British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.
This profile in outline form of the English language teaching situation in Sweden discusses the role of English within Swedish society and within the Swedish educational system. The status of English as the principal foreign language since 1945 for use in business, the media and tourism is pointed out. The system of English instruction in the…
Full Text Available Vocabulary is one of the three essential components that constitute language knowledge, and vocabulary teaching is an essential part in English language teaching. In this paper, we discuss some vocabulary teaching strategies, so as to help the memorizing of vocabulary and enhance the efficiency of vocabulary teaching and learning.
Qi Pan; Runjiang Xu
Vocabulary is one of the three essential components that constitute language knowledge, and vocabulary teaching is an essential part in English language teaching. In this paper, we discuss some vocabulary teaching strategies, so as to help the memorizing of vocabulary and enhance the efficiency of vocabulary teaching and learning.
The aim of the study was to investigate the use of laptops in English language teaching, its benefits and disadvantages. Three classroom observations, six student interviews and three teacher interviews were carried out to answer the study’s research questions, namely, what are the benefits and disadvantages of using laptops in the teaching of English at schools under study? How do teachers solve technical and pedagogical problems related to the use of laptops? What kinds of IT-support and po...
Selvi, A. F.; Yazan, B.
English has unquestionably become a global phenomenon, generating a fundamental discussion of EIL pedagogy for English language teaching practitioners around the world. Teaching English as an International Language captures this important moment in the history of English language teaching. Readers will find an accessible introduction to the past,…
Dr. T. Karunakaran; Suresh Babu, M.
The paper addresses the brief history of English language teaching (ELT) methods in general and the type of ELT methods. It also presents the recent research on English language teaching methods and the debates that move towards the post-method pedagogy in second language teaching/learning. The paper deals with the brief summary of the methods and approaches in language teaching from Grammar-translation method to Communicative Language Teaching. It also looks the debate on post-method pedagogy.
Vásquez, Anete; Smith, Philip C
This thoroughly revised and updated edition of Teaching Language Arts to English Language Learners provides readers with the comprehensive understanding of both the challenges that face ELLs and ways in which educators might address them in the language arts classroom. The authors offer proven techniques that teachers can readily use to teach reading, writing, grammar, and vocabulary as well as speaking, listening, and viewing skills. A complete section is also devoted to ways teachers can integrate all five strands of the language arts curriculum into a comprehensive unit of study w
This paper highlights the impact of gender differences in English Language Teaching. It explores students’ learning styles as affected by the notions about men and women differences in communication. The data collected in 2008 from 20 males and 20 females’ English students of the State University of Makassar. It is to reveal their attitudes towards speaking to different sex, strategy to express opinion, group work preferences, activeness/passiveness, and their perception to increase English s...
In the field of English-language teaching, there has been increasing interest in how literacy development is influenced by institutional and community practice and how power is implicated in language-learners' engagement with text. In this article, I trace the trajectory of my research on identity, literacy, and English-language teaching informed…
Dr. T. Karunakaran
Full Text Available The paper addresses the brief history of English language teaching (ELT methods in general and the type of ELT methods. It also presents the recent research on English language teaching methods and the debates that move towards the post-method pedagogy in second language teaching/learning. The paper deals with the brief summary of the methods and approaches in language teaching from Grammar-translation method to Communicative Language Teaching. It also looks the debate on post-method pedagogy.
Reyes, Sharon Adelman
This book provides guidelines for using constructivist teaching methods with English language learners and includes classroom examples, grade-level connections, and strategies that promote educational equity.
In the field of English language teaching, there has been increasing interest in the way literacy development is influenced by institutional and community practices, and the way power is implicated in language learners’ engagement with text. In this paper, I trace the trajectory of my research on identity, literacy, and English language teaching, informed by theories of investment and imagined communities. Data from English language classrooms in Canada, Pakistan, and Uganda sugge...
In this paper, we introduce the theoretical background of Jazz Chants and its definition, and then discuss the application of Jazz Chants in English Language Teaching, esp. the methods, including the definition of Jazz Chants, the methods which could be applied in the teaching, how to teach different chants to the students in different ages, and its effects in language acquisition.
Mahdi Dahmardeh; Marilyn Hunt
The present article arises from a three-year cross sectional investigation into English language teaching in secondary schools in Iran and it aims to discuss the role of students’ motivation within English language teaching in Iran. In order to investigate this situation, a range of research instruments were used including a thorough review of literature, a desk based analysis of existing curriculum documentation, questionnaires and interviews completed by English language teachers i...
Full Text Available This paper highlights the impact of gender differences in English Language Teaching. It explores students’ learning styles as affected by the notions about men and women differences in communication. The data collected in 2008 from 20 males and 20 females’ English students of the State University of Makassar. It is to reveal their attitudes towards speaking to different sex, strategy to express opinion, group work preferences, activeness/passiveness, and their perception to increase English skills dealing with sex difference. It is revealed that female than male students were reluctant to speak to different sex; females preferred the direct way to express opinions (writing, work with the same sex, and tended to be passive in class. In addition, females saw the high possibility to increase their English skills by working with the same sex but the reverse is true for males. These different styles of female and male students in learning English were affected by the notions of women’s language.
British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.
The role and status of English instruction in Iraq is outlined. The role of English in Iraq as a whole, English instruction within the educational system, teacher qualifications, instructional materials, English instruction outside the educational system, British and American support for English instruction in Iraq, and the status of English…
Language is closely related to culture. Language expresses and embodies cultural reality, in the meantime, culture exerts enormous influences on language. Therefore, language learning is often culture learning. The author, based on the negligence of culture teaching in English language classes, illustrates the influences of cultural knowledge on reading, translating and intercultural communicating, and proposes suggestions on culture teaching in English language teaching (ELT).
Full Text Available A hedge is a mitigating word or sound used to lessen the impact of an utterance. It can be an adjective, for example, â€˜Small potato me is not as strong as youâ€™; or an adverb: â€˜I maybe can swim faster than youâ€™, while it can also consist of clauses, that it could be regarded as a form of euphemism which should be taught as a main topic in English class of schools around the world. For instance, in Hong Kong schools, based on my observation while teaching in a number of primary and secondary English courses as a tutor, students report that their school teachers usually emphasize the teaching of all cohesive devices in terms of skills of writing while they neglect to explain the importance of the use of hedges in order to show euphemism. In this study, I would adopt Corpus Linguistics, a division of applied linguistics, as methodology to discover a great deal of hedges employed by so-called native speakers of English, for promoting the idiomatic usage of hedges in writing, nevertheless in speaking, so as to help teachers gain resources and inspiration in teaching to students the appropriate English hedges as a consequence of the authorâ€™s hard effort while revealing from the selected corpora of this paper.
English language teaching textbooks (or coursebooks) play a central role in the life of a classroom. This edited volume contains research-informed chapters focusing on: analysis of textbook content; how textbooks are used in the classroom; and textbook writers' accounts of the materials writing, design, and publishing process.
Jenks, Christopher J.
This paper discusses the importance of teaching English language learners (ELLs) three reading strategies to help facilitate a productive literacy environment, suggesting that students must be taught specific reading strategies in which purpose, comprehension, and memorization are facilitated. The first section presents a pre-reading strategy,…
A hedge is a mitigating word or sound used to lessen the impact of an utterance. It can be an adjective, for example, â€˜Small potato me is not as strong as youâ€™; or an adverb: â€˜I maybe can swim faster than youâ€™, while it can also consist of clauses, that it could be regarded as a form of euphemism which should be taught as a main topic in English class of schools around the world. For instance, in Hong Kong schools, based on my observation while teaching in a number of primary and seco...
The grammar translation method instructs students in grammar, and provides vocabulary with direct translations to memorize. It was the predominant method in Europe in the 19th century. Most instructors now acknowledge that this method is ineffective by itself. It is now most commonly used in the traditional instruction of the classical languages.
Ersöz, Aydan; Gazi University, Gazi Faculty of Education, Foreign Languages Teaching Department
Human beings are bom with an intense need to explore, interact with, and make sense of their environment. However, with formal schooling, they seem to lose their enthusiasm and passion for learning. This fact implies that the school and its elements such as teachers, subjects, materials, have an important responsibility for increasing student motivation to learn. The aim of this article is to stress the importance of having an intrinsic motivation in English language teaching (ELT). Hence, th...
Feng Liu; Yun Ding
Role-play is an effective technique to animate the teaching and learning atmosphere, arouse the interests of learners, and make the language acquisition impressive. So this research will mainly focus on how to apply it successfully and take the most advantage of it in English class. The outcome shows there are four crucial factors for its success: the topic chosen should be real and relevant; the teacher need 'feed-in' the appropriate language; correct errors in a proper way; some of teachers...
The paper first shortly presents the basic postulates of cognitive linguistics, including A. Goldberg's construction grammar, as an important theory developing within the cognitive linguistic approach to the grammatical level of language structure.Then it moves on to examine the ways the various theoretical insights of cognitive linguistics can practically be applied to language teaching at English departments, with the focus being primarily on the syntactic and the lexical levels. Apart from...
English education in India has largely depended on the teaching of literature. It is only in the recent years that there has been a shift of emphasis from teaching literature to language. The relationship between literature and English language teaching has been rather a difficult marriage throughout all these years. In many situations while English language teaching adopted a structural approach, literature was taught as a separate subject. Nevertheless, current approaches have endeavored to...
ELT is in a flux, but certain exploratory and empirical studies reported a decade or two ago have potential for adaptation. The articles in the volume not only offer a substantive and methodological perspective for teachers and educators in relevant facets of ELT but also present international and comparative dimensions of applied language teaching practices. The contributing teacher-researchers reflect on learners' proficiency and their performances, errors in the usage of conjunctions, idiomatic expressions, vocabulary learning, rhetorical structures in everyday English use, functional appli
This paper investigates the role of the Berlitz method of teaching English in today's language education. The Berlitz method has been present in the English language area for a long time and the principal objective of this diploma thesis was to prove that even today, it is a very successful and effective method of teaching English, whose characteristics should be implemented in language classrooms around the world. The first part of my thesis introduces the history of English language tea...
In this thesis, the emphasis is laid on the culture teaching in the English learning, and on the discussion of the relationship between culture and culture, which makes us realize that learning English is inseparable from learning it culture. Judging from this, the author proposes a classification of cultural items, some teaching approaches as well as some main principles of cultural teaching. Key words: Culture; Teaching; Approaches; Principles Resumé: Dans cette thèse, l'accent est mis sur ...
Nguyen Duc Chinh
The focus of culture in English language teaching (ELT) has traditionally been on the target culture of English speaking countries. However, the new status of English as international language (EIL) has led to significant changes in the practice of teaching and learning culture in ELT. Rather than relying on the paradigm of native speaker competence and target culture, the culture teaching in ELT now aims at cultural diversity to develop learners as intercultural speakers in a globalised cont...
This new edition of Teach EFL is the ultimate practical reference guide to becoming an EFL teacher. "Riddell''s book is a classic - it answers all those questions new language teachers have....covers an amazing amount in a clear accessible way.". David Carr, Director of Teacher Training. International House London. This book is packed with information on:. -effective teaching techniques. -sound classroom management. -practical lesson planning. -successful job hunting and career development. This is an indispensable book for all new EFL teachers: a step-by-step guide on what to teach and how to teach it. This edition has been fully revised to include:. -insights from teachers working around the world. -up-to-date information on technology as an aid to learning. -comprehensive information on the increasingly popular task-based learning. -invaluable advice on making the transition from learning to teaching. -clear guidance on ongoing professional development. -useful examples of teaching in different internation...
BADEA ELENA CODRUTA
In the last two decades, legal English has attracted increasing interest and awareness, especially because English is predominantly the language of international legal practice. Legal English must be seen in the overall context of English for Specific Purposes , as it shares the important elements of need analysis, syllabus design, course design, and materials selection and development which are common to all fields of work in ESP. As with other varieties of ESP, Legal English implies the def...
Siddiqie, Shamsun Akhter
The treatment of culture in foreign language textbooks is comparatively a new trend in English Language Teaching (ELT) which is based on the growing consensus that language textbooks should attempt to raise students' awareness of international culture as well as that of their own. Being influenced by this thought, Bangladesh too like many other…
Full Text Available In English teaching, with the constant reform of teaching methods, body language as a kind of nonverbal language plays a very significant role in the interaction between teachers and students. It not only can express the speakers’ intention more accurately and effectively, simplify the teaching instruction, stimulate the students’ interest, optimize the purpose of English teaching and enhance teaching effectiveness, but also can help improve the students’ ability of listening, speaking, reading and so on. Through literature review, by inducing and summarizing, this paper did a survey on several kinds of body languages and their some aspects, such as their features, importance, etc. This paper aims at helping English teachers understand the application of body language in teaching, and encouraging them to try using body language in classes in order to assist their teaching. The English teachers in new times should use body language properly in their class teaching and bring its function in language teaching into full play to achieve the best teaching effects.
This document presents ideas on various topics in teaching English as a second language. Some of the problems of English orthography and semantics are illustrated. The role of contrastive analysis is mentioned with Spanish-English illustrations. A list of second-language-acquisition principles and techniques is provided, and suggestions for…
MARKU MONIS AND . M. V. RODRIQUES
Writing, like all other aspects of language, is communicative. In our real life we write e-mails, notes, covering letters, reports, curriculums, assignments, essays and so on. Some of us write articles or work on forums and websites. A few write stories and poems. All of these writing tasks have a communicative purpose and a target audience. In the English language classroom, however, writing often lacks this. There are many reasons, as there are lots of ways to make the writing...
Mahmoud, Montasser Mohamed AbdelWahab
This article discusses the relationship between culture and English language teaching (ELT) in the Arab World. A critical question arises in terms of ELT, that is, whether to teach culture along with English. To answer such a bewildering question, this article presents related literature and studies and discusses a theoretical frame based on…
Dr. Madhvi Rathore
Full Text Available English is a language which has vast scope and influences the whole personality of an individual. There is no doubt that English has become a universal language. Today language teachers are frequently making use of technology. The use of technology not only helps in improving the basic skills but also positively contributes in the development of high thinking skills. The use of technologies such as PowerPoint and interactive white board is attracting the students in classroom. Teachers can teach students basic grammatical rules from the English language exercises available on the Internet. Students can use on line dictionaries, pronouncing dictionaries to improve their communication skills. Students can learn English through language games, video, audio clips, text on internet and other internet language learning software. This paper intends to maximize the positive effect of new emerging technology in teaching English language and to minimize the negative effects of emerging technology in English language teaching. New media usually includes: online news, websites, 3-D and virtual reality environments and effects, highly interactive user interfaces, mobiles, presentation and computing capabilities, telephones, online communities, live internet broadcasting and print media. Our general aim is to explore the design and use of new emerging technology in English language teaching. New emerging technology makes learning atmosphere pleasant and conductive. It replaces our traditional class rooms into smart class rooms.
Concerted efforts to characterise Botswana English (BE), though still referred to as "a variety in development", have validated its existence. However, the teaching and assessment of English in the high schools do not seem to have responded to the development of this variety. This paper discusses the viability of using Standard British English as…
Alsagoff, Lubna; Hu, Guangwei; Renandya, Willy A
What general principles should inform a socioculturally sensitive pedagogy for teaching English as an International Language and what practices would be consistent with these principles? This text explores the pedagogical implications of the continuing spread of English and its role as an international language, highlighting the importance of socially sensitive pedagogy in contexts outside inner circle English-speaking countries. It provides comprehensive coverage of topics traditionally included in second language methodology courses (such as the teaching of oral skills and grammar), as well
Demiroz, Hakan; Yesilyurt, Savas
Studies conducted so far have mainly focused on investigating the characteristics of effective foreign language teachers to understand the role of teacher effectiveness in the process of language learning, while there is scarcity of studies focusing on the perceptions of the characteristics of effective foreign language teaching of the students of…
This book critically examines current ELT practices visàvis the use of English as an international lingua franca. It bridges the gap between theoretical discussion and the practical concerns of teaching English as an international language, and presents diverse approaches for preparing competent users of English in international contexts.
María Luisa Pérez Cañado
This article underscores the importance of keeping up to date with vocabulary which is currently employed in English-speaking countries. It argues that textbooks, dictionaries and even corpora are not the most reliable sources to do this, and puts forward a pedagogical proposal – grounded in the Lexical Approach and three pedagogical innovation projects – to incorporate ‘real’ English into the language classroom. After clarifying what is meant by such ‘real’ English expressions and providing...
Allison, Barbara N.; Rehm, Marsha L.
English language learners represent the fastest growing segment of the U.S. school-age population, raising the question of how best to teach this new and challenging group of students. The research and scholarly literature has identified a number of instructional strategies and classroom practices that have been shown to be effective in teaching…
Luu Hoang Mai; Luu Thi Bich Ngoc; Luu Trong Tuan
Teaching is an interesting profession with new approaches expanding teachers’ roles and giving teachers more insights into how to help their learners (Larsen-Freeman, 1988). This paper serves as a reflection on our teaching English to first-year EFL students at Saigon Technology University which demonstrates how Ellis’s (2005) principles of Instructed Language Learning were applied in Vietnam context.
Önem, Evrim; Ergenç, Iclal
Much research has shown that there is a negative relationship between high levels of anxiety and success for English language teaching. This paper aimed to test a model of teaching for anxiety and success in English language teaching to affect anxiety and success levels at the same time in a control-experiment group with pre- and post-test study…
Making Everything Easier! Teaching English as a Foreign Language for Dummies Learn to:Put an EFL course programme together from scratchLet your students loose in skills classes - from reading to listeningDeliver grammar lessons in a logical and intuitive wayCope with different age groups and capabilities Your one-stop guide to a career that will take you places If you thought that teaching a language that''s second nature to you would be easy, think again! Explaining grammar, or teaching correct pronunciation while simultaneously developing your own skills as a teacher can be a huge challenge.
Barfield, Susan C.; Uzarski, Joelle
One of the most important components of a culture is its language. With language, people not only expeditiously communicate; they also express their values, beliefs, and world views. When a language becomes extinct, a part of the cultural patrimony of humanity is lost. For linguists, this also means the loss of an opportunity for a better…
In the field of English language teaching interest is growing in issues related to teaching English as an international language due to the rapidly changing status of English worldwide. This article identifies key theoretical issues, such as the spread of English, ownership of English, linguistic variation and intelligibility, and also discusses which variety of English to teach and the appropriateness of communicative language teaching methodology for teaching English as an international la...
Luu Hoang Mai
Full Text Available Teaching is an interesting profession with new approaches expanding teachers’ roles and giving teachers more insights into how to help their learners (Larsen-Freeman, 1988. This paper serves as a reflection on our teaching English to first-year EFL students at Saigon Technology University which demonstrates how Ellis’s (2005 principles of Instructed Language Learning were applied in Vietnam context.
Shanahan, Therese; Shea, Lauren M.
English learners are faced with the dual challenge of acquiring English while learning academic content through the medium of the new language (Lee et al. in J Res Sci Teach 45(6):726-747, 2008; Stoddart et al. in J Res Sci Teach 39(8):664-687, 2002) and therefore need specific accommodations to achieve in both English and the content areas. Teachers require higher quality and new forms of professional development to learn and meet the needs of their students. This study examines the impact of one professional development model that explicitly embedded language learning strategies into science inquiry lessons. It also demonstrates how teachers involved in the PD program improve their self-efficacy about language instruction embedded in content and how they interpret and implement the methodology.
Hossein Jamshidi Avanaki; Bahador Sadeghi
In this article ELT in Iranian universities will be briefly introduced with its problems which are related mainly to lack of the most university instructors training, class settings; textbooks and more than all applied teaching approaches that usually operate theoretically rather than practically. To know a language means to use it efficiently. Since English is not used as a second language in Iranian Society, therefore, it should be taught/learnt for its application and we see this pro...
Full Text Available In the field of English language teaching interest is growing in issues related to teaching English as an international language due to the rapidly changing status of English worldwide. This article identifies key theoretical issues, such as the spread of English, ownership of English, linguistic variation and intelligibility, and also discusses which variety of English to teach and the appropriateness of communicative language teaching methodology for teaching English as an international language. The main aim is to identify and discuss the issues related to teaching English as an international language in general, as well as highlighting the applications of these issues in the Turkish context
Hossein Jamshidi Avanaki
Full Text Available In this article ELT in Iranian universities will be briefly introduced with its problems which are related mainly to lack of the most university instructors training, class settings; textbooks and more than all applied teaching approaches that usually operate theoretically rather than practically. To know a language means to use it efficiently. Since English is not used as a second language in Iranian Society, therefore, it should be taught/learnt for its application and we see this problem adequately in Iranian Language instructional system. This problematic issue can be reduced or removed from the system through a fit and suitable practiced way of teaching. Having identified and argued the problems, the authors forward some useful and applicable recommendations and finally the conclusions will end the article.
This paper examines the role of illustrations in the context of English Language Teaching (ELT) coursebooks produced in Portugal. Taking illustrations to be one pilar in the construction of meaning throughthe representation of culture, the discussion shifts between their useover the last 35 years and their potential as a source of innovation andimprovement in this area of ELT materials development. The centralissue relates to the need for illustrations to perform something more thana decorati...
Groundbreaking in the ways it makes new connections among emotion, critical theory, and pedagogy, this book explores the role of students' and teachers' emotions in college instruction, illuminating key literacy and identity issues faced by immigrant students learning English in postsecondary institutions. Offering a rich blend of, and interplay between, theory and practice, it asks: How have emotions and affect been theorized from a critical perspective, and how might these theories be applied to English language teaching and learning? What do complex and shifting emotions, such as hope, disa
In this paper, the author reviews the history of English language teaching English as a second or foreign language in schools and colleges in Nepal. Teaching English language and literature in Nepal is of about a half a decade, starting from the mid of twentieth century. English learners in Nepal do not have enough exposure to various techniques…
This article contends that, in spite of a recent upsurge in writing on non-native English-speaking teachers (NNESTs) in the global discourse of English language teaching (ELT), the experiences of NNESTSs working within their own state educational systems remain seriously under-investigated. To help to redress this, the article explores, from their…
Mustafa Öztürk; Ali Y?ld?r?m
This study aimed to investigate the nature of the induction process of English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers teaching at tertiary level through individual interviews. In order to gather intended data, fifteen novice instructors teaching at four different public universities in Ankara were interviewed on a basis of two criteria: (a) having 1 to 3 years of teaching experience, and (b) teaching at higher education level. The data gathered from the interviews were transcribed, coded, and c...
This is a study to focus on analyzing the use of constructive teaching method toward the students' motivation in learning content subject of Introduction to Research of English Language Teaching. By using a mix-method of qualitative and quantitative analysis, the data are collected by using questionnaire and classroom observation. The…
Language plays a crucial role in the development of human society. It is the main means of communication between individuals, groups and countries. Nowadays in China, more and more people are learning English as a second language. What is the effective method of learning a foreign language becomes their chief concern. Basically speaking, four modules are involved in the process of second language acquisition. They are listening, reading, writing and speaking. In English language teaching and ...
The Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) method has been the proposed teaching method under the current national English curriculum since 2001. However, few studies have investigated in-service teachers' response to this proposed language teaching method. In this study, thirty public school English teachers were recruited in Beijing across school…
This research study tries to understand the information processing model and social learning theory in regards to teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) to Spanish speakers by using peer teaching methods. This study will examine each theory's concepts and frameworks to better comprehend what teaching methods support English language learning.…
Altay, Ismail Firat
As is known, writing is an indispensable part of language education. As far as English Language Teaching Departments are concerned, writing courses, especially Advanced Writing Skills, are taken as a course of higher importance. However, forming a syllabus for Advanced Writing Course for English Language Teaching Departments is not an easy matter.…
Full Text Available Institutions of higher learning carry a burden of inculcating a culture of academic ethical behaviour among students as part of their responsibility to produce citizens of high calibre. In fact, this burden is more expedient and pronounced because of aberrant behaviours such as cheating that can affect institutions’ credibility. This paper therefore looks into potentially the prevalent attitude towards cheating among students in a University College in Oman. The research is carried out qualitatively through video recording a testing session and through unstructured interviews in order to gather evidence of cheating and to establish reasons why students cheat. Most importantly, it seeks to address this attitude by advocating the role that English Language Teaching (ELT plays in dealing with this problem. The main reasonbehind cheating, which seems to reflect the prevailing socio-cultural dimension, ishighlighted and measures to address the attitude are put forward.
Based on a diagnosis of the problems in the traditional way of teaching English reading in China, this paper introduces the "whole language" theory and explores its application to the teaching of English reading. To begin with, it demonstrates the various problems in the teaching of English reading which severely prevent the improvement…
Hong Thi Nguyen; Wendy Warren; Heather Fehring
This paper reports part of a study that aims to explore factors affecting the efficacy of non-major English teaching and learning in Vietnamese higher education through an investigation of classroom practices. Eight non-participant class observations were conducted at HUTECH University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The study’s findings show that many factors hinder the quality of English teaching and learning: uninteresting teaching style; insufficient time for communicative activities; grammar...
In this report I wish to investigate whether or not bilingual children in Denmark are faced with specific challenges in the Danish primary school when learning English as a third language. My focus is bilingual children whose parents primarily speak a different mother tongue than Danish, which means that the children have learned Danish in institutional settings such as kindergarten and school. I am interested in looking into what specific challenges these children and especially their teache...
Moughamian, Ani C.; Rivera, Mabel O.; Francis, David J.
This publication seeks to offer educators and policy-makers guidance on strategies that have been effective in instructing English language learners (ELLs). The authors begin by outlining key contextual factors that decision-makers should take into account when making instructional choices for English language learners, then follow with a brief…
Dr. Madhvi Rathore; Neha Singhvi
English is a language which has vast scope and influences the whole personality of an individual. There is no doubt that English has become a universal language. Today language teachers are frequently making use of technology. The use of technology not only helps in improving the basic skills but also positively contributes in the development of high thinking skills. The use of technologies such as PowerPoint and interactive white board is attracting the students in classroom. Teachers can te...
In the highest of need for a transformative new pedagogy with adolescent English Language Learners, I designed and conducted this qualitative case study to answer the questions on the in-depth meaning of innovative teaching practices in new times. Grounded in the sociocultural perspectives, and in accordance with the qualitative case study…
Richard C. Ihejirika
A close look at literature and language shows that the two are closely related. This close relationship is obvious because from all indications, literature presupposes language. It is inconceivable to discuss literature without reference to language. But going by the traditional practice at the secondary school level in Nigerian context, there are indications that Literature and English Language are treated as two separate school subjects. At the senior secondary school level, the subjects ar...
Ideal as a supplementary text for a variety of courses and as a guide for in-service teachers and for professional development settings, "Teaching English Language Learners: 43 Strategies for Successful K-8 Classrooms" provides teachers of all content areas with a broad, practical approach to teaching English language learners in the regular…
The article presents the many dilemmas concerning the status of English language-and-culture (as a conjoint phenomenon) and the approach to teach it in a non-native environment. It especially focuses on the alternatives of teaching English as a foreign or as an international language, pointing to the problems relating to the choice of any of these particular frameworks.
The theory of five elements, the core of Chinese ancient philosophical framework is the holistic view of thinking as the simplest concept in Chinese traditional culture. Researches on this theory applied in linguistic study are still blank. This paper attempts, from the yin-yang perspective of five elements generated in foreign language teaching practice, to explain and demonstrate the correspondent relationship among five teaching elements in EFL, to explain the phenomenon of internal changi...
Mansfield Gillian; Poppi Franca
The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must ne...
Phillips, S; Hartley, J T
Nursing students for whom English is a second language (ESL) are now found in greater numbers in nursing schools. Their presence in nursing contributes to the diversity of the profession, but the language difficulties these students experience may influence academic achievement. Nurse educators can assist ESL students in reaching their career goal by being aware of the special language problems the students can encounter in academic settings and by instituting early and appropriate retention interventions. PMID:2216069
Elliott de Riverol, Jenny
This paper secks to examine the place of literature in the foreign language class and looks at the enrichening effect its use has, both from a cultural and linguistic viewpoint. Examples given will be mainly from personal experience gained from teaching adult Spanish speakers.
Bassma Basheer Nomass
This paper aims to highlight the role of using modern technology in teaching English as a second language. It discusses different approaches and techniques which can assist English language students to improve their learning skills by using technology. Among these techniques are online English language learning web sites, computer assisted language learning programs, presentation software, electronic dictionaries, chatting and email messaging programs, listening CD-players, and learning video...
Romanova Olga Nikolaevna / ???????? ????? ??????????
Full Text Available Vocational teaching of the English language enables a future designer to obtain skills and knowledge, which provide personal competitiveness and chances of success in professional activity. The article is concerned with professionally-oriented approach to teaching the English language. The author analyses various view-points existing among scientists in pedagogy. The paper also stresses that communication in a foreign language becomes the important element in professional activity of future specialists / ???????????????-??????????????? ???????? ??????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ??????, ?????????????? ?????? ????????????????????? ? ????? ?? ????? ? ???????????????? ????????????
As the speakership of English worldwide continues to grow, English language teachers are required to devise ways to prepare their learners for communicating successfully across cultures. As pragmatics is particularly tied up with culture, the ways in which individuals from different cultures will orient to pragmatic phenomena in their interaction…
The concept of globalization has brought dynamism in each aspect of the world. The changes have also touched the field of English language teaching (ELT) throughout the world. Bangladesh is no more far from that transformation. It has already attempted to the innovation of ELT. The country has moved from long term-practiced Grammar Translation…
Wing Bo Tso, Anna
Tertiary English Language teachers often tend to focus on teaching vocational English skills, improving students’ grammatical structure, vocabulary and other standard forms of linguistic expression. Unabridged and authentic literary texts are seldom introduced to the language classroom, either because most teachers see literature as difficult or inappropriate for teaching English (Savvidou, 2004), or that foreign students at the tertiary level are not interested in pure academic and literary ...
Chval, Kathryn B.; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Thomas, Amanda
Research in mathematics education increasingly recognizes the role of language in the education of English language learners. However, research examining the professional growth of mathematics teachers as they learn to teach English language learners is sparse. This case study addresses this issue by examining one third grade teacher as she learned how to focus on language as she designed and taught mathematics lessons to facilitate the participation of English language learners. Data sources consist of audio recordings of interviews, lesson planning sessions, and lesson debrief sessions as well as video recordings of mathematics lessons. The results from this study demonstrate the importance of professional development that emphasizes language in the teaching of mathematics. As the teacher began to learn about the components of the intervention, she developed specialized knowledge and competencies so that she was able to address language planning and development that was necessary to successfully teach mathematics to English language learners.
The study consists of surveys concerning Chinese culture in English language teaching, which reveal the insufficiency of the input of native culture, the insufficiency of the non-English majors’ ability to express Chinese culture in English and the students’ attitude toward such insufficiency. Based on the results and analysis, it explores reasons leading to this phenomenon, elaborates the necessity of integrating native culture, and offers some suggestions on English teaching practice. By ad...
Chval, Kathryn B.; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Thomas, Amanda
Research in mathematics education increasingly recognizes the role of language in the education of English language learners. However, research examining the professional growth of mathematics teachers as they learn to teach English language learners is sparse. This case study addresses this issue by examining one third grade teacher as she…
Full Text Available Today, English is recognized as an associate official language of the Union of India. It is the only language which is a window to the world of knowledge for Indians. In every sphere of life whether social, political, academic, cultural or economic, it holds a significant value. It has played a very important role in building modern India. It enjoys a previleged position. Higher Education in science, medicine, engineering, technology etc. is not possible without English. Higher studies in any discipline are not possible without English. In this era of Information Communication Technology, and the Internet, no country can afford to live without English. It is essential for e-education, e-learning, e-commerce and e-governance. English has become an international asset which can be called world English. English is spoken and understood all over the globe, so it has got international importance. Naturally its popularity on the basis of its utility all over the globe determines its strength. It is through English that we can establish political, cultural, intellectual and economic relations with the rest of the world. It is the means of international communication. After the initial turmoil and resistance against continuing English in India, there is a shift in the attitude of Indians who now recognize the significance of English for national growth.
The place of native and non-native speakers in the role of English teachers has probably been an issue ever since English was taught internationally. Although ESL and EFL literature is awash, in fact dependent upon, the scrutiny of non-native learners, interest in non-native academics and teachers is fairly new. Until recently, the voices of non-native speakers articulating their own concerns have been even rarer. This book is a response to this notable vacuum in the ELT literature, providing a forum for language educators from diverse geographical origins and language backgrounds. In additio
Full Text Available Language plays a crucial role in the development of human society. It is the main means of communication between individuals, groups and countries. Nowadays in China, more and more people are learning English as a second language. What is the effective method of learning a foreign language becomes their chief concern. Basically speaking, four modules are involved in the process of second language acquisition. They are listening, reading, writing and speaking. In English language teaching and learning, mastering these four modules means a lot. Speaking and writing skills, as the productive modules, are usually more difficult for learners. In this essay, from the origin and functions of language, the correlation and disparities between speaking and writing skills are analyzed and possible ways of improving these two skills in second language acquisition are explored and suggested.
Hu, Zhiwen; McGrath, Ian
This paper describes a study of ICT-related teacher development in the context of a national reform of College English teaching in China. The reform, in which emphasis was placed on use of information and communications technology (ICT) in classroom teaching and self-access learning, had challenged teachers of English as a foreign language to…
Ken-Maduako, Ibiere; Oyatogun, Aituari Taiwo
This paper strives to ascertain the use of teamwork as an instructional strategy in an English language lesson, in a typical Nigerian classroom. Teamwork is the ability of people to work together to achieve a common purpose and team players are the high achievers in the team whose main preoccupation is to see that teams achieve their stated…
The best-selling complete course for a fun and effective way to learn English as a foreign language. This ISBN is for the paperback book. The corresponding audio support (ISBN: 9781444105483) is also available. The book and audio support can also be purchased as a pack (ISBN: 9781444102376).
The small sultanate of Brunei, located on the island of Borneo in the South China Sea, introduced bilingual education shortly after independence. As a consequence, Brunei's Ministry of Education outsourced much of its English language teaching requirements to qualified expatriate teachers. Despite over 25 years of systemic English language…
Allsagoff, Lubna, Ed.; McKay, Sandra Lee, Ed.; Hu, Guangwei, Ed.; Renandya, Willy A., Ed.
What general principles should inform a socioculturally sensitive pedagogy for teaching English as an International Language and what practices would be consistent with these principles? This text explores the pedagogical implications of the continuing spread of English and its role as an international language, highlighting the importance of…
Through this case study the author explores how an exemplary teacher utilized social studies curriculum and pedagogy to engage English language learners (ELLs) in learning in a culturally relevant and meaningful way and discusses practical implications for teaching and learning.
In the foreign education, the importance of teaching of foreign culture has been widely recognized. How to teach culture in foreign language education is faced by language educators all over the world. The question is very complicated since the answer relies on our understanding of the relation between the home culture and foreign culture, the relation between language and culture. This article deals with the deep connotation of English culture. It sets forth the differences between Chinese a...
Full Text Available Competency-based curriculum has been widely implemented by many higher institutions in Indonesia. It is expected that the competency-based curriculum, which puts more emphasis on the needs of job market, prepare students for specified tasks. Competency in a general sense can be seen from the task performance. English language competency is one of the basic competencies which should be acquired by a university graduate in order to enter international market and survive the global competition. The institution which offers English language as part of their curriculum must answer the demand for an English language competent graduate by preparing the best way to teach the language. This article examines the steps to develop a competency-based English language teaching where student's attitude and achievement comprise the important segments of evaluation. It focuses on the challenges, which will probably be faced by the teachers in implementing this competency-based teaching at the university level.
Coskun, Abdullah; Arslan, Abdullah
This paper aims to emphasize the importance of using Moodle in foreign language learning and teaching by reviewing relevant literature and introducing a Moodle-based environment aiming to help English learners to practice their English by themselves. Firstly, the use of Moodle in education and more specifically in English Language Teaching is…
Tan, Melinda Mui Leng
This thesis attempts to do three things. Firstly, it attempts to bring a new contribution to knowledge about fixed idiomatic expressions in English, by demonstrating that the overall meaning of such expressions need not always be conveyed by the presence of lexical words. Linguistic observation of natural and authentic language use has shown the existence of fixed idiomatic expressions consisting solely of grammatical words and possessing a particular overall meaning. Some of these expression...
Lin, Tzu-Bin; Wu, Chiao-Wen
After introducing new curriculum guidelines during education reform, the Taiwan Ministry of Education has taken the lead in integrating a communicative approach into the new English language curriculum. Task-based language teaching (TBLT) is viewed as a realisation of communicative language teaching and is one of the most popular English language…
Full Text Available In India English is taught as a second or foreign language. Therefore, teaching English is an Iindispensible topic because it is impossible to commutate effectively with all class of people across the country without English. As English is the language of global communication, it is inevitable to look it from the linguistic and pedagogic points of view across the countries where English non-native language. Keeping all these features and functions of English in mind, the present paper aims to provide some solutions to overcome the problems of the new learners of English language in rural India. It will prove a path-paving step to acquire the fluency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. If a beginner pays sufficient attention towards the suggestions suggested in the present research paper, no doubt he will come out as a good user of the English language .
Full Text Available Through the introduction and comparative analysis on the Grammar Translation Method and Communicative Approach, the present paper proposes that under the current Chinese educational circumstances, the two methods should be localized in order to adjust to the characteristics of Chinese college English classroom teaching. By combination and further perfection, the Grammar Translation Method and Communicative Approach can serve as college English classroom teaching methods with outstanding Chinese characteristics, which enable the students to improve their language competence and communicative competence, thus the transfer from teacher-centeredness and student-centeredness to learning-centeredness can be achieved.
Key words: The Grammar Translation Method, The Communicative Approach, College English Classroom Teaching
Résumé: A travers la présentation et la comparaison de la traduction grammaticale et de la communication, le présent article propose qu’il faut contextualiser ces deux méthodes pour les adapter à l’E/A de l’anglais universitaire chinois et aux étudiants chinois tout en accentuant la caractéristique chinoise. Ces deux méthodes, après la combinaison, le greffage, l’amélioration, pourraient devenir la méthodologie d’E/A de l’anglais universitaire à la chinoise, qui contribuera à élever le niveau linguistique et communicatif des étudiants et à réaliser la transition du centrage sur l’enseignant et l’étudiant au centrage sur l’étude.
Mots-clés: traduction grammaticale, communication, E/A de l’anglais universitaire
Basel Al-Sheikh Hussein
The underlying study aims to investigate and analyze the actual reasons, attitudes, and purposes behind the use of the mother tongue (Arabic) in teaching English-as-a-second language to Arab students attending English courses as a university compulsory requirement for the study of English language and literature at Jordanian private and government-aided universities. To achieve this goal, the researcher analyzed data he collected from classroom observation at three different private universit...
Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL…
Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.
This document is the first in a 3-part collection titled "Teaching English Language Arts (ELA) to Francophone Program Students" to be used primarily by ELA teachers in their efforts to ensure that francophone program students build on their established French language skills when learning English. It is designed to show that a strong correlation…
mustafa naci kayao?lu
Full Text Available Language teachers in Turkey do not take a standard pre-service education as graduates of English Language Teaching (ELT, linguistics, and translation departments all end up with language teaching profession and this, in turn, results in different teaching needs and concerns. The researchers argue that these different concerns may be one of the underlying causes of chronic language education problems in Turkey, in that Turkish Ministry of National Education does not take into consideration the comparative picture of practicing teachers and composes curricula, teaching materials, and compulsory one-shot professional development activities that all reflect “one size fits all” ideology. Therefore, determining the needs and concerns of pre-service language teachers is of vital importance. The current study has arisen from Griffith’s (2012 call for more larger-scale studies on teacher concerns across different contexts via triangulation. The researchers aim at not only investigating teacher concerns but also painting a much detailed comparative picture between ELT and linguistics department prospective teachers. The researchers target convenience sampling, in the full knowledge that this group will not represent the whole population. However, this type of non-probability sampling can serve well when it is easy to gather much informative data. Building on the recent work of Griffiths (2012, the researchers have modified and extended the existing measurement tool of Griffiths (2012 to investigate the issue much deeper and compensate the caveats. They adapted her instrument and asked the participants to add their thoughts as well as deciding their concern level. The results are mainly in line with the referred study in terms of the rating and frequency. The study reveals that there are some differences between the concerns of ELT department students and language and literature department students. While prospective teachers studying at the ELTdepartment were found to be highly concerned about technology, their counterparts studying at the langauge and literature department were not interested in the issue. The study also reveals that despite EIL’s large space in the literature (Cogo, 2012; Sowden, 2012, it was not found as a major concern for the prospective teachers. Methodology was also the least rated concern for the prospective teachers at both departments on the contrary to the well-accepted literature.
It was in 1970s that American linguist S.D. Krashen created the theory of “language acquisition”. And the theories on second language acquisition were proposed based on the study on the second language acquisition process and its rules. Here, the second language acquisition process refers to the process in which a learner with the mastery of his mother language learns another language without its social environment. Due to the close relationship between second language acquisition research an...
Sar?göz, ?skender Hakk?; Gazi Üniversitesi, Gazi E?itim Fakültesi, Yabanc? Diller E?itimi Bölümü
Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) programs for young learners have different dimensions. Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory developed by H. Gardner (1983, 1993) brings a new perspective to lesson design. Teaching plans prepared considering the differences described in Ml theory may enable teachers to design teaching in a better way which will appeal to every student in the class. This study discusses the contribution of MI to TEFL by giving examples of lesson outlines prepared in ...
In spite of the urgent need for research into the socio-political contexts of the teaching and learning of English as a second/foreign language, the predominant paradigm of inquiry into EFL in the Chinese context still focuses on the functional aspects of second language education. In order to provide a critical understanding of the larger context of the hegemony of “global English,” this paper examines the teaching and learning of English in China as an integral part of the politics of the g...
Full Text Available It has been observed that the teaching and learning of a second foreign language (L3 in Turkey has gradually gained great importance recently. Studies on this subject are more based on methodological approaches. Our study focuses on the reasons why English - thaught as second language- should be taken into consideration while teaching German as a third language. This has been achieved by using a comperative methodology. The most crucial side of this study is showing how to facilitate learning German language by making positive transfer from English comperatively.As the result of this comperative study, it was concluded that similar structures initially have to be studied in order to transfer between two relative European languages. It should also be kept in mind that this comperative study will result in gaps- that is no matching between the languages in question. Since there are no articles in the Turkish language, it is thought that a comperative study on this subject between the two European languages will be of greater use in teaching german to Turkish students. English which has been the first foreign language taught in Turkey is of utmost use in serving as language bridge between German and Turkish.
Teaching Grammar, Structure and Meaning introduces teachers to some basic ideas from the increasingly popular field of cognitive linguistics as a way of explaining and teaching key grammatical concepts. Particularly suitable for those teaching post-16 English Language, this book offers a methodology for teaching key aspects of linguistic form and an extensive set of learning activities. Written by an experienced linguist and teacher, this book contains:· an evaluation of current approaches to the teaching of grammar and linguistic form· a revised pedagogy based on principles from cognitive sci
Metaphor in cognitive linguistics is not only a rhetorical device, but an important mental facility and cognitive instrument. Metaphors provide people a new perspective of perceiving the world and the application of cognitive theories of metaphor creates a new field of research to English teaching. After a brief analysis of the cognitive view on metaphor, this paper mainly focuses on how to apply the cognitive theories of metaphor to English language teaching.
Fox, C H; Meijer, F
Acquisition of an advanced medical degree beyond licensure and specialization is advantageous and encouraged in Swedish medical education. Since a thesis and a number of published works, usually in English are required, there is considerable interest in medical writing by doctors and medical scientists. A voluntary course in 'Biomedical Authorship' which included presentation of oral reports was offered by the Karolinska Institutes' Medical Faculty. This course was intended to prepare participants for their thesis work and for presentations at scientific congresses. The course revealed that the principle difficulty was not in English skills which were rather good, but in the students' inexperience in critically rereading what they had written and making suitable revisions. A case study method was used so that students acquired experience in critically reading and correcting their own work and that of others. An instructor who understood the evolution of academic Swedish was of considerable help in explaining some of the 'Swenglishisms' that arose during the course. The oral presentation portion, which used videotapes of students, showed the students as lacking experience in basic public speaking and as frequently being apprehensive. This was much improved by taped poetry readings, scientific reports and slide shows. This Swedish experience should apply to teaching biomedical writing in the other Scandinavian countries and in Northern Europe. PMID:7432214
Tsiplakides Iakovos; Fragoulis Iosif; Keramida Areti
Content-based instruction has gained widespread popularity in second and foreign language teaching. However, despite its reported benefits, many English teachers do not fully exploit its content and language learning benefits. In addition, there are relatively few studies which provide a theoretical foundation for content-based instruction and offer practical suggestions for its integration in EFL settings.This article aims to link theory to practice, and to help English teachers maximize the...
Jayakaran Mukundan; Vahid Nimehchisalem; Sima Sayadian
The present paper reports the findings of a study that investigated the physical and technical characteristics of the English language teaching courseware in Malaysia. A randomly selected group of English language teachers in Malaysia (n=200) were surveyed to evaluate the courseware. SPSS (18.0) was applied to analyze the data. The results showed that the teachers consider the technical and physical characteristics of the courseware (its technological sophistication and user-friendliness amon...
Nhapulo, Marcos Abilio
Full Text Available Recent studies have suggested that teacher and learner beliefs about second language instruction have a significant influence on language teaching and learning process and, consequently, on students’ achievements. However, in the Mozambican context, we still do not have studies focusing on learner and teacher beliefs about students and language proficiency, about teaching materials, about individual and cultural variations and beliefs about the learning process itself. Using questionnaires and a focus group report, we look at the Mozambican linguistic profile, the learner and teacher beliefs and their influence in tertiary English Language Teaching (ELT and learning. The results show that there is a need for creating an environment in which teachers’ and learners’ cultural background, beliefs and needs are considered so as to enable teachers to teach effectively, as well as enabling learners to achieve positive learning outcomes.
Pomeroy, Jonathon Richard
This research study investigated the changes that occurred in six student teachers' conceptions of teaching science to adolescent English language learners over the duration of their participation in a one-year, graduate level, science teacher education program. Cases were created for each of the student teachers based on their concept maps, writing samples, interviews, lesson plans, informal interviews with cooperating teachers, and observation notes collected on biweekly visitations. The cases were divided into three dyads each consisting of two student teachers with similar preprogram and student teaching experiences. Cross case analysis revealed the existence of seven themes related to teaching science to adolescent English language learners. Further analysis suggested that student teachers that worked with experienced cooperating teachers and who had achieved a sense of autonomy over their student teaching demonstrated broad and sophisticated growth across all seven themes. Student teachers who had not achieved a sense of autonomy, demonstrated growth in two to three themes. Student teachers who demonstrated broad and sophisticated growth were able to clearly articulate their conceptions of teaching science to English language learners where as those who demonstrated limited growth were not. This research establishes the use of concept maps as a tool for detecting changes in student teachers' conceptions of teaching science to adolescent English language learners as well as the sensitivity of concept maps to detect the types of changes historically detected by writing samples and interviews. Recommendations based on the implications from are included.
Full Text Available The paper is concerned with methodological aspects of using Case studies in Business English language teaching at University level. It emphasizes the benefits and opportunities of the Case study method as well as the role Case studies play in practicing and developing language, business communication and managerial skills. The paper analyses Case study as an example of Task-Based Learning (TBL method which focuses on communicative approach towards problem solving tasks presented in authentic Case studies. The paper deals with language and subject matter integration in the creation and implementation of Case studies in the Business English classroom which involves collaborative work of English language and subject matter lecturers. The integrated approach strengthens both students’ subject matter knowledge and language competence. The result of lecturer collaboration is the creation of Case study “Rukisu teja” which is based on a real Latvian family-run business and can be incorporated into both Business English and Entrepreneurship courses.
Ai-min ZOU; Mei-ning WANG; You-mei GAO
The repetitive coherence of theme and rheme comes through one of the important cohesive devices which make texture coherent and progressing. From cognitive point of view, applying the mode of thematic and rheme into English language teaching can display its tool function for texture. It also contributes to the understanding and interpretation of coherent discourses, and to the way in teaching reading and writing. Therefore? learners will leap forward from their cognitive level.
Jesús Alirio Bastidas
Full Text Available English teaching in Colombian primary schools became a requirement because of the promulgation of the Law of Education in 1994. Taking into account that this decision produced some difficulties in the schools, a study was conducted to diagnose the state of English language teaching in primary schools in Pasto, Colombia. Data were gathered through classroom observation, a questionnaire, and interviews. The results showed that teachers are not well versed either in methodology or in the command of the English language; there was no English syllabus; didactic materials were nonexistent; and the children’s lack of motivation was the most critical problem. Teachers, institutions and the government have to take into account these findings in order to improve English learning in primary schools.
Zaenab S. Abdul Majeed
Full Text Available This study is aimed to investigate the situation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT course taught in English language in secondary schools in Pahang, Malaysia. From a social point of view the study examines teachers’ attitude towards and applications of computer to further reveal the chances of their use of English language in the classroom. The objective data is collected from school teachers by using questionnaires and interviews. The data analysis is conducted through T-test the statistic results show that a good master of computer skills, a good knowledge of English language, more vitally, a clear awareness of the importance from the perspective of teachers, facilitate the teaching of computers in English language in the classroom. Thus, it suggests that in order to successfully integrate computers in education, the education system needs to be changed or to be adjusted accordingly.
Angela Strelchonok; Iveta Ludviga
The paper is concerned with methodological aspects of using Case studies in Business English language teaching at University level. It emphasizes the benefits and opportunities of the Case study method as well as the role Case studies play in practicing and developing language, business communication and managerial skills. The paper analyses Case study as an example of Task-Based Learning (TBL) method which focuses on communicative approach towards problem solving tasks presented in authentic...
Ogeyik, Muhlise Cosgun
Linguistic courses in ELT (English Language Teaching) departments, in some ways, may create obstacles due to their firm theoretical framework. Therefore, this study is concerned with the main problems for the students taking linguistic courses in ELT Department at Trakya University in Turkey. The purpose of the study is to investigate the…
Chun, Christian W.
Graphic novels can be used in the secondary school classroom as part of a multiliteracies approach to help develop critical literacies of English-language learner (ELL) students. One particular graphic novel, "Maus," is discussed as a possible teaching resource. Intellectually substantive graphic novels that foreground racism and immigrant…
Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter
Research capacity building has become a prominent theme in higher education institutions in China and across the world. However, Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language academics' research output has been quite limited. In order to build their research capacity, it is necessary to understand their perceptions about research. This case study…
Zhang, Shaoan; Stephens, Vernon
In this study, we examined six preservice teachers' learning of knowledge for secondary English-language learners (ELLs). The results indicated that the Student Teacher Enrichment Program helped preservice teachers become aware of the strategies for teaching ELLs and realize the discrepancies and differences between ELL code and linguistic…
The author reviews exemplary strategies for teaching reading to middle grades English language learners (ELLs) derived from 21 peer-reviewed journal articles and professional books. The author presents an in-depth look at three successful categories of reading strategies: interactive read-alouds to model fluent reading and engage learners, the…
Reach all of your English language learners with the effective and engaging approaches in this book. It's filled with practical tools, strategies, and real-world vignettes that will help you teach reading and writing to a diverse student population. The book features "Mental Energizers," aptitudes that will help sustain your commitment as you work…
Liyanage, Indika; Walker, Tony; Bartlett, Brendan; Guo, Xuhong
Culturally specific language practices related to vernacular uses of taboo language such as swearing represent a socially communicative minefield for learners of English. The role of classroom learning experiences to prepare learners for negotiation of taboo language use in social interactions is correspondingly complicated and ignored in much of…
Jaatinen, Riitta; Saarivirta, Toni
This study describes the evolution of English language teaching in Finland and looks into the connections of the societal and educational changes in the country as explanatory factors in the process. The results of the study show that the language teaching methodology and the status of foreign languages in Finland are clearly connected to the…
The paper deals with the problem of balance maintenance of natural languages in the context of foreign language teaching. A new paradigm of foreign language teaching in the following triad: native language – global language – second foreign language is proposed. Translingualism is treated as the only means of maintaining linguistic balance between natural languages viewed from an ecolinguistic perspective.
This dissertation explores one of the most fundamental but controversial issues in foreign language teaching (FLT) ? the role of the learners? mother tongue (MT)/first language in foreign language (FL) classrooms ? with a special focus on the FLT situations in China. The monolingual approach or the English-only approach, which excludes learners? MT from FL classrooms, is currently dominating the mainstream thinking in FLT. However, evidence presented in this study suggests that the MT is crit...
Devimeenakshi. K.; C. N. Baby Maheswari
The article gives information on English language teaching schemes in Indian classrooms for foreign students. The teacher monitors as facilitator and instructor. The trainees were trained in the four macro skills, LSRW. I taught some topics in three skills, namely, writing, listening and reading (just three, not speaking skills) to Chinese students in VIT University. The other skill speaking was trained by other teachers among the four. Students were trained to listen to English words and pa...
Lee, Okhee; Maerten-Rivera, Jaime; Buxton, Cory; Penfield, Randall; Secada, Walter G.
This descriptive study examined urban elementary school teachers’ perceptions of their science content knowledge, science teaching practices, and support for language development of English language learners. Also examined were teachers’ perceptions of organizational supports and barriers associated with teaching science to nonmainstream students. The study involved 221 third- through fifth-grade teachers from 15 urban elementary schools in a large school district. The teachers completed a survey in the spring of 2005. The internal consistency reliability estimates, Cronbach ?, for scales created from the survey items were within an acceptable range. The teachers reported that they were generally knowledgeable about science topics at their grade level and that they taught science to promote students’ understanding and inquiry. In contrast, the teachers reported rarely discussing student diversity in their own teaching or with other teachers at their schools. The teachers identified specific organizational supports and barriers in teaching science with diverse student groups at both the school and classroom levels.
Kataoka-Yahiro, M; Abriam-Yago, K
Asian nursing students for whom English is a second language have unique educational needs. These educational issues have not been addressed in the literature. The dynamic changes in the delivery of health care today and in the nursing profession have rapidly changed the academic and clinical requirements of nursing students and sometimes placed them at a disadvantage. This paper presents culturally competent teaching strategies specific to helping English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) Asian nursing students become active learners in their nursing programs. PMID:9384087
A new stage of development for modern distance education has been entered in China. The main signs are: One of the main tasks is a Plan of Action for the revitalization on modern distance education project as the 21st century education; the project of open educational pilot has been implemented by all Radio & TV University systems. Under such an educational situation, modern distance education pilot project developed in the English undergraduate students, in March 2000 in Changji. With th...
Full Text Available It is argued that learning the importance of positive reinforcement and unlearning the de-motivating and unfruitful experiences of one’s life can help students cope up with the existing inhibition about learning a foreign language and, in turn, can motivate them to do something productive and creative. In this respect, the role of drama, in EFL classroom, has been debated and recommended for achieving the intended effects. However, it has also been suggested that the motive of teaching a foreign language like English, through drama, is not to make the young learners professionals in acting but to provide an aid to learn and rehearse the language in its given framework. Exploring such arguments in support of the use of drama in EFL classroom, the present paper highlights the benefits of using drama as a teaching methodology so as to help the students in speaking in English and help them think ‘out of the box’. The practical application of the language in real-life situations is also suggested and recommended based upon the findings of the study. As the use of drama, in EFL classroom, has many benefits for EFL learners, attempt has also been made to investigate, discuss and explore different techniques and methods through which drama can be successfully introduced and incorporated in the foreign language classrooms for effective, motivating and interesting teaching and learning.
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The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must nevertheless boast a relevant place in the global scenario. This can be achieved in practical terms by interrogating an expressly made corpus of Chinese English news texts and carrying out simple concordance activities.
Debido a los procesos de globalización, la función del inglés como herramienta internacional o como lengua franca para la comunicación exige un replanteamiento de la enseñanza del inglés como idioma extranjero. En este artículo se presenta un estudio empírico llevado a cabo en un contexto universitario italiano que pretende mostrar cómo los docentes deberían desempeñar actividades para facilitar el reconocimiento de otras variedades del inglés que, al no ser utilizadas como modelos de evaluación y certificación lingüística, exigen en cambio una mayor atención en el escenario global. En la práctica, esto puede realizarse analizando un corpus específico de textos periodísticos en inglés chino y llevando a cabo actividades sencillas de concordancias.
Full Text Available This paper aims at emphasizing the use of literature as a popular technique for teaching both basiclanguage skills (i.e. reading, writing, listening and speaking and language areas (i.e. vocabulary,grammar and pronunciation in our times. Reasons for using literary texts in foreign language classroomand main criteria for selecting suitable literary texts in foreign language classes are stressed so as tomake the reader familiar with the underlying reasons and criteria for language teachers’ using andselecting literary texts. Moreover, literature and the teaching of language skills, benefits of differentgenres of literature (i.e. poetry, short fiction, drama and novel to language teaching and some problemsencountered by language teachers within the area of teaching English through literature (i.e. lack ofpreparation in the area of literature teaching in TESL / TEFL programs, absence of clear-cut objectivesdefining the role of literature in ESL / EFL, language teachers’ not having the background and trainingin literature, lack of pedagogically-designed appropriate materials that can be used by language teachersin a classroom context are taken into account.
Paulston, Christina B.
This report, prepared for the September 1975 UNESCO Meeting of Experts on the Diversification of Methods and Techniques for Teaching a Second Language, examines major achievements and recent trends of second language teaching in the United States. English is learned as a second language for several purposes - as a cultural acquisition, for…
Nguyen Viet Hung
This paper is a part in a bigger research project related to ELT quality in secondary schools in Vietnam since the implementation of the new series of English textbooks was officially passed by in 2006, and the innovated direction was paid to task-based language teaching (TBLT). The purpose of this paper is to make argumentation on why, what and how to use mixed approaches method to investigate two subdomains of teacher cognition - teacher perception and teacher belief. Firstly, an introducti...
Abbasian, Reza; Khajavi, Yaser
The purpose of present study was to evaluate English language teaching program of Iranian universities to see to what extent MI theory has been implemented in educational system. As Marsh (1997) holds “curriculum starts as a plan; it only becomes a reality when teachers implement it with real students in a real classroom" (cited in Anthony, 2008: 77). Since teachers and textbooks are manifestations of education in curriculum, the study intended to investigate how the content of textbooks repr...
Porras González Nohora Inés
This article presents the results of a study on utilizing stories for teaching English as a foreign language to children in first, second and third grades. It was carried out in a Colombian public elementary school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. The proposal was initiated by a group of student-teachers at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Seccional Bucaramanga. During the research process the student-teachers were required to plan the course syllabus, create their own stories according to the c...
Palitha EDIRISINGHA,; Chiara RIZZI, CEPaD; Ming NIE; Libby ROTHWELL
ABSTRACTThis paper reports findings from research into the benefits of integrating podcasts into a first year undergraduate module on English Language and Communication at Kingston University. As part of a Faculty teaching and learning support scheme for first year undergraduates, six podcasts were developed to improve students’ learning and study skills and to provide advice on portfolio development and presentation skills. Student learning experience through podcasts was evaluated through t...
Hereby in this study; the opinions of the senior students, who took course support through web based asynchronous communication methods in the academic year 2007–2008 at the Open Education Faculty, English Language Teaching Bachelor of Arts Program (OEF ELT BA) at Anadolu University, about the general online courses are presented. According to the results of the study favorable and unfavorable aspects of online courses for OEF ELT BA students are defined and amendatory precautions are propose...
The Course of Study which was introduced in Japanese elementary schools in 2002 prescribed English as a foreign language (EFL) activities as a part of international understanding in the "Period of Integrated Study". By 2008, EFL will be a required subject in Japanese elementary schools. This thesis discusses some of context and methodology that will be needed to train in-service teachers at Japanese elementary schools so that they will be able to teach EFL despite overwhelming difficulties. J...
Dos Santos, Roberto-Márcio; Sobrinho, Jerônimo Coura
In the area of language teaching both language skills and textual genres can be worked with simultaneously (thus responding to the Brazilian Curricular Parameters and to the trends in contemporary education, which emphasize contextualized teaching) by means of computers. Computers can make the teaching process dynamic and rich, since they enable the access to the foreign language through virtual environments, which creates a larger number of learning contexts, with all their specific vocabulary and linguistic features in real communication. This study focuses on possible applications of this kind of approach. The computer online is a resource of diverse textual genres and can be an important tool in the language classroom as well as an access to authentic material produced in contextualized practice close to real-life communication. On the other hand, all these materials must be appropriately used without ever worshipping the technology as if it were a miraculous solution. After all, the professional pedagogic skills of the teacher should never be forgotten or taken for granted. In this study, a series of interviews with teachers was carried out - both with Brazilian teachers of the public sector (basic education) and language institutes (private English courses) as well as teacher trainers (university professors), in order to verify if the teachers were prepared to work with informatics in teaching practices, and check the professionals’ views on the subject. The ideas of Maingueneau and Marcuschi about textual genres are a theoretical base in this work, besides the concept of cognitive economy. The text and its typology are focused here as the basic material for teaching English, through digital technologies and hypermedia. The study is also based on Sharma and Barrett’s notion of blended learning as a balanced combination of technological resources and traditional practices in the classroom. Thus, this is an attempt to investigate the relevance of information and communication technologies in the education and professional practice of English teachers in Brazil in the context of the 21st century.
Examined how living outside native-language environments, and subsequent language attrition, affected the language model provided by native speakers teaching English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) in Spain. Surveys indicated that the first language was a changeable system susceptible to the pervasive influence of the second language and to the…
Hatice Gülru Yüksel
Full Text Available The changes observed in the early 1990s have altered the conceptions of learning and teaching in the 21st century, which in turn have raised questions about the nature of teacher education and the core knowledge and skills to be taught to student teachers. Gaining insights about how student teachers project themselves as teachers of 21st century and how they assess their teaching capabilities became crucial for teacher educators and policy makers. This study was conducted with 40 pre-service teachers of English as a foreign language to investigate how they assess their teaching competences and how they project themselves as teachers of future. The study employed a convergent parallel mixed-method design. The findings from quantitative data indicated that their perception related to various teaching competencies were uniform and they feel themselves competent enough in teaching. However, they needed further help in classroom management. The qualitative data can be interpreted as a signal that our participants will possibly adopt a constructivist approach to language teaching.
Volume 9 takes up the questions – national, sociolinguistic, strategic, economic and educational – which arise in relation to the increasing use of English alongside national or vernacular languages, focusing on its use as the language of instruction in Danish Universities. Inevitably, this also makes globalization a theme of this issue. The dilemmas of the universities, however, have a special character within this wider issue, partly because they are in the frontline of globalization processes, and partly because they are regarded as having new and enhanced social significance in the post-industrial society. In addition to the academic articles in this issue there is a series of ‘position statements’ written by some of the major participants in the Danish debate on language policy in the universities. They were invited to state in about 500 words their essential views on the theme. Their contributions give some of the flavor of the argument that has been going on with increasing intensity in Denmark for the past ten years.
Basel Al-Sheikh Hussein
Full Text Available The underlying study aims to investigate and analyze the actual reasons, attitudes, and purposes behind the use of the mother tongue (Arabic in teaching English-as-a-second language to Arab students attending English courses as a university compulsory requirement for the study of English language and literature at Jordanian private and government-aided universities. To achieve this goal, the researcher analyzed data he collected from classroom observation at three different private universities. In addition, the writer analyzes results of responses to questionnaires distributed to 120 students and 12 teachers learning and teaching English at three universities – 40 students and 4 teachers from each university.The results obtained show that almost all the respondents expressed the need for the use of Arabic in the English classroom because, according to them, it helps students understand the meaning of new or difficult words, explain complex syntactic rules, and save time. The study also shows that not allowing students to use their mother tongue will result in prohibiting them to have some opportunities to learn English better.
Mauricio, Veliz Campos.
Full Text Available El presente artículo revisa los diversos del novedoso término Mentor y las aplicaciones recientes en el ámbito de la enseñanza del inglés. Presenta, además, algunas experiencias exitosas de programas de Mentoría a la luz de las necesidades del sistema de educacional chileno. [...] Abstract in english This article briefly surveys the various uses of the newfangled term Mentor and its recent application(s) in the realm of English language teaching.lt also presents successful experiences of mentoring programmes in the light of the needs of the Chilean education system. [...
Full Text Available In the work we gave the definition of the project activity and considered the use of the project activity in the integrated teaching of the English and Kazakh languages to students of the faculty of economics.
Santau, Alexandra O.
Efforts to improve education---more concretely science education---by creating fundamental shifts in standards for students and teachers have been launched by educators and policy makers in recent years. The new standards for science instruction address improvements in student learning, program development, assessment, and professional development for teachers, with the goal to prepare US students for the academic demands of the 21st century. The study examined teachers' knowledge and practices in science instruction with English language learning (ELL) students. It also examined relationships among key domains of science instruction with ELL students, as well as profiles of teaching practices. The four domains included: (1) teachers' knowledge of science content, (2) teaching practices to promote scientific understanding, (3) teaching practices to promote scientific inquiry, and (4) teaching practices to support English language development during science instruction. The study was part of a larger 5-year research and development intervention aimed at promoting science and literacy achievement of ELL students in urban elementary schools. The study involved 32 third grade, 21 fourth grade, and 17 fifth grade teachers participating in the first-year implementation of the intervention. Based on teachers' questionnaire responses, classroom observation ratings, and post-observation interviews, results indicated that (1) teachers' knowledge and practices were within the bounds of the intervention, but short of reform-oriented practices and (2) relationships among the four domains existed, especially at grade 5. These findings can provide insights for professional development and future research, along with accountability policies.
Roy-Campbell, Zaline M.
English is spoken in five countries as the native language and in numerous other countries as an official language and the language of instruction. In countries where English is the native language, it is taught to speakers of other languages as an additional language to enable them to participate in all domains of life of that country. In many…
Language is a part of culture, and plays a very important role in the development of the culture. Some sociologists consider it as the keystone of culture. They believe, without language, culture would not be available. At the same time, language is influenced and shaped by culture, it reflects culture. Therefore, culture plays a very important part in language teaching, which is widely acknowledged by English teaching circle. This thesis depicts the relationship between culture and language....
Nguyen Thi Minh Doan; Luu Trong Tuan
This paper sought to review the literature on teaching English grammar encompassing an overview of grammar definitions and teaching grammar approaches, as well as definitions of games, classifications of games, the influence of using games on the language learners’ performance. Prior researches on teaching English grammar through games have also been examined.
Key words: English grammar; grammar teaching approach; game; technology
Full Text Available The repetitive coherence of theme and rheme comes through one of the important cohesive devices which make texture coherent and progressing. From cognitive point of view, applying the mode of thematic and rheme into English language teaching can display its tool function for texture. It also contributes to the understanding and interpretation of coherent discourses, and to the way in teaching reading and writing. Therefore? learners will leap forward from their cognitive level.
Key words: cognition, coherence of theme and rheme, English language teaching
Résumé: La cohésion réitérative thème/rhème dans le texte est un moyen important pour réaliser la cohésion et la cohérence du texte. C’est justement ces moyens de cohésion qui permettent de réaliser la progression thème/rhème et de composer ainsi un texte cohérent. L’application du mécanisme cohésif de thème/rhème dans l’enseignement textuel de l’anglais permet de montrer sa fonction comme outil textuel, de fournir un fil de pensée clair pour la rédaction et la lecture en anglais et d’approfondir ainsi la cognition des apprenant sur l’anglais.
Mots-clés: cognition, cohésion thème/rhème, enseignement textuel
The present thesis is an in-depth examination of the potential of facilitating reflective practice in the educational world of Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Higher Education. More specifically, the current thesis investigates the impact of Guided Reflective Practice on the practice of five university teachers of English as a Foreign Language in Cyprus. Although language research increasingly acknowledges the importance of reflection in excavating the personal, individual and em...
Farnaz Vali Moghaddam Zanjani
Full Text Available Electronic education and learning is one of accomplishments of mankind which has affected the world tremendously. Since 1990 advancement in technology has led to increasing integrity of electronic-learning courses and also language learning courses. The objective of this study is to examine acceptance of e-learning technology carried out by English teachers and students based on technology acceptance model (TAM. In order to achieve the objective of the research, the researcher has employed descriptive-survey method and also questionnaire and interview with English students and teachers who constitute population of the research. To test the hypotheses of the research, the researcher has employed Pearson correlation test along with SPSS software. The results of the research indicate lack of Perceived ease use and Perceived usefulness of e-learning technology in teaching English.
Sandra du, Plessis; Brenda, Louw.
Full Text Available Multilingualism in classrooms is currently prompting debate and has significantly impacted on schooling in South Africa over the last decade. At present South African educators face the challenge of coping with and finding solutions to culturally and linguistically diverse urban school contexts whic [...] h did not exist before. In many South African communities young learners, without any prior knowledge of English, are enrolled in English preschools. Preschool teachers have the demanding task of preparing these multilingual preschoolers for formal schooling in English, and, in addition, are pressurised by parents or caregivers who expect their children to be fluent in English by the time they enter primary school. A group of preschool teachers in a specific urban, multilingual preschool context expressed concern about multilingual preschool learners' academic performances and their future, and requested advice and support from speech-language therapists. To investigate this need, an exploratory, descriptive, contextual research design, incorporating the quantitative perspective, was selected to describe the specific educational context of multilingual preschools in the Pretoria central business district (CBD) and the Sunnyside area. Results indicated that the participants perceived certain personal challenges while supporting the preschool learners acquiring English as Language of Learning and Teaching (ELoLT). These participants expressed a need for knowledge and support.
Wenzhong Zhu; Fang Liao
With the accelerating rate of globalization, business exchanges are carried out cross the border, as a result there is a growing demand for talents professional both in English and Business. We can see that at present Business English courses are offered by many language schools in the aim of meeting the need for Business English talent. Many researchers argue that no differences can be defined between Business English teaching and General English teaching. However, this paper concludes that ...
Neusprachliche Mitteilungen, 1976
Reprints reviews of 20 recent (1973-74) books on English teaching, including: works on English at the primary level, communicative competence, teaching literature; three grammar systems and some text collections; modern English drama, English short stories; American novels and lyric poetry; aspects of linguistics; four lexicons. (Text is in…
Full Text Available This article presents an action research project developed in Mayor de San Bartolomé School in 2007, when the authors’ teaching practice took place. The observation of 38 eighth graders, between 13 and 14 years old, highlighted their lack of motivation towards the English class. In the coming semester after the observation, the drama activities carried out in the English class made the students more eager to participate in the class activities and to use this language to communicate with their peers. The Halloween Drama Contest consisted of drama activities along with reading comprehension, writing production, vocabulary exercises and phonetics practice. Students were asked to prepare scripts of six horror movies to be performed on Halloween.
Foreign language acquisition provides a fascinating angle from which to analyze the nature and evolving dynamics of global transformation. This thesis examines the emergence and stratospheric growth of the English Language Teaching (ELT) industry in South Korea in the context of ongoing debates over the continued relevancy of theories of cultural imperialism. A case study of the Korean conglomerate YBMISi-sa, the overwhelming leader in the Korean ELT and English publishing industry, serves as...
Artiklis analüüsitakse soorolle inglise keele õpikutes "TipTop 5. Student's book" (S. Rixon, J. Moates. London; Basingstoke: Macmillan. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1996) ja "English Step 5" (I. Sotter, L. Vahtra. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1997)
English is a national language in Uganda and is widely used in elite areas such as politics and business, but most Ugandans master English to only a limited degree. In this situation, English can be seen as either a foreign language or a second language--influencing how English is taught. One goal of language teaching espoused in this article is…
Mehmet Sercan UZTOSUN
Full Text Available This study seeks to understand lecturers’ views about the effectiveness of curriculum change procedures taking place in 2006 at the English language teacher education departments of Turkish universities. The study collected both quantitative and qualitative data through an open-ended questionnaire completed by 27 lecturers working at fifteen different universities and semi-structured interviews with five of the participants. The results indicated that lecturers did not have voice during the change process and were not well informed about the changes. The change process was reported to disregard some important steps of curriculum development such as needs analysis, teacher training, and evaluation. With regard to course-specific changes, the 2006 curriculum was reported to be effective in involving practical courses. Combining separate literature courses, adding a vocabulary course, and extending class hours of some courses were found to be effective changes. Conversely, removing skill-based courses, decreasing class hours of the research skills course, combining advanced reading and writing courses, and removing school experience course were reported as negative aspects of the 2006 curriculum change. Considering these findings, a number of suggestions are made to achieve effective curriculum change at English Language Teaching Departments.
Malaysia has come to a point where second and third languages become part of the requirements to be employed especially in the multinational and international companies. After gaining its Independence, English becomes the second language in Malaysia, and Bahasa Melayu is recognised as the official language of the country. This move has greatly impacted the education sector in Malaysia, and one of the challenges is that younger generation lacks English language competency. This can be supporte...
Rodriguez, Karen Margaret
This qualitative study centered on science instruction and learning that occurred in a Title I elementary school in a suburban district in southeast Texas. Twelve teachers were interviewed in order to understand their perceptions of their classroom practices in terms of science instruction and learning for English Language Learners (ELL). This study also analyzed information gathered from teacher lesson plan and classroom observations. The participants’ awareness of the instructional practices necessary for ELL student achievement in science was evident through analysis of interview transcripts. However, after observation of actual classroom instruction, it became apparent that the teaching and learning in most classrooms was not reflective of this awareness. This study proposes that this disconnect may be a result of a lack of quality professional development available to the teachers. The study also outlines and describes the characteristics of quality professional development and its relationship to focused instruction and continuous student improvement.
Aguado, Pilar; Sánchez, Purificación; Vilar, Mar
Core English language is probably the most important subject in English Studies. Consequently, the design and implementation of the syllabus has to be carefuUy prepared. However, we have very tight timetabling, many students, and a very heterogeneous level as far as their command of the language is concerned. This paper aims to determine language áreas which present difficulties for students in their first year of English Studies according to the results obtained in the fi...
Ogunduyile Abimbola. O
Full Text Available The advent of ICT comes with its attendant students’ accessibility to information. Teaching these digital age 21st century learners requires adaptive and technological induced methods by educators. The Global Satellite Mobile (GSM provides learners greater accessibility to the internet which makes it easier for them to learn under certain controlled situations. This paper, therefore, investigated the possibilities of using mobile technology in the teaching and learning of the English language in secondary schools. The data was obtained from a three-week field experiment involving an English teacher and purposively selected twelve Senior Secondary School II students of the Federal University of Technology, Secondary School, Akure. The participants took part in activities involving different digital formats in the teaching and learning processes. Also, the respondents were interviewed to assess their perception and attitude towards this mode of teaching English Language. The paper analyses, within the framework of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT approach to teaching and the Constructivist Theory of Learning, the collected data. The analysis revealed that the students and the teacher found teaching and learning very flexible and essential to their needs in this 21st century. The paper concluded that M-learning promotes cooperative and collaborative learning through the enhancement of learners’ use of authentic English language that would make it possible for them to construct their own knowledge. The integration of M-learning in to the teaching of English in secondary schools would afford the learners the opportunity of having a method that is 21st century compliant and availing the learners the digital age benefits.
Banegas, Darío Luis
In the last decade, there has been a major interest in content-based instruction (CBI) and content and language integrated learning (CLIL). These are similar approaches which integrate content and foreign/second language learning through various methodologies and models as a result of different implementations around the world. In this paper, I first offer a sociocultural view of CBI-CLIL. Secondly, I define language and content as vital components in CBI-CLIL. Thirdly, I revie...
Taylor-Leech, Kerry; Yates, Lynda
This article draws on ethnographic data from a longitudinal study of newly-arrived immigrants of non English-speaking background in the Australian Adult Migrant English Program to investigate their opportunities for using English and the language learning strategies (LLS) they used to make the most of these opportunities. Analysis of their reports…
This article examines the importance of raising non-native English language teachers' awareness of different dimensions of culture in the teaching of English as an international language. The author believes that the more critical English language teachers become about the involvement of culture in their English language teaching, the more they…
?smail Hakk? ERTEN
Full Text Available This study reports on findings from an investigation into the reasons for year 1 students from the English Language Teaching Department at Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey, for choosing teaching as a field of study and future career. A questionnaire comprising of open-ended questions was employed to decipher the reasons of 96 participants. Content analysis of the emergent data revealed 20 reasons which were broadly categorized as intrinsic, extrinsic, and altruistic. Participants, in general, reported more intrinsic reasons than extrinsic reasons. Unlike those reported in the field, altruistic reasons were much fewer than other types of reasons. A further motivational clustering of students showed that the majority of students had a mixture of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The data also indicated possible gender related differences. The study concludes that although student teachers are intrinsically motivated, this motivation may need to be maintained so as to be long term. Further, the study calls for measures to be taken to control possible methodological biases.
Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis paper reports findings from research into the benefits of integrating podcasts into a first year undergraduate module on English Language and Communication at Kingston University. As part of a Faculty teaching and learning support scheme for first year undergraduates, six podcasts were developed to improve students’ learning and study skills and to provide advice on portfolio development and presentation skills. Student learning experience through podcasts was evaluated through two focus groups, personal interviews (six students and an end of semester evaluation questionnaire (n=35. The paper describes the teaching and learning context and how the podcasts were integrated as part of the blended learning delivery. It discusses to what extent podcasts were able to achieve of the intended outcomes and the processes involved in achieving those outcomes. The findings led to development of a model for integrating podcasts in on-campus blended learning, and which can have potential applications in distance learning contexts. The model is based on three main features of podcasts identified as facilitating student learning: learner choice and flexibility offered by podcasts; tacit knowledge and experience of peers conveyed in discussions; and a sense of informality brought into formal learning.The research reported in the paper was carried out as part of a UK national research project entitled Informal Mobile Podcasting and Learning Adaptation (IMPALA with funding from the UK Higher Education Academy.
McGee, Alyson; Haworth, Penny; MacIntyre, Lesieli
With a substantial increase in the numbers of English language learners in schools, particularly in countries where English is the primary use first language, it is vital that educators are able to meet the needs of ethnically and linguistically changing and challenging classrooms. However, despite the recognition of the importance of effective…
Filiz Yalç?n T?lfarl?o?lu
Full Text Available It can be said that foreign language teaching/learning has been failure inTurkey for many years although nearly everyone believes that speaking at least oneforeign language is essential today. Considering Turkey as a developing country inmany aspects; such as industry, trade, technology, tourism, the importance of foreignlanguage teaching will increase.Children in elementary schools are open to ideas of global understanding.In other words elementary school education period can be said to be the right time toexpand the students’ intercultural views and enhancement of cognitive skills(Curtain, 1990. As it is mentioned above using a foreign language effectively hasnumerous benefits and it also helps a child to become a well-educated person whilehe/she is growing up. In order to make them successful, we should provide thechildren in our country with a well-organized language teaching. To do this, manyresearches should be done and many new ideas are required.So, this study aims to investigate the problems faced by teachers andstudents, concerning the implementation of English Language curricula in terms ofthe components of curricula such as objectives, selection and organization ofcontent, implementation of method and methodologies, the use of technology andevaluation.The research sampling of the study consists of 261 teachers of English whoare teaching 4th and 5th year students in elementary schools which were chosenrandomly. The teachers of English were administered a questionnaire, data wereanalysed, the results were discussed, and in the light of findings recommendationswere made to cause betterment in English language teaching in elementary schools.
Morata, Marisa; Coyle, Yvette
The present study examines the language used by a Spanish secondary school teacher of English. Taking as a basic premise that exposure to the foreign language is conducive to language learning, transcripts of classroom discourse were analysed to identify the pedagogical functions present in the teacher’s speech and the language used to express them. The results show an overwhelming reliance by the teacher on the students’ first language for all of the most frequently occurring functions. Inst...
Halim, Lilia; Dahlan, Fathiyah; Treagust, David F.; Chandrasegaran, A. L.
In view of the current debate in Malaysia about the teaching of science and mathematics in English, a qualitative study was undertaken involving a purposeful sampling of three non-physics teachers to ascertain how well equipped they were with the necessary pedagogical content knowledge relating to the teaching of the topic of "heat energy" in the…
Cote González, Margarita; Tejedor Martínez, Cristina
The process of teaching any subject involves the use of all resources available to achieve efficient/effective result. When dealing with teaching foreign languages, we have noticed that such a traditional and apparently well-known tool as a dictionary is not so well-known nor used efficiently by students. Nevertheless, in our opinion, the dictionary should play an important role in the teaching-learning process. Therefore, we have carried out a research in our classroom in order to check that...
It is the purpose of this paper to describe how the identification of linguistic differences in Black English helped eradicate the language barrier in a rural Georgia classroom and enhanced the communication between the teacher and the students.
Porras González Nohora Inés
Full Text Available This article presents the results of a study on utilizing stories for teaching English as a foreign language to children in first, second and third grades. It was carried out in a Colombian public elementary school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. The proposal was initiated by a group of student-teachers at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Seccional Bucaramanga. During the research process the student-teachers were required to plan the course syllabus, create their own stories according to the children’s interests and likes, plan the lessons, and collect and analyze data. Although the student-teachers worked in different grade levels, the results of the study present similarities such as the children’s motivation when the stories were told or read, increased participation in the different activities, comprehension of the stories, and acquisition of the new vocabulary. Key words: Storytelling, story, reading, teaching, children Este artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio sobre el uso de historias para la enseñanza del inglés a niños en los grados primero, segundo y tercero. El estudio se llevó a cabo en una escuela pública de Bucaramanga, Colombia. La propuesta fue iniciada por un grupo de docentes en formación de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, seccional Bucaramanga. Durante el proceso de investigación los docentes elaboraron e implementaron una propuesta de intervención, y además recolectaron y analizaron datos. Aunque los docentes trabajaron en diferentes grados, los resultados del estudio presentaron similitudes, tales como gran motivación de los niños al escuchar o leer las historias, alta participación en las diferentes actividades, comprensión de las historias y adquisición de vocabulario. Palabras clave: narración de historias, lectura de historia, enseñanza a niños
English, as an international language, takes such a position in foreign language teaching and learning in China. As we all know that the ultimate purpose of language teaching is to cultivate students’ communicative ability including not only the oral ability, but also the writing ability. However, teaching of English writing is far from satisfactory, and many students still have a great difficulty in writing English composition. They find it hard to express their ideas and feeling freely and ...
Zaenab S. Abdul Majeed; Normah binti Othman
This study is aimed to investigate the situation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) course taught in English language in secondary schools in Pahang, Malaysia. From a social point of view the study examines teachers’ attitude towards and applications of computer to further reveal the chances of their use of English language in the classroom. The objective data is collected from school teachers by using questionnaires and interviews. The data analysis is conducted through T-tes...
Anna Svava Sólmundardóttir
In this project I will show how Multiple Intelligence theory can be applied in the English language classroom, meeting different students with different needs. I have created a theme-based series of English language lesson plans based on the Multiple Intelligence theory. I have developed and gathered a number of activities for each of the intelligences on the theme of Halloween. In the beginning I explain the Multiple Intelligence theory, its origins and some of its key points. I also di...
Barry, W J
Results are presented from two experiments which examine the application of instrumental phonetic methods to the needs of the teacher of a foreign language. First, the use of a traditional psychophonetic test procedure as a diagnostic tool is demonstrated. Second, the effect of reading, imitation, and prompted recall on production is examined, and the implications for teaching and pronunciation monitoring discussed. PMID:2636386
Vocabulary and grammar are used to be considered important to English learning, but nowadays people pay an increasing emphasis on the relationship between language and culture. Culture has a vital impact on English learning, and teachers should notice the cultural difference and transmit such knowledge through the teaching practice.
Key Words: culture,language,learning
Résumé Le vocabulaire et la grammaire sont considérés d&a...
Full Text Available Task-based approach is a new approach in education practice. In task-based classroom, the chief focus is the performance of tasks. The task, rather than being a unit of grammar to be digested or a collection of lexical items to be remembered, is a means of learning the language by doing tasks. It requires exposure to comprehensive input and opportunities to interact in the language. The task has to be negotiated by the learners with the help of the teacher, whose job is to facilitate learning opportunities in class. The task probably needs the cooperation of learners. This paper is intended to explore TBLT in teaching reading on the basis of the notion of task-based language teaching (TBLT.
Abriam-Yago, K; Yoder, M; Kataoka-Yahiro, M
The health care system requires nurses with the language ability and the cultural knowledge to meet the health care needs of ethnic minority immigrants. The recruitment, admission, retention, and graduation of English as a Second Language (ESL) students are essential to provide the workforce to meet the demands of the multicultural community. Yet, ESL students possess language difficulties that affect their academic achievement in nursing programs. The application of the Cummins Model of language proficiency is discussed. The Cummins Model provides a framework for nursing faculty to develop educational support that meets the learning needs of ESL students. PMID:10476166
This paper aims at emphasizing the use of literature as a popular technique for teaching both basic language skills (i.e. reading, writing, listening and speaking) and language areas (i.e. vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation) in our times. Reasons for using literary texts in foreign language classroom and main criteria for selecting suitable literary texts in foreign language classes are stressed so as to make the reader familiar with the underlying reasons and criteria for language teacher...
Schroeder, Carlotta Dorothy
Equal educational opportunity for English language learners (ELLs) has been a goal of the public educational system in the United States. Language policy reforms have increasedaccountability in order for schools to improve student achievement and measure the progress of ELLs. The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) requires assessment and accountability. In this study, the number of ELLs has increased significantly at the high school level and school district as a whole. Along with the changing demographics, the findings reveal a district-wide policy of equalizing educational opportunity through equal treatment. Language policies provide critical decisions about how to measure what students know in all subjects. The assimilation model limited access to mainstream course content, produced inaccurate assessment results and grades. The science curriculum was only accessible through English and the use of the students' native languages was discouraged. The voices of the students were silenced and their academic achievement continues to lag behind their English-speaking peers.
Douglas, Scott Roy; Kim, Marcia
English for Academic Purposes (EAP) programs designed to meet postsecondary English language proficiency requirements are a common pathway to higher education for students from non-English-speaking backgrounds. Grounded in a Canadian context, this study seeks to examine the prevalence of Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) in EAP, common examples…
Mital Josephbhai Macwan
English language has attained the status of an international language and is almost a world language today. It maintains its stronghold at the entry level of choosing one's career. English has the status of a second language in India. As it is a foreign language, learning becomes challenging because of non availability of enough authentic resources. Teaching students to be proficient in a new language especially English has become one of the greatest priorities as well as one of the greatest ...
This article investigates how Japanese university students perceive Japan's domestic diversity and understand the role of English within that context. Surveys and interviews with Japanese students reveal how they reflect on their own experiences with diversity in their past English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classes and also help to explore…
Seimears, C. Matt
The purpose of this exploratory case study was to explore the middle school science classroom of a constructivist teacher and examine how constructivist-based teaching influences ELL students and their learning of science. The researcher's purpose was to discover patterns which emerged after close observations, careful documentation, and thoughtful analysis of the research topic. What was discovered by this exploratory case study was not sweeping generalizations but contextual findings. This case study was conducted in the spring of 2006. The researcher sought to answer the question, "How does constructivist teaching help middle school English Language Learners understand science?" Two variable clusters were examined: (1) the independent variable cluster of the constructivist teaching practices of the one selected teacher; and (2) the dependent variable cluster of the middle school English Language Learners understanding of the science concepts being taught. Four broad categories of data were collected: (1) observations of teaching and learning (including teaching plans and other teaching materials); (2) interviews related to teaching and learning; (3) inventories of teaching and learning; and (4) artifacts of learning. Steve Loos, an eighth grade middle school science teacher, is an expert constructivist-based teacher. His teaching influences English Language Learners understanding of the science concepts being taught. Steve's teaching influenced the English Language Learners through a variety of pedagogical strategies. The researcher concluded in this study that, "Constructivist teaching helps middle school English Language Learners understand science."
Full Text Available Theory of multiple intelligences is considered an innovation in both teaching and learning English language because it helps students develop all the eight intelligences that are grouped as verbal/linguistic, logical/mathematical, visual/spatial, bodily/kinesthetic, musical/rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal and naturalist. The aforementioned intelligences are thought to represent ways in which individuals understand and perceive the world, solve problems and learn. Correspondingly, by focusing on the problem solving activities, teachers, by implementing theory of multiple intelligences encourage students not only to build-up their existing language knowledge but also learn new content and skills. The implementation of the theory of multiple intelligences in teaching the English language at the University of Niš Medical School has had a positive impact on learning English language and increased students' interest in language learning. Genarally speaking, this theory offers a better understanding of students’ intelligence and a greater appreciation of their strengths. It provides numerous opportunities for students to use and develop all the eight intelligences not just the few they excel in prior to enrolling a university or college.
Mercuri, Sandra Patricia
This case study examines the practice of two bilingual education teachers in an attempt to understand the planning and instructional activities occurring in their classrooms by focusing on students' academic language development during science instruction. This site was selected as an 'instrumental' case to examine for several reasons. This school is among the few in the district that is teaching science. Despite the political climate related to bilingual education, the teachers at this school offer an articulated dual immersion program from K to grade six. This site has experienced success in beginning to close the achievement gap between English learners and their native English speaking peers on standardized test measures. Using a qualitative approach, data was collected from two unique cases through detailed observations of classroom practice, audio-taped lessons, an initial and a follow up interview, artifacts and an initial survey. Scarcella's (2003) framework on academic language was used to analyze the different components of academic language of the science instruction. A theoretical framework from Stoddart et al. on levels of integrated planning expertise and Dell' Alba & Sandberg's concept of embodied understanding of practice also informed the study. Three main findings were drawn from this study: (a) academic language can be effectively taught through science instruction when teachers have the expertise to integrate language learning with science inquiry; (b) the teaching of and planning for academic language development through content is shaped over time by teachers' teaching and personal experiences with the content and their ability to integrate both; (c) While a theoretical model of academic language can be used to analyze teachers' instructional strategies during a science lesson, this model has limitations. Teachers' understanding of their own practice developed overtime shaped the way they manipulated the curriculum for their particular grade level. The differences in the ways the teachers taught academic language provides important lessons for bilingual teachers who wish to support the academic success of the bilingual students.
Full Text Available The Indonesian community generally perceives that English language teaching should require phonology, vocabulary, grammar, discourse, and pragmatics. As a result, this often demands that pre-school teachers use English all the time. Code switching between English, Indonesian, and Minang – the local language of the region – is perceived negatively, and teachers are often criticized for using a multilingual approach that is “part snake and part eel” [sakarek ula sakarek baluik]. This refers to a negative perception of mixing languages in educational settings. In fact, code switching between Minang (first language, Indonesian (second language, and English (foreign language is the norm of language use in this part of Indonesia. However, in this community, there is a lack of respect for pre-school teachers' professionalism as well as scepticism towards the effectiveness of a multilingual teaching approach, which is used widely at the pre-school level. Vygotsky , the Russian psychologist, presents a different perspective on this phenomenon, noting that children learn languages by playing. Their first language can be the main tool to help them understand new words and utterances in context. By using code switching, teachers help pre-school children to link their prior knowledge and experience to the new forms of expression that enable them to derive the meaning of new words from the social context of language use. For this reason, scaffolding techniques should be used by pre-school teachers, particularly in ways which support children's cognitive development in constructing new meanings based on their first language experience. This paper, based on a research study-in-progress at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia, explores patterns of interaction between pre-school teachers and their students as teachers scaffold the development of EFL through dramatic play in West Sumatera, Indonesia. This interaction is systemic in nature and demonstrates consistent patterns of language use. The data described here is derived from a collaborative Action Research project with pre-school teachers in this community. The results are presented in the form of a narrative inquiry. These results challenge local perceptions of teachers' effectiveness in language education. Children, who have been taught English language through scaffolding, demonstrate physical, social, and cognitive development as a result of learning in and through playing in a multilingual context. This shows the positive role of code switching in EFL teaching at pre-school level in West Sumatera, and suggests a need to challenge existing community perceptions, thereby prompting a more serious consideration of this approach to EFL teaching in complex multilingual learning contexts.
Full Text Available This article deals with the demands for giving a professionalized approach to the English teaching-learning process for future teachers at the universities of pedagogical sciences of Cuba, specifically at “Jose Marti” University of Camagüey. The treatment to the professionalized learning approach has generally been related to technical courses in the technical professional teaching. This approach needs contextualizing in the different courses or disciplines of higher education with the purpose of achieving the goal demanded by society of graduated teachers from higher education at their working scenarios. The teacher of English is no exception to this demand. Key words: professional approach, professional competency, users, analyst, professor
Vicars, Mark; McKenna, Tarquam; Cacciattolo, Marcelle
This edition of Critical New Literacies: The Praxis of English Language Teaching and Learning (PELT) begins with an examination of bricolage as a way to engage in critical research in TEFL/TESOL teaching and research. The volume considers the quality of 'encounter' needed in the global and intercultural classroom. The authors address validity, reliability and an authentic need for research which has at its heart ethical practice. Disenfranchisement of the co-participants in research, which is usually not considered, is reviewed in the volume. The manner in which quantitative methods can be u
English language has become a global language with the advent of Globalisation. Naturally English language learning has got increased importance as English is the language for the global communication. English is a second language for Indian sand often mother tongue hampers the English acquisition of most of the Indians. NCF 2005 has underlined that significance of teaching of English as early as possible so that the learners may have a native speaker like fluency in English. Based on these g...
Frank, Betty-Vinca N.
Students who are English Language Learners (ELLs) form the fastest growing segment of the American school population. Prompted by the call for scientific literacy for all citizens, science educators too have investigated the intersection of language and science instruction of ELLs. However these studies have typically been conducted with elementary students. Few studies have explored how high school science teachers, particularly those who have not received any special training, approach science instruction of ELLs and what supports them in this endeavor. This was a qualitative case study conducted with five science teachers in one small urban high school that predominantly served ELLs. The purpose of this study was to examine instructional approaches used by teachers to make science accessible to ELLs and the factors that supported or inhibited them in developing their instructional approaches. This goal encompassed the following questions: (a) how teachers viewed science instruction of ELLs, (b) how teachers designed a responsive program to teach science to ELLs, (c) what approaches teachers used for curriculum development and instruction, (d) how teachers developed classroom learning communities to meet the needs of ELLs. Seven instructional strategies and five perceived sources of support emerged as findings of this research. In summary, teachers believed that they needed to make science more accessible for their ELL students while promoting their literacy skills. Teachers provided individualized attention to students to provide relevant support. Teachers engaged their students in various types of active learning lessons in social contexts, where students worked on both hands-on and meaning-making activities and interacted with their peers and teachers. Teachers also created classroom communities and learning spaces where students felt comfortable to seek and give help. Finally, teachers identified several sources of support that influenced their instructional approaches including, the structure of the school, working on instructional teams, collaborating and working with other teachers especially English teachers and including science teachers, and participating in various professional development activities. The findings indicated that the instructional approaches used by teachers were largely supported by literacy education and science education done at elementary level. Findings also revealed that teachers in this study encouraged their ELLs to participate in classroom conversations and involved them in answering open-ended questions. However, not all teachers in this study had the same repertoire of instructional strategies for their ELL students and some teachers demonstrated a better understanding of these approaches than others. All teachers perceived that the structure of the school as well as collaborating and working with other teachers, especially English teachers, as their main source of support in designing instructional approaches. This study suggests that teacher educators and professional development providers need to develop courses and programs to help high school teachers learn about how to design instructional activities that simultaneously promote both academic science and English literacy. Also, administrators need to create conditions at their schools that would allow teachers to interact, collaborate, and learn from each other.
It is argued that learning the importance of positive reinforcement and unlearning the de-motivating and unfruitful experiences of one’s life can help students cope up with the existing inhibition about learning a foreign language and, in turn, can motivate them to do something productive and creative. In this respect, the role of drama, in EFL classroom, has been debated and recommended for achieving the intended effects. However, it has also been suggested that the motive of teaching a fore...
Reviews use of mixed-code teaching in Hong Kong schools and outlines educators' efforts to persuade the government to accept mixed-code as not only inevitable, but preferable in most Hong Kong schools. Notes that English must be preserved for business purposes, but the Chinese medium of instruction is receiving greater emphasis as Hong Kong nears…
Bhatia, Sugan Chand
Proposed and actual constitutional changes made in 1963 and 1965 concerning the status of English in India are discussed in the light of nation-wide sociological implications. The author examines the position of Hindi and English as the official languages of the nation and comments on the continuing importance of English as the language of…
The paper has taken a critical view of various approaches of language teaching, each of which may has its advantages and disadvantages. By analyzing these approaches and objectives of college English teaching, the writer tries to develop an eclectic method of language teaching strategy, which includes formal instruction and communicative activates. The respective role of teachers and students is also discussed in this paper.
Hamidah Yamat; Ross Fisher; Sarah Rich
Despite learning English language for six years at elementary and five years at secondary levels, Malaysian students’ English language competency has always been the obstacle in securing success at university level as well as in job opportunities. Hence, various interventions have been taken in the teaching and learning process as well as changes in language policy. This paper calls for a revisit on Malaysia’s policy on teaching English English at primary schools. It discusses the findings of...
Wu, Wen-Chi Vivian; Wang, Rong-Jyue; Chen, Nian-Shing
This paper presents a design for a cutting-edge English program in which elementary school learners of English as a foreign language in Taiwan had lively interactions with a teaching assistant robot. Three dimensions involved in the design included (1) a pleasant and interactive classroom environment as the learning context, (2) a teaching…
Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to verify up to what point ELT textbooks used in Spanish educational settings comply with the official regulations prescribed, which fully advocate the Communicative Language Teaching Method (CLT. For that purpose, seven representative coursebooks of different educational levels and modalities in Spain – secondary, upper secondary, teenager and adult textbooks – were selected to be analysed. A full unit randomly selected from each coursebook was examined through the parameters of the communicative potential of the activities – measured on a scale from 0 to 10 – and the communicative nature of the methodological strategies implemented – measured on a dichotomous scale (yes/no. Global results per educational levels point to the prevailing communicative nature of all the materials, which was shown to be above 50%. The remaining non-communicative block was covered by activities focused on the formal features of language (grammar and vocabulary. This resulting degree of dissociation between official regulations and what is really found in teaching materials may be positive, since the learning of languages is complex and results from the intervention of multiple factors and learning styles, as is evidenced by the professional experience of teachers from different backgrounds and beliefs.
Zannou, Yetunde Mobola
In Texas, nearly half of all new teachers are alternatively certified (AC) whilst English language learners (ELL) are over one-third of the public school population in some districts. As this trend continues, the likelihood that AC teachers will teach ELLs increases and alters what Texas teachers must know upon entering the classroom. This research explores teacher knowledge and beliefs about teaching ELLs through constructivist and narrative lenses. Four AC science teachers in two diverse school districts participated in in-depth interviews and reflective interviews following classroom observations to answer the research questions: (1) how do AC teachers describe and interpret their acts of teaching ELLs in mainstream classrooms; and (2) how do AC teachers describe and interpret their learning to teach ELLs in mainstream classrooms. Data were transcribed and analyzed using thematic narrative methods. This study found that participants saw ELL instruction as: (1) "just good teaching" strategies, (2) consisting primarily of cultural awareness and consideration for student comfort, and (3) less necessary in science where all students must learn the language. The most experienced teacher was the only participant to reference specific linguistic knowledge in describing ELL instruction. Many of the teachers described their work with ELL students as giving them an opportunity to improve their lives, which was consistent with their overall teaching philosophy and reason for entering the profession. Participant narratives about learning to teach ELLs described personal experience and person-to-person discussions as primary resources of knowledge. District support was generally described as unhelpful or incomplete. Participants portrayed their AC program as helpful in preparing them to work with ELL students, but everyone desired more relevant information from the program and more grade-appropriate strategies from the district. Participant narratives reveal AC teachers needed a pragmatic and less theoretical understanding of diversity during pre-service training. Participant tendency to draw upon "common sense", affective, and practical strategies in teaching ELL students in lieu of the state-mandated English language proficiency standards (ELPS) suggests AC programs should have teachers articulate and discuss their beliefs about ELL instruction in order to provide training targeted towards misconceptions about language development, particularly in science.
Buxton, Cory A.; Allexsaht-Snider, Martha; Suriel, Regina; Kayumova, Shakhnoza; Choi, Youn-jeng; Bouton, Bobette; Baker, Melissa
Grounded in Hallidayan perspectives on academic language, we report on our development of an educative science assessment as one component of the language-rich inquiry science for English-language learners teacher professional learning project for middle school science teachers. The project emphasizes the role of content-area writing to support teachers in diagnosing their students' emergent understandings of science inquiry practices, science content knowledge, and the academic language of science, with a particular focus on the needs of English-language learners. In our current school policy context, writing for meaningful purposes has received decreased attention as teachers struggle to cover large numbers of discrete content standards. Additionally, high-stakes assessments presented in multiple-choice format have become the definitive measure of student science learning, further de-emphasizing the value of academic writing for developing and expressing understanding. To counter these trends, we examine the implementation of educative assessment materials—writing-rich assessments designed to support teachers' instructional decision making. We report on the qualities of our educative assessment that supported teachers in diagnosing their students' emergent understandings, and how teacher-researcher collaborative scoring sessions and interpretation of assessment results led to changes in teachers' instructional decision making to better support students in expressing their scientific understandings. We conclude with implications of this work for theory, research, and practice.
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to outline approaches to a course entitled Introduction to Literature, which is frequently available to second-year undergraduates in Polish teacher training colleges and other institutes of higher education. While preparing students for subsequent courses in British and American literature and helping them towards mature responses to literary texts, the course aims to raise student teachers' awareness of the potential of literature in the learning/teaching situation and to provide them with examples of the integration of curricular areas. In addition, given that literature is an intrinsically interesting source of authentic language, it is intended that instruction should increase students' sensitivity to language and expand their vocabulary, thus promoting the development of the four skills.
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to outline approaches to a course entitled Introduction to Literature, which is frequently available to second-year undergraduates in Polish teacher training colleges and other institutes of higher education. While preparing students for subsequent courses in British and American literature and helping them towards mature responses to literary texts, the course aims to raise student teachers' awareness of the potential of literature in the learning/teaching situation and to provide them with examples of the integration of curricular areas. In addition, given that literature is an intrinsically interesting source of authentic language, it is intended that instruction should increase students' sensitivity to language and expand their vocabulary, thus promoting the development of the four skills.
This paper reviews culture as perceived in a number of language teaching perspectives. The term “culture” and its relation with language has been a center of interest in different fields of studies. Because the term “culture” is borrowed between disciplines, it is understood differently and altered in the process by the goals and traditions of the borrowers. As such culture remains an elusive concept for the language teacher. Here, I attempt to understand how culture has been understood in d...
In order to put the achievement of Cross-cultural Communication reaches into foreign language teaching practice as soon as possible and to increase the cultural contents to English teaching, this paper would put forward the following three respects: Why to increase the contents of culture in English teaching, Which contents of culture should be added and how to increase cultural contents to English teaching.
Abbas Pourhosein Gilakjani; Lai-Mei Leong
Computers have become commonplace in our personal as well as our professional lives. Computers have made many of our everyday tasks easier and faster and made our society more productive. A very important set of variables such as the classroom teacher and the teacher’s attitudes towards the effective uses of computers in the classroom have been overlooked in EFL classrooms. This study investigates how teachers perceive the use of computer technology resources in English Language Teachin...
Jia, Jiyou; Peking University
CSIEC (Computer Simulation in Educational Communication), is not only an intelligent web-based human-computer dialogue system with natural language for English instruction, but also a learning assessment system for learners and teachers. Its multiple functions—including grammar-based gap filling exercises, scenario show, free chatting and chatting on a given topic—can satisfy the various requirements for students with different backgrounds and learning abilities. After a brief explanation of ...
Alexandra Uzoaku Esimaje
Full Text Available The role of consciousness in learning has dominated current debate on second language learning. This is now the focal point of recent research by philosophers, psychologists, language theorists, linguists and especially language teachers who carry the burden of pedagogical consequences. The singular question is – how can successful language learning be achieved? In this paper, attempt at answer is made through the appraisal of the effect of consciousness, awareness or noticing on learning. It is argued that an effective way of learning is to raise the awareness of a learner on a language item to cause him to notice it and subsequently learn or internalize its use. A number of factors influence noticing but this paper focuses on the gap between the observed input and the learners typical output. The aim is to provide remedy to performance errors via positive feedback. In the paper, ‘learner’ is used to refer to every second language user but immediate attention is paid to the teacher at the intermediate level of education. The aim of the study is to enhance the communicative ability of the teacher by highlighting his performance errors, raising his awareness of them through the concept of noticing and subsequently providing him with positive feedback. Ultimately, the study hopes to invigorate the teacher towards self development and thus position him to effectively create linguistic appetite in other learners rather than linguistic apathy. The study used selected secondary school teachers in Maiduguri and Benin, as case study. The study submits that noticing, raising the consciousness of learners on what is right or wrong usage is a useful way to enhance the learning of English as a second language in our schools in Nigeria.
Full Text Available Meta communication plays a key role in foreign language learning and teaching. Broadly speaking, meta communication is communication about communication. Meta communication is something that goes beyond communication and all language learners and teachers should be familiar with its existence. It should be stressed that meta communication which accompanies any message is very powerful. In face to face writing lessons, the student can make emphasis on any point by utilizing larger fonts, capital letters, or bold fonts in his essay. However, in virtual learning environments, students can make use of emoticons like :- “happy”, :-( “sad”, :-/ “perplexed”, O.o “confused” to communicate about communication. Further, they can deploy some acronyms like (BTW= By the way, ASAP= as soon as possible, TM= tomorrow to easily convey their messages. It should be emphasized that E-learning applications (virtual worlds, second life, ICTs are very beneficial in foreign language learning and teaching since they create a platform for students and teachers to interact in a context with no boundaries of time and distance. In Transformational Generative Grammar, foreign language teachers describe syntactic structures in English by using grammatical symbols with meta communicational elements. For instance, every English Foreign Language-EFL or English Language Teaching-ELT teachers or students is familiar with the symbols and related meanings like (S= sentence, subject, V= verb, O= object, N= noun, NP= noun phrase, VP= verb phrase, etc.. On the other side, when teaching English pronunciation to Turkish EFL learners, foreign language teachers utilize phonetic symbols like /è, æ, å, ?, w, ?/ to write transcriptions of English words. These phonetic symbols have meta communicational elements in their composition because they communicate about communication. At this juncture, foreign language teachers should learn frequently used emoticons, keyboard symbols, acronyms, grammatical and phonetic symbols and they should teach them to their students to enable them to establish successful communication with other people.Globalization is consolidated by the extraordinary invasion of higher education by new technologies, especially the Internet. Major changes in the social and economical conditions in Europe and worldwide force new needs and trends upon the technology. The main challenge for “the knowledge society of the future” is to ensure that each member of the society has the opportunity of continuous professional development, frequent retraining and obtaining new competences, mastering new information technologies (IT, lifelong learning (LLL, and so on. Within the education sector, a number of continuous efforts are taking place to stimulate the use of ICT at all levels of education. E-Learning has introduced new approaches of instructional delivery where the roles of teacher and student have significantly changed. The integration of information and communication technologies into the education field is in constant progression and generates empirical approaches for educational environment design. Some research projects in distance learning are introduced in the world.
Mital Josephbhai Macwan
Full Text Available English language has attained the status of an international language and is almost a world language today. It maintains its stronghold at the entry level of choosing one's career. English has the status of a second language in India. As it is a foreign language, learning becomes challenging because of non availability of enough authentic resources. Teaching students to be proficient in a new language especially English has become one of the greatest priorities as well as one of the greatest challenges. Students learning a new language need as much support as possible.
Full Text Available Abstract: This paper proposes the implementation of reading-based classroom activitiesÂ for teaching English as a foreign language in Indonesia. Compared to other language skills, reading is viewed to provide a relatively stable foundation for Indonesian students to develop their communicative competenceÂ in English. It is argued that reading-focused activities stimulate confidence for Indonesian learners to get involved in listening, speaking, and writing related-activities in ways that are similar to normal daily lifeÂ communication. The reasons for the proposed implementation of reading-based classroom activitiesÂ in TEFLINÂ and the role of reading and its relation with other language skills are presented.
This guide examines the concepts that most often confound ESL students, whose confusion can generally be reduced to one very basic question: Why does English work that way? Focusing on the grammar of conversational speech, the book goes beyond simple description of the parts of speech, tenses and modes, and other topics of instruction to consider the cultural differences in language use (for native speakers of Japanese, for instance, the painting may be on the wall--but the wall is also on the painting) and even the neuroscience of our speech patterns. With 36 illustrations, an annotated bibli
Revised edition for the 2015 syllabus to help your students prepare for their examination and enhance their enjoyment of English. This title has been written for the revised Cambridge IGCSE First Language English (0500 and 0522) syllabuses, for first teaching from 2013. ? Develops the skills necessary to become a better reader and writer. ? Offers detailed advice and preparation for the examination. ? Teaches skills for successful writing of essays and coursework assignment. We are working with Cambridge International Examinations to gain endorsement for this title.
This paper elucidates a new college English teaching mode – “ACCA” (Autonomous Cooperative Class-teaching All-round College English Teaching Mode). Integrated theories such as autonomous learning and cooperative learning into one teaching mode, “ACCA”, which is being developed and advanced in practice as well, is the achievement of college English teaching reform, this new teaching mode will contribute a lot to the reform of college English teaching.
Cirillo, Michelle; Bruna, Katherine Richardson; Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth
In this article, we describe aspects of mathematical language that could be problematic to English-language learners, provide recommendations for teaching English-language learners, and suggest activities intended to foster language development in mathematics. (Contains 1 figure.)
Peterson, Meredith; Brandes, Dana; Kunkel, Amy; Wilson, Jennifer; Rahn, Naomi L; Egan, Andrea; McComas, Jennifer
Proficiency in letter-sound correspondence is important for decoding connected text. This study examined the effects of an evidence-based intervention, incremental rehearsal (IR), on the letter-sound expression of three kindergarten English language learners (ELLs) performing below the district benchmark for letter-sound fluency. Participants were native speakers of Hmong, Spanish, and Polish. A multiple-baseline design across sets of unknown letter sounds was used to evaluate the effects of IR on letter-sound expression. Visual analysis of the data showed an increase in level and trend when IR was introduced in each phase. Percentage of all non-overlapping data (PAND) ranged from 95% to 100%. All participants exceeded expected growth and reached the spring district benchmark for letter-sound fluency. Results suggest that IR is a promising intervention for increasing letter-sound expression for ELLs who evidence delays in acquiring letter sounds. PMID:24495497
Full Text Available English language has become a global language with the advent of Globalisation. Naturally English language learning has got increased importance as English is the language for the global communication. English is a second language for Indian sand often mother tongue hampers the English acquisition of most of the Indians. NCF 2005 has underlined that significance of teaching of English as early as possible so that the learners may have a native speaker like fluency in English. Based on these guidelines Kerala government introduced English Language teaching from class 1 onwards. Teaching of English also affects the quality student acquisition of English. Anxiety is often produced when one tries to interact in English which can affect the language proficiency of the learners. Teacher competence in English and their anxiety can have an influential impact on learners. This study found out that there is a negative correlation between English language anxiety and English language competence of Elementary teacher trainees in Kerala. As elementary teachers have an influential role in developing different competence of the young learners including English language competence, this paper puts foreword a number of suggestion to reduce the anxiety evoking situations and to improve English language competence of the trainees.
Teaching English as a foreign language in China has many problems, among which the biggest one is students’ incompetence in language use. In order to help Chinese learners have a better idea of language use, this paper takes a sociolinguistic view at language variations and offers suggestions for language teaching.
Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the student satisfaction with the Online English Language courses piloted for the first time at a Vocational College in a remote town located in the north-west of Turkey in 2014-2015 educational year. These courses were designed with a format of face-to-face testing and online delivery of course materials. Data were collected from students both quantitatively and qualitatively using a survey which included seven likert scale attitude questions and two open-ended questions where they had to express their opinions about either face-to-face or online courses of which they thought was more advantageous and relevant for them. Twenty three female and a hundred and eighty four male students attending ten different departments, aged mostly eighteen and nineteen years participated in our study. Quantitative data from the students indicate that while 52% of the whole participants thought that online teaching of English as a foreign language was not useful for them at all, just 6% of the students declared that the online teaching system was very useful. To the question whether they preferred online or face-to-face learning, quite surprisingly, 82% of the participants declared that they preferred face-to-face learning. As to why they preferred the particular kind of teaching; the online course proponents cited mostly “comfortness” and “no-attendance obligation”; on the other hand, the face-to-face advocates mostly cited “effectiveness of learning from a live instructor” and “possibility of asking questions when something is not clear” and “lacking of technical equipment “or “internet access”.
The essays deals with the theme of English language teaching in multicultural contexts and classes, questioning the different roles of 'native speaker', 'intercultural speaker', 'transcultured speaker' in communicative acts.
K. M. Pererva
Full Text Available Purpose. This paper is a study of innovative methods of learning and teaching English with the help of Internet resources and students motivation to seek the necessary information at homework. Methodology. The main principle of the Web-Quest as a type of English language teaching is to motivate students. For example, by participation in the Web-Quest students, who were unsure of their knowledge, become more confident. Having clear goals and objectives, using computer skills, motivated young people more actively acts as a confident user of English. Findings. According to the technology of We-Quests students were asked to create one or more projects directly related to the successful execution of the work. It is a significant result of all the hard work of students, and it is the subject of evaluation. Evaluation is an essential component of Web-Quest or any other project, and from this point of view, the criteria should be clear and accessible to students from the very beginning. These instructions can and should be changed in order to differentiate and provide an oral presentation and written work. Originality. Basically, Web-Quests are mini-projects in which a higher percentage of the material obtained from the Internet. They can be created by teachers or students, depending on the type of training work. The author detailed the increase of possibilities in the search of Internet projects with other creative types of student work. They may include: review of the literature, essay writing, discussion of read works and other. Practical value. The paper confirmed that the roles and tasks, reflecting the real world, invites to cooperate, stimulate and train the thinking process at a higher level. That is why the use of Web-Quests can improve the language skills of the educational process (reading for information extraction, detailed reading, negotiations, oral and written communication, and other.
Describes many reasons why the author decided to teach English as an occupation. Suggests that jobs should be ones people enjoy, ones they look forward to getting out of bed for in the morning. Notes that people ought to do what they excel at with no consideration for financial reward. Suggests that those who study good literature find epiphanies.…
Alexandra Uzoaku Esimaje
The role of consciousness in learning has dominated current debate on second language learning. This is now the focal point of recent research by philosophers, psychologists, language theorists, linguists and especially language teachers who carry the burden of pedagogical consequences. The singular question is – how can successful language learning be achieved? In this paper, attempt at answer is made through the appraisal of the effect of consciousness, awareness or noticing on learni...
Language is a system of arbitrary vocal symbols used for human communication. It is closely and intricately related to culture. It is part of culture. And as carriers of culture, language reflects culture. This essay dwells on the digging of the relationship between the language teaching, especially English teaching, and culture teaching today, and tries to find a more suitable method of language teaching as well as culture teaching.
Eleni I. Korosidou
Full Text Available The present paper outlines the process of introducing a pilot EFL (English as a Foreign Language project, which integrates content and language learning. It aimed at developing young learners’ language skills in English, through integrating English language learning with the subject of Geography. The project was piloted in two fifth grade (5th classrooms of a Greek primary school. The results of the intervention project indicated the positive effects of the project on students’ oral and written skills and their attitude towards foreign language learning.
Full Text Available The purpose of the current study is to explore the effects of pre-service teachers’ language learning beliefs on their practice teaching. Two randomly chosen pre-service teachers were recruited in the study (one male, one female. This research mainly adopted a qualitative approach using a structured interview, philosophy statements, field-notes during observations and the reflective journals of the participants. To explore their language learning beliefs and to determine the categories participants’ interview transcriptions were open coded. Five main categories of language learning beliefs were identified in the end of the analysis; (1 ideal English learner, (2 ideal English teacher, (3 ideal English classroom, (4 difficulties in language learning process, (5 strategies of learners to overcome difficulties. The findings of the observation checklist and reflection papers written by the participants revealed some significant effects of the language learning beliefs of pre-service teachers on their practice teaching. Briefly, the results of the study revealed that both participants’ teachings were greatly affected by their foreign language learning beliefs. However, it was also seen that some external factors created some divergences between the beliefs and practice teaching.
Language is a socializing tool. The fundamental purpose of English teaching is training the students to put English into practical social use. As the most common medium to acquire knowledge and develop a sensation for a language, accurate listening, is mandatory before accurate speaking. Only when the listener has listened to the instruction correctly, could the listener do according to the instruction; this demonstrates the social function of language.
Meyers, Laura F.
The article details on three classroom projects using computers and synthesized speech software to foster expressive language and facilitate language comprehension in severely visually handicapped preschoolers and in preschool- and school-age Downs syndrome children. Computer use with a cerebral palsied child for story comprehension and…
Tan Yao Sua
Full Text Available In 2003, there was a significant change in the language policy in theMalaysian education system whereby the Malaysian government decidedto introduce English as a language medium to teach science andmathematics at all levels of the education system in stages. The aim of the policy was to arrest declining standards of English amongMalaysian students. The implementation of this policy was mostcontentious at the primary school level involving two different models of implementation: bilingual model for the Chinese primary school and maximum exposure model for the national school and the Tamil primary school. This paper examines the problems and challenges of implementing the policy of teaching science and mathematics in English in the Malaysian primary schools, which entails learning through a second language. It looks at some of the theoretical constructs pertaining to choice of language as well as learning through a second language. These theoretical constructs offer some perspective lights on the implementation of the policy of teaching science and mathematics in English in the Malaysian primary schools by highlighting its strengths and weaknesses. Based on these theoretical constructs, this paper posits the bilingual model adopted by the Chinese primary schools as a better model to facilitate learning through a second language during the earlyyears of schooling.
English teachers constantly have to think up new ways to engage their class. It's hard enough for teachers to fit all their marking, extra-curricular duties and training into their lives, let alone finding time to think up exciting new ways of introducing Dickens, or designing activities to bring Caribbean poetry to life. Resources for Teaching English 11-14 provides complete, curriculum-friendly lesson plans and student worksheets for busy secondary school teachers. This resource comprises an assortment of more than 70 lesson plans, each designed to motivate and inspire students and
Outlines the features of "pulpstyle" and its continuing influence on later science fiction. Considers some science fiction texts that explicitly address language issues. These ideas are related to practical techniques of using science fiction in the language classroom. (Author/VWL)
Breyer, Yvonne Alexandra
This book highlights the potential and the challenges of corpora in language education with a particular focus on the teacher's perspective. For this purpose, the study explores the relevance of the corpus approach to central paradigms underlying contemporary language education. Furthermore, a critical analysis investigates the persisting gap…
The English as a Foreign Language / Lingua Franca Debate: Sensitising Teachers of English as a Foreign Language Towards Teaching English as a Lingua Franca El debate del inglés como lengua extranjera o como lengua franca: sensibilización de docentes de inglés como lengua extranjera hacia la enseñanza del inglés como lengua franca
Gillian Mansfield; Franca Poppi
The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must nevertheles...
Lin, Grace Hui Chin; Chien, Paul Shih-chieh
Teaching English became a professional and academic field from a half century ago. Many researches for teacher education and teacher training have been conducted in order to raise the English as well as the foreign language trainers' knowledge and capabilities in carrying out effective lessons in classroom. During second millennium of speedily…
...Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys, OMB Control Number...of 1995. Title of Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: Fulbright English Teaching Assistantship (ETA) Program...
Freeman, Donald; Katz, Anne; Garcia Gomez, Pablo; Burns, Anne
The expansion of English teaching in state education systems places increasing demands on English language teachers and how they are trained. A major thrust of these efforts has focused on improving teachers' English language proficiency. This expectation is manifested in policy and pedagogical directives that teachers "teach English in…
Moeain Arend; Rochelle Kapp
The focus of this paper is an analysis of the conceptualisation of language teaching and the construction of learners in the new National Senior Certificate grade 12 curriculum and examinations taken by students for whom English is an additional language. The paper examines the values, attitudes and beliefs, as well as the required levels of cognitive engagement and notions of reading and writing. The authors argue that the curriculum represents a significant improvement on the previous versi...
Medina T., Rene
This paper discusses the use of the teaching unit as a means for organization in English-as-a-foreign-language classes. It lists the essential elements in the construction of such a unit: cultural topic, linguistic elements, time period, main objectives, instructional materials, focus, specific activities, intended results, evaluation techniques,…
Weshah, Hani A.; Tomok, Tamara N.
This study investigated the impact of a training program based on pedagogical knowledge on improving the speaking and writing skills teaching practices of female English language teachers. The participants consisted of 30 teachers: 10 as an experimental group and 20 as a control group. To answer the study questions, the researchers developed a…
Mora, Karina C.
This portfolio is a compilation of second language teaching research and ideas put together during the author’s time as a MSLT student. It includes a personal teaching philosophy supported by three related artifacts. It also contains an annotated bibliography with an overview of some of the research examined during her time in the program. Her personal teaching philosophy underscores how communicative language teaching can help students learn language through meaningful use....
Aisha M. Alhussain
The purpose of this paper is twofold. The first objective is to give an account of why I set out to study teaching styles, how I carried out and analyzed a questionnaire survey, what results I got, and what the implications of these results are. The intent is to provide teachers with enough information to help them think about how these findings play out in their own classrooms, thus putting them on track to adapt their teaching style to their students' learning style. The second objective is...
Jack C Richards
One quality among the many that characterize effective teachers is the ability to bring a creative disposition to teaching. In second language teaching, creativity has also been linked to levels of attainment in language learning. Many of the language tasks favored by contemporary language teaching methods are believed to release creativity in learners – particularly those involving studentcentred, interaction-based, and open-ended elements. Drawing on teacher narratives and co...
Abbas Pourhosein Gilakjani
Full Text Available One of the most important uses of technology is that it makes it easy for instructors to incorporate multimedia into their teaching. There are different multimedia tools. Three of the most popular ones are visual, auditory, and kinaesthetic in which students take in information. Some students are visual learners, while others are auditory or kinaesthetic learners. While students use all of their senses to take in information, they seem to have preferences in how they learn best. In order to help students learn, teachers need to teach as many of these preferences as possible. Therefore, teachers can incorporate these multimedia tools in their curriculum activities so that students are able to succeed in their classes. This study is an analysis of multimedia tools for Iranian EFL students. Over 100 students complete a questionnaire to determine if their multimedia tools are auditory, visual, or kinaesthetic. The purpose of this study is to increase faculty awareness and understanding of the impact of multimedia tools on the teaching process. A review of the literature along with analysis of the data will determine how multimedia tools affect the teaching process.
Athanases, Steven Z.; Bennett, Lisa H.; Wahleithner, Juliet Michelsen
Consensus exists that effective teaching includes capacity to adapt instruction to respond to student learning challenges as they arise. Adaptive teachers may keep pace with rapidly evolving youth literacies and students' increasing cultural and linguistic diversity. Teachers are challenged to critically examine pedagogy when some contexts expect…
Task-based approach is a new approach in education practice. In task-based classroom, the chief focus is the performance of tasks. The task, rather than being a unit of grammar to be digested or a collection of lexical items to be remembered, is a means of learning the language by doing tasks. It requires exposure to comprehensive input and opportunities to interact in the language. The task has to be negotiated by the learners with the help of the teacher, whose job is to facilitate learning...
Zoreda, Margaret Lee
This paper describes an advanced English course at a Mexican university entitled, "Short Science Fiction Stories in English." The course is based on an ecological, co-emergent approach in which the various components of curriculum action are understood to exist in a dynamic and mutually specifying relationship. With this conceptual approach, the…
In recent years, Asian countries including South Korea have been trying to redefine the role of English in response to globalisation. The impact of this on English language teaching and on Korean society more generally has been well documented; however, the impact of this change on individual teachers and their teaching calls for further…
Juzwik, Mary M.; Sherry, Michael B.
How do teachers in diverse classrooms enact a transactional mode of literary response in their orchestration of classroom conversations about literature? This paper proposes that a theory of expressive language is central to answering this question and that the discourse genre of oral narratives may hold critical importance in accomplishing this…
Full Text Available During a ten-day teaching abroad experience in China, eight teachers from the United States implemented an interactive curriculum focusing on disciplinary literacy and authentic tasks. Employing multiliteracies and kidwatching, teachers encouraged Chinese students to compose while focusing primarily on communicating ideas rather than grammatical correctness. This article provides a one-student case study that serves as a representative example of the growth of 50 elementary-level students involved in the experience. Initially, Paul focused on writing correctness in response to prompts; his compositions were short and provided little detail. After we provided multimodal and interactive authentic experiences and encouraged risk-taking, Paul's representative compositions became more detailed and complex. The implications for engaging in this type of teaching experience underscore the benefits of providing students with authentic experiences that are multimodal and interactive while simultaneously encouraging risk-taking. The pedagogical growth that teachers made working with ELL students is also discussed.
ASHOK KUMAR.B. SURAPUR
It is a common knowledge that, Amartye sen the outstanding economist and noble prize winner in economics, suggested two major areas of investments-education and Health, to uplift the country from the state of poverty, ill health, illeracy and unemployment ,into a modern financial, vibrant society. Accordingly both the U.G.C and state governments are investing massive funds into the development of educational infrastructure, like universities, quality – teaching personnel, educationalist are g...
Abbas Pourhosein Gilakjani
One of the most important uses of technology is that it makes it easy for instructors to incorporate multimedia into their teaching. There are different multimedia tools. Three of the most popular ones are visual, auditory, and kinaesthetic in which students take in information. Some students are visual learners, while others are auditory or kinaesthetic learners. While students use all of their senses to take in information, they seem to have preferences in how they learn best. In order to h...
The main purpose of this article is to discuss the importance of error analysis in the teaching of English as a foreign language. Although errors are bad things in learning English as a foreign language%2C error analysis is advantageous for both learners and teachers. For learners%2C error analysis is needed to show them in what aspect in grammar which is difficult for them%2C where as for teachers%2C it is required to evaluate themselves whether they are successful or not in teaching English...
Full Text Available Teaching English to Young Learners has become a trend nowadays. In every school, English is taught as one of the main subjects. In teaching young learners is not like teaching adults, children have their own way of learning. Since children like to play and have fun, the learning and teaching process should be suited with the nature of the children themselves. One of the forms of fun activities for children is through music, and songs are the common form of music that children know. Through this paper, the writer wants to show that through songs, children could enhance their language skills, such as speaking, listening and writing.
The onset of the present paper throws light on materials selection and traditional outlook. Then the paper discusses four types of materials, more specifically, instructional, experiential, exploratory and elicitative materials and their use in language classroom. It discusses the role relationship between teachers, learners and materials in the present scenario at Aligarh Muslim University, keeping in consideration the requirements of the changing times. The paper aims to highlight the posit...
Mestre i Mestre, Eva María
Linguistic error has proven to be a recurrent area of interest for researchers. There exist several types of approaches to error; some studies have focused on specific errors, such as grammatical errors, others on more general or exogenous issues, such as the perception of error of the group object of study, etc. From the point of view of methodology, some have been dedicated to the definition and description of error, while others have studied the identification of erroneous uses of language...
Vagueness, as an intrinsic feature of human language, has caused much attention. Many researches on vagueness have already been done in different fields, namely in daily conversations, newspapers, advertisements, science, literature, business affairs, and the like. However, up to now, most researches on vagueness have been confined to the semantic field, while the pragmatic perspective had not been paid much attention to yet. Besides, so far, much effort has been made on the theoretical study...
The English as a Foreign Language/Lingua Franca Debate: Sensitising Teachers of English as a Foreign Language towards Teaching English as a Lingua Franca (El debate del inglés como lengua extranjera o como lengua franca: sensibilización de docentes de inglés como lengua extranjera hacia la enseñanza del inglés como lengua franca)
Mansfield, Gillian; Poppi, Franca
The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities…
The Cooperative Principle by American linguist Grice is one of the major principles guiding people’s communication. Observing the Cooperative Principle will be helpful for people to improve the flexibility and accuracy of language communication. The ultimate aim of spoken English teaching is to develop students’ communicative competence. Therefore, it is significant to apply the Cooperative Principle to oral English teaching. This paper tries to prove the applicability of Cooperative Principl...
General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 04 October 2004 to 11 February 2005 (3 weeks break at Christmas). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) For further information, please contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Date and timetable will be fixed when there are sufficient participants enrolled. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 languag...
General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 04 October 2004 to 11 February 2005 (3 weeks break at Christmas). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) For further information, please contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Date and timetable will be fixed when there are sufficient participants enrolled. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 languag...
Ilknur ISTIFCI; Tamar LOMIDAZDE; Ugur DEMIRAY
Meta communication plays a key role in foreign language learning and teaching. Broadly speaking, meta communication is communication about communication. Meta communication is something that goes beyond communication and all language learners and teachers should be familiar with its existence. It should be stressed that meta communication which accompanies any message is very powerful. In face to face writing lessons, the student can make emphasis on any point by utilizing larger fonts, capit...
Rahn, Naomi L.; Wilson, Jennifer; Egan, Andrea; Brandes, Dana; Kunkel, Amy; Peterson, Meredith; McComas, Jennifer
This study examined the effects of incremental rehearsal (IR) on letter sound expression for one kindergarten and one first grade English learner who were below district benchmark for letter sound fluency. A single-subject multiple-baseline design across sets of unknown letter sounds was used to evaluate the effect of IR on letter-sound expression…
Singh, S. K.
English is considered as a global language. The knowledge of English is a demand oftime. In the modern world of globalization, English is a linking language. It is very usefuland helpful in every walk of life. It is very important for acquiring jobs and developingthe personality. English has the status of an international language as it is spoken andunderstood by a vast majority of people in the world. Knowledge of English is essentialfor establishing intellectual, cultural, economic, commerc...
If teachers are to successfully develop their students' English language skills it is vital that they overcome any existing lack of confidence and training in grammar and language concepts. Language Knowledge for Secondary Teachers is an accessible book aiming to equip secondary teachers with the knowledge they need to teach language effectively. It clearly explains the essential concepts for language study, introduces the terminology needed for 'talking about language' and shows how this knowledge can be applied to the skills of reading, writing, speaking and listening. This
ASHOK KUMAR .B. SURAPUR
Full Text Available It is a common knowledge that, Amartye sen the outstanding economist and noble prize winner in economics, suggested two major areas of investments-education and Health, to uplift the country from the state of poverty, ill health, illeracy and unemployment ,into a modern financial, vibrant society. Accordingly both the U.G.C and state governments are investing massive funds into the development of educational infrastructure, like universities, quality – teaching personnel, educationalist are generating new venues of employment in the country, one of the basic question is that, frequently raised, whether all this investment and benefits are going to sections of society or whether they are reaching the under privileged and ignored sections of society or they are concerneded by a few privileged and advantageous groups.
The central theme of this book is the ambiguities and tensions teachers face as they attempt to position themselves in ways that legitimize them as language teachers, and as English speakers. Focusing on three EFL teachers and their schools in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca, it documents how ordinary practices of language educators are…
Igwilla, Juma C.
English is regarded as a second language in Tanzania for it is the major language of law, government, education, business and industry. It is important that it is a compulsory subject in the curriculum - from primary to tertiary education level. The central point for discussion will be on the class management problem created with whole class instruction in a communicative approach.
Dogancay-Aktuna, Seran, Ed.; Hardman, Joel, Ed.
Today's English language teaching goes beyond the norms of English spoken and taught in native-English-speaking countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, or Australia. Increasingly, a variety of countries have established, formally or informally, a kind of English unique to their own populations, and English language teachers within…
Shishavan, Homa Babai
In this study English language teachers and learners engaged in teaching and learning of English in Iranian universities, high schools and private language institutes were asked about characteristics of an effective English language teacher. The aim of the study was to investigate whether male and female teachers and learners of English hold…
Changyu Li; Lijuan Li
Through a questionnaire and a survey, the paper analyses the present College English teaching and the contributing factors for the ineffective College English teaching. Based on the analysis, the paper suggests four countermeasures to improve College English teaching quality. According to this paper, only when teachers and educational workers continue to learn modern foreign language teaching theory, reform teaching methods and patterns, instruct students in adjusting learning strategies, tra...
Alami, Suhair Al
The teaching of English in the United Arab Emirates is based upon the communicative approach and aims to enable EFL students to employ language skills for communication purposes, as appropriate. Personal experience and the author's colleagues' observations, however, reveal that a number of EFL university students fail to achieve adequate communicative competence, which, in turn, does not qualify them to exploit the foreign language of English as required by their curricula as well as by today...
General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 04 October 2004 to 11 February 2005 (3 weeks break at Christmas). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) For further information, please contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Date and timetable will be fixed when there are sufficient participants enrolled. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 langua...
A noticeable national trend in schools today is the rapid increase in the number of the English language learners. The widespread use of technology in classrooms is another trend today. In combining these two trends, this paper discusses the best practices that teachers can use in classrooms to work effectively with English language learners…
Full Text Available Teaching foreign language is a challenging task; in language learning, speaking skill is considered a core productive part of learning. With this in mind, this article investigates how speaking can be made articulate and smooth. Furthermore, this article also determines the relationship between reading and speaking proficiency and extent to which teachers-led reading can affect students’ speaking performance. It is a known fact that lack of vocabulary makes learners stumbling and hesitant in speaking, because words precede communication ahead. In language learning hesitations/weakness in speaking can be overcome by encouraging learners to read a specific text. If teachers engage their students in worthwhile activities, such as providing appropriate and interesting reading texts in order to enable them to communicate what they have read. This article aims to reveal how reading gears speaking and reduces time in learning foreign language.
The advantages of teaching English literature in an arts classroom through performance are described. The innovative assignments including poetry, applying performance techniques to a novel and drama helps students to learn English in a better way.
Lena Zamorshchikova; Olga Egorova; Marina Popova
This paper discusses recent uses of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in fostering Internet-based projects for learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL) at the Faculty of Foreign Languages in Yakutsk State University, Russia. It covers the authors’ experiences integrating distance education and creating educational resources within the Moodle LMS and wiki projects based on Web 2.0 social networking technologies. Also it discusses our international project, Net-based Cour...
Revised edition for the 2015 syllabus offering the easiest and most cost effective way to teach both the speaking and listening components with one set of books covering two years and free digital material. This title has been written for the revised Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language (0510 and 0511) syllabuses, for first teaching from 2013. ? Prepares students for their exams with a focus on assessed language features, such as inference, opinion and attitude. ? Develops language abilities at an appropriate pace with extra interactive tests on a free CD-ROM. We are working with Cambr
Today, interest in developing courses that provide interdisciplinary perspectives is increasing. In this way, we could obviously illustrate and give exact comparisons for our learners of English as a second language, in order to avoid their misconception and later incorrect usage of exact grammatical patterns. Thus a detailed study particularly upon the key patterns of each language, especially the correct usage of verbs, is necessary not even for the learner, but also for the teacher and esp...
Beach, Richard; Webb, Allen
As the new English Language Arts Common Core State Standards take hold across the United States, the need grows for pre-service and in-service teachers to be ready to develop curriculum and instruction that addresses their requirements. This timely, thoughtful, and comprehensive text directly meets this need. It delineates a literacy practices and critical engagement curriculum framework for 6-12 English language arts education that explains and illustrates how the Standards' highest and best intentions for student success can be implemented from a critical, culturally relevant perspective tha
Abstract: Language is an indispensable part of culture. To understand language means knowing about culture first. Culture teaching plays an essential role in English language teaching. The cultural orientation in language communication should be highly valued and the relevant cultural background should be led in where necessary. This paper discusses the training of cross-cultural awareness in college English teaching by taking Integrated Skills of English as an example. Besides teaching langu...
Oral Expression The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Timetable: Tuesday 11.30 to 13.30 Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is designed for people with a good level of spoken English. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. For registration and further information on these courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mrs. Benz: Tel. 73127. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 langua...
Oral Expression The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Timetable: Tuesday 11.30 to 13.30 Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is designed for people with a good level of spoken English. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. For registration and further information on these courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mrs. Benz: Tel. 73127. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 langu...
Homa Babai Shishavan
In this study English language teachers and learners engaged in teaching and learning of English in Iranian universities, high schools and private language institutes were asked about characteristics of an effective English language teacher. The aim of the study was to investigate whether male and female teachers and learners of English hold different views on characteristics of an effective English language teacher. For this purpose a researcher made questionnaire comprising 46 questions o...
The Cooperative Principle by American linguist Grice is one of the major principles guiding people's communication. Observing the Cooperative Principle will be helpful for people to improve the flexibility and accuracy of language communication. The ultimate aim of spoken English teaching is to develop students' communicative competence.…
The article dwells upon pedagogical issues for teaching Business English. Considered are the peculiarities of BE syllabus, which depends on the learners’ needs; language proficiency and skills requirements for BE teachers, the balance of training time to be spent on input and output; feedback on learners’ performance, flexibility of the trainer etc.
Drawing upon the notion of hyperglobalism and critical perspectives on English as an international language, this study examines the ways in which English language teaching via volunteer tourism (i.e. English-language voluntourism) is represented and legitimated as an altruistic practice among organizational sponsors and in the talk of current and…
Cargill, Margaret; O'Connor, Patrick; Li, Yongyan
As is the worldwide trend, scientists in China face strong and increasing pressure to publish their research in international peer-reviewed journals written in English. There is an acute need for graduate students to develop the required language skills alongside their scientific expertise, in spite of the distinct division currently existing…
In teaching business communication, instructors usually can take for granted that English is the language of business communication in a globalised world. Even in a multicultural and multilinguistic country such as Malaysia, the assumption that English is the language to use is shared by those who manage programs, those who teach, and students.…
Full Text Available This paper derives its impetus from the consensus today that the media play an indispensable role in
democratic governance for sustained development. The media foster, most importantly, accountability,
transparency, rule of law, respect for human rights, and civic participation, which are vital in securing the
economic well-being of a people. Language, as the main vehicle that drives communication or journalistic
imperatives to the “consumer”, thus becomes a critical factor.
The focus here is on the effective and appropriate use of English (Ghana’s official language in
newspapers in Ghana. It is argued that the majority of newspapers display linguistic ineptitude, thereby
weakening their capacity to package and make development-oriented messages accessible to the reader.
Specifically, the majority of newspapers present news in grammatically faulty and semantically confusing
constructions that blur meaning. Thus, through a comparative study of the English and English-related
courses in four journalism training institutions in Ghana and the English provisions in the latest UNESCO
journalism curricula for Africa (2007, the study shows that English competence appears to be taken for
granted in the training institutions.
This paper therefore argues for journalism education in Ghana to focus on helping trainee journalists to
acquire English language competency. A more worthwhile complement will be to de-emphasise the
“core” journalism or media knowledge and skills students are made to focus all their attention on in the
schools and rather emphasise English use and usage. The paper suggests a reorganisation of English
studies including institutional structure, curriculum and syllabus development, infrastructure, teaching,
and learning methodology as ways of broadening English language pedagogy to produce the calibre of
journalists who can really champion the democratic and developmental aspirations of Ghana and Africa.
Luis S. Villacañas de Castro
Full Text Available Abstract: This article argues that teaching a foreign language (English, in this case involves a linguistic obstacle which, if not negotiated properly, may place this task in contradiction with some basic principles of Social-constructivist pedagogy. After this obstacle is identified and some potential solutions are discarded, the article resorts to some of the didactic advances developed in the field of English as a second language (ESL teaching during the last two decades, since the latter has remained more attentive to the conflictive nature of social interactions than any other area in English Learning (EL. Resulting from this analysis, the paper finally resorts to examples in recent EFL research and comes up with a model for Teaching English as an International Language (TEIL, the main feature of which is to integrate EFL students’ critical reflections on the position enjoyed by English in the international socio-economic arena and the students’ relation to it.Resumen: Este artículo postula que la enseñanza de una Lengua Extranjera (en este caso, del inglés implica un obstáculo lingüístico que, si no se negocia de forma adecuada, puede hacer esta una tarea contradictoria con los principios básicos de la pedagogía socio-constructivista. Tras identificar este obstáculo y descartar algunas potenciales soluciones, el artículo recurre a los avances didácticos desarrollados en la Enseñanza del Inglés como Segunda Lengua durante las últimas dos décadas, un área ha permanecido más atenta a la naturaleza conflictiva de las interacciones sociales. A partir de este análisis, el artículo extrae algunos ejemplos de la literatura reciente para derivar un modelo de Enseñanza del Inglés como Lengua Internacional cuyo principal rasgo radica en ser capaz de integrar las reflexiones de los estudiantes de inglés comoLengua Extranjera sobre la posición que este idioma disfruta en el contexto socio-económico internacional y sobre sus propias relaciones con este contexto.
María Teresa, Valdés Linares; Sisely, González Valdés; Idania, Díaz Cabeza; Aniuska, Verdayes Vives; Luis Manuel, Díaz Lobo.
Full Text Available Se hizo un estudio con el método de revisión bibliográfica sobre la enseñanza del Inglés en los Centros de Educación Médica Superior (CEMS), en la que se analizaron artículos sobre la revolución científico-técnica y las nuevas tecnologías al servicio de la sociedad, y sobre cómo la universidad se ha [...] insertado en este nuevo universo, desempeñando un papel clave, desde múltiples aristas, en lo académico, científico, profesional y cultural. Se ha tomado en cuenta la pertinencia, calidad e internacionalización de la enseñanza del idioma inglés, así como la preparación de los profesionales de la salud en el idioma inglés para su ejercicio profesional tanto dentro como fuera del país. La enseñanza del inglés, por su importancia, ha sido contemplada en los planes de estudio en las universidades médicas; la que va desde la traducción de artículos científicos, la comunicación personal y profesional en misiones internacionalistas y la discusión de los resultados de las investigaciones, entre otras; así se creó el fundamento teórico de este trabajo cuyo objetivo es caracterizar la enseñanza de este idioma en los Centros de Enseñanza Médica Superior, desde el pregrado y su profundización en el posgrado. Conocer y dominar el inglés ha facilitado a los investigadores y expertos utilizar la tecnología y ponerla en función de sus necesidades profesionales y personales. Abstract in english A study using the method of literature review on the subject of English Language was conducted in Higher Medical Educational Centers, where the articles about scientific-technical revolution and the new technologies to the service of society were analyzed, as well as how the university falls within [...] this new universe performing a key role from multiple points: academic, scientific, professional and cultural. Pertinence, quality and universalization of the English Language teaching was taken into account; moreover the training of health professionals in this foreign language inside and out of the country. English Language teaching, due to its importance, has been included in the syllabus of the medical universities, covering from the translation of scientific articles, to the professional and personal communication in medical international missions and discussion of the results of the researches, among others; this way the theoretical basis of this research was created with the purpose of characterizing the teaching of English Language in Higher Medical Educational Centers, from the pre-graduate and its deepening in postgraduate levels. Learning and mastering English Language has provided researchers and experts with the use of the technology to solve professional and personal needs.
The contributions to this volume explore several focal issues related to the global spread of English and their implications for English language teaching, providing both theoretical and empirical perspectives on recent research and implications in educational terms. The volume is divided into three thematic sections, namely ""Developments in ELF research and pedagogic implications"", ""Raising teachers' awareness of ELF"", and ""ELF and ELT practices"". The book provides up-to-date perspectives o...
This thesis is a tentative endeavor to employ English-Chinese comparison to culture teaching so as to help English learners overcome negative transfer from their native culture and learn more idiomatic English.
Key words: the English language, the Chinese language, comparison, culture teaching
Résumé: Cet essai tente d’employer la comparaison anglais-chinois à l’enseignement de culture afin d’ai...
Full Text Available The focus of this paper is an analysis of the conceptualisation of language teaching and the construction of learners in the new National Senior Certificate grade 12 curriculum and examinations taken by students for whom English is an additional language. The paper examines the values, attitudes and beliefs, as well as the required levels of cognitive engagement and notions of reading and writing. The authors argue that the curriculum represents a significant improvement on the previous version. However, there is a considerable mismatch between the Curriculum Statement and the examination papers. The curriculum emphasis on the role of language as a tool for critical, independent thinking is not evident in the examination papers, which reinforce traditional gender norms and essentialised notions of Africa. The examination papers are cognitively undemanding, requiring only the most basic understandings of texts. The authors argue that, by making it possible to pass at a very basic level, the examination system in effect obscures the contradiction that although the majority of learners have to use English as a first language across the curriculum, the language itself is taught as a second language.
This book offers a lively introduction to the research methods and techniques available to English language teachers who wish to investigate aspects of their own practice. It covers qualitative and quantitative methodology and includes sections on observation, introspection, diary studies, experiments, interviews, questionnaires, numerical techniques and case study research. Each method is illustrated with examples in language teaching contexts, and techniques of data collection and analysis are introduced. The authors focus particularly on research in the classroom, on tests, materials, the
Hanna Onyi Yusuf
Full Text Available The study investigated the availability, utilization and management of ICT facilities in teaching English language in secondary schools in Kaduna State, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. A questionnaire titled “Availability, Utilization and Management of Information and Communication Technology in teaching English Language in Secondary Schools” (AUMICTSS was used for data collection. Twenty randomly selected secondary schools from Kaduna metropolis were used for the study. A total of 100 teachers participated by responding to the items on the questionnaire. The data collected was analysed using frequencies and percentages. The findings of the study revealed that there is a dearth of ICT facilities in secondary schools in Kaduna as there are only very few of such facilities available in most of the schools visited. It also revealed that most teachers were not competent in the use of these facilities as the management of these facilities requires training and re-training. It was recommended as a matter of urgency that government should provide more ICT facilities in schools and ensure the provision of electricity in every secondary school for optimal utilization of these facilities. Teachers should equally be trained and re-trained regularly in the use and management of ICT facilities for effective English Language curriculum delivery.
Pennington, Martha C.
Hackman's (1987) job characteristics model of work motivation is described and applied to English language teaching, with concrete recommendations made on the basis of Hackman's action principles for job design. The approach results in teacher opportunities for long-term growth, career advancement, increased self-actualization, and empowerment.…
McKenzie, Lolita D.
English language learners (ELLs) spend a majority of their instructional time in mainstream classrooms with mainstream teachers. Reading is an area with which many ELLs are challenged when placed within mainstream classrooms. Scaffolding has been identified as one of the best teaching practices for helping students read. ELL students in a local…
Describes one teacher's success with using "Harry Potter" in a program to teach elementary school English language learners. Provides comprehension strategies incorporated to help learners understand the story. Highlights the importance of creating a classroom environment with a low level of anxiety, the implications of the program, and the value…
The purpose of learning a foreign language is to learn to communicate in the target language. For foreign language educators, to develop the learner’s intercultural communication competence is to know how to teach foreign culture. Culture teaching in foreign language education is a problem countered by language teachers throughout all universities and colleges in the world. Language is one of the most important carriers of culture and reflects the latter. Without language, culture would...
María Teresa Valdés Linares
Full Text Available Se hizo un estudio con el método de revisión bibliográfica sobre la enseñanza del Inglés en los Centros de Educación Médica Superior (CEMS, en la que se analizaron artículos sobre la revolución científico-técnica y las nuevas tecnologías al servicio de la sociedad, y sobre cómo la universidad se ha insertado en este nuevo universo, desempeñando un papel clave, desde múltiples aristas, en lo académico, científico, profesional y cultural. Se ha tomado en cuenta la pertinencia, calidad e internacionalización de la enseñanza del idioma inglés, así como la preparación de los profesionales de la salud en el idioma inglés para su ejercicio profesional tanto dentro como fuera del país. La enseñanza del inglés, por su importancia, ha sido contemplada en los planes de estudio en las universidades médicas; la que va desde la traducción de artículos científicos, la comunicación personal y profesional en misiones internacionalistas y la discusión de los resultados de las investigaciones, entre otras; así se creó el fundamento teórico de este trabajo cuyo objetivo es caracterizar la enseñanza de este idioma en los Centros de Enseñanza Médica Superior, desde el pregrado y su profundización en el posgrado. Conocer y dominar el inglés ha facilitado a los investigadores y expertos utilizar la tecnología y ponerla en función de sus necesidades profesionales y personales.A study using the method of literature review on the subject of English Language was conducted in Higher Medical Educational Centers, where the articles about scientific-technical revolution and the new technologies to the service of society were analyzed, as well as how the university falls within this new universe performing a key role from multiple points: academic, scientific, professional and cultural. Pertinence, quality and universalization of the English Language teaching was taken into account; moreover the training of health professionals in this foreign language inside and out of the country. English Language teaching, due to its importance, has been included in the syllabus of the medical universities, covering from the translation of scientific articles, to the professional and personal communication in medical international missions and discussion of the results of the researches, among others; this way the theoretical basis of this research was created with the purpose of characterizing the teaching of English Language in Higher Medical Educational Centers, from the pre-graduate and its deepening in postgraduate levels. Learning and mastering English Language has provided researchers and experts with the use of the technology to solve professional and personal needs.
Christa Van der Walt
It has been a cornerstone of English language teaching, as well as a proud tradition, that English should be taught by using only English. The practice is not questioned often and student teachers remember and are sometimes reminded during their practical teaching sessions of various techniques and strategies that can be used to get learners to speak English only, from pretending to be deaf when learners address them in their home language to punishing learners by exacting a ‘fine’ of some so...
Full Text Available Many researchers like Wang (2008:3 believe that language teaching is culture teaching and foreign language teachers are actually foreign culture teachers. The main reason behind the idea of teaching the culture together with the language is that in many situations it is difficult to simply translate one language into another language especially when either of the languages lack these words or expressions. The foreign language lacks these words simply because the people do not have them in their own cultures. The paper includes examples of words that appear in Turkish and English because of the cultural importance of what they refer to. The present paper also includes reasons and recommendations for language teachers to indicate how important it is to include culture in their teaching.
Beckles, Nancy María
Full Text Available This paper describes teaching-learning process shortcomings in the English for Medical Purposes, a subject of fourth-year medical student’s curriculum at the medical university of Camagüey. Its main objective is aimed at the elaboration of a Methodological Alternative distinguished by the use of the Project Method approach to favour the development of writing skills in English. This Methodological Alternative is characterized by being flexible, pertinent and able to develop and integrate knowledge of the English language and medicine. It has two main stages: Socio-affective dynamics for the production of written texts in English for medical purposes and the dynamics for the construction of written texts in English for medical purposes. The results of considering expertise’s’ opinion revealed the feasibility of the proposal as a fostering tool for teaching writing in medical sciences.
Full Text Available Abstract Global research has shown the persistence of inequality with regard to accessing curriculum with a view to obtaining suitable work and making useful contributions to society. The intersection of race, gender, language and low socio-economic levels creates situations which often marginalize ethnic minorities in school settings (Freire, 1968; Nieto & Turner, 2012. The graduation rates in the United States for Native American, African American and Hispanic students are lower than the graduation rates of Whites and Asian Americans. In addition, Bangladeshis and African Caribbeans currently living in the UK are under-represented in higher education, particularly young men in those communities. The research questions that guide this inquiry are: (1 According to databases, how does the academic performance of language minority groups compare to the academic performance of non-linguistic minority groups at the elementary and secondary levels of education? (2 According to language support teachers and university students, what are the strengths and weaknesses of the instructional practices for language minorities who are learning English in the United Kingdom (UK (Bristol and the United States (US (Henrico? Participants were: five UK teachers, four UK university students, five US teachers, four US university students. Data collection supervised by lead researchers included interviews, focus groups, classroom observation, and performance documents. Data analysis utilized a mixed-methods approach. Overall, linguistic minority groups performed lower than their English proficient peers. Culturally, UK teachers provided a greater emphasis on religious instruction, whereas US teachers addressed patriotic topics more frequently. Teachers in the United States and the United Kingdom were culturally supportive with slight variation in the encouraged use of the students’ heritage languages.
Language learning is a complex and challenging endeavor. For students to achieve the desired proficiency in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) their institutions need to invest time, effort and huge resources in order to cater for different learning styles. To be cost effective, many language-teaching institutions strive to provide intensive foreign language (FL) instruction to reduce the time period needed to learn the target language. This explains the current interest in combining differe...
Tragant, Elsa; Muñoz, Carmen
After discussing the ties between language teaching and second language acquisition research, the present paper reviews the role that second language acquisition research has played on two recent pedagogical proposals. First, communicative language teaching, advocated in the early eighties, in which focus on the code was excluded, and then the…
Without being able to see people's facial expressions, their mouths moving, or their body language, it's sometimes difficult to understand them. This, of course, is why English as a second language (ESL) students need so much help in this area. The Greater Pittsburgh Literacy Council started its Telephone Conversation Program to address these…
This article concerns the way that research into Professional Memory (PM) in English teaching might re-connect the school subject with constituencies--the individuals, communities and social values--it once served. By PM I mean the collective memories of a generation of English teachers which, when brought into conjunction with existing histories,…
Muciaccia, John B
Thinking in English represents Dr. Muciaccia's unique method of teaching English to non-native English speakers. Unlike any other English as a Second Language (ESL) book, Muciaccia's book features the "cultural immersion" approach that he has developed and practiced to a fine degree. In addition to his methodology, Muciaccia includes words of encouragement and reviews from people who have benefited from his approach to teaching and learning English.
Farrell, Thomas S. C.; Martin, Sonia
This article suggests that English language teachers should consider all varieties of English, not just British Standard English or American Standard English. In order to better prepare students for the global world, and to show them that their own English is valued, teachers can implement a balanced approach that incorporates the teaching and…
Hsuan-Yu Chen; Jaya Goswami
Classrooms incorporating Cooperative Learning (CL) structures facilitate a supportive learning environment for English Language Learners (ELLs). Accurate pronunciation by ELLs is important for communication, and also benefits academic achievement. The known benefits of CL for ELLs make it a desirable learning environment to teach pronunciation skills. Thus, sufficient consideration must be given to its incorporation in curricula and delivery format. However, in implementing CL structuresin EL...
Xiaoguang Zhao; Lei Zhu
Reading plays a dominant role among the four skills in foreign language acquisition for college students. Unfortunately, over the past few decades, English teaching practice shows that Chinese students are vulnerable in it. Both their reading speed and their reading skills are far from being satisfactory. Schema theory presents a very efficient course in developing students' reading skills and improving their reading abilities. Based on a descriptive research, this paper aims to expound on th...
Manjet Kaur Mehar Singh
Full Text Available Proficiency in English language skills among graduates that create advantages for the organization is preferred by prospective employers as one of the main criteria for employability. This article provides an overview of undergraduates in higher education and also workplace literacy from the perspective of the employers in the manufacturing industry. The result from the research demonstrates that Malaysian manufacturing industry employers perceive that the graduate employees’ English language proficiency skills are still below their expectations. Therefore, this study recommends that there is a need for intervention into language teaching to improve the English language syllabus level of English proficiency at primary, secondary and tertiary level. At the same time, emphasis on the importance of English in everyday use should be inculcated without neglecting the national language of Malaysia. This will ensure that the teaching of English will be in line with globalization and current workplace demands.Keywords: English language skills proficiency, manufacturing industry employers, graduates
In 2006, the author returned to school after completing the Teaching Shakespeare Institute at the Folger Library inspired with new performance-based ideas for teaching the plays. The author began to wonder about using Shakespeare as a vehicle for investigating "rich and strange" language with English Language Learners (ELLs). The author began by…
Ben Said, Selim
This volume gathers contributions from a range of global experts in teacher education to address the topic of language teacher education. It shows how teacher education involves the agency of teachers, which forms part of their identity, and which they take on when integrating into the teaching community of practice. In addition, the volume explores the teachers' situated practice dynamic negotiation of classroom situations, socialization into the professional teaching culture, and ""on the ground experimentation"" with pedagogical skills/techniques.
For many years, foreingn language teaching in our country pays close attention to language itself, but ignores the importance of culture. Therefore, many miscommunications may appear in cross-culture communication. This thesis focuses on the relationship betweent culture and language and emphasizes on the importance of culture in languge teaching. Besides, it supplies some useful and concrete methods to bring culture into language teaching according to the writer’s own teaching expe...
The way in which public examinations influence teaching and learning is commonly described as "washback" or backwash. This study examined the nature and scope of the impact of a public examination on English teaching in Taiwan to add to the existing literature on testing washback in an English-as-a-second-language context. The relational research…
Early career science teachers are often assigned to classrooms with high numbers of English language learners (ELL students). As these teachers learn to become effective practitioners, the circumstances surrounding them merit a thorough examination. This study examines the longitudinal changes in Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) and practices of six early career science teachers who taught in urban schools. The teachers participated in the Alternative Support for Induction Science Teachers (ASIST) program during their initial two years of teaching. Our research team followed the participants over a five-year period. This study focuses on data from Years 1, 3, and 5. The data collected included classroom observations and interviews. In addition, classroom artifacts were collected periodically for the purpose of triangulation. The analysis of the data revealed that with the support of the ASIST program, the teachers implemented inquiry lessons and utilized instructional materials that promoted academic language skills and science competencies among their ELL students. Conversely, standardized testing, teaching assignment, and school culture played a role in constraining the implementation of inquiry-based practices. The results of this study call for collaborative efforts among university science educators and school administrators to provide professional development opportunities and support for the implementation of inquiry and language practices among early career science teachers of ELL students.
This collection contains selected readings of Ccassical writings for linguistic theory, literature history, and applications of the English language in documents from the early beginnings to the 20th century.
Muciaccia, John B.
"Thinking in English" represents Dr. Muciaccia's unique method of teaching English to non-native English speakers. Unlike any other English as a Second Language (ESL) book, Muciaccia's book features the "cultural immersion" approach that he has developed and practiced to a fine degree. In addition to his methodology, Muciaccia includes words of…
The present study compared two different types of English-language teaching approaches, the grammatical approach (GA) and the communicative approach (CA), by the cotwin control method. This study has two purposes: to study the effects of teaching approaches and to estimate genetic influences upon learning aptitudes. Seven pairs of identical twins (MZ) and 4 pairs of fraternal twins (DZ) participated in the experiment along with 68 other nontwin fifth graders. Each cotwin was assigned to the GA and CA respectively and received 20 hours of lessons over a 10-day period. The behavioral similarities between MZ cotwins were statistically and descriptively depicted. No major effect of either teaching approach was noted, but the genetic influence upon individual differences of learning achievement was obvious. Furthermore, an interesting interaction between the teaching approaches and intelligence was found, that is, that the GA capitalises on and CA compensates for intelligence. This interactional pattern could be interpreted as an example of genotype-environment interaction. The relationship between genetic factors and learning aptitudes is discussed. PMID:1342139
Brown, Deborah; Beavis, Catherine; Kalman, Judith; Gomez, Macrina; Rijlaarsdam, Gert; Stinson, Anne D'Antonio; Whiting, Melissa E.
Presents a selected bibliography of research in the teaching of English published between July and December of 2002. Addresses topics including bilingual/foreign language education, discourse processes, literacy, professional development, reading, technology and literacy, and writing. (SG)
Researchers in education have documented that teachers’ sense of efficacy has strong impacts on various aspects of teaching and learning. Yet, in the field of TESOL, inquiry into teachers’ sense of efficacy is extremely scarce. The present study, by adopting the notion of teachers’ sense of efficacy as the theoretical framework, has explored Iranian English Institute teachers’ confidence in teaching English. The study has also examined teachers’ attitudes toward the English language and teach...
The contributions to this volume explore several focal issues related to the global spread of English and their implications for English language teaching, providing both theoretical and empirical perspectives on recent research and implications in educational terms. The volume is divided into three thematic sections, namely ""Developments in ELF research and pedagogic implications"", ""Raising teachers' awareness of ELF"", and ""ELF and ELT practices"". The book provides up-to-date perspectives on the issues, implications and repercussions that findings in ELF research can have for ELT practi
La prochaine session se déroulera du 04 octobre 2004 au 11 février 2005 (interruption de 3 semaines à Noël). Ces cours s'adressent à toute personne travaillant au CERN ainsi qu'à leur conjoint. Pour vous inscrire et voir tout le détail des cours proposés, consultez nos pages Web : http://cern.ch/Training Vous pouvez aussi contacter M. Liptow, tél. 72957. General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 04 October 2004 to 11 February 2005 (3 weeks break at Christmas). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants ...
General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 28 February to 24 June 2005 (2/3 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow: tel. 72957. Oral Expression The next session will take place from March to June 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from March to June 2005. T...
General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place: from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Nathalie Dumeaux, tel. 78144. Oral Expression The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to enhance their speaking skills. There will be on average of 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 30 hours Price: 660 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is designed for people w...
General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place: from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Nathalie Dumeaux, tel. 78144. Oral Expression The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to enhance their speaking skills. There will be an average of 8 participants per class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays, etc., depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 30 hours Price: 660 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is designed for people ...
General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 28 February to 24 June 2005 (2/3 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow: tel. 72957. Oral Expression The next session will take place from March to June 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from March to June 2005. Th...
The present study concerns the reading and writing performance of Deaf learners in EFL(English as a Foreign Language). The learners’ mother tongue is LIS and their culture is the Italian Deaf Culture; however, when it comes to reading and writing, the same language (that is, written Italian) is shared by Deaf users of LIS, deaf lip-readers and hearing Italians. The paper is based on experimental EFL teaching/learning with adult students featuring the above linguistic/cultural traits. Its aim ...
Schneider, Elke; Evers, Tsila
In U.S. public schools, the population of nonnative speakers of English who are at risk for failing language requirements is growing. This article presents multisensory structured language (MSL) teaching strategies to remediate these students' difficulties in reading, writing, and speaking English. These strategies are underscored by recent…
Nwabudike Christopher Eziafa
Full Text Available This research work centres on Language Barrier and the Performance of Secondary School Students in English Language in Katsina Metropolis. The study identifies the causes of failure in English Language in secondary schools, the factors responsible for the inability of students to learn English language as a second language and the effect of mother tongue interference on the performance of students in English language in the study area. Data for this study were collected through the use of structured questionnaires. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools. On the basis of the findings, the study suggested that English language teachers in secondary schools endeavour to avoid the use of vernacular in the teaching of English language. Also, well equipped libraries and other necessary materials that would assist the students in learning English language should be provided in all the secondary schools by the government.Keywords: Language barrier, performance, mother tongue, interference, vernacular
Luis Guillermo Barrantes Montero
Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza el concepto de la paranoia constructiva que plantea el escritor y periodista Andrés Oppenheimer para incentivar el desarrollo de América Latina. A la luz de ese concepto, se cuestiona la eficacia actual de la enseñanza del idioma inglés, en particular, y lo que deberá hacerse para obtener resultados más satisfactorios. Se concluye con una propuesta de reestructuración en el enfoque, el currículo y la metodología en la enseñanza del idioma.This paper analyzes the concept of constructive paranoia stated by journalist and author Andrés Oppenheimer to promote development in Latin America. Based on that concept, this paper discusses the effectiveness of current English Language Teaching, particularly, as well as what should be done in order to obtain better results. As a conclusion, a re-structure of approach, curriculum and methodology in teaching the language is proposed.Recibido 21 de noviembre de 2011 • Corregido 25 de mayo de 2012 • Aceptado 28 de junio de 2012
If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an 'application for training' form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 04 October 2004 to 11 February 2005 (3 weeks break at Christmas). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants in...
If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an 'application for training' form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. Oral Expression The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Timetable: Tuesday 11.30 to 13.30 Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from Januar...
Elsa Tragant; Carmen Muñoz
After discussing the ties between language teaching and second language acquisition research, the present paper reviews the role that second language acquisition research has played on two recent pedagogical proposals. First, communicative language teaching, advocated in the early eighties, in which focus on the code was excluded, and then the more recent research-based proposals of integrating some degree of focus on form in meaning-based curricula. Following Ellis (1998), four macro-options...
Discusses the importance of teaching foreign languages through culture and culture through language study. Addresses how the textbooks used to study English by Russian students must focus more on the needs of Russian students. Summarizes the findings from a survey demonstrating that Russian students' knowledge of U.S. culture originates from…
To teach the skill of speaking is to teach the learners to produce English sounds correctly using vocabulary in grammatically correct sentences coherently and fluently. Learners are to use English confidentially. It is imperative for teachers to use methods and techniques to kindle interaction in the second language classroom. Speaking has a crucial place in second language learning and teaching. Task based language teaching will encourage students to communicate in English fluently and effec...
Brenda O, Fuentes; Francisco, Soto Mas; Erika, Mein; Holly E., Jacobson.
Full Text Available Para los inmigrantes hispanos de los Estados Unidos (EEUU) aprender inglés (L2) es considerado necesario para progresar y funcionar en la sociedad, y hay una gran demanda de clases de inglés como segunda lengua o English as a Second Language (ESL). A pesar del reconocido beneficio individual y socia [...] l de los programas de ESL, todavía se debe potenciar la investigación de estrategias educativas eficaces en los diferentes aspectos del aprendizaje del inglés como segunda lengua. Este artículo describe una estrategia pedagógica de base teórica incorporada en un currículo de ESL para hispanos inmigrantes adultos en la frontera entre EEUU y México. Igualmente el presente artículo describe la implementación y evaluación del currículo mediante métodos cuantitativos y cualitativos. Los resultados cuantitativos indican que los participantes mejoraron significativamente su nivel de L2. Además, los resultados cualitativos sugieren que los participantes recibieron satisfactoriamente tanto el contenido como la metodología pedagógica del currículo, y en general declararon haber tenido una experiencia positiva con la clase. Este trabajo podría servir de modelo para la enseñanza de una segunda lengua para adultos. Abstract in english Among Hispanic immigrants in the United States (US), learning English is considered necessary for economic and social achievement. As a consequence, there is a high demand for English as a Second Language (ESL) classes. Despite the recognized benefits of ESL programs, both at the individual and soci [...] al levels, more research is needed to identify education strategies that effectively promote all aspects of learning English as a second language. This article describes an ESL curriculum that incorporates a theory-based pedagogical approach specifically designed for immigrant Hispanic adults on the US-Mexico border region. The article also describes the implementation of the curriculum as well as the results of the evaluation, which was conducted using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitative results indicate that the participants significantly improved their English proficiency (L2). Qualitative results suggest that participants were positively impacted by both the content and pedagogical approaches used by the curriculum. Their experience with the ESL class was positive in general. It can be concluded that the curriculum achieved its objective. This approach could serve as a model for second language teaching for adults.
Full Text Available The purpose of learning a foreign language is to learn to communicate in the target language. For foreign language educators, to develop the learner’s intercultural communication competence is to know how to teach foreign culture. Culture teaching in foreign language education is a problem countered by language teachers throughout all universities and colleges in the world. Language is one of the most important carriers of culture and reflects the latter. Without language, culture would not be possible. The basic goal of learning a foreign language is to acquire the communicative competence, while the development and improvement of such competence is to some extent dependent of efficient and scientific teaching approach. Byram has defined the notion of cultural studies in foreign language education and put forward a model for teaching foreign language and culture. Shen Chen has put forward a proposal for developing Chinese foreign language learning learners culture creativity as an attempt to search for away through the difficulties. His cultural creativity refers to a kind of ability that only can be gotten by knowledge acquiring in foreign culture, existed in language and more than language itself, in the process of using such knowledge inter-cultural communication with others and creating new way of thinking for a new way of action. The students can get a further understanding of the target culture which will without doubt promote their understanding and command of competent communication in the target language.
The main task of practice teaching of English Reading is to train students’ independent reading ability and good reading habits. Extra-curricular reading of English literature and English newspapers and magazines plays an active role in improving English reading ability. The principle of selecting reading materials, the scope of selection and the organization of teaching are essential to effective practice teaching. The practice teaching of English Reading can not only cultivate among the stu...
Full Text Available It is a widely accepted belief among college English teachers who have tried Multimedia college teaching that college English teaching under the circumstance of Multimedia makes the English classroom a fascinating place. However, the defects of Multimedia college English teaching are born with its advantages over traditional college English teaching. The present writer intends to make an analysis of its defects and provide feasible countermeasures.
It is a widely accepted belief among college English teachers who have tried Multimedia college teaching that college English teaching under the circumstance of Multimedia makes the English classroom a fascinating place. However, the defects of Multimedia college English teaching are born with its advantages over traditional college English teaching. The present writer intends to make an analysis of its defects and provide feasible countermeasures.
Effects of traditional teaching vs a multisensory instructional package on the science achievement and attitudes of English language learners middle-school students and English-speaking middle-school students
This research was designed to determine the relative effectiveness of a Multi-sensory Instructional Package (MIP) (Dunn & Dunn, 1992) versus Traditional Teaching (TT) on the science achievement- and attitude-test scores of middle-school English Language Learner (ELL) and English-speaking sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade middle-school students. The dependent variables were students' science- and attitude-test scores. The independent variables were the two instructional strategies, ELL and English-speaking (Non-ELL) status, and three grade levels. The sample consisted of 282 sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade ELL and Non-ELL middle-school students. Learning Styles: The Clue to You! (LS: CY) (Burke & Dunn, 1998) was administered to determine learning-style preferences. The control groups were taught sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade science lessons traditionally and the experimental groups were instructed on the same units using MIPs. The Semantic Differential Scale (SDS) (Pizzo, 1981) was administered to reveal attitudinal differences. All three groups experienced both traditional and multi-sensory instruction in all three sub-units. The data subjected to statistical analyses supported the use of an MIP rather than a traditional approach for teaching science content to both ELLs and English-speaking middle-school students. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed a positive and significant impact on achievement scores. Furthermore, the students indicated significantly more positive attitudes when instructed with an MIP approach.
In this study I examined the dimensionality of the latent ability underlying language use that is needed to fulfill the demands young learners face in English-medium instructional environments, where English is used as the means of instruction for teaching subject matters. Previous research on English language use by school-age children provided…
The modern view suggests language be approached through speech. It is therefore customary that the first stages of language learning are spent on oral drills in order to make the sound system and the basic structures automatic habits. In countries where classes are big and the time spent on foreign language learning is limited, spending too long a…
Full Text Available The process of globalization that accelerated during the last decade of the twentieth century is generally associated with easier and increased cross-border capital flows, trade, and integration of world markets. There had been another globalizing influence quietly taking hold and spreading through the twentieth century which has been continuing to do so in the twenty-first too that is the English language. English emerged as the lingua franca of the world in the twentieth century, and promises to grow in that stature in the twenty-first. Its presence is overwhelming: in education, business, research, science and technology, entertainment, the Internet, and almost every other sphere of human engagement. According to estimates, it is spoken by some two billion people at various levels of fluency around the world, including 380 million native speakers (people in the US, UK, Canada, Ireland, and Australia, and those who learn it as a second or foreign language. Even though, in numbers, this is just about a third of the world's population, the geographical and domain spread of English is greater than that of any other language. In a sense, English is being globalized as well as acting as a globalizer (Betty Kirkpatrick : 2005.This paper cites how English Language is becoming a source of competitive advantage in the new age knowledge economy, keeping in view the imperial pursuits and spread of culture as well as an employability
Whitelaw, Michael W.
Describes a method to teach COBOL which is based on the assumption that trying to teach the idiom of a computer language is similar to trying to teach the idiom of French. Suggests that the basic introduction to programming should be in the Modern Languages department of a school. (SED)
Letícia Maria Martins, Araújo; Mariza Ribeiro, Feniman; Fernanda Ribeiro Pinto de, Carvalho; Simone Aparecida, Lopes-Herrera.
Full Text Available TEMA: inter-relação da fonética, fonologia e processamento auditivo no ensino da Língua Inglesa. OBJETIVOS: verificar se o contato prévio com o sistema fonético da Língua Inglesa favorece o aprendizado geral desta língua em falantes do Português como segunda língua (L2), e verificar o desempenho dos [...] participantes em um teste do processamento auditivo anterior e posterior ao ensino da L2. MÉTODO: participaram oito estudantes universitários que estudaram a Língua Inglesa somente no ensino médio, divididos em dois grupos: grupo controle - submetido apenas ao curso de Inglês - e grupo experimental - submetido à aulas de fonética da língua inglesa anteriores ao curso de Inglês. Os participantes foram submetidos ao teste de processamento auditivo e a um teste oral em inglês (Oral Test) antes e após as aulas. Foram analisados os dados dos testes anteriores e posteriores às aulas. RESULTADOS: estes foram expressos estatisticamente por meio do teste t student e mostraram que não houve diferença nos testes entre os grupos. Os escores indicaram melhor atuação do grupo controle ao responder as perguntas em Inglês no Oral Test. Houve melhor execução do grupo experimental no processamento auditivo após ser submetido às aulas de fonética e ao curso de Inglês. CONCLUSÃO: o conhecimento prévio básico da língua inglesa não favoreceu o aprendizado geral (melhora na pronúncia) da segunda língua do grupo como um todo, mas melhorou a capacidade de processamento temporal no teste realizado. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: interrelation of phonetics, phonology and auditory processing in English Language Teaching. AIM: to determine whether prior contact with English phonetics favors general learning of this language (L2), i.e. second language, in Portuguese speakers; to verify performance of these individua [...] ls in an auditory processing test prior to and after being taught L2. METHOD: participants of the study were eight college students who had only studied English in high school. These participants were divided into two groups: control group - were only enrolled in English classes; experimental group - were enrolled in English phonetic classes prior to their enrollment in English classes. Participants were submitted to an auditory processing test and to an oral test in English (Oral Test) prior to and after the classes. Data were analyzed in the same way, i.e. prior to and after the classes. RESULTS: these were expressed statistically by T-Student's test. Analyses indicated no difference in performance between groups. Scores indicated better performance of the control group for answering questions in English in the Oral Test. The experimental group had better performance in the auditory processing test after being enrolled to English phonetic classes and English course. CONCLUSION: prior basic knowledge of English did not enhance general learning (improvement in pronunciation) of the second language, however, it improved the ability of temporal processing in the used test.
Kachru, Braj .B
This paper outlines the dimensions of Asia's English, which constitutes a world of its own in linguistic, cultural, interactional, ideological, and political terms. The questions this paper raises are: What conditions must a transplanted colonial language satisfy to be accepted as part of the colonized's linguistic repertoire? Why not consider Asian Englishes as part of a local pluralistic linguistic heritage? Answers to these questions demand redefining the concept of «nativeness» and types ...
Full Text Available In the article the general overview of the popularity of EFL for university and college students in Lithuania is discussed paying attention to the peculiarities of teaching and learning English for Specific Purposes (ESP at Klaipeda State College and also the strategies of enhancing the communicative competence or ability to communicate both spoken or written language and developing four language skills. The article deals with EFL status in the present labour market in Lithuania as well as the problems the English language teachers and students face and gives the reasons for the need of applying task-based language teaching (TBLT approach used in teaching ESP for students of higher educational institutions.
Escobar Alméciga Wilder Yesid
Full Text Available This article addresses a critical problem about asymmetrical power relationships and uneven conditions in English language education exerted via identity shaping discourses in the document Educación: Visión 2019 issued by the Colombian Ministry of National Education. The study follows the critical discourse analysis method. It characterizes discursive strategies which, in turn, unveil power structures, means of control, and subject positioning of submission and dominance inherent in three main categories: Being bilingual, being successful, and being Colombian. It concludes that discourses are being strategically employed by the Colombian Ministry of National Education to change or preserveideologies and to widen gaps between socio-economic groups to protect the interests of only a small segment of the population.Este reporte postula una problemática de relaciones desequilibradas de dominio, poder, control y de la desproporcionada distribución de recursos en la enseñanza del inglés en Colombia, lo cual es perpetrado por discursos que moldean la identidad, en el documento Educación: Visión 2019 publicado por el Ministerio de Educación Nacional de Colombia. El estudio sigue los principios del análisis crítico del discurso. Esta investigación caracteriza estrategias discursivas que a su vez develan estructuras de poder, medios de control, y posicionamiento de sumisión y dominio en tres categorías: ser bilingüe, ser exitoso y ser colombiano. El estudio sugiere que el Ministerio de Educación Nacional está empleando discursos para manipular ideologías y generar inequidad entre grupos sociales en tanto que protege los intereses de un segmento de la población exclusivamente.
Chen, Suchiao; Tsai, Yachin
This article analyzes research in second/foreign language teaching and learning conducted in Taiwan over the period 2004-2009. Representative articles published in local refereed journals and conference proceedings--not readily accessible outside Taiwan--are reviewed to reflect current trends in English teaching and learning. The main themes…
Pham Thi Viet An; Luu Trong Tuan
Songs become the most valuable educational tool that aids the language acquisition as well as the whole learner’s physical and mental development. In this paper, attention is given to rhythm of English under the subtopics: definitions of rhythm and its related theory to metrical phonology. Rhythm teaching is dealt with perspective...
Many college English teachers lay emphasis on language meaning instead of language forms in order to satisfy the need of new college English curricular, change the present situation of “dumb-and-deaf English” and improve the students’ communicative competence. This approach upgrades the fluency but slows down accuracy, which results in inter-language fossilization. Focus on form in college English can improve both the fluency and accuracy of English language, which are crucial for the learner...
The use of puppets in teaching is no longer a mystery. More and more teachers accept and get to know its magnitude and impact on children s motivation. Through puppets, children subconsciously learn and acquire new words and sentence structures. By animating puppets and playing puppet shows pupils overcome obstacles in speaking a foreign language. That is why it is so welcomed in the classroom to teach English as a foreign language. In this thesis I have discussed the impact of puppets on ...
Ogunduyile Abimbola. O
The advent of ICT comes with its attendant students’ accessibility to information. Teaching these digital age 21st century learners requires adaptive and technological induced methods by educators. The Global Satellite Mobile (GSM) provides learners greater accessibility to the internet which makes it easier for them to learn under certain controlled situations. This paper, therefore, investigated the possibilities of using mobile technology in the teaching and learning of the Eng...
Kátia Cristina do Amaral, Tavares; Ana Paula Pires de, Oliveira.
Full Text Available Este estudo investiga a perspectiva de professores, intérpretes e alunos sobre o ensino de inglês mediado pelo uso das novas tecnologias e da Língua Brasileira de Sinais (Libras) em uma escola pública inclusiva, a fim de identificar os desafios enfrentados por eles nesse contexto e apontar possíveis [...] formas de superá-los. Os dados foram gerados através de questionários, entrevistas, grupo focal, diário de pesquisa e gravação de aulas em vídeo. As aulas analisadas foram ministradas para uma turma de sétimo ano na sala de informática. Através da análise qualitativa dos dados, os desafios e as possibilidades observados foram agrupados em quatro núcleos de significado: (1) a mediação de três línguas: Libras, português e inglês; (2) a mediação do intérprete de Libras; (3) o professor e o uso de Libras; (4) a mediação da tecnologia. Abstract in english This exploratory study investigates teachers', interpreters' and students' views about the teaching of English with the mediation of new technologies and of Brazilian Sign Language (Libras) in an inclusive public school in order to identify the challenges faced by the participants in such a context [...] and point out possible ways of overcoming them. Data were generated through questionnaires, interviews, focus groups, research diaries, and video recordings of lessons. The analyzed lessons were taught to a seventh grade class in the school's computer room. Through qualitative data analysis, the challenges and possibilities observed were grouped in four meaning categories: (1) the mediation of three languages: Libras, Portuguese, and English; (2) the mediation of the Libras interpreter; (3) the teacher and the use of Libras; (4) the mediation of technology.
The English as a Foreign Language / Lingua Franca Debate: Sensitising Teachers of English as a Foreign Language Towards Teaching English as a Lingua Franca / El debate del inglés como lengua extranjera o como lengua franca: sensibilización de docentes de inglés como lengua extranjera hacia la enseñanza del inglés como lengua franca
Gillian, Mansfield; Franca, Poppi.
Full Text Available Debido a los procesos de globalización, la función del inglés como herramienta internacional o como lengua franca para la comunicación exige un replanteamiento de la enseñanza del inglés como idioma extranjero. En este artículo se presenta un estudio empírico llevado a cabo en un contexto universita [...] rio italiano que pretende mostrar cómo los docentes deberían desempeñar actividades para facilitar el reconocimiento de otras variedades del inglés que, al no ser utilizadas como modelos de evaluación y certificación lingüística, exigen en cambio una mayor atención en el escenario global. En la práctica, esto puede realizarse analizando un corpus específico de textos periodísticos en inglés chino y llevando a cabo actividades sencillas de concordancias. Abstract in english The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers [...] should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must nevertheless boast a relevant place in the global scenario. This can be achieved in practical terms by interrogating an expressly made corpus of Chinese English news texts and carrying out simple concordance activities.
Teng, Bunthan; Sinwongsuwat, Kemtong
This paper provides an overview of English language teaching and learning, specifically as it pertains to teaching English conversational skills in Thailand. The paper examines the shortcomings of the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) approach, the current dominant pedagogical approach in the nation, and explores how the integration of…
Language learning and teaching of endangered languages have many features and needs that are quite different from the teaching of world languages. Groups whose languages are endangered try to turn language loss around; many new language teaching and learning strategies are emerging, to suit the special needs and goals of language revitalization.…
D. Wagiman Adisutrisno
In the teaching of English as a foreign language in Indonesia, the teaching and testing of English grammar are indispensable. To test English grammar mastery, the multiple choice test must be used due to its merit of guaranteeing the fulfillment of the content validity of achievement tests. Unfortunately, the construction of many multiple choice test items has not been based on a very important consideration to aid learning processes. This paper discusses the need to use multiple choice test ...
Akdemir, Ahmet Selcuk; Barin, Muzaffer; Demiroz, Hakan
In this study it is aimed to debate whether newspaper articles can be used as speaking materials in foreign language courses as they include most actual and living language patterns by all means. A quasi-experimental study has been carried out at Vocational School of Tourism and Hotel Services of Erzincan University. Thirty-eight preparatory…
Teaching English through Stories: A Meaningful and Fun Way for Children to Learn the Language (La enseñanza del inglés a través de historias: una forma divertida y significativa para que los niños aprendan el idioma)
Porras González, Nohora Inés
This article presents the results of a study on utilizing stories for teaching English as a foreign language to children in first, second and third grades. It was carried out in a Colombian public elementary school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. The proposal was initiated by a group of student-teachers at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Seccional…
Full Text Available The present article is dedicated to one of the most important aspects of teaching nowadays- differentiated teaching and instruction for English language learners. Differentiation means directing teaching towards the interests and capacities of all pupils in a class. It is not a simple expedient for keeping pupils busy – although that may prove important – it is a consideration for overcoming any latent barriers to learning.
Intakhab Alam Khan
The importance of applied linguistics in general and English language teaching in particular is perceived by almost all pedagogues and educationists. Gone are days when a postgraduate or a graduate used to join teaching profession due the fact that he possessed good knowledge in English literature or even language. In the modern educational setting, the English teacher is supposed to know linguistics or applied English linguistics in order to prove himself as an effective English language tea...
There are two different ways to develop competence in a language: language acquisition and language learning. Language acquisition is a subconscious process not unlike the way a child learns language. Language acquirers are not consciously aware of the grammatical rules of the language, but
Full Text Available The title of this new journal provides opportunity to review the many contexts which need to be taken into account in reflecting upon foreign language teaching. These contexts include the educational, the fact that much language teaching takes place within general educational and often compulsory educational settings and institutions. Learners thus encounter foreign languages alongside other languages – their language of the home, the official language of the country, languages of minorities and others – and this needs to be part of the thinking about learning and teaching. Furthermore, since language is the tool for learning throughout life and especially in educational institutions, where the languages of other subjects are languages in themselves which learners have to learn if they are to be successful in education, teachers of all subjects need to be aware of language as the tool of learning. Yet another issue is the relationship of language teaching with citizenship education and the development of ‘intercultural citizenship’. The title of the journal also refers to ‘research’ and here too there is potential for reflection on the modes and paradigms of research which are relevant to investigating language teaching and learning. Distinctions of quantitative and qualitative research are misleading and need to be reviewed. The higher order distinctions are between research which seeks explanation, that which seeks understanding and that which involves advocacy.
Motivation is considered as a key feature in the success of language learning and has great effect on the efficiency and productivity of English language teaching. And a lot of considerable researches and investigations have been done on Chinese college students’ motivation to learn English. Most researches like to value instrumental aspects as the major type for college students’ learning English in Chinese context while integrative motivation is often neglected. In th...
Louie, Belinda; Sierschynski, Jarek
This article presents an approach to use wordless picture books to enhance the language development of English language learners. This approach is grounded in best practices to teach ELLs. The process starts with viewing and analyzing the visual images, engaging ELLs in discussion, and ending with students' self-authored texts. The wordless…
The present study reports on the evidence of first language (L1) attrition in a population that may appear to be the most resistant to L1 changes. Russian monolinguals (n=3) and Russian-English bilinguals (n=10) participated in the study. The bilinguals were graduate students teaching Russian as a foreign language at a U.S. university. The data…
The English as a Foreign Language / Lingua Franca Debate: Sensitising Teachers of English as a Foreign Language Towards Teaching English as a Lingua Franca El debate del inglés como lengua extranjera o como lengua franca: sensibilización de docentes de inglés como lengua extranjera hacia la enseñanza del inglés como lengua franca
Full Text Available The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must nevertheless boast a relevant place in the global scenario. This can be achieved in practical terms by interrogating an expressly made corpus of Chinese English news texts and carrying out simple concordance activities.Debido a los procesos de globalización, la función del inglés como herramienta internacional o como lengua franca para la comunicación exige un replanteamiento de la enseñanza del inglés como idioma extranjero. En este artículo se presenta un estudio empírico llevado a cabo en un contexto universitario italiano que pretende mostrar cómo los docentes deberían desempeñar actividades para facilitar el reconocimiento de otras variedades del inglés que, al no ser utilizadas como modelos de evaluación y certificación lingüística, exigen en cambio una mayor atención en el escenario global. En la práctica, esto puede realizarse analizando un corpus específico de textos periodísticos en inglés chino y llevando a cabo actividades sencillas de concordancias.
Hailiang Ning; Xue Dai; Fachun Zhang
Interaction between language and gender has always been one of the over-heated subjects in sociolinguistics. Based on findings from related areas, this thesis aims to give a comprehensive account of gender difference in English language and the possible causes, in order to offer an indication for the establishment of harmonious interpersonal relationships as well as different focus when teaching students of different genders to improve learning and teaching efficiency at the same time.
Full Text Available Interaction between language and gender has always been one of the over-heated subjects in sociolinguistics. Based on findings from related areas, this thesis aims to give a comprehensive account of gender difference in English language and the possible causes, in order to offer an indication for the establishment of harmonious interpersonal relationships as well as different focus when teaching students of different genders to improve learning and teaching efficiency at the same time.
Popular views about language and how children and youth learn language are based mainly in cognitive approaches in support of a common knowledge theory of language development. This common theory feeds into the efforts to increase teacher and learner accountability as measured on narrow assessments of what it means to use language well and in…
Spann, Sylvia, Ed.; Culp, Mary Beth, Ed.
The seven units in this second supplement to "Thematic Units" focus on communication skills, offering English teachers contemporary plans for teaching writing, listening, persuasion, and reasoning. The units were selected for their humanistic approaches to student language learning, combining English instruction with topics in the humanities. Each…
Seyyed Mohammad Ali Soozandehfar; Elmira Noroozisiam
Critical pedagogy is an issue which deserves a lot of attention from language teachers. This paper presents a qualitative study which investigates the attitudes and perceptions of language teachers towards teaching English through applying features of critical pedagogy. The study has been conducted in a small scale with about 10 language teachers from 3 popular institutes in Ardebil, Iran. The research was done through observation and semi-structured interview. We came up with positive attitu...
In recent years, L2 researchers from the sociocultural and cognitive linguistic perspectives have emphasized the importance of properly organized explicit and in-depth grammar instruction for second or foreign language learning. Such instruction is believed to lead learners to systematic understanding of the target features faster and more…
Full Text Available During the process of globalization, English plays an indispensable role in the communication of people. As for Chinese college students, how to improve their spoken English proficiency is a troublesome problem. This paper analyzes several reasons why students’ speaking competence is hard to improve and reviews various spoken English teaching methods in the development of foreign language teaching process and proposes that teaching spoken English in classroom under cultural context is an effective method to promote spoken English proficiency of non-English majors. Foster cultural awareness is the essential part. Some practical classroom teaching procedures are presented, together with some puzzles. Without doubt, intercultural exchanges become more and more frequent. Comprehension of the culturally-loaded words plays an important role in avoiding communicative failures and improving intercultural communication.
Full Text Available An analysis has been made on the existing problems in the traditional process of foreign language teaching in China; and with the help of the theory of cognitive apprenticeship, a further study has been conducted on the effective learning mode in the process of college English listening teaching. An empirical study on the graded English teaching, conducted in the university where the author works, has been made to indicate that the use of multi-media and network technology in the English listening teaching can, to a large extent, improve the language learning environment, develop the student language competence and boost college English teaching in China.
Jiang Shen; Honggui Wang
According to English level of Chinese ocean sailors at present, we analyze the characteristics and instruction needs of navigation English and point out current English teaching in maritime specialty has many problems. Traditional teaching modes are not suitable for modern maritime needs any longer. So we propose feasible methods and countermeasures on how to improve English teaching in maritime specialty of Chinese colleges. Hopefully advanced sailors with high quality and adapting modern na...
Chur-Hansen, A; Barrett, R J
Lack of fluency in the language of instruction can form a barrier to medical education. There has been an effort within Australian universities to teach English to students from non-English speaking backgrounds (NESB), but little systematic attention has been given to the teaching of informal or colloquial English. This paper provides evidence that colloquial language is a pervasive and important aspect of doctor-patient communication. It describes a teaching project for NESB medical students which aimed to introduce them to colloquial English, and to provide them with a contextual approach to learning this form of language. Forty-four first year medical students enrolled at the University of Adelaide were required to gather examples of colloquial language by interviewing a native English speaker. Ninety-four examples of colloquial sayings were recorded. These were compiled in the form of a handbook which served as a student resource. Student evaluation of this exercise was positive. The benefits of an interactive method of teaching local and setting-specific language are discussed, and the implications of this approach for clinical teaching and for medical practice are explored. PMID:9217902
Rezaei, Saeed; Khatib, Mohammad; Baleghizadeh, Sasan
The present study is a nationwide survey of language identity among English language learners in Iran. The participants who completed the survey in this research included 1851 English language learners from different parts of the country who belonged to different genders, age groups and English language proficiency levels. The main instrument was…
Lim, Chap Sam; Presmeg, Norma
This paper discusses a teaching dilemma faced by mathematics teachers in the Malaysian Chinese primary schools in coping with the latest changes in language policy. In 2003, Malaysia launched a new language policy of teaching mathematics using English as the language of instruction in all schools. However, due to the complex sociocultural demands…
British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.
This review of the status of English language instruction in Sabah, Malaysia, provides an overview of the role of English in the society in general and outlines the status of English use and instruction in both the Chinese and government educational systems at all levels. Topics covered are: the characteristics and training of English language…
The purpose of the current study is to explore the effects of pre-service teachers’ language learning beliefs on their practice teaching. Two randomly chosen pre-service teachers were recruited in the study (one male, one female). This research mainly adopted a qualitative approach using a structured interview, philosophy statements, field-notes during observations and the reflective journals of the participants. To explore their language learning beliefs and to determine the categories parti...
So, Youngsoon; Zapata-Rivera, Diego; Cho, Yeonsuk; Luce, Christine; Battistini, Laura
We explored the use of technology-assisted, trialogue-based tasks to measure the English language proficiency of students learning English as a second or foreign language. A presumed benefit of the system for language assessment is its suitability for use in scenario-based tasks that integrate multiple language skills. This integration allows test…
English language education officially started in Japanese elementary schools in 2009. Homeroom teachers, whether experienced or not, are responsible for teaching the subject to students. Additionally, teachers are often required to team-teach with a native English speaker. It is plausible that Japanese teachers are anxious about teaching English.…
At present, there is a big gap between Chinese English learners’ language talent and globalization requirements for it. In the twenty-first century, English teaching in China must be geared to the needs of the society, the world, the modernizations, and the future. Therefore, it is most urgent for China’s university English teaching to turn passive learning into active learning, prescriptive learning into autonomous learning, and closed study into open study.
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false English language. 221.4 Section 221.4... REGULATIONS TARIFFS General § 221.4 English language. All tariffs and other documents and material filed with the Department pursuant to this part shall be in the English language....
Orner Young, Wendy L.
A changing classroom population and lack of English as a Second Language or bilingual instruction at the preschool level has required Head Start teachers to teach English language and literacy skills to English Language Learners (ELLs). The purpose of this dissertation was to develop and validate a new scale to measure preschool teachers'…
Zoreda, Margaret Lee
This paper, written in Spanish, focuses on the instruction of English as a Second Language in the context of cultural understanding, rather than from a purely linguistic point of view. It argues that foreign language instruction should include lessons in the field of sociology, anthropology, history, geography, politics, the arts, and popular…
Simion Otilia Minodora
Full Text Available Tourism is a service - sector which has proved to be constant in times of economic crisis and will continue to grow at a rapid pace in the 21st century and thus communication in foreign languages is vital for this field. However, English, the lingua franca of our century, remains a difficult language to master and , with the emphasis on science and professional subjects, language studies are often neglected in universities The present paper examines a few steps in the development of Business English and some new approaches to teaching Business English to tourism students considering the fact that recently, due to the changes going on in the labour market, there has been a shift in the students’ needs and a subsequent shift in the pedagogy of teaching Business English students in tourism By and large Business English is also a very difficult task, because it has to face both the challenges of teaching a foreign language and those of having that very foreign language become another language in itself through its specialized vocabulary with a double communication task. This must be added to the ever new communication skills required of our graduates in the labour market.
The material in this book reviews work dating back to the vocabulary control movement in the 1930s and also refers to more recent work on the role of lexis in language learning. Two chapters describe the main foundations of lexical semantics and relevant research and pedagogical studies in vocabulary and lexicography; and a further chapter discusses recent advances in the field of lexis and discourse analysis. There is also a series of specially commissioned articles which investigate the structure and functions of the modern English lexicon in relation to its exploitation for classroom vocabu
Some applied linguists have provided a definition of English as an international language (EIL) in order to distinguish it from other concepts such as English as a foreign language (EFL) or English as a second language (ESL). Whereas EFL and ESL have usually been related to non-native speakers of English communicating with native speakers of English, English as an international language can be defined as “that English in all its linguistic and sociolinguistic aspects which is used as a vehicl...
Sim Monica Ariana
Full Text Available The Central and Eastern European countries find themselves at present, following a period of transition in all domains, education included. One of the greatest challenges is providing sufficient foreign language education so as to meet the growing demand especially after along period of time when foreign languages were seriously and damagingly neglected. This paper is an attempt to briefly present the way English language is taught in several Central and Eastern European Countries as well as to underline the importance of this educational process and maybe to offer some applicable solutions to teaching English in Romania
Lamb, Martin; Wedell, Martin
Inspiring teaching is the kind of pedagogy that motivates pupils to study autonomously, in their own time, of their own volition beyond the classroom, and may be particularly important for long-term endeavours such as learning a second language. This study aimed to find out the prevalence and nature of inspiring English language teaching in the…
Bello, Rachael O.; Oni-Buraimoh, Olawunmi O.
Applied linguistics affords Linguists the opportunity of solving language related problems using various methods. In this paper, we x-ray the Nigerian University classroom situation in the teaching of the English language viz-a-viz the use of functional interactive method. Following Littlewood (1981) and Krashen (1982), we posit that the teaching…
Shrestha, Prithvi Narayan
English language teaching (ELT) has been investigated from various angles including how English language teachers perceive what happens in an ELT classroom. How primary school English language learners perceive their experiences of ELT is rarely reported in the published literature, particularly from developing countries such as Bangladesh. This…
Murray, Denise E
Designed for pre-service teachers and teachers new to the field of ELT, "What English Language Teachers Need to Know I and II" are companion volumes organized around the key question: What do teachers need to know and be able to do in order for their students to learn English? Volume I covers the characteristics of the context in which teachers work, how English works and how it is learned, and the teacher's role in the larger professional sphere of English language education. Volume II covers the three main facets of teaching: planning, instructing, and assessing. The focus througho
Vocabulary is one of the most indispensable components in a language. The most important way teachers use to teach new vocabularies is vocabulary presentation mode, and how the new vocabularies are presented in English teaching and learning will have a great influence on the students’ EFL vocabulary retention. This paper mainly elaborates the researches on some effective vocabulary presentation modes abroad and at home in order to help college students master vocabulary presentation mod...
This study aims to discuss students’ and teachers’ awareness of various aspects of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) and in light of the results, consider the pedagogical implications. Participants consist of nine non-native English teachers and 286 students in Taiwan’s universities. Data was collected through an attitude scale and interviews with the participants. Analytical results revealed that most of the students preferred the communicative-learning teaching approac...
Full Text Available Learning a foreign culture means getting in touch with a new culture. Intercultural education is gaining more and more attention in college English teaching. Cultural teaching in cross-cultural background involves more than the introduction of a target culture, but rather the emphasis of both the source culture and target culture. To fulfill the responsibility of spreading excellent Chinese culture to the world, both the foreign language learners and teachers should develop more versatile cross-cultural perspectives.
Rivera, Mabel O.; Moughamian, Ani C.; Lesaux, Nonie K.; Francis, David J.
This publication explores issues and makes recommendations related to meeting the needs of English learners with limited language proficiency or learning disabilities, or both. The authors begin by noting the current federal policy context in which this discussion of reading instruction and interventions for English language learners (ELLs)…
Rojas, Raul; Iglesias, Aquiles
Although the research literature regarding language growth trajectories is burgeoning, the shape and direction of English Language Learners' (ELLs) language growth trajectories are largely not known. This study used growth curve modeling to determine the shape of ELLs' language growth trajectories across 12,248 oral narrative language samples…
Developing effectiveness in learning is the goal of teaching. In order to achieve this goal and to bridge the gap between teaching and learning in the EFL classroom, SLA researchers in the past decades have become increasingly interested in pedagogical conceptions, such as Learner-centredness, Communicative Language Teaching, and Task-Based Language Learning (TBL). In particular, research into TBL pedagogy has had an important influence on the field of English language teaching in recent ye...
In foreign language education, the teaching of culture remains a hotly debated issue. What is culture? What is its relation to language? Which and whose culture should be taught? What role should the learners’ culture play in the acquisition of knowledge of the target culture? How can we avoid essentializing cultures and teaching stereotypes? And how can we develop in the learners an intercultural competence that would shortchange neither their own culture nor the target cultur...
Research is clear that English language learners (ELLs) perform better academically and achieve greater language proficiency when they have high-quality English language instruction.1 Like all supplemental services, these necessary supports require additional funding above the average per-student amount. The federal government provides grant…
Wenzhong Zhu; Xuyang Liu
Business English in China has evolved into a degree programme from an ESP teaching programme in the past decades. The degree programme of Business English major intends to cultivate multi-skilled talents of foreign language to better satisfy the real needs of society and economy through curriculum design and teaching method innovation activities. This paper only focuses on reflecting into the mixed proportion of business knowledge courses and English language courses in the curriculum design ...
Currently English is the common language in the world. This is not only because that English is simple and easy to learn, but also because that the strong economies of UK and US has made English a worldwide language. So a person must understand the language and culture of a foreign country at the economic stage in order to avoid language conflicts, conclude agreements, and promote economic development of both parties. However, college English teaching in China gives excessive attention to gra...
Mohd Faisal b. Hanapiah
English language is the main international language. It is also said that English is the language of progress and development. In this age of Internet and globalization, the use of English has increased tremendously. In Malaysia, English has an impact in certain major developmental areas. This paper investigates, analyzes and further explains the interrelationships between English and the process of development in the country. Discussion includes specific parts of interest: the historical bac...
Teaching English through Stories: A Meaningful and Fun Way for Children to Learn the Language La enseñanza del inglés a través de historias: una forma divertida y significativa para que los niños aprendan el idioma
Nohora Inés Porras González
This article presents the results of a study on utilizing stories for teaching English as a foreign language to children in first, second and third grades. It was carried out in a Colombian public elementary school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. The proposal was initiated by a group of student-teachers at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Seccional Bucaramanga. During the research process the student-teachers were required to plan the course syllabus, create their own stories according to the c...
Under the great environment of E-times, construction of the new type of college English teaching environment can change the traditional mode centered with classroom teaching and helps to establish a language teaching mode with combination of classroom training and extracurricular independent learning that corresponds with the cognitive rule of students. Based on case of the reform in College English teaching in Linyi University, the author proposed several conceptualizations for building the ...
Murphy, Audrey F.
Educators need to document progress for English language learners, and the best structures to put into place in order to record their growth. Beginning with the stages of language proficiency, student progress can be tracked through the use of a baseline in all four language strands and the creation of rubrics to monitor performance. Language…
A Cognitive Grammar (CG) analysis of linguistic constructions has been claimed to be beneficial to second language teaching. However, little empirical research has been done to support this claim. In this study, two intact classes of Chinese senior high school students were given a 45-minute review lesson on the usages of the English simple…
The paper tries to show the positive effects of cooperative language learning on foreign langue learning and teaching. Compared with traditional language teaching, cooperative language learning conforms to the developmental trend of language teaching method and possesses considerable advantages. In the foreign language learning classrooms, cooperative language learning provides students with the necessary academic and social skills. The paper reveals cooperative learning benefits language lea...
Full Text Available After discussing the ties between language teaching and second language acquisition research, the present paper reviews the role that second language acquisition research has played on two recent pedagogical proposals. First, communicative language teaching, advocated in the early eighties, in which focus on the code was excluded, and then the more recent research-based proposals of integrating some degree of focus on form in meaning-based curricula. Following Ellis (1998, four macro-options of focus-on-form interventions and their theoretical motivations are presented, followed by recent research evidence: input processing, input enhancement, formfocused output and negative feedback. The last section of the paper deals with two related pedagogical issues: the choice of linguistic forms in focused instruction and its benefits depending on individual factors and the learning context.
Considers different approaches to teaching culture within foreign language (FL) classes in Great Britain with the object of making a realistic suggestion on how to integrate language and culture. Particular focus is on FL students at the lower and intermediate levels, where cultural input is often omitted. (six references) (CK)
Wan, Juida; Tan, Bee Hoon
The digital explosion of information on the Internet has resulted in a need for a new and up-to-date way for Digital Natives to learn English. Educators have reported numerous benefits of using weblogs in English language learning. This article presents a small scale study on the use of weblogs for English language learning at tertiary level in…
...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false English language. 221.4 Section 221.4...REGULATIONS TARIFFS General § 221.4 English language. All tariffs and other...Department pursuant to this part shall be in the English...
Norma, Nel; Heléne, Müller.
Full Text Available The importance of the role of language in teacher education programmes and in children's learning is crucial. This study focuses on the use of English as the language of learning and teaching and its impact on the language development of English second language (ESL) student teachers and ESL learner [...] s. Against the background of major theories in second language (L2) acquisition and learning, this topic is contextualized within the South African education system. An empirical inquiry was carried out in which portfolios (evidence of practical teaching including lesson plans and learners' work) submitted by final year student teachers enrolled at a large distance teaching university for the Advanced Certificate in Education: Inclusive Education were scrutinised. A comparison of teacher and learner written errors was made. Based on the findings, a questionnaire was designed to determine the extent of the impact of teachers' limited English proficiency on learners' English proficiency. The findings of the questionnaire responses are presented. Recommendations are made on how student teachers can improve their teaching practice to ensure quality ESL teacher input and ESL learner performance.
Full Text Available Multi sensory teaching techniques stimulate learning by engaging students on multiple levels and help them to learn a new language through using a variety of senses.Those techniques are hardly ever used in Slovenian school system and the below article focuses on presenting the latest findings in regards to benefits that sensory perception can have in learning processes. The article also outlines useful tools and various sensory and perception classroom activities used in teaching French as a second language.Key words: multisensory leaching, VAKOG, adapting teaching methods to a specific learning type of students
Full Text Available Poetry like other literary genres exists to be enjoyed and appreciated. The difficult task facing any instructor is to develop this sense of appreciation and enjoyment in students who are not interested in poetry. For a long time, literature in general and poetry in particular, was purged from the teaching programmes on the ground that it made no contribution to learning a foreign language for practical purposes. Fortunately, in the past few decades there has been a renewed interest in using literature in the language classroom. Despite the renewed interest in teaching literary texts in the classroom, little has been written about teaching poetry to college-level students in Iran. Many English instructors along with many university students do not enjoy English poetry. Even a majority of them express a negative attitude towards poetry. No one can deny that poetry is difficult not only for EFL students, but also for native speakers. My long experience in teaching poetry to Iranian college students has forced me to come to the conclusion that the students’ negative attitude towards poetry can be ascribed, among many other facts, to (a inappropriate selection of the texts and (b ineffective teaching methodology. This study suggests a new approach to teaching English poetry in EFL situations. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative effectiveness of this approach in improving the students’ attitude towards English poetry at college level at Allameh-Tabataba’i University in Tehran-Iran.
In recent years, increasing use of the Internet has changed English teaching methods. In this study, we constitute and propagate one new English teaching mode in colleges. It is three-dimensional which comprises online class, regular class and extracurricular activities. Its three prominent feathers include highlighting the students? important position; highlighting English comprehensive application and autonomous learning ability and extending computer network autonomous learning. Furtherm...
Luu Trong Tuan
Minimal pairs bear great benefits in pronunciation teaching and learning which have long been of fruitful use. However, the full use of these pairs has not yet been made in the setting of Hung Vuong University. This paper sought to examine possible problems facing English non-majored students at Hung Vuong University in recognizing and producing English discrete sounds as well as in what way and to what extent do minimal pairs facilitate the teaching and learning of English discrete sounds. T...
This paper discusses the effective use of English newspapers for TEFL instruction. Teaching English through newspapers has begun to attract the attention of school teachers recently. Newspaper is one of the most familiar sources of information. It provides us with topical, interesting and useful information. In this paper I would like to introduce my two-staged approach to teaching English through newspapers. The first stage is how the students learned to read newspaper articles. The second i...
Ramirez, Pablo C.; Jimenez-Silva, Margarita
In high school English classrooms where English language learners may be at risk of academic failure, Culturally Responsive Teaching can help educators build an inclusive community in which all students can improve their literacy skills.
Muhammad Yousuf Sharjeel and Wasim Qazi
This paper highlights the causes of incompetence amongst the higher education English language teachers in Pakistan to assess the skill-based language competency of non-native English language students. It elaborates the needs for training the faculty members teaching English courses to learn how they can enhance the real potential of their English language students with focus on listening comprehension, speaking, reading comprehension, writing and grammatical structures rather than only a w...
Full Text Available This paper consists of five parts. Initially, the concept of Pragmatics is presented. Afterwards, a bibliographic review on Politeness Theory is done (Brown & Levinson, 1987. Following that, the National Curricular Parameters (PCN are analyzed as well as what they suggest to the teaching of a foreign language in Brazilian High Schools, regarding the competences to be developed by the students on this level, as well as the inclusion of the teaching of Foreign Language in a wider area of knowledge, named Language, codes and their technologies. The criteria that the Guide of the National Textbook Program (PNLD uses to indicate the collections that may be adopted by the public schools in the country are verified as well. Based on the PCN and the PNLD Guide, an analysis of two textbooks is carried out. These textbooks are on the list that was approved by the Ministry of Education to be distributed to the schools. The analysis aims at verifying whether there is coherence between the PCN and the textbooks. We have come to the conclusion that, even though the textbooks have a great variety of activities which comprehend the abilities of speaking, writing, listening and reading, they still treat grammar as an element apart, without contextualization nor application to real life interaction. Finally, some suggestions are made about how to include Pragmatics, specifically, Politeness Theory in foreign language classes in High School, starting from what the textbooks themselves offer the students.
Teaching English to Young Learners has become a trend nowadays. In every school, English is taught as one of the main subjects. In teaching young learners is not like teaching adults, children have their own way of learning. Since children like to play and have fun, the learning and teaching process should be suited with the nature of the children themselves. One of the forms of fun activities for children is through music, and songs are the common form of music that children know. Through th...
Full Text Available Like other branches of linguistics language teaching has, until recently, been concerned with grammatical rather than communicative competence. Wilkins observes that although there have been major changes in the methodology of language teaching over the years the underlying principle has remained the same: "it has been assumed that units of learning should be defined in grammatical terms, although the precise sequence in which they occurred would be influenced by pedagogic considerations," (1972b. Further he suggests that even those courses which encourage dialogue and improvised drama are structured grammatically and the "situations that are created are pedagogic, bearing little resemblance to natural language use." Like other branches of linguistics language teaching has, until recently, been concerned with grammatical rather than communicative competence. Wilkins observes that although there have been major changes in the methodology of language teaching over the years the underlying principle has remained the same: "it has been assumed that units of learning should be defined in grammatical terms, although the precise sequence in which they occurred would be influenced by pedagogic considerations," (1972b. Further he suggests that even those courses which encourage dialogue and improvised drama are structured grammatically and the "situations that are created are pedagogic, bearing little resemblance to natural language use."
Full Text Available Like other branches of linguistics language teaching has, until recently, been concerned with grammatical rather than communicative competence. Wilkins observes that although there have been major changes in the methodology of language teaching over the years the underlying principle has remained the same: 'it has been assumed that units of learning should be defined in grammatical terms, although the precise sequence in which they occurred would be influenced by pedagogic considerations,' (1972b. Further he suggests that even those courses which encourage dialogue and improvised drama are structured grammatically and the 'situations that are created are pedagogic, bearing little resemblance to natural language use'. Like other branches of linguistics language teaching has, until recently, been concerned with grammatical rather than communicative competence. Wilkins observes that although there have been major changes in the methodology of language teaching over the years the underlying principle has remained the same: 'it has been assumed that units of learning should be defined in grammatical terms, although the precise sequence in which they occurred would be influenced by pedagogic considerations,'(1972b. Further he suggests that even those courses which encourage dialogue and improvised drama are structured grammatically and the 'situations that are created are pedagogic, bearing little resemblance to natural language use'.
Both the objectives of the global approach and the fact that Turkey is facing European integration call for the implementation of concepts like "intercultural learning" and "intercultural understanding" in English language teaching. Although the cultural dimension of language is as important as its linguistic dimension, language education in…
Silva, Cecilia; Weinburgh, Molly; Smith, Kathy Horak
In this article, the authors explore ways in which they have worked together in understanding the complexities of academic language within the science classroom and discuss strategies they have used to teach academic language to young adolescent English Language Learners (ELLs) within inquiry-based science lessons. They discuss strategies they use…
The paper discusses World Englishes (WEs) in relation to English as an International Language (EIL) and Applied Linguistics. Taking into account Kachru's interesting but at the same time controversial debate about the status of English in its varieties, which are commonly called WEs and the opposing ideas presented by Quirk, it is aimed to present…
Solak, Ekrem; Bayar, Adem
The purpose of this study was to investigate the current challenges in English language learning and teaching in Turkey from high and low achievers' perspective. The study was qualitative in nature and the participants of the study were twenty-two students attending at various departments of a state university in Turkey. In this study, the…
Hall, Graham; Cook, Guy
Until recently, the assumption of the language-teaching literature has been that new languages are best taught and learned monolingually, without the use of the students' own language(s). In recent years, however, this monolingual assumption has been increasingly questioned, and a re-evaluation of teaching that relates the language being taught to…
Full Text Available To teach the skill of speaking is to teach the learners to produce English sounds correctly using vocabulary in grammatically correct sentences coherently and fluently. Learners are to use English confidentially. It is imperative for teachers to use methods and techniques to kindle interaction in the second language classroom. Speaking has a crucial place in second language learning and teaching. Task based language teaching will encourage students to communicate in English fluently and effectively. Teachers must provide maximum opportunity to students to speak the target language through a rich environment that contains collaborative work, authentic materials and tasks, and shared knowledge. This is an experimental study and the investigator has devised few spoken English strategies to enhance the spoken English of prospective teachers. The aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of using spoken English strategies effectively to enhance the spoken English of prospective teachers.
The internationalization of universities puts pressure on all educational programs to use English as the language of instruction. Therefore research on the internationalization of universities in EFL countries should obviously include a strong (though far from exclusive) focus on the impact of English. This paper is an example of this, focusing specifically on teacher discourse in an English-language context at a Danish university. It is part of the preparation for a project investigating the...
Seyyed Mohammad Ali Soozandehfar
Full Text Available Critical pedagogy is an issue which deserves a lot of attention from language teachers. This paper presents a qualitative study which investigates the attitudes and perceptions of language teachers towards teaching English through applying features of critical pedagogy. The study has been conducted in a small scale with about 10 language teachers from 3 popular institutes in Ardebil, Iran. The research was done through observation and semi-structured interview. We came up with positive attitudes but for some reasons most teachers tend not to apply the features of critical pedagogy.
Full Text Available Chinese International Education specialty in Chinese higher education is nowadays confronted with some tough missions, especially teaching mode establishment of the specialty English as a second language. Based on cross-cultural communicative theories and built-in functional requirements of English teaching, we will in this article explicate the cardinal causes and ways of improving of the competence of the students of this specialty to express Chinese culture with English. Over two years’ experimental teaching practice in International Cooperation and Exchange School, Qiqihar University of China, we are convinced, endorsed by our satisfactory feedback and teaching effects, that introducing traditional culture of China into English class is advisable, and the practice is also compulsory for the cultivation of bilingual interdisciplinary talents who will be committed to the development of the least prejudiced cultural exchanges and the transmission of Chinese culture with philanthropism and universal value. Therefore it is of great practical worth for foreign language teaching and global social significance of cultural spreading.
The study discusses World Englishes (WEs) in relation to English as an International Language (EIL) and Applied Linguistics. Taking into account Kachru's interesting but at the same time controversial debate about the status of English in its varieties, which is commonly called WEs and the opposing ideas presented by Quirk, it is aimed to present an overview of these discussions, providing some examples. Kachru's three concentric circles, the Interlanguage theory, Standard English and Englis...
Savignon, Sandra J.; Yano, Yusakata; Bhatia, Vijay K.; Savignon, Sandra J.
A forum article on teaching English as communication examines the focus on the learning, developing a communicative curriculum, sociolinguistic issues, and teacher education. Two comments are provided on the article, and the author responds to these comments. (Author/VWL)
It is well-established that vocabulary is the strongest predictor of reading comprehension from grades 2 or 3 on. In this article, I argue (a) that English vocabulary is acquired in a similar sequence by native-English speakers and English-language learners; and (b) that it is possible to identify words that both lower-vocabulary English-speakers…
Mora, Alberto; Trejo, Paulina; Roux, Ruth
This article analyzes the professional development of two English language teachers in a Mexican language center. In particular, it explores the interplay between professional development, identity and agency, and the part played by English language teaching certificates in all of these. Drawing on a case study methodology, which included the use…
As English spreads as an international language, it evolves through diverse users' writing and speaking. However, traditional views of ESL users focus on their distance from fairly static notions of English-language competence. This research uses a grounded theory approach to describe a range of competencies that emerge in ESL users' interactions…
Barr, Sheldon; Eslami, Zohreh R.; Joshi, R. Malatesha
Reading and vocabulary instruction can serve as an instructional process to respond to English language learner (ELL) needs. The purpose of this review of literature was to determine whether reading and vocabulary instruction should be used as core strategies for supporting ELLs requiring interventions as a response to the Texas English Language…
Sawir, Erlenawati; Marginson, Simon; Forbes-Mewett, Helen; Nyland, Chris; Ramia, Gaby
"International student security" refers to the international student's maintenance of a stable capacity for self-determining human agency. The article focuses on the role of English-language proficiency in the security of students from English as Foreign Language countries, drawing on evidence from a program of semistructured interviews with 200…
Kaphesi, Elias S.
The aim of this study was to explore how teachers use language in Chichewa medium and English medium mathematics teaching in standards 3 and 4 of selected primary schools in Zomba, Malawi. Chichewa is a local and national language whereas English is a foreign language yet the official language in Malawi. Chichewa is a language of instruction in standards 1to 4 whereas English is used from standard 5. Both Chichewa and English are subjects of study from standard 1. Issues investigated included...
This article deals with problematic approach to English learning and teaching due to misleading conception on the nature of English and on the process of acquiring it as well as the clues to the issues. The clues are: Firstly, English is not more difficult than any other languages, including Indonesian language, "Bahasa Indonesia".…
Rubrico, Jessie Grace U.; Hashim, Fatimah
Engaging non-native pre-service English teachers who are still learning the language themselves requires two tasks: facilitating their language teaching skills and scaffolding their language learning. This action research interfaced Facebook and Photovoice technologies in order to empower participants to be proactive in their language learning and…
Sitti Syamsinar Mappiasse; Ahmad Johari Bin Sihes
The most widely used language in research, business, politics and other areas of life in our contemporary world is the English language. The exploration of the world by the British people through colonization and their conquest of North America contribute immensely to the spreading of the language. This paper traces the historical spread of English as a language, the methods that were used to teach it across the ages and its adoption as a foreign language in Indonesia. It also examines its in...
There are some generally recognized challenges and paradoxes in learning and teaching EFL, e.g. the existence of different phonological codes in particular languages, emphasizing the importance of phonetic studies; the existence of a specific inventory of phonemes in each language, and the issue of phoneme analyzability; the educationalists’ tendency to take support on the existence of universal facts of pronunciation – which clashes with the common idea that there are sounds which are ‘unpro...
This study is built upon an understanding of a wide range of variables including foreign language education in Turkey, the sociolinguistic profile of English, the phenomena of code-switching, language transfer (in particular second language transfer in third language production), teaching of a second foreign language after English, plurilingualism…
The relationship between second language learning and meaningful interactions is now well recognised in second language acquisition research. While English is a widely taught foreign language around the world, much of the interaction research comes from core-English countries, which are also the major producers of English language teaching (ELT)…
Kök, ?zzettin; Cyprus International University, Faculty of Education, ELT Department
The purpose of the research is to determine the effects of the language curricula designed in compliance with the principles of Neuro Linguistic programming, and brain dominance on the students’ academic achievement and their attitudes towards learning English. The population of this study was 52 students (25 females, 27 males) studying at an Anatolian high school preparatory class in the spring term of the 2004-2005 academic year. The research presented in this study was based on a randomize...
The problem of linguistics in language teaching has been discussed for many years in SLA. Researchers try to find out the relationship between linguistics and language teaching. In this paper, the author gives her own opinion about their relationship on the basis of some linguists’ theories and attempts to show the implication of linguistic theories on the practice of language teaching.
Full Text Available This study introduces the condition of culture teaching in college English in China by using the quantitative research method. Through analyzing the quantitative data by means of various inferential statistical procedures, and investigating how the students’ recognition, favorite approach, ideas, and attitudes on culture teaching interact and students’ sex-, major-and place-related differences in culture teaching, the results show that culture learning plays a positive part in learning language. The results also indicate that the degree of the satisfaction on cultural learning of the students is varied by sex, major, grade and place. This phenomenon urges that all the language teachers should find suitable and reliable teaching resource in directing and implementing the language-and-culture teaching. Teacher should adjust and develop the existed content-based instruction into a more feasible way and also take on more responsibilities on the students in the process of learning. This calls for further study in the field of culture teaching.
This paper tries to discuss how recitation input helps overcome the negative influences on the basis of second language acquisition theory and confirms the important role that recitation input plays in improving college students’ oral and written English.
Spithill, Alma C.
Discusses the importance of student motivation in the foreign language classroom. Suggests that although most foreign language teachers are well trained in methods and materials, the psychological principles related to motivation and reinforcement are more elusive than those related to learning activities. (NCR)
Full Text Available Facing the current situation that Chinese students are poor in English productive ability, the mode of only English-medium teaching is put forward to completely improve students’ English abilities and comprehensive competence by creating second language acquisition atmosphere. Since few studies have been conducted on students’ attitudes toward only English-medium teaching in ELT classrooms especially from the perspective of students themselves, this paper, through questionnaires and interviews, focuses on students’ attitudes to figure out their preferences, evaluations and suggestions of teaching modes, and further discusses the practical application of only English-medium teaching in EFL classrooms from five respects: teaching purpose, course design, teacher’ qualification, students’ language level and teaching effect. It is concluded that only English-medium teaching is not of popularity among students giving their own English levels and the advancement of only English-medium teaching quality depends on the qualified teachers and suitable courses. Keywords: English teaching, Teaching effect, Teacher qualification, Students’ language level, Course design
Peter Kinyua Muriungi; Mwenda Mukuthuria; Margaret Gatavi
Problem Statement: The current study tries to investigate the nature and typology of errors that primary school pupils in Nembure Division, Embu County, Kenya make in the acquisition of English as a second language. Primary school learners of English as a second language are prone to making numerous errors. This is worrying because good performance in English in Kenya and the world enhances a learner’s choice of prestigious careers especially those that strictly consider English as a special ...
Oral English teaching is not satisfactory and many teachers face a problem of considering how to develop learners’ oral English proficiency. Thus, to find ways of systematically and practically improving oral English teaching, the paper, chiefly based on constructivism, investigates both the current situation of and problems in oral English teaching for Chinese English majors, and provided suggestions for teaching oral English course.Key words: Oral English teaching; English majors; Construct...
Full Text Available Oral English teaching is not satisfactory and many teachers face a problem of considering how to develop learners’ oral English proficiency. Thus, to find ways of systematically and practically improving oral English teaching, the paper, chiefly based on constructivism, investigates both the current situation of and problems in oral English teaching for Chinese English majors, and provided suggestions for teaching oral English course.Key words: Oral English teaching; English majors; Constructivism
Tuso, Joseph F.
Advantage should be taken of the increased interest in teaching Old English literature, in translation, at the college and high school levels. The study of "Beowulf" and other Old English literature has proved to be a stimulating experience for students at the United States Air Force Academy and at Georgia College. At the academy, the study of…
Full Text Available This paper reviews the literature and recommends activities that can be used to teach English to gifted and talented students. It includes the responsibilities that teachers of the gifted and talented have in teaching the English language. Strategies for teaching the language in a natural and flowing way to increase intake and usage are also presented. Also discussed are the pressures on gifted and talented students when they are learning a new subject such as the English language and how these pressures occur because of beliefs about giftedness and how gifted learners learn. Teachers need to also be aware of the linguistic and cultural backgrounds of their students. This information can be used to help students speak English more naturally during informal talks/discussions in class about their different lifestyles and/or cultural features. The special and different learning characteristics of gifted students are important for their teachers to know. Teachers of gifted students should then use that knowledge when they differentiate curriculum. To be a teacher of these special children means being open to ongoing professional development and always focusing on the learner rather than the learning. Finally, the teachers of the gifted need to shift their approaches in order to become counsellors and guides more than instructors and directors of learning.
Full Text Available The article is concerned with the issues of the modern language teaching are examined on the basis of cross-cultural communication in the context of psycholinguistic researches. Authors characterize linguistic means, maximally bringing together communication parties, belonging to different socio-cultural groups. The goals and objectives of the research are directed at the detection and updating of those linguistic means of the Kazakh, Russian and English languages, promoting improvement of intensive language acquisition in terms of languages trinity
Bridge the gap between content and language and put research into practice to instruct English language learners with strategies that meet their needs in language development and literacy. This must-have book reviews the author's experiences as a teacher in a diverse instructional setting and discusses the challenges and successes teachers experience in the ELL classroom. 200pp.
Discusses basic models of the processes of translation, second language teaching and learning, and semantization. A judicious use of many procedures is urged, because translation is present in the semantization process regardless of method used. It is noted that considerable research is still needed. (AMH)
This deals with linguistic change and illustrates some of the major structural features of English during its historical phases, from Old English to Modern English. The approach is mainly sociolinguistic, since it sees language change and variation as the result of social pressures, political power and ideology.
Saunders, William; Goldenberg, Claude; Marcelletti, David
Having reviewed several bodies of research, the authors provide 14 guidelines for educators to help English learners (ELs) make greater strides in learning English. These guidelines are: (1) Providing English Language Development (ELD) instruction is better than not providing it; (2) ELD instruction should continue at least until ELs attain…
Navarro, Ann M.
Background: Many classrooms today have ESL students who do not speak English and are completely lost. How can teachers help these students comprehend what they are learning in English? Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify effective reading strategies to build schema for English language learners (ELLs) to help them comprehend.…
Una experiencia de formación inicial de docentes de inglés para la inclusión de las TIC en la enseñanza de lenguas / An Experience of Initial English Teaching Training Incorporating ICT in Language Teaching
Amparo, Clavijo Olarte; Luz Mary, Quintero.
Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo muestra los hallazgos de un estudio realizado con un grupo de 34 estudiantes, de un programa de licenciatura en inglés como lengua extranjera de una universidad pública de Bogotá, que se enfoca en la necesidad de repensar la pedagogía del lenguaje con el fin de promover el desa [...] rrollo de competencias en lengua extranjera y en alfabetización digital en los estudiantes. El estudio analiza la pedagogía utilizada en el ambiente virtual basada en: 1. proyectos colaborativos, 2. debates sobre temas generados por los estudiantes, 3. diseño y construcción de blogs personales y 4. creación de wikis en el espacio de Schoolpedia. Los resultados muestran que la pedagogía propuesta, basada en proyectos colaborativos desarrollados por los estudiantes, representó una experiencia de aprendizaje del idioma enriquecida con la inclusión de TIC. De esta forma, podría convertirse en un modelo para ellos como futuros docentes. Esta experiencia pedagógica mostró en el currículo las relaciones de complementariedad entre los saberes lingüístico y tecnológico para la comunicación, y entre los contenidos escolares y los contenidos propios del estudiante en el aprendizaje. Abstract in english Abstract This paper presents the results of a study developed with a group of 34 TESOL students of a public university at Bogotá, Colombia. The study focuses on the need to rethink the pedagogy of language in order to promote the development of foreign language competencies and digital literacy amon [...] g students. The study analyzes the pedagogy implemented in virtual environments, which is based on: 1. collaborative projects, 2. debates on topics proposed by students, 3. design and development of personal blogs, and 4. creations of wikis in Schoolpedia. The results show that the pedagogy based on collaborative projects developed by students turned out to be an enriched learning experience with the inclusion of ICT; thus, this pedagogy could become a model for TESOL students future teaching practice. The inclusion of this pedagogical experience into the curriculum also showed complementary relationships between teaching contents and students' personal interests, which have consequences to learning.
AP English Language & Composition Crash Course - Gets You a Higher Advanced Placement Score in Less Time Crash Course is perfect for the time-crunched student, the last-minute studier, or anyone who wants a refresher on the subject. AP English Language & Composition Crash Course gives you: Targeted, Focused Review - Study Only What You Need to Know Crash Course is based on an in-depth analysis of the AP English Language & Composition course description outline and actual Advanced Placement test questions. It covers only the information tested on the exam, so you can make the most of your valua
Filled with real examples of the way people use English in different contexts, The Routledge Dictionary of English Language Studies is an indispensable guide to the richness and variety of the English language for both students and the general reader.From abbreviation to zero-article, via fricative and slang, the Dictionary contains over 600 wide ranging and informative entries covering:the core areas of language description and analysis: phonetics and phonology, grammar, lexis, semantics, pragmatics and discoursesociolinguistics, including entries on social and regional variation, stylistic v
Naji Meidani, Elham
Full Text Available The global spread of the English language has not only resulted in more non-native speakers than native speakers (Crystal, 1997, but it has even put into question the ownership of the language (Widdowson, 1994; Brumfit, 1995. Therefore, English is recognized as an international language that does not belong to any particular country and is used for global, political, cultural and financial exchange. The following study aimed to find out to what extent English language textbooks demonstrate the international status of the language by comparing four different textbooks published in different years. To this purpose, the following criteria were taken into account: references to Inner Circle countries, references to Outer and Expanding Circle countries, non-native accents, dialogues in non-English speaking countries, place of home culture and famous people. The analysis revealed differences among the selected books with a gradual tendency towards more recognition of the international status of English. Finally, the results were discussed and some suggestions were made in the context of English language learning and teaching.
The advance of globalization and the information technology revolution call for fundamental changes in foreign language teaching and learning. However, according to Warschauer & Kern (2005:2) “the computer, like any other technological tool used in teaching (…) does not in and of itself bring about improvements in learning.” Instead, they propose that we should “look to particular practices of use in particular contexts” so that we might be able to ascertain if the use of network-based langua...
Network English teaching research has attracted the attention of many college English teachers who are keen on the application of information technology and the seamless communication between teaching and learning participants since network technology was applied into foreign language teaching. The article introduces an online learning community titled Sharing & Improving among inter-college English teachers and excellent college students with the main focus on creating a communicative pl...
Norland, Jennifer Jane
The purpose of this study was to examine the interactions of eighth grade English Language Learners in an inclusive science classroom. There is a paucity of research in this area. Central to this study was the students' perceptions and interactions with five different science curriculum features; teacher presentation and guided notes, worksheets, homework, labs, and practice and review activities. The student participants were English Language Learners from two language proficiency levels and the teacher was a provisionally licensed first year science teacher. The aggregate data included individual interviews with the students and teacher, classroom observations, and the collection of classroom artifacts. The findings revealed: (a) students' comprehension of the material was inconsistent throughout all of the curriculum features and differences were observed not only between but also within the two proficiency levels; (b) classroom organizational issues created challenges for both the teacher and the students; (c) off task behavior was most prevalent during the teacher's one-to-one instruction and interfered with learning; (d) differences between levels of language proficiency were observed among students who preferred to work independently and were comfortable asking the teacher for assistance and the students who preferred working with and receiving assistance from peers; and (e) language proficiency rather than cultural differences appeared to be the greatest barrier to classroom success. Overall, English language proficiency was a crucial determinant in the English Language Learners success in the inclusive classroom. Additionally, implications suggest that a limited teaching skill set could adversely affect the success of students in inclusive classrooms.
Full Text Available Video is a popular and a motivating potential medium in schools. Using video in the language classroom helps the language teachers in many different ways. Video, for instance, brings the outside world into the language classroom, providing the class with many different topics and reasons to talk about. It can provide comprehensible input to the learners through contextualised models of language use. It also offers good opportunities to introduce native English speech into the language classroom. Through this article I will try to show what the benefits of using video are and, at the end, I present an instrument to select and classify video materials.
Nowadays intercultural communication is the subject of great topical interest in foreign languages circles. The close relationship between language and culture determines the connotation of foreign language teaching. We should realize that teaching foreign language means not only imparting of language knowledge but also spreading cultural knowledge and cultivating of students’intercultural communication ability. This between language and culture,and some problems existing in foreign...
Xin, Liu; Luzheng, Lou; Biru, Shi
The application of classroom discourse analysis of foreign language teaching and learning can reveal much about how teachers perform in their teaching practice and how to make improvement. In this paper, the author tries to reveal the present state of EFL (English as a foreign language) classrooms in a vocational college from the angle of…
Professores de língua inglesa para crianças: interface entre formação inicial e continuada, experiência e fazer pedagógico / English language teachers for young learners: interface between in-service education, experience and teaching practice
Leandra Ines Seganfredo, Santos.
Full Text Available O foco deste estudo é discutir a formação inicial e continuada de docentes que atuam no ensino de Língua Estrangeira, em especial, no ensino de Língua Inglesa para crianças que frequentam anos iniciais do Ensino Fundamental, em contexto de escola pública. Os dados, provenientes de um grupo de cinco [...] docentes, foram coletados mediante uso de questionários, entrevistas, sessões reflexivas, logs, acompanhamento do fazer pedagógico e da participação na Formação Continuada e em eventos acadêmico-científicos. Os resultados mostram que a Formação Continuada, mediante cursos e participação em eventos, por exemplo, são muito importantes na vida profissional do docente, principalmente, quando proporcionam socialização de experiências do fazer pedagógico. Abstract in english This study focuses on the discussion concerning the second language teachers' education, especially those who teach English for young learners in first years of public elementary schools. The data were collected from a group of five teachers by using questionnaires, interviews, reflective sections a [...] nd logs. The teachers were followed in their teaching practice in the schools where they work, and also in their participation in continued education and academic and scientific events. The results show that continuing teaching education through courses and participation in events, for instance, are very important in teachers' professional life, mainly when they allow them to share their teaching experiences.
Full Text Available Pygmalion Effect, or Robert Rosenthal Effect, was proved by the famous American psychologist Robert Rosenthal and Jacobson in 1968. Pygmalion Effect, as a matter of fact, is a psychological suggestion, which believes that people can accept the influence and suggestion given by the people whom very much they admire, like, believe, and respect. This effect was first applied in the field of management and medication. What’s more, remarkable achievements have been accomplished on human resource management. Robert Rosenthal put it into education through an experiment called Pygmalion in the Classroom, which aroused widely attention in the education sector. This thesis mainly focuses on the application of Pygmalion effect in English teaching, especially junior English teaching in China. If we can make good use of the Pygmalion Effect to conduct teaching and have positive expectations to students, it will improve teaching greatly.
Full Text Available Audio-visual aids are instructional materials and devices through which teaching and learning are done in colleges more effectively. Examples of learning aids include visual aids, audio-visual aids, real objects and many others. The visual aids are designed materials that may be locally made or commercially produced. They come in form of wall-charts illustrated pictures, pictorial materials and other two dimensional objects. There are also audio-visual aids. These are teaching machines like radio, television, mobile and all sorts of projectors with sound attributes. Audio-visual aids can change the teacher-learning situation if various types of visual aids are employed in teaching English. They may be described as aids that facilitate the understanding of the written and the spoken words in teaching-learning situation. The use of audio-visual aids would upgrade the teaching of English and give students with learning experiences in active participation in all phases of learning activities. This research paper designed to show how tools and techniques enhance teaching English language more effectively.
It is generally accepted that formative assessment can better help students’ autonomous learning and their cultivation of humane quality. This paper intends to examine whether formative assessment is universally applicable for students of different levels of language proficiency. For this purpose, an English teaching experiment and a questionnaire survey on learning strategies and motivations were conducted in a 211 Project university and the independent college of that university in China. R...
English-Only Europe? explores the role of languages in the process of European integration. Languages are central to the development of an integrated Europe. The way in which the European Union deals with multilingualism has serious implications for both individual member countries and international relations. In this book, Robert Phillipson considers whether the contemporary expansion of English represents a serious threat to other European languages. After exploring the implications of current policies, Phillipson argues the case for more active language policies to safeguard a multilingual Europe. Drawing on examples of countries with explicit language policies such as Canada and South Africa, the book sets out Phillipson's vision of an inclusive language policy for Europe, and describes how it can be attained.