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1

The Rise and Fall of the Graduation Rate  

Science.gov (United States)

A college's graduation rate is such a basic consumer fact for would-be students these days that it's difficult to imagine that the federal government didn't even collect the information as recently as the early 1990s. If not for two former Olympic basketball players who made their way to Congress and wanted college athletes to know about their…

Selingo, Jeff

2012-01-01

2

Federal Reserve Rate Cuts  

Science.gov (United States)

This week's In the News chronicles recent Federal Reserve Board decisions to lower interest rates. The eleven resources discussed provide news, opinion, and consumer information on the FRB BOG action. Following the first US interest rate cut in three years on September 29, 1998, FED Chairman Alan Greenspan caught fire from Wall Street. "Traders were disappointed" in the mere quarter point drop, according to Time business reporter Bernard Baumohl, but "Greenspan will have to make do with the gratitude of the rest of the world." Although the DOW initially fell 54 points Tuesday, a second 0.25% cut to short-term interest rates on October 15, 1998 sent stocks soaring 330 points--the third largest one-day point gain in history. Analysts now hope that US investor optimism--coupled with IMF and World Bank action in Brazil, Russia, and Asia--will ease the world-wide economic crises.

Waters, Megan.

1998-01-01

3

The Relationship of High School Graduation Exams to Graduation Rates and SAT Scores  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examined the effect of high school graduation exams on states' graduation rates, states' aggregated SAT scores, and individual students' SAT scores. Three data sources were used: One source identified states requiring a standardized test for graduation; the NCES provided state aggregated data on graduation rates for the class of…

Marchant, Gregory J.; Paulson, Sharon E.

2005-01-01

4

High School Graduation Rates:Alternative Methods and Implications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The No Child Left Behind Act has brought great attention to the high school graduation rate as one of the mandatory accountability measures for public school systems. However, there is no consensus on how to calculate the high school graduation rate given the lack of longitudinal databases that track individual students. This study reviews literature on and practices in reporting high school graduation rates, compares graduation rate estimates yielded from alternative methods, and estimates discrepancies between alternative results at national, state, and state ethnic group levels. Despite the graduation rate method used, results indicate that high school graduation rates in the U.S. have been declining in recent years and that graduation rates for black and Hispanic students lag substantially behind those of white students. As to graduation rate method preferred, this study found no evidence that the conceptually more complex methods yield more accurate or valid graduation rate estimates than the simpler methods.

Jing Miao; Walt Haney

2004-01-01

5

The relationship of high school graduation exams to graduation rates and SAT scores.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The current study examined the effect of high school graduation exams on states' graduation rates, states' aggregated SAT scores, and individual students' SAT scores. Three data sources were used: One source identified states requiring a standardized test for graduation; the NCES provided state aggregated data on graduation rates for the class of 2002; and the College Board provided its 2001 SAT database for all test-takers. After controlling for students' demographic characteristics (e.g., race, family education and income, GPA and class rank), regression analyses revealed that states requiring graduation exams had lower graduation rates and lower SAT scores. Individually, students from states requiring a graduation exam performed more poorly on the SAT than did students from states not requiring an exam. The impact of high stakes tests' on students' motivation to stay in school and on the teaching of critical thinking skills (tested by the SAT) are discussed.

Gregory J. Marchant; Sharon E. Paulson

2005-01-01

6

THE AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION RATE: TRENDS AND LEVELS.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper applies a unified methodology to multiple data sets to estimate both the levels and trends in U.S. high school graduation rates. We establish that (a) the true rate is substantially lower than widely used measures; (b) it peaked in the early 1970s; (c) majority/minority differentials are substantial and have not converged for 35 years; (d) lower post-1970 rates are not solely due to increasing immigrant and minority populations; (e) our findings explain part of the slowdown in college attendance and rising college wage premiums; and (f) widening graduation differentials by gender help explain increasing male-female college attendance gaps.

Heckman JJ; Lafontaine PA

2010-05-01

7

Reinstating nursing administration graduate study in federal nurse traineeships.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In 1992, the federal guidelines for funding nurse traineeships were amended to exclude nurses who pursue advanced degrees in nursing administration. This legislation expires soon, and final drafting of new legislation will be completed during the summer of 1994. The author presents information to use in advocating for reinstatement of nursing administration students as potential recipients of federal nurse traineeship dollars for advanced education.

Kersbergen AL

1994-07-01

8

High Graduate Unemployment Rate and Taiwanese Undergraduate Education  

Science.gov (United States)

An expansion in higher education in combination with the recent global economic recession has resulted in a high college graduate unemployment rate in Taiwan. This study investigates how the high unemployment rate and financial constraints caused by economic cutbacks have shaped undergraduates' class choices, job needs, and future income…

Wu, Chih-Chun

2011-01-01

9

Nurse Educators' Leadership Styles and Nurse Graduates' Licensure Passage Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this quantitative correlational research study was to examine the relationship between leadership styles of community college nurse educators in Texas and licensure passage rates of nursing community college graduates in Texas. Surveys were conducted to obtain the nurse educators' demographic data. The Multifactor Leadership…

Miller, Dianna Bailey

2009-01-01

10

Rehabilitation Counseling Graduate Students' Preferences for Employment: Agreement between Actual and Perceived Job Tasks of State-Federal Vocational Rehabilitation Counselors  

Science.gov (United States)

A national study of rehabilitation counseling graduate students and state-federal rehabilitation counselors investigated whether there were differences between (a) what graduate students preferred to do upon graduation and what they believed vocational rehabilitation counselors did, (b) what graduate students preferred to do upon graduation and…

Lustig, Daniel C.; Strauser, David R.

2009-01-01

11

The mental health of graduate students at the Federal University of São Paulo: a preliminary report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We present data regarding the care provided to graduate level health professionals at the mental health center of the Federal University of São Paulo. From September 1996 to September 2003, 146 graduate students (99 in the Master's degree program and 47 in the Doctoral program) were attended. This population was predominantly female (68.5%), with a mean (± SD) age of 28.6 ± 4.42 years, not married (71.9%). Most of the subjects were professionals who had not graduated from the Federal University (78.1%). The students who sought help for psychological and/or psychiatric problems were classified into two categories: situational-adaptive crises and psychopathological crises. The main diagnoses were depression and anxiety disorders (44%) causing 4.5% of the subjects to be temporarily suspended from their graduate studies; 19.2% reported that they had used psychotropic drugs within the previous month, and 47.9% referred to sleep disturbances. Suicidal tendencies were mentioned by 18% of those interviewed. Students with emotional disturbances and academic dysfunctions should be recognized at an early stage, and it is fundamental for them to have access to mental health programs that provide formal, structured and confidential care. Thus, it is important that professors and advisors in graduate programs build a warm and affective learning environment. If we consider the expressive growth in Brazilian scientific production resulting from the implementation of an extensive national system of graduate education, it is important to focus efforts on enhancing and upgrading the mental health care system.

L.A. Nogueira-Martins; R. Fagnani Neto; P.C.M. Macedo; V.A. Cítero; J.J. Mari

2004-01-01

12

The mental health of graduate students at the Federal University of Sao Paulo: a preliminary report.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We present data regarding the care provided to graduate level health professionals at the mental health center of the Federal University of São Paulo. From September 1996 to September 2003, 146 graduate students (99 in the Master's degree program and 47 in the Doctoral program) were attended. This population was predominantly female (68.5%), with a mean (+/- SD) age of 28.6 +/- 4.42 years, not married (71.9%). Most of the subjects were professionals who had not graduated from the Federal University (78.1%). The students who sought help for psychological and/or psychiatric problems were classified into two categories: situational-adaptive crises and psychopathological crises. The main diagnoses were depression and anxiety disorders (44%) causing 4.5% of the subjects to be temporarily suspended from their graduate studies; 19.2% reported that they had used psychotropic drugs within the previous month, and 47.9% referred to sleep disturbances. Suicidal tendencies were mentioned by 18% of those interviewed. Students with emotional disturbances and academic dysfunctions should be recognized at an early stage, and it is fundamental for them to have access to mental health programs that provide formal, structured and confidential care. Thus, it is important that professors and advisors in graduate programs build a warm and affective learning environment. If we consider the expressive growth in Brazilian scientific production resulting from the implementation of an extensive national system of graduate education, it is important to focus efforts on enhancing and upgrading the mental health care system.

Nogueira-Martins LA; Fagnani Neto R; Macedo PC; Cítero VA; Mari JJ

2004-10-01

13

[ICNP Centre of the Federal University of Paraiba, Post-Graduate Program in Nursing].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The International Classification for Nursing Practice - ICNP is an official program of the International Council of Nurses - ICN. In 2003, the ICN began to develop and to test the idea of creation of ICNP Research and Development Centres, considered important elements to concentrate and disseminate new thinking and discussions that promote the advance of ICNP. In this work we focus on the meaning, possible organization forms, advantages and obligations of the ICNP Research and Development Centres; and describe the ICNP Centre of the Post-Graduate Program in Nursing of the Federal University of Paraíba, accredited by ICN in July of 2007.

Garcia TR; Nóbrega MM; Coler MS

2008-11-01

14

Predicting higher education graduation rates from institutional characteristics and resource allocation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study incorporated institutional characteristics (e.g., Carnegie type, selectivity) and resource allocations (e.g., instructional expenditures, student affairs expenditures) into a statistical model to predict undergraduate graduation rates. Instructional expenditures, library expenditures, and a number of institutional classification variables were significant predictors of graduation rates. Based on these results, recommendations as well as warranted cautions are included about allocating academic financial resources to optimize graduation rates

Florence A. Hamrick; John H. Schuh; Mack C. Shelley

2004-01-01

15

The American High School Graduation Rate: Trends and Levels. NBER Working Paper No. 13670  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper uses multiple data sources and a unified methodology to estimate the trends and levels of the U.S. high school graduation rate. Correcting for important biases that plague previous calculations, we establish that (1) the true high school graduation rate is substantially lower than the official rate issued by the National Center for…

Heckman, James J.; LaFontaine, Paul A.

2007-01-01

16

Using administrative data to estimate graduation rates: Challenges, Proposed solutions and their pitfalls.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In recent years there has been a renewed interest in understanding the levels and trends in high school graduation in the U.S. A big and influential literature has argued that the “true” high school graduation rate remains at an unsatisfactory level, and that the graduation rates for minorities (Blacks and Hispanics) are alarmingly low. In this paper we take a closer look at the different measures of high school graduation which have recently been proposed and which yield such low estimates of graduation rates. We argue that the nature of the variables in the Common Core of Data, the dataset maintained by the U.S. Department of Education that is the main source for all of the new measures, requires caution in calculating graduation rates, and the adjustments that have been proposed often impart significant downward bias to the estimates.

Joydeep Roy; Lawrence Mishel

2008-01-01

17

[The dissertations produced in the Graduate and Master's in Nursing Program at Universidade Federal do Parana].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This descriptive, retrospective documental study was performed with the objective to analyze the dissertations produced in the Graduate and Master's in Nursing Program at Universidade Federal do Paraná, considering the adjustment of its lines of research. To do this, a critical reading was performed of the abstracts and thematic analysis was used to look at the dissertations and their inclusion in the lines of research, as well as the methods, approaches, subjects, location and research techniques used. A total 64 abstracts were analyzed from dissertations that were available online. Of the analyzed productions most make a qualitative focus and use interviews. It was found that the dissertations are in line with the lines of research proposed in the Master's Degree in Program and their analysis can contribute to re-dimensioning pathways, research lines and studies that the program has developed.

Hammerschmidt KS; Mantovani Mde F; Labronici LM; Lenardt MH; Lacerda MR

2011-12-01

18

78 FR 5431 - Annual Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program AGENCY: Federal Student...2012, through June 30, 2013, for loans made under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program....

2013-01-25

19

Match rates into family medicine among regional medical campus graduates, 2007-2009.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Regional medical campuses (RMCs) are geographically separate from parent campuses, have administrative ties to deans' offices, and offer at least 4 third-year clerkships. This study sought to describe the match rates into family medicine for graduates of RMCs and non-RMCs. METHODS: The authors obtained the 2007 to 2009 match lists from schools participating in the Association of American Medical College's Group on Regional Medical Campuses. RMC match numbers for family medicine were subtracted from the total number of family medicine matched US seniors as published by the National Residency Match Program. The outcome of interest was the relative frequencies of RMC and non-RMC graduates matching into family medicine. RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2009, 261 graduates from 29 RMCs accounted for 8% of all family medicine matches. During the study period, the match rate into family medicine for RMC graduates was 80% higher than that of non-RMC graduates (14.2% vs 7.9% for all 3 years). In 2009, only 3 of the RMCs had family medicine match rates lower than that of non-RMCs (7.5%). CONCLUSIONS: The RMC match rate into family medicine was nearly twice that of non-RMCs. RMCs may play a role in addressing physician workforce imbalances.

Liaw W; Cheifetz C; Luangkhot S; Sheridan M; Bazemore A; Phillips RL

2012-11-01

20

Education and the Economy: Boosting Utah's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Education and the Economy: Boosting Virginia's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

22

Education and the Economy: Boosting Texas's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

23

Education and the Economy: Boosting West Virginia's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

24

Education and the Economy: Boosting North Dakota's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

25

Education and the Economy: Boosting the Nation's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

26

Education and the Economy: Boosting Washington's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

27

Education and the Economy: Boosting Oklahoma's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

28

Education and the Economy: Boosting North Carolina's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

29

Education and the Economy: Boosting Nebraska's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

30

Education and the Economy: Boosting Rhode Island's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

31

Education and the Economy: Boosting Wyoming's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

32

Education and the Economy: Boosting Wisconsin's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

33

Education and the Economy: Boosting Tennessee's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

34

Education and the Economy: Boosting Vermont's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

35

78 FR 59011 - Annual Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program on or After July 1, 2013...Student Aid announces the interest rates for loans made under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program on...

2013-09-25

36

Federal regulation of gas-pipeline rates, 1973-1982  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A study of all the rate case filings of major interstate natural gas pipeline companies with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission over a period of ten years, 1973 through 1982 is discussed. The focus is upon both the rate proposal emanating from the companies and the responses from the commission regarding such matters as overall rate of return, return on equity, capital structure, and recognition of risk premiums. An attempt is made to discern interrelationships between these significant factors in a rate case, emphases at any given time (on either side), and how (if) either the interrelationships or the emphases underwent perceptible and significant change. Some interesting conclusions are drawn.

Stich, R.S.; Smith, L.D.

1984-01-19

37

Actual Federal Reserve Policy Behavior and Interest Rate Rules  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

this article.If one finds a rule that seems to be a good approximation ofthe Federal Reserve's policy behavior, how should the residualsfrom the equation be interpreted? It is important to realize thatestimated interest rate rules in general are not optimal. If theFederal Reserve behaves by minimizing the expected value of aloss function subject to a model of the economy, its optimalrule depends on all the predetermined variables in the model.The coefficients in the optimal rule are a combination of thecoefficients in the loss function and the coefficients in themodel. In this case, any estimated rule is just an approximationof the optimal rule, where the approximation may or may notbe any good. If we assume that the Federal Reserve optimizes,then the actual values of the interest rate are the optimal values,so a residual for an estimated rule is the difference between thepredicted value from the rule and the optimal (actual) value.The residuals are "mistakes" made by the econometrician, notby the Federal Reserve. This line of reasoning is pursuedlater on.

Interest Rate Rules

38

Student and teaching characteristics related to ratings of instruction in medical sciences graduate programs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Although the validity of students' ratings of instruction has been documented, several student and course characteristics may be related to the ratings students give their instructors. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine student ratings obtained from the Universal Student Ratings of Instruction (USRI) instrument. These responses were compared to various student characteristics. Also, teaching characteristics that were most closely associated with the ratings were determined. METHOD: A total of 1738 USRI forms were completed by graduate students enrolled in medical science courses from 1999 to 2006 in the Faculty of Medicine at a Canadian university. RESULTS: Between group comparisons showed that negative student perceptions about the course (i.e., did not have the freedom to select), perceiving the course workload as high, and low grade expectations held were related to negative student ratings of overall quality of instruction. In terms of the student and teaching characteristics, organization of course material and perceptions of whether students felt they learned a lot in the course were most closely related to global ratings of instructional quality. CONCLUSION: Implications for teaching focus on improving the organization and delivery of course content that meets the learning objectives of graduate students in medical sciences.

Donnon T; Delver H; Beran T

2010-01-01

39

78 FR 53431 - Annual Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Notice of Interest Rates of Federal Student Loans Made Under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program Prior to July 1, 2013...2013, through June 30, 2014, for loans made under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program...

2013-08-29

40

[The graduate education project in the new federal German lands "Diabetics--Management in General Practice"  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Supported by the federal ministry of health, the Central Research Institute for Ambulatory Health Care in Germany organised postgraduate courses with the topic "How to take care of diabetic patients" in cooperation with the society of panel physicians. Contents and media of the postgraduate course were developed with the help of experts, a formative evaluation of the curriculum was carried out. In a consensus- and preparatory meeting, diabetologists discussed the medical objectives with experts and were trained under the guidance of educationalists (microteaching with video-monitoring aiming at improving teaching behaviour). Later on, 1315 physicians participated in 38 postgraduate courses. The experiences of this project can provide useful informations how to structure postgraduate medical education.

Jörgens V; Grüsser M; Flatten G

1995-08-01

 
 
 
 
41

[The graduate education project in the new federal German lands "Diabetics--Management in General Practice"].  

Science.gov (United States)

Supported by the federal ministry of health, the Central Research Institute for Ambulatory Health Care in Germany organised postgraduate courses with the topic "How to take care of diabetic patients" in cooperation with the society of panel physicians. Contents and media of the postgraduate course were developed with the help of experts, a formative evaluation of the curriculum was carried out. In a consensus- and preparatory meeting, diabetologists discussed the medical objectives with experts and were trained under the guidance of educationalists (microteaching with video-monitoring aiming at improving teaching behaviour). Later on, 1315 physicians participated in 38 postgraduate courses. The experiences of this project can provide useful informations how to structure postgraduate medical education. PMID:7571738

Jörgens, V; Grüsser, M; Flatten, G

1995-08-01

42

The Second-Rate Second Chance? A Comparison of the Fates of Mature Graduates in the Labour Market in Britain and Norway.  

Science.gov (United States)

In a Norwegian study, mature adult graduates had low rates of unemployment compared to traditional graduates, women were likely to have high-status jobs, and ageism was greater in the private sector. In Britain, mature graduates have higher unemployment, are excluded from better paying jobs, and are more commonly in the public sector, especially…

Gooderham, Paul; Dale, Mark

1995-01-01

43

Impact of Connecticut's graduated driver licensing system on teenage motor vehicle crash rates.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: In response to high rates of teen motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) many states have enacted graduated driver licensing (GDL) systems. GDL delays full licensure and allows beginners to obtain experience under lower risk conditions. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact over the past 10 years to determine its effect on teen MVCs. METHODS: Connecticut MVC data from 1999 to 2008 were analyzed. Percent change (1999 vs. 2008) in MVC rates per 10,000 registered drivers was calculated by age, gender, during the night restriction (11:00 pm and 5:00 am), and MVCs with passengers. Linear regression analysis estimated the decrease of MVC rates each year. RESULTS: The MVC rate decreased by 40% for 16-year-old and 30% for 17-year-old drivers. In comparison, rates among 18-year-old, 19-year-old, 25- to 29-year-old, and 30- to 59-year-old drivers were reduced by 16%, 7%, 8%, and 11%, respectively. The MVC rate for 20- to 24-year-old drivers increased by 1%. During nighttime restricted driving times, MVC rates decreased by 54% among 16-year-old and 49% among 17-year-old drivers. The MVC rate with passengers decreased by 65% for 16-year-old and 53% for 17-year-old drivers. In comparison, rates of nighttime and with passenger MVCs among older drivers were significantly less. CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of Connecticut's GDL system has resulted in significant reductions in MVC rates among novice drivers. This analysis provides a method for other states to examine the impact of their GDL system.

Rogers SC; Bentley GC; Campbell B; Borrup K; Saleheen H; Wang Z; Lapidus G

2011-11-01

44

The Effects of Performance Budgeting and Funding Programs on Graduation Rate in Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine whether states with performance budgeting and funding (PBF) programs had improved institutional performance of higher education over the five years (1997 through 2001) considered in this study. First Time in College (FTIC) graduation rate was used as the measure of institutional performance. In this study, the unit of analysis is institution level and the study population is all public four-or-more-year institutions in the United States. To test PBF program effectiveness, Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) growth analysis was applied. According to the HLM analysis, the growth of graduation rates in states with PBF programs was not greater than in states without PBF programs. The lack of growth in institutional graduation rates, however, does not mean that PBF programs failed to achieve their goals. Policy-makers are advised to sustain PBF programs long enough until such programs bear their fruits or are proven ineffective.

Jung-cheol Shinn; Sande Milton

2004-01-01

45

Graduated driver licensing for new drivers: effects of three states' policies on crash rates among teenagers.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Evidence is mixed on the effects of graduated driver licensing (GDL) on motor vehicle crashes involving drivers aged 18 years. PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of GDL on crashes involving drivers aged 18 years in three states: Maryland, where GDL applies to novice drivers of all ages, and Florida and Michigan, where GDL applies only to new drivers aged <18 years. In addition, this study sought to confirm positive effects of GDL among drivers aged 16 and 17 years. METHODS: Monthly rates for three levels of crash severity (fatal/disabling injury, nondisabling injury, and possible injury/property damage only [PDO]) for drivers aged 16, 17, and 18 years were calculated using crash records and census data. Data for Maryland spanned 1998 to 2009, for Florida 1990 to 2009, and Michigan 1992 to 2009. GDL's effects on teen driver crashes by age were estimated using time-series analyses, conducted in 2012. RESULTS: Crash rates for drivers aged 16 and 17 years declined in all three states following implementation or revision of GDL. For drivers aged 18 years, revision of an existing GDL law in Maryland was followed by a 6.9% decrease in possible-injury/PDO crashes; in Michigan, GDL implementation was followed by a 3.6% increase in possible-injury/PDO crashes; and in Florida, GDL had no effect. CONCLUSIONS: GDL led to expected declines in crash rates for drivers aged 16 and 17 years. However, the findings suggest that when GDL applies only to novice drivers aged <18 years, rather than to all novice drivers, crash rates among drivers aged 18 years may increase. In order to potentially extend the safety benefits of GDL, the age at which GDL for new drivers should be applied requires further attention.

Ehsani JP; Bingham CR; Shope JT

2013-07-01

46

75 FR 80350 - Federal Travel Regulation; Removal of Privately Owned Vehicle Rates; Privately Owned Automobile...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Federal Travel Regulation; Removal of Privately Owned Vehicle Rates; Privately Owned Automobile Mileage Reimbursement When Government Owned Automobiles Are Authorized; Miscellaneous Amendments; Correction AGENCY: Office of...

2010-12-22

47

Statistical Methods for Protecting Personally Identifiable Information in the Disclosure of Graduation Rates of First-Time, Full-Time Degree- or Certificate-Seeking Undergraduate Students by 2-Year Degree-Granting Institutions of Higher Education. Technical Brief. NCES 2012-151  

Science.gov (United States)

The Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008 (HEOA) requires that Title IV degree-granting institutions disclose annually the graduation rates of first-time, full-time degree- or certificate-seeking undergraduate students, disaggregated by gender, each major racial/ethnic subgroup, and receipt or non-receipt of a federal Pell grant or subsidized…

Chen, Xianglei; Bersudskaya, Vera; Cubarrubi, Archie

2011-01-01

48

The relationship between the federal funds rate and the Fed's federal funds rate target: is it open market or open mouth operations?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It is widely believed that the Fed controls the funds rate by altering the degree of pressure in the reserve market through open market operations when it changes its target for the federal funds rate. Recently, however, several economists have suggested that open market operations may not be necess...

Thornton, Daniel L.

49

[Work conditions and professional profiles of nutritionists who graduated from the Ouro Preto Federal University, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: 1994 - 2001].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The study presents the professional profiles and work conditions of nutritionists who graduated from the Ouro Preto Federal University, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in their various spheres of action. A quanti-qualitative approach was adopted through questionnaires completed by all professionals graduating from this University between 1994 and 2001 (N=356), in addition to semi-structured interviews with fourteen professionals selected from the universe of the respondents (n=90). An analysis of these questionnaires showed that 67% of them work with Clinical Nutrition, 44% with Collective Nutrition, 14% with Education Programs and 11% with Social Nutrition. Most (57%) of the respondents expressed the desire to remain in the field where they were working. Among those wishing to move into a different area, 44.5% work with Collective Nutrition. Despite clearly precarious employment links, Clinical Nutrition is the field with the largest number of professionals satisfied with their work conditions. The findings of this study explore the work conditions of a group of nutritionists for whom job stability is not always the main factor for professional satisfaction.

Rodrigues KM; Peres F; Waissmann W

2007-07-01

50

Factors related to progression and graduation rates for RN-to-bachelor of science in nursing programs: searching for realistic benchmarks.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Measurement and analysis of progression and graduation rates is a well-established activity in schools of nursing. Such rates are indices of program effectiveness and student success. The Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (2008), in its recently revised Standards for Accreditation of Baccalaureate and Graduate Degree Nursing Programs, specifically dictated that graduation rates (including discussion of entry points, timeframes) be calculated for each degree program. This context affects what is considered timely progression to graduation. If progression and graduation rates are critical outcomes, then schools must fully understand their measurement as well as interpretation of results. Because no national benchmarks for nursing student progression/graduation rates exist, schools try to set expectations that are realistic yet academically sound. RN-to-bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) students are a unique cohort of baccalaureate learners who need to be understood within their own learning context. The purposes of this study were to explore issues and processes of measuring progression and graduation rates in an RN-to-BSN population and to identify factors that facilitate/hinder their successful progression to work toward establishing benchmarks for success. Using data collected from 14 California schools of nursing with RN-to-BSN programs, RN-to-BSN students were identified as generally older, married, and going to school part-time while working and juggling family responsibilities. The study found much program variation in definition of terms and measures used to report progression and graduation rates. A literature review supported the use of terms such as attrition, retention, persistence, graduation, completion, and success rates, in an overlapping and sometimes synonymous fashion. Conceptual clarity and standardization of measurements are needed to allow comparisons and setting of realistic benchmarks. One of the most important factors identified in this study is the potentially prolonged RN-to-BSN timeline to graduation. This underlines the need to look beyond standardized educational norms for graduation rates and consider the realities of "persistence" by which these students are successful in completing their studies. It also raises the question of whether student success and program success/effectiveness are two separate measures or two separate events on one progression timeline. While clarifying our thinking about success in this population of students, the study raised many questions that warrant further research and debate.

Robertson S; Canary CW; Orr M; Herberg P; Rutledge DN

2010-03-01

51

Day-to-Day Monetary Policy and the Volatility of the Federal Funds Interest Rate  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We propose a model of the interbank money market with an explicit role for central bank intervention, and study how profit-maximizing behavior on the part of banks (facing periodic reserve requirements and daily shocks to liquidity) interacts with high-frequency interest rate targeting. The model delivers a number of predictions on the cyclical behavior of the federal funds rate's volatility and on its response to changes in target rates and changes in intervention procedures, such as those implemented by the Fed in 1994. We find theoretical results to be consistent with empirical patterns of interest rate volatility in the U.S. market for federal funds.

Leonardo Bartolini

52

Improving Forecasts of the Federal Funds Rate in a Policy Model  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

: Vector autoregression (VAR) models are widely used for policy analysis. Some authorscaution, however, that the forecast errors of the federal funds rate from such a VAR are large comparedto those from the federal funds futures market. From these findings, it is argued that the inaccuratefederal funds rate forecasts from VARs limit their usefulness as a tool for guiding policy decisions. In thispaper, we demonstrate that the poor forecast performance is largely eliminated if a Bayesian estimationtechnique is used instead of OLS. In particular, using two different data sets we show that the forecastsfrom the Bayesian VAR dominate the forecasts from OLS VAR models---even after imposing variousexact exclusion restrictions on lags and levels of the data.JEL classification: E44, C53Key words: forecasting, Bayesian vector autoregression, federal funds rateINTRODUCTIONThe application of Vector AutoRegression (VAR) models to policy analysis is extensive(see Christiano, Eichenba...

53

Need for guidance and controls on royalty rate reductions for federal coal leases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Secretary of the Interior has used his authority to reduce royalty rates on eight Federal coal leases - amounting to $12 million in reduced Federal revenues. Requests for royalty rate reductions were precipitated by recent legislative enactments and a 2-year departmental experiment that raised royalty rates on coal leases to significantly higher levels. Because the Secretary is authorized to readjust the royalty rates on 438 leases by 1990 more requests for royalty reductions are likely in the future. The Interior Department has not clearly defined its policy and procedures on royalty rate reductions. The approval process is inconsistent, and accounting and auditing expertise needed to evaluate reduction requests have not been used adequately. GAO recommends that Interior develop a more clearly defined policy and accompanying regulations on royalty rate reductions, determine when audits of applicants' financial statements are needed, and better use existing financial expertise in its evaluations of reduction requests.

1982-08-10

54

Possible effects of increased royalty rate for federal onshore oil and gas leases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Commission on Fiscal Accountability of the Nation's Energy Resources recently recommended increasing the current 12-1/2% onshore federal oil and gas royalty rate. By the year 2000, a 16-2/3% royalty rate for federal onshore noncompetitive oil and gas leases could be generating additional annual revenues of from $300 million to $1.2 billion. However, uncertainty surrounds these projections because of the assumptions involved in their preparation, and other factors that could influence their realization. Oil and gas leases negotiated in the private sector usually have a 12-1/2% royalty rate, but leases on state and Indian lands tend to have a higher rate. There is also some evidence of a trend toward higher rates. However, different leasing systems and provisions make a direct comparison difficult.

1982-09-03

55

Retail electric rates: drawing the line between federal and state authority under the Commerce Clause  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A review of the Commerce Clause explains the impact of recent Supreme Court decisions in their balancing approach to defining the jurisdiction of federal and state authority over retail electric rates. Although the Mississippi and Arkansas decisions blur the traditional distinction of authority, there remains a clear division in the wholesale-retail areas which the Court has yet to clarify. (DCK)

O' Neill, A.J.

1983-10-27

56

Do expenditures other than instructional expenditures affect graduation and persistence rates in American higher education?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Median instructional spending per full-time equivalent (FTE) student at American colleges and universities has grown at a slower rate the median spending per FTE in a number of other expenditure categories during the last two decades. We use institutional level panel data and a variety of econometri...

Webber, Douglas A.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.

57

[Stillbirth rates in the subjects of the Russian Federation in 2010].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The paper analyzes the 2010 Russian State Statistics Service data on stillbirth rates in the Russian Federation and its subjects. There was a steady decline in the mean stillbirth rate (from 6.8 to 4.67 per thousand) in the Russian Federation in 2000-2010. In 2010, the rate was low in 10 (12%) subjects, moderate in 42 (50.6%), and high in 31 (37.4%). The reduction in the proportion of intranatal stillbirth is naturally accompanied by the increase in its antenatal component. According to the data of the Russian State Statistics Service, the most common cause of stillbirth is intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia: 391.9 per 100,000 born alive and dead. The most frequent maternal cause was notified to be placental pathology: 209 per 100,000 born alive and dead.

Shchegolev AI; Pavlov KA; Dubova EA; Frolova OG

2013-03-01

58

An Analysis of the Entropy Index Diversity Scores of Selected North Carolina Urban High Schools and the Impact on Teacher Quality, Student Achievement, and Graduation Rates  

Science.gov (United States)

|The primary purpose of this study was to examine the differences in teacher quality, student achievement, and graduation rates among select North Carolina urban high schools based on their racial segregation when measured by the entropy index. The entropy index is a measure of evenness among racial groups used to determine the level of…

Taylor, Robert Pernell

2009-01-01

59

Why Deaf Pupils have Reduced Graduation Rates from Compulsory Education in Greece? An Investigation of Factors Related to Their Low Attainment  

Science.gov (United States)

The current article deals with the issue of increased dropouts of deaf pupils from compulsory education (primary and junior high school) and tries to map out plausible reasons according to what principals and teachers for the deaf say, which might account for these dropouts. Official statistics are employed to demonstrate reduced graduation rates

Korilaki, Panagiota

2009-01-01

60

The US stock market leads the federal funds rate and treasury bond yields.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Using a recently introduced method to quantify the time-varying lead-lag dependencies between pairs of economic time series (the thermal optimal path method), we test two fundamental tenets of the theory of fixed income: (i) the stock market variations and the yield changes should be anti-correlated; (ii) the change in central bank rates, as a proxy of the monetary policy of the central bank, should be a predictor of the future stock market direction. Using both monthly and weekly data, we found very similar lead-lag dependence between the S&P 500 stock market index and the yields of bonds inside two groups: bond yields of short-term maturities (Federal funds rate (FFR), 3M, 6M, 1Y, 2Y, and 3Y) and bond yields of long-term maturities (5Y, 7Y, 10Y, and 20Y). In all cases, we observe the opposite of (i) and (ii). First, the stock market and yields move in the same direction. Second, the stock market leads the yields, including especially the FFR. Moreover, we find that the short-term yields in the first group lead the long-term yields in the second group before the financial crisis that started in mid-2007 and the inverse relationship holds afterwards. These results suggest that the Federal Reserve is increasingly mindful of the stock market behavior, seen as key to the recovery and health of the economy. Long-term investors seem also to have been more reactive and mindful of the signals provided by the financial stock markets than the Federal Reserve itself after the start of the financial crisis. The lead of the S&P 500 stock market index over the bond yields of all maturities is confirmed by the traditional lagged cross-correlation analysis.

Guo K; Zhou WX; Cheng SW; Sornette D

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

The US stock market leads the federal funds rate and treasury bond yields.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using a recently introduced method to quantify the time-varying lead-lag dependencies between pairs of economic time series (the thermal optimal path method), we test two fundamental tenets of the theory of fixed income: (i) the stock market variations and the yield changes should be anti-correlated; (ii) the change in central bank rates, as a proxy of the monetary policy of the central bank, should be a predictor of the future stock market direction. Using both monthly and weekly data, we found very similar lead-lag dependence between the S&P 500 stock market index and the yields of bonds inside two groups: bond yields of short-term maturities (Federal funds rate (FFR), 3M, 6M, 1Y, 2Y, and 3Y) and bond yields of long-term maturities (5Y, 7Y, 10Y, and 20Y). In all cases, we observe the opposite of (i) and (ii). First, the stock market and yields move in the same direction. Second, the stock market leads the yields, including especially the FFR. Moreover, we find that the short-term yields in the first group lead the long-term yields in the second group before the financial crisis that started in mid-2007 and the inverse relationship holds afterwards. These results suggest that the Federal Reserve is increasingly mindful of the stock market behavior, seen as key to the recovery and health of the economy. Long-term investors seem also to have been more reactive and mindful of the signals provided by the financial stock markets than the Federal Reserve itself after the start of the financial crisis. The lead of the S&P 500 stock market index over the bond yields of all maturities is confirmed by the traditional lagged cross-correlation analysis. PMID:21857954

Guo, Kun; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Cheng, Si-Wei; Sornette, Didier

2011-08-10

62

Graduate education  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The author presents the crisis in graduate education with the universities producing more Ph.D.s than academic employers. Trends in the growth of graduate degrees for scientific, medical and engineering students and how the system is coping are examined. Several models are considered for dealing with the problems.

Bugliarello, G.

1995-12-31

63

A Comparison of Success Rates of the Graduates in the Internship Selection Examination for Medical Doctors (TUS) following Education with Integrated or Classical Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: We compared the success rates of medical faculty graduates in the Internship Selection Examination for Medical Doctors (TUS) following different education systems. Study Design: The study included Medicine Faculty students of Trakya University, who received education between 1987 and 1995, during which two different education systems, namely an integrated system and the classical system were implemented between 1987-1992 and 1993-1995, respectively. The place of our faculty was found according to the average Clinical Medicine and Basic Medicine scores of the graduates in the first TUS following their graduation and a comparison was made between the two systems. The effect of different education systems were assessed on the TUS scores. Results: Compared to the ÖYS placement, the students who were enroled in the integrated system obtained higher TUS scores in only three out of 12 examinations. However, TUS scores were higher than those of OYS placement in five out of six examinations in the students who received the classical system. Conclusion: The results show that the classical education system is associated with higher success rates in TUS scores.

Oguz TASKINALP; Recep MESUT

2002-01-01

64

Assertions of "future dangerousness" at federal capital sentencing: rates and correlates of subsequent prison misconduct and violence.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The federal prison disciplinary records of federal capital inmates (n=145) who were sentenced to life without possibility of release (LWOP) by plea bargain, pre-sentencing withdrawal of the death penalty, or jury determination were retrospectively reviewed (M=6.17 years post-admission). Disaggregated prevalence rates were inversely related to infraction severity: serious infraction =0.324, assaultive infraction =0.207, serious assault =0.09, assault with moderate injury =0.007, assault with major injuries or death =0.00. Frequency rates of misconduct were equivalent to other high-security federal inmates (n=18,561), regardless of infraction severity. Government assertions of "future dangerousness" as a nonstatutory aggravating factor were not predictive of prison misconduct. These findings inform federal capital risk assessments and have public policy implications for procedural reliability in death penalty prosecutions.

Cunningham MD; Reidy TJ; Sorensen JR

2008-02-01

65

Trident Technical College 1998 Graduate Follow-Up.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents the results of South Carolina's Trident Technical College's (TTC's) 1998 graduate follow-up survey report of 915 TTC graduates. Graduates were surveyed and results were obtained for the following items: graduate goals, employment, placement rates, graduates in related fields, when job were obtained, job finding methods, job locations, job…

Trident Technical Coll., Charleston, SC.

66

The US stock market leads the Federal funds rate and Treasury bond yields  

CERN Document Server

Using a recently introduced method to quantify the time varying lead-lag dependencies between pairs of economic time series (the thermal optimal path method), we test two fundamental tenets of the theory of fixed income: (i) the stock market variations and the yield changes should be anti-correlated; (ii) the change in central bank rates, as a proxy of the monetary policy of the central bank, should be a predictor of the future stock market direction. Using both monthly and weekly data, we found very similar lead-lag dependence between the S&P500 stock market index and the yields of bonds inside two groups: bond yields of short-term maturities (Federal funds rate (FFR), 3M, 6M, 1Y, 2Y, and 3Y) and bond yields of long-term maturities (5Y, 7Y, 10Y, and 20Y). In all cases, we observe the opposite of (i) and (ii). First, the stock market and yields move in the same direction. Second, the stock market leads the yields, including and especially the FFR. Moreover, we find that the short-term yields in the first ...

Guo, Kun; Cheng, Si-Wei; Sornette, Didier

2011-01-01

67

78 FR 58153 - Prevailing Rate Systems; North American Industry Classification System Based Federal Wage System...  

Science.gov (United States)

...North American Industry Classification System Based Federal Wage System...2007 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes currently...2007 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes used in...

2013-09-23

68

Performance in the MRCP(UK) Examination 2003–4: analysis of pass rates of UK graduates in relation to self-declared ethnicity and gender  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Male students and students from ethnic minorities have been reported to underperform in undergraduate medical examinations. We examined the effects of ethnicity and gender on pass rates in UK medical graduates sitting the Membership of the Royal Colleges of Physicians in the United Kingdom [MRCP(UK)] Examination in 2003–4. Methods Pass rates for each part of the examination were analysed for differences between graduate groupings based on self-declared ethnicity and gender. Results All candidates declared their gender, and 84–90% declared their ethnicity. In all three parts of the examination, white candidates performed better than other ethnic groups (P P P = 0.011), but not on clinical skills (P = 0.176). Analysis of overall average marks showed no interaction between candidate gender and the number of assessments made by female examiners (P = 0.151). Conclusion The cause of these differences is most likely to be multifactorial, but cannot be readily explained in terms of previous educational experience or differential performance on particular parts of the examination. Potential examiner prejudice, significant only in the cases where there were two non-white examiners and the candidate was non-white, might indicate different cultural interpretations of the judgements being made.

Dewhurst Neil G; McManus Chris; Mollon Jennifer; Dacre Jane E; Vale Allister J

2007-01-01

69

Injury rates and injury risk factors among federal bureau of investigation new agent trainees  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A one-year prospective examination of injury rates and injury risk factors was conducted in Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) new agent training. Methods Injury incidents were obtained from medical records and injury compensation forms. Potential injury risk factors were acquired from a lifestyle questionnaire and existing data at the FBI Academy. Results A total of 426 men and 105 women participated in the project. Thirty-five percent of men and 42% of women experienced one or more injuries during training. The injury incidence rate was 2.5 and 3.2 injuries/1,000 person-days for men and women, respectively (risk ratio (women/men) = 1.3, 95% confidence interval = 0.9-1.7). The activities most commonly associated with injuries (% of total) were defensive tactics training (58%), physical fitness training (20%), physical fitness testing (5%), and firearms training (3%). Among the men, higher injury risk was associated with older age, slower 300-meter sprint time, slower 1.5-mile run time, lower total points on the physical fitness test (PFT), lower self-rated physical activity, lower frequency of aerobic exercise, a prior upper or lower limb injury, and prior foot or knee pain that limited activity. Among the women higher injury risk was associated with slower 300-meter sprint time, slower 1.5-mile run time, lower total points on the PFT, and prior back pain that limited activity. Conclusion The results of this investigation supported those of a previous retrospective investigation emphasizing that lower fitness and self-reported pain limiting activity were associated with higher injury risk among FBI new agents.

Knapik Joseph J; Grier Tyson; Spiess Anita; Swedler David I; Hauret Keith G; Graham Bria; Yoder James; Jones Bruce H

2011-01-01

70

Injury rates and injury risk factors among Federal Bureau of Investigation new agent trainees.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: A one-year prospective examination of injury rates and injury risk factors was conducted in Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) new agent training. METHODS: Injury incidents were obtained from medical records and injury compensation forms. Potential injury risk factors were acquired from a lifestyle questionnaire and existing data at the FBI Academy. RESULTS: A total of 426 men and 105 women participated in the project. Thirty-five percent of men and 42% of women experienced one or more injuries during training. The injury incidence rate was 2.5 and 3.2 injuries/1,000 person-days for men and women, respectively (risk ratio (women/men) = 1.3, 95% confidence interval = 0.9-1.7). The activities most commonly associated with injuries (% of total) were defensive tactics training (58%), physical fitness training (20%), physical fitness testing (5%), and firearms training (3%). Among the men, higher injury risk was associated with older age, slower 300-meter sprint time, slower 1.5-mile run time, lower total points on the physical fitness test (PFT), lower self-rated physical activity, lower frequency of aerobic exercise, a prior upper or lower limb injury, and prior foot or knee pain that limited activity. Among the women higher injury risk was associated with slower 300-meter sprint time, slower 1.5-mile run time, lower total points on the PFT, and prior back pain that limited activity. CONCLUSION: The results of this investigation supported those of a previous retrospective investigation emphasizing that lower fitness and self-reported pain limiting activity were associated with higher injury risk among FBI new agents.

Knapik JJ; Grier T; Spiess A; Swedler DI; Hauret KG; Graham B; Yoder J; Jones BH

2011-01-01

71

Proposed changes in interest rate criteria and the amortization method for repayment of federal hydro-power investments  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Where review of government policies followed in charging interest on unrepaid investment (32% of total program cost) disclosed those interest rates were less than cost to the US Treasury to borrow funds to finance federal programs, IG recommended consideration of policy changes to recover interest costs on new project more closely to true costs, i.e., perhaps use of a weighted average over entire construction period. Also, a policy to amortize all unrepaid investments on a simultaneous basis should be developed. Comments are appended from the Assistant Secretary for Resource Applications, and from the Director of the Office of Power Regulation, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. (PSB)

1981-01-26

72

Programa de pós-graduação em enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria: trajetória e resultados/ Programa de postgrado en enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Santa María: trayectoria y resultados/ Graduate program in nursing at the Federal University of Santa Maria: trajectory and results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Estudo quantitativo, descritivo, exploratório, em base documental, tendo como objetivo relatar a história e trajetória do Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem (PPGENF) da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, de acordo com o panorama nacional. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de consultas a diferentes sites na internet e secretaria do PPGENF. O programa foi criado em 2006, sendo que, no primeiro triênio, houve uma ampliação no número de vagas e candidatos, e a (more) concentração das publicações ocorreu nos Qualis B1 e A2. Foram desenvolvidas ações, como rodas de conversa, seminários, jornadas e workshops, direcionadas ao fortalecimento do programa para a integração de docentes/discentes, acadêmicos e profissionais de Enfermagem. Este programa está contribuindo para a expansão e o fortalecimento da Enfermagem no Rio Grande do Sul, na medida em que seus egressos estão inseridos em instituições de ensino superior, em doutoramento ou, ainda, em instituições de saúde públicas e privadas. Abstract in spanish Estudio cuatitativo, descriptivo de registro, con base documental, cuyo objetivo es contar la trayectoria histórica del Programa de Postgrado en Enfermería (PPGENF) de la Universidad Federal de Santa María, de acuerdo a la escena nacional. Los datos fueron obtenidos a través de búsquedas en diferentes sites de internet y en la secretaría del PPGENF. El programa fue creado en 2006 y en el primer trienio hubo una amplitud en el número de vacantes y candidatos, y la c (more) oncentración de publicaciones fue en qualis B1 y A2. Fueron desarrolladas acciones tales como conversaciones, seminarios, jornadas y workshops direccionadas al mejoramiento del programa y consecuente integración de docentes/discentes, académico y profesionales de enfermería. Este programa contribuye a la expansión y al fortalecimiento de la enfermería en Rio Grande ya que sus egresados están insertados en instituciones de enseñanza superior, en doctoramiento o instituciones de salud pública y privada. Abstract in english A quantitative, descriptive, exploratory study based on documentation that aims to report the history of the Graduate Program in Nursing (PPGENF), Federal University of Santa Maria according to the national scenario. The data was collected through queries to different sites on the Internet and secretary of PPGENF. The program was created in 2006, and in the first triennium there has been an increase in the number of vacancies and candidates, and concentration of the publi (more) cations was given in qualis B1 and A2. Actions have been developed such as discussions, seminars, conferences and workshops aimed at strengthening the program and subsequent integration of faculty/student, academic and professional nursing. This program is contributing to the expansion and strengthening of nursing in the Rio Grande as its egresses are inserted in institutions of higher education, or PhD in health care public and private.

Linch, Graciele Fernanda da Costa; Ribeiro, Aline Cammarano; Guido, Laura de Azevedo

2013-03-01

73

Programa de pós-graduação em enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria: trajetória e resultados Programa de postgrado en enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Santa María: trayectoria y resultados Graduate program in nursing at the Federal University of Santa Maria: trajectory and results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Estudo quantitativo, descritivo, exploratório, em base documental, tendo como objetivo relatar a história e trajetória do Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem (PPGENF) da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, de acordo com o panorama nacional. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de consultas a diferentes sites na internet e secretaria do PPGENF. O programa foi criado em 2006, sendo que, no primeiro triênio, houve uma ampliação no número de vagas e candidatos, e a concentração das publicações ocorreu nos Qualis B1 e A2. Foram desenvolvidas ações, como rodas de conversa, seminários, jornadas e workshops, direcionadas ao fortalecimento do programa para a integração de docentes/discentes, acadêmicos e profissionais de Enfermagem. Este programa está contribuindo para a expansão e o fortalecimento da Enfermagem no Rio Grande do Sul, na medida em que seus egressos estão inseridos em instituições de ensino superior, em doutoramento ou, ainda, em instituições de saúde públicas e privadas.Estudio cuatitativo, descriptivo de registro, con base documental, cuyo objetivo es contar la trayectoria histórica del Programa de Postgrado en Enfermería (PPGENF) de la Universidad Federal de Santa María, de acuerdo a la escena nacional. Los datos fueron obtenidos a través de búsquedas en diferentes sites de internet y en la secretaría del PPGENF. El programa fue creado en 2006 y en el primer trienio hubo una amplitud en el número de vacantes y candidatos, y la concentración de publicaciones fue en qualis B1 y A2. Fueron desarrolladas acciones tales como conversaciones, seminarios, jornadas y workshops direccionadas al mejoramiento del programa y consecuente integración de docentes/discentes, académico y profesionales de enfermería. Este programa contribuye a la expansión y al fortalecimiento de la enfermería en Rio Grande ya que sus egresados están insertados en instituciones de enseñanza superior, en doctoramiento o instituciones de salud pública y privada.A quantitative, descriptive, exploratory study based on documentation that aims to report the history of the Graduate Program in Nursing (PPGENF), Federal University of Santa Maria according to the national scenario. The data was collected through queries to different sites on the Internet and secretary of PPGENF. The program was created in 2006, and in the first triennium there has been an increase in the number of vacancies and candidates, and concentration of the publications was given in qualis B1 and A2. Actions have been developed such as discussions, seminars, conferences and workshops aimed at strengthening the program and subsequent integration of faculty/student, academic and professional nursing. This program is contributing to the expansion and strengthening of nursing in the Rio Grande as its egresses are inserted in institutions of higher education, or PhD in health care public and private.

Graciele Fernanda da Costa Linch; Aline Cammarano Ribeiro; Laura de Azevedo Guido

2013-01-01

74

Trident Technical College 1999 Graduate Follow-Up Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents the results of South Carolina's Trident Technical College's (TTC's) 1999 graduate follow-up survey report. Graduates were surveyed and results were obtained for the following items: graduate goals, employment, placement rates, graduates in related fields, when job obtained, job finding methods, job locations, job satisfaction, job…

Trident Technical Coll., Charleston, SC.

75

Opiniões de docentes e de coordenadores acerca do fenômeno da evasão discente dos cursos de graduação da Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC) Opiniones de docentes y de coordinadores de cursos sobre el fenomeno de la deserción discente de los cursos de graduación de la Universidad Federal de Ceará (UFC) The opinions of teachers and coordinators concerning the phenomenon of student desistence from courses at graduate at the Federal University of Ceará (UFC)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O texto aborda o fenômeno da evasão discente em cursos de graduação da Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC, desde a perspectiva de docentes e de coordenadores. Após revisão da literatura e apresentação das investigações executadas por W. B. Andriola e colaboradores, são descritos dados obtidos com 52 docentes e 21 coordenadores de cursos de graduação da UFC. Os resultados atestam que a maioria dos coordenadores e dos docentes entrevistados tem opinião favorável ao resgate da função do professor orientador. Opinam também que cabe às coordenações fornecer informações pertinentes e relevantes a todos os potenciais candidatos aos cursos de graduação da UFC. Por fim, acrescentam que caberá ao gestor dar ênfase à melhoria da infra-estrutura física, com especial atenção às salas de aula e aos laboratórios.El texto aborda el fenómeno de la deserción discente de cursos de graduación de la Universidad Federal de Ceará (UFC), según la óptica de los docentes y de los coordinadores. Después de una breve revisión de la literatura y de la presentación de investigaciones llevadas a cabo por W. B. Andriola y colaboradores, son descriptos datos obtenidos con 52 docentes y 21 coordinadores de cursos de graduación de la UFC. Los resultados atestan que la mayoría de los coordinadores y de los docentes entrevistados tienen la opinión favorable al rescate de la función del profesor orientador. También creen que cabe a las coordinaciones fornecer informaciones pertinentes y relevantes a todos los potenciales candidatos a los cursos de graduación de la UFC. Finalmente, añaden que tocará al gestor dar relieve a la mejoría de la infraestructura física, con especial atención a las clases y a los laboratorios.This research studies the phenomenon of students desistence from courses at graduate level at the Federal University of Ceará - UFC, from the teachers and coordinators perspectives. Having made a revision of the literature available on the matter and the investigations carried out by W. B. Andriola and his assistents, this text offers data from 52 teachers and 21 coordinators of courses at graduate level at the UFC. The results show that the majority of the coordinators and the teachers who were interviewed had a favorable opinion for the function of a teacher tutor. They were also of the opinion that the coordinators are responsible to offer relevant and pertinent information to all candidates for graduate courses at the UFC. Finally, they felt that it up to the administrator to improve the physical infra-structure with special attention to the classrooms and the laboratories.

Wagner Bandeira Andriola; Cristiany Gomes Andriola; Cristiane Pascoal Moura

2006-01-01

76

Anotações históricas e conceituais sobre o programa de pós-graduação em Psicologia da cUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul/ Historical and Conceptual Notes about the Graduate Program in Psychology from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Instituições de Ensino Superior foram concebidas no Brasil no século XIX como centros de formação profissional, oferecendo cursos de graduação com pouca atenção à pesquisa. A formação em pesquisa começa a se desenvolver com a fundação da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior do Ministério da Educação (CAPES) em 1951 e, especialmente, após sua reestruturação em 1964. Os programas de pós-graduação em psicologia implantados e (more) ntre 1965 e 1980 enfrentaram dificuldades de inserção em suas instituições e de assumir um perfil coerente com a formação de pesquisadores e de docentes para o ensino superior. Mesmo assim contribuíram para na formação de doutores e para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa no Brasil. As características atuais foram se delineando na década de 1980, sendo incorporadas pelos novos programas, dentre eles, o Programa de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS). Este artigo reúne anotações sobre as condições fundadoras e os fundamentos que estão associadas à trajetória bem sucedida do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da UFRGS, descrevendo a história de sua implantação, seus fundamentos, seus princípios básicos e sua forma de funcionamento. Abstract in english Brazilian Institutions of Higher Education were conceived in Brazil in the 19th century as centers of professional training which offered undergraduate programs giving little attention to research. A systematic research training started in 1951 with the creation of CAPES, an agency of the Ministry of Education for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel, and it improved when the agency was restructured in 1964. The Graduate Programs in Psychology implemented between (more) 1965 and 1980 faced insertion difficulties in their institutions and had problems to present a profile which was consistent with the training of researchers and higher education faculty. Nevertheless, they made important contributions to doctorate training and research in Brazil. The current characteristics, designed in the 1980s, were incorporated by the new programs, among them, the Graduate Program in Psychology from the Federal University of Rio Grande Sul (UFRGS). This paper presents some considerations about the founding conditions and the fundamentals that are associated with the successful trajectory of the Graduate Program in Psychology from UFRGS and it describes the history of its foundation, its main principles and the way it is organized.

Gomes, William B; Hutz, Claudio

2010-01-01

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Papel do preceptor da atenção primária em saúde na formação da graduação e pós-graduação da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco: um termo de referência/ The primary health care preceptor in undergraduate and graduate training at Pernambuco Federal University: a reference term  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo principal deste artigo é apresentar uma orientação teórica e prática aos preceptores da atenção primária à saúde vinculados à Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Pressupõe a atenção primária à saúde como um cenário de prática para estudantes de diferentes graduações e pós-graduações com características próprias. Aborda aspectos importantes do processo ensino-aprendizagem no ambiente comunitário, articulando os diferentes atores deste, (more) entre os quais o conceito de conhecimento na atenção primária; a relação preceptor-estudante; a correlação teoria e prática; a avaliação processual; o ensino e a pesquisa no trabalho; a inserção político-social da aprendizagem; a interdisciplinaridade; o trabalho em equipe e a interinstitucionalidade na integração ensino-serviço. Por fim, propõe a reintegração do espaço da educação, da pesquisa e do trabalho. Abstract in english This article aims to present a theoretical and practical guideline to primary health care preceptors connected to the Pernambuco Federal University. Primary health care is presumed as a practical setting for students of different undergraduate and graduate courses, with their own characteristics. Important aspects of the teaching-learning process in the community are addressed, including the concept of knowledge in primary care; the preceptor-student relationship; theory- (more) practice correlation; procedural assessment; education and research at work; socio-political context of learning; interdisciplinarity; teamwork and cross-institutional service-learning integration. Finally, it proposes the reintegration of the learning, research and work space.

Barreto, Vitor Hugo Lima; Monteiro, Regina Onezifora da Silva; Magalhães, Gustavo Sérgio de Godoy; Almeida, Rodrigo Cariri Chalegre de; Souza, Lara Neves

2011-12-01

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Centro CIPE® do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da UFPB Centro ICNP® del Programa de Post-Grado en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraíba, Brasil ICNP® Centre of the Federal University of Paraíba, Post-Graduate Program in Nursing  

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Full Text Available A Classificação Internacional para a Prática de Enfermagem - CIPE® é um programa oficial do Conselho Internacional de Enfermagem CIE. Em 2003, o CIE começou a desenvolver e testar a idéia de criação de Centros de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento da CIPE®, considerados elementos importantes para concentrar e disseminar novas idéias e discussões que promovam o avanço da CIPE®. Neste trabalho focalizamos o significado, possíveis formas de organização, vantagens e obrigações dos Centros de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento da CIPE®; e descrevemos o Centro CIPE® do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, acreditado pelo CIE em julho de 2007.La Clasificación Internacional para la Práctica de Enfermería - ICNP® es un programa oficial del Consejo Internacional de Enfermeras - CIE. En 2003, el CIE empezó a desarrollar y probar la idea de creación de Centros de Investigación y Desarrollo de ICNP®, considerados elementos importantes para concentrar y diseminar nuevas ideas y discusiones que promovían el progreso de ICNP®. En este trabajo nosotros focalizamos el significado, posibles formas de organización, ventajas y obligaciones de los Centros de Investigación y Desarrollo de ICNP®; y describimos el Centro ICNP® del Programa de Postgrado en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraíba, acreditado por ICN en julio de 2007.The International Classification for Nursing Practice - ICNP® is an official program of the International Council of Nurses - ICN. In 2003, the ICN began to develop and to test the idea of creation of ICNP® Research and Development Centres, considered important elements to concentrate and disseminate new thinking and discussions that promote the advance of ICNP®. In this work we focus on the meaning, possible organization forms, advantages and obligations of the ICNP® Research and Development Centres; and describe the ICNP® Centre of the Post-Graduate Program in Nursing of the Federal University of Paraíba, accredited by ICN in July of 2007.

Telma Ribeiro Garcia; Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega; Marga Simon Coler

2008-01-01

79

Centro CIPE® do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da UFPB/ ICNP® Centre of the Federal University of Paraíba, Post-Graduate Program in Nursing/ Centro ICNP® del Programa de Post-Grado en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraíba, Brasil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A Classificação Internacional para a Prática de Enfermagem - CIPE® é um programa oficial do Conselho Internacional de Enfermagem CIE. Em 2003, o CIE começou a desenvolver e testar a idéia de criação de Centros de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento da CIPE®, considerados elementos importantes para concentrar e disseminar novas idéias e discussões que promovam o avanço da CIPE®. Neste trabalho focalizamos o significado, possíveis formas de organização, vantagens e (more) obrigações dos Centros de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento da CIPE®; e descrevemos o Centro CIPE® do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, acreditado pelo CIE em julho de 2007. Abstract in spanish La Clasificación Internacional para la Práctica de Enfermería - ICNP® es un programa oficial del Consejo Internacional de Enfermeras - CIE. En 2003, el CIE empezó a desarrollar y probar la idea de creación de Centros de Investigación y Desarrollo de ICNP®, considerados elementos importantes para concentrar y diseminar nuevas ideas y discusiones que promovían el progreso de ICNP®. En este trabajo nosotros focalizamos el significado, posibles formas de organizaci? (more) ?n, ventajas y obligaciones de los Centros de Investigación y Desarrollo de ICNP®; y describimos el Centro ICNP® del Programa de Postgrado en Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de Paraíba, acreditado por ICN en julio de 2007. Abstract in english The International Classification for Nursing Practice - ICNP® is an official program of the International Council of Nurses - ICN. In 2003, the ICN began to develop and to test the idea of creation of ICNP® Research and Development Centres, considered important elements to concentrate and disseminate new thinking and discussions that promote the advance of ICNP®. In this work we focus on the meaning, possible organization forms, advantages and obligations of the ICNP® (more) Research and Development Centres; and describe the ICNP® Centre of the Post-Graduate Program in Nursing of the Federal University of Paraíba, accredited by ICN in July of 2007.

Garcia, Telma Ribeiro; Nóbrega, Maria Miriam Lima da; Coler, Marga Simon

2008-12-01

80

Graduate Identity and Employability  

Science.gov (United States)

|This paper develops the concept of graduate identity as a way of deepening the understanding of graduate employability. It does this through presenting research in which over 100 employers in East Anglia were asked to record their perceptions of graduates in respect of their employability. The findings suggest a composite and complex graduate

Hinchliffe, Geoffrey William; Jolly, Adrienne

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Regional differences in acute stroke admission and thrombolysis rates in the German federal state of Hesse.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Using data from the mandatory quality assurance program for stroke care in Hesse, we analyze regional differences in thrombolysis rates and infer some ways in which care can be improved. METHODS: We identified 7707 patients with acute ischemic stroke who were admitted to hospital within 3 hours of symptom onset in 2007 and 2008, and we determined the local thrombolysis rate district by district. In order to exclude the possibility that the observed local differences in thrombolysis rates might be accounted for, in large part, by off-label thrombolysis procedures, we further narrowed down the subgroup of patients who underwent thrombolysis to the 1108 patients admitted within 2 hours of symptom onset. We also analyzed the local thrombolysis rates for patients who were primarily referred to stroke units. RESULTS: The overall thrombolysis rate among patients admitted within 3 hours of symptom onset was 19%, varying locally from 6% to 35%. Among patients admitted within 2 hours of symptom onset, the local thrombolysis rate ranged from 13% to 85%. Even in patients primarily referred to stroke units, the local thrombolysis rate ranged from 8% to 44% in the 3-hour group and from 16% to 62% in the 2-hour group. CONCLUSION: Local thrombolysis rates vary unexpectedly widely across the state of Hesse. The care of patients with acute stroke after they reach the hospital urgently needs critical reappraisal and improvement.

Stolz E; Hamann GF; Kaps M; Misselwitz B

2011-09-01

82

Nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: áreas de atuação, distribuição geográfica, índices de pós-graduação e de filiação aos órgãos de classe/ Nutrition graduates from Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: areas of performance, geographical distribution, indexes of postgraduate degree and of affiliation to class associations  

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Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Esta investigação teve como objetivo avaliar o perfil dos nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, no período de 1983 a 2000, buscando identificar as áreas e cidades de atuação profissional e os índices de realização de Pós-Graduação, bem como observar a filiação às entidades de classe. MÉTODOS: A metodologia consistiu na aplicação de um questionário auto-resposta, previamente testado, o qual foi remetido aos egressos (more) via Correios, endereços eletrônicos e fax. Para análise dos dados, foi utilizado o programa Microsoft Access. RESULTADOS: As áreas de atuação que mais absorvem este recurso profissional são Alimentação Coletiva (28,9%), Nutrição Clínica (27,0%), Ensino (20,7%), Saúde Pública (12,6%) e Outras (10,8%). Evidencia-se que 51,4% dos nutricionistas atuam no município de Florianópolis, 8,1% em Balneário Camboriú e 8,1% em Blumenau. A maioria dos egressos está filiada aos Conselhos Regionais de Nutricionistas e um grande contingente (84,7%) ao Conselho Regional de Nutricionistas da segunda região, mas vinculam-se à Associação Catarinense de Nutrição apenas 27,5% dos egressos. CONCLUSÃO: Esta investigação vem confirmar a migração profissional entre as áreas de atuação do nutricionista prevista em estudos anteriores. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the profile of nutrition graduates from Federal University of Santa Catarina, in Brazil, in the period from 1983 to 2000, aiming to identify the areas and cities of professional performance and the indexes of accomplishment of postgraduate degrees, as well as to observe the affiliation to the class associations. METHODS: The methodology consisted of the application of a self-answer questionnaire, previously te (more) sted, which was sent to the nutritionists through mail, electronic addresses and fax. For data analysis, the Microsoft Access program was used. RESULTS: The areas of performance that absorb most of this professional resource are Collective Feeding (28.9%), Clinical Nutrition (27.0%), Teaching (20.7%), Public Health (12.6%) and Others (10.8%). It was found that 51.4% of the nutritionists work in the city of Florianópolis, 8.1% in Balneário Camboriú and 8.1% in Blumenau. The great majority of graduates are associated with the Regional Council of Nutritionists and a great contingent (84.7%) with the Regional Council of Nutritionists of the second region, but only 27.5% of the nutritionists have joined the Santa Catarina Nutrition Association. CONCLUSION: This investigation confirmed the professional migration among the areas of performance foreseen in previous studies.

Alves, Emilaura; Rossi, Camila Elizandra; Vasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes de

2003-09-01

83

Nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: áreas de atuação, distribuição geográfica, índices de pós-graduação e de filiação aos órgãos de classe Nutrition graduates from Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina: areas of performance, geographical distribution, indexes of postgraduate degree and of affiliation to class associations  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Esta investigação teve como objetivo avaliar o perfil dos nutricionistas egressos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, no período de 1983 a 2000, buscando identificar as áreas e cidades de atuação profissional e os índices de realização de Pós-Graduação, bem como observar a filiação às entidades de classe. MÉTODOS: A metodologia consistiu na aplicação de um questionário auto-resposta, previamente testado, o qual foi remetido aos egressos via Correios, endereços eletrônicos e fax. Para análise dos dados, foi utilizado o programa Microsoft Access. RESULTADOS: As áreas de atuação que mais absorvem este recurso profissional são Alimentação Coletiva (28,9%), Nutrição Clínica (27,0%), Ensino (20,7%), Saúde Pública (12,6%) e Outras (10,8%). Evidencia-se que 51,4% dos nutricionistas atuam no município de Florianópolis, 8,1% em Balneário Camboriú e 8,1% em Blumenau. A maioria dos egressos está filiada aos Conselhos Regionais de Nutricionistas e um grande contingente (84,7%) ao Conselho Regional de Nutricionistas da segunda região, mas vinculam-se à Associação Catarinense de Nutrição apenas 27,5% dos egressos. CONCLUSÃO: Esta investigação vem confirmar a migração profissional entre as áreas de atuação do nutricionista prevista em estudos anteriores.OBJECTIVE: The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the profile of nutrition graduates from Federal University of Santa Catarina, in Brazil, in the period from 1983 to 2000, aiming to identify the areas and cities of professional performance and the indexes of accomplishment of postgraduate degrees, as well as to observe the affiliation to the class associations. METHODS: The methodology consisted of the application of a self-answer questionnaire, previously tested, which was sent to the nutritionists through mail, electronic addresses and fax. For data analysis, the Microsoft Access program was used. RESULTS: The areas of performance that absorb most of this professional resource are Collective Feeding (28.9%), Clinical Nutrition (27.0%), Teaching (20.7%), Public Health (12.6%) and Others (10.8%). It was found that 51.4% of the nutritionists work in the city of Florianópolis, 8.1% in Balneário Camboriú and 8.1% in Blumenau. The great majority of graduates are associated with the Regional Council of Nutritionists and a great contingent (84.7%) with the Regional Council of Nutritionists of the second region, but only 27.5% of the nutritionists have joined the Santa Catarina Nutrition Association. CONCLUSION: This investigation confirmed the professional migration among the areas of performance foreseen in previous studies.

Emilaura Alves; Camila Elizandra Rossi; Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos

2003-01-01

84

75 FR 72965 - Federal Travel Regulation; Removal of Privately Owned Vehicle Rates; Privately Owned Automobile...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Owned Vehicle Rates; Privately Owned Automobile Mileage Reimbursement When Government Owned Automobiles Are Authorized; Miscellaneous Amendments...authorized to use a Government Owned Automobile (GOA) for temporary duty travel...

2010-11-29

85

Support Vector Machines as tools for mortality graduation  

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Full Text Available A topic of interest in demographic and biostatistical analysis as well as in actuarial practice,is the graduation of the age-specific mortality pattern. A classical graduation technique is to fit parametric models. Recently, particular emphasis has been given to graduation using nonparametric techniques. Support Vector Machines (SVM) is an innovative methodology that could be utilized for mortality graduation purposes. This paper evaluates SVM techniques as tools for graduating mortality rates. We apply SVM to empirical death rates from a variety of populations and time periods. For comparison, we also apply standard graduation techniques to the same data.

Anastasia Kostaki; Javier M. Moguerza; Alberto Olivares; Stelios Psarakis

2011-01-01

86

Graduates Employment: Valuable of Curtin University of Technology Sarawak Graduates  

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Full Text Available The main objective of this research is to study the valuable of Curtin University of Technology Sarawak’s graduates in 2006, as well as to study graduates’ perception and recommendation on programs offered. Questionnaires were distributed to School of Business and School of Engineering’s graduates before the Graduation Ceremony held on 11th May 2006 at the Imperial Hall, Mega Hotel. The study found that the employment rate is 64.9% in 2006. Unemployment rate dropped from 36% in 2004 to 25.3% in 2005 and then increased to 35.1% in 2006, however, from this unemployment group, it is found that 58.5% was ‘Still seeking for work’ scenario, while 32.3% took a break, 6.2% further studies, 1.5% choose not to work and 1.5% find difficult in getting a suitable job. The study also shows that around 69.17% of the Curtin’s graduate salary ranges are between RM1000 – RM1500 and RM1500 – RM1800. Related to graduates’ perception on the university, majority of students are very satisfied with the program offered by the school and even like to recommend their family members to study in this institution. However, number of recommendations was provided by the graduates to improve the quality of the programs. The program to be more relevant to the needs of the industry, especially industry training and practical work experiences, constant visitation to industry workplaces for better learning, applications towards theoretical components and increased contemporary knowledge currently practiced at the workplace to be brought into the classroom.

Chai Lee Goi; Christine Siik Hung Lau

2010-01-01

87

Effective federal tax rates on income from new investments in oil and gas extraction  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Accelerated tax depreciation (established by the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981, though partially rolled back by the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 and the Deficit Reduction Act of 1984) has led to substantially lower effective tax rates for business fixed investment. These changes suggest a reconsideration of the tax subsidy for oil extraction. The findings reported here suggest that the returns on integrated corporations' investments in the acquisition of oil and gas reserves are taxed at rates about the same as for investment in equipment, but considerably below rates applying to structures. Overall, oil extraction remains in a favored position. Recent changes in tax rules for oil and gas extraction have created differentials between producers in different circumstances. When percentage depletion is allowed, the tax benefits are so great as to create negative tax rates. Furthermore, individuals can largely avoid the adverse effects of the minimum tax on intangible drilling costs by capitalizing them and writing them off under the depreciation and investment tax credit rules that apply to equipment. 13 references, 3 tables.

Gravelle, J.G.

1985-01-01

88

Hair cell alteration prevalence rates in students of a school in Distrito Federal.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: Exposure to loud music is increasing among young people, and so could be the number of hearing impairment cases in this population. Otoacoustic emission tests are sensitive in capturing the effects of exposure to noise, and allow the detection of early cochlear disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to look into the prevalence rates of injuries to outer hair cells in a population of students through otoacoustic emission testing. MATERIALS AND METHOD: One-hundred and thirty-four subjects were submitted to transient evoked and distortion product otoacoustic emission tests. Subjects were assessed on a "pass/fail" scale. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study on prevalence rates. RESULTS: More than four fifths (80.6%) of the 134 subjects had altered transient otoacoustic emissions, most of whom were males; 97.8% had altered distortion product otoacoustic emissions and 79.9% had altered test results in both transient evoked and distortion product OAEs; most were males; 94.0% reported they used earphones; and 82.8% stated they frequented places where loud music was played. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence rates of altered test results seem to indicate the presence of early cochlear disorders in the studied subjects. A significant number of subjects reported exposure to loud music, a habit that may be conducive to the onset of cochlear disorders.

Silva VG; Sampaio AL; Oliveira CA; Tauil PL; Jansen GM

2012-07-01

89

Acceptance rates in state-federal vocational rehabilitation of clients with brain injury: Is racial disparity an issue?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To utilize Aday and Andersen's Framework for the Study of Access to examine racial disparity within the State-Federal vocational rehabilitation system, among clients with brain injury. Research questions included: Do pre-disposing characteristics such as age, race, ethnicity, gender, marital status and education influence vocational rehabilitation acceptance rates in the US? Do enabling characteristics such as referral source, insurance coverage and primary source of support at application influence vocational rehabilitation acceptance rates in the US? Is there a difference, based on race, in the reason for case closure for vocational rehabilitation services? METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Exhaustive CHAID analysis was conducted with acceptance for rehabilitation as the criterion variable and pre-disposing characteristics as predictor variables. Chi-square analysis was calculated with regard to reason for closure. MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Descriptive findings are presented. Of the pre-disposing factors, the most significant predictor of acceptance rate was education level. Pearson Chi-square analyses revealed significant differences between White and non-White clients with brain injury with regard to reason for closure. CONCLUSIONS: The data indicate that racial differences were only a small part of the overall equation and again that distinct disparity by race is not evidenced in the RSA-911 data for persons with a primary or secondary diagnosis of brain injury.

Kolakowsky-Hayner SA

2010-01-01

90

Oakton Community College's Fiscal 1978 Occupational and Liberal Arts Graduates.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of the 423 fiscal year 1978 graduates of Oakton Community College (OCC) was conducted to determine demographic characteristics, grade point average, educational objectives, graduates' evaluation of OCC's programs and services, and graduates' current educational and/or occupational status. Survey findings, based on a 67.1% response rate,…

Kirby, Emily B.

91

NSF graduate fellowship awards  

Science.gov (United States)

Of the 500 college students being offered fellowships by the National Science Foundation (NSF) this year for graduate study in the natural and social sciences, about 8% plan to pursue graduate studies in earth, ocean, or space sciences. In addition, 3 of the 55 students offered NSF Minority Graduate Fellowship Awards plan to study earth or space sciences.Each fellowship, awarded for 3 years of graduate study, provides a stipend of $6900 per year for full-time graduate study. The fellowships may be used over 5 years to permit students to incorporate teaching or research assistantships into their education during periods in which they are not receiving their fellowship stipends.

92

A trajetória da produção científica do Curso de Especialização em Gerenciamento de Serviços de Enfermagem da UNIFESP La trayectoria de la producción cientifica del Programa de Post Grado en Gerenciamento de Servicios de Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de São Paulo Scientific production trajectory of the São Paulo Federal University Post-Graduate Program in Nursing Services Management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo descreve a trajetória da produção científica do Curso de Gerenciamento de Serviços de Enfermagem da UNIFESP a partir da análise das monografias produzidas pelos alunos nos dez anos de existência do curso. Com o objetivo de Identificar temas e objetivos e desenhar linhas de pesquisa a que corresponderam esses trabalhos, 113 monografias foram estudadas. A apuração de freqüência simples e relativa das variáveis estudadas e a classificação da temática segundo referencial teórico sobre o assunto indicou que, no início, os estudos não se atinham à área de abrangência do curso, mas paulatinamente foram se orientando para esta, com destaque para " Recursos Humanos" , o que se acelerou com a criação de grupo de pesquisa focado na sub-especialidade " Gerenciamento em Enfermagem" .Este artículo describe la trayectoria de la producción científica del curso de Administración de Servicios de Enfermería de la UNIFESP a partir del análisis de las monografías producidas por los alumnos en los diez años de existencia del curso. Con el objetivo de identificar los temas y objetivos y delinear líneas de pesquisa referentes a esos trabajos, 113 monografías fueron estudiadas. La apuración de frecuencia simple y relativa de las variables estudiadas y la clasificación de temática según el referencial teórico sobre el asunto indicó que, al inicio, los estudios no se restringieron al área de abarcamiento del curso pero paulatinamente, fueron se orientando hacia esta, con destaque para " Recursos Humanos" , lo que se aceleró con la institución del grupo de pesquisa con foco en la subespecialidad " Administración en Enfermería" .This article describes the scientific production trajectory of the Post-Graduate Program in Nursing Services Mangement at São Paulo Federal University based on the analysis of monographies produced by the students over the last 10 years. The study aimed at identifying subjects and objectives and to delineate research lines of these studies, 113 monographs were analyzed. The verification of the simple and relative frequency of the studied variables and the thematic classification according to the theoretical referential on this subject showed that at the beginning the studies did not considered the area of course extent but gradually they began to reach it with emphasis in " Human Resources" , which was accelerated with the establishment of a research group with the focus in the sub-specialty " nursing management" .

Camila Kelly Gomes de Lima; Maria Cristina Sanna

2008-01-01

93

A trajetória da produção científica do Curso de Especialização em Gerenciamento de Serviços de Enfermagem da UNIFESP/ Scientific production trajectory of the São Paulo Federal University Post-Graduate Program in Nursing Services Management/ La trayectoria de la producción cientifica del Programa de Post Grado en Gerenciamento de Servicios de Enfermería de la Universidad Federal de São Paulo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este artigo descreve a trajetória da produção científica do Curso de Gerenciamento de Serviços de Enfermagem da UNIFESP a partir da análise das monografias produzidas pelos alunos nos dez anos de existência do curso. Com o objetivo de Identificar temas e objetivos e desenhar linhas de pesquisa a que corresponderam esses trabalhos, 113 monografias foram estudadas. A apuração de freqüência simples e relativa das variáveis estudadas e a classificação da temáti (more) ca segundo referencial teórico sobre o assunto indicou que, no início, os estudos não se atinham à área de abrangência do curso, mas paulatinamente foram se orientando para esta, com destaque para " Recursos Humanos" , o que se acelerou com a criação de grupo de pesquisa focado na sub-especialidade " Gerenciamento em Enfermagem" . Abstract in spanish Este artículo describe la trayectoria de la producción científica del curso de Administración de Servicios de Enfermería de la UNIFESP a partir del análisis de las monografías producidas por los alumnos en los diez años de existencia del curso. Con el objetivo de identificar los temas y objetivos y delinear líneas de pesquisa referentes a esos trabajos, 113 monografías fueron estudiadas. La apuración de frecuencia simple y relativa de las variables estudiadas y (more) la clasificación de temática según el referencial teórico sobre el asunto indicó que, al inicio, los estudios no se restringieron al área de abarcamiento del curso pero paulatinamente, fueron se orientando hacia esta, con destaque para " Recursos Humanos" , lo que se aceleró con la institución del grupo de pesquisa con foco en la subespecialidad " Administración en Enfermería" . Abstract in english This article describes the scientific production trajectory of the Post-Graduate Program in Nursing Services Mangement at São Paulo Federal University based on the analysis of monographies produced by the students over the last 10 years. The study aimed at identifying subjects and objectives and to delineate research lines of these studies, 113 monographs were analyzed. The verification of the simple and relative frequency of the studied variables and the thematic classi (more) fication according to the theoretical referential on this subject showed that at the beginning the studies did not considered the area of course extent but gradually they began to reach it with emphasis in " Human Resources" , which was accelerated with the establishment of a research group with the focus in the sub-specialty " nursing management" .

Lima, Camila Kelly Gomes de; Sanna, Maria Cristina

2008-06-01

94

Success of Graduate Programmes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The research presented in this report is based on a planning problem that is focused on identifying the initiatives undertaken by the Danish companies to reduce the risk of failure of graduate programmes and why or why not are these initiatives successful. Benefits of employing graduates are well kn...

Coman, Alexandra; Kupšyt?, Valdon?

95

Osteopathic graduate medical education.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The information provided in the present report on osteopathic graduate medical education (OGME) is based primarily on annual data provided through the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA Match) and the AOA Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit reporting system. In 2007, the number of osteopathic medical graduates totaled 3103, surpassing 3000 for the first time. In 2008, the total reached 3462 graduates. Statistics on the Match in this article are reported for both 2007 and 2008. A total of 1267 (41%) and 1316 (38%) graduates and previous graduates participated and matched in 2007 and 2008, respectively. With post-Match scramble data, the number of graduates and previous graduates in AOA-approved internships and first-year residency positions rose to 1645 (53%) for the 2007-2008 academic year and is estimated to be 1828 (51%) for the 2008-2009 academic year. The response of students through the Match and the increased attention to innovative OGME development activities--particularly the internship restructuring and OGME Development Initiative--are evidence of a positive momentum in OGME in recent years.

Freeman E; Lischka TA

2009-03-01

96

Labour market outcomes of public health graduates: evidence from Australia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Little information is available on the public health workforce. This study contributes to the gap in the literature and examines the demographic characteristics, career destinations and earnings of Masters in Public Health (MPH) graduates in Australia, using data from the 1999-2009 waves of the Graduate Destination Survey. It was found that public health graduates had a high amount of female representation and very low proportions of indigenous representation. Public health graduates experienced a relatively low unemployment rate and 85% were employed within 120 days of graduation. However, close to half of the graduates did not work in the health industry or in health-related roles. The mean salaries of public health graduates working in public health roles were relatively low compared to those in other occupations, but they had a range comparable to that observed for public health professionals in the USA and were higher than those of other Masters graduates in some other health fields. The results indicate strong demand and positive employment prospects for public health graduates in Australia. Strategies to target recruitment and/or retention of female or indigenous graduates in the public health workforce should be a priority. Mapping of public health graduate destinations and employment prospects should might be prioritised, given its strong potential to facilitate workforce planning and provide potential public health workers with more comprehensive career trajectories. PMID:23782503

Li, Ian W; Awofeso, Niyi

2013-06-19

97

Labour market outcomes of public health graduates: evidence from Australia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Little information is available on the public health workforce. This study contributes to the gap in the literature and examines the demographic characteristics, career destinations and earnings of Masters in Public Health (MPH) graduates in Australia, using data from the 1999-2009 waves of the Graduate Destination Survey. It was found that public health graduates had a high amount of female representation and very low proportions of indigenous representation. Public health graduates experienced a relatively low unemployment rate and 85% were employed within 120 days of graduation. However, close to half of the graduates did not work in the health industry or in health-related roles. The mean salaries of public health graduates working in public health roles were relatively low compared to those in other occupations, but they had a range comparable to that observed for public health professionals in the USA and were higher than those of other Masters graduates in some other health fields. The results indicate strong demand and positive employment prospects for public health graduates in Australia. Strategies to target recruitment and/or retention of female or indigenous graduates in the public health workforce should be a priority. Mapping of public health graduate destinations and employment prospects should might be prioritised, given its strong potential to facilitate workforce planning and provide potential public health workers with more comprehensive career trajectories.

Li IW; Awofeso N

2013-06-01

98

Graduate Students' Perceptions of Outstanding Graduate Advisor Characteristics  

Science.gov (United States)

The advising literature confirms the graduate student-graduate advisor relationship as the most important factor in graduate student success. To better understand the characteristics of graduate advisors that students find most helpful, we conducted a grounded theory study with a constructivist design that involved a qualitative textual analysis…

Bloom, Jennifer L.; Cuevas, Amanda E. Propst; Hall, James Warren; Evans, Christopher V.

2007-01-01

99

Prevalência de alterações das células ciliadas externas em estudantes de uma escola do Distrito Federal Hair cell alteration prevalence rates in students of a school in Distrito Federal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os jovens estão cada vez mais expostos à música alta, que pode prejudicar a audição. O teste das Emissões Otoacústicas, por ser mais sensível à exposição ao ruído, permite detectar precocemente alterações cocleares. OBJETIVO: Investigar a prevalência de lesão das células ciliadas externas por meio do teste de emissões otoacústicas em uma amostra de estudantes. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram realizados os testes de emissões otoacústicas por estímulo transiente e por produto de distorção em 134 indivíduos. Os exames foram analisados de acordo com o critério "passa/falha". Tipo de estudo: Estudo seccional descritivo de prevalência. RESULTADOS: Dos 134 participantes, 80,6% apresentaram emissões otoacústicas transiente alteradas, sendo a maioria do gênero masculino; 97,8% apresentaram emissões otoacústicas produto de distorção alterada e 79,9% apresentaram alteração tanto em transiente quanto em produto de distorção, sendo a maioria do gênero masculino e, ainda, 94,0% relataram fazer uso de fones de ouvido; e 82,8% declararam frequentar lugar com música amplificada. CONCLUSÃO: A alta prevalência de testes alterados pode indicar precocemente uma disfunção coclear e, pelo alto número de participantes que relatou exposição à música alta, há a suspeita de que esse hábito pode estar provocando as alterações cocleares.Exposure to loud music is increasing among young people, and so could be the number of hearing impairment cases in this population. Otoacoustic emission tests are sensitive in capturing the effects of exposure to noise, and allow the detection of early cochlear disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to look into the prevalence rates of injuries to outer hair cells in a population of students through otoacoustic emission testing. MATERIALS AND METHOD: One-hundred and thirty-four subjects were submitted to transient evoked and distortion product otoacoustic emission tests. Subjects were assessed on a "pass/fail" scale. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study on prevalence rates. RESULTS: More than four fifths (80.6%) of the 134 subjects had altered transient otoacoustic emissions, most of whom were males; 97.8% had altered distortion product otoacoustic emissions and 79.9% had altered test results in both transient evoked and distortion product OAEs; most were males; 94.0% reported they used earphones; and 82.8% stated they frequented places where loud music was played. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence rates of altered test results seem to indicate the presence of early cochlear disorders in the studied subjects. A significant number of subjects reported exposure to loud music, a habit that may be conducive to the onset of cochlear disorders.

Valéria Gomes da Silva; André Luiz Lopes Sampaio; Carlos Augusto Costa Pires de Oliveira; Pedro Luiz Tauil; Glaucia Magalhães Brito Jansen

2012-01-01

100

Prevalência de alterações das células ciliadas externas em estudantes de uma escola do Distrito Federal/ Hair cell alteration prevalence rates in students of a school in Distrito Federal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Os jovens estão cada vez mais expostos à música alta, que pode prejudicar a audição. O teste das Emissões Otoacústicas, por ser mais sensível à exposição ao ruído, permite detectar precocemente alterações cocleares. OBJETIVO: Investigar a prevalência de lesão das células ciliadas externas por meio do teste de emissões otoacústicas em uma amostra de estudantes. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram realizados os testes de emissões otoacústicas por estímulo transi (more) ente e por produto de distorção em 134 indivíduos. Os exames foram analisados de acordo com o critério "passa/falha". Tipo de estudo: Estudo seccional descritivo de prevalência. RESULTADOS: Dos 134 participantes, 80,6% apresentaram emissões otoacústicas transiente alteradas, sendo a maioria do gênero masculino; 97,8% apresentaram emissões otoacústicas produto de distorção alterada e 79,9% apresentaram alteração tanto em transiente quanto em produto de distorção, sendo a maioria do gênero masculino e, ainda, 94,0% relataram fazer uso de fones de ouvido; e 82,8% declararam frequentar lugar com música amplificada. CONCLUSÃO: A alta prevalência de testes alterados pode indicar precocemente uma disfunção coclear e, pelo alto número de participantes que relatou exposição à música alta, há a suspeita de que esse hábito pode estar provocando as alterações cocleares. Abstract in english Exposure to loud music is increasing among young people, and so could be the number of hearing impairment cases in this population. Otoacoustic emission tests are sensitive in capturing the effects of exposure to noise, and allow the detection of early cochlear disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to look into the prevalence rates of injuries to outer hair cells in a population of students through otoacoustic emission testing. MATERIALS AND METHOD: One-hundred and thirty (more) -four subjects were submitted to transient evoked and distortion product otoacoustic emission tests. Subjects were assessed on a "pass/fail" scale. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study on prevalence rates. RESULTS: More than four fifths (80.6%) of the 134 subjects had altered transient otoacoustic emissions, most of whom were males; 97.8% had altered distortion product otoacoustic emissions and 79.9% had altered test results in both transient evoked and distortion product OAEs; most were males; 94.0% reported they used earphones; and 82.8% stated they frequented places where loud music was played. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence rates of altered test results seem to indicate the presence of early cochlear disorders in the studied subjects. A significant number of subjects reported exposure to loud music, a habit that may be conducive to the onset of cochlear disorders.

Silva, Valéria Gomes da; Sampaio, André Luiz Lopes; Oliveira, Carlos Augusto Costa Pires de; Tauil, Pedro Luiz; Jansen, Glaucia Magalhães Brito

2012-08-01

 
 
 
 
101

Comments on the interest rate on loan capital as determined by the Federal Network Agency for regulatory purposes; Anmerkungen zum Fremdkapitalzinssatz in der Regulierungspraxis der Bundesnetzagentur  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In calculating system usage charges the Federal Network Agency (BNetzA) determines interest rates on the basis of the current yield of fixed-interest securities of domestic issuers. This interest rate times series, which takes account of public corporations, trading banks and industrial corporations, is published by the Deutsche Bundesbank. However, it is not an appropriate interest rate measure for transmission system operators, since the interest rate time series represented by the ''current yield of fixed-interest securities of domestic issuers'' is dominated by a 90% majority of public corporations. This is evidenced by the fact that it is identical with the current yield of fixed-interest securities issued by the state. An interest rate based on the ''current yield of fixed-interest securities of domestic issuers'' leaves the entrepreneurial risk on the part of transmission system operators out of consideration.

Grote, M.H. [Frankfurt School of Finance and Management, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Mueller, C. [EnBW Energie Baden-Wuerttemberg AG, Karlsruhe (Germany). Bereich Netze

2008-05-15

102

An Examination of 4-Year Cohort Graduation and Dropout Rates for the New York City Public Schools' Class of 2001 and Final School Completion Outcomes for the Class of 1998.  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study examined the progress of students in New York City who entered the ninth grade in fall 1997 and were scheduled to graduate in spring 2001 after 4 years of high school. This report indicates the percentages of students in this class, the Class of 2001, who graduated, dropped out, and were still enrolled in school to attend a fifth year…

Mei, Lori; Bell-Ellwanger, Jennifer; Miller, Ron

103

Summary of Workshop on Graduate Student Attrition  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary of Workshop on Graduate Student Attrition Hypertext Format Summary of Workshop on Graduate ... Attrition Portable Document Format (.pdf) Summary of Workshop on Graduate Student Attrition This ...

104

Career development: graduate nurse views.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore recent Singapore nursing graduates' experience of and views about their career development and progress. BACKGROUND: The recruitment and retention of an adequate number of registered nurses is a continuing workforce issue in Singapore and other major cities. DESIGN: Survey of recent nursing graduates. METHODS: Recent nursing graduates from the Bachelor programme (n = 147) were sent an individual survey; a response rate of 54% was achieved. RESULTS: Findings show that nurses rated their self-concept in a positive manner and were most satisfied (moderately to very) with helping patients and providing effective care, and the level of patient involvement. They were least satisfied (moderately to only a little) with prestige among the general medical community and the general public, hours of work, lifestyle factors and research opportunities. The following four factors were identified as significant impediments to career development; lack of support in the work place; perceived insufficient clinical career development opportunities; excessive work hours; and limited access to merit-based places in further education. CONCLUSIONS: Suggestions made to overcome perceived career development barriers are as follows: broad multifactorial healthcare system changes; decreased and more flexible working hours; and fairer access to further clinical and higher education. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Results highlight the value clinical nurses place on having access to career development opportunities, merit-based further education and work place supports. These factors also have the potential to influence patient care and impact on the retention of nurses in their present job and satisfaction with their nursing career.

Cleary M; Horsfall J; Muthulakshmi P; Happell B; Hunt GE

2013-09-01

105

Attitudes of graduates on the labour market (on the example of graduates of economics from zachodniopomorskie region)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the context of growing unemployment rate among tertiary graduates, as well as competition on the education and labour market, proper preparation of graduates to function on the labour market is becoming more and more important. Attitudes, including expectations towards work, play a very important role as well. This article attempts at gaining knowledge of professional activity of tertiary graduates, becoming familiar with current problems connected with a transition from education to the labour market and studying a career path from graduation to the moment of carrying out the study.

Sylwia Go??b

2011-01-01

106

The Siemens graduate program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] SIEMENS is an international company acting in various domains: power generation, communication and information, traffic, health...etc. To increase flexibility and activity in a world in constant evolution, the company proposes a graduate program where young people with a special background have the possibility to start an international career in one of the different business areas. This graduate program is also very important in the domain of nuclear energy, where the know-how transfer between the previous generation and the new one is a constant point of interest. (author)

2001-01-01

107

Perioperative post graduate education.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article describes post-graduate perioperative education in Australia at the Australian Catholic University and St. Vincent's Public Hospital: The Graduate Certificate in Perioperative Practice. The Australian Catholic University operates from eight campuses along the east coast of Australia. There are approximately 9000 students along with 1000 staff. The University consists of major faculties that all have clear relevance to the workplace-namely Arts and Sciences, Education and Health Sciences. Qualifications are offered at Certificate of Doctoral level studies in the areas of business, education, ethics, human movement, management, information systems, music, nursing, religion, social work and theology.

Kapnoullas J

1997-04-01

108

Challenges in Chemistry Graduate Education: A Workshop Summary  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Chemistry graduate education is under considerable pressure. Pharmaceutical companies, long a major employer of synthetic organic chemists, are drastically paring back their research divisions to reduce costs. Chemical companies are opening new R&D facilities in Asia rather than in the United States to take advantage of growing markets and trained workforces there. Universities, especially public universities, are under significant fiscal constraints that threaten their ability to hire new faculty members. Future federal funding of chemical research may be limited as the federal budget tightens. All of these trends have major consequences for the education of chemistry graduate students in U.S. universities. To explore and respond to these intensifying pressures, the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology held a workshop in Washington, D.C., on January 23-24, 2012, entitled “Graduate Education in Chemistry in the Context of a Changing Environment.”

109

Fourth meeting of stricto sensu graduate students in the northeast  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This special issue of REUOL represents another contribution to Brazilian nursing journal and, in particular, for its graduate programs.In the spirit of cooperation and dissemination of academic nursing, the REUOL committed to publishing a special issue dedicated to the Fourth Meeting of Stricto Sensu Graduate Students in the Northeast, held in November 2009 in Natal city/RN.Unable to publish all the papers, it was performed a professors’ committee from the graduate program in nursing, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), involving the Journal’s Editor-in-Chief, to make the papers selection sent by authors for this purpose. We selected a total of fifteen items comprising broad and diverse topics, considering the different lines of research which structure the graduate programs. Likewise, multiple perspectives are also compatible with the methodological spectrum of approaches worked by nurses in each area and in its dialogue with health in general

Raimunda Medeiros Germano.

2010-01-01

110

The Employability Of Graduates In Competitive Organisations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper attempts to clarify the employability construct as it relates to competitive organisation. The major purpose of the paper is in promoting awareness of the need for curriculum reform directed at improving employability of graduates. Unemployment of graduates or underemployment of university graduates is a gross waste that no nation can afford. Past studies have focused in identifying the reasons for the large unemployment of graduates. Jobstreet, a Malaysian employment agency conducted a survey of human resource personnel and bosses in 2005, and they reported that the major reasons for unemployment in Malaysia were: · Weak English - 56% · Bad Social Etiquette - 36% · Demand too much pay - 32% · Degrees not relevant - 30% · Fresh graduates too choosy - 23% · No vacancies - 14% In Nigeria, Tim Akano, Chief Executive Officer of New Horizon Training Institute, told BusinessDay, an interview in Lagos, that the high rate of unemployment was because of the lack of appropriate skilled manpower to fill job vacancies. He said there are people changing jobs almost every four months whereas others have been looking for jobs since the last five years. He reasoned that this was so because of the type of skills they have. He pointed out that there was a mismatch between what tertiary institutions produce and what employers need. Even in UK, it has been reported that there are mismatchs between what industry needs and what graduates are qualified in. One - in - 12 graduates from courses, including fine arts, drama, dance and music were not in work or further study six months after leaving university (Graeme Paton, Education Editor -3rd July 2008). The curriculum reform recommendations of the paper are based on the experiments of R.E.Boyatizis and his aasociates in the Weatherhead School of Management (WSOM) at Case western Reserve University (l980) and the Princples of Andragogy defined by Knowles (1986).

Dr. Abdul Farouk Ahmed

2009-01-01

111

Graduate Music Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This essay on graduate music education is in response to an article by David Hebert on challenges and solutions in online music teacher education that appeared in the online journal, "Research and Issues in Music Education," 5(1). The author found the article stimulating because so little has been written on the topic of music teacher education at…

Phillips, Kenneth H.

2008-01-01

112

1996 Graduate Fellowship Awards File Formats  

Science.gov (United States)

... 96GFAW = 1996 NSF Graduate Fellowship Awardee 96GFHM = 1996 NSF Graduate Fellowship Honorable ... 1996 NSF Minority Graduate Awardee 96MFHM = 1996 NSF Minority Graduate Honorable Mention 3 Double ...

113

1998 Graduate Fellowship Awards File Formats Information  

Science.gov (United States)

... 98GFAW = 1998 NSF Graduate Fellowship Awardee 98GFHM = 1998 NSF Graduate Fellowship Honorable ... 1998 NSF Minority Graduate Awardee 98MFHM = 1998 NSF Minority Graduate Honorable Mention 3 Double ...

114

Electives in Graduate Medical Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|Modern curricula have both compulsory portions and electives or portions chosen by students. Electives have been a part of graduate and postgraduate general higher education. Electives are included in various standards for graduate medical education and are also included in proposed Medical Council of India Regulations on Graduate Medical…

Kumar, Santosh; Zayapragassarazan, Z.

2013-01-01

115

Electives in Graduate Medical Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Modern curricula have both compulsory portions and electives or portions chosen by students. Electives have been a part of graduate and postgraduate general higher education. Electives are included in various standards for graduate medical education and are also included in proposed Medical Council of India Regulations on Graduate Medical…

Kumar, Santosh; Zayapragassarazan, Z.

2013-01-01

116

Preparing graduate students to be educators  

CERN Multimedia

We present two programs that address needs to better prepare graduate students for their roles as professional physicists, particularly in the areas of teaching and education research. The two programs, Preparing Future Physicists (PFP) and a course, Teaching and Learning Physics, are designed to be mutually supportive, address these broader graduate roles, and support the development of the field of physics education research. While voluntary, PFP has attracted the participation of roughly half the physics graduate students at each of two large research institutions. Compared to the national rate, these students are roughly twice as likely to report an interest in pursuing future roles as educators. While less than one in five of participants surveyed reported education being valued by the research community in physics, more than 90% reported intentions to incorporate the results of research in physics education in their future teaching. Experience with the synergistic program, Teaching and Learning Physics,...

Price, E; Price, Edward; Finkelstein, Noah

2006-01-01

117

Is graduate under-employment persistent? Evidence from the United Kingdom  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper examines the persistence of under-employment amongst UK higher education graduates. For the cohort of individuals who graduated in 2002/3, micro-data collected by the Higher Education Statistical Agency, are used to calculate the rates of non-graduate job employment 6 months and 42 months...

Mosca, Irene; Wright, Robert E.

118

Graduate Quantum Mechanics Reform  

CERN Multimedia

We address four main areas in which graduate quantum mechanics education in the U.S. can be improved: course content; textbook; teaching methods; and assessment tools. We report on a three year longitudinal study at the Colorado School of Mines using innovations in all four of these areas. In particular, we have modified the content of the course to reflect progress in the field in the last 50 years, use modern textbooks that include such content, incorporate a variety of teaching techniques based on physics education research, and used a variety of assessment tools to study the effectiveness of these reforms. We present a new assessment tool, the Graduate Quantum Mechanics Conceptual Survey, and further testing of a previously developed assessment tool, the Quantum Mechanics Conceptual Survey (QMCS). We find that graduate students respond well to research-based techniques that have previously been tested mainly in introductory courses, and that they learn a great deal of the new content introduced in each ve...

Carr, L D

2008-01-01

119

"I Wish for More Than I Ever Get": Employers’ Perspectives on Employability Attributes of Architecture Graduates  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research considers graduate recruitment for architecture graduates. Employers in small, medium and large Australian firms, from the private and public sector were surveyed about their graduate hiring practices. Through distilling the discipline specific Graduate Attributes for all Australian Architecture Schools’ Architecture Programs, and generic Graduate Attributes for their Universities, the researcher compiled a questionnaire which was administered to prospective employers of architecture graduates. The results reveal that the possession of technical knowledge is more highly rated as a Graduate Attribute in recruitment than the possession of design knowledge/skills, and that the possession of Computer Aided Design (CAD) representation skills is more important to graduate recruiters of all firm sizes than either technical or design knowledge and skills. The research further revealed that the presentation of a portfolio is a key recruitment tool for employers, and that the demonstration of team work is a highly valued generic attribute for employers.

Susan J. Shannon

2012-01-01

120

Comparison of academic and practice outcomes of rural and traditional track graduates of a family medicine residency program.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The Marshall University Family Medicine Residency (MUFMR) implemented its rural track (RT) in 1994 to help achieve its mission of producing primary care physicians for practice in rural areas and West Virginia. This study examined the impact of the RT on the program's training outcomes and assessed the academic equivalence of the RT and traditional track (TT) curricula. METHOD: The authors analyzed academic outcomes (in-training examination [ITE] scores, board certification rates) and practice outcomes (location and type following graduation) for the 174 MUFMR graduates who entered the program from 1984 through 2006. They compared RT and TT graduates who entered after RT implementation (1994-2006) with each other and with graduates who entered during the decade before implementation (1984-1993). RESULTS: There were differences between the 12 RT and 94 TT graduates in rural practice upon graduation (RT: 83% versus TT: 40%; P<.01) and practice in West Virginia (RT 83% versus TT 68%; P=.34). RT and TT graduates had similar mean increases in ITE scores and board certification rates. The 106 post-implementation graduates had a significantly higher rate of West Virginia practice than did the 68 pre-implementation graduates (70% versus 52%; P=.02). CONCLUSIONS: RT development was associated with a substantial increase in MUFMR graduates practicing in West Virginia. RT graduates were more likely than TT graduates to practice in rural areas and in the state upon graduation. RT graduates seem to advance academically as well as their TT counterparts.

Petrany SM; Gress T

2013-06-01

 
 
 
 
121

Graduate Education--New Connections. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Council of Graduate Schools in the United States (23rd, St. Louis, Missouri, November 30-December 2, 1983).  

Science.gov (United States)

Proceedings of the 1983 annual meeting of the Council of Graduate Schools (CGS) in the United States are presented. Included are reports of concurrent sessions, papers, and information on the Council's business meeting. Topics of concurrent sessions include: the federal legislative process, graduate school databases, the scholar-computer…

Khalil, Edna M., Ed.

122

New Models fro Graduate Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Overall, graduate education in the United States is widely considered to be of the highest quality, and students from around the world flock to our programs. Nonetheless, there is always room for improvement. In particular, the National Science Foundation has encouraged the development of innovative efforts in graduate education, such as the GK-12 fellowship program and the requirement that large projects like Science and Technology Centers incorporate innovations into the education of graduate students. In this talk I will highlight some current innovations in graduate education, with special focus on programs conducted by the Center for Integrated Space Weather Modeling, a Science and Technology Center funded by the NSF..

Lopez, Ramon

2006-04-01

123

Graduates of the University of Tasmania Medical School: career achievements 10 to 23 years after graduation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the postgraduate achievements of graduates of the University of Tasmania Medical School. DESIGN: Postal questionnaire survey in October 1994 and March and May 1995. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 262 of the 400 medical graduates of the University of Tasmania who graduated between 1970 and 1983 for whom addresses were held (65.5% response rate). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Achievement of postgraduate qualifications; senior hospital and university appointments; publications in the medical literature; practice location (rural or urban); and sex distribution. RESULTS: College fellowships had been obtained by 56%, other formal postgraduate qualifications by 24%. MDs or PhDs by 7%, senior hospital appointments by 46%, and senior university appointments by 21%; 30% had published in the medical literature. Equal proportions of men and women had obtained postgraduate qualifications, but women were less likely to have a college fellowship, a senior hospital or university appointment, or to have published (P < 0.05). 56% worked in Tasmania, and of the 95% working in Australia 17% were in rural or remote locations. CONCLUSIONS: More than two-thirds of Tasmanian medical graduates achieved postgraduate qualifications and a small majority were practising in Tasmania. Postgraduate career path was significantly influenced by the sex of the graduates.

Vial JH; Muller HK

1998-01-01

124

High energy physicists and graduate students. 1985 Census  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An alphabetical listing is given of high energy physicists and graduate students, providing the person's name, rank, and institution. Another listing gives the faculty (or permanent staff) and graduate students for each institution, listing for each person the date of birth, year and institution of highest degree, the rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and their sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is also indicated an estimated date for their degree. Where appropriate, a person may be listed at more than one institution. Except as noted, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1985.

1985-01-01

125

Percepção dos professores sobre o novo currículo de graduação da Faculdade de Medicina da UFG implantado em 2003/ How the teachers perceive the new graduation curriculum established in 2003 in the Faculty of Medicine of the Federal University of Goiás-UFG  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Goiás (Famed/UFG) implantou, em 2003, um novo currículo de graduação em Medicina, com o apoio do Programa de Incentivo às Mudanças Curriculares nos Cursos de Medicina (Promed). O presente trabalho objetivou colher a percepção dos professores a respeito do currículo reformulado. Na coleta dos dados foi empregado um questionário com questões abertas e fechadas, entregue aos professores das três séries iniciais (more) do curso de Medicina. A maioria dos docentes (77%) revelou ser favorável à reformulação curricular, citando como pontos positivos a maior integração interdisciplinar, a ampliação do tempo de internato e a adequação à realidade do sistema de saúde. Outros pontos levantados pelos professores foram o aumento da carga horária curricular, a resistência de alguns docentes à mudança e a necessidade de aprimorar o programa de capacitação docente oferecido pela Famed/UFG. O conhecimento da forma como o currículo é avaliado pelos docentes pode contribuir em muitas instâncias para o seu aperfeiçoamento. Daí a necessidade de estudos desta natureza como respaldo às mudanças efetuadas nos currículos. Abstract in english The Faculty of Medicine of the Federal University of Goiás (Famed-UFG) established in 2003 a new curriculum for medical graduation, supported by the Program for the Encouragement of Changes in the Curriculum of Medical Schools (Promed). The aim of this study was to collect data regarding the opinion of the teachers about the new curriculum. As an instrument for collecting information we elaborated a questionnaire with objective and subjective questions, which was deliver (more) ed to the professors of the first three years of the course. The greater part of teachers (77%) revealed to be in favor of the reformulation, mentioning as improvements more integration among disciplines, extension of the internship period and being adapted to the reality of the health system. Other points mentioned were the increased workload, the resistance to changes of some of the teachers and the need to improve the continued professional capacity building program offered by our school. Knowing how the teachers think about the new curriculum can in many ways be useful for its improvement and shows that studies of this kind are necessary to support the changes in the curriculums.

Abreu Neto, Iron Pires de; Lima Filho, Olavo Sérvulo de; Silva, Lucas Evangelista Correia da; Costa, Nilce Maria da Silva Campos

2006-12-01

126

Military graduate medical education in internal medicine: an outcomes study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Military graduate medical education has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years as the size of the military medical force declines. To document the outcomes of military graduate medical education in internal medicine, a cohort of Air Force internal medicine residency graduates from Wright-Patterson Medical Center were studied and their residency performance, staff performance, and active duty retention recorded. The study cohort had an outstanding residency performance, as measured by research experience and board certification rate. They also performed well as military staff physicians, receiving numerous individual military medals while holding important administrative and supervisory positions in the military. Finally, the study cohort had a higher than expected active duty retention rate. These findings support the notion that military graduate medical education in internal medicine produces outstanding military internists.

Cation LJ; Lenihan DJ; Gutierrez-Nunez JJ

2001-04-01

127

Military graduate medical education in internal medicine: an outcomes study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Military graduate medical education has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years as the size of the military medical force declines. To document the outcomes of military graduate medical education in internal medicine, a cohort of Air Force internal medicine residency graduates from Wright-Patterson Medical Center were studied and their residency performance, staff performance, and active duty retention recorded. The study cohort had an outstanding residency performance, as measured by research experience and board certification rate. They also performed well as military staff physicians, receiving numerous individual military medals while holding important administrative and supervisory positions in the military. Finally, the study cohort had a higher than expected active duty retention rate. These findings support the notion that military graduate medical education in internal medicine produces outstanding military internists. PMID:11315470

Cation, L J; Lenihan, D J; Gutierrez-Nunez, J J

2001-04-01

128

Writing Approaches of Graduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The writing approach framework provides a comprehensive perspective on college-level academic writing based on the relationship of writers' beliefs and strategies to the quality of written outcomes. However, despite increased demands for more and better writing at the graduate level, little is known about graduate-level writing processes or about…

Lavelle, Ellen; Bushrow, Kathy

2007-01-01

129

National Plan for Graduate Studies.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Brazilian National Plan for Graduate Studies aims at achieving a combination of training activities at the graduate level to be developed at the various institutions of higher education and research. The current situation is reviewed in terms of stabilization, performance, and development problems. Objectives and general directives include:…

Ministry of Education and Culture, Brasilia (Brazil).

130

STEm Minority Graduate Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

ABSTRACT The state of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education in the United States has seen some unfavorable assessments over the past decade. In early February, 2010 the House of Representatives heard testimony on undergraduate and graduate education. The message from the panel, which included experts from academia, STEM-based industries, and the National Science Foundation (NSF) was dire and required an urgent response. The experts along with the committee���¢��������s chairperson, U. S. Representative Daniel Lipinski (D-IL) cited that the complexity of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics applications and coursework and the methodology utilized to teach these subjects are forcing students out of these disciplines. As the National Academies described in its 2007 report Rising Above the Gathering Storm, successful STEM education is not just an academic pursuit���¢��������it���¢��������s a necessity for competing in the knowledge-based economy that the United States had a key role in creating. The potential for action is being made available again as the America COMPETES Act of 2007 is up for reauthorization. Its initial focus was on STEM education at the K-12 levels, but efforts at the undergraduate and graduate levels are needed to retain students to fill the jobs left vacant as baby boomers retire. The Educational Advancement Alliance, Inc. (EAA) has for two decades created programs that have not only addressed the issues of ensuring that students are aptly prepared for college but have focused its efforts over the past decade on increasing the number of students who pursue degrees in STEM disciplines. For the EAA, the introduction of the wonders of science begins at the elementary and middle school level via the Learning Lab, a state-of-the-art mobile science laboratory that visits students in grades 4-6 at the various schools throughout Philadelphia and The Math/Tech Academy which meets on Saturdays for students in grades 5-7. For the past two years the EAA has assisted college graduates in their quest to attain advanced degrees in STEM by providing fellowships. The EAA continued this effort by recruiting and providing fellowships to students who aspired to continue their education at the graduate level. The fellowships provided funding for tuition, fees, books, technology, and stipends to assist with room, board, and living expenses during the academic year and salary, transportation, and living expenses to those students who secured internships with the Department of Energy. Additionally the EAA designed and implemented needed support systems to ensure successful completion of the Masters degree programs, including but not limited to membership in professional associations, attendance at industry and academic conferences, and professional development workshops, and tutorial assistance if needed. This program assisted over 80 students directly and society-at-large by helping to educate and develop future physicists, engineers, biostatisticians, and researchers who will have the necessary skillsets to fill the increasing numbers of positions that require such expertise.

Kaen E. Nicholas

2012-09-20

131

External phenome analysis enables a rational federated query strategy to detect changing rates of treatment-related complications associated with multiple myeloma.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly useful for health services research. For relatively uncommon conditions, such as multiple myeloma (MM) and its treatment-related complications, a combination of multiple EHR sources is essential for such research. The Shared Health Research Information Network (SHRINE) enables queries for aggregate results across participating institutions. Development of a rational search strategy in SHRINE may be augmented through analysis of pre-existing databases. We developed a SHRINE query for likely non-infectious treatment-related complications of MM, based upon an analysis of the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care (MIMIC II) database. Using this query strategy, we found that the rate of likely treatment-related complications significantly increased from 2001 to 2007, by an average of 6% a year (p=0.01), across the participating SHRINE institutions. This finding is in keeping with increasingly aggressive strategies in the treatment of MM. This proof of concept demonstrates that a staged approach to federated queries, using external EHR data, can yield potentially clinically meaningful results.

Warner JL; Alterovitz G; Bodio K; Joyce RM

2013-07-01

132

External phenome analysis enables a rational federated query strategy to detect changing rates of treatment-related complications associated with multiple myeloma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly useful for health services research. For relatively uncommon conditions, such as multiple myeloma (MM) and its treatment-related complications, a combination of multiple EHR sources is essential for such research. The Shared Health Research Information Network (SHRINE) enables queries for aggregate results across participating institutions. Development of a rational search strategy in SHRINE may be augmented through analysis of pre-existing databases. We developed a SHRINE query for likely non-infectious treatment-related complications of MM, based upon an analysis of the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care (MIMIC II) database. Using this query strategy, we found that the rate of likely treatment-related complications significantly increased from 2001 to 2007, by an average of 6% a year (p=0.01), across the participating SHRINE institutions. This finding is in keeping with increasingly aggressive strategies in the treatment of MM. This proof of concept demonstrates that a staged approach to federated queries, using external EHR data, can yield potentially clinically meaningful results. PMID:23515788

Warner, Jeremy L; Alterovitz, Gil; Bodio, Kelly; Joyce, Robin M

2013-03-20

133

INFORMATION SYSTEMS GRADUATE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN BRAZIL INFORMATION SYSTEMS GRADUATE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN BRAZIL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta o Programa de Pós-graduação em Sistemas de Informação da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO) e suas estratégias para desenvolver pesquisas na área no Brasil. Essas estratégias incluem o projeto de áreas de pesquisa em Sistemas de Informação e do currículo do seu programa de Mestrado, a organização de cursos de pós-graduação em desenvolvimento de software, o envolvimento dos estudantes em projetos de extensão e a estruturação de um relacionamento saudável com parceiros industriais. O artigo é encerrado com a discussão dos desafios enfrentados pelo Programa para desenvolver suas estratégias e a pesquisa em Sistemas de Informação no Brasil. This paper presents the Graduate Program on Information Systems of the Federal University of the Rio de Janeiro State (UNIRIO) and its strategies to foster IS research in Brazil. These strategies include the design of IS research areas and the curricula for its Master degree course; the organization of graduate software development courses; the students' involvement in extension projects and the structuring of a healthy relationship with industrial partners. The paper concludes with the challenges faced by the Program to enforce its strategies and IS research in Brazil.

Renata Mendes de Araújo; Márcio de Oliveira Barros

2010-01-01

134

Fiscal Federalism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The central budget of a country collects only a fraction of the total fiscal revenues and executes only o fraction of the national public expenditures, the rest of the revenues and expenditures becoming the responsability of subnational governments. The economist Charles Tiebout developed a theoretical model which although makes an imperfect description of the reality, shows that people’s mobility is being influenced by tax rates and the amount of state/local expenditures. Thus, he suggests that the degree of responsibility that can be appointed to the local budgets should subscribe to the tax – benefits ratio, the extend of the positive externalities and the scale economies of public goods. Also, the issue of revenues distribution among communities is being raised, being identified three kinds of grants used by the public authorities: matching grants, block grants and conditional block grants. In the concept of fiscal federalism there can be found a limited analogy between national public finance theory and international public finance theory, with the international taxation as the pivotal element.

Tatiana Mosteanu; Mihaela Iacob

2007-01-01

135

Are Recent Medical Graduates More Skeptical of Vaccines?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rates of delay and refusal of recommended childhood vaccines are increasing in many U.S. communities. Children’s health care providers have a strong influence on parents’ knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about vaccines. Provider attitudes towards immunizations vary and affect their immunization advocacy. One factor that may contribute to this variability is their familiarity with vaccine-preventable diseases and their sequelae. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of health care provider year of graduation with vaccines and vaccine-preventable disease beliefs. We conducted a cross sectional survey in 2005 of primary care providers identified by parents of children whose children were fully vaccinated or exempt from one or more school immunization requirements. We examined the association of provider graduation cohort (5 years) with beliefs on immunization, disease susceptibility, disease severity, vaccine safety, and vaccine efficacy. Surveys were completed by 551 providers (84.3% response rate). More recent health care provider graduates had 15% decreased odds of believing vaccines are efficacious compared to graduates from a previous 5 year period; had lower odds of believing that many commonly used childhood vaccines were safe; and 3.7% of recent graduates believed that immunizations do more harm than good. Recent health care provider graduates have a perception of the risk-benefit balance of immunization, which differs from that of their older counterparts. This change has the potential to be reflected in their immunization advocacy and affect parental attitudes.

Michelle J. Mergler; Saad B. Omer; William K.Y. Pan; Ann Marie Navar-Boggan; Walter Orenstein; Edgar K. Marcuse; James Taylor; M. Patricia deHart; Terrell C. Carter; Anthony Damico; Neal Halsey; Daniel A. Salmon

2013-01-01

136

Competence development as perceived by degree and non-degree graduates in Japan: A longitudinal study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: A degree programme is believed to prepare graduates with a higher level of competence than their diploma counterparts. However, there have been inconsistent findings reported as to whether or not degree-graduates outperformed those who take diplomas. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify graduates' perceptions of competence development in their first year of employment, and to compare the competence levels of graduates with different educational backgrounds. DESIGN: This study adopted a longitudinal design. SETTINGS: This study has been performed in five hospitals in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: 122 Japanese graduates participated in this study. METHODS: The self-assessed competence of the graduates was collected in the 3rd, 6th, 9th, and 12th months of their employment using a survey method. The data were analysed using a linear mixed model. RESULTS: The results suggested that the graduates perceived their competence to be rapidly growing during the first half of the graduate year, and slowly later. The results also indicated that the graduates' perception of their competence showed a significant variation. The most striking finding of the study was that, on average, the non-degree graduates rated their competence higher than their degree counterparts. CONCLUSIONS: The current university orientation on emphasising intellectual and theoretical components of education, with less focus on practical components might have led to the development of lower competence among the BN graduates. A fine balance between theoretical and practical components needs to be established in a university curriculum.

Takase M; Nakayoshi Y; Yamamoto M; Teraoka S; Imai T

2013-05-01

137

Return rates of European graduate students in the US : How many and who return, and when ? Terugkeer van Europese doctoraatsstudenten in de VS : hoeveel keren er terug en wanneer ?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Although the EU has introduced various policies to foster student mobility within Europe, it remains a ‘stylized fact’ that the majority of student mobility is geared towards the US. Many students who choose to complete (part of) their higher education in the US may choose to stay there upon graduation, constituting part of the ‘brain drain’. However, if a considerable part of these students return to Europe, bringing with them additional human and social capital, they may benefit the European economy. In this context, we study the migration behavior of a sample of European economics students who obtained a PhD in the US. First, we find a high stay rate : 64 % are currently working in the US, whereas only 24 % move back to their home country and an additional 10 % move to another European country. However, there are substantial differences in remigration patterns among different European countries and regions. The majority of returnees return immediately upon completion of their PhD degree, however, there is still considerable return migration of initial stayers up until the point where they likely receive tenure. Within Europe, the UK is the preferred destination for PhD holders who do not return to their home country. Finally, increasing funding for European students to pursue a PhD in the US may boost return rates, as PhD holders who were funded by their home country are more likely to return.Hoewel de EU verschillende beleidsmaatregelen geïntroduceerd heeft om studentenmobiliteit binnen Europa te bevorderen, blijft het een algemeen aanvaard feit dat het merendeel van de studentenmobiliteit de VS als bestemming heeft. Veel studenten die (een gedeelte van) hun hogere studies in de VS afronden hebben de mogelijkheid om na hun afstuderen in de VS te blijven, en zo een deel van de ‘brain drain’ te vormen. Indien echter een groot aantal van hen terugkeren naar Europa, en daarbij additioneel menselijk en sociaal kapitaal met zich meebrengen, kan de Europese economie hier wel bij varen. In deze context bestuderen we de migratiebeslissingen van een steekproef van Europese economiestudenten die hun doctoraat in de VS behaald hebben. Ten eerste observeren we dat een hoog percentage verkiest in de VS te blijven : 64 % werkt momenteel nog steeds in de VS, terwijl slechts 24 % terugkeert naar hun thuisland, en een additionele 10 % zich elders in Europa vestigt. Ten tweede zien we dat de meerderheid van zij die momenteel thuis of in Europa werken, daar ook al werkten vlak na hun afstuderen. Binnen Europa is het Verenigd Koninkrijk de meest populaire bestemming voor doctoraatshouders die ervoor kiezen niet naar hun land van herkomst terug te keren. Ten slotte zijn er mogelijks argumenten om meer fondsen vrij te maken voor Europese studenten die in de Verenigde Staten hun doctoraat willen behalen, aangezien studenten die door hun thuisland gefinancierd worden meer kans maken om terug te keren.

Linda Van Bouwel

2012-01-01

138

Graduate Study in Psychology, 2013 Edition  

Science.gov (United States)

"Graduate Study in Psychology" is the best source of information related to graduate programs in psychology and provides information related to approximately 600 graduate programs in psychology in the U.S. and Canada. "Graduate Study in Psychology" contains information about: (1) number of applications received by a program; (2) number of…

APA Books, 2012

2012-01-01

139

Assessing Demand for Graduate and Professional Programs.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Graduate education is entering an era of market segmentation, varying student demand, and changing requirements from employers, meaning graduate students will assess graduate opportunities differently and institutions will assess programs differently. The traditional view of graduate study as preparation for a research or teaching career and…

Syverson, Peter D.

1996-01-01

140

A Graduation Stole Uniquely Designed for Physics  

Science.gov (United States)

In response to student requests, and to help celebrate the graduation of our physics majors, we have designed a graduation stole uniquely befitting physics. The design incorporates the four visible spectral lines of hydrogen--the Balmer series. Since the 2002 debut of the design, all our graduates have proudly worn their physics graduation stoles…

Day, Lawrence H.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Federal Student aid Handbook, 2002-2003. Volume 6: Federal Work-Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

|The Federal Work-Study (FWS) Program allows undergraduate and graduate students to work part-time to help pay for the cost of their education. Schools must use 75% of their FSW Program funds to compensate students employed in community service jobs. This volume describes the ways schools are required to use money from FSW program funds to…

Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

142

Clinical capabilities of graduates of an outcomes-based integrated medical program.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The University of New South Wales (UNSW) Faculty of Medicine replaced its old content-based curriculum with an innovative new 6-year undergraduate entry outcomes-based integrated program in 2004. This paper is an initial evaluation of the perceived and assessed clinical capabilities of recent graduates of the new outcomes-based integrated medical program compared to benchmarks from traditional content-based or process-based programs. METHOD: Self-perceived capability in a range of clinical tasks and assessment of medical education as preparation for hospital practice were evaluated in recent graduates after 3 months working as junior doctors. Responses of the 2009 graduates of the UNSW's new outcomes-based integrated medical education program were compared to those of the 2007 graduates of UNSW's previous content-based program, to published data from other Australian medical schools, and to hospital-based supervisor evaluations of their clinical competence. RESULTS: Three months into internship, graduates from UNSW's new outcomes-based integrated program rated themselves to have good clinical and procedural skills, with ratings that indicated significantly greater capability than graduates of the previous UNSW content-based program. New program graduates rated themselves significantly more prepared for hospital practice in the confidence (reflective practice), prevention (social aspects of health), interpersonal skills (communication), and collaboration (teamwork) subscales than old program students, and significantly better or equivalent to published benchmarks of graduates from other Australian medical schools. Clinical supervisors rated new program graduates highly capable for teamwork, reflective practice and communication. CONCLUSIONS: Medical students from an outcomes-based integrated program graduate with excellent self-rated and supervisor-evaluated capabilities in a range of clinically-relevant outcomes. The program-wide curriculum reform at UNSW has had a major impact in developing capabilities in new graduates that are important for 21st century medical practice.

Scicluna HA; Grimm MC; O'Sullivan AJ; Harris P; Pilotto LS; Jones PD; McNeil HP

2012-01-01

143

Clinical capabilities of graduates of an outcomes-based integrated medical program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The University of New South Wales (UNSW) Faculty of Medicine replaced its old content-based curriculum with an innovative new 6-year undergraduate entry outcomes-based integrated program in 2004. This paper is an initial evaluation of the perceived and assessed clinical capabilities of recent graduates of the new outcomes-based integrated medical program compared to benchmarks from traditional content-based or process-based programs. Method Self-perceived capability in a range of clinical tasks and assessment of medical education as preparation for hospital practice were evaluated in recent graduates after 3 months working as junior doctors. Responses of the 2009 graduates of the UNSW’s new outcomes-based integrated medical education program were compared to those of the 2007 graduates of UNSW’s previous content-based program, to published data from other Australian medical schools, and to hospital-based supervisor evaluations of their clinical competence. Results Three months into internship, graduates from UNSW’s new outcomes-based integrated program rated themselves to have good clinical and procedural skills, with ratings that indicated significantly greater capability than graduates of the previous UNSW content-based program. New program graduates rated themselves significantly more prepared for hospital practice in the confidence (reflective practice), prevention (social aspects of health), interpersonal skills (communication), and collaboration (teamwork) subscales than old program students, and significantly better or equivalent to published benchmarks of graduates from other Australian medical schools. Clinical supervisors rated new program graduates highly capable for teamwork, reflective practice and communication. Conclusions Medical students from an outcomes-based integrated program graduate with excellent self-rated and supervisor-evaluated capabilities in a range of clinically-relevant outcomes. The program-wide curriculum reform at UNSW has had a major impact in developing capabilities in new graduates that are important for 21st century medical practice.

Scicluna Helen A; Grimm Michael C; O’Sullivan Anthony J; Harris Peter; Pilotto Louis S; Jones Philip D; McNeil H

2012-01-01

144

Spatial Graduation of Fuel Taxes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Substantial differences exist among fuel taxes in various countries. These differences represent a form of fiscal competition that has undesirable side effects because it leads to cross-border fuelling and hence to extra kilometres driven. One possible way of solving the problem of low fuel taxes in neighbouring countries is to introduce a spatial differentiation of taxes: low near the border and higher further away. This paper contains an empirical analysis of the consequences of such a spatial graduation of fuel taxes for the Netherlands. We will analyse impacts on fuelling behaviour, vehicle kilometres driven, tax receipts, and sales by owners of gas stations. The appropriate slope of the graduation curve is also discussed. Our conclusion is that in a small country such as the Netherlands, a spatial graduation of fuel taxes will lead to substantial changes in fuelling behaviour, even when the graduation curve is not steep. Depending on the graduation profile implemented, the spatial differentiation of fuel tax will give rise to substantial problems for owners of gas stations in areas with decreasing fuel sales. 9 refs.

1999-01-01

145

Did the Introduction of Fixed-Rate Federal Deposit Insurance Increase Bank Risk: FDIC Center for Financial Research Working Paper, No. 2006-07.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors investigate whether the introduction of fixed-price U.S. federal deposit insurance increased the risk-taking of banks. We examine 70 financial institutions and find that banks in general became more risky after the introduction of deposit insu...

A. Saunders G. DeLong

2006-01-01

146

PhD and EdD Degrees for Mid-Career Professionals: Fielding Graduate University  

Science.gov (United States)

|Adult professionals are continuing their learning over the lifespan entering graduate school in their thirties, forties, fifties, and, even sixties. Knowledge is the new economic currency today and the increasing rate at which new knowledge is generated in the global world requires continuous learning. The author describes Fielding Graduate

Kuipers, Judith L.

2011-01-01

147

"How Are You Doing?" A Follow-up of Education Graduates of Spring 1985.  

Science.gov (United States)

The major purpose of this study was to determine the employment status of education graduates from the 1985 class at the University of Regina (Saskatchewan, Canada). Responses were received from 124 graudates. Information is reported on the following questions: (1) What was the employment success rate of education graduates? (2) To what locales…

Narang, H. L.

148

Graduates beliefs about career management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Career management is increasingly becoming an individuals' matter, despite the various activities organized by the different institutions to support career development and planning. An exploratory survey was conducted to determine what kind of beliefs graduates have about career management. Results indicate that graduates are aware of the importance of university knowledge for getting a job, the importance of knowledge and investment in education for positioning in the labor market, so they give priority to development opportunities that business brings opposed to the material rewards.

Babi? Lepa; Kordi? Boris

2012-01-01

149

Graduate diplomas in nuclear technology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) offers a graduate diploma program in nuclear technology that consists of a suite of six sub-specialties: Fuel, Materials and Chemistry; Reactor Systems; Operation and Maintenance; Safety, Licensing and Regulatory Affairs; Health Physics; and Radiological Applications. Four courses selected from a list that covers the knowledge and skill set of each sub-specialty have to be completed in order to gain a graduate diploma in the specific area. The program is designed to accommodate the needs of people working in the nuclear industry to upgrade their knowledge and skills, to promote career advancement and to provide a framework for lifelong learning. (author)

Bereznai, G. [Univ. of Ontario Inst. of Tech., Oshawa, Ontario (Canada)

2009-07-01

150

The Use of Surveys of Graduates (Outcome Studies) for Accountability and Academic Planning.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Federal and state govenmental agencies and committees increasingly request that postsecondary educational institutions supply outcomes data related to the employment and income of degree recipients from degree programs offered. Surveys of college and university graduates have provided information to meet these accountability demands. They have…

Henard, Ralph E.

151

Survivors Guide to Graduate Research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Provides advice for graduate researchers on how to get a research project started, research committee relations, design of the research project, keeping motivated, managing time, maintaining momentum, and safeguarding mental health during the research process. It is noted that the advice would be particularly useful for the completion of doctoral…

Cennamo, Katherine S.; And Others

1992-01-01

152

Graduate Training in Clinical Psychology: A View from the Consumer.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent graduates from doctoral programs in clinical psychology rated the adequacy of their training. Respondents were relatively satisfied with their training and were most satisfied with traditional skills in therapy and assessment. Results suggest that satisfaction with training and satisfaction with professional work role are not the same.…

Walfish, Steven; And Others

1980-01-01

153

Empirically based recommendations for content of graduate nursing administration programs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Scalzi and Wilson use consensus research as a basis for determining content for graduate programs in nursing administration. They ask, what do practicing nurse executives do on the job? One hundred and eighty-four nurse executives from acute care, home care, long-term care, and occupational health rated and ranked their job functions.

Scalzi CC; Wilson DL

1990-12-01

154

Professional behaviour of medical school graduates: an analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent graduates (1989-1990) of a traditional school of Chinese medicine were assessed by observers using a 10-item scale for professional behaviour in the non-cognitive realm. Overall, 10.7% of the graduates had low ratings on this scale. Of those who scored in the top two quartiles on this scale, 71.4% reported that 'Professional ethics' was the key determinant of their professional behaviour, whereas legal concerns were the prime motivator for only 3.6% of the top scorers. It was also found that students' scores in the medical ethics course correlated with their professional behaviour score to a statistically significant degree. PMID:7862000

Lu, Y H; Meng, X Y; Liu, X

1994-07-01

155

Professional behaviour of medical school graduates: an analysis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Recent graduates (1989-1990) of a traditional school of Chinese medicine were assessed by observers using a 10-item scale for professional behaviour in the non-cognitive realm. Overall, 10.7% of the graduates had low ratings on this scale. Of those who scored in the top two quartiles on this scale, 71.4% reported that 'Professional ethics' was the key determinant of their professional behaviour, whereas legal concerns were the prime motivator for only 3.6% of the top scorers. It was also found that students' scores in the medical ethics course correlated with their professional behaviour score to a statistically significant degree.

Lu YH; Meng XY; Liu X

1994-07-01

156

Federal databases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Accident statistics on all modes of transportation are available as risk assessment analytical tools through several federal agencies. This paper reports on the examination of the accident databases by personal contact with the federal staff responsible for administration of the database programs. This activity, sponsored by the Department of Energy through Sandia National Laboratories, is an overview of the national accident data on highway, rail, air, and marine shipping. For each mode, the definition or reporting requirements of an accident are determined and the method of entering the accident data into the database is established. Availability of the database to others, ease of access, costs, and who to contact were prime questions to each of the database program managers. Additionally, how the agency uses the accident data was of major interest.

1988-01-01

157

Russian Federation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the Russian Federation (RF), management of radioactive wastes will be carried out within the framework of the Federal Target Program for management of radioactive wastes and used nuclear materials for the period 1996-2005. The agency within the RF responsible for this program is the Ministry of Russian Federation on Atomic Energy. Current radioactive waste disposal activities are focused on creating regional repositories for wastes generated by radiochemical production, nuclear reactors, science centers, and from other sources outside of the nuclear-fuel cycle (the latter wastes are managed by Scientific and Industrial Association, 'RADON'). Wastes of these types are in temporary storage, with the exception of non-fuel cycle wastes which are in long term storage managed by SAI 'RADON'. The criteria for segregating between underground or near-surface disposal of radioactive waste are based on the radiation fields and radionuclide composition of the wastes. The most progress in creating regional repositories has been made in the Northwest region of Russia. However, development of a detailed design has begun for a test facility in the Northeast for disposal of radioactive wastes generated in Murmansk and Arkhangelsk provinces. The feasibility study for construction of this facility is being evaluated by state monitoring organizations, the heads of administrations of the Arkhangelsk and Murmansk provinces, and Minatom of Russia

2001-01-01

158

High school graduation requirements for students with disabilities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although increasing the high school graduation rate is now a national goal, requirements for graduation are not set at the national level. And, although the goal is said to include students in special education programs, what high school graduation means for these students is not clear. We collected documentation from state departments of education to examine high school graduation requirements for students in general, and for students with disabilities. Forty-four states use Carnegie course unit requirements ranging from 10.35 to 24.00 credits. Seventeen states currently have requirements for either a minimum competency test or an exit exam. Local education agencies in several states have the option of establishing more stringent requirements than called for in state guidelines. Exit documents that are awarded to students with disabilities (e.g., standard diplomas, modified diplomas, certificates of attendance) also vary from state to state, with similar requirements sometimes earning different types of exit documents in different states. These inconsistencies in graduation requirements and their implications for students with learning disabilities are discussed. PMID:9364898

Thurlow, M L; Ysseldyke, J E; Reid, C L

159

High school graduation requirements for students with disabilities.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Although increasing the high school graduation rate is now a national goal, requirements for graduation are not set at the national level. And, although the goal is said to include students in special education programs, what high school graduation means for these students is not clear. We collected documentation from state departments of education to examine high school graduation requirements for students in general, and for students with disabilities. Forty-four states use Carnegie course unit requirements ranging from 10.35 to 24.00 credits. Seventeen states currently have requirements for either a minimum competency test or an exit exam. Local education agencies in several states have the option of establishing more stringent requirements than called for in state guidelines. Exit documents that are awarded to students with disabilities (e.g., standard diplomas, modified diplomas, certificates of attendance) also vary from state to state, with similar requirements sometimes earning different types of exit documents in different states. These inconsistencies in graduation requirements and their implications for students with learning disabilities are discussed.

Thurlow ML; Ysseldyke JE; Reid CL

1997-11-01

160

Career Services for Graduate and Professional Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Career services tailored to the needs of graduate and professional students constitute an important strategy for fostering student success. Career services can help graduate and professional students explore careers outside academe, prepare for academic and nonacademic job searches, and make the transition from graduate school to professional…

Lehker, Tom; Furlong, Jennifer S.

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Undergraduate Psychology Courses Preferred by Graduate Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

Information about the undergraduate psychology courses preferred by graduate programs is useful for a number of purposes, including (a) advising psychology majors who are interested in graduate school, (b) undergraduate curriculum planning, and (c) examining whether graduate programs' preferences reflect national guidelines for the undergraduate…

Lawson, Timothy J.; Reisinger, Debra L.; Jordan-Fleming, Mary Kay

2012-01-01

162

Mississippi graduate DOE EPSCor trainee project. [First Annual Summary Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The promotion of an aggressive energy research initiative was identified as a goal of the Mississippi Research Consortium (MRC) from its inception in 1986. The Department of Energy EPSCOR Program has provided opportunities to address the needs and enhance the interactive programs of energy-related research in the State of Mississippi. The Mississippi DOE EPSCOR Graduate Traineeships Project is a program of education and research which will (1) increase the number of trained professionals in the energy sciences and technology, particularly those from groups traditionally under-represented in the field, and (2) interface with existing networks of universities, industry, federal, and state institutions involved in energy-related activities.

Wertz, D.L.

1992-08-01

163

How does the medical graduates' self-assessment of their clinical competency differ from experts' assessment?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The assessment of the performance of medical school graduates during their first postgraduate years provides an early indicator of the quality of the undergraduate curriculum and educational process. The objective of this study was to assess the clinical competency of medical graduates, as perceived by the graduates themselves and by the experts. Methods This is a hospital based cross-sectional study. It covered 105 medical graduates and 63 experts selected by convenient sampling method. A self-administered questionnaire covering the different areas of clinical competency constructed on a five-point Likert scale was used for data collection. Data processing and analysis were performed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) 16.0. The mean, frequency distribution, and percentage of the variables were calculated. A non-parametric Kruskal Wallis test was applied to verify whether the graduates' and experts' assessments were influenced by the graduates' variables such as age, gender, experience, type of hospital, specialty and location of work at a (p ? 0.05) level of significance. Results The overall mean scores for experts' and graduates' assessments were 3.40 and 3.63, respectively (p= 0.035). Almost 87% of the graduates perceived their competency as good and very good in comparison with only 67.7% by experts. Female and male graduates who rated themselves as very good were 33.8% and 25% respectively. More than 19% of the graduates in the age group > 30 years perceived their clinical competency as inadequate in contrast with only 6.2% of the graduates in the youngest age group. Experts rated 40% of the female graduates as inadequate versus 20% of males, (p= 0.04). More than 40% of the graduates in younger age group were rated by experts as inadequate, versus 9.7% of the higher age group >30 years (p = 0.03). Conclusion There was a wide discrepancy between the graduates' self-assessment and experts' assessment, particularly in the level of inadequate performance. Graduates in general, and those of younger age groups in particular, tend to overestimate their clinical skills and competency.

Abadel Fatima Taleb; Hattab Abdulla Saeed

2013-01-01

164

Support programs for new graduates in pediatric nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined intent to stay and the relationship between work satisfaction and burnout in a sample of new registered nurse graduates hired at a freestanding children's hospital. The following research questions were addressed: (1) Two years after initial employment, what is the percentage of new graduates who intend to stay on the job? (2) Is there a relationship between work satisfaction and burnout? (3) What is the turnover rate after the implementation of a support group program for new registered nurses? Of a target group of 75 new graduate nurses, 33 (44%) completed a modified version of Aiken's Revised Nursing Work Index and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. A majority of the registered nurses intended to stay on the job, with 87.9% reporting that they were satisfied with their current position and 97.0% reporting that they were satisfied with being a nurse. The correlation between job satisfaction and burnout was as follows: r = -0.684, F(1,30) = -21.71; p < .001. Of the participants, 39% reported an increase in the amount of time they spent with patients over the year, 27% reported an increase in the amount of time they spent documenting patient care, and 24% reported that the "quality of care" they were providing was better than 1 year ago. Before the implementation of a support group program for new graduates in 2006, the turnover rate was 7.6%; in 2009, the turnover rate was 5.7%. PMID:21462909

Messmer, Patricia R; Bragg, Jane; Williams, Phoebe D

2011-04-01

165

Support programs for new graduates in pediatric nursing.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examined intent to stay and the relationship between work satisfaction and burnout in a sample of new registered nurse graduates hired at a freestanding children's hospital. The following research questions were addressed: (1) Two years after initial employment, what is the percentage of new graduates who intend to stay on the job? (2) Is there a relationship between work satisfaction and burnout? (3) What is the turnover rate after the implementation of a support group program for new registered nurses? Of a target group of 75 new graduate nurses, 33 (44%) completed a modified version of Aiken's Revised Nursing Work Index and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. A majority of the registered nurses intended to stay on the job, with 87.9% reporting that they were satisfied with their current position and 97.0% reporting that they were satisfied with being a nurse. The correlation between job satisfaction and burnout was as follows: r = -0.684, F(1,30) = -21.71; p < .001. Of the participants, 39% reported an increase in the amount of time they spent with patients over the year, 27% reported an increase in the amount of time they spent documenting patient care, and 24% reported that the "quality of care" they were providing was better than 1 year ago. Before the implementation of a support group program for new graduates in 2006, the turnover rate was 7.6%; in 2009, the turnover rate was 5.7%.

Messmer PR; Bragg J; Williams PD

2011-04-01

166

Learning environment and graduates' transition period  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated the model of learning environment and graduates' transition period from higher education to employment. The responses to a questionnaire of 13,532 graduates from eight countries were analyzed using a structural equation modeling approach. The tested model indicates a close fit based on Chi-square = 233.34, df = 10, p < 0.001; Chi-square / df = 23.33; CFI = 0.984; RMSEA = 0.042. The results showed that learning environment, as composite of structure of courses, institutional support, infrastructure, student activity, and research, affects graduates competencies. Graduates' competencies were shown to have a significant relationship with graduates' transition period in term of job search duration. The higher graduates' competencies are; the shorter the transition period will be. In addition, transition period is also influenced by study abroad experience. Graduates with experience abroad reported to have a shorter period of job search.

Patria, Bhina

2013-01-01

167

Osteopathic graduate medical education 2010.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Osteopathic graduate medical education (OGME) continues to evolve. With the restructuring of the traditional osteopathic internship, which became effective July 1, 2008, for most specialties, the number of trainees in osteopathic residency programs has substantially grown. The authors detail the effects of the restructuring on OGME and provide an update on the current availability of OGME training opportunities. The present article does not, however, report data from the American Osteopathic Association Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA "Match").

Freeman E; Duffy T; Lischka TA

2010-03-01

168

High energy physicists and graduate students: 1981 census  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This listing of physicists and students associated with the US high energy physics program has been compiled in the Division of High Energy Physics of the Office of Energy Research of the US Department of Energy. This listing has been obtained by asking the research groups, laboratories, and other agencies involved to update previous information. This volume is in two parts. The first part is an alphabetical listing and includes only the name, rank, and institution of high energy physicists and graduate students. The second part of the volume is arranged by institution. Within each institution, the faculty (or permanent staff) and the graduate students are presented in separate alphabetical lists. For each person the entry indicates their birthdate, the year and institution of their highest degree, their rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and their sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is also indicated an estimated date for their degree. Where appropriate, a person is listed at more than one institution. Except as noted in the headings, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1981

1982-01-01

169

High energy physicists and graduate students. 1978 census  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This listing of physicists and students associated with the U.S. high-energy physics program was obtained by asking the research groups, laboratories, and other agencies involved to update previous information. The first part of this volume is an alphabetical listing and includes only the name, rank, and institution of high-energy physicists and graduate students. The second part of the volume is arranged by institution. Within each institution, the faculty (or permanent staff) and the graduate students are presented in separate alphabetical lists. For each person the entry indicates birthdate, the year and institution of highest degree, rank and institutional affiliation with starting dates, up to three items selected from a list of research specialties, and sources of federal support. For the graduate students, there is also indicated an estimated date for their degree. Where appropriate, a person is listed at more than one institution. Except as noted in the headings, the information is intended to indicate the situation as of January 1, 1978

1978-01-01

170

INTERDISCIPLINARY PERCEPTION: A VIEW OF STUDENTES GRADUATE IN NATURAL RESOURCES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The intention major duty of a conception of interdisciplinary thinking in the light of which is proposed by some of contemporary epistemologies and having education as a continuous process, can not distance themselves from reality concrete learner and educator, seeking consistency between saying and doing, between thinking and acting, between feeling and talking. Thus, this article aims to analyze the perceptions of students of an interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Natural Resources, Federal University of Campina Grande, in 2010. We used the exploratory research with quantitative and qualitative through semi-survey questionnaire structured. The deductive method was used. It was made using the techniques of descriptive statistics and factor analysis. The results found by Factor Analysis (FA) point to four factors relevant to the perception interdisciplinary study of the students, the first named Prospects for an Interdisciplinary practice - the largest total variance explained by the factor - 28.33%, the second by the Interdisciplinary Student Interest - 15.020%, followed by the third related to the Strategies or Interdisciplinarity in Environmental Graduate - 13.71% and finally the fourth Relevance of Focus and Lack of Integration of Disciplines Program – total variance 13.39%. It was felt that the challenges for the insertion of interdisciplinary programs in the Graduate Area Resources Natural can be overcome to the extent that this question, in fact, will be treated with greater consistency at the collegiate, teachers and students of way that can effectively reflect the needs that the environmental area need.

José Ribamar Marques de Carvalho; Ireneide Gomes de Abreu; José Mancinelli Lêdo do Nascimento; Gesinaldo Ataíde Cândido

2011-01-01

171

Brain Drain: Post Graduation Migration Intentions and the influencing factors among Medical Graduates from Lahore, Pakistan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The increasing migration of health professionals to affluent countries is not a recent phenomenon and has been addressed in literature. However the various facets of physician migration from Pakistan, the third leading source of International medical graduates has not been rigorously evaluated. The objective of the current study was to survey final year students and recent medical graduates in Lahore, Pakistan about their intentions to train abroad, their post training plans as well as to identify the factors responsible for their motivation for international migration. Method A self administered structured questionnaire was developed to collect respondents' demographic and educational characteristics, intention to train abroad, their preferred destination & post training intentions of returning to Pakistan. Various influencing factors which impact on medical graduate's motivation to train abroad or stay in Pakistan were explored using a 10 point scale. SPSS software was used for data entry and analysis. Results Of the 400 eligible respondents, 275 responded (response rate 68.7%). One hundred and sixty six respondents (60.4%) intended to train abroad either for a specialty (54.9%) or a subspecialty (5.5%) The United States and United Kingdom were the most preferred destination. While 14.2% intended to return to Pakistan immediately after training, a significant percentage (10%) never intended to return to Pakistan or wished to stay abroad temporarily (37%). Professional excellence and establishing quickly in the competitive market were the most important goal to be achieved by the respondents for intention for postgraduate training abroad. The most common reasons cited for training abroad were the impact of residency training on future career (mean score 8.20 ± 2.3), financial conditions of doctors (mean score 7.97 ± 2.37) and job opportunities (mean score7.90 ± 2.34). Conclusion An alarming percentage of medical graduates from Lahore, Pakistan intend to migrate for post graduate training, mainly to United States. A significant proportion wished to stay in the host country either temporarily or indefinitely. Impact of residency abroad on future career, financial conditions of doctors, job opportunities and better working conditions were some of the motivating factors behind the migration.

Imran Nazish; Azeem Zahra; Haider Imran I; Amjad Naeem; Bhatti Muhammad R

2011-01-01

172

Handbook 2006-2007: Federal Student Aid. Volume 3--Calculating Awards & Packaging  

Science.gov (United States)

Every eligible program, including graduate programs, must have a defined academic year. Award limits are generally connected to a period of time. For instance, all of the programs except Federal Work-Study have a maximum amount that can be awarded for an academic year or award year. This handbook is a resource for learning about Federal Student…

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

173

Formação docente e o ensino de Pós-Graduação em Saúde: uma experiência na UNIFESP/ Teacher development and Post-Graduate studies in Health: an experience at the Federal University of São Paulo/ Formación docente y enseñanza de Postgrado en Salud: una experiencia en la UNIFESP  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O artigo trata do significado atribuído à Disciplina de Formação Didático-Pedagógica em Saúde por egressos, nos Programas de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu da UNIFESP. O percurso metodológico compreendeu pesquisa bibliográfica sobre docência universitária; pesquisa documental à legislação nacional sobre ensino superior, docência e pós-graduação, e documentos relacionados à Disciplina; mapeamento dos egressos no período de 1998 a 2003, para composição (more) da amostra dos sujeitos que estivessem exercendo a docência; aplicação de questionário semi-estruturado a 112 egressos e análise dos dados orientada pela técnica de análise de conteúdo. Os resultados revelam influência da Disciplina na atuação da docência desses egressos, indicando sua importância para o processo de formação docente para o magistério superior em saúde. Abstract in spanish El artículo trata del significado atribuido a la Disciplina de Formación Didáctico-Pedagógica en Salud por alumnos que cursaron esa disciplina. Esta materia es ofrecida en los Programas de Postgrado de la UNIFESP. El camino metodológico comprendió pesquisa bibliográfica sobre docencia universitaria; pesquisa documental consultas a la legislación nacional sobre enseñanza superior, docencia, postgrado y documentos relacionados a la Disciplina; El relevamiento de lo (more) s egresados en el período 1998-2003 fue necesario para componer la muestra de los sujetos que ejercieron la docencia (112 egresados) a los cuales se aplicó un cuestionario semi-estructurado. El análisis de los datos, realizado por análisis de contenido, muestra que la Disciplina influenció eses sujetos que actúan en la docencia, indicando su importancia en el proceso de formación docente para el magisterio superior en salud. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to analyze the views and conceptions shared by the graduate students who attended the Pedagogy and Didactics in Health Sciences Course, offered by the Graduate Programs at the UNIFESP. The methodological approach consisted of bibliographic research on the higher education teaching; documental analysis involving the national legislation for higher education, teaching and graduate studies and documents related to this Course. Graduate students from (more) 1998 and 2003 were mapped in order to build the samples of those (112 egresses) that were involved in teaching activities. The data were collected through a semi-structured questionnaire. The data analysis, oriented by the Content Analysis Technique, reveals that this experience has an influence on the way these professors understand and practice their teaching skills, showing the importance for the faculty development at the higher education level in Health Sciences.

Freitas, Maria Aparecida de Oliveira; Seiffert, Otília Maria Lúcia Barbosa

2007-12-01

174

Role Preparation of Associate Degree Graduates.  

Science.gov (United States)

|The role of associate degree nursing (ADN) programs has changed dramatically in their 30 years of existence. The number of ADN graduates increased from 260 in 1954 to 36,434 in 1980, and 47.8% of all nursing graduates in 1980 came from ADN programs, as compared to 0.9% in 1954. These graduates have the best record of employment five years after…

Stokes, Lillian G.

175

Grad Rate at Highest since 1970  

Science.gov (United States)

America's high school graduation rate has notably improved, according to figures released last week by the National Center for Education Statistics. The "averaged freshman graduation rate" rose to 78.2 percent of public school students receiving a diploma in 2010, up from 75.5 percent the year before. In 2006, the rate was 73.4 percent, and in…

Adams, Caralee J.; Sparks, Sarah D.

2013-01-01

176

The employment status of 1995 graduates from radiation oncology training programs in the United States  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To quantify the employment status of 1995 graduates of radiation oncology training programs in the United States. Methods and Materials: All senior residents (149) and fellows (36) who completed training in 1995 were mailed an employment survey questionnaire by the Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology (ARRO). Telephone follow-up of nonrespondents achieved a 100% response rate. Twenty graduates who chose to continue training and five who returned to their home countries were removed from the study. Of the 160 who attempted to enter the U.S. workforce, 106 were men and 54 were women. Initial job status and job status at 6-8 months following graduation were determined. Results: Unemployment was 6.9% at graduation and 4.4% at 6-8 months. Underemployment (part-time employment) was 10.6% at graduation and 11.9% at 6-8 months postgraduation. Of those working part-time 6-8 months after graduation, 63% (12 of 19) did so involuntarily after unsuccessfully seeking full-time employment. For the 20 graduates who chose to continue training with fellowships, seven (35%) did so solely to avoid unemployment, four (20%) were partially influenced by the job market, and nine (45%) were not influenced by the job market. Adverse employment search outcome was defined as being either unemployed as a radiation oncologist or involuntarily working part-time. Excluding those who chose to work part-time, a total of 19 (11.9%) graduates at 6-8 months following graduation, compared to 22 (13.8%) at graduation, were either unemployed or involuntarily working part-time. In terms of gender, this represented 18.5% (10 of 54) of females and 8.6% (9 of 105) of males. In terms of geographic restrictions in the job search, 56% of males and 70% of females with an adverse employment outcome limited their job search to certain parts of the country. This compares to 62% of all graduates in this study with geographic restrictions in their job search. In terms of perceptions of the workforce and employment opportunities, 95% of all graduates believed there was an oversupply of radiation oncologists and 95.5% believed the job market was worse than what they had anticipated on entering training. Only 42.8% of all graduates were satisfied with the job opportunities available to them. A significant number of private practice positions (41%) did not offer a partnership track, and those that did so had an increased median employment period before partnership (3.25 years) compared to previous years. Conclusion: This is the only employment survey for any specialty in which a 100% response rate was achieved. Upon graduation, a significant number of residents and fellows were either unemployed or involuntarily underemployed. The job market absorbed only a fraction of them at 6-8 months. Most graduates, including those employed full-time, were not satisfied with the practice opportunities available to them during their job search. Many private-sector jobs did not offer a partnership track, and those that did required an increased employment period. A higher rate of involuntary part-time employment was seen for female graduates. Geographic restrictions in job search alone could not account for graduates being unemployed or underemployed, and could not account for gender differences. An overwhelming majority of 1995 radiation oncology graduates believed that the job market had deteriorated and that there was an oversupply of radiation oncologists. As one of two major studies tracking the employment status of radiation oncology graduates, we believe this study to be superior in methodology. We also believe this study presents data in a manner useful to medical students, training program directors, and healthcare policymakers.

1999-03-15

177

Graduates’ Employability Skills Based on Current Job Demand through Electronic Advertisement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In Malaysia, there is a profusion of evidence of high graduate unemployment since many graduates are found lacking of what are needed to acquire and to maintain their jobs. In this paper, graduate employability skills were analyzed based on four major criteria: qualification, academic score, experience and specific soft skills. The data and information used were extracted from 300 online job advertisements accessed via electronic databases at http://www.JobStreet.com.my from January to March 2011. A simple checklist form was developed to quantify the information from ads into quantitative data that was later keyed in the Statistical Package for Social Science for descriptive analyses. Based on the data, it was concluded that graduates with bachelor degrees were more likely to be employable due to high demand. It was also found that academic excellence based on CGPA was not the utmost factor for graduate employability. However, since less than one-third ads were free from work experiences requirement, fresh graduates only secured a little chance to be recruited. Another factor that limited graduates employability was high demand of specific soft skills requested by employers, among which were graduates with high quality of communication/interpersonal skills, foreign language proficiency, ICT/technical skills, high spirit of teamwork and specific personal attributes. Results concluded that graduate unemployment rate will continue to increase unless the Higher Education Institution (HEI) and the graduates are prepared to sharpen their soft skills according to market niche. It is suggested that the HEI work more closely with industries, professional bodies and society through the establishment of university-industry link cooperation that will become a catalyst for soft skills enhancement.

Nik Hairi Omar; Azmi Abdul Manaf; Rusyda Helma Mohd; Arena Che Kassim; Khairani Abd. Aziz

2012-01-01

178

The Influence of Graduate Advisor Use of Interpersonal Humor on Graduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study is the fourth in a series on various components of advisor-advisee communication. In the latest study, the influence of a variety of communication variables on the graduate advisor-advisee interpersonal relationship is examined. Graduate students' perceptions of their graduate advisors' use of humor as it relates to other…

Wrench, Jason S.; Punyanunt-Carter, Narissra M.

2008-01-01

179

Graduação em Saúde Coletiva: antecipando a formação do Sanitarista/ Graduating in Public Health: anticipating the graduation of Healthcare Professionals  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O trabalho apresenta, em linhas gerais, o projeto político-pedagógico para a implantação de um curso de graduação em Saúde Coletiva na Universidade Federal da Bahia, sob responsabilidade do Instituto de Saúde Coletiva. Contém os principais argumentos que justificam a criação do curso e descreve o perfil esperado dos egressos e o desenho curricular proposto, concluindo com uma análise da viabilidade de implantação do curso, levando em conta a conjuntura atual e as tendências da política de Saúde e da formação de pessoal em Saúde no Brasil. Abstract in spanish El trabajo presenta, en líneas generales, el proyecto político-pedagógico para la implantación de un curso de graduación en Salud Colectiva en la Universidade Federal da Bahia, bajo responsabilidad del Instituto de Salud Colectiva. Contiene los principales argumentos que justifican la creación del curso y describe el perfil esperado de los egresados y el modelo curricular propuesto, concluye con un análisis de la viabilidad de implantación del curso, tomando en cu (more) enta la coyuntura actual y las tendencias de la política de salud y de la formación de personal para la salud en Brasil. Abstract in english The work presents in general terms the political and teaching project for the implementation of a graduate course in Public Health at the Bahia Federal University, presided over by the Public Health Institute. It contains the main arguments justifying the setting up of the course and describes the expected profile of the graduates and the suggested design of the curriculum, ending with a feasibility study for implementation of the course, taking account of the present circumstances and political tendencies in healthcare and the qualification of healthcare professionals in Brazil.

Teixeira, Carmen Fontes

2003-08-01

180

Graduate Students' Perceptions of Contrapower Sexual Harassment  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study compared the perceptions of 172 graduate students to traditional versus contrapower sexual harassment. Graduate students are a unique sample due to their dual role as a student and a teacher. After controlling for attitudes toward feminism and sexual harassment, participants viewed contrapower sexual harassment as less indicative of…

Mohipp, Charmaine; Senn, Charlene Y.

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Graduate Students’ Views on Information Literacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to examine graduate students? views on information literacy with the aim of understanding their opinions and experience about some aspects of information literacy and its importance in academic work or research, and also to ascertain the sources of information graduate s...

Oware, Daniel Wilfred

182

Graduate Student Report, 1997. AIP Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The 1990s have seen change in the populations of graduate students in physics departments across the country. The Graduate Student Survey captures demographic characteristics of approximately 10,600 physics and astronomy students who were enrolled in the 1996-97 academic year. It describes the students' sources of support, areas of specialization,…

Mulvey, Patrick J.

183

Teaching Graduate Statistics: Toward a Continuing Conversation  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article presents the author's response to the comments provided by Farkas, Hardy, Williams, and Zipp regarding his article on the teaching of statistics in graduate programs. The author mentions two issues: Conceptually, what are the needs for making changes in the graduate statistics curriculum? And practically, what are the merits of…

Moran, Timothy Patrick

2005-01-01

184

International Student Perspectives on Graduate Advising Relationships  

Science.gov (United States)

International graduate students experience a number of unique challenges as they transition through their training programs. Surprisingly, relatively little research has been conducted on perhaps one of the most crucial predictors of international students' retention and success within their graduate programs: the advising relationship. Using a…

Rice, Kenneth G.; Choi, Chun-Chung; Zhang, Yanmei; Ye, Huan Jacqueline; Nesic, Aleksandra; Bigler, Monica; Anderson, Debra; Villegas, Jorge

2009-01-01

185

The Benefits of Acceleration: Graduation Advantages  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of acceleration (dual enrollment) on college graduation. Over 9,200 student records from 1996 to 2006 at North Iowa Area Community College were analyzed in a logistics regression model. Holding all other independent variables constant the odds that an accelerated student graduates compared to a…

Morrison, Michael C.

2008-01-01

186

Estimación de la Incidencia de Cáncer de Tiroides en Capital Federal y el Gran Buenos Aires (período 2003-2011) Incidences Rates of Thyroid Cancer in Buenos Aires (2003-2011)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La incidencia del cáncer de tiroides ha aumentado significativamente en las últimas décadas en el resto del mundo. En Argentina no existe un registro nacional de cáncer por lo que la incidencia del mismo no puede establecerse. Por lo tanto, nuestro objetivo fue estimar la incidencia de cáncer de tiroides en la población de la Ciudad Autánoma de Buenos aires y Gran Buenos Aires así como la relación por género y la histología en el período de 2003 hasta 2011. Asumiendo que la población de afiliados a la Obra Social de la Policía Federal Argentina es representativa de los habitantes de Buenos Aires y el conurbano calculamos que la incidencia es de 6,51 casos/100.000 habitantes/año, con un incremento en 25 años mayor al doble, con predominio del carcinoma papilar frente al folicular.Thyroid cancer incidence has significantly risen worldwide in the last decades. In Argentina, there is no national cancer registry; therefore its incidence can not be established. The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of thyroid cancer in the population of Buenos Aires City and suburbs, and the relationship between gender and histology over the period 2003-2011. Assuming that the population affiliated to the Social Security of the Argentine Federal Police is representative of the inhabitants of Buenos Aires City and suburbs, we estimate an incidence of 6.51 cases/100,000 population/year, with an increasing incidence of almost double from 1981-1986 to 2003-2011. An increase in papillary thyroid cancer was mainly responsible for this rising trend. Incidence rates were higher for females (11.76/100,000 women) compared to those for males (2.65/100,000 men). Among men and women of all ages, the highest rate of incidence was for tumor size < 1 cm.

Eduardo N Faure; María Jimena Soutelo; Gabriel Faraj; Rubén J Lutf; Guillermo J Juvenal

2012-01-01

187

Graduate Skills in Business Learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents the background to a general increase in interest in developing the graduate skills of undergraduates in business in Australian universities. The change reflects the call from industry for greater emphasis on these skills; changes in the existing skills of students commencing a business education; and in the perceived role of universities in developing their students’ capacities. The aim of our project, “Embedding the development and grading of generic skills across the business curriculum” (EDGGS), was to develop new ways of successfully embedding these skills in the curriculum. This article outlines the research methodology and presents our project outcomes. The project has made a significant contribution to the development of readily accessible material for the embedding of generic skills in the business curriculum, as discussed in this and the other articles in this Issue.

Tori Vu; Leigh N Wood; Brendan Rigby; Anne Daly

2011-01-01

188

Competency of new graduate nurses: a review of their weaknesses and strategies for success.  

Science.gov (United States)

Because of the ongoing nursing shortage and the increasing acuity of patients, new graduate nurses must master both psychomotor and critical thinking skills rapidly. Inadequate orientation leads to high turnover rates for new graduates. Health care leaders must examine the competencies needed for new graduate nurses to succeed in this environment. A critical review of studies (n = 26) was conducted to identify crucial competencies that are needed for new graduate nurses to be successful. Six areas were identified in which new graduates lacked competence: communication, leadership, organization, critical thinking, specific situations, and stress management. Strategies were identified to improve the transition of new graduates. Hospitals should consider implementing nurse residency programs that include strategies for clear communication and conflict management, prioritization skills, and leadership development. Schools of nursing should add communication strategies to their current focus on critical thinking, clinical reasoning, and simulation scenarios and include situation-specific skills such as end-of-life scenarios. Further research should focus on stress management, leadership, clinical reasoning, and evaluation of measurement tools for new graduates. J Contin Educ Nurs 2013;44(9):406-414. PMID:23799789

Theisen, Janelle L; Sandau, Kristin E

2013-06-24

189

Competency of new graduate nurses: a review of their weaknesses and strategies for success.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Because of the ongoing nursing shortage and the increasing acuity of patients, new graduate nurses must master both psychomotor and critical thinking skills rapidly. Inadequate orientation leads to high turnover rates for new graduates. Health care leaders must examine the competencies needed for new graduate nurses to succeed in this environment. A critical review of studies (n = 26) was conducted to identify crucial competencies that are needed for new graduate nurses to be successful. Six areas were identified in which new graduates lacked competence: communication, leadership, organization, critical thinking, specific situations, and stress management. Strategies were identified to improve the transition of new graduates. Hospitals should consider implementing nurse residency programs that include strategies for clear communication and conflict management, prioritization skills, and leadership development. Schools of nursing should add communication strategies to their current focus on critical thinking, clinical reasoning, and simulation scenarios and include situation-specific skills such as end-of-life scenarios. Further research should focus on stress management, leadership, clinical reasoning, and evaluation of measurement tools for new graduates. J Contin Educ Nurs 2013;44(9):406-414.

Theisen JL; Sandau KE

2013-09-01

190

Analysis of graduates' perceptions of an accelerated bachelor of science program in nursing.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Rapid expansion of second-degree programs as one approach to addressing the nursing shortage by increasing the number of graduates in shorter periods of time prompted the need for program evaluation to identify the outcomes, strengths, and best practices of these programs. This study used both quantitative and qualitative methods of inquiry to analyze the responses of 28 of 56 recent graduates of an accelerated baccalaureate program. Respondents rated components of the program from preadmission to graduation on a Likert scale and responded to open-ended questions regarding strengths and weaknesses of the program. Analysis included descriptive statistics for quantitative data and content analysis for qualitative data. The analysis showed a high degree of similarity between the quantitative and qualitative data. Highly rated program components, that is, opportunity for graduate course work and integration with graduate students, clinical skill practice and experiences, variety of teaching methodologies, peer and faculty support, were reflected in the themes of cohort bonding, variety of clinical experiences, and supportive faculty and staff. Outcomes of program satisfaction, National Council Licensure Examination pass rates, successful nursing employment, and graduate school attendance were supported by the data.

Kemsley M; McCausland L; Feigenbaum J; Riegle E

2011-01-01

191

Occupational mobility network of the Romanian higher education graduates  

CERN Multimedia

Although there is a rich literature on the rate of occupational mobility, there are important gaps in understanding patterns of movement among occupations. We employ a network based approach to explore occupational mobility of the Romanian university graduates in the first years after graduation (2003 - 2008). We use survey data on their career mobility to build an empirical occupational mobility network (OMN) that covers all their job movements in the considered period. We construct the network as directed and weighted. The nodes are represented by the occupations (post coded at 3 digits according to ISCO-88) and the links are weighted with the number of persons switching from one occupation to another. This representation of data permits us to use the novel statistical techniques developed in the framework of weighted directed networks in order to extract a set of stylized facts that highlight patterns of occupational mobility: centrality, network motifs.

Lungu, Eliza-Olivia; Militaru, Eva; Mocanu, Cristina

2012-01-01

192

[Graduate nursing teaching at Unicamp: policies and practices].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The authors analyse teaching at the graduate nursing program from Unicamp (SP), starting from the introduction of a new curriculum in 1997, in accordance to the curricular standards taken from Federal Law concerning education. In theory, the changes implemented subvert the established order. It has been a hard task to operate curricular reform in a public university that is experiencing a financial and management crisis--reflections of a neoliberal ideology in public education policies, which increasingly values scientific production to the detriment of initiatives toward quality teaching. The difficulties found demanded some considerations and the proposition of seven fundamental thesis in order to subsidize problem analysis and guide necessary interventions. Among them, the theme Policies and Practice in nursing teaching is focused in this text.

Nozawa MR; Kirschbaum DI; da Silva MA; Silva EM

2003-11-01

193

[Concept maps of the graduate programme in nursing experience report].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The conceptual map is considered a strategy that enables the development of critical thinking skills. The aim of this article was to evaluate concept maps produced by students to obtain an understanding of research projects. This is an experience report based on the Special Topic: concept map of the Graduate Program in Nursing/Federal University of Paraiba in February/2012. Methodology comprised interactive reading of concept maps, installation and use of Cmap Tools software and construction of concept maps. Concept evaluation included coherence, propositions, clarity of ideas and logical relation between concepts. This evaluation of maps revealed consistency among concepts, significant relationships, clarity of ideas and logical relationship between the stages of a research project. Results showed that the concept map is a valid strategy to evaluate the learning-teaching process and can be used for education, research and reflection in the nursing practice.

Bittencourt GK; da Nóbrega MM; Medeiros AC; Furtado LG

2013-06-01

194

Medicare program; hospital inpatient prospective payment systems for acute care hospitals and the long-term care hospital prospective payment system and fiscal year 2013 rates; hospitals' resident caps for graduate medical education payment purposes; quality reporting requirements for specific providers and for ambulatory surgical centers. final rule.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We are revising the Medicare hospital inpatient prospective payment systems (IPPS) for operating and capital-related costs of acute care hospitals to implement changes arising from our continuing experience with these systems. Some of the changes implement certain statutory provisions contained in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (collectively known as the Affordable Care Act) and other legislation. These changes will be applicable to discharges occurring on or after October 1, 2012, unless otherwise specified in this final rule. We also are updating the rate-of-increase limits for certain hospitals excluded from the IPPS that are paid on a reasonable cost basis subject to these limits. The updated rate-of-increase limits will be effective for cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2012. We are updating the payment policies and the annual payment rates for the Medicare prospective payment system (PPS) for inpatient hospital services provided by long-term care hospitals (LTCHs) and implementing certain statutory changes made by the Affordable Care Act. Generally, these changes will be applicable to discharges occurring on or after October 1, 2012, unless otherwise specified in this final rule. In addition, we are implementing changes relating to determining a hospital's full-time equivalent (FTE) resident cap for the purpose of graduate medical education (GME) and indirect medical education (IME) payments. We are establishing new requirements or revised requirements for quality reporting by specific providers (acute care hospitals, PPS-exempt cancer hospitals, LTCHs, and inpatient psychiatric facilities (IPFs)) that are participating in Medicare. We also are establishing new administrative, data completeness, and extraordinary circumstance waivers or extension requests requirements, as well as a reconsideration process, for quality reporting by ambulatory surgical centers (ASCs) that are participating in Medicare. We are establishing requirements for the Hospital Value-Based Purchasing (VBP) Program and the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program.

2012-08-01

195

[Cost teaching in graduate nursing schools].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The present study intends to analyse the implement of content related to Costs in the Management Applied to Nursing subject in Graduate Nursing Schools in Sao Paulo State. The descriptive, exploratory associative study with a quantitative approach was put into effect in 28 professionals at the Nursing Schools. The results demonstrated that 19 (67.86%) professors teach that subject in graduation. No statistically significant correlation or association has been found among Cost Teaching, the Number of Post Graduation staff and the type of Institutions they work for (Public or Private).

Francisco IM; Castilho V

2004-09-01

196

Entry of US Medical School Graduates Into Family Medicine Residencies: 2012--2013.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Analyzing the US medical school origin of family medicine residents highlights schools, states, or regions that have higher entrance rates into family medicine. METHODS: The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) 2013 Residency Census has a 100% response rate and lists information for family medicine residents who entered training July 2012. MD graduates are verified through medical school registrars or the American Medical Association's Physicians Masterfile data. The American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine provides data on DO graduates. Three-year rolling averages of graduates entering family medicine are calculated for Liaison Committee of Medical Education (LCME)-accredited medical schools. RESULTS: In July 2012, 3,523 first-year residents entered Accreditation Council for Graduation Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited family medicine residencies. Medical students from LCME-accredited schools account for less than half of the family medicine residents (46%). Public MD-granting medical schools graduate almost threefold more students into family medicine residencies than do private schools (1,101 versus 380). The Mountain, West North Central, and Pacific regions of the United States have the highest percentage of MD graduates (13.5%, 12.3%, and 11.4%, respectively) entering family medicine. Forty-five percent of MD medical students enter a family medicine residency in the state in which they attended medical school. CONCLUSIONS: LCME-accredited medical schools with lower percentages of graduates entering family medicine should examine the economic, environmental, and academic factors that may be causing low numbers of their students graduating and entering family medicine residencies.

Biggs WS; Crosley PW; Kozakowski SM

2013-10-01

197

Exploring the changing landscape of jobs for new graduates: practice, education, and new graduate imperatives.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Numerous expert sources have reported a reduction in positions available for new graduate nurses, largely because of general economic conditions, although there are conflicting data and significant geographic variances. Nursing education, nursing practice, and new graduates themselves must develop partnerships to better prepare graduates for more challenging employment searches so that these newest members of the nursing workforce are retained and available for practice in preparation for the expected shortage of nurses in the near future.

Sullivan DT; Fries KS; Relf MV

2012-01-01

198

Graduate entry to medicine: widening psychological diversity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background At Nottingham University more than 95% of entrants to the traditional 5-year medical course are school leavers. Since 2003 we have admitted graduate entrants (GEM) to a shortened (4-year) course to 'widen access to students from more disadvantaged backgrounds'. We have recently shown that the GEM course widens academic and socio-demographic diversity of the medical student population. This study explored whether GEM students also bring psychological diversity and whether this could be beneficial. Methods We studied: a) 217 and 96 applicants to the Nottingham 5- and 4-year courses respectively, applying in the 2002-3 UCAS cycle, and, b) 246 school leavers starting the 5-year course and 39 graduate entrants to the 4-year course in October 2003. The psychological profiles of the two groups of applicants and two groups of entrants were compared using their performance in the Goldberg 'Big 5' Personality test, the Personal Qualities Assessment (PQA; measuring interpersonal traits and interpersonal values), and the Lovibond and Lovibond measure of depression, anxiety and stress. For the comparison of the Entrants we excluded the 33 school leavers and seven graduates who took the tests as Applicants. Statistical analyses were undertaken using SPSS software (version 16.0). Results Graduate applicants compared to school leaver applicants were significantly more conscientious, more confident, more self controlled, more communitarian in moral orientation and less anxious. Only one of these differences was preserved in the entrants with graduates being less anxious. However, the graduate entrants were significantly less empathetic and conscientious than the school leavers. Conclusion This study has shown that school leaver and graduate entrants to medical school differ in some psychological characteristics. However, if confirmed in other studies and if they were manifest in the extreme, not all the traits brought by graduates would be desirable for someone aiming for a medical career.

James David; Ferguson Eamonn; Powis David; Bore Miles; Munro Don; Symonds Ian; Yates Janet

2009-01-01

199

Investigating higher education graduates’ entrepreneurship in Greece  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aims to analyse the issues and challenges related to university graduates’ entrepreneurship and self-employment. An extensive literature review analyses the relevant situation in European Union and Greece. Additionally, an institutional survey has been carried out concerning the career paths of a large number of graduates from Greek higher technological education. A detailed structured questionnaire was designed to collect rigorous data and to obtain deeper understanding of student choices. The randomly selected unbiased sample represented nearly 30% of the total population of recent graduates of five consecutive years. The method of telephone interviews was selected as the most efficient tool for collecting the required information. This paper reports on the analysis of the responses of 197 self-employed graduates regarding the motivation to start a business, the process through which they started their business, and financial issues concerning the start-up. The detection of significant effects towards graduates’ entrepreneurship through multivariate statistical analysis revealed that the most important factors are gender, degree grade, acquisition of a postgraduate degree, as well as the faculty and the specialty of the bachelor studies. The original results of the survey provide important insight into graduates’ self-employment. The paper also demonstrates the need for a systematic national strategy that will take advantage of innovative potentials, increase competitiveness and enhance the collaboration between government, educational and research institutions, as well as the industry.

Vassilis Kostoglou; Errikos Siakas

2012-01-01

200

Poultry science graduate students: challenges and opportunities.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

"What are you going to do next?" is a common question often asked of a student who has recently graduated with either an MSc or PhD degree. We should not be surprised to hear the answer "I do not know yet." I have talked with many poultry science graduate students who usually start thinking about their future careers a few months before defending their thesis. I personally believe that nothing happens overnight in this world (excluding political-related issues), so we as graduate students need to have a comprehensible and pragmatic strategy when it comes to answering the question "What to do next?" This paper is not about how graduate students can find a job because there are numerous sources of information that are readily available elsewhere. One of the key messages of this paper is that networking is of paramount importance when it comes to moving in the right direction after graduation. Consequences of any decision made at this stage will often have a far-reaching unseen influence on us for many years into the future. I am also fully aware that there are many things over which we do not have any control, but as graduate students, are we doing our best to prepare ourselves for the real world?

Yegani M

2010-05-01

 
 
 
 
201

The Causes of Reading Difficulty: The Perception of Iranian EFL Post-graduate and Under-graduate Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigates the causes of the reading difficulty as perceived by under-graduate and post-graduate EFL learners. 34 post-graduate and 36 under-graduate students at the University of Isfahan took part in this study. In particular, this study tries to know whether there is any difference be...

Shiela Kheirzadeh; Elahe Tavakoli

202

Self-assessed level of competence of graduating nursing students and factors related to it.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The transition from a nursing student to a professional nurse is both challenging and stressful. Competence of graduating nursing students is related to patient safety and there is a need for assessment of competence. However, there is a lack of research on the level of competence at the moment of graduation. OBJECTIVES: To describe the level of competence of graduating nursing students based on students' self-assessments and to identify possible related factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: The data were collected using an on-line survey (the Nurse Competence Scale) in 2011 and administered to 302 graduating nursing students in Finland practicing in their final clinical placement in university hospitals. The sample contained 154 students (response rate 51%). The data were analyzed statistically. RESULTS: The self-assessed overall competence was on good level (66.7, VAS 0-100). The competence was highest in helping role and in diagnostic functions, being slightly lower in therapeutic interventions and work role. Pedagogical atmosphere during the final clinical placement had a statistically significantly positive correlation with the overall level of competence. CONCLUSIONS: Graduating nursing students have good competence at the moment of graduation based on their self-assessments. Self-assessment is a basis for competence development, and systematic self-assessments should be used during the education. Teacher and supervisor assessments and knowledge-tests could be used alongside with self-assessments of competence to give a wider picture of the competence.

Kajander-Unkuri S; Meretoja R; Katajisto J; Saarikoski M; Salminen L; Suhonen R; Leino-Kilpi H

2013-08-01

203

Federal Medication Terminologies  

Science.gov (United States)

The Federal Medication (FedMed) interagency collaboration is organizing an agreed set of standard, comprehensive, freely and easily accessible Federal Medication Terminologies (FMT) to improve the exchange and public availability of medication information.

204

Preparedness for clinical practice - Perceptions of graduates and their work supervisors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The standards of performance of healthcare professionals are now well defined and used to determine health professional curricula. Empirical research evidence exists in medicine and nursing which explores how well these curricula prepare their students for clinical practice but not in the radiography profession. This research aims to determine how well prepared newly qualified radiographers were for clinical practice and to identify strengths and weaknesses in their preparedness to inform curriculum development. Methods: A postal questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to obtain data from newly qualified diagnostic radiographers and their work-based supervisors. The questionnaire assessed graduate preparedness against a number of items drawn from published documents which define UK radiographic practice. Statistical analysis, using ANOVA and Wilcoxon, examined differences between the groups' perception of preparedness. A sample of graduates and their work supervisors were interviewed to explore preparedness. Results: There were significant differences (p ? 0.05) between; the preparedness scores of the graduates and supervisors, with supervisors rating the graduates higher than the graduates themselves; subscales of teamwork (p ? 0.05), personal attributes (p ? 0.05) and digital skills (p ? 0.01). No significant differences were found between graduates employed in their training hospital and those employed elsewhere. Interview data revealed perceived areas of graduate strength, weaknesses and areas for curriculum development. Suggestions for improvement to the methodology were identified for exploring preparedness in other health professional programmes. Conclusion: The graduates were well prepared for their role as a diagnostic radiographer. Some curriculum development is needed in specific areas and advice on methodological improvement is offered

2008-01-01

205

Preparedness for clinical practice - Perceptions of graduates and their work supervisors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: The standards of performance of healthcare professionals are now well defined and used to determine health professional curricula. Empirical research evidence exists in medicine and nursing which explores how well these curricula prepare their students for clinical practice but not in the radiography profession. This research aims to determine how well prepared newly qualified radiographers were for clinical practice and to identify strengths and weaknesses in their preparedness to inform curriculum development. Methods: A postal questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to obtain data from newly qualified diagnostic radiographers and their work-based supervisors. The questionnaire assessed graduate preparedness against a number of items drawn from published documents which define UK radiographic practice. Statistical analysis, using ANOVA and Wilcoxon, examined differences between the groups' perception of preparedness. A sample of graduates and their work supervisors were interviewed to explore preparedness. Results: There were significant differences (p {<=} 0.05) between; the preparedness scores of the graduates and supervisors, with supervisors rating the graduates higher than the graduates themselves; subscales of teamwork (p {<=} 0.05), personal attributes (p {<=} 0.05) and digital skills (p {<=} 0.01). No significant differences were found between graduates employed in their training hospital and those employed elsewhere. Interview data revealed perceived areas of graduate strength, weaknesses and areas for curriculum development. Suggestions for improvement to the methodology were identified for exploring preparedness in other health professional programmes. Conclusion: The graduates were well prepared for their role as a diagnostic radiographer. Some curriculum development is needed in specific areas and advice on methodological improvement is offered.

Mackay, S.J. [School of Health Care Professions, Allerton Building, University of Salford, Manchester M6 6PU (United Kingdom)], E-mail: s.mackay@salford.ac.uk; Anderson, A.C. [Tameside General Hospital, Fountain Street, Lancashire (United Kingdom); Hogg, P. [School of Health Care Professions, Allerton Building, University of Salford, Manchester M6 6PU (United Kingdom)

2008-08-15

206

Factors Affecting Job Opportunities for University Graduates in China---the Evidence from University Graduates in Beijing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The problem of unemployed university graduates has become serious in China since the expansion of the higher education system in 1999, leading to an unemployment spell. Of China’s 5.6 million university graduates in 2008, 1.7 million are reported to have been unable to find jobs.  In this paper, the factors that determine whether a graduate finds a job in China have been studied. A duration model for this study indicates that the graduates find jobs faster if they come from colleges with higher reputation. In addition, study shows graduates with engineering and business degrees find jobs more easily, next is major of arts and social science. The graduates with law and science degrees find jobs more difficult. Other majors have no significant effects on job finding. Finally, female graduates find jobs more easily than male graduates particularly before the final graduation date and 1-2 months after graduation.

Jun Kong; Fan Jiang

2011-01-01

207

Factors influencing recent dental graduates' location and sector of employment in Victoria.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention of dentists in the public sector and rural areas in Victoria has become increasingly difficult in recent years. There are little available data on the factors that influence the sector and location of practice of new dental graduates. The objective of this study was to investigate the factors considered by new graduates in determining the location and sector of employment after graduation, and influencing any early changes in career path. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to dentists who Mgraduated from The Univrersity of Melbourne from graduated from The University of Melbourne from 2000-2003 who were currently practising in Victoria. There were 154 subjects to whom questionnaires were sent and 109 useable questionnaires were returned, a response rate of 74 per cent. RESULTS: Upon graduation, 53 per cent of the new graduates chose to work in the private sector only, compared to 15 per cent in public sector only and 33 per cent in both. At present, 71 per cent work in the private sector only, 17 per cent in the public sector only and 12 per cent in both. The most important factors for choosing to work in the private sector were receiving broad range of clinical experience, opportunities to familiarize with practice management and providing a continuity of care. The principal factors for practising in the public sector were clinical mentoring and advice, consolidating clinical skills and work environment. Initially, 48 per cent of the sample chose to work in metropolitan areas only, 39 per cent in rural areas only and 13 per cent in both. Factors that influenced the decision to work in rural areas were the broad range of clinical experience and remuneration, while the main factors for choosing to work in metropolitan areas were lifestyle and proximity to family and friends. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that a large proportion of new dental graduates initially chose to work in the public sector and rural areas on graduation primarily as a means of consolidating their clinical skills. However, retention of dentists in both these areas appears to be a problem, with less than 10 per cent of 2000-2001 graduates still than 10 per cent of 2000-2001 graduates still working in the public sector and only 20 per cent of 2000-2001 graduates still working in rural areas.

Silva M; Phung K; Huynh W; Wong H; Lu J; Aijaz A; Hopcraft M

2006-03-01

208

Graduate training in clinical psychology: a view from the consumer.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Recent graduates from APA-approved doctoral programs in clinical psychology were asked to rate the adequacy of their training in a variety of skill areas (N = 316). For the most part, respondents were relatively satisfied with their training and were most satisfied with traditional skills in therapy and assessment. Comparisons of males and females, practitioners and academicians, and traditional clinical vs. community-oriented programs resulted in few significant differences. In light of other recent findings, the present results suggest that satisfaction with training and satisfaction with professional work role are not the same. Implications of these results and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Walfish S; Kaufman K; Kinder BN

1980-10-01

209

Personality Traits: Business versus Technical Graduates  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Effective interactions depend largely on personality traits, which is a consistent and long-lasting tendency in behavior. In psychology, five major trait factors (Big Five personality traits) have been generally used to assess personality of people. The study highlights the practicality of importance-performance analysis as a means to assessing the importance of personality traits dimension that should be possessed by Malaysian graduates. The importance-performance analysis is used to evaluate the gap in personality traits possessed by Business and Technical Graduates. The study is carried out in two phases: Phase 1 which involves a focus group session and Phase 2 which focus on establishing a questionnaire appropriate to the study across a diverse range of industries. The questionnaires were distributed to managers selected from a sampling frame. Graduates’ personality attributes are analysed in terms of big five personality traits which include openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness and emotional stability traits. The findings of this study suggest that Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia should target improvements on a specific personality development component pertaining to openness and extroversion personality for business management graduates, and conscientiousness personality for technical graduates as part of the curriculum development strategies of these Higher Education Institutions.

Nurazariah Abidin; Salina Daud

2012-01-01

210

Weight bias in graduate school admissions.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Whether weight bias occurs in the graduate school admissions process is explored here. Specifically, we examined whether body mass index (BMI) was related to letter of recommendation quality and the number of admissions offers applicants received after attending in-person interviews. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants were 97 applicants to a psychology graduate program at a large university in the United States. They reported height, weight, and information about their applications to psychology graduate programs. Participants' letters of recommendation were coded for positive and negative statements as well as overall quality. RESULTS: Higher BMI significantly predicted fewer post-interview offers of admission into psychology graduate programs. Results also suggest this relationship is stronger for female applicants. BMI was not related to overall quality or the number of stereotypically weight-related adjectives in letters of recommendation. Surprisingly, higher BMI was related to more positive adjectives in letters. CONCLUSIONS: The first evidence that individuals interviewing applicants to graduate programs may systematically favor thinner applicants is provided here. A conscious or unconscious bias against applicants with extra body weight is a plausible explanation. Stereotype threat and social identity threat are also discussed as explanations for the relationship between BMI and interview success.

Burmeister JM; Kiefner AE; Carels RA; Musher-Eizenman DR

2013-05-01

211

Job requirements compared to medical school education: differences between graduates from problem-based learning and conventional curricula  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Problem-based Learning (PBL) has been suggested as a key educational method of knowledge acquisition to improve medical education. We sought to evaluate the differences in medical school education between graduates from PBL-based and conventional curricula and to what extent these curricula fit job requirements. Methods Graduates from all German medical schools who graduated between 1996 and 2002 were eligible for this study. Graduates self-assessed nine competencies as required at their day-to-day work and as taught in medical school on a 6-point Likert scale. Results were compared between graduates from a PBL-based curriculum (University Witten/Herdecke) and conventional curricula. Results Three schools were excluded because of low response rates. Baseline demographics between graduates of the PBL-based curriculum (n = 101, 49% female) and the conventional curricula (n = 4720, 49% female) were similar. No major differences were observed regarding job requirements with priorities for "Independent learning/working" and "Practical medical skills". All competencies were rated to be better taught in PBL-based curriculum compared to the conventional curricula (all p Conclusion Among medical graduates in Germany, PBL demonstrated benefits with regard to competencies which were highly required in the job of physicians. Research and business competence deserve closer attention in future curricular development.

Schlett Christopher L; Doll Hinnerk; Dahmen Janosch; Polacsek Ole; Federkeil Gero; Fischer Martin R; Bamberg Fabian; Butzlaff Martin

2010-01-01

212

General rates for electricity supply of utilities. [in the 8 regions of the Federal Republic of Germany: Schleswig-Holstein and Hansestadt Hamburg; Berlin; Lower Saxony and Bremen; North Rhine Westphalia; Rhineland-Palatinate and Saar; Hesse; Baden-Wuerttemberg; Bavaria]. Allgemeine Tarifpreise fuer elektrische Energie der beteiligten Elektrizitaetsversorgungsunternehmen. Stand Juli 1981  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Electricity supply rates of the various utilities are tabulated separately for households, agricultural uses and industrial, occupational and other uses. There are tables for tariffs based on real consumption price standards, and minimum-load rates. There are 8 regions within the Federal Republic of Germany: Schleswig-Holstein and Hansestadt Hamburg; Berlin; Lower Saxony and Bremen; North Rhine Westphalia; Rhineland-Palatinate and Saar; Hesse; Baden-Wuerttemberg; Bavaria.

1981-01-01

213

Athletes' and coaches' perceptions of sport psychology services offered by graduate students at one NCAA Division I university.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In recent years, there have been increasing calls for graduate programs in sport psychology to include supervised practicum experiences. While supervision and applied experience is vital to the professional growth of graduate students, periodic evaluations are also needed to determine students' effectiveness in providing sport psychology services. This study represented an initial attempt to assess athletes' and coaches' perceptions of services provided by graduate students at one NCAA Division I university. Analyses showed 118 participants' ratings of consultants' effectiveness were comparable to those provided by U.S. Olympic athletes for professional consultants in earlier research by Gould, Murphy, Tammen, and May.

Gentner NB; Fisher LA; Wrisberg CA

2004-02-01

214

Athletes' and coaches' perceptions of sport psychology services offered by graduate students at one NCAA Division I university.  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, there have been increasing calls for graduate programs in sport psychology to include supervised practicum experiences. While supervision and applied experience is vital to the professional growth of graduate students, periodic evaluations are also needed to determine students' effectiveness in providing sport psychology services. This study represented an initial attempt to assess athletes' and coaches' perceptions of services provided by graduate students at one NCAA Division I university. Analyses showed 118 participants' ratings of consultants' effectiveness were comparable to those provided by U.S. Olympic athletes for professional consultants in earlier research by Gould, Murphy, Tammen, and May. PMID:15077766

Gentner, Noah B; Fisher, Leslee A; Wrisberg, Craig A

2004-02-01

215

Training graduate students to be teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pedagogic education of graduate students, when and where it exists, is restricted to theoretical courses or to the participation of the students as teachers' assistants. This model is essentially reproductive and offers few opportunities for any significant curriculum innovation. To open an opportunity for novelty we have introduced a new approach in "Biochemistry Teaching", a course included in the Biochemistry Graduate Program of the Biochemistry Department (Universidade Estadual de Campinas and Universidade de São Paulo). The content of the course consists of a) choosing the theme, b) selecting and organizing the topics, c) preparing written material, d) establishing the methodological strategies, e) planning the evaluation tools and, finally, f) as teachers, conducting the course as an optional summer course for undergraduate students. During the first semester the graduate students establish general and specific educational objectives, select and organize contents, decide on the instructional strategies and plan evaluation tools. The contents are explored using a wide range of strategies, which include computer-aided instruction, laboratory classes, small group teaching, a few lectures and round table discussions. The graduate students also organize printed class notes to be used by the undergraduate students. Finally, as a group, they teach the summer course. In the three versions already developed, the themes chosen were Biochemistry of Exercise (UNICAMP), Biochemistry of Nutrition (UNICAMP) and Molecular Biology of Plants (USP). In all cases the number of registrations greatly exceeded the number of places and a selection had to be made. The evaluation of the experience by both graduate and undergraduate students was very positive. Graduate students considered this experience to be unique and recommended it to their schoolmates; the undergraduate students benefited from a more flexible curriculum (more options) and gave very high scores to both the courses and the teachers.

D.V. de-Macedo; E. de-Paula; B.B. Torres

1999-01-01

216

Training graduate students to be teachers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Pedagogic education of graduate students, when and where it exists, is restricted to theoretical courses or to the participation of the students as teachers' assistants. This model is essentially reproductive and offers few opportunities for any significant curriculum innovation. To open an opportunity for novelty we have introduced a new approach in "Biochemistry Teaching", a course included in the Biochemistry Graduate Program of the Biochemistry Department (Universidad (more) e Estadual de Campinas and Universidade de São Paulo). The content of the course consists of a) choosing the theme, b) selecting and organizing the topics, c) preparing written material, d) establishing the methodological strategies, e) planning the evaluation tools and, finally, f) as teachers, conducting the course as an optional summer course for undergraduate students. During the first semester the graduate students establish general and specific educational objectives, select and organize contents, decide on the instructional strategies and plan evaluation tools. The contents are explored using a wide range of strategies, which include computer-aided instruction, laboratory classes, small group teaching, a few lectures and round table discussions. The graduate students also organize printed class notes to be used by the undergraduate students. Finally, as a group, they teach the summer course. In the three versions already developed, the themes chosen were Biochemistry of Exercise (UNICAMP), Biochemistry of Nutrition (UNICAMP) and Molecular Biology of Plants (USP). In all cases the number of registrations greatly exceeded the number of places and a selection had to be made. The evaluation of the experience by both graduate and undergraduate students was very positive. Graduate students considered this experience to be unique and recommended it to their schoolmates; the undergraduate students benefited from a more flexible curriculum (more options) and gave very high scores to both the courses and the teachers.

de-Macedo, D.V.; de-Paula, E.; Torres, B.B.

1999-12-01

217

Student Financial Aid Handbook, 2000-2001. Volume 6: Federal Work-Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

|The Federal Work-Study (FWS) Program encourages the part-time employment of undergraduate and graduate students who need the income to help pay the cost of their education and encourages FSW recipients to participate in community service activities. This volume describes the ways schools are required to use money from their FSW Program funds to…

Department of Education, Washington, DC. Student Financial Assistance.

218

Federal Policies, State Responses, and Community College Outcomes: Testing an Augmented Bennett Hypothesis  

Science.gov (United States)

We estimate the impact of increases in Federal student aid and higher education funding, such as the recently proposed American Graduation Initiative (AGI), on the outcomes of community colleges, including enrollments, list and average tuitions, and educational quality. We develop a reduced form model of state-level education policy in which state…

Frederick, Allison B.; Schmidt, Stephen J.; Davis, Lewis S.

2012-01-01

219

The situation of radiation oncology practice training programs and their graduates in 1998  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To keep the profession apprised of current trends in the job market, the American College of Radiology (ACR) studied the employment situation of 1998 radiation oncology graduates and the status and plans of radiation oncology training programs in the United States. Methods and Materials: In April-May 1998, and again in a December 1998-January 1999 follow-up, the ACR surveyed all radiation oncology residency directors in the U.S. about the employment situation of their 1998 residency and fellowship graduates as well as changes in their programs. Eighty-five percent (71/84) of those surveyed responded. We compare current findings with similar 1997 and earlier surveys and report statistically significant differences (p ? 0.05). Results: By 6 months after graduation, there were no graduating residents or fellows who had not secured a position, although the status of two was unknown. At that time, about 93% of all graduates had secured positions that directors said reasonably matched graduates' training and personal goals. Program directors reported that accomplished and planned changes in their programs will reduce the annual number of residency graduates by about one-fifth since 1993. However, the number of beginning residency positions offered in 1998 was 149, up from 116 in 1997 and only a few percent below the 1993 level. By the December 1998-January 1999 follow-up, fill rates for offered training positions were 94% for residencies and 80% for fellowships, figures that are similar to those reported for past years. Directors' perceptions of the job market are much more positive. For example, only 11% of residency directors viewed the market as more difficult this year than typical of recent years, as against 48% in 1997 and 82% in 1996. Conclusion: Unemployment continues to be low, and another, 'softer' indicator, the job market perceptions of residency program directors, continues to improve. Possibly as a result, plans for program reductions are evaporating.

2000-01-15

220

A língua inglesa e a formação de mestres e doutores na área da saúde/ English proficiency and graduate studies in the health field in Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho investiga a língua inglesa como requisito na formação dos pós-graduandos da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, analisando os rendimentos acadêmicos no exame de proficiência e nas autoavaliações em relação à língua, bem como a importância que esses alunos atribuem ao inglês nessa fase de formação. Desenvolveu-se uma pesquisa exploratória com abordagens quanti e qualitativa, análise documental, questionários e entrevistas. Identificou-se qu (more) e os pós-graduandos se autoavaliam como bons leitores, consideram imprescindível o domínio da língua inglesa em seu cotidiano profissional e reconhecem que a maioria das pesquisas na área da saúde é veiculada em inglês. Seus rendimentos no exame de proficiência mostram que, de cada quatro alunos, um é reprovado na primeira tentativa; falam e escrevem pouco, e a maioria necessita de outro profissional para elaboração do abstract. Consideram o domínio da língua inglesa fundamental para profissionais que buscam se destacar num mundo competitivo, mas a exigência formal na pós-graduação é considerada uma sobrecarga. Entendemos que o inglês não é a língua dominante para a maioria dos pesquisadores, o que ocasiona um dilema para leitores e autores que querem atrair o interesse para seu trabalho. Apesar de a língua inglesa ser reconhecida como a língua franca da ciência e mediar o atual processo de publicação científica, esta discussão tem sido crescente e polêmica. Abstract in english This article analyzes English proficiency as a requirement for graduate studies at the Federal University in São Paulo, Brazil, analyzing students' performance on the proficiency test and their self-assessment and the importance they ascribe to the language during this phase of their training. An exploratory study was conducted with quantitative and qualitative approaches, document analysis, questionnaires, and interviews. Graduate students rated their own English readin (more) g skills as good. They considered a command of the language essential for their professional work and acknowledged that most research in the health field is published in English. One out of four students failed the proficiency test on the first attempt. Their speaking and writing skills were limited, and the majority needed another professional to prepare an abstract in English. They considered a command of English essential for professionals seeking to stand out in a competitive world, but viewed the formal English requirement for graduate studies as an overburden. English is not most researchers' first language, thus creating a dilemma for readers as well as authors who wish to attract attention to their work. Although English is acknowledged as the lingua franca of science and mediates the current scientific publication process, the issue has become increasingly controversial.

Iglesias, Sonia Regina Abdalla; Batista, Nildo Alves

2010-03-01

 
 
 
 
221

Graduate Library Institute for Spanish-Speaking Americans.  

Science.gov (United States)

Report in this document are activities of the third Graduate Library Institute for Spanish-Speaking Americans (GLISA). The institute is designed to provide coursework to fulfill requirements of the University of Arizona Graduate Library School, and to dev...

1979-01-01

222

77 FR 60956 - State Graduated Driver Licensing Incentive Grant  

Science.gov (United States)

...for the State Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) Incentive Grant program authorized under...comments in developing a rule implementing the GDL requirements under MAP-21. DATES: Written...implement graduated driver's licensing (GDL) laws. All 50 states have enacted...

2012-10-05

223

Admission and Placement of Foreign Graduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

|Foreign graduate students present many problems of a moral and ethical nature to U.S. universities, but if they are qualified on the basis of educational background and English language ability, they need to be accepted into American institutions. (Author/LBH)|

Tyler, Varro E.

1977-01-01

224

Experimental projects in graduate theoretical physics courses  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Some beginning graduate courses in physics at the University of Chicago have been taught with final projects in addition to or in place of written final examinations. Although these courses and many of the projects are theoretical, experimental projects have been encouraged, with some success. A few examples are discussed. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Association of Physics Teachers.}

Rosner, J.L. [Theory Division, CERN, 1211-CH-Geneva 23 (Switzerland)]|[Enrico Fermi Institute and Department of Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

1996-10-01

225

Graduate and medical education - 2000 and beyond  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The author addresses the fate and future of Graduate and Medical Education. The dominant concern lies with the identification of a reliable and continuous source of funding for the education, training and research experience of the students. The problems and the needs are discussed along with some potential remedies.

Putman, C.E.

1995-12-31

226

Intuitive expertise in ICT graduate supervision  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Intuitive expertise in the application of advanced interdisciplinary facilitation is the subject of this personal reflection on the graduate supervisory style of Professor David Squires in computers in education. This single-case reflective study examines the characteristics of effective supervision observed during masters and doctoral supervision at King's College in the years 1990-9. Interdisciplinarity in ICT graduate studies particularly requires a fluency of supervisory expertise in enabling supervisees to combine multiple complex perspectives from a number of fields of knowledge. Intuitive combinatory aspects of supervision are highlighted in this reflection on the role carried out by an academic expert in facilitating student success. This is examined from a perspective incorporating affective as well as intellectual elements, informed by characteristics identified in professional sports and performing arts coaching/mentoring. Key characteristics comprising a model of intuitive expertise in ICT graduate supervision were outlined. The resultant portrait aims to complement existing literature on graduate supervision, with reference to the field of ICTI computers in education relating to student hypermedia composition.

Jill Jameson

2002-01-01

227

Graduate Program Organization in Clinical Veterinary Medicine.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Graduate training in clinical veterinary medicine is discussed. The options available to the student and problems that must be dealt with are presented, along with the requirements to accomplish a finely structured program that satisfies the needs of both the trainee and clinical veterinary medicine. (Author/MLW)|

Horne, R. D.

1979-01-01

228

Present Situation of Graduate Studies, Brazil - 75.  

Science.gov (United States)

Graduate programs in Brazil in July 1975 were surveyed to obtain information about supply/demand and productivity. The tabular and graphic data cover institutions of higher education; number of courses, teaching staff, and student body. A minimum of narrative information is included. (LBH)

Ministry of Education and Culture, Brasilia (Brazil).

229

The Labor Market for College Graduates.  

Science.gov (United States)

During the spring of 1974 a series of seminars on student aid programs and student access were held in connection with the congressional hearings on Title IV of the Higher Education Act. The final seminar in the series focused on the labor market predictions and conditions facing college graduates. The presentations reported on four major areas;…

Holmstrom, Engin Inel, Ed.

1975-01-01

230

University Science Graduates' Environmental Perceptions regarding Industry  

Science.gov (United States)

Throughout the last decade, the issue of sustainable development has become a major public debate topic. University science graduates have the potential of playing an important mediatory role in this debate. This is because their scientific vocation not only provides them with scientific knowledge about the core issues involved, but also puts them…

Assaraf, Orit Ben-Zvi; Damri, Sigalit

2009-01-01

231

Development of the murdoch chiropractic graduate pledge.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: This paper reviews the origins of the learned professions, the foundational concepts of professionalism, and the common elements within various healer's oaths. It then reveals the development of the Murdoch Chiropractic Graduate Pledge. METHODS: A committee comprised of three Murdoch academics performed literature searches on the topic of professionalism and healer's oaths and utilized the Quaker consensus process to develop the Murdoch Chiropractic Graduate Pledge. RESULTS: The committee in its deliberations utilized over 200 relevant papers and textbooks to formulate the Murdoch Chiropractic Graduate Pledge that was administered to the 2010 Murdoch School of Chiropractic and Sports Science graduates. The School of Chiropractic and Sports Science included professionalism as one of its strategic goals and began the process of curriculum review to align it with the goal of providing a curriculum that recognizes and emphasizes the development of professionalism. CONCLUSIONS: The reciting of a healer's oath such as the Hippocratic Oath is widely considered to be the first step in a new doctor's career. It is seen as the affirmation that a newly trained health care provider will use his or her newfound knowledge and skill exclusively for the benefit of mankind in an ethical manner. Born from the very meaning of the word profession, the tradition of recitation of a healer's oath is resurgent in health care. It is important for health care instructors to understand that the curriculum must be such that it contributes positively to the students' professional development.

Simpson JK; Losco B; Young KJ

2010-01-01

232

The Impact of English-Language Proficiency on International Graduate Students' Perceived Academic Difficulty.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study investigated the relationship of English proficiency, measured by self-report and standardized test scores and selected nonlinguistic variables to academic problems perceived by 245 foreign graduate students. Self-rated proficiency, prior English training, and age were the most significant predictors of perceived difficulty. Language test…

Xu, Ming

1991-01-01

233

More on the Use of Graduate Student Instructors in the Introductory Economics Course  

Science.gov (United States)

Students of graduate instructors in principles of economics courses learned as much as students of regular faculty members. They also rated their instructors lower, although they received higher grades. The results are compared with those of Lamphear and McConnell (EJ 026 801) and Oates and Quandt (EJ 026 800). (IM)

Saunders, Phillip

1971-01-01

234

The Impact of Legalized Abortion on High School Graduation through Selection and Composition  

Science.gov (United States)

This analysis examines whether the legalization of abortion changed high school graduation rates among the children selected into birth. Unless women in all socio-economic circumstances sought abortions to the same extent, increased use of abortion must have changed the distribution of child development inputs. I find that higher abortion ratios…

Whitaker, Stephan

2011-01-01

235

Designing Graduate-Level Plant Breeding Curriculum: A Delphi Study of Private Sector Stakeholder Opinions  

Science.gov (United States)

|A broad-based survey using the Delphi method was conducted to garner current information from private sector stakeholders and build consensus opinions supporting key ideas for enhancing plant breeder education and training. This study asked respondents to suggest and rate topics and content they deemed most important to plant breeding graduate

Miller, Jane K.; Repinski, Shelby L.; Hayes, Kathryn N.; Bliss, Frederick A.; Trexler, Cary J.

2011-01-01

236

Factors Influencing the College Choice Decisions of Graduate Students. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of 1,068 admitted graduate students at the University of Michigan examined the relative influence of factors affecting college choice decisions. Factor analysis of ratings of importance of 31 college characteristics yielded dimensions upon which student decisions are based. These results were used to build five scales of importance and…

Kallio, Ruth E.

237

Follow-Up Study of 1993 Dental Hygiene Graduates. Volume XXII, Number 17, June 1994.  

Science.gov (United States)

In an effort to evaluate the effectiveness of its dental hygiene program, William Rainey Harper College (WRHC), in Palatine, Illinois, conducted a follow-up study of its dental hygiene students. The survey instrument was mailed to all 31 1993 dental hygiene associate degree graduates, and a response rate of 97% (n=30) was attained. Results of the…

Holt, Marianne; Lucas, John A.

238

HUMAN CAPITAL CONTRACTS IN CHILE: AN EXERCISE BASED ON INCOME DATA ON CHILEAN HE GRADUATES  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Given that a significant proportion of the Chilean education system is financed with household resources, we present human capital contracts (HCC) as an option for higher education financing for students facing financial constraints, but who could use their expected future income flows as collateral. We analyze the feasibility of HCC implementation in Chile over a set of college majors. We find that HCC can partially fund any college major in Chile and finance some majors (more) completely, under certain conditions. Among the variables analyzed, those affecting most severely the contract pricing are initial wage level after graduation and graduation rate.

L0ZANO-R0JAS, FELIPE ANDRÉS

2012-11-01

239

Occupational Medicine Graduate Training Program. University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health.  

Science.gov (United States)

NIOSH support for the Occupational Medicine Residency at the University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health remains instrmental in maintaining the strength of the program. These Training Grant funds have been used exclusively for trainee expen...

J. J. Schwerha

2006-01-01

240

Location of family medicine graduates' practices. What factors influence Albertans' choices?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To examine factors that influence family medicine graduates' choice of practice location. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, retrospective survey employing a self-administered, mailed questionnaire. SETTING: Family medicine residency programs at the University of Alberta (U of A) and the University of Calgary (U of C) in Alberta. PARTICIPANTS: Graduates (n = 702) who completed the family medicine residency program at U of A or U of C between 1985 and 1995. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Current practice location; 23 factors influencing current practice location; physicians' sex; community lived in until 18 years of age. RESULTS: Response rate was 63% (442 graduates completed the questionnaire). Overall, the most influential factors in attracting graduates to their current practice locations were spousal influence, type of practice, and proximity to extended family. Type of practice, income, community effort to recruit, medical need in the area, and loan repayments had a substantial influence on family physicians' decisions to practise in rural areas. Male physicians ranked type of practice, whereas female physicians ranked spousal influence, as having the most influence on choice of practice location. Significantly more female than male physicians identified working hours, familiarity with the medical community or resources, and availability of support facilities and personnel as having a moderate or major influence on their decisions. CONCLUSION: Differences between rural and metropolitan residents and between sexes affect family medicine graduates' choices of practice location. These differences should be taken into account in recruitment strategies.

Szafran O; Crutcher RA; Chaytors RG

2001-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

The Efficacy of Entrepreneurship Education: Perspectives of Irish Graduate Entrepreneurs  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents an analysis of the views of Irish graduate entrepreneurs on the efficacy of entrepreneurship education in fostering their development as entrepreneurs. It answers three key questions: (a) what was the graduate entrepreneurs' experience of undergraduate entrepreneurship education; (b) what was the graduate entrepreneurs'…

Fenton, Mary; Barry, Almar

2011-01-01

242

Social Class and Belonging: Implications for Graduate Students' Career Aspirations  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined the role that social class background plays in graduate students' career goals. Class background was significantly related to the extent to which students struggled financially in graduate school, which related to their sense of belonging in graduate school. Sense of belonging related to academic self-concept, which predicted students'…

Ostrove, Joan M.; Stewart, Abigail J.; Curtin, Nicola L.

2011-01-01

243

Information Seeking in Context: Results of Graduate Student Interviews  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract We conducted a qualitative research study examining the information seeking behaviours of Psychology, Sociology and Women’s Studies graduate students at a large research intensive university to determine how graduate students find information; the roles that faculty members, fellow graduate...

Marg Sloan; Kim McPhee

244

Academic Stress and Marital Adjustment in a Graduate Psychology Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

As the number of married college students increases, there is growing interest in the impact of graduate study on marital adjustment. In an attempt to determine whether studying psychology and marriage counseling would ameliorate the stressful effects of graduate study on spouses, 72 psychology graduate students who were specializing in Marriage,…

Hedstrom, Lloyd J.; Hedstrom, Betty J.

245

Important clinical teacher behaviours as perceived by university nursing faculty, students and graduates.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compared the importance of five categories of clinical teacher behaviours as perceived by university nursing faculty, students and practising baccalaureate graduates. A survey tool, developed for this study, contained 47 items; each item describing a clinical teacher behaviour. Participants were asked to rate the importance of each item on a seven-point Likert-type scale. Results showed similar perceptions of the importance of clinical teacher behaviours between the three groups of participants. However, significant differences were found between all groups when the perceptions of students in each of the 4 years of the nursing programme, faculty and graduates were compared. These results indicate a greater variability among students than between students, faculty and practising baccalaureate graduates. The importance of this study lies not only in the perceptions of the three groups and the questions this raises, but also in the conflicting findings between this and other studies. PMID:3844410

Knox, J E; Mogan, J

1985-01-01

246

Important clinical teacher behaviours as perceived by university nursing faculty, students and graduates.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study compared the importance of five categories of clinical teacher behaviours as perceived by university nursing faculty, students and practising baccalaureate graduates. A survey tool, developed for this study, contained 47 items; each item describing a clinical teacher behaviour. Participants were asked to rate the importance of each item on a seven-point Likert-type scale. Results showed similar perceptions of the importance of clinical teacher behaviours between the three groups of participants. However, significant differences were found between all groups when the perceptions of students in each of the 4 years of the nursing programme, faculty and graduates were compared. These results indicate a greater variability among students than between students, faculty and practising baccalaureate graduates. The importance of this study lies not only in the perceptions of the three groups and the questions this raises, but also in the conflicting findings between this and other studies.

Knox JE; Mogan J

1985-01-01

247

Federalism, Agenda Setting, and the Dynamics of Federal Education Policy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is part of a larger project on agenda setting in the U.S. federal system and the development of the federal education agenda since 1965. Two questions motivate the paper, one theoretical and the other empirical: (1) how does federalism affect the federal agenda?; and (2) what explains the development of federal involvement in K-12…

Manna, Paul

248

Federal Agency and Federal Library Reports.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents reports from: National Technical Information Service; National Archives and Records Administration; United States Information Agency; National Center for Educational Statistics Library Statistics Cooperative Program; Library of Congress; Center for the Book; Federal Library and Information Center Committee; National Agricultural Library;…

Wooding, Janet E; Lisowski, Lori A.; Gilliam, Bo; Chute, Adrienne; Fischer, Audrey; Cole, John Y.; Tarr, Susan M.; Norris, Brian; Mehnert, Robert; Brandhorst, Ted; Sherman, Andrew M.; Willard, Robert S.

1999-01-01

249

Streamlining Federal Education Programs.  

Science.gov (United States)

Proposes a way to streamline federal categorical program management while maintaining equity and equality. The proposal has three components: (1) incentives to state governments to adopt programs that meet federal objectives; (2) schoolwide coordination of programs; and (3) waivers from categorical program requirements under certain conditions.…

Mockler, John B.; Birdsall, Peter

1983-01-01

250

Associate degree coal mining technology programs in Illinois community colleges: perceptions of the graduates concerning the effectiveness of their preparation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study determined the perceptions of Illinois community college graduates of mining technology associate degree programs for the period May 1974 to May 1980. The three community colleges offering the programs were Rend Lake College, Southeastern Illinois College, and Wabash Valley College. A questionnaire was formulated and mailed in the Fall of 1981 to the subject graduates and (with two follow-ups) achieved a 53.0% response rate, or 283 of the 534 graduates with current addresses. (Of the total 634 graduates, 100 questionnaires were not deliverable by the post office). Based upon the analysis of data related to the research questions of the study, certain conclusions were drawn, namely: 1) the curriculum content, instructional quality, and facilities were at an acceptable level for the preparation of coal mining technology students; and 2) the Illinois associate degree coal mining technology programs have been functional in preparing students for mining careers.

Heaton, E.R.

1983-01-01

251

Medical graduates feel well-prepared for clinical work  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the coherence between the undergraduate medical program at Aarhus University and the foundation year. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional questionnaire survey included 503 doctors graduated from Aarhus University from the winter of 2007/2008 to the summer of 2009. RESULTS: The response rate was 73%. Approximately 73% of the respondents were in their foundation year or their first year of specialist training and 83% generally felt well-prepared. Respondents found that most of the learning outcomes of the undergraduate medical curriculum at Aarhus University are important for junior doctors. More than 90% of the respondents estimated that they were sufficiently prepared when it came to core outcomes such as history taking and physical examination. Five issues diverged considerably in importance stated and preparedness experienced: suggestion of diagnoses, initiation of treatment, pharmacotherapy, handling of own emotions and structuring of own learning. Also, 40% stated that their clerkships had only had little value in preparing them for their foundation year. CONCLUSION: Overall, graduates felt well-prepared and characterized the education coherent. However, the study raises major questions concerning clerkships and competence in treatments, pharmacotherapy and the more personal aspects of professionalism.

MØrcke, Anne Mette; Nielsen, Dorte Guldbrand

2011-01-01

252

Graduate Students’ Perspectives on Study Environment Based on Exit Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Graduate exit survey was conducted in the Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, UKM for students graduating from Masters and PhD programs between June 2010 to May 2011. A random sampling was responded by 82 students consisting of Malaysian and international students. The survey consisted of four main parts: respondents’ profile; assessment of learning gains; assessment of educational experience; assessment of academic and non-academic support issues and assessment of facilities and resources. All the data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 16.0. Learning gains were evaluated by relating the gains with six Program Outcomes (PO). PO6 on lifelong learning ability was marked “very good” by masters students (53.5%) whilst the majority of PhD students gave the highest score to PO1 on comprehension and in depth understanding of field study (72.7%). For educational experience, attribute on exposure to common and professional tools, was rated “excellent” with the highest percentage of 36.6%. A percentage of 42.7% was given to commitment of the lecturers/supervisors in assisting students for assessment of academic and non academic support issues. In terms of facilities and resources, security and safety was found to be the highest satisfactory factor (39.0%) among other factors.

Azah Mohamed; Fatihah Suja; Abdul Halim Ismail

2012-01-01

253

Embedding Graduate Skills in Capstone Courses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to explore the literature on capstone courses generally ? and capstones in undergraduate business degrees in particular ? to determine the role of these courses in embedding graduate skills, with specific emphasis on a study conducted by the authors and colleagues. The paper concludes by providing five core principles for embedding generic skills as a way of improving the design, teaching and assessment of capstone courses.

Liz van Acker; Janis Mary Bailey

2011-01-01

254

Evidence based post graduate training. A systematic review of reviews based on the WFME quality framework  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A framework for high quality in post graduate training has been defined by the World Federation of Medical Education (WFME). The objective of this paper is to perform a systematic review of reviews to find current evidence regarding aspects of quality of post graduate training and to organise the results following the 9 areas of the WFME framework. Methods The systematic literature review was conducted in 2009 in Medline Ovid, EMBASE, ERIC and RDRB databases from 1995 onward. The reviews were selected by two independent researchers and a quality appraisal was based on the SIGN tool. Results 31 reviews met inclusion criteria. The majority of the reviews provided information about the training process (WFME area 2), the assessment of trainees (WFME area 3) and the trainees (WFME area 4). One review covered the area 8 'governance and administration'. No review was found in relation to the mission and outcomes, the evaluation of the training process and the continuous renewal (respectively areas 1, 7 and 9 of the WFME framework). Conclusions The majority of the reviews provided information about the training process, the assessment of trainees and the trainees. Indicators used for quality assessment purposes of post graduate training should be based on this evidence but further research is needed for some areas in particular to assess the quality of the training process.

Damen Annelies; Remmen Roy; Wens Johan; Paulus Dominique

2011-01-01

255

Evidence based post graduate training. A systematic review of reviews based on the WFME quality framework.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: A framework for high quality in post graduate training has been defined by the World Federation of Medical Education (WFME). The objective of this paper is to perform a systematic review of reviews to find current evidence regarding aspects of quality of post graduate training and to organise the results following the 9 areas of the WFME framework. METHODS: The systematic literature review was conducted in 2009 in Medline Ovid, EMBASE, ERIC and RDRB databases from 1995 onward. The reviews were selected by two independent researchers and a quality appraisal was based on the SIGN tool. RESULTS: 31 reviews met inclusion criteria. The majority of the reviews provided information about the training process (WFME area 2), the assessment of trainees (WFME area 3) and the trainees (WFME area 4). One review covered the area 8 'governance and administration'. No review was found in relation to the mission and outcomes, the evaluation of the training process and the continuous renewal (respectively areas 1, 7 and 9 of the WFME framework). CONCLUSIONS: The majority of the reviews provided information about the training process, the assessment of trainees and the trainees. Indicators used for quality assessment purposes of post graduate training should be based on this evidence but further research is needed for some areas in particular to assess the quality of the training process.

Damen A; Remmen R; Wens J; Paulus D

2011-01-01

256

Evolution of a Graduate Environmental Science Program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: Environmental science programs vary widely in their curricula and pedagogical approaches. In part, this is due to the lack of a unified agreement on field identity. However, program differences are also the product of variable program histories. Approach: This essay described the founding and subsequent history of the Environmental Science Graduate Program at Oklahoma State University, its oldest and largest interdisciplinary program. An evaluation of this history was conducted to discern what lessons could be learned that may prove valuable to the establishment and operation of interdisciplinary programs elsewhere. Results: The 31-year history of OSU?s environmental science graduate program can be described as occurring in six evolutionary stages-from the circumstances that created the opportunity for its establishment as a program located in the graduate college, through slow growth, rapid expansion and maturation, uncertainty and institutional change, retrenchment and revitalization, and finally, relocation within the college of arts and sciences. Each new stage was triggered primarily by decisions of university administration and to a lesser extent by a change in program leadership. Conclusion: The lessons learned from our analysis of this history suggests that the success of interdisciplinary programs hinges on energetic, dedicated and risk-taking program directors; political and financial support from higher administration; support of affiliated faculty; cooperation with, or at least tolerance from, traditional departments; and creation of a sense of community and shared purpose among faculty, students, alumni, employers and donors.

Will Focht; Talya Henderson

2009-01-01

257

Testing an Academic Library Website for Usability with Faculty and Graduate Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives – This usability study was developed to observe faculty and graduate students’ reactions to a recent redesign of the University of Kansas (KU) Libraries’ website. The redesign included new navigational features, introduction of a federated search tool, a quick search box on the front page, and research subject pages. The study also provided the opportunity to observe the practices of faculty and graduate students in locating and retrieving information on the Libraries’ website.Methods – Ten participants (five faculty and five graduate students) representing diverse disciplines were solicited for the study. Participants were required to access the Libraries’ website to answer a series of questions regarding new and updated features of the website. Observational analysis using Morae™ software was conducted and interviews with each participant provided details of their opinions on how these new features would influence their research and teaching activities.Results – Most of the participants either did not notice or ignored the major website changes. Links to and locations of commonly used resources (e.g. catalogue; databases; e?journals) had been changed minimally, and the faculty and graduate student participants gravitated to those familiar features to complete tasks. Prior to the study, participants had not accessed the new discovery tools; however, once previewed, responses to the tools’ utility were generally favourable. After using the federated search tool on a familiar topic, several participants noted that, when directed to databases they had not previously considered, they were able to locate citations they had missed in the past. Observers noted pitfalls in navigating the site such as inconsistent underscoring of links, ambiguous terminology, and unclear icons meant to expand subject heading lists. Unexpected searching behaviours were observed, including inconsistent and lack of conceptual understanding in searching for e?journal content.Conclusions – This study provides evidence regarding the usability of a library website with a population already familiar with library resources. It demonstrated that faculty and graduate students are not interested in experimenting with new discovery tools but are amenable to their potential value to undergraduate students. The recent trend toward minimizing content and links on websites satisfies this population, one which is already comfortable with the basic attributes of a library’s website.

Judith Z. Emde; Sara E. Morris; Monica Claassen?Wilson

2009-01-01

258

Sero Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus among Some Fresh Nigerian Graduates  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objectives of this prospective study were to identify the infection rates of human immunodeficiency virus among different age groups, sex, of fresh Nigerian Graduates, generate data for intensive campaign against the dreaded HIV/AIDS in high institutions of Learning. We determined the HIV prevalence among young Nigeria graduates, who are currently carrying out their one-year National Youth service. In a cross section, a registrar was opened and these graduates willingly visited the register for free HIV testing and counseling. We evaluated the prevalence rates from October-November, 2007. Positive patients were referred to nearby treatment centers. Out of 167 fresh graduates, 8 (4.79%) had HIV infection and all of them do not have any prior information about their HIV statues. We recommend that Government and non-Governmental bodies introduce free HIV testing and counseling in Universities in the world and campaigns against HIV/AIDS should also be directed to Universities where most of the sexually-active lie.

N.C. Nwachukwu; A. Orji

2008-01-01

259

"Our federalism" moves indoors.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A great deal of the US Supreme Court's federalism jurisprudence over the past two decades has focused on the outer limits of federal power, suggesting a mutually exclusive division of jurisdiction between the states and the federal government, where subjects are regulated by one sovereign or the other but not both. This is not an accurate picture of American governance as it has operated over the past half century - most important areas of American life are regulated concurrently by both the federal government and the states. The Supreme Court's June 2012 decision clearing the way for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) to move forward thus should not be regarded as an affront to state sovereignty but as a realistic embrace of state power in its active, modern form. The PPACA is infused with multiple major roles for the states, and as the statute goes into operation over the next few years, states retain, and are already exercising, substantial policy discretion.

Ruger TW

2013-04-01

260

Notifiable events in systems for fission of nuclear fuels - nuclear power plants and research reactors whose maximum output exceeds 50 kW of thermal normal rating - in the Federal Republic of Germany. Annual report 1994  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The report presents a survey of notifiable events in nuclear power plants and research reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany that occurred in the given reporting period. The survey lists notifiable events both according to the German classification system of safety significance, S (immediate notification), E (prompt notification), as well as events classified under the INES system, (level 1 and higher), and notifiable events that have been re-classified after review. (orig.)

1995-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Notifiable events in systems for fission of nuclear fuels - nuclear power plants and research reactors whose maximum output exceeds 50 kW of thermal rating - in the Federal Republic of Germany. Third quarterly report 1995  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The report presents the survey of notifiable events in nucleus power plants and research reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany that occurred in the period covered. The survey lists notifiable events classified to the German safety significance categories S (immediate notification), category E (prompt notification), and to the international INES categories, as well as events that have been re-classified after review. (orig.)

1996-01-01

262

Federal halocarbon regulations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The federal government of Canada has developed the Federal Halocarbon Regulations under Part IV of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act. The intent of the regulations is to out into place new control measures for the end-use of Ozone Depleting Substances (OPS) and their halogens alternatives for activities in the federal house. The aims are to minimize releases, require recovery and recycling, establish reporting mechanisms and implement environmental awareness training. Also, the regulations will assist in the development of strategic plans for the use, control and phase-out of ODS and their Halogen alternatives. The regulations address federal departments, crown corporations, agencies and federal works and undertakings. These laws impose requirements on federal activities which are similar to those that provincial governments laws impose on the private sector, thereby closing regulatory gaps between the two levels of government. The laws focus on refrigeration, air conditioning, solvent cleaning, and fire protection systems. The regulated substances include: carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloroform, CFCs, Halon 1301, Halon 2402, bromofluorocarbons, HBFCs, HCFCs, HFCs, and PFCs.

NONE

1999-07-01

263

Graduating nurses' self-evaluation of information technology competencies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Using a standardized instrument, graduating baccalaureate nurses reported moderate information technology skills. The students were most confident in their Internet, word processing, and systems operations skills; the students' rated themselves lowest on care documentation and planning, valuing informatics knowledge, skills development, and data entry competencies. Exposure to the latest informatics systems was a priority. Students want fair access to informatics and technology-rich clinical settings; more realistic informatics and technology simulations; enthusiastic and capable faculty; and better hardware, software, and literature-searching support in agencies, classrooms, laboratories, and residences. Nursing programs, clinical agencies, and policy makers need to recognize that students are advancing beyond acquiring informatics skills to integrating health information literacy into practice. To facilitate current and future skills attainment and innovation, nursing informatics education and evaluation must keep pace.

Fetter MS

2009-02-01

264

Graduating nurses' self-evaluation of information technology competencies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using a standardized instrument, graduating baccalaureate nurses reported moderate information technology skills. The students were most confident in their Internet, word processing, and systems operations skills; the students' rated themselves lowest on care documentation and planning, valuing informatics knowledge, skills development, and data entry competencies. Exposure to the latest informatics systems was a priority. Students want fair access to informatics and technology-rich clinical settings; more realistic informatics and technology simulations; enthusiastic and capable faculty; and better hardware, software, and literature-searching support in agencies, classrooms, laboratories, and residences. Nursing programs, clinical agencies, and policy makers need to recognize that students are advancing beyond acquiring informatics skills to integrating health information literacy into practice. To facilitate current and future skills attainment and innovation, nursing informatics education and evaluation must keep pace. PMID:19260400

Fetter, Marilyn S

2009-02-01

265

[Graduates from a postgraduate program in cardiology: are the results of almost 30 years adequate?].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Stricto sensu post-graduation in Brazil was implemented in 1965 to increase university professors' teaching quality and to prepare full, independent researchers. The brazilian share in ISI publications has increased significantly since then, but little information is available on postgraduate quality. OBJECTIVE: To review 29 years of the postgraduate programs in cardiology at the Federal University of São Paulo and to analyze master and doctorate graduates' characteristics regarding their origin, publications and subsequent career. METHODS: We developed a questionnaire to evaluate 168 postgraduates who produced 196 theses (116 master's and 80 doctorate) over the period 1975-2004 and contacted 95.9% of them. Information on publications were obtained through the usual science databases. RESULTS: 30% of graduates came from the North-Northeast-Central West regions and only 50% returned to their original area. Mean age at admission was 32.5 and 34.9 years old for master and doctorate students, respectively; average program duration was, respectively, 39.0 and 43.2 months and approximately 50% went through it without any grants. Thesis publications throughout these 29 years averaged 36.5% for master's and 61.9% for doctorate, but any publishing afterwards occurred in 70.2 and 90.6% of the cases. The average impact factor of the published theses was 1.3 for master's degree and 3.1 for doctorate programs with 65.5% and 87.5% of Qualis A, respectively. Currently, there are graduates in 17 states of the country and 12 have became full professors. CONCLUSION: Although the stricto sensu program, especially the master's degree program, has many areas that need improvement, they seem to be contributing to improve professional quality and the number of brazilian indexed publications.

Brock L; Cunha E; Tavares JR; Gonçalves I Jr; Paola AA; Moisés V; Carvalho AC

2010-04-01

266

A blind area of family planning services in China: unintended pregnancy among unmarried graduate students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Status of premarital sex, unintended pregnancy and associated factors among Chinese graduate students remain unclear. And unmarried graduate students' needs of family planning services seem to be ignored. In the present study, we ascertained the prevalence rate of premarital sex and unintended pregnancy, as well as estimated the possible factors associated with unintended pregnancy among unmarried Chinese graduate students, and evaluated their reproductive health needs. METHODS: We obtained the representative sample of graduate students using a multistage, stratified, cluster design, and collected data using a questionnaire. RESULTS: We obtained 11936 responders. Premarital sexual intercourse was acknowledged by 24.2% of responders; unintended pregnancy was acknowledged by 4.8% of responders (19.8% of students active in premarital sex); and abortion was acknowledged by 4.6% of responders (96.7% of pregnant students). In multivariate analysis, the identified risk factors for unintended pregnancy among both genders that were active in premarital sex were: (1) having no steady lover [for males: odds ratio (OR), 1.96, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.41-2.70; for females: OR, 2.65; 95%CI, 1.56-4.84]; (2) younger age at the first sexual intercourse (for males: OR, 1.62, 95% CI, 1.22-2.15; for females: OR, 2.57; 95% CI, 1.64-4.02); (3) lack of condom use at the first sex (for males: OR, 1.13, 95% CI, 1.09-1.37; for females: OR, 2.81; 95% CI, 1.81-4.39); (4) unaware of the conditions of conception (for males: OR, 1.69, 95% CI, 1.31-2.19; for females: OR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.16-2.65); and (5) unaware that abortion endangers women's future pregnancy (for males: OR, 2.98, 95% CI, 2.15-4.14; for females: OR, 2.34; 95% CI, 1.23-4.46). Medical graduates were not less likely to have unintended pregnancy than nonmedical graduates for both genders. CONCLUSIONS: The avoidable risk of being unintended pregnancy among graduate students in China indicates that an urgent need to take action on how to delay the age of first sex, promote condom use at first sex, and acquire accurate contraceptive information, as well as improve skills to use reliable contraception among graduate students.

Zhou Y; Xiong C; Xiong J; Shang X; Liu G; Zhang M; Yin P

2013-01-01

267

Federated`s northern expansion project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An overview of Federated Pipe Lines` existing operations was presented. The company, which was created in 1958, has 1,800 miles of pipeline in Alberta and British Columbia with a capacity of 150,000 BPD of oil and 80,000 BPD of natural gas. An extension of the pipeline in northern Alberta and northern British Columbia is planned. Maps showing the existing pipeline and the route of the proposed extensions are included. The proposed pipeline would join Judy Creek Junction in Alberta`s Swan Hills, with The Dunvegan Plant in the Peace River and with the Taylor Plant north of Dawson Creek in British Columbia. 2 figs.

Peterson, B. [Federated Pipe Lines Ltd, Calgary, AB (Canada)

1997-12-31

268

Community Rating System: Effectiveness and Other Issues.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents the results of our review of the Community Rating System administered by the Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration (FIMA) within the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The report contains recommendations for corrective act...

2002-01-01

269

Assessing global partnerships in graduate nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

North-South partnerships in graduate nursing education can prepare students to address global healthcare issues, increase cultural competence, and build research capacity. However, the current literature does not include a critical and systematic assessment of partnerships using established guidelines. This paper has two objectives: 1) Find and refine a suitable measure to assess a North-South inter-institutional research and clinical partnership in nursing; 2) Pilot test an assessment measure and describe the results of a systematic institutional self-evaluation of a developing North-South research and clinical partnership within a graduate nursing program. The first objective was addressed by searching for, examining and selecting an assessment measure. The second objective was obtained by applying the assessment measure to a developing graduate-level research and clinical partnership between a Canadian School of Nursing and a Malawian College of Nursing; qualitative data collected included information from a document review and subjective experiences of partners. Results showed that when appropriate revisions are made to an existing guideline, it is applicable to use as an assessment measure for North-South inter-institutional research and clinical partnerships. Recommendations for improvement were made, allowing the guideline to be more specific for research and clinical partnerships. Results demonstrated that the existing Canadian-Malawian partnership was strongest in the guideline category of "shaping the purpose and scope of the partnership," and weakest in "partnership implementation and context." This paper implies that: 1) evaluation can strengthen partnerships and enhance educational experience for nursing students; 2) research comparing and contrasting different genres of partnerships could help determine which type is the most appropriate for an institutions' particular outcome goals; and 3) effective establishment and maintenance of North-South partnership occurs through an on-going process of evaluation. PMID:23664107

Birch, Amelia P; Tuck, Jodi; Malata, Address; Gagnon, Anita J

2013-05-09

270

Assessing global partnerships in graduate nursing.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

North-South partnerships in graduate nursing education can prepare students to address global healthcare issues, increase cultural competence, and build research capacity. However, the current literature does not include a critical and systematic assessment of partnerships using established guidelines. This paper has two objectives: 1) Find and refine a suitable measure to assess a North-South inter-institutional research and clinical partnership in nursing; 2) Pilot test an assessment measure and describe the results of a systematic institutional self-evaluation of a developing North-South research and clinical partnership within a graduate nursing program. The first objective was addressed by searching for, examining and selecting an assessment measure. The second objective was obtained by applying the assessment measure to a developing graduate-level research and clinical partnership between a Canadian School of Nursing and a Malawian College of Nursing; qualitative data collected included information from a document review and subjective experiences of partners. Results showed that when appropriate revisions are made to an existing guideline, it is applicable to use as an assessment measure for North-South inter-institutional research and clinical partnerships. Recommendations for improvement were made, allowing the guideline to be more specific for research and clinical partnerships. Results demonstrated that the existing Canadian-Malawian partnership was strongest in the guideline category of "shaping the purpose and scope of the partnership," and weakest in "partnership implementation and context." This paper implies that: 1) evaluation can strengthen partnerships and enhance educational experience for nursing students; 2) research comparing and contrasting different genres of partnerships could help determine which type is the most appropriate for an institutions' particular outcome goals; and 3) effective establishment and maintenance of North-South partnership occurs through an on-going process of evaluation.

Birch AP; Tuck J; Malata A; Gagnon AJ

2013-11-01

271

Graduated driver licensing research, 2010-present.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This is the latest in a series of reviews of research on graduated driver licensing (GDL) published in the Journal of Safety Research, covering the period January 1, 2010-June 1, 2012 and works in progress. The intent is to keep researchers and policy makers current regarding the existing state of knowledge about GDL, and to identify information gaps and areas where clarification of research findings are needed. The recent research indicates that we continue to learn about ways to extend GDL benefits, but there remain important questions in need of further inquiry. In terms of impact on industry, the review provides guidance for the future GDL research agenda.

Williams AF; Tefft BC; Grabowski JG

2012-07-01

272

Assessing graduate student progress in engineering ethics.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Under a grant from the National Science Foundation, the authors (and others) undertook to integrate ethics into graduate engineering classes at three universities-and to assess success in a way allowing comparison across classes (and institutions). This paper describes the attempt to carry out that assessment. Standard methods of assessment turned out to demand too much class time. Under pressure from instructors, the authors developed an alternative method that is both specific in content to individual classes and allows comparison across classes. Results are statistically significant for ethical sensitivity and knowledge. They show measurable improvement in a single semester.

Davis M; Feinerman A

2012-06-01

273

Cinderella Revisited: A Historical Perspective to Graduate Work in Retailing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The retail industry has been employing more graduates in recent years but unfortunately, ithas been met with limited success. The purpose of this paper is to provide a historical perspective tothe employment of graduates in the retail industry by firstly examining the nature of retail work andhow it has changed over the last century. Subsequently, the paper examines the debate on the role ofeducation and training in the retail industry. Drawing on these examinations, the paper concludes thatretailers need to realign their graduate employment policies to match what they are able to offer towhat graduates need.

Ho Keat Leng

2013-01-01

274

Graduate education and research in the ERA of large accelerators  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Questions and concerns of the experimental particle physics community are addressed in these categories: quality of research, independence, creativity, evaluation and recognition, and value in graduate education. (LEW)

Perl, M.L.

1988-04-01

275

Graduate education and research in the ERA of large accelerators  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Questions and concerns of the experimental particle physics community are addressed in these categories: quality of research, independence, creativity, evaluation and recognition, and value in graduate education.

1988-01-01

276

Can we predict 4-year graduation in podiatric medical school using admission data?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: This study examined the predictive ability of educational background and demographic variables, available at the admission stage, to identify applicants who will graduate in 4 years from podiatric medical school. METHODS: A logistic regression model was used to identify two predictors of 4-year graduation: age at matriculation and total Medical College Admission Test score. The model was cross-validated using a second independent sample from the same population. Cross-validation gives greater confidence that the results could be more generally applied. RESULTS: Total Medical College Admission Test score was the strongest predictor of 4-year graduation, with age at matriculation being a statistically significant but weaker predictor. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the model's capacity to predict 4-year graduation better than random assignment, a sufficient amount of error in prediction remained, suggesting that important predictors are missing from the model. Furthermore, the high rate of false-positives makes it inappropriate to use age and Medical College Admission Test score as admission screens in an attempt to eliminate attrition by not accepting at-risk students.

Sesodia S; Molnar D; Shaw GP

2012-11-01

277

Stakeholder perspectives on outcome expectations of pharmacy graduates from a Caribbean school of pharmacy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To explore stakeholders' views regarding the performance of pharmacy graduates upon entering the workforce and to identify curricular deficiencies and possible solutions. METHODS: Practicing pharmacists, many of whom were members of government and pharmacy organizations, were asked to complete a 40-item questionnaire to determine their views regarding the educational outcomes of pharmacy graduates from a Caribbean pharmacy school. In addition, the stakeholders participated in focus group discussions to capture feedback not gathered on the questionnaire. RESULTS: Ten stakeholders completed the questionnaire and 11 participated in the focus group discussions. Stakeholders rated graduates higher than average in 13 educational outcomes: application of knowledge and skills, patient care, communication skills, confidentiality, ethics, problem solving, and innovation. However, responses to open-ended questions and comments made during the focus group discussions identified deficiencies, which included a lack of clinical faculty members and qualified preceptors to teach pharmacy students, and the need to revise basic sciences courses. CONCLUSION: Feedback from key stakeholders suggests that the quality of pharmacy graduates is above average for the most part; however, additional work is needed to address the deficiencies identified.

Sealy PI; Williams S; Sa B; Ignacio DN; Extavour RM

2013-06-01

278

Postgraduate specialties interest, career choices and qualifications earned by male dentists graduated from King Saud University.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Objectives: To study the career development of male graduates of King Saud University (KSU), College of Dentistry in terms of pursuit of postgraduate dental education, higher degrees or Board Certification, choice of universities and countries of study, and place of work after qualification. Methods: A questionnaire survey was carried out through face to face or telephone interview among 666 KSU graduates of 1982-2004. Results: 80% (532 graduates) response rate. (77%) finished postgraduate dental education. 17% specialized in Prosthodontics, 16% in Saudi Board Advanced Restorative Dentistry, 14% in Advanced General Dentistry, 10.5% in Orthodontics, 10% in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 8.3% in Pediatric Dentistry, 7.7% in Endodontics, 6% in Periodontics, 5.5% in Operative Dentistry, 5% in other Specialties. 61% had a Master's degree and 16% had a Doctorate degree. 23% had Board Certificates and 8% had a Fellowship Certificate. (78%) are working in the government, 15% at the university and 6% in private, and 19% in administrative positions. Conclusion: Most of the dental graduates were motivated and eager to continue their postgraduate education to get either clinical specialty or academic degrees from nationally and internationally well recognized and known Universities and programs.

Al-Dlaigan YH; Al-Sadhan R; Al-Ghamdi M; Al-Shahrani A; Al-Shahrani M

2011-04-01

279

The results of Trichophyton tonsurans screening examinations and infection management in University Judo Federation of Tokyo athletes over a 4-year period.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: T. tonsurans infection is spreading among combat sport athletes in Japan, and preventive measures are necessary. METHODS: A questionnaire survey and hairbrush-culture tests were conducted over a 4-year period on university judo athletes from about 50 university teams affiliated with the University Judo Federation of Tokyo. Culture-positive individuals were given specific treatment recommendations based on culture results and were advised to seek treatment at a medical clinic. Culture-positive individuals were re-tested at 3 months post-treatment. RESULTS: Approximately 65% of participants reported a history of T. tonsurans infection. The incidence of hairbrush culture-positive individuals overall gradually decreased from 11.3% (academic year 2008) to 5.4% (2011). Each year the incoming freshmen had the highest infection rate of the four academic classes. Beginning in 2009 the infection rates decreased sharply among those who had participated in the survey the previous year, and the decreases continued the following year (s) until graduation. Among culture-positive individuals, the incidence of asymptomatic carriers increased each year, from 86% in 2008 to 98% in 2011. The culture-negative conversion rate was 86% overall for those undergoing treatment. CONCLUSION: Preventive measures against T. tonsurans infection in the University Judo Federation of Tokyo were successful in increasing awareness of the disease, lowering the incidence of infection, and detecting asymptomatic carriers who require treatment.

Hirose N; Tamura M; Suganami M; Ogawa YS; Hiruma M

2012-01-01

280

Federalism and Global Governance  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is becoming increasingly clear that the concept of the absolutely sovereign nation-state is a dangerous anachronism in a world of thermonuclear weapons, instantaneous communication, and economic interdependence. Probably our best hope for the future lies in developing the United Nations into a World Federation. The strengthened United Nations should have a legislature with the power to make laws that are binding on individuals, and the ability to arrest and try individual political leaders for violations of these laws. The world federation should also have the power of taxation, and the military and legal powers necessary to guarantee the human rights of ethnic minorities within nations.

John Scales Avery

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Federal water policy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Federal Water Policy is a statement of the federal government's philosophy and goals for the nation's freshwater resources, and of the proposed ways of achieving them in cooperation with provincial governments. This document provides an overview of the policy, then presents details on the policy itself, the strategies for achievement of that policy, methods of applying it, and specific policy statements. These statements cover such topics as the management of toxic chemicals, water quality, ground water contamination, municipal water and sewer infrastructure, safe drinking water, wetlands preservation, hydroelectric development, navigation, native water rights, and Canada-US boundary management, among others.

1990-01-01

282

Graduated driver licensing decal law: effect on young probationary drivers.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Decal laws have been implemented internationally to facilitate police enforcement of graduated driver licensing (GDL) restrictions (e.g., passenger limit, nighttime curfew) but have not been evaluated. New Jersey implemented the first decal law in the U.S. on May 1, 2010. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of New Jersey's law on the rate of citations issued for violation of GDL restrictions and police-reported crashes among probationary drivers aged <21 years and to estimate the number of probationary drivers whose crashes were prevented by the law. METHODS: New Jersey's licensing and crash databases were linked from January 1, 2008 to May 31, 2011, and each driver's license status, age, and outcome status were ascertained for each month. Monthly rates were calculated as the proportion of probationary drivers who experienced the outcome in that month. The pre-law period was defined as January 2008-January 2010 and the post-law period as May 2010-May 2011. Negative binomial regression models with robust SEs were used to determine the law's effect on crash and citation rates (adjusted for gender, seasonal trends, and overall trends) and estimate prevented crashes. Analyses were conducted in 2012. RESULTS: In the first year post-law, there was a 14% increase in the GDL citation rate (adjusted rate ratio 1.14 [95% CI=1.05, 1.24]); a 9% reduction in the police-reported crash rate (adjusted rate ratio 0.91 [95% CI=0.86, 0.97]), and an estimated 1624 young probationary drivers for whom a crash was prevented. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that the law is positively affecting probationary drivers' safety. Results contribute to building the evidence base for the effectiveness of decal laws and provide valuable information to U.S. and international policymakers who are considering adding decal laws to enhance existing GDL laws.

Curry AE; Pfeiffer MR; Localio R; Durbin DR

2013-01-01

283

78 FR 19917 - Medicaid Program; Increased Federal Medical Assistance Percentage Changes Under the Affordable...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Federal Medical Assistance Percentage Changes Under the Affordable Care Act of 2010; Rule...Federal Medical Assistance Percentage Changes Under the Affordable Care Act of 2010 AGENCY...FMAP) rates for certain adult populations under states' Medicaid programs. This...

2013-04-02

284

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville has completed its sixth year of operation. During this period the Center has involved thirteen GATE Fellows and ten GATE Research Assistants in preparing them to contribute to advanced automotive technologies in the center's focus area: hybrid drive trains and control systems. Eighteen GATE students have graduated, and three have completed their course work requirements. Nine faculty members from three departments in the College of Engineering have been involved in the GATE Center. In addition to the impact that the Center has had on the students and faculty involved, the presence of the center has led to the acquisition of resources that probably would not have been obtained if the GATE Center had not existed. Significant industry interaction such as internships, equipment donations, and support for GATE students has been realized. The value of the total resources brought to the university (including related research contracts) exceeds $4,000,000. Problem areas are discussed in the hope that future activities may benefit from the operation of the current program.

Jeffrey Hodgson; David Irick

2005-09-30

285

Method of graduated cementing of casings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A method is proposed for graduated cementing of casings by successive injection into the string and pushing through its shoe into the transpipe space with the help of a feed fluid and cementing plug of the first portion of the plugging mud, receiving of the ''stop'' signal, opening of the cementing openings of the coupling using a covering plug, injection of portion of flushing fluid, injection and pushing through the cementing openings of the second portion of the cementing mud, and closing of the cementing openings. It is distinguished by the fact that in order to improve the reliability of opening and closing the cementing openings, the first portion of the plugging mud is pushed through with the help of an aerated feed fluid whose coefficient of compressability ..beta.. is determined from the formula ..beta.. = 1/L..delta..P, where 1 is the length of the course of the opening bushing in the coupling of graduated cementing, m; L is the length of the first stage of cementing, m; ..delta..P is the gage pressure of opening or closing the cementing openings of the coupling, kg-f/cm/sup 2/.

Abramov, A.A.; Bulatov, A.I.; Dulayev, V.Kh.M.; Izmaylov, L.B.; Vdovenko, A.I.

1982-01-01

286

Undergraduate athletic training students' influences on career decisions after graduation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

CONTEXT: Career opportunities for athletic training students (ATSs) have increased substantially over the past few years. However, ATSs commonly appear to be opting for a more diversified professional experience after graduation. With the diversity in available options, an understanding of career decision is imperative. OBJECTIVE: To use the theoretical framework of socialization to investigate the influential factors behind the postgraduation decisions of senior ATSs. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: Web-based management system and telephone interviews. Patients or Other Participants: Twenty-two ATSs (16 females, 6 males; age = 22 ± 2 years) who graduated in May 2010 from 13 different programs accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education. Data Collection and Analysis: All interviews were transcribed verbatim, and the data were analyzed inductively. Data analysis required independent coding by 2 athletic trainers for specific themes. Credibility of the results was confirmed via peer review, methodologic triangulation, and multiple analyst triangulation. RESULTS: Two higher-order themes emerged from the data analysis: persistence in athletic training (AT) and decision to leave AT. Faculty and clinical instructor support, marketability, and professional growth were supporting themes describing persistence in AT. Shift of interest away from AT, lack of respect for the AT profession, compensation, time commitment, and AT as a stepping stone were themes sustaining the reasons that ATSs leave AT. The aforementioned reasons to leave often were discussed collectively, generating a collective undesirable outlook on the AT profession. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight the importance of faculty support, professional growth, and early socialization into AT. Socialization of pre-AT students could alter retention rates by providing in-depth information about the profession before students commit in their undergraduate education and by helping reduce attrition before entrance into the workforce.

Mazerolle SM; Gavin KE; Pitney WA; Casa DJ; Burton L

2012-11-01

287

The Future of the Pharmaceutical Sciences and Graduate Education: Recommendations from the AACP Graduate Education Special Interest Group  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite pharma's recent sea change in approach to drug discovery and development, U.S. pharmaceutical sciences graduate programs are currently maintaining traditional methods for master's and doctoral student education. The literature on graduate education in the biomedical sciences has long been advocating educating students to hone soft skills like communication and teamwork, in addition to maintaining excellent basic skills in research. However, recommendations to date have not taken into account the future trends in the pharmaceutical industry. The AACP Graduate Education Special Interest Group has completed a literature survey of the trends in the pharmaceutical industry and graduate education in order to determine whether our graduate programs are strategically positioned to prepare our graduates for successful careers in the next few decades. We recommend that our pharmaceutical sciences graduate programs take a proactive leadership role in meeting the needs of our future graduates and employers. Our graduate programs should bring to education the innovation and collaboration that our industry also requires to be successful and relevant in this century.

Gobburu, Jogarao; O'Barr, Stephen; Shah, Kumar; Huber, Jason; Weiner, Daniel

2013-01-01

288

Field Epidemiology Training Programmes in Africa - Where are the Graduates?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The current shortage of human resources for health threatens the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. There is currently limited published evidence of health-related training programmes in Africa that have produced graduates, who remain and work in their countries after graduation. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that the majority of graduates of field epidemiology training programmes (FETPs) in Africa stay on to work in their home countries--many as valuable resources to overstretched health systems. Methods Alumni data from African FETPs were reviewed in order to establish graduate retention. Retention was defined as a graduate staying and working in their home country for at least 3 years after graduation. African FETPs are located in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe. However, this paper only includes the Uganda and Zimbabwe FETPs, as all the others are recent programmes. Results This review shows that enrolment increased over the years, and that there is high graduate retention, with 85.1% (223/261) of graduates working within country of training; most working with Ministries of Health (46.2%; 105/261) and non-governmental organizations (17.5%; 40/261). Retention of graduates with a medical undergraduate degree was higher (Zimbabwe 80% [36/83]; Uganda 90.6% [125/178]) than for those with other undergraduate qualifications (Zimbabwe 71.1% [27/83]; Uganda 87.5% [35/178]). Conclusions African FETPs have unique features which may explain their high retention of graduates. These include: programme ownership by ministries of health and local universities; well defined career paths; competence-based training coupled with a focus on field practice during training; awarding degrees upon completion; extensive training and research opportunities made available to graduates; and the social capital acquired during training.

Mukanga David; Namusisi Olivia; Gitta Sheba N; Pariyo George; Tshimanga Mufuta; Weaver Angela; Trostle Murray

2010-01-01

289

Federal Enterprise Architecture Glossary  

Science.gov (United States)

Enterprise Architecture:  A management practice for aligning resources to improve business performance and help agencies better execute their core missions. An EA describes the current and future state of the agency, and lays out a plan for transitioning from the current state to the desired future state.   From Federal Enterprise Architecture Glossary  -  Search all glossaries for terms containing "enterprise architecture"

2013-09-03

290

Energy policy and federalism  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Separate abstracts are prepared for six papers presented as the product of an international seminar on Energy Policy and Federalism in North America. Specially commissioned papers for the seminar are presented along with a summary of the discussions. The summary appears in English, French, and Spanish; the other papers are in English. (MCW)

Thur, L.M. (ed.)

1981-01-01

291

Diligence requirements for federal coal  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Coal on federal lands is developed under conditions established by the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, as amended by the Federal Coal Leasing Act Amendments of 1976 (FCLAA). Coal leases after 1976 are subject to a diligence rule that production in commercial quantities begin within ten years or the lease will be cancelled. A similar ten-year diligence period for pre-1976 leases begins with the first lease readjustment after 1976. However, pre-1976 leases also are subject to a separate requirement contained in Section 3 of the FCLAA. Section 3 has been interpreted by the Department of the Interior as prohibiting the issuance of new federal mineral leases, including oil and gas, to holders of non-producing coal leases that have been held for ten years, beginning on August 4, 1986 (ten years after the enactment of the FCLAA). Section 3 does not provide a simple, assured alternative to commercial production for coming into compliance with this provision. This paper provides an overall review of the issue and then examines some economic aspects which suggest that the ten-year diligence requirement is too short and too inflexible and that market conditions affect the efficient rate of development. Several proposals extend the term for meeting the commercial quantities production test to 20 years, a period that equals the shortest primary lease term found in private leases. While there may be no single best answer, this paper suggests that a properly structured reform of coal development diligence rules could enhance economic efficiency. 33 references, 6 tables.

Anderson, R.C.

1985-01-01

292

FRED: Federal Reserve Economic Data Mailing Lists  

Science.gov (United States)

The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis provides this clearinghouse of financial and economic data. Central to this site are the data files, a compendium of hundreds of daily, weekly, monthly, and quarterly time series on financial, monetary, interest rate, producer and consumer price, employment, population, and exchange rate data, among others. In late 1997, FRED began making selected databases available for delivery via email. At present, over 100 files are available in this manner.

1997-01-01

293

Thermal Energy for Space Cooling--Federal Technology Alert  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Cool storage technology can be used to significantly reduce energy costs by allowing energy-intensive, electrically driven cooling equipment to be predominantly operated during off peak hours when electricity rates are lower. This Federal Technology Alert, which is sponsored by DOE's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), describes the basic types of cool storage technologies and cooling system integration options. In addition, it defines the savings potential in the federal sector, presents application advice, and describes the performance experience of specific federal users. The results of a case study of a GSA building using cool storage technology are also provided.

Brown, Daryl R.

2000-12-31

294

Economic Energy Savings Potential in Federal Buildings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The primary objective of this study was to estimate the current life-cycle cost-effective (i.e., economic) energy savings potential in Federal buildings and the corresponding capital investment required to achieve these savings, with Federal financing. Estimates were developed for major categories of energy efficiency measures such as building envelope, heating system, cooling system, and lighting. The analysis was based on conditions (building stock and characteristics, retrofit technologies, interest rates, energy prices, etc.) existing in the late 1990s. The potential impact of changes to any of these factors in the future was not considered.

Brown, Daryl R.; Dirks, James A.; Hunt, Diane M.

2000-09-04

295

Graduating nursing students' basic competence in intensive and critical care nursing.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe and evaluate the basic competence of graduating nursing students in intensive and critical care nursing. BACKGROUND: Intensive and critical care nursing is focused on severely ill patients who benefit from the attention of skilled personnel. More intensive and critical care nurses are needed in Europe. Critical care nursing education is generally postqualification education that builds upon initial generalist nursing education. However, in Europe, new graduates practise in intensive care units. Empirical research on nursing students' competence in intensive and critical care nursing is scarce. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: A basic competence scale (Intensive and Critical Care Nursing Competence Scale, version 1) and a knowledge test (Basic Knowledge Assessment Tool, version 7) were employed among graduating nursing students (n = 139). RESULTS: Sixty-nine per cent of the students self-rated their basic competence as good. No association between self-assessed Intensive and Critical Care Nursing-1 and the results of the Basic Knowledge Assessment Tool-7 was found. The strongest factor explaining the students' conception of their competence was their experience of autonomy in nursing after graduation. CONCLUSION: The students seem to trust their basic competence as they approach graduation. However, a knowledge test or other objective method of evaluation should be used together with a competence scale based on self-evaluation. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: In nursing education and in clinical practice, for example, during orientation programmes, it is important not only to teach broad basic skills and knowledge of intensive and critical care nursing, but also to develop self-evaluation skills through the use of special instruments constructed for this purpose.

Lakanmaa RL; Suominen T; Perttilä J; Ritmala-Castrèn M; Vahlberg T; Leino-Kilpi H

2013-06-01

296

Predictors of new graduate nurses' workplace well-being: testing the job demands-resources model.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: New graduate nurses currently experience a stressful transition into the workforce, resulting in high levels of burnout and job turnover in their first year of practice. PURPOSE: This study tested a theoretical model of new graduate nurses' worklife derived from the job demands-resources model to better understand how job demands (workload and bullying), job resources (job control and supportive professional practice environments), and a personal resource (psychological capital) combine to influence new graduate experiences of burnout and work engagement and, ultimately, health and job outcomes. METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A descriptive correlational design was used to test the hypothesized model in a sample of newly graduated nurses (N = 420) working in acute care hospitals in Ontario, Canada. Data were collected from July to November 2009. Participants were mailed questionnaires to their home address using the Total Design Method to improve response rates. All variables were measured using standardized questionnaires, and structural equation modeling was used to test the model. FINDINGS: The final model fit statistics partially supported the original hypothesized model. In the final model, job demands (workload and bullying) predicted burnout and, subsequently, poor mental health. Job resources (supportive practice environment and control) predicted work engagement and, subsequently, lower turnover intentions. Burnout also was a significant predictor of turnover intent (a crossover effect). Furthermore, personal resources (psychological capital) significantly influenced both burnout and work engagement. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The model suggests that managerial strategies targeted at specific job demands and resources can create workplace environments that promote work engagement and prevent burnout to support the retention and well-being of the new graduate nurse population.

Spence Laschinger HK; Grau AL; Finegan J; Wilk P

2012-04-01

297

Psychological career resources and coping resources of the young unemployed African graduate: An exploratory study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Orientation: Youth unemployment in South Africa presents unique challenges to the young unemployed graduate and requires a range of psychological coping capacities from the young adult.Research purpose: This study explored the relationship between the psychological career resources(as measured by the Psychological Career Resources Inventory) and coping resources (as measured by the Coping Resources Inventory) of a sample of 196 young unemployed African graduates.Motivation for study: There is an increasing need for career counsellors and practitioners to explore the psychological attributes and career-related resources that young people employ or require to help them deal with the challenges posed by unemployment during the school-to-work transition phase of their lives.Research design, approach and method: A survey design and quantitative statistical procedures were used to achieve the research objective. Convenience sampling was used on a population of 500 unemployed graduate black people who attended a 12-week Work Readiness Programme (39% response rate).Main findings: Multiple regression analyses indicated that dimensions of psychological career resources contribute signifcantly to explaining the proportion of variance in the participants’coping resources scores.Practical implications: The insights derived from the findings can be employed by career counsellors and practitioners to construct a more comprehensive career framework for the individual in the school-to-work transition phase.Contribution/value-add: The findings add valuable new knowledge that can be used to inform career services concerned with guiding and counselling young graduates in the school-to-work transition phase.How to cite this article: Coetzee, M., & Esterhuizen, K. (2010). Psychological career resources and coping resources of the young unemployed African graduate: An exploratory study. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/SA Tydskrif vir Bedryfsielkunde, 36(1), Art. #868, 9 pages. DOI:10.4102/sajip.v36i1.868

Melinde Coetzee; Kerith Esterhuizen

2010-01-01

298

Essential hand surgery procedures for mastery by graduating orthopedic surgery residents: a survey of program directors.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To establish the essential hand surgery procedures that should be mastered by graduating orthopedic surgery residents. This framework can then be used as a guideline for developing an Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill to teach and document technical skill in hand surgery. METHODS: A select group of 10 expert hand surgeons was surveyed regarding the essential hand surgery procedures that should be mastered by graduating orthopedic surgery residents. The top 10 procedures from this survey were then used to survey all 155 American Council of Graduate Medical Education-approved orthopedic surgery program directors regarding the essential procedures that should be mastered by graduating orthopedic surgery residents. RESULTS: We had a 39% response rate to the program director survey. The top 8 hand surgery procedures as determined by the orthopedic surgery program directors included open carpal tunnel release, open A1 pulley release, open reduction internal fixation of distal radius fracture, flexor tendon sheath steroid injection, excision of dorsal or volar ganglion, closed reduction and percutaneous pinning of metacarpal fracture, open cubital tunnel release, and incision and drainage of flexor tendon sheath for flexor tenosynovitis. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical educators need to develop objective methods to teach and document technical skill. The Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill is a valid method to accomplish this task. However, there has been no consensus regarding which hand surgery procedures should be mastered by graduating orthopedic surgery residents. We have identified 8 procedures that were overwhelmingly supported by orthopedic surgery program directors. These 8 procedures can be used as a guideline for developing an Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill to teach and document technical skill in hand surgery. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study addresses the future of orthopedic surgery education as it pertains to hand surgery.

Noland SS; Fischer LH; Lee GK; Hentz VR

2013-04-01

299

Demographic attributes and knowledge acquisition among graduate-entry medical students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Recent changes to undergraduate (basic) medical education in Ireland have linked an expansion of student numbers with wide-ranging reforms. Medical schools have broadened access by admitting more mature students from diverse backgrounds and have increased their international student numbers. This has resulted in major changes to the demographic profile of students at Irish medical schools. AIM: To determine whether the demographic characteristics of students impact on their academic performance and specifically on their rate of knowledge acquisition. METHODS: As a formative assessment exercise, we administered a progress test to all students twice each year during a 4 year graduate-entry medical programme. We compared scores over time between students from different age cohorts, of different gender, of different nationalities and from different academic backgrounds. RESULTS: In the 1143 tests taken by 285 students to date, there were no significant differences in the rate of knowledge acquisition between the various groups. Early in the course, students from a non-biological science background performed less well than others but outperformed their peers by the time of graduation. CONCLUSION: Neither age, gender, nationality nor academic background impacts on the rate of knowledge acquisition among graduate-entry medical students.

Finucane P; Flannery D; McGrath D; Saunders J

2013-01-01

300

Graduate Recruitment and Selection Practices in Small Businesses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Results of research into the graduate recruitment and selection practices of 30 British small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and the skills being sought by employers suggest that SMEs value transferable skills and that small employers expect an immediate contribution from graduate recruits. (JOW)

Stewart, Jim; Knowles, Vanessa

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Graduate Student Report, 1998: First-Year Students. AIP Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes the population of newly enrolled graduate students in physics and astronomy who were at their current institutions for a year or less in fall 1997. The report contains information on student characteristics and explores the decision making process and critical transition points for entering graduate students. The report also…

Mulvey, Patrick J.; Langer, Casey

302

The Current Status of Graduate Training in Suicide Risk Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

|Directors and coordinators (n = 75) of graduate programs in school psychology approved by the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) were surveyed regarding their training practices in suicide risk assessment. Respondents viewed the assessment of suicide risk as an important part of graduate instruction, and most believed that…

Liebling-Boccio, Dana E.; Jennings, Heather R.

2013-01-01

303

Are Agricultural Graduates Meeting Employers' Expectations? A Perspective from Iran  

Science.gov (United States)

A high level of personal capacity, the relevant professional competence and technical skills are essential for a graduate's successful transition to the workplace. The purpose of this survey was to identify the main competencies that higher agricultural education graduates should possess, based on the perceptions of potential agricultural…

Alibeigi, Amir Hossein; Zarafshani, Kiumars

2006-01-01

304

Employment Satisfaction of University Graduates with Learning Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

Because of its significant impact on overall life satisfaction, employment satisfaction is one marker for determining successful adult outcomes. The present investigation reports the perceptions of employment satisfaction for 500 graduates with learning disabilities from three postsecondary institutions. The graduates reported high levels of…

Madaus, Joseph W.; Zhao, Jiarong; Ruban, Lilia

2008-01-01

305

The Current Status of Graduate Training in Suicide Risk Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

Directors and coordinators (n = 75) of graduate programs in school psychology approved by the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) were surveyed regarding their training practices in suicide risk assessment. Respondents viewed the assessment of suicide risk as an important part of graduate instruction, and most believed that…

Liebling-Boccio, Dana E.; Jennings, Heather R.

2013-01-01

306

Competency Needs in Irish Hotels: Employer and Graduate Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate hotel industry employers' expectations of, and satisfaction with, graduate competencies in comparison with graduate perceptions of what is required for their roles and their satisfaction with how well their education experience prepared them. Design/methodology/approach: The research involved a…

Nolan, Ciara; Conway, Edel; Farrell, Tara; Monks, Kathy

2010-01-01

307

Web Search as an Interactive Learning Environment for Graduation Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

|This paper presents a novel concept--a Web search environment as an interactive learning environment for graduation projects. The paper addresses the question of an appropriate learning environment for writing graduation projects in universities: Can it be defined? What should it be? How should it look? How and when should it be used? The premise…

Zviel-Girshin, Rina; Rosenberg, Nathan

2005-01-01

308

Graduate Student Involvement: Socialization for the Professional Role  

Science.gov (United States)

Undergraduate student involvement has been linked to retention and satisfaction (Astin, 1993; Tinto, 1993); however, no empirical research has yet been conducted on the outcomes of involvement at the graduate level. We interviewed 10 doctoral students in higher education in order to explore graduate student involvement, finding that it is not only…

Gardner, Susan K.; Barnes, Benita J.

2007-01-01

309

Perceived Utility and Knowledge of Graduate Teaching Assistants  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examined the graduate teaching assistantship experience from the perspective of course instructors, graduate teaching assistants, and students. Specifically, the purpose of the study was to determine the degree to which these groups perceived teaching assistants as utilized and knowledgeable in their assigned tasks. Students had…

Tulane, Sarah; Beckert, Troy E.

2011-01-01

310

Multidisciplinary Graduate Education in Bioprocess Engineering  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report describes the accomplishments of the University of Georgia in establishing an academic program geared toward the emerging biobased products industry. By virtue of its strengths and structure, the University of Georgia is particularly well-suited for developing a program focused on plant- and microbial-based bioproducts, and it was in this general area that this program was developed. The program had several unique characteristics. First, we implemented a distinguished lecture series that brought outstanding scientists and engineers to our University to interact with students and share their vision of the biobased economy. Second, we offered industrially-oriented and multidisciplinary courses that provided students with a broad background on various facets of biobased business and technology. Third, we provided the students with opportunities to expand beyond the classroom by engaging in research lab rotations and industrial internships. Fourth, each student was engaged in a creative research project as led by a multidisciplinary faculty team. Throughout the implementation of these activities, we maintained a student-centered, mentoring approach to education. The most tangible outcome of this project was the graduation of two students who participated in a variety of scholarly activities, culminating in research toward the completion of a thesis and dissertation. Both research projects involved the use of microorganisms to produce industrial products from agricultural substrates via fermentation processes. The research advanced our understanding of microorganisms as used for industrial processes and products, as described in several articles published in scholarly journals and presentations made at scientific conferences (see information on pp. 14-15). Another outcome is one graduate course, Fermentation Engineering Laboratory, which is a unique experiential and multidisciplinary course. This course will be offered in the future as an elective to graduate students in several engineering and science degree programs. Other significant developments have arisen as direct or indirect consequences of this project. The University of Georgia has established a B.S. Biochemical Engineering degree and an M.S. Biochemical Engineering degree. A strong component of these degree programs is education toward a biobased economy. We will integrate particularly positive components of this project (such as the distinguished lecture series) into these degree programs. The University of Georgia is establishing a Center for Biorefining and Carbon Cycling. This multidisciplinary Center houses a pilot scale biorefinery, comprising a pyrolysis unit and an ethanol plant. Together with new faculty positions that are currently being advertised, this project has encouraged the University of Georgia to assume a leadership role in the preparation of students in the biobased industries of the future.

Mark A. Eiteman

2006-04-18

311

77 FR 26537 - Notice of Commissioners and Staff Attendance at FERC Leadership Development Program Graduation...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Commissioners and Staff Attendance at FERC Leadership Development Program Graduation/Induction...may attend the following event: FERC Leadership Development Program Graduation/Induction...welcome 17 employees selected for the 2012 Leadership Development Program and graduate...

2012-05-04

312

42 CFR 422.324 - Payments to MA organizations for graduate medical education costs.  

Science.gov (United States)

...organizations for graduate medical education costs. 422.324 Section 422...organizations for graduate medical education costs. (a) MA organizations may receive direct graduate medical education payments for the time that...

2012-10-01

313

Teaching and Evaluating Graduate Attributes in Science Based Disciplines  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Graduate attributes, other than professional knowledge and skills, are now important outcomes for tertiary education. In science, anecdotal observations indicated minimal focus on: innovation; independent learning; communication; and societal involvement. Therefore, how graduate attributes were introduced, developed, taught and assessed into first and second year science units were investigated. Which graduate attributes were contextualized into learning objectives and activities together with how outcomes were measured and assessed were investigated. Results showed ~70% of teaching, development and assessment centred on disciplinary knowledge and most of the rest on professional skills. Oral presentations, portfolios, extended writing, and field trips comprised ~15% of assessment. Hence, a structured overview is needed to address the full scope of graduate attributes at the course level. There is an urgent need for the modern needs of tertiary education to be embraced by staff to ensure graduate attributes are attained commensurate with the expectations of the wider community.

George Henryk Herok; Jo-Anne Chuck; Thomas James Millar

2013-01-01

314

Researches about suicide in Brazilian graduate program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The suicide is considered a public health problem and worries governments and health professionals in many countries. We aim to verify the Strict Sense Scientific Production in Brazil, describing the researches achieved in the health area. The descriptive and bibliographical study started in 27th December 2005 in CAPES data bank, via internet, that from the term suicide found 128 dissertations and 50 thesis. The abstracts were read, looking for the studied variables, year and local of defense, knowledge area, instruments and/or strategies of collecting and analysis prepared. The abstracts correspond to 0, 14% of the total registered in CAPES from 1989 to 2003 in the following areas: Literature, History, Sociology, Law, Psychology, Public Health, Nursing, Education, Communication, Medical Sciences and Biological Sciences. The difficulties to become viable this research made us perceive that the programs of Post-Graduation must be attentive to formation of the data sent to CAPES.

Maria Dalva Santos Alves; Ângela Maria Alves e Souza; Cynthia Dias Vieira; Talita Maciel Bezerra; Ana Caroline Cabral Cristino

2007-01-01

315

Locus of Control in Graduation Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The current research focused on exploring the direction of Locus of control as well as gender difference on locus of control among graduation students in Pakistan.A 29 item Locus of Control questionnaire (Rotter, 1966) was used to measure locus of control. Sample of (N=200) individuals (n=100) men and (n=100) women selected from different academic institutes of Faisalabad division Punjab Pakistan. Independent sample t-test was used for statistical analysis. This study has consistent results with the earlier studies. Results of this research indicate that men has internal locus of control and women scored high on external locus of control. So the gender difference is significant on Locus of Control. Implications of these findings and suggestions for future researches are discussed.

Imran Haider Zaidi; M. Naeem Mohsin

2013-01-01

316

International Business Competencies Needed by Business Graduates in the United States and Taiwan, R.O.C.  

Science.gov (United States)

|The international business competencies needed by business graduates in the United States and Taiwan were identified through a literature review and a modified Delphi technique. Thirty-three experts, including policymakers, business educators, and international business practitioners, rated the importance of 42 statements compiled from reviews of…

Yuche, Jerry Wang; Stewart, Bob R.

317

Fostering Academic Self-Concept: Advisor Support and Sense of Belonging among International and Domestic Graduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

International doctoral students in the United States face challenges of acculturation in academia yet complete graduate school at higher rates and more quickly than their domestic counterparts. This study examined advisor support, sense of belonging, and academic self-concept among international and domestic doctoral students at a research…

Curtin, Nicola; Stewart, Abigail J.; Ostrove, Joan M.

2013-01-01

318

Where Do CTE Teacher Education Graduates Go? Career and Technical Teacher Education Five-Year Graduate Follow-Up Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Graduates of the career and technical education (CTE) teacher education program at Western Michigan University (WMU) were surveyed 5 years after graduation to determine their employment patterns, salaries, job satisfaction, and satisfaction with WMU's CTE teacher education program. Questionnaires were mailed to 143 CTE teachers. Responses were…

Miller, Pamela J.; Wolosyk, Carl A.

319

Piecing Together the Puzzle of Graduate Employment: Factors that Shape the Graduate Work Expectations of Human Resource Management Students  

Science.gov (United States)

|Providing graduates with a set of skills and attributes relevant to their future employment remains a key topic in both higher education policy and research. This paper reports findings from a pilot study of human resource management (HRM) students' perceptions of the graduate work experience. Specifically, it focuses on how these perceptions are…

Parris, Melissa A.; Saville, Kerrie

2011-01-01

320

Comparison of FY 1978 OCC Occupational Program Graduates and Illinois Community College Occupational Program Graduates. Report #2-180.  

Science.gov (United States)

Comparisons were made between Oakton Community College (OCC) fiscal year 1978 occupational graduates and occupational graduates of other Illinois public community colleges based upon a statewide follow-up study conducted in September 1979. The following areas were compared: evaluation of college services, impact of community college education,…

Kirby, Emily B.

 
 
 
 
321

Northeast Under/graduate Organization for Neuroscience, A Regional Neuroscience Meeting for Undergraduates, Graduate Students, and Faculty  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Northeast Under/graduate Organization for Neuroscience (N.E.U.R.O.N.) was established in 1996 to provide a forum for undergraduate and graduate students and faculty in neuroscience to interact with each other. N.E.U.R.O.N. organizes a yearly one-day conference in the Northeast. While scientific ...

Frye, Cheryl A.; Edinger, Kassandra L.

322

Federated Registries: Issues and Approaches.  

Science.gov (United States)

Federation within and across information systems is useful when - a set of varying features exists across the federates - the origin of the multiplicity * Includes organizational boundaries, locations, content types, etc. - a set of common features exists...

L. Lannom

2009-01-01

323

Graduate orthodontic education in Turkey: the residents' perspective.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the present study was to explore residents' perceptions of their educational and clinical treatment experiences including the number of clinical cases undertaken, patient completion rates, techniques utilised and the scientific component of Turkish graduate orthodontic programmes. Residents recorded in the list of Turkish Orthodontic Society were sent an e-mail to participate in a survey containing 46 multiple-choice questions and ten one-line answers. An e-mail with a personalised online link was sent to a total of 227 residents throughout the Turkey. Data were categorised, and basic statistics including chi-square comparative analyses were performed. A total of 136 (response rate of 59.91%) residents completed the survey. The majority of residents (58.08%) were either 'very satisfied' or 'satisfied' with their programme. Respondents said they have just the right amount of formal didactic teaching sessions or dedicated and protected academic time. Most residents (69.11%) indicated their programme offers training in numerous philosophies; whilst 97.79% said they have sufficient clinically based training and 42.64% said they have sufficient research-based training. Overall, residents in the Turkey are satisfied with their orthodontic programme. They receive comprehensive training with the opportunity to start and complete a significant number of their patients. The survey findings suggest that orthodontic programmes in Turkey are deficient in providing care to underserviced populations and disabled patients. Programmes could improve the opportunity for residents to treat patients requiring interdisciplinary treatment.

Usumez S; Noble J; Yagci A; Uysal T; Wiltshire WA

2013-05-01

324

Federal Labor Relations Authority  

Science.gov (United States)

Established by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, the Federal Labor Relations Authority (FLRA) is an independent agency that is responsible for administering the labor-management relations program for close to 2 million federal employees across the world. As noted on the Web site, their mission is "to promote stable and constructive labor-management relations that contribute to an efficient and effective government." To achieve that end, the FLRA's site provides a host of information about recent cases decided by the Authority, along with information about its activities and current staff roster. Visitors to the site will want to take a look at the FLRA strategic plan for the period from 2002-2005, and review previous annual reports filed by the Authority, which are located in the News and Publications area of the site.

325

Access to federal lands  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Many Westerners concur with Interior Secretary James G. Watt that federal laws enacted in recent years have led to costly lawsuits and lengthy environmental studies, stalling public resource development. But Watt's plans to curb national park expansion, open Rocky Mountain wilderness to mineral exploration and encourage more West Coast offshore drilling have convinced conservationists and many westerners that he intends to go too far. Congress has rebuffed his requests to fund some of these projects, but he still has strong support in the West, especially among Republican officials, ranchers, businessmen, and miners who depend on public lands for their livelihood. The administration's policies respond to the resentment that had been building against increased federal land and resources restrictions and that led to the Sagebrush Rebellion. 16 references, 3 figures.

Arrandale, T.

1981-09-18

326

Federal Wind Energy Research Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Office of Program Analysis (OPA) undertook an assessment of 55 research projects sponsored by the Federal Wind Energy Research Program. This report summarizes the results of that review. In accordance with statue and policy guidance, the program's research has targeted the sciences of wind turbine dynamics and the development of advanced components and systems. Wind turbine research has focused on atmospheric fluid dynamics, aerodynamics, and structural dynamics. Rating factors including project scientific and technical merit, appropriateness and level of innovation of the technical approach, quality of the project team, productivity, and probable impact on the program's mission. Each project was also given an overall evaluation supported with written comments. 1 fig.

1991-10-01

327

Federal health financing.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The CMA believes that financial support from the federal government for health care should provide for the following. [List: see text] The CMA is committed to preserving the right of reasonable access to high-quality health care regardless of ability to pay. It is also committed to maintaining the national health care standards (accessibility, universality, portability, comprehensiveness and public administration) and developing health goals to ensure that all Canadians receive the best possible care when required. The CMA supports the goal of maintaining the national integrity of the health care system. It encourages the federal government to be sensitive to the concerns of equity and to ensure that provinces and territories that have not attained a level of health care services and facilities equivalent to those of other provinces and territories, because of fiscal incapacities, have access to additional funding requirements to reduce the gap. The CMA views stability in funding as essential to effective health care planning and believes that unplanned and unilateral federal reductions may compromise accessibility and quality of patient care.

1991-07-01

328

The Federal Air Pollution Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Described is the Federal air pollution program as it was in 1967. The booklet is divided into these major topics: History of the Federal Program; Research; Assistance to State and Local Governments; Abatement and Prevention of Air Pollution; Control of Motor Vehicle Pollution; Information and Education; and Conclusion. Federal legislation has…

National Air Pollution Control Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.

329

Federating Metadata Catalogs  

Science.gov (United States)

The Geosciences Network project (www.geongrid.org) has been developing cyberinfrastructure for data sharing in the Earth Science community based on a service-oriented architecture. The project defines a standard "software stack", which includes a standardized set of software modules and corresponding service interfaces. The system employs Grid certificates for distributed user authentication. The GEON Portal provides online access to these services via a set of portlets. This service-oriented approach has enabled the GEON network to easily expand to new sites and deploy the same infrastructure in new projects. To facilitate interoperation with other distributed geoinformatics environments, service standards are being defined and implemented for catalog services and federated search across distributed catalogs. The need arises because there may be multiple metadata catalogs in a distributed system, for example, for each institution, agency, geographic region, and/or country. Ideally, a geoinformatics user should be able to search across all such catalogs by making a single search request. In this paper, we describe our implementation for such a search capability across federated metadata catalogs in the GEON service-oriented architecture. The GEON catalog can be searched using spatial, temporal, and other metadata-based search criteria. The search can be invoked as a Web service and, thus, can be imbedded in any software application. The need for federated catalogs in GEON arises because, (i) GEON collaborators at the University of Hyderabad, India have deployed their own catalog, as part of the iGEON-India effort, to register information about local resources for broader access across the network, (ii) GEON collaborators in the GEO Grid (Global Earth Observations Grid) project at AIST, Japan have implemented a catalog for their ASTER data products, and (iii) we have recently deployed a search service to access all data products from the EarthScope project in the US (http://es-portal.geongrid.org), which are distributed across data archives at IRIS in Seattle, Washington, UNAVCO in Boulder, Colorado, and at the ICDP archives in GFZ, Potsdam, Germany. This service implements a "virtual" catalog--the actual/"physical" catalogs and data are stored at each of the remote locations. A federated search across all these catalogs would enable GEON users to discover data across all of these environments with a single search request. Our objective is to implement this search service via the OGC Catalog Services for the Web (CS-W) standard by providing appropriate CSW "wrappers" for each metadata catalog, as necessary. This paper will discuss technical issues in designing and deploying such a multi-catalog search service in GEON and describe an initial prototype of the federated search capability.

Baru, C.; Lin, K.

2009-04-01

330

An acculturization curriculum: orienting international medical graduates to an internal medicine residency program.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The number of International Medical Graduate (IMG) applicants to residency programs has increased steadily over the past decade. Despite high motivation and significant medical knowledge, differences in training and cultural expectations can create knowledge gaps and influence how IMGs relate to patients and staff. This contributes to increased opportunities for medical errors, patient dissatisfaction, and frustration among colleagues. DESCRIPTION: To improve this transition we introduced a required, 2-week precourse for IMGs entering our program. The curriculum focused around the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies. EVALUATION: Participants reported knowledge gains and rated favorably didactic sessions and small-group activities. Program directors and other key stakeholders reported positive experiences with the precourse, especially the reduction in transition stress and missed work time in July. CONCLUSION: An intensive precourse for IMGs can attenuate transition stress and increase knowledge of core medical skills and competencies.

Porter JL; Townley T; Huggett K; Warrier R

2008-01-01

331

The irresponsible expert witness: a failure of biomedical graduate education and professional accountability.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Many forces have created the epidemic of negligence and malpractice litigation. One of the contributing factors to the rising rate of nonmeritorious litigation is the increasing number of unequalified and irresponsible expert witnesses. The high remuneration has attracted physician-scientists who are unaware of the proper role of an expert witness. They are frequently manipulated by the attorneys and function as partisans rather than scholars. The role of the expert witness should be taught in medical and graduate school. Testimony should be taught in medical and graduate school. Testimony should be treated as a scholarly endeavor and experts should be encouraged to seek peer review of their opinions and not to testify secretly and in isolation. It is suggested that greater visibility of experts and their testimony (light of day phenomenon) should raise the quality of expert witness testimony and encourage more qualified experts to participate as expert witnesses, thus removing the stigmata usually associated with unqualified expert witnesses.

Brent RL

1982-11-01

332

Selected characteristics of graduate medical education in the United States.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

For the second year, the Department of Data Systems in the Medical Education Group of the American Medical Association gathered information on graduate medical education primarily by means of an electronic data collection system. Eighty-eight percent of 6622 programs surveyed responded, with 83% reporting detailed information on residents. Analysis of graduate medical education data shows that the number of residents increased by 34.9% from the academic years 1980-1981 to 1990-1991, while the number of graduate year 1 residents decreased by 2%. In the same decade, the proportion of women residents increased by 7.1%. The number of minorities in graduate medical education has grown, but their proportions within the total resident population have remained largely unchanged. The number of graduates from schools of osteopathic medicine has increased by 265% over the same 10-year period. Between 1989 and 1990, a 31.6% increase was recorded in the number of international medical graduates in graduate year 1 residency positions; most of this increase (63.4%) occurred among noncitizens of the United States.

Rowley BD; Baldwin DC Jr; McGuire MB

1991-08-01

333

Investigate of Eligibility Usage of Graduated Compression Stockings  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Venous Thromboembolism is common cause of morbidity and mortality. Graduated compression stockings to reduce venous thromboembolism is one of the most frequently applied methods. Graduated compression stockings unless there are contraindications safely when used correctly.Objective: This study examined appropriateness of use of graduated compression stockings.Methodology: The study was run in the University Hospital and Clinics of Urology and Orthopedics. Sample of the study 114 patients were enrolled. A questionnaire developed by researchers in data collection were used. Analysis of data, number, percentage, chi-square test was performed.Results: The patients of 77.5% graduated compression stockings for the use of compressed information from the health team, 58.8% of showed they know how to use graduated compression stockings. The patients of 29.8% experienced difficulty was the use of graduated compression stockings. The patients of 96.5% the stocking size was appropriate, 92.1% of the patients worn correctly, 30.7% of the patients took off the stockings daily and examined the skin, 21.9% experienced wrinkling and gliding of the stocking, 19.3 % experienced a curling up of stocking, which created a tourniquet effect. 32.5 % experienced heat increase in both legs, 30.7% experienced itching, 11.4% experienced sensitiveness, 8.8% experienced ertyhema and numbness.Conclusion: As a result of this study is the appropriate use of graduated pressure stockings, but because of deficiencies in patient education were experiencing some problems.

Elif Dirimese; Meryem Yavuz; Birgül Nurulke

2012-01-01

334

75 FR 38999 - Federal Perkins Loan Program: Federal Family Education Loan Program and William D. Ford Federal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Perkins Loan Program: Federal Family Education Loan Program and William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program AGENCY: Office of Postsecondary...Perkins Loan), Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL), and William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) program...

2010-07-07

335

[Pedagogical Project for the Graduate Nursing Program at UFAL: adaptations to curricular guidelines].  

Science.gov (United States)

This is an analysis of the adaptation of the Pedagogical Political Project of the Nursing Graduate Program at Alagoas Federal University (PPP/Enf/UFAL) to new Brazilian curriculum guidelines, evidencing convergence points and some points that need to be approached, taking into account that the present project was established prior to the existence of the current curricular guidelines. Our analysis shows that the main difficulties presented by the newly implemented curriculum lie in the ones inherent to the process of changing conceptions on the educational process in Nursing and in the work conditions imposed by the current situation of the Brazilian Public University System. It calls for a review on strategies and contents related to the basis of research and expansion in Nursing Sciences, as well as the search for alternatives to integration with domain areas from Humanistic and Health Sciences. PMID:15320625

dos Santos, Regina Maria; Brandão, Francisco da Silva; Valverde, Rosimar Camilo; Trezza, Maria Cristina Soares Figueiredo

336

[Pedagogical Project for the Graduate Nursing Program at UFAL: adaptations to curricular guidelines].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This is an analysis of the adaptation of the Pedagogical Political Project of the Nursing Graduate Program at Alagoas Federal University (PPP/Enf/UFAL) to new Brazilian curriculum guidelines, evidencing convergence points and some points that need to be approached, taking into account that the present project was established prior to the existence of the current curricular guidelines. Our analysis shows that the main difficulties presented by the newly implemented curriculum lie in the ones inherent to the process of changing conceptions on the educational process in Nursing and in the work conditions imposed by the current situation of the Brazilian Public University System. It calls for a review on strategies and contents related to the basis of research and expansion in Nursing Sciences, as well as the search for alternatives to integration with domain areas from Humanistic and Health Sciences.

dos Santos RM; Brandão Fda S; Valverde RC; Trezza MC

2003-11-01

337

A proposal for reform of the structure and financing of primary care graduate medical education.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Accessible, high-quality, cost-effective health care systems are anchored in primary care, yet decreasing production from graduate medical education (GME) jeopardizes the primary care workforce and the nation's health. The GME Initiative recommends Congress (1) invigorates primary care physician (PCP) supply through GME benchmarking and enforcement by creating a workforce that is at least 40% PCPs, holding teaching hospitals accountable, and increasing the primary care residency position cap, (2) establishes a GME system supported by all insurers-public and private-and implements a fixed floor funding of direct GME (DME) at $100,000 per resident per year for residencies that produce graduates who truly go on to practice primary care, (3) reallocates some indirect GME (IME) to support primary care residency education, including enhanced PCP education outside hospitals, including teaching health centers, (4) restores funding for the 1997 full-time equivalent (FTE) PCP residency slots cut for training outside the teaching hospital, (5) allows states expanding Medicaid through the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) to increase PCP education capacity through Medicaid DME and/or IME at the enhanced Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP).

Voorhees KI; Prado-Gutierrez A; Epperly T; Dirkson D

2013-03-01

338

Information Seeking in Context: Results of Graduate Student Interviews  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract We conducted a qualitative research study examining the information seeking behaviours of Psychology, Sociology and Women’s Studies graduate students at a large research intensive university to determine how graduate students find information; the roles that faculty members, fellow graduate students and librarians play in the information search; and graduate students’ knowledge of information resources and services. The context of graduate student information seeking was uncovered through an analysis of the data using the trichotomy of people, place and information. Across the disciplines, Master’s students were more likely to ask for librarian assistance than PhD students. The interview findings will be used to improve librarian support to this user group via an instruction plan aimed at those graduate students most in need of librarian assistance: Master’s students. We recommend a series of several (e.g., approximately four to eight) strategically timed brief (e.g., ten-minute) sessions offered via a first-year mandatory research methods course. Sessions would introduce students to key resources, explain the role librarians can play in their research and advertise the office hours service. This enhanced librarian support will ensure that all new graduate students have a common information seeking knowledge base and that they understand the services offered by their liaison librarians. Most importantly, it places librarians in close proximity to graduate students providing opportunities to uncover and address their actual research needs. Future research will look at the effectiveness of this plan in supporting graduate students with their research.

Marg Sloan; Kim McPhee

2013-01-01

339

Nova Scotia: late career nurse and new graduate transition.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Addressing Canada's growing shortage of nurses requires effective strategies for their education, retention and recruitment. Although Nova Scotia produces more than 250 registered nurses and 125 licensed practical nurses each year, some 20% of these graduates leave the province to work elsewhere. The Nova Scotia Research to Action project focused on three retention and recruitment projects: (a) a new-nurse graduate orientation/transition framework, (b) guidelines for nursing mentorship and (c) an online employment tool to assist in the hiring of new nurse graduates. Project partners continue to work collaboratively to advance these provincial initiatives.

Bellefontaine P; Eden V

2012-03-01

340

Graduate Level Mathematics Curriculum Courses: How are they taught?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Even though there is much research related to the teaching and learning of K-12 mathematics, there are few studies in the literature related to university professors’ teaching. In this research report, I investigated how three professors of mathematics education structure their graduate level curriculum courses. The results show that three factors influence the ways that the professors design this course: (a) their view of mathematics curriculum, (b) their view of graduate students’ contributions to classroom atmosphere, and (c) their learning goals for the graduate students.

Zelha Tunç-Pekkan

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Graduate studies in instrumentation at the University of Provence  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The University of Provence instrumentation department offers a high level of graduate and post graduate engineering programs. Its mission is to form technician experts and engineers with a deep knowledge in their discipline: metrology, instrumentation, tests, Research and Development, automatism and industrial process control. The specialty of master on test facilities instrumentation has been developed in collaboration with the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) since 2004. This curriculum offers now a specialization in nuclear detection and nuclear instrumentation. More than 80% of the graduates formed by block-release training of master find a job within 6 months

2009-01-01

342

Educational support for specialist international medical graduates in anaesthesia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To measure specialist international medical graduates' (SIMGs) level of learning through participation in guided tutorials, face-to-face or through videoconferencing (VC), and the effect of tutorial attendance and quality of participation on success in specialist college examinations. DESIGN AND SETTING: Tutorials were conducted at the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital between 19 September 2007 and 23 August 2010, and delivered through VC to participants at other locations. Tutorials were recorded and transcribed, and speaker contributions were tagged and ranked using content analysis software. Summary examination results were obtained from the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Tutorial participation and attendance, and college examination pass and fail rates. RESULTS: Transcripts were obtained for 116 tutorials. The median participation percentage for those who subsequently failed the college examinations was 1% (interquartile range [IQR], 0%-1%), while for those who passed the exams it was 5% (IQR, 2%-8%; P < 0.001). There was also an association between attendance and exam success; the median (IQR) attendance of those who failed was 24% (IQR, 14%-39%), while for those who passed it was 59% (IQR, 39%-77%; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Use of VC technology was found to be a feasible method to assist SIMGs to become aware of the requirements of the exam and to prepare more effectively.

Higgins NS; Taraporewalla K; Edirippulige S; Ware RS; Steyn M; Watson MO

2013-08-01

343

Correlates of new graduate nurses' experiences of workplace mistreatment.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: This study explores correlates of new graduate nurses' experiences of workplace mistreatment. BACKGROUND: New graduate nurses' experiences of workplace mistreatment, such as bullying, coworker incivility, and supervisor incivility, negatively influence nurses' work and health. It is unclear whether these forms of workplace mistreatment have similar precipitating factors and outcomes. METHODS: We surveyed 342 new graduate nurses in Ontario to explore correlates of 3 forms of workplace mistreatment. RESULTS: Workplace incivility and bullying were significantly related to authentic leadership, structural empowerment, worklife fit, and psychological capital. Bullying was more strongly related to job satisfaction, emotional exhaustion, and mental and physical health outcomes than supervisor and coworker incivility. CONCLUSIONS: New graduate nurses' experiences of 3 types of workplace mistreatment are related to organizational and health factors, although bullying appears to have stronger negative effects.

Read E; Laschinger HK

2013-04-01

344

An evaluation of physical fitness parameters for graduate students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Although graduate physical therapy students are taught the principles of fitness for incorporation into their professional lives, they have difficulty finding the time to implement these principles during graduate school. The authors studied 3 successive classes of graduate physical therapy students at the beginning and ending of their respective programs. They found that the women's percentages of body fat were significantly greater over the period of the study. The men's lower extremity strength decreased at the slower speeds (60 degrees/second), and the women showed increased strength at the higher speeds (180 and 240 degrees/second, respectively). Male grip strength significantly increased over the period of the study. To decrease students' percentages of body fat and increase their strength, the authors asserted that physical therapy students should be allowed more time to participate in fitness activities during their graduate school years.

McWhorter JW; Wallmann H; Tandy RD

2002-07-01

345

An evaluation of physical fitness parameters for graduate students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although graduate physical therapy students are taught the principles of fitness for incorporation into their professional lives, they have difficulty finding the time to implement these principles during graduate school. The authors studied 3 successive classes of graduate physical therapy students at the beginning and ending of their respective programs. They found that the women's percentages of body fat were significantly greater over the period of the study. The men's lower extremity strength decreased at the slower speeds (60 degrees/second), and the women showed increased strength at the higher speeds (180 and 240 degrees/second, respectively). Male grip strength significantly increased over the period of the study. To decrease students' percentages of body fat and increase their strength, the authors asserted that physical therapy students should be allowed more time to participate in fitness activities during their graduate school years. PMID:12222845

McWhorter, J Wesley; Wallmann, Harvey; Tandy, Richard D

2002-07-01

346

Factors affecting the academic progression of associate degree graduates.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Oregon Consortium for Nursing Education (OCNE) is a coalition of community colleges and the campuses of the Oregon Health & Sciences University (OHSU), created to share a competency-based curriculum by which associate degree graduates from an OCNE campus are eligible to complete requirements for the bachelor's degree after 1 year of additional full-time study. Since 2006, three graduating classes from consortium community college programs have graduated 760 students eligible for direct transfer to OHSU; however, only 228 (30%) have actually transferred. This study aimed to explore the factors that influenced the 208 graduates in the class of 2010 not to transfer. The primary reasons for discontinuing their nursing education, in ranked order, were financial concerns, conflict with time and energy for work, and conflict with time and energy for family. This study has implications for achieving the academic progression goals recommended in the Institute of Medicine's The Future of Nursing report.

Munkvold J; Tanner CA; Herinckx H

2012-04-01

347

Graduate Training in Toxicology in Colleges of Veterinary Medicine.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Presented are an American Board of Veterinary Toxicology survey and evaluation of the training resources available in graduate programs in toxicology located in colleges of veterinary medicine. Regulatory toxicology, number of toxicologists needed, and curriculum are also discussed. (JMD)|

Robens, J. F.; Buck, W. B.

1979-01-01

348

Typologies of Professional Identity Among Graduating Baccalaureate-Prepared Nurses.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study expands on what is known about patterns of professional identity among nurses and helps provide a beginning framework for understanding the values new graduates bring to practice.

Hensel D

2013-10-01

349

Chinese High School Graduates’ Beliefs About English Learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports on an investigation of a cohort of Chinese high school graduates’ beliefs about English learning. A 24-item questionnaire is administered on 171 high school graduates to investigate their beliefs about the nature, difficulty, autonomy and learning environment in English learning. The data are analyzed through frequency statistics. Results show that Chinese high school graduates in general: 1) underestimate the difficulty of learning English; 2) expect communicative language teaching model; 3) demonstrate a high preference for an immersion approach; and 4) display a high degree of autonomy in English learning. The findings are beneficial for need analysis and provide guidance for curriculum design to the University in research and other similar contexts.Key words: High school graduates; Beliefs about English learning; English learning experiences

Chi-li LI

2011-01-01

350

Financial support of graduate programs in Brazil: quo vadis?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Graduate programs provide the highest level of formal education and thus are crucial for the development of any country. However, official Brazilian data clearly show a dramatic decrease in the number and values of scholarships available to graduate programs in Brazil over the last few years, despite the importance and growth of such programs. Between 1995 and 2004, investment by the Coordenadoria de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal do Ensino Superior (CAPES, subordinate to the Ministry of Education and Culture) in funding scholarships, corrected for inflation in the period, actually decreased by 51%. In addition, during the period between 1994 and 2004, there was a loss of about 60% in the purchasing power of the graduate scholarships provided by CAPES and the National Council for Science and Technology (CNPq). To reverse this trend, we propose the development of sectorial funding for Brazilian graduate programs to guarantee the availability and continuity of financial support for this strategic activity.

A.F. Helene; G.F. Xavier

2006-01-01

351

Financial support of graduate programs in Brazil: quo vadis?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Graduate programs provide the highest level of formal education and thus are crucial for the development of any country. However, official Brazilian data clearly show a dramatic decrease in the number and values of scholarships available to graduate programs in Brazil over the last few years, despite the importance and growth of such programs. Between 1995 and 2004, investment by the Coordenadoria de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal do Ensino Superior (CAPES, subordinate to th (more) e Ministry of Education and Culture) in funding scholarships, corrected for inflation in the period, actually decreased by 51%. In addition, during the period between 1994 and 2004, there was a loss of about 60% in the purchasing power of the graduate scholarships provided by CAPES and the National Council for Science and Technology (CNPq). To reverse this trend, we propose the development of sectorial funding for Brazilian graduate programs to guarantee the availability and continuity of financial support for this strategic activity.

Helene, A.F.; Xavier, G.F.

2006-07-01

352

Remaking the Graduate Curriculum: The Chair as Pragmatic Reformer.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Describes a practical approach to curricular revision from the point of view of a English department chair who presided over the remaking of the graduate curriculum and the hiring of new faculty. (RS)|

Ide, Richard S.

1992-01-01

353

The topology of the federal funds market  

Science.gov (United States)

We explore the network topology of the federal funds market. This market is important for distributing liquidity throughout the financial system and for the implementation of monetary policy. The recent turmoil in global financial markets underscores its importance. We find that the network is sparse, exhibits the small-world phenomenon, and is disassortative. Centrality measures are useful predictors of the interest rate of a loan.

Bech, Morten L.; Atalay, Enghin

2010-11-01

354

Developing Generic Skills at University, during Work Placement and in Employment: Graduates' Perceptions  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents findings from Stage 4 of the Griffith Graduate Project. Graduates from three Schools within Griffith University were surveyed to determine their perceptions of the contributions that the learning contexts of university, work placement and post-graduation employment made to the development of their generic skills. All graduates

Crebert, Gay; Bates, Merrelyn; Bell, Barry; Patrick, Carol-Joy; Cragnolini, Vanda

2004-01-01

355

Profile analysis of post graduate education of midwifery in Turkey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: It is expected from midwives, who are graduated from the post graduate education program, to play an active role in educating midwives who will work in the same area besides protecting and developing maternity and child welfare. Aim: The objective in this research is to analyze some properties about post-graduate midwifery students' education and profession and to investigate undergraduate students', who are studying in post-graduate level, major field of studies. Method: In 2007–2008 academic years, it was reached the data of 84 midwives out of 114 in total, who were registered to the Institute of Health Sciences. They were studying or completed their post-graduate education. Results: It is stated in the research that 56.0% of the midwives who are undergraduate students continue their post-graduate program, 28.6% of them complete it and 15.4% of them continue their doctorate program. Major fields of studies that are completed or maintained by order of highest percentage are: Department of Midwifery, Women Health and Labour Nursing and Public Health Nursing. It is remarkable that doctorate education is mostly maintained in Women Health and Labour Nursing Department, Faculty of Medicine-Department of Public Health and Public Health Nursing major fields of studies. Almost half of the midwives (46.4%) states that they carry on their post-graduate education in order to increase the status of the profession and provide scientific development. All of the participants think that it is necessary to open up Midwifery Doctorate Program as soon as possible in Turkey. Conclusions: As a result of the research; it is detected that the need of post-graduate education in the field of midwifery is increasing day by day.

Ummahan Yücel; Aysun Ek?io?lu; Mahide Demirelöz; Zehra Baykal Akme?e; Yeliz Çak?r Koçak; Neriman So?ukp?nar

2013-01-01

356

Graduate Attributes for Higher Education and Their Development in Bahrain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The general consensus in our society to the primary aim in obtaining a university degree is to improve one’s wellbeing by obtaining a suitable well paid position after graduation. Many educationalists disagree with this goal to be the ultimate as stated by Haigh and Clifford (2010) ‘there is more to life than doing a job. The graduates of our higher education system will be more than employees/employers, they will also be future leaders in our world and our neighbours and so affect our lives at all levels’. It is statements such as these that sparked the Graduate Attributes debate that has been going on over the past two decades and has recently intensified. This paper addresses Graduate Attributes as an issue that has been underestimated by higher education across the globe, but recently there have been some efforts to formalize and appropriately articulate them within the curriculum. The paper looks at Graduate Attributes as they are perceived by educators worldwide and presents some of the recent international efforts to establish attributes for higher education. The generic attributes that are suggested by a number of educational entities are presented and compared to find the commonalities of recommended attributes for future graduates. A discussion of the state of Graduate Attributes in Bahrain’s higher education sector is carried out including a brief review and general observations of the attributes as published by a number of universities for Business and IT disciplines. The paper addresses the requirements of the National Authority for Qualifications and Quality Assurance of Education and Training in Bahrain and its possible impact on improving the state of Graduate Attributes offered by higher education institutions in Bahrain.

Fawzi A. Albalooshi

2013-01-01

357

The doctor of nursing practice graduate as faculty member.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article focuses on the emerging role of the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) graduate as faculty member. Discussion includes historical composition of faculties. Re-evaluation of Boyer's model of scholarship in relation to faculty roles is examined. Discussion includes barriers facing current DNP faculty as well as the potential advantages that DNP graduates may make toward school of nursing faculties. Discussion concludes with considerations for the future of the discipline as demographics and traditional values shift over time. PMID:23137605

Bellini, Sandra; McCauley, Paula; Cusson, Regina M

2012-09-10

358

The doctor of nursing practice graduate as faculty member.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article focuses on the emerging role of the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) graduate as faculty member. Discussion includes historical composition of faculties. Re-evaluation of Boyer's model of scholarship in relation to faculty roles is examined. Discussion includes barriers facing current DNP faculty as well as the potential advantages that DNP graduates may make toward school of nursing faculties. Discussion concludes with considerations for the future of the discipline as demographics and traditional values shift over time.

Bellini S; McCauley P; Cusson RM

2012-12-01

359

GIFTS: Graduate Interviews Using Faculty, Technology, and Students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article describes an innovative teaching strategy-GIFTS (Graduate Interviews using Faculty, Technology, and Students)-that can be used to prepare doctoral nursing students for a faculty position interview after graduation. This type of educational strategy is needed in the face of the current nurse faculty shortage. In addition, it can serve to better prepare novice nurse educators who struggle with the transition from clinical practice to academia. [J Nurs Educ. 2013;52(x):xxx-xxx.].

Rutherford-Hemming T

2013-09-01

360

New graduate nurses' transition to home healthcare: an integrative review.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article is a review of relevant literature exploring the factors that contribute to new graduate nurses' transition to home healthcare nursing. The results revealed themes that include introducing the nurse to home healthcare nursing, knowledge and confidence, and developing the professional role. The review findings suggest that home healthcare leaders should consider recruiting new graduate nurses to home healthcare nursing and provide a structured orientation program in a supportive and welcoming work environment.

Foley A

2013-03-01

 
 
 
 
361

The nurse advocate project: a strategy to retain new graduates.  

Science.gov (United States)

Would you like to have 96% of the newly graduated nurses you hired last year still working for you a year later? Does your staff know how to help new graduates, who have been in the student role for over 20 years, adjust to the world of work? The author discusses the nurse advocate project which increased retention, decreased costs, and fostered a more positive work environment for all staff. PMID:2585112

Andersen, S L

1989-12-01

362

The nurse advocate project: a strategy to retain new graduates.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Would you like to have 96% of the newly graduated nurses you hired last year still working for you a year later? Does your staff know how to help new graduates, who have been in the student role for over 20 years, adjust to the world of work? The author discusses the nurse advocate project which increased retention, decreased costs, and fostered a more positive work environment for all staff.

Andersen SL

1989-12-01

363

The Bremen International Graduate School for Marine Sciences (GLOMAR) - Postgraduate education with an interdisciplinary focus  

Science.gov (United States)

The Bremen International Graduate School for Marine Sciences (GLOMAR) provides a dedicated research training programme for PhD students in all fields related the marine realm combined with an exceptional supervision and support programme in a stimulating research environment. The graduate school is part of MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences which is funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) within the frame of the Excellence Initiative by the German federal and state governments to promote top-level research at German universities. GLOMAR hosts approx. 75 PhD students from different research institutions in Bremen and Bremerhaven. 50% of them are German, 50% have an international background. All students are a member of one of the four GLOMAR research areas: (A) Ocean & Climate, (B) Ocean & Seafloor, (C) Ocean & Life and (D) Ocean & Society. Their academic background ranges from the classical natural sciences to law, social and political sciences. The research areas are supervised by research associates who share their experience and offer advice for their younger colleagues. GLOMAR students work in an interdisciplinary and international context. They spend several months at a foreign research institution and are encouraged to actively participate in international conferences and publish their research results in international scientific journals. The services GLOMAR offers for its PhD students include team supervision by a thesis committee, a comprehensive course programme, research seminars and retreats, a family support programme, a mentoring programme for women in science, an ombudsperson and a funding system for conference trips, research residencies and publication costs. The graduate school offers different formats for interdisciplinary exchange within the PhD student community. Monthly research seminars, which are conducted by the GLOMAR research associates, provide an opportunity to discuss research results, practice oral and poster presentations and learn about methods in research fields other than their own. In the framework of two annual young scientist conferences, PhD students can learn how to organize a conference and practice their skills in presenting, discussing, chairing sessions and building their own network within the community of young scientists. Introductory and expert training courses cover a wide range of topics from different disciplines. More information about the graduate school and its programme can be found on the GLOMAR web page: http://www.marum.de/en/GLOMAR.html

Klose, Christina

2013-04-01

364

Recent Canadian ophthalmology graduates: experiences in finding jobs and assessment of their training.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the ability of recent Canadian ophthalmology graduates to commence clinical practice and obtain surgical privileges. A secondary objective was to assess their perception of the adequacy of their residency training. DESIGN: An Internet questionnaire survey. PARTICIPANTS: Canadian graduates of Canadian ophthalmology residency programs between 2005 and 2009, inclusive. METHODS: Email addresses for the participants were obtained from the Canadian Ophthalmological Society and invitations to participate were sent, followed by 2 reminder emails. RESULTS: A 44% response rate was obtained (65 out of 154 emails sent). Of the respondents, 91% were working full time, and 89% had operating-room time. Training was adequate for all CanMEDs competencies except working as a manager. Assessment that one's practice did not live up to expectations correlated with male gender, dissatisfaction with location, inability to get operating-room time, inability to get other hospital resources, feelings about fairness of distribution of resources, and net income below expectations. CONCLUSIONS: For the most part, recent graduates are successful in establishing practices that meet their expectations. Training in management skills should be improved in residency programs.

Bellan L

2012-06-01

365

The destination of Pacific Island health professional graduates from a New Zealand university  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background There is a shortage of health professionals in Pacific Island states and territories, and a need in New Zealand for Pacific health professionals to serve Pacific communities. Methods A cross-sectional postal survey was conducted to investigate retention of Pacific graduates. All graduates of Pacific ethnicity or nationality from the University of Otago in the years 1994 to 2004 in medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, physiotherapy and medical laboratory science were included. Results The response rate was 59% (75 out of 128). Only 7% of respondents were working in the Pacific Islands (12% of non-residents and 4% of New Zealand residents), though the proportion in the whole cohort could be up to 20%. One third intended to work in Pacific communities in New Zealand or the Pacific Islands in the future. Factors that would favour such an intention were an adequate income, job availability, and good working conditions. Conclusions Retention of graduates in the Pacific Islands is poor and measures to improve retention are needed.

Nair Shiva M; Mishra Prabal R; Norris Pauline T; Paul Charlotte

2012-01-01

366

Training for solar jobs: a follow-up of California CETA programs and their graduates  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study assessed solar training offered by CETA-funded programs and labor market experiences of program graduates. The initial research was restricted to programs within California, because the state is involved in a variety of solar-related activities, including development of jobs and training programs in solar energy. Interviews were conducted with 12 CETA solar training programs and graduates in 1979, in cooperation with California's SolarCal Office. Information on graduates includes demographics, educational and work experience, satisfaction with solar training, types of jobs found, wage levels, and job tenure. Program information includes length, types of training, and the number and kinds of solar systems installed. Results show that major program problems were: limited funding; shortages of trained instructors; insufficient staff; need for local employment information; need for a better defined role for unions; and pressures for high placement rates. The curricula involved general skills, skills specific to solar technologies, and basic job behavior and skills. The training involved both classroom and hands-on experience and was mainly tailored to participants and the local job market. Successful placement of program participants was relatively high; over half the initial job placements involved solar energy. Solar jobs appeared to pay more than nonsolar jobs. Participants generally felt that their training had prepared them adequately for their current work.

Burns, B.A.; Mason, B.; Mikasa, G.Y.

1980-09-01

367

Does a third year of emergency medicine training make a difference? Historical cohort study of Queen's University graduates.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes of a third-year residency (PGY-3) program in family medicine/emergency medicine in terms of its graduates' practice characteristics and their self-assessed preparedness for practising emergency medicine. DESIGN: A questionnaire was sent to graduates of Queen's University's family medicine residency programs. SETTING: Recent graduates' practices. PARTICIPANTS: All 30 graduates of Queen's University's Family Medicine/Emergency Medicine Program (PGY-3s) from 1988 to 1997 and 90 matched controls chosen randomly from among the 250 graduates of the 2-year family medicine residency program (PGY-2s) during the same period. Six of the 120 were excluded. Response rate was 89%. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Current practice of family and emergency medicine, leadership activities in emergency medicine, self-assessment of preparedness to practise and to lead others at the end of training, self-report of frequency of emergency care situations in subsequent practice for which physicians felt unprepared by their training, and catchment population and "rurality" of location of current practice. RESULTS: Compared with controls, more PGY-3s practiced and took leadership roles in emergency medicine in their hospitals and communities. At the end of their training, PGY-3s reported higher levels of preparedness for practicing and providing leadership in emergency medicine. Both groups reported the same frequency of encountering emergency situations in subsequent practice for which they felt inadequately prepared. Both groups practised in communities of similar size and location. CONCLUSION: Graduates of Queen's University's third-year emergency medicine program appear to practise in accordance with their extra training.

Casson I; Godwin M; Brown G; Birenbaum A; Dhalla M

2001-01-01

368

Stay Rates of Foreign Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities, 2007  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Study of the stay rate in the United States of foreign nationals receiving their S/E doctorates from U.S. universities. This study has estimated stay rates in 2007 for persons receiving a doctorate one, two, five, and ten years previously. The two-year stay rate (for 2005 graduates) recovered from the decline experienced earlier in the decade. The five-year stay rate (for 2002 graduates) is lower; the ten-year stay rate (for 1997 graduates) reached a new high.

Dr. Michael G. Finn

2010-01-04

369

Self-reported cultural skills from dental students and graduates from Melbourne, Australia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To explore Melbourne Dental School students and graduates' self-assessed levels of competence and skill regarding cultural issues which emerge in dental treatment, and their perceptions of the dental curriculum in addressing socio-cultural issues. METHODS: Information was derived from a 59-item questionnaire consisting of three parts: socio-demographic; self-assessed level of culture competency within the clinical encounter; and cultural aspects in the dental curriculum. Data was collected from undergraduate dental students enrolled in the fourth year of 2006 and 2007 and fifth year of 2006 and from dentists who graduated in 2002 and 2003. RESULTS: A total of 133 students and 37 dentists took part in the survey. Response rates were 68.9% among students and 92.6% among dentists. The majority (students: 90.2%; graduates: 62.1%) indicated 'Very often'/'Always' treating patients from different cultural backgrounds. Distribution of competencies showed that participants felt fairly competent in communicating and establishing rapport, but less competent in dealing with patients' cultural practices, and patients' family involvement. The majority (students: 72.1%; graduates: 59.7%) perceived the coverage of socio-cultural aspects in the course as not adequate. Around 40% of participants indicated that inclusion of socio-cultural awareness in the dental curriculum was important or very important. CONCLUSION: Although there were some significant differences in participants' reports, they generally self-reported having good competency and skill in providing care to patients from different cultural backgrounds. Further exploration of these issues would enhance the future dental workforce's quality of care, professionalism and capacity for cultural competence.

Marino R; Morgan M; Hawthorne L; Bata M

2013-02-01

370

Psychological career resources and coping resources of the young unemployed African graduate: an exploratory study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english ORIENTATION: Youth unemployment in South Africa presents unique challenges to the young unemployed graduate and requires a range of psychological coping capacities from the young adult. RESEARCH PURPOSE: This study explored the relationship between the psychological career resources (as measured by the Psychological Career Resources Inventory) and coping resources (as measured by the Coping Resources Inventory) of a sample of 196 young unemployed African graduates. MOTIVA (more) TION FOR STUDY: There is an increasing need for career counsellors and practitioners to explore the psychological attributes and career-related resources that young people employ or require to help them deal with the challenges posed by unemployment during the school-to-work transition phase of their lives. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A survey design and quantitative statistical procedures were used to achieve the research objective. Convenience sampling was used on a population of 500 unemployed graduate black people who attended a 12-week Work Readiness Programme (39% response rate). MAIN FINDINGS: Multiple regression analyses indicated that dimensions of psychological career resources contribute significantly to explaining the proportion of variance in the participants' coping resources scores. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The insights derived from the findings can be employed by career counsellors and practitioners to construct a more comprehensive career framework for the individual in the school-to-work transition phase. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: The findings add valuable new knowledge that can be used to inform career services concerned with guiding and counselling young graduates in the school-to-work transition phase.

Coetzee, Melinde; Esterhuizen, Kerith

2010-01-01

371

Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is mandated by Congress to be the agency that collects, analyzes, and disseminates impartial, comprehensive data about energy including the volume consumed, its customers, and the purposes for which it is used. The Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey (FBSS) was conducted by EIA in conjunction with DOE`s Office of Federal Energy Management Programs (OFEMP) to gain a better understanding of how Federal buildings use energy. This report presents the data from 881 completed telephone interviews with Federal buildings in three Federal regions. These buildings were systematically selected using OFEMP`s specifications; therefore, these data do not statistically represent all Federal buildings in the country. The purpose of the FBSS was threefold: (1) to understand the characteristics of Federal buildings and their energy use; (2) to provide a baseline in these three Federal regions to measure future energy use in Federal buildings as required in EPACT; and (3) to compare building characteristics and energy use with the data collected in the CBECS.

NONE

1995-11-01

372

Recent Federal tax initiatives  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A new tax category, called the Canadian Renewable Conservation Expenses (CRCE), was described. The category was first introduced in the 1997 federal budget. At the same time, the restrictive `Specified Energy Property Rule` of Class 43.1, was relaxed. These changes mean that renewable energy and energy efficiency investments will be on a more level playing field with the traditional energy sector, the oil and gas industry. CRCE has the potential to significantly improve access to financing for projects that qualify for Class 43.1 treatment. These tax measures are regarded as a step in the right direction to give the renewable energy sector the opportunities it deserves. A list of expense categories for wind energy projects was provided. 1 tab.

Keating, J.D. [Canadian Hydro Developers Inc., Calgary, AB (Canada)

1997-06-01

373

International Road Federation: Publications  

Science.gov (United States)

Based in Geneva, Switzerland, the International Road Federation (IRF) is an organization of road experts with the "mission to encourage and promote development and maintenance of better, safer and more sustainable roads and road networks." Visitors will find that their website includes sections on "Projects", "Training", "Statistics" and "Publications". In the "Publications" section, there are more than a dozen issues of the IRF Bulletin shown, all available for free on the site. Some of the topics of the Special Edition Bulletins include "Rural Transport", "Urban Mobility", "Public Private Partnership", and "Intelligent Transport Systems". The Rural Transport Special Edition has articles such as "Transport Poverty Alleviation: An Approach in Bangladesh" and "The Impact of Rural Transport on Socio-Economic Development in Nicaragua". Some of the other publications available to visitors are the monthly "World Highways" and "Bi-Annual Reports" which offer a movieclip slideshow for the IRF's 60th anniversary.

374

Meeting the needs of new graduates in the emergency department: a qualitative study evaluating a new graduate internship program.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of new graduate emergency nurses participating in a structured internship program. In order to meet the needs of new graduate nurses in emergency departments, these departments have developed a variety of orientation programs, some more successful than others. One type of program involves a combination of didactic content and hands-on clinical experience. This study examines the experiences of new graduate nurses in an internship program at a 200-bed community hospital. METHODS: A qualitative design was used. Interviews with 8 of 9 nurses who participated in the new graduate internship program between 2006 and 2007 were conducted. Content analysis was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Three themes were identified from the experiences and expectations reported in the interviews: (1) the acquisition of new knowledge and skills in a specialty area, (2) becoming more proficient, and (3) assistance with role transition. The significant role and importance of the unit-base clinical nurse specialist (CNS) and the nurse preceptors were also identified. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that a structured internship program is helpful to new graduate nurses when orienting to a critical care area such as the emergency department. Furthermore, the combination of didactic and clinical content, and the roles of the preceptor and unit-base CNS appear to be key factors in the successful transition from new graduate to emergency nurse.

Glynn P; Silva S

2013-03-01

375

The Causes of Reading Difficulty: The Perception of Iranian EFL Post-graduate and Under-graduate Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigates the causes of the reading difficulty as perceived by under-graduate and post-graduate EFL learners. 34 post-graduate and 36 under-graduate students at the University of Isfahan took part in this study. In particular, this study tries to know whether there is any difference between the perceptions of these two groups of learners. A questionnaire synthesized Eskey (1986), and Bernhardt (1991), cited in Lin (2002), was used as the main instrument for analysis of knowledge categories affecting reading comprehension. The questionnaire considered three general categories of linguistic, conceptual and socio-cultural knowledge as the building blocks of reading. It consists of four multiple-choice questions, all accepting multiple responses. The results of the frequency analysis showed that post-graduate students, with higher level of language proficiency, attached less importance to linguistic knowledge as the factor helping reading comprehension success, but most importance to socio-cultural and conceptual knowledge. With the decrease of linguistic knowledge; however, under-graduates attached better reading comprehension to linguistic knowledge rather than socio-linguistic and conceptual knowledge.

Shiela Kheirzadeh; Elahe Tavakoli

2012-01-01

376

INFORMATION SYSTEMS GRADUATE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN BRAZIL INFORMATION SYSTEMS GRADUATE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN BRAZIL  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Este artigo apresenta o Programa de Pós-graduação em Sistemas de Informação da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO) e suas estratégias para desenvolver pesquisas na área no Brasil. Essas estratégias incluem o projeto de áreas de pesquisa em Sistemas de Informação e do currículo do seu pro...

Renata Mendes de Araújo; Márcio de Oliveira Barros

377

Experiments to determine drift patterns and rates of recovery of sea otter carcasses following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Marine mammal study 6-9. Exxon Valdez oil spill state/federal natural resource damage assessment final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate efforts to recover sea otter (Enhydra lutris) carcasses following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. The first study was implemented during sea otter rescue and carcass recovery activities to assess the probability of carcass recovery. Twenty-five previously recovered sea otter carcasses were marked with flipper tags and released near northern Kodiak Island between 27 May and 3 June 1989. Five were recovered, for a recovery rate of 20%. In the second study, 30 radio-monitored floats designed to assess drift characteristics of floating sea otter carcasses were deployed in early summer 1990. During a 43-day monitoring period, 27 were known to have washed ashore, 25 in Prince William Sound (PWS) and two on the Gulf of Alaska coast of Montague Island. These studies suggest that many more sea otters may have died from the spill than were recovered, and that some sea otters succumbing to oil exposure in PWS could have drifted outside of PWS and never been recovered.

Doroff, A.M.; DeGange, A.R.

1995-05-01

378

International Post-Graduate Study Course  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Head: Tadeusz Lesiak, Assoc. Prof. Doctoral studies at the Institute of Nuclear Physics began in 1984. We co-operate closely with the Tadeusz Kosciuszko Technical University and the Pedagogical Academy in Cracow as well as with the University of Rzeszow. There is also a close collaboration, based on bilateral agreements, with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Dubna), the Czech Technical University (Prague), the State Byelorussian University (Minsk), the Bilkent University (Ankara) and Universite Paris 6 Pierre et Marie Curie. Prospective candidates have to be university graduates with a M.Sc. degree in Physics or with a M.Eng. degree in a physics-related discipline of applied science. The recruitment is performed every year. Available subjects of study span theoretical and experimental investigations of fundamental interactions (High Energy Physics), theoretical and experimental investigations of condensed matter, atomic physics, astrophysics, foundations of physical theories and mathematical methods of physics, dynamical systems in studies of complex phenomena in nature, computer modeling of structural and dynamical properties of condensed matter, physical methods in investigations of polymers, biological and biomedical applications of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and other tomography methods, radioisotopes for biomedical sciences, radiation in medical diagnosis and therapy, ultra-sensitive detection methods in biology, material science and environment control, ion implementation in the preparation of new materials. The studies are of four years duration. In the academic year 2006/07 we have 72 students. A substantial part of them are foreigners (eight from the former Soviet Union and two from Italy). We observe a significant growth in the number of applications, especially from Ukraine and Belarus. The successive candidates from these countries are routinely awarded scholarships, founded by Polish Ministry of National Education. In the period 2005-2007, fifteen Polish students are receiving the scholarships from the EU Structural Funds. One of our students (Andrzej Szelc) won a prestigious scholarship of Polish Academy of Sciences. In the period 2005-2006 we have granted the Ph.D. degree in physics to 17 young scientists (more than 120 during the past 22 years of activity). The most distinguished results concerned the following topics: evidence for a new Ds meson in B meson decays ( Jolanta Brodzicka), determination of hadron emitter radii in Z0 decays (Marcin Kucharczyk), interdisciplinary research, aimed at application of methods of nuclear and statistical physics in econophysics (Pawel Oswiecimka), the experimental study of very hot and extremely fast rotating nuclei (Monika Brekiesz), the solution of the normal ordering problem of boson operators (Pawel Blasiak) and the theoretical description of magnetosphere of neutron stars (Marcin Kolonko). (author)

2007-01-01

379

Turnover intention of graduate nurses in South Korea.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The purpose of this study was to identify the turnover intention of graduate nurses in South Korea and to explore the correlates of turnover intention. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational design was used. The participants comprised 225 female nurses who were working at 13 general hospitals and who had accumulated <12 months of clinical nursing experience since their graduation. The data were collected through a structured questionnaire that was conducted from 5-31 August 2009. RESULTS: The mean score for turnover intention was 7.51. Turnover intention was found to be related to the number of beds in the hospital, workplace, and duration of job orientation (theory and practice), instruction by a preceptor, job stress, clinical competence, self-efficacy, and the practice environment. In the multivariate approach, the practice environment, job stress, and the workplace were found to be significantly related to turnover intention and accounted for 36% of the said intention in the studied graduate nurses. CONCLUSION: The results support that the characteristics of magnet hospitals that improve the practice environment could play a critical role in retaining nurses in hospitals. Managerial interventions that enhance the practice environment, reduce job stress, and place graduate nurses in nursing units with a single specialty could benefit the hospitals employing such nurses. Further research to explore the effects of managerial strategies on graduate nurses' turnover intention is warranted.

Lee H; Lim Y; Jung HY; Shin YW

2012-06-01

380

Graduation in Denmark : Secular Ritual and Civil Religion  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Secular rituals are ceremonies having the characteristics of religious rituals but without a transcendental reference. The traditions and ceremonies associated with graduation from the secondary school system in Denmark is apparently such a secular ritual, and the entire period of graduation has all the characteristics of a rite of passage. The graduates wear a traditional cap with a cross as cockade emblem; this special cross is a symbol of Denmark. For graduates of non-Christian background, alternative cockade emblems are available, e.g. a Star of David or a crescent; this shows that the cross emblem is also perceived as a Christian symbol. Social anthropologists Sally Moore and Barbara Myerhoff have suggested a scheme of the categories of religious versus scared for analysing secular rituals where religious symbols are sometimes exhibited. The applicability of their approach is discussed in the analysis of a central part of the Danish graduation ritual, which is a tradition-laden ride through town with thegraduates sitting on the platform of a richly decorated old truck. Finding that the approach of Moore and Myerhoff is not particularly yielding in this case I suggest that it is more meaningful to analyse this ritual ride as an expression of Danish civil religion.

Warburg, Margit

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Are Canadian General Internal Medicine training program graduates well prepared for their future careers?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background At a time of increased need and demand for general internists in Canada, the attractiveness of generalist careers (including general internal medicine, GIM) has been falling as evidenced by the low number of residents choosing this specialty. One hypothesis for the lack of interest in a generalist career is lack of comfort with the skills needed to practice after training, and the mismatch between the tertiary care, inpatient training environment and "real life". This project was designed to determine perceived effectiveness of training for 10 years of graduates of Canadian GIM programs to assist in the development of curriculum and objectives for general internists that will meet the needs of graduates and ultimately society. Methods Mailed survey designed to explore perceived importance of training for and preparation for various aspects of Canadian GIM practice. After extensive piloting of the survey, including a pilot survey of two universities to improve the questionnaire, all graduates of the 16 universities over the previous ten years were surveyed. Results Gaps (difference between importance and preparation) were demonstrated in many of the CanMEDS 2000/2005® competencies. Medical problems of pregnancy, perioperative care, pain management, chronic care, ambulatory care and community GIM rotations were the medical expert areas with the largest gaps. Exposure to procedural skills was perceived to be lacking. Some procedural skills valued as important for current GIM trainees and performed frequently (example ambulatory ECG interpretation) had low preparation ratings by trainees. Other areas of perceived discrepancy between training and practice included: manager role (set up of an office), health advocate (counseling for prevention, for example smoking cessation), and professional (end of life issues, ethics). Conclusion Graduates of Canadian GIM training programs over the last ten years have identified perceived gaps between training and important areas for practice. They have identified competencies that should be emphasized in Canadian GIM programs. Ongoing review of graduate's perceptions of training programs as it applies to their current practice is important to ensure ongoing appropriateness of training programs. This information will be used to strengthen GIM training programs in Canada.

Card Sharon E; Snell Linda; O'Brien Brian

2006-01-01

382

A study of the factors affecting advancement and graduation for engineering students  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was, first, to determine whether a set of predictor variables could be identified from pre-enrollment and post-enrollment data that would differentiate students who advance to a major in engineering from non-advancers and, further, to determine if the predictor variables would differentiate students who graduate from the College of Engineering from non-graduates and graduates of other colleges at Auburn University. A second purpose was to determine if the predictor variables would correctly identify male and female students with the same degree of accuracy. The third purpose was to determine if there were significant relationships between the predictor variables studied and grades earned in a set of 15 courses that have enrollments over 100 students and are part of the pre-engineering curriculum. The population for this study was the 868 students who entered the pre-engineering program at Auburn University as freshmen during the Summer and Fall Quarters of 1991. The variables selected to differentiate the different groups were ACT scores, high school grade indices, and first quarter college grade point average. Two sets of classification matrices were developed using analysis and holdout samples that were divided based on sex. With respect to the question about advancement to the professional engineering program, structure coefficients derived from discriminant analysis procedures performed on all the cases combined indicated that first quarter college grade point average, high school math index, ACT math score, and high school science grade index were important predictor variables in classifying students who advanced to the professional engineering program and those who did not. Further, important structure coefficients with respect to graduation with a degree from the College of Engineering were first quarter college grade point average, high school math index, ACT math score, and high school science grade index. The results of this study indicated that significant differences existed in the model's ability to predict advancement and graduation for male and female students. This difference was not unexpected based on the male-dominated population. However, the models identified predicted at a high rate for both male and female students. Finally, many significant relationships were found to exist between the predictor variables and the 15 pre-engineering courses that were selected. The strength of the relationships ranged from a high of .82, p .05 (Chemistry 102 with ACT science score).

Fletcher, John Thomas

383

Energy efficiency in the federal government  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book contains the following chapters: Policies and Programs for Federal Energy Efficiency; Federal Spending on Energy Used in Commercial and Residential Buildings; Federal Energy Use in General Operations; Six Case Studies; Constraints on Increased Federal Energy Efficiency; and Policy Issues and Options for Improving Federal Energy Efficiency.

1991-01-01

384

Russian Federation. Health system review.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The HiT reviews are country-based reports that provide a detailed description of a health system and of policy initiatives in progress or under development. HiTs examine different approaches to the organization, financing and delivery of health services and the role of the main actors in health systems; describe the institutional framework, process, content and implementation of health and health care policies; and highlight challenges and areas that require more in-depth analysis. At independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, the Russian health system inherited an extensive, centralized Semashko system, but was quick to reform health financing by adopting a mandatory health insurance (MHI) model in 1993. MHI was introduced in order to open up an earmarked stream of funding for health care in the face of severe fiscal constraints. While the health system has evolved and changed significantly since the early 1990 s, the legacy of having been a highly centralized system focused on universal access to basic care remains. High energy prices on world markets have ensured greater macroeconomic stability, a budget surplus and improvements in living standards for most of the Russian population. However, despite an overall reduction in the poverty rate, there is a marked urban rural split and rural populations have worse health and poorer access to health services than urban populations. The increase in budgetary resources available to policy-makers have led to a number of recent federal-level health programmes that have focused on the delivery of services and increasing funding for priority areas including primary care provision in rural areas. Nevertheless, public health spending in the Russian Federation remains relatively low given the resources available. However, it is also clear that, even with the current level of financing, the performance of the health system could be improved. Provider payment mechanisms are the main obstacle to improving technical efficiency in the Russian health system, as most budget funding channelled through local government is input based. For this reason, the most recent reforms as well as legislation in the pipeline seek to ensure all health care funding is channelled through a strengthened MHI system with contracts for provider payments being made using output-based measures.

Popovich L; Potapchik E; Shishkin S; Richardson E; Vacroux A; Mathivet B

2011-01-01

385

77 FR 66087 - Federal Perkins Loan Program, Federal Family Education Loan Program, and William D. Ford Federal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Family Education Loan Program, and William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program; Final...Family Education Loan Program, and William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program AGENCY...Education Loan (FFEL) program, and William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct...

2012-11-01

386

77 FR 47374 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; William D. Ford Federal...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct...as the means by which borrowers in the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct...public records. Title of Collection: William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan...

2012-08-08

387

New graduate nurse residency program: a cost-benefit analysis based on turnover and contract labor usage.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A cost-benefit analysis was conducted to assess the economic outcomes of a new graduate registered nurse (NGRN) residency program utilizing turnover rate and contract labor usage data from a multi-site health care corporation. Secondary data analysis of NGRNs (n=524) was conducted including descriptive and step-wise regression analyses. Findings indicated a new graduate residency program was associated with a decrease in the 12-month turnover rate from 36.08% to 6.41% (p<0.05) and reduction in contract labor usage from $19,099 to $5,490 per average daily census (p<0.05). These cost-benefit analyses suggest net savings between $10 and $50 per patient day when compared to traditional methods of orientation. A NGRN residency program offers a cost-effective innovative approach and should be valued as an investment as opposed to an expense.

Trepanier S; Early S; Ulrich B; Cherry B

2012-07-01

388

Integrating Teaching and Research: A New Model for Graduate Education?  

Science.gov (United States)

New models of graduate education are emerging in response to the need to prepare students for careers involving not only research but also teaching, outreach, service, and interdisciplinary work. One such model is provided by the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Graduate Teaching Fellows in K12 Education (GK12) program, which challenges universities to build educational outreach into graduate education. Thirty-three percent of the GK12 faculty advisors at Cornell University credited the fellowship with improving their advisees' research or perspectives on science, and 89 percent reported that it enhanced their advisees' teaching skills. Because Cornell fellows create and use curriculum materials related to their own specialized field of science, they gain experience integrating education with research. By implementing and evaluating student-centered teaching strategies, they also engage in the scholarship of teaching in ways that many fellows have said will carry over into their careers.

Nancy M. Trautmann (Cornell University;); Marianne Krasny (Cornell University;)

2006-06-01

389

Graduate Students’ Perspectives On The Human-Environment Relationship  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of the present study is to determine graduate students’ views on the relationship between human and the environment. TUBITAK, one of the biggest national scientific research organizations in Turkey, ran a Summer Environmental Education Program (SEEP) in Trabzon in 2004 for graduate students. 10 graduate students (six females and four males), who were from a different department and a different university, participated the present study voluntarily. The data gathered through the interview schedule were analyzed by using qualitative research procedures. The data indicated that almost all of the participants agreed that human beings were not adequately aware of their environment and have been using environmental resources by only considering their own needs. Fortunately, they have recently started to become aware of the environmental issues and take responsible behavior for sustaining the environment since they have realized the negative effects of the ruined environment on themselves.

Mehmet ERDO?AN; Ay?egül M. ÖZSOY

2007-01-01

390

Graduate Experience in Science Education: the development of a science education course for biomedical science graduate students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The University of Rochester's Graduate Experience in Science Education (GESE) course familiarizes biomedical science graduate students interested in pursuing academic career tracks with a fundamental understanding of some of the theory, principles, and concepts of science education. This one-semester elective course provides graduate students with practical teaching and communication skills to help them better relate science content to, and increase their confidence in, their own teaching abilities. The 2-h weekly sessions include an introduction to cognitive hierarchies, learning styles, and multiple intelligences; modeling and coaching some practical aspects of science education pedagogy; lesson-planning skills; an introduction to instructional methods such as case studies and problem-based learning; and use of computer-based instructional technologies. It is hoped that the early development of knowledge and skills about teaching and learning will encourage graduate students to continue their growth as educators throughout their careers. This article summarizes the GESE course and presents evidence on the effectiveness of this course in providing graduate students with information about teaching and learning that they will use throughout their careers.

Markowitz DG; DuPré MJ

2007-01-01

391

Preparation, confidence, and attitudes about chronic noncancer pain in graduate medical education.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Physicians report they feel ill-prepared to manage chronic noncancer pain (CNCP), in part because of inadequate training. Published studies and clinical observation demonstrate that trainees lack confidence and reflect negative attitudes about CNCP. Overall, there is minimal published guidance on specific specialty roles and responsibilities in CNCP management. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess resident preparation, confidence, and attitudes about CNCP across graduate medical education programs and to assess resident perception of roles and responsibilities in CNCP management. METHODS: In 2006 we surveyed residents from 13 graduate medical education programs in 3 institutions about CNCP and report quantitative and qualitative analyses of survey responses from 246 respondents. RESULTS: A total of 59% of respondents rated their medical school preparation and 36% rated their residency preparation as "fair" or "poor"; only 17% reported being "confident" or "very confident" in assessing patients with CNCP; and 30% used negative or derogatory terms (eg, manipulative, irritable, needy) to describe patients with CNCP. Respondents from postgraduate years 3-6 were more than twice as likely as postgraduate year 1 or postgraduate year 2 respondents (44% versus 21% and 20%, respectively) to use negative or derogatory terms (P ?=? .0007). Respondents were significantly more likely to report that pain specialists are "good" or "excellent" in managing CNCP compared with generalists (73% versus 6%; P < .0001). CONCLUSION: Education in pain management should begin in medical school and continue through graduate medical education, regardless of specialty. Early and sustained training interventions are needed to foster empathy in caring for patients with pain. Residency and fellowhip training should impart a clear understanding of each specialty's role and responsibilities in pain management to better foster patient-centered pain care.

Yanni LM; McKinney-Ketchum JL; Harrington SB; Huynh C; Amin Bs S; Matsuyama R; Coyne P; Johnson BA; Fagan M; Garufi-Clark L

2010-06-01

392

Factors of persistence among graduates of athletic training education programs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

CONTEXT: Previous researchers have indicated that athletic training education programs (ATEPs) appear to retain students who are motivated and well integrated into their education programs. However, no researchers have examined the factors leading to successful persistence to graduation of recent graduates from ATEPs. OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors that led students enrolled in a postprofessional education program accredited by the National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) to persist to graduation from accredited undergraduate ATEPs. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: Postprofessional education program accredited by the NATA. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen graduates (12 women, 2 men) of accredited undergraduate entry-level ATEPs who were enrolled in an NATA-accredited postprofessional education program volunteered to participate. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We conducted semistructured interviews and analyzed data through a grounded theory approach. We used open, axial, and selective coding procedures. To ensure trustworthiness, 2 independent coders analyzed the data. The researchers then negotiated over the coding categories until they reached 100% agreement. We also performed member checks and peer debriefing. RESULTS: Four themes emerged from the data. Decisions to persist to graduation from ATEPs appeared to be influenced by students' positive interactions with faculty, clinical instructors, and peers. The environment of the ATEPs also affected their persistence. Participants thought they learned much in both the clinic and the classroom, and this learning motivated them to persist. Finally, participants could see themselves practicing athletic training as a career, and this greatly influenced their eventual persistence. CONCLUSIONS: Our study gives athletic training educators insight into the reasons students persist to graduation from ATEPs. Specifically, athletic training programs should strive to develop close-knit learning communities that stress positive interactions between students and instructors. Athletic training educators also must work to present the athletic training field as exciting and dynamic.

Bowman TG; Dodge TM

2011-11-01

393

Biomass Resources for the Federal Sector  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Biomass Resources for the Federal Sector is a fact sheet that explains how biomass resources can be incorporated into the federal sector, and also how they can provide opportunities to meet federal renewable energy goals.

2005-08-01

394

Managing reality shock: Expectations versus experiences of graduate engineers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of the study is an analysis of the relationship between the work expectations and experiences of graduate engineers during their early career period. It reports on discrepancies in graduates’ expectations of the world of work and the reality of the early career stage. Conclusions include recommendations of how "reality shock" can be managed better by both organisations and individuals. Qualitative data were obtained through in-depth interviews with sixteen participants with less than five years work experience, employed in a large utility organisation in the Western Cape. Results indicate that participants experience significant incongruence between their expectations of work and work experiences.

Sarah Riordan; Suki Goodman

2007-01-01

395

Nonproliferation Graduate Fellowship Program Annual Report: Class of 2011  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Annual report for the Nonproliferation Graduate Fellowship Program (NGFP), which PNNL administers for the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). Features the Class of 2011. The NGFP is a NNSA program with a mission to cultivate future technical and policy leaders in nonproliferation and international security. Through the NGFP, outstanding graduate students with career interests in nonproliferation are appointed to program offices within the Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (DNN). During their one-year assignment, Fellows participate in programs designed to detect, prevent, and reverse the proliferation of nuclear weapons.

McMakin, Andrea H.

2012-08-20

396

Endodontics and new graduates: Part I, Practice vs training.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Surveys have demonstrated that many dentists, even the recently qualified, do not carry out endodontics using currently recommended materials and techniques. To assess the scale and nature of this finding among young graduates, a questionnaire was sent to all graduates from the mainland United Kingdom dental schools qualified for either one or four years. Widespread reduction in the number of radiographs taken and rubber dam use was found. A minority had adopted techniques and materials without published guidelines. It is suggested that alterations are required in undergraduate teaching, vocational training and the United Kingdom National Health Service remuneration system in order to improve the standard of endodontics in general practice.

Stewardson DA

2002-09-01

397

2007 Plant Metabolic Engineering Gordon Conference and Graduate Research Seminar  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Plant Metabolic Engineering is an emerging field that integrates a diverse range of disciplines including plant genetics, genomics, biochemistry, chemistry and cell biology. The Gordon-Kenan Graduate Research Seminar (GRS) in Plant Metabolic Engineering was initiated to provide a unique opportunity for future researcher leaders to present their work in this field. It also creates an environment allowing for peer-review and critical assessment of work without the intimidation usually associated with the presence of senior investigators. The GRS immediately precedes the Plant Metabolic Engineering Gordon Research Conference and will be for and by graduate students and post-docs, with the assistance of the organizers listed.

Erich Grotewold

2008-09-15

398

Stony Brook's Graduate Courses in Clear, Vivid, Conversational Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Graduate students in the sciences at Stony Brook University are taking for-credit courses to learn to communicate more effectively about science with people outside their disciplines, including public officials, the press, students, potential funders and employers, colleagues in other fields, and the general public. Five Communicating Science courses are offered; two more will be added in January, 2012. The courses are offered by the School of Journalism and developed by the Center for Communicating Science (CCS). This interdisciplinary center was founded in 2009, with the participation of Alan Alda, the actor, writer, director and longtime advocate for science, who is a Visiting Professor at Stony Brook. At the core of the program are three 1-credit (14-hour) modules that rely on experiential learning, repeated practice and immediate, interactive feedback. In Distilling Your Message, students practice speaking clearly, vividly and conversationally about their work at different levels of complexity and formality to different audiences, using storytelling techniques where appropriate. In Writing for the Public, they extend these skills into writing. In Improvisation for Scientists, the most unconventional of the courses, students play improvisational theater games to help themselves connect more directly, personally and responsively with their audiences. In their first two semesters, the courses are expected to serve about 90 students, taking a total of about 180 credits. Most of the courses have filled quickly, mixing master's and doctoral students from more than a dozen fields, including marine and atmospheric sciences. Three to six credits of Communicating Science courses are required for students in two programs, an MA in Marine Conservation and Policy and an Advanced Certificate in Health Communications. The content and methods of the courses are based largely on lessons learned from evaluations of all-day workshops that CCS has conducted for more than 250 scientists and health professionals at Stony Brook, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and UCLA. Workshop exit surveys were strongly positive. Participants gave the most favorable ratings to the most hands-on, interactive sessions, especially Improvisation for Scientists, and expressed a preference for deeper, more sustained programs of instruction. Anecdotally, participants have said that improvisation has helped them in teaching, dissertation defense, public presentation, and talking with family members. In exit surveys from all-day workshops attended by 193 participants, 80% of respondents said they felt more or much more confident of their ability to communicate, and 90% said they felt more or much more interested in communicating with the public. As CCS looks toward scaling up its efforts, its faculty is aware of the need to fully assess course outcomes, including evaluation of participants' communication efforts by naïve and expert audiences and longitudinal follow-up of students' communication activities and career paths. Our aspiration at CCS is for Stony Brook to become the first university in the nation where every science graduate student receives some training in communicating about science to the public.

Bass, E.

2011-12-01

399

Factors associated with successful matching to dermatology residency programs by reapplicants and other applicants who previously graduated from medical school.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with and not associated with successful matching and matriculation (hereinafter "matching") to dermatology residency programs for applicants who previously graduated from medical school and to distinguish which factors are within applicants' control. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Six accredited academic dermatology residency training programs in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 221 residency applicants who previously graduated from medical school and who applied through standardized electronic application to 1 or more of the participating residency training programs. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Matriculation to a dermatology residency program by August 2008 following the 2006 residency application period. RESULTS: Forty-six of 221 former medical school graduates included in this study matched to a dermatology residency program. Factors strongly associated with matching included United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 3 score; submission of letters written by dermatologists from institutions that train dermatology residents; completion of preliminary medicine internships rather than transitional or other internship types; listing of research experience; publishing of medical manuscripts; and completion of non-Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Examination dermatology fellowships. Factors not associated with increased matching included volunteer work; PhD status; sex; number of posters or presentations at dermatology conferences; quality of journal publications; and first authorship. Most successful applicants limited personal statements to 1 page and did not mention previously failing to match. The study sample represented at least 86% of such nontraditional applicants who matched in 2006. CONCLUSIONS: For candidates seeking to match into dermatology residency programs after graduating from medical school, there are factors within their control that are associated with higher rates of match success. This study provides evidence to assist mentors who counsel such candidates.

Stratman EJ; Ness RM

2011-02-01

400

Federal Fleet Program Overview (Fact Sheet)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fact sheet overview of FEMP services and assistance available to Federal fleet managers to implement alternative fuel and advanced vehicle strategies in compliance with Federal goals and requirements.

2010-06-01

 
 
 
 
401

Federal Register ICH Public Meeting  

Science.gov (United States)

Text VersionPage 1. 18848 Federal Register/Vol. 75, No. 70/Tuesday, April 13, Z010/Notices Dated: April 8, 2010. Robert Sargis, Reports Clearance Officer. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/newsevents

402

Federalism in Pakistan, Current Developments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose of this study is to elaborate the political issues and challenges faces by the federation of Pakistan during and after the Gen. Pervez Musharraf government. In this paper effort is made to discuss those issues on the biases of which politics of federalism started in the country. Pinching problems that caused disintegration to Pakistan are also discussed. Those issues are also discussed in details which are a constant threat to the “new federation of Pakistan”. Authors also focus on the 2008 elections and its consequences on Pakistan politics. All the results of this research are proved via review of the previous literature. Researchers have proved that as Pakistan has a diversified culture so federalism is best suited for its political structure. Researchers have also discussed few suggestive solutions for better bureaucracy.

Razia Musarrat; Ghulam Ali; Muhammad Salman Azhar

2012-01-01

403

Federal Register 43 FR 45077  

Science.gov (United States)

Text Version... 5. A request for comments and infor mation regarding small volume paren teral drug products (SVP) was pub lished in the FEDERAL REGISTER of ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess

404

Federal Financial Management Report, 2008.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Office of Federal Financial Management within the Office of Management and Budget has developed a Framework for Improving Financial Performance to provide direction and clarity on how the Presidents improvement goals for financial management will be m...

2008-01-01

405

Attrition of on-line graduate nursing students before and after program structural changes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study assessed attrition rates and reasons for withdrawal among on-line graduate students before and after the implementation of program structural changes in 2008. A descriptive retrospective cohort study was conducted using the academic and advising records of 853 on-line graduate nursing students enrolled between 2005 and 2010. Three student cohorts were examined: (Cohort 1) students who entered and withdrew prior to 2008, (Cohort 2) students who entered before and withdrew after 2008, and (Cohort 3) students who entered and withdrew after 2008. The proportions of student attrition from each cohort were 43% (97 out of 225 students), 19% (52 out of 277 students), and 7.4% (26 out of 351 students), respectively. Results indicated that students' attrition rates in Cohorts 2 and 3 were significantly less than Cohort 1. Supported by Alexander Astin's input-experience-output model, 2 major themes emerged as reasons for withdrawal--personal and academic. Findings from this study provided a critical view for further investigation and serve as an evaluation tool to identify trends and develop appropriate supportive interventions that facilitate positive student outcomes. Further research is warranted to investigate the effects of the program structural changes on students' attitudes and program satisfaction.

Rice J; Rojjanasrirat W; Trachsel P

2013-05-01

406

Multicultural Graduation Requirements among California's Community Colleges  

Science.gov (United States)

This examination of the current status of multicultural education among California community colleges emerged from a perspective that the inclusion of multicultural education has become a major goal of California's leaders within the past five years. The literature revealed minority students tend to have lower retention rates because they become…

Hess, Shelly L.; Uerling, Donald F.; Piland, William E.

2012-01-01

407

77 FR 16841 - Medicare Program; Solicitation for Proposals for the Medicare Graduate Nurse Education...  

Science.gov (United States)

...for Proposals for the Medicare Graduate Nurse Education Demonstration Program AGENCY...to participate in the Medicare Graduate Nurse Education (GNE) Demonstration. The primary...number of advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) in order to meet the health...

2012-03-22

408

77 FR 29647 - Medicare Program; Solicitation for Proposals for the Medicare Graduate Nurse Education...  

Science.gov (United States)

...for Proposals for the Medicare Graduate Nurse Education Demonstration--Deadline Extension...to participate in the Medicare Graduate Nurse Education (GNE) Demonstration. DATES...to provide advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) students with qualified...

2012-05-18

409

The Measures for China’s University Students Applying Social Capital to Graduate Employment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper tries to use the social capital theory to make some researches on graduate employment, in the hope of giving helpful countermeasures and suggestions for graduate employment.

Huanshuang Di

2011-01-01

410

How Should the Graduate Economics Core Be Changed?  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors present suggestions by graduate students from a range of economics departments for improving the first-year core sequence in economics. The students identified a number of elements that should be added to the core: more training in building microeconomic models, a discussion of the methodological foundations of model-building, more…

Abito, Jose Miguel; Borovickova, Katarina; Golden, Hays; Goldin, Jacob; Masten, Matthew A.; Morin, Miguel; Poirier, Alexandre; Pons, Vincent; Romem, Israel; Williams, Tyler; Yoon, Chamna

2011-01-01

411

Information Science Courses and the Graduate Job Context in Spain  

Science.gov (United States)

|This paper supports the appropriateness of the objectives of the Librarianship and Information Science (LIS) graduate university studies system in Spain. It identifies formulas to allow the construction of innovative study plans which are attractive within the information society. LIS university studies started in Spain in the 1990s although…

Chain-Navarro, Celia; Munoz-Canavate, Antonio

2009-01-01

412

Ice Cream Seminars for Graduate Students: Imparting Chemical Information Literacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides information on a chemical information literacy program designed primarily for new graduate students. The full implementation of this program is discussed, including defining its purpose, topics covered, content presented, methods of marketing, and evaluation. The result is a series of voluntary seminars given biweekly…

Garritano, Jeremy R.

2007-01-01

413

Graduate Social Work Students' Attitudes toward Service-Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

Service-learning attitudes among graduate social work students enrolled in a course on human diversity and oppression are presented. A survey was administered at the beginning and at the end of the semester to students enrolled in the course, which was taught using a service-learning approach. Among the results were believing that service-learning…

Maccio, Elaine M.

2011-01-01

414

Scholarly use of information: graduate students' information seeking behaviour  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. This study explored graduate students' information behaviour related to their process of inquiry and scholarly activities. Method. In depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with one hundred graduate students representing all disciplines and departments from Carnegie Mellon University. Analysis. Working in pairs, we coded transcripts of interviews into meaningful categories using ATLAS.ti software. The combined use of quantitative and qualitative analysis aimed to reduce subjectivity. Results. Graduate students often begin with a meeting with professors who provide direction, recommend and provide resources. Other students help to shape graduate students' research activities, and university library personnel provide guidance in finding resources. The Internet plays a major role, although students continue to use print resources. Convenience, lack of sophistication in finding and using resources and course requirements affect their information behaviour. Findings vary across disciplines and between programmes. Conclusion. Libraries can influence students' information behaviour by re-evaluating their instructional programmes and provision of resources and services. They can take a lead by working with academic staff to guide students.

C. George; A. Bright; T. Hurlbert; E.C. Linke; G. St. Clair; J. Stein

2006-01-01

415

Thinking Styles: Teaching and Learning Styles in Graduate Education Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the relationship between two intellectual styles approaches: Sternberg's thinking styles of teachers and Felder and Silverman's learning styles. Ninety-five graduate students majoring in special education, reading, educational leadership and curriculum, and elementary education completed the Thinking Styles in Teaching…

Clarke, Tricia A.; Lesh, Jennifer J.; Trocchio, Jennie S.; Wolman, Clara

2010-01-01

416

Selection Factors among International Medical Graduates and Psychiatric Residency Performance  

Science.gov (United States)

|Objective: The authors examine the association between the selection factors used in a psychiatric residency program and subsequent clinical and academic performance among international medical graduate (IMG) candidates. Methods: The authors completed a retrospective review of application files and residency evaluations of 50 IMG residents who…

Shiroma, Paulo R.; Alarcon, Renato D.

2010-01-01

417

Student Satisfaction and Graduate Part-Time Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The Advanced Academic Programs (AAP) of the Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) enrolls approximately 2,700 part-time graduate students across three physical locations. It is a complex organization whose target audience is a sophisticated consumer of higher education. With the support of Eduventures, AAP…

Moore, Monica Moody

2011-01-01