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1

Personality characteristics and profiles of Greek elementary teachers using the sixteen personality factor questionnaire (16PF).  

Science.gov (United States)

Empirical evidence indicates that a teacher's personality influences the classroom climate, students' behaviors, and their interpersonal relationships. Although the effect of a teacher's personality on students' psychological well-being has long been stressed in many studies, very little is known about the actual personality characteristics of Greek in-service teachers. The purpose of this study was to allocate the characteristics that best describe the personality of Greek elementary school teachers (according to the 16 Cattellian primary factors). Our study belongs in the broader research field aiming at describing and understanding the possible foundations of teachers' behavior. The sample consisted of 138 elementary teachers, who completed a standardized Greek version of the 16PF. Our statistical analysis of one-sample t-test along with an effect size calculation revealed that certain personality characteristics described the Greek elementary teacher and clearly distinguishes them from the normative group of the Greek population. Elementary teachers appear to be quite submissive, cautious, with a tendency to oppose or postpone change. They also scored a low tolerance level against fear and arousal, and high tension levels. Elementary teachers seem to respond to events, ideas, and experiences more with feeling than with thinking and find it difficult to control their feelings, which results in getting upset easily. They also seem to pay little attention to how they may appear to others and generally do what they feel like doing. Elementary teachers also scored low on aspiration level. Possible implications of the results are discussed with reference to students' psychological well-being. PMID:20014644

Roussi-Vergou, Christina J; Angelosopoulou, Argyro; Zafiropoulou, Maria M

2009-01-01

2

Related Factors of the MTAI and the 16PF  

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The Minnesota Teacher Attitude Inventory (MTAI) and the Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF) were administered to 395 undergraduate teachers-in-training. The MTAI and the 16PF contained three related factors accounting for 41 percent of their total variance. It was concluded that teachers' attitudes toward their pupils are determined…

Wakefield, James A., Jr.; Cunningham, Claude H.

1976-01-01

3

Assessment of the Measurement Equivalence of a Spanish Translation of the 16PF Questionnaire.  

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Used the differential functioning of items and tests (DFIT) framework to examine the measurement equivalence of a Spanish translation of the Sixteen Personality Factor (16PF) Questionnaire using samples of 309 Anglo American college students and other adults, 280 English-speaking Hispanics, and 244 Spanish-speaking college students. Results show…

Ellis, Barbara B.; Mead, Alan D.

2000-01-01

4

The Global Factors of the "16PF Fifth Edition": Contribution to Career Development and Guidance.  

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As part of an exploration of how best to use normal personality measures in career development and guidance, this study investigated the use of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire Fifth Edition (16PF Fifth Edition) assessment and its relationship to the widely used typology of J. L. Holland (1985) and the new Campbell Orientations (1992).…

Vansickle, Timothy R.; Conn, Steven R.

5

A estrutura do 16PF-5, versão espanhola: uma análise fatorial dos itens The structure of the 16PF-5, Spanish version: a factor analysis of items  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O sistema de Cattell dos dezesseis fatores de primeira ordem no âmbito da personalidade normal não tem mudado desde seus estudos de elaboração há aproximadamente 50 anos. Este artigo examina a evidência que apoia a estrutura da versão espanhola do 16 PF-5, o qual foi aplicado a 3.446 pessoas e o conjunto de itens foi fatorizado diretamente. Foi realizada uma análise dos fatores principais, com rotação oblíqua direct quartimin e as matrizes fatoriais padrão e estrutura foram examinadas. As conclusões foram de que, embora a estrutura da personalidade seja mais clara quando as parcelas dos itens são consideradas (Cattell & Cattell, 1995; Prieto, Gouveia, & Fernández, 1996, os dezesseis fatores foram parcialmente confirmados analisando-se unicamente os itens. Neste sentido, é apropriado pensar na versão espanhola do 16 PF-5 como uma medida adequada dos fatores da personalidade normal, como tem sido definida por R. B. Cattell.The Cattell's system of sixteen primary factors in the normal personality sphere has not changed since its foundation studies approximately 50 years ago. This paper examines the evidence that supports the first order structure of the Spanish version of the 16 PF-5. This questionnaire was administered to 3,446 people, and the pool of items was factored. Principal factor solution and oblique rotation were performed. The sorted factor pattern and structure matrixes are available. The conclusion is that, although the structure of personality is more evident when the item parcels are considered (Cattell & Cattell, 1995; Prieto, Gouveia, & Fernández, 1996, all sixteen factors have been moderately confirmed analyzing only the items. So, it is appropriate to think of the Spanish version of 16 PF-5 as an appropriate measurement of the normal personality factors, as it has been defined by R.B. Cattell.

Valdiney V. Gouveia

2004-08-01

6

A estrutura do 16PF-5, versão espanhola: uma análise fatorial dos itens / The structure of the 16PF-5, Spanish version: a factor analysis of items  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O sistema de Cattell dos dezesseis fatores de primeira ordem no âmbito da personalidade normal não tem mudado desde seus estudos de elaboração há aproximadamente 50 anos. Este artigo examina a evidência que apoia a estrutura da versão espanhola do 16 PF-5, o qual foi aplicado a 3.446 pessoas e o con [...] junto de itens foi fatorizado diretamente. Foi realizada uma análise dos fatores principais, com rotação oblíqua direct quartimin e as matrizes fatoriais padrão e estrutura foram examinadas. As conclusões foram de que, embora a estrutura da personalidade seja mais clara quando as parcelas dos itens são consideradas (Cattell & Cattell, 1995; Prieto, Gouveia, & Fernández, 1996), os dezesseis fatores foram parcialmente confirmados analisando-se unicamente os itens. Neste sentido, é apropriado pensar na versão espanhola do 16 PF-5 como uma medida adequada dos fatores da personalidade normal, como tem sido definida por R. B. Cattell. Abstract in english The Cattell's system of sixteen primary factors in the normal personality sphere has not changed since its foundation studies approximately 50 years ago. This paper examines the evidence that supports the first order structure of the Spanish version of the 16 PF-5. This questionnaire was administere [...] d to 3,446 people, and the pool of items was factored. Principal factor solution and oblique rotation were performed. The sorted factor pattern and structure matrixes are available. The conclusion is that, although the structure of personality is more evident when the item parcels are considered (Cattell & Cattell, 1995; Prieto, Gouveia, & Fernández, 1996), all sixteen factors have been moderately confirmed analyzing only the items. So, it is appropriate to think of the Spanish version of 16 PF-5 as an appropriate measurement of the normal personality factors, as it has been defined by R.B. Cattell.

Valdiney V., Gouveia; José María, Prieto.

2004-08-01

7

Sex Differences in the Second-Order Factor Structure of the 16 PF: A Confirmatory Maximum Likelihood Analysis.  

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Examined equivalence of second-order factor structure of Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) across sex using confirmatory factor analysis with data from an earlier analysis of second-order factor structure of the Clinical Analysis Questionnaire with adults. Found factor structure and residual variances equivalent across sex, while…

Miller, M. David; Krieshok, Thomas S.

1989-01-01

8

Critique of 16 PF.  

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The release of the newest Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF), Fifth Edition, is the evolution of Raymond Cattell's conceptualization of the primary components of personality by analyzing adjectives describing human behavior. This updated version continues to measure the same 16 primary personality factors with improved reliability and…

Rivera, Hipolito

9

The 16PF Tradition in Contemporary Personality Assessment.  

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The 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF), which is reviewed historically in this essay, represents a unique and significant chapter in the history of personality assessment. During the first 20 years of its existence, the 16PF underwent numerous revisions and restandardizations. During that period, R. B. Cattell, the creator of the 16PF,…

Krug, Samuel E.

10

Investigating the Hierarchical Factor Structure of the Fifth Edition of the 16PF: An Application of the Schmid-Leiman Orthogonalization Procedure.  

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Studied the unidimensionality of the 16 noncognitive scales of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) and the hierarchical factor structure of the inventory. Results using the Schmid Leiman orthogonalization procedure (J. Schmid and J. Leiman, 1957) showed that the noncognitive multi-item composites could be factored into 16…

Chernyshenko, Oleksandr S.; Stark, Stephen; Chan, Kim Yin

2001-01-01

11

Replicabilidad de los factores de segundo orden del 16PF-5 en muestras americanas y españolas  

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The aim of the present study was to replicate the 5 and 6 second order factor structures of the 16PF-5 from data obtained with an anonymous sample. The factor structure obtained by Russell and Karol (1995) is assumed as a theoretical reference according to the Spanish normalization data from the TEA R+D team, for the 5-factor structure, while for the 6 factor structure (including an additional factor of Reasoning), that obtained in American samples by Cattell and Cattell (1995). Three procedu...

Aluja Fabregat, Anto?n; Blanch Plana, Angel

2003-01-01

12

Personality Structure and the New Fifth Edition of the 16PF.  

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The development of the new fifth edition of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) is described. The factor structure of the new 16PF was explored with 4 samples ranging from 646 to 3,498 subjects. Results support the validity of the 16PF factor structure and its continuity with earlier versions. (SLD)

Cattell, Raymond B.; Cattell, Heather E. P.

1995-01-01

13

Relaciones entre la estructura del 16PF-5 y el modelo de cinco grandes factores de personalidad  

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Este estudio fue diseñado para evaluar las relaciones del 16PF-5 y el modelo de Cinco Grandes factores de personalidad evaluado a partir de un listado de adjetivos unipolares propuestos por Goldberg (1992). Mediante sucesivos análisis factoriales se obtuvo un listado de 40 adjetivos, 8 para cada uno de los Cinco Grandes, que presentaron una estructura robusta y una consistencia interna aceptable. Al comparar los cinco factores del 16PF-5 con los Cinco Grandes, mediante análisis correlacion...

Aluja Fabregat, Anto?n; Blanch Plana, Angel

2002-01-01

14

Relationships between Holland's VPI and Cattell's 16PF  

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The Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI) and the Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF) were administered to 425 undergraduate students and compared using canonical analysis. The contributions of the scales of the VPI and the 16PF to the three relationships supported Hollans's theory of vocational choice, the use of the VPI for…

Ward, G. Robert; And Others

1976-01-01

15

Use of the 16PF with Mentally Retarded Adults  

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The experimental form of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) for a low literate population was verbally administered to a population of retarded adults. Teacher ratings were also obtained on the most important personality dimensions involved in the 16PF. Results suggested a modest degree of agreement. (Author)

Muhlern, Thomas J.

1975-01-01

16

The Number of Factors in the 16PF: A Review of the Evidence with Special Emphasis on Methodological Problems.  

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Critics have occasionally asserted that the number of factors in the 16PF tests is too large. This study discusses factor-analytic methodology and reviews more than 50 studies in the field. It concludes that the number of important primaries encapsulated in the series is no fewer than the stated number. (Author/JAZ)

Cattell, Raymond B.; Krug, Samuel E.

1986-01-01

17

A estrutura do 16PF-5, versão espanhola: uma análise fatorial dos itens The structure of the 16PF-5, Spanish version: a factor analysis of items  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

O sistema de Cattell dos dezesseis fatores de primeira ordem no âmbito da personalidade normal não tem mudado desde seus estudos de elaboração há aproximadamente 50 anos. Este artigo examina a evidência que apoia a estrutura da versão espanhola do 16 PF-5, o qual foi aplicado a 3.446 pessoas e o conjunto de itens foi fatorizado diretamente. Foi realizada uma análise dos fatores principais, com rotação oblíqua direct quartimin e as matrizes fatoriais padrão e estrutura foram examin...

Gouveia, Valdiney V.; José María Prieto

2004-01-01

18

Some comments on a factor analysis of the 16PF and the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper comments on unusual results recently published by Byravan and Ramanaiah. Their factor analysis of the 16PF and the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised showed the scales of the two tests to be largely unrelated. However, two recent factor analyses of these tests show strong relationships between the two sets of global factors--as strong as between the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised five factors and Goldberg's big-five factors. Possible reasons for the discrepancy are discussed. PMID:8643796

Cattell, H E

1995-12-01

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The 16PF Related to the Five-Factor Model of Personality: Multiple-Indicator Measurement versus the A Priori Scales.  

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The Sixteen Personality Factor Inventory (16PF) was examined concerning recent methodological and substantive developments: restricted (confirmatory) factor analysis, and the five-factor model of personality as operationalized in the NEO-Personality Inventory. Two studies with 645 college students show that the 16PF remains robust in light of…

Gerbing, David W.; Tuley, Michael R.

1991-01-01

20

A Review of the Factor Structure of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire and the Clinical Analysis Questionnaire.  

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Research relating to the factor structure of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) and the Clinical Analysis Questionnaire is reviewed. Different opinions about the factors measured by the 16PF are discussed. Focusing on the second-order factor level could eliminate problems with the instruments' reliability. (SLD)

Boyle, Gregory J.

1990-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Inter-Inventory Predictability and Content Overlap of the 16PF and the CPI  

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A multiple regression approach is used to assess the feasibility of reciprocal prediction between the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire scales and the California Psychological Inventory scales (i.e., the prediction of each 16PF scale from the CPI scales and of each CPI scale from the 16PF scales). (RC)

Campbell, John B.; Chun, Ki-Taek

1977-01-01

22

16PF in screening for appropriateness of mentors.  

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The utility of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, Fifth Edition (16PF) as an indicator of mentor effectiveness was examined. A random sample of the 16PF scores of 74 mentors was drawn from a population of 837 mentors from Big Brothers Big Sisters. Caseworkers rated mentor's effectiveness using a rubric developed for this purpose. The rubric showed good interrater agreement. Caseworkers' ratings of mentor's effectiveness was used to rate mentors systematically as appropriate or inappropriate. The 16PF scores of mentors were compared at an alpha level of .05 for appropriate and inappropriate groups using independent t tests and multivariate analyses of variance, which reflected significant differences between male and female mentors on Factors E and Q3. Significant differences were also found between "appropriate" and "inappropriate" mentors on Factors L and Q4. These differences reflected only moderate effect sizes and lacked practical significance or meaning. The results suggest that, while the 16PF discriminates statistically between "appropriate" and "inappropriate" mentors, in terms of practical significance, the questionnaire is not particularly useful as an initial screening tool. PMID:12674254

Garner, Curtis M; Byars, Allyn; Greenwood, Michael; Garner, Karen A

2003-02-01

23

Comparison of MCMI-II and 16PF validity scales.  

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We administered the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-II (MCMI-II; Millon, 1987) and the Sixteen Personality Factors Inventory (16PF; Cattell, Eber, & Tatsuoka, 1970) to 131 outpatients in marital therapy and tested the correlation between the validity scales of the two instruments. The results indicated that MCMI-II Disclosure and Debasement scales were positively correlated with the 16PF Fake-Bad scale and negatively correlated with the 16PF Fake-Good scale. The MCMI-II Desirability scale was significantly correlated with the 16PF Fake-Good scale. PMID:7722863

Grossman, L S; Craig, R J

1995-04-01

24

Construct Validity for the Activity Vector Analysis Utilizing the Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire.  

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Compared Activity Vector Analysis (AVA) to the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) in 114 employed adults. Examination of descriptions of dimensions defined by obtained structure vectors associated with each instrument based on the canonical correlation linear composites suggested construct validity for the AVA relative to the 16PF

Plante, Thomas G.; And Others

1985-01-01

25

Psychometric properties of the Danish 16PF and EPQ.  

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A Danish translation of the Cattell's 16PF has been used in studies evaluating the effects of prenatal drug exposure. This paper reports a psychometric analysis of the 16PF and Eysenck's EPQ based on a sample of 558 young Danes. Many 16PF scales had unacceptable psychometric properties (as indicated by coefficient alpha and item--total score correlations), but more satisfactory results were obtained with the EPQ N and E scales. A factor analysis of all 16PF and EPQ scales suggested a six factor solution that roughly corresponds to the second-order factor structure obtained by Krug and Johns (1986). It is concluded that the second-order factor structure should be the basis of interpretation of the 16PF in both practical and research contexts. PMID:8711456

Mortensen, E L; Reinisch, J M; Sanders, S A

1996-06-01

26

The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire and Its Junior Versions.  

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Describes Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) and its junior versions, the High School Personality Questionnaire and the Children's Personality Questionnaire. Briefly describes development of the tests. Covers reliabilities and validities of the tests, with attention to applications in educational, clinical, and occupational settings.…

Schuerger, James M.

1992-01-01

27

Form E of the 16PF and adults with mental retardation: internal consistency and validity.  

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Form E of the Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF-E) was administered to 70 adults (45 men and 25 women) who resided in a public facility for mentally retarded persons. Alpha coefficients were computed for each of 16 primary trait scales. The Intelligence (B), Ego Strength (C), Dominance (E), Superego Strength (G), Parmia (H), Protension (L), Autia (M), Shrewdness (N), Guilt Proneness (O), and Self-Sentiment (Q3) scales exhibited low internal consistency, whereas Premsia (I) and Self-Sufficiency (Q2) evidence relatively higher levels. Personality traits of subjects were also assessed by staff ratings. Ratings were compared to 16PF-E primary and secondary trait scores via correlation coefficients. Results provided virtually no support for the validity of the 16PF-E primary scales and the Exvia, Anxiety, and Cortertia secondary factors as applied to the subject population. Limited support for the validity of the Independence secondary factor was found. PMID:1613655

Spirrison, C L

1992-06-01

28

Psychophysiological reactions to the response phase of the rorschach and 16PF.  

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In this pilot study, we investigated whether there was a differential psychophysiological response during the beginning, middle, and end of the administration of a performance-based instrument (Rorschach Inkblot Method, RIM; Exner, 2003) versus a self-report measure of personality (Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, 5th ed. [16PF]; Cattell, Cattell, & Cattell, 1993). Results indicate that adult participants (n = 15) experienced greater electrodermal activity during the administration of the RIM as compared to the 16PF. Effect sizes for the differences between the instruments were all very large (Cohen's d = 1.71 at beginning, d = 1.1 at middle, and d = .98 at end). PMID:19672755

Momenian-Schneider, Sharon H; Brabender, Virginia M; Nath, Sanjay R

2009-09-01

29

The 16PF as a Predictor of Principal Performance: An Integration of Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods.  

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The relationship between a broad set of personality factors and principals' performance was studied using the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF). How high and low performing principals actually spent their time on the job was a secondary focus of the study. Subjects were 46 elementary school and 33 secondary school principals (96%…

Lunenburg, Fred C.

30

The evaluation of truthfulness in alleged sex offenders' self-reports: 16PF and MMPI validity scales.  

Science.gov (United States)

The evaluation of response bias (i.e., minimization or exaggeration) is central to forensic psychological evaluations. Yet few studies have assessed forensic samples to investigate the ability of psychological tests to detect response bias. We studied the relationship between the Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) validity scales for 65 alleged sex offenders and assessed the effects of different cutoff scores for the 16PF validity scales. Results indicate consistent significant correlations between the validity scales of the 16PF and the MMPI for measures of minimization and exaggeration. use of a priori cutoff scores resulted in the classification of our sample in proportions parallel to those found in previous research for the 16PF Fake-Good scale but not the Fake-Bad scale. Our results indicate that 16PF validity scales are useful, but interpretations must take into account different base rates of response bias between sex offenders and the general population. PMID:1432560

Grossman, L S; Haywood, T W; Wasyliw, O E

1992-10-01

31

Profile Patterns in the 16PF Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Four profile clusters were identified and replicated across two or three samples of students and adults and for three cluster analysis methods. The results were compared with those reported by other investigators. (Author/BL)

Lorr, Maurice; Suziedelis, Antanas

1985-01-01

32

Motivational distortion of the 16PF by welfare recipients.  

Science.gov (United States)

The effectiveness of the Sixteen Personality Factor (16PF) motivational distortion correction procedures was investigated with a sample of 212 welfare recipients who completed the 16PF while participating in a mandatory welfare-to-work program. A multiple regression analysis showed that the motivational distortion (MD) score was significantly related to most of the preselected Personality factors. The regression analysis also revealed that primary E (Dominance) was associated with MD, although the manual does not require MD adjustments for this factor. Based on comparisons of mean differences at the various MD correction levels, findings indicated general support for the MD correction procedures described in the manual; however, the magnitude of the correction procedures should be used cautiously as this may overcorrect for MD on some of the 16PF primaries. The relevance of the findings also are discussed in terms of evidence for Cattell's (1968, 1973, 1986) trait-view theory as it applies to response distortions. PMID:9392896

Merydith, S P; Humphreys, J K; Ebener, D J

1997-10-01

33

The relationship between the fourth edition (2003 of the locus of control inventory and the sixteen personality factor questionnaire (version 5  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The principal objective of the study was to determine the relationship between the fourth edition (2003 of the Locus of Control Inventory (LCI and version 5 of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF. After some minor changes the LCI was applied jointly with the 16PF to a sample of 3089 first-year university students. Complete records were obtained in respect of 3033 participants for the LCI, and 2798 for both the 16PF and the LCI. An iterative principal factor analysis of the LCI was done. The three-factor-structure previously found was substantiated by the analysis. Highly acceptable reliabilities were obtained. The 16PF yielded six global factors with reliabilities that ranged from 0,721 to 0,861. Canonical correlations of 0,659; 0,455 and 0,322 were obtained between the three scales of the LCI and the primary factors of the 16PF.

Claire F Hassett

2006-02-01

34

Canonical Correlation Analysis of POI and 16PF Scales for a Rural Disadvantaged Population: An Affective Evaluation Report. Counseling Services Report No. 17.  

Science.gov (United States)

The report gives the results of a canonical correlation analysis of the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire, Form E (16PF) and Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) scores for 299 Mountain-Plains students. The focus of the study was on population characteristic identification emerging from the canonical sets of the merged instrument descriptions.…

Conrad, Rowan W.; Pollack, Robert M.

35

The relationship between the fourth edition (2003) of the locus of control inventory and the sixteen personality factor questionnaire (version 5)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The principal objective of the study was to determine the relationship between the fourth edition (2003) of the Locus of Control Inventory (LCI) and version 5 of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF). After some minor changes the LCI was applied jointly with the 16PF to a sample of 3089 first-year university students. Complete records were obtained in respect of 3033 participants for the LCI, and 2798 for both the 16PF and the LCI. An iterative principal factor analysis of the L...

Hassett, Claire F.; Schepers, Johann M.

2006-01-01

36

Use of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, Form A, with Deaf University Students.  

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The study evaluated use of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) with 77 successful deaf college students. Findings indicated that profiles were similar to those of hearing college students, that Form A was more appropriate for this population than was Form E, and that reliability and content validity were both questionable. (DB)

Jacobs, Ron

1987-01-01

37

Inteligência emocional: validade discriminante entre MSCEIT e 16 PF / Emotional intelligence: validity discriminant between MSCEIT and 16 PF  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar evidências de validade discriminante do Mayer Salovey Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), comparando-o com os 16 Fatores de Personalidade. O construto de inteligência emocional tem sido definido como a capacidade de perceber, entender e usar prec [...] isamente as emoções em si e em relação aos outros, bem como gerenciá-las para facilitar os processos cognitivos e promover o crescimento pessoal e intelectual. Participaram 270 universitários de diferentes cursos -Psicologia, Educação Física, Matemática e Biologia, sendo utilizados o MSCEIT e o 16 PF em aplicação coletiva. Os resultados indicaram correlações significativas baixas positivas e negativas entre IE e personalidade, tais como; Extroversão (r = 0,125*), Brandura (r = 0,253**), Rigidez de Pensamento (r = -0,193**). A análise dos resultados indica que não houve equivalência entre construtos de inteligência emocional e personalidade, embora algumas dimensões deste último possam contribuir para um adequado desempenho em IE. Abstract in english The present study aim was to investigate discriminative validity evidences between Mayer Salovey Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), and The 16 Personality Factors. The construct definition has been described as the person's ability to accurately perceive, express, understand and use his or [...] her own emotions and the emotions of others as well manager them in order to facilitate the cognitive process and to promote intellectual and personal growth. Participated 270 undergraduate students from Psychology, Physical Education, Mathematics and Biology courses. The material was MSCEIT and the 16 PF. The instruments were applied collection was. The results indicated several low positive and negative significant correlations between EI and personality such as Extroversion (r = 0,125*), Softness (r = 0,253**), Tough mindedness (r= -0,193**). The results have showed that there was no equivalence of constructs although it may indicate that some personality traits can contribute to an appropriated achievement in EI.

Marilda Aparecida, Dantas; Ana Paula Porto, Noronha.

2006-04-01

38

Drug misuse and psychopathology: a meta-analysis of 16PF research.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents a meta-analysis of a series of published 16PF findings which describe score profiles of nine groups of substance users/abusers, a nonuser comparison group, seven psychiatric groups, a group of criminals, and a group of gang delinquents. Analytical procedures include K Means Clustering, Cattell's rp statistic, and Pearson r. Although drug use was found to be associated with various forms of psychiatric diagnoses, it was not found to be associated with any particular form of psychopathology. The 16PF profiles of groups of users of different substances were not homogeneous within groups. Some similarity, however, was found among profiles of alcoholics. No evidence could be found to support the contention that groups of substance abusers yield the particular profile pattern on the 16PF that was ascribed to them in an earlier meta-analyses. Due to the inadequacies of the 16PF in diagnosing psychiatric conditions, it is suggested that a more fruitful direction of future research might be to use Cattell's Clinical Analysis Questionnaire (CAQ). PMID:1835964

Spotts, J V; Shontz, F C

1991-09-01

39

Cuestionarios de personalidad de Cattell. 16PF 5ª Edición  

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Abstract: The text presents the theoretical basis and the Spanish adaptation of the 16PF Fifth Edition. A learning guide for the assessment of raw scores and psychological profiles for the practical classes of Psychological Assessment is also included. Resum: El text presenta els fonaments teòrics del qüestionari de personalitat 16PF- cinquena edició. També presenta una guia per aprendre a interpretar els perfils de puntuacions, que s¿utilitza a les classes pràctiques de l¿assigna...

Amador, Juan Antonio

2011-01-01

40

Personality dimensions reflected by the Rorschach and the 16PF.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationships between Rorschach variables and the 16PF in a sample of 62 university students. Good form level was associated with ego strength, and Popular responses were associated inversely with a scale of rebelliousness. The results did not support some hypotheses, for example, that the Difference score, inanimate movement, and diffuse shading would correlate with 16PF indicators of good coping. On the contrary, the Difference score was associated with a scale that suggests anxiety. Further examination revealed that EA, M, and M+ also were associated with 16PF scales of guilt and anxiety. FC+, T, and to a lesser extent S, were associated with indications of good, relatively anxiety-free functioning. PMID:1939719

Greenwald, D F

1991-09-01

 
 
 
 
41

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONALITY, GENDER AND HOTEL DEPARTMENTS: APPLICATION OF 16 PERSONALITY FACTOR QUESTIONNAIRE IN THE ALANYA REGION IN TURKEY  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study evaluates relationship between personality, gender and departments of a random sample of 91 employees working in 5-star hotels in the Alanya Region of Turkey. Evaluation was conducted using Cattell’s 16 PF (Sixteen Personality Factor) questionnaire. T-test assessed the relationship between personality and gender and one-way Anova analysed personality and department relationship. Results indicate that in the relationship between personality and gender there were significant varia...

Cihan Polat; Engin Üngüren; Sevcan Y?ld?z

2009-01-01

42

Reanalyzing the 16PF-5 Second Order Structure: Exploratory versus Confirmatory Factorial Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, the second order structures of the 16PF-5 for 3, 4, 5 and 6 factors are analysed in a sample of 636 undergraduate students and their friends and relatives, with a mean age of 25.09 years (sd: 9.20). A two-stage analysis with Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (EFA and CFA) was performed assigning subjects either to…

Aluja, Anton; Blanch, Angel; Garcia, Luis F.

2005-01-01

43

Inteligência emocional e desempenho no trabalho: um estudo com MSCEIT, BPR-5 e 16PF Emotional intelligence and job performance: a study with MSCEIT, BPR-5 and 16PF  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo investigar a validade de uma medida de inteligência emocional correlacionando-a com medidas de inteligência, personalidade e desempenho profissional. Participaram do estudo 119 sujeitos, com idade entre 17 e 64 anos, de ambos os sexos e que trabalham em empresas situadas em municípios do interior do estado de São Paulo. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: Versão em Português do Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT, o Questionário Dezesseis Fatores da Personalidade (16PF, Bateria de Provas de Raciocínio (BPR-5, Avaliação de Desempenho respondido por duas pessoas (um supervisor e um colega. Os resultados apontam baixa correlação entre inteligência emocional e personalidade, bem como com inteligência. Indicam também que a faceta regulação das emoções se correlaciona com o desempenho profissional e apresenta validade incremental em relação à inteligência. Em suma conclui-se que a inteligência emocional constitui um tipo diferenciado de inteligência útil na avaliação psicológica no contexto organizacional.This research had as objective to investigate the validity of a emotional intelligence measure correlating it with measures of intelligence, personality, and job performance. The participants were 119 subjects, aged 17 to 64 years old, of bothe sex that work in cities industries from the state of São Paulo. The instruments used: the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT, protuguese version, the Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF, the Battery of Reasoning (BPR-5 a performance evaluation made by two persons (supervisor and a colegue. The results show low correlations between emotional intelligence and personality. Also that the branch managing emotions is correlated with job performance and presents validy with the intelligence. In sum it was concluded that emotional intelligence constitutes a differentiated type of intelligence useful for psychological assessment in the context of industrial and organizational psychology.

Cláudia Cobêro

2006-12-01

44

Inteligência emocional e desempenho no trabalho: um estudo com MSCEIT, BPR-5 e 16PF / Emotional intelligence and job performance: a study with MSCEIT, BPR-5 and 16PF  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente trabalho teve como objetivo investigar a validade de uma medida de inteligência emocional correlacionando-a com medidas de inteligência, personalidade e desempenho profissional. Participaram do estudo 119 sujeitos, com idade entre 17 e 64 anos, de ambos os sexos e que trabalham em empresa [...] s situadas em municípios do interior do estado de São Paulo. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: Versão em Português do Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), o Questionário Dezesseis Fatores da Personalidade (16PF), Bateria de Provas de Raciocínio (BPR-5), Avaliação de Desempenho respondido por duas pessoas (um supervisor e um colega). Os resultados apontam baixa correlação entre inteligência emocional e personalidade, bem como com inteligência. Indicam também que a faceta regulação das emoções se correlaciona com o desempenho profissional e apresenta validade incremental em relação à inteligência. Em suma conclui-se que a inteligência emocional constitui um tipo diferenciado de inteligência útil na avaliação psicológica no contexto organizacional. Abstract in english This research had as objective to investigate the validity of a emotional intelligence measure correlating it with measures of intelligence, personality, and job performance. The participants were 119 subjects, aged 17 to 64 years old, of bothe sex that work in cities industries from the state of Sã [...] o Paulo. The instruments used: the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), protuguese version, the Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF), the Battery of Reasoning (BPR-5) a performance evaluation made by two persons (supervisor and a colegue). The results show low correlations between emotional intelligence and personality. Also that the branch managing emotions is correlated with job performance and presents validy with the intelligence. In sum it was concluded that emotional intelligence constitutes a differentiated type of intelligence useful for psychological assessment in the context of industrial and organizational psychology.

Cláudia, Cobêro; Ricardo, Primi; Monalisa, Muniz.

2006-12-01

45

Validity study of the 16PF in terminal air traffic control work  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Personality test scores obtained in 1966 from the 16PF, Form A are compared with supervisory ratings on overall job ability made at least two years later on a sample of 510 terminal area journeymen controllers. Those rated above average were found to differ significantly from those rated below average in ability on one primary personality factor, namely, C (ego strength). Other factors which approached significance are also discussed. The present study represents an attempt to determine whether personality factor scores are valid over longer periods of time in successfully discriminating journeymen terminal controllers rated above and below average in overall ability by their supervisors

46

Personality comparison of airline pilot incumbents, applicants, and the general population norms on the 16PF.  

Science.gov (United States)

Personality comparisons using Cattell's 16PF were made between 137 pilot incumbents, 81 pilot applicants, and the general population norms. No significant differences were found between the scores on the personality factors for the Pilot Incumbents and the Pilot Applicants. Further, the incumbents and applicants who had previous military training versus those who did not had highly similar personalities. However, on nearly every personality factor a significant difference was found between the general population norms and the sample of Pilot Incumbents and Applicants. The Pilot Incumbent/Applicant group scored significantly more intelligent, emotionally stable, and mature in comparison to the general population norms. We believe that it is the high-risk nature of this occupation that leads applicants, wishing to pursue this field, to assess very carefully their own person-job fit and self-select themselves, thus ultimately producing this very distinct "pilot personality profile" described in 1995 by Bartram. PMID:12841441

Wakcher, Sandra; Cross, Kara; Blackman, Melinda C

2003-06-01

47

INCLUSION OF THE LATENT PERSONALITY VARIABLE IN MULTINOMIAL LOGIT MODELS USING THE 16PF PSYCHOMETRIC TEST  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los modelos de demanda de viajes utilizan principalmente los atributos modales y las características socioeconómicas como variables explicativas. También se ha establecido que las actitudes y percepciones influyen en el comportamiento de los usuarios. Sin embargo, las variables psicológicas del individuo condicionan la conducta del usuario. En este estudio se incluyó la variable latente personalidad, en la estimación del modelo híbrido de elección discreta, el cual constituye una buena alternativa para incorporar los efectos de los factores subjetivos. La variable latente personalidad se evaluó con la prueba psicométrica 16PF de validez internacional. El artículo analiza los resultados de la aplicación de este modelo a una población de empleados y docentes universitarios, y también propone un camino para la utilización de pruebas psicométricas en los modelos híbridos de elección discreta. Nuestros resultados muestran que los modelos híbridos que incluyen variables latentes psicológicas son superiores a los modelos tradicionales que ignoran los efectos de la conducta de los usuarios.

JORGE E. C\\u00D3RDOBA MAQUIL\\u00D3N

2012-01-01

48

Latency of auditory P300 correlates with self-control as measured by the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The reception, processing, and storage of information about experience define personality. The present study investigated the relationship between auditory event-related potentials (AERP) and personality traits. The AERP were recorded using a standard auditory oddball paradigm, and personality was evaluated by Cattell's Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) in 20 healthy young male subjects. The P300 latency was found to be significantly associated with rule consciousness (factor G in the 16PF), perfectionism (factor Q3), and self-control (factor SC): it was negatively correlated with G score (r = -0.56, P = 0.01), Q3 score (r = -0.67, P = 0.001), and SC score (r = -0.65, P = 0.002). Moreover, the P300 amplitude and N100 amplitude were negatively correlated with reasoning (factor B; r = -0.46, P = 0.044; and r = -0.72, P = 0.002, respectively). These results indicate that the personality traits of self-control, perfectionism, high superego, and reasoning are related to information processing in the brain. PMID:16048447

Lee, Heon-Jeong; Kim, Leen; Han, Chang-Su; Kim, Yong-Ku; Kim, Seung-Hyun; Lee, Min-Soo; Joe, Sook-Haeng; Jung, In-Kwa

2005-08-01

49

Análisis descriptivo y comparativo del 16PF-5 en muestras americanas y españolas  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

En este trabajo se realiza un estudio descriptivo y comparativo entre las medias del 16PF-5 obtenidas en el estudio de normalización de Conn y Rieke (1994) [Conn, S.R. & Rieke, M.L. (1994). The 16PF Fifth Edition Technical Manual. Champaign, IL: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing, Inc.], el estudio de normalización española de Russell y Karol (1995) [Russell, M.T. and Karol, D.L. (1995). 16PF-5. Manual. Madrid: TEA Ediciones, S.A.], en base a los datos del equipo I+D de TEA Edic...

Aluja Fabregat, Anto?n; Blanch Plana, Angel

2002-01-01

50

The comparability of the constructs of the 16PF in the South African context  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The primary aims of the study were to determine whether the scores of the 16PF (SA92) are comparable in a crosscultural setting in South Africa, and also to investigate the influence of the gender of the research participants on the scores of the 16PF (SA92). The sample consisted of 983 students who were enrolled at different universities at the time of the field work. The statistical methods involved the application of descriptive statistics as well as methods to determine the comparability ...

Abrahams, F.; Mauer, K. F.

1999-01-01

51

Sechzehn Persönlichkeits-Adjektivskalen (16 PA) als Forschungsinstrument anstelle des 16 PF  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In der experimentellen Forschung und in Feldstudien werden Persönlichkeits- unterschiede zu Unrecht meist ganz vernachlässigt oder mit ad hoc zusammen- gestellten Fragen erfaßt. Ein Grund für diese bedauerliche Forschungspraxis dürfte auch der zu große Zeitbedarf etablierter Persönlichkeitsinventare sein, Hier wird nun der Versuch unternommen, parallel zu den Primärfaktoren des 16 PF (Schneewind, Schröder & Cattell, 1983) bipolare Adjektivskalen zu entwerfen, die möglichst gut die i...

Brandsta?tter, Hermann

1988-01-01

52

The comparability of the constructs of the 16PF in the South African context  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The primary aims of the study were to determine whether the scores of the 16PF (SA92 are comparable in a crosscultural setting in South Africa, and also to investigate the influence of the gender of the research participants on the scores of the 16PF (SA92. The sample consisted of 983 students who were enrolled at different universities at the time of the field work. The statistical methods involved the application of descriptive statistics as well as methods to determine the comparability of the constructs. The results showed that although race exercised a considerable influence on the findings, this was not necessarily the case as far as gender was concerned. The presence of problems relating to the construct comparability of the test were also identified, as significant differences in means were found between the different race groups. Some of the implications of persisting with the use of the 16PF (SA92 in the South African context are outlined against the background of recently promulgated labour legislation.

Opsomming
Die primere doelstellings met die onderhawige studie was om die toepaslikheid van die 16PF (SA92 in Suid Afrikaanse konteks met sy diversiteit van kultuurgroepe te evalueer. Die invloed van die geslag van die navorsingsdeelnembers op die resultate is ook nagevors. Die deelnemergroep het bestaan uit 983 studente wat ten tye van die veldwerk aan verskillende universiteite gestudeer het. Benewens normale beskrywende statistiek, is daar ook gebruik gemaak van metodes om konstrukvergelykbaarheid te evalueer. Die bevindings het daarop gedui dat alhoewel ras 'n belangrike invloede op die toetsfaktore uitoefen, dit nie die geval is in soverre dit geslag betref nie. Die teenwoordigheid van probleme het ook ten opsigte van konstrukvergelykbaarheid na vore getree, aangesien betekenis voile verskille tussen gemiddeldes gevind is. Sommige van die implikasies van die volgehoue gebruik van die 16PF (SA92 in Suid Afrika word ook in die lig van die resente arbeidswetgewing bespreek.

F. Abrahams

1999-06-01

53

Medida de la personalidad en los adultos mediante el EQP y el 16PF y su relación con las actiudes sociales  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

En este estudio se pretende averiguar la relación que existe entre las dimensiones de personalidad de Eysenck (Neuroticismo, Extraversión y Psicoticismo) con los 16 factores primarios de Cattell, en una muestra homogénea de personas que no presentan trastornos de personalidad ni psicopatología psiquiátrica. También nos proponemos estudiar la relación entre las actitudes hacia valores sociales (liberalismo-conservadurismo) y la personalidad medida por el EPQ y el 16PF. Los resultados in...

Aluja Fabregat, Anto?n

1995-01-01

54

Inteligência emocional: validade convergente e discriminante do MSCEIT com a BPR-5 e o 16PF / Emotional intelligence: convergent and discriminant validity of the MSCEIT with BPR-5 and 16PF  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A preocupação com a delimitação do construto inteligência emocional foi a principal razão da realização deste trabalho, cujo objetivo foi investigar a validade convergente-discriminante de uma medida de inteligência emocional (MSCEIT), com medidas de personalidade (16PF) e inteligência (BPR-5). A co [...] leta de dados envolveu 107 sujeitos de ambos os sexos, com idades de 17 a 60 anos (M=29,8; DP=9,9), funcionários de empresas de diversos segmentos do interior do Estado de São Paulo. Uma análise fatorial exploratória possibilitou a extração de seis fatores ortogonais (rotação varimax) que foram interpretados como relacionados à inteligência, ao neuroticismo, à área estratégica da inteligência emocional, à extroversão, à área experiencial da inteligência emocional e a uma tendência ativo-agressiva. A análise dos dados permitiu concluir que as medidas de inteligência emocional se apresentaram como um construto distinto das medidas tradicionais de inteligência e personalidade, que se referem à capacidade específica de processamento cognitivo com informações emocionais engastadas. Abstract in english A concern with the delimitation of the emotional intelligence construct was the main reason of the present study, that has investigated the convergent and discriminant validity of a measure of emotional intelligence (MSCEIT) with respect to measures of personality (16PF) and intelligence (BPR-5). Da [...] ta was collected with 107 participants with ages ranging from 17 to 60 (M=29.8; SD=9.9), employees of various enterprises located outside São Paulo State downtown area. An exploratory factor analysis has led to the extraction of six orthogonal factors (varimax rotation) that were interpreted as: intelligence, neuroticism, strategic area of emotional intelligence, extroversion, experiential area of emotional intelligence and an active-aggressive orientation. Data analysis has led to the conclusion that emotional intelligence measures turned out to be distinct of traditional measures of intelligence and personality, referring to the specific capacity of cognitive processing embedded with emotional information.

Ricardo, Primi; José Maurício Haas, Bueno; Monalisa, Muniz.

55

INCLUSION OF THE LATENT PERSONALITY VARIABLE IN MULTINOMIAL LOGIT MODELS USING THE 16PF PSYCHOMETRIC TEST / INCLUSIÓN DE LA VARIABLE LATENTE PERSONALIDAD EN MODELOS LOGIT MULTINOMIAL UTILIZANDO PRUEBA PSICOMÉTRICA 16PF  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in spanish Los modelos de demanda de viajes utilizan principalmente los atributos modales y las características socioeconómicas como variables explicativas. También se ha establecido que las actitudes y percepciones influyen en el comportamiento de los usuarios. Sin embargo, las variables psicológicas del indi [...] viduo condicionan la conducta del usuario. En este estudio se incluyó la variable latente personalidad, en la estimación del modelo híbrido de elección discreta, el cual constituye una buena alternativa para incorporar los efectos de los factores subjetivos. La variable latente personalidad se evaluó con la prueba psicométrica 16PF de validez internacional. El artículo analiza los resultados de la aplicación de este modelo a una población de empleados y docentes universitarios, y también propone un camino para la utilización de pruebas psicométricas en los modelos híbridos de elección discreta. Nuestros resultados muestran que los modelos híbridos que incluyen variables latentes psicológicas son superiores a los modelos tradicionales que ignoran los efectos de la conducta de los usuarios. Abstract in english Travel demand models typically use modal attributes and socioeconomic characteristics as explanatory variables.It has been established that attitudes and perceptions as well as individual psychological variables influencea user's behavior. In this study, the latent personality variable was included [...] in the estimation of a hybrid discrete choice model to incorporate the effects of subjective factors. The latent personality variable was assessed with the 16PF psychometric test,which has been widely use by researchersworldwide. The paper analyzes the results of applying this model to a sample of employees and university professors and proposes a way in which the psychometric tests can be used in hybrid discrete choice models. Our results show that hybrid models that include latent psychological variables are superior to traditional models that ignore the effects of user'sbehavior.

JORGE E., CÓRDOBA MAQUILÓN; G. PATRICIA, JARAMILLO ÁLVAREZ.

2012-08-01

56

Inteligência emocional: validade convergente e discriminante do MSCEIT com a BPR-5 e o 16PF Emotional intelligence: convergent and discriminant validity of the MSCEIT with BPR-5 and 16PF  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A preocupação com a delimitação do construto inteligência emocional foi a principal razão da realização deste trabalho, cujo objetivo foi investigar a validade convergente-discriminante de uma medida de inteligência emocional (MSCEIT, com medidas de personalidade (16PF e inteligência (BPR-5. A coleta de dados envolveu 107 sujeitos de ambos os sexos, com idades de 17 a 60 anos (M=29,8; DP=9,9, funcionários de empresas de diversos segmentos do interior do Estado de São Paulo. Uma análise fatorial exploratória possibilitou a extração de seis fatores ortogonais (rotação varimax que foram interpretados como relacionados à inteligência, ao neuroticismo, à área estratégica da inteligência emocional, à extroversão, à área experiencial da inteligência emocional e a uma tendência ativo-agressiva. A análise dos dados permitiu concluir que as medidas de inteligência emocional se apresentaram como um construto distinto das medidas tradicionais de inteligência e personalidade, que se referem à capacidade específica de processamento cognitivo com informações emocionais engastadas.A concern with the delimitation of the emotional intelligence construct was the main reason of the present study, that has investigated the convergent and discriminant validity of a measure of emotional intelligence (MSCEIT with respect to measures of personality (16PF and intelligence (BPR-5. Data was collected with 107 participants with ages ranging from 17 to 60 (M=29.8; SD=9.9, employees of various enterprises located outside São Paulo State downtown area. An exploratory factor analysis has led to the extraction of six orthogonal factors (varimax rotation that were interpreted as: intelligence, neuroticism, strategic area of emotional intelligence, extroversion, experiential area of emotional intelligence and an active-aggressive orientation. Data analysis has led to the conclusion that emotional intelligence measures turned out to be distinct of traditional measures of intelligence and personality, referring to the specific capacity of cognitive processing embedded with emotional information.

Ricardo Primi

2006-01-01

57

Drugs and personality: comparison of drug users, nonusers, and other clinical groups on the 16PF.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reviews published 16PF research on drug users. It also compares the 16PF scores of a new sample of nonusers with scores of matched groups of heavy, chronic users of cocaine, amphetamine, opiates, and barbiturates/sedative hypnotics, as well as combined groups of stimulant users, depressant users, and a combined group of users of all substances. No significant differences were found among drug user groups, but the profile of the nonuser group was distinctive. K-Means Cluster Analyses, as well as Cattell's Similarity and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficients, were used to compare profiles of these new samples with the 19 groups described in an earlier meta-analysis of published 16PF studies. Data from the new samples did not cluster with data from other published research, although certain specific similarities appeared in more detailed correlational analyses. Methodological problems are discussed, and it is recommended that in future studies drug user groups be more carefully selected and defined, sample descriptions be more thorough and complete, complete profile information be routinely provided, and efforts be made to explore the utility of the Cattell CAQ in studies of drug users/misusers. PMID:1743809

Spotts, J V; Shontz, F C

1991-10-01

58

Mail surveys among college students: do initial responders score differently from nonresponders on the 16PF?  

Science.gov (United States)

A single experiment is reported which investigated possible personality differences between college students who responded to a mail survey and those who did not. 208 college students completed the 16PF as part of a class assignment. Then each student was mailed a survey dealing with either a national or local issue (environmental, media, or sports). Multivariate analysis of the 16 subscales of the 16PF yielded a significant interaction between sex and response type. Subsequent protected univariate analyses identified significant sex x response type interactions on scales Q2 (Self-reliance), F (Liveliness), and O (Apprehension). Mean differences on the Self-reliance and Apprehension were sex differences rather than personality differences between responders and nonresponders. The only mean difference for response type was on Liveliness and applied only to men; responders scored lower than nonresponders. Multivariate analysis of the global scales of the 16PF yielded a significant interaction between sex and response type. Protected univariate analyses indicated a significant interaction between sex and response type on the Extraversion scale and a sex difference; female nonresponders scored higher than male nonresponders. No other comparisons were significant. PMID:10876343

Johnson, J S; Mowrer, R R

2000-06-01

59

Comparison of Anglo- and Mexican-Americans on the 16PF administered in Spanish or English.  

Science.gov (United States)

The 16PF was administered in either Spanish or English to 546 Anglo- or Mexican-Americans separated into three ethnicity/test language groups: Anglos tested in English, Mexican-Americans tested in Spanish, and Mexican-Americans tested in English. Multivariate and univariate statistics revealed significant differences among the three groups. The largest number of scale differences was between Anglos and Mexican-Americans tested in Spanish. The second largest number of differences was found between the two Mexican-American groups, and the smallest number of differences was found between Anglos and Hispanics tested in English. PMID:2286683

Whitworth, R H; Perry, S M

1990-11-01

60

Subjective Ratings of Cattell's 17 Personality Factors  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compares the direct assessment of personality by self-ratings with the less direct assessment by the Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire. The relationships primarily involve indices of social interaction from the 16PF and indices of internal traits from the self-ratings. (Author/DEP)

Friedman, Alan F.; And Others

1976-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

The Five Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire in Norway.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to adapt the Five Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) for use in Norway. Three studies involving three different samples of university students (mean age 22 years, total N = 792) were conducted. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a five factor structure provided an acceptable fit to the data. All five factors loaded significantly on the overall mindfulness factor. As expected, correlations between the FFMQ total scores and subscales were positive and significant, ranging from 0.45 to 0.65. Correlations between FFMQ total/subscales and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) were significant and negative (since low scores on the MAAS indicate high mindfulness), ranging from r = -0.17 to -0.69. The Norwegian FFMQ total score was inversely correlated with all indicators of psychological health: neuroticism (r = -0.61), ruminative tendencies (r = -0.41), self-related negative thinking (r = -0.40), emotion regulation difficulties (r = -0.66) and depression (r = -0.46 to r = -0.65). In contrast to the other FFMQ subscales, the FFMQ Observe subscale did not have a positive relation to psychological health in our mostly non-meditating sample. However, being able to non-judgmentally observe one's inner life and environment is a part of the mindfulness construct that might emerge more clearly with more mindfulness training. We conclude that the Norwegian FFMQ has acceptable psychometric properties and can be recommended for use in Norway, especially in studies seeking to differentiate between different aspects of mindfulness and how these may change over time. PMID:23480438

Dundas, Ingrid; Vøllestad, Jon; Binder, Per-Einar; Sivertsen, Børge

2013-06-01

62

Personality Assessment of Rosebud Sioux: A Comparison of Rorschach, Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory and 16PF Reports.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three standard assessment instruments (Rorschach, Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory and 16PF) were administered to 12 participating Rosebud Sioux Indians--6 males, 6 females. Reports were generated for each instrument. Consensual and unique concepts contained in all the reports were analyzed in order to describe the contents. Six judges, all…

Dana, Richard H.; And Others

63

The personality profile of excellent nurses in China: the 16PF.  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, there has been growing interest in examining the relationship between personality characteristics and nursing service. Nurses' personality characteristics affect nursing quality and contribute toward success in the field of nursing, but little is known about excellent nurses' personality characteristics that promote the quality of nursing care. The purpose of this study was to identify excellent nurses' personality characteristics through comparison and examination of the characteristics between excellent and average nurses. A cross-sectional survey research was conducted with the 16PF. Data were collected from three hospitals in the People's Republic of China. The participants were comprised of a total of 159 excellent (N = 78) and average (N = 81) qualified nurses. Excellent nurses possess higher social boldness, openness to change, self-reliance, perfectionism, and lower dominance, vigilance, shrewdness than average nurses. The study revealed the personality profile of excellent nurses. Nurses may be selected, employed and trained according to the personality characteristics of excellent nurses. Thus nursing strategies should be developed and adjusted to get the right person in the right job the first time. PMID:23485225

Zhang, Li; Liu, Bo; Ren, Hui; Liu, Yu-Fu; Zhang, Yan

2013-02-01

64

Factor Analysis of the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated the factor structure of parent and teacher Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) in a population of 7-9 years old children. For validation purposes, factors derived were correlated with results on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). A three-factor solution was identified on both parent and…

Posserud, Britt; Lundervold, Astri J.; Steijnen, Maaike C.; Verhoeven, Sophie; Stormark, Kjell Morten; Gillberg, Christopher

2008-01-01

65

Inteligência emocional: validade convergente e discriminante do MSCEIT com a BPR-5 e o 16PF Emotional intelligence: convergent and discriminant validity of the MSCEIT with BPR-5 and 16PF  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A preocupação com a delimitação do construto inteligência emocional foi a principal razão da realização deste trabalho, cujo objetivo foi investigar a validade convergente-discriminante de uma medida de inteligência emocional (MSCEIT), com medidas de personalidade (16PF) e inteligência (BPR-5). A coleta de dados envolveu 107 sujeitos de ambos os sexos, com idades de 17 a 60 anos (M=29,8; DP=9,9), funcionários de empresas de diversos segmentos do interior do Estado de São Paulo. Um...

Ricardo Primi; José Maurício Haas Bueno; Monalisa Muniz

2006-01-01

66

Questionnaire survey result on the wedge factor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In April 2001, an over dose irradiation accident happened in Tokyo. In August 2002, we investigated the wedge factor which became the cause of the over dose irradiation accident. The investigation centered around the wedge factor and the measuring method used tissue-peak dose ratio (TPR) 20 and 10 beams. The monitored dose units were calculated and then reconfirmed. The investigation was conducted to 78 institutions in the Kinki region. The answers were received from 61 institutions, and covered 78 equipments units, 40 types (while 6 were unidentified) and 135 beams. Measured acceleration energy varied within 1.0 MV at nominal energy of 4 MV, and varied within 2.8 MV at nominal energy of 10 MV. With regard to the monitor unit (MU) calculation, the institutions over 60% of use radiation treatment planning (RTP). The over half of institutions responses reconfirmed calculation results by the measurement. However, several institutions (13%) make no reconfirmation. Fifty-seven percent of institutions measured the wedge factor by calibration depth. Ninety-seven percent of institutions measure the wedge factor by 10 x 10 cm in a radiation field. All wedge factors were classified in tables according to manufacturers or energies. (author)

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Structure validity of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 in Greek population  

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Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to examine the factor structure of the TFEQ-R18. The project was conducted in Greek population; thus, the questionnaire was translated in Greek language. 495 males and females aged between 12-45 years old participated in the present study. There were used a series of CFA techniques for structure analysis. Confirmatory and exploratory analyses were conducted. Several criteria were used to test the hypotheses factor structures of the AIMS. The results of CFA’s showed that the R-18 item instrument had adequate psychometric properties for measuring three dimensions of eating behavior of the Greek population However these results evealed that an R-16 item instrument was better adapted to the Greek population. The present study provided encouraging preliminary evidence supporting selected psychometric properties of the TFEQ-R18. This instrument seems to be a valid measure of the tendencies of cognitive restraint, uncontrolled eating and emotional eating of Greek population.

MILTIADIS PROIOS

2012-03-01

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Confirmatory factor analysis of the group environment questionnaire with co-acting sports.  

Science.gov (United States)

To assess whether the Group Environment Questionnaire is applicable to athletes in co-acting sports such as track and field, the factor structure of the Group Environment Questionnaire among a heterogeneous sample of 199 co-acting team sport athletes was investigated. A confirmatory factor analysis did not support the hypothesized four-factor model. A subsequent exploratory factor analysis yielded two independent factors that had no interpretable pattern of the four Group Environment Questionnaire factors within them. While this finding requires replication and confirmation, the four-factor model of the Group Environment Questionnaire does not appear to be as valid for co-acting sports as for interacting sports. PMID:11883585

Sullivan, Philip J; Short, Sandra E; Cramer, Kenneth M

2002-02-01

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Factor Structure of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire in Children with Williams Syndrome  

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To examine the factor structure of temperament in 5-10-year-olds with Williams syndrome, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted on the responses of parents of 192 children on the children's behavior questionnaire. Four factors were identified. Two corresponded to factors reported for typically developing children: effortful control and…

Leyfer, Ovsanna; John, Angela E.; Woodruff-Borden, Janet; Mervis, Carolyn B.

2012-01-01

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Validation of a self-administered questionnaire for assessing exposure to back pain mechanical risk factors  

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Objective: To validate a self-administered questionnaire assessing exposure to mechanical risk factors, developed for a cohort study aiming at assessing the influence of physical and psycho-social factors on the incidence of low back pain (LBP). Methods: The study first involved a criterion validity test. A sample of the cohort workers (n=152) was observed at the workplace during four 30 min periods randomly distributed along the shift. At the end of the work shift, the questionnaire was fill...

Somville, Pierre; Nieuwenhuyse, An; Seidel, Laurence; Masschelein, Raphae?l; Moens, Guido; Mairiaux, Philippe

2006-01-01

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Factor Validity of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) in Asynchronous Online Learning Environments (AOLE)  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the factor validity of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) in asynchronous online learning environments. In order to check the factor validity, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted with 193 cases. Using CFA, it was found that the original measurement model fit for…

Cho, Moon-Heum; Summers, Jessica

2012-01-01

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Reliability, validity, and factor structure of the Arabic version of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire.  

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The aim was to examine the psychometric properties of the Arabic 12-item General Health Questionnaire in a sample of university students. A sample of 157 university students was screened using this questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-90. A standardized clinical interview using SCID was conducted on a subset of screened students. Reliability, validity, and factor analysis of the questionnaire were evaluated. Using factor score discrimination between cases and noncases was also evaluated. The Arabic version of the GHQ-12 proved to be reliable as indicated by Cronbach alpha of .86. The best balance between sensitivity and specificity was found at the General Health Questionnaire cut-off point of 15/16: at this threshold, sensitivity was .88 and was paired with a specificity of .84. Principal component analysis with varimax rotation identified three factors, namely, Factor A (general dysphoria), Factor B (lack of enjoyment), and Factor C (social dysfunction). Factors A and C discriminated between clinically distressed and clinically nondistressed subjects. The General Health Questionnaire-12 as a whole is a reliable and valid screening tool in university settings. PMID:11729557

Daradkeh, T K; Ghubash, R; el-Rufaie, O E

2001-08-01

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Common syndrome factors of menopausal syndrome based on questionnaire investigation among experts  

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Full Text Available Objective: To select the common syndrome factors of menopausal syndrome through questionnaire investigation among experts.Methods: Firstly, a questionnaire was constructed on the basis of our previous research, and then investigation of the experts by the questionnaire was carried out. The experts came from twelve tertiary hospitals (6 cities in China, and engaged in clinical practice of gynecology of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM or integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine. The common TCM syndrome factors of menopausal syndrome were selected based on consent degree of the experts in mean value, full marks ratio, rank sum and variation coefficient.Results: One hundred sets of the questionnaires were sent out and ninety-eight sets were returned back. The callback rate was 98%. In accordance with cumulative percentage of expert agreement and complete agreement more than 50% and the coefficient variation less than 0.25, we confirmed the common TCM syndrome factors of menopause syndrome. The syndrome factors related to disease location were kidney, liver, heart, and spleen, and those related to the nature of disease were yin deficiency, deficiency of essence, yang deficiency, hyperactivity of yang, qi deficiency, qi stagnation, blood deficiency, and blood stasis.Conclusion: Expert consultation questionnaire can collect consensus opinions of experts and is effective for identifying common TCM syndrome factors of a disease. The TCM syndrome factors acquired through the study may provide the evidence for establishment of TCM syndrome diagnosis criteria for the disease in future.

Cai-feng Du

2010-08-01

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Temperament factor structure in fragile X syndrome: the children's behavior questionnaire.  

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Early patterns of temperament lay the foundation for a variety of developmental constructs such as self-regulation, psychopathology, and resilience. Children with fragile X syndrome (FXS) display unique patterns of temperament compared to age-matched clinical and non-clinical samples, and early patterns of temperament have been associated with later anxiety in this population. Despite these unique patterns in FXS and recent reports of atypical factor structure of temperament questionnaires in Williams Syndrome (Leyfer, John, Woodruff-Borden, & Mervis, 2012), no studies have examined the latent factor structure of temperament scales in FXS to ensure measurement validity in this sample. The present study used confirmatory factor analysis to examine the factor structure of a well-validated parent-reported temperament questionnaire, the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (Rothbart, Ahadi, Hershey, & Fisher, 2001), in a sample of 90 males with FXS ages 3-9 years. Our data produced a similar, but not identical, three-factor model that retained the original CBQ factors of negative affectivity, effortful control, and extraversion/surgency. In particular, our FXS sample demonstrated stronger factor loadings for fear and shyness than previously reported loadings in non-clinical samples, consistent with reports of poor social approach and elevated anxiety in this population. Although the original factor structure of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire is largely retained in children with FXS, differences in factor loading magnitudes may reflect phenotypic characteristics of the syndrome. These findings may inform future developmental and translational research efforts. PMID:24380785

Roberts, Jane E; Tonnsen, Bridgette L; Robinson, Marissa; McQuillin, Samuel D; Hatton, Deborah D

2014-02-01

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Association Between Questionnaire- and Accelerometer-Assessed Physical Activity: The Role of Sociodemographic Factors  

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The correlation between objective and self-reported measures of physical activity varies between studies. We examined this association and whether it differed by demographic factors or socioeconomic status (SES). Data were from 3,975 Whitehall II (United Kingdom, 2012-2013) participants aged 60-83 years, who completed a physical activity questionnaire and wore an accelerometer on their wrist for 9 days. There was a moderate correlation between questionnaire- and accelerometer-assessed physica...

Sabia, S.; Hees, V. T.; Shipley, M. J.; Trenell, M. I.; Hagger-johnson, G.; Elbaz, A.; Kivimaki, M.; Singh-manoux, A.

2014-01-01

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Developing a precise questionnaire to elucidate risk factors and injury pattern in RTA victims  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Road traffic injuries are a growing public health issue. Despite good numbers of traffic legislations/ law/bye-laws/ regulations/ policies at the national/ state level and various safety measures to prevent road accidents/ mishaps, awareness remains comparatively low in India. Till date no questionnaire has been suitably developed, standardized and positivised for determining association of causality with injury pattern and severity score. Objective: To design and develop a précised survey questionnaire determining association of causality with injury pattern along with severity score in RTA victims.  Methodology: Till date no such study has been ventured which has observed the inter relationship of these factors resulting in a specific injury. Designed questionnaire was based on literature review, and updated several times to ensure the precision and agreement with the help of institutional trauma expert team. As a pilot study, 30 RTA victims admitted in trauma centre of KG Medical University were enrolled and designed questionnaire was tested for easiness and doubts. The results were thoroughly analyzed for item difficulty, precision and internal consistency. Results: A significant agreement of question pertaining to speed (k=0.99, CI=0.95, visibility (k=0.87, alcohol (k=0.65 in the questionnaire. Questions related to environment, driver, vehicle and road factors show a significant consistency (p>0.05 as cause of accidents. Test of agreements done by Kappa showed in variables having value more than 0.60 except few variables. Discussion: The designed questionnaire is precise, reasonably reliable in perfect agreement. This questionnaire should emerge a useful tool in determining the association of risk factors with injury pattern and severity. 

RK Singh

2013-12-01

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Psychometric properties evaluation of a new ergonomics-related job factors questionnaire developed for nursing workers.  

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The objectives of this study were to develop a questionnaire that evaluates the perception of nursing workers to job factors that may contribute to musculoskeletal symptoms, and to evaluate its psychometric properties. Internationally recommended methodology was followed: construction of domains, items and the instrument as a whole, content validity, and pre-test. Psychometric properties were evaluated among 370 nursing workers. Construct validity was analyzed by the factorial analysis, known-groups technique, and convergent validity. Reliability was assessed through internal consistency and stability. Results indicated satisfactory fit indices during confirmatory factor analysis, significant difference (p < 0.01) between the responses of nursing and office workers, and moderate correlations between the new questionnaire and Numeric Pain Scale, SF-36 and WRFQ. Cronbach's alpha was close to 0.90 and ICC values ranged from 0.64 to 0.76. Therefore, results indicated that the new questionnaire had good psychometric properties for use in studies involving nursing workers. PMID:24931478

Coluci, Marina Zambon Orpinelli; Alexandre, Neusa Maria Costa

2014-11-01

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Time Diary and Questionnaire Assessment of Factors Associated with Academic and Personal Success among University Undergraduates  

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Objective and Participants: A sample of 231 students attending a private liberal arts university in central Alberta, Canada, completed a 5-day time diary and a 71-item questionnaire assessing the influence of personal, cognitive, and attitudinal factors on success. Methods: The authors used 3 success measures: cumulative grade point average (GPA),…

George, Darren; Dixon, Sinikka; Stansal, Emory; Gelb, Shannon Lund; Pheri, Tabitha

2008-01-01

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Factor Structure of Forgivingness Questionnaire in Iran and its Relation with Mental Health  

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Full Text Available "n Objective: "n The Forgivingness questionnaire has been designed to assessforgivingness in a variety of cultural contexts. This questionnaire was based on common Western conceptualizations of forgiveness. In Western communities, when one is the victim of an intentional offense, a feeling of resentment seems logical. The intensity and duration of this feeling of resentment usually depends on the circumstances of the offense, the attitude of the offender and the personality of the victim. This study explored the factor structure of forgiveness in an Iranian sample and the relationship between forgiveness and mental health among the Iranian participants . "nMethod: Two hundred ninety two university students participated in this study. The Forgivingness Questionnaire and General Health Questionnaire were used "nResults: The forgivingness items indicated Cronbach's alpha of .94 for the total scale. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted on the raw data for the whole sample. Using the scree test, three interpretable factors emerged that accounted for %66.34 of the variance. Correlation coefficients between FQ and GHQ (r = -0.59, p< 0.01. "nConclsusion: Our results were consistent with what had been obtained in several European and Asian samples. However, they were different from the findings of Kadiangandu et al., who reported two factors in their Congo sample: revenge versus forgiveness and personal and social circumstances.

Javad Molazadeh

2008-08-01

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Design, Application, and Factor Structure of a Cultural Capital Questionnaire: Predicting Foreign Language Attributions and Achievement  

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Culture, as a variable which explains a great part of individual differences, has proved to be effective in defining the factors to which individuals ascribe their success or failure. This study introduced a completely new perspective to the relationship between culture and foreign language attributions by making reference to Bourdieu’s concept of cultural capital. To this aim, a questionnaire for measuring cultural capital was designed, applied, and validated. The Factorability of the i...

Reza Zabihi; Mojtaba Pordel

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Risk factors associated with bovine trichomoniasis in beef cattle identified by a questionnaire.  

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Bovine trichomoniasis is a venereal disease that causes substantial economic losses to the cattle industry worldwide. It has been endemic in the USA since its discovery in the 1930s. The reasons for this long-lasting endemism are poorly understood. The main objective of this study was to identify herd-level risk factors for trichomoniasis in Wyoming beef cattle. A questionnaire was sent to all Wyoming beef cattle producers. The overall response proportion was 23.4?%. Questionnaires were returned from producers throughout the state in different geographical regions and with various herd sizes. In total, 863 questionnaires were analysed for correlation between the disease endemism and 25 variables. Tritrichomonas foetus infections were found to be significantly (P0.078). This study provides producers with valuable information and useful suggestions on how to effectively control and reduce the risks of bovine trichomoniasis. PMID:24623635

Jin, Yinzhu; Schumaker, Brant; Logan, Jim; Yao, Chaoqun

2014-06-01

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An inter-battery factor analysis of the comrey personality scales and the 16 personality factor questionnaire  

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Full Text Available The scores of 700 Afrikaans-speaking university students on the Comrey Personality Scales and the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire were subjected to an inter-battery factor analysis. This technique uses only the correlations between two sets of variables and reveals only the factors that they have in common. Three of the Big Five personality factors were revealed, namely Extroversion, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness. However, the Conscientiousness factor contained a relatively strong unsocialised component and in this regard it is similar to Eysencks Psychoticism factor. The results support the construct validity of the Comrey Personality Scales and the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire. Implications for personality questionnaire design and validation are discussed.

Opsomming

Die tellings van 700 Afrikaanssprekende universiteitstudente vir die Comrey Persoonlikheidskale en die 16 Per- soonlikheidsfaktorvraelys is aan 'n interbattery-faktorontleding onderwerp. Hierdie tegniek gebruik slegs die korrelasies tussen twee stelle veranderlikes en ontbloot slegs faktore wat die twee stelle veranderlikes gemeen het. Drie van die faktore van die vyfFaktormodel is blootgele, naamlik Ekstroversie, Neurotisisme en Konsensieusheid. Die Konsensieusheidsfaktor het ook n relatief sterk ongesosialiseerdheidskomponent ingesluit en in hierdie sin is dit soortgelyk aan Eysenck se Psigotisisme faktor. Die resultate ondersteun die konstrukgeldigheid van die Comrey Persoonlikheidskale en die 16 Persoonlikheidsfaktorvraelys. Implikasies vir die ontwerp en validering van persoonlikheidstoetse word bespreek.

Gideon P. de Bruin

2000-06-01

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Common experiences of pain in children and adolescents--an exploratory factor analysis of a questionnaire.  

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The aim of the study was to reduce everyday and dental treatment pain items included in the extended Children's Pain Inventory (CPI), used in a prior study on Swedish children and adolescents. Another aim was to, by means of exploratory factor analysis (EFA), expose hitherto undiscovered dimensions of the CPI pain variables and thus to improve the psychometric properties of CPI. As some pain items are relevant merely to some individuals, a new and more useful questionnaire construction would enhance the internal validity of the instrument in observational surveys. EFA was applied on the extended CPI instrument. 368 children, 8-19 years old, had answered a questionnaire comprising 10 dental and 28 everyday pain variables. These pain items were analysed using a series of sequentially implemented EFA. Interpretations and decisions on the final number of the extracted factors was based on accepted principles; Kaiser's Eigenvalue >1 criterion, inspection of the scree plot and the interpretability of the items loading. The factors were orthogonally rotated using the Varimax method to maximize the amount of variance. Of all tested EFA models in the analysis, a two, three, four, and five factor model surfaced. The interpretability of the factors and their items loading were stepwise examined; the items were modulated and the factors re-evaluated. A four factor pain model emerged as the most interpretable, explaining 79% of the total variance depicting Eigenvalues > 1.014. The factors were named indicating the profile of the content: Factor I cutting trauma to skin/mucosal pain, Factor II head/neck pain, Factor III tenderness/blunt trauma pain, Factor IV oral/dental treatment pain. PMID:23721035

Krekmanova, Larisa; Hakeberg, Magnus; Robertson, Agneta; Klingberg, Gunilla

2013-01-01

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Factor structure and validity of the Medication Adherence Questionnaire (MAQ) with cigarette smokers trying to quit  

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The Medication Adherence Questionnaire (MAQ) is a scale used to evaluate adherence to medications. The present study assessed the factor structure and validity of the MAQ with cigarette smokers. A principal components analysis was conducted on MAQ scores from a sample of smokers presenting for treatment in a clinical trial of naltrexone and nicotine patch for smoking cessation (N=385). Indices of convergent and predictive validity were tested using electronic medication caps for naltrexone, n...

Toll, Benjamin A.; Mckee, Sherry A.; Martin, Daniel J.; Jatlow, Peter; O’malley, Stephanie S.

2007-01-01

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The Prenatal Distress Questionnaire: an investigation of factor structure in a high risk population  

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Background: The Prenatal Distress Questionnaire (PDQ) is a short measure designed to assess specific worries and concerns related to pregnancy. The aim of this study was to confirm the factor structure of the PDQ in a group of pregnant women with a small for gestational age infant (< 10th centile). Methods: The first PDQ assessment for each of 337 pregnant women participating in the Prospective Observational Trial to Optimise paediatric health (PORTO) study was analysed. All women enrolled in...

Alderdice, F.; Savage-mcglynn, E.; Martin, C.; Mcauliffe, F.; Hunter, A.; Unterscheider, J.; Daly, S.; Geary, M.; Kennelly, M.; O Donoghue, K.; Morrison, Jj; Burke, G.; Dicker, P.; Tully, E.; Malone, F.

2013-01-01

86

A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Motivated Self-regulated Learning Questionnaire in an EFL Context  

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Full Text Available The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ is an instrument for measuring motivation and learning strategies in general education. This instrument is modular, consisting of motivation and learning strategies modules. This study sought to see whether the learning strategies module of this instrument can be applied to the context of English Language Learning (EFL. For this purpose, the instrument was administered to a group of Iranian EFL college students (n=190 as well as a group of Iranian computer science students (n=74. The validity of the learning strategies module of this instrument in the new context was studied by analyzing the factor structure of responses made to it. Confirmatory factor analysis was run to perform a factor analysis of the data. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed identical factor structures for EFL and general education contexts, suggesting that MSLQ is a valid measurement instrument in determining EFL college students' study strategies as well.

Mohammad Ali Ayatollahi

2011-10-01

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Factor Structure of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire in Children with Williams Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

To examine the factor structure of temperament in 5 – 10-year-olds with Williams syndrome (WS), an exploratory factor analysis was conducted on the responses of parents of 192 children on the Children’s Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ). Four factors were identified. Two corresponded to factors reported for typically developing children: Effortful Control and Extraversion/Surgency and two corresponded to the temperament constructs of withdrawal/inhibition and irritability/frustration and activity, observed in typically-developing infants. Parents of 109 of the 192 participants also completed the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule, Parent version. Children with an anxiety disorder other than specific phobia differed significantly from children without an anxiety disorder on all factors except Extraversion/Surgency. Children with ADHD differed significantly from children without ADHD on Effortful Control and Extraversion/Surgency. PMID:22371147

Leyfer, Ovsanna; John, Angela E.; Woodruff-Borden, Janet; Mervis, Carolyn B.

2012-01-01

88

Development and factor analysis of the Coaching and Athletic Training Questionnaire.  

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To explore athletes' perceptions related to coaching and athletic training care, the Coaching and Athletic Training Questionnaire was developed. A 10-item version was administered to 708 varsity athletes from three Division I universities in the National Collegiate Athletic Association. 341 women and 344 men completed questionnaires. Data from half of the sample of 685 were used for an exploratory factor analysis using principal components analysis with oblique rotation and the second half for a confirmatory factor analysis. Analyses yielded three interpretable factors, accounting for 68% of the variance, which were labeled Comfort with Athletic Trainer or Coach, Sex Influence on Quality of Care, and Athletic Trainer Preference. Multivariate analysis of variance indicated that factor scores of women and men differed significantly, and at followup women and men differed significantly on Comfort with Athletic Trainer or Coach, but the small effect size minimizes its meaningfulness. No significant difference was noted for the other two factors. It appears coaches should be sensitive and available in case of injury or other need. Athletes' perceived quality of care by athletic trainers does not appear related to sex of athlete or trainer. PMID:18986035

Drummond, Jan L; Hostetter, Karen S; Ploeger, Robin L

2008-08-01

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Factor analysis of social capital questionnaire used in Urban HEART study in Tehran  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Social capital composed of networks, norms and values, which facilitates cooperation within and between groups to achieve mutual benefits and common goals. Social capital increases the benefits of investing in physical and human capital. In a society that favors more social capital, collaboration is easier. This study investigates the validity and reliability of a social capital tool, which had been administered through a large population-based survey using factor analysis. Materials and Methods: Data were obtained from Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool (Urban HEART-1 survey in Tehran. Factor analysis is a method of discovering structural position of variables to reduce them into a limited number of components which are more fundamental. The reliability of the questionnaire and main components of the tool were investigated through factor analysis. Results: According to factor analysis, three main components of social capital including, individual trust, cohesion/ social support and social trust/associative relations, were recognized. These three components explained 66.14% of total variance of the social capital tool. Also, overall Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.88 which indicates high reliability of the questionnaire. Conclusion: Social capital tool, which was administered in Urban HEART project, covers the main components of social capital framework with high reliability and validity, which is suitable to be used in other population-based surveys.

Mohsen Asadilari

2012-10-01

90

The factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ in Greek adolescents  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ is a practical, economic and user-friendly screening instrument of emotional and behavioural problems in children and adolescents. This study was aimed primarily at evaluating the factor structure of the Greek version of the SDQ. Methods A representative nationwide sample of 1,194 adolescents (11 to 17 years old completed the questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was conducted to assess the factor structure of the SDQ. Results CFA supported the original five-factor structure. The modification of the model provided some improvements. Internal consistency was acceptable for total difficulties, emotional symptoms and prosocial behaviour scale, moderate for hyperactivity/inattention scale and inadequate for peer and conduct problems scale. Older adolescents (aged 15 to 17 years reported more hyperactivity/inattention and conduct problems than younger ones (aged 11 to 14 years and girls reported more emotional symptoms and less prosocial behaviour problems than boys. Adolescents of low socioeconomic status (SES reported more difficulties than those of medium and high SES. Conclusion The Greek SDQ could be potentially considered as a community-wide screening instrument for adolescents' emotional and behavioural problems.

Rotsika Vasiliki

2009-08-01

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Childhood Trauma Questionnaire: Factor structure, measurement invariance, and validity across emotional disorders.  

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To study the psychometric properties of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), we determined its dimensional structure, measurement invariance across presence of emotional disorders, the association of the CTQ-SF with an analogous interview-based measure (CTI) across presence of emotional disorders, and the incremental value of combining both instruments in determining associations with severity of psychopathology. The sample included 2,308 adults, ages 18-65, consisting of unaffected controls and chronically affected and intermittently affected persons with an emotional disorder at Time 0 (T0) or 4 years later at T4. Childhood maltreatment was measured at T0 with an interview and at T4 with the CTQ-SF. At each wave, patients were assessed for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., or DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994)-based emotional disorders (Composite Interview Diagnostic Instrument) and symptom severity (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Fear Questionnaire). Besides the correlated original 5-factor solution, an indirect higher order and direct bifactorial model also showed a good fit to the data. The 5-factor solution proved to be invariant across disordered-control comparison groups. The CTQ-SF was moderately associated with the CTI, and this association was not attenuated by disorder status. The CTQ-SF was more sensitive in detecting emotional abuse and emotional neglect than the CTI. Combined CTQ-SF/CTI factor scores showed a higher association with severity of psychopathology. We conclude that although the original 5-factor model fits the data well, results of the hierarchical analyses suggest that the total CTQ scale adequately captures a broad dimension of childhood maltreatment. A 2-step measurement approach in the assessment of childhood trauma is recommended in which screening by a self-report questionnaire is followed by a (semi-)structured diagnostic interview. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24773037

Spinhoven, Philip; Penninx, Brenda W; Hickendorff, Marian; van Hemert, Albert M; Bernstein, David P; Elzinga, Bernet M

2014-09-01

92

A factor analytic examination of the achievement goal questionnaire-revised supports a three-factor model.  

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Summary.-The literature in achievement goals includes mixed results as to the factor structure of achievement goal measures, particularly the Achievement Goal Questionnaire-Revised (AGQ-R). In a sample of 1,496 undergraduate students (600 men, 891 women, 5 unreported sex; M age = 20.6 yr., SD = 3.2), the AGQ-R was subjected to an exploratory factor analysis that suggested three factors. Then, in a different sample of 1,125 undergraduate students (270 men, 750 women, 5 unreported sex; M age = 21.7 yr., SD = 5.4), the measure was subjected to a confirmatory factor analysis, in which a three-factor solution, again, showed the best fit to the observed data. The implications of these results for the measurement of achievement goals are discussed. PMID:25259938

Strunk, Kamden K

2014-10-01

93

Utility of a questionnaire of prognostic factors in the evaluation of patient with rheumatoid arthritis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There are few studies that have demonstrated the usefulness of prognostic factors in patients with RA using only variables commonly recorded in the clinical records at the beginning of the disease. The aim of our study was to elaborate a simple questionnaire (PPS: Poor Prognosis Score) to evaluate risk factors at the beginning of the illness classifying it in a mild, moderate or severe. We want to know if this simple questionnaire correlates with known variables of worst outcome such as incapacity, mortality, utilization of health services and surgery. Prognostic factors that have shown an association with the worse outcome of RA in different studies were revised. According to literature and published relative risks (RR) of associations, these can be classified as mild (RR 2.0 and 3.0). In accordance with the levels of association, scores were given to the risk factors being 1 for those prognostic factors with mild association, 2 for those with moderate association, and 3 for those strongly associated with a poor prognosis. The PPS was created with the scores assigned. We excluded from the questionnaire variables not use ID a routine practice in our country such as HLA or although available of high cost for our country as the anti-citrulline antibodies. The chosen variables for the questionnaire were: Mild association: (1 point) age, sex, menopause, smoking, incomplete high school, low socioeconomic status, and depression. Mow socioeconomic status, and depression. Moderate association: (2 points) ESR more than 40, C- Reactive protein 6 mg/dl, knee, elbows and, hands inflammation, and duration of RA more than 6 months without a DMARd treatment. Strong association: (3 points) Rheumatoid factor, presence of hand X- ray hand joints more than 20 joints affected at the beginning of disease, HAQ more than 1, and presence of extraarticular manifestations. Patients were classified in mild RA if the score were less than 10 points, moderate RA between 11 and 20 points and severe RA if the score was more than 20 points (best, no points, worst: 30 points). Questionnaire was applied to clinical records of patients. Those without all the information required were excluded from the analysis. We use EPIINFO 6.4 for the analysis and compare this classification against outcome variables. At the moment, 80 questionnaires have been applied. The patients are classified as with mild RA (25%), moderate RA (65 %), or severe RA (10%). A higher score of PPS, correlated significantly with the social status (P:0.04), involvement of knees, elbows, and hands (P: 0.0008), Longer time RA without treatment (P:0.0007),HAQ more than 1 (P:0.0001), positive rheumatoid factor (0.0008), and x-ray hand erosions (P:0.00003). When compare the groups according level of discapacity (HAQ score) comparing mild against moderate or severe RA and we found correlation with female sex (P:0.04), and more than 20 joints involved with synovitis (P:0.001). There was no association with other variables of outcome. A higher score of PPS correlated with different variables from a higher score of HAQ, which suggest and evaluation of different aspects of RA. The variables that correlated were of 3 points at PPS as erosions RF and a higher score from HAQ, or of 2 points as involvement of knees, elbows or hands and longer duration of RA without treatment. A low Socioeconomic status although has a low score at PPS (1 point) showed a significantly correlation with variables associated with severe AR according to PPS suggesting a strong relationship of poverty and bad prognosis of RA

94

Exploring the factor structure of the Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait in Cuban adults  

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Full Text Available Food cravings refer to an intense desire to eat specific foods. The Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait (FCQ-T is the most commonly used instrument to assess food cravings as a multidimensional construct. Its 39 items have an underlying nine-factor structure for both the original English and Spanish version; but subsequent studies yielded fewer factors. As a result, a 15-item version of the FCQ-T with one-factor structure has been proposed (FCQ-T-reduced; see this Research Topic. The current study aimed to explore the factor structure of the Spanish version for both the FCQ-T and FCQ-T-reduced in a sample of 1241 Cuban adults. Results showed a four-factor structure for the FCQ-T, which explained 55 % of the variance. Factors were highly correlated. Using the items of the FCQ-T-reduced only showed a one-factor structure, which explained 52% of the variance. Both versions of the FCQ-T were positively correlated with body mass index, scores on the Food Thoughts Suppression Inventory and weight cycling. In addition, women had higher scores than men and restrained eaters had higher scores than unrestrained eaters. To summarize, results showed that 1 the FCQ-T factor structure was significantly reduced in Cuban adults and 2 the FCQ-T-reduced may represent a good alternative to efficiently assess food craving on a trait level.

BorisC.Rodríguez-Martín

2014-03-01

95

Development of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ): a factor/facet version of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ).  

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The development of a new 200-item questionnaire based on the theoretical constructs of the alternative Five-factor model of personality is described. We developed the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ) from an initial pool of 537 items. Its final version includes 5 factors with 4 facets per factor and 10 items per facet. Internal consistencies were adequate particularly for the factors. The 1 factor confirmatory factor analyses showed satisfactory goodness-of-fit indexes, but not for the 5 factor simple structure. When incorporating the secondary loadings and the correlated error terms, the model fit improved. A multigroup analysis showed gender differences for the factors Sensation Seeking, Neuroticism, Aggressiveness, and Activity for the Spanish-speaking sample but only for Aggressiveness in the English-speaking sample. We assessed the convergent and discriminant validity of the ZKA-PQ by inspecting correlations with shortened versions of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992) and Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (Cloninger, 1999) in 2 independent and additional samples. This new instrument may be useful for basic and applied research, including normal personality, psychobiology of personality, personality and clinical disorders, and industrial-organizational psychology. PMID:20706928

Aluja, Anton; Kuhlman, Michael; Zuckerman, Marvin

2010-09-01

96

Questionnaire survey on factors influencing comfort with indoor environmental quality in Danish housing  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A questionnaire survey in Danish homes investigated the factors that influence occupants’ comfort. The questionnaire contained questions on inhabitants’ behaviour, their knowledge as regards building systems designed for controlling the indoor environment and the ways in which they achieve comfort. A total of 2499 questionnaires were sent to inhabitants of the most common types of housing in Denmark; 645 persons replied (response rate of 26%). The results show that the main indoor environmental parameters (visual, acoustic and thermal conditions, and air quality) are considered by occupants to be the most important parameters determining comfort. Manual control of the indoor environment was indicated by the respondents as highly preferred, and only in the case of temperature did they accept both manual and automatic control. The respondents indicated that they were confident about how the systems for controlling indoor environmental quality in their homes should be used. 54% of them reported to have had at least one problem related to the indoor environment at home. A majority of those respondents did not try to search for information on how to solve the problem. This may suggest that there is a need for increasing people’s awareness regarding the consequences of a poor indoor environment on their health and for improving people’s knowledge on how to ensure a good indoor climate.

Frontczak, Monika Joanna; Andersen, Rune Vinther

2012-01-01

97

Factor analysis of the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire in a large sample of children.  

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How parents feed their children may impact on their weight and eating behaviours, both now and in the future. The Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ) proposes to measure parental feeding practices and was originally developed using 12 factors in relatively small, homogenous samples. In contrast the present study used a large, diverse sample (n=1013) of children aged 4-8years. A confirmatory factor analysis showed that the original 12-factor model was not a good fit and that several factors were strongly inter-correlated. A subsequent exploratory factor analysis yielded five scales of interest: Healthy Eating Guidance, Monitoring, Parent Pressure, Restriction and Child Control. These scales were largely supported by further analyses in these data. Parents who were concerned about their child being overweight reported more Healthy Eating Guidance and Restriction and less Parent Pressure, whereas parents concerned about their child being underweight used more Parent Pressure and less Healthy Eating Guidance. Parents who rated a healthy diet for their child as very important undertook more Healthy Eating Guidance and Monitoring of food intake and less Child Control. These five factors from the CFPQ provide a well-supported and useful set of feeding practices that could be applicable to a wide variety of population groups. PMID:23207187

Haszard, Jillian J; Williams, Sheila M; Dawson, Anna M; Skidmore, Paula M L; Taylor, Rachael W

2013-03-01

98

Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) in Brazilian Samples of Different Age Groups: Findings from Confirmatory Factor Analysis  

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The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) is internationally accepted as a key tool for the assessment of childhood abuse and neglect experiences. However, there are relative few psychometric studies available and some authors have proposed two different factor solutions. We examined the dimensional structure and internal consistency of the Brazilian version of the CTQ. A total of 1,925 participants from eight different clinical and non-clinical samples including adolescents, adults and elders were considered in this study. First, we performed Confirmatory Factor Analysis to investigate the goodness of fit of the two proposed competitive factor structure models for the CTQ. We also investigated the internal consistency of all factors. Second, multi-group analyses were used to investigate measurement invariance and population heterogeneity across age groups and sex. Our findings revealed that the alternative factor structure as opposed to the original factor structure was the most appropriate model within adolescents and adults Brazilian samples. We provide further evidence for the validity and reliability of the CTQ within the Brazilian samples and report that the alternative model showed an improvement in fit indexes and may be a better alternative over the original model. PMID:24475237

Grassi-Oliveira, Rodrigo; Cogo-Moreira, Hugo; Salum, Giovanni Abrahao; Brietzke, Elisa; Viola, Thiago Wendt; Manfro, Gisele Gus; Kristensen, Christian Haag; Arteche, Adriane Xavier

2014-01-01

99

Examining the factor structures of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire and the self-compassion scale.  

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The five facet mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ; Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006) and the self-compassion scale (SCS; Neff, 2003) are widely used measures of mindfulness and self-compassion in mindfulness-based intervention research. The psychometric properties of the FFMQ and the SCS need to be independently replicated in community samples and relevant clinical samples to support their use. Our primary aim was to establish the factor structures of the FFMQ and SCS in individuals with recurrent depression in remission, since mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) was developed as a treatment for preventing depressive relapse. In order to determine the consistency across populations, we examined the factor structures of the FFMQ and SCS in 3 samples: (1) a convenience sample of adults, (2) a sample of adults who practice meditation, and (3) a sample of adults who suffer from recurrent depression and were recruited to take part in a trial of MBCT. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) showed that a 4-factor hierarchical model of the FFMQ best fits the community sample and the clinical sample but that a 5-factor hierarchical model of the FFMQ best fits the meditator sample. CFA did not endorse the SCS 6-factor hierarchical structure in any of the 3 samples. Clinicians and researchers should be aware of the psychometric properties of the FFMQ to measure mindfulness when comparing meditators and nonmeditators. Further research is needed to develop a more psychometrically robust measure of self-compassion. PMID:24490681

Williams, Matthew J; Dalgleish, Tim; Karl, Anke; Kuyken, Willem

2014-06-01

100

Factor structure and reliability of the 12-item Sinhala version of General Health Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ is widely used to detect common psychiatric disorders. Even though the GHQ 12 has been validated for many countries, psychometric properties in relation to the Sinhala speaking Sri Lankan population lack conclusive evidence. Objective: To determine the factor structure and the reliability of the Sinhala version of GHQ 12. Methods: This was a descriptive study including 385 patients with in the age range of 18 to 75 years, attending the Out Patient Department of Colombo North Teaching Hospital, Ragama, Sri Lanka, between June 2009 to September 2010. Sinhala version of GHQ-12 was completed by the participants. Each item of the GHQ was rated on a four-point scale (0-1-2-3. Factor analyses were performed by applying Generalized Least Squares method using oblimin rotation. The internal consistency was assessed by calculating Cronbach’s ? coefficient.Results: Median age of the study population was 32.5 years (IQR= 21years and the median GHQ score was 9 (IQR=7. The GHQ 12 yielded two factor solutions. Factor I (Depression and Anxiety accounted for 88% of the total explained variance and Factor II (Social dysfunction 12%. Forty five percent (45% of the total variance could be explained by the two extracted factors. There was a clear distinction between the items that loaded on the two factors. The correlation coefficient between the factors I and II was 0.65. The Cronbach's alpha of GHQ 12 was 0.88, which indicated satisfactory internal consistency. Conclusions: GHQ 12 displays adequate reliability and validity for use in the Sinhala speaking primary care attendees of Colombo North Teaching Hospital for assessing psychiatric disorders.

Chrishantha Abeysena

2012-08-01

 
 
 
 
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Propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Tres Factores de la Alimentación (TFEQ) / Psychometric properties of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito de esta investigación fue evaluar la consistencia interna, el análisis de factores y la validez de criterio de tipo concurrente y discriminante del Cuestionario de Tres Factores de la Alimentación (TFEQ). Participaron 604 mujeres (x? = 20.28, DE = 5.70), quienes completaron una batería [...] de cuestionarios: TFEQ, Cuestionario de Actitudes ante la Alimentación (EAT-40) y Cuestionario de Bulimia (BULIT). Los resultados señalan un coeficiente de consistencia interna adecuada (? =.87) y una estructura factorial de dos factores (restricción alimentaria y desinhibición), los cuales explican el 30 % de la varianza total. Los análisis de la validez concurrente y discriminante, muestran datos satisfactorios. Por tanto, el TFEQ es un instrumento adecuado para evaluar la patología alimentaria. Abstract in english The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the internal consistency, the factor analysis and the concurrent and discriminate validity of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ). 604 women (x? = 20.28, SD = 5.70), completed TFEQ, Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40) and Bulimia Test (BULIT). Re [...] sults showed an appropriate internal consistency coefficient (? = .87) and a structure of two factors (dietary restraint and disinhibition), which explain 30% of the total variance. The analysis of concurrent and discriminant validity showing satisfactory data. Therefore, the TFEQ is an appropriate instrument for assessing eating pathology.

Xochitl, López-Aguilar; Juan Manuel, Mancilla-Díaz; Rosalia, Vázquez-Arévalo; Karina, Franco-Paredes; Georgina Leticia, Alvarez-Rayón; Ma. Trinidad, Ocampo Téllez-Girón.

2011-06-01

102

Propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Tres Factores de la Alimentación (TFEQ) / Psychometric properties of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito de esta investigación fue evaluar la consistencia interna, el análisis de factores y la validez de criterio de tipo concurrente y discriminante del Cuestionario de Tres Factores de la Alimentación (TFEQ). Participaron 604 mujeres (x? = 20.28, DE = 5.70), quienes completaron una batería [...] de cuestionarios: TFEQ, Cuestionario de Actitudes ante la Alimentación (EAT-40) y Cuestionario de Bulimia (BULIT). Los resultados señalan un coeficiente de consistencia interna adecuada (? =.87) y una estructura factorial de dos factores (restricción alimentaria y desinhibición), los cuales explican el 30 % de la varianza total. Los análisis de la validez concurrente y discriminante, muestran datos satisfactorios. Por tanto, el TFEQ es un instrumento adecuado para evaluar la patología alimentaria. Abstract in english The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the internal consistency, the factor analysis and the concurrent and discriminate validity of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ). 604 women (x? = 20.28, SD = 5.70), completed TFEQ, Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40) and Bulimia Test (BULIT). Re [...] sults showed an appropriate internal consistency coefficient (? = .87) and a structure of two factors (dietary restraint and disinhibition), which explain 30% of the total variance. The analysis of concurrent and discriminant validity showing satisfactory data. Therefore, the TFEQ is an appropriate instrument for assessing eating pathology.

Xochitl, López-Aguilar; Juan Manuel, Mancilla-Díaz; Rosalia, Vázquez-Arévalo; Karina, Franco-Paredes; Georgina Leticia, Alvarez-Rayón; Ma. Trinidad, Ocampo Téllez-Girón.

103

Design, Application, and Factor Structure of a Cultural Capital Questionnaire: Predicting Foreign Language Attributions and Achievement  

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Full Text Available Culture, as a variable which explains a great part of individual differences, has proved to be effective in defining the factors to which individuals ascribe their success or failure. This study introduced a completely new perspective to the relationship between culture and foreign language attributions by making reference to Bourdieu’s concept of cultural capital. To this aim, a questionnaire for measuring cultural capital was designed, applied, and validated. The Factorability of the intercorrelation matrix was measured by two tests, namely, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test of Sampling Adequacy (KMO and Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity the results of which indicated that the factor model was appropriate (0.65, p < .05. Moreover, the results of Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA based on the performance of 476 undergraduate university students yielded a two-factor solution of Textual literacy and Musical literacy. Moreover, the survey explored the relationship between the new factors and learners’ foreign language attributions as measured by the Language Achievement Attribution Scale (LAAS and the Causal Dimension Scale (CDS-II. Results from Pearson product-moment correlation revealed that the total score for cultural capital was significantly related to learners’ ability, effort, and personal attributions. In order to investigate the role of cultural capital in predicting learners’ foreign language achievement, Multiple Linear Regression Analysis was conducted. Results revealed that musical literacy was the best predictor of the listening and speaking skills, whereas reading, writing, and grammar were mostly predicted by learners’ textual literacy. At the end, statistical results were discussed, and implications for English language teaching were provided.

Reza Zabihi

2011-05-01

104

Characterization of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire scores of a young French cohort.  

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The aims of our study were to characterize the psychological dimensions of eating behaviour of young French adults as measured by the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) and to analyze the association between the 3 TFEQ mean scores (main scales and subscales) and gender, Body Mass Index (BMI) and socio-demographic data in this population. An online TFEQ questionnaire was used with a nationally representative sample of 1000 young French people (aged 20-39yrs). The average scores were 6.3±0.1 (sem) for dietary restraint, 6.0±0.1 for disinhibition and 5.0±0.1 for hunger. Compared to the limit commonly used in human food studies, young French adults were characterized by low restraint and low disinhibition levels. There was a significant gender effect on both restraint and disinhibition scores, with women showing significantly higher scores than men. Concerning the link between TFEQ scores and BMI, there was a significant effect of the BMI category on cognitive restraint, disinhibition and hunger. Disinhibition was the factor most strongly associated to BMI, independently of gender. Our results highlight both the importance of taking into account not only disinhibition but also cognitive restraint and the usefulness of subscales when studying eating behaviour and its link to body weight. We characterize the eating behaviour of a French cohort with criteria often chosen for healthy volunteers in human food studies. Consequently, we suggest new TFEQ limits (6 for cognitive restraint and disinhibition, 5 for hunger) lower than those traditionally used for this category of the population in clinical food studies. PMID:22664302

Aurélie, Lesdéma; Gilles, Fromentin; Jean-Jacques, Daudin; Agathe, Arlotti; Sophie, Vinoy; Daniel, Tome; Agnès, Marsset-Baglieri

2012-10-01

105

German version of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire - Appearance Scales (MBSRQ-AS): confirmatory factor analysis and validation.  

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The Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) is a widely used questionnaire that measures body image as a multidimensional construct. The Appearance Scales (AS) of the MBSRQ (Appearance Evaluation, Appearance Orientation, Body Areas Satisfaction, Overweight Preoccupation and Self-Classified Weight) are subscales which facilitate a parsimonious assessment of appearance-related aspects of body image. The current study tested the psychometric properties and factor structure of a German translation of the MBSRQ-AS. Participants were n=230 female patients with the SCID diagnosis of an eating disorder and n=293 female healthy controls. In a confirmatory factor analysis, convincing goodness-of-fit indices emerged. The subscales of the questionnaire yielded good reliability and convergent and discriminant validity coefficients, with most items showing excellent characteristics. Like the English version, the German adaptation of the questionnaire can be recommended for a multidimensional assessment of appearance-related aspects of body image in both research and clinical practice. PMID:24958652

Vossbeck-Elsebusch, Anna N; Waldorf, Manuel; Legenbauer, Tanja; Bauer, Anika; Cordes, Martin; Vocks, Silja

2014-06-01

106

Cross-cultural validity of the physical self-description questionnaire: comparison of factor structures in Australia, Spain, and Turkey.  

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We evaluated the cross-cultural generalizability of the factor structure for the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ) using confirmatory factor analysis. The factor structure was reasonably invariant over large samples of responses by Australian, Spanish, and Turkish students. Consistent with a priori predictions, the factor structures based on Australian and Spanish high school students were somewhat more similar to each other than to those based on Turkish university students, but...

Marsh, Hw; Marco, It; Abc?y?, Fh

2002-01-01

107

Association between questionnaire- and accelerometer-assessed physical activity: the role of sociodemographic factors.  

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The correlation between objective and self-reported measures of physical activity varies between studies. We examined this association and whether it differed by demographic factors or socioeconomic status (SES). Data were from 3,975 Whitehall II (United Kingdom, 2012-2013) participants aged 60-83 years, who completed a physical activity questionnaire and wore an accelerometer on their wrist for 9 days. There was a moderate correlation between questionnaire- and accelerometer-assessed physical activity (Spearman's r = 0.33, 95% confidence interval: 0.30, 0.36). The correlations were higher in high-SES groups than in low-SES groups (P?'s = 0.02), as defined by education (r = 0.38 vs. r = 0.30) or occupational position (r = 0.37 vs. r = 0.29), but did not differ by age, sex, or marital status. Of the self-reported physical activity, 68.3% came from mild activities, 25% from moderate activities, and only 6.7% from vigorous activities, but their correlations with accelerometer-assessed total physical activity were comparable (range of r?'s, 0.21-0.25). Self-reported physical activity from more energetic activities was more strongly associated with accelerometer data (for sports, r = 0.22; for gardening, r = 0.16; for housework, r = 0.09). High-SES persons reported more energetic activities, producing stronger accelerometer associations in these groups. Future studies should identify the aspects of physical activity that are most critical for health; this involves better understanding of the instruments being used. PMID:24500862

Sabia, Séverine; van Hees, Vincent T; Shipley, Martin J; Trenell, Michael I; Hagger-Johnson, Gareth; Elbaz, Alexis; Kivimaki, Mika; Singh-Manoux, Archana

2014-03-15

108

Test-retest reliability of a questionnaire to assess physical environmental factors pertaining to physical activity  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the documented benefits of physical activity, many adults do not obtain the recommended amounts. Barriers to physical activity occur at multiple levels, including at the individual, interpersonal, and environmental levels. Only until more recently has there been a concerted focus on how the physical environment might affect physical activity behavior. With this new area of study, self-report measures should be psychometrically tested before use in research studies. Therefore the objective of this study was to document the test-retest reliability of a questionnaire designed to assess physical environmental factors that might be associated with physical activity in a diverse adult population. Methods Test and retest surveys were conducted over the telephone with 106 African American and White women and men living in either Forsyth County, North Carolina or Jackson, Mississippi. Reliability of self-reported environmental factors across four domains (e.g., access to facilities and destinations, functionality and safety, aesthetics, natural environment was determined using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC overall and separately by gender and race. Results Generally items displayed moderate and sometimes substantial reliability (ICC between 0.4 to 0.8, with a few differences by gender or race, across each of the domains. Conclusion This study provides some psychometric evidence for the use of many of these questions in studies examining the effect of self-reported physical environmental measures on physical activity behaviors, among African American and White women and men.

McGinn Aileen P

2005-06-01

109

Examining the Factor Structure and Discriminant Validity of the 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) Among Spanish Postpartum Women  

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In this study, the authors tested alternative factor models of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) in a sample of Spanish postpartum women, using confirmatory factor analysis. The authors report the results of modeling three different methods for scoring the GHQ-12 using estimation methods recommended for categorical and binary data.…

Aguado, Jaume; Campbell, Alistair; Ascaso, Carlos; Navarro, Purificacion; Garcia-Esteve, Lluisa; Luciano, Juan V.

2012-01-01

110

A Confirmatory Approach to Examining the Factor Structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ): A Large Scale Cohort Study  

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The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) using a Structural Confirmatory Factor Analytic approach. The Danish translation of the SDQ was distributed to 71,840 parents and teachers of 5-7 and 10-12-year-old boys and girls from four large scale cohorts. Three theoretical models…

Niclasen, Janni; Skovgaard, Anne Mette; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Somhovd, Mikael Julius; Obel, Carsten

2013-01-01

111

Confirmatory factor analysis of the thyroid-related quality of life questionnaire ThyPRO  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background and aimThyroid diseases are prevalent and chronic. With treatment, quality of life is restored in most, but not all patients. Construct validity of the thyroid-related quality of life questionnaire, ThyPRO, has been established by multi-trait scaling, but not evaluated with more elaborate methods. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate dimensionality of the ThyPRO scales and to attempt to understand possible item misfit through structural equation modeling for categorical data.MethodsThe current 84-item version of ThyPRO consists of 13 scales, covering domains of physical (4 scales) and mental (2 scales) symptoms, function and well-being (3 scales) and participation/social function (4 scales). The data were collected from a cross-sectional sample of 907 thyroid patients. One-factor confirmatory models were fitted to each scale, and evaluated by model fit statistics (comparative fit index >0.95, root mean square error of approximation <0.08), magnitude of factor loadings, model residual correlations and modification indices (MI). Indications of multi-dimensionality were tested in bi-factor models. Possible item misfit was evaluated in a combined, investigational model.ResultsEach ThyPRO scale was adequately represented by a unidimensional model after minor revisions. Eleven items were identified in the unidimensional models as potentially misfitting and were investigated further by multidimensional modeling.ConclusionElaborate psychometric modeling supported the construct validity of the ThyPRO. However, 11 potentially misfitting items and 18 items with local dependence to other items are candidates for removal in future item reduction processes.

Watt, Torquil; GrØnvold, Mogens

2014-01-01

112

CONSTRUCTION AND VALIDATION OF A QUESTIONNAIRE OF RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR DRUG USE IN COLLEGE YOUTH  

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Full Text Available This paper presents the construction and validation of the Risk and protective factors for drug use questionnaire in college youth. Content validity, construct validity and reliability were established. The sample consisted of 763 students between 15 and 25 years old, from a private university in Cali, Colombia. The questionnaire reliability was 0,906, and six psychosocial risk and protective factors were defined (emotional disturbance, satisfaction with interpersonal relations, beliefs and appraisal about drugs, spirituality, social permissiveness and access to drugs, social skills and self-control. The current questionnaire is a useful tool to assess drug use and the psychosocial factors associated to it in college youth. However, it will be administered in later studies in order to establish its predictive validity

Salazar Torres, Isabel Cristina

2006-12-01

113

The Adult Reading History Questionnaire (ARHQ) in Icelandic: Psychometric Properties and Factor Structure.  

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This article describes psychometric testing of an Icelandic adaptation of the Adult Reading History Questionnaire (ARHQ), designed to detect a history of reading difficulties indicative of dyslexia. Tested in a large and diverse sample of 2,187 adults, the Icelandic adaptation demonstrated internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha = .92) and test-retest reliability (r = .93). Validity was established by comparing scores of adults who as children received ICD-10 diagnoses of specific reading disorder (F81.0; n = 419) to those of adults defined as nondyslexics (n = 679). ROC curve analysis resulted in an area under the curve of .92 (95% CI = .90, .93, p < .001) and a cutoff score of .43 with sensitivity of 84.5% and specificity of 83.7%. An exploratory factor analysis (n = 2,187) suggested three subscales, Dyslexia Symptoms, Current Reading, and Memory, the mean scores of which differed significantly among diagnosed dyslexics, relatives of dyslexics, and population controls. Our results support the applicability of the ARHQ in Icelandic as a self-report screening tool for adult dyslexia in Iceland. PMID:23456983

Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Halldorsson, Jonas G; Steinberg, Stacy; Hansdottir, Ingunn; Kristjansson, Kristleifur; Stefansson, Hreinn; Stefansson, Kari

2014-11-01

114

Risk factors for pressure sores in adult patients with myelomeningocele – a questionnaire-based study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Myelomeningocele (MMC is a part of a complex neural tube defect and a disorder of the cerebrospinal fluid system. Pressure sores are a frequent complication for patients with MMC. Little is known about the risk factors for pressure sores in adults with MMC. The aim of this study was to investigate an association between the presence of pressure sores and other patient characteristics, in order to develop an improved strategy for the management of sores. Methods A structured questionnaire regarding sores, medical condition, function and living factors was designed and sent to the 193 patients with MMC registered in the year 2003 at TRS, a National Centre for Rare Disorders in Norway. Results Out of 193 total, 87 patients participated and 71 patients (82% reported sores; 26 (30% at the time of the interview and 45 (52% during the last 5 years. Sores were mostly localized on toes and feet and occurred exclusively in regions with reduced or missing sensibility. A significant association was found between sores and memory deficit (p = 0.02, Arnold Chiari malformation (p = 0.02 and a record of previous sores (p = 0.004. Sores were not significantly associated with hydrocephalus, syringomyelia, nutrition, body mass index, smoking, physical activity, employment or living together with other persons. Some patients (18, 21% reported skin inspection by others and the remainder relied on self-inspection. Conclusion Patients with sensory deficit, memory problems, and Arnold Chiari malformation had a higher risk of having pressure sores. This patient group needs improved skin inspection routines and sore treatment.

Frøslie Kathrine

2006-12-01

115

Work related risk factors for musculoskeletal complaints in the nursing profession: results of a questionnaire survey.  

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OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints of the back, arms or neck, and legs among nurses, and to investigate the relation between these complaints and various work related and personal variables. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was carried out in four nursing homes in The Netherlands. RESULTS: The response was 95% and resulted in 846 completed questionnaires. It was found that a large proportion of the subjects regularly had back complaints (36%) but also had arm...

Engels, J. A.; Gulden, J. W.; Senden, T. F.; T Hof, B.

1996-01-01

116

The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ): The Factor Structure and Scale Validation in U.S. Adolescents  

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The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is one of the most commonly used instruments for screening psychopathology in children and adolescents. This study evaluated the hypothesized five-factor structure of the SDQ and examined its convergent validity against comprehensive clinical diagnostic assessments. Data were derived from the…

He, Jian-Ping; Burstein, Marcy; Schmitz, Anja; Merikangas, Kathleen R.

2013-01-01

117

Construct Validity of the Five-Factor Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Pre-, Early, and Late Adolescence  

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Background: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is designed to measure psychological adjustment in children and adolescents. Psychometric evaluations of the instrument have shown satisfactory convergent and discriminant validity, while factor analysis studies have shown mixed results across countries. In the present study, the…

Van Roy, Betty; Veenstra, Marijke; Clench-Aas, Jocelyne

2008-01-01

118

Validating the Children's Behavior Questionnaire in Dutch Children: Psychometric Properties and a Cross-Cultural Comparison of Factor Structures  

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In this article, we examined the factorial validity of the Dutch translation of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) and the Very Short Form scores. In addition, we conducted cross-cultural comparisons of temperament structure. In total, 353 parents of 6- to 8-year-olds completed the instrument. The original higher order factor structure of…

Sleddens, Ester F. C.; Kremers, Stef P. J.; Candel, Math J. J. M.; De Vries, Nanne N. K.; Thijs, Carel

2011-01-01

119

A Test and Cross-Validation of the Revised Two-Factor Study Process Questionnaire Factor Structure among Western University Students  

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The Revised Two-Factor Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) is a measure of university students' approach to learning. Original evaluation of the scale's psychometric properties was based on a sample of Hong Kong university students' scores. The purpose of this study was to test and cross-validate the R-SPQ-2F factor structure, based on separate…

Immekus, Jason C.; Imbrie, P. K.

2010-01-01

120

The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire: Scale development and initial validation of a factor-analytic solution to multiple empathy measures  

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In order to formulate a parsimonious tool to assess empathy, we used factor analysis on a combination of self-report measures to examine consensus and developed a brief self-report measure of this common factor. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) represents empathy as a primarily emotional process. In three studies, the TEQ demonstrated strong convergent validity, correlating positively with behavioral measures of social decoding, self-report measures of empathy, and negatively with a me...

Spreng, R. Nathan; Mckinnon, Margaret C.; Mar, Raymond A.; Levine, Brian

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Knowledge of stroke risk factors among primary care patients with previous stroke or TIA: a questionnaire study  

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Abstract Background Survivers of stroke or transient ischaemic attacks (TIA) are at risk of new vascular events. Our objective was to study primary health care patients with stroke/TIA regarding their knowledge about risk factors for having a new event of stroke/TIA, possible associations between patient characteristics and patients' knowledge about risk factors, and patients' knowledge about their preventive treatment for stroke/TIA. Methods A questionnaire was...

Strender Lars-Erik; Backlund Lars G; Sloma Andrzej; Skånér Ylva

2010-01-01

122

The postgraduate hospital educational environment measure (PHEEM questionnaire identifies quality of instruction as a key factor predicting academic achievement  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the reliability of the PHEEM questionnaire translated into Portuguese. We present the results of PHEEM following distribution to doctors in three different medical residency programs at a university hospital in Brazil. INTRODUCTION: Efforts to understand environmental factors that foster effective learning resulted in the development of a questionnaire to measure medical residents' perceptions of the level of autonomy, teaching quality and social support in their programs. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated using the modified Brislin back-translation technique. Cronbach's alpha test was used to ensure good reliability and ANOVA was used to compare PHEEM results among residents from the Surgery, Anesthesiology and Internal Medicine departments. The Kappa coefficient was used as a measure of agreement, and factor analysis was employed to evaluate the construct strength of the three domains suggested by the original PHEEM questionnaire. RESULTS: The PHEEM survey was completed by 306 medical residents and the resulting Cronbach's alpha was 0.899. The weighted Kappa was showed excellent reliability. Autonomy was rated most highly by Internal Medicine residents (63.7% ± 13.6%. Teaching was rated highest in Anesthesiology (66.7% ± 15.4%. Residents across the three areas had similar perceptions of social support (59.0% ± 13.3% for Surgery; 60.5% ± 13.6% for Internal Medicine; 61.4% ± 14.4% for Anesthesiology. Factor analysis suggested that nine factors explained 58.9% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that PHEEM is a reliable instrument for measuring the quality of medical residency programs at a Brazilian teaching hospital. The results suggest that quality of teaching was the best indicator of overall response to the questionnaire.

Joaquim Edson Vieira

2008-01-01

123

The postgraduate hospital educational environment measure (PHEEM) questionnaire identifies quality of instruction as a key factor predicting academic achievement  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the reliability of the PHEEM questionnaire translated into Portuguese. We present the results of PHEEM following distribution to doctors in three different medical residency programs at a university hospital in Brazil. INTRODUCTION: Efforts to understand environmental [...] factors that foster effective learning resulted in the development of a questionnaire to measure medical residents' perceptions of the level of autonomy, teaching quality and social support in their programs. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated using the modified Brislin back-translation technique. Cronbach's alpha test was used to ensure good reliability and ANOVA was used to compare PHEEM results among residents from the Surgery, Anesthesiology and Internal Medicine departments. The Kappa coefficient was used as a measure of agreement, and factor analysis was employed to evaluate the construct strength of the three domains suggested by the original PHEEM questionnaire. RESULTS: The PHEEM survey was completed by 306 medical residents and the resulting Cronbach's alpha was 0.899. The weighted Kappa was showed excellent reliability. Autonomy was rated most highly by Internal Medicine residents (63.7% ± 13.6%). Teaching was rated highest in Anesthesiology (66.7% ± 15.4%). Residents across the three areas had similar perceptions of social support (59.0% ± 13.3% for Surgery; 60.5% ± 13.6% for Internal Medicine; 61.4% ± 14.4% for Anesthesiology). Factor analysis suggested that nine factors explained 58.9% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that PHEEM is a reliable instrument for measuring the quality of medical residency programs at a Brazilian teaching hospital. The results suggest that quality of teaching was the best indicator of overall response to the questionnaire.

Joaquim Edson, Vieira.

124

Measuring physical activity-related environmental factors: reliability and predictive validity of the European environmental questionnaire ALPHA  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background A questionnaire to assess physical activity related environmental factors in the European population (a 49-item and an 11-item version was created as part of the framework of the EU-funded project "Instruments for Assessing Levels of PHysical Activity and fitness (ALPHA". This paper reports on the development and assessment of the questionnaire's test-retest stability, predictive validity, and applicability to European adults. Methods The first pilot test was conducted in Belgium, France and the UK. In total 190 adults completed both forms of the ALPHA questionnaire twice with a one-week interval. Physical activity was concurrently measured (i by administration of the long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ by interview and (ii by accelerometry (Actigraph™ device. After adaptations, the second field test took place in Belgium, the UK and Austria; 166 adults completed the adapted questionnaire at two time points, with minimum one-week interval. In both field studies intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC and proportion of agreement were computed to assess the stability of the two test scores. Predictive validity was examined in the first field test by correlating the results of the questionnaires with physical activity data from accelerometry and long IPAQ-last 7 days. Results The reliability scores of the ALPHA questionnaire were moderate-to good in the first field testing (ICC range 0.66 - 0.86 and good in the second field testing (ICC range 0.71 - 0.87. The proportion of agreement for the ALPHA short increased significantly from the first (range 50 - 83% to the second field testing (range 85 - 95%. Environmental scales from both versions of the ALPHA questionnaire were significantly associated with self-reported minutes of transport-related walking, and objectively measured low intensity physical activity levels, particularly in women. Both versions were easily administered with an average completion time of six minutes for the 49-item version and less than two minutes for the short version. Conclusion The ALPHA questionnaire is an instrument to measure environmental perceptions in relation to physical activity. It appears to have good reliability and predictive validity. The questionnaire is now available to other researchers to investigate its usefulness and applicability across Europe.

Oppert Jean-Michel

2010-05-01

125

Cattell’s Personality Factor Questionnaire (CPFQ): Development and Preliminary Study / Cuestionario Factorial Cattell de Personalidad (CFCP): Construcción y Estudio Preliminar / Questionário Fatorial Cattell de Personalidade (QFCP): Construção e Estudo Preliminar  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Este estudo teve como objetivos: (a) construir um instrumento para avaliação da personalidade de acordo com o modelo de Cattell que dá base para o 16PF e (b) realizar uma análise empírica da estrutura interna desse instrumento. Participaram 347 pessoas, sendo a maioria do sexo feminino (67,4%), curs [...] ando o ensino superior (62,5%) e com idade variando de 16 a 66 anos (M = 25,69; DP = 8,90). Foram criados 120 itens e realizada uma análise exploratória de fatores principais. Posteriormente, uma análise paralela, uma análise fatorial exploratória por informação completa de variáveis categóricas e análise de consistência interna. Os resultados sugerem que o instrumento é formado por 12 fatores com índices de consistência interna razoáveis. O modelo construído por Cattell ajudou a entender a organização estrutural encontrada para o instrumento, uma vez que há coerência, principalmente em termos mais gerais (fatores globais). Abstract in spanish Las finalidades de este estudio fueron: (a) crear un instrumento de evaluación de la personalidad según el modelo de Cattell que fundamenta el 16PF, y (b) realizar un análisis empírico de la estructura interna del instrumento. 347 personas participaron, en su mayoría mujeres (67,4%), cursando la edu [...] cación superior (62,5%) y entre 16 y 66 años (M = 25,69; DE = 8,90). 120 puntos fueron creados y se realizó un análisis exploratorio de los factores principales, seguido de un análisis paralelo, un análisis factorial exploratorio para las variables categóricas con la información completa y análisis de la consistencia interna. Los resultados sugieren que el instrumento está formado por 12 factores de consistencia interna razonable. El modelo construido por Cattell ayudó a comprender la organización estructural que se encuentra en el instrumento, ya que hay coherencia, especialmente en términos más generales (factores globales). Abstract in english This study was aimed at: (a) developing an instrument for personality assessment according to Cattell’s model, in which the 16PF is based on; and (b) carrying out an empirical analysis of the internal structure of the instrument. Three hundred and forty seven people, mostly female (67.4%), attending [...] higher education (62.5%) and aged between 16 and 66 (M = 25.69; SD = 8.90) participated in the study. One hundred and twenty items were created and an exploratory factor analysis of the main factors was carried out. Then, a parallel analysis, an exploratory full information factor analysis with categorical variables and an internal consistency analysis were performed. The results suggest that the instrument is composed of 12 factors of reasonable internal consistency rates. The model developed by Cattell helped to understand the structural organization found for the instrument, since there is coherency, especially in relation to more general terms (global factors).

Ricardo, Primi; Carla Fernanda, Ferreira-Rodrigues; Lucas de Francisco, Carvalho.

2014-04-01

126

Cattell’s Personality Factor Questionnaire (CPFQ): Development and Preliminary Study / Cuestionario Factorial Cattell de Personalidad (CFCP): Construcción y Estudio Preliminar / Questionário Fatorial Cattell de Personalidade (QFCP): Construção e Estudo Preliminar  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Este estudo teve como objetivos: (a) construir um instrumento para avaliação da personalidade de acordo com o modelo de Cattell que dá base para o 16PF e (b) realizar uma análise empírica da estrutura interna desse instrumento. Participaram 347 pessoas, sendo a maioria do sexo feminino (67,4%), curs [...] ando o ensino superior (62,5%) e com idade variando de 16 a 66 anos (M = 25,69; DP = 8,90). Foram criados 120 itens e realizada uma análise exploratória de fatores principais. Posteriormente, uma análise paralela, uma análise fatorial exploratória por informação completa de variáveis categóricas e análise de consistência interna. Os resultados sugerem que o instrumento é formado por 12 fatores com índices de consistência interna razoáveis. O modelo construído por Cattell ajudou a entender a organização estrutural encontrada para o instrumento, uma vez que há coerência, principalmente em termos mais gerais (fatores globais). Abstract in spanish Las finalidades de este estudio fueron: (a) crear un instrumento de evaluación de la personalidad según el modelo de Cattell que fundamenta el 16PF, y (b) realizar un análisis empírico de la estructura interna del instrumento. 347 personas participaron, en su mayoría mujeres (67,4%), cursando la edu [...] cación superior (62,5%) y entre 16 y 66 años (M = 25,69; DE = 8,90). 120 puntos fueron creados y se realizó un análisis exploratorio de los factores principales, seguido de un análisis paralelo, un análisis factorial exploratorio para las variables categóricas con la información completa y análisis de la consistencia interna. Los resultados sugieren que el instrumento está formado por 12 factores de consistencia interna razonable. El modelo construido por Cattell ayudó a comprender la organización estructural que se encuentra en el instrumento, ya que hay coherencia, especialmente en términos más generales (factores globales). Abstract in english This study was aimed at: (a) developing an instrument for personality assessment according to Cattell’s model, in which the 16PF is based on; and (b) carrying out an empirical analysis of the internal structure of the instrument. Three hundred and forty seven people, mostly female (67.4%), attending [...] higher education (62.5%) and aged between 16 and 66 (M = 25.69; SD = 8.90) participated in the study. One hundred and twenty items were created and an exploratory factor analysis of the main factors was carried out. Then, a parallel analysis, an exploratory full information factor analysis with categorical variables and an internal consistency analysis were performed. The results suggest that the instrument is composed of 12 factors of reasonable internal consistency rates. The model developed by Cattell helped to understand the structural organization found for the instrument, since there is coherency, especially in relation to more general terms (global factors).

Ricardo, Primi; Carla Fernanda, Ferreira-Rodrigues; Lucas de Francisco, Carvalho.

127

The Home Situations Questionnaire-PDD Version: Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties  

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Background: The Home Situations Questionnaire (HSQ) is a caregiver-rated scale designed to assess behavioural non-compliance in everyday settings that has been used in several studies in typically developing children. Currently there is no accepted measure of behavioural non-compliance in children with pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs).…

Chowdhury, M.; Aman, M. G.; Scahill, L.; Swiezy, N.; Arnold, L. E.; Lecavalier, L.; Johnson, C.; Handen, B.; Stigler, K.; Bearss, K.; Sukhodolsky, D.; McDougle, C. J.

2010-01-01

128

Leaders of School Technology Innovation: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Change Facilitator Style Questionnaire (CFSQ)  

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Purpose: This paper aims to describe a construct validation study of the Change Facilitator Style Questionnaire (CFSQ), an instrument designed to measure the leadership style of school principals as change facilitators. Design/methodology/approach: Participants included 614 K-12 teachers across the state of Florida involved in the Enhancing…

Liu, Feng; Ritzhaupt, Albert; Cavanaugh, Cathy

2013-01-01

129

A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Teaching and Learning Conceptions Questionnaire (TLCQ)  

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This study examines pre-service teachers' conception about teaching and learning using the perspectives of Traditional Teaching (TT) and Constructivist Teaching (CT). Using the Teaching and Learning Conceptions Questionnaire (TLCQ) by Chan and Elliot (2004), data were collected from 460 pre-service teachers in Turkey through an online…

Sahin, Sami; Yilmaz, Harun

2011-01-01

130

Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Anxiety Control Questionnaire among Older Adults  

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Among young adults and clinical populations, perceived inability to control internal and external events is associated with anxiety. At present, it is unclear what role perceived anxiety control plays in anxiety among older adults. The Anxiety Control Questionnaire (ACQ) was developed to assess one's perceived ability to cope with anxiety-related…

Gerolimatos, Lindsay A.; Gould, Christine E.; Edelstein, Barry A.

2012-01-01

131

Etiological factors in nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a hospital-based, retrospective, case-control, questionnaire study.  

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A total of 379 Singapore Chinese patients with NPC were interviewed by use of a questionnaire covering the following items: occupation, level of education, language medium of education, personal and family history of nasal illnesses, types of medicines used, use of Chinese medicines for the nose and throat, use of soya sauce, Chinese tea, cooling drinks and alcohol, cigarette smoking (number and duration), cooking fuels and use of incense (frequency and duration) and of anti-mosquito coils. The same questionnaire was given to two groups of controls: 595 patients with diseases of the ear, nose and throat other than NPC and 1 044 patients with diseases other than cancer or otorhinolaryngeal disease. NPC patients differed significantly from both groups of controls in that they showed stronger associations with personal history of nasal illnesses, family history of nasal illnesses, use of Chinese medicines for the nose and throat and exposure to smoke from anti-mosquito coils. PMID:730190

Shanmugaratnam, K; Tye, C Y; Goh, E H; Chia, K B

1978-01-01

132

The Otitis Media-6 questionnaire : psychometric properties with emphasis on factor structure and interpretability  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The Otitis Media-6 questionnaire (OM-6) is the most frequently used instrument to measure health related quality of life in children with otitis media. The main objectives of this study are 1) to translate and cross-culturally adapt the OM-6 into Danish, and 2) to assess important psychometric properties including structural validity and interpretability of the OM-6 in a Danish population of children suffering from otitis media.

Heidemann, Christian Hamilton; Godballe, Christian

2013-01-01

133

Contributing factors to influenza vaccine uptake in general hospitals: an explorative management questionnaire study from the Netherlands  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The influenza vaccination rate in hospitals among health care workers in Europe remains low. As there is a lack of research about management factors we assessed factors reported by administrators of general hospitals that are associated with the influenza vaccine uptake among health care workers. Methods All 81 general hospitals in the Netherlands were approached to participate in a self-administered questionnaire study. The questionnaire was directed at the hospital administrators. The following factors were addressed: beliefs about the effectiveness of the influenza vaccine, whether the hospital had a written policy on influenza vaccination and how the hospital informed their staff about influenza vaccination. The questionnaire also included questions about mandatory vaccination, whether it was free of charge and how delivered as well as the vaccination campaign costs. The outcome of this one-season survey is the self-reported overall influenza vaccination rate of health care workers. Results In all, 79 of 81 hospitals that were approached were willing to participate and therefore received a questionnaire. Of these, 42 were returned (response rate 52%. Overall influenza vaccination rate among health care workers in our sample was 17.7% (95% confidence interval: 14.6% to 20.8%. Hospitals in which the administrators agreed with positive statements concerning the influenza vaccination had a slightly higher, but non-significant, vaccine uptake. There was a 9% higher vaccine uptake in hospitals that spent more than €1250,- on the vaccination campaign (24.0% versus 15.0%; 95% confidence interval from 0.7% to 17.3%. Conclusions Agreement with positive statements about management factors with regard to influenza vaccination were not associated with the uptake. More economic investments were related with a higher vaccine uptake; the reasons for this should be explored further.

Riphagen-Dalhuisen Josien

2012-12-01

134

Confirmatory factor analysis of the Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form 50 in a predominantly minority sample.  

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The Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form 50 (CHQ-PF50; Landgraf JM et al., The CHQ User's Manual. Boston, MA: The Health Institute, New England Medical Centre, 1996) appears to be a useful method of assessing children's health. The CHQ-PF50 is designed to measure general functional status and well-being and is available in several versions to suit the needs of the health researcher. Several publications have reported favorably on the psychometric properties of the CHQ. Landgraf et al. reported the results of an exploratory factor analysis at the scale level that provided evidence for a two-factor structure representing physical and psychosocial dimensions of health. In order to cross-validate and extend these results, a confirmatory factor analysis was conducted with an independent sample of generally healthy, predominantly minority children. Results of the analysis indicate that a two-factor model provides a good fit to the data, confirming previous exploratory analyses with this questionnaire. One additional method factor seems likely because of the substantial similarity of three of the scales, but that does not affect the substantive two-factor interpretation overall. PMID:12482160

Hepner, Kimberly A; Sechrest, Lee

2002-12-01

135

The Revised Two-Factor Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F): Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses at Item Level  

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The underlying structure of the Revised Two Factor version of the Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F), a 20-item instrument for the evaluation of students' approaches to learning (SAL), was examined at item level using two independent groups of undergraduate students enrolled in the first (n = 314) and last (n = 522) years of their studies. The…

Justicia, Fernando; Pichardo, M. Carmen; Cano, Francisco; Berben, A. B. G.; De la Fuente, Jesus

2008-01-01

136

The persian version of the chronic urticaria quality of life questionnaire: factor analysis, validation, and initial clinical findings.  

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Chronic urticaria (CU) also known as chronic idiopathic urticaria results in a lowered quality of life (QoL). Disease specific questionnaires are necessary to assess QoL in CU patients. Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire (CU-Q2oL) is the only available and validated disease specific questionnaire in the assessment of QoL in CU patients originally developed in Italian language. The aim of the current study was to develop the Persian version of the CU-Q2oL with an acceptable reliability and validity.Using the standard methods provided by guidelines, CU-Q2oL was translated into Persian. A total number of 110 patients with confirmed diagnosis of CU were asked to fill the questionnaire. Determination of scales was performed in addition to checking the data for internal consistency and known group validity. Urticaria activity score 7 (UAS7) was used to assess the severity of the CU in the population study. The 6 dimensional scale of Persian CU-Q2oL was determined using the Exploratory Factor Analysis. About 68% of the variance was explained by these 6 factor structure higher than 59.9% of the original Italian version.All 6 factors showed acceptable internal consistency as measured by Cronbach ? coefficient. There was a significant correlation between UAS7 and total CU-Q2oL score. UAS7 and the presence of angioedema were predictors of CU-Q2oL score.The Persian version of CU-Q2oL was shown to be a valid and reliable tool to be used in the future clinical studies. Cultural considerations must be kept in mind in adoption of CU-Q2oL to other languages.  PMID:24659164

Tavakol, Marzieh; Mohammadinejad, Payam; Baiardini, Ilaria; Braido, Fulvio; Gharagozlou, Mohammad; Aghamohammadi, Asghar; Nabavi, Mohammad; Dabbaghzade, Abbas; Tavakol, Zahra; Afarideh, Mohsen; Rezaei, Nima

2014-08-01

137

Cross-cultural validity of the physical self-description questionnaire: comparison of factor structures in Australia, Spain, and Turkey.  

Science.gov (United States)

We evaluated the cross-cultural generalizability of the factor structure for the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ) using confirmatory factor analysis. The factor structure was reasonably invariant over large samples of responses by Australian, Spanish, and Turkish students. Consistent with a priori predictions, the factor structures based on Australian and Spanish high school students were somewhat more similar to each other than to those based on Turkish university students, but these differences were small. Psychometric, theoretical cross-cultural, and practical considerations support the PSDQ's usefulness in a variety of research and applied settings. The study also provides a model for comparing psychometric properties based on responses to original and translated versions of sport psychology measures. PMID:12230332

Marsh, Herbert W; Marco, Inés Tomás; Abçý, F Hülya

2002-09-01

138

Validity of Persian version of socio-cultural attitudes towards appearance questionnaire (SATAQ-3 using factor analysis  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: The present research aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of socio-cultural attitudes towards appearance questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3. Methods: The sample of this study cross-sectional was 250 highschool students (173 girls and 77 boys in Abarkouh, who were selected through cluster random sampling, responded to Persian version of socio-cultural attitudes towards appearance questionnaire-3. The reliability coefficients of the SATAQ-3 were calculated using internal consistency and spilt-half methods, which were 0.77 and 0.55 respectively. The construct validity of the inventory was investigated using factor analysis. Results: Factor analysis of the inventory using varimax rotation based on scree test, showed 4 factors labeled Internalization-General, Internalization-Athlete, Information and Pressures, which covered 37.61% percent of the total variance. Conclusion: In general, findings of the research confirmed appropriate validity and reliability of the Persian version of SATAQ-3 and showed that it can be simply applied in clinical and research situations for evaluation of individual’s attitude towards personal appearance affected by socio-cultural factors.

Azra Mohammadpanah Ardakan

2014-03-01

139

The three factor eating questionnaire - R21: tradução para o português e aplicação em mulheres brasileiras / The three factor eating questionnaire - R21: translation and administration to Brazilian women  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Analisar e discutir a relação dos comportamentos de restrição cognitiva, alimentação emocional e descontrole alimentar entre si e com os parâmetros antropométricos: índice de massa corporal e circunferência abdominal. MÉTODOS: Tradução para o português e aplicação do The Three Factor Eatin [...] g Questionnaire - versão reduzida de 21 itens, com subsequente comparação aos parâmetros antropométricos de 125 mulheres trabalhadoras do Instituto Central do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, escolhidas casualmente em um grupo de 800 interessados em orientação nutricional. RESULTADOS: Encontraram-se associações entre a alimentação emocional e o descontrole alimentar, além de associações entre alimentação emocional e descontrole alimentar, índice de massa corporal e circunferência abdominal. CONCLUSÃO: O The Three Factor Eating Questionnaire - versão reduzida de 21 itens mostrou-se um instrumento adequado para identificar os comportamentos de restrição cognitiva, alimentação emocional e descontrole alimentar, padrões de comportamentos cuja análise pode servir como ponto de partida para a adoção de estratégias de abordagem de orientação nutricional em programas de controle de peso. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed and discussed how cognitive restraint, emotional eating and bingeing behaviors interrelate and relate with the anthropometric parameters BMI and waist circumference. METHODS: The short version of The Three Factor Eating Questionnaire consisting of 21 items was translat [...] ed into Portuguese, administered to 125 female employees from the Central Unit of the Universidade de São Paulo School of Medicine Clinics Hospital and compared with the anthropometric data of these women who had been casually selected from a group of 800 individuals interested in nutrition counseling. RESULTS: Emotional eating was found to be associated with bingeing, body mass index and waist circumference. CONCLUSION: The short version of The Three Factor Eating Questionnaire with 21 items proved to effectively identify cognitive restraint, emotional eating and bingeing behaviors. Analysis of these behavior patterns can be the starting point for the implementation of strategies for approaching nutrition counseling in weight-control programs.

Lara Cristiane, Natacci; Mario, Ferreira Júnior.

140

Prevalence of complaints of arm, neck and shoulder among computer office workers and psychometric evaluation of a risk factor questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Complaints of Arm Neck and Shoulder (CANS represent a wide range of complaints, which can differ in severity from mild, periodic symptoms to severe, chronic and debilitating conditions. They are thought to be associated with both physical and psychosocial risk factors. The measurement and identification of the various risk factors for these complaints is an important step towards recognizing (a high risk subgroups that are relevant in profiling CANS; and (b also for developing targeted and effective intervention plans for treatment. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of CANS in a Dutch population of computer workers and to develop a questionnaire aimed at measuring workplace physical and psychosocial risk factors for the presence of these complaints. Methods To examine potential workplace risk factors for the presence of CANS, the Maastricht Upper Extremity Questionnaire (MUEQ, a structured questionnaire, was developed and tested among 264 computer office workers of a branch office of the national social security institution in the Netherlands. The MUEQ holds 95 items covering demographic characteristics, in addition to seven main domains assessing potential risk factors with regard to (1 work station, (2 posture during work, (3 quality of break time, (4 job demands, (5 job control, and (6 social support. The MUEQ further contained some additional questions about the quality of the work environment and the presence of complaints in the neck, shoulder, upper and lower arm, elbow, hand and wrist. The prevalence rates of CANS in the past year were computed. Further, we investigated the psychometric properties of the MUEQ (i.e. factor structure and reliability. Results The one-year prevalence rate of CANS indicated that 54% of the respondents reported at least one complaint in the arm, neck and/or shoulder. The highest prevalence rates were found for neck and shoulder symptoms (33% and 31% respectively, followed by hand and upper arm complaints (11% to 12% and elbow, lower arm and wrist complaints (6% to 7%. The psychometric properties of the MUEQ were assessed using exploratory factor analysis which resulted in the identification of 12 factors. The calculation of internal consistency and cross validation provided evidence of reliability and lack of redundancy of items. Conclusion Neck and shoulder complaints are more frequently reported among Dutch computer workers than arm, elbow and hand complaints. The results further indicate that the MUEQ has satisfactory reliability and internal consistency when used to document CANS among computer workers in the Netherlands.

Kennes Janneke

2007-07-01

 
 
 
 
141

Factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese children Estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Rutter para Professores numa amostra de crianças portuguesas  

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OBJECTIVE: To examine the factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese primary school children. METHOD: The Rutter Teacher Questionnaire, a 26-item scale covering a variety of behavioral problems, was completed by teachers of 877 children, aged 6 to 11 years. Data were subjected to factor analysis using the principal components solution with varimax rotation. RESULTS: The factorial analysis in total sample revealed three factors explaining 38.88% of the total variance. T...

Ana Telma Pereira; Berta Rodrigues Maia; Mariana Marques; Sandra Carvalho Bos; Maria João Soares; Ana Gomes; António Macedo; Maria Helena Pinto De Azevedo

2008-01-01

142

Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the "World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire--Brief Version" for Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the factorial structure of the "World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire--Brief Version" in a community sample of Canadians with spinal cord injuries. A confirmatory factor analysis provides evidence that the instrument is a multidimensional measure of quality of life. Additionally, the questionnaire is…

Miller, Susan M.; Chan, Fong; Ferrin, James M.; Lin, Chen-Ping; Chan, Jacob Y. C.

2008-01-01

143

Factors influencing quality of life in Moroccan postmenopausal women with osteoporotic vertebral fracture assessed by ECOS 16 questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate factors influencing quality of life (QOL in Moroccan postmenopausal women with osteoporotic vertebral fracture assessed by the Arabic version of ECOS 16 questionnaire. Methods 357 postmenopausal women were included in this study. The participants underwent bone mineral density (BMD measurements by DXA of the lumbar spine and the total hip as well as X-ray examination of the thoraco-lumbar spine to identify subclinical vertebral fractures. Patients were asked to complete a questionnaire on clinical and sociodemographic parameters, and osteoporosis risk factors. The Arabic version of the ECOS16 (Assessment of health related quality of life in osteoporosis questionnaire was used to assess quality of life. Results The mean age was 58 ± 7.8 years, and the mean BMI was 28.3 ± 4.8 kg/m2. One hundred and eight women (30.1% were osteoporotic and 46.7% had vertebral fractures. Most were categorized as Grade1 (75%. Three independent factors were associated with a poor quality of life: low educational level (p = 0,01, vertebral fracture (p = 0,03, and history of peripheral fracture (p = 0,006. Worse QOL was observed in the group with vertebral fracture in all domains except "pain": Physical functioning (p = 0,002; Fear of illness (p = 0,001; and Psychosocial functioning (p = 0,007. The number of fractures was a determinant of a low QOL, as indicated by an increased score in physical functioning (p = 0,01, fear of illness (p = 0,007, and total score (p = 0,01 after adjusting on age and educational level. Patients with higher Genant score had low QOL in these two domains too (p = 0,002; p = 0,001 respectively, and in the total score (p = 0,01 after adjusting on age and educational level. Conclusion Our current data showed that the quality of life assessed by the Arabic version of the ECOS 16 questionnaire is decreased in post menopausal women with prevalent vertebral fractures, with the increasing number and the severity of vertebral fractures.

Hmamouchi Ihsane

2009-03-01

144

Factor analysis of social capital questionnaire used in Urban HEART study in Tehran  

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Background and Aim: Social capital composed of networks, norms and values, which facilitates cooperation within and between groups to achieve mutual benefits and common goals. Social capital increases the benefits of investing in physical and human capital. In a society that favors more social capital, collaboration is easier. This study investigates the validity and reliability of a social capital tool, which had been administered through a large population-based survey using factor analysis...

Mohsen Asadilari; Mir taher Mousavi; Mahmoud Reza Gohari; Aziz Kassani

2012-01-01

145

A Confirmatory Approach to Examining the Factor Structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) : A Large Scale Cohort Study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) using a Structural Confirmatory Factor Analytic approach. The Danish translation of the SDQ was distributed to 71,840 parents and teachers of 5-7 and 10-12-year-old boys and girls from four large scale cohorts. Three theoretical models were examined: 1. a model with five first order factors (i.e., hyperactivity/inattention, conduct, emotional, peer problems and prosocial), 2. a model adding two internalising and externalising second order factors to model 1, and 3. a model adding a total difficulties second order factor to model 1. Model fits were evaluated, multi-group analyses were carried out and average variance extracted (AVE) and composite reliability (CR) estimates were examined. In this general population sample, low risk sample models 1 and 2 showed similar good overall fits. Best model fits were found when two positively worded items were allowed to cross load with the prosocial scale, andcross loadings were allowed for among three sets of indicators. The analyses also revealed that model fits were slightly better for teachers than for parents and better for older children than for younger children. No convincing differences were found between boys and girls. Factor loadings were acceptable for all groups, especially for older children rated by teachers. Some emotional, peer, conduct and prosocial subscale problems were revealed for younger children rated by parents. The analyses revealed more internal consistency for older children rated by teachers than for younger children rated by parents. It is recommended that model 1 comprising five first order factors, or alternatively model 2 with additionally two internalising/externalising second order factors, should be used when employing the SDQ in low risk epidemiological samples.

Niclasen, Janni; Skovgaard, Anne Mette

2013-01-01

146

Farmer reported prevalence and factors associated with contagious ovine digital dermatitis in Wales: A questionnaire of 511 sheep farmers.  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2012, 2000 questionnaires were sent to a random sample of Welsh sheep farmers. The questionnaire investigated farmers' knowledge and views on contagious ovine digital dermatitis (CODD) - an emerging disease of sheep responsible for causing severe lameness, welfare and production problems. The overall response rate was 28.3% with a usable response rate of 25.6%. The between farm prevalence of CODD was 35.0% and the median farmer estimated prevalence of CODD was 2.0%. The disease now appears endemic and widespread in Wales. Furthermore, there has been a rapid increase in reports of CODD arriving on farms since the year 2000. Risk factors for CODD identified in this study include the presence of bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) in cattle on the farm and larger flocks. Farmers also consider concurrent footrot/interdigital dermatitis, buying in sheep, adult sheep, time of year and housing to be associated with CODD. Further experimental research is necessary to establish whether these observations are true associations. PMID:24207114

Angell, J W; Duncan, J S; Carter, S D; Grove-White, D H

2014-01-01

147

Knowledge of stroke risk factors among primary care patients with previous stroke or TIA: a questionnaire study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Survivers of stroke or transient ischaemic attacks (TIA are at risk of new vascular events. Our objective was to study primary health care patients with stroke/TIA regarding their knowledge about risk factors for having a new event of stroke/TIA, possible associations between patient characteristics and patients' knowledge about risk factors, and patients' knowledge about their preventive treatment for stroke/TIA. Methods A questionnaire was distributed to 240 patients with stroke/TIA diagnoses, and 182 patients (76% responded. We asked 13 questions about diseases/conditions and lifestyle factors known to be risk factors and four questions regarding other diseases/conditions ("distractors". The patients were also asked whether they considered each disease/condition to be one of their own. Additional questions concerned the patients' social and functional status and their drug use. The t-test was used for continuous variables, chi-square test for categorical variables, and a regression model with variables influencing patient knowledge was created. Results Hypertension, hyperlipidemia and smoking were identified as risk factors by nearly 90% of patients, and atrial fibrillation and diabetes by less than 50%. Few patients considered the distractors as stroke/TIA risk factors (3-6%. Patients with a family history of cardiovascular disease, and patients diagnosed with carotid stenosis, atrial fibrillation or diabetes, knew these were stroke/TIA risk factors to a greater extent than patients without these conditions. Atrial fibrillation or a family history of cardiovascular disease was associated with better knowledge about risk factors, and higher age, cerebral haemorrhage and living alone with poorer knowledge. Only 56% of those taking anticoagulant drugs considered this as intended for prevention, while 48% of those taking platelet aggregation inhibitors thought this was for prevention. Conclusions Knowledge about hypertension, hyperlipidemia and smoking as risk factors was good, and patients who suffered from atrial fibrillation or carotid stenosis seemed to be well informed about these conditions as risk factors. However, the knowledge level was low regarding diabetes as a risk factor and regarding the use of anticoagulants and platelet aggregation inhibitors for stroke/TIA prevention. Better teaching strategies for stroke/TIA patients should be developed, with special attention focused on diabetic patients.

Strender Lars-Erik

2010-06-01

148

Avaliação do risco ergonômico em trabalhadores da indústria têxtil por dois instrumentos: quick exposure check e job factors questionnaire / Ergonomic risk assessment in textile industry workers by two instruments: quick exposure check and job factors questionnaire / Evaluación del riesgo ergonómico en trabajadores de la industria textil con dos instrumentos: quick exposure check y job factors questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A análise dos fatores de risco ergonômicos presentes em indústrias têxteis auxilia no planejamento de estratégias que contribuem para a melhora das condições de trabalho e redução dos distúrbios osteomusculares. Este estudo se propôs a mensurar os níveis de exposição aos fatores de risco ergonômicos [...] em trabalhadores de dois setores de produção de uma indústria têxtil. Para tanto, os instrumentos Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) e o Quick Exposure Check (QEC) foram aplicados em 107 trabalhadores. Os resultados foram analisados por estatística descritiva. O teste de Mann-Whitney foi utilizado para comparação dos resultados obtidos entre os setores de produção. O diagnóstico do nível de exposição ao risco ergonômico, obtido por ambos os instrumentos, foi moderado. Os fatores de risco considerados pelo JFQ como mais criticos estão relacionados à temperatura ambiental; postura mantida em longos períodos de tempo; posturas inadequadas para coluna e continuar trabalhando quando está com alguma dor ou com alguma lesão. O QEC identificou as regiões de coluna lombar e punhos/mãos como expostas ao alto risco. Não houveram diferenças estatisticamente significante entre os setores. Abstract in spanish El análisis de los factores de riesgo ergonómicos presentes en industrias textiles ayuda al planeamiento de estrategias que contribuyen a la mejora de las condiciones de trabajo y reducción de los trastornos osteomusculares. Este estudio se propuso medir los niveles de exposición a los factores de r [...] iesgo ergonómicos en trabajadores de dos sectores de producción de una industria textil. Para ello, los instrumentos Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) y el Quick Exposure Check (QEC) fueron aplicados en 107 trabajadores. Los resultados fueron analizados por estadística descriptiva. El test de Mann-Whitney fue utilizado para comparación de los resultados obtenidos entre los sectores de producción. El diagnóstico del nivel de exposición al riesgo ergonómico, obtenido por ambos instrumentos, fue moderado. Los factores de riesgo considerados por el JFQ como más críticos están relacionados a la temperatura ambiental; postura mantenida en largos períodos de tiempo; posturas inadecuadas para la columna y continuar trabajando cuando tiene algún dolor o con alguna lesión. El QEC identificó las regiones de columna lumbar y muñecas/manos como expuestas a alto riesgo. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los sectores. Abstract in english The analysis of ergonomic risk factors that are present in the textile industry helps to plan strategies that can contribute to the improvement of work conditions and the consequent reduction of musculoskeletal disorders. This study aimed at measuring levels of exposure to ergonomic risk factors amo [...] ng workers of two production sections in a textile factory. For this purpose, the instruments Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) and Quick Exposure Check (QEC) were applied in 107 workers. The results were analyzed through descriptive statistics. We used Mann-Whitney's test to compare the results between the production sections. The level of exposure to ergonomic risks, obtained through both instruments, was moderate. The risk factors considered as being critical by the JFQ are related to environmental temperature, posture maintained over long periods of time, inadequate spinal posture, and to working even when the worker feels pain or sustains injuries. The QEC identified regions of the lumbar spine and wrists/hands as being exposed to high risk. There were no statistically significant differences between the sections.

Maria Luiza Caires, Comper; Rosimeire Simprini, Padula.

149

Avaliação do risco ergonômico em trabalhadores da indústria têxtil por dois instrumentos: quick exposure check e job factors questionnaire / Ergonomic risk assessment in textile industry workers by two instruments: quick exposure check and job factors questionnaire / Evaluación del riesgo ergonómico en trabajadores de la industria textil con dos instrumentos: quick exposure check y job factors questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A análise dos fatores de risco ergonômicos presentes em indústrias têxteis auxilia no planejamento de estratégias que contribuem para a melhora das condições de trabalho e redução dos distúrbios osteomusculares. Este estudo se propôs a mensurar os níveis de exposição aos fatores de risco ergonômicos [...] em trabalhadores de dois setores de produção de uma indústria têxtil. Para tanto, os instrumentos Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) e o Quick Exposure Check (QEC) foram aplicados em 107 trabalhadores. Os resultados foram analisados por estatística descritiva. O teste de Mann-Whitney foi utilizado para comparação dos resultados obtidos entre os setores de produção. O diagnóstico do nível de exposição ao risco ergonômico, obtido por ambos os instrumentos, foi moderado. Os fatores de risco considerados pelo JFQ como mais criticos estão relacionados à temperatura ambiental; postura mantida em longos períodos de tempo; posturas inadequadas para coluna e continuar trabalhando quando está com alguma dor ou com alguma lesão. O QEC identificou as regiões de coluna lombar e punhos/mãos como expostas ao alto risco. Não houveram diferenças estatisticamente significante entre os setores. Abstract in spanish El análisis de los factores de riesgo ergonómicos presentes en industrias textiles ayuda al planeamiento de estrategias que contribuyen a la mejora de las condiciones de trabajo y reducción de los trastornos osteomusculares. Este estudio se propuso medir los niveles de exposición a los factores de r [...] iesgo ergonómicos en trabajadores de dos sectores de producción de una industria textil. Para ello, los instrumentos Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) y el Quick Exposure Check (QEC) fueron aplicados en 107 trabajadores. Los resultados fueron analizados por estadística descriptiva. El test de Mann-Whitney fue utilizado para comparación de los resultados obtenidos entre los sectores de producción. El diagnóstico del nivel de exposición al riesgo ergonómico, obtenido por ambos instrumentos, fue moderado. Los factores de riesgo considerados por el JFQ como más críticos están relacionados a la temperatura ambiental; postura mantenida en largos períodos de tiempo; posturas inadecuadas para la columna y continuar trabajando cuando tiene algún dolor o con alguna lesión. El QEC identificó las regiones de columna lumbar y muñecas/manos como expuestas a alto riesgo. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los sectores. Abstract in english The analysis of ergonomic risk factors that are present in the textile industry helps to plan strategies that can contribute to the improvement of work conditions and the consequent reduction of musculoskeletal disorders. This study aimed at measuring levels of exposure to ergonomic risk factors amo [...] ng workers of two production sections in a textile factory. For this purpose, the instruments Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) and Quick Exposure Check (QEC) were applied in 107 workers. The results were analyzed through descriptive statistics. We used Mann-Whitney's test to compare the results between the production sections. The level of exposure to ergonomic risks, obtained through both instruments, was moderate. The risk factors considered as being critical by the JFQ are related to environmental temperature, posture maintained over long periods of time, inadequate spinal posture, and to working even when the worker feels pain or sustains injuries. The QEC identified regions of the lumbar spine and wrists/hands as being exposed to high risk. There were no statistically significant differences between the sections.

Maria Luiza Caires, Comper; Rosimeire Simprini, Padula.

2013-09-01

150

Factor structure of the Social Experience Questionnaire across time, sex, and grade among early elementary school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ample research suggests that peer victimization predicts social and psychological maladjustment, including emotional (e.g., anxiety, low self-esteem, and depression) and behavioral (e.g., aggression) problems among children. Thus, a reliable measure of peer victimization for research with young children is needed. The Social Experience Questionnaire-Self-Report (SEQ-S) has been widely used in existing research to assess children's victimization (Crick & Grotpeter, 1996). However, empirical support for the psychometric properties of the SEQ-S is limited by the methods used to evaluate it (i.e., exploratory as opposed to confirmatory analyses), by the lack of longitudinal data, and by the limited age ranges studied. This study examined the underlying factor structure of SEQ-S ratings across 3 time points in a sample of 830 early elementary school children using confirmatory factor analysis. The hypothesized model included 3 latent factors: overt victimization, relational victimization, and receipt of prosocial acts from peers. This model provided a good fit to the data at each time point. Although it is not clear that there is invariance, results indicate that invariance across time, sex, and grade could be present. Recommendations for continued use of the SEQ-S in future research on peer victimization with young children are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23730827

Desjardins, Tracy; Yeung Thompson, Rachel S; Sukhawathanakul, Paweena; Leadbeater, Bonnie J; Macdonald, Stuart W S

2013-12-01

151

Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Cognitive Dysfunction Questionnaire: instrument refinement and measurement invariance across age and sex.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study adopted Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) to investigate the factorial structure and reduce the number of items of the Cognitive Dysfunction Questionnaire (CDQ). The analyses were based on data for a total of 1,115 participants from population based samples (mean age: 63.0 ± 14.5 years, range: 25-95) randomly split into a refinement (N = 569) and a cross-validation (N = 546) sample. Equivalence of the measurement and structural portions of the refined model was demonstrated across the refinement and cross-validation samples. Among competing models the best fitting and parsimonious model had a hierarchical factor structure with five first-order and one second-order general factor. For the final version of the CDQ, 20 items within five domains were selected (Procedural actions, Semantic word knowledge, Face recognition, Temporal orientation, and Spatial navigation). Internal consistency reliabilities were adequate for the total scale and for the subscales. Multigroup CFAs indicated measurement invariance across age and sex up to the scalar level. Finally, higher levels of cognitive dysfunction as reflected by CDQ scores were predicted by advancing age, fewer years of education, and with deficits in general cognitive functioning as reflected by scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination. In conclusion, the CDQ appears to be psychometrically sound and shows the expected relationships with variables known to be associated with cognitive dysfunction and dementia. Future studies should apply it among clinical groups to further test its usefulness. PMID:22962857

Vestergren, Peter; Rönnlund, Michael; Nyberg, Lars; Nilsson, Lars-Göran

2012-10-01

152

Internal factors affecting the jury members verdict  

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The article is devoted to the analysis of socio-demographic and individual psychological characteristics that influence the verdict of jury. The study involved 38 men and women aged 25 to 64 years. With the help of a questionnaire, developed on the basis of legal development model by J. Tapp and F. Levine, we revealed levels of jury members’ legal conscience, which, together with socio-demographic characteristics and personality characteristics of the subjects, identified by R. Cattell 16PF...

Kalashnikova A.S.; Levochkina N.S.

2013-01-01

153

The factor structure of the twelve item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12: the result of negative phrasing?  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 is used routinely as a unidimensional measure of psychological morbidity. Many factor-analytic studies have reported that the GHQ-12 has two or three dimensions, threatening its validity. It is possible that these 'dimensions' are the result of the wording of the GHQ-12, namely its division into positively phrased (PP and negatively phrased (NP statements about mood states. Such 'method effects' introduce response bias which should be taken into account when deriving and interpreting factors. Methods GHQ-12 data were obtained from the 2004 cohort of the Health Survey for England (N = 3705. Following exploratory factor analysis (EFA, the goodness of fit indices of one, two and three factor models were compared with those of a unidimensional model specifying response bias on the NP items, using structural equation modelling (SEM. The hypotheses were (1 the variance of the responses would be significantly higher for NP items than for PP items because of response bias, and (2 that the modelling of response bias would provide the best fit for the data. Results Consistent with previous reports, EFA suggested a two-factor solution dividing the items into NP and PP items. The variance of responses to the NP items was substantially and significantly higher than for the PP items. The model incorporating response bias was the best fit for the data on all indices (RMSEA = 0.068, 90%CL = 0.064, 0.073. Analysis of the frequency of responses suggests that the response bias derives from the ambiguity of the response options for the absence of negative mood states. Conclusion The data are consistent with the GHQ-12 being a unidimensional scale with a substantial degree of response bias for the negatively phrased items. Studies that report the GHQ-12 as multidimensional without taking this response bias into account risk interpreting the artefactual factor structure as denoting 'real' constructs, committing the methodological error of reification. Although the GHQ-12 seems unidimensional as intended, the presence of such a large response bias should be taken into account in the analysis of GHQ-12 data.

Hankins Matthew

2008-04-01

154

A study of risk factors for infection with HPAI H5N1 in small poultry farms in Thailand using a questionnaire survey.  

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A questionnaire was used to collect data on small poultry farm management and wild bird observed in poultry keeping areas to identify putative risk factors for infection with HPAI H5N1. The study was conducted in 2008 in four subdistricts of central Thailand that had experienced outbreaks of HPAI H5N1 in poultry. Descriptive and inferential analyses including univariable analyses and multivariable logistic regression were used to identify putative risk factors. Risk factors included purchasin...

Siengsanan-lamont, J.; Robertson, Id; Blacksell, Sd; Ellis, T.; Saengchoowong, S.; Suwanpukdee, S.; Yongyuttawichai, P.; Cheewajorn, K.; Jangjaras, J.; Chaichoun, K.; Wiriyarat, W.; Ratanakorn, P.

2013-01-01

155

Questionnaire Survey on the Occurrence of Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst Farmers in Thika District, Kenya  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english A survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst farmers in Thika District, Kenya. Interviews were conducted in a total of 385 households using a structured questionnaire. The water consumed at household level originated from taps (74.3%), ri [...] vers or streams (15.1%), wells (5.4%) and boreholes (5.2%). A number of households (46.8%) consumed water without boiling or applying any form of treatment. All respondents washed vegetables before cooking, whilst 99.0% washed fruits before eating. Boiled milk was preferred by 99.5% of the farmers. The majority (85.2%) consumed beef more often, whilst 1.6% consumed pork. The majority (98.7%) consumed thoroughly cooked meat. Meat was preserved by 17% of farmers. Only four farmers (1.2%) who practised mixed farming used gloves when handling livestock manure. Five farmers (1.6%) reported the occurrence of abortion in ruminants and pigs on their farms within the last two years before the study. Almost half (44.9%) of the households owned cats, which were kept mainly as pets (79.8%) and for deterring rodents (20.2%). The majority of households (91.3%) fed the cats on leftovers, whilst 8.1% fed cats with raw offal. Sixteen households (9.2%) provided housing for cats. Only five households (2.8%) had litter boxes, but none of the households with litter boxes used gloves when cleaning them out. Disposal of cat faeces was done mainly by women (55.5%). Only one farmer (0.3%) had some knowledge about toxoplasmosis, but was not aware of the transmission mechanism. The study highlights the need for public health education to raise awareness of risk factors for toxoplasmosis.

Edwin, Ogendi; Naomi, Maina; John, Kagira; Maina, Ngotho; Gabriel, Mbugua; Simon, Karanja.

156

Repeatability of Maternal Report on Prenatal, Perinatal and Early Postnatal Factors : Findings from the IDEFICS Parental Questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

To investigate the repeatability of maternal self-reported prenatal, perinatal and early postnatal factors within the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants) study. Design: Data are from the baseline survey of the longitudinal cohort study IDEFICS in eight European countries. Subjects: A total of 420 parents from eight countries (43–61 per country) were asked to complete the parental questionnaire (PQ) twice at least 1 month apart. Measurements: The PQ assesses prenatal (maternal weight gain), perinatal (child's birth weight and length, Caesarean (C)-section, week of delivery) and early postnatal factors (exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding, introduction of solid food). Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were calculated to compare maternal reports on prenatal, perinatal and early postnatal factors between the first and second PQ. Results: In total, 249 data sets were considered for the analyses. Overall, maternal reports for prenatal and perinatal factors showed higher repeatability (ICC=0.81–1.00, Pless than or equal to0.05 for all) than those for early infant nutrition (ICC=0.33–0.88, Pless than or equal to0.05 for all). Perfect agreement was found for parental reports on C-section (ICCall=1.00, Pless than or equal to0.05). There was stronger agreement for duration of breastfeeding (ICC=0.71, Pless than or equal to0.05) compared with exclusive breastfeeding (ICC=0.33, Pless than or equal to0.05). Maternal reports showed moderate correlation for the introduction of several types of food (cereals ICC=0.64, Pless than or equal to0.05; fruits ICC=0.70, Pless than or equal to0.05; meat ICC=0.83, Pless than or equal to0.05; vegetables ICC=0.75, Pless than or equal to0.05), and high correlation (ICC=0.88, Pless than or equal to0.05) for cow's milk. Conclusion: Maternal reports on pregnancy and birth were highly reproducible, but parental recall of early infant nutrition was weaker and should be interpreted more cautiously.

Hermann, Diana; Suling, Marc

2011-01-01

157

Further evidence concerning motivational distortion on the Sixteen Personality Factor primaries by male felons.  

Science.gov (United States)

A multiple regression analysis was used to determine the susceptibility of the 16 Personality Factor Test (16PF) to faking for a sample of male felons. The study is a replication of an earlier study of a similar sample. Motivational distortion (MD) correlated significantly with the 16PF primary scores. The relationship was most evident when the structure coefficients rather than the beta weights were analyzed. The findings were consistent with the previous results which indicated a fairly high degree of support for the MD corrections provided in the manual. An important exception was that Dominance (E) was suppressed by individuals from both samples when MD was present. PMID:2231256

Seibel, H P; Wallbrown, F H; Reuter, E K; Barnett, R W

1990-01-01

158

Development of a basic questionnaire for human-factors applications in nuclear-power-plant control rooms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper analyzes the efforts of a study team in developing an assessment instrument. Principles are outlined for development of any questionnaire or control room survey and some of the actual processes used in the FFTF project are described

159

The Personal Attribute Inventory: A Measure of Self-Concept and Personality Profiles.  

Science.gov (United States)

As evidence that the Personal Attribute Inventory (PAI) is a self-concept scale, the present study required 265 college students to respond to it and to the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF). As hypothesized, the PAI was significantly related to the self-concept factor on the 16 PF. (Author/CTM)

Kappes, Bruno M.; Parish, Thomas S.

1979-01-01

160

Primary nocturnal enuresis as a risk factor for sleep disorders: an observational questionnaire-based multicenter study  

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Full Text Available Maria Esposito,1 Beatrice Gallai,2 Lucia Parisi,3 Michele Roccella,3 Rosa Marotta,4 Serena Marianna Lavano,4 Giovanni Mazzotta,5 Marco Carotenuto11Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy; 2Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 3Child Neuropsychiatry, Department of Psychology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; 4Department of Psychiatry, “Magna Graecia” University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; 5Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, AUSL Umbria 2, Terni, ItalyIntroduction: Primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE is a common problem in developmental age with an estimated overall prevalence ranging from 1.6% to 15%, and possible persistence during adolescence. There is a growing interest in the sleep habits of children affected by PNE, which is derived from the contradictory data present in clinical literature. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence of sleep disturbances in a population of children affected by PNE, and to identify whether PNE could be considered as a risk factor for sleep disturbances among children.Materials and methods: A total of 190 PNE children (97 males, 93 females aged 7–15 years, (mean 9.64 ± 1.35 years, and 766 typically developing children matched for age (P = 0.131 and gender (P = 0.963 were enrolled. To evaluate the presence of sleep habits and disturbances, all of the subjects’ mothers filled out the Sleep Disturbances Scale for Children (SDSC, a questionnaire consisting of six subscales: Disorders in Initiating and Maintaining Sleep (DIMS, Sleep Breathing Disorders (SBD, Disorders of Arousal (DA, Sleep–Wake Transition Disorders (SWTD, Disorders of Excessive Somnolence (DOES, and Nocturnal Hyperhidrosis (SHY. The results were divided into “pathological” and “normal” scores using a cut-off value (pathological score = at least three episodes per week, according to the validation criteria of the test. Then, the Chi-square test was used to calculate the statistical difference and a univariate logistic regression analysis was applied to determine the role of PNE as a risk factor for the development of each category of sleep disorders and to calculate the odds ratio (OR.Results: PNE children show a higher prevalence of all sleep disturbances (41.03% DIMS; 85.12% SBD; 63.29% DA; 67.53% SWTD; 31.28% DOES; 37.92% SHY; 25.33% SDSC total score, and according to OR results (SDSC total score OR = 8.293, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 5.079–13.540; DIMS OR = 7.639, 95% CI = 5.192–11.238; SBD OR = 35.633, 95% CI = 22.717–55.893; DA OR = 13.734, 95% CI = 9.476–19.906; SWTD OR = 14.238, 95% CI = 9.829–20.625; DOES OR = 5.602, 95% CI = 3.721–8.432; SHY OR = 6.808, 95% CI = 4.608–10.059, PNE could be considered as a risk factor for the development of sleep disorders.Conclusion: Among PNE children, sleep could be strongly altered, thus helping to affirm the hypothesis that PNE tends to alter sleep architecture, or it could itself be the consequence of an abnormal sleep structure. The findings also point to the existence of a potential increase in the risk of developing sleep disorders in the presence of PNE.Keywords: primary nocturnal enuresis, SDSC, sleep

Esposito M

2013-03-01

 
 
 
 
161

Early life factors, childhood cognition and postal questionnaire response rate in middle age: the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the relationship between early life factors and survey response in epidemiological studies of adults. Methods The Children of the 1950s cohort is composed of 12,150 children (boys 51.7% born in Aberdeen 1950–56 and in primary schools in the city in 1962. Information on birth weight, gestational age, growth, behaviour and socio-economic position at birth and in childhood were obtained from contemporaneous records. Cognitive test scores at ages 7,9 and 11 years were also available from school records. The outcome was response to a postal questionnaire sent (2001–2003 to surviving cohort members in middle age. Results Of 11,282 potentially mailed subjects, 7,183 (63.7% returned questionnaires. Response rates were highest among females, and those whose parents were married at birth, were in a non-manual social class at birth or in childhood, had fewer siblings, were taller and heavier in childhood for their age and had lower Rutter B behavioural scores. Childhood cognitive test scores at every age were strongly and positively related to the response rate to a postal questionnaire independently of other early life factors monotonically across the entire range of test scores. Those in the bottom fifth at age 11 had a response rate of 49% while those in the top fifth 75%. Conclusion The strength and consistency of the association of childhood cognition with questionnaire response rate in middle age is surprisingly large. It suggests that childhood cognition across the entire normal range is a powerful influence on the complex set of later behaviours that comprise questionnaire response. The extent of possible response bias in epidemiological studies of the associations between childhood characteristics (particularly those related to cognition and later health is probably larger than is generally realised, at least in situations where the survey instrument is a postal questionnaire.

Morton Susan M

2005-05-01

162

Work-related complaints of arm, neck and shoulder among computer office workers in an Asian country: prevalence and validation of a risk-factor questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Complaints of arm, neck and/or shoulders (CANS affects millions of computer office workers. However its prevalence and associated risk factors in developing countries are yet to be investigated, due to non availability of validated assessment tools for these countries. We evaluated the 1-year prevalence of CANS among computer office workers in Sri Lanka and tested the psychometric properties of a translated risk factor questionnaire. Methods Computer office workers at a telecommunication company in Sri Lankan received the Sinhalese version of the validated Maastricht Upper Extremity Questionnaire (MUEQ. The 94 items in the questionnaire covers demographic characteristics, CANS and evaluates potential risk factors for CANS in six domains. Forward and backward translation of the MUEQ was done by two independent bi-lingual translators. One-year prevalence of CANS and psychometric properties of the Sinhalese questionnaire were investigated. Results Response rate was 97.7% (n = 440. Males were 42.7%. Mean age was 38.2 ± 9.5 years. One-year prevalence of CANS was 63.6% (mild-53.7% and severe-10%. The highest incidences were for neck (36.1% and shoulder (34.3% complaints. Two factors for each domain in the scale were identified by exploratory factor analysis (i.e. work-area, computer-position, incorrect body posture, bad-habits, skills and abilities, decision-making, time-management, work-overload, work-breaks, variation in work, work-environment and social-support. Calculation of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha 0.43-0.82 and cross-validation provided evidence of reliability and lack of redundancy of items. Conclusion One year prevalence of CANS in the study population corresponds strongly with prevalence in developed countries. Translated version of the MUEQ has satisfactory psychometric properties for it to be used to assess work-related risk factors for development of CANS among Sri Lankan computer office workers.

Jayawardana Naveen

2011-04-01

163

Introducing a short version of the physical self description questionnaire: new strategies, short-form evaluative criteria, and applications of factor analyses.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Based on the Physical Self Description Questionnaire (PSDQ) normative archive (n = 1,607 Australian adolescents), 40 of 70 items were selected to construct a new short form (PSDQ-S). The PSDQ-S was evaluated in a new cross-validation sample of 708 Australian adolescents and four additional samples: 349 Australian elite-athlete adolescents, 986 Spanish adolescents, 395 Israeli university students, 760 Australian older adults. Across these six groups, the 11 PSDQ-S factors had consistently high...

Marsh, Hw; Martin, Aj; Jackson, S.

2010-01-01

164

Factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese children / Estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Rutter para Professores numa amostra de crianças portuguesas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Analisar a estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Rutter para Professores numa amostra de crianças portuguesas do 1º Ciclo do Ensino Básico. MÉTODO: O questionário, constituído por 26 itens que avaliam problemas do comportamento, foi preenchido pelos professores de 877 crianças (6-11 anos). [...] As respostas foram sujeitas a uma análise fatorial, por meio do método de componentes principais com rotação ortogonal varimax. RESULTADOS: Na amostra total, a estrutura fatorial resultou em três fatores que explicam 38,88% da variância total e que foram denominados: problemas de hiperatividade/conduta (Fator 1), ansiedade/depressão (Fator 2) e vadiagem/furto (Fator 3). A correlação entre os fatores 1 e 3 foi a mais elevada. As pontuações fatoriais foram significativamente mais elevadas nos rapazes do que nas raparigas e apresentaram uma relação inversa com a classe social e com o rendimento escolar. As estruturas fatoriais realizadas separadamente para rapazes e raparigas revelaram grandes similitudes. CONCLUSÕES: Os itens do Factor 1 parecem relacionar-se com o distúrbio hipercinético da conduta proposto pela Classificação Internacional de Doenças-10. Os resultados sugerem que a versão portuguesa do Questionário de Rutter para Professores apresenta parâmetros psicométricos adequados, podendo ser útil na avaliação dos problemas de comportamento das crianças. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To examine the factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese primary school children. METHOD: The Rutter Teacher Questionnaire, a 26-item scale covering a variety of behavioral problems, was completed by teachers of 877 children, aged 6 to 11 years. Data were subjecte [...] d to factor analysis using the principal components solution with varimax rotation. RESULTS: The factorial analysis in total sample revealed three factors explaining 38.88% of the total variance. The factors contained items representing hyperactivity/conduct (Factor 1), anxious/depressive (Factor 2) and truancy/stealing (Factor 3). The highest correlations between factors scores were for Factor 1 and Factor 3. These Factors scores were higher in boys than girls and correlated with lower social class. All three Factors scores correlated with school performance. The comparison between separate factorial structures for the samples of boys and girls revealed a considerable overlap. CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of the items contained on Factor 1 appears to be related with the category of hyperkinetic conduct disorder used by the International Classification of Diseases-10. Results suggest that the Portuguese language version of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire possesses good psychometric properties and may be considered a useful instrument for measuring children's behavior problems.

Ana Telma, Pereira; Berta Rodrigues, Maia; Mariana, Marques; Sandra Carvalho, Bos; Maria João, Soares; Ana, Gomes; António, Macedo; Maria Helena Pinto de, Azevedo.

2008-12-01

165

Factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese children Estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Rutter para Professores numa amostra de crianças portuguesas  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To examine the factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese primary school children. METHOD: The Rutter Teacher Questionnaire, a 26-item scale covering a variety of behavioral problems, was completed by teachers of 877 children, aged 6 to 11 years. Data were subjected to factor analysis using the principal components solution with varimax rotation. RESULTS: The factorial analysis in total sample revealed three factors explaining 38.88% of the total variance. The factors contained items representing hyperactivity/conduct (Factor 1, anxious/depressive (Factor 2 and truancy/stealing (Factor 3. The highest correlations between factors scores were for Factor 1 and Factor 3. These Factors scores were higher in boys than girls and correlated with lower social class. All three Factors scores correlated with school performance. The comparison between separate factorial structures for the samples of boys and girls revealed a considerable overlap. CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of the items contained on Factor 1 appears to be related with the category of hyperkinetic conduct disorder used by the International Classification of Diseases-10. Results suggest that the Portuguese language version of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire possesses good psychometric properties and may be considered a useful instrument for measuring children's behavior problems.OBJETIVO: Analisar a estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Rutter para Professores numa amostra de crianças portuguesas do 1º Ciclo do Ensino Básico. MÉTODO: O questionário, constituído por 26 itens que avaliam problemas do comportamento, foi preenchido pelos professores de 877 crianças (6-11 anos. As respostas foram sujeitas a uma análise fatorial, por meio do método de componentes principais com rotação ortogonal varimax. RESULTADOS: Na amostra total, a estrutura fatorial resultou em três fatores que explicam 38,88% da variância total e que foram denominados: problemas de hiperatividade/conduta (Fator 1, ansiedade/depressão (Fator 2 e vadiagem/furto (Fator 3. A correlação entre os fatores 1 e 3 foi a mais elevada. As pontuações fatoriais foram significativamente mais elevadas nos rapazes do que nas raparigas e apresentaram uma relação inversa com a classe social e com o rendimento escolar. As estruturas fatoriais realizadas separadamente para rapazes e raparigas revelaram grandes similitudes. CONCLUSÕES: Os itens do Factor 1 parecem relacionar-se com o distúrbio hipercinético da conduta proposto pela Classificação Internacional de Doenças-10. Os resultados sugerem que a versão portuguesa do Questionário de Rutter para Professores apresenta parâmetros psicométricos adequados, podendo ser útil na avaliação dos problemas de comportamento das crianças.

Ana Telma Pereira

2008-12-01

166

The relationship of personality factors to teacher longevity of mathematics and science teachers in Nevada  

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The problem of teacher shortage in the United States has been studied extensively. Struggling schools and school districts have resorted to filling positions with unqualified teachers, substitutes, and recruiting teachers from foreign nations. Despite recommendations made by the research, each year schools confront the same problem of teachers leaving the classroom. The need to hire and retain good mathematics and science teachers in our nation's secondary schools is high. It is posited that if the personality factors of mathematics and science teachers in Nevada could be determined in teachers who remain in education, then recommendations could be made in conjunction with the existing data for how to better retain those teachers longer. The purpose of this study was to determine if there were any correlations between personality factors, as measured by the Cattell 16PF, with longevity of stay in mathematics and science teachers in Nevada. Seventy-nine subjects took part in the study. They came from six school districts in Nevada: four rural and two urban. Subjects volunteered based upon proctor requests from each participating school district. The Cattell 16PF Questionnaire and demographic form were administered to each participant along with an incentive for completing the forms. Data were collected between October, 2007 -- October, 2008. T-tests were used to compare rural and urban school district teachers, a one-way ANOVA was used to compare rural, urban, and nationally normed teacher means, and a Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient (r) was used to determine if significant correlations existed between each personality factor and longevity of stay. Results of the study showed Nevada mathematics and science teachers had low mean scores for personality factor A (Warmth) and personality factor I (Sensitivity). They had means near the middle for all other personality factors. The study also found two personality factors that correlated significantly with longevity of stay: low with personality factor A (Warmth) (r = -.223, p < .05) and high for personality factor Q4 (Tension) (r = .291, p < .01). Based on the results of the study, it is recommended that mathematics and science teachers receive training to become more aware of struggling students so that they can be more sensitive to their learning needs.

Tun, Ruby Jee

167

A study of risk factors for infection with HPAI H5N1 in small poultry farms in Thailand using a questionnaire survey.  

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A questionnaire was used to collect data on small poultry farm management and wild bird observed in poultry keeping areas to identify putative risk factors for infection with HPAI H5N1. The study was conducted in 2008 in four subdistricts of central Thailand that had experienced outbreaks of HPAI H5N1 in poultry. Descriptive and inferential analyses including univariable analyses and multivariable logistic regression were used to identify putative risk factors. Risk factors included purchasing native chickens/fighting cocks from commercial hatcheries, replacing or restocking birds individually, and observing lesser whistling ducks (Dendrocygna javanica) on the farm daily. Selecting healthy animals when purchasing animals to ensure that they were disease free was a protective factor. To fully understand the epidemiology of infection of small poultry farms with HPAI H5N1, control of movement of domestic poultry and serological and virological testing of the poultry population should be applied. PMID:22835016

Siengsanan-Lamont, J; Robertson, I D; Blacksell, S D; Ellis, T; Saengchoowong, S; Suwanpukdee, S; Yongyuttawichai, P; Cheewajorn, K; Jangjaras, J; Chaichoun, K; Wiriyarat, W; Ratanakorn, P

2013-05-01

168

Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of The Career Development Questionnaire And The Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale For South African High School Students  

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Full Text Available This study investigated the construct validity of the Career Development Questionnaire and the Career Decision- Making Self-Efficacy Scale for Grade 12 students from a low socioeconomic area in South Africa. The results of confirmatory factor analyses provided support for the construct validity of the Career Development Questionnaire and the Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale as measures of career maturity and career decision-making self efficacy respectively.

Opsomming
Hierdie studie het ondersoek ingestel na die konstrukgeldigheid van die Loopbaanontwikkelingsvraelys en die Loopbaan-besluitneming-selfdoeltreffendheidskaal vir Graad 12 leerlinge van ‘n lae sosio-ekonomiese gebied. Die resultate van bevestigende faktorontledings het ondersteuning gebied vir die konstrukgeldigheid van die twee vraelyste as meetinstrumente van onderskeidelik loopbaanvolwassenheid en loopbaanbesluit-nemingselfdoeltreffendheid.

Gideon P. de Bruin

2002-09-01

169

Influence factors of risk perception of radiation and its background. Questionnaire survey for reclamation project in the uranium mine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To obtain public understanding on the uranium mining sites reclamation at Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, it is necessary to conduct appropriate Risk Communication (RC). In this study, to discuss the appropriate Risk communication method on the uranium mining sites reclamation, we conducted questionnaire survey and text analysis. The results of the text analysis are as follows: (1) The main elements of the concern of radiation are the uneasiness to oncogenesis or a health effect. (2) The trusts for technology or scientists are the main elements of the reliance for the standard of radiation, in the group which shows low-sense of ownership, hatred for radioactive ray has a strong impact relatively. (author)

170

Socio-demographic factors influencing Preventive Dental Behaviours in an Adult Dentate population: A questionnaire based survey  

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Full Text Available Good oral health can be achieved by preventive dental behaviours such as regular dental visits as well as practising adequate selfcare by means of proper and frequent tooth brushing methods. OBJECTIVES: To correlate the influence of socio-economic parameters (occupation, education and income according to modified Kuppuswamy's scale on preventive dental behaviours such as frequency of dental visits and tooth brushing with paste. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire based cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the influence of socio- economic status on Dental visits and frequency of tooth brushing in patients visiting the O.P.D ( Out Patient Department at I.T.S Dental College, Greater Noida. A total of 327 patients from 18 to 74 years were included from both the genders. A fifteen item closed ended questionnaire was prepared, which had information regarding the Chief complaint along with Age, Gender, Socioeconomic Status, intervals of dental visits and frequency of brushing. Kuppuswamy's socioeconomic classification, which includes monthly income, education level and occupation, was used to classify the socioeconomic status (SES of the patients. RESULTS:There was no statistically significant difference reported between various levels of education, socio-economic status and gender when correlated with the frequency of dental visits. However, the results show that with increase in the level of education and socio-economic status the frequency of tooth brushing was positively correlated. CONCLUSION: The results of our study suggest that groups with low education and socio-economic status are important targets to enhance dental preventive behaviours.

Sachit Anand Arora

2011-07-01

171

Counselor Personality and Level of Functioning as Perceived by Counselees  

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Relationship Inventory and The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16pf) were employed to establish significant correlations of moderate magnitude between four personality factors and three relationship variables, and to discriminate effectively for level of functioning. (Author/CJ)

Donnan, Hugh H.; and others

1969-01-01

172

The Counselor Evaluation Rating Scale: A Valid Criterion of Counselor Effectiveness?  

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The validity of recent recommendations regarding the use of certain factors of the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) to select persons for counselor training programs, where the CERS was the criterion measure, is challenged. (Author)

Jones, Lawrence K.

1974-01-01

173

Confirmatory factor analysis of the Baby Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and associations with infant weight, gender and feeding mode in an Australian sample.  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the factor structure of the Baby Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (BEBQ) in an Australian community sample of mother-infant dyads. A secondary aim was to explore the relationship between the BEBQ subscales and infant gender, weight and current feeding mode. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) utilising structural equation modelling examined the hypothesised four-factor model of the BEBQ. Only mothers (N?=?467) who completed all items on the BEBQ (infant age: M?=?17 weeks, SD?=3 weeks) were included in the analysis. The original four-factor model did not provide an acceptable fit to the data due to poor performance of the Satiety responsiveness factor. Removal of this factor (three items) resulted in a well-fitting three-factor model. Cronbach's ? was acceptable for the Enjoyment of food (??=?0.73), Food responsiveness (??=?0.78) and Slowness in eating (??=?0.68) subscales but low for the Satiety responsiveness (??=?0.56) subscale. Enjoyment of food was associated with higher infant weight whereas Slowness in eating and Satiety responsiveness were both associated with lower infant weight. Differences on all four subscales as a function of feeding mode were observed. This study is the first to use CFA to evaluate the hypothesised factor structure of the BEBQ. Findings support further development work on the Satiety responsiveness subscale in particular, but confirm the utility of the Enjoyment of food, Food responsiveness and Slowness in eating subscales. PMID:25009080

Mallan, Kimberley M; Daniels, Lynne A; de Jersey, Susan J

2014-11-01

174

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

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College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

175

Reassessment of the Psychometric Characteristics and Factor Structure of the 'Perceived Stress Questionnaire' (PSQ): Analysis in a Sample of Dental Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The training to become a dentist can create psychological distress. The present study evaluates the structure of the ‘Perceived Stress Questionnaire’ (PSQ), its internal consistency model and interrelatedness with burnout, anxiety, depression and resilience among dental students. Methods The study employed a cross-sectional design. A sample of Spanish dental students (n?=?314) completed the PSQ, the ‘Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scale’ (GADS), ‘Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale’ (10-item CD-RISC) and ‘Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey’ (MBI-SS). The structure was estimated using Parallel Analysis from polychoric correlations. Unweighted Least Squares was the method for factor extraction, using the Item Response Theory to evaluate the discriminative power of items. Internal consistency was assessed by squaring the correlation between the latent true variable and the observed variable. The relationships between the PSQ and the other constructs were analysed using Spearman’s coefficient. Results The results showed a PSQ structure through two sub-factors (‘frustration’ and ‘tenseness’) with regard to one general factor (‘perceived stress’). Items that did not satisfy discriminative capacity were rejected. The model fit were acceptable (GFI?=?0.98; RSMR?=?0.06; AGFI?=?0.98; NFI?=?0.98; RFI?=?0.98). All the factors showed adequate internal consistency as measured by the congeneric model (?0.91). High and significant associations were observed between perceived stress and burnout, anxiety, depression and resilience. Conclusions The PSQ showed a hierarchical bi-factor structure among Spanish dental students. Using the questionnaire as a uni-dimensional scale may be useful in perceived stress level discrimination, while the sub-factors could help us to refine perceived stress analysis and improve therapeutic processes. PMID:24466330

Montero-Marin, Jesus; Piva Demarzo, Marcelo Marcos; Pereira, Joao Paulo; Olea, Marina; Garcia-Campayo, Javier

2014-01-01

176

Cuestionarios sobre factores de riesgo de la exposición y la accidentalidad por tráfico en conductores: Una revisión A review of questionnaires exploring driver´s exposure and risk factors in road crashes  

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Full Text Available Dada la diversidad de cuestionarios empleados en el estudio de la epidemiología analítica de las lesiones por tráfico, realizamos una revisión de los estudios publicados al respecto entre 1989 a 2011, con objeto de identificar sus fortalezas y debilidades. Dicha revisión puso de relieve que la mayor parte de los cuestionarios se centran en el factor humano sobre el riesgo de accidente, pero son muy pocos los que incluyen la intensidad de exposición y la asociación de ésta con otros factores de riesgo de la accidentalidad. Muchos cuestionarios poseen un elevado número de ítems y complejas escalas de valoración. Además, en España son escasos los cuestionarios validados sobre la exposición y la accidentalidad por tráfico. Por todo ello, es necesario trabajar en el diseño y la validación de cuestionarios que recojan de forma sencilla información integral sobre la epidemiología de las lesiones por tráfico de cara a su mayor conocimiento y prevención.Given the diversity of questionnaires currently being used in the study of the analytic epidemiology of traffic injuries, we made a review of studies on this question published between 1989 and 2011 in order to identify their advantages and disadvantages. We were able to observe that most of the questionnaires were focused on the human factor regarding the risk of road crashes, but very few of them included intensity of exposure and its association with other risk factors in road crashes. Many questionnaires have a high number of items and complex rating scales. Furthermore, in Spain there are few validated questionnaires which contain complete information about exposure and road crashes. In Spain we should work on the design and validation of questionnaires containing questions aimed at obtaining complete and easy information about the epidemiology of traffic injuries. In this way we would be able to increase our awareness of traffic injuries and how to prevent them.

E. Jiménez Mejías

2011-12-01

177

VALIDEZ DE UN INSTRUMENTO MULTIDIMESIONAL PARA MEDIR FACTORES DE RIESGO ASOCIADOS A TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA EN PÚBERES MEXICANOS VALIDITY OF A MULTIDIMENSIONAL QUESTIONNAIRE TO MEASURE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED TO EATING DISORDERS IN MEXICAN PUBESCENTS  

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Full Text Available Objetivo: obtener la validez y consistencia interna de un cuestionario para púberes mexicanos, hombres y mujeres, que evalúe factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. Sujetos y método: El cuestionario se aplicó a una muestra no probabilística, de púberes estudiantes de la ciudad de México (504 hombres y 511 mujeres, con edades de 11 a 15 años de edad, con una media de 12,13. Se realizó un análisis de consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach y un análisis factorial de componentes principales con rotación oblimin por el método de máxima verosimilitud. Resultados: Ambos instrumentos arrojaron 5 factores, con una buena consistencia interna, alcanzando un valor total de alpha de Cronbach de 0,75 para hombres (55,6% de varianza explicada y 0,83 para mujeres (57,6% de varianza explicada. Conclusión: El instrumento resultó válido en hombres y mujeres, para medir factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos alimentarios, principalmente socioculturales, conductas alimentarias y desarrollo puberal.Objective: To obtain the validity and internal consistency of a questionnaire for the screening of risk factors associated to eating disorders in Mexican pubescent males and females. Subjects and methods: The questionnaire was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 504 males and 511 female students in México City from 11 to 15 years of age with a median of 12,13. Statistical methods included internal consistency analysis (Cronbach's alpha and principal components factor analysis with oblimin rotation. Results: Both instruments obtained five-factors structure, showed a good total Cronbach's alpha score: males 0,75 (55,6 %, and females 0,83 (57,6% of the total explained variance. Males displayed a normal eating behavior factor, while for females a restrictive dieting factor was obtained. Conclusions: This questionnaire is a valid measure in pubescent boys and girls for assessing risk factors associated with eating disorders, in particular socio-cultural factors, eating behaviors and pubertal development.

Teresita de Jesús Saucedo-Molina

2010-03-01

178

Test Results as an Aid in Personnel Selection  

Science.gov (United States)

Determines effectiveness of Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) and Otis Self-Administering Tests of Mental Ability as screening techniques in predicting leadership in a particular company. (EK)

Porter, Rutherford B.

1970-01-01

179

Reliability of a Personality Test for Narcotic Addicts in Treatment  

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The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) was used to determine retest reliability (7-day interval) and motivational distortion for a sample of narcotic addicts (N=141) legally committed to treatment and tested by staff for routine diagnostic purposes. (Author)

Kaestner, Elisabeth; Goldstein, Marvin

1977-01-01

180

Concurrent Validity for an Activity Vector Analysis Index of Social Adjustment.  

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Administered the Activity Vector Analysis (AVA) and the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) (N=144 adults) to examine the concurrent validity of the AVA. Results supported the validity of the AVA's social adjustment measure. (LLL)

Plante, Thomas G.; Goldfarb, Lori A.

1984-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Domains of disgust sensitivity: revisited factor structure of the questionnaire for the assessment of disgust sensitivity (QADS in a cross-sectional, representative german survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Disgust sensitivity is defined as a predisposition to experiencing disgust, which can be measured on the basis of the Disgust Scale and its German version, the Questionnaire for the Assessment of Disgust Sensitivity (QADS. In various studies, different factor structures were reported for either instrument. The differences may most likely be due to the selected factor analysis estimation methods and the small non-representative samples. Consequently, the aims of this study were to explore and confirm a theory-driven and statistically coherent QADS factor structure in a large representative sample and to present its standard values. Methods The QADS was answered by N = 2473 healthy subjects. The respective households and participants were selected using the random-route sampling method. Afterwards, the collected sample was compared to the information from the Federal Statistical Office to ensure that it was representative for the German residential population. With these data, an exploratory Promax-rotated Principal Axis Factor Analysis as well as comparative confirmatory factor analyses with robust Maximum Likelihood estimations were computed. Any possible socio-demographic influences were quantified as effect sizes. Results The data-driven and theoretically sound solution with the three highly interrelated factors Animal Reminder Disgust, Core Disgust, and Contamination Disgust led to a moderate model fit. All QADS scales had very good reliabilities (Cronbach's alpha from .90 to .95. There were no age-differences found among the participants, however, the female participants showed remarkably higher disgust ratings. Conclusions Based on the representative sample, the QADS factor structure was revised. Gender-specific standard percentages permit a population-based assessment of individual disgust sensitivity. The differences of the original QADS, the new solution, and the Disgust Scale - Revised will be discussed.

Brähler Elmar

2010-10-01

182

Análise confirmatória do Questionário de Satisfação do Atleta: versão Portuguesa / Confirmatory factor analysis of the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ): Portuguese version  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objectivo do estudo foi examinar as propriedades psicométrica da versão Portuguesa do Questionário de Satisfação do Atleta ([QSA/Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire - ASQ], Riemer & Chelladurai, 1998), através da análise factorial confirmatória, uma vez que as características culturais e de idioma [...] podem afectar a aplicação e interpretação do questionário. O QSA possui 14 dimensões, com 54 itens e visa avaliar a satisfação do atleta com a sua experiência desportiva. O modelo foi testado com uma amostra de 527 atletas de diferentes modalidades: basquetebol, andebol, futebol e voleibol, dos campeonatos nacionais e regionais de Portugal. Todos os factores apresentam elevados coeficientes de consistência interna, com valores de alpha de Cronbach entre a=0,70 e a =0,94. De uma forma geral os valores dos indicadores globais de ajustamento do modelo observado, resultantes da análise factorial confirmatória (robustos TLI/NNFI=0,93, CFI=0,93 e do IFI=0,93, RMSEA=0,042 (0,039 - 0,044 e o índice SRMR=0,05) expressam a sua qualidade. Assim, os resultados sugerem que a avaliação da satisfação do atleta nas diversas facetas consideradas relevantes para a sua experiencia desportiva, parece poder ser realizada em futuras pesquisas, através da utilização do ASQ versão portuguesa Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ), developed by Riemer and Chelladurai (1998), through confirmatory factor analysis since cultural and language characteristics can affect the applicability an [...] d the interpretation of the multidimensional Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire. The ASQ has 14 dimensions, with 54 items to evaluate the athletes' satisfaction with their sports experience. The model was tested with a sample of 527 athletes (basketball, handball, soccer and volleyball players) from national and regional championships in Portugal. All factors have good internal reliability coefficients, with Cronbach alpha values ranging from a=0.70 to a =0.94. The results of confirmatory analysis, (robust TLI/NNFI=0.93, CFI=0.93, IFI=0.93, RMSEA=0.042 (0.039 - 0.044) and SRMR=0.05) show that the model has good fit indexes, which express its quality. Therefore, this study points out that the evaluation of athletes satisfaction in different facets which are considered relevant to their sports experience through the use of the ASQ Portuguese version is valid and reliable.

Carla M. Chicau, Borrego; José Carlos, Leitão; José, Alves; Carlos, Silva; Joan, Palmi.

183

The relationship between personality traits and vocational interests in a South African context  

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The purpose of this study is to determine if there is a relationship between personality traits and vocational interests in the South African context. A sample of 770 subjects completed the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) and the Interest Questionnaire (INQ). The Pearson’s r indicates a number of low and moderate correlations between the factors on the 16PF and interest fields of the INQ. Partial correlations conducted shows that gender and race may influence these relations...

Momberg, Christine

2004-01-01

184

Prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among Inner Mongolia medical students in China: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background To date, no study on smoking behavior of medical students in Inner Mongolia has been reported. The aim of the present study was to determine the 1-month prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among medical students in Inner Mongolia of China, to assist interventions designed to reduce the smoking behavior of medical college students in this region. Methods During December 2010 and January 2011 a cross-sectional survey was conducted among medical students at the Inner Mongolia Medical College using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of three sections: students’ basic information, attitude on smoking behavior, and smoking status of the student daily smokers. Students who smoked every day in the last 30?days were regarded as daily smokers. Factors associated with smoking were identified using binary logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 6044 valid surveys were returned. The overall prevalence of daily smoking was 9.8% while the prevalence of daily smoking among males and females were 29.4% and 1.7%, respectively. Males in the Faculty of Medicine Information Management had the highest daily smoking rate (48.9%. Logistic regression models found that the main factors associated with daily smoking among male medical students were highest year of study (OR?=?3.62; CI: 1.18–11.05; attitude towards smoking behavior Do not care about people smoking around you (OR?=?2.75; CI: 2.08–3.64; and Smoking is harmful to their health (OR?=?4.40; CI: 2.21–8.75. The main factor associated with daily smoking among female medical students was attitude towards smoking behavior Eliminate smoking on campus (OR?=?0.11; CI: 0.06–0.23. Both for male and female medical students, there was no association between ethnicity and cigarette daily smoking. In regard to smoking status, more than 60% of daily smokers began smoking in high school, 61.3% smoked less than 5 cigarettes per day, 62.9% of the daily smokers’ families opposed their smoking behavior, and after an hour of not smoking 74.6% daily smokers did not feel uncomfortable. Conclusions Antismoking education should be further promoted in Inner Mongolia medical students, with consideration given to the factors associated with daily smoking behavior found in the present study.

Bian Jiang

2012-05-01

185

Prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among Inner Mongolia medical students in China: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey  

Science.gov (United States)

Background To date, no study on smoking behavior of medical students in Inner Mongolia has been reported. The aim of the present study was to determine the 1-month prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among medical students in Inner Mongolia of China, to assist interventions designed to reduce the smoking behavior of medical college students in this region. Methods During December 2010 and January 2011 a cross-sectional survey was conducted among medical students at the Inner Mongolia Medical College using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of three sections: students’ basic information, attitude on smoking behavior, and smoking status of the student daily smokers. Students who smoked every day in the last 30?days were regarded as daily smokers. Factors associated with smoking were identified using binary logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 6044 valid surveys were returned. The overall prevalence of daily smoking was 9.8% while the prevalence of daily smoking among males and females were 29.4% and 1.7%, respectively. Males in the Faculty of Medicine Information Management had the highest daily smoking rate (48.9%). Logistic regression models found that the main factors associated with daily smoking among male medical students were highest year of study (OR?=?3.62; CI: 1.18–11.05); attitude towards smoking behavior Do not care about people smoking around you (OR?=?2.75; CI: 2.08–3.64); and Smoking is harmful to their health (OR?=?4.40; CI: 2.21–8.75). The main factor associated with daily smoking among female medical students was attitude towards smoking behavior Eliminate smoking on campus (OR?=?0.11; CI: 0.06–0.23). Both for male and female medical students, there was no association between ethnicity and cigarette daily smoking. In regard to smoking status, more than 60% of daily smokers began smoking in high school, 61.3% smoked less than 5 cigarettes per day, 62.9% of the daily smokers’ families opposed their smoking behavior, and after an hour of not smoking 74.6% daily smokers did not feel uncomfortable. Conclusions Antismoking education should be further promoted in Inner Mongolia medical students, with consideration given to the factors associated with daily smoking behavior found in the present study. PMID:22591602

2012-01-01

186

Assessing factors that form patient’s attitude to treatment preceding hospitalization for acute coronary syndrom (data of questionnaire within the LIS register  

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Full Text Available Aim. To determine the most significant factors forming patient’s attitude to treatment and factors of adherence to treatment preceding hospitalization in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS.Material and methods. A register of patients admitted to Lyubertsy Regional Hospital ?2 for ACS from 01.12.2011 to 01.12.2012 was used in the study. A total of 272 patients (men – 157, women – 115 were enrolled into the study. Age range was between 31 and 89 years, mean age was 63.6±12.6 years. Acute myocardial infarction was diagnosed in 181 patients, unstable angina pectoris – in 91 patients. While in hospital all the patients had filled out the questionnaire on therapy adherence.Results. Half of the 272 patients (133 persons enrolled into the study had regularly been followed-up for chronic diseases in different medical centers; 138 patients (50.7% had not been followed-up before the reference hospitalization. According to the valid Morisky-Green test results 120 patients (44.1% were adherent to treatment, in 141 (51.8% patients the adherence was unsatisfactory, 11 persons (4.1% did not answer the test questions. Younger patients adhered to doctors’ recommendations better. According to the patients (125 patients – 46% the most effective strategy to improve treatment adherence was the obtaining of detailed information about their disease and methods of its treatment provided by the doctor. 32 patients (11.8% pointed out the importance of lowering drug costs. 11 patients of 272 respondents demanded more care from their doctor; 4 persons suggested that better quality of medical care organization would help to ameliorate treatment adherence. Regular follow-up for chronic diseases with detailed informing about the condition by a physician positively influences adherence to recommended therapy. Patients of commercial medical centers and patients without any medical follow-up least of all adhered to treatment.Conclusion. Specially designed questionnaire allowed to determine the most significant factors that form patients’ attitude to therapy preceding the reference hospitalization and factors of adherence to treatment prescribed before the hospitalization. All the significant factors were related to the physician-patient relationships, what emphasizes the important role of both doctors and patients in improvement of treatment adherence.

Yu.V. Lukina

2013-11-01

187

The 27-item Coping Strategies Questionnaire - Revised: Confirmatory factor analysis, reliability and validity in Italian-speaking subjects with chronic pain  

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BACKGROUND: Increasing attention is being devoted to cognitive-behavioural measures to improve interventions for chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: To develop an Italian version of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire – Revised (CSQ-R), and to validate it in a study involving 345 Italian subjects with chronic pain. METHODS: The questionnaire was developed following international recommendations. The psychometric analyses included confirmatory factor analysis; reliability, assessed by internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficients); and construct validity, assessed by calculating the correlations between the subscales of the CSQ-R and measures of pain (numerical rating scale), disability (Sickness Impact Profile – Roland Scale), depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies – Depression Scale) and coping (Chronic Pain Coping Inventory) (Pearson’s correlation). RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the CSQ-R model had an acceptable data-model fit (comparative fit index and normed fit index ?0.90, root mean square error of approximation ?0.08). Cronbach’s alpha was satisfactory (CSQ-R 0.914 to 0.961), and the intraclass correlation coefficients were good/excellent (CSQ-R 0.850 to 0.918). As expected, the correlations with the numerical rating scale, Sickness Impact Profile – Roland Scale, Center for Epidemiological Studies – Depression Scale and Chronic Pain Coping Inventory highlighted the adaptive and maladaptive properties of most of the CSQ-R subscales. CONCLUSION: The CSQ-R was successfully translated into Italian. The translation proved to have good factorial structure, and its psychometric properties are similar to those of the original and other adapted versions. Its use is recommended for clinical and research purposes in Italy and abroad. PMID:24761430

Monticone, Marco; Ferrante, Simona; Giorgi, Ines; Galandra, Caterina; Rocca, Barbara; Foti, Calogero

2014-01-01

188

VALIDEZ DE UN INSTRUMENTO MULTIDIMESIONAL PARA MEDIR FACTORES DE RIESGO ASOCIADOS A TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA EN PÚBERES MEXICANOS / VALIDITY OF A MULTIDIMENSIONAL QUESTIONNAIRE TO MEASURE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED TO EATING DISORDERS IN MEXICAN PUBESCENTS  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: obtener la validez y consistencia interna de un cuestionario para púberes mexicanos, hombres y mujeres, que evalúe factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. Sujetos y método: El cuestionario se aplicó a una muestra no probabilística, de púberes estudiantes de la [...] ciudad de México (504 hombres y 511 mujeres), con edades de 11 a 15 años de edad, con una media de 12,13. Se realizó un análisis de consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach) y un análisis factorial de componentes principales con rotación oblimin por el método de máxima verosimilitud. Resultados: Ambos instrumentos arrojaron 5 factores, con una buena consistencia interna, alcanzando un valor total de alpha de Cronbach de 0,75 para hombres (55,6% de varianza explicada) y 0,83 para mujeres (57,6% de varianza explicada). Conclusión: El instrumento resultó válido en hombres y mujeres, para medir factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos alimentarios, principalmente socioculturales, conductas alimentarias y desarrollo puberal. Abstract in english Objective: To obtain the validity and internal consistency of a questionnaire for the screening of risk factors associated to eating disorders in Mexican pubescent males and females. Subjects and methods: The questionnaire was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 504 males and 511 female student [...] s in México City from 11 to 15 years of age with a median of 12,13. Statistical methods included internal consistency analysis (Cronbach's alpha) and principal components factor analysis with oblimin rotation. Results: Both instruments obtained five-factors structure, showed a good total Cronbach's alpha score: males 0,75 (55,6 %), and females 0,83 (57,6%) of the total explained variance. Males displayed a normal eating behavior factor, while for females a restrictive dieting factor was obtained. Conclusions: This questionnaire is a valid measure in pubescent boys and girls for assessing risk factors associated with eating disorders, in particular socio-cultural factors, eating behaviors and pubertal development.

Teresita de Jesús, Saucedo-Molina; Claudia, Unikel-Santoncini.

189

VALIDEZ DE UN INSTRUMENTO MULTIDIMESIONAL PARA MEDIR FACTORES DE RIESGO ASOCIADOS A TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA EN PÚBERES MEXICANOS / VALIDITY OF A MULTIDIMENSIONAL QUESTIONNAIRE TO MEASURE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED TO EATING DISORDERS IN MEXICAN PUBESCENTS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: obtener la validez y consistencia interna de un cuestionario para púberes mexicanos, hombres y mujeres, que evalúe factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. Sujetos y método: El cuestionario se aplicó a una muestra no probabilística, de púberes estudiantes de la [...] ciudad de México (504 hombres y 511 mujeres), con edades de 11 a 15 años de edad, con una media de 12,13. Se realizó un análisis de consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach) y un análisis factorial de componentes principales con rotación oblimin por el método de máxima verosimilitud. Resultados: Ambos instrumentos arrojaron 5 factores, con una buena consistencia interna, alcanzando un valor total de alpha de Cronbach de 0,75 para hombres (55,6% de varianza explicada) y 0,83 para mujeres (57,6% de varianza explicada). Conclusión: El instrumento resultó válido en hombres y mujeres, para medir factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos alimentarios, principalmente socioculturales, conductas alimentarias y desarrollo puberal. Abstract in english Objective: To obtain the validity and internal consistency of a questionnaire for the screening of risk factors associated to eating disorders in Mexican pubescent males and females. Subjects and methods: The questionnaire was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 504 males and 511 female student [...] s in México City from 11 to 15 years of age with a median of 12,13. Statistical methods included internal consistency analysis (Cronbach's alpha) and principal components factor analysis with oblimin rotation. Results: Both instruments obtained five-factors structure, showed a good total Cronbach's alpha score: males 0,75 (55,6 %), and females 0,83 (57,6%) of the total explained variance. Males displayed a normal eating behavior factor, while for females a restrictive dieting factor was obtained. Conclusions: This questionnaire is a valid measure in pubescent boys and girls for assessing risk factors associated with eating disorders, in particular socio-cultural factors, eating behaviors and pubertal development.

Teresita de Jesús, Saucedo-Molina; Claudia, Unikel-Santoncini.

2010-03-01

190

Validación del cuestionario Pro Children Project para evaluar factores psicosociales del consumo de fruta y verdura en México / Validity of Pro Children Project questionnaire for assessing psychosocial factors of fruit and vegetable intake in Mexico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Determinar la validez de contenido y de constructo de la versión mexicana del cuestionario Pro Children Project para evaluar factores psicosociales, asociados con el consumo de fruta y verdura en muestras de niños escolares de 10 a 12 años. Material y métodos. Cuestionario de 87 reactivos, [...] aplicado en un estudio instrumental, realizado en 2011 a 2084 niños en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México. Resultados. El acuerdo entre expertos fue bueno (Kappa=0.69) y muy bueno entre niños (kappa=0.93). Siete factores explican el 37.87% de la varianza en fruta y el 48.18% en verdura. Los valores alfa de Cronbach fueron de bajos a moderados (0.55-0.83). Se confirma una estructura interna de siete factores de primer orden en fruta y de seis en verdura. Conclusión. El cuestionario provee validez suficiente para la evaluación global de factores psicosociales asociados con el consumo de fruta y verdura en niños escolares de 10 a 12 años. Finalmente, se discuten las implicaciones de los hallazgos en la adaptación del instrumento para su posible aplicación en la evaluación de factores psicosociales del consumo de fruta y verdura y para futuras investigaciones con este instrumento. Abstract in english Objective. To determine content and construct validity for the Mexican version of Pro Children Project questionnaire for assessing psychosocial factors, related to fruit and vegetable intake in samples of 10-12 year-old schoolchildren. Materials and methods. The questionnaire consisted of 87 items. [...] It was administered to 2084 children in an instrumental study conducted in 2011 in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico. Results. Kappa statistic resulted in good agreement between experts (kappa=0.69), very good agreement in children (kappa=0.93). Seven factors were obtained that explained 37.87% of the variance in fruit and 48.18% of the variance in vegetable. Cronbach's alpha values were low to moderate (range 0.55 to 0.83). An internal structure of seven first order factors was confirmed in fruits and six linked to vegetables. Conclusion. The questionnaire provides sufficient validity for assessing psychosocial factors related to fruit and vegetable intake in 10-12 year old schoolchildren. Finally, implications of the findings in the test adaptation process for assessing psychosocial factors of fruit and vegetable intake and for future research in this instrument are discussed.

Gerardo, Ochoa-Meza; Juan C, Sierra; Carmen, Pérez-Rodrigo; Javier, Aranceta-Bartrina.

2014-04-01

191

Validación del cuestionario Pro Children Project para evaluar factores psicosociales del consumo de fruta y verdura en México / Validity of Pro Children Project questionnaire for assessing psychosocial factors of fruit and vegetable intake in Mexico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Determinar la validez de contenido y de constructo de la versión mexicana del cuestionario Pro Children Project para evaluar factores psicosociales, asociados con el consumo de fruta y verdura en muestras de niños escolares de 10 a 12 años. Material y métodos. Cuestionario de 87 reactivos, [...] aplicado en un estudio instrumental, realizado en 2011 a 2084 niños en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México. Resultados. El acuerdo entre expertos fue bueno (Kappa=0.69) y muy bueno entre niños (kappa=0.93). Siete factores explican el 37.87% de la varianza en fruta y el 48.18% en verdura. Los valores alfa de Cronbach fueron de bajos a moderados (0.55-0.83). Se confirma una estructura interna de siete factores de primer orden en fruta y de seis en verdura. Conclusión. El cuestionario provee validez suficiente para la evaluación global de factores psicosociales asociados con el consumo de fruta y verdura en niños escolares de 10 a 12 años. Finalmente, se discuten las implicaciones de los hallazgos en la adaptación del instrumento para su posible aplicación en la evaluación de factores psicosociales del consumo de fruta y verdura y para futuras investigaciones con este instrumento. Abstract in english Objective. To determine content and construct validity for the Mexican version of Pro Children Project questionnaire for assessing psychosocial factors, related to fruit and vegetable intake in samples of 10-12 year-old schoolchildren. Materials and methods. The questionnaire consisted of 87 items. [...] It was administered to 2084 children in an instrumental study conducted in 2011 in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico. Results. Kappa statistic resulted in good agreement between experts (kappa=0.69), very good agreement in children (kappa=0.93). Seven factors were obtained that explained 37.87% of the variance in fruit and 48.18% of the variance in vegetable. Cronbach's alpha values were low to moderate (range 0.55 to 0.83). An internal structure of seven first order factors was confirmed in fruits and six linked to vegetables. Conclusion. The questionnaire provides sufficient validity for assessing psychosocial factors related to fruit and vegetable intake in 10-12 year old schoolchildren. Finally, implications of the findings in the test adaptation process for assessing psychosocial factors of fruit and vegetable intake and for future research in this instrument are discussed.

Gerardo, Ochoa-Meza; Juan C, Sierra; Carmen, Pérez-Rodrigo; Javier, Aranceta-Bartrina.

2014-04-01

192

Normative Data on the 16PF for Nontraditional Female Undergraduates.  

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This study was conducted to construct a normalized table which described the typical personality profile of nontraditional female undergraduate full-time students at Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. It was hypothesized that the nontraditional female undergraduate at MTSU would differ from both traditional female…

Charboneau, Elizabeth Grace

193

What factors influence the health status of patients with rheumatoid arthritis measured by the SF-12v2 Health Survey and the Health Assessment Questionnaire?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVE: The Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ) is a widely used outcome measure in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), whereas the SF-12v2 Health Survey (SF-12) was introduced recently. We investigated how the HAQ and SF-12 were associated with socio-demographic, lifestyle, and disease- and treatment-related factors in patients with RA. METHODS: In RA patients from 11 Danish centers, clinical and patient-reported data, including the HAQ and SF-12, were collected. Three multiple linear regression models were estimated, with the HAQ, SF-12 physical component score (PCS), and SF-12 mental component score (MCS) as outcome and sociodemographic, lifestyle, and RA-related treatment and comorbidity characteristics as explanatory variables. RESULTS: In total, 3156 (85%) of 3704 invited patients participated--75% women, 76% rheumatoid factor-positive, median age 61 years (range 15-93 yrs), disease duration 7 years (range 0-68 yrs), Disease Activity Score on 28 joints (DAS28) 2.97 (range 0.96-8.61), HAQ score 0.63 (range 0-3), SF-12 PCS 56 (range 6-99), and SF-12 MCS 57 (range 16-99). Variation in HAQ was associated with 12 of 15 possible variables (R(2) 0.41), in PCS and MCS with 6 of 15 variables (R(2) 0.02 and 0.05). Patients with moderate to high DAS28 and > or = 3 comorbid conditions had consistently worse HAQ and SF-12 scores compared to the reference groups, while weekly exercise was associated with better scores compared to no exercise. CONCLUSION: The HAQ was more sensitive to differences in demographic, lifestyle, and disease- and treatment-related factors than the SF-12. The established clinical value and feasibility of the HAQ highlights its advantages over the SF-12 in describing health status in RAOBJECTIVE: The Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ) is a widely used outcome measure in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), whereas the SF-12v2 Health Survey (SF-12) was introduced recently. We investigated how the HAQ and SF-12 were associated with socio-demographic, lifestyle, and disease- and treatment-related factors in patients with RA. METHODS: In RA patients from 11 Danish centers, clinical and patient-reported data, including the HAQ and SF-12, were collected. Three multiple linear regression models were estimated, with the HAQ, SF-12 physical component score (PCS), and SF-12 mental component score (MCS) as outcome and sociodemographic, lifestyle, and RA-related treatment and comorbidity characteristics as explanatory variables. RESULTS: In total, 3156 (85%) of 3704 invited patients participated--75% women, 76% rheumatoid factor-positive, median age 61 years (range 15-93 yrs), disease duration 7 years (range 0-68 yrs), Disease Activity Score on 28 joints (DAS28) 2.97 (range 0.96-8.61), HAQ score 0.63 (range 0-3), SF-12 PCS 56 (range 6-99), and SF-12 MCS 57 (range 16-99). Variation in HAQ was associated with 12 of 15 possible variables (R(2) 0.41), in PCS and MCS with 6 of 15 variables (R(2) 0.02 and 0.05). Patients with moderate to high DAS28 and > or = 3 comorbid conditions had consistently worse HAQ and SF-12 scores compared to the reference groups, while weekly exercise was associated with better scores compared to no exercise. CONCLUSION: The HAQ was more sensitive to differences in demographic, lifestyle, and disease- and treatment-related factors than the SF-12. The established clinical value and feasibility of the HAQ highlights its advantages over the SF-12 in describing health status in RA Udgivelsesdato: 2009

Linde, Louise; SØrensen, Jan

2009-01-01

194

Inteligência emocional: validade discriminante entre MSCEIT e 16 PF Emotional intelligence: validity discriminant between MSCEIT and 16 PF  

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O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar evidências de validade discriminante do Mayer Salovey Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), comparando-o com os 16 Fatores de Personalidade. O construto de inteligência emocional tem sido definido como a capacidade de perceber, entender e usar precisamente as emoções em si e em relação aos outros, bem como gerenciá-las para facilitar os processos cognitivos e promover o crescimento pessoal e intelectual. Participaram 270 universitári...

Marilda Aparecida Dantas; Ana Paula Porto Noronha

2006-01-01

195

Questionnaire Development Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

196

Personality factors and the practice of anaesthesia: a psychometric evaluation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine personality profiles of Canadian anaesthetists and to investigate the role of personality variables in anaesthetist's job satisfaction. Three hundred and thirty senior Canadian anaesthetists completed the Cattell 16PF personality inventory. A brief demographic questionnaire inquired about special interests and job satisfaction. This paper reports the initial analysis of the replies. Most anaesthetists were very satisfied with their work. Female anaesthetists are more tender-minded, sensitive and over-protective than their male colleagues. PMID:8055606

Clarke, I M; Morin, J E; Warnell, I

1994-05-01

197

The Survey Questionnaire  

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Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the potential…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

198

Development and preliminary validation of a questionnaire to measure satisfaction with home care in Greece: an exploratory factor analysis of polychoric correlations  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The primary aim of this study was to develop and psychometrically test a Greek-language instrument for measuring satisfaction with home care. The first empirical evidence about the level of satisfaction with these services in Greece is also provided. Methods The questionnaire resulted from literature search, on-site observation and cognitive interviews. It was applied in 2006 to a sample of 201 enrollees of five home care programs in the city of Thessaloniki and contains 31 items that measure satisfaction with individual service attributes and are expressed on a 5-point Likert scale. The latter has been usually considered in practice as an interval scale, although it is in principle ordinal. We thus treated the variable as an ordinal one, but also employed the traditional approach in order to compare the findings. Our analysis was therefore based on ordinal measures such as the polychoric correlation, Kendall's Tau b coefficient and ordinal Cronbach's alpha. Exploratory factor analysis was followed by an assessment of internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, construct validity and sensitivity. Results Analyses with ordinal and interval scale measures produced in essence very similar results and identified four multi-item scales. Three of these were found to be reliable and valid: socioeconomic change, staff skills and attitudes and service appropriateness. A fourth dimension -service planning- had lower internal consistency reliability and yet very satisfactory test-retest reliability, construct validity and floor and ceiling effects. The global satisfaction scale created was also quite reliable. Overall, participants were satisfied -yet not very satisfied- with home care services. More room for improvement seems to exist for the socio-economic and planning aspects of care and less for staff skills and attitudes and appropriateness of provided services. Conclusions The methods developed seem to be a promising tool for the measurement of home care satisfaction in Greece.

Niakas Dimitris

2010-07-01

199

Factores psicoeducativos que determinan la propensión al accidente deportivo en escolares: diseño y validación de un cuestionario de evaluación / Psychoeducational factors that determine the propensity to school sports accidents: design and validation of an assessment questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito de este estudio ha sido el diseño y validación de una escala de propensión al accidente deportivo en escolares. La muestra ha estado formada por 254 niños (M = 14.20, DT = 1.3). Las propiedades psicométricas de la escala se obtuvieron mediante un proceso de validez de contenido y un aná [...] lisis factorial de los componentes principales. Como resultados obtuvimos un cuestionario de 27 ítems formado por cinco factores y ajustado a los tópicos de validez y fiabilidad científica. Se encontraron diferencias en todos los factores de la escala entre niños y niñas y sólo en el factor búsqueda de sensaciones al considerar la edad de los sujetos. Como conclusión, esta escala es un instrumento inédito que permite la organización de los recursos materiales y didácticos en el deporte de acuerdo a aspectos psicoeducativos relacionados con la propensión al accidente de los niños, lo que es esencial en la prevención de lesiones. Abstract in english The purpose of this study has been the design and validation of a propensity scale of sports injuries in schools. The sample for the study has been formed of 254 children (M = 14.20, DT = 1.3). Psychometric properties of the scale were obtained through a process of content validity and a factorial a [...] nalysis of main components. As a result, we obtained a questionnaire of 27 items consisting of 5 factors and adjusted to validity topics and scientific reliability. Significant differences were found in all factors of the scale in relation to sex, whilst significant differences were only observed in relation to the sensation seeking factor when considering the age of the subjects. This scale is an essential tool for preventing accidents and injuries in school sport by allowing the identification of sports accident-prone students.

Pedro A., Latorre-Román; José C., Cámara-Pérez; Antonio, Pantoja-Vallejo; Tomás, Izquierdo-Rus.

200

Factores psicoeducativos que determinan la propensión al accidente deportivo en escolares: diseño y validación de un cuestionario de evaluación / Psychoeducational factors that determine the propensity to school sports accidents: design and validation of an assessment questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito de este estudio ha sido el diseño y validación de una escala de propensión al accidente deportivo en escolares. La muestra ha estado formada por 254 niños (M = 14.20, DT = 1.3). Las propiedades psicométricas de la escala se obtuvieron mediante un proceso de validez de contenido y un aná [...] lisis factorial de los componentes principales. Como resultados obtuvimos un cuestionario de 27 ítems formado por cinco factores y ajustado a los tópicos de validez y fiabilidad científica. Se encontraron diferencias en todos los factores de la escala entre niños y niñas y sólo en el factor búsqueda de sensaciones al considerar la edad de los sujetos. Como conclusión, esta escala es un instrumento inédito que permite la organización de los recursos materiales y didácticos en el deporte de acuerdo a aspectos psicoeducativos relacionados con la propensión al accidente de los niños, lo que es esencial en la prevención de lesiones. Abstract in english The purpose of this study has been the design and validation of a propensity scale of sports injuries in schools. The sample for the study has been formed of 254 children (M = 14.20, DT = 1.3). Psychometric properties of the scale were obtained through a process of content validity and a factorial a [...] nalysis of main components. As a result, we obtained a questionnaire of 27 items consisting of 5 factors and adjusted to validity topics and scientific reliability. Significant differences were found in all factors of the scale in relation to sex, whilst significant differences were only observed in relation to the sensation seeking factor when considering the age of the subjects. This scale is an essential tool for preventing accidents and injuries in school sport by allowing the identification of sports accident-prone students.

Pedro A., Latorre-Román; José C., Cámara-Pérez; Antonio, Pantoja-Vallejo; Tomás, Izquierdo-Rus.

2013-05-01

 
 
 
 
201

Factor structure and internal consistency of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 and the Subjective Vitality Scale (VS, and the relationship between them: a study from France  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The objectives of this study were to test the factor structure and internal consistency of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 and the Subjective Vitality Scale (VS in elderly French people, and to test the relationship between these two questionnaires. Methods Using a standard 'forward-backward' translation procedure, the English language versions of the two instruments (i.e. the 12-item General Health Questionnaire and the Subjective Vitality Scale were translated into French. A sample of adults aged 58–72 years then completed both questionnaires. Internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The factor structures of the two instruments were extracted by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA. Finally, the relationship between the two instruments was assessed by correlation analysis. Results In all, 217 elderly adults participated in the study. The mean age of the respondents was 61.7 (SD = 6.2 years. The mean GHQ-12 score was 17.4 (SD = 8.0, and analysis showed satisfactory internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.78. The mean VS score was 22.4 (SD = 7.4 and its internal consistency was found to be good (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.83. While CFA showed that the VS was uni-dimensional, analysis for the GHQ-12 demonstrated a good fit not only to the two-factor model (positive vs. negative items but also to a three-factor model. As expected, there was a strong and significant negative correlation between the GHQ-12 and the VS (r = -0.71, P Conclusion The results showed that the French versions of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 and the Subjective Vitality Scale (VS are reliable measures of psychological distress and vitality. They also confirm a significant negative correlation between these two instruments, lending support to their convergent validity in an elderly French population. The findings indicate that both measures have good structural characteristics.

Ismaïl Amany

2009-03-01

202

Developing a Questionnaire on Attitude towards School  

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The purpose of the present study was to develop a questionnaire to assess student attitudes towards school by describing the factors that affect these attitudes. For this purpose, a sample of 362 (11-13 years-old) elementary-school students was used. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out. The questionnaire consists of…

Seker, Hasan

2011-01-01

203

Poor physical function, pain and limited exercise: risk factors for premature mortality in the range of smoking or hypertension, identified on a simple patient self-report questionnaire for usual care  

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Objective To analyse poor physical function, pain, limited exercise and smoking, assessed in a patient-friendly self-report questionnaire format that has been completed by every patient at every visit over 20–30?years in the authors’ and other usual care settings, to predict 5-year mortality in a general older population. Methods An extended version of a Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire was mailed to 2000 subjects in Finland, identified as a randomly selected control cohort for a rheumatoid arthritis cohort. The questionnaire included queries concerning baseline physical function, pain, exercise and smoking status, identical to the clinic version, as well as age and 25 medical conditions. Five-year survival was analysed according to descriptive statistics, Kaplan–Meier curves and Cox regressions. Results The questionnaire was returned by 1523 subjects (76%). Five-year survival was 94% in all subjects, 98% in subjects with no disease or no acutely life-threatening disease, and 17% in subjects with an acutely life-threatening disease. Hazard ratios (HRs) for 5-year mortality were 3.5 for poor physical function, 2.2 for pain, 5.2 for limited exercise and 4.6 for smoking (p<0.01); 5-year survivals were 93%, 97%, 93% and 95%, respectively, compared with 91% for hypertension. Each of the four patient history variables predicted mortality at higher levels in subjects who reported no versus one or more acutely life-threatening conditions. Conclusions Poor physical function, pain, limited exercise and smoking can be assessed systematically on a simple standard Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire, to identify potentially modifiable risk factors for premature mortality in the infrastructure of usual medical care and health maintenance. PMID:22021748

Sokka, Tuulikki

2011-01-01

204

Questionnaire for Evaluation Skills.  

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This is a 20-item, three part questionnaire designed to measure knowledge of decision-making and evaluation on the part of participants in a training program on planning and evaluation. Part of TM 001 078. (DLG)

Radcliffe, Vickey W.; Colgan, Francis E.

205

Basics of Developing Questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

Whether developing questions for questionnaires or interviews or focus groups, there are certain guidelines that help to ensure that respondents provide information that is useful and can later be analyzed. This resource offers advice on developing questions for interviews or focus groups. It contains basics conducting the interviews, providing directions to respondents as well as guidelines for composing the content and wording of the questionnaire. This resource is aimed for use in workshops/conferences and is intended for novice evaluators.

Mcnamara, Carter

206

Innovative health care delivery system--a questionnaire survey to evaluate the influence of behavioral factors on individuals' acceptance of telecare.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research is to explore people's intention to use telecare and evaluate the degree of influence that behavioral factors on individuals' acceptance of telecare. The subjects are residents of Taiwan. The Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique was used to analyze the forecasting model applied to telecare. The results show that this model has good explanatory power for the behavioral intentions of using telecare. Among factors influencing the behavioral intentions of using telecare, the strongest factor is attitude, followed by the perceived usefulness, the perceived ease of use, subjective norms, and personal innovativeness, respectively. The findings of this study may serve as a reference to future studies. PMID:23375377

Huang, Jui-Chen

2013-05-01

207

Impaired self-awareness after traumatic brain injury: Inter-rater reliability and factor structure of the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX in patients, significant others and clinicians.  

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Conclusion: Although there was a consistent finding of a single factor solution for each of the three groups, the low level of agreement between significant others and clinicians raises a question about the reliability of the DEX.

Brian McGuire

2014-10-01

208

Composición Factorial de una Escala Autoeficacia en Conductas de Cuidado de la Salud en Estudiantes de Ingeniería / Factor Structure of a Self-Efficacy Questionnaire in Health Care Behavior in Engineering Students  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio analiza las propiedades sicométricas de la Escala Autoeficacia en Conductas de Cuidado de la Salud Física. La muestra total fue de 592 sujetos; 143 mujeres y 449 hombres, alumnos de primer ingreso a las licenciaturas de ingeniería que se ofrecen en la Universidad Autónoma de Chih [...] uahua en México, con una edad media de 18.16 años. La estructura factorial del cuestionario se analizó a través de un análisis factorial confirmatorio. El análisis ha mostrado que una estructura tetrafactorial es viable y adecuada de acuerdo a los requisitos sicométricos establecidos. La estructura de cuatro factores, atendiendo a criterios estadísticos ha mostrado adecuados indicadores de ajuste, fiabilidad y validez. Los resultados de los análisis factoriales llevados a cabo con las submuestras 1 y 2, indican la existencia de fuertes evidencias de la estabilidad de la estructura factorial. Abstract in english The present study analyses the psychometric properties of a self-efficacy questionnaire behavior of health care. The total sample comprised 592 participants; 143 women and 449 men, all of them freshmen at Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua in Mexico in the area of engineering, with a mean age of 18.1 [...] 6 years. Psychometric analysis showed that a four-factorial structure is feasible and adequate according to the established psychometric requirements. The factor structure of the questionnaire was analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis. The structure of the four factors, following statistical criteria, showed adequate fitting indicators, reliability and validity. In addition, factor analysis conducted with subsamples 1 and 2 indicated the presence of strong evidence of factor structure stability.

Francisco J, Flores; Jesús E, Peinado; Martha, Ornelas; Lepoldo, López.

209

Micro-level economic factors and incentives in Children’s energy balance related behaviours - findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey  

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Background To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12?year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children’s soft drink consumption ...

Jensen Jørgen; Bere Elling; Bourdeaudhuij Ilse De; Jan Natasa; Maes Lea; Manios Yannis; Martens Marloes K; Molnar Denes; Moreno Luis A; Singh Amika S; te Velde Saskia; Brug Johannes

2012-01-01

210

Method of test administration as a factor in test validity: the use of a personality questionnaire in the prediction of cancer and coronary heart disease.  

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This study examines the predictive accuracy of four different methods of administration of a questionnaire designed to predict cancer and coronary heart disease (CHD) in healthy probands. The method of administration uses the establishment of trust and the explanation of questions as variables in all four possible combinations, i.e. trust and explanation, trust only, explanation only, and neither, the prediction being that the combination of trust and explanation would produce the most accurate prediction, the treatment using neither the worst prediction, with methods using either trust alone or explanation alone intermediate. The criterion was the successful prediction of cancer and CHD. A total population of 3563 men and women was used, and followed up over 15 years, death certificates being used to establish cause of death. As predicted, the combination of trust and explanation did best, use of neither worst. Explanation seemed more important than trust, and the combination seemed to have a synergistic effect. It is apparent that method of administration had an important effect on the outcome of the experiment. PMID:7654164

Grossarth-Maticek, R; Eysenck, H J; Boyle, G J

1995-07-01

211

Personality Profiles and Selection for Courses.  

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Personality profiles for 364 civil engineers were compared to the British Norms for the 16PF Questionnaire. Civil engineers differ from the British norms on 5 of the 20 factors derived from the questionnaire. These factors indicate the questions on which to concentrate when selecting students for civil engineering courses. (Author/MLW)

Barker, Dennis

1989-01-01

212

???????????????????——?????????????? Investigation of Factors Determining Trade Associations’ Self-Governance in Transition——Based on the Questionnaire Survey in Guangdong and Zhejiang  

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Full Text Available ??????????(binary dummy regression?????probit?logit?extreme value?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????(???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????This paper employs binary dummy regression, using probit, logit and extreme value to find out the influential factors associated with trade associations’ self-governance. The results show: The larger the tight-ness and the percentage of admission fees and fees from service to members and out-oriented service to trade associations’ total revenue is, the worse do trade associations self-govern; The more powerful the punishment and encouragement measures are, the more democratic the decision-making process is, the more autonomous rights government gives, the better do trade associations self-govern. Moreover, other factors such as the length of trade association’s history, the number of the association’s employers, the percentage of associa-tion’s expenditure for membership to its total expenditure have no significant effect. At last suggestion is given.

??

2012-07-01

213

Construction and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of healthy habits and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in schoolchildren / Construção e validação de um questionário sobre conhecimento de hábitos saudáveis e fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares em estudantes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: desenvolver e analisar a fidedignidade e a validade de um questionário sobre conhecimento de hábitos saudáveis e fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares (CARDIOKID), para utilização em crianças de idade escolar. MÉTODOS: participaram do estudo 145 crianças de 7 sete a 11 anos [...] de idade. Os fatores mensurados foram o conhecimento sobre hábitos saudáveis e fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares. O alfa de Cronbach (?) e a correlação intraclasse (CCI) foram utilizados para verificar a fidedignidade, e a análise fatorial exploratória para avaliar a validade do questionário. RESULTADOS: a amostra foi composta de 60% meninas e 40% meninos. Na análise fatorial, o teste de KMO teve resultado de 0,81 e o teste de esfericidade de Bartlett de X2 = (66) = 458,64 (p Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To develop and analyze the reliability and validity of a questionnaire on the knowledge of healthy habits and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CARDIOKID) to be used in schoolchildren. METHODS: The study included 145 children aged 7 to 11 years. The measured factors were the [...] knowledge of healthy habits and risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Cronbach's alpha and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) were used to verify reliability, and exploratory factor analysis was used to assess the validity of the questionnaire. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 60% females and 40% males. In factorial analysis, the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) test result was measures of sampling adequacy (MSA) = 0.81 and Bartlett's test of sphericity was X2 = (66) = 458.64 (p

Fátima H., Cecchetto; Lucia C., Pellanda.

2014-07-01

214

Questionnaire typography and production.  

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This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

Gray, M

1975-06-01

215

Development and validation of a questionnaire measuring factors associated with physical activity in adolescents Desenvolvimento e validação de um questionário para mensurar fatores associados à atividade física em adolescentes  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: to develop a questionnaire to measure factors associated with physical activity (PA in adolescents and analyze its reliability and validity. METHODS: a total of 248 adolescents from 14 to 19 years old took part in this study. The factors associated with PA measured were: attitude, self-efficacy, social support of PA and perceived environment. Cronbach's alpha (? and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC were used to test reliability, and exploratory factor analysis to evaluate validity. RESULTS: attitude was measured as a single factor (attitude: ?=0.76, ICC=0.89; self-efficacy consisted of two factors: resources for PA (?=0.76, ICC=0.75 and social support and motives for engaging in PA (?=0.76, ICC=0.67; social support was measured as two factors: support for PA from friends (?=0.90, ICC=0.89 and support for PA from parents (?= 0.81, ICC=0.91; and the environment was measured as three factors: access to and attractiveness of places to engage in PA (?=0.69, ICC=0.82, security/safety when engaging in PA (?=0.73, ICC=0.67, and general infrastructure of the neighborhood (?=0.70, ICC=0.75. CONCLUSIONS: the questionnaire exhibited satisfactory validity and reliability and can be recommended for studies investigating adolescents.OBJETIVOS: desenvolver e analisar a fidedignidade e validade de um questionário para mensurar fatores associados à atividade física (AF em adolescentes. MÉTODOS: participaram do estudo 248 adolescentes de 14 a 19 anos de idade. Os fatores associados à AF mensurados foram: atitude, autoeficácia, apoio social dos pais e dos amigos para prática de AF, ambiente percebido. O alpha de Cronbach (? e a correlação intraclasse (CCI foram utilizados para verificar a fidedignidade, e a análise fatorial exploratória para avaliar a validade do questionário. RESULTADOS: a medida de atitude continha um único fator (atitude: ?=0,76; CCI=0,89; a de autoeficácia dois fatores: recursos para prática de AF (?=0,76; CCI=0,75, apoio social e motivos para prática de AF (?=0,75; CCI=0,67; a de apoio social dois fatores: apoio dos amigos (?=0,90; CCI=0,89 e dos pais (?=0,81; CCI=0,91; a medida de ambiente três fatores: acesso e atratividade dos locais para prática de AF (?=0,69; CCI=0,82, segurança para a prática de AF (?=0,70; CCI=0,75 e infra-estrutura geral do bairro (?=0,73; CCI=0,67. CONCLUSÃO: o questionário demonstrou validade e fidedignidade (consistência interna e reprodutibilidade satisfatórias, recomendando a sua utilização em adolescentes.

José Cazuza de Farias Júnior

2011-09-01

216

The Collaborative Problem Solving Questionnaire: Validity and Reliability Test  

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Full Text Available The aim of the study is to validate the questionnaire by using confirmatory factor analysis. Besides, it also would like to examine the internal reliability. Three hypotheses were tested. The questionnaires have been answered by 294 respondents among ten schools. The minimum criterion of model was achieved. The reliability of the questionnaires was high.

Khoo Yin Yin

2013-01-01

217

Fiabilidad y validez de un cuestionario para medir en estudiantes universitarios la asociación de la ansiedad y depresión con factores académicos y psicosociofamiliares durante el curso 2004-2005 / Academic and psycho-socio-familiar factors associated to anxiety and depression in university students. Reliability and validity of a questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamento: La elevada frecuencia de ansiedad y depresión en estudiantes universitarios está relacionada con factores sociales, familiares y con el estrés académico. El objetivo de este estudio ha sido determinar la consistencia interna y la validez de un cuestionario de situaciones socio familiares [...] y académicas que pueden estar relacionadas con situaciones psicopatológicas en estudiantes universitarios. Método: El estudio se realizó en la Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, en una muestra de 700 alumnos a los que se les administró un cuestionario de elaboración propia, que contenía ítems que valoraban aspectos académicos y socio familiares. Como factores de estudio independientes se utilizaron variables que medían diversas situaciones estresantes de los estudiantes y la escala de ansiedad y depresión de Goldberg, todo con el fin de medir la validez del cuestionario. Resultados: La fiabilidad del cuestionario quedó demostrada al obtener en el test-retest un coeficiente de correlación intraclase de 0,819. El cuestionario original de 19 ítems quedó reducido a 15 tras el análisis de homogeneidad, obteniendo un alfa de Cronbach de 0,758. La validez de constructo se evaluó con el análisis factorial del cuestionario, resultando dos factores que representaban a "aspectos académicos" y "aspectos sociofamiliares". Los estudiantes con el test de ansiedad y depresión positivo eran los que más puntuación obtuvieron en el cuestionario global y en los dos factores, quedando demostrada la validez de criterio. Conclusiones: El cuestionario del estudio es una herramienta de valoración, de fácil uso y de ágil aplicación para la detección precoz de ansiedad y depresión en estudiantes universitarios. Abstract in english Background: The high frequency of anxiety and depression in university students is related to social, family factors and academic stress. The aim of this research is to determine the internal consistency and validity of a questionnaire on socio-familiar and academic situations which may be related t [...] o psychopathological situations in university students. Methods: The research was carried out at the Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia with 700 students, to whom a questionnaire made by the researchers was given. This questionnaire included items which evaluated academic and socio-familiar aspects. Variables regarding various stressful situations amongst students, and the Goldberg’s level of anxiety and depression scale were used as independent facts of research in order to measure the validity of the questionnaire. Results: The reliability of the questionnaire was shown after obtaining an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.819. The original questionnaire with 19 items was reduced to 15 items after the homogeneity analysis, obtaining a Cronbach alpha of 0.758. The validity of constructio was evaluated with the factor analysis of the questionnaire, with a result of two factors which represented ‘academic aspects’ and ‘socio-familiar aspects’. Those students with a positive anxiety and depression test were the ones who obtained the higher score on the global questionnaire and in both factors, proving the validity of the criteria. Conclusions: The research questionnaire is an agile and easy to use tool for the assessment and early detection of anxiety and depression in university students.

Serafín, Balanza Galindo; Isabel, Morales Moreno; Joaquín, Guerrero Muñoz; Ana, Conesa Conesa.

2008-04-01

218

Fiabilidad y validez de un cuestionario para medir en estudiantes universitarios la asociación de la ansiedad y depresión con factores académicos y psicosociofamiliares durante el curso 2004-2005 / Academic and psycho-socio-familiar factors associated to anxiety and depression in university students. Reliability and validity of a questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamento: La elevada frecuencia de ansiedad y depresión en estudiantes universitarios está relacionada con factores sociales, familiares y con el estrés académico. El objetivo de este estudio ha sido determinar la consistencia interna y la validez de un cuestionario de situaciones socio familiares [...] y académicas que pueden estar relacionadas con situaciones psicopatológicas en estudiantes universitarios. Método: El estudio se realizó en la Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, en una muestra de 700 alumnos a los que se les administró un cuestionario de elaboración propia, que contenía ítems que valoraban aspectos académicos y socio familiares. Como factores de estudio independientes se utilizaron variables que medían diversas situaciones estresantes de los estudiantes y la escala de ansiedad y depresión de Goldberg, todo con el fin de medir la validez del cuestionario. Resultados: La fiabilidad del cuestionario quedó demostrada al obtener en el test-retest un coeficiente de correlación intraclase de 0,819. El cuestionario original de 19 ítems quedó reducido a 15 tras el análisis de homogeneidad, obteniendo un alfa de Cronbach de 0,758. La validez de constructo se evaluó con el análisis factorial del cuestionario, resultando dos factores que representaban a "aspectos académicos" y "aspectos sociofamiliares". Los estudiantes con el test de ansiedad y depresión positivo eran los que más puntuación obtuvieron en el cuestionario global y en los dos factores, quedando demostrada la validez de criterio. Conclusiones: El cuestionario del estudio es una herramienta de valoración, de fácil uso y de ágil aplicación para la detección precoz de ansiedad y depresión en estudiantes universitarios. Abstract in english Background: The high frequency of anxiety and depression in university students is related to social, family factors and academic stress. The aim of this research is to determine the internal consistency and validity of a questionnaire on socio-familiar and academic situations which may be related t [...] o psychopathological situations in university students. Methods: The research was carried out at the Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia with 700 students, to whom a questionnaire made by the researchers was given. This questionnaire included items which evaluated academic and socio-familiar aspects. Variables regarding various stressful situations amongst students, and the Goldberg’s level of anxiety and depression scale were used as independent facts of research in order to measure the validity of the questionnaire. Results: The reliability of the questionnaire was shown after obtaining an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.819. The original questionnaire with 19 items was reduced to 15 items after the homogeneity analysis, obtaining a Cronbach alpha of 0.758. The validity of constructio was evaluated with the factor analysis of the questionnaire, with a result of two factors which represented ‘academic aspects’ and ‘socio-familiar aspects’. Those students with a positive anxiety and depression test were the ones who obtained the higher score on the global questionnaire and in both factors, proving the validity of the criteria. Conclusions: The research questionnaire is an agile and easy to use tool for the assessment and early detection of anxiety and depression in university students.

Serafín, Balanza Galindo; Isabel, Morales Moreno; Joaquín, Guerrero Muñoz; Ana, Conesa Conesa.

2008-04-01

219

Factors associated with depressive symptoms measured by the 12-item General Health Questionnaire in Community-Dwelling Older Adults (The Bambuí Health Aging Study) / Fatores associados aos sintomas depressivos avaliados pelo General Health Questionnaire (12 itens) em idosos residentes na comunidade (Projeto Bambuí)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Investigar os fatores associados aos sintomas depressivos em idosos residentes na comunidade. MÉTODO: Este estudo seccional foi desenvolvido em 1.510 idosos, que correspondem a 86% do total de residentes na cidade de Bambuí-MG com 60 ou mais anos de idade. A variável dependente deste estud [...] o é a presença de sintomas depressivos, determinada por meio do General Health Questionnaire (12 itens). As variáveis independentes incluíram características sociodemográficas, indicadores da rede social de apoio, estilos de vida e indicadores das condições de saúde. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de sintomas depressivos foi de 38,5% (escore no General Health Questionnaire ? 5). Associações positivas e independentes com esses sintomas foram observadas para sexo feminino (RP = 1,15; IC95%: 1,01-1,33), faixa etária de 80 anos ou mais (RP = 1,22; IC95%: 1,02-1,54) comparada com idades entre 60 e 69 anos, ser solteiro (RP = 1,25; IC95%: 1,02-1,46) e ser separado (RP = 1,30; IC95%: 1,03-1,65), anos de escolaridade inferior a quatro anos (RP = 1,42; IC95%: 1,04-2,00), percepção da saúde como razoável (RP = 1,84; IC95%: 1,45-2,34) e ruim ou muito ruim (RP = 2,44; IC95%: 1,91-3,12), incapacidade funcional (RP = 1,39; IC95%: 1,22-1,57) e insônia nos últimos 30 dias (RP = 1,77; IC95%: 1,22-1,57). CONCLUSÃO: Os fatores associados aos sintomas depressivos são semelhantes aos descritos em outros estudos e não explicam a alta prevalência de depressão encontrada em Bambuí. Esses achados demonstram a necessidade de investigação de outros fatores na tentativa de elucidar a etiopatogenia da depressão nessa população. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: This study evaluated 1,510 participants of the Bambuí Health Aging Study baseline. The dependent variable was the presence of depressive symptoms assessed by the 12-item General Health Q [...] uestionnaire and predictive variables were sociodemographic characteristics, social support network, lifestyle and health conditions. RESULTS: The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 38.5% (12-item General Health Questionnaire ? 5). Depressive symptoms were positively and independently associated with female gender (PR = 1.15; 95%CI 1.01-1.33), aged 80 years or over (PR = 1.22; 95%CI: 1.02-1.54) compared with 60-69 years, single (PR = 1.25; 95%CI: 1.02-1.46) or separated (PR = 1.30; 95%CI: 1.03-1.65) marital status, less than 4 years of schooling (PR = 1.42; 95%CI: 1.04-2.00), self-reported global health (reasonable: PR = 1.84; 95%CI 1.45-2.34; bad or very bad: PR = 2.44; 95%CI 1.91-3.12), incapacity or great difficulty in performing daily activities (PR = 1.39; 95%CI: 1.22-1.57) and complaint of insomnia in the last month (PR = 1.77; 95%CI: 1.22-1.99). CONCLUSION: The similarities between factors associated with depressive symptoms in this population and in others do not explain the high prevalence rates previously reported in Bambuí. These findings may guide efforts to investigate others factors to elucidate the etiopathogenesis of depression in this population.

Érico, Castro-Costa; Maria Fernanda, Lima-Costa; Sandra, Carvalhais; Josélia O A, Firmo; Elizabeth, Uchoa.

2008-06-01

220

Conversion of Questionnaire Data  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the survey, respondents are asked to provide qualitative answers (well, adequate, needs improvement) on how well material control and accountability (MC&A) functions are being performed. These responses can be used to develop failure probabilities for basic events performed during routine operation of the MC&A systems. The failure frequencies for individual events may be used to estimate total system effectiveness using a fault tree in a probabilistic risk analysis (PRA). Numeric risk values are required for the PRA fault tree calculations that are performed to evaluate system effectiveness. So, the performance ratings in the questionnaire must be converted to relative risk values for all of the basic MC&A tasks performed in the facility. If a specific material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) task is being performed at the 'perfect' level, the task is considered to have a near zero risk of failure. If the task is performed at a less than perfect level, the deficiency in performance represents some risk of failure for the event. As the degree of deficiency in performance increases, the risk of failure increases. If a task that should be performed is not being performed, that task is in a state of failure. The failure probabilities of all basic events contribute to the total system risk. Conversion of questionnaire MPC&A system performance data to numeric values is a separate function from the process of completing the questionnaire. When specific questions in the questionnaire are answered, the focus is on correctly assessing and reporting, in an adjectival manner, the actual performance of the related MC&A function. Prior to conversion, consideration should not be given to the numeric value that will be assigned during the conversion process. In the conversion process, adjectival responses to questions on system performance are quantified based on a log normal scale typically used in human error analysis (see A.D. Swain and H.E. Guttmann, 'Handbook of Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications,' NUREG/CR-1278). This conversion produces the basic event risk of failure values required for the fault tree calculations. The fault tree is a deductive logic structure that corresponds to the operational nuclear MC&A system at a nuclear facility. The conventional Delphi process is a time-honored approach commonly used in the risk assessment field to extract numerical values for the failure rates of actions or activities when statistically significant data is absent.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Estrutura fatorial do questionário de morbidade psiquiátrica de adultos aplicado em amostras populacionais de cidades brasileiras / The factor structure of the adult psychiatry morbidity questionnaire (QMPA) in a community sample of Brazilian cities  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A análise de componentes principais é uma técnica de estatística multivariada utilizada para examinar a interdependência entre variáveis. A sua principal característica é a capacidade de reduzir dados, e tem sido usada para o desenvolvimento de instrumentos de pesquisas psiquiátricas e na classifica [...] ção dos transtornos psiquiátricos. Esta técnica foi utilizada para estudar a estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Morbidade Psiquiátrica do Adulto (QMPA). O questionário foi composto de 45 questões de resposta sim/não que identificam sintomas psiquiátricos, uso de serviço e de drogas psicotrópicas. O questionário foi aplicado em 6.470 indivíduos maiores de 15 anos, em amostras representativas da população de três cidades brasileiras (Brasília, São Paulo e Porto Alegre). O estudo teve como objetivo comparar a estrutura fatorial do questionário nas três regiões urbanas brasileiras. Sete fatores foram encontrados que explicam 42,7% da variância total da amostra. O fator 1, Ansiedade/Somatização ("eigenvalue" (EV) = 3.812 e variância explicada (VE) = 10,9%); O fator 2, Irritabilidade/Depressão (EV = 2.412 e VE = 6,9%); O fator 3, Deficiência Mental (EV= 2.014 e VE = 5,8%); O fator 4, Alcoolismo (EV = 1.903 e VE = 5,4%); O fator 5, Exaltação do Humor (EV = 1.621 e VE = 4,6%); O fator 6, Transtorno de Percepção (EV = 1.599 e VE = 4,6%) e o fator 7, Tratamento (EV = 1.592 e VE = 4,5%).O QMPA apresentou estruturas fatoriais semelhantes nas três cidades. Baseados nos achados, são feitas sugestões para que algumas questões sejam modificadas e para a exclusão de outras em uma futura versão do questionário. Abstract in english Principal Components Analysis is a multivariate statistical technique for the purpose of examining the interdependence among variables. The main characteristic of this technique is the ability to reduce data, and it is currently used as an adjunct for the development of psychiatric research tools an [...] d the classification of psychiatric disorders. It has been applied to the study of the Factorial Structure of a Brazilian screening questionnaire, the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Questionnaire (QMPA). The questionnaire is made up of 45 yes/no items for the identification of psychiatric symptons and the use of psychiatric services and psychotropic drugs. The questionnaire was applied to 6.470 subjects over 15 years old in representative samples from three urban areas: Brasília, Porto Alegre and S. Paulo. Seven factors were found to explain 42.7% of the total variance: Anxiety/Somatization (eigenvalue=3.81, 10.9%); Irritability/Depression (eigenvalue =2.41, 6.9%); Cognitive Impairment (eigenvalue = 2.01, 5.8%); Alcoholism (eigenvalue =1.90, 5.4%); Mood Elation (eigenvalue = 1.62, 4.6%); Hallucinatory/ Delusional Disorders (eigenvalue = 1.60, 4.6%); and Drug/Therapies (eigenvalue = 1.60, 4.5%). A similar pattern of results was found when the analysis was carried out in the three places. It is suggested, on the banis of these findings, that some questions should be modified and some excluded in any future version of the questionnaire.

Sérgio Baxter, Andreoli; Jair de Jesus, Mari; Sérgio Luis, Blay; Naomar de, Almeida-Filho; Evandro, Coutinho; Josimar, França; Jefferson Gomes, Fernandes; Ellis D' Arrigo, Busnello.

222

Estrutura fatorial do questionário de morbidade psiquiátrica de adultos aplicado em amostras populacionais de cidades brasileiras / The factor structure of the adult psychiatry morbidity questionnaire (QMPA) in a community sample of Brazilian cities  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A análise de componentes principais é uma técnica de estatística multivariada utilizada para examinar a interdependência entre variáveis. A sua principal característica é a capacidade de reduzir dados, e tem sido usada para o desenvolvimento de instrumentos de pesquisas psiquiátricas e na classifica [...] ção dos transtornos psiquiátricos. Esta técnica foi utilizada para estudar a estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Morbidade Psiquiátrica do Adulto (QMPA). O questionário foi composto de 45 questões de resposta sim/não que identificam sintomas psiquiátricos, uso de serviço e de drogas psicotrópicas. O questionário foi aplicado em 6.470 indivíduos maiores de 15 anos, em amostras representativas da população de três cidades brasileiras (Brasília, São Paulo e Porto Alegre). O estudo teve como objetivo comparar a estrutura fatorial do questionário nas três regiões urbanas brasileiras. Sete fatores foram encontrados que explicam 42,7% da variância total da amostra. O fator 1, Ansiedade/Somatização ("eigenvalue" (EV) = 3.812 e variância explicada (VE) = 10,9%); O fator 2, Irritabilidade/Depressão (EV = 2.412 e VE = 6,9%); O fator 3, Deficiência Mental (EV= 2.014 e VE = 5,8%); O fator 4, Alcoolismo (EV = 1.903 e VE = 5,4%); O fator 5, Exaltação do Humor (EV = 1.621 e VE = 4,6%); O fator 6, Transtorno de Percepção (EV = 1.599 e VE = 4,6%) e o fator 7, Tratamento (EV = 1.592 e VE = 4,5%).O QMPA apresentou estruturas fatoriais semelhantes nas três cidades. Baseados nos achados, são feitas sugestões para que algumas questões sejam modificadas e para a exclusão de outras em uma futura versão do questionário. Abstract in english Principal Components Analysis is a multivariate statistical technique for the purpose of examining the interdependence among variables. The main characteristic of this technique is the ability to reduce data, and it is currently used as an adjunct for the development of psychiatric research tools an [...] d the classification of psychiatric disorders. It has been applied to the study of the Factorial Structure of a Brazilian screening questionnaire, the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Questionnaire (QMPA). The questionnaire is made up of 45 yes/no items for the identification of psychiatric symptons and the use of psychiatric services and psychotropic drugs. The questionnaire was applied to 6.470 subjects over 15 years old in representative samples from three urban areas: Brasília, Porto Alegre and S. Paulo. Seven factors were found to explain 42.7% of the total variance: Anxiety/Somatization (eigenvalue=3.81, 10.9%); Irritability/Depression (eigenvalue =2.41, 6.9%); Cognitive Impairment (eigenvalue = 2.01, 5.8%); Alcoholism (eigenvalue =1.90, 5.4%); Mood Elation (eigenvalue = 1.62, 4.6%); Hallucinatory/ Delusional Disorders (eigenvalue = 1.60, 4.6%); and Drug/Therapies (eigenvalue = 1.60, 4.5%). A similar pattern of results was found when the analysis was carried out in the three places. It is suggested, on the banis of these findings, that some questions should be modified and some excluded in any future version of the questionnaire.

Sérgio Baxter, Andreoli; Jair de Jesus, Mari; Sérgio Luis, Blay; Naomar de, Almeida-Filho; Evandro, Coutinho; Josimar, França; Jefferson Gomes, Fernandes; Ellis D' Arrigo, Busnello.

223

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

Science.gov (United States)

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Zalles, Daniel R.; Library, Online E.

224

Factor Structure of the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: The present study examined the factorial invariance and functional equivalence of the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS) among the Chinese. Methods: A total of 839 undergraduate students completed the 240-item Simplified Chinese version of the VIA-IS online. Another 40 students participated in qualitative interviews to…

Duan, Wenjie; Ho, Samuel M. Y.; Yu, Bai; Tang, Xiaoqing; Zhang, Yonghong; Li, Tingting; Yuen, Tom

2012-01-01

225

Revalidation of the Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire (PCQ) and the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire (SCQ).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire (PCQ) and the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire (SCQ) have previously been developed and validated within the 'Stress of Conscience Study'. The aim was to revalidate these two questionnaires, including two additional, theoretically and empirically significant items, on a sample of healthcare personnel working in direct contact with patients. The sample consisted of 503 healthcare personnel. To test variation and distribution among the answers, descriptive statistics, item analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) were used to examine the underlying factor structure of the questionnaires. Support for adding the new item to the PCQ was found. No support was found for adding the new item to the SCQ. Both questionnaires can be regarded as valid for Swedish settings but can be improved by rephrasing some of the PCQ items and by adding items about private life to the SCQ. PMID:22354810

Ahlin, Johan; Ericson-Lidman, Eva; Norberg, Astrid; Strandberg, Gunilla

2012-03-01

226

Effectiveness of a questionnaire based intervention programme on the prevalence of arm, shoulder and neck symptoms, risk factors and sick leave in computer workers: A cluster randomised controlled trial in an occupational setting  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Arm, shoulder and neck symptoms are very prevalent among computer workers. In an attempt to reduce these symptoms, a large occupational health service in the Netherlands developed a preventive programme on exposure to risk factors, prevalence of arm, shoulder and neck symptoms, and sick leave in computer workers. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of this intervention programme. Methods The study was a randomised controlled trial. The participants were assigned to either the intervention group or the usual care group by means of cluster randomisation. At baseline and after 12 months of follow-up, the participants completed the RSI QuickScan questionnaire on exposure to the risk factors and on the prevalence of arm, shoulder and neck symptoms. A tailor-made intervention programme was proposed to participants with a high risk profile at baseline. Examples of implemented interventions are an individual workstation check, a visit to the occupational health physician and an education programme on the prevention of arm, shoulder and neck symptoms. The primary outcome measure was the prevalence of arm, shoulder and neck symptoms. Secondary outcome measures were the scores on risk factors for arm, shoulder and neck symptoms and the number of days of sick leave. Sick leave data was obtained from the companies. Multilevel analyses were used to test the effectiveness. Results Of the 1,673 persons invited to participate in the study, 1,183 persons (71% completed the baseline questionnaire and 741 persons participated at baseline as well as at 12-month follow-up. At 12-month follow-up, the intervention group showed a significant positive change (OR = 0.48 in receiving information on healthy computer use, as well as a significant positive change regarding risk indicators for work posture and movement, compared to the usual care group. There were no significant differences in changes in the prevalence of arm, shoulder and neck symptoms or sick leave between the intervention and usual care group. Conclusions The effects of the RSI QuickScan intervention programme were small, possibly as a result of difficulties with the implementation process of the proposed interventions. However, some significant positive effects were found as to an increase in receiving education and a decrease in exposure to adverse postures and movements. With regard to symptoms and sick leave, only small and non-significant effects were found. Trial registration Netherlands National Trial Register NTR1117

Heinrich Judith

2010-05-01

227

A study on people's awareness of the causal factors of the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident and measures to ensure nuclear power plants safety. Questionnaire survey conducted in the Kansai area  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study, we conducted three questionnaire surveys targeting a total of 808 respondents living in the cities of Kyoto, Osaka and Kobe, in order to elucidate people's awareness of the following 1) the causal factors of the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident, 2) measures taken by electric power companies to ensure nuclear power plants safety, 3) management measures for earthquake and tsunami disaster. The results revealed that 1) the causal factors of the accident the respondents were aware of were a) a mega earthquake and tsunami disaster, b) insufficient preparations for an earthquake and tsunami disaster, c) failure to take adequate management decisions and insufficient preparations to prevent severe nuclear power plant accidents, d) high confidence in nuclear power plants safety, 2) most respondents knew about the information concerning the measures taken by electric power companies from television and newspapers, and only a few respondents sought additional information, 3) respondents were anxious about a) the uncertainty of pre-disaster hazard assumptions and management measures, b) limitations of technological countermeasures against the natural disasters, c) the tendency to overvalue the safety measures. (author)

228

[Development of the Conscious Defensiveness Questionnaire (CDQ)].  

Science.gov (United States)

Conscious defensiveness has been found to mediate the relationship between hostility and coronary artery disease. In order to investigate the influence in Japan, the Conscious Defensiveness Questionnaire (CDQ) was developed and its validity and reliability were assessed in the present studies. The first study with college students (N = 419) was conducted to construct the CDQ as a 16-item questionnaire based on two preliminary researches. Factor analysis indicated that the 16 items in the CDQ conform to one factor structure, and the CDQ showed adequate factorial validity as well as high internal consistency. In the second study, the results of test-retest with college students (N = 225) revealed satisfactory stability of the CDQ over a 6- to 7-week period, and furthermore it showed construct validity in the relationships with peer ratings and nominations for college and graduate students (N = 191). Thus the present studies established the CDQ as a standardized questionnaire to measure conscious defensiveness. PMID:12516182

Kunugimoto, Noriko; Yamasaki, Katsuyuki

2002-10-01

229

Development and validation of a questionnaire measuring factors associated with physical activity in adolescents / Desenvolvimento e validação de um questionário para mensurar fatores associados à atividade física em adolescentes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: desenvolver e analisar a fidedignidade e validade de um questionário para mensurar fatores associados à atividade física (AF) em adolescentes. MÉTODOS: participaram do estudo 248 adolescentes de 14 a 19 anos de idade. Os fatores associados à AF mensurados foram: atitude, autoeficácia, apo [...] io social dos pais e dos amigos para prática de AF, ambiente percebido. O alpha de Cronbach (?) e a correlação intraclasse (CCI) foram utilizados para verificar a fidedignidade, e a análise fatorial exploratória para avaliar a validade do questionário. RESULTADOS: a medida de atitude continha um único fator (atitude: ?=0,76; CCI=0,89); a de autoeficácia dois fatores: recursos para prática de AF (?=0,76; CCI=0,75), apoio social e motivos para prática de AF (?=0,75; CCI=0,67); a de apoio social dois fatores: apoio dos amigos (?=0,90; CCI=0,89) e dos pais (?=0,81; CCI=0,91); a medida de ambiente três fatores: acesso e atratividade dos locais para prática de AF (?=0,69; CCI=0,82), segurança para a prática de AF (?=0,70; CCI=0,75) e infra-estrutura geral do bairro (?=0,73; CCI=0,67). CONCLUSÃO: o questionário demonstrou validade e fidedignidade (consistência interna e reprodutibilidade) satisfatórias, recomendando a sua utilização em adolescentes. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: to develop a questionnaire to measure factors associated with physical activity (PA) in adolescents and analyze its reliability and validity. METHODS: a total of 248 adolescents from 14 to 19 years old took part in this study. The factors associated with PA measured were: attitude, self- [...] efficacy, social support of PA and perceived environment. Cronbach's alpha (?) and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were used to test reliability, and exploratory factor analysis to evaluate validity. RESULTS: attitude was measured as a single factor (attitude: ?=0.76, ICC=0.89); self-efficacy consisted of two factors: resources for PA (?=0.76, ICC=0.75) and social support and motives for engaging in PA (?=0.76, ICC=0.67); social support was measured as two factors: support for PA from friends (?=0.90, ICC=0.89) and support for PA from parents (?= 0.81, ICC=0.91); and the environment was measured as three factors: access to and attractiveness of places to engage in PA (?=0.69, ICC=0.82), security/safety when engaging in PA (?=0.73, ICC=0.67), and general infrastructure of the neighborhood (?=0.70, ICC=0.75). CONCLUSIONS: the questionnaire exhibited satisfactory validity and reliability and can be recommended for studies investigating adolescents.

José Cazuza de, Farias Júnior; Adair da Silva, Lopes; Rodrigo Siqueira, Reis; Juarez Vieira do, Nascimento; Adriano Ferreti, Borgatto; Pedro Curi, Hallal.

230

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

231

Disorder concept scales and personality dimensions in a young adult sample.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous research has shown correlations between normal personality variables of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) and Axis II personality disorder scales using the Morey, Waugh, and Blashfield Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory. This study (N = 37) compared variables from the adolescent version of the 16PF, the High School Personality Questionnaire, Revised, including the new Clinical Supplement and the MMPI scales of Morey, et al. and yielded results similar to those from earlier studies with other inventories. Extraversion scores correlated positively with those on Narcissistic and Histrionic scales, negatively with scores on Schizoid, Avoidant, and Schizotypal scales; scores on Independence had a similar pattern. PMID:10710969

Moyer, R D; Schuerger, J M

1999-12-01

232

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Multimedia

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996, which was followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equa...

2007-01-01

233

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Multimedia

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996 followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equal Opportuni...

2007-01-01

234

VALIDEZ DE UN INSTRUMENTO MULTIDIMESIONAL PARA MEDIR FACTORES DE RIESGO ASOCIADOS A TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA EN PÚBERES MEXICANOS VALIDITY OF A MULTIDIMENSIONAL QUESTIONNAIRE TO MEASURE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED TO EATING DISORDERS IN MEXICAN PUBESCENTS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objetivo: obtener la validez y consistencia interna de un cuestionario para púberes mexicanos, hombres y mujeres, que evalúe factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. Sujetos y método: El cuestionario se aplicó a una muestra no probabilística, de púberes estudiantes de la ciudad de México (504 hombres y 511 mujeres), con edades de 11 a 15 años de edad, con una media de 12,13. Se realizó un análisis de consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach) y un análisis...

Teresita de Jesús Saucedo-Molina; Claudia Unikel-Santoncini

2010-01-01

235

Personality characteristics of South African navy divers.  

Science.gov (United States)

The first study aimed to determine the extent to which the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) can be used to describe successful divers in the South African Navy. The 16PF profiles of 100 divers were analyzed to describe the personality characteristics of naval divers. Results indicate that four personality factors were most descriptive of the sample. They were Group-orientation, Enthusiasm, Adventurousness, and Confidence. These factors seemed appropriate when discussed from an environmental demand perspective. The second study aimed to determine the extent to which the 16 PF can be used to differentiate between divers and submariners in the South African Navy. The two groups differed significantly on two factors--divers scored higher on Enthusiasm and submariners scored higher on Conservatism. PMID:11732881

Van Wijk, C; Waters, A H

2001-01-01

236

Internal factors affecting the jury members verdict  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article is devoted to the analysis of socio-demographic and individual psychological characteristics that influence the verdict of jury. The study involved 38 men and women aged 25 to 64 years. With the help of a questionnaire, developed on the basis of legal development model by J. Tapp and F. Levine, we revealed levels of jury members’ legal conscience, which, together with socio-demographic characteristics and personality characteristics of the subjects, identified by R. Cattell 16PF Questionnaire, were related to the responses on the Questionnaire while returning verdict on specially selected criminal cases with implicit guilt of the defendant. According to the study, it was determined that the socio-demographic characteristics of the jurors did not significantly affect their verdict, and among the psychological characteristics of the jurors the greatest impact on their verdict has the level of legal development. Thus, depending on the nature of the crime (violent, non-violent or committed through negligence, the same level of legal conscience differently affect the decision of jurors.

Kalashnikova A.S.

2013-09-01

237

Paper to Electronic Questionnaires: Effects on Structured Questionnaire Forms  

Science.gov (United States)

With the use of computers, paper questionnaires are being replaced by electronic questionnaires. The formats of traditional paper questionnaires have been found to effect a subject's rating. Consequently, the transition from paper to electronic format can subtly change results. The research presented begins to determine how electronic questionnaire formats change subjective ratings. For formats where subjects used a flow chart to arrive at their rating, starting at the worst and middle ratings of the flow charts were the most accurate but subjects took slightly more time to arrive at their answers. Except for the electronic paper format, starting at the worst rating was the most preferred. The paper and electronic paper versions had the worst accuracy. Therefore, for flowchart type of questionnaires, flowcharts should start at the worst rating and work their way up to better ratings.

Trujillo, Anna C.

2009-01-01

238

School Integration Questionnaire for Parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

This 40-item questionnaire intends to measure parent opinion on the effects of integration on their children and the school system. A recommended letter to parents is included. No field testing has been done. (See also TM 000 940 for a description of the study and 941, 942 for other questionnaires used.) (DLG)

Goolsby, Thomas M., Jr.; And Others

239

Structured Questionnaire To Measure Therapeutic Relationship  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study attempts to develop and validate a new instrument to measure therapeutic relationship for use with high hospital principals and hospital employees. By using the three domains of therapeutic relationship, namely Patient factor, Therapist factors and Environmental factors, a primary questionnaire with 142 – item was developed and tested based on a sample of 250 hospital employees drawn from 4 hospitals representing in Iran. KMO Measure of Sampling Adequacy (.832 and Bartlett's Test of Sphericity (1345.32 and Analysis of Scree Plot have shown that the properties of sample are appropriate for factor analysis. Factor analysis for the final items items were made from which 64 items were extracted which had factor loading of >0.5 on the four domains. The properties of reliability and validity have borne significant results which show this instrument can be considered suitable to determine the position of therapeutic relationship in hospital employees.

FatemehKhoshnavafomani

2012-10-01

240

Personality Attributes of High IQ/High Achieving Gifted Adolescents: Implications of the Personal Styles Model.  

Science.gov (United States)

The nonpathological personality characteristics of 44 high IQ/high achieving high school students were assessed using the Personal Styles Inventory (PSI) and the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF). Results found that basic personality characteristics of the students did not differ remarkably from typical students and that the PSI…

Holliday, Gregory A.; And Others

1996-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Emotional Stability Pertaining to the Game of Dungeons & Dragons.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dungeons & Dragons, game involving extensive fantasy role-playing, has been blamed for suicides and homicides. To examine emotional stability of players, Cattell's Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) was administered to 68 adolescent and adult game players. Results showed no significant correlation between years of playing the game and…

Simon, Armando

1987-01-01

242

Using Person Matching to Predict Career Specialty Choice  

Science.gov (United States)

Person matching promotes career exploration and choice by linking persons to persons in occupations based on inventory profile score similarity. We examined the efficacy of the procedure for career specialty choice. Medical students (N=196 women, 224 men) responded to the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) in their first year of…

Hartung, Paul J.; Borges, Nicole J.; Jones, Bonnie J.

2005-01-01

243

Personality Correlates of Dream Recall  

Science.gov (United States)

The study investigated the capacity of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) to discriminate between those who frequently recall dreams and those who do not. The results are interpreted as indicating that the frequent recaller experiences less and the infrequent recaller experiences more intrapsychic conflict. (Author)

Hill, A. B.

1974-01-01

244

Age Differences in Personality Structure: A Cluster Analytic Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Presented at the 81st APA Convention, Montreal, 1973, this study showed how a cluster analytic approach was used to determine age differences in personality measured by the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF). Subjects were 969 adult male volunteers, 25 to 34, 35 to 54, and 55 to 82. Openness to experience showed age-related…

Costa, Paul T., Jr.; McCrae, Robert R.

1976-01-01

245

Validity and Reliability of Sport Organizational Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available This research has been designed and conducted to evaluate the validity and reliability of organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire as an instrument in sports environment to assess the status of organizational citizenship behavior dimensions among the athletes of clubs. A 20-question questionnaire has been designed to measure the dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior by studying the background of existing researches and questionnaires. The statistical sample included all of male athletes working in Iran’s Futsal premier league, and 144 questionnaires returned at last. In this research, the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the validity of structure after assessing the validity of content and convergent validity (average variance extracted. And, to evaluate the combinational reliability, Cronbach’s Alpha was used. Moreover, the applications SPSS and PLS-Graph were used to analyze data. The results of exploratory factor analysis indicated that five factors were explained by 69.10% of variance, and Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin was measured 85.5%. The reliability of the questionnaire was reported to be 91% and 93% based on Cronbach’s Alpha and combinational reliability, respectively. Given the fact that the validity and reliability indexes of questionnaire have all been reported to be in a satisfactory condition, this questionnaire can be used as a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure organizational citizenship behavior and its dimensions.

Hamid Sarani

2014-07-01

246

Obstructive sleep apnea, detected by the Berlin Questionnaire: an associated risk factor for coronary artery disease / Risco de apneia obstrutiva do sono detectado pelo Questionário de Berlim está associado com doença arterial coronariana  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono (SAOS), fator de risco para doença arterial coronariana, permanece subdiagnosticada. Investigou-se se o risco de SAOS pelo Questionário de Berlim (QB) associa-se com doença arterial coronariana. Casos foram pacientes encaminhados para coronariografia eletiva, cl [...] assificados em casos com lesão significativa (estenose > 50%) ou sem lesões significativas. Controles foram selecionados em amostra populacional. QB foi positivo em 135 (41,2%) de 328 casos, em contraste com 151 (34,4%) de 439 controles (p = 0,03). Em análise logística multinomial, o risco de SAOS identificado pelo QB associou-se com doença arterial coronariana exclusivamente nos casos com lesões de pelo menos 50% (OR: 1,53; IC95%: 1,02-2,30; p = 0,04). Em indivíduos com lesões significativas, o risco de SAOS pela QB foi maior entre os que têm 40-59 anos (OR: 1,76; IC95%: 1,05-2,97; p = 0,03) e em mulheres (OR: 3,56; IC95%: 1,64-7,72; p = 0,001). Em conclusão, alto risco para a SAOS identificados pela QB associa-se a risco de lesões coronarianas significativas na angiografia, particularmente em indivíduos mais jovens e em mulheres. Abstract in english Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a risk factor for coronary artery disease, remains under diagnosed. We investigated if OSA identified by the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) is associated with the risk of coronary artery disease. Cases were patients referred for elective coronariography. The cases were clas [...] sified with significant coronary lesions (stenosis > 50% in an epicardial coronary) or without significant coronary lesions. Controls were selected from a population-based sample. Positive BQ results were identified in 135 (41.2%) of 328 cases, in contrast with 151 (34.4%) of 439 control subjects (p = 0.03). In a multinomial logistic analysis, the risk for OSA identified by the BQ was independently associated with coronary artery disease in cases with lesions of at least 50% (OR = 1.53; 95%CI: 1.02-2.30; p = 0.04). The risk from OSA identified by the BQ was higher in younger subjects (40-59 years) (OR = 1.76; 95%CI: 1.05-2.97; p = 0.03) and in women (OR = 3.56; 95%CI: 1.64-7.72; p = 0.001). In conclusion, OSA identified by the BQ greatly increases the risks of coronary artery disease in patients having significant coronary artery lesions indicated by anangiogram, particularly in younger individuals and in women.

Daniela, Massierer; Denis, Martinez; Sandra Costa, Fuchs; Paulo P., Pellin; Márcio S., Garcia; Ana Luisa, Zacharias; Isadora F., Antunes; Marco V., Wainstein; Leila Beltrami, Moreira; Jorge Pinto, Ribeiro; Flavio Danni, Fuchs.

247

Inclusion of the latent personality variable in multinomial Logit models using the 16pf psychometric test  

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Los modelos de demanda de viajes utilizan principalmente los atributos modales y las características socioeconómicas como variables explicativas. También se ha establecido que las actitudes y percepciones influyen en el comportamiento de los usuarios. Sin embargo, las variables psicológicas del individuo condicionan la conducta del usuario. En este estudio se incluyó la variable latente personalidad, en la estimación del modelo híbrido de elección discreta, el cual constituye una buen...

Lvarez, G. Patricia Jaramillo U. C.; Jorge Rdoba, E. Cu D. Maquilu D. N.

2012-01-01

248

Questionnaire  

Nov 2, 2007 ... I try not to buy products from a company whose ethics I disagree with. 5. I would \\favour a ..... Justice and Human Rights. Local Community or ... an approximate \\amount, to see if this influences people's views and experiences.

249

QUESTIONNAIRES PRETESTING IN MARKETING RESEARCH  

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Full Text Available Designing the perfect survey questionnaire is impossible. However, researchers can still create an effective research. To make your questionnaire effective, it is necessary to pretest it before actually using it. The following paper reveals some general guidelines on pretesting and what to do for a more effective marketing research giving the fact that the existing literature highlights the importance and indispensability of pretesting and on the other hand, does not provide sufficient information in terms of methodology about it. Also, we have tried to explain the importance of questionnaires pretesting before applying them in order to obtain the best results in marketing research and we’ve kept in mind that high quality in this domain means using new tools and improving the existing ones if one searches for efficient results.

ALINA-MIHAELA BABONEA

2011-04-01

250

Factor de riesgo para suicidio según dos cuestionarios y factores asociados en población estudiantil de la Universidad de Manizales (Colombia), 2011 / Risk factor for suicide according to two questionnaires and factors linked to the student population of a university in Manizales (Colombia), 2011  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El suicidio es una conducta producto de la interacción de muchas variables que llevan al ser humano a tratar de terminar con su vida por sus propios medios. Este estudio pretende identificar el factor de riesgo suicida; además de factores asociados en los estudiantes de pregrado de la Universidad de [...] Manizales. Es un estudio de corte transversal, en el cual se seleccionó una muestra probabilística de 355 alumnos de programas de dicha universidad y se aplicaron los cuestionarios de Beck y Plutchik para riesgo suicida y factores asociados. El estudio mostró un factor de riesgo para suicidio según la Escala de Plutchik de 13,5% y según la Escala de Desesperanza de Beck entre riesgo suicida alto y moderado de un 16,7%. Y como factores asociados se encontraron significativos, según la Escala de Plutchik, el estrato socioeconómico (p= 0,005), presencia de un diagnóstico psiquiátrico (p=0,000), consumo de alcohol (p=0,000) y sustancias psicoactivas (p=0,000), antecedentes familiares de suicidio (p=0,034), funcionalidad familiar (p=0,000), nivel de autoestima (p=0,000), ansiedad (p=0,000) y depresión (p=0,000); según la Escala de Beck, además de los anteriores factores asociados, se encontró la asociación significativa con raza (p=0,003), estado civil (p=0,007), espiritualidad (p=0,000) y el programa de pregrado que se encuentre cursando el estudiante (p=0,000). El Factor de Riesgo para Suicidio, según Escala de Plutchik, es parecido al encontrado en otras poblaciones análogas. Las escalas de Plutchik y de Beck, aunque relacionadas, no son equivalentes. Abstract in english Suicide is a conduct as a result of the interaction of many variables that lead a human being to end with his/her life through their own means. This study pretends to identify the suicidal risk factor and associated factors in undergraduate students of the Universidad de Manizales. This is a Cross-s [...] ectional study, of a probabilistic sample of 355 student of the undergraduate programs of the Universidad de Manizales. The student population that was studied consisted of three hundred and fifty five students. The Plutchik's Scale and Beck's Hopelessness Scale for suicide risk were employed, the associated factors also were measured. This study showed, according to Plutchik's Scale, a suicide risk factor of 13.5%, and a 16.7% of a high and moderate suicide risk factor according to Beck's Scale. The study also threw out important associated factors on the Plutchik's Scale: socioeconomic stratum (p= 0,005), psychiatric diagnosis (p= 0,000), intake of alcohol (p= 0,000) and psychoactive substances consumption (p=0,000), family members with suicidal background (p=0,034), family functionality (p= 0,000), self-esteem levels (p= 0,000), anxiety (p= 0,000) and depression (p= 0,000). In relation to Beck's Scale, besides the factors that were previously mentioned, the following were found race (p=0,003), marital status (p= 0,007), spirituality (p= 0,000), and the undergraduate program that each student is part of (p= 0,000). Plutchik Risk factor for suicide, is similar to that found in others similar populations. Plutchik and Beck scales are not equivalent but related.

Sandra Constanza, Cañón; José Jaime, Castaño Castrillon; Beatriz Eugenia, Atehortúa Rojas; Paola, Botero Mejía; Luz Karime, García Ruiz; Luisa María, Rodríguez Vanegas; Carlos Arturo, Tovar Aguirre; Eliana, Rincón Urrego.

2012-12-01

251

Factor de riesgo para suicidio según dos cuestionarios y factores asociados en población estudiantil de la Universidad de Manizales (Colombia), 2011 / Risk factor for suicide according to two questionnaires and factors linked to the student population of a university in Manizales (Colombia), 2011  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El suicidio es una conducta producto de la interacción de muchas variables que llevan al ser humano a tratar de terminar con su vida por sus propios medios. Este estudio pretende identificar el factor de riesgo suicida; además de factores asociados en los estudiantes de pregrado de la Universidad de [...] Manizales. Es un estudio de corte transversal, en el cual se seleccionó una muestra probabilística de 355 alumnos de programas de dicha universidad y se aplicaron los cuestionarios de Beck y Plutchik para riesgo suicida y factores asociados. El estudio mostró un factor de riesgo para suicidio según la Escala de Plutchik de 13,5% y según la Escala de Desesperanza de Beck entre riesgo suicida alto y moderado de un 16,7%. Y como factores asociados se encontraron significativos, según la Escala de Plutchik, el estrato socioeconómico (p= 0,005), presencia de un diagnóstico psiquiátrico (p=0,000), consumo de alcohol (p=0,000) y sustancias psicoactivas (p=0,000), antecedentes familiares de suicidio (p=0,034), funcionalidad familiar (p=0,000), nivel de autoestima (p=0,000), ansiedad (p=0,000) y depresión (p=0,000); según la Escala de Beck, además de los anteriores factores asociados, se encontró la asociación significativa con raza (p=0,003), estado civil (p=0,007), espiritualidad (p=0,000) y el programa de pregrado que se encuentre cursando el estudiante (p=0,000). El Factor de Riesgo para Suicidio, según Escala de Plutchik, es parecido al encontrado en otras poblaciones análogas. Las escalas de Plutchik y de Beck, aunque relacionadas, no son equivalentes. Abstract in english Suicide is a conduct as a result of the interaction of many variables that lead a human being to end with his/her life through their own means. This study pretends to identify the suicidal risk factor and associated factors in undergraduate students of the Universidad de Manizales. This is a Cross-s [...] ectional study, of a probabilistic sample of 355 student of the undergraduate programs of the Universidad de Manizales. The student population that was studied consisted of three hundred and fifty five students. The Plutchik's Scale and Beck's Hopelessness Scale for suicide risk were employed, the associated factors also were measured. This study showed, according to Plutchik's Scale, a suicide risk factor of 13.5%, and a 16.7% of a high and moderate suicide risk factor according to Beck's Scale. The study also threw out important associated factors on the Plutchik's Scale: socioeconomic stratum (p= 0,005), psychiatric diagnosis (p= 0,000), intake of alcohol (p= 0,000) and psychoactive substances consumption (p=0,000), family members with suicidal background (p=0,034), family functionality (p= 0,000), self-esteem levels (p= 0,000), anxiety (p= 0,000) and depression (p= 0,000). In relation to Beck's Scale, besides the factors that were previously mentioned, the following were found race (p=0,003), marital status (p= 0,007), spirituality (p= 0,000), and the undergraduate program that each student is part of (p= 0,000). Plutchik Risk factor for suicide, is similar to that found in others similar populations. Plutchik and Beck scales are not equivalent but related.

Sandra Constanza, Cañón; José Jaime, Castaño Castrillon; Beatriz Eugenia, Atehortúa Rojas; Paola, Botero Mejía; Luz Karime, García Ruiz; Luisa María, Rodríguez Vanegas; Carlos Arturo, Tovar Aguirre; Eliana, Rincón Urrego.

252

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2010-04-01

253

Double Shift Evaluation: Student Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This 15-item student questionnaire is part of a study conducted in the Springfield, Illinois high schools to evaluate the double shift scheduling program instituted there. Students' reactions and opinions concerning the new scheduling technique are elicited by the forced-choice and open-ended items. See also TM 000 881-882, 884 for information on…

Springfield School District 186, IL.

254

Double Shift Evaluation: Faculty Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This 32-item faculty questionnaire is part of a study conducted in the Springfield, Illinois high schools to evaluate the double shift scheduling program instituted there. Teachers' reactions and opinions on the new scheduling technique are determined by the forced-choice and open-ended items. See also TM 000 881-883 for information on the study,…

Springfield School District 186, IL.

255

Double Shift Evaluation: Parent Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This 13-item parent questionnaire is part of a study conducted in the Springfield, Illinois high schools to evaluate the double shift scheduling program instituted there. Parents' reactions and opinions concerning the new scheduling technique are determined by a combination of forced-choice and open-ended questions. See also TM 000 881, 883-884…

Springfield School District 186, IL.

256

The Reliability and Validity of the Perceived Stigmatization Questionnaire (PSQ) and the Social Comfort Questionnaire (SCQ) among an Adult Burn Survivor Sample  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, 361 adult burn survivors completed the Perceived Stigmatization Questionnaire (PSQ), the Social Comfort Questionnaire (SCQ), and other measures. Both the PSQ and SCQ had good internal consistency indices. Factor analysis of the PSQ yielded 3 factors (absence of friendly behavior, confused/staring behavior, and hostile behavior). The…

Lawrence, John W.; Fauerbach, James A.; Heinberg, Leslie J.; Doctor, Marion; Thombs, Brett D.

2006-01-01

257

The Development of a Questionnaire on Academic Hardiness for Late Elementary School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the research was to develop a questionnaire to measure dimensions of academic hardiness in late elementary school children. Questionnaires were distributed to 1474 children. After a set of exploratory factor analyses in studies 1 and 2, the confirmatory factor analysis results provided support for the 9-factor solution which…

Kamtsios, Spiridon; Karagiannopoulou, Evangelia

2013-01-01

258

Construct validity of multidimensional personality questionnaire (MPQ  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper presents two studies aimed at the examination of the factor structure of The Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ and joint factor structure of the scales of MPQ and SPSRQ (The Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire. In the first research conducted on the sample of 1127 participants of both sexes, age 18 to 67, the results of the principal component analysis of the MPQ scales point to the existence of three higher-order dimensions, named General Adaptedness, Psychopathic Tendencies and Negative Emotionality. These dimensions correspond to the dimensions of the Eysenck’s PEN model to the greater extent than they achieve the assumed similarity with the dimensions of the Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory. In the second study conducted on the sample of 199 respondents of both sexes, age 18 to 59, the results of the joint principal component analysis of the MPQ and SPSRQ scales point to the existence of three higher order dimensions, which correspond to the Tellegen’s Positive Emotionality, Negative Emotionality, and Constraint. .

Mitrovi? Dušanka

2007-01-01

259

Validity and reliability of a questionnaire on knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors for use in Brazil / Validez y confiabilidad del cuestionario de conocimiento de factores de riesgo cardiovascular para su uso en el Brasil / Validade e fidedignidade de um questionario de conhecimento de fatores de risco cardiovascular para uso no Brasil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo metodológico foi realizar adaptação transcultural e validar para uso no Brasil um questionário de conhecimento dos fatores de risco cardiovascular (Q-FARCS), mudança do estilo de vida e adesão em uma amostra de pacientes com doença arterial coronariana. O questionário é divid [...] ido em três escores: conhecimento geral dos fatores de risco; conhecimento específico e mudanças no estilo de vida. A adaptação transcultural incluiu tradução, síntese, retrotradução, análise por comitê de especialistas e pré-teste. Validade de face e conteúdo, fidedignidade e validade de constructo foram mensuradas. Na amostra total (n=240) o Alpha de Cronbach foi de 0,75. Na análise das propriedades psicométricas, a validade de face e de conteúdo mostraram-se adequadas; a de constructo indicou sete componentes. Pode-se concluir que a versão adaptada para o Brasil do Q-FARCS apresentou adequada fidedignidade e validade para avaliar o conhecimento dos fatores de risco cardiovascular. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio metodológico fue realizar la adaptación transcultural y validar para su uso en el Brasil, un cuestionario de conocimiento de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular (Q-FARCS), el cambio del estilo de vida y adhesión al tratamiento en una muestra de pacientes con enfermedad [...] arterial coronaria. El cuestionario está dividido en tres scores: conocimiento general de los factores de riesgo; conocimiento específico y cambios en el estilo de vida. La adaptación transcultural incluyó traducción, síntesis, retro-traducción, análisis por comité de especialistas y pre-test. Validez de apariencia y contenido, confiabilidad y validez de constructo fueron medidas. En la muestra total (n=240) el Alfa de Cronbach fue de 0,75. En el análisis de las propiedades psicométricas, la validez de apariencia y de contenido se mostraron adecuadas; la validez de constructo indicó siete componentes. Se concluye que la versión adaptada para el Brasil del Q-FARCS presentó adecuada confiabilidad y validez para evaluar el conocimiento de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Abstract in english Using a sample of patients with coronary artery disease, this methodological study aimed to conduct a cross-cultural adaptation and validation of a questionnaire on knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors (Q-FARCS), lifestyle changes, and treatment adherence for use in Brazil. The questionnaire has [...] three scales: general knowledge of risk factors (RFs); specific knowledge of these RFs; and lifestyle changes achieved. Cross-cultural adaptation included translation, synthesis, back-translation, expert committee review, and pretesting. Face and content validity, reliability, and construct validity were measured. Cronbach’s alpha for the total sample (n = 240) was 0.75. Assessment of psychometric properties revealed adequate face and content validity, and the construct revealed seven components. It was concluded that the Brazilian version of Q-FARCS had adequate reliability and validity for the assessment of knowledge of cardiovascular RFs.

Marco Aurelio Lumertz, Saffi; Luis Joeci Jacques de, Macedo Junior; Melina Maria, Trojahn; Carisi Anne, Polanczyk; Eneida Rejane, Rabelo-Silva.

1083-10-01

260

Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form: Colombian validation [Young Schema Questionnaire – Short Form, Validación en Colombia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the factor structure of the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form ([YSQ-SF], Young, 1999 and the gender differences in early maladaptive schemas. The study took place in Colombia, where 1392 university students (541 male y 851 female completed the YSQ-SF. The results confirmed the existence of the original 15 first-order factors, in consistency with the 15 theoretical schemas. However, the results for the second-order structure were less conclusive, as both a three second order factor and a five second order factor structures showed similar fit indices. Alpha coefficients for the schemas rated between 0.74 and 0.89. Men scored higher than women on several schemas.

Nora Helena Londoño Arredondo

2012-03-01

 
 
 
 
261

IS ALOPECIA AREATA PSYCHOSOMATIC ?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Thirty cases of alopecia Areata from O.P.D. of Govt. Hospital, Madras were administered Indian Version of schedule of Recent Experience, Taylor's Manifest Anxiety Scale, Beck's Depressive Inventory, Hostility Direction and Hostility Questionnaire of Fould's and Cattell's 16 PF Questionnaire (Form E) to find out antecedent stress, anxiety, depression, hostility and personality factors. Thirty cases of Tinea versicolor as well as normal controls matched for age, sex, educational level and incom...

Devar, J. V.

1983-01-01

262

Relationship between personality traits and vocational choice.  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary.-The relationship between occupational preferences and personality traits was examined. A randomly chosen sample of 735 students (age range = 17 to 23 years; 50.5% male) in their last year of high school participated in this study. Participants completed Cattell's Sixteen Personality Factor-5 Questionnaire (16PF-5 Questionnaire) and the Kuder-C Professional Tendencies Questionnaire. Initial hierarchical cluster analysis categorized the participants into two groups by Kuder-C vocational factors: one showed a predilection for scientific or technological careers and the other a bias toward the humanities and social sciences. Based on these groupings, differences in 16PF-5 personality traits were analyzed and differences associated with three first-order personality traits (warmth, dominance, and sensitivity), three second-order factors (extraversion, control, and independence), and some areas of professional interest (mechanical, arithmetical artistic, persuasive, and welfare) were identified. The data indicated that there was congruency between personality profiles and vocational interests. PMID:19928625

Garcia-Sedeño, Manuel; Navarro, Jose I; Menacho, Inmaculada

2009-10-01

263

Dimensions and Severity of Marijuana Consequences: Development and Validation of the Marijuana Consequences Questionnaire (MACQ)  

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The Marijuana Consequences Questionnaire (MACQ) is a 50-item self-report measure modeled after the Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire (YAACQ). College students (n = 315) completed questionnaires online. A confirmatory factor analysis supported the hypothesized 8-factor structure. The results indicate good convergent and discriminant validity of the MACQ. A brief, unidimensional, 21-item version (B-MACQ) was developed by a Rasch model. Comparison of item severity estimates of the B...

Simons, Jeffrey S.; Dvorak, Robert D.; Merrill, Jennifer E.; Read, Jennifer P.

2012-01-01

264

The contruction and evaluation of an attention questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The principal objective of the study was the construction and evaluation of an attention questionnaire. A corollary of the study was to determine the common factors between the Attention Questionnaire (AQ and the Locus of Control Inventory (LCI. The AQ and the LCI (1999 were applied jointly to a sample of 1577 first-year university students. To start with the AQ was subjected to a principal factor analysis. It yielded three factors which were identified as Concentration Ability, Arousal and Distractibility. Three scales were formed which yielded reliabilities of 0,886, 0,757 and 0,863 respectively. Multiple battery factor analysis was used to establish the common factor structure of the two instruments. Autonomy and Internal Control were strongly related to Concentration Ability.

Johann M Schepers

2007-02-01

265

Relationships between the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ) and the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ).  

Science.gov (United States)

The outcome expectancies of 250 respondents were examined using the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ), comparing expectancies about four different foods: fruit, vegetables, chocolate and sweets and plain biscuits. These expectancies were related to diet as assessed by a Food Frequency Questionnaire. As with alcohol expectancies [Jones, B. T., Corbin, W. & Fromme, K. (2001). A review of expectancy theory and alcohol consumption. Addiction, 96, 57-72], on which this research was modelled, positive and negative outcomes were the main factors for all foods, accounting jointly for between 33 and 40% of expectancy variance in factor analysis and predicting as much as 16% of the variance in relevant food intake measures by linear regression. Expected positive and negative outcomes of eating were predominantly immediate psychological after-effects, rather than including orosensory experiences, or longer-term effects on health or well-being. Other expectancies varied from food to food. FEQ expectancies for different foods have similar factor structure and were related to self-reported diet, the FEQ therefore shows promise as a means of modelling cognitions about eating. PMID:15949872

Reid, Marie; Bunting, Jane; Hammersley, Richard

2005-10-01

266

Validating and Investigating Reliability of Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Background: The present research aims to validate and discuss the reliability of Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 150 mothers with 3-6 year old children in the city of Rasht were selected through cluster random sampling from the public and private kindergartens in 2010. After being confident about the translation validity, the degree of validation (content and structure and validity (test-retest reliability and internal consistency of the questionnaire was examined. Results: The degree of validation of questionnaire content, except questions 2, 16 and 46, was at a high level and these three questions were omitted. The method of the consistency of factors and total scores of the questionnaire was used to study the validation of structure, which was satisfactory and varied between 0.30-0.72. The validity of questionnaire was examined through test-retest and Cronbach's alpha methods. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC was between 0.80-0.91 and Cronbach's alpha was between 0.80-0.90. Conclusion: In general, the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ was proved to be valid and with respect to the results obtained from the present research, it can be used in the research on child diet.

Saeid Doaei

2013-03-01

267

A estutura fatorial dos atributos valorativos e descritivos do trabalho: um estudo empírico de aperfeiçoamento e validação de um questionário The factor structure of descriptive and value attributes of work: an empirical study of validation and improvement of a questionnaire  

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Full Text Available O estudo objetivou aprofundar a compreensão da estrutura fatorial dos atributos valorativos (o que deve ser e descritivos (o que é do trabalho e aperfeiçoar o instrumento de medida destas facetas do significado do trabalho. Foi desenvolvido com 622 trabalhadores de uma construtora habitacional e duas redes de supermercado, no Distrito Federal, através da aplicação do Inventário do Significado do Trabalho (IST e de entrevistas. Os resultados consistem em duas estruturas fatoriais distintas para os atributos valorativos e descritivos. A primeira, com cinco fatores, "Exigências Sociais", "Justiça no Trabalho", "Esforço Corporal e Desumanização", "Realização Pessoal" e "Sobrevivência Pessoal e Familiar". A segunda, com quatro fatores, "Êxito e Realização Pessoal", "Justiça no Trabalho", "Sobrevivência Pessoal e Familiar" e "Carga Mental'. As análises fatoriais secundárias apontaram que a principal idéia aglutinadora, entre os atributos valorativos, é a função social do trabalho, enquanto entre os atributos descritivos é a dureza do trabalho.The study aims at improving the comprehension of the factor structure of value (what it must be and descriptive (what it is attributes of work, and the betterment of the measuring instrument of these facets of the meaning of work. It was de developed with 622 workers, in a dwelling building firm and two supermarket chains in the Federal District of Brazil. These workers took part in the study, submitted to the application of the Work Meaning Inventory and interviews. The results consist of two distinct factor structures of the attributes of values and description. The first with five factors: "Social Exigencies", "Work Justice", "Physical Effort and No-Humanization", "Personal Realization", and "Familiar and Personal Survival'. The second, with four factors: "Success and Personal Realization", "Work Justice", "Familiar and Personal Survival", and "Mental Load". Second order factor analysis has shown that the main idea, which agglutinates the values attributes, is the social function of work, while among the description attributes is the hardness of work.

Livia de Oliveira Borges

1999-06-01

268

A estutura fatorial dos atributos valorativos e descritivos do trabalho: um estudo empírico de aperfeiçoamento e validação de um questionário / The factor structure of descriptive and value attributes of work: an empirical study of validation and improvement of a questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O estudo objetivou aprofundar a compreensão da estrutura fatorial dos atributos valorativos (o que deve ser) e descritivos (o que é) do trabalho e aperfeiçoar o instrumento de medida destas facetas do significado do trabalho. Foi desenvolvido com 622 trabalhadores de uma construtora habitacional e d [...] uas redes de supermercado, no Distrito Federal, através da aplicação do Inventário do Significado do Trabalho (IST) e de entrevistas. Os resultados consistem em duas estruturas fatoriais distintas para os atributos valorativos e descritivos. A primeira, com cinco fatores, "Exigências Sociais", "Justiça no Trabalho", "Esforço Corporal e Desumanização", "Realização Pessoal" e "Sobrevivência Pessoal e Familiar". A segunda, com quatro fatores, "Êxito e Realização Pessoal", "Justiça no Trabalho", "Sobrevivência Pessoal e Familiar" e "Carga Mental'. As análises fatoriais secundárias apontaram que a principal idéia aglutinadora, entre os atributos valorativos, é a função social do trabalho, enquanto entre os atributos descritivos é a dureza do trabalho. Abstract in english The study aims at improving the comprehension of the factor structure of value (what it must be) and descriptive (what it is) attributes of work, and the betterment of the measuring instrument of these facets of the meaning of work. It was de developed with 622 workers, in a dwelling building firm a [...] nd two supermarket chains in the Federal District of Brazil. These workers took part in the study, submitted to the application of the Work Meaning Inventory and interviews. The results consist of two distinct factor structures of the attributes of values and description. The first with five factors: "Social Exigencies", "Work Justice", "Physical Effort and No-Humanization", "Personal Realization", and "Familiar and Personal Survival'. The second, with four factors: "Success and Personal Realization", "Work Justice", "Familiar and Personal Survival", and "Mental Load". Second order factor analysis has shown that the main idea, which agglutinates the values attributes, is the social function of work, while among the description attributes is the hardness of work.

Livia de Oliveira, Borges.

269

Further Evaluation of the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2  

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Data from clinical and nonclinical samples ("Ns" = 2,096, 618) were used to evaluate and replicate the measurement structure of the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2. Different measurement models and invariance tests were evaluated and the best psychometric support was found for a shortened measure of two factors: overall maladjustment and…

Rice, Kenneth G.; Suh, Hanna; Ege, Engin

2014-01-01

270

The Structure and Validity of the Multidimensional Social Support Questionnaire  

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The factor structure and concurrent validity of the Multidimensional Social Support Questionnaire, a brief measure of perceived social support for use with adolescents, was examined. Findings suggest that four dimensions of perceived social support may yield more information than assessments of the unitary construct of support. (Contains 8 tables…

Hardesty, Patrick H.; Richardson, George B.

2012-01-01

271

Validation of the Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire-Brief  

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate a brief version of the Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire (MEEQ; Schafer & Brown, 1991). The original MEEQ was reduced to 6 items (MEEQ-B). Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed and two factors were identified (positive effects and negative effects) accounting for 52.3% of the variance.…

Torrealday, O.; Stein, L. A. R.; Barnett, N.; Golembeske, C.; Lebeau, R.; Colby, S. M.; Monti, P. M.

2008-01-01

272

PREVALENCIA DE LOS ENFOQUES DE APRENDIZAJE EN ESTUDIANTES DE FISIOLOGÍA MÉDICA: CUESTIONARIO DE PROCESO DE ESTUDIO REVISADO DE DOS FACTORES (R-SPQ-2F) / PREVALENCE OF LEARNING APPROACHES IN MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY STUDENTS: REVISED STUDY PROCESS QUESTIONNAIRE IN TWO-FACTORS (R-SPQ-2F)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de la metodología de aprendizaje basada en proyectos de investigación dirigida, sobre la prevalencia de los enfoques de aprendizaje. Metodología: se administró el cuestionario R-SPQ-2F (Cuestionario de proceso de estudio revisado de dos factores), a una población de 98 es [...] tudiantes del curso de fisiología médica de la Universidad de Boyacá, a final de semestre, tras la implementación de proyectos de investigación dirigidos durante el periodo académico. Se determinaron los enfoques, motivos y estrategias de aprendizaje para cada estudiante y se correlacionó la información con las notas en escala numérica al finalizar el curso. Resultados: la mayoría de estudiantes mostraron un enfoque profundo (86.6 %), predominantemente, en intensidad baja (54 %). Se halló una correlación entre el enfoque y la calificación numérica al final del curso. Conclusiones: la implementación de proyectos de investigación dirigidos fue útil para generar un enfoque profundo de aprendizaje en los estudiantes y viéndose reflejado en su rendimiento en escala numérica al final del curso. Sin embargo, la intensidad del enfoque es aún baja y requiere más trabajo en todo el Departamento de Ciencias Básicas a nivel de desarrollo curricular. Abstract in english Objective: to evaluate the effect of learning methodology based on research projects, focused on the prevalence of learning approaches. Methods: the R-SPQ-2F (Revised Study Process Questionnaire in Two Factors) was administered at the end of the semester to 98 medical students enrolled in a physiolo [...] gy course at Universidad de Boyacá after hiving implemented supervised research projects during the academic period. Approaches, motives and learning strategies for each student were determined and the information was correlated with the information of grades given in a numerical scale at the end of the course. Results: most students exhibited a deep learning approach (86.6 %) predominantly in low intensity (54 %). A correlation was found between learning approach and academic performance. Conclusions: the implementation of supervised research projects was helpful in generating a deep approach to learning in this population, which was reflected on academic performance reported in numerical scale at the end of the course. However, the intensity of the approach is still low and it requires more work in the Basic Sciences Department at the curriculum development level.

Efraín, Riveros Pérez; Martha, Bernal; Nubia, González.

2011-12-01

273

PREVALENCIA DE LOS ENFOQUES DE APRENDIZAJE EN ESTUDIANTES DE FISIOLOGÍA MÉDICA: CUESTIONARIO DE PROCESO DE ESTUDIO REVISADO DE DOS FACTORES (R-SPQ-2F) / PREVALENCE OF LEARNING APPROACHES IN MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY STUDENTS: REVISED STUDY PROCESS QUESTIONNAIRE IN TWO-FACTORS (R-SPQ-2F)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de la metodología de aprendizaje basada en proyectos de investigación dirigida, sobre la prevalencia de los enfoques de aprendizaje. Metodología: se administró el cuestionario R-SPQ-2F (Cuestionario de proceso de estudio revisado de dos factores), a una población de 98 es [...] tudiantes del curso de fisiología médica de la Universidad de Boyacá, a final de semestre, tras la implementación de proyectos de investigación dirigidos durante el periodo académico. Se determinaron los enfoques, motivos y estrategias de aprendizaje para cada estudiante y se correlacionó la información con las notas en escala numérica al finalizar el curso. Resultados: la mayoría de estudiantes mostraron un enfoque profundo (86.6 %), predominantemente, en intensidad baja (54 %). Se halló una correlación entre el enfoque y la calificación numérica al final del curso. Conclusiones: la implementación de proyectos de investigación dirigidos fue útil para generar un enfoque profundo de aprendizaje en los estudiantes y viéndose reflejado en su rendimiento en escala numérica al final del curso. Sin embargo, la intensidad del enfoque es aún baja y requiere más trabajo en todo el Departamento de Ciencias Básicas a nivel de desarrollo curricular. Abstract in english Objective: to evaluate the effect of learning methodology based on research projects, focused on the prevalence of learning approaches. Methods: the R-SPQ-2F (Revised Study Process Questionnaire in Two Factors) was administered at the end of the semester to 98 medical students enrolled in a physiolo [...] gy course at Universidad de Boyacá after hiving implemented supervised research projects during the academic period. Approaches, motives and learning strategies for each student were determined and the information was correlated with the information of grades given in a numerical scale at the end of the course. Results: most students exhibited a deep learning approach (86.6 %) predominantly in low intensity (54 %). A correlation was found between learning approach and academic performance. Conclusions: the implementation of supervised research projects was helpful in generating a deep approach to learning in this population, which was reflected on academic performance reported in numerical scale at the end of the course. However, the intensity of the approach is still low and it requires more work in the Basic Sciences Department at the curriculum development level.

Efraín, Riveros Pérez; Martha, Bernal; Nubia, González.

274

Translation and Validation of the “Pharmacy Services Questionnaire” / Traducción y validación del “Pharmacy Services Questionnaire” al portugués (europeo / Tradução e Validação do “Pharmacy Services Questionnaire” para Português (europeu  

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Full Text Available Health outcomes are organized in 3 categories: clinical, economic and humanistic (ex.: satisfaction. Larson et al developed and validated a multidimensional questionnaire - Pharmacy Services Questionnaire – to measure patient satisfaction with pharmaceutical care provided within the community pharmacies. The aims were translate the questionnaire and validate the Portuguese version. After translation, the Portuguese version was given out in April 2004, in 3 pharmacies chosen by convenience, to a convenience sample of usual patients (n=230, who where not included in a pharmaceutical care program/service. The instrument has 20 items (Likert - 5 levels and it is self-administered, anonymous, confidential and voluntary. Portuguese version validation was done by evaluating the metric properties of the questionnaire. The translation result is the Portuguese version called Questionário sobre os Serviços da Farmácia, which has the following characteristics: 1. two factors extracted from the factor analysis: friendly explanation and managing therapy; 2. the reliabilities of the internal consistency of the scale, of the managing therapy dimension and friendly explanation dimension were very high, having alfa-Cronbach values respectively of 0,974, of 0,960 and of 0,939; 3. the construct validity was demonstrated by the convergent and discriminant validity evidence. The Portuguese version has a balanced structure, similar to the one presented in the original version and it revealed good metric properties, which justifies and facilitates its utilization in research and clinical environments.

Fernandez-Llimos F

2005-04-01

275

The Dutch Marital Satisfaction and Communication Questionnaire: A Validation study  

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The purpose of this study is to validate the Dutch Marital Satisfaction and Communication Questionnaire (DMSCQ), a 16-item measure that disentangles marital satisfaction, negative communication and open communication. In three subsequent studies empirical evidence for the construct and criterion validity is presented using (confirmatory) factor analyses, and correlational analyses with criterion variables. Results indicate that the 16 items represent a solid three-factor structure, which was ...

Den Troost, Ann; Vermulst, Ad A.; Gerris, Jan R. M.; Matthijs, Koen

2005-01-01

276

Satisfaction with gastrostomy feeding in caregivers of children with home enteral nutrition: application of the SAGA-8 questionnaire and analysis of involved factors / Satisfacción con la alimentación mediante gastrostomía en cuidadores de niños con nutrición enteral domiciliaria: aplicación del cuestionario SAGA-8 y análisis de los factores implicados  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Valorar el grado de satisfacción de los cuidadores de niños con alimentación mediante gastrostomía aplicando el cuestionario estructurado SAGA-8. Segundo, evaluar si la satisfacción parental guarda relación con diversas variables independientes. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observaciona [...] l, transversal en 92 cuidadores de niños con enfermedades crónicas que recibían alimentación mediante gastrostomía. Se analizaron los siguientes datos: satisfacción de los cuidadores con la alimentación por gastrostomía (SAGA-8), edad de implantación de la gastrostomía, parámetros antropométricos, tiempo de soporte nutricional, características demográficas familiares y estado psicológico del cuidador. Resultados: Todos los cuidadores eran madres. La mayoría (82,6%) manifestaron una elevada satisfacción con la alimentación mediante gastrostomía. El 85,9% resaltó la sencillez de la técnica sintiéndose el 85,9% muy satisfecha con el apoyo ofrecido por el centro. Un 73,9% de las madres percibió mejoría nutricional en su hijo, señalando el 89,1% un mayor bienestar familiar. Además, el 75% de las madres comunicaron una disminución en el tiempo de alimentación y el 68,5% una reducción en la morbilidad respiratoria. Finalmente, el 71,7% de las madres reconoció que hubieran aceptado antes el procedimiento. La satisfacción se correlacionó significativamente con la edad de implantación de la gastrostomía y con la duración del soporte nutricional, explicando ambos factores el 19,4% de la varianza de la satisfacción. No se encontró correlación con datos antropométricos, tipo de soporte nutricional, características demográficas familiares ni con el estado psicológico del cuidador. Conclusiones: El cuestionario SAGA-8 es sencillo, específico y fácil de aplicar para evaluar el grado de satisfacción de los padres/cuidadores con la alimentación mediante gastrostomía contribuyendo a su monitorización. La duración del soporte nutricional y la precocidad en la implantación de la gastrostomía son los responsables principales de la satisfacción de los cuidadores. Abstract in english Aims: To assess the degree of satisfaction of caregivers of children with gastrostomy tube (GT) feeding through the structured questionnaire SAGA-8. Secondly, to evaluate if the parental satisfaction degree was related to several independent variables. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study [...] was performed in 92 caregivers of children with GT feeding and chronic diseases. The following data was obtained: caregiver satisfaction with GT feeding (SAGA-8), age at GT placement, anthropometric data, length and mode of nutritional support, family demographic characteristics and caregiver psychological status. Results: All primary caregivers were mothers. High satisfaction with GT feeding was expressed by 82.6% of families. The simplicity of the system was emphasized by 87%, and 85.9% were very satisfied with the support received from the hospital staff. 73.9% of mothers acknowledged their child's nutritional status had improved and 89.1% rated the enhancement family's overall situation. Moreover, 75% of mothers reduced feeding-time, and 68.5% reported less respiratory infections. Finally, 71.7% of mothers recognized that they would have implemented this technique earlier. Caregiver satisfaction was positively correlated with age at GT placement and length of treatment, and both variables explained the 19.4% of the satisfaction variance. No correlation with anthropometric data, nutrition support mode, family demographic characteristics or caregiver psychological status was observed. Conclusions: The SAGA-8 questionnaire is a simple, specific, straight-forward tool to evaluate parental/caregiver degree of satisfaction with GT feeding and facilitates effective monitoring of the intervention. Lengths of HEN and precocious age at GT placement are responsible for most of parental satisfaction.

Cecilia, Martínez-Costa; Caterina, Calderón; Lilianne, Gómez-López; Soraya, Borraz; Consuelo, Pedrón-Giner.

277

Satisfaction with gastrostomy feeding in caregivers of children with home enteral nutrition: application of the SAGA-8 questionnaire and analysis of involved factors / Satisfacción con la alimentación mediante gastrostomía en cuidadores de niños con nutrición enteral domiciliaria: aplicación del cuestionario SAGA-8 y análisis de los factores implicados  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Valorar el grado de satisfacción de los cuidadores de niños con alimentación mediante gastrostomía aplicando el cuestionario estructurado SAGA-8. Segundo, evaluar si la satisfacción parental guarda relación con diversas variables independientes. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observaciona [...] l, transversal en 92 cuidadores de niños con enfermedades crónicas que recibían alimentación mediante gastrostomía. Se analizaron los siguientes datos: satisfacción de los cuidadores con la alimentación por gastrostomía (SAGA-8), edad de implantación de la gastrostomía, parámetros antropométricos, tiempo de soporte nutricional, características demográficas familiares y estado psicológico del cuidador. Resultados: Todos los cuidadores eran madres. La mayoría (82,6%) manifestaron una elevada satisfacción con la alimentación mediante gastrostomía. El 85,9% resaltó la sencillez de la técnica sintiéndose el 85,9% muy satisfecha con el apoyo ofrecido por el centro. Un 73,9% de las madres percibió mejoría nutricional en su hijo, señalando el 89,1% un mayor bienestar familiar. Además, el 75% de las madres comunicaron una disminución en el tiempo de alimentación y el 68,5% una reducción en la morbilidad respiratoria. Finalmente, el 71,7% de las madres reconoció que hubieran aceptado antes el procedimiento. La satisfacción se correlacionó significativamente con la edad de implantación de la gastrostomía y con la duración del soporte nutricional, explicando ambos factores el 19,4% de la varianza de la satisfacción. No se encontró correlación con datos antropométricos, tipo de soporte nutricional, características demográficas familiares ni con el estado psicológico del cuidador. Conclusiones: El cuestionario SAGA-8 es sencillo, específico y fácil de aplicar para evaluar el grado de satisfacción de los padres/cuidadores con la alimentación mediante gastrostomía contribuyendo a su monitorización. La duración del soporte nutricional y la precocidad en la implantación de la gastrostomía son los responsables principales de la satisfacción de los cuidadores. Abstract in english Aims: To assess the degree of satisfaction of caregivers of children with gastrostomy tube (GT) feeding through the structured questionnaire SAGA-8. Secondly, to evaluate if the parental satisfaction degree was related to several independent variables. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study [...] was performed in 92 caregivers of children with GT feeding and chronic diseases. The following data was obtained: caregiver satisfaction with GT feeding (SAGA-8), age at GT placement, anthropometric data, length and mode of nutritional support, family demographic characteristics and caregiver psychological status. Results: All primary caregivers were mothers. High satisfaction with GT feeding was expressed by 82.6% of families. The simplicity of the system was emphasized by 87%, and 85.9% were very satisfied with the support received from the hospital staff. 73.9% of mothers acknowledged their child's nutritional status had improved and 89.1% rated the enhancement family's overall situation. Moreover, 75% of mothers reduced feeding-time, and 68.5% reported less respiratory infections. Finally, 71.7% of mothers recognized that they would have implemented this technique earlier. Caregiver satisfaction was positively correlated with age at GT placement and length of treatment, and both variables explained the 19.4% of the satisfaction variance. No correlation with anthropometric data, nutrition support mode, family demographic characteristics or caregiver psychological status was observed. Conclusions: The SAGA-8 questionnaire is a simple, specific, straight-forward tool to evaluate parental/caregiver degree of satisfaction with GT feeding and facilitates effective monitoring of the intervention. Lengths of HEN and precocious age at GT placement are responsible for most of parental satisfaction.

Cecilia, Martínez-Costa; Caterina, Calderón; Lilianne, Gómez-López; Soraya, Borraz; Consuelo, Pedrón-Giner.

1121-11-01

278

Validation of a questionnaire of knowledge about asthma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An educative intervention destined to increase the knowledge in asthma allows the children and/or its parents to acquire abilities that allow to prevent and/or to handle the asthmatic attacks, decreasing the morbidity produced by the disease, nevertheless we do not account with a validated instrument that allows us to quantify the level of asthma knowledge. The objective is to develop and to validate a questionnaire of knowledge about asthma to be filled out by the parents and/or people in charge of the care of the asthmatic pediatric patients. The 17 items that conform the questionnaire were obtained alter literature review, realization of focal groups the professional experience of the investigators and the realization of pilot studies. The face content and concurrent validity of the instrument was evaluated; we also determined the factor structure, test-retest reproducibility, and sensitivity to change of the questionnaire. We included 120 patients with average age of 4.5 %3.7 years the factor analysis demonstrated a probable structure of three factors that altogether explain 85% of the total variance of the results the face and content validity was based on the concept of a multi-disciplinary group of experts in the field the concurrent validity was demonstrated by the ability of the questionnaire to distinguish low from high knowledge parents. Test-retest reproducibility and sensitivity to change were demonstrated comparing scores of the questionnaire filled out in two different occasions. The questionnaire of knowledge of asthma developed in the study is a useful and reliable tool to quantify the basal level of asthma knowledge in parents of asthmatic children and to determine the effectiveness of an educative intervention destined to increase the knowledge and understanding of the disease

279

Validation of the Reflux Disease Questionnaire into Greek  

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Full Text Available Primary care physicians face challenges in diagnosing and managing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD. The Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ meets the standards of validity, reliability, and practicability. This paper reports on the validation of the Greek translation of the RDQ. RDQ is a condition specific instrument. For the validation of the questionnaire, the internal consistency of its items was established using the alpha coefficient of Chronbach. The reproducibility (test-retest reliability was measured by kappa correlation coefficient and the criterion of validity was calculated against the diagnosis of another questionnaire already translated and validated into Greek (IDGP using kappa correlation coefficient. A factor analysis was also performed. Greek RDQ showed a high overall internal consistency (alpha value: 0.91 for individual comparison. All 8 items regarding heartburn and regurgitation, GERD, had good reproducibility (Cohen’s ? 0.60-0.79, while the remaining 4 items about dyspepsia had a moderate reproducibility (Cohen’s ?=’ 0.40-0.59 The kappa coefficient for criterion validity for GERD was rather poor (0.20, 95% CI: 0.04, 0.36 and the overall agreement between the results of the RDQ questionnaire and those based on the IDGP questionnaire was 70.5%. Factor analysis indicated 3 factors with Eigenvalue over 1.0, and responsible for 76.91% of variance. Regurgitation items correlated more strongly with the third component but pain behind sternum and upper stomach pain correlated with the second component. The Greek version of RDQ seems to be a reliable and valid instrument following the pattern of the original questionnaire, and could be used in primary care research in Greece.

Christos Lionis

2012-07-01

280

A Catalog of Biases in Questionnaires  

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Full Text Available Bias in questionnaires is an important issue in public health research. To collect the most accurate data from respondents, investigators must understand and be able to prevent or at least minimize bias in the design of their questionnaires. This paper identifies and categorizes 48 types of bias in questionnaires based on a review of the literature and offers an example of each type. The types are categorized according to three main sources of bias: the way a question is designed, the way the questionnaire as a whole is designed, and how the questionnaire is administered. This paper is intended to help investigators in public health understand the mechanism and dynamics of problems in questionnaire design and to provide a checklist for identifying potential bias in a questionnaire before it is administered.

Bernard C.K. Choi, PhD

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Assessing vividness of mental imagery: The Plymouth Sensory Imagery Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental imagery may occur in any sensory modality, although visual imagery has been most studied. A sensitive measure of the vividness of imagery across a range of modalities is needed: the shorter version of Bett's Questionnaire upon Mental Imagery (Sheehan, , J. Clin. Psychology, 23, 386) uses outdated items and has an unreliable factor structure. We report the development and initial validation of the Plymouth Sensory Imagery Questionnaire (Psi-Q) comprising items for each of the following modalities: Vision, Sound, Smell, Taste, Touch, Bodily Sensation, and Emotional Feeling. An exploratory factor analysis on a 35-item form indicated that these modalities formed separate factors, rather than a single imagery factor, and this was replicated by confirmatory factor analysis. The Psi-Q was validated against the Spontaneous Use of Imagery Scale (Reisberg et al., , Appl. Cogn. Psychology, 17, 147) and Marks' (, J. Mental Imagery, 19, 153) Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire-2 (VVIQ-2). A short 21-item form comprising the best three items from the seven factors correlated with the total score and subscales of the full form, and with the VVIQ-2. Inspection of the data shows that while visual and sound imagery is most often rated as vivid, individuals who rate one modality as strong and the other as weak are not uncommon. Findings are interpreted within a working memory framework and point to the need for further research to identify the specific cognitive processes underlying the vividness of imagery across sensory modalities. PMID:24117327

Andrade, Jackie; May, Jon; Deeprose, Catherine; Baugh, Sarah-Jane; Ganis, Giorgio

2014-11-01

282

Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version  

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Full Text Available Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the validity and reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire -Turkish Version (ACQ. Method: ACQ was administered to 92 patients with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Reliability of ACQ was analyzed by test-retest correlation, split-half technique, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Construct validity was evaluated by factor analysis after the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO and Bartlett test had been performed. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis. Results: 64% of patients evaluated in the study were female and 36% were male. Age interval was between 18 and 58, mean age was 31.5±10.4. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.91. Analysis of test-retest evaluations revealed that there were statistically significant correlations ranging between 24% and 84% concerning questionnaire components. In analysis performed by split-half method reliability coefficients of half questionnaires were found as 0.77 and 0.91. Again Spearmen-Brown coefficient was found as 0.87 by the same analysis. To assess construct validity of ACQ, factor analysis was performed and two basic factors found. These two factors explained 57.6% of the total variance. (Factor 1: 34.6%, Factor 2: 23% Conclusion: Our findings support that ACQ-Turkish version had a satisfactory level of reliability and validity

Ay?egül KART

2013-11-01

283

The Music Experience Questionnaire: development and correlates.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors introduce the Music Experience Questionnaire (MEQ), a self-report measure of individual differences in reactions to music. In analyses of responses in a derivation sample of 211 undergraduates and a replication sample of 105 undergraduates, scores on the 6 scales of this measure showed acceptable alpha coefficients and test-retest correlations. The authors found 2 principal factors: subjective/physical reactions to music and active involvement. MEQ scores were, at most, weakly correlated with 2 measures of favorability of self-presentation, the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (D. P. Crowne & D. Marlowe, 1960) and the Responding Desirability on Attitudes and Opinions Scale (K. Schuessler, D. H. Hittle, & J. Cardascia, 1978). Examination of correlations between MEQ scores and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (L. S. Radloff, 1977), as well as factor scores on the Adjective Check List (H. G. Gough & A. B. Heilbrun, 1983), suggested areas of similarity and difference in the correlates of music experience for women and men. The authors discuss directions for future research as well as potential uses of the MEQ. PMID:16967740

Werner, Paul D; Swope, Alan J; Heide, Frederick J

2006-07-01

284

A study of the psychometric properties of Novaco Anger Questionnaire (short form in Isfahan City  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research was to determine the psychometric properties of Novaco Anger Questionnaire (short form in Isfahan city. In this reaserch 100 university students were selected through simple random sampling. and answered the Novaco Anger Questionnaire. To obtain the questionnaire validity, the correlation between scores of Novaco Questionnaire and Buss and Perry Questionnaire, was obtained. For reliability, test-retest method and Chronbach Alpha were used. Findings indicated that, reliability of the questionnaire by Chronbach alpha was 0.86 and by test-retest was 0.73. The correlation between Buss and Berry and Novaco scores was 0.78. Test content validity was confirmed by 5 psychologist, counselors, and sociologists and verified by factor analysis. It was concluded that Novaco Anger Questionnaire can be used for assessing anger.

M. Malekpour

2012-01-01

285

A mathematics vocabulary questionnaire for use in the intermediate phase  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Teachers and psychologists need an instrument to assess learners' language proficiency in mathematics to enable them to plan and evaluate interventions and to facilitate best practice in mathematics classrooms. We describe the development of a mathematics vocabulary questionnaire to measure learners [...] ' language proficiency in mathematics in the intermediate phase. It covers all the steps from designing the preliminary questionnaire to standardising the final instrument. A sample of 1 103 Grades 4 to 7 Afrikaans-, English- and Tswana-speaking learners in North West Province completed the Mathematics Vocabulary questionnaire (Primary) (MV(P)), consisting of 12 items. We analysed the data by calculating discrimination values, performing a factor analysis, determining reliability coefficients, and investigating item bias by language, gender, and grade. We concluded that there was strong evidence of validity and reliability for the MV(P).

Marthie van der, Walt; Kobus, Maree; Suria, Ellis.

286

A mathematics vocabulary questionnaire for use in the intermediate phase  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teachers and psychologists need an instrument to assess learners' language proficiency in mathematics to enable them to plan and evaluate interventions and to facilitate best practice in mathematics classrooms. We describe the development of a mathematics vocabulary questionnaire to measure learners' language proficiency in mathematics in the intermediate phase. It covers all the steps from designing the preliminary questionnaire to standardising the final instrument. A sample of 1 103 Grades 4 to 7 Afrikaans-, English- and Tswana-speaking learners in North West Province completed the Mathematics Vocabulary questionnaire (Primary (MV(P, consisting of 12 items. We analysed the data by calculating discrimination values, performing a factor analysis, determining reliability coefficients, and investigating item bias by language, gender, and grade. We concluded that there was strong evidence of validity and reliability for the MV(P.

Marthie van der Walt

2008-11-01

287

Development and psychometric testing of the Adolescent Healthy Lifestyle Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Lifestyle choices and individuals’ behaviors have the potential to influence health and improve the quality of life. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop and psychometrically test an instrument for measuring healthy lifestyle in Iranian adolescents. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive literature review related to health-promoting lifestyles was used to identify potential scale items. Data were collected from 797 school students. Construct validity was analyzed using exploratory factor analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to cross-validate. Results: Nine factors emerged that explained 59.8% of the variance in the 43 items. Cronbach's ? coefficient Healthy Lifestyle Questionnaire was r=0.82. After the model was modified, the fit indices indicated that the data were an adequate-to-good fit to the proposed models. Conclusions: The current study provides some support to the internal and external validity of the healthy lifestyles questionnaire for Iranian adolescents. PMID:23555123

Taymoori, Parvaneh; Moeini, Babak; Lubans, David; Bharami, Mitra

2012-01-01

288

Development and pilot testing of the faculty advisor evaluation questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The importance of academic advising has been established in part by its designation as an element in the American Association of Colleges of Nursing's Standards for Accreditation. In addition, academic advising plays an essential role in students' development, academic success, satisfaction, recruitment, and retention; therefore, access to valid and reliable evaluation tools is of considerable importance. The purpose of this study was to develop and pilot test the Faculty Advisor Evaluation Questionnaire (FAEQ), which is an instrument developed from qualitative nursing research. The psychometric properties were explored using face and content validity, internal consistency reliability, and principle components factor analysis. The four-factor solution of the resulting 30-item questionnaire accounted for 81% of the variability. Cronbach's alpha values of the four factors ranged from 0.885 to 0.974. The FAEQ should elicit valid and reliable results, although further testing is needed to validate the findings in a larger and more diverse sample. PMID:22201275

Harrison, Elizabeth

2012-03-01

289

The development and validation of the communicating-for-change questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire that measures the effectiveness of communication during organisational change interventions. A draft questionnaire was completed by a sample of convenience comprising 521 participants. The questionnaire contained 109 items in question format with a Likert-type response scale anchored at the extreme ends. The data was factor analysed and an iterative item analysis was executed. The results yielded a single scale with a Cronbach ...

Roodt, G.; Fourie, L.; Coetzee, C. J. H.

2002-01-01

290

Using of ordinal coefficient alpha in the evaluation of spiritual coping questionnaires reliability  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Spirituality is known as a factor affecting adjustment to stress conditions in adolescence period. To assess the spiritual coping, a questionnaire in Likert scale is applied. In this study, the ordinal alpha coefficient was used to test the reliability of questionnaire. Materials and Methods: The data of spirituality coping scale in a semi-structured interview included 103 items developed in 5-point Likert scale. After validation and factor analysis to identify factors, a mult...

Soheila Khodakarim; Hamid Alavi Majd; Behzad Mahaki; Farideh Yaghmaie; Maryam Rassouli

2011-01-01

291

Smoking expectancies in smokers and never smokers: an examination of the smoking Consequences Questionnaire Spanish  

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The factor structure of smoking expectancies was examined in daily smokers and never smokers. Participants completed the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire—Spanish (SCQ—Spanish; [Cepeda-Benito, A., & Reig-Ferrer, A. (2000). Smoking consequences questionnaire—Spanish. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 14, 219-230.]). Using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), the eight-factor structure of the SCQ—Spanish was replicated in smokers only. Except for beliefs about negative-heal...

Reig Ferrer, Abilio; Cepeda Benito, Antonio

2007-01-01

292

Polish adaptation and validation of the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire and the Body Sensations Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Aim. The present study aimed at the adaptation and validation of two questionnaires assessing fear of bodily sensations (BSQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz Dozna? Cielesnych [KDC] and concerns specific to agoraphobics (ACQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz My?li Towarzysz?cych Agorafobii [KMTA].Method. The study included a total of 82 patients diagnosed with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia according to the diagnostic criteria of the DSM-IV as well as 100 control subjects who did not show the presence of mental disorders.Results. The results showed that both adapted questionnaires meet basic psychometric criteria. The Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ are characterized by a high content validity, internal consistency and showed to be stable over a period of 28 days. Moreover, the factor structure of the Polish version of the ACQ showed to be highly similar to the original version.Conclusions Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ have been found to be reliable and valid research and diagnostic instruments for the assessment of fear for bodily sensations and agoraphobic cognitions. Due to their high efficiency and adequate psychometric characteristics these measures might be very useful in research as well as in the diagnosis and evaluation of therapeutic effects.

Micha?owski, Jaros?aw M.

2013-07-01

293

The General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ – Development and psychometric characteristics  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Continual quality improvement in primary care is an international priority. In the United Kingdom, the major initiative for improving quality of care is the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QoF of the 2004 GP contract. Although the primary focus of the QoF is on clinical care, it is acknowledged that a comprehensive assessment of quality also requires valid and reliable measurement of the patient perspective, so financial incentives are included in the contract for general practices to survey patients' views. One questionnaire specified for use in the QoF is the General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ. This paper describes the development of the GPAQ (with post-consultation and postal versions and presents a preliminary examination of the psychometric properties of the questionnaire. Methods Description of scale development and preliminary analysis of psychometric characteristics (internal reliability, factor structure, based on a large dataset of routinely collected GPAQ surveys (n = 190,038 responses to the consultation version of GPAQ and 20,309 responses to the postal version from practices in the United Kingdom during the 2005–6 contract year. Results Respondents tend to report generally favourable ratings. Responses were particularly skewed on the GP communication scale, though no more so than for other questionnaires in current use in the UK for which data were available. Factor analysis identified 2 factors that clearly relate to core concepts in primary care quality ('access' and 'interpersonal care' that were common to both version of the GPAQ. The other factors related to 'enablement' in the post-consultation version and 'nursing care' in the postal version. Conclusion This preliminary evaluation indicates that the scales of the GPAQ are internally reliable and that the items demonstrate an interpretable factor structure. Issues concerning the distributions of GPAQ responses are discussed. Potential further developments of the item content for the GPAQ are also outlined.

Roland Martin

2008-02-01

294

Questionnaire-based risk assessment system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to reduce human errors efficiently, it is important to evaluate error-likely tasks and improve them. There are a lot of evaluation methods, for example, experimental evaluation methods, investigations by the expert of human factors, checking guidelines, estimating human error probabilities, and so on. There are roughly two problems in those methods. (1) Qualitative evaluation methods do not evaluate how likely human errors will occur and do not estimate how effective the countermeasure is in reducing human error. (2) Most of the quantitative evaluation methods and detailed analysis methods require expert's judgment. We developed a questionnaire-based risk assessment method and its system. In this paper, we introduce the concept of the method, realization, and applications to a maintenance procedure of a nuclear power plant and an elevator. The feature of the method is that it is so simple and the inexpert can easily evaluate the risk of human error. Furthermore, because it is provided as an application service provider system, a lot of evaluators can use it simultaneously through internet and it is easy to collect and sum up the responses. We confirmed that it is useful to evaluate the risk of human error, analyze the problem, and estimate the effectiveness of countermeasures in advance through the applications. (author)

295

Development of a Cuban Ethnic Identity Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Cuban Behavioral Identity Questionnaire is a short, eight-item questionnaire answerable in a seven-point Likert-scale format. It inquires as to the frequency with which respondents engage in several ethnic behaviors and the degree to which they are familiar with Cuban idiomatic expressions and Cuban artists/musicians. (Author/NQ)

Garcia, Margarita; Lega, Leonor I.

1979-01-01

296

Applying Learning Strategy Questionnaires: Problems and Possibilities  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses measuring learning strategies by means of questionnaires. In "multi-method" research, in which think-aloud measures are compared with questionnaires, low or moderate correlations are found. A conclusion often drawn is that learners are not able to verbally report on their learning activities. Alternative explanations concern…

Schellings, Gonny

2011-01-01

297

Phenotypic, genetic, and environmental properties of the portrait values questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to examine the 10 value types from the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ; Schwartz et al., 2001) both at the phenotypic (observed) level as well as the genetic and environmental level. Australian twins (N = 695) completed the PVQ as part of a larger questionnaire battery. Nine of the value types were found to have a genetic component with heritability estimates ranging from 10.8% for power to 38% for conformity. The achievement scale was best explained by environmental factors. The interscale correlations were found to range from -.02 to .70 at the phenotypic level. Of these 45 correlations, 16 were found to be explained by overlapping genetic factors and almost all (41) were found to have significant unique environment correlations. PMID:18828736

Schermer, Julie Aitken; Feather, N T; Zhu, Gu; Martin, Nicholas G

2008-10-01

298

A Survey on Open Source Software using Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available In today’s era computer is the basic need of everyone. From an individual to business organizations, Industries, colleges and universities, everyone use computer for their basic purpose. Software is a main part of a computer system. Today’s most of the person use proprietary and pirated software. These software are not the best options towards convenience of a user. Because proprietary software is costly, that is not afforded by every user and pirated software is illegal to use. The alternative to these software is open source software. Open source software is not widely used because of its less awareness among common man. This research paper analyzes the factors related to open source software that to aware and to check the awareness of open source software. The research paper includes a survey questionnaire that takes all the factors into count and before starting actual survey a pilot study for this questionnaire was done to confirm its acceptance.

Dr. Pardeep Mittal#1, Jatinderpal Singh

2013-04-01

299

Coping With Psoriasis : Need for Consultation - Liaison  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A comparative study between patients of psoriasis and matched control group was carried out at a municipal hospital. They were administered a semistructured proforma and psychiatric comorbidity was clinically assessed. The scales used were: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Hindi version of Factor C of the 16PF questionnaire, presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale and Mechanism of Coping Scale. It was found that psoriasis had a significant impact on the patient�s day li...

Patil Anand; Sharma Sumit; Dhavale H.S

2002-01-01

300

The Relationship between Personality, Gender and Hotel Department: The Case of Alanya  

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This study evaluates relationship between personality, gender and departments of a random sample of 91 employees working in 5-star hotels in the Alanya Region of Turkey. Evaluation was conducted using Cattell’s 16 PF (Sixteen Personality Factor) questionnaire. T-test assessed the relationship between personality and gender and one-way Anova analysed personality and department relationship. Results indicate that in the relationship between personality and gender there were significant varia...

Y?ld?z, Sevcan; U?ngu?ren, Engin; Polat, Cihan

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Staff characteristics associated with likeableness on an adolescent treatment unit.  

Science.gov (United States)

Personality characteristics including subtest scores from the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire (16 PF), California Personality Inventory, and Tennessee Self-concept Scale were related to the rated likeableness of staff members of an adolescent treatment unit. Likeableness was assessed by students participating in the treatment program. Correlated were likeableness of staff members and staff members' self-esteem, responsiblity, social awareness, and lack of acquiescent response tendencies. PMID:887360

Stewart, D W; Clark, R H; Boudreaux, R F

1977-06-01

302

Repeatability and relative validity of two physical activity questionnaires in elderly women.  

Science.gov (United States)

In a population of 33 women aged 51-71 yr, two physical activity questionnaires (a modified Baecke questionnaire and the pre-EPIC questionnaire) were tested for repeatability (5 and 11 months). For assessment of relative validity, the questionnaires were compared with a physical activity diary (12 d) as the main reference method, a single 24-h Caltrac accelerometer score, and energy intake estimated from a 24-h dietary recall repeated 12 times. Repeatability of the questionnaires at 5 months was 0.82 (Baecke) and 0.42 (pre-EPIC), at 11 months 0.73 and 0.60, respectively. Correlation with the activity diary was 0.51 for the Baecke and 0.64 for the pre-EPIC questionnaire. Correlation with the Caltrac was 0.22 for both questionnaires, and with energy intake -0.21 and 0.43, respectively. Factor analysis suggested that the questionnaires and the diary measured a common aspect of activity, which could be interpreted as "reported normal physical activity." Women who reported sweating or breathlessness during the past week scored significantly higher only on the Baecke questionnaire. It was concluded that the two questionnaires seemed to be able to rank older women according to physical activity in epidemiological studies. PMID:8871912

Pols, M A; Peeters, P H; Kemper, H C; Collette, H J

1996-08-01

303

Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Perceived Exploitation of College Athletes Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The exploitation of college athletes has been a topic of controversy within American higher education for over half of a century. Especially in the revenue-generating sports of men's basketball and football, critics have highlighted the surplus gains expropriated by colleges and universities on the backs of these young men, who are…

Van Rheenen, Derek; Atwood, Jason R.

2014-01-01

304

Using of ordinal coefficient alpha in the evaluation of spiritual coping questionnaires reliability  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Spirituality is known as a factor affecting adjustment to stress conditions in adolescence period. To assess the spiritual coping, a questionnaire in Likert scale is applied. In this study, the ordinal alpha coefficient was used to test the reliability of questionnaire. Materials and Methods: The data of spirituality coping scale in a semi-structured interview included 103 items developed in 5-point Likert scale. After validation and factor analysis to identify factors, a multiple-choice questionnaire with 39 items was designed. The reliability of this questionnaire was investigated on a sample consisting of 120 adolescents living in boarding centers, Tehran Province. FACTOR and SPSS softwares were used to measure the ordinal alpha and Cronbach's alpha, respectively. Results: The factor analysis revealed the spiritual coping in 3 factors: "purposefulness of life", "connection with God "and "looking for spiritual protection". The reliability coefficients of factors by ordinal alpha were 0.834, 0.913 and 0.984, respectively, which were higher in comparison with Cronbach's alpha. The reliability coefficient of 39-item-questionnaire by ordinal alpha was 0.992. Conclusion: If the data is normally distributed, Cronbach's alpha can be used to calculate the reliability of the data with ordinal scale. Otherwise, ordinal alpha is a more accurate coefficient for testing the reliability. Spiritual coping questionnaire measures the different dimensions of Spiritual coping in institutionalized adolescences and also has higher reliability.

Soheila Khodakarim

2011-04-01

305

Psychometric development of the Iceland-Expressive Family Functioning Questionnaire (ICE-EFFQ).  

Science.gov (United States)

Instruments that are able to capture changes related to an intervention are of great value to the scientific as well as to the clinical community. The Iceland-Expressive Family Functioning Questionnaire (ICE-EFFQ) measures expressive emotions, collaboration, problem solving, communication, and behavior in families experiencing a chronic or an acute illness. The conceptual framework of the Calgary Family Assessment Model (Wright & Leahey, 2009) was used to construct the original questionnaire of 45 items and 10 subcategories. A total of 557 family members with a recent illness experience of a close relative answered the ICE-EFFQ in three different studies. Principal component factor analysis reduced the original questionnaire to 22 items with five factors emerging and a total Cronbach's alpha coefficient of ? = 0.912 accounting for 60.3% of the total variability. Confirmatory factor analysis from two studies produced the final version of the questionnaire consisting of 17 items and four factors. PMID:22752795

Sveinbjarnardottir, Eydis K; Svavarsdottir, Erla Kolbrun; Hrafnkelsson, Birgir

2012-08-01

306

Developing and validating an Academic Listening Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available This article reports on the development and administration of the Academic Listening Self-rating Questionnaire (ALSA. The ALSA was developed on the basis of a proposed model of academic listening comprising six related components. The researchers operationalized the model, subjected items to iterative rounds of content analysis, and administered the finalized questionnaire to international ESL (English as a second language students in Malaysian and Australian universities. Structural equation modeling and rating scale modeling of data provided content-related, substantive, and structural validity evidence for the instrument. The researchers explain the utility of the questionnaire for educational and assessment purposes.

Vahid Aryadoust

2012-09-01

307

Aberrant behavior of preschool children: Evaluation of questionnaire  

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Full Text Available In the study metric characteristics of children aberrant behavior questionnaire were analyzed. The analysis was performed on the sample of 1.165 children, aged 4-7, in preschool institutions in several towns of Vojvodina. The questionnaire contained 36 items of the Likert-type scale and was filled in by one parent of each child. The authors examined main metric characteristics of the complete questionnaire, as well as individual items under the Rasche’s measurement model. Generally, parents seldom notice aberrant behavior in their children. Most frequently they notice stubbornness, while very rarely torturing of animals. The item discrimination, on the whole, was found satisfying. The reliability of the questionnaire is 0.84., and all indicators of misfit are within satisfactory ranges. According to differential functioning of the items, the authors found gender and age specificities of parents’ evaluation of aberrant behavior of their children. Parents often notice stubbornness and moldiness in girls, and aggression in boys. According to the parent’s observations, younger children are characterized by nail nibbling, ticklishness, and fearfulness, whereas older children show a tendency to force their way by crying, waywardness and bed-wetting. By means of factor analysis of the items, three principal facets of aberrant behavior were determined: overindulgence, shyness and quarrelsomeness. Cross validation (hold out showed that these three facets were robust in relation to the selection of the sample.

Fajgelj Stanislav

2007-01-01

308

Further validation of the Maudsley Marital Questionnaire (MMQ).  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the Factor structure and internal consistency of the Dutch version of the Maudsley Marital Questionnaire (MMQ) for a sample of 787 respondents in Belgium. Principal components analysis, followed by varimax orthogonal rotation, identified the expected three factors (M - Marital, S - Sexual, GL - General Life), which jointly explained 53% of the variance. The Cronbach alpha for MMQ - M (.90) and MMQ - S (.80) were of high value while for MMQ - GL (.66) was lower. The MMQ scales were found significantly correlated with each other: M - S, .60; M - GL, .46 and S - GL, .33. PMID:17510905

Joseph, Orathinkal; Alfons, Vansteenwegen; Rob, Stroobants

2007-05-01

309

Inteligência emocional e desempenho no trabalho: um estudo com MSCEIT, BPR-5 e 16PF Emotional intelligence and job performance: a study with MSCEIT, BPR-5 and 16PF  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

O presente trabalho teve como objetivo investigar a validade de uma medida de inteligência emocional correlacionando-a com medidas de inteligência, personalidade e desempenho profissional. Participaram do estudo 119 sujeitos, com idade entre 17 e 64 anos, de ambos os sexos e que trabalham em empresas situadas em municípios do interior do estado de São Paulo. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: Versão em Português do Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), o Questionári...

Cláudia Cobêro; Ricardo Primi; Monalisa Muniz

2006-01-01

310

Standardized Questionnaires of Walking & Bicycling Database  

Science.gov (United States)

This database contains questionnaire items and a list of validation studies for standardized items concerning walking and biking from multiple national and international physical activity questionnaires (PAQs). The purpose of this database is to provide easy access to a large number of items assessing duration and frequency of walking and bicycling in the non-disabled adult population. We also briefly review the results of validation studies identified for some of the PAQs.

311

Construct validity of writing motivation Questionnaire  

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The article reports results of two consecutive studies designed to understand construct validity of writing motivation and to examine its utility in the prediction of academic achievement. In first study, data were collected from 884 students of primary education through writing motivation questionnaire with seven domains (Dutta Roy, 2003). Correspondence analysis reveals two latent traits (intrinsic and extrinsic) of writing motivation. In the second study, writing motivation questionnaire w...

Devdulal Dutta Roy

2010-01-01

312

A questionnaire comparison of two alarm systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire was developed, based on guidelines for alarm system design given in NUREG/CR-6105. The intentions were both to develop a subjective instrument for rating the effectiveness of alarm systems and to learn lessons on alarm system design from a comparison of two systems. The questionnaire was administered to reactor operations staff at two locations with different alarm systems embedded in a simulation of the same underlying PWR power plant: Loviisa NPP and Halden Man-Machine Laboratory. The questionnaire, considered as a measuring instrument, had good to high reliability and moderate to good content validity. The questionnaire is considered suitable for further use in the shortened form resulting from this study. Further work is also recommended. The degree of reliability and validity also lend a degree of validation to the NUREG guidelines. The questionnaire was able to show differences between ratings of the two alarm systems. The Loviisa system showed more consistency with other control room features and was better at drawing the operators' attention to important alarms. Both systems were not rated particularly well on alarm prioritisation and spurious alarms. The Halden system was better at showing naturally occurring relationships between alarms. Some of these differences may have been due to the subjects' greater familiarity with the Loviisa alarm system. The results nevertheless show that the questionnaire can measure subjective responses to alarm san measure subjective responses to alarm systems. (author)

313

A validação brasileira do Questionnaire of Smoking Urges Brazilian validation of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges  

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Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivo validar a versão brasileira do Questionnaire of Smoking Urges(QSU. Teve delineamento experimental, sendo que seus participantes foram distribuídos, aleatoriamente, em grupos de zero, 30 e 60 minutos de abstinência do tabaco. A amostra teve 201 sujeitos dos sexos masculino (n = 67 e feminino (n = 134, que tinham entre 18 e 65 anos de idade (M = 38,15. Os instrumentos utilizados, além do QSU, foram ficha com dados sócio-demográficos, escala analógico-visual para avaliar o craving, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependencee os inventários Beck de ansiedade e de depressão. Observou-se que o total da variância da análise fatorial com dois fatores foi de 57,76 %, havendo alta correlação entre ambos (r = 0,726; p = 0,000. O Fator 1 representou antecipação do alívio do afeto negativo, dos sintomas da abstinência da nicotina e desejo urgente e arrebatador de fumar, e o Fator 2 refletiu o desejo de fumar e antecipação do prazer de fumar, resultados inversos aos da versão original. A versão brasileira do QSU demonstrou ser um instrumento adequado e confiável, podendo ser utilizado tanto na pesquisa quanto na clínica.This study was designed to validate the Brazilian version of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges(QSU. The design was experimental, and participants were randomly distributed in groups of zero, 30, and 60 minutes of tobacco abstinence. The total sample was 201, with 67 males and 134 females, age ranging from 18 to 65 (M = 38.15. The instruments applied, besides QSU, were the Social and Demographic Data Form, Visual Analogue Scale to evaluate craving, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence, and Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventories. Total variation in the two-factor factorial analysis was 57.76%, with a high inter-correlation (r = 0.726; p = 0.000. Factor 1 represented the anticipated relief of negative affect, nicotine abstinence symptoms, and urgent and overwhelming desire to smoke. Factor 2 represented the desire to smoke and the anticipation of smoking pleasure. Such results are contrary to those found in the original QSU. The Brazilian version proved to be an adequate and reliable instrument that can be used in both research and patient treatment.

Renata Brasil Araujo

2006-10-01

314

An Examination of the Convergent and Discriminant Validity of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the factor structure of the parent and teacher versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; R. Goodman, 1997) with a sample of first-grade children at risk for educational failure. The 5-factor model previously found in studies using exploratory factor analysis was fit to the data for both parent and teacher…

Hill, Crystal R.; Hughes, Jan N.

2007-01-01

315

Measuring Adjustment to College: Construct Validity of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

This study employed confirmatory factor analysis to examine the quality of fit of two measurement models of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (N = 305). Following the observation of poor fit, exploratory factor analysis was used. Results indicated six factors that account for the variance in Student Adaptation to College…

Feldt, Ronald C.; Graham, Melody; Dew, Dennis

2011-01-01

316

Examination of the factorial validity of the Group Environment Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesized factor structure of the Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ) with confirmatory factor analysis and to ascertain the degree of factorial invariance across gender and across type of sport (team, individual). Additionally, the underlying theoretical structure on which the GEQ was developed was examined by fitting the data to alternative hierarchical factor structures. These models were tested with GEQ data collected on 740 high school varsity athletes (426 males, 314 females). It was shown that the males and females had different factor structures and that neither group exhibited the hypothesized structure. Attempts to fit the data to a two-factor and a second-order hierarchical factor model were unsuccessful. Finally, exploratory factor analysis did not produce a satisfactory four-factor solution. It was concluded that the data from this sample do not support the hypothesized four-factor structure of the GEQ and that further examination of the factor structure of this instrument is required. PMID:7973071

Schutz, R W; Eom, H J; Smoll, F L; Smith, R E

1994-09-01

317

Evaluating a questionnaire to measure improvement initiatives in Swedish healthcare  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Quality improvement initiatives have expanded recently within the healthcare sector. Studies have shown that less than 40% of these initiatives are successful, indicating the need for an instrument that can measure the progress and results of quality improvement initiatives and answer questions about how quality initiatives are conducted. The aim of the present study was to develop and test an instrument to measure improvement process and outcome in Swedish healthcare. Methods A questionnaire, founded on the Minnesota Innovation Survey (MIS, was developed in several steps. Items were merged and answer alternatives were revised. Employees participating in a county council improvement program received the web-based questionnaire. Data was analysed by descriptive statistics and correlation analysis. The questionnaire psychometric properties were investigated and an exploratory factor analysis was conducted. Results The Swedish Improvement Measurement Questionnaire consists of 27 items. The Improvement Effectiveness Outcome dimension consists of three items and has a Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.67. The Internal Improvement Processes dimension consists of eight sub-dimensions with a total of 24 items. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the complete dimension was 0.72. Three significant item correlations were found. A large involvement in the improvement initiative was shown and the majority of the respondents were satisfied with their work. Conclusions The psychometric property tests suggest initial support for the questionnaire to study and evaluate quality improvement initiatives in Swedish healthcare settings. The overall satisfaction with the quality improvement initiative correlates positively to the awareness of individual responsibilities.

Andersson Ann-Christine

2013-02-01

318

A validity study of the SSP-School Inclusion Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available The paper is based on the results of a research that aimed to identify the factors influencing school inclusion among disadvantagedstudents. The main outcome of the research was the development of the SSP-School Inclusion Questionnaire, intended to: (1measure school inclusion levels among students; (2 identify students with significantly lower levels of school inclusion, whoneed to be included in intervention programs; and (3 measure the impact of intervention programs using subjective indicators(beneficiaries’ perception of school and teachers, feelings of safety in school, school performance. The questionnaire was completedby 480 vocational school students aged 15-19 from a large developed urban area (Cluj-Napoca in Romania. The purpose of theresearch was to test the validity and reliability of the instrument and to propose it to professionals working in education (schoolpsychologists, school counsellors etc. for efficient data collection and for measuring the impact of educational intervention.

DIANA D?MEAN

2012-12-01

319

Development and Validation of Caregivers Perspectives Questionnaire in Comatose Patients  

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Full Text Available The caregivers perspective about care in comatose patients is different among different caregivers, and thus the question is how it is perceived by caregivers. Among the health staff and family members, perspective of caring is obviously different. Thus, the current study was carried out to develop a valid and reliable instrument to assess of caregivers perspective in comatose patient care. For gathering the data used from the questionnaire consisted of items of Van Manens hermeneutic phenomenology, then these items combined and validated by content, face and construct validity and by split half and Cronbach a coefficient for reliability. The results showed that the four factors were labeled living with client, efforts for survival, professional conscience and responsibility and respect of human dignity. The perspective of caring of comatose patient questionnaire had 32 items and 4 dimension and showed validity and reliability, but it need to test more and more to multiplication of its' validity and reliability.

Ebrahim Hajizadeh

2013-01-01

320

Multicultural personality questionnaire: development of a short form.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study reports on the development of the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire-Short Form among 511 participants. Using a split-sample scale validation design, Study 1 (N = 260) employed a principal component analysis and rigorous item selection criteria to extract a 40-item short form (MPQ-SF) from the original 91-item Multicultural Personality Questionnaire (MPQ; van der Zee & van Oudenhoven, 2000, 2001). In Study 2 (N = 251), the MPQ-SF was subjected to confirmatory factor analysis and resulted in a reasonably good fit to the data (comparative fit index = .94; root mean squared error of approximation = .066). Satisfactory coefficient alphas and high correlations with the original scales were found. Moreover, relationships with related scales were largely in the predicted direction. Specific directions for follow-up research are posited. PMID:22966866

van der Zee, Karen; van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter; Ponterotto, Joseph G; Fietzer, Alexander W

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Validation of the Humor Style Questionnaire with university students  

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Full Text Available This study validates the Humor Style Questionnaire in a group of 315 university students of both genders from Lima, Peru, with an average age of 19,7. The Humor Style Questionnaire (HSQ by Martin, Puhlik-Doris, Larsen, Gray & Weir (2003, the Psychological Well-Being Scale (BIEPS-A by Casullo (2002 and the Hope Scale by Herth (1991 were used. After the neutralization of four items, results show reliability coefficients between 0,64 to 0,78 and a factorial structure confirming the existence of four factors (42,94% of the total variance.Results show positive associations between psychological well-being and hope with affiliation and self-enhancing styles, and negative associations between aggression and self-defeating humor. Results support the convergence validity and the construct of the scale.

Mónica Cassaretto B.

2009-12-01

322

Interpreting Personality Tests: A Clinical Manual for the MMPI-2, MCMI-III, CPI-R, and 16PF.  

Science.gov (United States)

This book provides step-by-step procedures for clinical personality interpretation to help mental health professionals determine the psychological health of their clients, determine maladjustment and problem behaviors, and reach a diagnosis. Each of the four chapters is devoted to one of the four key personality tests. These are: (1) "Minnesota…

Craig, Robert J.

323

Autopredicción de los rasgos de personalidad mediante al 16PF y su relación con el liberalismo y el conservadurismo social  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Este trabajo se plantea dos objetivos referentes a aspectos prácticos de la utilizacion del 16FP para el estudio de la personalidad. El primero es el grado de predicción que una persona (individuo), informada previamente, puede hacer sobre los resultados finales del test normalizados mediante una población de referencia (grupo); y el segundo la relación entre las actitudes sociales (liberalismo-conservadurismo), y la personalidad. Los resultados informan que tanto los hombres como las muj...

Aluja Fabregat, Anto?n

1995-01-01

324

Measurement properties of the Danish version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised for patients with colorectal cancer symptoms.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to validate the measurement properties of the Danish version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised adapted to measure symptom representations among patients with colorectal cancer symptoms. A total of 488 colorectal cancer patients completed a questionnaire derived from the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised to retrospectively assess cognitive and emotional representations of experienced symptoms. A confirmatory factor analysis indicated no good comparative fit with the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised. Using exploratory factor analysis, a 7-factor structure was conducted, which fairly supported the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised. The modified Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised is a promising tool for measuring symptom representations among Danish colorectal cancer patients. PMID:23818508

Hvidberg, Line; Jensen, Line F; Pedersen, Anette F; Aro, Arja R; Vedsted, Peter

2014-10-01

325

Psychological attributes of South African Navy Underwater Sabotage Device Disposal operators.  

Science.gov (United States)

The first of two studies described here aimed to determine the extent to which psychological instruments could be used to describe the psychological profile of Underwater Sabotage Device Disposal (USDD) operators in the South African Navy. The Advanced Progressive Matrices, 16-Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF), Self-Directed Search Questionnaire, and Rey Complex Figure Test were used. In this study, five 16PF factors appeared to be most descriptive of the sample. They were adventurous, assertive, self-assured, emotionally stable, and tough minded. These factors appeared appropriate when discussed from an environmental demand perspective. Occupational interests were realistic and social, and operators scored high on the Complex Figure Test. The second study aimed to determine the extent to which the 16PF could differentiate between USDD operators and other clearance divers. Two factors showed a significant difference between the two groups. The USDD operators were more adventurous and more assertive, which also appeared appropriate when discussed from an environmental demand perspective. PMID:11778407

van Wijk, C; Waters, A H

2001-12-01

326

Reliability and Validity of Persian Version of Job Content Questionnaire in Health Care Workers In Iran  

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Full Text Available Background: The effect of poor psychosocial work conditions on health status has widely been discussed in occupational literature. Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ is a widely accepted instrument for evaluation of psychosocial work conditions.Objective: To determine the reliability and validity of Persian version of JCQ.Methods: The questionnaire was translated into Persian and back translated. 490 Iranian health care workers completed the questionnaire. After 4 weeks, 196 participants completed the questionnaire once again.Results: Factor analyses revealed an acceptable level of structure validity for the questionnaire. Cronbach's ? was more than 0.75 for all scales except for psychological demand (?=0.60 and job insecurity (?=0.27. reassessment of participants after 4 weeks revealed an acceptable level of reliability for all scales except depression.Conclusion: The Persian version of JCQ is reliable and valid for assessing work conditions among Iranian health care workers, although revision is needed for job insecurity and depression scales.

SA Motevalian

2013-04-01

327

Development of the Grief Experience Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The development of the Grief Experience Questionnaire (GEQ) is reported. This questionnaire is an instrument for measuring various components of grief, including somatic reactions, general grief reactions, search for explanation, loss of social support, stigmatization, guilt, responsibility, shame, rejection, self-destructive behavior, and reactions to a unique form of death. Initial results with the GEQ suggest its potential to differentiate grief reactions experienced by suicide survivors from those experienced by survivors of accidental death, unexpected natural death, and expected natural death. Conclusions support its use in redressing common methodological criticisms of suicide survivor research. Six additional benefits derived from use of this instrument are discussed. PMID:2749862

Barrett, T W; Scott, T B

1989-01-01

328

2006-2007 Academic Training Programme Questionnaire  

CERN Multimedia

Please help the Academic Training Committee to plan the 2006-07 programme of lectures by filling in the 2006-07 Academic Training Programme Questionnaire, which can be found at: http://academia.web.cern.ch/academia/questionnaire/ If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please tell to your supervisor and apply electronically from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an 'application for training'form available from your Departmental Secretariat or from your DTO (Departmental Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order in which they are received.

Françoise Benz

2006-01-01

329

Construct validity of writing motivation Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available The article reports results of two consecutive studies designed to understand construct validity of writing motivation and to examine its utility in the prediction of academic achievement. In first study, data were collected from 884 students of primary education through writing motivation questionnaire with seven domains (Dutta Roy, 2003. Correspondence analysis reveals two latent traits (intrinsic and extrinsic of writing motivation. In the second study, writing motivation questionnaire was administered to 200 students and their academic performances in schools were collected. Results reveal inverse relation between latent traits. Composite scores of intrinsic writing motivation were positively and those of extrinsic writing motivation were negatively correlated with academic performance.

Devdulal Dutta Roy

2010-07-01

330

An intergrative factor analysis of leadership measures and theories.  

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Since the instruments for measuring most of the current leadership models have never been reconciled, it is important that the relationships between them be clearly understood before assumptions of similarity are made. A sample of 103 male working students were given a battery of tests measuring leadership orientations. The tests included role preference and role pressure measures from Sweney's Response to Power Model, the California F Scale, Fiedler's Least Preferred Co-Worker Scale and Assumed Similarity Between Opposites Scale, Costley and Downey's six scales to measure McGregor's "Theory X" and "Theory Y" constructs, modified scales for the Blake and Mouton Managerial Grid, and relevant scales from the 16 PF. The results were intercorrelated and yielded 11 varimax factors based upon a Guttman criterion, as follows: Authoritarian Role Preferance, Authoritarian Role Pressure, Equalitarian Role Preferance, Equalitarian Role Pressure, Balanced Manager, People Oriented Manager, Assumed Similarity Between Opposites, Contemptuous Indulgence, Supportive Values, People Tolerance, and Organizational Tolerance. The instruments measuring authoritarianism loaded the first factor in the right direction, but most of them had their primary loadings elsewhere, suggesting greater conceptual complexity to this area than previously recognized. PMID:1151904

Sweney, A B; Fiechtner, L A; Samores, R J

1975-05-01

331

A Questionnaire for Motivation towards Science Learning: A Validity and Reliability Study  

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Full Text Available Motivation is one of the main factors in education. It is a dimension that should not be neglected in classes, hard to be comprehended by students, like Science and Mathematics. Thus, the purpose of this study was to develop a Likert-type questionnaire to measure students’ motivation towards Science learning. In order to develop this questionnaire, a pretest form was developed through a literature survey, and presented to experts for their evaluation. After the alterations based on their suggestions, a pilot study with 183 middle school students was held to revise the questionnaire. After the revision, a total of 39 items in the questionnaire was administered to the sample group of 421 elementary school students. By this way, a questionnaire consisting of 23 items were developed. In order to obtain validity, exploratory factor analysis was performed. The results of factor analysis indicated that there are five factors explaining 47% of the total variance in the questionnaire. Moreover, the reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha was found to be .80.

Süleyman Yaman

2008-06-01

332

The Adaptation of Students’ Perceptions of College Teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge Questionnaire into Turkish  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt the questionnaire entitled “Assessing Students’ Perceptions of College Teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge”, which was developed by Jang, Guan and Hsieh (2009, into Turkish. After obtaining the permission from the developers of the questionnaire, the items of the questionnaire were translated into Turkish by the authors of the present study. After this, the translation validity was asked English and Turkish language experts. The final form of the questionnaire was administered to a group of 587 preservice teachers. After the item-total correlations were calculated, varimax rotation technique was used to determine the factor values of the items. Later, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted in order to verify the structure of the questionnaire translated into Turkish. Based on these analyses, it was found that the adapted questionnaire into Turkish consisted of 28 items and gathered under two factors. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole survey was calculated as 0.923, and 0.905 and 0.804 for the sub-factors, respectively.

Murat ÖZEL

2013-04-01

333

Measuring Metacognition in Cancer: Validation of the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 (MCQ-30)  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective The Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 assesses metacognitive beliefs and processes which are central to the metacognitive model of emotional disorder. As recent studies have begun to explore the utility of this model for understanding emotional distress after cancer diagnosis, it is important also to assess the validity of the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 for use in cancer populations. Methods 229 patients with primary breast or prostate cancer completed the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale pre-treatment and again 12 months later. The structure and validity of the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 were assessed using factor analyses and structural equation modelling. Results Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses provided evidence supporting the validity of the previously published 5-factor structure of the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30. Specifically, both pre-treatment and 12 months later, this solution provided the best fit to the data and all items loaded on their expected factors. Structural equation modelling indicated that two dimensions of metacognition (positive and negative beliefs about worry) were significantly associated with anxiety and depression as predicted, providing further evidence of validity. Conclusions These findings provide initial evidence that the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 is a valid measure for use in cancer populations. PMID:25215527

Cook, Sharon A.; Salmon, Peter; Dunn, Graham; Fisher, Peter

2014-01-01

334

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

Science.gov (United States)

The Baseline Questionnaire data set provides information about the household using the primary resident (IRN 01) and other residents who chose to participate. The information is from 1106 Baseline Questionnaires for 534 households. The Baseline Questionnaire was administered to...

335

77 FR 39986 - Information Collection; Health Screening Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

...Information Collection; Health Screening Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Health Screening Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Health Screening Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0164....

2012-07-06

336

75 FR 30364 - Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

...Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0207....

2010-06-01

337

78 FR 65608 - Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

...Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0207....

2013-11-01

338

Doubly labelled water validation of three physical activity questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the validity of the Baecke Questionnaire, the Five City Project Questionnaire, and the Tecumseh Community Health Study Questionnaire in 19 Flemish males, using correlation and multiple stepwise regression analyses. The three questionnaires are commonly used physical activity questionnaires in epidemiological studies. The physical activity level (PAL) as measured with the doubly labelled water method was used as the criterion. The Baecke total activity index showed the highest correlation coefficient with PAL (r = 0.69, p Questionnaire, and total daily energy expenditure from the Tecumseh Community Health Study Questionnaire showed significant associations with PAL, respectively 0.57 (p activity index (45%) for the Baecke Questionnaire, the sweat index (29%) for the Five City Project Questionnaire, and total daily energy expenditure (38%) for the Tecumseh Community Health Study Questionnaire. In conclusion, the questionnaires, and certainly the Baecke Questionnaire, can provide valid data about physical activity. Therefore they are useful in epidemiological studies. PMID:10452224

Philippaerts, R M; Westerterp, K R; Lefevre, J

1999-07-01

339

19 CFR 207.63 - Circulation of draft questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 false Circulation of draft questionnaires. 207.63 Section 207.63...207.63 Circulation of draft questionnaires. (a) The Director shall circulate draft questionnaires to the parties for comment in...

2010-04-01

340

Validation Studies of the Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire/College Alumnus Questionnaire (CAQ)  

Science.gov (United States)

This article states the PA questionnaire used is the same as that used in the Singh 1996 validation study (which does appear to be the Paffenbarger). But in fact, the two questionnaires (which are provided in both articles) don’t appear to be the same; and the Singh 2001 version does not ask specific walking questions.

 
 
 
 
341

CEBQ: Composite Eating Behavior Questionnaire--development and performance.  

Science.gov (United States)

Poor eating behavior is an important nutritional risk factor among community dwelling elders, and precedes overt malnutrition in the majority of cases. Several tools were developed to assess nutritional risk through evaluating eating behavior. All containing elements shown to be related to nutritional decline. Given the diversity of the geriatric population each tool may apply to specific subsets of the population but not to all. The ideal tool may be a questionnaire tailored for the study population based on a pool of methods and questions. We describe the development and use of such a composite tool, and compares its performance to other questionnaires. Our results show that in community dwelling elders nutrition risk assessments such as the NRI or eating behavior score were not predictive of nutritional status measured by dietary intake, weight change or BMI. Subjective appetite assessment was the most predictive question for nutritional decline. We describe the questionnaire and its development and offer general advice to its future implementations. PMID:10888478

Shahar, D R; Shahar, A

1999-01-01

342

The Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire: Mokken Scaling Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Hierarchical scales are useful in understanding the structure of underlying latent traits in many questionnaires. The Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire (AAQ) explored the attitudes to ageing of older people themselves, and originally described three distinct subscales: (1) Psychosocial Loss (2) Physical Change and (3) Psychological Growth. This study aimed to use Mokken analysis, a method of Item Response Theory, to test for hierarchies within the AAQ and to explore how these relate to underlying latent traits. Methods Participants in a longitudinal cohort study, the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936, completed a cross-sectional postal survey. Data from 802 participants were analysed using Mokken Scaling analysis. These results were compared with factor analysis using exploratory structural equation modelling. Results Participants were 51.6% male, mean age 74.0 years (SD 0.28). Three scales were identified from 18 of the 24 items: two weak Mokken scales and one moderate Mokken scale. (1) ‘Vitality’ contained a combination of items from all three previously determined factors of the AAQ, with a hierarchy from physical to psychosocial; (2) ‘Legacy’ contained items exclusively from the Psychological Growth scale, with a hierarchy from individual contributions to passing things on; (3) ‘Exclusion’ contained items from the Psychosocial Loss scale, with a hierarchy from general to specific instances. All of the scales were reliable and statistically significant with ‘Legacy’ showing invariant item ordering. The scales correlate as expected with personality, anxiety and depression. Exploratory SEM mostly confirmed the original factor structure. Conclusions The concurrent use of factor analysis and Mokken scaling provides additional information about the AAQ. The previously-described factor structure is mostly confirmed. Mokken scaling identifies a new factor relating to vitality, and a hierarchy of responses within three separate scales, referring to vitality, legacy and exclusion. This shows what older people themselves consider important regarding their own ageing. PMID:24892302

Shenkin, Susan D.; Watson, Roger; Laidlaw, Ken; Starr, John M.; Deary, Ian J.

2014-01-01

343

Using the occupational personality questionnaire (OPQ for measuring broad traits  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The widespread acceptance of the Big Five model implies that personality consists of relatively independent dimensions that form a taxonomy whereby individual differences may be explained. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the subscales of an established personality inventory that measures narrow traits of personality, the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ, could be reduced meaningfully to fit a broad factor model within a South African context. The OPQ 5.2 concept model was administered to 453 job applicants in the telecommunications sector. An exploratory factor analysis yielded a six-factor structure that included five factors corresponding to the Big Five model of personality. The sixth factor, labeled Interpersonal Relationship Harmony, resembled the description of the Chinese tradition factor, extracted in a non-Western society.

Opsomming
Die wye aanvaarding van die Groot-Vyfmodel impliseer dat persoonlikheid uit relatief onafhanklike dimensies bestaan wat ’n taksonomie vorm waarmee individuele verskille verklaar kan word. Die doel van die ondersoek was om vas te stel of die subskale van ’n gevestigde persoonlikheidsvraelys wat gedetailleerde persoonlikheidstrekke meet, die Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ, op sinvolle wyse gereduseer kon word tot ’n breë faktormodel in ’n Suid-Afrikaanse konteks. Die OPQ 5.2 konsepmodel is toegepas op 453 werkapplikante in die telekommunikasiesektor. ’n Ondersoekende faktorontleding het ’n sesfaktorstruktuur gelewer, insluitende vyf faktore wat met die Groot Vyf persoonlikheidsmodel ooreenstem. Die sesde faktor wat as Interpersoonlike Verhoudingsharmonie benoem is, toon ooreenstemming met die Chinese tradisiefaktor wat in ’n nie-Westerse samelewing onttrek is.

J. M. Du Toit

2004-10-01

344

Determining Reliability and Validity of the Persian Version of Software Usability Measurements Inventory (SUMI Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available The term usability refers to a special index for success of an operating system. This study aimed to determine the reliability and validity of the Software Usability Measurements Inventory (SUMI questionnaire as one of the valid and common questionnaires about usability evaluation. The back translation method was used to translate the questionnaire from English to Persian back to English. Moreover, repeatability or test-retest reliability was practically used to determine the reliability of the SUMI questionnaire. The target population of the study consisted of all personnel of the governmental organizations in the city of Tehran, Iran, from whom 29 persons participated in the study to fill out the SUMI questionnaire. The Persian version of this questionnaire is available at designer’s data bases under the title of IRSUMI_31. The obtained coefficients of reliability were 0.838 in testing step and 0.722 in re-testing step, respectively. The coefficients represented a satisfactory proof for the content validity and reliability of the questionnaire. The Persian version of SUMI questionnaire is applicable for all domestic made software as a valid and applicable factor.

seyed abolfazl zakerian

2013-01-01

345

Cardiff's TELEform: Scanning the Diet History Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Software, such as Cardiff's TELEform Information Capture System, is available to create and print a scannable version of the Diet History Questionnaire form. To create booklets, you may still need to hire a professional printer. Using TELEform, you will be able to scan the instrument with an imaging scanner (contact Cardiff for specifications).

346

Construction of a religious motivation questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper describes the construction of a new religious motivation questionnaire. The construction was proceeded by an analysis which revealed that the existing instruments for assessing religious motivation have deficiencies and, most importantly, may not be suitable for use with persons in adolescence or younger. In the first phase of the questionnaire construction, a semi-structured interview was used on a sample of 111 respondents aged 10-25 from Belgrade. The interview findings suggested the presence of religious motivation dimensions which are not contained in the existing instruments. In the second phase, an initial pool of items, formulated based on interview answers, was administered to a sample of 354 secondary school and university students from Belgrade. Principal component analysis revealed five dimensions of religious motivation measured by the constructed questionnaire: religion as ultimate value; religion as a means of wish-fulfillment; religion as a source of emotional well-being; ideals and morality; religion as a part of tradition; and tendency to meet social expectations regarding religion. The questionnaire scales show excellent reliability.

Stojkovi? Irena

2012-01-01

347

The pornography craving questionnaire: psychometric properties.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the prevalence of pornography use, and recent conceptualization of problematic use as an addiction, we could find no published scale to measure craving for pornography. Therefore, we conducted three studies employing young male pornography users to develop and evaluate such a questionnaire. In Study 1, we had participants rate their agreement with 20 potential craving items after reading a control script or a script designed to induce craving to watch pornography. We dropped eight items because of low endorsement. In Study 2, we revised both the questionnaire and cue exposure stimuli and then evaluated several psychometric properties of the modified questionnaire. Item loadings from a principal components analysis, a high internal consistency reliability coefficient, and a moderate mean inter-item correlation supported interpreting the 12 revised items as a single scale. Correlations of craving scores with preoccupation with pornography, sexual history, compulsive internet use, and sensation seeking provided support for convergent validity, criterion validity, and discriminant validity, respectively. The enhanced imagery script did not impact reported craving; however, more frequent users of pornography reported higher craving than less frequent users regardless of script condition. In Study 3, craving scores demonstrated good one-week test-retest reliability and predicted the number of times participants used pornography during the following week. This questionnaire could be applied in clinical settings to plan and evaluate therapy for problematic users of pornography and as a research tool to assess the prevalence and contextual triggers of craving among different types of pornography users. PMID:24469338

Kraus, Shane; Rosenberg, Harold

2014-04-01

348

Nuclear energy and environment, a questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Questionnaire giving basic information for the public on general problems of environment protection and civil nuclear energy development. Effects of nuclear facilities on ecosystems and man, ionizing radiations, radionuclides, thermal pollution, noise, effects on landscape, siting, accidents and public opinion are more particularly developed. In conclusion impact on environment of nuclear energy and other energies are compared

349

Validation of the chronic liver disease questionnaire in Serbian patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AIM: To translate into Serbian and to investigate the validity of the cross-culturally adapted the chronic liver disease questionnaire (CLDQ. METHODS: The questionnaire was validated in 103 consecutive CLD patients treated between October 2009 and October 2010 at the Clinic for Gastroenterology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade (Serbia. Exclusion criteria were: age 2 ??and liver transplantation. Evaluation of the CLDQ was done based on the following parameters: (1 acceptance is shown by the proportion of missing items; (2 internal reliabilities were assessed for multiple item scales by using Cronbach alpha coefficient; and (3 in order to assess whether the allocation of items in the domain corresponds to their distribution in the original questionnaire (construction validity, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted. Discriminatory validity was determined by comparing the corresponding CLDQ score/sub-score in patients with different severity of the diseases. RESULTS: The Serbian version of CLDQ questionnaire completed 98% patients. Proportion of missing items was 0.06%. The total time needed to fill the questionnaire was ranged from 8 to 15 min. Assistance in completing the questionnaire required 4.8% patients, while 2.9% needed help in reading, and 1.9% involved writing assistance. The mean age of the selected patients was 53.8 ± 12.9 years and 54.4% were men. Average CLDQ score was 4.62 ± 1.11. Cronbach’s alpha for the whole scale was 0.93. Reliability for all domains was above 0.70, except for the domain “Activity” (0.49. The exploratory factor analysis model revealed 6 factors with eigenvalue of greater than 1, explaining 69.7% of cumulative variance. The majority of the items (66% in the Serbian version of the CLDQ presented the highest loading weight in the domain assigned by the CLDQ developers: “Fatigue” (5/5, “Emotional function” (6/8, “Worry” (5/5, “Abdominal symptoms” (0/3, “Activity” (0/3, “Systemic symptoms” (3/5. The scales “Fatigue” and “Worry” fully corresponded to the original. The factor analysis also revealed that the factors “Activity” and “Abdominal symptoms” could not be replicated, and two new domains “Sleep” and “Nutrition” were established. Analysis of the CLDQ score/sub-score distribution according to disease severity demonstrated that patients without cirrhosis had lower total CLDQ score (4.86 ± 1.05 than those with cirrhosis Child’s C (4.31 ± 0.97. Statistically significant difference was detected for the domains “Abdominal symptoms” [F (3 = 5.818, P = 0.001] and “Fatigue” [F (3 = 3.39, P = 0.021]. Post hoc analysis revealed that patients with liver cirrhosis Child’s C had significantly lower sub-score “Abdominal symptoms” than patients without cirrhosis or liver cirrhosis Child’s A or B. For domain “Fatigue”, patients with cirrhosis Child’s C had significantly lower score, than non-cirrhotic patients. CONCLUSION: The Serbian version of CLDQ is well accepted and represents a valid and reliable instrument in Serbian sample of CLD patients.

Dusan Dj Popovic

2013-01-01

350

The development and validation of a patient-reported questionnaire to assess outcomes of elbow surgery.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We developed a questionnaire to assess patient-reported outcome after surgery of the elbow from interviews with patients. Initially, 17 possible items with five response options were included. A prospective study of 104 patients (107 elbow operations) was carried out to analyse the underlying factor structure, dimensionality, internal and test-retest reliability, construct validity and responsiveness of the questionnaire items. This was compared with the Mayo Elbow performance score clinical ...

Dawson, J.; Doll, H.; Boller, I.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Little, C.; Rees, J.; Jenkinson, C.; Carr, Aj

2008-01-01

351

The Construct Validity of the Self Description Questionnaire on High School Students in Kenya  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the structural equivalence of the Self Description Questionnaire (SDQ) in relation to Kenyan high school students. A total of 1,990 students from two same-sex boarding schools participated. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed the overall model fit the data well. However, an examination of the individual factors revealed…

Mucherah, Winnie; Finch, Holmes

2010-01-01

352

Investigations of Temperament at Three to Seven Years: The Children's Behavior Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews evidence on reliability and validity of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ); presents CBQ data on structure of temperament in childhood. Factor analyses indicate three broad dimensions of temperament: extroversion/surgency, negative affectivity, and effortful control. This factor structure also appears in ratings of children in…

Rothbart, Mary K.; Ahadi, Stephan A.; Hershey, Karen L.; Fisher, Phillip

2001-01-01

353

Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Title Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire Authors & Affiliations Henrik Hein Lauridsen1, Lise Hestbæk1,2 1. Research Unit for Clinical Biomechanics, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Clinical Locomotion Network, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark 2. Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Clinical Locomotion Network, Forskerparken 10A, 5230 Odense M, Denmark Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Therefore preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific instruments to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for children aged 9-12 years which could fill this gap in the literature. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases – the conceptualisation, development and testing phase. We used the conceptual model of Wilson and Cleary (1995) and divided the YSQ into two parts: part one included spinal prevalence estimates (including pictures of spinal area) and part two questions regarding pain, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. During the developing phase we used an iterative process to carefully rephrase existing items used in prior questionnaires such as the Standardised Nordic Questionnaire. To measure pain the “Revised Faces Pain Scale” (rFPS) was included. The testing phase consisted of an iterative method assessing respondent understanding during two pilot tests. In the first pilot test 52 4th grade children filled in the draft version of the YSQ. This was followed by a semi-structured interview two days later designed to obtain the same information ascontained in the YSQ, however, using different semantics and open-ended questions. The revised questionnaire was tested and reviewed a second time at the end of the first pilot test. The second pilot test included 23 children from the 4th grade. It followed similar procedures as the first pilot test but focused mainly on revised versions of the drawings demarcating the spinal areas. Results Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). Correlations between the rFPS and the interview NRS score ranged between 0.71 (cervical spine) and 0.84 (thoracic spine). Agreement between the questionnaire drawings and the interviews of the upper and lower boundaries of the spinal areas were 91.8% for the cervical spine and 67.4% (lumbar spine) and 63.3% (thoracic spine). This resulted in alterations to the drawings. Lastly, as some questions in the second part of the YSQ had a high prevalence of non-responses, it was decided to change question semantics and response options. Conclusion The Young Spine Questionnaire is a novel self-report measure of spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for understanding of content among target respondents, and the results showed acceptable agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings. On the basis of these preliminary results we conclude that the YSQ is a feasible and valid instrument to be used in cross-sectional cohort studies of children aged 9 to 12 years.

Lauridsen, Henrik Hein; Hestbæk, Lise

354

Child court hearings in family cases: Assessment questionnaire of child needs during pre-trial proceedings  

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Full Text Available The basis of family law is the child’s interest. This is related to the right to be listened to, but not as an obligation. As a consequence, there is a necessity for the judge to conduct a judicial exploration of the child. But, in general, the judges are not trained in this type of explorations, and they may consequently obtain erroneous information in their exploration. Therefore, in this work, we present the generation of a questionnaire that explores the judicial agents’ necessities during judicial exploration of children. Five expert researchers in the subject participated in creating the questionnaire; five family judges participated in the pilot test; and in the final study, 63 family judges answered the final questionnaire. Global reliability was adequate (.858, as was the reliability for interviewer’s skills, but it was not for the other areas of the questionnaire. An exploratory factor analysis showed a factor structure consisting of 5 factors that accounted for 46.12% of the total variance, but these five factors don’t correspond to the factors provided by experts. But construct validity validated the structure provided by the experts (?2/df = 1.35; BBNNFI = .873; CFI = .879; IFI = .881; RMR = .139; SRMR = .153; RMSEA = .075. To sum up, we can say that the questionnaire could be improved, but the best areas are the stages of the interview and the interviewer’s skills.

Asuncion Molina

2011-01-01

355

Development of a patient-reported questionnaire for collecting toxicity data following prostate brachytherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To improve a questionnaire used to collect patient-reported outcomes from patients with early stage prostate cancer treated with brachytherapy. A secondary aim was to adapt the Late Effects of Normal Tissue (LENT) subjective toxicity questionnaire for use to collect Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) data, the current preferred platform for assessing radiation toxicity. Materials and methods: Three hundred and seventy-seven patients were treated with permanent iodine-125 seed implant brachytherapy for early prostate cancer. Toxicity data were collected before and at nine time points post-treatment (0-36 months). Compliance rates for patients completing individual items and item-subsection correlation coefficients were calculated. A factor analysis was carried out to analyse responses to the questionnaire and identify less informative questions, which could be removed. Cronbach's ? coefficient was used to measure reliability. Results: Two thousand one hundred and eighty-eight questionnaires were analysed. There was poor compliance for questions specifically relating to operations and bowel medication. We found that the division of the questionnaire into subsections based on anatomical site was reasonable and that certain items could be safely removed. The high mean value for Cronbach's ? across all questionnaires (0.752; 95% CI: 0.726-0.779) indicated that the questionnaire was reliable. Fifteen of the 44 questions were removed from the original questionnaires. Questions on urinary incontinence severity, management of urinary and bowel incontinence, effects of reduced flow of urine and the effects of symptoms on activity of daily living and change in sexual function were required to adapt the LENT subjective questionnaire for use to collect CTCAE data. Conclusions: A questionnaire, validated over 6 years to collect LENT subjective data were adapted and is a reliable approach for collecting CTCAE data after prostate brachytherapy.

356

Questionnaire study of perceived listening quality in renovated university classrooms  

Science.gov (United States)

The research reported here investigated the effect of renovations on student perception of the listening environment in university classrooms. It involved four large classrooms at the University of British Columbia which were studied before and after acoustical renovation. Details of the renovations were identified. Measurements of reverberation time, background-noise level and sound propagation were made in each case. Room-average Speech Transmission Indices were calculated as a physically-based summary quality measure, and their changes on renovation were determined. Questionnaires designed to determine student and instructor perception of the listening environment, as well as the personal, academic and environmental factors that might affect it, were administered to a large number of students taking classes in each classroom, and their instructors, before and after renovation. A summary Perceived Listening Ease (PLE) score, measuring student perception of the quality of the listening environment, was calculated for each questionnaire from the responses. Room-average PLE scores, and the changes on renovation, were then calculated. These results were related to the physical measurement results. Physical, personal, academic and environmental factors affecting the changes in PLE score were investigated. The implications of the results for classroom design were considered.

Hodgson, Murray; Davies, Hugh

2005-04-01

357

2005-06 Academic Training Programme Questionnaire  

CERN Multimedia

Please help the Academic Training Committee to plan the 2005-06 programme of lectures by filling in the 2005-06 Academic Training Programme Questionnaire which can be found at: http://cern.ch/Academic.Training/questionnaire ENSEIGNEMENT ACADEMIQUE ACADEMIC TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 academic.training@cern.ch If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an 'application for training' form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt.

Françoise Benz

2005-01-01

358

ACADEMIC TRAINING LECTURES QUESTIONNAIRE: SUGGEST AND WIN!  

CERN Multimedia

Time to plan for the 2001-02 lecture series. From today until April 9 you have the chance to give your contribution to improved planning for next year's Academic Training Lectures Series. At the web site: http://wwwinfo/support/survey/academic-training/ you will find questionnaires concerning the following different categories: high energy physics, applied physics, science and society and post-graduate students lectures. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at CERN bookshop.

Academic Training; Tel. 73127

2001-01-01

359

A Questionnaire-Based Data Quality Methodology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Data quality (DQ has been defined as “fitness for use” of the data (also called Information Quality. A single aspect of data quality is defined as a “dimension” such as “consistency”, “accuracy”, “completeness”, or “timeliness”. In order to assess and improve data quality, “methodologies” have been defined. Data quality methodologies are sets of guidelines and techniques that are designed for measurement assessment, and perhaps, improving data quality in a given application or organization. If an appropriate list of dimensions is available for the specific needs of an organization, a questionnaire-based methodology can be designed in order to 1. Measure dimensions and identify “weak” dimensions in the organization 2. Select a proper “strategies” to improve data quality. In this paper we propose a questionnaire-based methodology in order to achieve that.

Reza Vaziri

2012-05-01

360

World War I History Commission Questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

In 1928, the Library of Virginia inherited a mass of materials from the Virginia War History Commission, which had spent the previous eight years gathering information on Virginia's participation in World War I. Included in this material were over 14,900 four-page questionnaires from a survey of WWI veterans in Virginia. The Library of Virginia has digitized these survey forms and created a free, fully-searchable database. Users have three search options: by word or phrase, combination, and expert/boolean. Search returns offer basic information on each individual, and users must follow the link at the bottom of the page to download the digitized images (in .tif format) of the questionnaire forms. In some cases, respondents submitted photos or additional pages with their forms and these are included in the database.

 
 
 
 
361

Personality traits of incoming WVU medical students: phase I gender findings.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purposes of this longitudinal research are to (1) identify personality traits and trait patterns of incoming WVU medical students; (2) reassess students shortly before their graduation; and (3) identify any trait or trait patterns which demonstrate significant correlations with choice of residency. Students (n = 181; 102 male, 79 female) were administered the Sixteen Personality Factor (16PF) Questionnaire during consecutive new student orientations (Fall 1995 and 1996). Findings of the first phase of this research demonstrate significant differences in traits between our medical students and the general population. The most compelling findings, however, involve personality trait differences between female medical students and their male peers. Beyond offering training implications, these early findings suggest the utility of the 16PF in defining trait patterns with medical students. PMID:10352570

Meit, S S; Meit, H T; Yasek, V

1999-01-01

362

Development of the children's eating behaviour questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Individual differences in several aspects of eating style have been implicated in the development of weight problems in children and adults, but there are presently no reliable and valid scales that assess a range of dimensions of eating style. This paper describes the development and preliminary validation of a parent-rated instrument to assess eight dimensions of eating style in children; the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ). Constructs for inclusion were derived both from t...

Wardle, J.; Guthrie, C. A.; Sanderson, S.; Rapoport, L.

2001-01-01

363

Evaluation of the Birmingham IBS symptom questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS is a chronic/common condition that causes a significant effect on the individual (reduced quality of life, society (time lost off work and health services. Comparison of studies evaluating the management of IBS has been hindered by the lack of a widely adopted validated symptom score. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a disease specific score to measure the symptoms of patients with IBS. Methods A self-administered 14-item symptom questionnaire (based on Rome II criteria was mailed to 533 persons included in a prevalence study of IBS. The reliability of each underlying dimension identified was measured by Cronbach's ?. Validity was assessed by comparing symptom scores with concurrent IBS specific quality of life (QoL scores. Reproducibility was measured by the test-retest method and responsiveness measured by effect size. Results 379 (71% questionnaires were returned. The underlying dimensions identified were pain, diarrhoea and constipation. Cronbach's ? was 0.74 for pain, 0.90 for diarrhoea and 0.79 for constipation. Pain and diarrhoea dimensions had good external validity (r = -0.3 to -0.6, constipation dimension had moderate external validity (r = -0.2 to -0.3. All dimensions were reproducible (ICCs 0.75 to 0.81. Effect sizes of 0.27 to 0.53 were calculated for those with a reported improvement in symptoms. Conclusion The Birmingham IBS Symptom Questionnaire has been developed and tested. It has been shown to be suitable for self-completion and acceptable to patients. The questionnaire has 3 internal dimensions which have good reliability, external validity and are responsive to a change in health status.

Wilson Sue

2008-07-01

364

Development of the children's active play imagery questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the current study was to develop an instrument, the Children's Active Play Imagery Questionnaire (CAPIQ), to assess imagery use during children's (7-14 years) active play. Phase 1 involved an assessment of content validity using experts (N = 7), while Phase 2 assessed the factorial validity of the CAPIQ using a sample of children (N = 302). Phase 3 contributed to the factorial validity of the CAPIQ by utilising confirmatory factor analysis among an independent sample of children (N = 252). The final version of the CAPIQ consists of 11 items across three factors: fun, social and capability. Further use of the CAPIQ will aid in identifying types of imagery used among children (7-14 years) in their active play, which may contribute to physical activity interventions. PMID:24410533

Cooke, Lisa; Munroe-Chandler, Krista; Hall, Craig; Tobin, Danielle; Guerrero, Michelle

2014-01-01

365

The Construct Validation of a Questionnaire of Social and Cultural Capital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study was conducted to construct and validate a questionnaire of social and cultural capital in the foreign language context of Iran. To this end, a questionnaire was designed by picking up the most frequently-used indicators of social and cultural capital. The Factorability of the intercorrelation matrix was measured by two tests: Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test of Sampling Adequacy (KMO and Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity. The results obtained from the two tests revealed that the factor model was appropriate. To validate the questionnaire, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA was performed. The application of the Principle Component Analysis to the participants’ responses resulted in 14 extracted factors accounting for 69% of the variance. The results obtained from the Scree Test indicated that a five-factor solution might provide a more parsimonious grouping of the items in the questionnaire. The rotated component matrix indicated the variables loaded on each factor so that the researchers came up with the new factors, i.e., social competence, social solidarity, literacy, cultural competence, and extraversion. Finally, statistical results were discussed and suggestions were made for future research.

Reza Pishghadam

2011-11-01

366

Inclinação profissional e personalidade: estudo de correlação entre medidas desses construtos Inclinación profesional y personalidad: estudio de correlación entre medidas de estos constructos Professional tendency and personality: research on the correlation among measures of these constructs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este trabalho pretende estudar a validade concorrente entre o 16PF - Questionário Fatorial da Personalidade e o BBT - Teste de Fotos de Profissões. O BBT é um teste projetivo, que se destina à apreensão do perfil de inclinação profissional, considerando oito fatores pulsionais. Apesar de o BBT ter sido concebido para adolescentes, estudos recentes mostraram que também pode ser empregado em adultos no contexto da orientação de carreira, coaching e seleção de pessoal. Enquanto o 16PF teve sua origem na análise fatorial, a construção do BBT se baseou nos pressupostos teóricos de Szondi sobre a estrutura pulsional das doenças mentais, com base em estudos clínicos com pacientes psiquiátricos. Embora os dois instrumentos partam de pressupostos teóricos muito diferentes, a estrutura fatorial do 16PF se assemelha em grande parte aos fatores pulsionais avaliados pelo BBT. Participaram do estudo 87 profissionais (35 homens e 52 mulheres oriundos de diversas empresas, com idade média de 29,4 anos (DP=8,2. Os resultados confirmaram as hipóteses de pesquisa no nível de significância 0,05.Este trabajo pretende estudiar la validez concurrente entre el 16PF - Cuestionario Factorial de la Personalidad y el BBT - Prueba de Fotos de Profesiones. El BBT es una prueba proyectiva, que se destina a la aprehensión del perfil de inclinación profesional, considerando ocho factores impulsivos. A pesar del BBT haber sido concebido para adolescentes, estudios recientes mostraron que también puede ser empleado en adultos en el contexto de la orientación de carrera, coaching y selección de personal. Mientras el 16PF tuvo su origen en el análisis factorial, la construcción del BBT se basó en los presupuestos teóricos de Szondi sobre la estructura de impulso de las enfermedades mentales, con base en estudios clínicos con pacientes psiquiátricos. Aunque los dos instrumentos partan de presupuestos teóricos muy diferentes, la estructura factorial del 16PF se asemeja en gran parte a los factores de impulso evaluados por el BBT. Participaron del estudio 87 profesionales (35 hombres y 52 mujeres oriundos de diversas empresas, con edad Media de 29,4 años (DP=8,2. Los resultados confirmaron las hipótesis de pesquisa en el nivel de significación 0,05This work has the presentation of the result of the convergent correlation research between 16PF - The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire and the BBT - Profession Photos Test as objective. The BBT is a projective test destined to apprehend the vocational profile for the purpose of vocational guidance, considering eight drive needs or factors. Although the BBT was designed to be used with adolescents, recent work has shown that it is also useful in the context of career counseling coaching and selection of employees. While the 16PF had its origin in the factorial analysis, BBT’s development is based on Szondi’s theoretical framework, the drive theory of mental diseases, created upon clinical research with psychiatric patients. Although both instruments are based on very different theories, the factorial structure of the 16PF resembles largely to the drive factors evaluated in BBT. The participants were 87 employees (35 men and 52 women derived from navigation companies and costal traffic, chemical and information technology segments, aged around 29,4 years (SD=8,2. The results obtained in the correlation study confirmed the hypotheses to the convergence between both instruments at the significance level of 0,05.

Giselle Müller-Roger Welter

2009-01-01

367

Inclinação profissional e personalidade: estudo de correlação entre medidas desses construtos / Professional tendency and personality: research on the correlation among measures of these constructs / Inclinación profesional y personalidad: estudio de correlación entre medidas de estos constructos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho pretende estudar a validade concorrente entre o 16PF - Questionário Fatorial da Personalidade e o BBT - Teste de Fotos de Profissões. O BBT é um teste projetivo, que se destina à apreensão do perfil de inclinação profissional, considerando oito fatores pulsionais. Apesar de o BBT ter s [...] ido concebido para adolescentes, estudos recentes mostraram que também pode ser empregado em adultos no contexto da orientação de carreira, coaching e seleção de pessoal. Enquanto o 16PF teve sua origem na análise fatorial, a construção do BBT se baseou nos pressupostos teóricos de Szondi sobre a estrutura pulsional das doenças mentais, com base em estudos clínicos com pacientes psiquiátricos. Embora os dois instrumentos partam de pressupostos teóricos muito diferentes, a estrutura fatorial do 16PF se assemelha em grande parte aos fatores pulsionais avaliados pelo BBT. Participaram do estudo 87 profissionais (35 homens e 52 mulheres) oriundos de diversas empresas, com idade média de 29,4 anos (DP=8,2). Os resultados confirmaram as hipóteses de pesquisa no nível de significância 0,05. Abstract in spanish Este trabajo pretende estudiar la validez concurrente entre el 16PF - Cuestionario Factorial de la Personalidad y el BBT - Prueba de Fotos de Profesiones. El BBT es una prueba proyectiva, que se destina a la aprehensión del perfil de inclinación profesional, considerando ocho factores impulsivos. A [...] pesar del BBT haber sido concebido para adolescentes, estudios recientes mostraron que también puede ser empleado en adultos en el contexto de la orientación de carrera, coaching y selección de personal. Mientras el 16PF tuvo su origen en el análisis factorial, la construcción del BBT se basó en los presupuestos teóricos de Szondi sobre la estructura de impulso de las enfermedades mentales, con base en estudios clínicos con pacientes psiquiátricos. Aunque los dos instrumentos partan de presupuestos teóricos muy diferentes, la estructura factorial del 16PF se asemeja en gran parte a los factores de impulso evaluados por el BBT. Participaron del estudio 87 profesionales (35 hombres y 52 mujeres) oriundos de diversas empresas, con edad Media de 29,4 años (DP=8,2). Los resultados confirmaron las hipótesis de pesquisa en el nivel de significación 0,05 Abstract in english This work has the presentation of the result of the convergent correlation research between 16PF - The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire and the BBT - Profession Photos Test as objective. The BBT is a projective test destined to apprehend the vocational profile for the purpose of vocational g [...] uidance, considering eight drive needs or factors. Although the BBT was designed to be used with adolescents, recent work has shown that it is also useful in the context of career counseling coaching and selection of employees. While the 16PF had its origin in the factorial analysis, BBT’s development is based on Szondi’s theoretical framework, the drive theory of mental diseases, created upon clinical research with psychiatric patients. Although both instruments are based on very different theories, the factorial structure of the 16PF resembles largely to the drive factors evaluated in BBT. The participants were 87 employees (35 men and 52 women) derived from navigation companies and costal traffic, chemical and information technology segments, aged around 29,4 years (SD=8,2). The results obtained in the correlation study confirmed the hypotheses to the convergence between both instruments at the significance level of 0,05.

Giselle Müller-Roger, Welter; Claudio Garcia, Capitão.

368

Psychometric Analysis of the Short-Form Emotional Skills and Competence Questionnaire in Undergraduate Nurse students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "nObjective: The main purpose of this study was to validate the short-form of the Emotional Skills and Competence Questionnaire (ESCQ Scale among Iranian undergraduate students.  Method: A total of 250 nurse undergraduate students participated in this study. Participants completed the ESCQ in addition to measures of Sheering Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire and Student's Demographic Questionnaire. "n Results: Exploratory factor analysis resulted in three factors that were largely consistent with the a priori scale structure. These factors included such dimensions as appraisal of others' emotions, managing and regulating emotion and specifying and understanding the individuals' own emotions. "nConclusions : The results provide initial support for the construct validity of the self- report version of the ESCQ in nurse students.

Shahram Vahedi

2009-12-01

369

Verifying a questionnaire diagnosis of asthma in children using health claims data  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Childhood asthma prevalence is widely measured by parental proxy report of physician-diagnosed asthma in questionnaires. Our objective was to validate this measure in a North American population. Methods The 2884 study participants were a subsample of 5619 school children aged 5 to 9 years from 231 schools participating in the Toronto Child Health Evaluation Questionnaire study in 2006. We compared agreement between "questionnaire diagnosis" and a previously validated "health claims data diagnosis". Sensitivity, specificity and kappa were calculated for the questionnaire diagnosis using the health claims diagnosis as the reference standard. Results Prevalence of asthma was 15.7% by questionnaire and 21.4% by health claims data. Questionnaire diagnosis was insensitive (59.0% but specific (95.9% for asthma. When children with asthma-related symptoms were excluded, the sensitivity increased (83.6%, and specificity remained high (93.6%. Conclusions Our results show that parental report of asthma by questionnaire has low sensitivity but high specificity as an asthma prevalence measure. In addition, children with "asthma-related symptoms" may represent a large fraction of under-diagnosed asthma and they should be excluded from the inception cohort for risk factor studies.

Yang Connie L

2011-11-01

370

Validation and Reliability Study of Farsi Version of Work Ability Index Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available   Background and Aim: Work ability reflects the interactions among personal characteristics, working conditions, employees' functional capabilities, and also employees' health status. Hence, the aim of the present study was to provide the Farsi version of Work Ability Index and to validate it among Iranian workers.   Materials and Methods: In the first stage, Backward Translation method was used for linguistic validation of the questionnaire. Cross sectional survey of a sample of 645 workers from some Iranian companies were conducted. The study estimated the reliability of the questionnaire by means of test-retest, as well as the construct validity using factor analysis. In order to determine discriminant capacity, the mean scores of different dimensions of work ability index were compared between workers with and without sick leave.   Results: Accordingly, the questionnaire showed a good internal consistency. ICC coefficients for the questionnaire were acceptable. Moreover, factor analyses related to the questionnaire items indicated that only one question is sufficient for each item of "work ability in relation to the demands of the job" and "mental resources". Also, questions related to the item of "number of current diseases diagnosed by physician" can be integrated in six questions. A good level of discriminant validity was observed for all dimensions except for the item of "work ability regarding work demands".   Conclusion: According to the acceptable validity and reliability of Work Ability Index, obtained in the present study, using this questionnaire for evaluating workers' work ability in all Iranian work environments, especially in industrial settings, is recommended.

Adel Mazloumi

2014-05-01

371

Applicability of the Organisational Climate Description Questionnaire - Rutgers Elementary: a South African case study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The Organisational Climate Description Questionnaire - Rutgers Elementary (OCDQ - RE) was used to determine the current organizational climate of primary schools in North-West Province, South Africa. This questionnaire evaluates the actions of principals and educators; the current organizational cli [...] mate in primary schools can be determined from the results. A quantitative research approach, with 904 teachers from 68 schools, was used to determine the applicability of the measuring instrument. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed that certain items measuring directive behaviour in the OCDQ-RE grouped with supportive behaviour of the principal. Hence, in this study, these items were regarded as supportive towards the educators and their work by the respondents. According to Cronbach's alpha coefficient the questionnaire can be regarded as reliable. Recommendations are made to render the questionnaire even more applicable for the South African context.

D, Vos; S M, Ellis; Philip C, van der Westhuizen; P J, Mentz.

372

Caregiver's Feeding Styles Questionnaire. Establishing cutoff points.  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers use the Caregiver's Feeding Styles Questionnaire (CFSQ) to categorize parent feeding into authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and uninvolved styles. The CFSQ assesses self-reported feeding and classifies parents using median splits which are used in a substantial body of parenting literature and allow for direct comparison across studies on dimensions of demandingness and responsiveness. No national norms currently exist for the CFSQ. This paper establishes and recommends cutoff points most relevant for low-income, minority US samples that researchers and clinicians can use to assign parents to feeding styles. Median scores for five studies are examined and the average across these studies reported. PMID:22119478

Hughes, Sheryl O; Cross, Matthew B; Hennessy, Erin; Tovar, Alison; Economos, Christina D; Power, Thomas G

2012-02-01

373