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THE IMPORTANCE OF PATERNAL INVOLVEMENT DURING PRENATAL CARE: PERCEPTION OF THE MOTHER AND FATHER IN THE CITY OF CACERES – MT.  

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Full Text Available In society, pregnancy has always been treated as a uniquely female experience, however, it is observed that the concepts and functions predetermined for men and women in the family are in full transformation. Describe the importance of parental involvement in monitoring prenatal vision of father and pregnant. This is a descriptive and quantitative study. The research had as reference Strategies Family Health Cáceres - MT. Participants were 30 pregnant women and their companions. When asked whether women talked to his companions about the importance of paternal participation in prenatal care, 67% of women answered yes and 33% did not talk. It is important to note that prenatal quality is achieved through pipelines necessary for pregnant women and hospitable. Geared this progress is the father figure who demonstrates an interest in participating, however, the work prevent them from contributing effectively.

Taíse Neves Ferreira

2014-05-01

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Involving Fathers in Psychological Services for Children  

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This paper is a commentary of the special series on involving fathers in psychological services for children. The following themes are addressed: the effects of fathers on child development; benefits of father involvement in child psychology services; obstacles to father involvement; engaging fathers; specific interventions for fathers; and…

Carr, Alan

2006-01-01

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Fathers' involvement in their children's healthcare.  

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Fathers' involvement in the routine healthcare of young children was investigated, and fathers' relative participation in two tasks, staying home with a sick child and taking the child to the doctor or dentist, was assessed. The relationships between fathers' involvement in healthcare and several other measures, including mothers' employment status, fathers' attitudes toward women's rights and roles, the amount of time fathers spent at work, and fathers' involvement in housework, were also examined. The subjects were 50 fathers of young children in intact, White, middle-class families. Both staying home with a sick child and taking a child to the doctor or dentist were usually performed by mothers, but when mothers were employed, fathers were significantly more involved, regardless of the child's sex. Staying home with a sick child and taking a child to the doctor or dentist were positively related to fathers' involvement in housework. Fathers' staying home with a sick child was significantly correlated with fewer hours at work and liberal attitudes toward women's rights and roles; these variables were not related to taking a child to the doctor or dentist. Positive correlations between fathers' involvement in housework and staying home with a sick child and taking a child to the doctor or dentist suggests that fathers' involvement in childcare is viewed as an aspect of family work. PMID:1797979

Bailey, W T

1991-09-01

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Father Involvement among Malay Muslims in Malaysia  

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This article reports on findings from a study of 989 fathers of school-going children aged 10 through 16 from intact families in rural and urban areas in Selangor, Malaysia. The study aims to explore the factors that affect father involvement among Malay Muslims. Results indicate that fathers' education, marital quality, and number of…

Juhari, Rumaya; Yaacob, Siti Nor; Talib, Mansor Abu

2013-01-01

5

Fathers' Involvement in Child Care and Perceptions of Parenting Skill over the Transition to Parenthood  

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This study explored first-time fathers' perceived child care skill over the transition to parenthood, based on face-to-face interviews of 152 working-class, dual-earner couples. Analyses examined the associations among fathers' perceived skill and prenatal perception of skill, child care involvement, mothers' breastfeeding, maternal gatekeeping,…

Barry, Amy A.; Smith, JuliAnna Z.; Deutsch, Francine M.; Perry-Jenkins, Maureen

2011-01-01

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Paternal Identity, Maternal Gatekeeping, and Father Involvement  

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The purpose of this study was to examine whether mothers' beliefs about the role of the father may contribute to mothers influencing the quantity of father involvement in their children's lives. Participants were 30 two-parent families with children between the ages of 2 and 3 years. A combination of self-report and interview data were collected…

McBride, Brent A.; Brown, Geoffrey L.; Bost, Kelly K.; Shin, Nana; Vaughn, Brian; Korth, Byran

2005-01-01

7

Low-income, nonresident father involvement with their toddlers: variation by fathers' race and ethnicity.  

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Using data from a racially and ethnically diverse sample of low-income mothers of 2-year-old children participating in the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project (N = 883), the authors examined fathers' education and employment, mother-father relationship, and mothers' relationships with kin in the household to explain variation in nonresident father involvement across racial and ethnic groups. Nonresident White fathers were less involved with their children than were African American and Latino fathers. This difference was explained by the status of mother-father relationships. White nonresident fathers were less likely than minority nonresident fathers to maintain romantic relationships with their child's mother. Mothers in the White father group were also more likely to re-partner, which negatively related to biological fathers' involvement. These findings suggest that approaches to strengthen nonresident father involvement in children's lives need to consider how father ethnicity and mother-father relations are associated with differential patterns of father involvement. PMID:18729678

Cabrera, Natasha J; Ryan, Rebecca M; Mitchell, Stephanie J; Shannon, Jacqueline D; Tamis-Lemonda, Catherine S

2008-08-01

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Modelling the fathering role: Experience in the family of origin and father involvement  

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Full Text Available The study presented in this paper deals with the effects of experiences with father in the family of origin on the fathering role in the family of procreation. The results of the studies so far point to great importance of such experiences in parental role modelling, while recent approaches have suggested the concept of introjected notion or an internal working model of the fathering role as the way to operationalise the transgenerational transfer. The study included 247 two-parent couple families whose oldest child attended preschool education. Fathers provided information on self-assessed involvement via the Inventory of father involvement, while both fathers and mothers gave information on introjected experiences from the family of origin via the inventory Presence of the father in the family of origin. It was shown that father’s experiences from the family of origin had significant direct effects on his involvement in child-care. Very important experiences were those of negative emotional exchange, physical closeness and availability of the father, as well as beliefs about the importance of the father as a parent. Although maternal experiences from the family of origin did not contribute significantly to father involvement, shared beliefs about father’s importance as a parent in the parenting alliance had an effect on greater involvement in child-care. The data provide confirmation of the hypotheses on modelling of the fathering role, but also open the issue of the factor of intergenerational maintenance of traditional forms of father involvement in families in Serbia.

Mihi? Ivana

2012-01-01

9

The Relationship between Academic Stress and Two Aspects of Father Involvement among University Student Fathers  

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This study investigated the associations between academic stress experienced by university student fathers and the behavioral and cognitive involvement these fathers had with their children. Fifty-three fathers enrolled in university classes and residing with at least one child less than 12 years of age responded to questionnaire measures of…

Masciadrelli, Brian P.; Milardo, Robert M.

2008-01-01

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Resident Black Fathers' Involvement: A Comparative Analysis of Married and Unwed, Cohabitating Fathers  

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Increasing fathers' involvement with their children has become a priority in recent years. Marriage promotion programs have been offered as the primary vehicles for increasing paternal involvement. Although marriage is likely to provide fathers with increased access and opportunity for paternal involvement, much less is known about the ways in…

Perry, Armon R.; Harmon, Dana K.; Leeper, James

2012-01-01

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Understanding fatherhood in Greece: father's involvement in child care  

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Full Text Available The present study aims to depict a picture of Greek fathers concerning their involvement in family and child-centered tasks over the first year of the child. Eighty fathers from rural areas with low educational and occupational status and eighty fathers from urban districts with high educational and occupational status were asked to talk about their own perceptions of fatherhood and also their participation into two parenting commitments: (a preparations before and after the birth of the child and (b involvement in play with the child and a variety of daily child-care tasks. The results show that fathers in urban regions were more involved in these activities than their counterparts in rural areas. All fathers valued fatherhood as a pleasant experience. Many fathers, however, stated that child-rearing responsibilities cause them a lot of psychological strain. The results are discussed in relation to the division of roles between spouses in Greek families.

Maridaki-Kassotaki Katerina

2000-01-01

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Father Beliefs as a Mediator between Contextual Barriers and Father Involvement  

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Fathers' beliefs were examined as mediators between multiple risk factors and involvement practices with children age zero to five enrolled in Head Start or Early Head Start. A diverse sample of 101 fathers, living in rural Midwestern communities of the USA completed questionnaires assessing "mediators" (i.e. parenting efficacy, role beliefs, and…

Freeman, Harry; Newland, Lisa A.; Coyl, Diana D.

2008-01-01

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Father Involvement and Student Achievement: Variations Based on Demographic Contexts  

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The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine the relationship between father involvement in school settings and student achievement. The sample, pulled from the first and second waves of the PSID-CDS data set, consisted of 596 families with children aged 5-12 at time 1. Results revealed variations in the relationship between father

McBride, Brent A.; Dyer, W. Justin; Laxman, Daniel J.

2013-01-01

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Why Could Father Involvement Benefit Children? Theoretical Perspectives  

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Four theoretical perspectives about why father involvement could have positive consequences for child development are briefly reviewed: attachment theory, social capital theory, Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory, and "essential father" theory. Strengths and weaknesses of each perspective are discussed, and the prospects for an integrated…

Pleck, Joseph H.

2007-01-01

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Father by law: effects of joint legal custody on nonresident fathers' involvement with children.  

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Family membership and household composition do not always coincide. Joint legal custody after divorce formalizes the relationship between fathers and children who live apart. Policymakers hope that explicit acknowledgment of nonresident fathers' rights and responsibilities will increase their involvement with their children. I use prospective data from the National Survey of Families and Households to examine the association between joint legal custody and two aspects of nonresident fathers' contributions to their children--the frequency of visits between fathers and children and child-support payments. The analysis examines approximately 160 families in which parents divorced between interviews conducted for Wave 1 (1987-1988) and Wave 2 (1992-1994) of the survey. I investigate the effects of joint legal custody holding constant physical custody or replacement by restricting the analysis to children who live with their mothers most of the year. Controlling for socioeconomic status and the quality of family relationships before separation, fathers with joint legal custody see their children more frequently and have more overnight visits than do other fathers. The positive effect of joint legal custody on frequency of visits persists once unobserved differences among families are taken into account. Although fathers with joint legal custody pay more child support than those without joint legal custody, this difference lacks statistical significance when other family characteristics are taken into account. These findings support the view that joint legal custody may encourage some aspects of paternal involvement after divorce. PMID:9622777

Seltzer, J A

1998-05-01

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Adolescent Mothers' Perceptions of Fathers' Parental Involvement: Satisfaction and Desire for Involvement  

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Grounded in family systems and ecological theories, this study examined teenage mothers' perceptions of fathers' parental involvement and the role of teenage mothers' gatekeeping beliefs. Fathers' involvement was perceived to be greater when teenage parents were romantically involved (n = 55). When they no longer shared a romantic relationship (n…

Herzog, Melissa J.; Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.; Madden-Derdich, Debra A.; Leonard, Stacie A.

2007-01-01

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Fathers' Involvement in Preschool Programs for Children with and without Hearing Loss  

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The authors compared the involvement in children's development and education of 38 fathers of preschoolers with hearing loss to the involvement of a matched group of 36 fathers of preschoolers with normal hearing, examining correlations between child, father, and family characteristics. Fathers completed self-reports regarding their parental…

Ingber, Sara; Most, Tova

2012-01-01

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Father involvement: Identifying and predicting family members' shared and unique perceptions.  

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Father involvement research has typically not recognized that reports of involvement contain at least two components: 1 reflecting a view of father involvement that is broadly recognized in the family, and another reflecting each reporter's unique perceptions. Using a longitudinal sample of 302 families, this study provides a first examination of shared and unique views of father involvement (engagement and warmth) from the perspectives of fathers, children, and mothers. This study also identifies influences on these shared and unique perspectives. Father involvement reports were obtained when the child was 12 and 14 years old. Mother reports overlapped more with the shared view than father or child reports. This suggests the mother's view may be more in line with broadly recognized father involvement. Regarding antecedents, for fathers' unique view, a compensatory model partially explains results; that is, negative aspects of family life were positively associated with fathers' unique view. Children's unique view of engagement may partially reflect a sentiment override with father antisocial behaviors being predictive. Mothers' unique view of engagement was predicted by father and mother work hours and her unique view of warmth was predicted by depression and maternal gatekeeping. Taken, together finding suggests a far more nuanced view of father involvement should be considered. PMID:25000130

Dyer, W Justin; Day, Randal D; Harper, James M

2014-08-01

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Nonresidential father involvement: a test of a mid-range theory.  

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This study tested a theoretical model of postdivorce involvement of nonresidential fathers with their children. The hypotheses were (a) that postdivorce father involvement is related to father parenting role identity, role clarity, child relationship quality, and father role hierarchy ranking; and (b) that several variables serve as moderators for the relationship between father parenting role identity and father involvement. Data were collected via self-report questionnaires administered to 101 fathers. Path analytic techniques were used to assess the theoretical model. Findings supported the hypotheses related to the core constructs within the theory, but not for the moderator variables within the study. Role clarity and child relationship quality were found to have both direct and indirect effects on father involvement. Father parenting role identity had a direct effect on father involvement but also functioned as a meditating variable for constructs within the model. Significant paths were found for two variables, joint custody and satisfaction with the legal system. Father postdivorce involvement is a complex phenomenon, and forces external to fathers can contribute to levels of postdivorce involvement (e.g., legal system issues). PMID:9729838

Stone, G; McKenry, P

1998-09-01

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Walking a high beam: the balance between employment stability, workplace flexibility, and nonresident father involvement.  

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Compared with resident fathers, nonresident fathers are more likely to be unemployed or underemployed and less likely, when they are employed, to have access to flexible work arrangements. Although lack of employment stability is associated with lower levels of father involvement, some research shows that increased stability at work without increased flexibility is negatively related to involvement. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 895), the authors examined the relationship between nonresident fathers' employment stability, workplace flexibility, and father involvement. Results indicate that workplace flexibility, but not employment stability, is associated with higher levels of involvement. Policy and practice implications are discussed. PMID:21862567

Castillo, Jason T; Welch, Greg W; Sarver, Christian M

2012-03-01

 
 
 
 
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Single Custodial Fathers' Involvement and Parenting: Implications for Outcomes in Emerging Adulthood  

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Using a sample of 3,977 youths from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97), this study examines the unique characteristics of single-custodial-father families with adolescents and the effects of single fathers' involvement and parenting on outcomes in emerging adulthood. Findings suggest that single-custodial-father families are…

Bronte-Tinkew, Jacinta; Scott, Mindy E.; Lilja, Emily

2010-01-01

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Salvadoran fathers' attendance at prenatal care, delivery, and postpartum care / La presencia de los padres salvadoreños durante la atención prenatal, el parto y la atención posparto  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Proporcionar información de base acerca de la frecuencia con la cual los hombres salvadoreños acuden a la atención prenatal, al parto y a la atención del bebé sano después del parto, así como acerca de los factores sociodemográficos que se asocian con su asistencia a esas actividades, a fi [...] n de orientar acciones encaminadas a ayudar a los hombres a participar de una forma más útil en la salud maternoinfantil. MÉTODOS: Los datos, que se obtuvieron de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud Masculina de 2003 (ENSM-03) de El Salvador, se centran en los padres (n = 418) y en el hijo más joven que haya nacido vivo durante los cinco años anteriores a la encuesta. Mediante modelos de regresión logística y multinomial se exploraron factores asociados con la presencia de los padres en las consultas prenatales, en el parto y en las consultas para la atención del neonato sano. RESULTADOS: Noventa por ciento de los padres salvadoreños que fueron encuestados participaron en una consulta prenatal, asistieron al parto o estuvieron en una consulta para la atención del bebé sano; 34% de ellos participaron en las tres actividades. Lo más frecuente fue la asistencia al parto, notificada por 81% de los padres, y la razón dada con mayor frecuencia para no haber asistido fue la necesidad de ir a trabajar. CONCLUSIONES: La gran mayoría de los padres salvadoreños habían estado en por lo menos una consulta prenatal, en el parto o en una consulta para la atención del bebé sano. Aunque la participación en estas actividades no necesariamente significa que los cónyuges les estén dando a sus parejas el apoyo debido, los resultados parecieran indicar que ya están sentadas ciertas normas para que los hombres puedan desempeñar un papel positivo en el área de la salud maternoinfantil. Además, la participación de los padres en estas actividades relacionadas con la atención de madre e hijo podría ofrecer nuevas oportunidades para educar a los hombres y darles más apoyo en el cuidado de su propia salud y la de su familia. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To provide a baseline perspective on the prevalence of Salvadoran men's attendance at prenatal care, delivery, and postpartum well-baby care and on sociodemographic factors associated with their attendance, with the goal of informing efforts to help men play more positive roles in materna [...] l-child health. METHODS: The data came from the 2003 Salvadoran National Male Health Survey. The data focused on fathers (n = 418) and their most recent live-born child in the preceding five years. Factors associated with the fathers' participation in prenatal care visits, attendance at delivery, and participation in postnatal well-baby visits were explored using logistic and multinomial regression models. RESULTS: Ninety percent of the recent Salvadoran fathers who were surveyed participated in a prenatal care visit, attended the delivery, or participated in a postpartum well-baby care visit; 34% participated in all three of the activities. Attendance at delivery was most common, reported by 81% of fathers; the most common reason that subjects cited for not attending was that they had had to work. CONCLUSIONS: A large majority of the Salvadoran fathers participated in at least one prenatal care visit, delivery, or a postpartum well-baby care visit. While attendance alone does not necessarily indicate that men are supporting their partners, the results suggest that norms are in place for men to play positive roles in maternal-child health matters. Furthermore, the participation of fathers in these maternal and child health care activities may provide new opportunities to educate and further support men in both their own health and their family's health.

Marion W., Carter; Ilene, Speizer.

2005-09-01

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THE EFFECTS OF FATHER INVOLVEMENT TRAINING ON FAMILY FUNCTIONING AND ADOLESCENTS’ PEER RELATION  

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Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was twofold: (a to design and determine the effect of Father Involvement Training (FIT, which is based on social-cognitive theory principles, on family functioning in father-adolescent relationships, and (b to examine the effect of Father Involvement Training (FIT on the quality of the peer relationships of 9th grade high school students, whose fathers participated in the study. The sample was composed of twenty- six 9th grade students’ fathers. The 2x3 experimental design examined pre-training, post-training and six-month follow-up measurements of an experimental group and control group. Data were collected through Parent Success Indicator (PSI, Parent Adolescent Relationship Scale (PARS and Peer Relationship Scale (PRS. Data were analyzed by employing Mann Whitney U Test, Friedman Test, and Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test. The results revealed that the Father Involvement Training had significant effects on the father-child relationship and family functioning of experimental group’s fathers. The adolescents, whose fathers participated in the experimental group, had improved in close-relationship and sensitivity dimensions at the end of the study. However, the improvements were not maintained after the six months follow-up measurements. Lastly, there was a significant improvement in the trust and identification dimension of peer relationship levels of children whose fathers received the training compared to children whose fathers did not receive the training.

Ercan KOCAYÖRÜK

2009-01-01

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Involvement by Young, Unmarried Fathers before and after Their Baby's Birth  

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Little is known about the extent to which young fathers (age 22 and under) are involved with their children over time. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national study on children born to unmarried parents, father's involvement with their child approximately one year after the birth is examined. This research…

Carlson, Marcia J.

2004-01-01

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Parental Depression, Relationship Quality, and Nonresident Father Involvement with Their Infants  

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The role of depression in nonresident fathers' involvement with their infant children is poorly understood. A three-factor model of father involvement was evaluated, and its association with parental relationship quality and depressive symptoms in both parents were tested. Data on 569 families from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study were used.…

Paulson, James F.; Dauber, Sarah E.; Leiferman, Jenn A.

2011-01-01

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Fathers’ emotional involvement with the neonate: impact of the umbilical cord cutting experience  

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Abstract Aims. This paper is a report on a study analysing the effect of the umbilical cord cutting experience on fathers’ emotional involvement with their infants. Background. Participation in childbirth offers an opportunity for father and mother to share the childbirth experience, so it is vital that midwives improve the fathers’ participation in this event. Design. A quasi-experimental study with a quantitative methodology was implemented. Methods. One hundred ...

Branda?o, S.; Figueiredo, B.

2012-01-01

27

Hispanic Fathers and Risk for Maltreatment in Father-Involved Families of Young Children  

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The Hispanic population is the fastest growing segment of U.S. population. However, risks for child maltreatment in the foreign-born and native-born Hispanic populations are largely understudied. To address this knowledge gap, we explore the association of sociodemographic factors, psychosocial parenting factors, and nativity status with Hispanic fathers’ aggression toward their young children (3 to 5 years). Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study and the follow-up In-Home Lon...

Lee, Shawna J.; Altschul, Inna; Shair, Sarah R.; Taylor, Catherine A.

2011-01-01

28

Perceptions and Satisfaction with Father Involvement and Adolescent Mothers' Postpartum Depressive Symptoms  

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This study examined the associations between adolescent mothers' postpartum depressive symptoms and their perceptions of amount of father care giving and satisfaction with father involvement with the baby. The sample included 100 adolescent mothers (ages 13-19; mainly African-American and Latina) whose partners were recruited for a randomized…

Fagan, Jay; Lee, Yookyong

2010-01-01

29

Work Environment and Japanese Fathers' Involvement in Child Care  

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Previous studies mainly examined individual and family factors affecting Japanese fathers' involvement in child care. Along with these factors, we examine how work-related factors such as father-friendly environment at work, workplace's accommodation of parental needs, job stress, and autonomy are associated with Japanese men's…

Ishii-Kuntz, Masako

2013-01-01

30

Fathers' Involvement in Housework and Child Care with School-Aged Daughters.  

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Examined patterns and correlates of fathers' involvement in household chores and child care in 40 upper-middle class families. Although fathers spent significant time in child care and did perform a number of child-care tasks and household chores, the traditional pattern still held sway to some degree. (Author/ABB)

Levant, Ronald F.; And Others

1987-01-01

31

Father involvement and self-reported parenting of children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder.  

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This study examined the moderating effects of 4 variables on the relation between father involvement (FI) and self-reported parenting practices of 71 couples who have children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The variables were parents' love for their spouses, similarity in child-rearing views, traditional role identification, and paternal ADHD symptoms. These variables interacted with FI in predicting parenting practices. FI was associated with fathers' use of more effective discipline when fathers had no ADHD symptoms and reported more love for their wives but was associated with fathers' use of less effective discipline when fathers reported having ADHD symptoms, when they reported less love for their wives, and when they identified highly with traditional roles. For mothers, FI was associated with less effective discipline practices when couples' child-rearing views were dissimilar. PMID:9086700

Arnold, E H; O'Leary, S G; Edwards, G H

1997-04-01

32

Effects of maternal gate-keeping behavior on father involvement in care of a pre-school child  

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The research so far indicates that the context in which the father’s role takes place significantly influences the form and level of father involvement in taking care of the child. The primary goal of this research was to describe the forms and effects of maternal gate-keeping behavior as a characteristic form of interaction between parents which is, as part of the context, considered a significant factor in father involvement in care of the child. Research participants were 247 paren...

Mihi? Ivana

2010-01-01

33

Improving prenatal health: setting the agenda for increased male involvement.  

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The U.S. infant mortality rate is among the highest in the developed world, with recent vital statistics reports estimating 6.14 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Traditional health education and promotion to improve maternal, infant, and child health in the United States has focused only on women, leaving men out of important health messages that may affect pregnancy outcomes as well as family well-being. Recently, public health scholars have suggested that men be included in prenatal health education in an effort to improve birth outcomes and reduce infant mortality. Incorporating men in prenatal health promotion and education has been found to improve overall birth preparedness, reduce the risk of maternal-infant HIV transmission, and reduce perinatal mortality in less-developed nations. Although these results are positive, research on paternal impact in pregnancy outcomes in the United States to date is lacking. This article proposes a U.S.-specific research agenda to understand the current role of men in pregnancy health, as well as actual involvement, barriers, and the influence men can have in prenatal health. A discussion of culture, individual motivations, health care providers, and social marketing is also considered. PMID:23727791

Guadagno, Marie; Mackert, Michael; Rochlen, Aaron

2013-11-01

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Are Mothers Really "Gatekeepers" of Children?: Rural Mothers' Perceptions of Nonresident Fathers' Involvement in Low-Income Families  

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Guided by symbolic interactionism, this qualitative study based on interviews with 83 rural mothers investigated mothers' perceptions of nonresident fathers' involvement in low-income families. Contrary to some fathers' claims that mothers "gatekeep" their access to children, the majority of mothers in our study wanted increased father

Sano, Yoshie; Richards, Leslie N.; Zvonkovic, Anisa M.

2008-01-01

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Perceptions of Father Involvement Patterns in Teenage-Mother Families: Predictors and Links to Mothers' Psychological Adjustment  

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Based on adolescent mothers' reports, longitudinal patterns of involvement of young, unmarried biological fathers (n=77) in teenage-mother families using cluster analytic techniques were examined. Approximately one third of fathers maintained high levels of involvement over time, another third demonstrated low involvement at both time points, and…

Kalil, Ariel; Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M.; Coley, Rebekah Levine

2005-01-01

36

The Differential Impact of Early Father and Mother Involvement on Later Student Achievement  

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The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of early parenting on later parental school involvement and student achievement. The sample, pulled from the first and second waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics – Child Development Supplement data set, consisted of 390 children ages 2–5 at time 1 and their families. Fathers’ and mothers’ participation in five dimensions of early parenting behaviors were assessed at time 1, while later parental school involvement and student achievement were assessed at time 2. Although early paternal and maternal parenting behaviors were not directly related to later student achievement, differences were revealed in the pattern of relationships between early parenting and later parental school involvement for fathers and mothers. In addition, fathers’ later school involvement was found to be negatively related to student achievement while maternal school involvement was found to be positively related to student achievement. These findings provide partial support for the hypothesized differential relationship between fathers’ and mothers’ early parenting and later student achievement.

McBride, Brent A.; Dyer, W. Justin; Liu, Ying; Brown, Geoffrey L.; Hong, Sungjin

2014-01-01

37

Father Residency and Symptoms of ADHD: Adult Male Involvement as a Mediator  

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The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association between fathers' involvement and the presence of later symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. A community-based, nationally representative sample of children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort was utilised. Using a…

Barnard-Brak, Lucy; To, Yen M.; Davis, Tonya N.; Thomson, David

2011-01-01

38

Doing the Scut Work of Infant Care: Does Religiousness Encourage Father Involvement?  

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Considerable debate exists regarding whether religiousness promotes or impedes greater father involvement in parenting. Our study addresses this issue using a Midwestern longitudinal data set that tracks the transition to first parenthood for 169 married couples. We focus on performance of the "messier" tasks of infant care. We find little…

DeMaris, Alfred; Mahoney, Annette; Pargament, Kenneth I.

2011-01-01

39

Distinguishing the Influences of Father's and Mother's Involvement on Adolescent Academic Achievement: Analyses of Taiwan Education Panel Survey Data  

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Using a sample drawn from Taiwan, this study evaluated the role of mother and father involvement in adolescent academic achievement. The participants were drawn from the Taiwan Education Panel Survey (TEPS) and consisted of 8,108 adolescents who studied seventh grade in 2001. Father and mother involvement related to academic achievement was…

Hsu, Hsien-Yuan; Zhang, Dalun; Kwok, Oi-Man; Li, Yan; Ju, Song

2011-01-01

40

Effects of maternal gate-keeping behavior on father involvement in care of a pre-school child  

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Full Text Available The research so far indicates that the context in which the father’s role takes place significantly influences the form and level of father involvement in taking care of the child. The primary goal of this research was to describe the forms and effects of maternal gate-keeping behavior as a characteristic form of interaction between parents which is, as part of the context, considered a significant factor in father involvement in care of the child. Research participants were 247 parental couples from complete families whose oldest child attended a pre-school institution. Fathers provided assessments of their own involvement via the Father Involvement Inventory, as well as assessments of prominence of gate-keeping behavior in their wives via the checklist of maternal gate-keeping behavior. Mothers reported on their beliefs about the importance and possibilities of father involvement in care of the child, as well as on their personal satisfaction with the current involvement of their husband in the joint care of the child. The results point out to the particular forms of mothers’ ambivalence when it comes to the joint care of the child, which is a form of gate-keeping behavior. The frequency of gate-keeping behavior, assessed by the checklist, significantly changes the possibilities of father involvement in taking care of the child in the developmental phase of the family, having in mind that the task of this phase is precisely the definition of parental roles and formation of parent cooperative principle.

Mihi? Ivana

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Is the growth of the child of a smoking mother influenced by the father's prenatal exposure to tobacco? A hypothesis generating longitudinal study  

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Objectives Transgenerational effects of different environmental exposures are of major interest, with rodent experiments focusing on epigenetic mechanisms. Previously, we have shown that if the study mother is a non-smoker, there is increased mean birth weight, length and body mass index (BMI) in her sons if she herself had been exposed prenatally to her mother's smoking. The aim of this study was to determine whether the prenatal smoke exposure of either parent influenced the growth of the fetus of a smoking woman, and whether any effects were dependent on the fetal sex. Design Population-based prebirth cohort study. Setting Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Participants Participants were residents of a geographic area with expected date of delivery between April 1991 and December 1992. Among pregnancies of mothers who smoked during pregnancy, data were available concerning maternal and paternal prenatal exposures to their own mother smoking for 3502 and 2354, respectively. Primary and secondary outcome measures Birth weight, length, BMI and head circumference. Results After controlling for confounders, there were no associations with birth weight, length or BMI. There was a strong adjusted association of birth head circumference among boys whose fathers had been exposed prenatally (mean difference ?0.35?cm; 95% CI ?0.57 to ?0.14; p=0.001). There was no such association with girls (interaction p=0.006). Similar associations were found when primiparae and multiparae were analysed separately. In order to determine whether this was reflected in child development, we examined the relationships with IQ; we found that the boys born to exposed fathers had lower IQ scores on average, and that this was particularly due to the verbal component (mean difference in verbal IQ ?3.65 points; 95% CI ?6.60 to ?0.70). Conclusions Head size differences concerning paternal fetal exposure to smoking were unexpected and, as such, should be regarded as hypothesis generating. PMID:25015471

Pembrey, Marcus; Northstone, Kate; Gregory, Steven; Miller, Laura L; Golding, Jean

2014-01-01

42

Mothers' and fathers' involvement with school-age children's care and academic activities in Navajo Indian families.  

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This exploratory study examined mothers' and fathers' reports of time involvement in their school-age children's care and academic activities. The study also explored the relationship between parents' socioeconomic status (SES) variables (age, education, income, work hours, and length of marriage) and their relative involvement with children. Mother and father dyads from 34 two-parent Navajo (Diné) Indian families with a second- or third-grade child participated in the study. Repeated measures analysis of variance showed that mothers invested significantly more time in children's care on demand and academic activities than fathers, but the differences in maternal and paternal perceptions of time involvement in routine care were not significant. The gender of the child did not influence the amount of time parents invested in children's care and academic activities. Mothers' involvement with children was not related to any of the SES variables. Fathers' involvement was significantly associated with work hours and length of marriage, and work hours produced significant interaction with fathers' involvement with children. Findings are discussed in light of gender role differences in parental involvement with children within Navajo families. PMID:18426283

Hossain, Ziarat; Anziano, Michael C

2008-04-01

43

Examining the Relations of Infant Temperament and Couples' Marital Satisfaction to Mother and Father Involvement: A Longitudinal Study.  

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The relations of infant temperament and parents' marital satisfaction to mother and father involvement in early (T1, approximately 7 months, n = 142) and later (T2, approximately 14 months, n = 95) infancy were examined. At each assessment point, mothers and fathers completed daily diaries together to measure their involvement over four days (i.e., 2 weekdays and 2 weekend days), each partner reported on marital satisfaction, and mothers reported on infants' temperament. Structural equation models indicated that when infants were more temperamentally regulated, parents were more satisfied in their marital relationships. Parents' marital satisfaction mediated the association between more regulated infant temperament and greater mother involvement at T1 (but not at T2) and father involvement at T2 (but not at T1). The findings are discussed in terms of the implications of infant temperament and family relationships for parental involvement. PMID:20221413

Mehall, Karissa Greving; Spinrad, Tracy L; Eisenberg, Nancy; Gaertner, Bridget M

2009-01-01

44

Adjustment to new parenthood: attenders versus nonattenders at prenatal education classes.  

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This longitudinal descriptive study compared the adjustment to new parenthood in two groups of first-time mothers and fathers. Participants included 106 married couples, 58 (55%) who attended prenatal childbirth education classes and 48 (45%) who did not. The study variables included prenatal, intrapartal, and new parent experiences. All mothers and fathers completed questionnaires during the last trimester of pregnancy and one month after delivery of a healthy newborn. Fathers were present during labor and birth regardless of prenatal class attendance. The groups differed in maternal age and in maternal and paternal education levels, but did not differ in measures of prenatal attachment, paternal childbirth involvement, childbirth satisfaction, parenting sense of competence, and ease of transition to parenthood. The results suggest the need for further study of the influence of prenatal classes on becoming a new parent, and of the effects of the father's presence during childbirth on birth and new parent experiences. PMID:7741947

Nichols, M R

1995-03-01

45

Involving fathers in prevention of mother to child transmission initiatives – what the evidence suggests  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The current UNAIDS goal towards virtual ending or elimination of infants acquiring HIV by 2015 is perhaps the most achievable goal to date. Yet, models show that delivery of antiretroviral compounds alone will not suffice to achieve this goal, and a broader community-based approach to pregnancy, families and HIV is needed. Such an approach would highlight the important role of men in reproduction. Although early studies have shown it is cost-effective to include males, very few interventions have proceeded to involve men. Methods: This review utilized systematic review techniques to explore the literature on effective interventions for the inclusion of men in the prevention of HIV to infants. A key word search of literature sources generated 248 studies for hand sorting and interrogation. Of these, 13 were found to contain some information on involvement of males in some form of provision. Data were abstracted from these and form the basis of this review. Results: Background descriptive studies painted a picture of low male involvement, poor male inclusion and barriers to engagement at all stages. Yet, pregnancy intentions among men affected by HIV are high and the importance of fathers to family functioning – from relationships, through conception, pregnancy and parenting – is well established. Search strategies for interventions for males in HIV and pregnancy were used to generate studies of sufficient quality to inform strategies on the future of male involvement. Of the 317,434 papers on pregnancy and HIV, only 4178 included the term male (paternal or father. When these were restricted to intervention studies, only 248 remained for hand sorting, generating 13 studies of relevance for data extraction. The results show that all these interventions were concentrated around male partner HIV testing. In general, male partner testing was low and was amenable to change by offering voluntary counselling and testing (VCT information, providing couple-based testing facilities and encouraging male attendance. All interventions used indirect approaches to men via their pregnant spouse. Non-health facility (clinic or hospital-based provision (such as testing facilities in the community in bars and churches were more effective than healthcare facilities in attracting male participation. Conclusions: In conclusion, the review showed that approaches to men are limited to HIV testing with little innovative planning and provision for male treatment and care. As such, initiatives run the risk of alienating rather than including males. Direct approaches and the provision of male-specific facilities and benefits should be explored.

Natasha Croome

2012-07-01

46

Public Perceptions about Father Involvement: Results of a Statewide Household Survey  

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This study of social norms regarding expectations of fathers describes public perceptions based on a statewide, random household telephone survey of 1,010 adults. The results indicate strong public support for community expectations about father's time with child as communicated through workplace provision of paternal leave and flextime, although…

Andrews, Arlene Bowers; Luckey, Irene; Bolden, Errol; Whiting-Fickling, Judith; Lind, Katherine A.

2004-01-01

47

Adolescent and Young Adult Mothers' Relationship Quality during the Transition to Parenthood: Associations with Father Involvement in Fragile Families  

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Data from the Fragile Families and Child-Well-being Study were used to examine predictors of involvement among fathers of young children (N = 2,215) born to adolescent and young adult mothers (ages 14-25; N = 2,850). Participants were interviewed immediately following their baby's birth and at 3-years postpartum regarding co-parental relationship…

Gee, Christina B.; McNerney, Christopher M.; Reiter, Michael J.; Leaman, Suzanne C.

2007-01-01

48

Increasing Fathers' Involvement in Child Care with a Couple-Focused Intervention during the Transition to Parenthood  

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In this article, we report the results of an evaluation study of a program for couples during the transition to parenthood on father involvement in child care. One-hundred-twenty couples were assigned to 1 of the 3 groups: a treatment group that received the Welcome Baby new-parent, home-visiting program focused on infant development and health,…

Hawkins, Alan J.; Lovejoy, Kimberly R.; Holmes, Erin K.; Blanchard, Victoria L.; Fawcett, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

49

Exploring the impact of involving fathers in the treatment of their children: A study using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA  

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Full Text Available Although fathers have been shown to contribute uniquely to the development of psychopathology in children, they continue to be ignored in research and clinical work. Knowledge about the impact of involving fathers in their child’s treatment – for the child, couple and the family as a whole - is still sparse. The aim of this study was to explore parents’ experiences of having fathers involved in the treatment of their child. Parents, whose children had received cognitive behavioural therapy for an anxiety disorder, were interviewed about this topic. The participating parents had all been involved in the treatment of their child. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA was used to analyze the data in this study. Three higher order themes and 11 subthemes emerged from the six interview accounts. The three higher order themes were as follows: Strengthening the family system, empowerment of parents, and impact on partner relationship. Results indicated that parents’ experiences of the involvement of fathers to be beneficial not only on the child’s treatment but also on other aspects of family life. The parents reported that the family as a whole benefitted from the treatment and that the relationship between the parents was strengthened. A model was created to conceptualize these results.

Anna Elisabeth Iversen

2012-04-01

50

O envolvimento paterno no processo da amamentação: propostas de incentivo / Involving fathers in breast feeding: stimulus proposals  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: desvendar os eixos norteadores e, a partir deles, construir uma proposta de incentivo à participação do homem no processo da amamentação, identificando estratégias nas diversas fases de sua vida, desde criança até tornar-se pai. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo, exploratório e qualitativo, cujo [...] s eixos norteadores e a construção da proposta ocorreram a partir da análise das falas oriundas das entrevistas semiestruturadas realizadas com 17 casais, residentes na favela do Bode, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. As falas foram interpretadas à luz da análise do conteúdo manifesto, ancoradas no referencial teórico - construção histórica, social e cultural da paternidade - para encontrar os eixos norteadores e subsídios à construção da proposta. RESULTADOS: os eixos norteadores encontrados foram família, escola e instituição de saúde, os quais subsidiaram a construção de uma proposta por meio da implantação do ambulatório de amamentação (consulta para família, do pré-natal aos seis meses de vida da criança) e da socialização de meninos e meninas pró-amamentação. Tal proposta consta de atividades para o envolvimento do pai no amamentar. CONCLUSÕES: os eixos norteadores apresentaram aspectos significativos que alijaram o homem do processo da amamentação. Por isso, a essência desta proposta construída foi servir de modelo de incentivo à participação do pai nessa prática, para se estruturar um programa de saúde a ser implementado nas escolas e instituições de saúde, como uma forma de transformar a cultura do amamentar, aumentando o período de duração da amamentação. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: to reveal the guiding influences and through these to draw up a proposal to stimulate the participation of men in breast feeding, identifying strategies at the various phases in a man's life, from childhood to fatherhood. METHODS: a descriptive, exploratory and qualitative study was carr [...] ied out, whose guidelines and proposals were based on examination of statements gathered in the course of semi-structured interviews conducted with 17 couples, living on the Bode favela, in Recife, in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. The statements were interpreted using manifest content analysis, based on the theoretical notion of the historical, social and cultural construction of fatherhood, and subsequently used to determine the guiding influences and draw up proposals. RESULTS: the principal guiding influences were found to be the family, the school and the health unit, all of which help to draw up a proposal for the initiation of breast feeding at the outpatients clinic (during prenatal family consultations when the child is aged six months) and the socialization of male and female children in favor of breast feeding. This proposal includes activities that aim to involve the father in breast feeding. CONCLUSIONS: some significant features of the guiding influences tend to exclude men from the breast feeding process. The essence of this proposal is therefore to serve as a model for stimulating the participation of fathers in breast feeding and for building up a health program to be introduced in schools and health units, as a way of changing the culture of breast feeding and extending its duration.

Cleide Maria, Pontes; Aline Chaves, Alexandrino; Mônica Maria, Osório.

51

From Mao to Memphis: Chinese Immigrant Fathers' Involvement with Their Children's Education  

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How do adults adapt when they have been inculcated into a particular philosophy of parenting and education and are then expected to adjust to a cultural framework possibly at odds with their worldview? Mainland Chinese fathers represent one immigrant group that has had to successfully learn to navigate various challenges while interacting with…

Klein, Alan

2008-01-01

52

Father involvement and marital relationship during transition to parenthood: differences between dual and single-earner families.  

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Research into the process of becoming mother or father shows very conclusively that this important life transition is accompanied by both a decrease in marital quality and a more traditional division of labour. In this paper these changes are analyzed with special emphasis on the relationships between them and exploring the role played in this process by the mother's work status. Results showed a significant link between the development of marital quality and violated expectations regarding father involvement on childrearing. Dual-earner families were characterized by a specific pattern of changes, with greater stability than single-earner families in marital and parental roles during transition to parenthood and a significant role played by spouse support as a partner, but not as a parent. PMID:22059310

Menéndez, Susana; Hidalgo, M Victoria; Jiménez, Lucía; Moreno, M Carmen

2011-11-01

53

Psychopathological status, behavior problems, and family adjustment of Kuwaiti children whose fathers were involved in the first gulf war  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objectives Following the end of the Gulf War that resulted in the liberation of Kuwait, there are no reports on the impact of veterans' traumatic exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD on their children. We compared the severity of anxiety, depression, deviant behavior and poor family adjustment among the children of a stratified random sample of four groups of Kuwaiti military men, viz: the retired; an active -in-the-army group (AIA (involved in duties at the rear; an in-battle group (IB (involved in combat; and a prisoners -of- war (POWs group. Also, we assessed the association of father's PTSD/combat status and mother's characteristics with child psychosocial outcomes. Method Subjects were interviewed at home, 6 years after the war, using: the Child Behavior Index to assess anxiety, depression, and adaptive behavior; Rutter Scale A2 for deviant behavior; and Family Adjustment Device for adjustment at home. Both parents were assessed for PTSD. Results The 489 offspring (250 m, 239 f; mean age 13.8 yrs belonged to 166 father-mother pairs. Children of POWs tended to have higher anxiety, depression, and abnormal behavior scores. Those whose fathers had PTSD had significantly higher depression scores. However, children of fathers with both PTSD and POW status (N = 43 did not have significantly different outcome scores than the other father PTSD/combat status groups. Mother's PTSD, anxiety, depression and social status were significantly associated with all the child outcome variables. Parental age, child's age and child's level of education were significant covariates. Although children with both parents having PTSD had significantly higher anxiety/depression scores, the mother's anxiety was the most frequent and important predictor of child outcome variables. The frequency of abnormal test scores was: 14% for anxiety/depression, and 17% for deviant behavior. Conclusion Our findings support the impression that child emotional experiences in vulnerable family situations transcend culture and are associated with the particular behavior of significant adults in the child's life. The primacy of the mother's influence has implications for interventions to improve the psychological functioning of children in such families. Mental health education for these families has the potential to help those in difficulty.

Ohaeri Jude U

2008-05-01

54

A relação entre o envolvimento paterno e o desempenho acadêmico dos filhos The relationship between father involvement and children's academic performance  

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Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi o de estudar o impacto da qualidade do relacionamento entre pai e filho sobre o desempenho acadêmico de crianças escolares. Participaram deste estudo 58 pais e seus filhos da 5ª e 6ª séries. Os pais preencheram o questionário "Qualidade da interação familiar na visão paterna" e os filhos preencheram o questionário "Interação pai-filho". Para investigar como o envolvimento dos pais afetou o desempenho acadêmico dos seus filhos, as crianças foram avaliadas com o "Teste de Desempenho Escolar". Observou-se que, quanto maior a freqüência de comunicações entre pai e filho e quanto maior o envolvimento dos pais nas atividades escolares, culturais e de lazer do filho, melhor o desempenho acadêmico das crianças. Tais resultados demonstram a importância do pai para o desempenho acadêmico dos filhos e apontam para a necessidade de educar os homens para conhecerem as muitas ações que podem melhorar seu desempenho enquanto pais.The aim of this paper was to study the impact of the quality of the father-child relationship on children's academic performance. A total of 58 fathers and their children (in the fifth and sixth grades participated in this study. The fathers completed a questionnaire, "Quality of family interaction - fathers' perspective" and the children completed a questionnaire "Father-child interaction". To investigate how the fathers' involvement affected their children's academic performance, the children were evaluated using the School Performance Test. The results indicate that, the higher the frequency of father-child communication and the greater the fathers' involvement in the children's school, cultural and leisure activities, the higher the children's academic performance. These results indicate the importance of fathers' involvement, to maximize children's academic performance, and the necessity of educating men with respect to the ways in which they can improve their parental performance.

Fabiana Cia

2004-12-01

55

A relação entre o envolvimento paterno e o desempenho acadêmico dos filhos / The relationship between father involvement and children's academic performance  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho foi o de estudar o impacto da qualidade do relacionamento entre pai e filho sobre o desempenho acadêmico de crianças escolares. Participaram deste estudo 58 pais e seus filhos da 5ª e 6ª séries. Os pais preencheram o questionário "Qualidade da interação familiar na visão pa [...] terna" e os filhos preencheram o questionário "Interação pai-filho". Para investigar como o envolvimento dos pais afetou o desempenho acadêmico dos seus filhos, as crianças foram avaliadas com o "Teste de Desempenho Escolar". Observou-se que, quanto maior a freqüência de comunicações entre pai e filho e quanto maior o envolvimento dos pais nas atividades escolares, culturais e de lazer do filho, melhor o desempenho acadêmico das crianças. Tais resultados demonstram a importância do pai para o desempenho acadêmico dos filhos e apontam para a necessidade de educar os homens para conhecerem as muitas ações que podem melhorar seu desempenho enquanto pais. Abstract in english The aim of this paper was to study the impact of the quality of the father-child relationship on children's academic performance. A total of 58 fathers and their children (in the fifth and sixth grades) participated in this study. The fathers completed a questionnaire, "Quality of family interaction [...] - fathers' perspective" and the children completed a questionnaire "Father-child interaction". To investigate how the fathers' involvement affected their children's academic performance, the children were evaluated using the School Performance Test. The results indicate that, the higher the frequency of father-child communication and the greater the fathers' involvement in the children's school, cultural and leisure activities, the higher the children's academic performance. These results indicate the importance of fathers' involvement, to maximize children's academic performance, and the necessity of educating men with respect to the ways in which they can improve their parental performance.

Fabiana, Cia; Sabrina Mazo, D´Affonseca; Elizabeth Joan, Barham.

56

"Changing for My Kid": Fatherhood Experiences of Mexican-Origin Teen Fathers Involved in the Justice System  

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A descriptive phenomenological study was conducted with six adolescent fathers of Mexican origin on juvenile probation for a variety of serious offenses. All participants successfully completed a parenting program designed especially for teen fathers. In a series of consecutive in-depth interviews, teen fathers were asked to discuss their…

Parra-Cardona, Jose Ruben; Sharp, Elizabeth A.; Wampler, Richard S.

2008-01-01

57

Desempenho acadêmico e autoconceito de escolares: contribuições do envolvimento paterno / Children's academic performance and self-concept: contributions of father involvement  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este estudo teve por objetivo examinar as relações entre três formas do envolvimento paterno (a comunicação entre pai e filho; a participação do pai nos cuidados com o filho; a participação do pai nas atividades escolares, culturais e de lazer do filho) e dois aspectos do desenvolvimento infantil (a [...] utoconceito e desempenho acadêmico) de crianças que iniciam as atividades escolares. Participaram deste estudo 97 casais e seus filhos matriculados na 1ª ou 2ª série do Ensino Fundamental. Para avaliar o envolvimento paterno a partir de duas perspectivas diferentes, tanto os pais quanto as mães responderam à Avaliação do bem-estar pessoal e familiar e do relacionamento pai-filho - Versão Paterna. Para avaliar o desempenho acadêmico e o autoconceito, foram aplicados nas crianças o Teste de Desempenho Escolar e o Self-Description Questionnaire I. Observou-se que, quanto maior a frequência de comunicação entre pai e filho, a participação do pai nos cuidados com o filho e a participação do pai nas atividades escolares, culturais e de lazer do filho, maior o desempenho acadêmico e o autoconceito das crianças. Esses resultados são indicativos da importância do envolvimento paterno e apontam a necessidade de se realizarem intervenções educativas dirigidas aos homens. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships among three types of fathering involvement (father-child communication, fathers' participation in caring for their child and fathers' participation in their child's school, cultural and leisure activities) and two aspects of a child's develo [...] pment (academic performance and selfconcept) among children in their first years of schooling. The participants were 97 fathers, mothers and their children, who were attending the first or second grade. To evaluate father involvement from two different perspectives, both the fathers and the mothers completed the Evaluation questionnaire about individual and family well-being and the parentchild relationship - Fathering Version. Children's academic performance and selfconcept were evaluated using the School Performance Test and the Self-Description Questionnaire I, respectively. The greater the frequency of father-child communication, of the fathers' participation in caring for their children, and in their children's school, cultural and leisure activities, the stronger the children's academic performance and the more positive their selfconcept. These results are indicative of the importance of fathers' involvement and point out the need for educational interventions specifically for men.

Fabiana, Cia; Elizabeth Joan, Barham; Anne Marie Germaine Victorine, Fontaine.

58

Desempenho acadêmico e autoconceito de escolares: contribuições do envolvimento paterno / Children's academic performance and self-concept: contributions of father involvement  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este estudo teve por objetivo examinar as relações entre três formas do envolvimento paterno (a comunicação entre pai e filho; a participação do pai nos cuidados com o filho; a participação do pai nas atividades escolares, culturais e de lazer do filho) e dois aspectos do desenvolvimento infantil (a [...] utoconceito e desempenho acadêmico) de crianças que iniciam as atividades escolares. Participaram deste estudo 97 casais e seus filhos matriculados na 1ª ou 2ª série do Ensino Fundamental. Para avaliar o envolvimento paterno a partir de duas perspectivas diferentes, tanto os pais quanto as mães responderam à Avaliação do bem-estar pessoal e familiar e do relacionamento pai-filho - Versão Paterna. Para avaliar o desempenho acadêmico e o autoconceito, foram aplicados nas crianças o Teste de Desempenho Escolar e o Self-Description Questionnaire I. Observou-se que, quanto maior a frequência de comunicação entre pai e filho, a participação do pai nos cuidados com o filho e a participação do pai nas atividades escolares, culturais e de lazer do filho, maior o desempenho acadêmico e o autoconceito das crianças. Esses resultados são indicativos da importância do envolvimento paterno e apontam a necessidade de se realizarem intervenções educativas dirigidas aos homens. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships among three types of fathering involvement (father-child communication, fathers' participation in caring for their child and fathers' participation in their child's school, cultural and leisure activities) and two aspects of a child's develo [...] pment (academic performance and selfconcept) among children in their first years of schooling. The participants were 97 fathers, mothers and their children, who were attending the first or second grade. To evaluate father involvement from two different perspectives, both the fathers and the mothers completed the Evaluation questionnaire about individual and family well-being and the parentchild relationship - Fathering Version. Children's academic performance and selfconcept were evaluated using the School Performance Test and the Self-Description Questionnaire I, respectively. The greater the frequency of father-child communication, of the fathers' participation in caring for their children, and in their children's school, cultural and leisure activities, the stronger the children's academic performance and the more positive their selfconcept. These results are indicative of the importance of fathers' involvement and point out the need for educational interventions specifically for men.

Fabiana, Cia; Elizabeth Joan, Barham; Anne Marie Germaine Victorine, Fontaine.

2012-12-01

59

The Study of Male Involvement in Prenatal Care in Shahroud and Sabzevar, Iran  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Male involvement like women empowerment and maternal health is one of the main strategies in achieving millennium development goals. To prepare the theoretical grounds necessary for male involvement, this descriptive study specifically aims to understand the prevalence and the forms of male involvement in maternal health. Methods: This is a descriptive-analytic study. Subjects consisted of women hospitalized for delivery in Shahrood and Sabsevar hospitals, Iran. Inclusion criteria were alive and healthy fetus. Exclusion criteria were illegal pregnancy. The questionnaires were completed by 507 women and 420 husbands. Data were analyzed using t-test, Pearson correlation and descriptive tests.Results: 17% of men didn’t attend at the time of woman’s admission at the hospital. Low level of husband’s companionship to health centers, low male involvement in household tasks and receiving low health recommendation by husbands were reported by 25%, 33% and 61% of the women, respectively. 77% of men had a low level of knowledge concerning pregnancy complications; however, 93% of them were aware of their wives’ problems in pregnancy. Conclusion: The observed awareness of men of their wives’ problems in pregnancy and their companionship in receiving prenatal care indicates their high level of interest in pregnancy health; however, their low level of knowledge concerning pregnancy problems, women’s physical and psychological needs is an important barrier to male involvement in maternal health. Designing and providing reproductive health education programs for men seems to be necessary.

Mortazavi F.

2012-04-01

60

Fathers: The "Invisible" Parents  

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This article discusses studies that provide the historical and contemporary patterns of father involvement in the USA to provide researchers with an understanding of contemporary fatherhood. It describes the historical patterns and research studies on father involvement that created methodological and conceptual challenges in conducting studies…

Saracho, Olivia N.; Spodek, Bernard

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Time to father.  

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This paper reports the qualitative findings from 40 couples involved in a study exploring men's post-natal mental health. Interviews were conducted with individuals soon after the birth of their first child. Findings suggest that new fathers want to be more involved in the direct care and nurturing of their children than their fathers were with them. Discourses which construct fathers and inform social structures have not kept pace with men's changed attitudes and role expectations limiting the options available to men as fathers. In particular men's employment circumstances figure in their experience of adjusting to life as a father. Those fathers having least flexibility and autonomy in their work report experiencing, since the birth of their child, more unhappiness, anxiety, and generally higher levels of stress. These findings suggest increasing workplace flexibility and provisions such as parental leave are important for men's post-natal mental health. PMID:15774385

Bolzan, Natalie; Gale, Fran; Dudley, Michael

2004-01-01

62

The Differential Impact of Early Father and Mother Involvement on Later Student Achievement  

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The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of early parenting on later parental school involvement and student achievement. The sample, pulled from the 1st and 2nd waves of the Child Development Supplement data set of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, consisted of 390 children age 2-5 at Time 1 and their…

McBride, Brent A.; Dyer, W. Justin; Liu, Ying; Brown, Geoffrey L.; Hong, Sungjin

2009-01-01

63

Fathers' and Mothers' Home Literacy Involvement and Children's Cognitive and Social Emotional Development: Implications for Family Literacy Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

The relations between fathers' and mothers' home literacy involvement at 24 months and children's cognitive and social emotional development in preschool were examined using a large sample of African American and Caucasian families ("N" = 5190) from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B). Hierarchical…

Baker, Claire E.

2013-01-01

64

Single Fathers  

Science.gov (United States)

Although single fathers constitute a minority of one-parent families, over a half million men are rearing their minor children alone. These fathers must make special psychological and sociological adjustments. This paper reports the findings of an exploratory, comparative case study into the parental experiences of single fathers (N=32). (Author)

Mendes, Helen A.

1976-01-01

65

The Development of Parenting Efficacy among New Mothers and Fathers  

Science.gov (United States)

Predictors of prenatal and postnatal parenting efficacy were examined in a sample of 115 primiparous mothers and 73 fathers in an effort to examine the association between preexisting parental characteristics and prenatal efficacy and the association between prenatal characteristics and postnatal efficacy when aspects of the current parenting…

Leerkes, Esther M.; Burney, Regan V.

2007-01-01

66

Profissionais e usuárias(os adolescentes de quatro programas públicos de atendimento pré-natal da região da grande Florianópolis: onde está o pai? Professionals and teenagers users of prenatal assistance in Florianopolis city and surroundings: where is the father?  

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Full Text Available Este artigo trata da caracterização do universo investigado em uma pesquisa sobre a estrutura e o funcionamento de quatro programas públicos de atendimento pré-natal da região da grande Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. A partir das informações obtidas através de questionários aplicados aos profissionais (34 e usuários adolescentes (63 mulheres e 6 homens, foi possível construir perfis dos grupos investigados. Os resultados indicam perfis semelhantes aos encontrados em outros programas públicos voltados para o atendimento pré-natal nesta faixa etária, nos quesitos idade, escolaridade, trabalho remunerado, número de gestações, tipo de relação com o parceiro. A exclusão do pai da arena da saúde reprodutiva permanece acontecendo em todos estes programas, à semelhança de inúmeros outros descritos pela literatura. Repensar esta situação parece urgente no sentido da construção da eqüidade de gênero neste campo, bem como no da garantia dos direitos sexuais e reprodutivos na adolescência.This article is about the investigated universe characterization in a study about the structure and functioning of four prenatal assistance public programs of Florianópolis city (state of Santa Catarina and surroundings. Through questionnaires applied on professionals (34 and teenagers users (63 women and six men, it was possible to build an analysis which characterized the investigated groups. The results indicate similar profiles as those found on other prenatal assistance public programs like age, scholarship, work, pregnancy occurrence and couple relationship. The father's exclusion in the reproductive health arena remains happening in all of them as well as other countless programs described on the scientific literature. To reflect upon this situation seems urgent to build gender equity in this field and also to guaranty the adolescents' sexual and reproductive rights.

Maria Juracy Toneli Siqueira

2002-01-01

67

A EXPERIÊNCIA DE PAIS PARTICIPANTES DE UM GRUPO DE EDUCAÇÃO PARA SAÚDE NO PRÉ-NATAL LA EXPERIENCIA DE PADRES PARTICIPANTES DE UN GRUPO DE EDUCACIÓN EN SALUD EN LA ATENCIÓN PRENATAL THE EXPERIENCE OF FATHERS PARTICIPANTS OF HEALTH EDUCATION GROUP IN PRENATAL CARE  

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Full Text Available Esta pesquisa teve o objetivo de descrever a experiência de pais que participaram em um grupo de educação para a saúde realizado na assistência pré-natal. O grupo foi desenvolvido mediante a estratégia da pesquisa-ação em um hospital Universitário da cidade de São Paulo, Brasil e contou com a participação de oito gestantes e quatro maridos. Das entrevistas individuais feitas com os maridos, integralmente gravadas, transcritas e analisadas de forma indutiva e interpretativa, emergiram três categorias descritivas: a A participação no grupo permitiu compartilhar das experiências de forma mais intensa, b a participação no grupo permitiu melhor compreensão da mulher grávida e promoveu a qualidade do suporte oferecido a ela, c o aprendizado e o desenvolvimento das técnicas corporais promoveram a integração do casal e entre os participantes no grupo. A participação ativa do pai nas atividades educativas da assistência pré-natal deve ser incentivada porque este medida produz benefícios para ele e, conseqüentemente, para sua família e a sociedade.Esta investigación tuvo el objetivo de describir la experiencia de padres que habían participado de un grupo de educación en salud realizado en la atención prenatal. El grupo fue desarrollado con empleo de la metodología de investigación-acción en el hospital Universitario de la ciudad de São Paulo, Brasil y tuvo la participación de ocho embarazadas y cuatro acompañantes. De las entrevistas individuales hechas con los maridos, las que fueron completamente grabadas, transcritas y analizadas de forma inductiva e interpretativa, surgieron tres categorías descriptivas: a La participación en el grupo permitió compartir las experiencias de forma más intensa, b la participación en el grupo permitió mejorar la comprensión de la mujer embarazada y promovió la calidad en el soporte ofrecido a ella, c el aprendizaje y el desarrollo de las técnicas corporales promovió la integración entre las parejas y entre los participantes del grupo. La participación activa de los padres en las actividades educativas del cuidado prenatal debe ser incentivada, pues esta medida produce beneficios para él y, consecuentemente, a su familia y la sociedad.The aim of this research was to describe the experience of fathers, participating in a health education group during prenatal care. An action research strategy was adopted to carry out the study and handle the group, at a University hospital, city of São Paulo, Brazil. The group was conformed by eight pregnant women and four husbands. From the individual interviews carried out with the husbands, fully recorded, transcribed and analyzed in an inductive and interpretive way, three descriptive categories emerged from the experience: a The participation in the group permitted to share the experiences in a more intensive way, b the participation in the group permitted a better understanding of the pregnant woman and promoted the quality of support offered to her, c the knowledge and the development of body techniques promoted the integration of the couples and among the participants of the group. The fathers´ active participation in the educational activities carried out in prenatal care should be encouraged to produce benefits for him and, consequently, to his family and the society.

Luciana Magnoni Reberte

2010-01-01

68

A EXPERIÊNCIA DE PAIS PARTICIPANTES DE UM GRUPO DE EDUCAÇÃO PARA SAÚDE NO PRÉ-NATAL / THE EXPERIENCE OF FATHERS PARTICIPANTS OF HEALTH EDUCATION GROUP IN PRENATAL CARE / LA EXPERIENCIA DE PADRES PARTICIPANTES DE UN GRUPO DE EDUCACIÓN EN SALUD EN LA ATENCIÓN PRENATAL  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Esta pesquisa teve o objetivo de descrever a experiência de pais que participaram em um grupo de educação para a saúde realizado na assistência pré-natal. O grupo foi desenvolvido mediante a estratégia da pesquisa-ação em um hospital Universitário da cidade de São Paulo, Brasil e contou com a partic [...] ipação de oito gestantes e quatro maridos. Das entrevistas individuais feitas com os maridos, integralmente gravadas, transcritas e analisadas de forma indutiva e interpretativa, emergiram três categorias descritivas: a) A participação no grupo permitiu compartilhar das experiências de forma mais intensa, b) a participação no grupo permitiu melhor compreensão da mulher grávida e promoveu a qualidade do suporte oferecido a ela, c) o aprendizado e o desenvolvimento das técnicas corporais promoveram a integração do casal e entre os participantes no grupo. A participação ativa do pai nas atividades educativas da assistência pré-natal deve ser incentivada porque este medida produz benefícios para ele e, conseqüentemente, para sua família e a sociedade. Abstract in spanish Esta investigación tuvo el objetivo de describir la experiencia de padres que habían participado de un grupo de educación en salud realizado en la atención prenatal. El grupo fue desarrollado con empleo de la metodología de investigación-acción en el hospital Universitario de la ciudad de São Paulo, [...] Brasil y tuvo la participación de ocho embarazadas y cuatro acompañantes. De las entrevistas individuales hechas con los maridos, las que fueron completamente grabadas, transcritas y analizadas de forma inductiva e interpretativa, surgieron tres categorías descriptivas: a) La participación en el grupo permitió compartir las experiencias de forma más intensa, b) la participación en el grupo permitió mejorar la comprensión de la mujer embarazada y promovió la calidad en el soporte ofrecido a ella, c) el aprendizaje y el desarrollo de las técnicas corporales promovió la integración entre las parejas y entre los participantes del grupo. La participación activa de los padres en las actividades educativas del cuidado prenatal debe ser incentivada, pues esta medida produce beneficios para él y, consecuentemente, a su familia y la sociedad. Abstract in english The aim of this research was to describe the experience of fathers, participating in a health education group during prenatal care. An action research strategy was adopted to carry out the study and handle the group, at a University hospital, city of São Paulo, Brazil. The group was conformed by eig [...] ht pregnant women and four husbands. From the individual interviews carried out with the husbands, fully recorded, transcribed and analyzed in an inductive and interpretive way, three descriptive categories emerged from the experience: a) The participation in the group permitted to share the experiences in a more intensive way, b) the participation in the group permitted a better understanding of the pregnant woman and promoted the quality of support offered to her, c) the knowledge and the development of body techniques promoted the integration of the couples and among the participants of the group. The fathers´ active participation in the educational activities carried out in prenatal care should be encouraged to produce benefits for him and, consequently, to his family and the society.

Luciana, Magnoni Reberte; Luiza Akiko, Komura Hoga.

69

The Prenatal Care at School Program  

Science.gov (United States)

School absenteeism and poor compliance with prenatal appointments are concerns for pregnant teens. The Prenatal Care at School (PAS) program is a new model of prenatal care involving local health care providers and school personnel to reduce the need for students to leave school for prenatal care. The program combines prenatal care and education…

Griswold, Carol H.; Nasso, Jacqueline T.; Swider, Susan; Ellison, Brenda R.; Griswold, Daniel L.; Brooks, Marilyn

2013-01-01

70

Adolescents with Nonresident Fathers: Are Daughters More Disadvantaged than Sons?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined sons' and daughters' involvement with nonresident fathers and associated outcomes (N = 4,663). Results indicated that sons and daughters reported equal involvement with nonresident fathers on most measures of father investment, although sons reported more overnight visits, sports, and movies and feeling closer to their fathers

Mitchell, Katherine Stamps; Booth, Alan; King, Valarie

2009-01-01

71

Low-Income Adolescent Fathers: Risk for Parenthood and Risky Parenting  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors report findings from the Father Involvement with Toddlers Study (FITS) of low-income fathers. The study sought to learn about biological fathers and father figures of children eligible for Early Head Start (EHS). FITS data suggest that, compared to older fathers, teen fathers are more highly invested in their children, enjoy…

Fitzgerald, Hiram E.; McKelvey, Lorraine

2005-01-01

72

A Longitudinal Examination of Single Custodial Fathers: Implications for Treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents follow-up data gathered 3 years after survey of fathers raising children alone, comparing fathers who remained single custodians and those who remarried. Single fathers' custodial arrangements had not changed significantly. Remarried fathers usually wed mothers with custody, became more involved in housework, and reported that their…

Greif, Geoffrey

1987-01-01

73

Figuring in the Father Factor. For Parents Particularly.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the importance of father's involvement in childcare for the child's success and presents guidelines for successful fathering. Notes the difference between authoritative and authoritarian parenting. Suggest that fathers be a part of the child's day, show acceptance, use positive parenting, share parenting, and see fathering as worthwhile…

Ballantine, Jeanne H.

2000-01-01

74

Stability of fathers' representations of their infants during the transition to parenthood.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies investigating fathers' roles in child development have focused on a range of different aspects. However, few studies have focused on the early father-infant relationship, which already emerges before the child is born. The aim of this study is to examine the concordance of fathers' representations of their children during the transition to parenthood. The influences of demographic variables, psychological wellbeing, and personality on the stability of these representations are investigated. At 26 weeks gestational age and when infants were six months old, fathers (N = 243) completed questionnaires and the Working Model of the Child Interview during a home visit. A strong association was found between fathers' prenatal and postnatal representations. First-time fathers more often had balanced representations than fathers who already had children. Furthermore, agreeable fathers were more likely to evolve from a non-balanced prenatal representation to a balanced postnatal representation. PMID:24684586

Vreeswijk, Charlotte M J M; Maas, A Janneke B M; Rijk, Catharina H A M; Braeken, Johan; van Bakel, Hedwig J A

2014-01-01

75

Chaotic Identities, Love and Fathering  

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Full Text Available Fathers today are confronted with constantly changing ideas on theirrole as a parent. The old traditional forms of fathering i.e. the breadwinner and protector roles are being gradually replaced by a more reflexive role that places unconditional love from their children as a central theme in a new type of reflexive parenting. This article examines the role of fatherhood through the theoreticallens of reflexive modernity. It recognises that men are increasingly becoming dependant on their children for unconditional love and this is forcing men to become more involved in the lives of their own children. The theory of reflexive modernisation is applied to a group of 40 fathers from a post-industrial area of Britain to unravel the processes and practices being used in this “new” type of parenting. This research discovers that fathers in the 21st century have numerouspressures from changing ideas about what is a good or bad father, but in the final instance it is their individualised responses to these societal and personal circumstances which create a new reflexive type of fathering. This type of fathering is therefore created by general social changes within a reflexive modern society and also by personal choice.

Stephen Williams

2011-08-01

76

Fathering in the first few months.  

Science.gov (United States)

Becoming a parent is a major event in life. Pregnancy is a time when both physical and emotional changes affect the lives of expectant parents as they prepare for parenthood. The aim of this study was to focus on fathers during and shortly after pregnancy. A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in all hospital prenatal clinics in the county council of Västernorrland, Sweden. Participating were 827 partners of women who had been pregnant and given birth during the period of June 2007 to June 2008. Data were collected using three questionnaires. Regression analysis showed that fathers who were most concerned about their new role were those that were university educated, first-time fathers, and those with financial worries. Support from the midwife or others close to the father did not impact fathers' thoughts about the difficulties of being a parent during pregnancy, but lack of support from the partners after the birth increased fathers' concern. This study suggests that more research is needed on fathers' own needs for support in parenting. PMID:21205276

Thomas, Jan E; Bonér, Ann-Kathrine; Hildingsson, Ingegerd

2011-09-01

77

Envolvimento paterno durante o nascimento dos filhos: pai "real" e "ideal" na perspectiva materna / Paternal involvement during their children's birth: mother's perspective of 'real' and 'ideal' father  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O pai é a fonte de apoio materno mais importante durante a transição decorrente do nascimento de filhos. Este estudo objetiva descrever a percepção de 45 mulheres grávidas e 42 mães com bebês de até seis meses sobre a participação e apoio paterno, durante a gestação e nascimento de filhos. A coleta [...] de dados consistiu da aplicação, às mães, de um questionário de caracterização do sistema familiar e de uma entrevista semiestruturada, visando obter informações sobre o pai "real" e o "ideal". Os resultados mostram que, apesar de os pais serem percebidos como pouco participativos, as mães estavam satisfeitas com o seu envolvimento. Os dados sugerem que é necessário estimular a participação do pai, por ocasião do nascimento de filhos. Abstract in english The father is a major figure on mother's support network during childbirth transition. This study aims to report father's participation and support during the pregnancy and the birth of their children, according to the point of view of 45 pregnant women and 42 women with six-month-old children. Data [...] was collected through the administration of a family questionnaire and a semi-structured interview answered by the mothers in order to get information about the "real" and the "ideal" father. The results show that, although the mothers were satisfied with the fathers' role in family life, they thought fathers were not as participative as they should be. Data suggest that it is necessary to stimulate father's participation during childbirth.

Maria Auxiliadora, Dessen; Maíra Ribeiro de, Oliveira.

78

Perspective on the technical challenges involved in the implementation of array-CGH in prenatal diagnostic testing.  

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Our aim was to construct a streamlined technical workflow to facilitate a prospective, multi-centre evaluation of array comparative genomic hybridisation (array-CGH) in the prenatal diagnostic context. A collection of commercially available DNA extraction and quantification techniques were evaluated and compared using minimal quantities of amniotic fluid, chorionic villi and cultured cells. When prenatal DNA of suitable quality and quantity was obtained, array-CGH was performed using Oxford Gene Technology's (OGT, Oxford, UK) CytoSure™ ISCA 8 × 60 K oligo array platform. With starting quantities of 2-4 ml amniotic fluid, 2-5 mg chorionic villi or under 150,000 cultured cells the following optimised technical workflow was identified: DNA extraction using the iGENatal™ kit (igenbiotech, Madrid, Spain) and quantification by the Qubit® 2.0 Fluorometer with the Qubit® dsDNA BR assay kit (Invitrogen™, Eugene, OR, USA). In addition, it was elucidated that array-CGH can be successfully performed with as little as 125 ng DNA in the experiment using the OGT CytoSure™ ISCA 8 × 60 K oligo array platform. Amidst an on-going debate on whether array-CGH should be applied in the prenatal diagnostic setting, by following the technical recommendations described here genetics laboratories can now gain exposure to prenatal array-CGH testing without compromising the conventional karyotype result. PMID:24146428

Callaway, Jonathan L A; Huang, Shuwen; Karampetsou, Evangelia; Crolla, John A

2014-04-01

79

Single Custodial Fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews literature from the past 10 years about single fathers. Statistics are presented to show the number of single fathers, their race, socioeconomic status, religion, age, and employment. Other issues discussed include an analysis of single fathers' parenting and homemaking skills, their motivation for custody, and visiting and…

Hanson, Shirley May Harmon

80

Aiding the Single Father.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses problems peculiar to single fathers. Assesses the status of helping resources for single fathers. Reports helping professionals' perceptions of these clients. Survey results indicated most helping practitioners are aware of single fathers as a client group and want information relative to this group. (RC)

Nieto, Daniel S.

1982-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Boot Camp for New Dads: The Importance of Infant-Father Attachment  

Science.gov (United States)

Early childhood professionals know that good fathering has a profound impact on children. Research confirms that when fathers are involved in the lives of their children, positive outcomes can be expected; when fathers are not involved in their children's lives, more negative outcomes can be seen. Fathers can play an integral role as attachment…

Capuozzo, Robert M.; Sheppard, Bruce S.; Uba, Gregory

2010-01-01

82

Southeast Asian Fathers’ Experiences with Adolescents: Challenges and Change  

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The purpose of this paper is to examine the fathering experiences of Southeast Asian immigrant men who are parenting their adolescent children in the United States. Focus group discussions were conducted with twenty-two Cambodian, Hmong, Lao, and Vietnamese immigrant fathers. The study found that most fathers wanted to become closer to their children and be more involved in their children’s daily activities. Common fathering roles such as the family provider, teacher, supervisor, and discip...

Detzner, Daniel F.; Zha Blong Xiong

2006-01-01

83

Prenatal Diagnosis  

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Full Text Available Prenatal diagnosis is the process of determining the health or disease status of the fetus or embryo before birth. The purpose is early detection of diseases and early intervention when required. Prenatal genetic tests comprise of cytogenetic (chromosome assessment and molecular (DNA mutation analysis tests. Prenatal testing enables the early diagnosis of many diseases in risky pregnancies. Furthermore, in the event of a disease, diagnosing prenatally will facilitate the planning of necessary precautions and treatments, both before and after birth. Upon prenatal diagnosis of some diseases, termination of the pregnancy could be possible according to the family's wishes and within the legal frameworks. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2012; 21(1.000: 80-94

Ozge Ozalp Yuregir

2012-02-01

84

O envolvimento do pai na gravidez/parto e a ligação emocional com o bebé La participación del padre en el embarazo/parto y el vínculo emocional con el bebé Father’s involvement in pregnancy/childbirth and the emotional bond with the baby  

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Full Text Available Enquadramento: a ligação emocional entre pai e filho é determinante na transição para a paternidade e no desenvolvimento do bebé. Objetivos: pretendemos verificar se existe relação entre as variáveis sóciodemográficas, o envolvimento na gravidez ou o corte do cordão umbilical com a ligação emocional do pai com o bebé. Metodologia: efetuámos um estudo transversal, quantitativo de caráter descritivo analítico. Aplicámos um questionário e a escala bonding validada para a população Portuguesa (Figueiredo et al., 2005, em três momentos diferentes (durante o trabalho de parto, no 1º e no 3º dia após o parto a 222 pais, entre novembro de 2010 e janeiro de 2011. Resultados: verificámos que a idade (entre 25 e 40 anos, o acompanhamento da grávida às consultas de vigilância da gravidez, o acompanhamento da grávida nos preparativos para o nascimento do bebé, a leitura de informação sobre o bebé em desenvolvimento, o envolvimento na gravidez e o corte do cordão umbilical influenciam positivamente a ligação emocional do pai com o bebé. Conclusão: os resultados apontam para uma melhoria na ligação afetiva entre o pai e o bebé se os profissionais de saúde promoverem o envolvimento do pai na gravidez e no parto.Marco: el vínculo emocional entre padre e hijo es crucial en la transición hacia la paternidad y el desarrollo del bebé.Objetivos: pretendemos verificar si existe una relación entre las variables sociodemográficas, la participación en el embarazo o el corte del cordón umbilical y el vínculo emocional entre el padre y el bebé. Metodología: se realizó un estudio transversal, cuantitativo, de corte descriptivo-analítico. Se aplicó un cuestionario y la escala de Bonding validado para la población portuguesa (Figueiredo et al., 2005, en tres momentos diferentes (durante el parto, durante el primer y el tercer día después del parto a 222 padres, entre noviembre 2010 y enero de 2011. Resultados: se comprobó que la edad (entre 25 y 40 años, el acompañamiento con la mujer embarazada alas citas para la vigilancia del embarazo, el acompañamiento de la mujer embarazada en los preparativos para el nacimiento del bebé, la lectura de información sobre el desarrollo del bebé, la participación en el embarazo y el corte del cordón umbilical influyen positivamente en el vínculo emocional entre el padre y el bebé. Conclusión: los resultados indican una mejora en el vínculo emocional entre el padre y el bebé siempre y cuando los profesionales de la salud promuevan la participación del padre durante el embarazo y el parto.Background: the emotional bond between father and child is crucial in the transition to parenthood and the baby’s development. Objectives: our intention was to verify if there is a relationship between sociodemographic variables, involvement in the pregnancy or cutting the umbilical cord with the emotional bond between father and baby. Methodology: we performed a cross-sectional, quantitative study descriptive and analytical in nature. We administered a questionnaire and the Bonding scale validated for the Portuguese population (Figueiredo et al., 2005, at three different times (during labour, on the 1st and 3rd days after birth to 222 parents between November 2010 and January 2011. Results: We found that age (between 25 and 40 years, accompanying the pregnant woman to appointments for pregnancy surveillance, monitoring of the pregnancy in preparation for the birth of the baby, reading information about the developing baby involvement in the pregnancy and cutting the umbilical cord positively influence the emotional bond between father and baby. Conclusion: the results indicate an improvement in the emotional bond between father and baby if health professionals promote fathersinvolvement during pregnancyand childbirth.

João Rui Duarte Farias Nogueira

2012-12-01

85

O envolvimento do pai na gravidez/parto e a ligação emocional com o bebé / Father’s involvement in pregnancy/childbirth and the emotional bond with the baby / La participación del padre en el embarazo/parto y el vínculo emocional con el bebé  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Enquadramento: a ligação emocional entre pai e filho é determinante na transição para a paternidade e no desenvolvimento do bebé. Objetivos: pretendemos verificar se existe relação entre as variáveis sóciodemográficas, o envolvimento na gravidez ou o corte do cordão umbilical com a ligação emocional [...] do pai com o bebé. Metodologia: efetuámos um estudo transversal, quantitativo de caráter descritivo analítico. Aplicámos um questionário e a escala bonding validada para a população Portuguesa (Figueiredo et al., 2005), em três momentos diferentes (durante o trabalho de parto, no 1º e no 3º dia após o parto) a 222 pais, entre novembro de 2010 e janeiro de 2011. Resultados: verificámos que a idade (entre 25 e 40 anos), o acompanhamento da grávida às consultas de vigilância da gravidez, o acompanhamento da grávida nos preparativos para o nascimento do bebé, a leitura de informação sobre o bebé em desenvolvimento, o envolvimento na gravidez e o corte do cordão umbilical influenciam positivamente a ligação emocional do pai com o bebé. Conclusão: os resultados apontam para uma melhoria na ligação afetiva entre o pai e o bebé se os profissionais de saúde promoverem o envolvimento do pai na gravidez e no parto. Abstract in spanish Marco: el vínculo emocional entre padre e hijo es crucial en la transición hacia la paternidad y el desarrollo del bebé.Objetivos: pretendemos verificar si existe una relación entre las variables sociodemográficas, la participación en el embarazo o el corte del cordón umbilical y el vínculo emociona [...] l entre el padre y el bebé. Metodología: se realizó un estudio transversal, cuantitativo, de corte descriptivo-analítico. Se aplicó un cuestionario y la escala de Bonding validado para la población portuguesa (Figueiredo et al., 2005), en tres momentos diferentes (durante el parto, durante el primer y el tercer día después del parto) a 222 padres, entre noviembre 2010 y enero de 2011. Resultados: se comprobó que la edad (entre 25 y 40 años), el acompañamiento con la mujer embarazada alas citas para la vigilancia del embarazo, el acompañamiento de la mujer embarazada en los preparativos para el nacimiento del bebé, la lectura de información sobre el desarrollo del bebé, la participación en el embarazo y el corte del cordón umbilical influyen positivamente en el vínculo emocional entre el padre y el bebé. Conclusión: los resultados indican una mejora en el vínculo emocional entre el padre y el bebé siempre y cuando los profesionales de la salud promuevan la participación del padre durante el embarazo y el parto. Abstract in english Background: the emotional bond between father and child is crucial in the transition to parenthood and the baby’s development. Objectives: our intention was to verify if there is a relationship between sociodemographic variables, involvement in the pregnancy or cutting the umbilical cord with the em [...] otional bond between father and baby. Methodology: we performed a cross-sectional, quantitative study descriptive and analytical in nature. We administered a questionnaire and the Bonding scale validated for the Portuguese population (Figueiredo et al., 2005), at three different times (during labour, on the 1st and 3rd days after birth) to 222 parents between November 2010 and January 2011. Results: We found that age (between 25 and 40 years), accompanying the pregnant woman to appointments for pregnancy surveillance, monitoring of the pregnancy in preparation for the birth of the baby, reading information about the developing baby involvement in the pregnancy and cutting the umbilical cord positively influence the emotional bond between father and baby. Conclusion: the results indicate an improvement in the emotional bond between father and baby if health professionals promote fathersinvolvement during pregnancyand childbirth.

João Rui Duarte Farias, Nogueira; Manuela, Ferreira.

2012-12-01

86

O envolvimento do pai na gravidez/parto e a ligação emocional com o bebé / Father’s involvement in pregnancy/childbirth and the emotional bond with the baby / La participación del padre en el embarazo/parto y el vínculo emocional con el bebé  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Enquadramento: a ligação emocional entre pai e filho é determinante na transição para a paternidade e no desenvolvimento do bebé. Objetivos: pretendemos verificar se existe relação entre as variáveis sóciodemográficas, o envolvimento na gravidez ou o corte do cordão umbilical com a ligação emocional [...] do pai com o bebé. Metodologia: efetuámos um estudo transversal, quantitativo de caráter descritivo analítico. Aplicámos um questionário e a escala bonding validada para a população Portuguesa (Figueiredo et al., 2005), em três momentos diferentes (durante o trabalho de parto, no 1º e no 3º dia após o parto) a 222 pais, entre novembro de 2010 e janeiro de 2011. Resultados: verificámos que a idade (entre 25 e 40 anos), o acompanhamento da grávida às consultas de vigilância da gravidez, o acompanhamento da grávida nos preparativos para o nascimento do bebé, a leitura de informação sobre o bebé em desenvolvimento, o envolvimento na gravidez e o corte do cordão umbilical influenciam positivamente a ligação emocional do pai com o bebé. Conclusão: os resultados apontam para uma melhoria na ligação afetiva entre o pai e o bebé se os profissionais de saúde promoverem o envolvimento do pai na gravidez e no parto. Abstract in spanish Marco: el vínculo emocional entre padre e hijo es crucial en la transición hacia la paternidad y el desarrollo del bebé.Objetivos: pretendemos verificar si existe una relación entre las variables sociodemográficas, la participación en el embarazo o el corte del cordón umbilical y el vínculo emociona [...] l entre el padre y el bebé. Metodología: se realizó un estudio transversal, cuantitativo, de corte descriptivo-analítico. Se aplicó un cuestionario y la escala de Bonding validado para la población portuguesa (Figueiredo et al., 2005), en tres momentos diferentes (durante el parto, durante el primer y el tercer día después del parto) a 222 padres, entre noviembre 2010 y enero de 2011. Resultados: se comprobó que la edad (entre 25 y 40 años), el acompañamiento con la mujer embarazada alas citas para la vigilancia del embarazo, el acompañamiento de la mujer embarazada en los preparativos para el nacimiento del bebé, la lectura de información sobre el desarrollo del bebé, la participación en el embarazo y el corte del cordón umbilical influyen positivamente en el vínculo emocional entre el padre y el bebé. Conclusión: los resultados indican una mejora en el vínculo emocional entre el padre y el bebé siempre y cuando los profesionales de la salud promuevan la participación del padre durante el embarazo y el parto. Abstract in english Background: the emotional bond between father and child is crucial in the transition to parenthood and the baby’s development. Objectives: our intention was to verify if there is a relationship between sociodemographic variables, involvement in the pregnancy or cutting the umbilical cord with the em [...] otional bond between father and baby. Methodology: we performed a cross-sectional, quantitative study descriptive and analytical in nature. We administered a questionnaire and the Bonding scale validated for the Portuguese population (Figueiredo et al., 2005), at three different times (during labour, on the 1st and 3rd days after birth) to 222 parents between November 2010 and January 2011. Results: We found that age (between 25 and 40 years), accompanying the pregnant woman to appointments for pregnancy surveillance, monitoring of the pregnancy in preparation for the birth of the baby, reading information about the developing baby involvement in the pregnancy and cutting the umbilical cord positively influence the emotional bond between father and baby. Conclusion: the results indicate an improvement in the emotional bond between father and baby if health professionals promote fathersinvolvement during pregnancyand childbirth.

João Rui Duarte Farias, Nogueira; Manuela, Ferreira.

87

Father-Infant Interaction.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compares the face-to-face interaction of infants with fathers to their interaction with mothers and with strangers. Five infants were videotaped in individual interaction with their mothers, fathers, and unfamiliar adults at weekly intervals from the second week until the infants were 6 months old. Infants were seated in a laboratory…

Yogman, Michael W.; And Others

88

Single Fathers Rearing Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes single fathers rearing children alone following divorce (N=1,136). Findings revealed four primary reasons for the divorce and four broad situations in which the fathers obtained custody. These latter situations often are affected by the mother's desire to relinquish custody. (NRB)

Greif, Geoffrey L.

1985-01-01

89

Human prenatal diagnosis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Advances in the field of prenatal diagnosis have been rapid during the past decade. Moreover, liberal use of birth control methods and restriction of family size have placed greater emphasis on optimum outcome of each pregnancy. There are many prenatal diagnostic techniques of proven value; the risks, including false negatives and false positives, are known. With the rapid proliferation of new and experimental techniques, many disorders are potential diagnosable or even treatable; however, risk factors are unknown and issues relating to quality control have not been resolved. These problems are readily appreciated in the dramatic new techniques involving recombinant DNA, chorion villus sampling, and fetal surgery. Unfortunately, clinicians may not appreciate the difficulties that may also be encountered in the more mundane prenatal diagnostic tests such as ultrasonography or enzymatic testing. The aim of this volume is to clarify and rationalize certain aspects of diagnosis, genetic counseling, and intervention. New and experimental techniques are presented in the light of current knowledge.

Filkins, K.; Russo, J.F.

1985-01-01

90

Fathers, divorce, and their children.  

Science.gov (United States)

To minimize many of the negative consequences of divorce, it is beneficial to support a father's ongoing involvement in his child's life. Although the research literature isn't unequivocal on this point, it does strongly suggest that men who are "visitors" do not have as much impact on their children and that visits are a poor substitute for having a parental figure. The answer lies in creating meaningful roles for noncustodial fathers that elevate men's opportunities to contribute to their children's overall development. One of the most important messages parents can impart to children is that some commitments outlive change and that working together in the child's best interests is one of them. PMID:9894071

Pruett, M K; Pruett, K D

1998-04-01

91

75 FR 35947 - Father's Day, 2010  

Science.gov (United States)

...cannot fill. Across America, foster and adoptive fathers respond to this need, providing safe and loving...in many forms, and children may be raised by a father and mother, a single father, two fathers, a step-father, a...

2010-06-23

92

Exposure to ethanol on prenatal days 19-20 increases ethanol intake and palatability in the infant rat: involvement of kappa and mu opioid receptors.  

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Prenatal exposure to ethanol on gestation Days 19-20, but not 17-18, increases ethanol acceptance in infant rats. This effect seems to be a conditioned response acquired prenatally, mediated by the opioid system, which could be stimulated by ethanol's pharmacological properties (mu-opioid receptors) or by a component of the amniotic fluid from gestation-day 20 (kappa-inducing factor). The latter option was evaluated administering non-ethanol chemosensory stimuli on gestation Days 19-20 and testing postnatal intake and palatability. However, prenatal exposure to anise or vanilla increased neither intake nor palatability of these tastants on postnatal Day 14. In experiment 2, the role of ethanol's pharmacological effect was tested by administering ethanol and selective antagonists of mu and kappa opioid receptors prenatally. Blocking the mu-opioid receptor system completely reversed the effects on intake and palatability, while antagonizing kappa receptors only partially reduced the effects on palatability. This suggests that the pharmacological effect of ethanol on the fetal mu opioid system is the appetitive reinforcer, which induces the prenatally conditioned preference detected in the preweanling period. PMID:24037591

Díaz-Cenzano, Elena; Gaztañaga, Mirari; Gabriela Chotro, M

2014-09-01

93

Father Influences on Employed Mothers' Work-Family Balance  

Science.gov (United States)

This study employed the ecological systems perspective and gender ideology theory to examine the influence of fathers' paid work-family crossover and family involvement on self-reports of work-family balance by employed mothers with children under the age of 13 (N = 179). Multiple regression analyses revealed that fathers' crossover factors had a…

Fagan, Jay; Press, Julie

2008-01-01

94

Transition to fatherhood: modeling the experience of fathers of breastfed infants.  

Science.gov (United States)

Transition to parenthood has long been examined from the angle of mothers' experience. When looked at this transition through fathers' lens, fathers' involvement and perceived parental efficacy appear to be landmarks of this experience. This article examines a model of the relationships among father involvement, perceived parental efficacy, events related to breastfeeding, support, stress, and income with a sample of 164 fathers of breastfed infants. This model highlights the direct and indirect contributions of support and stress to fathers' perceived parenting efficacy and involvement. Possible directions for nursing practice, education, and research are proposed to ease men's transition to fatherhood. PMID:22869215

de Montigny, Francine; Lacharité, Carl; Devault, Annie

2012-01-01

95

Fathers and maternal risk for physical child abuse.  

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This study set out to examine father-related factors predicting maternal physical child abuse risk in a national birth cohort of 1,480 families. In-home and phone interviews were conducted with mothers when index children were 3 years old. Predictor variables included the mother-father relationship status; father demographic, economic, and psychosocial variables; and key background factors. Outcome variables included both observed and self-reported proxies of maternal physical child abuse risk. At the bivariate level, mothers married to fathers were at lower risk for most indicators of maternal physical child abuse. However, after accounting for specific fathering factors and controlling for background variables, multivariate analyses indicated that marriage washed out as a protective factor, and on two of three indicators was linked with greater maternal physical abuse risk. Regarding fathering factors linked with risk, fathers' higher educational attainment and their positive involvement with their children most discernibly predicted lower maternal physical child abuse risk. Fathers' economic factors played no observable role in mothers' risk for physical child maltreatment. Such multivariate findings suggest that marriage per se does not appear to be a protective factor for maternal physical child abuse and rather it may serve as a proxy for other father-related protective factors. PMID:19581432

Guterman, Neil B; Lee, Yookyong; Lee, Shawna J; Waldfogel, Jane; Rathouz, Paul J

2009-08-01

96

Fathers and Maternal Risk for Physical Child Abuse  

Science.gov (United States)

This study set out to examine father-related factors predicting maternal physical child abuse risk in a national birth cohort of 1,480 families. In-home and phone interviews were conducted with mothers when index children were 3 years old. Predictor variables included the mother–father relationship status; father demographic, economic, and psychosocial variables; and key background factors. Outcome variables included both observed and self-reported proxies of maternal physical child abuse risk. At the bivariate level, mothers married to fathers were at lower risk for most indicators of maternal physical child abuse. However, after accounting for specific fathering factors and controlling for background variables, multivariate analyses indicated that marriage washed out as a protective factor, and on two of three indicators was linked with greater maternal physical abuse risk. Regarding fathering factors linked with risk, fathers’ higher educational attainment and their positive involvement with their children most discernibly predicted lower maternal physical child abuse risk. Fathers’ economic factors played no observable role in mothers’ risk for physical child maltreatment. Such multivariate findings suggest that marriage per se does not appear to be a protective factor for maternal physical child abuse and rather it may serve as a proxy for other father-related protective factors. PMID:19581432

Guterman, Neil B.; Lee, Yookyong; Lee, Shawna J.; Waldfogel, Jane; Rathouz, Paul J.

2010-01-01

97

The Effects of Pre- and Postnatal Depression in Fathers: A Natural Experiment Comparing the Effects of Exposure to Depression on Offspring  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Depression in fathers in the postnatal period is associated with an increased risk of behavioural problems in their offspring, particularly for boys. The aim of this study was to examine for differential effects of depression in fathers on children's subsequent psychological functioning via a natural experiment comparing prenatal and…

Ramchandani, Paul G.; O'Connor, Thomas G.; Evans, Jonathan; Heron, Jon; Murray, Lynne; Stein, Alan

2008-01-01

98

Deconstructing the Essential Father.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research on parenting shows that the stability of the emotional connections and the predictability of the caretaking relationship are the significant variables that predict positive child adjustment. Offers social policy recommendations that support men in their fathering role without discriminating against women and same-sex couples. (SLD)

Silverstein, Louise B.; Auerbach, Carl F.

1999-01-01

99

Fathers and Sons.  

Science.gov (United States)

Explores the relationship between fathers and sons in two very different books. Notes that David and Daniel Hays'"My Old Man and the Sea" describes a journey around Cape Horn providing both sailors with a new perspective on their relationship. Considers how Tony Early's "Jim the Boy" takes readers into a happy North Carolina family. (SG)

Moore, John Noell, Ed.

2001-01-01

100

Teen Fathers: An Introduction  

Science.gov (United States)

Data from the National Center for Health Statistics suggests that about 17.4 per 1,000 males ages 15-19 years became teen fathers in 2002. Longitudinal studies suggest this number might be even higher. While the incidence of teen fatherhood is lower than that of teen motherhood, these young men are a potential resource for their child, as well as…

Kimball, Colette

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Prenatal parenthood.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, we discuss the intuitive knowledge mothers have of their unborn baby. We propose a shift in focus from caregivers' merely providing information to first listening to pregnant mothers as they share their intuitive knowledge of their baby. This approach enables mothers and fathers or partners to know they are already parents to their unborn baby and empowers them to get in touch with their baby's presence and who he or she is during pregnancy. This intuitive knowledge may be a protective behavior that will enable mothers to keep babies safe during pregnancy. PMID:22942624

O'Leary, Joann; Warland, Jane; Parker, Lynnda

2011-01-01

102

Group Work with Single Fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article addresses the rapid increase in single father households in the United States. Examines the concerns and counseling needs of single fathers and offers the rationale behind group counseling as a preferred method of treatment for such fathers. Also discussed are components of a psychoeducational group approach. (RJM)

Gregg, Chuck

1994-01-01

103

Fathers' Participation in Parental Leave.  

Science.gov (United States)

Summarized are findings from an investigation of Swedish parents, who were studied to discover barriers to fathers taking time off from work to care for a newborn. Discussion focuses on: (1) fathers' participation in parental leave; (2) parents who take leave, and why; (3) barriers to fathers' participation in parental leave; (4) the potential of…

Haas, Linda

1987-01-01

104

What Do Fathers Contribute to Children's Well-Being? Child Trends Research Brief.  

Science.gov (United States)

As rates of divorce and nonmarital childbearing have increased in recent decades, the percentage of children and fathers who live apart from one another has also increased. Yet our knowledge of how father involvement affects children's well-being in these situations is quite limited, since most research on fathers and children has focused on…

Le Menestrel, Suzanne

105

A novel mutation identified in PKHD1 by targeted exome sequencing: guiding prenatal diagnosis for an ARPKD family.  

Science.gov (United States)

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a rare hereditary renal cystic disease involving multiple organs, mainly the kidney and liver. Parents who had an affected child with ARPKD are in strong demand for an early and reliable prenatal diagnosis to guide the future pregnancies. Here we provide an example of prenatal diagnosis of an ARPKD family where traditional antenatal ultrasound examinations failed to produce conclusive results till 26th week of gestation. Compound heterozygous mutations c.274C>T (p.Arg92Trp) and c.9059T>C (p.Leu3020Pro) were identified using targeted exome sequencing in the patient and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Further, the mother and father were revealed to be carriers of heterozygous c.274C>T and c.9059T>C mutations, respectively. Molecular prenatal diagnosis was performed for the current pregnancy by direct sequencing plus linkage analysis. Two mutations identified in the patient were both found in the fetus. In conclusion, compound heterozygous PKHD1 mutations were elucidated to be the molecular basis of the patient with ARPKD. The newly identified c.9059T>C mutation in the patient expands mutation spectrum in PKHD1 gene. For those ultrasound failed to provide clear diagnosis, we propose the new prenatal diagnosis procedure: first, screening underlying mutations in PKHD1 gene in the proband by targeted exome sequencing; then detecting causative mutations by direct sequencing in the fetal DNA and confirming results by linkage analysis. PMID:25153916

Xu, Yan; Xiao, Bing; Jiang, Wen-Ting; Wang, Lei; Gen, Hong-Quan; Chen, Ying-Wei; Sun, Yu; Ji, Xing

2014-11-01

106

PRENATAL DIAGNOSTICS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pregnancy is an exquisite period of life rich in physical and emotional changes. The beginning of new life is exciting not only for future parents but also for the doctor following and supervising the development and growth of a new human being up to its birth after forty weeks of pregnancy. There are many questions, fears and concerns which rise over and over again during this long but also short period of time. However, the consoling truth is that pregnancy has never been as safe as nowadays. Never before in the history of obstetrics have the babies had so many chances to be born alive and healthy. Unnecessary fears can make pregnancy an upsetting event. To prevent it, pregnant woman should be educated and advised on the possibilities of modern prenatal medicine and directed to choose the best ways of prenatal medicine to solve their dilemmas. The aim of this paper was to help pregnant woman and her doctor to find the appropriate treatment in every single case.

Slavica Loncar

2008-04-01

107

["Disruptive births" and Father representation.].  

Science.gov (United States)

The following reflection deals with Father representations and their evolution after Disruptive births. It is part of a much wider study taking into account the diversity of parents in these medicalized cases in which initial separation is unavoidable. This discontinuous study involves 50 families classified according to the children's neonatal characteristics (very premature birth, premature birth, premature birth with artificial insemination, non-premature birth). The study took place between 1990 and 1994 at Amiens Main Hospital in France (maternity and neonatal departments) in the beginning, and continued in the parent's homes. With its interest in the role of Parental Representations, this study introduces to the medical fields, an additional clinical sense which does not leave to the sole somatic state of the child the burden of the evolution of the mother-child relationship. At this point we discuss solely of the fathers, their trials, and also the resources they can bring to bear in the work of the maternal psyche when they are well supported. PMID:18253594

Delamazière, G; Kremp, O

2001-01-01

108

Effects of Prenatal and Postnatal Parent Depressive Symptoms on Adopted Child HPA Regulation: Independent and Moderated Influences  

Science.gov (United States)

This study used a prospective adoption design to investigate effects of prenatal and postnatal parent depressive symptom exposure on child hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity and associated internalizing symptoms. Birth mother prenatal symptoms and adoptive mother/father postnatal (9-month, 27-month) symptoms were assessed with the Beck…

Laurent, Heidemarie K.; Leve, Leslie D.; Neiderhiser, Jenae M.; Natsuaki, Misaki N.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Harold, Gordon T.; Reiss, David

2013-01-01

109

Southeast Asian Fathers’ Experiences with Adolescents: Challenges and Change  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to examine the fathering experiences of Southeast Asian immigrant men who are parenting their adolescent children in the United States. Focus group discussions were conducted with twenty-two Cambodian, Hmong, Lao, and Vietnamese immigrant fathers. The study found that most fathers wanted to become closer to their children and be more involved in their children’s daily activities. Common fathering roles such as the family provider, teacher, supervisor, and disciplinarian also emerged from the analyses. Parent educators, social service providers, policy makers, and practitioners who work with Southeast Asian families should understand the complex and critical roles of fathers and includethem when designing, developing, and delivering programs and services for families.

Daniel F. Detzner

2006-01-01

110

Preparing fathers for the transition to parenthood: recommendations for the content of antenatal education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fathers now provide more care for their babies and children than they have in the past, and a large body of evidence supports the important role that father involvement plays in determining child and family outcomes. Fathers have also become the primary source of informal support for most mothers and it is now customary for fathers to attend antenatal education in this supporting role. However, many fathers remain unprepared for their personal transition to parenthood and this has important implications for all of the family. Antenatal education is likely to be more effective for fathers when it addresses fathers' needs but the literature is unclear about what fathers need to know. This paper presents evidence-based recommendations for core subject matter to be addressed when preparing men for the important challenges of new fatherhood. PMID:23159162

May, Chris; Fletcher, Richard

2013-05-01

111

Supporting fathering through infant massage.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fathers may feel dissatisfied with their ability to form a close attachment with their infants in the early postpartum period, which, in turn, may increase their parent-related stress. Our study sought to determine if an infant massage intervention assisted fathers with decreasing stress and increasing bonding with their infants during this time. To address the complex father-infant relationship, we conducted a pilot study using a mixed methodology approach. Twelve infant-father dyads participated in the intervention, and 12 infant-father dyads populated a wait-list control group. Paternal stress was measured using the Parenting Stress Index at baseline and at postintervention. We found infant massage instruction significantly decreased paternal stress. Our findings were also supported by the qualitative data and suggest fathers may benefit from applied postnatal education. PMID:22942622

Cheng, Carolynn Darrell; Volk, Anthony A; Marini, Zopito A

2011-01-01

112

O impacto da interrupção da gravidez por mal formação congénita: a perspectiva do pai / The interruption of pregnancy due to congenital malformation: the father`s perspective  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os avanços das técnicas de diagnóstico pré-natal, tornaram possível a identificação de alguns problemas de saúde do feto in-útero, e a determinação do risco da sua ocorrência, deixando aos pais a liberdade e responsabilidade de decidir acerca da saúde do feto, muito antes do seu nascimento. A comple [...] xidade de tais decisões coloca os casais numa encruzilhada, em que qualquer dos caminhos escolhidos marcará as suas vidas. As vivências do progenitor masculino têm sido quase ignoradas pelos investigadores, pelo que a experiência do pai continua a ser muito pouco conhecida. O presente estudo pretende conhecer e compreender os significados atribuídos pelo Pai à experiência de interrupção da gravidez, por anomalia fetal. Para isso recorremos a uma metodologia qualitativa (Grounded Theory). A amostra é constituída por 12 homens cujas esposas interromperam a gravidez no serviço de obstetrícia do Hospital S. Marcos em Braga. Os resultados apontam a interrupção de gravidez por malformação congénita, como uma experiência emocionalmente intensa, com um intenso envolvimento dos pais ao longo do processo. A tomada de decisão representou a confrontação de dúvidas e incertezas, de sentimentos ambivalentes e de dilemas morais, como consequência do investimento na gravidez e da relação afectiva que já existia com o feto. Os pais tendem a desvalorizar os seus sentimentos e as suas necessidades de apoio, centrando as suas preocupações na companheira. Os profissionais de saúde, na opinião dos pais, não só demonstram pouca sensibilidade face aos seus sentimentos e necessidades como constituem um obstáculo ao envolvimento do pai ao longo do processo. A partilha desta experiência com a esposa e o apoio mútuo entre o casal fortaleceu a relação. Os projectos de nova gravidez evidenciam a busca de um novo sentido de vida para estes pais. Estes resultados enfatizam a necessidade de um olhar mais atento sobre o impacto que este acontecimento tem na vida do pai e da importância dos profissionais de saúde neste processo. Abstract in english The development of prenatal diagnosis techniques have made possible the identification of some health problems in the inborn baby and the determination of the risk of such occurrence, leaving parents with the choice and responsibility of deciding about the fetus’ health long before the birth. The co [...] mplexity of such decisions places the couple in a crossroad and any of the chosen roads will impact their lives forever. The father´ s experience has been neglected by researchers and, as a result, their experience is not well known. This study aims to understand the meanings fathers give to the pregnancy interruption, due to congenital malformation, of their baby. A qualitative analysis was used (grounded theory). The sample includes 12 men whose wives terminated their pregnancy in the obstetric service of S. Marcos Hospital in Braga. Results show that pregnancy interruption due to congenital malformation is a very intense emotional experience, with a great involvement of fathers during the entire process. The decision making process required a confrontation of doubts and uncertainties, ambivalent feelings and moral dilemmas, as a consequence of the investment on the pregnancy and the emotional relationship that was already established with the baby. Fathers tend not to value their need for support, and centred all their worries on their mates. Health professionals, in their opinion, show low sensibility towards their feelings and needs and are seen as barriers to their involvement through the process. Sharing their experience with their mates and mutual support between the couple strengthen the marital relationship. The project of a new pregnancy revealed the search for a new meaning in these fathers’ lives. These results show the need to look in depth into the impact of this life event on the father´ s life and the role of health professionals in the process.

Lucília, Sousa; M. Graça, Pereira.

113

75 FR 7628 - Founding Fathers Advisory Committee  

Science.gov (United States)

...NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Founding Fathers Advisory Committee AGENCY: National...determined that the establishment of the Founding Fathers Advisory Committee is necessary...United States on the progress of the Founding Fathers editorial projects funded...

2010-02-22

114

77 FR 5578 - Founding Fathers Advisory Committee  

Science.gov (United States)

...NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Founding Fathers Advisory Committee AGENCY: National...Administration (NARA) announces a meeting of the Founding Fathers Advisory Committee. The Committee...United States on the progress of the Founding Fathers editorial projects funded...

2012-02-03

115

Demythologizing the Mexican American Father  

Science.gov (United States)

This review presents recent studies on Mexican American fathers in the United Sates to provide researchers with an understanding of contemporary fatherhood of Mexican American individuals. It describes the myths that create methodological and conceptual problems in conducting research studies to characterize Mexican American fathers. It also…

Saracho, Olivia N.; Spodek, Bernard

2008-01-01

116

Postdivorce Father-Adolescent Closeness  

Science.gov (United States)

Research indicates that closeness of the father-child bond following parental divorce is associated with better outcomes for children and adolescents. Unlike other investigations, this study takes a long-term developmental approach to understanding stability and change in postdivorce father-adolescent relationship closeness. Drawing on Add Health…

Scott, Mindy E.; Booth, Alan; King, Valarie; Johnson, David R.

2007-01-01

117

The impact of paternity leave on fathers' future earnings.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using Norwegian registry data, we investigate the effect of paternity leave on fathers' long-term earnings. If the paternity leave increased long-term father involvement, then we should expect a reduction in fathers' long-term earnings as they shift time and effort from market to home production. For identification, we use the Norwegian introduction of a paternity-leave quota in 1993, reserving four weeks of the total of 42 weeks of paid parental leave exclusively for the father. The introduction of the paternity-leave quota led to a sharp increase in rates of leave-taking for fathers. We estimate a difference-in-differences model that exploits differences in fathers' exposure to the paternity-leave quota by the child's age and year of observation. Our analysis suggests that four weeks of paternity leave during the child's first year decreases fathers' future earnings, an effect that persists through our last point of observation, when the child is 5 years old. A battery of robustness tests supports our results. PMID:24135861

Rege, Mari; Solli, Ingeborg F

2013-12-01

118

FATHER, SOCIAL BOND AND WOMEN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available On the cross-point of two of the most important and inseparable Freudian questions: What is a father?and, What a woman wants?, this paper begins a reflection about the women’s place in the Freudianarticulation of the relationship between the father and the social bond. In fact, the Freudian father, thanksto the law mediation which he is its agent, has as a function the regulation of the pleasure that participatesin the social bond, making this way possible the human community. On the other hand, the support ofthe human community is the bond among brothers, as well as Freud presents it in his foundational textof the Law. How to precise the women’s place in this arrangement? The reflection stands out this thatexceeds the Father’s Law and that Freud sets on women’s account, initially under the figure of heropposition to the culture.

SYLVIA DE CASTRO KORGI

2006-05-01

119

O envolvimento paterno e o desenvolvimento social de crianças iniciando as atividades escolares / Father involvement and the social development of children in the school-entry transition stage / La participación paterna y el desarrollo social de niños iniciando las actividades escolares  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este estudo relacionou indicadores do envolvimento paterno com indicadores de desenvolvimento social dos filhos. Participaram 97 pares de pais e mães (com filhos na 1ª ou 2ª série) e 20 professoras. Para avaliar o envolvimento paterno, pais e mães responderam à Avaliação do bem-estar pessoal e famil [...] iar e do relacionamento pai-filho - Versão Paterna, e para avaliar o desenvolvimento social das crianças, os pais, as mães e as professoras preencheram o Social Skills Rating System-SSRS. Quanto maior a freqüência de comunicação entre pai e filho e de participação do pai nos cuidados e nas atividades escolares, culturais e de lazer do filho, menor o índice de hiperatividade e de problemas de comportamento e mais adequado o repertório de habilidades sociais das crianças. Os resultados indicam a provável importância do envolvimento positivo do pai para o desenvolvimento social dos filhos e os prováveis benefícios de programas para promover envolvimento paterno. Abstract in spanish En este estudio se han relacionado indicadores de la participación paterna con los de desarrollo social de los hijos y participaron 97 padres y madres (con hijos en el primero o en el segundo grado) y 20 profesoras. Para evaluar la participación paterna, padres y madres respondieron a la Evaluación [...] del bienestar personal y familiar y del reracionamiento padre-hijo - Versión Paterna y para evaluar el desarrollo social de los niños, padres, madres y profesoras completaron el Social Skills Rating System-SSRS. Cuanto mayor es la frecuencia de comunicación entre padre e hijo, de la participación del padre en los cuidados y en las actividades escolares, culturales y de ocio del hijo, menor es el índice de hiperactividad, problemas de comportamiento y mayor es el repertorio de destrezas sociales de los niños. Los resultados indican la probable importancia de la participación positiva del padre para el desarrollo social de los hijos. Abstract in english This study aimed to examine the relationships between indicators of parental involvement and their children’s social and included 97 father-mother pairs (parents of children in the first or second grade), and 20 teachers. To evaluate father involvement, fathers and mothers completed an Evaluation of [...] personal and family wellbeing and the parent-child relationship - Fathering Version, and to evaluate the children’s social development, the mothers, fathers and teachers completed the Social Skills Rating System-SSRS. The results indicate that more frequent: communication between father and child, paternal participation in child caregiving and in the child’s school, cultural and leisure activities are each associated with indicators of lower hyperactivity, fewer behavior problems and a wider repertoire of appropriate social skills. These results point to the importance of the constructive involvement of fathers for their children’s social development and the likely benefits of programs to promote father involvement.

Fabiana, Cia; Elizabeth Joan, Barham.

120

O envolvimento paterno e o desenvolvimento social de crianças iniciando as atividades escolares La participación paterna y el desarrollo social de niños iniciando las actividades escolares Father involvement and the social development of children in the school-entry transition stage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este estudo relacionou indicadores do envolvimento paterno com indicadores de desenvolvimento social dos filhos. Participaram 97 pares de pais e mães (com filhos na 1ª ou 2ª série e 20 professoras. Para avaliar o envolvimento paterno, pais e mães responderam à Avaliação do bem-estar pessoal e familiar e do relacionamento pai-filho - Versão Paterna, e para avaliar o desenvolvimento social das crianças, os pais, as mães e as professoras preencheram o Social Skills Rating System-SSRS. Quanto maior a freqüência de comunicação entre pai e filho e de participação do pai nos cuidados e nas atividades escolares, culturais e de lazer do filho, menor o índice de hiperatividade e de problemas de comportamento e mais adequado o repertório de habilidades sociais das crianças. Os resultados indicam a provável importância do envolvimento positivo do pai para o desenvolvimento social dos filhos e os prováveis benefícios de programas para promover envolvimento paterno.En este estudio se han relacionado indicadores de la participación paterna con los de desarrollo social de los hijos y participaron 97 padres y madres (con hijos en el primero o en el segundo grado y 20 profesoras. Para evaluar la participación paterna, padres y madres respondieron a la Evaluación del bienestar personal y familiar y del reracionamiento padre-hijo - Versión Paterna y para evaluar el desarrollo social de los niños, padres, madres y profesoras completaron el Social Skills Rating System-SSRS. Cuanto mayor es la frecuencia de comunicación entre padre e hijo, de la participación del padre en los cuidados y en las actividades escolares, culturales y de ocio del hijo, menor es el índice de hiperactividad, problemas de comportamiento y mayor es el repertorio de destrezas sociales de los niños. Los resultados indican la probable importancia de la participación positiva del padre para el desarrollo social de los hijos.This study aimed to examine the relationships between indicators of parental involvement and their children’s social and included 97 father-mother pairs (parents of children in the first or second grade, and 20 teachers. To evaluate father involvement, fathers and mothers completed an Evaluation of personal and family wellbeing and the parent-child relationship - Fathering Version, and to evaluate the children’s social development, the mothers, fathers and teachers completed the Social Skills Rating System-SSRS. The results indicate that more frequent: communication between father and child, paternal participation in child caregiving and in the child’s school, cultural and leisure activities are each associated with indicators of lower hyperactivity, fewer behavior problems and a wider repertoire of appropriate social skills. These results point to the importance of the constructive involvement of fathers for their children’s social development and the likely benefits of programs to promote father involvement.

Fabiana Cia

2009-03-01

 
 
 
 
121

O envolvimento paterno e o desenvolvimento social de crianças iniciando as atividades escolares / Father involvement and the social development of children in the school-entry transition stage / La participación paterna y el desarrollo social de niños iniciando las actividades escolares  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este estudo relacionou indicadores do envolvimento paterno com indicadores de desenvolvimento social dos filhos. Participaram 97 pares de pais e mães (com filhos na 1ª ou 2ª série) e 20 professoras. Para avaliar o envolvimento paterno, pais e mães responderam à Avaliação do bem-estar pessoal e famil [...] iar e do relacionamento pai-filho - Versão Paterna, e para avaliar o desenvolvimento social das crianças, os pais, as mães e as professoras preencheram o Social Skills Rating System-SSRS. Quanto maior a freqüência de comunicação entre pai e filho e de participação do pai nos cuidados e nas atividades escolares, culturais e de lazer do filho, menor o índice de hiperatividade e de problemas de comportamento e mais adequado o repertório de habilidades sociais das crianças. Os resultados indicam a provável importância do envolvimento positivo do pai para o desenvolvimento social dos filhos e os prováveis benefícios de programas para promover envolvimento paterno. Abstract in spanish En este estudio se han relacionado indicadores de la participación paterna con los de desarrollo social de los hijos y participaron 97 padres y madres (con hijos en el primero o en el segundo grado) y 20 profesoras. Para evaluar la participación paterna, padres y madres respondieron a la Evaluación [...] del bienestar personal y familiar y del reracionamiento padre-hijo - Versión Paterna y para evaluar el desarrollo social de los niños, padres, madres y profesoras completaron el Social Skills Rating System-SSRS. Cuanto mayor es la frecuencia de comunicación entre padre e hijo, de la participación del padre en los cuidados y en las actividades escolares, culturales y de ocio del hijo, menor es el índice de hiperactividad, problemas de comportamiento y mayor es el repertorio de destrezas sociales de los niños. Los resultados indican la probable importancia de la participación positiva del padre para el desarrollo social de los hijos. Abstract in english This study aimed to examine the relationships between indicators of parental involvement and their children’s social and included 97 father-mother pairs (parents of children in the first or second grade), and 20 teachers. To evaluate father involvement, fathers and mothers completed an Evaluation of [...] personal and family wellbeing and the parent-child relationship - Fathering Version, and to evaluate the children’s social development, the mothers, fathers and teachers completed the Social Skills Rating System-SSRS. The results indicate that more frequent: communication between father and child, paternal participation in child caregiving and in the child’s school, cultural and leisure activities are each associated with indicators of lower hyperactivity, fewer behavior problems and a wider repertoire of appropriate social skills. These results point to the importance of the constructive involvement of fathers for their children’s social development and the likely benefits of programs to promote father involvement.

Fabiana, Cia; Elizabeth Joan, Barham.

2009-03-01

122

Fathers' integration in Quebec's perinatal and early childhood public policies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mothers' physical and mental health, as well as their socio-economic status, are currently acknowledged as determining factors in the health and development of young children in Quebec. It is thus not surprising to find that the majority of government perinatal and early childhood initiatives are directed toward mothers. Yet, fathers today are increasingly involved in the care and education of their children, and scientific studies have shown that their involvement is just as crucial as that of mothers. It is recognized that a father's involvement optimizes the physical, cognitive, affective and social development of his children. The purpose of this text is to examine how fathers are taken into account in two public perinatal and early childhood policies. It has been found that fathers are virtually absent from Quebec government's objectives and orientations, and when they do appear, no concrete means are offered to reach them. Considering that health care workers have difficulty offering truly inclusive services to fathers, recommendations with regard to inclusion of fathers in public policies are necessary in order to optimize the health of children and their families. PMID:24735694

St-Arneault, Kate; De Montigny, Francine; Villeneuve, Raymond

2014-01-01

123

Founding Fathers Info Guide  

Science.gov (United States)

Created and maintained by Chris Whitten, this site is devoted to telling the story of the United States during its first few decades of existence, with a special emphasis on the lives of the American Presidents during this period. Different sections of the site contain photo galleries (primarily consisting of portraits), a history of the American flag, quotations from the founding fathers, and a few lists of suggested books for further exploration. Perhaps one of the strongest features of this site is an online version of the complete Federalist Papers, along with links to other important documents, such as the Bill of Rights and the Constitution. Overall, this site is a good introduction to some of the documents and persons associated with the early history of the republic, and a good learning tool for younger students.

2001-01-01

124

Support and encouragement of the father in breastfeeding: bibliographic study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The participation of the father in the breastfeeding must be culturally assimilated by health professionals and by the society. This is a bibliographical descriptive and documentary study, aims to present the theoretical production in relation to the father's involvement breastfeeding in and public policy. The collected data was from 1992 to 2006 and the sources for collection were LILACS; SCIELO; MEDLINE; ADOLEC and BDEN from the Health Virtual Library– BIREME in September 2007 with the keywords: Paternity, Breastfeeding and Public Policies. Among the 140 studies found, one, published in a international magazine recommended other directions in research and Public Policies to encourage the father’s involvement. We  hope that this research offers reflections and changes in the practice of nurses to take care/care in maternal and child attention in which the father is included as a participant in breastfeeding and in the mother’s and child care. Urge activities and publications to recognize the father in this process.

Rita Maria Viana Rêgo

2009-04-01

125

Fatherhood intervention development in collaboration with African American non-resident fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Because interventions developed in partnership with African American fathers not residing with their children are virtually non-existent, existing interventions fail to address the multiple factors that constrain these fathers' positive involvement with their children. We developed a videotape fatherhood intervention: Building Bridges to Fatherhood. In collaboration with a Fathers Advisory Council composed of 12 African American fathers, we used Aranda's framework for community-based nursing intervention development to design the intervention. Data from 13 focus group meetings show Advisory Council members' insights on program structure and content, fathers' commitment to their children and communities, and the benefits they garnered from Council participation. The implications for involving fathers in intervention development include using relevant language, vernacular, and interpersonal interactions. PMID:22685066

Julion, Wrenetha A; Breitenstein, Susan M; Waddell, Donald

2012-10-01

126

Using video feedback to improve early father-infant interaction: a pilot study.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Preventive interventions with parents of infants have tended to focus on mothers. Recent research focused on fathers suggests that their involvement in interventions might enhance effectiveness. One effective approach with mothers is the brief, home-based Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting (VIPP). This paper is a report of a pilot study of VIPP with fathers to assess its feasibility. Five fathers were recruited from an existing longitudinal study of parents. The primary...

Lawrence, Pj; Davies, B.; Ramchandani, Pg

2013-01-01

127

Temperamental precursors of infant attachment with mothers and fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

The degree to which parent sensitivity and infant temperament distinguish attachment classification was examined. Multilevel modeling was used to assess the effect of parent sensitivity and infant temperament on infant-mother and infant-father attachment. Data were collected from mothers, fathers, and their infants (N = 135) when the infant was 3-, 5-, 7-, 12-, and 14-months old. Temperament was measured using the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (Gartstein & Rothbart, 2003); parent sensitivity was coded during the Still Face Paradigm (Tronick, Als, Adamson, Wise, & Brazelton, 1978); attachment was coded using the Strange Situation (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978). Results indicate that mothers and fathers were less sensitive with insecure-avoidant infants. Whereas only one difference was found for infant-mother attachment groups and temperament, five significant differences emerged for infant-father attachment groups, with the majority involving insecure-ambivalent attachment. Infants classified as ambivalent with fathers were higher in perceptual sensitivity and cuddliness and these infants also showed a greater increase in low-intensity pleasure over time compared with other infants. Results indicate the importance of both parent sensitivity and infant temperament, though operating in somewhat different ways, in the development of the infant-mother and infant-father attachment relationship. PMID:24103401

Planalp, Elizabeth M; Braungart-Rieker, Julia M

2013-12-01

128

Single custodial fathers and the parent-child relationship.  

Science.gov (United States)

This exploratory study was designed to investigate the relationship between selected background characteristics of single fathers and the quality of existing parent-child relationships, to see if background characteristics could be used to predict father-child nurturance. Correlations between the social class of the fathers and the history of their relations with their own fathers were not statistically significant. However, the reason for their having custody of their children (seeking it or assenting to it) appears to be worth further investigation. The results of this study have ramifications for nursing. Nursing educators need to acknowledge the advent of the single-family structure (as well as other alternative family configurations different from the traditional nuclear family) when planning the curriculum for nursing students. The increasing involvement and importance of the male as a parent must be given due consideration. Married fathers and single fathers (with or without custody) can and do play an important role in the lives of their children. Let us not lose sight of this important member of the parenting team. PMID:6909726

Hanson, S

1981-01-01

129

Fathers' behaviors and children's psychopathology.  

Science.gov (United States)

The psychological literature on how fathers' behaviors may be related to children's psychopathology has grown substantially in the last three decades. This growth is the result of research asking the following three overarching questions: (1) what is the association between family structure, and particularly biological fathers' non-residence, and children's psychopathology, (2) what is the association between fathers' parenting and children's psychopathology, and (3) what is the association between fathers' psychopathology and children's psychopathology. The three broad theoretical perspectives relevant to this literature are the standard family environment model, the passive genetic model, and the child effects model. The evidence from studies comparing the first two models seems to suggest that the origin of the association between parental divorce and children's emotional and behavioral problems is largely shared environmental in origin, as is the association between resident fathers' parenting and children's emotional and behavioral problems, according to studies comparing the standard family environment model with the child effects model. However, research needs to compare appropriately all theoretical perspectives. The paper discusses this, and also points to the importance of considering theory-driven specificity in modeling effects. PMID:20149945

Flouri, Eirini

2010-04-01

130

Low-Income Single Fathers in an African American Community and the Requirements of Welfare Reforms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the impact of state welfare reform policies on the parental involvement of low-income single African American fathers participating in a community-based parenting program (N=40). Results show that welfare policies gave precedence to child support /providing and dismissed fathers' in-kind caregiving. (Author/MKA)

Roy, Kevin

1999-01-01

131

Sex-Role Development and Father-Absence: Comparing Meta-Analyses.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports the results of meta-analysis of the literature addressing the effects of father-absence on both male and female sex-role development. Considering both published and unpublished papers, the analysis involved 33 studies of males and 16 studies of females which become available between 1958 and 1982 and which studied father-absence…

Stevenson, Michael R.; Black, Kathryn N.

132

Single-Parent Fathers: A New Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports on a study of single-parent fathers who are rearing their young children after marital separation. Discusses what fathers do for and with their children and how being a single parent affects work responsibilities and lifestyle. (BR)

Finkelstein, Keshet; Rosenthal, Kristine M.

1978-01-01

133

Restoring Fathers to Families and Communities: Six Steps for Policymakers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This guide lays out a detailed six-step strategy for promoting father involvement, especially among low-income, unwed men. Each of the six steps includes a menu of policy options from which policymakers can choose. Each step also includes detailed examples of what states, communities, and nonprofits nationwide are doing to promote responsible…

Sylvester, Kathleen; Reich, Kathy

134

Using video feedback to improve early father-infant interaction: a pilot study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Preventive interventions with parents of infants have tended to focus on mothers. Recent research focused on fathers suggests that their involvement in interventions might enhance effectiveness. One effective approach with mothers is the brief, home-based Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting (VIPP). This paper is a report of a pilot study of VIPP with fathers to assess its feasibility. Five fathers were recruited from an existing longitudinal study of parents. The primary outcome was acceptability, assessed using a semi-structured questionnaire after completion of the intervention. All fathers completed all sessions of the intervention. Fathers rated the intervention as having had a significant impact on their understanding of their child's thoughts and feelings, and as having improved their communication and relationship with their baby. Fathers' feedback was generally positive. The flexibility to conduct sessions at home (or at fathers' places of work) and the flexible timing of sessions were identified as fundamental to successful delivery. The results of this pilot study are encouraging, as VIPP with fathers was feasible. In light of the modest sample size, and the use of a non-clinical sample, the intervention must be evaluated with larger, clinical samples to evaluate its efficacy with fathers. PMID:22434935

Lawrence, Peter J; Davies, Beverley; Ramchandani, Paul G

2013-01-01

135

Father-Child Transmission of Antisocial Behavior: The Moderating Role of Father's Presence in the Home  

Science.gov (United States)

The effect of father's presence in the home on the child's antisocial behavior is studied to determine whether the father's presence may moderate the relationship between father and child antisociality. Results suggest that the presence of the father appears to provide some environmental influence that leads to increased child antisocial behavior.

Blazei, Ryan W.; Iacono, William G.; McGue, Matt

2008-01-01

136

77 FR 37259 - Father's Day, 2012  

Science.gov (United States)

...Proclamation 8839 of June 15, 2012 Father's Day, 2012 By the President...life's greatest callings--parenthood. Morning, noon, and night...through small daily acts. On Father's Day, we honor the men...horizons. For many of us, our fathers show us by the example...

2012-06-21

137

76 FR 36853 - Father's Day, 2011  

Science.gov (United States)

...Proclamation 8690--Father's Day, 2011 Presidential...Proclamation 8690 of June 17, 2011 Father's Day, 2011 By the President...States of America A Proclamation Parenthood is the ultimate gift and an...responsibility. Every day, fathers across our country give...

2011-06-22

138

Fathers and Parental Leave: Attitudes and Experiences.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined parental leave-taking behaviors and attitudes of 550 men whose wives/partners were pregnant. Fathers' mean length of leave time was five days; 91% of fathers took some leave. Employer's policy regarding length of leave was significant predictor of length of leave taken. Fathers holding egalitarian sex role attitudes and high in family…

Hyde, Janet Shibley; And Others

1993-01-01

139

The expectations of fathers concerning care provided by midwives to the mothers during labour  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Midwives have been criticised for neglecting the expectations and needs of fathers. They either ignore the fathers or pressure them into becoming more involved than they would choose, if allowed to provide support to the mothers during labour. Whilst midwives are providing woman-centred care, it is important that they remember to involve the fathers in decision-making and to acknowledge their role, expectations and needs, because the birth of a child is one of the most important events in a p...

Nolte, Anna G. W.; Sengane, Malmsey L. M.

2012-01-01

140

Surrogacy commissioning fathers and HIV  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Surrogacy is not regulated by a single legal instrument only, nor is confirmation of a surrogacy agreement by the High Court an unqualified green light for the surrogacy process to proceed. In the context of the HIV status of the commissioning father, whose gametes are to be used for the conception [...] of the child in pursuance of a surrogacy agreement, the intended in vitro fertilisation of the surrogate mother may only take place on condition that the commissioning father, and his semen, have been tested for HIV; that he has consented to his HIV status being made available to the surrogate mother, and if he is HIV-positive, that sperm washing will be used to minimise the risk of infection and that the surrogate mother has been informed of his HIV status, and given her informed consent.

D W, Jordaan.

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

La atención prenatal en la ciudad fronteriza de Tijuana, México Prenatal care in the border city of Tijuana, Mexico  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El presente estudio se diseñó con el fin de conocer las condiciones en las que se realiza el control prenatal en la ciudad fronteriza de Tijuana, Baja California, México y de estudiar las posibles asociaciones entre ese tipo de atención y el resultado neonatal en términos de peso al nacer, estado de salud del neonato y prematuridad. Se seleccionaron siete hospitales que atienden a personas de diferentes estratos socioeconómicos y entre diciembre de 1993 y marzo de 1994 se entrevistó en ellos a 279 mujeres que cursaban las primeras 24 a 48 horas del puerperio. En la entrevista se recogieron datos sobre nivel socioeconómico; conceptos, actitudes y prácticas de las madres respecto de la salud obstétrica; percepción materna de acceso a los servicios de atención prenatal; calidad de las consultas de control prenatal (evaluada según la realización de pruebas de sangre y orina y la medición de la tensión arterial y del peso; y antecedentes ginecobstétricos y de salud de la madre. Se elaboró una base de datos con el paquete estadístico SPSS y se exploraron posibles asociaciones entre la atención prenatal como variable independiente y las diferentes variables dependientes mediante tablas de contingencia y la prueba de Fisher de dos colas.This study was intended to explore the conditions under which prenatal care is delivered in the border city of Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, and to assess the possible associations between that care and neonatal results in terms of birthweight, health of the neonate, and prematurity. Seven hospitals serving persons from different socioeconomic strata were chosen, and between December 1993 and March 1994 interviews were conducted with 279 women who were in the first 24 to 48 hours of puerperium. During the interviews data were collected on socioeconomic level; the mothers' knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning obstetric health; the mothers' perceptions of access to prenatal care; the quality of prenatal care visits (evaluated in terms of having blood and urine tested and weight and blood pressure measured; and the gynecological and obstetric and health history of the mother. A database was created using the SPSS statistics software package. Possible associations were explored, with prenatal care as the independent variable and various dependent variables, by means of contingency tables and a two-tailed Fisher's exact test. None of the neonates was premature, ill, or had a birthweight of 3 000 g. A significant (P < 0.00038 relationship was found between a lack of prenatal care and low birthweight. In addition, a lack of prenatal care was associated with: low family income; the mother's financial dependence on the father; the mother being in an unmarried relationship; little communication with the partner; having no medical insurance; an unwanted pregnancy; and giving delivery at the General Hospital. Out of the total sample of 279 women, 15 (5.4% had received no prenatal care. None of these 15 women reported they had encountered difficulties that prevented them from obtaining prenatal care, but only 7 of those women answered that question. The prenatal care was of good quality in 190 of the cases (68%. Both the number and the timing of the prenatal visits were adequate in 142 of the cases (50%. The mother's having worked during pregnancy or before had a positive predictive value in terms of utilization of prenatal care services. Additional studies are needed to evaluate the possible relationship between domestic violence and the lack of prenatal care or a delay in seeking such care.

M. Ramírez-Zetina

2000-02-01

142

Fathering and Adolescent Adjustment: Variations by Family Structure and Ethnic Background  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study investigated how fathering behaviors (acceptance, rejection, monitoring, consistent discipline, and involvement) are related to preadolescent adjustment in Mexican American and European American stepfamilies and intact families. Cross-sectional data from 393 7th graders, their schoolteachers, and parents were used to examine links between different dimensions of fathering and adolescent outcomes. Following an ecological multivariate model, family SES, marital satisfaction, and mothers’ parenting were included as controls. In all contexts, fathering had significant effects on adolescent adjustment. Both mothers’ parenting and adolescent gender moderated the associations, and we uncovered some provocative nonlinear relations between fathering and adolescent outcomes. The importance of ethnicity and family structure in studies of fathering are highlighted. PMID:24235877

Leidy, Melinda S.; Schofield, Thomas J.; Miller, Marie A.; Parke, Ross D.; Coltrane, Scott; Braver, Sanford; Cookston, Jeffrey; Fabricius, William; Saenz, Delia; Adams, Michele

2013-01-01

143

Patterns and predictors of growth in divorced fathers' health status and substance use.  

Science.gov (United States)

Health status and substance use trajectories are described over 18 months for a county sample of 230 divorced fathers of young children aged 4 to 11. One third of the sample was clinically depressed. Health problems, drinking, and hard drug use were stable over time for the sample, whereas depression, smoking, and marijuana use exhibited overall mean reductions. Variance components revealed significant individual differences in average levels and trajectories for health and substance use outcomes. Controlling for fathers' antisociality, negative life events, and social support, fathering identity predicted reductions in health-related problems and marijuana use. Father involvement reduced drinking and marijuana use. Antisociality was the strongest risk factor for health and substance use outcomes. Implications for application of a generative fathering perspective in practice and preventive interventions are discussed. PMID:19477763

DeGarmo, David S; Reid, John B; Leve, Leslie D; Chamberlain, Patricia; Knutson, John F

2010-03-01

144

Perception of fathers as for their involvement in activities with their children / A percepção dos pais frente ao seu envolvimento nas atividades com o(s) filho(s) / La percepción de los padres en su compromiso en las actividades con su(s) hijo(s)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Trata-se de um estudo descritivo exploratório com abordagem quantitativa, que buscou identificar a percepção do pai em relação à importância das necessidades do(s) filho(s); as estratégias utilizadas pelo pai para aproximar-se do(s) filho(s); analisar a influência das tarefas domésticas e da educaçã [...] o do(s) filho(s) na vida do pai. Os sujeitos foram 92 homens com filhos de idade até seis anos, residentes na cidade de Rio Grande, RS. Os resultados apontaram um pai mais participativo nas atividades com os filhos, que valoriza a confiança, a segurança e a proximidade com a família como principais necessidades da criança, e que priorizaram os progressos dos filhos bem como a atenção para ouvir e conversar. A educação dos filhos não agrega mais problemas do que imaginavam, permitindo-lhes planejar a vida como gostariam. Esses achados mostram que, na amostra estudada, o pai está conseguindo desenvolver ações mais afetivas e direcionadas para o envolvimento com o(s) filho(s). Abstract in spanish Es un estudio descriptivo exploratorio con abordaje cuantitativo buscando identificar la percepción del padre con relación a la importancia de las necesidades de su(s) hijo(s); las estrategias utilizadas por el padre para aproximarse del hijo y analizar la influencia de tareas domésticas y educación [...] del hijo en la vida del padre. Los sujetos fueron 92 hombres con hijos de edades hasta seis años, residiendo en Rio Grande/RS. Los resultados apuntaron un padre más participativo en actividades con sus hijos, valorando confianza, seguridad y proximidad con la familia como principales necesidades para el niño, y priorizaron los progresos del hijo bien como atención para oír y conversar. La educación de los hijos no agrega más problemas que lo imaginado, consiguiendo planear la vida como les gustaría. Estos hallazgos muestran que, en la muestra estudiada, el padre está consiguiendo desarrollar acciones más afectivas y dirigidas a la participación con su(s) hijo(s). Abstract in english This is an exploratory, descriptive study with a quantitative approach and the aim to identify the perception of fathers regarding their children's needs; strategies used by fathers to get closer to their children as well as to analyze the influence of household chores and children's education in th [...] eir fathers' lives. Study subjects were 92 men with six-year-old children, residing in the city of Rio Grande, state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS). The results revealed fathers who are more engaged in activities with their children, valuing confidence, safety, as well as proximity to family as children's main needs, having prioritized the progress children make as well as attention to listening and conversation. Children's education does not aggregate more problems than they imagined, managing to plan life the way they seek to. These findings show that, in the sample studied, fathers have been able to develop more affectionate actions aimed at being more involved with their children.

Mara Regina Santos da, SILVA; Maria Emilia Nunes, BUENO; Juliane Portella, RIBEIRO.

2014-03-01

145

Do marriage problems affect fathering more than mothering? A quantitative and qualitative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The important question of whether marital problems disrupt fathering more than mothering is addressed in (a) a quantitative review of evidence on marital conflict and parenting in intact families, and (b) a qualitative review of research on mother and father involvement with their children following divorce. We conclude that (a) there is limited evidence that, relative to mothering, fathering is more likely to be affected by marital conflict, but suggest that (b) marital status (i.e., divorce) affects fathering notably more than it affects mothering. We further suggest that marital problems may disrupt father involvement which, in turn, weakens the quality of father-child relationships; there likely are multiple alternative pathways through which marriage problems affect parenting, including both "spillover" and "compensation"; researchers need to examine more carefully how marital problems disrupt coparenting; child age and gender may moderate linkages between the parental and marital subsystems; and coparenting, marital happiness, and the institution of marriage itself may be essential first avenues of intervention for those who wish to improve or maintain fathers' involvement with their children. PMID:11324075

Coiro, M J; Emery, R E

1998-03-01

146

Parenting style of Chinese fathers in Hong Kong: correlates with children's school-related performance.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates parenting styles among Chinese fathers in Hong Kong as perceived by their school-age children. Four parenting styles, namely inductive, indulgent, indifferent, and dictatorial parenting, are assessed using the Parent Behavior Report (1988). Data were collected through a questionnaire survey on a sample of 1011 Primary Three to Five Chinese students from six schools in Hong Kong and 471 fathers. Findings show that among Chinese fathers, the least common parenting style is inductive, while the other three styles are of similar occurrence. Chi-square analysis shows no significant association between children's grade level and father's parenting style. However, there is a significant association with gender, with fathers more likely to be perceived as dictatorial with boys and indulgent with girls. The effect of paternal styles on children's school-related performance is also examined. MANOVA results show that significant differences are found among children of the four paternal style groups with respect to academic performance, interest in school work, aspiration for education, involvement in extracurricular activities, and efficacy for self-regulated learning. Post-hoc tests reveal that children's performance is similar between the groups with indulgent and inductive fathers, and between children of indifferent and dictatorial fathers, with the former groups performing better than the latter in general. Findings are discussed with regard to research on parenting style and paternal behavior, as well as understanding the roles of fathers in Chinese families in the socio-cultural context in Hong Kong. PMID:12723448

Tam, Vicky C W; Lam, Rebecca S Y

2003-01-01

147

Fathers on Parental Leave in Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In the article it is argued that contemporary fatherhood and masculinity differ increasingly from hegemonic masculinity according to which men are primarily responsible for ensuring the financial basis of the family. The article “Fathers on Parental Leave in Denmark”, based on interviews with 15 Danish men and 8 employers, shows that many men’s ideas about fatherhood and family responsibility tend to revolve around such aspects as close contact and involvement with children. However, it seems that men do not acknowledge fully the significance of gender for their decisions concerning the child, parental leave and domestic affairs. The article also demonstrates that the issue of parental leave may cause a conflict of interest between an employer and en employee although the majority of employers in this study emphasize that parental leave is unproblematic for them.

Reinicke, Kenneth; Cybulski, Franz Wilhelm

2005-01-01

148

Fathers’ experiences of parental care after divorce  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This narrative study explores the terrain of South African fathers experiences of parental care after divorce. A war metaphor enabled the writing of this narrative. I began the expedition with surveying the terrain in which fathers fight for their parental rights. The map takes us to the political, social and statistical arenas which converge to make for a complex picture for fathers to exercise their parental rights and responsibilities in the aftermath of divorce. The journey continu...

Wybourn, Adele

2008-01-01

149

Twins abused by their father  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Child abuse and neglect is an important public health problem that recurs unless it is recognized early and protection measures are implemented timely. Multidisciplinary collaboration of related professionals is of paramount importance in assessing and managing cases of child abuse and neglect. The father of the twins presented in this paper, who was employed in odd jobs as the sole bread-winner of his family of five and abused his wife also physically abused his twin children under one year of age. Although the physicians reported these children to law enforcement, the family concealed the abuse and neither the physicians nor the law enforcement reported this family to child protective services. As a consequence, a picture of recurrence of abuse with a cumulative negative medico-social outcome was observed. Since the mother declined to testify on the father abusing his children during the court proceedings, the father returned to the family after a brief incarceration. Child protective measures were established only after the forensic medicine physician interfered with the proceedings on a voluntary basis. This presentation aimed at reviewing the risk factors related to abuse and associated findings and assessment steps of abuse. In addition, these cases confirmed that every child abuse case that is missed by physicians and mismanaged legally or from child protection perspective has the potential to lead to severe, chronic abuse. Therefore, it is important that the family, law, medicine, and social services should collaborate in diagnosis and management of these cases. (Turk Arch Ped 2011; 46: 346-50

Celal

2011-12-01

150

Prenatal diagnosis and 47,XXY.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this contribution, we consider detection of 47,XXY by a variety of available methods. These include traditional invasive procedures, screening with maternal serum analytes and fetal ultrasound, and most recently cell-free fetal DNA. Since its introduction in the late 1960s, prenatal genetic diagnosis has evolved greatly. Serendipitious detection of 47,XXY was not infrequent when prenatal genetic diagnosis routinely involved testing by the invasive procedures CVS and amniocentesis. In 2013 this is much less common and relatively few pregnancies in the U.S. and Europe are tested without prior screening protocols, traditionally maternal serum analyte and fetal ultrasound (NT). These protocols are not designed to identify 47,XXY or other X-chromosome aneuploides and with screening by analysis of cell-free DNA in maternal blood, this situation may or may not be altered. Increased numbers of cases could be detected if intake increases and vendors offer information on 47,XXY. A further consideration is that ability of array CGH to detect microdeletions or microduplications below resolution of a karyotype could make return to direct testing using an invasive procedure attractive. PMID:23359597

Simpson, Joe Leigh; Samango-Sprouse, Carole

2013-02-15

151

Do Coparenting and Social Support Have a Greater Effect on Adolescent Fathers than Adult Fathers?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined whether coparenting support and social support had a stronger effect on father engagement with 3-year-olds among adolescent fathers compared with adult fathers. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 1,540), we found that coparenting support and paternal social support had a significantly stronger…

Fagan, Jay; Lee, Yookyong

2011-01-01

152

Prenatal Care Training.  

Science.gov (United States)

Described is the development and evaluation of a prenatal instructional program designed to prevent birth defects. It is explained that the program, composed of five slide tape units on such topics as nutrition and environmental factors, was field tested and found effective with 97 participants (pregnant high school students, nursing students, and…

Hagen, Michael

153

[Prenatal care in Germany].  

Science.gov (United States)

Prenatal care in Germany is based on a nationwide standardized program of care for pregnant women. Besides support and health counseling, it comprises prevention or early detection of diseases or unfavorable circumstances with risks for mother and child. Prenatal care is regulated by law and structured by directives and standard procedures in maternity guidelines (Mutterschafts-Richtlinien). This includes information and counseling of future mothers on offers of psychosocial and medical assistance in normal pregnancies as well as in unplanned or unwanted pregnancies. Further aspects are clinical examinations and risk determinations for genetic variations or direct genetic analysis. During pregnancy, medical history, clinical examination, and blood testing are part of the sophisticated program, which includes at least three standardized sonographic examinations at 10, 20, and 30 weeks of gestation. The maternity passport allows a pregnant woman to carry the most relevant information on her pregnancy and her personal risks with her. For 45 years now, women in Germany are used to carrying their Mutterpass. Societal changes have influenced the central goals of maternity care: In the beginning, the mortality of mother and child had to be reduced. Today, maternal morbidity and impaired development of the child are the center of interest, with expansion to familial satisfaction. The reduction in the mortality and morbidity of both the mother and the child during pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum can be attributed to prenatal care. Thus, investment in a program of nationwide structured prenatal care seems to be worthwhile-despite the lack of evidence concerning its effectiveness. PMID:24337130

Vetter, K; Goeckenjan, M

2013-12-01

154

Fathers' accounts of struggle and growth in early adulthood: an exploratory study of disadvantaged men.  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter explores how fatherhood prompts struggle and growth in the psychological, social, and economic changes associated with the transition to adulthood. Little is known about these connections, especially for disadvantaged Latino and White fathers who live in small and mid-sized American communities. We draw on eight in-depth focus groups with 48 fathers (27 Latino and 21 White) who have children in low-income schools in a small and mid-sized American community. These men face significant challenges in establishing themselves at work-a central task of both adulthood and fatherhood-and in balancing these demands alongside the strong expectation that they also be involved fathers. Involved fathering is key to understanding dynamics related to identity and meaning and to relationships with spouses and friends, which are also intertwined with the process of becoming adult. The discussion considers how fatherhood can promote and constrain adult development for disadvantaged men. PMID:24677649

Settersten, Richard A; Day, Jack K; Cancel-Tirado, Doris; Driscoll, Debra Minar

2014-03-01

155

Longitudinal Effects of Divorce on the Quality of the Father-Child Relationship and on Fathers' Psychological Well-Being.  

Science.gov (United States)

States that the effect of divorce on the quality of the father-child relationship and fathers' psychological well being is moderated by the residence of children. Divorce is associated with lower relationship quality only for nonresident fathers and is associated with a decline in happiness for nonresident fathers. Divorced fathers are more…

Shapiro, Adam; Lambert, James David

1999-01-01

156

Sonographic characterization of the prenatal development of the elephant  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Elephants have the longest pregnancy of all mammals, with an average gestation of around 660 days (Meyer et al. , 2004). The processes involved in prenatal development are therefore of special interest. In the past, research on the prenatal development of the elephant relied mainly on foetal specimens collected during culling actions in South Africa, which took place in the period between 1964 - 1995. Observations concerning implantation, placentation, development of the extraembryonic org...

Drews, Barbara

2010-01-01

157

Improved standards for prenatal diagnosis of citrullinemia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Citrullinemia type I is a urea cycle disorder caused by autosomal recessive mutations in argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1). In the classical form of this disease, symptoms manifest during the neonatal period as progressive lethargy, poor feeding, and central nervous system depression secondary to hyperammonemia. In pregnancies involving two carrier parents, prenatal diagnosis is important for both reproductive decisions and advanced preparation for neonatal care. The current gold standard for prenatal diagnosis has been the citrulline incorporation assay in addition to DNA mutation analysis. Herein, we review our experience with prenatal diagnosis of citrullinemia type I over the span of 11 years in 41 at-risk pregnancies. During this time, we identified 15 affected fetuses using a combination of molecular and biochemical testing. Given the established limitations of both the citrulline incorporation assay as well DNA mutation analysis, we probed our data to assess the value of amniotic fluid amino acid levels in prenatal diagnosis. Previous publications have proposed using the amniotic fluid ratio of citrulline/(arginine+ornithine) in prenatal diagnosis; however, we noted that amniotic fluid arginine levels were normal in our cohort and hypothesized that the amniotic fluid citrulline/ornithine ratio may be superior. Indeed, our analyses revealed that the ratio of amniotic fluid citrulline/ornithine alone correctly distinguished affected from unaffected fetuses in all cases. During the establishment of a normal reference range we discovered significant elevations in amniotic fluid citrulline levels in at-risk pregnancies compared to the normal population even when the fetus was unaffected. This highlights the importance of using amniotic fluid from carrier mothers when setting up a normal reference range. Finally, we report our experience as one of the first centers to adopt Sanger sequencing for prospective prenatal diagnosis of citrullinemia. While this is clearly a useful tool in many cases, we encountered families for whom molecular analysis uncovered variants of unknown clinical significance or no mutation at all. Based upon these new findings, we recommend a combinatorial approach involving ASS1 sequencing and amniotic fluid citrulline/ornithine for the prenatal diagnosis of citrullinemia type I. PMID:24889030

Miller, Marcus J; Soler-Alfonso, Claudia R; Grund, Jaime E; Fang, Ping; Sun, Qin; Elsea, Sarah H; Sutton, V Reid

2014-07-01

158

75 FR 71744 - Founding Fathers Advisory Committee (FFAC)  

Science.gov (United States)

...NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Founding Fathers Advisory Committee (FFAC) AGENCY...announces the inaugural meeting of the Founding Fathers Advisory Committee. The Committee...United States on the progress of the Founding Fathers editorial projects funded...

2010-11-24

159

20 CFR 404.342 - Mother's and father's benefit amounts.  

Science.gov (United States)

... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mother's and father's benefit amounts. 404...Spouses and Divorced Spouses § 404.342 Mother's and father's benefit amounts. Your mother's or father's monthly benefit is...

2010-04-01

160

Fathers' and Young Children's Literacy Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

A family literacy program was examined to document the literacy experiences of 25 fathers and their five-year-old children. Using a case study methodology, this study examined the effects of a literacy intervention program that was designed to assist fathers to promote their children's acquisition of literacy. The results indicated that the…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Hispanic Father-Child Sociocultural Literacy Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent research and policy initiatives have focused on the roles of Hispanic fathers in their children's literacy development. Research indicated that fathers are able to motivate children to acquire, develop, and use literacy; learn new roles to enhance their children's literacy development; participate in literacy activities; and influence their…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2007-01-01

162

Challenging the Stereotypes of Mexican American Fathers  

Science.gov (United States)

This critical review presents studies of Mexican American fathers in the United Sates to provide researchers with an understanding of contemporary fatherhood. It describes the myths that cause methodological and conceptual problems in interpreting the results of studies on Mexican American fathers. Several common challenges and limitations in…

Saracho, Olivia N.; Spodek, Bernard

2007-01-01

163

Single Fathers: A Growing Minority in America.  

Science.gov (United States)

Health educators can play a vital role in helping provide emotional and social support for single fathers, in helping prepare their children for parent roles, and in educating the community about needs of these parents. Special characteristics and needs of single-father families are discussed. (PP)

Chng, Chwee Lye; Gray, Bryan James

1983-01-01

164

Child Rearing and Single-Parent Fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studied single-parent fathers to assess goal facilitation, transition procedures, normative change, role strain, and ease of role transition. Concluded that single-parent fathers, although able to adjust successfully, may improve their adjustment by gaining education and experience with children, and participating in household activities. (Author)

Smith, Richard M.; Smith, Craig W.

1981-01-01

165

The Classically-Enhanced Father Protocol  

CERN Document Server

The classically-enhanced father protocol is an optimal protocol for a sender to transmit both classical and quantum information to a receiver by exploiting preshared entanglement and a large number of independent uses of a noisy quantum channel. We detail the proof of a quantum Shannon theorem that gives the three-dimensional capacity region containing all achievable rates that the classically-enhanced father protocol obtains. Points in the capacity region are rate triples consisting of the classical communication rate, the quantum communication rate, and the entanglement consumption rate of a particular coding scheme. The classically-enhanced father protocol is more general than any other protocol in the family tree of quantum Shannon theoretic protocols. Several previously known quantum protocols are now child protocols of the classically-enhanced father protocol. Interestingly, the classically-enhanced father protocol gives insight for constructing optimal classically-enhanced entanglement-assisted quantum...

Hsieh, Min-Hsiu

2008-01-01

166

Sushruta: father of plastic surgery.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sushruta is considered the "Father of Plastic Surgery." He lived in India sometime between 1000 and 800 BC, and is responsible for the advancement of medicine in ancient India. His teaching of anatomy, pathophysiology, and therapeutic strategies were of unparalleled luminosity, especially considering his time in the historical record. He is notably famous for nasal reconstruction, which can be traced throughout the literature from his depiction within the Vedic period of Hindu medicine to the era of Tagliacozzi during Renaissance Italy to modern-day surgical practices. The primary focus of this historical review is centered on Sushruta's anatomical and surgical knowledge and his creation of the cheek flap for nasal reconstruction and its transition to the "Indian method." The influential nature of the Sushruta Samhita, the compendium documenting Sushruta's theories about medicine, is supported not only by anatomical knowledge and surgical procedural descriptions contained within its pages, but by the creative approaches that still hold true today. PMID:23788147

Champaneria, Manish C; Workman, Adrienne D; Gupta, Subhas C

2014-07-01

167

Eugenesia y diagnóstico prenatal Eugenics and prenatal diagnosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El uso del diagnóstico prenatal en la práctica de la genética médica ha hecho que se recuerden teorías eugenésicas. Se realizó una revisión histórica de este término y se relacionó con el uso del diagnóstico prenatal (DPN y el aborto selectivo a la luz de los conocimientos bioéticos actuales.The use of the prenatal diagnosis in the practice of medical genetics has led us to remember eugenic theories. A historical review of this term was made and it was connected with the use of prenatal diagnosis (PND and selective abortion in the light of the present bioethical knowledge.

Rosa María González Salvat

2002-08-01

168

Human prenatal diagnosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The multiauthor text is written as a ''guide to rationalize and clarify certain aspects of diagnosis, general counseling and intervention'' for ''health professionals who provide care to pregnant women.'' The text is not aimed at the ultrasonographer but rather at the physicians who are clinically responsible for patient management. Chapters of relevance to radiologists include an overview of prenatal screening and counseling, diagnosis of neural tube defects, ultrasonographic (US) scanning of fetal disorders in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy, US scanning in the third trimester, multiple gestation and selective termination, fetal echo and Doppler studies, and fetal therapy. Also included are overviews of virtually all currently utilized prenatal diagnostic techniques including amniocentesis, fetal blood sampling, fetoscopy, recombinant DNA detection of hemoglobinopathies, chorionic villus sampling, embryoscopy, legal issues, and diagnosis of Mendelian disorders by DNA analysis

169

Daily parenting engagement among new mothers and fathers: the role of romantic attachment in dual-earner families.  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigated the association of prenatal assessments of mothers' and fathers' self-reported romantic attachment anxiety and avoidance with the time mothers and fathers reported in proximity-focused and exploration-focused engagement with their infants at 9 months postpartum. Our sample of 136 dual-earner couples came from a larger longitudinal study of the transition to parenthood. Time in proximity-focused (interactions that emphasize physical or emotional connection) and exploration-focused (activities that stimulate and build knowledge of the world) engagement on workdays and nonworkdays were measured using time diaries. Using actor-partner interdependence models, we found significant across-partners associations between romantic attachment and parental engagement. In particular, analyses revealed interesting interactions: fathers higher in avoidance spent more time in exploration-focused engagement on workdays when mothers were more anxious, whereas mothers higher in anxiety spent more time in proximity-focused engagement on nonworkdays when fathers were more avoidant. Moreover, fathers demonstrated a compensatory pattern of engagement in response to mother's greater attachment anxiety or avoidance. Findings support the utility of studying romantic attachment within a family system and extend the literature on correlates of early parental engagement. PMID:24127790

Lang, Sarah N; Schoppe-Sullivan, Sarah J; Kotila, Letitia E; Kamp Dush, Claire M

2013-12-01

170

Are fathers underused advocates for breastfeeding?  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Fathers\\' knowledge base and attitudes influence breastfeeding practice. We aimed to evaluate if Irish fathers felt included in the breastfeeding education and decision process. 67 fathers completed questionnaires, which assessed their role in the decision to breastfeed, knowledge regarding the benefits of breastfeeding and attitude towards breastfeeding.Forty-two (62.7%) of their partners were breastfeeding. Antenatal classes were attended by 38 (56.7%); 59 (88.1%) discussed breastfeeding with their partners and 26 (38.8%) felt that the decision was made together. Twelve (48%) fathers of formula fed infants were unaware that breastfeeding was healthier for the baby. Most fathers (80.6%) felt that breastfeeding was the mother\\'s decision and most (82.1%) felt that antenatal information was aimed at mothers only. Irish fathers remain relatively uninformed regarding the benefits of breastfeeding. This may contribute to their exclusion from the decision to breastfeed. Antenatal education should incorporate fathers more, and this may result in an improvement in our breastfeeding rates.

Kenosi, M

2011-11-01

171

Congenital dacryocystocele: prenatal MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Congenital dacryocystocele can be diagnosed prenatally by imaging. Prenatal MRI is increasingly utilized for fetal diagnosis. To present the radiological and clinical features of seven fetuses with congenital dacryocystocele diagnosed with prenatal MRI. The institutional database of 1,028 consecutive prenatal MR examinations performed during a period of 4 years was reviewed retrospectively. The cases of congenital dacryocystocele were identified by reading the report of each MRI study. The incidence of dacryocystocele diagnosed with prenatal MRI was 0.7% (n=7/1,028). The dacryocystocele was bilateral in three fetuses. Mean gestational age at the time of diagnosis was 31 weeks. The indication for prenatal MRI was the presence or the suspicion of central nervous system abnormality in six fetuses and diaphragmatic hernia in one. Dacryocystocele was associated with an intranasal cyst in six of ten eyes. Prenatal sonography revealed dacryocystocele in only two of seven fetuses. Of eight eyes with postnatal follow-up, four did not have any lacrimal symptoms. Prenatal MRI can delineate congenital dacryocystocele more clearly and in a more detailed fashion than ultrasonography. Presence of dacryocystocele was symptomatic in only 50% of our patients, supporting that prenatal diagnosis of dacryocystocele might follow a benign course. (orig.)

Yazici, Zeynep [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Uludag University, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Bursa (Turkey); Kline-Fath, Beth M.; Rubio, Eva I.; Calvo-Garcia, Maria A.; Linam, Leann E. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Yazici, Bulent [Uludag University, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Bursa (Turkey)

2010-12-15

172

Congenital dacryocystocele: prenatal MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Congenital dacryocystocele can be diagnosed prenatally by imaging. Prenatal MRI is increasingly utilized for fetal diagnosis. To present the radiological and clinical features of seven fetuses with congenital dacryocystocele diagnosed with prenatal MRI. The institutional database of 1,028 consecutive prenatal MR examinations performed during a period of 4 years was reviewed retrospectively. The cases of congenital dacryocystocele were identified by reading the report of each MRI study. The incidence of dacryocystocele diagnosed with prenatal MRI was 0.7% (n=7/1,028). The dacryocystocele was bilateral in three fetuses. Mean gestational age at the time of diagnosis was 31 weeks. The indication for prenatal MRI was the presence or the suspicion of central nervous system abnormality in six fetuses and diaphragmatic hernia in one. Dacryocystocele was associated with an intranasal cyst in six of ten eyes. Prenatal sonography revealed dacryocystocele in only two of seven fetuses. Of eight eyes with postnatal follow-up, four did not have any lacrimal symptoms. Prenatal MRI can delineate congenital dacryocystocele more clearly and in a more detailed fashion than ultrasonography. Presence of dacryocystocele was symptomatic in only 50% of our patients, supporting that prenatal diagnosis of dacryocystocele might follow a benign course. (orig.)

173

Dilemas bioéticos del diagnóstico prenatal / Bioethical dilemmas of prenatal diagnosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El desarrollo del diagnóstico prenatal ha modificado radicalmente el manejo de los embarazos y de los resultados perinatales. Con este trabajo se pretende identificar los principales dilemas bioéticos del diagnóstico prenatal de los defectos congénitos en la provincia Artemisa. Se realizó un estudio [...] observacional, descriptivo. Los criterios para la indicación del proceder, el aborto selectivo, estatus moral del feto se identifican entre los conflictos bioéticos del diagnóstico prenatal. Se concluye que los principios generales de la bioética deben servir de base para el análisis y la solución de los dilemas que han surgido en el campo del diagnóstico prenatal y que el desarrollo tecnológico no puede cambiar los principios bioéticos, ni los valores humanos de los profesionales de la salud pública. Abstract in english The development of the prenatal diagnosis has radically modified the handling of pregnancies and of perinatal results. An observational, descriptive study is carried out with the objective of identifying the main bioethical dilemmas of prenatal diagnosis of congenital defects Artemisia. Approaches f [...] or indicating procedures, the selective abortion, and the fetus moral status are identified among the bioethical conflicts of the prenatal diagnosis.It is concluded that the general bioethics principles should serve as base for analysis and solution of these dilemmas, which have arisen in the field of prenatal diagnosis. Additionally it is concluded that technological development cannot change bioethical principles, neither human values of health professionals.

Lázaro, López Baños; Zonia, Fernández Pérez; Luis Gustavo, García Baños; Zenia, García Cartaya.

174

Dilemas bioéticos del diagnóstico prenatal / Bioethical dilemmas of prenatal diagnosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El desarrollo del diagnóstico prenatal ha modificado radicalmente el manejo de los embarazos y de los resultados perinatales. Con este trabajo se pretende identificar los principales dilemas bioéticos del diagnóstico prenatal de los defectos congénitos en la provincia Artemisa. Se realizó un estudio [...] observacional, descriptivo. Los criterios para la indicación del proceder, el aborto selectivo, estatus moral del feto se identifican entre los conflictos bioéticos del diagnóstico prenatal. Se concluye que los principios generales de la bioética deben servir de base para el análisis y la solución de los dilemas que han surgido en el campo del diagnóstico prenatal y que el desarrollo tecnológico no puede cambiar los principios bioéticos, ni los valores humanos de los profesionales de la salud pública. Abstract in english The development of the prenatal diagnosis has radically modified the handling of pregnancies and of perinatal results. An observational, descriptive study is carried out with the objective of identifying the main bioethical dilemmas of prenatal diagnosis of congenital defects Artemisia. Approaches f [...] or indicating procedures, the selective abortion, and the fetus moral status are identified among the bioethical conflicts of the prenatal diagnosis.It is concluded that the general bioethics principles should serve as base for analysis and solution of these dilemmas, which have arisen in the field of prenatal diagnosis. Additionally it is concluded that technological development cannot change bioethical principles, neither human values of health professionals.

Lázaro, López Baños; Zonia, Fernández Pérez; Luis Gustavo, García Baños; Zenia, García Cartaya.

2013-09-01

175

The emergence of new fatherhood and the role of father in child raising prior to entering school  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The role of the father in the family has changed over time. Traditionally, fathers were not involved with the care and upbringing of their children, this role belonged to mothers only. Social and environmental changes have brought about the changes in family life, since women began to involve in the public sphere and politics. Due to a changed way of life, the problem regarding active parenting arouse. The role of fathers in childcare has become more and more important, and this led to greate...

Vuc?ko, Katarina

2012-01-01

176

Fathers' occupation and pregnancy outcome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Findings from a survey of 56,067 women in Montreal on maternal occupation and pregnancy outcome have been reported. Paternal occupation recorded in the same survey was analysed for spontaneous abortion in 24 occupational groups retaining the six main sectors of maternal occupation and allowing, by means of logistic regression, for seven potentially confounding variables. In only one of the 24 fathers' occupational groups was there a statistically significant excess of spontaneous abortions-mechanics, repairers, and certain assemblers (O/E = 1.10, 90% CI = 1.02-1.20); subdivision of this group suggested that this excess was mainly attributable to the large group of motor vehicle mechanics (O/E = 1.17). No significant excess of known chromosomally determined defects was found in any of the 24 occupational groups. An association of developmental defects was found with food and beverage processing (18 defects observed compared with 8.02 expected; p < 0.05); however, there was no specificity in type of food, beverage, or congenital defect, and no obvious explanatory mechanism. (author)

177

Who takes paternity leave? A cohort study on prior social and health characteristics among fathers in Stockholm.  

Science.gov (United States)

Progress towards gender equality involves changes in the traditional parental division - female caring and male breadwinning. One aspect is increased parental leave for fathers, which may benefit the health of mothers, children, and fathers themselves. We examined how social and health characteristics (2002) were associated with paternity leave in excess of the 'father quota' of 60 days (2003-2006) in the Stockholm Public Health Cohort. Generally, fathers with stable social position, fit lifestyles, and good health had increased chances of paternity leave uptake. Our findings may contribute to identifying target groups for parental leave strategies among fathers; they indicate also that research on gender equality and public health must carefully address the problems of confounding and health-related selection. PMID:20805805

Månsdotter, Anna; Fredlund, Peeter; Hallqvist, Johan; Magnusson, Cecilia

2010-09-01

178

Hairy cell leukemia in father and son.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is an uncommon B cell disorder, and familial HCL is rarely encountered among the first degree relatives of HCL patients. A father and son, both of whom developed hairy cell leukemia, is presented in this report. The HLA haplotype shared by the father and son was A2, B18, BW6, CW7, DR3, DR10, and DQ8. Among these haplotypes, HLA A2 and Bw6 have previously been reported. PMID:14716034

Cetiner, Mustafa; Adigüzel, Cafer; Argon, Dilek; Ratip, Siret; Eksioglu-Demiralp, Emel; Tecimer, Tulay; Bayik, Mahmut

2003-01-01

179

Social behavior of offspring following prenatal cocaine exposure in rodents: a comparison with prenatal alcohol  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Clinical and experimental reports suggest that prenatal cocaine exposure(PCEalters the offsprings’ social interactions with caregivers and conspecifics. Children exposed to prenatal cocaine show deficits in caregiver attachment and play behavior. In animal models,a developmental pattern of effects that range from deficits in play and social interaction during adolescence, to aggressive reactions during competition in adulthood is seen. This review will focus primarily on the effects of PCE on social behaviors involving conspecifics in animal models. Social relationships are critical to the developing organism; maternally-directed interactions are necessary for initial survival. Juvenile rats deprived of play behavior, one of the earliest forms of non-mother directed social behaviors in rodents, show deficits in learning tasks and sexual competence. Social behavior is inherently conmplex. Because the emergence of appropriate social skills involves the interplay between various conceptual and biological facets of behavior and social information, it may be a particularly sensitive measure of prenatal insult. The social behavior surveyed include social interactions, play behavior/fighting, scent marking and aggressive behavior in the offspring, as well as aspects of maternal behavior. The goal is to determine if there is a consensus of results in the literature with respect to PCE and social behaviors, and to discuss discrepant findings in terms of exposure models, the paradigms and dependent variables, as well as housing conditions, and the sex and age of the offspring at testing. As there is increasing evidence that deficits in social behavior may be sequelae of developmental exposure alcohol, we compare changes in social behaviors reported for prenatal alcohol with those reported for prenatal cocaine. Shortcomings in the both literatures are identified and addressed in an effort to improve the translational value of future experimentation.

SonyaKrishnaSobrian

2011-11-01

180

Cultural sensitivity and work with Latino teen fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

An understanding of basic historical and cultural concepts is a prerequisite to effective work with Latino teen fathers. The fundamental structure of the Latino family is especially important to consider in working toward solutions that are consistent with the young Latino father's cultural context. The Latino client's understanding of his personal needs is strongly linked to family concerns and pressures. Unlike the Anglo-American family, where linear movement toward increased individuation and independence is stressed, the Latino family model places a higher value on continued involvement in an extended family network. The Latino culture's familial orientation can be a strength, in that there are so many functionally connected people to form a supportive network, yet it can also present problems for service delivery because of the importance of loyalty and privacy in the family. Other important cultural values in the Latino community include the centrality of the father as a power figure and respect for the rights of others. Also essential is sensitivity to the Latino's personalized way of relating. Social workers have found that rapport can be established more readily with Latino males if self-disclosure is used to foster a personal connection. Given the power that young fathers have over the young mother's future plans, it is essential that they be included in family planning program design and outreach. Cultural sensitivity--a willingness to learn about, understand, and accept the social context of human behavior--must be a cornerstone of agency programs seeking to enlist the participation of young Latino males. PMID:12315501

Mena, M

1989-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Interactive Reading Experiences of African American Fathers and Social Fathers and Their 4- and 5-Year-Old Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to investigate the patterns of book choice and interaction during book reading sessions of six African American fathers and social fathers and their 4- to 5-year-old children. The fathers/social fathers selected and read aloud expository text, narrative text, and poetry to their children while…

Jackson, Clarissa R.

2012-01-01

182

Do Father-Friendly Policies Promote Father-Friendly Child-Rearing Practices? A Review of Swedish Parental Leave and Child Health Centers  

Science.gov (United States)

By reviewing the literature, we looked at how parental leave policies in Sweden have influenced two well-defined areas of early father involvement: participating in parental leave and at visits/activities at the Child Health Centers. Sweden has one of the most comprehensive and egalitarian parental leave policies in the world, permitting parents…

Wells, Michael B.; Sarkadi, Anna

2012-01-01

183

Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of focal musculoskeletal anomalies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Focal musculoskeletal anomalies vary, and can manifest as part of a syndrome or be accompanied by numerous other conditions such as genetic disorders, karyotype abnormalities, central nervous system anomalies and other skeletal anomalies, lsolated focal musculoskeletal anomaly does, however, also occur; its early prenatal diagnosis is important in deciding prenatal care, and also helps in counseling parents about the postnatal effects of numerous possible associated anomalies. We have encountered 50 cases involving focal musculoskeletal anomalies, including total limb dysplasia [radial ray abnormality (n=3), mesomelic dysplasia (n=1)]; anomalies of the hand [polydactyly (n=8), syndactyly (n=3), ectrodactyly (n=1), clinodactyly (n=6), clenched hand (n=5)]; anomalies of the foot [clubfoot (n=10), rockerbottom foot (n=5), sandal gap deformity (n=1), curly toe (n=2)]; amniotic band syndrome (n=3); and anomalies of the focal spine [block vertebra (n=1), hemivertebra (n=1)]. Among these 50 cases, five [polydactyly (n=1), syndactyly (n=2) and curly toe (n=2) were confirmed by postnatal physical evaluation, two (focal spine anomalies) were diagnosed after postnatal radiologic examination, and the remaining 43 were proven at autopsy. For each condition, we describe the prenatal sonographic findings, and include a brief review.

Ryu, Jung-Kyu; Cho, Jeong-Yeon; Choi, Jong-Sun [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2003-12-15

184

Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of focal musculoskeletal anomalies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Focal musculoskeletal anomalies vary, and can manifest as part of a syndrome or be accompanied by numerous other conditions such as genetic disorders, karyotype abnormalities, central nervous system anomalies and other skeletal anomalies, lsolated focal musculoskeletal anomaly does, however, also occur; its early prenatal diagnosis is important in deciding prenatal care, and also helps in counseling parents about the postnatal effects of numerous possible associated anomalies. We have encountered 50 cases involving focal musculoskeletal anomalies, including total limb dysplasia [radial ray abnormality (n=3), mesomelic dysplasia (n=1)]; anomalies of the hand [polydactyly (n=8), syndactyly (n=3), ectrodactyly (n=1), clinodactyly (n=6), clenched hand (n=5)]; anomalies of the foot [clubfoot (n=10), rockerbottom foot (n=5), sandal gap deformity (n=1), curly toe (n=2)]; amniotic band syndrome (n=3); and anomalies of the focal spine [block vertebra (n=1), hemivertebra (n=1)]. Among these 50 cases, five [polydactyly (n=1), syndactyly (n=2) and curly toe (n=2) were confirmed by postnatal physical evaluation, two (focal spine anomalies) were diagnosed after postnatal radiologic examination, and the remaining 43 were proven at autopsy. For each condition, we describe the prenatal sonographic findings, and include a brief review

185

A Single Father's Shopping Bag: Purchasing Decisions in Single-Father Families  

Science.gov (United States)

Using data from the 1980 to 2003 panels of the Consumer Expenditure Survey, this article examines purchasing decisions in father-headed single-parent families. Single-father expenditures are compared to both married-parent expenditures and single-mother expenditures on 17 broad categories of household-level goods and services. Multivariate…

Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M.

2009-01-01

186

Variations of Fathering: Implications for Social Policy. Single Fathers with Custody: Implications for Social Policy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document summarizes current knowledge about single custodial fathers, and draws implications for social policy. Through a review of the literature, the following characteristics of single fathers are described: socioeconomic status, race, custody status, religion, age, employment, parental history, homemaking skills, motivation for custody,…

Hanson, Shirley May Harmon

187

Fathers see stronger family resemblances than non-fathers in unrelated children's faces.  

Science.gov (United States)

Even after they have taken all reasonable measures to decrease the probability that their spouses cheat on them, men still face paternal uncertainty. Such uncertainty can lead to paternal disinvestment, which reduces the children's probability to survive and reproduce, and thus the reproductive success of the fathers themselves. A theoretical model shows that, other things being equal, men who feel confident that they have fathered their spouses' offspring tend to enjoy greater fitness (i.e., leave a larger number of surviving progeny) than men who do not. This implies that fathers should benefit from exaggerating paternal resemblance. We argue that the self-deceiving component of this bias could be concealed by generalizing this resemblance estimation boost to (1) family pairs other than father-child and (2) strangers. Here, we tested the prediction that fathers may see, in unrelated children's faces, stronger family resemblances than non-fathers. In Study 1, 70 men and 70 women estimated facial resemblances between children paired, at three different ages (as infants, children, and adolescents), either to themselves or to their parents. In Study 2, 70 men and 70 women guessed the true parents of the same children among a set of adults. Men who were fathers reported stronger similarities between faces than non-fathers, mothers, and non-mothers did, but were no better at identifying childrens' real parents. We suggest that, in fathers, processing of facial resemblances is biased in a manner that reflects their (adaptive) wishful thinking that fathers and children are related. PMID:22695644

Bressan, Paola; Dal Pos, Stefania

2012-12-01

188

Prenatal Genetic Screening  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents a discussion of screening principles and techniques available to screen for common birth defects during pregnancy. Sixty-five to 70% of women have serum screening and /or ultrasound during pregnancy to evaluate the health and well-being of the developing fetus. The most common birth defects identified by screening include neural tube defects and chromosome abnormalities. Nurses employed in prenatal care settings need to have accurate information they can provide to women so they understand the benefits and limitations of screening. Timely presentation of information and identification of available resources will help nurses minimize confusion and provide support for women as they proceed with pregnancy screening.

Grant, S

2000-09-01

189

Surprising prenatal toxicity of epidermal lipoxygenase-3.  

Science.gov (United States)

Metabolites of the epidermal lipoxygenase-3 (eLOX-3) are involved in various metabolic pathways. Most unexpectedly, intra-amniotic delivery of eLOX-3 to mice at gestational day 14.5, both via an adenoviral vector and as recombinant protein, resulted in fetal growth restriction and intrauterine death. Periodic acid-Schiff staining and RT-PCR analysis of placentae from fetuses exposed to eLOX-3 indicated a lack of glycogen trophoblasts in the junctional zone. Placenta-specific gene expression was altered. Thus, the observed prenatal toxicity of eLOX-3 could be due to a strong effect on placental development. PMID:25043671

Vierling, F; Dick, A; Wahlbuhl, M; Krieg, P; Henke, C; Rübner, M; Schneider, H

2014-09-01

190

Nonresident african-american fathers' influence on sons' exercise intentions in the fathers and sons program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Purpose. To test the effects of a family-centered intervention for enhancing intentions to exercise among African-American boys with nonresident fathers. Design. Quasi-experimental, intervention study. Setting. Two Midwestern cities. Subjects. A total of 287 nonresident African-American fathers and their 8- to 12-year-old sons (n = 158 intervention dyads; n = 129 comparison dyads). Intervention. The Fathers and Sons Program is a 15-session family-based intervention focused on promoting the health of African-American boys by enhancing the parenting attitudes and behaviors of their nonresident fathers and positively influencing parent-child interactions. Measures. Demographic information and intervention outcomes were assessed at baseline and follow-up via self-report. Analysis. Descriptive statistics, logistic regression, and structural equation modeling. Results. The intervention was successful in improving the exercise intentions of boys (B = .246; p = .005; B = .210; p = .012). The effect was not direct; increasing contact between fathers and sons (B = .154; p = .001), enhancing the quality of their relationship (B = .366; p < .001), and improving fathers' own intentions to exercise (B = .265; p = .001) were mediating factors. Conclusion. Interventions aimed at improving exercise intentions among African-American boys with nonresident fathers should focus on relational factors. PMID:24432822

Ellis, Katrina R; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Assari, Shervin; De Loney, E Hill

2014-01-01

191

Noninvasive prenatal detection of aneuploidy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) uses cell-free fetal DNA from the plasma of pregnant women to provide valuable information about the potential risks for fetal aneuploidy. This article provides a historical overview of both invasive diagnostic testing and serum screening approaches, both biochemical and the newer molecular noninvasive prenatal testing assays, used to identify patients who would be best served by invasive testing. PMID:24351443

Robinson, Christopher; van den Boom, Dirk; Bombard, Allan T

2014-03-01

192

Complications Arising in Twin Pregnancy: Findings of Prenatal Ultrasonography  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Multifetal gestations are high-risk pregnancies involving higher perinatal morbidity and mortality, and are subject to unique complications including twin oligohydramnios-polyhydramnios sequence, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, acardiac twins, conjoined twins, co-twin demise, and heterotopic pregnancies. The purpose of this study is to describe the prenatal ultrasonographic and pathologic findings of these complications.

Kim, Jeong-ah; Cho, Jeong Yeon; Lee, Young Ho; Song, Mi Jin; Min, Jee-yeon; Lee, Hak Jong; Han, Byoung Hee; Lee, Kyung-sang; Cho, Byung Jae; Chun, Yi-kyeong

2003-01-01

193

Complications arising in twin pregnancy: findings of prenatal ultrasonography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Multifetal gestations are high-risk pregnancies involving higher perinatal morbidity and mortality, and are subject to unique complications including twin oligohydramnios- polyhydramnios sequence, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, acardiac twins, conjoined twins, co-twin demise, and heterotopic pregnancies. The purpose of this study is to describe the prenatal ultrasonographic and pathologic findings of these complications

194

Complications arising in twin pregnancy: findings of prenatal ultrasonography  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Multifetal gestations are high-risk pregnancies involving higher perinatal morbidity and mortality, and are subject to unique complications including twin oligohydramnios- polyhydramnios sequence, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, acardiac twins, conjoined twins, co-twin demise, and heterotopic pregnancies. The purpose of this study is to describe the prenatal ultrasonographic and pathologic findings of these complications.

Kim, Jeong Ah; Cho, Jeong Yeon; Lee, Young Ho; Song, Mi Jin; Min, Jee Yeon; Lee, Hak Jong; Han, Byoung Hee; Lee, Kyung Sang; Cho, Byung Jae; Chun, Yi Kyeong [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2003-03-01

195

The Involvement of Selected Unemployed and Employed Men with Their Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigated three hypotheses regarding structural predictors of domestic work of fathers of 48 families with a preschooler or kindergartner. Father involvement was greatest when the father was jobless and held a flexible view of the male role, the mother was working, and the target child was the oldest or nearly the oldest. (RJC)

Radin, Norma; Harold-Goldsmith, Rena

1989-01-01

196

[Inequalities in prenatal care in a southeastern city in Brazil].  

Science.gov (United States)

The scope of this article is to evaluate the association between adequate prenatal care and sociodemographic variables in Niterói in the state of Rio de Janeiro. It involved a cross-sectional study conducted between 2000 and 2009 evaluating 62,449 live births using data from the Brazilian Live Birth Information System (SINASC). Multivariate analysis by logistic regression was performed considering quantitatively adequate prenatal care - seven or more visits - as the dependent variable, and maternal age, educational level and skin color as independent variables. The time trends of mother's age, educational level and prenatal visits were also analyzed. The significance level was 5%. There was an improvement in educational level, reduction in adolescent pregnancy and an increase in mothers aged over 35 in Niterói. Women who attended seven or more prenatal visits remained above 80%, though with differences according to age, education and skin color. Adult women (OR = 1.4; IC95% 1.39-1.56). women with eight or more years of schooling (OR = 2.5; IC95% 2.45-2.70) and white women (OR = 2.4; IC95% 2.30-2.53) had more chances of adequate prenatal care. Health inequalities in maternal health care on offer in Niterói were identified, despite improvements in social and demographic indicators in the city. PMID:25014279

Fonseca, Sandra Costa; Monteiro, Daniela da Silva Alves; Pereira, Camila Moraes de Souza Camacho; Scoralick, Ana Carolina Daflon; Jorge, Mariana Gomes; do Rozario, Suelem

2014-07-01

197

Low Attendance by Fathers at Family Literacy Events: Some Tentative Explanations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines reasons behind very low attendance of fathers at primary level family literacy events in Great Britain. Discusses rapid social and demographic changes, the sex- segregated power structure in education, the gendered nature of parental involvement in education, and the nature of family literacy events. Concludes that the environment of…

Macleod, Flora

2000-01-01

198

Parent and Child Perspectives on Mothering and Fathering: The Influence of Ecocultural Niches  

Science.gov (United States)

This mixed-methods study examined differences in parent involvement, perceptions, practices, and context by parent gender, nationality, and education level. Mothers, fathers, and their school-age children participated at two sites: the Midwestern USA ("n" = 99) and urban Central Taiwan ("n"?=?100). Parents completed questionnaires regarding their…

Newland, Lisa A.; Chen, Hui-Hua; Coyl-Shepherd, Diana D.; Liang, Yi-Ching; Carr, Eliann R.; Dykstra, Emily; Gapp, Susan C.

2013-01-01

199

The role of nonperpetrating fathers in Munchausen syndrome by proxy: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a psychiatric condition and form of child abuse in which a caregiver, usually a mother, induces illness in a child to gain attention for herself. Because children that are abused by a MSBP perpetrator are likely to be hospitalized multiple times, it is important for the nurse to know warning signs and symptoms of MSBP. Of particular interest is the role of the child's parent that is not involved in the abuse, usually the father. This article presents a review of literature on MSBP, focusing on the role of the nonperpetrating fathers. PMID:22703679

Morrell, Briyana; Tilley, Donna Scott

2012-08-01

200

Associations Between Father Absence and Age of First Sexual Intercourse  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Children (N = 14–21 years) raised without a biological father in the household have earlier average ages of first sexual intercourse than children raised in father-present households. Competing theoretical perspectives have attributed this either to effects of father absence on socialization and physical maturation, or to nonrandom selection of children predisposed for early sexual intercourse into father absent households. Genetically informative analyses of the children of sister dyads su...

Mendle, Jane; Harden, K. Paige; Turkheimer, Eric; Hulle, Carol A.; D’onofrio, Brian M.; Brooks-gunn, Jeanne; Rodgers, Joseph L.; Emery, Robert E.; Lahey, Benjamin B.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

78 FR 37429 - Father's Day, 2013  

Science.gov (United States)

...men from every walk of life pour themselves into...to us--not just as partners or providers, but also as loving parents who never stop...their kids the best life has to offer. We see...fathers instill the life lessons that set...

2013-06-20

202

Fathering Attitudes and Practices: Influences on Children's Development  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined direct and indirect influences of fathers' reported parenting beliefs and practices on children's development. Participants included 525 fathers and mothers of toddlers enrolled in the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project in 14 communities across the United States. Results show that fathers' modernity defined as…

Shears, Jeffrey; Robinson, Joann

2005-01-01

203

Children in Single-Father Families in Demographic Perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines single-parent families headed by fathers. Studied specially constructed child files from the 1960-90 Public Use Microdata Samples data from the Census of Population. Findings showed single-father families generally rare but increasing. Social capital of children's fathers, availability of adults, and children's economic well-being vary…

Eggebeen, David J.; And Others

1996-01-01

204

Can Men "Mother"? Life as a Single Father.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveyed 141 single fathers about their experience as homemakers, the nature of their father/child relationship, and overall role satisfaction. Most men felt comfortable and competent as single parents, regardless of the reason for custody or their financial status. Both economic status and reason for custody influenced the father/child…

Risman, Barbara J.

1986-01-01

205

Children and Housework in the Single Father Family.  

Science.gov (United States)

Questionnaire response from 1,136 single fathers raising children alone revealed that as children grew older, they participated more in housework, and that fathers received more help from teenage daughters than from teenage sons. Fathers' use of outside help and daughters as mother substitutes are discussed. (Author/NRB)

Greif, Geoffrey L.

1985-01-01

206

Father-Infant Interactions Are Enhanced by Massage Therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined the impact of fathers giving massages to their infants, ages 3 to 14 months, for 15 minutes prior to their daily bedtime for 1 month. Found that fathers who had massaged their infants were more expressive and showed more enjoyment and more warmth during floor-play interactions with their infants than did fathers in the wait-list control…

Cullen, Christy; Field, Tiffany; Escalona, Angelica; Hartshorn, Kristin

2000-01-01

207

38 CFR 10.31 - Dependency of mother or father.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dependency of mother or father. 10.31 Section 10.31 Pensions...Compensation; General § 10.31 Dependency of mother or father. Claims of a mother or father for the benefits to which either may...

2010-07-01

208

Fathers for Change: A New Approach to Working with Fathers Who Perpetrate Intimate Partner Violence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Legal and social service systems rarely acknowledge the status of men as fathers in the conceptualization and delivery of interventions for intimate partner violence (IPV). Large percentages of men who are arrested and mandated to intervention programs for IPV are fathers who continue to live with or have consistent contact with their young children despite aggression and substance use. There are currently no evidence-based treatments that address co-morbid substance abuse and domestic violen...

Stover, Carla Smith

2013-01-01

209

Fathers' child feeding practices: a review of the evidence.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite their expanding role in child rearing, fathers are underrepresented in child feeding research. To address this knowledge gap and encourage father-focused research, this review compiles child feeding research that has included fathers and (i) documents characteristics of studies assessing fathers' feeding practices including study design, setting, recruitment strategies, participant characteristics, theoretical models utilized and measures of child feeding, (ii) outlines general patterns in fathers' feeding practices along with similarities and differences in mothers' and fathers' feeding practices, (iii) summarizes evidence on child and parent correlates of fathers' feeding practices and (iv) generates future research recommendations. A literature review of relevant articles published up to February 2014 was conducted. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they: (i) included fathers, or primary male caregivers, of children 2-18 years of age, (ii) measured fathers' child feeding practices or perceived role in child feeding through objective (e.g., meal observations) or subjective (i.e., fathers' self-report) methods, (iii) analyzed and presented data on fathers separately from mothers and (iv) were published in a peer reviewed journal in the English language. Twenty studies met eligibility criteria. Few studies included an operational definition of "father". Samples were generally small and focused on white, well-educated fathers, cohabiting with the child's mother. Most studies utilized self-report measures of child feeding practices that have not been validated specifically for use with fathers. Pressuring children to eat was a common feeding strategy adopted by fathers. Some differences were noted in mothers' and fathers' feeding practices; fathers were generally less likely to monitor children's food intake and to limit access to food compared with mothers. Child adiposity and a range of child and parent characteristics were associated with fathers' feeding practices. The literature on fathers' child feeding practices is scant. This review consolidates what is known to date and highlights focal areas for future research including the need to recruit diverse samples of fathers and utilize measures validated for use with fathers. PMID:24667152

Khandpur, Neha; Blaine, Rachel E; Fisher, Jennifer Orlet; Davison, Kirsten K

2014-07-01

210

Fathers' views on their financial situations, father-child activities, and preventing child injuries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Unintentional injuries are a leading public health problem for children, particularly among those living at lower socioeconomic levels. Parents play an important preventive role, and the aim of this study was to examine fathers' views on the role of their family financial situation in preventing children's injuries. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 fathers of children 2 to 7 years living in western Canada. Questions solicited fathers' views about their financial situation and their child injury prevention efforts. Data analysis was underpinned by masculinity theory and guided by constant comparative grounded theory methods. Findings included that fathers living with fewer financial limitations emphasized use of safety equipment and aligned themselves with provider and protector masculine ideals. Fathers with moderate financial constraint described more child-centered safety efforts and efforts to manage finances. Those facing greatest constraint demonstrated aspects of marginalized masculinities, whereby they acknowledged their economic provider limitations while strongly aligning with the protector role. These findings hold relevance for development of interventions aimed at reducing child injury risk inequities. Taking into account how masculinities may shape their beliefs and practices can inform design of father-centered interventions for men living at different points on the socioeconomic spectrum. PMID:24334676

Olsen, Lise L; Oliffe, John L; Brussoni, Mariana; Creighton, Genevieve

2015-01-01

211

Preparing heart and mind following prenatal diagnosis of complex congenital heart defect.  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on attachment and caregiving theory and the concept of motivation, the purpose of this descriptive study was to examine parents' retrospective accounts of their prenatal experiences after receiving the diagnosis of a fetal heart defect. These parents constituted a subgroup of participants in a larger longitudinal study of parenting an infant with a complex congenital heart defect. Data were derived from 14 semistructured interviews with 13 mothers and 3 fathers in the home or hospital setting. A directed content analysis yielded a central category of preparing heart and mind for infant caregiving. Preparing heart and mind is a preliminary caregiving goal within the caregiving system that generates intentions and expectations indicative of specific caregiving motivations to relate to the baby, handle circumstances practically, and manage infant medical care. A theoretical model illustrates the prenatal process these parents engaged in to provide care to their infants with life-threatening medical conditions. PMID:22927700

McKechnie, Anne Chevalier; Pridham, Karen

2012-12-01

212

Child Health USA 2013: Prenatal Care Utilization  

Science.gov (United States)

... and Reader's Guide Introduction Perinatal Health Status Indicators Perinatal Risk Factors and Behaviors Health Services Utilization Programs and Policies Health Services Utilization > Prenatal Care Utilization Prenatal Care Utilization Narrative Early and adequate ...

213

Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of Prenatal Stress  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The influence of prenatal stress on psychopathology has been observed in many animal and human studies. In many studies, stress during prenatal period has been shown to result in negative feedback dysregulation and hyperactivity of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. Prenatal stres also may cause increased risk of birth complications, startle or distress in response to novel and surprising stimuli during infancy; lower Full Scale IQs, language abilities and attention deficiency in period of 3-5 years; increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome, anxiety symptoms, depressive disorder and impulsivity during adolescence. Additionally, timing of prenatal stress is also important and 12-22 weeks of gestation seems to be the most vulnerable period. The results underline the need for early prevention and intervention programs for highly anxious women during pregnancy. Administration of prenatal stress monitoring to public health programs or removing pregnant women who have been exposed to life events such as natural disaster, terror attack to secure areas that provide basic needs may be crucial.

M. Genco Usta

2012-03-01

214

Diagnóstico prenatal del pie bot Prenatal diagnosis of clubfoot  

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Full Text Available Introducción. El pie bot es una de las anomalías músculo- esqueléticas congénitas más frecuentes. La utilización de la ecografía para la detección prenatal del pie bot ha avanzado rápidamente en la última década, pero las publicaciones han presentado una gran variabilidad de opiniones en cuanto a la eficacia del método, la asociación con otras patologías y la necesidad de realizar amniocentesis para análisis del cariotipo. Objetivos. Analizar en qué porcentaje de pacientes se realizó diagnóstico prenatal del pie bot, evaluar la opinión de las madres al respecto y aclarar algunos conceptos revisando la bibliografía disponible a la fecha. Métodos. Se analizó retrospectivamente un grupo de 54 pacientes consecutivos con diagnóstico de pie bot tratados en el período enero 2008-junio 2010. Se documentaron el número de ecografías realizadas durante el embarazo, el tipo de ecografía realizada (2D, 3D o 4D y la semana de gestación al momento del diagnóstico. Las madres fueron encuestadas a fin de conocer su opinión con respecto al diagnóstico prenatal de esta deformidad. Resultados. Se realizaron 3,2 ecografías promedio durante el embarazo (r, 1-7. En el 25% (13/52 de los casos se realizó diagnóstico prenatal. El diagnóstico fue realizado en 7 casos con ecografía 2D, en 4 con 3D y en 2 con 4D, y en promedio se efectuó a la semana 22 (r, 20-28. En ningún paciente se llevó a cabo diagnóstico temprano, en 12 fue tardío y en 1 muy tardío. Conclusión. El diagnóstico prenatal permite a los padres de prepararse psicológicamente y asesorarse sobre la patología. En nuestra serie, el 90,4% se mostró a favor de conocer previamente el diagnóstico.Introduction. Clubfoot is one of the most frequent congenital musculoskeletal anomalies. The use of ultrasound for prenatal detection of clubfoot has advanced rapidly in the last decade, but publications report a great variability in opinions regarding the effectiveness of the method, the association with other diseases and the need to perform amniocentesis analysis of the karyotype. Objectives. To analyze the percentage of patients with prenatal diagnosis of clubfoot, evaluate mothers' opinion on this issue, and clarify some concepts by reviewing the literature available to date. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed a group of 54 consecutive patients diagnosed with clubfoot treated from January 2008 to June 2010. We documented the number of ultrasounds performed during pregnancy, type of ultrasound (2D, 3D or 4D and the gestational week at diagnosis. Mothers were surveyed to ascertain their opinion with regard to prenatal diagnosis. Results. An average of 3.2 ultrasounds was performed during pregnancy (r, 1-7. Prenatal diagnosis was performed in 25% of cases (13/52 patients. Diagnosis was performed in 7 cases with 2-D ultrasound in 4 with 3-D and in 2 with 4-D. Diagnosis was performed on average at week 22 (r, 20- 28. No patient was diagnosed early, 12 were diagnosed late and 1 very late. Conclusion. Prenatal diagnosis gives parents the opportunity for psychological preparation and counseling regarding clubfoot. In our series, 90.4% supported prenatal diagnosis.

Julio Javier Masquijo

2011-12-01

215

Fibrochondrogenesis: prenatal diagnosis and outcome.  

Science.gov (United States)

We studied 20 cases with fibrochondrogenesis (FCG) diagnosed prenatally. Four cases were diagnosed at our fetal unit, and 16 cases were identified through a review of literature (in English). The prenatal diagnosis of FCG was made in 4/20 (20%). Six (30%) patients opted for termination of pregnancy (TOP). A total of 13 cases delivered at term. Four (30.8%) had a caesarean section. Four neonates (30.7%) were stillborn and seven (53.8%) neonates died within 3 months. Two infants survived beyond 3 years of age, but both had severe global developmental delay. A molecular study of the surviving children revealed two null homozygous mutations in COL11A1 [c.4084C > T (p.R1362X) and c.3708 + c.437T > G]. We concluded that the prenatal diagnosis of fibrochondrogenesis is feasible. Fibrochondrogenesis is usually a fatal disease and survivors suffer from severe physical and neurological impairment. PMID:24127948

Bekdache, G N; Begam, M A; Chedid, F; Al-Gazali, L; Mirghani, H

2013-10-01

216

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital dacryocystocele.  

Science.gov (United States)

Congenital bilateral dacryocystocele was diagnosed prenatally by ultrasonography in 3 female fetuses at 32.5 weeks gestation. After birth, first baby developed respiratory distress and was treated with endoscopic marsupialization of the cysts; the second baby had no respiratory symptoms and had spontaneous resolution of the cysts without surgery. The last one was expected to have a left dacryocystocele in US but the clinical examination after birth showed a bilateral lesion, with predominance on the right side and underwent an endoscopic marsupialization for nasal obstruction. Prenatal diagnosis with ultrasonography facilitated the education of the mothers and staff and helped minimize the risk of potential complications. PMID:23411136

Bachelard-Serra, Mathilde; Chau, Cécile; Farinetti, Anne; Roman, Stéphane; Triglia, Jean-Michel; Nicollas, Richard

2013-05-01

217

The Father, the Son, and Obama  

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Full Text Available During the early 1990s, George H.W. Bush was being inundated with criticism since many individuals believed he had failed to devise an effective plan for bringing the United States out of a serious economic downturn. In the years following his time in the White House, some analysts continued to dwell on Bush’s response to this recession, but there were others who elected to examine his performance in the international arena. Most of the evaluators of his foreign policy were of the opinion that he exercised great caution when he was dealing with developments on the world stage. While George W. Bush was running for president in 2000, it appeared as if he would be guided by this example that had been set by his father since he frequently scrutinized risky endeavors such as nation-building missions. However, once he won that election, a lot of comparisons could not be drawn between him and his father because he proceeded to introduce a rather ambitious agenda on the foreign front. From 2009 to the present, Barack Obama, the sitting U.S. president, has not attempted to accomplish lofty objectives as his predecessor did for eight years. Instead, he has opted to emulate the more circumspect approach of Bush’s father. Inside the following article, this bond between Barack Obama and George H. W. Bush will be looked at in a thorough fashion.

Jason Cooley

2013-08-01

218

Fathers faring poorly: results of an Internet-based survey of fathers of young children.  

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Fathers of young children may face health challenges. In this article, the authors sought to characterize health-related challenges among fathers of young children (aged 4 years or younger) through the use of an Internet survey. Questions covered an unusually large battery of outcomes related to men's health, including general health, affect, and sexual function. A total of 126 adult fathers provided usable data. The most notable findings were that scores on the General Health Questionnaire, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, and negative affect indicated poor general health and high levels of distress and negative affect compared with normative data. Relationship satisfaction, sexual desire, and sexual activity were similar to normative data, although sexual enjoyment with and without a partner were lower among fathers participating in this study. Some variables were associated with each other (e.g., relationship satisfaction and affect) but most were not. This study also indicates that fathers can be successfully recruited through Internet-based survey research. PMID:21059691

Durette, Rob; Marrs, Chandler; Gray, Peter B

2011-09-01

219

Does Group Prenatal Care Affect Satisfaction And Prenatal Care Utilization in Iranian Pregnant Women?  

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Full Text Available Background: The need to provide high quality prenatal care services, which take account of womens views and specifically address their need for information, support and communication, has been advocated and group prenatal care, had been suggested as one of the ways to achieve this objective. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of group versus individual prenatal care on satisfaction and prenatal care use.Methods: This was a cluster-randomized controlled trial with the health center as the randomization unit that conducted in 2007. Satisfaction was measured through a standardized questionnaire, and the Kotelchuck Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization Index was used to measure prenatal care utilization.Results: We recruited 678 women (group prenatal care, (N= 344 and individal prenatal care, (N=334 in the study. Women in group prenatal care model were more satisfied than women in individual prenatal care model in all areas evaluated, including information, communication, co-ordination and quality of care. Group care women were significantly more likely to have adequate prenatal care than individual care women were (OR=1.35 95% CI=1.26-1.44.Conclusions: Group prenatal care was associated with a significant improvement in client satisfaction and prenatal care utilization. This model of care has implications for the planning and provision of prenatal services within public health system, which is moving toward a better quality health care, and increasing use of services

A Fotouhi

2010-06-01

220

Breast cancer patients with lobular cancer more commonly have a father than a mother diagnosed with cancer  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The association between lobular breast cancer and family history is not clear. The aim of the study was to possibly identifying new hereditary patterns predisposing for cancer in the different histopathologic subtypes of breast cancer, with focus on patients with lobular breast cancer and cancer in their first degree relatives. Methods In 1676 consecutive breast cancer patients detailed family history of cancer was related to histopathologic subtype of breast cancer. Results Patients with lobular breast cancer were found to be significantly positively associated with having a father diagnosed with cancer, OR 2.17 (95% confidence interval (CI 1.37-3.46. The finding persisted after excluding breast cancer in the family. Ductal breast cancer was associated with having a mother diagnosed with cancer. There was a significant association between lobular breast cancer and having a father with prostate cancer, OR 2.4 (CI 1.1-5.3. The occurrence of having a father with prostate cancer for lobular breast cancer patients was higher in the younger patient group, OR 2.9 (CI 1.1-7.8, and was still high but lost statistical significance in the older patient group, OR 1.9 (CI 0.5-7.4. The association between lobular breast cancer and a father remained significant after excluding fathers with prostate cancer, OR 1.94 (CI 1.20-3.14. Other commonly occurring tumor types in the father included sarcoma and leukemia. Conclusion We propose that lobular breast cancer is associated with having a father diagnosed with cancer, most commonly prostate carcinoma. Since the association remained after excluding family history of breast cancer, the association seems independent of classical breast cancer heredity. The association with a father diagnosed with cancer also remained after removing prostate cancer, indicating an independence from prostate cancer as well. The reason for this association is genetically unclear, but could involve sex-specific imprinting.

Ellberg Carolina

2011-11-01

 
 
 
 
221

The expectations of fathers concerning care provided by midwives to the mothers during labour  

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Full Text Available Midwives have been criticised for neglecting the expectations and needs of fathers. They either ignore the fathers or pressure them into becoming more involved than they would choose, if allowed to provide support to the mothers during labour. Whilst midwives are providing woman-centred care, it is important that they remember to involve the fathers in decision-making and to acknowledge their role, expectations and needs, because the birth of a child is one of the most important events in a person’s lifetime. This study focused on fathers’ expectations of the care provided to mothers by the midwives during labour. A qualitative, explorative, descriptive and contextual study design was utilised. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with fathers about the care provided to their partners or wives by midwives. Data were then analysed with an open descriptive method of coding that is appropriate for qualitative research. The results of the interviews were subsequently positioned within a holistic health-promotive nursing theory that encompassed body, mind and spirit. The results revealed that fathers saw the provision of comfort and support as the two main aspects for mothers in labour that they expected from midwives. The findings were that midwives should improve their communication skills with the mothers, as well as with the fathers if they are available. Fathers expected midwives to encourage them to accompany the mother during labour and to facilitate bonding between father, mother and baby. The results of this study should assist midwives to provide holistic quality care to mothers and fathers during labour.

Opsomming

Vroedvroue word daarvan beskuldig dat hulle nie voldoen aan die verwagtinge en behoeftes van die vaders nie. Vaders word, óf deur hulle geïgnoreer, óf druk word op hulle uitgeoefen om meer betrokke te raak as waarmee hulle gemaklik is, indien hulle wel toegelaat word om moeders te ondersteun tydens die kraamproses. Vroedvroue verskaf moeder-gesentreerde sorg, maar dit is nogtans belangrik dat hulle onthou om die vaders te betrek in die besluitneming en hulle rol, verwagtinge en behoeftes te erken omdat die geboorte van ‘n kind een van die belangrikste gebeurtenisse in hulle lewens is. Die studie het gefokus op vaders se verwagtinge van die sorg wat verskaf word aan moeders tydens kraam. ‘n Kwalitatiewe, eksploratiewe, beskrywende en kontekstuele navorsingsontwerp is gebruik. Data is ingesamel deur in-diepte onderhoude met vaders te voer oor die sorg wat aan hul vroue of metgeselle tydens die kraamproses verskaf word deur vroedvroue. Data is daarna geanaliseer deur ‘n oop beskrywende metode te gebruik wat toepaslik is vir kwalitatiewe navorsing. Die resultate van die onderhoude is vervolgens geposisioneer binne ‘n holistiese, gesondheids-bevorderende teorie wat verwys na liggaam, psige en gees. Die resultate toon dat gemak en ondersteuning die twee hoofkategorieë is wat verskaf moet word deur vroedvroue aan moeders tydens die kraamproses. Die ander kategorieë wat aangedui word in die resultate, is dat vroedvroue hulle onderlinge kommunikasievaardighede moet verbeter, asook hul kommunikasie met die moeders en vaders indien laasgenoemde beskikbaar is. Die vaders het van vroedvroue verwag om hulle aan te moedig om moeders by te staan tydens die kraamproses en om binding tussen vader, moeder en baba aan te moedig.

How to cite this article: Sengane, M.L.M. & Nolte, A.G.W., 2012, ‘The expectations of fathers concerning care provided by midwives to the mothers during labour’, Health SA Gesondheid 17(1, Art.#527, 10 pages. http://dx.doi. org/10.4102/hsag.v17i1.527

Anna G.W. Nolte

2012-02-01

222

Prenatal exposure to a viral mimetic alters behavioural flexibility in male, but not female, rats.  

Science.gov (United States)

Current understanding of the etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders is limited; however, recent epidemiological studies demonstrate a strong correlation between prenatal infection during pregnancy and the development of schizophrenia in adult offspring. In particular, schizophrenia patients subjected to prenatal infection exhibit impairments in executive functions greater than schizophrenia patients not exposed to an infection while in utero. Acute prenatal treatment of rodents with the viral mimetic polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (PolyI:C) induces behavioural and neuropathological alterations in the adult offspring similar to schizophrenia. However, impairments on tasks of executive function that involve the prefrontal cortex (PFC) have been rarely examined for the prenatal infection model. Hence, we investigated the effects of acute prenatal injection of PolyI:C (4.0 mg/kg, i.v., gestational day 15) on strategy set-shifting and reversal learning in an operant-based task. Our results show male, but not female, PolyI:C-treated adult offspring require more trials to reach criterion and perseverate during set-shifting. An opposite pattern was seen on the reversal day where the PolyI:C-treated male rats made fewer regressive errors. Females took more pre-training days and were slower to respond during the trials when compared to males regardless of prenatal treatment. The present findings validate the utility of the prenatal infection model for examining alterations of executive function, one of the most prominent cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. PMID:21376064

Zhang, Ying; Cazakoff, Brittany N; Thai, Chester A; Howland, John G

2012-03-01

223

She said, he said: Comparing mothers' and fathers' reports on the non-resident father's contact with his children  

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Full Text Available Background: Analyses of contact frequency between non-resident fathers and children have often been based on samples of non-resident fathers or resident mothers only. It is well established that non-resident fathers tend to report more contact than the resident mothers do, but it is less clear if it matters which parent we ask, when the aim is to explore predictors of father-child contact. Objective: We wish to add to the literature on predictors of father-child contact, especially if it matters whether we rely on the resident mothers' or the non-resident fathers' answers. Methods: Analyzing a high-quality Norwegian survey from 2004 of ex-couple-parents living apart, we ran separate OLS regressions estimating the predictors of number of contact days and nights, based on the mothers' and the fathers' answers, respectively. Results: Father-child contact is largely associated with the same independent variables, whether we use the non-resident fathers' or the resident mothers' answers, but some differences do appear. We observe more significant associations between father-child contact days and the independent variables based on the resident mothers' than the non-resident fathers' reporting. The mother's educational attainment and whether the father has children with more former partners have significant effects in the subsample of resident mothers, but not in the subsample of non-resident fathers. Conclusions: Future surveys should collect information from both parents. Using information from one parent only should be a last resort, if more adequate data cannot be obtained.

Ragni Hege Kitterød

2014-03-01

224

Fathers, physical child abuse, and neglect: advancing the knowledge base.  

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Fathers are overrepresented as perpetrators of physical child maltreatment, particularly in its most severe forms. Despite this, the research literature continues to lack specificity regarding the role fathers play in risk for physical child abuse or neglect (PCAN). Furthermore, although fathers have received more attention with respect to child sexual abuse and its treatment, their influence has been largely disregarded in many intervention efforts to reduce PCAN. Inadequate attention to the role of fathers, both in research and practice, has numerous problematic implications for the prevention of child maltreatment. The goal of this special issue is to disseminate new research that examines fathers' roles by focusing on multiple fathering factors that may directly and indirectly shape both maternal and paternal risk of engaging in PCAN. In the introduction to the special issue, we highlight key questions in the research literature and present our perspective on how the articles included in this special issue address some of these gaps. PMID:19581429

Lee, Shawna J; Bellamy, Jennifer L; Guterman, Neil B

2009-08-01

225

Attributions and Attitudes of Mothers and Fathers in the Philippines.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE.: This paper investigates the mean level and within-family similarities and differences in Filipino mothers' and fathers' attributions about success and failure in caregiving situations, and their progressive and authoritarian parenting attitudes. DESIGN.: Both mothers and fathers in 95 families in metropolitan Manila completed interviews. RESULTS.: Controlling for parents' age, education, and possible social desirability bias, there was a significant gender difference in modernity of attitudes, with mothers exhibiting higher levels of modernity than fathers. There was a strong correlation in mothers' and fathers' authoritarian attitudes and moderate correlations in modernity of attitudes. There were neither parent gender effects nor concordance in the attributions of mothers and fathers. CONCLUSIONS.: Cultural explanations are presented to account for the findings, specifically the sociocultural values that foster traditional attitudes favoring parental authority and child obedience, and the differences in gender and family roles of Filipino mothers and fathers. PMID:21826132

Alampay, Liane Peña; Jocson, Rosanne M

2011-07-29

226

The role of the father in the development of psychosis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In psychoanalysis, fathering has not received much analytical at­tention and only little is known about the actual impact of paternity on the development of certain psychopathology. This paper seeks to carefully examine and critically discuss the impact of fathering on psychotic individuals. It elaborates on the importance of the father in the healthy development of the children, as well as on the consequences that his absence entails for their psyche. Drawing on a Lacanian analytical ...

Avramaki Elissavet; Tsekeris Charalambos

2011-01-01

227

Expectant fathers' knowledge of maternal morbidity: a Sri Lankan experience  

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Background: Male partners play an important and vital role in the decision-making process regarding pregnant women’s health. The purpose of the present study was to assess the knowledge and awareness of expectant fathers about Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH), and anaemia during pregnancy. Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out among expectant fathers whose partners were attending antenatal clinics at the Anuradhapura Teaching Hospital, Sri Lanka. All consenting participants were interviewed by investigators using an interviewer administered questionnaire to collect data on knowledge of risk factors, symptoms, complications and their control. Statistical analysis was performed using the Kruskal Wallis test.  Results: Of the 246 expectant fathers studied, 192 (78%) were aware of GDM, 183 (74.4%) and 154 (62.6%) were aware of PIH and anaemia during pregnancy, respectively. The total number of answers provided by expectant fathers ranged from 0 to 33 (of 41 questions). There were 44 fathers who could not answer even a single question. For GDM, anaemia, and PIH, the percentages of expectant fathers who failed to provide at least a single correct answer were 24.8%, 40.2%, and 31.3%, respectively. The median number of total correct answers provided increased steadily along with the average income (chi-square 31.24, p<0.001) and educational level (chi-square 33.57, p<0.001). Expectant fathers in the 25-34 age group had significantly higher scores, compared to younger and older fathers (chi-square 15.11, p=0.001). Fathers experiencing the second pregnancy of their spouses also had higher scores. Conclusions: Expectant father’s knowledge of the selected morbidities was limited. To improve maternal health, any health promotional programmes should include expectant fathers.

Weekrakkody, Amaya; Weerasinghe, Gihan M; Weerasinghe, Mayumi P; Weerasekara, Gayan L; Agampodi, Suneth B

2013-01-01

228

Commentary: Getting fathers into parenting programmes - a reflection on Panter-Brick et al. (2014).  

Science.gov (United States)

Research, policy and clinical practice focussed on engaging and working with fathers and their children often seems to oscillate between extremes. Where policy documents relating to children's health and wellbeing do include fathers it is often in a restricted way, and similarly discussions about the role of fathers in the media are often one-dimensional. It is sometimes hard to escape a feeling of despondency at the continuing exchanges, too often made ignoring or misinterpreting years of research regarding the importance of co-parenting and the involvement of fathers and other carers. One of the great contributions of child and adolescent mental health professionals has been the drawing of attention to the importance of family processes and systemic thinking, yet in relation to parenting, this seems to have been increasingly overlooked in recent years with an increased focus on attachment or social learning inspired approaches for a single parent-child dyad. In this issue of the JCPP, in a thorough and timely review, Catherine Panter-Brick and colleagues call for a clear change to the way parenting programmes are considered, studied and implemented. In this commentary, we reflect on this call and look at three challenges for CAMHS professionals. PMID:25135767

Ramchandani, Paul; Iles, Jane

2014-11-01

229

Síndrome de Moebius, comunicación interventricular asociado a exposición prenatal a misoprostol / Moebius syndrome, ventricular septal defect due to prenatal exposure to misoprostol  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: El síndrome o secuencia de Moebius se caracteriza por la afectación del nervio facial y nervio abducens y puede estar asociado a defectos congênitos orofaciales y de las extremidades. Adicionalmente en las dos últimas décadas se han reortada una posible asociación con exposición prenat [...] al a misoprostol. Objetivo: Presentar un caso de síndrome de Moebius con cardiopatía compleja (comunicación interventricular y pseudocoartación de aorta) asociado a exposición prenatal a misoprostol. Caso clínico: Paciente de 5 años quien consulta por antecedente de retardo en el desarrollo psicomotor, anomalías craneofaciales, cardiacas y de las extremidades, con antecedente de exposición prenatal a misoprostol, a quien se le diagnóstica síndrome de Moebius. Conclusiones: Aunque la etiología de este síndrome no es clara, un mecanismo fisiopatológico involucrado es el de la hipoxia que puede ser secundario a la exposición prenatal a misoprostol. Abstract in english Introduction: Moebius syndrome/sequence is characterized by facial and abducens nerve damage and may be associated with congenital orofacial and limb defects. Additionally, in the last two decades, a possible association with prenatal exposure to misoprostol has been reported. Objective: To present [...] a case of Moebius Syndrome with complex heart disease (ventricular septal defect and pseudocoarctation of the aorta) associated with prenatal exposure to misoprostol. Case report: A 5 year old patient diagnosed with Moebius Syndrome who consulted specialists due to psychomotor retardation, craniofacial, heart and limb defects, and with a history of prenatal exposure to misoprostol is presented. Conclusions: Although the etiology of this syndrome is not clear, hypoxia is a pathophysiological mechanism involved, which can be secondary to prenatal exposure to misoprostol.

Harry, Pachajoa L; Carolina, Isaza de L.

2013-07-01

230

Prenatal Sonographic Diagnosis of Non-classical Cystic Lymph angioma  

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We report two cases of non-classical fetal lymph angioma, which were diagnosed at prenatal ultrasonography and confimed at autopsy. The tumor involved axilla and anterior mediastinum in one case and lower back and thigh in the other case. The common ultrasonographic findings in both cases were cystic masses with irregular margin and prominent internal septa. In one case, Doppler ultrasonography demonstrated the absence of flow signal in the mass

Kim, Seung Hyup [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Hong, Sung Gak [Cheil Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic Iri, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of)

1996-06-15

231

EUROCAT website data on prenatal detection rates of congenital anomalies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The EUROCAT website www.eurocat-network.eu publishes prenatal detection rates for major congenital anomalies using data from European population-based congenital anomaly registers, covering 28% of the EU population as well as non-EU countries. Data are updated annually. This information can be useful for comparative purposes to clinicians and public health service managers involved in the antenatal care of pregnant women as well as those interested in perinatal epidemiology.

Garne, Ester; Dolk, Helen

2010-01-01

232

Prenatal MRI Findings of Polycystic Kidney Disease Associated with Holoprosencephaly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Holoprosencephaly (HPE) and polycystic kidney disease (PKD) are genetically heterogeneous anomalies which can make up part of various syndromes or chromosomal anomalies. Due to the rapid lethality prognosis, early and precise prenatal diagnosis would be of great value. This case report describes extensive PKD involvement, already present in utero, in a patient with HPE and subdural effusion visible by MR imaging. The detailed anatomic information obtained by the MR imaging can guide the surgical planning and can aid antenatal counseling

233

Prenatal MRI Findings of Polycystic Kidney Disease Associated with Holoprosencephaly  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Holoprosencephaly (HPE) and polycystic kidney disease (PKD) are genetically heterogeneous anomalies which can make up part of various syndromes or chromosomal anomalies. Due to the rapid lethality prognosis, early and precise prenatal diagnosis would be of great value. This case report describes extensive PKD involvement, already present in utero, in a patient with HPE and subdural effusion visible by MR imaging. The detailed anatomic information obtained by the MR imaging can guide the surgical planning and can aid antenatal counseling.

Koplay, Mustafa [Ergani Status Hospital, Diyarbakir (Turkmenistan); Onbas, Omer; Alper, Fatih; Borekci, Bunyamin [Ataturk University, Erzurum (Turkmenistan)

2009-06-15

234

Prenatal Sonographic Diagnosis of Non-classical Cystic Lymph angioma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report two cases of non-classical fetal lymph angioma, which were diagnosed at prenatal ultrasonography and confimed at autopsy. The tumor involved axilla and anterior mediastinum in one case and lower back and thigh in the other case. The common ultrasonographic findings in both cases were cystic masses with irregular margin and prominent internal septa. In one case, Doppler ultrasonography demonstrated the absence of flow signal in the mass

235

Congenital mesoblastic nephroma and ovarian cyst. Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Mesoblastic nephroma is the most common solid renal tumor observed in newborns. the ultrasound study discloses a solid mass that can not be distinguished from Wilms' tumor or adrenal neuroblastoma. A case is presented involving a 37-week-old fetus in which ultrasound study revealed a solid renal mass and a cyst located in the abdominal cavity. The prenatal diagnosis was mesoblastic nephroma and ovarian cyst. Surgery performed after the birth of the infant confirmed both diagnosis. (Author) 10 refs

236

Fathers Are Important People: A Study of Father-Son Sexual Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived role of African-American fathers in educating their sons about sex and HIV prevention. Given that some studies have shown a relationship between parent-adolescent sexual communication and adolescent sexual behavior, and the disproportionately high rates of teen pregnancy and HIV (and other…

DiIorio, Colleen; Lehr, Sally; Wasserman, Jill L.; Eichler, Michelle; Cherry, Chauncey; Denzmore, Pamela

2006-01-01

237

Addressing policy barriers to paternal involvement during pregnancy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Efforts to reduce infant mortality in the United States have failed to incorporate paternal involvement. Research suggests that paternal involvement, which has been recognized as contributing to child development and health for many decades, is likely to affect infant mortality through the mother's well-being, primarily her access to resources and support. In spite of that, systemic barriers facing the father and the influence on his involvement in the pregnancy have received little attention. The Commission on Paternal Involvement in Pregnancy Outcomes (CPIPO) has identified the most important social barriers to paternal involvement during pregnancy and outlined a set of key policy priorities aimed at fostering paternal involvement. This article summarizes the key recommendations, including equitable paternity leave, elimination of marriage as a tax and public assistance penalty, integration of fatherhood initiatives in MCH programs, support of low-income fathers through employment training, father inclusion in family planning services, and expansion of birth data collection to include father information. PMID:21472512

Alio, Amina P; Bond, M Jermane; Padilla, Yolanda C; Heidelbaugh, Joel J; Lu, Michael; Parker, Willie J

2011-05-01

238

Prenatal Screening Using Maternal Markers  

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Full Text Available Maternal markers are widely used to screen for fetal neural tube defects (NTDs, chromosomal abnormalities and cardiac defects. Some are beginning to broaden prenatal screening to include pregnancy complications such as pre-eclampsia. The methods initially developed for NTDs using a single marker have since been built upon to develop high performance multi-maker tests for chromosomal abnormalities. Although cell-free DNA testing is still too expensive to be considered for routine application in public health settings, it can be cost-effective when used in combination with existing multi-maker marker tests. The established screening methods can be readily applied in the first trimester to identify pregnancies at high risk of pre-eclampsia and offer prevention though aspirin treatment. Prenatal screening for fragile X syndrome might be adopted more widely if the test was to be framed as a form of maternal marker screening.

Howard Cuckle

2014-05-01

239

Radioimmunoassays in prenatal genetic diagnosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Prenatal medicine strives to reveal hereditary disorders and congenital malformations before delivery. The application of RIA significantly widened the spectrum of available diagnostic possibilities. We first focused our attention on determining alpha-1-fetoprotein in the amniotic fluid and the serum. We used the results of 33 examinations of the amniotic fluid and 100 samples of the blood serum to compile a graph of physiological values during pregnancy. The graph is used in assessing clinical samples in suspect congenital disorders of neural tube closure and other malformations. In the last two years we have tested testosterone determination in the amniotic fluid to ascertain prenatally the fetal sex in early pregnancy. The results were satisfactory and agreed in 70.6%. (author)

240

Does Group Prenatal Care Affect Satisfaction And Prenatal Care Utilization in Iranian Pregnant Women?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: The need to provide high quality prenatal care services, which take account of womens views and specifically address their need for information, support and communication, has been advocated and group prenatal care, had been suggested as one of the ways to achieve this objective. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of group versus individual prenatal care on satisfaction and prenatal care use.Methods: This was a cluster-randomized controlled trial with the health c...

Fotouhi, A.; Mohammad, K.; Eftekhar, H.; Jafari, F.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Ovarian cysts on prenatal MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: Ovarian cysts are the most frequently encountered intra-abdominal masses in females in utero. They may, at times, require perinatal intervention. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an adjunct to ultrasonography (US) in prenatal diagnosis, we sought to demonstrate the ability to visualize ovarian cysts on prenatal MRI. Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 17 fetal MRI scans from 16 female fetuses (23–37 gestational weeks) with an MRI diagnosis of ovarian cysts after suspicious US findings. A multiplanar MRI protocol was applied to image and to characterize the cysts. The US and MRI findings were compared, and the prenatal findings were compared with postnatal imaging findings or histopathology. Results: Simple ovarian cysts were found in 10/16 cases and complex cysts in 7/16 cases, including one case with both. In 11/16 (69%) cases, US and MRI diagnoses were in agreement, and, in 5/16 (31%) cases, MRI specified or expanded the US diagnosis. In 6/16 cases, postnatal US showed that the cysts spontaneously resolved or decreased in size, and in 1/16 cases, postnatal imaging confirmed a hemorrhagic cyst. In 4/16 cases, the prenatal diagnoses were confirmed by surgery/histopathology, and for the rest, postnatal correlation was not available. Conclusion: Our results illustrate the MRI visualization of ovarian cysts in utero. In most cases, MRI will confirm the US diagnosis. In certain cases, MRI may provide further diagnostic information, additional to US, which is the standard technique for diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment planning.

242

Ovarian cysts on prenatal MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective: Ovarian cysts are the most frequently encountered intra-abdominal masses in females in utero. They may, at times, require perinatal intervention. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an adjunct to ultrasonography (US) in prenatal diagnosis, we sought to demonstrate the ability to visualize ovarian cysts on prenatal MRI. Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 17 fetal MRI scans from 16 female fetuses (23-37 gestational weeks) with an MRI diagnosis of ovarian cysts after suspicious US findings. A multiplanar MRI protocol was applied to image and to characterize the cysts. The US and MRI findings were compared, and the prenatal findings were compared with postnatal imaging findings or histopathology. Results: Simple ovarian cysts were found in 10/16 cases and complex cysts in 7/16 cases, including one case with both. In 11/16 (69%) cases, US and MRI diagnoses were in agreement, and, in 5/16 (31%) cases, MRI specified or expanded the US diagnosis. In 6/16 cases, postnatal US showed that the cysts spontaneously resolved or decreased in size, and in 1/16 cases, postnatal imaging confirmed a hemorrhagic cyst. In 4/16 cases, the prenatal diagnoses were confirmed by surgery/histopathology, and for the rest, postnatal correlation was not available. Conclusion: Our results illustrate the MRI visualization of ovarian cysts in utero. In most cases, MRI will confirm the US diagnosis. In certain cases, MRI may provide further diagnostic information, additional to US, which is the standard technique for diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment planning.

Nemec, Ursula [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Nemec, Stefan F., E-mail: stefan.nemec@meduniwien.ac.at [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Medical Genetics Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, PACT Suite 400, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Bettelheim, Dieter [Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Division of Prenatal Diagnosis and Therapy, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Brugger, Peter C. [Center of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Integrative Morphology Group, Medical University Vienna, Waehringerstrasse 13, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Horcher, Ernst [Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Schoepf, Veronika [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Graham, John M.; Rimoin, David L. [Medical Genetics Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, PACT Suite 400, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Weber, Michael; Prayer, Daniela [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

2012-08-15

243

Variations in semen parameters from fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen volume, pH, sperm characteristics and the ejaculate content of six compounds secreted by the epididymides, prostate and seminal vesicles are presented for several semen samples from 25 men (mean age 31 years) who, without clinical assistance, had fathered children within the previous 29 months. There was a large variation both within and between individual's samples for concentrations and amounts per ejaculate of all parameters except pH. The range including 96% of all values from these fertile men are presented as standards against which samples from infertile men could be compared. Lower limits (combined arithmetic means minus twice the combined within- and between-father standard deviation) were: for semen volume, 1.9 ml; for semen pH, 7.4; for total sperm count, 39 X 10(6); for normal morphological forms, 42%; for motility (WHO grades) a, 4%; b, 19%; c, 1%; d, 19%; for curvilinear velocity, 27 microns/s; for total glucosidase, 27 mU/ejaculate; for neutral alpha-glucosidase, 17 mU/ejaculate; for L-carnitine, 0.4 mumol/ejaculate; for glycerophosphocholine, 2.4 mumol/ejaculate; for fructose, 15 mumol/ejaculate; for citrate, 30 mumol/ejaculate; for zinc, 2.8 mumol/ejaculate. PMID:1757526

Cooper, T G; Jockenhövel, F; Nieschlag, E

1991-07-01

244

Prenatal diagnosis of horseshoe lung and esophageal atresia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a case of horseshoe lung (HL) and esophageal atresia suspected prenatally on US imaging and confirmed with fetal MRI. Prenatal diagnosis of HL and esophageal atresia allowed for prenatal counseling and informed parental decisions. (orig.)

245

Selection and the Effect of Prenatal Smoking  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There is a debate about the extent to which the effect of prenatal smoking on infant health outcomes is causal. Poor outcomes could be attributable to mother characteristics which are correlated with smoking. I examine the importance of selection on the effect of prenatal smoking by using three British cohorts where the mothers’ knowledge about the harms of prenatal smoking varied substantially. I find that the effect of smoking on the probability of a low birth weight birth conditional on ...

Fertig, Angela R.

2010-01-01

246

Epidermolysis bullosa: diagnosis and prenatal diagnosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recent advances in the diagnosis and prenatal diagnosis of severe forms of epidermolysis bullosa (EB have been reviewed. Using electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry of specific monoclonal antibody, foetal skin biopsy during the second trimester of pregnancy has been utilized successfully for the prenatal diagnosis of EB. Recently, elucidation of the specific gene mutation in affected individuals allowed us to perform DNA-based prenatal diagnosis during the first trimester of pregnancy. Our own experience with prenatal diagnosis of EB at the Special Clinic for Inherited Skin Disorders at Keio University Hospital for the last six years is summarized.

Shimizu Hiroshi

1996-01-01

247

DIAGNOSTICO PRENATAL DE SITUS INVERSUS TOTALIS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se presenta un caso clínico de diagnostico prenatal por ultrasonografía de Situs Inversus completo en la Unidad de ultrasonografía del Hospital San Juan de Dios con su confirmación post natal por radiología y ultrasonografía. Es de notar la baja incidencia de esta patología y la importancia del diagnostico prenatal por las posibles múltiples malformaciones asociadas.We have reviewed a clinical history of ultrasonographic prenatal diagnosis of Complete Situs Inversus at the Ultrasonography Unit of the Hospital San Juan de Dios, which was confirmed with postnatal radiology and ultrasonography. Although the low incidence of this pathology, it´s prenatal diagnosis is important since it presents association with multiple abnormalities.

Mario Paublo M

2002-01-01

248

The comparative study of the impact of antenatal training care infants to fathers and couple on the fathers' participations after birth.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The comparative study of the impact of antenatal training care infants to fathers and couple on the fathers' participations. Objectives: Increasing number of working mothers and changes in viewpoints on fathers’ roles in families has increased fathers’ participations. Fathers’ participation is his broad, positive and active participation in different stages of children’s life. Wives possess the main role in enhancing and limiting father’s participation. Fathers and couples require training to define father’s role in infant care and the significance of his role in infant’s health and foundation of family. Therefore, the present study is done to determine the impact of training couples and fathers how to take care of infants on the rate of father’s participation to take care of infants after birth. Method: the study was done as a clinical trial in three groups, on 150 people in hygienic- clinical centers of Medical University of Mashhad. Fathers of training group and couples of training group took part in two training sessions of infant care in weeks 35 to 37 of pregnancy. The questionnaires of role of father’s training in infant care were filled by mothers in three groups and were analyzed by SPSS software (version 18 and ANOVA with repeated measure, Bonferroni tests. Findings: role of fathers’ participation in infants care in father’s training group and couple training group than control group increased significantly. (p=0/0003 Results: training fathers and couples before birth will enhance rate of their participation in infant care. Key words: fathers’ participation, care of infant, training.

mahin Tafzoli

2013-12-01

249

Behavioral and genetic correlates of the neural response to infant crying among human fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although evolution has shaped human infant crying and the corresponding response from caregivers, there is marked variation in paternal involvement and caretaking behavior, highlighting the importance of understanding the neurobiology supporting optimal paternal responses to cries. We explored the neural response to infant cries in fathers of children aged 1-2, and its relationship with hormone levels, variation in the androgen receptor (AR) gene, parental attitudes and parental behavior. Although number of AR CAG trinucleotide repeats was positively correlated with neural activity in brain regions important for empathy (anterior insula and inferior frontal gyrus), restrictive attitudes were inversely correlated with neural activity in these regions and with regions involved with emotion regulation (orbitofrontal cortex). Anterior insula activity had a non-linear relationship with paternal caregiving, such that fathers with intermediate activation were most involved. These results suggest that restrictive attitudes may be associated with decreased empathy and emotion regulation in response to a child in distress, and that moderate anterior insula activity reflects an optimal level of arousal that supports engaged fathering. PMID:24336349

Mascaro, Jennifer S; Hackett, Patrick D; Gouzoules, Harold; Lori, Adriana; Rilling, James K

2014-11-01

250

Profile of the Single Father: A Thematic Integration of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Provides some insight into the statistical scope of the single father phenomenon. Pinpoints psychological, interpersonal and environmental stresses in the single father's life. Presents major characteristics of the single father and notes some counseling recommendations. (RC)

Pichitino, John P.

1983-01-01

251

20 CFR 404.341 - When mother's and father's benefits begin and end.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When mother's and father's benefits begin and...Divorced Spouses § 404.341 When mother's and father's benefits begin and end. (a) You are entitled to mother's or father's benefits...

2010-04-01

252

38 CFR 10.44 - Evidence required to support claim of mother or father.  

Science.gov (United States)

... false Evidence required to support claim of mother or father. 10.44 Section 10.44 Pensions...10.44 Evidence required to support claim of mother or father. The term mother and father as referred to in the...

2010-07-01

253

A Community Support Group for Single Custodial Fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses a five-session group experience within the context of establishing a support group for single custodial fathers. Includes topics of dating, remarriage, homemaking and house maintenance, and the effects of divorce on children. A follow-up showed fathers appreciated the sense of community and specific information and coping strategies.…

Tedder, Sandra L.; And Others

1981-01-01

254

Legal and Social Ties between Children and Cohabiting Fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined whether legal ties between members in the nuclear family affect the father-child relationship after domestic breakup. Found no evidence that civil status could explain differences in the post-separation organization of parenting, but a sole legal custody arrangement from the child's birth may disfavor cohabiting fathers as future…

Ottosen, Mai Heide

2001-01-01

255

Father Contributions to Cortisol Responses in Infancy and Toddlerhood  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study is one of the first prospective examinations of longitudinal associations between observed father caregiving behaviors and child cortisol reactivity and regulation in response to emotional arousal. Observations of father and mother caregiving behaviors and child cortisol levels in response to challenges at 7 months and 24 months…

Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Garrett-Peters, Patricia; Barnett, Melissa; Granger, Douglas A.; Blair, Clancy; Cox, Martha J.

2011-01-01

256

Fathers' Roles in the Process of Talent Development  

Science.gov (United States)

In the process of children's talent development, fathers have been largely ignored compared to mothers who are mostly identified as the initial and primary influence for their children. Though modern fathers are becoming more engaged in childrearing and interacting more with their children and changes in family systems lead to new challenges and…

Lee, Seon-Young

2010-01-01

257

A Literacy Program for Fathers: A Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

A case study approach was used to document the literacy experiences of 25 fathers and their children who participated in a family literacy program. It explored the effects of a literacy intervention that was designed to assist fathers of five-year-old children to develop their children's literacy learning in a family environment. The findings…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2008-01-01

258

Single-Father Families: Implications for Early Childhood Educators.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports on research about single-father families and discusses implications for early childhood educators. Suggests that educators encourage the single-father, adapt to his schedule, cope with adult and child stress, provide parenting information, become aware of custody arrangements, and adjust the curriculum for all children. (AS)

Briggs, Beverly A; Walters, Connor M.

1985-01-01

259

Gendered Expectations? Reconsidering Single Fathers' Child-Care Time  

Science.gov (United States)

We take a fresh look at an important question in the sociology of gender and family: Do single fathers "mother"? We add to the theoretical debate by proposing that single fathers face competing interactional pressures, to simultaneously act like mothers and men. Using nationally representative data from the American Time Use Survey 2003-2006 (N =…

Hook, Jennifer L.; Chalasani, Satvika

2008-01-01

260

Rethinking Custody: The Case for Single Custodial Fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined two competing hypotheses regarding the competence of single custodial fathers which have implications for considering parents' gender in awarding child custody: (1) parenting differences are based on gender, and single mothers will have higher parenting scores than single fathers; and (2) changes in role responsibilities…

Hilton, Jeanne M.

 
 
 
 
261

A Definition of Gender Role Conflict among Black Professional Fathers  

Science.gov (United States)

There is very little literature that depicts the parental role of Black professional fathers positively or that samples Black participants from the upper economic strata. The purpose of this study is to gain insight into how Black professional fathers experience or perceive gender role conflict and identify clinical implications. Grounded in…

Robinson, Ora

2011-01-01

262

Parents' Workplace Situation and Fathers' Parental Leave Use  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines how the workplace situation of both parents affects fathers' parental leave use. We used parental leave-taking register data from Statistics Sweden for dual-earner couples who resided in Stockholm and had children in 1997 (n=3,755). The results indicate that fathers shorten their parental leave if their workplaces are such that…

Bygren, Magnus; Duvander, Ann-Zofie

2006-01-01

263

Parenting Difficulties among Adult Survivors of Father-Daughter Incest.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the self-reported parenting experience and practices of women who were either incest victims of their fathers as children (n=20), whose fathers were alcoholic but not sexually abusive (n=25), or who had no known risk in childhood (n=39). Incest survivors reported less confidence and sense of control as parents. (Author/DB)

Cole, Pamela M.; And Others

1992-01-01

264

New Families and Nonresident Father-Child Visitation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Analysis of data from both waves of the National Survey of Families and Households found that nonresident fathers who formed new unions (marriage or cohabitation) did not subsequently see their nonresident children less often than other nonresident fathers. Instead, decreased visitation with nonresident children was related to number of new…

Manning, Wendy D.; Smock, Pamela J.

1999-01-01

265

Physical Punishment by Mothers and Fathers in British Homes.  

Science.gov (United States)

British mothers (n=362) and fathers (n=103) of randomly selected children from 366 two-parent families were interviewed concerning physically punishing their children. The proportion of mothers and fathers who had used physical punishments were similar. Percentages of types and severity of punishments varied. These findings are discussed in…

Nobes, Gavin; Smith, Marjorie; Upton, Penney; Heverin, Andrea

1999-01-01

266

Gay Men: Negotiating Procreative, Father, and Family Identities  

Science.gov (United States)

Our qualitative study examines the social psychology of gay men's experiences with their procreative, father, and family identities. In-depth interviews were conducted with 19 childless gay men and 20 gay men in the United States who have fathered using diverse means excluding heterosexual intercourse. By focusing on men aged 19-55 residing…

Berkowitz, Dana; Marsiglio, William

2007-01-01

267

Father for the first time - development and validation of a questionnaire to assess fathers’ experiences of first childbirth (FTFQ  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A father’s experience of the birth of his first child is important not only for his birth-giving partner but also for the father himself, his relationship with the mother and the newborn. No validated questionnaire assessing first-time fathers' experiences during childbirth is currently available. Hence, the aim of this study was to develop and validate an instrument to assess first-time fathers’ experiences of childbirth. Method Domains and items were initially derived from interviews with first-time fathers, and supplemented by a literature search and a focus group interview with midwives. The comprehensibility, comprehension and relevance of the items were evaluated by four paternity research experts and a preliminary questionnaire was pilot tested in eight first-time fathers. A revised questionnaire was completed by 200 first-time fathers (response rate?=?81% Exploratory factor analysis using principal component analysis with varimax rotation was performed and multitrait scaling analysis was used to test scaling assumptions. External validity was assessed by means of known-groups analysis. Results Factor analysis yielded four factors comprising 22 items and accounting 48% of the variance. The domains found were Worry, Information, Emotional support and Acceptance. Multitrait analysis confirmed the convergent and discriminant validity of the domains; however, Cronbach’s alpha did not meet conventional reliability standards in two domains. The questionnaire was sensitive to differences between groups of fathers hypothesized to differ on important socio demographic or clinical variables. Conclusions The questionnaire adequately measures important dimensions of first-time fathers’ childbirth experience and may be used to assess aspects of fathers’ experiences during childbirth. To obtain the FTFQ and permission for its use, please contact the corresponding author.

Premberg Åsa

2012-05-01

268

Public health nurse observations of behavioral characteristics of fathers who contribute to the emotional instability of mothers, as presented in cases of infant abuse  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study is to look at the understanding and perceptions of public health nurses (PHNs related to behavioral characteristics of fathers that contribute to emotional instability in mothers by reviewing abuse cases involving infants and very young children. A qualitative descriptive design was applied to the data analysis, based on a semi-structured interview administered to three experienced PHNs who had been in charge of maternal and child health services for at least five years at a public health department or health center; with the data obtained in the interview narratives analyzed. In the observations of the experienced PHNs, the behavioral characteristics of fathers who are instigators of child abuse can be classified into five categories, fathers who are: “Talking to others about marital problems without attempting to solve these by themselves”, “Working on learning about childcare seeking to correct childcare methods”, “Taking the initiative in childcare at cross purposes with mothers”, “Stressing the effort they (the fathers put into childcare”, and “Failing to notice the own family situation and problems”. The findings of the study suggest the necessity for PHNs to understand fathers, to be aware of the difficulty of building a supportive relationship with fathers, and to improve skills enabling the PHNs to help fathers form good relationships with other family members.

Izumi Ueda

2013-07-01

269

Perfil de adolescentes com repetição da gravidez atendidas num ambulatório de pré-natal / Profile of adolescents with repeated pregnancies attended at a prenatal clinic / Perfil de las adolescentes con repetición del embarazo atendidas en un ambulatorio de prenatal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho identificou o perfil biopsicossocial das adolescentes com repetição da gravidez, atendidas num ambulatório de pré-natal. Os dados obtidos através do prontuário médico e entrevista foram analisados quantitativamente. Através dos resultados encontrados e de acordo com a literatura, foram [...] selecionados, do perfil das adolescentes, fatores mais fortemente associados à ocorrência da repetição da gravidez. São eles: menarca precoce, primeira relação sexual após curto intervalo da menarca, repetência escolar, abandono escolar, ausência de ocupação remunerada, baixa renda familiar, envolvimento com parceiros mais velhos, residir com o parceiro, união consensual com o parceiro, um parceiro fixo, baixo uso de condon, história familiar de gravidez na adolescência, ausência do pai por morte ou abandono, reação positiva da família à gravidez anterior, aborto anterior, parto anterior bem conceituado pela adolescente, e ausência à revisão pós-parto anterior. Abstract in spanish Este trabajo identificó el perfil biopsicosocial de las adolescentes con repetición del embarazo, atendidas en un ambulatorio de prenatal. Los datos obtenidos por medio del prontuario médico y entrevista, fueron analizados cuantitativamente. Por medio de los resultados y de acuerdo con la literatura [...] , fueron seleccionados, entre los perfiles de las adolescentes, factores más fuertemente asociados a la ocurrencia de la repetición del embarazo. Ellos son: menarca precoz; primera relación sexual tras corto intervalo de la menarca; repetición escolar; abandono escolar; ausencia de ocupación remunerada; baja renta familiar; envolvimiento con parejas más viejas; residir con la pareja; unión consensual con la pareja; pareja fija; bajo uso de condón; historia familiar de embarazo en la adolescencia; ausencia del padre por muerte o abandono; reacción positiva de la familia al embarazo anterior; aborto anterior; parto anterior bien conceptuado por la adolescente; y ausencia a la revisión pos-parto anterior. Abstract in english This study identified the biopsychosocial profile of adolescent with repeated pregnancies, who were attended at a prenatal clinic. Data were collected through patient records and interviews and were subject to quantitative analysis. Based on the obtained results and in accordance with literature, fa [...] ctors that are strongly associated with the occurrence of pregnancy repetition were selected in the adolescents' profiles. These are: early menarche; first sexual intercourse shortly after menarche; school repetition; school dropout; non remunerated occupation; low family income; involvement with older partners; living with the partner; consensual union with the partner; one partner; low condom use; family history of adolescent pregnancy; father's absence because of death or abandonment; positive family reaction to previous pregnancy; previous abortion; adolescent's positive concepts about previous delivery; and absence from previous postpartum consultations.

Lia, Persona; Antonieta Keiko Kakuda, Shimo; Maria Celina, Tarallo.

270

Stress among Fathers of Young Children with Type 1 Diabetes  

Science.gov (United States)

Although fathers’ stress has been shown to have important implications for children’s health and well-being, few studies of children with type 1 diabetes have considered paternal parenting stress. The current study contributes to the literature by exploring correlates of fathers’ pediatric parenting stress in a sample of young children with type 1 diabetes. Forty-three fathers of children 2–6 years old with type 1 diabetes completed self-report questionnaires examining pediatric parenting stress, child behavior, participation in diabetes management tasks, and parental psychological resources. Results of multiple regression show that fathers’ pediatric parenting stress is positively associated with state anxiety and mother-reported difficult child behavior. These findings suggest that fathers may experience parenting stress differently than mothers, and that their experiences may have implications not only for their own level of anxiety, but also for their children’s behavior. PMID:20047355

Mitchell, Stephanie J.; Hilliard, Marisa E.; Mednick, Lauren; Henderson, Celia; Cogen, Fran R.; Streisand, Randi

2010-01-01

271

The constitutionality of a biological father's recognition as a parent  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Despite the increased recognition afforded to biological fathers as legal parents, the Children's Act still does not treat fathers on the same basis as mothers as far as the automatic allocation of parental responsibilities and rights is concerned. This article investigates the constitutionality of [...] the differential treatment of fathers in this respect, given South Africa's international obligations, especially in terms of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, to ensure that both parents have common responsibilities for the upbringing of their child. After a brief consideration of the constitutionality of the mother's position as parent, the constitutionality of the father's position is investigated, firstly, with reference to Section 9 of the Constitution and the question of whether the differentiation between mothers and fathers as far as the allocation of parental responsibilities and rights is concerned, amounts to unfair discrimination. The inquiry also considers whether the differentiation between committed fathers (that is, those who have shown the necessary commitment in terms of Sections 20 and 21 of the Children's Act to acquire parental responsibilities and rights) and uncommitted fathers may amount to discrimination on an unspecified ground. Since the limitation of the father's rights to equality may be justifiable, the outcomes of both inquiries are shown to be inconclusive. Finally, the legal position of the father is considered in relation to the child's constitutional rights - the rights to parental care and the right of the child to the paramountcy of its interests embodied in Section 28 of the Constitution. While there appears to be some justification for the limitation of the child's right to committed paternal care, it is submitted that an equalisation of the legal position of mothers and fathers as far as the automatic acquisition of parental responsibilities and rights is concerned, is not only justified but imperative if the constitutional rights of children are to be advanced and protected.

A, Louw.

272

The Constitutionality of a Biological Father's Recognition as a Parent  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Despite the increased recognition afforded to biological fathers as legal parents, the Children's Act 38 of 2005 still does not treat fathers on the same basis as mothers as far as the automatic allocation of parental responsibilities and rights is concerned. This article investigates the constitutionality of the differential treatment of fathers in this respect, given South Africa's international obligations, especially in terms of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, to ensure that both parents have common responsibilities for the upbringing of their child. After a brief consideration of the constitutionality of the mother's position as parent, the constitutionality of the father's position is investigated, firstly, with reference to Section 9 of the Constitution and the question of whether the differentiation between mothers and fathers as far as the allocation of parental responsibilities and rights is concerned, amounts to unfair discrimination. The inquiry also considers whether the differentiation between committed fathers (that is, those who have shown the necessary commitment in terms of Sections 20 and 21 of the Children's Act to acquire parental responsibilities and rights and uncommitted fathers may amount to discrimination on an unspecified ground. Since the limitation of the father's rights to equality may be justifiable, the outcomes of both inquiries are shown to be inconclusive. Finally, the legal position of the father is considered in relation to the child's constitutional rights – the rights to parental care and the right of the child to the paramountcy of its interests embodied in Section 28 of the Constitution. While there appears to be some justification for the limitation of the child's right to committed paternal care, it is submitted that an equalisation of the legal position of mothers and fathers as far as the automatic acquisition of parental responsibilities and rights is concerned, is not only justified but imperative if the constitutional rights of children are to be advanced and protected.

A Louw

2010-12-01

273

Parental involvement after separation/divorce / O envolvimento parental após a separação/divórcio  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Based on the ecological-contextual model and on the concept of parental involvement, this article proposes to discuss the parental practices of separated/divorced fathers and mothers towards their children. In order to do so, 234 subjects (117 fathers/117 mothers) with children at school were interviewed via the Parental Practices Inventory. Such instrument evaluated the parental involvement in 5 areas: affective involvement, didactic involvement, social involvement, disciplinary involvement ...

Luciana Suárez Grzybowski; Adriana Wagner

2010-01-01

274

Life with (or without) father: the benefits of living with two biological parents depend on the father's antisocial behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

The salutary effects of being raised by two married, biological parents depend on the quality of care parents can provide. Using data from an epidemiological sample of 1,116 5-year-old twin pairs and their parents, this study found that the less time fathers lived with their children, the more conduct problems their children had, but only if the fathers engaged in low levels of antisocial behavior. In contrast, when fathers engaged in high levels of antisocial behavior, the more time they lived with their children, the more conduct problems their children had. Behavioral genetic analyses showed that children who resided with antisocial fathers received a "double whammy" of genetic and environmental risk for conduct problems. Marriage may not be the answer to the problems faced by some children living in single-parent families unless their fathers can become reliable sources of emotional and economic support. PMID:12625439

Jaffee, Sara R; Moffitt, Terrie E; Caspi, Avshalom; Taylor, Alan

2003-01-01

275

Prenatal Maternal Stress Programs Infant Stress Regulation  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Prenatal exposure to inappropriate levels of glucocorticoids (GCs) and maternal stress are putative mechanisms for the fetal programming of later health outcomes. The current investigation examined the influence of prenatal maternal cortisol and maternal psychosocial stress on infant physiological and behavioral responses to stress.…

Davis, Elysia Poggi; Glynn, Laura M.; Waffarn, Feizal; Sandman, Curt A.

2011-01-01

276

Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of focal musculoskeletal anomalies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Focal musculoskeletal anomalies are various and may be an isolated finding or may be found in conjunction with numerous associations, including genetic syndromes, Karyotype abnormals, central nervous system anomalies and other general musculoskeletal disorders. Early prenatal diagnosis of these focal musculoskeletal anomalies nor only affects prenatal care and postnatal outcome but also helps in approaching other numerous associated anomalies.

Ryu, Jung Kyu; Cho, Jeong Yeon; Lee, Young Ho; Kim, Ei Jeong; Chun, Yi Kyeong [Samsung Cheil Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2002-09-15

277

Pai syndrome: challenging prenatal diagnosis and management.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pai syndrome is a rare disorder that includes midline cleft lip, pericallosal lipoma and cutaneous polyp of the face. We report a case of prenatal diagnosis using sonography and MRI. We emphasize the importance of facial examination with prenatal association of midline cleft lip and pericallosal lipoma in making the diagnosis of Pai syndrome. PMID:24748063

Blouet, Marie; Belloy, Frédérique; Jeanne-Pasquier, Corinne; Leporrier, Nathalie; Benoist, Guillaume

2014-09-01

278

Pai syndrome: challenging prenatal diagnosis and management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Pai syndrome is a rare disorder that includes midline cleft lip, pericallosal lipoma and cutaneous polyp of the face. We report a case of prenatal diagnosis using sonography and MRI. We emphasize the importance of facial examination with prenatal association of midline cleft lip and pericallosal lipoma in making the diagnosis of Pai syndrome. (orig.)

279

Improved prenatal detection of chromosomal anomalies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Prenatal screening for karyotype anomalies takes place in most European countries. In Denmark, the screening method was changed in 2005. The aim of this study was to study the trends in prevalence and prenatal detection rates of chromosome anomalies and Down syndrome (DS) over a 22-year period.

FrØslev-Friis, Christina; Hjort-Pedersen, Karina

2011-01-01

280

Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of focal musculoskeletal anomalies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Focal musculoskeletal anomalies are various and may be an isolated finding or may be found in conjunction with numerous associations, including genetic syndromes, Karyotype abnormals, central nervous system anomalies and other general musculoskeletal disorders. Early prenatal diagnosis of these focal musculoskeletal anomalies nor only affects prenatal care and postnatal outcome but also helps in approaching other numerous associated anomalies.

 
 
 
 
281

Pai syndrome: challenging prenatal diagnosis and management  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Pai syndrome is a rare disorder that includes midline cleft lip, pericallosal lipoma and cutaneous polyp of the face. We report a case of prenatal diagnosis using sonography and MRI. We emphasize the importance of facial examination with prenatal association of midline cleft lip and pericallosal lipoma in making the diagnosis of Pai syndrome. (orig.)

Blouet, Marie [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Caen, Department of Radiology, Caen (France); University of Lower Normandie, Caen (France); Belloy, Frederique [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Caen, Department of Radiology, Caen (France); Jeanne-Pasquier, Corinne [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Caen, Department of Pathology, Caen (France); Leporrier, Nathalie [University of Lower Normandie, Caen (France); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Caen, Department of Genetics, Caen (France); Benoist, Guillaume [University of Lower Normandie, Caen (France); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Pole Femmes-Enfants, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Caen (France)

2014-09-15

282

Prenatal exposition on ionizing radiations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Sessions on Prenatal Exposition on Ionizing Radiations was organized by the Argentine Radioprotection Society, in Buenos Aires, between 8 and 9, November 2001. In this event, were presented papers on: biological effects of ionizing radiation; the radiation protection and the pregnant woman; embryo fetal development and its relationship with the responsiveness to teratogens; radioinduced delayed mental; neonatal irradiation: neurotoxicity and modulation of pharmacological response; pre implanted mouse embryos as a model of uranium toxicity studies; hereditary effects of the radiation and new advances from the UNSCEAR 2001; doses estimation in embryo

283

Prenatal radiation doses from radiopharmaceuticals  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The radiopharmaceutical administration with diagnostic or therapeutic purpose during pregnancy implies a prenatal radiation dose. The dose assessment and the evaluation of the radiological risks become relevant due to the great radiosensitivity of the fetal tissues in development. This paper is a revision of the available data for estimating fetal doses in the cases of the more frequently used radiopharmaceuticals in nuclear medicine, taking into account recent investigation in placental crossover. The more frequent diagnostic and therapeutic procedures were analyzed according to the radiation doses implied. (author)

284

Introducing WISECONDOR for noninvasive prenatal diagnostics.  

Science.gov (United States)

Noninvasive prenatal testing is a relatively new screening method for the detection of fetal chromosome abnormalities using next-generation sequencing (NGS) of fetal DNA in maternal blood. Recently, the introduction of a new tool called WIthin SamplE COpy Number aberration DetectOR (WISECONDOR) marked a new era in prenatal screening. WISECONDOR detects copy number aberrations at a resolution that is almost comparable to classic karyotyping and requires only shallow sequencing, making noninvasive prenatal screening cost-effective. This emphasizes the role of NGS in the daily clinical practice of prenatal diagnosis and will require reorganization of clinical genetics laboratories to accommodate NGS. For prenatal diagnostics, WISECONDOR introduces an exciting development that will substantially improve the information provided to pregnant couples regarding their fetus's wellbeing. PMID:24831532

Straver, Roy; Sistermans, Erik A; Reinders, Marcel J T

2014-06-01

285

Diagnóstico prenatal de catarata congénita  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La catarata congénita (CC) es una patología poco frecuente en nuestro medio frente a los países en desarrollo donde constituye la etiología más frecuente de ceguera infantil. La prevención de deterioro visual debido a esta patología es parte del programa de la OMS cuyo objetivo es la eliminación de [...] ceguera evitable en el año 2020. Presentamos el caso de una gestante en la que el diagnóstico prenatal se realizó en la ecografía morfológica. Si somos capaces de realizar este diagnóstico podremos evitar el deterioro precoz de la función visual del recién nacido. Así, la identificación de ambos cristalinos debe de formar parte de las estructuras a reconocer de forma obligada en la ecografía morfológica. Abstract in english Congenital cataract is a rare disease in our environment opposite developing countries where it is the most frequent etiology of childhood blindness. Prevention of visual impairment due to this pathology is a part of the WHO programme whose objective is the elimination of avoidable blindness by the [...] year 2020. We present the case of a pregnant woman that prenatal diagnosis was made on mid- trimester ultrasound. If we are able to perform this diagnosis, we will be able to prevent early deterioration of visual function of the newborn. Thus, identification of both crystalline should be part of the structures to recognize in the mid- trimester ultrasound.

Elena, De Diego Allué; Ricardo, Savirón Cornudella; Mercedes, Odriozola Grijalba; Diego, Lerma Puertas; Tanit, Corbacho Garza; M. Aranzazu, Pérez Íñigo.

286

Prenatal diagnosis of posterior fossa anomalies: An overview  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ultrasonography of the central nervous system is an integral part of a prenatal scan, and the development of imaging technologies has led to better diagnostic possibilities. Posterior fossa anomalies have traditionally been divided into Dandy Walke malformation, Dandy Walker variation and megacisterna magna, but this approach, due to diversity of the extensive number of possible disorders covered by this classification, unables accurate prognosis and therefore adequate counselling. An alternative approach to the classification of posterior fossa anomalies is to divide them into agenesis of the vermis, which could be partial or complete, cerebellar hypoplasia, pontocerebellar hypoplasia and cerebellar atrophy. Different ultrasonographic and magnetic resonance imagining of appearances of the posterior fossa anomalies in prenatal period are discussed in the article, as well as possible syndromes and prognosis of different entities. Diversity of anomalies of the central nervous system, and in particular, subtle differences in prenatal appearances of posterior fossa anomalies, which may have major impact on the prognosis, demand a multidisciplinary approach that encompasses two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasound scan, magnetic resonance imaging, infectious diseases and metabolic disorders work-ups as well as individual approach to every case involving of a team of experts in the field of perinatology, radiology, paediatrics, neurology and genetics.

Novakov-Miki? Aleksandra

2009-01-01

287

Prenatal and postnatal depression among low income Brazilian women  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Postnatal depression is a significant problem affecting 10-15% of mothers in many countries and has been the subject of an increasing number of publications. Prenatal depression has been studied less. The aims of the present investigation were: 1 to obtain information on the prevalence of prenatal and postnatal depression in low income Brazilian women by using an instrument already employed in several countries, i.e., the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS; 2 to evaluate the risk factors involved in prenatal and postnatal depression in Brazil. The study groups included 33 pregnant women interviewed at home during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, and once a month during the first six months after delivery. Questions on life events and the mother's relationship with the baby were posed during each visit. Depressed pregnant women received less support from their partners than non-depressed pregnant women (36.4 vs 72.2%, P<0.05; Fisher exact test. Black women predominated among pre- and postnatally depressed subjects. Postnatal depression was associated with lower parity (0.4 ± 0.5 vs 1.1 ± 1.0, P<0.05; Student t-test. Thus, the period of pregnancy may be susceptible to socio-environmental factors that induce depression, such as the lack of affective support from the partner. The prevalence rate of 12% observed for depression in the third month postpartum is comparable to that of studies from other countries.

Da-Silva V.A.

1998-01-01

288

Women’s pathway in prenatal care at public sceneries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to know how the pathway of women in prenatal period is contextualized, and, how this is perceived by these women. Methodology: this is about a descriptive study from qualitative approach, approved by the Research Ethics Committee from the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria/RS under protocol number 23081.001043/2008-11. Fifteen pregnant women participated in the study. The data collection was performed through interviews and systematic observation which thematic analysis, from April to July/2008. Results: the pregnant women are being redirected by the specialized service without the formal counter-reference; the information in-between services are based on the women oral reports, as well as the precarious communication between the involved professionals; the pregnant women are used to move institutionally, hoping, firstly, to give birth to a healthy baby and, in the second place, to care of their own health. Conclusion: there is a noticeable fragility in the information network between reference and counter-reference services. Therefore, we can infer that there are challenges and obstacles to achieve changes in prenatal care, indicating the need of a collective construction in the search of new organizational strategies in a humanizing perspective. Descriptors: prenatal care; assistance humanization; health services; pregnant women; nursing.

Izabel Cristina Hoffmann, Lúcia Beatriz Ressel, Maria de Lourdes Denardin Budó

2010-07-01

289

Differential neural responses to child and sexual stimuli in human fathers and non-fathers and their hormonal correlates.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the well-documented importance of paternal caregiving for positive child development, little is known about the neural changes that accompany the transition to fatherhood in humans, or about how changes in hormone levels affect paternal brain function. We compared fathers of children aged 1-2 with non-fathers in terms of hormone levels (oxytocin and testosterone), neural responses to child picture stimuli, and neural responses to visual sexual stimuli. Compared to non-fathers, fathers had significantly higher levels of plasma oxytocin and lower levels of plasma testosterone. In response to child picture stimuli, fathers showed stronger activation than non-fathers within regions important for face emotion processing (caudal middle frontal gyrus [MFG]), mentalizing (temporo-parietal junction [TPJ]) and reward processing (medial orbitofrontal cortex [mOFC]). On the other hand, non-fathers had significantly stronger neural responses to sexually provocative images in regions important for reward and approach-related motivation (dorsal caudate and nucleus accumbens). Testosterone levels were negatively correlated with responses to child stimuli in the MFG. Surprisingly, neither testosterone nor oxytocin levels predicted neural responses to sexual stimuli. Our results suggest that the decline in testosterone that accompanies the transition to fatherhood may be important for augmenting empathy toward children. PMID:24882167

Mascaro, Jennifer S; Hackett, Patrick D; Rilling, James K

2014-08-01

290

Prenatal Ethanol Exposure Alters Synaptic Plasticity in the Dorsolateral Striatum of Rat Offspring via Changing the Reactivity of Dopamine Receptor  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Prenatal exposure to high-level ethanol (EtOH) has been reported to produce hyperlocomotion in offspring. Previous studies have demonstrated synaptic plasticity in cortical afferent to the dorsolateral (DL) striatum is involved in the pathogensis of hyperlocomotion. Here, prenatal EtOH-exposed rat offspring were used to investigate whether maternal EtOH exposure affected synaptic plasticity in the DL striatum. We found high-frequency stimulation (HFS) induced a weaker long-term potentiation (...

Zhou, Rong; Wang, Shenjun; Zhu, Xuejiang

2012-01-01

291

Father’s and their children`s life goals in the context of Self-Determination Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the similarities and differences in goals valuation in father’s and children’s life. According to the motivative Self-Determination Theory (Deci, Ryan, 2000 the aspirations were divided into two groups: external goals (i.e. finance, power, fame and internal goals (i.e. affiliation and prosocial goals. The results suggest that teens, unlike their fathers, estimate higher affiliation goals. The report also shows (in both groups relations between three categories of goals: prosocial, close relationships and self- acceptance.

Ewa Wojtowicz

2013-05-01

292

The Relationship between Adolescent and Young Fathers' Capital and Marital Plans of Couples Expecting a Baby  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined the relationship between fathers' human, social, and financial capital and future marital plans among 176 pregnant adolescent mothers and the fathers of their babies. Fathers' social capital proved to be the most significant resource in relation to marital plans. Mothers and fathers were significantly more likely to plan to marry when…

Fagan, Jay; Schmitz, Mark F.; Lloyd, Jacqueline J.

2007-01-01

293

Attributions and Attitudes of Mothers and Fathers in Colombia  

Science.gov (United States)

SYNOPSIS Objective The present study examined mean level similarities and differences as well as correlations between mothers’ and fathers’ attributions regarding successes and failures in caregiving situations and progressive versus authoritarian attitudes. Design Interviews were conducted with both mothers and fathers in 108 Colombian families. Results Fathers reported higher uncontrollable success attributions and higher authoritarian attitudes than did mothers, whereas mothers reported higher modernity of attitudes than did fathers; only the gender differences related to parental attitudes remained significant after controlling for parents’ age, education, and possible social desirability bias. Medium effect sizes were found for concordance between parents in the same family for attributions regarding uncontrollable success and progressive attitudes after controlling for parents’ age, education, and possible social desirability bias. Conclusions This work elucidates ways that parent gender relates to attributions regarding parents’ success and failure in caregiving and to progressive versus authoritarian parenting attitudes in Colombia. PMID:21927585

Di Giunta, Laura; Tirado, Liliana M. Uribe; Marquez, Luz A. Araque

2011-01-01

294

Father-daughter relationships during girls’ adolescence in urban China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Contextualization Contemporary Chinese families are experiencing tremendous changes, with the adoption of economic reform and the implementation of the one-child-per-family policy. These changes are inevitably leading to changing parent-child relationships in families, especially for girls’ relationships with their parents. The paper is to research girls’ and fathers’ perceptions of father-daughter relationships among two cohorts of girls aged 13/14 and aged 16/17. It will seek to understand, from fathers’ and daughters’ perspectives, fathers’ influences on girls’ lives in the domains of education, work and career aspirations. In addition, how their relationships change across adolescent girls’ lives will also be explored.

Qiong Xu

2009-03-01

295

The Cappadocian fathers on slave management  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of this article is to investigate the views of the three Cappadocian fathers, namely Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and Gregory of Nazianzus, on how to manage slaves. The article approaches slaveholding as a habitus. Firstly, Basil of Caesarea's views are examined. Basil's views on sla [...] ve management were based on the principle that slaves should still remain obedient and submissive to their masters, but that masters should treat their slaves justly. He especially discusses slave management as the management of wealth and sexuality. Secondly, Gregory of Nazianzus's views, especially from his testament, highlighted the importance of managing slaves after death. It is also a window into the realities of clerics and churches managing slancient treatise against mastery and the viceves. Finally, Gregory of Nyssa's fourth homily on Ecclesiastes can be described as the ancienttreatise against mastery and the vice of pride, since this is the angle from which he criticises slave management. The homily is indeed proof that ancient authors were able to think outside the habitus of Roman slaveholding.

Chris L, de Wet.

296

Jacques Joseph: Father of modern aesthetic surgery  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available When we review the history of modern aesthetic surgery, a name that stands out as bright as a beacon and precious as gold is undoubtedly that of Jacques Joseph. A surgeon, par excellence, far ahead of his time, who chose to think out of the box, Joseph, despite all odds set out to give respectability to Aesthetic Surgery without depriving it of any scientific core values. By his words and deeds proved beyond doubt that only the very best in the field of reconstructive surgery, can visualize the hidden perfection in imperfection and formulate a treatment plan and a surgical strategy to achieve that elusive perfection. The rich surgical literature that he has left behind, the wealth of surgical instruments that he had designed and above all a way of thinking that he propagated, that aesthetic surgery is not frivolous but very serious endeavor, and treating the psychology of the patient is as important as treating his disease, undoubtedly makes him the revered ?Father of Modern Aesthetic Surgery?.

Bhattacharya Surajit

2008-10-01

297

LEARNING MATH WITH MY FATHER: A MEMOIR  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We all build our own houses of wisdom, each of us; we cannot build them for each other. Teachers cannot simply invite students into their “houses of wisdom,” but can often find ways to help learners to enter and explore their own minds. While Constructivism has had a positive impact on the teaching and learning of literacy mathematics instruction continues to rely heavily on rote memorization and drills. As a young child, I learned to love math. My love of math stems from learning math with my father. He did not focus on rote memorization and drills. The primary emphasis was for a real purpose. My self-confidence was enforced when he started me out with problems that were less difficult and had many different solutions. These solutions were valued and respected, which allowed me to trust in my own problem solving abilities. How can we hope to lead children to the thresholds of their own minds when we remain intent on forcing them into our ‘houses of wisdom’? What alternative ways can we devise of interacting with children that respect their confidence and leave intact their levels of understanding, that lead them to the thresholds of their own minds excited about entering?

Yolanda De La CRUZ

2012-01-01

298

Prenatal diagnosis of imperforate hymen with hydrometrocolpos.  

Science.gov (United States)

Imperforate hymen is one of the most simple and most common anomalies in the female genital organs, occurring in 0.1% of girls born at term. Some are recognized because of mucocolpos at birth, but the diagnosis is usually not detected before puberty. Rarely, obstetric sonography may prenatally detect imperforate hymen due to presentation of hydrocolpos or hydrometrocolpos in the fetus if fetal cervical and vaginal secretions accumulate in response to circulating maternal estrogens. Nonetheless, reports of prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of hydrometrocolpos are still very rare. In this article we report a prenatally diagnosed of imperforate hymen with hydrometrocolpos. PMID:18299863

Yildirim, Gokhan; Gungorduk, Kemal; Aslan, Halil; Sudolmus, Sinem; Ark, Cemal; Saygin, Sezin

2008-11-01

299

Prenatal Diagnosis of Granular Cell Tumor  

Science.gov (United States)

Congenital granular cell tumor (GCT) is a relatively rare intraoral benign tumor, approximately 200 cases of which have been reported in the neonatal period worldwide. The newborn infant may have feeding problems and respiratory difficulties due to airway obstruction. This lesion may be diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography and simple resection is mostly required. We report a case of an adult type of GCT in a newly born infant, who presented with an intraoral protruding mass with a prenatal diagnosis. This article describes the prenatal course, clinical, and pathological characteristics, and management of the GCT. PMID:24644385

Kadivar, Maliheh; Sangsari, Razieh; Alavi, Azin

2014-01-01

300

Prenatal genetic diagnosis by chorionic villus sampling  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Prenatal diagnosis of severe congenital disease with termination of affected pregnancies is an accepted part of the contemporary practice of clinical genetics. First-trimester prenatal tissue sampling has been studied for years with various results. The key to success in sampling came with the application of ultrasound to guide the sampling procedure. The use of the Portex catheter or canula for sampling is the most common method today. There are other variations available and under trial by European investigators. All of these methods appear to have a high rate of success in obtaining prenatal tissue with a low rate of immediate complications. The author discusses how the sampling is done

 
 
 
 
301

Are neonatal morbidities associated with no prenatal care different from those associated with inadequate prenatal care?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Compare neonatal morbidities in women with no prenatal care, and women with inadequate prenatal care, to those with adequate prenatal care. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of neonatal morbidities of 3 exposure groups. Group 1: No prenatal care; Group 2: Inadequate prenatal care; Group 3: Intermediate/adequate prenatal care. Results: 2.5%, 23.3% and 74.1% of subjects (N = 264,138 were in Groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Severe neonatal morbidity was more common in Group 1, followed by Group 2, and least common in Group 3. After controlling for gestational age and birth weight, most of these differences were attenuated and not significant except for the following Group 1 vs Group 3 comparisons: meconium aspiration, odds ratio (OR 2.15 and 95% confidence interval (CI 1.39 - 3.33; suspected sepsis, OR 1.30 and CI 1.13 - 1.49; proven viral sepsis, OR 2.23 and CI 1.24 - 4.00. Conclusions: Severe neonatal morbidity was most common in those with no prenatal care followed by those with inadequate prenatal care. For most neonatal morbidities, this could largely be explained by gestational age and birth weight differences, but for some neonatal morbidities (meconium aspirations, viral sepsis and dysmorphic features the impact of no prenatal care persisted after adjustment for these factors.

Kristina Chapple

2012-06-01

302

Prenatal testosterone increases sensitivity to prenatal stressors in males with disruptive behavior disorders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Disruptive Behavior Disorders (DBD) exhibit a sex-biased prevalence rate favoring boys, and prenatal testosterone exposure appears to be part of the complex etiology of these disorders. The current study examines whether high prenatal testosterone exposure may heighten the risk for DBD symptoms in males by increasing susceptibility to negative environmental conditions such as maternal nicotine and alcohol use during pregnancy. Participants were 109 three- to six-year-olds (64% male; 72% with DBD) and their 109 primary caregivers and 55 daycare providers/teachers who completed a multi-informant diagnostic procedure. A proxy of prenatal testosterone exposure, finger-length ratios, interacted with maternal report of prenatal nicotine use to predict teacher-rated hyperactivity-impulsivity during preschool, for boys, but not girls, although the three-way interaction was not significant. Prenatal testosterone interacted with prenatal alcohol exposure to predict teacher-rated hyperactivity-impulsivity and ODD symptoms differentially based on child sex (significant three-way interaction). Boys with higher levels of prenatal testosterone who were also exposed to higher levels of nicotine and alcohol during pregnancy exhibited increased hyperactivity-impulsivity during early childhood, but girls did not exhibit this same pattern. Thus, high prenatal testosterone exposure seems to increase risk for DBD symptoms particularly in males by increasing susceptibility to prenatal environmental stressors. PMID:24819590

Martel, Michelle M; Roberts, Bethan A

2014-01-01

303

Situs anomalies on prenatal MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: Situs anomalies refer to an abnormal organ arrangement, which may be associated with severe errors of development. Due regard being given to prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an adjunct to ultrasonography (US), this study sought to demonstrate the in utero visualization of situs anomalies on MRI, compared to US. Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 12 fetuses with situs anomalies depicted on fetal MRI using prenatal US as a comparison modality. With an MRI standard protocol, the whole fetus was assessed for anomalies, with regard to the position and morphology of the following structures: heart; venous drainage and aorta; stomach and intestines; liver and gallbladder; and the presence and number of spleens. Results: Situs inversus totalis was found in 3/12 fetuses; situs inversus with levocardia in 1/12 fetuses; situs inversus abdominis in 2/12 fetuses; situs ambiguous with polysplenia in 3/12 fetuses, and with asplenia in 2/12 fetuses; and isolated dextrocardia in 1/12 fetuses. Congenital heart defects (CHDs), vascular anomalies, and intestinal malrotations were the most frequent associated malformations. In 5/12 cases, the US and MRI diagnoses were concordant. Compared to US, in 7/12 cases, additional MRI findings specified the situs anomaly, but CHDs were only partially visualized in six cases. Conclusions: Our initial MRI results demonstrate the visualization of situs anomalies and associated malformations in utero, which associated malformations in utero, which may provide important information for perinatal management. Using a standard protocol, MRI may identify additional findings, compared to US, which confirm and specify the situs anomaly, but, with limited MRI visualization of fetal CHDs.

304

Responsiveness of cerebral and hepatic cytochrome P450s in rat offspring prenatally exposed to lindane  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ABSTRACT: Prenatal exposure to low doses of lindane has been shown to affect the ontogeny of xenobiotic metabolizing cytochrome P450s (CYPs), involved in the metabolism and neurobehavioral toxicity of lindane. Attempts were made in the present study to investigate the responsiveness of CYPs in offspring prenatally exposed to lindane (0.25 mg/kg b. wt.; 1/350th of LD50; p. o. to mother) when challenged with 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) or phenobarbital (PB), inducers of CYP1A and 2B families or a sub-convulsant dose of lindane (30 mg/kg b. wt., p. o.) later in life. Prenatal exposure to lindane was found to produce an increase in the mRNA and protein expression of CYP1A1, 1A2, 2B1, 2B2 isoforms in brain and liver of the offspring at postnatal day 50. The increased expression of the CYPs in the offspring suggests the sensitivity of the CYPs during postnatal development, possibly, to low levels of lindane, which may partition into mother's milk. A higher increase in expression of CYP1A and 2B isoenzymes and their catalytic activity was observed in animals pretreated prenatally with lindane and challenged with MC (30 mg/kg, i. p. x 5 days) or PB (80 mg/kg, i. p. x 5 days) when young at age (approx. 7 weeks) compared to animals exposed to MC or PB alone. Further, challenge of the control and prenatally exposed offspring with a single sub-convulsant dose of lindane resulted in an earlier onset and increased incidence of convulsions in the offspring prenatally exposed to lindane have demonstrated sensitivity of the CYPs in the prenatally exposed offspring. Our data assume significance as the subtle changes in the expression profiles of hepatic and cerebral CYPs in rat offspring during postnatal development could modify the adult response to a later exposure to xenobiotics

305

Development of sensitization to methamphetamine in offspring prenatally exposed to morphine, methadone and buprenorphine.  

Science.gov (United States)

Heroin use among young women of reproductive age has drawn much attention around the world. However, there is lack of information on the long-term effects of prenatal exposure to opioids on their offspring. Our previous study demonstrated that prenatally buprenorphine-exposed offspring showed a marked change in the cross-tolerance to morphine compared with other groups. In the current study, this animal model was used to study effects of methamphetamine (METH)-induced behavioral sensitization in the offspring at their adulthood. The results showed no differences in either basal or acute METH-induced locomotor activity in any of the groups of animals tested. When male offspring received METH injections of 2?mg/kg, i.p., once a day for 5?days, behavioral sensitization was induced, as determined by motor activity. Furthermore, the distance and rate of development (slope) of locomotor activity and conditioned place preference induced by METH were significantly increased in the prenatally buprenorphine-exposed animals compared with those in other groups. The dopamine D1 R in the nucleus accumbens of the prenatally buprenorphine-exposed offspring had lower mRNA expression; but no significant changes in the ?-, ?-opioid, nociceptin, D2 R and D3 R receptors were noted. Furthermore, significant alterations were observed in the basal level of cAMP and the D1 R agonist enhanced adenylyl cyclase activity in the prenatally buprenorphine-exposed group. Overall, the study demonstrates that D1 R and its downregulated cAMP signals are involved in enhancing METH-induced behavioral sensitization in prenatally buprenorphine-exposed offspring. The study reveals that prenatal exposure to buprenorphine caused long-term effects on offspring and affected the dopaminergic system-related reward mechanism. PMID:23551991

Chiang, Yao-Chang; Hung, Tsai-Wei; Ho, Ing-Kang

2014-07-01

306

La amniocentesis como técnica de diagnóstico prenatal Amniocentesis as a technique for prenatal diagnosis  

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Full Text Available Se ofrece una revisión teórica actualizada sobre la técnica de amniocentesis utilizada, desde 1882, para el diagnóstico prenatal de un sinnúmero de anomalías congénitas, a partir de la información obtenida en las bases de datos MEDLINE, LILACS y la de la Literatura Cubana de Medicina, de los años 1988 a 1994, localizadas en los órganos de información del Sistema Nacional de Información de Ciencias Médicas. Se dan a conocer los procedimientos generales para aplicar estas técnicas, sus riesgos y beneficios, así como las variantes de amniocentesis que existen de acuerdo con la semana de gestación en que se realicen. Se informan los 4 tipos de análisis de laboratorio que se le aplican a los distintos componenetes del líquido amniótico. Se concluye que a pesar de ser una técnica de gran complejidad y riesgo obstétrico es de gran utilidad para el diagnóstico precoz de determinadas anomalías.An update theorical review is made on the thecnique of amniocentesis used from 1882 for the prenatal diagnosis of a great deal of congenital anomalies taking into account the information obtained from the databases MEDLINE, LILACS, and the Cuban Literature of Medicine from 1988 to 1994, found in the information services of the National System for Information on Medical Sciences. The general procedures for the application of this technique, the risks involved and benefits, are reported, as well as the different variants of amniocentesis available according to the gestation week in which it is performed. The four types of laboratory analysis which are applied to the different components of the amniotic fluid are also reported. It is concluded that despite being a very complex technique having an obstetric risk, it is very useful for the early diagnosis of certain anomalies.

Manuela de la C. Valdés Abreu

1997-12-01

307

PRENATAL TORSION OF TESTIS: A RARE EMERGENCY  

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Full Text Available Prenatal torsion of testis is an extremely rare surgical emergency with controversial management guidelines. Controversy exists not only with regard to timing and necessity of exploration but also whether or not to fix the contralateral testis as there is no predisposing anatomical defect. Though not life-threatening, it risks fertility of an otherwise healthy newborn male if overlooked. We describe a case of prenatal testicular torsion and discuss pertinent issues.

Neha Singh Shrivastava

2012-04-01

308

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital lung malformations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital lung anomalies has increased in recent years as imaging methods have benefitted from technical improvements. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to illustrate typical imaging findings of a wide spectrum of congenital lung anomalies on prenatal US and MRI. Moreover, we propose an algorithm based on imaging findings to facilitate the differential diagnosis, and suggest a follow-up algorithm during pregnancy and in the immediate postnatal period. (orig.)

Alamo, Leonor; Gudinchet, Francois; Meuli, Reto [Centre Hospitaliere Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Unit of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Lausanne (Switzerland); Reinberg, Olivier [Centre Hospitaliere Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Department of Pediatric Surgery, Lausanne (Switzerland); Vial, Yvan; Francini, Katyuska [Centre Hospitaliere Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lausanne (Switzerland); Osterheld, Maria-Chiara [Centre Hospitaliere Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Department of Pathology, Lausanne (Switzerland)

2012-03-15

309

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital lung malformations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital lung anomalies has increased in recent years as imaging methods have benefitted from technical improvements. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to illustrate typical imaging findings of a wide spectrum of congenital lung anomalies on prenatal US and MRI. Moreover, we propose an algorithm based on imaging findings to facilitate the differential diagnosis, and suggest a follow-up algorithm during pregnancy and in the immediate postnatal period. (orig.)

310

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung: A case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation is one of a rare congenital malformation usually unilateal in volving a part of lobe or a whole lobe of the fetal lung, characterized by excessive growing of terminal respiratory element. We made a prenatal diagnosis in a case of congenital cystic adenomdtoid malformation with diffuse bilateral involvement, Stocker Type III which is associated with fetal hydrops

Shin, Hyun Ja; Shin, M. J.; Yoo, Y. J.; Park, J. M.; Kim, J. R. [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1990-12-15

311

Diagnostic test for prenatal identification of Down's syndrome and mental retardation and gene therapy therefor  

Science.gov (United States)

A a diagnostic test useful for prenatal identification of Down syndrome and mental retardation. A method for gene therapy for correction and treatment of Down syndrome. DYRK gene involved in the ability to learn. A method for diagnosing Down's syndrome and mental retardation and an assay therefor. A pharmaceutical composition for treatment of Down's syndrome mental retardation.

Smith, Desmond J. (Oakland, CA); Rubin, Edward M. (Berkeley, CA)

2000-01-01

312

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung: A case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation is one of a rare congenital malformation usually unilateal in volving a part of lobe or a whole lobe of the fetal lung, characterized by excessive growing of terminal respiratory element. We made a prenatal diagnosis in a case of congenital cystic adenomdtoid malformation with diffuse bilateral involvement, Stocker Type III which is associated with fetal hydrops

313

Prenatal nicotine exposure and child behavioural problems.  

Science.gov (United States)

In utero exposure to tobacco smoke has been related to numerous adverse health effects in new-borns, infants, children, adolescents and adults. The aim of this review was to summarise findings on prenatal nicotine exposure and its relationship with behavioural problems in the offspring. The majority of studies, and especially several recent epidemiological studies, observed a higher likelihood for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or ADHD symptoms in exposed subjects. However, both human and animal studies have failed to provide clear evidence on causality. Existing literature on studies investigating the association between prenatal nicotine exposure and conduct or externalising problems in the offspring suggests a causal effect. The establishment of a final conclusion concerning the relationship between prenatal nicotine exposure and internalising problems in the offspring is complicated by insufficient data and mixed results in epidemiological studies. Prenatal nicotine exposure has been associated with altered brain structure and function in human offspring, and a proposed biological mechanism is related to nicotine's adverse influence on neurotransmitter systems during brain development. In conclusion, establishing a statement on the causality of the relationship between prenatal nicotine exposure and behavioural problems in children remains a challenging task. Nevertheless, considering the results of an increasing number of studies which link prenatal exposure to nicotine to externalising problems applying different methodologies to account for confounding and in view of other adverse health effects known to be caused by this exposure, parents should consider smoking cessation. PMID:25241028

Tiesler, Carla M T; Heinrich, Joachim

2014-10-01

314

Prenatal ultrasonographic findings of cloacal anomaly  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the ultrasonographic characteristic of a rare malformation comples, Cloacal anomaly on prenatal ultrasonography. From March 1991 to July 2001, eight cases with the persistent cloaca (4 cases in female and 1 case in male) and cloacal exstrophy (3 cases) diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound examination were included, and all of them were pathologically confirmed by autopsy. One radiologist retrospectively analyzed the prenatal sonographic images, including the urinary bladder, kidney, pelvic cyst, abdominal wall defect and amount of amniotic fluid. The ultrasonographic diagnosis was established at 21.8 {+-} 7.8 weeks of gestation. The prenatal ultrasonographic findings of the persistent cloaca were absent bladder (n=2), distended bladder (n=2) and small thick bladder (n=1). Sonography of the kidney showed normal (n=2), hydronephrosis (n=1), dysplasia (n=1) and unilateral hydronephrosis with absent contralateral kidney (n=1). Four fetuses showed septated pelvic cyst; three fetuses, oligohydramnios. The prenatal ultrasonographic findings of cloacal exstrophy included absent bladder (n=3), normal kidney (n=1), hydronephrosis (n=1) and absent kidney (n=1). All fetuses with cloacal exstrophy had abdominal wall defect while two of them had oligohydramnios. A prenatal diagnosis of persistent cloaca can be confidently made when there is septated pelvic cyst combined oligohydramnios, sediments within the cyst and intraluminal calcifications. Cloacal exstrophy should be included in diagnosis if there is a low abdominal wall defect with absent urinary bladder.

Song, Mi Jin [Samsung Cheil Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2002-09-15

315

Prenatal ultrasonographic findings of cloacal anomaly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the ultrasonographic characteristic of a rare malformation comples, Cloacal anomaly on prenatal ultrasonography. From March 1991 to July 2001, eight cases with the persistent cloaca (4 cases in female and 1 case in male) and cloacal exstrophy (3 cases) diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound examination were included, and all of them were pathologically confirmed by autopsy. One radiologist retrospectively analyzed the prenatal sonographic images, including the urinary bladder, kidney, pelvic cyst, abdominal wall defect and amount of amniotic fluid. The ultrasonographic diagnosis was established at 21.8 ± 7.8 weeks of gestation. The prenatal ultrasonographic findings of the persistent cloaca were absent bladder (n=2), distended bladder (n=2) and small thick bladder (n=1). Sonography of the kidney showed normal (n=2), hydronephrosis (n=1), dysplasia (n=1) and unilateral hydronephrosis with absent contralateral kidney (n=1). Four fetuses showed septated pelvic cyst; three fetuses, oligohydramnios. The prenatal ultrasonographic findings of cloacal exstrophy included absent bladder (n=3), normal kidney (n=1), hydronephrosis (n=1) and absent kidney (n=1). All fetuses with cloacal exstrophy had abdominal wall defect while two of them had oligohydramnios. A prenatal diagnosis of persistent cloaca can be confidently made when there is septated pelvic cyst combined oligohydramnios, sediments within the cyst and intraluminal calcifications. Cloacal exstrophy should be incications. Cloacal exstrophy should be included in diagnosis if there is a low abdominal wall defect with absent urinary bladder.

316

Characterization of the cognitive impairments induced by prenatal exposure to stress in the rat  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We have previously shown that male rats exposed to gestational stress exhibit phenotypes resembling what is observed in schizophrenia, including hypersensitivity to amphetamine, blunted sensory gating, disrupted social behavior, impaired stress axis regulation, and aberrant prefrontal expression of genes involved in synaptic plasticity. Maternal psychological stress during pregnancy has been associated with adverse cognitive outcomes among children, as well as an increased risk for developing schizophrenia, which is characterized by significant cognitive deficits. We sought to characterize the long-term cognitive outcome of prenatal stress using a preclinical paradigm, which is readily amenable to the development of novel therapeutic strategies. Rats exposed to repeated variable prenatal stress during the third week of gestation were evaluated using a battery of cognitive tests, including the novel object recognition task, cued and contextual fear conditioning, the Morris water maze, and iterative versions of a paradigm in which working and reference memory for both objects and spatial locations can be assessed (the ‘Can Test’. Prenatally stressed males were impaired relative to controls on each of these tasks, confirming the face validity of this preclinical paradigm and extending the cognitive implications of prenatal stress exposure beyond the hippocampus. Interestingly, in experiments where both sexes were included, the performance of females was found to be less affected by prenatal stress compared to that of males. This could be related to the finding that women are less vulnerable than men to schizophrenia, and merits further investigation.

JulieA.Markham

2010-11-01

317

Chromosomal Mosaicism in Human Feto-Placental Development: Implications for Prenatal Diagnosis  

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Full Text Available Chromosomal mosaicism is one of the primary interpretative issues in prenatal diagnosis. In this review, the mechanisms underlying feto-placental chromosomal mosaicism are presented. Based on the substantial retrospective diagnostic experience with chorionic villi samples (CVS of a prenatal diagnosis laboratory the following items are discussed: (i The frequency of the different types of mosaicism (confined placental, CPM, and true fetal mosaicisms, TFM; (ii The risk of fetal confirmation after the detection of a mosaic in CVS stratified by chromosome abnormality and placental tissue involvement; (iii The frequency of uniparental disomy for imprinted chromosomes associated with CPM; (iv The incidence of false-positive and false-negative results in CVS samples analyzed by only (semi-direct preparation or long term culture; and (v The implications of the presence of a feto-placental mosaicism for microarray analysis of CVS and non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS.

Francesca Romana Grati

2014-07-01

318

Prenatal imaging of amniotic band sequence: utility and role of fetal MRI as an adjunct to prenatal US  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Amniotic band sequence and its US manifestations have been well-described. There is little information, however, regarding the accuracy and utility of fetal MRI. To describe the MRI findings in amniotic band sequence and to compare the diagnostic accuracy of MRI and US. Prenatal MRI and US studies were retrospectively reviewed in 14 consecutive pregnancies with confirmed amniotic band sequence. Both studies were evaluated for amniotic band visualization, body part affected, type of deformity, umbilical cord involvement and vascular abnormality. Amniotic bands were confidently identified with MRI in 8 fetuses (57%), suggested with MRI in 3 fetuses (21%) and confidently seen by US in 13 fetuses (93%). Neither modality detected surgically proven bands on one fetus. Both techniques were equally able to define the body part affected and the type of deformity. At least one limb abnormality was visualized in all cases and truncal involvement was present in two cases. Cord involvement was identified in seven cases, with one case detected only by MRI. Fetal MRI is able to visualize amniotic bands and their secondary manifestations and could be complementary to prenatal US when fetal surgery is contemplated. (orig.)

Neuman, Jeremy [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Staten Island University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Staten Island, NY (United States); Calvo-Garcia, Maria A.; Kline-Fath, Beth M.; Bitters, Constance; Merrow, Arnold C.; Guimaraes, Carolina V.A. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Lim, Foong-Yen [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Fetal Surgery, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

2012-05-15

319

["A shot at the father: a student's assault". Sigmund Freud and the case of Ernst Haberl].  

Science.gov (United States)

In the fall of 1922, the Freud family was involved in a criminal case: The son of Mathilde Freud's nursing sister, Ernst Haberl, had shot at his father. With the help of August Aichhorn the Viennese Juvenile Court's social assistance department was engaged on behalf of the young man. Freud commissioned the lawyer Valentin Teirich to defend him in court. The Viennese dailies reported the deed and the trial extensively (Haberl was acquitted). That a comment published in the Neue Freie Presse was written by Freud himself, as Teirich believed, is, according to Anna Freud, highly improbable. PMID:24988808

Aichhorn, Thomas

2014-01-01

320

Prenatal care: difficulties experienced by nurses Atención prenatal: dificultades vivenciadas por las enfermeras Assistência pré-natal: dificuldades vivenciadas pelas enfermeiras  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed to identify the difficulties nurses experience at the start of their professional life in prenatal care activities. Data were collected through interviews with 25 nurses who accompanied prenatal care in the basic health network of Rio Branco-AC, Brazil and were grouped according to the frequency and level of difficulty they mentioned. We observed that nurses did not demonstrate difficulties in a series of important prenatal care activities at the start of their professional life. However, they reported different levels of difficulties in other activities. Furthermore, the participants pointed out difficulties in activities that require knowledge (knowing as well as abilities (know-how. This study also indicated flaws in undergraduate formation with respect to prenatal care, involving theoretical aspects as well as exclusively practical activities.La finalidad de este estudio fue identificar las dificultades vividas por las enfermeras en el inicio de su vida profesional, en las actividades relacionadas con la atención prenatal. Los datos fueron recopilados a través de entrevistas con 25 enfermeras que acompañaban el prenatal en la red básica de salud del municipio de Rio Branco-AC, Brasil, y fueron agrupados según la frecuencia y el grado de dificultad mencionado por ellas. Constatamos que las enfermeras no presentaron dificultades en una serie de actividades importantes en la atención prenatal, en el inicio de su vida profesional. Sin embargo, relataron que enfrentaron dificultades en otras. Estas dificultades se mostraron como siendo de diferentes grados. Señalaron dificultades en actividades que exigen conocimientos (saber, y también en actividades que necesitan de habilidades (saber-hacer. El estudio todavía indicó fallas en la formación de pregrado respecto a la atención al prenatal, tanto para aspectos teóricos como para actividades exclusivamente prácticas.Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar as dificuldades vivenciadas pelas enfermeiras, no início de sua vida profissional, nas atividades relacionadas à assistência pré-natal. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas com 25 enfermeiras que acompanhavam o pré-natal, na rede básica de saúde do município de Rio Branco-AC, e foram agrupados conforme a freqüência e o grau de dificuldade referido por elas. Constatamos que as enfermeiras não apresentaram dificuldades em uma série de atividades importantes na assistência pré-natal, no início do exercício profissional. No entanto, relataram que enfrentaram dificuldades em outras. Essas dificuldades eram de diferentes graus. Apontaram dificuldades em atividades que exigem conhecimentos (saber como também em atividades que necessitam de habilidades (saber-fazer. O estudo apontou ainda falhas na formação da graduação com relação à atenção ao pré-natal, tanto para aspectos teóricos como para atividades exclusivamente práticas.

Leila Maria Geromel Dotto

2006-10-01

 
 
 
 
321

Fathers’ Experience of Shared Parental Leave in Sweden  

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Full Text Available Since the introduction of the Swedish parental leave reform in 1974, fathers have had the same rights to use parental leave as mothers. Between 2000 and 2003, a research project at the Department of Sociology, University of Gothenburg, focused on fathers who had taken more than four months of paid parental leave. The approach of the study was mainly qualitative, based upon a combination of a survey and interviews. A majority of the fathers who answered the questionnaire had been the main caregivers for their children during their parental leave. During the interviews many of the men described their mothers as role models for their fatherhood. The men also described their own partner as both anxious to get back to her work after her own parental leave period and convinced of the importance of a nurturing father. An early decision to take part of the parental leave probably made it easier for the men to reach workplace agreements. Most of the men described themselves as both nurturing fathers and as sharing housework equally. They stressed the importance of being alone with their child during a long period, to be able to develop a deep relationship with their child.

Anders Chronholm

2011-03-01

322

Women's and care providers' perspectives of quality prenatal care: a qualitative descriptive study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Much attention has been given to the adequacy of prenatal care use in promoting healthy outcomes for women and their infants. Adequacy of use takes into account the timing of initiation of prenatal care and the number of visits. However, there is emerging evidence that the quality of prenatal care may be more important than adequacy of use. The purpose of our study was to explore women's and care providers' perspectives of quality prenatal care to inform the development of items for a new instrument, the Quality of Prenatal Care Questionnaire. We report on the derivation of themes resulting from this first step of questionnaire development. Methods A qualitative descriptive approach was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 pregnant women and 40 prenatal care providers recruited from five urban centres across Canada. Data were analyzed using inductive open and then pattern coding. The final step of analysis used a deductive approach to assign the emergent themes to broader categories reflective of the study's conceptual framework. Results The three main categories informed by Donabedian's model of quality health care were structure of care, clinical care processes, and interpersonal care processes. Structure of care themes included access, physical setting, and staff and care provider characteristics. Themes under clinical care processes were health promotion and illness prevention, screening and assessment, information sharing, continuity of care, non-medicalization of pregnancy, and women-centredness. Interpersonal care processes themes were respectful attitude, emotional support, approachable interaction style, and taking time. A recurrent theme woven throughout the data reflected the importance of a meaningful relationship between a woman and her prenatal care provider that was characterized by trust. Conclusions While certain aspects of structure of care were identified as being key dimensions of quality prenatal care, clinical and interpersonal care processes emerged as being most essential to quality care. These processes are important as they have a role in mitigating adverse outcomes, promoting involvement of women in their own care, and keeping women engaged in care. The findings suggest key considerations for the planning, delivery, and evaluation of prenatal care. Most notably, care should be woman-centred and embrace shared decision making as an essential element.

Sword Wendy

2012-04-01

323

[Cerebral palsy: prenatal risk factors].  

Science.gov (United States)

Prenatal risk factors causing cerebral palsy (CP), here defined as a non-progressive motor abnormality of tone or posture, are much more numerous than once believed, when a great deal of brain injury was attributed to factors surrounding delivery. Scientific advances in genetics and biochemistry, as well as clinical technical advances in, for example, amniotic fluid examination or fetal neuroimaging, has permitted us to find a multiplicity of new etiologies causing neonatal encephalopathy, most of which were formerly attributed to perinatal hypoxia-ischemia. This article reviews an expanded list of etiologies, including asphyxia, which has been found to cause only 6-10% of CP in full term infants, and periventricular leukomalacia, which is associated with 30-50% of CP in premature births. We also review a few of the genetic causes of CP, which lead to metabolic encephalopathies in come cases, to congenital anomalies in others, and sometimes to both. We discuss maternal gestational or intrapartum infections which may affect the fetus by direct in utero contagion or by other less direct means. Inborn metabolic errors affecting the fetus, such as diabetes, are touched on, as are the effects of maternal medications or recreational drugs on the fetus. Finally, we briefly cite the curious phenomenon occurring in multiple births, namely the potential of CP in the surviving infant or infants were the others have died in utero. PMID:12938060

Pascual, J M; Koenigsberger, M R

324

Prenatal diagnosis of homozygous ?-thalassemia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An in vitro test for the prenatal diagnosis of homozygous ?-thalassaemia and its application is described. The basic methodology consists in obtaining a minute specimen of placental blood by blind aspiration or foetoscopy at the 18th to 20th week of gestation, incubating a sample in the presence of 3H-leucine, separating the labelled globin chains by chromatography on sodium carboxymethyl cellulose microcolumns with 8M urea-mercaptoethanol and measuring the radioactivity associated with the ?- and ?-chains. The ?/(pre-?+?) radioactivity ratio is used as an index of adequacy of ?-chain synthesis, a value greater than 0.07 being taken as indicative of freedom from disease and a value less than 0.03 indicative of homozygous ?-thalassaemia. From 350 women seeking the test, 344 samples were tested; 269 were judged normal or heterozygous, 75 homozygous for ?-thalassaemia. Four false negatives were identified, 3 having given borderline ?/(pre-?+?) ratios. Complications leading to foetal loss fell from 16% over the first year's experience to 8% over the second and 5% over the third. The test is now judged suitable for general use and is indeed being so used

325

The role of the father in the development of psychosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In psychoanalysis, fathering has not received much analytical at­tention and only little is known about the actual impact of paternity on the development of certain psychopathology. This paper seeks to carefully examine and critically discuss the impact of fathering on psychotic individuals. It elaborates on the importance of the father in the healthy development of the children, as well as on the consequences that his absence entails for their psyche. Drawing on a Lacanian analytical framework, it is argued that, nowadays, the paternal figure has significantly lost its previous status. The gradual extinction of the paternal function, within the contemporary cultural environment, is mainly because of important social and legal changes in the familial structure, such as the increase of single-parent families and the legalization of the adoption of children by gay couples.

Avramaki Elissavet

2011-01-01

326

Heterosexual gender relations and masculinity in fathers who smoke.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research was to explore the role of masculinity and heterosexual gender relations in new and expectant fathers' explanations of their continued smoking. We conducted a secondary analysis of in-depth interviews with 20 fathers. Two themes were identified: (1) reconciling with partners to maintain a smoke-free family home; and (2) smoking to self-regulate emotions and maintain relationships. Fathers' decisions to smoke and changes in smoking behavior were shaped by ideals of masculinity and by partner relationships and family and social contexts, including division of domestic duties and childcare. Recognizing the influence of both masculinity and gender relations could provide new directions for supporting men's smoking cessation efforts during early parenthood. PMID:25155799

Kwon, Jae-Yung; Oliffe, John L; Bottorff, Joan L; Kelly, Mary T

2014-10-01

327

Attributions and Attitudes of Mothers and Fathers in China.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE: The present study examined mothers' and fathers' attributions and attitudes related to parenting in China. DESIGN: Interviews were conducted with 241 pairs of parents to obtain maternal and paternal reports of attributions regarding successes and failures in parent-child interactions and on progressive versus authoritarian attitudes about parenting. RESULTS: Mothers' mean levels of attributions and attitudes did not differ significantly from fathers' mean levels of attributions and attitudes. Significant correlations were found between mothers' and fathers' attributions regarding uncontrollable success, authoritarian attitudes, and modernity of attitudes. CONCLUSIONS: Supporting the cultural evolutionary view that drastic social changes bring about non-conforming and individualistic behavioral tendencies, these findings rectify and expand the existing literature portraying Chinese parenting as uniformly Confucian and traditional. PMID:21927584

Chang, Lei; Chen, Bin-Bin; Ji, Lin Qin

2011-07-01

328

Parental Involvement in Adolescent Romantic Relationships: Patterns and Correlates  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined dimensions of mothers' and fathers' involvement in adolescents' romantic relationships when offspring were age 17. Using cluster analysis, parents from 105 White, working and middle class families were classified as positively involved, negatively involved, or autonomy-oriented with respect to their adolescents' romantic…

Kan, Marni L.; McHale, Susan M.; Crouter, Ann C.

2008-01-01

329

Child Health USA 2013: Barriers to Prenatal Care  

Science.gov (United States)

... and Reader's Guide Introduction Perinatal Health Status Indicators Perinatal Risk Factors and Behaviors Health Services Utilization Programs and Policies Health Services Utilization > Barriers to Prenatal Care Barriers to Prenatal Care Narrative Early and adequate ...

330

Academic Success of Mexican Origin Adolescent Boys and Girls: The Role of Mothers’ and Fathers’ Parenting and Cultural Orientation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To understand the role that Mexican origin parents play in their children’s academic success, this study used structural equation modeling to evaluate the associations of parents’ parenting practices (warmth, monitoring, harshness, and academic involvement) and cultural orientations (enculturation and acculturation) with their adolescents’ grades, classroom behavior, and association with peers who get into trouble at school. Data were obtained from teachers, mothers, fathers, and male a...

Dumka, Larry E.; Gonzales, Nancy A.; Bonds, Darya; Millsap, Roger E.

2009-01-01

331

Chromosomal microarray analysis and prenatal diagnosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) assesses chromosomal copy number alterations and affords higher resolution when compared with standard karyotype. This review provides the obstetric provider with an update on the technology, use, and controversies concerning CMA utilization in prenatal diagnosis. Chromosomal microarray analysis offers increased resolution for copy number abnormalities compared with traditional karyotype. There is high-quality evidence for the added detection of clinically significant copy number alterations with CMA in prenatal diagnosis when the traditional karyotype is normal. Other potential advantages of CMA include a quicker turnaround time and utilization in clinical situations with a high probability of nondividing cells (ie, intrauterine fetal demise, spontaneous miscarriage, and third-trimester amniocentesis). Chromosomal microarray analysis may be beneficial when prenatally detected structural anomalies are associated with specific microdeletions and microduplications or to assess for copy number variants when a de novo balanced rearrangement or marker chromosome is diagnosed. Use of CMA includes the detection of copy number variants of uncertain significance. In light of these issues, large prospective cohort studies are needed to illustrate the diagnostic utility of CMA for detection of prenatal chromosomal abnormalities in low-risk populations before routine clinical use of CMA is recommended in all circumstances of prenatal diagnosis. PMID:25336071

Lo, Jamie O; Shaffer, Brian L; Feist, Cori D; Caughey, Aaron B

2014-10-01

332

LEAST EXPLORED FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH PRENATAL SMOKING  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives Poor pregnancy and birth outcomes are major problems in the United States, and maternal smoking during pregnancy has been identified as one of the most preventable risk factors associated with these outcomes. This study examines less explored risk factors of smoking among underserved African American pregnant women. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted at an outpatient obstetrics-gynecology clinic of an inner-city university hospital in Virginia from March 2009 through January 2011 in which pregnant women (N=902) were interviewed at their first prenatal care visit. Survey questions included items related to women’s sociodemographic characteristics as well as their pregnancy history; criminal history; receipt of social services; child protective services involvement; insurance status; and history of substance abuse, domestic violence, and depression. Multiple logistic regression was conducted to calculate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals depicting the relationship between these factors and smoking during pregnancy. Results The analysis reported that maternal age [OR= 1.08, 95%CI=1.05–1.12], less than high school education [OR=4.30, 95%CI=2.27–8.14], unemployed [OR=2.33, 95%CI=1.35–4.04], criminal history [OR=1.66, 95%CI=1.05–2.63], receipt of social services [OR=2.26, 95%CI=1.35–3.79] alcohol use [OR=2.73, 95%CI=1.65–4.51] and illicit drug use [OR=1.97, 95%CI=1.04–3.74] during pregnancy were statistically significant risk factors associated with smoking during pregnancy. Conclusions In addition to the well known risk factors, public health professionals should be aware that criminal history and receipt of social services are important factors associated with smoking during pregnancy. Social service providers such as WIC and prisons and jails may offer a unique opportunity for education and cessation interventions during the preconception or interconception period. PMID:22903305

Masho, Saba W.; Bishop, Diane L.; Keyser-Marcus, Lori; Varner, Sara B.; White, Shannon; Svikis, Dace

2012-01-01

333

Análise descritiva do pai da criança com deficiência mental / Descriptive analysis of the father of a mentally disabled child  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A interação pai-criança deficiente merece atenção e precisa de mais investigações. Este estudo descreveu características dos pais de crianças com deficiência mental, com idade entre dois e quatro anos, quanto a stress, empoderamento (processo pelo qual os familiares obtêm acesso a conhecimentos, hab [...] ilidades e recursos que os capacitam a ganhar controle positivo de suas vidas, bem como melhorar a qualidade de seus estilos de vida), apoio social e qualidade do ambiente. Treze pais responderam aos seguintes instrumentos: Questionário de Caracterização do Sistema Familiar, Questionário de Recursos e Stress na forma resumida, Guia Geral de Transcrição dos Dados de Entrevista, Entrevista de Caracterização do Papel do Pai na Educação da Criança com Deficiência Mental, Escala de Empoderamento da Família, Escala de Senso de Competência Parental e Observação Domiciliar para Medida do Ambiente - Primeira Infância. Os resultados indicaram pais com baixo nível socioeconômico e de escolaridade, papel tradicional, presença de stress, autoestima adequada e porcentagens elevadas de empoderamento, além de ambiente domiciliar pobre em estimulação à criança. Os participantes se classificaram como bons pais e figuras importantes na vida das crianças, despendendo muitas horas de interação com elas. Percebe-se a necessidade de estudos com diferentes metodologias e de envolvimento do pai nos serviços profissionais para seus filhos. Abstract in english The interaction between a father and his disabled child deserves attention and needs further investigation. This study described characteristics of the fathers of mentally disabled children, aged between two and four years old, in terms of stress, empowerment, social support and quality of the envir [...] onment. Thirteen fathers answered the following tools: Characterization of Family System Questionnaire, Questionnaire on Resources and Stress - Short Form, General Guide to Transcription of Interview Data, Interview in respect of the Characterization of the Role of the Father in the Education of the Mentally Disabled Child, Family Empowerment Scale, Parent Sense of Competence Scale and Early Childhood - The Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment. Results pointed to fathers of low socio-economic and educational levels, traditional role, presence of stress, adequate self-esteem and high percentages of empowerment, while the home environment failed to stimulate the child. The participants ranked themselves as good fathers and important figures in the child's life, spending many hours interacting with the child. It can be seen that there is a need for further studies using different methodologies as well as for the father's involvement in professional services for their children.

Nancy Capretz Batista da, Silva; Ana Lúcia Rossito, Aiello.

334

Prenatal Diagnosis and Outcome of Congenital Lung Mass  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

With the widespread use of high-resolution ultrasound examinations, congenital lung masses are frequently detected during a routine prenatal ultrasound examination. The purpose of this pictorial review is to demonstrate the natural history of congenital lung masses through the evaluation of serial prenatal ultrasound examinations and postnatal examinations, and to suggest adequate prenatal management

Song, Mi Jin [Cheil General Hospital and Women' s Healthcare Center, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2008-06-15

335

Prenatal Diagnosis and Outcome of Congenital Lung Mass  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the widespread use of high-resolution ultrasound examinations, congenital lung masses are frequently detected during a routine prenatal ultrasound examination. The purpose of this pictorial review is to demonstrate the natural history of congenital lung masses through the evaluation of serial prenatal ultrasound examinations and postnatal examinations, and to suggest adequate prenatal management

336

Prenatal intervention for urinary obstruction and myelomeningocele  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Widespread use of ultrasonography has resulted in an increase in the recognition of fetal hydronephrosis. The enthusiasm that accompanied early interventions has been tempered by the experience and results obtained over the past 2 decades. The goal has remained the same: to identify patients with se [...] rious prenatal obstruction and to identify those which may benefit from intervention. Myelomeningocele remains a devastating congenital anomaly. Fetal and experimental studies suggested that patients with myelomeningocele could benefit from prenatal intervention. Advances in technology and perinatal management have made intervention for more complex malformations such as myelomeningocele possible. This article will review current knowledge and will detail rational management for the management of prenatal hydronephrosis. The current state of antenatal myelomeningocele repair and the urologic implications will be described as well.

Hubert S., Swana; Ronald S., Sutherland; Laurence, Baskin.

2004-02-01

337

New genetic testing in prenatal diagnosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Determining a genetic diagnosis prenatally permits patients to make informed reproductive decisions and to be counseled about possible fetal outcomes. Therefore, it is important for the provider to be aware of the spectrum of genetic conditions and to use appropriate testing modality to obtain specific diagnosis. This article reviews genetic techniques available for prenatal diagnosis such as preimplantation genetic testing, chromosomal microarray, non-invasive prenatal screening, and next-generation sequencing. Chromosomal microarray has emerged as the first diagnostic test for evaluation of multiple congenital anomalies and developmental delay as most of the next-generation sequencing methods do not detect copy-number variants (CNVs). Exome sequencing and whole genome sequencing are time-consuming, so if this needs to be done to obtain an accurate genetic diagnosis, allow sufficient time. PMID:24315623

Babkina, Natalia; Graham, John M

2014-06-01

338

Prenatal intervention for urinary obstruction and myelomeningocele  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Widespread use of ultrasonography has resulted in an increase in the recognition of fetal hydronephrosis. The enthusiasm that accompanied early interventions has been tempered by the experience and results obtained over the past 2 decades. The goal has remained the same: to identify patients with serious prenatal obstruction and to identify those which may benefit from intervention. Myelomeningocele remains a devastating congenital anomaly. Fetal and experimental studies suggested that patients with myelomeningocele could benefit from prenatal intervention. Advances in technology and perinatal management have made intervention for more complex malformations such as myelomeningocele possible. This article will review current knowledge and will detail rational management for the management of prenatal hydronephrosis. The current state of antenatal myelomeningocele repair and the urologic implications will be described as well.

Hubert S. Swana

2004-02-01

339

Prenatal intervention for urinary obstruction and myelomeningocele  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Widespread use of ultrasonography has resulted in an increase in the recognition of fetal hydronephrosis. The enthusiasm that accompanied early interventions has been tempered by the experience and results obtained over the past 2 decades. The goal has remained the same: to identify patients with se [...] rious prenatal obstruction and to identify those which may benefit from intervention. Myelomeningocele remains a devastating congenital anomaly. Fetal and experimental studies suggested that patients with myelomeningocele could benefit from prenatal intervention. Advances in technology and perinatal management have made intervention for more complex malformations such as myelomeningocele possible. This article will review current knowledge and will detail rational management for the management of prenatal hydronephrosis. The current state of antenatal myelomeningocele repair and the urologic implications will be described as well.

Hubert S., Swana; Ronald S., Sutherland; Laurence, Baskin.

340

Prenatal intervention for urinary obstruction and myelomeningocele.  

Science.gov (United States)

Widespread use of ultrasonography has resulted in an increase in the recognition of fetal hydronephrosis. The enthusiasm that accompanied early interventions has been tempered by the experience and results obtained over the past 2 decades. The goal has remained the same: to identify patients with serious prenatal obstruction and to identify those which may benefit from intervention. Myelomeningocele remains a devastating congenital anomaly. Fetal and experimental studies suggested that patients with myelomeningocele could benefit from prenatal intervention. Advances in technology and perinatal management have made intervention for more complex malformations such as myelomeningocele possible. This article will review current knowledge and will detail rational management for the management of prenatal hydronephrosis. The current state of antenatal myelomeningocele repair and the urologic implications will be described as well. PMID:15707516

Swana, Hubert S; Sutherland, Ronald S; Baskin, Laurence

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Control prenatal vs resultado obstétrico perinatal / Prenatal care vs obstetric outcome perinatal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La cobertura del control prenatal, calidad, y atención del parto se refleja en la resolución obstétrica como en la morbi-mortalidad del binomio madre-hijo. Esta investigación aborda el problema del impacto de los controles prenatales sobre el resultado obstétrico y perinatal. Objetivo: conocer el im [...] pacto del control prenatal sobre los resultados obstétricos obtenidos. Material y método: mediante un estudio de cohortes reconstruidas en una población obtenida azarosamente por conglomerados diarios en el transcurso del mes de junio (2010), se obtuvieron 419 puérperas. El material de investigación fue el binomio madre-hijo. Algunas variables estudiadas fueron: edad, control prenatal, número de consultas, peso, talla, tensión arterial, medición fondo uterino, forma de término del embarazo, peso del producto, sexo, apgar, destino del producto, complicaciones maternas, etc. Se utilizo en el programa estadístico Riesgo® y Primer® obteniéndose el RR, RR con intervalo de confianza al 95%. Resultados. Se analizaron 395 productos mayores de 20 semanas y 35 menores, de los productos mayores de 20 semanas (f=355) tuvieron sus madres control prenatal (89.87%) y 40 no lo tuvieron (10.13%), las distocias fueron más frecuentes en las madres con control prenatal, X²=7.73 RR=1.45 IC95% 1.11-1.90, las complicaciones maternas tuvieron proporciones similares en madres con y sin control prenatal X² = 0.0091RR=0.96, diferencia de proporciones p=0.899, la enfermedad hipertensiva del embarazo fue la complicación mas frecuente (74.6% de ellas) sin haber diferencia entre las madres que tuvieron o no control prenatal X² =0.0010. Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos señalan que en este grupo estudiado, en particular, la presencia del control prenatal no representó un factor que ayude a una resolución obstétrica y perinatal favorable, excepto en la prevención de la macrosomía. Abstract in english The coverage of prenatal care, quality and delivery care is reflected in the resolution as obstetric morbidity andmortality of mother and child. This research addresses the issue of the impact of prenatal care on the obstetric and perinatal outcome. Objective: To determine the impact of prenatal car [...] e on obstetric out comes achieved. Material and method: using a reconstructed cohort study in a population cluster randomly obtained daily duringthe month of June (2010), 419 were women in labour. The research material was the mother-child. Some ofthe studied variables were age, prenatal care, number of visits, weight, height, blood pressure, fundalmeasurement, method of pregnancy termination, product weight, sex, apgar, destination of the product, maternal complications, etc. It was used in the statistical program Primer® Risk® obtaining the RR, RR with aconfidence interval of 95%. Results: 395 products were analysed over 20 weeks and 35 children, of the goods over 20 weeks (f = 355) mothers had prenatal care (89.87%) and 40 did not have it (10.13%), dystocia were more common in mothers with prenatal care, X² = 7.73 RR = 1.45 95% CI 1.11-1.90, maternal complications were similar proportions in mothers with and without prenatal X² = 0.0091 RR = 0.96, difference in proportions p = 0.899, hypertensive disease of pregnancy was the most frequent complication (74.6% of them) without difference between themothers had no prenatal care or X² = 0.0010. Conclusion: Our results indicate that in this particular group studied, the presence of prenatal care is not afactor that helps an obstetric resolution and favourable perinatal, except for the macrosomia prevention.

R.M., Rico Venegas; V.M., Ramos Frausto; P.C., Martínez.

2012-07-01

342

Control prenatal vs resultado obstétrico perinatal / Prenatal care vs obstetric outcome perinatal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La cobertura del control prenatal, calidad, y atención del parto se refleja en la resolución obstétrica como en la morbi-mortalidad del binomio madre-hijo. Esta investigación aborda el problema del impacto de los controles prenatales sobre el resultado obstétrico y perinatal. Objetivo: conocer el im [...] pacto del control prenatal sobre los resultados obstétricos obtenidos. Material y método: mediante un estudio de cohortes reconstruidas en una población obtenida azarosamente por conglomerados diarios en el transcurso del mes de junio (2010), se obtuvieron 419 puérperas. El material de investigación fue el binomio madre-hijo. Algunas variables estudiadas fueron: edad, control prenatal, número de consultas, peso, talla, tensión arterial, medición fondo uterino, forma de término del embarazo, peso del producto, sexo, apgar, destino del producto, complicaciones maternas, etc. Se utilizo en el programa estadístico Riesgo® y Primer® obteniéndose el RR, RR con intervalo de confianza al 95%. Resultados. Se analizaron 395 productos mayores de 20 semanas y 35 menores, de los productos mayores de 20 semanas (f=355) tuvieron sus madres control prenatal (89.87%) y 40 no lo tuvieron (10.13%), las distocias fueron más frecuentes en las madres con control prenatal, X²=7.73 RR=1.45 IC95% 1.11-1.90, las complicaciones maternas tuvieron proporciones similares en madres con y sin control prenatal X² = 0.0091RR=0.96, diferencia de proporciones p=0.899, la enfermedad hipertensiva del embarazo fue la complicación mas frecuente (74.6% de ellas) sin haber diferencia entre las madres que tuvieron o no control prenatal X² =0.0010. Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos señalan que en este grupo estudiado, en particular, la presencia del control prenatal no representó un factor que ayude a una resolución obstétrica y perinatal favorable, excepto en la prevención de la macrosomía. Abstract in english The coverage of prenatal care, quality and delivery care is reflected in the resolution as obstetric morbidity andmortality of mother and child. This research addresses the issue of the impact of prenatal care on the obstetric and perinatal outcome. Objective: To determine the impact of prenatal car [...] e on obstetric out comes achieved. Material and method: using a reconstructed cohort study in a population cluster randomly obtained daily duringthe month of June (2010), 419 were women in labour. The research material was the mother-child. Some ofthe studied variables were age, prenatal care, number of visits, weight, height, blood pressure, fundalmeasurement, method of pregnancy termination, product weight, sex, apgar, destination of the product, maternal complications, etc. It was used in the statistical program Primer® Risk® obtaining the RR, RR with aconfidence interval of 95%. Results: 395 products were analysed over 20 weeks and 35 children, of the goods over 20 weeks (f = 355) mothers had prenatal care (89.87%) and 40 did not have it (10.13%), dystocia were more common in mothers with prenatal care, X² = 7.73 RR = 1.45 95% CI 1.11-1.90, maternal complications were similar proportions in mothers with and without prenatal X² = 0.0091 RR = 0.96, difference in proportions p = 0.899, hypertensive disease of pregnancy was the most frequent complication (74.6% of them) without difference between themothers had no prenatal care or X² = 0.0010. Conclusion: Our results indicate that in this particular group studied, the presence of prenatal care is not afactor that helps an obstetric resolution and favourable perinatal, except for the macrosomia prevention.

R.M., Rico Venegas; V.M., Ramos Frausto; P.C., Martínez.

343

Consulta prenatal: motivos de inasistencia, ¿se justifica?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Conocer qué factores personales (epidemiológicos, socioeconómicos, institucionales y médicos están relacionados con la inasistencia a la consulta prenatal. Ambiente: Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Hospital "Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara", Puerto Cabello, Estado Carabobo. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo epidemiológico, analítico de corte transversal, basado en una entrevista-encuesta, en 1000 pacientes que en el embarazo actual o pasado no se controlaron durante el año 2008. Resultados: En factores epidemiológicos, predominó residencia en barrios (57,2 %, educación secundaria (59,7%, estado civil soltera (48,1 % y la edad entre 20-29 años (40,4 %. Con los factores sociales, dominó el domicilio lejano (52,3 %, en los económicos, el desempleo (27,3 % y en la educación prenatal, el desconocimiento de la importancia del control (48,8 %. En los factores institucionales fue determinante el ambiente inadecuado de la consulta (39,2 % y la ubicación lejana del centro de salud (19,3 %. En factores de atención médica refirieron, consulta de baja calidad (29,8 %, seguida de la opinión de pocas horas de consulta (23,2 %. Conclusión: La falta a la consulta prenatal está relacionada con múltiples factores, esto conlleva a la instauración de actividades educativas, incluye desarrollar acciones efectivas para elevar la calidad de vida, rescate de programas preventivos de salud, además de reparación y dotación de las instalaciones de salud; sin olvidar mejoras del acto médico.Objective: To know what personal (epidemiological, socioeconomic, institutional and medical factors are related to non attendance to prenatal care. Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital "Dr. Adolfo Prince Lara", Puerto Cabello, Estado Carabobo. Methods: Descriptive, epidemiological, analytical, transversal study, based in a interview-survey, in 1000 patients with no prenatal care in the actual or previous pregnancy during 2008. Results: In epidemiological factors, prevailed suburb residency (57.2 %, high school education (59.7%, marital status single (48.1 %, and age between 20-29 years (40.4 %. In social factors, predominated distant residence (52.3 %, in the economical, unemployment (27.3 % and in prenatal education, ignorance of the importance of the prenatal care (48.8 %. In the institutional factors was determinant unappropriated environment (39.2 % and distant location of the health center (19.3 %. In the medical attention factors, reported low quality of the consultation (29.8 %, followed by few hours of attendance (23.2 %. Conclusion: The lack of prenatal care is related to multiple factors, that suggest the instauration of educative activities to elevate the life quality, rescue of the health preventive programs, and repairing and equip of health infrastructure; without forget the improvement of the medical act.

Pedro Faneite A

2009-09-01

344

Prenatal diagnosis of fetal ovarian hyperstimulation.  

Science.gov (United States)

A case of prenatal diagnosis of fetal ovarian hyperstimulation in a pregnancy of 35 weeks is reported. Two large cystic septate ovaries with no internal vegetations were observed in the fetal abdomen. The fetus was macrosomic and the remaining morphology was normal. Polyhydramnios and placental thickening were present, with no other macro- or microscopic alterations. The only significant maternal change detected was elevation of blood beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) levels. Evaluation of the newborn confirmed the prenatal diagnosis, with progressive and spontaneous regression of fetal ovarian volume and of maternal serum beta-hCG occurring after delivery. PMID:11309180

Berezowski, A T; machado, J C; Mendes, M C; Moura, M D; Duarte, G; Cunha, S P

2001-03-01

345

Prenatal Care Utilization Rate and Patients Satisfaction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background & Objective: Studies show, clients' satisfaction is an important indicator for service quality assessment. Finding causes of dissatisfaction helps to promote health care services quality.  High quality prenatal care services and clients' satisfaction decreases maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. The perceived quality of the prenatal care by the mothers can not be effectively evaluated unless considering the opinions, demands and satisfaction rate of mothers who receive the care. The objective of this study is to measure prenatal care utilization rate and patients satisfaction in the clinics of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2005.Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, 380 pregnant women who had received prenatal care services in two hospitals and eight health centers were selected randomly and interviewed. Data were gathered using a questionnaire including demographic characteristics and satisfaction questions. Data were analyzed using SPSS and tested with chi-square and Pearson exact test.Results: According to the results, 53.4 % and 14.8% of the pregnant women had received complete and incomplete prenatal care, respectively. Most of the pregnant women (54.7% were completely satisfied, 23.7% and 21.6% were moderately and poorly satisfied, respectively. There was a significant relationship between the utilization rate and satisfaction of mothers (P<0.001. 53.4% of mothers in health centers and 46% in hospitals had received complete prenatal care. Satisfaction with prenatal care in health centers and hospitals were 57.5% and 47%, respectively. This difference was probably related to the amount of emotional and physical care received by the patients in the different settings and the characteristics of the centers in which these services are provided. The kind of setting had significant relationship with the utilization and satisfaction rates (P=0.003, P=0.005, respectively. The results showed that the utilization and satisfaction rates in the health centers in which health-care providers were midwives were better than the hospitals in which health-care providers were medical and midwifery students. But in both settings it was lower than 60%.Conclusion: As a result, the utilization rate and satisfaction of mothers were inadequate in health centers and hospitals (lower than 70%. In the hospitals, they were lower than the health centers. The standardization of prenatal care and improvement of educational programs in hospitals should be considered.

Mirmolaei ST

2007-11-01

346

The human brain. Prenatal development and structure  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book is unique among the current literature in that it systematically documents the prenatal structural development of the human brain. It is based on lifelong study using essentially a single staining procedure, the classic rapid Golgi procedure, which ensures an unusual and desirable uniformity in the observations. The book is amply illustrated with 81 large, high-quality color photomicrographs never previously reproduced. These photomicrographs, obtained at 6, 7, 11, 15, 18, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40 weeks of gestation, offer a fascinating insight into the sequential prenatal development of neurons, blood vessels, and glia in the human brain. (orig.)

Marin-Padilla, Miguel

2011-07-01

347

Fathers on Leave Alone: Does It Make a Difference to Their Lives?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Over the last two decades there has been a continuing enhancement of fathers’ leave entitlements. Depending on eligibility criteria and type of leave, fathers may be on leave at the same time as the mother or alone. Despite these developments, little is known about men on leave in a “home alone” manner. The experiences of fathers were explored through a qualitative study using a purposive sample of fourteen Portuguese fathers who took leave alone for one month. Lived experiences are div...

Wall, Karin

2014-01-01

348

Fatherhood and children with complex healthcare needs: qualitative study of fathering, caring and parenting  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Fathers are increasingly providing substantial amounts of technical and nursing care to growing numbers of children with complex healthcare needs. This exploratory study reports some of the first in-depth evidence of fathers' experiences and presents a research agenda in this critically under-researched area. Methods We conducted in-depth qualitative interviews with 8 fathers who provided a substantial amount of complex technical and nursing care for their child at home. The aim was to describe their experiences of fathering, parenting and caring. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and analysed using Burnard's approach, which has commonalities with phenomenological and content analysis. Results and Discussion Fathers enjoyed their caring role and found it rewarding and at times stressful. They instituted structured regimes, which focused on the father/child/family. Performing intimate care posed specific challenges for which there is no guidance. Children's community nursing was highly valued. Fathers generally rejected the need for specific father-focussed services, as such provision would induce guilt feelings. Fathers reported positive relationships with their children and partners. Conclusions Key areas for future exploration include gaining a better understanding of fathers' motivations and styles of caring, developing interventions to support fathers' caring role, developing guidance on intimate care, and delivering tailored services to fathers in a family context. There is little understanding of fathering and caring by non-resident, teenage and step-fathers. Finally, knowing more about resilience and coping of fathers in strong relationships with partners and children may help inform interventions to support fathers who do not feel able to stay with their family.

Noyes Jane

2011-04-01

349

Coercive and Prosocial Fathering, Antisocial Personality, and Growth in Children's Post-Divorce Noncompliance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study employed multiple methods including direct observation of fathering behaviors and child noncompliance to better address our understanding of the quantity and quality of divorced father contact. A weighted county sample of 230 divorced-father families with a focal child aged 4 to 11 years was employed to test whether fathers' antisocial personality (ASP) moderated effects of monthly contact with children in predicting children's observed noncompliance over 18 months. Latent growth mo...

Degarmo, David S.

2010-01-01

350

Premisas éticas en el diagnóstico prenatal de defectos congénitos en Cuba / Ethical premises in the prenatal diagnosis of congenital defects in Cuba  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito de este trabajo es presentar una propuesta de premisas éticas para la práctica del diagnóstico prenatal de defectos congénitos. Se realizó un estudio sistemático, profundo y crítico sobre el tema y sobre los resultados de investigaciones realizadas en población cubana y los derivados de [...] talleres realizados con la participación de especialistas de la Red Nacional de Genética Médica; para su elaboración se tuvieron en cuenta los principios éticos más universalmente aceptados y recomendados por la OMS y otros organismos internacionales, así como las resoluciones y leyes cubanas relacionadas con este tema. Se presentan normativas generales, sobre el diagnóstico prenatal y el aborto selectivo, el asesoramiento genético y el revelado de información; esta propuesta se complementa con otras normativas propias de la investigación científica y relacionadas con el consentimiento informado, las investigaciones que involucran pacientes, aspectos de la ética profesional y de las publicaciones científicas. Estas normativas en su conjunto conforman las premisas éticas que garantizan el respeto a los derechos y a la dignidad de las personas que son atendidas en los servicios de asesoramiento genético y diagnóstico prenatal y formarán parte de un manual para la provisión de servicios en la red de genética médica de Cuba. Abstract in english The objective of this paper was to submit a proposal of ethical premises for prenatal diagnosis of congenital defects. An in-depth systematic and critical study was conducted on the topic and on the results of research works carried out with the Cuban population and those of workshops where the Nati [...] onal Network of Medical Genetics experts participated. For their preparation, the universally accepted ethical principles that are recommended by WHO and other international bodies, as well as the Cuban resolutions and laws in this regard were all taken into account. Some general standards on prenatal diagnosis and selective abortion and on the approach to genetic counseling and the disclosure of information were presented. This proposal was supplemented with other standards inherent to the scientific research, since during prenatal diagnosis practice, some research works can emerge, the results of which may be published, that is, informed consent, research involving patients, ethical aspects of scientific publications and professional ethics elements. These standards are the ethical premises that guarantee the respect to the rights and to the dignity of those persons who are served by the genetic counselling and prenatal diagnosis services, and will be part of a manual for the provision of services in the medical genetic network of Cuba.

Iris Andrea, Rojas Betancourt; Arianne, Llamos Paneque; Beatriz, Marcheco Teruel.

2013-12-01

351

Premisas éticas en el diagnóstico prenatal de defectos congénitos en Cuba / Ethical premises in the prenatal diagnosis of congenital defects in Cuba  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito de este trabajo es presentar una propuesta de premisas éticas para la práctica del diagnóstico prenatal de defectos congénitos. Se realizó un estudio sistemático, profundo y crítico sobre el tema y sobre los resultados de investigaciones realizadas en población cubana y los derivados de [...] talleres realizados con la participación de especialistas de la Red Nacional de Genética Médica; para su elaboración se tuvieron en cuenta los principios éticos más universalmente aceptados y recomendados por la OMS y otros organismos internacionales, así como las resoluciones y leyes cubanas relacionadas con este tema. Se presentan normativas generales, sobre el diagnóstico prenatal y el aborto selectivo, el asesoramiento genético y el revelado de información; esta propuesta se complementa con otras normativas propias de la investigación científica y relacionadas con el consentimiento informado, las investigaciones que involucran pacientes, aspectos de la ética profesional y de las publicaciones científicas. Estas normativas en su conjunto conforman las premisas éticas que garantizan el respeto a los derechos y a la dignidad de las personas que son atendidas en los servicios de asesoramiento genético y diagnóstico prenatal y formarán parte de un manual para la provisión de servicios en la red de genética médica de Cuba. Abstract in english The objective of this paper was to submit a proposal of ethical premises for prenatal diagnosis of congenital defects. An in-depth systematic and critical study was conducted on the topic and on the results of research works carried out with the Cuban population and those of workshops where the Nati [...] onal Network of Medical Genetics experts participated. For their preparation, the universally accepted ethical principles that are recommended by WHO and other international bodies, as well as the Cuban resolutions and laws in this regard were all taken into account. Some general standards on prenatal diagnosis and selective abortion and on the approach to genetic counseling and the disclosure of information were presented. This proposal was supplemented with other standards inherent to the scientific research, since during prenatal diagnosis practice, some research works can emerge, the results of which may be published, that is, informed consent, research involving patients, ethical aspects of scientific publications and professional ethics elements. These standards are the ethical premises that guarantee the respect to the rights and to the dignity of those persons who are served by the genetic counselling and prenatal diagnosis services, and will be part of a manual for the provision of services in the medical genetic network of Cuba.

Iris Andrea, Rojas Betancourt; Arianne, Llamos Paneque; Beatriz, Marcheco Teruel.

2013-12-01

352

Father-Absence and Boys' School Performance in Barbados  

Science.gov (United States)

In a study in rural Barbados that controls for race, social class, and cultural attitudes toward birth status, test and school data do not support the "classic" prediction of a direct, negative relationship between father-absence and boys' school performance. In this community, paternal absence during the first 2 years of life seems beneficial to…

Herzog, J. D.

1974-01-01

353

Father Custody and Social Development in Boys and Girls.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children living with the opposite sex parent seem to be less well adjusted than children living with the same sex parent. However, in both father custody and mother custody families, authoritative parenting by the custodial parent is positively linked with the child's competent social behavior. (Author/GC)

Santrock, John W.; Warshak, Richard A.

1979-01-01

354

[Idealization of the father: a necessary consequence in divorce families?].  

Science.gov (United States)

In a sample on 243 adolescents, it was investigated whether idealization is a necessary consequence for adolescents experiencing parental divorce. Earlier studies emphasized the negative effects of parental divorce on the development of children and adolescents. Due to historic changes in family structure, however, parental divorce has to be conceptualized in more positive terms. In the study presented, idealization of the non-custodial father was only found in a clinical subsample of adolescents, whereas the father-adolescent relationship in non-clinical adolescents from divorced families did not differ significantly from the quality of relationship described by non-clinical adolescents living in two-parent families. The function of idealization in coping with negative affects such as aggression and affliction is discussed, in particular for those adolescents in the clinical sample who rarely have contact with their non-custodial fathers, and the contributions of fathers to hold up this idealization outlined. Idealistic conceptions in adolescents of divorced parents are especially problematic, since adolescents are expected to become disengaged of their parents and develop a mature and realistic perception of them. PMID:9273535

Seiffge-Krenke, I; Tauber, M

1997-01-01

355

The Relationship between Father Residency and a Child's ADHD Symptoms  

Science.gov (United States)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a commonly diagnosed neuropsychological disorder among school-aged children. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between father residency status and children's symptoms of ADHD using a large, nationally representative and community-based sample. To achieve this…

Sulak, Tracey N.; Barnard-Brak, Lucy; Frederick, Karen

2012-01-01

356

FROM THE HISTORY OF PHYSICS My father and my family  

Science.gov (United States)

In what proved to be his last paper, Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg gives some autobiographical information about his family tree, relatives, ancestors, and descendents and where the name Ginzburg comes from. A major part of V L Ginzburg's memoir is about his father — making up for what he considered to be a 'somewhat neglected' filial duty.

Ginzburg, Vitaly L.

2011-02-01

357

Fathers and Young Children's Literacy Experiences in a Family Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

Research provides evidence that fathers can promote the development of their children's literacy skills, including reading books to them that are appropriate, engaging their children in discussions about books they read, recording in a notebook the books the children have read and encouraging their children to read more books. This review presents…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2007-01-01

358

Neighborhood Contexts, Fathers, and Mexican American Young Adolescents' Internalizing Symptoms  

Science.gov (United States)

The family stress model posits that contextual stressors, such as neighborhood danger, negatively influence youth adjustment, including internalizing symptoms, via disruptions in parenting and family processes. The current study examined a culturally and contextually modified family stress model in a diverse sample of Mexican-origin fathers and…

White, Rebecca M. B.; Roosa, Mark W.

2012-01-01

359

A Group Psychoeducational and Support Program for Single Custodial Fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

A program of group psychoeducation and support for single custodial fathers (SCFs) is proposed. Their population in the U.S. grew over 400% between 1970-2000 to over 2 million. The proposed program is unique with special emphasis on SCFs, featuring psychoeducational, supportive and affective components. Areas covered include: special challenges…

Hall, Stephen A.; McConnell, Stephen C.

360

Preparing Teenage Fathers for Parenthood: A Group Psychoeducational Approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes a psychoeducational course which uses three modules to prepare teenage fathers for parenthood. The course modules help young men clarify their ideas of masculinity, learn more about child development, and work toward responsible sexual behavior. Recommends several ways to incorporate fatherhood training into other services.…

Kiselica, Mark S.; And Others

1994-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Positive Experiences of Mothers and Fathers of Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The present study examined the positive experiences of parents raising school-aged children with autism within the context of parenting stress. Materials and Methods: Participants included 23 mother/father pairs raising children with autism (ages 5 to 11 years, M = 7.39). Parents completed measures of parenting stress and positive…

Kayfitz, Adam D.; Gragg, Marcia N.; Orr, R. Robert

2010-01-01

362

Fathers' Rights Groups, Domestic Violence and Political Countermobilization  

Science.gov (United States)

Domestic violence continues to be a serious problem for women in the United States. As a result, the battered women's movement has been tireless in campaigning for greater awareness of the issue, tougher penalties against offenders, and public vigilance against potential batterers, including fathers from dissolving families. In reaction to this…

Crowley, Jocelyn Elise

2009-01-01

363

¿Cómo se llamaba el padre? // What is the father`s name?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Está a punto de estrenarse en cine, o quizás ya se estrenó en otras latitudes, la versión cinematográfica del último libro de Cormack McCarthy: La carretera. Galardonado con el Pulitzer por este último libro y conocido entre los lectores casuales gracias a su anterior novela: No country for old men, llevada al cine de forma impecable por los hermanos Cohen, McCarthy sorprende dejando ver que a lo largo de su obra, en particular en La carretera, aparece una pregunta por el padre. Tema que de continuo tratan los psicoanalistas, desafortunadamente no con la belleza con que lo hace el poeta. La obra de McCarthy es otro de los tantos ejemplos en los que la literatura enseña al psicoanálisis. // The premiere is ready or maybe it was showed in other latitudes the Cormack Mccarthy movie version of his last book: The Road. This last book won the Pulitzer Prize, also known among the casual readers for his previous novel: No country for old men, impeccable movie version by Cohen brothers. Along his work McCarthy surprise allowing to see, especially in The Road, a question for the father. Subject usually worked by the psychoanalysts, unfortunately, not with the same beauty that the poet does it. McCarthy’s work is other among many examples where the literature teaches to psychoanalysis.

Alexander Cruz Aponasenko

2010-12-01

364

Association of non-invasive prenatal testing and chromosomal microarray analysis for prenatal diagnostics.  

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The purposes of this study is to examine possibility to use combination of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for prenatal diagnostics and their advantages between combined first-trimester screen with confirmation by karyotyping of CVS or amniocytes. A total of 1968 pregnant women, in this study, have undergone prenatal screening and/or diagnostic tests. NIPT is more suitable and efficient for the detection of aneuploidy. However, this test has limitations for detection deletions/duplications. Use of CMA for confirmation of some NIPT findings or as first test for women with ultrasound abnormalities can detect small imbalances in chromosomes. Combination of NIPT and CMA allows a higher prenatal detection of chromosomal abnormalities. PMID:25200820

Korostelev, S; Totchiev, G; Kanivets, I; Gnetetskaya, V

2014-10-01

365

Coercive and Prosocial Fathering, Antisocial Personality, and Growth in Children's Postdivorce Noncompliance  

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To better understand quantity and quality of divorced father contact, a weighted county sample of 230 divorced fathers with a child aged 4-11 years was employed to test whether fathers' antisocial personality (ASP) moderated effects of monthly contact with children in predicting children's observed noncompliance. Eighteen-month latent growth…

DeGarmo, David Scott

2010-01-01

366

Fathers' Early Emotion Talk: Associations with Income, Ethnicity, and Family Factors  

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Contextual, mother-, child-, and father-level variables were examined in association with fathers' emotion talk to infants during a shared picture book activity, in an ethnically diverse, low-income sample (N = 549). Significant main effects included the rate of emotion talk from fathers' romantic partners (i.e., the infant's mother), infant…

Garrett-Peters, Patricia; Mills-Koonce, Roger; Zerwas, Stephanie; Cox, Martha; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne

2011-01-01

367

Preventing Violence against Women: Engaging the Fathers of Today and Tomorrow  

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Although fathers play a key role in helping their children develop ideas about gender relations and close relationships, they have been largely overlooked as a resource to help prevent violence against women. This paper explores some of the reasons why fathers have not been successfully engaged in violence prevention. Engaging fathers to promote…

Crooks, Claire V.; Goodall, George R.; Baker, Linda L.; Hughes, Ray

2006-01-01

368

A Culturally Responsive Literacy Program for Hispanic Fathers and Their Children  

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This study examined a language and cultural literacy program for Hispanic fathers to promote their children's literacy development. This study had two phases: (a) training the teachers and (b) educating the fathers. The results indicated that the fathers learned how to promote their Hispanic children's literacy development using their family's…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2010-01-01

369

Community Attitudes toward Birth Fathers Motives for Adoption Placement and Single Parenting  

Science.gov (United States)

Community attitudes toward birth fathers were examined using 82 exploratory qualitative interviews and 706 survey respondents in Canada. Community attitudes were more positive toward birth fathers raising their children over adoption, when birth mothers were unable or unwilling to parent the child. Overall, respondents considered birth fathers

Miall, Charlene E.; March, Karen

2005-01-01

370

Intergenerational Transmission of Attachment in Father-Child Dyads: The Case of Single Parenthood  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers have repeatedly found that intergenerational transmission of attachment is more robust in mother-child dyads than it is in father-child dyads. They have proposed several explanations for the inconsistent father-child findings, including the use of the strange situation procedure, the young age of the children, and the fact that fathers

Bernier, Annie; Miljkovitch, Raphaele

2009-01-01

371

38 CFR 10.34 - Proof of age of dependent mother or father.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Proof of age of dependent mother or father. 10.34 Section 10.34 Pensions...General § 10.34 Proof of age of dependent mother or father. The mother or father of a veteran to be entitled to the...

2010-07-01

372

Paternal Work Stress and Latent Profiles of Father-Infant Parenting Quality  

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The current study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to examine the implications of fathers' experiences of work stress for paternal behaviors with infants across multiple dimensions of parenting in a sample of fathers living in nonmetropolitan communities (N = 492). LPA revealed five classes of fathers based on levels of social-affective…

Goodman, W. Benjamin; Crouter, Ann C.; Lanza, Stephanie T.; Cox, Martha J.; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne

2011-01-01

373

Young Women's Phenomenological Sense of Father and Parental Marital Relationship and Their Relation to Paternal Loss.  

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The meaning fathers have in the lives of women as they are growing up was investigated. Women's perceptions of their fathers on several factors were measured to determine how these perceptions differed with father loss, cause and time of loss, perception of parental marital relationships, and presence of an older brother. Questionnaires were…

Darlington, Susan

374

Father-Child Contact after Separation: The Influence of Living Arrangements  

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Following divorce or separation, father-child contact is deemed an important influence on child development. Previous research has explored the impact of sociodemographic and attitudinal factors on the amount of contact between fathers and their children following a union dissolution. This article revisits this important question using fathers'…

Swiss, Liam; Le Bourdais, Celine

2009-01-01

375

Father Presence and Educational Attainment: Dad as a Catalyst for High School Graduations  

Science.gov (United States)

The role of the on-going social father in America has received increased attention in the last quarter century. In some quarters, the U.S. father has been viewed as supernumerary or optional. In other quarters, the U.S. father has been perceived to be essential to the optimum development of his children. Still other factions have been intermediate…

Mackey, Bonnie; Mackey, Wade C.

2012-01-01

376

Mothers' and Fathers' Parenting Styles and Associations with Toddlers' Externalizing, Internalizing, and Adaptive Behaviors  

Science.gov (United States)

The two primary objectives of the present study were to (a) investigate mothers' and fathers' reports of their own as well as their partner's parenting styles, and (b) assess how mothers' and fathers' parenting styles uniquely and jointly predicted toddlers' externalizing, internalizing, and adaptive behaviors. Fifty-nine mothers and fathers

Rinaldi, Christina M.; Howe, Nina

2012-01-01

377

A Waitlist-Controlled Trial of Behavioral Parent Training for Fathers of Children with ADHD  

Science.gov (United States)

Fathers, in general, have been underrepresented in studies of parent training outcome for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and the present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of a behavioral parent training program developed expressly for fathers. The present investigation randomly assigned 55 fathers of children…

Fabiano, Gregory A.; Pelham, William E.; Cunningham, Charles E.; Yu, Jihnhee; Gangloff, Brian; Buck, Melina; Linke, Stuart; Gormley, Matthew; Gera, Shradha

2012-01-01

378

Perceived Fatherhood Roles and Parenting Behaviors among African American Teen Fathers  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the growing body of research on the topic of adolescent parenthood, few studies have examined the perceptions and lived experiences of African American teen fathers. The primary aim of this study was to examine how this group defines and performs the father role. In-depth interviews were conducted with 30 African American fathers aged 14…

Paschal, Angelia M.; Lewis-Moss, Rhonda K.; Hsiao, Tracy

2011-01-01

379

Parental involvement after separation/divorce / O envolvimento parental após a separação/divórcio  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Based on the ecological-contextual model and on the concept of parental involvement, this article proposes to discuss the parental practices of separated/divorced fathers and mothers towards their children. In order to do so, 234 subjects (117 fathers/117 mothers with children at school were interviewed via the Parental Practices Inventory. Such instrument evaluated the parental involvement in 5 areas: affective involvement, didactic involvement, social involvement, disciplinary involvement and, responsibility. The results showed greater maternal involvement with children after the divorce: direct (care, interaction and indirect (monitoring, preoccupation. The cohabitation with the mother revealed itself as a significant variable associated to her greater involvement with activities in the private/domestic environment while fathers had greater involvement in the public/social space. Contextual characteristics (cohabitation, frequency of visits and characteristics of the parents (occupation, education, affective and conjugal issues showed to be strongly associated with the parental involvement after divorce.

Luciana Suárez Grzybowski

2010-01-01

380

Socio-demographic determinants and access to prenatal care in Italy  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Many governments have made commitments to examine inequalities in healthcare access based on studies assessing the association between several socio-demographic factors and late initiation or fewer prenatal examinations. This study addressed the question of whether socio-demographic determinants were significant in explaining differences in prenatal care in one administrative region of Italy, Umbria. Methods Data were obtained from the administrative source of the regional Standard Certificate of Live Births between 2005 and 2010, and were merged with Census data to include a socio-economic deprivation index. Standard and multilevel logistic regression models were used to analyze the magnitude of various individual-level maternal characteristics and socio-demographic indicators, such as nationality, employment status, education with respect to late access to the first examination, and low number of medical visits. Results The study involved approximately 37,000 women. The heterogeneous effects of socio-demographic variables were documented on the prenatal care indicators analyzed. A multivariate model showed that women born outside Italy had a higher probability of making their first visit later than the 12th week of pregnancy and low numbers of prenatal medical visits; the estimated odds ratio for the analyzed indicators range from 2.25 to 3.05. Inadequate prenatal healthcare use was also observed in younger and pluriparous women and those with low education; in addition, having a job improved the use of services, possibly through transmission of information of negative consequences due to delayed or few prenatal visits. Interestingly, this study found a substantial reduction in the number of pregnant women who do not use prenatal healthcare services properly. Conclusions The aim of this research is to provide more accurate knowledge about the inadequate use of prenatal healthcare in Italy. Results highlight the existence of differences in healthcare use during pregnancy, especially for women from less advantaged social classes (i.e., unemployed or poorly educated). Such inequalities should be examined in all areas of public policy and public services, to ensure equal opportunity for their use. PMID:24735757

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Parenting across Racial and Class Lines: Assortative Mating Patterns of New Parents Who Are Married, Cohabiting, Dating or No Longer Romantically Involved  

Science.gov (United States)

We examine the assortative mating patterns of new parents who are married, cohabiting, romantically involved and no longer romantically involved. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing study, we find that relationship status at the time of a birth depends mainly on father's race rather than on whether mother and father's…

Goldstein, Joshua R.; Harknett, Kristen

2006-01-01

382

Academic Success of Mexican Origin Adolescent Boys and Girls: The Role of Mothers' and Fathers' Parenting and Cultural Orientation.  

Science.gov (United States)

To understand the role that Mexican origin parents play in their children's academic success, this study used structural equation modeling to evaluate the associations of parents' parenting practices (warmth, monitoring, harshness, and academic involvement) and cultural orientations (enculturation and acculturation) with their adolescents' grades, classroom behavior, and association with peers who get into trouble at school. Data were obtained from teachers, mothers, fathers, and male and female adolescents in 560 Mexican origin families living in the southwest U.S. Results indicated that mothers' and fathers' parenting practices and cultural orientations were linked to adolescents' academic outcomes. However, there were differences for boys and girls. Results are discussed in relation to parent and adolescent gender roles and implications for intervention. PMID:21731172

Dumka, Larry E; Gonzales, Nancy A; Bonds, Darya; Millsap, Roger E

2009-04-01

383

Antecedentes y actualidades en el diagnóstico prenatal History and latest advances of the prenatal diagnosis  

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Full Text Available Se realiza una revisión del desarrollo y evolución del diagnóstico prenatal a partir de la información obtenida en las bases de datos MEDLINE, LILACS y la de Literatura Cubana de Medicina, de los años 1988 a 1994, localizadas en los órganos de información del Sistema Nacional de Información de Ciencias Médicas. Se ofrece la importancia del diagnóstico prenatal, así como los aspectos a tener en cuenta en su aplicación. Se concluye que la decisión de poner en práctica una u otra técnica de diagnóstico prenatal en la madre depende de los resultados de las exploraciones realizadas y de las enfermedades que van a ser investigadas, considerando los riesgos y beneficios que éste implica.It is made a review of the development and evolution of the prenatal diagnosis based on the information obtained from the MEDLINE, LILACS and Cuban Medical Literature databases, from 1988 to 1994,located at the information organs from the National Medical Sciences Information System. It is explained the importance of the prenatal diagnosis as well as the aspects that should be taken into account for its application. It is concluded that the decision to put into practice one or another prenatal diagnosis technique on the mother depends on the results of the screening carried out and on the diseases to be investigated, considering its risks and benefits.

Ana Gloria Díaz Martínez

1997-06-01

384

Ultrasound demonstration of prenatal renal vein thrombosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This case report illustrates the sonographic appearance of such calcifications which to our knowledge have not been described. We observed abnormalities on a prenatal ultrasound at 37 weeks of gestation and calcifications within the kidney on ultrasound during the neonatal period in an infant of a mother with Class B diabetes mellitus. (orig.)

385

Prenatal Cocaine Exposure and Infant Cortisol Reactivity  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on infant hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity and reactivity at 7 months of infant age. Participants were 168 caregiver-infant dyads (87 cocaine exposed, 81 not cocaine exposed; 47% boys). Maternal behavior, caregiving instability, and infant growth and behavior were assessed,…

Eiden, Rina D.; Veira, Yvette; Granger, Douglas A.

2009-01-01

386

Spastic hemiparesis and presumed prenatal embolisation.  

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An infant with clinical evidence of prenatal right subclavian arterial occlusion subsequently developed left hemiparesis with cystic infarction of the territory of the right middle cerebral artery. Perinatal strokes have not been reported with signs of limb ischaemia at birth; this finding may be a warning of possible simultaneous cerebral infarction.

Asindi, A. A.; Stephenson, J. B.; Young, D. G.

1988-01-01

387

Prenatal diagnosis and treatment: Pediatric surgical aspect  

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Full Text Available The vast majority of the congenital surgical abnormalities can be determined prior to birth. Most of these defects are perceived from ultrasonographic examinations during pregnancy. Some of the complicated abnormalities detected in the prenatal period, with the collaboration of obstetrics, neonatology, genetics, pediatrics and pediatric surgery specialists, can also be treated prenatally by taking the decision of family. Prenatal information related with the type of birth, minimal requirements for a possible maternal hospital, possible course of the diasease, management protocols and their effects on the future of unborn patient should be given in detail to tha parents. As the delivery time approaches, many of the pregnant mothers with managable abormalities should be directed to the appropriate centers where the previously mentioned teams work. For those fetuses with severe, life threatening abnormalities, evaluation of the abortion decision should be made earlier. In these centers, either the baby is delivered in the preterm period or the method for the birth could be altered acording to the characteristics of the abnormality. Intrauterin correction is required for some fetuses. Postnatal treatment of the most abnormalities ascertained will be made by pediatric surgeons. By courtesy of these consultations, due to the prenatal follow up and and planned emergent treatment following birth, birth place and method could be changed. (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45 Suppl: 1-3

Mustafa Meliko?lu

2010-05-01

388

An Interesting Prenatal Diagnosis: Double Aneuploidy  

Science.gov (United States)

Double aneuploidy, the existence of two chromosomal abnormalities in the same individual, is a rare condition. Early diagnosis of this condition is important to offer termination of pregnancy in genetic counselling. Cytogenetic analysis with amniocentesis and ultrasound examination is valuable for diagnosis of double aneuploidy. In this report we present a case with the karyotype of 48XXY+21 diagnosed prenatally. PMID:24368953

Aydin, Cetin; Yalcin, Yakup; Sen Selim, Halime

2013-01-01

389

Effect of brain prenatal irradiations (review)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Tendency of intellectual deficiency and emotion disturbance among children which were irradiated in womb was found. Study of the risk of endogenic psychic disorder development and, first of all, schizophrenia in pre-natally irradiated children, as a result of Chernobyl catastrophe, is of special interest. 256 refs., 1 tab

390

[The ice storm: an opportunity to study the effects of prenatal stress on the baby and the mother.].  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the last several years, studies have shown that stressful experiences during the pregnancy can predict levels of neurological development, as well as cognitive and psychological functioning, during childhood and adulthood. For example, Mednick (1997) has been studying the effects of a major earthquake in China on the psychological and intellectual development of the unborn child. Twenty-three years after the quake, significant differences have been found between the earthquake group and a control group born one year later in terms of intellectual functioning, depression, and the size of certain brain regions. Less severe events, such as a divorce or job loss during the pregnancy, may also increase the risk of obstetric complications and may have an effect on the baby's neurological well being, weight and head circumference at birth. Death of the baby's father during the pregnancy and natural disasters have both been associated with increased rates of depression, schizophrenia and criminality in adulthood. Several of these same effects have been found in studies of prenatal stress in non-human primates. Many of these studies suggest that the second trimester of pregnancy is a particularly critical period during which stressful events may compromise development of the fetus. Methodological constraints limit research on prenatal maternal stress. Animal studies are able to control for pre- and postnatal environments. However, animal studies have limited generalizability to humans for whom numerous risk and protective factors are in operation. Studies of human pregnancies cannot randomly assign subjects to stress conditions. Maternal personality and temperament may be associated with characteristics of a woman's child not only through genetic transmission of personality, but possibly also through differential exposure to difficult life conditions which may, in part, be self-imposed. In addition, studies of prenatal life events in humans have severely restricted variance; very large samples of women must be screened to identify even small numbers of women who have experienced major life events during the pregnancy. Finally, follow-back studies which show an association between prenatal events and later rates of mental illness, do not include timely evaluations of actual rates of exposure to the event, nor the pregnant woman's subjective or biological reactions to the event. In this paper, we present a review of the literature on prenatal maternal stress followed by a discussion of how the January 1998 Québec ice storm could be used to study the mechanisms by which prenatal stress may influence mental health outcomes in the unborn child. PMID:18253576

King, S; Barr, R G; Brunet, A; Saucier, J F; Meaney, M; Woo, S; Chanson, C

2000-01-01

391

Prenatal Sonographic Findings of Polysplenic Syndrome  

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We report 6 cases of polysplenic syndrome diagnosed on prenatal sonography. The mean menstrual age at the time of presentation was 275 weeks (range 184 to 38 weeks). All cases were examined using level-II prenatal sonography. The sonographic findings of polysplenic syndrome were retrograde analyzed and compared to the autopsy or postnatal findings. Polysplenia was detected in 5 cases on the prenatal sonography. Associated cardiovascular anomalies were detected in all 6 cases, all of which had more than one anomaly, namely complete atrioventricular septal defect in two cases, double outlet right ventricle combined with rudimentary LV or mitral atresia in two cases and VSD and ASD in one case each. There were three cases of interrupted IVC with azygous continuation of the posterior thorax. Bradycardia was observed in 2 cases, one of which showed AV dissociation of rhythm. Visceral abnormalities were present in all cases and there were combined anomalies such as echogenic bowel, pelviectasia, horseshoe kidney, and posterior neck cystic hygroma and fetal hydrops. Four cases terminated pregnancy. The autopsy results of 2 cases were comparable to those of the prenatal sonography, however autopsies were not performed in 2 cases. One fetus near term was delivered and the baby subsequently underwent heart surgery and was still alive at the last follow-up. The remaining one case was lost to follow-up. If multiple fetal anomalies, including complex heart disease and polysplenia, are detected in the prenatal sonography, a diagnosis of polysplenic syndrome can be made. IVC interruption with azygous continuation can also be helpful in the diagnosis of polysplenic syndrome, and this can be observed by detecting the double vessel of the posterior thorax

Yoo, Jeong Hyun; Suh, Jeong Soo [Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Young Ho [Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2004-09-15

392

[New molecular methods in prenatal invasive diagnostics].  

Science.gov (United States)

New diagnostic techniques employed in laboratories all over the world enable to create new tests for prenatal genetic diagnosis. They include cytogenetics, molecular-cytogenetics and molecular methods. Chromosomal numerical aberrations (aneuploidies) remain to be the most frequent genetic changes diagnosed prenatally Therefore, our paper presents the latest methods used mainly in prenatal diagnosis of the most common chromosome numerical changes, as well as other methods applicable in detecting chromosome structural changes or gene mutations. One of the main advantages of these new approaches is the short period of time needed to obtain a result. Some of these techniques are used world-wide: QF-PCR (Fluorescence Quantitive Polymerase Chain Reaction)--based on the analysis of the short polymorphic sequences characteristic for each individual; MLPA (Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification)--based on the probes ligation to complementary genomic fragments in patient DNA; microarray CGH (Comparative Genomic Hybridization)--based on genomic hybridization to microarray, which enables analysis of the entire genome. Other new methods are also gradually introduced to invasive prenatal diagnosis: NGS (Next-generation DNA sequencing)--for the analysis of the whole genome at the DNA level; BoBs (BACS-on-Beads)--molecular-cytogenetic technique based on hybridization of probes immobilized on polystyrene microspheres with fetal DNA. Nowadays, rapid diagnosis of the most common chromosomal aneuploidies is not a standard procedure in Poland, as opposed to cytogenetics (karyotyping). However, for specific clinical indications, fast and reliable methods of genetic analysis present are likely to become standard procedures in prenatal diagnosis. PMID:24273910

?aczma?ska, Izabela; Stembalska, Agnieszka

2013-10-01

393

Prenatal Sonographic Findings of Polysplenic Syndrome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report 6 cases of polysplenic syndrome diagnosed on prenatal sonography. The mean menstrual age at the time of presentation was 275 weeks (range 184 to 38 weeks). All cases were examined using level-II prenatal sonography. The sonographic findings of polysplenic syndrome were retrograde analyzed and compared to the autopsy or postnatal findings. Polysplenia was detected in 5 cases on the prenatal sonography. Associated cardiovascular anomalies were detected in all 6 cases, all of which had more than one anomaly, namely complete atrioventricular septal defect in two cases, double outlet right ventricle combined with rudimentary LV or mitral atresia in two cases and VSD and ASD in one case each. There were three cases of interrupted IVC with azygous continuation of the posterior thorax. Bradycardia was observed in 2 cases, one of which showed AV dissociation of rhythm. Visceral abnormalities were present in all cases and there were combined anomalies such as echogenic bowel, pelviectasia, horseshoe kidney, and posterior neck cystic hygroma and fetal hydrops. Four cases terminated pregnancy. The autopsy results of 2 cases were comparable to those of the prenatal sonography, however autopsies were not performed in 2 cases. One fetus near term was delivered and the baby subsequently underwent heart surgery and was still alive at the last follow-up. The remaining one case was lost to follow-up. If multiple fetal anomalies, including complex heart disease and polysplenia,ing complex heart disease and polysplenia, are detected in the prenatal sonography, a diagnosis of polysplenic syndrome can be made. IVC interruption with azygous continuation can also be helpful in the diagnosis of polysplenic syndrome, and this can be observed by detecting the double vessel of the posterior thorax

394

Prenatal immunologic predictors of postpartum depressive symptoms: a prospective study for potential diagnostic markers.  

Science.gov (United States)

In postpartum depression (PPD), immunologic changes have been proposed to be involved in the disease pathology. The study evaluates the regulation of the innate and adaptive immune response over the course of late pregnancy and postpartum period and their association with the development of postpartum depressive symptoms. Furthermore, prenatal immunologic markers for a PPD were investigated. Hundred pregnant women were included. At 34th and 38th week of pregnancy as well as 2 days, 7 weeks and 6 months postpartum, immune parameters (neopterin, regulatory T cells, CXCR1, CCR2, MNP1 and CD11a) were measured by flow cytometry/ELISA, and the psychopathology was evaluated. We found that regulatory T cells were significantly increased prenatal (p = 0.011) and postnatal (p = 0.01) in mothers with postnatal depressive symptoms. The decrease in CXCR 1 after delivery was significantly higher in mother with postnatal depressive symptoms (p = 0.032). Mothers with postnatal depressive symptoms showed already prenatal significantly elevated neopterin levels (p = 0.049). Finally, regulatory T cells in pregnancy strongly predict postnatal depressive symptoms (p = 0.004). The present study revealed that prenatal and postnatal immunologic parameters are associated with postpartum depressive symptoms in mothers. In addition, we found immune markers that could eventually be the base for a biomarker set that predicts postnatal depressive symptoms already during pregnancy. PMID:24595743

Krause, Daniela; Jobst, Andrea; Kirchberg, Franka; Kieper, Susann; Härtl, Kristin; Kästner, Ralph; Myint, Aye-Mu; Müller, Norbert; Schwarz, Markus J

2014-10-01

395

Prenatal Diagnosis of 4p and 4q Subtelomeric Microdeletion in De Novo Ring Chromosome 4  

Science.gov (United States)

Ring chromosomes are unusual abnormalities that are observed in prenatal diagnosis. A 23-year-old patient (gravida 1, para 0) referred for amniocentesis due to abnormal maternal serum screening result in the 16th week of second pregnancy. Cytogenetic analysis of cultured amniyotic fluid cells revealed out ring chromosome 4. Both maternal and paternal karyotypes were normal. Terminal deletion was observed in both 4p and 4q arms of ring chromosome 4 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). However deletion was not observed in the WHS critical region of both normal and ring chromosome 4 by an additional FISH study. These results were confirmed by means of array-CGH showing terminal deletions on 4p16.3 (130?kb) and 4q35.2 (2.449?Mb). In the 21th week of pregnancy, no gross anomalia, except two weeks symmetric growth retardation, was present in the fetal ultrasonographic examination. According to our review of literature, this is the first prenatal case with 4p and 4q subtelomeric deletion of ring chromosome 4 without the involvement of WHS critical region. Our report describes the prenatal case with a ring chromosome 4 abnormality completely characterized by array-CGH which provided complementary data for genetic counseling of prenatal diagnosis. PMID:24455347

Cine, Naci; Erdemoglu, Mahmut; Atay, Ahmet Engin; Simsek, Selda; Turkyilmaz, Aysegul; Fidanboy, Mehmet

2013-01-01

396

Non-invasive prenatal testing for aneuploidy: current status and future prospects.  

Science.gov (United States)

Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for aneuploidy using cell-free DNA in maternal plasma is revolutionizing prenatal screening and diagnosis. We review NIPT in the context of established screening and invasive technologies, the range of cytogenetic abnormalities detectable, cost, counseling and ethical issues. Current NIPT approaches involve whole-genome sequencing, targeted sequencing and assessment of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) differences between mother and fetus. Clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of NIPT for Down and Edwards syndromes, and possibly Patau syndrome, in high-risk women. Universal NIPT is not cost-effective, but using NIPT contingently in women found at moderate or high risk by conventional screening is cost-effective. Positive NIPT results must be confirmed using invasive techniques. Established screening, fetal ultrasound and invasive procedures with microarray testing allow the detection of a broad range of additional abnormalities not yet detectable by NIPT. NIPT approaches that take advantage of SNP information potentially allow the identification of parent of origin for imbalances, triploidy, uniparental disomy and consanguinity, and separate evaluation of dizygotic twins. Fetal fraction enrichment, improved sequencing and selected analysis of the most informative sequences should result in tests for additional chromosomal abnormalities. Providing adequate prenatal counseling poses a substantial challenge given the broad range of prenatal testing options now available. PMID:23765643

Benn, P; Cuckle, H; Pergament, E

2013-07-01

397

Prenatal exposure to gamma/neutron irradiation: Sensorimotor alterations and paradoxical effects on learning  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The effects of prenatal exposure on gamma/neutron radiations (0.5 Gy at about the 18th day of fetal life) were studied in a hybrid strain of mice (DBA/Cne males x C57BL/Cne females). During ontogeny, measurements of sensorimotor reflexes revealed in prenatally irradiated mice (1) a delay in sensorial development, (2) deficits in tests involving body motor control, and (3) a reduction of both motility and locomotor activity scores. In adulthood, the behaviour of prenatally irradiated and control mice was examined in the open field test and in reactivity to novelty. Moreover, their learning performance was compared in several situations. The results show that, in the open field test, only rearings were more frequent in irradiated mice. In the presence of a novel object, significant sex x treatment interactions were observed since ambulation and leaning against the novel object increased in irradiated females but decreased in irradiated males. Finally, when submitted to different learning tasks, irradiated mice were impaired in the radial maze, but paradoxically exhibited higher avoidance scores than control mice, possibly because of their low pain thresholds. Taken together, these observations indicate that late prenatal gamma/neutron irradiation induces long lasting alterations at the sensorimotor level which, in turn, can influence learning abilities of adult mice

398

Brain plasticity of rats exposed to prenatal immobilization stress  

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Full Text Available Aim. This histochemical and immunohistochemical study was aimed at examining the brain cellular structures of newborn rats exposed to prenatal immobilization (IMO stress. Methods. Histochemical method on detection of Ca2+-dependent acid phosphatase activity and ABC immunohistochemical technique. Results. Cell structures with radial astrocytes marker GFAP, neuroepithelial stem cell marker gene nestin, stem-cells marker and the hypothalamic neuroprotective proline-rich polypeptide PRP-1 (Galarmin, a natural cytokine of a common precursor to neurophysin vasopressin associated glycoprotein have been revealed in several brain regions. Conclusions. Our findings indicate the process of generation of new neurons in response to IMO and PRP-1 involvement in this recovery mechanism, as PRP-1-Ir was detected in the above mentioned cell structures, as well as in the neurons and nerve fibers.

Badalyan B. Yu.

2011-10-01

399

Migration and father absence: shifting family structure in Mexico.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite many changing demographic processes in Mexico-declining adult mortality, rising divorce, and rising nonmarital fertility-Mexican children's family structure has been most affected by rising migration rates. Data from five national surveys spanning three decades demonstrate that since 1976, migration has shifted from the least common to the most common form of father household absence. Presently, more than 1 in 5 children experience a father's migration by age 15; 1 in 11 experiences his departure to the United States. The proportions are significantly higher among those children born in rural communities and those born to less-educated mothers. The findings emphasize the importance of framing migration as a family process with implications for children's living arrangements and attendant well-being, particularly in resource-constrained countries. The stability of children's family life in these regions constitutes a substantial but poorly measured cost of worldwide increases in migration. PMID:23355282

Nobles, Jenna

2013-08-01

400

A support group for fathers whose partners died from cancer.  

Science.gov (United States)

Men who are raising dependent children after their spouses or partners have died from cancer face unique challenges adjusting to single parenthood while managing their grief and the grief of their children. Unfortunately, the needs of those widowers have been overlooked in the clinical literature and no published interventions are designed specifically for that population. The current article details the creation and implementation of a peer support group for fathers recently widowed because of their wives' deaths from cancer. Initial observations and emergent themes from the group are described. Group members suggested that they benefited from participation in the support group and that this form of psychosocial support is a promising intervention for fathers in similar circumstances. PMID:23538252

Yopp, Justin Michael; Rosenstein, Donald Lee

2013-04-01

 
 
 
 
401

Väter vom Aufbruch überfordert? Fathers Overwhelmed by Change  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wie erfahren Väter die Veränderungen, die im Gefolge der Frauenbewegungen in heterosexuellen Partnerschaften und Familien stattgefunden haben? Wie gehen sie damit um, dass an sie als „Neue Väter“ Anforderungen gestellt werden, die teilweise inkompatibel mit ihren Männlichkeitsbildern sind? Eine Reaktion, die sich großer medialer Aufmerksamkeit erfreut, ist das Engagement in Väterinitiativen. Anja Wolde analysiert die kollektiven Deutungsmuster dieser Vereinigungen zwischen Selbsthilfegruppe und Lobby-Organisation.How do fathers experience the changes that have occurred in heterosexual partnerships and families following the women’s movement? How do they deal with the requirements placed on them as “new fathers,” which can be partially incompatible with their own images of masculinity? One reaction that has received great media attention has been their engagement in fatherhood initiatives. Anja Wolde analyses the collective patterns of interpretation of these initiatives, formed of a union between self-help group and lobby organization.

Sebastian Scheele

2007-07-01

402

Prenatal Aneuploidies Computerized Screening (SCA TEST): a pilot study on 1000 women  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The SCA-TEST, Prenatal Aneuploidies Screening, is an innovating program with very articulated and differentiated calculation potentials. It is a software which allows executing a sequence-like rational screening involving the ultrasound study of the first and second trimester. The program enables to execute a complete and different- levels combined screening, through very sophisticated mathematic analysis methods. In particular, it enables to make: a first trimester screening combining it wit...

Sacco, Alessandro; Coco, Claudio; Mangiafico, Lucia; Cignini, Pietro; Tiezzi, Alessandra; Giorlandino, Claudio

2007-01-01

403

Children's Socialization Experiences and Functioning in Single-Mother Households: The Importance of Fathers and Other Men.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined the experiences provided by biological fathers and other men for 111 third and fourth graders in unmarried-mother families. Found that fathers' warmth and control related to better academic achievement and more prosocial behaviors toward peers. Girls and Black children were more positively affected by relations with fathers and father

Coley, Rebekah Levine

1998-01-01

404

Father, Son, Wife, Husband: Philanthropy as Exchange and Balance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This essay attempts to use exchange and balance theories to explain philanthropy. For exchange, such theoretical components as attractions or rewards, costs, barriers and alternatives are invoked to make sense of the biography of a Chinese philanthropist in Hong Kong who donated two schools to remember his father and wife. The balance theory was also used, which argues that people do not seek to maximize their pleasure or to minimize their pain, but to balance, advancing one purpose or concer...

Chan, Kwok-bun

2010-01-01

405

Functional significance of hormonal changes in mammalian fathers.  

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In the 5-10% of mammals in which both parents routinely provide infant care, fathers as well as mothers undergo systematic endocrine changes as they transition into parenthood. Although fatherhood-associated changes in such hormones and neuropeptides as prolactin, testosterone, glucocorticoids, vasopressin and oxytocin have been characterised in only a small number of biparental rodents and primates, they appear to be more variable than corresponding changes in mothers, and experimental studies typically have not provided strong or consistent evidence that these endocrine shifts play causal roles in the activation of paternal care. Consequently, their functional significance remains unclear. We propose that endocrine changes in mammalian fathers may enable males to meet the species-specific demands of fatherhood by influencing diverse aspects of their behaviour and physiology, similar to many effects of hormones and neuropeptides in mothers. We review the evidence for such effects, focusing on recent studies investigating whether mammalian fathers in biparental species undergo systematic changes in (i) energetics and body composition; (ii) neural plasticity, cognition and sensory physiology; and (iii) stress responsiveness and emotionality, all of which may be mediated by endocrine changes. The few published studies, based on a small number of rodent and primate species, suggest that hormonal and neuropeptide alterations in mammalian fathers might mediate shifts in paternal energy balance, body composition and neural plasticity, although they do not appear to have major effects on stress responsiveness or emotionality. Further research is needed on a wider variety of biparental mammals, under more naturalistic conditions, to more fully determine the functional significance of hormone and neuropeptide profiles of mammalian fatherhood and to clarify how fatherhood may trade off with (or perhaps enhance) aspects of organismal function in biparental mammals. PMID:25039657

Saltzman, W; Ziegler, T E

2014-10-01

406

Mothers, Fathers and Children after Divorce: The Role of Institutions  

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In recent years the increase in the divorce rate in many advanced countries and the predominance of female-headed families among the poor has generated much interest in the relationship between divorce and the welfare of mothers and children. In this paper I will review a small body of economic literature which has been recently developed in order to analyze the economic consequence of divorce on the welfare of fathers, mothers and children under alternative behavioral assumptions. Important ...

Del Boca, Daniela

2002-01-01

407

Diagnostic test for prenatal identification of Down's syndrome and mental retardation and gene therapy therefor  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A a diagnostic test useful for prenatal identification of Down syndrome and mental retardation. A method for gene therapy for correction and treatment of Down syndrome. DYRK gene involved in the ability to learn. A method for diagnosing Down's syndrome and mental retardation and an assay therefor. A pharmaceutical composition for treatment of Down's syndrome mental retardation.

Smith, Desmond J. (Oakland, CA); Rubin, Edward M. (Berkeley, CA)

2000-01-01

408

Effect of prenatal neutron irradiation on expression of myelin genes and glycoprotein genes in developing rat brain  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The effect of prenatal neutron irradiation on the expression of myelin genes and glycoprotein genes in the brain of rats is studied. The observed postradiation enhancement of the expression of glial and neuronal genes involved in the process of myelinization and differentiation in the central nervous system, is related to a necessity to compensate the functional disorders of the brain caused by radiation death of neuroblasts. A specific molecular mechanism of compensation reaction of brain cells of prenatally irradiated rats is described for the first time; the mechanism consists in the activation of the expression of specific glial genes and genes of neuronal surface glycoproteins

409

A systematic review of neurodevelopmental effects of prenatal and postnatal organophosphate pesticide exposure.  

Science.gov (United States)

Agricultural and residential use of organophosphate (OP) pesticides has increased in recent decades after banning some persistent pesticides. Although there is evidence of the effects of OPs on neurodevelopment and behaviour in adults, limited information is available about their effects in children, who might be more vulnerable to neurotoxic compounds. This paper was aimed at analysing the scientific evidence published to date on potential neurodevelopmental and behavioural effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure to OPs. A systematic review was undertaken to identify original articles published up to December 2012 evaluating prenatal or postnatal exposure to OPs in children and effects on neurodevelopment and/or behaviour. Articles were critically compared, focusing on the methodology used to assess exposure and adverse effects, as well as potential contributing factors that may modify both exposure and outcomes, such as genetic susceptibility to certain enzymes involved in OPs metabolisation (e.g. paraoxonase-1) and gender differences. Twenty articles met the inclusion criteria, 7 of which evaluated prenatal exposure to OPs, 8 postnatal exposure and 5 both pre- and postnatal exposure. Most of the studies evaluating prenatal exposure observed a negative effect on mental development and an increase in attention problems in preschool and school children. The evidence on postnatal exposure is less consistent, although 2 studies found an increase in reaction time in schoolchildren. Some paraoxonase-1 polymorphisms could enhance the association between OPs exposure and mental and psychomotor development. A large variability in epidemiological designs and methodologies used for assessing exposure and outcome was observed across the different studies, which made comparisons difficult. Prenatal and to a lesser extent postnatal exposure to OPs may contribute to neurodevelopmental and behavioural deficits in preschool and school children. Standardised methodologies are needed to allow results to be better compared and to perform a quantitative meta-analysis before drawing any final conclusions. PMID:24291036

González-Alzaga, B; Lacasaña, M; Aguilar-Garduño, C; Rodríguez-Barranco, M; Ballester, F; Rebagliato, M; Hernández, A F

2014-10-15

410

Biased embryos: Prenatal experience alters the postnatal malleability of auditory preferences in bobwhite quail.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many precocial birds show a robust preference for the maternal call of their own species before and after hatching. This differential responsiveness to species-specific auditory stimuli by embryos and neonates has been the subject of study for more than four decades, but much remains unknown about the dynamics of this ability. Gottlieb [Gottlieb [1971]. Development of species identification in birds: An enquiry into the prenatal determinants of p