Underwood, David G.; Rieck, James R.
Reviews the college completion/graduation rate thresholds developed by several states and discusses advantages and disadvantages of several statistical approaches, including use of the one standard deviation lower bound method, the logit prediction bound method, the linear regression method, and the logistic regression method. (DB)
This week's In the News chronicles recent Federal Reserve Board decisions to lower interest rates. The eleven resources discussed provide news, opinion, and consumer information on the FRB BOG action. Following the first US interest rate cut in three years on September 29, 1998, FED Chairman Alan Greenspan caught fire from Wall Street. "Traders were disappointed" in the mere quarter point drop, according to Time business reporter Bernard Baumohl, but "Greenspan will have to make do with the gratitude of the rest of the world." Although the DOW initially fell 54 points Tuesday, a second 0.25% cut to short-term interest rates on October 15, 1998 sent stocks soaring 330 points--the third largest one-day point gain in history. Analysts now hope that US investor optimism--coupled with IMF and World Bank action in Brazil, Russia, and Asia--will ease the world-wide economic crises.
Hogan-Newsome, Patricia Marie
The 2001 No Child Left Behind Act required states to report graduation rates as a condition of high school accountability for receipt and use of federal Title I funds, and to set growth targets that would ensure all students graduate from high school. It also reaffirmed the long-standing national policy that graduation rates be used as the…
Marchant, Gregory J.; Paulson, Sharon E.
The current study examined the effect of high school graduation exams on states' graduation rates, states' aggregated SAT scores, and individual students' SAT scores. Three data sources were used: One source identified states requiring a standardized test for graduation; the NCES provided state aggregated data on graduation rates for the class of…
Heckman, James Joseph; Lafontaine, Paul A.
This paper uses multiple data sources and a unified methodology to estimate the trends and levels of the U.S. high school graduation rate. Correcting for important biases that plague previous calculations, we establish that (a) the true high school graduation rate is substantially lower than the official rate issued by the National Center for Educational Statistics; (b) it has been declining over the past 40 years; (c) majority/minority graduation rate differentials are substantial and have n...
Gregory J. Marchant
Full Text Available The current study examined the effect of high school graduation exams on states' graduation rates, states' aggregated SAT scores, and individual students' SAT scores. Three data sources were used: One source identified states requiring a standardized test for graduation; the NCES provided state aggregated data on graduation rates for the class of 2002; and the College Board provided its 2001 SAT database for all test-takers. After controlling for students' demographic characteristics (e.g., race, family education and income, GPA and class rank, regression analyses revealed that states requiring graduation exams had lower graduation rates and lower SAT scores. Individually, students from states requiring a graduation exam performed more poorly on the SAT than did students from states not requiring an exam. The impact of high stakes tests' on students' motivation to stay in school and on the teaching of critical thinking skills (tested by the SAT are discussed.
Nautz, Dieter; Schmidt, Sandra
This paper investigates how the implementation of monetary policy affects the dynamics and the volatility of the federal funds rate. Since the early 1980s, the most important changes in the Fed’s conduct of monetary policy refer to the role of the federal funds rate target and the reserve requirement system. We show that the improved communication and transparency regarding the federal funds rate target has significantly increased the Fed’s influence on the federal funds rate since 1994. ...
...1615, et al. Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: New Premium Rating...RIN 3206-AM39 Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: New Premium Rating...document amends the Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) regulations...
Nogueira-Martins L.A.; Fagnani Neto R.; Macedo P.C.M.; Cítero V.A.; Mari J.J.
We present data regarding the care provided to graduate level health professionals at the mental health center of the Federal University of São Paulo. From September 1996 to September 2003, 146 graduate students (99 in the Master's degree program and 47 in the Doctoral program) were attended. This population was predominantly female (68.5%), with a mean (± SD) age of 28.6 ± 4.42 years, not married (71.9%). Most of the subjects were professionals who had not graduated from the Federal Unive...
...Federally approved indirect cost rates for for-profit firms...TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Award Terms Affecting...Federally approved indirect cost rates for for-profit firms...federally approved indirect cost rates for its Federal...
An expansion in higher education in combination with the recent global economic recession has resulted in a high college graduate unemployment rate in Taiwan. This study investigates how the high unemployment rate and financial constraints caused by economic cutbacks have shaped undergraduates' class choices, job needs, and future income…
Sanford, Thomas; Hunter, James M.
As the architect of the oldest and most stable performance-funding program, Tennessee provides a unique opportunity to analyze the impact of changes in performance-funding policies on changes in institutional retention and six-year graduation rates over time. Utilizing spline linear mixed models, this study examines the impact of changes in…
Martin, Antoine; Mcandrews, James; Palida, Ali; Skeie, David
Monetary policy measures taken by the Federal Reserve as a response to the 2007-09 financial crisis and subsequent economic conditions led to a large increase in the level of outstanding reserves. The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) has a range of tools to control short-term market rates in this situation. We study several of these tools, namely, interest on excess reserves (IOER), reverse repurchase agreements (RRPs), and the term deposit facility (TDF). We find that overnight RRPs (ON ...
Full Text Available We present data regarding the care provided to graduate level health professionals at the mental health center of the Federal University of São Paulo. From September 1996 to September 2003, 146 graduate students (99 in the Master's degree program and 47 in the Doctoral program were attended. This population was predominantly female (68.5%, with a mean (± SD age of 28.6 ± 4.42 years, not married (71.9%. Most of the subjects were professionals who had not graduated from the Federal University (78.1%. The students who sought help for psychological and/or psychiatric problems were classified into two categories: situational-adaptive crises and psychopathological crises. The main diagnoses were depression and anxiety disorders (44% causing 4.5% of the subjects to be temporarily suspended from their graduate studies; 19.2% reported that they had used psychotropic drugs within the previous month, and 47.9% referred to sleep disturbances. Suicidal tendencies were mentioned by 18% of those interviewed. Students with emotional disturbances and academic dysfunctions should be recognized at an early stage, and it is fundamental for them to have access to mental health programs that provide formal, structured and confidential care. Thus, it is important that professors and advisors in graduate programs build a warm and affective learning environment. If we consider the expressive growth in Brazilian scientific production resulting from the implementation of an extensive national system of graduate education, it is important to focus efforts on enhancing and upgrading the mental health care system.
L.A., Nogueira-Martins; R., Fagnani Neto; P.C.M., Macedo; V.A., Cítero; J.J., Mari.
Full Text Available We present data regarding the care provided to graduate level health professionals at the mental health center of the Federal University of São Paulo. From September 1996 to September 2003, 146 graduate students (99 in the Master's degree program and 47 in the Doctoral program) were attended. This p [...] opulation was predominantly female (68.5%), with a mean (± SD) age of 28.6 ± 4.42 years, not married (71.9%). Most of the subjects were professionals who had not graduated from the Federal University (78.1%). The students who sought help for psychological and/or psychiatric problems were classified into two categories: situational-adaptive crises and psychopathological crises. The main diagnoses were depression and anxiety disorders (44%) causing 4.5% of the subjects to be temporarily suspended from their graduate studies; 19.2% reported that they had used psychotropic drugs within the previous month, and 47.9% referred to sleep disturbances. Suicidal tendencies were mentioned by 18% of those interviewed. Students with emotional disturbances and academic dysfunctions should be recognized at an early stage, and it is fundamental for them to have access to mental health programs that provide formal, structured and confidential care. Thus, it is important that professors and advisors in graduate programs build a warm and affective learning environment. If we consider the expressive growth in Brazilian scientific production resulting from the implementation of an extensive national system of graduate education, it is important to focus efforts on enhancing and upgrading the mental health care system.
...Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program AGENCY: Federal Student Aid, Department...through June 30, 2013, for loans made under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program. The Chief...
...Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program Prior to July 1, 2013 AGENCY: Federal...through June 30, 2014, for loans made under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program prior to July...
...RIN 3206-AM39 Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: New Premium Rating...regulation amending the Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) regulations and also the Federal Employees Health Benefits Acquisition...
...RIN 3206-AM39 Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: New Premium Rating...regulation amending the Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) regulations and also the Federal Employees Health Benefits Acquisition...
...RIN 3206-AM39 Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: New Premium Rating...regulation amending the Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) regulations and also the Federal Employees Health Benefits Acquisition...
...Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program on or After July 1, 2013 AGENCY...announces the interest rates for loans made under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program on or after...
Hilton, Spence; Hrung, Warren B.
We analyze the impact of aggregate reserve levels on the intraday behavior of the federal funds rate over a sample period extending from 2002 to 2005. We study both how the reserve levels accumulated earlier in a maintenance period influence the morning level of the funds rate relative to the target set by the FOMC, and how same-day reserve levels as well as the reserve levels accumulated earlier affect intraday movements of the funds rate. The impact of recurring calendar events on the behav...
...12 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT...HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION...the applicable risk premium rates...by the Federal Insurance Administrator...writing to the Risk Analysis Division...Federal Emergency Management...
Full Text Available In recent years there has been a renewed interest in understanding the levels and trends in high school graduation in the U.S. A big and influential literature has argued that the “true” high school graduation rate remains at an unsatisfactory level, and that the graduation rates for minorities (Blacks and Hispanics are alarmingly low. In this paper we take a closer look at the different measures of high school graduation which have recently been proposed and which yield such low estimates of graduation rates. We argue that the nature of the variables in the Common Core of Data, the dataset maintained by the U.S. Department of Education that is the main source for all of the new measures, requires caution in calculating graduation rates, and the adjustments that have been proposed often impart significant downward bias to the estimates.
Waggoner, R. Greg; And Others
Reports a study that measured the perceptions of National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I-A presidents, athletic directors, and head football coaches regarding the use of student athlete graduation rates as a criterion in head football coaches' evaluations. (GLR)
...Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Indirect Cost Rates AGENCY: Department...0069, Indirect Cost Rates, by any of...following methods: Regulations.gov: http...9000-0069, Indirect Cost Rates, in all correspondence...http://www.regulations.gov,...
...Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission...Review; Indirect Cost Rates AGENCY...0069, Indirect Cost Rates, by any...following methods: Regulations.gov: http://www.regulations.gov. Submit...9000-0069, Indirect Cost Rates''....
Using data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System and College Results Online--a website that lets the public access a school's enrollment and graduation statistics on the basis of categories such as race, ethnicity, and gender--Education Trust or EdTrust, a Washington, DC-based nonprofit that aims to close the gaps that keep many…
Mulvenon, Sean W.; Robinson, Daniel H.
The argument is made that increasing enrollments and graduation rates cannot occur while maintaining academic standards. Several U.S. universities are attempting to increase their enrollments to counter the financial difficulties created by a reduction in state support. These same universities are also under growing pressure from their state legislatures to increase four-year graduation rates and make degrees more affordable. In this essay, we describe how some universities and programs are a...
...Federal Travel Regulation; Removal of Privately Owned Vehicle Rates; Privately Owned Automobile Mileage Reimbursement When Government Owned Automobiles Are Authorized; Miscellaneous Amendments; Correction AGENCY: Office of...
Tucker, Irvin B.
To determine the impact on the academic mission, the models in this study test whether there is statistical evidence that student graduation rates or alumni giving rates are influenced by pigskin or hoop success for major universities after adjustment for key academic variables. Using a sample of big-time sports universities and models comparable…
Robertson, John C.; Tallman, Ellis W.
Vector autoregression (VAR) models are widely used for policy analysis. Some authors caution, however, that the forecast errors of the federal funds rate from such a VAR are large compared to those from the federal funds futures market. From these findings, it is argued that the inaccurate federal funds rate forecasts from VARs limit their usefulness as a tool for guiding policy decisions. In this paper, we demonstrate that the poor forecast performance is largely eliminated if a Bayesian est...
Schmidt, H. G.; Molen, H. M.
Purpose. To study the self-reports of professional competencies by graduates of a problem-based medical curriculum. Method. All graduates from a medical school and a faculty of health sciences with a problem-based curriculum were sent a questionnaire asking them to compare their own performances in 19 domains with those of colleagues trained at schools with conventional curricula. Results. Overall, alumni of the medical school rated themselves as better than colleagues who were trained at sch...
Hauser, Robert M., Ed.; Koenig, Judith Anderson, Ed.
High school graduation and dropout rates have long been used as indicators of educational system productivity and effectiveness and of social and economic well being. While determining these rates may seem like a straightforward task, their calculation is in fact quite complicated. How does one count a student who leaves a regular high school but…
...firm to use Federally approved indirect cost rates? 37.630 Section 37.630...SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT...firm to use Federally approved indirect cost rates? In accordance with...
...Federal income tax expense should be based on the normal taxes that would be paid under the depreciation standards used for rate making, and that accumulated reserves for deferred taxes should be excluded from the recognized capitalization for...
...Prevailing Rate Systems; Abolishment of Monmouth, NJ, as a Nonappropriated Fund Federal...is issuing a final rule to abolish the Monmouth, New Jersey, nonappropriated fund...System (FWS) wage area and redefine Monmouth County, NJ, to the Burlington,...
...Prevailing Rate Systems; Abolishment of Monmouth, NJ, as a Nonappropriated Fund Federal...issuing an interim rule to abolish the Monmouth, New Jersey, nonappropriated fund...System (FWS) wage area and redefine Monmouth County, NJ, to the Burlington,...
DeBrock, Lawrence; And Others
Analysis of data from NCAA Division I schools for male football and male and female basketball players shows that traditional labor market opportunities unrelated to sports are significant explanatory variables for athletes' academic persistence. Professional sports opportunities also have a significant impact on the graduation rate of athletes.…
Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011
Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…
Webber, Douglas A.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
Median instructional spending per full-time equivalent (FTE) student at American colleges and universities has grown at a slower rate the median spending per FTE in a number of other expenditure categories during the last two decades. We use institutional level panel data and a variety of econometric approaches, including unconditional quantile regression models, to analyze whether noninstructional expenditure categories influence first year persistence and graduation rates of American underg...
...use of Federal, State, and local minimum wage requirements in determining prevailing...use of Federal, State, and local minimum wage requirements in determining prevailing...2) The highest State or local minimum wage rate in the local wage area...
Johnson, Sheryl L.
The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a correlation between principal leadership style and graduation rates of Latino and African American male students. The study also examined the principal leadership style to determine whether or not principal leadership style had an impact on the percentage of students graduating from high…
This brief Note provides strong empirical evidence that federal government deficits can indeed have a positive and significant impact upon short term interest rates; the findings in this paper thereby establish another mechanism for the transmission of crowding out. This study differs from most other studies in the adoption of two particular procedures. First, unlike most (although not all) other related studies, the rate of interest is expressed as a real rate; this is done in simple fas...
Bartolini, Leonardo; Bertola, Giuseppe; Prati, Alessandro
We propose a model of the interbank money market with an explicit role for central bank intervention and periodic reserve requirements, and study the interaction of profit-maximizing banks with a central bank targeting interest rates at high frequency. The model yields predictions on biweekly patterns of the federal funds rate's volatility and on its response to changes in target rates and in intervention procedures, such as those implemented by the Fed in 1994. Theoretical results are consis...
...Documents. Prices of new books are listed in the first...3206-AM50 Prevailing Rate Systems; Redefinition of the...Appropriated Fund Federal Wage System Wage Areas AGENCY...appropriated fund Federal Wage System (FWS) wage areas...on recent consensus recommendations of the Federal...
Crésio, Alves; Márcia, Brandão; Juliana, Andion; Rafaela, Menezes.
Full Text Available A avaliação do fluxo salivar é importante em várias situações da prática odontológica. Porém, sua mensuração é habitualmente realizada através da pesagem do volume coletado, o que não é prático na rede pública de saúde. Esse trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar o uso de seringas hipodérmicas graduadas [...] como alternativa mais simples para mensurar o fluxo salivar. Foram analisadas amostras de saliva de 50 indivíduos (31 mulheres e 19 homens) com idades entre 8 e 32 anos (média:12,4 anos) saudáveis, recrutados no ambulatório de odontologia de dois centros da rede pública de saúde. Após a coleta, a saliva foi pesada numa balança analítica de precisão e comparada com o volume aferido através de sua mensuração em mililitros obtido com o uso de seringas hipodérmicas graduadas. O coeficiente de correlação de Pearson mostrou a existência de uma associação positiva e significativa entre os dois métodos de mensuração do fluxo salivar (r = 0,996; p Abstract in english The evaluation of the salivary flow rate is important in several situations of dental practice. However, weighing the collected salivary volume it is not a practical method in public health services. This work evaluated the use of hypodermic graduated syringes as a simpler alternative method to meas [...] ure the salivary flow rate. Saliva samples were obtained from 50 individuals (31 females and 19 males) aged 8 to 32 years (mean age: 12.4 years), recruited at the outpatient dental clinics of two public health centers. After collection, the saliva was weighed in a graduated scale and the results compared with the volume obtained through its measurement, in mL, in graduated hypodermic syringes. There was a positive and significant relationship between the two methods of measuring salivary flow rates as demonstrated by the Pearson's correlation coefficient (r = 0.996, with p
The Federal Directive on Operating Cost Rates (BPflV) has now been in force for more than two years. An initial stocktaking with regard to the likely benefits and the costs associated with implementing the Directive properly therefore seems appropriate. The present paper is confined to experience gained at the Tübingen Clinic in the course of compiling diagnostic statistics for 1986 and 1987. PMID:2510414
Scott, Marc; Bailey, Thomas; Kienzl, Greg
Amid growing criticism of public universities, there is little discussion of what appropriate institutional evaluation would entail. Six-year graduation rates are commonly used, and public bachelors granting institutions have lower rates than private institutions, but with the growth in non-traditional college attendance, these can be misleading.…
Belongia, Michael; Hinich, Melvin
Over the past twenty years, the federal funds rate has evolved from being an intermediate target or indicator variable in discussions of monetary policy to the Federal Reserve’s (exogenous) policy instrument. How the funds rate is characterized has important implications for modeling, particularly in settings such as the popular Taylor Rule. Crucially, however, little investigation has been done to examine whether the funds rate meets the conditions one would require for an instrument of ...
Newell, Jeremiah; Akers, Carolyn
Through sustained community organizing and strategic partnerships, the Mobile (Alabama) County Public School System is improving achievement and creating beat-the-odds schools that set and achieve high academic expectations despite the challenges of poverty and racial disparity. The authors chart how Mobile's Research Alliance for Multiple Pathways, funded through the U.S. Department of Labor's Multiple Pathways Blueprint Initiative, is identifying gaps in services throughout the community, analyzing the data about dropouts, benchmarking other communities, studying best practices, and mobilizing the community to expect and demand higher graduation rates. These activities are resulting in early identification of off-track students and coordination of school- and community-based reforms. PMID:20973078
...0750-AH86 Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Forward Pricing...to amend the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to...requirement concerning Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Forward...
Hayward, Milan S.; Williams, Mitchell R.
The completion agenda demands higher community college graduation rates among adult learners, and prior learning assessment (PLA) is a promising solution. PLA permits students to earn credit for college-level learning acquired outside of higher education and is associated with improved student outcomes. However, little is known regarding community…
Guo, Kun; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Cheng, Si-Wei; Sornette, Didier
Using a recently introduced method to quantify the time-varying lead-lag dependencies between pairs of economic time series (the thermal optimal path method), we test two fundamental tenets of the theory of fixed income: (i) the stock market variations and the yield changes should be anti-correlated; (ii) the change in central bank rates, as a proxy of the monetary policy of the central bank, should be a predictor of the future stock market direction. Using both monthly and weekly data, we found very similar lead-lag dependence between the S&P 500 stock market index and the yields of bonds inside two groups: bond yields of short-term maturities (Federal funds rate (FFR), 3M, 6M, 1Y, 2Y, and 3Y) and bond yields of long-term maturities (5Y, 7Y, 10Y, and 20Y). In all cases, we observe the opposite of (i) and (ii). First, the stock market and yields move in the same direction. Second, the stock market leads the yields, including especially the FFR. Moreover, we find that the short-term yields in the first group lead the long-term yields in the second group before the financial crisis that started in mid-2007 and the inverse relationship holds afterwards. These results suggest that the Federal Reserve is increasingly mindful of the stock market behavior, seen as key to the recovery and health of the economy. Long-term investors seem also to have been more reactive and mindful of the signals provided by the financial stock markets than the Federal Reserve itself after the start of the financial crisis. The lead of the S&P 500 stock market index over the bond yields of all maturities is confirmed by the traditional lagged cross-correlation analysis. PMID:21857954
Colbert, Robert D.
High school graduation rates nationally have declined in recent years, despite public and private efforts. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether practice of the Quiet Time/Transcendental Meditation® program at a medium-size urban school results in higher school graduation rates compared to students who do not receive training…
The effect of money stock announcements on the federal funds rate has been attributed informally to the information conveyed by the announcements about aggregate reserve demand. This "Aggregate Information Hypothesis" explains the effect without reference to Federal Reserve intervention in the funds market. In this paper I provide a formal model of the Aggregate Information Hypothesis under lagged reserve accounting. The model relies on imperfect information in the funds market, and on ...
S. T. R., Pinho; C. P. C., Prado.
Full Text Available In this paper we review and discuss some fundamental aspects of the random version of the Olami-Feder- Christensen model, and its relevance for the understanding of self-organized criticality (SOC). We review the universal character of the exponent [...] ./img/revistas/bjp/v33n3/a09img01.gif" align=absmiddle > or = 3/2, related to avalanche size distributions in random SOC models, and its connection to branching processes theory. We also generalize previous results, that had been obtained for the random OFC model with four neighbors, to any coordination number. Finally we present some connections between our generalization and recent discussions involving the branching rate approach to this model.
...the information needed for a financial assessment; (iii) Referral...September 30, 1997, Federal financial participation is available...chapter. (d) Federal financial participation at the 90...repeated testing when necessary, analysis of test results, and...
Guo, Kun; Cheng, Si-Wei; Sornette, Didier
Using a recently introduced method to quantify the time varying lead-lag dependencies between pairs of economic time series (the thermal optimal path method), we test two fundamental tenets of the theory of fixed income: (i) the stock market variations and the yield changes should be anti-correlated; (ii) the change in central bank rates, as a proxy of the monetary policy of the central bank, should be a predictor of the future stock market direction. Using both monthly and weekly data, we found very similar lead-lag dependence between the S&P500 stock market index and the yields of bonds inside two groups: bond yields of short-term maturities (Federal funds rate (FFR), 3M, 6M, 1Y, 2Y, and 3Y) and bond yields of long-term maturities (5Y, 7Y, 10Y, and 20Y). In all cases, we observe the opposite of (i) and (ii). First, the stock market and yields move in the same direction. Second, the stock market leads the yields, including and especially the FFR. Moreover, we find that the short-term yields in the first ...
Borg, Mary O'Malley; Plumlee, J. Patrick; Stranahan, Harriet A.
The Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) is a high-stakes test that public school students must pass to be eligible for graduation from high school. Previous research suggests that high-stakes tests have a differential effect on students by race and ethnicity. This study finds that in one Florida school district African American and…
Clark, E. Eugene
Recent studies in South Australia and Western Australia have shown that approximately one-third of all students fail to graduate, with the largest dropout occurring by the end of the first year of higher education. Research on student retention is discussed and steps to improve retention are suggested. (MLW)
We examined the status of plant pathology departments and age demographics of the profession. Seven of eight large departments have lost from 17 to 40% of their faculty positions since 1987, and several smaller graduate programs in plant pathology (e.g., in several northeastern states) have all but...
...NAF) Federal Wage System (FWS) wage area...Office of Personnel Management, Room 7H31, 1900 E...Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is issuing a...NAF) Federal Wage System (FWS) wage area...has a new Veterans Canteen Service staffed...
... OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN PROGRAM...made by the institution of higher education, its owner, agency, contractor...location of one institution to a free-standing...
Jordan is viewed as a country of social, political, and economic advancement. It currently leads the region in literacy rates and is well on its way to achieving gender equity. Despite Jordan's reputation as one of the most 'advanced' countries in the region, there have been conflicted reports on higher education completion rates of women. Some…
Wolf, Larry; Harvell, Jennie; Jha, Ashish K
The US government has dedicated substantial resources to help certain providers, such as short-term acute care hospitals and physicians, adopt and meaningfully use electronic health record (EHR) systems. We used national data to determine adoption rates of EHR systems among all types of inpatient providers that were ineligible for these same federal meaningful-use incentives: long-term acute care hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals, and psychiatric hospitals. Adoption rates for these institutions were dismally low: less than half of the rate among short-term acute care hospitals. Specifically, 12 percent of short-term acute care hospitals have at least a basic EHR system, compared with 6 percent of long-term acute care hospitals, 4 percent of rehabilitation hospitals, and 2 percent of psychiatric hospitals. To advance the creation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure, federal and state policy makers should consider additional measures, such as adopting health information technology standards and EHR system certification criteria appropriate for these ineligible hospitals; including such hospitals in state health information exchange programs; and establishing low-interest loan programs for the acquisition and use of certified EHR systems by ineligible providers. PMID:22392661
...51 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM EXTENSIONS OF CREDIT BY FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS...S. money markets resulting from an act of war, military or terrorist attack, natural...
Webber, Douglas A.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
During the last two decades, median instructional spending per full-time equivalent (FTE) student at American 4-year colleges and universities has grown at a slower rate than median spending per FTE student in a number of other expenditure categories, including academic support, student services and research. Our paper uses institutional level…
Webber, Douglas A.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
Rates of tuition increases in both private and public higher education that continually exceed inflation, coupled with the fact that the United States no longer leads the world in terms of the fraction of young adults who have college degrees, have focused attention on why costs keep increasing in higher education and what categories of higher…
Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools, 2011
The District conducts a "cross-sectional" analysis of student dropouts annually; it examines dropout rates among students enrolled in various grades at one point in time. A "longitudinal" analysis, also conducted annually, tracks a group of students in the same grade or cohort over a period of several years. Each method addresses a different…
Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools, 2012
The District conducts a "cross-sectional" analysis of student dropouts annually; it examines dropout rates among students enrolled in various grades at one point in time. A "longitudinal" analysis, also conducted annually, tracks a group of students in the same grade or cohort over a period of several years. Each method addresses a different…
Taylor, Robert Pernell
The primary purpose of this study was to examine the differences in teacher quality, student achievement, and graduation rates among select North Carolina urban high schools based on their racial segregation when measured by the entropy index. The entropy index is a measure of evenness among racial groups used to determine the level of segregation…
Heuser, Brian L.; Drake, Timothy A.; Owens, Taya L.
By examining the different methods and processes by which national data gathering agencies compile and submit their findings to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the authors (1) assess the methodological challenges of accurately reporting tertiary completion and graduation rates cross-nationally; (2) to examine the…
...prospective payment rates will be established...standard payment conversion factor. The...CMS applies the increase factor described...standard payment conversion factor for fiscal...updated by the increase factor described...prospective payment rate for each case-mix...standard payment conversion factor...
Formação de mestres em enfermagem na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: contribuições sob a ótica de egressos Formación de maestros en enfermería en la Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: contribuciones según la visión de los egresados Formation of masters in nursing at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: contributions under post graduates' view
Flávia Regina Souza Ramos
Full Text Available O estudo objetivou conhecer as percepções de egressos do Curso de Mestrado em Enfermagem do Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina acerca das contribuições de sua formação para o trabalho profissional. Estudo de abordagem qualitativa, utilizou questionário aplicado a mestres em enfermagem egressos do curso (últimos 5 anos, totalizando 88 informantes. A análise apresentou elementos da ótica dos egressos quanto a uma avaliação geral do curso, quanto às contribuições do mesmo para a mudança no trabalho e quanto a avaliação média dos seus objetivos. O mestrado em enfermagem mostrou-se um espaço reconhecido e valorizado de construção e consolidação de um conhecimento inovador frente aos desafios que se impõem para uma nova configuração do fazer em saúde cotidianamente.El estudio tuvo como objetivo conocer las percepciones de los egresados de la Maestría en Enfermería de la Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina acerca de las contribuciones de su formación para el trabajo profesional. Estudio de aboerdage cualitativa, con la utilización de un cuestionario dirigido a los maestros egresados en los últimos cinco años, para un total de 88 informantes. El análisis presentó elementos en relación a evaluación general de la Maestría, así como de las contribuciones de la misma para el cambio en el trabajo y la evaluación de sus objetivos. La maestría en enfermería se presentó como un espacio reconocido y valorizado para la construcción y consolidación de conocimientos innovadores ante los desafíos para una nueva configuración del quehacer en salud.The objective of the study is to know the perceptions of graduates of the Masters Course in Nursing at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina with its contributions on formation as regards to professional work. That was a study of qualitative approach, using a questionnaire applied to the egresses of master degree program (last 5 years, totaling 88 informants. Analysis presented elements of the graduates lent in relation to the general evaluation of the course, as related to the same contributions for change at work and the medium evaluation of its objectives. The masters degree program shows a space and the valorization of construction and consolidation of an innovative knowledge that can faces challenges that might occur to a new configuration of making health daily.
Nuclear industry, research and academic programmes have been developing in the Russian Federation since the 1950s with the former USSR being the cradle of all nuclear programmes, which was later inherited by the Russian Federation. Moreover, the issue of nuclear personnel development has always been recognized as one of the imperatives for supporting research, engineering and production activities in the nuclear field. Thus, almost simultaneously with creating Soviet NFC sites, a number of University programmes aimed at preparing highly qualified and competent staff to meet the requirements of the field were established. The education and training system created then has been successfully operating in the country, having become mature and versatile. Hundreds of competent nuclear professionals are produced each year by leading national schools. It should be noted that the Russian traditional education scheme has always been a continuous process starting with secondary school (which includes high school, i.e. 8-11 forms). High school could be substituted by professional schools (technicums). After high school or a professional school, a student could go on to further education in a university. University graduates acquire diplomas ranking as high as Western MSc diplomas. Having defended diploma projects in technical specialties, the graduates are granted a qualification of engineer-physicist, engineer-designer, engineer-mathematician, etc., and can choose between two opician, etc., and can choose between two options: either continuing with their education to the PhD level, or getting a job at one of the nuclear industrial sites, research institutions, or other nuclear associated organizations. Once employed, they regularly go through updating and upgrading courses (according to the requirement of national regulatory bodies) and/or if necessary through retraining programmes. Recently, a two-step university education (4-year Bachelor of Science Degree Programme - step 1, and a 2-year Master of Science Degree Programme - step 2, has been introduced in RF. A characteristic feature of the new system is that currently it includes the elements of the traditional and the new one, e.g. a specialist having either BSc or engineer's diploma is eligible for being enrolled into MSc programme. But BSc graduates cannot be enrolled to the post graduate courses while engineers and MSc graduates can; with an MSc graduate having some privileges in competing when entering full-time post-graduate courses. Hence, the two educational schemes simultaneously existing are a unique experience whose lessons are to be learnt
Inserción profesional de los licenciados en turismo: El caso de la Universidad Federal de Minas Gerais (Brasil entre 2005 y 2007 The Employability of Graduates of the Undergraduate Course in Tourism at the Federal University of de Minas Gerais (UFMG/Brazil
Tatiana Roberta de Souza
Full Text Available Este estudio tuvo como objetivo general analizar la inserción profesional de los egresados de la carrera de Turismo de la Universidad Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG, en Brasil, entre los años 2005 y 2007. Las estrategias metodológicas utilizadas fueron la investigación bibliográfica y la aplicación de entrevistas. La muestra del estudio estuvo formada por 40 egresados, lo que representa aproximadamente el 52% del universo de investigación. Los resultados muestran que el 48% de los egresados de la muestra están insertados profesionalmente en el campo del turismo, principalmente en el segmento de agencias (30%. Luego de analizar los resultados, se sugiere que las carreras de turismo desarrollen estudios para conocer la inserción profesional de sus egresados, e investiguen la percepción de los estudiantes respecto de la importancia de la institución educativa en la formación profesionalFormed in the Years 2005-2007. This study has as main objective to verify and analyze the employability of graduates of the undergraduate course in Tourism at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG, in Brazil, formed in the years 2005 to 2007. The methodological strategies used were literature review and questionnaires. The study sample consisted of 40 graduates, representing approximately 52% of the survey. The results showed that 48% of graduates surveyed are inserted professionally in the field of tourism, mainly in the segment of agencies (30%. As a result of the survey, we suggest that the graduate courses in tourism, in general, would to develop studies in order to verify the employability of its graduates and to investigate the students' perception about the importance of the institution in its professional formation
Guo, Kun; Zhou, Wei-xing; Cheng, Si-wei; Sornette, Didier
Using a recently introduced method to quantify the time varying lead-lag dependencies between pairs of economic time series (the thermal optimal path method), we test two fundamental tenets of the theory of fixed income: (i) the stock market variations and the yield changes should be anti-correlated; (ii) the change in central bank rates, as a proxy of the monetary policy of the central bank, should be a predictor of the future stock market direction. Using both monthly and ...
Dissertações produzidas no Programa de Pós-Graduação e Mestrado em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Paraná / The dissertations produced in the Graduate and Master's in Nursing Program at Universidade Federal do Paraná / Disertaciones generadas en el Programa de Posgraduación, Maestría en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraná
Karina Silveira de Almeida, Hammerschmidt; Maria de Fátima, Mantovani; Liliana Maria, Labronici; Maria Helena, Lenardt; Maria Ribeiro, Lacerda.
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Trata-se de estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e documental com objetivo de analisar as dissertações produzidas pelo Curso de Mestrado em Enfermagem do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Paraná, considerando o ajustamento de suas linhas de pesquisa. Para tanto foi reali [...] zada leitura crítica dos resumos e análise da temática das dissertações e da inserção na linha de pesquisa, bem como de métodos, abordagens, sujeitos, local, instrumentos e técnicas de pesquisa. Foram analisados 64 resumos de dissertações disponíveis on-line. Das produções analisadas há predominância do enfoque qualitativo e da utilização de entrevista. Verificou-se que as dissertações têm anuência com as linhas de pesquisa do Programa do Curso de Mestrado e sua análise pode contribuir para o redimensionamento de caminhos, linhas e pesquisas que o programa tem desenvolvido. Abstract in spanish Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, documental, que objetivó analizar las disertaciones generadas en el Curso de Maestría en Enfermería del Programa de Posgraduación en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraná, considerando el ajuste de sus líneas investigativas. Para ello se realizó lectura c [...] rítica de los resúmenes y análisis de la temática de las disertaciones y de la inserción en la línea investigativa, así como de métodos, abordajes, sujetos, lugares, instrumentos y técnicas de investigación. Se analizaron 64 resúmenes de disertaciones disponibles online. Entre el material analizado hay predominio del enfoque cualitativo y utilización de entrevista. Se verificó que las disertaciones tienen anuencia con las líneas investigativas del Programa del Curso de Maestría y su análisis puede contribuir al redimensionamiento de caminos, líneas e investigaciones que el programa ha desarrollado. Abstract in english This descriptive, retrospective documental study was performed with the objective to analyze the dissertations produced in the Graduate and Master's in Nursing Program at Universidade Federal do Paraná, considering the adjustment of its lines of research. To do this, a critical reading was performed [...] of the abstracts and thematic analysis was used to look at the dissertations and their inclusion in the lines of research, as well as the methods, approaches, subjects, location and research techniques used. A total 64 abstracts were analyzed from dissertations that were available online. Of the analyzed productions most make a qualitative focus and use interviews. It was found that the dissertations are in line with the lines of research proposed in the Master's Degree in Program and their analysis can contribute to re-dimensioning pathways, research lines and studies that the program has developed.
Dissertações produzidas no Programa de Pós-Graduação e Mestrado em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Paraná Disertaciones generadas en el Programa de Posgraduación, Maestría en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraná The dissertations produced in the Graduate and Master's in Nursing Program at Universidade Federal do Paraná
Karina Silveira de Almeida Hammerschmidt
Full Text Available Trata-se de estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e documental com objetivo de analisar as dissertações produzidas pelo Curso de Mestrado em Enfermagem do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Paraná, considerando o ajustamento de suas linhas de pesquisa. Para tanto foi realizada leitura crítica dos resumos e análise da temática das dissertações e da inserção na linha de pesquisa, bem como de métodos, abordagens, sujeitos, local, instrumentos e técnicas de pesquisa. Foram analisados 64 resumos de dissertações disponíveis on-line. Das produções analisadas há predominância do enfoque qualitativo e da utilização de entrevista. Verificou-se que as dissertações têm anuência com as linhas de pesquisa do Programa do Curso de Mestrado e sua análise pode contribuir para o redimensionamento de caminhos, linhas e pesquisas que o programa tem desenvolvido.Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, documental, que objetivó analizar las disertaciones generadas en el Curso de Maestría en Enfermería del Programa de Posgraduación en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraná, considerando el ajuste de sus líneas investigativas. Para ello se realizó lectura crítica de los resúmenes y análisis de la temática de las disertaciones y de la inserción en la línea investigativa, así como de métodos, abordajes, sujetos, lugares, instrumentos y técnicas de investigación. Se analizaron 64 resúmenes de disertaciones disponibles online. Entre el material analizado hay predominio del enfoque cualitativo y utilización de entrevista. Se verificó que las disertaciones tienen anuencia con las líneas investigativas del Programa del Curso de Maestría y su análisis puede contribuir al redimensionamiento de caminos, líneas e investigaciones que el programa ha desarrollado.This descriptive, retrospective documental study was performed with the objective to analyze the dissertations produced in the Graduate and Master's in Nursing Program at Universidade Federal do Paraná, considering the adjustment of its lines of research. To do this, a critical reading was performed of the abstracts and thematic analysis was used to look at the dissertations and their inclusion in the lines of research, as well as the methods, approaches, subjects, location and research techniques used. A total 64 abstracts were analyzed from dissertations that were available online. Of the analyzed productions most make a qualitative focus and use interviews. It was found that the dissertations are in line with the lines of research proposed in the Master's Degree in Program and their analysis can contribute to re-dimensioning pathways, research lines and studies that the program has developed.
Feldman, S.L.; Wirtshafter, R.M.; Abrash, M.; Anderson, B.; Sullivan, P.; Kohler, J.
An analysis is performed to show that a utility solar-passive strategy can be used rather effectively in aiding the utility to obtain more efficient load factors and lower costs. The objectives are to determine the impact of active and passive solar energy designs for space conditioning and hot water heating for the residential sector upon the diurnal and annual load curves for several utilities, to assess the effect of present utility pricing policies, and to examine alternative pricing schemes, as well as Federal and state tax credits, as they may affect the optimal sizing and configuration of active solar and passive solar building components. The methodology, the systems model, an overall building design, building cost determination, and a description of TRNSYS are presented. The major parameters discussed that distinguish variation in the cost-effectiveness of particular building design fall into 5 categories: the weather, building configurations, building costs, utility costs and rates, and financial parameters (inclusive of tax credits for solar and energy conservation investment). Five utilities are studied: Colorado Springs Department of Public Utilities; Public Service Co. of New Mexico; New England Electric System; Pacific Gas and Electric; and Georgia Power Co.
Fatum, Rasmus; Scholnick, Barry
This paper is the first to utilize the informational content embodied in Federal funds futures contracts for extracting day-to-day changes in expectations of future US monetary policy, in the context of a study of day-to-day exchange rate changes. We analyze more than 12 years of daily exchange rate data and show that continuous day-to-day changes in expectations of future US monetary policy has a significant and systematic impact on day-to-day changes in exchange rates. Our results imply tha...
Programa de pós-graduação em enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria: trajetória e resultados / Graduate program in nursing at the Federal University of Santa Maria: trajectory and results / Programa de postgrado en enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Santa María: trayectoria y resultados
Graciele Fernanda da Costa, Linch; Aline Cammarano, Ribeiro; Laura de Azevedo, Guido.
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Estudo quantitativo, descritivo, exploratório, em base documental, tendo como objetivo relatar a história e trajetória do Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem (PPGENF) da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, de acordo com o panorama nacional. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de consultas a diferen [...] tes sites na internet e secretaria do PPGENF. O programa foi criado em 2006, sendo que, no primeiro triênio, houve uma ampliação no número de vagas e candidatos, e a concentração das publicações ocorreu nos Qualis B1 e A2. Foram desenvolvidas ações, como rodas de conversa, seminários, jornadas e workshops, direcionadas ao fortalecimento do programa para a integração de docentes/discentes, acadêmicos e profissionais de Enfermagem. Este programa está contribuindo para a expansão e o fortalecimento da Enfermagem no Rio Grande do Sul, na medida em que seus egressos estão inseridos em instituições de ensino superior, em doutoramento ou, ainda, em instituições de saúde públicas e privadas. Abstract in spanish Estudio cuatitativo, descriptivo de registro, con base documental, cuyo objetivo es contar la trayectoria histórica del Programa de Postgrado en Enfermería (PPGENF) de la Universidad Federal de Santa María, de acuerdo a la escena nacional. Los datos fueron obtenidos a través de búsquedas en diferent [...] es sites de internet y en la secretaría del PPGENF. El programa fue creado en 2006 y en el primer trienio hubo una amplitud en el número de vacantes y candidatos, y la concentración de publicaciones fue en qualis B1 y A2. Fueron desarrolladas acciones tales como conversaciones, seminarios, jornadas y workshops direccionadas al mejoramiento del programa y consecuente integración de docentes/discentes, académico y profesionales de enfermería. Este programa contribuye a la expansión y al fortalecimiento de la enfermería en Rio Grande ya que sus egresados están insertados en instituciones de enseñanza superior, en doctoramiento o instituciones de salud pública y privada. Abstract in english A quantitative, descriptive, exploratory study based on documentation that aims to report the history of the Graduate Program in Nursing (PPGENF), Federal University of Santa Maria according to the national scenario. The data was collected through queries to different sites on the Internet and secre [...] tary of PPGENF. The program was created in 2006, and in the first triennium there has been an increase in the number of vacancies and candidates, and concentration of the publications was given in qualis B1 and A2. Actions have been developed such as discussions, seminars, conferences and workshops aimed at strengthening the program and subsequent integration of faculty/student, academic and professional nursing. This program is contributing to the expansion and strengthening of nursing in the Rio Grande as its egresses are inserted in institutions of higher education, or PhD in health care public and private.
Análise do perfil dos egressos do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina (Radiologia) da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro / Profile analysis of post-graduates in Medicine (Radiology) at the School of Medicine of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Dalila Maria de Meirelles, Barbosa; Bianca, Gutfilen; Emerson Leandro, Gasparetto; Hilton Augusto, Koch.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar o perfil dos alunos e as motivações que os levaram a cursar o Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina (Radiologia) da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, bem como avaliar a produção científica, quantitativa e qualitativamente. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foi [...] enviado questionário contendo perguntas abertas e fechadas a 183 ex-alunos. Responderam 148 egressos. Avaliaram-se expectativas, destino profissional e produção científica. RESULTADOS: O aprimoramento técnico-científico (39,08%) e a evolução na carreira docente (26,82%) foram os aspectos que mais motivaram os egressos a cursar a pós-graduação. As mudanças decorrentes da finalização do curso foram: melhor conhecimento técnico (33,33%) e maior confiança no desempenho de suas funções (17,83%). Verificou-se que 60,42% estão atuando em instituições de ensino superior e 39,58% não, e que 84,93% dos artigos científicos sobre os temas das teses/dissertações foram publicados. CONCLUSÃO: O curso tem cumprido os requisitos essenciais para a formação de pesquisadores e docentes. Identificou-se a necessidade de atuação mais efetiva dos docentes do programa e de modificações curriculares, inserindo-se uma disciplina dedicada à elaboração de trabalhos científicos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To identify the students' profile and their motivation to attend the Course of Post-Graduation in Medicine (Radiology) at the School of Medicine of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, as well as to quantitative and qualitatively evaluate their scientific pr [...] oduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire comprised of both open and closed questions was sent to 183 post-graduates, and 148 returned with answers. Expectations, professional destiny and scientific production were evaluated. RESULTS: Technical and scientific improvement (39.08%) and docent career progression (26.82%) were the primary motivating factors for students to attend the post-graduation course. The changes resulting from the conclusion of the course were: improvement of technical knowledge (33.33%) and higher confidence in their professional performance (17.83%). This survey has demonstrated that 60.42% of the respondents work in higher education institutions and 39.58% do not, and that 84.93% of the scientific papers about themes of theses/dissertations were published. CONCLUSION: The course has met the essential requirements for researchers and docents education. Also, the survey has demonstrated the necessity of a more effective performance of the program docents besides curricular changes with the introduction of a discipline dedicated to the preparation of scientific papers.
Webber, Douglas A.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
During the last two decades, median instructional spending per full-time equivalent (FTE) student at American 4-year colleges and universities has grown at a slower rate than median spending per FTE student in a number of other expenditure categories including academic support, student services and research. Our paper uses institutional level…
Nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: áreas de atuação, distribuição geográfica, índices de pós-graduação e de filiação aos órgãos de classe Nutrition graduates from Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: areas of performance, geographical distribution, indexes of postgraduate degree and of affiliation to class associations
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Esta investigação teve como objetivo avaliar o perfil dos nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, no período de 1983 a 2000, buscando identificar as áreas e cidades de atuação profissional e os índices de realização de Pós-Graduação, bem como observar a filiação às entidades de classe. MÉTODOS: A metodologia consistiu na aplicação de um questionário auto-resposta, previamente testado, o qual foi remetido aos egressos via Correios, endereços eletrônicos e fax. Para análise dos dados, foi utilizado o programa Microsoft Access. RESULTADOS: As áreas de atuação que mais absorvem este recurso profissional são Alimentação Coletiva (28,9%, Nutrição Clínica (27,0%, Ensino (20,7%, Saúde Pública (12,6% e Outras (10,8%. Evidencia-se que 51,4% dos nutricionistas atuam no município de Florianópolis, 8,1% em Balneário Camboriú e 8,1% em Blumenau. A maioria dos egressos está filiada aos Conselhos Regionais de Nutricionistas e um grande contingente (84,7% ao Conselho Regional de Nutricionistas da segunda região, mas vinculam-se à Associação Catarinense de Nutrição apenas 27,5% dos egressos. CONCLUSÃO: Esta investigação vem confirmar a migração profissional entre as áreas de atuação do nutricionista prevista em estudos anteriores.OBJECTIVE: The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the profile of nutrition graduates from Federal University of Santa Catarina, in Brazil, in the period from 1983 to 2000, aiming to identify the areas and cities of professional performance and the indexes of accomplishment of postgraduate degrees, as well as to observe the affiliation to the class associations. METHODS: The methodology consisted of the application of a self-answer questionnaire, previously tested, which was sent to the nutritionists through mail, electronic addresses and fax. For data analysis, the Microsoft Access program was used. RESULTS: The areas of performance that absorb most of this professional resource are Collective Feeding (28.9%, Clinical Nutrition (27.0%, Teaching (20.7%, Public Health (12.6% and Others (10.8%. It was found that 51.4% of the nutritionists work in the city of Florianópolis, 8.1% in Balneário Camboriú and 8.1% in Blumenau. The great majority of graduates are associated with the Regional Council of Nutritionists and a great contingent (84.7% with the Regional Council of Nutritionists of the second region, but only 27.5% of the nutritionists have joined the Santa Catarina Nutrition Association. CONCLUSION: This investigation confirmed the professional migration among the areas of performance foreseen in previous studies.
Nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: áreas de atuação, distribuição geográfica, índices de pós-graduação e de filiação aos órgãos de classe / Nutrition graduates from Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: areas of performance, geographical distribution, indexes of postgraduate degree and of affiliation to class associations
Emilaura, Alves; Camila Elizandra, Rossi; Francisco de Assis Guedes de, Vasconcelos.
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Esta investigação teve como objetivo avaliar o perfil dos nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, no período de 1983 a 2000, buscando identificar as áreas e cidades de atuação profissional e os índices de realização de Pós-Graduação, bem como observar a filiação [...] às entidades de classe. MÉTODOS: A metodologia consistiu na aplicação de um questionário auto-resposta, previamente testado, o qual foi remetido aos egressos via Correios, endereços eletrônicos e fax. Para análise dos dados, foi utilizado o programa Microsoft Access. RESULTADOS: As áreas de atuação que mais absorvem este recurso profissional são Alimentação Coletiva (28,9%), Nutrição Clínica (27,0%), Ensino (20,7%), Saúde Pública (12,6%) e Outras (10,8%). Evidencia-se que 51,4% dos nutricionistas atuam no município de Florianópolis, 8,1% em Balneário Camboriú e 8,1% em Blumenau. A maioria dos egressos está filiada aos Conselhos Regionais de Nutricionistas e um grande contingente (84,7%) ao Conselho Regional de Nutricionistas da segunda região, mas vinculam-se à Associação Catarinense de Nutrição apenas 27,5% dos egressos. CONCLUSÃO: Esta investigação vem confirmar a migração profissional entre as áreas de atuação do nutricionista prevista em estudos anteriores. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the profile of nutrition graduates from Federal University of Santa Catarina, in Brazil, in the period from 1983 to 2000, aiming to identify the areas and cities of professional performance and the indexes of accomplishment of postgradua [...] te degrees, as well as to observe the affiliation to the class associations. METHODS: The methodology consisted of the application of a self-answer questionnaire, previously tested, which was sent to the nutritionists through mail, electronic addresses and fax. For data analysis, the Microsoft Access program was used. RESULTS: The areas of performance that absorb most of this professional resource are Collective Feeding (28.9%), Clinical Nutrition (27.0%), Teaching (20.7%), Public Health (12.6%) and Others (10.8%). It was found that 51.4% of the nutritionists work in the city of Florianópolis, 8.1% in Balneário Camboriú and 8.1% in Blumenau. The great majority of graduates are associated with the Regional Council of Nutritionists and a great contingent (84.7%) with the Regional Council of Nutritionists of the second region, but only 27.5% of the nutritionists have joined the Santa Catarina Nutrition Association. CONCLUSION: This investigation confirmed the professional migration among the areas of performance foreseen in previous studies.
1. Part: The dose rate of terrestrial gamma radiation was measured in a narrow grid for West Germany between 1972 and 1974 and for East Germany between 1994 and 1996. The results were now connected to a survey for all Germany. The average population weighted dose rate (photon dose equivalent rate) of terrestrial gamma radiation outdoors amounts to 57 nSv/h. 2. Part: Since the 70ies, investigations on the determination's exposure to radiation by radon and its progeny have been carried out in Germany. Of topical interest is the radon concentration in buildings and especially in dependence on the radon potential in the geological subsoil. Abstracts for two separate articles are prepared. (orig./SR)
...The increased FMAP rates apply during a recession adjustment period that was originally...111-226 amended ARRA to extend the recession adjustment period to June 30, 2011 and...the last two quarters of the extended recession adjustment period, and changed the...
...The increased FMAP rates apply during a recession adjustment period that was originally...111-226 amended ARRA to extend the recession adjustment period to June 30, 2011 and...the last two quarters of the extended recession adjustment period, and changed the...
...investing in any debt instrument that is rated below...upon their current internal credit risk assessment...thereby could help ensure consistency and rigor in the analysis...its credit analysis: Internal or external credit...for like financial instruments; loss...
Community Coll. of Rhode Island, Warwick.
This report provides data on career and transfer outcomes of 1997 graduates from the Community College of Rhode Island (CCRI). A brief preface explains that surveys were distributed to 1,551 graduates from 1997, with a total response rate of 84.8 percent (n=1,315). Results from the survey indicate that, with small exception, 1997 graduates are…
Warner, Jeremy L; Alterovitz, Gil; Bodio, Kelly; Joyce, Robin M
Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly useful for health services research. For relatively uncommon conditions, such as multiple myeloma (MM) and its treatment-related complications, a combination of multiple EHR sources is essential for such research. The Shared Health Research Information Network (SHRINE) enables queries for aggregate results across participating institutions. Development of a rational search strategy in SHRINE may be augmented through analysis of pre-existing databases. We developed a SHRINE query for likely non-infectious treatment-related complications of MM, based upon an analysis of the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care (MIMIC II) database. Using this query strategy, we found that the rate of likely treatment-related complications significantly increased from 2001 to 2007, by an average of 6% a year (p=0.01), across the participating SHRINE institutions. This finding is in keeping with increasingly aggressive strategies in the treatment of MM. This proof of concept demonstrates that a staged approach to federated queries, using external EHR data, can yield potentially clinically meaningful results. PMID:23515788
Cheah, J S; Ho, T M; Ng, B Y
The Medical School in Singapore was founded on 3 July 1905 and named the Straits and Federated Malay States Government Medical School. There were 23 students in the first enrollment; 16 students attended the full course, while 7 attended a 2-year course for hospital assistants. The pioneer group of 7 that graduated in May 1910 (the Magnificent Seven) consisted of Drs Chen Su Lan, Edwin Williborod deCruz, and John Gnanapragasam from Singapore; Drs Willie Carnegie and Mark W Chill from Penang; Dr SR Krishnan from Seramban and Dr John Scott Lee from Ipoh. In December 1910, a further 6 students graduated. Of this first batch of 13 graduates in 1910, we describe the careers of 6; no records exist of the remaining 7. PMID:16010376
Nowell, Arthur R. M.; Hollister, Charles D.
Graduate education, student quality, stipend support, and subsequent employment form a triad of concern to many oceanographers. While the number of graduate degree programs in oceanography in the U.S. exceeds 50, remarkably few data are available on numbers of student applications, student survival rates, the quality of the applicants and accepted students, and their subsequent employment.Consequently, most discussions within an institution are based on data from a single school, while most statements made to federal government program managers by scientists are based on personal perceptions and feelings. With the emerging global initiatives, which are very labor intensive, it appears appropriate to ask, “Is there an impending crisis in graduate education in oceanography?” Widespread concern about availability of new talent, the quality of incoming students, and the overall national crisis in science and engineering student recruitment has led many scientists to state that oceanography has widespread problems in terms of student numbers and, more importantly, quality. Often, when a scientist does not find a student in the spring application rites, the scientist declares there is a national shortage of well-qualified students. Moreover, in certain subdisciplines of the field (e.g., physical oceanography) the crisis is perceived as severe and immediate, though as we shall see, physical oceanography is in an improving mode and is also experiencing an interesting increase in the numbers of well-qualified women applicants.
Chai Lee Goi
Full Text Available The main objective of this research is to study the valuable of Curtin University of Technology Sarawak’s graduates in 2006, as well as to study graduates’ perception and recommendation on programs offered. Questionnaires were distributed to School of Business and School of Engineering’s graduates before the Graduation Ceremony held on 11th May 2006 at the Imperial Hall, Mega Hotel. The study found that the employment rate is 64.9% in 2006. Unemployment rate dropped from 36% in 2004 to 25.3% in 2005 and then increased to 35.1% in 2006, however, from this unemployment group, it is found that 58.5% was ‘Still seeking for work’ scenario, while 32.3% took a break, 6.2% further studies, 1.5% choose not to work and 1.5% find difficult in getting a suitable job. The study also shows that around 69.17% of the Curtin’s graduate salary ranges are between RM1000 – RM1500 and RM1500 – RM1800. Related to graduates’ perception on the university, majority of students are very satisfied with the program offered by the school and even like to recommend their family members to study in this institution. However, number of recommendations was provided by the graduates to improve the quality of the programs. The program to be more relevant to the needs of the industry, especially industry training and practical work experiences, constant visitation to industry workplaces for better learning, applications towards theoretical components and increased contemporary knowledge currently practiced at the workplace to be brought into the classroom.
Linn, Patricia L.; Ferguson, Jane
Career histories of 73 graduates of Antioch College's liberal arts co-op program, 1946-55, showed an average of 6.5 jobs before retirement and high rates of self-employment. Those with low performance in cooperative education were much more likely to have earned graduate degrees. Self-employed graduates had more varied jobs and retired later. (SK)
Hinchliffe, Geoffrey William; Jolly, Adrienne
This paper develops the concept of graduate identity as a way of deepening the understanding of graduate employability. It does this through presenting research in which over 100 employers in East Anglia were asked to record their perceptions of graduates in respect of their employability. The findings suggest a composite and complex graduate…
Federal Student Aid, US Department of Education, 2012
Federal student aid comes from the federal government--specifically, the U.S. Department of Education. It's money that helps a student pay for higher education expenses (i.e., college, career school, or graduate school expenses). Federal student aid covers such expenses as tuition and fees, room and board, books and supplies, and transportation.…
Engle, Jennifer; Theokas, Christina
Nearly all high school seniors today aspire to pursue higher education because they know that a college degree offers them the best opportunity to realize the American Dream. Indeed, college-going rates are up considerably for all students over the last 30 years. At the same time, however, racial gaps in degree attainment actually have grown, even…
Many political issues like abortion, gay marriage or assisted suicide are strongly contested because individuals have preferences not only over their own choice but also about other individuals? actions. How should society decide these issues? This paper compares three regimes (centralization, decentralization and federalism) in an economy where individuals choose their residence and vote over a single-dimensional regulatory policy at the regional and national level. The main results are: (i)...
Rich, Eugene C.; Liebow, Mark; Srinivasan, Malathi; Parish, David; Wolliscroft, James O.; Fein, Oliver; Blaser, Robert
The past decade has seen ongoing debate regarding federal support of graduate medical education, with numerous proposals for reform. Several critical problems with the current mechanism are evident on reviewing graduate medical education (GME) funding issues from the perspectives of key stakeholders. These problems include the following: substantial interinstitutional and interspecialty variations in per-resident payment amounts; teaching costs that have not been recalibrated since 1983; no c...
... this? Submit What's this? Submit Button Graduated Driver Licensing Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) systems are proven to reduce teen crashes ...
Olson, Carol M.
Any systematic, centralized effort devoted to recruitment at the graduate level is relatively uncommon. The essential components of any sound marketing effort include research, strategic planning, communications, and evaluation. The future of graduate recruiting is discussed. (MLW)
Varner, Kendra D; Leeds, Ruth A
As evidence of the effectiveness of these programs grows, nurse leaders feel the pressure to establish high-quality, yet cost-effective graduate nurse transition programs. In 2009, the authors developed an innovative program by incorporating transition theory, research results, stakeholder involvement, and the recommendations of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing. The graduate nurse residency program yielded positive outcomes, including stakeholder satisfaction and high retention rates. PMID:23061408
Wisconsin Univ. System, Madison.
This reports presents data on college freshman retention and graduation in the University of Wisconsin (UW) System. The four sections of text and data tables examine: trends in retention and graduation rates for the period 1977-98; graduation and retention rates by new freshman characteristics (high school quartile, entry age, race/ethnicity,…
Hynes, Geraldine E.; Bhatia, Vinita
Surveys 255 graduate business students, 86% of them employed, regarding a core course they had taken in managerial communication. Presents findings regarding the most highly rated course topics, topics rated least important, and the most frequently suggested additional topics. (SR)
Li, Ian W; Awofeso, Niyi
Little information is available on the public health workforce. This study contributes to the gap in the literature and examines the demographic characteristics, career destinations and earnings of Masters in Public Health (MPH) graduates in Australia, using data from the 1999-2009 waves of the Graduate Destination Survey. It was found that public health graduates had a high amount of female representation and very low proportions of indigenous representation. Public health graduates experienced a relatively low unemployment rate and 85% were employed within 120 days of graduation. However, close to half of the graduates did not work in the health industry or in health-related roles. The mean salaries of public health graduates working in public health roles were relatively low compared to those in other occupations, but they had a range comparable to that observed for public health professionals in the USA and were higher than those of other Masters graduates in some other health fields. The results indicate strong demand and positive employment prospects for public health graduates in Australia. Strategies to target recruitment and/or retention of female or indigenous graduates in the public health workforce should be a priority. Mapping of public health graduate destinations and employment prospects should might be prioritised, given its strong potential to facilitate workforce planning and provide potential public health workers with more comprehensive career trajectories. PMID:23782503
...2010-10-01 false Federal financial participation (FFP). 1007.19 Section 1007.19 Public Health...UNITS § 1007.19 Federal financial participation (FFP). (a) Rate of FFP. Subject to the limitation of this...
Bech, Morten L.; Atalay, Enghin
The recent turmoil in global financial markets underscores the importance of the federal funds market as a means of distributing liquidity throughout the financial system and a tool for implementing monetary policy. In this paper, we explore the network topology of the federal funds market. We find that the network is sparse, exhibits the small-world phenomenon, and is disassortative. In addition, reciprocity loans track the federal funds rate, and centrality measures are useful predictors of...
The Feds on the Web site was developed by the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis to provide easy access to information from the Federal Reserve System. At the site, visitors may link to each of the twelve Federal Reserve Banks and Board of Governors via a short list of unique types of information available at each site. A map of the Federal Reserve districts, mailing addresses and phone numbers are also available at the site.
This paper reports that, so far, Congress has provided about $1.3 billion toward construction of the Superconducting Super Collider and is now considering the President's request for another $650 million for fiscal year 1993. GAO testified that several factors could delay the project, increase its cost to the U.S. government, or reduce potential benefits. GAO believes that, as the investment increases and construction advances, it is more likely that project funding will continue even if costs increase and other countries do not help pay for it. Accordingly, correcting the problems cited by GAO and obtaining firm funding commitments from other nations are necessary to protect the U.S. investment in the project. Continuation of federal funding could also be made contingent on the Department of Energy putting in place an integrated cost and schedule system, assessing the impact on the domestic economy of using foreign subcontractors, and obtaining firm commitments for contributions for other nations by a certain date
U.S. Department of Justice
Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.
Professores e Gestores: análise do perfil das Competências Gerenciais dos coordenadores de pós-graduação das Instituições Federais de Ensino Superior (IFES do RS [Lecturers and Managers: an analysis of the profile of managerial competencies of the post-graduation coordinators of Federal Institutions of Higher Education (IEFS in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Breno Augusto Diniz Pereira
Full Text Available A área educacional universitária tem buscado maior profissionalização de seus cargos administrativos a partir da necessidade de conciliar a gestão administrativa, pedagógica, acadêmica e científica. Dessa forma, o presente estudo tem como objetivo verificar o perfil de Competências Gerenciais dos coordenadores dos Programas de Pós-Graduação das Instituições Federais de Ensino Superior (IFES do Rio Grande do Sul, identificando se os mesmos possuem características que de acordo com a teoria são as consideradas ideais para administrar as atribuições do cargo que deverão desempenhar. Para tal, foi utilizado o modelo teórico de Gary Yukl, publicado em 1998. Esse modelo divide o perfil de Competências Gerenciais entre administrar tarefas e administrar relações. Foi construído um questionário com base na referida teoria. Esse questionário foi validado por meio de uma análise fatorial exploratória. O total de cursos de pós-graduação no Rio Grande do Sul, nas modalidades lato sensu e stricto sensu, foi pesquisado. O questionário foi enviado para 261 coordenadores, obtendo um retorno de 163 questionários, sendo 161 considerados válidos para a análise. As análises estatísticas da relação entre a área de conhecimento e o perfil de Competência Gerencial demonstraram que as áreas com características mais racionais e “científicas” estão mais relacionadas aos construtos que direcionam para administração do trabalho e/ou execução de tarefas. Enquanto que as áreas com características mais subjetivas, como as Humanas, apresentam uma relação mais forte com os construtos sobre administrar relações interpessoais. Já os testes sobre a relação entre as universidades e o perfil de competências identificaram características específicas entre administração de relações ou administração do trabalho. --- Lecturers and Managers: an analysis of the profile of managerial competencies of the post-graduation coordinators of Federal Institutions of Higher Education (IEFS in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil --- Abstract --- The university education area has sought a greater professionalization of the administrative positions from the need to reconcile the administrative, educational, academic and scientific management. Thus, this study has the purpose of checking the management skills of the coordinators which are in the Program of Post-Graduate at Federal Institutions (IFES in Portuguese in Rio Grande do Sul, identifying whether they have characteristics that according to the theory considered ideals for the position they should play. For this, we used the theoretical model of Gary Yukl, published in 1998. This model divides the profile of managerial skills into managing tasks and manages relationships. A questionnaire was constructed based on the theory referred and it was validated through an exploratory factor analysis. We examined the total number of postgraduate courses in Rio Grande do Sul. The questionnaire was send to 261 coordinators, obtaining the response of 163, being just 161 considerate valid to analysis. The statistical analysis between the area of knowledge and managerial competence profile demonstrated that the areas with a more rational expertise are more related to the constructs that lead to labor management and/ or performing tasks. While areas with more subjective characteristics, such as Humanities, showed the strongest relationship with the constructs of interpersonal relations. But the tests on the relationship between universities and the profile of skills identified specific characteristics between relationship management and administration work.
Butler, Daniel G.
Mailed questionnaires administered to employers of graduates and to graduates of the Ontario Veterinary College in 2000 and 2001, 7 to 10 months after convocation, surveyed new graduate performance in the workplace. Proficiency at 9 species-specific (in 4 practice contexts) and 7 nonspecies-specific clinical activities were rated as “high,” “some,” or “low.” Fifteen nonvocation- specific attributes, reflecting interpersonal, communication, and business skills, and the new graduate...
Johnson, Matthew T.
This paper adds to the understanding of student decisions about graduate school attendance by studying the magnitude of the effect of business cycle fluctuations on enrollment. I use data on graduate school enrollment from the Current Population Survey and statewide variation in unemployment rates across time to proxy for changes in business cycle…
Community Coll. of Rhode Island, Warwick.
In 1990, a study was conducted of graduates of the Community College of Rhode Island (CCRI) to determine their educational and career pursuits after leaving CCRI. Survey responses were obtained from 975 of the 1,213 CCRI graduates from 1989, constituting an 80% response rate. Study findings for the class as a whole indicated that of the 975…
Allen, Marcia T.
Between December 1987 and March 1988, a study was conducted at the Community College of Rhode Island (CCRI) to determine the employment and educational status of students who graduated from the college in 1987. The study used mail and telephone surveys and obtained an 89.5% response rate from the 371 CCRI graduates. Study findings included the…
US Department of Education, 2006
Every eligible program, including graduate programs, must have a defined academic year. Award limits are generally connected to a period of time. For instance, all of the programs except Federal Work-Study have a maximum amount that can be awarded for an academic year or award year. This handbook is a resource for learning about Federal Student…
A survey was conducted to determine the immediate plans of the 1,545 students who graduated from the Community College of Rhode Island (CCRI) in 1984. Study findings, based on a response rate of 62%, included the following: (1) the 1984 graduates had a higher percentage of females than the overall college enrollment, with women making up nearly…
Bakshis, R. D.
In order to ascertain how successful graduates of the College of DuPage were in attaining their original academic goals, questionnaires were mailed to 943 graduates five years after their graduation in 1973. Response rate was 26%. Survey findings revealed that: (1) of the 223 respondents, 76% felt they had been "very successful" in attaining their…
Using data on 11,000 graduate students from 100 departments over a 20 year period, I test whether graduate student outcomes (graduation rates, time to degree, publication success, and initial job placement) differ based on a student's gender and marital status. I find that married men have better outcomes across every measure than single men.…
Key facts and figures about the labour market for new graduates in the UK were published recently in the IES Annual Graduate Review 1998-99, which indicates that the demand for graduates amongst the traditional recruiters has continued to grow steadily, along with reports of recruitment difficulties. It is noteworthy that last year one in three graduates went into fixed-term or temporary appointments, while many of those who took up permanent jobs went into lower level work that did not make use of their graduate skills. Many graduates are taking more than a year, and sometimes up to three years, to find their way into permanent jobs and careers. Those graduating in computer science, engineering and mathematics, medicine and related subjects, or education have been the most likely to gain high level managerial, professional or technical jobs and have the lowest unemployment rates. In contrast, those with biological science, humanities, social sciences or creative arts degrees are most likely to be unemployed initially. Many new graduates commenced their jobs by earning salaries in the range Â£10 000-15 000, but they should of course continue to earn more than those lesser qualified, as well as having lower unemployment rates. Of the 400 000 students who graduated in 1998 (more than double the total of a decade ago), over half had first degrees and the rest undergraduate or postgraduate qualifications. Despite the growth, entry to the physical sciences, engineering and technology has been falling, as has the proportion on sandwich courses. Women now comprise the majority of entrants to first degrees but remain under-represented in mathematics, physical science and engineering or technology courses. Interestingly more than one in three students now has a paid job during their course; such work experience can be beneficial to their long-term job searches. In the longer term, numbers of graduates are expected to stay broadly constant over the next three years, followed by a slight growth in numbers. It is expected that the rising demand for graduates will be maintained but the number of openings for new graduates will not grow sufficiently quickly to absorb the higher numbers actually graduating. With the costs of a degree rising and the returns falling, students would be advised to be increasingly flexible in their investment in higher education and should view the long-term career options. Employers, on the other hand, will have the challenge of recruiting graduates with the right skills and competencies. Those in the greatest demand will combine intellectual with personal attributes and skills in areas such as team-working, motivation and communication, as well as the ability to continue learning. Such attributes will also be important for those in technical areas where good specialist knowledge will rarely be enough. Working and communicating with nonspecialist customers and colleagues is required more and more. Employers should also be focusing on their actual needs in recruits and what they can offer by way of jobs and careers, so that a more realistic match between recruits and jobs, with better long-term performance and retention, ensues. IES Annual Graduate Review 1998-99: the Key Facts by R Pearson et al (IES Report 354, January 1999, ISBN 1 85184 283 7) costs Â£27.50 and is obtainable from Grantham Book Services, Isaac Newton Way, Alma Park Industrial Estate, Grantham NG31 9SD (fax: 01476 541061).
INTRODUCTION: Irish dental graduates are eligible to enter general dental practice immediately after qualification. Unlike their United Kingdom counterparts, there is no requirement to undertake vocational training (VT) or any pre-registration training. VT is a mandatory 12-month period for all UK dental graduates who wish to work within the National Health Service. It provides structured, supervised experience in training practices and through organised study days. AIMS: This study aimed to profile the career choices made by recent dental graduates from UCC. It aimed to record the uptake of VT and associate posts, and where the graduates gained employment. METHODOLOGY: A self-completion questionnaire was developed and circulated electronically to recent graduates from UCC. An existing database of email addresses was used and responses were returned by post or by email. A copy of the questionnaire used is included as Appendix 1. RESULTS: Questionnaires were distributed over an eight-week period and 142 were returned, giving a response rate of 68.90%. Responses were gathered from those who graduated between 2001 and 2007; however, the majority came from more recent classes. Overall, the majority of graduates took up associate positions after qualification (71.8%) with smaller numbers undertaking VT (28.2%). Increasing numbers have entered VT in recent years, including 54.3% from the class of 2007. Overall, the majority of graduates initially took up positions in England (43%); however, in recent times more have been employed in Scotland. Subsequent work profiles of the graduates illustrate that the majority are now working as associates in general practice (51.4%) and in Ireland (54.2%). CONCLUSIONS: There has been an increase in the proportion of UCC graduates undertaking VT. Graduates tended to move away from Ireland initially to gain employment. There has been a shift away from employment in England towards Scotland where the majority of new UCC graduates are now initially employed. The majority of graduates returned to Ireland for employment after the initial move away.
The profile of Dentistry students at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul and expectations regarding the profession, 2010-2011 / O perfil do formando em Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul e expectativas quanto à profissão, 2010-2011
Fernando Stumpf, BÖCKMANN; Bruna Barnard, MOTTA; Jerônymo Maciel, CAMARGO; Paulo Cauhy, PETRY; Ramona Fernanda Ceriotti, TOASSI.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar o perfil sociodemográfico dos formandos em Odontologia na Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2010-2011, os motivos que os levaram a optar pela Odontologia, satisfação com o curso, bem como perspectivas de [...] trabalho e de pós-graduação. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal observacional com formandos em Odontologia, turmas 2010-2/ 2011-1 (n=76, taxa de resposta 90,5%). Coleta de dados aconteceu pela aplicação de questionário pré-testado, estruturado e anônimo. Resultados foram agrupados em tabelas e gráficos por meio da distribuição de frequência das variáveis investigadas (análise descritiva), com auxílio do programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) para Windows versão 17.0. Estudo aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (18249). RESULTADOS: Os formandos em Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, turmas 2010-2/2011-1, eram, em sua maioria, mulheres, jovens, solteiros, sem filhos, naturais do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, com renda familiar mensal de 10 a 20 salários mínimos e sem a presença de dentistas na família. Mais de 90% desses estudantes estavam satisfeitos com a opção pela Odontologia. Optaram pelo curso especialmente pela realização pessoal e profissional, seguida pela segurança e tranquilidade no futuro, posição social e conforto financeiro. A maior parte dos estudantes avaliou o curso como bom ou ótimo. Pretendem, em sua maioria, trabalhar tanto no serviço público quanto no privado e fazer pós-graduação, principalmente especialização. CONCLUSÃO: Resultados identificaram o perfil do formando em Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, turmas 2010-2/2011-1. Recomenda-se o acompanhamento permanente dos formandos como importante instrumento de monitoramento tanto dos estudantes quanto do desenvolvimento do currículo integrado vigente. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: We analyze the socio-demographic profile of the dentistry graduates at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2010-2011, the reasons which led them to choose Dentistry, appreciation for the course, as well as job [...] prospects and Graduate studies. METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational study Dentistry graduates, classes of 2010-2/ 2011-1 (n=76, 90.5% response rate). Data collection took place through the giving of a structured and anonymous pre-tested questionnaire. Results were grouped in tables and graphs by means of the distribution of the frequency of variables studied (descriptive analysis), with the assistance of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows 17.0. This Study was approved by the Committee on Ethics in Research of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (18249). RESULTS: The classes of 2010-2/ 2011-1 Dentistry Graduates of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, were, in their majority, women, young, single, childless, natives of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, with a monthly salary income of 10 to 20 minimum salaries and without the presence of dentists in the family. More than 90% of these students were satisfied with the choice of Dentistry. They opted for the course especially due to personal as well as professional success, followed by security and peace of mind and financial comfort. The great part of the students evaluated the course as good or excellent. They intend, as a majority, to work in the public service as well as private practice and graduate work, particularly, specialization. CONCLUSION: Results identified the profile of the classes of 2010-2/ 2011-1 Dentistry graduate of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, classes of 2010-2/2011-1. It has been recommended that there be a permanent follow up of the graduates as an important instrument for monitoring the students as well as the development of the current integrated curriculum.
...have obtained a current indirect cost rate agreement from its cognizant agency...a federally recognized indirect cost rate agreement, the Secretary may permit...a federally recognized indirect cost rate agreement applicable to the...
Professores e gestores: análise do perfil das competÊncias gerenciais dos coordenadores de pós-graduação das Instituições Federais de Ensino Superior (IFES) do RS, Brasil / Lecturers and managers: an analysis of the profile of managerial competencies of the post-graduation coordinators of Federal Institutions of Higher Education (IEFS) in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Carolina Freddo, Fleck; Breno Augusto Diniz, Pereira.
Full Text Available A área educacional universitária tem buscado maior profissionalização de seus cargos administrativos a partir da necessidade de conciliar a gestão administrativa, pedagógica, acadêmica e científica. Dessa forma, o presente estudo tem como objetivo verificar o perfil de Competências Gerenciais dos co [...] ordenadores dos Programas de Pós-Graduação das Instituições Federais de Ensino Superior (IFES) do Rio Grande do Sul. Para tal, foi utilizado o modelo teórico de Gary Yukl, publicado em 1998, que divide o perfil de Competências Gerenciais entre administrar tarefas e administrar relações. Foi construído um questionário com base na referida teoria, e validado por meio de uma análise fatorial exploratória. O questionário foi enviado para 261 coordenadores, obtendo um retorno de 161 considerados válidos para a análise. As análises estatísticas demonstraram que as áreas com características mais racionais e "científicas" estão mais relacionadas aos construtos que direcionam para administração do trabalho e/ou execução de tarefas, enquanto que as áreas com características mais subjetivas, apresentam uma relação mais forte com os construtos sobre administrar relações interpessoais. Já os testes sobre a relação entre as universidades e o perfil de competências identificaram características específicas entre administração de relações ou administração do trabalho. Abstract in english University education has sought greater professionalization of the administrative positions given the need to reconcile administrative, educational, academic and scientifi c management. Thus, this study aims to identify the management skills of the coordinators who lead Programs of Post-Graduation a [...] t Federal Institutions (IFES in Portuguese) in Rio Grande do Sul. We identify whether they have the characteristics that in theory are considered ideal for the position they play. For this, we used the theoretical model of Gary Yukl (1998). This model divides the profile of managerial skills into managing tasks and relationships. A questionnaire was constructed based on this theory and it was validated through exploratory factor analysis. We examined the total number of postgraduate courses in Rio Grande do Sul. The questionnaire was send to 261 coordinators, obtaining 163 responses, just 161of which were considered valid for analysis. The statistical analysis between the area of knowledge and managerial competence profile demonstrated that the areas with a more rational expertise are more related to the constructs that lead to labor management and/ or performing tasks. While areas with more subjective characteristics, such as Humanities, showed the strongest relationship with the constructs of interpersonal relations. However, the tests about the relationship between universities and the profile of skills identifi ed specific characteristics between relationship management and administration work.
Siemens is an international company acting in different domains: power generation, communication and information, traffic, health, etc. To be more flexible and active in a world in constant evolution, the company proposes a graduate program where young people with a special background have the possibility to start an international career in all the domains of activity. This graduate program is especially important in the domain of nuclear energy, where the know-how transfer between the previous generation and the new one is a constant point of interest. This article presents the conditions to be accepted in this graduate program, and the supplementary training supporting this program. The Siemens graduate program (Sg) proposes a global concept with a main emphasis being international. (authors)
Kramer, Karen L.
Presents five vocational graduates who have become successful entrepreneurs. Their businesses include an ice cream parlor, an investment service, a dog grooming business, microcomputer program manufacturing, and high-fashion clothing and cosmetics for problem skin. (JOW)
Williams, Allan F; Mayhew, Daniel R
Although graduated driver licensing has successfully reduced the young driver problem in Canada and the U.S., this is still a major problem and more needs to be done. This article discusses what new measures are needed to further reduce the problem. To make graduated licensing work better, laws need strengthening; compliance needs to be enhanced through evidence-based programs involving parents, police, and adolescents; and consideration needs to be given to strengthening testing requirements. A major challenge is to integrate driver education with graduated licensing, and suggestions for doing so are provided here. There are many opportunities for building on the initial gains derived from present-day graduated systems. Taking advantage of these opportunities is likely to result in substantial crash reductions. PMID:18702990
Federal Reserve Bulletin is a monthly publication written and compiled by staff members of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, reporting and analyzing economic developments, data, and bank regulatory issues.
The Federal Medication (FedMed) interagency collaboration is organizing an agreed set of standard, comprehensive, freely and easily accessible Federal Medication Terminologies (FMT) to improve the exchange and public availability of medication information.
Dr. Abdul Farouk Ahmed
Full Text Available This paper attempts to clarify the employability construct as it relates to competitive organisation. The major purpose of the paper is in promoting awareness of the need for curriculum reform directed at improving employability of graduates. Unemployment of graduates or underemployment of university graduates is a gross waste that no nation can afford. Past studies have focused in identifying the reasons for the large unemployment of graduates. Jobstreet, a Malaysian employment agency conducted a survey of human resource personnel and bosses in 2005, and they reported that the major reasons for unemployment in Malaysia were: · Weak English - 56% · Bad Social Etiquette - 36% · Demand too much pay - 32% · Degrees not relevant - 30% · Fresh graduates too choosy - 23% · No vacancies - 14% In Nigeria, Tim Akano, Chief Executive Officer of New Horizon Training Institute, told BusinessDay, an interview in Lagos, that the high rate of unemployment was because of the lack of appropriate skilled manpower to fill job vacancies. He said there are people changing jobs almost every four months whereas others have been looking for jobs since the last five years. He reasoned that this was so because of the type of skills they have. He pointed out that there was a mismatch between what tertiary institutions produce and what employers need. Even in UK, it has been reported that there are mismatchs between what industry needs and what graduates are qualified in. One - in - 12 graduates from courses, including fine arts, drama, dance and music were not in work or further study six months after leaving university (Graeme Paton, Education Editor -3rd July 2008. The curriculum reform recommendations of the paper are based on the experiments of R.E.Boyatizis and his aasociates in the Weatherhead School of Management (WSOM at Case western Reserve University (l980 and the Princples of Andragogy defined by Knowles (1986.
Bech, Morten L.; Klee, Elizabeth
To combat the financial crisis that intensified in the fall of 2008, the Federal Reserve injected a substantial amount of liquidity into the banking system. The resulting increase in reserve balances exerted downward price pressure in the federal funds market, and the effective federal funds rate began to deviate from the target rate set by the Federal Open Market Committee. In response, the Federal Reserve revised its operational framework for implementing monetary policy and began to pay in...
Ferreira, Maria M.
Investigators have developed various explanations for the under-representation of women in science. While some feminist scholars postulate that the Western practices of scientific inquiry make their pursuit by females unattractive, others have investigated various aspects of the education process and their influence in students' interest in science. Research indicates that women continue to drop out of science even after choosing a science major. This trend continues in graduate school. However, few researchers have tried to examine, in a comprehensive manner, the various factors that may contribute to student attrition, particularly female, from graduate science programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of graduate students on their work environment in two science departments. Quantitative and qualitative methodologies were used to determine gender and departmental differences in students' perspectives in four areas: (1) the nature of science, (2) students' relationships with their colleagues, (3) students' relationships with their advisors, and (4) students' perceptions of the overall environment in their departments. Results of the study include: (a) female and male students entered graduate school with comparable levels of self-confidence and undergraduate GPAs; (b) female and male students maintained comparable GPAs during their stay in the program and spent equal number of hours doing research in their laboratories; (c) while in graduate school female students experienced a significantly greater decrease in self-confidence than their male colleagues; (d) the attrition rate among female students was significantly greater than among their male counterparts; (e) in general, female students perceived their working environment more negatively than their male colleagues; and (f) the science department with the highest overall graduate student attrition rate (36% vs. 22%) also had a smaller percentage of female students (30% vs. 43%) and female faculty (0% vs. 19%), and was seen by female students, but not by male students or by faculty, as a less supportive environment.
In 1999, the Federal Financial Assistance Management Improvement Act was passed in order to force the development of federal electronic grant processing. A result of the legislation, the Federal Commons portal gives "grantees (state and local governments, universities, small businesses, etc.) full service grants processing across all functions in the grant life cycle." While providing only an entrance to various grant institutions and services, the Federal Commons helps to eliminate the maze-like trail that multi-grant projects sometimes must travel to get to grant proposal Web sites. Most physical sciences researchers will find relevant federal departments listed under the Science and Technology link.
...Agricultural Mortgage Corporation Governance and Federal Agricultural Mortgage...made to stressed historical corporate bond default and recovery...based solely on historical corporate bond default and recovery...by stressing the historical corporate bond loss rates to...
Adrian, Tobias; Kimbrough, Karin; Marchioni, Dina
The Federal Reserve created the Commercial Paper Funding Facility (CPFF) in the midst of severe disruptions in money markets following the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers on September 15, 2008. The CPFF finances the purchase of highly rated unsecured and asset-backed commercial paper from eligible issuers via primary dealers. The CPFF was a liquidity backstop to U.S. issuers of commercial paper, and its creation was part of a range of policy actions undertaken by the Federal Reserve to provide ...
...Requirements Referencing Credit Ratings The recently enacted...provides Federal agencies with one year to...In place of such credit-rating based requirements, an agency is instructed to...standards for determining credit-worthiness....
Lynch, David M.; Bowker, Lee H.
The responsibility for graduate education and the power and authority structure among graduate deans, college or school deans, departments, and faculty were studied using a sample of 338 schools. Attention was directed to the following concerns: institutional characteristics that are related to the organization and administration of graduate…
SIEMENS is an international company acting in various domains: power generation, communication and information, traffic, health...etc. To increase flexibility and activity in a world in constant evolution, the company proposes a graduate program where young people with a special background have the possibility to start an international career in one of the different business areas. This graduate program is also very important in the domain of nuclear energy, where the know-how transfer between the previous generation and the new one is a constant point of interest. (author)
...regarding credit ratings. Subsequent...requires Federal agencies to modify...on credit ratings and to substitute...standard of credit-worthiness...Federal agencies must seek...cost of a credit rating, which is...the rating agency. C....
Kumar, Santosh; Zayapragassarazan, Z.
Modern curricula have both compulsory portions and electives or portions chosen by students. Electives have been a part of graduate and postgraduate general higher education. Electives are included in various standards for graduate medical education and are also included in proposed Medical Council of India Regulations on Graduate Medical…
Phillips, Kenneth H.
This essay on graduate music education is in response to an article by David Hebert on challenges and solutions in online music teacher education that appeared in the online journal, "Research and Issues in Music Education," 5(1). The author found the article stimulating because so little has been written on the topic of music teacher education at…
Greece has today the highest youth unemployment rate in the EU-27 while employment precariousness is disproportionately concentrated among young workers. Youth unemployment and employment precariousness are extremely high even among higher education graduates, generating a very long period of transition from education to work. Protracted transition calls for the development of diverse strategies for successful labour market integration before and after graduation. In this paper we use micro-d...
Knudson, K.; Gutstein, J.
Our presentation introduces our interdisciplinary curriculum that teaches graduate students at our R-1 university to translate their research to general audiences. We also discuss the challenges we have faced and strategies we have employed to broaden graduate education at our campus to include preparation in science communication. Our "Translating Research beyond Academia" curriculum consists of three separate thematically based courses taught over the academic year: Education and Community Outreach, Science Communication and Writing, Communicating with Policy- and Decision-makers. Course goals are to provide professional development training so that graduate students become more capable professionals prepared for careers inside and outside academia while increasing the public understanding of science and technology. Open to graduate students of any discipline, each course meets weekly for two hours; students receive academic credit through a co-sponsoring graduate program. Students learn effective strategies for communicating research and academic knowledge with the media, the general public, youth, stakeholders, and decision- and policy-makers. Courses combine presentations from university and regional experts with hands-on work sessions aimed towards creating effective communications, outreach and policy plans, broader impacts statements, press releases, blogs, and policy briefs. A final presentation and reflections are required. Students may opt for further training through seminars tailored to student need. Initial results of our analyses of student evaluations and work indicate that students appreciate the interdisciplinary, problem-based approach and the low-risk opportunities for learning professional development skills and for exploring non-academic employment. Several students have initiated engaged work in their disciplines, and several have secured employment in campus science communication positions. Two have changed career plans as a direct result of our courses, opting for master's degrees to pursue science communications-related positions. One received a prestigious fellowship in science communication and media. Yet, while we are successful with students, our programs are not without challenges. Our Translating Research interdisciplinary curriculum that encourages students' exploration of non-academic career options can create problems with faculty advisors in the current environment of graduate education; Carnegie scholars and other researchers argue that the traditional master-apprentice system requires a thorough overhaul to address high attrition rates and low rates of academic employment. Secondly, we situated our communications training within our environmental research institute and outside of any graduate program's degree requirements. While this gives access to motivated graduate students and creates enriching interactions within the course context, it presents problems with campus recognition and institutionalization. We are identifying new pathways and exploring the creation of a certificate program through our University Extension. Graduate student perception can also be an issue. Our courses tend to attract a particular kind of graduate student: female, early in her academic career, in the sciences, and interested in a career outside of academia. Attracting more male graduate students to science communication remains a challenge.
Smolka, Adam J.; Halushka, Perry V.; Garrett-Mayer, Elizabeth
Academic medical centers nationwide face numerous fiscal challenges resulting from implementation of restructured healthcare delivery models, contracting state support for higher education, and increased competition for federal and other sources of biomedical research funding. In pursuing greater accountability and transparency in its fiscal operations, the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) has implemented a responsibility centers management budgetary model, which requires all MUSC colleges to be eventually self-sustaining financially. Graduate schools in the biomedical sciences are particularly vulnerable in the face of these challenges, depending traditionally as they do on financial support from training grant tuition, occasional medical school tuition and medical practice plan revenues, graduate college–based revenue-generating programs, and faculty payment of PhD tuition. The revenue streams are often insufficient to support PhD training programs, and supplemental financial support is required from the institution. In the context of a college of graduate studies, estimates of the cost of educating a graduate student become a significant necessity. This study presents a readily applicable model of empirically estimating the faculty salary costs that may provide a basis for budgetary planning that will help to sustain a biomedical sciences graduate school’s commitment to its teaching, research, and service mission goals. PMID:25673355
Vlach, Rosalie B.; Davis, Linda; Vecchiarelli, Marion H.; Fischer, Audrey; Cole, John Y.; Tarr, Susan M.; Carey, Len; Mehnert, Robert; Sherman, Andrew M.; Dunn, Christina
Includes 11 reports from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science; National Technical Information Service; National Archives and Records Administration; Library of Congress; Center for the Book; Federal Library and Information Center Committee; National Agricultural Library; National Library of Medicine; Government Printing…
Notifiable events in systems for fission of nuclear fuels - nuclear power plants and research reactors whose maximum output exceeds 50 kW of thermal normal rating - in the Federal Republic of Germany. Annual report 1994
The report presents a survey of notifiable events in nuclear power plants and research reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany that occurred in the given reporting period. The survey lists notifiable events both according to the German classification system of safety significance, S (immediate notification), E (prompt notification), as well as events classified under the INES system, (level 1 and higher), and notifiable events that have been re-classified after review. (orig.)
Notifiable events in systems for fission of nuclear fuels - nuclear power plants and research reactors whose maximum output exceeds 50 kW of thermal rating - in the Federal Republic of Germany. Third quarterly report 1995
The report presents the survey of notifiable events in nucleus power plants and research reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany that occurred in the period covered. The survey lists notifiable events classified to the German safety significance categories S (immediate notification), category E (prompt notification), and to the international INES categories, as well as events that have been re-classified after review. (orig.)
... (a) General. The OCC examines Federal agencies and Federal...i), respectively, of this chapter) pursuant to the authority...less than $500 million; (ii) Has received a composite...rated “3” or worse; (ii) The results of any...
...any payment of Federal financial assistance received...effect prior to the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement...contingent right to Federal financial assistance that would...included a note bearing a market rate of...
Thirty-nine years ago, I was supposed to be receiving my medical degree from another institution in this city in front of my proud parents. Instead, I was indulging my wanderlust in the mountains of Kashmir. So I know from my own negligent behavior how important it is for the graduates who are here today to give homage to the families that helped you to come as far as you have.
Carr, L D
We address four main areas in which graduate quantum mechanics education in the U.S. can be improved: course content; textbook; teaching methods; and assessment tools. We report on a three year longitudinal study at the Colorado School of Mines using innovations in all four of these areas. In particular, we have modified the content of the course to reflect progress in the field in the last 50 years, use modern textbooks that include such content, incorporate a variety of teaching techniques based on physics education research, and used a variety of assessment tools to study the effectiveness of these reforms. We present a new assessment tool, the Graduate Quantum Mechanics Conceptual Survey, and further testing of a previously developed assessment tool, the Quantum Mechanics Conceptual Survey (QMCS). We find that graduate students respond well to research-based techniques that have previously been tested mainly in introductory courses, and that they learn a great deal of the new content introduced in each ve...
Full Text Available Rates of delay and refusal of recommended childhood vaccines are increasing in many U.S. communities. Children’s health care providers have a strong influence on parents’ knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about vaccines. Provider attitudes towards immunizations vary and affect their immunization advocacy. One factor that may contribute to this variability is their familiarity with vaccine-preventable diseases and their sequelae. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of health care provider year of graduation with vaccines and vaccine-preventable disease beliefs. We conducted a cross sectional survey in 2005 of primary care providers identified by parents of children whose children were fully vaccinated or exempt from one or more school immunization requirements. We examined the association of provider graduation cohort (5 years with beliefs on immunization, disease susceptibility, disease severity, vaccine safety, and vaccine efficacy. Surveys were completed by 551 providers (84.3% response rate. More recent health care provider graduates had 15% decreased odds of believing vaccines are efficacious compared to graduates from a previous 5 year period; had lower odds of believing that many commonly used childhood vaccines were safe; and 3.7% of recent graduates believed that immunizations do more harm than good. Recent health care provider graduates have a perception of the risk-benefit balance of immunization, which differs from that of their older counterparts. This change has the potential to be reflected in their immunization advocacy and affect parental attitudes.
Leonard, Jack; Petta, Katherine; Porter, Christina
Teacher leadership has been studied in the United States for 30 years, but less is known about American graduate programs that purport to prepare teacher leaders. Furthermore, the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 prompted a closer look at teacher effectiveness, which then shifted the definition of teacher leadership and caused some…
This paper addresses higher education graduates' employability in Russia. We seek to find out what demands are placed on graduates by the modern labour market in Russia, in order to know how higher education should perform to prepare the employable professional. The transition from the communist economy to a labour market one generated important transformations on graduate labour market. A quasi-total abolition of the public regulating mechanisms in study to work transition, changes in social...
...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Federal Pell Grant...S. Department of Education. ACTION: Notice of...under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended...specified for the Employment Expense Allowance,...
... reporter feature in the FEMA App (available on Android & Apple ) allows you to take GPS photos in ... Federal Emergency Management Agency U.S. Department of Homeland Security 500 C Street SW, Washington, DC 20472 General ...
The federal government of Canada has developed the Federal Halocarbon Regulations under Part IV of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act. The intent of the regulations is to out into place new control measures for the end-use of Ozone Depleting Substances (OPS) and their halogens alternatives for activities in the federal house. The aims are to minimize releases, require recovery and recycling, establish reporting mechanisms and implement environmental awareness training. Also, the regulations will assist in the development of strategic plans for the use, control and phase-out of ODS and their Halogen alternatives. The regulations address federal departments, crown corporations, agencies and federal works and undertakings. These laws impose requirements on federal activities which are similar to those that provincial governments laws impose on the private sector, thereby closing regulatory gaps between the two levels of government. The laws focus on refrigeration, air conditioning, solvent cleaning, and fire protection systems. The regulated substances include: carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloroform, CFCs, Halon 1301, Halon 2402, bromofluorocarbons, HBFCs, HCFCs, HFCs, and PFCs.
Brown, Daryl R.
Cool storage technology can be used to significantly reduce energy costs by allowing energy-intensive, electrically driven cooling equipment to be predominantly operated during off peak hours when electricity rates are lower. This Federal Technology Alert, which is sponsored by DOE's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), describes the basic types of cool storage technologies and cooling system integration options. In addition, it defines the savings potential in the federal sector, presents application advice, and describes the performance experience of specific federal users. The results of a case study of a GSA building using cool storage technology are also provided.
...c) Undergraduate or combination. If a graduate student is enrolled in both graduate and undergraduate courses concurrently, or...using the provisions of § 21.4272 or the graduate school's assessment of training time,...
Campbell, Jeffrey R.; Evans, Charles L.; Fisher, Jonas D. M.; Justiniano, Alejandro
A large output gap accompanied by stable inflation close to its target calls for further monetary accommodation, but the zero lower bound on interest rates has robbed the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) of the usual tool for its provision. We examine how public statements of FOMC intentions - forward guidance - can substitute for lower rates at the zero bound. We distinguish between Odyssean forward guidance, which publicly commits the FOMC to a future action, and Delphic forward guidanc...
The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis provides this clearinghouse of financial and economic data. Central to this site are the data files, a compendium of hundreds of daily, weekly, monthly, and quarterly time series on financial, monetary, interest rate, producer and consumer price, employment, population, and exchange rate data, among others. In late 1997, FRED began making selected databases available for delivery via email. At present, over 100 files are available in this manner.
Thompson, Mj; Hagopian, A.; Fordyce, M.; Hart, Lg
CONTEXT: The contribution that international medical graduates (IMGs) make to reducing the rural-urban maldistribution of physicians in the United States is unclear. Quantifying the extent of such "gap filling" has significant implications for planning IMG workforce needs as well as other state and federal initiatives to increase the numbers of rural providers. PURPOSE: To compare the practice location of IMGs and US medical graduates (USMGs) practicing in primary care specialties. METHODS: W...
Weintraub, Jeffrey I.
A follow-up study of the graduates of LaGuardia Community College (LCC) classes of 1973 through 1977 was conducted to analyze the salary levels, rates of salary gain over time, employment levels, promotional opportunities, job stability, career paths, and additional education attained by LCC graduates who entered the labor market, continued their…
Morris, Dianna B.; Ussery, Robert M.
This report surveyed all the teacher education majors who graduated from East Carolina University in the Class of 1970, two years after graduation. The questionnaire requested information on educational background, the relevance of the college experience to actual teaching experience, and self-ratings on their traits and abilities as professional…
Langan, Neal P.; Pelissier, Bernadette M. M.
Evaluates the Federal Bureau of Prisons' substance abuse treatment program's effectiveness in reducing prisoner misconduct. Results show that program graduates are 74 percent less likely to engage in misconduct over a 14-month period than a comparison group. This benefit is shared by male and female inmates alike. (Contains 25 references and 2…
Frederick, Allison B.; Schmidt, Stephen J.; Davis, Lewis S.
We estimate the impact of increases in Federal student aid and higher education funding, such as the recently proposed American Graduation Initiative (AGI), on the outcomes of community colleges, including enrollments, list and average tuitions, and educational quality. We develop a reduced form model of state-level education policy in which state…
Peterson, B. [Federated Pipe Lines Ltd, Calgary, AB (Canada)
An overview of Federated Pipe Lines` existing operations was presented. The company, which was created in 1958, has 1,800 miles of pipeline in Alberta and British Columbia with a capacity of 150,000 BPD of oil and 80,000 BPD of natural gas. An extension of the pipeline in northern Alberta and northern British Columbia is planned. Maps showing the existing pipeline and the route of the proposed extensions are included. The proposed pipeline would join Judy Creek Junction in Alberta`s Swan Hills, with The Dunvegan Plant in the Peace River and with the Taylor Plant north of Dawson Creek in British Columbia. 2 figs.
Hickey, Ross David
This dissertation consists of three essays on fiscal federalism. The first essay takes a political economy approach to fiscal centralization, through federation formation. I analyze a simple two region model of federalism with interregional policy spillovers. Departing from a state of independence with decentralized provision of public policy we analyze the proposed formation of a federation to internalize the spillovers. A federation forms when the centralized outcomes satisfy participation ...
Groat, C. G.
Concern about the decreasing number of students entering undergraduate geoscience programs has been chronic and, at times, acute over the past three decades. Despite dwindling populations of undergraduate majors, graduate programs have remained relatively robust, bolstered by international students. With Increasing competition for graduate students by universities in Europe, Japan, Australia, and some developing countries, and with procedural challenges faced by international students seeking entry into the United States and its universities, this supply source is threatened. For corporations operating on a global scale, the opportunity to employ students from and trained in the regions in which they operate is generally a plus. For U.S. universities that have traditionally supplied this workforce, the changing situation poses challenges, but also opportunities for creative international partnerships. Federal government science agencies face more challenges than opportunities in meeting workforce needs under both present and changing education conditions. Restrictions on hiring non-U.S. citizens into the permanent workforce have been a long-standing issue for federal agencies. Exceptions are granted only where they can document the absence of eligible U.S.-citizen candidates. The U.S. Geological Survey has been successful in doing this in its Mendenhall Postdoctoral Research Fellowship Program, but there has been no solution to the broader limitation. Under current and forecast workforce recruitment conditions, creativity, such as that evidenced by the Mendenhall program,will be necessary if federal agencies are to draw from the increasingly international geoscience talent pool. With fewer U.S. citizens in U.S. geoscience graduate programs and a growing number of advanced-degreed scientists coming from universities outside the U.S., the need for changes in federal hiring policies is heightened. The near-term liklihood of this is low and combined with the decline in appeal of the U.S. as a friendly workplace for international scientists, government agencies, universities, and the private sector face geoscience workforce challenges that will continue to grow.
...Federal service. When the employee's right is to a position...position in the SES for which the employee is qualified at not less than the SES rate of basic...534, subpart D at which the employee was being paid...
Omar, Ramli; Khoon, Koh Aik; Hamzah, Mohd Fauzi; Ahmadan, Siti Rohayu
This paper reports on the surveys which were conducted between 2006 and 2008 on graduates' perceptions towards the infrastructure at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). It covered three major aspects pertaining to learning, living and leisure on campus. Eight out of 14 components received overwhelming approval from our graduates. (Contains 1…
Ministry of Education and Culture, Brasilia (Brazil).
The Brazilian National Plan for Graduate Studies aims at achieving a combination of training activities at the graduate level to be developed at the various institutions of higher education and research. The current situation is reviewed in terms of stabilization, performance, and development problems. Objectives and general directives include:…
Created by an act of Congress in 1967, the Federal Judicial Center has served as a clearinghouse of information about the federal court system for four decades. While the Center is physically based in Washington, DC, their website brings information about the court system, its history, and its judges to any interested parties with access to the Internet. From their homepage, visitors can go straight to one of the primary sections, which include "Federal Judicial History", "Publications & Videos", and "Educational Programs & Materials". In the "Publications & Videos" area, visitors can use the search engine to look for specific items of interest, or they can also browse the archive's contents by subject or by date of publication. Recent additions have included the updated second edition of the copyright law statutes to the proceedings of a roundtable discussion on the use of technology to facilitate appearances in bankruptcy proceedings. For most visitors, the "Federal Judicial History" will be of greatest interest, as it contains biographies of federal judges since 1789, the histories of individual courts, and summaries of landmark decisions.
Full Text Available In the academic year 2012-2013, the first graduates completed bachelor study of psychology at Faculty of Arts in University of Ostrava. In 2013 we implemented pilot research on Facebook whose aim was to find out how many of our graduates continue on Master's study of psychology and on which universities, or what is their subsequent employment. Information about later career/study and additional information about previous study in University of Ostrava (OU were obtained from 20 ex-students who graduated in 2013 (100% of graduates. Because these students were the first bachelor's degree graduates in psychology at OU, we completed also additional analyzes (due to the small number of graduates that can be helpful for the further development of the course. Employments and further Master's studies of our graduates in the field of psychology and other humanities was correlated with the exams' results during the study, with the results of final bachelor exam, and results of the admission tests. As we expected, the results of admission tests or continuous exams' during study didn't show to be successful indicator of admission to follow-up Master's studies of psychology. These information however can be useful for further improving of bachelor psychology course in OU. Given that the results of this pilot research are approximate and research continues, the Master's admission results of further classes will be more relevant indicator of the success rate of our bachelor course of psychology. Because University of Ostrava don't have follow-up Master's study of psychology, we perceive as a success of our Department of psychology that 12 of 20 graduates of psychology were taken to the follow-up Master's study, and 9 of them studies follow-up Master's study of psychology at four universities in the Czech and Slovak Republic.
Norbury, Heather; Wong, Manyee; Wan, Yinmei; Reese, Kelly; Dhillon, Sonica; Gerdeman, R. Dean
Recent estimates suggest that of U.S. public high school freshmen in the fall of 2005 24.5 percent did not graduate on time in 2008/09 (Stillwell, Sable, and Plotts 2011). As states and school districts attempt to boost graduation rates, they face the challenge of identifying which students are at risk of not graduating on time. Early warning…
Norbury, Heather; Wong, Manyee; Wan, Yinmei; Reese, Kelly; Dhillon, Sonica; Gerdeman, R. Dean
Recent estimates suggest that of U.S. public high school freshmen in the fall of 2005 24.5 percent did not graduate on time in 2008/09 (Stillwell, Sable, and Plotts 2011). As states and school districts attempt to boost graduation rates, they face the challenge of identifying which students are at risk of not graduating on time. Early warning…
There's a whole lot of material to cover within the world of communications law, and within their aegis, the Federal Communications Law Journal (FCLJ) covers everything from intellectual property to cable regulation. The Journal is published by Indiana University law students, and it also serves as the official journal for the Federal Communications Bar Association. This status also means that the Journal will occasionally feature pieces by members of Congress and commissioners in the Federal Communications Commission. First-time visitors to the site can browse through the contents of the most recent issues, or they can browse through archived issues all the way back to 1993. Also, visitors can view some of their short commentaries in the "Forum" area and learn about print subscriptions and submitting manuscripts for consideration.
"Everything about a grand jury is cloaked in secrecy," proclaims Susan Brenner and Greg Lockhart, Professors of Law at the University of Dayton School of Law and co-authors of Federal Grand Jury Practice. At their Website devoted to grand juries, they effectively elucidate the complex rules and processes of both federal and state grand juries. They uncover the mysteries behind the grand jury system by providing a detailed FAQ, two clearly written and illustrated sections on federal and state grand juries, and a highly educational section entitled Multimedia Overview: A State Grand Jury at Work, which is a virtual tour of the grand jury process. For more inquisitive citizens, a selective list of grand jury links is also available.
G. Alan Tarr
Full Text Available President Barack Obama proposed a major overhaul of the American healthsystem, and in 2010 the U.S. Congress enacted his proposal, the PatientProtection and Affordable Care Act. Opponents of the Act challenged itsconstitutionality in federal court, claiming that it exceeds the powers grantedto the federal government under the Commerce Clause and the NecessaryProper Clause of the federal Constitution. Some courts have upheldthe law, but others have agreed with the critics, in particular ruling thatthe provision requiring citizens to buy health insurance is unconstitutional.Eventually the U.S. Supreme Court will rule on the issue. This article tracesthe controversy, surveys the interpretation of pertinent constitutional provisionsin past cases, analyzes the constitutional arguments presented byproponents and opponents of the Act, and concludes that the Act is constitutional.
Hooker, Roderick S
The federal government is the largest single employer of clinically active physician assistants (PAs) in the United States, with > 3,000 PAs in 2008. PAs are present within the Departments of Defense, Veterans Affairs, Health and Human Services, Justice, and Homeland Security. Most are civil servants or hold a commission in the uniformed services. Most employing agencies have expanding needs for PAs. This overview presents a framework of how PAs are being used and the critical roles they play in the federal health care system. Because civilian job opportunities for PAs are plentiful, the federal system is seeking strategies for recruitment and retention. A centralized plan may be one useful recommendation. PMID:18816930
John Scales Avery
Full Text Available It is becoming increasingly clear that the concept of the absolutely sovereign nation-state is a dangerous anachronism in a world of thermonuclear weapons, instantaneous communication, and economic interdependence. Probably our best hope for the future lies in developing the United Nations into a World Federation. The strengthened United Nations should have a legislature with the power to make laws that are binding on individuals, and the ability to arrest and try individual political leaders for violations of these laws. The world federation should also have the power of taxation, and the military and legal powers necessary to guarantee the human rights of ethnic minorities within nations.
The promotion of an aggressive energy research initiative was identified as a goal of the Mississippi Research Consortium (MRC) from its inception in 1986. The Department of Energy EPSCOR Program has provided opportunities to address the needs and enhance the interactive programs of energy-related research in the State of Mississippi. The Mississippi DOE EPSCOR Graduate Traineeships Project is a program of education and research which will (1) increase the number of trained professionals in the energy sciences and technology, particularly those from groups traditionally under-represented in the field, and (2) interface with existing networks of universities, industry, federal, and state institutions involved in energy-related activities.
The promotion of an aggressive energy research initiative was identified as a goal of the Mississippi Research Consortium (MRC) from its inception in 1986. The Department of Energy EPSCOR Program has provided opportunities to address the needs and enhance the interactive programs of energy-related research in the State of Mississippi. The Mississippi DOE EPSCOR Graduate Traineeships Project is a program of education and research which will (1) increase the number of trained professionals in the energy sciences and technology, particularly those from groups traditionally under-represented in the field, and (2) interface with existing networks of universities, industry, federal, and state institutions involved in energy-related activities.
With over 2,800 employees, the Federal Statistical Office of Germany collects and processes statistical information for the country out of their three main offices in Weisbaden, Bonn, and Berlin. From their home page, individuals can access dozens of summary statistical tables dealing with almost every aspect of the country, including employment rates, education, environment, transport, foreign trade, wages, tourism, and population. Within each section, individuals can read a brief introduction to the Office's most recent findings in each thematic area and, in many instances, access detailed tables of data, where statistics are broken down by month. The Federal Statistical Office also conducts a microcensus every year, which involves one percent of all households in Germany. Information about this microcensus is available on the site. Most of the site is available in English, but the publications of the Office are only available in German. This site will be quite helpful to those persons working in demography, or for those looking for general data about Germany.
Kaen E. Nicholas
ABSTRACT The state of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education in the United States has seen some unfavorable assessments over the past decade. In early February, 2010 the House of Representatives heard testimony on undergraduate and graduate education. The message from the panel, which included experts from academia, STEM-based industries, and the National Science Foundation (NSF) was dire and required an urgent response. The experts along with the committeeÃ?Â?Ã?Â¢Ã?Â?Ã?Â?Ã?Â?Ã?Â?s chairperson, U. S. Representative Daniel Lipinski (D-IL) cited that the complexity of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics applications and coursework and the methodology utilized to teach these subjects are forcing students out of these disciplines. As the National Academies described in its 2007 report Rising Above the Gathering Storm, successful STEM education is not just an academic pursuitÃ?Â?Ã?Â¢Ã?Â?Ã?Â?Ã?Â?Ã?Â?itÃ?Â?Ã?Â¢Ã?Â?Ã?Â?Ã?Â?Ã?Â?s a necessity for competing in the knowledge-based economy that the United States had a key role in creating. The potential for action is being made available again as the America COMPETES Act of 2007 is up for reauthorization. Its initial focus was on STEM education at the K-12 levels, but efforts at the undergraduate and graduate levels are needed to retain students to fill the jobs left vacant as baby boomers retire. The Educational Advancement Alliance, Inc. (EAA) has for two decades created programs that have not only addressed the issues of ensuring that students are aptly prepared for college but have focused its efforts over the past decade on increasing the number of students who pursue degrees in STEM disciplines. For the EAA, the introduction of the wonders of science begins at the elementary and middle school level via the Learning Lab, a state-of-the-art mobile science laboratory that visits students in grades 4-6 at the various schools throughout Philadelphia and The Math/Tech Academy which meets on Saturdays for students in grades 5-7. For the past two years the EAA has assisted college graduates in their quest to attain advanced degrees in STEM by providing fellowships. The EAA continued this effort by recruiting and providing fellowships to students who aspired to continue their education at the graduate level. The fellowships provided funding for tuition, fees, books, technology, and stipends to assist with room, board, and living expenses during the academic year and salary, transportation, and living expenses to those students who secured internships with the Department of Energy. Additionally the EAA designed and implemented needed support systems to ensure successful completion of the Masters degree programs, including but not limited to membership in professional associations, attendance at industry and academic conferences, and professional development workshops, and tutorial assistance if needed. This program assisted over 80 students directly and society-at-large by helping to educate and develop future physicists, engineers, biostatisticians, and researchers who will have the necessary skillsets to fill the increasing numbers of positions that require such expertise.
Cromartie, John B.
In the late 1990s, the nonmetro population continued to increase from net migration but at a lower rate than previously. Compared to the early 1990s, the nonmetro West experienced a substantial drop in net migration during 1996-99. Metro-to-nonmetro migration also dropped substantially among college graduates and was higher for low-wage workers…
Scalzi, Cynthia C.; Wilson, David L.
To determine content for graduate programs in nursing administration, 184 nurse executives from acute care, home care, long-term care, and occupational health rated their job functions. All respondents spend time on activities requiring knowledge of law, health care policy, and organizational behavior. Ethics ranked lowest in terms of time spent.…
Maxwell, Scott E.; Jones, Lyle V.
Female and male admission rates to four graduate programs at a university were compared over a two year time period to assess possible sex bias in admission procedures. The overall results showed that sex played only a modest role in admission decisions. (Author/DEP)
This article reviews the literature on the experiences of working-class students at different stages of the student life cycle. It examines the factors influencing their participation rates in higher education (HE), their ability to adapt to university life, and their success in the graduate labour market. The article argues that without radical…
The Consolidated Federal Funds Report (CFFR) from the Census Bureau (formerly available from Oregon State University's Government Information Sharing Project) provides information on Federal Government expenditures or obligations for all states, counties and subcounty areas of the US.
The Federal Reserve is the central bank of the United States, and there are twelve Federal Reserve districts that range from Hawaii to Maine. This website was created by the Federal Reserve to provide high-quality educational resources about economics, personal finance, public policy and other subjects to students and the general public. First-time visitors can peruse some of the videos on the homepage, find their Reserve district via an interactive map, and also learn about the history of colonial money. Educators can use the Find Resources area to look for items of note, and they can search by keyword, title, grade, topic, or document type. Some of the most compelling material can be found in the Games & Simulations area. Here visitors will find an economic literacy test and a fun game called "Show Business: The Economics of Entertainment." The site is rounded out by the Public Resources area, which includes links to material on public tours, economic indicators and other materials on the day-to-day activities of the Federal Reserve.
Abadel Fatima Taleb
Full Text Available Abstract Background The assessment of the performance of medical school graduates during their first postgraduate years provides an early indicator of the quality of the undergraduate curriculum and educational process. The objective of this study was to assess the clinical competency of medical graduates, as perceived by the graduates themselves and by the experts. Methods This is a hospital based cross-sectional study. It covered 105 medical graduates and 63 experts selected by convenient sampling method. A self-administered questionnaire covering the different areas of clinical competency constructed on a five-point Likert scale was used for data collection. Data processing and analysis were performed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS 16.0. The mean, frequency distribution, and percentage of the variables were calculated. A non-parametric Kruskal Wallis test was applied to verify whether the graduates' and experts' assessments were influenced by the graduates' variables such as age, gender, experience, type of hospital, specialty and location of work at a (p ? 0.05 level of significance. Results The overall mean scores for experts' and graduates' assessments were 3.40 and 3.63, respectively (p= 0.035. Almost 87% of the graduates perceived their competency as good and very good in comparison with only 67.7% by experts. Female and male graduates who rated themselves as very good were 33.8% and 25% respectively. More than 19% of the graduates in the age group > 30 years perceived their clinical competency as inadequate in contrast with only 6.2% of the graduates in the youngest age group. Experts rated 40% of the female graduates as inadequate versus 20% of males, (p= 0.04. More than 40% of the graduates in younger age group were rated by experts as inadequate, versus 9.7% of the higher age group >30 years (p = 0.03. Conclusion There was a wide discrepancy between the graduates' self-assessment and experts' assessment, particularly in the level of inadequate performance. Graduates in general, and those of younger age groups in particular, tend to overestimate their clinical skills and competency.
The U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is issuing an interim final regulation to update the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP) and the Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program (FEDVIP) regulations to reflect updated election opportunities for participants in the Pathways Programs. The Pathways Programs were created by Executive Order (E.O.) 13562, signed by the President on December 27, 2010, and are designed to enable the Federal Government to compete effectively for students and recent graduates by improving its recruitment efforts through internships and similar programs with Federal agencies. This interim final rule furthers these recruitment and retention efforts by providing health insurance, as well as dental and vision benefits, to eligible program participants and their families. PMID:24396912
...Federal Housing Finance Agency, 1625 Eye Street NW...STANDBY LETTERS OF CREDIT 0 11. The authority citation...NRSRO means a credit rating organization registered...Federal Housing Finance Agency. [FR Doc....
Winey, Karen I.
As a professor who relies on graduate students to participate in my research program, I work to ensure that the pipeline of graduate students is full. This presentation will discuss a variety of strategies that I have used to advertise the opportunities of graduate school, many of which use existing infrastructure at the University of Pennsylvania. These strategies involve a combination of public speaking, discussion groups, and faculty advising. During these exchanges it's important to both contrast the career opportunities for B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degree holders and outline the financial facts about graduate school. These modest efforts have increased the number of Penn undergraduates pursuing doctorate degrees.
Smith, Eugene; Smith, Marilyn
Describes a successful internship program at the University of Washington in which graduate students of English have the opportunity to observe a community college teacher in the classroom. Explains the internship model and its benefits. (KEH)
...Program: Federal Family Education Loan Program and William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program AGENCY: Office of Postsecondary...Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL), and William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) program loans repaid by...
National Air Pollution Control Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Described is the Federal air pollution program as it was in 1967. The booklet is divided into these major topics: History of the Federal Program; Research; Assistance to State and Local Governments; Abatement and Prevention of Air Pollution; Control of Motor Vehicle Pollution; Information and Education; and Conclusion. Federal legislation has…
Established by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, the Federal Labor Relations Authority (FLRA) is an independent agency that is responsible for administering the labor-management relations program for close to 2 million federal employees across the world. As noted on the Web site, their mission is "to promote stable and constructive labor-management relations that contribute to an efficient and effective government." To achieve that end, the FLRA's site provides a host of information about recent cases decided by the Authority, along with information about its activities and current staff roster. Visitors to the site will want to take a look at the FLRA strategic plan for the period from 2002-2005, and review previous annual reports filed by the Authority, which are located in the News and Publications area of the site.
Full Text Available Although federalism had long been a neglected phonemenon inTurkey, it came to the forefront after 1940s from time to time along withthe changes experienced in the world and Turkey and it has beenproposed as a solution to existing problems. Despite its nature as ameasn to solve problems, it has remained in silence within the contextof Turkish thought. All that has existed on this issue does not exceed afew words and articles. In other words, the knowledge of federalism inTurkey is so limited.However, in Europe and especially in the US. research onfederalism has been carried out continuously and some relatedinstitutions have been established on this subject. Especially in the US.the question of whether a federal world may be established lies behindthe mental background of the studies. A truer reading of this questionleads to an understanding of whether the world may be Americanized.The process called globalization reminds one of the same meaning. Infact, federal system as a American Project is tried to be established intothe attention of the world public. With all developments, Turkey with isclose geography in the process and with its face to the western world asan ally of the US. is not to fall out of the process and is at least tounderstand federalism within the framework as the continuity ofintegration and as the solution to problems. This study is intended tocontribute to a beter understanding of federalism. Federalizm Türkiye’de uzun bir süre aforoz edilmi? bir fenomen olmakla beraber 1940’lar sonras?nda dünyada ve Türkiye’de ya?anan de?i?imle beraber zaman zaman gündeme gelmi? ve hatta mevcut sorunlar?n çözümü olarak sunulmu?tur. Türkiye’de federalizm bir çözüm arac? olarak sunulmas?na ra?men ne yaz?k ki hakk?nda Türk dü?ünce dünyas? bir nevi suskunluk içerisinde kalm??t?r. Bu konuda yaz?lanlar?n toplam? birkaç kitap ve birkaç makaleyi geçmemektedir. Bir ba?ka ifadeyle Türkiye’deki mevcut bilgi piyasas? federalizm ile ilgili olmak kayd?yla büyük bir fakirlik içerisindedir.Oysaki Avrupa ve bilhassa Amerika’da federalizm konusunda sürekli ara?t?rmalar yap?lmakta ve hatta bu konu ile ilgili enstitüler kurulmaktad?r. Bilhassa Amerika’da yap?lan çal??malar?n zihni arka plan?nda federal bir dünyan?n kurulup kurulamayaca?? sorusu yatmaktad?r. Bu soruyu daha do?rudan okursak dünyan?n Amerikal?la?t?r?lmas?n?n mümkün olup olamayaca??n?n cevap arand??? net bir ?ekilde görülebilecektir. Ad?na küreselle?me ya da globalle?me denilen bu yeni süreçte asl?nda anlam olarak hemen hemen ayn? ?eyi ça?r??t?rmaktad?r. Yani bir Amerikan projeksiyonu olarak federal sistem dünya gündemine oturtulmaya çal???lmaktad?r. Bu geli?meler kar??s?nda sürecin kenar?na merkezi bir co?rafî konuma sahip olan, yönü Bat?’ya çevrili ve Amerika’n?n stratejik müttefiki olan Türkiye’nin de sürecin d???na dü?memesi ve potsmodern dünya ile entegrasyonunun devam? ve mevcut sorunlar?n?n çözümü ba?lam?nda federalizmi en az?ndan anlamak durumunda oldu?u aç?kt?r. ??te bu çal??man?n maksad? mümkün mertebe federalizmi anla??l?r k?l?nmakt?r.
...Part 62—Federal Emergency Management Agency, Federal Insurance...Issued By: Federal Emergency Management Agency, Federal Insurance...the insurance industry has marketing access through its existing...FIA or the Federal Emergency Management Agency (“FEMA”)....
Bech, Morten L.; Atalay, Enghin
We explore the network topology of the federal funds market. This market is important for distributing liquidity throughout the financial system and for the implementation of monetary policy. The recent turmoil in global financial markets underscores its importance. We find that the network is sparse, exhibits the small-world phenomenon, and is disassortative. Centrality measures are useful predictors of the interest rate of a loan.
John Scales Avery
It is becoming increasingly clear that the concept of the absolutely sovereign nation-state is a dangerous anachronism in a world of thermonuclear weapons, instantaneous communication, and economic interdependence. Probably our best hope for the future lies in developing the United Nations into a World Federation. The strengthened United Nations should have a legislature with the power to make laws that are binding on individuals, and the ability to arrest and try individual political leaders...
Carlini, Emanuele; Coppola, Massimo; Dazzi, Patrizio; Ricci, Laura; Righetti, Giacomo
Cloud computing infrastructures support dynamical and flexible access to computational, network and storage resources. To date, several disjoint industrial and academic technologies provide infrastruc- ture level access to Clouds. Especially for industrial platforms, the evolu- tion of de-facto standards goes together with worries about user lock-in to a platform. The Contrail project  proposes a federated and integrated approach to Clouds. In this work we present and motivate the architec...
Bates, Lyndel J.; Allen, Siobhan; Armstrong, Kerry; Watson, Barry; King, Mark J.; Davey, Jeremy
Graduated driver licensing (GDL) aims to gradually increase the exposure of new drivers to more complex driving situations and typically consists of learner, provisional and open licence phases. The first phase, the learner licence, is designed to allow novice drivers to obtain practical driving experience in lower risk situations. The learner licence can delay licensure, encourage novice drivers to learn under supervision, mandate the number of hours of practice required to progress to the next phase and encourage parental involvement. The second phase, the provisional licence, establishes various driving restrictions and thereby reduces exposure to situations of higher risk, such as driving at night, with passengers or after drinking alcohol. Parental involvement with a GDL system appears essential in helping novices obtain sufficient practice and in enforcing compliance with restrictions once the new driver obtains a provisional licence. Given the significant number of young drivers involved in crashes within Oman, GDL is one countermeasure that may be beneficial in reducing crash risk and involvement for this group. PMID:25364543
Reinhart, Carmen; Goldstein, Morris; Kaminsky, Graciela
In this study, we begin by assessing the ability of sovereign credit ratings to anticipate crises. In addition, given the wave of sovereign credit ratings downgrades that have followed the crises in Asia, we investigate formally the extent to which credit ratings are reactive. Along the way, we discuss a small but growing literature that examines to what extent financial markets anticipate crises.
...false 1 Federal Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 100 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...CREWMEMBERS OTHER THAN PILOTS Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 100-1 Editorial...
...false 2 Federal Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 50 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 50-2 Editorial...
Federal Courts Law Review is an electronic publication provided by the Federal Magistrate Judges Association and edited by Carol Heckman, United States Magistrate Judge for the Western District of New York. It aims at being a "forum for the publication of legal scholarship relating to federal courts and federal legislation," and claims to be one of the few law reviews sponsored by a judicial association. The first issue contains articles entitled "Discovery in Computer Software Patent Litigation," "Instructing the Jury in an Employment Discrimination Case," and "Civil Case Voir Dire and Jury Selection in Federal Court." Two of the authors are magistrate judges. Articles are also available via email.
Baru, C.; Lin, K.
The Geosciences Network project (www.geongrid.org) has been developing cyberinfrastructure for data sharing in the Earth Science community based on a service-oriented architecture. The project defines a standard "software stack", which includes a standardized set of software modules and corresponding service interfaces. The system employs Grid certificates for distributed user authentication. The GEON Portal provides online access to these services via a set of portlets. This service-oriented approach has enabled the GEON network to easily expand to new sites and deploy the same infrastructure in new projects. To facilitate interoperation with other distributed geoinformatics environments, service standards are being defined and implemented for catalog services and federated search across distributed catalogs. The need arises because there may be multiple metadata catalogs in a distributed system, for example, for each institution, agency, geographic region, and/or country. Ideally, a geoinformatics user should be able to search across all such catalogs by making a single search request. In this paper, we describe our implementation for such a search capability across federated metadata catalogs in the GEON service-oriented architecture. The GEON catalog can be searched using spatial, temporal, and other metadata-based search criteria. The search can be invoked as a Web service and, thus, can be imbedded in any software application. The need for federated catalogs in GEON arises because, (i) GEON collaborators at the University of Hyderabad, India have deployed their own catalog, as part of the iGEON-India effort, to register information about local resources for broader access across the network, (ii) GEON collaborators in the GEO Grid (Global Earth Observations Grid) project at AIST, Japan have implemented a catalog for their ASTER data products, and (iii) we have recently deployed a search service to access all data products from the EarthScope project in the US (http://es-portal.geongrid.org), which are distributed across data archives at IRIS in Seattle, Washington, UNAVCO in Boulder, Colorado, and at the ICDP archives in GFZ, Potsdam, Germany. This service implements a "virtual" catalog--the actual/"physical" catalogs and data are stored at each of the remote locations. A federated search across all these catalogs would enable GEON users to discover data across all of these environments with a single search request. Our objective is to implement this search service via the OGC Catalog Services for the Web (CS-W) standard by providing appropriate CSW "wrappers" for each metadata catalog, as necessary. This paper will discuss technical issues in designing and deploying such a multi-catalog search service in GEON and describe an initial prototype of the federated search capability.
This listing of physicists and students associated with the U.S. high-energy physics program was obtained by asking the research groups, laboratories, and other agencies involved to update previous information. The first part of this volume is an alphabetical listing and includes only the name, rank, and institution of high-energy physicists and graduate students. The second part of the volume is arranged by institution. Within each institution, the faculty (or permanent staff) and the graduate students are presented in separate alphabetical lists. For each person the entry indicates the year and institution of highest degree, rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is also indicated an estimated date for their degree. Where appropriate, a person is listed at more than one institution. Except as noted in the headings, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1978. (RWR)
Fiske, P. S.; Smith, G.; Smith, W.
Academic science, willingly or not, may be headed for structural change similar in magnitude to the changes it faced at the end of World War II. Research funding in many areas of the geosciences is feeling the pinch of federal budget belt-tightening. New job openings in research, academia, government, and industry are dwindling, and many graduating Ph.D.s have to seek employment in areas that are, at best, marginally related to their training.A research culture developed in an environment of expansion is poorly suited to an era of limited resources. Since academic research is closely linked with graduate education, we must consider the question: How should our programs adapt to the changes in the external environment in which academic science must function? If our graduate programs do not meet our students' needs, we may not only be failing as educators, but we may also find it increasingly difficult to attract the qualified students that we need to keep our programs and research efforts healthy.
This listing of physicists and students associated with the US high energy physics program has been compiled in the Division of High Energy Physics of the Office of Energy Research of the US Department of Energy. This listing has been obtained by asking the research groups, laboratories, and other agencies involved to update previous information. This volume is in two parts. The first part is an alphabetical listing and includes only the name, rank, and institution of high energy physicists and graduate students. The second part of the volume is arranged by institution. Within each institution, the faculty (or permanent staff) and the graduate students are presented in separate alphabetical lists. For each person the entry indicates their birthdate, the year and institution of their highest degree, their rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and their sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is also indicated an estimated date for their degree. Where appropriate, a person is listed at more than one institution. Except as noted in the headings, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1981
McCalla-Graham, James A; De Gagne, Jennie C
The high attrition rate of graduate nurses will exacerbate the current nursing shortage as Baby Boomer nurses (born between 1946 and 1964) retire, negatively affecting the quality of patient care and increasing employer costs. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experiences of new graduate nurses employed in an acute care setting in southwest Florida. This information provides further guidance to nurse educators as they develop curricula, support graduate nurses to transition into professional practice, and create strategies to increase retention. Ten participants who were traditional students in generic baccalaureate nursing programs, selected through purposeful and snowball sampling, were interviewed via open-ended questions. Using Colaizzi's classic phenomenological method of data analysis and NVivo 10 software, three over-arching themes emerged-knowledge, skills, and environment-which were interpreted in relation to graduates' lived experience. Recommendations include implementation of innovative initiatives that address new graduates' experience and increase retention. PMID:25723333
Substantial differences exist among fuel taxes in various countries. These differences represent a form of fiscal competition that has undesirable side effects because it leads to cross-border fuelling and hence to extra kilometres driven. One possible way of solving the problem of low fuel taxes in neighbouring countries is to introduce a spatial differentiation of taxes: low near the border and higher further away. This paper contains an empirical analysis of the consequences of such a spatial graduation of fuel taxes for the Netherlands. We will analyse impacts on fuelling behaviour, vehicle kilometres driven, tax receipts, and sales by owners of gas stations. The appropriate slope of the graduation curve is also discussed. Our conclusion is that in a small country such as the Netherlands, a spatial graduation of fuel taxes will lead to substantial changes in fuelling behaviour, even when the graduation curve is not steep. Depending on the graduation profile implemented, the spatial differentiation of fuel tax will give rise to substantial problems for owners of gas stations in areas with decreasing fuel sales. 9 refs
Boccali, T.; Donvito, G.; Diacono, D.; Marzulli, G.; Pompili, A.; Della Ricca, G.; Mazzoni, E.; Argiro, S.; Gregori, D.; Grandi, C.; Bonacorsi, D.; Lista, L.; Fabozzi, F.; Barone, L. M.; Santocchia, A.; Riahi, H.; Tricomi, A.; Sgaravatto, M.; Maron, G.
The Italian community in CMS has built a geographically distributed network in which all the data stored in the Italian region are available to all the users for their everyday work. This activity involves at different level all the CMS centers: the Tier1 at CNAF, all the four Tier2s (Bari, Rome, Legnaro and Pisa), and few Tier3s (Trieste, Perugia, Torino, Catania, Napoli, ...). The federation uses the new network connections as provided by GARR, our NREN (National Research and Education Network), which provides a minimum of 10 Gbit/s to all the sites via the GARR-X project. The federation is currently based on Xrootd technology, and on a Redirector aimed to seamlessly connect all the sites, giving the logical view of a single entity. A special configuration has been put in place for the Tier1, CNAF, where ad-hoc Xrootd changes have been implemented in order to protect the tape system from excessive stress, by not allowing WAN connections to access tape only files, on a file-by-file basis. In order to improve the overall performance while reading files, both in terms of bandwidth and latency, a hierarchy of xrootd redirectors has been implemented. The solution implemented provides a dedicated Redirector where all the INFN sites are registered, without considering their status (T1, T2, or T3 sites). An interesting use case were able to cover via the federation are disk-less Tier3s. The caching solution allows to operate a local storage with minimal human intervention: transfers are automatically done on a single file basis, and the cache is maintained operational by automatic removal of old files.
Stephanie Mc Spirit; Jones, Kirk E.
This study compares grade inflation rates among different ability students at a large, open admissions public University. Specifically, this study compares trends in graduating grade point average (GPA) from 1983 to 1996 across low, typical and higher ability students. This study also tests other explanations for increases in graduating GPA. These other explanations are changes in 1) ACT score 2) gender 3) college major and 4) vocational programs. With these other explanations considered, reg...
Purpose: To quantify the employment status of 1995 graduates of radiation oncology training programs in the United States. Methods and Materials: All senior residents (149) and fellows (36) who completed training in 1995 were mailed an employment survey questionnaire by the Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology (ARRO). Telephone follow-up of nonrespondents achieved a 100% response rate. Twenty graduates who chose to continue training and five who returned to their home countries were removed from the study. Of the 160 who attempted to enter the U.S. workforce, 106 were men and 54 were women. Initial job status and job status at 6-8 months following graduation were determined. Results: Unemployment was 6.9% at graduation and 4.4% at 6-8 months. Underemployment (part-time employment) was 10.6% at graduation and 11.9% at 6-8 months postgraduation. Of those working part-time 6-8 months after graduation, 63% (12 of 19) did so involuntarily after unsuccessfully seeking full-time employment. For the 20 graduates who chose to continue training with fellowships, seven (35%) did so solely to avoid unemployment, four (20%) were partially influenced by the job market, and nine (45%) were not influenced by the job market. Adverse employment search outcome was defined as being either unemployed as a radiation oncologist or involuntarily working part-time. Excluding those who chose to work part-time, a total of 19 (11.9%) graduates at 6-8 months following graduation, comparat 6-8 months following graduation, compared to 22 (13.8%) at graduation, were either unemployed or involuntarily working part-time. In terms of gender, this represented 18.5% (10 of 54) of females and 8.6% (9 of 105) of males. In terms of geographic restrictions in the job search, 56% of males and 70% of females with an adverse employment outcome limited their job search to certain parts of the country. This compares to 62% of all graduates in this study with geographic restrictions in their job search. In terms of perceptions of the workforce and employment opportunities, 95% of all graduates believed there was an oversupply of radiation oncologists and 95.5% believed the job market was worse than what they had anticipated on entering training. Only 42.8% of all graduates were satisfied with the job opportunities available to them. A significant number of private practice positions (41%) did not offer a partnership track, and those that did so had an increased median employment period before partnership (3.25 years) compared to previous years. Conclusion: This is the only employment survey for any specialty in which a 100% response rate was achieved. Upon graduation, a significant number of residents and fellows were either unemployed or involuntarily underemployed. The job market absorbed only a fraction of them at 6-8 months. Most graduates, including those employed full-time, were not satisfied with the practice opportunities available to them during their job search. Many private-sector jobs did not offer a partnership track, and those that did required an increased employment period. A higher rate of involuntary part-time employment was seen for female graduates. Geographic restrictions in job search alone could not account for graduates being unemployed or underemployed, and could not account for gender differences. An overwhelming majority of 1995 radiation oncology graduates believed that the job market had deteriorated and that there was an oversupply of radiation oncologists. As one of two major studies tracking the employment status of radiation oncology graduates, we believe this study to be superior in methodology. We also believe this study presents data in a manner useful to medical students, training program directors, and healthcare policymakers
...school certificate or provisional pilot school certificate must issue a graduation...information: (1) The name of the school and the certificate number of the school; (2) The name of the graduate to whom it was issued; (3)...
The University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) offers a graduate diploma program in nuclear technology that consists of a suite of six sub-specialties: Fuel, Materials and Chemistry; Reactor Systems; Operation and Maintenance; Safety, Licensing and Regulatory Affairs; Health Physics; and Radiological Applications. Four courses selected from a list that covers the knowledge and skill set of each sub-specialty have to be completed in order to gain a graduate diploma in the specific area. The program is designed to accommodate the needs of people working in the nuclear industry to upgrade their knowledge and skills, to promote career advancement and to provide a framework for lifelong learning. (author)
Gupta, Venu G.
Using the Illinois Course Evaluation Questionnaire, 850 college students' evaluations of their teachers did not vary significantly with the use of 3 different sets of instructions, each explaining a different purpose for the evaluation. In evaluating 40 graduate teaching assistants, assistant professors and full professors, graduate students rated…
Razia Musarrat; Ghulam Ali; Muhammad Salman Azhar
Purpose of this study is to elaborate the political issues and challenges faces by the federation of Pakistan during and after the Gen. Pervez Musharraf government. In this paper effort is made to discuss those issues on the biases of which politics of federalism started in the country. Pinching problems that caused disintegration to Pakistan are also discussed. Those issues are also discussed in details which are a constant threat to the “new federation of Pakistan”. Authors also focus o...
Dr. Abdul Farouk Ahmed
This paper attempts to clarify the employability construct as it relates to competitive organisation. The major purpose of the paper is in promoting awareness of the need for curriculum reform directed at improving employability of graduates. Unemployment of graduates or underemployment of university graduates is a gross waste that no nation can afford. Past studies have focused in identifying the reasons for the large unemployment of graduates. Jobstreet, a Malaysian employment agency conduc...
Palade, A.; Constantin, C.
This paper contains a research study about the integration of 1st cycle graduates on the labour market. Marketing research was carried out among university graduates, emphasising their career path after graduating, taking into account that graduates’ job placement has acquired great importance in higher education. The conclusion drawn in the paper is that career counselling and orientation should be fostered for students, while more weight should be given to practical placements in the ...
President Barack Obama is calling for an ambitious overhaul of the federal E-rate program, a step that many education and technology advocates have been urging for years to improve what they see as schools' badly out-of-date technological capabilities. The administration intends to ask the Federal Communications Commission to consider rechanneling…
The Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is mandated by Congress to be the agency that collects, analyzes, and disseminates impartial, comprehensive data about energy including the volume consumed, its customers, and the purposes for which it is used. The Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey (FBSS) was conducted by EIA in conjunction with DOE`s Office of Federal Energy Management Programs (OFEMP) to gain a better understanding of how Federal buildings use energy. This report presents the data from 881 completed telephone interviews with Federal buildings in three Federal regions. These buildings were systematically selected using OFEMP`s specifications; therefore, these data do not statistically represent all Federal buildings in the country. The purpose of the FBSS was threefold: (1) to understand the characteristics of Federal buildings and their energy use; (2) to provide a baseline in these three Federal regions to measure future energy use in Federal buildings as required in EPACT; and (3) to compare building characteristics and energy use with the data collected in the CBECS.
Dimitrov, Nanda; Dawson, Debra L.; Olsen, Karyn C.; Meadows, Ken N.
This study explores how teaching development programs may facilitate the development of intercultural competence in graduate students and prepare them for communicating effectively in the global workplace after graduation. First, we describe the concept of intercultural teaching competence and examine the skills that graduate students may need to…
...Community-rated carrier performance factors. 1609...OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEES...CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Performance Evaluation 1609...Community-rated carrier performance...
Objective The objective of this thesis was to investigate the challenges international graduates face after their graduation from the Finnish universities and if the employment office could help them to achieve their goal. Furthermore, the study provides suggestive solutions to the challenges foreign graduate face in quest of job after graduation. Thesis highlights some of the biggest challenges graduates face in the Finnish job market. The role and help of the employment office, and oth...
I am a lapsed physician now often asked, as a result of my current job, to comment at ceremonies that mark the making of new physicians. Because I no longer hold a license to practice medicine--the activity that is understandably most important to the graduates--I usually find myself reaching hard to find common ground.
The lack of national attention to preparing future faculty for their roles as citizen-scholars represents a significant missed opportunity. Whereas graduate student involvement in engaged teaching and research, such as service-learning or community-based research, likely has immediate benefits for retention and learning, this article focuses on…
Alexandre, Fernando; Portela, Miguel; Sa, Carla
In a context of increasing competition for students, admission conditions have been used as an instrument in a strategy of differentiation. Such a strategy is guided by short-run concerns, that is, the immediate need to attract more students. This article takes a longer term view, by examining graduates' employability. The authors find that…
Woodward, C. A.; Mcauley, R. G.
Performance ratings were obtained by the clinical supervisors of four graduated classes of McMaster University medical students during internship. The supervisors detected no difference in performance between the graduates who met the "traditional" admissions criteria (both an undergraduate grade point average of 3.1 or greater on a 4-point scale and previous training in biology, general and organic chemistry, and physics) and those who lacked one or both of these prerequisites. These data su...
Based in Geneva, Switzerland, the International Road Federation (IRF) is an organization of road experts with the "mission to encourage and promote development and maintenance of better, safer and more sustainable roads and road networks." Visitors will find that their website includes sections on "Projects", "Training", "Statistics" and "Publications". In the "Publications" section, there are more than a dozen issues of the IRF Bulletin shown, all available for free on the site. Some of the topics of the Special Edition Bulletins include "Rural Transport", "Urban Mobility", "Public Private Partnership", and "Intelligent Transport Systems". The Rural Transport Special Edition has articles such as "Transport Poverty Alleviation: An Approach in Bangladesh" and "The Impact of Rural Transport on Socio-Economic Development in Nicaragua". Some of the other publications available to visitors are the monthly "World Highways" and "Bi-Annual Reports" which offer a movieclip slideshow for the IRF's 60th anniversary.
The aim of this paper is to outline the NDA National Graduate Programme (nuclear graduates). The NDA has a remit under the Energy Act (2004) 'to maintain and develop the skills for decommissioning and nuclear clean-up'. Although current research is now being reviewed, there is significant evidence to suggest that the age profile in the Site Licence Companies is skewed towards older workers and there is likely to be a skill shortage in 3-5 years. As nuclear clean-up is a national issue; skill shortages also become a national issue in a very real sense. In addition, evidence suggests that the industry needs to be constantly challenged in order to achieve its targets for decommissioning. The NDA has a unique position under the Act. It is both a strategic overseer and direct employer. To this end the 'National Graduate Programme' is aligned to both the NDA's previous succession plans and the needs of the industry. Industry needs leadership that challenges the status quo and moves the UK nuclear industry to become best in class; Industry needs a dedicated to programme to address skills shortages and difficult to recruit areas such as, but not exclusively, estimators, schedulers, contract managers, site engineers, decommissioning technicians, safety monitors; The NDA has indicated a 'commercial and politically savvy' cohort is required to meet its own internal challenges and to ensure sustainability in its own workforce, and to be sensitive to the needs of customers and supensitive to the needs of customers and suppliers alike; Need to create a more diversified workforce in the nuclear industry and also plan for new skills evolving from research and development breakthroughs; Need to ensure that Tier 1, 2, 3 and 4 contractors invest in the leadership and skills for the future. World Class - delivery will be benchmarked against UK based multinational companies who operate in a global graduate attraction and development marketplace. The graduates targeted will be from leading institutions and will have a blend of leading technical proficiency mixed with indications of 'high performer' potential. Professional - Throughout the programme the graduates will be working towards achieving professional qualifications though the relevant 'Institute' for their discipline, such as the IMECHE. The training and experience gained from the scheme is programmed around a syllabus of work and courses, which will be accredited retrospectively by the 'Institutes'. The two year 'initial professional development' programme whilst the graduate is with the NDA is then fitted into a further two years with stakeholders for their first 'substantive role'. Whilst there is no monetary contribution from the stakeholders there is a significant resource support from the programme stakeholders. They will provide a sophisticated matrix of support in attraction and assessment support, professional development, mentoring, training and scheme evaluation. The programme will be using cutting edge marketing, assessment, recruitment and training tools. It will also deliver a pioneering socio economic programme that will combine professional training with cultural and behavioural insight work. The aims of the programme are aligned with the NDA succession plan and Skills Strategy Document. The graduate profile by the end of the two year programme is 'mobile, professional, aware and ambitious.' The Programme is driven by a group comprising of companies across the industry including the NDA, SLC's, defence operators, operational power station organisations, regulators and the supply chain. Uniquely, the programme offers no 'specific job' with the NDA after the two year programme is completed. The programme will be integrated into the existing partners' schemes to ensure smooth progression. The Graduate's progress after 2 years will be facilitated by a careers service and formal rules governing the behaviour of partners. The first cohort targeted graduates from the following disciplines areas: Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Finance, Procurement an
Drejer, Ina; Holm, Jacob Rubæk
Several studies have documented that highly educated citizens contribute to regional economic performance (Moretti, 2013; Faggian and McCann,2009b; Sterlacchini 2008). Moreover, Åstebro et al. (2012) emphasize the importance of promoting start-up by recent university graduates. Thus, the retention of university graduates is an important issue for regional policy makers. The present paper analyzes the migration patterns of university graduates from two very different regions in Denmark: the Greater Capital region around Copenhagen and the peripheral region of North Denmark. Studies of the migration of university graduates have been carried out in several countries. These studies are typically based on extensive surveys among recent graduates. The present analysis differs from such studies through its application of register data for all individuals and companies in Denmark, which allows us to identify the place of residence and employment of all university graduates over time. The analysis focuses on people who have graduated from a university in the Greater Capital region around Copenhagen or in the North Denmark peripheral region during the period 2000-2010. We study migration when enrolling in university as well as migration after graduation using the terminology of Faggian and McCann (2009a). Graduates’ migration is mainly studied in relation to first employment. The analysis also includes the migration of university graduates who become entrepreneurs. The different migration patterns are combined with measures of performance for wage-earners, expressed as level and growth rate of hourly wages, and for entrepreneurs, expressed as firm survival and growth in sales and employees.
Nik Hairi Omar
Full Text Available In Malaysia, there is a profusion of evidence of high graduate unemployment since many graduates are found lacking of what are needed to acquire and to maintain their jobs. In this paper, graduate employability skills were analyzed based on four major criteria: qualification, academic score, experience and specific soft skills. The data and information used were extracted from 300 online job advertisements accessed via electronic databases at http://www.JobStreet.com.my from January to March 2011. A simple checklist form was developed to quantify the information from ads into quantitative data that was later keyed in the Statistical Package for Social Science for descriptive analyses. Based on the data, it was concluded that graduates with bachelor degrees were more likely to be employable due to high demand. It was also found that academic excellence based on CGPA was not the utmost factor for graduate employability. However, since less than one-third ads were free from work experiences requirement, fresh graduates only secured a little chance to be recruited. Another factor that limited graduates employability was high demand of specific soft skills requested by employers, among which were graduates with high quality of communication/interpersonal skills, foreign language proficiency, ICT/technical skills, high spirit of teamwork and specific personal attributes. Results concluded that graduate unemployment rate will continue to increase unless the Higher Education Institution (HEI and the graduates are prepared to sharpen their soft skills according to market niche. It is suggested that the HEI work more closely with industries, professional bodies and society through the establishment of university-industry link cooperation that will become a catalyst for soft skills enhancement.
Full Text Available This paper contains a research study about the integration of 1st cycle graduates on the labour market. Marketing research was carried out among university graduates, emphasising their career path after graduating, taking into account that graduates’ job placement has acquired great importance in higher education. The conclusion drawn in the paper is that career counselling and orientation should be fostered for students, while more weight should be given to practical placements in the study programs’ curriculum, in order to build specific competences for students, which make them capable to obtain a better job position after graduation.
Euwals, Rob; Winkelmann, Rainer
The apprenticeship system is the most important source of formal post-secondary training in Germany. Using German register data – the IAB Employment Sample – it is found that apprentices staying with their training firm after graduation have a longer first-job durations but not higher wages than apprentices leaving the training firm. Retention rates, first job durations, and post-apprenticeship wages are all increasing functions of training intensity. Some implications for the ongoing ...
...of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Federal Buildings Personnel...of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings, Office of Governmentwide Policy...of Federal High- Performance Green Buildings, Office of Governmentwide...
...Version of the Federal Management Regulation (FMR) and Federal Travel Regulation (FTR...version of the Federal Management Regulation (FMR) and the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR...A. Background Looseleaf pages of the FMR and the FTR were originally made...
The official Website of the Federal Court of Canada provides online access to federal court decisions from 1990 through the present. The Federal Court has jurisdiction over all cases involving federal statutes and includes both a trial and appellate court. Users can access the court's decisions alphabetically by case name, by date, or by docket number. Users can also download the current Federal Court Rules as well as the previous version of the Rules from 1978. The decisions are available in .rtf, HTML, and WordPerfect formats; the Rules can be accessed in Word97, .rtf, or .pdf formats. For the Website of Canada's Supreme Court, see the July 16, 1999 Scout Report.
Downs, R. R.; Ledley, T. S.; Mogil, H.; Reiff, P.
The goal of the Federation of Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP Federation) is "to establish and continuously improve science-based end-to-end processes that increase the quality and value of Earth science products and services throughout their life-cycle for the benefit of the ESIP Federation's stakeholder communities." In order to attain that goal, members of the ESIP Federation work together to develop educational products that utilize Earth science data and information and to coordinate related outreach efforts to increase the use of Earth science information in formal and informal educational contexts. In this presentation we will describe some of our educational products, many of which can be viewed on the ESIP Federation Education Center Web site; and describe some of our outreach efforts, which range from attending teacher professional meetings, and running teacher workshops to make our products more visible and usable, to presenting our products at educational and science meetings to help develop our pool of collaborators.
Full Text Available This study investigated the model of learning environment and graduates' transition period from higher education to employment. The responses to a questionnaire of 13,532 graduates from eight countries were analyzed using a structural equation modeling approach. The tested model indicates a close fit based on Chi-square = 233.34, df = 10, p < 0.001; Chi-square / df = 23.33; CFI = 0.984; RMSEA = 0.042. The results showed that learning environment, as composite of structure of courses, institutional support, infrastructure, student activity, and research, affects graduates competencies. Graduates' competencies were shown to have a significant relationship with graduates' transition period in term of job search duration. The higher graduates' competencies are; the shorter the transition period will be. In addition, transition period is also influenced by study abroad experience. Graduates with experience abroad reported to have a shorter period of job search.
Gagnon, Joseph; Raskin, Matthew; Remache, Julie; Sack, Brian
Since December 2008, the Federal Reserve's traditional policy instrument, the target federal funds rate, has been effectively at its lower bound of zero. In order to further ease the stance of monetary policy as the economic outlook deteriorated, the Federal Reserve purchased substantial quantities of assets with medium and long maturities. In this paper, we explain how these purchases were implemented and discuss the mechanisms through which they can affect the economy. We present evidence t...
This paper studies the actions of the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank during the financial crisis from 2007-2012. Whereas the first two parts concentrate on asset bubble theory and the development of the housing bubble, the third part rates the performance of the Federal Reserve during the crisis. The chosen scoring model approach shows that the average performance of five specific measures taken by the Federal Reserve only ranks between fair and good. Comparing Stiglitz (2010) viewpoints with thos...
Federalism is an important and broadly implemented feature in today's international community of polities. Around 70% of the world states are believed to have at least some element of federalism, and around 20 of the world's nations are considered to be federal states, and 40% of the world's population lives in these countries. The purpose of this thesis is therefore to investigate federalism. To see what reasons that is behind federalism and if federalism itself have any effects on issues su...
Schwarte, Andreas; Haase, Peter; Schmidt, Michael; Hose, Katja; Schenkel, Ralf
We present an experimental study of large-scale RDF federations on top of the Bio2RDF data sources, involving 29 data sets with more than four billion RDF triples deployed in a local federation. Our federation is driven by FedX, a highly optimized federation mediator for Linked Data. We discuss design decisions, technical aspects, and experiences made in setting up and optimizing the Bio2RDF federation, and present an exhaustive experimental evaluation of the federation scen...
Theisen, Janelle L; Sandau, Kristin E
Because of the ongoing nursing shortage and the increasing acuity of patients, new graduate nurses must master both psychomotor and critical thinking skills rapidly. Inadequate orientation leads to high turnover rates for new graduates. Health care leaders must examine the competencies needed for new graduate nurses to succeed in this environment. A critical review of studies (n = 26) was conducted to identify crucial competencies that are needed for new graduate nurses to be successful. Six areas were identified in which new graduates lacked competence: communication, leadership, organization, critical thinking, specific situations, and stress management. Strategies were identified to improve the transition of new graduates. Hospitals should consider implementing nurse residency programs that include strategies for clear communication and conflict management, prioritization skills, and leadership development. Schools of nursing should add communication strategies to their current focus on critical thinking, clinical reasoning, and simulation scenarios and include situation-specific skills such as end-of-life scenarios. Further research should focus on stress management, leadership, clinical reasoning, and evaluation of measurement tools for new graduates. PMID:23799789
Improving the energy economics of manufacturing is essential to revitalizing the industrial base of advanced economies. This paper evaluates ex-ante a federal policy option aimed at promoting industrial cogeneration—the production of heat and electricity in a single energy-efficient process. Detailed analysis using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and spreadsheet calculations suggest that industrial cogeneration could meet 18% of U.S. electricity requirements by 2035, compared with its current 8.9% market share. Substituting less efficient utility-scale power plants with cogeneration systems would produce numerous economic and environmental benefits, but would also create an assortment of losers and winners. Multiple perspectives to benefit/cost analysis are therefore valuable. Our results indicate that the federal cogeneration policy would be highly favorable to manufacturers and the public sector, cutting energy bills, generating billions of dollars in electricity sales, making producers more competitive, and reducing pollution. Most traditional utilities, on the other hand, would lose revenues unless their rate recovery procedures are adjusted to prevent the loss of profits due to customer owned generation and the erosion of utility sales. From a public policy perspective, deadweight losses would be introduced by market-distorting federal incentives (ranging annually from $30 to $150 million), but these losses are much smaller than the estimated net soc much smaller than the estimated net social benefits of the federal cogeneration policy. - Highlights: ? Industrial cogeneration could meet 18% of US electricity demand by 2035, vs. 8.9% today. ? The policy would be highly favorable to manufacturers and the public. ? Traditional electric utilities would likely lose revenues. ? Deadweight loss would be introduced by tax incentives. ? The policy’s net social benefits would be much larger.
Glennie, Elizabeth; Bonneau, Kara; vanDellen, Michelle; Dodge, Kenneth A.
Background/Context: Efforts to improve student achievement should increase graduation rates. However, work investigating the effects of student-level accountability has consistently demonstrated that increases in the standards for high school graduation are correlated with increases in dropout rates. The most favored explanation for this finding…
Pike, Gary R.; Graunke, Steven S.
Despite being criticized as unrepresentative and misleading, retention and graduation rates are an important part of college-search web sites and accountability systems, and they frequently have been used as indicators of institutional quality and effectiveness in educational research. Retention and graduation rates are often compared over time…
Background The transition from veterinary student to member of the veterinary profession is known to be challenging. This study aimed to determine and compare the opinions of final year veterinary students and recent graduates on graduate attributes that ease this transition. Methods The study was carried out across 3 veterinary schools in the United Kingdom. Paper based or electronic surveys were used. Final year students in the 3 schools were surveyed either electronically (school A) or on paper (schools B and C). Student cohort sizes were 112, 227 and 102 respectively. Recent graduates were contacted either at a reunion event (school A) or electronically from database records (school B and school C). Cohort sizes of contacted graduates were 80, 175 and 91 respectively. Respondents were asked to rate 42 individual attributes on a 5 point Likert scale. Focus groups with final year students and recent graduates and telephone interviews with recent graduates were carried out. Data were analysed by two researchers through a combination of manual coding and thematic analysis. Data were grouped into broad themes then sorted into narrower themes. Data were then searched for counter examples. Results Response rates for final year students were 34% (school A), 36% (school B) and 40% (school C). Response rates for recent graduates were 56% (school A), 20% (school B) and 11% (school C). There was a high level of agreement between the cohorts with respect to communication skills, problem solving and decision making skills, recognition of own limitations and the ability to cope with pressure all rated unanimously important or very important. Business acumen, knowledge of veterinary practice management and research skills were the 3 attributes ranked at the bottom of the list. Nine attributes were identified with a significantly different (p integrity, friendliness and compassion higher than final year students. Conclusions Recent graduates and final year students rate highly the attributes which help foster the client/veterinarian relationship. Recent graduates reflect that a focus on knowledge based attributes is less important once in practice when compared to final year. The study confirms the importance to recent graduates and final year students of attributes considered as non-technical in the transition to working in the veterinary profession. PMID:21939551
Hudson Neil PH
Full Text Available Abstract Background The transition from veterinary student to member of the veterinary profession is known to be challenging. This study aimed to determine and compare the opinions of final year veterinary students and recent graduates on graduate attributes that ease this transition. Methods The study was carried out across 3 veterinary schools in the United Kingdom. Paper based or electronic surveys were used. Final year students in the 3 schools were surveyed either electronically (school A or on paper (schools B and C. Student cohort sizes were 112, 227 and 102 respectively. Recent graduates were contacted either at a reunion event (school A or electronically from database records (school B and school C. Cohort sizes of contacted graduates were 80, 175 and 91 respectively. Respondents were asked to rate 42 individual attributes on a 5 point Likert scale. Focus groups with final year students and recent graduates and telephone interviews with recent graduates were carried out. Data were analysed by two researchers through a combination of manual coding and thematic analysis. Data were grouped into broad themes then sorted into narrower themes. Data were then searched for counter examples. Results Response rates for final year students were 34% (school A, 36% (school B and 40% (school C. Response rates for recent graduates were 56% (school A, 20% (school B and 11% (school C. There was a high level of agreement between the cohorts with respect to communication skills, problem solving and decision making skills, recognition of own limitations and the ability to cope with pressure all rated unanimously important or very important. Business acumen, knowledge of veterinary practice management and research skills were the 3 attributes ranked at the bottom of the list. Nine attributes were identified with a significantly different (p Conclusions Recent graduates and final year students rate highly the attributes which help foster the client/veterinarian relationship. Recent graduates reflect that a focus on knowledge based attributes is less important once in practice when compared to final year. The study confirms the importance to recent graduates and final year students of attributes considered as non-technical in the transition to working in the veterinary profession.
Growing the FutureWith the loss of plant breeding positions in the public sector, there has been a loss of the infrastructure that supports plant breeding training, including a reduction in professors with plant breeding expertise, a critical mass of students often too low to provide a stimulating learning environment, and the inability to offer courses with sufficient audience. Although studies support the positive impact of a strong community on learning, currently, students are often trained in isolation. The PBTN has been established to mitigate isolation barriers that currently limit plant breeding education at most institutions and in most plant breeding work places around the world. PBTN supports online course sharing (See list of courses). The PBTN online graduate student community is a place for students around the world to make contact with other plant breeding students, providing an opportunity to exchange ideas, develop interpersonal skills (such as communication and collaboration) and build a plant breeding student community.If you have questions about the community, graduate work in plant breeding, or career oportunities, please contact us. Jamie ShermanDirector-TCAP graduate community and PBTNjsherman@montana.edu Mary BrakkeDirector-TCAP undergraduate email@example.com Deana Namuth-CovertDirector-Plant Breeding Training Network (PBTN)firstname.lastname@example.org This community is funded by the Triticeae CAP project.
Sonia Regina Abdalla, Iglesias; Nildo Alves, Batista.
Full Text Available Este trabalho investiga a língua inglesa como requisito na formação dos pós-graduandos da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, analisando os rendimentos acadêmicos no exame de proficiência e nas autoavaliações em relação à língua, bem como a importância que esses alunos atribuem ao inglês nessa fase d [...] e formação. Desenvolveu-se uma pesquisa exploratória com abordagens quanti e qualitativa, análise documental, questionários e entrevistas. Identificou-se que os pós-graduandos se autoavaliam como bons leitores, consideram imprescindível o domínio da língua inglesa em seu cotidiano profissional e reconhecem que a maioria das pesquisas na área da saúde é veiculada em inglês. Seus rendimentos no exame de proficiência mostram que, de cada quatro alunos, um é reprovado na primeira tentativa; falam e escrevem pouco, e a maioria necessita de outro profissional para elaboração do abstract. Consideram o domínio da língua inglesa fundamental para profissionais que buscam se destacar num mundo competitivo, mas a exigência formal na pós-graduação é considerada uma sobrecarga. Entendemos que o inglês não é a língua dominante para a maioria dos pesquisadores, o que ocasiona um dilema para leitores e autores que querem atrair o interesse para seu trabalho. Apesar de a língua inglesa ser reconhecida como a língua franca da ciência e mediar o atual processo de publicação científica, esta discussão tem sido crescente e polêmica. Abstract in english This article analyzes English proficiency as a requirement for graduate studies at the Federal University in São Paulo, Brazil, analyzing students' performance on the proficiency test and their self-assessment and the importance they ascribe to the language during this phase of their training. An ex [...] ploratory study was conducted with quantitative and qualitative approaches, document analysis, questionnaires, and interviews. Graduate students rated their own English reading skills as good. They considered a command of the language essential for their professional work and acknowledged that most research in the health field is published in English. One out of four students failed the proficiency test on the first attempt. Their speaking and writing skills were limited, and the majority needed another professional to prepare an abstract in English. They considered a command of English essential for professionals seeking to stand out in a competitive world, but viewed the formal English requirement for graduate studies as an overburden. English is not most researchers' first language, thus creating a dilemma for readers as well as authors who wish to attract attention to their work. Although English is acknowledged as the lingua franca of science and mediates the current scientific publication process, the issue has become increasingly controversial.
Ro?. 2, ?. 1 (2013), s. 25-30. ISSN 1805-6806 R&D Projects: GA ?R(CZ) GAP410/11/0423 Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : Czechoslovakia * federalization * separation Subject RIV: AB - History
Dr. Michael G. Finn
Study of the stay rate in the United States of foreign nationals receiving their S/E doctorates from U.S. universities. This study has estimated stay rates in 2007 for persons receiving a doctorate one, two, five, and ten years previously. The two-year stay rate (for 2005 graduates) recovered from the decline experienced earlier in the decade. The five-year stay rate (for 2002 graduates) is lower; the ten-year stay rate (for 1997 graduates) reached a new high.
This paper discusses federal energy and environmental policies and their impact on the U.S. economy. A brief history of the federal government`s role in developing scientific and technological infrastructure is given. Current trends in technology are summarized, with an emphasis on global aspects, and their impact on the economy is discussed. The need for a national technology policy, including continued research and development funding, is discussed and key elements of such a policy are outlined.
Bagi, Faqir S.; Reeder, Richard J.; Calhoun, Samuel D.
One third of rural Appalachian counties are distressed. Central Appalachia has particularly high poverty, unemployment, and dropout rates. Appalachia received more per capita federal funds than the U.S. average, but only in urban areas. Appalachia received less than average funding for community resources and human resources, which create jobs and…
Oware, Daniel Wilfred
The purpose of this study is to examine graduate students? views on information literacy with the aim of understanding their opinions and experience about some aspects of information literacy and its importance in academic work or research, and also to ascertain the sources of information graduate students use most. Mixed methods of both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used, combining online survey and face-to-face interviews to examine graduate students? views and experience...
This paper analyses polytechnic graduate placement in Finnish manufacturing. The paper uses a register-based data source covering white-collar manufacturing workers over the period 1995-2004. Taken together, the results show that wages and job classification are higher for polytechnic graduates, once other covariates are controlled for. Despite this, almost 20% of graduates from polytechnics have been forced to take a position in manufacturing in which they can be considered to be ‘overeduc...
Lungu, Eliza-Olivia; Militaru, Eva; Mocanu, Cristina
Although there is a rich literature on the rate of occupational mobility, there are important gaps in understanding patterns of movement among occupations. We employ a network based approach to explore occupational mobility of the Romanian university graduates in the first years after graduation (2003 - 2008). We use survey data on their career mobility to build an empirical occupational mobility network (OMN) that covers all their job movements in the considered period. We construct the network as directed and weighted. The nodes are represented by the occupations (post coded at 3 digits according to ISCO-88) and the links are weighted with the number of persons switching from one occupation to another. This representation of data permits us to use the novel statistical techniques developed in the framework of weighted directed networks in order to extract a set of stylized facts that highlight patterns of occupational mobility: centrality, network motifs.
Goldacre, Mj; Davidson, Jm; Lambert, Tw
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether graduate and non-graduate entrants to medical school differ in their views on the first year spent in medical practice as a pre-registration house officer. METHODS: We carried out postal questionnaire surveys of medical qualifiers of 1999, 2000 and 2002 from all UK medical schools, 1 year after qualification. The timing of the study slightly pre-dates the recent major expansion in graduate entry fast-track courses. RESULTS: Differences between graduate and non-...
Nuclear in the Russian Federation: 31 reactors at 10 nuclear power plants, 454 nuclear material storage facilities, 16475 sources of ionizing radiation, 1508 storage facilities for radioactive material and radioactive waste. Nuclear power: 10 nuclear power plants with total installed capacity of 23.242 GWe, Total nuclear electricity generation 160 bln kWh in 2007, Share of nuclear electricity in the overall electricity generation is 16%. Future of nuclear power: Nuclear power development program for the period from 2007 to 2020: Lifetime extension of existing units, Completion of construction of nuclear power units at existing sites (Rostov-2, Kalinin-4, Beloyarsk-4). Construction of new nuclear power plants near existing NPP (Novovoronezh NPP-2, Leningrad NPP-2, Kursk NPP-2,Kola NPP-2) and Construction of new nuclear power plants: (Nizhny Novgorod NPP, Tver NPP, Central NPP, South Urals NPP, Seversk NPP, Primorskaya NPP, 2 floating nuclear power plants at Severodvinsk and Pevek). Radioactive waste management: The Law on radioactive waste management will be introduced to State Duma in June 2008. The radioactive waste management strategy includes construction and reconstruction of: Storage facilities for some 120 thousand cubic meters, RW treatment complexes at nuclear fuel cycle enterprises, Storage facilities and RW treatment complexes at nuclear power plants, Storage facilities for RW coming from non-nuclear facilities for 140 thousand cubic meters, Decommissioning 40 thousand cubic meters, Decommissioning of 140 facilities, Decontamination of territories, buildings and constructions with the total area of 1658 thousand square meters. Development of competences: In 2006 about 313 thousand employees were working at nuclear industry (Top level managers - 0,6%, Intermediate level managers - 6,0%, Specialists - 31,6%, Workers - 62%). The demand of Rosatom State Corporation will be 7000 - 8000 persons annually of more then 140 professions, among them: 2800 persons with higher professional education, 2000 persons with specialized professional education, 2200 persons with elementary education. Total expenses for education and training will be about 600 million rubles (about 25 million dollars). WIN activities: There are about 400 female members of the Russian Nuclear Society (RNS), 35 of them are members of the North-West branch of the RNS. All events are held on behalf of the RNS
Flora, Bethany H.
In the US, graduate assistants are an integral part of a university's educational and operational climate. Graduate assistants provide teaching, research or administrative services to the educational enterprise in exchange for professional experience and a financial stipend. Recent strikes of graduate teaching assistants at New York University…
This paper reports on an investigation comparing the employment salary of bachelor degree in accounting graduates with associate degree in accounting graduates two years after their graduation. Using hierarchical regression analyses, this study shows the predictive strength of participants' academic qualifications, age, gender, GPA,…
...October 1, 2012. for Students with Intellectual Students with Intellectual Disabilities Expenditure Report. Disabilities...Education, Federal Student Aid, Grants & Campus-Based...Community Service Expenditure waiver request can...
...2012-2013 award year expenditures. is located in the...Education, Federal Student Aid, Grants & Campus-Based...for October 1, 2013. Students with Intellectual Disabilities Students with Intellectual Expenditure Report....
Tveter, Walter M.; Melve, Ingrid; Linden, Mikael
Purpose: This paper aims to outline considerations for trust management between established national identity federations in education and research. It also aims to discuss policy issues related to cross-federation and to compare existing academic identity federations. The paper seeks to investigate Nordic national federations and to introduce the…
Full Text Available Studies and opinions on the future of higher education in the United States have become a true cottage industry. A new book or a new policy proposal seems to appear every week. Most of the attention has focused on the undergraduate experience, especially in regard to costs, content, delivery, and outcomes. For example, outstanding student loans total roughly $1 trillion, and federal grants have increased from $6.4 billion in 1981 to $49 billion today. Despite this massive increase in federal support, the costs of higher education have increased at a rapid pace, making it beyond the reach of many middle class families without financial aid and loans. Given the high costs, students, families, and employers are beginning to question the value of many courses and degrees. Are graduates prepared to be good citizens as well as to be employable? The opportunity for disruption is now apparent, as both students and employers pursue new education delivery systems, such as massively open online courses. Although the initial frenzy for these courses may have abated, the "unbundling" of the residential college experience is well underway as students combine various offerings from different sources into a personalized education and universities struggle to respond.
US Department of Transportation, 2006
The second edition of the "Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation", a set of resources designed to provide background materials for an undergraduate or graduate university course on bicycling and walking, is now available from the FHWA. The FHWA distributes this teaching resource to…
This doctorate thesis introduces a framework for information and communication technology resource federation. Resource federation in the context of this work is a concept for sharing and allowing access to heterogeneous resources across multiple administrative domains. Three design artifacts are delivered as the main research result: a federation model, a federation methodology, and a system instantiation. The artifacts abstract from the types of resources to be federated. Examples of resour...
DiCenso, Alba; Housden, Laura; Heale, Roberta; Carter, Nancy; Canitz, Brenda; MacDonald-Rencz, Sandra; Buckley, Christine Rieck
Health services research benefits from the active engagement of researchers and policy makers from generation through to application of research-based knowledge. One approach to help graduate students learn about the policy world is through participation in a policy practicum. This is an opportunity to work for a defined period of time in a setting where policy decisions are made. This article focuses on the integration of the policy practicum into graduate nursing education for advanced practice nurses. Ten graduate students and two postdoctoral fellows who had recently completed their practicums and three policy makers who had recently supervised students in provincial, federal, and international practicum projects were invited to submit a narrative about the experience. Based on qualitative analysis of the narratives, this article outlines objectives of the practicum, the policy practicum journey, student learning, and finally, the benefits and challenges of the experience. PMID:23639957
Farmer, Tod Allen; Higham, J. Russell, III
As American society becomes increasingly diverse, it is paramount that university graduate programs produce culturally responsive leaders capable of synergistically energizing an increasingly heterogeneous work force. Inherent in this charge is the egalitarian approach to graduate program design. Culturally responsive leadership development is…
Debuse, J.; Lawley, M.
The majority of ICT graduates must begin their careers by successfully fulfilling the requirements advertised within online recruitment sites. Although considerable research into employer requirements is commonly undertaken when preparing curricula, studies investigating how well the graduate attributes on which curricula are based match those…
Cardon, Phillip L.; Rogers, George E.
A modified Delphi technique was used to identify the factors that positively influence technology education teachers' decision to enroll in graduate education programs and the barriers to their enrollment in advanced degree programs. Two pairs of Delphi panels were established. The doctoral panels consisted of 15 recent doctoral graduates and 30…
Harvey, Lee; Moon, Sue; Geall, Vicki; Bower, Ray
Employer and employee perceptions of the skills and abilities needed by college graduates in a changing workplace were examined through semistructured, in-depth interviews with a sample of 84 strategic managers, 84 college graduates, and 35 nongraduate employees in 91 organizations across England and Scotland that represented a mix of organization…
Woods, Donald R.; Briedis, Daina; Perna, Angelo
Accreditation agencies have outlined professional skills that should be possessed by engineering graduates. The question this paper addresses is "What professional skills do our recent graduates actually use and value as being important?" Young engineering professionals, as well as professionals in many different professions, were asked…
Rainsbury, Elizabeth; Hodges, Dave; Burchell, Noel; Lay, Mark
New Zealand business students and graduates made similar rankings of the five most important workplace competencies: computer literacy, customer service orientation, teamwork and cooperation, self-confidence, and willingness to learn. Graduates placed greater importance on most of the 24 competencies, resulting in a statistically significant…
Shaw, Sue; Fairhurst, David
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of generational difference and reflect on how this might impact on organisational approaches to graduate development. Design/methodology/approach: The paper explores the characteristics of Generation Y graduates and the implications of their entry into the workplace for organisations'…
Makkinje, Jan A
We use self-reported data from 2011--2014 and determine the academic profile of accepted students at physics graduate programs in the United States. We analyze the accepted students' grade point averages and physics Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores. We also compare the physics GRE scores of accepted students to their grade point averages.
Haggerty, Kevin D.
This article aims to demystify some of the realities of graduate education for the next generation of professors in the humanities and social sciences. Its "tell it like it is" orientation is designed to ensure that graduate students have a firm understanding of the institution they are entering, and will hopefully help them avoid any number of…
Dewberry, David R.
After the turbulent labor history of America in the early to mid twentieth century, there has been a general decline of unions. Nevertheless, many graduate school teaching assistants are unionizing in attempts to gain better pay and benefits and remove themselves from an "Ivory Sweatshop." This article discusses a history of unions within graduate…
This paper analyses polytechnic graduate placement in Finnish manufacturing. The paper uses a register-based data source covering white-collar manufacturing workers over the period 1995-2004. Taken together, the results show that wages and job classification are higher for polytechnic graduates, once other covariates are controlled for. Despite…
This study assesses student satisfaction with online course reserves in a graduate environment. Surveys indicated that students prefer online course reserves over in-library print course reserves. Pre-printed course readers are preferred when the purchase price of the reader is less than the cost of printing online reserves. Graduate students are…
Smokvina, Gloria J.; Bratt, Ellen M.
Reasons for the job selections of 64 associate degree nursing graduates were examined in a pilot study at Purdue University. The basic research question was whether nursing graduates initially view "maintenance" or motivational factors as more important. Based on Herzberg's theory of motivation, information is provided on maintenance or hygiene…
Shaver, Harold C.
A survey of the degree of job satisfaction felt by 404 news/editorial and advertising graduates indicates that journalism graduates develop satisfaction and dissatisfaction with jobs in a manner usually consistent with Frederick Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory of job satisfaction. (GW)
Lin, Hsuan L; Rowland, Michael L; Fields, Henry W
Currently, dental school graduates are viewed as a resource by their institutions and those who underwrite their educational costs. The purpose of this study was to determine the percentage of dental school graduates who practiced dentistry in the same state as their dental school. Using the American Dental Association database of approximately 35,000 graduates between 1985 and 1995, the data were analyzed to determine the percentage of graduates who were retained and currently reside in the state of their dental school versus those located outside of that state ("exported"). It was also possible to calculate the number of dentists who moved into each state but were educated elsewhere ("imported"). The ratio of imported to exported graduates was calculated and indicated a positive flow into the state when greater than one and an outflow when less than one. Overall, mean graduate retention was 67.3 percent, 65.4 percent, and 44.3 percent for public, public state-related, and private schools, respectively, while the median graduate retention of 71.1 percent and 71.6 percent for public and public state-related schools made them indistinguishable. The mean import-export ratio for public school graduates was 2.9, indicating that on average nearly three dentists were imported to a state for every public dental school graduate exported. States' total import-export ratio for all types of graduates was 2.2, indicating that on average a little over two dentists were imported to every one exported by a state with a dental school of any kind. The medians for all these ratios were much more modest (0.95 and 0.80 for public dental schools and states with dental schools), indicating that they sent more students out of the state than they imported. Six public dental schools exported greater than 50 percent of their dental graduates, while five public schools retained more than 85 percent of their graduates. Only one private state-related school retained less than 50 percent of its students. In view of these results, it is apparent there is great variability in graduate retention, and the total yield of new dentists for each state is determined by both the retention rate for graduates and its import-export ratio. Most public and public state-related schools do a good job of retaining graduates. When they do send graduates out of state, the median shows they do not gain quite enough to offset those exported. In most instances, this becomes highly problematic only when a low retention rate is paired with a low import-export ratio. Each state must consider its unique situation carefully and consider its yield, the types of problems that face the state in terms of dental workforce, and possible solutions. PMID:17170323
Purpose: In light of concerns about the job market, the American College of Radiology (ACR) studied the employment situation of 1997 radiation oncology graduates, and the status and plans of radiation oncology training programs. Methods and Materials: In April-May 1997, and in a December follow-up, the ACR surveyed all radiation oncology residency directors about the employment situation of their 1997 residency and fellowship graduates and about their programs. Ninety-four percent of those surveyed responded. We compared findings with surveys from 1995 and 1996. Differences were assessed with p ? 0.05 as the test of statistical significance. Results: By six months after graduation, 98% of residency graduates and all fellowship graduates were employed. Program directors reported approximately 95% of graduates had positions that reasonably matched their training and personal employment goals. Programs have reduced beginning residency slots by 22% over the past three years, and further reductions are planned. Many observers were disappointed with fill rates in the 1997 National Match, but by the December follow-up, 96% of beginning-year residency slots were filled. Conclusion: Unemployment continues to be low, and one 'softer' indicator, the job market perceptions of residency program directors, showed improvement
Bloshenko Tatiana Alekseevna
Full Text Available The Code of Joint Ore Resources Committee (the JORC Code is widely adopted be mining industry for the compiling of mineral resources and reserves reporting. The results of information transfer from one system to another will depend on the nature of deposit and complexness of its geological construction of mineral extraction tax base. The basis for placing the resources on the State Balance Sheet in Russian Federation are the opinion letters of the state expert appraisal bodies, according to which, the licenses are granted to the users of subsurface resources. For the purpose of taxation, the chapter 26 of the Tax Code of Russian Federation accepted the “multicomponent complex ores”. However, this term is interpreted in different ways, which complicates the definition of the taxation objects. The author of this article proposed to state the whole list of minerals, in the production license. It is proposed to exclude the “multicomponent complex ores” term from the chapter 26 of the Tax Code of Russian Federation, for the purpose of non-admission of interpretation of this term in different ways. While processing mineral raw material we have basic product and by-products and wastes products. The sale proceeds are 3% from the accounting basic production. If the sale proceeds from realization of the by-product is more than 3%, this product is basic. This criterion is developed for taxation. The use of recycled resources is aimed at reducing of environmental risks. It is important for economic and environmental stability of country. Methods for determination of tax rates on mining (exampled at the estimation of raw materials’ cost and indirect estimation method for determining the amount of minerals and the price factor are considered in this article.
The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is issuing this final regulation to amend the Federal Employees Health Benefits Acquisition Regulation (FEHBAR). It establishes requirements, including audit, for Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHB) experience-rated carriers' Large Provider Agreements. It also modifies the dollar threshold for review of carriers' subcontract agreements; revises the definitions of Cost or Pricing Data and Experience-rate to reflect mental health parity requirements; updates the contract records retention requirement; updates the FEHB Clause Matrix; and conforms subpart and paragraph references to Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) revisions made since we last updated the FEHBAR. PMID:15929224
...Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition...Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). An asterisk...at http://www.regulations.gov. DATES: For...Requirements for Market Research. * V...Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices for...
...Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition...Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) rules agreed...at http://www.regulations.gov. DATES: For...Requirements for Market Research. V...Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices for...
...Federal Perkins Loan Program Master Promissory Note SUMMARY: The Federal Perkins Loan Master Promissory Note (MPN) provides the terms and...Federal Perkins Loan Program Master Promissory Note. OMB Control Number:...
...Company (``Federated'') and Federated ETF Trust (the ``Trust...at http://www.sec.gov/search/search.htm or by calling (202) 551-8090...actively- managed investment series: Federated Active Ultrashort Fixed...
...Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-40: Introduction, Small Entity Compliance Guide, Federal...Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-40; Introduction AGENCIES: Department of Defense (DoD...and to protect taxpayers from doing business with contractors that are not...
...Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program Regulations-- Servicemembers Civil...considered public records. Title of Collection: William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program (DL)...
...false Federal use of non-Federal frequencies. 2.103 Section 2.103 Telecommunication...COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL FREQUENCY ALLOCATIONS AND RADIO TREATY MATTERS...Allocation, Assignment, and Use of Radio Frequencies § 2.103 Federal use of...
Purpose: The standards of performance of healthcare professionals are now well defined and used to determine health professional curricula. Empirical research evidence exists in medicine and nursing which explores how well these curricula prepare their students for clinical practice but not in the radiography profession. This research aims to determine how well prepared newly qualified radiographers were for clinical practice and to identify strengths and weaknesses in their preparedness to inform curriculum development. Methods: A postal questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to obtain data from newly qualified diagnostic radiographers and their work-based supervisors. The questionnaire assessed graduate preparedness against a number of items drawn from published documents which define UK radiographic practice. Statistical analysis, using ANOVA and Wilcoxon, examined differences between the groups' perception of preparedness. A sample of graduates and their work supervisors were interviewed to explore preparedness. Results: There were significant differences (p ? 0.05) between; the preparedness scores of the graduates and supervisors, with supervisors rating the graduates higher than the graduates themselves; subscales of teamwork (p ? 0.05), personal attributes (p ? 0.05) and digital skills (p ? 0.01). No significant differences were found between graduates employed in their training hospital and those employed elsewhere. Interview data reveald elsewhere. Interview data revealed perceived areas of graduate strength, weaknesses and areas for curriculum development. Suggestions for improvement to the methodology were identified for exploring preparedness in other health professional programmes. Conclusion: The graduates were well prepared for their role as a diagnostic radiographer. Some curriculum development is needed in specific areas and advice on methodological improvement is offered
Full Text Available Abstract Backgrounds In Iran medical students are selected from high school graduates via a very competitive national university entrance exam. New proposals have been seriously considered for admitting students from those with bachelor degrees. We assessed the opinions of different stakeholders on the current situation of admission into medicine in Iran, and their views on positive and negative aspects of admitting graduates into medicine. Methods We conducted five focus group discussions and seven in-depth interviews with stakeholders including medical students, science students, university professors of basic sciences, medical education experts, and policy makers. Main themes were identified from the data and analyzed using content analysis approach. Results Medical students believed "graduate admission" may lead to a more informed choice of medicine. They thought it could result in admission of students with lower levels of academic aptitude. The science students were in favor of "graduate admission". The education experts and the professors of basic science all mentioned the shortcomings of the current system of admission and considered "graduate admission" as an appropriate opportunity for correcting some of the shortcomings. The policy makers pointed out the potential positive influences of "graduate admission" on strengthening basic science research. They thought, however, that "graduate admission" may result in lengthening the overall duration of medical education, which is already long in Iran (over 7 years. On the whole, the participants thought that "graduate admission" is a step in the right direction for improving quality of medical education. Conclusion "Graduate admission" has the potential to correct some of shortcomings of medical education. Unlike other countries where "graduate admission" is used mainly to admit students who are mentally mature, in Iran the main objective seems to be strengthening basic sciences.
Schlesinger, S E
A total of 436 graduate psychology training programs, including both academic and internship programs, were surveyed to determine the extent to which they included issues of substance misuse in their curricula. The survey consisted of a 37-item questionnaire and a multiple-mailing methodology that yielded a 78% response rate. The results indicate that a majority of programs provide students with at least some exposure to substance misuse issues, that programs focus both on alcoholism and on misuse of other drugs, that misuse is considered from several different combinations of perspectives (theory, research and treatment), and that both abstinence and moderation training are included in many curricula as potential goals of treatment. Additionally, data are presented on locations of training, measurement of student competence, professional involvement of faculty and staff members in the area of substance misuse, and plans that programs are making for future research and training activities. The role of psychology in general in the provision of substance misuse training is also discussed. PMID:6727372
Griesshammer, Harald W.
Effective Fall 2008, GW Physics implemented a new graduate curriculum, addressing nation-wide problems: (1) wide gap between 50-year-old curricula and the proficiencies expected to start research; (2) high attrition rates and long times to degree; (3) limited resources in small departments to cover all topics deemed essential. The new curriculum: (1) extends each course to 4 hours weekly for better in-depth coverage and cautious additions; (2) decreases the number of core-courses per semester to 2, with less ``parallel-processing'' of only loosely correlated lectures; (3) increases synergies by stricter logical ordering and synchronisation of courses; (4) frees faculty to regularly offer advanced courses; (5) integrates examples tied to ongoing research in our department; (6) integrates computational methods into core-lectures; (7) encourages focusing on concepts and ``meta-cognitive skills'' in studio-like settings. The new curriculum and qualifying exam, its rationale and assessment criteria will be discussed. This concept is tailored to the needs of small departments with only a few research fields and a close student-teacher relationship.
Leger, Andrew B.; Sue Fostaty Young
This paper reports on the effects of a graduate course on teaching and learning on graduate teaching assistants’ conceptions of teaching and on the teaching philosophy statements that arose from those conceptions. Effects are interpreted from three perspectives: 1) course facilitators' reports of their perceptions of course participants’ conceptual change; 2) an independent assessors' ratings of the evidence of change through blind review of course participants’ initial phil...
...of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01...of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT RATE SCHEDULES...of rate, charge, classification, or service for...of rate, charge, classification, or service...
Sparks, Sarah D.
The author reports on the U.S. Department of Education's "What Works Clearinghouse" that goes beyond "gold standard" research and sets standards for accepting other types of studies. As part of the Institute of Education Sciences' push to make research more relevant to educators, the federal clearinghouse has devised standards by which it can…
The US Federal Trade Commission provides this site, highlighted by the availability of its Privacy Online: A Report to Congress. In addition, the site offers tips on how to protect personal information, transcripts of relevant congressional testimony, useful information about protecting your privacy while you "travel" the Net, and FTC pamphlets on consumer protection and privacy information, among other features.
The U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation WWW Home Page is open for business. At this site, there is information on the U.S. banking industry, financial information on the condition of the Bank Insurance Fund and the Savings Association Insurance Fund, consumer information, and press releases.
Marak, Andrae M.
This article examines the politics behind the initial centralization of primary education in Chihuahua, Mexico during the 1920s and 1930s. The article argues that the centralization of primary education was one of many tools used by the federal government to consolidate its power in the wake of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1917) and create a…
Purdy, Donald A., Jr.
Reviews the creation and accomplishments of the 1984 Comprehensive Crime Control Act. The legislation established the United States Sentencing Commission that works to eliminate unwarranted disparities in sentencing and has abolished parole at the federal level. Discusses how the guidelines work. (MJP)
Full Text Available The longitudinal integrated clerkship (LIC model has recently become a popular educational model for training clinical clerks. LICs permit students to train in multiple disciplines concurrently and typically in rural practice sites. Because little is known about how graduates of LIC programs fare in residency, the purpose of this study was to compare the clinical performance of residents who graduated from rural longitudinal integrated and urban rotation-based clerkships on the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Exam Part ll (MCCQE Part ll taken 16 months into residency. Participants included medical school graduates from the classes of 2009, 2010 and 2011 at the University of Calgary. Each of the 34 LIC students were prospectively matched (first on Medical Skills ll course performance, then grade point average with 4 students from the traditional rotation-based (RB stream to serve as controls (n = 136. A dataset containing 170 graduates was forwarded to the Medical Council of Canada (MCC who subsequently supplied MCCQE Part ll pass/ fail status and total score for each resident, and returned the dataset for our analysis. Data were analyzed using chi-square and analysis of variance. The final dataset for analysis consisted of 30 (88% LIC graduates and 115 (85% RB graduates. Analysis revealed a similar MCCQE Part ll pass rate for LIC (28/30; 93.3% and RB (107/115; 93.0% graduates, p > 0.05. The MCCQE Part ll mean total score for the LIC graduates (M = 527.4; SD = 64.3 did not differ from the mean total score (M = 529.9; SD = 61.4 reported by the RB graduates, F = 0.04, p = 0.85. Completing the majority of clerkship in a rural community over an extended period allowed LIC graduates to perform as well as their peers on a measure of clinical skills taken 16 months into residency.
Gover, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Huray, P.G. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)
Federal laboratories have successfully filled many roles for the public; however, as the 21st Century nears it is time to rethink and reevaluate how Federal laboratories can better support the public and identify new roles for this class of publicly-owned institutions. The productivity of the Federal laboratory system can be increased by making use of public outcome metrics, by benchmarking laboratories, by deploying innovative new governance models, by partnerships of Federal laboratories with universities and companies, and by accelerating the transition of federal laboratories and the agencies that own them into learning organizations. The authors must learn how government-owned laboratories in other countries serve their public. Taiwan`s government laboratory, Industrial Technology Research Institute, has been particularly successful in promoting economic growth. It is time to stop operating Federal laboratories as monopoly institutions; therefore, competition between Federal laboratories must be promoted. Additionally, Federal laboratories capable of addressing emerging 21st century public problems must be identified and given the challenge of serving the public in innovative new ways. Increased investment in case studies of particular programs at Federal laboratories and research on the public utility of a system of Federal laboratories could lead to increased productivity of laboratories. Elimination of risk-averse Federal laboratory and agency bureaucracies would also have dramatic impact on the productivity of the Federal laboratory system. Appropriately used, the US Federal laboratory system offers the US an innovative advantage over other nations.
Levashev, Iu N; Sheremet, A V; Grishko, A N
In the early 21st century, the prevalence rate of tuberculosis infection in the North-West (North-Western Federal District, NWFD) of Russia remains less than the Russian one. There have been no specific changes in the epidemic situation in the past 6 years. It is early to speak about of stabilization as the epidemiological indices are very unsteady. Their nature is suggestive of the preserving tension of the tuberculosis epidemic situation in the NWFD of the Russian Federation. PMID:19227316
Kane, Parsons and Associates, Inc., New York, NY.
As part of a project to increase transfer rates among students at LaGuardia Community College (LCC), a study was conducted to provide baseline data for future comparisons regarding interest in further education among recent LCC graduates, attitudes toward additional education, reasons for and against enrolling in additional educational programs,…
This analysis examines whether the legalization of abortion changed high school graduation rates among the children selected into birth. Unless women in all socio-economic circumstances sought abortions to the same extent, increased use of abortion must have changed the distribution of child development inputs. I find that higher abortion ratios…
Miller, Jane K.; Repinski, Shelby L.; Hayes, Kathryn N.; Bliss, Frederick A.; Trexler, Cary J.
A broad-based survey using the Delphi method was conducted to garner current information from private sector stakeholders and build consensus opinions supporting key ideas for enhancing plant breeder education and training. This study asked respondents to suggest and rate topics and content they deemed most important to plant breeding graduate…
García-Estevez, Javier; Duch-Brown, Néstor
Graduation rates (GRs) remain one of the most frequently applied measures of institutional performance. This paper analyzes the relationship between university characteristics and GRs in Spain, using a dataset for the entire public university system over the period 1998-2008. Since we observe the same university over several years, we address the…
Dworsky, Amy; Perez, Alfred
The economic benefits of a college education are well documented; however, data from studies of young people transitioning out of foster care indicate that the college graduation rate for this population is very low. The child welfare system has traditionally done a poor job of encouraging foster youth to pursue postsecondary education. Although…
Swami, Viren; Furnham, Adrian; Haubner, Tanja; Stieger, Stefan; Voracek, Martin
Very little prior research has examined public perceptions of research funding and the life chances associated with various fields of study. In the present task, 315 members of the Austrian general public rated 34 higher-education courses in terms of funding cuts or increases, and the perceived life chances of graduates, respectively. The results…
McGrath, Shelley M.; Burd, Gail D.
Administrators at a large, public university launched a mandatory success course for freshmen placed on academic probation at the end of their first semester. We compared the rates of course participant and nonparticipant return to good academic standing; persistence to the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th years; and graduation (within 4 to 5 years). The…
Missner, Emily D.
As expected, the Federal Reserve voted to raise interest rates 0.25 percent, the fifth rate raise since June. The interest rate boost is expected to help keep inflation in check during this record period (108 months) of economic expansion. Technology companies have continued to signal healthy economic growth, and unemployment rates remain low. Despite drastic price hikes in gasoline and heating oil prices, consumers are still spending. This worries economists who watched consumers pay little heed to the last four interest rate increases. The quarter point interest rate increase will average out to an extra $1 a month on consumers's credit cards, which in this period of prosperity, will not curb consumers's spending.
The system of natural gas pricing in the Russian federation has undergone significant changes in recent years. For along time price policy was based on the principle of underestimating natural resources and labor cost which, to a certain extent, contributed to stability of the consumer price level in the country. The artificially low pricing of natural gas caused careless consumption in all spheres of economy. In the past, until 1988-1989, gas prices covered the cost of production, processing and transport of natural gas and provided rate of profit of 4-5. With the introduction of a market-based transition the process of raising gas prices to economic level has begun, but is still distorted. The current structure of gas tariffs does not correspond to the costs of serving each class of customer
...Documents. Prices of new books are listed in the first...3206-AM28 Prevailing Rate Systems; Redefinition of the...Appropriated Fund Federal Wage System Wage Areas AGENCY...appropriated fund Federal Wage System (FWS) wage areas...on recent consensus recommendations of the Federal...
...false Federally administered supplementary payments. 416.2020 Section...2020 Federally administered supplementary payments. (a) Payment procedures...federally administered State supplementary payment will be made on...
...Federal Register. (3) Supreme Court. The Supreme Court will be provided with the number...written request to the Director of the Federal Register. (4) Other courts. Other constitutional or legislative courts of the...
The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), through its Federal Justice Statistics Program (FJSP), compiles comprehensive information describing suspects and defendants processed in the Federal criminal justice system. The goal of FJSP is to provide uniform case processing statistics...
Oppel, Fred John III; Hart, Brian; Van Leeuwen, Brian P.
Network-centric systems that depend on mobile wireless ad hoc networks for their information exchange require detailed analysis to support their development. In many cases, this critical analysis is best provided with high-fidelity system simulations that include the effects of network architectures and protocols. In this research, we developed a high-fidelity system simulation capability using an HLA federation. The HLA federation, consisting of the Umbra system simulator and OPNET Modeler network simulator, provides a means for the system simulator to both affect, and be affected by, events in the network simulator. Advances are also made in increasing the fidelity of the wireless communication channel and reducing simulation run-time with a dead reckoning capability. A simulation experiment is included to demonstrate the developed modeling and simulation capability.
While the sinking of the Tenyo Maru and resultant oil spill off Washington's Olympic Peninsula in July 1991 was tragic, it fostered the birth of a cooperative effort by federal and state agencies to train volunteer responders prior to another oil spill. This effort, under the auspices of an Oregon nonprofit group known as SOLV (Stop Oregon Littering and Vandalism), is known as the SOS (SOLV Oil Spill) Steering committee. The purpose of the group is to train volunteer responders to aid federal, state, and local agencies in future oil spill cleanup activities. For the first time in the nation, governmental agencies have joined with corporations and environmental organizations in coordinating educational programs involving citizens in oil spill remediation efforts before the advent of a major spill that could affect coastal areas or inland waterways. Free classes meeting federal and state hazardous waste training criteria are offered quarterly to citizens interested in either volunteer wildlife rehabilitation or beach cleanup. The four-hour course was developed by the US Coast Guard, Oregon State Department of Environmental Quality, and Oregon OSHA. Topics covered include agency responsibilities, site safety plans, general safety, toxicology, material safety data sheets, personal protective equipment, decontamination, heat stress, helicopter safety, and wildlife safety. In addition to course materials, participants receive a certificate and identification card verifying ificate and identification card verifying their training. A 1-800 number, computer data base, and newsletter are used to maintain contact with graduates. So far more than 600 volunteers have been trained and are ready to assist should the need arise
Chow, King Fun; Taylor, Tracy
The purpose of this project was to find out if there were Human Resource (HR) issues and problems in the Federation, how these affected the Federation and provide suggestions to enhance the productivity of the Federation. The ultimate goal was to provide a HR Plan. Research to date has shown the importance of satisfied, motivated and committed employees. Alto assess the job climate of the Federation the job satisfaction level of the staff was measured. The general situation of the working env...
This paper takes a mechanism design approach to federalism and assumes that local preferences are the private information of local jurisdictions. Contractual federalism is defined as a strategy-proof contract among the members of the federation supervised by a benevolent but not omniscient federal authority. We show that even if the size of the information to be elicited is minimal, the incentive compatibility constraint has a bite in terms of flexibility and welfare. Strategy-proof and effic...
Bebchuk, Lucian Arye; Hamdani, Assaf
This paper analyzes the history of federal intervention in corporate law and draws from it lessons for the future. We show that federal intervention has generally not alternated between tightening state law restrictions on corporate insiders and relaxing them. Rather, federal law has systematically replaced state law arrangements with ones imposing tighter constraints on insiders. Without federal intervention, state law would have produced a corporate system that provides substantially weaker...
Davidson, Jeffrey Cody
For the United States to maintain national and global economic stability, colleges must graduate more students. Four-year completion rates have declined and less than one-third of full-time, degree-seeking students graduate in 4 years. Some researchers and policymakers have suggested "leading indicators" to track postsecondary…
Wisconsin Univ. System, Madison. Office of Policy Analysis and Research.
Maintaining a high service rate (defined as the proportion of high school graduates enrolling at a University of Wisconsin (UW) System institution for the following fall term) for Wisconsin high school graduates is one of the goals identified in the second phase of accountability reporting by the UW System. The population of 1999 Wisconsin high…
Oermann, Marilyn H; Poole-Dawkins, Karen; Alvarez, Mimi T; Foster, Beverly B; O'Sullivan, Rita
Nurse managers in focus groups reported that new graduates of all types of prelicensure programs were not prepared clinically for beginning practice. Graduates of accelerated programs had similar knowledge and skills as other new nurses but also brought work experience and maturity to the clinical setting, which fostered their transition to the nursing role. Nurse managers reported generational differences among graduates beyond their educational preparation and explained how those differences affected their learning of new technologies. Educational implications are discussed. PMID:20540465
US Department of Education, 2010
This paper presents the Federal Student Aid Annual Report for 2010. Federal Student Aid experienced an extraordinary year in 2010. The passage and enactment of the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 ushered in sweeping reforms to the federal student financial assistance programs, resulting in tens of billions of dollars in…
The purpose of this paper is to examine the status of employment of people with disabilities in the Federal Government and to make recommendations for improving federal hiring and advancement of employees with disabilities. The paper summarizes the legal authorities and policy guidance, the responsibilities of various federal agencies charged with…
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is a codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. Title 21 of the CFR is reserved for rules of the Food and Drug Administration. Each ti...
Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2012
This paper presents the appendix to "Marketing and Student Recruitment Practices for Master's-Level Graduate Programs, 2012" report. Included in this appendix are: (1) Ratings of the primary practices measured in this study, displayed by institution type; (2) The practice of purchasing prospective student names and addresses; (3) Ratings of…
This article assesses the effectiveness of a reform of the higher education system aimed at stimulating employability and faster access to the labour market for Italian graduates. Using the Taylor formula, the evolution of the employment rates has been followed through the movements and interaction of activity and unemployment rates. The progress…
Weisman, C S; Dear, M R; Alexander, C S; Chase, G A
Comparison of newly hired nursing graduates in their first hospital staff nurse positions and newly hired experienced nurses employed in the same hospitals revealed that the two groups were indistinguishable with respect to turnover patterns and rates, job hunting behavior, and job satisfaction levels. Type of basic nursing education did not alter results. Differences between the two groups were in the opposite direction from that expected based on the literature which emphasizes problems associated with role transition among new graduates. These findings imply that the process of job acclimation is fundamentally the same for the two groups. Implications for hospital and nursing administrators are discussed. PMID:6908964
FELIPE ANDRÉS, L0ZANO-R0JAS.
Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in english Given that a significant proportion of the Chilean education system is financed with household resources, we present human capital contracts (HCC) as an option for higher education financing for students facing financial constraints, but who could use their expected future income flows as collateral [...] . We analyze the feasibility of HCC implementation in Chile over a set of college majors. We find that HCC can partially fund any college major in Chile and finance some majors completely, under certain conditions. Among the variables analyzed, those affecting most severely the contract pricing are initial wage level after graduation and graduation rate.
Lambert, Tw; Goldacre, Mj; Turner, G.
OBJECTIVES: To report the specialty choices of UK medical graduates of 2002, and to compare their choices with those of qualifiers in previous years and with the profile of career grade doctors in different specialties in England. METHODS: We carried out a postal questionnaire survey in the UK and drew comparisons with official data for numbers of specialists. RESULTS: The response rate was 65.3% (2778/4257). A total of 22.7% of the medical graduates of 2002 (28.1% of women, 14.5% of men) exp...
...Requests; Federal Student Aid; William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program General Forbearance...who receive loans through the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program will use this...records. Title of Collection: William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program General...
...Requests; Federal Student Aid; William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program...means by which borrowers in the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) and...records. Title of Collection: William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan)...
Full Text Available In order to use files in database federations, we propose to migrate file data into a relational database. Integrating the database in a federation is then well-understood. This procedure has the advantage that a "real" database is handled supporting transactions and SQL; files obtain a high-level interface for free. This paper presents a specification-based approach to support the process of migrating file data into a relational database, and vice versa. A specification language provides powerful concepts to describe the contents of files and directories. In contrast to similar work, directory structures are taken into account, because they contain useful semantics. Given some descriptive specification of file contents, an adapter is generated moving data from several files into the database, and the other way round.
The author discusses Federal interagency radiation policy coordination. The Committee on Interagency Radiation Research and Policy Coordination (CIRRPC) is explained as being dedicated to the success and forward motion of enhanced radiation research and policy coordination. Both CIRRPC and the Science Panel are staffed with Federal employees. Their expertise includes many and various radiation disciplines including cytogenetics, dosimetry, epidemiology, genetics, health physics, nuclear medicine, radiology, radiation carcinogenesis, and risk assessment. Ten scientific and technical issues in their preliminary order are presented: radioepidemiological tables; de minimis radiation levels; radon progeny health effects; occupational exposure registry; measurement, recording, and control of radiation; food irradiation; use of radiation in science, industry, and medicine; nonionizing radiation; and remedial actions
Chelli, Francesco; Rosti, Luisa
Purpose: To investigate the gender impact of tertiary education on the probability of entering and remaining in self employment. Design/methodology/approach: We exploit a data set on labour market flows produced by the Italian National Statistical Office by interviewing about 62,000 graduate and non graduate individuals in transition between five labour market states: Dependent workers; Self-Employed workers; Unemployed persons; Non active persons. From these data we constructed an average te...
de-Macedo D.V.; de-Paula E.; Torres B.B.
Pedagogic education of graduate students, when and where it exists, is restricted to theoretical courses or to the participation of the students as teachers' assistants. This model is essentially reproductive and offers few opportunities for any significant curriculum innovation. To open an opportunity for novelty we have introduced a new approach in "Biochemistry Teaching", a course included in the Biochemistry Graduate Program of the Biochemistry Department (Universidade Estadual de Campina...
Buser, Boyd R; Swartwout, James; Gross, Cheryl; Biszewski, Maura
In 2014, the American Osteopathic Association, the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education signed a historic Memorandum of Understanding, which creates a single accreditation system for graduate medical education. The present article outlines the history of the agreement and the 5-year transition process, which begins July 1, 2015, and ends June 30, 2020. PMID:25830583
Abiddin, Norhasni Z.; Mel West
Past research had shown that only highly unusual graduate research students had successfully completed their research degree programmes while the relationship with their supervisors was poor. There were many factors that had contributed to poor achievement of foreign students and one of the most important critical factors found which contributed to this problem was the weaknesses in supervision they received. This research was to identify the type and level of support given to foreign graduat...
Full Text Available Abstract Background At Nottingham University more than 95% of entrants to the traditional 5-year medical course are school leavers. Since 2003 we have admitted graduate entrants (GEM to a shortened (4-year course to 'widen access to students from more disadvantaged backgrounds'. We have recently shown that the GEM course widens academic and socio-demographic diversity of the medical student population. This study explored whether GEM students also bring psychological diversity and whether this could be beneficial. Methods We studied: a 217 and 96 applicants to the Nottingham 5- and 4-year courses respectively, applying in the 2002-3 UCAS cycle, and, b 246 school leavers starting the 5-year course and 39 graduate entrants to the 4-year course in October 2003. The psychological profiles of the two groups of applicants and two groups of entrants were compared using their performance in the Goldberg 'Big 5' Personality test, the Personal Qualities Assessment (PQA; measuring interpersonal traits and interpersonal values, and the Lovibond and Lovibond measure of depression, anxiety and stress. For the comparison of the Entrants we excluded the 33 school leavers and seven graduates who took the tests as Applicants. Statistical analyses were undertaken using SPSS software (version 16.0. Results Graduate applicants compared to school leaver applicants were significantly more conscientious, more confident, more self controlled, more communitarian in moral orientation and less anxious. Only one of these differences was preserved in the entrants with graduates being less anxious. However, the graduate entrants were significantly less empathetic and conscientious than the school leavers. Conclusion This study has shown that school leaver and graduate entrants to medical school differ in some psychological characteristics. However, if confirmed in other studies and if they were manifest in the extreme, not all the traits brought by graduates would be desirable for someone aiming for a medical career.
Rosti, Luisa; Chelli, Francesco
We investigate gender differences among Italian self employed graduates focusing on flow data from a ten-year labor market transition matrix (1993-2003). Our data show that tertiary education increases the share of self employment in total employment for male workers but reduces the share for female workers. We argue that the disappointment provoked by the gender wage gap in paid employment may induce some female graduates with low entrepreneurial ability to set up on their own, but once in s...
Dimitris Vergidis; Chris Panagiotakopoulos
This study traces the root causes of dropout rates in one post-graduate course “Studies in Education,” offered by the Hellenic Open University (HOU). From our research findings, it was found that the main cause of dropping out stem from a combination of adult learners’ obligations, specifically balancing their academic workload with their employment commitments and family obligations (mainly for female students). The second reason for dropout rates among adult distance education learner...
United States. Bonneville Power Administration.
This schedule is available for the contract purchase of Firm Power to be used within the Pacific Northwest (PNW). Priority Firm (PF) Power may be purchased by public bodies, cooperatives, and Federal agencies for resale to ultimate consumers, for direct consumption, and for Construction, Test and Start-Up, and Station Service. Rates in this schedule are in effect beginning October 1, 2006, and apply to purchases under requirements Firm Power sales contracts for a three-year period. The Slice Product is only available for public bodies and cooperatives who have signed Slice contracts for the FY 2002-2011 period. Utilities participating in the Residential Exchange Program (REP) under Section 5(c) of the Northwest Power Act may purchase Priority Firm Power pursuant to the Residential Exchange Program. Rates under contracts that contain charges that escalate based on BPA's Priority Firm Power rates shall be based on the three-year rates listed in this rate schedule in addition to applicable transmission charges. This rate schedule supersedes the PF-02 rate schedule, which went into effect October 1, 2001. Sales under the PF-07 rate schedule are subject to BPA's 2007 General Rate Schedule Provisions (2007 GRSPs). Products available under this rate schedule are defined in the 2007 GRSPs. For sales under this rate schedule, bills shall be rendered and payments due pursuant to BPA's 2007 GRSPs and billing process.
Gerken, Egbert; Gross, Martin
In this paper we present a structural policy model of the comparative- static general equilibrium type. Our model for the Federal Republic of Germany closely resembles the Australian ORANI model (Dixon et al., 1982) which in turn has its origin in Johansen's pioneering work for Norway (Johansen, 1960). An attractive trademark of Johansen-models is that they are written as a set of structural equations which are linear in all growth rates. Exogenous and endogenous variables can be exchanged ea...
Dugwen, Geraldine Luchuen; Hancock, W. Thane; Gilmar, James; Gilmatam, John; Tun, Petra; Maskarinec, Gregory G.
Anecdotally there are high rates of domestic violence in the small Micronesian State of Yap, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), but there have been no studies to quantify the prevalence or characteristics of domestic violence in Yap or in any other state of the FSM. A survey was administered to women at the Yap hospital and community health centers from February through June 2011. Survey data were on domestic violence, which was supplemented by a focus group to explore the issues involved ...
This book provides a detailed introduction to how the Länder (the sixteen states of Germany) function not only within the country itself but also within the wider context of European political affairs. Some knowledge of the role of the Länder is essential to an understanding of the political system as well as of German federalism. This book traces the origin of the Länder. It looks at their place in the constitutional order of the country and the political and administrative system. Their ...
The collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe has encouraged political scientists to re-examine the comparative literature on democratisation. A vast literature has now been produced comparing transitions from authoritarianism and democratisation in different parts of the world. However, there are two major omissions in the transition literature. First, the focus of research has primarily been on national level politics, and second, the relationship between federalism and d...
Buil-aranda, C.; Corcho, O?scar
Currently large amounts of RDF data are being published in the Web. These data is commonly accessed by means of SPARQL endpoints. However to query a set of SPARQL endpoints new mechanisms are needed due to neither the SPARQL protocol nor the language provide any norms or guidelines about how to proceed. In this paper we present an approach for federating queries to a set of SPARQL endpoints, using relational database distributed query processing techniques and part of the WS-DAI specification...
This is the home website for the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). This agency was established as a separate administration within the U.S. Department of Transportation pursuant to the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999. Their primary mission is to reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses. There is also information on their website involving anti-terrorism tips for transporters.
Since August 2007 the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Fed) has approached near panic in their adoption of multiple and inconsistent traditional policy measures and, since December 2007, they have multiplied these efforts by adopting major new policy tools, some of which may go well beyond their congressional mandate. These actions have been motivated, in the first instance, by an emerging mortgage foreclosure crisis that began in late-2006 and that the Fed first recognized ...
Harris, Laura; Princiotta, Daniel
Expanded learning opportunities (ELOs), which include afterschool, summer learning, and extended day and extended year programs, can help states reduce dropout rates and increase graduation rates. Effective elementary, middle, and high school ELOs support academic rigor, boost student engagement, and provide students with supportive relationships.…
Chapman, Bruce; Lounkaew, Kiatanantha; Polsiri, Piruna; Sarachitti, Rangsit; Sitthipongpanich, Thitima
Government student loan schemes typically have implicit interest rate subsidies which, while these are a cost to taxpayers, they have the benefit of diminishing repayment burdens for graduates. Our goal is to illustrate the extent of both interest rate subsidies and repayment burdens with respect to Thailand's Student Loans Fund (SLF), using…
Purpose: To keep the profession apprised of current trends in the job market, the American College of Radiology (ACR) studied the employment situation of 1998 radiation oncology graduates and the status and plans of radiation oncology training programs in the United States. Methods and Materials: In April-May 1998, and again in a December 1998-January 1999 follow-up, the ACR surveyed all radiation oncology residency directors in the U.S. about the employment situation of their 1998 residency and fellowship graduates as well as changes in their programs. Eighty-five percent (71/84) of those surveyed responded. We compare current findings with similar 1997 and earlier surveys and report statistically significant differences (p ? 0.05). Results: By 6 months after graduation, there were no graduating residents or fellows who had not secured a position, although the status of two was unknown. At that time, about 93% of all graduates had secured positions that directors said reasonably matched graduates' training and personal goals. Program directors reported that accomplished and planned changes in their programs will reduce the annual number of residency graduates by about one-fifth since 1993. However, the number of beginning residency positions offered in 1998 was 149, up from 116 in 1997 and only a few percent below the 1993 level. By the December 1998-January 1999 follow-up, fill rates for offered training positions were 94% for residencies and 80% for fellowships, or residencies and 80% for fellowships, figures that are similar to those reported for past years. Directors' perceptions of the job market are much more positive. For example, only 11% of residency directors viewed the market as more difficult this year than typical of recent years, as against 48% in 1997 and 82% in 1996. Conclusion: Unemployment continues to be low, and another, 'softer' indicator, the job market perceptions of residency program directors, continues to improve. Possibly as a result, plans for program reductions are evaporating
...Appendix B to Part 213 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM CONSUMER LEASING (REGULATION...operating under section 25 or 25A of the Federal Reserve Act Federal Reserve Bank serving...
...Appendix B to Part 205 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM ELECTRONIC FUND TRANSFERS...operating under section 25 or 25(a) of the Federal Reserve Act Federal Reserve Bank serving...
...Part 226 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION...under section 25 or 25A of the Federal Reserve Act Federal Reserve Bank...
...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Federal license or permit. 930.51 Section 930.51 ...Consistency for Activities Requiring a Federal License or Permit § 930.51 Federal license or permit. (a) The term “federal...
Full Text Available The issues of job and entrepreneurship have been always the concerns of students as well as every academic environment in Iran and other countries. University degrees are no longer sure fire formulas for high profile employment. The current study tries to investigate the employment rate of two university majors, namely Persian Literature and English Literature as a comparative analysis. A questionnaire was employed to investigate the related factors. Due to unavailability of the graduates, they were contacted via phone and asked to give their response to questionnaire items. The results of the study showed a big contrast between the two groups. English graduates have a good place in the Iranian labor market, while Persian graduates have a hard time finding employment.
A rise in oil prices over the last 30 years has shaped the debate on the equalization formula as well as the nature of fiscal federalism. The oil shocks of 1973 and 1979 contributed to the creation of the National Energy Program (NEP) in 1980 and the Energy Pricing and Taxation Agreement (EPTA) between Ottawa and Alberta in 1981. The current surge in oil prices, to recent highs of $70 a barrel has resulted in a new debate on energy pricing, equalization and fiscal frameworks. This article presented a review of the history of oil and federalism, and proposed a remedy to the horizontal fiscal imbalance by allocating the fixed equalization pool in accordance with fiscal capacity disparities relating to non-resource revenues. An interprovincial revenue-sharing pool was suggested for resource revenues, agreed to and operated by the provinces. It was suggested that after the price spike in 1973 in which the price of oil tripled, a key part of the rationale for imposing export taxes on oil equal to the difference between domestic and world prices was that the federal government could subsidize oil imports into eastern Canada and maintain a uniform domestic price across the country. By continuing to subsidize imports and maintaining a domestic price below the world price, the government has been diverting potential energy revenues from energy-rich provinces and transferring them directly to Canadians in terms of subsidized energy prices. It was noted that energy price surges es. It was noted that energy price surges cannot send equalization payments soaring as they did before because of the 2004 Framework Agreement, in which the overall equalization will be increased to $10.9 billion. A 2-tier approach to equalization was presented, in which it was suggested that the $10.9 billion pool should be allocated with fiscal capacity disparities relating to non-resource revenues. The creation of a revenue sharing pool for resource revenues was recommended. It was suggested that the 2 approaches will result in a strategic initiative orchestrated by the provinces to allow them to increase their ability to manoeuvre in the federation, and resolve the underlying issue of satisfying the constitutional commitment that all Canadians should have access to comparable public services. It was concluded that a failure to come to terms with societal values could mean that the current energy price surge might have dramatic ramifications for the evolution of the federation. 1 fig
...expense under a Federal law or Federal Government contract. 411.7 Section...expense under a Federal law or Federal Government contract. (a) Basic rule...in accordance with a law of, or a contract with, the United...
Gabriela S., Pinto; Gustavo G., Nascimento; Matheus S., Mendes; Fabrício A., Ogliari; Flávio F., Demarco; Marcos B., Correa.
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Este estudo objetivou avaliar os fatores associados com a decisão de estudantes de Odontologia em participar de um programa de pósgraduação acadêmica. Um estudo transversal foi conduzido em 2012, com estudantes do último ano do curso de Odontologia do Sul do Brasil. Foi aplicado um questionário fech [...] ado composto por três diferentes blocos: período prévio à graduação, período da graduação e perspectivas futuras. O desfecho deste trabalho foi definido como a decisão de buscar uma pós-graduação acadêmica. As associações foram testadas com o teste de Qui-quadrado e de Qui-quadrado de tendência linear, quando apropriado. Além disso, foi feita a regressão multivariada de Poisson. A amostra foi composta por 671 estudantes (taxa de resposta de 69,9%, n=467). Em relação às perspectivas futuras, 68% dos estudantes entrevistados pretendem ingressar em um curso de pós-graduação, mas somente 17,5% escolheriam um programa com pós-graduação acadêmica e pesquisa (Programas de Mestrado e Doutorado). No modelo final, estudantes de universidades públicas (RP 2,08, 95% CI 1,41-3,08) e estudantes que receberam bolsa de iniciação científica (RP 1,93 95% CI 1,14-3,27) apresentaram prevalência duas vezes maior na busca de pós-graduação acadêmica. Estudantes de famílias com renda alta mostraram menor prevalência na busca destes cursos (RP 0,50, 95%IC 0,28-0,90). Desta forma, bolsas parecem incentivar os alunos de graduação na busca por pós-graduação stricto sensu. Abstract in english This study aimed to evaluate the factors associated with the decision to attend an academic post-graduation program by dental students. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012, last-year undergraduate students from Dental Schools of Southern Brazil. A closed questionnaire was applied including [...] questions grouped in three different blocks: pre-graduate, undergraduate period and future perspectives. The outcome was the decision to pursuit an academic post-graduation degree. Associations were tested using chi-squared test and chi-squared test for linear trends when appropriate. Multivariate Poisson regression was also performed. The sample was composed by 671 students (response rate of 69.9%, n=467). In relation to future perspectives, 68% of the interviewed students intended to attend a post-graduation program, but only 17.5% would choose a program with academic and research post-graduation program (Master and PhD programs). In the final model, students from public universities (PR 2.08, 95%CI 1.41-3.08) and students that received scientific initiation scholarship (PR 1.93 95%CI 1.14-3.27) presented a twice greater prevalence to seek academic post-graduate programs. Students with higher family incomes showed a lower prevalence to seek these programs (PR 0.50, 95%IC 0.28-0.90). Scholarships seem to encourage undergraduate students to pursue stricto sensu post-graduation.
Recent shifts in education and labour market policy have resulted in universities being placed under increasing pressure to produce employable graduates. However, contention exists regarding exactly what constitutes employability and which graduate attributes are required to foster employability in tertiary students. This paper argues that in the…
... Emergency Management and Assistance...2010-10-01 false Risk premium rate... Emergency Management and Assistance...FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT...SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD... § 61.7 Risk premium...
... Emergency Management and Assistance...Applicability of risk premium rates... Emergency Management and Assistance...FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT...SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD...Applicability of risk premium...
Telemedicine (other than costly long distance telephone and facsimile messages) in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) started approximately 4 years ago with the establishment of Internet access in the State of Yap. A local access, for medical use only, via already established trunk lines maintained by Continental Airlines was established. It provided a connection to CompuServe at a baud rate of 300 bps. FSM TeleCom provided this free service. While this connection was slow, it allowed medical staff at Yap State Hospital to send and receive text based e-mail regarding patient management. By its use interest was generated in both medical and non-medical individuals to develop a commercial full scale Internet service. In March 1996, TeleCom became a full scale commercial Internet Service Provider in Yap. Rates were reasonable and the CompuServe access was phased out. The full scale internet allowed medical personnel to engage in telemedicine activities, including email; email attachments; the search and retrieval of medical literature; transmission to medical specialists of X-rays, ECG's and other images; and real-time teleconferencing over the Internet with both audio and video. In addition, to the improvement of medical care, this allowed for greater efficiency in arranging referral of patients for medical treatment outside of the FSM. PMID:11588919
Notifiable events in systems for fission of nuclear fuels - nuclear power plants and research reactors whose maximum output exceeds 50 kW of thermal rating - in the Federal Republic of Germany. Quarterly report on the 2nd quarter of 1995
The report presents the survey of notifiable events in nuclear power plants and research reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany that occurred in the given reporting period. The survey lists notifiable events both according to the German classification system of safety significance, S (immediate notification), E (prompt notification), as well as events classified under the INES system, (level 1 and higher), and notifiable events that have been re-classified after review. (orig.)
Notifiable events in systems for fission of nuclear fuels - nuclear power plants and research reactors whose maximum output exceeds 50 kW of thermal rating - in the Federal Republic of Germany. Quarterly report on the 1st quarter of 1995
The report presents the survey of notifiable events in nuclear power plants and research reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany that occurred in the given reporting period. The survey lists notifiable events both according to the German classification system of safety significance, S (immediate notification), E (prompt notification), as well as events classified under the INES system (level 1 and higher), and notifiable events that have been re-classified after review. (orig.)
Full Text Available Objectives – This usability study was developed to observe faculty and graduate students’ reactions to a recent redesign of the University of Kansas (KU Libraries’ website. The redesign included new navigational features, introduction of a federated search tool, a quick search box on the front page, and research subject pages. The study also provided the opportunity to observe the practices of faculty and graduate students in locating and retrieving information on the Libraries’ website.Methods – Ten participants (five faculty and five graduate students representing diverse disciplines were solicited for the study. Participants were required to access the Libraries’ website to answer a series of questions regarding new and updated features of the website. Observational analysis using Morae™ software was conducted and interviews with each participant provided details of their opinions on how these new features would influence their research and teaching activities.Results – Most of the participants either did not notice or ignored the major website changes. Links to and locations of commonly used resources (e.g. catalogue; databases; e?journals had been changed minimally, and the faculty and graduate student participants gravitated to those familiar features to complete tasks. Prior to the study, participants had not accessed the new discovery tools; however, once previewed, responses to the tools’ utility were generally favourable. After using the federated search tool on a familiar topic, several participants noted that, when directed to databases they had not previously considered, they were able to locate citations they had missed in the past. Observers noted pitfalls in navigating the site such as inconsistent underscoring of links, ambiguous terminology, and unclear icons meant to expand subject heading lists. Unexpected searching behaviours were observed, including inconsistent and lack of conceptual understanding in searching for e?journal content.Conclusions – This study provides evidence regarding the usability of a library website with a population already familiar with library resources. It demonstrated that faculty and graduate students are not interested in experimenting with new discovery tools but are amenable to their potential value to undergraduate students. The recent trend toward minimizing content and links on websites satisfies this population, one which is already comfortable with the basic attributes of a library’s website.
Coll, Richard K.; Zegwaard, Karsten E.
Work-integrated learning (WIL) programmes that combine on-campus classroom-based study with off-campus authentic work experience are a growing area of interest internationally. Despite widespread practice of WIL, there are few reports that shed light on appropriate pedagogies for the work experience in particular. As with any form of education, providers hold certain views as to desirable outcomes in terms of graduate profiles and of desirable graduate competencies. A complication for multi-party WIL programmes is that educational stakeholders (e.g., staff working in tertiary education provider institutions and employers) may hold different views as to desirable graduate competencies. Here we argue that an understanding of stakeholder views of desirable graduate competencies is an essential prerequisite of pedagogical design. The research reported here is an intrinsic case study and comprised an investigation of perceptions of 24 desirable graduate competencies for new science and technology graduates entering the workforce both today, and in ten years’ time. Stakeholders for four sector stakeholder groups (n = 458): undergraduate students (n = 71), recent graduates (n = 143), employers of graduates (n = 172), and faculty (n = 72), were surveyed using a previously reported and validated instrument. The research findings suggest that science and technology stakeholders see all 24 competencies as desirable, and see the importance of all skills and some skills in particular as likely to increase in ten years’ time. Despite emphasis on cognitive and technical skills (often termed ‘hard’ skills), the single most desirable skill is ability and willingness to learn, a behavioural skill (often termed ‘soft’ skills). It is proposed that classroom-based instruction is unlikely to produce graduates with the desired skills, and that work-integrated learning may have a role to play in the development of graduate competencies.
Thornton, John P.
The Federal government is the largest user of energy in the United States today. The Department of Defense (DOD) uses more than 80% of that energy; the Department of Energy is the second largest user. In the 15 years from 1975 to 1989, 128 billion was spent for Federal energy activities. In 1989 alone, the Federal government spent a total of 8.7 billion on energy, of which 3.5 billion was for buildings and 2.4 billion was for electricity. The Federal government, which owns or leases 500,000 buildings, provided an additional 3.9 billion on energy assistance for low-income housing in 1989 (1). Executive Order 12902 (Energy Efficiency and Water Conservation at Federal Facilities) of March 8, 1994 implements and expands the Federal energy management provisions stated in the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992. The goal is to reduce energy use in Federal buildings to 30% of the 1985 levels by the year 2005. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) has been assigned the responsibility of implementing Executive Order 12902. Subsequently, DOE, FEMP, other Federal agencies and private industry have formed a unique partnership to develop a process and set of actions that will stimulate new opportunities for renewable energy technologies. If these Federal initiatives are successful, substantial investment in renewable and energy efficiency technologies will be stimulated, an important portion of the nation's energy needs will be supplied, and a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions will be achieved.
The fuel embargo of 1973, followed by the oil disruption of 1979 heightened national security concerns over the availability and price of foreign oil to sustain all sectors of the U.S. economy. As a result of our growing dependence on foreign oil and diminishing resources at home, the Federal government has worked since 1974 to identify and implement a variety of measures to reduce energy consumption in Federal buildings and operations. Federal energy expenditures peaked at almost $14 billion in 1982 but has now been reduced to approximately $10 billion a year. However, much more needs to be done. Since the 1973 oil embargo, a series of legislative initiatives and Presidential authorities established the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) and then expanded it to address a broad range of energy-related issues affecting the Federal sector. Administered by the U.S. Department of Energy, FEMP coordinates the design and implementation of energy-saving programs for Federal buildings and operations. This includes working with other Federal agencies through interagency committees to interpret and implement Federal policy, to provide technical assistance to other Federal agencies, and to collect and report Federal energy consumption data to Congress. In addition, with the passage of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, concerns over global climate change and a range of man-made and natural pollutants, environmental issues now play a critical role in our nation's energy ay a critical role in our nation's energy policy. As a major consumer of energy, the Federal sector can serve as an important model for other sectors of the economy as a result of some of the innovative and cost-effective measures planned or currently underway. My talk today will focus on the Federal government's plans to ensure the energy efficient design and operation of Federal facilities, with an emphasis on life-cycle cost analyses
Featuring an annotated index of more than 2,500 world trade Websites, the Federation of International Trade Associations (FITA) homepage houses a wealth of resources for members and non-members of this organization. The FITA Website hosts a marketing database consisting of Export and Protocol reviews of over 80 countries, job postings, and a searchable database of international trade-related conferences and seminars. In conjunction with the "international trade webcast network" How to Conquer the World, FITA also includes a wide array of indexed and annotated interviews with leading international trade professionals, available in RealAudio format.
The Federal Communications Commission offers this informative page "about the issues the FCC oversees." The site is divided into six sections including Wireless, Internet, Radio, Satellite, Telephone, and Television & Cable. At first glance little information is contained in each section -- only a few frequently asked questions and their answers are given. However, a link at the bottom of each page directs users to a much more impressive repository of facts, policy issues, and general discussions. Some of the more interesting and useful tidbits are wireless local number portability for mobile phones, telephone scams, and digital television service.
Zwick, D. I.
Federal health services grants amounted to about $1.8 billion in fiscal year 1985. The total amount was about $100 million less, about 6 percent, than in 1980. Reductions in the health planning program accounted for most of the decline in absolute dollars. The four formula grants to State agencies amounted to about $1.0 billion in 1985, about 60 percent of the total. The largest formula grants were for maternal and child health services and for alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health services....
The Office of Management and Budget has created this searchable database of FY 2001 budget publications, including Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2001, Analytical Perspectives, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2001, A Citizen's Guide to the Federal Budget, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2001, and The Economic Report of the President among others. The site provides searching tips, as well as pithy descriptions of the publications. All listed publications may be downloaded directly from the site in .pdf format.
The (SRS) Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) was made effective by the US. Environmental Protection Agency Region IV (EPA) on August 16, 1993. To meet the reporting requirements in Section XXV of the Agreement, the FFA Progress Report was developed. The FFA Progress Report is the first of a series of quarterly progress reports to be prepared by the SRS. As such this report describes the information and action taken to September 30, 1993 on the SRS units identified for investigation and remediation in the Agreement. This includes; rubble pits, runoff basins, retention basin, seepage basin, burning pits, H-Area Tank 16, and spill areas.
Mabrouk, Patricia Ann
This paper describes a course for first-year graduate students that teaches the fundamental so-called "soft skills" required for success in graduate school and beyond. Topics covered are ethics, laboratory safety and waste management, chemical information retrieval and literacy, experimental design, scientific record keeping, statistics, career development, and communications, including technical writing and oral presentation. Whenever possible students are put in direct contact with local technical experts and available resources. The course, well regarded by both students and faculty, has now been taught at Northeastern University for five years in the summer academic quarter to graduate students in chemistry and related departments (pharmacy and chemical engineering) who have successfully completed their first-year course work.
Prevention of deep vein thrombosis in potential neurosurgical patients. A randomized trial comparing graduated compression stockings alone or graduated compression stockings plus intermittent pneumatic compression with control
In a randomized trial of neurosurgical patients, groups wearing graduated compression stockings alone (group 1) or graduated compression stockings plus intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) (group 2) were compared with an untreated control group in the prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). In both active treatment groups, the graduated compression stockings were continued for 14 days or until hospital discharge, if earlier. In group 2, IPC was continued for seven days. All patients underwent DVT surveillance with iodine 125-labeled fibrinogen leg scanning and impedance plethysmography. Venography was carried out if either test became abnormal. Deep vein thrombosis occurred in seven (8.8%) of 80 patients in group 1, in seven (9.0%) of 78 patients in group 2, and in 16 (19.8%) of 81 patients in the control group. The observed differences among these rates are statistically significant. The results of this study indicate that graduated compression stockings alone or in combination with IPC are effective methods of preventing DVT in neurosurgical patients
Popovici (Barbulescu Adina
Full Text Available The paper aims at analyzing the dynamics of in Romanian higher education graduates in the 2006-2010 period, both in Romania and by the Romanian development regions. After highlighting the importance of human capital and its education, the paper analyzes the dynamics of Romanian higher education graduates in the targeted period, at both of the above-mentioned levels. The conclusions reveal that, during the analysed period: 2006-2010, the number of female, and, respectively, male higher education graduates, as well as the total number of higher education graduates, continuously increased in the 2006-2010 period at the whole country level and registered an increase trend, as well, by the eight development regions of Romania in the 2006-2010 period, with very few exceptions in some years of the period, in some of the the eight development regions of Romania. Therefore, the Romanian higher education system must correlate the graduates number with the number of work places in the Romanian economy, and take into account the necessities imposed by the participation at international competition.
Full Text Available Effective interactions depend largely on personality traits, which is a consistent and long-lasting tendency in behavior. In psychology, five major trait factors (Big Five personality traits have been generally used to assess personality of people. The study highlights the practicality of importance-performance analysis as a means to assessing the importance of personality traits dimension that should be possessed by Malaysian graduates. The importance-performance analysis is used to evaluate the gap in personality traits possessed by Business and Technical Graduates. The study is carried out in two phases: Phase 1 which involves a focus group session and Phase 2 which focus on establishing a questionnaire appropriate to the study across a diverse range of industries. The questionnaires were distributed to managers selected from a sampling frame. Graduates’ personality attributes are analysed in terms of big five personality traits which include openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness and emotional stability traits. The findings of this study suggest that Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia should target improvements on a specific personality development component pertaining to openness and extroversion personality for business management graduates, and conscientiousness personality for technical graduates as part of the curriculum development strategies of these Higher Education Institutions.
The controversy over state/Federal authority over waste disposal has already had a significant effect regardless of the choice Congress ultimately makes between an informal deference to state will and a statutory authorization of state control over Federal repositories. The highly emotional issue of local disposal of nuclear waste and the assertions of state control over waste disposal have made the nation and the Federal bureaucracy more aware of the status of the waste management program. State resistance to Federal siting efforts and the passage of state waste disposal legislation has compelled the Federal government to provide the states with a larger role in waste management. State power to exclude Federal repositories would give states additional political leverage. Ideally, public attention and effective state veto power will contribute to a more successful program, without impeding progress toward the immediate goal of siting and developing permanent repositories
Full Text Available The study analyses the role of federalism in solving the national and ethnic conflicts. From this point of view it describes the main types of modern federal state: mononational (e.g. USA, FRG, multiethnic (Switzerland, present-day Russia and multinational forms (former socialist federations, present-day Bosnia-Herzegovina. Hereafter the study outlines the most important views which appeared in the modern political thinking about the role of federalism in solving the national and ethnic conflicts. It refers to the messianistic federalist ideologies, to the French republican tradition, and to the American liberal approach. Furthermore it describes the main characteristics of socialist federations, briefly analyses the causes of their disintegration. Finally the study sums up the most important stabilizing factors of ethno-federations.
Present and future federal regulatory processes which may impact the permissible levels of microwave radiation emitted by the SPS Microwave Power Transmission (MPTS) were studied. An historical development of US occupational and public microwave standards includes an overview of Western and East European philosophies of environmental protection and neurophysiology which have led to the current widely differing maximum permissible exposure limits to microwaves. The possible convergence of microwave standards is characterized by a lowering of Western exposure levels while Eastern countries consider standard relaxation. A trend toward stricter controls on activities perceived as harmful to public health is under way as is interest in improving the federal regulatory process. Particularly relevant to SPS is the initiation of long-term, low-level microwave exposure programs. Coupled with new developments in instrumentation and dosimetry, the results from chronic exposure program and population exposure studies could be expected within the next five to ten years. Also discussed is the increasing public concern that rf energy is yet another hazardous environmental agent.
Current challenges to science and research in the field of scientific-technological innovation are: to safeguard the competitiveness of particularly high-grade and demanding products in those parts of the world market where competition is hard; careful, responsible and at the same time economically reasonable use of nature and the natural resources; scientific and technological efficiency of this country as a partner in the world. The newly oriented research policy approves technical progress and invites top performances. One of the most important immediate problems is the training of qualified young scientists. The federal government views the technological development also in relation to the risks, but is convinced that possible disadvantages can be reduced to become negligible. Information technology, new material, bio and laser technologies, having interindustrial importance, play a part in economy world-wide as key technologies. Besides expenditure for sciences, measures and promotion instruments, the main points of emphasis of promotion as well as the international cooperation are described in detail as to their tasks, structure and volume; furthermore the individual research institutions of the Federal Republic of Germany are pointed out. The statistics appended contain the financial data regarding science expenditure. (HSCH)
Prakash Chandra, Jha
The recent scholarship has made distinction between two generation of literature in fiscal federalism. The study has critically analysed the first generation theory and second generation theory of fiscal federalism. Though the later approaches the problem of fiscal federalism from different perspective, it does not challenge but complements the former. The paper argues that second generation theory is an ongoing effort to build a theory in response to fiscal challenges facing a number of coun...
Sompel, Herbert; Chute, Ryan; Hochstenbach, Patrick
The need to federate repositories emerges in two distinctive scenarios. In one scenario, scalability-related problems in the operation of a repository reach a point beyond which continued service requires parallelization and hence federation of the repository infrastructure. In the other scenario, multiple distributed repositories manage collections of interest to certain communities or applications, and federation is an approach to present a unified perspective across these...
This paper considers lessons from the practice of fiscal federalism for guidance on new approaches to development finance. Despite the fact that inter-regional redistribution in a federation relies on a central government with strong fiscal powers, the form of that redistribution can be used as a benchmark for international development assistance financing. In a federation, finance for less-developed regions takes the form of equalizing transfers to sub-national governments. The objective of ...
Coppola, Massimo; Dazzi, Patrizio; Lazouski, Aliaksandr; Martinelli, Fabio; Mori, Paolo; Jensen, Jens; Johnson, Ian; Kershaw, Philip
The CONTRAIL project proposes a framework for Cloud Federations, that provides users with a single point of access to Cloud resources and relieves them from managing the credentials for access to individual Cloud service providers. The Federation services dynamically broker access to Cloud resources, ensures that the best available resource is selected, and that diverse resources are accessed consistently. This paper presents the CONTRAIL approach to federated identity management, focusing on...
Librarian involvement in the Open Access (OA) movement has traditionally focused on access to scholarly publications. Recent actions by the White House have focused attention on access on the data produced from federally sponsored research. Questions have emerged concerning access to the output of federally sponsored research and whether it is a public or private good. Understanding the political battle over access to federally funded research is closely tied to the ownership of the peer revi...
Using data compiled from quarterly Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) Consolidated Reports on Condition and Income (FFIEC 031 through 034), the Federal Reserve Board has updated annualized values for loans charged against loss reserves (charge-off rates) and loans past due for 30 days or more and still accruing interest (delinquency rates) for the 100 largest US banks, among others.
Full Text Available Pedagogic education of graduate students, when and where it exists, is restricted to theoretical courses or to the participation of the students as teachers' assistants. This model is essentially reproductive and offers few opportunities for any significant curriculum innovation. To open an opportunity for novelty we have introduced a new approach in "Biochemistry Teaching", a course included in the Biochemistry Graduate Program of the Biochemistry Department (Universidade Estadual de Campinas and Universidade de São Paulo. The content of the course consists of a choosing the theme, b selecting and organizing the topics, c preparing written material, d establishing the methodological strategies, e planning the evaluation tools and, finally, f as teachers, conducting the course as an optional summer course for undergraduate students. During the first semester the graduate students establish general and specific educational objectives, select and organize contents, decide on the instructional strategies and plan evaluation tools. The contents are explored using a wide range of strategies, which include computer-aided instruction, laboratory classes, small group teaching, a few lectures and round table discussions. The graduate students also organize printed class notes to be used by the undergraduate students. Finally, as a group, they teach the summer course. In the three versions already developed, the themes chosen were Biochemistry of Exercise (UNICAMP, Biochemistry of Nutrition (UNICAMP and Molecular Biology of Plants (USP. In all cases the number of registrations greatly exceeded the number of places and a selection had to be made. The evaluation of the experience by both graduate and undergraduate students was very positive. Graduate students considered this experience to be unique and recommended it to their schoolmates; the undergraduate students benefited from a more flexible curriculum (more options and gave very high scores to both the courses and the teachers.
D.V., de-Macedo; E., de-Paula; B.B., Torres.
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Pedagogic education of graduate students, when and where it exists, is restricted to theoretical courses or to the participation of the students as teachers' assistants. This model is essentially reproductive and offers few opportunities for any significant curriculum innovation. To open an opportun [...] ity for novelty we have introduced a new approach in "Biochemistry Teaching", a course included in the Biochemistry Graduate Program of the Biochemistry Department (Universidade Estadual de Campinas and Universidade de São Paulo). The content of the course consists of a) choosing the theme, b) selecting and organizing the topics, c) preparing written material, d) establishing the methodological strategies, e) planning the evaluation tools and, finally, f) as teachers, conducting the course as an optional summer course for undergraduate students. During the first semester the graduate students establish general and specific educational objectives, select and organize contents, decide on the instructional strategies and plan evaluation tools. The contents are explored using a wide range of strategies, which include computer-aided instruction, laboratory classes, small group teaching, a few lectures and round table discussions. The graduate students also organize printed class notes to be used by the undergraduate students. Finally, as a group, they teach the summer course. In the three versions already developed, the themes chosen were Biochemistry of Exercise (UNICAMP), Biochemistry of Nutrition (UNICAMP) and Molecular Biology of Plants (USP). In all cases the number of registrations greatly exceeded the number of places and a selection had to be made. The evaluation of the experience by both graduate and undergraduate students was very positive. Graduate students considered this experience to be unique and recommended it to their schoolmates; the undergraduate students benefited from a more flexible curriculum (more options) and gave very high scores to both the courses and the teachers.
Harrison, Jeffrey P; Meyer, Sean
This study evaluates the efficiency of federal hospitals, specifically those hospitals administered by the US Department of Veterans Affairs and the US Department of Defense. Hospital executives, health care policymakers, taxpayers, and federal hospital beneficiaries benefit from studies that improve hospital efficiency. This study uses data envelopment analysis to evaluate a panel of 165 federal hospitals in 2007 and 157 of the same hospitals again in 2011. Results indicate that overall efficiency in federal hospitals improved from 81% in 2007 to 86% in 2011. The number of federal hospitals operating on the efficiency frontier decreased slightly from 25 in 2007 to 21 in 2011. The higher efficiency score clearly documents that federal hospitals are becoming more efficient in the management of resources. From a policy perspective, this study highlights the economic importance of encouraging increased efficiency throughout the health care industry. This research examines benchmarking strategies to improve the efficiency of hospital services to federal beneficiaries. Through the use of strategies such as integrated information systems, consolidation of services, transaction-cost economics, and focusing on preventative health care, these organizations have been able to provide quality service while maintaining fiscal responsibility. In addition, the research documented the characteristics of those federal hospitals that were found to be on the Efficiency Frontier. These hospitals serve as benchmarks for less efficient federal hospitals as they develop strategies for improvement. PMID:24776830
This report summarizes the broad range of activities that are focused on meeting the President's Executive Order on Federal Energy Management promulgated to meet energy savings goals and encourage more efficient management of all federal energy resources. These activities are reported semiannually under the auspices of the Federal Energy Resource Modernization (FERM) Coordinating Committee, and as such include activities undertaken from April 1, 1992, through September 30, 1992. The activities reported are classified into four major categories: (1) technology-base support, which includes development of processes, software, metering and monitoring equipment and strategies, and other tools for federal energy managers to better understand and characterize their energy resources; (2) federal energy systems testing and monitoring; (3) federal energy systems revitalization projects at federal installations in cooperation with the utilities serving the sites; and (4) energy supply, distribution and end-use conservation assessment for federal agencies and/or facilities. Lighting systems and air conditioning projects at federal facilities, especially military bases are updated.
In its governmental declaration of May 4th, 1983, the Federal German Government has pointed out how it will safeguard the continuous, economical, and non-polluting supply of energy to the Federal Republic of Germany. By that report the Federal Government strikes a balance of its policy and defines its position with regard to topical questions, especially the peaceful use of nuclear energy. The report comprises four chapters: 1. peaceful use of nuclear energy in the Federal Republic of Germany, 2. Summary statement on energy policy, 3. Current situation in the energy market and long-term perspectives, 4. Points of main emphasis of future energy policy. (orig./UA)
Multiagency exercises were an important part of the development of the Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan. This paper concentrates on two of these exercises, the Federal Field Exercise in March 1984 and the Relocation Tabletop Exercise in December 1985. The Federal Field Exercise demonstrated the viability and usefulness of the draft plan; lessons learned from the exercise were incorporated into the published plan. The Relocation Tabletop Exercise examined the federal response in the postemergency phase. This exercise highlighted the change over time in the roles of some agencies and suggested response procedures that should be developed or revised. 8 refs
MØrcke, Anne Mette; Nielsen, Dorte Guldbrand
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the coherence between the undergraduate medical program at Aarhus University and the foundation year. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional questionnaire survey included 503 doctors graduated from Aarhus University from the winter of 2007/2008 to the summer of 2009. RESULTS: The response rate was 73%. Approximately 73% of the respondents were in their foundation year or their first year of specialist training and 83% generally felt well-prepared. Respondents found that most of the learning outcomes of the undergraduate medical curriculum at Aarhus University are important for junior doctors. More than 90% of the respondents estimated that they were sufficiently prepared when it came to core outcomes such as history taking and physical examination. Five issues diverged considerably in importance stated and preparedness experienced: suggestion of diagnoses, initiation of treatment, pharmacotherapy, handling of own emotions and structuring of own learning. Also, 40% stated that their clerkships had only had little value in preparing them for their foundation year. CONCLUSION: Overall, graduates felt well-prepared and characterized the education coherent. However, the study raises major questions concerning clerkships and competence in treatments, pharmacotherapy and the more personal aspects of professionalism.
Berthold, P; Lopez, N
An increasing number of graduates of foreign dental schools who enroll in advanced standing programs to qualify for licensure calls for dental schools to be prepared to handle not only the curricular demands but also the growing cultural diversity among its student population. The "reeducation" of this student group not only meets the need of foreign dentists for an American degree but may also provide health professionals to service various ethnic populations whose language and culture they are able to understand and identify with. A survey of students and graduates of a two-year Program for Advanced Standing Students (PASS) for graduates of foreign dental schools representing 34 countries aimed to arrive at an understanding of this student group through characterization of the foreign dentists and identification of their attitudes and feelings toward various aspects of the program, the school and faculty and their experience of stress. This report includes description of the distinctive features of the program which cater to specific needs and concerns of this non-traditional group of dental students. PASS students are accepted on the basis of their grades in dental school in home country, scores in the National Dental Board Examination Part I, Test of English as Foreign Language (TOEFL), and ratings in personal interviews. They complete an intensive summer program consisting of didactic and laboratory courses which prepares them for integration with four-year students for the last two years of didactic and clinical curriculum. Cultural diversity seminars, a special English class, PASS class meetings and seminars are unique additions to their program and aim to assist them adjust to the educational, social and cultural systems in an American school. Results of the survey show a majority of the PASS students feel that they are part of the school and that there is someone in the school whom they can approach for problems. An understanding of their ethnic and educational background is seen as a significant factor in their second basic dental education. Implications for education of foreign dental graduates amidst increasing diversification of the student body are discussed. PMID:7798405
...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL...REGULATIONS UNDER THE NATURAL GAS POLICY ACT OF 1978...NATURAL GAS UNDER THE NATURAL GAS POLICY ACT OF 1978...General Provisions and Conditions § 284.6 Rate...
...non-federally insured institutions\\5\\ and private deposit insurers...mandates that depository institutions lacking federal deposit...Insurance (ASI), a private insurer for depository institutions, agreed that such...
Ohbuchi, Yoshifumi; Iida, Haruhiko
The new educational methods of engineering design have attempted to improve mechanical engineering education for graduate students in a way of the collaboration in education of engineer and designer. The education program is based on the lecture and practical exercises concerning the product design, and has engineering themes and design process themes, i.e. project management, QFD, TRIZ, robust design (Taguchi method) , ergonomics, usability, marketing, conception etc. At final exercise, all students were able to design new product related to their own research theme by applying learned knowledge and techniques. By the method of engineering design education, we have confirmed that graduate students are able to experience technological and creative interest.
...SSA-2009-0088] Rate of Payment for Medical Records Received Through Health Information...national rate of Federal payment for medical records received through health IT...for their costs in supplying medical records through health IT in...
... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER...INTERCONNECTION Reciprocal Compensation for Transport and Termination...termination rates. (a) A state commission may determine that the...In that event, the state commission may establish rates...
...recipient's actual indirect costs, as determined in its negotiated indirect cost rate agreement, or eight percent of a modified...have a federally recognized indirect cost rate agreement on the date the training...
Kanan T. Desai, Vinesh Shah, Danish B Kanpurwala, Ravi A Jariwala, Rk Bansal
Full Text Available Background: In today’s time, insurmountable uncertainties in the medical field leads to lot of frustrations amongst the new pass out medical graduates. Aim: The current study was planned with an aim to explore the perceptions of the recent medical graduates/graduating students on life after M.B.B.S. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study comprising of face-to-face interviews using a semi-structured interview schedule among 400 simple randomly selected recently graduated/graduating M.B.B.S. doctors of Surat Municipal Institute of Medical Education and Research. Results: Majority 70% of respondents were satisfied with their decision of taking admission in M.B.B.S. with satisfaction level higher amongst females compared to males (P=0.002. As compared to interns, higher satisfaction rate was observed among residents (P=0.042 and senior students (P=0.008. Conclusion: Freshly graduating doctors face a very perplexing situation after M.B.B.S, as after years of studies, the brightest students, face an uncertain future.
Dewi Juliah Ratnaningsih
Full Text Available The vision and mission of Universitas Terbuka (UT is to become a highly qualified open and distance education institution and to provide higher education access to all communities. Graduates of UT are expected to acquire adequate knowledge, hard skills and soft skills. Soft skills play important roles in the world of work. The aim of this article is to describe: (1 whether the open and distance education systems are capable of providing graduates with soft skills, (2 how soft skills are acquired during the period of study, and (3 how are the range of soft skills acquired by graduates and required by stakeholders at work. This article uses 2009 UT tracer study, which employed survey and in-depth interviews to selected respondents and stakeholders. 2.417 pairs data (graduates and stakeholders were analysed. The rating scales were from 1 (very poor to 4 (excellent. The attributes analysed were personal, interpersonal and situational skills. The results show that learning systems that are based on individual learning and tutorial did provide graduates with soft skills. Graduates and stakeholders perceived interpersonal skills as fair. In general, soft skills required at work were time management, self-confidence, problem solving, creativity and team-work.
Li, Ian W.; Miller, Paul W.
This paper examines gender discrimination in the Australian graduate labour market, using data from the Graduate Destination Surveys 1999-2009. A framework of analysis provided by the overeducation/required education/undereducation literature is applied. A smaller gender wage gap is found for university graduates than that reported for all workers in earlier studies. It is shown, however, that the gender wage gap widens with the age at graduation. This pattern is argued to reflect the influen...
Yeliz Çak?r Koçak; Zehra Baykal Akme?e; Mahide Demirelöz; Aysun Ek?io?lu; Ummahan Yücel; Neriman So?ukp?nar
Introduction: It is expected from midwives, who are graduated from the post graduate education program, to play an active role in educating midwives who will work in the same area besides protecting and developing maternity and child welfare. Aim: The objective in this research is to analyze some properties about post-graduate midwifery students' education and profession and to investigate undergraduate students', who are studying in post-graduate level, major field of studies. Method: In 200...
Over the course of the 2009, Federal Fiscal Year the U.S. Departments of Homeland Security and Defense will introduce university programs designed to provide the U.S. national laboratories with a highly qualified workforce in nuclear forensics. These programs are designed to recruit the best and brightest students, develop universities research and education activities, and to enhance university/laboratory(s) interactions nuclear forensics. The approach will be comprehensive in that it will target undergraduate and graduate students, faculty members and institutions. This will include an undergraduate research program designed to encourage emerging seniors to perform research at designated national laboratories throughout the United States. In addition to the undergraduate program, a nationally competitive graduate fellowship program in nuclear forensics was established in 2008. This program provides a four-year appointment with a monthly stipend, full payment of tuition and fees, the establishment of participating universities, and required post-graduate positions in nuclear forensics. A Nuclear Forensics Education Award program will also be introduced. This broad-based program will have an impact on university programs interested in developing nuclear forensics capabilities. This will include funds for instrumentation and equipment, faculty members, students, and curriculum.
Primeira década do curso de enfermagem na Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora: 1979 -1989 Primera década del curso de enfermería en la Universidad Federal de Juiz de Fora: 1979-1989 First decade of the nursing course at Federal University of Juiz de Fora: 1979-1989
Maria Cristina Pinto de Jesus
Full Text Available O curso de graduação em enfermagem foi criado na Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora em 1979, com a incorporação do corpo social da Faculdade de Enfermagem Hermantina Beraldo. Este estudo de abordagem histórico-social objetivou discutir a formação do enfermeiro na primeira década (1979 a 1989 após a criação do curso de graduação na Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora. As fontes primárias foram documentos arquivados e depoimentos de professores que vivenciaram este momento histórico. Os dados foram coletados em 2009, organizados e classificados em conformidade com o método histórico à luz da teoria de Pierre Bourdieu. A análise dos dados permitiu evidenciar ações estratégicas dos docentes da enfermagem interessados na conservação das características do processo de ensino da Faculdade de Enfermagem Hermantina Beraldo, na primeira década de criação do curso na Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora.El curso de gradación en enfermería fue creado en la Universidad Federal de Juiz de Fora en 1979, a partir de la incorporación del cuerpo social de la Facultad de Enfermería Hermantina Heraldo. Este estudio, de abordaje histórico y social, objetivó discutir la formación del enfermero en la primera década (1979 a 1989 después de la creación del curso de gradación en la Universidad Federal de Juiz de Fora. Las fuentes primarias fueron documentos archivados y la declaración de los profesores que vivenciaron este momento histórico. Los datos fueron recogidos en el año 2009, organizado y clasificado de acuerdo con el método histórico a la luz de la teoría de Pierre Bourdieu. El análisis de los datos permitió evidenciar acciones estratégicas de los docentes de enfermería interesados en la conservación de las características del proceso de enseñanza de la Facultad de Enfermería Hermantina Heraldo, en la primera década de creación del curso en la Universidad Federal de Juiz de Fora.The nursing graduation course was established at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora in 1979 with the incorporation of the social delegation at the School of Nursing Hermantina Beraldo. This study of social-historical approach aimed to discuss nursing formation in the first decade (1979 a 1989 after the creation of the nursing graduation course at Federal University of Juiz de Fora. The primary sources were composed by archived documents and testimonies from teachers who went through this historic moment. The data were collected in 2009, organized and classified in accordance with the historical method to light of Pierre Bourdieu's theory. The data analysis allowed evidence the strategically actions by the nursing teachers interested in preserving the characteristics of the Nursing School teaching Hermantina Beraldo in the first decade of course establishment at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora.
...Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-61; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY...Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-61, which amends the Federal Acquisition Regulation...regarding this rule by referring to FAC 2005-61, which precedes this document. These...
...Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-41; Small Entity Compliance...appearing in Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-41 which amends...or more in order to promote economy and efficiency in Federal procurement...agreement is likely to promote economy and efficiency in the...
Becker, Heather Anne; And Others
The self-reported employment status, job-hunting behaviors, and career potential of current jobs for liberal arts/natural sciences graduates and nonliberal arts/sciences graduates at the University of Texas at Austin were studied approximately six months to one year after graduation. Sixty percent (151 persons, representing a 21 percent return…
Wickramasinghe, Vathsala; Perera, Lasantha
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore employability skills that employers, university lecturers and graduates value to bring to the workplace, when graduates are applying for entry-level graduate jobs in the field of computer science in Sri Lanka. Design/methodology/approach: A total of three samples were selected for this exploratory…
Fretz, Bruce R.; Stang, David J.
This book will help faculty advisors and counselors advise students how to plan their graduate programs in psychology effectively and how to make informed choices. The first section discusses the topic "Should I go to graduate school?" An unvalidated graduate school potential test is included. Careers in psychology with master's and doctoral…
Purpose: E-Portfolio is a powerful tool for demonstrating evidence of learning and achievements in graduate research. The purpose of this paper is to examine the concept, structure and functions of e-Portfolio in graduate research and discuss the significance of the role of e-Portfolio in enhancing the quality of graduate research students and…
Using a nationally representative sample of baccalaureate graduates from 1993 (B&B 93/97/03), I explore factors that contribute to the gender and racial gap in earnings among recent college graduate. Results indicate that college major remains the most significant factor in accounting for the gender gap in pay. Female graduates are still left…
Kayla, Carol A.; And Others
Current procedures for student evaluation of graduate programs are examined, based on three studies, and a valid measure for collecting graduate student evaluations is proposed. Study one surveyed 23 southern universities to determine the number and type of evaluations conducted. Only seven (30 percent) of the institutions conduct graduate student…
In this paper, the challenges faced by graduate students in Malaysia are discussed. Structure of graduate programs, lack of research resources, limited research opportunities, lack of opportunity to involve in professional organizations, shortage of qualified academic staffs, and lack of financial aid are some of challenges faced by graduate…
Allen, Marcia T.
From November 1986 through February 1987, the Community College of Rhode Island's (CCRI's) Job Placement Office conducted a survey of the college's 1986 graduates to gather information on the employment status and approximate salary range of graduates who joined the work force and a list of colleges currently attended full-time by graduates who…
Full text: The LHC at CERN in Geneva plans to resume operation and start data acquisition in fall 2009. The High Energy Physics Group at the Austrian Academy of Science and the Astro- and Particle Physics Group at the University of Innsbruck are part of the CMS and the ATLAS experiments. Both experiments have a high demand on computing power and data storage. To allow Austrian scientists to analyze the produced data in 2008 the Austrian Ministry of Science signed the Computing Memorandum of Understanding (C-MoU) which defines the Worldwide LHC computing collaboration and its objectives. To conform to this C-MoU the two institutes installed a federated tier-2 computing center. (author)
This is the 57th and final annual report of the Federal Power Commission. It was prepared so that the Congress and the public will have a full record of the Commission's history. The Commission issued annual reports every year beginning in 1920, except for a five-year period during World War II when abbreviated versions were prepared. The Commission was originally charged with the licensing and regulation of certain uses of the country's water resources, and later was given additional responsibilities, including the regulation of electric rates and services for wholesale transactions, and the regulation of natural gas pipelines and producers, all operating in interstate commerce. The total budget for the Commission in fiscal 1977 was $41,582,000. The Commission's average monthly employment during the year was 1,378. Highlights of 1977 concerning natural gas, electric power, rules and regulations, and legislation are summarized. A history of the FPC is included, followed by in-depth information on natural gas; electric power; legal aspects; and statistics in 4 appendixes. (MCW)
Federal Reserve Bank of New York, NY.
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Reserve Banks administer more than two dozen regulations affecting a wide variety of financial activities. The regulations concern the functions of the central bank and its relationships with financial institutions, the activities of commercial banks and bank holding companies,…
A review is presented of Federal and State radiation control legislation for calendar year 1974, in Federal-State, subject, and status order. A brief description of each bill introduced in 1974 is included, plus existing laws or statutes governing radiation control. (auth)
Congressional Budget Office, 2013
In fiscal year 2011, the federal government provided $607 billion in grants to state and local governments. Those funds accounted for 17 percent of federal outlays, 4 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), and a quarter of spending by state and local governments that year. Over the past 30 years, those "intergovernmental" grants--financial…
As a representative of the Nation's largest energy consumer, spending $10 billion annually, it is an honor to participate in the World Energy Congress. I have the responsibility along with other members of this panel to reduce energy costs in the Federal sector. Obviously, with a challenge of that size, we cannot do it alone. So, I appreciate the Association of Energy Engineers convening this and other panels to discuss energy conservation in Federal facilities. I hope our discussion can lead to accelerated energy savings in the public and private sectors. I am the Director of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Federal Energy Management Programs (FEMP). First established by Congress in l974, FEMP coordinates the design and implementation of a variety of energy-saving programs for Federal buildings and operations. This includes working closely with other Federal agencies through interagency committees to interpret and implement Federal policy, to develop and provide technical assistance to other Federal agencies, and to collect and report data on Federal energy consumption to Congress. Our activities are based on Presidential authorities and Congressionally-mandated directives
According to the latest US Census Bureau's Consolidated Federal Funds Report (CFFR), federal domestic spending reached $1.5 trillion in 1998, up 3.7 percent from 1997, and social security increased by 3.9 percent at $403 billion. Census Bureau staff cite payments for disability and retirement as well as grants and procurement contracts as the main reasons for the increases.
Young, Anne M.
The Special Labor Force Report examines the job status in October 1972 of recent college graduates, their job hunting methods, the relationship of their jobs to their major fields of study, their earnings, and their assessment of the career potential of their jobs. (Author/MW)
Warnock, Mary M.
Students at all levels of study must understand the impact and consequences of globalization. Because of technology innovations, integration of world economies through trade and cash flows, and the movement of people from one location to another, the world is becoming flatter. Based on this growing need to study globalization, a graduate course,…
Dissatisfaction with traditional grading practices has been increasing steadily during the past few years. Although alternative methods have been used by many institutions, there will be no commonly accepted system until some agreement has been reached on the goals of graduate level instruction and grading. There is no evidence to indicate that…
Smith, Kelly; Beasley, Martin
Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the factors that influenced seven graduates in the creative and digital industries to start their own businesses in Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK--an area with lack of employing establishments and locally registered businesses. Design/methodology/approach: Questionnaires and semi-structured interviews…
Li, Ming; And Others
Reports a study that examined the characteristics that enable graduate sport management programs to achieve their objectives. Surveys of sport management educators found they agreed on 11 characteristics that indicated a sport management program's effectiveness. Respondents believed an effective program should produce sport managers, not…
Ministry of Education and Culture, Brasilia (Brazil).
Graduate programs in Brazil in July 1975 were surveyed to obtain information about supply/demand and productivity. The tabular and graphic data cover institutions of higher education; number of courses, teaching staff, and student body. A minimum of narrative information is included. (LBH)
Fernald, Peter S.
Presents two interrelated stories: one concerning the author's struggles to become an effective teacher of psychology, and the second about the University of New Hampshire's graduate program in psychology and its emphasis on research and teaching. The program's two-semester Seminar and Practicum in the Teaching of Psychology is detailed, and data…
An operations management product project is an effective instructional technique that fills a void in current operations management literature in product planning. More than 94.1% of 286 graduates favored the project as a learning tool, and results demonstrate the significant impact the project had in predicting student performance. The author…
This study investigates female undergraduates' aspirations for master's and doctoral degree programs in Taiwan's universalized and stratified higher education system. It considers the potential effects of economic prospects, parental attitudes, and gender values. First, graduate education is perceived as a means to enhance one's comparative…
Purpose: Although there is increasing evidence that the creative industries are essential to national economic growth as well as social and cultural well-being, creative graduates often find it difficult to become established professionally. This study aims to investigate the value of career management competence and intrinsic career motivations…
Hartman, Jenifer; Wilkins, Chuck; Gregory, Lois; Gould, Laura Feagans; D'Souza, Stephanie
This study uses a measure of the on-track or off-track status of students at the end of grade 9 as an indicator of whether students in five Texas districts would graduate from high school in four years. In all five districts, on-time graduation rates were higher for students who were on track at the end of grade 9 than for students who were off…
Irish dental graduates are eligible to enter general dental practice immediately after qualification. Unlike their United Kingdom counterparts, there is no requirement to undertake vocational training (VT) or any pre-registration training. VT is a mandatory 12-month period for all UK dental graduates who wish to work within the National Health Service. It provides structured, supervised experience in training practices and through organised study days.
Xavier Arbós Marín
Full Text Available This article is a revised analysis ofthe work by Lazar, Telford andWatts (2003 The Impact of Globaland Regional Integration on FederalSystems. A ComparativeAnalysis, Harvey Lazar, HamishTelford and Ronald L. Watts (eds.:The Impact of Global and RegionalIntegration on Federal Systems.A Comparative Analysis,Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003.The article’s starting point is thebook’s mainthesis, that is, an analysisof the consequences that suchdifferent integration processescan have both on the institutionalstructures and on the collectiveidentities of federal systems; inthis sense and in the light of thesechanging pressures on the natureof federalism, the article raises aquestion: to what extent federalismand federal arrangementswould remain a reference for carryingout institutional reforms aswell as for a politically and sociallypracticable system.
Bloom, Kenneth; Cms Collaboration
CMS is in the process of deploying an Xrootd based infrastructure to facilitate a global data federation. The services of the federation are available to export data from half the physical capacity and the majority of sites are configured to read data over the federation as a back-up. CMS began with a relatively modest set of use-cases for recovery of failed local file opens, debugging and visualization. CMS is finding that the data federation can be used to support small scale analysis and load balancing. Looking forward we see potential in using the federation to provide more flexibility in the location workflows are executed as the difference between local access and wide area access are diminished by optimization and improved networking. In this presentation we discuss the application development work and the facility deployment work, the use-cases currently in production, and the potential for the technology moving forward.
Full Text Available Librarian involvement in the Open Access (OA movement has traditionally focused on access to scholarly publications. Recent actions by the White House have focused attention on access on the data produced from federally sponsored research. Questions have emerged concerning access to the output of federally sponsored research and whether it is a public or private good. Understanding the political battle over access to federally funded research is closely tied to the ownership of the peer review process in higher education and associated revenue streams, and as a result, interest groups seeking to influence government regulation have politicized the issues. As a major funder of research in higher education, policies from the federal government are likely to drive change in research practices at higher education institutions and impact library services. The political economy of federally sponsored research data will shape research enterprises in higher education inspire a number of new services distributed throughout the research life cycle.
The official main rulings of the judgement given on December 19th, 1985 in the Appeal Court are quoted verbatim. The appeal was rejected: the contested ruling does infringe on Federal law but is seen to be correct on other grounds (Para. 144 Section 4 VwGO). The Federal Court of Administration goes into the following details: conditions for a preliminary concept ruling, interim positive overall judgement; interim positive overall judgement and contents of a partial building permit with regard to regulations; critical moment for checking; alteration of content of partial permit and conditions imposed; concept of preventive care; burst protection; significance of accident planning dose; Federal Building Legislation (BBauG); Federal and State Building Byelaws (LBO); preliminary decision; plant wording in AtG and cooling tower; permits for cooling towers under the Federal Immission Protection Act (BImSchG). (HP)
Bloom, Kenneth Arthur
CMS is in the process of deploying an Xrootd based infrastructure to facilitate a global data federation. The services of the federation are available to export data from half the physical capacity and the majority of sites are configured to read data over the federation as a back-up. CMS began with a relatively modest set of use-cases for recovery of failed local file opens, debugging and visualization. CMS is finding that the data federation can be used to support small scale analysis and load balancing. Looking forward we see potential in using the federation to provide more flexibility in the location workflows are executed as the differenced between local access and wide area access are diminished by optimization and improved networking. In this presentation we will discuss the application development work and the facility deployment work, the use-cases currently in production, and the potential for the technology moving forward.
Brosseau, Lisa; Fredrickson, Ann
To ensure that industrial hygiene professionals continue to be prepared for current and future trends, it is important to regularly assess the value of their education. Described here are the results of discussions with employers and a mailed survey of graduates. Comparisons are made with past mailed surveys of both groups. Two sets of discussions were held in late 2005 with employers of industrial hygienists and other health and safety professionals. Twenty-eight participants were asked to discuss current and future needs for professionals in their organization and economic sector, their expectations for knowledge and skills when hiring professionals, methods for finding and hiring, and the importance of ABET accreditation. At the same time, a survey was mailed to 71 industrial hygiene students graduating in the last 15 years. Respondents were asked to rank the value of and their proficiency in 42 competencies. Questions also assessed employment experience, certification, the importance of ABET accreditation, and demographic characteristics. There was a lot of agreement between the two stakeholder groups (employers and graduates) about the most important skill and knowledge areas. Most employers identified communicating effectively and exposure assessment among the most important skills, with designing and initiating research as among the least. Hazard recognition, exposure measurement principles, and personal protective equipment were the most highly ranked knowledge areas. Employers discussed the need for good "business skills" such as teamwork, communication, and project management, and the importance of problem-solving skills. Graduates reported that skills in the areas of recognition, evaluation, and control were most valuable in their first jobs and generally reported high levels of proficiency in these skill areas. There was a similar dichotomy in opinions about accreditation within each stakeholder group. The reputation of the academic program was important when making hiring decisions; accreditation became an important factor only when a program's reputation was not known. Graduates strongly supported ongoing accreditation but did not apply or attend on the basis of accreditation. PMID:19204864
Cardoso, Ana Rute
This study addresses the question: Are workers who hold a university degree increasingly filling job openings meant for people with lower levels of schooling? It focuses on Portugal, where the higher education system has been expanding at a fast pace and the share of university graduates in total labour force has been increasing, but where the unemployment rate for such workers has also been increasing. The analysis relies on a remarkable dataset covering the entire workforce in manufacturing...
Karaca-mandic, Pinar; Ridgeway, Greg
Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) is a critical policy tool for potentially improving teenage driving while reducing teen accident exposure. While previous studies demonstrated that GDL reduces teenage involvement in fatal crashes, much remains unanswered. We explore the mechanisms through which GDL influences accident rates as well as its long term effectiveness on teen driving. In particular, we investigate; 1) whether GDL policies improve teenage driving behavior, or simply reduce teenage p...
Premand, Patrick; Brodmann, Stefanie; Almeida, Rita K.; Grun, Rebekka; Barouni, Mahdi
In economies characterized by low labor demand and high rates of youth unemployment, entrepreneurship training has the potential to enable youth to gain skills and create their own jobs. This paper presents experimental evidence on a new entrepreneurship track that provides business training and personalized coaching to university students in Tunisia. Undergraduates in the final year of licence appliquée were given the opportunity to graduate with a business plan instead of following the sta...
Baerlocher Mark; Zulla Rachelle; Verma Sarita
Abstract Background International Medical Graduates (IMGs) training within the Canadian medical education system face unique difficulties. The purpose of this study was to explore the challenges IMGs encounter from the perspective of trainees and their Program Directors. Methods Program Directors of residency programs and IMGs at the University of Toronto were anonymously surveyed and asked to rate (using a 5-point Likert scale; 1 = least important – 5 = most important) the extent to which ...
Marshall, Zachary L.
With increasing external and internal pressure to increase retention and graduation rates in select colleges along with increasing numbers of college-going populations over time, student affairs professionals have responded with a variety of programs to support students' transition to college. This study sought to examine freshman students in science majors went on academic probation at the end of their first semester. If these students did not raise their GPAs quickly, they faced academic dismissal from the institution. Consequently, the institution would not be able to retain them, and ultimately, they would not graduate. Managerial professionals at the institution created, implemented, and evaluated an intervention in the form of a success course for these students to help get them back on track, retain them, and ultimately graduate from the institution. The literatures drawn upon for this study included retention theory, probationary student behaviors and attitudes, interventions, success courses, fear appeal theories, academic capitalism, and institutional isomorphism. The study employed tests including chi-square, logistic regressions, and differences-in-differences fixed effects regressions to identify the differences and effects on performance, persistence, and graduation rates of the treatment and comparison groups. The findings of this study showed significant differences between the persistence and graduation rates of the treatment and control groups, and regression effects showed a short-term causal effect on performance as well as significant likelihoods of persisting and graduating within four or five years. Recommendations for further improvements to interventions are discussed in the final chapter.
Curtin, Nicola; Stewart, Abigail J.; Ostrove, Joan M.
International doctoral students in the United States face challenges of acculturation in academia yet complete graduate school at higher rates and more quickly than their domestic counterparts. This study examined advisor support, sense of belonging, and academic self-concept among international and domestic doctoral students at a research…
A total of 52 Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) protocols, administered by graduate students were examined to obtain data on the type and frequency of examiner errors, the impact of errors on resultant test scores as well as improvement rate over the course of two years in training. Findings were consistent with…
Melinde, Coetzee; Kerith, Esterhuizen.
Full Text Available ORIENTATION: Youth unemployment in South Africa presents unique challenges to the young unemployed graduate and requires a range of psychological coping capacities from the young adult. RESEARCH PURPOSE: This study explored the relationship between the psychological career resources (as measured by [...] the Psychological Career Resources Inventory) and coping resources (as measured by the Coping Resources Inventory) of a sample of 196 young unemployed African graduates. MOTIVATION FOR STUDY: There is an increasing need for career counsellors and practitioners to explore the psychological attributes and career-related resources that young people employ or require to help them deal with the challenges posed by unemployment during the school-to-work transition phase of their lives. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A survey design and quantitative statistical procedures were used to achieve the research objective. Convenience sampling was used on a population of 500 unemployed graduate black people who attended a 12-week Work Readiness Programme (39% response rate). MAIN FINDINGS: Multiple regression analyses indicated that dimensions of psychological career resources contribute significantly to explaining the proportion of variance in the participants' coping resources scores. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The insights derived from the findings can be employed by career counsellors and practitioners to construct a more comprehensive career framework for the individual in the school-to-work transition phase. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: The findings add valuable new knowledge that can be used to inform career services concerned with guiding and counselling young graduates in the school-to-work transition phase.
Full Text Available Higher education graduates constitute one of the most important parts of the young workforce, and their transition to the labour market is among the main concerns of governments, policy makers and higher education institutes. It has also been argued by numerous scientists that there is a noticeable recognition of the relationship between entrepreneurship and economic growth, and moreover increasing self-employment rates tend to bring subsequent decreases of unemployment. This paper concentrates on the investigation of technological higher education graduates’ entrepreneurship through the analysis of the results of a nation-wide research study carried out in Greece. The conducted survey was addressed through a structured questionnaire to a large random, yet stratified sample of 708 self-employed graduates of five consecutive years. Descriptive statistics was used for investigating the main variables sketching graduates’ entrepreneurship, such as their demography and education, their professional status, the characteristics of their enterprises, the satisfaction from self-employment; and multivariate analysis was applied for detecting the variables affecting significantly the turn to entrepreneurship. The main findings are highlighted and future relevant work is suggested.
...2010-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...
...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Role of Federal Reserve Banks. 321.25 Section 321.25 ...Miscellaneous Provisions § 321.25 Role of Federal Reserve Banks. (a) The Federal Reserve Banks referred to below, as...
...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of Federal Reserve Banks. 615.5456 Section 615.5456...Securities § 615.5456 Authority of Federal Reserve Banks. (a) Each Federal Reserve Bank is hereby authorized as...
...2010-07-01 false Rediscounts with Federal Reserve Banks. 11.81 Section 11... § 11.81 Rediscounts with Federal Reserve Banks. Upon the endorsement...regulations to be prescribed by the Federal Reserve Board, any such note...
...Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Participating Federal agencies. 352.21 Section 352.21 Emergency...PREPAREDNESS PLANNING Federal Participation § 352.21 Participating Federal agencies. (a) FEMA may call upon any...
...2010-10-01 false Federal financial participation. 431...and Recipients Federal Financial Participation § 431.250 Federal financial participation. FFP is...continued pending a hearing decision; (b) Payments...
...2010-07-01 false Government of the Russian Federation. 540.304 Section 540...Definitions § 540.304 Government of the Russian Federation. (a) The term Government of the Russian Federation means the Government of...
...FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS SUPPLY AND PROCUREMENT 29-FEDERAL PRODUCT DESCRIPTIONS 29.2-Definitions § 101-29.204 Interim Federal...specifications are included in this definition. These documents are issued or...
...2010-10-01 false Definition (Federal Supply Schedules). 552.238-77...Clauses 552.238-77 Definition (Federal Supply Schedules). As prescribed...the following clause: Definition (Federal Supply Schedules) (MAY...
...CFR Part 252 Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Technical...amendments to the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to...amendments to the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS)...
... false Combinations involving Federal stock associations. 552.13 Section 552...SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FEDERAL STOCK ASSOCIATIONS-INCORPORATION, ORGANIZATION...552.13 Combinations involving Federal stock associations. (a) Scope and...
...2010-04-01 false Findings of Federal military agency. 614.21 Section 614...EX-SERVICEMEMBERS Responsibilities of Federal Military Agencies and State Agencies § 614.21 Findings of Federal military agency. (a) Findings in...
The most important indicator of a well-managed site cleanup effort may no longer be funding or scientific expertise. While support for federal facility cleanup has included appropriations of more than $10 billion annually, these expenditures alone are unlikely to assure progress toward environmental remediation. open-quotes Trustclose quotes is now overwhelmingly mentioned as a prerequisite for progress with site cleanup in DOE's weapons complex. In part, federal budget deficits are forcing participants to focus on factors that build consensus and lead to cost-effective cleanup actions. In some cases, the stakeholders at cleanup sites are making efforts to work cooperatively with federal agencies. A report by 40 representatives of federal agencies, tribal and state governments, associations, and others developed recommendations to create a open-quotes new era of trust and consensus-building that allows all parties to get on with the job of cleaning up federal facilities in a manner that reflects the priorities and concerns of all stakeholders.close quotes Changes are underway affecting how federal agencies work with federal and state regulators reflecting this concept of shared responsibility for conducting cleanup. This paper addresses these changes and provides examples of the successes and failures underway
The Federal Facilities Compliance Act (FFCA), signed into law on October 6, 1992, amended the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) to place significant additional environmental compliance responsibilities on federal facilities. The federal government has expressly waived sovereign immunity regarding hazardous waste enforcement action taken against these facilities by the states and the EPA. An exception exists for mixed waste violations. The FFCA defines mixed waste as hazardous waste, as defined by RCRA, combined with source, special nuclear or by-product material that is subject to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954. As the majority owner of mixed waste in the United States, the Department of Energy (DOE) must satisfy several new requirements under the FFCA for their facilities. This paper reviews the FFCA's requirements and how they apply to and may affect the DOE and other federal facilities. Included in the review are responsibilities of federal agencies involved and the role of the EPA and the states. In addition, this paper discusses the intent of the FFCA to encourage development of federal facility agreements (FFA) between federal agencies, the EPA and state environmental regulatory agencies
...Federal Perkins Loan Program Master Promissory Note SUMMARY: The Federal Perkins Loan Master Promissory Note (MPN) provides the terms and...Federal Perkins Loan Program Master Promissory Note. OMB Control Number:...
...242, 245, and 252 Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Technical Amendments AGENCY: Defense Acquisition Regulations...technical amendments to the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to...
38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief...Nonduplication; Federal Employees' Compensation Act. ...21.3024 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief...Nonduplication; Federal Employees' Compensation Act....
...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Federal Need Analysis...Aid, Department of Education. ACTION: Notice...under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended...specified for the Employment Expense Allowance,...
Hopkins, Mark; Dudich, Luther
This document is a close-out report describing the work done under this DOE grant to improve Federal Energy Productivity. Over the four years covered in this document, the Alliance To Save Energy conducted liaison with the private sector through our Federal Energy Productivity Task Force. In this time, the Alliance held several successful workshops on the uses of metering in Federal facilities and other meetings. We also conducted significant research on energy efficiency, financing, facilitated studies of potential energy savings in energy intensive agencies, and undertook other tasks outlined in this report.
The article discusses the concepts of federation and empire in the context of the European Union (EU). Even if these two concepts are not usually contrasted to one another, the article shows that they refer to related type of polities. Furthermore, they can be used at a time because they shed light on different and complementary aspects of the European integration process. The article concludes that the EU is at the crossroads between federation and empire and may remain an ‘imperial federation’ for several decades. This could mean that the EU is on the verge of transforming itself to another type of project from the one which led to its creation.
This document reports the findings and implementation recommendations of the Price Reasonableness Working Group to the Federal ESPC Steering Committee. The working group was formed to address concerns of agencies and oversight organizations related to pricing and fair and reasonable price determination in federal energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs). This report comprises the working group's recommendations and is the proposed draft of a training curriculum on fair and reasonable price determination for users of federal ESPCs. The report includes: (1) A review of federal regulations applicable to determining price reasonableness of federal ESPCs (section 2), (2) Brief descriptions of the techniques described in Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) 15.404-1 and their applicability to ESPCs (section 3), and (3) Recommended strategies and procedures for cost-effectively completing price reasonableness determinations (sections 4). Agencies have struggled with fair and reasonable price determinations in their ESPCs primarily because this alternative financing vehicle is relatively new and relatively rare in the federal sector. The methods of determining price reasonableness most familiar to federal contracting officers (price competition based on the government's design and specifications, in particular) are generally not applicable to ESPCs. The regulatory requirements for determining price reasonableness in federal ESPCs have also been misunderstood, as federal procurement professionals who are inexperienced with ESPCs are further confused by multiple directives, including Executive Order 13123, which stresses life-cycle cost-effectiveness. Uncertainty about applicable regulations and inconsistent practice and documentation among agencies have fueled claims that price reasonableness determinations have not been sufficiently rigorous in federal ESPCs or that the prices paid in ESPCs are generally higher than the prices paid for similar goods and services obtained through conventional procurements. While claims of excessive prices are largely unsubstantiated and based on anecdotal evidence, the perception that there is a problem is shared by many in the ESPC community and has been noted by auditors and oversight organizations. The Price Reasonableness Working Group determined that a more formal emphasis on FAR 15.404-1 in the ESPC process could remove much of the doubt about price reasonableness determinations. The working group's recommended consensus policy on price reasonableness stresses the price analysis techniques described in the FAR that are applicable to ESPCs and includes guidance for agencies use of these techniques in determining price reasonableness for their ESPC delivery orders. The recommended policy and guidance, if communicated to federal ESPC stakeholders, can ensure that agencies will comply with the FAR in awarding ESPCs, obtain fair and reasonable prices and best value for the government, and follow procedures that provide auditable documentation of due diligence in price reasonableness determinations.
Section 403(f) of the CAAA leaves federal and state jurisdictions unaffected by Title IV, the emissions trading provisions. The CAAA maintains existing state and federal commission jurisdiction for the oversight of utility compliance with emissions trading provisions. With existing state and federal jurisdictions maintained, the CAAA creates a new opportunity for state commissions to cooperate among themselves and with the FERC. Should this opportunity not be realized, a new area of jurisdictional conflict could result. This section describes options for regional regulation and the tax treatment of allowances. 20 refs
The Nuclear Power Company has the sole responsibility in Britain for the design, construction, and commissioning of nuclear power stations. The Company employs some 2400 people, mainly at its two principal administrative and laboratory sites at Risley, Cheshire and Whetstone, Leicester. In carrying out its responsibilities the Company utilises skills in design, project management, planning, quality control, research and development and many other facets of contemporary nuclear engineering. Accordingly it has well formed views on the employment and training of the engineer and scientists who must exhibit and manage such skills. These views are brought out in this paper with particular reference to the relevance of post graduate training to the Company's Research and Development Department. Staff with post graduate research experience are also employed on other engineering activities in the company. The relevance of their experience to non-research work they undertake is also discussed. (author)
Beginning in autumn 2008 the first generation of astronomy master students will start a 2 year course in Astrophysics offered by the Physics department of the University of Split, Croatia (http://fizika.pmfst.hr/astro/english/index.html). This unique master course in South-Eastern Europe, following the Bologna convention and given by astronomers from international institutions, offers a series of comprehensive lectures designed to greatly enhance students' knowledge and skills in astrophysics, and prepare them for a scientific career. An equally important aim of the course is to recognise the areas in which astronomy and astrophysics can serve as a national asset and to use them to prepare young people for real life challenges, enabling graduates to enter the modern society as a skilled and attractive work-force. In this contribution, I present an example of a successful organisation of international astrophysics studies in a developing country, which aims to become a leading graduate program in astrophysics ...
...Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION MAGNETIC LEVITATION TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY DEPLOYMENT PROGRAM Overview § 268.7 Federal/State share and restrictions...
Miller, Casey W.
In this work, I point out the negative implications for diversity in graduate school resulting from the use of cutoff scores on the GRE in the admissions process. In light of the data presented, as well as a swelling body of evidence suggesting no long term correlation with research success, I pose several challenges to the community related to the continued use of the GRE.
Thitibhada Sukitkanaporn; Supakorn Phoocharoensil
This study addresses the English Presentation skills of graduate students and explores the ways to improve their skills. A cross-sectional research survey study was conducted among 26 students of the Master of Arts Program in English for Careers at Thammasat University, Thailand. The results showed that there are some statistically significant difference between English presentation skills of the students who studied Effective Presentations (the CR 752 students) and those who did not (the non...
Will Focht; Talya Henderson
Problem statement: Environmental science programs vary widely in their curricula and pedagogical approaches. In part, this is due to the lack of a unified agreement on field identity. However, program differences are also the product of variable program histories. Approach: This essay described the founding and subsequent history of the Environmental Science Graduate Program at Oklahoma State University, its oldest and largest interdisciplinary program. An evaluation of this history was condu...
Hopkins, B. L.; Moore, J.
ABA now offers accreditation for graduate programs of study in behavior analysis. Minimum standards include curriculum topics in (a) the principles of behavior, (b) within-subject research methodology and direct observation of behavior, (c) conceptual issues, and (d) behavioral interventions, as well as a thesis, dissertation, review paper, or general examination that is based on a behavior-analytic approach to problems or issues. Accreditation is viewed as one part of a process concerned wit...
Davis, Lennard J.
This author realizes that an important part of his job is to make sure his graduate students get their own jobs. What that means is talking about job placement as soon as they walk in the door and tell him they want to do a Ph.D. First he informs them of the current job situation, whatever that is at the time. He makes it clear that the first…
Silvia Bacci; Bruno Chiandotto; Angelo Di Francia; Silvia Ghiselli
As part of the analysis of the external effectiveness of university education, a special area of attention is represented by graduates’ mobility for occupational reasons. Understanding whether or not the various types of degree courses affect mobility to a significant extent and estimating the net effect induced by individual and context-related characteristics as well as the tendency of this phenomenon over time will help provide information support to universities for use in their decisio...
Liz van Acker
Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to explore the literature on capstone courses generally ? and capstones in undergraduate business degrees in particular ? to determine the role of these courses in embedding graduate skills, with specific emphasis on a study conducted by the authors and colleagues. The paper concludes by providing five core principles for embedding generic skills as a way of improving the design, teaching and assessment of capstone courses.