WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Eight-Year Trends in Federal Graduation Rates and Graduation Success Rates at NCAA Division I Institutions  

Science.gov (United States)

Data is presented on: (1) Comparison of GSR and Federal Graduation Rate Cohorts (1999-2002 Entering Classes); (2) Average GSRs for Division I Student-Athletes in 1998-01 Cohorts Vs. 1999-2002 Cohorts; (3) Graduation Success Rate Trends for Division I Men's Sports: Four-Class Averages for 1998-01 Cohorts vs. 1999-02 Cohorts; (4) Graduation Success…

National Collegiate Athletic Association (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

2

The Rise and Fall of the Graduation Rate  

Science.gov (United States)

A college's graduation rate is such a basic consumer fact for would-be students these days that it's difficult to imagine that the federal government didn't even collect the information as recently as the early 1990s. If not for two former Olympic basketball players who made their way to Congress and wanted college athletes to know about their…

Selingo, Jeff

2012-01-01

3

Confronting the Graduation Rate Crisis in Texas  

Science.gov (United States)

The most accurate method for tracking high school graduation rates is to provide each student with a single lifetime school identification number that would follow him or her throughout his or her entire school career. Texas has this system in place, but this report demonstrates that the official rates Texas has historically reported dramatically…

Losen, Daniel; Orfield, Gary; Balfanz, Robert

2006-01-01

4

High School Graduation Rates:Alternative Methods and Implications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The No Child Left Behind Act has brought great attention to the high school graduation rate as one of the mandatory accountability measures for public school systems. However, there is no consensus on how to calculate the high school graduation rate given the lack of longitudinal databases that track individual students. This study reviews literature on and practices in reporting high school graduation rates, compares graduation rate estimates yielded from alternative methods, and estimates discrepancies between alternative results at national, state, and state ethnic group levels. Despite the graduation rate method used, results indicate that high school graduation rates in the U.S. have been declining in recent years and that graduation rates for black and Hispanic students lag substantially behind those of white students. As to graduation rate method preferred, this study found no evidence that the conceptually more complex methods yield more accurate or valid graduation rate estimates than the simpler methods.

Jing Miao

2004-10-01

5

Retention and Graduation Rates: Insights from an Extended Longitudinal View  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines a 118-year continuous record of retention and graduation rates at a public university for long-term trends not observable in shorter studies. While the first year retention rates stayed level over much of this period, second year rates increased steadily by 1.2% per decade. In contrast, graduation rates at 4 years compared to 6…

Boden, Gary T.

2012-01-01

6

The relationship of high school graduation exams to graduation rates and SAT scores.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The current study examined the effect of high school graduation exams on states' graduation rates, states' aggregated SAT scores, and individual students' SAT scores. Three data sources were used: One source identified states requiring a standardized test for graduation; the NCES provided state aggregated data on graduation rates for the class of 2002; and the College Board provided its 2001 SAT database for all test-takers. After controlling for students' demographic characteristics (e.g., race, family education and income, GPA and class rank, regression analyses revealed that states requiring graduation exams had lower graduation rates and lower SAT scores. Individually, students from states requiring a graduation exam performed more poorly on the SAT than did students from states not requiring an exam. The impact of high stakes tests' on students' motivation to stay in school and on the teaching of critical thinking skills (tested by the SAT are discussed.

Gregory J. Marchant

2005-01-01

7

Research Note: Athletic Graduation Rates and Simpson's Paradox  

Science.gov (United States)

Graduation rates for male athletes overall as well as men's football and basketball players lag behind those of male non-athletes at Division I colleges and universities. Scholarship athletes, however, are much more likely to be drawn from racial and ethnic groups with lower average graduation rates. After accounting for differences in racial…

Matheson, Victor A.

2007-01-01

8

Public School Graduation Rates in the United States. Civic Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report uses a newly defined version of the Greene Method to calculate graduation rates for the public school class of 2000, comparing results to those of 1998. It calculates state and national figures using data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) Common Core of Data. The 2000 national graduation rate was 69 percent (76…

Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A.

9

Leaving Boys Behind: Public High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

This study uses a widely respected method to calculate public high school graduation rates for the nation, for each state, and for the 100 largest school districts in the United States. The authors calculate graduation rates overall, by race, and by gender, using the most recent available data (the class of 2003). While this report builds upon a…

Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A.

2006-01-01

10

Growth Rate Lags Again in Graduate Schools' International Admissions  

Science.gov (United States)

The number of foreign students admitted to graduate schools at American colleges and universities grew in 2008 for the fourth straight year, but the rate of increase over the previous year declined for the third consecutive year, according to survey results released by the Council of Graduate Schools. Based on previous years' data, this year's…

McCormack, Eugene

2008-01-01

11

Graduation Rates Remain at Record High  

Science.gov (United States)

Scholarship athletes in the US graduated at historic levels for the second consecutive year in 2005, according to a report released January 2006 by the National Collegiate Athletic Association. However, even as African-American football players and Caucasian basketball players made significant gains, the numbers fell in other categories for a…

Wolverton, Brad

2006-01-01

12

High Graduate Unemployment Rate and Taiwanese Undergraduate Education  

Science.gov (United States)

An expansion in higher education in combination with the recent global economic recession has resulted in a high college graduate unemployment rate in Taiwan. This study investigates how the high unemployment rate and financial constraints caused by economic cutbacks have shaped undergraduates' class choices, job needs, and future income…

Wu, Chih-Chun

2011-01-01

13

High School Graduation Rates in the United States. Revised.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents public high school graduation rates for all students and for African Americans, Latinos, and white sub-groups. Rates are reported for each state, for each of the 50 largest school districts, and for a few other districts of interest. The state and district numbers are also reported separately for African Americans, Latinos,…

Greene, Jay P.

14

The Effect of Residential School Choice on Public High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluates the effect of school district size on public high school graduation rates. The study calculates the graduation rate for each graduating class in each state between 1991 and 2002 and uses a fixed-effects model to examine the relationship between these graduation rates and changes in the size of each state's school districts…

Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A.

2006-01-01

15

Impact of Performance-Funding on Retention and Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

As the architect of the oldest and most stable performance-funding program, Tennessee provides a unique opportunity to analyze the impact of changes in performance-funding policies on changes in institutional retention and six-year graduation rates over time. Utilizing spline linear mixed models, this study examines the impact of changes in…

Sanford, Thomas; Hunter, James M.

2011-01-01

16

78 FR 5433 - Annual Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the Federal Family Education...  

Science.gov (United States)

...EDUCATION Annual Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans...Student Aid announces the interest rates for the period July 1...Chart 3 describes the interest rate for a Federal Consolidation...1-Year Loan type First First Max....

2013-01-25

17

78 FR 53433 - Annual Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the Federal Family Education...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the Federal Family Education Loan...through June 30, 2014, for certain loans made under the Federal Family Education Loan...interest rates charged to borrowers on loans made under the Federal Family Education...

2013-08-29

18

The mental health of graduate students at the Federal University of São Paulo: a preliminary report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We present data regarding the care provided to graduate level health professionals at the mental health center of the Federal University of São Paulo. From September 1996 to September 2003, 146 graduate students (99 in the Master's degree program and 47 in the Doctoral program were attended. This population was predominantly female (68.5%, with a mean (± SD age of 28.6 ± 4.42 years, not married (71.9%. Most of the subjects were professionals who had not graduated from the Federal University (78.1%. The students who sought help for psychological and/or psychiatric problems were classified into two categories: situational-adaptive crises and psychopathological crises. The main diagnoses were depression and anxiety disorders (44% causing 4.5% of the subjects to be temporarily suspended from their graduate studies; 19.2% reported that they had used psychotropic drugs within the previous month, and 47.9% referred to sleep disturbances. Suicidal tendencies were mentioned by 18% of those interviewed. Students with emotional disturbances and academic dysfunctions should be recognized at an early stage, and it is fundamental for them to have access to mental health programs that provide formal, structured and confidential care. Thus, it is important that professors and advisors in graduate programs build a warm and affective learning environment. If we consider the expressive growth in Brazilian scientific production resulting from the implementation of an extensive national system of graduate education, it is important to focus efforts on enhancing and upgrading the mental health care system.

L.A. Nogueira-Martins

2004-10-01

19

The mental health of graduate students at the Federal University of São Paulo: a preliminary report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english We present data regarding the care provided to graduate level health professionals at the mental health center of the Federal University of São Paulo. From September 1996 to September 2003, 146 graduate students (99 in the Master's degree program and 47 in the Doctoral program) were attended. This p [...] opulation was predominantly female (68.5%), with a mean (± SD) age of 28.6 ± 4.42 years, not married (71.9%). Most of the subjects were professionals who had not graduated from the Federal University (78.1%). The students who sought help for psychological and/or psychiatric problems were classified into two categories: situational-adaptive crises and psychopathological crises. The main diagnoses were depression and anxiety disorders (44%) causing 4.5% of the subjects to be temporarily suspended from their graduate studies; 19.2% reported that they had used psychotropic drugs within the previous month, and 47.9% referred to sleep disturbances. Suicidal tendencies were mentioned by 18% of those interviewed. Students with emotional disturbances and academic dysfunctions should be recognized at an early stage, and it is fundamental for them to have access to mental health programs that provide formal, structured and confidential care. Thus, it is important that professors and advisors in graduate programs build a warm and affective learning environment. If we consider the expressive growth in Brazilian scientific production resulting from the implementation of an extensive national system of graduate education, it is important to focus efforts on enhancing and upgrading the mental health care system.

L.A., Nogueira-Martins; R., Fagnani Neto; P.C.M., Macedo; V.A., Cítero; J.J., Mari.

1519-15-01

20

78 FR 59011 - Annual Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal Direct...announces the interest rates for loans made under the William D. Ford Federal Direct...interest rates charged to borrowers for loans made under the [[Page 59012

2013-09-25

 
 
 
 
21

78 FR 5431 - Annual Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal Direct...2012, through June 30, 2013, for loans made under the William D. Ford Federal Direct...interest rates charged to borrowers for loans made under the Direct Loan Program...

2013-01-25

22

78 FR 53431 - Annual Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal Direct...2013, through June 30, 2014, for loans made under the William D. Ford Federal Direct...interest rates charged to borrowers for loans made under the Direct Loan Program...

2013-08-29

23

78 FR 17647 - Annual Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the Federal Family Education...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the Federal Family Education Loan...through June 30, 2013, for certain loans made under the Federal Family Education Loan...by the second row of the chart were only made to ``new borrowers'' on or after...

2013-03-22

24

Using administrative data to estimate graduation rates: Challenges, Proposed solutions and their pitfalls.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In recent years there has been a renewed interest in understanding the levels and trends in high school graduation in the U.S. A big and influential literature has argued that the “true” high school graduation rate remains at an unsatisfactory level, and that the graduation rates for minorities (Blacks and Hispanics are alarmingly low. In this paper we take a closer look at the different measures of high school graduation which have recently been proposed and which yield such low estimates of graduation rates. We argue that the nature of the variables in the Common Core of Data, the dataset maintained by the U.S. Department of Education that is the main source for all of the new measures, requires caution in calculating graduation rates, and the adjustments that have been proposed often impart significant downward bias to the estimates.

Joydeep Roy

2008-06-01

25

Leaving Boys behind: Public High School Graduation Rates. Civic Report No. 48  

Science.gov (United States)

This study uses a widely respected method to calculate public high school graduation rates for the nation, for each state, and for the 100 largest school districts in the United States. Graduation rates are calculated overall, by race, and by gender, using the most recent available data (the class of 2003). While this report builds upon a…

Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A.

2006-01-01

26

14 CFR 399.44 - Treatment of deferred Federal income taxes for rate purposes.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 false Treatment of deferred Federal income taxes for rate purposes. 399...399.44 Treatment of deferred Federal income taxes for rate purposes. ...accumulated reserves for deferred taxes should be excluded...

2010-01-01

27

Graduation Rate for Male Basketball Players Falls to Lowest Level in a Decade.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses a report from the National Collegiate Athletic Association, which indicates that fewer male basketball players are graduating from college. Four out of ten players graduated from Division I colleges, the lowest rate in 11 years. Many coaches take issue with how the statistics are compiled; however, the NCAA is considering new academic…

Suggs, Welch

2001-01-01

28

The Effect of Residential School Choice on Public High School Graduation Rates. Education Working Paper No. 9  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluates the effect that the size of a state's school districts has on public high school graduation rates. The authors calculate the graduation rate over the last decade and examine the relationship between these graduation rates and changes in each state's average school district size. The study finds that decreasing the size of…

Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A.

2005-01-01

29

Public High School Graduation and College-Readiness Rates: 1991-2002. Education Working Paper No. 8  

Science.gov (United States)

This study uses a widely respected method to calculate graduation rates, both nationally and for each state, for each public school graduating class from 1991 to 2002. It also combines graduation rate calculations with data provided by the U.S. Department of Education to calculate the percentage of all students who left high school eligible for…

Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A.

2005-01-01

30

High School Dropout, Graduation, and Completion Rates: Better Data, Better Measures, Better Decisions  

Science.gov (United States)

High school graduation and dropout rates have long been used as indicators of educational system productivity and effectiveness and of social and economic well being. While determining these rates may seem like a straightforward task, their calculation is in fact quite complicated. How does one count a student who leaves a regular high school but…

Hauser, Robert M., Ed.; Koenig, Judith Anderson, Ed.

2011-01-01

31

Race, Rates, and Religion: The Relationship between Black Graduation Rates and Evangelical Religious Affiliation at Private Colleges and Universities  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationship between an institution's evangelical or Protestant religious affiliation and Black graduation rates. The over 100 members of the Council of Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU) are Protestant institutions with strong evangelical cultures. Much of the research regarding race and religion in America has…

Smith, Michael Christopher

2010-01-01

32

U.S. Proposes Regulations on Disclosure of Graduation Rates and Campus Crime Data.  

Science.gov (United States)

Proposed regulations of the U.S. Department of Education would require institutions of higher education to disclose: (1) the graduation rates of full-time degree or certificate-seeking undergraduate students, and (2) statistics on crimes and arrests as well as campus security policies and procedures. Colleges are concerned that this information…

Burd, Stephen

1992-01-01

33

Education and the Economy: Boosting the Nation's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

34

Analysis of the Relationship between Latino and African American Male High Schools Graduation Rates and Principal Leadership Style  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a correlation between principal leadership style and graduation rates of Latino and African American male students. The study also examined the principal leadership style to determine whether or not principal leadership style had an impact on the percentage of students graduating from high…

Johnson, Sheryl L.

2011-01-01

35

College Athletes Graduate at Higher Rate than Other Students, but Men's Basketball Players Lag Far behind, a Survey Finds.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although over 56 percent of freshman athletes graduated within 5 years (compared to 48 percent of all students), basketball players had a graduation rate of only 39 percent and football players 47 percent. Tables detail findings at Division I colleges and compare public and private colleges. (DB)

Lederman, Douglas

1991-01-01

36

International Capital Flows, Federal Budget Deficits, and Interest Rates, 1971-1984  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigates the impact of federal budget deficits on both short-term and long­-term interest rates from 1971 to 1984 within an open IS-IM model that includes net international capital inflows. Two time periods are examined using quarterly data: 1971.4 to 1984.4 and 1979.4 to 1984.4. Short-term rates are unaffected by the federal. budget deficit in both periods. Long-term rates are an increasing function of the deficit over the 1971.4 to 1984.4 period, but are relatively unaffecte...

Belton, Willie; Cebula, Richard

1994-01-01

37

What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review of the Report "Transforming the High School Experience: How New York City's New Small Schools Are Boosting Student Achievement and Graduation Rates"  

Science.gov (United States)

"Transforming the High School Experience: How New York City's New Small Schools Are Boosting Student Achievement and Graduation Rates" examined whether winning an admissions lottery for a small school of choice improved high school students' progress toward graduation and graduation rates. The study analyzed data on more than 21,000 students in…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2012

2012-01-01

38

[The graduate education project in the new federal German lands "Diabetics--Management in General Practice"].  

Science.gov (United States)

Supported by the federal ministry of health, the Central Research Institute for Ambulatory Health Care in Germany organised postgraduate courses with the topic "How to take care of diabetic patients" in cooperation with the society of panel physicians. Contents and media of the postgraduate course were developed with the help of experts, a formative evaluation of the curriculum was carried out. In a consensus- and preparatory meeting, diabetologists discussed the medical objectives with experts and were trained under the guidance of educationalists (microteaching with video-monitoring aiming at improving teaching behaviour). Later on, 1315 physicians participated in 38 postgraduate courses. The experiences of this project can provide useful informations how to structure postgraduate medical education. PMID:7571738

Jörgens, V; Grüsser, M; Flatten, G

1995-08-01

39

44 CFR 61.12 - Rates based on a flood protection system involving Federal funds.  

Science.gov (United States)

...flood protection system involving Federal...Federal Insurance Administrator determines that...flood protection system, as identified...Federal Insurance Administrator, are under construction...flood protection system shall certify to the Federal Insurance Administrator annually on...

2010-10-01

40

42 CFR 412.64 - Federal rates for inpatient operating costs for Federal fiscal year 2005 and subsequent fiscal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...discharge in Federal fiscal year 2005 and subsequent fiscal years involving inpatient...forth in the notice of final revised standards for...estimate of indirect medical education payments...percentage change for fiscal year 2005 and for...

2010-10-01

 
 
 
 
41

Factors Affecting the Unemployment (Rate) of Female Art Graduates in Iran  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between the opportunities of female artist graduates in Tehran Province and the current employment market. Mixed method was employed in this study. The population of the current study consisted of 240 female artist graduates selected using a systematic random sampling method from both public and…

Hedayat, Mina; Kahn, Sabzali Musa; Hanafi, Jaffri

2013-01-01

42

What You Don't Know: Graduate Deans' Knowledge of Doctoral Completion Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Doctoral completion and times-to-completion are issues of growing concern in the university community. Research on student completion difficulties has focused on student characteristics and student-supervisor relations. This article addresses the administration of graduate programs--more specifically, graduate deans' knowledge of and attitudes…

Elgar, Frank J.; Klein, Raymond M.

2004-01-01

43

Historical and Conceptual Notes about the Graduate Program in Psychology from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul / Anotações históricas e conceituais sobre o programa de pós-graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Brazilian Institutions of Higher Education were conceived in Brazil in the 19th century as centers of professional training which offered undergraduate programs giving little attention to research. A systematic research training started in 1951 with the creation of CAPES, an agency of the Ministry of Education for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel, and it improved when the agency was restructured in 1964. The Graduate Programs in Psychology implemented between 1965 and 1980 faced insertion difficulties in their institutions and had problems to present a profile which was consistent with the training of researchers and higher education faculty. Nevertheless, they made important contributions to doctorate training and research in Brazil. The current characteristics, designed in the 1980s, were incorporated by the new programs, among them, the Graduate Program in Psychology from the Federal University of Rio Grande Sul (UFRGS. This paper presents some considerations about the founding conditions and the fundamentals that are associated with the successful trajectory of the Graduate Program in Psychology from UFRGS and it describes the history of its foundation, its main principles and the way it is organized.

William B. Gomes

2010-01-01

44

45 CFR 304.20 - Availability and rate of Federal financial participation.  

Science.gov (United States)

...the information needed for a financial assessment; (iii) Referral...September 30, 1997, Federal financial participation is available...chapter. (d) Federal financial participation at the 90...repeated testing when necessary, analysis of test results, and...

2010-10-01

45

76 FR 70321 - Prevailing Rate Systems; Abolishment of Cumberland, ME, as a Nonappropriated Fund Federal Wage...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Federal Wage System (FWS) wage area and redefine Cumberland, Kennebec, and Penobscot Counties, ME, to the York, ME, NAF wage...Federal Wage System (FWS) wage area and redefine Cumberland, Kennebec, and Penobscot Counties, ME, to the York, ME, NAF...

2011-11-14

46

The US stock market leads the Federal funds rate and Treasury bond yields  

CERN Document Server

Using a recently introduced method to quantify the time varying lead-lag dependencies between pairs of economic time series (the thermal optimal path method), we test two fundamental tenets of the theory of fixed income: (i) the stock market variations and the yield changes should be anti-correlated; (ii) the change in central bank rates, as a proxy of the monetary policy of the central bank, should be a predictor of the future stock market direction. Using both monthly and weekly data, we found very similar lead-lag dependence between the S&P500 stock market index and the yields of bonds inside two groups: bond yields of short-term maturities (Federal funds rate (FFR), 3M, 6M, 1Y, 2Y, and 3Y) and bond yields of long-term maturities (5Y, 7Y, 10Y, and 20Y). In all cases, we observe the opposite of (i) and (ii). First, the stock market and yields move in the same direction. Second, the stock market leads the yields, including and especially the FFR. Moreover, we find that the short-term yields in the first ...

Guo, Kun; Cheng, Si-Wei; Sornette, Didier

2011-01-01

47

Performance in the MRCP(UK) Examination 2003–4: analysis of pass rates of UK graduates in relation to self-declared ethnicity and gender  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Male students and students from ethnic minorities have been reported to underperform in undergraduate medical examinations. We examined the effects of ethnicity and gender on pass rates in UK medical graduates sitting the Membership of the Royal Colleges of Physicians in the United Kingdom [MRCP(UK)] Examination in 2003–4. Methods Pass rates for each part of the examination were analysed for differences between graduate groupings based on s...

Dacre Jane E; Mollon Jennifer; McManus Chris; Dewhurst Neil G; Vale Allister J

2007-01-01

48

75 FR 72965 - Federal Travel Regulation; Removal of Privately Owned Vehicle Rates; Privately Owned Automobile...  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Governmentwide Policy, General Services...amending the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR...Governmentwide Policy, Office of Travel, Transportation...agency's current policies and procedures regarding...301-30--EMERGENCY TRAVEL 0 14. The...

2010-11-29

49

76 FR 48863 - Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Relocation Allowances-Standard Mileage Rate for Moving Purposes  

Science.gov (United States)

...Sequence 6] Federal Travel Regulation (FTR...Governmentwide Policy, General Services...Governmentwide Policy (M), Office of Travel, Transportation...Director, Office of Travel, Transportation...Governmentwide Policy. [FR Doc....

2011-08-09

50

Factors affecting graduation and student dropout rates at the University of KwaZulu-Natal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english This paper aims to introduce into the literature a competing risks methodology that can be used to help identify some student-specific and/or institutional factors which may be influencing the type of outcome experienced by a student when they leave the university system. Focusing on the length of t [...] ime that it takes students to graduate or drop out from their studies, this new methodology was applied to a database comprising all students enrolled for a degree at the University of KwaZulu-Natal between the years 2004 and 2012. Financial aid and residence-based accommodation were found to help students who will eventually graduate to do so quicker in terms of the number of credit points that they have to repeat. These same factors, however, also cause someone who will eventually be excluded on academic grounds to linger longer in the system. By focusing on the number of extra credit points that it takes to reach a particular exit point, this paper introduces into the literature a new measure whose use will help to overcome some of the more obvious problems that can occur when one uses calendar time to measure the length of time that it takes to reach a particular exit point.

Mike, Murray.

2014-12-01

51

42 CFR 412.73 - Determination of the hospital-specific rate based on a Federal fiscal year 1982 base period.  

Science.gov (United States)

...hospital-specific rate based on a Federal fiscal year 1982 base period. 412.73 Section...hospital-specific rate based on a Federal fiscal year 1982 base period. (a) Costs on a per...hospital's estimated adjusted base-year operating cost per discharge by...

2010-10-01

52

42 CFR 412.624 - Methodology for calculating the Federal prospective payment rates.  

Science.gov (United States)

...been made to inpatient rehabilitation facilities under part...determines that revisions in case-mix classifications...reflect real changes in case-mix. (4) Payment...discharge, an inpatient rehabilitation facility's Federal...settlement of the cost report. (5)...

2010-10-01

53

78 FR 58153 - Prevailing Rate Systems; North American Industry Classification System Based Federal Wage System...  

Science.gov (United States)

...negotiated rate Bureau of Reclamation (BOR) employees at the Yuma Projects Area were...rates for supervisors of negotiated rate BOR employees are not based on the negotiated...rates for supervisors of negotiated rate BOR employees be based on annual special...

2013-09-23

54

An Exploration of Higher Education Graduation Rates: A Case Study of Women in Jordan  

Science.gov (United States)

Jordan is viewed as a country of social, political, and economic advancement. It currently leads the region in literacy rates and is well on its way to achieving gender equity. Despite Jordan's reputation as one of the most 'advanced' countries in the region, there have been conflicted reports on higher education completion rates of women. Some…

Allaf, Carine

2010-01-01

55

User's Guide to Computing High School Graduation Rates. Volume 2. Technical Report: Technical Evaluation of Proxy Graduation Indicators. NCES 2006-605  

Science.gov (United States)

This report consists of two volumes, the first takes an in-depth look at the various graduation indicators, with a description of the computational formulas, the data required for each indicator, the assumptions underlying each formula, the strengths and weaknesses of each indicator, and a consideration of the conditions under which each indicator…

Seastrom, Marilyn M.; Chapman, Chris; Stillwell, Robert; McGrath, Daniel; Peltola, Pia; Dinkes, Rachel; Xu, Zeyu

2006-01-01

56

Flexible Charging for Multi-provider Composed Services using a Federated, Two-phase Rating Process  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present a framework enabling charging for composed services comprised of services offered by multiple providers. In the framework rating engines may generate charge information for individual services and provide this information upon request to other rating engines when these services are used as part of a composed service. Rating engines additionally employ a two-phase rating process which allows potentially complex business agreements between providers to be reflect...

Jennings, Brendan; Malone, Paul

2006-01-01

57

Dropout and Graduation Rates 2008-2009. Research Brief. Volume 0902  

Science.gov (United States)

The District conducts a "cross-sectional" analysis of student dropouts annually; it examines dropout rates among students enrolled in various grades at one point in time. A "longitudinal" analysis, also conducted annually, tracks a group of students in the same grade or cohort over a period of several years. Each method addresses a different…

Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools, 2010

2010-01-01

58

Dropout and Graduation Rates 2010-2011. Research Brief. Volume 1107  

Science.gov (United States)

The District conducts a "cross-sectional" analysis of student dropouts annually; it examines dropout rates among students enrolled in various grades at one point in time. A "longitudinal" analysis, also conducted annually, tracks a group of students in the same grade or cohort over a period of several years. Each method addresses a different…

Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

59

Dropout and Graduation Rates 2009-2010. Research Brief. Volume 1101  

Science.gov (United States)

The District conducts a "cross-sectional" analysis of student dropouts annually; it examines dropout rates among students enrolled in various grades at one point in time. A "longitudinal" analysis, also conducted annually, tracks a group of students in the same grade or cohort over a period of several years. Each method addresses a different…

Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools, 2011

2011-01-01

60

An Analysis of the Entropy Index Diversity Scores of Selected North Carolina Urban High Schools and the Impact on Teacher Quality, Student Achievement, and Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the differences in teacher quality, student achievement, and graduation rates among select North Carolina urban high schools based on their racial segregation when measured by the entropy index. The entropy index is a measure of evenness among racial groups used to determine the level of segregation…

Taylor, Robert Pernell

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Evaluating Cross-National Metrics of Tertiary Graduation Rates for OECD Countries: A Case for Increasing Methodological Congruence and Data Comparability  

Science.gov (United States)

By examining the different methods and processes by which national data gathering agencies compile and submit their findings to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the authors (1) assess the methodological challenges of accurately reporting tertiary completion and graduation rates cross-nationally; (2) to examine the…

Heuser, Brian L.; Drake, Timothy A.; Owens, Taya L.

2013-01-01

62

Hospitals ineligible for federal meaningful-use incentives have dismally low rates of adoption of electronic health records.  

Science.gov (United States)

The US government has dedicated substantial resources to help certain providers, such as short-term acute care hospitals and physicians, adopt and meaningfully use electronic health record (EHR) systems. We used national data to determine adoption rates of EHR systems among all types of inpatient providers that were ineligible for these same federal meaningful-use incentives: long-term acute care hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals, and psychiatric hospitals. Adoption rates for these institutions were dismally low: less than half of the rate among short-term acute care hospitals. Specifically, 12 percent of short-term acute care hospitals have at least a basic EHR system, compared with 6 percent of long-term acute care hospitals, 4 percent of rehabilitation hospitals, and 2 percent of psychiatric hospitals. To advance the creation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure, federal and state policy makers should consider additional measures, such as adopting health information technology standards and EHR system certification criteria appropriate for these ineligible hospitals; including such hospitals in state health information exchange programs; and establishing low-interest loan programs for the acquisition and use of certified EHR systems by ineligible providers. PMID:22392661

Wolf, Larry; Harvell, Jennie; Jha, Ashish K

2012-03-01

63

Inserción profesional de los licenciados en turismo: El caso de la Universidad Federal de Minas Gerais (Brasil entre 2005 y 2007 The Employability of Graduates of the Undergraduate Course in Tourism at the Federal University of de Minas Gerais (UFMG/Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este estudio tuvo como objetivo general analizar la inserción profesional de los egresados de la carrera de Turismo de la Universidad Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG, en Brasil, entre los años 2005 y 2007. Las estrategias metodológicas utilizadas fueron la investigación bibliográfica y la aplicación de entrevistas. La muestra del estudio estuvo formada por 40 egresados, lo que representa aproximadamente el 52% del universo de investigación. Los resultados muestran que el 48% de los egresados de la muestra están insertados profesionalmente en el campo del turismo, principalmente en el segmento de agencias (30%. Luego de analizar los resultados, se sugiere que las carreras de turismo desarrollen estudios para conocer la inserción profesional de sus egresados, e investiguen la percepción de los estudiantes respecto de la importancia de la institución educativa en la formación profesionalFormed in the Years 2005-2007. This study has as main objective to verify and analyze the employability of graduates of the undergraduate course in Tourism at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG, in Brazil, formed in the years 2005 to 2007. The methodological strategies used were literature review and questionnaires. The study sample consisted of 40 graduates, representing approximately 52% of the survey. The results showed that 48% of graduates surveyed are inserted professionally in the field of tourism, mainly in the segment of agencies (30%. As a result of the survey, we suggest that the graduate courses in tourism, in general, would to develop studies in order to verify the employability of its graduates and to investigate the students' perception about the importance of the institution in its professional formation

Tatiana Roberta de Souza

2010-12-01

64

Russian Federation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nuclear industry, research and academic programmes have been developing in the Russian Federation since the 1950s with the former USSR being the cradle of all nuclear programmes, which was later inherited by the Russian Federation. Moreover, the issue of nuclear personnel development has always been recognized as one of the imperatives for supporting research, engineering and production activities in the nuclear field. Thus, almost simultaneously with creating Soviet NFC sites, a number of University programmes aimed at preparing highly qualified and competent staff to meet the requirements of the field were established. The education and training system created then has been successfully operating in the country, having become mature and versatile. Hundreds of competent nuclear professionals are produced each year by leading national schools. It should be noted that the Russian traditional education scheme has always been a continuous process starting with secondary school (which includes high school, i.e. 8-11 forms). High school could be substituted by professional schools (technicums). After high school or a professional school, a student could go on to further education in a university. University graduates acquire diplomas ranking as high as Western MSc diplomas. Having defended diploma projects in technical specialties, the graduates are granted a qualification of engineer-physicist, engineer-designer, engineer-mathematician, etc., and can choose between two opician, etc., and can choose between two options: either continuing with their education to the PhD level, or getting a job at one of the nuclear industrial sites, research institutions, or other nuclear associated organizations. Once employed, they regularly go through updating and upgrading courses (according to the requirement of national regulatory bodies) and/or if necessary through retraining programmes. Recently, a two-step university education (4-year Bachelor of Science Degree Programme - step 1, and a 2-year Master of Science Degree Programme - step 2, has been introduced in RF. A characteristic feature of the new system is that currently it includes the elements of the traditional and the new one, e.g. a specialist having either BSc or engineer's diploma is eligible for being enrolled into MSc programme. But BSc graduates cannot be enrolled to the post graduate courses while engineers and MSc graduates can; with an MSc graduate having some privileges in competing when entering full-time post-graduate courses. Hence, the two educational schemes simultaneously existing are a unique experience whose lessons are to be learnt

65

Public High School Graduation and College Readiness Rates in the United States. Education Working Paper No. 3  

Science.gov (United States)

Students who fail to graduate high school prepared to attend a four-year college are much less likely to gain full access to our country's economic, political, and social opportunities. In this study, the authors estimate the percentage of students in the public high school class of 2001 who actually possess the minimum qualifications for applying…

Greene, Jay P.; Forster, Greg

2003-01-01

66

Dissertações produzidas no Programa de Pós-Graduação e Mestrado em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Paraná / The dissertations produced in the Graduate and Master's in Nursing Program at Universidade Federal do Paraná / Disertaciones generadas en el Programa de Posgraduación, Maestría en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraná  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Trata-se de estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e documental com objetivo de analisar as dissertações produzidas pelo Curso de Mestrado em Enfermagem do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Paraná, considerando o ajustamento de suas linhas de pesquisa. Para tanto foi reali [...] zada leitura crítica dos resumos e análise da temática das dissertações e da inserção na linha de pesquisa, bem como de métodos, abordagens, sujeitos, local, instrumentos e técnicas de pesquisa. Foram analisados 64 resumos de dissertações disponíveis on-line. Das produções analisadas há predominância do enfoque qualitativo e da utilização de entrevista. Verificou-se que as dissertações têm anuência com as linhas de pesquisa do Programa do Curso de Mestrado e sua análise pode contribuir para o redimensionamento de caminhos, linhas e pesquisas que o programa tem desenvolvido. Abstract in spanish Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, documental, que objetivó analizar las disertaciones generadas en el Curso de Maestría en Enfermería del Programa de Posgraduación en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraná, considerando el ajuste de sus líneas investigativas. Para ello se realizó lectura c [...] rítica de los resúmenes y análisis de la temática de las disertaciones y de la inserción en la línea investigativa, así como de métodos, abordajes, sujetos, lugares, instrumentos y técnicas de investigación. Se analizaron 64 resúmenes de disertaciones disponibles online. Entre el material analizado hay predominio del enfoque cualitativo y utilización de entrevista. Se verificó que las disertaciones tienen anuencia con las líneas investigativas del Programa del Curso de Maestría y su análisis puede contribuir al redimensionamiento de caminos, líneas e investigaciones que el programa ha desarrollado. Abstract in english This descriptive, retrospective documental study was performed with the objective to analyze the dissertations produced in the Graduate and Master's in Nursing Program at Universidade Federal do Paraná, considering the adjustment of its lines of research. To do this, a critical reading was performed [...] of the abstracts and thematic analysis was used to look at the dissertations and their inclusion in the lines of research, as well as the methods, approaches, subjects, location and research techniques used. A total 64 abstracts were analyzed from dissertations that were available online. Of the analyzed productions most make a qualitative focus and use interviews. It was found that the dissertations are in line with the lines of research proposed in the Master's Degree in Program and their analysis can contribute to re-dimensioning pathways, research lines and studies that the program has developed.

Karina Silveira de Almeida, Hammerschmidt; Maria de Fátima, Mantovani; Liliana Maria, Labronici; Maria Helena, Lenardt; Maria Ribeiro, Lacerda.

1466-14-01

67

PATHS FOLLOWED FOR THE DIGITIZATION OF THE DISSERTATIONS COMING FROM THE GRADUATE PROGRAM IN INFORMATION SCIENCE AT THE UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DA PARAÍBA USING THE DSPACE PLATFORM AS A DIGITAL REPOSITORY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital information and communicationtechnologies modify individual's behavior andchange social relations significantly. Within thisdynamic chain of information, we realize thatmany scientific studies deployed only in printedmatter, were limited geographically and itscontents did not have adequate visibility. Thisresearch aims to report the paths followed for thedigitization of the dissertations coming from theGraduate Program in Information Science at theUniversidade Federal da Paraíba (PPGCI/UFPBand made available through the DSpace platformas a digital repository. The research universe wascomposed by 174 dissertations. The documentswere scanned and processed using OpticalCharacter Recognition (OCR. It can be stated that26% of the existing dissertations are available atthe PPGCI/UFPB repository. Statistics show thatthese dissertations are being widely accessed bythe community.

Dulce Elizabeth Lima de Sousa

2010-12-01

68

75 FR 14443 - Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Maximum Per Diem Rates for the States of Kansas, New Mexico, New...  

Science.gov (United States)

...SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Maximum...AGENCY: Office of Governmentwide Policy, General Services Administration...Denning, Office of Governmentwide Policy, Travel Management Policy, at (202) 208-7642....

2010-03-25

69

Performance in the MRCP(UK Examination 2003–4: analysis of pass rates of UK graduates in relation to self-declared ethnicity and gender  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Male students and students from ethnic minorities have been reported to underperform in undergraduate medical examinations. We examined the effects of ethnicity and gender on pass rates in UK medical graduates sitting the Membership of the Royal Colleges of Physicians in the United Kingdom [MRCP(UK] Examination in 2003–4. Methods Pass rates for each part of the examination were analysed for differences between graduate groupings based on self-declared ethnicity and gender. Results All candidates declared their gender, and 84–90% declared their ethnicity. In all three parts of the examination, white candidates performed better than other ethnic groups (P P P = 0.011, but not on clinical skills (P = 0.176. Analysis of overall average marks showed no interaction between candidate gender and the number of assessments made by female examiners (P = 0.151. Conclusion The cause of these differences is most likely to be multifactorial, but cannot be readily explained in terms of previous educational experience or differential performance on particular parts of the examination. Potential examiner prejudice, significant only in the cases where there were two non-white examiners and the candidate was non-white, might indicate different cultural interpretations of the judgements being made.

Dacre Jane E

2007-05-01

70

The Federal Library Committee.  

Science.gov (United States)

The history, goals, organization and achievements of the Federal Library Committee (FLC) are examined in this graduate paper. A brief initial section relates the history of the Committee from the first recognition of its necessity through its planning, official creation and establishment of responsibilities, organization and funding. The body of…

Robisheaux, Judy

71

Opiniões de docentes e de coordenadores acerca do fenômeno da evasão discente dos cursos de graduação da Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC) / The opinions of teachers and coordinators concerning the phenomenon of student desistence from courses at graduate at the Federal University of Ceará (UFC) / Opiniones de docentes y de coordinadores de cursos sobre el fenomeno de la deserción discente de los cursos de graduación de la Universidad Federal de Ceará (UFC)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O texto aborda o fenômeno da evasão discente em cursos de graduação da Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC, desde a perspectiva de docentes e de coordenadores. Após revisão da literatura e apresentação das investigações executadas por W. B. Andriola e colaboradores, são descritos dados obtidos com 5 [...] 2 docentes e 21 coordenadores de cursos de graduação da UFC. Os resultados atestam que a maioria dos coordenadores e dos docentes entrevistados tem opinião favorável ao resgate da função do professor orientador. Opinam também que cabe às coordenações fornecer informações pertinentes e relevantes a todos os potenciais candidatos aos cursos de graduação da UFC. Por fim, acrescentam que caberá ao gestor dar ênfase à melhoria da infra-estrutura física, com especial atenção às salas de aula e aos laboratórios. Abstract in spanish El texto aborda el fenómeno de la deserción discente de cursos de graduación de la Universidad Federal de Ceará (UFC), según la óptica de los docentes y de los coordinadores. Después de una breve revisión de la literatura y de la presentación de investigaciones llevadas a cabo por W. B. Andriola y c [...] olaboradores, son descriptos datos obtenidos con 52 docentes y 21 coordinadores de cursos de graduación de la UFC. Los resultados atestan que la mayoría de los coordinadores y de los docentes entrevistados tienen la opinión favorable al rescate de la función del profesor orientador. También creen que cabe a las coordinaciones fornecer informaciones pertinentes y relevantes a todos los potenciales candidatos a los cursos de graduación de la UFC. Finalmente, añaden que tocará al gestor dar relieve a la mejoría de la infraestructura física, con especial atención a las clases y a los laboratorios. Abstract in english This research studies the phenomenon of students desistence from courses at graduate level at the Federal University of Ceará - UFC, from the teachers and coordinators perspectives. Having made a revision of the literature available on the matter and the investigations carried out by W. B. Andriola [...] and his assistents, this text offers data from 52 teachers and 21 coordinators of courses at graduate level at the UFC. The results show that the majority of the coordinators and the teachers who were interviewed had a favorable opinion for the function of a teacher tutor. They were also of the opinion that the coordinators are responsible to offer relevant and pertinent information to all candidates for graduate courses at the UFC. Finally, they felt that it up to the administrator to improve the physical infra-structure with special attention to the classrooms and the laboratories.

Wagner Bandeira, Andriola; Cristiany Gomes, Andriola; Cristiane Pascoal, Moura.

2006-09-01

72

Análise do perfil dos egressos do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina (Radiologia da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Profile analysis of post-graduates in Medicine (Radiology at the School of Medicine of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar o perfil dos alunos e as motivações que os levaram a cursar o Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina (Radiologia da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, bem como avaliar a produção científica, quantitativa e qualitativamente. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foi enviado questionário contendo perguntas abertas e fechadas a 183 ex-alunos. Responderam 148 egressos. Avaliaram-se expectativas, destino profissional e produção científica. RESULTADOS: O aprimoramento técnico-científico (39,08% e a evolução na carreira docente (26,82% foram os aspectos que mais motivaram os egressos a cursar a pós-graduação. As mudanças decorrentes da finalização do curso foram: melhor conhecimento técnico (33,33% e maior confiança no desempenho de suas funções (17,83%. Verificou-se que 60,42% estão atuando em instituições de ensino superior e 39,58% não, e que 84,93% dos artigos científicos sobre os temas das teses/dissertações foram publicados. CONCLUSÃO: O curso tem cumprido os requisitos essenciais para a formação de pesquisadores e docentes. Identificou-se a necessidade de atuação mais efetiva dos docentes do programa e de modificações curriculares, inserindo-se uma disciplina dedicada à elaboração de trabalhos científicos.OBJECTIVE: To identify the students' profile and their motivation to attend the Course of Post-Graduation in Medicine (Radiology at the School of Medicine of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, as well as to quantitative and qualitatively evaluate their scientific production. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire comprised of both open and closed questions was sent to 183 post-graduates, and 148 returned with answers. Expectations, professional destiny and scientific production were evaluated. RESULTS: Technical and scientific improvement (39.08% and docent career progression (26.82% were the primary motivating factors for students to attend the post-graduation course. The changes resulting from the conclusion of the course were: improvement of technical knowledge (33.33% and higher confidence in their professional performance (17.83%. This survey has demonstrated that 60.42% of the respondents work in higher education institutions and 39.58% do not, and that 84.93% of the scientific papers about themes of theses/dissertations were published. CONCLUSION: The course has met the essential requirements for researchers and docents education. Also, the survey has demonstrated the necessity of a more effective performance of the program docents besides curricular changes with the introduction of a discipline dedicated to the preparation of scientific papers.

Dalila Maria de Meirelles Barbosa

2009-04-01

73

Análise do perfil dos egressos do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina (Radiologia) da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro / Profile analysis of post-graduates in Medicine (Radiology) at the School of Medicine of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Identificar o perfil dos alunos e as motivações que os levaram a cursar o Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina (Radiologia) da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, bem como avaliar a produção científica, quantitativa e qualitativamente. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foi [...] enviado questionário contendo perguntas abertas e fechadas a 183 ex-alunos. Responderam 148 egressos. Avaliaram-se expectativas, destino profissional e produção científica. RESULTADOS: O aprimoramento técnico-científico (39,08%) e a evolução na carreira docente (26,82%) foram os aspectos que mais motivaram os egressos a cursar a pós-graduação. As mudanças decorrentes da finalização do curso foram: melhor conhecimento técnico (33,33%) e maior confiança no desempenho de suas funções (17,83%). Verificou-se que 60,42% estão atuando em instituições de ensino superior e 39,58% não, e que 84,93% dos artigos científicos sobre os temas das teses/dissertações foram publicados. CONCLUSÃO: O curso tem cumprido os requisitos essenciais para a formação de pesquisadores e docentes. Identificou-se a necessidade de atuação mais efetiva dos docentes do programa e de modificações curriculares, inserindo-se uma disciplina dedicada à elaboração de trabalhos científicos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To identify the students' profile and their motivation to attend the Course of Post-Graduation in Medicine (Radiology) at the School of Medicine of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, as well as to quantitative and qualitatively evaluate their scientific pr [...] oduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire comprised of both open and closed questions was sent to 183 post-graduates, and 148 returned with answers. Expectations, professional destiny and scientific production were evaluated. RESULTS: Technical and scientific improvement (39.08%) and docent career progression (26.82%) were the primary motivating factors for students to attend the post-graduation course. The changes resulting from the conclusion of the course were: improvement of technical knowledge (33.33%) and higher confidence in their professional performance (17.83%). This survey has demonstrated that 60.42% of the respondents work in higher education institutions and 39.58% do not, and that 84.93% of the scientific papers about themes of theses/dissertations were published. CONCLUSION: The course has met the essential requirements for researchers and docents education. Also, the survey has demonstrated the necessity of a more effective performance of the program docents besides curricular changes with the introduction of a discipline dedicated to the preparation of scientific papers.

Dalila Maria de Meirelles, Barbosa; Bianca, Gutfilen; Emerson Leandro, Gasparetto; Hilton Augusto, Koch.

2009-04-01

74

Papel do preceptor da atenção primária em saúde na formação da graduação e pós-graduação da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco: um termo de referência / The primary health care preceptor in undergraduate and graduate training at Pernambuco Federal University: a reference term  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo principal deste artigo é apresentar uma orientação teórica e prática aos preceptores da atenção primária à saúde vinculados à Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Pressupõe a atenção primária à saúde como um cenário de prática para estudantes de diferentes graduações e pós-graduações com c [...] aracterísticas próprias. Aborda aspectos importantes do processo ensino-aprendizagem no ambiente comunitário, articulando os diferentes atores deste, entre os quais o conceito de conhecimento na atenção primária; a relação preceptor-estudante; a correlação teoria e prática; a avaliação processual; o ensino e a pesquisa no trabalho; a inserção político-social da aprendizagem; a interdisciplinaridade; o trabalho em equipe e a interinstitucionalidade na integração ensino-serviço. Por fim, propõe a reintegração do espaço da educação, da pesquisa e do trabalho. Abstract in english This article aims to present a theoretical and practical guideline to primary health care preceptors connected to the Pernambuco Federal University. Primary health care is presumed as a practical setting for students of different undergraduate and graduate courses, with their own characteristics. Im [...] portant aspects of the teaching-learning process in the community are addressed, including the concept of knowledge in primary care; the preceptor-student relationship; theory-practice correlation; procedural assessment; education and research at work; socio-political context of learning; interdisciplinarity; teamwork and cross-institutional service-learning integration. Finally, it proposes the reintegration of the learning, research and work space.

Vitor Hugo Lima, Barreto; Regina Onezifora da Silva, Monteiro; Gustavo Sérgio de Godoy, Magalhães; Rodrigo Cariri Chalegre de, Almeida; Lara Neves, Souza.

2011-12-01

75

12 CFR 622.61 - Adjustment of civil money penalties by the rate of inflation under the Federal Civil Penalties...  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 false Adjustment of civil money penalties by the rate of inflation under...Procedures for Assessment and Collection of Civil Money Penalties § 622.61 Adjustment of civil money penalties by the rate of inflation...

2010-01-01

76

Nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: áreas de atuação, distribuição geográfica, índices de pós-graduação e de filiação aos órgãos de classe / Nutrition graduates from Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: areas of performance, geographical distribution, indexes of postgraduate degree and of affiliation to class associations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Esta investigação teve como objetivo avaliar o perfil dos nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, no período de 1983 a 2000, buscando identificar as áreas e cidades de atuação profissional e os índices de realização de Pós-Graduação, bem como observar a filiação [...] às entidades de classe. MÉTODOS: A metodologia consistiu na aplicação de um questionário auto-resposta, previamente testado, o qual foi remetido aos egressos via Correios, endereços eletrônicos e fax. Para análise dos dados, foi utilizado o programa Microsoft Access. RESULTADOS: As áreas de atuação que mais absorvem este recurso profissional são Alimentação Coletiva (28,9%), Nutrição Clínica (27,0%), Ensino (20,7%), Saúde Pública (12,6%) e Outras (10,8%). Evidencia-se que 51,4% dos nutricionistas atuam no município de Florianópolis, 8,1% em Balneário Camboriú e 8,1% em Blumenau. A maioria dos egressos está filiada aos Conselhos Regionais de Nutricionistas e um grande contingente (84,7%) ao Conselho Regional de Nutricionistas da segunda região, mas vinculam-se à Associação Catarinense de Nutrição apenas 27,5% dos egressos. CONCLUSÃO: Esta investigação vem confirmar a migração profissional entre as áreas de atuação do nutricionista prevista em estudos anteriores. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the profile of nutrition graduates from Federal University of Santa Catarina, in Brazil, in the period from 1983 to 2000, aiming to identify the areas and cities of professional performance and the indexes of accomplishment of postgradua [...] te degrees, as well as to observe the affiliation to the class associations. METHODS: The methodology consisted of the application of a self-answer questionnaire, previously tested, which was sent to the nutritionists through mail, electronic addresses and fax. For data analysis, the Microsoft Access program was used. RESULTS: The areas of performance that absorb most of this professional resource are Collective Feeding (28.9%), Clinical Nutrition (27.0%), Teaching (20.7%), Public Health (12.6%) and Others (10.8%). It was found that 51.4% of the nutritionists work in the city of Florianópolis, 8.1% in Balneário Camboriú and 8.1% in Blumenau. The great majority of graduates are associated with the Regional Council of Nutritionists and a great contingent (84.7%) with the Regional Council of Nutritionists of the second region, but only 27.5% of the nutritionists have joined the Santa Catarina Nutrition Association. CONCLUSION: This investigation confirmed the professional migration among the areas of performance foreseen in previous studies.

Emilaura, Alves; Camila Elizandra, Rossi; Francisco de Assis Guedes de, Vasconcelos.

2003-09-01

77

76 FR 5811 - Adjusted Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP) Rate for the First Quarter of Fiscal Year...  

Science.gov (United States)

...for the current fiscal year; (2) in addition to...reduction from the prior year, and after applying half...adjustment calculation each year. As such, the rates...Program Nos. 93.778: Medical Assistance Program; 93...Final 1st Hold harmless...

2011-02-02

78

76 FR 32204 - Adjusted Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP) Rates for the Second and Third Quarters of...  

Science.gov (United States)

...reduction from the prior year, and after applying half...unemployment tier for the final two quarters of the recession...the hold harmless FMAP. Final unemployment data for...the FMAP rates for the final two quarters of the recession...Program Nos. 93.778: Medical Assistance Program;...

2011-06-03

79

Engineering the Way to Becoming a Federal Engineer.  

Science.gov (United States)

Federal engineer tells engineering students how to become federal engineers and discusses the potential rewards and disadvantages of a civil service career. Notes that federal jobs are available for engineering graduates who are knowledgeable in the search process and who are persistent in seeking out such jobs. (NB)

Morgans, Carl J.

1991-01-01

80

Federalism Lives.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the concept of federalism in terms of its past history and its encouraging future. Calls for a revival of concern for federalism not simply as a convenient administrative arrangement but as a fundamental constitutional value. (BSR)

Howard, A. E. Dick

1987-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Understanding Federalism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Urges returning to the original federalist debates to understand contemporary federalism. Reviews "The Federalist Papers," how federalism has evolved, and the centralization of the national government through acts of Congress and Supreme Court decisions. Recommends teaching about federalism as part of teaching about U.S. government today. (NL)

Hickok, Eugene W., Jr.

1990-01-01

82

O rito e os emblemas na formatura das enfermeiras brasileiras no distrito federal (1924-1925 El rito y las insignias en la graduación de las enfermeras brasileñas en la capital federal (1924-1925 The rite and emblems at the graduation of brazilian nurses in the federal district in brazil (1924-1925  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Estudo histórico-social com o objetivo de analisar a formatura das escolas de enfermagem, em relação ao seu significado e aos emblemas como efeito da assinatura imagética das escolas e da profissão enfermagem para a sociedade. A análise do corpus documental se fez a partir da contextualização das fotografias, com base nos documentos escritos. O estudo evidenciou que os ritos de formaturas foi uma das maneiras de publicar a imagem da enfermeira à época, e que as representações objetais foram marcas emblemáticas na produção da crença simbólica. Desse modo, podemos ao final considerar que os ritos institucionais e as reapresentações objetais utilizados pela Escola Prática de Enfermeiras da Cruz Vermelha Brasileira e da Escola de Enfermeiras do Departamento Nacional de Saúde Pública foram estratégias de proclamarem a identidade da profissão, cada qual a sua maneira.Estudio histórico social con el objetivo de analizar la graduación de las escuelas de enfermería, en cuanto a su significado y a las insignias como efecto de la fijación de la imagen de las escuelas y de la profesión enfermería a la sociedad. El análisis del corpus documental se hizo a partir del contexto de las fotografías, con base en los documentos escritos. El estudio evidenció que los ritos de graduación fue una de las maneras de publicar la imagen de la enfermera a la época, y las representaciones de los objetos fueron marcas evidentes en la producción de la creencia simbólica. Así, podemos al final considerar que los ritos institucionales y las reexhibiciones de los objetos utilizados por la "Escola Prática de Enfermeiras da Cruz Vermelha Brasileira" y por la "Escola de Enfermeiras do Departamento Nacional de Saúde Pública" fueron estrategias a que proclamaran la identidad de la profesión cada cual a su manera.Socio-historical study aiming to examine the graduation of Nursing schools regarding its meaning and the emblems as an effect to fix the image of schools and the nursing profession to society. The analysis of the documentary Corpus was made from the context of photographs, based on written documents. The study showed that the graduation rites were one of the ways to publish the image of the nurse at that time and the objects representations were flagship brands in the production of symbolic beliefs. Thus, it is possible to finally consider that the institutional rites and objects representations used by the Practical School of Nurses of the Brazilian Red Cross and the School of Nurses of the National Department of Public Health were strategies to proclaim the Identity of the profession in their own ways.

Fernando Porto

2009-06-01

83

O rito e os emblemas na formatura das enfermeiras brasileiras no distrito federal (1924-1925) / The rite and emblems at the graduation of brazilian nurses in the federal district in brazil (1924-1925) / El rito y las insignias en la graduación de las enfermeras brasileñas en la capital federal (1924-1925)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Estudo histórico-social com o objetivo de analisar a formatura das escolas de enfermagem, em relação ao seu significado e aos emblemas como efeito da assinatura imagética das escolas e da profissão enfermagem para a sociedade. A análise do corpus documental se fez a partir da contextualização das fo [...] tografias, com base nos documentos escritos. O estudo evidenciou que os ritos de formaturas foi uma das maneiras de publicar a imagem da enfermeira à época, e que as representações objetais foram marcas emblemáticas na produção da crença simbólica. Desse modo, podemos ao final considerar que os ritos institucionais e as reapresentações objetais utilizados pela Escola Prática de Enfermeiras da Cruz Vermelha Brasileira e da Escola de Enfermeiras do Departamento Nacional de Saúde Pública foram estratégias de proclamarem a identidade da profissão, cada qual a sua maneira. Abstract in spanish Estudio histórico social con el objetivo de analizar la graduación de las escuelas de enfermería, en cuanto a su significado y a las insignias como efecto de la fijación de la imagen de las escuelas y de la profesión enfermería a la sociedad. El análisis del corpus documental se hizo a partir del co [...] ntexto de las fotografías, con base en los documentos escritos. El estudio evidenció que los ritos de graduación fue una de las maneras de publicar la imagen de la enfermera a la época, y las representaciones de los objetos fueron marcas evidentes en la producción de la creencia simbólica. Así, podemos al final considerar que los ritos institucionales y las reexhibiciones de los objetos utilizados por la "Escola Prática de Enfermeiras da Cruz Vermelha Brasileira" y por la "Escola de Enfermeiras do Departamento Nacional de Saúde Pública" fueron estrategias a que proclamaran la identidad de la profesión cada cual a su manera. Abstract in english Socio-historical study aiming to examine the graduation of Nursing schools regarding its meaning and the emblems as an effect to fix the image of schools and the nursing profession to society. The analysis of the documentary Corpus was made from the context of photographs, based on written documents [...] . The study showed that the graduation rites were one of the ways to publish the image of the nurse at that time and the objects representations were flagship brands in the production of symbolic beliefs. Thus, it is possible to finally consider that the institutional rites and objects representations used by the Practical School of Nurses of the Brazilian Red Cross and the School of Nurses of the National Department of Public Health were strategies to proclaim the Identity of the profession in their own ways.

Fernando, Porto; Tânia Cristina Franco, Santos.

2009-06-01

84

Fiscal Federalism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The central budget of a country collects only a fraction of the total fiscal revenues and executes only o fraction of the national public expenditures, the rest of the revenues and expenditures becoming the responsability of subnational governments. The economist Charles Tiebout developed a theoretical model which although makes an imperfect description of the reality, shows that people’s mobility is being influenced by tax rates and the amount of state/local expenditures. Thus, he suggests that the degree of responsibility that can be appointed to the local budgets should subscribe to the tax – benefits ratio, the extend of the positive externalities and the scale economies of public goods. Also, the issue of revenues distribution among communities is being raised, being identified three kinds of grants used by the public authorities: matching grants, block grants and conditional block grants. In the concept of fiscal federalism there can be found a limited analogy between national public finance theory and international public finance theory, with the international taxation as the pivotal element.

Tatiana Mosteanu

2007-06-01

85

Graduated Driver Licensing  

Science.gov (United States)

... this? Submit What's this? Submit Button Graduated Driver Licensing Language: English Español (Spanish) Share Compartir Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) systems are proven to reduce teen crashes ...

86

Graduates Employment: Valuable of Curtin University of Technology Sarawak Graduates  

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Full Text Available The main objective of this research is to study the valuable of Curtin University of Technology Sarawak’s graduates in 2006, as well as to study graduates’ perception and recommendation on programs offered. Questionnaires were distributed to School of Business and School of Engineering’s graduates before the Graduation Ceremony held on 11th May 2006 at the Imperial Hall, Mega Hotel. The study found that the employment rate is 64.9% in 2006. Unemployment rate dropped from 36% in 2004 to 25.3% in 2005 and then increased to 35.1% in 2006, however, from this unemployment group, it is found that 58.5% was ‘Still seeking for work’ scenario, while 32.3% took a break, 6.2% further studies, 1.5% choose not to work and 1.5% find difficult in getting a suitable job. The study also shows that around 69.17% of the Curtin’s graduate salary ranges are between RM1000 – RM1500 and RM1500 – RM1800. Related to graduates’ perception on the university, majority of students are very satisfied with the program offered by the school and even like to recommend their family members to study in this institution. However, number of recommendations was provided by the graduates to improve the quality of the programs. The program to be more relevant to the needs of the industry, especially industry training and practical work experiences, constant visitation to industry workplaces for better learning, applications towards theoretical components and increased contemporary knowledge currently practiced at the workplace to be brought into the classroom.

Chai Lee Goi

2010-04-01

87

Graduate Identity and Employability  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper develops the concept of graduate identity as a way of deepening the understanding of graduate employability. It does this through presenting research in which over 100 employers in East Anglia were asked to record their perceptions of graduates in respect of their employability. The findings suggest a composite and complex graduate

Hinchliffe, Geoffrey William; Jolly, Adrienne

2011-01-01

88

Funding Education beyond High School: The Guide to Federal Student Aid 2010-11  

Science.gov (United States)

Federal student aid is a financial help for eligible students to pay for educational expenses at an eligible postsecondary school (e.g., college, vocational school, graduate school). There are three categories of federal student aid: grants, workstudy, and loans. Federal student aid covers expenses such as tuition and fees, room and board, books…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

89

Discussion about the range of natural radiation exposure rate found in dwelling-houses in the Federal Republic of Germany and in Poland  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper the range of natural radiation exposure rate found in dwelling-houses is discussed. The source of this exposure are natural radionuclides 40K, 226Ra, 232Th and their decay products widely distributed in soil and in building materials. The resulting whole body dose equivalent rate of gamma radiation is compared to the effective dose equivalent rate of alpha radiation originating from 222Rn diffusing out of building materials and decaying to alpha emitting short living daughters. (Author)

90

Federal databases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Accident statistics on all modes of transportation are available as risk assessment analytical tools through several federal agencies. This paper reports on the examination of the accident databases by personal contact with the federal staff responsible for administration of the database programs. This activity, sponsored by the Department of Energy through Sandia National Laboratories, is an overview of the national accident data on highway, rail, air, and marine shipping. For each mode, the definition or reporting requirements of an accident are determined and the method of entering the accident data into the database is established. Availability of the database to others, ease of access, costs, and who to contact were prime questions to each of the database program managers. Additionally, how the agency uses the accident data was of major interest

91

Moral federalism  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many political issues like abortion, gay marriage or assisted suicide are strongly contested because individuals have preferences not only over their own choice but also about other individuals? actions. How should society decide these issues? This paper compares three regimes (centralization, decentralization and federalism) in an economy where individuals choose their residence and vote over a single-dimensional regulatory policy at the regional and national level. The main results are: (i)...

Janeba, Eckhard

2004-01-01

92

Transition within a graduate nurse residency program.  

Science.gov (United States)

As evidence of the effectiveness of these programs grows, nurse leaders feel the pressure to establish high-quality, yet cost-effective graduate nurse transition programs. In 2009, the authors developed an innovative program by incorporating transition theory, research results, stakeholder involvement, and the recommendations of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing. The graduate nurse residency program yielded positive outcomes, including stakeholder satisfaction and high retention rates. PMID:23061408

Varner, Kendra D; Leeds, Ruth A

2012-11-01

93

Nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: áreas de atuação, distribuição geográfica, índices de pós-graduação e de filiação aos órgãos de classe Nutrition graduates from Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: areas of performance, geographical distribution, indexes of postgraduate degree and of affiliation to class associations  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJETIVO: Esta investigação teve como objetivo avaliar o perfil dos nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, no período de 1983 a 2000, buscando identificar as áreas e cidades de atuação profissional e os índices de realização de Pós-Graduação, bem como observar a filiação às entidades de classe. MÉTODOS: A metodologia consistiu na aplicação de um questionário auto-resposta, previamente testado, o qual foi remetido aos egressos via Correios, endere...

Emilaura Alves; Camila Elizandra Rossi; Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos

2003-01-01

94

Federal Reserve policy since 1979  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article considers the change in the federal reserve instruments that occurred since October 1979. Before then, the FED used bank reserves to establish an interest rate that would result in the desired level of the money stock. After 1979 the FED replaced the federal funds rate as its control variable with the volume of bank reserves. In principal, provided the will to adjust interest rates when the money stock is off target exists, two policies show little difference. Critics of the Fed’s policy prior to 1979 often confuse principal with practice. Then, Fed policy was closer to pegging the federal funds rate than to using it as a control over the quantity of money.  

D. HAMBERG

2013-12-01

95

Graduate Business Students' Preferences for the Managerial Communication Course.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveys 255 graduate business students, 86% of them employed, regarding a core course they had taken in managerial communication. Presents findings regarding the most highly rated course topics, topics rated least important, and the most frequently suggested additional topics. (SR)

Hynes, Geraldine E.; Bhatia, Vinita

1996-01-01

96

Labour market outcomes of public health graduates: evidence from Australia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Little information is available on the public health workforce. This study contributes to the gap in the literature and examines the demographic characteristics, career destinations and earnings of Masters in Public Health (MPH) graduates in Australia, using data from the 1999-2009 waves of the Graduate Destination Survey. It was found that public health graduates had a high amount of female representation and very low proportions of indigenous representation. Public health graduates experienced a relatively low unemployment rate and 85% were employed within 120 days of graduation. However, close to half of the graduates did not work in the health industry or in health-related roles. The mean salaries of public health graduates working in public health roles were relatively low compared to those in other occupations, but they had a range comparable to that observed for public health professionals in the USA and were higher than those of other Masters graduates in some other health fields. The results indicate strong demand and positive employment prospects for public health graduates in Australia. Strategies to target recruitment and/or retention of female or indigenous graduates in the public health workforce should be a priority. Mapping of public health graduate destinations and employment prospects should might be prioritised, given its strong potential to facilitate workforce planning and provide potential public health workers with more comprehensive career trajectories. PMID:23782503

Li, Ian W; Awofeso, Niyi

2014-09-01

97

Estimación de la Incidencia de Cáncer de Tiroides en Capital Federal y el Gran Buenos Aires (período 2003-2011 Incidences Rates of Thyroid Cancer in Buenos Aires (2003-2011  

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Full Text Available La incidencia del cáncer de tiroides ha aumentado significativamente en las últimas décadas en el resto del mundo. En Argentina no existe un registro nacional de cáncer por lo que la incidencia del mismo no puede establecerse. Por lo tanto, nuestro objetivo fue estimar la incidencia de cáncer de tiroides en la población de la Ciudad Autánoma de Buenos aires y Gran Buenos Aires así como la relación por género y la histología en el período de 2003 hasta 2011. Asumiendo que la población de afiliados a la Obra Social de la Policía Federal Argentina es representativa de los habitantes de Buenos Aires y el conurbano calculamos que la incidencia es de 6,51 casos/100.000 habitantes/año, con un incremento en 25 años mayor al doble, con predominio del carcinoma papilar frente al folicular.Thyroid cancer incidence has significantly risen worldwide in the last decades. In Argentina, there is no national cancer registry; therefore its incidence can not be established. The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of thyroid cancer in the population of Buenos Aires City and suburbs, and the relationship between gender and histology over the period 2003-2011. Assuming that the population affiliated to the Social Security of the Argentine Federal Police is representative of the inhabitants of Buenos Aires City and suburbs, we estimate an incidence of 6.51 cases/100,000 population/year, with an increasing incidence of almost double from 1981-1986 to 2003-2011. An increase in papillary thyroid cancer was mainly responsible for this rising trend. Incidence rates were higher for females (11.76/100,000 women compared to those for males (2.65/100,000 men. Among men and women of all ages, the highest rate of incidence was for tumor size < 1 cm.

Eduardo N Faure

2012-03-01

98

Estimación de la Incidencia de Cáncer de Tiroides en Capital Federal y el Gran Buenos Aires (período 2003-2011) / Incidences Rates of Thyroid Cancer in Buenos Aires (2003-2011)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La incidencia del cáncer de tiroides ha aumentado significativamente en las últimas décadas en el resto del mundo. En Argentina no existe un registro nacional de cáncer por lo que la incidencia del mismo no puede establecerse. Por lo tanto, nuestro objetivo fue estimar la incidencia de cáncer de tir [...] oides en la población de la Ciudad Autánoma de Buenos aires y Gran Buenos Aires así como la relación por género y la histología en el período de 2003 hasta 2011. Asumiendo que la población de afiliados a la Obra Social de la Policía Federal Argentina es representativa de los habitantes de Buenos Aires y el conurbano calculamos que la incidencia es de 6,51 casos/100.000 habitantes/año, con un incremento en 25 años mayor al doble, con predominio del carcinoma papilar frente al folicular. Abstract in english Thyroid cancer incidence has significantly risen worldwide in the last decades. In Argentina, there is no national cancer registry; therefore its incidence can not be established. The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of thyroid cancer in the population of Buenos Aires City and s [...] uburbs, and the relationship between gender and histology over the period 2003-2011. Assuming that the population affiliated to the Social Security of the Argentine Federal Police is representative of the inhabitants of Buenos Aires City and suburbs, we estimate an incidence of 6.51 cases/100,000 population/year, with an increasing incidence of almost double from 1981-1986 to 2003-2011. An increase in papillary thyroid cancer was mainly responsible for this rising trend. Incidence rates were higher for females (11.76/100,000 women) compared to those for males (2.65/100,000 men). Among men and women of all ages, the highest rate of incidence was for tumor size

Eduardo N, Faure; María Jimena, Soutelo; Gabriel, Faraj; Rubén J, Lutf; Guillermo J, Juvenal.

2012-03-01

99

Employers of Graduates Study, 1994.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study was conducted by Central Piedmont Community College (CPCC), in North Carolina, to determine the perceptions of employers of CPCC graduates regarding the graduates' level of preparation. Questionnaires were sent to 160 employers who had CPCC graduates in positions related to their graduates' academic programs and for whom graduates had…

Central Piedmont Community Coll., Charlotte, NC. Dept. of Planning and Research.

100

The technical modernization of the area dose-rate measuring network of the German Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During the past ten years the German gamma dose rate network operated by BfS has been modernized significantly. The main element of this process was the development of a linux based data logger. Designed in-house, this device allows IP based data transfer as well as the interfacing of multiple probes, simultaneously. In addition spectroscopic detectors using the new digital multi channel analyzer are supported which provide nuclide specific information already during the passage of a radioactive plume. To improve the procedures of quality assurance and the inter-comparison of probes on an international scale, the inter-calibration facility operated by BfS at the Schauinsland was modernized in the last year. (orig.)

 
 
 
 
101

Employer and new graduate satisfaction with new graduate performance in the workplace within the first year following convocation from the Ontario Veterinary College  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mailed questionnaires administered to employers of graduates and to graduates of the Ontario Veterinary College in 2000 and 2001, 7 to 10 months after convocation, surveyed new graduate performance in the workplace. Proficiency at 9 species-specific (in 4 practice contexts) and 7 nonspecies-specific clinical activities were rated as “high,” “some,” or “low.” Fifteen nonvocation- specific attributes, reflecting interpersonal, communication, and business skills, and the new graduate...

Butler, Daniel G.

2003-01-01

102

Ronald Reagan's "New Federalism."  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes how changes in federal fiscal policies affect the federal government's relationship to state and local government. Franklin D. Roosevelt's and Ronald Reagan's formulas for "New Federalism" are compared. (AM)

Parker, Joseph B.

1982-01-01

103

Professores e Gestores: análise do perfil das Competências Gerenciais dos coordenadores de pós-graduação das Instituições Federais de Ensino Superior (IFES do RS [Lecturers and Managers: an analysis of the profile of managerial competencies of the post-graduation coordinators of Federal Institutions of Higher Education (IEFS in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A área educacional universitária tem buscado maior profissionalização de seus cargos administrativos a partir da necessidade de conciliar a gestão administrativa, pedagógica, acadêmica e científica. Dessa forma, o presente estudo tem como objetivo verificar o perfil de Competências Gerenciais dos coordenadores dos Programas de Pós-Graduação das Instituições Federais de Ensino Superior (IFES do Rio Grande do Sul, identificando se os mesmos possuem características que de acordo com a teoria são as consideradas ideais para administrar as atribuições do cargo que deverão desempenhar. Para tal, foi utilizado o modelo teórico de Gary Yukl, publicado em 1998. Esse modelo divide o perfil de Competências Gerenciais entre administrar tarefas e administrar relações. Foi construído um questionário com base na referida teoria. Esse questionário foi validado por meio de uma análise fatorial exploratória. O total de cursos de pós-graduação no Rio Grande do Sul, nas modalidades lato sensu e stricto sensu, foi pesquisado. O questionário foi enviado para 261 coordenadores, obtendo um retorno de 163 questionários, sendo 161 considerados válidos para a análise. As análises estatísticas da relação entre a área de conhecimento e o perfil de Competência Gerencial demonstraram que as áreas com características mais racionais e “científicas” estão mais relacionadas aos construtos que direcionam para administração do trabalho e/ou execução de tarefas. Enquanto que as áreas com características mais subjetivas, como as Humanas, apresentam uma relação mais forte com os construtos sobre administrar relações interpessoais. Já os testes sobre a relação entre as universidades e o perfil de competências identificaram características específicas entre administração de relações ou administração do trabalho. --- Lecturers and Managers: an analysis of the profile of managerial competencies of the post-graduation coordinators of Federal Institutions of Higher Education (IEFS in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil --- Abstract --- The university education area has sought a greater professionalization of the administrative positions from the need to reconcile the administrative, educational, academic and scientific management. Thus, this study has the purpose of checking the management skills of the coordinators which are in the Program of Post-Graduate at Federal Institutions (IFES in Portuguese in Rio Grande do Sul, identifying whether they have characteristics that according to the theory considered ideals for the position they should play. For this, we used the theoretical model of Gary Yukl, published in 1998. This model divides the profile of managerial skills into managing tasks and manages relationships. A questionnaire was constructed based on the theory referred and it was validated through an exploratory factor analysis. We examined the total number of postgraduate courses in Rio Grande do Sul. The questionnaire was send to 261 coordinators, obtaining the response of 163, being just 161 considerate valid to analysis. The statistical analysis between the area of knowledge and managerial competence profile demonstrated that the areas with a more rational expertise are more related to the constructs that lead to labor management and/ or performing tasks. While areas with more subjective characteristics, such as Humanities, showed the strongest relationship with the constructs of interpersonal relations. But the tests on the relationship between universities and the profile of skills identified specific characteristics between relationship management and administration work.

Breno Augusto Diniz Pereira

2011-06-01

104

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

Science.gov (United States)

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

Justice, U. S.

105

The Impact of Business Cycle Fluctuations on Graduate School Enrollment  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper adds to the understanding of student decisions about graduate school attendance by studying the magnitude of the effect of business cycle fluctuations on enrollment. I use data on graduate school enrollment from the Current Population Survey and statewide variation in unemployment rates across time to proxy for changes in business cycle…

Johnson, Matthew T.

2013-01-01

106

Funding Your Education: The Guide to Federal Student Aid, 2012-13  

Science.gov (United States)

Every student, who meets some basic eligibility requirements, can get some type of financial aid regardless of age or family income. Federal student aid is a financial aid from the federal government to help a student pay for education expenses at an eligible college, technical school, vocational school, or graduate school. There are three…

US Department of Education, 2011

2011-01-01

107

Where have all the graduates gone?  

Science.gov (United States)

Key facts and figures about the labour market for new graduates in the UK were published recently in the IES Annual Graduate Review 1998-99, which indicates that the demand for graduates amongst the traditional recruiters has continued to grow steadily, along with reports of recruitment difficulties. It is noteworthy that last year one in three graduates went into fixed-term or temporary appointments, while many of those who took up permanent jobs went into lower level work that did not make use of their graduate skills. Many graduates are taking more than a year, and sometimes up to three years, to find their way into permanent jobs and careers. Those graduating in computer science, engineering and mathematics, medicine and related subjects, or education have been the most likely to gain high level managerial, professional or technical jobs and have the lowest unemployment rates. In contrast, those with biological science, humanities, social sciences or creative arts degrees are most likely to be unemployed initially. Many new graduates commenced their jobs by earning salaries in the range £10 000-15 000, but they should of course continue to earn more than those lesser qualified, as well as having lower unemployment rates. Of the 400 000 students who graduated in 1998 (more than double the total of a decade ago), over half had first degrees and the rest undergraduate or postgraduate qualifications. Despite the growth, entry to the physical sciences, engineering and technology has been falling, as has the proportion on sandwich courses. Women now comprise the majority of entrants to first degrees but remain under-represented in mathematics, physical science and engineering or technology courses. Interestingly more than one in three students now has a paid job during their course; such work experience can be beneficial to their long-term job searches. In the longer term, numbers of graduates are expected to stay broadly constant over the next three years, followed by a slight growth in numbers. It is expected that the rising demand for graduates will be maintained but the number of openings for new graduates will not grow sufficiently quickly to absorb the higher numbers actually graduating. With the costs of a degree rising and the returns falling, students would be advised to be increasingly flexible in their investment in higher education and should view the long-term career options. Employers, on the other hand, will have the challenge of recruiting graduates with the right skills and competencies. Those in the greatest demand will combine intellectual with personal attributes and skills in areas such as team-working, motivation and communication, as well as the ability to continue learning. Such attributes will also be important for those in technical areas where good specialist knowledge will rarely be enough. Working and communicating with nonspecialist customers and colleagues is required more and more. Employers should also be focusing on their actual needs in recruits and what they can offer by way of jobs and careers, so that a more realistic match between recruits and jobs, with better long-term performance and retention, ensues. IES Annual Graduate Review 1998-99: the Key Facts by R Pearson et al (IES Report 354, January 1999, ISBN 1 85184 283 7) costs £27.50 and is obtainable from Grantham Book Services, Isaac Newton Way, Alma Park Industrial Estate, Grantham NG31 9SD (fax: 01476 541061).

1999-03-01

108

Career choices on graduation--a study of recent graduates from University College Cork.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

INTRODUCTION: Irish dental graduates are eligible to enter general dental practice immediately after qualification. Unlike their United Kingdom counterparts, there is no requirement to undertake vocational training (VT) or any pre-registration training. VT is a mandatory 12-month period for all UK dental graduates who wish to work within the National Health Service. It provides structured, supervised experience in training practices and through organised study days. AIMS: This study aimed to profile the career choices made by recent dental graduates from UCC. It aimed to record the uptake of VT and associate posts, and where the graduates gained employment. METHODOLOGY: A self-completion questionnaire was developed and circulated electronically to recent graduates from UCC. An existing database of email addresses was used and responses were returned by post or by email. A copy of the questionnaire used is included as Appendix 1. RESULTS: Questionnaires were distributed over an eight-week period and 142 were returned, giving a response rate of 68.90%. Responses were gathered from those who graduated between 2001 and 2007; however, the majority came from more recent classes. Overall, the majority of graduates took up associate positions after qualification (71.8%) with smaller numbers undertaking VT (28.2%). Increasing numbers have entered VT in recent years, including 54.3% from the class of 2007. Overall, the majority of graduates initially took up positions in England (43%); however, in recent times more have been employed in Scotland. Subsequent work profiles of the graduates illustrate that the majority are now working as associates in general practice (51.4%) and in Ireland (54.2%). CONCLUSIONS: There has been an increase in the proportion of UCC graduates undertaking VT. Graduates tended to move away from Ireland initially to gain employment. There has been a shift away from employment in England towards Scotland where the majority of new UCC graduates are now initially employed. The majority of graduates returned to Ireland for employment after the initial move away.

McKenna, Gerald

2010-04-23

109

Fiscal federalism network - OECD  

...GDP,fiscal federalism,Database,tax,ctpa,ctp,fiscal network,fiscal decentralisation database Fiscal federalism network - OECD Français Follow us E-mail Alerts Blogs OECD ...Topics Statistics Newsroom OECD Home › Centre for Tax Policy and Administration › Fiscal federalism network › OECD Fiscal Decentralisation Database Fiscal federalism network Aggressive tax ...planning Consumption tax Dispute resolution Exchange of information Fiscal federalism network Global relations in taxation Tax administration Tax policy analysis Tax treaties Tax and ...Fiscal rules indicator tables [Table 20: 2005/2011] Back to the top   Related Documents   Fiscal Federalism Network Working Papers Other OECD work on Fiscal Federalism OECD Tax ...

110

Fiscal federalism network - OECD  

...Fiscal federalism network - OECD Français Follow us E-mail Alerts Blogs OECD Home About Countries Topics Statistics Newsroom OECD Home › Tax › Fiscal ... federalism network Fiscal federalism network Aggressive tax planning Consumption tax Dispute resolution Exchange of information Fiscal federalism network Global relations in taxation Public finance ...policy analysis Tax treaties Transfer pricing Find OECD Fiscal Decentralisation Database Fiscal Federalism Network Working Papers Other OECD work on Fiscal Federalism Overview of ...Fiscal Network Flyer 2013 Latest Documents Focus OECD Fiscal Decentralisation Database Reforming Fiscal Federalism: Beyond the Zero-Sum Game Measuring Fiscal Decentralisation: Concepts and ...

111

Fiscal federalism network - OECD  

...Fiscal federalism network - OECD Français Follow us E-mail Alerts Blogs OECD Home About Countries Topics Statistics Newsroom OECD Home › Centre for Tax ...Policy and Administration › Fiscal federalism network Fiscal federalism network Aggressive tax planning Consumption tax Dispute resolution Exchange of information Fiscal federalism network Global relations ...treaties Tax and crime Transfer pricing Find OECD Fiscal Decentralisation Database Fiscal Federalism Network Working Papers Other OECD work on Fiscal Federalism Overview of ...Fiscal Network Flyer 2013 Latest Documents Focus OECD Fiscal Decentralisation Database Reforming Fiscal Federalism: Beyond the Zero-Sum Game Measuring Fiscal Decentralisation: Concepts and ...

112

Success and Attrition Characteristics in Graduate Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

Program changes are suggested to improve the successful completion rate: the adoption of an optional Doctor of Arts degree program, a carefully planned reduction of entering class size, an expansion of total graduate enrollment and simultaneous adoption of a two-track program. (JB)

Decker, Robert L.

1973-01-01

113

The Siemens graduate program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Siemens is an international company acting in different domains: power generation, communication and information, traffic, health, etc. To be more flexible and active in a world in constant evolution, the company proposes a graduate program where young people with a special background have the possibility to start an international career in all the domains of activity. This graduate program is especially important in the domain of nuclear energy, where the know-how transfer between the previous generation and the new one is a constant point of interest. This article presents the conditions to be accepted in this graduate program, and the supplementary training supporting this program. The Siemens graduate program (Sg) proposes a global concept with a main emphasis being international. (authors)

114

The Employability Of Graduates In Competitive Organisations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper attempts to clarify the employability construct as it relates to competitive organisation. The major purpose of the paper is in promoting awareness of the need for curriculum reform directed at improving employability of graduates. Unemployment of graduates or underemployment of university graduates is a gross waste that no nation can afford. Past studies have focused in identifying the reasons for the large unemployment of graduates. Jobstreet, a Malaysian employment agency conducted a survey of human resource personnel and bosses in 2005, and they reported that the major reasons for unemployment in Malaysia were: · Weak English - 56% · Bad Social Etiquette - 36% · Demand too much pay - 32% · Degrees not relevant - 30% · Fresh graduates too choosy - 23% · No vacancies - 14% In Nigeria, Tim Akano, Chief Executive Officer of New Horizon Training Institute, told BusinessDay, an interview in Lagos, that the high rate of unemployment was because of the lack of appropriate skilled manpower to fill job vacancies. He said there are people changing jobs almost every four months whereas others have been looking for jobs since the last five years. He reasoned that this was so because of the type of skills they have. He pointed out that there was a mismatch between what tertiary institutions produce and what employers need. Even in UK, it has been reported that there are mismatchs between what industry needs and what graduates are qualified in. One - in - 12 graduates from courses, including fine arts, drama, dance and music were not in work or further study six months after leaving university (Graeme Paton, Education Editor -3rd July 2008. The curriculum reform recommendations of the paper are based on the experiments of R.E.Boyatizis and his aasociates in the Weatherhead School of Management (WSOM at Case western Reserve University (l980 and the Princples of Andragogy defined by Knowles (1986.

Dr. Abdul Farouk Ahmed

2009-08-01

115

The profile of Dentistry students at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul and expectations regarding the profession, 2010-2011 / O perfil do formando em Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul e expectativas quanto à profissão, 2010-2011  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Analisar o perfil sociodemográfico dos formandos em Odontologia na Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2010-2011, os motivos que os levaram a optar pela Odontologia, satisfação com o curso, bem como perspectivas de [...] trabalho e de pós-graduação. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal observacional com formandos em Odontologia, turmas 2010-2/ 2011-1 (n=76, taxa de resposta 90,5%). Coleta de dados aconteceu pela aplicação de questionário pré-testado, estruturado e anônimo. Resultados foram agrupados em tabelas e gráficos por meio da distribuição de frequência das variáveis investigadas (análise descritiva), com auxílio do programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) para Windows versão 17.0. Estudo aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (18249). RESULTADOS: Os formandos em Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, turmas 2010-2/2011-1, eram, em sua maioria, mulheres, jovens, solteiros, sem filhos, naturais do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, com renda familiar mensal de 10 a 20 salários mínimos e sem a presença de dentistas na família. Mais de 90% desses estudantes estavam satisfeitos com a opção pela Odontologia. Optaram pelo curso especialmente pela realização pessoal e profissional, seguida pela segurança e tranquilidade no futuro, posição social e conforto financeiro. A maior parte dos estudantes avaliou o curso como bom ou ótimo. Pretendem, em sua maioria, trabalhar tanto no serviço público quanto no privado e fazer pós-graduação, principalmente especialização. CONCLUSÃO: Resultados identificaram o perfil do formando em Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, turmas 2010-2/2011-1. Recomenda-se o acompanhamento permanente dos formandos como importante instrumento de monitoramento tanto dos estudantes quanto do desenvolvimento do currículo integrado vigente. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: We analyze the socio-demographic profile of the dentistry graduates at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2010-2011, the reasons which led them to choose Dentistry, appreciation for the course, as well as job [...] prospects and Graduate studies. METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational study Dentistry graduates, classes of 2010-2/ 2011-1 (n=76, 90.5% response rate). Data collection took place through the giving of a structured and anonymous pre-tested questionnaire. Results were grouped in tables and graphs by means of the distribution of the frequency of variables studied (descriptive analysis), with the assistance of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows 17.0. This Study was approved by the Committee on Ethics in Research of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (18249). RESULTS: The classes of 2010-2/ 2011-1 Dentistry Graduates of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, were, in their majority, women, young, single, childless, natives of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, with a monthly salary income of 10 to 20 minimum salaries and without the presence of dentists in the family. More than 90% of these students were satisfied with the choice of Dentistry. They opted for the course especially due to personal as well as professional success, followed by security and peace of mind and financial comfort. The great part of the students evaluated the course as good or excellent. They intend, as a majority, to work in the public service as well as private practice and graduate work, particularly, specialization. CONCLUSION: Results identified the profile of the classes of 2010-2/ 2011-1 Dentistry graduate of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, classes of 2010-2/2011-1. It has been recommended that there be a permanent follow up of the graduates as an important instrument for monitoring the students as well as the development of the current integrated curriculum.

Fernando Stumpf, BÖCKMANN; Bruna Barnard, MOTTA; Jerônymo Maciel, CAMARGO; Paulo Cauhy, PETRY; Ramona Fernanda Ceriotti, TOASSI.

2014-09-01

116

Preparing graduate students to be educators  

CERN Document Server

We present two programs that address needs to better prepare graduate students for their roles as professional physicists, particularly in the areas of teaching and education research. The two programs, Preparing Future Physicists (PFP) and a course, Teaching and Learning Physics, are designed to be mutually supportive, address these broader graduate roles, and support the development of the field of physics education research. While voluntary, PFP has attracted the participation of roughly half the physics graduate students at each of two large research institutions. Compared to the national rate, these students are roughly twice as likely to report an interest in pursuing future roles as educators. While less than one in five of participants surveyed reported education being valued by the research community in physics, more than 90% reported intentions to incorporate the results of research in physics education in their future teaching. Experience with the synergistic program, Teaching and Learning Physics,...

Price, E; Price, Edward; Finkelstein, Noah

2006-01-01

117

Gender issues in graduate science success  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigators have developed various explanations for the under-representation of women in science. While some feminist scholars postulate that the Western practices of scientific inquiry make their pursuit by females unattractive, others have investigated various aspects of the education process and their influence in students' interest in science. Research indicates that women continue to drop out of science even after choosing a science major. This trend continues in graduate school. However, few researchers have tried to examine, in a comprehensive manner, the various factors that may contribute to student attrition, particularly female, from graduate science programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of graduate students on their work environment in two science departments. Quantitative and qualitative methodologies were used to determine gender and departmental differences in students' perspectives in four areas: (1) the nature of science, (2) students' relationships with their colleagues, (3) students' relationships with their advisors, and (4) students' perceptions of the overall environment in their departments. Results of the study include: (a) female and male students entered graduate school with comparable levels of self-confidence and undergraduate GPAs; (b) female and male students maintained comparable GPAs during their stay in the program and spent equal number of hours doing research in their laboratories; (c) while in graduate school female students experienced a significantly greater decrease in self-confidence than their male colleagues; (d) the attrition rate among female students was significantly greater than among their male counterparts; (e) in general, female students perceived their working environment more negatively than their male colleagues; and (f) the science department with the highest overall graduate student attrition rate (36% vs. 22%) also had a smaller percentage of female students (30% vs. 43%) and female faculty (0% vs. 19%), and was seen by female students, but not by male students or by faculty, as a less supportive environment.

Ferreira, Maria M.

118

Federal Medication Terminologies  

Science.gov (United States)

The Federal Medication (FedMed) interagency collaboration is organizing an agreed set of standard, comprehensive, freely and easily accessible Federal Medication Terminologies (FMT) to improve the exchange and public availability of medication information.

119

76 FR 45545 - Foreign Institutions-Federal Student Aid Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

...U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) and citizenship data by foreign graduate...U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), and the school's citizenship rate...medical schools must submit scores on the USMLE, earned during calendar year 2010 by...

2011-07-29

120

The Impact of Continuous Instructional Development on Graduate and Undergraduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

A continuous development program for graduate instructors assigned to a particular freshman chemistry course was implemented to supplement the department orientation for new graduate students. Attention to teaching and learning issues on a weekly basis appears to have been helpful in developing graduate students' potential as effective instructors and was well received by a majority of graduate instructors. Results of student evaluations indicate that graduate instructors in the trial group were rated more favorably than those in the comparison group in the areas of being prepared, providing lucid explanations, being effective at helping students learn to think, and overall performance.

Nurrenbern, Susan C.; Mickiewicz, Joseph A.; Francisco, Joseph S.

1999-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

High energy physicists and graduate students. 1985 Census  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An alphabetical listing is given of high energy physicists and graduate students, providing the person's name, rank, and institution. Another listing gives the faculty (or permanent staff) and graduate students for each institution, listing for each person the date of birth, year and institution of highest degree, the rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and their sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is also indicated an estimated date for their degree. Where appropriate, a person may be listed at more than one institution. Except as noted, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1985

122

The Siemens graduate program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

SIEMENS is an international company acting in various domains: power generation, communication and information, traffic, health...etc. To increase flexibility and activity in a world in constant evolution, the company proposes a graduate program where young people with a special background have the possibility to start an international career in one of the different business areas. This graduate program is also very important in the domain of nuclear energy, where the know-how transfer between the previous generation and the new one is a constant point of interest. (author)

123

44 CFR Appendix A to Part 62 - Federal Emergency Management Agency, Federal Insurance Administration, Financial Assistance...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Whereas the Federal Insurance Administration (FIA) within the Mitigation Division recognizes...4081); and Whereas, the goal of the FIA is to develop a program with the insurance...Arrangement shall charge rates established by the FIA; and Whereas, FIA has...

2010-10-01

124

Teaching about American Federal Democracy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ten essays discuss federal democracy, the form of government of the United States. The first essay discusses the origins of American federalism. The second examines why we have a federal system, the functions federalism serves, and the consequences of federalism for the American political system. Federalism in the Constitution and constitutional…

Schechter, Stephen L., Ed.

125

Graduate Music Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This essay on graduate music education is in response to an article by David Hebert on challenges and solutions in online music teacher education that appeared in the online journal, "Research and Issues in Music Education," 5(1). The author found the article stimulating because so little has been written on the topic of music teacher education at…

Phillips, Kenneth H.

2008-01-01

126

Federal Trade Commission  

Science.gov (United States)

... Site Information Privacy Policy Website Policy No FEAR Act USA.gov Accessibility Digital Government Strategy Open Government Federal Trade Commission Headquarters: 600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, DC ...

127

Federal environmental inspections handbook  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Federal Environmental Inspection Handbook has been prepared by the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Guidance, RCRA/CERCLA Division (EH-231). It is designed to provide DOE personnel with an easily accessible compilation of the environmental inspection requirements under Federal environmental statutes which may impact DOE operations and activities. DOE personnel are reminded that this Handbook is intended to be used in concert with, and not as a substitute for, the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Federal Register (FR), and other applicable regulatory documents

128

The faculty costs to educate a biomedical sciences graduate student.  

Science.gov (United States)

Academic medical centers nationwide face numerous fiscal challenges resulting from implementation of restructured healthcare delivery models, contracting state support for higher education, and increased competition for federal and other sources of biomedical research funding. In pursuing greater accountability and transparency in its fiscal operations, the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) has implemented a responsibility centers management budgetary model, which requires all MUSC colleges to be eventually self-sustaining financially. Graduate schools in the biomedical sciences are particularly vulnerable in the face of these challenges, depending traditionally as they do on financial support from training grant tuition, occasional medical school tuition and medical practice plan revenues, graduate college-based revenue-generating programs, and faculty payment of PhD tuition. The revenue streams are often insufficient to support PhD training programs, and supplemental financial support is required from the institution. In the context of a college of graduate studies, estimates of the cost of educating a graduate student become a significant necessity. This study presents a readily applicable model of empirically estimating the faculty salary costs that may provide a basis for budgetary planning that will help to sustain a biomedical sciences graduate school's commitment to its teaching, research, and service mission goals. PMID:25673355

Smolka, Adam J; Halushka, Perry V; Garrett-Mayer, Elizabeth

2015-03-01

129

Federalism, Agenda Setting, and the Dynamics of Federal Education Policy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is part of a larger project on agenda setting in the U.S. federal system and the development of the federal education agenda since 1965. Two questions motivate the paper, one theoretical and the other empirical: (1) how does federalism affect the federal agenda?; and (2) what explains the development of federal involvement in K-12…

Manna, Paul

130

INFORMATION SYSTEMS GRADUATE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN BRAZIL INFORMATION SYSTEMS GRADUATE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN BRAZIL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta o Programa de Pós-graduação em Sistemas de Informação da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO e suas estratégias para desenvolver pesquisas na área no Brasil. Essas estratégias incluem o projeto de áreas de pesquisa em Sistemas de Informação e do currículo do seu programa de Mestrado, a organização de cursos de pós-graduação em desenvolvimento de software, o envolvimento dos estudantes em projetos de extensão e a estruturação de um relacionamento saudável com parceiros industriais. O artigo é encerrado com a discussão dos desafios enfrentados pelo Programa para desenvolver suas estratégias e a pesquisa em Sistemas de Informação no Brasil. This paper presents the Graduate Program on Information Systems of the Federal University of the Rio de Janeiro State (UNIRIO and its strategies to foster IS research in Brazil. These strategies include the design of IS research areas and the curricula for its Master degree course; the organization of graduate software development courses; the students' involvement in extension projects and the structuring of a healthy relationship with industrial partners. The paper concludes with the challenges faced by the Program to enforce its strategies and IS research in Brazil.

Renata Mendes de Araújo

2010-12-01

131

Graduates in Academic Libraries: A Survey of Past Students of the Post-Graduate School of Librarianship and Information Studies, Sheffield University, 1964/65-1970/71  

Science.gov (United States)

The Sheffield follow-up study revealed that an overwhelming majority of graduates of the Post-Graduate School of Librarianship and Information Science are satisfied with their work and working situations. Some of the factors relating to job satisfaction/dissatisfaction are examined together with job mobility and drop-out rates. (6 references)…

Roberts, Norman

1973-01-01

132

Downstate Medical School Graduation  

Science.gov (United States)

Thirty-nine years ago, I was supposed to be receiving my medical degree from another institution in this city in front of my proud parents. Instead, I was indulging my wanderlust in the mountains of Kashmir. So I know from my own negligent behavior how important it is for the graduates who are here today to give homage to the families that helped you to come as far as you have.

133

Dimensions of Modern Federalism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Encapsulates a series of brief essays exploring different aspects of modern federalism. Issues include further protection of individual rights extended through state constitutions and federalism and the world economy. Authors include Robert F. Williams, Earl H. Fry, and Daniel J. Elazar. (MJP)

Williams, Robert F.; And Others

1995-01-01

134

78 FR 4369 - Rates for Interstate Inmate Calling Services  

Science.gov (United States)

...ICS rates in federal prisons are set by the Federal Bureau of Prisons. 3. Public Policy...argue that ICS rate reform is a public policy...officials responsible for prison telecommunications...comments regarding ICS reform. Responses to...

2013-01-22

135

Notifiable events in systems for fission of nuclear fuels - nuclear power plants and research reactors whose maximum output exceeds 50 kW of thermal normal rating - in the Federal Republic of Germany. Annual report 1994  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The report presents a survey of notifiable events in nuclear power plants and research reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany that occurred in the given reporting period. The survey lists notifiable events both according to the German classification system of safety significance, S (immediate notification), E (prompt notification), as well as events classified under the INES system, (level 1 and higher), and notifiable events that have been re-classified after review. (orig.)

136

A Fresh Look at Graduate Programs in Teacher Leadership in the United States  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher leadership has been studied in the United States for 30 years, but less is known about American graduate programs that purport to prepare teacher leaders. Furthermore, the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 prompted a closer look at teacher effectiveness, which then shifted the definition of teacher leadership and caused some…

Leonard, Jack; Petta, Katherine; Porter, Christina

2012-01-01

137

The Role of International Medical Graduates in America?s Small Rural Critical Access Hospitals  

Science.gov (United States)

Critical access hospitals (CAHs) are a federal Medicare category for isolated rural facilities with 15 or fewer acute care beds that receive cost-based reimbursement from Medicare. Purpose: This study examines the role of foreign-born international medical graduates (IMGs) in the staffing of CAHs. Methods: Chief executive officers (CEOs) of CAH…

Hagopian, Amy; Thompson, Matthew J.; Kaltenbach, Emily; Hart, L. Gary

2004-01-01

138

Graduate-Level Non-Degree Seeking Students: A Growing Audience  

Science.gov (United States)

Described as "ripe for the picking," non-degree seeking (NDS) students in graduate education are creating an accelerated awareness of how little is known by institutional, state, and federal stakeholders about this population. Recognition of the unidentified learning objectives, limited student services, and ambivalence within the university…

Young, William H.; Armstrong, Marilyn C.; Friedrich, Allison A.; Ray, Sharon N. E.

2009-01-01

139

Clinical capabilities of graduates of an outcomes-based integrated medical program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The University of New South Wales (UNSW Faculty of Medicine replaced its old content-based curriculum with an innovative new 6-year undergraduate entry outcomes-based integrated program in 2004. This paper is an initial evaluation of the perceived and assessed clinical capabilities of recent graduates of the new outcomes-based integrated medical program compared to benchmarks from traditional content-based or process-based programs. Method Self-perceived capability in a range of clinical tasks and assessment of medical education as preparation for hospital practice were evaluated in recent graduates after 3 months working as junior doctors. Responses of the 2009 graduates of the UNSW’s new outcomes-based integrated medical education program were compared to those of the 2007 graduates of UNSW’s previous content-based program, to published data from other Australian medical schools, and to hospital-based supervisor evaluations of their clinical competence. Results Three months into internship, graduates from UNSW’s new outcomes-based integrated program rated themselves to have good clinical and procedural skills, with ratings that indicated significantly greater capability than graduates of the previous UNSW content-based program. New program graduates rated themselves significantly more prepared for hospital practice in the confidence (reflective practice, prevention (social aspects of health, interpersonal skills (communication, and collaboration (teamwork subscales than old program students, and significantly better or equivalent to published benchmarks of graduates from other Australian medical schools. Clinical supervisors rated new program graduates highly capable for teamwork, reflective practice and communication. Conclusions Medical students from an outcomes-based integrated program graduate with excellent self-rated and supervisor-evaluated capabilities in a range of clinically-relevant outcomes. The program-wide curriculum reform at UNSW has had a major impact in developing capabilities in new graduates that are important for 21st century medical practice.

Scicluna Helen A

2012-06-01

140

Graduate Mathematical Physics  

CERN Document Server

This up-to-date textbook on mathematical methods of physics is designed for a one-semester graduate or two-semester advanced undergraduate course. The formal methods are supplemented by applications that use MATHEMATICA to perform both symbolic and numerical calculations. The book is written by a physicist lecturer who knows the difficulties involved in applying mathematics to real problems. As many as 40 exercises are included at the end of each chapter. A student CD includes a basic introduction to MATHEMATICA, notebook files for each chapter, and solutions to selected exercises. Free soluti

Kelly, James J

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Multiple Sclerosis International Federation  

Science.gov (United States)

... website MS-félag Íslands Visit their website Multipel Sklerose Forbundet I Norge Visit their website Tweets by @ ... risk of developing MS Learn more Contact us Multiple Sclerosis International Federation 3rd Floor Skyline House 200 ...

142

PhD and EdD Degrees for Mid-Career Professionals: Fielding Graduate University  

Science.gov (United States)

Adult professionals are continuing their learning over the lifespan entering graduate school in their thirties, forties, fifties, and, even sixties. Knowledge is the new economic currency today and the increasing rate at which new knowledge is generated in the global world requires continuous learning. The author describes Fielding Graduate

Kuipers, Judith L.

2011-01-01

143

Parkland College Transfer Program Graduate Follow-Up Survey, 2001-2002.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study presents findings from the 2001-2002 Transfer Program Follow-Up Survey of Parkland College (Illinois) graduates. A total of 423 students from baccalaureate/transfer programs were contacted approximately 6 weeks after graduation. Of those, 253 returned surveys, for a response rate of 59.8%. More than 58% of respondents were female, 81%…

Parkland Coll., Champaign, IL. Office of Institutional Research and Evaluation.

144

International Air Transport and Federal Policy  

Science.gov (United States)

The Federal policy which establishes guidelines for future U.S. participation in the international air transportation industry is discussed. The policy issues discussed include the following: (1) aircraft hijacking, both foreign and domestic, (2) relationship of scheduled services and charter services, (3) capacity problems, and (4) rate regulation.

Binder, R. H.

1972-01-01

145

Thermal Energy for Space Cooling--Federal Technology Alert  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Cool storage technology can be used to significantly reduce energy costs by allowing energy-intensive, electrically driven cooling equipment to be predominantly operated during off peak hours when electricity rates are lower. This Federal Technology Alert, which is sponsored by DOE's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), describes the basic types of cool storage technologies and cooling system integration options. In addition, it defines the savings potential in the federal sector, presents application advice, and describes the performance experience of specific federal users. The results of a case study of a GSA building using cool storage technology are also provided.

Brown, Daryl R.

2000-12-31

146

Federal Networking Council (FNC)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Federal Networking Council (FNC) is chartered by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to establish an effective interagency forum and long-term strategy to oversee the operation and evolution of the Federal Interagency Internet Program in support of research and education. The program is an element of the High Performance Computing and Communications Program (HPCC). The FNC Web page discusses the goals of the council as a forum for coordination, lists the members of the FNC and the FNC Advisory Committee, describes the FNC Working Groups and Committees, and provides links to related Web servers including member organizations,

1997-01-01

147

Federalism and health policy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a cyclical theory of U.S. federalism and social policy: Many social policy initiatives are tested and refined at the state level, especially during conservative periods, and later morph into national policies. The paper describes such federalism cycles and offers an interpretation of why and how they occur, focusing on Medicaid. State activism has preserved and expanded Medicaid through policy innovation and resistance to retrenchment, especially in conservative periods, by taking advantage of the flexibility the program provides. I conclude that Medicaid's incremental/partnership approach is appropriate and feasible to build on for a future expansion of health care coverage. PMID:16284017

Nathan, Richard P

2005-01-01

148

Federalism and Global Governance  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is becoming increasingly clear that the concept of the absolutely sovereign nation-state is a dangerous anachronism in a world of thermonuclear weapons, instantaneous communication, and economic interdependence. Probably our best hope for the future lies in developing the United Nations into a World Federation. The strengthened United Nations should have a legislature with the power to make laws that are binding on individuals, and the ability to arrest and try individual political leaders for violations of these laws. The world federation should also have the power of taxation, and the military and legal powers necessary to guarantee the human rights of ethnic minorities within nations.

John Scales Avery

2012-10-01

149

75 FR 34716 - Office of Elementary and Secondary Education; Overview Information; High School Graduation...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Office of Elementary and Secondary...Information; High School Graduation...rate or are middle schools that feed...of the Elementary and Secondary...Secretary for Elementary and Secondary...i) schools that...or (ii) middle schools...

2010-06-18

150

How does the medical graduates' self-assessment of their clinical competency differ from experts' assessment?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The assessment of the performance of medical school graduates during their first postgraduate years provides an early indicator of the quality of the undergraduate curriculum and educational process. The objective of this study was to assess the clinical competency of medical graduates, as perceived by the graduates themselves and by the experts. Methods This is a hospital based cross-sectional study. It covered 105 medical graduates and 63 experts selected by convenient sampling method. A self-administered questionnaire covering the different areas of clinical competency constructed on a five-point Likert scale was used for data collection. Data processing and analysis were performed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS 16.0. The mean, frequency distribution, and percentage of the variables were calculated. A non-parametric Kruskal Wallis test was applied to verify whether the graduates' and experts' assessments were influenced by the graduates' variables such as age, gender, experience, type of hospital, specialty and location of work at a (p ? 0.05 level of significance. Results The overall mean scores for experts' and graduates' assessments were 3.40 and 3.63, respectively (p= 0.035. Almost 87% of the graduates perceived their competency as good and very good in comparison with only 67.7% by experts. Female and male graduates who rated themselves as very good were 33.8% and 25% respectively. More than 19% of the graduates in the age group > 30 years perceived their clinical competency as inadequate in contrast with only 6.2% of the graduates in the youngest age group. Experts rated 40% of the female graduates as inadequate versus 20% of males, (p= 0.04. More than 40% of the graduates in younger age group were rated by experts as inadequate, versus 9.7% of the higher age group >30 years (p = 0.03. Conclusion There was a wide discrepancy between the graduates' self-assessment and experts' assessment, particularly in the level of inadequate performance. Graduates in general, and those of younger age groups in particular, tend to overestimate their clinical skills and competency.

Abadel Fatima Taleb

2013-02-01

151

Federal Statistical Office of Germany  

Science.gov (United States)

With over 2,800 employees, the Federal Statistical Office of Germany collects and processes statistical information for the country out of their three main offices in Weisbaden, Bonn, and Berlin. From their home page, individuals can access dozens of summary statistical tables dealing with almost every aspect of the country, including employment rates, education, environment, transport, foreign trade, wages, tourism, and population. Within each section, individuals can read a brief introduction to the Office's most recent findings in each thematic area and, in many instances, access detailed tables of data, where statistics are broken down by month. The Federal Statistical Office also conducts a microcensus every year, which involves one percent of all households in Germany. Information about this microcensus is available on the site. Most of the site is available in English, but the publications of the Office are only available in German. This site will be quite helpful to those persons working in demography, or for those looking for general data about Germany.

2003-01-01

152

"Our federalism" moves indoors.  

Science.gov (United States)

A great deal of the US Supreme Court's federalism jurisprudence over the past two decades has focused on the outer limits of federal power, suggesting a mutually exclusive division of jurisdiction between the states and the federal government, where subjects are regulated by one sovereign or the other but not both. This is not an accurate picture of American governance as it has operated over the past half century - most important areas of American life are regulated concurrently by both the federal government and the states. The Supreme Court's June 2012 decision clearing the way for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) to move forward thus should not be regarded as an affront to state sovereignty but as a realistic embrace of state power in its active, modern form. The PPACA is infused with multiple major roles for the states, and as the statute goes into operation over the next few years, states retain, and are already exercising, substantial policy discretion. PMID:23262774

Ruger, Theodore W

2013-04-01

153

Federal Reserve Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The Federal Reserve is the central bank of the United States, and there are twelve Federal Reserve districts that range from Hawaii to Maine. This website was created by the Federal Reserve to provide high-quality educational resources about economics, personal finance, public policy and other subjects to students and the general public. First-time visitors can peruse some of the videos on the homepage, find their Reserve district via an interactive map, and also learn about the history of colonial money. Educators can use the Find Resources area to look for items of note, and they can search by keyword, title, grade, topic, or document type. Some of the most compelling material can be found in the Games & Simulations area. Here visitors will find an economic literacy test and a fun game called "Show Business: The Economics of Entertainment." The site is rounded out by the Public Resources area, which includes links to material on public tours, economic indicators and other materials on the day-to-day activities of the Federal Reserve.

2012-06-08

154

75 FR 39937 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension...SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part...collection burden for small business concerns with fewer...and to the Federal Communications Commission via email...initial rate for the basic service tier or...

2010-07-13

155

23 CFR 505.13 - Federal Government's share of project cost.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Federal Government's share of project cost. 505.13 Section...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT PROJECTS OF NATIONAL AND REGIONAL SIGNIFICANCE EVALUATION AND RATING §...

2010-04-01

156

Modeling Graduate Emigration in Nigeria Using Log-linear Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research work was carried out as a result of the alarming rate at which graduates in Nigeria, which should form the bulk of our nation's workforce and ensure the growth and development of our great nation, leave our shores in search of greener pastures. The main focus of this research work is to develop models that can be used to study the trend of graduate emigration in Nigeria using log-linear modeling based on the results from of likelihood ratio (G2, Akaike Information Criteria (AIC , Saturated model has a perfect fit for modeling graduate emigration in Nigeria. This implies all the three factors involved (discipline, year and sex has to be included in the model in order to have an appropriate result.

O.S. Balogun

2014-12-01

157

The Federal Air Pollution Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Described is the Federal air pollution program as it was in 1967. The booklet is divided into these major topics: History of the Federal Program; Research; Assistance to State and Local Governments; Abatement and Prevention of Air Pollution; Control of Motor Vehicle Pollution; Information and Education; and Conclusion. Federal legislation has…

National Air Pollution Control Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.

158

Changes and Challenges in Rural Graduate Medical Education: The Family Medicine Spokane Rural Training Track Experience in Colville, Wash.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rural community-based graduate medical education programs in family practice generate highly trained physicians who typically settle and practice in rural communities. In response to federal funding cutbacks and revised accreditation requirements that threatened its program, the Colville, Washington, Mount Carmel Hospital agreed to fully fund its…

Maudlin, Robert K.; Newkirk, Gary R.; Snook, Michael D.; Cooper, Gloria

2000-01-01

159

The Civic Federation  

Science.gov (United States)

Established in 1894, the Civic Federation is a non-partisan government research organization "working to maximize the quality and cost-effectiveness of government services in the Chicago region and the State of Illinois." On this site, visitors can learn about the Federation's research programs, the Institute for Illinois' Fiscal Sustainability (IIFS), and updates on Chicagoland governance. The section dedicated to the IIFS is most useful, as it contains research reports on the state of Illinois' budget, infrastructure, and related matters. In the Press Room, visitors can take advantage of basic primers and fact sheets which include "Cook County Property Tax Primers" and "How Does the City of Chicago Spend Your Tax Dollars?" The Library area contains all published reports dating back to 1993. Visitors can search through these offerings by Issues, Government, and Report Type.

160

Federalism and bioethics.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract The absence of comprehensive federal oversight of human biotechnologies in the United States continues to stimulate academic discourse on the relative merits of European-style regulatory agencies as compared to the current, decentralized approach. Many American bioethicists support the latter, maintaining that the key features of federalism-policy experimentation and moral pluralism-allows for the efficient regulation of these complex and contentious issues. This paper examines state-level regulation of oocyte donation to assess claims regarding the superiority of this decentralized regulatory approach. Further, this paper introduces an additional element to this examination of state law, which concerns the degree to which the health and safety of key participants is addressed at the state level. This inquiry assesses one facet of fertility medicine and biomedical research law, oocyte donation, an analysis that can be used to inform the broader discourse regarding the regulation of human biotechnologies and bioethical issues by the states. PMID:25514525

Von Hagel, Alisa

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Federalizmi Anlamak Understanding Federalism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Although federalism had long been a neglected phonemenon inTurkey, it came to the forefront after 1940s from time to time along withthe changes experienced in the world and Turkey and it has beenproposed as a solution to existing problems. Despite its nature as ameasn to solve problems, it has remained in silence within the contextof Turkish thought. All that has existed on this issue does not exceed afew words and articles. In other words, the knowledge of federalism inTurkey is so limited.However, in Europe and especially in the US. research onfederalism has been carried out continuously and some relatedinstitutions have been established on this subject. Especially in the US.the question of whether a federal world may be established lies behindthe mental background of the studies. A truer reading of this questionleads to an understanding of whether the world may be Americanized.The process called globalization reminds one of the same meaning. Infact, federal system as a American Project is tried to be established intothe attention of the world public. With all developments, Turkey with isclose geography in the process and with its face to the western world asan ally of the US. is not to fall out of the process and is at least tounderstand federalism within the framework as the continuity ofintegration and as the solution to problems. This study is intended tocontribute to a beter understanding of federalism. Federalizm Türkiye’de uzun bir süre aforoz edilmi? bir fenomen olmakla beraber 1940’lar sonras?nda dünyada ve Türkiye’de ya?anan de?i?imle beraber zaman zaman gündeme gelmi? ve hatta mevcut sorunlar?n çözümü olarak sunulmu?tur. Türkiye’de federalizm bir çözüm arac? olarak sunulmas?na ra?men ne yaz?k ki hakk?nda Türk dü?ünce dünyas? bir nevi suskunluk içerisinde kalm??t?r. Bu konuda yaz?lanlar?n toplam? birkaç kitap ve birkaç makaleyi geçmemektedir. Bir ba?ka ifadeyle Türkiye’deki mevcut bilgi piyasas? federalizm ile ilgili olmak kayd?yla büyük bir fakirlik içerisindedir.Oysaki Avrupa ve bilhassa Amerika’da federalizm konusunda sürekli ara?t?rmalar yap?lmakta ve hatta bu konu ile ilgili enstitüler kurulmaktad?r. Bilhassa Amerika’da yap?lan çal??malar?n zihni arka plan?nda federal bir dünyan?n kurulup kurulamayaca?? sorusu yatmaktad?r. Bu soruyu daha do?rudan okursak dünyan?n Amerikal?la?t?r?lmas?n?n mümkün olup olamayaca??n?n cevap arand??? net bir ?ekilde görülebilecektir. Ad?na küreselle?me ya da globalle?me denilen bu yeni süreçte asl?nda anlam olarak hemen hemen ayn? ?eyi ça?r??t?rmaktad?r. Yani bir Amerikan projeksiyonu olarak federal sistem dünya gündemine oturtulmaya çal???lmaktad?r. Bu geli?meler kar??s?nda sürecin kenar?na merkezi bir co?rafî konuma sahip olan, yönü Bat?’ya çevrili ve Amerika’n?n stratejik müttefiki olan Türkiye’nin de sürecin d???na dü?memesi ve potsmodern dünya ile entegrasyonunun devam? ve mevcut sorunlar?n?n çözümü ba?lam?nda federalizmi en az?ndan anlamak durumunda oldu?u aç?kt?r. ??te bu çal??man?n maksad? mümkün mertebe federalizmi anla??l?r k?l?nmakt?r.

Yavuz ÖZDEM?R

2013-09-01

162

Pathways to excellence: A Federal strategy for science, mathematics, engineering, and technology education  

Science.gov (United States)

This Strategic Plan was developed by the Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology (FCCSET) through its Committee on Education and Human Resources (CEHR), with representatives from 16 Federal agencies. Based on two years of coordinated interagency effort, the Plan confirms the Federal Government's commitment to ensuring the health and well-being of science, mathematics, engineering, and technology education at all levels and in all sectors (i.e., elementary and secondary, undergraduate, graduate, public understanding of science, and technology education). The Plan represents the Federal Government's efforts to develop a five-year planning framework and associated milestones that focus Federal planning and the resources of the participating agencies toward achieving the requisite or expected level of mathematics and science competence by all students. The priority framework outlines the strategic objectives, implementation priorities, and components for the Strategic Plan and serves as a road map for the Plan. The Plan endorses a broad range of ongoing activities, including continued Federal support for graduate education as the backbone of our country's research and development enterprise. The Plan also identifies three tiers of program activities with goals that address issues in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology education meriting special attention. Within each tier, individual agency programs play important and often unique roles that strengthen the aggregate portfolio. The three tiers are presented in descending order of priority: (1) reforming the formal education system; (2) expanding participation and access; and (3) enabling activities.

163

Fiscal Federalism and Demography  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper examines the effects of demographic change on federal, state and local governments in Germany with a focus on the expenditure side to answer the question, whether demographic change will induce vertical fiscal expenditure imbalances. We present estimates of the impact of demographic change on public spending based on a decomposition of expenditures into almost 30 categories (functions). Our results suggest that demographic change will indeed result in significant vertical expenditur...

Seitz, Helmut; Kempkes, Gerhard

2005-01-01

164

High energy physicists and graduate students: 1981 census  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This listing of physicists and students associated with the US high energy physics program has been compiled in the Division of High Energy Physics of the Office of Energy Research of the US Department of Energy. This listing has been obtained by asking the research groups, laboratories, and other agencies involved to update previous information. This volume is in two parts. The first part is an alphabetical listing and includes only the name, rank, and institution of high energy physicists and graduate students. The second part of the volume is arranged by institution. Within each institution, the faculty (or permanent staff) and the graduate students are presented in separate alphabetical lists. For each person the entry indicates their birthdate, the year and institution of their highest degree, their rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and their sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is also indicated an estimated date for their degree. Where appropriate, a person is listed at more than one institution. Except as noted in the headings, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1981

165

Redefining Student Success: Applying Different Multinomial Regression Techniques for the Study of Student Graduation across Institutions of Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Current definitions of retention and graduation rates distort the picture of student success by limiting it to completion of a degree at the institution of entry. By incorporating data from the National Student Clearinghouse (NSC), a clearer picture emerges. The NSC data captures retention and graduation at both entry and transfer institutions. To…

Jones-White, Daniel R.; Radcliffe, Peter M.; Huesman, Ronald L., Jr.; Kellogg, John P.

2010-01-01

166

38 CFR 21.4273 - Collegiate graduate.  

Science.gov (United States)

...REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Administration of...Assessment and Pursuit of Courses § 21.4273 Collegiate...graduate or advanced professional course (other than a law...graduate or advanced professional course, including...

2010-07-01

167

76 FR 22392 - Freepoint Commodities LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing Includes...  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory...Freepoint Commodities LLC; Supplemental...That Initial Market-Based Rate...of Freepoint Commodities LLC's application for market-based rate...the Federal Energy...

2011-04-21

168

Enhancing Overseas Chinese Graduate Employability: The Case of Chinese Graduates with Finnish Academic Qualifications  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores ways to enhance overseas Chinese graduate employability by taking Finnish-educated Chinese students/graduates as an example. In so doing, it understands that graduate employability development is a joint effort of multiple stakeholders including students, graduates, academics, program coordinators, employers, and policymakers.…

Cai, Yuzhuo

2014-01-01

169

The technical modernization of the area dose-rate measuring network of the German Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS); Die technische Modernisierung des Ortsdosisleistung-Messnetzes des BfS  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the past ten years the German gamma dose rate network operated by BfS has been modernized significantly. The main element of this process was the development of a linux based data logger. Designed in-house, this device allows IP based data transfer as well as the interfacing of multiple probes, simultaneously. In addition spectroscopic detectors using the new digital multi channel analyzer are supported which provide nuclide specific information already during the passage of a radioactive plume. To improve the procedures of quality assurance and the inter-comparison of probes on an international scale, the inter-calibration facility operated by BfS at the Schauinsland was modernized in the last year. (orig.)

Bleher, M. [Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz (BfS), Neuherberg (Germany). Messnetzknoten; Harms, W. [Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz (BfS), Freiburg (Germany); Luff, R. [Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz (BfS), Rendsburg (Germany). Messnetzknoten; Stoehlker, U. [Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz (BfS), Salzgitter (Germany)

2008-07-01

170

Global Graduates: Future Vision--A Young Graduates Programme.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes Young Graduates, a program designed to enable academically gifted pupils get the best from their formal education and secure the best place available in higher education to support their career aspirations. The program provides intensive Saturday workshops followed by ongoing networking activities and contact with the…

Beckles, Yolande

2003-01-01

171

The competence-oriented approach to the planning of graduates' information training in educational institutions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The author proposes the approach to the planning of graduates' information training in educational institutions in the frame of informational and communicational technologies. The author views the method of formation and classification of competencies, based on the Federal State Educational Standart "Professional Training". The author gives the algorithm for scheduling the information training process for students with various levels of basic education.

Sergei Bogatenkov

2013-05-01

172

An Xrootd Italian Federation  

Science.gov (United States)

The Italian community in CMS has built a geographically distributed network in which all the data stored in the Italian region are available to all the users for their everyday work. This activity involves at different level all the CMS centers: the Tier1 at CNAF, all the four Tier2s (Bari, Rome, Legnaro and Pisa), and few Tier3s (Trieste, Perugia, Torino, Catania, Napoli, ...). The federation uses the new network connections as provided by GARR, our NREN (National Research and Education Network), which provides a minimum of 10 Gbit/s to all the sites via the GARR-X[2] project. The federation is currently based on Xrootd[1] technology, and on a Redirector aimed to seamlessly connect all the sites, giving the logical view of a single entity. A special configuration has been put in place for the Tier1, CNAF, where ad-hoc Xrootd changes have been implemented in order to protect the tape system from excessive stress, by not allowing WAN connections to access tape only files, on a file-by-file basis. In order to improve the overall performance while reading files, both in terms of bandwidth and latency, a hierarchy of xrootd redirectors has been implemented. The solution implemented provides a dedicated Redirector where all the INFN sites are registered, without considering their status (T1, T2, or T3 sites). An interesting use case were able to cover via the federation are disk-less Tier3s. The caching solution allows to operate a local storage with minimal human intervention: transfers are automatically done on a single file basis, and the cache is maintained operational by automatic removal of old files.

Boccali, T.; Donvito, G.; Diacono, D.; Marzulli, G.; Pompili, A.; Della Ricca, G.; Mazzoni, E.; Argiro, S.; Gregori, D.; Grandi, C.; Bonacorsi, D.; Lista, L.; Fabozzi, F.; Barone, L. M.; Santocchia, A.; Riahi, H.; Tricomi, A.; Sgaravatto, M.; Maron, G.

2014-06-01

173

CRitical Issue Bibliography (CRIB) Sheet: Graduate Fellowships.  

Science.gov (United States)

This CRitical Issue Bibliography (CRIB) Sheet contains selected citations for research related to graduate fellowships and a listing of some of the many tools available to aid students in identifying and applying for graduate fellowships. The citations are grouped into these categories: (1) History of Fellowships; (2) Research on Graduate

ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.

174

Educational Embodiment within an Online Graduate Program  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper outlines a symposium that brings together professors and graduate students from the University of Alberta to address the implications of site visitations on a graduate e-learning program within the Faculty of Education. The Master of Education in Educational Studies program is designed for the alternate, flexible delivery of graduate

Parsons, Jim; Kieser, Doris; McRae, Phil; Doherty, Maryanne

2007-01-01

175

A graduate course in probability  

CERN Document Server

Suitable for a graduate course in analytic probability, this text requires only a limited background in real analysis. Topics include probability spaces and distributions, stochastic independence, basic limiting options, strong limit theorems for independent random variables, central limit theorem, conditional expectation and Martingale theory, and an introduction to stochastic processes.

Tucker, Howard G

2013-01-01

176

Graduation 2010: Third Year Implementation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The third-year implementation of Graduation 2010, a districtwide public-school initiative, had its beginnings in brain-based research and involvement from both school and community. The original plan for the program had eight strands: Arts, Music, Foreign Language, Reading/Language Development, Thinking Skills, Health/Emotional Health, Family…

O'Phelan, Mary H.; Norman, Antony D.; Ecton, Gayle W.

177

Graduation 2010: Second Year Implementation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The second-year implementation of Graduation 2010, a districtwide public-school initiative, had its beginnings in brain-based research and involvement from both school and community. The original plan for the program had eight strands: (1) Arts; (2) Music; (3) Foreign Language; (4) Reading/Language Development; (5) Thinking Skills; (6)…

O'Phelan, Mary H.; Norman, Antony D.; Ecton, Gayle W.

178

Factors Influencing Graduation Rates at Mississippi's Public Universities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined the relationship between five independent variables (gender, race, ACT Composite Score, high school GPA, and Pell Grant status) and one dichotomous dependent variable (baccalaureate degree completion) at public colleges/universities in Mississippi. Found that high school GPA was generally the strongest predictor of degree completion,…

Smith, William R.; Edminster, Julie Horine; Sullivan, Kathleen M.

2001-01-01

179

NDA National Graduate Programme 'nucleargraduates'  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this paper is to outline the NDA National Graduate Programme (nuclear graduates). The NDA has a remit under the Energy Act (2004) 'to maintain and develop the skills for decommissioning and nuclear clean-up'. Although current research is now being reviewed, there is significant evidence to suggest that the age profile in the Site Licence Companies is skewed towards older workers and there is likely to be a skill shortage in 3-5 years. As nuclear clean-up is a national issue; skill shortages also become a national issue in a very real sense. In addition, evidence suggests that the industry needs to be constantly challenged in order to achieve its targets for decommissioning. The NDA has a unique position under the Act. It is both a strategic overseer and direct employer. To this end the 'National Graduate Programme' is aligned to both the NDA's previous succession plans and the needs of the industry. Industry needs leadership that challenges the status quo and moves the UK nuclear industry to become best in class; Industry needs a dedicated to programme to address skills shortages and difficult to recruit areas such as, but not exclusively, estimators, schedulers, contract managers, site engineers, decommissioning technicians, safety monitors; The NDA has indicated a 'commercial and politically savvy' cohort is required to meet its own internal challenges and to ensure sustainability in its own workforce, and to be sensitive to the needs of customers and supensitive to the needs of customers and suppliers alike; Need to create a more diversified workforce in the nuclear industry and also plan for new skills evolving from research and development breakthroughs; Need to ensure that Tier 1, 2, 3 and 4 contractors invest in the leadership and skills for the future. World Class - delivery will be benchmarked against UK based multinational companies who operate in a global graduate attraction and development marketplace. The graduates targeted will be from leading institutions and will have a blend of leading technical proficiency mixed with indications of 'high performer' potential. Professional - Throughout the programme the graduates will be working towards achieving professional qualifications though the relevant 'Institute' for their discipline, such as the IMECHE. The training and experience gained from the scheme is programmed around a syllabus of work and courses, which will be accredited retrospectively by the 'Institutes'. The two year 'initial professional development' programme whilst the graduate is with the NDA is then fitted into a further two years with stakeholders for their first 'substantive role'. Whilst there is no monetary contribution from the stakeholders there is a significant resource support from the programme stakeholders. They will provide a sophisticated matrix of support in attraction and assessment support, professional development, mentoring, training and scheme evaluation. The programme will be using cutting edge marketing, assessment, recruitment and training tools. It will also deliver a pioneering socio economic programme that will combine professional training with cultural and behavioural insight work. The aims of the programme are aligned with the NDA succession plan and Skills Strategy Document. The graduate profile by the end of the two year programme is 'mobile, professional, aware and ambitious.' The Programme is driven by a group comprising of companies across the industry including the NDA, SLC's, defence operators, operational power station organisations, regulators and the supply chain. Uniquely, the programme offers no 'specific job' with the NDA after the two year programme is completed. The programme will be integrated into the existing partners' schemes to ensure smooth progression. The Graduate's progress after 2 years will be facilitated by a careers service and formal rules governing the behaviour of partners. The first cohort targeted graduates from the following disciplines areas: Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Finance, Procurement an

180

The migration of university graduates : a comparative analysis of capital and peripheral regions  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Several studies have documented that highly educated citizens contribute to regional economic performance (Moretti, 2013; Faggian and McCann,2009b; Sterlacchini 2008). Moreover, Åstebro et al. (2012) emphasize the importance of promoting start-up by recent university graduates. Thus, the retention of university graduates is an important issue for regional policy makers. The present paper analyzes the migration patterns of university graduates from two very different regions in Denmark: the Greater Capital region around Copenhagen and the peripheral region of North Denmark. Studies of the migration of university graduates have been carried out in several countries. These studies are typically based on extensive surveys among recent graduates. The present analysis differs from such studies through its application of register data for all individuals and companies in Denmark, which allows us to identify the place of residence and employment of all university graduates over time. The analysis focuses on people who have graduated from a university in the Greater Capital region around Copenhagen or in the North Denmark peripheral region during the period 2000-2010. We study migration when enrolling in university as well as migration after graduation using the terminology of Faggian and McCann (2009a). Graduates’ migration is mainly studied in relation to first employment. The analysis also includes the migration of university graduates who become entrepreneurs. The different migration patterns are combined with measures of performance for wage-earners, expressed as level and growth rate of hourly wages, and for entrepreneurs, expressed as firm survival and growth in sales and employees.

Drejer, Ina; Holm, Jacob Rubæk

 
 
 
 
181

Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is mandated by Congress to be the agency that collects, analyzes, and disseminates impartial, comprehensive data about energy including the volume consumed, its customers, and the purposes for which it is used. The Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey (FBSS) was conducted by EIA in conjunction with DOE`s Office of Federal Energy Management Programs (OFEMP) to gain a better understanding of how Federal buildings use energy. This report presents the data from 881 completed telephone interviews with Federal buildings in three Federal regions. These buildings were systematically selected using OFEMP`s specifications; therefore, these data do not statistically represent all Federal buildings in the country. The purpose of the FBSS was threefold: (1) to understand the characteristics of Federal buildings and their energy use; (2) to provide a baseline in these three Federal regions to measure future energy use in Federal buildings as required in EPACT; and (3) to compare building characteristics and energy use with the data collected in the CBECS.

NONE

1995-11-01

182

The Transition from Undergraduate to Graduate Student  

Science.gov (United States)

Graduate school is a new and different endeavor when compared to undergraduate studies. The differences primarily lie in the fact that the graduate student will have an independent research project that he or she is responsible for. Beginning graduate school can be a challenge since there is a lot to learn about research, there are courses to take, and the social aspect of graduate school can be very different. Two major things that tend to make graduate school difficult for some is the often unstructured environment and the absence of direction on how you should allocate your time. There is really no formula for graduate school success, and the advice given in this chapter is from my own and other current graduate students' experiences, so choosing what you think will work for you is most important.

Ryan, Kelsey

183

Report on Estimated College Continuation Rates for Nebraska Counties for the High School Class of 2005-06. Revised  

Science.gov (United States)

This report provides an estimate of college going rates by county for all 93 Nebraska counties for the high school graduating class of 2005-2006. Included are graduates of both public and private high schools. The report provides best-available data on graduates who attended Nebraska institutions (including public, independent, and for the first…

Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary Education, 2007

2007-01-01

184

Pushed Out or Pulled Up? Exit Exams and Dropout Rates in Public High Schools. Education Working Paper 5  

Science.gov (United States)

To ensure that students who receive high school diplomas meet basic thresholds of academic proficiency and job readiness, 24 states have adopted exit exams that students must pass to graduate. Opponents of these exams complain that they drive already-low graduation rates downward. They argue that raising the bar for graduation forces many…

Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A.

2004-01-01

185

Canopy In The Clouds: Achieving Broader Impacts in Graduate Student Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Federal science funding agencies are mandating that broader impacts associated with grant making are implemented because of the critical need to enhance scientific literacy and public perception of the roles science plays in society. As emphasis on broader impacts increases, scientists at all levels will need to incorporate explicit education and outreach activities into their programs. This will include a need to train and facilitate graduate student participation in outreach. For instance, the NSF includes broader impact statements in both their graduate research fellowship program and in their doctoral dissertation improvement grants. Here we present a collaborative science educational multimedia project initiated by a graduate student. Canopy In The Clouds uses interactive and immersive media designed around a tropical montane cloud forest as a platform for K-12 earth and life science education. Presented free of cost via the web in English and Spanish, Canopy In The Clouds has resources for students, educators and the general public. This includes a growing body of lesson plans standardized to current National Science Education Standards. We discuss the opportunities, challenges, and rewards associated with balancing research and outreach, interdisciplinary collaboration, and obtaining funding as a graduate student for such an effort. Finally, we consider how graduate student programs in the sciences can consider formalizing training in broader impacts and outreach. Canopy In The Clouds provides an example of effective science outreach, as well as a template for considering future best practices.

Goldsmith, G. R.; Fulton, A. D.; Witherill, C. D.; Dukeshire, E. E.; Dawson, T. E.

2010-12-01

186

Federal, State, and Local regulations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This article is a review of federal, state, and local regulations pertinent treatment of leachate from hazardous materials landfills in California. The topics covered include under federal regulations: pretreatment, whole-effluent toxicity, hazardous waste regulation; under state regulations: hazardous waste regulations, air toxics, environmental quality act; under local regulations: local limits, toxicity-regional water quality board, air emissions and district code

187

Federal Laboratory Consortium Resource Directory.  

Science.gov (United States)

Designed to bridge the communication gap between the Federal Laboratory Consortium (FLC) and public and private sectors of the country, this directory has been prepared as a compilation of scientific and technical research and development activities at federal laboratories, which are directing technology transfer efforts toward increasing the use…

Federal Laboratory Consortium, Washington, DC.

188

Grade Inflation Rates among Different Ability Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study compares grade inflation rates among different ability students at a large, open admissions public University. Specifically, this study compares trends in graduating grade point average (GPA from 1983 to 1996 across low, typical and higher ability students. This study also tests other explanations for increases in graduating GPA. These other explanations are changes in 1 ACT score 2 gender 3 college major and 4 vocational programs. With these other explanations considered, regression results still report an inflationary trend in graduating GPA. Time, as measured by college entry year, is still a significant positive predictor of GPA. More directly, comparisons of regression coefficients reveal lower ability students as experiencing the highest rate of grade increase. Higher grade inflation rates among low aptitude students suggest that faculty might be using grades to encourage learning among marginal students.

Stephanie Mc Spirit

1999-09-01

189

Russian Federation. Health system review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The HiT reviews are country-based reports that provide a detailed description of a health system and of policy initiatives in progress or under development. HiTs examine different approaches to the organization, financing and delivery of health services and the role of the main actors in health systems; describe the institutional framework, process, content and implementation of health and health care policies; and highlight challenges and areas that require more in-depth analysis. At independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, the Russian health system inherited an extensive, centralized Semashko system, but was quick to reform health financing by adopting a mandatory health insurance (MHI) model in 1993. MHI was introduced in order to open up an earmarked stream of funding for health care in the face of severe fiscal constraints. While the health system has evolved and changed significantly since the early 1990 s, the legacy of having been a highly centralized system focused on universal access to basic care remains. High energy prices on world markets have ensured greater macroeconomic stability, a budget surplus and improvements in living standards for most of the Russian population. However, despite an overall reduction in the poverty rate, there is a marked urban rural split and rural populations have worse health and poorer access to health services than urban populations. The increase in budgetary resources available to policy-makers have led to a number of recent federal-level health programmes that have focused on the delivery of services and increasing funding for priority areas including primary care provision in rural areas. Nevertheless, public health spending in the Russian Federation remains relatively low given the resources available. However, it is also clear that, even with the current level of financing, the performance of the health system could be improved. Provider payment mechanisms are the main obstacle to improving technical efficiency in the Russian health system, as most budget funding channelled through local government is input based. For this reason, the most recent reforms as well as legislation in the pipeline seek to ensure all health care funding is channelled through a strengthened MHI system with contracts for provider payments being made using output-based measures. PMID:22455875

Popovich, Larisa; Potapchik, Elena; Shishkin, Sergey; Richardson, Erica; Vacroux, Alexandra; Mathivet, Benoit

2011-01-01

190

Admission conditions and graduates' employability  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We evaluate the information content of admission conditions for study programs’ quality by investigating its relationship with graduates’ employability. We find that study programs with larger numeri clausi are associated with a higher probability of finding a job. Additionally, compulsory admission exams seem to be informative about study programs’ quality. Namely, study programs requiring the Math exam appear to be linked with lower unemployment propensity. Cardoso et al. (2008), howe...

Alexandre, Fernando; Portela, Miguel; Sa?, Carla

2008-01-01

191

23 CFR 450.218 - Self-certifications, Federal findings, and Federal approvals.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Self-certifications, Federal findings, and Federal approvals. 450.218 Section 450.218 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION...Statewide Transportation Planning and Programming § 450.218 Self-certifications, Federal findings,...

2010-04-01

192

Plant Breeding Graduate Student Community  

Science.gov (United States)

Growing the FutureWith the loss of plant breeding positions in the public sector, there has been a loss of the infrastructure that supports plant breeding training, including a reduction in professors with plant breeding expertise, a critical mass of students often too low to provide a stimulating learning environment, and the inability to offer courses with sufficient audience. Although studies support the positive impact of a strong community on learning, currently, students are often trained in isolation.  The PBTN has been established to mitigate isolation barriers that currently limit plant breeding education at most institutions and in most plant breeding work places around the world.  PBTN supports online course sharing (See list of courses).  The PBTN online graduate student community  is a place for students around the world to make contact with other plant breeding students, providing an opportunity  to exchange ideas, develop interpersonal skills (such as communication and collaboration) and build a plant breeding student community.If you have questions about the community, graduate work in plant breeding, or career oportunities, please contact us. Jamie ShermanDirector-TCAP graduate community and PBTNjsherman@montana.edu Mary BrakkeDirector-TCAP undergraduate communitybrakk001@umn.edu Deana Namuth-CovertDirector-Plant Breeding Training Network (PBTN)dcovert2@unl.edu  This community is funded by the Triticeae CAP project. 

193

The transition into veterinary practice: Opinions of recent graduates and final year students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The transition from veterinary student to member of the veterinary profession is known to be challenging. This study aimed to determine and compare the opinions of final year veterinary students and recent graduates on graduate attributes that ease this transition. Methods The study was carried out across 3 veterinary schools in the United Kingdom. Paper based or electronic surveys were used. Final year students in the 3 schools were surveyed either electronically (school A or on paper (schools B and C. Student cohort sizes were 112, 227 and 102 respectively. Recent graduates were contacted either at a reunion event (school A or electronically from database records (school B and school C. Cohort sizes of contacted graduates were 80, 175 and 91 respectively. Respondents were asked to rate 42 individual attributes on a 5 point Likert scale. Focus groups with final year students and recent graduates and telephone interviews with recent graduates were carried out. Data were analysed by two researchers through a combination of manual coding and thematic analysis. Data were grouped into broad themes then sorted into narrower themes. Data were then searched for counter examples. Results Response rates for final year students were 34% (school A, 36% (school B and 40% (school C. Response rates for recent graduates were 56% (school A, 20% (school B and 11% (school C. There was a high level of agreement between the cohorts with respect to communication skills, problem solving and decision making skills, recognition of own limitations and the ability to cope with pressure all rated unanimously important or very important. Business acumen, knowledge of veterinary practice management and research skills were the 3 attributes ranked at the bottom of the list. Nine attributes were identified with a significantly different (p Conclusions Recent graduates and final year students rate highly the attributes which help foster the client/veterinarian relationship. Recent graduates reflect that a focus on knowledge based attributes is less important once in practice when compared to final year. The study confirms the importance to recent graduates and final year students of attributes considered as non-technical in the transition to working in the veterinary profession.

Hudson Neil PH

2011-09-01

194

71 FR 7765 - Integrated System Power Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

...Discretionary Purchased Power Adder Adjustment, to adjust the purchased power adder annually, of...Federal Regulations, ``Procedures for Public Participation in Power and Transmission Rate...Organization Act, Public Law 95-91, the...

2006-02-14

195

1 CFR 11.2 - Federal Register.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Federal Register. 11.2 Section 11.2 General Provisions... ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER AVAILABILITY OF OFFICE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PUBLICATIONS SUBSCRIPTIONS §...

2010-01-01

196

1 CFR 12.1 - Federal Register.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Federal Register. 12.1 Section 12.1 General Provisions... ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER AVAILABILITY OF OFFICE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PUBLICATIONS OFFICIAL DISTRIBUTION...

2010-01-01

197

Factors affecting the career path choices of graduates at the Western College of Veterinary Medicine  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to describe the demographics of the Class of 2006, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, and to determine which factors influenced the graduates’ career path choices. Data were collected via an on-line survey and the response rate was 95.7% (67/70). The majority (57%) of graduates were starting their veterinary career in a food animal-related (FAR) job. Two factors were significantly associated with this choice: 1) those raised in, or near, a small center (population 10 000), and 2) graduates with a bachelor of science in agriculture (BSc Ag) were 4.5 times (P = 0.04) more likely to begin their career as a FAR practitioner than were those without such a degree. However, 9 of the 16 graduates having a BSc Ag had an urban upbringing. PMID:18309746

Jelinski, Murray D.; Campbell, John R.; Naylor, Jonathan M.; Lawson, Karen L.; Derkzen, Dena

2008-01-01

198

Health care reform and federalism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Health policy debates are replete with discussions of federalism, most often when advocates of reform put their hopes in states. But health policy literature is remarkably silent on the question of allocation of authority, rarely asking which levels of government ought to lead. We draw on the larger literatures about federalism, found mostly in political science and law, to develop a set of criteria for allocating health policy authority between states and the federal government. They are social justice, procedural democracy, compatibility with value pluralism, institutional capability, and economic sustainability. Of them, only procedural democracy and compatibility with value pluralism point to state leadership. In examining these criteria, we conclude that American policy debates often get federalism backward, putting the burden of health care coverage policy on states that cannot enact or sustain it, while increasing the federal role in issues where the arguments for state leadership are compelling. We suggest that the federal government should lead present and future financing of health care coverage, since it would require major changes in American intergovernmental relations to make innovative state health care financing sustainable outside a strong federal framework. PMID:20388867

Greer, Scott L; Jacobson, Peter D

2010-04-01

199

Addition by Subtraction: The Relation between Dropout Rates and School-Level Academic Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

Background/Context: Efforts to improve student achievement should increase graduation rates. However, work investigating the effects of student-level accountability has consistently demonstrated that increases in the standards for high school graduation are correlated with increases in dropout rates. The most favored explanation for this finding…

Glennie, Elizabeth; Bonneau, Kara; vanDellen, Michelle; Dodge, Kenneth A.

2012-01-01

200

75 FR 16453 - Nasdaq OMX Commodities Clearing-Finance, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate...  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory...Nasdaq OMX Commodities Clearing...That Initial Market-Based Rate...Nasdaq OMX Commodities Clearing...application for market- based rate...the Federal Energy...

2010-04-01

 
 
 
 
201

75 FR 16452 - Nasdaq OMX Commodities Clearing-Delivery, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate...  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory...Nasdaq OMX Commodities Clearing...That Initial Market-Based Rate...Nasdaq OMX Commodities Clearing...application for market-based rate...the Federal Energy...

2010-04-01

202

76 FR 34227 - TrueLight Commodities, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing Includes...  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory...TrueLight Commodities, LLC; Supplemental...That Initial Market-Based Rate...of TrueLight Commodities, LLC's application for market-based rate...the Federal Energy...

2011-06-13

203

1993 Wholesale Power and Transmission Rate Schedules.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Bonneville Power Administration 1993 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions and 1993 Transmission Rate Schedules and General Transmission Rate Schedule Provisions, contained herein, were approved on an interim basis effective October 1, 1993. These rate schedules and provisions were approved by the Federal Energy Commission, United States Department of Energy, in September, 1993. These rate schedules and provisions supersede the Administration`s Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions and Transmission Rate Schedules and General Transmission Rate Schedule Provisions effective October 1, 1991.

US Bonneville Power Administration

1993-10-01

204

Polytechnic graduate placement in Finnish manufacturing  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper analyses polytechnic graduate placement in Finnish manufacturing. The paper uses a register-based data source covering white-collar manufacturing workers over the period 1995-2004. Taken together, the results show that wages and job classification are higher for polytechnic graduates, once other covariates are controlled for. Despite this, almost 20% of graduates from polytechnics have been forced to take a position in manufacturing in which they can be considered to be ‘overeduc...

Petri, Bo?ckerman

2006-01-01

205

Enhancing Departments and Graduate Education in Geography  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes the development, implementation, and preliminary outcomes of Enhancing Departments and Graduate Education (EDGE) in Geography, a multi-year project begun in 2005 to study the process of professional development in graduate geography in the U.S and sponsored by the National Science Foundation. As a research and action project responding to the needs of graduate geography programs, EDGE seeks to provide academic geographers with an empirical perspective of disciplinary as ...

Foote, Kenneth; Solem, Michael

2009-01-01

206

Graduate Students’ Views on Information Literacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to examine graduate students? views on information literacy with the aim of understanding their opinions and experience about some aspects of information literacy and its importance in academic work or research, and also to ascertain the sources of information graduate students use most. Mixed methods of both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used, combining online survey and face-to-face interviews to examine graduate students? views and experience...

Oware, Daniel Wilfred

2010-01-01

207

Practice Opportunities for Family Medicine Graduates  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper documents the career choices of a graduating class of family medicine residents at Queen's University. In the first post-graduation year, residents were evenly divided between those who undertook a third year of training and those who began practice. For those who began practice, a profile of their first year of experience demonstrates the excellent variety of opportunities awaiting family medicine graduates.

Walters, David J.

1980-01-01

208

Role Preparation of Associate Degree Graduates.  

Science.gov (United States)

The role of associate degree nursing (ADN) programs has changed dramatically in their 30 years of existence. The number of ADN graduates increased from 260 in 1954 to 36,434 in 1980, and 47.8% of all nursing graduates in 1980 came from ADN programs, as compared to 0.9% in 1954. These graduates have the best record of employment five years after…

Stokes, Lillian G.

209

Does university choice drive graduates’ employability?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Universities have come under increasing pressure to become key drivers of economic development in the age of the knowledge economy. Yet we know very little about the impact of university quality and scientific excellence on the probability of graduates finding jobs. This paper investigates the determinants of Italian graduates’ employability 1-year and 3-years after graduation, with special reference to university quality measured in terms of research performance. Our results confirm that t...

Ciriaci, Daria; Muscio, Alessandro

2010-01-01

210

The first house officer year: views of graduate and non-graduate entrants to medical school.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether graduate and non-graduate entrants to medical school differ in their views on the first year spent in medical practice as a pre-registration house officer. METHODS: We carried out postal questionnaire surveys of medical qualifiers of 1999, 2000 and 2002 from all UK medical schools, 1 year after qualification. The timing of the study slightly pre-dates the recent major expansion in graduate entry fast-track courses. RESULTS: Differences between graduate and non-...

Goldacre, Mj; Davidson, Jm; Lambert, Tw

2008-01-01

211

A língua inglesa e a formação de mestres e doutores na área da saúde / English proficiency and graduate studies in the health field in Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho investiga a língua inglesa como requisito na formação dos pós-graduandos da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, analisando os rendimentos acadêmicos no exame de proficiência e nas autoavaliações em relação à língua, bem como a importância que esses alunos atribuem ao inglês nessa fase d [...] e formação. Desenvolveu-se uma pesquisa exploratória com abordagens quanti e qualitativa, análise documental, questionários e entrevistas. Identificou-se que os pós-graduandos se autoavaliam como bons leitores, consideram imprescindível o domínio da língua inglesa em seu cotidiano profissional e reconhecem que a maioria das pesquisas na área da saúde é veiculada em inglês. Seus rendimentos no exame de proficiência mostram que, de cada quatro alunos, um é reprovado na primeira tentativa; falam e escrevem pouco, e a maioria necessita de outro profissional para elaboração do abstract. Consideram o domínio da língua inglesa fundamental para profissionais que buscam se destacar num mundo competitivo, mas a exigência formal na pós-graduação é considerada uma sobrecarga. Entendemos que o inglês não é a língua dominante para a maioria dos pesquisadores, o que ocasiona um dilema para leitores e autores que querem atrair o interesse para seu trabalho. Apesar de a língua inglesa ser reconhecida como a língua franca da ciência e mediar o atual processo de publicação científica, esta discussão tem sido crescente e polêmica. Abstract in english This article analyzes English proficiency as a requirement for graduate studies at the Federal University in São Paulo, Brazil, analyzing students' performance on the proficiency test and their self-assessment and the importance they ascribe to the language during this phase of their training. An ex [...] ploratory study was conducted with quantitative and qualitative approaches, document analysis, questionnaires, and interviews. Graduate students rated their own English reading skills as good. They considered a command of the language essential for their professional work and acknowledged that most research in the health field is published in English. One out of four students failed the proficiency test on the first attempt. Their speaking and writing skills were limited, and the majority needed another professional to prepare an abstract in English. They considered a command of English essential for professionals seeking to stand out in a competitive world, but viewed the formal English requirement for graduate studies as an overburden. English is not most researchers' first language, thus creating a dilemma for readers as well as authors who wish to attract attention to their work. Although English is acknowledged as the lingua franca of science and mediates the current scientific publication process, the issue has become increasingly controversial.

Sonia Regina Abdalla, Iglesias; Nildo Alves, Batista.

2010-03-01

212

Reviving manufacturing with a federal cogeneration policy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Improving the energy economics of manufacturing is essential to revitalizing the industrial base of advanced economies. This paper evaluates ex-ante a federal policy option aimed at promoting industrial cogeneration—the production of heat and electricity in a single energy-efficient process. Detailed analysis using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and spreadsheet calculations suggest that industrial cogeneration could meet 18% of U.S. electricity requirements by 2035, compared with its current 8.9% market share. Substituting less efficient utility-scale power plants with cogeneration systems would produce numerous economic and environmental benefits, but would also create an assortment of losers and winners. Multiple perspectives to benefit/cost analysis are therefore valuable. Our results indicate that the federal cogeneration policy would be highly favorable to manufacturers and the public sector, cutting energy bills, generating billions of dollars in electricity sales, making producers more competitive, and reducing pollution. Most traditional utilities, on the other hand, would lose revenues unless their rate recovery procedures are adjusted to prevent the loss of profits due to customer owned generation and the erosion of utility sales. From a public policy perspective, deadweight losses would be introduced by market-distorting federal incentives (ranging annually from $30 to $150 million), but these losses are much smaller than the estimated net soc much smaller than the estimated net social benefits of the federal cogeneration policy. - Highlights: ? Industrial cogeneration could meet 18% of US electricity demand by 2035, vs. 8.9% today. ? The policy would be highly favorable to manufacturers and the public. ? Traditional electric utilities would likely lose revenues. ? Deadweight loss would be introduced by tax incentives. ? The policy’s net social benefits would be much larger.

213

Stay Rates of Foreign Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities, 2007  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Study of the stay rate in the United States of foreign nationals receiving their S/E doctorates from U.S. universities. This study has estimated stay rates in 2007 for persons receiving a doctorate one, two, five, and ten years previously. The two-year stay rate (for 2005 graduates) recovered from the decline experienced earlier in the decade. The five-year stay rate (for 2002 graduates) is lower; the ten-year stay rate (for 1997 graduates) reached a new high.

Dr. Michael G. Finn

2010-01-04

214

Protecting the Federal Judicial System.  

Science.gov (United States)

Argues that all bills that would limit the power of the federal courts to consider or grant remedies in cases affecting the fundamental rights of citizens under the Constitution should be held violative of the Constitution. (Author/AM)

Brink, David R.

1982-01-01

215

Federalism in Pakistan, Current Developments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose of this study is to elaborate the political issues and challenges faces by the federation of Pakistan during and after the Gen. Pervez Musharraf government. In this paper effort is made to discuss those issues on the biases of which politics of federalism started in the country. Pinching problems that caused disintegration to Pakistan are also discussed. Those issues are also discussed in details which are a constant threat to the “new federation of Pakistan”. Authors also focus on the 2008 elections and its consequences on Pakistan politics. All the results of this research are proved via review of the previous literature. Researchers have proved that as Pakistan has a diversified culture so federalism is best suited for its political structure. Researchers have also discussed few suggestive solutions for better bureaucracy.

Razia Musarrat

2012-04-01

216

New Federalism: Back to Basics.  

Science.gov (United States)

The senator explains the basic concepts of New Federalism, including a rethinking of responsibilities and intergovernmental relations and a reconsideration of the role of state and local government. (SK)

Durenberger, Dave

1983-01-01

217

FY 1998 Federal Budget Publications  

Science.gov (United States)

The Office of Management and Budget offers several online publications concerning the proposed FY1998 budget, including Analytic Perspectives, a Citizen's Guide to the Federal Budget, and the full text of the 1998 Budget.

1997-01-01

218

34 CFR 668.74 - Employability of graduates.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employability of graduates. 668.74 ...Misrepresentation § 668.74 Employability of graduates. Misrepresentation by an institution regarding the employability of its graduates includes,...

2010-07-01

219

Graduate Teacher Training in the U.S.: Snapshots from the landscape  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los EE.UU no tienen una certificación federal en el nivel universitario que ordene una formación pedagógica para la enseñanza en los niveles de grado. Sin embargo, el ámbito de la Formación para los Graduate Assistant (asistentes de Grado está creciendo en los Estados Unidos y ha producido varios modelos que se ajustan a una variedad de contextos institucionales. Este texto analiza los modelos de formación en tres instituciones: la Universidad Estatal de Kennesaw, la Universidad Carnegie Mellon y la Universidad de Colorado-Boulder. A partir de estos modelos, extrapolamos los éxitos y los puntos comunes a algunas cuestiones no resueltas, que caracterizan el paisaje de EE.UU. ABSTRACT The U.S. does not have a federal certification for teaching at the university level mandating graduate-level training in pedagogy. Nevertheless, the field of Graduate Assistant Training is thriving in America and has produced several models that fit a variety of institutional contexts. This chapter reviews training models at 3 institutions: Kennesaw State University, Carnegie Mellon University, and University of Colorado–Boulder. From these models, we extrapolate common successes and point out some unresolved issues that characterize the U.S. landscape.

Michele DiPietro

2013-12-01

220

Monitoring of the xrootd federations  

CERN Document Server

Construction of the data federations and understanding the impact of the new approach to data management on user analysis requires complete and detailed monitoring. Monitoring functionality should cover the status of all components of the federated storage, measuring data traffic and data access performance, as well as being able to detect any kind of inefficiencies and to provide hints for resource optimization and effective data distribution policy. Data mining of the collected monito...

CERN. Geneva

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Manifold Learning by Graduated Optimization.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present an algorithm for manifold learning called manifold sculpting, which utilizes graduated optimization to seek an accurate manifold embedding. An empirical analysis across a wide range of manifold problems indicates that manifold sculpting yields more accurate results than a number of existing algorithms, including Isomap, locally linear embedding (LLE), Hessian LLE (HLLE), and landmark maximum variance unfolding (L-MVU), and is significantly more efficient than HLLE and L-MVU. Manifold sculpting also has the ability to benefit from prior knowledge about expected results. PMID:21622074

Gashler, Michael; Ventura, Dan; Martinez, Tony

2011-05-27

222

Fed Leaves Interest Rates Alone  

Science.gov (United States)

This week's In the News looks at the recent Federal Reserve Board decision to leave interest rates unchanged. The eight resources discussed provide background information on interest rates and inflation, Federal Reserve news, and current US economic data. With the stock market at record highs and global economic crises fading, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) showed increased concern about the risk of inflation this month at a May 18, 1999 meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC). Although committee members ultimately decided not to raise the rate at which banks lend to each other, they cited a "tight" domestic labor market and "ongoing strength in demand in excess of productivity gains" as possible reasons for future rate hikes. Wall Street reacted to the Fed news with a 100 point Dow Jones Industrial Average fall on May 18 but recovered by the end of the day down just 16.52, and many market watchers expressed optimism over the FOMC action. Irwin Kellner, chief economist at CBS.MarketWatch.com, for example, deemed the decision "great" and praised the Fed for a flexible policy that is not locked into a particular course of action should the economy change unexpectedly.

Waters, Megan.

223

Russian Federation country report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nuclear in the Russian Federation: 31 reactors at 10 nuclear power plants, 454 nuclear material storage facilities, 16475 sources of ionizing radiation, 1508 storage facilities for radioactive material and radioactive waste. Nuclear power: 10 nuclear power plants with total installed capacity of 23.242 GWe, Total nuclear electricity generation 160 bln kWh in 2007, Share of nuclear electricity in the overall electricity generation is 16%. Future of nuclear power: Nuclear power development program for the period from 2007 to 2020: Lifetime extension of existing units, Completion of construction of nuclear power units at existing sites (Rostov-2, Kalinin-4, Beloyarsk-4). Construction of new nuclear power plants near existing NPP (Novovoronezh NPP-2, Leningrad NPP-2, Kursk NPP-2,Kola NPP-2) and Construction of new nuclear power plants: (Nizhny Novgorod NPP, Tver NPP, Central NPP, South Urals NPP, Seversk NPP, Primorskaya NPP, 2 floating nuclear power plants at Severodvinsk and Pevek). Radioactive waste management: The Law on radioactive waste management will be introduced to State Duma in June 2008. The radioactive waste management strategy includes construction and reconstruction of: Storage facilities for some 120 thousand cubic meters, RW treatment complexes at nuclear fuel cycle enterprises, Storage facilities and RW treatment complexes at nuclear power plants, Storage facilities for RW coming from non-nuclear facilities for 140 thousand cubic meters, Decommissioning 40 thousand cubic meters, Decommissioning of 140 facilities, Decontamination of territories, buildings and constructions with the total area of 1658 thousand square meters. Development of competences: In 2006 about 313 thousand employees were working at nuclear industry (Top level managers - 0,6%, Intermediate level managers - 6,0%, Specialists - 31,6%, Workers - 62%). The demand of Rosatom State Corporation will be 7000 - 8000 persons annually of more then 140 professions, among them: 2800 persons with higher professional education, 2000 persons with specialized professional education, 2200 persons with elementary education. Total expenses for education and training will be about 600 million rubles (about 25 million dollars). WIN activities: There are about 400 female members of the Russian Nuclear Society (RNS), 35 of them are members of the North-West branch of the RNS. All events are held on behalf of the RNS

224

Russian Federation country report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Nuclear in the Russian Federation: 31 reactors at 10 nuclear power plants, 454 nuclear material storage facilities, 16475 sources of ionizing radiation, 1508 storage facilities for radioactive material and radioactive waste. Nuclear power: 10 nuclear power plants with total installed capacity of 23.242 GWe, Total nuclear electricity generation 160 bln kWh in 2007, Share of nuclear electricity in the overall electricity generation is 16%. Future of nuclear power: Nuclear power development program for the period from 2007 to 2020: Lifetime extension of existing units, Completion of construction of nuclear power units at existing sites (Rostov-2, Kalinin-4, Beloyarsk-4). Construction of new nuclear power plants near existing NPP (Novovoronezh NPP-2, Leningrad NPP-2, Kursk NPP-2,Kola NPP-2) and Construction of new nuclear power plants: (Nizhny Novgorod NPP, Tver NPP, Central NPP, South Urals NPP, Seversk NPP, Primorskaya NPP, 2 floating nuclear power plants at Severodvinsk and Pevek). Radioactive waste management: The Law on radioactive waste management will be introduced to State Duma in June 2008. The radioactive waste management strategy includes construction and reconstruction of: Storage facilities for some 120 thousand cubic meters, RW treatment complexes at nuclear fuel cycle enterprises, Storage facilities and RW treatment complexes at nuclear power plants, Storage facilities for RW coming from non-nuclear facilities for 140 thousand cubic meters, Decommissioning of 140 facilities, Decontamination of territories, buildings and constructions with the total area of 1658 thousand square meters. Development of competences: In 2006 about 313 thousand employees were working at nuclear industry (Top level managers - 0,6%, Intermediate level managers - 6,0%, Specialists - 31,6%, Workers - 62%). The demand of Rosatom State Corporation will be 7000 - 8000 persons annually of more then 140 professions, among them: 2800 persons with higher professional education, 2000 persons with specialized professional education, 2200 persons with elementary education. Total expenses for education and training will be about 600 million rubles (about 25 million dollars). WIN activities: There are about 400 female members of the Russian Nuclear Society (RNS), 35 of them are members of the North-West branch of the RNS. All events are held on behalf of the RNS.

Labyntseva, Marina [Non governmental educational institution, ' ATOMPROF' , Aerodromnaya st., 4, 197348 St Petersburg (Russian Federation)

2008-07-01

225

When does education matter? The protective effect of education for cohorts graduating in bad times.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using Eurobarometer data, we document large variation across European countries in education gradients in income, self-reported health, life satisfaction, obesity, smoking and drinking. While this variation has been documented previously, the reasons why the effect of education on income, health and health behaviors varies is not well understood. We build on previous literature documenting that cohorts graduating in bad times have lower wages and poorer health for many years after graduation, compared to those graduating in good times. We investigate whether more educated individuals suffer smaller income and health losses as a result of poor labor market conditions upon labor market entry. We confirm that a higher unemployment rate at graduation is associated with lower income, lower life satisfaction, greater obesity, more smoking and drinking later in life. Further, education plays a protective role for these outcomes, especially when unemployment rates are high: the losses associated with poor labor market outcomes are substantially lower for more educated individuals. Variation in unemployment rates upon graduation can potentially explain a large fraction of the variance in gradients across different countries. PMID:25113567

Cutler, David M; Huang, Wei; Lleras-Muney, Adriana

2014-07-31

226

Preparing Our Graduate Students for a New World  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Studies and opinions on the future of higher education in the United States have become a true cottage industry. A new book or a new policy proposal seems to appear every week. Most of the attention has focused on the undergraduate experience, especially in regard to costs, content, delivery, and outcomes. For example, outstanding student loans total roughly $1 trillion, and federal grants have increased from $6.4 billion in 1981 to $49 billion today. Despite this massive increase in federal support, the costs of higher education have increased at a rapid pace, making it beyond the reach of many middle class families without financial aid and loans. Given the high costs, students, families, and employers are beginning to question the value of many courses and degrees. Are graduates prepared to be good citizens as well as to be employable? The opportunity for disruption is now apparent, as both students and employers pursue new education delivery systems, such as massively open online courses. Although the initial frenzy for these courses may have abated, the "unbundling" of the residential college experience is well underway as students combine various offerings from different sources into a personalized education and universities struggle to respond.

Mark Abbott

2014-03-01

227

42 CFR 433.15 - Rates of FFP for administration.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 false Rates of FFP for administration. 433.15 Section 433.15 Public...MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE FISCAL ADMINISTRATION Federal Matching and General Administration Provisions § 433.15 Rates of...

2010-10-01

228

Polytechnic Graduate Placement in Finnish Manufacturing  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper analyses polytechnic graduate placement in Finnish manufacturing. The paper uses a register-based data source covering white-collar manufacturing workers over the period 1995-2004. Taken together, the results show that wages and job classification are higher for polytechnic graduates, once other covariates are controlled for. Despite…

Bockerman, Petri

2007-01-01

229

Multicultural Issues in Graduate Advising Relationships  

Science.gov (United States)

Although advisor-advisee relationships are ubiquitous to graduate training, there is relatively little scholarship bearing on advising relationships. Not surprisingly, the intersection between multiculturalism and advising relationships is also sparse. Given the potential increase in the numbers of People of Color entering graduate training due to…

Schlosser, Lewis Z.; Talleyrand, Regine M.; Lyons, Heather Z.; Kim, Bryan S. K.; Johnson, W. Brad

2011-01-01

230

First Employment of British Pharmacology Graduates  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey was conducted in UK Universities to identify the employment of pharmacology graduates (BSc, MSc and PhD) 6 months after graduation in 2003. The aim was to provide data for the British Pharmacological Society (BPS) so they could offer advice to interested bodies and to University staff for careers information. 85% of 52 Universities…

Hollingsworth, Michael; Markham, Anthony

2006-01-01

231

Job Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction Among Journalism Graduates  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of the degree of job satisfaction felt by 404 news/editorial and advertising graduates indicates that journalism graduates develop satisfaction and dissatisfaction with jobs in a manner usually consistent with Frederick Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory of job satisfaction. (GW)

Shaver, Harold C.

1978-01-01

232

Why AD Graduates Choose Their First Jobs.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reasons for the job selections of 64 associate degree nursing graduates were examined in a pilot study at Purdue University. The basic research question was whether nursing graduates initially view "maintenance" or motivational factors as more important. Based on Herzberg's theory of motivation, information is provided on maintenance or hygiene…

Smokvina, Gloria J.; Bratt, Ellen M.

233

Business Graduate Skill Sets - Summary Report  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the competencies required by industry in business graduates and the relative importance and current graduate proficiency levels in each skill area. A secondary purpose was to examine and compare the perceived role of contemporary business schools across different samples. The study was conducted during…

Jackson, Denise; Chapman, Elaine

2009-01-01

234

A Convenient Storage Rack for Graduated Cylinders  

Science.gov (United States)

An attempt is made to find a solution to the occasional problem of a need for storing large numbers of graduated cylinders in many teaching and research laboratories. A design, which involves the creation of a series of parallel channels that are used to suspend inverted graduated cylinders by their bases, is proposed.

Love, Brian

2004-01-01

235

Graduate Students' Perceptions of Contrapower Sexual Harassment  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compared the perceptions of 172 graduate students to traditional versus contrapower sexual harassment. Graduate students are a unique sample due to their dual role as a student and a teacher. After controlling for attitudes toward feminism and sexual harassment, participants viewed contrapower sexual harassment as less indicative of…

Mohipp, Charmaine; Senn, Charlene Y.

2008-01-01

236

A Checklist to Guide Graduate Students' Writing  

Science.gov (United States)

Many graduate students are poor writers because graduate school demands higher quality and more variety of writing skills than undergraduate school, most students write without revision under heavy time pressures, and instructors often lack the time to guide them toward good writing. Helping students improve could happen in different ways. A…

Nelson, Janet S.; Range, Lillian M.; Ross, Melynda Burck

2012-01-01

237

Collaborative Graduate Education across Multiple Campuses  

Science.gov (United States)

Multi-institutional approaches to graduate education continue to emerge as a way to better prepare students for collaborative work. In this article, we describe a graduate course designed to investigate application of conservation biology principles by local land use planners. "Where is Conservation Science in Local Planning?" was offered jointly…

Thompson, J. R.; Hess, G. R.; Bowman, T. A.; Magnusdottir, H.; Stubbs-Gipson, C. E.; Groom, M.; Miller, J. R.; Steelman, T. A.; Stokes, D. L.

2009-01-01

238

A Survey of Graduate Writing Courses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveys the extent and range of graduate writing courses nationwide and the rationale for offering them, as described by deans and faculty. Concludes that attention should be paid to the need for graduate composition courses and the attendant need for cross-disciplinary interest in the teaching of such courses. (MS)

Golding, Alan; Mascaro, John

1986-01-01

239

Technology Education Graduate Education: Factors Influencing Participation.  

Science.gov (United States)

A modified Delphi technique was used to identify the factors that positively influence technology education teachers' decision to enroll in graduate education programs and the barriers to their enrollment in advanced degree programs. Two pairs of Delphi panels were established. The doctoral panels consisted of 15 recent doctoral graduates and 30…

Cardon, Phillip L.; Rogers, George E.

240

Transitioning Challenges Faced by Chinese Graduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review examines transitioning challenges faced by Chinese international students who pursue graduate degrees in the United States. Based on existing research on adulthood in U.S. and Chinese contexts and the features of Chinese graduate students, Chinese adults, and international students as learners in Western countries, the…

Huang, Ying

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Faculty Expectations of Graduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

When looking for a new student a few years ago, I considered an international student who wasn't available for me to interview personally—something I've come to require before I accept a student into my research group. After some preliminary discussion, I asked her my "behavioral" questions by email to give her an opportunity to provide me with some insight into her qualifications and character. I asked her to describe experiences where she had to resolve a conflict with someone else, where she had faced and overcome a hurdle, and to describe her motivation for graduate school. In her response, which started by noting a particular interaction she had had with her father, she presented me with a well-written documentary of her skills, into which her responses to my three questions were woven. Being the sort of person myself who would have bullet-pointed a response and detailed specific activities to document those skills, I was greatly impressed with her ability to think more broadly than my specific request, yet get at the heart of my questions in a creative approach. I accepted her as a student immediately because those are the attributes in a graduate student I value most highly.

Hartel, Richard W.

242

Report on the Clare Committee Proposal for Rules of Admission to the Federal District Courts in the Second Circuit. Report of Special Committee on Admissions to the Bar.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Clare Committee recommends that admission to practice in the federal district courts in the Second Circuit be limited to those who have studied five subjects, including trial advocacy, in law school or after graduation in approved continuing legal education programs. The practical effect of adoption of these recommendations would be to require…

Association of American Law Schools, Washington, DC.

243

Dimensions and Use of the Scholarly Information Environment: Introduction to a Data Set Assembled by the Digital Library Federation and Outsell, Inc.  

Science.gov (United States)

Users' expectations of libraries are changing as they find and obtain more information directly from the Web. To better understand how usage patterns are changing, the Digital Library Federation (DLF) and Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR)commissioned Outsell, Inc., to conduct a large-scale study of undergraduates, graduate

Friedlander, Amy

244

The situation of radiation oncology training programs and their graduates in 1997  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: In light of concerns about the job market, the American College of Radiology (ACR) studied the employment situation of 1997 radiation oncology graduates, and the status and plans of radiation oncology training programs. Methods and Materials: In April-May 1997, and in a December follow-up, the ACR surveyed all radiation oncology residency directors about the employment situation of their 1997 residency and fellowship graduates and about their programs. Ninety-four percent of those surveyed responded. We compared findings with surveys from 1995 and 1996. Differences were assessed with p ? 0.05 as the test of statistical significance. Results: By six months after graduation, 98% of residency graduates and all fellowship graduates were employed. Program directors reported approximately 95% of graduates had positions that reasonably matched their training and personal employment goals. Programs have reduced beginning residency slots by 22% over the past three years, and further reductions are planned. Many observers were disappointed with fill rates in the 1997 National Match, but by the December follow-up, 96% of beginning-year residency slots were filled. Conclusion: Unemployment continues to be low, and one 'softer' indicator, the job market perceptions of residency program directors, showed improvement

245

Job requirements compared to medical school education: differences between graduates from problem-based learning and conventional curricula  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Problem-based Learning (PBL has been suggested as a key educational method of knowledge acquisition to improve medical education. We sought to evaluate the differences in medical school education between graduates from PBL-based and conventional curricula and to what extent these curricula fit job requirements. Methods Graduates from all German medical schools who graduated between 1996 and 2002 were eligible for this study. Graduates self-assessed nine competencies as required at their day-to-day work and as taught in medical school on a 6-point Likert scale. Results were compared between graduates from a PBL-based curriculum (University Witten/Herdecke and conventional curricula. Results Three schools were excluded because of low response rates. Baseline demographics between graduates of the PBL-based curriculum (n = 101, 49% female and the conventional curricula (n = 4720, 49% female were similar. No major differences were observed regarding job requirements with priorities for "Independent learning/working" and "Practical medical skills". All competencies were rated to be better taught in PBL-based curriculum compared to the conventional curricula (all p Conclusion Among medical graduates in Germany, PBL demonstrated benefits with regard to competencies which were highly required in the job of physicians. Research and business competence deserve closer attention in future curricular development.

Federkeil Gero

2010-01-01

246

Graduate entry to medicine in Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Backgrounds In Iran medical students are selected from high school graduates via a very competitive national university entrance exam. New proposals have been seriously considered for admitting students from those with bachelor degrees. We assessed the opinions of different stakeholders on the current situation of admission into medicine in Iran, and their views on positive and negative aspects of admitting graduates into medicine. Methods We conducted five focus group discussions and seven in-depth interviews with stakeholders including medical students, science students, university professors of basic sciences, medical education experts, and policy makers. Main themes were identified from the data and analyzed using content analysis approach. Results Medical students believed "graduate admission" may lead to a more informed choice of medicine. They thought it could result in admission of students with lower levels of academic aptitude. The science students were in favor of "graduate admission". The education experts and the professors of basic science all mentioned the shortcomings of the current system of admission and considered "graduate admission" as an appropriate opportunity for correcting some of the shortcomings. The policy makers pointed out the potential positive influences of "graduate admission" on strengthening basic science research. They thought, however, that "graduate admission" may result in lengthening the overall duration of medical education, which is already long in Iran (over 7 years. On the whole, the participants thought that "graduate admission" is a step in the right direction for improving quality of medical education. Conclusion "Graduate admission" has the potential to correct some of shortcomings of medical education. Unlike other countries where "graduate admission" is used mainly to admit students who are mentally mature, in Iran the main objective seems to be strengthening basic sciences.

Rashidian Arash

2008-10-01

247

Preparedness for clinical practice - Perceptions of graduates and their work supervisors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The standards of performance of healthcare professionals are now well defined and used to determine health professional curricula. Empirical research evidence exists in medicine and nursing which explores how well these curricula prepare their students for clinical practice but not in the radiography profession. This research aims to determine how well prepared newly qualified radiographers were for clinical practice and to identify strengths and weaknesses in their preparedness to inform curriculum development. Methods: A postal questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to obtain data from newly qualified diagnostic radiographers and their work-based supervisors. The questionnaire assessed graduate preparedness against a number of items drawn from published documents which define UK radiographic practice. Statistical analysis, using ANOVA and Wilcoxon, examined differences between the groups' perception of preparedness. A sample of graduates and their work supervisors were interviewed to explore preparedness. Results: There were significant differences (p ? 0.05) between; the preparedness scores of the graduates and supervisors, with supervisors rating the graduates higher than the graduates themselves; subscales of teamwork (p ? 0.05), personal attributes (p ? 0.05) and digital skills (p ? 0.01). No significant differences were found between graduates employed in their training hospital and those employed elsewhere. Interview data reveald elsewhere. Interview data revealed perceived areas of graduate strength, weaknesses and areas for curriculum development. Suggestions for improvement to the methodology were identified for exploring preparedness in other health professional programmes. Conclusion: The graduates were well prepared for their role as a diagnostic radiographer. Some curriculum development is needed in specific areas and advice on methodological improvement is offered

248

Preparedness for clinical practice - Perceptions of graduates and their work supervisors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: The standards of performance of healthcare professionals are now well defined and used to determine health professional curricula. Empirical research evidence exists in medicine and nursing which explores how well these curricula prepare their students for clinical practice but not in the radiography profession. This research aims to determine how well prepared newly qualified radiographers were for clinical practice and to identify strengths and weaknesses in their preparedness to inform curriculum development. Methods: A postal questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to obtain data from newly qualified diagnostic radiographers and their work-based supervisors. The questionnaire assessed graduate preparedness against a number of items drawn from published documents which define UK radiographic practice. Statistical analysis, using ANOVA and Wilcoxon, examined differences between the groups' perception of preparedness. A sample of graduates and their work supervisors were interviewed to explore preparedness. Results: There were significant differences (p {<=} 0.05) between; the preparedness scores of the graduates and supervisors, with supervisors rating the graduates higher than the graduates themselves; subscales of teamwork (p {<=} 0.05), personal attributes (p {<=} 0.05) and digital skills (p {<=} 0.01). No significant differences were found between graduates employed in their training hospital and those employed elsewhere. Interview data revealed perceived areas of graduate strength, weaknesses and areas for curriculum development. Suggestions for improvement to the methodology were identified for exploring preparedness in other health professional programmes. Conclusion: The graduates were well prepared for their role as a diagnostic radiographer. Some curriculum development is needed in specific areas and advice on methodological improvement is offered.

Mackay, S.J. [School of Health Care Professions, Allerton Building, University of Salford, Manchester M6 6PU (United Kingdom)], E-mail: s.mackay@salford.ac.uk; Anderson, A.C. [Tameside General Hospital, Fountain Street, Lancashire (United Kingdom); Hogg, P. [School of Health Care Professions, Allerton Building, University of Salford, Manchester M6 6PU (United Kingdom)

2008-08-15

249

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 213 - Federal Enforcement Agencies  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL... 5. Federal credit unions Regional office of the National Credit Union Administration serving...which the federal credit union is located. 6. Air...Consumer Protection, Federal Trade Commission,...

2010-01-01

250

A generic framework for heterogeneous resource federation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This doctorate thesis introduces a framework for information and communication technology resource federation. Resource federation in the context of this work is a concept for sharing and allowing access to heterogeneous resources across multiple administrative domains. Three design artifacts are delivered as the main research result: a federation model, a federation methodology, and a system instantiation. The artifacts abstract from the types of resources to be federated. Examples of resour...

Wahle, Sebastian

2011-01-01

251

A Generic Framework for Heterogeneous Resource Federation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This doctorate thesis introduces a framework for information and communication technology resource federation. Resource federation in the context of this work is a concept for sharing and allowing access to heterogeneous resources across multiple administrative domains. Three design artifacts are delivered as the main research result: a federation model, a federation methodology, and a system instantiation. The artifacts abstract from the types of resources to be federated. Examples of resour...

Wahle, Sebastian

2011-01-01

252

A Graduate Course on Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: Influences on Conceptions of Teaching and Learning  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reports on the effects of a graduate course on teaching and learning on graduate teaching assistants’ conceptions of teaching and on the teaching philosophy statements that arose from those conceptions. Effects are interpreted from three perspectives: 1) course facilitators' reports of their perceptions of course participants’ conceptual change; 2) an independent assessors' ratings of the evidence of change through blind review of course participants’ initial phil...

Leger, Andrew B.; Sue Fostaty Young

2014-01-01

253

77 FR 43151 - Permissible Investments for Federal and State Savings Associations: Corporate Debt Securities  

Science.gov (United States)

...State Savings Associations: Corporate Debt Securities AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance...from acquiring or retaining a corporate debt security unless it determines, prior to...directly or through a subsidiary, a corporate debt security that is rated below...

2012-07-24

254

Assessing the New Federalism (ANF)  

Science.gov (United States)

Assessing the New Federalism is an ongoing, multi-year research project by the non-partisan Urban Institute, which monitors the transfer of responsibility for social programs from the federal government to the state legislatures. Issues of health policy, income support, social services, and fiscal policy are central to the project, and authors from a variety of public and private institutions contribute to a database of Occasional Papers, Policy Briefs, and State Reports (.pdf format). Users may browse ANF publications by subject, or download statistical data from the ANF State Database on education financing, food stamps, or supplemental security income, among other variables.

1999-01-01

255

Paleontologia: 50 Anos de Ensino e Pesquisa no Departamento de Geologia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The education on Paleontology at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro presents three distinct stages. In a first phase, in the context of the Universidade do Brazil, it was developed exclusively in the Faculdade Nacional de Filosofia. In 1965, with the fusion of the Geology Course, established by CAGE in 1958, to the Universidade do Brazil, there is the beginning of a new stage, in which widen the number of professionals researching and teaching paleontological topics, and also the number of disciplines related to this science. In 1969, due the establishment of the Graduate Programme inPaleontology-Stratigraphy of the Geosciences Institute, a third phase is recognized, characterized by the large plurality in the researches and education on paleontological subjects. In this study is present the history of the education on Paleontology at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, as well as the scientists that collaborated to the undergraduate and graduate of geoscientists and paleontologists in this institution.

Ismar de Souza Carvalho

2007-07-01

256

Practical science communication strategies for graduate students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Development of skills in science communication is a well-acknowledged gap in graduate training, but the constraints that accompany research (limited time, resources, and knowledge of opportunities) make it challenging to acquire these proficiencies. Furthermore, advisors and institutions may find it difficult to support graduate students adequately in these efforts. The result is fewer career and societal benefits because students have not learned to communicate research effectively beyond their scientific peers. To help overcome these hurdles, we developed a practical approach to incorporating broad science communication into any graduate-school time line. The approach consists of a portfolio approach that organizes outreach activities along a time line of planned graduate studies. To help design the portfolio, we mapped available science communication tools according to 5 core skills essential to most scientific careers: writing, public speaking, leadership, project management, and teaching. This helps graduate students consider the diversity of communication tools based on their desired skills, time constraints, barriers to entry, target audiences, and personal and societal communication goals. By designing a portfolio with an advisor's input, guidance, and approval, graduate students can gauge how much outreach is appropriate given their other commitments to teaching, research, and classes. The student benefits from the advisors' experience and mentorship, promotes the group's research, and establishes a track record of engagement. When graduate student participation in science communication is discussed, it is often recommended that institutions offer or require more training in communication, project management, and leadership. We suggest that graduate students can also adopt a do-it-yourself approach that includes determining students' own outreach objectives and time constraints and communicating these with their advisor. By doing so we hope students will help create a new culture of science communication in graduate student education. PMID:24762116

Kuehne, Lauren M; Twardochleb, Laura A; Fritschie, Keith J; Mims, Meryl C; Lawrence, David J; Gibson, Polly P; Stewart-Koster, Ben; Olden, Julian D

2014-10-01

257

76 FR 68044 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-54; Small Entity Compliance Guide  

Science.gov (United States)

...Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-54; Small Entity Compliance Guide...rules appearing in Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-54, which amend the Federal...implement Executive Order (E.O.) 13494, Economy in Government Contracting, issued...

2011-11-02

258

Issues and Challenges of Nigerian Fiscal Federalism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nigeria as a federation operates a fiscal arrangement that caters for the needs of the federating units. Today, federations are characterized by extensive intergovernmental relations in which federal, state and local government work together, seeking to identify policies on which all participants can agree. This can only be true if there is no financial subordination on the part of any of the levels of government. It means that neither the federal nor state or the local government in a true federation, should be dependent upon each other in performing the statutory duties and functions devolved upon it in a federal constitution. Since it is fundamentallyl true that the challenges of fiscal federalism is enormous in Nigeria, this paper attempts to look at these issues within the purview of Nigerian federal structure involving sharing of revenue from the federation account by the federating units, fiscal decentralization and the allocation of expenditure and tax-raising power among the federal, state and local government. The paper concludes by arguing that there is a prospect of a stable federation if anchored on arrangement rooted in equity, fairness and justice. That is the evolution of an equitable revenue formula that would be in the best long-term interest of a stable Nigerian federation.

Dr. S. Aigbepue

2011-10-01

259

Designing Graduate-Level Plant Breeding Curriculum: A Delphi Study of Private Sector Stakeholder Opinions  

Science.gov (United States)

A broad-based survey using the Delphi method was conducted to garner current information from private sector stakeholders and build consensus opinions supporting key ideas for enhancing plant breeder education and training. This study asked respondents to suggest and rate topics and content they deemed most important to plant breeding graduate

Miller, Jane K.; Repinski, Shelby L.; Hayes, Kathryn N.; Bliss, Frederick A.; Trexler, Cary J.

2011-01-01

260

Student Motivation in Graduate Music Programmes: An Examination of Personal and Environmental Factors  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the increasing number of students in music education graduate programmes, attrition rates suggest a lack of success in retaining and assisting them to the completion of their degree. Based on the expectancy-value theory, the aim of this study was to examine students' motivations (values and competence beliefs) and their complex interaction…

Gonzalez-Moreno, Patricia Adelaida

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

The Impact of Legalized Abortion on High School Graduation through Selection and Composition  

Science.gov (United States)

This analysis examines whether the legalization of abortion changed high school graduation rates among the children selected into birth. Unless women in all socio-economic circumstances sought abortions to the same extent, increased use of abortion must have changed the distribution of child development inputs. I find that higher abortion ratios…

Whitaker, Stephan

2011-01-01

262

Cities in Crisis: A Special Analytic Report on High School Graduation  

Science.gov (United States)

Graduation rates have become a prominent feature in the landscape of high school reform and within the larger world of educational policy. Studies conducted over the past several years have repeatedly demonstrated that far fewer American students are completing high school with diplomas than had previously been realized. Whereas the conventional…

Swanson, Christopher B.

2008-01-01

263

Efforts to Improve Undergraduate Student Retention Rates at a Hispanic Serving Institution: Building Collaborative Relationships for the Common Good  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes efforts to improve retention and graduation rates at the University of Texas at San Antonio, a large Hispanic serving institution (HSI). One college within the university is focusing on increasing retention and graduation rates primarily by building relationships and capitalizing on university resources. In addition to…

Martin, Nancy K.; Meyer, Kristi

2010-01-01

264

Applying lessons learned from the USAID family planning graduation experience to the GAVI graduation process.  

Science.gov (United States)

As low income countries experience economic transition, characterized by rapid economic growth and increased government spending potential in health, they have increased fiscal space to support and sustain more of their own health programmes, decreasing need for donor development assistance. Phase out of external funds should be systematic and efforts towards this end should concentrate on government commitments towards country ownership and self-sustainability. The 2006 US Agency for International Development (USAID) family planning (FP) graduation strategy is one such example of a systematic phase-out approach. Triggers for graduation were based on pre-determined criteria and programme indicators. In 2011 the GAVI Alliance (formerly the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations) which primarily supports financing of new vaccines, established a graduation policy process. Countries whose gross national income per capita exceeds $1570 incrementally increase their co-financing of new vaccines over a 5-year period until they are no longer eligible to apply for new GAVI funding, although previously awarded support will continue. This article compares and contrasts the USAID and GAVI processes to apply lessons learned from the USAID FP graduation experience to the GAVI process. The findings of the review are 3-fold: (1) FP graduation plans served an important purpose by focusing on strategic needs across six graduation plan foci, facilitating graduation with pre-determined financial and technical benchmarks, (2) USAID sought to assure contraceptive security prior to graduation, phasing out of contraceptive donations first before phasing out from technical assistance in other programme areas and (3) USAID sought to sustain political support to assure financing of products and programmes continue after graduation. Improving sustainability more broadly beyond vaccine financing provides a more comprehensive approach to graduation. The USAID FP experience provides a window into understanding one approach to graduation from donor assistance. The process itself-involving transparent country-level partners well in advance of graduation-appears a valuable lesson towards success. PMID:24974106

Shen, Angela K; Farrell, Marguerite M; Vandenbroucke, Mary F; Fox, Elizabeth; Pablos-Mendez, Ariel

2014-06-28

265

Update: Federal Republic of Germany.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Federal Republic of Germany is widely respected for its highly developed economy, rich cultural life, and significant contributions to science, mathematics, and the arts. Designed for families or individuals planning to move to or live in Germany for extended periods of time, this book provides guidance in such practical matters as entry…

Loewenthal, Nessa P.

266

Report for the Russian Federation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radioactive contamination of the territory of the Russian Federation as a result of the Chernobyl accident was recorded first on 29 April 1986 in the Bryansk region and then in the Tula and Kaluga regions. Considering the non-uniformity of radioactive (caesium) contamination of the territory of the Russian Federation and its distribution in ''spots'' with different contamination levels, the contaminated zones defined by law are being constantly determined. The number of settlements identified was 7096 in 1992 (2,310,000 inhabitants) and 7661 in 1995 (2,687,000 inhabitants) in the above zones of 14 constituent units of the Russian Federation. About 300,000 citizens of the Russian Federation (''liquidators'') took part in the work on mitigating the consequences of the accident in the exclusion zone. In 1986, 181 inhabitants were evacuated from four small villages in the Bryansk region. Subsequently, after appropriate decisions were taken by the Government and the Law on Social Protection of Citizens was adopted, about 50,000 inhabitants were resettled and moved out voluntarily from the contaminated areas of the Bryansk region and also partly from the Tula, Kaluga and Orel regions. The number of persons residing in the contaminated areas is 2687. 15 tabs

267

The Federal Role in Science and Engineering Graduate and Postdoctoral Education  

Science.gov (United States)

... Chancellor, University of California, Santa Cruz DR. CHARLES E. HESS, Director of International ... Director, National Science Foundation* DR. MARTA CEHELSKY, Executive Officer *As a matter of general ...

268

Information Seeking in Context: Results of Graduate Student Interviews  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract We conducted a qualitative research study examining the information seeking behaviours of Psychology, Sociology and Women’s Studies graduate students at a large research intensive university to determine how graduate students find information; the roles that faculty members, fellow graduate students and librarians play in the information search; and graduate students’ knowledge of information resources and services. The context of graduate student information seeking was uncov...

Marg Sloan; Kim McPhee

2013-01-01

269

46 CFR 310.65 - Graduation.  

Science.gov (United States)

... Section 310.65 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...each year in some phase of the maritime industry or engaged in full-time graduate studies related to the maritime field; or (iv) Apply...

2010-10-01

270

A Consideration for Graduate Reading Programs.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors describe a model graduate reading program designed for potential reading specialists. The model suggests that teaching educational philosophy, psychology, sociology, and physiology precede the teaching of reading methodology, thereby first developing a theoretical foundation. (KC)

Davis, Gene L.; Venturella, Robert

1980-01-01

271

Federal laboratories for the 21st century  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Federal laboratories have successfully filled many roles for the public; however, as the 21st Century nears it is time to rethink and reevaluate how Federal laboratories can better support the public and identify new roles for this class of publicly-owned institutions. The productivity of the Federal laboratory system can be increased by making use of public outcome metrics, by benchmarking laboratories, by deploying innovative new governance models, by partnerships of Federal laboratories with universities and companies, and by accelerating the transition of federal laboratories and the agencies that own them into learning organizations. The authors must learn how government-owned laboratories in other countries serve their public. Taiwan`s government laboratory, Industrial Technology Research Institute, has been particularly successful in promoting economic growth. It is time to stop operating Federal laboratories as monopoly institutions; therefore, competition between Federal laboratories must be promoted. Additionally, Federal laboratories capable of addressing emerging 21st century public problems must be identified and given the challenge of serving the public in innovative new ways. Increased investment in case studies of particular programs at Federal laboratories and research on the public utility of a system of Federal laboratories could lead to increased productivity of laboratories. Elimination of risk-averse Federal laboratory and agency bureaucracies would also have dramatic impact on the productivity of the Federal laboratory system. Appropriately used, the US Federal laboratory system offers the US an innovative advantage over other nations.

Gover, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Huray, P.G. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)

1998-04-01

272

Factors Affecting Job Opportunities for University Graduates in China---the Evidence from University Graduates in Beijing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The problem of unemployed university graduates has become serious in China since the expansion of the higher education system in 1999, leading to an unemployment spell. Of China’s 5.6 million university graduates in 2008, 1.7 million are reported to have been unable to find jobs.  In this paper, the factors that determine whether a graduate finds a job in China have been studied. A duration model for this study indicates that the graduates find jobs faster if they come from colleges with higher reputation. In addition, study shows graduates with engineering and business degrees find jobs more easily, next is major of arts and social science. The graduates with law and science degrees find jobs more difficult. Other majors have no significant effects on job finding. Finally, female graduates find jobs more easily than male graduates particularly before the final graduation date and 1-2 months after graduation.

Jun Kong

2011-04-01

273

Competencies for global heath graduate education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Competency specification and competency-based education (CBE) are increasingly being viewed as essential for optimizing educational outcomes for the next generation of global health workers. An overview is provided of this movement in graduate health professions education in the United States, the Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH) contributions to advancing and researching related CBE processes and best practices, and the evolving ASPH competency model for graduate global health education. PMID:21896359

Calhoun, Judith G; Spencer, Harrison C; Buekens, Pierre

2011-09-01

274

The Whitaker Foundation: Graduate Fellowships: Biomedical Engineering  

Science.gov (United States)

The funding mission of the Whitaker Foundation is to provide the opportunity for scientists to make future advances in medical science through increased interaction between engineering and biomedical research. Applications for graduate fellowships in biomedical engineering will be accepted from undergraduate students in their final year of study, first year graduate students, and non-students with appropriate engineering or science backgrounds. The target date for submitting applications is December 10, 1998.

275

Overeducation and the skills of UK graduates  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

During the early Nineties the proportion of UK graduates doubled over a very short period of time. This paper investigates the effect of the expansion on early labour market attainment, focusing on over-education. We define over-education by combining occupation codes and a self-reported measure for the appropriateness of the match between qualification and the job. We therefore define three groups of graduates: matched, apparently over-educated and genuinely over-educated; to compare pre- an...

Chevalier, Arnaud; Lindley, Joanne

2009-01-01

276

Assessment and standards for graduate outcomes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Assessment drives what students learn and standards drive industry. In this paper we link the two and describe how we developed robust, practical standards for graduate skills that can be used to design learning tasks and rubrics to assess learning tasks. They act also as a clear statement to students about expectations for their learning as well as to industry on the standard of the graduates that universities are delivering.

Leigh N Wood

2011-03-01

277

The Impact of the Reform of the Italian Higher Education System on the Labour Market for Young Graduates  

Science.gov (United States)

This article assesses the effectiveness of a reform of the higher education system aimed at stimulating employability and faster access to the labour market for Italian graduates. Using the Taylor formula, the evolution of the employment rates has been followed through the movements and interaction of activity and unemployment rates. The progress…

Potestio, Paola

2014-01-01

278

Appendix: Marketing and Student Recruitment Practices for Master's-Level Graduate Programs, 2012. Trends in Enrollment Management  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents the appendix to "Marketing and Student Recruitment Practices for Master's-Level Graduate Programs, 2012" report. Included in this appendix are: (1) Ratings of the primary practices measured in this study, displayed by institution type; (2) The practice of purchasing prospective student names and addresses; (3) Ratings of…

Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2012

2012-01-01

279

A coordinated state/federal volunteer training program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

While the sinking of the Tenyo Maru and resultant oil spill off Washington's Olympic Peninsula in July 1991 was tragic, it fostered the birth of a cooperative effort by federal and state agencies to train volunteer responders prior to another oil spill. This effort, under the auspices of an Oregon nonprofit group known as SOLV (Stop Oregon Littering and Vandalism), is known as the SOS (SOLV Oil Spill) Steering committee. The purpose of the group is to train volunteer responders to aid federal, state, and local agencies in future oil spill cleanup activities. For the first time in the nation, governmental agencies have joined with corporations and environmental organizations in coordinating educational programs involving citizens in oil spill remediation efforts before the advent of a major spill that could affect coastal areas or inland waterways. Free classes meeting federal and state hazardous waste training criteria are offered quarterly to citizens interested in either volunteer wildlife rehabilitation or beach cleanup. The four-hour course was developed by the US Coast Guard, Oregon State Department of Environmental Quality, and Oregon OSHA. Topics covered include agency responsibilities, site safety plans, general safety, toxicology, material safety data sheets, personal protective equipment, decontamination, heat stress, helicopter safety, and wildlife safety. In addition to course materials, participants receive a certificate and identification card verifying ificate and identification card verifying their training. A 1-800 number, computer data base, and newsletter are used to maintain contact with graduates. So far more than 600 volunteers have been trained and are ready to assist should the need arise

280

Correlation of admissions statistics to graduate student success in medical physics.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this work is to develop metrics for evaluation of medical physics graduate student performance, assess relationships between success and other quantifiable factors, and determine whether graduate student performance can be accurately predicted by admissions statistics. A cohort of 108 medical physics graduate students from a single institution were rated for performance after matriculation based on final scores in specific courses, first year graduate Grade Point Average (GPA), performance on the program exit exam, performance in oral review sessions, and faculty rating. Admissions statistics including matriculating program (MS vs. PhD); undergraduate degree type, GPA, and country; graduate degree; general and subject GRE scores; traditional vs. nontraditional status; and ranking by admissions committee were evaluated for potential correlation with the performance metrics. GRE verbal and quantitative scores were correlated with higher scores in the most difficult courses in the program and with the program exit exam; however, the GRE section most correlated with overall faculty rating was the analytical writing section. Students with undergraduate degrees in engineering had a higher faculty rating than those from other disciplines and faculty rating was strongly correlated with undergraduate country. Undergraduate GPA was not statistically correlated with any success metrics investigated in this study. However, the high degree of selection on GPA and quantitative GRE scores during the admissions process results in relatively narrow ranges for these quantities. As such, these results do not necessarily imply that one should not strongly consider traditional metrics, such as undergraduate GPA and quantitative GRE score, during the admissions process. They suggest that once applicants have been initially filtered by these metrics, additional selection should be performed via the other metrics shown here to be correlated with success. The parameters used to make admissions decisions for our program are accurate in predicting student success, as illustrated by the very strong statistical correlation between admissions rank and course average, first year graduate GPA, and faculty rating (p student success in our program, as well as predicted future success by program faculty members. Finally, this study confirms that our current admissions process is effective in identifying candidates who will be successful in our program and are expected to be successful after graduation, and provides additional insight useful in improving our admissions selection process. PMID:24423842

Burmeister, Jay; McSpadden, Erin; Rakowski, Joseph; Nalichowski, Adrian; Yudelev, Mark; Snyder, Michael

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

The situation of radiation oncology practice training programs and their graduates in 1998  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To keep the profession apprised of current trends in the job market, the American College of Radiology (ACR) studied the employment situation of 1998 radiation oncology graduates and the status and plans of radiation oncology training programs in the United States. Methods and Materials: In April-May 1998, and again in a December 1998-January 1999 follow-up, the ACR surveyed all radiation oncology residency directors in the U.S. about the employment situation of their 1998 residency and fellowship graduates as well as changes in their programs. Eighty-five percent (71/84) of those surveyed responded. We compare current findings with similar 1997 and earlier surveys and report statistically significant differences (p ? 0.05). Results: By 6 months after graduation, there were no graduating residents or fellows who had not secured a position, although the status of two was unknown. At that time, about 93% of all graduates had secured positions that directors said reasonably matched graduates' training and personal goals. Program directors reported that accomplished and planned changes in their programs will reduce the annual number of residency graduates by about one-fifth since 1993. However, the number of beginning residency positions offered in 1998 was 149, up from 116 in 1997 and only a few percent below the 1993 level. By the December 1998-January 1999 follow-up, fill rates for offered training positions were 94% for residencies and 80% for fellowships, or residencies and 80% for fellowships, figures that are similar to those reported for past years. Directors' perceptions of the job market are much more positive. For example, only 11% of residency directors viewed the market as more difficult this year than typical of recent years, as against 48% in 1997 and 82% in 1996. Conclusion: Unemployment continues to be low, and another, 'softer' indicator, the job market perceptions of residency program directors, continues to improve. Possibly as a result, plans for program reductions are evaporating

282

7 CFR 275.3 - Federal monitoring.  

Science.gov (United States)

... false Federal monitoring. 275.3 Section...FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...275.3 Federal monitoring. The Food and Nutrition Service shall...during each annual quality control...

2010-01-01

283

Federal Communications Commission Semiannual Regulatory Agenda  

Science.gov (United States)

...regarding orbit-raising...of inclined orbits, and orbital...for Fixed-Satellite space stations...Federal Communications Commission...Federal Communications Commission...NON-GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE ORBIT MOBILE...

2010-12-20

284

Federal Corporate Law: Lessons From History  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper analyzes the history of federal intervention in corporate law and draws from it lessons for the future. We show that federal intervention has generally not alternated between tightening state law restrictions on corporate insiders and relaxing them. Rather, federal law has systematically replaced state law arrangements with ones imposing tighter constraints on insiders. Without federal intervention, state law would have produced a corporate system that provides substantially weaker...

Bebchuk, Lucian Arye; Hamdani, Assaf

2006-01-01

285

CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS TITLE 21 DATABASE  

Science.gov (United States)

The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is a codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. Title 21 of the CFR is reserved for rules of the Food and Drug Administration. Each ti...

286

40 CFR 35.2152 - Federal share.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Federal share. 35.2152 Section 35.2152 Protection...Construction of Treatment Works § 35.2152 Federal share. (a) General. The Federal share for each project shall be based on the...

2010-07-01

287

Energy policy: A federal decision  

Science.gov (United States)

The policies for development of the nation's energy needs for the remainder of this century are being formulated at the highest levels. The Reagan administration has stated consistently that ‘energy goals’ of the kind Carter proposed for solar power (20% of the nation's energy was to be supplied by renewable resources by the year 2000) will not be set, per se. The role of market forces in setting energy demand and the pace of development and supply will be emphasized. The recent National Energy Policy Plan released by the Reagan administration is a comprehensive statement of how the federal government will restructure its efforts to solve the energy problem. It would appear that fossil fuels will be the mainstay. Federal decontrol and deregulation will be in support of the forces of the market place. Nuclear energy will gain impetus by the deregulation efforts.

Bell, Peter M.

288

Empirical Examination of Factors that Influence Student Ratings of Instructors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Four Introduction to Psychology and six Developmental Psychology graduate teaching assistants collected student ratings from their students with the newly created Evaluation of College Instructor (ECI) rating instrument. A total of 82 Introduction to Psychology students and 186 Developmental Psychology students completed the ECI shortly before the…

Purvanova, Radostina K.

289

Thailand's Student Loans Fund: Interest Rate Subsidies and Repayment Burdens  

Science.gov (United States)

Government student loan schemes typically have implicit interest rate subsidies which, while these are a cost to taxpayers, they have the benefit of diminishing repayment burdens for graduates. Our goal is to illustrate the extent of both interest rate subsidies and repayment burdens with respect to Thailand's Student Loans Fund (SLF), using…

Chapman, Bruce; Lounkaew, Kiatanantha; Polsiri, Piruna; Sarachitti, Rangsit; Sitthipongpanich, Thitima

2010-01-01

290

The Impact of SNAP-ED and EFNEP on Program Graduates 6 Months after Graduation  

Science.gov (United States)

Research was conducted to determine if graduates from either the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education or Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program maintained behavioral changes 6 months after completing the program. Staff asked graduates to complete a 10- or 15-question behavior checklist that was identical to the entry and exit…

Koszewski, Wanda; Sehi, Natalie; Behrends, Donnia; Tuttle, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

291

The Graduate Attributes We've Overlooked: Enhancing Graduate Employability through Career Management Skills  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent shifts in education and labour market policy have resulted in universities being placed under increasing pressure to produce employable graduates. However, contention exists regarding exactly what constitutes employability and which graduate attributes are required to foster employability in tertiary students. This paper argues that in the…

Bridgstock, Ruth

2009-01-01

292

75 FR 19167 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-41; Introduction  

Science.gov (United States)

...in this Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-41. A companion...or more in order to promote economy and efficiency in Federal procurement...agreement is likely to promote economy and efficiency in the performance...Division. Federal Acquisition Circular Federal Acquisition...

2010-04-13

293

Testing Federal Student-Aid Fungibility in Two Competing Versions of Federalism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Used 23 years of federal, state, and institutional student-aid data to investigate the effects of federal grants to students on the behavior of higher education institutions. Pell grants, exemplifying "redivision federalism," appear highly fungible and inversely related to institutional grants to students, while campus-based federal programs,…

Oberg, Jon H.

1997-01-01

294

Businesses and Federal Goverment Agencies  

Science.gov (United States)

How does the government regualte businesses in America? What are some of the organizations that you know of that regulate businesses? As you complete the questions below, fill out the Pros and Cons of each Federal Organization on the handout that was given to you earlier. The link for the handout is at the bottom. 1. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)- Look at this organization called the Securities and Exchange Commission. By reading the introduction ...

mac0020

2010-11-03

295

Scholarships for Scientific Initiation Encourage Post-Graduation Degree  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Este estudo objetivou avaliar os fatores associados com a decisão de estudantes de Odontologia em participar de um programa de pósgraduação acadêmica. Um estudo transversal foi conduzido em 2012, com estudantes do último ano do curso de Odontologia do Sul do Brasil. Foi aplicado um questionário fech [...] ado composto por três diferentes blocos: período prévio à graduação, período da graduação e perspectivas futuras. O desfecho deste trabalho foi definido como a decisão de buscar uma pós-graduação acadêmica. As associações foram testadas com o teste de Qui-quadrado e de Qui-quadrado de tendência linear, quando apropriado. Além disso, foi feita a regressão multivariada de Poisson. A amostra foi composta por 671 estudantes (taxa de resposta de 69,9%, n=467). Em relação às perspectivas futuras, 68% dos estudantes entrevistados pretendem ingressar em um curso de pós-graduação, mas somente 17,5% escolheriam um programa com pós-graduação acadêmica e pesquisa (Programas de Mestrado e Doutorado). No modelo final, estudantes de universidades públicas (RP 2,08, 95% CI 1,41-3,08) e estudantes que receberam bolsa de iniciação científica (RP 1,93 95% CI 1,14-3,27) apresentaram prevalência duas vezes maior na busca de pós-graduação acadêmica. Estudantes de famílias com renda alta mostraram menor prevalência na busca destes cursos (RP 0,50, 95%IC 0,28-0,90). Desta forma, bolsas parecem incentivar os alunos de graduação na busca por pós-graduação stricto sensu. Abstract in english This study aimed to evaluate the factors associated with the decision to attend an academic post-graduation program by dental students. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012, last-year undergraduate students from Dental Schools of Southern Brazil. A closed questionnaire was applied including [...] questions grouped in three different blocks: pre-graduate, undergraduate period and future perspectives. The outcome was the decision to pursuit an academic post-graduation degree. Associations were tested using chi-squared test and chi-squared test for linear trends when appropriate. Multivariate Poisson regression was also performed. The sample was composed by 671 students (response rate of 69.9%, n=467). In relation to future perspectives, 68% of the interviewed students intended to attend a post-graduation program, but only 17.5% would choose a program with academic and research post-graduation program (Master and PhD programs). In the final model, students from public universities (PR 2.08, 95%CI 1.41-3.08) and students that received scientific initiation scholarship (PR 1.93 95%CI 1.14-3.27) presented a twice greater prevalence to seek academic post-graduate programs. Students with higher family incomes showed a lower prevalence to seek these programs (PR 0.50, 95%IC 0.28-0.90). Scholarships seem to encourage undergraduate students to pursue stricto sensu post-graduation.

Gabriela S., Pinto; Gustavo G., Nascimento; Matheus S., Mendes; Fabrício A., Ogliari; Flávio F., Demarco; Marcos B., Correa.

2014-01-01

296

Perceptions of desirable graduate competencies for science and technology new graduates  

Science.gov (United States)

Work-integrated learning (WIL) programmes that combine on-campus classroom-based study with off-campus authentic work experience are a growing area of interest internationally. Despite widespread practice of WIL, there are few reports that shed light on appropriate pedagogies for the work experience in particular. As with any form of education, providers hold certain views as to desirable outcomes in terms of graduate profiles and of desirable graduate competencies. A complication for multi-party WIL programmes is that educational stakeholders (e.g., staff working in tertiary education provider institutions and employers) may hold different views as to desirable graduate competencies. Here we argue that an understanding of stakeholder views of desirable graduate competencies is an essential prerequisite of pedagogical design. The research reported here is an intrinsic case study and comprised an investigation of perceptions of 24 desirable graduate competencies for new science and technology graduates entering the workforce both today, and in ten years’ time. Stakeholders for four sector stakeholder groups (n = 458): undergraduate students (n = 71), recent graduates (n = 143), employers of graduates (n = 172), and faculty (n = 72), were surveyed using a previously reported and validated instrument. The research findings suggest that science and technology stakeholders see all 24 competencies as desirable, and see the importance of all skills and some skills in particular as likely to increase in ten years’ time. Despite emphasis on cognitive and technical skills (often termed ‘hard’ skills), the single most desirable skill is ability and willingness to learn, a behavioural skill (often termed ‘soft’ skills). It is proposed that classroom-based instruction is unlikely to produce graduates with the desired skills, and that work-integrated learning may have a role to play in the development of graduate competencies.

Coll, Richard K.; Zegwaard, Karsten E.

2006-05-01

297

Energy prices, equalization and federalism  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A rise in oil prices over the last 30 years has shaped the debate on the equalization formula as well as the nature of fiscal federalism. The oil shocks of 1973 and 1979 contributed to the creation of the National Energy Program (NEP) in 1980 and the Energy Pricing and Taxation Agreement (EPTA) between Ottawa and Alberta in 1981. The current surge in oil prices, to recent highs of $70 a barrel has resulted in a new debate on energy pricing, equalization and fiscal frameworks. This article presented a review of the history of oil and federalism, and proposed a remedy to the horizontal fiscal imbalance by allocating the fixed equalization pool in accordance with fiscal capacity disparities relating to non-resource revenues. An interprovincial revenue-sharing pool was suggested for resource revenues, agreed to and operated by the provinces. It was suggested that after the price spike in 1973 in which the price of oil tripled, a key part of the rationale for imposing export taxes on oil equal to the difference between domestic and world prices was that the federal government could subsidize oil imports into eastern Canada and maintain a uniform domestic price across the country. By continuing to subsidize imports and maintaining a domestic price below the world price, the government has been diverting potential energy revenues from energy-rich provinces and transferring them directly to Canadians in terms of subsidized energy prices. It was noted that energy price surges cannot send equalization payments soaring as they did before because of the 2004 Framework Agreement, in which the overall equalization will be increased to $10.9 billion. A 2-tier approach to equalization was presented, in which it was suggested that the $10.9 billion pool should be allocated with fiscal capacity disparities relating to non-resource revenues. The creation of a revenue sharing pool for resource revenues was recommended. It was suggested that the 2 approaches will result in a strategic initiative orchestrated by the provinces to allow them to increase their ability to manoeuvre in the federation, and resolve the underlying issue of satisfying the constitutional commitment that all Canadians should have access to comparable public services. It was concluded that a failure to come to terms with societal values could mean that the current energy price surge might have dramatic ramifications for the evolution of the federation. 1 fig.

Courchene, T.J. [Queen' s Univ., Kingston, ON (Canada). School of Policy Studies

2005-10-01

298

2007 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules : 2007 General Rate Schedule Provisions.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This schedule is available for the contract purchase of Firm Power to be used within the Pacific Northwest (PNW). Priority Firm (PF) Power may be purchased by public bodies, cooperatives, and Federal agencies for resale to ultimate consumers, for direct consumption, and for Construction, Test and Start-Up, and Station Service. Rates in this schedule are in effect beginning October 1, 2006, and apply to purchases under requirements Firm Power sales contracts for a three-year period. The Slice Product is only available for public bodies and cooperatives who have signed Slice contracts for the FY 2002-2011 period. Utilities participating in the Residential Exchange Program (REP) under Section 5(c) of the Northwest Power Act may purchase Priority Firm Power pursuant to the Residential Exchange Program. Rates under contracts that contain charges that escalate based on BPA's Priority Firm Power rates shall be based on the three-year rates listed in this rate schedule in addition to applicable transmission charges. This rate schedule supersedes the PF-02 rate schedule, which went into effect October 1, 2001. Sales under the PF-07 rate schedule are subject to BPA's 2007 General Rate Schedule Provisions (2007 GRSPs). Products available under this rate schedule are defined in the 2007 GRSPs. For sales under this rate schedule, bills shall be rendered and payments due pursuant to BPA's 2007 GRSPs and billing process.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2006-11-01

299

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 205 - Federal Enforcement Agencies  

Science.gov (United States)

... FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...located. Federal Credit Unions Division of Consumer Affairs, National Credit Union Administration, 1775 Duke...not covered above Federal Trade Commission, Electronic...

2010-01-01

300

12 CFR Appendix I to Part 226 - Federal Enforcement Agencies  

Science.gov (United States)

...SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...located. Federal Credit Unions Regional office of the National Credit Union Administration serving...which the Federal credit union is located. Air Carriers...Consumer Protection, Federal Trade Commission,...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

12 CFR 541.18 - Interim Federal savings association.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 false Interim Federal savings association. 541.18 Section 541.18 Banks...REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.18 Interim Federal savings association. The term interim Federal...

2010-01-01

302

Promoting cooperative federalism through state shared savings.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Affordable Care Act is transforming American federalism and creating strain between the states and the federal government. By expanding the scale of intergovernmental health programs, creating new state requirements, and setting the stage for increased federal fiscal oversight, the act has disturbed an uneasy truce in American federalism. This article outlines a policy proposal designed to harness cooperative federalism, based on the shared state and federal desire to control health care cost growth. The proposal, which borrows features of the Medicare Shared Savings Program, would provide states with an incentive in the form of an increased share of the savings they generate in programs that have federal financial participation, as long as they meet defined performance standards. PMID:23884699

Weil, Alan

2013-08-01

303

Testing an Academic Library Website for Usability with Faculty and Graduate Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives – This usability study was developed to observe faculty and graduate students’ reactions to a recent redesign of the University of Kansas (KU Libraries’ website. The redesign included new navigational features, introduction of a federated search tool, a quick search box on the front page, and research subject pages. The study also provided the opportunity to observe the practices of faculty and graduate students in locating and retrieving information on the Libraries’ website.Methods – Ten participants (five faculty and five graduate students representing diverse disciplines were solicited for the study. Participants were required to access the Libraries’ website to answer a series of questions regarding new and updated features of the website. Observational analysis using Morae™ software was conducted and interviews with each participant provided details of their opinions on how these new features would influence their research and teaching activities.Results – Most of the participants either did not notice or ignored the major website changes. Links to and locations of commonly used resources (e.g. catalogue; databases; e?journals had been changed minimally, and the faculty and graduate student participants gravitated to those familiar features to complete tasks. Prior to the study, participants had not accessed the new discovery tools; however, once previewed, responses to the tools’ utility were generally favourable. After using the federated search tool on a familiar topic, several participants noted that, when directed to databases they had not previously considered, they were able to locate citations they had missed in the past. Observers noted pitfalls in navigating the site such as inconsistent underscoring of links, ambiguous terminology, and unclear icons meant to expand subject heading lists. Unexpected searching behaviours were observed, including inconsistent and lack of conceptual understanding in searching for e?journal content.Conclusions – This study provides evidence regarding the usability of a library website with a population already familiar with library resources. It demonstrated that faculty and graduate students are not interested in experimenting with new discovery tools but are amenable to their potential value to undergraduate students. The recent trend toward minimizing content and links on websites satisfies this population, one which is already comfortable with the basic attributes of a library’s website.

Monica Claassen?Wilson

2009-12-01

304

Innovative Rates Program. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Title II of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) as amended by the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) provided financial assistance to state utility regulatory commissions, nonregulated electric utilities, and the Tennessee Valley Authority through the Innovative Rates Program. The financial assistance was to be used to plan or carry out electric utility regulatory rate reform initiatives relating to innovative rate structures that encourage conservation of energy, electric utility efficiency and reduced costs, and equitable rates to consumers. The Federal and local objectives of the project are described. Activities planned and accomplishments are summarized for the following: project management, data collection, utility bill evaluation, billing enclosure/mailing evaluation, media program evaluation, display evaluation, rate study sessions evaluation, speakers bureau evaluation, and individual customer contacts. A timetable/milestone chart and financial information are included. (MHR)

1982-06-21

305

Personality Traits: Business versus Technical Graduates  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Effective interactions depend largely on personality traits, which is a consistent and long-lasting tendency in behavior. In psychology, five major trait factors (Big Five personality traits have been generally used to assess personality of people. The study highlights the practicality of importance-performance analysis as a means to assessing the importance of personality traits dimension that should be possessed by Malaysian graduates. The importance-performance analysis is used to evaluate the gap in personality traits possessed by Business and Technical Graduates. The study is carried out in two phases: Phase 1 which involves a focus group session and Phase 2 which focus on establishing a questionnaire appropriate to the study across a diverse range of industries. The questionnaires were distributed to managers selected from a sampling frame. Graduates’ personality attributes are analysed in terms of big five personality traits which include openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness and emotional stability traits. The findings of this study suggest that Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia should target improvements on a specific personality development component pertaining to openness and extroversion personality for business management graduates, and conscientiousness personality for technical graduates as part of the curriculum development strategies of these Higher Education Institutions.

Nurazariah Abidin

2012-01-01

306

Notifiable events in systems for fission of nuclear fuels - nuclear power plants and research reactors whose maximum output exceeds 50 kW of thermal rating - in the Federal Republic of Germany. Quarterly report on the 1st quarter of 1995  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The report presents the survey of notifiable events in nuclear power plants and research reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany that occurred in the given reporting period. The survey lists notifiable events both according to the German classification system of safety significance, S (immediate notification), E (prompt notification), as well as events classified under the INES system (level 1 and higher), and notifiable events that have been re-classified after review. (orig.)

307

Notifiable events in systems for fission of nuclear fuels - nuclear power plants and research reactors whose maximum output exceeds 50 kW of thermal rating - in the Federal Republic of Germany. Quarterly report on the 2nd quarter of 1995  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The report presents the survey of notifiable events in nuclear power plants and research reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany that occurred in the given reporting period. The survey lists notifiable events both according to the German classification system of safety significance, S (immediate notification), E (prompt notification), as well as events classified under the INES system, (level 1 and higher), and notifiable events that have been re-classified after review. (orig.)

308

Growth Rate  

Science.gov (United States)

This lesson from Illuminations uses growth charts for girls and boys to examine rates of change. The material uses slope to approximate the rate of change in height. Students will learn how to translate this data into a graph. The lesson is appropriate for grades 9-12 and should require 1 class period to complete.

2011-01-14

309

Interoperability between Heterogeneous Federation Architectures: Illustration with SAML and WS-Federation  

CERN Document Server

Digital identity management intra and inter information systems, and, service oriented architectures, are the roots of identity federation. This kind of security architectures aims at enabling information system interoperability. Existing architectures, however, do not consider interoperability of heterogeneous federation architectures, which rely on different federation protocols.In this paper, we try to initiate an in-depth reflection on this issue, through the comparison of two main federation architecture specifications: SAML and WS-Federation. We firstly propose an overall outline of identity federation. We furthermore address the issue of interoperability for federation architectures using a different federation protocol. Afterwards, we compare SAML and WS-Federation. Eventually, we define the ways of convergence, and therefore, of interoperability.

Ates, Mikaël; Lardon, Jérémy; Fayolle, Jacques; Sauviac, B; 10.1109/SITIS.2007.148

2008-01-01

310

Training graduate students to be teachers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Pedagogic education of graduate students, when and where it exists, is restricted to theoretical courses or to the participation of the students as teachers' assistants. This model is essentially reproductive and offers few opportunities for any significant curriculum innovation. To open an opportun [...] ity for novelty we have introduced a new approach in "Biochemistry Teaching", a course included in the Biochemistry Graduate Program of the Biochemistry Department (Universidade Estadual de Campinas and Universidade de São Paulo). The content of the course consists of a) choosing the theme, b) selecting and organizing the topics, c) preparing written material, d) establishing the methodological strategies, e) planning the evaluation tools and, finally, f) as teachers, conducting the course as an optional summer course for undergraduate students. During the first semester the graduate students establish general and specific educational objectives, select and organize contents, decide on the instructional strategies and plan evaluation tools. The contents are explored using a wide range of strategies, which include computer-aided instruction, laboratory classes, small group teaching, a few lectures and round table discussions. The graduate students also organize printed class notes to be used by the undergraduate students. Finally, as a group, they teach the summer course. In the three versions already developed, the themes chosen were Biochemistry of Exercise (UNICAMP), Biochemistry of Nutrition (UNICAMP) and Molecular Biology of Plants (USP). In all cases the number of registrations greatly exceeded the number of places and a selection had to be made. The evaluation of the experience by both graduate and undergraduate students was very positive. Graduate students considered this experience to be unique and recommended it to their schoolmates; the undergraduate students benefited from a more flexible curriculum (more options) and gave very high scores to both the courses and the teachers.

D.V., de-Macedo; E., de-Paula; B.B., Torres.

1457-14-01

311

Federal Facility Agreement progress report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The (SRS) Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) was made effective by the US. Environmental Protection Agency Region IV (EPA) on August 16, 1993. To meet the reporting requirements in Section XXV of the Agreement, the FFA Progress Report was developed. The FFA Progress Report is the first of a series of quarterly progress reports to be prepared by the SRS. As such this report describes the information and action taken to September 30, 1993 on the SRS units identified for investigation and remediation in the Agreement. This includes; rubble pits, runoff basins, retention basin, seepage basin, burning pits, H-Area Tank 16, and spill areas.

1993-10-01

312

Federal Facility Agreement progress report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The (SRS) Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) was made effective by the US. Environmental Protection Agency Region IV (EPA) on August 16, 1993. To meet the reporting requirements in Section XXV of the Agreement, the FFA Progress Report was developed. The FFA Progress Report is the first of a series of quarterly progress reports to be prepared by the SRS. As such this report describes the information and action taken to September 30, 1993 on the SRS units identified for investigation and remediation in the Agreement. This includes; rubble pits, runoff basins, retention basin, seepage basin, burning pits, H-Area Tank 16, and spill areas

313

Federation of International Trade Associations  

Science.gov (United States)

Featuring an annotated index of more than 2,500 world trade Websites, the Federation of International Trade Associations (FITA) homepage houses a wealth of resources for members and non-members of this organization. The FITA Website hosts a marketing database consisting of Export and Protocol reviews of over 80 countries, job postings, and a searchable database of international trade-related conferences and seminars. In conjunction with the "international trade webcast network" How to Conquer the World, FITA also includes a wide array of indexed and annotated interviews with leading international trade professionals, available in RealAudio format.

314

Federal Communications Commission: For Consumers  

Science.gov (United States)

The Federal Communications Commission offers this informative page "about the issues the FCC oversees." The site is divided into six sections including Wireless, Internet, Radio, Satellite, Telephone, and Television & Cable. At first glance little information is contained in each section -- only a few frequently asked questions and their answers are given. However, a link at the bottom of each page directs users to a much more impressive repository of facts, policy issues, and general discussions. Some of the more interesting and useful tidbits are wireless local number portability for mobile phones, telephone scams, and digital television service.

315

FY 2001 Federal Budget Publications  

Science.gov (United States)

The Office of Management and Budget has created this searchable database of FY 2001 budget publications, including Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2001, Analytical Perspectives, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2001, A Citizen's Guide to the Federal Budget, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2001, and The Economic Report of the President among others. The site provides searching tips, as well as pithy descriptions of the publications. All listed publications may be downloaded directly from the site in .pdf format.

316

The Cost of Obesity in the Federal Republic of Germany  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present paper represents a cost-of-illness analysis and describes, by calculation of the total cost, the health economic impact caused by obesity and its associated diseases in the Federal Republic of Germany within one reference year. A total cost of Euro 13.007 billion based on a discount rate of 4%, and costs amounting to 12.754 billion based on a discount rate of 6%, were calculated for obesity and 11 diseases identified as significantly associated with obesity. Direct costs accounte...

Knoll, Klaus-peter

2010-01-01

317

Medical graduates feel well-prepared for clinical work  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the coherence between the undergraduate medical program at Aarhus University and the foundation year. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional questionnaire survey included 503 doctors graduated from Aarhus University from the winter of 2007/2008 to the summer of 2009. RESULTS: The response rate was 73%. Approximately 73% of the respondents were in their foundation year or their first year of specialist training and 83% generally felt well-prepared. Respondents found that most of the learning outcomes of the undergraduate medical curriculum at Aarhus University are important for junior doctors. More than 90% of the respondents estimated that they were sufficiently prepared when it came to core outcomes such as history taking and physical examination. Five issues diverged considerably in importance stated and preparedness experienced: suggestion of diagnoses, initiation of treatment, pharmacotherapy, handling of own emotions and structuring of own learning. Also, 40% stated that their clerkships had only had little value in preparing them for their foundation year. CONCLUSION: Overall, graduates felt well-prepared and characterized the education coherent. However, the study raises major questions concerning clerkships and competence in treatments, pharmacotherapy and the more personal aspects of professionalism.

MØrcke, Anne Mette; Nielsen, Dorte Guldbrand

2011-01-01

318

71 FR 1531 - Sam Rayburn Dam Power Rate Schedule  

Science.gov (United States)

...The 2005 Rayburn Power Repayment Studies indicates...Administrator, Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern...Federal Regulations, ``Procedures for Public Participation in Power and Transmission Rate...Angley, Counsellors at Law, on behalf of...

2006-01-10

319

72 FR 54652 - Sam Rayburn Dam Power Rate Schedule  

Science.gov (United States)

...The 2007 Rayburn Power Repayment Studies indicates...Administrator, Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern...Federal Regulations, ``Procedures for Public Participation in Power and Transmission Rate...LLP, Counsellors at Law, on behalf of...

2007-09-26

320

73 FR 79877 - Sam Rayburn Dam Power Rate Schedule  

Science.gov (United States)

...The 2008 Rayburn Power Repayment Studies indicate...Administrator, Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern...Federal Regulations, ``Procedures for Public Participation in Power and Transmission Rate...LLP, Counsellors at Law, on behalf of...

2008-12-30

 
 
 
 
321

Smoking reduction activities in a federal program to reduce infant mortality among high risk women  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVES—To determine the smoking cessation/reduction services offered to pregnant women by federally funded Healthy Start projects designed to reduce infant mortality.?DESIGN—Information was obtained by questionnaires sent to all Healthy Start projects in 1999. Responses were received from 76 sites.?SETTING—The federal government selected the Healthy Start sites on the basis of infant mortality rates that were much in excess of the national average.?PATIENTS—The projects se...

Klerman, L.; Spivey, C.; Raykovich, K.

2000-01-01

322

Gender discrimination in the Australian graduate labour market  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper examines gender discrimination in the Australian graduate labour market, using data from the Graduate Destination Surveys 1999-2009. A framework of analysis provided by the overeducation/required education/undereducation literature is applied. A smaller gender wage gap is found for university graduates than that reported for all workers in earlier studies. It is shown, however, that the gender wage gap widens with the age at graduation. This pattern is argued to reflect the influen...

Li, Ian W.; Miller, Paul W.

2012-01-01

323

Newly graduated critical care nurses perception of their professional competence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: The work in a critical care unit is posing great demands on the newly graduated critical care nurses competence. During the first episode in the profession a process of socialization occurs, where the newly graduated acquire the knowledge and skills needed in the profession. The newly graduated critical care nurses competence is not considered to meet the caregiver’s demands. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the newly graduated critical care nurses perceptions ...

Dahlberg, Emelia; Larsson, Maria

2012-01-01

324

Open and Distance Education Systems: do they enhance Graduates' Soft Skills? The results from 2009 Universitas Terbuka Tracer Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The vision and mission of Universitas Terbuka (UT is to become a highly qualified open and distance education institution and to provide higher education access to all communities. Graduates of UT are expected to acquire adequate knowledge, hard skills and soft skills. Soft skills play important roles in the world of work. The aim of this article is to describe: (1 whether the open and distance education systems are capable of providing graduates with soft skills, (2 how soft skills are acquired during the period of study, and (3 how are the range of soft skills acquired by graduates and required by stakeholders at work. This article uses 2009 UT tracer study, which employed survey and in-depth interviews to selected respondents and stakeholders. 2.417 pairs data (graduates and stakeholders were analysed. The rating scales were from 1 (very poor to 4 (excellent. The attributes analysed were personal, interpersonal and situational skills. The results show that learning systems that are based on individual learning and tutorial did provide graduates with soft skills. Graduates and stakeholders perceived interpersonal skills as fair. In general, soft skills required at work were time management, self-confidence, problem solving, creativity and team-work.

Dewi Juliah Ratnaningsih

2013-11-01

325

Representation and redistribution in federations  

Science.gov (United States)

Many of the world's most populous democracies are political unions composed of states or provinces that are unequally represented in the national legislature. Scattered empirical studies, most of them focusing on the United States, have discovered that overrepresented states appear to receive larger shares of the national budget. Although this relationship is typically attributed to bargaining advantages associated with greater legislative representation, an important threat to empirical identification stems from the fact that the representation scheme was chosen by the provinces. Thus, it is possible that representation and fiscal transfers are both determined by other characteristics of the provinces in a specific country. To obtain an improved estimate of the relationship between representation and redistribution, we collect and analyze provincial-level data from nine federations over several decades, taking advantage of the historical process through which federations formed and expanded. Controlling for a variety of country- and province-level factors and using a variety of estimation techniques, we show that overrepresented provinces in political unions around the world are rather dramatically favored in the distribution of resources. PMID:21555553

Dragu, Tiberiu; Rodden, Jonathan

2011-01-01

326

Hemoglobinopatias no Distrito Federal, Brasil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Em uma amostra de 3137 pessoas, residentes no Distrito Federal, foram detectadas as seguintes hemoglobinas: em 3009(95,92%) HbAA; em 91 (2,90%) HbAS; em 20(0,64%) HbAC; em 8 (0,26%) talassemia beta minor; em 5(0,16%) HbAJ alfa; em 3 (0,09%) HbAM e em 1 (0,03%) talassemia major associada com HbAS. A [...] HbAS têm as seguintes freqüências, quanto ao grupo racial: branco - 1,84%; mulato claro 2,55%; mulato médio-3,68%; mulato escuro - 6,80%; negro -10,43% e mestiço de índio -3,85%. Abstract in english The hemoglobins of 3137 persons from the Federal District, Brazil was studied. The identified types of hemoglobins were: HbAA (3009 - 95,92%); HbAS (91 - 2,90%); HbAC (20 - 0,64%) beta thalassemia minor (8 - 0,26%); HbAJ alpha (5 - 0,16%); HbAM (3 - 0,09%) and beta thalassemia major/HbS (1 - 0,03%). [...] The frequencies of sickle cell trait (HbAS) of each racial class were: white (1,84%); light mulatto (2,55%); medium mulatto (3,68%); dark mulatto(6,80%), negro (10,43%)and indian mestizo (3,85%).

J., Tavares-Neto; Paulo C., Naoum; José, Adorno; Paula, Azevêdo; Fátima, Brito; Márcia, Caldas; Márcia, Couto; Karina, Costa; Cláudio, Martinelli; Alberto, Gonzalez; Anna, Assad; Luciana, Mortoza; Fábio, Reis; M.M.C., Silva; Paulo, Silva; Marta, Vieira.

1986-03-01

327

Hemoglobinopatias no Distrito Federal, Brasil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Em uma amostra de 3137 pessoas, residentes no Distrito Federal, foram detectadas as seguintes hemoglobinas: em 3009(95,92% HbAA; em 91 (2,90% HbAS; em 20(0,64% HbAC; em 8 (0,26% talassemia beta minor; em 5(0,16% HbAJ alfa; em 3 (0,09% HbAM e em 1 (0,03% talassemia major associada com HbAS. A HbAS têm as seguintes freqüências, quanto ao grupo racial: branco - 1,84%; mulato claro 2,55%; mulato médio-3,68%; mulato escuro - 6,80%; negro -10,43% e mestiço de índio -3,85%.The hemoglobins of 3137 persons from the Federal District, Brazil was studied. The identified types of hemoglobins were: HbAA (3009 - 95,92%; HbAS (91 - 2,90%; HbAC (20 - 0,64% beta thalassemia minor (8 - 0,26%; HbAJ alpha (5 - 0,16%; HbAM (3 - 0,09% and beta thalassemia major/HbS (1 - 0,03%. The frequencies of sickle cell trait (HbAS of each racial class were: white (1,84%; light mulatto (2,55%; medium mulatto (3,68%; dark mulatto(6,80%, negro (10,43%and indian mestizo (3,85%.

J. Tavares-Neto

1986-03-01

328

Federal Register document image database  

Science.gov (United States)

A new, fully-automated process has been developed at NIST to derive ground truth for document images. The method involves matching optical character recognition (OCR) results from a page with typesetting files for an entire book. Public domain software used to derive the ground truth is provided in the form of Perl scripts and C source code, and includes new, more efficient string alignment technology and a word- level scoring package. With this ground truthing technology, it is now feasible to produce much larger data sets, at much lower cost, than was ever possible with previous labor- intensive, manual data collection projects. Using this method, NIST has produced a new document image database for evaluating Document Analysis and Recognition technologies and Information Retrieval systems. The database produced contains scanned images, SGML-tagged ground truth text, commercial OCR results, and image quality assessment results for pages published in the 1994 Federal Register. These data files are useful in a wide variety of experiments and research. There were roughly 250 issues, comprised of nearly 69,000 pages, published in the Federal Register in 1994. This volume of the database contains the pages of 20 books published in January of that year. In all, there are 4711 page images provided, with 4519 of them having corresponding ground truth. This volume is distributed on two ISO-9660 CD- ROMs. Future volumes may be released, depending on the level of interest.

Garris, Michael D.; Janet, Stanley A.; Klein, William W.

1999-01-01

329

Autochthonous visceral leishmaniasis in Brasília, Federal District, Brazil / Leishmaniose visceral autóctone em Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brasil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: A leishmaniose visceral é uma ameaça para a saúde pública no Brasil, considerando a elevada taxa de letalidade e a sua dispersão geográfica para grandes conglomerados urbanos durante os últimos 25 anos. Este trabalho teve como objetivo confirmar a suspeita de autoctonia de casos de leish [...] maniose visceral notificados de 2005 até 2009 em moradores de Brasília, Distrito Federal. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado em 2009 um estudo retrospectivo dos dados da vigilância obtidos na rotina e dos registros clínicos dos casos humanos notificados. RESULTADOS: Os dados dos inquéritos canino e entomológico revelaram a presença de Lutzomyia longipalpis e de cães com sorologia positiva para Leishmania na vizinhança onde ocorreram 19 dos 21 casos humanos desde 2005. A revisão das fichas de notificação e prontuários dos pacientes, em conjunto com os dados dos inquéritos canino e entomológico permitiram a comprovação da autoctonia de 21 casos humanos no Distrito Federal. A doença afetou predominantemente crianças (12/21), da região de Sobradinho (16/21), com quadro típico de febre, hepatoesplenomegalia e pancitopenia em 67% dos casos. Houve três óbitos no período. Houve sucesso no isolamento de Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi de um caso humano e de doze casos caninos. CONCLUSÕES: A leishmaniose visceral deve ser considerada endêmica em Brasília, considerando o comportamento epidemiológico aqui descrito e a confirmação da autoctonia dos casos humanos. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Visceral leishmaniasis is a public health threat in Brazil considering the high lethality rates and increasing geographical dispersion to large urban conglomerates over the past 25 years. This study aimed to confirm suspected autochthonous cases of visceral leishmaniasis reported from [...] 2005 to 2009 among individuals living in Brasilia, Federal District. METHODS: A retrospective review of the surveillance data obtained on a regular basis and clinical records of the reported cases were performed in 2009. RESULTS: Data from entomological and canine surveys revealed the presence of both Lutzomyia longipalpis and positive serology for Leishmania in dogs within 19 of the 21 neighborhoods where human cases occurred since 2005. The review of surveillance data and medical records, together with the entomological and canine survey data, permitted confirmation of 21 autochthonous human cases in the Federal District. The disease predominantly affected children (12/21) and those from the Sobradinho region (16/21); the typical presentation of fever, hepatosplenomegaly and pancytopenia was observed in 67% of cases. Three deaths occurred during the study period. Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi was successfully isolated from one human case and twelve canine cases. CONCLUSIONS: Visceral leishmaniasis should be considered endemic in Brasilia based on the documented epidemiological behavior herein described and the confirmed autochthony of human cases.

César Omar, Carranza-Tamayo; Maria do Socorro Laurentino de, Carvalho; Angelika, Bredt; Maria Isabel Rao, Bofil; Rodrigo Menna Barreto, Rodrigues; Ailton Domício da, Silva; Sandra Maria Felipe Coelho, Cortez; Gustavo Adolfo Sierra, Romero.

2010-08-01

330

Standing out from the Crowd: Personalization of Graduate Attire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tallied graduating college students (N=1,843) who displayed personal adornment in addition to their traditional academic garb. Found that degree conferred, sex of recipient, and year of graduation were related to the frequency and forms (political and nonpolitical) of adornment. Indicated that personalization of graduation attire followed patterns…

Harrison, Albert A.; And Others

1986-01-01

331

Global Management Education Graduate Survey, 2011. Survey Report  

Science.gov (United States)

Each year for the past 12 years, the Graduate Management Admission Council[R] (GMAC[R]) has conducted a survey of graduate management education students in their final year of business school. This Global Management Education Graduate Survey is distributed to students at participating business schools. The survey allows students to express their…

Schoenfeld, Gregg

2011-01-01

332

2012 Global Management Education Graduate Survey. Survey Report  

Science.gov (United States)

Each year for the past 13 years, the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC) has conducted a survey of graduate management education students in their final year of business school. The Global Management Education Graduate Survey is distributed to students at participating schools. The survey allows students to express their opinions about…

Leach, Laura

2012-01-01

333

Problems in Employment Trend of Higher Vocational Graduates and Countermeasures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Based on analyzing the regional character of higher vocational graduates employment, this paper analyzes the reasons for this employment trend, advances relevant countermeasures for employment of higher vocational graduates, and explores the direction for higher vocational graduates employment.

Jianhua Tan

2011-05-01

334

Monetary Rewards and Competences of Young European Graduates  

Science.gov (United States)

We use data from a sample of European higher education graduates at early stages of their working careers to provide evidence on the determinants of the human capital competences (talents, skills and capabilities) acquired by young graduates in Education and of those required by the jobs they perform. More than 36,000 graduates holding a first…

Mora, Jose-Gines; Garcia-Aracil, Adela; Carot, Jose-Miguel; Vila, Luis E.

2006-01-01

335

2006-2008 Studies on the Employability of UKM Graduates  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses the employability of UKM graduates in the job market from 2006-2008. Studies showed that the employability varied from discipline to discipline with the dentistry and medical graduates leading the pack. In recent years UKM graduates have made inroads into GLC's, a positive development indeed. (Contains 2 tables.)

Omar, Ramli; Khoon, Koh Aik; Hamzah, Mohd Fauzi; Ahmadan, Siti Rohayu

2009-01-01

336

Graduates', University Lecturers' and Employers' Perceptions towards Employability Skills  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore employability skills that employers, university lecturers and graduates value to bring to the workplace, when graduates are applying for entry-level graduate jobs in the field of computer science in Sri Lanka. Design/methodology/approach: A total of three samples were selected for this exploratory…

Wickramasinghe, Vathsala; Perera, Lasantha

2010-01-01

337

Confidence in dental care and public health competency during rural practice among new dental graduates in Thailand  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective The dental profession has played an important role in the development of the health system in Thailand. However, it is not known if dental graduates’ standards of knowledge, skills, and capabilities are fulfilling the health needs of Thais. This study aimed to assess the level of confidence in dental public health competency among final-year dental students who graduated in 2013. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 571 new dental graduates who participated in an official meeting arranged by the Ministry of Public Health in 2013. Self-administered questionnaires were used for collecting data on their confidence levels in selected public-health competencies. Of the total graduates, 72.5% anonymously responded to the questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistics, factor analysis, and stepwise regression were applied for data analysis. Results The majority of respondents expressed confidence in their ability to care for patients, but less confidence in public-health and administration competencies. The results also show that there was no significant association between demographic and educational profiles of respondents and confidence in their clinical competency. However, significantly more students who graduated from schools located outside Bangkok and vicinity rated themselves as competent in public health (coefficient = 0.333, P=0.021). Conclusion New dentists who graduated from dental schools in Bangkok and vicinity had lower levels of confidence in their public-health competencies compared to those who graduated from dental schools outside Bangkok. Thus, working in rural areas after graduation could help new dentists gain more experience in rural practice, leading to higher confidence levels. The findings from this study could contribute to the improvement of the dental curriculum and contract-bonding policy to work in rural areas.

Wisaijohn, Thunthita; Suphanchaimat, Rapeepong; Topothai, Thitikorn; Seneerattanaprayul, Parinda; Pudpong, Nareerut; Putthasri, Weerasak

2015-01-01

338

Ethno-federalism: Challenges and opportunities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study analyses the role of federalism in solving the national and ethnic conflicts. From this point of view it describes the main types of modern federal state: mononational (e.g. USA, FRG, multiethnic (Switzerland, present-day Russia and multinational forms (former socialist federations, present-day Bosnia-Herzegovina. Hereafter the study outlines the most important views which appeared in the modern political thinking about the role of federalism in solving the national and ethnic conflicts. It refers to the messianistic federalist ideologies, to the French republican tradition, and to the American liberal approach. Furthermore it describes the main characteristics of socialist federations, briefly analyses the causes of their disintegration. Finally the study sums up the most important stabilizing factors of ethno-federations.

Juhász József

2005-01-01

339

2010 Northwest Federal Market Assessment Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The primary intent of this market assessment is to provide insights on the effectiveness of current energy efficiency and renewable energy program offerings available to Federal sites in the region. The level of detail, quality and currency of the data used in this market assessment varies significantly by Federal agency and energy efficiency service provider. Limited access to some Federal sites, limited availability of key points of contact, time/resource constraints, and other considerations limited the total number of Federal agencies and energy efficiency service providers participating in the survey.

Scanlon, Tim; Sandusky, William F.

2011-09-01

340

Classification Revisions Reduce Reported Federal Development Obligations  

Science.gov (United States)

... funds are now classified as applied research. Previously, NIH's applied research obligations had ... apparent increase in Federal (applied) research funding for psychology and the physical sciences ...

 
 
 
 
341

Energy report of the Federal German Government  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In its governmental declaration of May 4th, 1983, the Federal German Government has pointed out how it will safeguard the continuous, economical, and non-polluting supply of energy to the Federal Republic of Germany. By that report the Federal Government strikes a balance of its policy and defines its position with regard to topical questions, especially the peaceful use of nuclear energy. The report comprises four chapters: 1. peaceful use of nuclear energy in the Federal Republic of Germany, 2. Summary statement on energy policy, 3. Current situation in the energy market and long-term perspectives, 4. Points of main emphasis of future energy policy. (orig./UA)

342

Start, Stop, Restart: The Recent History of Federal Funding for Radiochemistry Education  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Over the course of the 2009, Federal Fiscal Year the U.S. Departments of Homeland Security and Defense will introduce university programs designed to provide the U.S. national laboratories with a highly qualified workforce in nuclear forensics. These programs are designed to recruit the best and brightest students, develop universities research and education activities, and to enhance university/laboratory(s) interactions nuclear forensics. The approach will be comprehensive in that it will target undergraduate and graduate students, faculty members and institutions. This will include an undergraduate research program designed to encourage emerging seniors to perform research at designated national laboratories throughout the United States. In addition to the undergraduate program, a nationally competitive graduate fellowship program in nuclear forensics was established in 2008. This program provides a four-year appointment with a monthly stipend, full payment of tuition and fees, the establishment of participating universities, and required post-graduate positions in nuclear forensics. A Nuclear Forensics Education Award program will also be introduced. This broad-based program will have an impact on university programs interested in developing nuclear forensics capabilities. This will include funds for instrumentation and equipment, faculty members, students, and curriculum.

343

Perfectionism and Library Anxiety among Graduate Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the relationship between three dimensions of perfectionism and five dimensions of library anxiety among graduate students. Topics include barriers with library staff; knowledge of the library; mechanical barriers; affective barriers; use of the Library Anxiety Scale and Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale; and Pearson…

Jiao, Qun G.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

1998-01-01

344

Alternative Graduate Program in Science Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Described is a graduate science education program, at the University of Northern Colorado, for elementary teachers and junior high school science teachers in which they can obtain an external degree at the Master's level. Faculty responsibilities, funding, and program evaluation are also discussed. (HM)

Trowbridge, Leslie W.; Dech, James H.

1979-01-01

345

Promoting Social Responsibility in Graduate Psychology Training.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the intentional implementation of a program designed to enhance attitudes of social responsibility in graduate students in clinical psychology. Key factors in developing social responsibility appear to be confrontation with injustice, modeling, and self-efficacy. Teaching goals and methods for facilitating these factors are…

Campbell, Clark D.

346

Apparel Graduate Course Focuses on Global Economy  

Science.gov (United States)

Students at all levels of study must understand the impact and consequences of globalization. Because of technology innovations, integration of world economies through trade and cash flows, and the movement of people from one location to another, the world is becoming flatter. Based on this growing need to study globalization, a graduate course,…

Warnock, Mary M.

2006-01-01

347

Graduate Program Organization in Clinical Veterinary Medicine.  

Science.gov (United States)

Graduate training in clinical veterinary medicine is discussed. The options available to the student and problems that must be dealt with are presented, along with the requirements to accomplish a finely structured program that satisfies the needs of both the trainee and clinical veterinary medicine. (Author/MLW)

Horne, R. D.

1979-01-01

348

Sustained Change: Institutionalizing Interdisciplinary Graduate Education  

Science.gov (United States)

We employ Scott's three pillars of institutions (regulative, normative, and cultural-cognitive) to investigate how higher education organizations change to support interdisciplinary graduate education. Using document analysis and case study approaches, we illustrate how strategies which address both policies and cultural norms are most…

Borrego, Maura; Boden, Daniel; Newswander, Lynita K.

2014-01-01

349

Employing Discourse: Universities and Graduate "Employability"  

Science.gov (United States)

What constitutes graduate employability is discursively framed. In this paper we argue that whilst universities in the UK have long had an involvement in producing useful and productive citizens, the ongoing neoliberalisation of higher education has engendered a discursive shift in definitions of employability. Traditionally, universities regarded…

Boden, Rebecca; Nedeva, Maria

2010-01-01

350

Attitudes Toward Homosexuality among Graduate Counseling Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveyed graduate counseling students regarding attitudes toward homosexuality. Results indicate counseling students feel ill-prepared to deal with homosexual clients, are unsure about the etiology of homosexuality, and that female students respond differently from male students regarding many aspects of homosexuality. (Author)

Thompson, George H.; Fishburn, William R.

1977-01-01

351

Employment Outcomes of Gerontology Certificate Graduates  

Science.gov (United States)

Students desiring specialized skills and knowledge in working with older adults frequently pursue gerontology certificates. This paper reports the results of a study of gerontology certificate graduates which examined their educational backgrounds, their employment status, the predictive factors which led to aging-related jobs, and their…

Adler, Geri

2008-01-01

352

Graduation Coaching in a Rural District School  

Science.gov (United States)

The GEAR UP graduation coach intervention developed by the GEAR UP Learning Centers at Western Michigan University (WMU) addresses the issue of academic failure of at-risk students in high school. This personalized early intervention strategy begins by assessing students' unique circumstances, academic histories, and strengths and weaknesses…

Zeller, Pamela J.; Carpenter, Shelly; Lacefield, Warren E.; Applegate, E. Brooks

2013-01-01

353

Career choices on graduation a study of recent graduates from University College Cork.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Irish dental graduates are eligible to enter general dental practice immediately after qualification. Unlike their United Kingdom counterparts, there is no requirement to undertake vocational training (VT) or any pre-registration training. VT is a mandatory 12-month period for all UK dental graduates who wish to work within the National Health Service. It provides structured, supervised experience in training practices and through organised study days.

McKenna, Gerald

2009-12-01

354

76 FR 74061 - Federal Financial Participation in State Assistance Expenditures; Federal Matching Shares for...  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Federal Financial Participation in State Assistance Expenditures; Federal Matching Shares for Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Program, and Aid to Needy Aged, Blind, or Disabled Persons for October...

2011-11-30

355

75 FR 77721 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-47; Introduction  

Science.gov (United States)

...Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-47; Introduction AGENCIES: Department...Councils) in this Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-47. A companion document...acquisitions, not just those made under the Economy Act authority. A new subsection...

2010-12-13

356

76 FR 22899 - Discontinuance of the Looseleaf Version of the Federal Management Regulation (FMR) and Federal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulation (FMR) and Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) AGENCY...Office of Governmentwide Policy, General Services Administration...Office of Governmentwide Policy (OGP) has determined...FMR) and the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR...Office of Governmentwide Policy, at (202)...

2011-04-25

357

Educational Resources from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco  

Science.gov (United States)

If you're aching for high-quality resources about economics, home lending rates, and the world of economists, this site from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco will be just the tonic you require. Visitors should note that the primary sections of the site include "Student Activities", "Teacher Resources", and "Publications". In the "Student Activities" area visitors can chime in with questions for "Ask Dr. Econ", play the "Great Economists Treasure Hunt", and also visit "FedVille", which offers young people an introduction to the world of the Federal Reserve. Moving on, the "Teachers Resources" area contains curriculum materials, and a personal finance lesson plan and game. The site is rounded out by the "Popular Content" area, which includes an introduction to U.S. monetary policy, information about credit reports, and the Economic Letter, which includes short essays on current topics by economists.

358

Physics Graduate Studentsâ Attitudes and Approaches to Problem Solving  

Science.gov (United States)

Students' attitudes and approaches to problem solving in physics can profoundly inluence their motivation to learn and their development of expertise. We administered an Attitudes and Approaches to Problem Solving (AAPS) survey to physics graduate students and analyzed their responses about problem solving in their own graduate level courses vs. problem solving in introductory physics. The physics graduate students' responses to the survey questions were also compared with those of introductory students and physics faculty. Survey responses suggest that graduate students' attitudes about graduate level problem solving sometimes has similar patterns to introductory-level problem solving by introductory students.

Singh, Chandralekha; Mason, Andrew J.

2010-01-18

359

Federalism in Africa: The Case of Ethnic-based Federalism in Ethiopia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Ethiopia adopted ethnic federalism and restructured the regions along ethnic lines as soon as the EPRDF took political power by overthrowing the Marxist military government in 1991. The aim of this paper is to examine the merits and the demerits of federalism. The paper particularly assesses federalism in Africa by taking the case of Ethiopia as an example. The paper argues that in order to ensure the success of federalism, it should not be imposed from above. Since its introduction in 1991 a...

Jan Záho?ík; Wondwosen Teshome

2008-01-01

360

Austrian federated WLCG tier-2  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: The LHC at CERN in Geneva plans to resume operation and start data acquisition in fall 2009. The High Energy Physics Group at the Austrian Academy of Science and the Astro- and Particle Physics Group at the University of Innsbruck are part of the CMS and the ATLAS experiments. Both experiments have a high demand on computing power and data storage. To allow Austrian scientists to analyze the produced data in 2008 the Austrian Ministry of Science signed the Computing Memorandum of Understanding (C-MoU) which defines the Worldwide LHC computing collaboration and its objectives. To conform to this C-MoU the two institutes installed a federated tier-2 computing center. (author)

 
 
 
 
361

World Federation of Great Towers  

Science.gov (United States)

The World Federation of Great Towers (WFGT) "is an association of international monuments which join together to foster global awareness and develop international opportunities for promotion." The organization provides this eye-catching site that contains detailed information and pictures of over twenty towers from around the world. After giving a brief background summary of each tower's location and notable characteristics, specifications and technical data are provided to give an impression of the scale of the structures and the engineering skill that was needed in their construction. Although only the buildings that are members of the WFGT are featured online, the collection does a good job of capturing some of the most impressive towers in existence.

362

Primeira década do curso de enfermagem na Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora: 1979 -1989 Primera década del curso de enfermería en la Universidad Federal de Juiz de Fora: 1979-1989 First decade of the nursing course at Federal University of Juiz de Fora: 1979-1989  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O curso de graduação em enfermagem foi criado na Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora em 1979, com a incorporação do corpo social da Faculdade de Enfermagem Hermantina Beraldo. Este estudo de abordagem histórico-social objetivou discutir a formação do enfermeiro na primeira década (1979 a 1989 após a criação do curso de graduação na Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora. As fontes primárias foram documentos arquivados e depoimentos de professores que vivenciaram este momento histórico. Os dados foram coletados em 2009, organizados e classificados em conformidade com o método histórico à luz da teoria de Pierre Bourdieu. A análise dos dados permitiu evidenciar ações estratégicas dos docentes da enfermagem interessados na conservação das características do processo de ensino da Faculdade de Enfermagem Hermantina Beraldo, na primeira década de criação do curso na Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora.El curso de gradación en enfermería fue creado en la Universidad Federal de Juiz de Fora en 1979, a partir de la incorporación del cuerpo social de la Facultad de Enfermería Hermantina Heraldo. Este estudio, de abordaje histórico y social, objetivó discutir la formación del enfermero en la primera década (1979 a 1989 después de la creación del curso de gradación en la Universidad Federal de Juiz de Fora. Las fuentes primarias fueron documentos archivados y la declaración de los profesores que vivenciaron este momento histórico. Los datos fueron recogidos en el año 2009, organizado y clasificado de acuerdo con el método histórico a la luz de la teoría de Pierre Bourdieu. El análisis de los datos permitió evidenciar acciones estratégicas de los docentes de enfermería interesados en la conservación de las características del proceso de enseñanza de la Facultad de Enfermería Hermantina Heraldo, en la primera década de creación del curso en la Universidad Federal de Juiz de Fora.The nursing graduation course was established at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora in 1979 with the incorporation of the social delegation at the School of Nursing Hermantina Beraldo. This study of social-historical approach aimed to discuss nursing formation in the first decade (1979 a 1989 after the creation of the nursing graduation course at Federal University of Juiz de Fora. The primary sources were composed by archived documents and testimonies from teachers who went through this historic moment. The data were collected in 2009, organized and classified in accordance with the historical method to light of Pierre Bourdieu's theory. The data analysis allowed evidence the strategically actions by the nursing teachers interested in preserving the characteristics of the Nursing School teaching Hermantina Beraldo in the first decade of course establishment at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora.

Maria Cristina Pinto de Jesus

2012-06-01

363

76 FR 68013 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-54; Introduction  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-54; Introduction AGENCIES...in this Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-54. A companion...Executive Order (E.O.) 13494, Economy in Government Contracting...Policy. Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-54 is...

2011-11-02

364

75 FR 19179 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-41; Small Entity Compliance Guide  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-41; Small Entity Compliance...appearing in Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-41 which amends...or more in order to promote economy and efficiency in Federal procurement...agreement is likely to promote economy and efficiency in the...

2010-04-13

365

Tracking enrolments and graduations in humanities education in South Africa : are we in crisis?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this article we respond to the perceived crisis in humanities education in South Africa which posits firstly that large numbers of students are leaving this field and that secondly, the value of a humanities education has declined. To do this we track the enrolments and graduation rates in humanities at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels between 1999-2007. We disaggregate the data using the racial quantifiers identified in the HEMIS data base. We show that the small ...

Yu, K.; Pillay, Venitha

2011-01-01

366

Jobs for Young University Graduates : Is It Worth Having a Degree?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study addresses the question: Are workers who hold a university degree increasingly filling job openings meant for people with lower levels of schooling? It focuses on Portugal, where the higher education system has been expanding at a fast pace and the share of university graduates in total labour force has been increasing, but where the unemployment rate for such workers has also been increasing. The analysis relies on a remarkable dataset covering the entire workforce in manufacturing...

Cardoso, Ana Rute

2004-01-01

367

Graduate Nursing Students' Knowledge of Computer Terminology and Attitudes Toward Computers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this paper is to describe the knowledge of and attitudes toward computers of graduate nursing students before and after an elective course “Computers in Nursing”. At the beginning of the course students completed a questionnaire which included questions about computer access and use, knowledge of computer terminology and computer use, and attitudes toward computers. Prior to the course students had widely varying self-rated knowledge of computer terminology scores. Self-rat...

Merrow, Sherry Lynne

1988-01-01

368

Nuclear supervision - Administration by the federal states on behalf of the Federal Government or direct federal administration for optimum achievement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One year ago, Federal Minister for the Environment Juergen Trittin expressed doubt about the long-term viability of the federal states' acting on behalf of the federal government in the field of atomic energy law administration. An alternative to this type of administration was mentioned, namely direct execution by the feral government, and a thorough examination was announced. This was to show which type of administration would achieve maximum safety for the residual operating lives of nuclear power plants. Kienbaum Management Consultants were commissioned to evaluate the current status and potential alternative structures. That study was performed within the framework of one of the key projects in reactor safety of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU), namely the reform of nuclear administration. Further steps to be taken by the BMU by the end of this parliamentary term are presented. The federal state are to be approached in an attempt to conduct an unbiased discussion of the pros and cons of the alternatives to administration by the federal states on behalf of the federal government. Questions will be clarified which need to be examined in depth before direct administration by the federal government can be introduced. These include constitutional matters and matters of costing in financing the higher-level federal authority as well as specific questions about the organization of that authority. The purpose is to eion of that authority. The purpose is to elaborate, by the end of this parliamentary term, a workable concept of introducing direct federal administration of nuclear safety. (orig.)

369

Federal Control of Geological Carbon Sequestration  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The United States has economically recoverable coal reserves of about 261 billion tons, which is in excess of a 250-­?year supply based on 2009 consumption rates. However, in the near future the use of coal may be legally restricted because of concerns over the effects of its combustion on atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. In response, the U.S. Department of Energy is making significant efforts to help develop and implement a commercial scale program of geologic carbon sequestration that involves capturing and storing carbon dioxide emitted from coal-­?burning electric power plants in deep underground formations. This article explores the technical and legal problems that must be resolved in order to have a viable carbon sequestration program. It covers the responsibilities of the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Departments of Energy, Transportation and Interior. It discusses the use of the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Clean Air Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Endangered Species Act, and other applicable federal laws. Finally, it discusses the provisions related to carbon sequestration that have been included in the major bills dealing with climate change that Congress has been considering in 2009 and 2010. The article concludes that the many legal issues that exist can be resolved, but whether carbon sequestration becomes a commercial reality will depend on reducing its costs or by imposing legal requirements on fossil-­?fired power plants that result in the costs of carbon emissions increasing to the point that carbon sequestration becomes a feasible option.

Reitze, Arnold

2011-04-11

370

Federal Power Commission 1977 final annual report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is the 57th and final annual report of the Federal Power Commission. It was prepared so that the Congress and the public will have a full record of the Commission's history. The Commission issued annual reports every year beginning in 1920, except for a five-year period during World War II when abbreviated versions were prepared. The Commission was originally charged with the licensing and regulation of certain uses of the country's water resources, and later was given additional responsibilities, including the regulation of electric rates and services for wholesale transactions, and the regulation of natural gas pipelines and producers, all operating in interstate commerce. The total budget for the Commission in fiscal 1977 was $41,582,000. The Commission's average monthly employment during the year was 1,378. Highlights of 1977 concerning natural gas, electric power, rules and regulations, and legislation are summarized. A history of the FPC is included, followed by in-depth information on natural gas; electric power; legal aspects; and statistics in 4 appendixes. (MCW)

None

1978-07-01

371

Graduates’ perceptions of their midwifery training during the four year comprehensive nursing diploma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since its inception in 1986, the Comprehensive Nursing Diploma has received many criticisms from registered nurses, who graduated from the pre-existing programmes. This study attempts to examine the perceptions of graduates from this training programme, towards their midwifery education in terms of its adequacy in preparing them for midwifery practice. Twenty-nine graduates of the four year Comprehensive Nursing Programme completed self-administered questionnaires. Data was analysed by means of descriptive and inferential statistics, namely the paired t-test and the Wilcoxon test for matched pairs. Qualitative data was analysed to determine emerging themes and patterns. Differences in competence ratings on entry into midwifery units and those a year later, were significant at p = 0.0001. It was found that graduates appear to have a positive perception of the midwifery component of their training programme. They found the theory aspect to be more than adequate in preparing them for their professional roles. However, with regards to clinical exposure, it was felt that the time period was too short and needed to be extended in order for them to attain clinical proficiency.

R Chetty

2001-09-01

372

Depression Rates  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... of the player. Depression Rates HealthDay December 4, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Depression Health Statistics Transcript Nearly ... professional. People 12 and older were included. The results also showed that depression was more prevalent among ...

373

18 CFR 35.13 - Filing of changes in rate schedules, tariffs or service agreements.  

Science.gov (United States)

...in rate schedules, tariffs or service agreements. 35.13 Section 35.13 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL...TARIFFS Documents To Be Submitted With a Filing § 35.13 Filing of changes in rate schedules,...

2010-04-01

374

Federal/State Radiation Control Legislation, 1974  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A review is presented of Federal and State radiation control legislation for calendar year 1974, in Federal-State, subject, and status order. A brief description of each bill introduced in 1974 is included, plus existing laws or statutes governing radiation control. (auth)

375

Das Asset-Märchen der Federal Reserve  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Die Federal Reserve ist laut dem Federal Reserve Act unter anderem dazu verpflichtet, stabile Preise zu gewährleisten. Das Erreichen dieses geldpolitischen Ziels wird offiziell auf Ebene der Verbraucherpreise angesiedelt. Darüber hinaus bekräftigt die FED, dass kein explizites Asset Price Targeting betrieben wird. Dienen jedoch Vermögenspreise implizit als geldpolitisches Ziel?

Drescher, Christian; Erler, Alexander; Krie?zanac, Damir

2010-01-01

376

Federal Grants to State and Local Governments  

Science.gov (United States)

In fiscal year 2011, the federal government provided $607 billion in grants to state and local governments. Those funds accounted for 17 percent of federal outlays, 4 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), and a quarter of spending by state and local governments that year. Over the past 30 years, those "intergovernmental" grants--financial…

Congressional Budget Office, 2013

2013-01-01

377

Federal Treaty Responsibility for Indian Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

In view of prior treaties and recent laws, American Indian affairs seem to fluctuate between two different problems--the extent of Federal control "over" Indians and the extent of Federal responsibility "to" Indians. Since treaty interpretations often come years after ratification, it is necessary that a treaty be liberally construed to the end…

Deloria, Vine, Jr.

378

Federalism & bioethics: states and moral pluralism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bioethicists are often interested mostly in national standards and institutions, but state governments have historically overseen a wide range of bioethical issues and share responsibility with the federal government for still others. States ought to have an important role. By allowing for multiple outcomes, the American federal system allows a better fit between public opinion and public policies. PMID:18179102

Fossett, James W; Ouellette, Alicia R; Philpott, Sean; Magnus, David; McGee, Glenn

2007-01-01

379

Fiscal federalism in Nigeria: Theory and practice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fiscal federalism, which mirrors the amount of fiscal autonomy and responsibility accorded to subnational government, has been an important subject in the policy equation of many developing, transition, and developed countries.. This paper, therefore, examined the evolution, structure, and practices of fiscal federalism in Nigeria. In achieving this, the paper adopted both descriptive and analytical methods by relying on secondary sources for data gathering. The paper revealed that Nigeria has not operated as a true federation since it adopted a federal constitution. Fiscal responsibility and taxing powers still remain considerably centralized. The practice of fiscal federalism in Nigeria has been inhibited by several factors which include, the dominance of the federal government in the revenue sharing, the protracted period of interregnum rule of the military, and over-reliance on the revenue from the Federation Account. The paper therefore concluded that the federal government ought to devolve some of its tax powers to state governments in order to stimulate healthy fiscal independence and competition among states.

Ewetan, O.O

2013-12-01

380

36 CFR 60.10 - Concurrent State and Federal nominations.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Concurrent State and Federal nominations...PLACES § 60.10 Concurrent State and Federal nominations...Federal ownership or control. (b) When a portion...under the ownership or control of the Federal agency...non-Federal owners when a concurrent nomination is...

2010-07-01

 
 
 
 
381

Teaching about Federalism in the United States. ERIC Digest.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although it was not directly named in the U.S. Constitution, federalism is a central principle of U.S. government. It is important for students to learn about federalism to comprehend the U.S. federal system and recognize examples of federalism in other countries. Teaching and learning about federalism is essential to education for citizenship in…

Drake, Frederick D.; Nelson, Lynn R.

382

Report of the Federal Internetworking Requirements Panel  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Federal Internetworking Requirements Panel (FIRP) was established by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to reassess Federal requirements for open systems networks and to recommend policy on the Government`s use of networking standards. The Panel was chartered to recommend actions which the Federal Government can take to address the short and long-term issues of interworking and convergence of networking protocols--particularly the Internet Protocol Suite (IPS) and Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) protocol suite and, when appropriate, proprietary protocols. The Panel was created at the request of the Office of Management and Budget in collaboration with the Federal Networking Council and the Federal Information Resources Management Policy Council. The Panel`s membership and charter are contained in an appendix to this report.

NONE

1994-05-31

383

Federal Court of Administration: Ruling on Wyhl  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The official main rulings of the judgement given on December 19th, 1985 in the Appeal Court are quoted verbatim. The appeal was rejected: the contested ruling does infringe on Federal law but is seen to be correct on other grounds (Para. 144 Section 4 VwGO). The Federal Court of Administration goes into the following details: conditions for a preliminary concept ruling, interim positive overall judgement; interim positive overall judgement and contents of a partial building permit with regard to regulations; critical moment for checking; alteration of content of partial permit and conditions imposed; concept of preventive care; burst protection; significance of accident planning dose; Federal Building Legislation (BBauG); Federal and State Building Byelaws (LBO); preliminary decision; plant wording in AtG and cooling tower; permits for cooling towers under the Federal Immission Protection Act (BImSchG). (HP)

384

Discharges of radioactive materials into Federal waterways  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Monitoring the federal waterways in Germany is a responsibility of the Federal Institute for Hydrology performing measurements on behalf of the Federal Government. This duty is carried out with various measurement and sampling networks which are able to detect discharges of radioactive materials under normal and accident conditions. In addition, the Institute is required to include in its assessments the results of measurements conducted by the official measuring institutions of the Federal States and to evaluate the situation from the point of view of radiology. Measurements conducted for many years on water, suspended matter, and sediment samples from federal waterways in Germany indicate that discharges of radioactive substances from nuclear facilities and other emissions and sources, respectively, at present give rise to negligible dose amounts on the exposure pathways relevant to aquatic systems. (orig.)

385

THE CURRENT SITUATION OF FEDERALISM IN SWITZERLAND  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Swiss Federalism builds on the traditional and to a certain extent also themodern diversities. Since middle age the Swiss confederation has always beenenriched and challenged by economic, religious, cultural and linguistic diversities.Since the foundation of Switzerland as a state of modernity in 1848the constitution has been more than 100 times modified with specific provisions.In addition there have been two total revisions in 1874 and in 1999.With the new constitutionthe federal balance between shared rule and selfrule has slightly been changed. It has centralized some of the powers andcompensatedthe loss of self rule with more shared rule and thus given cantonsmore possibilities to participate within the federal decision making process.With regard to the diversities the new federal constitution has introducedimportant provisions in order to strengthen the federal legitimacy andto provide democratic tools for conflict management.

Thomas Fleiner

2009-10-01

386

The Political Economy of Federally Sponsored Data  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Librarian involvement in the Open Access (OA movement has traditionally focused on access to scholarly publications. Recent actions by the White House have focused attention on access on the data produced from federally sponsored research. Questions have emerged concerning access to the output of federally sponsored research and whether it is a public or private good. Understanding the political battle over access to federally funded research is closely tied to the ownership of the peer review process in higher education and associated revenue streams, and as a result, interest groups seeking to influence government regulation have politicized the issues. As a major funder of research in higher education, policies from the federal government are likely to drive change in research practices at higher education institutions and impact library services. The political economy of federally sponsored research data will shape research enterprises in higher education inspire a number of new services distributed throughout the research life cycle.

Bart Ragon

2013-11-01

387

CMS Use of a Data Federation  

Science.gov (United States)

CMS is in the process of deploying an Xrootd based infrastructure to facilitate a global data federation. The services of the federation are available to export data from half the physical capacity and the majority of sites are configured to read data over the federation as a back-up. CMS began with a relatively modest set of use-cases for recovery of failed local file opens, debugging and visualization. CMS is finding that the data federation can be used to support small scale analysis and load balancing. Looking forward we see potential in using the federation to provide more flexibility in the location workflows are executed as the difference between local access and wide area access are diminished by optimization and improved networking. In this presentation we discuss the application development work and the facility deployment work, the use-cases currently in production, and the potential for the technology moving forward.

Bloom, Kenneth; Cms Collaboration

2014-06-01

388

CMS Use of a Data Federation  

CERN Document Server

CMS is in the process of deploying an Xrootd based infrastructure to facilitate a global data federation. The services of the federation are available to export data from half the physical capacity and the majority of sites are configured to read data over the federation as a back-up. CMS began with a relatively modest set of use-cases for recovery of failed local file opens, debugging and visualization. CMS is finding that the data federation can be used to support small scale analysis and load balancing. Looking forward we see potential in using the federation to provide more flexibility in the location workflows are executed as the differenced between local access and wide area access are diminished by optimization and improved networking. In this presentation we will discuss the application development work and the facility deployment work, the use-cases currently in production, and the potential for the technology moving forward.

Bloom, Kenneth Arthur

2013-01-01

389

Estimating Degree Attainment Rates of Freshmen: A Campus Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

While Chapman University's six-year graduation rate has been increasing steadily in the last few years, the institution continues to seek better ways to retain its students. Accordingly, our attention has focused on trying to identify freshman students who are more likely to be retained and those who are likely to depart college prior to degree…

Arredondo, Marisol; Knight, Saskia

2006-01-01

390

49 CFR 268.7 - Federal/State share and restrictions on the uses of Federal Maglev Funds.  

Science.gov (United States)

...and restrictions on the uses of Federal Maglev Funds. 268.7 Section 268.7 ...and restrictions on the uses of Federal Maglev Funds. (a) Federal share. The...Restrictions on the uses of Federal Maglev Funds. (1) Federal Maglev...

2010-10-01

391

41 CFR 102-74.426 - May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property?  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal...102-74.426 May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal...provides that a woman may breastfeed her child at any location in a Federal...

2010-07-01

392

Environmental federalism and US climate change policy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Environmental disputes involving states over the proper state and federal roles have grown in number and magnitude over the last several years, with many disputes engaging dozens of states. States with competing views are fully engaged in the ongoing debate over climate change, a textbook case for testing the contours of environmental federalism. The issue has all the necessary components: transboundary environmental impacts; competing state economic and environmental interests; state self-interest; disagreement on first principles including what is the proper role of the states; and a somewhat ill-defined federal role. With those qualities, one would expect the federal government to step in and regulate. Instead, the federal government has declined to regulate, inviting a national discourse on whether and how to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. As of Spring 2004, twenty-eight states have launched or are planning initiatives, some of which will directly regulate sources of GHG emissions. As these programs take root, pressure will build for a greater federal role. This paper will advance the position that even with this building momentum, the federal government is not likely to emulate state programs that mandate CO{sub 2} emission reductions. In the face of high national cost, uncertain environmental benefits, and a history of federal non-regulatory action, federal regulation at this time appears to be a remote possibility. State efforts to address global climate change add value to the debate, but they do not create the cocoon of consensus the federal government seeks before launching mandatory programs of this magnitude. The more likely scenario is that the federal government will continue on its present course, funding research and development, investing in energy efficient technologies, and supporting voluntary measures. Under this scenario, states and the private sector would continue to function as the 'laboratories' to develop new ideas to improve energy efficiency, test new technologies, and assess economic impacts. The federal government will likely continue to repel pressure to mandate reductions until a certain threshold of scientific certainty and technological feasibility are achieved. At that point, the body of knowledge and experience developed by the states will provide a more certain road-map for any additional federal action, which will probably be some version of a voluntary market-based program. (author)

Jaeger, L.M. [Bracewell and Patterson, LLP (United States)

2004-07-01

393

Environmental federalism and US climate change policy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Environmental disputes involving states over the proper state and federal roles have grown in number and magnitude over the last several years, with many disputes engaging dozens of states. States with competing views are fully engaged in the ongoing debate over climate change, a textbook case for testing the contours of environmental federalism. The issue has all the necessary components: transboundary environmental impacts; competing state economic and environmental interests; state self-interest; disagreement on first principles including what is the proper role of the states; and a somewhat ill-defined federal role. With those qualities, one would expect the federal government to step in and regulate. Instead, the federal government has declined to regulate, inviting a national discourse on whether and how to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. As of Spring 2004, twenty-eight states have launched or are planning initiatives, some of which will directly regulate sources of GHG emissions. As these programs take root, pressure will build for a greater federal role. This paper will advance the position that even with this building momentum, the federal government is not likely to emulate state programs that mandate CO2 emission reductions. In the face of high national cost, uncertain environmental benefits, and a history of federal non-regulatory action, federal regulation at this time appears to be a remote possibility. State efforts to address global climate change add value to the debate, but they do not create the cocoon of consensus the federal government seeks before launching mandatory programs of this magnitude. The more likely scenario is that the federal government will continue on its present course, funding research and development, investing in energy efficient technologies, and supporting voluntary measures. Under this scenario, states and the private sector would continue to function as the 'laboratories' to develop new ideas to improve energy efficiency, test new technologies, and assess economic impacts. The federal government will likely continue to repel pressure to mandate reductions until a certain threshold of scientific certainty and technological feasibility are achieved. At that point, the body of knowledge and experience developed by the states will provide a more certain road-map for any additional federal action, which will probably be some version of a voluntary market-based program. (author)

394

Graduate IT orientation courses in LIS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to test the impact of the graduate IT orientation courses, both on the student body and the faculty. The project surveyed the manner of delivery of "IT Basics" on graduate courses in three different "trend-setting" universities in Iran to uncover any shifts or development in training philosophy. Course delivery was analyzed from the standpoint of content, course requirements, instructor/students expectations, as well as instruction style. The comparison aimed to test the impact of the IT orientation courses, both on the student body and the faculty. The paper will outline the differences in student cohort (social and ethnic background, the courses and the staff and students attitude to the courses.

Nader Naghshineh

2006-12-01

395

The employment of post graduates by NPC  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nuclear Power Company has the sole responsibility in Britain for the design, construction, and commissioning of nuclear power stations. The Company employs some 2400 people, mainly at its two principal administrative and laboratory sites at Risley, Cheshire and Whetstone, Leicester. In carrying out its responsibilities the Company utilises skills in design, project management, planning, quality control, research and development and many other facets of contemporary nuclear engineering. Accordingly it has well formed views on the employment and training of the engineer and scientists who must exhibit and manage such skills. These views are brought out in this paper with particular reference to the relevance of post graduate training to the Company's Research and Development Department. Staff with post graduate research experience are also employed on other engineering activities in the company. The relevance of their experience to non-research work they undertake is also discussed. (author)

396

Graduate Program in Astrophysics in Split  

CERN Document Server

Beginning in autumn 2008 the first generation of astronomy master students will start a 2 year course in Astrophysics offered by the Physics department of the University of Split, Croatia (http://fizika.pmfst.hr/astro/english/index.html). This unique master course in South-Eastern Europe, following the Bologna convention and given by astronomers from international institutions, offers a series of comprehensive lectures designed to greatly enhance students' knowledge and skills in astrophysics, and prepare them for a scientific career. An equally important aim of the course is to recognise the areas in which astronomy and astrophysics can serve as a national asset and to use them to prepare young people for real life challenges, enabling graduates to enter the modern society as a skilled and attractive work-force. In this contribution, I present an example of a successful organisation of international astrophysics studies in a developing country, which aims to become a leading graduate program in astrophysics ...

Krajnovic, D

2006-01-01

397

Locus of Control in Graduation Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The current research focused on exploring the direction of Locus of control as well as gender difference on locus of control among graduation students in Pakistan.A 29 item Locus of Control questionnaire (Rotter, 1966) was used to measure locus of control. Sample of (N=200) individuals (n=100) men and (n=100) women selected from different academic institutes of Faisalabad division Punjab Pakistan. Independent sample t-test was used for statistical analysis. This study has consistent results w...

Imran Haider Zaidi; Naeem Mohsin, M.

2013-01-01

398

Special support and counselling during graduation phase  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of my Developmental project was to create a practice for counselling the students in need of special support during their graduation phase in the field of Technology and Transport in Savo Vocational College. The aim of vocational specialneeds education is to provide the students with special needs with equal opportunities to achieve a vocational qualification and be employed, continue with further education and live a fulfilling life. Counselling is a continuum from comprehensive ...

Ikonen, Merja

2006-01-01

399

Evolution of a Graduate Environmental Science Program  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Problem statement: Environmental science programs vary widely in their curricula and pedagogical approaches. In part, this is due to the lack of a unified agreement on field identity. However, program differences are also the product of variable program histories. Approach: This essay described the founding and subsequent history of the Environmental Science Graduate Program at Oklahoma State University, its oldest and largest interdisciplinary program. An evaluation of this his...

Will Focht; Talya Henderson

2009-01-01

400

Searching for Jobs: Evidence from MBA Graduates  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper proposes and tests empirically a model of optimal job search using novel data on job seeking strategies of participants in the labor market for MBA graduates. Theoretically and empirically I find that the breadth of search that workers conduct depends on their ability, outside option, and fit with available jobs, as well as on the exogenous job application cost and the ex-ante probability of applications resulting in offers. These results illustrate the formation of the supply of h...

Kuhnen, Camelia M.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Graduate entry to medicine: widening psychological diversity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background At Nottingham University more than 95% of entrants to the traditional 5-year medical course are school leavers. Since 2003 we have admitted graduate entrants (GEM) to a shortened (4-year) course to 'widen access to students from more disadvantaged backgrounds'. We have recently shown that the GEM course widens academic and socio-demographic diversity of the medical student population. This study explored whether GEM students also bring psychological divers...

Munro Don; Bore Miles; Powis David; Ferguson Eamonn; James David; Symonds Ian; Yates Janet

2009-01-01

402

What I Tell My Graduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This author realizes that an important part of his job is to make sure his graduate students get their own jobs. What that means is talking about job placement as soon as they walk in the door and tell him they want to do a Ph.D. First he informs them of the current job situation, whatever that is at the time. He makes it clear that the first…

Davis, Lennard J.

2011-01-01

403

Sources of nonresponse to the Federal Waterfowl Hunter Questionnaire Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

Response rates to the Federal Waterfowl Hunter Questionnaire Survey (WHQS) have declined since the 1950's, suggesting that harvest estimates may be biased. Consequently, we investigated reasons for WHQS nonresponse using surveys of waterfowl hunters in Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Texas [USA]. Sampling frames were constructed using lists of buyers of state hunting licenses or state duck stamps. We mailed questionnaires to 16,452 randomly selected hunters, with 2 follow-up mailings at 3-week intervals. Questionnaires were completed by 8,812 respondents, and a further 587 interviews were conducted by telephone. Post offices accounted for between 53.7% (Minn.) and 92.8% (N.J.) of federal waterfowl duck stamp sales, and stores accounted for most other sales. Of hunters who bought a federal waterfowl stamp from sample post offices, between 16.7% (Minn.) and 40.0% (Ark.) reported receiving a WHQS contact card. Of those receiving contact cards, between 30.0% (N.J.) and 64.3% (La. and Tex.) reported returning them. Because survey coverage of the target population is poor, we recommend that a new sampling frame be developed for the WHQS.

Barker, R.J.; Geissler, P.H.; Hoover, B.A.

1992-01-01

404

76 FR 3089 - Roundtable on Federal Government Engagement in Standards  

Science.gov (United States)

...Roundtable on Federal Government Engagement in Standards...professional societies, and Federal, State and local government agencies, etc...NIST Public and Business Affairs at 301-975-NIST...for the Federal government in convening...

2011-01-19

405

42 CFR 50.209 - Use of Federal financial assistance.  

Science.gov (United States)

...false Use of Federal financial assistance. 50...Assisted Family Planning Projects § 50.209 Use of Federal financial assistance. (a... (b) A program or project shall not use Federal financial assistance...

2010-10-01

406

40 CFR 63.99 - Delegated Federal authorities.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 falseDelegated Federal authorities.63.99Section 63.99Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...Programs and Delegation of Federal Authorities§ 63.99 Delegated Federal authorities.Link to an...

2010-07-01

407

42 CFR 422.402 - Federal preemption of State law.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...

2010-10-01

408

12 CFR Appendix A to Part 202 - Federal Enforcement Agencies  

Science.gov (United States)

...20552. Federal Credit Unions: Regional office of the National Credit Union Administration serving...which the federal credit union is located. Air carriers...Surface Transportation Board: Office of Proceedings...creditor operates or Federal Trade Commission, Equal...

2010-01-01

409

31 CFR 540.304 - Government of the Russian Federation.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Government of the Russian Federation. 540.304 Section 540...Definitions § 540.304 Government of the Russian Federation. (a) The term Government of the Russian Federation means the Government of...

2010-07-01

410

12 CFR 552.3 - Charters for Federal stock associations.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 false Charters for Federal stock associations. 552.3 Section 552...SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FEDERAL STOCK ASSOCIATIONS-INCORPORATION, ORGANIZATION...CONVERSION § 552.3 Charters for Federal stock associations. The charter of a...

2010-01-01

411

12 CFR 552.13 - Combinations involving Federal stock associations.  

Science.gov (United States)

... false Combinations involving Federal stock associations. 552.13 Section 552...SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FEDERAL STOCK ASSOCIATIONS-INCORPORATION, ORGANIZATION...552.13 Combinations involving Federal stock associations. (a) Scope and...

2010-01-01

412

77 FR 7597 - Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEMA-2010-0032] Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating...SUMMARY: The Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating...functions of the Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating...Capital Crisis In Radiation Safety. The FRPCC Co-Chairs...

2012-02-13

413

14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - Alternative Communications and Dispatching Procedures  

Science.gov (United States)

...121, SFAR No. 80 Special Federal Aviation Regulation...Applicability. This Special Federal Aviation...aircraft dispatcher training rules in subpart N of...aircraft dispatcher qualification and duty time limitation...Expiration. This Special Federal Aviation...

2010-01-01

414

30 CFR 926.30 - State-Federal cooperative agreement.  

Science.gov (United States)

...and reclamation operations on Federal lands...to equipment, laboratories, and facilities...and reclamation operations on Federal...whether the PAP involving leased Federal...and reclamation operations involving leased...

2010-07-01

415

30 CFR 917.30 - State-Federal cooperative agreement.  

Science.gov (United States)

...insure that mining operations on Federal lands...access to equipment, laboratories and facilities to...application for a permit for operations on Federal lands in...surface coal mining operations involving leased Federal...

2010-07-01

416

49 CFR 7.3 - Publication in the Federal Register.  

Science.gov (United States)

... false Publication in the Federal Register. 7.3 Section 7.3 Transportation... § 7.3 Publication in the Federal Register. This section implements 5 U.S...rules governing publication in the Federal Register of the following: (a)...

2010-10-01

417

15 CFR 270.103 - Publication in the Federal Register.  

Science.gov (United States)

... false Publication in the Federal Register. 270.103 Section 270.103 ...270.103 Publication in the Federal Register. The Director will promptly publish in the Federal Register notice of the establishment of...

2010-01-01

418

40 CFR 725.40 - Notice in the Federal Register.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Notice in the Federal Register. 725.40 Section 725.40 Protection...Procedures § 725.40 Notice in the Federal Register. (a) Filing of Federal Register notice. After EPA receives a MCAN or...

2010-07-01

419

78 FR 63143 - VA Dental Insurance Program-Federalism  

Science.gov (United States)

...2900-AO86 VA Dental Insurance Program--Federalism AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs...2900-AO86-VA Dental Insurance Program-- Federalism.'' Copies of comments received will...discussion above. Executive Order 13132, Federalism Section 6(c) of Executive Order...

2013-10-23

420

78 FR 62441 - VA Dental Insurance Program-Federalism  

Science.gov (United States)

...2900-AO85 VA Dental Insurance Program--Federalism AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs...2900-AO85-VA Dental Insurance Program-- Federalism.'' Copies of comments received will...discussion above. Executive Order 13132, Federalism Section 6(c) of Executive Order...

2013-10-22

 
 
 
 
421

47 CFR 0.416 - The Federal Communications Commission Record.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 false The Federal Communications Commission Record. 0.416... Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMISSION...Publications § 0.416 The Federal Communications Commission Record. Texts...

2010-10-01

422

Childhood Mortality in Federal Medical Centre Umuahia, South Eastern Nigeria  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the mortality pattern in children seen at Federal Medical Centre Umuahia (FMCU) Abia state, South Eastern Nigeria. Methods: A retrospective cross sectional descriptive study over a 5-year period from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2008 using data retrieved from the hospital’s medical records department. Results: A total of 3,814 children were admitted in the hospital and 434 of them died giving a mortality rate of 11%. The mean age was 1.7 (S...

Nwafor Chukwuemeka Charles; Abali Chuku; Nnoli Martin Anazodo

2014-01-01

423

[Pedagogical Project for the Graduate Nursing Program at UFAL: adaptations to curricular guidelines].  

Science.gov (United States)

This is an analysis of the adaptation of the Pedagogical Political Project of the Nursing Graduate Program at Alagoas Federal University (PPP/Enf/UFAL) to new Brazilian curriculum guidelines, evidencing convergence points and some points that need to be approached, taking into account that the present project was established prior to the existence of the current curricular guidelines. Our analysis shows that the main difficulties presented by the newly implemented curriculum lie in the ones inherent to the process of changing conceptions on the educational process in Nursing and in the work conditions imposed by the current situation of the Brazilian Public University System. It calls for a review on strategies and contents related to the basis of research and expansion in Nursing Sciences, as well as the search for alternatives to integration with domain areas from Humanistic and Health Sciences. PMID:15320625

dos Santos, Regina Maria; Brandão, Francisco da Silva; Valverde, Rosimar Camilo; Trezza, Maria Cristina Soares Figueiredo

2003-01-01

424

77 FR 31600 - Federal Need Analysis Methodology for the 2013-2014 Award Year: Federal Pell Grant, Federal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...84.379 TEACH Grant Program. SUMMARY: The Secretary...2013-2014 for the student financial aid programs authorized under title...purposes of determining financial aid eligibility. The title IV programs include the Federal...

2012-05-29

425

Fiscal reform and federal relations: Brazilian deadlocks  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Brazilian fiscal reform got to deadlocks because proposals tried to avoid considering federal relations. There are two main types of federal relations: the competitive and the cooperative. In both types is possible to observe coordination mechanisms. Brazilian federalism is a mixture of both types w [...] hat leads to difficulties finding solutions. We argue that is more important to find mechanisms to facilitate cooperation than to discuss the qualities of any alternative fiscal structure. Fiscal reforms brings along a great deal of uncertainty. So it is important to discuss the reform timing and the compensation mechanisms before hand.

Basilia Maria Baptista, Aguirre; Guilherme Leite da Silva, Dias.

2009-03-01

426

Promoting greater Federal energy productivity [Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document is a close-out report describing the work done under this DOE grant to improve Federal Energy Productivity. Over the four years covered in this document, the Alliance To Save Energy conducted liaison with the private sector through our Federal Energy Productivity Task Force. In this time, the Alliance held several successful workshops on the uses of metering in Federal facilities and other meetings. We also conducted significant research on energy efficiency, financing, facilitated studies of potential energy savings in energy intensive agencies, and undertook other tasks outlined in this report.

Hopkins, Mark; Dudich, Luther

2003-03-05

427

The population development in the Federal Republic of Germany.  

Science.gov (United States)

It was with the decrease in births after 1964 and into the 1970s that there began to be greater concern for the demographic development in the Federal Republic of Germany. 1973 marked the establishment of the Federal Institute for Population Research. Various experts and committees have since then examined population development. The Interministerial Working Group on Population Matters was established late in 1978 to prepare a comprehensive report on population development in the Federal Republic. The 1st part of it was presented in the summer of 1980. Over the last 100 years the population has tripled to over 62 million in 1974, both due to an excess of births over deaths and to an excess of immigration. The death rate has been higher than the birthrate since 1971. The birthrate has declined markedly to where marriages concluded in 1968-72 would have approximately 160 children/100 marriages. Despite this drop, the population continued to increase until the mid-1970s. The decline in the German birthrate is based on a change in reproductive behavior (i.e., intentional limitation of family size). This change is rooted in several societal changes, among them greater geographical and social mobility, urbanization, process of secularization, changes in economic activities of men and women, and progress and spread of contraception. To forecast about population development farther into the future than 10-15 years requires the use of model calculations. These show the trend of population development under certain assumptions but do not predict the course of population development. Separate model calculations were prepared for the German and foreign resident populations because there are such differences in natality and migration. The 2nd part of the report shows the impact of population development on different aspects of politics and society and will be completed in 1982. Model calculations are presented in tabular form for the Federal Republic of Germany for the years 1990, 2000, and 2030. PMID:12264475

Rein, D B

1982-01-01

428

Earnings among young and mature Danish university graduates  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper studies the association between graduation age and earnings among university graduates in Denmark, which is a country with one of the oldest student populations in the world. Exploiting a rich data-set from administrative registers, the current study is able to track labour market career for a longer period of time and to control for more labour market-relevant variables than any previous study of graduation age and earnings. The results show that graduation age has either a slightly positive or an insignificant impact on starting wages within the public sector or a negative impact on starting wages among private sector employees. This applies to both genders, but the differences are stronger among male employees. The analyses of long-term wages reveal a more homogeneous pattern. Mature graduates earn less in all the years investigated. The wage differences are greatest among male graduates employed in private enterprises, and the gap increases throughout their careers.

Klausen, Trond Beldo

2014-01-01

429

Limiting Skills Gap Effect on Future College Graduates  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many graduates upon graduation from college or university find it difficult to get the job they planned to enter after they leave school. Employers are claiming that the new graduates are not equipped with the necessary skills required to work for them. Hence, they are not hirable. Obviously, it is easy to shift blame on academic for failing to prepare students with the necessary skills to be gainfully employed upon graduation. However, this is an issue that needs to be addressed jointly by all stakeholders involved in educating these potential college graduates while in school. This article addresses what skills gap is, some of its causes, and what to be done by students, educators and the industry to limit its effect on the future college graduates.

James A. Ejiwale

2014-08-01

430

Attitudes of Irish dental graduates to vocational training.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Vocational training (VT) is a mandatory 12 month period for UK dental graduates after graduation. Graduates of Irish Dental Schools are eligible to enter the general dental service in Ireland or obtain an NHS performers list number in the UK immediately after qualification. Reports would suggest that some graduates of Irish Dental Schools are choosing to take part in VT in the UK and find the experience beneficial. This study aimed to record the uptake of VT amongst recent graduates from University College Cork and to document their experiences. It was designed to compare the attitudes and experiences of graduates of Irish Dental Schools who undertook VT compared with those who entered the general dental service.

McKenna, G

2010-05-01

431

Why do recent graduates enter into flexible jobs?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The share of flexible jobs on the Dutch labour market is among the highest in Western countries, in particular for recent graduates. In this study we examine why recent graduates enter into temporary contracts and whether flexible jobs match their qualifications worse than permanent jobs do. Graduates that enter into flexible jobs face large wage penalties, a worse job match and less training participation than those entering into permanent jobs, even after correcting for ability differences....

Bertrand-cloodt, Danie?lle; Co?rvers, Frank; Kriechel, Ben; Thor, Jesper

2011-01-01

432

The emerging standard for market-based wholesale electric rates  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This article examines the basis for the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) approval of market-based rates for electric and natural gas utilities in a method deviating from the cost-based rates commonly used previously. Topics discussed include the standard for market-based rates, emerging standards for market dominance, the effect of utility policy of unlimited open access on FERC approval of rates

433

Influencing Graduation Rates through Resource Allocation: A Correlation Analysis of Institutional Expenditures and Six-Year Graduation Rates at Private Colleges and Universities in New England  

Science.gov (United States)

The challenges facing higher education are great given the current economic environment, the shift of enrollment from private to public institutions, changing student demographics, globalization of institutions, and technology (Goldstein, 2006; Jansen & Bielak, 2008; Newman, Couturier, & Scurry, 2004a). Society's expectations that…

Promades, Frederick C.

2012-01-01

434

Integrated vs. Federated Search : Hvad er hvad?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Oplæg om forskelle og ligheder mellem integrated og federated search i bibliotekskontekst. Holdt ved temadag om "Integrated Search - samsøgning i alle kilder" på Danmarks Biblioteksskole den 22. januar 2009.

LØvschall, Kasper

435

75 FR 67731 - Federal Reserve Bank Services  

Science.gov (United States)

...assets and liabilities associated...the Reserve Banks' priced...apply to commercial- entity...specified deposit liabilities. The dollar...reservable liabilities. The Reserve Banks' priced...federal funds, commercial...

2010-11-03

436

Integrated vs. Federated Search : Hvad er hvad?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Oplæg om forskelle og ligheder mellem integrated og federated search i bibliotekskontekst. Holdt ved temadag om "Integrated Search - samsøgning i alle kilder" på Danmarks Biblioteksskole den 22. januar 2009.

Løvschall, Kasper

2009-01-01

437

The International Federation of Library Associations  

Science.gov (United States)

The aims, structure, activities, publications and role of the International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) are discussed. Previous articles in this series are EJ 076 898, LI 530 055 and LI 503 225. (9 references) (SJ)

Fang, Josephine Riss; Songe, Alice H.

1973-01-01

438

The New Federalism in Community Development  

Science.gov (United States)

Suggests that what is needed is a more balanced federalism which will increase local community development under special revenue sharing with a new generation of comprehensive and more responsive categorical programs. (Author/AM)

Bach, Victor

1977-01-01

439

What Does the Constitution Say about Federalism?  

Science.gov (United States)

Offers a concept learning lesson in which secondary students explore the subject of federalism. Application exercises are used at the end of each main section in order for students to apply what they have learned. (BSR)

Patrick, John J.; Remy, Richard C.

1987-01-01

440

How the New Federalism Strikes Home.  

Science.gov (United States)

The New Federalism will not provide the resources and leadership needed to meet the needs of vocational programs in comprehensive secondary schools in four critical areas: staff, curriculum, equipment, and support services. (SK)

Nelson, Orville

1982-01-01

 
 
 
 
441

Geothermal heat pumps for federal buildings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Geothermal heat pumps (GHPs) can provide significant energy savings to a wide range of Federal facilities. GHP equipment can be obtained and installed at no up-front cost through Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs) through energy service companies (ESCOs).

NONE

1999-09-02

442

Federal Activities Inventory Reform (FAIR) Act  

Science.gov (United States)

... Office of Federal Procurement Policy Office of Management and Budget Executive Office of the ... with you as we move forward. Please contact Joseph Burt, Acting Director, Division of Human Resource ...

443

The Federal Role in Nursing Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The author discusses the history of federal support for nursing education since the 1930s, including the recent establishment of the National Center for Nursing Research. She covers the future likelihood of funding cuts and strategies for retrenchment. (CH)

Abdellah, Faye G.

1987-01-01

444

Enhancing service federation trustworthiness through online testing  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Security, data protection, trust management, authentication, and authorization are crucial assets in the Internet of Services. On-line testing enhances trustworthiness among federated services that are often independently developed, deployed, and maintained.

Bertolino, Antonia; Angelis, Guglielmo; Kellomaki, Sampo; Polini, Andrea

2012-01-01

445

45 CFR 212.8 - Federal payments.  

Science.gov (United States)

...ASSISTANCE FOR UNITED STATES CITIZENS RETURNED FROM FOREIGN COUNTRIES § 212.8 Federal payments. (a) The agreement...Assistant Secretary for administrative expenses incurred in developing or preparing to implement repatriation plans for...

2010-10-01

446

Q-factor emotional intelligence profiles as an area for development in graduate nurse anesthesia students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Some fear that the added demands of the Affordable Care Act may worsen already high attrition rates among nurses. One potential solution is that graduate nursing programs must do a better job of selecting and retaining those who can persist in training to gain the clinical and leadership skills necessary to fill these new roles. Some believe emotional intelligence (EI) may help with the selection and retention of graduate nursing students. This study examined EI in 216 nurse anesthesia (NA) students. Q-factor analysis was used to create EI profiles of first-semester, 1-year, and last-semester NA students. It showed one EI type was consistent at each point in the program: High Facial Reader/Low EI Manager. PMID:25199106

Collins, Shawn Bryant; Covrig, Duane; Newman, Isadore

2014-09-01

447

Prediction of the intercity migration of Chinese graduates  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigate the intercity migration of Chinese graduates from their hometowns to their work destinations. Motivated by the gravity model, which is a common tool for predicting human migration and movement, we introduce a new model that considers the following three factors: economy, administration and study location. The resulting model can predict the migration flux of graduates in good agreement with the observed flux. The prediction results for the migration flux of graduates with different degree levels and the discrepancies among these graduates, with respect to the dependence of the flux on the three factors in the model, are obtained.

Sun, YiFan; Pan, Kunfeng

2014-12-01

448

High-Stakes Testing and the History of Graduation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An historical perspective on high-stakes testing suggests that tests required for high school graduation will have mixed results for the putative value of high school diplomas: (1 graduation requirements are likely to have indirect as well as direct effects on the likelihood of graduating; (2 the proliferation of different exit documents may dilute efforts to improve the education of all students; and (3 graduation requirements remain unlikely to disentangle the general cultural confusion in the U.S. about the purpose of secondary education and a high school diploma, especially confusion about whether the educational, exchange, or other value of a diploma is most important.

Sherman Dorn

2003-01-01

449

Surveying graduate students’ attitudes and approaches to problem solving  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Students’ attitudes and approaches to problem solving in physics can profoundly influence their motivation to learn and development of expertise. We developed and validated an Attitudes and Approaches to Problem Solving survey by expanding the Attitudes toward Problem Solving survey of Marx and Cummings and administered it to physics graduate students. Comparison of their responses to the survey questions about problem solving in their own graduate-level courses vs problem solving in the introductory physics courses provides insight into their expertise in introductory and graduate-level physics. The physics graduate students’ responses to the survey questions were also compared with those of introductory physics and astronomy students and physics faculty. We find that, even for problem solving in introductory physics, graduate students’ responses to some survey questions are less expertlike than those of the physics faculty. Comparison of survey responses of graduate students and introductory students for problem solving in introductory physics suggests that graduate students’ responses are in general more expertlike than those of introductory students. However, survey responses suggest that graduate-level problem solving by graduate students on several measures has remarkably similar trends to introductory-level problem solving by introductory students.

Chandralekha Singh

2010-12-01

450

Reflection of the Development of Professional Graduates Education in China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The development of professional degree graduates education plays a crucial role in social economy development and the industrial restructuring, promotes academic degrees and graduates education growth and could further ameliorate China's professional degrees education system. Currently, the professional degree graduates education meet with some problems, such as low level of professional degrees education, the scale of development imbalances, lack of innovation in training mode, quality assurance and management system is incomplete, the policy formulated backwardness. As a higher education theory researcher, rational thinking of these problems would help to stimulate the long-term development of professional degree graduates education and to provide educational reference.

Zhao Jing

2013-12-01

451

Graduate student development through the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL can be a valuable tool in preparing graduate students as future faculty. Yet, graduate students are often warned that the academic job market does not value SoTL research. We present results of a survey of current and former graduate students who conducted SoTL research. Respondents overwhelmingly perceived positive reactions to their SoTL work while on the academic job market, and reported that SoTL played an important role in their professional development. These findings have important implications for those who seek to encourage graduate student involvement in the scholarship of teaching and learning.

Laura N. Schram

2012-02-01

452

Federated homes: Secure sharing of home services  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents an architecture which allows consumers to securely share the services available in their home networks with remote third parties. It is implemented as a software service which can be installed on a home-gateway device. The implementation supports dynamic sharing of UPnP-compliant devices and multimedia content and enables complex service compositions across federated homes through a secure Federal Relationship Manager (FRM) service. We have extended UP...

O Sullivan, Declan; Keeney, John; Feeney, Kevin Chekov; Etzioni, Zohar

2011-01-01

453

Strategies Formulation of Cycling Federation in Iran  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this research is to design and develop strategies of cycling federation in Iran. Here, the descriptive methodology would be applied based upon the case study. The Statistical population included the managers of cycling committees and boards, educated coaches and M.A students involved in cycling federation affairs. The statistical sample encompasses 50 individuals selected totally due to limited Statistical population. To collect the data, we used library resources, literature a...

Arefeh Jamshidi; Sajjadi, S. N.; Mehrzad Hamidi

2012-01-01

454

FEDERALISM, NATIONALISM AND REGIONALISM IN CANADA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article analyses the capacity of Canadian federalism to articulate andaccommodate the dual and regionalist character defining Canada througha range of arguments and opinions both for and against that have been generatedboth within the Canadian Federation and abroad. From the standpointof the Quebec sovereignists, federalism is highly restrictive of the Quebecnation’s freedom to express itself, by itself, within the Canadian contextas well as within international ambits; for Quebec nationalists, the termQuebec “nation” implies—indeed, requires—a “Quebec state”. But, fromthe standpoint of the Quebec federalists (a good number of whom understandQuebec as a sociological and political nation, the future of Quebeclies with its membership of the Canadian Federation, however much this hasto recognise Quebec as a “differential society” within Canada, and howevermuch it has to ensure that Quebec will develop and promote its interests asa nation. For yet others, the decentralist character of Canadian federalism,and the extensive provisions for asymmetry built into the system, mean that Quebec is already perhaps the most powerful sub-national government inthe world, such that it already has the powers necessary to fulfil its nationaldestiny, within the federation. Opinion outside Quebec ranges from thosewho accept this view, and embrace asymmetry, to those who argue that Quebecis simply one of ten existing provinces, each of which is distinct, andwhich should all be treated as equals in accordance with the constitutionaland political framework.

Richard Simeon

2006-10-01

455

42 CFR 412.63 - Federal rates for inpatient operating costs for Federal fiscal years 1984 through 2004.  

Science.gov (United States)

...forth in the notice of final standards for classification...discharges occurring in fiscal year 1985 through fiscal year...patients. (5) For fiscal years 1987 through 2004, CMS...an estimate of indirect medical education payments. (6) For fiscal years 1988 through 2003,...

2010-10-01

456

42 CFR 412.64 - Federal rates for inpatient operating costs for Federal fiscal year 2005 and subsequent fiscal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Office of Management and Budget...statistical and reporting purposes...Office of Management and Budget...Office of Management and Budget...adjustments for a future fiscal...with the cost reporting period...

2010-10-01

457

Graduate Experience in Science Education: The Development of a Science Education Course for Biomedical Science Graduate Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The University of Rochester's Graduate Experience in Science Education (GESE) course familiarizes biomedical science graduate students interested in pursuing academic career tracks with a fundamental understanding of some of the theory, principles, and concepts of science education. This one-semester elective course provides graduate students with practical teaching and communication skills to help them better relate science content to, and increase their confidence in, their own teaching abi...

Markowitz, Dina G.; Dupre?, Michael J.

2007-01-01

458

Federal Technology Alert: Ground-Source Heat Pumps Applied to Federal Facilities--Second Edition  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Federal Technology Alert, which was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Federal Energy Management Programs, provides the detailed information and procedures that a Federal energy manager needs to evaluate most ground-source heat pump applications. This report updates an earlier report on ground-source heat pumps that was published in September 1995. In the current report, general benefits of this technology to the Federal sector are described, as are ground-source heat pump operation, system types, design variations, energy savings, and other benefits. In addition, information on current manufacturers, technology users, and references for further reading are provided.

Hadley, Donald L.

2001-03-01

459

The Causes of Reading Difficulty: The Perception of Iranian EFL Post-graduate and Under-graduate Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigates the causes of the reading difficulty as perceived by under-graduate and post-graduate EFL learners. 34 post-graduate and 36 under-graduate students at the University of Isfahan took part in this study. In particular, this study tries to know whether there is any difference between the perceptions of these two groups of learners. A questionnaire synthesized Eskey (1986), and Bernhardt (1991), cited in Lin (2002), was used as the main instrument for analysis of knowledge...

Shiela Kheirzadeh; Elahe Tavakoli

2012-01-01

460

Factors Affecting Job Opportunities for University Graduates in China---the Evidence from University Graduates in Beijing  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The problem of unemployed university graduates has become serious in China since the expansion of the higher education system in 1999, leading to an unemployment spell. Of China’s 5.6 million university graduates in 2008, 1.7 million are reported to have been unable to find jobs.  In this paper, the factors that determine whether a graduate finds a job in China have been studied. A duration model for this study indicates that the graduates find jobs faster if they come from college...

Jun Kong; Fan Jiang

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
461

Profile of CRC Graduates; A Study of Graduates of Crowley's Ridge College.  

Science.gov (United States)

Of the 142 students graduating from Crowley's Ridge College since 1964, 94 have transferred to senior college and, of these, 55 have completed one or more semesters at the senior institution, after completion of a unique concentrated program, which enables a student to do an entire academic year's work in 24 weeks at CRC. The purpose of this study…

Crowley's Ridge Coll., Paragould, AR.

462

Adult Learners as Graduate Students: Underlying Motivation in Completing Graduate Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

The majority of graduate part-time programs are fueled by adult learners seeking to enhance their human capital and advance professional careers. In contrast, degree-granting programs seek to impart knowledge and advance learning in a particular discipline. At this intersection lies the individual student's motivation to satisfy their personal…

Hegarty, Niall

2011-01-01

463

Measuring Student Graduateness: Reliability and Construct Validity of the Graduate Skills and Attributes Scale  

Science.gov (United States)

This study reports the development and validation of the Graduate Skills and Attributes Scale which was initially administered to a random sample of 272 third-year-level and postgraduate-level, distance-learning higher education students. The data were analysed using exploratory factor analysis. In a second study, the scale was administered to a…

Coetzee, Melinde

2014-01-01

464

Graduate Physics Education Adding Industrial Culture and Methods to a Traditional Graduate Physics Department  

Science.gov (United States)

The education and training of the workforce needed to assure global competitiveness of American industry in high technology areas, along with the proper role of various disciplines in that educational process, is currently being re-examined. Several academic areas in science and engineering have reported results from such studies that revealed several broad themes of educational need that span and cross the boundaries of science and engineering. They included greater attention to and the development of team-building skills, personal or interactive skills, creative ability, and a business or entrepreneurial where-with-all. We will report in this paper the results of a fall 2000 Department of Education FIPSE grant to implement changes in its graduate physics program to address these issues. The proposal goal was to produce next-generation physics graduate students that are trained to evaluate and overcome complex technical problems by their participation in courses emphasizing the commercialization of technology research. To produce next-generation physics graduates who have learned to work with their student colleagues for their mutual success in an industrial-like group setting. And finally, to produce graduates who can lead interdisciplinary groups in solving complex problems in their career field.

Vickers, Ken

2005-03-01

465

77 FR 2981 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...  

Science.gov (United States)

...collection burden on small business concerns with fewer...comments to the Federal Communications Commission via email...Decisions on Rates for the Basic Service Tier and Associated...collection. Respondents: Business or other for-profit...i) and 623 of the Communications Act of 1934, as...

2012-01-20

466

76 FR 68759 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...  

Science.gov (United States)

...collection burden on small business concerns with fewer...comments to the Federal Communications Commission via email...76.922, Rates for Basic Service Tiers and Cable...collection. Respondents: Business or other for-profit...i) and 623 of the Communications Act of 1934, as...

2011-11-07

467

76 FR 17860 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Science.gov (United States)

...collection burden for small business concerns with fewer...and to the Federal Communications Commission via e-mail...it seeks to regulate basic service cable rates...collection. Respondents: Business or other for-profit...and 325(a) of the Communications Act of 1934, as...

2011-03-31

468

76 FR 68184 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension...  

Science.gov (United States)

...information burden for small business concerns with fewer...fcc.gov, Federal Communications Commission (FCC...collection. Respondents: Business or other for-profit...203 and 204 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended...The TRPs display basic data on rate...

2011-11-03

469

75 FR 22591 - Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...  

Science.gov (United States)

...collection burden for small business concerns with fewer...and to the Federal Communications Commission via email...collection. Respondents: Businesses or other for-profit...i) and 623 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended...concerning rates for basic service tiers and...

2010-04-29

470

76 FR 53681 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission  

Science.gov (United States)

...collection burden on small business concerns with fewer...comments to the Federal Communications Commission via e-mail...collection. Respondents: Businesses or other for-profit...i) and 623 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended...justify rates for the basic service tier and...

2011-08-29

471

Field Epidemiology Training Programmes in Africa - Where are the Graduates?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The current shortage of human resources for health threatens the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. There is currently limited published evidence of health-related training programmes in Africa that have produced graduates, who remain and work in their countries after graduation. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that the majority of graduates of field epidemiology training programmes (FETPs in Africa stay on to work in their home countries--many as valuable resources to overstretched health systems. Methods Alumni data from African FETPs were reviewed in order to establish graduate retention. Retention was defined as a graduate staying and working in their home country for at least 3 years after graduation. African FETPs are located in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe. However, this paper only includes the Uganda and Zimbabwe FETPs, as all the others are recent programmes. Results This review shows that enrolment increased over the years, and that there is high graduate retention, with 85.1% (223/261 of graduates working within country of training; most working with Ministries of Health (46.2%; 105/261 and non-governmental organizations (17.5%; 40/261. Retention of graduates with a medical undergraduate degree was higher (Zimbabwe 80% [36/83]; Uganda 90.6% [125/178] than for those with other undergraduate qualifications (Zimbabwe 71.1% [27/83]; Uganda 87.5% [35/178]. Conclusions African FETPs have unique features which may explain their high retention of graduates. These include: programme ownership by ministries of health and local universities; well defined career paths; competence-based training coupled with a focus on field practice during training; awarding degrees upon completion; extensive training and research opportunities made available to graduates; and the social capital acquired during training.

Mukanga David

2010-08-01

472

49 CFR 266.9 - Federal/State share.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Federal/State share. 266.9 Section 266.9 Transportation ...OF TRANSPORTATION ACT § 266.9 Federal/State share. (a) Federal share. The Federal share of allowable costs under...

2010-10-01

473

Federated Observatory "Sense and Response" Framework  

Science.gov (United States)

Ocean Science is at the beginning of the epoch of the "Instrumented Earth". From here on, there will be a continuous accessible digital "signal" that represents the "Now" state of the Earth systems. For the foreseeable future, this signal will grow in multidimensional and multivariate resolution and complexity. The primary goal of this activity is to provide scientists with the means to characterize and respond to emergent phenomena though continuous real-time monitoring and analysis of selected portions of Earth's signature. The overarching focus of the Ocean Observatory Services activity is the development of a "Sense and Response" framework that operates on a continuous basis in real-time in a controlled and comprehensive manner. This presentation addresses the designs and prototypes of the basic components an Ocean Observatory taking place within LOOKING using WS Resource Framework based SOA: Data Stream Representation Real-time Data Stream Processing Instrument Management Data-Stream Representation The representations of data "sets" (data files) are often the focus of data management and archive systems, and only recently have efforts turned their attention to the unique characteristics and requirements of streaming data. In order for broad adoption of this essential data type by federated systems of ocean observatories enabling both producers and consumers of data streams to interoperate with technology independence the characteristics of data streams must defined and modeled Data-Stream Processing (DSP) Grid This activity is researching and prototyping a Data Stream processing capability that expands and contracts its capacity to meet the demands of dynamic and continuous real-time monitoring and analysis. The investigation is based on the hypothesis that workflow statements are the most likely expression of scientific inquiry in a continuous real-time observatory context. To this end, the project is focused on the integration of data stream, workflow and Grid technologies into a Data Stream Processing (DSP) Grid. The DSP Grid is conceptualized as a workflow engine with the capability to dynamically: Marshal the required data stream resources, Plan the decomposition of the process graph and Dispatch the component work across Grid resources to maintain data stream processing in real-time. Instrument Management Within the context of a federated system of Ocean Observatories, the concept of an Instrument is central. Instruments participant in a broad range of relationships spanning numerous application domains, and are required to satisfy a complex set of interactions across a dynamic range of computational contexts. This encompasses deployment, configuration, calibration, integration into observing system, monitoring (e.g., determining instrument status) and remote interaction (e.g., changing sample rates, requesting data). Instrument management includes both coupled computational components (e.g., the bidirectional symbiotic relationship between simulation models and instrument operations) as well as traditional operator-directed instrument control. Instrument management is a central task in observing systems and cuts across all aspects of a observing system.

Chave, A.; Arrott, M.; Orcutt, J.

2005-12-01

474

Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center Overview of FRMAC Operations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the event of a major radiological emergency, 17 federal agencies with various statutory responsibilities have agreed to coordinate their efforts at the emergency scene under the umbrella of the Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan. This cooperative effort will ensure that all federal radiological assistance fully supports their efforts to protect the public. the mandated federal cooperation ensures that each agency can obtain the data critical to its specific responsibilities. This Overview of Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC) describes the FRMAC response activities to a major radiological emergency. It also describes the federal assets and subsequent operational activities which provide federal radiological monitoring and assessment of the off-site areas.

NONE

1998-03-01

475

Virtual Visit to the ATLAS Control Room by the Rio Grande do Sul Federal University  

CERN Multimedia

The first State Encounter for the Physics Teaching of Rio Grande do Sul, EEEFis-RS, was organized in 2005 by the Physics Institute of the Rio Grande do Sul Federal University (UFRGS), via the Post-graduation in Physics Teaching, as one more initiative to promote the learning of Physics. Produced in the Center for Reference for Physics Teaching of UFRGS (CREF-UFGRS), in the Vale Campus, the event had support from CAPES. It counted 134 registered people for 3 days of very intense activity, visible here. New editions were produced since then, each time with more people. The V EEEFis-RS will happen between October 17th and 19th, 2013. More information is available here. - See more at: http://atlas-live-virtual-visit.web.cern.ch/atlas-live-virtual-visit/2013/PortoAlegre-2013.html

2013-01-01

476

Processo de institucionalização do curso de administração pública a distância em uma Universidade Federal / Institutionalization process of a distance public administration course of a Federal University  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho objetivou analisar o processo de institucionalização do curso de graduação em administração pública a distância da Universidade Federal de Lavras e, especificamente, analisar as fases do processo de institucionalização e identificar evidências de isomorfismo e legitimação. Para tanto, [...] o estudo baseia-se na teoria de Tolbert e Zucker (1998) que subdivide o processo de institucionalização em três distintas fases: habitualização, objetificação e sedimentação. Para a coleta de dados, realizaram-se entrevistas semiestruturadas com os coordenadores do curso, do Centro de Educação a Distância e do departamento de Administração e Economia, totalizando 11 entrevistas. Essas foram gravadas e transcritas. Após a transcrição, realizou-se análise de conteúdo temática com o apoio do software livre Weft QDA (Qualitative Data Analysis). De uma forma geral, pode-se perceber que está ocorrendo o processo de institucionalização do curso de administração pública a distância, apresentando um estágio moderado de habitualização e objetificação, e um estágio de baixa sedimentação. Nesse processo, evidenciaram-se o isomorfismo coercitivo e a legitimidade regulativa. Abstract in english The objective of this study was to analyze the institutionalization process of an online graduate course in public administration at the Federal University of Lavras (Universidade Federal de Lavras [UFLA]), specifically the institutionalization process phases, and to identify evidence of