British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.
This profile in outline form of the English language teaching situation in Sweden discusses the role of English within Swedish society and within the Swedish educational system. The status of English as the principal foreign language since 1945 for use in business, the media and tourism is pointed out. The system of English instruction in the…
Critical Language Awareness (CLA) is an approach to language teaching based on a critical sociocultural theory of language and critical discourse analysis. CLA has a great relationship with English language teaching, but there are few articles talking about it. So the author here will present her understanding of the relationship between CLA and English language.
Qi Pan; Runjiang Xu
Vocabulary is one of the three essential components that constitute language knowledge, and vocabulary teaching is an essential part in English language teaching. In this paper, we discuss some vocabulary teaching strategies, so as to help the memorizing of vocabulary and enhance the efficiency of vocabulary teaching and learning.
Full Text Available English education in India has largely depended on the teaching of literature. It is only in the recent years that there has been a shift of emphasis from teaching literature to language. The relationship between literature and English language teaching has been rather a difficult marriage throughout all these years. In many situations while English language teaching adopted a structural approach, literature was taught as a separate subject. Nevertheless, current approaches have endeavored to reexamine the value of literature and have begun to uphold its worth again. These approaches assert the value of literature teaching from several aspects, primarily, literature as an agent for language development and improvement. Literature is a verbal art that leads readers to appreciate the beauty of language. Literature is used in English Language teaching to broaden students' horizons by giving them a knowledge of the classics of literature, to improve students' general cultural awareness, to stimulate students' creative and literary imagination and to develop their appreciation of literature. Literary texts offer a rich source of linguistic input and can help learners to practice the four language skills – listening, speaking, reading and writing – in addition to exemplifying grammatical structures and presenting new vocabulary. The Literary texts provide opportunities for multi-social classroom experiences and can appeal to learners with different learning styles. Literature is beginning to be viewed as an appropriate vehicle for language learning and d
Selvi, A. F.; Yazan, B.
English has unquestionably become a global phenomenon, generating a fundamental discussion of EIL pedagogy for English language teaching practitioners around the world. Teaching English as an International Language captures this important moment in the history of English language teaching. Readers will find an accessible introduction to the past,…
Wu Qixuan; Zhao Shuncai
Language is closely related to culture. Language expresses and embodies cultural reality, in the meantime, culture exerts enormous influences on language. Therefore, language learning is often culture learning. The author, based on the negligence of culture teaching in English language classes, illustrates the influences of cultural knowledge on reading, translating and intercultural communicating, and proposes suggestions on culture teaching in English language teaching (ELT).
This study discusses English as an international language and English teaching in China. Concerning this subject, the paper elaborates the following seven aspects:the concept and features of English as an international language, emergence of new varieties of Englishes, emergence of new varieties of Englishes, the impact of economic globalization on the scope of the English language, the controversy of English standardization and localization, English localization in China and the revelation of English globalization to English teaching.
This article centers on one of the widely discussed teaching approaches: Communicative Language Teaching (CLT).Language is a means of communication. Undoubtedly, foreign language teaching is to cultivate students' communicative competence of using a foreign language. China, as the country with the largest population learning English in the world, is extensively involved in ommunicative language teaching. Communicative approach in English language teaching is frequently discussed and debated.
This paper highlights the impact of gender differences in English Language Teaching. It explores students’ learning styles as affected by the notions about men and women differences in communication. The data collected in 2008 from 20 males and 20 females’ English students of the State University of Makassar. It is to reveal their attitudes towards speaking to different sex, strategy to express opinion, group work preferences, activeness/passiveness, and their perception to increase English s...
Vásquez, Anete; Smith, Philip C
This thoroughly revised and updated edition of Teaching Language Arts to English Language Learners provides readers with the comprehensive understanding of both the challenges that face ELLs and ways in which educators might address them in the language arts classroom. The authors offer proven techniques that teachers can readily use to teach reading, writing, grammar, and vocabulary as well as speaking, listening, and viewing skills. A complete section is also devoted to ways teachers can integrate all five strands of the language arts curriculum into a comprehensive unit of study w
Zhang, Xue-wei; Yan, Ying-jun
It's obvious that the teaching situation and teaching methods used in English Language Teaching (ELT) in China need to be changed to involve culture instead of language knowledge only. To further explain the importance of culture teaching, teachers need to know to what extent cultural background knowledge influences language learning and teaching,…
Daskalovska, Nina; Ivanovska, Biljana
This handbook for English language students presents the major teaching methods and approaches that have been used in English language teaching and learning. It is divided into two parts. Part I gives an overview of first and second/foreign language acquisition theories, such as the behaviourist, the innatist, the cognitive, the interactionist and the creative-construction theory. Part II describes the English language teaching methods and approaches that have been popular at different times ...
Reyes, Sharon Adelman
This book provides guidelines for using constructivist teaching methods with English language learners and includes classroom examples, grade-level connections, and strategies that promote educational equity.
Full Text Available This paper highlights the impact of gender differences in English Language Teaching. It explores students’ learning styles as affected by the notions about men and women differences in communication. The data collected in 2008 from 20 males and 20 females’ English students of the State University of Makassar. It is to reveal their attitudes towards speaking to different sex, strategy to express opinion, group work preferences, activeness/passiveness, and their perception to increase English skills dealing with sex difference. It is revealed that female than male students were reluctant to speak to different sex; females preferred the direct way to express opinions (writing, work with the same sex, and tended to be passive in class. In addition, females saw the high possibility to increase their English skills by working with the same sex but the reverse is true for males. These different styles of female and male students in learning English were affected by the notions of women’s language.
In this paper, we introduce the theoretical background of Jazz Chants and its definition, and then discuss the application of Jazz Chants in English Language Teaching, esp. the methods, including the definition of Jazz Chants, the methods which could be applied in the teaching, how to teach different chants to the students in different ages, and its effects in language acquisition.
Language is not only part of culture, but also the carrier. The relationship between them decides the important role of culture teaching in language teaching. However, some problems still exist in college English teaching. For example, classroom English teaching time is not enough for culture teaching; English learners’native language thinking has negative transfer in the target language learning, etc.. In order to solve these problems, this paper tends to discuss whether English teaching should put an emphasis on Big-C Culture or Little-c Culture.
Language is a means of communication. Communicative Language Teaching is an effective approach for English teaching and learning .This paper, first of all, introduces Communicative Language Teachings’ background and the basis theory of CLA. Then it analyzes the primary principles and the goal of Communicative Language Approach. Finally, it put forward that communicative language teaching is best considered an approach rather than a method.
This paper illustrates the definition and classification of pragmatic failure, causes of pragmatic failure and relation between pragmatic failure and English language teaching based on cross-cultural communication and pragmatic theory. It analyses students' pragmatic failure during their learning English and communicating with native speakers of English in detail, points out that English language teaching should take communicative culture and training students' pragmatic competence as main points. When teachers of English improve students' speech competence, they also should let students know the close relation between cultural differences and pragmatic differences and cross-cultural communication. Thus they should improve students' pragmatic competence to reduce their pragmatic failure.
Varghese, Manka M.; Johnston, Bill
Evangelical Christians are an enduring and growing presence in the field of English language teaching worldwide and in the TESOL organization in particular. Yet to date, hardly any empirical research has been done on this population of teachers or on the links between English teaching, religious beliefs, and missionary work. This article reports…
Teacher can change subject matter from prose to poetry, from essay writing to letter writing to prevent the class from monotonous routine. Audio-Visual aids can add to the presentation of the topic. Students can be encouraged to listen to English news and Key words: English teaching, language teaching, role of teacher
BADEA ELENA CODRUTA
Full Text Available In the last two decades, legal English has attracted increasing interest and awareness, especially because English is predominantly the language of international legal practice. Legal English must be seen in the overall context of English for Specific Purposes , as it shares the important elements of need analysis, syllabus design, course design, and materials selection and development which are common to all fields of work in ESP. As with other varieties of ESP, Legal English implies the definition of a specific language corpus, usages of various teaching strategies and emphasis on particular kinds of communication in a specific context.The article aims to highlight some aspects of teaching legal English by a non-native teacher who is not an expert in law. It particularly focuses attention on the development of basic communication skills and the use of lexical approaches in successful language acquisition in legal English.
Grammar is an important part of language learning. In order for students to have a functional knowledge of a language (in other words, that they can spontaneously produce language) they must have at least some knowledge about the grammatical con⁃structs of the language in question. How grammar can be taught? Considering various second language teaching methods, teaching grammar through Communicative Language Teaching Approach is the most talked. Emphasis in this article is put on the applica⁃tion of Communicative Language Teaching Approach in grammar teaching in college English classes.
@@ Language is a part of culture and plays a very important role in it.Some social scientists consider it the keystone of culture.Language and culture evolved together and have been mutually development through their history.The rise of civilization and the development of writing exhibit the same kind of mutual dependenee.Much of the recent work has revealed that language is related to cognition,and cognition in turn is related tO the cultural setting.1 would like to put forwards three principles to teach culture in English language teaching.Now I gladly have the opportunity to exchange my view with you.
English language teaching textbooks (or coursebooks) play a central role in the life of a classroom. This edited volume contains research-informed chapters focusing on: analysis of textbook content; how textbooks are used in the classroom; and textbook writers' accounts of the materials writing, design, and publishing process.
@@ Classroom language is an extremely important form of talk.In a foreign language classroom,the teacher has to organize language teaching by using the target language.Therefore,classroom language in foreign language teaching seems more important.
Full Text Available A hedge is a mitigating word or sound used to lessen the impact of an utterance. It can be an adjective, for example, â€˜Small potato me is not as strong as youâ€™; or an adverb: â€˜I maybe can swim faster than youâ€™, while it can also consist of clauses, that it could be regarded as a form of euphemism which should be taught as a main topic in English class of schools around the world. For instance, in Hong Kong schools, based on my observation while teaching in a number of primary and secondary English courses as a tutor, students report that their school teachers usually emphasize the teaching of all cohesive devices in terms of skills of writing while they neglect to explain the importance of the use of hedges in order to show euphemism. In this study, I would adopt Corpus Linguistics, a division of applied linguistics, as methodology to discover a great deal of hedges employed by so-called native speakers of English, for promoting the idiomatic usage of hedges in writing, nevertheless in speaking, so as to help teachers gain resources and inspiration in teaching to students the appropriate English hedges as a consequence of the authorâ€™s hard effort while revealing from the selected corpora of this paper.
With the invention and development of computer, Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) and multimedia have been made possible in English language learning and teaching throughout the world. Wikipedia is one of the most popularly used in English language learning and teaching. However, Wikipedia has not been widely used in mainland China up to now. This paper intends to introduce the ways of using Wikipedia in English language learning and teaching.
The paper first shortly presents the basic postulates of cognitive linguistics, including A. Goldberg's construction grammar, as an important theory developing within the cognitive linguistic approach to the grammatical level of language structure.Then it moves on to examine the ways the various theoretical insights of cognitive linguistics can practically be applied to language teaching at English departments, with the focus being primarily on the syntactic and the lexical levels. Apart from...
Chinh, Nguyen Duc
The focus of culture in English language teaching (ELT) has traditionally been on the target culture of English speaking countries. However, the new status of English as international language (EIL) has led to significant changes in the practice of teaching and learning culture in ELT. Rather than relying on the paradigm of native speaker…
The development and wide spread of English language has led to the internationalization and localization of English language, during which English language is widely used in international communications by people with different mother tongues, in addition, English variations on different levels and local varieties have emerged. In consideration to the changes above, this paper aims to, firstly, examine the status of English language as an international language (ELL); secondly, explore the future of English language teaching (ELT) in China under a global context.
Body language, as the most important nonverbal communication method, is a kind of silent language that people use their appearances, actions, gestures to express their thoughts and feelings. It is the innovation in English teaching field and this ad-vanced teaching method is very popular in Chinese-English teaching nowadays. It plays the key role to the success of the English teaching class. In this paper, the concept of body language and its importance, concrete utilization in English teaching have been further discussed.
ELT is in a flux, but certain exploratory and empirical studies reported a decade or two ago have potential for adaptation. The articles in the volume not only offer a substantive and methodological perspective for teachers and educators in relevant facets of ELT but also present international and comparative dimensions of applied language teaching practices. The contributing teacher-researchers reflect on learners' proficiency and their performances, errors in the usage of conjunctions, idiomatic expressions, vocabulary learning, rhetorical structures in everyday English use, functional appli
This paper elaborates the concept and characteristics of body language and emphasizes the function of body language in English teaching. The usages of the eyes, facial expressions, the senses of touch and gestures, which can set off the content of the English course, make English teaching attain a new state that is full of feeling. Usually, it can arise the students'interest in English studying. Meanwhile, this paper gives us some rune tional suggestions and conclusions.
Dr. T. Karunakaran
Full Text Available The paper addresses the brief history of English language teaching (ELT methods in general and the type of ELT methods. It also presents the recent research on English language teaching methods and the debates that move towards the post-method pedagogy in second language teaching/learning. The paper deals with the brief summary of the methods and approaches in language teaching from Grammar-translation method to Communicative Language Teaching. It also looks the debate on post-method pedagogy.
A discussion of the state of second language education and English teaching in Britain focuses on the role of applied linguistics in the field. Four major points are made: that (1) books on language are not common in the syllabi of language teacher education; (2) current philosophies on language teaching appear to be either reactionary or romantic…
Communicative Language Teaching ( CLT) can promote learners’ communicative competence in the target language, and it can definitely contribute to the English education reform in China. However, some problems of adopting CLT can not be ignored.
The ultimate goal of foreign language teaching is to enable the students to use the foreign language in work of life when necessary. Thus we should teach language in the way that is used in the real world. But the basic precondition is that learner must be interested in foreign language. In my opinion, during the English learning process,“interest is the best teacher”. But many students don’t like to learn English, the reason is that they are not interested in English. Therefore, a suc-cessful language teacher must know how to raise students’interest in learning English, make them enjoy learning English. In addition, the language teaching method is very important, it must renew continuously, teachers should use the vivid and diverse teaching method to organize students to participate in extensive language practice activities, so as to improve stu-dents’study enthusiasm.
BADEA ELENA CODRUTA
In the last two decades, legal English has attracted increasing interest and awareness, especially because English is predominantly the language of international legal practice. Legal English must be seen in the overall context of English for Specific Purposes , as it shares the important elements of need analysis, syllabus design, course design, and materials selection and development which are common to all fields of work in ESP. As with other varieties of ESP, Legal English implies the def...
Liu, Na; Lin, Chih-Kai; Wiley, Terrence G.
Since the 1980s, China has represented one of the major growth areas in the world for English language education, and studying English has been a priority among its foreign language educational policies. As English has gained more popularity in China, some have noted the potential value of English as a means to greater educational access and…
Siddiqie, Shamsun Akhter
The treatment of culture in foreign language textbooks is comparatively a new trend in English Language Teaching (ELT) which is based on the growing consensus that language textbooks should attempt to raise students' awareness of international culture as well as that of their own. Being influenced by this thought, Bangladesh too like many other…
Larry; E.Smith; Graham; Crookes; Frank; Tang
Creativity and innovation in English language teaching(ELT)are frequently discussed and debated. Recently the Ministry of Education(MOE)of China has urged the development of a system,which en- hances creative ability in students at all levels. Hawaii’s East-West Center in collaboration with the Ohana Foundation implemented an educational re- search activity designed to assess the current needs and best practices for English language teaching and learn- ing at the middle school level in China.The project focused on increasing creativity and innovation in English language education and used case studies of successful English language teaching/learning as the unit of analysis. Researchers from both China and the United States were involved with the analysis and made rec- ommendations for implementing innovative approach- es to English language instruction and on how to in- crease creativity in teacher training,curriculum de- velopment,and the use of appropriate technology.
Mahmoud, Montasser Mohamed AbdelWahab
This article discusses the relationship between culture and English language teaching (ELT) in the Arab World. A critical question arises in terms of ELT, that is, whether to teach culture along with English. To answer such a bewildering question, this article presents related literature and studies and discusses a theoretical frame based on…
This article is about the ways of teaching English as a second language that can be learned at classrooms on the bases of new pedagogical technologies with having taking into consideration the national aspect, i.e. influencing native language and typical mistakes and difficulties in learning English by foreign students.
Ioana Claudia Horea
Teaching English as a foreign language requires very different approaches if we consider the recipients of the didactic process. Concerning the practical aspects of the primary task of a language instructor, namely teaching, skills of all sorts are required in order to be able to use best methods and most appropriate resources and up to date materials and devices. Moreover, to teach students of your own mother tongue is one very distinct thing from teaching foreigners. These two categories, n...
SHI Hong-mei; Katherine Barnhouse Purgason; DING Zhi-bin
This paper focuses on the applicability of an extensive reading program to teaching English as a foreign language in Chi-na, and analyzes the feasibility of its implementation through a literature review.
The shrinking U.S. labor pool has caused employers to hire more immigrants with the result that the language problem has become a work place problem. More and more employers are being forced to provide English-as-a-second-language training to their employees. (JOW)
The current English teaching in colleges is still characterized by the adoption of the traditional teaching method,which is known as the 3Ps approach(presentation,practice,production)and in which student participation and interaction are quite limited. Task-based language teaching(TBLT),a further development of communicative language teaching,seems to satisfy such demands by converting the communicative language teaching principles into a practical classroom teaching model. There are six important principles of designing tasks. Based on the principles of designing tasks a procedure for TBLT can be proposed.
With the continual reform of language teaching and learning methods.teachers are in great demand to organize the classes in English and create English-learning circumstances.However,with the limitation of students vocabulary,teachers have to simplify their teaching hnguage with the help of facial expressions and body movements.In this article,the possibility and the effect of using body language in listening,speaking,reading and writing will be further discussed.
Alsagoff, Lubna; Hu, Guangwei; Renandya, Willy A
What general principles should inform a socioculturally sensitive pedagogy for teaching English as an International Language and what practices would be consistent with these principles? This text explores the pedagogical implications of the continuing spread of English and its role as an international language, highlighting the importance of socially sensitive pedagogy in contexts outside inner circle English-speaking countries. It provides comprehensive coverage of topics traditionally included in second language methodology courses (such as the teaching of oral skills and grammar), as well
Spoken English is one of the most practical skill that students need to obtain. It is an important link in English Teaching. However, there exist many problems in Spoken English Teaching in China and one of the most serious problems is that it lacks sufficient practice. According to the interaction hypothesis, second language acquisition occurs when learners interact in conversation with native speakers. So, interaction also plays a crucial role in Spoken English Teaching. Based on the interaction hypothesis, this paper presents some new insights for improving Spoken English Teaching and discusses its enlightenment in Spoken English Teaching Classroom. And this thesis also gives a detailed explanation of the hypothesis’s importance in SLA.
There have been many different theories and schools of thought over the years when it comes to methods of teaching English and reading. Since the majority of the population seems to read automatically and learns to read with little direct instruction, this tends to give the misconception that systematic reading instruction is unnecessary. Thankfully, studies conducted in the last decade have shown not only the benefits but also the necessity of explicit phonics instruction for a solid English...
This paper is to reveal some connotative differences inEnglish and Chinese. Ignorance of connotative difference mayresult in difficulty or even failure in cross-culturalcommunication. Therefore, the author proposes that somecomparative studies be made to find out, with the same referencein both English and Chinese, what connotations are shared byboth English and Chinese and what are unique either in Englishor in Chinese, as is illustrated in this paper, so as to contributeto teaching English in China. Finally, the author sincerelyhopes his discussion in this paper could sensitize the dictionarymakers or textbook compilers still further to the needs of theChinese learners of English. It is they, he believes, who needhelp the most from some such dictionaries or textbooks.
From a national language to a world lingua franca, English is playing a more and more important role in the world. Great changes in English today have also raised peoples’ concerns about its mutual intelligibility in the global context as so many people speak different Englishes. The aim of this paper is to discuss the norm of Standard English and the paper elaborates further on the English Language Teaching issues in China today.
Önem, Evrim; Ergenç, Iclal
Much research has shown that there is a negative relationship between high levels of anxiety and success for English language teaching. This paper aimed to test a model of teaching for anxiety and success in English language teaching to affect anxiety and success levels at the same time in a control-experiment group with pre- and post-test study…
David Nunan's dynamic learner-centered teaching style has informed and inspired countless TESOL educators around the world. In this fresh, straightforward introduction to teaching English to speakers of other languages he presents teaching techniques and procedures along with the underlying theory and principles. Complex theories and research studies are explained in a clear and comprehensible, yet non-trivial, manner without trivializing them. Practical examples of how to develop teaching materials and tasks from sound principles provide rich illustrations of theoretical constructs.
This new edition of Teach EFL is the ultimate practical reference guide to becoming an EFL teacher. "Riddell''s book is a classic - it answers all those questions new language teachers have....covers an amazing amount in a clear accessible way.". David Carr, Director of Teacher Training. International House London. This book is packed with information on:. -effective teaching techniques. -sound classroom management. -practical lesson planning. -successful job hunting and career development. This is an indispensable book for all new EFL teachers: a step-by-step guide on what to teach and how to teach it. This edition has been fully revised to include:. -insights from teachers working around the world. -up-to-date information on technology as an aid to learning. -comprehensive information on the increasingly popular task-based learning. -invaluable advice on making the transition from learning to teaching. -clear guidance on ongoing professional development. -useful examples of teaching in different internation...
Pennington, Martha C
Phonology in English Language Teaching is an introductory text, specifically directed at the needs of language teachers internationally. Combining an overview of English phonology with structured practical guidance, this text shows how phonology can be applied in the classroom.An introductory chapter provides the philosophical framework, followed by separate chapters on the phonology of consonants, vowels and prosody. As well as presenting core material on English phonology, the book explores the relationship of orthography to the English sound system from a historical and a pre
Nowadays,culture teaching is more emphasized in language teaching. But less attention is paid to the influence of pop culture in language teaching. The important role of pop culture in middle school English language teaching will be discussed in this thesis through its correlation with some factors in English language teaching.
In the traditional intensive English classroom, the teacher plays the dominant role; he is the lecturer who is interested in presenting language items, the organizer of teaching and learning activities, and the assessor of learners' performance.Students are usually bench-bound listeners. They watch the teacher explaining language points and giving samples, take
Fluency and accuracy are the target of learning English. Both of them have important role for the students who learn English. Consequently, a teacher should consider fluency and accuracy of the English used by the students in the classroom. It means that teaching English should teach both linguistics and communicative competence. To teach lingusitics competence, a teacher can use Grammar Translation Method (GTM). Furthermore, a teacher needs Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) Method to tea...
Ioana Claudia Horea
Full Text Available Teaching English as a foreign language requires very different approaches if we consider the recipients of the didactic process. Concerning the practical aspects of the primary task of a language instructor, namely teaching, skills of all sorts are required in order to be able to use best methods and most appropriate resources and up to date materials and devices. Moreover, to teach students of your own mother tongue is one very distinct thing from teaching foreigners. These two categories, namely students of the same mother tongue as their teacher and foreigners, have two things in common, namely: first, they are the subjects on whom the activity of teaching English is to be applied and second, this language is not their native tongue. These facts can thus be reduced to one idea: addressing to recipients of EFL teaching. Still, there is a big difference between teaching the first category mentioned, those who have the same mother tongue as the teacher and teaching the second category, foreigners, to whom not even the vaguest hints can be provided in other language than English. There comes a new challenge, an extra endeavour for an even more special approach. This study undertakes to present some of the distinctions entailed at the level of teaching methods and to parallel the diverse methodological approaches for the two situations presented. Are the four skills that language acquisition assumes to be taught distinctly and shall the approaches in each particular situation differ from one case to the other or not too much? It takes some distinct features to be or, better saying, to become a teacher of languages; and to teach English as foreign language to foreigners is a new development within this typology, a diverse dimension. New levels of character traits are instinctively reached by instructors in order to better cope, unconsciously, psychologically and emotionally, with the upgraded’ challenges.
The ultimate goal of foreign language teaching is to enable the students to use the foreign language in work of life when necessary.Thus we should teach language in the way that is used in the real world.But the basic precondition is that learner must be interested in foreign language.In my opinion,during the English learning process,"interest is the best teacher".But many students don’t like to learn English,the reason is that they are not interested in English.Therefore,a successful language teacher must know how to raise students’interest in learning English,make them enjoy learning English.In addition,the language teaching method is very important,it must renew continuously,teachers should use the vivid and diverse teaching method to organize students to participate in extensive language practice activities,so as to improve students’study enthusiasm.
Diéguez Marcos, Miriam
This MA dissertation focuses on the teaching of the English language through the use of literature. The main purpose is to use the literary text as a resource which enhances the acquisition of the foreign language by means of different activities that allow students the enjoyment of literature while they notice that there are other ways of learning English.
This paper makes a brief analysis on the approach of the Task-based English Language Teaching.Task based language teaching approach is a very useful method which is commonly used in English language learning classroom for second language learners.During the several English teaching in the experimental English class,the author states a brief analysis on the language acquisition approach applied in the students reading,writing,listening and speaking.
In this paper, the author reviews the history of English language teaching English as a second or foreign language in schools and colleges in Nepal. Teaching English language and literature in Nepal is of about a half a decade, starting from the mid of twentieth century. English learners in Nepal do not have enough exposure to various techniques…
Li he ying; Niululu
With the continuous reform of English teaching,Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) comes out and is promoted.The author introduces and analyzes the meaning of TBLT,studies its' function in English teaching to find out its'necessity.
Li; he; ying; Niu; lulu
With the continuous reform of English teaching,Task-based Language Teaching(TBLT) comes out and is promoted.The author introduces and analyzes the meaning of TBLT,studies its’ function in English teaching to find out its’ necessity.
Alina Nicoleta Padurean
The goal of this study is to determine the most appropriate methods and techniques used for Teaching English to children with special educational needs and to determine whether they should take the courses in foreign languages in mainstream education or with a supporting teacher. The study is based on a questionnaire applied to teachers of English and on questionnaires answered by children with special educational needs and children without learning difficulties. The theoretical part covers s...
Demiroz, Hakan; Yesilyurt, Savas
Studies conducted so far have mainly focused on investigating the characteristics of effective foreign language teachers to understand the role of teacher effectiveness in the process of language learning, while there is scarcity of studies focusing on the perceptions of the characteristics of effective foreign language teaching of the students of…
Sato, Takahiro; Hodge, Samuel R.
The purpose of the current study was to describe and explain the views on teaching English Language Learners (ELLs) held by six elementary physical education (PE) teachers in the Midwest region of the United States. Situated in positioning theory, the research approach was descriptive-qualitative. The primary sources of data were face-to-face…
Atai, Mahmood Reza; Mazlum, Farhad
The present study investigates English language teaching (ELT) curriculum planning in Iran's Ministry of Education and its implementation by teachers. We studied programme evaluation; needs analysis; the ELT-specific documents; communication channels between planning and practice levels; teacher evaluation and student assessment;…
Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) is considered to be one of the ‘best methods’ for English language teaching since it was introduced into China. This paper mainly talks about the feasibility study of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) from both positive and negative aspects in Chinese College English teaching environment, and further studies why Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) can be integrated with College English in China.
Matsuda, Aya, Ed.
This book critically examines current ELT practices vis-a-vis the use of English as an international lingua franca. It bridges the gap between theoretical discussion and the practical concerns of teaching English as an international language (EIL), and presents diverse approaches for preparing competent users of English in international contexts.…
Sri Rejeki Murtiningsih
The article aims to review English language teaching to speakers of other languages and other related aspects such as the use of technology and the first language in classroom practices. As the need for English language competency develops, efforts to support students learning also change. In addition to the teaching techniques, the technology development has also gained attention for improving effective teaching and learning. Because English is a language that is not used in daily communi...
Full Text Available Educational technologies have contributed greatly to the improvement of the process of education. Besides contributing to education directly, the development in new technologies made it almost compulsory to bring new approaches in teaching methods. Among these contributions can be mentioned the application of Internet Technologies in teaching. There is an ever-increasing positive impact on learning of combining technological materials with teaching methods, or using them as teaching materials. Electronic concept mapping can be considered as a teaching method to raise motivation and meaningfulness with its features being contextual, visual, multi-dimensional and interactive. Concept maps are of significant structure in language teaching because of their cognitive complexity, coherence and taxonomic organization. As concepts are contextual in English, this will create an appropriate atmosphere for it to be learnt together with its phonetic and linguistic structure. In this study a model of e-concept maps has been used as an alternative teaching method.
Ankara : The Department of Teaching English as a Foreign Language, Bilkent University, 2010. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 2010. Includes bibliographical references leaves 77-82. Korkmaz, Hüsem Master's
ARVIND VASANTRAO DESHMUKH
Multimedia teaching method has been used in college English teaching wider and wider. It has contributed a lot to higher teaching quality. Chalk and Talk teaching method is not enough to teach English effectively. We should change our teaching ideas and recognize its impersonal attribute as one kind of teaching method. Thus we can utilize modern education technology reasonably to fulfill the target of college English teaching.
Nicolas Robert Hurst
This paper examines the role of illustrations in the context of English Language Teaching (ELT) coursebooks produced in Portugal. Taking illustrations to be one pilar in the construction of meaning through the representation of culture, the discussion shifts between their use over the last 35 years and their potential as a source of innovation and improvement in this area of ELT materials development. The central issue relates to the need for illustrations to perform s...
From illustrating the significance of cultural elements in vocabulary teaching, and the ctmtparison of some major differences between English and Chinese words, this paper emphasizes the indivisible relationship between vocabulary and culture. International cultural exchange occurring more and more often, this paper attempts to guide students to better understand the cultural connotation of vocabulary, enhance their awareness towards the target culture, improve their comtprehensive language skills, and, develop their cross-cultural communicative ctmtpetence.
Groundbreaking in the ways it makes new connections among emotion, critical theory, and pedagogy, this book explores the role of students' and teachers' emotions in college instruction, illuminating key literacy and identity issues faced by immigrant students learning English in postsecondary institutions. Offering a rich blend of, and interplay between, theory and practice, it asks: How have emotions and affect been theorized from a critical perspective, and how might these theories be applied to English language teaching and learning? What do complex and shifting emotions, such as hope, disa
Full Text Available –This paper considers the pedagogical content knowledge (PCKthat Indonesian teachers require to implement the 2013 Curriculum and develop their junior high school learner’s written English effectively, as mandated by the Regulation Number 16/2007. Based on the commonalities of the PCK components in international and Indonesian teaching of English as a foreign language, the components of PCK comprise knowledge of learners, subject matter, general pedagogy, and curriculum. Following manifest-latent content analysis principles, this study identified that this regulation defines and derives the concept of PCK into what it calls teachers’ four competencies, namely pedagogical, professional, personal, and social competencies.
There has been much debate on the topic of language input and language output in College English teaching in China. This paper based on the Krashen＇s Input Hypothesis and Swain＇s Output Hypothesis to discuss the problems that existed in the college language teaching. It also put forward some suggestions learned from the two theories to improve the college language teaching quality and make students achieve the balance of language competence.
Language plays a crucial role in the development of human society. It is the main means of communication between individuals, groups and countries. Nowadays in China, more and more people are learning English as a second language. What is the effective method of learning a foreign language becomes their chief concern. Basically speaking, four modules are involved in the process of second language acquisition. They are listening, reading, writing and speaking. In English language teaching and ...
In the Philippines, English is an official language. It is used as a medium of instruction. Yet, most Filipinos learn English as an additional language because they have various mother tongues. The diverse linguistic backgrounds of Filipinos create a challenge for both English teachers and learners of English as an additional language. As all linguists continue to think of innovative ways to teach English to speakers of Filipino languages, the Philippine context presents some particular facto...
Nicolas Robert Hurst
Full Text Available This paper examines the role of illustrations in the context of English Language Teaching (ELT coursebooks produced in Portugal. Taking illustrations to be one pilar in the construction of meaning through the representation of culture, the discussion shifts between their use over the last 35 years and their potential as a source of innovation and improvement in this area of ELT materials development. The central issue relates to the need for illustrations to perform something more than a decorative function in ELT coursebooks. Further discussion deals with the general issue of cultural content in language teaching materials, its importance in relation to situating language learning as both meaningful and purposeful. There are clear links themes related to foreign language teaching methodology (the learner-centred approach and to curriculum development (citizenship education.It is argued that local coursebook publishers and writers should pay closer attention to the importance of cultural representation in language teaching materials, in this case to the use of illustrations, as a way of optimising the long-held influence of coursebooks as significant educational instruments.
Based on a diagnosis of the problems in the traditional way of teaching English reading in China, this paper introduces the "whole language" theory and explores its application to the teaching of English reading. To begin with, it demonstrates the various problems in the teaching of English reading which severely prevent the improvement…
The Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) method has been the proposed teaching method under the current national English curriculum since 2001. However, few studies have investigated in-service teachers' response to this proposed language teaching method. In this study, thirty public school English teachers were recruited in Beijing across school…
This research study tries to understand the information processing model and social learning theory in regards to teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) to Spanish speakers by using peer teaching methods. This study will examine each theory's concepts and frameworks to better comprehend what teaching methods support English language learning.…
Altay, Ismail Firat
As is known, writing is an indispensable part of language education. As far as English Language Teaching Departments are concerned, writing courses, especially Advanced Writing Skills, are taken as a course of higher importance. However, forming a syllabus for Advanced Writing Course for English Language Teaching Departments is not an easy matter.…
Full Text Available Fluency and accuracy are the target of learning English. Both of them have important role for the students who learn English. Consequently, a teacher should consider fluency and accuracy of the English used by the students in the classroom. It means that teaching English should teach both linguistics and communicative competence. To teach lingusitics competence, a teacher can use Grammar Translation Method (GTM. Furthermore, a teacher needs Communicative Language Teaching (CLT Method to teach commuicative competence. This article will study about the “The Implementation of Grammar Translation Method (GTM and Comunicative Language Teaching (CLT Method in Teaching Integrated English” which are applied in Basic English Station (BEST Course of Jombang. This English course can combine both GTM and CLT to teach the students. For the first time, the writer will discuss about GTM and CLT theory. Then he will describe the programs and the materials applied in this course. Afterward, the writer will discuss about the implementation of GTM and CLT which are used to explain the materials and how GTM and CLT are applied in the programs that this course has. It means that, GTM and CLT will be applied both in the classroom and the programs of this English course
Full Text Available The ever-increasing spread of English as the language of global communication leads to ever-increasing demand for learning it among adult populations of non-English-speaking countries. If such people did not have a chance of acquiring English during their school or university years but urgently need it for professional or personal purposes, they have no other choice but to go and learn it at courses offered by numerous commercial language schools and centers. In post-Communist countries, such as Ukraine, commercial language schools and centers are responsible for English language training of the majority of adults learning that language after their secondary or tertiary school studies. They also serve the needs of many high and higher schools’ students who, due to various reasons, are not satisfied with learning English at their educational institutions. However, despite the importance and spread of this specific type of language education, its pedagogical and methodological foundations have hardly been developed at all. The present article is an attempt of partly filling this gap in pedagogy and methodology of English language education in non-English-speaking countries. The paper develops some theoretical underpinnings of that kind of education in the form of six principles underlying the organization of commercial English language courses, formulating their goals, selecting the learning contents, and choosing the methods of teaching and learning. The practical consequences of adopting the six suggested principles are outlined.
This paper aims at investigating the effect of using Arabic language for teaching English as a Foreign Language in a Jordanian context at elementary school stages in Al-Karak Directorate of Education. English language teachers usually intend to focus on using English in their classes, but they come across a big problem which is the lack of…
This is a study to focus on analyzing the use of constructive teaching method toward the students' motivation in learning content subject of Introduction to Research of English Language Teaching. By using a mix-method of qualitative and quantitative analysis, the data are collected by using questionnaire and classroom observation. The…
Alotaibi, Nouf Ali
This portfolio is a compilation of the author’s beliefs and practices of what constitutes effective second language teaching. It is based on the author’s teaching philosophy and the work has been done during two years of study at the Master of Second Language Teaching (MSLT) program. The teaching philosophy centers on how to implement communication inside the language classroom, develop literacy, integrate culture teaching into language instruction, and how to use technology to facilitate lan...
1、 Introduction ELT must keep pace with the information times,so we' d better integrate the educational technology into ELT.As video is a medium of teaching, By means of combing audios,visuals,sounds and images,so nowadays almost every institution in china provides its students with the opportunity to watch English videos in the belief that video is an effective means of improving students' language proficiency.While this belief may be justifiable theoretically, it could hardly obtain strong support from actual practice.
This paper first illustrates S.D. Krashen’s language acquisition theory, especially two of his five hypotheses as well as the guidance of these theories towards the teaching of business English reading for students majored in business English.
Muhammad Arif Soomro; Natasha Memon; Shumaila Aijaz Memonc
Teaching industry of English as a second or foreign language has grown massively in recent times in Pakistan. There are many public sectors universities and English academies established all over Pakistan offering English language proficiency courses. Therefore, this wave led to conduct this research. The purpose of conducting this study was to investigate contemporary pedagogical techniques used for teaching and learning English and to introduce the concept of ESL /EFL Best Practices for eff...
Mansfield Gillian; Poppi Franca
The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must ne...
Banegas, Dario; Pavese, Anahi; Velazquez, Aurelia; Velez, Sandra Maria
In 2011 we, a group of English-as-a-foreign-language teachers at a secondary school in Argentina, decided to investigate our teaching practices through collaborative action research so as to improve our students' learning opportunities and thus revitalise English-language teaching in our context. We implemented and evaluated the integration of…
Ideal as a supplementary text for a variety of courses and as a guide for in-service teachers and for professional development settings, "Teaching English Language Learners: 43 Strategies for Successful K-8 Classrooms" provides teachers of all content areas with a broad, practical approach to teaching English language learners in the regular…
Moodie, Ian; Nam, Hyun-Jeong
This article reviews recent studies on English language teaching (ELT) in South Korea, where a great deal of research has been produced in recent years in local journals. In this article we review 95 studies from a pool of some 1,200 published between 2009 and 2014 on English language teaching and learning, focusing on research within the public…
The article presents the many dilemmas concerning the status of English language-and-culture (as a conjoint phenomenon) and the approach to teach it in a non-native environment. It especially focuses on the alternatives of teaching English as a foreign or as an international language, pointing to the problems relating to the choice of any of these particular frameworks.
Task-based Language Teaching has been greatly applied to college English teaching after the traditional “PPP”teaching approach. The key links in TBLT are assignment, development and inspection of tasks. With the main method, interactive communication,“students-centered ” is stressed, and students' subjective dynamics is fully exerted. Class time can be effectively used and students' communicative ability is cultivated with the improvement of oral expression ability.
The purpose of this article is to explore how important that task-based language teaching (TBLT) interacts with Infor-mation and Communication Technology (ICT) into English language teaching (ELT) in China. Many researchers have already studied that ICT and TBLT innovate the traditional teaching methods and improve our teaching or learning. However, they sepa-rated TBLT from ICT instead of integrating these two ways into ELT. Few researches studied on how importance task-based in-teracts with integration ICT into ELT in China. Under this circumstance, this article reviews the literature related to the present situation, which includes the brief introduction in English language teaching problems, the general concepts of ICT in ELT, task-based teaching methodology in ELT, some studies on task-based interacting with integration ICT into ELT, discussion and con-clusion.
Vroom, Sara J.; Seaman, Alan A.
One of the most significant trends in contemporary English language teaching is the dramatic increase in English as a foreign language (EFL) programs for younger children (ages 3-12) in school systems throughout the world. These programs have created special challenges for teachers who are nonnative English speakers (NNES). To document the…
Cañado, María Luisa Pérez
This article underscores the importance of keeping up to date with vocabulary which is currently employed in English-speaking countries. It argues that textbooks, dictionaries and even corpora are not the most reliable sources to do this, and puts forward a pedagogical proposal--grounded in the Lexical Approach and three pedagogical innovation…
Anchimbe, Eric A.
This paper discusses English language teaching (ELT) around the world, and argues that as a profession, it should emphasise pedagogical competence rather than native-speaker requirement in the recruitment of teachers in English as a foreign language (EFL) and English as a second language (ESL) contexts. It establishes that being a native speaker does not make one automatically a competent speaker or, of that matter, a competent teacher of the language. It observes that on many grounds, includ...
As a teaching method,communicative approach is used more and more in English classroom teaching.It is proved that communicative approach is a useful and practical teaching method in English classroom.Not only can it improve students’ability of communication,but also it trains each of the students’ language skills.
As a teaching method,communicative approach is used more and more in English classroom teaching.It is proved that communicative approach is a useful and practical teaching method in English classroom.Not only can it improve students’ ability of communication,but also it trains each of the students’ language skills.
With the coming of the information age, computer-based teaching model has had an important impact on English teaching. Since 2004, the trial instruction on Network-assisted Language Teaching (NALT) Model integrating the English instruction and computer technology has been launched at some universities in China, including China university of…
There is a natural relationship between culture and language. Language reflects how the people of a nation form the unique way of life and the way of thinking. Therefore, English teaching necessarily involves cultural education as well. This paper analyzes the influence of social culture in English teaching and tries to set up a principle of teaching English culture.
Coskun, Abdullah; Arslan, Abdullah
This paper aims to emphasize the importance of using Moodle in foreign language learning and teaching by reviewing relevant literature and introducing a Moodle-based environment aiming to help English learners to practice their English by themselves. Firstly, the use of Moodle in education and more specifically in English Language Teaching is…
In the highest of need for a transformative new pedagogy with adolescent English Language Learners, I designed and conducted this qualitative case study to answer the questions on the in-depth meaning of innovative teaching practices in new times. Grounded in the sociocultural perspectives, and in accordance with the qualitative case study…
Chval, Kathryn B.; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Thomas, Amanda
Research in mathematics education increasingly recognizes the role of language in the education of English language learners. However, research examining the professional growth of mathematics teachers as they learn to teach English language learners is sparse. This case study addresses this issue by examining one third grade teacher as she…
With the teaching reform becoming deepened, people have recognized that the roles of teachers should be constantly en⁃riched and re-defined. English teachers must go out of the rigid teaching model to adapt to the development of teaching approach, and then play new roles and become modern English teachers with good quality. This, in turn, further promotes English teaching re⁃form. The realization of the shift of the roles of teachers in class has become an inevitable tendency.
Wing Bo Tso, Anna
Tertiary English Language teachers often tend to focus on teaching vocational English skills, improving students’ grammatical structure, vocabulary and other standard forms of linguistic expression. Unabridged and authentic literary texts are seldom introduced to the language classroom, either because most teachers see literature as difficult or inappropriate for teaching English (Savvidou, 2004), or that foreign students at the tertiary level are not interested in pure academic and literary ...
Linda S. SIEGEL
@@ This article will integrate the four articles in this issue, from the standpoint of understanding the principles and the realities of the Early English Immersion programs in Xi'an China.In addition to reviewing various aspects of the program, future directions will be discussed. The early English immersion program began in 1997 in Xi'an China but the roots of it started more than 40 years ago in Canada.Canada has two official languages, English and French but most areas of this vast country are either predominantly French speaking or predominantly English speaking.French is the first language of a smaller percentage of the population than English but most Canadians want to be bilingual.More that 40 years ago, English speaking parents and teachers in Montreal decided that the students were not really learning to speak French in the traditional model of teaching so they pioneered an educational reform, called French Immersion, in which English speaking children were educated in French from the beginning of their school career.The results of this educational reform have been quite successful and children, who participate in French Immersion programs learn to speak, read and write French.Most never become truly bilingual but they acquire fluency and are quite comfortable speaking French.
Full Text Available Language is one of the medium of expressing our ideas, feelings and emotions. And if we think about language in present world then English is one of the most used languages in the world and English is used as a second language in Bangladesh. English is introduced here at the primary level and its inclusion continues till the tertiary level of education. Most of the students of the primary schools in rural areas are weak in English language due to lack of skilled and trained teachers who are familiar to the modern methods and approaches of teaching and lack of materials for teaching in the classroom. Primary level English curriculum implementation is essential in Bangladesh to achieve the set English language competency in the rural areas. Students in the rural areas are performing poorly in English compared to their urban counterparts. Statistics showed that there was a gulf of difference between the facilities enjoyed by rural schools and urban schools. The study explores the challenges of teaching English language in rural areas in context of Bangladesh. This study investigated the factors affecting student’s performance in English language in rural areas. Data were collected using interviews, classroom observation and questionnaire. Result of the study reveals that students were highly motivated to learn English for future expectations such as local and international communication, academic advancement and employment prospects. It also provide a scenario of English teaching system in rural areas of Bangladesh as well as the problems and prospects of English language in perspective of Bangladesh.Keywords: English language, rural areas, education, learning and teaching, competency
Full Text Available Institutions of higher learning carry a burden of inculcating a culture of academic ethical behaviour among students as part of their responsibility to produce citizens of high calibre. In fact, this burden is more expedient and pronounced because of aberrant behaviours such as cheating that can affect institutions’ credibility. This paper therefore looks into potentially the prevalent attitude towards cheating among students in a University College in Oman. The research is carried out qualitatively through video recording a testing session and through unstructured interviews in order to gather evidence of cheating and to establish reasons why students cheat. Most importantly, it seeks to address this attitude by advocating the role that English Language Teaching (ELT plays in dealing with this problem. The main reasonbehind cheating, which seems to reflect the prevailing socio-cultural dimension, ishighlighted and measures to address the attitude are put forward.
Chval, Kathryn B.; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Thomas, Amanda
Research in mathematics education increasingly recognizes the role of language in the education of English language learners. However, research examining the professional growth of mathematics teachers as they learn to teach English language learners is sparse. This case study addresses this issue by examining one third grade teacher as she learned how to focus on language as she designed and taught mathematics lessons to facilitate the participation of English language learners. Data sources consist of audio recordings of interviews, lesson planning sessions, and lesson debrief sessions as well as video recordings of mathematics lessons. The results from this study demonstrate the importance of professional development that emphasizes language in the teaching of mathematics. As the teacher began to learn about the components of the intervention, she developed specialized knowledge and competencies so that she was able to address language planning and development that was necessary to successfully teach mathematics to English language learners.
Passe, Angèle Sancho
Support dual-language learners as they develop the skills necessary for school readiness and success For dual-language learners--children who are learning both English and a home language--the first eight years are crucial for building strong foundations for academic success. During this time, children acquire the early literacy skills needed to…
In daily communication,language differences significantly reflect the nature of cultural difference.To improve students' ability of cross-cultural communication,teachers are not only supposed to make students master language itself,but also should help them to understand cultural differences between their mother language and English.
English as an increasingly widely-used language is critically important in English teaching.But it is not easy for pupils to learn it well for various factors.In that case,body language can benefit both teachers and students.The thesis will clarify the application of it like eye contact,facial expressions and gestures in English teaching of primary school,which can arouse students’ learning interests,create a good study atmosphere,help teachers express themselves and understand students better,enhance the efficiency of English teaching and optimize the course design.
English as an increasingly widely-used language is critically important in English teaching.But it is not easy for pupils to learn it well for various factors.In that case,body language can benefit both teachers and students.The thesis will clarify the application of it like eye contact,facial expressions and gestures in English teaching of primary school,which can arouse students’learning interests,create a good study atmosphere,help teachers express themselves and understand students better,enhance the efficiency of English teaching and optimize the course design.
Allsagoff, Lubna, Ed.; McKay, Sandra Lee, Ed.; Hu, Guangwei, Ed.; Renandya, Willy A., Ed.
What general principles should inform a socioculturally sensitive pedagogy for teaching English as an International Language and what practices would be consistent with these principles? This text explores the pedagogical implications of the continuing spread of English and its role as an international language, highlighting the importance of…
Mukundan, Jayakaran; Nimehchisalem, Vahid; Sayadian, Sima
The present paper reports the findings of a study that investigated the physical and technical characteristics of the English language teaching courseware in Malaysia. A randomly selected group of English language teachers in Malaysia (n = 200) were surveyed to evaluate the courseware. SPSS (18.0) was applied to analyze the data. The results…
The current study, as part of an ongoing investigation to examine teacher perceptions about the teaching of English as a global language at the tertiary level education, aims at examining learner perceptions about PowerPoint presentations used in English classroom instruction for enhancement and integration of four language skills and effective…
To acquire the real communicative competence for language learners calls for not only the linguistic knowledge but also the ability to use the language appropriately. But many empirical studies have manifested that Chinese learners of English are quite fragile in pragmatic competence. Thus, the author mainly depicts in this paper the necessity of cultivating pragmatic competence and ways to enhance English learners’ pragmatic competence by exploring into pragmalinguistic failure and sociopragmatic failure.
The concept of globalization has brought dynamism in each aspect of the world. The changes have also touched the field of English language teaching (ELT) throughout the world. Bangladesh is no more far from that transformation. It has already attempted to the innovation of ELT. The country has moved from long term-practiced Grammar Translation…
Wenzhong, Zhu; Muchun, Wan
Second language acquisition (SLA) as a sub-branch of applied linguistics has been researched by Chinese and foreign scholars for over 40 years, but few researches have been done on its implications for Business English teaching which needs more language teaching theories to support. This paper makes a review of related studies, and puts forward a…
Villacañas de Castro, Luis Sebastián
This article argues that teaching a foreign language (English, in this case) involves a linguistic obstacle which, if not negotiated properly, may place this task in contradiction with some basic principles of Social-constructivist pedagogy. After this obstacle is identified and some potential solutions are discarded, the article resorts to some of the didactic advances developed in the field of English as a second language (ESL) teaching during the last two decades, since the latter has rema...
with the limitation of students' vocabulary,teachers have to simplify their teaching language with the help of facial expressions and body movements.so body language has been widely used in communication in and out of class.it can be vocal language' s vital complement by intensifying the language information retention and leaving the students deeper impression.it helps the students to improve listening,speaking,reading and writing level and help the teachers achieve a higher teaching goal and further mutual understanding.
Yinghao Jin; Guochen Jin
With the development of China’s reform and opening, it is quite necessary for Chinese college students to improve their English competence, hence calling for reform in current college English teaching and strengthening practical English teaching. After analyzing the problems in China’s English teaching, this article puts forward some solutions.
Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) has become a driving force in English Language Teaching programs in most parts of the world.It is based on the assumption that students can more easily develop language skills if the language is related to their lives and if they are given sufficient opportunity to practice them with their peers.This approach considers communicative competence as its goal of teaching.In this paper,the author tries to explore the application of Communicative Language Teaching to English teaching in vocational schools in China.To begin with,the author gives a brief introduction to Communicative Language Teaching and vocational education in China,followed by the theoretical framework.Then,the application of CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China is elaborated in detail.Finally,the author gets the conclusion that English teaching in vocational schools must consider training students' communicative competence as its final target and a difficulty is noted by the author in terms of applying CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China.
Communicative Language Teaching(CLT) has become a driving force in English Language Teaching programs in most parts of the world.It is based on the assumption that students can more easily develop language skills if the language is related to their lives and if they are given sufficient opportunity to practice them with their peers.This approach considers communicative competence as its goal of teaching.In this paper,the author tries to explore the application of Communicative Language Teaching to English teaching in vocational schools in China.To begin with,the author gives a brief introduction to Communicative Language Teaching and vocational education in China,followed by the theoretical framework.Then,the application of CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China is elaborated in detail.Finally,the author gets the conclusion that English teaching in vocational schools must consider training students’ communicative competence as its final target and a difficulty is noted by the author in terms of applying CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China.
India is a multilingual country. English is the second most important language in the country after the national language Hindi since it is taught as a compulsory subject in all the Indian schools. In the educational system of a multilingual country, it becomes imperative to improve the English Language teaching skills of the school teachers who come from various linguistic backgrounds. The school teacher plays a vital role in the development of linguistic skills of the students. What childre...
The place of native and non-native speakers in the role of English teachers has probably been an issue ever since English was taught internationally. Although ESL and EFL literature is awash, in fact dependent upon, the scrutiny of non-native learners, interest in non-native academics and teachers is fairly new. Until recently, the voices of non-native speakers articulating their own concerns have been even rarer. This book is a response to this notable vacuum in the ELT literature, providing a forum for language educators from diverse geographical origins and language backgrounds. In additio
Lemus Hidalgo, Maria Esther
This thesis reports on a case study that discusses the interconnection between the knowledge, beliefs and practices of teachers of English as a foreign language in a state university in Mexico. Previous research suggests that there is a knowledge base for teaching that is significant for teachers irrespective of the subject they teach. Research also indicates that teaching practices are shaped by teachers’ beliefs about the nature of language, the nature of the learning process and the nat...
Morales Palma, Celia
Teaching a foreign language is a tricky business, and it is not as straightforward as one could suspect. Even thoughyou will be teaching something you have learnt during a life time, the way of teaching and the cultural differences you mayencounter will make this a very tough task. In this article, useful tools and resources are presented. The aim is for this article toserve as a guide for new teachers of English as a Foreign Language (TEFL)
In the foreign education, the importance of teaching of foreign culture has been widely recognized. How to teach culture in foreign language education is faced by language educators all over the world. The question is very complicated since the answer relies on our understanding of the relation between the home culture and foreign culture, the relation between language and culture. This article deals with the deep connotation of English culture. It sets forth the differences between Chinese a...
Nguyen, Hong Thi; Warren, Wendy; Fehring, Heather
This paper reports part of a study that aims to explore factors affecting the efficacy of non-major English teaching and learning in Vietnamese higher education through an investigation of classroom practices. Eight non-participant class observations were conducted at HUTECH University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The study's findings show that…
The best-selling complete course for a fun and effective way to learn English as a foreign language. This ISBN is for the paperback book. The corresponding audio support (ISBN: 9781444105483) is also available. The book and audio support can also be purchased as a pack (ISBN: 9781444102376).
Ken-Maduako, Ibiere; Oyatogun, Aituari Taiwo
This paper strives to ascertain the use of teamwork as an instructional strategy in an English language lesson, in a typical Nigerian classroom. Teamwork is the ability of people to work together to achieve a common purpose and team players are the high achievers in the team whose main preoccupation is to see that teams achieve their stated…
The small sultanate of Brunei, located on the island of Borneo in the South China Sea, introduced bilingual education shortly after independence. As a consequence, Brunei's Ministry of Education outsourced much of its English language teaching requirements to qualified expatriate teachers. Despite over 25 years of systemic English language…
British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.
This profile of the English language teaching situation in Colombia discusses the role of English in the educational system and in Colombian society. The status of English as the country's first foreign language is examined. It is noted that because Spanish is sufficient for most needs and because there is a relatively small number of Colombians…
British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.
A survey of the status and use of the English language in Algeria is presented. The following topics are outlined: (1) the role of English as a third language, (2) its place within the educational system at all levels and in each graduate institution, (3) the status of British expatriates teaching English in Algeria and of Algerian teachers of…
Communicative approach of language teaching has attracted considerable attention since the early 1970s. The main argument reveals that communicative competence has been seen as one of the central goals to achieve for language learners. This derives mainly from the belief that language is a means of communication. Students in the English as Foreign Language (EFL) context are usually described as silent learners due to deficient communicative competence, along with the effect of traditional tea...
In the wake of the federal No Child Left Behind legislation, standardized tests have become increasingly high-stakes. Yet English language learners (ELLs) typically score far below native English speakers, creating pressure to "teach to the test." This article shares findings from an intensive year long study in 10 New York City high schools,…
Anh, Kieu Hang Kim
Drawing upon the literature on the history of the language teaching methods focusing on the use of L1 in L2 teaching, the debate surrounding the role of L1 in the L2 classroom in general and in the English classroom in particular and recent studies of the issue, this article presents at its core a study that investigated the attitudes of…
Gao, Xuesong; Benson, Phil
The teaching practicum is a pivotal event for pre-service teachers to experience the transition from being students to being teachers. This paper examines the emergence of "unruly pupils" as a central concern for pre-service English language teachers in their teaching practicum. The inquiry relates the pre-service teachers' perceived challenge of…
Mirhosseini, Seyyed-Abdolhamid; Ghafar Samar, Reza
Mainstream trends of English language teaching (ELT) are predominantly constructed within the epistemological boundaries shaped by the traditional conceptions of linguistics, learning, and teaching as well as positivist research methodology. What tends to be overshadowed by such conceptions is the underlying foundational belief structure of ELT…
Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL…
Chen Yiying; Guo Yiyi
Teachers’ language is one important part in college English teaching.Politeness is regarded as a powerful strategy in dealing with interpersonal interaction.Based on Lakoff’s Polite Model,Leech’s Politeness Principle,and Brown & Levinson’s Politeness Theory,the author of this paper aims to explore politeness in teachers’ language in the classroom context.
This paper reports on an intervention study which investigated the effect of teaching English phonotactics upon Arabic speakers' lexical segmentation of running speech in English. The study involved a native English-speaking group (N = 12), a non-native control group (N = 20); and a non-native experimental group (N = 20). Each group was pre-tested…
ANITA MUHO; LEONARD DANGLLI
The aim of this study is to find out the effect of individual and contextual factors in promoting motivation: socio cultural influences, teacher in fluences, classroom and school influences from a contetual perspective, in acquisition of English as a second language in the Albanian contet. First, it reviews the literature on contetual factors and gives the background to the evaluation of how they affect student motivation. Second, the findings of the questionnaires, observations and interview...
Full Text Available The paper is concerned with methodological aspects of using Case studies in Business English language teaching at University level. It emphasizes the benefits and opportunities of the Case study method as well as the role Case studies play in practicing and developing language, business communication and managerial skills. The paper analyses Case study as an example of Task-Based Learning (TBL method which focuses on communicative approach towards problem solving tasks presented in authentic Case studies. The paper deals with language and subject matter integration in the creation and implementation of Case studies in the Business English classroom which involves collaborative work of English language and subject matter lecturers. The integrated approach strengthens both students’ subject matter knowledge and language competence. The result of lecturer collaboration is the creation of Case study “Rukisu teja” which is based on a real Latvian family-run business and can be incorporated into both Business English and Entrepreneurship courses.
Language is the tool of tools, essential to our identities as individuals and as a species. All living languages change continuously, and people are responsible for that change, primarily to express identity and build relationships (Trask, 2010). This thesis is about language, English Language Teaching (ELT), and in particular the evolving identities and development of Speakers of Other Languages Teaching English (SOLTEs). It is presented against a contemporary backdrop of globalisation and c...
With the development of the society, especially with China's entry into WTO,English is badly needed in various fields. English learning has been a fashion not only in college, but also in the society. However. how to let the students learn English in an efficient and interesting way is still a hard nut to those teachers. At present, the knowledge in the textbooks is so limited and impractical, trying to use other materials maybe a useful way to solve this problem to some extent. With my ten-years teaching experiences in college, I've found that using English newspaper or magazine articles to teach English language skills is a very good way, for their uses of language is very up-to-date and attractive. This article is discussing this method in details
Jesús Alirio Bastidas
Full Text Available English teaching in Colombian primary schools became a requirement because of the promulgation of the Law of Education in 1994. Taking into account that this decision produced some difficulties in the schools, a study was conducted to diagnose the state of English language teaching in primary schools in Pasto, Colombia. Data were gathered through classroom observation, a questionnaire, and interviews. The results showed that teachers are not well versed either in methodology or in the command of the English language; there was no English syllabus; didactic materials were nonexistent; and the children’s lack of motivation was the most critical problem. Teachers, institutions and the government have to take into account these findings in order to improve English learning in primary schools.
This paper describes some strategies of teaching English language. Special attention was paid to adult learning, writing problem and some others. The aim of the paper is to show advantages of intensive learning of English language
Bughio, Faraz Ali
This thesis describes a collaborative Action Research project that works to improve the quality of English language teaching (ELT) and learning in a public sector university in Pakistan. It demonstrates how teachers and students can take responsibility for engaging in active learning and teaching by developing their roles beyond traditional models of teaching and learning. The findings of the study are validated through critical thinking, the active critique of colleagues and students who par...
Esteban González, Almudena
Many educators have repeatedly written on the benefits of songs in an English Language Teaching setting. In this Undergraduate Dissertation, we will tackle the main grounds why we share this opinion. We also intend to analyse why the use of chants and songs in an ELT classroom can help learners to communicate more effectively in this language. This use complies with the parameters of the Communicative Language Approach that goes beyond the more conventional mastery of grammar rules, struc...
In the context of globalisation, intercultural teaching has been suggested as an objective in English as lingua franca (ELF) education, which has challenged English teachers in acquiring the intercultural communicative competence (ICC) in English language teaching (ELT). However, empirical research exploring the intercultural capabilities and…
Mackinney, Erin; Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia
This article examines how Arizona's teachers of English learners negotiate between restrictive language policies and complex teaching conditions. This case study explores how middle school teachers in an urban school district make sense of the 4-hour English language development block, Arizona's recent English-only policy. Findings indicate that…
Zaenab S. Abdul Majeed
Full Text Available This study is aimed to investigate the situation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT course taught in English language in secondary schools in Pahang, Malaysia. From a social point of view the study examines teachers’ attitude towards and applications of computer to further reveal the chances of their use of English language in the classroom. The objective data is collected from school teachers by using questionnaires and interviews. The data analysis is conducted through T-test the statistic results show that a good master of computer skills, a good knowledge of English language, more vitally, a clear awareness of the importance from the perspective of teachers, facilitate the teaching of computers in English language in the classroom. Thus, it suggests that in order to successfully integrate computers in education, the education system needs to be changed or to be adjusted accordingly.
Anner, Catherine M.
We read, study, write, go to conferences and all in all develop our knowledge, but when we find ourselves in certain situations, new situations, our know-how will only be part of what we need. Our skills will be the instrument that our senses will guide to proper use. Experience forms us and with a certain touch of inspiration we can advance in our field with an attitude that will bring us into the reciprocal cycle of teaching. Let us have a closer look at how inspiration helped an English-as...
Rymanova, Irina Evgenievna; Baryshnikov, Nikolay Vasilievich; Grishaeva, Anna
In this article, blended learning, its effectiveness in foreign language teaching, the basic approaches used in the development of e-learning courses "Foreign Language (English)" for four modules are considered, and the results are presented.
The subject matter of the present paper is Irish English as the starting point of teaching and learning German as a second language. This symbiosis of the study of the varieties of English and the study of second language acquisition (SLA) adds an aspect to the latter which has been widely neglected. Second language teaching usually starts with a look at the unfamiliar features in the target language (L2) and then focuses on their dissimilarities with familiar features in the m...
Cooperative learning,as a new organizational form of teaching,has been more and more widely used in English language teaching.It has broken the traditional teacher-centered teaching mode.Nowadays,it has been regarded as a creative and effective teaching theory and strategy.In order to get more insights into cooperative learning,which is not only a way of learning but also a teaching strategy,a study on the application of cooperative learning has been made from several aspects:theoretical basis,applica-tion and evaluation.
Teaching Grammar, Structure and Meaning introduces teachers to some basic ideas from the increasingly popular field of cognitive linguistics as a way of explaining and teaching key grammatical concepts. Particularly suitable for those teaching post-16 English Language, this book offers a methodology for teaching key aspects of linguistic form and an extensive set of learning activities. Written by an experienced linguist and teacher, this book contains:· an evaluation of current approaches to the teaching of grammar and linguistic form· a revised pedagogy based on principles from cognitive sci
mustafa naci kayaoğlu
Full Text Available Language teachers in Turkey do not take a standard pre-service education as graduates of English Language Teaching (ELT, linguistics, and translation departments all end up with language teaching profession and this, in turn, results in different teaching needs and concerns. The researchers argue that these different concerns may be one of the underlying causes of chronic language education problems in Turkey, in that Turkish Ministry of National Education does not take into consideration the comparative picture of practicing teachers and composes curricula, teaching materials, and compulsory one-shot professional development activities that all reflect “one size fits all” ideology. Therefore, determining the needs and concerns of pre-service language teachers is of vital importance. The current study has arisen from Griffith’s (2012 call for more larger-scale studies on teacher concerns across different contexts via triangulation. The researchers aim at not only investigating teacher concerns but also painting a much detailed comparative picture between ELT and linguistics department prospective teachers. The researchers target convenience sampling, in the full knowledge that this group will not represent the whole population. However, this type of non-probability sampling can serve well when it is easy to gather much informative data. Building on the recent work of Griffiths (2012, the researchers have modified and extended the existing measurement tool of Griffiths (2012 to investigate the issue much deeper and compensate the caveats. They adapted her instrument and asked the participants to add their thoughts as well as deciding their concern level. The results are mainly in line with the referred study in terms of the rating and frequency. The study reveals that there are some differences between the concerns of ELT department students and language and literature department students. While prospective teachers studying at the
Devimeenakshi K.; C. N. Baby Maheswari
The article gives information on English language teaching schemes in Indian classrooms for foreign students. The teacher monitors as facilitator and instructor. The trainees were trained in the four macro skills, LSRW. I taught some topics in three skills, namely, writing, listening and reading (just three, not speaking skills) to Chinese students in VIT University. The other skill speaking was trained by other teachers among the four. Students were trained to listen to English words and pa...
The linguistic situations and conditions in Indonesia are quite complex by their own natures as more than seven hundred vernaculars with their various dialects from a great number of ethnic groups have been used as media of communication in the country. Accordingly, the success of English teaching in Indonesia cannot be freed from the studentsâ€™ cultural backgrounds, values, customs, and beliefs as well as the political standpoint of the government regarding this foreign language. English la...
Tran, Yune Kim
The changing and growing student population in the U.S. demands well-equipped and trained teachers who have the adequate preparation and pedagogical tools to fully meet their diverse needs. This research study examined the perceptions of teachers' preparedness and their efficacy beliefs for teaching English Language Learners. A mixed-method was…
Ogeyik, Muhlise Cosgun
Linguistic courses in ELT (English Language Teaching) departments, in some ways, may create obstacles due to their firm theoretical framework. Therefore, this study is concerned with the main problems for the students taking linguistic courses in ELT Department at Trakya University in Turkey. The purpose of the study is to investigate the…
This paper explores the field of post-compulsory English Language Teaching (ELT) management research, enquiring into its identity, legitimacy and development, by identifying and discussing issues, problems, and controversies. It reviews the nature of the ELT sector as a predominantly commercial educational service with a significant role in "inner…
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop an inventory of behaviours and attitudes expected of English language teaching (ELT) professionals in a services context. Design/methodology/approach: A two-stage Delphi method using ELT expert panellists, comprising managers and owners from the ELT sector. Delphi is indicated for complex problems,…
Jaatinen, Riitta; Saarivirta, Toni
This study describes the evolution of English language teaching in Finland and looks into the connections of the societal and educational changes in the country as explanatory factors in the process. The results of the study show that the language teaching methodology and the status of foreign languages in Finland are clearly connected to the…
Full Text Available The linguistic situations and conditions in Indonesia are quite complex by their own natures as more than seven hundred vernaculars with their various dialects from a great number of ethnic groups have been used as media of communication in the country.Â Accordingly, the success of English teaching in Indonesia cannot be freed from the students' cultural backgrounds, values, customs, and beliefs as well as the political standpoint of the government regarding this foreign language. English language teaching has then undergone more than four changes in its curriculum since the country's independence and brought no significant impact upon the learning outcomes. This study reveals the substantial unconstructive influence of the students' cultures and the non-conducive language environment affecting their language acquisition.Â Other aspects related to the teachers' performance and class preparations equally contribute to the ineffective classroom interactions.Â This study offers some practical suggestions to cope with those problems.
Language proficiency is not simply the correct use of vocabulary and grammar, but is rather a part of interactive, social communication in which learners need to be made aware of the role of intonation. The fluency project is developing an English vocabulary with supplementary learning materials (SLMs). Scientists’ research showed us that it was not necessary to introduce and drill words out of context, teach phonics in isolation, teach reading in a hierarchy of skills to be mastered, or use ...
Tatiana Pavlovna Sazukina
The article is dedicated to the analysis of the application of the case studies method, which for a rather long period of time has been used for teaching business, managers, lawyers, doctors and in the sphere of social sciences, for teaching the professional English language, with the aim of defining to what extent students use the material learned previously, in real situations. On the grounds of analysis of theoretical sources and pedagogical practices, the author offers a direction for sea...
The paper deals with practical aspects of teaching English for Specific Purposes in the Nutritional Therapy bachelor degree program at the Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University in Brno. Within the IMPACT project, new study materials and teaching methods are being developed to better prepare the students to make use of the attained language knowledge and skills in their future practice or follow-up studies. The paper will discuss: (1) the value of including field-specific articles and presen...
Ⅰ.introductionsince 1980s,changes have been made in the field of elt in china:communicative language teaching has been introduced.english textbooks and syllabus which put more emphasis on the training of students ' communicauive competence including listening and speaking have been produced since 1990s in line with the policy of the state education development commission ( sedc) in china the teaching syllabus has also been adjusted to match the needs for clt.
The focus of this thesis is to take a look at traditional language - based methods and content-based instruction in teaching English. To get a better picture of how the content-based language instruction works, I observed an English teacher at a middle school in Cincinnati, Ohio. The teacher teaches language arts and modified social studies to students who have English as their second language. My research question is “How is traditional language-based teaching different from content-based in...
With the fast development of modern society and economy,English as an international language has become an important instrument in social communication.As to English teaching in the classroom,we have so many difficulties at present.This paper analysis some objective and subjective factors.At last,if we can solve these questions,our English teaching will be better.
Perez-Gore, Isabelle; McCormick, Robert; Burton, Sonia; Siddique, Md. Ashraf
Executive summary a) Background The purpose of the Perceptions Study 2013 was to explore the perceptions of English language (EL) practices within schools participating in English in Action (EIA) from the point of view of both the teachers and the students. The first part of the study focused on primary and secondary teachers’: - Perceptions of their practices in teaching English; - Attitudes to the communicative language teaching (CLT) approaches being promoted through EIA;...
VOLOSHKO MARIYA OLEGOVNA; SUKHAREVA TATIANA NIKOLAEVNA
The article describes the main priorities of tandem method using in English language teaching as an alternative way of forming intercultural competence. Authors considered that this method is one of the most productive and effective. Its main aim is to learn the partner’s language and culture in a situation of real or virtual communication. This article presents the main peculiarities of studying in tandem. The main principles of this method are reciprocity and individual autonomy. Authors be...
This dissertation explores one of the most fundamental but controversial issues in foreign language teaching (FLT) – the role of the learners’ mother tongue (MT)/first language in foreign language (FL) classrooms – with a special focus on the FLT situations in China. The monolingual approach or the English-only approach, which excludes learners’ MT from FL classrooms, is currently dominating the mainstream thinking in FLT. However, evidence presented in this study suggests that the MT is crit...
Language teaching and learning have undergone tremendous changes in the last forty years. These changes have been influenced by not only changing views of language teaching and learning but also changes occurring in general education and global advancement. Another significant player is information and communications technologies (ICTs) which have brought about innovative changes both in general education (Laurillard, 2012) and language teaching (Chapelle, 2010), including English language te...
Culture teaching has been considered to be a very important element in foreign language teaching.Since English has become an international language,this paper mainly talks about the relationship between culture and English teaching.There are three parts in this paper: I. The role of culture in English teaching;Ⅱ.Culture teaching methods in the English classroom;Ⅲ.A danger in teaching cultures in English class.
Liyanage, Indika; Walker, Tony; Bartlett, Brendan; Guo, Xuhong
Culturally specific language practices related to vernacular uses of taboo language such as swearing represent a socially communicative minefield for learners of English. The role of classroom learning experiences to prepare learners for negotiation of taboo language use in social interactions is correspondingly complicated and ignored in much of…
In the field of second language acquisition (SLA), weight has been increasingly attached to the role that a problem-pos-ing model of education plays in English as second/foreign language (ES/FL) teaching and learning. By exploring various concepts of the problem-posing approach, also known as critical pedagogy, and its implications for English language teaching (ELT) in the Chinese postsecondary EFL context, the paper makes a tentative attempt to acknowledge the future directions of implementing critical pedagogy in the EFL context. Therefore, the paper is inspired by the ever-increasing popularity of the critical pedagogical approach in the ESL context. The application of critical orientation in language education derives from critical theories of the Frankfurt School, which centers on Marxist societal beliefs of struggling against social inequalities. With the concept of critical pedagogy drawing increasing attention from language educators and teachers alike in English-speaking countries; non-native English teachers who teach in the EFL context has also begun to focus their attention on the educational philosophy as a means to help transform traditional oppressed status of the Chinese EFL learners. From this perspective, this paper, by investigating the multi-dimensional implied meanings of implementing critical pedagogy in the EFL context, unraveling how it works as a way of“doing”in second language (L2) teaching and learning, identifying the probable contexts of critical pedagogy and the contesta-tions surrounding critical pedagogy, aims to address the significance of implementing critical pedagogy as an effective way of re-forming the ailing English education condition in China.
The present study attempts to find out active English teachers’ opinions regarding the primary 3rd grade English Language Teaching Program (ELTP) which was launched in 2013 in terms of its general overview, content, goals, teaching-learning process and assessment dimensions in the city center of Tekirdağ including 20 primary schools with 38 teachers in the academic term 2014-2015 spring. In this evaluation study, quantitavive data were used in order to explore how teachers evaluate the prima...
The present study attempts to find out active English teachers’ opinions regarding the primary 3rd grade ELTP (launched in 2013) in terms of its general overview, content, goals, teaching-learning process and assessment dimensions under the heading of “An Evaluation of the Primary 3rd Grade English Language Teaching Program: Tekirdağ Case” . The study was carried out in the city center of Tekirdağ including 20 state primary schools with 38 teachers in the academic term 2014-2015 spring. In th...
Power, Tom; Erling, Elizabeth
English language teaching has a prominent role in the education policy of Bangladesh, as it is framed in policy discourse as a means of supporting the economic development of individuals and the nation. In 1991, English was made an obligatory subject from Grade 1. However, since that time, it has been the most commonly failed exam subject (Hamid and Baldauf, 2008). Less than 10 per cent of primary teachers have a level of English as high as the primary textbooks (Rahman and Janan, 2011). Prev...
Estapa, Anne; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Chval, Kathryn B.
This two-year study investigated how an innovative video tool enhanced novice-teacher noticing abilities and instructional practice in relation to teaching mathematics to English language learners in third grade classrooms. Specifically, teachers viewed videos of their mathematics lessons that were filmed by Latino English language learners who…
Cai, Guozhi; Cook, Guy
Recent literature on language teaching has questioned the established view that a language is most effectively taught monolingually, arguing instead that the student's own language has an important role to play, and this view is now widely accepted. While this literature draws attention to the extremism of some monolingual approaches, and…
English is a national language in Uganda and is widely used in elite areas such as politics and business, but most Ugandans master English to only a limited degree. In this situation, English can be seen as either a foreign language or a second language--influencing how English is taught. One goal of language teaching espoused in this article is…
China English is an English variety used by native-Chinese people for communication under specific language environment. This study attempts to outline the objective existence of China English and the implications of its linguistic features for English teaching.
It was in the 1970s that American linguist S.D. Krashen created the theory of "language acquisition". The theories on second language acquisition were proposed based on the study on the second language acquisition process and its rules. Here, the second language acquisition process refers to the process in which a learner with the…
Many ELT experts believe that the inclusion of critical thinking skills in English classes is necessary to improve students’ English competence. Students’ critical thinking skills will be optimally increased if meaning is prioritized in English lessons. Those two inter-related elements can be implemented when teachers do collaborative activities stimulating students’ thinking process and meaning negotiation. Yet, the realization might be counter-productive if they are applied without careful ...
Full Text Available Many ELT experts believe that the inclusion of critical thinking skills in English classes is necessary to improve students’ English competence. Students’ critical thinking skills will be optimally increased if meaning is prioritized in English lessons. Those two inter-related elements can be implemented when teachers do collaborative activities stimulating students’ thinking process and meaning negotiation. Yet, the realization might be counter-productive if they are applied without careful consideration of task purposes and of students’ roles. Based on the consideration, this paper is focused on presenting how critical thinking skills and meaning should be properly incorporated in an English lesson.
This essay is to discuss an approach--communicative language teaching (CLT) into English classes of Chinese colleges for the improvement of students’ oral ability, especially emphasizing on the strategies of using group work.
In the work we gave the definition of the project activity and considered the use of the project activity in the integrated teaching of the English and Kazakh languages to students of the faculty of economics.
Full Text Available In the work we gave the definition of the project activity and considered the use of the project activity in the integrated teaching of the English and Kazakh languages to students of the faculty of economics.
Lee, Okhee; Maerten-Rivera, Jaime; Buxton, Cory; Penfield, Randall; Secada, Walter G.
This descriptive study examined urban elementary school teachers’ perceptions of their science content knowledge, science teaching practices, and support for language development of English language learners. Also examined were teachers’ perceptions of organizational supports and barriers associated with teaching science to nonmainstream students. The study involved 221 third- through fifth-grade teachers from 15 urban elementary schools in a large school district. The teachers completed a survey in the spring of 2005. The internal consistency reliability estimates, Cronbach α, for scales created from the survey items were within an acceptable range. The teachers reported that they were generally knowledgeable about science topics at their grade level and that they taught science to promote students’ understanding and inquiry. In contrast, the teachers reported rarely discussing student diversity in their own teaching or with other teachers at their schools. The teachers identified specific organizational supports and barriers in teaching science with diverse student groups at both the school and classroom levels.
The aim of this thesis has been to find out whether using Norwegian rather than English in our English lessons is in fact the rule rather than the exception today, and to find out in which situations Norwegian is used and why. The starting point for the study was the belief that speaking English while teaching English is a must. A questionnaire was sent to a selected number of schools, asking both qualified and unqualified teachers to answer questions connected to the theme mentioned abov...
Erdogan Tezc; Cihad Demirli; Vahit Sapar
Educational technologies have contributed greatly to the improvement of the process of education. Besides contributing to education directly, the development in new technologies made it almost compulsory to bring new approaches in teaching methods. Among these contributions can be mentioned the application of Internet Technologies in teaching. There is an ever-increasing positive impact on learning of combining technological materials with teaching methods, or using them as teaching materials...
Full Text Available It is argued that learning the importance of positive reinforcement and unlearning the de-motivating and unfruitful experiences of one’s life can help students cope up with the existing inhibition about learning a foreign language and, in turn, can motivate them to do something productive and creative. In this respect, the role of drama, in EFL classroom, has been debated and recommended for achieving the intended effects. However, it has also been suggested that the motive of teaching a foreign language like English, through drama, is not to make the young learners professionals in acting but to provide an aid to learn and rehearse the language in its given framework. Exploring such arguments in support of the use of drama in EFL classroom, the present paper highlights the benefits of using drama as a teaching methodology so as to help the students in speaking in English and help them think ‘out of the box’. The practical application of the language in real-life situations is also suggested and recommended based upon the findings of the study. As the use of drama, in EFL classroom, has many benefits for EFL learners, attempt has also been made to investigate, discuss and explore different techniques and methods through which drama can be successfully introduced and incorporated in the foreign language classrooms for effective, motivating and interesting teaching and learning.
Ihejirika, Richard C.
A close look at literature and language shows that the two are closely related. This close relationship is obvious because from all indications, literature presupposes language. It is inconceivable to discuss literature without reference to language. But going by the traditional practice at the secondary school level in Nigerian context, there are…
Carol Anne Ochoa Alpala; Eliana Edith Roberto Flórez
Blended Learning has become one of the most common ways to teach EFL (English as a Foreign Language) due to its double component, which integrates Face-to-Face classes with virtual learning in order to offer students a wide range of materials and resources organized in a methodological way. Over the years, teachers and students have changed the way this educational process is seen because new technologies have been implemented and teachers have to propose new ways of working to display materi...
Ortells Montón, Elena
Although it is generally accepted that literature plays a critical role in our lives by helping us reflect on ourselves and the world, still it is one the most underrated subjects of study in schools, especially when it comes to its use as a tool for the teaching of English language in the EFL context. In spite of the references to literature in the curriculum of the different courses of the Spanish ESO (Compulsory Secondary Education) and Bachillerato (Baccalaureate) included ...
César Eduardo Jiménez Calderón
The objective of the study is to elaborate a systemically logicpathway of technology research methodology for teachingEnglish to speakers of other languages based on the inferentialcognitive paradigm. The inferential process consists of passingfrom previous statements, considered as true outcomes, to otherones whose propositions arise from either the need of currentreal information or the consequence of former statements. If theproposal technology research pathway is followed by educativerese...
This study investigates teachers’ views on primary school English language teaching curriculum for the 4th grade. For this aim, objectives, content, activities, materials and equipment and assessment which are the basic components of the curriculum are taken as the criterion. Besides this, the study investigates teachers’ level of information about the curriculum, the difficulties that were experienced by teachers in implementing the curriculum, the strengths and weaknesses ...
Porras González Nohora Inés
This article presents the results of a study on utilizing stories for teaching English as a foreign language to children in first, second and third grades. It was carried out in a Colombian public elementary school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. The proposal was initiated by a group of student-teachers at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Seccional Bucaramanga. During the research process the student-teachers were required to plan the course syllabus, create their own stories according to the c...
Abbas Pourhosein Gilakjani
Computers have made many of our everyday tasks easier and faster and made our society more productive. Some important variables such as the classroom teacher and the teacher’s beliefs towards the effective uses of computers have been overlooked in EFL classrooms. The impact of teachers’ beliefs on classroom instruction specifically in English Language Teaching (ELT) has been paid enough attention by previous researchers, but little research has been conducted to establish a similar r...
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDENTS’ ENGLISH LISTENING PROFICIENCY AND INTEREST IN ENGLISH MOVIE: A LINK TO DETERMINE THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ENGLISH MOVIE AS A TEACHING MATERIAL IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLASSROOM
English movie has been proven to be an effective tool to improve English language learning process in classroom. However, very little empirical research has been carried out to determine students’ interest in this teaching material, especially in the view of the fact that high level of interest in a teaching and learning material aids motivation which is very essential for language learning. Two groups of students were selected for this study. The first group is a Masters of Art degree studen...
Dos Santos, Roberto-Márcio; Sobrinho, Jerônimo Coura
In the area of language teaching both language skills and textual genres can be worked with simultaneously (thus responding to the Brazilian Curricular Parameters and to the trends in contemporary education, which emphasize contextualized teaching) by means of computers. Computers can make the teaching process dynamic and rich, since they enable the access to the foreign language through virtual environments, which creates a larger number of learning contexts, with all their specific vocabulary and linguistic features in real communication. This study focuses on possible applications of this kind of approach. The computer online is a resource of diverse textual genres and can be an important tool in the language classroom as well as an access to authentic material produced in contextualized practice close to real-life communication. On the other hand, all these materials must be appropriately used without ever worshipping the technology as if it were a miraculous solution. After all, the professional pedagogic skills of the teacher should never be forgotten or taken for granted. In this study, a series of interviews with teachers was carried out - both with Brazilian teachers of the public sector (basic education) and language institutes (private English courses) as well as teacher trainers (university professors), in order to verify if the teachers were prepared to work with informatics in teaching practices, and check the professionals’ views on the subject. The ideas of Maingueneau and Marcuschi about textual genres are a theoretical base in this work, besides the concept of cognitive economy. The text and its typology are focused here as the basic material for teaching English, through digital technologies and hypermedia. The study is also based on Sharma and Barrett’s notion of blended learning as a balanced combination of technological resources and traditional practices in the classroom. Thus, this is an attempt to investigate the relevance of
Full Text Available While the use of appropriate linguistic items is essential for successful communication in any language, sociocultural factors also play an important role. Intercultural communicative competence is one dimension of sociocultural awareness that has been recognized as integral for communicative competence, but its practical application remains a challenge, possibly due to the fact that language educators tend to have more knowledge about the target language than its related cultural aspects (Celce-Murcia, 2007. While cultural references are, even if implicitly, prevalent in textbooks, teacher discourse, and the media, they are often reduced to “American” or “British” while the culture of speakers of English from many other countries, including Brazil, are often ignored. Another important dimension that positively affects language and cultural learning is the representation of one’s identity (Norton, 2013. In this sense, implementing intercultural communicative competence (ICC in English Language Teaching (ELT allows learners to express their identities while engaging in meaningful discussions about cultural views. This article provides a brief overview of communicative competence and draws on Byram’s (1997 model of ICC to suggest pedagogical applications aimed at validating student identity in English language classes, particularly but not exclusively, in Brazil.
The present thesis is an in-depth examination of the potential of facilitating reflective practice in the educational world of Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Higher Education. More specifically, the current thesis investigates the impact of Guided Reflective Practice on the practice of five university teachers of English as a Foreign Language in Cyprus. Although language research increasingly acknowledges the importance of reflection in excavating the personal, individual and em...
Mukundan, Jayakaran; Nimehchisalem, Vahid
This study included a qualitative analysis of the content of the teaching courseware that was developed by the Curriculum Development Center of the Ministry of Education in 2003. The objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of the courseware from the perspective of learning-teaching. The results indicated that most of the lessons…
Zou, Bin; Li, Jiaying
Many recent studies have shown that mobile learning can provide potential possibilities for foreign language learners to practice language skills on their smart mobile phones and tablet PCs (e.g. Chang & Hsu, 2011; Egbert, Akasha, Huff, & Lee, 2011; Hoven & Palalas, 2011; Stockwell, 2010). A number of apps have been created and used…
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The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must nevertheless boast a relevant place in the global scenario. This can be achieved in practical terms by interrogating an expressly made corpus of Chinese English news texts and carrying out simple concordance activities.
Debido a los procesos de globalización, la función del inglés como herramienta internacional o como lengua franca para la comunicación exige un replanteamiento de la enseñanza del inglés como idioma extranjero. En este artículo se presenta un estudio empírico llevado a cabo en un contexto universitario italiano que pretende mostrar cómo los docentes deberían desempeñar actividades para facilitar el reconocimiento de otras variedades del inglés que, al no ser utilizadas como modelos de evaluación y certificación lingüística, exigen en cambio una mayor atención en el escenario global. En la práctica, esto puede realizarse analizando un corpus específico de textos periodísticos en inglés chino y llevando a cabo actividades sencillas de concordancias.
English language has become a global language with the advent of Globalisation. Naturally English language learning has got increased importance as English is the language for the global communication. English is a second language for Indian sand often mother tongue hampers the English acquisition of most of the Indians. NCF 2005 has underlined that significance of teaching of English as early as possible so that the learners may have a native speaker like fluency in English. Based on these g...
There has been much debate on the topic of College English teaching in China. With the development in col ege English teaching, high standard teaching is essential.I state a lot of problems that exist in the university. I also put forward some suggestions learned from the two theories to improve the col ege language teaching quality and make students achieve the balance of language competence.
The paper deals with the problem of balance maintenance of natural languages in the context of foreign language teaching. A new paradigm of foreign language teaching in the following triad: native language – global language – second foreign language is proposed. Translingualism is treated as the only means of maintaining linguistic balance between natural languages viewed from an ecolinguistic perspective.
Yehia Ahmed Y. Al-Sohbani
Full Text Available The teaching of English at the Yemeni public schools has been criticized as ineffective due to the poor level of the language competency of most school leavers though they spend six years studying English whose curriculum, according to Bose (2002, is largely based on the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT. In this respect, this paper mainly attempted to: 1 investigate Yemeni English teachers’ classroom teaching practices in secondary schools, (2 Explore the Yemeni teachers’ awareness of CLT, and 3 explore the constraints teachers face while implementing the CLT. The results of the study indicate that the Grammar Translation Method (GTM is the predominant pedagogy practiced by the EFL teachers participated in this study. The use of the mother-tongue, both by teachers and students were noticed to be the prevailing. The meanings of words are given in Arabic and the teachers do not focus on developing students’ fluency rather they focus on grammar. The results also show that the participants do not have a clear cut idea regarding the principles and concepts of CLT and are not clear about what they do in the classroom. The constraints faced by the participants while implementing CLT are also investigated and presented in the paper.
The diploma thesis addresses the use of music in teaching English and discusses many aspects of music and language learning. The theoretical part introduces music as an important factor in people's lives and presents reasons for its decisive role in acquiring a foreign language. It also provides a comparison between language and music and their effect on human brains. The attention is paid to songs which are presented as an effective pedagogical tool indispensible especially in young learners...
The Indonesian community generally perceives that English language teaching should require phonology, vocabulary, grammar, discourse, and pragmatics. As a result, this often demands that pre-school teachers use English all the time. Code switching between English, Indonesian, and Minang – the local language of the region – is perceived negatively, and teachers are often criticized for using a multilingual approach that is “part snake and part eel” [sakarek ula sakarek baluik]. This refers to ...
Full Text Available Although competency has long been the major concern in ELT either in the EFL or ESL contexts, the rise of competency-based syllabus launched by the Ministry of National Education (2006 brought about significant issue among the English teachers in the country. One of the crucial issues is that how to transfer the concepts of competences into the syllabus design. Since a syllabus does not only contain a list of subject content, but also how curriculum planners (teachers reflect their understanding and belief about nature of language and of language teaching and learning, the ELT must be carried out to achieve communicative competence. Current investigation on the practices of ELT, however, indicates that English teachers are still walking in place, leaving the CC as a big slogan in their jobs.
It has been my privilege to work within the ELTC for a period of 10 months, learning about the English language problems and aspirations of the Ministry of Education. While tasked to work directly on a Remedial Instruction Module, it became apparent that the scopes of the initiatives in Malaysia are much more far reaching. In this paper I wish to convey my perspective in a way that may provide some lighthouse markers as the Malaysia Education Blueprint moves forward.
Full Text Available It has been my privilege to work within the ELTC for a period of 10 months, learning about the English language problems and aspirations of the Ministry of Education. While tasked to work directly on a Remedial Instruction Module, it became apparent that the scopes of the initiatives in Malaysia are much more far reaching. In this paper I wish to convey my perspective in a way that may provide some lighthouse markers as the Malaysia Education Blueprint moves forward.
Wilkins, Stephen; Urbanovic, Jolanta
Although there seems to be a wide held assumption that transnational higher education programs have to be taught in English to be legitimate "international" programs, there are a few examples globally of international branch campuses that teach in languages other than English. Using seven institutional case studies from around the world,…
Full Text Available The abundance of technology in recent years has contributed to development in the societies, industries, and education. It is proven from the current trend of technology such as the emergence and rise of smart phones, tablets, laptops and wireless internet connection that the present and future world will be heralded by technology. The integration of technology into the teaching and learning process is idealistic with the existence of vast information and multimedia on the internet and innovative inventions of devices that serve as great assistance. However, the available technology has not been put to good use in the English language teaching and learning classroom for some reasons, especially in developing countries like Malaysia. Thus, this research is conducted to determine the hindrances faced by the education community in Malaysia. The current qualitative research involved seven individuals who discussed issues relating to the hindrances of technology integration in English language teaching and learning. This paper presents the results of the discussion and provides suggestions on some possible solutions to the identified obstacles faced by the education community in using technology in a more efficient and resourceful manner for the teaching and learning development.Keywords: TESL, barriers, technology, integration, higher education
Santau, Alexandra O.
Efforts to improve education---more concretely science education---by creating fundamental shifts in standards for students and teachers have been launched by educators and policy makers in recent years. The new standards for science instruction address improvements in student learning, program development, assessment, and professional development for teachers, with the goal to prepare US students for the academic demands of the 21st century. The study examined teachers' knowledge and practices in science instruction with English language learning (ELL) students. It also examined relationships among key domains of science instruction with ELL students, as well as profiles of teaching practices. The four domains included: (1) teachers' knowledge of science content, (2) teaching practices to promote scientific understanding, (3) teaching practices to promote scientific inquiry, and (4) teaching practices to support English language development during science instruction. The study was part of a larger 5-year research and development intervention aimed at promoting science and literacy achievement of ELL students in urban elementary schools. The study involved 32 third grade, 21 fourth grade, and 17 fifth grade teachers participating in the first-year implementation of the intervention. Based on teachers' questionnaire responses, classroom observation ratings, and post-observation interviews, results indicated that (1) teachers' knowledge and practices were within the bounds of the intervention, but short of reform-oriented practices and (2) relationships among the four domains existed, especially at grade 5. These findings can provide insights for professional development and future research, along with accountability policies.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDENTS’ ENGLISH LISTENING PROFICIENCY AND INTEREST IN ENGLISH MOVIE: A LINK TO DETERMINE THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ENGLISH MOVIE AS A TEACHING MATERIAL IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLASSROOM
Full Text Available English movie has been proven to be an effective tool to improve English language learning process in classroom. However, very little empirical research has been carried out to determine students’ interest in this teaching material, especially in the view of the fact that high level of interest in a teaching and learning material aids motivation which is very essential for language learning. Two groups of students were selected for this study. The first group is a Masters of Art degree student in English who have studied in English medium schools since the beginning of their formal education while the second group has studied in Kannada medium school and they are currently learning spoken English in an English training institute. A survey was administered, this is followed by giving standardize English listening test which is a parameter to measure learners’ ability to comprehend English movie. Result presented in this paper shows that Indian English learners and speakers are more interested in local movie than in English movie irrespective of their level of English listening proficiency. This suggests that students’ lack of interest in English movie is an indication that English films might not be an effective tool for learning English.
It was realized that teaching methods were only exterior factors, and what to a large extent exerted determinative effect on the learners were their inner factors.Therefore, the focus of the foreign language teaching research shifted from "how to teach" to "how to learn" and from studying "teachers" to doing research on "students".This article briefly indicates the significance of beliefs, anxiety and motivation in English learning.Thus, the author gets the implications for module advancement teaching and testing.
Hatice Gülru Yüksel
Full Text Available The changes observed in the early 1990s have altered the conceptions of learning and teaching in the 21st century, which in turn have raised questions about the nature of teacher education and the core knowledge and skills to be taught to student teachers. Gaining insights about how student teachers project themselves as teachers of 21st century and how they assess their teaching capabilities became crucial for teacher educators and policy makers. This study was conducted with 40 pre-service teachers of English as a foreign language to investigate how they assess their teaching competences and how they project themselves as teachers of future. The study employed a convergent parallel mixed-method design. The findings from quantitative data indicated that their perception related to various teaching competencies were uniform and they feel themselves competent enough in teaching. However, they needed further help in classroom management. The qualitative data can be interpreted as a signal that our participants will possibly adopt a constructivist approach to language teaching.
Kecik, Ilknur; Aydin, Belgin
The aim of this article is to describe the model developed for the teaching practice component of the pre-service Distance English Language Teacher Training Program (DELTT) at Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey. The steps taken to improve the model over a six-year period will be explained and the recent developments in the teaching practice…
Apthorp, Helen; Wang, Xin; Ryan, Susan; Cicchinelli, Louis F.
This report on professional teaching standards in the Central Region examines what K-8 general education teachers are expected to know and be able to do in order to teach English language learner students. It reviews the standards for coverage of six topics that the research literature suggests are important for improving student achievement. Key…
Reading is a basis for English learning.In light of my present view on English language teaching,the students needs,the present teaching conditions,Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT)which has become one of the most important language teaching approaches that are brought forward by foreign language investigators is a good way to be used in the reading classroom. This paper presents an integrated approach,which is expected to be a great help to English teachers.
Reading is a basis for English learning.In light of my present view on English language teaching,the students needs,the present teaching conditions,Task-based Language Teaching(TBLT)which has become one of the most important language teaching approaches that are brought forward by foreign language investigators is a good way to be used in the reading classroom.This paper presents an integrated approach,which is expected to be a great help to English teachers.
Elio Jesús Cruz Rondón
Full Text Available Learning a foreign language may be a challenge for most people due to differences in the form and structure between one’s mother tongue and a new one. However, there are some tools that facilitate the teaching and learning of a foreign language, for instance, new applications for digital devices, video blogs, educational platforms, and teaching materials. Therefore, this case study aims at understanding the role of teaching materials among beginners’ level students learning English as a foreign language. After conducting five non-participant classroom observations and nine semi-structured interviews, we found that the way the teacher implemented a pedagogical intervention by integrating the four language skills, promoting interactive learning through the use of online resources, and using the course book led to a global English teaching and learning process.
Language is the carrier of culture .Culture is the essence of language .However , most Chinese English teaching seriously lacksthe diverse English culture acquisition .The main topic of this essay is to point out the lexicon differences between English and Chinese languagesand then is about the application of cross -cultural knowledge in English teaching .
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SHEN Wen-yan; HU Jun-jie
English movies are the cultural carriers of English-speaking countries with veritable colloquial expressions, authentic environment and abundant cultural connotation. Teaching English through English movies can not only help students learn Eng⁃lish language, but also acquire English culture. It’s also an effective way to improve students’oral English and their accultural communication ability.
Md. Mahroof Hossain
Language is one of the medium of expressing our ideas, feelings and emotions. And if we think about language in present world then English is one of the most used languages in the world and English is used as a second language in Bangladesh. English is introduced here at the primary level and its inclusion continues till the tertiary level of education. Most of the students of the primary schools in rural areas are weak in English language due to lack of skilled and trained teachers who are f...
@@ 0. Introduction Advances in computer analysis of the English language have shown that lexical patterns are widespread in language use. Some researchers call them "lexical phrases" (Nattinger and DeCarrico,1992) or "lexical chunks" (Lewis, 1993); others use the term "multi-word chunks" or just "chunks"of language. Whatever the terms are, they are characteristic of language use and language acquisition and present advantages for language teaching and learning. The lexical approach to English teaching has received interest in recent years as an alternative to grammar-based approaches. The lexical approach concentrates on developing learners' skills in understanding and using words and word combinations.
Djair Lázaro de Almeida
Full Text Available Historically the difficulties of deaf students in relation to reading and writing skills were attributed to some causes inherent to deafness, however, currently, it is known that these difficulties occur because of a lack of consideration during the process of teaching and learning, of the deaf language specificities. Thus, the vast majority of deaf people, young and old, had no schooling that had respected these specificities. Therefore, this study aims to describe and analyze pedagogical strategies for the teaching of written Portuguese as a second language, from the construction of knowledge in Libras, in workshops for graduated deaf students in the literacy levels of basic education. The activities of the workshops were documented by video recordings and record in field diaries. Based on the conceptual framework of cultural-historical approach, this study demonstrated the importance of the relationship between researchers and deaf participants offered by language, constituting a space for communication, training and development of individuals. The results indicated that the use of Libras as language of instruction in these areas is critical to the construction of concepts and acquisition of knowledge in reading and writing, as well as appropriated teaching and informed in pictorial resources favored dialogical exchange, facilitating the understanding for deaf people.
@@ English teaching is essentially a cross-culture communication. One purpose of English teaching is to develop learners' awareness of culture differences reflected in languages. Culture is like an iceberg, only some of culture is visible, such as history,literature, and customs.