In 1996, college athletes in "revenue-producing" sports (basketball and football) graduated at lower rates than other students, while athletes in general graduated at a higher rate than that of other undergraduates. Much of the recent improvement in athlete graduation rates is attributed to women. Data on graduation rates are tabulated by ethnic
Full Text Available The No Child Left Behind Act has brought great attention to the high school graduation rate as one of the mandatory accountability measures for public school systems. However, there is no consensus on how to calculate the high school graduation rate given the lack of longitudinal databases that track individual students. This study reviews literature on and practices in reporting high school graduation rates, compares graduation rate estimates yielded from alternative methods, and estimates discrepancies between alternative results at national, state, and state ethnic group levels. Despite the graduation rate method used, results indicate that high school graduation rates in the U.S. have been declining in recent years and that graduation rates for black and Hispanic students lag substantially behind those of white students. As to graduation rate method preferred, this study found no evidence that the conceptually more complex methods yield more accurate or valid graduation rate estimates than the simpler methods.
Gregory J. Marchant; Sharon E. Paulson
The current study examined the effect of high school graduation exams on states' graduation rates, states' aggregated SAT scores, and individual students' SAT scores. Three data sources were used: One source identified states requiring a standardized test for graduation; the NCES provided state aggregated data on graduation rates for the class of 2002; and the College Board provided its 2001 SAT database for all test-takers. After controlling for students' demographic characteristics (e.g., r...
Gregory J. Marchant
Full Text Available The current study examined the effect of high school graduation exams on states' graduation rates, states' aggregated SAT scores, and individual students' SAT scores. Three data sources were used: One source identified states requiring a standardized test for graduation; the NCES provided state aggregated data on graduation rates for the class of 2002; and the College Board provided its 2001 SAT database for all test-takers. After controlling for students' demographic characteristics (e.g., race, family education and income, GPA and class rank, regression analyses revealed that states requiring graduation exams had lower graduation rates and lower SAT scores. Individually, students from states requiring a graduation exam performed more poorly on the SAT than did students from states not requiring an exam. The impact of high stakes tests' on students' motivation to stay in school and on the teaching of critical thinking skills (tested by the SAT are discussed.
Fung, Terence Yip-hung
Under the George W. Bush U.S. presidential administration, the federal government pushed for greater accountability among institutions of higher education for educational outcomes. Graduation rate is a key performance indicator of institutional accountability. Previous researchers of student attrition focused primarily on the effects of student
Full Text Available This study examined NCAA Division I mens basketball initial academic non-qualifiers, their low graduation rate, and variables that increase these rates. While graduation rates and overall academic success of Division I student-athletes has, in fact, improved over the past 25 years (National Collegiate Athletic Association, 2009e, there is still much room for growth. Academic support systems as well as a coaching staffs perceived communicated importance of academics appears to play a role in the student athlete success rate.
An expansion in higher education in combination with the recent global economic recession has resulted in a high college graduate unemployment rate in Taiwan. This study investigates how the high unemployment rate and financial constraints caused by economic cutbacks have shaped undergraduates' class choices, job needs, and future incomeâ¦
An expansion in higher education in combination with the recent global economic recession has resulted in a high college graduate unemployment rate in Taiwan. This study investigates how the high unemployment rate and financial constraints caused by economic cutbacks have shaped undergraduates' class choices, job needs, and future income
Romanik, Dale; Froman, Terry
This Research Brief addresses an outcome measure that is of paramount importance to senior high schools--graduation rate. Nationwide a student drops out of school approximately every nine seconds. The significance of this issue locally is exemplified by a recent American Civil Liberties Union filing of a class action law suit against the Palm
Sweitzer, Kyle; Volkwein, J. Fredericks
Using a conceptual model, this study examines the variables associated with the "U.S. News and World Report" peer assessment ratings of graduate and professional schools in business, education, engineering, law, and medicine. What are the correlates of prestige among the nation's leading graduate and professional schools, and are they consistent
Purpose: To determine the employment status and location of recent Canadian radiation oncology (RO) graduates and to identify current workforce entry trends. Methods and Materials: A fill-in-the-blank spreadsheet was distributed to all RO program directors in December 2013 and June 2014, requesting the employment status and location of their graduates over the last 3 years. Visa trainee graduates were excluded. Results: Response rate from program directors was 100% for both survey administrations. Of 101 graduates identified, 99 (98%) had known employment status and location. In the December survey, 5 2013 graduates (16%), 17 2012 graduates (59%), and 18 2011 graduates (75%) had permanent staff employment. Six months later, 5 2014 graduates (29%), 15 2013 graduates (48%), 24 2012 graduates (83%), and 21 2011 graduates (88%) had secured staff positions. Fellowships and temporary locums were common for those without staff employment. The proportion of graduates with staff positions abroad increased from 22% to 26% 6 months later. Conclusions: Workforce entry for most RO graduates was delayed but showed steady improvement with longer time after graduation. High emigration rates for jobs abroad signify domestic employment challenges for newly certified, Canadian-trained radiation oncologists. Coordination on a national level is required to address and regulate radiation oncologist supply and demand disequilibrium in Canada
Graduation rates of football players and men's and women's basketball players at National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I colleges have reached their lowest level in seven years, with fewer black athletes graduating than at any time since the mid-1980s. Eight universities graduated at least 90% of athletes enrolling between 1989 and
Full Text Available We present data regarding the care provided to graduate level health professionals at the mental health center of the Federal University of São Paulo. From September 1996 to September 2003, 146 graduate students (99 in the Master's degree program and 47 in the Doctoral program were attended. This population was predominantly female (68.5%, with a mean (± SD age of 28.6 ± 4.42 years, not married (71.9%. Most of the subjects were professionals who had not graduated from the Federal University (78.1%. The students who sought help for psychological and/or psychiatric problems were classified into two categories: situational-adaptive crises and psychopathological crises. The main diagnoses were depression and anxiety disorders (44% causing 4.5% of the subjects to be temporarily suspended from their graduate studies; 19.2% reported that they had used psychotropic drugs within the previous month, and 47.9% referred to sleep disturbances. Suicidal tendencies were mentioned by 18% of those interviewed. Students with emotional disturbances and academic dysfunctions should be recognized at an early stage, and it is fundamental for them to have access to mental health programs that provide formal, structured and confidential care. Thus, it is important that professors and advisors in graduate programs build a warm and affective learning environment. If we consider the expressive growth in Brazilian scientific production resulting from the implementation of an extensive national system of graduate education, it is important to focus efforts on enhancing and upgrading the mental health care system.
L.A., Nogueira-Martins; R., Fagnani Neto; P.C.M., Macedo; V.A., Cítero; J.J., Mari.
Full Text Available We present data regarding the care provided to graduate level health professionals at the mental health center of the Federal University of São Paulo. From September 1996 to September 2003, 146 graduate students (99 in the Master's degree program and 47 in the Doctoral program) were attended. This p [...] opulation was predominantly female (68.5%), with a mean (± SD) age of 28.6 ± 4.42 years, not married (71.9%). Most of the subjects were professionals who had not graduated from the Federal University (78.1%). The students who sought help for psychological and/or psychiatric problems were classified into two categories: situational-adaptive crises and psychopathological crises. The main diagnoses were depression and anxiety disorders (44%) causing 4.5% of the subjects to be temporarily suspended from their graduate studies; 19.2% reported that they had used psychotropic drugs within the previous month, and 47.9% referred to sleep disturbances. Suicidal tendencies were mentioned by 18% of those interviewed. Students with emotional disturbances and academic dysfunctions should be recognized at an early stage, and it is fundamental for them to have access to mental health programs that provide formal, structured and confidential care. Thus, it is important that professors and advisors in graduate programs build a warm and affective learning environment. If we consider the expressive growth in Brazilian scientific production resulting from the implementation of an extensive national system of graduate education, it is important to focus efforts on enhancing and upgrading the mental health care system.
Bolli, Thomas; Agasisti, Tommaso; Johnes, Geraint
Using National Research Council data, we investigate the determinants of graduation rates in US Ph.D. programmes. We emphasise the impact that support and facilities offered to doctoral students have on completion rates. Significant, strong and positive effects are found for the provision of on-site graduate conferences and dedicated workspace,
Doyle, William R.
The largest gains in graduation rates over the past decade have been accomplished at open-access or nearly open-access colleges and universities. In addition, states could see even bigger increases if they directed their policies and supports toward improving graduation rates at these nonselective institutions. These findings from the author's
Murnane, Richard J.
I survey the evidence on patterns in U.S. high school graduation rates over the period 1970-2010 and report the results of new research conducted to fill in holes in the evidence. I begin by pointing out the strengths and limitations of existing data sources. I then describe six striking patterns in graduation rates. They include stagnation over
Spangler, J. Mark; Slate, John R.
In this investigation, the graduation and persistence rates of Texas community college students by ethnic membership (i.e., White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian) for the 2000, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 academic years were examined. Statistically significant differences were present between the 2000 and the 2010 graduation and
Using data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System and College Results Online--a website that lets the public access a school's enrollment and graduation statistics on the basis of categories such as race, ethnicity, and gender--Education Trust or EdTrust, a Washington, DC-based nonprofit that aims to close the gaps that keep many
...1615, et al. Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: New Premium Rating...RIN 3206-AM39 Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: New Premium Rating...document amends the Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) regulations...
Paxton, Pamela; Bollen, Kenneth A.
Analyzes graduate school ratings in three related disciplines - sociology, political science, and economics - from two rating sources: the National Research Council and "U.S. News and World Report." Hypothesizes three major components to ratings: perceived departmental quality, systematic error owing to the method of data collection, and random
Huebener, Mathias; Marcus, Jan
The G8 high school reform to reduce the total number of years spent at Gymnasium (Germany's academic-track secondary school) has been more controversial than almost any other education reform in recent years. Although there are few reliable empirical findings on the effects of the G8 reform, several federal states are already considering a return to the old system, which required 13 years - rather than 12 under the G8 system - for graduation from Gymnasium. A new study by DIW Berlin examines ...
Hauser, Robert M., Ed.; Koenig, Judith Anderson, Ed.
High school graduation and dropout rates have long been used as indicators of educational system productivity and effectiveness and of social and economic well being. While determining these rates may seem like a straightforward task, their calculation is in fact quite complicated. How does one count a student who leaves a regular high school but
Office of Personnel Management â Annual reports of the Federal Prevailing Rate Advisory Committee (FPRAC), which studies the prevailing (market) rate system for wages and other matters pertinent to...
Becker, Lee B.
Presents findings of an annual enrollment survey of journalism and mass communication programs in the United States. Discusses growth rates of enrollment and degrees granted, 10 largest programs, number of schools offering sequences or specializations, and enrollment and degrees granted by gender and by racial or ethnic classification. (SR)
Jaquette, Ozan; Hillman, Nicholas W.
Both federal spending on financial aid and student loan default rates have increased over the past decade. These trends have intensified policymakers' concerns that some postsecondary institutions-- particularly in the for-profit sector--maximize revenue derived from federal financial aid without helping students to graduate or find employment.
Simmons, Christopher L.
This mixed methods study focused on the relationship between dropout prevention programs and graduation rates in one school district in Florida during the 2010-2011 school year. The dropout prevention program data analyzed included high school principals' perceptions in regard to perceived effectiveness, fidelity of implementation, cost efficacy,
Regression analysis indicates that graduation rates for public community colleges in the United States are adversely affected when institutions rely heavily upon part-time faculty instruction. Negative effects may be partially offset if the use of part-time faculty increases the net faculty resource available per student. However, the evidence
Lewis, Gregory B.
Analysis of a 1% sample of performance appraisals of federal employees of comparable education and experience (1990-95) found that women, especially whites, received higher ratings than white men at the same level. Minorities were more likely to receive a "fully successful" rating and less likely to receive an "outstanding" rating. (SK)
Parks, David R.
Research has shown that low graduation rates are a problem in high schools across the United States. The problem is significant at a small, inner-city charter high school in a southwestern US state that had a 2008 graduation rate of 34%. After assessing the situation, educators at this school developed the Credit Retrieval Program (CRP) to help
Fahey, John M.
Low graduation rates of high school students are a problem for the Native American community. One possible solution for low graduation rates is a credit recovery program that may assist Native American students to recover credit not earned in their early high school years. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a credit
Hardinger, Regina Gail
Many educational administrators in Georgia continue to struggle with low student academic achievement and low high school graduation rates. DuFour's professional learning community (PLC) theory suggests a positive relationship between levels of PLC implementation and academic achievement and between levels of PLC implementation and graduation
Johnson, Sheryl L.
The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a correlation between principal leadership style and graduation rates of Latino and African American male students. The study also examined the principal leadership style to determine whether or not principal leadership style had an impact on the percentage of students graduating from high
Crésio, Alves; Márcia, Brandão; Juliana, Andion; Rafaela, Menezes.
Full Text Available A avaliação do fluxo salivar é importante em várias situações da prática odontológica. Porém, sua mensuração é habitualmente realizada através da pesagem do volume coletado, o que não é prático na rede pública de saúde. Esse trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar o uso de seringas hipodérmicas graduadas [...] como alternativa mais simples para mensurar o fluxo salivar. Foram analisadas amostras de saliva de 50 indivíduos (31 mulheres e 19 homens) com idades entre 8 e 32 anos (média:12,4 anos) saudáveis, recrutados no ambulatório de odontologia de dois centros da rede pública de saúde. Após a coleta, a saliva foi pesada numa balança analítica de precisão e comparada com o volume aferido através de sua mensuração em mililitros obtido com o uso de seringas hipodérmicas graduadas. O coeficiente de correlação de Pearson mostrou a existência de uma associação positiva e significativa entre os dois métodos de mensuração do fluxo salivar (r = 0,996; p Abstract in english The evaluation of the salivary flow rate is important in several situations of dental practice. However, weighing the collected salivary volume it is not a practical method in public health services. This work evaluated the use of hypodermic graduated syringes as a simpler alternative method to meas [...] ure the salivary flow rate. Saliva samples were obtained from 50 individuals (31 females and 19 males) aged 8 to 32 years (mean age: 12.4 years), recruited at the outpatient dental clinics of two public health centers. After collection, the saliva was weighed in a graduated scale and the results compared with the volume obtained through its measurement, in mL, in graduated hypodermic syringes. There was a positive and significant relationship between the two methods of measuring salivary flow rates as demonstrated by the Pearson's correlation coefficient (r = 0.996, with p
Gilmour, Heather B.
NCAA data indicates that Division III student-athletes are graduating at higher rates than their non-athlete peers. Graduation rate data alone do not provide a full understanding of student-athletes' academic success. The data thus far simply show empirically that student-athletes have a higher federal six-year graduation rate, but
...RIN 3206-AM39 Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: New Premium Rating...regulation amending the Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) regulations and also the Federal Employees Health Benefits Acquisition...
...RIN 3206-AM39 Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: New Premium Rating...regulation amending the Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) regulations and also the Federal Employees Health Benefits Acquisition...
Skovgaard, Marlene; Okkels, Niels; Christensen, Mette Krogh; Telinius, Niklas; Hauge, Ellen-Margrethe
INTRODUCTION: In the 1990s, the publication and PhD recruitment rates following the Danish pre-graduate research programme (PGRP) in medicine were 54% and 33%, respectively. Updated estimates are unknown. METHODS: All medical students enrolled in the PGRP at the Faculty of Medicine, Aarhus...... overall 224 papers, and 90% were original articles. Publication was positively associated with completion of the PGRP in < 18 months and with embarking on a PhD and with having a male main supervisor. PhD recruitment was related to enrolment in the PGRP after fewer years in medical school. CONCLUSIONS...... University (Health), Denmark, during 2003-2012 were included (n = 687). The PGRP files were merged with PhD students' files at Health. A systematic literature search was completed for research students who had enrolled during the 2006-2009 period (n = 227). The factors investigated were student age, sex...
Newell, Jeremiah; Akers, Carolyn
Through sustained community organizing and strategic partnerships, the Mobile (Alabama) County Public School System is improving achievement and creating beat-the-odds schools that set and achieve high academic expectations despite the challenges of poverty and racial disparity. The authors chart how Mobile's Research Alliance for Multiple Pathways, funded through the U.S. Department of Labor's Multiple Pathways Blueprint Initiative, is identifying gaps in services throughout the community, analyzing the data about dropouts, benchmarking other communities, studying best practices, and mobilizing the community to expect and demand higher graduation rates. These activities are resulting in early identification of off-track students and coordination of school- and community-based reforms. PMID:20973078
Hast, Robert H.
This report presents findings of an investigation of the use of federal research and development grant funds by the University of California system in its payments to graduate student researchers (GSRs). Specifically, the study examined whether: (1) compensation paid to GSRs was in accordance with guidelines of the Office of Management and Budget;
Jorgenson, Terra A.
This research project identified three distinct groups of individuals the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) utilizes when filling the employee ranks of Air Traffic Controllers (ATC). After a nationwide strike, President Reagan fired the entire ATC workforce in 1981 (Pavel, 2012). Since then the FAA has worked very diligently in filling the vacant positions. Now three decades later the impending retirements and attrition of those hired earlier is estimated at nearly 14,000 controllers over the next 10 years (FAA CWP, 2012). In response to this shortage it would be advantageous for the FAA to minimize the time lapsed in the selection, hiring and training processes. If the hiring process time was decreased, it would save the FAA money in terms of a reduction in the initial cost of training Air Traffic Controllers (GAO, 2012; IRP, 2011). Traditionally the FAA hires from three distinct groups of people. The first is those with prior ATC experience which was usually obtained through the military. Second the general public with no experience and third the Air Traffic Collegiate Training Initiative (AT-CTI) candidates. The AT-CTI program is a valued partner with the FAA that helps educate the next generation of Air Traffic Controllers; however in the past the program has had difficulty producing the total number of replacement controllers needed. Due to the delay some CTI graduates may choose other career paths rather than wait and be hired to go to the FAA Academy which will further reduce the number of candidates for the FAA to hire. To date, no public research has been done pertaining to the time delay in the hiring process of AT-CTI candidates and the impact on training success at the FAA Academy and at the CTI's first FAA facility. This study used a survey tool to gather information on how long AT-CTI graduates wait to be hired to attend the FAA Academy. Information was gathered on the factors that may affect the time lapse between graduation and the time they arrive at the FAA Academy. In addition, the effect of the wait on the success rate of training at the FAA Academy and at the candidate's first facility was examined. Data was collected to examine the relationship between a CTI graduate's performance in the CTI program and the individual's performance during FAA training at the FAA Academy and assignment to their first facility. Through correlation analysis of the Air Traffic Basics (AT-Basic), Air Traffic Selection and Training (AT-SAT) and Performance Verification (PV) scores there was significant correlation between the AT-Basic and PV scores. As the AT-Basic score increases so does the PV scores. There needs to be future research on GPA's, PV's, AT-SAT and AT-Basics scores to determine if any of them are predictors of CTI's success in training. If the FAA can better predict if an applicant will be successful in training, it can save the FAA money in the selection, hiring and training process.
Hedayat, Mina; Kahn, Sabzali Musa; Hanafi, Jaffri
The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between the opportunities of female artist graduates in Tehran Province and the current employment market. Mixed method was employed in this study. The population of the current study consisted of 240 female artist graduates selected using a systematic random sampling method from both public andâ¦
Hedayat, Mina; Kahn, Sabzali Musa; Hanafi, Jaffri
The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between the opportunities of female artist graduates in Tehran Province and the current employment market. Mixed method was employed in this study. The population of the current study consisted of 240 female artist graduates selected using a systematic random sampling method from both public and
Steinberg, Michael; Morin, Anna K
Objective. To evaluate the impact of admission characteristics on graduation in an accelerated doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) program. Methods. Selected prematriculation characteristics of students entering the graduation class years of 2009-2012 on the Worcester and Manchester campuses of MCPHS University were analyzed and compared for on-time graduation. Results. Eighty-two percent of evaluated students (699 of 852) graduated on time. Students who were most likely to graduate on-time attended a 4-year school, previously earned a bachelor's degree, had an overall prematriculation grade point average (GPA) greater than or equal to 3.6, and graduated in the spring just prior to matriculating to the university. Factors that reduced the likelihood of graduating on time were also identified. Work experience had a marginal impact on graduating on time. Conclusion. Although there is no certainty in college admission decisions, prematriculation characteristics can help predict the likelihood for academic success of students in an accelerated PharmD program. PMID:26689686
Scrivener, Susan; Weiss, Michael J.; Ratledge, Alyssa; Rudd, Timothy; Sommo, Colleen; Fresques, Hannah
Community colleges offer a pathway to the middle class for low-income individuals. Although access to college has expanded, graduation rates at community colleges remain low, especially for students who need developmental (remedial) courses to build their math, reading, or writing skills. The City University of New York's (CUNY's) Accelerated
Rafferty, Margaret; Lindell, Deborah
College graduates are entering specially designed accelerated (second-degree) prelicensure nursing programs in record numbers, but research regarding program outcomes is scarce. Nurse managers attending a national nursing conference participated in research comparing the clinical competencies of 93 accelerated graduates with those of 107 traditional baccalaureate nursing degree (BSN) graduates using an adapted version of Dr. Patricia Schwirian's Six-Dimension Scale of Nursing Performance. Two-tailed t tests for independent groups were used to test for differences between the accelerated and traditional groups. The results showed that these two groups were not significantly different. The results of this study provide evidence that accelerated programs produce graduates who are comparable to their traditional BSN peers in clinical competencies. PMID:21366163
Colbert, Robert D.
High school graduation rates nationally have declined in recent years, despite public and private efforts. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether practice of the Quiet Time/Transcendental Meditation® program at a medium-size urban school results in higher school graduation rates compared to students who do not receive training
Skovgaard, Marlene; Okkels, Niels
INTRODUCTION: In the 1990s, the publication and PhD recruitment rates following the Danish pre-graduate research programme (PGRP) in medicine were 54% and 33%, respectively. Updated estimates are unknown. METHODS: All medical students enrolled in the PGRP at the Faculty of Medicine, Aarhus University (Health), Denmark, during 2003-2012 were included (n = 687). The PGRP files were merged with PhD students' files at Health. A systematic literature search was completed for research students who had enrolled during the 2006-2009 period (n = 227). The factors investigated were student age, sex, PGRP completion time and years in medical school at the time of PGRP initiation. Supervisors were described by sex, title, position and affiliation. Calculations were tested by the chi-squared test; p < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: A larger proportion of male medical students conducted a PGRP compared to female medical students (28% versus 19%; p < 0.01). Within three and a half years from PGRP initiation, 13% of the research students had enrolled in a PhD programme at Health, and 52% had published ? 1 paper with ? 1 supervisor. The research student was the first author on 43% of the overall 224 papers, and 90% were original articles. Publication was positively associated with completion of the PGRP in < 18 months and with embarking on a PhD and with having a male main supervisor. PhD recruitment was related to enrolment in the PGRP after fewer years in medical school. CONCLUSIONS: Fast completion of the PGRP and early enrolment in the programme were associated with scientific publishing and PhD recruitment. The publication rate has remained stable over time. FUNDING: Authors were funded by their individual affiliations. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.
...-AJ09 Federal Travel Regulation; Removal of Privately Owned Vehicle Rates; Privately Owned Automobile Mileage Reimbursement When Government Owned Automobiles Are Authorized; Miscellaneous Amendments AGENCY... is amending the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) by removing the Privately Owned Vehicle (POV)...
WOMEN UNIVERSITY GRADUATES IN CONTINUING EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT, AN EXPLORATORY STUDY INITIATED BY THE CANADIAN FEDERATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN 1966, AND LA FEMME DIPLOMEE FACE A L'EDUCATION PERMANENTE ET AU MONDE DU TRAVAIL.
COCKBURN, PATRICIA; RAYMOND, YVONNE R.
TO MEASURE THE EMPLOYMENT POTENTIAL OF CANADIAN WOMEN UNIVERSITY GRADUATES, TO INTEREST GOVERNMENT IN RETRAINING PROFESSIONAL WOMEN, AND TO ASSESS THE INTEREST OF WOMEN IN CONTINUING THEIR UNIVERSITY EDUCATION, A MAIL SURVEY WAS MADE OF 10,000 MEMBERS OF THE CANADIAN FEDERATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN, 500 NON-MEMBER GRADUATES, AND 850 FRENCH-SPEAKING
Steinberg, Adria; Almeida, Cheryl A.
An increasing number of state leaders have begun to grapple with one of the significant challenges of K-12 reform: how to substantially increase the percentage of young people graduating from high school while also continuing to bring academic standards into alignment with the skills and knowledge required for success in higher education and
In the past, negative effects of not graduating high school have included a higher likelihood of unemployment, a greater chance of living below the poverty line, and relying on government supported programs. Health problems and criminal activities are also linked to the incompletion of high school. One domain of the high school curriculum, Career
Robertson, Sue; Canary, Cheryl Westlake; Orr, Marsha; Herberg, Paula; Rutledge, Dana N
Measurement and analysis of progression and graduation rates is a well-established activity in schools of nursing. Such rates are indices of program effectiveness and student success. The Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (2008), in its recently revised Standards for Accreditation of Baccalaureate and Graduate Degree Nursing Programs, specifically dictated that graduation rates (including discussion of entry points, timeframes) be calculated for each degree program. This context affects what is considered timely progression to graduation. If progression and graduation rates are critical outcomes, then schools must fully understand their measurement as well as interpretation of results. Because no national benchmarks for nursing student progression/graduation rates exist, schools try to set expectations that are realistic yet academically sound. RN-to-bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) students are a unique cohort of baccalaureate learners who need to be understood within their own learning context. The purposes of this study were to explore issues and processes of measuring progression and graduation rates in an RN-to-BSN population and to identify factors that facilitate/hinder their successful progression to work toward establishing benchmarks for success. Using data collected from 14 California schools of nursing with RN-to-BSN programs, RN-to-BSN students were identified as generally older, married, and going to school part-time while working and juggling family responsibilities. The study found much program variation in definition of terms and measures used to report progression and graduation rates. A literature review supported the use of terms such as attrition, retention, persistence, graduation, completion, and success rates, in an overlapping and sometimes synonymous fashion. Conceptual clarity and standardization of measurements are needed to allow comparisons and setting of realistic benchmarks. One of the most important factors identified in this study is the potentially prolonged RN-to-BSN timeline to graduation. This underlines the need to look beyond standardized educational norms for graduation rates and consider the realities of "persistence" by which these students are successful in completing their studies. It also raises the question of whether student success and program success/effectiveness are two separate measures or two separate events on one progression timeline. While clarifying our thinking about success in this population of students, the study raised many questions that warrant further research and debate. PMID:20304377
Full Text Available This paper aims to introduce into the literature a competing risks methodology that can be used to help identify some student-specific and/or institutional factors which may be influencing the type of outcome experienced by a student when they leave the university system. Focusing on the length of t [...] ime that it takes students to graduate or drop out from their studies, this new methodology was applied to a database comprising all students enrolled for a degree at the University of KwaZulu-Natal between the years 2004 and 2012. Financial aid and residence-based accommodation were found to help students who will eventually graduate to do so quicker in terms of the number of credit points that they have to repeat. These same factors, however, also cause someone who will eventually be excluded on academic grounds to linger longer in the system. By focusing on the number of extra credit points that it takes to reach a particular exit point, this paper introduces into the literature a new measure whose use will help to overcome some of the more obvious problems that can occur when one uses calendar time to measure the length of time that it takes to reach a particular exit point.
...the Federal Employees Health Benefits Acquisition...by which premiums for community rated FEHB carriers are...and in Department of Health and Human Services...process will apply to all community rated plans, except...stated that using penalty funds to subsidize other...
Curry, Allison E; Pfeiffer, Melissa R; Elliott, Michael R; Durbin, Dennis R
New Jersey (NJ) implemented the first-in-the-US Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) decal provision in May 2010 for young drivers with learner's permits or intermediate licenses. Previous analyses found an association between the provision and crash reduction among intermediate drivers. The aim of this study is to examine the association between NJ's provision and GDL citation and crash rates among drivers aged <21?years with learner's permits. We estimated monthly per-driver rates from January 2006 through June 2012. Negative binomial modeling compared pre and post decal crash rates adjusted for gender, age, calendar month, and gas price. The monthly GDL citation rate was two per 10,000 drivers in the predecal and postdecal periods. Crashes were rare and rates declined similarly pre and post decal (adjusted rate ratio of postdecal vs predecal slope: 1.04 (0.97 to 1.12)). NJ's GDL decal provision was not associated with a change in citation or crash rates among young NJ drivers with learner's permits. PMID:26124072
... ADMINISTRATION Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Relocation Allowances--Standard Mileage Rate for Moving Purposes... (M), Office of Travel, Transportation and Asset Management (MT), General Services Administration at.... Craig J. Flynn, Deputy Director, Office of Travel, Transportation and Asset Management, Office...
Follow-up, using logistic regression analysis, of 371 underrepresented minority students who completed an intensive, nine-week pre-admission program prior to acceptance into medical school found performance in the program predicted whether participants would: (1) apply to medical school, (2) get accepted, and (3) graduate. Implications for
Jordan is viewed as a country of social, political, and economic advancement. It currently leads the region in literacy rates and is well on its way to achieving gender equity. Despite Jordan's reputation as one of the most 'advanced' countries in the region, there have been conflicted reports on higher education completion rates of women. Some
... Insurance Program INSURANCE COVERAGE AND RATES § 61.12 Rates based on a flood protection system involving... progress on the construction of a flood protection system involving Federal funds which will significantly... Administrator sufficient to determine that substantial completion of the flood protection system has...
... carriers, including their most current safety rating, is available from the FMCSA on the Internet at http... safety rating becomes final, FMCSA will issue an order placing out of service the motor carrier's... Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...
Webber, Douglas A.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
Rates of tuition increases in both private and public higher education that continually exceed inflation, coupled with the fact that the United States no longer leads the world in terms of the fraction of young adults who have college degrees, have focused attention on why costs keep increasing in higher education and what categories of higher
Webber, Douglas A.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
During the last two decades, median instructional spending per full-time equivalent (FTE) student at American 4-year colleges and universities has grown at a slower rate than median spending per FTE student in a number of other expenditure categories, including academic support, student services and research. Our paper uses institutional level
Bellot-Arcís, Carlos; Montiel-Company, José M.; Gandía-Franco, José L.
Objectives: To maintain high treatment quality it is important to evaluate orthodontic treatment results using objective methods. Outcome assessments allow private practitioners and university students to evaluate their results and raise the level of treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the orthodontic treatment outcome in a post-graduate orthodontics program in the University of Valencia (Spain) and to determine whether the treatment outcome is related to several factors as gender, age at start of the treatment, treatment duration, treatment method, extraction-non extraction treatment and cooperation needed. Material and Methods: A sample of 50 patients treated in the post-graduate clinic was randomly selected. Pre-treatment and post-treatment study casts have been assessed by the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR index). The influence of various factors: gender, age at start of the treatment, treatment duration, treatment method, extraction-non extraction treatment, cooperation needed and number of students finishing each case, were statistically analyzed. Results: According to the PAR index, orthodontic treatment reduced the malocclusion in a mean point reduction of 21.4 (CI 95% 18.7-24.1) and a mean percentage reduction of 80.5% (CI 95% 75.9-85.1). The total of the cases improved, 44% of the patients were in greatly improved category. Conclusions: None of the variables studied influenced significantly the treatment outcomes regarding the PAR. Based on the general classification criteria of the index, the results showed that the patients received a high standard treatment. Key words:Treatment outcome, orthodontics education, PAR Index. PMID:25593657
...-AJ09 Federal Travel Regulation; Removal of Privately Owned Vehicle Rates; Privately Owned Automobile Mileage Reimbursement When Government Owned Automobiles Are Authorized; Miscellaneous Amendments... date for the final rule published on November 29, 2010 at 75 FR 72965 remains November 29, 2010....
... Personnel Management (OPM) may establish an NAF wage area when there are a minimum of 26 NAF wage employees... 3206-AM49 Prevailing Rate Systems; Abolishment of Monmouth, NJ, as a Nonappropriated Fund Federal Wage System Wage Area AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Interim rule with request...
Knapik Joseph J; Grier Tyson; Spiess Anita; Swedler David I; Hauret Keith G; Graham Bria; Yoder James; Jones Bruce H
Abstract Background A one-year prospective examination of injury rates and injury risk factors was conducted in Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) new agent training. Methods Injury incidents were obtained from medical records and injury compensation forms. Potential injury risk factors were acquired from a lifestyle questionnaire and existing data at the FBI Academy. Results A total of 426 men and 105 women participated in the project. Thirty-five percent of men and 42% of women experienc...
Gumbau-Brisa, Fabià; Olivei, Giovanni P.
The authors derive an estimate of the Federal Reserve's assessment of the natural rate of unemployment in real time from the Greenbook forecast of inflation. The estimated natural rate starts to rise noticeably in the second half of the mid-1970s. It stays relatively high in the 1980s, and then declines noticeably in the second half of the 1990s. They compare the Greenbook estimates with the estimates obtained in real time from simple relationships that extract information about the natural r...
The objective of this study was to identify the characteristics of effective graduation coaches (GCs) and credit recovery programs and explain the influence of a GC and a credit recovery program on Grade 9 students at risk of dropping out. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a high school GC and enrollment in a credit recovery
GonzálezGil-de-Bernabé, Paloma; Bellot-Arcís, Carlos; Montiel-Company, José M.; Gandía-Franco, José L.
Objectives: To maintain high treatment quality it is important to evaluate orthodontic treatment results using objective methods. Outcome assessments allow private practitioners and university students to evaluate their results and raise the level of treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the orthodontic treatment outcome in a post-graduate orthodontics program in the University of Valencia (Spain) and to determine whether the treatment outcome is related to several factors a...
Khalid Rashid, Alkhater; Syed Abul, Basher
Supporters of the Arab oil-exporting countries decades-long fixed exchange rate regime argue that since, oil is traded in United States (US) dollars, pegging to the dollar is optimal. However, the weakening relationship between oil prices and the US economy in terms of the Federal Reserves expansionary monetary stance amid soaring oil prices for much of the previous decade has raised questions about the viability of the peg. Using Qatar as a case study, this paper empirically analyzes wheth...
Guo, Kun; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Cheng, Si-Wei; Sornette, Didier
Using a recently introduced method to quantify the time-varying lead-lag dependencies between pairs of economic time series (the thermal optimal path method), we test two fundamental tenets of the theory of fixed income: (i) the stock market variations and the yield changes should be anti-correlated; (ii) the change in central bank rates, as a proxy of the monetary policy of the central bank, should be a predictor of the future stock market direction. Using both monthly and weekly data, we found very similar lead-lag dependence between the S&P 500 stock market index and the yields of bonds inside two groups: bond yields of short-term maturities (Federal funds rate (FFR), 3M, 6M, 1Y, 2Y, and 3Y) and bond yields of long-term maturities (5Y, 7Y, 10Y, and 20Y). In all cases, we observe the opposite of (i) and (ii). First, the stock market and yields move in the same direction. Second, the stock market leads the yields, including especially the FFR. Moreover, we find that the short-term yields in the first group lead the long-term yields in the second group before the financial crisis that started in mid-2007 and the inverse relationship holds afterwards. These results suggest that the Federal Reserve is increasingly mindful of the stock market behavior, seen as key to the recovery and health of the economy. Long-term investors seem also to have been more reactive and mindful of the signals provided by the financial stock markets than the Federal Reserve itself after the start of the financial crisis. The lead of the S&P 500 stock market index over the bond yields of all maturities is confirmed by the traditional lagged cross-correlation analysis. PMID:21857954
...the rate of inflation under the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of...CREDIT SYSTEM RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules and Procedures for Assessment and Collection of Civil Money Penalties § 622.61...
Chai Lee Goi; Christine Siik Hung Lau
The main objective of this research is to study the valuable of Curtin University of Technology Sarawaks graduates in 2006, as well as to study graduates perception and recommendation on programs offered. Questionnaires were distributed to School of Business and School of Engineerings graduates before the Graduation Ceremony held on 11th May 2006 at the Imperial Hall, Mega Hotel. The study found that the employment rate is 64.9% in 2006. Unemployment rate dropped from 36% in 2004 to 25.3% ...
Guo, Kun; Cheng, Si-Wei; Sornette, Didier
Using a recently introduced method to quantify the time varying lead-lag dependencies between pairs of economic time series (the thermal optimal path method), we test two fundamental tenets of the theory of fixed income: (i) the stock market variations and the yield changes should be anti-correlated; (ii) the change in central bank rates, as a proxy of the monetary policy of the central bank, should be a predictor of the future stock market direction. Using both monthly and weekly data, we found very similar lead-lag dependence between the S&P500 stock market index and the yields of bonds inside two groups: bond yields of short-term maturities (Federal funds rate (FFR), 3M, 6M, 1Y, 2Y, and 3Y) and bond yields of long-term maturities (5Y, 7Y, 10Y, and 20Y). In all cases, we observe the opposite of (i) and (ii). First, the stock market and yields move in the same direction. Second, the stock market leads the yields, including and especially the FFR. Moreover, we find that the short-term yields in the first ...
Inserción profesional de los licenciados en turismo: El caso de la Universidad Federal de Minas Gerais (Brasil entre 2005 y 2007 The Employability of Graduates of the Undergraduate Course in Tourism at the Federal University of de Minas Gerais (UFMG/Brazil
Tatiana Roberta de Souza
Full Text Available Este estudio tuvo como objetivo general analizar la inserción profesional de los egresados de la carrera de Turismo de la Universidad Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG, en Brasil, entre los años 2005 y 2007. Las estrategias metodológicas utilizadas fueron la investigación bibliográfica y la aplicación de entrevistas. La muestra del estudio estuvo formada por 40 egresados, lo que representa aproximadamente el 52% del universo de investigación. Los resultados muestran que el 48% de los egresados de la muestra están insertados profesionalmente en el campo del turismo, principalmente en el segmento de agencias (30%. Luego de analizar los resultados, se sugiere que las carreras de turismo desarrollen estudios para conocer la inserción profesional de sus egresados, e investiguen la percepción de los estudiantes respecto de la importancia de la institución educativa en la formación profesionalFormed in the Years 2005-2007. This study has as main objective to verify and analyze the employability of graduates of the undergraduate course in Tourism at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG, in Brazil, formed in the years 2005 to 2007. The methodological strategies used were literature review and questionnaires. The study sample consisted of 40 graduates, representing approximately 52% of the survey. The results showed that 48% of graduates surveyed are inserted professionally in the field of tourism, mainly in the segment of agencies (30%. As a result of the survey, we suggest that the graduate courses in tourism, in general, would to develop studies in order to verify the employability of its graduates and to investigate the students' perception about the importance of the institution in its professional formation
... minimum wage requirements in determining prevailing rates. 532.205 Section 532.205 Administrative... Determinations § 532.205 The use of Federal, State, and local minimum wage requirements in determining prevailing... amended, or (2) The highest State or local minimum wage rate in the local wage area which is applicable...
Knapik Joseph J
Full Text Available Abstract Background A one-year prospective examination of injury rates and injury risk factors was conducted in Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI new agent training. Methods Injury incidents were obtained from medical records and injury compensation forms. Potential injury risk factors were acquired from a lifestyle questionnaire and existing data at the FBI Academy. Results A total of 426 men and 105 women participated in the project. Thirty-five percent of men and 42% of women experienced one or more injuries during training. The injury incidence rate was 2.5 and 3.2 injuries/1,000 person-days for men and women, respectively (risk ratio (women/men = 1.3, 95% confidence interval = 0.9-1.7. The activities most commonly associated with injuries (% of total were defensive tactics training (58%, physical fitness training (20%, physical fitness testing (5%, and firearms training (3%. Among the men, higher injury risk was associated with older age, slower 300-meter sprint time, slower 1.5-mile run time, lower total points on the physical fitness test (PFT, lower self-rated physical activity, lower frequency of aerobic exercise, a prior upper or lower limb injury, and prior foot or knee pain that limited activity. Among the women higher injury risk was associated with slower 300-meter sprint time, slower 1.5-mile run time, lower total points on the PFT, and prior back pain that limited activity. Conclusion The results of this investigation supported those of a previous retrospective investigation emphasizing that lower fitness and self-reported pain limiting activity were associated with higher injury risk among FBI new agents.
Trident Technical Coll., Charleston, SC.
Presents the results of South Carolina's Trident Technical College's (TTC's) 1998 graduate follow-up survey report of 915 TTC graduates. Graduates were surveyed and results were obtained for the following items: graduate goals, employment, placement rates, graduates in related fields, when job were obtained, job finding methods, job locations, job
Full Text Available Com a finalidade de se avaliarem os resultados alcançados numa experiência de internato rural, foram analizados os relatórios dos estudantes que dela participaram. Considera-se internato rural a modalidade de estágio que se caracteriza pela transferência do estudante do "campus" universitário para uma comunidade rural, onde permanecerá por tempo determinado. O internato rural no curso da Universidade Federal de Viçosa distingue-se da estrutura de outras universidades principalmente pela proposta que leva de estimular a comunidade a reconhecer seus problemas, e a organizar-se para solucioná-los. Observou-se ao término desse período que os objetivos traçados não foram satisfaloriamenle alingidos. A dificuldade em estimular os habitantes para identificarem os seus próprios problemas e se organizarem no sentido de solucioná-los, a escassez de recursos para manter os estudantes no campo e a desconlinuidade do programa foram os entraves fundamentais. Entretanto, constatou-se que, como prática do exercício profissional na área de Saúde Pública e possibilidade de vivenciar o cotidiano de uma comunidade rural, o estágio é de fundamental importância para os estudantes. Concluiu-se tratar-se de uma experiência válida, de acordo com a nova proposta que deverá ser aprimorada para atingir os objetivos iniciais, podendo contribuir como ponto de reflexão para outros cursos de graduação em nutrição do país.With the aim of evaluating the results obtained in a new experiment in Internato Rural (rural internship during its first three years of existence, 22 reports, which had been submitted by 46 student-trainees who participated in this program, were analyzed. Internato Rural involves the transfer of the student from the college campus to a rural community where he stays for a certain period of time. This Internato Rural course program differs from the structure proposed by other universities mainly in that it aims at stimulating the community to identify its problems and to organize itself to solve them. It was observed, at the end of the above mentioned period, that the objectives proposed had not been satisfactorily met. The difficulty in stimulating the community members to identify their own problems and to take the necessary steps to try to solve them was the fundamental obstacle faced. Additional problems were posed by lack of resources to keep the students in the field and program discontinuity, basically due to school vacations and to the limited number of students enrolled in the Internato Rural program, which is elective. It has been realized, however, that as a form of professional practice in the field of Public Health and as an opportunity of experiencing everyday life in a rural community Internato Rural is of fundamental importance for the students. It was concluded that this constitutes a worthwhile experience in accordance with the new proposal which will have to be an improvement so as to meet the initial objectives, and which may also contribute to other graduate programs in nutrition in the country.
O internato rural do curso de graduação em nutrição da Universidade Federal de Viçosa (Brasil) / The rural internship of the graduation course in nutrition of the Federal University of Viçosa (Brazil)
Tânia, Ruiz; Percília Dolores, Valenza; Marilene Pinheiro, Euclydes; Maria do Carmo Fontes de, Oliveira; Maria de Lourdes Ferreira, Garcia.
Full Text Available Com a finalidade de se avaliarem os resultados alcançados numa experiência de internato rural, foram analizados os relatórios dos estudantes que dela participaram. Considera-se internato rural a modalidade de estágio que se caracteriza pela transferência do estudante do "campus" universitário para u [...] ma comunidade rural, onde permanecerá por tempo determinado. O internato rural no curso da Universidade Federal de Viçosa distingue-se da estrutura de outras universidades principalmente pela proposta que leva de estimular a comunidade a reconhecer seus problemas, e a organizar-se para solucioná-los. Observou-se ao término desse período que os objetivos traçados não foram satisfaloriamenle alingidos. A dificuldade em estimular os habitantes para identificarem os seus próprios problemas e se organizarem no sentido de solucioná-los, a escassez de recursos para manter os estudantes no campo e a desconlinuidade do programa foram os entraves fundamentais. Entretanto, constatou-se que, como prática do exercício profissional na área de Saúde Pública e possibilidade de vivenciar o cotidiano de uma comunidade rural, o estágio é de fundamental importância para os estudantes. Concluiu-se tratar-se de uma experiência válida, de acordo com a nova proposta que deverá ser aprimorada para atingir os objetivos iniciais, podendo contribuir como ponto de reflexão para outros cursos de graduação em nutrição do país. Abstract in english With the aim of evaluating the results obtained in a new experiment in Internato Rural (rural internship) during its first three years of existence, 22 reports, which had been submitted by 46 student-trainees who participated in this program, were analyzed. Internato Rural involves the transfer of t [...] he student from the college campus to a rural community where he stays for a certain period of time. This Internato Rural course program differs from the structure proposed by other universities mainly in that it aims at stimulating the community to identify its problems and to organize itself to solve them. It was observed, at the end of the above mentioned period, that the objectives proposed had not been satisfactorily met. The difficulty in stimulating the community members to identify their own problems and to take the necessary steps to try to solve them was the fundamental obstacle faced. Additional problems were posed by lack of resources to keep the students in the field and program discontinuity, basically due to school vacations and to the limited number of students enrolled in the Internato Rural program, which is elective. It has been realized, however, that as a form of professional practice in the field of Public Health and as an opportunity of experiencing everyday life in a rural community Internato Rural is of fundamental importance for the students. It was concluded that this constitutes a worthwhile experience in accordance with the new proposal which will have to be an improvement so as to meet the initial objectives, and which may also contribute to other graduate programs in nutrition in the country.
... SYSTEM Chapter 16--Office of Personnel Management Federal Employees Health Benefits Acquisition... this subject published June 29, 2011 (76 FR 38282). In Sec. 1602.170-14(b), the first sentence of the... professions, Hostages, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Military personnel, Reporting and recordkeeping...
... Government employees, Health facilities, Health insurance, Health professions, Hostages, Iraq, Kuwait... REGULATIONS SYSTEM CHAPTER 16--OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION... December 1, 2010 (75 FR 74864). The purpose of this interim final rule is to replace the outdated...
Formação de mestres em enfermagem na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: contribuições sob a ótica de egressos / Formation of masters in nursing at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: contributions under post graduates' view / Formación de maestros en enfermería en la Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: contribuciones según la visión de los egresados
Flávia Regina Souza, Ramos; Vânia Marli Schubert, Backes; Dirce Stein, Backes; Dulcinéia Ghizoni, Schneider; Gleide, Pinheiro; Maria Terezinha, Zeferino; Patríca Kuerten, Rocha.
Full Text Available O estudo objetivou conhecer as percepções de egressos do Curso de Mestrado em Enfermagem do Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina acerca das contribuições de sua formação para o trabalho profissional. Estudo de abordagem qualitativa, utilizou questionário [...] aplicado a mestres em enfermagem egressos do curso (últimos 5 anos), totalizando 88 informantes. A análise apresentou elementos da ótica dos egressos quanto a uma avaliação geral do curso, quanto às contribuições do mesmo para a mudança no trabalho e quanto a avaliação média dos seus objetivos. O mestrado em enfermagem mostrou-se um espaço reconhecido e valorizado de construção e consolidação de um conhecimento inovador frente aos desafios que se impõem para uma nova configuração do fazer em saúde cotidianamente. Abstract in spanish El estudio tuvo como objetivo conocer las percepciones de los egresados de la Maestría en Enfermería de la Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina acerca de las contribuciones de su formación para el trabajo profesional. Estudio de aboerdage cualitativa, con la utilización de un cuestionario dirigido [...] a los maestros egresados en los últimos cinco años, para un total de 88 informantes. El análisis presentó elementos en relación a evaluación general de la Maestría, así como de las contribuciones de la misma para el cambio en el trabajo y la evaluación de sus objetivos. La maestría en enfermería se presentó como un espacio reconocido y valorizado para la construcción y consolidación de conocimientos innovadores ante los desafíos para una nueva configuración del quehacer en salud. Abstract in english The objective of the study is to know the perceptions of graduates of the Masters Course in Nursing at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina with its contributions on formation as regards to professional work. That was a study of qualitative approach, using a questionnaire applied to the egress [...] es of master degree program (last 5 years), totaling 88 informants. Analysis presented elements of the graduates lent in relation to the general evaluation of the course, as related to the same contributions for change at work and the medium evaluation of its objectives. The masters degree program shows a space and the valorization of construction and consolidation of an innovative knowledge that can faces challenges that might occur to a new configuration of making health daily.
Formação de mestres em enfermagem na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: contribuições sob a ótica de egressos Formación de maestros en enfermería en la Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: contribuciones según la visión de los egresados Formation of masters in nursing at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: contributions under post graduates' view
Flávia Regina Souza Ramos
Full Text Available O estudo objetivou conhecer as percepções de egressos do Curso de Mestrado em Enfermagem do Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina acerca das contribuições de sua formação para o trabalho profissional. Estudo de abordagem qualitativa, utilizou questionário aplicado a mestres em enfermagem egressos do curso (últimos 5 anos, totalizando 88 informantes. A análise apresentou elementos da ótica dos egressos quanto a uma avaliação geral do curso, quanto às contribuições do mesmo para a mudança no trabalho e quanto a avaliação média dos seus objetivos. O mestrado em enfermagem mostrou-se um espaço reconhecido e valorizado de construção e consolidação de um conhecimento inovador frente aos desafios que se impõem para uma nova configuração do fazer em saúde cotidianamente.El estudio tuvo como objetivo conocer las percepciones de los egresados de la Maestría en Enfermería de la Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina acerca de las contribuciones de su formación para el trabajo profesional. Estudio de aboerdage cualitativa, con la utilización de un cuestionario dirigido a los maestros egresados en los últimos cinco años, para un total de 88 informantes. El análisis presentó elementos en relación a evaluación general de la Maestría, así como de las contribuciones de la misma para el cambio en el trabajo y la evaluación de sus objetivos. La maestría en enfermería se presentó como un espacio reconocido y valorizado para la construcción y consolidación de conocimientos innovadores ante los desafíos para una nueva configuración del quehacer en salud.The objective of the study is to know the perceptions of graduates of the Masters Course in Nursing at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina with its contributions on formation as regards to professional work. That was a study of qualitative approach, using a questionnaire applied to the egresses of master degree program (last 5 years, totaling 88 informants. Analysis presented elements of the graduates lent in relation to the general evaluation of the course, as related to the same contributions for change at work and the medium evaluation of its objectives. The masters degree program shows a space and the valorization of construction and consolidation of an innovative knowledge that can faces challenges that might occur to a new configuration of making health daily.
... an NAF wage area when there are a minimum of 26 NAF wage employees in the survey area, the local... Nonappropriated Fund Federal Wage System Wage Area AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Interim... rule ] to abolish the Cumberland, Maine, nonappropriated fund (NAF) Federal Wage System (FWS) wage...
Webber, Douglas A.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
During the last two decades, median instructional spending per full-time equivalent (FTE) student at American 4-year colleges and universities has grown at a slower rate than median spending per FTE student in a number of other expenditure categories including academic support, student services and research. Our paper uses institutional level
Office of Personnel Management This raw data set provides Federal civilian employee population data. The scope of this raw data set includes all data elements used in the creation of the FedScope...
PATHS FOLLOWED FOR THE DIGITIZATION OF THE DISSERTATIONS COMING FROM THE GRADUATE PROGRAM IN INFORMATION SCIENCE AT THE UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DA PARAÍBA USING THE DSPACE PLATFORM AS A DIGITAL REPOSITORY
Dulce Elizabeth Lima de Sousa
Full Text Available Digital information and communicationtechnologies modify individual's behavior andchange social relations significantly. Within thisdynamic chain of information, we realize thatmany scientific studies deployed only in printedmatter, were limited geographically and itscontents did not have adequate visibility. Thisresearch aims to report the paths followed for thedigitization of the dissertations coming from theGraduate Program in Information Science at theUniversidade Federal da Paraíba (PPGCI/UFPBand made available through the DSpace platformas a digital repository. The research universe wascomposed by 174 dissertations. The documentswere scanned and processed using OpticalCharacter Recognition (OCR. It can be stated that26% of the existing dissertations are available atthe PPGCI/UFPB repository. Statistics show thatthese dissertations are being widely accessed bythe community.
... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEMS FOR INPATIENT HOSPITAL SERVICES Prospective Payment for Inpatient Rehabilitation Hospitals and Rehabilitation Units § 412.628 Publication of... rehabilitation facility prospective payment system effective for each fiscal year in the Federal Register....
... (OPM) may establish an NAF wage area when there are a minimum of 26 NAF wage employees in the survey... Wage System Wage Area AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Interim rule with request... the Montgomery, Pennsylvania, nonappropriated fund (NAF) Federal Wage System (FWS) wage area...
... proposed rulemaking (ANPR), the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) describes the relevant regulations... aspects of the ANPR, and will develop proposed regulations after taking all comments into consideration.... FHFA is issuing this ANPR to help it assess how it can change these regulations and to...
...default rate and penalties. (a) Default penalty. If an institution's cohort default rate meets the following levels, a default penalty is imposed on the institution as follows...loan is (A) Discharged due to death or permanent and total disability;...
Trident Technical Coll., Charleston, SC.
Presents the results of South Carolina's Trident Technical College's (TTC's) 1999 graduate follow-up survey report. Graduates were surveyed and results were obtained for the following items: graduate goals, employment, placement rates, graduates in related fields, when job obtained, job finding methods, job locations, job satisfaction, job
...8 of the Prompt Payment rule on ``Rebates'' requires that this rate be used in determining when agencies should pay purchase card invoices when the card issuer offers a rebate. Notice is hereby given that the applicable rate is 1.00...
...8 of the Prompt Payment rule on ``Rebates'' requires that this rate be used in determining when agencies should pay purchase card invoices when the card issuer offers a rebate. Notice is hereby given that the applicable rate is 1.00...
... Rate used to compute COM identified and a summary of the net book value of assets, identified as... Form CASB-CMF, for example, the underlying reports and records supporting the net book value of...
... payment rates for inpatient hospital services furnished by inpatient rehabilitation facilities, we use (1... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEMS FOR INPATIENT HOSPITAL SERVICES Prospective Payment for Inpatient Rehabilitation Hospitals and Rehabilitation Units §...
Tânia Ruiz; Percília Dolores Valenza; Marilene Pinheiro Euclydes; Maria do Carmo Fontes de Oliveira; Maria de Lourdes Ferreira Garcia
Com a finalidade de se avaliarem os resultados alcançados numa experiência de internato rural, foram analizados os relatórios dos estudantes que dela participaram. Considera-se internato rural a modalidade de estágio que se caracteriza pela transferência do estudante do "campus" universitário para uma comunidade rural, onde permanecerá por tempo determinado. O internato rural no curso da Universidade Federal de Viçosa distingue-se da estrutura de outras universidades principalmente pela propo...
With the introduction of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, the US Environmental Protection Agency developed a rule to calculate miles per gallon equivalent (MPGe) for electric vehicle window stickers and the US Department of Energy created a separate procedure for calculation of fuel economy for use in the federally mandated corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards. The EPA rule fails to account for inefficiencies in or emissions resulting from the production of electricity and as a result greatly overestimates the life cycle efficiency of covered vehicles, which would be evident using exergy analysis. The DOE rule accounts for conversion efficiencies, but includes a long-standing, policy based factor (originally developed to reduce oil consumption by promoting alternatively fueled vehicles). This factor disproportionately raises the calculated performance of electrically powered vehicles. As a result, both the EPA and DOE rules incentivize policies that are not substantiated by the immediate technical merits. - Highlights: We develop a model to examine US policy on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. The model is applied to a single examplethe Chevy Volt. The US EPA inflates the mileage of PEVs by equating electrical and chemical energy. The US EPA fails to account for generating source emissions in PEVs. On a well to wheels basis, PEV performance is similar to gasoline vehicles
Nuclear industry, research and academic programmes have been developing in the Russian Federation since the 1950s with the former USSR being the cradle of all nuclear programmes, which was later inherited by the Russian Federation. Moreover, the issue of nuclear personnel development has always been recognized as one of the imperatives for supporting research, engineering and production activities in the nuclear field. Thus, almost simultaneously with creating Soviet NFC sites, a number of University programmes aimed at preparing highly qualified and competent staff to meet the requirements of the field were established. The education and training system created then has been successfully operating in the country, having become mature and versatile. Hundreds of competent nuclear professionals are produced each year by leading national schools. It should be noted that the Russian traditional education scheme has always been a continuous process starting with secondary school (which includes high school, i.e. 8-11 forms). High school could be substituted by professional schools (technicums). After high school or a professional school, a student could go on to further education in a university. University graduates acquire diplomas ranking as high as Western MSc diplomas. Having defended diploma projects in technical specialties, the graduates are granted a qualification of engineer-physicist, engineer-designer, engineer-mathematician, etc., and can choose between two options: either continuing with their education to the PhD level, or getting a job at one of the nuclear industrial sites, research institutions, or other nuclear associated organizations. Once employed, they regularly go through updating and upgrading courses (according to the requirement of national regulatory bodies) and/or if necessary through retraining programmes. Recently, a two-step university education (4-year Bachelor of Science Degree Programme - step 1, and a 2-year Master of Science Degree Programme - step 2, has been introduced in RF. A characteristic feature of the new system is that currently it includes the elements of the traditional and the new one, e.g. a specialist having either BSc or engineer's diploma is eligible for being enrolled into MSc programme. But BSc graduates cannot be enrolled to the post graduate courses while engineers and MSc graduates can; with an MSc graduate having some privileges in competing when entering full-time post-graduate courses. Hence, the two educational schemes simultaneously existing are a unique experience whose lessons are to be learnt
Programa de pós-graduação em enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria: trajetória e resultados / Graduate program in nursing at the Federal University of Santa Maria: trajectory and results / Programa de postgrado en enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Santa María: trayectoria y resultados
Graciele Fernanda da Costa, Linch; Aline Cammarano, Ribeiro; Laura de Azevedo, Guido.
Full Text Available Estudo quantitativo, descritivo, exploratório, em base documental, tendo como objetivo relatar a história e trajetória do Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem (PPGENF) da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, de acordo com o panorama nacional. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de consultas a diferen [...] tes sites na internet e secretaria do PPGENF. O programa foi criado em 2006, sendo que, no primeiro triênio, houve uma ampliação no número de vagas e candidatos, e a concentração das publicações ocorreu nos Qualis B1 e A2. Foram desenvolvidas ações, como rodas de conversa, seminários, jornadas e workshops, direcionadas ao fortalecimento do programa para a integração de docentes/discentes, acadêmicos e profissionais de Enfermagem. Este programa está contribuindo para a expansão e o fortalecimento da Enfermagem no Rio Grande do Sul, na medida em que seus egressos estão inseridos em instituições de ensino superior, em doutoramento ou, ainda, em instituições de saúde públicas e privadas. Abstract in spanish Estudio cuatitativo, descriptivo de registro, con base documental, cuyo objetivo es contar la trayectoria histórica del Programa de Postgrado en Enfermería (PPGENF) de la Universidad Federal de Santa María, de acuerdo a la escena nacional. Los datos fueron obtenidos a través de búsquedas en diferent [...] es sites de internet y en la secretaría del PPGENF. El programa fue creado en 2006 y en el primer trienio hubo una amplitud en el número de vacantes y candidatos, y la concentración de publicaciones fue en qualis B1 y A2. Fueron desarrolladas acciones tales como conversaciones, seminarios, jornadas y workshops direccionadas al mejoramiento del programa y consecuente integración de docentes/discentes, académico y profesionales de enfermería. Este programa contribuye a la expansión y al fortalecimiento de la enfermería en Rio Grande ya que sus egresados están insertados en instituciones de enseñanza superior, en doctoramiento o instituciones de salud pública y privada. Abstract in english A quantitative, descriptive, exploratory study based on documentation that aims to report the history of the Graduate Program in Nursing (PPGENF), Federal University of Santa Maria according to the national scenario. The data was collected through queries to different sites on the Internet and secre [...] tary of PPGENF. The program was created in 2006, and in the first triennium there has been an increase in the number of vacancies and candidates, and concentration of the publications was given in qualis B1 and A2. Actions have been developed such as discussions, seminars, conferences and workshops aimed at strengthening the program and subsequent integration of faculty/student, academic and professional nursing. This program is contributing to the expansion and strengthening of nursing in the Rio Grande as its egresses are inserted in institutions of higher education, or PhD in health care public and private.
Papel do preceptor da atenção primária em saúde na formação da graduação e pós-graduação da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco: um termo de referência / The primary health care preceptor in undergraduate and graduate training at Pernambuco Federal University: a reference term
Vitor Hugo Lima, Barreto; Regina Onezifora da Silva, Monteiro; Gustavo Sérgio de Godoy, Magalhães; Rodrigo Cariri Chalegre de, Almeida; Lara Neves, Souza.
Full Text Available O objetivo principal deste artigo é apresentar uma orientação teórica e prática aos preceptores da atenção primária à saúde vinculados à Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Pressupõe a atenção primária à saúde como um cenário de prática para estudantes de diferentes graduações e pós-graduações com c [...] aracterísticas próprias. Aborda aspectos importantes do processo ensino-aprendizagem no ambiente comunitário, articulando os diferentes atores deste, entre os quais o conceito de conhecimento na atenção primária; a relação preceptor-estudante; a correlação teoria e prática; a avaliação processual; o ensino e a pesquisa no trabalho; a inserção político-social da aprendizagem; a interdisciplinaridade; o trabalho em equipe e a interinstitucionalidade na integração ensino-serviço. Por fim, propõe a reintegração do espaço da educação, da pesquisa e do trabalho. Abstract in english This article aims to present a theoretical and practical guideline to primary health care preceptors connected to the Pernambuco Federal University. Primary health care is presumed as a practical setting for students of different undergraduate and graduate courses, with their own characteristics. Im [...] portant aspects of the teaching-learning process in the community are addressed, including the concept of knowledge in primary care; the preceptor-student relationship; theory-practice correlation; procedural assessment; education and research at work; socio-political context of learning; interdisciplinarity; teamwork and cross-institutional service-learning integration. Finally, it proposes the reintegration of the learning, research and work space.
Centro CIPE® do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da UFPB Centro ICNP® del Programa de Post-Grado en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraíba, Brasil ICNP® Centre of the Federal University of Paraíba, Post-Graduate Program in Nursing
Telma Ribeiro Garcia
Full Text Available A Classificação Internacional para a Prática de Enfermagem - CIPE® é um programa oficial do Conselho Internacional de Enfermagem CIE. Em 2003, o CIE começou a desenvolver e testar a idéia de criação de Centros de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento da CIPE®, considerados elementos importantes para concentrar e disseminar novas idéias e discussões que promovam o avanço da CIPE®. Neste trabalho focalizamos o significado, possíveis formas de organização, vantagens e obrigações dos Centros de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento da CIPE®; e descrevemos o Centro CIPE® do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, acreditado pelo CIE em julho de 2007.La Clasificación Internacional para la Práctica de Enfermería - ICNP® es un programa oficial del Consejo Internacional de Enfermeras - CIE. En 2003, el CIE empezó a desarrollar y probar la idea de creación de Centros de Investigación y Desarrollo de ICNP®, considerados elementos importantes para concentrar y diseminar nuevas ideas y discusiones que promovían el progreso de ICNP®. En este trabajo nosotros focalizamos el significado, posibles formas de organización, ventajas y obligaciones de los Centros de Investigación y Desarrollo de ICNP®; y describimos el Centro ICNP® del Programa de Postgrado en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraíba, acreditado por ICN en julio de 2007.The International Classification for Nursing Practice - ICNP® is an official program of the International Council of Nurses - ICN. In 2003, the ICN began to develop and to test the idea of creation of ICNP® Research and Development Centres, considered important elements to concentrate and disseminate new thinking and discussions that promote the advance of ICNP®. In this work we focus on the meaning, possible organization forms, advantages and obligations of the ICNP® Research and Development Centres; and describe the ICNP® Centre of the Post-Graduate Program in Nursing of the Federal University of Paraíba, accredited by ICN in July of 2007.
... § 307.30 Federal financial participation at the...and 1997, Federal financial participation is available...system for a period of time which is consistent with...section. (b) Federal financial participation in the...Support Enforcement: A Guide for States. FFP...
... § 307.31 Federal financial participation at the...September 30, 2001, Federal financial participation is available...system for a period of time which is consistent with...section. (b) Federal financial participation in the...Support Enforcement: A Guide for States. FFP...
Pesquisa em ensino de biologia: características da produção acadêmica do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ensino de Ciências da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brasil / Biology education research: Academic production characteristics of the graduate program in science education at the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Michelle Garcia da, Silva; Edenia Maria Ribeiro do, Amaral.
Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um estudo referente à pesquisa em ensino de Biologia, pautado na descrição, análise e caracterização das dissertações defendidas no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ensino de Ciências (PPGEC), da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE). Para tal, foram analisadas 41 disser [...] tações defendidas no período de 2003 a 2009, a partir de descritores propostos pelo Centro de Documentação em Ensino de Ciências (CEDOC), da Faculdade de Educação da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP): ano de defesa, autor e orientadores, nível de ensino, foco temático e gênero do trabalho acadêmico. Os resultados mostraram que a pesquisa em Ensino de Biologia do PPGEC/UFRPE apresenta características comuns à pesquisa nessa área em âmbito nacional, como o predomínio de problemáticas que envolvem a Educação Básica. E, também, características singulares que refletem o processo de implantação e consolidação do curso de mestrado do PPGEC/UFRPE. Abstract in english This paper presents a study related to research in teaching of Biology, based on the description, analysis and characterization of dissertations in the Graduate Program in Science Teaching (PPGEC), University Federal Rural of Pernambuco (UFRPE). For this, 41 dissertations were analyzed in the period [...] 2003-2009, taking into account descriptors proposed by Centro de Documentação em Ensino de Ciências (CEDOC) from Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP): the year of defense, author and supervisors, educational level, thematic focus and type of academic work. The results showed that the research in teaching of Biology in PPGEC/UFRPE presents common characteristics in this area at the national level, for instance, within the prevalence of research themes involving basic education. Also there are specific characteristics for academic production that reflect the process of implementation and consolidation of the Master course in the PPGEC/UFRPE.
Systematizing studies in the area of language teacher education at the English Graduate Program at Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina / Sistematização de estudos na área de formação de professores de línguas no Programa de Pós-Graudação em Inglês da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Saionara, Greggio; Marimar da, Silva; Didiê Ana Ceni, Denardi; Gloria, Gil.
Full Text Available Este artigo visa socializar os resultados de uma sistematização de estudos conduzidos no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Inglês da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina na área de formação de professores de inglês. Cinqüenta e um estudos foram sistematizados e categorizados em cinco tópicos de pesquis [...] a. Treze estudos de dois tópicos de pesquisa foram selecionados para uma análise detalhada de seus resultados. Dois temas foram identificados permeando os estudos analisados: (1) as crenças e os contextos de ensino-aprendizagem como mecanismos importantes para dar forma à prática pedagógica dos professores e para determinar os resultados de aprendizagem dos alunos; e (2) os contextos de formação de professores como lugares importantes e apropriados para a reflexão sobre as crenças e o conhecimento da prática pedagógica dos professores. A maioria dos estudos analisados sugere que abrir espaço para reflexão em programas de formação (contínua) de professores pode provocar mudanças na prática pedagógica do professor. Abstract in english This study aims to show the results of a systematization of studies in the area of English Language Teacher Education carried out at the English Graduate Program at Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Fifty-one studies were systematized and five research foci identified. Thirteen published studi [...] es of two foci of research were analyzed. Two themes were identified permeating the studies: (1) teachers' beliefs and the contexts of teaching-learning as important mechanisms to shape teachers' pedagogical practices and to determine learning outcomes; and (2) contexts of learning to teach as appropriate and important places for teachers' reflection on their beliefs and knowledge of practice. Most analyzed studies suggest that opening room for reflection in (continuing) teacher education programs may provoke changes in teachers' pedagogical practice.
Feldman, S.L.; Wirtshafter, R.M.; Abrash, M.; Anderson, B.; Sullivan, P.; Kohler, J.
An analysis is performed to show that a utility solar-passive strategy can be used rather effectively in aiding the utility to obtain more efficient load factors and lower costs. The objectives are to determine the impact of active and passive solar energy designs for space conditioning and hot water heating for the residential sector upon the diurnal and annual load curves for several utilities, to assess the effect of present utility pricing policies, and to examine alternative pricing schemes, as well as Federal and state tax credits, as they may affect the optimal sizing and configuration of active solar and passive solar building components. The methodology, the systems model, an overall building design, building cost determination, and a description of TRNSYS are presented. The major parameters discussed that distinguish variation in the cost-effectiveness of particular building design fall into 5 categories: the weather, building configurations, building costs, utility costs and rates, and financial parameters (inclusive of tax credits for solar and energy conservation investment). Five utilities are studied: Colorado Springs Department of Public Utilities; Public Service Co. of New Mexico; New England Electric System; Pacific Gas and Electric; and Georgia Power Co.
Using four decades of data, this empirical study adopts a loanable funds model to investigate the impact of the federal government budget deficit in the U.S. on the ex ante real interest rate yield on ten-year Treasury notes. For the 40-year period 1973-2012, an autoregressive 2SLS estimate finds that the ex ante real interest rate yield on ten-year U.S. Treasury notes was an increasing function of the ex ante real interest rate yield on Moodys Aaa-rated corporate bonds, the ex ante real int...
Coman, Alexandra; Kupyt?, Valdon?
The research presented in this report is based on a planning problem that is focused on identifying the initiatives undertaken by the Danish companies to reduce the risk of failure of graduate programmes and why or why not are these initiatives successful. Benefits of employing graduates are well known, but developing a young graduate without experience to a performant and engaged employee requires a well thought initiatives. Therefore, the report aims to identify the aspects, which make the ...
Valéria Gomes da Silva
Full Text Available Os jovens estão cada vez mais expostos à música alta, que pode prejudicar a audição. O teste das Emissões Otoacústicas, por ser mais sensível à exposição ao ruído, permite detectar precocemente alterações cocleares. OBJETIVO: Investigar a prevalência de lesão das células ciliadas externas por meio do teste de emissões otoacústicas em uma amostra de estudantes. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram realizados os testes de emissões otoacústicas por estímulo transiente e por produto de distorção em 134 indivíduos. Os exames foram analisados de acordo com o critério "passa/falha". Tipo de estudo: Estudo seccional descritivo de prevalência. RESULTADOS: Dos 134 participantes, 80,6% apresentaram emissões otoacústicas transiente alteradas, sendo a maioria do gênero masculino; 97,8% apresentaram emissões otoacústicas produto de distorção alterada e 79,9% apresentaram alteração tanto em transiente quanto em produto de distorção, sendo a maioria do gênero masculino e, ainda, 94,0% relataram fazer uso de fones de ouvido; e 82,8% declararam frequentar lugar com música amplificada. CONCLUSÃO: A alta prevalência de testes alterados pode indicar precocemente uma disfunção coclear e, pelo alto número de participantes que relatou exposição à música alta, há a suspeita de que esse hábito pode estar provocando as alterações cocleares.Exposure to loud music is increasing among young people, and so could be the number of hearing impairment cases in this population. Otoacoustic emission tests are sensitive in capturing the effects of exposure to noise, and allow the detection of early cochlear disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to look into the prevalence rates of injuries to outer hair cells in a population of students through otoacoustic emission testing. MATERIALS AND METHOD: One-hundred and thirty-four subjects were submitted to transient evoked and distortion product otoacoustic emission tests. Subjects were assessed on a "pass/fail" scale. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study on prevalence rates. RESULTS: More than four fifths (80.6% of the 134 subjects had altered transient otoacoustic emissions, most of whom were males; 97.8% had altered distortion product otoacoustic emissions and 79.9% had altered test results in both transient evoked and distortion product OAEs; most were males; 94.0% reported they used earphones; and 82.8% stated they frequented places where loud music was played. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence rates of altered test results seem to indicate the presence of early cochlear disorders in the studied subjects. A significant number of subjects reported exposure to loud music, a habit that may be conducive to the onset of cochlear disorders.
Valéria Gomes da, Silva; André Luiz Lopes, Sampaio; Carlos Augusto Costa Pires de, Oliveira; Pedro Luiz, Tauil; Glaucia Magalhães Brito, Jansen.
Full Text Available Os jovens estão cada vez mais expostos à música alta, que pode prejudicar a audição. O teste das Emissões Otoacústicas, por ser mais sensível à exposição ao ruído, permite detectar precocemente alterações cocleares. OBJETIVO: Investigar a prevalência de lesão das células ciliadas externas por meio d [...] o teste de emissões otoacústicas em uma amostra de estudantes. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram realizados os testes de emissões otoacústicas por estímulo transiente e por produto de distorção em 134 indivíduos. Os exames foram analisados de acordo com o critério "passa/falha". Tipo de estudo: Estudo seccional descritivo de prevalência. RESULTADOS: Dos 134 participantes, 80,6% apresentaram emissões otoacústicas transiente alteradas, sendo a maioria do gênero masculino; 97,8% apresentaram emissões otoacústicas produto de distorção alterada e 79,9% apresentaram alteração tanto em transiente quanto em produto de distorção, sendo a maioria do gênero masculino e, ainda, 94,0% relataram fazer uso de fones de ouvido; e 82,8% declararam frequentar lugar com música amplificada. CONCLUSÃO: A alta prevalência de testes alterados pode indicar precocemente uma disfunção coclear e, pelo alto número de participantes que relatou exposição à música alta, há a suspeita de que esse hábito pode estar provocando as alterações cocleares. Abstract in english Exposure to loud music is increasing among young people, and so could be the number of hearing impairment cases in this population. Otoacoustic emission tests are sensitive in capturing the effects of exposure to noise, and allow the detection of early cochlear disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study aims [...] to look into the prevalence rates of injuries to outer hair cells in a population of students through otoacoustic emission testing. MATERIALS AND METHOD: One-hundred and thirty-four subjects were submitted to transient evoked and distortion product otoacoustic emission tests. Subjects were assessed on a "pass/fail" scale. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study on prevalence rates. RESULTS: More than four fifths (80.6%) of the 134 subjects had altered transient otoacoustic emissions, most of whom were males; 97.8% had altered distortion product otoacoustic emissions and 79.9% had altered test results in both transient evoked and distortion product OAEs; most were males; 94.0% reported they used earphones; and 82.8% stated they frequented places where loud music was played. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence rates of altered test results seem to indicate the presence of early cochlear disorders in the studied subjects. A significant number of subjects reported exposure to loud music, a habit that may be conducive to the onset of cochlear disorders.
Varner, Kendra D; Leeds, Ruth A
As evidence of the effectiveness of these programs grows, nurse leaders feel the pressure to establish high-quality, yet cost-effective graduate nurse transition programs. In 2009, the authors developed an innovative program by incorporating transition theory, research results, stakeholder involvement, and the recommendations of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing. The graduate nurse residency program yielded positive outcomes, including stakeholder satisfaction and high retention rates. PMID:23061408
...from decreasing due to a lower unemployment rate from the calendar quarter ending...each qualifying state with an unemployment rate that has increased at a rate...by which the average monthly unemployment rate for the state in the most...
...from decreasing due to a lower unemployment rate from the calendar quarter ending...each qualifying state with an unemployment rate that has increased at a rate...by which the average monthly unemployment rate for the state in the most...
Recent studies indicate that industries desire college graduates who are able to perform scientific technical skills. As a result, colleges are attempting to produce graduates with a hybrid course of study emphasizing skills and traditional theories. Programs in chemistry, ecology, urban planning, and science technology have been developed
...The Bank System's Office of Finance (OF) issues all COs on behalf...expected to develop appropriate strategies to respond to a decline in...facilitating residential housing finance or community lending may be...Director, Federal Housing Finance Agency. [FR Doc....
..., FHFA published an advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPR) in which it solicited comments from the... Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (collectively, the Enterprises).\\6\\ Prior to issuing the ANPR, FHFA... consider relevant comments made on the part 1270 rules, along with the comments received on the ANPR,...
... Certain Regulations Governing the Federal Home Loan Banks, 78 FR 30784, 30786-87 (May 23, 2013... Proposed Rule, 78 FR 30784 (proposing amendments to 12 CFR part 1267, part 1269, and part 1270). In... proposed rulemaking (ANPR) that had solicited comments from the public on potential alternatives to the...
O rito e os emblemas na formatura das enfermeiras brasileiras no distrito federal (1924-1925) / The rite and emblems at the graduation of brazilian nurses in the federal district in brazil (1924-1925) / El rito y las insignias en la graduación de las enfermeras brasileñas en la capital federal (1924-1925)
Fernando, Porto; Tânia Cristina Franco, Santos.
Full Text Available Estudo histórico-social com o objetivo de analisar a formatura das escolas de enfermagem, em relação ao seu significado e aos emblemas como efeito da assinatura imagética das escolas e da profissão enfermagem para a sociedade. A análise do corpus documental se fez a partir da contextualização das fo [...] tografias, com base nos documentos escritos. O estudo evidenciou que os ritos de formaturas foi uma das maneiras de publicar a imagem da enfermeira à época, e que as representações objetais foram marcas emblemáticas na produção da crença simbólica. Desse modo, podemos ao final considerar que os ritos institucionais e as reapresentações objetais utilizados pela Escola Prática de Enfermeiras da Cruz Vermelha Brasileira e da Escola de Enfermeiras do Departamento Nacional de Saúde Pública foram estratégias de proclamarem a identidade da profissão, cada qual a sua maneira. Abstract in spanish Estudio histórico social con el objetivo de analizar la graduación de las escuelas de enfermería, en cuanto a su significado y a las insignias como efecto de la fijación de la imagen de las escuelas y de la profesión enfermería a la sociedad. El análisis del corpus documental se hizo a partir del co [...] ntexto de las fotografías, con base en los documentos escritos. El estudio evidenció que los ritos de graduación fue una de las maneras de publicar la imagen de la enfermera a la época, y las representaciones de los objetos fueron marcas evidentes en la producción de la creencia simbólica. Así, podemos al final considerar que los ritos institucionales y las reexhibiciones de los objetos utilizados por la "Escola Prática de Enfermeiras da Cruz Vermelha Brasileira" y por la "Escola de Enfermeiras do Departamento Nacional de Saúde Pública" fueron estrategias a que proclamaran la identidad de la profesión cada cual a su manera. Abstract in english Socio-historical study aiming to examine the graduation of Nursing schools regarding its meaning and the emblems as an effect to fix the image of schools and the nursing profession to society. The analysis of the documentary Corpus was made from the context of photographs, based on written documents [...] . The study showed that the graduation rites were one of the ways to publish the image of the nurse at that time and the objects representations were flagship brands in the production of symbolic beliefs. Thus, it is possible to finally consider that the institutional rites and objects representations used by the Practical School of Nurses of the Brazilian Red Cross and the School of Nurses of the National Department of Public Health were strategies to proclaim the Identity of the profession in their own ways.
Grote, M.H. [Frankfurt School of Finance and Management, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Mueller, C. [EnBW Energie Baden-Wuerttemberg AG, Karlsruhe (Germany). Bereich Netze
In calculating system usage charges the Federal Network Agency (BNetzA) determines interest rates on the basis of the current yield of fixed-interest securities of domestic issuers. This interest rate times series, which takes account of public corporations, trading banks and industrial corporations, is published by the Deutsche Bundesbank. However, it is not an appropriate interest rate measure for transmission system operators, since the interest rate time series represented by the ''current yield of fixed-interest securities of domestic issuers'' is dominated by a 90% majority of public corporations. This is evidenced by the fact that it is identical with the current yield of fixed-interest securities issued by the state. An interest rate based on the ''current yield of fixed-interest securities of domestic issuers'' leaves the entrepreneurial risk on the part of transmission system operators out of consideration.
Engle, Jennifer; Theokas, Christina
Nearly all high school seniors today aspire to pursue higher education because they know that a college degree offers them the best opportunity to realize the American Dream. Indeed, college-going rates are up considerably for all students over the last 30 years. At the same time, however, racial gaps in degree attainment actually have grown, even
Rippe, Jeffrey K.
The results of this study suggest that there were no significant differences in the academic performance of military dependents' with low (n = 20), moderate (n = 20), and high (n = 20) mobility school district transfer rates compared to non-military control students (n = 20) before completing high school. The findings were not consistent with
A trajetória da produção científica do Curso de Especialização em Gerenciamento de Serviços de Enfermagem da UNIFESP / Scientific production trajectory of the São Paulo Federal University Post-Graduate Program in Nursing Services Management / La trayectoria de la producción cientifica del Programa de Post Grado en Gerenciamento de Servicios de Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de São Paulo
Camila Kelly Gomes de, Lima; Maria Cristina, Sanna.
Full Text Available Este artigo descreve a trajetória da produção científica do Curso de Gerenciamento de Serviços de Enfermagem da UNIFESP a partir da análise das monografias produzidas pelos alunos nos dez anos de existência do curso. Com o objetivo de Identificar temas e objetivos e desenhar linhas de pesquisa a que [...] corresponderam esses trabalhos, 113 monografias foram estudadas. A apuração de freqüência simples e relativa das variáveis estudadas e a classificação da temática segundo referencial teórico sobre o assunto indicou que, no início, os estudos não se atinham à área de abrangência do curso, mas paulatinamente foram se orientando para esta, com destaque para " Recursos Humanos" , o que se acelerou com a criação de grupo de pesquisa focado na sub-especialidade " Gerenciamento em Enfermagem" . Abstract in spanish Este artículo describe la trayectoria de la producción científica del curso de Administración de Servicios de Enfermería de la UNIFESP a partir del análisis de las monografías producidas por los alumnos en los diez años de existencia del curso. Con el objetivo de identificar los temas y objetivos y [...] delinear líneas de pesquisa referentes a esos trabajos, 113 monografías fueron estudiadas. La apuración de frecuencia simple y relativa de las variables estudiadas y la clasificación de temática según el referencial teórico sobre el asunto indicó que, al inicio, los estudios no se restringieron al área de abarcamiento del curso pero paulatinamente, fueron se orientando hacia esta, con destaque para " Recursos Humanos" , lo que se aceleró con la institución del grupo de pesquisa con foco en la subespecialidad " Administración en Enfermería" . Abstract in english This article describes the scientific production trajectory of the Post-Graduate Program in Nursing Services Mangement at São Paulo Federal University based on the analysis of monographies produced by the students over the last 10 years. The study aimed at identifying subjects and objectives and to [...] delineate research lines of these studies, 113 monographs were analyzed. The verification of the simple and relative frequency of the studied variables and the thematic classification according to the theoretical referential on this subject showed that at the beginning the studies did not considered the area of course extent but gradually they began to reach it with emphasis in " Human Resources" , which was accelerated with the establishment of a research group with the focus in the sub-specialty " nursing management" .
A trajetória da produção científica do Curso de Especialização em Gerenciamento de Serviços de Enfermagem da UNIFESP La trayectoria de la producción cientifica del Programa de Post Grado en Gerenciamento de Servicios de Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de São Paulo Scientific production trajectory of the São Paulo Federal University Post-Graduate Program in Nursing Services Management
Camila Kelly Gomes de Lima
Full Text Available Este artigo descreve a trajetória da produção científica do Curso de Gerenciamento de Serviços de Enfermagem da UNIFESP a partir da análise das monografias produzidas pelos alunos nos dez anos de existência do curso. Com o objetivo de Identificar temas e objetivos e desenhar linhas de pesquisa a que corresponderam esses trabalhos, 113 monografias foram estudadas. A apuração de freqüência simples e relativa das variáveis estudadas e a classificação da temática segundo referencial teórico sobre o assunto indicou que, no início, os estudos não se atinham à área de abrangência do curso, mas paulatinamente foram se orientando para esta, com destaque para " Recursos Humanos" , o que se acelerou com a criação de grupo de pesquisa focado na sub-especialidade " Gerenciamento em Enfermagem" .Este artículo describe la trayectoria de la producción científica del curso de Administración de Servicios de Enfermería de la UNIFESP a partir del análisis de las monografías producidas por los alumnos en los diez años de existencia del curso. Con el objetivo de identificar los temas y objetivos y delinear líneas de pesquisa referentes a esos trabajos, 113 monografías fueron estudiadas. La apuración de frecuencia simple y relativa de las variables estudiadas y la clasificación de temática según el referencial teórico sobre el asunto indicó que, al inicio, los estudios no se restringieron al área de abarcamiento del curso pero paulatinamente, fueron se orientando hacia esta, con destaque para " Recursos Humanos" , lo que se aceleró con la institución del grupo de pesquisa con foco en la subespecialidad " Administración en Enfermería" .This article describes the scientific production trajectory of the Post-Graduate Program in Nursing Services Mangement at São Paulo Federal University based on the analysis of monographies produced by the students over the last 10 years. The study aimed at identifying subjects and objectives and to delineate research lines of these studies, 113 monographs were analyzed. The verification of the simple and relative frequency of the studied variables and the thematic classification according to the theoretical referential on this subject showed that at the beginning the studies did not considered the area of course extent but gradually they began to reach it with emphasis in " Human Resources" , which was accelerated with the establishment of a research group with the focus in the sub-specialty " nursing management" .
Mei, Lori; Bell-Ellwanger, Jennifer; Miller, Ron
This study examined the progress of students in New York City who entered the ninth grade in fall 1997 and were scheduled to graduate in spring 2001 after 4 years of high school. This report indicates the percentages of students in this class, the Class of 2001, who graduated, dropped out, and were still enrolled in school to attend a fifth year
... that proposed the methodology for the FMAP unemployment adjustment calculations (74 FR 38630), we... unemployment rate from the calendar quarter ending before July 1, 2010 to the calendar quarter ending before... title XIX purposes only, for each qualifying state with an unemployment rate that has increased at...
Siemens is an international company acting in different domains: power generation, communication and information, traffic, health, etc. To be more flexible and active in a world in constant evolution, the company proposes a graduate program where young people with a special background have the possibility to start an international career in all the domains of activity. This graduate program is especially important in the domain of nuclear energy, where the know-how transfer between the previous generation and the new one is a constant point of interest. This article presents the conditions to be accepted in this graduate program, and the supplementary training supporting this program. The Siemens graduate program (Sg) proposes a global concept with a main emphasis being international. (authors)
...State, and local minimum wage requirements in determining...PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PREVAILING...State, and local minimum wage requirements in determining prevailing rates. (a) Wage schedules,...
Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President â This data set provides information for STEM education (pre-kindergarten through graduate) investments funded by Federal agencies at the level of $300,000 or above.
...OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 5 CFR Part 532 RIN 3206-AM50 Prevailing Rate Systems...following regulatory criteria under 5 CFR 532.211 when defining FWS wage area boundaries...In addition, OPM regulations at 5 CFR 532.211 do not permit splitting...
...cost-effectiveness of a cash discount. In addition, this rate is to be used in determining when agencies should pay purchase card invoices when the card issuer offers a rebate (5 CFR 1315.8). Notice is hereby given that the applicable...
Key facts and figures about the labour market for new graduates in the UK were published recently in the IES Annual Graduate Review 1998-99, which indicates that the demand for graduates amongst the traditional recruiters has continued to grow steadily, along with reports of recruitment difficulties. It is noteworthy that last year one in three graduates went into fixed-term or temporary appointments, while many of those who took up permanent jobs went into lower level work that did not make use of their graduate skills. Many graduates are taking more than a year, and sometimes up to three years, to find their way into permanent jobs and careers. Those graduating in computer science, engineering and mathematics, medicine and related subjects, or education have been the most likely to gain high level managerial, professional or technical jobs and have the lowest unemployment rates. In contrast, those with biological science, humanities, social sciences or creative arts degrees are most likely to be unemployed initially. Many new graduates commenced their jobs by earning salaries in the range Â£10 000-15 000, but they should of course continue to earn more than those lesser qualified, as well as having lower unemployment rates. Of the 400 000 students who graduated in 1998 (more than double the total of a decade ago), over half had first degrees and the rest undergraduate or postgraduate qualifications. Despite the growth, entry to the physical sciences, engineering and technology has been falling, as has the proportion on sandwich courses. Women now comprise the majority of entrants to first degrees but remain under-represented in mathematics, physical science and engineering or technology courses. Interestingly more than one in three students now has a paid job during their course; such work experience can be beneficial to their long-term job searches. In the longer term, numbers of graduates are expected to stay broadly constant over the next three years, followed by a slight growth in numbers. It is expected that the rising demand for graduates will be maintained but the number of openings for new graduates will not grow sufficiently quickly to absorb the higher numbers actually graduating. With the costs of a degree rising and the returns falling, students would be advised to be increasingly flexible in their investment in higher education and should view the long-term career options. Employers, on the other hand, will have the challenge of recruiting graduates with the right skills and competencies. Those in the greatest demand will combine intellectual with personal attributes and skills in areas such as team-working, motivation and communication, as well as the ability to continue learning. Such attributes will also be important for those in technical areas where good specialist knowledge will rarely be enough. Working and communicating with nonspecialist customers and colleagues is required more and more. Employers should also be focusing on their actual needs in recruits and what they can offer by way of jobs and careers, so that a more realistic match between recruits and jobs, with better long-term performance and retention, ensues. IES Annual Graduate Review 1998-99: the Key Facts by R Pearson et al (IES Report 354, January 1999, ISBN 1 85184 283 7) costs Â£27.50 and is obtainable from Grantham Book Services, Isaac Newton Way, Alma Park Industrial Estate, Grantham NG31 9SD (fax: 01476 541061).
INTRODUCTION: Irish dental graduates are eligible to enter general dental practice immediately after qualification. Unlike their United Kingdom counterparts, there is no requirement to undertake vocational training (VT) or any pre-registration training. VT is a mandatory 12-month period for all UK dental graduates who wish to work within the National Health Service. It provides structured, supervised experience in training practices and through organised study days. AIMS: This study aimed to profile the career choices made by recent dental graduates from UCC. It aimed to record the uptake of VT and associate posts, and where the graduates gained employment. METHODOLOGY: A self-completion questionnaire was developed and circulated electronically to recent graduates from UCC. An existing database of email addresses was used and responses were returned by post or by email. A copy of the questionnaire used is included as Appendix 1. RESULTS: Questionnaires were distributed over an eight-week period and 142 were returned, giving a response rate of 68.90%. Responses were gathered from those who graduated between 2001 and 2007; however, the majority came from more recent classes. Overall, the majority of graduates took up associate positions after qualification (71.8%) with smaller numbers undertaking VT (28.2%). Increasing numbers have entered VT in recent years, including 54.3% from the class of 2007. Overall, the majority of graduates initially took up positions in England (43%); however, in recent times more have been employed in Scotland. Subsequent work profiles of the graduates illustrate that the majority are now working as associates in general practice (51.4%) and in Ireland (54.2%). CONCLUSIONS: There has been an increase in the proportion of UCC graduates undertaking VT. Graduates tended to move away from Ireland initially to gain employment. There has been a shift away from employment in England towards Scotland where the majority of new UCC graduates are now initially employed. The majority of graduates returned to Ireland for employment after the initial move away.
Butler, Daniel G.
Mailed questionnaires administered to employers of graduates and to graduates of the Ontario Veterinary College in 2000 and 2001, 7 to 10 months after convocation, surveyed new graduate performance in the workplace. Proficiency at 9 species-specific (in 4 practice contexts) and 7 nonspecies-specific clinical activities were rated as âhigh,â âsome,â or âlow.â Fifteen nonvocation- specific attributes, reflecting interpersonal, communication, and business skills, and the new graduate's competenc...
The dramatic expansion of the number of higher educational institutions in Taiwan has contributed a great deal to the growing unemployment rate of university graduates. Given the accumulated number of students who graduated in previous years and failed to find a job, the pressure of finding a job is growing each year. On the other hand, however,
Full Text Available In the context of growing unemployment rate among tertiary graduates, as well as competition on the education and labour market, proper preparation of graduates to function on the labour market is becoming more and more important. Attitudes, including expectations towards work, play a very important role as well. This article attempts at gaining knowledge of professional activity of tertiary graduates, becoming familiar with current problems connected with a transition from education to the labour market and studying a career path from graduation to the moment of carrying out the study.
SIEMENS is an international company acting in various domains: power generation, communication and information, traffic, health...etc. To increase flexibility and activity in a world in constant evolution, the company proposes a graduate program where young people with a special background have the possibility to start an international career in one of the different business areas. This graduate program is also very important in the domain of nuclear energy, where the know-how transfer between the previous generation and the new one is a constant point of interest. (author)
Liu, Zhi-yong; Qiao, Hong
In this paper we propose the Graduated NonConvexity and Graduated Concavity Procedure (GNCGCP) as a general optimization framework to approximately solve the combinatorial optimization problems on the set of partial permutation matrices. GNCGCP comprises two sub-procedures, graduated nonconvexity (GNC) which realizes a convex relaxation and graduated concavity (GC) which realizes a concave relaxation. It is proved that GNCGCP realizes exactly a type of convex-concave relaxation procedure (CCR...
Kinsley, Kirsten; Besara, Rachel; Scheel, Abby; Colvin, Gloria; Brady, Jessica Evans; Burel, Melissa
This article discusses the preferences, habits, and needs of graduate students as they relate to spaces for research and study. The findings are based on a large-scale ethnographic study of graduate students at Florida State University conducted between 2010 and 2013. Using a variety of ethnographic methods, researchers found that graduate
Caple, Richard B.
Explores how the understanding of graduate students' special needs and circumstances enhances counseling of this population. Looks at stress factors, educational preparation, delayed gratification, achieving autonomy, intellectual development, and the counseling process. Emphasizes the importance of establishing trust in the therapeutic dialog so
Phillips, Kenneth H.
This essay on graduate music education is in response to an article by David Hebert on challenges and solutions in online music teacher education that appeared in the online journal, "Research and Issues in Music Education," 5(1). The author found the article stimulating because so little has been written on the topic of music teacher education at
Glennerster, Howard; Merrett, Stephen; Wilson, Gail
In light of recent policy debate concerning higher education financing in Britain, reprints this article proposing a graduate tax, with a new introduction. Discusses main arguments in favor of the tax (it would eliminate the subsidy of the meritocratic elite, provide more funds for education, be a more efficient and egalitarian form of finance,â¦
Ferreira, Maria M.
Investigators have developed various explanations for the under-representation of women in science. While some feminist scholars postulate that the Western practices of scientific inquiry make their pursuit by females unattractive, others have investigated various aspects of the education process and their influence in students' interest in science. Research indicates that women continue to drop out of science even after choosing a science major. This trend continues in graduate school. However, few researchers have tried to examine, in a comprehensive manner, the various factors that may contribute to student attrition, particularly female, from graduate science programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of graduate students on their work environment in two science departments. Quantitative and qualitative methodologies were used to determine gender and departmental differences in students' perspectives in four areas: (1) the nature of science, (2) students' relationships with their colleagues, (3) students' relationships with their advisors, and (4) students' perceptions of the overall environment in their departments. Results of the study include: (a) female and male students entered graduate school with comparable levels of self-confidence and undergraduate GPAs; (b) female and male students maintained comparable GPAs during their stay in the program and spent equal number of hours doing research in their laboratories; (c) while in graduate school female students experienced a significantly greater decrease in self-confidence than their male colleagues; (d) the attrition rate among female students was significantly greater than among their male counterparts; (e) in general, female students perceived their working environment more negatively than their male colleagues; and (f) the science department with the highest overall graduate student attrition rate (36% vs. 22%) also had a smaller percentage of female students (30% vs. 43%) and female faculty (0% vs. 19%), and was seen by female students, but not by male students or by faculty, as a less supportive environment.
Bell, Peter M.
In the 1983 American Institute of Physics (AIP) Graduate Student Survey, the issue of foreign versus national students in U.S. graduate programs was explored. In the past decade, the number of entering graduate students from foreign nations in American universities has risen from about 600 to about 1100, an increase from 23% in 1973 to 40% in 1983 of all entering physics graduate students in the United States. There are more than 10,000 graduate students in physics in the United StatesThe benefits, or lack thereof, of having foreign graduate students raises a number of philosophical points. Like all students, foreign students learn from academic programs; but at high competitive levels, they contribute as well. The essence of growth in any academic program is described by the creativity supplied by ever incoming students. In an academically competitive system the question of foreign students displacing U.S. students in graduate programs has no definition. On the other hand, what about the graduate job market after graduation? Some would point to the return of foreign graduates to their homeland as an example of U.S. education efforts not benefitting U.S. society, at least directly. Others worry about foreign graduates flooding the U.S. job market.
Klorer, P. Gussie; Robb, Megan
Head Start, a U.S. federally funded program, prepares children for school through early childhood intervention in social-emotional and cognitive arenas. This article describes program evaluation survey results from the past 5 years of an 18-year collaboration between a university graduate art therapy program and 8 Head Start centers. Graduate art
Bradley, E H; White, W; Anderson, E; Mattocks, K; Pistell, A
Several studies have demonstrated that workforce roles and salaries differ substantially between men and women in administrative positions within the health care industry. Recent studies of graduates with masters of business administration (MBA) and masters of health administration (MHA) degrees have indicated that women tend to experience lower salaries, given like responsibilities. However, the impact of gender on salary has been less studied among masters of public health (MPH) graduates in the health care field. Our objective was to assess the impact of gender on salary among MPH degree graduates. Using a cross-sectional survey of all graduates from the MPH program at Yale University between 1991-1997 (n = 201, response rate = 51%), we ascertained graduates' reported salary in the first job post-graduation and reported salary in their current position. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess the unadjusted and adjusted associations between gender and salary. Salaries in both the first job post-graduation and in the current job differed significantly by gender, with women earning less than men (p-values < .05). Moreover, these differences persisted after controlling for a set of human capital measures including pre-MPH work experience, age at graduation, years since graduation, area of specialization within the MPH degree, and type of work site (governmental or nonprofit versus for-profit). Unlike studies of MBA and MHA graduates, however, this study did not find evidence that the gender-related salary gap widened as the years since graduation increased, although the sample size did not allow comprehensive testing of this trend. PMID:11211353
Knudson, K.; Gutstein, J.
Our presentation introduces our interdisciplinary curriculum that teaches graduate students at our R-1 university to translate their research to general audiences. We also discuss the challenges we have faced and strategies we have employed to broaden graduate education at our campus to include preparation in science communication. Our "Translating Research beyond Academia" curriculum consists of three separate thematically based courses taught over the academic year: Education and Community Outreach, Science Communication and Writing, Communicating with Policy- and Decision-makers. Course goals are to provide professional development training so that graduate students become more capable professionals prepared for careers inside and outside academia while increasing the public understanding of science and technology. Open to graduate students of any discipline, each course meets weekly for two hours; students receive academic credit through a co-sponsoring graduate program. Students learn effective strategies for communicating research and academic knowledge with the media, the general public, youth, stakeholders, and decision- and policy-makers. Courses combine presentations from university and regional experts with hands-on work sessions aimed towards creating effective communications, outreach and policy plans, broader impacts statements, press releases, blogs, and policy briefs. A final presentation and reflections are required. Students may opt for further training through seminars tailored to student need. Initial results of our analyses of student evaluations and work indicate that students appreciate the interdisciplinary, problem-based approach and the low-risk opportunities for learning professional development skills and for exploring non-academic employment. Several students have initiated engaged work in their disciplines, and several have secured employment in campus science communication positions. Two have changed career plans as a direct result of our courses, opting for master's degrees to pursue science communications-related positions. One received a prestigious fellowship in science communication and media. Yet, while we are successful with students, our programs are not without challenges. Our Translating Research interdisciplinary curriculum that encourages students' exploration of non-academic career options can create problems with faculty advisors in the current environment of graduate education; Carnegie scholars and other researchers argue that the traditional master-apprentice system requires a thorough overhaul to address high attrition rates and low rates of academic employment. Secondly, we situated our communications training within our environmental research institute and outside of any graduate program's degree requirements. While this gives access to motivated graduate students and creates enriching interactions within the course context, it presents problems with campus recognition and institutionalization. We are identifying new pathways and exploring the creation of a certificate program through our University Extension. Graduate student perception can also be an issue. Our courses tend to attract a particular kind of graduate student: female, early in her academic career, in the sciences, and interested in a career outside of academia. Attracting more male graduate students to science communication remains a challenge.
Objective: To investigate the specialty choice of Hong Kong medical graduates. Design: Mailed questionnaire survey. Subjects: A total of 139 students who attended the General Practice Unit of the University of Hong Kong for their general practice teaching during 1993 were surveyed in the second half of 1995 i.e. approximately 12 months after graduation. Complete data were collected for 88 (63.5%) of the graduates after four rounds of mailing. Results: General Medicine was the most popular wit...
Office of Personnel Management â Federal law (5 U.S.C. 6103) establishes the following public holidays for Federal employees. Please note that most Federal employees work on a Monday through Friday...
Linda Van Bouwel
Full Text Available Although the EU has introduced various policies to foster student mobility within Europe, it remains a stylized fact that the majority of student mobility is geared towards the US. Many students who choose to complete (part of their higher education in the US may choose to stay there upon graduation, constituting part of the brain drain. However, if a considerable part of these students return to Europe, bringing with them additional human and social capital, they may benefit the European economy. In this context, we study the migration behavior of a sample of European economics students who obtained a PhD in the US. First, we find a high stay rate : 64 % are currently working in the US, whereas only 24 % move back to their home country and an additional 10 % move to another European country. However, there are substantial differences in remigration patterns among different European countries and regions. The majority of returnees return immediately upon completion of their PhD degree, however, there is still considerable return migration of initial stayers up until the point where they likely receive tenure. Within Europe, the UK is the preferred destination for PhD holders who do not return to their home country. Finally, increasing funding for European students to pursue a PhD in the US may boost return rates, as PhD holders who were funded by their home country are more likely to return.Hoewel de EU verschillende beleidsmaatregelen geïntroduceerd heeft om studentenmobiliteit binnen Europa te bevorderen, blijft het een algemeen aanvaard feit dat het merendeel van de studentenmobiliteit de VS als bestemming heeft. Veel studenten die (een gedeelte van hun hogere studies in de VS afronden hebben de mogelijkheid om na hun afstuderen in de VS te blijven, en zo een deel van de brain drain te vormen. Indien echter een groot aantal van hen terugkeren naar Europa, en daarbij additioneel menselijk en sociaal kapitaal met zich meebrengen, kan de Europese economie hier wel bij varen. In deze context bestuderen we de migratiebeslissingen van een steekproef van Europese economiestudenten die hun doctoraat in de VS behaald hebben. Ten eerste observeren we dat een hoog percentage verkiest in de VS te blijven : 64 % werkt momenteel nog steeds in de VS, terwijl slechts 24 % terugkeert naar hun thuisland, en een additionele 10 % zich elders in Europa vestigt. Ten tweede zien we dat de meerderheid van zij die momenteel thuis of in Europa werken, daar ook al werkten vlak na hun afstuderen. Binnen Europa is het Verenigd Koninkrijk de meest populaire bestemming voor doctoraatshouders die ervoor kiezen niet naar hun land van herkomst terug te keren. Ten slotte zijn er mogelijks argumenten om meer fondsen vrij te maken voor Europese studenten die in de Verenigde Staten hun doctoraat willen behalen, aangezien studenten die door hun thuisland gefinancierd worden meer kans maken om terug te keren.
Warner, Jeremy L; Alterovitz, Gil; Bodio, Kelly; Joyce, Robin M
Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly useful for health services research. For relatively uncommon conditions, such as multiple myeloma (MM) and its treatment-related complications, a combination of multiple EHR sources is essential for such research. The Shared Health Research Information Network (SHRINE) enables queries for aggregate results across participating institutions. Development of a rational search strategy in SHRINE may be augmented through analysis of pre-existing databases. We developed a SHRINE query for likely non-infectious treatment-related complications of MM, based upon an analysis of the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care (MIMIC II) database. Using this query strategy, we found that the rate of likely treatment-related complications significantly increased from 2001 to 2007, by an average of 6% a year (p=0.01), across the participating SHRINE institutions. This finding is in keeping with increasingly aggressive strategies in the treatment of MM. This proof of concept demonstrates that a staged approach to federated queries, using external EHR data, can yield potentially clinically meaningful results. PMID:23515788
Warner, Jeremy L; Alterovitz, Gil; Bodio, Kelly; Joyce, Robin M
Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly useful for health services research. For relatively uncommon conditions, such as multiple myeloma (MM) and its treatment-related complications, a combination of multiple EHR sources is essential for such research. The Shared Health Research Information Network (SHRINE) enables queries for aggregate results across participating institutions. Development of a rational search strategy in SHRINE may be augmented through analysis of pre-existing databases. We developed a SHRINE query for likely non-infectious treatment-related complications of MM, based upon an analysis of the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care (MIMIC II) database. Using this query strategy, we found that the rate of likely treatment-related complications significantly increased from 2001 to 2007, by an average of 6% a year (p=0.01), across the participating SHRINE institutions. This finding is in keeping with increasingly aggressive strategies in the treatment of MM. This proof of concept demonstrates that a staged approach to federated queries, using external EHR data, can yield potentially clinically meaningful results. PMID:23515788
Greece has today the highest youth unemployment rate in the EU-27 while employment precariousness is disproportionately concentrated among young workers. Youth unemployment and employment precariousness are extremely high even among higher education graduates, generating a very long period of transition from education to work. Protracted transition calls for the development of diverse strategies for successful labour market integration before and after graduation. In this paper we use micro-d...
Berlingieri, Francesco; Erdsiek, Daniel
In this study, we examine the incidence and direct consequences of job mismatch for German graduates. Beyond measuring job mismatch by the comparison of qualification obtained by employees and required for a job, we employ self-reported skill mismatch variables concerning overall skills and more detailed information about the surplus or deficit in specific competences. The results indicate that a substantial share of graduates underutilizes own skills in the job. The rate of ov...
Drejer, Ina; Holm, Jacob RubÃ¦k; Nielsen, Kristian
of university graduates is an important issue for regional policy makers. The present paper analyzes the migration patterns of university graduates from two very different regions in Denmark: the Greater Capital region around Copenhagen and the peripheral region of North Denmark. Studies of the...
Kaen E. Nicholas
ABSTRACT The state of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education in the United States has seen some unfavorable assessments over the past decade. In early February, 2010 the House of Representatives heard testimony on undergraduate and graduate education. The message from the panel, which included experts from academia, STEM-based industries, and the National Science Foundation (NSF) was dire and required an urgent response. The experts along with the committeeÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂs chairperson, U. S. Representative Daniel Lipinski (D-IL) cited that the complexity of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics applications and coursework and the methodology utilized to teach these subjects are forcing students out of these disciplines. As the National Academies described in its 2007 report Rising Above the Gathering Storm, successful STEM education is not just an academic pursuitÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂitÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂs a necessity for competing in the knowledge-based economy that the United States had a key role in creating. The potential for action is being made available again as the America COMPETES Act of 2007 is up for reauthorization. Its initial focus was on STEM education at the K-12 levels, but efforts at the undergraduate and graduate levels are needed to retain students to fill the jobs left vacant as baby boomers retire. The Educational Advancement Alliance, Inc. (EAA) has for two decades created programs that have not only addressed the issues of ensuring that students are aptly prepared for college but have focused its efforts over the past decade on increasing the number of students who pursue degrees in STEM disciplines. For the EAA, the introduction of the wonders of science begins at the elementary and middle school level via the Learning Lab, a state-of-the-art mobile science laboratory that visits students in grades 4-6 at the various schools throughout Philadelphia and The Math/Tech Academy which meets on Saturdays for students in grades 5-7. For the past two years the EAA has assisted college graduates in their quest to attain advanced degrees in STEM by providing fellowships. The EAA continued this effort by recruiting and providing fellowships to students who aspired to continue their education at the graduate level. The fellowships provided funding for tuition, fees, books, technology, and stipends to assist with room, board, and living expenses during the academic year and salary, transportation, and living expenses to those students who secured internships with the Department of Energy. Additionally the EAA designed and implemented needed support systems to ensure successful completion of the Masters degree programs, including but not limited to membership in professional associations, attendance at industry and academic conferences, and professional development workshops, and tutorial assistance if needed. This program assisted over 80 students directly and society-at-large by helping to educate and develop future physicists, engineers, biostatisticians, and researchers who will have the necessary skillsets to fill the increasing numbers of positions that require such expertise.
The expansion of higher education is often viewed as reflecting increased demand for skills, whether related to technological change or the growing complexity of the economy. It is also linked to widening pay differentials between the poorly and highly educated. There are reasons, however, to question these associations. Even if demand for graduates is growing the supply of graduates might as a result of the status derived from having a degree still exceed this. The demand for graduates itself need not be wholly tied in with upgrading of the labour force. Graduates could be part of a more flexible workforce who increasingly undertake non-graduate work, thus downgrading their labour-market position. LFS (Labour Force Survey) and BHPS (British Household Panel Study) data are used to show that there has been no major shift in the distribution of graduates in the British labour market, that career starts are increasingly at a lower status point, and that there is a negative effect of graduate density on wages. There are also redistributional effects. There has been a large increase in the social demand for higher education by women, and they have gained from this expansion while men have lost out. In addition, graduate density is positive for non-graduates, who gain from the reduced rewards accruing to graduates. The results call into question the simple idea of a trend towards a demand for increasing levels of skills and qualifications. More attention should be paid to the distribution of skills and to complex interactions within this. PMID:12227840
Professores e Gestores: análise do perfil das Competências Gerenciais dos coordenadores de pós-graduação das Instituições Federais de Ensino Superior (IFES do RS [Lecturers and Managers: an analysis of the profile of managerial competencies of the post-graduation coordinators of Federal Institutions of Higher Education (IEFS in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Breno Augusto Diniz Pereira
Full Text Available A área educacional universitária tem buscado maior profissionalização de seus cargos administrativos a partir da necessidade de conciliar a gestão administrativa, pedagógica, acadêmica e científica. Dessa forma, o presente estudo tem como objetivo verificar o perfil de Competências Gerenciais dos coordenadores dos Programas de Pós-Graduação das Instituições Federais de Ensino Superior (IFES do Rio Grande do Sul, identificando se os mesmos possuem características que de acordo com a teoria são as consideradas ideais para administrar as atribuições do cargo que deverão desempenhar. Para tal, foi utilizado o modelo teórico de Gary Yukl, publicado em 1998. Esse modelo divide o perfil de Competências Gerenciais entre administrar tarefas e administrar relações. Foi construído um questionário com base na referida teoria. Esse questionário foi validado por meio de uma análise fatorial exploratória. O total de cursos de pós-graduação no Rio Grande do Sul, nas modalidades lato sensu e stricto sensu, foi pesquisado. O questionário foi enviado para 261 coordenadores, obtendo um retorno de 163 questionários, sendo 161 considerados válidos para a análise. As análises estatísticas da relação entre a área de conhecimento e o perfil de Competência Gerencial demonstraram que as áreas com características mais racionais e científicas estão mais relacionadas aos construtos que direcionam para administração do trabalho e/ou execução de tarefas. Enquanto que as áreas com características mais subjetivas, como as Humanas, apresentam uma relação mais forte com os construtos sobre administrar relações interpessoais. Já os testes sobre a relação entre as universidades e o perfil de competências identificaram características específicas entre administração de relações ou administração do trabalho. --- Lecturers and Managers: an analysis of the profile of managerial competencies of the post-graduation coordinators of Federal Institutions of Higher Education (IEFS in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil --- Abstract --- The university education area has sought a greater professionalization of the administrative positions from the need to reconcile the administrative, educational, academic and scientific management. Thus, this study has the purpose of checking the management skills of the coordinators which are in the Program of Post-Graduate at Federal Institutions (IFES in Portuguese in Rio Grande do Sul, identifying whether they have characteristics that according to the theory considered ideals for the position they should play. For this, we used the theoretical model of Gary Yukl, published in 1998. This model divides the profile of managerial skills into managing tasks and manages relationships. A questionnaire was constructed based on the theory referred and it was validated through an exploratory factor analysis. We examined the total number of postgraduate courses in Rio Grande do Sul. The questionnaire was send to 261 coordinators, obtaining the response of 163, being just 161 considerate valid to analysis. The statistical analysis between the area of knowledge and managerial competence profile demonstrated that the areas with a more rational expertise are more related to the constructs that lead to labor management and/ or performing tasks. While areas with more subjective characteristics, such as Humanities, showed the strongest relationship with the constructs of interpersonal relations. But the tests on the relationship between universities and the profile of skills identified specific characteristics between relationship management and administration work.
Amos, Christopher Nicholas
The primary purpose for the Graduation Coach intervention is to increase the graduation rate and help schools produce a student that can be a productive citizen. The increasing dropout rate in the United States of America, coupled with the recent addition of some legislation, has forced schools and districts to implement programs to combat this
Byrd, Debra; Mullen, Linda; Renfro, David; Harris, Theodore A
In 2010, nurse educators at one health care facility implemented a new program that emphasized placing new graduates in specialty areas, including the hemodialysis unit, the gastroenterology unit, and the OR. Managers in the OR faced staffing challenges because of the difficulty in recruiting and retaining experienced perioperative nurses and the expected retirement of a significant number of staff members. Surgical services managers agreed to participate in the new graduate program and decided to use AORN's Periop 101 course and a series of monthly simulation training sessions to supplement the program and provide recently graduated nurses with a strong perioperative nursing foundation. In three years, a total of nine newly graduated RNs successfully completed the program. The three-year retention rate was 78%. PMID:26323221
An alphabetical listing is given of high energy physicists and graduate students, providing the person's name, rank, and institution. Another listing gives the faculty (or permanent staff) and graduate students for each institution, listing for each person the date of birth, year and institution of highest degree, the rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and their sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is also indicated an estimated date for their degree. Where appropriate, a person may be listed at more than one institution. Except as noted, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1985
Full Text Available Massive open online course (MOOC is a world-wide wave of education reforms in recent years. On the support of network platform based on cloud computing and big data, MOOC subvert the people's understanding of traditional higher education, ultimately making it possible to NCLB. The existing higher education system encountered unprecedented shocks and challenges. To meet the challenges, many of the world university scrambling to build into MOOC tide, from undergraduate education to college education, vocational education, and even graduate education. MOOC labels are affixed proud thing. However, everything has its overall scope. Based on the in-depth characteristics analysis of MOOC and graduate education, this paper summarized the MOOC platform used in the process of graduate education in a number of issues, explore MOOC platform can effectively combine quality graduate education methods.
Smolka, Adam J; Halushka, Perry V; Garrett-Mayer, Elizabeth
Academic medical centers nationwide face numerous fiscal challenges resulting from implementation of restructured healthcare delivery models, contracting state support for higher education, and increased competition for federal and other sources of biomedical research funding. In pursuing greater accountability and transparency in its fiscal operations, the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) has implemented a responsibility centers management budgetary model, which requires all MUSC colleges to be eventually self-sustaining financially. Graduate schools in the biomedical sciences are particularly vulnerable in the face of these challenges, depending traditionally as they do on financial support from training grant tuition, occasional medical school tuition and medical practice plan revenues, graduate college-based revenue-generating programs, and faculty payment of PhD tuition. The revenue streams are often insufficient to support PhD training programs, and supplemental financial support is required from the institution. In the context of a college of graduate studies, estimates of the cost of educating a graduate student become a significant necessity. This study presents a readily applicable model of empirically estimating the faculty salary costs that may provide a basis for budgetary planning that will help to sustain a biomedical sciences graduate school's commitment to its teaching, research, and service mission goals. PMID:25673355
Westchester Community Coll., Valhalla, NY. Office of Institutional Research and Planning.
This report presents the results of a survey of the 1998 graduates of Westchester Community College. The 464 graduates responding to the survey have fared quite well since graduating. The mean salary of those employed full-time is $29,755. Two-thirds reported being employed, which is slightly less than last year's graduating class. Of those
Full Text Available In the academic year 2012-2013, the first graduates completed bachelor study of psychology at Faculty of Arts in University of Ostrava. In 2013 we implemented pilot research on Facebook whose aim was to find out how many of our graduates continue on Master's study of psychology and on which universities, or what is their subsequent employment. Information about later career/study and additional information about previous study in University of Ostrava (OU were obtained from 20 ex-students who graduated in 2013 (100% of graduates. Because these students were the first bachelor's degree graduates in psychology at OU, we completed also additional analyzes (due to the small number of graduates that can be helpful for the further development of the course. Employments and further Master's studies of our graduates in the field of psychology and other humanities was correlated with the exams' results during the study, with the results of final bachelor exam, and results of the admission tests. As we expected, the results of admission tests or continuous exams' during study didn't show to be successful indicator of admission to follow-up Master's studies of psychology. These information however can be useful for further improving of bachelor psychology course in OU. Given that the results of this pilot research are approximate and research continues, the Master's admission results of further classes will be more relevant indicator of the success rate of our bachelor course of psychology. Because University of Ostrava don't have follow-up Master's study of psychology, we perceive as a success of our Department of psychology that 12 of 20 graduates of psychology were taken to the follow-up Master's study, and 9 of them studies follow-up Master's study of psychology at four universities in the Czech and Slovak Republic.
Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. On July 29 the Institute of Medicine (IOM released a report on graduate medical education (GME (1. This is the residency training that doctors complete after finishing medical school. This training is funded by about $15 billion annually from the Federal government with most of the monies coming from the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS. The report calls for an end to providing the money directly to the teaching hospitals and to dramatically alter the way the funds are paid. Instead payments would be made to community clinics phased in over about 10 years. To administer the program, the report recommends the formation of two committees: 1. A GME Policy Council in the Office of the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health; and 2. A GME Center within the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to manage the operational aspects of GME CMS funding. The later committee ...
Scicluna Helen A
Full Text Available Abstract Background The University of New South Wales (UNSW Faculty of Medicine replaced its old content-based curriculum with an innovative new 6-year undergraduate entry outcomes-based integrated program in 2004. This paper is an initial evaluation of the perceived and assessed clinical capabilities of recent graduates of the new outcomes-based integrated medical program compared to benchmarks from traditional content-based or process-based programs. Method Self-perceived capability in a range of clinical tasks and assessment of medical education as preparation for hospital practice were evaluated in recent graduates after 3 months working as junior doctors. Responses of the 2009 graduates of the UNSWs new outcomes-based integrated medical education program were compared to those of the 2007 graduates of UNSWs previous content-based program, to published data from other Australian medical schools, and to hospital-based supervisor evaluations of their clinical competence. Results Three months into internship, graduates from UNSWs new outcomes-based integrated program rated themselves to have good clinical and procedural skills, with ratings that indicated significantly greater capability than graduates of the previous UNSW content-based program. New program graduates rated themselves significantly more prepared for hospital practice in the confidence (reflective practice, prevention (social aspects of health, interpersonal skills (communication, and collaboration (teamwork subscales than old program students, and significantly better or equivalent to published benchmarks of graduates from other Australian medical schools. Clinical supervisors rated new program graduates highly capable for teamwork, reflective practice and communication. Conclusions Medical students from an outcomes-based integrated program graduate with excellent self-rated and supervisor-evaluated capabilities in a range of clinically-relevant outcomes. The program-wide curriculum reform at UNSW has had a major impact in developing capabilities in new graduates that are important for 21st century medical practice.
Full Text Available The central budget of a country collects only a fraction of the total fiscal revenues and executes only o fraction of the national public expenditures, the rest of the revenues and expenditures becoming the responsability of subnational governments. The economist Charles Tiebout developed a theoretical model which although makes an imperfect description of the reality, shows that peoples mobility is being influenced by tax rates and the amount of state/local expenditures. Thus, he suggests that the degree of responsibility that can be appointed to the local budgets should subscribe to the tax benefits ratio, the extend of the positive externalities and the scale economies of public goods. Also, the issue of revenues distribution among communities is being raised, being identified three kinds of grants used by the public authorities: matching grants, block grants and conditional block grants. In the concept of fiscal federalism there can be found a limited analogy between national public finance theory and international public finance theory, with the international taxation as the pivotal element.
Professores e gestores: análise do perfil das competÊncias gerenciais dos coordenadores de pós-graduação das Instituições Federais de Ensino Superior (IFES) do RS, Brasil / Lecturers and managers: an analysis of the profile of managerial competencies of the post-graduation coordinators of Federal Institutions of Higher Education (IEFS) in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Carolina Freddo, Fleck; Breno Augusto Diniz, Pereira.
Full Text Available A área educacional universitária tem buscado maior profissionalização de seus cargos administrativos a partir da necessidade de conciliar a gestão administrativa, pedagógica, acadêmica e científica. Dessa forma, o presente estudo tem como objetivo verificar o perfil de Competências Gerenciais dos co [...] ordenadores dos Programas de Pós-Graduação das Instituições Federais de Ensino Superior (IFES) do Rio Grande do Sul. Para tal, foi utilizado o modelo teórico de Gary Yukl, publicado em 1998, que divide o perfil de Competências Gerenciais entre administrar tarefas e administrar relações. Foi construído um questionário com base na referida teoria, e validado por meio de uma análise fatorial exploratória. O questionário foi enviado para 261 coordenadores, obtendo um retorno de 161 considerados válidos para a análise. As análises estatísticas demonstraram que as áreas com características mais racionais e "científicas" estão mais relacionadas aos construtos que direcionam para administração do trabalho e/ou execução de tarefas, enquanto que as áreas com características mais subjetivas, apresentam uma relação mais forte com os construtos sobre administrar relações interpessoais. Já os testes sobre a relação entre as universidades e o perfil de competências identificaram características específicas entre administração de relações ou administração do trabalho. Abstract in english University education has sought greater professionalization of the administrative positions given the need to reconcile administrative, educational, academic and scientifi c management. Thus, this study aims to identify the management skills of the coordinators who lead Programs of Post-Graduation a [...] t Federal Institutions (IFES in Portuguese) in Rio Grande do Sul. We identify whether they have the characteristics that in theory are considered ideal for the position they play. For this, we used the theoretical model of Gary Yukl (1998). This model divides the profile of managerial skills into managing tasks and relationships. A questionnaire was constructed based on this theory and it was validated through exploratory factor analysis. We examined the total number of postgraduate courses in Rio Grande do Sul. The questionnaire was send to 261 coordinators, obtaining 163 responses, just 161of which were considered valid for analysis. The statistical analysis between the area of knowledge and managerial competence profile demonstrated that the areas with a more rational expertise are more related to the constructs that lead to labor management and/ or performing tasks. While areas with more subjective characteristics, such as Humanities, showed the strongest relationship with the constructs of interpersonal relations. However, the tests about the relationship between universities and the profile of skills identifi ed specific characteristics between relationship management and administration work.
Monica Claassen?Wilson; Sara E. Morris; Judith Z. Emde
Objectives This usability study was developed to observe faculty and graduate students reactions to a recent redesign of the University of Kansas (KU) Libraries website. The redesign included new navigational features, introduction of a federated search tool, a quick search box on the front page, and research subject pages. The study also provided the opportunity to observe the practices of faculty and graduate students in locating and retrieving information on the Libraries website.Meth...
Substantial differences exist among fuel taxes in various countries. These differences represent a form of fiscal competition that has undesirable side effects because it leads to cross-border fuelling and hence to extra kilometres driven. One possible way of solving the problem of low fuel taxes in neighbouring countries is to introduce a spatial differentiation of taxes: low near the border and higher further away. This paper contains an empirical analysis of the consequences of such a spatial graduation of fuel taxes for the Netherlands. We will analyse impacts on fuelling behaviour, vehicle kilometres driven, tax receipts, and sales by owners of gas stations. The appropriate slope of the graduation curve is also discussed. Our conclusion is that in a small country such as the Netherlands, a spatial graduation of fuel taxes will lead to substantial changes in fuelling behaviour, even when the graduation curve is not steep. Depending on the graduation profile implemented, the spatial differentiation of fuel tax will give rise to substantial problems for owners of gas stations in areas with decreasing fuel sales. 9 refs
Kuipers, Judith L.
Adult professionals are continuing their learning over the lifespan entering graduate school in their thirties, forties, fifties, and, even sixties. Knowledge is the new economic currency today and the increasing rate at which new knowledge is generated in the global world requires continuous learning. The author describes Fielding Graduate
Chen, Xiaoying; Yur-Austin, Jasmine
Since mid-2007, the United States has experienced the direst economic recession since the Great Depression. While considerable institutional resources have been spent on boosting 4-year graduation rates, many college students purposefully delayed graduation, waiting to enter the labor market until the overall economic situation had improved. Theâ¦
Storen, Liv Anne
What are the driving forces behind the unequal distribution of training after graduation among higher education graduates? Participation in lifelong learning is restricted here to work-related training. The paper aims at examining the mechanisms that cause variation in training rates, by taking into account fields of study, personal competency
The University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) offers a graduate diploma program in nuclear technology that consists of a suite of six sub-specialties: Fuel, Materials and Chemistry; Reactor Systems; Operation and Maintenance; Safety, Licensing and Regulatory Affairs; Health Physics; and Radiological Applications. Four courses selected from a list that covers the knowledge and skill set of each sub-specialty have to be completed in order to gain a graduate diploma in the specific area. The program is designed to accommodate the needs of people working in the nuclear industry to upgrade their knowledge and skills, to promote career advancement and to provide a framework for lifelong learning. (author)
Full Text Available Starting points: In Slovenia, the higher education institution for nursing started exploring employability opportunities in nursing care in connection with the achievement of competencies from students and employers point of view. This article highlights the importance of monitoring nursing graduates employability. Its aim is to examine the employability of nursing care graduates based on the self-evaluation of competences obtained during the last study year and to establish a link between the self-evaluation of competences and students academic performance.
Geographers in higher education should pay closer attention to career patterns so they can give career advice and provide courses that give students marketable skills. A brief survey of information currently available on graduate careers in geography is presented. For journal availability, see SO 505 963. (Author/AV)
In this paper the range of natural radiation exposure rate found in dwelling-houses is discussed. The source of this exposure are natural radionuclides 40K, 226Ra, 232Th and their decay products widely distributed in soil and in building materials. The resulting whole body dose equivalent rate of gamma radiation is compared to the effective dose equivalent rate of alpha radiation originating from 222Rn diffusing out of building materials and decaying to alpha emitting short living daughters. (Author)
Oermann, Marilyn H.; Garvin, Michael F.
Recent nursing graduates (n=46) rated stresses and challenges in clinical practice. Stressors included not feeling competent/confident, making mistakes due to increased workload, and encountering new situations. Challenges included applying knowledge to practice and acquiring new skills. Most emotions were positive but anxiety was frequent. Ways
Benishek, Lois A.; Chessler, Marcy
Despite concerted efforts to modify research training environments to facilitate interest in research, graduate students in applied areas of counseling publish at low rates. This article discusses 2 identity development theories and provides suggestions for how these theories can be used by counseling-related programs to foster students'
Calpito, Kimvy V.
Graduate students handle many outside factors while attempting to complete their degree. Examples of factors consist of "age, career state, personal life circumstances, reasons for pursuing an education, and finances" (Cooke, Sims, & Peyrefitte, 1995, p. 677). Stressful factors tend to lead into increased attrition rates at higher education
Hullinger, Megan; Hogan, R. Lance
A significant issue for U.S. institutions of higher education is reducing the anxiety of students in order to help increase retention rates and improve academic performance. The purpose of this study was to analyze the anxiety levels of incoming graduate students at a Midwest regional state university to determine if an online student orientation
O'Phelan, Mary H.; Norman, Antony D.; Ecton, Gayle W.
The third-year implementation of Graduation 2010, a districtwide public-school initiative, had its beginnings in brain-based research and involvement from both school and community. The original plan for the program had eight strands: Arts, Music, Foreign Language, Reading/Language Development, Thinking Skills, Health/Emotional Health, Family
O'Phelan, Mary H.; Norman, Antony D.; Ecton, Gayle W.
The second-year implementation of Graduation 2010, a districtwide public-school initiative, had its beginnings in brain-based research and involvement from both school and community. The original plan for the program had eight strands: (1) Arts; (2) Music; (3) Foreign Language; (4) Reading/Language Development; (5) Thinking Skills; (6)
Bledsoe, Maynard T.; Oatsvall, Rebecca
MBA worth--who decides? Much of the current assessment comes from market driven and/or institutional perspectives. This research examines responses from Meredith College MBA graduates to determine their perceptions of the worth and value of their MBA experience.
Mereness, Dorothy A.
All too often baccalaureate graduates move directly into graduate study and then into teaching positions, with little or no nursing practice and the opportunity to gain basic clinical competence. (Author)
Singh, Chandralekha; Maries, Alexandru
An important goal of graduate physics core courses is to help students develop expertise in problem solving and improve their reasoning and meta-cognitive skills. We explore the conceptual difficulties of physics graduate students by administering conceptual problems on topics covered in undergraduate physics courses before and after instruction in related first year core graduate courses. Here, we focus on physics graduate students' difficulties manifested by their performance on two qualita...
Dr. Abdul Farouk Ahmed
This paper attempts to clarify the employability construct as it relates to competitive organisation. The major purpose of the paper is in promoting awareness of the need for curriculum reform directed at improving employability of graduates. Unemployment of graduates or underemployment of university graduates is a gross waste that no nation can afford. Past studies have focused in identifying the reasons for the large unemployment of graduates. Jobstreet, a Malaysian employment agency conduc...
Priego Quesada, J I; Lucas-Cuevas, A G; Gil-Calvo, M; Giménez, J V; Aparicio, I; Cibrián Ortiz de Anda, R M; Salvador Palmer, R; Llana-Belloch, S; Pérez-Soriano, P
High skin temperatures reduce the thermal gradient between the core and the skin and they can lead to a reduction in performance and increased risk of injury. Graduated compression stockings have become popular among runners in the last years and their use may influence the athlete's thermoregulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of graduated compression stockings on skin temperature during running in a moderate indoor environment. Forty-four runners performed two running tests lasting 30min (10min of warm-up and 20min at 75% of their maximal aerobic speed) with and without graduated compressive stockings. Skin temperature was measured in 12 regions of interest on the lower limb by infrared thermography before and after running. Heart rate and perception of fatigue were assessed during the last minute of the running test. Compression stockings resulted in greater increase of temperature (p=0.002 and ES=2.2, 95% CI [0.11-0.45°C]) not only in the body regions in contact (tibialis anterior, ankle anterior and gastrocnemius) but also in the body regions that were not in contact with the garment (vastus lateralis, abductor and semitendinosus). No differences were observed between conditions in heart rate and perception of fatigue (p>0.05 and ES<0.8). In conclusion, running with graduated compression stockings produces a greater increase of skin temperature without modifying the athlete's heart rate and perception of fatigue. PMID:26267507
Lawson, Timothy J.; Reisinger, Debra L.; Jordan-Fleming, Mary Kay
Information about the undergraduate psychology courses preferred by graduate programs is useful for a number of purposes, including (a) advising psychology majors who are interested in graduate school, (b) undergraduate curriculum planning, and (c) examining whether graduate programs' preferences reflect national guidelines for the undergraduateâ¦
Hankin, Joseph N.; Ford, Julius C.
In fall 1994, Westchester Community College (WCC), in New York, conducted a study of the 1,018 students who graduated in summer or fall 1993 or spring 1994 to determine educational and work-related outcomes and compare findings to outcomes for previous years' graduates. Study findings, based on responses from 436 (42.8%) of the graduates, included
Dimitrov, Nanda; Dawson, Debra L.; Olsen, Karyn C.; Meadows, Ken N.
This study explores how teaching development programs may facilitate the development of intercultural competence in graduate students and prepare them for communicating effectively in the global workplace after graduation. First, we describe the concept of intercultural teaching competence and examine the skills that graduate students may need toâ¦
McDermott, Edel; Mangan, John; O'Connor, Marion
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceived progress of graduates who have been recruited by organisations and to assess their expectations and corresponding satisfaction levels. Drawing on the psychological contract and graduate development literature, the objective of the study was to compare the opinions of graduates from an
Thurlow, Martha L.; Albus, Debra A.; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Vang, Miong
Graduation rates and requirements for earning a regular diploma are topics of increasing interest as states focus on ensuring that their students are college and career ready when they leave school with a diploma. To ensure that states are gauging the rates at which students are graduating in a consistent way, the Elementary and Secondary
The aim of this paper is to outline the NDA National Graduate Programme (nuclear graduates). The NDA has a remit under the Energy Act (2004) 'to maintain and develop the skills for decommissioning and nuclear clean-up'. Although current research is now being reviewed, there is significant evidence to suggest that the age profile in the Site Licence Companies is skewed towards older workers and there is likely to be a skill shortage in 3-5 years. As nuclear clean-up is a national issue; skill shortages also become a national issue in a very real sense. In addition, evidence suggests that the industry needs to be constantly challenged in order to achieve its targets for decommissioning. The NDA has a unique position under the Act. It is both a strategic overseer and direct employer. To this end the 'National Graduate Programme' is aligned to both the NDA's previous succession plans and the needs of the industry. Industry needs leadership that challenges the status quo and moves the UK nuclear industry to become best in class; Industry needs a dedicated to programme to address skills shortages and difficult to recruit areas such as, but not exclusively, estimators, schedulers, contract managers, site engineers, decommissioning technicians, safety monitors; The NDA has indicated a 'commercial and politically savvy' cohort is required to meet its own internal challenges and to ensure sustainability in its own workforce, and to be sensitive to the needs of customers and suppliers alike; Need to create a more diversified workforce in the nuclear industry and also plan for new skills evolving from research and development breakthroughs; Need to ensure that Tier 1, 2, 3 and 4 contractors invest in the leadership and skills for the future. World Class - delivery will be benchmarked against UK based multinational companies who operate in a global graduate attraction and development marketplace. The graduates targeted will be from leading institutions and will have a blend of leading technical proficiency mixed with indications of 'high performer' potential. Professional - Throughout the programme the graduates will be working towards achieving professional qualifications though the relevant 'Institute' for their discipline, such as the IMECHE. The training and experience gained from the scheme is programmed around a syllabus of work and courses, which will be accredited retrospectively by the 'Institutes'. The two year 'initial professional development' programme whilst the graduate is with the NDA is then fitted into a further two years with stakeholders for their first 'substantive role'. Whilst there is no monetary contribution from the stakeholders there is a significant resource support from the programme stakeholders. They will provide a sophisticated matrix of support in attraction and assessment support, professional development, mentoring, training and scheme evaluation. The programme will be using cutting edge marketing, assessment, recruitment and training tools. It will also deliver a pioneering socio economic programme that will combine professional training with cultural and behavioural insight work. The aims of the programme are aligned with the NDA succession plan and Skills Strategy Document. The graduate profile by the end of the two year programme is 'mobile, professional, aware and ambitious.' The Programme is driven by a group comprising of companies across the industry including the NDA, SLC's, defence operators, operational power station organisations, regulators and the supply chain. Uniquely, the programme offers no 'specific job' with the NDA after the two year programme is completed. The programme will be integrated into the existing partners' schemes to ensure smooth progression. The Graduate's progress after 2 years will be facilitated by a careers service and formal rules governing the behaviour of partners. The first cohort targeted graduates from the following disciplines areas: Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Finance, Procurement and Project Controls. These disciplines were expanded for the later cohorts to include areas such as materials, electrical engineering, health physics, safety case writing and chemistry. The graduates have gone through a series of four secondments. Throughout the programme four periods of training have been conducted. All secondments are in a specific work discipline and have had defined projects. Training has been structured and aligned with relevant 'Institute' competencies to ensure a route through to chartered status for any graduates wishing to follow this line. There is also an emphasis on behavioural and technical training to ensure a broad experience for those going through the programme. Attraction and recruitment was formed from two areas: Recruitment of second jobbers and traditional 'milk-round' recruitment. An online Applicant Tracking System has been used to streamline much of the application and assessment phases of the recruitment phase and capture graduates not suitable for the NDA programme that may be of interest to stakeholders. A bespoke Socio-Economic Programme, named Footprints, has delivered: '10% Time' - a voluntary work in the community programme, which compliments other training areas, focussing on 'the skills agenda' and bringing the NDA into the heart of the community; Society 'programme days' introducing the graduates to the role of the industry in society through bespoke away days. These have included visits to facilities such as the UK Government, coal mines, schools, meat markets, churches etc. The 'Footprints' programme is themed around specific strands such as education, innovation, community and governance and is targeted at geographical areas aligned to NDA's socio economic plan. (authors)
Feng, Xingyuan; Ljungwall, Christer; Guo, Sujian; Wu, Alfred M.
in the Western literature? Second, are there any problems with existing principles of fiscal federalism and, if so, how to refine them? Third, how are refined principles relevant to the Chinese case and what policies should the Chinese government pursue in the future? Based on an in-depth and......China's centrallocal relations have been marked by perpetual changes amidst economic restructuring. Fiscal decentralization on the expenditure side has been paralleled by centralization on the revenue side, accompanied by political centralization. Hence, our understanding of China's fiscal...... relations is not without controversy. This paper aims to make a theoretical contribution to the ongoing debate on fiscal federalism by addressing crucial questions regarding China's centrallocal fiscal relations: first, to what extent do Chinese centrallocal fiscal relations conform to fiscal federalism...
Full Text Available This paper contains a research study about the integration of 1st cycle graduates on the labour market. Marketing research was carried out among university graduates, emphasising their career path after graduating, taking into account that graduates job placement has acquired great importance in higher education. The conclusion drawn in the paper is that career counselling and orientation should be fostered for students, while more weight should be given to practical placements in the study programs curriculum, in order to build specific competences for students, which make them capable to obtain a better job position after graduation.
Impey, C. D.
At the University of Arizona, as in many other top-ranked research institutions, there is a tension between the desire to give student broad enough skills for the workplace with the demands of the specific academic discipline. 2/3 of the Astronomy graduate students at Steward Observatory go on to permanent jobs at universities or observatories, but some of our most successful graduates take more diverse career paths. We do not wish to sacrifice academic rigor in astrophysics or the primary goal of training students in research. However, we are creating opportunities for (a) students to take M.Sc. and eventually Ph.D. degrees with a specialization in education, and (b) students with technical skills to have Ph.D. minors in optics, applied physics, or ECE. This second initiative is the subject of a pending NSF/IGERT proposal, with the science theme "Search for other Worlds."
An important goal of graduate physics core courses is to help students develop expertise in problem solving and improve their reasoning and meta-cognitive skills. We explore the conceptual difficulties of physics graduate students by administering conceptual problems on topics covered in undergraduate physics courses before and after instruction in related first year core graduate courses. Here, we focus on physics graduate students' difficulties manifested by their performance on two qualitative problems involving diagrammatic representation of vector fields. Some graduate students had great difficulty in recognizing whether the diagrams of the vector fields had divergence and/or curl but they had no difficulty computing the divergence and curl of the vector fields mathematically. We also conducted individual discussions with various faculty members who regularly teach first year graduate physics core courses about the goals of these courses and the performance of graduate students on the conceptual problems...
Singh, Chandralekha; Maries, Alexandru
An important goal of graduate physics core courses is to help students develop expertise in problem solving and improve their reasoning and meta-cognitive skills. We explore the conceptual difficulties of physics graduate students by administering conceptual problems on topics covered in undergraduate physics courses before and after instruction in related first year core graduate courses. Here, we focus on physics graduate students' difficulties manifested by their performance on two qualitative problems involving diagrammatic representation of vector fields. Some graduate students had great difficulty in recognizing whether the diagrams of the vector fields had divergence and/or curl but they had no difficulty computing the divergence and curl of the vector fields mathematically. We also conducted individual discussions with various faculty members who regularly teach first year graduate physics core courses about the goals of these courses and the performance of graduate students on the conceptual problems after related instruction in core courses.
Amezcua, Rocio; Pearl, David L; Martinez, Alejandro; Robert .M. Friendship
Strong correlations between clinical signs on farms and the presence of lesions at slaughter have been reported. The objective of this study was to determine if changes in condemnation rates provide a data source for surveillance of disease outbreaks in pigs. The data were obtained from 1 abattoir in Ontario (20052007). The epidemiological relevance of the results was based on an outbreak of porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD) in Ontario in 2005. The total condemnations and condemn...
Sweeney, Richard J.
provisions that make taxharmonization difficult to impose. Other types of harmonization have a less clear-cut costbenefitanalysis. A federal commercial code that is uniform across member states reducestransaction and information costs, compared to leaving important code issues to memberstates; further, many...
Full Text Available Abstract Background The increasing migration of health professionals to affluent countries is not a recent phenomenon and has been addressed in literature. However the various facets of physician migration from Pakistan, the third leading source of International medical graduates has not been rigorously evaluated. The objective of the current study was to survey final year students and recent medical graduates in Lahore, Pakistan about their intentions to train abroad, their post training plans as well as to identify the factors responsible for their motivation for international migration. Method A self administered structured questionnaire was developed to collect respondents' demographic and educational characteristics, intention to train abroad, their preferred destination & post training intentions of returning to Pakistan. Various influencing factors which impact on medical graduate's motivation to train abroad or stay in Pakistan were explored using a 10 point scale. SPSS software was used for data entry and analysis. Results Of the 400 eligible respondents, 275 responded (response rate 68.7%. One hundred and sixty six respondents (60.4% intended to train abroad either for a specialty (54.9% or a subspecialty (5.5% The United States and United Kingdom were the most preferred destination. While 14.2% intended to return to Pakistan immediately after training, a significant percentage (10% never intended to return to Pakistan or wished to stay abroad temporarily (37%. Professional excellence and establishing quickly in the competitive market were the most important goal to be achieved by the respondents for intention for postgraduate training abroad. The most common reasons cited for training abroad were the impact of residency training on future career (mean score 8.20 ± 2.3, financial conditions of doctors (mean score 7.97 ± 2.37 and job opportunities (mean score7.90 ± 2.34. Conclusion An alarming percentage of medical graduates from Lahore, Pakistan intend to migrate for post graduate training, mainly to United States. A significant proportion wished to stay in the host country either temporarily or indefinitely. Impact of residency abroad on future career, financial conditions of doctors, job opportunities and better working conditions were some of the motivating factors behind the migration.
McCalla-Graham, James A; De Gagne, Jennie C
The high attrition rate of graduate nurses will exacerbate the current nursing shortage as Baby Boomer nurses (born between 1946 and 1964) retire, negatively affecting the quality of patient care and increasing employer costs. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experiences of new graduate nurses employed in an acute care setting in southwest Florida. This information provides further guidance to nurse educators as they develop curricula, support graduate nurses to transition into professional practice, and create strategies to increase retention. Ten participants who were traditional students in generic baccalaureate nursing programs, selected through purposeful and snowball sampling, were interviewed via open-ended questions. Using Colaizzi's classic phenomenological method of data analysis and NVivo 10 software, three over-arching themes emerged-knowledge, skills, and environment-which were interpreted in relation to graduates' lived experience. Recommendations include implementation of innovative initiatives that address new graduates' experience and increase retention. PMID:25723333
D. G. Pompeu
Full Text Available The good development of research in biochemistry is strongly linked to the knowledge and skill of the professional in using the techniques available to perform the research. To do this, the researcher must have adequate training and the period of initiation to science during graduation is of fundamental importance for the formation of this professional. Graduate students, in its turn, must seek to strengthen their knowledge and development of their teaching skills. In this scenario, the Multicenter Postgraduate Program in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (PMBqBM - (Brazilian Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - SBBq - and Federal University of São João del Rei, Campus Midwest - UFSJ/CCO joined the Postgraduate Program in Biotechnology (UFSJ/CCO for the creation of I Summer Course in Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology of UFSJ. The objective was to promote the dissemination of the research areas in biochemistry present in UFSJ as well as both Postgraduate programs. This course was organized and taught by students of the two Postgraduate programs and exclusively aimed to undergraduate students from other institutions. In it, undergraduate students could choose from 12 courses of different lines of research linked to the areas of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology established at UFSJ. The course, lasting 40 hours, had 80 subscribers for a total of 61 vacancies. Registrants were from 8 different Brazilian states and 12 different graduate degree courses, especially Biology. The course had average rating of 9.4, and the practical activities reached the rate of 100% positive evaluations. Through the observation of results obtained, it is concluded that the course met its main objectives to strengthen ties between institutions where develop research in biochemistry, to promote teaching and training techniques, as well as disclose the Postgraduate courses on Biochemistry, especially PMBqBM.
As colleges and lawmakers seek better data about the employment success of graduates, a lack of standardized tracking makes much of the information unreliable. Many colleges release placement rates based on scant information: More than a third of colleges' reported rates in 2010 were based on responses from half of their graduates or fewer,
US Agency for International Development â PingFederate Server provides Identity Federation and Single Sign On Capabilities. Federated identity management (or identity federation) enables enterprises to...
Thelma L. Ramirez
Full Text Available This paper aimed to determine if the field of specialization in the different colleges of RTU graduates and their academic-acquired skills and competencies are related to their present occupations. A modified Graduate Tracer Study (GTS instrument was utilized to gather the quantitative data. Out of 500 questionnaires administered, there were 250 graduates returned answered questionnaires representing the three Colleges: Education, Arts and Sciences, Business and Entrepreneurial Technology. A face to face interview was also conducted in order to support the gathered data. The SPSS was used to generate results from the acquired quantitative data using the frequency counts, percentage and the Chi-square goodness of fit test. The findings revealed that the graduates claimed that their knowledge, academic-acquired skills and competencies contributed greatly in their job performance. The Chi-square goodness of fit proved that there is a significant relationship between the graduatesâ fields of specialization and their occupations after graduation. Likewise, the academic-acquired skills and competencies of the graduates are relevant to their chosen occupations. The results further proved that RTU produces marketable and appropriately trained graduates with the majority landing in course-related jobs within a short period after graduation. The study also indicates that the RTU graduates possess the skills and competencies necessary to succeed in this competitive world. However eexpansion of tie-ups with private business entities is made to at least maintain the high employability level of the graduates.
Accident statistics on all modes of transportation are available as risk assessment analytical tools through several federal agencies. This paper reports on the examination of the accident databases by personal contact with the federal staff responsible for administration of the database programs. This activity, sponsored by the Department of Energy through Sandia National Laboratories, is an overview of the national accident data on highway, rail, air, and marine shipping. For each mode, the definition or reporting requirements of an accident are determined and the method of entering the accident data into the database is established. Availability of the database to others, ease of access, costs, and who to contact were prime questions to each of the database program managers. Additionally, how the agency uses the accident data was of major interest
Bruckmeier, Kerstin; Fischer, Georg-Benedikt; Wigger, Berthold U.
We used the recent introduction of general tuition fees at public universities in several of the German federal states as a natural experiment to identify whether tuition fees reduce the time to graduation and the extent to which they do so. We employed a difference-in-differences approach with the states that introduced fees as the treatment
Leonard, Jack; Petta, Katherine; Porter, Christina
Teacher leadership has been studied in the United States for 30 years, but less is known about American graduate programs that purport to prepare teacher leaders. Furthermore, the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 prompted a closer look at teacher effectiveness, which then shifted the definition of teacher leadership and caused some
Leonard, Jack; Petta, Katherine; Porter, Christina
Teacher leadership has been studied in the United States for 30 years, but less is known about American graduate programs that purport to prepare teacher leaders. Furthermore, the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 prompted a closer look at teacher effectiveness, which then shifted the definition of teacher leadership and caused someâ¦
Many political issues like abortion, gay marriage or assisted suicide are strongly contested because individuals have preferences not only over their own choice but also about other individuals? actions. How should society decide these issues? This paper compares three regimes (centralization, decentralization and federalism) in an economy where individuals choose their residence and vote over a single-dimensional regulatory policy at the regional and national level. The main results are: (i)...
This listing of physicists and students associated with the U.S. high-energy physics program was obtained by asking the research groups, laboratories, and other agencies involved to update previous information. The first part of this volume is an alphabetical listing and includes only the name, rank, and institution of high-energy physicists and graduate students. The second part of the volume is arranged by institution. Within each institution, the faculty (or permanent staff) and the graduate students are presented in separate alphabetical lists. For each person the entry indicates the year and institution of highest degree, rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is also indicated an estimated date for their degree. Where appropriate, a person is listed at more than one institution. Except as noted in the headings, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1978. (RWR)
This listing of physicists and students associated with the U. S. high energy physics program has been compiled in the Office of the Assistant Director for High Energy Physics of the Division of Physical Research of the U. S. Energy Research and Development Administration. This listing has been obtained by asking the research groups, laboratories, and other agencies involved to update our previous listing. We would like to take this opportunity to thank the many contributors who assisted in submitting information. In addition, we would like to thank the National Science Foundation program office for their assistance in obtaining information on their grantees. This listing is in two parts. The first part is an alphabetical listing and includes only the name, rank, and institution of high-energy physicists and graduate students. The second part of the listing is arranged by institution. Within each institution, the faculty (or permanent staff) and the graduate students are presented in separate alphabetical lists. For each person, the entry indicates his birthdate, the year and institution of his highest degree, his rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and his sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is indicated an estimated date for degree reception. Where appropriate, a person is listed at more than one institution. Except as noted in the listings, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1975
This listing of physicists and students associated with the US high energy physics program has been compiled in the Division of High Energy Physics of the Office of Energy Research of the US Department of Energy. This listing has been obtained by asking the research groups, laboratories, and other agencies involved to update previous information. This volume is in two parts. The first part is an alphabetical listing and includes only the name, rank, and institution of high energy physicists and graduate students. The second part of the volume is arranged by institution. Within each institution, the faculty (or permanent staff) and the graduate students are presented in separate alphabetical lists. For each person the entry indicates their birthdate, the year and institution of their highest degree, their rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and their sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is also indicated an estimated date for their degree. Where appropriate, a person is listed at more than one institution. Except as noted in the headings, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1981
This listing of physicists and students associated with the U.S. high-energy physics program was obtained by asking the research groups, laboratories, and other agencies involved to update previous information. The first part of this volume is an alphabetical listing and includes only the name, rank, and institution of high-energy physicists and graduate students. The second part of the volume is arranged by institution. Within each institution, the faculty (or permanent staff) and the graduate students are presented in separate alphabetical lists. For each person the entry indicates birthdate, the year and institution of highest degree, rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is also indicated an estimated date for their degree. Where appropriate, a person is listed at more than one institution. Except as noted in the headings, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1978
Oware, Daniel Wilfred
The purpose of this study is to examine graduate students? views on information literacy with the aim of understanding their opinions and experience about some aspects of information literacy and its importance in academic work or research, and also to ascertain the sources of information graduate students use most. Mixed methods of both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used, combining online survey and face-to-face interviews to examine graduate students? views and experiences wi...
Stokes, Lillian G.
The role of associate degree nursing (ADN) programs has changed dramatically in their 30 years of existence. The number of ADN graduates increased from 260 in 1954 to 36,434 in 1980, and 47.8% of all nursing graduates in 1980 came from ADN programs, as compared to 0.9% in 1954. These graduates have the best record of employment five years after
Autonomy takes many shapes. The concept of graduated autonomy is conceived as comprising several unique features: (1) it is incremental, (2) it is proportional, and (3) it is related to the telos of the life stage during which it occurs. This paper focuses on graduated autonomy in the context of genetic testing during adolescence. Questions can be raised about other life stages as well, and some of these questions will be addressed by discussing a possible fourth characteristic of graduated...
Purpose: To quantify the employment status of 1995 graduates of radiation oncology training programs in the United States. Methods and Materials: All senior residents (149) and fellows (36) who completed training in 1995 were mailed an employment survey questionnaire by the Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology (ARRO). Telephone follow-up of nonrespondents achieved a 100% response rate. Twenty graduates who chose to continue training and five who returned to their home countries were removed from the study. Of the 160 who attempted to enter the U.S. workforce, 106 were men and 54 were women. Initial job status and job status at 6-8 months following graduation were determined. Results: Unemployment was 6.9% at graduation and 4.4% at 6-8 months. Underemployment (part-time employment) was 10.6% at graduation and 11.9% at 6-8 months postgraduation. Of those working part-time 6-8 months after graduation, 63% (12 of 19) did so involuntarily after unsuccessfully seeking full-time employment. For the 20 graduates who chose to continue training with fellowships, seven (35%) did so solely to avoid unemployment, four (20%) were partially influenced by the job market, and nine (45%) were not influenced by the job market. Adverse employment search outcome was defined as being either unemployed as a radiation oncologist or involuntarily working part-time. Excluding those who chose to work part-time, a total of 19 (11.9%) graduates at 6-8 months following graduation, compared to 22 (13.8%) at graduation, were either unemployed or involuntarily working part-time. In terms of gender, this represented 18.5% (10 of 54) of females and 8.6% (9 of 105) of males. In terms of geographic restrictions in the job search, 56% of males and 70% of females with an adverse employment outcome limited their job search to certain parts of the country. This compares to 62% of all graduates in this study with geographic restrictions in their job search. In terms of perceptions of the workforce and employment opportunities, 95% of all graduates believed there was an oversupply of radiation oncologists and 95.5% believed the job market was worse than what they had anticipated on entering training. Only 42.8% of all graduates were satisfied with the job opportunities available to them. A significant number of private practice positions (41%) did not offer a partnership track, and those that did so had an increased median employment period before partnership (3.25 years) compared to previous years. Conclusion: This is the only employment survey for any specialty in which a 100% response rate was achieved. Upon graduation, a significant number of residents and fellows were either unemployed or involuntarily underemployed. The job market absorbed only a fraction of them at 6-8 months. Most graduates, including those employed full-time, were not satisfied with the practice opportunities available to them during their job search. Many private-sector jobs did not offer a partnership track, and those that did required an increased employment period. A higher rate of involuntary part-time employment was seen for female graduates. Geographic restrictions in job search alone could not account for graduates being unemployed or underemployed, and could not account for gender differences. An overwhelming majority of 1995 radiation oncology graduates believed that the job market had deteriorated and that there was an oversupply of radiation oncologists. As one of two major studies tracking the employment status of radiation oncology graduates, we believe this study to be superior in methodology. We also believe this study presents data in a manner useful to medical students, training program directors, and healthcare policymakers
The mining industry is one of the main factors which anthropogenically change the environment. Mining process results in removing of the rocks and mechanical changes of considerable amounts of ground. One of the main results of mining arising of antropic ecosystems as well as increasing of the new created soils total area is technosols. The main factor controlling the soil formation in postmining environment is the quality of spoiled materials. Initial soil formation has been investigated on spoils of the largest iron ore extraction complex in Russia - Mikhailovsky mining and concentration complex which is situated in Kursk region, Russia. Investigated soils are presented by monogenetic weak developed soils of different age (10-15-20 years). Young soils are formed on the loess parent materials (20 year-old soil), or on a mix of sand and clay overburdens (15 and 10-year-old soils). Anthropogenically affected soils are characterized by well-developed humus horizon which is gradually replaced by weakly changed soil-building rocks (profile type A-C for 10-, 15-years old soils, and A-AC-C for 20 years old soils). Gray-humus soils are characterized by presence of diagnostic humus horizon gradually replaced by soil-building rock. The maximum intensity of humus accumulation has been determined in a semi-hydromorphic 10-year-old soil developed on the mixed heaps which is connected with features of water-air conditions complicating mineralization of plant remnants. 20-year-old soil on loess is characterized by rather high rate of organic substances accumulation between all the automorphous soils. It was shown that one of the most effective restoration ways for anthropogenically affected soils is a biological reclamation. Since overburdens once appeared on a day surface are overgrown badly in the first years, they are subject to influence of water and wind erosion. Our researchers have found out that permanent grasses are able to grow quickly; they accumulate a considerable quantity of top and root mass, promote accumulation of humus and accelerate soil building.
Formação docente e o ensino de Pós-Graduação em Saúde: uma experiência na UNIFESP / Teacher development and Post-Graduate studies in Health: an experience at the Federal University of São Paulo / Formación docente y enseñanza de Postgrado en Salud: una experiencia en la UNIFESP
Maria Aparecida de Oliveira, Freitas; Otília Maria Lúcia Barbosa, Seiffert.
Full Text Available O artigo trata do significado atribuído à Disciplina de Formação Didático-Pedagógica em Saúde por egressos, nos Programas de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu da UNIFESP. O percurso metodológico compreendeu pesquisa bibliográfica sobre docência universitária; pesquisa documental à legislação nacional sobr [...] e ensino superior, docência e pós-graduação, e documentos relacionados à Disciplina; mapeamento dos egressos no período de 1998 a 2003, para composição da amostra dos sujeitos que estivessem exercendo a docência; aplicação de questionário semi-estruturado a 112 egressos e análise dos dados orientada pela técnica de análise de conteúdo. Os resultados revelam influência da Disciplina na atuação da docência desses egressos, indicando sua importância para o processo de formação docente para o magistério superior em saúde. Abstract in spanish El artículo trata del significado atribuido a la Disciplina de Formación Didáctico-Pedagógica en Salud por alumnos que cursaron esa disciplina. Esta materia es ofrecida en los Programas de Postgrado de la UNIFESP. El camino metodológico comprendió pesquisa bibliográfica sobre docencia universitaria; [...] pesquisa documental consultas a la legislación nacional sobre enseñanza superior, docencia, postgrado y documentos relacionados a la Disciplina; El relevamiento de los egresados en el período 1998-2003 fue necesario para componer la muestra de los sujetos que ejercieron la docencia (112 egresados) a los cuales se aplicó un cuestionario semi-estructurado. El análisis de los datos, realizado por análisis de contenido, muestra que la Disciplina influenció eses sujetos que actúan en la docencia, indicando su importancia en el proceso de formación docente para el magisterio superior en salud. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to analyze the views and conceptions shared by the graduate students who attended the Pedagogy and Didactics in Health Sciences Course, offered by the Graduate Programs at the UNIFESP. The methodological approach consisted of bibliographic research on the higher education t [...] eaching; documental analysis involving the national legislation for higher education, teaching and graduate studies and documents related to this Course. Graduate students from 1998 and 2003 were mapped in order to build the samples of those (112 egresses) that were involved in teaching activities. The data were collected through a semi-structured questionnaire. The data analysis, oriented by the Content Analysis Technique, reveals that this experience has an influence on the way these professors understand and practice their teaching skills, showing the importance for the faculty development at the higher education level in Health Sciences.
Formação docente e o ensino de Pós-Graduação em Saúde: uma experiência na UNIFESP Formación docente y enseñanza de Postgrado en Salud: una experiencia en la UNIFESP Teacher development and Post-Graduate studies in Health: an experience at the Federal University of São Paulo
Maria Aparecida de Oliveira Freitas
Full Text Available O artigo trata do significado atribuído à Disciplina de Formação Didático-Pedagógica em Saúde por egressos, nos Programas de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu da UNIFESP. O percurso metodológico compreendeu pesquisa bibliográfica sobre docência universitária; pesquisa documental à legislação nacional sobre ensino superior, docência e pós-graduação, e documentos relacionados à Disciplina; mapeamento dos egressos no período de 1998 a 2003, para composição da amostra dos sujeitos que estivessem exercendo a docência; aplicação de questionário semi-estruturado a 112 egressos e análise dos dados orientada pela técnica de análise de conteúdo. Os resultados revelam influência da Disciplina na atuação da docência desses egressos, indicando sua importância para o processo de formação docente para o magistério superior em saúde.El artículo trata del significado atribuido a la Disciplina de Formación Didáctico-Pedagógica en Salud por alumnos que cursaron esa disciplina. Esta materia es ofrecida en los Programas de Postgrado de la UNIFESP. El camino metodológico comprendió pesquisa bibliográfica sobre docencia universitaria; pesquisa documental consultas a la legislación nacional sobre enseñanza superior, docencia, postgrado y documentos relacionados a la Disciplina; El relevamiento de los egresados en el período 1998-2003 fue necesario para componer la muestra de los sujetos que ejercieron la docencia (112 egresados a los cuales se aplicó un cuestionario semi-estructurado. El análisis de los datos, realizado por análisis de contenido, muestra que la Disciplina influenció eses sujetos que actúan en la docencia, indicando su importancia en el proceso de formación docente para el magisterio superior en salud.The aim of this study was to analyze the views and conceptions shared by the graduate students who attended the Pedagogy and Didactics in Health Sciences Course, offered by the Graduate Programs at the UNIFESP. The methodological approach consisted of bibliographic research on the higher education teaching; documental analysis involving the national legislation for higher education, teaching and graduate studies and documents related to this Course. Graduate students from 1998 and 2003 were mapped in order to build the samples of those (112 egresses that were involved in teaching activities. The data were collected through a semi-structured questionnaire. The data analysis, oriented by the Content Analysis Technique, reveals that this experience has an influence on the way these professors understand and practice their teaching skills, showing the importance for the faculty development at the higher education level in Health Sciences.
Based on thousands of interviews with successful grad students and graduate admissions officers, Graduate Admissions Essays deconstructs and demystifies the ever-challenging and seemingly more impersonal application process for getting into graduate and scholarship programs. The book presents 50 sample essays in a comprehensive range of subjects, detailed strategies that have proven successful for some of the most notoriously competitive graduate programs in the country, as well as sample letters of recommendation, essays for residencies and fellowships, and postgrad applications.
Warren, Matthew G.
Many students do not graduate from high school, which could lead to poorer quality of life, lower paying jobs, and increased crime. Previous researchers have indicated that Hispanic and African American students graduate at a significantly lower rate than White students. However, there remains an important gap in the current literature regarding
Brownie, Sharon M.; Williams, Ged; Barnewall, Kate; Bishaw, Suzanne; Cooper, Jennifer L.; Robb, Walter; Younis, Neima; Kuzemski, Dawn
Graduates of an Abu Dhabi transnational nursing degree struggled with the mandatory national licensing examination. Poor pass rates undermine graduate career futures and impact on the workforce capacity building contributions of the partnering transnational educational providers. This paper describes how the design and delivery of an intensive
Hartel, Richard W.
When looking for a new student a few years ago, I considered an international student who wasn't available for me to interview personallysomething I've come to require before I accept a student into my research group. After some preliminary discussion, I asked her my "behavioral" questions by email to give her an opportunity to provide me with some insight into her qualifications and character. I asked her to describe experiences where she had to resolve a conflict with someone else, where she had faced and overcome a hurdle, and to describe her motivation for graduate school. In her response, which started by noting a particular interaction she had had with her father, she presented me with a well-written documentary of her skills, into which her responses to my three questions were woven. Being the sort of person myself who would have bullet-pointed a response and detailed specific activities to document those skills, I was greatly impressed with her ability to think more broadly than my specific request, yet get at the heart of my questions in a creative approach. I accepted her as a student immediately because those are the attributes in a graduate student I value most highly.
Drejer, Ina; Holm, Jacob Rubæk
Several studies have documented that highly educated citizens contribute to regional economic performance (Moretti, 2013; Faggian and McCann,2009b; Sterlacchini 2008). Moreover, Åstebro et al. (2012) emphasize the importance of promoting start-up by recent university graduates. Thus, the retention of university graduates is an important issue for regional policy makers. The present paper analyzes the migration patterns of university graduates from two very different regions in Denmark: the Greater Capital region around Copenhagen and the peripheral region of North Denmark. Studies of the migration of university graduates have been carried out in several countries. These studies are typically based on extensive surveys among recent graduates. The present analysis differs from such studies through its application of register data for all individuals and companies in Denmark, which allows us to identify the place of residence and employment of all university graduates over time. The analysis focuses on people who have graduated from a university in the Greater Capital region around Copenhagen or in the North Denmark peripheral region during the period 2000-2010. We study migration when enrolling in university as well as migration after graduation using the terminology of Faggian and McCann (2009a). Graduates migration is mainly studied in relation to first employment. The analysis also includes the migration of university graduates who become entrepreneurs. The different migration patterns are combined with measures of performance for wage-earners, expressed as level and growth rate of hourly wages, and for entrepreneurs, expressed as firm survival and growth in sales and employees.
Wrench, Jason S.; Punyanunt-Carter, Narissra M.
The current study is the fourth in a series on various components of advisor-advisee communication. In the latest study, the influence of a variety of communication variables on the graduate advisor-advisee interpersonal relationship is examined. Graduate students' perceptions of their graduate advisors' use of humor as it relates to other
Fahy, Patrick J.; Spencer, Bob; Halinski, Tara
The Centre for Distance Education, Athabasca University, commenced a survey of all graduates of its two programs, the master of distance education (MDE) degree, and the graduate diploma (GD) in technology, in late 2006. Alumni were asked how program completion had affected their careers, and their plans for the future. A total of 84 graduates
This paper reports on an investigation comparing the employment salary of bachelor degree in accounting graduates with associate degree in accounting graduates two years after their graduation. Using hierarchical regression analyses, this study shows the predictive strength of participants' academic qualifications, age, gender, GPA, professionalâ¦
Woodward, C A; McAuley, R. G.
Performance ratings were obtained by the clinical supervisors of four graduated classes of McMaster University medical students during internship. The supervisors detected no difference in performance between the graduates who met the "traditional" admissions criteria (both an undergraduate grade point average of 3.1 or greater on a 4-point scale and previous training in biology, general and organic chemistry, and physics) and those who lacked one or both of these prerequisites. These data su...
Frayn, Cassidy; Masson, Valerie; Erichsen, Shannon; White, Jonathan
Every year, hundreds of new surgeons graduate from residency programs across Canada. Much time and effort is spent on preparing these surgeons for independent practice, but there is little literature about the career trajectories of surgeons after they finish training and enter practice. We surveyed all surgeons graduating from the residency programs of a single Canadian medical school over 25 years (1985â2010). Most respondents rated their job satisfaction as high/very high and indicated the...
KENNEDY, EDIAGBONYA; JULIET, OYADONGHA DISEYE
This paper investigated the concept of employability of Business Education graduates. Human Capital Theory which was popularized by Schultz formed the theoretical framework from this study. The main purpose of this work was to ascertain the mean ratings of employability skills possessed by Business Education graduates. Four research questions were raised to guide the study and three hypotheses were formulated. The case study research design was adapted for this study. The systematic random sa...
Lopes, Margarida; Fernandes, Graca
Unemployment rates among Portuguese Higher Education (HE) graduates have been rising. This trend becomes quite obvious when we compare Portugal and other European Member States whose labor markets have been facing similar difficulties. In fact, Portuguese graduates are not only more prone to facing unemployment but they are also enduring long term unemployment as a result of the current unemployment crisis. Among the main reasons for this situation is the mismatch between the supply and d...
Eduardo N Faure
Full Text Available La incidencia del cáncer de tiroides ha aumentado significativamente en las últimas décadas en el resto del mundo. En Argentina no existe un registro nacional de cáncer por lo que la incidencia del mismo no puede establecerse. Por lo tanto, nuestro objetivo fue estimar la incidencia de cáncer de tiroides en la población de la Ciudad Autánoma de Buenos aires y Gran Buenos Aires así como la relación por género y la histología en el período de 2003 hasta 2011. Asumiendo que la población de afiliados a la Obra Social de la Policía Federal Argentina es representativa de los habitantes de Buenos Aires y el conurbano calculamos que la incidencia es de 6,51 casos/100.000 habitantes/año, con un incremento en 25 años mayor al doble, con predominio del carcinoma papilar frente al folicular.Thyroid cancer incidence has significantly risen worldwide in the last decades. In Argentina, there is no national cancer registry; therefore its incidence can not be established. The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of thyroid cancer in the population of Buenos Aires City and suburbs, and the relationship between gender and histology over the period 2003-2011. Assuming that the population affiliated to the Social Security of the Argentine Federal Police is representative of the inhabitants of Buenos Aires City and suburbs, we estimate an incidence of 6.51 cases/100,000 population/year, with an increasing incidence of almost double from 1981-1986 to 2003-2011. An increase in papillary thyroid cancer was mainly responsible for this rising trend. Incidence rates were higher for females (11.76/100,000 women compared to those for males (2.65/100,000 men. Among men and women of all ages, the highest rate of incidence was for tumor size < 1 cm.
Eduardo N, Faure; María Jimena, Soutelo; Gabriel, Faraj; Rubén J, Lutf; Guillermo J, Juvenal.
Full Text Available La incidencia del cáncer de tiroides ha aumentado significativamente en las últimas décadas en el resto del mundo. En Argentina no existe un registro nacional de cáncer por lo que la incidencia del mismo no puede establecerse. Por lo tanto, nuestro objetivo fue estimar la incidencia de cáncer de tir [...] oides en la población de la Ciudad Autánoma de Buenos aires y Gran Buenos Aires así como la relación por género y la histología en el período de 2003 hasta 2011. Asumiendo que la población de afiliados a la Obra Social de la Policía Federal Argentina es representativa de los habitantes de Buenos Aires y el conurbano calculamos que la incidencia es de 6,51 casos/100.000 habitantes/año, con un incremento en 25 años mayor al doble, con predominio del carcinoma papilar frente al folicular. Abstract in english Thyroid cancer incidence has significantly risen worldwide in the last decades. In Argentina, there is no national cancer registry; therefore its incidence can not be established. The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of thyroid cancer in the population of Buenos Aires City and s [...] uburbs, and the relationship between gender and histology over the period 2003-2011. Assuming that the population affiliated to the Social Security of the Argentine Federal Police is representative of the inhabitants of Buenos Aires City and suburbs, we estimate an incidence of 6.51 cases/100,000 population/year, with an increasing incidence of almost double from 1981-1986 to 2003-2011. An increase in papillary thyroid cancer was mainly responsible for this rising trend. Incidence rates were higher for females (11.76/100,000 women) compared to those for males (2.65/100,000 men). Among men and women of all ages, the highest rate of incidence was for tumor size
Earp, Vanessa J.
In recent decades the literature dealing with graduate students and library use, including bibliographic instruction, information-seeking behavior, and information literacy has grown. However, there still appears to be a lack of research and resources available on the information-seeking behavior skills of graduate education students, which can
Jackson, Denise; Chapman, Elaine
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the competencies required by industry in business graduates and the relative importance and current graduate proficiency levels in each skill area. A secondary purpose was to examine and compare the perceived role of contemporary business schools across different samples. The study was conducted duringâ¦
Morrison, Michael C.
The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of acceleration (dual enrollment) on college graduation. Over 9,200 student records from 1996 to 2006 at North Iowa Area Community College were analyzed in a logistics regression model. Holding all other independent variables constant the odds that an accelerated student graduates compared to a
Hollingsworth, Michael; Markham, Anthony
A survey was conducted in UK Universities to identify the employment of pharmacology graduates (BSc, MSc and PhD) 6 months after graduation in 2003. The aim was to provide data for the British Pharmacological Society (BPS) so they could offer advice to interested bodies and to University staff for careers information. 85% of 52 Universities
Cardon, Phillip L.; Rogers, George E.
A modified Delphi technique was used to identify the factors that positively influence technology education teachers' decision to enroll in graduate education programs and the barriers to their enrollment in advanced degree programs. Two pairs of Delphi panels were established. The doctoral panels consisted of 15 recent doctoral graduates and 30
Nnadozie, Emmanuel; Ishiyama, John; Chon, Jane
Surveys alumni and program directors to determine relationship between participation in internship and success in graduate school for students served by the Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement Program. Internship rigor was positively related to success in graduate school as measured by placement, secured funding, and completion. Three
Nelson, Janet S.; Range, Lillian M.; Ross, Melynda Burck
Many graduate students are poor writers because graduate school demands higher quality and more variety of writing skills than undergraduate school, most students write without revision under heavy time pressures, and instructors often lack the time to guide them toward good writing. Helping students improve could happen in different ways. A
Fish, Lynn A.
Part-time graduate students at an Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business-accredited college complete a unique project by applying operations management concepts to their current employer. More than 92% of 368 graduates indicated that this experiential project was a positive learning experience, and results show a positive impact on
Rosti, Luisa; Chelli, Francesco
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the gender impact of tertiary education on the probability of entering and remaining in self-employment. Design/methodology/approach: A data set on labour market flows produced by the Italian National Statistical Office is exploited by interviewing about 62,000 graduate and non-graduate
Shaver, Harold C.
A survey of the degree of job satisfaction felt by 404 news/editorial and advertising graduates indicates that journalism graduates develop satisfaction and dissatisfaction with jobs in a manner usually consistent with Frederick Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory of job satisfaction. (GW)
Cherry, Sabrina; Cabaniss, Deborah L; Forand, Nicholas; Roose, Steven P
To examine candidates' experience of graduation from psychoanalytic training, 1997-2001 graduates of the Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research were sent a confidential questionnaire about their first year after analytic training. Of this group, 72 percent (23/32) returned the survey. Questions focused on the impact of graduation on time availability, net income, professional advancement, and sense of personal and professional autonomy. Graduates from analytic training were found to have more income in their first postgraduate year, a mean increase of 30,000 dollars, and more available time, a mean increase of sixteen hours. Increased earnings came primarily from seeing more patients during the time made available with the end of classes. In addition, graduates did not terminate their control cases or stop supervision. Graduates most valued their sense of professional accomplishment and ability to spend more time with their families. Although graduates also experienced relief from evaluation pressure, they did not rank this high in importance. For candidates, graduation profoundly impacts the structure of professional and personal life, but does not mean an end to learning. PMID:15487149
Westchester Community Coll., Valhalla, NY. Office of Institutional Research.
In fall 1997, Westchester Community College (WCC) in New York conducted a survey of 970 students who graduated in summer or fall of 1996 or spring of 1997 to determine their educational and work-related outcomes. The study provides information about these graduates in three ways. First, it profiles their demographic, educational, and work-related
Smokvina, Gloria J.; Bratt, Ellen M.
Reasons for the job selections of 64 associate degree nursing graduates were examined in a pilot study at Purdue University. The basic research question was whether nursing graduates initially view "maintenance" or motivational factors as more important. Based on Herzberg's theory of motivation, information is provided on maintenance or hygiene
In this brief paper, the author asserts that our nation would be well served if our elected officials made improving graduate education a high priority. At first glance, graduate education seems like an unlikely candidate for the legislative front burner. Surely, Americans are beset by far more critical issues, such as the war on terrorism,
Rainsbury, Elizabeth; Hodges, Dave; Burchell, Noel; Lay, Mark
New Zealand business students and graduates made similar rankings of the five most important workplace competencies: computer literacy, customer service orientation, teamwork and cooperation, self-confidence, and willingness to learn. Graduates placed greater importance on most of the 24 competencies, resulting in a statistically significant
The aim of this article is to exemplify the value of using a phenomenological approach when investigating graduates' lived experiences of vocational learning. For this study, qualitative data was obtained during a series of email interviews with 35 participants. As a group they are highly aspirational and, during their graduate studies, were
Flowers, Jim; Hunt, Brian
A proposal is made suggesting the inclusion of historiography (i.e., historical research and the writing of history) into graduate technology teacher education. In particular, a strategy is forwarded to have graduate students in technology teacher education, who are working at schools in different locations, conduct historical research and write
This paper analyses polytechnic graduate placement in Finnish manufacturing. The paper uses a register-based data source covering white-collar manufacturing workers over the period 1995-2004. Taken together, the results show that wages and job classification are higher for polytechnic graduates, once other covariates are controlled for. Despite
Makkinje, Jan A.
We use self-reported data from 2011--2014 and determine the academic profile of accepted students at physics graduate programs in the United States. We analyze the accepted students' grade point averages and physics Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores. We also compare the physics GRE scores of accepted students to their grade point averages.
Dewberry, David R.
After the turbulent labor history of America in the early to mid twentieth century, there has been a general decline of unions. Nevertheless, many graduate school teaching assistants are unionizing in attempts to gain better pay and benefits and remove themselves from an "Ivory Sweatshop." This article discusses a history of unions within graduate
Jianhua Tan; Zhichong Sheng
Based on analyzing the regional character of higher vocational graduates employment, this paper analyzes the reasons for this employment trend, advances relevant countermeasures for employment of higher vocational graduates, and explores the direction for higher vocational graduates employment.
Theisen, Janelle L; Sandau, Kristin E
Because of the ongoing nursing shortage and the increasing acuity of patients, new graduate nurses must master both psychomotor and critical thinking skills rapidly. Inadequate orientation leads to high turnover rates for new graduates. Health care leaders must examine the competencies needed for new graduate nurses to succeed in this environment. A critical review of studies (n = 26) was conducted to identify crucial competencies that are needed for new graduate nurses to be successful. Six areas were identified in which new graduates lacked competence: communication, leadership, organization, critical thinking, specific situations, and stress management. Strategies were identified to improve the transition of new graduates. Hospitals should consider implementing nurse residency programs that include strategies for clear communication and conflict management, prioritization skills, and leadership development. Schools of nursing should add communication strategies to their current focus on critical thinking, clinical reasoning, and simulation scenarios and include situation-specific skills such as end-of-life scenarios. Further research should focus on stress management, leadership, clinical reasoning, and evaluation of measurement tools for new graduates. PMID:23799789
Lau, Agnes; Dodson, Thomas B; Sonis, Stephen T; Kaban, Leonard B
Assessing program quality and outcomes is essential to improve postgraduate dental education. This study's aims were to document career direction and practice patterns of graduates of the Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) General Practice Residency (GPR), to compare BWH GPR outcomes to those of other American GPRs, and to identify characteristics of the BWH GPR program that trainees valued. This was a retrospective cohort study with a sample comprised of BWH GPR graduates between 1973 and 2013. Outcomes examined included pursuit of specialty training and positions on academic or hospital staff. Data sources were a survey of BWH GPR graduates and published national surveys. Of the 190 BWH graduates (95% of total) who were located and contacted, 133 (70% response rate) completed the survey. Compared to national survey data, BWH GPR graduates were significantly more likely to be specialists, full-time hospital staff, or full-time or part-time dental school faculty. Most BWH graduates (96.2%) ranked the program as outstanding or good. Faculty characteristics were considered by BWH graduates to be the most important factors in judging program quality. Since faculty characteristics were the most important factors in residents' judgment of program quality, GPR programs should recruit, maintain, and develop a quality faculty in order to attract students. PMID:26246526
Chappell, Kathy B; Richards, Kathy C
This systematic review evaluated the relationship between new graduate nurses and clinical leadership skill, and between new graduate nurse transition programs and clinical leadership skill. New graduate nurse transition programs have been cited as one strategy to improve clinical leadership skill, but to our knowledge, no one has synthesized the evidence on new graduate nurse transition programs and clinical leadership skill. Results of this review showed that new graduate nurse transition programs that were at least 24 weeks in length had a positive impact on clinical leadership skill. New graduate nurse transition programs using the University HealthSystem Consortium/American Association of Colleges of Nursing Nurse Residency curriculum had the greatest impact, followed by curriculum developed by the Versant New Graduate RN Residency, an important finding for nursing professional development specialists. PMID:25993451
In recent years those concerned with educational outcomes have begun to embrace a paradigm shift towards quantifiable rather than qualitative approaches as learning outcomes are continually measured for effectiveness. The cumulative results of this approach with regards to Pennsylvania's Migrant Education Program (MEP) laid the foundation for this
Roggow, Michael J.
This chapter explores a grant-sponsored program and examines the role of departmental and institutional collaborations in advancing student performance outcomes. It provides a theoretical framework and a description of best practices for ensuring the success of first-generation urban community college students.
Chi-Tsai Daniel Yeh
Full Text Available The number of graduates with bachelor degrees has increased rapidly from 117,430 in 2000 to 232,448 in 2011. It is evident that the recruitment market may be out of balance due the lack of a positive correlation with the employment rate. Based on a survey of the National Youth Commission (NYC in 2010, 47.5% of youth employees received their jobs through media advertisement and 35.26% through the introduction of relatives, friends, etc. The rates via introductions are less than those via advertisement, since the former provides lower risk and higher reliability for the employers. This paper proposes a job recommendation system that aims to assist academia in promoting graduates to appropriate employers. With usability in mind, the system provides a ubiquitous framework with web service technologies and can be applied easily to web and mobile applications. A job recommendation prototype was implemented on the Android and iPhone mobile platforms. Through these systems, users could efficiently seek out and discover appropriate graduates and then recommend them to employers.
D. F. Escoto et al
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Biochemistry is an interdisciplinary area that allows us to study chemical phenomena in live organisms. That way, its study is of extreme importance, in all levels, to enlarge the comprehension of natural phenomena. However, it is barely explored in the basic education and often fragmented in the higher education, or in graduation degrees that contemplate this area. Especially in the teacher training, where the fragmentation of knowledge can contribute to form wrong concepts. Based on that, this work aims to identify the concept of Biochemistry according to the future teachers of Natural Science. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The work was developed with 3Âº, 5Âº and 9Âº semesters students of the natural science degree on Universidade Federal do Pampa. 50 students, from 18 to 56 years old, were interviewed. The data was obtained through a semi-structured questionnaire. The methodology of categorization and analysis of content with emergent categories of speech was chosen for the analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Initially, 11 categories were chosen by content similarity. In descending order: chemical reactions in organisms, chemistry area, chemistry of life, cell metabolism, the study of living beings, origin of life, biology area, organic balance, chemical-biological study. The reports made possible to identify that most students do understand with clarity the goal of studying biochemistry. Although, we can see that there are some students that fragment the area, what means, they try to discriminate chemistry from biology. This way, they demonstrate a difficulty to comprehend biochemistry as interdisciplinary, what makes it hard to contextualize the built knowledge. It is important to develop strategies to overcome the fragmentation of knowledge, so that biochemistry can be comprehended in its fullness and help on the teaching processes that will be developed by the future teachers.
Full Text Available Good critical thinkers possess a core set of cognitive thinking skills, and a disposition towards critical thinking. They are able to think critically to solve complex, real-world problems effectively. Although personal emotion is important in critical thinking, it is often a neglected issue. The emotional intelligence in this study concerns our sensitivity to and artful handling of our own and others emotions. Engaging students emotionally is the key to strengthening their dispositions toward critical thinking. Hence, a study involving 338 male and female graduate students from a public university was carried out. They rated the Emotional Intelligence Scale and Critical Thinking Disposition Scale. Findings suggested that emotional intelligence and critical thinking disposition were positively correlated (r=.609. Differences in terms of age, gender, and course of study also formed part of the analysis.Keywords: emotional intelligence, critical thinking disposition, graduate students
This paper reports that, so far, Congress has provided about $1.3 billion toward construction of the Superconducting Super Collider and is now considering the President's request for another $650 million for fiscal year 1993. GAO testified that several factors could delay the project, increase its cost to the U.S. government, or reduce potential benefits. GAO believes that, as the investment increases and construction advances, it is more likely that project funding will continue even if costs increase and other countries do not help pay for it. Accordingly, correcting the problems cited by GAO and obtaining firm funding commitments from other nations are necessary to protect the U.S. investment in the project. Continuation of federal funding could also be made contingent on the Department of Energy putting in place an integrated cost and schedule system, assessing the impact on the domestic economy of using foreign subcontractors, and obtaining firm commitments for contributions for other nations by a certain date
Pionke, Katharine; Huckstadt, Alicia
While the authors were doing a test period of databases, the question of whether or not databases affect outcomes of graduate nursing comprehensive examinations came up. This study explored that question through using citation analysis of exams that were taken during a database trial and exams that were not. The findings showed no difference in examination pass/fail rates. While the pass/fail rates did not change, a great deal was learned in terms of citation accuracy and types of materials that students used, leading to discussions about changing how citation and plagiarism awareness were taught. PMID:26512218
Alexander, C. J.; Hawthorne, C.; Allen, W. R.; Alvarez, R.; Geisler, J.
Recent data collected by the American Geological Institute (AGI) indicates that the rate of enrollment of ethnic minorities in the geosciences has steadily declined since the 1980's, and in that time the number of geoscience degrees awarded to ethnic minorities has been fairly steady at less than 1%. Data from the National Science Foundation suggests that only 43 of 186 Universities offering an ESS program have ever graduated an ethnic minority in the history of their program. Factors contributing to these abysmal figures differ for different ethnic-minority groups. We will address institutional obstacles to graduate learning which result in above-normal attrition of ethnic-minorities in ESS graduate programs. The recent studies show an attrition rate of 70% among African American males in ESS graduate programs, while among Hispanic females the attrition rate is only 3%. Studies by sociologists have recently shown that some law schools and medical schools have traits in common with these geoscience departments in the rates at which degrees are awarded to ethnic minorities. Institutional barriers encountered by ethnic minorities in graduate schools may take many forms, but can also be as simple as a lack of community support. In the 1990's the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) made a commitment to the retention of women in their graduate and undergraduate schools. Their program included mentoring, focussed tutoring, self-esteem support groups, and other retention efforts. Under this program, the attrition rate of women has dramatically slowed. In this paper, we will discuss the AGI data, the program instituted by Caltech, possible causes of attrition among populations of Hispanic, and African American males and females, as well as potential programs to address these problems. We will also present, from the nationwide study, data on geoscience departments which have been relatively successful at retaining and graduating ethnic minorities in Earth and Space Sciences. The AGI Report on the Status of [U.S.] Academic Geoscience Departments is available online at the URL listed below.
Hudson Neil PH
Full Text Available Abstract Background The transition from veterinary student to member of the veterinary profession is known to be challenging. This study aimed to determine and compare the opinions of final year veterinary students and recent graduates on graduate attributes that ease this transition. Methods The study was carried out across 3 veterinary schools in the United Kingdom. Paper based or electronic surveys were used. Final year students in the 3 schools were surveyed either electronically (school A or on paper (schools B and C. Student cohort sizes were 112, 227 and 102 respectively. Recent graduates were contacted either at a reunion event (school A or electronically from database records (school B and school C. Cohort sizes of contacted graduates were 80, 175 and 91 respectively. Respondents were asked to rate 42 individual attributes on a 5 point Likert scale. Focus groups with final year students and recent graduates and telephone interviews with recent graduates were carried out. Data were analysed by two researchers through a combination of manual coding and thematic analysis. Data were grouped into broad themes then sorted into narrower themes. Data were then searched for counter examples. Results Response rates for final year students were 34% (school A, 36% (school B and 40% (school C. Response rates for recent graduates were 56% (school A, 20% (school B and 11% (school C. There was a high level of agreement between the cohorts with respect to communication skills, problem solving and decision making skills, recognition of own limitations and the ability to cope with pressure all rated unanimously important or very important. Business acumen, knowledge of veterinary practice management and research skills were the 3 attributes ranked at the bottom of the list. Nine attributes were identified with a significantly different (p Conclusions Recent graduates and final year students rate highly the attributes which help foster the client/veterinarian relationship. Recent graduates reflect that a focus on knowledge based attributes is less important once in practice when compared to final year. The study confirms the importance to recent graduates and final year students of attributes considered as non-technical in the transition to working in the veterinary profession.
Butler, Daniel G
Mailed questionnaires administered to employers of graduates and to graduates of the Ontario Veterinary College in 2000 and 2001, 7 to 10 months after convocation, surveyed new graduate performance in the workplace. Proficiency at 9 species-specific (in 4 practice contexts) and 7 nonspecies-specific clinical activities were rated as "high," "some," or "low." Fifteen nonvocation-specific attributes, reflecting interpersonal, communication, and business skills, and the new graduate's competence to do his/her job were rated as "very good," "good," or "poor." Ninety or more percent of employers reported "high" to "some" proficiency in 8/9, 5/9, 3/9, and 1/9 activities relative to small animal, food animal, equine, and exotic animal practice, respectively, and in 5/7 nonspecies-specific clinical activities. Ninety or more percent of employers assessed workplace proficiency as "very good" to "good" in 13/15 nonvocation-specific work skills and overall competence to do the job for which the new graduate had been hired. PMID:12757129
Objectives To assess whether international medical graduates passing the two examinations set by the Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB1 and PLAB2) of the General Medical Council (GMC) are equivalent to UK graduates at the end of the first foundation year of medical training (F1), as the GMC requires, and if not, to assess what changes in the PLAB pass marks might produce equivalence. Design Data linkage of GMC PLAB performance data with data from the Royal Colleges of Physicians and the Royal College of General Practitioners on performance of PLAB graduates and UK graduates at the MRCP(UK) and MRCGP examinations. Setting Doctors in training for internal medicine or general practice in the United Kingdom. Participants 7829, 5135, and 4387 PLAB graduates on their first attempt at MRCP(UK) Part 1, Part 2, and PACES assessments from 2001 to 2012 compared with 18?532, 14?094, and 14?376 UK graduates taking the same assessments; 3160 PLAB1 graduates making their first attempt at the MRCGP AKT during 2007-12 compared with 14?235 UK graduates; and 1411 PLAB2 graduates making their first attempt at the MRCGP CSA during 2010-12 compared with 6935 UK graduates. Main outcome measures Performance at MRCP(UK) Part 1, Part 2, and PACES assessments, and MRCGP AKT and CSA assessments in relation to performance on PLAB1 and PLAB2 assessments, as well as to International English Language Testing System (IELTS) scores. MRCP(UK), MRCGP, and PLAB results were analysed as marks relative to the pass mark at the first attempt. Results PLAB1 marks were a valid predictor of MRCP(UK) Part 1, MRCP(UK) Part 2, and MRCGP AKT (r=0.521, 0.390, and 0.490; all PIELTS scores correlated significantly with later performance, multiple regression showing that the effect of PLAB1 (?=0.496) was much stronger than the effect of IELTS (?=0.086). Changes to PLAB pass marks that would result in international medical graduate and UK medical graduate equivalence were assessed in two ways. Method 1 adjusted PLAB pass marks to equate median performance of PLAB and UK graduates. Method 2 divided PLAB graduates into 12 equally spaced groups according to PLAB performance, and compared these with mean performance of graduates from individual UK medical schools, assessing which PLAB groups were equivalent in MRCP(UK) and MRCGP performance to UK graduates. The two methods produced similar results. To produce equivalent performance on the MRCP and MRGP examinations, the pass mark for PLAB1 would require raising by about 27 marks (13%) and for PLAB2 by about 15-16 marks (20%) above the present standard. Conclusions PLAB is a valid assessment of medical knowledge and clinical skills, correlating well with performance at MRCP(UK) and MRCGP. PLAB graduates knowledge and skills at MRCP(UK) and MRCGP are over one standard deviation below those of UK graduates, although differences in training quality cannot be taken into account. Equivalent performance in MRCGP(UK) and MRCGP would occur if the pass marks of PLAB1 and PLAB2 were raised considerably, but that would also reduce the pass rate, with implications for medical workforce planning. Increasing IELTS requirements would have less impact on equivalence than raising PLAB pass marks. PMID:24742473
Full Text Available Abstract Background Graduate entry medicine is a recent innovation in UK medical training. Evidence is sparse at present as to progress and attainment on these programmes. Shared clinical rotations, between an established 5-year and a new graduate entry course, provide the opportunity to compare achievement on clinical assessments. To compare completion and attainment on clinical phase assessments between students on a 4-year graduate entry course and an established 5-year undergraduate medicine course. Methods Overall completion rates for the 4 and 5 year courses, fails at first attempt, and scores on 14 clinical assessments, were compared between 171 graduate-entry and 450 undergraduate medical students at the University of Nottingham, comprising two graduating cohorts. Percentage assessment marks were converted to z-scores separately for each graduating year and the normalised marks then combined into a single dataset. Z-score transformed percentage marks were analysed by multivariate analysis of variance and univariate analyses of variance for each summative assessment. Numbers of fails at first attempt were analysed aggregated across all assessments initially, then separately for each assessment using ?2. Results Completion rates were around 90% overall and significantly higher in the graduate entry course. Failures of assessments overall were similar, but a higher proportion of graduate entry students failed the final OSLER. Mean performance on clinical assessments showed a significant overall difference, made up of lower performance on 4 of 5 knowledge-based exams (as well as higher performance on the first exam by the graduate entry group, but similar levels of performance on all the skills-based and attitudinal assessments. Conclusions High completion rates are encouraging. The lower performance in some knowledge-based exams may reflect lower prior educational attainment, a substantially different demographic profile (age, gender, or an artefact of the first 2 years of a new graduate entry programme.
Shen, Angela K; Farrell, Marguerite M; Vandenbroucke, Mary F; Fox, Elizabeth; Pablos-Mendez, Ariel
As low income countries experience economic transition, characterized by rapid economic growth and increased government spending potential in health, they have increased fiscal space to support and sustain more of their own health programmes, decreasing need for donor development assistance. Phase out of external funds should be systematic and efforts towards this end should concentrate on government commitments towards country ownership and self-sustainability. The 2006 US Agency for International Development (USAID) family planning (FP) graduation strategy is one such example of a systematic phase-out approach. Triggers for graduation were based on pre-determined criteria and programme indicators. In 2011 the GAVI Alliance (formerly the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations) which primarily supports financing of new vaccines, established a graduation policy process. Countries whose gross national income per capita exceeds $1570 incrementally increase their co-financing of new vaccines over a 5-year period until they are no longer eligible to apply for new GAVI funding, although previously awarded support will continue. This article compares and contrasts the USAID and GAVI processes to apply lessons learned from the USAID FP graduation experience to the GAVI process. The findings of the review are 3-fold: (1) FP graduation plans served an important purpose by focusing on strategic needs across six graduation plan foci, facilitating graduation with pre-determined financial and technical benchmarks, (2) USAID sought to assure contraceptive security prior to graduation, phasing out of contraceptive donations first before phasing out from technical assistance in other programme areas and (3) USAID sought to sustain political support to assure financing of products and programmes continue after graduation. Improving sustainability more broadly beyond vaccine financing provides a more comprehensive approach to graduation. The USAID FP experience provides a window into understanding one approach to graduation from donor assistance. The process itself-involving transparent country-level partners well in advance of graduation-appears a valuable lesson towards success. PMID:24974106
HEISS, ANN M.; AND OTHERS
THIS ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY CONTAINS REFERENCES TO GENERAL GRADUATE EDUCATION AND TO EDUCATION FOR THE FOLLOWING PROFESSIONAL FIELDS--ARCHITECTURE, BUSINESS, CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, DENTISTRY, ENGINEERING, LAW, LIBRARY SCIENCE, MEDICINE, NURSING, SOCIAL WORK, TEACHING, AND THEOLOGY. (HW)
Voldbjerg, Siri Lygum; Grønkjaer, Mette; Sørensen, Erik Elgaard; Hall, Elisabeth O C
AIM: To advance evidence on newly graduated nurses' use of knowledge sources. BACKGROUND: Clinical decisions need to be evidence-based and understanding the knowledge sources that newly graduated nurses use will inform both education and practice. Qualitative studies on newly graduated nurses' use...... of knowledge sources are increasing though generated from scattered healthcare contexts. Therefore, a metasynthesis of qualitative research on what knowledge sources new graduates use in decision-making was conducted. DESIGN: Meta-ethnography. DATA SOURCES: Nineteen reports, representing 17 studies...... sources during their first 2-year postgraduation were interpreted in the main theme 'self and others as knowledge sources,' with two subthemes 'doing and following' and 'knowing and doing,' each with several elucidating categories. The metasynthesis revealed a line of argument among the report findings...
Chelli, Francesco; Rosti, Luisa
Purpose: To investigate the gender impact of tertiary education on the probability of entering and remaining in self employment. Design/methodology/approach: We exploit a data set on labour market flows produced by the Italian National Statistical Office by interviewing about 62,000 graduate and non graduate individuals in transition between five labour market states: Dependent workers; Self-Employed workers; Unemployed persons; Non active persons. From these data we constructed an average te...
Full Text Available Abstract Background At Nottingham University more than 95% of entrants to the traditional 5-year medical course are school leavers. Since 2003 we have admitted graduate entrants (GEM to a shortened (4-year course to 'widen access to students from more disadvantaged backgrounds'. We have recently shown that the GEM course widens academic and socio-demographic diversity of the medical student population. This study explored whether GEM students also bring psychological diversity and whether this could be beneficial. Methods We studied: a 217 and 96 applicants to the Nottingham 5- and 4-year courses respectively, applying in the 2002-3 UCAS cycle, and, b 246 school leavers starting the 5-year course and 39 graduate entrants to the 4-year course in October 2003. The psychological profiles of the two groups of applicants and two groups of entrants were compared using their performance in the Goldberg 'Big 5' Personality test, the Personal Qualities Assessment (PQA; measuring interpersonal traits and interpersonal values, and the Lovibond and Lovibond measure of depression, anxiety and stress. For the comparison of the Entrants we excluded the 33 school leavers and seven graduates who took the tests as Applicants. Statistical analyses were undertaken using SPSS software (version 16.0. Results Graduate applicants compared to school leaver applicants were significantly more conscientious, more confident, more self controlled, more communitarian in moral orientation and less anxious. Only one of these differences was preserved in the entrants with graduates being less anxious. However, the graduate entrants were significantly less empathetic and conscientious than the school leavers. Conclusion This study has shown that school leaver and graduate entrants to medical school differ in some psychological characteristics. However, if confirmed in other studies and if they were manifest in the extreme, not all the traits brought by graduates would be desirable for someone aiming for a medical career.
Full Text Available Purpose:the purpose of the study was to assess and compare Stress between under Graduate and Post Graduate Students of different Professional Courses. Materials and Methods: Thirty two male students of different professional courses (4 from each profession were selected from D.A.V.V Indore M.P. Age of the subjects were being ranging from 19 to 28 years. Stress Assessment as traits of Life style was considered as dependent variable. Stress was measured by Life-Style Assessment Inventory developed by Anspangh David S. Michal, H.Hamrich and Fran D. Rosato. To assess and compare Life Style related variable (Stress between undergraduate and post graduate students, Descriptive statistics and Independent T- test was used. Results: Mean and Standard deviation for under graduate and post graduate students was found 67.93±9.22, 62.62±12.08 respectively in relation to stress at .05 level and t value of stress was 2.398 which was found greater than the r e q u ir e d v a l u e 2 . 0 4 2 a t 3 0 d f .Conclusions:1significant difference was found between the means of under graduate and post graduate students in relation to stress.2 Under graduate students were having greater mean of Stress in comparison to post graduate students.
Friday, Laura; Zoller, James S; Hollerbach, Ann D; Jones, Katherine; Knofczynski, Greg
Organizations are looking to new graduate nurses to fill expected staffing shortages over the next decade. Creative and effective onboarding programs will determine the success or failure of these graduates as they transition from student to professional nurse. This longitudinal quantitative study with repeated measures used the Casey-Fink Graduate Nurse Experience Survey to investigate the effects of offering a prelicensure extern program and postlicensure residency program on new graduate nurses and organizational outcomes versus a residency program alone. Compared with the nurse residency program alone, the combination of extern program and nurse residency program improved neither the transition factors most important to new nurse graduates during their first year of practice nor a measure important to organizations, retention rates. The additional cost of providing an extern program should be closely evaluated when making financially responsible decisions. PMID:25993454
...post- graduate school; offer clear paths...Further, exposing students and recent graduates...opportunities for students and recent graduates...Programs and of the satisfaction of Pathways Programs...agencies, so that students and recent graduates...students in high schools, community...
Snieder, Roel; Larner, Ken; Boyd, Tom
Graduate students traditionally learn the trade of research by working under the supervision of an advisor, much as in the medieval practice of apprenticeship. In practice, however, this model generally falls short in teaching students the broad professional skills needed to be a well-rounded researcher. While a large majority of graduate students considers professional training to be of great relevance, most graduate programs focus exclusively on disciplinary training as opposed to skills such as written and oral communication, conflict resolution, leadership, performing literature searches, teamwork, ethics, and client-interaction. Over the past decade, we have developed and taught the graduate course "The Art of Science", which addresses such topics; we summarize the topics covered in the course here. In order to coordinate development of professional training, the Center for Professional Education has been founded at the Colorado School of Mines. After giving an overview of the Center's program, we sketch the challenges and opportunities in offering professional education to graduate students. Offering professional education helps create better-prepared graduates. We owe it to our students to provide them with such preparation.
Clark, Lauren; Calvillo, Evelyn; Dela Cruz, Felicitas; Fongwa, Marie; Kools, Susan; Lowe, John; Mastel-Smith, Beth
Nursing is challenged to meet the health needs of ethnic and socioculturally diverse populations. To this end, American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) charged an expert nursing faculty advisory group to formulate competencies for graduate nursing education, expanding them to integrate leadership and scholarship. The Cultural Competency in Baccalaureate Nursing Education served as the springboard for the initiative. In formulating the graduate cultural competencies and the toolkit, the advisory group reviewed all AACN Essentials documents and the cultural competency literature, drew upon their collective experiences with cultural diversity, and used cultural humility as the supporting framework. Six core competencies were formulated and endorsed by the AACN board of directors and key professional nursing organizations. A companion toolkit was compiled to provide resources for the implementation of the competencies. A 1-day conference was held in California to launch the cultural competencies and toolkit. Dissemination to graduate nursing programs is in process, with emphasis on faculty readiness to undertake this graduate educational transformation. The AACN Cultural Competencies for Graduate Nursing Education set national standards to prepare culturally competent nurses at the graduate level who will contribute to the elimination of health disparities through education, clinical practice, research, scholarship, and policy. PMID:21596352
US Department of Education, 2011
Every student, who meets some basic eligibility requirements, can get some type of financial aid regardless of age or family income. Federal student aid is a financial aid from the federal government to help a student pay for education expenses at an eligible college, technical school, vocational school, or graduate school. There are three
The profile of Dentistry students at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul and expectations regarding the profession, 2010-2011 / O perfil do formando em Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul e expectativas quanto à profissão, 2010-2011
Fernando Stumpf, BÖCKMANN; Bruna Barnard, MOTTA; Jerônymo Maciel, CAMARGO; Paulo Cauhy, PETRY; Ramona Fernanda Ceriotti, TOASSI.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar o perfil sociodemográfico dos formandos em Odontologia na Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2010-2011, os motivos que os levaram a optar pela Odontologia, satisfação com o curso, bem como perspectivas de [...] trabalho e de pós-graduação. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal observacional com formandos em Odontologia, turmas 2010-2/ 2011-1 (n=76, taxa de resposta 90,5%). Coleta de dados aconteceu pela aplicação de questionário pré-testado, estruturado e anônimo. Resultados foram agrupados em tabelas e gráficos por meio da distribuição de frequência das variáveis investigadas (análise descritiva), com auxílio do programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) para Windows versão 17.0. Estudo aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (18249). RESULTADOS: Os formandos em Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, turmas 2010-2/2011-1, eram, em sua maioria, mulheres, jovens, solteiros, sem filhos, naturais do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, com renda familiar mensal de 10 a 20 salários mínimos e sem a presença de dentistas na família. Mais de 90% desses estudantes estavam satisfeitos com a opção pela Odontologia. Optaram pelo curso especialmente pela realização pessoal e profissional, seguida pela segurança e tranquilidade no futuro, posição social e conforto financeiro. A maior parte dos estudantes avaliou o curso como bom ou ótimo. Pretendem, em sua maioria, trabalhar tanto no serviço público quanto no privado e fazer pós-graduação, principalmente especialização. CONCLUSÃO: Resultados identificaram o perfil do formando em Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, turmas 2010-2/2011-1. Recomenda-se o acompanhamento permanente dos formandos como importante instrumento de monitoramento tanto dos estudantes quanto do desenvolvimento do currículo integrado vigente. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: We analyze the socio-demographic profile of the dentistry graduates at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2010-2011, the reasons which led them to choose Dentistry, appreciation for the course, as well as job [...] prospects and Graduate studies. METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational study Dentistry graduates, classes of 2010-2/ 2011-1 (n=76, 90.5% response rate). Data collection took place through the giving of a structured and anonymous pre-tested questionnaire. Results were grouped in tables and graphs by means of the distribution of the frequency of variables studied (descriptive analysis), with the assistance of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows 17.0. This Study was approved by the Committee on Ethics in Research of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (18249). RESULTS: The classes of 2010-2/ 2011-1 Dentistry Graduates of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, were, in their majority, women, young, single, childless, natives of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, with a monthly salary income of 10 to 20 minimum salaries and without the presence of dentists in the family. More than 90% of these students were satisfied with the choice of Dentistry. They opted for the course especially due to personal as well as professional success, followed by security and peace of mind and financial comfort. The great part of the students evaluated the course as good or excellent. They intend, as a majority, to work in the public service as well as private practice and graduate work, particularly, specialization. CONCLUSION: Results identified the profile of the classes of 2010-2/ 2011-1 Dentistry graduate of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, classes of 2010-2/2011-1. It has been recommended that there be a permanent follow up of the graduates as an important instrument for monitoring the students as well as the development of the current integrated curriculum.
Hopkins, Julie L; Bromley, Gail E
The purpose of this project was to determine whether a nurse residency program was effective in improving satisfaction with new graduates' performance competence in interprofessional collaboration. This was a cross-sectional survey design, comparing the satisfaction ratings of nurse leaders and staff nurses at a mid-western academic medical center to national benchmark data obtained from the 2007 Nursing Practice Readiness Tool. The sample consisted of 149 nurses who worked in inpatient units where new graduates practice. Thirty-five had 1 year or less of experience in nursing and 114 had at least 2 years of experience. Managers, experienced nurses, and new graduate nurses varied in their satisfaction ratings regarding interprofessional collaboration. Satisfaction of new graduates' competencies by nurse managers and staff nurses were rated higher in each category, compared with the national study, with 63% of nurse leaders satisfied with new graduates' ability to communicate with the interprofessional team, compared with the national average of 38%. Participants reported 56% satisfaction in the ability to work as a team, compared with 37% reported in the national study. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(3):140-148. PMID:26934078
Cutler, David M; Huang, Wei; Lleras-Muney, Adriana
Using Eurobarometer data, we document large variation across European countries in education gradients in income, self-reported health, life satisfaction, obesity, smoking and drinking. While this variation has been documented previously, the reasons why the effect of education on income, health and health behaviors varies is not well understood. We build on previous literature documenting that cohorts graduating in bad times have lower wages and poorer health for many years after graduation, compared to those graduating in good times. We investigate whether more educated individuals suffer smaller income and health losses as a result of poor labor market conditions upon labor market entry. We confirm that a higher unemployment rate at graduation is associated with lower income, lower life satisfaction, greater obesity, more smoking and drinking later in life. Further, education plays a protective role for these outcomes, especially when unemployment rates are high: the losses associated with poor labor market outcomes are substantially lower for more educated individuals. Variation in unemployment rates upon graduation can potentially explain a large fraction of the variance in gradients across different countries. PMID:25113567
Purpose: In light of concerns about the job market, the American College of Radiology (ACR) studied the employment situation of 1997 radiation oncology graduates, and the status and plans of radiation oncology training programs. Methods and Materials: In April-May 1997, and in a December follow-up, the ACR surveyed all radiation oncology residency directors about the employment situation of their 1997 residency and fellowship graduates and about their programs. Ninety-four percent of those surveyed responded. We compared findings with surveys from 1995 and 1996. Differences were assessed with p ? 0.05 as the test of statistical significance. Results: By six months after graduation, 98% of residency graduates and all fellowship graduates were employed. Program directors reported approximately 95% of graduates had positions that reasonably matched their training and personal employment goals. Programs have reduced beginning residency slots by 22% over the past three years, and further reductions are planned. Many observers were disappointed with fill rates in the 1997 National Match, but by the December follow-up, 96% of beginning-year residency slots were filled. Conclusion: Unemployment continues to be low, and one 'softer' indicator, the job market perceptions of residency program directors, showed improvement
Edirippulige, Sisira; Armfield, Nigel R; Smith, Anthony C
We studied the careers and professional practices of graduates from an e-health postgraduate programme at the University of Queensland (UQ). The information was collected using an online questionnaire distributed to those who graduated from 2005 to 2010. A total of 35 surveys were completed, a response rate of 89%. The majority of respondents (n = 20, 57%) were male, and most of them (n = 27, 77%) were aged 30-49 years. Most of the respondents (n = 19, 54%) had graduated from the Graduate Certificate in E-healthcare programme; 12 had graduated from the Master of E-healthcare and 4 had graduated from the Graduate Diploma programme. The majority of respondents (n = 29, 83%) perceived that e-health study at UQ helped in their career development. The current occupation of the majority of respondents (n = 24, 69%) was related to health or medicine, and most (n = 27, 77%) had worked in an e-health related job since graduating. Overall, the level of satisfaction regarding the learning experience doing e-health study at UQ was high. PMID:23209263
Purpose: The standards of performance of healthcare professionals are now well defined and used to determine health professional curricula. Empirical research evidence exists in medicine and nursing which explores how well these curricula prepare their students for clinical practice but not in the radiography profession. This research aims to determine how well prepared newly qualified radiographers were for clinical practice and to identify strengths and weaknesses in their preparedness to inform curriculum development. Methods: A postal questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to obtain data from newly qualified diagnostic radiographers and their work-based supervisors. The questionnaire assessed graduate preparedness against a number of items drawn from published documents which define UK radiographic practice. Statistical analysis, using ANOVA and Wilcoxon, examined differences between the groups' perception of preparedness. A sample of graduates and their work supervisors were interviewed to explore preparedness. Results: There were significant differences (p â¤ 0.05) between; the preparedness scores of the graduates and supervisors, with supervisors rating the graduates higher than the graduates themselves; subscales of teamwork (p â¤ 0.05), personal attributes (p â¤ 0.05) and digital skills (p â¤ 0.01). No significant differences were found between graduates employed in their training hospital and those employed elsewhere. Interview data revealed perceived areas of graduate strength, weaknesses and areas for curriculum development. Suggestions for improvement to the methodology were identified for exploring preparedness in other health professional programmes. Conclusion: The graduates were well prepared for their role as a diagnostic radiographer. Some curriculum development is needed in specific areas and advice on methodological improvement is offered
Arubayi, D. O.
The purpose of this study was to compare students' enrolment and graduate output in Home Economics with other Vocational subjects in the Colleges of Education in Nigeria. The target population included twenty (20) Federal Colleges and twenty-seven (27) State Colleges of Education offering eight Vocational and Technical disciplines during the
Full Text Available The author proposes the approach to the planning of graduates' information training in educational institutions in the frame of informational and communicational technologies. The author views the method of formation and classification of competencies, based on the Federal State Educational Standart "Professional Training". The author gives the algorithm for scheduling the information training process for students with various levels of basic education.
Fundamental scientific research, as a majority federally funded initiative, is becoming more deeply embedded in politics. Since the end of the Space Race, funding of basic physical sciences research as a percent GDP has continuously declined, indicating that policy makers see funding scientific research as less of a priority than they once did. A lack of understanding about both science and how science is done amongst members of Congress has led to both reduced prioritization and also to misguided attempts at regulation, such as making peer review a public process and considering Congressional oversight for specific grants. Here we will examine a few current issues in science policy, the effect on graduate students, and why the student voice is effective. We will also consider the positive or negative effects such public engagement may have on our scientific careers and ways in which you can get involved.
Mabrouk, Patricia Ann
This paper describes a course for first-year graduate students that teaches the fundamental so-called "soft skills" required for success in graduate school and beyond. Topics covered are ethics, laboratory safety and waste management, chemical information retrieval and literacy, experimental design, scientific record keeping, statistics, career development, and communications, including technical writing and oral presentation. Whenever possible students are put in direct contact with local technical experts and available resources. The course, well regarded by both students and faculty, has now been taught at Northeastern University for five years in the summer academic quarter to graduate students in chemistry and related departments (pharmacy and chemical engineering) who have successfully completed their first-year course work.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Problem-based Learning (PBL has been suggested as a key educational method of knowledge acquisition to improve medical education. We sought to evaluate the differences in medical school education between graduates from PBL-based and conventional curricula and to what extent these curricula fit job requirements. Methods Graduates from all German medical schools who graduated between 1996 and 2002 were eligible for this study. Graduates self-assessed nine competencies as required at their day-to-day work and as taught in medical school on a 6-point Likert scale. Results were compared between graduates from a PBL-based curriculum (University Witten/Herdecke and conventional curricula. Results Three schools were excluded because of low response rates. Baseline demographics between graduates of the PBL-based curriculum (n = 101, 49% female and the conventional curricula (n = 4720, 49% female were similar. No major differences were observed regarding job requirements with priorities for "Independent learning/working" and "Practical medical skills". All competencies were rated to be better taught in PBL-based curriculum compared to the conventional curricula (all p Conclusion Among medical graduates in Germany, PBL demonstrated benefits with regard to competencies which were highly required in the job of physicians. Research and business competence deserve closer attention in future curricular development.
Coll, Richard K.; Zegwaard, Karsten E.
Work-integrated learning (WIL) programmes that combine on-campus classroom-based study with off-campus authentic work experience are a growing area of interest internationally. Despite widespread practice of WIL, there are few reports that shed light on appropriate pedagogies for the work experience in particular. As with any form of education, providers hold certain views as to desirable outcomes in terms of graduate profiles and of desirable graduate competencies. A complication for multi-party WIL programmes is that educational stakeholders (e.g., staff working in tertiary education provider institutions and employers) may hold different views as to desirable graduate competencies. Here we argue that an understanding of stakeholder views of desirable graduate competencies is an essential prerequisite of pedagogical design. The research reported here is an intrinsic case study and comprised an investigation of perceptions of 24 desirable graduate competencies for new science and technology graduates entering the workforce both today, and in ten yearsâ time. Stakeholders for four sector stakeholder groups (n = 458): undergraduate students (n = 71), recent graduates (n = 143), employers of graduates (n = 172), and faculty (n = 72), were surveyed using a previously reported and validated instrument. The research findings suggest that science and technology stakeholders see all 24 competencies as desirable, and see the importance of all skills and some skills in particular as likely to increase in ten yearsâ time. Despite emphasis on cognitive and technical skills (often termed âhardâ skills), the single most desirable skill is ability and willingness to learn, a behavioural skill (often termed âsoftâ skills). It is proposed that classroom-based instruction is unlikely to produce graduates with the desired skills, and that work-integrated learning may have a role to play in the development of graduate competencies.
Popovici (Barbulescu Adina
Full Text Available The paper aims at analyzing the dynamics of in Romanian higher education graduates in the 2006-2010 period, both in Romania and by the Romanian development regions. After highlighting the importance of human capital and its education, the paper analyzes the dynamics of Romanian higher education graduates in the targeted period, at both of the above-mentioned levels. The conclusions reveal that, during the analysed period: 2006-2010, the number of female, and, respectively, male higher education graduates, as well as the total number of higher education graduates, continuously increased in the 2006-2010 period at the whole country level and registered an increase trend, as well, by the eight development regions of Romania in the 2006-2010 period, with very few exceptions in some years of the period, in some of the the eight development regions of Romania. Therefore, the Romanian higher education system must correlate the graduates number with the number of work places in the Romanian economy, and take into account the necessities imposed by the participation at international competition.
Full Text Available Effective interactions depend largely on personality traits, which is a consistent and long-lasting tendency in behavior. In psychology, five major trait factors (Big Five personality traits have been generally used to assess personality of people. The study highlights the practicality of importance-performance analysis as a means to assessing the importance of personality traits dimension that should be possessed by Malaysian graduates. The importance-performance analysis is used to evaluate the gap in personality traits possessed by Business and Technical Graduates. The study is carried out in two phases: Phase 1 which involves a focus group session and Phase 2 which focus on establishing a questionnaire appropriate to the study across a diverse range of industries. The questionnaires were distributed to managers selected from a sampling frame. Graduates personality attributes are analysed in terms of big five personality traits which include openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness and emotional stability traits. The findings of this study suggest that Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia should target improvements on a specific personality development component pertaining to openness and extroversion personality for business management graduates, and conscientiousness personality for technical graduates as part of the curriculum development strategies of these Higher Education Institutions.
Gao, Hong; Hughes, William W.; O'Rear, Michael R.; Fendley, William R., Jr.
Studies have provided conflicting findings on who is more likely to graduate or to persist in higher education. This study examined differences between native students and transfer students in terms of graduation and retention rates, sought to discover factors that impact students' persistence in higher education, such as a student's first-term
Paulo Rogerio Meira Menandro
Full Text Available This article presents two sets of information of historical interest for Psychology: regarding the context in which the profession of psychologist was regulated, and the graduate level formation. These sets of information are used to discuss the difficulty in promoting de facto articulation between undergraduate and graduate level programs. This is an especially curious difficulty, as, since the initial phase of the organization of the Brazilian Graduate Program, the need to consider its integration with the undergraduate formation has always been highlighted. Nevertheless, some difficulties still persist with respect to this integration. Some proposals of activities that could provide articulation between the different levels of formation are presented for debate, both in the sphere of teaching and supervision, as well as in the context of research, with related activities that can serve the same purpose also being mentioned.
Assaraf, Orit Ben-Zvi; Damri, Sigalit
Throughout the last decade, the issue of sustainable development has become a major public debate topic. University science graduates have the potential of playing an important mediatory role in this debate. This is because their scientific vocation not only provides them with scientific knowledge about the core issues involved, but also puts them in the position of occupying key managerial and leadership positions in the industrial community. This study examines whether environmental knowledge plays a part in university science graduates' thinking about industry on an intuitive level and also in their mode of responding to concrete environmental problems. Our findings indicate that most of the graduates do not demonstrate an awareness of the relevance of environmental knowledge to questions connected to industry; furthermore, they do not apply their scientific knowledge-base in contexts related explicitly to environmental aspects of the industrial process.
Brennan, M; McWhinney, I R; Stewart, M; Weston, W
The paper describes a graduate studies programme designed to prepare outstanding family physicians for academic leadership and reports an evaluation of the programme. The programme aims to produce academic family physicians who exhibit certain qualities: outstanding clinical skills, professional interest in the organization and transmission of knowledge, and a scholarly approach through research and skills of leadership. The course includes clinical and teaching practice, formal course work and a scholarly thesis; the emphasis is on teaching and learning, theoretical foundations of family medicine, whole person medicine, research design and techniques, ethical decision making, and administration of organizations. A survey of the first 30 graduates of the programme indicated that the majority did more clinical teaching, small group teaching, research, writing and administration than before the course. The graduates' opinions of the programme indicated the extent to which the programme goals have been met; to provide a coherent learning experience integrating the art, science and technology of the discipline of family medicine. PMID:4043606
Eduardo Bustos FarÃas
Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present a model for administrative knowledge management for the Graduate Support Division of the Instituto PolitÃ©cnico Nacional (IPN. This administrative unit is important because it is responsible for managing the institutionâs academic services at graduate level. A qualitative methodology was used based on in-depth interviews with graduate-level directors, experts in knowledge management and members of the institution. The results obtained support the use of administrative management tools based on Information Technology (IT, such as the design of a comprehensive dashboard, and the proposal that knowledge management processes be automated with digital repositories. The model identifies factors such as the relationships between people, technology, administrative knowledge and knowledge management processes, and is formed with innovative administrative contributions.
Full Text Available Pedagogic education of graduate students, when and where it exists, is restricted to theoretical courses or to the participation of the students as teachers' assistants. This model is essentially reproductive and offers few opportunities for any significant curriculum innovation. To open an opportunity for novelty we have introduced a new approach in "Biochemistry Teaching", a course included in the Biochemistry Graduate Program of the Biochemistry Department (Universidade Estadual de Campinas and Universidade de São Paulo. The content of the course consists of a choosing the theme, b selecting and organizing the topics, c preparing written material, d establishing the methodological strategies, e planning the evaluation tools and, finally, f as teachers, conducting the course as an optional summer course for undergraduate students. During the first semester the graduate students establish general and specific educational objectives, select and organize contents, decide on the instructional strategies and plan evaluation tools. The contents are explored using a wide range of strategies, which include computer-aided instruction, laboratory classes, small group teaching, a few lectures and round table discussions. The graduate students also organize printed class notes to be used by the undergraduate students. Finally, as a group, they teach the summer course. In the three versions already developed, the themes chosen were Biochemistry of Exercise (UNICAMP, Biochemistry of Nutrition (UNICAMP and Molecular Biology of Plants (USP. In all cases the number of registrations greatly exceeded the number of places and a selection had to be made. The evaluation of the experience by both graduate and undergraduate students was very positive. Graduate students considered this experience to be unique and recommended it to their schoolmates; the undergraduate students benefited from a more flexible curriculum (more options and gave very high scores to both the courses and the teachers.
D.V., de-Macedo; E., de-Paula; B.B., Torres.
Full Text Available Pedagogic education of graduate students, when and where it exists, is restricted to theoretical courses or to the participation of the students as teachers' assistants. This model is essentially reproductive and offers few opportunities for any significant curriculum innovation. To open an opportun [...] ity for novelty we have introduced a new approach in "Biochemistry Teaching", a course included in the Biochemistry Graduate Program of the Biochemistry Department (Universidade Estadual de Campinas and Universidade de São Paulo). The content of the course consists of a) choosing the theme, b) selecting and organizing the topics, c) preparing written material, d) establishing the methodological strategies, e) planning the evaluation tools and, finally, f) as teachers, conducting the course as an optional summer course for undergraduate students. During the first semester the graduate students establish general and specific educational objectives, select and organize contents, decide on the instructional strategies and plan evaluation tools. The contents are explored using a wide range of strategies, which include computer-aided instruction, laboratory classes, small group teaching, a few lectures and round table discussions. The graduate students also organize printed class notes to be used by the undergraduate students. Finally, as a group, they teach the summer course. In the three versions already developed, the themes chosen were Biochemistry of Exercise (UNICAMP), Biochemistry of Nutrition (UNICAMP) and Molecular Biology of Plants (USP). In all cases the number of registrations greatly exceeded the number of places and a selection had to be made. The evaluation of the experience by both graduate and undergraduate students was very positive. Graduate students considered this experience to be unique and recommended it to their schoolmates; the undergraduate students benefited from a more flexible curriculum (more options) and gave very high scores to both the courses and the teachers.
Gabriela S., Pinto; Gustavo G., Nascimento; Matheus S., Mendes; Fabrício A., Ogliari; Flávio F., Demarco; Marcos B., Correa.
Full Text Available Este estudo objetivou avaliar os fatores associados com a decisão de estudantes de Odontologia em participar de um programa de pósgraduação acadêmica. Um estudo transversal foi conduzido em 2012, com estudantes do último ano do curso de Odontologia do Sul do Brasil. Foi aplicado um questionário fech [...] ado composto por três diferentes blocos: período prévio à graduação, período da graduação e perspectivas futuras. O desfecho deste trabalho foi definido como a decisão de buscar uma pós-graduação acadêmica. As associações foram testadas com o teste de Qui-quadrado e de Qui-quadrado de tendência linear, quando apropriado. Além disso, foi feita a regressão multivariada de Poisson. A amostra foi composta por 671 estudantes (taxa de resposta de 69,9%, n=467). Em relação às perspectivas futuras, 68% dos estudantes entrevistados pretendem ingressar em um curso de pós-graduação, mas somente 17,5% escolheriam um programa com pós-graduação acadêmica e pesquisa (Programas de Mestrado e Doutorado). No modelo final, estudantes de universidades públicas (RP 2,08, 95% CI 1,41-3,08) e estudantes que receberam bolsa de iniciação científica (RP 1,93 95% CI 1,14-3,27) apresentaram prevalência duas vezes maior na busca de pós-graduação acadêmica. Estudantes de famílias com renda alta mostraram menor prevalência na busca destes cursos (RP 0,50, 95%IC 0,28-0,90). Desta forma, bolsas parecem incentivar os alunos de graduação na busca por pós-graduação stricto sensu. Abstract in english This study aimed to evaluate the factors associated with the decision to attend an academic post-graduation program by dental students. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012, last-year undergraduate students from Dental Schools of Southern Brazil. A closed questionnaire was applied including [...] questions grouped in three different blocks: pre-graduate, undergraduate period and future perspectives. The outcome was the decision to pursuit an academic post-graduation degree. Associations were tested using chi-squared test and chi-squared test for linear trends when appropriate. Multivariate Poisson regression was also performed. The sample was composed by 671 students (response rate of 69.9%, n=467). In relation to future perspectives, 68% of the interviewed students intended to attend a post-graduation program, but only 17.5% would choose a program with academic and research post-graduation program (Master and PhD programs). In the final model, students from public universities (PR 2.08, 95%CI 1.41-3.08) and students that received scientific initiation scholarship (PR 1.93 95%CI 1.14-3.27) presented a twice greater prevalence to seek academic post-graduate programs. Students with higher family incomes showed a lower prevalence to seek these programs (PR 0.50, 95%IC 0.28-0.90). Scholarships seem to encourage undergraduate students to pursue stricto sensu post-graduation.
...post-graduate study by students at an...Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue...The Department of Education is especially interested...Department enhance the quality, utility, and...post-graduate study rates for students...study as well as education opportunities...
Ohbuchi, Yoshifumi; Iida, Haruhiko
The new educational methods of engineering design have attempted to improve mechanical engineering education for graduate students in a way of the collaboration in education of engineer and designer. The education program is based on the lecture and practical exercises concerning the product design, and has engineering themes and design process themes, i.e. project management, QFD, TRIZ, robust design (Taguchi method) , ergonomics, usability, marketing, conception etc. At final exercise, all students were able to design new product related to their own research theme by applying learned knowledge and techniques. By the method of engineering design education, we have confirmed that graduate students are able to experience technological and creative interest.
Gonzalez-Moreno, Patricia Adelaida
Despite the increasing number of students in music education graduate programmes, attrition rates suggest a lack of success in retaining and assisting them to the completion of their degree. Based on the expectancy-value theory, the aim of this study was to examine students' motivations (values and competence beliefs) and their complex interaction
Holt, Marianne; Lucas, John A.
In an effort to evaluate the effectiveness of its dental hygiene program, William Rainey Harper College (WRHC), in Palatine, Illinois, conducted a follow-up study of its dental hygiene students. The survey instrument was mailed to all 31 1993 dental hygiene associate degree graduates, and a response rate of 97% (n=30) was attained. Results of the
Bourner, Tom; Rospigliosi, Pericles
This article is about changes in the employment of graduates over the four decades since data on their first destinations was first published in the early 1960s. It aims to identify the main changes and their implications. The data used are drawn from questionnaire surveys with very high response rates (over 80 per cent). The main finding is that
Hendel, Tova; Gefen-Liban, Dganit
Israeli graduate nursing students who took management courses in 1998 (n=25), 1999 (n=15), and 2000 (n=11) rated the importance of different value sets. All three groups ranked personal and professional values significantly higher than organizational values such as vision, competition, cooperation, risk taking, and status. (Contains 29
Lipson, Sarah Ketchen; Zhou, Sasha; Wagner, Blake, III; Beck, Katie; Eisenberg, Daniel
This article explores variations in mental health and service utilization across academic disciplines using a random sample of undergraduate and graduate students (N = 64,519) at 81 colleges and universities. We report prevalence of depression, anxiety, suicidality, and self-injury, and rates of help-seeking across disciplines, including results
Miller, Jane K.; Repinski, Shelby L.; Hayes, Kathryn N.; Bliss, Frederick A.; Trexler, Cary J.
A broad-based survey using the Delphi method was conducted to garner current information from private sector stakeholders and build consensus opinions supporting key ideas for enhancing plant breeder education and training. This study asked respondents to suggest and rate topics and content they deemed most important to plant breeding graduate
Cocks, Errol; Thoresen, Stian H.; Lee, Elinda Ai Lim
People with disabilities have low participation rates in employment and vocational education and training. Thirty adults with disabilities were sampled from an Australian longitudinal study of economic and social outcomes achieved by graduate apprentices and trainees. Participants were surveyed and interviewed to identify pathways from high school
Lipson, Sarah Ketchen; Zhou, Sasha; Wagner, Blake, III; Beck, Katie; Eisenberg, Daniel
This article explores variations in mental health and service utilization across academic disciplines using a random sample of undergraduate and graduate students (NÂ =Â 64,519) at 81 colleges and universities. We report prevalence of depression, anxiety, suicidality, and self-injury, and rates of help-seeking across disciplines, including resultsâ¦
Huang, Jinyan; Foote, Chandra J.
This study examines score variations and differences in the reliability of ratings between English-as-a-second-language (ESL) and native English (NE) authored papers in a graduate course. Generalizability (G-) theory was used as a framework for analysis because it is powerful in detecting rater variability and the relative contributions of
Crawford, Gregory A.
This study analyzed the relationships between variables of institutional expenses, library expenses, and library use and variables representing graduation and retention rates for colleges and universities. Using data drawn from the Integrated Postsecondary Educational Data System and the Academic Library Survey, institutions were compared by their
Durham, Rachel E.; Westlund, Erik
Earning a college degree increases a person's life outcomes in income, employment, health, and quality of life. The average person with a bachelor's degree earns almost twice as much as a high school graduate and nearly triple that of someone who did not finish high school. The unemployment rate for people with bachelor's degrees is about
Yaklin, Bernard P.
In 1987, a study was conducted of the characteristics and graduation rates of students who transferred to the University of California, Davis (UCD), between fall 1974 and spring 1986. The study included all undergraduates who enrolled at UCD with advanced standing, focusing on their academic level at entry, previously attended college, and
Masci, Frank J.
This study examines the relationship between supervisor evaluation of classroom performance and exit portfolio ratings of candidates enrolled in the Professional Immersion Master of Arts in Teaching Program, a partnership between Johns Hopkins University and Montgomery County (Maryland) Public Schools. This graduate-level teacher preparation
Feldon, David F.; Maher, Michelle A.; Hurst, Melissa; Timmerman, Briana
Faculty mentorship is thought to be a linchpin of graduate education in STEM disciplines. This mixed-method study investigates agreement between student mentees' and their faculty mentors' perceptions of the students' developing research knowledge and skills in STEM. We also compare both assessments against independent ratings of the students'
This analysis examines whether the legalization of abortion changed high school graduation rates among the children selected into birth. Unless women in all socio-economic circumstances sought abortions to the same extent, increased use of abortion must have changed the distribution of child development inputs. I find that higher abortion ratios
Henderson, Amanda; Ossenberg, Christine; Tyler, Scott
Effective guidance in practice is necessary for safe practice of clinicians upon entering the workforce. The transition period is recognised as a time of significant stress as newly graduated nurses (novices) endeavour to consolidate their nursing knowledge and gain mastery in a new working environment. This study explored novices perception of a structured clinical support program designed to assist their assimilation and development of good practice in the real world. Surveys and focus groups were conducted twelve months after novices commenced employment in a large tertiary hospital in South-East Queensland, Australia. Survey results from 78 novices (43% response rate), and feedback from a subsequent focus group of the respondents, indicated that the program which provided interactive content days and supervised experience in an environment conducive to learning was successful in transitioning novices. Novices placed considerable importance on largely intangible aspects of the interactive days, such as emotional support and collegiality which contributed to their confidence. These intangible elements of programs are often not measured and therefore their value not visible to those responsible for continuous education. Of particular significance was that novices indicated their thoughts about practice were given limited consideration. This is an important factor for future retention. PMID:25665461
Purpose: To keep the profession apprised of current trends in the job market, the American College of Radiology (ACR) studied the employment situation of 1998 radiation oncology graduates and the status and plans of radiation oncology training programs in the United States. Methods and Materials: In April-May 1998, and again in a December 1998-January 1999 follow-up, the ACR surveyed all radiation oncology residency directors in the U.S. about the employment situation of their 1998 residency and fellowship graduates as well as changes in their programs. Eighty-five percent (71/84) of those surveyed responded. We compare current findings with similar 1997 and earlier surveys and report statistically significant differences (p ? 0.05). Results: By 6 months after graduation, there were no graduating residents or fellows who had not secured a position, although the status of two was unknown. At that time, about 93% of all graduates had secured positions that directors said reasonably matched graduates' training and personal goals. Program directors reported that accomplished and planned changes in their programs will reduce the annual number of residency graduates by about one-fifth since 1993. However, the number of beginning residency positions offered in 1998 was 149, up from 116 in 1997 and only a few percent below the 1993 level. By the December 1998-January 1999 follow-up, fill rates for offered training positions were 94% for residencies and 80% for fellowships, figures that are similar to those reported for past years. Directors' perceptions of the job market are much more positive. For example, only 11% of residency directors viewed the market as more difficult this year than typical of recent years, as against 48% in 1997 and 82% in 1996. Conclusion: Unemployment continues to be low, and another, 'softer' indicator, the job market perceptions of residency program directors, continues to improve. Possibly as a result, plans for program reductions are evaporating
Full Text Available Studies and opinions on the future of higher education in the United States have become a true cottage industry. A new book or a new policy proposal seems to appear every week. Most of the attention has focused on the undergraduate experience, especially in regard to costs, content, delivery, and outcomes. For example, outstanding student loans total roughly $1 trillion, and federal grants have increased from $6.4 billion in 1981 to $49 billion today. Despite this massive increase in federal support, the costs of higher education have increased at a rapid pace, making it beyond the reach of many middle class families without financial aid and loans. Given the high costs, students, families, and employers are beginning to question the value of many courses and degrees. Are graduates prepared to be good citizens as well as to be employable? The opportunity for disruption is now apparent, as both students and employers pursue new education delivery systems, such as massively open online courses. Although the initial frenzy for these courses may have abated, the "unbundling" of the residential college experience is well underway as students combine various offerings from different sources into a personalized education and universities struggle to respond.
FELIPE ANDRÉS, L0ZANO-R0JAS.
Full Text Available Given that a significant proportion of the Chilean education system is financed with household resources, we present human capital contracts (HCC) as an option for higher education financing for students facing financial constraints, but who could use their expected future income flows as collateral [...] . We analyze the feasibility of HCC implementation in Chile over a set of college majors. We find that HCC can partially fund any college major in Chile and finance some majors completely, under certain conditions. Among the variables analyzed, those affecting most severely the contract pricing are initial wage level after graduation and graduation rate.
Kilicay-Ergin, N.; Laplante, P. A.
Requirements engineering is one of the fundamental knowledge areas in software and systems engineering graduate curricula. Recent changes in educational delivery and student demographics have created new challenges for requirements engineering education. In particular, there is an increasing demand for online education for working professionals.â¦
Borrego, Maura; Boden, Daniel; Newswander, Lynita K.
We employ Scott's three pillars of institutions (regulative, normative, and cultural-cognitive) to investigate how higher education organizations change to support interdisciplinary graduate education. Using document analysis and case study approaches, we illustrate how strategies which address both policies and cultural norms are most
Nguyen, Huynh Mai
The current study explored the experiences of faculty advisors working with international graduate students (IGS). Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and a demographic survey and was analyzed using open, axial, and selective coding strategies. Three central categories emerged from the analysis: (a) advisors' perceptions of IGS,
An operations management product project is an effective instructional technique that fills a void in current operations management literature in product planning. More than 94.1% of 286 graduates favored the project as a learning tool, and results demonstrate the significant impact the project had in predicting student performance. The author
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore how early career professionals "do gender" in their new professional context. Specifically, it explores how two groups of graduates, psychologists and political scientists, "do gender" as early career professionals with a particular emphasis on how they acquire legitimacy in relation to their
Reid, Robert A.; Lantz, K. Holley
Twenty-one members of graduate internal medicine training program were studied to determine whether feedback of simple ambulatory practice profiles would prove valuable in their training program. Results suggest that attention to style of practice during training could be extremely cost effective. (Author/LBH)
McDonald, Joseph P.; And Others
This book describes a strategy for school reform, "planning backwards from exhibitions," which is a collective invention of the Coalition of Essential Schools. The strategy is based on the principle that graduation from high school should be based on genuine achievement. The first article, by Joseph P. McDonald, explains that the purpose of
Kilicay-Ergin, N.; Laplante, P. A.
Requirements engineering is one of the fundamental knowledge areas in software and systems engineering graduate curricula. Recent changes in educational delivery and student demographics have created new challenges for requirements engineering education. In particular, there is an increasing demand for online education for working professionals.
Womack, Kay; Rupp-Serrano, Karen
Reports the results of a survey of main and undergraduate library reference departments at United States academic institutions conferring an ALA-accredited MLIS or equivalent degree. The survey solicited information about the employment of graduate assistants in such departments in six areas: recruitment, appointment, training, assignments,
Taharally, Christina; La Fontaine, Evelyn
Each year, teachers and parent leaders pressure preschoolers to rehearse songs, poems, and skits for their graduation performances. While some children actually enjoy these rituals, some children are not having fun. These children deserve the opportunity to grow into this ability. In this article, the authors discuss some inappropriate practices
Li, Ming; And Others
Reports a study that examined the characteristics that enable graduate sport management programs to achieve their objectives. Surveys of sport management educators found they agreed on 11 characteristics that indicated a sport management program's effectiveness. Respondents believed an effective program should produce sport managers, not
Skulmoski, Gregory J.; Hartman, Francis T.; Krahn, Jennifer
The Delphi method is an attractive method for graduate students completing masters and PhD level research. It is a flexible research technique that has been successfully used in our program at the University of Calgary to explore new concepts within and outside of the information systems body of knowledge. The Delphi method is an iterative process
Smith, Kelly; Beasley, Martin
Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the factors that influenced seven graduates in the creative and digital industries to start their own businesses in Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK--an area with lack of employing establishments and locally registered businesses. Design/methodology/approach: Questionnaires and semi-structured interviews
Purpose: Although there is increasing evidence that the creative industries are essential to national economic growth as well as social and cultural well-being, creative graduates often find it difficult to become established professionally. This study aims to investigate the value of career management competence and intrinsic career motivations
Vogl, Sonia; Vogl, Robert L.
Reports results of a survey of 31 administrators of graduate programs in outdoor education. Reports on the programs (classification, priorities, testing, resident programs), the faculty (attitudes, composition), and the graduate students (faculty attitudes, enrollment). (SB)
Full Text Available This article examines the relations of the Russian Federation, that is one of the main players of the second Great Game, with Azerbaijan. Nagorno Karabakh issue, legal status of the Caspian and struggle for the pipelines influence both internal and foreign policies of Azerbaijan as well as the relations between Moscow and Baku. Therefore, Russian Federations relations with Azerbaijan will be examined within the context of these problems. It is mentioned that there are two rival groups in the region (Russian Federation-Armenia-Iran on the one side and USA-Turkey-Azerbaijan-Georgia on the other. This group will be discussed in this article by examing the relations between Russian Federation and Azerbaijan. This article argues that there are no such rival groups in the region.
Alexander, C. J.
Institutional barriers encountered by women in undergraduate and graduate schools may take many forms, but can also be as simple as a lack of community support. In the 1990's the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) made a commitment to the retention of women in their graduate and undergraduate schools. Their program included mentoring, focussed tutoring, self-esteem support groups, and other retention efforts. Under this program, the attrition rate of women has dramatically slowed. In this paper, we will discuss recent data from the American Geological Institude chronicling the enrollment and successes of women in the geosciences, the program instituted by Caltech, possible causes of attrition among women in the geosciences, as well as potential programs to address these problems. We will also present, from the nationwide study, data on geoscience departments which have been relatively successful at retaining and graduating women in Earth and Space Sciences.
Frayn, Cassidy; Masson, Valerie; Erichsen, Shannon; White, Jonathan
Summary Every year, hundreds of new surgeons graduate from residency programs across Canada. Much time and effort is spent on preparing these surgeons for independent practice, but there is little literature about the career trajectories of surgeons after they finish training and enter practice. We surveyed all surgeons graduating from the residency programs of a single Canadian medical school over 25 years (19852010). Most respondents rated their job satisfaction as high/very high and indicated they would still pursue a residency in surgery and/or their specialty if they had it to do over again. This commentary discusses important information about where our graduates go and what their careers are like, challenging existing stereotypes about careers in surgery. Our survey findings should be communicated to students interested in careers in surgery. PMID:26384145
Li, Ian W.; Miller, Paul W.
This paper examines gender discrimination in the Australian graduate labour market, using data from the Graduate Destination Surveys 1999-2009. A framework of analysis provided by the overeducation/required education/undereducation literature is applied. A smaller gender wage gap is found for university graduates than that reported for all workers in earlier studies. It is shown, however, that the gender wage gap widens with the age at graduation. This pattern is argued to reflect the influen...
Full Text Available Los EE.UU no tienen una certificación federal en el nivel universitario que ordene una formación pedagógica para la enseñanza en los niveles de grado. Sin embargo, el ámbito de la Formación para los Graduate Assistant (asistentes de Grado está creciendo en los Estados Unidos y ha producido varios modelos que se ajustan a una variedad de contextos institucionales. Este texto analiza los modelos de formación en tres instituciones: la Universidad Estatal de Kennesaw, la Universidad Carnegie Mellon y la Universidad de Colorado-Boulder. A partir de estos modelos, extrapolamos los éxitos y los puntos comunes a algunas cuestiones no resueltas, que caracterizan el paisaje de EE.UU. ABSTRACT The U.S. does not have a federal certification for teaching at the university level mandating graduate-level training in pedagogy. Nevertheless, the field of Graduate Assistant Training is thriving in America and has produced several models that fit a variety of institutional contexts. This chapter reviews training models at 3 institutions: Kennesaw State University, Carnegie Mellon University, and University of ColoradoBoulder. From these models, we extrapolate common successes and point out some unresolved issues that characterize the U.S. landscape.
Irish dental graduates are eligible to enter general dental practice immediately after qualification. Unlike their United Kingdom counterparts, there is no requirement to undertake vocational training (VT) or any pre-registration training. VT is a mandatory 12-month period for all UK dental graduates who wish to work within the National Health Service. It provides structured, supervised experience in training practices and through organised study days.
Morrison, Michael C.
Graduation outcomes are analyzed at public and private baccalaureate colleges and universities in the United States. The purpose is to determine the effect of institutional characteristics on a binary indicator of college graduation. The effect of the percentage of Pell grant recipients on graduation outcomes is of primary interest, controlling
Westchester Community Coll., Valhalla, NY. Office of Institutional Research and Planning.
This document discusses a study completed in 2002 about the graduates of the Westchester Community College. The study addresses the effectiveness of WCC in helping achieve goals of the graduates in employment goals, transfer goals, academic goals, and personal goals. Of the 1,802 students that graduated from WCC in the Class of 2002, 317 returned
Fenton, Mary; Barry, Almar
This paper presents an analysis of the views of Irish graduate entrepreneurs on the efficacy of entrepreneurship education in fostering their development as entrepreneurs. It answers three key questions: (a) what was the graduate entrepreneurs' experience of undergraduate entrepreneurship education; (b) what was the graduate entrepreneurs'
Fenton, Mary; Barry, Almar
This paper presents an analysis of the views of Irish graduate entrepreneurs on the efficacy of entrepreneurship education in fostering their development as entrepreneurs. It answers three key questions: (a) what was the graduate entrepreneurs' experience of undergraduate entrepreneurship education; (b) what was the graduate entrepreneurs'â¦
Hegarty, Cecilia; Johnston, Janet
Purpose: This paper aims to explore graduate training through SME-based project work. The views and behaviours of graduates are examined along with the perceptions of the SMEs and academic partner institutions charged with training graduates. Design/methodology/approach: The data are largely qualitative and derived from the experiences of
Wickramasinghe, Vathsala; Perera, Lasantha
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore employability skills that employers, university lecturers and graduates value to bring to the workplace, when graduates are applying for entry-level graduate jobs in the field of computer science in Sri Lanka. Design/methodology/approach: A total of three samples were selected for this exploratoryâ¦
This study explores skill transfer in graduates as they transition from university to the workplace. Graduate employability continues to dominate higher education agendas yet the transfer of acquired skills is often assumed. The study is prompted by documented concern with graduate performance in certain employability skills, and prevalent skillâ¦
Purpose: E-Portfolio is a powerful tool for demonstrating evidence of learning and achievements in graduate research. The purpose of this paper is to examine the concept, structure and functions of e-Portfolio in graduate research and discuss the significance of the role of e-Portfolio in enhancing the quality of graduate research students and
Each year for the past 12 years, the Graduate Management Admission Council[R] (GMAC[R]) has conducted a survey of graduate management education students in their final year of business school. This Global Management Education Graduate Survey is distributed to students at participating business schools. The survey allows students to express their
Romanik, Dale; Rembowski, Mary
The State of Florida Department of Education provides pre-and-post-graduation data for public high school graduates throughout Florida. These data were used for the present report to produce data sets for all M-DCPS regular high schools and charter high schools graduating students in 2009 and 2010. Summary data for the district are also provided.
Romanik, Dale; Rembowski, Mary
The "High School Feedback Report" prepared by the State of Florida's Department of Education provides pre-and-post-graduation data for public high school graduates throughout Florida. These data were used for the present report which contains individual data reports for all M-DCPS regular high schools and charter high schools graduating students
Romanik, Dale; Rembowski, Mary
The State of Florida Department of Education provides pre-and-post-graduation data for public high school graduates throughout Florida. These data were used for the present report to produce data sets for all M-DCPS regular high schools and charter high schools graduating students in 2007 and 2008. Summary data for the district are also provided.
Morris, Don; Romanik, Dale
The "High School Feedback Report" prepared by the State of Florida's Department of Education provides pre-and-post-graduation data for public high school graduates throughout Florida. These data were used for this present report which contains individual data reports for all M-DCPS regular high schools and charter high schools graduating students
Romanik, Dale; Rembowski, Mary
The State of Florida Department of Education provides pre-and-post-graduation data for public high school graduates throughout Florida. These data were used for the present report to produce data sets for all M-DCPS regular high schools and charter high schools graduating students in 2008 and 2009. Summary data for the district are also provided.
Wodi, Iniye Irene; Oluwatayo, Gbenga Kayode; Onyima, Nonye Blessing
The study was carried out to establish the competencies of graduate teachers who graduated from teacher education programs between the year 2005 and 2010. Multi-stage sampling was used in selecting 432 respondents comprising educational administrators and graduate teachers working in the three levels of education across two states of Southern
Mora, Jose-Gines; Garcia-Aracil, Adela; Carot, Jose-Miguel; Vila, Luis E.
We use data from a sample of European higher education graduates at early stages of their working careers to provide evidence on the determinants of the human capital competences (talents, skills and capabilities) acquired by young graduates in Education and of those required by the jobs they perform. More than 36,000 graduates holding a first
Young, Shawna; Jacobs, Warren
Traditionally, graduate study includes a research component, requiring library skills to locate relevant literature. Upon matriculation into graduate programs, many students are underprepared in library research skills, making library instruction a priority for the success of graduate students. This qualitative study, utilizing emergent design,
Using a nationally representative sample of baccalaureate graduates from 1993 (B&B 93/97/03), I explore factors that contribute to the gender and racial gap in earnings among recent college graduate. Results indicate that college major remains the most significant factor in accounting for the gender gap in pay. Female graduates are still left
Berthold, P; Lopez, N
An increasing number of graduates of foreign dental schools who enroll in advanced standing programs to qualify for licensure calls for dental schools to be prepared to handle not only the curricular demands but also the growing cultural diversity among its student population. The "reeducation" of this student group not only meets the need of foreign dentists for an American degree but may also provide health professionals to service various ethnic populations whose language and culture they are able to understand and identify with. A survey of students and graduates of a two-year Program for Advanced Standing Students (PASS) for graduates of foreign dental schools representing 34 countries aimed to arrive at an understanding of this student group through characterization of the foreign dentists and identification of their attitudes and feelings toward various aspects of the program, the school and faculty and their experience of stress. This report includes description of the distinctive features of the program which cater to specific needs and concerns of this non-traditional group of dental students. PASS students are accepted on the basis of their grades in dental school in home country, scores in the National Dental Board Examination Part I, Test of English as Foreign Language (TOEFL), and ratings in personal interviews. They complete an intensive summer program consisting of didactic and laboratory courses which prepares them for integration with four-year students for the last two years of didactic and clinical curriculum. Cultural diversity seminars, a special English class, PASS class meetings and seminars are unique additions to their program and aim to assist them adjust to the educational, social and cultural systems in an American school. Results of the survey show a majority of the PASS students feel that they are part of the school and that there is someone in the school whom they can approach for problems. An understanding of their ethnic and educational background is seen as a significant factor in their second basic dental education. Implications for education of foreign dental graduates amidst increasing diversification of the student body are discussed. PMID:7798405
Department of Housing and Urban Development Interest rates to be paid on debentures issued with respect to a loan or mortgage insured by the Federal Housing Commissioner under the provisions of the National...
Liao, Yan; Finn, Mary; Lu, Jun
This is a comparative study on information needs and information-seeking behavior of international graduate students and American graduate students. This user study is based on empirical data collected from an online survey conducted between April 7 and May 28, 2005, at Virginia Tech. The goal of this comparative study is to investigate how graduate students from diverse ethnic groups discover, select, and use various information sources and to obtain insights into international graduate stud...
Prevention of deep vein thrombosis in potential neurosurgical patients. A randomized trial comparing graduated compression stockings alone or graduated compression stockings plus intermittent pneumatic compression with control
In a randomized trial of neurosurgical patients, groups wearing graduated compression stockings alone (group 1) or graduated compression stockings plus intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) (group 2) were compared with an untreated control group in the prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). In both active treatment groups, the graduated compression stockings were continued for 14 days or until hospital discharge, if earlier. In group 2, IPC was continued for seven days. All patients underwent DVT surveillance with iodine 125-labeled fibrinogen leg scanning and impedance plethysmography. Venography was carried out if either test became abnormal. Deep vein thrombosis occurred in seven (8.8%) of 80 patients in group 1, in seven (9.0%) of 78 patients in group 2, and in 16 (19.8%) of 81 patients in the control group. The observed differences among these rates are statistically significant. The results of this study indicate that graduated compression stockings alone or in combination with IPC are effective methods of preventing DVT in neurosurgical patients
Grandell-Niemi, H; Hupli, M; Leino-Kilpi, H
The aim of this study was to describe the basic mathematical proficiency and the medication calculation skills of graduating nursing students in Finland. A further concern was with how students experienced the teaching of medication calculation. We wanted to find out whether these experiences were associated with various background factors and the students' medication calculation skills. In spring 1997 the population of graduating nursing students in Finland numbered around 1280; the figure for the whole year was 2640. A convenience sample of 204 students completed a questionnaire specially developed for this study. The instrument included structured questions, statements and a medication calculation test. The response rate was 88%. Data analysis was based on descriptive statistics. The students found it hard to learn mathematics and medication calculation skills. Those who evaluated their mathematical and medication calculation skills as sufficient successfully solved the problems included in the questionnaire. It was felt that the introductory course on medication calculation was uninteresting and poorly organised. Overall the students' mathematical skills were inadequate. One-fifth of the students failed to pass the medication calculation test. A positive correlation was shown between the student's grade in mathematics (Sixth Form College) and her skills in medication calculation. PMID:11486137
Dimitris Vergidis; Chris Panagiotakopoulos
This study traces the root causes of dropout rates in one post-graduate course Studies in Education, offered by the Hellenic Open University (HOU). From our research findings, it was found that the main cause of dropping out stem from a combination of adult learners obligations, specifically balancing their academic workload with their employment commitments and family obligations (mainly for female students). The second reason for dropout rates among adult distance education learners incl...
Branine, Mohamed; Avramenko, Alex
The aim of this paper is to provide a comparative analysis of higher education and the graduate labour markets in selected European countries (France, Germany, Spain and United Kingdom) in the context of the expectations of graduates and prospective employers, and respective recruitment and selection practices. Expectations of graduating students
General Services Administration â Annual report of Federal agencies' motor vehicle fleet data collected in the Federal Automotive Statistical Tool (FAST), a web-based reporting tool cosponsored by...
This article assesses the effectiveness of a reform of the higher education system aimed at stimulating employability and faster access to the labour market for Italian graduates. Using the Taylor formula, the evolution of the employment rates has been followed through the movements and interaction of activity and unemployment rates. The progress
Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2012
This paper presents the appendix to "Marketing and Student Recruitment Practices for Master's-Level Graduate Programs, 2012" report. Included in this appendix are: (1) Ratings of the primary practices measured in this study, displayed by institution type; (2) The practice of purchasing prospective student names and addresses; (3) Ratings of
Ismail H. Genc
Full Text Available There is a strong call to look for approaches to integrate business and engineering education across disciplines to provide a more coherent system for students with the job market. As graduates fail to find satisfying employment, the value of college education is questioned. The unemployment of the highly educated has economic, social and political ramifications. Worst is when the highly educated unemployed takes up lower status jobs, ever reducing the quality of the job market with future consequences. In this study, we concentrate on ways to enhance students competitiveness in the post-graduate environment by proposing a curriculum to yield viable business proposals. Our model is for business or engineering students willing to pursue a masters degree without PhD. We go beyond the compartmentalization of the current educational system to increase employability, particularly self-employment. Rise in productivity is a side benefit since there is a strong correlation between productivity and welfare
Paul, V K; Radhika, S; Deorari, A K; Singh, M
A cohort study at a tertiary care neonatal service was undertaken to determine the neurodevelopmental outcome of neonates who required intensive care. One hundred and nineteen nursery graduates were enrolled for follow up if they fulfilled any of the following risk factors: birth weight less than 1500 g, Apgar score less than 4 at 5 minutes, seizure(s), and required assisted ventilation for more than 24 hours. They were subjected to periodic clinical evaluation and administered the Bayley Scales of Infant Development in early childhood. Of the total infants enrolled, 101 completed the required follow up. They included 55 infants with birth weight loss in 2 and visual impairment in 4. Among the neonatal risk factors, seizures, sepsis and hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy had a significant association with adverse outcome. Despite serious neonatal morbidity, the early neurodevelopmental outcome of nursery graduates was reasonably good. The association of neonatal sepsis with neurodevelopmental sequelae merits a prospective evaluation. PMID:10773950
Bhamra, K S
ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: A Graduate Text presents a systematic and comprehensive introduction to ODEs for graduate and postgraduate students. The systematic organized text on differential inequalities, Gronwall's inequality, Nagumo's theorems, Osgood's criteria and applications of different equations of first order is dealt with in a greater depth. The book discusses qualitative and quantitative aspects of the Strum - Liouville problems, Green's function, integral equations, Laplace transform and is supported by a number of worked-out examples in each lesson to make the concepts clear. A lot of stress on stability theory is laid down, especially on Lyapunov and Poincare stability theory. A numerous figures in various lessons (in particular lessons dealing with stability theory) have been added to clarify the key concepts in DE theory. Nonlinear oscillation in conservative systems and Hamiltonian systems highlights basic nature of the systems considered. Perturbation techniques lesson deals in fairly d...
The Nuclear Power Company has the sole responsibility in Britain for the design, construction, and commissioning of nuclear power stations. The Company employs some 2400 people, mainly at its two principal administrative and laboratory sites at Risley, Cheshire and Whetstone, Leicester. In carrying out its responsibilities the Company utilises skills in design, project management, planning, quality control, research and development and many other facets of contemporary nuclear engineering. Accordingly it has well formed views on the employment and training of the engineer and scientists who must exhibit and manage such skills. These views are brought out in this paper with particular reference to the relevance of post graduate training to the Company's Research and Development Department. Staff with post graduate research experience are also employed on other engineering activities in the company. The relevance of their experience to non-research work they undertake is also discussed. (author)
Beginning in autumn 2008 the first generation of astronomy master students will start a 2 year course in Astrophysics offered by the Physics department of the University of Split, Croatia (http://fizika.pmfst.hr/astro/english/index.html). This unique master course in South-Eastern Europe, following the Bologna convention and given by astronomers from international institutions, offers a series of comprehensive lectures designed to greatly enhance students' knowledge and skills in astrophysics, and prepare them for a scientific career. An equally important aim of the course is to recognise the areas in which astronomy and astrophysics can serve as a national asset and to use them to prepare young people for real life challenges, enabling graduates to enter the modern society as a skilled and attractive work-force. In this contribution, I present an example of a successful organisation of international astrophysics studies in a developing country, which aims to become a leading graduate program in astrophysics ...
The Second Conference on Graduate Education in Physics was held in January 2013 with more than 100 participants from 74 different institutions. The participants comprised a diverse group faculty from large and small departments, staff from industry and national labs, and graduate students and postdocs. The conference was aimed at fostering innovation and creativity in our approach to graduate education in physics. Because the majority of physics PhDs ultimately find permanent employment outside academia, and because of the many competing demands on new faculty, many departments are reviewing their graduate programs. The presentations and discussions at the conference included the increasing attention being paid to broader and more flexible graduate curricula, forming industrial partnerships, strategies to increase diversity, professional skills training for graduate students and postdocs, and improving mentoring practices and instituting family-friendly policies for graduate students.
...Assistance General Provisions--Student Right To Know SUMMARY: The...retention rate of first-time, full-time undergraduate students, and completion and graduation...Privacy, Information and Records Management Services, Office of...
Miller, Casey W
In this work, I point out the negative implications for diversity in graduate school resulting from the use of cutoff scores on the GRE in the admissions process. In light of the data presented, as well as a swelling body of evidence suggesting no long term correlation with research success, I pose several challenges to the community related to the continued use of the GRE.
The ubiquity of technology in our daily lives and the economic stability of the technology sector in recent years, especially in areas with a computer science footing, has led to an increase in computer science enrollment in many parts of the world. To keep up with this trend, the undergraduate computer science curriculum has undergone many revisions, analysis, and discussion. Unfortunately, the graduate level curriculum is lagging far behind in computer science education literature and resea...
Ismail H. Genc; Copoglu, Mustafa
There is a strong call to look for approaches to integrate business and engineering education across disciplines to provide a more coherent system for students with the job market. As graduates fail to find satisfying employment, the value of college education is questioned. The unemployment of the highly educated has economic, social and political ramifications. Worst is when the highly educated unemployed takes up lower status jobs, ever reducing the quality of the job market with future co...
Fischer, Beth A.; Zigmond, Michael J.
The process of selecting and gaining admission to a graduate program can seem daunting to undergraduates. They may not understand what steps are involved or even what factors they should consider. In this article, we outline the major issues involved in applying, visiting, and choosing among institutions. Moreover, if a students potential is higher than their current grade point average might suggest to an admissions committee, we provide some suggestions they can use to improve their applic...
This paper studies the locational choice of Italian mobile graduates, tackling simultaneously three aspects. First it analyses the structural drivers of migration (i.e. the key regional characteristics that attract high-skilled migrants) and the social structures that underpin it (i.e the role of migration networks). Secondly, it compares the preferences of migrants across Italy, to those who move from the least developed South to the Centre-North and those who move within the richer Centre-N...
Nurazariah Abidin; Salina Daud
Effective interactions depend largely on personality traits, which is a consistent and long-lasting tendency in behavior. In psychology, five major trait factors (Big Five personality traits) have been generally used to assess personality of people. The study highlights the practicality of importance-performance analysis as a means to assessing the importance of personality traits dimension that should be possessed by Malaysian graduates. The importance-performance analysis is used to evaluat...
The research problem of the present thesis was: What technical skills do graduates from specialization in Software Systems need? Triangulation; that is, several research methods and data sources were used to solve this problem. The largest part of the thesis consisted of three questionnaires where Finnish software developers (N = 11), professors and lecturers (N = 19), and Master's students (N = 24) evaluated the importance of 42 subjects and skills such as discrete mathematics and object-ori...
Pietro, Giorgio Di
In recent decades, the number of university students worldwide who have received some part of their education abroad has been rising rapidly. Despite the popularity of international student exchange programs, however, debate continues over what students gain from this experience. A major advantage claimed for study abroad programs is that they can enhance employability by providing graduates with the skills and experience employers look for. These programs also increase the probability that g...
Munro Don; Bore Miles; Powis David; Ferguson Eamonn; James David; Symonds Ian; Yates Janet
Abstract Background At Nottingham University more than 95% of entrants to the traditional 5-year medical course are school leavers. Since 2003 we have admitted graduate entrants (GEM) to a shortened (4-year) course to 'widen access to students from more disadvantaged backgrounds'. We have recently shown that the GEM course widens academic and socio-demographic diversity of the medical student population. This study explored whether GEM students also bring psychological diversity and whether t...
Thitibhada Sukitkanaporn; Supakorn Phoocharoensil
This study addresses the English Presentation skills of graduate students and explores the ways to improve their skills. A cross-sectional research survey study was conducted among 26 students of the Master of Arts Program in English for Careers at Thammasat University, Thailand. The results showed that there are some statistically significant difference between English presentation skills of the students who studied Effective Presentations (the CR 752 students) and those who did not (the non...
Notifiable events in systems for fission of nuclear fuels - nuclear power plants and research reactors whose maximum output exceeds 50 kW of thermal rating - in the Federal Republic of Germany. Third quarterly report 1995
The report presents the survey of notifiable events in nucleus power plants and research reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany that occurred in the period covered. The survey lists notifiable events classified to the German safety significance categories S (immediate notification), category E (prompt notification), and to the international INES categories, as well as events that have been re-classified after review. (orig.)
Notifiable events in systems for fission of nuclear fuels - nuclear power plants and research reactors whose maximum output exceeds 50 kW of thermal normal rating - in the Federal Republic of Germany. Annual report 1994
The report presents a survey of notifiable events in nuclear power plants and research reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany that occurred in the given reporting period. The survey lists notifiable events both according to the German classification system of safety significance, S (immediate notification), E (prompt notification), as well as events classified under the INES system, (level 1 and higher), and notifiable events that have been re-classified after review. (orig.)
Full Text Available Problem statement: Environmental science programs vary widely in their curricula and pedagogical approaches. In part, this is due to the lack of a unified agreement on field identity. However, program differences are also the product of variable program histories. Approach: This essay described the founding and subsequent history of the Environmental Science Graduate Program at Oklahoma State University, its oldest and largest interdisciplinary program. An evaluation of this history was conducted to discern what lessons could be learned that may prove valuable to the establishment and operation of interdisciplinary programs elsewhere. Results: The 31-year history of OSU?s environmental science graduate program can be described as occurring in six evolutionary stages-from the circumstances that created the opportunity for its establishment as a program located in the graduate college, through slow growth, rapid expansion and maturation, uncertainty and institutional change, retrenchment and revitalization, and finally, relocation within the college of arts and sciences. Each new stage was triggered primarily by decisions of university administration and to a lesser extent by a change in program leadership. Conclusion: The lessons learned from our analysis of this history suggests that the success of interdisciplinary programs hinges on energetic, dedicated and risk-taking program directors; political and financial support from higher administration; support of affiliated faculty; cooperation with, or at least tolerance from, traditional departments; and creation of a sense of community and shared purpose among faculty, students, alumni, employers and donors.
Sonia Regina Abdalla, Iglesias; Nildo Alves, Batista.
Full Text Available Este trabalho investiga a língua inglesa como requisito na formação dos pós-graduandos da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, analisando os rendimentos acadêmicos no exame de proficiência e nas autoavaliações em relação à língua, bem como a importância que esses alunos atribuem ao inglês nessa fase d [...] e formação. Desenvolveu-se uma pesquisa exploratória com abordagens quanti e qualitativa, análise documental, questionários e entrevistas. Identificou-se que os pós-graduandos se autoavaliam como bons leitores, consideram imprescindível o domínio da língua inglesa em seu cotidiano profissional e reconhecem que a maioria das pesquisas na área da saúde é veiculada em inglês. Seus rendimentos no exame de proficiência mostram que, de cada quatro alunos, um é reprovado na primeira tentativa; falam e escrevem pouco, e a maioria necessita de outro profissional para elaboração do abstract. Consideram o domínio da língua inglesa fundamental para profissionais que buscam se destacar num mundo competitivo, mas a exigência formal na pós-graduação é considerada uma sobrecarga. Entendemos que o inglês não é a língua dominante para a maioria dos pesquisadores, o que ocasiona um dilema para leitores e autores que querem atrair o interesse para seu trabalho. Apesar de a língua inglesa ser reconhecida como a língua franca da ciência e mediar o atual processo de publicação científica, esta discussão tem sido crescente e polêmica. Abstract in english This article analyzes English proficiency as a requirement for graduate studies at the Federal University in São Paulo, Brazil, analyzing students' performance on the proficiency test and their self-assessment and the importance they ascribe to the language during this phase of their training. An ex [...] ploratory study was conducted with quantitative and qualitative approaches, document analysis, questionnaires, and interviews. Graduate students rated their own English reading skills as good. They considered a command of the language essential for their professional work and acknowledged that most research in the health field is published in English. One out of four students failed the proficiency test on the first attempt. Their speaking and writing skills were limited, and the majority needed another professional to prepare an abstract in English. They considered a command of English essential for professionals seeking to stand out in a competitive world, but viewed the formal English requirement for graduate studies as an overburden. English is not most researchers' first language, thus creating a dilemma for readers as well as authors who wish to attract attention to their work. Although English is acknowledged as the lingua franca of science and mediates the current scientific publication process, the issue has become increasingly controversial.
Dewi Juliah Ratnaningsih
Full Text Available The vision and mission of Universitas Terbuka (UT is to become a highly qualified open and distance education institution and to provide higher education access to all communities. Graduates of UT are expected to acquire adequate knowledge, hard skills and soft skills. Soft skills play important roles in the world of work. The aim of this article is to describe: (1 whether the open and distance education systems are capable of providing graduates with soft skills, (2 how soft skills are acquired during the period of study, and (3 how are the range of soft skills acquired by graduates and required by stakeholders at work. This article uses 2009 UT tracer study, which employed survey and in-depth interviews to selected respondents and stakeholders. 2.417 pairs data (graduates and stakeholders were analysed. The rating scales were from 1 (very poor to 4 (excellent. The attributes analysed were personal, interpersonal and situational skills. The results show that learning systems that are based on individual learning and tutorial did provide graduates with soft skills. Graduates and stakeholders perceived interpersonal skills as fair. In general, soft skills required at work were time management, self-confidence, problem solving, creativity and team-work.
Richardson, R. M.
One could argue from a business prospective that colleges and universities are not working hard enough to train students for life in the business and civic world, at either the undergraduate or graduate levels. What is it that employers are looking for in students? How different are the skills and attributes employers are looking for between undergraduate and graduate students? How unique are the geosciences in this respect? At the undergraduate level recruiters have spoken loud and clear about what they want. According to the dean of the business school here at the University of Arizona, recruiters at the undergraduate degree level in business base less than half of their hiring decision on specific content knowledge in the discipline, and correspondingly more than half on the so-called soft skills ... ability to apply knowledge in new situations, ability to think critically, ability to communicate with others in both written and oral forms, ability to work in teams, ability to work with a diverse set of employees and customers (especially, but not limited to, the global job market), etc. How true is this at the graduate level, where students have typically spent 4-6 years specializing in a discipline? Is there a set of fundamental knowledge that employers are looking for at the graduate level? Are the so-called soft skills correspondingly less important? I will present results from a survey of graduate programs and industry recruiters addressing these questions, and highlight the areas of overlap and difference between undergraduates and graduates looking for jobs. I will concentrate specifically on jobs in the oil industry and on both masters and Ph.D. programs.
Coulter, Kyle Jane, Ed.; Stanton, Marge, Ed.
Information on the current and projected supply of and demand for graduates of higher education in the food and agricultural sciences is presented, based on federal data bases. The supply data are aggregated by 11 educational clusters, and employment demand data are aggregated by eight occupational clusters. Analysis reveals imbalances in the
O'Brian, Benjamin H.
A study examined the perceptions of employers in the aircraft maintenance industry regarding the effectiveness of recent graduates of Federal Aeronautics Administration (FAA)-approved maintenance schools. Of the 100 employers who were contacted, 68 returned usable surveys. Based on responses, it was concluded that the views of employers in the
The article discusses the concepts of federation and empire in the context of the European Union (EU). Even if these two concepts are not usually contrasted to one another, the article shows that they refer to related type of polities. Furthermore, they can be used at a time because they shed light on different and complementary aspects of the European integration process. The article concludes that the EU is at the crossroads between federation and empire and may remain an imperial federation...
This Federal Environmental Inspection Handbook has been prepared by the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Guidance, RCRA/CERCLA Division (EH-231). It is designed to provide DOE personnel with an easily accessible compilation of the environmental inspection requirements under Federal environmental statutes which may impact DOE operations and activities. DOE personnel are reminded that this Handbook is intended to be used in concert with, and not as a substitute for, the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Federal Register (FR), and other applicable regulatory documents
Vocational training (VT) is a mandatory 12 month period for UK dental graduates after graduation. Graduates of Irish Dental Schools are eligible to enter the general dental service in Ireland or obtain an NHS performers list number in the UK immediately after qualification. Reports would suggest that some graduates of Irish Dental Schools are choosing to take part in VT in the UK and find the experience beneficial. This study aimed to record the uptake of VT amongst recent graduates from University College Cork and to document their experiences. It was designed to compare the attitudes and experiences of graduates of Irish Dental Schools who undertook VT compared with those who entered the general dental service.
Students' attitudes and approaches to problem solving in physics can profoundly influence their motivation to learn and development of expertise. We developed and validated an Attitudes and Approaches to Problem Solving survey by expanding the Attitudes towards Problem Solving survey of Marx and Cummings and administered it to physics graduate students. Comparison of their responses to the survey questions about problem solving in their own graduate level courses vs. problem solving in the introductory physics courses provides insight into their expertise in introductory and graduate level physics. The physics graduate students' responses to the survey questions were also compared with those of introductory physics and astronomy students and physics faculty. We find that, even for problem solving in introductory physics, graduate students' responses to some survey questions are less expert-like than those of the physics faculty. Comparison of survey responses of graduate students and introductory students for...
Full Text Available The labour market expects graduates with certain levels of competences, which reflect the quality of education. In this paper we present the results of the analyses of selected indicators concerning of the education quality obtained on the basis of answers of graduates of the University of Economics, Prague. The graduates were addressed four or five years after graduation within large REFLEX surveys realized in 2006 and 2010. We compare competence levels acquired by graduates with competence levels required by employers; both types of levels were evaluated by graduates. We investigate dependency, agreement and similarity of acquired and requiredcompetence levels by different coefficients and we compare their values in the 2006 and 2010 surveys.
James A. Ejiwale
Full Text Available Many graduates upon graduation from college or university find it difficult to get the job they planned to enter after they leave school. Employers are claiming that the new graduates are not equipped with the necessary skills required to work for them. Hence, they are not hirable. Obviously, it is easy to shift blame on academic for failing to prepare students with the necessary skills to be gainfully employed upon graduation. However, this is an issue that needs to be addressed jointly by all stakeholders involved in educating these potential college graduates while in school. This article addresses what skills gap is, some of its causes, and what to be done by students, educators and the industry to limit its effect on the future college graduates.
...FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION 16 CFR Part 306 Automotive Fuel Ratings Certification and Posting...issues final amendments to its Rule for Automotive Fuel Ratings, Certification and Posting...1\\ Federal Trade Commission: Automotive Fuel Ratings, Certification and...
Stephanie Mc Spirit
Full Text Available This study compares grade inflation rates among different ability students at a large, open admissions public University. Specifically, this study compares trends in graduating grade point average (GPA from 1983 to 1996 across low, typical and higher ability students. This study also tests other explanations for increases in graduating GPA. These other explanations are changes in 1 ACT score 2 gender 3 college major and 4 vocational programs. With these other explanations considered, regression results still report an inflationary trend in graduating GPA. Time, as measured by college entry year, is still a significant positive predictor of GPA. More directly, comparisons of regression coefficients reveal lower ability students as experiencing the highest rate of grade increase. Higher grade inflation rates among low aptitude students suggest that faculty might be using grades to encourage learning among marginal students.
Glennie, Elizabeth; Bonneau, Kara; vanDellen, Michelle; Dodge, Kenneth A.
Background/Context: Efforts to improve student achievement should increase graduation rates. However, work investigating the effects of student-level accountability has consistently demonstrated that increases in the standards for high school graduation are correlated with increases in dropout rates. The most favored explanation for this finding
Melinde, Coetzee; Kerith, Esterhuizen.
Full Text Available ORIENTATION: Youth unemployment in South Africa presents unique challenges to the young unemployed graduate and requires a range of psychological coping capacities from the young adult. RESEARCH PURPOSE: This study explored the relationship between the psychological career resources (as measured by [...] the Psychological Career Resources Inventory) and coping resources (as measured by the Coping Resources Inventory) of a sample of 196 young unemployed African graduates. MOTIVATION FOR STUDY: There is an increasing need for career counsellors and practitioners to explore the psychological attributes and career-related resources that young people employ or require to help them deal with the challenges posed by unemployment during the school-to-work transition phase of their lives. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A survey design and quantitative statistical procedures were used to achieve the research objective. Convenience sampling was used on a population of 500 unemployed graduate black people who attended a 12-week Work Readiness Programme (39% response rate). MAIN FINDINGS: Multiple regression analyses indicated that dimensions of psychological career resources contribute significantly to explaining the proportion of variance in the participants' coping resources scores. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The insights derived from the findings can be employed by career counsellors and practitioners to construct a more comprehensive career framework for the individual in the school-to-work transition phase. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: The findings add valuable new knowledge that can be used to inform career services concerned with guiding and counselling young graduates in the school-to-work transition phase.
Mukanga David; Namusisi Olivia; Gitta Sheba N; Pariyo George; Tshimanga Mufuta; Weaver Angela; Trostle Murray
Abstract Background The current shortage of human resources for health threatens the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. There is currently limited published evidence of health-related training programmes in Africa that have produced graduates, who remain and work in their countries after graduation. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that the majority of graduates of field epidemiology training programmes (FETPs) in Africa stay on to work in their home countries--many as valuab...
Drejer, Ina; Holm, Jacob Rubæk; Petersen, Karin Dam
University graduates are not evenly distributed geographically, and attraction and retention of university graduates is high on the agenda in many regional development strategies. In this paper we study the geographical mobility of a particular type of university graduates: medical doctors who specialize to become general practitioners (GPs). Access to medical services is included among the services important for ensuring the basics in a welfare society. The analysis is limited to general practi...
This paper discusses the employability of LIS graduates, its trend, and the skills needed to enhance employability. It is based on a study conducted on the employability of LIS graduates of the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda over a period of ten years. Findings show that employability of LIS graduates is nearly 100 %. Employability trends can be traced to changes in the nature of employers, salary and designation in recent years. Further, communication skills and IT skills are found ...
Blom, Andreas; Saeki, Hiroshi
Skill shortage remains one of the major constraints to continued growth of the Indian economy. This employer survey seeks to address this knowledge-gap by answering three questions: (i) Which skills do employers consider important when hiring new engineering graduates? (ii) How satisfied are employers with the skills of engineering graduates? and (iii) In which important skills are the engineers falling short? The results confirm a widespread dissatisfaction with the current graduates; 64 per...
Nevin, Christa R.; Westfall, Andrew O.; Rodriguez, J Martin; Dempsey, Donald M; Cherrington, Andrea; Roy, Brita; Patel, Mukesh; Willig, James H
Introduction The last decade has seen many changes in graduate medical education training in the USA, most notably the implementation of duty hour standards for residents by the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education. As educators are left to balance more limited time available between patient care and resident education, new methods to augment traditional graduate medical education are needed. Objectives To assess acceptance and use of a novel gamification-based medical knowledg...
Sean Murphy, Ph.D.; Cynthia Naughton, Pharm.D; Dan Friesner, Ph.D.
Purpose: This study examines the relationship between academic success and labor market outcomes among graduating pharmacy students. Unlike previous studies, this paper characterizes labor market outcome not only as an individuals starting salary, but also whether or not the student had a position secured at the time of graduation, whether or not a signing bonus was received, and the setting in which (s)he will practice. Methods: A standard exit survey was administered to graduating Doctor...
Al Shayeb, Abdulrahman Mohamed
There has been considerable debate over the past decades concerning the extent to which finance education has fulfilled employers' and graduates' expectations related to knowledge and skills needed in a changing and challenging business environment. This study seeks to examine whether there are significant differences in expectationsâ¦
Al Shayeb, Abdulrahman Mohamed
There has been considerable debate over the past decades concerning the extent to which finance education has fulfilled employers' and graduates' expectations related to knowledge and skills needed in a changing and challenging business environment. This study seeks to examine whether there are significant differences in expectations
Zhou, Yuchun; Frey, Christopher; Bang, Hyeyoung
When moving to a new environment, international graduate students faced a series of transitional difficulties which impact their behaviors and psychological well-being in learning. However, few studies have specifically addressed their experiences with academic adaptation. To understand these students' academic needs, this study explored the
The education and training of the workforce needed to assure global competitiveness of American industry in high technology areas, along with the proper role of various disciplines in that educational process, is currently being re-examined. Several academic areas in science and engineering have reported results from such studies that revealed several broad themes of educational need that span and cross the boundaries of science and engineering. They included greater attention to and the development of team-building skills, personal or interactive skills, creative ability, and a business or entrepreneurial where-with-all. We will report in this paper the results of a fall 2000 Department of Education FIPSE grant to implement changes in its graduate physics program to address these issues. The proposal goal was to produce next-generation physics graduate students that are trained to evaluate and overcome complex technical problems by their participation in courses emphasizing the commercialization of technology research. To produce next-generation physics graduates who have learned to work with their student colleagues for their mutual success in an industrial-like group setting. And finally, to produce graduates who can lead interdisciplinary groups in solving complex problems in their career field.
Questions and concerns of the experimental particle physics community are addressed in these categories: quality of research, independence, creativity, evaluation and recognition, and value in graduate education
Sun, YiFan; Pan, Kunfeng
We investigate the intercity migration of Chinese graduates from their hometowns to their work destinations. Motivated by the gravity model, which is a common tool for predicting human migration and movement, we introduce a new model that considers the following three factors: economy, administration and study location. The resulting model can predict the migration flux of graduates in good agreement with the observed flux. The prediction results for the migration flux of graduates with different degree levels and the discrepancies among these graduates, with respect to the dependence of the flux on the three factors in the model, are obtained.
Patterson, Brandon J.; Garza, Oscar W.; Witry, Matthew J.; Chang, Elizabeth H.; Letendre, Donald E.; Trewet, CoraLynn B.
Objective. To develop and implement a flexible-credit elective course to empower student pharmacists to develop lifelong leadership skills and provide teaching practice opportunities for graduate students.
We investigate the intercity migration of Chinese graduates from their hometowns to their work destinations. Motivated by the gravity model, which is a common tool for predicting human migration and movement, we introduce a new model that considers the following three factors: economy, administration and study location. The resulting model can predict the migration flux of graduates in good agreement with the observed flux. The prediction results for the migration flux of graduates with different degree levels and the discrepancies among these graduates, with respect to the dependence of the flux on the three factors in the model, are obtained. (paper)
Oplæg om forskelle og ligheder mellem integrated og federated search i bibliotekskontekst. Holdt ved temadag om "Integrated Search - samsøgning i alle kilder" på Danmarks Biblioteksskole den 22. januar 2009.......Oplæg om forskelle og ligheder mellem integrated og federated search i bibliotekskontekst. Holdt ved temadag om "Integrated Search - samsøgning i alle kilder" på Danmarks Biblioteksskole den 22. januar 2009....
Full Text Available Objectives This usability study was developed to observe faculty and graduate students reactions to a recent redesign of the University of Kansas (KU Libraries website. The redesign included new navigational features, introduction of a federated search tool, a quick search box on the front page, and research subject pages. The study also provided the opportunity to observe the practices of faculty and graduate students in locating and retrieving information on the Libraries website.Methods Ten participants (five faculty and five graduate students representing diverse disciplines were solicited for the study. Participants were required to access the Libraries website to answer a series of questions regarding new and updated features of the website. Observational analysis using Morae software was conducted and interviews with each participant provided details of their opinions on how these new features would influence their research and teaching activities.Results Most of the participants either did not notice or ignored the major website changes. Links to and locations of commonly used resources (e.g. catalogue; databases; e?journals had been changed minimally, and the faculty and graduate student participants gravitated to those familiar features to complete tasks. Prior to the study, participants had not accessed the new discovery tools; however, once previewed, responses to the tools utility were generally favourable. After using the federated search tool on a familiar topic, several participants noted that, when directed to databases they had not previously considered, they were able to locate citations they had missed in the past. Observers noted pitfalls in navigating the site such as inconsistent underscoring of links, ambiguous terminology, and unclear icons meant to expand subject heading lists. Unexpected searching behaviours were observed, including inconsistent and lack of conceptual understanding in searching for e?journal content.Conclusions This study provides evidence regarding the usability of a library website with a population already familiar with library resources. It demonstrated that faculty and graduate students are not interested in experimenting with new discovery tools but are amenable to their potential value to undergraduate students. The recent trend toward minimizing content and links on websites satisfies this population, one which is already comfortable with the basic attributes of a librarys website.
Shabir Ahmad Ganaie
Purpose: The aim of the study is to investigate the course structure in the curriculum of Library and Information Science (LIS) schools in Northern part of India at graduate level.Design/methodology/approach: Questionnaire was designed to get the data from the institutions. When response rate was low, curriculum prevailing in the institutions was either downloaded from their respective websites or a hardcopy was collected from the departments personally. Thirteen institutions are included in ...
Smith, A M; Pierce, J; Ray, L U; Murrin, P A
To assess the effect of California's graduated driver's license (GDL) law in San Diego County, we compared motor vehicle crash and passenger injury rates involving 16-year-old drivers for 1999 and 2000, the first two years of the law, against 1997, using data from a statewide database of all injury crashes. While the crash rate per 1,000 drivers did not change following GDL, a significant decline in the percentage of 16-year-olds with a driver's license corresponded with large decreases in population-based crash and injury rates. PMID:12214363
Groat, C. G.
Concern about the decreasing number of students entering undergraduate geoscience programs has been chronic and, at times, acute over the past three decades. Despite dwindling populations of undergraduate majors, graduate programs have remained relatively robust, bolstered by international students. With Increasing competition for graduate students by universities in Europe, Japan, Australia, and some developing countries, and with procedural challenges faced by international students seeking entry into the United States and its universities, this supply source is threatened. For corporations operating on a global scale, the opportunity to employ students from and trained in the regions in which they operate is generally a plus. For U.S. universities that have traditionally supplied this workforce, the changing situation poses challenges, but also opportunities for creative international partnerships. Federal government science agencies face more challenges than opportunities in meeting workforce needs under both present and changing education conditions. Restrictions on hiring non-U.S. citizens into the permanent workforce have been a long-standing issue for federal agencies. Exceptions are granted only where they can document the absence of eligible U.S.-citizen candidates. The U.S. Geological Survey has been successful in doing this in its Mendenhall Postdoctoral Research Fellowship Program, but there has been no solution to the broader limitation. Under current and forecast workforce recruitment conditions, creativity, such as that evidenced by the Mendenhall program,will be necessary if federal agencies are to draw from the increasingly international geoscience talent pool. With fewer U.S. citizens in U.S. geoscience graduate programs and a growing number of advanced-degreed scientists coming from universities outside the U.S., the need for changes in federal hiring policies is heightened. The near-term liklihood of this is low and combined with the decline in appeal of the U.S. as a friendly workplace for international scientists, government agencies, universities, and the private sector face geoscience workforce challenges that will continue to grow.
Medicare program: changes to the hospital inpatient prospective payment systems and fiscal year 2009 rates; payments for graduate medical education in certain emergency situations; changes to disclosure of physician ownership in hospitals and physician self-referral rules; updates to the long-term care prospective payment system; updates to certain IPPS-excluded hospitals; and collection of information regarding financial relationships between hospitals. Final rules.
We are revising the Medicare hospital inpatient prospective payment systems (IPPS) for operating and capital related costs to implement changes arising from our continuing experience with these systems, and to implement certain provisions made by the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, the Medicare Improvements and Extension Act, Division B, Title I of the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006, the TMA, Abstinence Education, and QI Programs Extension Act of 2007, and the Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act of 2008. In addition, in the Addendum to this final rule, we describe the changes to the amounts and factors used to determine the rates for Medicare hospital inpatient services for operating costs and capital-related costs. These changes are generally applicable to discharges occurring on or after October 1, 2008. We also are setting forth the update to the rate-of-increase limits for certain hospitals and hospital units excluded from the IPPS that are paid on a reasonable cost basis subject to these limits. The updated rate-of-increase limits are effective for cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2008. In addition to the changes for hospitals paid under the IPPS, this document contains revisions to the patient classifications and relative weights used under the long-term care hospital prospective payment system (LTCH PPS). This document also contains policy changes relating to the requirements for furnishing hospital emergency services under the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act of 1986 (EMTALA). In this document, we are responding to public comments and finalizing the policies contained in two interim final rules relating to payments for Medicare graduate medical education to affiliated teaching hospitals in certain emergency situations. We are revising the regulatory requirements relating to disclosure to patients of physician ownership or investment interests in hospitals and responding to public comments on a collection of information regarding financial relationships between hospitals and physicians. In addition, we are responding to public comments on proposals made in two separate rulemakings related to policies on physician self-referrals and finalizing these policies. PMID:18956499
Employment Survey of 1985 Graduates of Ontario Universities. Summary Report. Research Brief = Enquete sur la Situation Professionnelle des Diplomes de 1985 des Universites de l'Ontario. Rapport Sommaire. Recherche en Bref.
Denton, Margaret A.; And Others
Results of a survey of 1985 graduates from Ontario, Canada, universities are presented in English and French. A total of 36,315 questionnaires were mailed, and the response rate was 56.9%. Information was collected on demographic and background characteristics of the graduates, degree level, major, type of program, decisions for further education,
Mironos, Alexei A; Bednyi, Boris I; Ostapenko, Larisa A
An analysis is presented of the employment of PhD program graduates of the State University of Nizhni Novgorod, one of Russia's leading universities, from 2009 to 2013. We have studied the features of the career paths of graduates in different disciplines who specialized in natural sciences, social sciences and humanities. The lines of research are proposed for the further study of the issues of highly intellectual labor market development in Russia and employment of PhD program graduates. PMID:26069873
Mironos, Alexei A; Bednyi, Boris I; Ostapenko, Larisa A
An analysis is presented of the employment of PhD program graduates of the State University of Nizhni Novgorod, one of Russias leading universities, from 2009 to 2013. We have studied the features of the career paths of graduates in different disciplines who specialized in natural sciences, social sciences and humanities. The lines of research are proposed for the further study of the issues of highly intellectual labor market development in Russia and employment of PhD program graduates.
Markowitz, Dina G.; DuPré, Michael J.
The University of Rochester's Graduate Experience in Science Education (GESE) course familiarizes biomedical science graduate students interested in pursuing academic career tracks with a fundamental understanding of some of the theory, principles, and concepts of science education. This one-semester elective course provides graduate students with practical teaching and communication skills to help them better relate science content to, and increase their confidence in, their own teaching abi...
Office of Personnel Management This raw data set provides Federal civilian employee population data. The scope of this raw data set includes all data elements used in the creation of the FedScope...
Cobb, K. A.; Brown, G. A.; Hammond, R. H.; Mossop, L. H.
Introduction Outcomes-based education has been the core of the curriculum strategy of the Nottingham School of Veterinary Medicine and Science (SVMS) since its inception in 2006. As part of the ongoing curriculum evaluation, the first two graduating cohorts were invited to provide an appraisal of their preparation by the SVMS curriculum for their role in clinical practice. This paper provides brief accounts of the SVMS curriculum model, the development of the evaluation instrument and the findings of the alumni survey. Materials and Methods The evaluation instrument contained 25 attributes expected of SVMS graduates. Alumni rated their preparation for practice in relation to each attribute. Results The four highest rated characteristics were compassion for animals and the application of ethics to animal welfare; communication skills; recognising own limitations and seeking help and advice where needed and clinical examination skills. The four lowest rated were clinical case management and therapeutic strategies; dealing with veterinary public health and zoonotic issues; knowledge of current veterinary legislation and dealing with emergency and critical care cases. Free text responses were in line with these quantitative findings. Conclusion The results indicate that this sample of SVMS graduates were satisfied with their undergraduate education and felt well prepared for their role in clinical practice. PMID:26392910
Oam, Col McCowan; Wyganowska, Joanna
University student outcome data in Australia is collected via the "Graduate Destination Survey" component of the "Australian Graduate Survey" at the referent date three months post-graduation. This timeline gives consideration to graduates to enter directly into traditional vocations. For graduates from non-traditional areas and/or withâ¦
Oam, Col McCowan; Wyganowska, Joanna
University student outcome data in Australia is collected via the "Graduate Destination Survey" component of the "Australian Graduate Survey" at the referent date three months post-graduation. This timeline gives consideration to graduates to enter directly into traditional vocations. For graduates from non-traditional areas and/or with
Full Text Available Abstract Background The current shortage of human resources for health threatens the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. There is currently limited published evidence of health-related training programmes in Africa that have produced graduates, who remain and work in their countries after graduation. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that the majority of graduates of field epidemiology training programmes (FETPs in Africa stay on to work in their home countries--many as valuable resources to overstretched health systems. Methods Alumni data from African FETPs were reviewed in order to establish graduate retention. Retention was defined as a graduate staying and working in their home country for at least 3 years after graduation. African FETPs are located in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe. However, this paper only includes the Uganda and Zimbabwe FETPs, as all the others are recent programmes. Results This review shows that enrolment increased over the years, and that there is high graduate retention, with 85.1% (223/261 of graduates working within country of training; most working with Ministries of Health (46.2%; 105/261 and non-governmental organizations (17.5%; 40/261. Retention of graduates with a medical undergraduate degree was higher (Zimbabwe 80% [36/83]; Uganda 90.6% [125/178] than for those with other undergraduate qualifications (Zimbabwe 71.1% [27/83]; Uganda 87.5% [35/178]. Conclusions African FETPs have unique features which may explain their high retention of graduates. These include: programme ownership by ministries of health and local universities; well defined career paths; competence-based training coupled with a focus on field practice during training; awarding degrees upon completion; extensive training and research opportunities made available to graduates; and the social capital acquired during training.
Dr. Michael G. Finn
Study of the stay rate in the United States of foreign nationals receiving their S/E doctorates from U.S. universities. This study has estimated stay rates in 2007 for persons receiving a doctorate one, two, five, and ten years previously. The two-year stay rate (for 2005 graduates) recovered from the decline experienced earlier in the decade. The five-year stay rate (for 2002 graduates) is lower; the ten-year stay rate (for 1997 graduates) reached a new high.
Ferguson, Susan A.
Examines the risk factors underlying the high crash rates of newly licensed drivers and assesses the extent to which existing graduated driver-licensing programs address these risks. Discusses such risks as driver fatigue, not using seat belts, high speeds, high-powered vehicles, and in-vehicle distractions. (Contains 66 references.) (AUTHOR/WFA)
A total of 52 Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) protocols, administered by graduate students were examined to obtain data on the type and frequency of examiner errors, the impact of errors on resultant test scores as well as improvement rate over the course of two years in training. Findings were consistent with
Mark A. Eiteman
This report describes the accomplishments of the University of Georgia in establishing an academic program geared toward the emerging biobased products industry. By virtue of its strengths and structure, the University of Georgia is particularly well-suited for developing a program focused on plant- and microbial-based bioproducts, and it was in this general area that this program was developed. The program had several unique characteristics. First, we implemented a distinguished lecture series that brought outstanding scientists and engineers to our University to interact with students and share their vision of the biobased economy. Second, we offered industrially-oriented and multidisciplinary courses that provided students with a broad background on various facets of biobased business and technology. Third, we provided the students with opportunities to expand beyond the classroom by engaging in research lab rotations and industrial internships. Fourth, each student was engaged in a creative research project as led by a multidisciplinary faculty team. Throughout the implementation of these activities, we maintained a student-centered, mentoring approach to education. The most tangible outcome of this project was the graduation of two students who participated in a variety of scholarly activities, culminating in research toward the completion of a thesis and dissertation. Both research projects involved the use of microorganisms to produce industrial products from agricultural substrates via fermentation processes. The research advanced our understanding of microorganisms as used for industrial processes and products, as described in several articles published in scholarly journals and presentations made at scientific conferences (see information on pp. 14-15). Another outcome is one graduate course, Fermentation Engineering Laboratory, which is a unique experiential and multidisciplinary course. This course will be offered in the future as an elective to graduate students in several engineering and science degree programs. Other significant developments have arisen as direct or indirect consequences of this project. The University of Georgia has established a B.S. Biochemical Engineering degree and an M.S. Biochemical Engineering degree. A strong component of these degree programs is education toward a biobased economy. We will integrate particularly positive components of this project (such as the distinguished lecture series) into these degree programs. The University of Georgia is establishing a Center for Biorefining and Carbon Cycling. This multidisciplinary Center houses a pilot scale biorefinery, comprising a pyrolysis unit and an ethanol plant. Together with new faculty positions that are currently being advertised, this project has encouraged the University of Georgia to assume a leadership role in the preparation of students in the biobased industries of the future.
Dary, David A.
The purposes of this study were to determine the extent and type of placement services provided by colleges and universities offering curricula in broadcast journalism, to determine the number of broadcast journalism graduates during the period 1971 to 1974, and to determine how many of these graduates were placed in professional positions upon
Rayle, Andrea Dixon; Bordes, Veronica; Zapata, Angela; Arredondo, Patricia; Rutter, Marie-Christine; Howard, Christina
This exploratory study focused on the mentoring experiences of women faculty members and graduate students within a counseling psychology graduate program. Results from semi-structured interviews and focus groups identified the women's contextual mentoring experiences in higher education and highlighted several factors that contribute to
McQuarrie, Fiona A. E.
Explores differences in labor market experiences between male and female journalism graduates (from 1976, 1982, and 1986) in Canada. Investigates occupations entered after graduation, income, time spent in various labor market activities, and job and salary satisfaction. Finds minimal gender-based differences. (SR)
Liebling-Boccio, Dana E.; Jennings, Heather R.
Directors and coordinators (n = 75) of graduate programs in school psychology approved by the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) were surveyed regarding their training practices in suicide risk assessment. Respondents viewed the assessment of suicide risk as an important part of graduate instruction, and most believed that
Center on Education Policy, 2010
This paper provides information about Minnesota's Graduation Required Assessments for Diploma (GRAD), comprehensive proficiency assessments of the skills and knowledge in mathematics, reading, and writing that are necessary for graduation. The Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments, Series II, into which the GRAD tests are embedded, measure
Shostak, Sara; Girouard, Jennifer; Cunningham, David; Cadge, Wendy
This article describes a departmental initiative designed to integrate the teaching of graduate and undergraduate sociology through research methodology and the completion of actual research projects. The goal was to develop a multilevel team approach within which faculty, graduate students, and undergraduates would view their work as part of a
Lumadue, Richard T.
Graduate degrees prostitute the educational process when they are sold to consumers by unaccredited degree/diploma mills as being equivalent to legitimate, bona-fide degrees awarded by accredited graduate schools. This article carefully analyzes the serious problems of bogus degrees and their association with the religious higher education
Wisconsin State Board of Vocational, Technical, and Adult Education, Madison.
Each year, a follow-up study is conducted to gather data on the activities and perceptions of students approximately 6 months after their graduation from Wisconsin's Technical Colleges (WTC). Specifically, the survey seeks to identify the current activities of the WTC graduates, determine the extent to which current activities are related to the
Nair, Chenicheri Sid; Patil, Arun; Mertova, Patricie
Research on student-learning outcomes indicates that university graduates do not possess important skills required by employers, such as communication, decision-making, problem-solving, leadership, emotional intelligence, social ethics skills as well as the ability to work with people of different backgrounds. Today, engineering graduates are
Academic researchers are increasingly recognizing the potential of graduates to influence management decisions in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This paper focuses on a detailed qualitative study which looked at graduates who had obtained employment in SMEs in the East Anglia region of England. It examines the skills, competences and
Stewart, Jim; Knowles, Vanessa
Results of research into the graduate recruitment and selection practices of 30 British small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and the skills being sought by employers suggest that SMEs value transferable skills and that small employers expect an immediate contribution from graduate recruits. (JOW)
Bleimann, Robert L.; Smith, Lee W.
A summary of a study of optometry graduates conducted by the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry (ASCO) is provided. The data covered aspects of recently graduated O.D.s' experience in obtaining a state license, becoming established in practice, and their practice characteristics. (Author/MLW)
Pidgeon, Michelle; Archibald, Jo-ann; Hawkey, Colleen
The current Canadian landscape of graduate education has pockets of presence of Indigenous faculty, students, and staff. The reality is that all too often, Aboriginal graduate students are either among the few, or is the sole Aboriginal person in an entire faculty. They usually do not have mentorship or guidance from an Indigenous faculty member
Kernan, William; Bogart, Jane; Wheat, Mary E.
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report the perceived impact of various health concerns on the academic performance of health sciences graduate students. Design/methodology/approach: The American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment (ACHA-NCHA), a 58-item anonymous survey, was distributed to all graduate health
Greene, Ashley E.
The purpose of this sequential mixed methods study was to examine and determine the level of incivility in the workplace as a growing problem from the perceptional views of graduate students enrolled in accelerated degree programs for graduate studies in Business Administration, Criminal Justice Administration, Gerontology, Health Management, andâ¦
Al-Dajani, Haya; Dedoussis, Evangelos; Watson, Erika; Tzokas, Nikalaos
The benchmarking framework developed in this study is specifically designed for higher education institutions to consider when developing environments to encourage entrepreneurship among their students, graduates and staff. The objective of the study was to identify key success factors of Graduate Entrepreneurship Incubator Environments (GEIEs)â¦
Fleck, Christina; Mullins, Morell E.
Research on mentoring outcomes and characteristics of various types of mentoring programs in different settings is limited. The present study sampled 39 graduate students at a small Midwestern university to evaluate peer mentoring in a graduate school setting. Mentoring function and outcome relationships as well as program characteristics were
Corkern, Sheree M.; Parks, Sandra B.; Morgan, Mark I.
This article informs accounting educators and graduates about key issues in the accounting profession of today, which has entered a new age, and accounting educators and advisors, old and new, must be informed about future prospects for students and make students aware of what they can expect as accounting graduates. Passing this knowledge to
A review of enrollments, graduates, and costs for Mozambique secondary technical schools and the results of a follow-up employment survey conducted at graduate reunion parties indicate low internal and external efficiency and high unit costs in the technical education system, particularly "basic" technical schools. Three possible types of policy
Bhattacharyya, Gautam; Bodner, George M.
Although one of the presumed aims of graduate training programs is to help students develop into practitioners of their chosen fields, very little is known about how this transition occurs. In the course of studying how graduate students learn to solve organic synthesis problems, we were able to identify some of the key factors in the epistemic
Stephens, Simon; Balan, Camelia Gabriela; Callaghan, Shaun
Purpose: The paper aims to explore the experience of graduates in the workplace. The aim is to study how these experiences differ from the expectations of the graduates and the aspirations of their academics. Design/methodology/approach: The research involved two phases: first, a survey was conducted of marketing academics. This survey examinedâ¦
Madaus, Joseph W.; Zhao, Jiarong; Ruban, Lilia
Because of its significant impact on overall life satisfaction, employment satisfaction is one marker for determining successful adult outcomes. The present investigation reports the perceptions of employment satisfaction for 500 graduates with learning disabilities from three postsecondary institutions. The graduates reported high levels of
Al-Dajani, Haya; Dedoussis, Evangelos; Watson, Erika; Tzokas, Nikalaos
The benchmarking framework developed in this study is specifically designed for higher education institutions to consider when developing environments to encourage entrepreneurship among their students, graduates and staff. The objective of the study was to identify key success factors of Graduate Entrepreneurship Incubator Environments (GEIEs)
Brinkman, Stacy N.; Hartsell-Gundy, Arianne A.
This paper outlines the case studies of two librarians who work closely with graduate students in fine arts programs. Realizing that graduate students can often experience a unique form of research anxiety, both librarians collaborated with faculty to embed themselves into the research methods courses of their programs. Both librarians found that
Blom, Andreas; Saeki, Hiroshi
Skill shortage remains one of the major constraints to continued growth of the Indian economy. This employer survey seeks to address this knowledge-gap by answering three questions: (i) Which skills do employers consider important when hiring new engineering graduates? (ii) How satisfied are employers with the skills of engineering graduates? and (iii) In which important skills are the eng...
Egbenta, Idu Robert
There is wide claim that employers have a high level of dissatisfaction associated with graduates from Nigeria higher institutions of learning. This paper examines whether graduates of estate management in Nigeria higher institutions have employability skills for productive employment. The study randomly sampled 59 principal partners or heads ofâ¦
Duranczyk, Irene M.; Franko, Jennifer; Osifuye, Shade'; Barton, Amy; Higbee, Jeanne L.
Mentoring and advising are critical aspects of the graduate student experience, and can have a significant impact on the professional lives of future postsecondary faculty and staff and a rippling effect throughout higher education and the global economy. This paper describes the process a new department undertook to create a graduate program that
Ko, Jang Wan
This study examines the retention of vocational education graduates in public higher education. Using 2,172 students who graduated vocational education programs in Area Vocational Technical Schools and enrolled as freshman (first-time young students) in public two-year and four-year colleges and universities in the 1996 fall semester, the author
Groen, Jeffrey A.; Jakubson, George H.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; Condie, Scott; Liu, Albert Y.
Doctoral programs in the humanities and related social sciences are characterized by high attrition and long times to degree. In 1991 the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation launched the Graduate Education Initiative (GEI) to improve the quality of graduate programs and in turn reduce attrition and shorten time-to-degree. Over a 10-year period, the
Mundfrom, Daniel J.; Shaw, Dale G.; Thomas, Ann; Young, Suzanne; Moore, Alan D.
This study addresses the question, "What should graduate students know about research and statistics after completing an initial course?" Individuals who teach such courses at various Carnegie classifications of institutions were surveyed about the specific characteristics of an introductory graduate research course at their own institutions to
Heafner, Tina L.; Petty, Teresa M.; Hartshorne, Richard
The University of North Carolina at Charlotte's College of Education offers a 100% online teacher licensure program. One component of the licensure program is the Graduate Internship, which involves the observation of graduate interns' teaching. With many current and potential students located in more remote areas of the state, the remote
Stephens, Simon; Balan, Camelia Gabriela; Callaghan, Shaun
Purpose: The paper aims to explore the experience of graduates in the workplace. The aim is to study how these experiences differ from the expectations of the graduates and the aspirations of their academics. Design/methodology/approach: The research involved two phases: first, a survey was conducted of marketing academics. This survey examined
Shaffer, Barbara A.
Graduate students are a significant segment in online instruction programs, yet little is known about how well they learn the necessary library research skills in this increasingly popular mode of distance learning. This pre- and posttest study and citation analysis examined learning and confidence among students in graduate education programs,
Ãzgurler, Safa; Cansaran, Arzu
The aim of this study is to explore the level of environmental literacy of the graduate students in Amasya University; their approach to environment and environmental issues; and to investigate their beliefs about the sustainable development. The sample of the study is 5 graduate students studying at Amasya University, 3 female and 2 male, inâ¦
Greene, Ashley E.
The purpose of this sequential mixed methods study was to examine and determine the level of incivility in the workplace as a growing problem from the perceptional views of graduate students enrolled in accelerated degree programs for graduate studies in Business Administration, Criminal Justice Administration, Gerontology, Health Management, and
Nolan, Ciara; Conway, Edel; Farrell, Tara; Monks, Kathy
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate hotel industry employers' expectations of, and satisfaction with, graduate competencies in comparison with graduate perceptions of what is required for their roles and their satisfaction with how well their education experience prepared them. Design/methodology/approach: The research involved a
Soliah, LuAnn; Walter, Janelle; Antosh, Deeanna
Obesity is a major public health epidemic in the United States. During the past decade, obesity has increased across all education levels, including college graduates. The purpose of this research was to study the health decisions that young women, post-college graduation make regarding their food intake. The subjects in this study completed a
Collins, Joshua C.
The purpose of this Writer's Forum is to share eight tips about writing for publication as a graduate student. These tips demonstrate writing for publication as an accessible reality for students. This Writer's Forum advances ideas, advice, and anecdotes focused on helping graduate students to see themselves as valued experts who are
Marshall, Zachary L.
With increasing external and internal pressure to increase retention and graduation rates in select colleges along with increasing numbers of college-going populations over time, student affairs professionals have responded with a variety of programs to support students' transition to college. This study sought to examine freshman students in science majors went on academic probation at the end of their first semester. If these students did not raise their GPAs quickly, they faced academic dismissal from the institution. Consequently, the institution would not be able to retain them, and ultimately, they would not graduate. Managerial professionals at the institution created, implemented, and evaluated an intervention in the form of a success course for these students to help get them back on track, retain them, and ultimately graduate from the institution. The literatures drawn upon for this study included retention theory, probationary student behaviors and attitudes, interventions, success courses, fear appeal theories, academic capitalism, and institutional isomorphism. The study employed tests including chi-square, logistic regressions, and differences-in-differences fixed effects regressions to identify the differences and effects on performance, persistence, and graduation rates of the treatment and comparison groups. The findings of this study showed significant differences between the persistence and graduation rates of the treatment and control groups, and regression effects showed a short-term causal effect on performance as well as significant likelihoods of persisting and graduating within four or five years. Recommendations for further improvements to interventions are discussed in the final chapter.
Describes all of the commercial and governmental micropublishers and the U.S. government documents now available in microform. A list is included of selected sources of Federal documents in microform. (CMV)
Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico â This map layer consists of federally owned or administered lands of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Only areas of 640 acres or more are...
Office of Personnel Management This raw data set provides Federal civilian employee population data. The scope of this raw data set includes all data elements used in the creation of the FedScope...
Office of Personnel Management â The Federal Ballpark E$timate(R) was developed by the Employee Benefit Research Institute(R) and its American Savings Education Council(R) (ASEC(R)) program. It is...
Since abstract algebra is so important to the study of advanced mathematics, it is critical that students have a firm grasp of its principles and underlying theories before moving on to further study. To accomplish this, they require a concise, accessible, user-friendly textbook that is both challenging and stimulating. A First Graduate Course in Abstract Algebra is just such a textbook.Divided into two sections, this book covers both the standard topics (groups, modules, rings, and vector spaces) associated with abstract algebra and more advanced topics such as Galois fields, noncommutative rings, group extensions, and Abelian groups. The author includes review material where needed instead of in a single chapter, giving convenient access with minimal page turning. He also provides ample examples, exercises, and problem sets to reinforce the material. This book illustrates the theory of finitely generated modules over principal ideal domains, discusses tensor products, and demonstrates the development of det...
Physics education research has consistently shown that students have higher learning outcomes when enrolled in interactive-engagement courses. Consequently, many schools are actively reforming their introductory curricula. For courses where the interactive sections (labs, tutorials, and/or workshops) are mostly taught by graduate student teaching assistants (TAs), good TAs are instrumental to the success of the reform. Many studies have investigated specific interactions between TAs and students, but more can be learned through a holistic examination of TA-student interactions. Over the course of one semester, I observed TAs in their various teaching roles using the Real-time Instructor Observation Tool (RIOT). These observations serve to show what TAs may "default to" with little to no intervention. I present a snapshot of a department in the early stages of reform and discuss the implications of my findings as they relate to the professional development of our TAs.
Kostis, John B; Ahmad, Busharat
Recent publications have expressed the view that there is a shortage of cardiologists and it is growing worse. Both an increasing demand and a diminishing supply of cardiologists have been projected. An increase in the number of international medical graduates (IMGs) who enter cardiology practice has been proposed as a remedy for a projected shortage. The IMGs have to overcome challenges including clinical practice, language proficiency, and cultural differences before they are incorporated into the fabric of U.S. cardiology. With hard work, perseverance, excellence,compassionate care and support and mentoring, many have contributed to scientific and clinical cardiology in the U.S. Whether in the absence of a present crisis the projected shortage of cardiologists necessitates change in U.S. immigration policy is an open question. PMID:15364315
Geller, Shulamit; Shadach, Eran
Teaching group therapy is an essential aspect of graduate studies within the helping professions. Existing models discuss four basic elements required for such training: experience, observation, supervised practice, and theory. The present paper offers a model for a group therapy seminar based on these four elements and organized along developmental concepts. Clinical observations of 120 psychology students who participated in the seminar were gathered over a five-year period. Teaching techniques included supervised observation, fish-bowl, one-way mirror, and a final paper integrating theory and practice. The seminar enabled students to practice and to theorize about group processes, both as participants and as co-leaders. Seminar outcomes and conclusions are discussed. PMID:26076206
Murphy, Nicholas A.; Freeland, Emily
Graduate employee unions represent a significant fraction of graduate employees in the United States, Canada, and other nations. The collective bargaining process is a unique forum where issues ranging from paid parental leave, hostile work environment, and access to lactation rooms can be addressed on an even footing with the employing universities. Because employment is governed by a collective bargaining agreement, violations are subject to a grievance policy. The Teaching Assistants' Association at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is one of the oldest graduate employee unions in the world. We discuss this example union, including successes in both the collective bargaining process and the grievance procedure. In particular, we find that graduate employee unions are an effective means of fighting pregnancy discrimination. We also provide a comparison of parental leave policies for graduate students at various universities.
Full Text Available This paper discusses the employability of LIS graduates, its trend, and the skills needed to enhance employability. It is based on a study conducted on the employability of LIS graduates of the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda over a period of ten years. Findings show that employability of LIS graduates is nearly 100 %. Employability trends can be traced to changes in the nature of employers, salary and designation in recent years. Further, communication skills and IT skills are found to be very indispensable employability skills that the LIS graduates should possess. This finding has implications towards regular revamping of LIS curriculum design in a way that would enable the LIS graduates to meet the expectations of changing information job market.
The liberalization of telecommunications and technological change have unbundled a vector of public interventions in this industry. Now different government levels interact. The economics of federalism shed light into this new landscape. The insights from this branch of research are used to analyze the European Union common telecommunications policy (as compared to the history of federal and state regulations in the US) and the role of local and regional powers in the promotion of broadband n...
...Staff Attendance at FERC Leadership Development Program Graduation/Induction...the following event: FERC Leadership Development Program Graduation/Induction...employees selected for the 2012 Leadership Development Program and graduate...
This article explores the influence of the rare book and manuscript repository on graduate student researchers in the humanities, through an examination of the graduate research fellowship program. Based on a comparison of residential research fellowship programs at twenty-three rare book and manuscript repositories, this article argues thatâ¦
Jusoh, Mazuki; Simun, Maimun; Chong, Siong Choy
Purpose: The aim of this research is to attempt to reveal the difference between what fresh graduates expect and their actual experiences pertaining to the working environment. Design/methodology/approach: Using a set of self-administered questionnaires, data were collected from 128 graduates. They were asked to indicate their preferences onâ¦