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Sample records for factor questionnaire 16pf

  1. A estrutura do 16PF-5, versão espanhola: uma análise fatorial dos itens The structure of the 16PF-5, Spanish version: a factor analysis of items

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    Valdiney V. Gouveia

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available O sistema de Cattell dos dezesseis fatores de primeira ordem no âmbito da personalidade normal não tem mudado desde seus estudos de elaboração há aproximadamente 50 anos. Este artigo examina a evidência que apoia a estrutura da versão espanhola do 16 PF-5, o qual foi aplicado a 3.446 pessoas e o conjunto de itens foi fatorizado diretamente. Foi realizada uma análise dos fatores principais, com rotação oblíqua direct quartimin e as matrizes fatoriais padrão e estrutura foram examinadas. As conclusões foram de que, embora a estrutura da personalidade seja mais clara quando as parcelas dos itens são consideradas (Cattell & Cattell, 1995; Prieto, Gouveia, & Fernández, 1996, os dezesseis fatores foram parcialmente confirmados analisando-se unicamente os itens. Neste sentido, é apropriado pensar na versão espanhola do 16 PF-5 como uma medida adequada dos fatores da personalidade normal, como tem sido definida por R. B. Cattell.The Cattell's system of sixteen primary factors in the normal personality sphere has not changed since its foundation studies approximately 50 years ago. This paper examines the evidence that supports the first order structure of the Spanish version of the 16 PF-5. This questionnaire was administered to 3,446 people, and the pool of items was factored. Principal factor solution and oblique rotation were performed. The sorted factor pattern and structure matrixes are available. The conclusion is that, although the structure of personality is more evident when the item parcels are considered (Cattell & Cattell, 1995; Prieto, Gouveia, & Fernández, 1996, all sixteen factors have been moderately confirmed analyzing only the items. So, it is appropriate to think of the Spanish version of 16 PF-5 as an appropriate measurement of the normal personality factors, as it has been defined by R.B. Cattell.

  2. Factors Common to the ISI and the 16PF Inventories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorr, Maurice; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Tested for five higher-order dimensions hypothesized to be common to the Interpersonal Style (ISI) and the Sixteen Personality Factor questionnaires among detoxified alcohol dependent inpatients (N=50). An oblique factor structure confirmed the factors expected, representing Self Control, Interpersonal Involvement, Emotional Stability,…

  3. Inter-Inventory Predictability and Content Overlap of the 16PF and the CPI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, John B.; Chun, Ki-Taek

    1977-01-01

    A multiple regression approach is used to assess the feasibility of reciprocal prediction between the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire scales and the California Psychological Inventory scales (i.e., the prediction of each 16PF scale from the CPI scales and of each CPI scale from the 16PF scales). (RC)

  4. 16 PF Profiles of Academically Able High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powers, Stephen; And Others

    In an exploration of nonintellectual correlates of high ability among high school students, 112 high ability high school students attending the University of Arizona Precollege Program for Gifted and Talented Students were administered the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16 PF). Mean primary factor scores of boys and girls were compared,…

  5. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONALITY, GENDER AND HOTEL DEPARTMENTS: APPLICATION OF 16 PERSONALITY FACTOR QUESTIONNAIRE IN THE ALANYA REGION IN TURKEY

    OpenAIRE

    Cihan Polat; Engin Üngüren; Sevcan Y?ld?z

    2009-01-01

    This study evaluates relationship between personality, gender and departments of a random sample of 91 employees working in 5-star hotels in the Alanya Region of Turkey. Evaluation was conducted using Cattell’s 16 PF (Sixteen Personality Factor) questionnaire. T-test assessed the relationship between personality and gender and one-way Anova analysed personality and department relationship. Results indicate that in the relationship between personality and gender there were significant varia...

  6. Inteligência emocional e desempenho no trabalho: um estudo com MSCEIT, BPR-5 e 16PF Emotional intelligence and job performance: a study with MSCEIT, BPR-5 and 16PF

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    Cláudia Cobêro

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo investigar a validade de uma medida de inteligência emocional correlacionando-a com medidas de inteligência, personalidade e desempenho profissional. Participaram do estudo 119 sujeitos, com idade entre 17 e 64 anos, de ambos os sexos e que trabalham em empresas situadas em municípios do interior do estado de São Paulo. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: Versão em Português do Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT, o Questionário Dezesseis Fatores da Personalidade (16PF, Bateria de Provas de Raciocínio (BPR-5, Avaliação de Desempenho respondido por duas pessoas (um supervisor e um colega. Os resultados apontam baixa correlação entre inteligência emocional e personalidade, bem como com inteligência. Indicam também que a faceta regulação das emoções se correlaciona com o desempenho profissional e apresenta validade incremental em relação à inteligência. Em suma conclui-se que a inteligência emocional constitui um tipo diferenciado de inteligência útil na avaliação psicológica no contexto organizacional.This research had as objective to investigate the validity of a emotional intelligence measure correlating it with measures of intelligence, personality, and job performance. The participants were 119 subjects, aged 17 to 64 years old, of bothe sex that work in cities industries from the state of São Paulo. The instruments used: the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT, protuguese version, the Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF, the Battery of Reasoning (BPR-5 a performance evaluation made by two persons (supervisor and a colegue. The results show low correlations between emotional intelligence and personality. Also that the branch managing emotions is correlated with job performance and presents validy with the intelligence. In sum it was concluded that emotional intelligence constitutes a differentiated type of intelligence useful for psychological assessment in the context of industrial and organizational psychology.

  7. Validity study of the 16PF in terminal air traffic control work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Personality test scores obtained in 1966 from the 16PF, Form A are compared with supervisory ratings on overall job ability made at least two years later on a sample of 510 terminal area journeymen controllers. Those rated above average were found to differ significantly from those rated below average in ability on one primary personality factor, namely, C (ego strength). Other factors which approached significance are also discussed. The present study represents an attempt to determine whether personality factor scores are valid over longer periods of time in successfully discriminating journeymen terminal controllers rated above and below average in overall ability by their supervisors

  8. Personality comparison of airline pilot incumbents, applicants, and the general population norms on the 16PF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakcher, Sandra; Cross, Kara; Blackman, Melinda C

    2003-06-01

    Personality comparisons using Cattell's 16PF were made between 137 pilot incumbents, 81 pilot applicants, and the general population norms. No significant differences were found between the scores on the personality factors for the Pilot Incumbents and the Pilot Applicants. Further, the incumbents and applicants who had previous military training versus those who did not had highly similar personalities. However, on nearly every personality factor a significant difference was found between the general population norms and the sample of Pilot Incumbents and Applicants. The Pilot Incumbent/Applicant group scored significantly more intelligent, emotionally stable, and mature in comparison to the general population norms. We believe that it is the high-risk nature of this occupation that leads applicants, wishing to pursue this field, to assess very carefully their own person-job fit and self-select themselves, thus ultimately producing this very distinct "pilot personality profile" described in 1995 by Bartram. PMID:12841441

  9. INCLUSION OF THE LATENT PERSONALITY VARIABLE IN MULTINOMIAL LOGIT MODELS USING THE 16PF PSYCHOMETRIC TEST

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    JORGE E. C\\u00D3RDOBA MAQUIL\\u00D3N

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Los modelos de demanda de viajes utilizan principalmente los atributos modales y las características socioeconómicas como variables explicativas. También se ha establecido que las actitudes y percepciones influyen en el comportamiento de los usuarios. Sin embargo, las variables psicológicas del individuo condicionan la conducta del usuario. En este estudio se incluyó la variable latente personalidad, en la estimación del modelo híbrido de elección discreta, el cual constituye una buena alternativa para incorporar los efectos de los factores subjetivos. La variable latente personalidad se evaluó con la prueba psicométrica 16PF de validez internacional. El artículo analiza los resultados de la aplicación de este modelo a una población de empleados y docentes universitarios, y también propone un camino para la utilización de pruebas psicométricas en los modelos híbridos de elección discreta. Nuestros resultados muestran que los modelos híbridos que incluyen variables latentes psicológicas son superiores a los modelos tradicionales que ignoran los efectos de la conducta de los usuarios.

  10. The comparability of the constructs of the 16PF in the South African context

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    F. Abrahams

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available The primary aims of the study were to determine whether the scores of the 16PF (SA92 are comparable in a crosscultural setting in South Africa, and also to investigate the influence of the gender of the research participants on the scores of the 16PF (SA92. The sample consisted of 983 students who were enrolled at different universities at the time of the field work. The statistical methods involved the application of descriptive statistics as well as methods to determine the comparability of the constructs. The results showed that although race exercised a considerable influence on the findings, this was not necessarily the case as far as gender was concerned. The presence of problems relating to the construct comparability of the test were also identified, as significant differences in means were found between the different race groups. Some of the implications of persisting with the use of the 16PF (SA92 in the South African context are outlined against the background of recently promulgated labour legislation.

    Opsomming
    Die primere doelstellings met die onderhawige studie was om die toepaslikheid van die 16PF (SA92 in Suid Afrikaanse konteks met sy diversiteit van kultuurgroepe te evalueer. Die invloed van die geslag van die navorsingsdeelnembers op die resultate is ook nagevors. Die deelnemergroep het bestaan uit 983 studente wat ten tye van die veldwerk aan verskillende universiteite gestudeer het. Benewens normale beskrywende statistiek, is daar ook gebruik gemaak van metodes om konstrukvergelykbaarheid te evalueer. Die bevindings het daarop gedui dat alhoewel ras 'n belangrike invloede op die toetsfaktore uitoefen, dit nie die geval is in soverre dit geslag betref nie. Die teenwoordigheid van probleme het ook ten opsigte van konstrukvergelykbaarheid na vore getree, aangesien betekenis voile verskille tussen gemiddeldes gevind is. Sommige van die implikasies van die volgehoue gebruik van die 16PF (SA92 in Suid Afrika word ook in die lig van die resente arbeidswetgewing bespreek.

  11. Subjective Ratings of Cattell's 17 Personality Factors

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    Friedman, Alan F.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    This study compares the direct assessment of personality by self-ratings with the less direct assessment by the Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire. The relationships primarily involve indices of social interaction from the 16PF and indices of internal traits from the self-ratings. (Author/DEP)

  12. INCLUSION OF THE LATENT PERSONALITY VARIABLE IN MULTINOMIAL LOGIT MODELS USING THE 16PF PSYCHOMETRIC TEST / INCLUSIÓN DE LA VARIABLE LATENTE PERSONALIDAD EN MODELOS LOGIT MULTINOMIAL UTILIZANDO PRUEBA PSICOMÉTRICA 16PF

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    JORGE E., CÓRDOBA MAQUILÓN; G. PATRICIA, JARAMILLO ÁLVAREZ.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Los modelos de demanda de viajes utilizan principalmente los atributos modales y las características socioeconómicas como variables explicativas. También se ha establecido que las actitudes y percepciones influyen en el comportamiento de los usuarios. Sin embargo, las variables psicológicas del indi [...] viduo condicionan la conducta del usuario. En este estudio se incluyó la variable latente personalidad, en la estimación del modelo híbrido de elección discreta, el cual constituye una buena alternativa para incorporar los efectos de los factores subjetivos. La variable latente personalidad se evaluó con la prueba psicométrica 16PF de validez internacional. El artículo analiza los resultados de la aplicación de este modelo a una población de empleados y docentes universitarios, y también propone un camino para la utilización de pruebas psicométricas en los modelos híbridos de elección discreta. Nuestros resultados muestran que los modelos híbridos que incluyen variables latentes psicológicas son superiores a los modelos tradicionales que ignoran los efectos de la conducta de los usuarios. Abstract in english Travel demand models typically use modal attributes and socioeconomic characteristics as explanatory variables.It has been established that attitudes and perceptions as well as individual psychological variables influencea user's behavior. In this study, the latent personality variable was included [...] in the estimation of a hybrid discrete choice model to incorporate the effects of subjective factors. The latent personality variable was assessed with the 16PF psychometric test,which has been widely use by researchersworldwide. The paper analyzes the results of applying this model to a sample of employees and university professors and proposes a way in which the psychometric tests can be used in hybrid discrete choice models. Our results show that hybrid models that include latent psychological variables are superior to traditional models that ignore the effects of user'sbehavior.

  13. Inteligência emocional: validade convergente e discriminante do MSCEIT com a BPR-5 e o 16PF / Emotional intelligence: convergent and discriminant validity of the MSCEIT with BPR-5 and 16PF

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ricardo, Primi; José Maurício Haas, Bueno; Monalisa, Muniz.

    Full Text Available A preocupação com a delimitação do construto inteligência emocional foi a principal razão da realização deste trabalho, cujo objetivo foi investigar a validade convergente-discriminante de uma medida de inteligência emocional (MSCEIT), com medidas de personalidade (16PF) e inteligência (BPR-5). A co [...] leta de dados envolveu 107 sujeitos de ambos os sexos, com idades de 17 a 60 anos (M=29,8; DP=9,9), funcionários de empresas de diversos segmentos do interior do Estado de São Paulo. Uma análise fatorial exploratória possibilitou a extração de seis fatores ortogonais (rotação varimax) que foram interpretados como relacionados à inteligência, ao neuroticismo, à área estratégica da inteligência emocional, à extroversão, à área experiencial da inteligência emocional e a uma tendência ativo-agressiva. A análise dos dados permitiu concluir que as medidas de inteligência emocional se apresentaram como um construto distinto das medidas tradicionais de inteligência e personalidade, que se referem à capacidade específica de processamento cognitivo com informações emocionais engastadas. Abstract in english A concern with the delimitation of the emotional intelligence construct was the main reason of the present study, that has investigated the convergent and discriminant validity of a measure of emotional intelligence (MSCEIT) with respect to measures of personality (16PF) and intelligence (BPR-5). Da [...] ta was collected with 107 participants with ages ranging from 17 to 60 (M=29.8; SD=9.9), employees of various enterprises located outside São Paulo State downtown area. An exploratory factor analysis has led to the extraction of six orthogonal factors (varimax rotation) that were interpreted as: intelligence, neuroticism, strategic area of emotional intelligence, extroversion, experiential area of emotional intelligence and an active-aggressive orientation. Data analysis has led to the conclusion that emotional intelligence measures turned out to be distinct of traditional measures of intelligence and personality, referring to the specific capacity of cognitive processing embedded with emotional information.

  14. The Infant Crying Questionnaire: Initial Factor Structure and Validation

    OpenAIRE

    Haltigan, John D.; Leerkes, Esther M.; Burney, Regan V.; Brien, Marion O’; Supple, Andrew J.; Calkins, Susan D.

    2012-01-01

    The current project reports on an initial investigation into the factor structure of the Infant Crying Questionnaire (ICQ), a measure designed to assess parental beliefs about infant crying, in a sample of 259 primiparous mothers. Exploratory factor analyses yielded evidence for a five-factor structure to the ICQ, with two factors that may be conceptually viewed as infant-oriented beliefs regarding infant crying (Attachment/Comfort and Crying as Communication) and three factors conceptually r...

  15. Tactics and Factors That Increase Response Rates to Mailed Questionnaires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillihunt, Vivian C.

    Research findings on identification of factors associated with increasing response rates to mailed questionnaires are presented. Several tactics which have been used to effect a greater response rate are presented and explained. Physical factors, such as typed correspondence, have been shown to yield higher response rates than duplicated…

  16. Factor Analysis of the Attributional Style Questionnaire: Attributions, Outcomes, Events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Leslie; And Others

    Attributional style as it has been operationalized in the Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ) was critically assessed. A sample of 538 senior high school and college students completed the ASQ. The resulting ASQ data were then intercorrelated, factor analyzed, and compared to hypothesized matrices for all items, good outcome items, and bad…

  17. Knowledge Elecitation for Factors Affecting Taskforce Productivity using a Questionnaire

    CERN Document Server

    Sohail, Muhammad

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we present the process of Knowledge Elicitation through a structured questionnaire technique. This is an effort to depict a problem domain as Investigation of factors affecting taskforce productivity. The problem has to be solved using the expert system technology. This problem is the very first step how to acquire knowledge from the domain experts. Knowledge Elicitation is one of the difficult tasks in knowledge base formation which is a key component of expert system. The questionnaire was distributed among 105 different domain experts of Public and Private Organizations (i.e. Education Institutions, Industries and Research etc) in Pakistan. A total 61 responses from these experts were received. All the experts were well qualified, highly experienced and has been remained the members for selection committees a number of times for different posts. Facts acquired were analyzed from which knowledge was extracted and elicited. A standard shape was given to the questionnaire for further research as...

  18. Human factors questionnaire as a tool for risk assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Isaac J.A.L.; Grecco, Claudio H.S.; Carvalho, Paulo V.R.; Mol, Antonio C.A.; Oliveira, Mauro V.; Augusto, Silas C. [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN-CNEN/RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Div. de Instrumentacao e Confiabilidade Humana], e-mail: luquetti@ien.gov.br, e-mail: grecco@ien.gov.br, e-mail: paulov@ien.gov.br, e-mail: mol@ien.gov.br, e-mail: mvitor@ien.gov.br, e-mail: silas@ien.gov.br

    2009-07-01

    The human factors engineering (HFE) as a discipline, and as a process, seeks to discover and to apply knowledge about human capabilities and limitations to system and equipment design, ensuring that the system design, human tasks and work environment are compatible with the sensory, perceptual, cognitive and physical attributes of the personnel who operates systems and equipment. Risk significance considers the magnitude of the consequences (loss of life, material damage, environmental degradation) and the frequency of occurrence of a particular adverse event. The questionnaire design was based on the following definitions: the score and the classification of the nuclear safety risk. The principal benefit of applying an approach based on the risk significance in the development of the questionnaire is to ensure the identification and evaluation of the features of the projects, related to human factors, which affect the nuclear safety risk, the human actions and the safety of the nuclear plant systems. The human factors questionnaire developed in this study will provide valuable support for risk assessment, making possible the identification of design problems that can influence the evaluation of the nuclear safety risk. (author)

  19. Human factors questionnaire as a tool for risk assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The human factors engineering (HFE) as a discipline, and as a process, seeks to discover and to apply knowledge about human capabilities and limitations to system and equipment design, ensuring that the system design, human tasks and work environment are compatible with the sensory, perceptual, cognitive and physical attributes of the personnel who operates systems and equipment. Risk significance considers the magnitude of the consequences (loss of life, material damage, environmental degradation) and the frequency of occurrence of a particular adverse event. The questionnaire design was based on the following definitions: the score and the classification of the nuclear safety risk. The principal benefit of applying an approach based on the risk significance in the development of the questionnaire is to ensure the identification and evaluation of the features of the projects, related to human factors, which affect the nuclear safety risk, the human actions and the safety of the nuclear plant systems. The human factors questionnaire developed in this study will provide valuable support for risk assessment, making possible the identification of design problems that can influence the evaluation of the nuclear safety risk. (author)

  20. Factor structure of the SOCRATES questionnaire in hospitalized medical patients

    OpenAIRE

    Bertholet, Nicolas; Dukes, Kim; Horton, Nicholas J.; Palfai, Tibor P.; Pedley, Alison; Saitz, Richard

    2009-01-01

    The Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES), a 19-item instrument developed to assess readiness to change alcohol use among individuals presenting for specialized alcohol treatment, has been used in various populations and settings. Its factor structure and concurrent validity has been described for specialized alcohol treatment settings and primary care. The purpose of this study was to determine the factor structure and concurrent validity of the SOCRATES among m...

  1. The Five-Factor Nonverbal Personality Questionnaire in the Czech context.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    H?ebí?ková, Martina

    2010-01-01

    Ro?. 52, ?. 3 (2010), s. 165-177. ISSN 0039-3320 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : Nonverbal personality measurement * five-factor model * The Five-Factor Nonverbal Personality Questionnaire * FF-NPQ Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 0.258, year: 2008

  2. Development and psychometric testing of the Chinese Postnatal Risk Factors Questionnaire (CPRFQ) for postpartum depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Xiaoyu; Lu, Jun; Shi, Shenxun; Wang, Ximei; Zhao, Rui; Yan, Yuan; Chen, Gang

    2015-04-01

    This article describes the development and psychometric assessment of the Chinese Postnatal Risk Factors Questionnaire (CPRFQ). There were four phases in this process: (1) the items were generated using a literature review and a focus group, (2) content validity was evaluated by an expert panel, (3) a pilot study was conducted with 45 postpartum women to refine the scale, and (4) a convenience sample of 256 postpartum women in China was recruited to complete the questionnaire. Construct validity was established by exploratory factor analysis; a four-factor structure of the scale was accepted (social and family, personality and relationship, mother and infant, maternal feelings and 'doing the month'). These factors explained 47.46 % of the variance. Pearson's correlation coefficient was conducted to test convergent validity with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) (r?=?0.54; p?item version of the questionnaire is potentially a valuable tool for assessing postnatal risk factors in Chinese postpartum mothers. PMID:25142052

  3. An inter-battery factor analysis of the comrey personality scales and the 16 personality factor questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Bruin, Gideon P.

    2000-01-01

    The scores of 700 Afrikaans-speaking university students on the Comrey Personality Scales and the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire were subjected to an inter-battery factor analysis. This technique uses only the correlations between two sets of variables and reveals only the factors that they have in common. Three of the Big Five personality factors were revealed, namely Extroversion, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness. However, the Conscientiousness factor contained a relatively strong uns...

  4. The Leiden Quality of Work Questionnaire: its construction, factor structure, and psychometric qualities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Doef, M; Maes, S

    1999-12-01

    Based on two leading models in occupational stress research, the Job Demand-Control-Support model and the Michigan model, a comprehensive quality of work questionnaire, was constructed--the Leiden Quality of Work Questionnaire. The factor structure of this questionnaire was assessed and cross-validated in two sub-samples of 2,000 men and women from a large sample of the Dutch working population. Analysis indicated that the questionnaire measures 11 work characteristics of Skill Discretion, Decision Authority, Task Control, Work and Time Pressure, Role Ambiguity, Physical Exertion, Hazardous Exposure, Job Insecurity, Lack of Meaningfulness, Social Support from Supervisor and Social Support from Coworkers, and the outcome variable of Job Satisfaction in a reliable way. PMID:10672758

  5. Developing a precise questionnaire to elucidate risk factors and injury pattern in RTA victims

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RK Singh

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Road traffic injuries are a growing public health issue. Despite good numbers of traffic legislations/ law/bye-laws/ regulations/ policies at the national/ state level and various safety measures to prevent road accidents/ mishaps, awareness remains comparatively low in India. Till date no questionnaire has been suitably developed, standardized and positivised for determining association of causality with injury pattern and severity score. Objective: To design and develop a précised survey questionnaire determining association of causality with injury pattern along with severity score in RTA victims.  Methodology: Till date no such study has been ventured which has observed the inter relationship of these factors resulting in a specific injury. Designed questionnaire was based on literature review, and updated several times to ensure the precision and agreement with the help of institutional trauma expert team. As a pilot study, 30 RTA victims admitted in trauma centre of KG Medical University were enrolled and designed questionnaire was tested for easiness and doubts. The results were thoroughly analyzed for item difficulty, precision and internal consistency. Results: A significant agreement of question pertaining to speed (k=0.99, CI=0.95, visibility (k=0.87, alcohol (k=0.65 in the questionnaire. Questions related to environment, driver, vehicle and road factors show a significant consistency (p>0.05 as cause of accidents. Test of agreements done by Kappa showed in variables having value more than 0.60 except few variables. Discussion: The designed questionnaire is precise, reasonably reliable in perfect agreement. This questionnaire should emerge a useful tool in determining the association of risk factors with injury pattern and severity. 

  6. Factors Influencing Schoolchildren's Responses to a Questionnaire in Wildlife Conservation Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballouard, Jean-Marie; Mullin, Stephen J.; Ajtic, Rastko; Brito, José Carlos; ElMouden, El Hassan; Erdogan, Mehmet; Feriche, Monica; Pleguezuelos, Juan M.; Prokop, Pavol; Sánchez, Aida; Santos, Xavier; Slimani, Tahar; Sterijovski, Bogoljub; Tomovic, Ljiljana; Usak, Muhammet; Zuffi, Marco; Bonnet, Xavier

    2015-01-01

    Questionnaires are important tools for assessing attitudes regarding conservation issues. However, they are not easily comparable and their reliability has been insufficiently assessed. We examined factors influencing responses to open- and closed-ended questions about animal conservation to more than 600 schoolchildren (9 years old on average).…

  7. The Factor Structure and Dimensional Scoring of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire for "DSM-IV"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodebaugh, Thomas L.; Holaway, Robert M.; Heimberg, Richard G.

    2008-01-01

    Despite favorable psychometric properties, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire for the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (4th ed.) (GAD-Q-IV) does not have a known factor structure, which calls into question use of its original weighted scoring system (usually referred to as the dimensional score). Analyses…

  8. Coloured Letters and Numbers (CLaN): a reliable factor-analysis based synaesthesia questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothen, Nicolas; Tsakanikos, Elias; Meier, Beat; Ward, Jamie

    2013-09-01

    Synaesthesia is a heterogeneous phenomenon, even when considering one particular sub-type. The purpose of this study was to design a reliable and valid questionnaire for grapheme-colour synaesthesia that captures this heterogeneity. By the means of a large sample of 628 synaesthetes and a factor analysis, we created the Coloured Letters and Numbers (CLaN) questionnaire with 16 items loading on 4 different factors (i.e., localisation, automaticity/attention, deliberate use, and longitudinal changes). These factors were externally validated with tests which are widely used in the field of synaesthesia research. The questionnaire showed good test-retest reliability and construct validity (i.e., internally and externally). Our findings are discussed in the light of current theories and new ideas in synaesthesia research. More generally, the questionnaire is a useful tool which can be widely used in synaesthesia research to reveal the influence of individual differences on various performance measures and will be useful in generating new hypotheses. PMID:23938277

  9. Factor Structure of the Iranian Version of 12-Item General Health Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmati Najarkolaei, Fatemeh; Raiisi, Fatemeh; Rahnama, Parvin; Gholami Fesharaki, Mohammad; Zamani, Omid; Jafari, Mohammad Reza; Montazeri, Ali

    2014-01-01

    Background: The 12-Item General Health (GHQ-12) questionnaire is one of the most commonly used instruments in screening studies on mental health. Objectives: The current study aimed to examine the factor structure of the GHQ-12 questionnaire among the students in Iran. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study in which 428 university students were recruited and completed the GHQ-12. Reliability of the GHQ-12 was evaluated using the Cronbach's alpha and the split-half method by applying the Spearman-Brown coefficient. Factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to assess how well the EFA extracted model fitted the observed data. Results: The mean age of the participants was 22.83 years (SD = 3.09). Most of them were female (56.1%) and 81% were unemployed. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the Iranian version of GHQ-12 was 0.85. Using the split-half method, the alpha for the social dysfunction was found to be 0.77; it was 0.76 for the psychological distress. The principal component analysis revealed a two-factor structure for the questionnaire including social dysfunction and psychological distress that explained 48% of the observed variances. The confirmatory factor analysis was showed fit for the data. Conclusions: The current study findings confirm that the Iranian version of GHQ-12 has a good factor structure and is a reliable and valid instrument to measure psychological distress and social dysfunction. PMID:25593708

  10. Comparing the factor structure of the Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales and the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Georgina M; Mellin, Juliann; Silvia, Paul J; Barrantes-Vidal, Neus; Kwapil, Thomas R

    2014-10-01

    Schizotypy is a multidimensional construct that captures the expression of schizophrenic symptoms and impairment from subclinical levels to full-blown psychosis. The present study examined the comparability of the factor structure of 2 leading psychometric measures of schizotypy: the Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales (WSS) and the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ). Both the SPQ and WSS purportedly capture the multidimensional structure of schizotypy; however, whether they are measuring comparable factors has not been empirically demonstrated. This study provided support for a 2-factor model with positive and negative factors underlying the WSS; however, contrary to previous findings, the best fit for the SPQ was for a 4-factor model using confirmatory factor analysis, and a 2-factor model using exploratory factor analysis. The WSS factors were relatively distinct, whereas those underlying the SPQ showed high overlap. The WSS positive and SPQ cognitive-perceptual factors appeared to tap comparable constructs. However, the WSS negative and SPQ interpersonal factors appeared to tap somewhat different constructs based on their correlation and their patterns of associations with other schizotypy dimensions and the Five-Factor Model-suggesting that the SPQ interpersonal factor may not adequately tap negative or deficit schizotypy. Although the SPQ offers the advantage over the WSS of having a disorganization factor, it is not clear that this SPQ factor is actually distinct from positive schizotypy. Existing measures should be used with caution and new measures based on a priori theories are necessary to further understand the factor structure of schizotypy. PMID:25314229

  11. An inter-battery factor analysis of the comrey personality scales and the 16 personality factor questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gideon P. de Bruin

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available The scores of 700 Afrikaans-speaking university students on the Comrey Personality Scales and the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire were subjected to an inter-battery factor analysis. This technique uses only the correlations between two sets of variables and reveals only the factors that they have in common. Three of the Big Five personality factors were revealed, namely Extroversion, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness. However, the Conscientiousness factor contained a relatively strong unsocialised component and in this regard it is similar to Eysencks Psychoticism factor. The results support the construct validity of the Comrey Personality Scales and the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire. Implications for personality questionnaire design and validation are discussed.

    Opsomming

    Die tellings van 700 Afrikaanssprekende universiteitstudente vir die Comrey Persoonlikheidskale en die 16 Per- soonlikheidsfaktorvraelys is aan 'n interbattery-faktorontleding onderwerp. Hierdie tegniek gebruik slegs die korrelasies tussen twee stelle veranderlikes en ontbloot slegs faktore wat die twee stelle veranderlikes gemeen het. Drie van die faktore van die vyfFaktormodel is blootgele, naamlik Ekstroversie, Neurotisisme en Konsensieusheid. Die Konsensieusheidsfaktor het ook n relatief sterk ongesosialiseerdheidskomponent ingesluit en in hierdie sin is dit soortgelyk aan Eysenck se Psigotisisme faktor. Die resultate ondersteun die konstrukgeldigheid van die Comrey Persoonlikheidskale en die 16 Persoonlikheidsfaktorvraelys. Implikasies vir die ontwerp en validering van persoonlikheidstoetse word bespreek.

  12. Factors influencing Saudi medical students and interns' choice of future specialty: a self-administered questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Alshahrani M; Dhafery B; Al Mulhim M; Alkhadra F; Al Bagshi D; Bukhamsin N

    2014-01-01

    Mohammed Alshahrani, Bander Dhafery, Mohammed Al Mulhim, Faisal Alkhadra, Doaa Albagshi, Noor BukhamsinKing Fahad Hospital of the University, Dammam University, Al Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Background: This study explores the most influential factors affecting Saudi medical students and interns' choice of specialty at the University of Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed during the period from June 1 to June 14, 2013. Chi-square...

  13. Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey

    OpenAIRE

    Fragoulakis Vasilis; Maniadakis Nikos; Pavlakis Andreas; Tsiantou Vasiliki; Theodorou Mamas; Pavi Elpida; Kyriopoulos John

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. Methods A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This was then administered to a sam...

  14. Factor structure of the Spanish version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 in Mexican women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Familiar, Itziar; Ortiz-Panozo, Eduardo; Hall, Brian; Vieitez, Isabel; Romieu, Isabelle; Lopez-Ridaura, Ruy; Lajous, Martin

    2015-03-01

    Structure of the Spanish version of the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) has been inconclusive. We report the factor structure of the PHQ-9 in 55,555 women from the Mexican Teachers' Cohort (MTC). Factor structure of the PHQ-9 was assessed by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in two sub-samples (n?=?27,778 and 27,777 respectively). A one-factor model of the PHQ-9 was the solution with the best fit to the data, exhibiting strong factor loadings (0.71 to 0.90) and high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha?=?0.89). A prevalence rate of moderate to high severity of depressive symptoms of 12.6% was identified. Results suggest that a global score is an appropriate measure of depressive symptoms and commend the use of the Spanish PHQ-9 as a measure of depression for research and clinical purposes. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25524806

  15. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Motivated Self-regulated Learning Questionnaire in an EFL Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ali Ayatollahi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ is an instrument for measuring motivation and learning strategies in general education. This instrument is modular, consisting of motivation and learning strategies modules. This study sought to see whether the learning strategies module of this instrument can be applied to the context of English Language Learning (EFL. For this purpose, the instrument was administered to a group of Iranian EFL college students (n=190 as well as a group of Iranian computer science students (n=74. The validity of the learning strategies module of this instrument in the new context was studied by analyzing the factor structure of responses made to it. Confirmatory factor analysis was run to perform a factor analysis of the data. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed identical factor structures for EFL and general education contexts, suggesting that MSLQ is a valid measurement instrument in determining EFL college students' study strategies as well.

  16. Social representations, correspondence factor analysis and characterization questionnaire: a methodological contribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo Monaco, Grégory; Piermattéo, Anthony; Guimelli, Christian; Abric, Jean-Claude

    2012-11-01

    The characterization questionnaire is inspired by Q-sort methodologies (i.e. qualitative sorting). It consists in asking participants to give their opinion on a list of items by sorting them into categories depending on their level of characterization of the object. This technique allows us to obtain distributions for each item and each response modality (i.e. characteristic vs. not chosen vs. not characteristic). This contribution intends to analyze these frequencies by means of correspondence factor analysis. The originality of this contribution lies in the fact that this kind of analysis has never been used to process data collected by means of this questionnaire. The procedure will be detailed and exemplified by means of two empirical studies on social representations of the good wine and the good supermarket. The interests of such a contribution will be discussed from both methodological points of view and an applications perspective. PMID:23156928

  17. Further investigation of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire: factor structure and specificity of relations with OCD symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Kevin D; Carter, Shawn A

    2008-06-01

    Cognitive models of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) posit that certain beliefs are important to the development and maintenance of OCD symptoms. The Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ) is a new measure developed to assess these beliefs. Supported by initial research, this study further examined the OBQ, focusing on structural issues and its relations with OCD and other symptoms. Results were that previous 3- and 4-factor models did not fit the current data adequately using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). However, a modified 3-factor model was generated using exploratory factor analysis and subsequently supported using CFA. The OBQ showed specific relevance to OCD and not to Panic Disorder or Major Depression once general distress was controlled. Only modest specificity was found within relations between OBQ scales and particular OCD scales, such as those involving beliefs about Perfectionism/Certainty and OCD rituals pertaining to symmetry, ordering, arranging, and grooming. PMID:17904796

  18. Childhood Trauma Questionnaire: factor structure, measurement invariance, and validity across emotional disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spinhoven, Philip; Penninx, Brenda W; Hickendorff, Marian; van Hemert, Albert M; Bernstein, David P; Elzinga, Bernet M

    2014-09-01

    To study the psychometric properties of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), we determined its dimensional structure, measurement invariance across presence of emotional disorders, the association of the CTQ-SF with an analogous interview-based measure (CTI) across presence of emotional disorders, and the incremental value of combining both instruments in determining associations with severity of psychopathology. The sample included 2,308 adults, ages 18-65, consisting of unaffected controls and chronically affected and intermittently affected persons with an emotional disorder at Time 0 (T0) or 4 years later at T4. Childhood maltreatment was measured at T0 with an interview and at T4 with the CTQ-SF. At each wave, patients were assessed for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., or DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994)-based emotional disorders (Composite Interview Diagnostic Instrument) and symptom severity (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Fear Questionnaire). Besides the correlated original 5-factor solution, an indirect higher order and direct bifactorial model also showed a good fit to the data. The 5-factor solution proved to be invariant across disordered-control comparison groups. The CTQ-SF was moderately associated with the CTI, and this association was not attenuated by disorder status. The CTQ-SF was more sensitive in detecting emotional abuse and emotional neglect than the CTI. Combined CTQ-SF/CTI factor scores showed a higher association with severity of psychopathology. We conclude that although the original 5-factor model fits the data well, results of the hierarchical analyses suggest that the total CTQ scale adequately captures a broad dimension of childhood maltreatment. A 2-step measurement approach in the assessment of childhood trauma is recommended in which screening by a self-report questionnaire is followed by a (semi-)structured diagnostic interview. PMID:24773037

  19. Examination of the Factor Structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire among British and Trinidadian Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barron, David; Swami, Viren; Hutchinson, Gerard

    2015-01-01

    Much debate in schizotypal research has centred on the factor structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ), with research variously showing higher-order dimensionality consisting of two to seven dimensions. In addition, cross-cultural support for the stability of those factors remains limited. Here, we examined the factor structure of the SPQ among British and Trinidadian adults. Participants from a White British subsample (n = 351) resident in the UK and from an African Caribbean subsample (n = 284) resident in Trinidad completed the SPQ. The higher-order factor structure of the SPQ was analysed through confirmatory factor analysis, followed by multiple-group analysis for the model of best fit. Between-group differences for sex and ethnicity were investigated using multivariate analysis of variance in relation to the higher-order domains. The model of best-fit was the four-factor structure, which demonstrated measurement invariance across groups. Additionally, these data had an adequate fit for two alternative models: (a) 3-factor and (b) modified 4-factor model. The British subsample had significantly higher scores across all domains than the Trinidadian group, and men scored significantly higher on the disorganised domain than women. The four-factor structure received confirmatory support and, importantly, support for use with populations varying in ethnicity and culture. PMID:25699263

  20. Examination of the Factor Structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire among British and Trinidadian Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barron, David; Swami, Viren; Towell, Tony; Hutchinson, Gerard; Morgan, Kevin D

    2015-01-01

    Much debate in schizotypal research has centred on the factor structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ), with research variously showing higher-order dimensionality consisting of two to seven dimensions. In addition, cross-cultural support for the stability of those factors remains limited. Here, we examined the factor structure of the SPQ among British and Trinidadian adults. Participants from a White British subsample (n = 351) resident in the UK and from an African Caribbean subsample (n = 284) resident in Trinidad completed the SPQ. The higher-order factor structure of the SPQ was analysed through confirmatory factor analysis, followed by multiple-group analysis for the model of best fit. Between-group differences for sex and ethnicity were investigated using multivariate analysis of variance in relation to the higher-order domains. The model of best-fit was the four-factor structure, which demonstrated measurement invariance across groups. Additionally, these data had an adequate fit for two alternative models: (a) 3-factor and (b) modified 4-factor model. The British subsample had significantly higher scores across all domains than the Trinidadian group, and men scored significantly higher on the disorganised domain than women. The four-factor structure received confirmatory support and, importantly, support for use with populations varying in ethnicity and culture. PMID:25699263

  1. Development of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ): a factor/facet version of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aluja, Anton; Kuhlman, Michael; Zuckerman, Marvin

    2010-09-01

    The development of a new 200-item questionnaire based on the theoretical constructs of the alternative Five-factor model of personality is described. We developed the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ) from an initial pool of 537 items. Its final version includes 5 factors with 4 facets per factor and 10 items per facet. Internal consistencies were adequate particularly for the factors. The 1 factor confirmatory factor analyses showed satisfactory goodness-of-fit indexes, but not for the 5 factor simple structure. When incorporating the secondary loadings and the correlated error terms, the model fit improved. A multigroup analysis showed gender differences for the factors Sensation Seeking, Neuroticism, Aggressiveness, and Activity for the Spanish-speaking sample but only for Aggressiveness in the English-speaking sample. We assessed the convergent and discriminant validity of the ZKA-PQ by inspecting correlations with shortened versions of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992) and Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (Cloninger, 1999) in 2 independent and additional samples. This new instrument may be useful for basic and applied research, including normal personality, psychobiology of personality, personality and clinical disorders, and industrial-organizational psychology. PMID:20706928

  2. Questionnaire survey on factors influencing comfort with indoor environmental quality in Danish housing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frontczak, Monika Joanna; Andersen, Rune Vinther

    2012-01-01

    A questionnaire survey in Danish homes investigated the factors that influence occupants’ comfort. The questionnaire contained questions on inhabitants’ behaviour, their knowledge as regards building systems designed for controlling the indoor environment and the ways in which they achieve comfort. A total of 2499 questionnaires were sent to inhabitants of the most common types of housing in Denmark; 645 persons replied (response rate of 26%). The results show that the main indoor environmental parameters (visual, acoustic and thermal conditions, and air quality) are considered by occupants to be the most important parameters determining comfort. Manual control of the indoor environment was indicated by the respondents as highly preferred, and only in the case of temperature did they accept both manual and automatic control. The respondents indicated that they were confident about how the systems for controlling indoor environmental quality in their homes should be used. 54% of them reported to have had at least one problem related to the indoor environment at home. A majority of those respondents did not try to search for information on how to solve the problem. This may suggest that there is a need for increasing people’s awareness regarding the consequences of a poor indoor environment on their health and for improving people’s knowledge on how to ensure a good indoor climate.

  3. Confirmatory factor analysis of different versions of the Body Shape Questionnaire applied to Brazilian university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Wanderson Roberto; Dias, Juliana Chioda Ribeiro; Maroco, João; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini

    2014-09-01

    This study aimed at evaluating the validity, reliability, and factorial invariance of the complete (34-item) and shortened (8-item and 16-item) versions of the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) when applied to Brazilian university students. A total of 739 female students with a mean age of 20.44 (standard deviation=2.45) years participated. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to verify the degree to which the one-factor structure satisfies the proposal for the BSQ's expected structure. Two items of the 34-item version were excluded because they had factor weights (?)BSQ version (Akaike information criterion=84.07, Bayes information criterion=157.75, Browne-Cudeck criterion=84.46), with strong invariance for independent samples (??(2)?(7)=5.06, ??(2)Cov(8)=5.11, ??(2)Res(16)=19.30). PMID:25010930

  4. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Sport Emotion Questionnaire in organisational environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Rachel; Fletcher, David

    2015-01-01

    The Sport Emotion Questionnaire (SEQ) (Jones, M. V., Lane, A. M., Bray, S. R., Uphill, M., & Catlin, J. (2005). Development and validation of the SEQ. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 27, 407-431) was developed and initially validated to assess sport performers' pre-competitive emotions. The purpose of this study was to test the factor structure of the SEQ in a different environment (viz. organisational) and at a different time point (viz. the past month). A further aim was to examine if the SEQ was invariant across different groups of sport performers. A diverse sample of athletes (n = 1277) completed the questionnaire. Fit indices from confirmatory factor analyses provided partial support for the hypothesised measurement model, with equal or better fit demonstrated than evident in initial validation. The comparative fit index values were above acceptable guidelines for all factors at subscale level. Evidence was also found for the invariance of the SEQ across different groups. Overall, the findings support the reliability and validity of the SEQ as a measure of the emotions experienced by sport performers in an organisational environment during the past month. PMID:25375248

  5. Three factor eating questionnaire-R18 as a measure of cognitive restraint, uncontrolled eating and emotional eating in a sample of young Finnish females

    OpenAIRE

    Saha Marja-Terttu; Kautiainen Susanna; Eriksson Tiina; Engblom Janne; Anglé Susanna; Lindfors Pirjo; Lehtinen Matti; Rimpelä Arja

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background The aim of the study was to examine the construct validity of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire -R18 (TFEQ-R18), a measure of eating behaviour, and to evaluate cognitive restraint, uncontrolled eating and emotional eating in a sample of adolescent and young adult females of different weights. Methods Subjects were 2 997 females, aged 17 to 20 years, who participated in a phase III human papillomavirus vaccination trial in Finland in 2004 – 2009. Self-administered que...

  6. Estructura Factorial del Cuestionario de Condiciones de Trabajo / Factor Structure of Working Conditions Questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Josep M., Blanch; Miguel, Sahagún; Genís, Cervantes.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El Cuestionario de Condiciones de Trabajo fue diseñado y aplicado como una herramienta de evaluación de componentes psicosociales del entorno laboral en organizaciones de servicio a personas. Lo contestaron 1252 profesionales de la sanidad (medicina y enfermería) y de la educación superior empleados [...] respectivamente en hospitales y en universidades de diversos países iberoamericanos. Este cuestionario incluye series de ítems cerrados organizados de acuerdo con un modelo teórico según el cual las condiciones de trabajo se configuran en torno a una triple relación de la organización con el método, con el entorno y con la persona. Un análisis de componentes principales mostró la existencia de seis factores en el cuestionario, agrupados por pares en tres grupos de escalas, mostrando todas ellas una notable consistencia interna, con altos valores ? de Cronbach. El estudio psicométrico indica que el cuestionario reproduce fielmente la estructura del modelo teórico propuesto. Abstract in english The Working Conditions Survey was designed and applied as a tool for assessing psychosocial components of work environment in serving people organizations. 1252 professionals of health care (medical and nursing) and of higher education respectively employed in hospitals and in universities from seve [...] ral Latin American countries, answered this questionnaire. This tool includes series of closed items organized according to a theoretical model that configures working conditions around a three-way relationship of the organization with the method, with the environment and with the person. A principal component analysis showed the existence of six factors in the questionnaire, grouped in three pairs of scales, all showing a remarkable internal consistency with high Cronbach's ? values. The psychometric study indicates that the questionnaire faithfully reproduces the structure of the proposed theoretical model.

  7. Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire Factor Structure and Construct Validity In Bariatric Surgery Candidates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grilo, Carlos M.; Henderson, Kathryn E.; Bell, Robert L.; Crosby, Ross D.

    2012-01-01

    Objective The Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is increasingly used in studies with bariatric surgery patients although little is known about psychometric properties of this self-report measure in this clinical group. The current study evaluated the factor structure and construct validity of the EDE-Q in bariatric surgery candidates. Methods Participants were a consecutive series of 174 obese bariatric surgery candidates who completed the EDE-Q and a battery of behavioral and psychological measures. Results Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed an inadequate fit for the original EDE-Q structure but revealed a good fit for an alternative structure suggested by recent research with obese samples. CFA supported a 7-item, 3-factor structure; the three factors were interpreted as dietary restraint, shape/weight overvaluation, and body dissatisfaction. The three factors converged with other relevant collateral measures. Conclusions These factor analytic findings, which replicate recent findings from studies with diverse obese samples, demonstrated convergent validity. Implications of these findings for clinical assessment and research with bariatric surgery patients are discussed. PMID:23229951

  8. The comprehensive alcohol expectancy questionnaire: confirmatory factor analysis, scale refinement, and further validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolai, Jennifer; Demmel, Ralf; Moshagen, Morten

    2010-09-01

    The Comprehensive Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (CAEQ; Demmel & Hagen, 2003a, 2003b) is a self-report measure designed to assess an individual's alcohol expectancies. In this study, we examined the CAEQ in a student sample (N= 932) and in a clinical sample of alcohol-dependent inpatients (N= 744). The Five-factor structure was confirmed by means of confirmatory factor analysis. Convergent validity of the revised CAEQ was supported by showing significant relationships to quantity and frequency of drinking. The results of this study suggest that the revised CAEQ appears to be a psychometrically sound tool for the assessment of alcohol expectancies among both students and alcohol-dependent inpatients. PMID:20706926

  9. A Rasch and confirmatory factor analysis of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ - 12

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velikova Galina

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ - 12 was designed as a short questionnaire to assess psychiatric morbidity. Despite the fact that studies have suggested a number of competing multidimensional factor structures, it continues to be largely used as a unidimensional instrument. This may have an impact on the identification of psychiatric morbidity in target populations. The aim of this study was to explore the dimensionality of the GHQ-12 and to evaluate a number of alternative models for the instrument. Methods The data were drawn from a large heterogeneous sample of cancer patients. The Partial Credit Model (Rasch was applied to the 12-item GHQ. Item misfit (infit mean square ? 1.3 was identified, misfitting items removed and unidimensionality and differential item functioning (age, gender, and treatment aims were assessed. The factor structures of the various alternative models proposed in the literature were explored and optimum model fit evaluated using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Results The Rasch analysis of the 12-item GHQ identified six misfitting items. Removal of these items produced a six-item instrument which was not unidimensional. The Rasch analysis of an 8-item GHQ demonstrated two unidimensional structures corresponding to Anxiety/Depression and Social Dysfunction. No significant differential item functioning was observed by age, gender and treatment aims for the six- and eight-item GHQ. Two models competed for best fit from the confirmatory factor analysis, namely the GHQ-8 and Hankin's (2008 unidimensional model, however, the GHQ-8 produced the best overall fit statistics. Conclusions The results are consistent with the evidence that the GHQ-12 is a multi-dimensional instrument. Use of the summated scores for the GHQ-12 could potentially lead to an incorrect assessment of patients' psychiatric morbidity. Further evaluation of the GHQ-12 with different target populations is warranted.

  10. Factor structure and reliability of the 12-item Sinhala version of General Health Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chrishantha Abeysena

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ is widely used to detect common psychiatric disorders. Even though the GHQ 12 has been validated for many countries, psychometric properties in relation to the Sinhala speaking Sri Lankan population lack conclusive evidence. Objective: To determine the factor structure and the reliability of the Sinhala version of GHQ 12. Methods: This was a descriptive study including 385 patients with in the age range of 18 to 75 years, attending the Out Patient Department of Colombo North Teaching Hospital, Ragama, Sri Lanka, between June 2009 to September 2010. Sinhala version of GHQ-12 was completed by the participants. Each item of the GHQ was rated on a four-point scale (0-1-2-3. Factor analyses were performed by applying Generalized Least Squares method using oblimin rotation. The internal consistency was assessed by calculating Cronbach’s ? coefficient.Results: Median age of the study population was 32.5 years (IQR= 21years and the median GHQ score was 9 (IQR=7. The GHQ 12 yielded two factor solutions. Factor I (Depression and Anxiety accounted for 88% of the total explained variance and Factor II (Social dysfunction 12%. Forty five percent (45% of the total variance could be explained by the two extracted factors. There was a clear distinction between the items that loaded on the two factors. The correlation coefficient between the factors I and II was 0.65. The Cronbach's alpha of GHQ 12 was 0.88, which indicated satisfactory internal consistency. Conclusions: GHQ 12 displays adequate reliability and validity for use in the Sinhala speaking primary care attendees of Colombo North Teaching Hospital for assessing psychiatric disorders.

  11. Three factor eating questionnaire-R18 as a measure of cognitive restraint, uncontrolled eating and emotional eating in a sample of young Finnish females

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saha Marja-Terttu

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of the study was to examine the construct validity of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire -R18 (TFEQ-R18, a measure of eating behaviour, and to evaluate cognitive restraint, uncontrolled eating and emotional eating in a sample of adolescent and young adult females of different weights. Methods Subjects were 2 997 females, aged 17 to 20 years, who participated in a phase III human papillomavirus vaccination trial in Finland in 2004 – 2009. Self-administered questionnaires and weight and height measurements were used. The factor structure of the TFEQ-R18 was verified by factor analysis. Connections between measured eating behaviour and Body Mass Index (BMI were tested using analysis of variance. Results The original factor structure of the TFEQ-R18 was replicated: six of the eighteen items measured cognitive restraint, nine measured uncontrolled eating, and three measured emotional eating. On average, higher BMI was associated with higher levels of cognitive restraint (p Conclusion Structural validity of the TFEQ-R18 was good in this sample of young Finnish females with a varying range of body weights. Use of the instrument as a measure of eating behaviour was thus corroborated. Connections of restrained and emotional eating with BMI were in accordance with previous findings from young females.

  12. Design, Application, and Factor Structure of a Cultural Capital Questionnaire: Predicting Foreign Language Attributions and Achievement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Zabihi

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Culture, as a variable which explains a great part of individual differences, has proved to be effective in defining the factors to which individuals ascribe their success or failure. This study introduced a completely new perspective to the relationship between culture and foreign language attributions by making reference to Bourdieu’s concept of cultural capital. To this aim, a questionnaire for measuring cultural capital was designed, applied, and validated. The Factorability of the intercorrelation matrix was measured by two tests, namely, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test of Sampling Adequacy (KMO and Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity the results of which indicated that the factor model was appropriate (0.65, p < .05. Moreover, the results of Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA based on the performance of 476 undergraduate university students yielded a two-factor solution of Textual literacy and Musical literacy. Moreover, the survey explored the relationship between the new factors and learners’ foreign language attributions as measured by the Language Achievement Attribution Scale (LAAS and the Causal Dimension Scale (CDS-II. Results from Pearson product-moment correlation revealed that the total score for cultural capital was significantly related to learners’ ability, effort, and personal attributions. In order to investigate the role of cultural capital in predicting learners’ foreign language achievement, Multiple Linear Regression Analysis was conducted. Results revealed that musical literacy was the best predictor of the listening and speaking skills, whereas reading, writing, and grammar were mostly predicted by learners’ textual literacy. At the end, statistical results were discussed, and implications for English language teaching were provided.

  13. German version of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire - Appearance Scales (MBSRQ-AS): confirmatory factor analysis and validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vossbeck-Elsebusch, Anna N; Waldorf, Manuel; Legenbauer, Tanja; Bauer, Anika; Cordes, Martin; Vocks, Silja

    2014-06-01

    The Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) is a widely used questionnaire that measures body image as a multidimensional construct. The Appearance Scales (AS) of the MBSRQ (Appearance Evaluation, Appearance Orientation, Body Areas Satisfaction, Overweight Preoccupation and Self-Classified Weight) are subscales which facilitate a parsimonious assessment of appearance-related aspects of body image. The current study tested the psychometric properties and factor structure of a German translation of the MBSRQ-AS. Participants were n=230 female patients with the SCID diagnosis of an eating disorder and n=293 female healthy controls. In a confirmatory factor analysis, convincing goodness-of-fit indices emerged. The subscales of the questionnaire yielded good reliability and convergent and discriminant validity coefficients, with most items showing excellent characteristics. Like the English version, the German adaptation of the questionnaire can be recommended for a multidimensional assessment of appearance-related aspects of body image in both research and clinical practice. PMID:24958652

  14. A Confirmatory Approach to Examining the Factor Structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ): A Large Scale Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niclasen, Janni; Skovgaard, Anne Mette; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Somhovd, Mikael Julius; Obel, Carsten

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) using a Structural Confirmatory Factor Analytic approach. The Danish translation of the SDQ was distributed to 71,840 parents and teachers of 5-7 and 10-12-year-old boys and girls from four large scale cohorts. Three theoretical models…

  15. Test-retest reliability of a questionnaire to assess physical environmental factors pertaining to physical activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McGinn Aileen P

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the documented benefits of physical activity, many adults do not obtain the recommended amounts. Barriers to physical activity occur at multiple levels, including at the individual, interpersonal, and environmental levels. Only until more recently has there been a concerted focus on how the physical environment might affect physical activity behavior. With this new area of study, self-report measures should be psychometrically tested before use in research studies. Therefore the objective of this study was to document the test-retest reliability of a questionnaire designed to assess physical environmental factors that might be associated with physical activity in a diverse adult population. Methods Test and retest surveys were conducted over the telephone with 106 African American and White women and men living in either Forsyth County, North Carolina or Jackson, Mississippi. Reliability of self-reported environmental factors across four domains (e.g., access to facilities and destinations, functionality and safety, aesthetics, natural environment was determined using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC overall and separately by gender and race. Results Generally items displayed moderate and sometimes substantial reliability (ICC between 0.4 to 0.8, with a few differences by gender or race, across each of the domains. Conclusion This study provides some psychometric evidence for the use of many of these questions in studies examining the effect of self-reported physical environmental measures on physical activity behaviors, among African American and White women and men.

  16. Confirmatory factor analysis of the thyroid-related quality of life questionnaire ThyPRO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Watt, Torquil; GrØnvold, Mogens

    2014-01-01

    Background and aimThyroid diseases are prevalent and chronic. With treatment, quality of life is restored in most, but not all patients. Construct validity of the thyroid-related quality of life questionnaire, ThyPRO, has been established by multi-trait scaling, but not evaluated with more elaborate methods. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate dimensionality of the ThyPRO scales and to attempt to understand possible item misfit through structural equation modeling for categorical data.MethodsThe current 84-item version of ThyPRO consists of 13 scales, covering domains of physical (4 scales) and mental (2 scales) symptoms, function and well-being (3 scales) and participation/social function (4 scales). The data were collected from a cross-sectional sample of 907 thyroid patients. One-factor confirmatory models were fitted to each scale, and evaluated by model fit statistics (comparative fit index >0.95, root mean square error of approximation <0.08), magnitude of factor loadings, model residual correlations and modification indices (MI). Indications of multi-dimensionality were tested in bi-factor models. Possible item misfit was evaluated in a combined, investigational model.ResultsEach ThyPRO scale was adequately represented by a unidimensional model after minor revisions. Eleven items were identified in the unidimensional models as potentially misfitting and were investigated further by multidimensional modeling.ConclusionElaborate psychometric modeling supported the construct validity of the ThyPRO. However, 11 potentially misfitting items and 18 items with local dependence to other items are candidates for removal in future item reduction processes.

  17. The evaluation of the psychometric properties and the factor structure of the slovak version of the questionnaire FFMQ (five-facet mindfulness questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronika Látalová

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Problem: The aim of the present study was to adapt the English self-report questionnaire Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaure (FFMQ - Baer et al., 2006 to Slovak conditions as well as to evaluate its psychometric properties and to investigate its 5-factor structure reported by the authors. FFMQ is used to measure the construct of mindfulness and its 5 facets identified by the authors (i.e. observing inner experience, describing inner experience, acting with awareness, non-judging of inner experience, and non-reactivity to inner experience. Methods: After having done a back-translation in cooperation with the author of FFMQ, we evaluated its reliability and construct validity within the sample of 282 university female students and via the instruments used to measure perceived emotional intelligence (TMMS; Trait Meta-Mood Scale - Salovey et al., 1995, trait anxiety (STAI X-2; Stait-Trait Anxiety Inventory - Spielberger, Gorsuch, Lushene, 1970, alexithymia (TAS-20; Toronto Alexithymia Scale - Taylor, Bagby, Parker, 1992 and difficulties in emotion regulation (DERS; Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale - Gratz, Roemer, 2012. Statistical analysis: The structure of FFMQ questionnaire was examined via exploratory factor analysis (principal component, rotation oblimin. Pearson correlation analyses were conducted to test relationships between FFMQ scale and instruments used to measure related constructs. Cronbach coefficients alpha were calculated to assess internal consistency aspect of reliability of FFMQ scale and its subscales. Results: It has been shown, that FFMQ represents a reliable and valid instrument. The results of EFA indicated that there are five factors in the structure of the Slovak version of FFMQ. Study limitation: (a measurement of mindfulness is self-reported; (b the findings are limited to a sample of university female students.

  18. Relationship between blood lead level and work related factors using the NIIH questionnaire system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Hiroyuki; Mori, Ippei; Ogawa, Yasutaka; Hirata, Mamoru

    2006-10-01

    Over an 11-yr period (1990-2000), a questionnaire survey on work environmental management and environmental improvement was conducted on 259 lead-handling factories and 7,623 subjects. Labour Inspection Offices identified these factories as requiring environmental improvement, or possessing a desire to improve their working environment. We analyzed factors affecting blood lead levels (PbBs). These factors were gender, age, employment duration, factory size, work environment control (WEC) class, and job categories. The PbB of men was found to be higher than that of women, and may be due to the differences in job distribution. PbB increased along with increasing age and employment duration. PbB declined as the factory size increased. The odds ratio (OR) of PbB higher than 20 microg/dl according to factory size was significantly high even after adjusting for WEC class. This demonstrates that not only the working environment but also safety management was poorer among small-scale factories that large-scale factories. The rise of PbB along with the increase of WEC class confirmed that the results of work environment measurement are correlated with individual exposure levels. The risk of having a 20 microg/dl or higher PbB was different for various lead handling jobs. Smelting or refining lead had the highest risk for lead exposure while painting or baking had the lowest risk. As our study population was not a randomly selected sample, we are unable to generalize our results for workers across Japan. However, we were able to indicate which jobs pose a high-risk and the effectiveness of using the work environment control class as an index of worksite environment levels. PMID:17085924

  19. Risk factors for pressure sores in adult patients with myelomeningocele – a questionnaire-based study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frøslie Kathrine

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Myelomeningocele (MMC is a part of a complex neural tube defect and a disorder of the cerebrospinal fluid system. Pressure sores are a frequent complication for patients with MMC. Little is known about the risk factors for pressure sores in adults with MMC. The aim of this study was to investigate an association between the presence of pressure sores and other patient characteristics, in order to develop an improved strategy for the management of sores. Methods A structured questionnaire regarding sores, medical condition, function and living factors was designed and sent to the 193 patients with MMC registered in the year 2003 at TRS, a National Centre for Rare Disorders in Norway. Results Out of 193 total, 87 patients participated and 71 patients (82% reported sores; 26 (30% at the time of the interview and 45 (52% during the last 5 years. Sores were mostly localized on toes and feet and occurred exclusively in regions with reduced or missing sensibility. A significant association was found between sores and memory deficit (p = 0.02, Arnold Chiari malformation (p = 0.02 and a record of previous sores (p = 0.004. Sores were not significantly associated with hydrocephalus, syringomyelia, nutrition, body mass index, smoking, physical activity, employment or living together with other persons. Some patients (18, 21% reported skin inspection by others and the remainder relied on self-inspection. Conclusion Patients with sensory deficit, memory problems, and Arnold Chiari malformation had a higher risk of having pressure sores. This patient group needs improved skin inspection routines and sore treatment.

  20. Validating the Children's Behavior Questionnaire in Dutch Children: Psychometric Properties and a Cross-Cultural Comparison of Factor Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sleddens, Ester F. C.; Kremers, Stef P. J.; Candel, Math J. J. M.; De Vries, Nanne N. K.; Thijs, Carel

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we examined the factorial validity of the Dutch translation of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) and the Very Short Form scores. In addition, we conducted cross-cultural comparisons of temperament structure. In total, 353 parents of 6- to 8-year-olds completed the instrument. The original higher order factor structure of…

  1. Knowledge of stroke risk factors among primary care patients with previous stroke or TIA: a questionnaire study

    OpenAIRE

    Strender Lars-Erik; Backlund Lars G; Sloma Andrzej; Skånér Ylva

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Survivers of stroke or transient ischaemic attacks (TIA) are at risk of new vascular events. Our objective was to study primary health care patients with stroke/TIA regarding their knowledge about risk factors for having a new event of stroke/TIA, possible associations between patient characteristics and patients' knowledge about risk factors, and patients' knowledge about their preventive treatment for stroke/TIA. Methods A questionnaire was distributed to 240 patients wi...

  2. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire: Scale development and initial validation of a factor-analytic solution to multiple empathy measures

    OpenAIRE

    Spreng, R. Nathan; Mckinnon, Margaret C.; Mar, Raymond A.; Levine, Brian

    2009-01-01

    In order to formulate a parsimonious tool to assess empathy, we used factor analysis on a combination of self-report measures to examine consensus and developed a brief self-report measure of this common factor. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) represents empathy as a primarily emotional process. In three studies, the TEQ demonstrated strong convergent validity, correlating positively with behavioral measures of social decoding, self-report measures of empathy, and negatively with a me...

  3. Measuring physical activity-related environmental factors: reliability and predictive validity of the European environmental questionnaire ALPHA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oppert Jean-Michel

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A questionnaire to assess physical activity related environmental factors in the European population (a 49-item and an 11-item version was created as part of the framework of the EU-funded project "Instruments for Assessing Levels of PHysical Activity and fitness (ALPHA". This paper reports on the development and assessment of the questionnaire's test-retest stability, predictive validity, and applicability to European adults. Methods The first pilot test was conducted in Belgium, France and the UK. In total 190 adults completed both forms of the ALPHA questionnaire twice with a one-week interval. Physical activity was concurrently measured (i by administration of the long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ by interview and (ii by accelerometry (Actigraph™ device. After adaptations, the second field test took place in Belgium, the UK and Austria; 166 adults completed the adapted questionnaire at two time points, with minimum one-week interval. In both field studies intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC and proportion of agreement were computed to assess the stability of the two test scores. Predictive validity was examined in the first field test by correlating the results of the questionnaires with physical activity data from accelerometry and long IPAQ-last 7 days. Results The reliability scores of the ALPHA questionnaire were moderate-to good in the first field testing (ICC range 0.66 - 0.86 and good in the second field testing (ICC range 0.71 - 0.87. The proportion of agreement for the ALPHA short increased significantly from the first (range 50 - 83% to the second field testing (range 85 - 95%. Environmental scales from both versions of the ALPHA questionnaire were significantly associated with self-reported minutes of transport-related walking, and objectively measured low intensity physical activity levels, particularly in women. Both versions were easily administered with an average completion time of six minutes for the 49-item version and less than two minutes for the short version. Conclusion The ALPHA questionnaire is an instrument to measure environmental perceptions in relation to physical activity. It appears to have good reliability and predictive validity. The questionnaire is now available to other researchers to investigate its usefulness and applicability across Europe.

  4. The postgraduate hospital educational environment measure (PHEEM) questionnaire identifies quality of instruction as a key factor predicting academic achievement

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Joaquim Edson, Vieira.

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the reliability of the PHEEM questionnaire translated into Portuguese. We present the results of PHEEM following distribution to doctors in three different medical residency programs at a university hospital in Brazil. INTRODUCTION: Efforts to understand environmental [...] factors that foster effective learning resulted in the development of a questionnaire to measure medical residents' perceptions of the level of autonomy, teaching quality and social support in their programs. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated using the modified Brislin back-translation technique. Cronbach's alpha test was used to ensure good reliability and ANOVA was used to compare PHEEM results among residents from the Surgery, Anesthesiology and Internal Medicine departments. The Kappa coefficient was used as a measure of agreement, and factor analysis was employed to evaluate the construct strength of the three domains suggested by the original PHEEM questionnaire. RESULTS: The PHEEM survey was completed by 306 medical residents and the resulting Cronbach's alpha was 0.899. The weighted Kappa was showed excellent reliability. Autonomy was rated most highly by Internal Medicine residents (63.7% ± 13.6%). Teaching was rated highest in Anesthesiology (66.7% ± 15.4%). Residents across the three areas had similar perceptions of social support (59.0% ± 13.3% for Surgery; 60.5% ± 13.6% for Internal Medicine; 61.4% ± 14.4% for Anesthesiology). Factor analysis suggested that nine factors explained 58.9% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that PHEEM is a reliable instrument for measuring the quality of medical residency programs at a Brazilian teaching hospital. The results suggest that quality of teaching was the best indicator of overall response to the questionnaire.

  5. The postgraduate hospital educational environment measure (PHEEM questionnaire identifies quality of instruction as a key factor predicting academic achievement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Edson Vieira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the reliability of the PHEEM questionnaire translated into Portuguese. We present the results of PHEEM following distribution to doctors in three different medical residency programs at a university hospital in Brazil. INTRODUCTION: Efforts to understand environmental factors that foster effective learning resulted in the development of a questionnaire to measure medical residents' perceptions of the level of autonomy, teaching quality and social support in their programs. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated using the modified Brislin back-translation technique. Cronbach's alpha test was used to ensure good reliability and ANOVA was used to compare PHEEM results among residents from the Surgery, Anesthesiology and Internal Medicine departments. The Kappa coefficient was used as a measure of agreement, and factor analysis was employed to evaluate the construct strength of the three domains suggested by the original PHEEM questionnaire. RESULTS: The PHEEM survey was completed by 306 medical residents and the resulting Cronbach's alpha was 0.899. The weighted Kappa was showed excellent reliability. Autonomy was rated most highly by Internal Medicine residents (63.7% ± 13.6%. Teaching was rated highest in Anesthesiology (66.7% ± 15.4%. Residents across the three areas had similar perceptions of social support (59.0% ± 13.3% for Surgery; 60.5% ± 13.6% for Internal Medicine; 61.4% ± 14.4% for Anesthesiology. Factor analysis suggested that nine factors explained 58.9% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that PHEEM is a reliable instrument for measuring the quality of medical residency programs at a Brazilian teaching hospital. The results suggest that quality of teaching was the best indicator of overall response to the questionnaire.

  6. Clarification of the factor structure of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire among Japanese adolescents and associated sleep status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Kaneita, Yoshitaka; Osaki, Yoneatsu; Minowa, Masumi; Kanda, Hideyuki; Suzuki, Kenji; Wada, Kiyoshi; Hayashi, Kenji; Tanihata, Takeo; Ohida, Takashi

    2011-06-30

    If the factors affecting the mental health status of adolescents and their association with sleep status could be clarified, this information would be helpful for formulating lifestyle and healthcare guidance for the promotion of healthy growth and the prevention of mental problems in these individuals. The purpose of this study was to clarify (1) the factor structure of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and (2) the associations between the factors extracted from this questionnaire and lifestyle, in particular sleep status, by using a representative sample population of Japanese adolescents. One hundred three thousand sixty hundred fifty self-administered questionnaires were collected from students enrolled in junior high and high schools in Japan. Of these questionnaires, 99,668 were analyzed. Sleep duration, subjective sleep assessment, bedtime, and insomnia symptoms of these students over the past month were studied to investigate sleep status. The factor analyses yielded two factors: depression/anxiety and loss of positive emotion. Sleep duration of less than 7h was found to be associated with both depression/anxiety and loss of positive emotion, whereas sleep duration of 8h or more was associated only with loss of positive emotion. Subjective sleep assessment and insomnia symptoms were associated with both depression/anxiety and loss of positive emotion. It was demonstrated that two underlying factors of mental health status were associated with differences in sleep status. In order to improve the mental health status of adolescents, it is important to provide guidance about sleep and lifestyle habits according to the mental health status of the individual. PMID:21145596

  7. Factor structure of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) among adolescent boys in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Todd; Chen, Hong

    2010-09-01

    There is considerable evidence that mass media portrayals of body image contribute to body dissatisfaction, yet the assessment of perceived media influences has been examined fleetingly in highly populated, non-Western cultures, particularly among young males. This research examined the factor structure of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) among adolescent boys in China. In an initial exploratory factor analysis (N=719), a four factor solution emerged with components reflecting General Pressure-Internalization, Sources of Appearance Information, Pressure-Internalization of an Athletic Ideal, and Pressure to be Thin. Subsequently, confirmatory factor analyses in a new sample (n=749) assessed fits of the derived four factor model, a three factor variant, and alternatives reflecting "Western" and "Malay" SATAQ-3 solutions. The derived four factor solution had the most acceptable structure across several fit indices. Patterns of correlation with other self-report measures also provided preliminary support for the validity of the derived solution. PMID:20800561

  8. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Teaching and Learning Conceptions Questionnaire (TLCQ)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Sami; Yilmaz, Harun

    2011-01-01

    This study examines pre-service teachers' conception about teaching and learning using the perspectives of Traditional Teaching (TT) and Constructivist Teaching (CT). Using the Teaching and Learning Conceptions Questionnaire (TLCQ) by Chan and Elliot (2004), data were collected from 460 pre-service teachers in Turkey through an online…

  9. A Factor Analytic Study of the Attributional Style Questionnaire with Central American Immigrants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asner-Self, Kimberly K.; Schreiber, James B.

    2004-01-01

    The Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ; C. Peterson et al., 1982) has been the subject of some debate challenging its usefulness in research. This study examines the ASQ component structure for Central American immigrants to the United States. Research and cultural implications are discussed.

  10. Cattell’s Personality Factor Questionnaire (CPFQ): Development and Preliminary Study / Cuestionario Factorial Cattell de Personalidad (CFCP): Construcción y Estudio Preliminar / Questionário Fatorial Cattell de Personalidade (QFCP): Construção e Estudo Preliminar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ricardo, Primi; Carla Fernanda, Ferreira-Rodrigues; Lucas de Francisco, Carvalho.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Este estudo teve como objetivos: (a) construir um instrumento para avaliação da personalidade de acordo com o modelo de Cattell que dá base para o 16PF e (b) realizar uma análise empírica da estrutura interna desse instrumento. Participaram 347 pessoas, sendo a maioria do sexo feminino (67,4%), curs [...] ando o ensino superior (62,5%) e com idade variando de 16 a 66 anos (M = 25,69; DP = 8,90). Foram criados 120 itens e realizada uma análise exploratória de fatores principais. Posteriormente, uma análise paralela, uma análise fatorial exploratória por informação completa de variáveis categóricas e análise de consistência interna. Os resultados sugerem que o instrumento é formado por 12 fatores com índices de consistência interna razoáveis. O modelo construído por Cattell ajudou a entender a organização estrutural encontrada para o instrumento, uma vez que há coerência, principalmente em termos mais gerais (fatores globais). Abstract in spanish Las finalidades de este estudio fueron: (a) crear un instrumento de evaluación de la personalidad según el modelo de Cattell que fundamenta el 16PF, y (b) realizar un análisis empírico de la estructura interna del instrumento. 347 personas participaron, en su mayoría mujeres (67,4%), cursando la edu [...] cación superior (62,5%) y entre 16 y 66 años (M = 25,69; DE = 8,90). 120 puntos fueron creados y se realizó un análisis exploratorio de los factores principales, seguido de un análisis paralelo, un análisis factorial exploratorio para las variables categóricas con la información completa y análisis de la consistencia interna. Los resultados sugieren que el instrumento está formado por 12 factores de consistencia interna razonable. El modelo construido por Cattell ayudó a comprender la organización estructural que se encuentra en el instrumento, ya que hay coherencia, especialmente en términos más generales (factores globales). Abstract in english This study was aimed at: (a) developing an instrument for personality assessment according to Cattell’s model, in which the 16PF is based on; and (b) carrying out an empirical analysis of the internal structure of the instrument. Three hundred and forty seven people, mostly female (67.4%), attending [...] higher education (62.5%) and aged between 16 and 66 (M = 25.69; SD = 8.90) participated in the study. One hundred and twenty items were created and an exploratory factor analysis of the main factors was carried out. Then, a parallel analysis, an exploratory full information factor analysis with categorical variables and an internal consistency analysis were performed. The results suggest that the instrument is composed of 12 factors of reasonable internal consistency rates. The model developed by Cattell helped to understand the structural organization found for the instrument, since there is coherency, especially in relation to more general terms (global factors).

  11. Contributing factors to influenza vaccine uptake in general hospitals: an explorative management questionnaire study from the Netherlands

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    Riphagen-Dalhuisen Josien

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The influenza vaccination rate in hospitals among health care workers in Europe remains low. As there is a lack of research about management factors we assessed factors reported by administrators of general hospitals that are associated with the influenza vaccine uptake among health care workers. Methods All 81 general hospitals in the Netherlands were approached to participate in a self-administered questionnaire study. The questionnaire was directed at the hospital administrators. The following factors were addressed: beliefs about the effectiveness of the influenza vaccine, whether the hospital had a written policy on influenza vaccination and how the hospital informed their staff about influenza vaccination. The questionnaire also included questions about mandatory vaccination, whether it was free of charge and how delivered as well as the vaccination campaign costs. The outcome of this one-season survey is the self-reported overall influenza vaccination rate of health care workers. Results In all, 79 of 81 hospitals that were approached were willing to participate and therefore received a questionnaire. Of these, 42 were returned (response rate 52%. Overall influenza vaccination rate among health care workers in our sample was 17.7% (95% confidence interval: 14.6% to 20.8%. Hospitals in which the administrators agreed with positive statements concerning the influenza vaccination had a slightly higher, but non-significant, vaccine uptake. There was a 9% higher vaccine uptake in hospitals that spent more than €1250,- on the vaccination campaign (24.0% versus 15.0%; 95% confidence interval from 0.7% to 17.3%. Conclusions Agreement with positive statements about management factors with regard to influenza vaccination were not associated with the uptake. More economic investments were related with a higher vaccine uptake; the reasons for this should be explored further.

  12. Factors influencing quality of life in Moroccan postmenopausal women with osteoporotic vertebral fracture assessed by ECOS 16 questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Hmamouchi Ihsane; Rostom Samira; Allali Fadoua; Abourazzak Fatima E; Ichchou Linda; El Mansouri Laila; Bennani Loubna; Khazzani Hamza; Abouqal Redouane; Hajjaj-Hassouni Najia

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate factors influencing quality of life (QOL) in Moroccan postmenopausal women with osteoporotic vertebral fracture assessed by the Arabic version of ECOS 16 questionnaire. Methods 357 postmenopausal women were included in this study. The participants underwent bone mineral density (BMD) measurements by DXA of the lumbar spine and the total hip as well as X-ray examination of the thoraco-lumbar spine to identify subclinical vertebral fractur...

  13. Questionnaire Survey on the Occurrence of Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst Farmers in Thika District, Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    Simon Karanja; Gabriel Mbugua; John Kagira; Naomi Maina; Edwin Ogendi; Maina Ngotho

    2013-01-01

    A survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst farmers in Thika District, Kenya. Interviews were conducted in a total of 385 households using a structured questionnaire. The water consumed at household level originated from taps (74.3%), rivers or streams (15.1%), wells (5.4%) and boreholes (5.2%). A number of households (46.8%) consumed water without boiling or applying any form of treatment. All respondents washed vegetables before...

  14. The Otitis Media-6 questionnaire : psychometric properties with emphasis on factor structure and interpretability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heidemann, Christian Hamilton; Godballe, Christian

    2013-01-01

    The Otitis Media-6 questionnaire (OM-6) is the most frequently used instrument to measure health related quality of life in children with otitis media. The main objectives of this study are 1) to translate and cross-culturally adapt the OM-6 into Danish, and 2) to assess important psychometric properties including structural validity and interpretability of the OM-6 in a Danish population of children suffering from otitis media.

  15. Factors contributing to the resilience of middle-adolescents in a South African township: insights from a resilience questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Motlalepule Ruth, Mampane.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Factors that contribute to resilience are key to the positive development of youths, and knowledge of such factors is essential for promoting resilience in schools through both policy and practice. This study reports on the results of an item and factor analysis of the Resilience Questionnaire for M [...] iddle-adolescents in Township Schools (R-MATS) that was used to survey 291 Grade 9 middle-adolescent learners from two black-only township secondary schools. The majority of respondents indicated an overall sense of contending with various stressors, especially the exposure to violence, and academic challenges. Respondents attributed their buoyancy to individual and environmental factors, such as self-confidence, an internal locus of control, a tough personality, commitment, being achievement-oriented, as well as positive identification of and access to social support.

  16. [Transformational and transactional leadership: An analysis of the factor structure of the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) in a Spanish sample].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molero Alonso, Fernando; Recio Saboya, Patricia; Cuadrado Guirado, Isabel

    2010-08-01

    The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) has been one of the most commonly used instruments to assess leadership in organizational settings for the last two decades. However, the factor structure proposed by the MLQ authors has received some criticism. The aim of this work is to examine the fit indices of several alternative factor models suggested by the literature. In order to accomplish this objective, we conducted confirmatory factor analyses in a sample of 954 participants using a Spanish version of the MLQ. Results show that the model that produces the better fit with the data consists of four factors: transformational leadership, developmental/transactional leadership, corrective leadership and avoidant/passive leadership. This model is parsimonious and consistent with the MLQ literature. PMID:20667281

  17. Factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese children Estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Rutter para Professores numa amostra de crianças portuguesas

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Telma Pereira; Berta Rodrigues Maia; Mariana Marques; Sandra Carvalho Bos; Maria João Soares; Ana Gomes; António Macedo; Maria Helena Pinto De Azevedo

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese primary school children. METHOD: The Rutter Teacher Questionnaire, a 26-item scale covering a variety of behavioral problems, was completed by teachers of 877 children, aged 6 to 11 years. Data were subjected to factor analysis using the principal components solution with varimax rotation. RESULTS: The factorial analysis in total sample revealed three factors explaining 38.88% of the total variance. T...

  18. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the "World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire--Brief Version" for Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Susan M.; Chan, Fong; Ferrin, James M.; Lin, Chen-Ping; Chan, Jacob Y. C.

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the factorial structure of the "World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire--Brief Version" in a community sample of Canadians with spinal cord injuries. A confirmatory factor analysis provides evidence that the instrument is a multidimensional measure of quality of life. Additionally, the questionnaire is…

  19. A confirmatory approach to examining the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) : a large scale cohort study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niclasen, Janni; Skovgaard, Anne Mette

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) using a Structural Confirmatory Factor Analytic approach. The Danish translation of the SDQ was distributed to 71,840 parents and teachers of 5-7 and 10-12-year-old boys and girls from four large scale cohorts. Three theoretical models were examined: 1. a model with five first order factors (i.e., hyperactivity/inattention, conduct, emotional, peer problems and prosocial), 2. a model adding two internalising and externalising second order factors to model 1, and 3. a model adding a total difficulties second order factor to model 1. Model fits were evaluated, multi-group analyses were carried out and average variance extracted (AVE) and composite reliability (CR) estimates were examined. In this general population sample, low risk sample models 1 and 2 showed similar good overall fits. Best model fits were found when two positively worded items were allowed to cross load with the prosocial scale, andcross loadings were allowed for among three sets of indicators. The analyses also revealed that model fits were slightly better for teachers than for parents and better for older children than for younger children. No convincing differences were found between boys and girls. Factor loadings were acceptable for all groups, especially for older children rated by teachers. Some emotional, peer, conduct and prosocial subscale problems were revealed for younger children rated by parents. The analyses revealed more internal consistency for older children rated by teachers than for younger children rated by parents. It is recommended that model 1 comprising five first order factors, or alternatively model 2 with additionally two internalising/externalising second order factors, should be used when employing the SDQ in low risk epidemiological samples.

  20. A Confirmatory Approach to Examining the Factor Structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) : A Large Scale Cohort Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niclasen, Janni; Skovgaard, Anne Mette

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) using a Structural Confirmatory Factor Analytic approach. The Danish translation of the SDQ was distributed to 71,840 parents and teachers of 5-7 and 10-12-year-old boys and girls from four large scale cohorts. Three theoretical models were examined: 1. a model with five first order factors (i.e., hyperactivity/inattention, conduct, emotional, peer problems and prosocial), 2. a model adding two internalising and externalising second order factors to model 1, and 3. a model adding a total difficulties second order factor to model 1. Model fits were evaluated, multi-group analyses were carried out and average variance extracted (AVE) and composite reliability (CR) estimates were examined. In this general population sample, low risk sample models 1 and 2 showed similar good overall fits. Best model fits were found when two positively worded items were allowed to cross load with the prosocial scale, andcross loadings were allowed for among three sets of indicators. The analyses also revealed that model fits were slightly better for teachers than for parents and better for older children than for younger children. No convincing differences were found between boys and girls. Factor loadings were acceptable for all groups, especially for older children rated by teachers. Some emotional, peer, conduct and prosocial subscale problems were revealed for younger children rated by parents. The analyses revealed more internal consistency for older children rated by teachers than for younger children rated by parents. It is recommended that model 1 comprising five first order factors, or alternatively model 2 with additionally two internalising/externalising second order factors, should be used when employing the SDQ in low risk epidemiological samples.

  1. Factor analysis and validity of a short six-item version of the Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mo, Carol; Deane, Frank P; Lyons, Geoffrey C B; Kelly, Peter J

    2013-01-01

    Reductions in cravings have been associated with improved recovery from alcohol and other drug use problems. Self-report assessments of cravings provide a way of monitoring progress over the course of treatment particularly in residential settings. There is a need to develop brief craving measures suitable for repeat administration. The aim of the study was to assess the reliability and validity of a six-item version of the Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire (DAQ-6). In study 1 exploratory factor analysis involving 710 participants attending residential treatment revealed two factors: 'expectancy of negative reinforcement' and 'strong desires and intentions'. In study 2 confirmatory factor analysis replicated this factor structure in an independent sample of 116 participants. Both studies provided evidence for convergent and discriminant validity of the DAQ-6 when compared to other measures. The DAQ-6 shows promise as a brief self-report measure of cravings but the utility of the separate subscales in treatment contexts requires further research. PMID:23312874

  2. Avaliação do risco ergonômico em trabalhadores da indústria têxtil por dois instrumentos: quick exposure check e job factors questionnaire / Ergonomic risk assessment in textile industry workers by two instruments: quick exposure check and job factors questionnaire / Evaluación del riesgo ergonómico en trabajadores de la industria textil con dos instrumentos: quick exposure check y job factors questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Luiza Caires, Comper; Rosimeire Simprini, Padula.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A análise dos fatores de risco ergonômicos presentes em indústrias têxteis auxilia no planejamento de estratégias que contribuem para a melhora das condições de trabalho e redução dos distúrbios osteomusculares. Este estudo se propôs a mensurar os níveis de exposição aos fatores de risco ergonômicos [...] em trabalhadores de dois setores de produção de uma indústria têxtil. Para tanto, os instrumentos Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) e o Quick Exposure Check (QEC) foram aplicados em 107 trabalhadores. Os resultados foram analisados por estatística descritiva. O teste de Mann-Whitney foi utilizado para comparação dos resultados obtidos entre os setores de produção. O diagnóstico do nível de exposição ao risco ergonômico, obtido por ambos os instrumentos, foi moderado. Os fatores de risco considerados pelo JFQ como mais criticos estão relacionados à temperatura ambiental; postura mantida em longos períodos de tempo; posturas inadequadas para coluna e continuar trabalhando quando está com alguma dor ou com alguma lesão. O QEC identificou as regiões de coluna lombar e punhos/mãos como expostas ao alto risco. Não houveram diferenças estatisticamente significante entre os setores. Abstract in spanish El análisis de los factores de riesgo ergonómicos presentes en industrias textiles ayuda al planeamiento de estrategias que contribuyen a la mejora de las condiciones de trabajo y reducción de los trastornos osteomusculares. Este estudio se propuso medir los niveles de exposición a los factores de r [...] iesgo ergonómicos en trabajadores de dos sectores de producción de una industria textil. Para ello, los instrumentos Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) y el Quick Exposure Check (QEC) fueron aplicados en 107 trabajadores. Los resultados fueron analizados por estadística descriptiva. El test de Mann-Whitney fue utilizado para comparación de los resultados obtenidos entre los sectores de producción. El diagnóstico del nivel de exposición al riesgo ergonómico, obtenido por ambos instrumentos, fue moderado. Los factores de riesgo considerados por el JFQ como más críticos están relacionados a la temperatura ambiental; postura mantenida en largos períodos de tiempo; posturas inadecuadas para la columna y continuar trabajando cuando tiene algún dolor o con alguna lesión. El QEC identificó las regiones de columna lumbar y muñecas/manos como expuestas a alto riesgo. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los sectores. Abstract in english The analysis of ergonomic risk factors that are present in the textile industry helps to plan strategies that can contribute to the improvement of work conditions and the consequent reduction of musculoskeletal disorders. This study aimed at measuring levels of exposure to ergonomic risk factors amo [...] ng workers of two production sections in a textile factory. For this purpose, the instruments Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) and Quick Exposure Check (QEC) were applied in 107 workers. The results were analyzed through descriptive statistics. We used Mann-Whitney's test to compare the results between the production sections. The level of exposure to ergonomic risks, obtained through both instruments, was moderate. The risk factors considered as being critical by the JFQ are related to environmental temperature, posture maintained over long periods of time, inadequate spinal posture, and to working even when the worker feels pain or sustains injuries. The QEC identified regions of the lumbar spine and wrists/hands as being exposed to high risk. There were no statistically significant differences between the sections.

  3. Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of The Career Development Questionnaire And The Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale For South African High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Bruin, Gideon P.; Bernard-phera, Martha J.

    2002-01-01

    This study investigated the construct validity of the Career Development Questionnaire and the Career Decision- Making Self-Efficacy Scale for Grade 12 students from a low socioeconomic area in South Africa. The results of confirmatory factor analyses provided support for the construct validity of the Career Development Questionnaire and the Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale as measures of career maturity and career decision-making self efficacy respectively.

    O...

  4. Cross-cultural invariance of the factor structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire across Spanish and American college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo; Compton, Michael T; Tone, Erin B; Ortuño-Sierra, Javier; Paino, Mercedes; Fumero, Ascensión; Lemos-Giráldez, Serafín

    2014-12-30

    The main goal of this study was to examine the cross-cultural invariance of the factor structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) (Raine, 1991) in two large samples of Spanish and American young adults. The final sample was made up of 2313 college students (508 men, 22%). Their mean age was 20.5 years (S.D.=3.2). The results indicated that the Stefanis et al. (2004) four-factor model yielded the best goodness-of-fit indices compared to alternative models. Moreover, the results support configural, metric, and partial measurement invariance of the covariances of the SPQ across the two samples. The finding of measurement equivalence across cultures provides essential evidence of construct validity for the schizotypy dimensions and of the cross-cultural validity of SPQ scores. The finding of comparable dimensional structures in cross-cultural samples lends further support to the continuum model of schizotypy and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Future studies should continue to examine the validity of scores on the SPQ and other schizotypy measures and their variation or consistency across cultures. PMID:25632419

  5. Questionnaire Survey on the Occurrence of Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst Farmers in Thika District, Kenya

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Edwin, Ogendi; Naomi, Maina; John, Kagira; Maina, Ngotho; Gabriel, Mbugua; Simon, Karanja.

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english A survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst farmers in Thika District, Kenya. Interviews were conducted in a total of 385 households using a structured questionnaire. The water consumed at household level originated from taps (74.3%), ri [...] vers or streams (15.1%), wells (5.4%) and boreholes (5.2%). A number of households (46.8%) consumed water without boiling or applying any form of treatment. All respondents washed vegetables before cooking, whilst 99.0% washed fruits before eating. Boiled milk was preferred by 99.5% of the farmers. The majority (85.2%) consumed beef more often, whilst 1.6% consumed pork. The majority (98.7%) consumed thoroughly cooked meat. Meat was preserved by 17% of farmers. Only four farmers (1.2%) who practised mixed farming used gloves when handling livestock manure. Five farmers (1.6%) reported the occurrence of abortion in ruminants and pigs on their farms within the last two years before the study. Almost half (44.9%) of the households owned cats, which were kept mainly as pets (79.8%) and for deterring rodents (20.2%). The majority of households (91.3%) fed the cats on leftovers, whilst 8.1% fed cats with raw offal. Sixteen households (9.2%) provided housing for cats. Only five households (2.8%) had litter boxes, but none of the households with litter boxes used gloves when cleaning them out. Disposal of cat faeces was done mainly by women (55.5%). Only one farmer (0.3%) had some knowledge about toxoplasmosis, but was not aware of the transmission mechanism. The study highlights the need for public health education to raise awareness of risk factors for toxoplasmosis.

  6. Repeatability of Maternal Report on Prenatal, Perinatal and Early Postnatal Factors : Findings from the IDEFICS Parental Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, Diana; Suling, Marc

    2011-01-01

    To investigate the repeatability of maternal self-reported prenatal, perinatal and early postnatal factors within the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants) study. Design: Data are from the baseline survey of the longitudinal cohort study IDEFICS in eight European countries. Subjects: A total of 420 parents from eight countries (43–61 per country) were asked to complete the parental questionnaire (PQ) twice at least 1 month apart. Measurements: The PQ assesses prenatal (maternal weight gain), perinatal (child's birth weight and length, Caesarean (C)-section, week of delivery) and early postnatal factors (exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding, introduction of solid food). Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were calculated to compare maternal reports on prenatal, perinatal and early postnatal factors between the first and second PQ. Results: In total, 249 data sets were considered for the analyses. Overall, maternal reports for prenatal and perinatal factors showed higher repeatability (ICC=0.81–1.00, Pless than or equal to0.05 for all) than those for early infant nutrition (ICC=0.33–0.88, Pless than or equal to0.05 for all). Perfect agreement was found for parental reports on C-section (ICCall=1.00, Pless than or equal to0.05). There was stronger agreement for duration of breastfeeding (ICC=0.71, Pless than or equal to0.05) compared with exclusive breastfeeding (ICC=0.33, Pless than or equal to0.05). Maternal reports showed moderate correlation for the introduction of several types of food (cereals ICC=0.64, Pless than or equal to0.05; fruits ICC=0.70, Pless than or equal to0.05; meat ICC=0.83, Pless than or equal to0.05; vegetables ICC=0.75, Pless than or equal to0.05), and high correlation (ICC=0.88, Pless than or equal to0.05) for cow's milk. Conclusion: Maternal reports on pregnancy and birth were highly reproducible, but parental recall of early infant nutrition was weaker and should be interpreted more cautiously.

  7. Psychometric properties of Spanish version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 (Tfeq-Sp) and its relationship with some eating- and body image-related variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jáuregui-Lobera, Ignacio; García-Cruz, Patricia; Carbonero-Carreño, Rocío; Magallares, Alejandro; Ruiz-Prieto, Inmaculada

    2014-12-01

    The aims of this study were to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 (TFEQ-SP), as well as determine its validity by evaluating the relationship of the TFEQ-SP with different parameters related to body mass index, weight perception, perception of physical fitness, self-esteem, and food intake, as well as with weight control-related variables. A total of 281 participants (aged 18.38 ± 6.31) were studied. The factor analysis yielded three factors: cognitive restraint (CR), uncontrolled eating (UE), and emotional eating (EE). The internal consistency of the TFEQ-SP was determined by means of Cronbach's ? coefficient, with values ranging between 0.75 and 0.87. Higher scores on CR were found in women (p overweight/obese participants (p perception of their physical fitness (p perception of physical fitness (p < 0.05). The validation study of the TFEQ-SP meets the requirements for measuring the three different facets of eating behavior: CR, UE, and EE. PMID:25486370

  8. Cuestionario general de salud-12: análisis de factores en población general de Bucaramanga, Colombia General health questionnaire-12: factor analysis in the general population of Bucaramanga, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adalberto Campo Arias

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available ANTECEDENTES: el cuestionario general de salud de doce puntos (GHQ-12 es un instrumento diseñado para cuantificar síntomas emocionales (trastornos mentales comunes en diferentes contextos. Sin embargo, no se conoce la estructura factorial de esta versión en población colombiana. OBJETIVO: conocer la estructura de factores y la mejor forma de puntuación para el GHQ-12 en población general de Bucaramanga, Colombia. MÉTODO: una muestra probabilística de la población general, representada por 2.496 adultos entre 18 y 65 años, diligenció el GHQ-12. Se determinó la consistencia interna y los factores para las formas de puntuación ordinal (0-1-2-3 y binarias (0-0-0-1, 0-0-1-1 y 0-1-1-1. RESULTADOS: la forma ordinal mostró una consistencia interna de 0,779 y dos factores que explicaban 42,5% de la varianza. Por otro lado, la forma binaria 0-1-1-1 presentó una consistencia interna de 0,774; la forma 0-0-1-1, de 0,708; y la forma 0-0-0-1, de 0,360. Las formas binarias 0-1-1-1 y 0-0-1-1 mostraron tres factores responsables de 50,6% y 46,3%, respectivamente. La forma 0-0-0-1 no presentó una aceptable solución factorial. CONCLUSIONES: en Bucaramanga, la forma de puntuación ordinal presenta un mejor comportamiento psicométrico que las binarias. Todas las formas de puntuación muestran alta consistencia interna y aceptable solución factorial, excepto la forma 0-0-0-1 BACKGROUND: The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 was designed to quantify emotional symptoms (common mental disorders in different settings. However, its factor structure is not known in Colombian population. OBJECTIVE: To establish the factor structure and the best form of punctuation for the GHQ-12 in the general population of Bucaramanga, Colombia. METHOD: A probabilistic sample of 2,496 adults from the general population in Bucaramanga, Colombia, completed the GHQ-12. The internal consistency and analysis factor were computed for the ordinal scoring (0-1-2-3 and for binary scoring (0-0-0-1, 0-0-1-1, and 0-1-1-1. RESULTS: The ordinal scoring GHQ-12 presented an internal consistency of 0.779 and two factors that accounted for 42.5% of the variance. In other hand, the scoring way 0-1-1-1 exhibited an internal consistency of 0.774; 0-0-1-1 scoring, of 0.708; 0-0-0-1 scoring, of 0.360. The binary scoring 0-1-1-1 and 0-0-1-1 showed three factors responsible of 50.6% and 46.3% of the variance respectively. The 0-0-0-1 scoring did not present a good factor solution. CONCLUSIONS: Among people from the general populalation the ordinal scoring for the GHQ-12 exhibites better psychometric properties than binary ones. Except the 0-0-0-1 scoring method, reminding scorings present a high internal consistency and aceptable factor solution.

  9. Primary nocturnal enuresis as a risk factor for sleep disorders: an observational questionnaire-based multicenter study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esposito M

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Maria Esposito,1 Beatrice Gallai,2 Lucia Parisi,3 Michele Roccella,3 Rosa Marotta,4 Serena Marianna Lavano,4 Giovanni Mazzotta,5 Marco Carotenuto11Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy; 2Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 3Child Neuropsychiatry, Department of Psychology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; 4Department of Psychiatry, “Magna Graecia” University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; 5Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, AUSL Umbria 2, Terni, ItalyIntroduction: Primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE is a common problem in developmental age with an estimated overall prevalence ranging from 1.6% to 15%, and possible persistence during adolescence. There is a growing interest in the sleep habits of children affected by PNE, which is derived from the contradictory data present in clinical literature. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence of sleep disturbances in a population of children affected by PNE, and to identify whether PNE could be considered as a risk factor for sleep disturbances among children.Materials and methods: A total of 190 PNE children (97 males, 93 females aged 7–15 years, (mean 9.64 ± 1.35 years, and 766 typically developing children matched for age (P = 0.131 and gender (P = 0.963 were enrolled. To evaluate the presence of sleep habits and disturbances, all of the subjects’ mothers filled out the Sleep Disturbances Scale for Children (SDSC, a questionnaire consisting of six subscales: Disorders in Initiating and Maintaining Sleep (DIMS, Sleep Breathing Disorders (SBD, Disorders of Arousal (DA, Sleep–Wake Transition Disorders (SWTD, Disorders of Excessive Somnolence (DOES, and Nocturnal Hyperhidrosis (SHY. The results were divided into “pathological” and “normal” scores using a cut-off value (pathological score = at least three episodes per week, according to the validation criteria of the test. Then, the Chi-square test was used to calculate the statistical difference and a univariate logistic regression analysis was applied to determine the role of PNE as a risk factor for the development of each category of sleep disorders and to calculate the odds ratio (OR.Results: PNE children show a higher prevalence of all sleep disturbances (41.03% DIMS; 85.12% SBD; 63.29% DA; 67.53% SWTD; 31.28% DOES; 37.92% SHY; 25.33% SDSC total score, and according to OR results (SDSC total score OR = 8.293, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 5.079–13.540; DIMS OR = 7.639, 95% CI = 5.192–11.238; SBD OR = 35.633, 95% CI = 22.717–55.893; DA OR = 13.734, 95% CI = 9.476–19.906; SWTD OR = 14.238, 95% CI = 9.829–20.625; DOES OR = 5.602, 95% CI = 3.721–8.432; SHY OR = 6.808, 95% CI = 4.608–10.059, PNE could be considered as a risk factor for the development of sleep disorders.Conclusion: Among PNE children, sleep could be strongly altered, thus helping to affirm the hypothesis that PNE tends to alter sleep architecture, or it could itself be the consequence of an abnormal sleep structure. The findings also point to the existence of a potential increase in the risk of developing sleep disorders in the presence of PNE.Keywords: primary nocturnal enuresis, SDSC, sleep

  10. Measurement Structure of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire-24 in a Sample of Individuals with Musculoskeletal Pain: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Chung-Yi; Jochman, Joseph; Fujikawa, Mayu; Strand, David; Cheing, Gladys; Lee, Gloria; Chan, Fong

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the factorial structure of the "Coping Strategy Questionnaire"-24 (CSQ-24) in a sample of Canadians with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Method: The sample included 171 workers' compensation clients (50.9% men) recruited from outpatient rehabilitation facilities in Canada. Mean age of participants was 42.45 years…

  11. Factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese children / Estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Rutter para Professores numa amostra de crianças portuguesas

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana Telma, Pereira; Berta Rodrigues, Maia; Mariana, Marques; Sandra Carvalho, Bos; Maria João, Soares; Ana, Gomes; António, Macedo; Maria Helena Pinto de, Azevedo.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Analisar a estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Rutter para Professores numa amostra de crianças portuguesas do 1º Ciclo do Ensino Básico. MÉTODO: O questionário, constituído por 26 itens que avaliam problemas do comportamento, foi preenchido pelos professores de 877 crianças (6-11 anos). [...] As respostas foram sujeitas a uma análise fatorial, por meio do método de componentes principais com rotação ortogonal varimax. RESULTADOS: Na amostra total, a estrutura fatorial resultou em três fatores que explicam 38,88% da variância total e que foram denominados: problemas de hiperatividade/conduta (Fator 1), ansiedade/depressão (Fator 2) e vadiagem/furto (Fator 3). A correlação entre os fatores 1 e 3 foi a mais elevada. As pontuações fatoriais foram significativamente mais elevadas nos rapazes do que nas raparigas e apresentaram uma relação inversa com a classe social e com o rendimento escolar. As estruturas fatoriais realizadas separadamente para rapazes e raparigas revelaram grandes similitudes. CONCLUSÕES: Os itens do Factor 1 parecem relacionar-se com o distúrbio hipercinético da conduta proposto pela Classificação Internacional de Doenças-10. Os resultados sugerem que a versão portuguesa do Questionário de Rutter para Professores apresenta parâmetros psicométricos adequados, podendo ser útil na avaliação dos problemas de comportamento das crianças. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To examine the factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese primary school children. METHOD: The Rutter Teacher Questionnaire, a 26-item scale covering a variety of behavioral problems, was completed by teachers of 877 children, aged 6 to 11 years. Data were subjecte [...] d to factor analysis using the principal components solution with varimax rotation. RESULTS: The factorial analysis in total sample revealed three factors explaining 38.88% of the total variance. The factors contained items representing hyperactivity/conduct (Factor 1), anxious/depressive (Factor 2) and truancy/stealing (Factor 3). The highest correlations between factors scores were for Factor 1 and Factor 3. These Factors scores were higher in boys than girls and correlated with lower social class. All three Factors scores correlated with school performance. The comparison between separate factorial structures for the samples of boys and girls revealed a considerable overlap. CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of the items contained on Factor 1 appears to be related with the category of hyperkinetic conduct disorder used by the International Classification of Diseases-10. Results suggest that the Portuguese language version of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire possesses good psychometric properties and may be considered a useful instrument for measuring children's behavior problems.

  12. Factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese children Estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Rutter para Professores numa amostra de crianças portuguesas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Telma Pereira

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To examine the factor structure of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire in Portuguese primary school children. METHOD: The Rutter Teacher Questionnaire, a 26-item scale covering a variety of behavioral problems, was completed by teachers of 877 children, aged 6 to 11 years. Data were subjected to factor analysis using the principal components solution with varimax rotation. RESULTS: The factorial analysis in total sample revealed three factors explaining 38.88% of the total variance. The factors contained items representing hyperactivity/conduct (Factor 1, anxious/depressive (Factor 2 and truancy/stealing (Factor 3. The highest correlations between factors scores were for Factor 1 and Factor 3. These Factors scores were higher in boys than girls and correlated with lower social class. All three Factors scores correlated with school performance. The comparison between separate factorial structures for the samples of boys and girls revealed a considerable overlap. CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of the items contained on Factor 1 appears to be related with the category of hyperkinetic conduct disorder used by the International Classification of Diseases-10. Results suggest that the Portuguese language version of the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire possesses good psychometric properties and may be considered a useful instrument for measuring children's behavior problems.OBJETIVO: Analisar a estrutura fatorial do Questionário de Rutter para Professores numa amostra de crianças portuguesas do 1º Ciclo do Ensino Básico. MÉTODO: O questionário, constituído por 26 itens que avaliam problemas do comportamento, foi preenchido pelos professores de 877 crianças (6-11 anos. As respostas foram sujeitas a uma análise fatorial, por meio do método de componentes principais com rotação ortogonal varimax. RESULTADOS: Na amostra total, a estrutura fatorial resultou em três fatores que explicam 38,88% da variância total e que foram denominados: problemas de hiperatividade/conduta (Fator 1, ansiedade/depressão (Fator 2 e vadiagem/furto (Fator 3. A correlação entre os fatores 1 e 3 foi a mais elevada. As pontuações fatoriais foram significativamente mais elevadas nos rapazes do que nas raparigas e apresentaram uma relação inversa com a classe social e com o rendimento escolar. As estruturas fatoriais realizadas separadamente para rapazes e raparigas revelaram grandes similitudes. CONCLUSÕES: Os itens do Factor 1 parecem relacionar-se com o distúrbio hipercinético da conduta proposto pela Classificação Internacional de Doenças-10. Os resultados sugerem que a versão portuguesa do Questionário de Rutter para Professores apresenta parâmetros psicométricos adequados, podendo ser útil na avaliação dos problemas de comportamento das crianças.

  13. Factor structure of a French version of the eating disorder examination-questionnaire among women with and without binge eating disorder symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrard, Isabelle; Lien Rebetez, Marie My; Mobbs, Olivia; Van der Linden, Martial

    2015-03-01

    The Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is a self-report questionnaire that is widely used to investigate the core features of eating disorders. The EDE-Q is derived from the Eating Disorder Examination, a semi-structured interview considered as the "gold standard" in the assessment of eating disorders. To verify the factor structure of both instruments, originally composed of four subscales, factor analyses have been conducted with various samples. Heterogeneous results were found. Because no study had investigated the factor structure of the EDE-Q in individuals with binge eating disorder, the goal of our study was to fill this gap. We started with a review of the studies on the EDE and EDE-Q factor structure to decide which models to compare. Among 21 studies that were identified, three models had been replicated several times. We compared these three models-a 22-item, 3-factor model, a brief 7-item, 3-factor model and a brief 8-item, 1-factor model-in two samples of participants, one with threshold and subthreshold criteria for binge eating disorder (N = 116) and one without eating disorders (N = 161). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a good fit for the brief 7-item, 3-factor model for both populations, whereas other solutions were not acceptable. Cronbach's alpha coefficients of the three factors were acceptable to good, ranging between 0.714 and 0.953. The group with binge eating disorder symptoms had significantly higher scores for each factor. This brief 7-item instrument might be useful for screening or short interventions. PMID:25194301

  14. A Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 among English- and Spanish-speaking Latinas

    OpenAIRE

    Merz, Erin L.; Malcarne, Vanessa L.; Roesch, Scott C.; Riley, Natasha; Sadler, Georgia Robins

    2011-01-01

    Depression is a significant problem for ethnic minorities that remains understudied partly due to a lack of strong measures with established psychometric properties. One screening tool, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), which was developed for use in primary care has also gained popularity in research settings. The reliability and validity of the PHQ-9 has been well established among predominantly Caucasian samples, in addition to many minority groups. However, there is little evide...

  15. The factor structure of the Turkish version of the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R in patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brzoska Patrick

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R has been used extensively in the study of illness perceptions across different populations. Only few confirmatory factor analytic (CFA studies of the questionnaire are available. This study examines the construct and discriminant validity of the Turkish IPQ-R in patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease focusing on the hypothesized seven dimensions of personal controllability, treatment controllability, timeline acute/chronic, timeline cyclical, coherence, consequences and emotional representations. Methods 302 patients (60.6% women with a medically confirmed diagnosis of diabetes or cardiovascular disease and a mean age of 53.9?years were recruited from out-patient clinics in Turkey and surveyed by means of standardized interviews. Direct maximum likelihood confirmatory factor analysis was conducted. Results Several areas of ill-fit were identified in the original measurement model of the IPQ-R. Four items (items 17, 19, 20, and 31 were deleted because of poor factor loadings. Also, two error covariances (between items 33 and 34 and between items 7 and 8 were added and item 6 respecified to obtain a good model fit. The modified 34-item model showed good reliability and discriminant validity. Conclusion In accordance with studies on other language adaptations of the questionnaire, we identified certain items of the IPQ-R as potential sources of poor model fit. Their inclusion should be reconsidered in future applications of the questionnaire and researchers should examine whether our reduced set of items is stable across different populations. Our modified 34-item model showed a good reliability and discriminant validity and hence could be a valuable instrument in the assessment of illness perceptions in the Turkish health care setting, provided that the model is confirmed in subsequent research.

  16. Adaptação portuguesa do questionário de coparentalidade: análise fatorial confirmatória e estudos de validade e fiabilidade / Portuguese adaptation of the coparenting questionnaire: confirmatory factor analysis, validity and reliability

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marta Figueiredo, Pedro; Maria Teresa, Ribeiro.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo adaptar e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas, a validade e a fiabilidade da versão portuguesa do Coparenting Questionnaire (Margolin, Gordis, & John, 2001). O Coparenting Questionnaire é composto por 14 itens organizados em três subescalas: Cooperação, Triangulação [...] e Conflito. O estudo foi realizado com uma amostra de 1133 indivíduos (530 pais e 603 mães), com filhos pré-adolescentes. A validade fatorial foi testada através da análise fatorial confirmatória. Os resultados replicam a estrutura da versão original composta por três fatores: Cooperação, Triangulação e Conflito. Os valores dos índices de ajustamento revelam uma boa qualidade de ajustamento do modelo aos dados, para pais (CFI = 0,94, RMSEA = 0,06, SRMR = 0,05) e mães (CFI = 0,96, RMSEA = 0,06, SRMR = 0,05). A escala apresenta coeficientes de consistência interna entre o aceitável e o elevado (0,71 Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to adapt and examine the psychometric properties, validity and reliability of the Portuguese version of the Coparenting Questionnaire (Margolin, Gordis, & John, 2001). The Coparenting Questionnaire includes 14 itens organized in 3 subscales: Cooperation, Triangulation a [...] nd Conflict. Data were collected from 1,133 participants (530 fathers and 603 mothers) with preadolescent children. Factorial validity was tested through confirmatory factor analysis. The results replicated the original three-factor structure: Cooperation, Triangulation and Conflict. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good fit of the model for fathers (CFI = .94, RMSEA = .06, SRMR = .05) and for mothers (CFI = .96, RMSEA = .06, SRMR = .05). The instrument presents Cronbach's alpha coefficients between acceptable and good (.71

  17. Psychometric validation of the obsessive belief questionnaire and interpretation of intrusions inventory--Part 2: Factor analyses and testing of a brief version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-11-01

    The Obsessive Belief Questionnaire (OBQ) and the Interpretation of Intrusions Inventory (III) were designed to assess beliefs and appraisals considered critical to the pathogenesis of obsessions. In previous reports we have described the construction and psychometric properties of these measures. In this study a battery of questionnaires assessing anxiety, depression, and obsessive compulsive symptoms was completed by 410 outpatients diagnosed with obsessive compulsive disorder, 105 non-obsessional anxious patients, 87 non-clinical adults from the community, and 291 undergraduate students. Items from 6 theoretically derived subscales of the OBQ were submitted to factor analysis. Three factors emerged reflecting (1) Responsibility and threat estimation, (2) Perfectionism and intolerance for uncertainty, and (3) Importance and control of thoughts. A 44-item version (OBQ-44) composed of high-loading items from the 3 factors showed good internal consistency and criterion-related validity in clinical and non-clinical samples. Subscales showed less overlap than original scales. Factor analysis of the III yielded a single factor, suggesting the total score be used in lieu of the 3 rationally derived subscales. The scales performed well on tests of convergent validity. Discriminant validity was promising; hierarchical regression analyses indicated that the OBQ subscales and III generally predicted OC symptoms after controlling for general distress. A revision of the OBQ, the OBQ-44, is included in the appendix PMID:16299894

  18. Complaints of the arm, neck and shoulder among computer office workers in Sudan: a prevalence study with validation of an Arabic risk factors questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Amar A

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Complaints of the arm, neck and/or shoulders (CANS in general and computer-related disorders in particular affect millions of computer office workers in Western developed countries. However, with the widespread use of computer systems in developing countries, the associated musculoskeletal complaints are yet to be investigated. Aim To study the prevalence of work-related CANS, among computer office workers in Sudan, and to test the psychometric properties of a translated Dutch questionnaire in Arabic language. Methods In 2005 282 computer office workers at a mobile telecommunication company and three banks in Khartoum, Sudan, received an Arabic language version of the validated Maastricht upper extremity questionnaire (MUEQ. The questionnaire holds 109 items covering demographic characteristics, in addition to six main domains (i.e. work station, body posture, break time, job control, job demands and social support assessing potential physical and psychosocial risk factors. Forward/backward translation of the MUQE was done independently by two different translators. Prevalence over the past year were computed for CANS. Further, the psychometric properties of the Arabic questionnaire were investigated (i.e. factor structure and reliability and cross-validation was carried out. Results The response rate of the questionnaire was 88% (n = 250. The one-year prevalence of CANS showed that 53% of the respondents could be classified as mild cases. The highest incidences were found for neck and shoulder symptoms (64% and 41% respectively. The analysis of the psychometric properties of the scale resulted in the identification of 2 factors for each of the 6 domains (i.e. office equipment, computer position, head and body posture, awkward body posture, autonomy, quality of break time, skill discretion, decision authority, time pressure, task complexity, social support, and work flow. The calculation of internal consistency and cross validation provided evidence of reliability and lack of redundancy of items. Conclusion The prevalence of CANS among the targeted population seems to correspond strongly with prevalence of CANS in Western developed countries. The Arabic translation of the MUEQ has satisfactory psychometric properties to be used to assess work-related risk factors for the development of CANS among computer office workers in Sudan.

  19. A study of risk factors for infection with HPAI H5N1 in small poultry farms in Thailand using a questionnaire survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siengsanan-Lamont, J; Robertson, I D; Blacksell, S D; Ellis, T; Saengchoowong, S; Suwanpukdee, S; Yongyuttawichai, P; Cheewajorn, K; Jangjaras, J; Chaichoun, K; Wiriyarat, W; Ratanakorn, P

    2013-05-01

    A questionnaire was used to collect data on small poultry farm management and wild bird observed in poultry keeping areas to identify putative risk factors for infection with HPAI H5N1. The study was conducted in 2008 in four subdistricts of central Thailand that had experienced outbreaks of HPAI H5N1 in poultry. Descriptive and inferential analyses including univariable analyses and multivariable logistic regression were used to identify putative risk factors. Risk factors included purchasing native chickens/fighting cocks from commercial hatcheries, replacing or restocking birds individually, and observing lesser whistling ducks (Dendrocygna javanica) on the farm daily. Selecting healthy animals when purchasing animals to ensure that they were disease free was a protective factor. To fully understand the epidemiology of infection of small poultry farms with HPAI H5N1, control of movement of domestic poultry and serological and virological testing of the poultry population should be applied. PMID:22835016

  20. A General Factor of Personality (GFP) in the personality disorders: three studies of the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology - Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rushton, J Philippe; Irwing, Paul; Booth, Tom

    2010-08-01

    We used structural equation modeling to test the hypothesis that a General Factor of Personality (GFP) occupies the apex of the hierarchy of personality disorders in three validation samples of the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology - Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ). In a general population sample (N = 942), we found a GFP explained 34% of the variance in four first-order factors and 33% of the variance in all 18 scales. In a twin sample (N = 1,346), a GFP explained 35% of the variance in four first-order factors and 34% of the variance in all 18 scales. In a clinical sample (N = 656), a GFP explained 34% of the variance in four first-order factors and 30% of the variance in all 18 scales. PMID:20707700

  1. Influence factors of risk perception of radiation and its background. Questionnaire survey for reclamation project in the uranium mine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To obtain public understanding on the uranium mining sites reclamation at Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, it is necessary to conduct appropriate Risk Communication (RC). In this study, to discuss the appropriate Risk communication method on the uranium mining sites reclamation, we conducted questionnaire survey and text analysis. The results of the text analysis are as follows: (1) The main elements of the concern of radiation are the uneasiness to oncogenesis or a health effect. (2) The trusts for technology or scientists are the main elements of the reliance for the standard of radiation, in the group which shows low-sense of ownership, hatred for radioactive ray has a strong impact relatively. (author)

  2. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Baby Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and associations with infant weight, gender and feeding mode in an Australian sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallan, Kimberley M; Daniels, Lynne A; de Jersey, Susan J

    2014-11-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the factor structure of the Baby Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (BEBQ) in an Australian community sample of mother-infant dyads. A secondary aim was to explore the relationship between the BEBQ subscales and infant gender, weight and current feeding mode. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) utilising structural equation modelling examined the hypothesised four-factor model of the BEBQ. Only mothers (N=467) who completed all items on the BEBQ (infant age: M=17 weeks, SD= weeks) were included in the analysis. The original four-factor model did not provide an acceptable fit to the data due to poor performance of the Satiety responsiveness factor. Removal of this factor (three items) resulted in a well-fitting three-factor model. Cronbach's ? was acceptable for the Enjoyment of food (?=0.73), Food responsiveness (?=0.78) and Slowness in eating (?=0.68) subscales but low for the Satiety responsiveness (?=0.56) subscale. Enjoyment of food was associated with higher infant weight whereas Slowness in eating and Satiety responsiveness were both associated with lower infant weight. Differences on all four subscales as a function of feeding mode were observed. This study is the first to use CFA to evaluate the hypothesised factor structure of the BEBQ. Findings support further development work on the Satiety responsiveness subscale in particular, but confirm the utility of the Enjoyment of food, Food responsiveness and Slowness in eating subscales. PMID:25009080

  3. Micro-level economic factors and incentives in Children’s energy balance related behaviours - findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, JØrgen Dejgård; Bere, Elling

    2012-01-01

    Background: To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12 year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children's soft drink consumption and correlates of this price sensitivity. Methods: Data for the study originate from a cross-sectional survey undertaken in seven European countries (Belgium, Greece, Hungary, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia and Spain) in 2010 among 10-12 year-old school children and their parents. In total, 7234 child questionnaires and 6002 parent questionnaires were completed. The child questionnaire included questions addressing self-reported weekly intake of soft drinks and fruit juices and time spent on sports activities, perception of parental support for sports activities, use of pocket money for soft drinks and perceived price responsiveness. Parent questionnaires included questions addressing the role of budget and price considerations in decisions regarding children’s sports activities, soft drink consumption, home practices and rules and socio-demographic background variables. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression and discrete-choice (ordered probit) modelling. Results: Economic factors were found to be associated with children’s sports participation and sugary drink consumption, explaining 27% of the variation in time for sports activities, and 27% and 12% of the variation in the children's soft drink and juice consumption, respectively. Parents' financial support was found to be an important correlate (Beta =0.4159) of children's sports activities. Children's pocket money was a strong correlate (Beta =21.034) of soft drink consumption. The majority of the responding children reported to expect that significantly higher prices of soft drinks would lead them to buy less soft drinks with their own pocket money, but a majority of parents doid not expect higher soft drink prices to reduce their children’s soft drink consumption. Conclusions: We conclude that economic factors, especially parents’ financial support and amount of pocket money, appear to be of importance for children’s sports participation and soft drink consumption, respectively.

  4. Micro-level economic factors and incentives in Children’s energy balance related behaviours - findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jensen Jørgen

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12?year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children’s soft drink consumption and correlates of this price sensitivity. Methods Data for the study originate from a cross-sectional survey undertaken in seven European countries (Belgium, Greece, Hungary, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia and Spain in 2010 among 10-12?year-old school children and their parents. In total, 7234 child questionnaires and 6002 parent questionnaires were completed. The child questionnaire included questions addressing self-reported weekly intake of soft drinks and fruit juices and time spent on sports activities, perception of parental support for sports activities, use of pocket money for soft drinks and perceived price responsiveness. Parent questionnaires included questions addressing the role of budget and price considerations in decisions regarding children’s sports activities, soft drink consumption, home practices and rules and socio-demographic background variables. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression and discrete-choice (ordered probit modelling. Results Economic factors were found to be associated with children’s sports participation and sugary drink consumption, explaining 27% of the variation in time for sports activities, and 27% and 12% of the variation in the children’s soft drink and juice consumption, respectively. Parents’ financial support was found to be an important correlate (Beta =0.419 of children’s sports activities. Children’s pocket money was a strong correlate (Beta =21.034 of soft drink consumption. The majority of the responding children reported to expect that significantly higher prices of soft drinks would lead them to buy less soft drinks with their own pocket money, but a majority of parents did not expect higher soft drink prices to reduce their children’s soft drink consumption. Conclusions We conclude that economic factors, especially parents’ financial support and amount of pocket money, appear to be of importance for children’s sports participation and soft drink consumption, respectively.

  5. Reassessment of the Psychometric Characteristics and Factor Structure of the ‘Perceived Stress Questionnaire’ (PSQ): Analysis in a Sample of Dental Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montero-Marin, Jesús; Piva Demarzo, Marcelo Marcos; Pereira, Joao Paulo; Olea, Marina; García-Campayo, Javier

    2014-01-01

    Background The training to become a dentist can create psychological distress. The present study evaluates the structure of the ‘Perceived Stress Questionnaire’ (PSQ), its internal consistency model and interrelatedness with burnout, anxiety, depression and resilience among dental students. Methods The study employed a cross-sectional design. A sample of Spanish dental students (n?=?314) completed the PSQ, the ‘Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scale’ (GADS), ‘Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale’ (10-item CD-RISC) and ‘Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey’ (MBI-SS). The structure was estimated using Parallel Analysis from polychoric correlations. Unweighted Least Squares was the method for factor extraction, using the Item Response Theory to evaluate the discriminative power of items. Internal consistency was assessed by squaring the correlation between the latent true variable and the observed variable. The relationships between the PSQ and the other constructs were analysed using Spearman’s coefficient. Results The results showed a PSQ structure through two sub-factors (‘frustration’ and ‘tenseness’) with regard to one general factor (‘perceived stress’). Items that did not satisfy discriminative capacity were rejected. The model fit were acceptable (GFI?=?0.98; RSMR?=?0.06; AGFI?=?0.98; NFI?=?0.98; RFI?=?0.98). All the factors showed adequate internal consistency as measured by the congeneric model (?0.91). High and significant associations were observed between perceived stress and burnout, anxiety, depression and resilience. Conclusions The PSQ showed a hierarchical bi-factor structure among Spanish dental students. Using the questionnaire as a uni-dimensional scale may be useful in perceived stress level discrimination, while the sub-factors could help us to refine perceived stress analysis and improve therapeutic processes. PMID:24466330

  6. VALIDEZ DE UN INSTRUMENTO MULTIDIMESIONAL PARA MEDIR FACTORES DE RIESGO ASOCIADOS A TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA EN PÚBERES MEXICANOS VALIDITY OF A MULTIDIMENSIONAL QUESTIONNAIRE TO MEASURE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED TO EATING DISORDERS IN MEXICAN PUBESCENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresita de Jesús Saucedo-Molina

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: obtener la validez y consistencia interna de un cuestionario para púberes mexicanos, hombres y mujeres, que evalúe factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. Sujetos y método: El cuestionario se aplicó a una muestra no probabilística, de púberes estudiantes de la ciudad de México (504 hombres y 511 mujeres, con edades de 11 a 15 años de edad, con una media de 12,13. Se realizó un análisis de consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach y un análisis factorial de componentes principales con rotación oblimin por el método de máxima verosimilitud. Resultados: Ambos instrumentos arrojaron 5 factores, con una buena consistencia interna, alcanzando un valor total de alpha de Cronbach de 0,75 para hombres (55,6% de varianza explicada y 0,83 para mujeres (57,6% de varianza explicada. Conclusión: El instrumento resultó válido en hombres y mujeres, para medir factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos alimentarios, principalmente socioculturales, conductas alimentarias y desarrollo puberal.Objective: To obtain the validity and internal consistency of a questionnaire for the screening of risk factors associated to eating disorders in Mexican pubescent males and females. Subjects and methods: The questionnaire was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 504 males and 511 female students in México City from 11 to 15 years of age with a median of 12,13. Statistical methods included internal consistency analysis (Cronbach's alpha and principal components factor analysis with oblimin rotation. Results: Both instruments obtained five-factors structure, showed a good total Cronbach's alpha score: males 0,75 (55,6 %, and females 0,83 (57,6% of the total explained variance. Males displayed a normal eating behavior factor, while for females a restrictive dieting factor was obtained. Conclusions: This questionnaire is a valid measure in pubescent boys and girls for assessing risk factors associated with eating disorders, in particular socio-cultural factors, eating behaviors and pubertal development.

  7. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ - Portuguese version / Análise confirmatória do Questionário de Satisfação do Atleta - versão Portuguesa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla M. Chicau Borrego

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ, developed by Riemer and Chelladurai (1998, through confirmatory factor analysis since cultural and language characteristics can affect the applicability and the interpretation of the multidimensional Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire. The ASQ has 14 dimensions, with 54 items to evaluate the athletes' satisfaction with their sports experience. The model was tested with a sample of 527 athletes (basketball, handball, soccer and volleyball players from national and regional championships in Portugal. All factors have good internal reliability coefficients, with Cronbach alpha values ranging from a=0.70 to a =0.94. The results of confirmatory analysis, (robust TLI/NNFI=0.93, CFI=0.93, IFI=0.93, RMSEA=0.042 (0.039 – 0.044 and SRMR=0.05 show that the model has good fit indexes, which express its quality. Therefore, this study points out that the evaluation of athletes satisfaction in different facets which are considered relevant to their sports experience through the use of the ASQ Portuguese version is valid and reliable.

  8. Cuestionarios sobre factores de riesgo de la exposición y la accidentalidad por tráfico en conductores: Una revisión / A review of questionnaires exploring driver´s exposure and risk factors in road crashes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    E., Jiménez Mejías; P., Lardelli; C., Amezcua; J.J., Jiménez Moleón.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Dada la diversidad de cuestionarios empleados en el estudio de la epidemiología analítica de las lesiones por tráfico, realizamos una revisión de los estudios publicados al respecto entre 1989 a 2011, con objeto de identificar sus fortalezas y debilidades. Dicha revisión puso de relieve que la mayor [...] parte de los cuestionarios se centran en el factor humano sobre el riesgo de accidente, pero son muy pocos los que incluyen la intensidad de exposición y la asociación de ésta con otros factores de riesgo de la accidentalidad. Muchos cuestionarios poseen un elevado número de ítems y complejas escalas de valoración. Además, en España son escasos los cuestionarios validados sobre la exposición y la accidentalidad por tráfico. Por todo ello, es necesario trabajar en el diseño y la validación de cuestionarios que recojan de forma sencilla información integral sobre la epidemiología de las lesiones por tráfico de cara a su mayor conocimiento y prevención. Abstract in english Given the diversity of questionnaires currently being used in the study of the analytic epidemiology of traffic injuries, we made a review of studies on this question published between 1989 and 2011 in order to identify their advantages and disadvantages. We were able to observe that most of the que [...] stionnaires were focused on the human factor regarding the risk of road crashes, but very few of them included intensity of exposure and its association with other risk factors in road crashes. Many questionnaires have a high number of items and complex rating scales. Furthermore, in Spain there are few validated questionnaires which contain complete information about exposure and road crashes. In Spain we should work on the design and validation of questionnaires containing questions aimed at obtaining complete and easy information about the epidemiology of traffic injuries. In this way we would be able to increase our awareness of traffic injuries and how to prevent them.

  9. Análise confirmatória do Questionário de Satisfação do Atleta: versão Portuguesa Confirmatory factor analysis of the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ: Portuguese version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla M. Chicau Borrego

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available O objectivo do estudo foi examinar as propriedades psicométrica da versão Portuguesa do Questionário de Satisfação do Atleta ([QSA/Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire - ASQ], Riemer & Chelladurai, 1998, através da análise factorial confirmatória, uma vez que as características culturais e de idioma podem afectar a aplicação e interpretação do questionário. O QSA possui 14 dimensões, com 54 itens e visa avaliar a satisfação do atleta com a sua experiência desportiva. O modelo foi testado com uma amostra de 527 atletas de diferentes modalidades: basquetebol, andebol, futebol e voleibol, dos campeonatos nacionais e regionais de Portugal. Todos os factores apresentam elevados coeficientes de consistência interna, com valores de alpha de Cronbach entre a=0,70 e a =0,94. De uma forma geral os valores dos indicadores globais de ajustamento do modelo observado, resultantes da análise factorial confirmatória (robustos TLI/NNFI=0,93, CFI=0,93 e do IFI=0,93, RMSEA=0,042 (0,039 - 0,044 e o índice SRMR=0,05 expressam a sua qualidade. Assim, os resultados sugerem que a avaliação da satisfação do atleta nas diversas facetas consideradas relevantes para a sua experiencia desportiva, parece poder ser realizada em futuras pesquisas, através da utilização do ASQ versão portuguesaThe purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ, developed by Riemer and Chelladurai (1998, through confirmatory factor analysis since cultural and language characteristics can affect the applicability and the interpretation of the multidimensional Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire. The ASQ has 14 dimensions, with 54 items to evaluate the athletes' satisfaction with their sports experience. The model was tested with a sample of 527 athletes (basketball, handball, soccer and volleyball players from national and regional championships in Portugal. All factors have good internal reliability coefficients, with Cronbach alpha values ranging from a=0.70 to a =0.94. The results of confirmatory analysis, (robust TLI/NNFI=0.93, CFI=0.93, IFI=0.93, RMSEA=0.042 (0.039 - 0.044 and SRMR=0.05 show that the model has good fit indexes, which express its quality. Therefore, this study points out that the evaluation of athletes satisfaction in different facets which are considered relevant to their sports experience through the use of the ASQ Portuguese version is valid and reliable.

  10. Análise confirmatória do Questionário de Satisfação do Atleta: versão Portuguesa / Confirmatory factor analysis of the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ): Portuguese version

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carla M. Chicau, Borrego; José Carlos, Leitão; José, Alves; Carlos, Silva; Joan, Palmi.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available O objectivo do estudo foi examinar as propriedades psicométrica da versão Portuguesa do Questionário de Satisfação do Atleta ([QSA/Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire - ASQ], Riemer & Chelladurai, 1998), através da análise factorial confirmatória, uma vez que as características culturais e de idioma [...] podem afectar a aplicação e interpretação do questionário. O QSA possui 14 dimensões, com 54 itens e visa avaliar a satisfação do atleta com a sua experiência desportiva. O modelo foi testado com uma amostra de 527 atletas de diferentes modalidades: basquetebol, andebol, futebol e voleibol, dos campeonatos nacionais e regionais de Portugal. Todos os factores apresentam elevados coeficientes de consistência interna, com valores de alpha de Cronbach entre a=0,70 e a =0,94. De uma forma geral os valores dos indicadores globais de ajustamento do modelo observado, resultantes da análise factorial confirmatória (robustos TLI/NNFI=0,93, CFI=0,93 e do IFI=0,93, RMSEA=0,042 (0,039 - 0,044 e o índice SRMR=0,05) expressam a sua qualidade. Assim, os resultados sugerem que a avaliação da satisfação do atleta nas diversas facetas consideradas relevantes para a sua experiencia desportiva, parece poder ser realizada em futuras pesquisas, através da utilização do ASQ versão portuguesa Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ), developed by Riemer and Chelladurai (1998), through confirmatory factor analysis since cultural and language characteristics can affect the applicability an [...] d the interpretation of the multidimensional Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire. The ASQ has 14 dimensions, with 54 items to evaluate the athletes' satisfaction with their sports experience. The model was tested with a sample of 527 athletes (basketball, handball, soccer and volleyball players) from national and regional championships in Portugal. All factors have good internal reliability coefficients, with Cronbach alpha values ranging from a=0.70 to a =0.94. The results of confirmatory analysis, (robust TLI/NNFI=0.93, CFI=0.93, IFI=0.93, RMSEA=0.042 (0.039 - 0.044) and SRMR=0.05) show that the model has good fit indexes, which express its quality. Therefore, this study points out that the evaluation of athletes satisfaction in different facets which are considered relevant to their sports experience through the use of the ASQ Portuguese version is valid and reliable.

  11. Domains of disgust sensitivity: revisited factor structure of the questionnaire for the assessment of disgust sensitivity (QADS in a cross-sectional, representative german survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brähler Elmar

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Disgust sensitivity is defined as a predisposition to experiencing disgust, which can be measured on the basis of the Disgust Scale and its German version, the Questionnaire for the Assessment of Disgust Sensitivity (QADS. In various studies, different factor structures were reported for either instrument. The differences may most likely be due to the selected factor analysis estimation methods and the small non-representative samples. Consequently, the aims of this study were to explore and confirm a theory-driven and statistically coherent QADS factor structure in a large representative sample and to present its standard values. Methods The QADS was answered by N = 2473 healthy subjects. The respective households and participants were selected using the random-route sampling method. Afterwards, the collected sample was compared to the information from the Federal Statistical Office to ensure that it was representative for the German residential population. With these data, an exploratory Promax-rotated Principal Axis Factor Analysis as well as comparative confirmatory factor analyses with robust Maximum Likelihood estimations were computed. Any possible socio-demographic influences were quantified as effect sizes. Results The data-driven and theoretically sound solution with the three highly interrelated factors Animal Reminder Disgust, Core Disgust, and Contamination Disgust led to a moderate model fit. All QADS scales had very good reliabilities (Cronbach's alpha from .90 to .95. There were no age-differences found among the participants, however, the female participants showed remarkably higher disgust ratings. Conclusions Based on the representative sample, the QADS factor structure was revised. Gender-specific standard percentages permit a population-based assessment of individual disgust sensitivity. The differences of the original QADS, the new solution, and the Disgust Scale - Revised will be discussed.

  12. Factor structure of the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire and its relationship with the revised NEO personality inventory in a Japanese sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maruta, Toshimasa; Yamate, Taketo; Iimori, Makio; Kato, Masaaki; Livesley, W John

    2006-01-01

    The Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology, Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ) was developed to assess 18 personality traits that provide a systematic representation of personality disorder. This study investigates the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the DAPP-BQ and the relationship between the DAPP-BQ and Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) in a heterogeneous general population sample (n = 1485). Internal consistency (coefficient alpha) and test-retest reliability over a 3-week period was satisfactory for all scales. Factor analysis yielded 4 factors labeled "emotional dysregulation," "dissocial behavior," "inhibition," and "compulsivity" that accounted for 76.0% of the total variance. Subsequently, we investigated the relationships between the 18 dimensions and the 5 dimensions of the NEO-PI-R in a second heterogeneous general population sample (n = 717). Combined factor analysis of the 2 scales again yielded 4 factors accounting for 70.4% of the total variance. Finally, we used multiple regression analyses to examine the extent to which the 5 NEO-PI-R scales could be used to predict individual DAPP-BQ scales. These indicated that the NEO-PI-R does not have content that covers some DAPP-BQ dimensions, especially conduct problems, narcissism, and stimulus seeking. PMID:17067879

  13. Validación del cuestionario Pro Children Project para evaluar factores psicosociales del consumo de fruta y verdura en México / Validity of Pro Children Project questionnaire for assessing psychosocial factors of fruit and vegetable intake in Mexico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gerardo, Ochoa-Meza; Juan C, Sierra; Carmen, Pérez-Rodrigo; Javier, Aranceta-Bartrina.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Determinar la validez de contenido y de constructo de la versión mexicana del cuestionario Pro Children Project para evaluar factores psicosociales, asociados con el consumo de fruta y verdura en muestras de niños escolares de 10 a 12 años. Material y métodos. Cuestionario de 87 reactivos, [...] aplicado en un estudio instrumental, realizado en 2011 a 2084 niños en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México. Resultados. El acuerdo entre expertos fue bueno (Kappa=0.69) y muy bueno entre niños (kappa=0.93). Siete factores explican el 37.87% de la varianza en fruta y el 48.18% en verdura. Los valores alfa de Cronbach fueron de bajos a moderados (0.55-0.83). Se confirma una estructura interna de siete factores de primer orden en fruta y de seis en verdura. Conclusión. El cuestionario provee validez suficiente para la evaluación global de factores psicosociales asociados con el consumo de fruta y verdura en niños escolares de 10 a 12 años. Finalmente, se discuten las implicaciones de los hallazgos en la adaptación del instrumento para su posible aplicación en la evaluación de factores psicosociales del consumo de fruta y verdura y para futuras investigaciones con este instrumento. Abstract in english Objective. To determine content and construct validity for the Mexican version of Pro Children Project questionnaire for assessing psychosocial factors, related to fruit and vegetable intake in samples of 10-12 year-old schoolchildren. Materials and methods. The questionnaire consisted of 87 items. [...] It was administered to 2084 children in an instrumental study conducted in 2011 in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico. Results. Kappa statistic resulted in good agreement between experts (kappa=0.69), very good agreement in children (kappa=0.93). Seven factors were obtained that explained 37.87% of the variance in fruit and 48.18% of the variance in vegetable. Cronbach's alpha values were low to moderate (range 0.55 to 0.83). An internal structure of seven first order factors was confirmed in fruits and six linked to vegetables. Conclusion. The questionnaire provides sufficient validity for assessing psychosocial factors related to fruit and vegetable intake in 10-12 year old schoolchildren. Finally, implications of the findings in the test adaptation process for assessing psychosocial factors of fruit and vegetable intake and for future research in this instrument are discussed.

  14. Validación del cuestionario Pro Children Project para evaluar factores psicosociales del consumo de fruta y verdura en México / Validity of Pro Children Project questionnaire for assessing psychosocial factors of fruit and vegetable intake in Mexico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gerardo, Ochoa-Meza; Juan C, Sierra; Carmen, Pérez-Rodrigo; Javier, Aranceta-Bartrina.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Determinar la validez de contenido y de constructo de la versión mexicana del cuestionario Pro Children Project para evaluar factores psicosociales, asociados con el consumo de fruta y verdura en muestras de niños escolares de 10 a 12 años. Material y métodos. Cuestionario de 87 reactivos, [...] aplicado en un estudio instrumental, realizado en 2011 a 2084 niños en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México. Resultados. El acuerdo entre expertos fue bueno (Kappa=0.69) y muy bueno entre niños (kappa=0.93). Siete factores explican el 37.87% de la varianza en fruta y el 48.18% en verdura. Los valores alfa de Cronbach fueron de bajos a moderados (0.55-0.83). Se confirma una estructura interna de siete factores de primer orden en fruta y de seis en verdura. Conclusión. El cuestionario provee validez suficiente para la evaluación global de factores psicosociales asociados con el consumo de fruta y verdura en niños escolares de 10 a 12 años. Finalmente, se discuten las implicaciones de los hallazgos en la adaptación del instrumento para su posible aplicación en la evaluación de factores psicosociales del consumo de fruta y verdura y para futuras investigaciones con este instrumento. Abstract in english Objective. To determine content and construct validity for the Mexican version of Pro Children Project questionnaire for assessing psychosocial factors, related to fruit and vegetable intake in samples of 10-12 year-old schoolchildren. Materials and methods. The questionnaire consisted of 87 items. [...] It was administered to 2084 children in an instrumental study conducted in 2011 in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico. Results. Kappa statistic resulted in good agreement between experts (kappa=0.69), very good agreement in children (kappa=0.93). Seven factors were obtained that explained 37.87% of the variance in fruit and 48.18% of the variance in vegetable. Cronbach's alpha values were low to moderate (range 0.55 to 0.83). An internal structure of seven first order factors was confirmed in fruits and six linked to vegetables. Conclusion. The questionnaire provides sufficient validity for assessing psychosocial factors related to fruit and vegetable intake in 10-12 year old schoolchildren. Finally, implications of the findings in the test adaptation process for assessing psychosocial factors of fruit and vegetable intake and for future research in this instrument are discussed.

  15. VALIDEZ DE UN INSTRUMENTO MULTIDIMESIONAL PARA MEDIR FACTORES DE RIESGO ASOCIADOS A TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA EN PÚBERES MEXICANOS / VALIDITY OF A MULTIDIMENSIONAL QUESTIONNAIRE TO MEASURE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED TO EATING DISORDERS IN MEXICAN PUBESCENTS

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Teresita de Jesús, Saucedo-Molina; Claudia, Unikel-Santoncini.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: obtener la validez y consistencia interna de un cuestionario para púberes mexicanos, hombres y mujeres, que evalúe factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. Sujetos y método: El cuestionario se aplicó a una muestra no probabilística, de púberes estudiantes de la [...] ciudad de México (504 hombres y 511 mujeres), con edades de 11 a 15 años de edad, con una media de 12,13. Se realizó un análisis de consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach) y un análisis factorial de componentes principales con rotación oblimin por el método de máxima verosimilitud. Resultados: Ambos instrumentos arrojaron 5 factores, con una buena consistencia interna, alcanzando un valor total de alpha de Cronbach de 0,75 para hombres (55,6% de varianza explicada) y 0,83 para mujeres (57,6% de varianza explicada). Conclusión: El instrumento resultó válido en hombres y mujeres, para medir factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos alimentarios, principalmente socioculturales, conductas alimentarias y desarrollo puberal. Abstract in english Objective: To obtain the validity and internal consistency of a questionnaire for the screening of risk factors associated to eating disorders in Mexican pubescent males and females. Subjects and methods: The questionnaire was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 504 males and 511 female student [...] s in México City from 11 to 15 years of age with a median of 12,13. Statistical methods included internal consistency analysis (Cronbach's alpha) and principal components factor analysis with oblimin rotation. Results: Both instruments obtained five-factors structure, showed a good total Cronbach's alpha score: males 0,75 (55,6 %), and females 0,83 (57,6%) of the total explained variance. Males displayed a normal eating behavior factor, while for females a restrictive dieting factor was obtained. Conclusions: This questionnaire is a valid measure in pubescent boys and girls for assessing risk factors associated with eating disorders, in particular socio-cultural factors, eating behaviors and pubertal development.

  16. Which factors decided general practitioners’ choice of hospital on behalf of their patients in an area with free choice of public hospital? A questionnaire study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birk Hans O

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Parts of New Public Management-reforms of the public sector depend on introduction of market-like mechanisms to manage the sector, like free choice of hospital. However, patients may delegate the choice of hospital to agents like general practitioners (GPs. We have investigated which factors Danish GPs reported as decisive for their choice of hospital on behalf of patients, and their utilisation of formal and informal data sources when they chose a hospital on behalf of patients. Methods Retrospective questionnaire study of all of the 474 GPs practising in three counties which constituted a single uptake area. Patients were free to choose a hospital in another county in the country. The GPs were asked about responsibility for choice of the latest three patients referred by the GP to hospital; which of 16 factors influenced the choice of hospital; which of 15 sources of information about clinical quality at various hospitals/departments were considered relevant, and how often were six sources of information about waiting time utilised. Results Fifty-one percent (240 GPs filled in and returned the questionnaire. One hundred and eighty-three GPs (76% reported that they perceived that they chose the hospital on behalf of the latest referred patient. Short distance to hospital was the most common reason for choice of hospital. The most frequently used source of information about quality at hospital departments was anecdotal reports from patients referred previously, and the most important source of information about waiting time was the hospitals’ letters of confirmation of referrals. Conclusions In an area with free choice of public hospital most GPs perceived that they chose the hospital on behalf of patients. Short distance to hospital was the factor which most often decided the GPs’ choice of hospital on behalf of patients. GPs attached little weight to official information on quality and service (waiting time at hospitals or departments, focusing instead on informal sources like feedback from patients and colleagues and their experience with cooperation with the department or hospital.

  17. Questionnaire Development Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

  18. Development and validation of a questionnaire measuring factors associated with physical activity in adolescents Desenvolvimento e validação de um questionário para mensurar fatores associados à atividade física em adolescentes

    OpenAIRE

    José Cazuza Farias Júnior; Adair da Silva Lopes; Rodrigo Siqueira Reis; Juarez Vieira do Nascimento; Adriano Ferreti Borgatto; Pedro Curi Hallal

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: to develop a questionnaire to measure factors associated with physical activity (PA) in adolescents and analyze its reliability and validity. METHODS: a total of 248 adolescents from 14 to 19 years old took part in this study. The factors associated with PA measured were: attitude, self-efficacy, social support of PA and perceived environment. Cronbach's alpha (?) and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were used to test reliability, and exploratory factor analysis to e...

  19. The Survey Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

    2007-01-01

    Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the potential…

  20. Development and preliminary validation of a questionnaire to measure satisfaction with home care in Greece: an exploratory factor analysis of polychoric correlations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niakas Dimitris

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The primary aim of this study was to develop and psychometrically test a Greek-language instrument for measuring satisfaction with home care. The first empirical evidence about the level of satisfaction with these services in Greece is also provided. Methods The questionnaire resulted from literature search, on-site observation and cognitive interviews. It was applied in 2006 to a sample of 201 enrollees of five home care programs in the city of Thessaloniki and contains 31 items that measure satisfaction with individual service attributes and are expressed on a 5-point Likert scale. The latter has been usually considered in practice as an interval scale, although it is in principle ordinal. We thus treated the variable as an ordinal one, but also employed the traditional approach in order to compare the findings. Our analysis was therefore based on ordinal measures such as the polychoric correlation, Kendall's Tau b coefficient and ordinal Cronbach's alpha. Exploratory factor analysis was followed by an assessment of internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, construct validity and sensitivity. Results Analyses with ordinal and interval scale measures produced in essence very similar results and identified four multi-item scales. Three of these were found to be reliable and valid: socioeconomic change, staff skills and attitudes and service appropriateness. A fourth dimension -service planning- had lower internal consistency reliability and yet very satisfactory test-retest reliability, construct validity and floor and ceiling effects. The global satisfaction scale created was also quite reliable. Overall, participants were satisfied -yet not very satisfied- with home care services. More room for improvement seems to exist for the socio-economic and planning aspects of care and less for staff skills and attitudes and appropriateness of provided services. Conclusions The methods developed seem to be a promising tool for the measurement of home care satisfaction in Greece.

  1. Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

  2. Factores psicoeducativos que determinan la propensión al accidente deportivo en escolares: diseño y validación de un cuestionario de evaluación / Psychoeducational factors that determine the propensity to school sports accidents: design and validation of an assessment questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Pedro A., Latorre-Román; José C., Cámara-Pérez; Antonio, Pantoja-Vallejo; Tomás, Izquierdo-Rus.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito de este estudio ha sido el diseño y validación de una escala de propensión al accidente deportivo en escolares. La muestra ha estado formada por 254 niños (M = 14.20, DT = 1.3). Las propiedades psicométricas de la escala se obtuvieron mediante un proceso de validez de contenido y un aná [...] lisis factorial de los componentes principales. Como resultados obtuvimos un cuestionario de 27 ítems formado por cinco factores y ajustado a los tópicos de validez y fiabilidad científica. Se encontraron diferencias en todos los factores de la escala entre niños y niñas y sólo en el factor búsqueda de sensaciones al considerar la edad de los sujetos. Como conclusión, esta escala es un instrumento inédito que permite la organización de los recursos materiales y didácticos en el deporte de acuerdo a aspectos psicoeducativos relacionados con la propensión al accidente de los niños, lo que es esencial en la prevención de lesiones. Abstract in english The purpose of this study has been the design and validation of a propensity scale of sports injuries in schools. The sample for the study has been formed of 254 children (M = 14.20, DT = 1.3). Psychometric properties of the scale were obtained through a process of content validity and a factorial a [...] nalysis of main components. As a result, we obtained a questionnaire of 27 items consisting of 5 factors and adjusted to validity topics and scientific reliability. Significant differences were found in all factors of the scale in relation to sex, whilst significant differences were only observed in relation to the sensation seeking factor when considering the age of the subjects. This scale is an essential tool for preventing accidents and injuries in school sport by allowing the identification of sports accident-prone students.

  3. Reproducibilidad de un cuestionario telefónico sobre factores de riesgo asociados al comportamiento y las prácticas preventivas Reproducibility of a telephone questionnaire on risk factors associated with behavior and preventive practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iñaki Galán

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Se evalúa la reproducibilidad del cuestionario utilizado en un sistema de vigilancia de factores de riesgo de enfermedades no transmisibles (SIVFRENT, basado en encuestas continuas con entrevista telefónica. Métodos: El mismo cuestionario fue aplicado telefónicamente en 2 ocasiones a una muestra de 586 personas de 18-64 años representativas de la Comunidad de Madrid, con un intervalo de 13-32 días. Se analizan 27 variables relacionadas con la percepción del estado de salud, antropometría, actividad física, consumo de tabaco y alcohol, prácticas preventivas, accidentalidad y seguridad vial. Para valorar la estabilidad de las respuestas se analizó la concordancia absoluta, los valores del índice kappa sin ponderar y ponderado, y el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI, en las variables categóricas nominales, ordinales y cuantitativas, respectivamente. Resultados: La tasa de respuesta a la segunda entrevista fue del 78,7%, y participaron 461 personas. La comparación de las prevalencias y promedios en las 2 entrevistas refleja que en 19 de los 27 indicadores analizados la desviación relativa fue inferior al 5%, y sólo 2 superaron el 20%. La concordancia absoluta excedió del 85% en 13 de las 20 variables categóricas, y los coeficientes kappa y CCI superaron el valor de 0,8 en 10 variables, en 13 oscilaron entre 0,6 y 0,8, en 3 entre 0,4 y 0,6, y sólo una fue inferior a 0,4. No se observó un patrón uniforme de variables sociodemográficas asociadas a la discordancia. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que el cuestionario telefónico utilizado en el SIVFRENT sobre factores de riesgo asociados al comportamiento y las prácticas preventivas es reproducible en una amplia muestra representativa de la población adulta de la Comunidad de Madrid.Objective: To assess the reproducibility of a questionnaire used in a surveillance system for risk factors of non-communicable diseases (SIVFRENT, based on continuous surveys through telephone interviews. Methods: The same questionnaire was administered telephonically to a cross-section of 586 individuals aged between 18 and 64 years representative of the Autonomous Community of Madrid (Spain on 2 occasions with an interval of 13 to 32 days. Twenty-seven variables related to perceived health status, anthropometry, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, preventive practices, injuries and road safety were analyzed. To assess response stability, absolute agreement, unweighted and weighted kappa values, and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC were used in nominal, ordinal and quantitative categorical variables, respectively. Results: The response rate to the second interview involving 461 people was 78.7%. The comparison of prevalences and averages from both interviews revealed that in 19 out of the 27 indicators analyzed, the relative deviation was under 5% and exceeded 20% in only 2 indicators. Absolute agreement was greater than 85% in 13 of the 20 categorical variables. In 10 variables, the kappa and ICC coefficients were greater than 0.8, in 13 they ranged from 0.6 to 0.8, in 3 from 0.4 to 0.6 and only 1 was below 0.4. A uniform pattern of sociodemographic variables associated with disagreement was not observed. Conclusions: The results suggest that the telephone questionnaire used in the surveillance system on risk factors associated with behavior and preventive practices (SIVFRENT is reproducible in a wide sample representative of the adult population of the Autonomous Community of Madrid.

  4. Reproducibilidad de un cuestionario telefónico sobre factores de riesgo asociados al comportamiento y las prácticas preventivas / Reproducibility of a telephone questionnaire on risk factors associated with behavior and preventive practices

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Iñaki, Galán; Fernando, Rodríguez-Artalejo; Belén, Zorilla.

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Se evalúa la reproducibilidad del cuestionario utilizado en un sistema de vigilancia de factores de riesgo de enfermedades no transmisibles (SIVFRENT), basado en encuestas continuas con entrevista telefónica. Métodos: El mismo cuestionario fue aplicado telefónicamente en 2 ocasiones a una [...] muestra de 586 personas de 18-64 años representativas de la Comunidad de Madrid, con un intervalo de 13-32 días. Se analizan 27 variables relacionadas con la percepción del estado de salud, antropometría, actividad física, consumo de tabaco y alcohol, prácticas preventivas, accidentalidad y seguridad vial. Para valorar la estabilidad de las respuestas se analizó la concordancia absoluta, los valores del índice kappa sin ponderar y ponderado, y el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI), en las variables categóricas nominales, ordinales y cuantitativas, respectivamente. Resultados: La tasa de respuesta a la segunda entrevista fue del 78,7%, y participaron 461 personas. La comparación de las prevalencias y promedios en las 2 entrevistas refleja que en 19 de los 27 indicadores analizados la desviación relativa fue inferior al 5%, y sólo 2 superaron el 20%. La concordancia absoluta excedió del 85% en 13 de las 20 variables categóricas, y los coeficientes kappa y CCI superaron el valor de 0,8 en 10 variables, en 13 oscilaron entre 0,6 y 0,8, en 3 entre 0,4 y 0,6, y sólo una fue inferior a 0,4. No se observó un patrón uniforme de variables sociodemográficas asociadas a la discordancia. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que el cuestionario telefónico utilizado en el SIVFRENT sobre factores de riesgo asociados al comportamiento y las prácticas preventivas es reproducible en una amplia muestra representativa de la población adulta de la Comunidad de Madrid. Abstract in english Objective: To assess the reproducibility of a questionnaire used in a surveillance system for risk factors of non-communicable diseases (SIVFRENT), based on continuous surveys through telephone interviews. Methods: The same questionnaire was administered telephonically to a cross-section of 586 indi [...] viduals aged between 18 and 64 years representative of the Autonomous Community of Madrid (Spain) on 2 occasions with an interval of 13 to 32 days. Twenty-seven variables related to perceived health status, anthropometry, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, preventive practices, injuries and road safety were analyzed. To assess response stability, absolute agreement, unweighted and weighted kappa values, and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were used in nominal, ordinal and quantitative categorical variables, respectively. Results: The response rate to the second interview involving 461 people was 78.7%. The comparison of prevalences and averages from both interviews revealed that in 19 out of the 27 indicators analyzed, the relative deviation was under 5% and exceeded 20% in only 2 indicators. Absolute agreement was greater than 85% in 13 of the 20 categorical variables. In 10 variables, the kappa and ICC coefficients were greater than 0.8, in 13 they ranged from 0.6 to 0.8, in 3 from 0.4 to 0.6 and only 1 was below 0.4. A uniform pattern of sociodemographic variables associated with disagreement was not observed. Conclusions: The results suggest that the telephone questionnaire used in the surveillance system on risk factors associated with behavior and preventive practices (SIVFRENT) is reproducible in a wide sample representative of the adult population of the Autonomous Community of Madrid.

  5. Reproducibilidad de un cuestionario telefónico sobre factores de riesgo asociados al comportamiento y las prácticas preventivas / Reproducibility of a telephone questionnaire on risk factors associated with behavior and preventive practices

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Iñaki, Galán; Fernando, Rodríguez-Artalejo; Belén, Zorilla.

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Se evalúa la reproducibilidad del cuestionario utilizado en un sistema de vigilancia de factores de riesgo de enfermedades no transmisibles (SIVFRENT), basado en encuestas continuas con entrevista telefónica. Métodos: El mismo cuestionario fue aplicado telefónicamente en 2 ocasiones a una [...] muestra de 586 personas de 18-64 años representativas de la Comunidad de Madrid, con un intervalo de 13-32 días. Se analizan 27 variables relacionadas con la percepción del estado de salud, antropometría, actividad física, consumo de tabaco y alcohol, prácticas preventivas, accidentalidad y seguridad vial. Para valorar la estabilidad de las respuestas se analizó la concordancia absoluta, los valores del índice kappa sin ponderar y ponderado, y el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI), en las variables categóricas nominales, ordinales y cuantitativas, respectivamente. Resultados: La tasa de respuesta a la segunda entrevista fue del 78,7%, y participaron 461 personas. La comparación de las prevalencias y promedios en las 2 entrevistas refleja que en 19 de los 27 indicadores analizados la desviación relativa fue inferior al 5%, y sólo 2 superaron el 20%. La concordancia absoluta excedió del 85% en 13 de las 20 variables categóricas, y los coeficientes kappa y CCI superaron el valor de 0,8 en 10 variables, en 13 oscilaron entre 0,6 y 0,8, en 3 entre 0,4 y 0,6, y sólo una fue inferior a 0,4. No se observó un patrón uniforme de variables sociodemográficas asociadas a la discordancia. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que el cuestionario telefónico utilizado en el SIVFRENT sobre factores de riesgo asociados al comportamiento y las prácticas preventivas es reproducible en una amplia muestra representativa de la población adulta de la Comunidad de Madrid. Abstract in english Objective: To assess the reproducibility of a questionnaire used in a surveillance system for risk factors of non-communicable diseases (SIVFRENT), based on continuous surveys through telephone interviews. Methods: The same questionnaire was administered telephonically to a cross-section of 586 indi [...] viduals aged between 18 and 64 years representative of the Autonomous Community of Madrid (Spain) on 2 occasions with an interval of 13 to 32 days. Twenty-seven variables related to perceived health status, anthropometry, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, preventive practices, injuries and road safety were analyzed. To assess response stability, absolute agreement, unweighted and weighted kappa values, and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were used in nominal, ordinal and quantitative categorical variables, respectively. Results: The response rate to the second interview involving 461 people was 78.7%. The comparison of prevalences and averages from both interviews revealed that in 19 out of the 27 indicators analyzed, the relative deviation was under 5% and exceeded 20% in only 2 indicators. Absolute agreement was greater than 85% in 13 of the 20 categorical variables. In 10 variables, the kappa and ICC coefficients were greater than 0.8, in 13 they ranged from 0.6 to 0.8, in 3 from 0.4 to 0.6 and only 1 was below 0.4. A uniform pattern of sociodemographic variables associated with disagreement was not observed. Conclusions: The results suggest that the telephone questionnaire used in the surveillance system on risk factors associated with behavior and preventive practices (SIVFRENT) is reproducible in a wide sample representative of the adult population of the Autonomous Community of Madrid.

  6. The Questionnaire of Lifestyle Change in Regard to Problematic Internet Use: Factor Structure and Concurrent and Cross-Year Predictive Utilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Yu-Chen; Lin, Sunny S. J.; Tseng, Yin-Hsing; Hwang, Fang-Ming

    2012-01-01

    This study constructed a questionnaire, named "Lifestyle Change in Regard to Problematic Internet Use (LC-PIU)," for helping school psychologists detect early indications of PIU-related lifestyle changes in university populations. Our focus is on all university students who use the Internet, not users who already show dependent symptoms. The…

  7. The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

    2008-01-01

    This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science,…

  8. Utah Drug Use Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Governor's Citizen Advisory Committee on Drugs, Salt Lake City, UT.

    This questionnaire assesses drug use practices in junior and senior high school students. The 21 multiple choice items pertain to drug use practices, use history, available of drugs, main reason for drug use, and demographic data. The questionnaire is untimed, group administered, and may be given by the classroom teacher in about 10 minutes. Item…

  9. Poor physical function, pain and limited exercise: risk factors for premature mortality in the range of smoking or hypertension, identified on a simple patient self-report questionnaire for usual care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokka, Tuulikki

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyse poor physical function, pain, limited exercise and smoking, assessed in a patient-friendly self-report questionnaire format that has been completed by every patient at every visit over 20–30?years in the authors’ and other usual care settings, to predict 5-year mortality in a general older population. Methods An extended version of a Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire was mailed to 2000 subjects in Finland, identified as a randomly selected control cohort for a rheumatoid arthritis cohort. The questionnaire included queries concerning baseline physical function, pain, exercise and smoking status, identical to the clinic version, as well as age and 25 medical conditions. Five-year survival was analysed according to descriptive statistics, Kaplan–Meier curves and Cox regressions. Results The questionnaire was returned by 1523 subjects (76%). Five-year survival was 94% in all subjects, 98% in subjects with no disease or no acutely life-threatening disease, and 17% in subjects with an acutely life-threatening disease. Hazard ratios (HRs) for 5-year mortality were 3.5 for poor physical function, 2.2 for pain, 5.2 for limited exercise and 4.6 for smoking (p<0.01); 5-year survivals were 93%, 97%, 93% and 95%, respectively, compared with 91% for hypertension. Each of the four patient history variables predicted mortality at higher levels in subjects who reported no versus one or more acutely life-threatening conditions. Conclusions Poor physical function, pain, limited exercise and smoking can be assessed systematically on a simple standard Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire, to identify potentially modifiable risk factors for premature mortality in the infrastructure of usual medical care and health maintenance. PMID:22021748

  10. Educational Television Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, David A.; And Others

    This mail questionnaire is designed to ascertain personal and demographic characteristics, TV and ETV viewing habits, and reasons for those viewing habits. It contains 22 items. (For related documents, see TM 002 621-630, 632-635.) (KM)

  11. Composición Factorial de una Escala Autoeficacia en Conductas de Cuidado de la Salud en Estudiantes de Ingeniería / Factor Structure of a Self-Efficacy Questionnaire in Health Care Behavior in Engineering Students

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Francisco J, Flores; Jesús E, Peinado; Martha, Ornelas; Lepoldo, López.

    Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio analiza las propiedades sicométricas de la Escala Autoeficacia en Conductas de Cuidado de la Salud Física. La muestra total fue de 592 sujetos; 143 mujeres y 449 hombres, alumnos de primer ingreso a las licenciaturas de ingeniería que se ofrecen en la Universidad Autónoma de Chih [...] uahua en México, con una edad media de 18.16 años. La estructura factorial del cuestionario se analizó a través de un análisis factorial confirmatorio. El análisis ha mostrado que una estructura tetrafactorial es viable y adecuada de acuerdo a los requisitos sicométricos establecidos. La estructura de cuatro factores, atendiendo a criterios estadísticos ha mostrado adecuados indicadores de ajuste, fiabilidad y validez. Los resultados de los análisis factoriales llevados a cabo con las submuestras 1 y 2, indican la existencia de fuertes evidencias de la estabilidad de la estructura factorial. Abstract in english The present study analyses the psychometric properties of a self-efficacy questionnaire behavior of health care. The total sample comprised 592 participants; 143 women and 449 men, all of them freshmen at Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua in Mexico in the area of engineering, with a mean age of 18.1 [...] 6 years. Psychometric analysis showed that a four-factorial structure is feasible and adequate according to the established psychometric requirements. The factor structure of the questionnaire was analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis. The structure of the four factors, following statistical criteria, showed adequate fitting indicators, reliability and validity. In addition, factor analysis conducted with subsamples 1 and 2 indicated the presence of strong evidence of factor structure stability.

  12. Empathy in group psychoanalytic psychotherapy: questionnaire development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlovi?, Slavica; Vlastelica, Mirela

    2008-09-01

    The aim of this study is to develop a questionnaire that can observe empathy in group psychoanalytic psychotherapy and examine the structure of its factors. A questionnaire comprised of 160 items in five-point Likert-type scale was developed through analysis of communication and interaction related to empathizing during group sessions. The questionnaire was applied on 256 patients from 40 therapy groups in 9 cities in Croatia. All 20 group analysts are trained in the Institute for Group Analysis in Zagreb. The patients were selected based on group analysis criteria. After item discrimination and principal component analysis limited to five factors were assessed, 80 items were isolated, 20 of which made a control scale for socially desirable responses. Two parallel questionnaire forms were developed: Group-Analysis-Empathy 1 (GA-Em1) and Group-Analysis-Empathy 2 (GA-Em2). A new, reliable and valid questionnaire for empathy observation employable in group psychotherapy was designed. The following factors were isolated by means of factor analysis: 1. Emotional disclosure and sensibility; 2. Containing and metabolizing; 3. Immersion; 4. Resonance and responsiveness; 5. Insight. A new questionnaire on empathy in group-analytical psychotherapy can measure the capacity for emotional communication among group members and between the group and the group analyst - conductor. PMID:18982775

  13. Impaired self-awareness after traumatic brain injury: Inter-rater reliability and factor structure of the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX in patients, significant others and clinicians.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian McGuire

    2014-10-01

    Conclusion: Although there was a consistent finding of a single factor solution for each of the three groups, the low level of agreement between significant others and clinicians raises a question about the reliability of the DEX.

  14. Micro-level economic factors and incentives in children's energy balance related behaviours:Findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Jørgen D.; Bere, Elling; Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Jan, Natasa; Maes, Lea; Manios, Yannis; Martens, Marloes K.; Molnar, Denes; Moreno, Luis A.; Te Velde, Saskia; Brug, Johannes

    2012-01-01

    Background To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12?year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children’s soft drink consumption ...

  15. The Collaborative Problem Solving Questionnaire: Validity and Reliability Test

    OpenAIRE

    Khoo Yin Yin; Abdul Ghani Kanesan Abdullah

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study is to validate the questionnaire by using confirmatory factor analysis. Besides, it also would like to examine the internal reliability. Three hypotheses were tested. The questionnaires have been answered by 294 respondents among ten schools. The minimum criterion of model was achieved. The reliability of the questionnaires was high.

  16. The Collaborative Problem Solving Questionnaire: Validity and Reliability Test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoo Yin Yin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to validate the questionnaire by using confirmatory factor analysis. Besides, it also would like to examine the internal reliability. Three hypotheses were tested. The questionnaires have been answered by 294 respondents among ten schools. The minimum criterion of model was achieved. The reliability of the questionnaires was high.

  17. Construct Validity Of The Career Resilience Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Lew, Charlene C.; Bruin, Gideon P.

    2002-01-01

    The construct validity of the Career Resilience Questionnaire (Fourie & VanVuuren, 1998) was investigated by means of an oblique multiple groups factor analysis.The highest factor structure coefficients of several of the items did not coincide with the respective factors that the items were postulated to measure. In addition, the correlations among the factors cast doubt on the independence of some of the constructs.

    Opsomming
    Die konstrukge...

  18. Análisis factorial de grupo múltiple de una versión muy breve del cuestionario revisado de personalidad de Eysenck (EPQR-BV) / Multiple group factor analysis of Eysenck personality questionnaire revised - brief version (EPQR- BV)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    César, Merino Soto.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish RESUMEN Se presenta un estudio psicométrico preliminar para explorar la consistencia y estructura interna del EPQR-BV (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised - Brief Version), una versión breve propuesta por Sato (2005) del EPQR, con modificaciones en el formato de los ítems y en número de subesc [...] alas incluidas (E y N). Los participantes fueron 108 adultos jóvenes de una universidad privada en Lima (Perú). Se aplicó un análisis factorial confirmatorio oblicuo para probar la invarianza configuracional. Los resultados fueron favorables respecto a la dimensionalidad (dos factores representativos), la configuración (excepto dos ítems, el resto se relacionó con sus escalas) y la simplicidad de la solución factorial. La consistencia interna fue satisfactoria en ambas escalas (> .80). Se discute lo adecuado de esta nueva versión abreviada, así como la propuesta de modificar el EPQR en su totalidad con ítems ordinales. Abstract in english ABSTRACT The aim of this study is present a preliminary psychometric data to explore the internal consistency and structure of EPQR-BV (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised - Brief Version), a short version proposed by Sato (2005) modifying the EPQR-S in the item format and the number of subsca [...] les including (E and N). Participants were 108 young adults from a private university in Lima (Peru). We used a oblique confirmatory factor analysis to test the configurational invariance. The results were favorable for the dimensionality (two factors representative), configuration (except for two items, the rest was related to their scales) and the simplicity of the factor solution. Internal consistency was satisfactory for both scales (> .80). We discuss the appropriateness of this new abridged version.

  19. Construction and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of healthy habits and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in schoolchildren / Construção e validação de um questionário sobre conhecimento de hábitos saudáveis e fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares em estudantes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fátima H., Cecchetto; Lucia C., Pellanda.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: desenvolver e analisar a fidedignidade e a validade de um questionário sobre conhecimento de hábitos saudáveis e fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares (CARDIOKID), para utilização em crianças de idade escolar. MÉTODOS: participaram do estudo 145 crianças de 7 sete a 11 anos [...] de idade. Os fatores mensurados foram o conhecimento sobre hábitos saudáveis e fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares. O alfa de Cronbach (?) e a correlação intraclasse (CCI) foram utilizados para verificar a fidedignidade, e a análise fatorial exploratória para avaliar a validade do questionário. RESULTADOS: a amostra foi composta de 60% meninas e 40% meninos. Na análise fatorial, o teste de KMO teve resultado de 0,81 e o teste de esfericidade de Bartlett de X2 = (66) = 458,64 (p Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To develop and analyze the reliability and validity of a questionnaire on the knowledge of healthy habits and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CARDIOKID) to be used in schoolchildren. METHODS: The study included 145 children aged 7 to 11 years. The measured factors were the [...] knowledge of healthy habits and risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Cronbach's alpha and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) were used to verify reliability, and exploratory factor analysis was used to assess the validity of the questionnaire. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 60% females and 40% males. In factorial analysis, the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) test result was measures of sampling adequacy (MSA) = 0.81 and Bartlett's test of sphericity was X2 = (66) = 458.64 (p

  20. [Factors affecting the occurrence and development of invasive meningococcal disease and development of Neisseria meningitis carrier state--results of a nationwide prospective questionnaire survey of cases and controls].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krízová, P; Kríz, B

    1999-11-01

    The nationwide prospective questionnaire study of cases and controls was implemented during the period from October 1996 till May 1998. Thirty-nine districts participated (= 54.2% of district hygiene stations) and 107 invasive meningococcal diseases were included in the study (= 76.9% of diseases recorded during the given period in the Czech Republic by active surveillance). A total of 390 subjects were included in the study-107 with invasive meningococcal diseases, 211 healthy controls and 72 healthy carriers of Neisseria meningitidis. This is the first study in the Czech Republic which analyzes comprehensively socioeconomic, health and stress factors in relation to the genesis and development of invasive meningococcal disease or carriership of N. meningitidis. The relationship between these factors and meningococcal disease or carriership was evaluated by the chi square test: odds ratio (OR) and statistical significance (p for chi square-Yates correction or Fischer's exact test). For the development of invasive meningococcal disease in particular, risk factors are significant (p time weaken the overall resistance of the organism: febrile diseases, respiratory diseases, other diseases, exertion, exposure to cold, mental stress, other stress, injury, staying in places outside the home on brigades, training courses, stay in crowded premises. As to long-term factors the development of the disease is influenced by a contaminated environment, passive smoking and lower education of the mother which indicates a different lifestyle. Conversely, factors negatively correlated with the development of the disease are active participation in sports and favourable economic conditions. For death: significant risk factors (p generation housing, use of public transport, staying outside the home on brigades, training courses etc.). A risk factor is also lower education of parents which indicates a different lifestyle. Conversely, factors negatively correlated with carriership are favourable economic conditions, frequent outdoor stay and active participation in sports. By comparison of factors significantly associated with the development of invasive meningococcal disease or carriership data are assembled for the implementation of effective preventive measures. PMID:10658342

  1. Questionnaire typography and production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, M

    1975-06-01

    This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

  2. Narcotics Center Questionnaire, 1968.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, John B.; And Others

    This questionnaire assesses drug knowledge, drug use practices, and attitudes toward drugs in junior high school, senior high school, and college students. The 105 items (multiple choice, yes/no, or completion) are concerned with personal and demographic data, "book" knowledge of drugs, "street" knowledge of drugs (drug argot and the like),…

  3. Prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among Inner Mongolia medical students in China: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey

    OpenAIRE

    Bian Jiang; Du Maolin; Liu Zhiyue; Fan Yancun; Eshita Yuki; Sun Juan

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background To date, no study on smoking behavior of medical students in Inner Mongolia has been reported. The aim of the present study was to determine the 1-month prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among medical students in Inner Mongolia of China, to assist interventions designed to reduce the smoking behavior of medical college students in this region. Methods During December 2010 and January 2011 a cross-sectional survey was conducted among medical students a...

  4. Development of the Italian version of the Pain Stages of Change Questionnaire in patients with chronic low back pain: cross-cultural adaptation, confirmatory factor analysis, reliability and validity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monticone, Marco; Ferrante, Simona; Ferrari, Silvano; Mugnai, Raffaele; Pillastrini, Paolo; Rocca, Barbara; Vanti, Carla; Foti, Calogero

    2014-09-01

    Translating, culturally adapting and validating the Italian version of the Pain Stages of Change Questionnaire (PSOCQ-I) to allow its use with Italian-speaking patients with low back pain. The PSOCQ-I was developed by forward-backward translation, a final review by an expert committee and a test of the prefinal version to establish its correspondence with the original English version. Psychometric testing included confirmatory factor analysis, reliability by internal consistency (Cronbach's ?) and test-retest reliability (intraclass coefficient correlation), and construct validity by comparing PSOCQ-I with the Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS), the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), the Roland Morris Disability Scale (RMDQ), a pain Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (Pearson's correlation). The questionnaire was administered to 308 patients with chronic low back pain. Factor analysis confirmed a four-factor solution (namely, Precontemplation, Contemplation, Action, and Maintenance), achieving an acceptable data-model fit. Internal consistency (?=0.91-93) and test-retest reliability (intraclass coefficient correlation=0.74-0.81) were satisfactory. Construct validity showed moderate correlations between Precontemplation and PCS (r=0.318), TSK (r=0.385), RMDQ (r=0.320) and NRS (r=0.335); low correlations were found between the other PSOCQ subscales and PCS (r=-0.062; 0.039), TSK (r=-0.164; 0.024), RMDQ (r=-0.073; 0.004) and NRS (r=-0.170; 0.020). Low correlations were found between the PSOCQ-I subscales and anxiety (r=-0.132; 0.150) and depression (r=-0.113; 0.186). The PSOCQ was translated successfully into Italian, and proved to have a good factorial structure and psychometric properties that replicated the results of other versions. Its use is recommended for research purposes. PMID:24557491

  5. Early life factors, childhood cognition and postal questionnaire response rate in middle age: the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study

    OpenAIRE

    Morton Susan M; Clark Heather; Nishiwaki Yuji; Leon David A

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background Little is known about the relationship between early life factors and survey response in epidemiological studies of adults. Methods The Children of the 1950s cohort is composed of 12,150 children (boys 51.7%) born in Aberdeen 1950–56 and in primary schools in the city in 1962. Information on birth weight, gestational age, growth, behaviour and socio-economic position at birth and in childhood were obtained from contemporaneous records. Cognitive test scores at ages 7,9 a...

  6. Factors associated with depressive symptoms measured by the 12-item General Health Questionnaire in Community-Dwelling Older Adults (The Bambuí Health Aging Study) / Fatores associados aos sintomas depressivos avaliados pelo General Health Questionnaire (12 itens) em idosos residentes na comunidade (Projeto Bambuí)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Érico, Castro-Costa; Maria Fernanda, Lima-Costa; Sandra, Carvalhais; Josélia O A, Firmo; Elizabeth, Uchoa.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Investigar os fatores associados aos sintomas depressivos em idosos residentes na comunidade. MÉTODO: Este estudo seccional foi desenvolvido em 1.510 idosos, que correspondem a 86% do total de residentes na cidade de Bambuí-MG com 60 ou mais anos de idade. A variável dependente deste estud [...] o é a presença de sintomas depressivos, determinada por meio do General Health Questionnaire (12 itens). As variáveis independentes incluíram características sociodemográficas, indicadores da rede social de apoio, estilos de vida e indicadores das condições de saúde. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de sintomas depressivos foi de 38,5% (escore no General Health Questionnaire ? 5). Associações positivas e independentes com esses sintomas foram observadas para sexo feminino (RP = 1,15; IC95%: 1,01-1,33), faixa etária de 80 anos ou mais (RP = 1,22; IC95%: 1,02-1,54) comparada com idades entre 60 e 69 anos, ser solteiro (RP = 1,25; IC95%: 1,02-1,46) e ser separado (RP = 1,30; IC95%: 1,03-1,65), anos de escolaridade inferior a quatro anos (RP = 1,42; IC95%: 1,04-2,00), percepção da saúde como razoável (RP = 1,84; IC95%: 1,45-2,34) e ruim ou muito ruim (RP = 2,44; IC95%: 1,91-3,12), incapacidade funcional (RP = 1,39; IC95%: 1,22-1,57) e insônia nos últimos 30 dias (RP = 1,77; IC95%: 1,22-1,57). CONCLUSÃO: Os fatores associados aos sintomas depressivos são semelhantes aos descritos em outros estudos e não explicam a alta prevalência de depressão encontrada em Bambuí. Esses achados demonstram a necessidade de investigação de outros fatores na tentativa de elucidar a etiopatogenia da depressão nessa população. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: This study evaluated 1,510 participants of the Bambuí Health Aging Study baseline. The dependent variable was the presence of depressive symptoms assessed by the 12-item General Health Q [...] uestionnaire and predictive variables were sociodemographic characteristics, social support network, lifestyle and health conditions. RESULTS: The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 38.5% (12-item General Health Questionnaire ? 5). Depressive symptoms were positively and independently associated with female gender (PR = 1.15; 95%CI 1.01-1.33), aged 80 years or over (PR = 1.22; 95%CI: 1.02-1.54) compared with 60-69 years, single (PR = 1.25; 95%CI: 1.02-1.46) or separated (PR = 1.30; 95%CI: 1.03-1.65) marital status, less than 4 years of schooling (PR = 1.42; 95%CI: 1.04-2.00), self-reported global health (reasonable: PR = 1.84; 95%CI 1.45-2.34; bad or very bad: PR = 2.44; 95%CI 1.91-3.12), incapacity or great difficulty in performing daily activities (PR = 1.39; 95%CI: 1.22-1.57) and complaint of insomnia in the last month (PR = 1.77; 95%CI: 1.22-1.99). CONCLUSION: The similarities between factors associated with depressive symptoms in this population and in others do not explain the high prevalence rates previously reported in Bambuí. These findings may guide efforts to investigate others factors to elucidate the etiopathogenesis of depression in this population.

  7. Development of a Diagnostic Complexity Questionnaire

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The HRP human error analysis project has for some time been investigating what makes certain fault scenarios difficult for operators. One line of research has been to develop a questionnaire to measure diagnostic complexity. This report concerns some theoretical and experimental work underpinning the development of the questionnaire. A study of the literature reviewed the factors or components thought to contribute to difficulty in diagnosing and problem-solving. Two experimental studies of complexity were carried out using two versions of a questionnaire based on the review. The studies were simulator based, using scenarios designed to be diagnostically challenging. A factor-analytic approach to the analysis of the study data was suggested in the literature review. This is reported here (together with other analyses) though the factor analysis did not produce so clear results as was hoped. The present analysis found no clear factor structure with the first version of the complexity questionnaire used in experiment I. Partly because of this result, a factor-analytic approach to a second version of the questionnaire used in experiment II was not considered appropriate. A descriptive and qualitative analysis of the two questionnaire studies and a synthesis of the results from them both was promising. There were indications of components of complexity and some indications of what contributes to a personal perception of high or low diagnostic difficulty in fault scenariosw diagnostic difficulty in fault scenarios. Components adding to diagnostic difficulty were tentatively named 'severity', 'need for co-operation', 'stress' and 'spread of changes'. Components not adding to difficulty were 'directness of indications', 'familiarity' and 'lack of stress'. There was some evidence of different responses to these components in a comparison of rule-based vs. knowledge-based diagnostic scenarios. These findings and experience with analysis techniques will feed into the design of further work on the human error analysis project. (author)

  8. Psychometric Properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clerkin, Suzanne M.; Marks, David J.; Policaro, Katia L.; Halperin, Jeffrey M.

    2007-01-01

    The psychometric properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision (APQ-PR) were explored in a sample of hyperactive-inattentive preschool children (N = 47) and nonimpaired controls (N = 113). A subset of parents completed the questionnaire on 2 occasions, approximately 1 year apart. Factor analysis revealed a 3-factor solution,…

  9. Diet History Questionnaire: International Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    ARP staff adapted the Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) for use by Canadian populations in collaboration with the Alberta Cancer Board. This questionnaire takes into account the different food fortification polices of the US and Canada.

  10. Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

  11. The Claustrophobia Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radomsky, A S; Rachman, S; Thordarson, D S; McIsaac, H K; Teachman, B A

    2001-01-01

    The content and psychometric properties of the Claustrophobia Questionnaire (CLQ) are described. An earlier version of the CLQ was developed to test the hypothesis that claustrophobia is comprised of two distinct but related fears--the fear of suffocation and the fear of restriction [J. Anxiety Disord. 7 (1993) 281.]. The scale was used to assess patients undergoing the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedure [J. Behav. Med. 21 (1998) 255.] and in participants with panic disorder [J. Abnorm. Psychol. 105 (1996) 146; Taylor, S., Rachman, S., & Radomsky, A. S. (1996). The prediction of panic: a comparison of suffocation false alarm and cognitive theories. Unpublished data.]. On the basis of these studies, we decided to revise and shorten the CLQ, collect normative data, and provide information on the scale's predictive and discriminant validity as well as its internal consistency and test-retest reliability. This was done through a set of four interconnected studies that included psychometric analyses of undergraduate and community adult questionnaire responses and behavioural testing. Results indicate that the CLQ has good predictive and discriminant validity as well as good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The CLQ appears to be a reliable and sensitive measure of claustrophobia and its component fears. We encourage the use of the CLQ in a variety of clinical and research applications. The scale is provided in this paper for public use. PMID:11474815

  12. QUESTIONNAIRE 5YR 2013

    CERN Document Server

    Association du personnel

    2013-01-01

    CERN must remain the centre of excellence that it has been for the last sixty years. Therefore, the Organization must continue to be able to attract, motivate and retain the best specialists coming from all the Member States. This is why, every five years, on the occasion of a five-yearly review, our employment conditions are compared with bodies having similar activities.In order to prepare the next five-yearly review, the topics of which will be decided by the CERN Council in June 2014, the Staff Association has drawn up a questionnaire that gives you the opportunity to tell us what you think about your current employment conditions. You can also indicate how you wish to see them evolve, and to help you we present some proposals for improvement on which you can give your opinion. Above all, do not hesitate, by using the comments’ fields available in the questionnaire, to formulate your own suggestions in all areas of your conditions of employment that are of interest to you. Your replies will hel...

  13. Psychometric Evaluation of the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Wenjie; Ho, Samuel M. Y.; Bai, Yu; Tang, Xiaoqing

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire (CVQ). The reliability, factor structure, construct validity, and temporal stability of the inventory were examined. Method: A university student sample ("n" = 878) and a working adult sample ("n" = 153) were recruited.…

  14. Validation of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Luc J.; Carron, Albert V.; Eys, Mark A.; Loughead, Todd

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to test the validity evidence of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire (CSCQ). To accomplish this task, convergent, discriminant, and known-group difference validity were examined, along with factorial validity via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Child athletes (N = 290, M[subscript age] = 10.73 plus or…

  15. Development and validation of a questionnaire measuring factors associated with physical activity in adolescents / Desenvolvimento e validação de um questionário para mensurar fatores associados à atividade física em adolescentes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Cazuza de, Farias Júnior; Adair da Silva, Lopes; Rodrigo Siqueira, Reis; Juarez Vieira do, Nascimento; Adriano Ferreti, Borgatto; Pedro Curi, Hallal.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: desenvolver e analisar a fidedignidade e validade de um questionário para mensurar fatores associados à atividade física (AF) em adolescentes. MÉTODOS: participaram do estudo 248 adolescentes de 14 a 19 anos de idade. Os fatores associados à AF mensurados foram: atitude, autoeficácia, apo [...] io social dos pais e dos amigos para prática de AF, ambiente percebido. O alpha de Cronbach (?) e a correlação intraclasse (CCI) foram utilizados para verificar a fidedignidade, e a análise fatorial exploratória para avaliar a validade do questionário. RESULTADOS: a medida de atitude continha um único fator (atitude: ?=0,76; CCI=0,89); a de autoeficácia dois fatores: recursos para prática de AF (?=0,76; CCI=0,75), apoio social e motivos para prática de AF (?=0,75; CCI=0,67); a de apoio social dois fatores: apoio dos amigos (?=0,90; CCI=0,89) e dos pais (?=0,81; CCI=0,91); a medida de ambiente três fatores: acesso e atratividade dos locais para prática de AF (?=0,69; CCI=0,82), segurança para a prática de AF (?=0,70; CCI=0,75) e infra-estrutura geral do bairro (?=0,73; CCI=0,67). CONCLUSÃO: o questionário demonstrou validade e fidedignidade (consistência interna e reprodutibilidade) satisfatórias, recomendando a sua utilização em adolescentes. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: to develop a questionnaire to measure factors associated with physical activity (PA) in adolescents and analyze its reliability and validity. METHODS: a total of 248 adolescents from 14 to 19 years old took part in this study. The factors associated with PA measured were: attitude, self- [...] efficacy, social support of PA and perceived environment. Cronbach's alpha (?) and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were used to test reliability, and exploratory factor analysis to evaluate validity. RESULTS: attitude was measured as a single factor (attitude: ?=0.76, ICC=0.89); self-efficacy consisted of two factors: resources for PA (?=0.76, ICC=0.75) and social support and motives for engaging in PA (?=0.76, ICC=0.67); social support was measured as two factors: support for PA from friends (?=0.90, ICC=0.89) and support for PA from parents (?= 0.81, ICC=0.91); and the environment was measured as three factors: access to and attractiveness of places to engage in PA (?=0.69, ICC=0.82), security/safety when engaging in PA (?=0.73, ICC=0.67), and general infrastructure of the neighborhood (?=0.70, ICC=0.75). CONCLUSIONS: the questionnaire exhibited satisfactory validity and reliability and can be recommended for studies investigating adolescents.

  16. Factor Structure of the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Wenjie; Ho, Samuel M. Y.; Yu, Bai; Tang, Xiaoqing; Zhang, Yonghong; Li, Tingting; Yuen, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: The present study examined the factorial invariance and functional equivalence of the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS) among the Chinese. Methods: A total of 839 undergraduate students completed the 240-item Simplified Chinese version of the VIA-IS online. Another 40 students participated in qualitative interviews to…

  17. Questionnaire for low back pain in the garment industry workers

    OpenAIRE

    Bindra, Supreet; Sinha, A. G. K.; Benjamin, A. I.

    2013-01-01

    Low back pain affects up to 90% of the world's population at some point in their lives. Until date no questionnaire has been designed for back pain in the garment industry workers. Therefore, the objective of this study is to design a questionnaire to determine the prevalence, risk factors, impact, health care service utilization and back pain features in the garment industry workers and gain preliminary experience of its use. The content validity and reliability of the questionnaire was esta...

  18. The measurement artifact in the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caught, K; Shadur, M A; Rodwell, J J

    2000-12-01

    This study empirically examined the debate in the literature regarding the dimensionality of the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire. The sample comprised 803 employees from organizations in the information technology and hospitality industries. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire appears to have a two-factor structure, with one factor consisting of positively worded items and the other factor, negatively worded items. Scores on both factors correlated significantly with job satisfaction, suggesting that both factors appear to be measuring a similar aspect of organizational commitment and that they present as two factors given as measurement artifacts of the item wording. PMID:11191388

  19. Equal Opportunities Questionnaire

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996 followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equal Opportuni...

  20. Equal Opportunities Questionnaire

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996, which was followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equa...

  1. Validity and Reliability of Sport Organizational Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Sarani

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This research has been designed and conducted to evaluate the validity and reliability of organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire as an instrument in sports environment to assess the status of organizational citizenship behavior dimensions among the athletes of clubs. A 20-question questionnaire has been designed to measure the dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior by studying the background of existing researches and questionnaires. The statistical sample included all of male athletes working in Iran’s Futsal premier league, and 144 questionnaires returned at last. In this research, the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the validity of structure after assessing the validity of content and convergent validity (average variance extracted. And, to evaluate the combinational reliability, Cronbach’s Alpha was used. Moreover, the applications SPSS and PLS-Graph were used to analyze data. The results of exploratory factor analysis indicated that five factors were explained by 69.10% of variance, and Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin was measured 85.5%. The reliability of the questionnaire was reported to be 91% and 93% based on Cronbach’s Alpha and combinational reliability, respectively. Given the fact that the validity and reliability indexes of questionnaire have all been reported to be in a satisfactory condition, this questionnaire can be used as a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure organizational citizenship behavior and its dimensions.

  2. Teacher Stress Questionnaire: validity and reliability study in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zurlo, Maria Clelia; Pes, Daniela; Capasso, Roberto

    2013-10-01

    This study analyses the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Teacher Stress Questionnaire elaborated in England by Travers and Cooper in 1996. This Italian survey was completed by 863 teachers randomly drawn from a cross-section of Italian school levels. The construct validity of the questionnaire was verified by factor analysis and by measuring the internal consistency of the single scales. All dimensions measured by the Teacher Stress Questionnaire were compared for sample subgroups of all teacher levels. Several meaningful and reliable factors emerged from the factor analysis of the scales. The internal consistency of each scale (Cronbach's alpha) revealed satisfactory values. Teachers' age and school level were determining factors for all dimensions of stress explored. The Italian version of the Teacher Stress Questionnaire showed satisfactory psychometric properties and constitutes a useful and reliable measure to analyse stress in Italian schools. PMID:24597443

  3. Emotional Stability Pertaining to the Game of Dungeons & Dragons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Armando

    1987-01-01

    Dungeons & Dragons, game involving extensive fantasy role-playing, has been blamed for suicides and homicides. To examine emotional stability of players, Cattell's Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) was administered to 68 adolescent and adult game players. Results showed no significant correlation between years of playing the game and…

  4. Validity and Reliability of the School Physical Activity Environment Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jeffrey J.; McCaughtry, Nate; Flory, Sara; Murphy, Anne; Wisdom, Kimberlydawn

    2011-01-01

    The goal of the current study was to establish the factor validity of the Questionnaire Assessing School Physical Activity Environment (Robertson-Wilson, Levesque, & Holden, 2007) using confirmatory factor analysis procedures. Another goal was to establish internal reliability and test-retest reliability. The confirmatory factor analysis results…

  5. Development of the Parental Psychological Flexibility Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Kylie; Moore, Susan

    2014-09-19

    This paper describes development and validation of the Parental Psychological Flexibility (PPF) Questionnaire, a parent-report measure designed to assess psychological flexibility among parents of pre-adolescents and adolescents (aged 10-18 years). Psychological flexibility within parenting refers to parents' accepting negative thoughts, emotions and urges about one's child and still acting in ways that are consistent with effective parenting. Exploratory factor analysis (n = 178 parents) of a 43-item draft measure, resulted in a 30-item, 3-factor structure. Three subscales were created, consistent with the psychological flexibility literature: acceptance, cognitive defusion and committed action. A second sample of parents (n = 192) was then used to confirm the factor structure and reliability and validity of the PPF. Results supported the 3-factor structure, reduced the number of items to 19 and demonstrated that the PPF subscales have adequate reliability and validity and are thus suitable for researching psychological flexibility among parents of pre-adolescents and adolescents. PMID:25236325

  6. The comprehensive alcohol expectancy questionnaire: confirmatory factor analysis, measurement invariance, and concurrent validity:psychometric studies based on a representative community sample, two college student samples, and a clinical sample of alcohol-dependent inpatients

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolai, J.

    2008-01-01

    Eine zentrale Stellung in ätiologischen Modellen zur Entwicklung von Alkoholproblemen nehmen Erwartungen bezüglich der Wirkung von Alkohol auf das eigene Erleben ein. Die vorliegende Arbeit liefert eine umfassende psychometrische Evaluation des Comprehensive Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaires (CAEQ) anhand einer studentischen Stichprobe (N = 932), einer repräsentative Bevölkerungsstichprobe (N = 6734) sowie einer Stichprobe alkoholabhängiger Patienten (N = 744). Die faktorielle Struktur ...

  7. ACADEMIC TRAINING LECTURES-QUESTIONNAIRE

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2004-01-01

    ACADEMIC TRAINING Françoise Benz tel. 73127 academic.training@cern.ch SUGGEST AND WIN! Its time to plan the 2004-2005 lecture series. From today until March 19 you have the chance to give your contribution to planning for next year's Academic Training Lecture Series. At the web site: http://cern.ch/Academic.Training/questionnaire you will find questionnaires proposing topics in high energy physics, applied physics and science and society. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at the CERN bookshop.

  8. Evaluating the Validity and Reliability of the Diversity Icebreaker Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Sydorenko, Tetyana

    2012-01-01

    Statistical testing of reliability and validity of a psychological instrument helps to evaluate to which extent the predictions made on this instrument represent the latent construct aimed to be measured. This work assesses the reliability, in terms of internal consistency, and construct validity of the Diversity Icebreaker questionnaire, developed by Human Factors AS (Norway). The main purpose of the questionnaire is to help reveal individuals’ personal preferences for communication an...

  9. Narcotics Center Questionnaire (Spring 1969).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, John B.; And Others

    This questionnaire assesses drug knowledge, drug use practices, and attitudes in junior high school, senior high school, and college students. The 115 items (multiple choice, yes/no, agree/disagree, or completion) deal with personal and demographic data, general attitudes, attitudes toward institutions (police, American business, Army, etc.),…

  10. Energy Balance Survey: Adult Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Physician Survey of Practices on Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight Control -- Adult Questionnaire is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

  11. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PERSONALITY OF INTERNATIONAL VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS OF BRAZIL AND INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Govind Kadam

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The main objective was to study the personality of the volleyball players of India. All the players of Indian team and the players of Brazil team, who came for FIVB Men Volleyball World Championship held at Pune in August 2009, were selected for the study. They were administered the Cattell’s 16 PF questionnaire. The results wereanalyzed with the help of ‘t’ test which showed that there are significant differences found between Indian volleyball players and Brazilian Volleyball players on seven factors but not on nine factors of 16 PF Questionnaire. Indian players scored high on factor ‘F’, factor ‘I’ and factor ‘M’ whereas Brazilian players have scored high on factor ‘B’, factor ‘G’, factor ‘H’ and factor ‘L’. Indian players scored low on Factor B which means that they tend to be slow to learn and grasp and they were dull as compared with Brazilian team, and gives concrete and literal interpretation. This dullness simply represents poor functioning.

  12. Factor de riesgo para suicidio según dos cuestionarios y factores asociados en población estudiantil de la Universidad de Manizales (Colombia), 2011 / Risk factor for suicide according to two questionnaires and factors linked to the student population of a university in Manizales (Colombia), 2011

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sandra Constanza, Cañón; José Jaime, Castaño Castrillon; Beatriz Eugenia, Atehortúa Rojas; Paola, Botero Mejía; Luz Karime, García Ruiz; Luisa María, Rodríguez Vanegas; Carlos Arturo, Tovar Aguirre; Eliana, Rincón Urrego.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El suicidio es una conducta producto de la interacción de muchas variables que llevan al ser humano a tratar de terminar con su vida por sus propios medios. Este estudio pretende identificar el factor de riesgo suicida; además de factores asociados en los estudiantes de pregrado de la Universidad de [...] Manizales. Es un estudio de corte transversal, en el cual se seleccionó una muestra probabilística de 355 alumnos de programas de dicha universidad y se aplicaron los cuestionarios de Beck y Plutchik para riesgo suicida y factores asociados. El estudio mostró un factor de riesgo para suicidio según la Escala de Plutchik de 13,5% y según la Escala de Desesperanza de Beck entre riesgo suicida alto y moderado de un 16,7%. Y como factores asociados se encontraron significativos, según la Escala de Plutchik, el estrato socioeconómico (p= 0,005), presencia de un diagnóstico psiquiátrico (p=0,000), consumo de alcohol (p=0,000) y sustancias psicoactivas (p=0,000), antecedentes familiares de suicidio (p=0,034), funcionalidad familiar (p=0,000), nivel de autoestima (p=0,000), ansiedad (p=0,000) y depresión (p=0,000); según la Escala de Beck, además de los anteriores factores asociados, se encontró la asociación significativa con raza (p=0,003), estado civil (p=0,007), espiritualidad (p=0,000) y el programa de pregrado que se encuentre cursando el estudiante (p=0,000). El Factor de Riesgo para Suicidio, según Escala de Plutchik, es parecido al encontrado en otras poblaciones análogas. Las escalas de Plutchik y de Beck, aunque relacionadas, no son equivalentes. Abstract in english Suicide is a conduct as a result of the interaction of many variables that lead a human being to end with his/her life through their own means. This study pretends to identify the suicidal risk factor and associated factors in undergraduate students of the Universidad de Manizales. This is a Cross-s [...] ectional study, of a probabilistic sample of 355 student of the undergraduate programs of the Universidad de Manizales. The student population that was studied consisted of three hundred and fifty five students. The Plutchik's Scale and Beck's Hopelessness Scale for suicide risk were employed, the associated factors also were measured. This study showed, according to Plutchik's Scale, a suicide risk factor of 13.5%, and a 16.7% of a high and moderate suicide risk factor according to Beck's Scale. The study also threw out important associated factors on the Plutchik's Scale: socioeconomic stratum (p= 0,005), psychiatric diagnosis (p= 0,000), intake of alcohol (p= 0,000) and psychoactive substances consumption (p=0,000), family members with suicidal background (p=0,034), family functionality (p= 0,000), self-esteem levels (p= 0,000), anxiety (p= 0,000) and depression (p= 0,000). In relation to Beck's Scale, besides the factors that were previously mentioned, the following were found race (p=0,003), marital status (p= 0,007), spirituality (p= 0,000), and the undergraduate program that each student is part of (p= 0,000). Plutchik Risk factor for suicide, is similar to that found in others similar populations. Plutchik and Beck scales are not equivalent but related.

  13. Evaluate Stochastikon Magister by Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaomin Zhai

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the continuation of the work of articles “Strategies for Teaching a Novel Approach to Handling Uncertainty Scientifically via Internet”, “A Graphical Tool for Visualizing Bernoulli Stochastics” and “Empirical Evaluation of Stochastikon Magister”. In this paper we evaluate the usability and learnability of the virtual classroom – Stochastikon Magister by questionnaire. The result shows that more than 70% of the teacher candidates, who selected Magister E-Learning programme to learn Bernoulli Stochastics, feel satisfactory with both Magister learning environment and Bernoulli Stochastics teaching content. Besides, most of the participants hold positive attitudes toward the possibility of using E-Learning systems as a replacement of classroom teaching for educating other subjects of mathematics and natural science. The response to the questionnaire is identical with another empirical evaluation of Stochastikon Magister.

  14. Evaluate Stochastikon Magister by Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaomin Zhai; Elart von Collani

    2011-01-01

    This paper is the continuation of the work of articles “Strategies for Teaching a Novel Approach to Handling Uncertainty Scientifically via Internet”, “A Graphical Tool for Visualizing Bernoulli Stochastics” and “Empirical Evaluation of Stochastikon Magister”. In this paper we evaluate the usability and learnability of the virtual classroom – Stochastikon Magister by questionnaire. The result shows that more than 70% of the teacher candidates, who selected Magister E-Learning pr...

  15. Validity and reliability of a questionnaire on knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors for use in Brazil / Validez y confiabilidad del cuestionario de conocimiento de factores de riesgo cardiovascular para su uso en el Brasil / Validade e fidedignidade de um questionario de conhecimento de fatores de risco cardiovascular para uso no Brasil

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marco Aurelio Lumertz, Saffi; Luis Joeci Jacques de, Macedo Junior; Melina Maria, Trojahn; Carisi Anne, Polanczyk; Eneida Rejane, Rabelo-Silva.

    1083-10-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo metodológico foi realizar adaptação transcultural e validar para uso no Brasil um questionário de conhecimento dos fatores de risco cardiovascular (Q-FARCS), mudança do estilo de vida e adesão em uma amostra de pacientes com doença arterial coronariana. O questionário é divid [...] ido em três escores: conhecimento geral dos fatores de risco; conhecimento específico e mudanças no estilo de vida. A adaptação transcultural incluiu tradução, síntese, retrotradução, análise por comitê de especialistas e pré-teste. Validade de face e conteúdo, fidedignidade e validade de constructo foram mensuradas. Na amostra total (n=240) o Alpha de Cronbach foi de 0,75. Na análise das propriedades psicométricas, a validade de face e de conteúdo mostraram-se adequadas; a de constructo indicou sete componentes. Pode-se concluir que a versão adaptada para o Brasil do Q-FARCS apresentou adequada fidedignidade e validade para avaliar o conhecimento dos fatores de risco cardiovascular. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio metodológico fue realizar la adaptación transcultural y validar para su uso en el Brasil, un cuestionario de conocimiento de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular (Q-FARCS), el cambio del estilo de vida y adhesión al tratamiento en una muestra de pacientes con enfermedad [...] arterial coronaria. El cuestionario está dividido en tres scores: conocimiento general de los factores de riesgo; conocimiento específico y cambios en el estilo de vida. La adaptación transcultural incluyó traducción, síntesis, retro-traducción, análisis por comité de especialistas y pre-test. Validez de apariencia y contenido, confiabilidad y validez de constructo fueron medidas. En la muestra total (n=240) el Alfa de Cronbach fue de 0,75. En el análisis de las propiedades psicométricas, la validez de apariencia y de contenido se mostraron adecuadas; la validez de constructo indicó siete componentes. Se concluye que la versión adaptada para el Brasil del Q-FARCS presentó adecuada confiabilidad y validez para evaluar el conocimiento de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Abstract in english Using a sample of patients with coronary artery disease, this methodological study aimed to conduct a cross-cultural adaptation and validation of a questionnaire on knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors (Q-FARCS), lifestyle changes, and treatment adherence for use in Brazil. The questionnaire has [...] three scales: general knowledge of risk factors (RFs); specific knowledge of these RFs; and lifestyle changes achieved. Cross-cultural adaptation included translation, synthesis, back-translation, expert committee review, and pretesting. Face and content validity, reliability, and construct validity were measured. Cronbach’s alpha for the total sample (n = 240) was 0.75. Assessment of psychometric properties revealed adequate face and content validity, and the construct revealed seven components. It was concluded that the Brazilian version of Q-FARCS had adequate reliability and validity for the assessment of knowledge of cardiovascular RFs.

  16. Validation of a questionnaire of knowledge about asthma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An educative intervention destined to increase the knowledge in asthma allows the children and/or its parents to acquire abilities that allow to prevent and/or to handle the asthmatic attacks, decreasing the morbidity produced by the disease, nevertheless we do not account with a validated instrument that allows us to quantify the level of asthma knowledge. The objective is to develop and to validate a questionnaire of knowledge about asthma to be filled out by the parents and/or people in charge of the care of the asthmatic pediatric patients. The 17 items that conform the questionnaire were obtained alter literature review, realization of focal groups the professional experience of the investigators and the realization of pilot studies. The face content and concurrent validity of the instrument was evaluated; we also determined the factor structure, test-retest reproducibility, and sensitivity to change of the questionnaire. We included 120 patients with average age of 4.5 %3.7 years the factor analysis demonstrated a probable structure of three factors that altogether explain 85% of the total variance of the results the face and content validity was based on the concept of a multi-disciplinary group of experts in the field the concurrent validity was demonstrated by the ability of the questionnaire to distinguish low from high knowledge parents. Test-retest reproducibility and sensitivity to change were demonstrated comparing scores of the questionnaire filled out ng scores of the questionnaire filled out in two different occasions. The questionnaire of knowledge of asthma developed in the study is a useful and reliable tool to quantify the basal level of asthma knowledge in parents of asthmatic children and to determine the effectiveness of an educative intervention destined to increase the knowledge and understanding of the disease

  17. The Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ): Examination in Nonclinical Samples and Development of a Short Version

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moulding, Richard; Anglim, Jeromy; Nedeljkovic, Maja; Doron, Guy; Kyrios, Michael; Ayalon, Ariel

    2011-01-01

    The study aimed to examine the factor structure of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ), the most widely used measure of dysfunctional beliefs in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Multiple exploratory methods (exploratory factor analysis, cluster analysis by variable, multidimensional scaling) were used to examine the questionnaire.…

  18. IS ALOPECIA AREATA PSYCHOSOMATIC ?

    OpenAIRE

    Devar, J. V.

    1983-01-01

    Thirty cases of alopecia Areata from O.P.D. of Govt. Hospital, Madras were administered Indian Version of schedule of Recent Experience, Taylor's Manifest Anxiety Scale, Beck's Depressive Inventory, Hostility Direction and Hostility Questionnaire of Fould's and Cattell's 16 PF Questionnaire (Form E) to find out antecedent stress, anxiety, depression, hostility and personality factors. Thirty cases of Tinea versicolor as well as normal controls matched for age, sex, educational level and incom...

  19. The Pediatric Stroke Recurrence and Recovery Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichord, Rebecca N.; Dowling, Michael M.; Rafay, Mubeen; Templeton, Jeffrey; Halperin, Aviva; Smith, Sabrina E.; Licht, Daniel J.; Moharir, Mahendranath; Askalan, Rand; deVeber, Gabrielle

    2012-01-01

    Objective: We developed the Recurrence and Recovery Questionnaire (RRQ) by converting the Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure (PSOM) to a questionnaire for telephone interview and sought to validate the RRQ in a large cohort. Method: We analyzed parents' RRQ responses and same-day PSOM assessments for 232 children who had arterial ischemic stroke, cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, or presumed perinatal ischemic stroke. We assessed the agreement and consistency of the PSOM and RRQ, and we identified conditions that contributed to differences between the 2 measures. We tested selected factors as predictors of differences between the total PSOM and total RRQ (tPSOM and tRRQ) scores. Results: Median PSOM score was 1.5 and median RRQ score was 1.5. There was good agreement between tPSOM and tRRQ, and RRQ was a reliable estimator of PSOM at the total and component level. Preexisting neurologic deficits or chronic illnesses increased the difference between the tPSOM and tRRQ; the chronic illness effect was confirmed with univariate analysis. Conclusions: The RRQ can characterize poststroke function when a child cannot return for examination. While the RRQ is not identical to the PSOM, the 2 measures likely assess closely related aspects of recovery. The RRQ is particularly useful when assessing outcomes of large cohorts, and will be useful in performing long-term follow-up studies of pediatric stroke. PMID:22895580

  20. Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ: Development and validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LucyFoulkes

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Human beings seek out social interactions as a source of reward. To date, there have been limited attempts to identify different forms of social reward, and little is known about how the value of social rewards might vary between individuals. This study aimed to address both these issues by developing the Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ, a measure of individual differences in the value of different social rewards. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA was run on an initial set of 75 items (N=305. Based on this analysis, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was then conducted on a second sample (N=505 with a refined 23-item scale. This analysis was used to test a six-factor structure, which resulted in good model fit (CFI=.96, RSMEA=.07. The factors represent six subscales of social reward defined as follows: Admiration; Negative Social Potency; Passivity; Prosocial Interactions; Sexual Reward; and Sociability. All subscales demonstrated good test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Each subscale also showed a distinct pattern of associations with external correlates measuring personality traits, attitudes and goals, thus demonstrating construct validity. Taken together, the findings suggest that the SRQ is a reliable, valid measure that can be used to assess individual differences in the value experienced from different social rewards.

  1. Factoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mr Clark

    2012-10-31

    Test your factoring skills Factors and Multiples Jeopardy How much do you know about factoring and multiples? Play Jeopardy and find out! Prime Factoring Turkey Shoot Blast these turkeys using your factoring skills. Help the Professor Super save the planet by "cooking" the Giant Frozen Turkeys of Destruction. Math Lines 12 X-Factor Shoot the ball at the other factors to get a product of 12. You can also ...

  2. Business and Impact Alignment of Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Piterenko, Kateryna

    2013-01-01

    Survey is a quick common instrument for information gathering. One of the most common forms of the survey is a questionnaire. Questionnaire is “a technique for gathering statistical information about the attributes, attitudes or actions of a population by administering standardized questions to some or all its members.” [5] In this thesis we are discussing business impact of questionnaire and problems related to questionnaire design. Aim of this project is universal solution for questionn...

  3. Relationships between the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ) and the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Marie; Bunting, Jane; Hammersley, Richard

    2005-10-01

    The outcome expectancies of 250 respondents were examined using the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ), comparing expectancies about four different foods: fruit, vegetables, chocolate and sweets and plain biscuits. These expectancies were related to diet as assessed by a Food Frequency Questionnaire. As with alcohol expectancies [Jones, B. T., Corbin, W. & Fromme, K. (2001). A review of expectancy theory and alcohol consumption. Addiction, 96, 57-72], on which this research was modelled, positive and negative outcomes were the main factors for all foods, accounting jointly for between 33 and 40% of expectancy variance in factor analysis and predicting as much as 16% of the variance in relevant food intake measures by linear regression. Expected positive and negative outcomes of eating were predominantly immediate psychological after-effects, rather than including orosensory experiences, or longer-term effects on health or well-being. Other expectancies varied from food to food. FEQ expectancies for different foods have similar factor structure and were related to self-reported diet, the FEQ therefore shows promise as a means of modelling cognitions about eating. PMID:15949872

  4. Development and Validation of the Cognitive Behavioral Physical Activity Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schembre, Susan M; Durand, Casey P; Blissmer, Bryan J; Greene, Geoffrey W

    2014-08-27

    Abstract Purpose . Develop and demonstrate preliminary validation of a brief questionnaire aimed at assessing social cognitive determinants of physical activity (PA) in a college population. Design . Quantitative and observational. Setting . A midsized northeastern university. Subjects . Convenience sample of 827 male and female college students age 18 to 24 years. Measures . International Physical Activity Questionnaire and a PA stage-of-change algorithm. Analysis . A sequential process of survey development, including item generation and data reduction analyses by factor analysis, was followed with the goal of creating a parsimonious questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was used for confirmatory factor analysis and construct validation was confirmed against self-reported PA and stage of change. Validation analyses were replicated in a second, independent sample of 1032 college students. Results . Fifteen items reflecting PA self-regulation, outcome expectations, and personal barriers explained 65% of the questionnaire data and explained 28.6% and 39.5% of the variance in total PA and moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA, respectively. Scale scores were distinguishable across the stages of change. Findings were similar when the Cognitive Behavioral Physical Activity Questionnaire (CBPAQ) was tested in a similar and independent sample of college students (40%; R(2) moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA = .40; p studies aiming at understanding and improving on PA behavior in college students. PMID:25162324

  5. A Structural Examination of the Learning Experiences Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokar, David M.; Buchanan, Taneisha S.; Subich, Linda M.; Hall, Rosalie J.; Williams, Christine M.

    2012-01-01

    The underlying factor structure of the Learning Experiences Questionnaire (LEQ; Schaub, 2004) was examined using data from 742 male and female college-age respondents. The LEQ items reflect a variety of learning experiences (generated based on Bandura's (1986, 1997) four sources of self-efficacy perceptions) that might occur in each of Holland's…

  6. The Cocaine Expectancy Questionnaire (CEQ): Construction and Predictive Utility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaffe, Adam J.; Kilbey, M. Marlyne

    1994-01-01

    An instrument to measure cocaine-related expectancies across a continuum of use, the Cocaine Expectancy Questionnaire (CEQ), was developed and tested with 765 college students and 87 cocaine abusers. Expectancy factors identified by the CEQ were found to be powerful predictors of cocaine use. (SLD)

  7. The Development and Psychometric Properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, R. Lindsey; Keller, Melody L.; Piacentini, John; Bergman, Andrea J.

    2008-01-01

    Research on selective mutism (SM) has been limited by the absence of standardized, psychometrically sound assessment measures. The purpose of our investigation was to present two studies that examined the factor structure and initial reliability and validity of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ), a 17-item parent report measure of failure to…

  8. The Structure and Validity of the Multidimensional Social Support Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardesty, Patrick H.; Richardson, George B.

    2012-01-01

    The factor structure and concurrent validity of the Multidimensional Social Support Questionnaire, a brief measure of perceived social support for use with adolescents, was examined. Findings suggest that four dimensions of perceived social support may yield more information than assessments of the unitary construct of support. (Contains 8 tables…

  9. A Brief Guide to Questionnaire Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert Frary

    This comprehensive guide leads the user step-by-step through questionnaire creation. Topics include preliminary considerations, writing the questionnaire items, issues that may come up when giving the questionnaire, statistical considerations, and references for further reading. This resource is intended for novice and professional evaluators.

  10. Versão portuguesa do questionário de bem-estar espiritual (SWBQ): análise confirmatória da sua estrutura factorial / Portuguese version of the spiritual well-being questionnaire (SWBQ): confirmatory factor analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria J., Gouveia; Marta, Marques; José L. Pais, Ribeiro.

    Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A espiritualidade tem sido recentemente associada à saúde através do conceito de Bem estar espiritual (BEE). Este define-se como um estado dinâmico que se reflecte na qualidade das relações que o indivíduo estabelece consigo próprio, com os outros, com o ambiente e com algo que transcende o domínio [...] humano. Apresentam-se os resultados psicométricos da adaptação portuguesa do Spiritual Well-being Questionnaire -SWBQp (SWBQ; Gomez & Fisher, 2003, 2005a,b). O SWBQp foi aplicado a uma amostra de 439 sujeitos adultos, com idade M=36.47, DP=10.77 (16-71 anos) e de ambos os sexos (F=61.6%; M=38.4%). O questionário inclui 20 itens que avaliam o grau em que o respondente sente estar a desenvolver cada um dos quatro domínios de BEE - pessoal, comunitário, ambiental e transcendental. O SWBQp apresenta globalmente uma estrutura factorial aceitável, congruente com a original e bons níveis de consistência interna. Os resultados são promissores e permitem prosseguir com a utilização deste instrumento para investigação, podendo, no entanto, ser melhorada. Abstract in english The assumption that spirituality is linked to health led to the development of the spiritual well-being (SWB) concept. SWB can be defined as a dynamic state of being reflecting positive feelings, behaviours, and cognitions of relationships with oneself, others, the transcendent and nature. The psych [...] ometric properties of a Portuguese version of the Spiritual Well-being Questionnaire -SWBQp (SWBQ; Gomez & Fisher, 2003, 2005a,b) are presented. The SWBQp was administered to 439 adults, between 1671 years old (M=36.47, SD=10.77), 61.6 % were female and 38.4% were male. The SWBQp is a 20 item self-report instrument in which participants are asked to rate in what extent they are developing each one of the items that compose the four SWB domains (personal, communal, environmental and transcendental). The structural model of the measure is satisfactory and similar to the original version. It presents good internal consistency scores. These results suggest that the SWBQp is a valid and reliable measure to use in research studies. Nevertheless, it can be further improved.

  11. Psychometric properties of the Body Checking Questionnaire in college women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Emily K; Claudat, Kim; Jones, Sarah C; Barchard, Kimberly A; Warren, Cortney S

    2015-03-01

    While the Body Checking Questionnaire (BCQ; Reas et al., 2002) is the most commonly-used measure of body checking behaviors, findings on the factor structure in nonclinical samples are mixed. This study investigated the factor structure and psychometric properties of the BCQ among nonclinical college women. In Study 1 (n=326), an exploratory factor analysis indicated factors corresponding to (a) behavioral and (b) visual checking. In Study 2 (n=1013), a confirmatory factor analysis revealed adequate fit for these factors, better than the original or total score solutions. Scales based upon the two factors demonstrated good internal consistency, convergent validity with measures of eating pathology, and sensitivity for detecting at-risk eating pathology. Results suggest an alternate two-factor solution that differs from the original three-factor solution. PMID:25621731

  12. Validation of the Reflux Disease Questionnaire into Greek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christos Lionis

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Primary care physicians face challenges in diagnosing and managing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD. The Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ meets the standards of validity, reliability, and practicability. This paper reports on the validation of the Greek translation of the RDQ. RDQ is a condition specific instrument. For the validation of the questionnaire, the internal consistency of its items was established using the alpha coefficient of Chronbach. The reproducibility (test-retest reliability was measured by kappa correlation coefficient and the criterion of validity was calculated against the diagnosis of another questionnaire already translated and validated into Greek (IDGP using kappa correlation coefficient. A factor analysis was also performed. Greek RDQ showed a high overall internal consistency (alpha value: 0.91 for individual comparison. All 8 items regarding heartburn and regurgitation, GERD, had good reproducibility (Cohen’s ? 0.60-0.79, while the remaining 4 items about dyspepsia had a moderate reproducibility (Cohen’s ?=’ 0.40-0.59 The kappa coefficient for criterion validity for GERD was rather poor (0.20, 95% CI: 0.04, 0.36 and the overall agreement between the results of the RDQ questionnaire and those based on the IDGP questionnaire was 70.5%. Factor analysis indicated 3 factors with Eigenvalue over 1.0, and responsible for 76.91% of variance. Regurgitation items correlated more strongly with the third component but pain behind sternum and upper stomach pain correlated with the second component. The Greek version of RDQ seems to be a reliable and valid instrument following the pattern of the original questionnaire, and could be used in primary care research in Greece.

  13. The psychology of persecutory ideation I: a questionnaire survey.

    OpenAIRE

    Freeman, D.; Dunn, G.; Garety, Pa; Bebbington, P.; Slater, M.; Kuipers, E.; Fowler, D.; Green, C.; Jordan, J.; Ray, K.

    2005-01-01

    Paranoia is a complex phenomenon that is likely to arise from a number of factors. In a recent cognitive model of persecutory delusions, three key factors are highlighted: anomalous experiences, emotion, and reasoning. In the first of two linked studies, we report a questionnaire survey of nonclinical paranoia designed to assess the theoretical model. A nonclinical population (N = 327) completed measures of paranoia, anomalous experiences (hallucinatory predisposition, perceptual anomalies), ...

  14. Psychometric Properties of the Behavioral Inhibition Questionnaire in Preschool Children

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Jiyon; Klein, Daniel N.; Olino, Thomas M.; Dyson, Margaret W.; Dougherty, Lea R.; Durbin, C. Emily

    2011-01-01

    We examined the psychometric properties of the Behavioral Inhibition Questionnaire (BIQ), a rating scale for children’s behavioral inhibition (BI). Parent and teacher ratings, parent interviews, and laboratory observations were obtained for 495 preschoolers. Confirmatory factor analysis yielded six factors, each reflecting the BIQ’s subscales, and all loading onto a second-order general dimension. Model fit was acceptable for parent ratings, but only marginal for teacher ratings. The conv...

  15. Development and Validation of the Infant Feeding Style Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Thompson, Amanda L.; Mendez, Michelle A.; Borja, Judith B.; Adair, Linda S.; Zimmer, Catherine R.; Bentley, Margaret E.

    2009-01-01

    This study describes and validates the Infant Feeding Style Questionnaire (IFSQ), a self-report instrument designed to measure feeding beliefs and behaviors among mothers of infants and young children. Categorical confirmatory factor analysis was used to estimate latent factors for five feeding styles, laissez-faire, restrictive, pressuring, responsive and indulgent, and to validate that items hypothesized a priori as measures of each style yielded well-fitting models. Models were tested and ...

  16. Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ay?egül KART

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the validity and reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire -Turkish Version (ACQ. Method: ACQ was administered to 92 patients with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Reliability of ACQ was analyzed by test-retest correlation, split-half technique, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Construct validity was evaluated by factor analysis after the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO and Bartlett test had been performed. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis. Results: 64% of patients evaluated in the study were female and 36% were male. Age interval was between 18 and 58, mean age was 31.5±10.4. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.91. Analysis of test-retest evaluations revealed that there were statistically significant correlations ranging between 24% and 84% concerning questionnaire components. In analysis performed by split-half method reliability coefficients of half questionnaires were found as 0.77 and 0.91. Again Spearmen-Brown coefficient was found as 0.87 by the same analysis. To assess construct validity of ACQ, factor analysis was performed and two basic factors found. These two factors explained 57.6% of the total variance. (Factor 1: 34.6%, Factor 2: 23% Conclusion: Our findings support that ACQ-Turkish version had a satisfactory level of reliability and validity

  17. Validation of the Greek Translation of the Nursing Dimensions Inventory questionnaire (NDI-35)

    OpenAIRE

    Evagelia Kotrotsiou; Mary Gouva; Stiliani Kotrotsiou; Maria Malliarou; Theodosios Paralikas

    2014-01-01

    Context: The concept of care is a fundamental issue in nursing science. Therefore the development and the use of tools for assessing care is an imperative for the nursing profession. The NDI-35 questionnaire is one such tool for assessing the nursing care. Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to adapt and use the NDI-35 questionnaire in Greek nursing practice. A translation and validation of NDI-35 questionnaire is performed. Methods: Exploratory factor analyses, as well as internal consi...

  18. The development and validation of the communicating-for-change questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Roodt, G.; Fourie, L.; Coetzee, C. J. H.

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire that measures the effectiveness of communication during organisational change interventions. A draft questionnaire was completed by a sample of convenience comprising 521 participants. The questionnaire contained 109 items in question format with a Likert-type response scale anchored at the extreme ends. The data was factor analysed and an iterative item analysis was executed. The results yielded a single scale with a Cronbach ...

  19. The eating disorder belief questionnaire: psychometric properties in an adolescent sample.

    OpenAIRE

    Rose, Ks; Cooper, Mj; Turner, H.

    2006-01-01

    The current study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Eating Disorder Belief Questionnaire in older adolescent females. Three hundred and sixty-seven girls aged 17 or 18 who were in secondary school education completed the Eating Disorder Belief Questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory and the Eating Attitudes Test. They also provided information on height and weight. The Eating Disorder Belief Questionnaire had an almost identical factor structure to that previously f...

  20. PREVALENCIA DE LOS ENFOQUES DE APRENDIZAJE EN ESTUDIANTES DE FISIOLOGÍA MÉDICA: CUESTIONARIO DE PROCESO DE ESTUDIO REVISADO DE DOS FACTORES (R-SPQ-2F) / PREVALENCE OF LEARNING APPROACHES IN MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY STUDENTS: REVISED STUDY PROCESS QUESTIONNAIRE IN TWO-FACTORS (R-SPQ-2F)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Efraín, Riveros Pérez; Martha, Bernal; Nubia, González.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de la metodología de aprendizaje basada en proyectos de investigación dirigida, sobre la prevalencia de los enfoques de aprendizaje. Metodología: se administró el cuestionario R-SPQ-2F (Cuestionario de proceso de estudio revisado de dos factores), a una población de 98 es [...] tudiantes del curso de fisiología médica de la Universidad de Boyacá, a final de semestre, tras la implementación de proyectos de investigación dirigidos durante el periodo académico. Se determinaron los enfoques, motivos y estrategias de aprendizaje para cada estudiante y se correlacionó la información con las notas en escala numérica al finalizar el curso. Resultados: la mayoría de estudiantes mostraron un enfoque profundo (86.6 %), predominantemente, en intensidad baja (54 %). Se halló una correlación entre el enfoque y la calificación numérica al final del curso. Conclusiones: la implementación de proyectos de investigación dirigidos fue útil para generar un enfoque profundo de aprendizaje en los estudiantes y viéndose reflejado en su rendimiento en escala numérica al final del curso. Sin embargo, la intensidad del enfoque es aún baja y requiere más trabajo en todo el Departamento de Ciencias Básicas a nivel de desarrollo curricular. Abstract in english Objective: to evaluate the effect of learning methodology based on research projects, focused on the prevalence of learning approaches. Methods: the R-SPQ-2F (Revised Study Process Questionnaire in Two Factors) was administered at the end of the semester to 98 medical students enrolled in a physiolo [...] gy course at Universidad de Boyacá after hiving implemented supervised research projects during the academic period. Approaches, motives and learning strategies for each student were determined and the information was correlated with the information of grades given in a numerical scale at the end of the course. Results: most students exhibited a deep learning approach (86.6 %) predominantly in low intensity (54 %). A correlation was found between learning approach and academic performance. Conclusions: the implementation of supervised research projects was helpful in generating a deep approach to learning in this population, which was reflected on academic performance reported in numerical scale at the end of the course. However, the intensity of the approach is still low and it requires more work in the Basic Sciences Department at the curriculum development level.

  1. A mathematics vocabulary questionnaire for use in the intermediate phase

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marthie van der, Walt; Kobus, Maree; Suria, Ellis.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Teachers and psychologists need an instrument to assess learners' language proficiency in mathematics to enable them to plan and evaluate interventions and to facilitate best practice in mathematics classrooms. We describe the development of a mathematics vocabulary questionnaire to measure learners [...] ' language proficiency in mathematics in the intermediate phase. It covers all the steps from designing the preliminary questionnaire to standardising the final instrument. A sample of 1 103 Grades 4 to 7 Afrikaans-, English- and Tswana-speaking learners in North West Province completed the Mathematics Vocabulary questionnaire (Primary) (MV(P)), consisting of 12 items. We analysed the data by calculating discrimination values, performing a factor analysis, determining reliability coefficients, and investigating item bias by language, gender, and grade. We concluded that there was strong evidence of validity and reliability for the MV(P).

  2. Satisfaction with gastrostomy feeding in caregivers of children with home enteral nutrition: application of the SAGA-8 questionnaire and analysis of involved factors / Satisfacción con la alimentación mediante gastrostomía en cuidadores de niños con nutrición enteral domiciliaria: aplicación del cuestionario SAGA-8 y análisis de los factores implicados

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cecilia, Martínez-Costa; Caterina, Calderón; Lilianne, Gómez-López; Soraya, Borraz; Consuelo, Pedrón-Giner.

    1121-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Valorar el grado de satisfacción de los cuidadores de niños con alimentación mediante gastrostomía aplicando el cuestionario estructurado SAGA-8. Segundo, evaluar si la satisfacción parental guarda relación con diversas variables independientes. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observaciona [...] l, transversal en 92 cuidadores de niños con enfermedades crónicas que recibían alimentación mediante gastrostomía. Se analizaron los siguientes datos: satisfacción de los cuidadores con la alimentación por gastrostomía (SAGA-8), edad de implantación de la gastrostomía, parámetros antropométricos, tiempo de soporte nutricional, características demográficas familiares y estado psicológico del cuidador. Resultados: Todos los cuidadores eran madres. La mayoría (82,6%) manifestaron una elevada satisfacción con la alimentación mediante gastrostomía. El 85,9% resaltó la sencillez de la técnica sintiéndose el 85,9% muy satisfecha con el apoyo ofrecido por el centro. Un 73,9% de las madres percibió mejoría nutricional en su hijo, señalando el 89,1% un mayor bienestar familiar. Además, el 75% de las madres comunicaron una disminución en el tiempo de alimentación y el 68,5% una reducción en la morbilidad respiratoria. Finalmente, el 71,7% de las madres reconoció que hubieran aceptado antes el procedimiento. La satisfacción se correlacionó significativamente con la edad de implantación de la gastrostomía y con la duración del soporte nutricional, explicando ambos factores el 19,4% de la varianza de la satisfacción. No se encontró correlación con datos antropométricos, tipo de soporte nutricional, características demográficas familiares ni con el estado psicológico del cuidador. Conclusiones: El cuestionario SAGA-8 es sencillo, específico y fácil de aplicar para evaluar el grado de satisfacción de los padres/cuidadores con la alimentación mediante gastrostomía contribuyendo a su monitorización. La duración del soporte nutricional y la precocidad en la implantación de la gastrostomía son los responsables principales de la satisfacción de los cuidadores. Abstract in english Aims: To assess the degree of satisfaction of caregivers of children with gastrostomy tube (GT) feeding through the structured questionnaire SAGA-8. Secondly, to evaluate if the parental satisfaction degree was related to several independent variables. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study [...] was performed in 92 caregivers of children with GT feeding and chronic diseases. The following data was obtained: caregiver satisfaction with GT feeding (SAGA-8), age at GT placement, anthropometric data, length and mode of nutritional support, family demographic characteristics and caregiver psychological status. Results: All primary caregivers were mothers. High satisfaction with GT feeding was expressed by 82.6% of families. The simplicity of the system was emphasized by 87%, and 85.9% were very satisfied with the support received from the hospital staff. 73.9% of mothers acknowledged their child's nutritional status had improved and 89.1% rated the enhancement family's overall situation. Moreover, 75% of mothers reduced feeding-time, and 68.5% reported less respiratory infections. Finally, 71.7% of mothers recognized that they would have implemented this technique earlier. Caregiver satisfaction was positively correlated with age at GT placement and length of treatment, and both variables explained the 19.4% of the satisfaction variance. No correlation with anthropometric data, nutrition support mode, family demographic characteristics or caregiver psychological status was observed. Conclusions: The SAGA-8 questionnaire is a simple, specific, straight-forward tool to evaluate parental/caregiver degree of satisfaction with GT feeding and facilitates effective monitoring of the intervention. Lengths of HEN and precocious age at GT placement are responsible for most of parental satisfaction.

  3. Avaliação psicométrica do Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ) / Psychometric assessment of the Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Pedro Henrique Berbert de, Carvalho; Maria Aparecida, Conti; Mário Sérgio, Ribeiro; Ana Carolina Soares, Amaral; Maria Elisa Caputo, Ferreira.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar as propriedades psicométricas do Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ), com recurso à análise fatorial exploratória e confirmatória, validade convergente e discriminante, e reprodutibilidade (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse e ?-Cronbach), realizadas c [...] om 287 universitários brasileiros entre 18 e 30 anos de idade. O MBCQ obteve estrutura fatorial adequada, com quatro fatores que explicam 64,32% da variância dos resultados, validade convergente - associação significativa (p Abstract in english This study aimed to analyze the psychometric properties of the Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ) applying exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, concurrent and discriminant validity, and reliability (intra-class coefficient correlation and Cronbach's alpha). Two hundred and eighty seven [...] Brazilian undergraduate students between 18 and 30 years old were evaluated. The MBCQ showed adequate factor structure with four factors that explain 64.32% of total variance, concurrent validity - significant association with body dissatisfaction (p

  4. Development of Questionnaire on Emotional Labor among Primary and Secondary School Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanling Liu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, based on the analysis of existing definitions of emotional labor, operational definition of teachers' emotional labor is given and questionnaire on emotional labor among primary and secondary school teachers is developed. Research results: exploratory factor analysis shows that teacher’s emotional labor involves three dimensions including surface acting, active deep acting and passive deep acting; the questionnaire has good reliability and validity; confirmatory factor analysis shows that emotional labor questionnaire involving three factors is established, which further verifies the validity of scale on emotional labor among primary and secondary school teachers.

  5. An Examination of the Construct Validity of the Middle Childhood Temperament Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClowry, Sandra Graham; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Examined the construct validity of the Middle Childhood Temperament Questionnaire. Factor analysis revealed five factors. The factors of task persistence, negative reactivity, approach-withdrawal, and activity, but not the factor of responsiveness, were determined to have satisfactory levels of reliability. (MM)

  6. Factorize

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    This interactive applet allows a student to visually explore the concept of factors by creating different rectangular arrays for a number. The user constructs the array by clicking and dragging on a grid. The length and width of the array are factors of the number. A student can elect an option of a randomly selected number or the student selects his own number between 2 and 50. Exploration questions are included to promote student discovery of mathematical concepts with factors.

  7. The General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ Development and psychometric characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland Martin

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Continual quality improvement in primary care is an international priority. In the United Kingdom, the major initiative for improving quality of care is the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QoF of the 2004 GP contract. Although the primary focus of the QoF is on clinical care, it is acknowledged that a comprehensive assessment of quality also requires valid and reliable measurement of the patient perspective, so financial incentives are included in the contract for general practices to survey patients' views. One questionnaire specified for use in the QoF is the General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ. This paper describes the development of the GPAQ (with post-consultation and postal versions and presents a preliminary examination of the psychometric properties of the questionnaire. Methods Description of scale development and preliminary analysis of psychometric characteristics (internal reliability, factor structure, based on a large dataset of routinely collected GPAQ surveys (n = 190,038 responses to the consultation version of GPAQ and 20,309 responses to the postal version from practices in the United Kingdom during the 2005–6 contract year. Results Respondents tend to report generally favourable ratings. Responses were particularly skewed on the GP communication scale, though no more so than for other questionnaires in current use in the UK for which data were available. Factor analysis identified 2 factors that clearly relate to core concepts in primary care quality ('access' and 'interpersonal care' that were common to both version of the GPAQ. The other factors related to 'enablement' in the post-consultation version and 'nursing care' in the postal version. Conclusion This preliminary evaluation indicates that the scales of the GPAQ are internally reliable and that the items demonstrate an interpretable factor structure. Issues concerning the distributions of GPAQ responses are discussed. Potential further developments of the item content for the GPAQ are also outlined.

  8. Polish adaptation and validation of the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire and the Body Sensations Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Micha?owski, Jaros?aw M.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The present study aimed at the adaptation and validation of two questionnaires assessing fear of bodily sensations (BSQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz Dozna? Cielesnych [KDC] and concerns specific to agoraphobics (ACQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz My?li Towarzysz?cych Agorafobii [KMTA].Method. The study included a total of 82 patients diagnosed with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia according to the diagnostic criteria of the DSM-IV as well as 100 control subjects who did not show the presence of mental disorders.Results. The results showed that both adapted questionnaires meet basic psychometric criteria. The Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ are characterized by a high content validity, internal consistency and showed to be stable over a period of 28 days. Moreover, the factor structure of the Polish version of the ACQ showed to be highly similar to the original version.Conclusions Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ have been found to be reliable and valid research and diagnostic instruments for the assessment of fear for bodily sensations and agoraphobic cognitions. Due to their high efficiency and adequate psychometric characteristics these measures might be very useful in research as well as in the diagnosis and evaluation of therapeutic effects.

  9. The celebrity appeal questionnaire: sex, entertainment, or leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stever, Gayle S

    2008-08-01

    The Celebrity Appeal Questionnaire was constructed to operationalize constructs related to why fans are attracted to their favorite celebrities and was developed for use with fan bases for specific celebrities. This revised version asked fans of a specific celebrity to rank order three roles they might see the target celebrity playing in society with an option to not rank them at all. Of 409 respondents attending Josh Groban fan club meetings, 75% said Groban's most important role in society was as a leader and role model in trying to make the world a better place. A factor analysis of correlations of Likert-type scale ratings and an analysis relating those factors back to the rank orderings support the internal reliability and validity of the questionnaire. PMID:18982944

  10. Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellen Taylor-Powell

    This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

  11. Applying Learning Strategy Questionnaires: Problems and Possibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schellings, Gonny

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses measuring learning strategies by means of questionnaires. In "multi-method" research, in which think-aloud measures are compared with questionnaires, low or moderate correlations are found. A conclusion often drawn is that learners are not able to verbally report on their learning activities. Alternative explanations concern…

  12. Questionnaire-based risk assessment system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to reduce human errors efficiently, it is important to evaluate error-likely tasks and improve them. There are a lot of evaluation methods, for example, experimental evaluation methods, investigations by the expert of human factors, checking guidelines, estimating human error probabilities, and so on. There are roughly two problems in those methods. (1) Qualitative evaluation methods do not evaluate how likely human errors will occur and do not estimate how effective the countermeasure is in reducing human error. (2) Most of the quantitative evaluation methods and detailed analysis methods require expert's judgment. We developed a questionnaire-based risk assessment method and its system. In this paper, we introduce the concept of the method, realization, and applications to a maintenance procedure of a nuclear power plant and an elevator. The feature of the method is that it is so simple and the inexpert can easily evaluate the risk of human error. Furthermore, because it is provided as an application service provider system, a lot of evaluators can use it simultaneously through internet and it is easy to collect and sum up the responses. We confirmed that it is useful to evaluate the risk of human error, analyze the problem, and estimate the effectiveness of countermeasures in advance through the applications. (author)

  13. Using the occupational personality questionnaire (OPQ) for measuring broad traits

    OpenAIRE

    Du Toit, J. M.; Deléne Visser

    2004-01-01

    The widespread acceptance of the Big Five model implies that personality consists of relatively independent dimensions that form a taxonomy whereby individual differences may be explained. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the subscales of an established personality inventory that measures narrow traits of personality, the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ), could be reduced meaningfully to fit a broad factor model within a South African context. The OPQ 5.2 conce...

  14. Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Weitkamp

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: During the past several years, there has been a growing interest in the negative effects that providing therapy may have on therapists. Of special interest is a phenomenon called secondary traumatization, which can arise while working with traumatized clients. To develop a simple screening tool for secondary traumatization, a quantitative assessment instrument was constructed using a data-driven approach based on qualitative interviews with affected trauma therapists as well as experienced supervisors in trauma therapy. Objective: The aim of the current study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the newly developed Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization (FST acute and lifetime version and to determine the most appropriate scoring procedure. Method: To this end, three independent samples of psychotherapists (n=371, trauma therapists in training (n=80, and refugee counselors (n=197 filled out an online questionnaire battery. Data structure was analyzed using factor analyses, cluster analyses, and reliability analyses. Results: Factor analyses yielded a six-factor structure for both the acute and the lifetime version with only a small number of items loading on differing factors. Cluster analyses suggested a single scale structure of the questionnaire. The FST total score showed good internal consistencies across all three samples, while internal consistency of the six extracted factors was mixed. Conclusion: With the FST, a reliable screening instrument for acute and lifetime secondary traumatization is now available which is free of charge and yields a sum score for quick evaluation. The six-factor structure needs to be verified with confirmatory factor analyses.

  15. Psychometric development of the Iceland-Expressive Family Functioning Questionnaire (ICE-EFFQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sveinbjarnardottir, Eydis K; Svavarsdottir, Erla Kolbrun; Hrafnkelsson, Birgir

    2012-08-01

    Instruments that are able to capture changes related to an intervention are of great value to the scientific as well as to the clinical community. The Iceland-Expressive Family Functioning Questionnaire (ICE-EFFQ) measures expressive emotions, collaboration, problem solving, communication, and behavior in families experiencing a chronic or an acute illness. The conceptual framework of the Calgary Family Assessment Model (Wright & Leahey, 2009) was used to construct the original questionnaire of 45 items and 10 subcategories. A total of 557 family members with a recent illness experience of a close relative answered the ICE-EFFQ in three different studies. Principal component factor analysis reduced the original questionnaire to 22 items with five factors emerging and a total Cronbach's alpha coefficient of ? = 0.912 accounting for 60.3% of the total variability. Confirmatory factor analysis from two studies produced the final version of the questionnaire consisting of 17 items and four factors. PMID:22752795

  16. Aberrant behavior of preschool children: Evaluation of questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fajgelj Stanislav

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In the study metric characteristics of children aberrant behavior questionnaire were analyzed. The analysis was performed on the sample of 1.165 children, aged 4-7, in preschool institutions in several towns of Vojvodina. The questionnaire contained 36 items of the Likert-type scale and was filled in by one parent of each child. The authors examined main metric characteristics of the complete questionnaire, as well as individual items under the Rasche’s measurement model. Generally, parents seldom notice aberrant behavior in their children. Most frequently they notice stubbornness, while very rarely torturing of animals. The item discrimination, on the whole, was found satisfying. The reliability of the questionnaire is 0.84., and all indicators of misfit are within satisfactory ranges. According to differential functioning of the items, the authors found gender and age specificities of parents’ evaluation of aberrant behavior of their children. Parents often notice stubbornness and moldiness in girls, and aggression in boys. According to the parent’s observations, younger children are characterized by nail nibbling, ticklishness, and fearfulness, whereas older children show a tendency to force their way by crying, waywardness and bed-wetting. By means of factor analysis of the items, three principal facets of aberrant behavior were determined: overindulgence, shyness and quarrelsomeness. Cross validation (hold out showed that these three facets were robust in relation to the selection of the sample.

  17. ?????????????????—????????????????????????? Modifying Friendship Quality Questionnaire with Item Response Theory Approach——Validating with Facet Theory and Structure Equation Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ???

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available ?????????????????????????????Parker & Asher (1993????????????????????????????????????????????SPSS15.0????????????MULTILOG 7.03??????????????????????????????????????????????1 ?????????????????????????????2 ???????a????b???????????3 ???????????????4 ?????????????????5 ???????????????????????26??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????0.875???????44.380%?????????????????????????????????The item discrimination, difficulty and information function peak of the item response theory are used to revise the friendship quality questionnaire produced by Parker & Asher (1993, the purpose is that this questionnaire revised is more accurate to survey the status of friendship quality of chinese youth. SPSS15.0 software is used to manage data, using MULTILOG 7.03 software to analysis parameter. Structural equation, facet theory and the minimum space method are used to confirm the questionnaire revision. Results are as follows: 1 The friendship quality questionnaire is one-dimensional which can be revised by item response theory. 2 The item discrimination a, difficulty b of new questionnaire are with reasonable scopes. 3 The test information function peak of the new questionnaire is smaller. 4 The factors of old and the new questionnaire have significantly high positive correlation. 5 The results confirmed are that: The structure of four factors with 26 items is clear. Four factors are: affirmation and care, help and guidance, revealed intimately and exchange and conflict solution and accompany. Compared with the original questionnaire, the new one has not conflict and betrayal factor. The questionnaire revised has higher reliability and validity, consistency reliability is 0.875 and variance explained is 44.380%. After measuring officially, the questionnaire revised can survey the status of friendship quality of Chinese youth effectively.

  18. Reliability and validity of television food advertising questionnaire in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalma, Abdul Razak; Safiah, Md Yusof; Ajau, Danis; Khairil Anuar, Md Isa

    2013-10-22

    Interventions to counter the influence of television food advertising amongst children are important. Thus, reliable and valid instrument to assess its effect is needed. The objective of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of such a questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered twice on 32 primary schoolchildren aged 10-11 years in Selangor, Malaysia. The interval between the first and second administration was 2 weeks. Test-retest method was used to examine the reliability of the questionnaire. Intra-rater reliability was determined by kappa coefficient and internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Construct validity was evaluated using factor analysis. The test-retest correlation showed moderate-to-high reliability for all scores (r = 0.40*, p = 0.02 to r = 0.95**, p = 0.00), with one exception, consumption of fast foods (r = 0.24, p = 0.20). Kappa coefficient showed acceptable-to-strong intra-rater reliability (K = 0.40-0.92), except for two items under knowledge on television food advertising (K = 0.26 and K = 0.21) and one item under preference for healthier foods (K = 0.33). Cronbach's alpha coefficient indicated acceptable internal consistency for all scores (0.45-0.60). After deleting two items under Consumption of Commonly Advertised Food, the items showed moderate-to-high loading (0.52, 0.84, 0.42 and 0.42) with the Scree plot showing that there was only one factor. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin was 0.60, showing that the sample was adequate for factor analysis. The questionnaire on television food advertising is reliable and valid to assess the effect of media literacy education on television food advertising on schoolchildren. PMID:24150531

  19. Validação de inquérito de risco referido para vigilância em saúde de fatores de risco de doença arterial coronariana em servidores públicos estaduais de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brasil Validation of a health survey questionnaire focusing on risk factors for coronary artery disease in a group of public employees in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto José Bittencourt

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Foi investigada a validade da Ficha de Saúde, inquérito de risco referido (INQ-RR do Programa IPSEMG-Família, na identificação de pessoas em risco de desenvolver doença arterial coronariana (DAC numa amostra aleatória, estratificada por sexo, de 297 segurados com idade igual e superior a 40 anos, de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Os resultados obtidos em entrevistas realizadas pelas equipes de saúde da família foram comparados com dados de exames clínico-laboratoriais. Foram avaliados a sensibilidade, a especificidade e os valores preditivos positivos e negativos das questões sobre história atual ou prévia de diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial, colesterol elevado e tabagismo. Dentre os participantes que apresentavam pelo menos um exame clínico-laboratorial alterado, 81,0% (sensibilidade total foram identificados pelo inquérito de risco referido ao declarar ter pelo menos um fator de risco. Os padrões de Sheffield e da Nova Zelândia foram utilizados para determinar os segurados com risco elevado de adquirir doença coronariana e avaliar se estes seriam também identificados pela Ficha de Saúde. A sensibilidade para identificar esse subgrupo de pacientes foi de 100,0%.The validity of a health survey questionnaire used in a family health promotion program to identify individuals at risk of developing coronary artery disease (CAD was studied in a random sample of 297 State public employees in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The sample was stratified by sex, and subjects were 40 years of age or older. Results obtained in interviews were compared to laboratory and clinical data. We assessed the questionnaire's sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values in relation to questions about current or previous history of diabetes, hypertension, smoking, and high cholesterol. Among individuals with at least one altered clinical or laboratory test, 81% (total sensitivity were identified by the referred risk inquiry when reporting at least one risk factor. Sheffield and New Zealand tables were used to determine the individuals with increased risk of developing CAD and to assess if they would also be identified by the health survey questionnaire. The sensitivity for identifying this subgroup was 100%.

  20. Coping With Psoriasis : Need for Consultation - Liaison

    OpenAIRE

    Patil Anand; Sharma Sumit; Dhavale H.S

    2002-01-01

    A comparative study between patients of psoriasis and matched control group was carried out at a municipal hospital. They were administered a semistructured proforma and psychiatric comorbidity was clinically assessed. The scales used were: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Hindi version of Factor C of the 16PF questionnaire, presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale and Mechanism of Coping Scale. It was found that psoriasis had a significant impact on the patient�s day li...

  1. Assessing personality traits by questionnaire: psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman personality questionnaire and correlations with psychopathology and hostility

    OpenAIRE

    Hyphantis, T.; Antoniou, K.; Floros, Dg; Valma, V.; Pappas, Ai; Douzenis, A.; Assimakopoulos, K.; Iconomou, G.; Kafetzopoulos, E.; Garyfallos, G.; Kuhlman, M.

    2013-01-01

    Background: The Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) was developed in an attempt to define the basic factors of personality or temperament. We aimed to assess the factor structure and the psychometric properties of its Greek version and to explore its relation to psychopathological symptoms and hostility features.

  2. The Questionable Value of Cross-Cultural Comparisons with the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bijnen, Emanuel J.; Poortinga, Ype H.

    1988-01-01

    The impressively high factor congruence coefficients observed in cross-cultural studies with the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) cannot be taken as sufficient evidence for the "similarity" or "essential identity" of these factors in the cultures concerned. Cross-cultural comparisons of factor scores on the EPQ are likely to be affected by…

  3. Derivation and assessment of a hypermasculine values questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archer, John

    2010-09-01

    Four studies are reported on the derivation and assessment of a hypermasculinity scale. In Study 1, a questionnaire measure of hypermasculine values was derived from an initial 122 items, rated on a seven-point scale by 600 men from eight categories, based on occupation or sport interest. Factor analysis and item reduction produced 26- and 16- item scales (Hypermasculine Values Questionnaire, HVQ and Short Hypermasculine Values Questionnaire) with high internal consistencies. There were substantial differences between categories, consistent with predictions based on their gender-stereotypic connotations. Study 2 involved the scales being administered to another similarly composed sample: again high internal consistency and unidimensionality (in a confirmatory factor analysis) were found, and a similar association with category membership. Test-retest reliability was high. In Study 3, the concurrent and discriminative validity of the HVQ was studied, by comparing it with an existing measure of hypermasculinity, male role norms, attitudes to women's rights, gender-related traits, and trait aggression. Associations were found with other gender scales, and there was a moderate association with trait physical aggression. The range of associations reflected the items on the scale, which involve toughness, the need to avoid femininity, and control of women's sexuality, themes familiar from ethnographic accounts of masculinity. Study 4 showed that the HVQ was associated with hostile but not benevolent sexism, and replicated its association with trait aggression. PMID:19793409

  4. Detecting exacerbations using the Clinical COPD Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Ca, Trappenburg Jaap; Touwen Irene; de Weert-van Oene Gerdien H; Bourbeau Jean; Monninkhof Evelyn M; Jm, Verheij Theo; Lammers Jan-Willem J; Jp, Schrijvers Augustinus

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Early treatment of COPD exacerbations has shown to be important. Despite a non-negligible negative impact on health related quality of life, a large proportion of these episodes is not reported (no change in treatment). Little is known whether (low burden) strategies are able to capture these unreported exacerbations. Methods The Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) is a short questionnaire with great evaluative properties in measuring health status. The current explorative s...

  5. Assessing perceptions about hazardous substances (PATHS): the PATHS questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, G James; Amlôt, Richard; Page, Lisa; Pearce, Julia; Wessely, Simon

    2013-08-01

    How people perceive the nature of a hazardous substance may determine how they respond when potentially exposed to it. We tested a new Perceptions AbouT Hazardous Substances (PATHS) questionnaire. In Study 1 (N = 21), we assessed the face validity of items concerning perceptions about eight properties of a hazardous substance. In Study 2 (N = 2030), we tested the factor structure, reliability and validity of the PATHS questionnaire across four qualitatively different substances. In Study 3 (N = 760), we tested the impact of information provision on Perceptions AbouT Hazardous Substances scores. Our results showed that our eight measures demonstrated good reliability and validity when used for non-contagious hazards. PMID:23104995

  6. Validation of the Adolescent Meta-cognition Questionnaire Version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazem Khoramdel

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The role and importance of meta-cognitive beliefs in creating and retaining of anxiety disorders were explained initially in meta-cognitive theory. The purpose of this study was to validate the Meta-cognitions Questionnaire-Adolescent version (MCQ-A in normal Iranian people and compare of meta-cognitive beliefs between adolescents with anxiety disorders and normal individuals.Materials and Method: This was a standardized study. First of all, the original version was translated into Persian then administered to 204 (101 boys and 103 girls adolescent aged 13 through 17 years. Theyhave been clustered randomly. They were selected from the schools of Isfahan, together with mood and feelings questionnaire and revised children's manifest anxiety scale. In order to assess reliability, method of internal consistency (Chronbach’s alpha and split-half coefficient was used, and also in order to assess validity, convergent validity, criterion validity and confirmatory factor analysis were used. Results: The results of correlation coefficient of convergent validity showed a relation between total score of (MCQ-A and its components with anxiety and depression except cognitive self-consciousness. Data were indicative of appropriate level of Coranbach’s alpha and split-half reliability coefficients of the MCQ-A and extracted factors. The results of factor analysis by principle components analysis and using varimax rotation showed 5 factors that account for 0.45% of the variance. Conclusion: MCQ-A has satisfactory psychometric properties in Iranian people

  7. NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Baseline Questionnaire data set provides information about the household using the primary resident (IRN 01) and other residents who chose to participate. The information is from 1106 Baseline Questionnaires for 534 households. The Baseline Questionnaire was administered to...

  8. 75 FR 30364 - Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    ...Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0207....

  9. 77 FR 39986 - Information Collection; Health Screening Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    ...Information Collection; Health Screening Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Health Screening Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Health Screening Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0164....

  10. Personality, burnout, and longevity among professional music therapists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega, Victoria P

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine possible relationships between personality, burnout level, longevity, and demographic variables among professional music therapists. The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) were used to test personality and burnout. Subjects were 137 professional music therapists from all seven American Music Therapy Association (AMTA) regions with an overall average longevity of 17.85 years. The 16PF showed the personality traits that most describe music therapists are emotional sensitivity, reasoning, apprehension, warmth, openness to change, self-reliance, extraversion, anxiety, abstractedness, rule-consciousness, and self-control. Logistic regressions showed that the personality factor of anxiety (p emotional exhaustion and the personality factor of dominance (p relationship. Logistic regressions also showed that highest degree earned is significantly (p music therapists who are staying and thriving in the profession. PMID:21141771

  11. Academic Training: Academic Training Lectures-Questionnaire

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    ACADEMIC TRAINING Françoise Benz tel. 73127 academic.training@cern.ch SUGGEST AND WIN! Its time to plan the 2004-2005 lecture series. From today until March 19 you have the chance to give your contribution to planning for next year's Academic Training Lecture Series. At the web site: http://cern.ch/Academic.Training/questionnaire you will find questionnaires proposing topics in high energy physics, applied physics and science and society. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at the CERN bookshop.

  12. MIDAS questionnaire in the emergency setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliprandi, A; Frigerio, R; Santoro, P; Frigo, M; Iurlaro, S; Vaccaro, M; Tremolizzo, L; Beghi, E; Ferrarese, C; Agostoni, E

    2004-10-01

    Migraine is a common disorder and is a major cause of disability and loss of working performance in western countries. Therefore, many tools have been developed to assess migraine related disability. Among these, the Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) questionnaire has been shown to be of particular interest, as it is valid, reliable and useful for therapeutic decisions. In this pilot study, we address the validity of the MIDAS questionnaire in an unselected population of migraine patients in the emergency setting. We found that the MIDAS scores in the emergency room were similar to those collected in a specialised headache centre. This result suggests that the MIDAS questionnaire could be reliably used in the emergency setting, hence avoiding unnecessary delays in the treatment of migraine patients. PMID:15549558

  13. Development of the young spine questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

    2013-01-01

    Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Consequently, preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific questionnaires to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for schoolchildren filling this gap. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases -- a conceptualisation, development and testing phase. The conceptualisation phase followed the Wilson and Cleary model and included questions regarding spinal prevalence estimates, pain frequency and intensity, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. Items from existing questionnaires and the "Revised Faces Pain Scale" (rFPS) were included during the development phase. The testing phase consisted of a mixed quantitative and qualitative iterative method carried out in two pilot tests using 4th grade children and focusing on assessment of spinal area location and item validity. Results The testing phase resulted in omission of the pain drawings and the questions and answer categories were simplified in several questions. Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). To improve the understanding of the spinal boundaries we added bony landmarks to the spinal drawings after pilot test I. This resulted in an improved sense of spinal boundary location in pilot test II. Correlations between the rFPS and the interview pain score ranged between 0.67 (cervical spine) and 0.79 (lumbar spine). Conclusions The Young Spine Questionnaire contains questions that assess spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for content understanding and agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings among target respondents. These preliminary results suggest that the YSQ is feasible, has content validity and is a well understood questionnaire to be used in studies of children aged 9 to 11 years.

  14. Validation of the chronic liver disease questionnaire in Serbian patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dusan Dj Popovic

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To translate into Serbian and to investigate the validity of the cross-culturally adapted the chronic liver disease questionnaire (CLDQ. METHODS: The questionnaire was validated in 103 consecutive CLD patients treated between October 2009 and October 2010 at the Clinic for Gastroenterology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade (Serbia. Exclusion criteria were: age 2 ??and liver transplantation. Evaluation of the CLDQ was done based on the following parameters: (1 acceptance is shown by the proportion of missing items; (2 internal reliabilities were assessed for multiple item scales by using Cronbach alpha coefficient; and (3 in order to assess whether the allocation of items in the domain corresponds to their distribution in the original questionnaire (construction validity, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted. Discriminatory validity was determined by comparing the corresponding CLDQ score/sub-score in patients with different severity of the diseases. RESULTS: The Serbian version of CLDQ questionnaire completed 98% patients. Proportion of missing items was 0.06%. The total time needed to fill the questionnaire was ranged from 8 to 15 min. Assistance in completing the questionnaire required 4.8% patients, while 2.9% needed help in reading, and 1.9% involved writing assistance. The mean age of the selected patients was 53.8 ± 12.9 years and 54.4% were men. Average CLDQ score was 4.62 ± 1.11. Cronbach’s alpha for the whole scale was 0.93. Reliability for all domains was above 0.70, except for the domain “Activity” (0.49. The exploratory factor analysis model revealed 6 factors with eigenvalue of greater than 1, explaining 69.7% of cumulative variance. The majority of the items (66% in the Serbian version of the CLDQ presented the highest loading weight in the domain assigned by the CLDQ developers: “Fatigue” (5/5, “Emotional function” (6/8, “Worry” (5/5, “Abdominal symptoms” (0/3, “Activity” (0/3, “Systemic symptoms” (3/5. The scales “Fatigue” and “Worry” fully corresponded to the original. The factor analysis also revealed that the factors “Activity” and “Abdominal symptoms” could not be replicated, and two new domains “Sleep” and “Nutrition” were established. Analysis of the CLDQ score/sub-score distribution according to disease severity demonstrated that patients without cirrhosis had lower total CLDQ score (4.86 ± 1.05 than those with cirrhosis Child’s C (4.31 ± 0.97. Statistically significant difference was detected for the domains “Abdominal symptoms” [F (3 = 5.818, P = 0.001] and “Fatigue” [F (3 = 3.39, P = 0.021]. Post hoc analysis revealed that patients with liver cirrhosis Child’s C had significantly lower sub-score “Abdominal symptoms” than patients without cirrhosis or liver cirrhosis Child’s A or B. For domain “Fatigue”, patients with cirrhosis Child’s C had significantly lower score, than non-cirrhotic patients. CONCLUSION: The Serbian version of CLDQ is well accepted and represents a valid and reliable instrument in Serbian sample of CLD patients.

  15. Investigating Validity Evidence for the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fairchild, Amanda J.; Finney, Sara J.

    2006-01-01

    The current study gathered internal structural validity and external criterion validity evidence for the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised Questionnaire (ECR-R) scores. Specifically, confirmatory factor analysis of the data provided general support for the hypothesized two-factor model, and hypothesized relationships with external…

  16. Testing Structural Invariance of the Achievement Goal Questionnaire in American, Chinese, and Dutch College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Huaping; Hernandez, Diley

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the structural invariance of the Achievement Goal Questionnaire (AGQ) in American, Chinese, and Dutch college students. Using confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), the authors found evidence for the four-factor structure of achievement goals in all three samples. Subsequent multigroup CFAs supported structural invariance of…

  17. Construct Validity of Attributional Style: Modeling Context-Dependent Item Sets in the Attributional Style Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, N. C.; Zumbo, Bruno D.; Hay, Jana L.

    1999-01-01

    Confirmatory factor analysis of data from 1,346 respondents to the Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ) (C. Peterson and others, 1982) reveals that adequate fit is provided by a three-factor attributional style model that includes context-dependent item sets. Results suggest that there is no such thing as a nonsituational attributional style.…

  18. The Dimensionality and Gender Differential Item Functioning of the Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelin, Michaela N.; Carleton, Bruce C.; Smith, M. Anne; Zumbo, Bruno D.

    2004-01-01

    The present study investigated the factor structure and item analysis of the Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (MiniAQLQ) in a sample of 258 community-dwelling asthmatic adults between the ages of 16 and 87 years. The mean age was 56 years for males (N = 99) and 50 years for females (N = 159). This study compared the fit of three factor

  19. Child court hearings in family cases: Assessment questionnaire of child needs during pre-trial proceedings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asuncion Molina

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The basis of family law is the child’s interest. This is related to the right to be listened to, but not as an obligation. As a consequence, there is a necessity for the judge to conduct a judicial exploration of the child. But, in general, the judges are not trained in this type of explorations, and they may consequently obtain erroneous information in their exploration. Therefore, in this work, we present the generation of a questionnaire that explores the judicial agents’ necessities during judicial exploration of children. Five expert researchers in the subject participated in creating the questionnaire; five family judges participated in the pilot test; and in the final study, 63 family judges answered the final questionnaire. Global reliability was adequate (.858, as was the reliability for interviewer’s skills, but it was not for the other areas of the questionnaire. An exploratory factor analysis showed a factor structure consisting of 5 factors that accounted for 46.12% of the total variance, but these five factors don’t correspond to the factors provided by experts. But construct validity validated the structure provided by the experts (?2/df = 1.35; BBNNFI = .873; CFI = .879; IFI = .881; RMR = .139; SRMR = .153; RMSEA = .075. To sum up, we can say that the questionnaire could be improved, but the best areas are the stages of the interview and the interviewer’s skills.

  20. Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.

    2008-01-01

    The psychometric properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ) are evaluated using a clinical sample of children with selective mutism (SM). The study shows that SMQ is useful in determining the severity of a child's nonspeaking behaviors, the scope of these behaviors and necessary follow up assessment.

  1. Outlier Detection in Test and Questionnaire Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zijlstra, Wobbe P.; Van Der Ark, L. Andries; Sijtsma, Klaas

    2007-01-01

    Classical methods for detecting outliers deal with continuous variables. These methods are not readily applicable to categorical data, such as incorrect/correct scores (0/1) and ordered rating scale scores (e.g., 0,..., 4) typical of multi-item tests and questionnaires. This study proposes two definitions of outlier scores suited for categorical…

  2. Utah Drop-Out Drug Use Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Governor's Citizen Advisory Committee on Drugs, Salt Lake City, UT.

    This questionnaire assesses drug use practices in high school drop-outs. The 79 items (multiple choice or apply/not apply) are concerned with demographic data and use, use history, reasons for use/nonuse, attitudes toward drugs, availability of drugs, and drug information with respect to narcotics, amphetamines, LSD, Marijuana, and barbiturates.…

  3. University of Michigan Drug Education Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francis, John Bruce; Patch, David J.

    This questionnaire assesses attitudes toward potential drug education programs and drug use practices in college students. The 87 items (multiple choice or free response) pertain to the history and extent of usage of 27 different drugs, including two non-existent drugs which may be utilized as a validity check; attitude toward the content, format,…

  4. Guidelines for preparing IAEA design information questionnaires

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The format of the IAEA Design Information Questionnaires and the SAI prepared guidelines for completing them, is described. The guidelines should assist facility operators in meeting the time constraints set forth in the Subsidiary Arrangements by effectively supplying the information needed by the IAEA and in minimizing resource allocations to the preparation effort. 8 refs

  5. The pornography craving questionnaire: psychometric properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraus, Shane; Rosenberg, Harold

    2014-04-01

    Despite the prevalence of pornography use, and recent conceptualization of problematic use as an addiction, we could find no published scale to measure craving for pornography. Therefore, we conducted three studies employing young male pornography users to develop and evaluate such a questionnaire. In Study 1, we had participants rate their agreement with 20 potential craving items after reading a control script or a script designed to induce craving to watch pornography. We dropped eight items because of low endorsement. In Study 2, we revised both the questionnaire and cue exposure stimuli and then evaluated several psychometric properties of the modified questionnaire. Item loadings from a principal components analysis, a high internal consistency reliability coefficient, and a moderate mean inter-item correlation supported interpreting the 12 revised items as a single scale. Correlations of craving scores with preoccupation with pornography, sexual history, compulsive internet use, and sensation seeking provided support for convergent validity, criterion validity, and discriminant validity, respectively. The enhanced imagery script did not impact reported craving; however, more frequent users of pornography reported higher craving than less frequent users regardless of script condition. In Study 3, craving scores demonstrated good one-week test-retest reliability and predicted the number of times participants used pornography during the following week. This questionnaire could be applied in clinical settings to plan and evaluate therapy for problematic users of pornography and as a research tool to assess the prevalence and contextual triggers of craving among different types of pornography users. PMID:24469338

  6. Assessing Caregiver Information Needs: A Brief Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonton, Linda J.; Haugland, S. M.

    A diagnostic evaluation for a person with suspected Alzheimer's disease is usually initiated by family members whose concerns go beyond strictly medical issues. To determine precisely what questions families want answered, a 15-point questionnaire was developed at a multi-disciplinary geriatric assessment clinic. Caregivers were asked to rate each…

  7. Development of a patient-reported questionnaire for collecting toxicity data following prostate brachytherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To improve a questionnaire used to collect patient-reported outcomes from patients with early stage prostate cancer treated with brachytherapy. A secondary aim was to adapt the Late Effects of Normal Tissue (LENT) subjective toxicity questionnaire for use to collect Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) data, the current preferred platform for assessing radiation toxicity. Materials and methods: Three hundred and seventy-seven patients were treated with permanent iodine-125 seed implant brachytherapy for early prostate cancer. Toxicity data were collected before and at nine time points post-treatment (0-36 months). Compliance rates for patients completing individual items and item-subsection correlation coefficients were calculated. A factor analysis was carried out to analyse responses to the questionnaire and identify less informative questions, which could be removed. Cronbach's ? coefficient was used to measure reliability. Results: Two thousand one hundred and eighty-eight questionnaires were analysed. There was poor compliance for questions specifically relating to operations and bowel medication. We found that the division of the questionnaire into subsections based on anatomical site was reasonable and that certain items could be safely removed. The high mean value for Cronbach's ? across all questionnaires (0.752; 95% CI: 0.726-0.779) indicated that the questionnaire was reliable. Fifteen of the 44 questions were removed from the othe 44 questions were removed from the original questionnaires. Questions on urinary incontinence severity, management of urinary and bowel incontinence, effects of reduced flow of urine and the effects of symptoms on activity of daily living and change in sexual function were required to adapt the LENT subjective questionnaire for use to collect CTCAE data. Conclusions: A questionnaire, validated over 6 years to collect LENT subjective data were adapted and is a reliable approach for collecting CTCAE data after prostate brachytherapy.

  8. Construct Validity of the Offer Self-Image Questionnaire and Its Relationship with Self-Esteem, Depression, and Ego Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindfors, Kaj; Elovainio, Marko; Sinkkonen, Jari; Aalberg, Veikko; Vuorinen, Risto

    2005-01-01

    Construct validity of the Offer Self-Image Questionnaire (OSIQ) was studied in a sample of 194 normal Finnish adolescents from 14 to 16 years of age. Confirmatory factor analysis provided support for the hierarchical structure of adolescents' self-image with 5 lower-order factors loading on a single higher-order factor. Lower-order factors were…

  9. Increasing response rates to postal questionnaires: systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Edwards, P.; Roberts, I.; Clarke, M.; Diguiseppi, C.; Pratap, S.; Wentz, R.; Kwan, I.

    2002-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To identify methods to increase response to postal questionnaires. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of any method to influence response to postal questionnaires. STUDIES REVIEWED: 292 randomised controlled trials including 258 315 participants INTERVENTION REVIEWED: 75 strategies for influencing response to postal questionnaires. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The proportion of completed or partially completed questionnaires returned. RESULTS: The odds of response w...

  10. Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein; Hestbæk, Lise

    Title Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire Authors & Affiliations Henrik Hein Lauridsen1, Lise Hestbæk1,2 1. Research Unit for Clinical Biomechanics, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Clinical Locomotion Network, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark 2. Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Clinical Locomotion Network, Forskerparken 10A, 5230 Odense M, Denmark Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Therefore preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific instruments to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for children aged 9-12 years which could fill this gap in the literature. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases – the conceptualisation, development and testing phase. We used the conceptual model of Wilson and Cleary (1995) and divided the YSQ into two parts: part one included spinal prevalence estimates (including pictures of spinal area) and part two questions regarding pain, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. During the developing phase we used an iterative process to carefully rephrase existing items used in prior questionnaires such as the Standardised Nordic Questionnaire. To measure pain the “Revised Faces Pain Scale” (rFPS) was included. The testing phase consisted of an iterative method assessing respondent understanding during two pilot tests. In the first pilot test 52 4th grade children filled in the draft version of the YSQ. This was followed by a semi-structured interview two days later designed to obtain the same information ascontained in the YSQ, however, using different semantics and open-ended questions. The revised questionnaire was tested and reviewed a second time at the end of the first pilot test. The second pilot test included 23 children from the 4th grade. It followed similar procedures as the first pilot test but focused mainly on revised versions of the drawings demarcating the spinal areas. Results Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). Correlations between the rFPS and the interview NRS score ranged between 0.71 (cervical spine) and 0.84 (thoracic spine). Agreement between the questionnaire drawings and the interviews of the upper and lower boundaries of the spinal areas were 91.8% for the cervical spine and 67.4% (lumbar spine) and 63.3% (thoracic spine). This resulted in alterations to the drawings. Lastly, as some questions in the second part of the YSQ had a high prevalence of non-responses, it was decided to change question semantics and response options. Conclusion The Young Spine Questionnaire is a novel self-report measure of spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for understanding of content among target respondents, and the results showed acceptable agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings. On the basis of these preliminary results we conclude that the YSQ is a feasible and valid instrument to be used in cross-sectional cohort studies of children aged 9 to 12 years.

  11. Aetiology of thrombosed external haemorrhoids: a questionnaire study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohde Henning

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is important to better understand the aetiology of thrombosed external haemorrhoids (TEH because recurrence rates are high, prophylaxis is unknown, and optimal therapy is highly debated. Findings We conducted a questionnaire study of individuals with and without TEH. Aetiology was studied by comparison of answers to a questionnaire given to individuals with and without TEH concerning demography, history, and published aetiologic hypotheses. Participants were evaluated consecutively at our institution from March 2004 through August 2005. One hundred forty-eight individuals were enrolled, including 72 patients with TEH and 76 individuals without TEH but with alternative diagnoses, such as a screening colonoscopy or colonic polyps. Out of 38 possible aetiologic factors evaluated, 20 showed no significant bivariate correlation to TEH and were no longer traced, and 16 factors showed a significant bivariate relationship to TEH. By multivariate analysis, six independent variables were found to predict TEH correctly in 79.1% of cases: age of 46 years or younger, use of excessive physical effort, and use of dry toilet paper combined with wet cleaning methods after defaecation were associated with a significantly higher risk of developing TEH; use of bathtub, use of the shower, and genital cleaning before sleep at least once a week were associated with a significantly lower risk of developing TEH. Conclusion Six hypotheses on the causes of TEH have a high probability of being correct and should be considered in future studies on aetiology, prophylaxis, and therapy of TEH.

  12. The development and psychometric properties of the selective mutism questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, R Lindsey; Keller, Melody L; Piacentini, John; Bergman, Andrea J

    2008-04-01

    Research on selective mutism (SM) has been limited by the absence of standardized, psychometrically sound assessment measures. The purpose of our investigation was to present two studies that examined the factor structure and initial reliability and validity of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ), a 17-item parent report measure of failure to speak related to SM. Study 1 (N = 589) utilized an Internet sample of parents of children ages 3 to 11 to demonstrate that the SMQ has a theoretically and clinically meaningful factor structure accounting for a significant portion of variance in responses with good internal consistency. Study 2 (N = 66) supported the validity of the SMQ in that scores discriminated clinic-referred children with SM from children with other anxiety disorders. Scores on the SMQ were correlated with measures of several theoretically and clinically important dimensions. PMID:18470781

  13. Development of chemistry attitudes and experiences questionnaire (CAEQ)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalgety, Jacinta; Coll, Richard K.; Jones, Alister

    2003-09-01

    In this article we describe the development of the Chemistry Attitudes and Experiences Questionnaire (CAEQ) that measures first-year university chemistry students' attitude toward chemistry, chemistry self-efficacy, and learning experiences. The instrument was developed as part of a larger study and sought to fulfill a need for an instrument to investigate factors that influence student enrollment choice. We set out to design the instrument in a manner that would maximize construct validity. The CAEQ was piloted with a cohort of science and technology students (n = 129) at the end of their first year. Based on statistical analysis the instrument was modified and subsequently administered on two occasions at two tertiary institutions (n = 669). Statistical data along with additional data gathered from interviews suggest that the CAEQ possesses good construct validity and will prove a useful tool for tertiary level educators who wish to gain an understanding of factors that influence student choice of chemistry enrolment.

  14. Validating the Street Survival Skills Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janniro, F; Sapp, G L; Kohler, M P

    1994-02-01

    The utility of the Street Survival Skills Questionnaire was investigated using a sample of 18 trainable mentally retarded males attending public schools. Pearson product-moment correlations were computed among the total scores, four standard scores on the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale-Survey Form, and three Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised IQs. The Street Skills scores correlated significantly with Vineland Daily Living scores and WISC-R Full Scale and Performance IQs; however, nonsignificant relationships were obtained with WISC-R Verbal IQs, Vineland Composite scores, Communication Domain scores, and Socialization Domain scores. The use of the questionnaire in assessment of adaptive behavior was supported but within a narrow scope, i.e., daily or functional living knowledge. PMID:8153210

  15. 2005-06 Academic Training Programme Questionnaire

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2005-01-01

    Please help the Academic Training Committee to plan the 2005-06 programme of lectures by filling in the 2005-06 Academic Training Programme Questionnaire which can be found at: http://cern.ch/Academic.Training/questionnaire ENSEIGNEMENT ACADEMIQUE ACADEMIC TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 academic.training@cern.ch If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an 'application for training' form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt.

  16. A Questionnaire-Based Data Quality Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Vaziri

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Data quality (DQ has been defined as “fitness for use” of the data (also called Information Quality. A single aspect of data quality is defined as a “dimension” such as “consistency”, “accuracy”, “completeness”, or “timeliness”. In order to assess and improve data quality, “methodologies” have been defined. Data quality methodologies are sets of guidelines and techniques that are designed for measurement assessment, and perhaps, improving data quality in a given application or organization. If an appropriate list of dimensions is available for the specific needs of an organization, a questionnaire-based methodology can be designed in order to 1. Measure dimensions and identify “weak” dimensions in the organization 2. Select a proper “strategies” to improve data quality. In this paper we propose a questionnaire-based methodology in order to achieve that.

  17. ACADEMIC TRAINING LECTURES QUESTIONNAIRE: SUGGEST AND WIN!

    CERN Multimedia

    Academic Training; Tel. 73127

    2001-01-01

    Time to plan for the 2001-02 lecture series. From today until April 9 you have the chance to give your contribution to improved planning for next year's Academic Training Lectures Series. At the web site: http://wwwinfo/support/survey/academic-training/ you will find questionnaires concerning the following different categories: high energy physics, applied physics, science and society and post-graduate students lectures. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at CERN bookshop.

  18. [Development and validation of the Reality-Monitoring Error Experience Questionnaire].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakata, Eriko; Morita, Taisuke

    2014-06-01

    This study developed a valid and reliable questionnaire measuring individual differences in reality-monitoring error experiences in everyday life. A 50-item preliminary questionnaire was constructed on the basis of the findings from a pilot diary study. In study 1, we administered the questionnaire to 316 undergraduates, along with a dissociative experience scale to examine criterion-referenced validity. Using factor analysis, we obtained the 32-item Reality-Monitoring Error Experience Questionnaire (RMEEQ). A significant positive correlation was found between scores on the RMEEQ and the dissociative experience scale, thereby which indicates the RMEEQ's criterion-referenced validity. In Study 2, we examined the test-retest reliability of the RMEEQ by administering it to 66 undergraduates on two occasions separated by three weeks. We found a significant test-retest correlation. Taken together, these results show that the RMEEQ is a valid and reliable measure of reality-monitoring error experiences in everyday life. PMID:25016837

  19. Applicability of the Organisational Climate Description Questionnaire - Rutgers Elementary: a South African case study

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    D, Vos; S M, Ellis; Philip C, van der Westhuizen; P J, Mentz.

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The Organisational Climate Description Questionnaire - Rutgers Elementary (OCDQ - RE) was used to determine the current organizational climate of primary schools in North-West Province, South Africa. This questionnaire evaluates the actions of principals and educators; the current organizational cli [...] mate in primary schools can be determined from the results. A quantitative research approach, with 904 teachers from 68 schools, was used to determine the applicability of the measuring instrument. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed that certain items measuring directive behaviour in the OCDQ-RE grouped with supportive behaviour of the principal. Hence, in this study, these items were regarded as supportive towards the educators and their work by the respondents. According to Cronbach's alpha coefficient the questionnaire can be regarded as reliable. Recommendations are made to render the questionnaire even more applicable for the South African context.

  20. A Physical Activity Questionnaire: Reproducibility and Validity

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolas Barbosa; Sanchez, Carlos E.; Vera, Jose A.; Wilson Perez; Jean-Christophe Thalabard; Michel Rieu

    2007-01-01

    This study evaluates the Quantification de L’Activite Physique en Altitude chez les Enfants (QAPACE) supervised self-administered questionnaire reproducibility and validity on the estimation of the mean daily energy expenditure (DEE) on Bogotá’s schoolchildren. The comprehension was assessed on 324 students, whereas the reproducibility was studied on a different random sample of 162 who were exposed twice to it. Reproducibility was assessed using both the Bland-Altman plot and the intra-...

  1. Psychometric properties of the physical self-concept questionnaire with mexican university students (.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco, José R; Blanco, Humberto; Viciana, Jesús; Zueck, Carmen

    2015-04-01

    -This study analyzes, in a sample of Mexican students, the factor structure of the Physical Self-Concept Questionnaire of Goñi, Ruiz de Azúa, and Rodríguez (2006) , which assesses physical ability, physical fitness, attractiveness, strength, general physical self-concept, and global self-concept. A representative sample of 1,466 Mexican university physical education students was selected (754 men, 712 women; M age = 20.6 yr., SD = 2.0). Confirmatory factor analysis showed a two-factor structure (motor competency and physical attractiveness). The two-factor structure, regarding statistical and substantive criteria, had good fit indices. Results of the factor analyses carried out with the sub-samples indicated a strong stability and evidence for the factor structure obtained. The findings support the use of this questionnaire to measure physical self-concept in Mexican university students. Future studies should replicate these findings in other populations. PMID:25730750

  2. Factorial validity and internal consistency of the PRAFAB questionnaire in women with stress urinary incontinence

    OpenAIRE

    Bart, Staal J.; Tm, Bernards Arnold; Jm, Hendriks Erik; Cw, Vet Henrica; De Bie Rob A

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background To investigate the factor structure, dimensionality and construct validity of the (5-item) PRAFAB questionnaire score in women with stress urinary incontinence (stress UI). Methods A cross validation study design was used in a cohort of 279 patients who were randomly divided into Sample A or B. Sample A was used for preliminary exploratory factor analyses with promax rotation. Sample B provided an independent sample for confirming the premeditated and proposed factor struc...

  3. The Cultural Health Attributions Questionnaire (CHAQ): reliability, validity, and refinement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Rina S; Malcarne, Vanessa L; Roesch, Scott C; Sadler, Georgia Robins

    2014-04-01

    This study describes the reliability and validity of scores on the Cultural Health Attributions Questionnaire (CHAQ), and proposes a refined short form. Murguía, Zea, Reisen, and Peterson (2000) developed the 24-item CHAQ to assess health beliefs among Latinos/Hispanics. The CHAQ incorporates two 12-item subscales: Equity Attributions (EA) and Behavioral-Environmental Attributions (BEA). Although the CHAQ has been published in Spanish and English, psychometric properties have only been evaluated for scores on the Spanish-language version. Participants in the present study were 436 Latinos/Hispanics, half of whom completed the CHAQ in Spanish, and half in English. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the proposed two-factor structure did not fit the data for either language. Subsequent exploratory factor analyses revealed different best-fitting models for the two languages. A common two-factor (EA/BEA) structure was derived from items that loaded univocally in both languages. Additional items were removed to produce a 10-item revised version (CHAQ-R). The two factors were negatively correlated and had good internal consistency reliability. Expected relationships of CHAQ-R scores to acculturation and health locus of control strongly supported convergent validity. The relationship of EA to ethnomedical services usage marginally supported criterion validity. Overall, the results support the reliability and validity of CHAQ-R scores to measure cultural health attributions in Latinos/Hispanics, but further psychometric evaluation is needed. PMID:24773009

  4. Development of a Chinese childbearing attitude questionnaire for infertile women receiving in vitro fertilization treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Shu-Hsin; Kuo, Ching-Pyng; Hsiao, Chiu-Yueh; Lu, Yen-Chiao; Hsu, Ming-Yi; Kuo, Pi-Chao; Lee, Maw-Shen; Lee, Meng-Chih

    2013-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to report the second phase of instrument development, a culturally sensitive questionnaire of childbearing attitudes to assess the psychosocial responses of infertile women. Using a nonexperimental quantitative design, we investigated 238 women who are undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment. Data collection and relevant planning occurred in two phases: in-depth interviews of women to generate items for the questionnaire and establishing the questionnaire's content and construct validity. Through factor analysis, five factors were extracted from the "attitude toward childbearing questionnaire": gender identification with self and society, insurance of marriage and inheritance, happy family life, spiritual investment, and continuing the family line and procreation. The total variance of these five factors was 64.31%. Cronbach's ? and test-retest reliability were between .72 and .87 and between .60 and .76, respectively, demonstrating acceptable internal consistency and stability. The information obtained through the questionnaire could be used to provide infertile women with personal counseling and appropriate psychological support during and after assisted reproductive technology. PMID:23460456

  5. Childbirth experience questionnaire (CEQ: development and evaluation of a multidimensional instrument

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bergqvist Liselotte

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Negative experiences of first childbirth increase risks for maternal postpartum depression and may negatively affect mothers' attitudes toward future pregnancies and choice of delivery method. Postpartum questionnaires assessing mothers' childbirth experiences are needed to aid in identifying mothers in need of support and counselling and in isolating areas of labour and birth management and care potentially in need of improvement. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a questionnaire for assessing different aspects of first-time mothers' childbirth experiences. Methods Childbirth domains were derived from literature searches, discussions with experienced midwives and interviews with first-time mothers. A draft version of the Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ was pilot tested for face validity among 25 primiparous women. The revised questionnaire was mailed one month postpartum to 1177 primiparous women with a normal pregnancy and spontaneous onset of active labor and 920 returned evaluable questionnaires. Exploratory factor analysis using principal components analysis and promax rotation was performed to identify dimensions of the childbirth experience. Multitrait scaling analysis was performed to test scaling assumptions and reliability of scales. Discriminant validity was assessed by comparing scores from subgroups known to differ in childbirth experiences. Results Factor analysis of the 22 item questionnaire yielded four factors accounting for 54% of the variance. The dimensions were labelled Own capacity, Professional support, Perceived safety, and Participation. Multitrait scaling analysis confirmed the fit of the four-dimensional model and scaling success was achieved in all four sub-scales. The questionnaire showed good sensitivity with dimensions discriminating well between groups hypothesized to differ in experience of childbirth. Conclusion The CEQ measures important dimensions of the first childbirth experience and may be used to measure different aspects of maternal satisfaction with labour and birth.

  6. Questionnaire survey on future development of energy industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The above questionnaire survey was carried out by the Energy Environmental Policy Committee of Japan Productivity Center for Socio-economic Development in 2003. The outline of the questionnaire survey and the important results are described. 1,570 subjects consisted of 105 Member of Congress, 105 members of local government, 350 researchers, 200 energy industries and organizations, 400 general industries and organizations, 105 mass communication and critics, 105 labor unions, NPO and consumer's organizations and 200 others. They are gone and collected by post. The period was from 8 March to 6 May, 2003. The recovery rate was 38%. Attributions were age, occupation and relation between energy industry and business. The important results and analysis were obtained by the following questions; economic growth, liberalization of electric power and gas market, factors of development of electric power industry, expected saving energy technologies, projection of new energy, expected new energy technologies, nuclear power correlative industries, nuclear power policies, new business of energy industries, support policy for energy industry, energy situation, environmental problems, energy conservation, natural gas and energy policies. (S.Y.)

  7. Self-administered questionnaires and standardized interviews

    OpenAIRE

    Leeuw, E. D.

    2008-01-01

    In the not too distant past there were only two survey methods to choose from: the face-to-face interview and the postal or mail questionnaire. The first scientific interview goes back to 1912 and Bowley's study of working-class conditions in five British cities. while the first postal survey is attributed to Sir John Sinclair in 1788 (for a historical overview. see De Heer et aL 1999). In the first part of the twentieth century face-to-face survey interviews were further developed in the Uni...

  8. Drinking among medical students: a questionnaire survey.

    OpenAIRE

    Collier, D. J.; Beales, I. L.

    1989-01-01

    To assess the prevalence of drinking among medical students a questionnaire on smoking, exercise, drinking, and weight was distributed among the students available. A total of 260 replies were received from an estimated available population of 350 students (134 men and 126 women). The mean alcohol consumption obtained by a quantity-frequency measure was 20.5 units/week for male students and 14.6 units/week for female students. Retrospective diary reports showed mean (SE) consumptions of 18 (2...

  9. VALIDATION OF THE BODY SHAPE QUESTIONNAIRE (BSQ FOR COLOMBIAN POPULATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castrillón Moreno, Diego

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The standardization of the Body Shape Questionnaire test was performed on a typical Colombian population, consisting of a group of 1939 pre-teenager and teenager girls, aged between 9 and 19. The average age was 14, with a standard deviation of 1.83 years .The sample was randomly chosen from 7 schools (4 public and 3 private institutions, located in the city of Popayán (Cauca, Colombia. The study group was selected with the use of a stratified sampling method by blocks, choosing the 10% of the public and private institutions from the entire population and taking the total available sample. The findings of the study show that the test is divided into two factors that have high theoretical coherence. This could be expected from a construct which refers not only to corporal dissatisfaction in general, but that is associated with corporal weight gain. In consequence, the test would not be searching for a generalized dysmorphic characteristic but for one that is associated with concern about being overweight or obese. The first factor was called Corporal Dissatisfaction and the second, Concern about Weight. The standardization method used was construct validation through factorial analysis with Varimax rotation, resulting in a high differentiation between the two above mentioned factors. A KMO (Kayser Meyer Olkin of 0.98 with a variance of 52.3% was yielded. The internal consistency was calculated by means of Cronbach alpha with intraclass correlation coefficient, yielding a measured value of 0.95 for the whole instrument, 0.95 for the first factor and 0.92 for the second factor. The scores were typified in percentiles, setting 85 as the cutting point, which is equivalent to a direct score of 59 for the Corporal Dissatisfaction factor, 54 for the Concern about Weight factor, and 112 for the general score

  10. Validation of a Questionnaire for Heat Strain Evaluation in Women Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dehghan, Habibollah; Habibi, Ehsanollah; Habibi, Peymaneh; Maracy, Mohammad Reza

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Physiological, anthropometrical and thermal perceptual are the most important factors affecting thermoregulation of men and women in workplaces. The purpose of this study was determining the validity of a questionnaire method for assessing women's heat strain in workplaces. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 96 healthy women. Data were continuously collected over a period of 3 months (July-September) in 2012. Mean ± (SD) of age was found to be 31.5 ± 7.48 years, of height 1.61 ± 0.05 m, of weight 61.55 ± 10.35 kg, and of body mass index 23.52 ± 3.75 kg/m2 in different workplaces. Heart rate and oral temperature were measured by heart rate monitoring and a medical digital thermometer, respectively. Subjects completed a draft questionnaire about the effective factors in the onset of heat strain. After collecting the questionnaires, the data were analyzed by applying Cronbach’sa calculation, factor analysis method, Pearson correlation and receiver operator characteristic curves using the SPSS 18 software. Results: The value for Cronbach's ? was found to be 0.68. The factor analysis method on items of draft questionnaire extracted three subscale (16 variables) which they explained 63.6% of the variance. According to the results of receiver operator characteristic curve analysis, the cut-off questionnaire score for separating people with heat strain from people with no heat strain was obtained to be 17. Conclusions: The results of this research indicated that this quantitative questionnaire has an acceptable reliability and validity, and a cut-off point. Therefore it could be used in the preliminary screening of heat strain in women in warm workplaces, when other heat stress evaluation methods are not available. PMID:23930180

  11. Estimates of Fakeability on the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loo, Robert; Wudel, Pam

    1979-01-01

    The fakeability of scales on the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was estimated with a homogeneous sample of female undergraduates. The Questionnaire appeared to be moderately susceptible to faking, at least in the fake good condition. (Author)

  12. NHEXAS PHASE I REGION 5 STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    Science.gov (United States)

    This data set includes responses for 459 descriptive questionnaires. The Descriptive Questionnaire was used to enumerate individuals within a household for sampling purposes (basis for selection of sample individual), to identify general characteristics of the living quarters and...

  13. NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Descriptive Questionnaire data set provides demographic information about each of the households and indicates the primary respondent within each residence. The information is from 1225 Descriptive Questionnaires for 1225 households. The database contains only a portion of ...

  14. NHEXAS PHASE I MARYLAND STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Descriptive Questionnaire data set contains demographic information about each of the households and indicates the primary respondent within each residence. The information is from 380 descriptive questionnaires for 80 households across 6 cycles. The data set contains only ...

  15. The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire: A psychometric evaluation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Petersen, Janne

    2010-01-01

    Eplov, L.F. (2010). The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire: A psychometric evaluation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire was originally a 22 item scale, later reduced to a 12 item scale. In population studies the 12 item scale has been a significant predictor of health and illness. The scale has not been psychometrically evaluated for more than 30 years, and the aim of the present study was both to evaluate the psychometric properties of the 22 and 12 item scales and of three new scales. The main study sample was a community sample comprising more than 6,000 men and women. In this sample the coefficients of homogeneity were all over 0.30 for the three new scales, but below 0.30 for the 12 and the 22 item scales. All five Mental Vulnerability scales had positively skewed score distributions which were associated significantly with both SCL-90-R symptom scores and NEO-PI-R personality scales (primarily Neuroticism and Extraversion). Coefficient alpha was highest for the 22 and 12 item scales, and the two scales also showed the highest long-term stability. The three new scales reflect relatively independent dimensions of Psychosomatic Symptoms, Mental Symptoms, and Interpersonal Problems, but because of reliability problems it remains an open question whether they will prove useful as predictors of health and morbidity.

  16. Questionnaire 5YR 2013 - Thank you

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    One thousand four hundred and sixty-three of you, i.e., some 58 % of staff members (or clearly more if we take account of staff absent during the month of October), responded to our questionnaire on the upcoming Five-yearly review. This is a great success, because the response rate is significantly higher than in 2003 or 2008, when only about 50 % replied. After having checked the representativeness of the replies with regard to certain key variables, the detailed analysis of the results has now started. At public meetings scheduled for the second week of February 2014, we plan to share with you the information that your delegates have distilled from the answers to the questionnaire. On that occasion you will be able to give your feedback. Your active participation in these meetings will allow us to consolidate the demands we will propose in the consultation process with Management for inclusion in the list of topics to be addressed by the Director-General. Indeed, the Director-General must provide a menu o...

  17. Development of an Everyday Spatial Behavioral Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eliot, John; Czarnolewski, Mark Y

    2007-07-01

    The authors developed a 12-category, 116-item critical incident questionnaire of spatial behavior. The authors administered the Everyday Spatial Behavioral Questionnaire (ESBQ) to volunteer undergraduates (114 women, and 31 men) and tests of spatial ability to establish both the reliability and construct validity of the instrument. The authors found that Cronbach's alpha across the subscale scores was .92, and that 8 of the 12 subscales had alphas of .70 or greater. The authors found validity of the ESBQ through canonical correlation analysis. Specifically, spatial tests, gender, and age variables, jointly with the ESBQ subscales, identified 2 apparent continua of spatial skills. The authors labeled the first continuum movement through space (from moving a vehicle at one end of the continuum, to moving one's own body through space at the other end of the continuum). The authors labeled the second identified continuum drawing/perceiving perspective/path finding, and it appeared to represent a continuum of 3-dimensional visualization or redirection. Another suggested label was dimensional discernment. Thus, the ESBQ is a first step toward identifying new ways to think about and quantify people's spatial experience. PMID:17824404

  18. [FIMA - Questionnaire for Health-Related Resource Use in an Elderly Population: Development and Pilot Study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seidl, H; Bowles, D; Bock, J-O; Brettschneider, C; Greiner, W; König, H-H; Holle, R

    2015-01-01

    Due to demographic trends towards an ageing population resource use of health care will increase. By collecting health-related costs via questionnaires, the impact of socio-economic variables and other medical factors can be examined. In addition, only patient reported resource use accounts for out-of-pocket payments. Thus, it is necessary to develop an appropriate tool to collect the health-related resource use in an elderly population.The development of the FIMA (questionnaire for the use of medical and non-medical services in old age) was carried out in 6 steps. These included the determination of necessary questionnaire contents based on a literature review and the wording and layout were defined. Finally the questionnaire was tested in a pilot study and was modified.All direct medical and non-medical resource use excluding transportation and time costs were recorded. Productivity losses were not included. The recall time frames differed according to resource categories (7 days, 3 months, 12 months). For the pilot study, 63 questionnaires were analysed. The response rate was 69%. The questionnaire took an average of 21?min to complete. Three quarters of respondents completed the questionnaire without help and 90% rated the difficulty as easy or even very simple. There was good agreement between self-reported health-related quality of life and the resource use of nursing and domestic help (phi coefficient values between 0.52 and 0.58).The FIMA is a generic questionnaire which collects the health-related resource use within the older population groups. PMID:24806594

  19. Criterion and incremental validity of the emotion regulation questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ioannidis, Christos A.; Siegling, A. B.

    2015-01-01

    Although research on emotion regulation (ER) is developing, little attention has been paid to the predictive power of ER strategies beyond established constructs. The present study examined the incremental validity of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ; Gross and John, 2003), which measures cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, over and above the Big Five personality factors. It also extended the evidence for the measure's criterion validity to yet unexamined criteria. A university student sample (N = 203) completed the ERQ, a measure of the Big Five, and relevant cognitive and emotion-laden criteria. Cognitive reappraisal predicted positive affect beyond personality, as well as experiential flexibility and constructive self-assertion beyond personality and affect. Expressive suppression explained incremental variance in negative affect beyond personality and in experiential flexibility beyond personality and general affect. No incremental effects were found for worry, social anxiety, rumination, reflection, and preventing negative emotions. Implications for the construct validity and utility of the ERQ are discussed. PMID:25814967

  20. Questionnaire on the perceptions of patients about total knee replacement.

    OpenAIRE

    Dawson, J.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Murray, D.; Carr, A.

    1998-01-01

    We have developed a 12-item questionnaire for patients having a total knee replacement (TKR). We made a prospective study of 117 patients before operation and at follow-up six months later, asking them to complete the new questionnaire and the form SF36. Some also filled in the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). An orthopaedic surgeon completed the American Knee Society (AKS) clinical score. The single score derived from the new questionnaire had high internal consistency, and it...

  1. Validation of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) in primary care

    OpenAIRE

    Ehrs Per-Olof; Nokela Mika; Ställberg Björn; Hjemdal Paul; Jonsson Eva

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Patient centred outcomes, such as health status, are important in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Extensive questionnaires on health status have good measurement properties, but are not suitable for use in primary care. The newly developed, short Clinical COPD Questionnaire, CCQ, was therefore validated against the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Methods 111 patients diagnosed by general practitioners as having COPD completed the questionnaires ...

  2. The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12: translation and validation study of the Iranian version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garmaroudi Gholamreza

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to translate and to test the reliability and validity of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 in Iran. Methods Using a standard 'forward-backward' translation procedure, the English language version of the questionnaire was translated into Persian (Iranian language. Then a sample of young people aged 18 to 25 years old completed the questionnaire. In addition, a short questionnaire containing demographic questions and a single measure of global quality of life was administered. To test reliability the internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Validity was performed using convergent validity. Finally, the factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by performing principal component analysis using oblique factor solution. Results In all 748 young people entered into the study. The mean age of respondents was 21.1 (SD = 2.1 years. Employing the recommended method of scoring (ranging from 0 to 12, the mean GHQ score was 3.7 (SD = 3.5. Reliability analysis showed satisfactory result (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.87. Convergent validity indicated a significant negative correlation between the GHQ-12 and global quality of life scores as expected (r = -0.56, P Conclusion The study findings showed that the Iranian version of the GHQ-12 has a good structural characteristic and is a reliable and valid instrument that can be used for measuring psychological well being in Iran.

  3. Examining the Validity of a Swedish Version of the Self-Presentation in Exercise Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindwall, Magnus

    2005-01-01

    This study examines the factorial validity, factorial invariance across gender, and construct validity of a Swedish version of the Self-Presentation in Exercise Questionnaire (SPEQ; Conroy, Motl, & Hall, 2000). The a priori two-factor 14-item, 11-item, and 9-item models fail to reach acceptable levels of fit in a calibration sample. A modified…

  4. Validity and Reliability of the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire-Adolescent, Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, L. A. R.; Katz, Brian; Colby, Suzanne M.; Barnett, Nancy P.; Golembeske, C.; Lebeau-Craven, R.; Monti, P. M.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate a brief version of the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire-Adolescent (AEQ-A; Brown, Christiansen, & Goldman, 1987). The original AEQ-A was reduced to seven items (called the AEQ-AB). Principal Components Analysis (PCA) was performed and two factors emerged (General Positive Effects and Potential Negative…

  5. Examination of the Psychometric Properties of the Chinese Translated Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Pak Kwong; Liu, Jing Dong

    2012-01-01

    The present study was designed to examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese-translated Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2 (Markland & Tobin, 2004). A sample of Chinese university students (N =555) was invited to take part in this study. Confirmatory factor analysis was employed to examine the factorial validity, and the…

  6. A Primary- and Second-Order Component Analysis of the Organizational Identification Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, William L.; Johnson, Annabel M.; Heimberg, Felix

    1999-01-01

    Examined the factor structure of the Organizational Identification Questionnaire (G. Cheney, 1982), widely used to assess organizational identification. Analysis of results from 369 social-service employers yields four first-order and two second-order components. Contains 33 references. (SLD)

  7. Cross Validity of the Behavior Style Questionnaire and Child Personality Scale in Nursery School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonds, John F.; Simonds, M. Patricia

    1982-01-01

    Mothers of 182 nursery school children completed the Behavior Style Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Child Personality Scale (CPS). Intercorrelational analyses showed many significantly correlated items. Scores of the five CPS factors clearly distinguished between subjects in easy and difficult BSQ clusters. Found boys significantly more introverted…

  8. Psychometric Properties of the Polish Adaptation of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragan, Wojciech L.; Kmita, Grazyna; Fronczyk, Krzysztof

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire&-Revised (IBQ-R). A group of 396 pairs of parents was studied, and a 3-factor structure of IBQ-R emerged with differences comparing to the original U.S. sample and a prior replication Russian sample. Analyses demonstrated satisfactory…

  9. Assessment of psychosocial work environment in primary care--development of a questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelmsson, S; Akerlind, I; Faresjö, T; Ek, A C

    1999-12-01

    Recent studies have indicated deteriorated working conditions of health care personnel. To have an efficient health care organization requires good working conditions and the well-being of the personnel. Today there are no "gold-standard" assessment tools measuring psychosocial working conditions. The aim of this study was to develop two valid and reliable questionnaires, one generic and one specific, measuring psychosocial working conditions for general practitioners (GPs) and district nurses (DNs) in Sweden, with a special emphasis on organizational changes. The construction of the questionnaires were made after a stepwise developing phase including literature review, interviews, and a pilot study. The pilot study included GPs n = 42 and DNs n = 39. The questionnaires were later on used in a main study (GPs n = 465, DNs n = 465). A factor analysis was carried out and showed that there were fewer items in the main study that had factor loading > or = 0.40 in more than one factor, compared to the pilot study. The factors from the main study were easier to label and had good correspondence with other studies. After this stepwise development phase good construct validity and internal consistency were established for the questionnaire. PMID:10763164

  10. Validation of the Gambling Motives Questionnaire in Emerging Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambe, Laura; Mackinnon, Sean P; Stewart, Sherry H

    2014-05-29

    People engage in gambling behaviour for a variety of different reasons, some of which are riskier than others in terms of associations with heavy and problem gambling. Stewart and Zack (Addiction 103:1110-1117, 2008) developed a measure called the Gambling Motives Questionnaire (GMQ) that assesses levels of three distinct gambling motives: enhancement (to increase positive emotions), coping (to decrease negative emotions), and social (to increase affiliation). While this measure has been validated in a community-recruited sample of middle-aged gamblers, the GMQ has yet to be validated in emerging adulthood (ages 18-25 years)-a developmental period associated with increased risk for heavy and problematic gambling. The current project tested the psychometric properties of the GMQ in a community sample of emerging adult gamblers using archival data from the Manitoba Longitudinal Study of Young Adults. Participants (N = 487; 73.9 % Caucasian; 52.6 % female; mean age 22.23 years) completed the GMQ and questionnaire measures of gambling behaviour and problems. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that a three-factor model adequately fit the data; however, problematic items were identified. A modified 9-item version of the GMQ with the problem items removed fit the data well. Both the original 15-item and the 9-item versions had acceptable subscale alpha reliabilities (?s >.78). While all three subscales (from both the 9-item and 15-item versions) were positively correlated with problem gambling, only enhancement motives emerged as a significant independent predictor when the other motives and gambling behaviours were entered as simultaneous predictors. These results suggest the GMQ is a valid measure for tapping motives in emerging adults, and that high enhancement motives are particularly predictive of gambling problems in this developmental period. Future intervention efforts might specifically target enhancement motives in emerging adults. PMID:24871297

  11. Parent Behavior Importance and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaires: Psychometric Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mowder, Barbara A.; Sanders, Michelle

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the psychometric characteristics of two parenting measures: the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire (PBIQ) and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire (PBFQ). Both research questionnaires are based on the parent development theory (PDT) and offer parent as well as non-parent respondents the opportunity to rate 38 parenting…

  12. NHEXAS PHASE I MARYLAND STUDY--FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Follow-up questionnaire data set contains information concerning the activities within the household during the sampling week. The information is from 402 follow-up questionnaires for 80 households across 6 cycles. The Follow-up Questionnaire specifically addressed the time ...

  13. NHEXAS PHASE I MARYLAND STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Baseline Questionnaire data set provides information about each household and its primary respondent. The information is from 380 baseline questionnaires for 80 households across 6 cycles. The Baseline Questionnaire was administered to the primary respondent during a face-t...

  14. Questionnaire Design for Student Measurement of Teaching Effectiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBean, Edward A.; Al-Nassri, Sabah

    1982-01-01

    The design and use of questionnaires in course and faculty evaluation are discussed and the literature reviewed. Problems of questionnaire construction and interpretation of results are described and a questionnaire developed at the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Waterloo is given as an example. (Author/MSE)

  15. Validation of a maternal questionnaire on correlates of physical activity in preschool children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inskip Hazel M

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Valid measures of physical activity correlates in preschool children are lacking. This study aimed to assess the validity, factor structure and internal consistency of a maternal questionnaire on potential correlates of four-year-old children's physical activity. Methods The questionnaire was designed to measure the following constructs: child personal factors; parental support and self-efficacy for providing support; parental rules and restrictions; maternal attitudes and perceptions; maternal behaviour; barriers to physical activity; and the home and local environments. Two separate studies were conducted. Study I included 24 mothers of four-year-old children who completed the questionnaire then participated in a telephone interview covering similar items to the questionnaire. To assess validity, the agreement between interview and questionnaire responses was assessed using Cohen's kappa and percentage agreement. Study II involved 398 mothers of four-year-old children participating in the Southampton Women's Survey. In this study, principal components analysis was used to explore the factor structure of the questionnaire to aid future analyses with these data. The internal consistency of the factors identified was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Results Kappa scores showed 30% of items to have moderate agreement or above, 23% to have fair agreement and 47% to have slight or poor agreement. However, 89% of items had fair agreement as assessed by percentage agreement (? 66%. Limited variation in responses to variables is likely to have contributed to some of the low kappa values. Six questions had a low kappa and low percentage agreement (defined as poor validity; these included questions from the child personal factors, maternal self-efficacy, rules and restrictions, and local environment domains. The principal components analysis identified eleven factors and found several variables to stand alone. Eight of the composite factors identified had acceptable internal consistency (? ? 0.60 and three fell just short of achieving this (0.60 > ? > 0.50. Conclusion Overall, this maternal questionnaire had reasonable validity and internal consistency for assessing potential correlates of physical activity in young children. With minor revision, this could be a useful tool for future research in this area. This, in turn, will aid the development of interventions to promote physical activity in this age group.

  16. Interpreting Personality Tests: A Clinical Manual for the MMPI-2, MCMI-III, CPI-R, and 16PF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Robert J.

    This book provides step-by-step procedures for clinical personality interpretation to help mental health professionals determine the psychological health of their clients, determine maladjustment and problem behaviors, and reach a diagnosis. Each of the four chapters is devoted to one of the four key personality tests. These are: (1) "Minnesota…

  17. Psychometric properties of the Cyberbullying Questionnaire (CBQ) among Mexican adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gámez-Guadix, Manuel; Villa-George, Fabiola; Calvete, Esther

    2014-01-01

    The first objective of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Cyberbullying Questionnaire (CBQ), an instrument for measuring the perpetration and victimization of bullying via new technologies for adolescents. The second objective was to analyze gender differences in the prevalence of cyberbullying. The study sample consisted of 1,491 Mexican adolescents (52.4% male and 47.6% female) with a mean age of 14.51 years (SD = 1.57, range = 12-18). A confirmatory factor analysis of the CBQ indicated a good fit of a model consisting of two factors designated as "perpetration" and "victimization." The internal consistencies for these subscales were adequate. Furthermore, multiple-group-covariance-structure analysis with the Mexican and a Spanish sample (N = 1008; 55.7% girls; mean age = 15.23 years, SD = 1.4) indicated equivalence of the factor structure of the CBQ across samples. An analysis of the relationship between the CBQ and other variables-such as the justification of cyberbullying, impulsivity, and depression-provided additional data supporting the construct validity of the instrument. Regarding gender differences in the prevalence of CB, perpetration was significantly higher for males than for females, whereas no differences were found for victimization. Finally, we discuss the contributions of this work to the field of study. PMID:24834745

  18. Executive Dysfunctions Across Adulthood: Measurement Properties and Correlates of the DEX Self-Report Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Gerstorf, Denis; Siedlecki, Karen L.; Tucker-drob, Elliot M.; Salthouse, Timothy A.

    2008-01-01

    Difficulties in executive processes can disturb daily life functioning. Using data obtained from two independent community-dwelling samples (n1 = 468, n2 = 669, 18–97 years), we examined the factor structure of the Dysexecutive Functioning Questionnaire (DEX) and explored the frequencies and potential correlates of self-reported executive difficulties. Our results revealed that executive problems are parsimoniously described with one underlying factor. Everyday executive dysfunctions were m...

  19. Measurement invariance of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) : a cross-national validity study

    OpenAIRE

    Sala, M. N.; Molina, P.; Abler, B.; Kessler, H.; Vanbrabant, L. G. F.; Schoot, R.

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this research was to examine the measurement invariance of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ; Gross & John, 2003) across two European nations. Participants were Italian and German undergraduate students. First, confirmatory factor analysis was used to test for the two-factor structure of the ERQ; subsequently, measurement invariance was analysed. The results showed acceptable fit indices for the German and Italian sample; however, results with regard to t...

  20. The Reactive–Proactive Aggression Questionnaire: Differential Correlates of Reactive and Proactive Aggression in Adolescent Boys

    OpenAIRE

    Raine, Adrian; Dodge, Kenneth; Loeber, Rolf; Gatzke-kopp, Lisa; Lynam, Don; Reynolds, Chandra; Stouthamer-loeber, Magda; Liu, Jianghong

    2006-01-01

    This study reports the development of the Reactive–Proactive Aggression Questionnaire (RPQ), and the differential correlates of these two forms of aggression. Antisocial, psychosocial and personality measures were obtained at ages 7 and 16 years in schoolboys, while the RPQ was administered to 334 of the boys at age 16 years. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated a significant fit for a two-factor proactive–reactive model that replicated from one independent subsample to another. Proacti...

  1. Assessment of stigma associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Psychometric evaluation of the ADHD Stigma Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Kellison, Ida; Bussing, Regina; Bell, Lindsay; Garvan, Cynthia

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the ADHD Stigma Questionnaire (ASQ) among a community sample of 301 adolescents ages 11–19 years at high (n = 192) and low risk (n = 109) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Study subjects were drawn from a cohort study assessing ADHD detection and service use. The 26-item ASQ demonstrated good internal consistency. Confirmatory factor analysis using random parceling supported a three factor structure with highly correlate...

  2. Validez del Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) en Mujeres Mexicanas / Validity of Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) In Mexican Women

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rosalía, Vázquez Arévalo; Jessica, Galán Julio; Xochitl, López Aguilar; Georgina L., Alvarez Rayón; Juan Manuel, Mancilla Díaz; Alejandro, Caballero Romo; Claudia, Unikel Santoncini.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de la presente investigación fue validar el instrumento en población mexicana femenina Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), creado con la finalidad de evaluar la insatisfacción corporal. Participaron 472 mujeres, 256 eran estudiantes (x? = 15.9, DE = 3.2) y conformaron el grupo control y 216 [...] pacientes con Trastorno del Comportamiento Alimentario (TCA) (x? = 20.5, DE = 3.9) con un rango de edad de 13 a 30 años. Los resultados mostraron una excelente consistencia interna (a = .98), así como una estructura de 2 factores que explicaron el 63.8% de la varianza total. Estos fueron: 1) Malestar corporal normativo (?=.95) y 2) Malestar corporal patológico (?=.94). Respecto a la validez discriminante y predictiva, el BSQ mostró una buena capacidad de clasificar a individuos con TCA, en función de la insatisfacción corporal, y se observó que dicha capacidad es mayor cuando discrimina entre Anorexia, Bulimia y control (? de Wilks = .485, ?²(gl=1)= 278.830, p? .001). Finalmente se exploraron 6 diferentes puntos de corte, de los cuales 110 fue el que demostró ser el más apropiado, de acuerdo a sus valores de sensibilidad (84.3%) y especificidad (84.4%). En conclusión el BSQ es un cuestionario de gran utilidad para detectar la insatisfacción corporal en mujeres mexicanas. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to validate the instrument Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) in female Mexican population, created to assess body dissatisfaction. 472 women participated, 256 were students and formed the control group (x? = 15.9, DE = 3.2) and 216 patients with Eating Disorders (ED) (x? = 20. [...] 5, DE = 3.9) with an age range of 13 to 30 years. The results showed excellent internal consistency (a = .98) and a 2-factor structure that explained 63.8% of the total variance. These were: 1) normative body uncomfort (?=.95), and 2) pathological body uncomfort (?=.94). Regarding the discriminant and predictive validity, the BSQ showed good ability to classify individuals with eating disorders, depending on body dissatisfaction, noting that such capacity is greater when discriminating between Anorexia, Bulimia and control (? de Wilks = .485, ?2(gl=1)= 278.830, p? .001). Finally we explored 6 different cut off points, of which the 110-was proved to be the most appropriate according to their values of sensitivity (84.3%) and specificity (84.4%). In conclusion, the BSQ is a useful questionnaire to detect body dissatisfaction in Mexican women.

  3. Assessment of sleep problems in preschool aged children: an adaptation of the children's sleep habits questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sneddon, Penny; Peacock, Gretchen Gimpel; Crowley, Susan L

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the factor structure of the children's sleep habits questionnaire (CSHQ) when used with preschool and toddler age children. Mothers of 105 children ages 2-5 completed the CSHQ, the child behavior checklist (CBCL), and a sleep diary. Internal consistency for the original subscales on the CSHQ ranged from .55 to .82 and factor analysis resulted in four factors that tap into critical aspects of sleep. The concurrent validity of the revised scales of the CSHQ was adequate. Overall the results from this study suggest a revised factor structure may be more appropriate for use with preschool and toddler age children. PMID:23394069

  4. Development of a questionnaire to assess interprofessional collaboration between two different care levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Nuño Solinís

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. This paper reports the development and validation of a questionnaire to assess collaboration between clinical professionals from two different care levels (primary and specialised care, according to the clinicians' own perceptions. This questionnaire has been elaborated to be used as part of the monitoring and evaluation process of the integrated care pilots in the public Basque Health Service.Methods. The process was carried out in four phases: development of the first version of the questionnaire, validation of the content, pre-testing, and evaluation of its construct validity and homogeneity in a sample of doctors and nurses. This last phase involved confirmatory factor analysis, as well as the calculation of Cronbach's ? and various correlation coefficients.Results. The process demonstrated that the theoretical content of the questionnaire was appropriate, and also that its items were clear, relevant and intelligible. The fit indices for the confirmatory factor analysis were: c2 of 45.51 (p = 0.089, RMSEA of 0.043, RMR of 0.046, GFI of 0.92 and CFI of 0.99.Discussion. The statistics indicate a good fit between the data and a conceptual two-factor structure, in which both personal relationships between professionals and characteristics of the organisational environment are understood to underlie interprofessional collaboration.Conclusion. The end-product is a new instrument with good validity to assess the degree of interprofessional collaboration between clinicians working at two different levels of care.

  5. Clinimetric properties of illness perception questionnaire revised (IPQ-R) and brief illness perception questionnaire (Brief IPQ) in patients with musculoskeletal disorders: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leysen, Marijke; Nijs, Jo; Meeus, Mira; Paul van Wilgen, C; Struyf, Filip; Vermandel, Alexandra; Kuppens, Kevin; Roussel, Nathalie A

    2015-02-01

    Several questionnaires are available to evaluate illness perceptions in patients, such as the illness perception questionnaire revised (IPQ-R) and the brief version (Brief IPQ). This study aims to systematically review the literature concerning the clinimetric properties of the IPQ-R and the Brief IPQ in patients with musculoskeletal pain. The electronic databases Web of Sciences and PubMed were searched. Studies were included when the clinimetric properties of the IPQ-R or Brief IPQ were assessed in adults with musculoskeletal pain. Methodological quality was determined using the COSMIN checklist. Eight articles were included and evaluated. The methodological quality was good for 3 COSMIN boxes, fair for 11 and poor for 3 boxes. None of the articles obtained an excellent methodological score. The results of this review suggest that the IPQ-R is a reliable questionnaire, except for illness coherence. Internal consistency is good, except for the causal domain. The IPQ-R has good construct validity, but the factor structure is unstable. Hence, the IPQ-R appears to be a useful instrument for assessing illness perceptions, but care must be taken when generalizing the results of adapted versions of the questionnaires. The Brief IPQ shows moderate overall test-retest reliability. No articles examining the validity of the Brief IPQ were found. Further research should therefore focus on the content and criterion validity of the IPQ-R and the clinimetric properties of the Brief IPQ. PMID:25435470

  6. Reliability and validity study of Persian modified version of MUSIC (musculoskeletal intervention center – Norrtalje questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jensen Irene

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs are a major health problem in the world. Self-reported questionnaires are a known method for estimating the prevalence of MSDs among the population. One of the studies concerning MSDs and their relation to work-related physical and psychosocial factors, as well as non-work-related factors, is the MUSIC-Norrtalje study in Sweden. In this study, the research group developed a questionnaire, which has been validated during its development process and is now considered a well-known instrument. The aim of this study is to validate the Persian version of this questionnaire. Methods The first step was to establish two expert panel groups in Iran and Sweden. The Focus Group Discussion (FGD method was used to detect questionnaire face and content validity. To detect questionnaire reliability, we used the test-retest method. Results Except for two items, all other questions that respondents had problems with in the focus group (20 of 297, had unclear translations; the ambiguity was related to the stem of the questions and the predicted answers were clear for the participants. The concepts of 'household/spare time' and 'physical activity in the workplace' were not understood by the participants of FGD; this has been solved by adding further descriptions to these phrases in the translation. In the test-retest study, the reliability coefficient was relatively high in most items (only 5 items out of 297 had an ICC or kappa below 0.7. Conclusion The findings from the present study provide evidence that the Persian version of the MUSIC questionnaire is a reliable and valid instrument.

  7. Construction and validation of questionnaire to assess recreational noise exposure in university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuentes López, Eduardo A; Morales, Felipe Cardemil

    2014-01-01

    Recreational noise exposure and its impact on hearing is a problem to which increasing attention is being paid. In Spanish, it is necessary to have a reliable and valid instrument that is capable of describing the extent of noise exposure. The aim was to create and validate an instrument to determine listening habits and levels of recreational noise exposure in young people. We performed a transversal questionnaire validation study using university students. We assessed the validity of the content and appearance of the "Recreational Hearing Habits Questionnaire" (CHAR in Spanish) through experts' judgment. Then we piloted the administration of semantic adaptation with 30 students. Finally, the instrument was applied to 335 Chilean university students, obtaining with these indicators that demonstrated convergent validity of the construct, criterion and reliability. We used exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, as well as correlation and agreement tests. It was confirmed that 14 questions in the questionnaire have a good item-test correlation, having also a factorial structure that indicates the existence of three-dimensions. The questionnaire has good internal consistency and convergent validity with the Noise Exposure Questionnaire. In addition, the score obtained in the CHAR is a predictor of the presence of notch at frequencies of 4 kHz in the right ear and 6 kHz in the left. The CHAR is useful for determining listening habits and thereby recreational noise exposure, indicating good psychometric properties. PMID:25209039

  8. Development and validation of an inventory to assess conflict in sport teams: the Group Conflict Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paradis, Kyle; Carron, Albert; Martin, Luc

    2014-12-01

    Abstract The purpose of the study was to develop and validate a conceptually and psychometrically sound conflict questionnaire for sport. The development process involved 3 phases: (a) a qualitative phase, (b) a content and factorial validity phase and (c) a construct validity phase. A total of 50 items were generated and sent to 6 experts to determine content validity. Through this process, 25 items were retained and administered to a sample of athletes (n = 437) to determine factorial validity. Based on these results, a second sample (n = 305) was administered the 14-item version of the Group Conflict Questionnaire along with the Group Environment Questionnaire, the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Passion Scale to test convergent, discriminant and known-group difference validity. Cross-validation from both samples via confirmatory factor analysis yielded moderate-to-acceptable model fit, thus supporting factorial validity for the 14-item version. Additionally, initial support for convergent validity and known-group difference validity and partial support for discriminant validity were found. A sport-specific conflict questionnaire is now available for researchers to utilise. Results and research implications are discussed. PMID:25358085

  9. Validation and results of a questionnaire for functional bowel disease in out-patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skordilis Panagiotis

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim was to evaluate and validate a bowel disease questionnaire in patients attending an out-patient gastroenterology clinic in Greece. Methods This was a prospective study. Diagnosis was based on detailed clinical and laboratory evaluation. The questionnaire was tested on a pilot group of patients. Interviewer-administration technique was used. One-hundred-and-forty consecutive patients attending the out-patient clinic for the first time and fifty healthy controls selected randomly participated in the study. Reliability (kappa statistics and validity of the questionnaire were tested. We used logistic regression models and binary recursive partitioning for assessing distinguishing ability among irritable bowel syndrome (IBS, functional dyspepsia and organic disease patients. Results Mean time for questionnaire completion was 18 min. In test-retest procedure a good agreement was obtained (kappa statistics 0.82. There were 55 patients diagnosed as having IBS, 18 with functional dyspepsia (Rome I criteria, 38 with organic disease. Location of pain was a significant distinguishing factor, patients with functional dyspepsia having no lower abdominal pain (p Conclusions This questionnaire for functional bowel disease is a valid and reliable instrument that can distinguish satisfactorily between organic and functional disease in an out-patient setting.

  10. Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Román Martínez, Julio; Guillén, Félix; Feltz, Deborah

    2011-08-01

    The present study analyses the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Collective Efficacy Questionnaire in Sports (CEQS). The sample comprises 312 athletes (167 males and 145 females), with a mean age of 24.09 (SD= 6.67), with diverse performance levels (professional, semiprofessional and university level), all practitioners of team sports. The factor structure of the questionnaire was analyzed with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The results confirm the 5-factor internal structure of the CESQ (Effort, Ability, Unity, Perseverance and Preparation), made up of four items each. We also found acceptable values of the alpha coefficient, which confirms that the CESQ is a reliable instrument. Lastly, we found preliminary support for the validity of the construct of the CESQ, which is sufficient evidence to justify its use to measure the collective efficacy in Spanish athletes. PMID:21774906

  11. Development of Problem Solving Confidence Questionnaire: Study of Validation and Reliability [PDF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolga Gok

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to develop and validate a problem solving confidence questionnaire which would help teachers, instructors, and researchers to have better understanding of problem solving confidence of students. The participants of this scale were 950 undergraduate science and engineering students enrolled in the Introductory Calculus Based Physics. The development of the scale included the following three steps; item formulation, content validation and reliability calculation. The scale has 20 items allocated to two factors: (1 High Confidence; (2 Low Confidence. The scale items had a factor loading of at least .40. The results of the factor analysis revealed that the scale accounted for the 57.32% of the total variance. The alpha reliability coefficient was .92. According to these findings, the Problem Solving Confidence Questionnaire (PSCQ is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used in the field of engineering and science education.

  12. Adaptation, Validity and Reliability of the Body Sensations Questionnaire Turkish Version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aysegül KART

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ. Method: BSQ was administered to 122 patients with panic disorder. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Socio-demographic Data Form and BSQ Turkish version were administered to participants. Construct validity was assesed by factor analysis after Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO and Bartlett tests applied. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis. Results: 66% (n=80 of the participants were female and 34% (n=42 were male. The mean age of participants was 31,7±10,8 years and age range was 18-58 years. Internal consistency of the questionnaire was calculated 0,921 by Cronbach alpha. In analysis performed by split-half method reliability coefficients of half questionnaire were found as 0,889 and 0,850. Again spearmen-brown coefficient was found as 0,849 by the same analysis. Factor analysis revealed five basic factors. 75,2% of the total variance was explained with these five factors. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the Turkish version of BSQ is a reliable and valid scale for measuring the fear of the bodily sensations associated with panic.

  13. The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire: a psychometric evaluation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Petersen, Janne

    2010-01-01

    The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire was originally a 22 item scale, later reduced to a 12 item scale. In population studies the 12 item scale has been a significant predictor of health and illness. The scale has not been psychometrically evaluated for more than 30 years, and the aim of the present study was both to evaluate the psychometric properties of the 22 and 12 item scales and of three new scales. The main study sample was a community sample comprising more than 6,000 men and women. In this sample the coefficients of homogeneity were all over 0.30 for the three new scales, but below 0.30 for the 12 and the 22 item scales. All five Mental Vulnerability scales had positively skewed score distributions which were associated significantly with both SCL-90-R symptom scores and NEO-PI-R personality scales (primarily Neuroticism and Extraversion). Coefficient alpha was highest for the 22 and 12 item scales, and the two scales also showed the highest long-term stability. The three new scales reflect relatively independent dimensions of Psychosomatic Symptoms, Mental Symptoms, and Interpersonal Problems, but because of reliability problems it remains an open question whether they will prove useful as predictors of health and morbidity.

  14. A Comparison of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and the Psychological Screening Inventory in a Delinquent Sample and a Comparison Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGurk, Barry J.; Bolton, Neil

    1981-01-01

    Compared the scores of reformatory inmates and technical college students on the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and the Psychological Screening Inventory. Two factors accounted for most of the variance. Neuroticism was common to both groups. The second factor in the delinquent group was extraversion. (Author/JAC)

  15. Simulator Sickness Questionnaire: tradução e adaptação transcultural Simulator Sickness Questionnaire: translation and cross-cultural adaptation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcele Regine de Carvalho

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Contexto: O estudo de cybersickness, sintomas desconfortáveis relacionados à interação em ambientes virtuais, é importante para a implementação de melhorias destes, para ajudar a preservar o bem-estar dos usuários e reduzir o abandono às exposições virtuais. Usar um instrumento adequado para identificar e mensurar os sintomas de cybersickness, de forma padronizada, pode contribuir para essa finalidade. Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar as etapas de tradução e adaptação para a língua portuguesa do instrumento Simulator Sickness Questionnaire, que mede os sintomas de cybersickness. Métodos: Três traduções e retrotraduções foram realizadas por avaliadores independentes; realizaram-se a equivalência semântica e a avaliação das versões, sendo elaborada uma versão síntese. Os comentários dos participantes sobre a versão preliminar do questionário foram examinados. Resultados: Foi construída a versão brasileira preliminar do questionário. Verificou-se que a maioria dos participantes entendeu as descrições dos sintomas expostas no questionário em português. Conclusão: A utilização de três versões de tradução e retrotradução, discussão sobre a versão síntese e a interlocução com a população-alvo proporcionaram viabilidade ao processo de equivalência semântica da versão final brasileira.Background: The study of cybersickness, uncomfortable symptoms related to interaction in vir­tual environments, is important for these environments’ improvement that help to preserve the welfare of users and reduce the abandonment of virtual exposures. Using an appropriate instrument to identify and measure the symptoms of cybersickness in a standardized way can contribute to this purpose. Objective: The objective of the current study is to present the stages of translation and adaptation into Portuguese of the instrument "Simulator Sickness Questionnaire", which measures cybersickness’ symptoms. Methods: Three translations and back translations were conducted by independent evaluators, the semantic equivalence and versions’ evaluation were made, producing a synthesized version. Comments from participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire were examined. Results: The preliminary Brazilian version of the questionnaire was developed. It was found that most participants understood the symptoms’ descriptions given in the translated questionnaire. Conclusion: The use of three different versions of translation and back translation, the discussion of the synthetic version and the interaction with the target population have provided viability for the process of semantic equivalence of the Brazilian final version.

  16. Driving Cognitions Questionnaire: estudo de equivalência semântica / Driving Cognitions Questionnaire: semantic equivalence study

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marcele Regine de, Carvalho; Rafael Thomaz da, Costa; Aline, Sardinha; Valfrido Leão de, Melo-Neto; Antonio Egidio, Nardi.

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O medo de dirigir pode restringir a vida do indivíduo e gerar sérios problemas pessoais, sociais e ocupacionais. Usar um instrumento adequado para a avaliação de cognições do paciente é importante, já que contribui para uma formulação dos problemas apresentados, podendo guiar um plano de [...] tratamento coerente. O objetivo deste estudo foi apresentar as etapas de tradução e adaptação para a língua portuguesa do instrumento Driving Cognitions Questionnaire, que mede as cognições que podem estar presentes no medo de dirigir MÉTODOS: Três traduções e três retrotraduções foram realizadas por seis avaliadores independentes. Realizou-se a equivalência semântica e avaliação das versões, elaborando-se uma versão síntese. Comentários dos 10 participantes sobre a versão preliminar do questionário foram examinados. Foi construída a versão brasileira preliminar do questionário. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos participantes entendeu as descrições das cognições expostas no questionário em português. CONCLUSÃO: A utilização de três versões de tradução e retrotradução, a discussão sobre a versão síntese preliminar e a interlocução com a população-alvo proporcionaram viabilidade ao processo de equivalência semântica da versão final brasileira. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The fear of driving may restrict the life of patients and cause serious personal, social, and occupational problems. It is important to use a suitable tool while assessing patients’ cognitions, once these findings may help formulate the problems observed and may guide the selection of [...] a consistent treatment plan. The objective of this study was to describe the stages of translation and adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of the Driving Cognitions Questionnaire, designed to measure cognitions that may be present in the fear of driving. METHODS: Three translations and three back translations were conducted by six independent evaluators. Semantic equivalence assessment and evaluation of the different versions were conducted and resulted in a synthesized version of the instrument. Comments made by 10 participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire were examined. The preliminary Brazilian version of the questionnaire was developed. RESULTS: Most participants understood the cognitions as described in the Brazilian Portuguese version of the questionnaire. CONCLUSION: The use of three different translations and back translations, discussion of a preliminary synthetic version and interaction with the target population contributed to the viability of the process aimed to assess the semantic equivalence of the Brazilian final version.

  17. Improving access for patients – a practice manager questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Brown James S; Meade James G

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background The administrative and professional consequences of access targets for general practices, as detailed in the new GMS contract, are unknown. This study researched the effect of implementing the access targets of the new GP contract on general practice appointment systems, and practice manager satisfaction in a UK primary health care setting. Methods A four-part postal questionnaire was administered. The questionnaire was modified from previously validated questionnaires and...

  18. Information technologies based questionnaire tool in human-automation systems

    OpenAIRE

    Manresa-yee, Cristina; Ponsa Asensio, Pere; Vilanova, Ramon; Pe?rez, A?lex

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we present an Information Technologies (IT) based questionnaire tool in order to support evaluation activities related to industrial automation. We assess the questionnaire tool by giving special attention to teaching activities at different universities and industrial cooperation, all of them within the industrial automation field. In an initial assessment, the use of an evaluation questionnaire tool within an academic platform allows members from different universities to coll...

  19. Validity and Reliability of Sport Organizational Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Hamid Sarani; Ali Mohammad Safania

    2014-01-01

    This research has been designed and conducted to evaluate the validity and reliability of organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire as an instrument in sports environment to assess the status of organizational citizenship behavior dimensions among the athletes of clubs. A 20-question questionnaire has been designed to measure the dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior by studying the background of existing researches and questionnaires. The statistical sample included all o...

  20. A Web-Based Questionnaire of Ethical Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Vega Nicoli, Mayte

    2008-01-01

    The web-based Questionnaire of Ethical Skills (QES) is a technology tool thatmeasures ethical competence in business as a psychological problem-solving and decision-making skill. Autonomous reasoning is measured by this questionnaire, what is in psychological terms known as ethical competence. Information and communication technology tools – as the one that is presented here - should be used to do special training and facilitate the achievement of ethical competence. With this questionnaire...

  1. Validation of the Clinical COPD questionnaire in Italian language

    OpenAIRE

    Raccanelli Rita; Pappagallo Silvana; Frigo Vinicio; Bonatti Chiara; Damato Salvatore; Rampoldi Claudio; Rodi Francesco

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background The development and validation study of the Clinical Chronic Obstructive Disease (COPD) Questionnaire (CCQ) has recently been published in this journal. The CCQ is the first questionnaire that incorporates both clinician and patient guideline goals in the clinical control evaluation of patients with COPD in general clinical practice. The aim of this study is the validation of the CCQ questionnaire in Italian, in specific pulmonary disease clinical practice. Methods Validit...

  2. A cardiovascular extension of the Health Measurement Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, A. J.; Glasziou, P. P.; Simes, R. J.

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychometric properties of a cardiovascular extension of an existing utility-based quality of life questionnaire (Health Measurement Questionnaire). The new instrument has been named the Utility Based Quality of life--Heart questionnaire, or UBQ-H. DESIGN: Explored the test-retest reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness of the UBQ-H. PATIENTS: A sample of 322 patients attending cardiac outpatient clinics were recruited from two large metropolita...

  3. Diagnostic relevance of a questionnaire for osteoporosis risk assessment - comparison with osteodensitometry data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The early detection of osteoporosis is a key factor for reducing associated costs. Clinical risk factors have been used for selection of subjects suitable for bone densitometry. Questionnaires for preliminary osteoporosis risk assessment have already been implemented. The purpose of this study is to apply an original questionnaire for risk assessment and to assess its diagnostic value by comparison to forearm bone mineral density data (BMD). 285 females were included - mean age 53.5 ±8.8 years, 82% were menopausal. The osteoporosis risk was assessed by an original score system based on a questionnaire. Forearm BMD was measured by single-energy x-ray absorptiometry using own reference ranges. Two diagnosis models were tested by 'cluster analysis' - classifications with 3 or 2 diagnostic items. The second proved better. Sensitivity in detecting women with forearm osteoporosis was 86.7%, specificity - 16.5% and 75.8% of all women were correctly classified. The total score distribution in the study population is skewed to the right which reflects the two subgroups - at high and low risk for osteoporosis. The value of a similar questionnaire in the overall strategy for diagnosis and treatment of low BMD is discussed. (author)

  4. Less time, better quality. Shortening questionnaires to assess team environment and goal orientation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcaraz, Saül; Viladrich, Carme; Torregrosa, Miquel

    2013-01-01

    When assessing team environments in youth sport, participants often spend substantial time responding to lots of items in questionnaires, causing a lack of efficiency (i.e. time and effort) and a decrease of data quality. The purpose of this work was to create short-forms of the questionnaires PeerMCYSQ, SCQPeer, TEOSQ, and also to analyse the existing short-form of the SCQCoach. In Study 1 we developed the short-forms of the instruments. We shortened the questionnaires by using both theory driven and data-driven criteria. In Study 2, we used also qualitative and quantitative data with the aim of validating the short-forms. Finally, in Study 3 we tested the last version of the short-forms and sought evidences concerning their criterion validity. The results showed evidence that supports the psychometric merit of these short-forms: (a) significantly less missing values were obtained; (b) all the factors obtained alpha values above .70; (c) confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated that the short-forms fitted the hypothesized models well; (d) correlations between variables were coherent with expectations, and (e) structural equation modeling results showed significant paths consistent with previous literature. On average, our participants only spent a third of the time used to complete the original questionnaires. PMID:24230940

  5. [WOA: a questionnaire for the evaluation of work organization. Translation and validation of the Italian version].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnavita, N; Mammi, F; Roccia, K; Vincenti, F

    2007-01-01

    The Work Organisation Assessment questionnaire (WOAq) has been translated into Italian, back-translated, and modified. Data were collected from 160 health care workers and 50 white-collar bank employees. Employee wellbeing was assessed by the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12), while work stress was assessed by the Karasek's Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ). Reliability, as measured by Cronbach's alpha, was very good (0.95). Principal component analysis revealed that a significant percentage of the variance (41.8%) was explained by a single summative factor which included 25 of the 28 items. Varimax orthogonal rotation yielded the same five factors observed in the original questionnaire (reward and recognition, quality of relationship with management, quality of physical environment, quality of relationship with colleagues, workload). The WOAQ sum score was positively related to social support, as measured by the Karasek's JCQ (Spearman's rho = 0.523; p strong association with job stress and employee wellbeing, and it may be useful in risk assessment procedures. PMID:18409894

  6. Development of an In Flight Vision Self-Assessment Questionnaire for Long Duration Space Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Vicky E.; Gibson, Charles R.; Pierpoline, Katherine M.

    2010-01-01

    OVERVIEW A NASA Flight Medicine optometrist teamed with a human factors specialist to develop an electronic questionnaire for crewmembers to record their visual acuity test scores and perceived vision assessment. It will be implemented on the International Space Station (ISS) and administered as part of a suite of tools for early detection of potential vision changes. The goal of this effort was to rapidly develop a set of questions to help in early detection of visual (e.g. blurred vision) and/or non-visual (e.g. headaches) symptoms by allowing the ISS crewmembers to think about their own current vision during their spaceflight missions. PROCESS An iterative process began with a Space Shuttle one-page paper questionnaire generated by the optometrist that was updated by applying human factors design principles. It was used as a baseline to establish an electronic questionnaire for ISS missions. Additional questions needed for the ISS missions were included and the information was organized to take advantage of the computer-based file format available. Human factors heuristics were applied to the prototype and then they were reviewed by the optometrist and procedures specialists with rapid-turn around updates that lead to the final questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS With about only a month lead time, a usable tool to collect crewmember assessments was developed through this cross-discipline collaboration. With only a little expenditure of energy, the potential payoff is great. ISS crewmembers will complete the questionnaire at 30 days into the mission, 100 days into the mission and 30 days prior to return to Earth. The systematic layout may also facilitate physicians later data extraction for quick interpretation of the data. The data collected along with other measures (e.g. retinal and ultrasound imaging) at regular intervals could potentially lead to early detection and treatment of related vision problems than using the other measures alone.

  7. The VARK Questionnaire: How Do I Learn Best?

    Science.gov (United States)

    The VARK Questionnaire "How Do I Learn Best?" is a very useful free learning styles survey tool. This questionnaire can help students better understand how they learn and how to best study depending upon their preferred learning style: visual, aural, kinesthetic, read-write or multimodal. After taking the questionnaire, the participant will receive a personal learning profile with learning and study hints specifically geared to their learning style. It also can help instructors find out how their students learn and the best ways to teach them. There is also a version of the questionnaire available for athletes or for younger people.

  8. Objective and subjective personality characteristics of medical students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meit, Heather Anderson

    The present study viewed personality characteristics of medical students using both objective (i.e., a valid and reliable psychological instrument) and subjective methods (i.e., medical students' self-ratings of how they viewed themselves and how they believed others viewed them). The 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF, 5th Edition) and a researcher developed instrument, the Subjective Rating Form (SRF), were utilized in this study. Significant differences were found in 16PF scores from entry to medical school (Time 1) to exit from medical school (Time 2). Significant differences were also observed when SRF scores were compared between Self at Time 1 (retrospectively), Self at Time 2, and self-ratings made from the perspective of Other. Most striking were differences between 16PF and SRF scores when compared with each other, at both Time 1 and Time 2. This last group of findings translated into differences between the actual and perceived self (i.e., real vs. ideal). The implications of such differences are discussed.

  9. Dysautonomia in Narcolepsy: Evidence by Questionnaire Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Gilles; Vaillant, Michel; Pieri, Vannina; Fink, Gereon R.; Diederich, Nico

    2014-01-01

    Background and Purpose Excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden sleep attacks are the main features of narcolepsy, but rapid-eye-movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), hyposmia, and depression can also occur. The latter symptoms are nonmotor features in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). In the present study, IPD-proven diagnostic tools were tested to determine whether they are also applicable in the assessment of narcolepsy. Methods This was a case-control study comparing 15 patients with narcolepsy (PN) and 15 control subjects (CS) using the Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson's Autonomic Test (SCOPA-AUT), Parkinson's Disease Nonmotor Symptoms (PDNMS), University of Pennsylvania Smell Test, Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue test, Beck Depression Inventory, and the RBD screening questionnaire. Results Both the PN and CS exhibited mild hyposmia and no deficits in visual tests. Frequent dysautonomia in all domains except sexuality was found for the PN. The total SCOPA-AUT score was higher for the PN (18.47±10.08, mean±SD) than for the CS (4.40±3.09), as was the PDNMS score (10.53±4.78 and 1.80±2.31, respectively). RBD was present in 87% of the PN and 0% of the CS. The PN were more depressed than the CS. The differences between the PN and CS for all of these variables were statistically significant (all p<0.05). Conclusions The results of this study provide evidence for the presence of dysautonomia and confirm the comorbidities of depression and RBD in narcolepsy patients. The spectrum, which is comparable to the nonmotor complex in IPD, suggests wide-ranging, clinically detectable dysfunction beyond the narcoleptic core syndrome. PMID:25324880

  10. Reliability of GMFCS family report questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rackauskaite, Gija; Thorsen, Poul

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the reliability of the web-based GMFCS Family Report Questionnaire (GMFCS-FR) between 8 and 11 years old children, compared with the GMFCS-Expanded and Revised (GMFCS-E&R). Method: The GMFCS-FR was translated from the English GMFCS-FR into Danish after the CanChild guidelines; only the order of levels was chosen like in the GMFCS-E&R. Families of 30 children with spastic and dystonic cerebral palsy (age from 8 to 11 years, randomly selected from a cerebral palsy register) answered the GMFCS-FR and were later interviewed by two physiotherapists. Participants and non-responders were compared on basic parameters available from the Danish CP register. Inter-rater agreement and weighted ¿ was calculated in order to compare the translated GMFCS-FR with physiotherapist's applied GMFCS-E&R. Results: The inter-rater agreement between the GMFCS-FR in Danish and the GMFCS-E&R was high (76%) and misclassification was minimal. There was a good agreement on the same or nearby levels (weighted ¿¿=¿0.76 and 0.81). The family rated the same or less ability, when compared with trained physiotherapists. Conclusion: The GMFCS-FR is a reliable tool for GMFCS evaluation among 8-11 years old Danish children with CP. The tendency for less-ability rating by families is important when performing and comparing results from epidemiological studies based on GMFCS-FR and GMFCS-E&R. [Box: see text].

  11. Validity and reliability of the Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) / Validez y fiabilidad del Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Karina S. M., d' Almeida; Gabriela C., Souza; Eneida Rejane, Rabelo-Silva.

    1702-17-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Introducción: El Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) evalúa actitudes y comportamientos de pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) relacionados con el cumplimiento de la restricción de sodio. Recientemente, ha sido traducido y adaptado culturalmente para uso en Brasil. No obstante, una [...] validación adicional del instrumento se requiere para que pueda ser utilizado en el manejo de pacientes con IC en Brasil. Objetivo: Probar la fiabilidad y validez de la versión brasileña del DSRQ. Métodos: Validez aparente y de contenido fueron evaluados por un grupo de especialistas. Validez de cons-tructo se evaluó mediante análisis factorial exploratoria y confirmatoria. La fiabilidad y consistencia interna del cuestionario fue evaluada mediante el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. Resultados: Un total de 206 pacientes ambulatorios con IC fueron evaluados (edad media, 60,4 ± 11,9 años). Los resultados de la validez aparente y de contenido demostró la equivalencia entre la versión brasileña y de la versión original. En el análisis factorial exploratorio, el análisis de componentes principales (PCA) se obtuvieron cuatro factores con valores superiores a 1. Tres modelos fueron probados en el análisis factorial confirmatoria, y el modelo de tres factores resultantes del PCA mostró el mejor ajuste, representando 49% de la varianza. El alfa obtenido para las escalas de actitud/norma subjetiva, control de la conducta percibido y comportamiento dependiente fueron 0,71, 0,67 y 0,79, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados sugieren que la versión brasileña del DSRQ es un instrumento válido y fiable para medir las actitudes y comportamientos relacionados con una dieta baja en sodio en pacientes brasileños con IC. Abstract in english Introduction: The Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) was designed to assess attitudes and behaviors of patients with heart failure (HF) related to following a low-sodium diet. Recently, it has been translated and culturally adapted for use in Brazil. However, further validation of the i [...] nstrument is required before it can be used in the management of patients with HF in Brazil. Objective: To test the reliability and validity of the Brazilian version of the DSRQ. Methods: Face and content validity were assessed by a panel of experts. Construct validity was tested using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was tested using Cronbach's alpha to assess the internal consistency of the instrument. Results: A total of 206 systolic HF outpatients were assessed (mean age, 60.4 ± 11.9 years). Face and content validity analysis showed equivalence between the Brazilian version and the original instrument. In the exploratory factor analysis, the principal component analysis (PCA) yielded four factors with eigenvalues greater than 1. Three models were tested in the confirmatory factor analysis, and the three-factor model resulting from the PCA showed the best fit, accounting for 49% of the variance. Alpha values obtained for the attitude/ subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and dependent behavior subscales were 0.71, 0.67, and 0.79, respectively. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the final validated Brazilian version of the DSRQ is a valid and reliable tool for measuring attitudes and behaviors related to following a low-sodium diet in Brazilian patients with HF.

  12. Validación del Yong Schema Questionnaire Long Form - Second Edition (YSQ - L2 en población colombiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego A. Castrill\\u00F3n

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El Young Schema Questionnaire fue desarrollado por Young (1990 para evaluar los esquemas maladaptativos tempranos. Posteriormente el mismo autor ha llevado a cabo revisiones teóricas de los esquemas y su forma de agrupación, dando lugar a diferentes versiones del cuestionario. Para establecer las propiedades psicométricas y la validez estructural del Young Schema Questionnaire Long Form - Second Edition en la población universitaria de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia, se tomó una muestra aleatoria y representativa de 1.419 estudiantes universitarios. El estudio encontró que la prueba tenía una estructura factorial que se organizaba en once factores y explicaban el 65% de la varianza. Los factores encontrados fueron: abandono, insuficiente autocontrol/autodisciplina, desconfianza/abuso, privación emocional, vulnerabilidad al daño y a la enfermedad, autosacrificio, estándares inflexibles (factores séptimo y octavo, inhibición emocional, derecho y entrampamiento. En conclusión, los datos obtenidos validan la existencia de un modelo de once factores en el cuestionario Young Schema Questionnaire Long Form - Second Edition para la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia. Palabras clave:

  13. The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ: a validation study of a multidimensional self-report questionnaire to assess distress, depression, anxiety and somatization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Balkom Anton JLM

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ is a self-report questionnaire that has been developed in primary care to distinguish non-specific general distress from depression, anxiety and somatization. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate its criterion and construct validity. Methods Data from 10 different primary care studies have been used. Criterion validity was assessed by comparing the 4DSQ scores with clinical diagnoses, the GPs' diagnosis of any psychosocial problem for Distress, standardised psychiatric diagnoses for Depression and Anxiety, and GPs' suspicion of somatization for Somatization. ROC analyses and logistic regression analyses were used to examine the associations. Construct validity was evaluated by investigating the inter-correlations between the scales, the factorial structure, the associations with other symptom questionnaires, and the associations with stress, personality and social functioning. The factorial structure of the 4DSQ was assessed through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA. The associations with other questionnaires were assessed with Pearson correlations and regression analyses. Results Regarding criterion validity, the Distress scale was associated with any psychosocial diagnosis (area under the ROC curve [AUC] 0.79, the Depression scale was associated with major depression (AUC = 0.83, the Anxiety scale was associated with anxiety disorder (AUC = 0.66, and the Somatization scale was associated with the GPs' suspicion of somatization (AUC = 0.65. Regarding the construct validity, the 4DSQ scales appeared to have considerable inter-correlations (r = 0.35-0.71. However, 30–40% of the variance of each scale was unique for that scale. CFA confirmed the 4-factor structure with a comparative fit index (CFI of 0.92. The 4DSQ scales correlated with most other questionnaires measuring corresponding constructs. However, the 4DSQ Distress scale appeared to correlate with some other depression scales more than the 4DSQ Depression scale. Measures of stress (i.e. life events, psychosocial problems, and work stress were mainly associated with Distress, while Distress, in turn, was mainly associated with psychosocial dysfunctioning, including sick leave. Conclusion The 4DSQ seems to be a valid self-report questionnaire to measure distress, depression, anxiety and somatization in primary care patients. The 4DSQ Distress scale appears to measure the most general, most common, expression of psychological problems.

  14. Factorial validity and internal consistency of the PRAFAB questionnaire in women with stress urinary incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Staal J Bart

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To investigate the factor structure, dimensionality and construct validity of the (5-item PRAFAB questionnaire score in women with stress urinary incontinence (stress UI. Methods A cross validation study design was used in a cohort of 279 patients who were randomly divided into Sample A or B. Sample A was used for preliminary exploratory factor analyses with promax rotation. Sample B provided an independent sample for confirming the premeditated and proposed factor structure and item retention. Internal consistency, item-total and subscale correlations were determined to assess the dimensionality. Construct validity was assessed by comparing factor-based scale means by clinical characteristics based on known relationships. Results Factor analyses resulted in a two-factor structure or subscales: items related to 'leakage severity' (protection, amount and frequency and items related to its 'perceived symptom impact' or consequences of stress UI on the patient's life (adjustment and body (or self image. The patterns of the factor loadings were fairly identical for both study samples. The two constructed subscales demonstrated adequate internal consistency with Cronbach's alphas in a range of 0.78 and 0.84 respectively. Scale scores differed by clinical characteristics according to the expectations and supported the construct validity of the scales. Conclusion The findings suggest a two-factorial structure of the PRAFAB questionnaire. Furthermore the results confirmed the internal consistency and construct validity as demonstrated in our previous study. The best description of the factorial structure of the PRAFAB questionnaire was given by a two-factor solution, measuring the stress UI leakage severity items and the perceived symptom impact items. Future research will be necessary to replicate these findings in different settings, type of UI and non-white women and men.

  15. Validity of two common asthma-specific quality of life questionnaires: Juniper mini asthma quality of life questionnaire and Sydney asthma quality of life questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Apfelbacher Christian; Jones Christina; Hankins Matthew; Smith Helen

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background This study explored the psychometric properties (internal consistency, construct validity, discriminative ability) of the Juniper Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (Mini AQLQ-J) and the Sydney Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ-S). Methods One hundred fourty-six adults (18–45?years) with asthma requiring regular inhaled corticosteroids were recruited to a trial of written emotional disclosure. Correlational analyses were performed to understand the rela...

  16. Movement imagery ability: development and assessment of a revised version of the vividness of movement imagery questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Ross; Callow, Nichola; Hardy, Lew; Markland, David; Bringer, Joy

    2008-04-01

    The purpose of this research was to amend the Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire (VMIQ; Isaac, Marks, & Russell, 1986) in line with contemporary imagery modality and perspective conceptualizations, and to test the validity of the amended questionnaire (i.e., the VMIQ-2). Study 1 had 351 athletes complete the 3-factor (internal visual imagery, external visual imagery, and kinesthetic imagery) 24-item VMIQ-2. Following single-factor confirmatory factor analyses and item deletion, a 12-item version was subject to correlated traits / correlated uniqueness (CTCU) analysis. An acceptable fit was revealed. Study 2 used a different sample of 355 athletes. The CTCU analysis confirmed the factorial validity of the 12-item VMIQ-2. In Study 3, the concurrent and construct validity of the VMIQ-2 was supported. Taken together, the results of the 3 studies provide preliminary support for the revised VMIQ-2 as a psychometrically valid questionnaire. PMID:18490791

  17. PIRLS 2011 User Guide for the International Database. Supplement 1: International Version of the PIRLS 2011, Background Questionnaires and Curriculum Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foy, Pierre, Ed.; Drucker, Kathleen T., Ed.

    2013-01-01

    The PIRLS 2011 international database includes data for all questionnaires administered as part of the PIRLS 2011 assessment. This supplement contains the international version of the PIRLS 2011 background questionnaires and curriculum questionnaires in the following 5 sections: (1) Student Questionnaire; (2) Home Questionnaire (Learning to Read…

  18. Assessing the Efficacy of a Student Expectations Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warwick, Jon

    2012-01-01

    This article uses Rasch analysis to explore the efficacy of a questionnaire designed to assist university teaching staff in identifying those Level 4 students most in need of mathematics support. The students were all taking a mathematics module as part of their first year Computing curriculum, and the questionnaire explores the students' previous…

  19. NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Follow-up Questionnaire data set provides information concerning the activities within the household during the sampling week. The information is from 774 Follow-up Questionnaires for 320 households. Medication and supplemental dietary information is provided. The Follow-u...

  20. The Danish anal sphincter rupture questionnaire: Validity and reliability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Due, Ulla; Ottesen, Marianne

    2008-01-01

    Objective. To revise, validate and test for reliability an anal sphincter rupture questionnaire in relation to construct, content and face validity. Setting and background. Since 1996 women with anal sphincter rupture (ASR) at one of the public university hospitals in Copenhagen, Denmark have been offered pelvic floor muscle examination and instruction by a specialist physiotherapist. In relation to that, a non-validated questionnaire about anal and urinary incontinence was to be answered six months after childbirth. Method. The original questionnaire was revised and a pilot test was performed among health care personnel, followed by an expert panel discussion. Ten women were interviewed about their understanding and attitude toward answering the questionnaire and it was pre-tested on 52 women with ASR. The questionnaire was revised five times during the validation process. The final version was test-retested among 20 women with ASR. Results. The questionnaire revealed typical problems after ASR. The length, use of language, and the way the questionnaire was constructed, was deemed appropriate. The reliability test showed good to very good correlation (Kappa values from 0.733 to 0.923) in all main questions but one. Two questions needed further explanation. Seven women made minor errors. Conclusion. The validated Danish questionnaire has a good construct, content and face validity. It is a well accepted, reliable, simple and clinically relevant screening tool. It reveals physical problems including sexual problems, impact on quality of life and need for treatment among women 6-8 months after ASR.

  1. Development and Validation of an Attributional Style Questionnaire for Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Naranjo, Carmen; Cano, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    We describe the development and psychometric characteristics of a new version of the Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ; Seligman, Abramson, Semmell, & Von Baeyer, 1979)--a version called the Attributional Style Questionnaire for Adolescents (ASQ-A)--using 3 samples (Ns = 547, 438, and 240) of Spanish secondary school students. In Study 1, the…

  2. NHEXAS PHASE I REGION 5 STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    Science.gov (United States)

    This data set includes responses for 326 baseline questionnaires. The Baseline Questionnaire was used to provide more detailed information on the characteristics of the sample individual and housing, and on the usual frequency of activities over a longer time frame (i.e., last mo...

  3. The Czech version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolezalová, P; Ruperto, N; N?mcová, D; Blichová, M; Hoza, J

    2001-01-01

    We report herein the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation into the Czech language of the parent's version of two health related quality of life instruments. The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) is a disease specific health instrument that measures functional ability in daily living activities in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) is a generic health instrument designed to capture the physical and psychosocial well-being of children independently from the underlying disease. The Czech CHAQ-CHQ were fully validated with 3 forward and 3 backward translations. A total of 150 subjects were enrolled: 81 patients with JIA (14% systemic onset, 44% polyarticular onset, 10% extended oligoarticular subtype, and 32% persistent oligoarticular subtype) and 69 healthy children. The CHAQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic, polyarticular and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a higher degree of disability, pain, and a lower overall well-being when compared to their healthy peers. Also the CHQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic onset, polyarticular onset and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a lower physical and psychosocial well-being when compared to their healthy peers. In conclusion the Czech version of the CHAQ-CHQ is a reliable, and valid tool for the functional, physical and psychosocial assessment of children with JIA. PMID:11510330

  4. Questionnaire: involved actors in large disused components management - Summary Of Responses To The Questionnaire

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the Questionnaire is to establish an overview of the various bodies [Actors] that have responsibilities or input to the issue of large component decommissioning. In answering the intent is to cover the overall organisation and those bits that have most relevance to large components. The answers should reflect the areas from site operations to decommissioning as well as the wider issue of disposal at another location. The Questionnaire covers the following points: 1 - What is the country (institutional) structure for decommissioning? 2 - who does what and where lie the responsibilities? 3 - Which bodies have responsibility for onsite safety regulation, discharges and disposal? 4 - Which body(s) owns the facilities? 5 - Describe the responsibilities for funding of the decommissioning plan and disposal plan. Are they one and the same body? Whilst there are differences between countries there are some common threads. Regulation is through the state though the number of regulators involved may vary. In summary, the IAEA principles concerning independence of the regulatory body are followed. Funding arrangements vary but there are plans. Similarly, ownership of facilities is a mix of state and private. Some systems require a separate decommissioning license with Spain having the clearest demarcation of responsibilities for the decommissioning phase and waste management responsibilities

  5. Exercise in completing design information questionnaire for model research reactor: model description, notes, questionnaire

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document which defines the inspection measures which the IAEA can deploy at any given nuclear facility is known as the Facility Attachment. For the Agency to negotiate an effective Facility Attachment it must have available certain design information, including the facility's identity, capacity and location; the form, location and flow of nuclear material and the layout of important items of equipment; and a description of the features and procedures relating to nuclear material accountancy, containment and surveillance. In practice such information is solicited in a format, standardized for each facility type, known as the Design Information Questionnaire or the D.I.Q. The nuclear activities used as a model in this course are those of a fictitious country called Pacifica. These nuclear activities bear some resemblance to those at the Australian Atomic Energy Commission's Research Establishment at Lucas Heights. Specifically, Pacifica has a 10 MW heavy water cooled and moderated research reactor using enriched uranium fuel which is very similar to the HIFAR reactor. The reactor and the associated laboratories are described and the Design Information Questionnaire for them is completed. figs., tabs

  6. [Questionnaire on parental attitudes and rearing practices (FEPS)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter-Appelt, Hertha; Schimmelmann, Benno Graf; Tiefensee, Jutta

    2004-01-01

    A positive parent-child relationship is one of the most important determinants of a healthy cognitive, emotional and social development. The relationship from parent to child is determined by parenting styles. Parenting styles are characterised by the two dimensions parental attitudes and rearing practices. The development and the psychometric properties of a questionnaire on parental attitudes and rearing practices (FEPS), which contains an extended version of the Parental Bonding Instrument by Parker et al. (PBI, 1979) and two scales on parental reinforcement and punishment behaviour, is presented. In a sample of 457 women and 159 men factorial and item analysis revealed four scales (care, autonomy, low punishment and low material reinforcement). The care dimension contained items of immaterial reinforcement on the positive pole and items of coldness and ignorance as means of punishment on the negative pole. Based on findings from its first application in a clinical study it can be assumed that the FEPS differentiates between clinical and non-clinical populations. Additionally, varying patterns of the four scales may emerge as risk factors for the development of certain psychiatric/psychological problems. PMID:14722836

  7. Kandinsky's questionnaire revisited: fundamental correspondence of basic colors and forms?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobsen, Thomas

    2002-12-01

    Kandinsky postulated a fundamental correspondence between color and form. Using a variant of his historical questionnaire, 200 (92 men, 108 women) nonartist university students were divided into two groups and asked to assign the colors yellow, red, and blue to the triangle, square, and circle in a one-to-one fashion. One group worked under a mere color-form correspondence instruction, the other under an aesthetic-correspondence one, i.e., this latter group was asked to make the most beautiful color-form assignment. Participants' assignments showed a clear, stable group preference. About half of the students assigned red to the triangle, blue to the square, and yellow to the circle, respectively. This preferred assignment stood regardless of variation in instruction. Frequently, world knowledge associations were stated in the rationale for an assignment choice. The red triangle resembled a traffic sign, a warning triangle, and the yellow circle resembled the sun. Kandinsky's assignment, however, was the least preferred one. It is argued that color-form assignments as well as the motivation to produce them are due to a multitude of factors. World knowledge, education, historical change, societal, group-specific, and individual leitmotifs are all influences. PMID:12509195

  8. The Perceived Leadership Communication Questionnaire (PLCQ): Development and Validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Frank M; Maier, Michaela; Lovrekovic, Sara; Retzbach, Andrea

    2015-02-17

    ABSTRACT The Perceived Leadership Communication Questionnaire (PLCQ) is a short, reliable, and valid instrument for measuring leadership communication from both perspectives of the leader and the follower. Drawing on a communication-based approach to leadership and following a theoretical framework of interpersonal communication processes in organizations, this article describes the development and validation of a one-dimensional 6-item scale in four studies (total N = 604). Results from Study 1 and 2 provide evidence for the internal consistency and factorial validity of the PLCQ's self-rating version (PLCQ-SR)-a version for measuring how leaders perceive their own communication with their followers. Results from Study 3 and 4 show internal consistency, construct validity, and criterion validity of the PLCQ's other-rating version (PLCQ-OR)-a version for measuring how followers perceive the communication of their leaders. Cronbach's ? had an average of.80 over the four studies. All confirmatory factor analyses yielded good to excellent model fit indices. Convergent validity was established by average positive correlations of.69 with subdimensions of transformational leadership and leader-member exchange scales. Furthermore, nonsignificant correlations with socially desirable responding indicated discriminant validity. Last, criterion validity was supported by a moderately positive correlation with job satisfaction (r =.31). PMID:25511204

  9. Assessment of Survivor Concerns (ASC: A newly proposed brief questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pagano Ian S

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to design a brief questionnaire to measure fears about recurrence and health in cancer survivors. Research involving fear of recurrence has been increasing, indicating that it is an important concern among cancer survivors. Methods We developed and tested a six-item instrument, the Assessment of Survivor Concerns (ASC. Construct validity was examined in a multiple group confirmatory factor analysis (CFA with 592 short-term and 161 long-term cancer survivors. Convergent and discriminant validity was examined through comparisons with the PANAS (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule and the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression measures. Results CFA models for the ASC with short- and long-term survivors showed good fit, with equivalent structure across both groups of cancer survivors. Convergent and discriminant validity was also supported through analyses of the PANAS and CES-D. One item (children's health worry did not perform as well as the others, so the models were re-run with the item excluded, and the overall fit was improved. Conclusion The ASC showed excellent internal consistency and validity. We recommend the revised five-item instrument as an appropriate measure for assessment of cancer survivor worries.

  10. A Complementary Alternative Medicine Questionnaire for Young Adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Patterson

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Limited information exists on how adolescents decide to use complementary/alternative medicine (CAM. There are also no instruments specific to CAM, for the young adult population, which makes it difficult to explore knowledge in this area. The purpose of this study was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the CAM Questionnaire for Young Adults which measures young adults’ attitudes about CAM. Participants for this cross-sectional survey were selected from enrolled undergraduate students at an urban university. Factor analysis identified three subscales: 1 positive beliefs about CAM; 2 environmental influence; and 3 psychological comfort. The scale has good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.79 and shows beginning demonstration of validity. Its use in this sample revealed that young adults who are female and have used CAM in the past for preventing or treating illness have the most positive attitude towards CAM and the greatest likelihood for continued use. The implication that prevention may play a role in young adults’ attitudes about CAM is a potential focus for future research.

  11. The development and initial validation of the cognitive fusion questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillanders, David T; Bolderston, Helen; Bond, Frank W; Dempster, Maria; Flaxman, Paul E; Campbell, Lindsey; Kerr, Sian; Tansey, Louise; Noel, Penelope; Ferenbach, Clive; Masley, Samantha; Roach, Louise; Lloyd, Joda; May, Lauraine; Clarke, Susan; Remington, Bob

    2014-01-01

    Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) emphasizes the relationship a person has with their thoughts and beliefs as potentially more relevant than belief content in predicting the emotional and behavioral consequences of cognition. In ACT, "defusion" interventions aim to "unhook" thoughts from actions and to create psychological distance between a person and their thoughts, beliefs, memories, and self-stories. A number of similar concepts have been described in the psychology literature (e.g., decentering, metacognition, mentalization, and mindfulness) suggesting converging evidence that how we relate to mental events may be of critical importance. While there are some good measures of these related processes, none of them provides an adequate operationalization of cognitive fusion. Despite the centrality of cognitive fusion in the ACT model, there is as yet no agreed-upon measure of cognitive fusion. This paper presents the construction and development of a brief, self-report measure of cognitive fusion: The Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ). The results of a series of studies involving over 1,800 people across diverse samples show good preliminary evidence of the CFQ's factor structure, reliability, temporal stability, validity, discriminant validity, and sensitivity to treatment effects. The potential uses of the CFQ in research and clinical practice are outlined. PMID:24411117

  12. Psychometric Properties of a Valuations Scale for the Marijuana Effect Expectancies Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Buckner, Julia D.; Ecker, Anthony H.; Welch, Katherine D.

    2012-01-01

    Given that marijuana remains the most commonly used illicit substance, identification of the role of potentially malleable cognitive factors in marijuana-related behaviors remains an important goal. The Marijuana Effect Expectancies Questionnaire (MEEQ; Schafer & Brown, 1991) assesses marijuana effect expectancies that are differentially related to marijuana use and use-related problems. Evaluation of the desirability of marijuana effect expectancies may provide additional information regardi...

  13. The structure of Cloninger's Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire in a British sample

    OpenAIRE

    Stewart, Me; Ebmeier, Kp; Deary, Ij

    2004-01-01

    This study adds to the very few published reports of the structure of the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) at both the item and subscale levels. The TPQ was completed by 897 students from Universities within Edinburgh. Exploratory factor analysis was run on the items and the 12 subscales as described by Cloninger, Przybeck, and Svrakic (1991). Harm Avoidance showed high internal consistency both for the whole scale and the subscales; however, this was not the case for Reward Dep...

  14. Validity and Reliability of the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire-Adolescent, Brief

    OpenAIRE

    Stein, L. A. R.; Katz, Brian; Colby, Suzanne M.; Barnett, Nancy P.; Golembeske, C.; Lebeau-craven, R.; Monti, P. M.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate a brief version of the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire-Adolescent (AEQ-A; Brown, Christiansen, & Goldman, 1987). The original AEQ-A was reduced to seven items (called the AEQ-AB). Principal Components Analysis (PCA) was performed and two factors emerged (General Positive Effects and Potential Negative Effects) accounting for 46% of the variance. Internal consistencies are comparable to those of the original AEQ-A (0.50). Scales correlate with criteri...

  15. Reliability and validity of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in Greek adolescents and their parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Giannakopoulos

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ is a brief screening measure of emotional and behavioural difficulties in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to assess reliability and validity of the Greek version of the SDQ. A representative Greek sample of 1194 adolescents (aged 11 to 17 years and their parents completed the SDQ along with other measures. Internal consistency reliability was determined by calculation of the Cronbach ? coefficient. Varimax Orthogonal Transformation was conducted to test the factor structure of the questionnaire. Validity was further examined by investigating the correlation of the SDQ with the KIDSCREEN questionnaire and its association with demographic factors. The inter-rater agreement between parent and self-reports was analyzed with Pearson’s correlation coefficient. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs were computed to determine test-retest stability. For both parent and the self-report SDQ versions, most items loaded onto their predicted factors in consistency with the originally proposed five-factor structure. Internal consistency reliability was acceptable with a Cronbach ? above 0.70 for all SDQ scales except for conduct and peer problems. Inter-rater correlations ranged from 0.33 to 0.45. Test-retest stability was good (ICCs > 0.60. Correlation coefficients between the SDQ and KIDSCREEN questionnaire were significant. Small effect sizes (d > 0.5 of the socioeconomic status were found for all of the SDQ scale mean scores. In conclusion, the SDQ was found to have satisfying psychometric properties and could be suitable for assessing emotional and behavioural problems in Greek adolescents.

  16. Psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of Pfeffer’s Functional Activities Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana de Oliveira Assis

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pfeffer’s Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ is one of the most commonly employed tools in studies on pathological cognitive ageing. Despite the different versions of the questionnaire translated for use in clinical practice, few studies have analyzed the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the FAQ (P-FAQ. Thus, the aim of the present study was to analyze the P-FAQ with regard to internal consistency, factorial structure and associations with demographic factors (age, sex and schooling, depressive symptoms, cognitive measures and other measures of functionality. One hundred sixty-one older adults were divided into four groups (91 with dementia, 46 with mild cognitive impairment, 11 with psychiatric disorders and 13 healthy controls. All participants were evaluated by cognitive, behavioral and functional tests and scales. Their caregivers answered the P-FAQ. The questionnaire showed high internal consistency (? = 0.91. Factor analysis revealed a two-factor structure, which, accounted for 66% of the total variance. The P-FAQ was not correlated with demographic factors, was weakly correlated with depressive symptoms (? = 0.271, p < 0.01, R² = 7% and strongly correlated with cognitive measures (Matttis Dementia Rating Scale total score: ? = -0.574, p < 0.01, R² = 33% as well as complex instrumental activities of daily living (? = -0.845, p < 0.01, R² = 71%. Cognitive performance and depression status were independent predictors of P-FAQ scores in regression models. The present findings indicate that the P-FAQ has satisfactory reliability, internal consistency, construct validity and ecological validity. Therefore, this questionnaire can be used in clinical practice and research involving the Brazilian population of older adults.

  17. Assessing quality of life of women with urinary incontinence using the Kings Health questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    João Bosco Ramos Borges; Larissa Neri; Rosa Maria Silveira Sigrist; Larissa Oliveira Martins; Telma Guarisi; Ana Carolina Marchesini

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the quality of life of women with urinary incontinence, as well as its association with other demographic and socioeconomic factors that may influence their perception of quality of life. Methods: A total of 50 patients were submitted to the Kings Health questionnaire and to other independent scales to evaluate severity of urinary incontinence, as well as presence and intensity of urinary symptoms. Rresults: One third of women considered their health status bad or very ...

  18. Psychometric Development of the Individualized Retinopathy-Dependent Quality of Life Questionnaire (RetDQoL)

    OpenAIRE

    Brose, Leonie; Bradley, Clare

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: Psychometric development of the Retinopathy-Dependent Quality of Life (RetDQoL) questionnaire in a cross-sectional study of 207 German patients with diabetic retinopathy. Forty patients (19%) also had clinically significant macular edema. Methods: Principal component analyses identified factor structure, and Cronbach's alpha assessed internal consistencies. Construct validity was examined by testing the additional impact of macular edema and expected relationships of RetDQoL scor...

  19. Adaptation, Validity and Reliability of the Body Sensations Questionnaire Turkish Version

    OpenAIRE

    Kart, Aysegu?l; Hakan Tu?rkc?apar, M.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ). Method: BSQ was administered to 122 patients with panic disorder. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Socio-demographic Data Form and BSQ Turkish version were administered to participants. Construct validity was assesed by factor analysis after Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) and Bartlett tests applied. Principal compon...

  20. The Psychometric Properties of a Jordanian Version of Overexcitability Questionnaire-Two, OEQII

    OpenAIRE

    Sabah Hasan Al-Onizat

    2013-01-01

    This study deals with the psychometric properties and derivation of norms for an Arabic version of the Overexcitability Questionnaire-Two, OEQII. The standardization sample consisted of 289 students (159 males, 130 females) ranging from 15-17 years in age. Factor analysis and one-way ANOVA reveals a good construct, factorial, and discriminatory validity. The Cronbach-a formula was used to estimate internal consistency coefficients. All the results indicate acceptable reliability for the OEQI...

  1. Validity and reliability of short form-12 questionnaire in Iranian hemodialysis patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pakpour, Amir H.; Nourozi, Saeedeh

    2011-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of the SF-12 questionnaire in a sample of Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-four hemodialysis patients were included from dialysis centers in Zanjan, Iran, and were asked to complete the SF-12 and SF-36 questionnaires. An initial test-retest reliability evaluation was performed on a sample of 70 patients from the total group, with a retest interval of 14 days. Reliability was estimated by internal consistency and validity was assessed using known-group comparisons and construct validity on the patient group as a whole. A linear regression analysis was used to assess any variation in the physical component summary and mental component summary scores of the SF-36 with the respective component summary scores of the SF-12. In addition, the factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by performing a confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: Cronbach alpha for physicaland mental component summaries were 0.89 and 0.90, respectively. The SF-12 showed a good discriminatory ability between subgroups of patients based on demographic and clinical variables. The confirmatory factor analysis for the original two-factor structure showed a good fit index (chi2 = 23.30, degrees of freedom = 13), goodness-of-fit index = 0.96, and root mean squared error of approximation = 0.079). CONCLUSIONS: In general, the SF-12 has good psychometric properties and can be used as a shorter version of the SF-36 questionnaire in future studies involving Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis.

  2. Measuring cognitive vulnerability to depression: Development and validation of the cognitive style questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Haeffel, Gerald J.; Gibb, Brandon E.; Metalsky, Gerald I.; Alloy, Lauren B.; Abramson, Lyn Y.; Hankin, Benjamin L.; Joiner, Thomas E.; Swendsen, Joel D.

    2007-01-01

    The Cognitive Style Questionnaire (CSQ) measures the cognitive vulnerability factor featured in the hopelessness theory of depression. The CSQ has been used in over 30 published studies since its inception, yet detailed information about the psychometric and validity properties of this instrument has yet to be published. In this article, we describe the development of the CSQ and review reliability and validity evidence. Findings to date using college samples, indicate that the CSQ is a relia...

  3. Validation of the Greek Translation of the Nursing Dimensions Inventory questionnaire (NDI-35

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evagelia Kotrotsiou

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Context: The concept of care is a fundamental issue in nursing science. Therefore the development and the use of tools for assessing care is an imperative for the nursing profession. The NDI-35 questionnaire is one such tool for assessing the nursing care. Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to adapt and use the NDI-35 questionnaire in Greek nursing practice. A translation and validation of NDI-35 questionnaire is performed. Methods: Exploratory factor analyses, as well as internal consistency and test–retest analyses, were conducted. Forward translations from English were produced by three independent Greek translators and then back translations by five independent bilingual translators. The Greek NDI-35 questionnaire that was produced was administered to 200 nurses (144 women and 56 men from tertiary and secondary health care facilities. Data were analyzed using principal component analysis and Cronbach’s alpha. Results: One hundred and eighty four nurses that answered the NDI-35 questionnaire were graduates from the Technological Educational Institute (T.E.I. and 64% of the respondents had more than 15 years of professional experience. Two subscales arbitrarily called “clinical work” and “patient needs” emerged, with the mean “clinical work” subscale score being at 70.16 ±12.90 (a maximum of 85 and mean “patient needs” subscale at 21.49± 6.16. Considerable differences in scoring among different items were observed when the NDI-35 answers were compared to their Greek counterparts’. Results confirmed that: (a the translated versions are an accurate translation of the original, (b factor analyses established similar factor solutions as that of the English versions, (c reliability coefficients are satisfactory (i.e., Cronbach's ? coefficients and test–retests, and (d construct validity revealed similarities between English and Greek versions, replications consistent with past research, as well as differences explained through theoretical frameworks. Therefore, both scales were accepted as valid and reliable measures in Greek-speaking populations. Conclusion: Alphas and test-retest correlation suggest the Greek translated and validated NDI-35 questionnaire is a reliable tool for assessing nursing care. Factor analysis and focus group input suggest it is a valid tool. Nurses in different settings may perceive nursing care differently. The findings of the current paper are discussed in the context of nurse education and assessment of care. Normal 0 false false false EL X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

  4. Translation and validation of the Greek chronic liver disease questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoi Kollia, Evridiki Patelarou, Victoria Vivilaki, Eleni Kollia, Florentia Kefou, Ioannis Elefsiniotis, Spyros P Dourakis, Hero Brokalaki

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To translate into Greek and validate the chronic liver disease questionnaire (CLDQ.METHODS: Two hundred and six consecutive adult patients with the diagnosis of a chronic liver disease from 2 general hospitals in Athens were enrolled in the study from May to September 2008. In order to assess their quality of life (QOL the CLDQ was applied. The instrument was translated from English, back translated and reviewed in focus groups within the framework of a large multicenter study. The measurements that were performed included: 2 independent sample t tests, one-way analysis of variance, reliability coefficients, explanatory factor analysis using a varimax rotation and the principal components method.RESULTS: One hundred and twenty five (61% patients were men, half were aged 40-59 years and > 33% were > 60 years old. Among the patients, 48 (23% were hospitalized and 97 (47% were cirrhotic according to the Child-Pugh score. The internal consistency of the Greek CLDQ version using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was found to be 0.93. Exploratory factor analysis identified 7 domains accounting for 65% of the variance of CLDQ items and only partially overlapping with those found in the original version. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve was calculated at 0.813 and the logistic estimate for the threshold score of 167.50 provided a sensitivity of 74.3% and a specificity of 71.6% for the model.CONCLUSION: Our data confirmed the validity of the Greek version of the CLDQ in identifying the QOL among patients with chronic liver disease.

  5. Analysis of Operators Comments on the PSF Questionnaire of the Task Complexity Experiment 2003/2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) methods usually take into account the effect of Performance Shaping Factors (PSF). Therefore, the adequate treatment of PSFs in HRA of Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) models has a crucial importance. There is an important need for collecting PSF data based on simulator experiments. During the task complexity experiment 2003-2004, carried out in the BWR simulator of Halden Man-Machine Laboratory (HAMMLAB), there was a data collection on PSF by means of a PSF Questionnaire. Seven crews (composed of shift supervisor, reactor operator and turbine operator) from Swedish Nuclear Power Plants participated in the experiment. The PSF Questionnaire collected data on the factors: procedures, training and experience, indications, controls, team management, team communication, individual work practice, available time for the tasks, number of tasks or information load, masking and seriousness. The main statistical significant results are presented on Performance Shaping Factors data collection and analysis of the task complexity experiment 2003/2004 (HWR-810). The analysis of the comments about PSFs, which were provided by operators on the PSF Questionnaire, is described. It has been summarised the comments provided for each PSF on the scenarios, using a content analysis technique. (Author)

  6. Analysis of Operators Comments on the PSF Questionnaire of the Task Complexity Experiment 2003/2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torralba, B.; Martinez-Arias, R.

    2007-07-01

    Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) methods usually take into account the effect of Performance Shaping Factors (PSF). Therefore, the adequate treatment of PSFs in HRA of Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) models has a crucial importance. There is an important need for collecting PSF data based on simulator experiments. During the task complexity experiment 2003-2004, carried out in the BWR simulator of Halden Man-Machine Laboratory (HAMMLAB), there was a data collection on PSF by means of a PSF Questionnaire. Seven crews (composed of shift supervisor, reactor operator and turbine operator) from Swedish Nuclear Power Plants participated in the experiment. The PSF Questionnaire collected data on the factors: procedures, training and experience, indications, controls, team management, team communication, individual work practice, available time for the tasks, number of tasks or information load, masking and seriousness. The main statistical significant results are presented on Performance Shaping Factors data collection and analysis of the task complexity experiment 2003/2004 (HWR-810). The analysis of the comments about PSFs, which were provided by operators on the PSF Questionnaire, is described. It has been summarised the comments provided for each PSF on the scenarios, using a content analysis technique. (Author)

  7. School Motivation Questionnaire for the Portuguese population: structure and psychometric studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordeiro, Pedro Miguel Gomes; Figueira, Ana Paula Couceiro; da Silva, José Tomás; Matos, Lennia

    2012-11-01

    It is presented the structure and psychometric studies of the "School Motivation Questionnaire". The SMQ is a self-report questionnaire with 101 items, organized in sixteen scales that measure the students' goal orientations, the perceived classroom goal structures, the perceived teacher's autonomy support and the use of learning strategies. Twelve scales are adapted from the "Learning Climate Questionnaire", "Perceptions of Instrumentality" and "Cuestionário a Estudiantes". Four scales and five additional items are created new. The psychometric studies rely on a convenience sample consisting of 9th and 12th grade students (N = 485) of Portuguese schools. The factorial and construct validity, verified through several exploratory factorial analyses to the data, presents a final solution of six factors, labelled Strategies (F1), Teacher Extrinsic Goals (F2), Student Extrinsic Goals, Externally Regulated (F3) Teacher Intrinsic Goals (F4), Student Extrinsic Goals, Internally Regulated (F5), and Student Intrinsic Goals (F6). The six-factor solution explains a significant variance of the scale results (53.95%). Good coefficients of internal consistency are obtained for all factors, never below (.858; F6). In sum there is strong evidence to support the multi-dimensionality of SMQ, upholding that the data obtained is exploratory and applies for future validation studies. PMID:23156946

  8. The Oxford Participation and Activities Questionnaire: study protocol

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    Morley D

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available David Morley, Sarah Dummett, Laura Kelly, Jill Dawson, Ray Fitzpatrick, Crispin JenkinsonNuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UKBackground: With an ageing population and increasing demands on health and social care services, there is growing importance attached to the management of long-term conditions, including maximizing the cost-effectiveness of treatments. In line with this, there is increasing emphasis on the need to keep people both active and participating in daily life. Consequently, it is essential that well developed and validated instruments that can meaningfully assess levels of participation and activity are widely available. Current measures, however, are largely focused on disability and rehabilitation, and there is no measure of activity or participation for generic use that fully meets the standards set by regulatory bodies such as the US Food and Drug Administration. Here we detail a protocol for the development and validation of a new patient-reported outcome measure (PROM for assessment of participation and activity in people experiencing a variety of health conditions, ie, the Oxford Participation and Activities Questionnaire (Ox-PAQ. The stages incorporated in its development are entirely in line with current regulations and represent best practice in the development of PROMs.Methods: Development of the Ox-PAQ is theoretically grounded in the World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. The project incorporates a new strategy of engaging with stakeholders from the outset in an attempt to identify those characteristics of PROMs considered most important to a range of potential users. Items will be generated through interviews with patients from a range of conditions. Pretesting of the instrument will be via cognitive interviews and focus groups. A postal survey will be conducted, with data subject to factor and Rasch analysis in order to identify appropriate dimensions and redundant items. Reliability will be assessed by Cronbach’s alpha and item-total correlations. A second, large-scale postal survey will follow, with the Ox-PAQ being administered in conjunction with generic measures of health status to further test the validity of the measure. The Ox-PAQ will again be administered at 2 weeks to assess test-retest reliability and at 3 months to assess responsiveness.Conclusion: The development of the Ox-PAQ is a timely one. With increasing emphasis being placed on the importance of keeping people active and participating in daily life, the instrument has the potential for significant uptake. Its primary use is intended to be in clinical trials and for evaluation of interventions targeted at maintaining activity and participation.Keywords: activity, participation, patient-reported outcome measure, questionnaire

  9. Test-Retest Reliability of the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire-Revised and the Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire-Revised

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mowder, Barbara A.; Shamah, Renee

    2011-01-01

    This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of two parenting measures: the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire-Revised (PBIQ-R) and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire-Revised (PBFQ-R). These self-report parenting behavior assessment measures may be utilized as pre- and post-parent education program measures, with parents as well as…

  10. Measuring Psychosocial Distress and Parenting Concerns among Adults with Cancer: The Parenting Concerns Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muriel, Anna C.; Moore, Cynthia W.; Baer, Lee; Park, Elyse R.; Kornblith, Alice B.; Pirl, William; Prigerson, Holly; Ing, Jennifer; Rauch, Paula K.

    2012-01-01

    PURPOSE We conducted a two phase, mixed methods study to develop a Parenting Concerns Questionnaire (PCQ) for adults with cancer. Limited information about this area of psychosocial distress highlights the need for a measurement tool that can identify adult oncology patients with heightened parenting concerns who could benefit from additional intervention. PATIENTS AND METHODS Telephone focus groups were conducted with 16 oncology patients who had children 18 years old and younger. Group interview transcripts were analyzed to generate qualitative themes and candidate items for the PCQ. A 38-item version of the questionnaire was completed by 173 oncology outpatients with children 18 years old and under. Participants also completed the Distress Thermometer, HADS, and FACT-G. Exploratory factor analyses revealed the emergence of 3 subscales of 5 items each, yielding a 15 item questionnaire. Associations between total PCQ scores, standardized measures of distress, depression, anxiety, quality of life, and demographic and illness characteristics were examined. RESULTS The 15 item PCQ demonstrates good internal consistency (Cronbach’s ? = .83). PCQ scores were significantly associated (p<.01) with standardized measures of psychosocial distress (Distress Thermometer, HADS, and FACT-G) in the expected directions. Higher PCQ scores were associated with female gender, single parenthood, metastatic or recurrent cancer, subjective understanding of incurable disease, co-morbid chronic health condition, and current mental health treatment. CONCLUSIONS The Parenting Concerns Questionnaire proved a reliable and valid measure of parenting distress among cancer patients meriting further study. PMID:22517236

  11. Validation of the Danish version of the Patient Assessment of Care for Chronic Conditions questionnaire (PACIC)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sokolowski, Ineta; Maindal, Helle Terkildsen

    Objective: To evaluate the level of chronic care patients must be involved. The Danish version of the 20-item Patient Assessment of Care for Chronic Conditions PACIC questionnaire consisting of 5 scales and an overall summary score measuring patient reported assessment of structured chronic care has not been evaluated with regard to psychometric properties. This study aims to assess data quality and internal consistency and to validate the proposed factorial structure. Materials and methods: Setting: Diabetes population receiving chronic care in Denmark. Subjects: A total of 624 patients aged 18 or more with type1 or type2 diabetes sampled in a national register of people with diabetes. They were sent a Danish version of the PACIC. Main outcome measures: Data quality (mean, median, item response, missing, floor and ceiling effects), internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha and average interitem correlation), item-rest correlations. Model fit from confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Results: We present the psychometric properties of the questionnaire and the first results evaluating chronic care in Danish people with diabetes. Conclusions: The complexity of validation is greater when the same questionnaire is constructed and applied to different countries with diverse cultural backgrounds and health care systems. It is decisive, that translated questionnaires are validated in country they are used.

  12. Analysis of consumers' preferences and behavior with regard to horse meat using a structured survey questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Woon Yong; Lee, Ji Woong; Lee, Chong Eon; Ko, Moon Seok; Jeong, Jae Hong

    2009-12-01

    In this study, a structured survey questionnaire was used to determine consumers' preferences and behavior with regard to horse meat at a horse meat restaurant located in Jeju, Korea, from October 1 to December 24, 2005. The questionnaire employed in this study consisted of 20 questions designed to characterize six general attributes: horse meat sensory property, physical appearance, health condition, origin, price, and other attributes. Of the 1370 questionnaires distributed, 1126 completed questionnaires were retained based on the completeness of the answers, representing an 82.2% response rate. Two issues were investigated that might facilitate the search for ways to improve horse meat production and marketing programs in Korea. The first step was to determine certain important factors, called principal components, which enabled the researchers to understand the needs of horse meat consumers via principal component analysis. The second step was to define consumer segments with regard to their preferences for horse meat, which was accomplished via cluster analysis. The results of the current study showed that health condition, price, origin, and leanness were the most critical physical attributes affecting the preferences of horse meat consumers. Four segments of consumers, with different demands for horse meat attributes, were identified: origin-sensitive consumers, price-sensitive consumers, quality and safety-sensitive consumers, and non-specific consumers. Significant differences existed among segments of consumers in terms of age, nature of work, frequency of consumption, and general level of acceptability of horse meat. PMID:20163664

  13. A tool for assessing continuity of care across care levels: an extended psychometric validation of the CCAENA questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Beatriz Aller

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: The CCAENA questionnaire was developed to assess care continuity across levels from the patients’ perspective. The aim is to provide additional evidence on the psychometric properties of the scales of this questionnaire. Methods: Cross-sectional study by means of a survey of a random sample of 1500 patients attended in primary and secondary care in three healthcare areas of the Catalan healthcare system. Data were collected in 2010 using the CCAENA questionnaire. To assess psychometric properties, an exploratory factor analysis was performed (construct validity and the item-rest correlations and Cronbach’s alpha were calculated (internal consistency. Spearman correlation coefficients were calculated (multidimensionality and the ability to discriminate between groups was tested. Results: The factor analysis resulted in 21 items grouped into three factors: patient-primary care provider relationship, patient-secondary care provider relationship and continuity across care levels. Cronbach’s alpha indicated good internal consistency (0.97, 0.93, 0.80 and the correlation coefficients indicated that dimensions can be interpreted as separated scales. Scales discriminated patients according to healthcare area, age and educational level. Conclusion: The CCAENA questionnaire has proved to be a valid and reliable tool for measuring patients’ perceptions of continuity. Providers and researchers could apply the questionnaire to identify areas for healthcare improvement. 

  14. Development of a measure of the motives underlying the selection of food: the food choice questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steptoe, A; Pollard, T M; Wardle, J

    1995-12-01

    A number of factors are thought to influence people's dietary choices, including health, cost, convenience and taste, but there are no measures that address health-related and non-health-related factors in a systematic fashion. This paper describes the development of a multidimensional measure of motives related to food choice. The Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) was developed through factor analysis of responses from a sample of 358 adults ranging in age from 18 to 87 years. Nine factors emerged, and were labelled health, mood, convenience, sensory appeal, natural content, price, weight control, familiarity and ethical concern. The questionnaire structure was verified using confirmatory factor analysis in a second sample (n = 358), and test-retest reliability over a 2- to 3-week period was satisfactory. Convergent validity was investigated by testing associations between FCQ scales and measures of dietary restraint, eating style, the value of health, health locus of control and personality factors. Differences in motives for food choice associated with sex, age and income were found. The potential uses of this measure in health psychology and other areas are discussed. PMID:8746966

  15. A Psychometric Evaluation of the Dutch Version of the Responses to Positive Affect Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filip Raes

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In 698 respondents selected from the community, the authors examined the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Responses to Positive Affect questionnaire (RPA; Feldman, Joormann, Johnson, 2008 which measures ruminative and dampening thoughts in response to positive affect. In a first sample (= 170, exploratory factor analyses largely replicated the 3-factor model obtained by Feldman et al. (2008 with the following factors: Dampening, Self-focused positive rumination, and Emotion-focused positive rumination. The 3-factor model revealed in the first sample was confirmed using confirmatory factor analyses in a second independent sample of 528 respondents. All subscales showed adequate internal consistency and evidence of convergent and incremental validity with concurrent measures of depressive rumination, depressive symptoms, trait hypomania, and positive and negative affect. Results underscore the value of assessing responses to positive as well as negative affect in the study of mood disorders.

  16. Participation Motivation Questionnaire: tradução e validação para uso em atletas-jovens brasileiros / Participation motivation questionnaire: translation and validation for use in Brazilian young athletes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dartagnan Pinto, Guedes; José Evaristo, Silvério Netto.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos do estudo foram traduzir para o idioma português, realizar a adaptação transcultural e identificar as propriedades psicométricas para atletas-jovens brasileiros do Participation Motivation Questionnaire (PMQ). A versão original foi traduzida de acordo com recomendações internacionais. U [...] m comitê de juízes foi formado para analisar as versões traduzidas do questionário. O comitê utilizou como critério de análise as equivalências semântica, idiomática, cultural e conceitual. A versão final do questionário traduzido foi administrada em uma amostra de 1517 atletas-jovens (714 moças e 803 rapazes) com idades entre 12 e 18 anos. Para identificar as propriedades psicométricas foi realizada análise fatorial confirmatória com rotação varimax e, na seqüência, para análise da consistência interna de cada fator associado à motivação para a prática de esporte, foi empregado coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. Após discretas modificações apontadas no processo de tradução, o comitê de juízes considerou que a versão para o idioma português do PMQ apresentou equivalências semântica, idiomática, cultural e conceitual. A análise fatorial confirmou a estrutura de oito fatores originalmente proposta, explicando 67% da variância total com satisfatórios valores de consistência interna. O alfa de Cronbach apresentou coeficientes entre 0,543 e 0,827. Concluindo, a tradução, a adaptação transcultural e as qualidades psicométricas do PMQ foram satisfatórias, o que viabiliza sua aplicação em futuros estudos no Brasil. Abstract in english The objectives of this study were to translate for the Portuguese language, describe the cross-cultural adaptation and identify the psychometric properties to the Brazilian young athletes of the Participation Motivation Questionnaire (PMQ). The original questionnaire was translated following interna [...] tional recommendations. Translated versions of the questionnaire were analyzes by a committee of experts. The committee used semantic, idiomatic, cultural and conceptual equivalences as criteria of analysis. The final version of the translated questionnaire was administered in a sample of 1517 young athletes (714 girls and 803 boys) aged 12 to 18 years-old. To identify the psychometric properties confirmatory factorial analysis with varimax rotation were completed. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used to assess the internal consistency of each factor of the PMQ associated to motivation for the practice of sport. After minor changes identified in the translation process, the committee of experts considered that the Portuguese version of the PMQ showed semantic, idiomatic, cultural and conceptual equivalences. The factorial analysis confirmed the structure of eight factors originally proposed, explaining 67% of the total variance and presenting reasonable values of internal consistency. The Cronbach-alpha ranged from 0.543 to 0.827. In conclusion, the translation, cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric qualities of the PMQ were satisfactory, thus enabling its application in future studies in Brazil.

  17. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: psychometric properties, benchmarking data, and emerging research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boyden James

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is widespread interest in measuring healthcare provider attitudes about issues relevant to patient safety (often called safety climate or safety culture. Here we report the psychometric properties, establish benchmarking data, and discuss emerging areas of research with the University of Texas Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. Methods Six cross-sectional surveys of health care providers (n = 10,843 in 203 clinical areas (including critical care units, operating rooms, inpatient settings, and ambulatory clinics in three countries (USA, UK, New Zealand. Multilevel factor analyses yielded results at the clinical area level and the respondent nested within clinical area level. We report scale reliability, floor/ceiling effects, item factor loadings, inter-factor correlations, and percentage of respondents who agree with each item and scale. Results A six factor model of provider attitudes fit to the data at both the clinical area and respondent nested within clinical area levels. The factors were: Teamwork Climate, Safety Climate, Perceptions of Management, Job Satisfaction, Working Conditions, and Stress Recognition. Scale reliability was 0.9. Provider attitudes varied greatly both within and among organizations. Results are presented to allow benchmarking among organizations and emerging research is discussed. Conclusion The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire demonstrated good psychometric properties. Healthcare organizations can use the survey to measure caregiver attitudes about six patient safety-related domains, to compare themselves with other organizations, to prompt interventions to improve safety attitudes and to measure the effectiveness of these interventions.

  18. Generalizability of Vocational Decision-Making Questionnaire Scales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jepsen, David A.; Grove, W. M.

    1986-01-01

    Rater and occasion generalizability (G) coefficients were derived by an intraclass correlation method for 11 scales and two total scores on an open-ended questionnaire, The Occupational Information Inventory, which measures vocational decision making. (Author)

  19. A Frequency-Based Test of Valid Responding in Questionnaires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huba, G. J.

    1986-01-01

    A simple statistical test procedure for assessing questionnaire response validity is proposed. The technique assesses the joint probability that frequently reported behaviors are not reported and infrequently reported behaviors are reported. (Author)

  20. The Language Relationship Questionnaire (LRQ): Implications for Couples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckstein, Daniel; Juarez-Torres, Rachel; Perez-Gabriel, Ana Maria

    2006-01-01

    Psycholinguistics, discourse patterns, and English as a second language were addressed in creating a theoretical framework for examining language in relationships. The Language Relationship Questionnaire was designed to provide an inventory language and its roles in relationships. (Contains 1 figure.)

  1. Reliability and Validity of Beliefs about Substance Use (BSU Questionnaire in Alcohol Dependent Patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selçuk ASLAN

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Beliefs About Substance Use Questionnaire (BSU which was originally developed by Wright (1993. Method: Seventy alcohol addicted inpatients, who were admitted to Ankara D??kap? Y?ld?r?m Beyaz?t Education and Research Hospital Psychiatry Clinic, 31 healthy volunteers who had never used alcohol and 33 social drinkers were evaluated. For all groups, BSU and Craving Beliefs Questionnaire (CBQ, for the patient groups, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI, Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment (CIWA, Dysfunctional Attitudes Questionnaire (DAS and Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ were used as the assessment tools. The correlations and differences between the questionnaires were studied. Results: Mean age of the addicted patients, healthy controls and social drinkers were 42,3± 7,0, 33,5± 9,9 and 33,2± 8,9, respectively. In patient group, mean BSU score was 46,4 ± 21,2. For alcohol addicts, internal reliability of BSU was found to be adequate (Cronbach alfa=0.91 and item-total score correlations were between 0.33 and 0.69. Basic component analysis showed one basic factor. A positive correlation has been found between BSU and CBQ, and ATQ scores. No correlations have been found between total and subscale scores of DAS and total scores of CIWA, BAI and BSU. In evaluation of validity, BSU mean scores of alcohol addicts were found to be significantly higher than healthy controls and social drinkers. Conclusion: Our findings support that Turkish version of BSU is an adequate tool that can be used to evaluate alcohol addicted patients` cognitive believes about alcohol use

  2. The construction and evaluation of a normative learning style preference questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. van Zyl

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Various authors have indicated the need for and value of identifying the learning style preferences of individual learners. Similar needs have been voiced in the South African context.The focal point of this study was the development of a normative instrument for predicting the preferred learning styles of individuals. Secondary aims were to determine whether there are differences between groups formed on the basis of gender, academic qualifications and functional disciplines as far as their learning style preferences are concerned. Based on a review of the literature and an existing questionnaire, namely the Learning Style Inventory (LSI 85, the Learning Style Preference Questionnaire (LSPQ consisting of 136 items was developed and administered to respondents (N= 542 in a large organisation. The LSPQ was subjected to a principal factor analysis and six factors were obtained.The six factors were rotated to simple structure by means of the Direct Oblimin procedure. The matrix of intercorrelations of the six factorswas subjected to a second-order factor analysis and yielded a single factor.

    Opsomming
    Verskeie outeurs het na die behoefte aan asook die waarde van identi¢kasie van leerstylvoorkeure van individuele leerders verwys. Soortgelyke behoeftes is ook in Suid-Afrikaanse verband geopper.Die fokus van hierdie studie was die ontwikkeling van ’n normatiewe instrument om die leerstylvoorkeure van individue te meet. Sekondere doelwitte was omte bepaal of daar verskille tussen groepe is wat saamgestel is op grond van geslag, akademiese kwalifikasies en funksionele dissiplines wat hul leerstylvoorkeure betref. Gegrond op ’n oorsig van die literatuur en ’n bestaande vraelys, tewete die ‘‘Learning Style Inventory’’ (LSI 85, is die ‘‘Learning Style PreferenceQuestionnaire‘‘ (LSPQ, bestaande uit 136 items, gekonstrueer en op 542 respondente in’n groot organisasie toegepas. Die LSPQ is aan ’n hoo¡aktorontleding onderwerp en ses faktore is verkry. Die ses faktore is deur middel van die Direct Oblimin-prosedure na eenvoudige struktuur geroteer.

  3. Applying the revised Chinese Job Content Questionnaire to assess psychosocial work conditions among Taiwan's hospital workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castillo Roberto

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background For hospital accreditation and health promotion reasons, we examined whether the 22-item Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ could be applied to evaluate job strain of individual hospital employees and to determine the number of factors extracted from JCQ. Additionally, we developed an Excel module of self-evaluation diagnostic system for consultation with experts. Methods To develop an Excel-based self-evaluation diagnostic system for consultation to experts to make job strain assessment easier and quicker than ever, Rasch rating scale model was used to analyze data from 1,644 hospital employees who enrolled in 2008 for a job strain survey. We determined whether the 22-item Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ could evaluate job strain of individual employees in work sites. The respective item responding to specific groups' occupational hazards causing job stress was investigated by using skewness coefficient with its 95% CI through item-by-item analyses. Results Each of those 22 items on the questionnaire was examined to have five factors. The prevalence rate of Chinese hospital workers with high job strain was 16.5%. Conclusions Graphical representations of four quadrants, item-by-item bar chart plots and skewness 95% CI comparison generated in Excel can help employers and consultants of an organization focusing on a small number of key areas of concern for each worker in job strain.

  4. Development of the Attitudes to Domestic Violence Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Claire L; Gadd, David; Sim, Julius

    2014-10-16

    To provide a more robust assessment of the effectiveness of a domestic abuse prevention education program, a questionnaire was developed to measure children's attitudes to domestic violence. The aim was to develop a short questionnaire that would be easy to use for practitioners but, at the same time, sensitive enough to pick up on subtle changes in young people's attitudes. We therefore chose to ask children about different situations in which they might be willing to condone domestic violence. In Study 1, we tested a set of 20 items, which we reduced by half to a set of 10 items. The factor structure of the scale was explored and its internal consistency was calculated. In Study 2, we tested the factor structure of the 10-item Attitudes to Domestic Violence (ADV) Scale in a separate calibration sample. Finally, in Study 3, we then assessed the test-retest reliability of the 10-item scale. The ADV Questionnaire is a promising tool to evaluate the effectiveness of domestic abuse education prevention programs. However, further development work is necessary. PMID:25324228

  5. Valoración Psicométrica del Cuestionario de Acoso Psicológico Percibido / Psychometric Evaluation of the Perceived Moobing Questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Consuelo, Morán; Mónica Teresa, González; René, Landero.

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este estudio fue desarrollar y examinar algunas de las propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Acoso Psicológico Percibido (CAPP). El CAPP es una medida de autoinforme de 15 ítems, con formato de respuesta del tipo Likert en una escala de cinco puntos, diseñado para evaluar el [...] sentimiento de acoso psicológico en el lugar de trabajo. Una muestra de 390 trabajadores en servicios humanos respondieron al CAPP juntamente con otras escalas de salud y burnout. Los datos fueron analizados con técnicas apropiadas de análisis de ítems y factorización. Los resultados mostraron una satisfactoria confiabilidad del CAPP (? = .92), así como una clara estructura factorial unidimensional de la escala. Por fin, las correlaciones entre moobing percibido, burnout y salud pueden servir de evidencia de validez de la escala. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to develop and to examine some psychometric properties of the Perceived moobing Questionnaire, a 15-item self-report questionnaire designed to measure the feeling of workplace moobing. A sample of 390 workers in human services completed the Perceived moobing Questionnaire a [...] nd additional self-report assessments of health and burnout. The data were analysed both by items and by scales, using more appropriate factoring techniques. Results showed a high internal consistency for CAPP reliability (? = .92), as well as a clear one-factor structure of the scale. Lastly, the correlations of moobing with burnout and health can be seen as evidence of validity.

  6. The validation of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire in selected organisations in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastiaan Rothmann

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to assess the construct equivalence of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ, and to investigate the manifestation of job satisfaction at selected organisations in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey design with a random sample (N = 474 was used. The MSQ and a biographical questionnaire were administered. The results confirmed a two-factor model of job satisfaction, consisting of extrinsic job satisfaction and intrinsic job satisfaction. Exploratory factor analysis with target rotations conf rmed the construct equivalence of scales for the black and white groups. The results obtained from comparing job satisfaction levels of various demographic groups showed that practically significant differences existed between the job satisfaction of different age and race groups.

    How to cite this article:

    Buitendach, J.H., & Rothmann, S. (2009. The validation of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire in selected organisations in South Africa. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/ SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 7(1, Art. #183, 8 pages. DOI: 10.4102/sajhrm.v7i1.183

  7. [Development of the Japanese version of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire for junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishizu, Kenichiro; Shimoda, Yoshiyuki

    2013-08-01

    This study reports about the development of the Japanese version of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire for junior high school students. Emotion Awareness Questionnaire (EAQ; Rieffe, Oosterveld, Miers, Meerum Terwogt, & Ly, 2008) for children and adolescents aims not only to monitor and differentiate emotions but also to measure attitudes about emotions. It consists of six factors: differentiating emotions, verbal sharing of emotions, not hiding emotion, bodily awareness, attending to others' emotion, analyses of emotions. To examine the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the EAQ, junior high school students (7th to 9th grades) were requested to complete the questionnaires (n = 535 in time 1, n = 537 in time 2, n = 330 in time 3). The results showed that the Japanese version of the EAQ had almost the same six-factor structure as the original one. It also had moderate internal consistency and test-retest reliability (three weeks). The validity of the scale was examined in relation to emotional intelligence, social anxiety, depression, psychological stress responses, evaluation of emotions, self esteem and sense of authenticity. The results confirmed that the Japanese version of the EAQ had good validity. PMID:24063149

  8. Shortened questionnaire on quality of life for inflammatory bowel disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcalá, M J; Casellas, F; Fontanet, G; Prieto, L; Malagelada, J-R

    2004-07-01

    Questionnaires for measuring quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease usually include a large number of items and are time-consuming for both administration and interpretation. Our aim was to elaborate and validate a short quality-of-life questionnaire with the most representative items from the Spanish version of the 36-item Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ-36) using the Rasch analysis. The responses to 311 IBDQ-36 questionnaires from 167 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 144 with Crohn's disease (CD) were analyzed. IBDQ-36 was shortened with successive Rasch analyses until all the remaining items showed acceptable separation and goodness-of-fit properties. Validation of the short questionnaire was studied in a new group of 125 patients by determining its validity and reliability. A 9-item short questionnaire was obtained (IBDQ-9). Its correlation with IBDQ-36 was excellent (r = 0.91). Correlation between IBDQ-9 and clinical indices of activity was statistically significant in UC (r = 0.70) and CD (r= 0.70). IBDQ-9 score discriminates adequately between patients in clinical remission or relapse (P IBDQ-9 changes between both determinations (P IBDQ-9 was also homogeneous, with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.95 in UC and 0.91 in CD. In 35-clinically stable patients, test-retest reliability was good, with a statistically-significant correlation between both questionnaires (r = 0.76 in UC and 0.86 in CD, P valid questionnaire to measure quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease was obtained using a new measurement model. Its use should facilitate comprehension of the impact of inflammatory bowel disease. PMID:15475746

  9. Validation of the Reflux Disease Questionnaire into Greek

    OpenAIRE

    Christos Lionis; Constantinos Mihas; Foteini Anastasiou; Eirini Oikonomidou

    2012-01-01

    Primary care physicians face challenges in diagnosing and managing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ) meets the standards of validity, reliability, and practicability. This paper reports on the validation of the Greek translation of the RDQ. RDQ is a condition specific instrument. For the validation of the questionnaire, the internal consistency of its items was established using the alpha coefficient of Chronbach. The reproducibility (test-retest r...

  10. Development, validity and responsiveness of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Ht, Ten Hacken Nick; Schokker Siebrig; Wm, Willemse Brigitte; van der Molen Thys; Postma Dirkje S; Juniper Elizabeth F

    2003-01-01

    Abstract Background The new Global Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines advice to focus treatment in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) on improvement of functional state, prevention of disease progression and minimization of symptoms. So far no validated questionnaires are available to measure symptom and functional state in daily clinical practice. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ). Methods Qualitative research with patie...

  11. Reliability and validity of the chronic respiratory questionnaire (CRQ).

    OpenAIRE

    Wijkstra, P. J.; Tenvergert, E. M.; Altena, R.; Otten, V.; Postma, D. S.; Kraan, J.; Koe?ter, G. H.

    1994-01-01

    BACKGROUND--The Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) is frequently applied to assess quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the reliability and validity of this questionnaire have not yet been determined. This study investigates the reliability and validity of the four separate dimensions of the CRQ. METHODS--The CRQ was administered on two consecutive days to 40 patients with COPD (mean FEV1 44% predicted, FEV1/IVC 37% predicted). Internal ...

  12. Geriatrics in medical students’ curricula: questionnaire-based analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Wiese, Christoph Hr; Fragemann, Kirstin; Keil, Peter C.; Bundscherer, Anika Christin; Lindenberg, Nicole; Lassen, Christoph L.; Markowski, Klara; Graf, Bernhard M.; Trabold, Benedikt

    2014-01-01

    Background Demographic development is accompanied by an increasingly aging society. Concerning medical education, the treatment of older people as well as the scientific research and exploration of ageing aspects in the coming years need to be considered. Aim of the study was to ascertain medical students’ knowledge, interest, and attitudes regarding older patients and geriatric medicine. Methods Each participant completed a self-designed questionnaire. This questionnaire was base...

  13. Acromegaly Quality of Life Questionnaire (AcroQoL)

    OpenAIRE

    Lara Nuria; Prieto Luis; Webb Susan M; Badia Xavier

    2004-01-01

    Abstract Acromegaly is a chronic disease with an important impact on patients, Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). The ability to effectively measure Health Related Quality of Life is central to describing the impacts of disease or treatment upon the patient, therefore the importance of having a disease specific questionnaire for acromegaly. For the development of the AcroQoL questionnaire different sources of information were used: first a literature search was performed to identify rele...

  14. A Confirmatory Test of Hierarchical Expectancy Structure and Predictive Power: Discriminant Validation of the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Mark S.; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Confirmatory factor analysis of data (from 446 young adults entering college) on the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire, and prospective drinking data from 428 participants, support the hierarchical structure of alcohol expectancies and indicate that common and unique variance together predict alcohol use. (SLD)

  15. Self-Talk: It Works, but How? Development and Preliminary Validation of the Functions of Self-Talk Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theodorakis, Yannis; Hatzigeorgiadis, Antonis; Chroni, Stiliani

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this investigation was to develop an instrument assessing the functions of self-talk (ST) in sports. Two studies were conducted for the development of the Functions of Self-Talk Questionnaire (FSTQ). In the first study, a prospective instrument was developed based on empirical evidence and a series of preliminary exploratory factor

  16. Interaction of Religion and Science: Development of a Questionnaire and the Results of Its Administration to Undergraduates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brazelton, Elizabeth W.; Frandsen, John C.; McKown, Delos B.; Brown, Charles D.

    1999-01-01

    A questionnaire was developed and administered to 111 undergraduate students to assess the influence of religiosity on their attitudes toward science as a career and their belief in scientific evidence and concepts. Results indicate that religiosity does influence these attitudes and is a factor to be considered in planning science instruction.…

  17. Proposal for a questionnaire to assess risk perception concerning a radioactive waste repository

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the key features for public acceptance of nuclear energy is the belief that radioactive waste can be managed safely, in order to protect human beings from its possible harmful effects in present and future generations. In this sense, it is essential to understand how people perceive the risk associated with radioactive waste and which the main factors driving their attitudes toward its disposal are. One of the ways to achieve this understanding is through opinion polls. In this study, a questionnaire focused on the nuclear energy acceptability issue and its association with radioactive waste management was proposed, covering the following aspects: attitudes towards radioactive waste and nuclear power, credibility on institutions and sectors responsible by the nuclear safety, identification of perceived benefits, risk perception of specific technologies and activities, perception of real risk, emotional reaction comprehension and precautionary principle. Results obtained from a pilot questionnaire application are presented and discussed in this paper. (author)

  18. Psychometric properties of the Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rudolf M., Oosthuizen; Pieter, Koortzen.

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of this research was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist when administered to a convenience sample of 241 fire-fighters from a metropolitan municipality. The results indicate that these t [...] wo measuring instruments yielded acceptable internal-consistency reliability coefficients for most of the subscales of the questionnaires. Construct validity was investigated by means of exploratory factor analysis. It was concluded that the measuring instruments are fit to be used for diagnostic and developmental purposes and during counselling to enhance the psychological well being of fire-fighters and their families.

  19. Effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on response rate to a complex postal survey: randomised controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preston John

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Minimising participant non-response in postal surveys helps to maximise the generalisability of the inferences made from the data collected. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on postal survey response rate and quality and to compare the cost-effectiveness of the alternative survey strategies. Methods In a pilot study for a population study of travel behaviour, physical activity and the environment, 1000 participants sampled from the UK edited electoral register were randomly allocated using a 2 × 2 factorial design to receive one of four survey packs: a personally addressed long (24 page questionnaire pack, a personally addressed short (15 page questionnaire pack, a non-personally addressed long questionnaire pack or a non-personally addressed short questionnaire pack. Those who did not return a questionnaire were stratified by initial randomisation group and further randomised to receive either a full reminder pack or a reminder postcard. The effects of the survey design factors on response were examined using multivariate logistic regression. Results An overall response rate of 17% was achieved. Participants who received the short version of the questionnaire were more likely to respond (OR = 1.48, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.07. In those participants who received a reminder, personalisation of the survey pack and reminder also increased the odds of response (OR = 1.44, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.95. Item non-response was relatively low, but was significantly higher in the long questionnaire than the short (9.8% vs 5.8%; p = .04. The cost per additional usable questionnaire returned of issuing the reminder packs was £23.1 compared with £11.3 for the reminder postcards. Conclusions In contrast to some previous studies of shorter questionnaires, this trial found that shortening a relatively lengthy questionnaire significantly increased the response. Researchers should consider the trade off between the value of additional questions and a larger sample. If low response rates are expected, personalisation may be an important strategy to apply. Sending a full reminder pack to non-respondents appears a worthwhile, albeit more costly, strategy.

  20. Validation of the self regulation questionnaire as a measure of health in quality of life research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Büssing A

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives Several epidemiological studies address psychosomatic 'self regulation' as a measure of quality of life aspects. However, although widely used in studies with a focus on complementary cancer treatment, and recognized to be associated with better survival of cancer patients, it is unclear what the 'self regulation' questionnaire exactly measures. Design and setting In a sample of 444 individuals (27% healthy, 33% cancer, 40% other internal diseases, we performed reliability and exploratory factor analyses, and correlated the 16-item instrument with external measures such as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Herdecke Quality of Life questionnaire, and autonomic regulation questionnaire. Results The 16-item pool had a very good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.948 and satisfying/good (rrt = 0.796 test-retest reliability after 3 months. Exploratory factor analysis indicated 2 sub-constructs: (1 Ability to change behaviour in order to reach goals, and (2 Achieve satisfaction and well-being. Both sub-scales correlated well with quality of life aspects, particularly with Initiative Power/Interest, Social Interactions, Mental Balance, and negatively with anxiety and depression. Conclusions The Self Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ was found to be a valid and reliable tool which measures unique psychosomatic abilities. Self regulation deals with competence and autonomy and can be regarded as a problem solving capacity in terms of an active adaptation to stressful situations to restore wellbeing. The tool is an interesting option to be used particularly in complementary medicine research with a focus on behavioural modification.

  1. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and New Zealand Physical Activity Questionnaire (NZPAQ): A doubly labelled water validation

    OpenAIRE

    Rodgers Anthony; Vander Hoorn Stephen; Jiang Yannan; Ni Mhurchu Cliona; Maddison Ralph; Mm, Lawes Carlene; Rush Elaine

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Accurate measurement of physical activity is a pre-requisite for monitoring population health and for evaluating effective interventions. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) is used as a comparable and standardised self-report measure of habitual physical activity of populations from different countries and socio-cultural contexts. The IPAQ has been modified to produce a New Zealand physical activity questionnaire (NZPAQ). The aim of this study was to ...

  2. Validity and Reliability of the Short Form- 36 Items Questionnaire as a Measure of Quality of Life in Elderly Iranian Population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed-Reza Eshaghi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The utility of The SF-36 questionnaire for evaluation of health related quality of life was not clear in elderly people. The Cross-Sectional study was designed and Iranian version of The SF-36 was administered to random sample of 100 old subjects over 60 years old. Finding showed good internal consistency over 0.7 for all subscales of questionnaire. Convergent validity was obtained for all subscales with comparison for General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28 but was not strongly at 2 subscales Role emotional and Role physical. Discriminant validity was addressed for gender but for age groups role emotional, mental health and general health subscales were not different significantly. A principal component analysis was leaded one factor structure. Evidence for reliability of the questionnaire was good. But validity appeared moderate satisfactory. However this questionnaire seems the only measure for assessment of health related quality at life among elderly population.

  3. Acromegaly Quality of Life Questionnaire (AcroQoL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lara Nuria

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Acromegaly is a chronic disease with an important impact on patients, Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL. The ability to effectively measure Health Related Quality of Life is central to describing the impacts of disease or treatment upon the patient, therefore the importance of having a disease specific questionnaire for acromegaly. For the development of the AcroQoL questionnaire different sources of information were used: first a literature search was performed to identify relevant papers describing the impact of acromegaly in HRQoL, second the main domains of impact on HRQoL were identified by 10 experts endocrinologists, and third ten in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted in acromegalic patients to identify domains and items related to the self-perceived impact of acromegaly in patients' life. After a proper qualitative analysis a preliminary 38 item questionnaire was obtained. Rasch analysis concluded with a final 22 item questionnaire. The measurement properties (validity and reliability of the resulting final questionnaire were tested and compared using standard procedures (Cronbach's Alpha and item-total correlation. The evaluation of the item parameters confirmed the construct validity of the new instrument. Responsiveness to change was assessed in a small sample of 32 acromegalic patients with active disease in Spain who were administered the AcroQoL and the generic questionnaire EuroQoL 5-D. The results showed a statistically significant relationship between all the dimensions of AcroQoL and the VAS (visual analogic scale of EQ-5D. An improvement in the global score of AcroQoL was related to a global improvement in the VAS of the EQ-5D. Following the current recommended standard methodology the Spanish questionnaire was translated into eleven other languages.

  4. Psychometric evaluation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 among Brazilian young adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaral, Ana C S; Ribeiro, Mário S; Conti, Maria A; Ferreira, Clécio S; Ferreira, Maria E C

    2013-01-01

    The objective was evaluating the psychometric properties of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) among Brazilian young adults of both genders. The sample was composed by 506 undergraduate students (295 females and 211 males), aged between 17 and 29 years old. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used for construct validity (N = 506). Correlations between the SATAQ-3 scores and those of the Tripartite Influence Scale (TIS) and Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) were used for convergent validity. Reliability was assessed through internal consistency (?) and reproducibility (test-retest) through comparison of the means obtained at two different time points and through intra-class correlation. The scale presented a factor structure composed of five factors, replicated in the confirmatory factor analysis with satisfactory values for the measurements of adjustment to the model. Correlations with the BSQ and TIS scores were rho = .52 and rho = -.35, respectively. Cronbach's alpha coefficients were satisfactory, and their stability was demonstrated. Brazilian SATAQ-3 had good validity and reproducibility, being indicated for use in samples of Brazilian youths. PMID:24230957

  5. Assessment of a new questionnaire for self-reported sun sensitivity in an occupational skin cancer screening program

    OpenAIRE

    Steinebrunner Beatrix; Dietrich Jens; Tacke Jürgen; Reifferscheid Antonius

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Sun sensitivity of the skin is a risk factor for the development of cutaneous melanoma and other skin cancers. Epidemiological studies on causal factors for the development of melanoma must control for sun sensitivity as a confounder. A standardized instrument for measuring sun sensitivity has not been established yet. It is assumed that many studies show a high potential of residual confounding for sun sensitivity. In the present study, a new questionnaire for the assessm...

  6. A psychometric evaluation of the Group Environment Questionnaire in a sample of elite and regional level Greek volleyball players

    OpenAIRE

    Ntoumanis, Nikos; Aggelondis, Yannis

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ) adapted to the Greek language. The sample consisted of 586 male and female volleyball players of elite and regional level status. Data were analysed from three time points of a competitive season. For each time point, seven competing first-order and second-order factor structures were subjected to confirmatory factor analyses. The results revealed that the Greek GEQ demonstrated h...

  7. Dimensionality and Construct Validity of the Romanian Self-Report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharratt, K.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ is one of the most widely utilised measures of behavioural and emotional difficulties among children and young people. Previous research has raised concerns about the psychometric properties of the measure, particularly the internal consistency of the CP and PP subscales. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA has generally supported a five-factor solution that is consistent with Goodman’s (1997 original conceptualisation of the SDQ, but alternative factor structures have been validated including models with internalising and externalising factors, and a total difficulties factor. This was the first study to examine the dimensionality, construct validity and internal consistency of the Romanian self-report version of the SDQ. Based on data collected from 1,086 school children aged 9-17 years old, six alternative factor models were specified and tested using conventional CFA techniques and a confirmatory bifactor modelling approach. The five-factor model provided a better fit for the data than alternative factor structures, but was still unacceptable according to a range of overall model fit indices and individual item loadings. Model fit statistics for the five-factor solution were also notably poorer among boys than girls. Internal consistency was low for the CP, H and PP subscales among the total sample and girls only; and for the EP, CP, H and PP subscales among boys only. Results are discussed in terms of the appropriate interpretation of the Romanian SDQ.

  8. [Validation of Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) quality of life questionnaire in Russian patients with evidence of chronic generalized periodontitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barer, G M; Gurevich, K G; Smirniagina, V V; Fabrikant, E G

    2007-01-01

    As part of research project translation and validation of Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) quality of life questionnaire has been administered. 25 patients have been interviewed (8 men and 17 women), the average age was 40+/-8 years, with evidence of chronic generalized periodontitis. The clinical picture of the disease development in those patients was common. All patients perceived questions of the pilot questionnaire version correctly. The relations between the quality of life and the sex of patients, social status and other factors have been found statistically significant. PMID:18163059

  9. Examining the validity of the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) in a Portuguese sport setting / Análisis de la validad del Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) en un contexto deportivo portugués / Análise da validade do Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) no contexto desportivo português

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paulo, Martins; António, Rosado; Vítor, Ferreira; Rui, Biscaia.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A literatura em psicologia de desporto sugere que a compreensão dos níveis de engajamento é primordial para promover experiências desportivas positivas entre os atletas. O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar as propriedades psicométricas do Athlete Engagement Questionnaire entre os desportistas portu [...] gueses. Duas amostras distintas de atletas portugueses com diferentes níveis de prática competitiva foram recolhidas e os resultados de uma análise fatorial confirmatória demostraram boa qualidade de ajustamento do modelo. A análise das qualidades psicométricas indicou que todos os fatores mostraram fiabilidade compósita, validade convergente e validade discriminante. Adicionalmente, uma análise multigrupos mostrou a invariância do modelo nas duas amostras independentes, indicando validade cruzada. As implicações destes resultados para treinadores e académicos foram discutidas, sendo também apontadas sugestões para futuros estudos. Abstract in spanish La literatura en psicología del deporte sugiere que la comprensión de los niveles de compromiso en la actividad deportiva es importante para la promoción de entornos deportivos positivos entre los atletas. El objetivo del estudio consiste en verificar las propiedades psicométricas del Athlete Engage [...] ment Questionnaire entre los atletas portugueses. Trabajamos dos muestras distintas de los atletas portugueses con niveles competitivos diferentes, los resultados del análisis factorial confirmatorio han demostrado un buen ajuste del modelo a los datos. El análisis de las propiedades psicométricas ha indicado que todos los factores tienen una buena consistencia interna, así como buena validez convergente y validez discriminante. Además, el análisis multi-grupos muestra que el modelo es estable en dos muestras independientes, proporcionando evidencia de la validez cruzada. Las implicaciones de estos resultados para los académicos y entrenadores fueron discutidas, siendo igualmente planteadas propuestas para estudios futuros. Abstract in english Sport psychology literature suggests that understanding engagement levels is pivotal to promote positive sporting experiences among athletes. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire among Portuguese sport athletes. Two distinct sam [...] ples of Portuguese athletes from different competitive levels were collected, and the results of a confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated a good fit of the model to the data. A review of the psychometric properties indicated that all factors showed good composite reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. In addition, a multi-groups analysis showed the invariance of the model in two independent samples providing evidence of cross validity. Implications of these results for scholars and coaches are discussed and guidelines for future studies are suggested.

  10. U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Baseline Questionnaire data set provides information about the household using the primary resident (IRN 01) and other residents who chose to participate. The information is from 362 Baseline Questionnaires for 201 households. The Baseline Questionnaire was administered to ...

  11. 76 FR 33029 - Agency Information Collection (Disability Benefits Questionnaires-Group 1) Under OMB Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ...Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960M-14. k. Eating Disorders Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21- 0960P-1. l. Mental Disorders (other than PTSD and Eating Disorders) Disability Benefits Questionnaire,...

  12. 76 FR 8846 - Proposed Information Collection (Disability Benefits Questionnaires-Group 1) Activity: Comment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-15

    ...Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960O-1. l. Eating Disorders Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21- 0960P-1. m. Mental Disorders (other than PTSD and Eating Disorders) Disability Benefits Questionnaire,...

  13. 78 FR 44624 - Proposed Information Collection (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire); Activities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ...No. 2900-NEW (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire)] Proposed...Information Collection (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire); Activities...No. 2900-NEW (Conduct the Point of Care Research Questionnaire)''...

  14. ACADEMIC TRAINING LECTURES-QUESTIONNAIRE: SUGGEST AND WIN!

    CERN Document Server

    Françoise Benz

    2002-01-01

    Its time to plan for the 2002-2003 lecture series. From today until April 26 you have the chance to give your contribution to improved planning for next year's Academic Training Lectures Series. At the web site, you will find questionnaires concerning the following different categories: high energy physics, applied physics, science and society and post-graduate student lectures. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee is offering 10 prizes of a self-teach web based training course to people who provide their email address when filling in the questionnaire. The 10 winners will be chosen randomly from the replies received before the closing date.

  15. ACADEMIC TRAINING LECTURES-QUESTIONNAIRE: SUGGEST AND WIN !

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Its time to plan for the 2003-2004 lecture series. From today until April 25 you have the chance to give your contribution to planning for next year's Academic Training Lectures Series. At the web site : http://cern.ch/Academic.Training/questionnaire you will find questionnaires proposing topics in high energy physics, applied physics and science and society. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at the CERN bookshop.

  16. ACADEMIC TRAINING LECTURES-QUESTIONNAIRE: SUGGEST AND WIN!

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Its time to plan for the 2003-2004 lecture series. From today until April 25 you have the chance to give your contribution to planning for next year's Academic Training Lectures Series. At the web site : http://cern.ch/Academic.Training/questionnaire you will find questionnaires proposing topics in high energy physics, applied physics and science and society. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at the CERN bookshop.

  17. Development of the lymphoedema genito-urinary cancer questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noble-Jones, Rhian; Fitzpatrick, Bridie; Sneddon, Margaret C; Hendry, David S; Leung, Hing Y

    2014-10-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a patient self-report tool to detect symptoms of genital and lower limb lymphoedema in male survivors of genitourinary cancer. The study incorporated the views of patients and subject specialists (lymphoedema and urology) in the design of a patient questionnaire based on the literature. Views on comprehensiveness, relevance of content, ease of understanding and perceived acceptability to patients were collated. The findings informed the development of the next iteration of the questionnaire. The overall view of participants was that the development and application of such a tool was of great clinical value and the Lymphoedema Genito-Urinary Cancer Questionnaire (LGUCQ) has significant potential for further development as a research tool to inform prevalence of this under-reported condition. PMID:25302997

  18. Evaluation of Agreement Between Video and Written Questionnaires for Asthma Symptoms Among Children of Tehran: ISAAC Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MR Masjedi

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: International study on asthma was conducted to study the prevalence of Asthma symptoms among 13-14 year old children using written and video questionnaires during the early 90's. The aim of the present study (ISAAC was to evaluate the agreement between the two questionnaires which were self-completed by the children. Methods: This study, which was a part of the third phase of International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC and performed exactly similar to phase1, was performed by National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD in two cities of Iran; Rasht and Tehran. All stages of the study were performed in accordance with ISAAC protocol. The present study discusses data related to children of Tehran. A total of 3100 school children aged 13-14 years were questioned about asthma symptoms using written and video questionnaires of ISAAC study. For statistical analysis, initially a descriptive study of the available data was performed. Thereafter, chance corrected agreement between the two questionnaires was evaluated using Cohen’s Kappa co-efficiency. Results: Of the total of 3100 children, 52.4% were male and 47.6% female, with a mean age of 13.6 years. Although the questions discussed in the two questionnaires were not exactly similar, the results of the video questionnaires showed a statistically significant lower positive response to asthma symptoms as compared to the written version. Kappa co-efficiency ranged between 0.06- 0.21 (mean=0.12, which is considered poor for all variables. Conclusion: Positive responses to having asthma symptoms were significantly higher using the written questionnaire compared to the video questionnaire. Similar to previous studies, agreement between the two was considered poor for all variables. Although factors such as language, culture, dwelling area, e.t.c. have special effects on results of these questionnaires, results indicate that the two questionnaires should be further studied and validated for this special group of patients in order to reach a better interpretation of prevalence of asthma symptoms.

  19. Construction of a questionnaire measuring outpatients' opinion of quality of hospital consultation departments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durieux Pierre

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Few questionnaires on outpatients' satisfaction with hospital exist. All have been constructed without giving enough room for the patient's point of view in the validation procedure. The main objective was to develop, according to psychometric standards, a self-administered generic outpatient questionnaire exploring opinion on quality of hospital care. Method First, a qualitative phase was conducted to generate items and identify domains using critical analysis incident technique and literature review. A list of easily comprehensible non-redundant items was defined using Delphi technique and a pilot study on outpatients. This phase involved outpatients, patient association representatives and experts. The second step was a quantitative validation phase comprised a multicenter study in 3 hospitals, 10 departments and 1007 outpatients. It was designed to select items, identify dimensions, measure reliability, internal and concurrent validity. Patients were randomized according to the place of questionnaire completion (hospital v. home (participation rate = 65%. Third, a mail-back study on 2 departments and 248 outpatients was conducted to replicate the validation (participation rate = 57%. Results A 27-item questionnaire comprising 4 subscales (appointment making, reception facilities, waiting time and consultation with the doctor. The factorial structure was satisfactory (loading >0.50 on each subscale for all items, except one item. Interscale correlations ranged from 0.42 to 0.59, Cronbach ? coefficients ranged from 0.79 to 0.94. All Item-scale correlations were higher than 0.40. Test-retest intraclass coefficients ranged from 0.69 to 0.85. A unidimensional 9-item version was produced by selection of one third of the items within each subscale with the strongest loading on the principal component and the best item-scale correlation corrected for overlap. Factors related to satisfaction level independent from departments were age, previous consultations in the department and satisfaction with life. Completion at hospital immediately after consultation led to an overestimation of satisfaction. No satisfaction score differences existed between spontaneous respondents and patients responding after reminder(s. Conclusion Good estimation of patient opinion on hospital consultation performance was obtained with these questionnaires. When comparing performances between departments or the same department over time scores need to be adjusted on 3 variables that influence satisfaction independently from department. Completion of the questionnaire at home is preferable to completion in the consultation facility and reminders are not necessary to produce non-biased data.

  20. A comparison of the NEIVFQ25 and GQL-15 questionnaires in Nigerian glaucoma patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mbadugha CA

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Chigozie A Mbadugha, Adeola O Onakoya, Olufisayo T Aribaba, Folashade B AkinsolaGuinness Eye Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos State, NigeriaAim: To compare two vision-specific quality of life (QOL instruments – the disease-specific 15-item Glaucoma Quality of Life questionnaire (GQL-15 and the nonglaucoma-specific 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEIVFQ25.Methods: The QOL of 132 glaucoma patients being managed in Lagos University Teaching Hospital and an equal number of controls matched for age and sex was assessed using two vision-specific instruments: GQL-15 and the NEIVFQ25. The categorization of the severity of glaucoma into mild, moderate, and severe disease was determined using the degree of visual field loss. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 15; SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL software program was used for analyzing the data obtained. Spearman’s correlation coefficients were used to assess the correlation between the scores from the two questionnaires.Results: Patients had the greatest difficulty with activities affected by glare and dark adaptation in the GQL-15. Driving and general vision were the factors most affected in the NEIVFQ25. The Spearman rho values showed strong correlations (rho > 0.55 between the NEIVFQ25 and GQL-15 QOL scores for the total number of participants (rho: –0.75, total number of cases (rho: –0.83, and the mild (rho: –0.76, moderate (rho: –0.75, and severe (rho: –0.84 cases. There was a moderate correlation (rho: –0.38 for QOL scores of controls. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.94 for the GQL-15 and 0.93 for the NEIVFQ25, showing high internal consistency for both questionnaires.Conclusion: The GQL-15 and the NEIVFQ25 questionnaires showed high internal consistency, correlated strongly with each other, and were reliable in the assessment of glaucoma patients in this study.Keywords: primary open-angle glaucoma, quality of life questionnaires, GQL-15, NEIVFQ25

  1. Psychometric properties of the French version of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire

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    J\\u00E9r\\u00F4me Rossier

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio instrumental fue diseñado para investigar las propiedades psicométricas de la versión francesa y replicabilidad transcultural del Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ en sus factores y facetas. El ZKPQ es un instrumento destinado a evaluar los cinco factores básicos del Alternative Five-Factor Model (AFFM. Los participantes fueron 843 suizos francófonos, principalmente estudiantes universitarios. Obtenidos los factores estos mostraron una fiabilidad entre 0,73 y 0,87, y sus facetas entre 0,57 y 0,77. Las diferencias entre géneros son similares a las informadas en la muestra americana. Las mujeres alcanzaron puntuaciones superiores en N-Anx, y puntuaciones más bajas en ImpSS y Act. El resultado de los análisis factoriales exploratorios respaldó la estructura de cinco factores y sus correspondientes facetas. Las correlaciones entre las escalas sostienen que los cinco factores básicos del AFFM son ortogonales. Los coeficientes de congruencia muestran la elevada replicabilidad transcultural de los factores y sus facetas. Se puso a prueba el ajuste del modelo en sus factores y facetas mediante análisis factorial confirmatorio. Los resultados indican que la versión en lengua francesa del ZKPQ es un instrumento fiable y válido y posee buena replicabilidad transcultural.

  2. Development and validation of a questionnaire to evaluate medical students’ and residents’ responsibility in clinical settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asemani, Omid; Iman, Mohammad Taghi; Khayyer, Mohammad; Tabei, Seyed Ziaaddin; Sharif, Farkhondeh; Moattari, Marzieh

    2014-01-01

    There is a shortage of quantitative measures for assessing the concept of responsibility as a fundamental construct in medical education, ethics and professionalism in existing literature. This study aimed to develop an instrument for measuring responsibility in both undergraduate and graduate medical students during clinical training. Instrument content was based on literature review and mainly qualitative data obtained from a published grounded theory research. The draft questionnaire (Persian version) was then validated and revised with regard to face and content validity. The finalized 41-item questionnaire consists of four domains that were identified using factor analysis. Test-retest reliability and internal consistency were also assessed. Test-retest reliability was rather high, ranging between 0.70 and 0.75 for all domains. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were 0.75 – 0.76 for all domains and 0.90 for the composite scale of the whole questionnaire. Correlations between the four domains of the instrument were also satisfactory (r ? 0.47 for most domains). The correlation between each domain and the composite scale was higher than its correlation with other domains (r ? 0.79 for most domains). The instrument demonstrated good construct and internal validity, and can be suitable for measuring the concept of responsibility in practice in different groups of undergraduate and graduate medical trainees (MTs). PMID:25512836

  3. Experimental study on EV purchases assisted by multi-agents representing a set of questionnaires

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xue, Yusheng; Wu, Juai

    2014-01-01

    An experimental economics (EE) method is used to analyze the influences of subjective willingness on the development of the electric vehicle (EV) industry. It is difficult to run large-scale EE-based simulations and to support decision optimizations due to the limited number of qualified human participants and the incomparability among repeated trials. Taking the customers’ willingness to buy EVs as an example, this paper extracts multi-layer correlation information from a limited number of questionnaires and builds a multi-agent model to match the probabilistic distributions of multi-responder behaviors, for the purpose of reflecting the truly statistic information embedded from the questionnaires. The vraisemblance of both the model and the algorithm is validated by comparing the agent-based Monte Carlo simulation results with the questionnaire-based deduction results. Based on the work presented in this paper, the influence of a key factor on the EV development can therefore be analyzed by using a simulation platform with mixed inputs from agents modelled in this paper and human participants.

  4. Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess fear of kidney failure following living donation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigue, James R; Fleishman, Aaron; Vishnevsky, Tanya; Whiting, James; Vella, John P; Garrison, Krista; Moore, Deonna; Kayler, Liise; Baliga, Prabhakar; Chavin, Kenneth D; Karp, Seth; Mandelbrot, Didier A

    2014-06-01

    Living kidney donors (LKDs) may feel more anxious about kidney failure now that they have only one kidney and the security of a second kidney is gone. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to develop and empirically validate a self-report scale for assessing fear of kidney failure in former LKDs. Participants were 364 former LKDs within the past 10 years at five US transplant centers and 219 healthy nondonor controls recruited through Mechanical Turk who completed several questionnaires. Analyses revealed a unidimensional factor structure, excellent internal consistency (? = 0.88), and good convergent validity for the Fear of Kidney Failure questionnaire. Only 13% of former donors reported moderate to high fear of kidney failure. Nonwhite race (OR = 2.9, P = 0.01), genetic relationship with the recipient (OR = 2.46, P = 0.04), and low satisfaction with the donation experience (OR = 0.49, P = 0.002) were significant predictors of higher fear of kidney failure. We conclude that while mild anxiety about kidney failure is common, high anxiety about future renal failure among former LKDs is uncommon. The Fear of Kidney Failure questionnaire is reliable, valid, and easy to use in the clinical setting. PMID:24606048

  5. Psychometric properties of the Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter Koortzen

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available

    The aim of this research was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist when administered to a convenience sample of 241 fire-fighters from a metropolitan municipality. The results indicate that these two measuring instruments yielded acceptable internal-consistency reliability coefficients for most of the subscales of the questionnaires. Construct validity was investigated by means of exploratory factor analysis. It was concluded that the measuring instruments are fit to be used for diagnostic and developmental purposes and during counselling to enhance the psychological wellbeing of fire-fighters and their families.

    How to cite this article:

    Oosthuizen, R.M., & Koortzen, P. (2009. Psychometric properties of the Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/ SA Tydskrif vir Bedryfsielkunde, 35(1, Art. #492, 10 pages. DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v35i1.492

  6. / Psychometric properties of the Spanish validation of the Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A., Cebolla; A., García-Palacios; J., Soler; V., Guillen; R., Baños; C., Botella.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Background and Objectives: Mindfulness-based therapies have demonstrated effectiveness in many clinical contexts. Various therapies that train mindfulness skills have proliferated in recent years. There is increasing interest in mindfulness-based therapies and in incorporating instruments that measu [...] re mindfulness in order to understand its role in clinical and basic research. The Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) is a questionnaire for measuring mindfulness; it was derived from a factor analysis of five different questionnaires that measure a trait-like general tendency to be mindful in daily life. The objective of this study is to validate the FFMQ in a Spanish sample. Methods: The FFMQ was administered to a sample of 462 subjects ranging from 18 to 63 years (X = 27.9; SD = 9.75). The sample was composed by clinical (n = 146) and non-clinical (n = 226) subsamples. Results: The internal reliability of the scales ranged from acceptable to very good. Convergent analysis was conducted by computing Pearson's correlations, showing high correlations. The factorial structure is the same as that proposed by Baer et al. Conclusions: The FFMQ proved to be an effective instrument for measuring mindfulness in clinical and non-clinical Spanish samples.

  7. Assessing midwives' breastfeeding knowledge: Properties of the Newborn Feeding Ability questionnaire and Breastfeeding Initiation Practices scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cantrill Ruth M

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There are few reliable and valid tools to assess lactation and infant feeding knowledge and practices. This study tested the psychometric properties of two new scales, the Newborn Feeding Ability (NFA questionnaire and Breastfeeding Initiation Practices (BIP scale to assess midwives' breastfeeding knowledge and practices specific to breastfeeding initiation. Methods A national postal survey of Australian midwives (n = 3500 was conducted in October 2001. Reliability was determined through Cronbach's alpha coefficient and stability determined by a test-retest. Content validity was established through a critical review of literature and review by an expert panel. Construct validity was informed by an exploratory factor analysis and principle component analysis with varimax rotation. Correlations between NFA and BKQ knowledge subscale scores and BIP and BKQ practice subscale scores assessed criterion validity. A multiple hierarchical regression analysis determined predictive validity of the NFA and BIP. Results A response rate of 31.6% (n = 1107 was achieved. Adequate internal consistency was established for both instruments. Five factors on the NFA questionnaire were congruent with knowledge about effects of skin-to-skin contact, physiological stability, newborn innate abilities, work practices and effective breastfeeding. The BIP revealed three factors related to observing pre-feeding behavior, mother/baby care and attachment and positioning practices. Predictive validity of knowledge was moderate (r = 0.481, p Conclusion The Newborn Feeding Ability questionnaire and the Breastfeeding Initiation Practices scale can contribute to practice development by assessing lactation and infant feeding knowledge and practice deficits. Individual learning needs can be identified, and effectiveness of education interventions evaluated using these tools. Further testing is required with other samples of midwives and health professionals involved in the promotion of breastfeeding.

  8. Questionnaire on the measurement condition of distribution coefficient

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takebe, Shinichi; Kimura, Hideo; Matsuzuru, Hideo [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment] [and others

    2001-05-01

    The distribution coefficient is used for various transport models to evaluate the migration behavior of radionuclides in the environment and is very important parameter in environmental impact assessment of nuclear facility. The questionnaire was carried out for the purpose of utilizing for the proposal of the standard measuring method of distribution coefficient. This report is summarized the result of questionnairing on the sampling methods and storage condition, the pretreatment methods, the analysis items in the physical/chemical characteristics of the sample, and the distribution coefficient measuring method and the measurement conditions in the research institutes within country. (author)

  9. Adapted version of the mcgill pain questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fernando Kurita, Varoli; Vinícius, Pedrazzi.

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar o McGill Pain Questionnaire para a Língua Portuguesa falada no Brasil, visando sua validação científica. Inicialmente o questionário original foi traduzido por três tradutores juramentados, fluentes em Inglês e Português falado no Brasil. Estas três tra [...] duções foram meticulosamente analisadas por cinco profissionais da saúde (três cirurgiões-dentistas, um médico e um estudante de medicina), que selecionaram para cada descritor de dor, a tradução que melhor correspondia com o termo original em Inglês. O questionário resultante foi então aplicado a 80 sujeitos (20 professores, 20 graduandos, 20 funcionários e 20 pacientes, todos ligados à Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto - USP). Após adaptações visando um melhor entendimento dos descritores de dor, uma adaptação dos valores de intensidade de cada descritor de dor foi feita por 20 pós-graduandos e 20 graduandos em Odontologia, os quais foram solicitados a registrar a intensidade da dor para cada um dos descritores, com base na sua opinião pessoal. Além disso, eles preencheram a versão final do questionário traduzido a fim de identificar a persistência de possíveis dúvidas. O McGill Pain Questionnaire se mostrou um instrumento bastante útil na mensuração da dor, e a sua tradução e adaptação o tornou válido para sua utilização como instrumento de mensuração da dor em Português. Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to the present a translated version of the McGill Pain Questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese that adapted the original pain descriptors according to the Brazilian culture, aiming at its scientific validation. Initially, the original questionnaire was translated by 3 leg [...] ally recognized translators fluent in English and in Brazilian Portuguese. The translations were meticulously assessed by 5 health professionals (3 dentists, 1 physician and 1 medical student) who were asked to choose the best translation for each pain descriptor of the original questionnaire in English. The resulting questionnaire was applied to 80 subjects (20 professors, 20 dental students, 20 employees and 20 patients, all related to the School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo). After some adjustments to improve the understanding of the pain descriptors, an adaptation of the intensity values of each pain descriptor was done by 20 postgraduate dental students and 20 undergraduate dental students, who were asked to record, for each word, the pain intensity value based on their personal opinion. In addition, they were asked to fill out the final version of the questionnaire to identify any doubts. The McGill Pain Questionnaire proved to be a very useful tool for measuring pain, and its version in Brazilian Portuguese was validated to be used as an important diagnostic resource.

  10. Validation of a Brief Questionnaire Measuring Positive Mindset in Patients With Uveitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John A. Barry

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available AimIllness may impact the positivity of a person’s mindset. However, patients with visual impairment, such as uveitis, may struggle to complete questionnaires. The aim of this study was to validate a brief and simple measure of positive mindset in people with uveitis.MethodThis study was a cross-sectional survey of 200 people with uveitis. The Positive Mindset Index (PMI questionnaire uses six items to measure a patient’s happiness, confidence, sense of being in control, stability, motivation, and optimism. ResultsExploratory factor analysis revealed a well-fitting unidimensional factor structure (KMO = .898, with strong factor loadings (from .616 to .721 and excellent internal reliability (Cronbach’s ? = .926. The PMI showed strong concurrent validity with the mental health subscale of the SF-36 (r = .789 and good construct validity relative to the physical health subscale of the SF-36 (r = .468. Excellent test-retest reliability was seen (r = .806. Patients taking 10 mg or more corticosteroid daily had significantly lower PMI scores than those on a lower dose or no dose (t (170 = 2.298, p < .023.ConclusionThe PMI has good face validity and sound psychometric properties. It is a very brief and simple measure, thus user-friendly for patients with visual impairment, as well as researchers and others using the scale.

  11. Psychometric properties of the Persian language version of Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44) in Iranian general population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shams, Giti; Esmaili, Yaghoob; Karamghadiri, Narges; Ebrahimhkani, Narges; Yousefi, Youness; McKay, Dean

    2014-01-01

    The Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire-44 (OBQ-44), a self-report measure, was developed by the Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group (OCCWG) to assess beliefs considered relevant in the etiology and maintenance of obsessions and compulsions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian language version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (POBQ-44). A sample of 222 medical students from an Iranian university was used to assess the reliability and validity of the POBQ-44. The results indicated five factors: 1) general, 2) perfectionism, certainty, 3) responsibility and threat estimation, 4) importance and control of thoughts, 5) complete performance. Each of these factors was found to have adequate test-retest and internal consistency reliability. Each of the factors was associated with O-C symptoms. In addition, adequate convergent validity was found with a measure of obsessive compulsive symptoms, and discriminate validity was found with measures of depression and anxiety. PMID:24658991

  12. Factors influencing nurses’ job satisfaction in selected private hospitals in England

    OpenAIRE

    Rp, Lephalala

    2008-01-01

    The quantitative descriptive survey used self-completion questionnaires to study factors influencing nurses’ job satisfaction in selected private hospitals in England. Herzberg’s Theory of Motivation was used to contextualise the results obtained from 85 completed questionnaires.

  13. Development and initial validation of the Classroom Motivational Climate Questionnaire (CMCQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso Tapia, Jesús; Fernández Heredia, Blanca

    2008-11-01

    Research on classroom goal-structures (CGS) has shown the usefulness of assessing the classroom motivational climate to evaluate educational interventions and to promote changes in teachers' activity. So, the Classroom Motivational Climate Questionnaire for Secondary and High-School students was developed. To validate it, confirmatory factor analysis and correlation and regression analyses were performed. Results showed that the CMCQ is a highly reliable instrument that covers many of the types of teaching patterns that favour motivation to learn, correlates as expected with other measures of CGS, predicts satisfaction with teacher's work well, and allows detecting teachers who should revise their teaching. PMID:18940098

  14. Assessment of body image: psychometric properties of the Body Image Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penelo, Eva; Espinoza, Paola; Portell, Mariona; Raich, Rosa M

    2012-05-01

    This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Body Image Questionnaire (QÜIC) in Spanish adolescents. The sample comprised 254 girls and 189 boys, aged 12-15. Principal component analyses showed that the 18 satisfaction items could be summarized using two moderately interrelated dimensions, torso and head/limbs, with satisfaction with chest/breast and genitals loading on a different factor for boys (torso) and girls (head/limbs). The QÜIC measures of body satisfaction, body problems, general physical appearance and conformity with weight and height presented satisfactory test-retest reliability, internal consistency and convergent validity. Our findings support the use of the QÜIC when assessing body image. PMID:21930733

  15. Questionnaire survey of customer satisfaction for product categories towards certification of ergonomic quality in design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mochimaru, Masaaki; Takahashi, Miwako; Hatakenaka, Nobuko; Horiuchi, Hitoshi

    2012-01-01

    Customer satisfaction was surveyed for 6 product categories (consumer electronics, daily commodities, home equipment, information systems, cars, and health appliances) by questionnaires based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Analyzing weight of evaluation factors, the 6 product categories were reorganized into 4 categories, those were related to 4 aspects in daily living that formed by two axes: home living - mobility life and healthy life - active communication. It was found that consumers were attracted by the actual user test by public institutes for all product categories. The certification based on the design process standard established by authorities, such as EQUID was the second best attractor for consumers. PMID:22316844

  16. Questionnaire evaluating teaching competencies in the university environment. Evaluation of teaching competencies in the university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Antonio Moreno-Murcia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to design and validate a measuring instrument to evaluate the performance of university professors. The Evaluation of Teaching Performance (CEID [Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Docentes (Center for Teaching Studies and Research] questionnaire was administered to 1297 university students. Various factor analyses were performed (exploratory and confirmatory, of the internal consistency, descriptive statistics, and correlation of all of the items. The data obtained confirmed a suitable psychometric structure for the CEID scale, which was made up of three dimensions (planning, development, and result. It is therefore concluded that it is a valid and reliable instrument for evaluating the performance of a university professor.

  17. Prevalences of symptoms of asthma and other allergic diseases in korean children: a nationwide questionnaire survey.

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, S. I.; Shin, M. H.; Lee, H. B.; Lee, J. S.; Son, B. K.; Koh, Y. Y.; Kim, K. E.; Ahn, Y. O.

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to estimate the national prevalence of childhood asthma and other allergic diseases in Korea, and to determine potential risk factors for the diseases. Stratified random samples of 42,886 were selected from 34 elementary (6-12 yr olds) and 34 middle schools (12-15 yr olds) nationwide, and 38,955 were in the final analysis. The Korean-translated modified version of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire was used in this cross-se...

  18. Evaluation of adherence to oral antiviral hepatitis B treatment using structured questionnaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leesa Giang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To assess adherence rates to nucleos(tide analogues (NUCs therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection and determine factors associated with adherence. METHODS: The questionnaire study was conducted in the liver clinics at Concord Repatriation General Hospital. All patients who were currently taking one or more NUCs were asked to complete a structured, self-administered 32-item questionnaire. Adherence was measured using visual analogue scales. The patient’s treating clinician was also asked to assess their patient’s adherence via a structured questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 80 patients completed the questionnaire. Sixty six percent of the patients (n = 49 reported optimal adherence whilst 25 (33.8% graded their adherence to NUCs as suboptimal. Thirty four (43% patients reported to have omitted taking their NUCs sometime in the past. Recent non-adherence was uncommon. Amongst the patients who reported skipping medications, the most common reason cited was ”forgetfulness“ (n = 27, 56.25%. Other common reasons included: ran out of medications (n = 5, 10.42%, being too busy (n = 4, 8.33% and due to a change in daily routine (n = 5, 10.42%. Patients who reported low adherence to other prescription pills were also more likely to miss taking NUCs (P = 0.04. Patients who were under the care of a language-discordant clinician were also more likely to report suboptimal adherence to NUCs (P = 0.04. CONCLUSION: Adherence rates were much less than that expected by the physician and has potential adverse affect on long term outcome. Communication and education appear central and strategies need to be implemented to improve ongoing adherence.

  19. A pilot application of a questionnaire to evaluate visually induced motion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo G. Solimini

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Background: The increasing popularity of tri-dimensional (3D movies has raised public concern and media interest about the safety of projected images for spectators. No specific instrument exists to assess the occurrence of visually induced motion sickness (VIMS symptoms in 3D movie spectators in movie theaters.

    Methods: We developed a questionnaire containing 20 items divided into socio demographics, individual characteristics, movie vision characteristics and VIMS symptoms (during, right after, and at two hours from the viewing of the movie . The questionnaire was self administered to 38 subjects, asking them to report time taken for its completion, comments and eventual difficulties in interpreting items.

    Results: Poor understanding or problems in identifying the correct item choice were noted for 4 questions belonging to the socio demographics section that were simplified in the final version of the questionnaire. Two other questions were merged into one after homogeneity analysis. Most VIMS symptoms were observed during the movie and quickly thereafter. Tired eyes was the symptom most often reported (39.5% of responders followed by headache (18.4%, dizziness (18.4% and nausea (15.8%. Double vision and palpitation were reported with very low frequency (respectively 5.3% and 2.3% and vomit was not reported by any respondent. Homogeneity of symptom items was good (Cronbach alpha= 0.69. Reliability analysis showed satisfactory item-total correlations (alpha coefficient ranging from 0.61 to 0.73.

    Conclusions: The refined survey questionnaire can be applied in future studies to assess the frequency of VIMS symptoms in spectators of 3D movies and to identify the risk factors connected to inter-individual differences in susceptibility and to the characteristics of the movie viewing.

  20. Sahlgrenska Excess Skin Questionnaire (SESQ): a reliable questionnaire to assess the experience of excessive skin after weight loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biörserud, Christina; Nielsen, Christina; Staalesen, Trude; Elander, Anna; Olbers, Torsten; Olsén, Monika Fagevik

    2013-02-01

    There is a lack of knowledge and reliable measurement instruments to assess excess skin after massive weight loss. The purpose of this study was to test the reliability of a new self-administered questionnaire. A self-administered questionnaire, the Sahlgrenska Excess Skin Questionnaire (SESQ) was designed to assess excess skin after weight loss. The questionnaire includes 30 questions about demographic data, activity and daily life and excess skin on specific body parts and the body as a whole. Forward and backward translations were made by two independent professional translators, from Swedish to English and then back to Swedish. The questionnaire was tested on 10 patients from Sweden and England and was followed by an interview with each patient. Minor corrections were made. A test-retest was carried out to evaluate the reliability by sending the Swedish questionnaire to 46 subjects with weight loss after obesity surgery, dieting, or medication. The test-retest reliability of questions concerning activity and daily life between the two occasions had a Percentage Of Agreement (POA) of 49%-76% and a weighted Kappa of 0.44-0.78. The questions about the degree of excess skin on specific body parts had a POA of 50%-76% and a weighted Kappa of 0.53-0.81. Excess skin perceived as causing problems had a POA of 32%-57 %, an adjusted POA of 63%-87%, and an Intra-Class Correlation of 0.72-0.92. The SESQ is reliable for evaluating patients' experience of excess skin after massive weight loss. PMID:23190023

  1. VALIDACIÓN DEL BODY SHAPE QUESTIONNAIRE (CUESTIONARIO DE LA FIGURA CORPORAL) BSQ PARA LA POBLACIÓN COLOMBIANA / VALIDATION OF THE BODY SHAPE QUESTIONNAIRE (BSQ) FOR COLOMBIAN POPULATION

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    DIEGO, CASTRILLÓN MORENO; IRIS, LUNA MONTAÑO; GERARDO, AVENDAÑO PRIETO; ANDRÉS M, PÉREZ-ACOSTA.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizó la estandarización de la prueba Body Shape Questionnaire en población normal colombiana, al elegir un grupo de 1939 niñas, preadolescentes y adolescentes escolarizadas en siete colegios (cuatro públicos y tres privados), con edades comprendidas entre los 9 y 19 años, elegidas de forma ale [...] atoria en la ciudad de Popayán (Departamento del Cauca, Colombia). El promedio de edad fue de 14 años con una desviación estándar de 1.83 años. La elección se hizo por un muestreo estratificado por bloques, mediante el cual se seleccionó el 10% de las instituciones públicas y privadas de la población, y se tomó la muestra disponible en su totalidad. En este estudio se encontró que la prueba se divide en dos factores con una alta coherencia teórica que se podría esperar de un constructo en donde no sólo se habla de insatisfacción corporal en general, sino asociado la ganancia de peso corporal. No se estaría explorando, entonces, una característica dismórfica generalizada, sino aquélla asociada a la preocupación que causa el tener sobrepeso u obesidad. El primer factor se llamó Insatisfacción Corporal y el segundo Preocupación por el Peso. El método de estandarización usado fue el de validación de constructo a través del análisis factorial con rotación Varimax, que permitió obtener, altamente diferenciados, los dos factores mencionados anteriormente; es decir, se obtuvo un KMO (Kayser Meyer Olkin) de 0,98 y con una varianza de 52,3%. La consistencia interna se calculó por medio de un alfa de Cronbach, con coeficiente de correlación intraclase, con el que se obtuvo una medida de 0,95 para el instrumento en general, 0,95 para el primer factor y 0,92 para el segundo factor. Las puntuaciones se tipificaron en percentiles, estableciendo como punto de corte el percentil 85 que equivale a una puntuación directa de 59 para el factor de Insatisfacción Corporal, de 54 para el factor de Preocupación por el Peso y de 112 para la puntuación general. Abstract in english The standardization of the Body Shape Questionnaire test was performed on a typical Colombian population, consisting of a group of 1939 pre-teenager and teenager girls, aged between 9 and 19. The average age was 14, with a standard deviation of 1.83 years .The sample was randomly chosen from 7 schoo [...] ls (4 public and 3 private institutions), located in the city of Popayán (Cauca, Colombia). The study group was selected with the use of a stratified sampling method by blocks, choosing the 10% of the public and private institutions from the entire population and taking the total available sample. The findings of the study show that the test is divided into two factors that have high theoretical coherence. This could be expected from a construct which refers not only to corporal dissatisfaction in general, but that is associated with corporal weight gain. In consequence, the test would not be searching for a generalized dysmorphic characteristic but for one that is associated with concern about being overweight or obese. The first factor was called Corporal Dissatisfaction and the second, Concern about Weight. The standardization method used was construct validation through factorial analysis with Varimax rotation, resulting in a high differentiation between the two above mentioned factors. A KMO (Kayser Meyer Olkin) of 0.98 with a variance of 52.3% was yielded. The internal consistency was calculated by means of Cronbach alpha with intraclass correlation coefficient, yielding a measured value of 0.95 for the whole instrument, 0.95 for the first factor and 0.92 for the second factor. The scores were typified in percentiles, setting 85 as the cutting point, which is equivalent to a direct score of 59 for the Corporal Dissatisfaction factor, 54 for the Concern about Weight factor, and 112 for the general score.

  2. Product of questionnaire survey for durability of concrete (2). Comment to the questionnaire result; Anketo chosa kekka ni taisuru komento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, Hachiro [Taiheiyo Cement Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-04-10

    The committee of the durability expert committee, Hachiro Yoshida, who explained the above-mentioned questionnairing result on question and result of reply of 11 items. To begin with, he explained that according to this questionnaire, the admiration for the durability was high, and that It was clear to advance the examination with technical progress and change of the social environment. Next, he explained that by the advance on high range water reducing admixtures and belite cement matrix, the technology of high flow and high strength concrete spread, and that these technical progress rapidly improved the durability. Finally, he described that the establishment of reinforcement means and criterion for evaluation were important. (NEDO)

  3. Importance of questionnaire context for a physical activity question

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    JØrgensen, M. E.; SØrensen, Mette Rosenlund

    2013-01-01

    Adequate information about physical activity habits is essential for surveillance, implementing, and evaluating public health initiatives in this area. Previous studies have shown that question order and differences in wording result in systematic differences in people's responses to questionnaires; however, this has never been shown for physical activity questions. The aim was to study the influence of different formulations and question order on self-report physical activity in a population-based health interview survey. Four samples of each 1000 adults were drawn at random from the National Person Register. A new question about physical activity was included with minor differences in formulations in samples 1–3. Furthermore, the question in sample 2 was included in sample 4 but was placed in the end of the questionnaire. The mean time spent on moderate physical activity varied between the four samples from 57 to 100?min/day. Question order was associated with the reported number of minutes spent on moderate-intensity physical activity and with prevalence of meeting the recommendation, whereas physical inactivity was associated with the differences in formulation of the question. Questionnaire context influences the way people respond to questions about physical activity significantly and should be tested systematically in validation studies of physical activity questionnaires.

  4. Measurement Invariance of Expectancy-Value Questionnaire in Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Xihe; Sun, Haichun; Chen, Ang; Ennis, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    Expectancy-Value Questionnaire (EVQ) measures student expectancy beliefs and task values of the domain content (Eccles & Wigfield, 1995). In this study the authors examine measurement invariance of EVQ in the domain of physical education between elementary and middle-school students. Participants included 811 students (3rd-5th grades) from 13…

  5. Questionnaire of Executive Function for Dancers: An Ecological Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Alina; Rodriguez, Mabel; Quevedo, Liliana; de Cossio, Lourdes Fernandez; Borges, Ariel; Reyes, Alicia; Corral, Roberto; Blanco, Florentino; Alvarez, Miguel

    2012-01-01

    There is a current debate about the ecological validity of executive function (EF) tests. Consistent with the verisimilitude approach, this research proposes the Ballet Executive Scale (BES), a self-rating questionnaire that assimilates idiosyncratic executive behaviors of classical dance community. The BES was administrated to 149 adolescents,…

  6. Statistical Analysis of Questionnaire on Physical Rehabilitation in Multiple Sclerosis.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Martinková, Patrícia; ?asová, K.

    -, ?. 3 (2010), S340. ISSN 1210-7859. [Obnovené neuroimunologickjé a likvorologické dny. 21.05.2010-22.05.2010, Praha] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M06014 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : questionnaire * physical rehabilitation * multiple sclerosis Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  7. Development of a Comprehensive Heart Disease Knowledge Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, Hannah E.; Reeve, Bryce B.; Moser, Richard P.; Scholl, Sarah; Klein, William M. P.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Heart disease is the number one killer of both men and women in the United States, yet a comprehensive and evidence-based heart disease knowledge assessment is currently not available. Purpose: This paper describes the two-phase development of a novel heart disease knowledge questionnaire. Methods: After review and critique of the…

  8. Extreme Samples on the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Psychoticism Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loo, Robert; Shiomi, Kunio

    1983-01-01

    Examined the P scale of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire in three samples of normal Canadian and Japanese students who obtained either very high or very low means on the P scale. Psychometric problems were identified in the sample with a low P mean. Recommended that the scale be renamed. (JAC)

  9. Michigan High School Student Drug Attitudes and Behavior Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogg, Richard A.; And Others

    This questionnaire assesses drug use practices and attitudes toward drugs in high school students. The instrument has 59 items (multiple choice or completion), some with several parts. The question pertain to aspirations for the future, general attitudes and opinions, biographic and demographic data, family background and relationships, alcohol…

  10. Development and Validation of an Instructional Willingness to Communicate Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khatib, Mohammad; Nourzadeh, Saeed

    2015-01-01

    The current study was undertaken with the purpose of developing and validating a willingness to communicate (WTC) questionnaire for instructional language teaching and learning contexts. Six instructional WTC (IWTC) components were identified after (1) undertaking a comprehensive review of the literature on second language (L2) WTC and other…

  11. Assessing School Psychology Supervisor Characteristics: Questionnaire Development and Findings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flanagan, Rosemary; Grehan, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    The practice of supervision is crucial to the development of novice and future school psychologists. Given the changes in contemporary practice, it is valuable to determine the supports and continuing education opportunities that could benefit supervisors. One hundred forty-two school psychology supervisors completed a 34-item questionnaire that…

  12. Psychometric Properties of Shortened Versions of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netemeyer, Richard G.; Williamson, Donald A.; Burton, Scot; Biswas, Dipayan; Jindal, Supriya; Landreth, Stacy; Mills, Gregory; Primeaux, Sonya

    2002-01-01

    Derived shortened versions of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ) (S. Hollon and P. Kendall, 1980) using samples of 434 and 419 adults. Cross-validation with samples of 163 and 91 adults showed support for the shortened versions. Overall, results suggest that these short forms are useful in measuring cognitions associated with depression.…

  13. Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised: Psychometric Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Martie; Kaslow, Nadine J.; Weiss, Bahr; Nolen-Hoeksema, Susan

    1998-01-01

    The psychometric properties of the Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised (CASQ) (N. Kaslow and S. Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991) were studied with 1086 children, 9 to 12 years old. Results indicate the revised version to be somewhat less reliable than the original, but with equivalent criterion-related validity for self-reported depression.…

  14. The Sport Imagery Questionnaire for Children (SIQ-C)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, C. R.; Munroe-Chandler, K. J.; Fishburne, G. J.; Hall, N. D.

    2009-01-01

    Athletes of all ages report using imagery extensively to enhance their sport performance. The Sport Imagery Questionnaire (Hall, Mack, Paivio, & Hausenblas, 1998) was developed to assess cognitive and motivational imagery used by adult athletes. No such instrument currently exists to measure the use of imagery by young athletes. The aim of the…

  15. The Transformative Experience Questionnaire (TEQ): Spirituality in a Couples Context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansager, Erik; Eckstein, Daniel

    2002-01-01

    Religion and spirituality have long played important roles in the lives of couples and families within North American society. This article describes the Transformative Experience Questionnaire (TEQ), which provides an opportunity for couples to explore the role of spirituality in their own relationships. (Contains 25 references.) (GCP)

  16. Italian Version of the Self-Description Questionnaire-III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggi, Stefania

    2001-01-01

    Developed an Italian version of the Self-Description Questionnaire (SDQ-III) and studied the reliability and factorial validity of this translated instrument. Results show that the translated version has psychometric properties similar to those of the original English version. (SLD)

  17. A postal screening questionnaire in preventive geriatric care

    OpenAIRE

    Barber, J. H.; Wallis, Joan B.; Mckeating, Edith

    1980-01-01

    A postal questionnaire was introduced as a screening procedure for a comprehensive geriatric assessment programme in general practice. It had a response rate of 81 per cent, a sensitivity of 0·95, a specificity of 0·68, and a predictive value of 0·91. The use of this screening procedure could reduce the workload of an assessment programme by one fifth.

  18. Improving access for patients – a practice manager questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brown James S

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The administrative and professional consequences of access targets for general practices, as detailed in the new GMS contract, are unknown. This study researched the effect of implementing the access targets of the new GP contract on general practice appointment systems, and practice manager satisfaction in a UK primary health care setting. Methods A four-part postal questionnaire was administered. The questionnaire was modified from previously validated questionnaires and the findings compared with data obtained from the Western Health and Social Services Board (WHSSB in N Ireland. Practice managers from the 59 general practices in the WHSSB responded to the questionnaire. Results There was a 94.9% response rate. Practice managers were generally satisfied with the introduction of access targets for patients. Some 57.1% of responding practices, most in deprived areas (Odds ratio 3.13 -95% CI 1.01 – 9.80, p = 0.0256 had modified their appointment systems. Less booking flexibility was reported among group practices (p = 0.006, urban practices (p Conclusion The findings demonstrated the ability of general practices within the WHSSB to adjust to a demanding component of the new GP contract. Issues relating to the flexibility of patient appointment booking systems, receptionists' training and the development of the primary care nursing role were highlighted by the study.

  19. The Application of a Primary Science Delivery Evaluation Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewthwaite, Brian; Fisher, Darrell

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to apply a validated curriculum evaluation instrument, the "Science Curriculum Implementation Questionnaire" (SCIQ), in an educational context in which a science curriculum review had recently been completed and, by so doing, ascertain the accuracy and potential value of the instrument as a curriculum delivery…

  20. Validation of the Spanish version of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ for the assessment of acceptance in fibromyalgia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Juan V

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ. Pain acceptance is the process of giving up the struggle with pain and learning to live a worthwhile life despite it. The Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ is the questionnaire most often used to measure pain acceptance in chronic pain populations. Methods A total of 205 Spanish patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia syndrome who attended our pain clinic were asked to complete a battery of psychometric instruments: the Pain Visual Analogue Scale (PVAS for pain intensity, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS, the Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 (SF-36, the Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS and the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ. Results Analysis of results showed that the Spanish CPAQ had good test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.83 and internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's ?: 0.83. The Spanish CPAQ score significantly correlated with pain intensity, anxiety, depression, pain catastrophising, health status and physical and psychosocial disability. The Scree plot and a Principal Components Factor analysis confirmed the same two-factor construct as the original English CPAQ. Conclusion The Spanish CPAQ is a reliable clinical assessment tool with valid construct validity for the acceptance measurement among a sample of Spanish fibromyalgia patients. This study will make it easier to assess pain acceptance in Spanish populations with fibromyalgia.

  1. Father for the first time - development and validation of a questionnaire to assess fathers’ experiences of first childbirth (FTFQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Premberg Åsa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A father’s experience of the birth of his first child is important not only for his birth-giving partner but also for the father himself, his relationship with the mother and the newborn. No validated questionnaire assessing first-time fathers' experiences during childbirth is currently available. Hence, the aim of this study was to develop and validate an instrument to assess first-time fathers’ experiences of childbirth. Method Domains and items were initially derived from interviews with first-time fathers, and supplemented by a literature search and a focus group interview with midwives. The comprehensibility, comprehension and relevance of the items were evaluated by four paternity research experts and a preliminary questionnaire was pilot tested in eight first-time fathers. A revised questionnaire was completed by 200 first-time fathers (response rate?=?81% Exploratory factor analysis using principal component analysis with varimax rotation was performed and multitrait scaling analysis was used to test scaling assumptions. External validity was assessed by means of known-groups analysis. Results Factor analysis yielded four factors comprising 22 items and accounting 48% of the variance. The domains found were Worry, Information, Emotional support and Acceptance. Multitrait analysis confirmed the convergent and discriminant validity of the domains; however, Cronbach’s alpha did not meet conventional reliability standards in two domains. The questionnaire was sensitive to differences between groups of fathers hypothesized to differ on important socio demographic or clinical variables. Conclusions The questionnaire adequately measures important dimensions of first-time fathers’ childbirth experience and may be used to assess aspects of fathers’ experiences during childbirth. To obtain the FTFQ and permission for its use, please contact the corresponding author.

  2. Tradução, adaptação e validação do Relationship Questionnaire em jovens portugueses / Translation, adaptation and validation of the Relationship Questionnaire among portuguese young people / Traducción, adaptación y validación del Relationship Questionnaire en jóvenes portugueses

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria dos Anjos Coelho Rodrigues, Dixe; Helena da Conceição Borges Pereira, Catarino; Susana Margarida Rodrigues, Custódio; Cristina Maria Figueira, Veríssimo; Joana Alice da Silva Amaro Oliveira, Fabião; Maria da Conceição Gonçalves Marques Alegre de, Sá.

    2014-06-30

    Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Enquadramento: No âmbito das relações interpessoais, os relacionamentos amorosos assumem um significado especial no final da adolescência. Objetivos: Este estudo metodológico teve como principal objetivo traduzir e adaptar para a cultura portuguesa o Questionário do Relacionamento Amoroso. Metodolog [...] ia: Participaram 127 estudantes do ensino superior, selecionados por amostragem não probabilística intencional, tendo sido aplicado um questionário (questões relativas a características sociodemográficas e de relacionamento amoroso e o questionário de relacionamento amoroso). Resultados: Os resultados apontam para uma escala de 16 itens, distribuídos por 4 fatores (Relação possessiva, Relação controlo, Relação depreciativa e Relação destrutiva), que explicam 63,850% da variância. A matriz de correlação (?2 =840,544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO=0,815) garantem a adequação do modelo fatorial. Apresenta uma boa consistência interna (a de Cronbach de 0,847). Os dados confirmam o instrumento como rigoroso, fiável e válido. Os jovens apresentam uma qualidade de relacionamento saudável, sendo este relacionamento melhor nas raparigas que nos rapazes. Conclusão: Os resultados indiciaram estarmos perante um questionário fiável e válido para avaliar o relacionamento amoroso. Abstract in spanish Marco: En el ámbito de las relaciones interpersonales, las relaciones amorosas adquieren un significado especial al final de la adolescencia. Objetivos: El objetivo principal de este estudio metodológico ha sido traducir y adaptar a la cultura portuguesa el Cuestionario de Relaciones Amorosas. Metod [...] ología: Se contó con la participación de 127 estudiantes de enseñanza superior seleccionados por un muestreo no probabilístico intencional, y con un cuestionario (cuestiones relativas a las características sociodemográficas y de las relaciones amorosas, así como el cuestionario de relaciones amorosas). Resultados: Los resultados se reflejan en una escala de 16 ítems, distribuidos en 4 factores (relación posesiva, relación de control, relación de desprecio y relación destructiva), que explican el 63,850 % de varianza. La matriz de correlación ?2 = 840,544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO=0,815) garantizan la adecuación del modelo factorial. Asimismo, presenta una buena consistencia interna (a de Cronbach de 0,847). Los datos confirman que el instrumento es riguroso, fiable y válido. Las relaciones entre los jóvenes son por tanto sanas, aunque la calidad de estas es mejor en las chicas que en los chicos. Conclusión: Los resultados indican que nos encontramos ante un cuestionario fiable y válido de evaluación de las relaciones amorosas. Abstract in english Background: Within interpersonal relationships, romantic relationships take on a special meaning at the end of adolescence. Objectives: The main purpose of this methodological study was to translate and adapt the Relationship Questionnaire into the Portuguese culture. Methodology: A questionnaire (q [...] uestions related to socio-demographic characteristics and romantic relationships, as well as the relationship questionnaire) was applied to a sample composed of 127 higher education students, obtained using a non-probability purposive sampling. Results: Results showed a 16-item scale, distributed into four factors (Possessive relationship, Controlling relationship, Demeaning relationship, and Destructive relationship), which explained 63.850% of the variance. The correlation matrix (?²=840.544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure (KMO=0.815) ensured the adequacy of the factor model. The scale showed good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.847). Data confirmed that the instrument is accurate, reliable and valid. Young people have healthy relationships, though female students have better relationships than male students. Conclusion: Results indicated that this is a reliable and valid questionnaire to assess romantic relationships.

  3. Adaption and validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire for the Danish hospital setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristensen S

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Solvejg Kristensen,1–3 Svend Sabroe,4 Paul Bartels,1,5 Jan Mainz,3,5 Karl Bang Christensen6 1The Danish Clinical Registries, Aarhus, Denmark; 2Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark; 3Aalborg University Hospital, Psychiatry, Aalborg, Denmark; 4Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; 5Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark; 6Department of Biostatistics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Purpose: Measuring and developing a safe culture in health care is a focus point in creating highly reliable organizations being successful in avoiding patient safety incidents where these could normally be expected. Questionnaires can be used to capture a snapshot of an employee's perceptions of patient safety culture. A commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ. The purpose of this study was to adapt the SAQ for use in Danish hospitals, assess its construct validity and reliability, and present benchmark data.Materials and methods: The SAQ was translated and adapted for the Danish setting (SAQ-DK. The SAQ-DK was distributed to 1,263 staff members from 31 in- and outpatient units (clinical areas across five somatic and one psychiatric hospitals through meeting administration, hand delivery, and mailing. Construct validity and reliability were tested in a cross-sectional study. Goodness-of-fit indices from confirmatory factor analysis were reported along with inter-item correlations, Cronbach's alpha (?, and item and subscale scores.Results: Participation was 73.2% (N=925 of invited health care workers. Goodness-of-fit indices from the confirmatory factor analysis showed: c2=1496.76, P<0.001, CFI 0.901, RMSEA (90%CI 0.053 (0.050-0056, Probability RMSEA (p close=0.057. Inter-scale correlations between the factors showed moderate-to-high correlations. The scale stress recognition had significant negative correlations with each of the other scales. Questionnaire reliability was high, (?=0.89, and scale reliability ranged from ?=0.70 to ?=0.86 for the six scales. Proportions of participants with a positive attitude to each of the six SAQ scales did not differ between the somatic and psychiatric health care staff. Substantial variability at the unit level in all six scale mean scores was found within the somatic and the psychiatric samples.Conclusion: SAQ-DK showed good construct validity and internal consistency reliability. SAQ-DK is potentially a useful tool for evaluating perceptions of patient safety culture in Danish hospitals. Keywords: patient safety culture, questionnaire, validity, reliability, Denmark

  4. Psychometric properties of the Serbian version of the negative acts questionnaire - revised

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vukeli? Milica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R, together with its earlier version, The Negative Acts Questionnaire (NAQ, is one of the most utilized instruments for exploring workplace bullying, both in applied and scientific research. Contrary to its widespread use, there are a few published NAQ-R validation studies. In this paper we wanted to support developing grounds for future cultural analysis, comparison and development of the NAQ-R which was created as an instrument primarily for measuring workplace bullying in Anglo- American cultural settings. The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Serbian translation of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R by exploring its factor structure, internal consistency and criterion validity. The sample comprised 1710 employees from both private and public sector in Serbia. Principal component analysis revealed one component that explained almost 60% of the total variance. The Confirmatory factor analysis was carried out in order to test the one, two and three factor solutions suggested by the authors of the NAQ. The results of CFA confirmed all three solutions, but only fairly, as some of the fit indicators did not reach the expected values. Reliability analysis showed excellent internal consistency of the NAQ-R (Cronbach’s alpha=0.96. The significant correlations of the NAQ-R with job and organization related measures, and subjective health and well-being measures provided evidence of its construct validity. Higher correlations of the NAQ-R with a set of work related behaviors than the correlations with health related measures were in accordance with the nature of the phenomenon that is primarily focused on work-disabling behaviors. The results of this study showed acceptable psychometric properties of the Serbian translation of the NAQ-R. Obtained findings indicate that the future development of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised could follow two streams: one would be a further refinement of the uniform NAQ as a true cross-cultural measure that would generate comparable findings and the second one the development of separate national and/ or regional forms. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179018

  5. Cross-cultural adaptation of the instrument "Family Needs Questionnaire" / Adaptação transcultural do instrumento Family Needs Questionnaire / Adaptación transcultural del instrumento Family Needs Questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Edilene Curvelo, Hora; Regina Márcia Cardoso de, Sousa.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de estudo quantitativo de desenvolvimento metodológico sobre a adaptação transcultural do Family Needs Questionnaire (FNQ), instrumento estruturado, desenvolvido nos Estados Unidos, para medir as necessidades percebidas pelos membros da família, após o trauma cranioencefálico (TCE) de um fa [...] miliar. O propósito desse instrumento é identificar necessidades atendidas e não atendidas importantes para os familiares. A tradução e adaptação do FNQ seguiram metodologia própria que permitiu alcançar equivalência semântica, idiomática, cultural e conceitual do instrumento traduzido, denominado, em português, Questionário de Necessidades da Família. Os resultados da aplicação do questionário em 161 familiares mostraram que o conteúdo do instrumento é válido para medir, em nosso meio, as necessidades dos familiares que têm pessoas com TCE. Abstract in spanish Se trata de estudio cuantitativo de desarrollo metodológico sobre la adaptación transcultural del Family Neds Questionnaire (FNQ), instrumento estructurado, desarrollado en los Estados Unidos, para medir las necesidades percibidas por los miembros de la familia, después del trauma cráneo encefálico [...] (TCE) de un familiar. El propósito de ese instrumento es identificar necesidades atendidas y no atendidas importantes para los familiares. La traducción y adaptación del FNQ siguieron una metodología propia que permitió alcanzar equivalencia semántica, idiomática, cultural y conceptual del instrumento traducido, denominado, en portugués, Cuestionario de Necesidades de la Familia. Los resultados de la aplicación del cuestionario en 161 familiares mostraron que el contenido del instrumento es válido para medir, en nuestro medio, las necesidades de los familiares que tiene personas con TCE. Abstract in english This is a quantitative methodological development study on the cross-cultural adaptation of the "Family Needs Questionnaire" (FNQ), which is a structured instrument developed in the United States to measure the perceived needs of family members after the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) of a relative. T [...] his instrument aims to identify important needs presented by family members, whether met or not. The FNQ translation and adaptation followed a particular method, which permitted to achieve semantic, idiomatic, cultural and conceptual equivalence of the instrument version labeled in Portuguese as "Questionário de Necessidades da Família". The results of the questionnaire application to 161 family members showed that the instrument content is valid to measure the needs of families of patients with TBI in the Brazilian context.

  6. Cross-cultural adaptation of the instrument "Family Needs Questionnaire" Adaptación transcultural del instrumento Family Needs Questionnaire Adaptação transcultural do instrumento Family Needs Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilene Curvelo Hora

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This is a quantitative methodological development study on the cross-cultural adaptation of the "Family Needs Questionnaire" (FNQ, which is a structured instrument developed in the United States to measure the perceived needs of family members after the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI of a relative. This instrument aims to identify important needs presented by family members, whether met or not. The FNQ translation and adaptation followed a particular method, which permitted to achieve semantic, idiomatic, cultural and conceptual equivalence of the instrument version labeled in Portuguese as "Questionário de Necessidades da Família". The results of the questionnaire application to 161 family members showed that the instrument content is valid to measure the needs of families of patients with TBI in the Brazilian context.Se trata de estudio cuantitativo de desarrollo metodológico sobre la adaptación transcultural del Family Neds Questionnaire (FNQ, instrumento estructurado, desarrollado en los Estados Unidos, para medir las necesidades percibidas por los miembros de la familia, después del trauma cráneo encefálico (TCE de un familiar. El propósito de ese instrumento es identificar necesidades atendidas y no atendidas importantes para los familiares. La traducción y adaptación del FNQ siguieron una metodología propia que permitió alcanzar equivalencia semántica, idiomática, cultural y conceptual del instrumento traducido, denominado, en portugués, Cuestionario de Necesidades de la Familia. Los resultados de la aplicación del cuestionario en 161 familiares mostraron que el contenido del instrumento es válido para medir, en nuestro medio, las necesidades de los familiares que tiene personas con TCE.Trata-se de estudo quantitativo de desenvolvimento metodológico sobre a adaptação transcultural do Family Needs Questionnaire (FNQ, instrumento estruturado, desenvolvido nos Estados Unidos, para medir as necessidades percebidas pelos membros da família, após o trauma cranioencefálico (TCE de um familiar. O propósito desse instrumento é identificar necessidades atendidas e não atendidas importantes para os familiares. A tradução e adaptação do FNQ seguiram metodologia própria que permitiu alcançar equivalência semântica, idiomática, cultural e conceitual do instrumento traduzido, denominado, em português, Questionário de Necessidades da Família. Os resultados da aplicação do questionário em 161 familiares mostraram que o conteúdo do instrumento é válido para medir, em nosso meio, as necessidades dos familiares que têm pessoas com TCE.

  7. Developing nurse and physician questionnaires to assess primary work areas in intensive care units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashid, Mahbub; Boyle, Diane K; Crosser, Michael

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the study was to develop instruments for describing and assessing some aspects of design of the primary work areas of nurses and physicians in intensive care units (ICUs). Separate questionnaires for ICU physicians and nurses were developed. Items related to individual- and unit-level design features of the primary work areas of nurses and physicians were organized using constructs found in the literature. Items related to staff satisfaction and staff use of time in relation to primary work area design were also included. All items and constructs were reviewed by experts for content validity and were modified as needed before use. The final questionnaires were administered to a convenience sample of 4 ICUs in 2 large urban hospitals. A total of 55 nurses and 29 physicians completed the survey. The Cronbach ? was used to measure internal consistency, and factor analysis was used to provide construct-related validity. Convergent and discriminant validity were assessed through examining bivariate correlations between relevant scales/items. Analysis of variance was used to identify whether the between-group member responses were significant among the 4 units. The Cronbach ? values for all except 3 preliminary scales indicated acceptable reliability. Factor analysis indicated that some preliminary scales could be partitioned into subscales for finer descriptions of the primary work areas. Correlational analysis provided strong evidence of convergent and discriminant validity of all the scales and subscales. The significance level of F-statistics showed that the units were significantly different from each other, providing evidence of more between-unit variance than within-unit variance. Therefore, the questionnaires developed in the study offer a promising departure point for rigorous description and evaluation of the primary work areas in relation to staff satisfaction and use of time in ICUs at a time when the importance of such studies is growing. PMID:24896561

  8. Validity of a questionnaire measuring motives for choosing foods including sustainable concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sautron, Valérie; Péneau, Sandrine; Camilleri, Géraldine M; Muller, Laurent; Ruffieux, Bernard; Hercberg, Serge; Méjean, Caroline

    2015-04-01

    Since the 1990s, sustainability of diet has become an increasingly important concern for consumers. However, there is no validated multidimensional measurement of motivation in the choice of foods including a concern for sustainability currently available. In the present study, we developed a questionnaire that measures food choice motives during purchasing, and we tested its psychometric properties. The questionnaire included 104 items divided into four predefined dimensions (environmental, health and well-being, economic and miscellaneous). It was administered to 1000 randomly selected subjects participating in the Nutrinet-Santé cohort study. Among 637 responders, one-third found the questionnaire complex or too long, while one-quarter found it difficult to fill in. Its underlying structure was determined by exploratory factor analysis and then internally validated by confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was also assessed by internal consistency of selected dimensions and test-retest repeatability. After selecting the most relevant items, first-order analysis highlighted nine main dimensions: labeled ethics and environment, local and traditional production, taste, price, environmental limitations, health, convenience, innovation and absence of contaminants. The model demonstrated excellent internal validity (adjusted goodness of fit index?=?0.97; standardized root mean square residuals?=?0.07) and satisfactory reliability (internal consistency?=?0.96, test-retest repeatability coefficient ranged between 0.31 and 0.68 over a mean 4-week period). This study enabled precise identification of the various dimensions in food choice motives and proposed an original, internally valid tool applicable to large populations for assessing consumer food motivation during purchasing, particularly in terms of sustainability. PMID:25529817

  9. [Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Obsessive Belief Questionnaire-Children's Version in a non-clinical sample].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nogueira Arjona, Raquel; Godoy Ávila, Antonio; Romero Sanchíz, Pablo; Gavino Lázaro, Aurora; Cobos Álvarez, María Pilar

    2012-11-01

    The aim of this study was the adaptation to Spanish of the Obsessive Belief Questionnaire-Children's Version (OBQ-CV) in a non-clinical sample. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed the best fit for a model of three factors (Perfectionism/Certainty, Importance/Control of Thoughts, and Responsibility/Threat Estimation) and one higher-order factor. Moreover, results showed that the Spanish OBQ-CV is a reliable measure. This version also showed good criterion validity with obsessive-compulsive symptom measures and with scores of beliefs relevant to obsessive-compulsive disorder. Lastly, this version showed good divergent validity with depression and anxiety measures. PMID:23079369

  10. Earth is speaking: listen her! On-line questionnaire about anomalous geological and biological phenomena

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sciarra, Alessandra; Quattrocchi, Fedora; Cantucci, Barbara; Mazzarini, Francesco

    2014-05-01

    Earthquakes can be associated with non-seismic phenomena which may manifest many weeks before and after the main shock. These phenomena are characterized by ground fractures and soil liquefactions at surface often coupled with degassing events, chemical alterations of water and soils, changes in temperature and/or waters level in the epicentral area. Further manifestations include radio disturbances and light emissions. On the other hand, anomalous behavior of animals has been reported to occur before environmental changes. The co-occurrence of several phenomena may be considered as a signal of subsurface changes, and their analysis may be used as possible forecast indicators for seismic events, landslides, damages in infrastructure (e.g., dam) and groundwaters contamination. In order to obtain an accurate statistical analysis of these factors, a pre-crisis large database over a prolonged period of time is a pre-requisite. To this end, we elaborated a questionnaire for the population to pick up signs about anomalous phenomena like as: animal behavior, geological manifestations, effect on vegetation, degassing, changes on aquifers, wells and springs. After the January 25, 2013, mainshock (ML 4.8) in the Garfagnana seismic district, the Bagni di Lucca Municipality was selected as pilot site for testing this questionnaire. The complexity, variety and extension of this territory (165 kmq) sound suitable for this project. Bagni di Lucca is located in the southern border of the Garfagnana seismogenic source, characterized by the carbonate Mesozoic sequences and the Tertiary terrigenous sedimentary deposits of the Tuscan Nappe. The questionnaire was published on Bagni di Lucca web site (https://docs.google.com/file/d/0Bzw3vOYX47XoTGltTVJRbkJuajA/edit) in collaboration with Municipal Commitee, Local Civil Protection and Local Red Cross, and sent by ordinary mail to the citizenry. It is possible to answer to the questionnaire, also anonymously, direct on line (https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1LVNVQFzMoJJfNxp2eSPAc4pcwj4_qIdbAnvbCWGyXy8/viewform?pli=1), calling the Local Civil Protection or Local Red Cross, and by mail. In a second time, an application for Smartphone and Tablets will be developed to allow a faster reply. The questionnaire, constituted by eleven questions and organized in four macro-themes (i.e. animal behavior, geological factors, vegetation anomalies and hydrogeological changes) has been published in June 2013 and will remain on-line for several years. Indeed, the social perception is not fully trustworthy during and soon after an earthquake. So far this is the first attempt to acquire data during quiescent times for comparison with post-seismic ones. This approach may provide clues to identify phenomena properly linked to the event. This questionnaire can be a useful tool to educate population not only about earthquake precursors but also to recognize the "Earth language". Submitted testimonies will be statistically analyzed evidencing the specific responses to the different phenomena in space and time. On the basis of obtained results the questionnaire project could be extended to national level.

  11. Validity of the international physical activity questionnaire and the Singapore prospective study program physical activity questionnaire in a multiethnic urban Asian population

    OpenAIRE

    Shyong, Tai E.; Salim Agus; Wu Yi; Gitau Ngunjiri Susan Ayuko; Nang Ei Ei Khaing; Lee Jeannette; Van Dam Rob M

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Physical activity patterns of a population remain mostly assessed by the questionnaires. However, few physical activity questionnaires have been validated in Asian populations. We previously utilized a combination of different questionnaires to assess leisure time, transportation, occupational and household physical activity in the Singapore Prospective Study Program (SP2). The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) has been developed for a similar purpose. I...

  12. Development of the Oldenburg Epistemic Beliefs Questionnaire (OLEQ), a German Questionnaire Based on the Epistemic Belief Inventory (EBI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paechter, Manuela; Rebmann, Karin; Schloemer, Tobias; Mokwinski, Bjoern; Hanekamp, Yvonne; Arendasy, Martin

    2013-01-01

    The present research describes the development of a German questionnaire for measurement of domain-general epistemic beliefs. Pre-studies on the psychometric properties of a German version of the Epistemic Beliefs Inventory (EBI) had emphasized the necessity to develop an instrument that is especially constructed for German-speaking samples. The…

  13. The Adaptive Behaviour Dementia Questionnaire (ABDQ): Screening Questionnaire for Dementia in Alzheimer's Disease in Adults with Down Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasher, V.; Farooq, A.; Holder, R.

    2004-01-01

    The diagnosis of dementia in Alzheimer's disease remains at times problematic in adults with intellectual disability. The analysis of 5-year consecutive data developed a researched-based clinical screening tool for dementia in Alzheimer's disease in adults with Down syndrome. The Adaptive Behaviour Dementia Questionnaire (ABDQ) is a 15-item…

  14. Imagery Assessment through Self-Report: What Do Imagery Questionnaires Measure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiscock, Merrill

    1978-01-01

    Examined imagery questionnaires and addressed issues of reliability, agreement among questionnaires, social desirability, and construct validity. The Betts and Gordon scales and the Paivio Individual Differences Questionnaire were examined. Reliability of the Paivio inventory was satisfactory and equivalent to other imagery questionnaires. Imagery…

  15. An empirical comparison of the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) and the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRQ) in a clinical trial setting

    OpenAIRE

    Rutten-van Mo?lken, M. P. M. H.; Roos, B.; Noord, J. A.

    1999-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) and the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) are the two most widely used quality of life questionnaires in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A study was undertaken to compare directly the self-administered version of the CRQ and the SGRQ with respect to feasibility, internal consistency, validity, and sensitivity to changes resulting from b...

  16. Identifying influential factors on integrated marketing planning using information technology

    OpenAIRE

    Karim Hamdi; Hossein Vazifehdust; Maryam Gheitasi

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical investigation to identify important factors influencing integrated marketing planning using information technology. The proposed study designs a questionnaire for measuring integrated marketing planning, which consists of three categories of structural factors, behavioral factors and background factors. There are 40 questions associated with the proposed study in Likert scale. Cronbach alphas have been calculated for structural factors, behavioral factors and ...

  17. Assessment of the Wilson Sex Fantasy Questionnaire among child molesters and nonsexual forensic offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumgartner, Jerome V; Scalora, Mario J; Huss, Matthew T

    2002-01-01

    The Wilson Sex Fantasy Questionnaire (WSFQ; Wilson, 1978) is a 40-item self-report questionnaire that assesses 4 types of sexual fantasies: Exploratory, Intimate, Impersonal, and Sadomasochistic. The goal of the present study was to examine the differences between child molesters (n = 64) and nonsexual offenders (n = 41) on the WSFQ. Comparisons included the four underlying factors, 2 factors associated with the fantasizer's role in the fantasy (active vs. passive), and 2 items most closely related to sexual molestation behavior. Results found that molesters reported higher scores on the Exploratory and Intimate subscales, as well as overall fantasy. Scores on the Impersonal and Sadomasochistic subscales were not significantly different. Molesters also reported higher scores on fantasies where they were the actor, and higher scores on fantasies most closely related to sexual molestation behavior. Subsequent analyses found that both offender groups reported significantly lower levels of fantasies than college comparison subjects and noncriminal sexual deviants. Differences among the 2 study groups are discussed in terms of social and cognitive characteristics of molesters. PMID:11803593

  18. Assessment of a new questionnaire for self-reported sun sensitivity in an occupational skin cancer screening program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steinebrunner Beatrix

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sun sensitivity of the skin is a risk factor for the development of cutaneous melanoma and other skin cancers. Epidemiological studies on causal factors for the development of melanoma must control for sun sensitivity as a confounder. A standardized instrument for measuring sun sensitivity has not been established yet. It is assumed that many studies show a high potential of residual confounding for sun sensitivity. In the present study, a new questionnaire for the assessment of self-reported sun sensitivity is administered and examined. Methods Prior to an occupational skin cancer screening program, the 745 participating employees were asked to fill in a questionnaire for self-assessment of sun sensitivity. The questionnaire was developed by experts of the working group "Round Table Sunbeds" (RTS to limit the health hazards of sunbed use in Germany. A sun sensitivity score (RTS-score was calculated using 10 indicators. The internal consistency of the questionnaire and the agreement with other methods (convergent validity were examined. Results The RTS-score was calculated for 655 study participants who were 18 to 65 years of age. The correlation of the items among each other was between 0.12 and 0.62. The items and the RTS-score correlated between 0.46 and 0.77. The internal consistency showed a reliability coefficient with 0.82 (Cronbach's alpha. The comparison with the Fitzpatrick classification, the prevailing standard, was possible in 617 cases with a rank correlation of rs = 0.65. The categorization of the RTS-score in four risk groups showed correct classification to the four skin types of Fitzpatrick in 75% of the cases. Other methods for the assessment of sun sensitivity displayed varying agreements with the RTS-score. Conclusion The RTS questionnaire showed a sufficient internal consistency. There is a good convergent validity between the RTS-score and the Fritzpatrick classification avoiding shortcomings of the prevailing standard. The questionnaire represents a simple, reliable and valid instrument for the assessment of sun sensitivity. The questionnaire can be useful for epidemiological studies as well as for skin cancer prevention. Further development and standardization of sun sensitivity assessments is necessary to strengthen the evidence of epidemiological studies on causal factors of melanoma and other skin cancers.

  19. Work-related stress assessment in a population of Italian workers. The Stress Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mucci, Nicola; Giorgi, Gabriele; Cupelli, Vincenzo; Gioffrè, Pier Agostino; Rosati, Maria Valeria; Tomei, Francesco; Tomei, Gianfranco; Breso-Esteve, Edgar; Arcangeli, Giulio

    2015-01-01

    The present study shows detailed information about the reliability and validity of the psychosocial risk scale included in the Stress Questionnaire (SQ) developed by our research group. The primary purpose of this work is to test the factor structure of the psychosocial risk scale through a first-order confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using a large pooled dataset obtained from a population of 2026 employees of 15 Italian medium-large companies. Data were collected by a team of researchers who examined demographic variables, work-related stress, workplace bullying, mental health and other constructs. In addition to these substantive issues, the survey was designed to better understand response bias. After the evaluation of the results we conclude that the psychosocial risk scale reported a satisfactory reliability and validity. In addition, it allowed a careful measurement of work related stress, considering both leader's and follower's perspectives. PMID:25305329

  20. Psychometric evaluation of the gambling self-efficacy questionnaire with treatment-seeking pathological gamblers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winfree, Walter R; Ginley, Meredith K; Whelan, James P; Meyers, Andrew W

    2014-12-01

    Gambling-related self-efficacy has been shown to correspond with treatment success and maintenance of treatment gains. Accordingly, there is a need for gambling assessment measures that have been validated with treatment-seeking individuals. In this study, we reported on the evaluation of a measure of perceived self-efficacy to control gambling behavior in high-risk relapse situations, the Gambling Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (GSEQ; May, Whelan, Steenbergh, & Meyers, 2003). Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses provided some support for the original single-factor solutions, but also suggested the presence of individual patterns of self-efficacy across high-risk situations. The GSEQ demonstrated convergence with indices of problem-gambling severity and scores on the measure significantly increased across a brief cognitive-behavioral intervention. The sensitivity and specificity were evaluated and the findings supported that an average self-efficacy rating of 70% corresponded with indices of pathological gambling. PMID:25180557

  1. [Questionnaires on male sexual dysfunction and their clinical application].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Yang; Wang, Tao; Liu, Ji-Hong

    2014-09-01

    With the increasing incidence and prevalence of male sexual dysfunction, andrologists are more and more in need of accurate and efficient tools to assess therapeutic efficacy and patients' satisfaction and to help patients achieve satisfactory treatment results. This article summarizes some of the most commonly used questionnaires for the diagnosis and assessment of the treatment of male sexual dysfunction, including International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), Erection Hardness Score (EHS), Quality of Erection Questionnaire (QEQ), Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction (EDITS), Treatment Satisfaction Scale (TSS), Self-Esteem and Relationship (SEAR), Premature Ejaculation Profile (PEP), Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT), Index of Premature Ejaculation (IPE), Arabic Index of Premature Ejaculation (AIPE), Aging Male Symptoms Scale (AMS), Androgen Deficiency in the Aging Male (ADAM), and Symptomatic Inventory for Screening Late-Onset Hypogonadism in Males (SILOH), and presents an overview on their clinical application. PMID:25306815

  2. Development and preliminary validation of the 'Caring for Country' questionnaire: measurement of an Indigenous Australian health determinant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunthorpe Wendy

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background 'Caring for Country' is defined as Indigenous participation in interrelated activities with the objective of promoting ecological and human health. Ecological services on Indigenous-owned lands are belatedly attracting some institutional investment. However, the health outcomes associated with Indigenous participation in 'caring for country' activities have never been investigated. The aims of this study were to pilot and validate a questionnaire measuring caring for country as an Indigenous health determinant and to relate it to an external reference, obesity. Methods Purposively sampled participants were 301 Indigenous adults aged 15 to 54 years, recruited during a cross-sectional program of preventive health checks in a remote Australian community. Questionnaire validation was undertaken with psychometric tests of internal consistency, reliability, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory one-factor congeneric modelling. Accurate item weightings were derived from the model and used to create a single weighted composite score for caring for country. Multiple linear regression modelling was used to test associations between the caring for country score and body mass index adjusting for socio-demographic factors and health behaviours. Results The questionnaire demonstrated adequate internal consistency, test-retest validity and proxy-respondent validity. Exploratory factor analysis of the 'caring for country' items produced a single factor solution that was confirmed via one-factor congeneric modelling. A significant and substantial association between greater participation in caring for country activities and lower body mass index was demonstrated. Adjusting for socio-demographic factors and health behaviours, an inter-quartile range rise in caring for country scores was associated with 6.1 Kg and 5.3 Kg less body weight for non-pregnant women and men respectively. Conclusion This study indicates preliminary support for the validity of the caring for country concept and a questionnaire designed to measure it. This study also highlights the importance of investigating Indigenous-asserted health promotion activities. Further studies in similar populations are merited to test the generalisability of this questionnaire and to explore associations with other important Indigenous health outcomes.

  3. The In-Out dispositional affective style questionnaire (IN-OUT DASQ: an exploratory factorial analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ViridianaMazzola

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The issue of individual differences has always been an important area of research in psychology and, more recently, neuroimaging. A major source of interindividual variability stems from differences in basic affective dispositions. In order to make a contribution to this field of research, we have developed a new type of assessment - the In-Out Dispositional Affective Style Questionnaire (IN-OUT DASQ - to measure the proneness between two different ways of feeling situated: a predominantly body-bound one in the case of the inward tendency and an externally anchored one in the case of the outward tendency (Arciero and Bondolfi, 2009. The IN-OUT DASQ contains 2 scales of 7 items each, Self-centric engagement (SCE and Other-centric engagement (OCE, as a disposition index for inwardness and outwardness respectively. The exploratory factor analysis in sample 1 (n= 292 confirmed a two-factor solution. Confirmatory factor analysis in sample 2 (n= 300 showed the good fit of this two-factor model. Next, we examined construct validity also investigating the correlations between the IN-OUT DASQ, the Big Five Questionnaire and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule in sample 3 (n=153. The SCE and OCE scales had robust internal consistency and reliability, and therefore the capacity to discriminate higher inward and outward participants was stronger in SCE. Although further validation research is required, the present study suggests the IN-OUT DASQ has the potential to be a measurement tool for detecting individual differences in social behavior and social affective neuroscience.

  4. Demotivating factors influencing rubber production workers

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Reza Iravani

    2012-01-01

    Motivation is one of the most important factors influencing workers' productivity. An increase in workers' motivation could add more value to organizations' structure and influence the profitability, significantly. In this paper, we study different factors on demotivating workers using questionnaire consist of various questions. The questionnaire is distributed among some employees who work for rubber production units located in Esfahan, Iran. The results of this survey indicate that discrimi...

  5. Demotivating factors influencing rubber production workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Iravani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Motivation is one of the most important factors influencing workers' productivity. An increase in workers' motivation could add more value to organizations' structure and influence the profitability, significantly. In this paper, we study different factors on demotivating workers using questionnaire consist of various questions. The questionnaire is distributed among some employees who work for rubber production units located in Esfahan, Iran. The results of this survey indicate that discrimination on annual job compensation, entrusting responsibilities and unpleasant relationship with family partner are some of the most important factors influencing employees' motivation. While financial factors play important role on increasing employees' motivation, non-financial factors are considered more important.

  6. The Beverage Intake Questionnaire: Initial Validity and Reliability

    OpenAIRE

    Hedrick, Valisa E.; Comber, Dana L.; Estabrooks, Paul A.; Savla, Jyoti; Davy, Brenda M.

    2010-01-01

    Consumption of energy-containing beverages may lead to weight gain, yet research investigating this issue is limited. An easily-administered beverage intake assessment tool could facilitate research on this topic. The purpose of this cross-sectional investigation was to determine the validity and reliability of a self-administered beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ), which estimates mean daily intake of beverages consumed (g, kcals) across 19 beverage categories. Participants (n=105; aged 39...

  7. Emotional intelligence and the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ)

    OpenAIRE

    AdrianFurnham

    2014-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between the Bar-on EQ-I and the Occupational Personality Questionnaire OPQ32i to determine if there is a link between self- and other-reported Emotional Intelligence and personality traits. Data was obtained from 329 managers working in the IT and Finance sectors and included multi-source (360 degree) measures of Emotional Intelligence. Results indicated construct overlap and correlations between some elements of Emotional Intelligence and the OPQ32i wit...

  8. EYSENCK'S PERSONALITY QUESTIONNAIRE SCORES OF HEROIN ADDICTS IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Sahasi, G.; Chawla, H. M.; Bhushan, Bharat; Kacker, Chitra

    1990-01-01

    One hundred and ten male heroin addicts were administered ‘Eysenck Personality Questionnaire’ a self reporting measure. High scores on psychoticism, neuroticism and lie scale and low scores on extroversion in heroin addicts as compared to normal controls (n=50) were observed in this study which were comparable with those reported earlier. Further, it appears that high neuroticism scores are more consistent feature of heroin addicts than deviation on extraversion. Also an attempt to uncove...

  9. Translation and validation of the Greek chronic liver disease questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Zoi Kollia, Evridiki Patelarou

    2010-01-01

    AIM: To translate into Greek and validate the chronic liver disease questionnaire (CLDQ).METHODS: Two hundred and six consecutive adult patients with the diagnosis of a chronic liver disease from 2 general hospitals in Athens were enrolled in the study from May to September 2008. In order to assess their quality of life (QOL) the CLDQ was applied. The instrument was translated from English, back translated and reviewed in focus groups within the framework of a large multicenter study. The mea...

  10. Meditation Effect on Human Brain Compared with Psychological Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Mingqian Liu; Nugraha Priya Utama

    2014-01-01

    Mindfulness meditation has been taken as a method to release the short and long terms of stress and anxiety. A questionnaire was investigated to measure the effect of mental change as well as the changing of brain signals while doing the mindfulness meditation. Ten healthy-young participants were recruited to investigate the effect of mindfulness meditation compare with self-relaxation. Brain activities from participants were recorded during practicing mindfulness meditation using Electroence...

  11. Reliability and Validity of the Neurorehabilitation Experience Questionnaire for Inpatients

    OpenAIRE

    Kneebone, Ii; Hull, Sl; Mcgurk, R.; Cropley, M.

    2012-01-01

    Background. Patient-centered measures of the inpatient neurorehabilitation experience are needed to assess services. Objective. The objective of this study was to develop a valid and reliable Neurorehabilitation Experience Questionnaire (NREQ) to assess whether neurorehabilitation inpatients experience service elements important to them. Methods. Based on the themes established in prior qualitative research, adopting questions from established inventories and using a literature review, a draf...

  12. Nutrition education: a questionnaire for assessment and teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Feinman Richard D; Makowske Mary

    2005-01-01

    Abstract It is generally recognized that there is a need for improved teaching of nutrition in medical schools and for increased education of the general population. A questionnaire, derived in part from a study of physician knowledge, was administered to first year medical students in order to assess their knowledge of various aspects of nutrition and metabolism, and as a teaching tool to transmit information about the subject. The performance of first year students was consistent with a gen...

  13. Validation of the OMNI RPE Seven Day Exertional Recall Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schafer, Mark A.; Robertson, Robert J.; Thekkada, Savitha J.; Gallagher, Michael, Jr.; Hunt, Sarah E.; Goss, Fredric L.; Aaron, Deborah J.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The present study examined the validity of the Seven Day Recall Questionnaire among recreationally active men and women. Method: Initially, participants completed a level walk (2.5 mph [4.0 kph]), hill walk (3.5 mph [5.6 kph], 5% grade), and run (5.0 mph [8.0 kph], 2.5% grade). Seven days later, participants were given the Seven Day…

  14. Preliminary psychometric properties of the Diabetic Care Teacher Support Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Bele?ndez Va?zquez, Marina; Bermejo Alegri?a, Rosa Mari?a; Ros Lo?pez, Mari?a Del Carmen; Hidalgo Montesinos, Mari?a Dolores; Me?ndez Carrillo, Francisco Javier

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this pilot study was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Diabetic Care Teacher Support Questionnaire, a 31-item self-report instrument to assess diabetic children’s perceptions of the diabetes specific support received from their teachers at school. A total of 121 school-aged children with diabetes (8-14 years) participated in the study. Analysis revealed an appropiate internal consistency. This instrument is a new development in the area of childhood di...

  15. SKIP SEQUENCING: A DECISION PROBLEM IN QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGN

    OpenAIRE

    Manski, Charles F.; Molinari, Francesca

    2008-01-01

    This paper studies questionnaire design as a formal decision problem, focusing on one element of the design process: skip sequencing. We propose that a survey planner use an explicit loss function to quantify the trade-off between cost and informativeness of the survey and aim to make a design choice that minimizes loss. We pose a choice between three options: ask all respondents about an item of interest, use skip sequencing, thereby asking the item only of respondents who ...

  16. Eating disorder examination questionnaire: norms for young adolescent girls.

    OpenAIRE

    Carter, Jc; Stewart, Da; Fairburn, Cg

    2001-01-01

    This paper reports young adolescent female norms for the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q). The standardization sample was comprised of 808 girls aged between 12 and 14 years from three single-sex schools (one private and two state schools). Means, standard deviations and percentile ranks for raw EDE-Q subscale scores are presented. Prevalence figures for key eating disorder behaviors over the previous two weeks were as follows: 4% self-induced vomiting; 1% laxative misuse; 0....

  17. Improving access for patients – a practice manager questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meade, James G; Brown, James S

    2006-01-01

    Background The administrative and professional consequences of access targets for general practices, as detailed in the new GMS contract, are unknown. This study researched the effect of implementing the access targets of the new GP contract on general practice appointment systems, and practice manager satisfaction in a UK primary health care setting. Methods A four-part postal questionnaire was administered. The questionnaire was modified from previously validated questionnaires and the findings compared with data obtained from the Western Health and Social Services Board (WHSSB) in N Ireland. Practice managers from the 59 general practices in the WHSSB responded to the questionnaire. Results There was a 94.9% response rate. Practice managers were generally satisfied with the introduction of access targets for patients. Some 57.1% of responding practices, most in deprived areas (Odds ratio 3.13 -95% CI 1.01 – 9.80, p = 0.0256) had modified their appointment systems. Less booking flexibility was reported among group practices (p = 0.006), urban practices (p < 0.001) and those with above average patient list sizes (p < 0.001). Receptionists had not received training in patient appointment management in a quarter of practices. Practices with smaller list sizes were more likely than larger ones to utilise nurses in seeing extra patients (p = 0.007) or to undertake triage procedures (p = 0.062). Conclusion The findings demonstrated the ability of general practices within the WHSSB to adjust to a demanding component of the new GP contract. Issues relating to the flexibility of patient appointment booking systems, receptionists' training and the development of the primary care nursing role were highlighted by the study. PMID:16784530

  18. Cigarette advertising and onset of smoking in children: questionnaire survey.

    OpenAIRE

    While, D.; Kelly, S.; Huang, W.; Charlton, A.

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate uptake of smoking in a cohort of 11 to 12 year olds related to awareness of advertised cigarette brands named. DESIGN: Self completed questionnaires administered to whole classes of schoolchildren in June 1993 and June 1994. SETTING: Primary, middle, and secondary schools in the north and south of England. SUBJECTS: 1450 pupils aged 11 and 12 years at the time of the first survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Onset of smoking and brands smoked by the second survey related ...

  19. The Development of the Problematic Online Gaming Questionnaire (POGQ)

    OpenAIRE

    Demetrovics, Zsolt; Urba?n, Ro?bert; Nagygyo?rgy, Katalin; Farkas, Judit; Griffiths, Mark D.; Pa?pay, Orsolya; Ko?ko?nyei, Gyo?ngyi; Felvinczi, Katalin; Ola?h, Attila

    2012-01-01

    This kind of general spectrum questionnaire was born from two early initiatives [11,20]. However, psychometric characteristics of these tools were revealed only to a very limited extent. Research exploring problems in connection with video games [12,21], either offline or online, can be regarded as related attempts. Characteristics of these games and the gamer populations differ greatly from those of Massively Multiplayer Online Games (MMOG) [22]. It is therefore both essential and necessary ...

  20. Sensitivity to change of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anholt, Gideon A; van Oppen, Patricia; Cath, Danielle C; Emmelkamp, Paul M G; Smit, Johannes H; van Balkom, Anton J L M

    2010-01-01

    The Obsessive-Compulsive Beliefs Questionnaire-87 (OBQ-87) has been constructed by leading obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) experts to assess dysfunctional beliefs typical for OCD patients. The OBQ-87 has recently been revised (Obsessive-Compulsive Beliefs Questionnaire-44 [OBQ-44]) to improve its psychometric properties. The current investigation entailed two goals: (1) to assess the sensitivity of both Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ) versions to treatment change and other OCD measures; and (2) to assess relations between symptom subtypes, OBQ beliefs and changes in beliefs as a consequence of treatment. One hundred and four patients have completed the OBQ before and after 12 sessions of behaviour therapy. Results suggest that (1) both OBQ versions exhibit an identical medium effect size; (2) overlap between clinical and non-clinical populations limit the use of the OBQ as a primary measure of treatment change; and (3) the symptom dimension obsessions + checking was related to initial OBQ scores, but no symptom dimensions were related to OBQ pre-treatment to post-treatment changes. PMID:19658124