WorldWideScience

Sample records for english language teaching

  1. English Language Teaching Profile: Sweden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

    This profile in outline form of the English language teaching situation in Sweden discusses the role of English within Swedish society and within the Swedish educational system. The status of English as the principal foreign language since 1945 for use in business, the media and tourism is pointed out. The system of English instruction in the…

  2. Vocabulary Teaching in English Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Qi Pan; Runjiang Xu

    2011-01-01

    Vocabulary is one of the three essential components that constitute language knowledge, and vocabulary teaching is an essential part in English language teaching. In this paper, we discuss some vocabulary teaching strategies, so as to help the memorizing of vocabulary and enhance the efficiency of vocabulary teaching and learning.

  3. English Language Teaching Profile: Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

    This profile in outline form of the English language teaching situation in Uruguay discusses the role of English within Uruguayan society and within the educational system. Though English is quite widely used for reading scientific, technical and medical publications, and while it is considered important culturally in higher professions, it is not…

  4. Laptops in English language teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Alvring, Simon

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the use of laptops in English language teaching, its benefits and disadvantages. Three classroom observations, six student interviews and three teacher interviews were carried out to answer the study’s research questions, namely, what are the benefits and disadvantages of using laptops in the teaching of English at schools under study? How do teachers solve technical and pedagogical problems related to the use of laptops? What kinds of IT-support and po...

  5. Teaching English as an International Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selvi, A. F.; Yazan, B.

    2013-01-01

    English has unquestionably become a global phenomenon, generating a fundamental discussion of EIL pedagogy for English language teaching practitioners around the world. Teaching English as an International Language captures this important moment in the history of English language teaching. Readers will find an accessible introduction to the past,…

  6. Teaching language arts to English language learners

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    Vásquez, Anete; Smith, Philip C

    2013-01-01

    This thoroughly revised and updated edition of Teaching Language Arts to English Language Learners provides readers with the comprehensive understanding of both the challenges that face ELLs and ways in which educators might address them in the language arts classroom. The authors offer proven techniques that teachers can readily use to teach reading, writing, grammar, and vocabulary as well as speaking, listening, and viewing skills. A complete section is also devoted to ways teachers can integrate all five strands of the language arts curriculum into a comprehensive unit of study w

  7. ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODS –AN OVER VIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. T. Karunakaran; Suresh Babu, M.

    2013-01-01

    The paper addresses the brief history of English language teaching (ELT) methods in general and the type of ELT methods. It also presents the recent research on English language teaching methods and the debates that move towards the post-method pedagogy in second language teaching/learning. The paper deals with the brief summary of the methods and approaches in language teaching from Grammar-translation method to Communicative Language Teaching. It also looks the debate on post-method pedagogy.

  8. LANGUAGE AND GENDER IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING

    OpenAIRE

    Murni Mahmud

    2010-01-01

    This paper highlights the impact of gender differences in English Language Teaching. It explores students’ learning styles as affected by the notions about men and women differences in communication. The data collected in 2008 from 20 males and 20 females’ English students of the State University of Makassar. It is to reveal their attitudes towards speaking to different sex, strategy to express opinion, group work preferences, activeness/passiveness, and their perception to increase English s...

  9. Identity, Literacy, and English-Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Bonny

    2010-01-01

    In the field of English-language teaching, there has been increasing interest in how literacy development is influenced by institutional and community practice and how power is implicated in language-learners' engagement with text. In this article, I trace the trajectory of my research on identity, literacy, and English-language teaching informed…

  10. ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODS –AN OVER VIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. T. Karunakaran

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper addresses the brief history of English language teaching (ELT methods in general and the type of ELT methods. It also presents the recent research on English language teaching methods and the debates that move towards the post-method pedagogy in second language teaching/learning. The paper deals with the brief summary of the methods and approaches in language teaching from Grammar-translation method to Communicative Language Teaching. It also looks the debate on post-method pedagogy.

  11. Constructivist strategies for teaching English language learners

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    Reyes, Sharon Adelman

    2007-01-01

    This book provides guidelines for using constructivist teaching methods with English language learners and includes classroom examples, grade-level connections, and strategies that promote educational equity.

  12. Motivation and English Language Teaching in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mahdi Dahmardeh; Marilyn Hunt

    2012-01-01

    The present article arises from a three-year cross sectional investigation into English language teaching in secondary schools in Iran and it aims to discuss the role of students’ motivation within English language teaching in Iran. In order to investigate this situation, a range of research instruments were used including a thorough review of literature, a desk based analysis of existing curriculum documentation, questionnaires and interviews completed by English language teachers i...

  13. LANGUAGE AND GENDER IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murni Mahmud

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the impact of gender differences in English Language Teaching. It explores students’ learning styles as affected by the notions about men and women differences in communication. The data collected in 2008 from 20 males and 20 females’ English students of the State University of Makassar. It is to reveal their attitudes towards speaking to different sex, strategy to express opinion, group work preferences, activeness/passiveness, and their perception to increase English skills dealing with sex difference. It is revealed that female than male students were reluctant to speak to different sex; females preferred the direct way to express opinions (writing, work with the same sex, and tended to be passive in class. In addition, females saw the high possibility to increase their English skills by working with the same sex but the reverse is true for males. These different styles of female and male students in learning English were affected by the notions of women’s language.

  14. Technology and English Language Teaching (ELT)

    OpenAIRE

    Akram Kazemi; Mehry Haddad Narafshan

    2014-01-01

    This paper is a try to investigate the attitudes of English language university teachers in Kerman (Iran) toward computer technology and find the hidden factors that make university teachers avoid using technology in English language teaching. 30 university teachers participated in this study. A questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used in order to collect the data. Both descriptive and inferential statistics as well as content analysis were conducted to analyze the data. The find...

  15. How to Enhance Culture Teaching in English Language Classes

    OpenAIRE

    Baohe Zhao

    2011-01-01

    Language is closely related to culture. Language expresses and embodies cultural reality, in the meantime, culture exerts enormous influences on language. Therefore, language learning is often culture learning. The author, based on the negligence of culture teaching in English language classes, illustrates the influences of cultural knowledge on reading, translating and intercultural communicating, and proposes suggestions on culture teaching in English language teaching (ELT).

  16. English Language Teaching: Teaching of Hedges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Ko

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A hedge is a mitigating word or sound used to lessen the impact of an utterance. It can be an adjective, for example, ‘Small potato me is not as strong as you’; or an adverb: ‘I maybe can swim faster than you’, while it can also consist of clauses, that it could be regarded as a form of euphemism which should be taught as a main topic in English class of schools around the world. For instance, in Hong Kong schools, based on my observation while teaching in a number of primary and secondary English courses as a tutor, students report that their school teachers usually emphasize the teaching of all cohesive devices in terms of skills of writing while they neglect to explain the importance of the use of hedges in order to show euphemism. In this study, I would adopt Corpus Linguistics, a division of applied linguistics, as methodology to discover a great deal of hedges employed by so-called native speakers of English, for promoting the idiomatic usage of hedges in writing, nevertheless in speaking, so as to help teachers gain resources and inspiration in teaching to students the appropriate English hedges as a consequence of the author’s hard effort while revealing from the selected corpora of this paper.

  17. English language teaching textbooks content, consumption, production

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    Harwood, Nigel

    2013-01-01

    English language teaching textbooks (or coursebooks) play a central role in the life of a classroom. This edited volume contains research-informed chapters focusing on: analysis of textbook content; how textbooks are used in the classroom; and textbook writers' accounts of the materials writing, design, and publishing process.

  18. Methods of English language teaching

    OpenAIRE

    ??????????, ?.?.

    2013-01-01

    The grammar translation method instructs students in grammar, and provides vocabulary with direct translations to memorize. It was the predominant method in Europe in the 19th century. Most instructors now acknowledge that this method is ineffective by itself. It is now most commonly used in the traditional instruction of the classical languages.

  19. COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING AT ENGLISH DEPARTMENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Vladan Pavlovi?

    2010-01-01

    The paper first shortly presents the basic postulates of cognitive linguistics, including A. Goldberg's construction grammar, as an important theory developing within the cognitive linguistic approach to the grammatical level of language structure.Then it moves on to examine the ways the various theoretical insights of cognitive linguistics can practically be applied to language teaching at English departments, with the focus being primarily on the syntactic and the lexical levels. Apart from...

  20. English language teaching some aspects recollected

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, RK

    2008-01-01

    ELT is in a flux, but certain exploratory and empirical studies reported a decade or two ago have potential for adaptation. The articles in the volume not only offer a substantive and methodological perspective for teachers and educators in relevant facets of ELT but also present international and comparative dimensions of applied language teaching practices. The contributing teacher-researchers reflect on learners' proficiency and their performances, errors in the usage of conjunctions, idiomatic expressions, vocabulary learning, rhetorical structures in everyday English use, functional appli

  1. ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING AND LEARNINGA NEED TO RETHINK.

    OpenAIRE

    K. UJJWALA

    2013-01-01

    English education in India has largely depended on the teaching of literature. It is only in the recent years that there has been a shift of emphasis from teaching literature to language. The relationship between literature and English language teaching has been rather a difficult marriage throughout all these years. In many situations while English language teaching adopted a structural approach, literature was taught as a separate subject. Nevertheless, current approaches have endeavored to...

  2. The Analysis of the Berlitz Approach to English Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Halvadži?, Admira

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the role of the Berlitz method of teaching English in today's language education. The Berlitz method has been present in the English language area for a long time and the principal objective of this diploma thesis was to prove that even today, it is a very successful and effective method of teaching English, whose characteristics should be implemented in language classrooms around the world. The first part of my thesis introduces the history of English language tea...

  3. The Application of Body Language in English Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Yuanyuan Tai

    2014-01-01

    In English teaching, with the constant reform of teaching methods, body language as a kind of nonverbal language plays a very significant role in the interaction between teachers and students. It not only can express the speakers’ intention more accurately and effectively, simplify the teaching instruction, stimulate the students’ interest, optimize the purpose of English teaching and enhance teaching effectiveness, but also can help improve the students’ ability of listenin...

  4. TEACHING LEGAL ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE

    OpenAIRE

    BADEA ELENA CODRUTA

    2012-01-01

    In the last two decades, legal English has attracted increasing interest and awareness, especially because English is predominantly the language of international legal practice. Legal English must be seen in the overall context of English for Specific Purposes , as it shares the important elements of need analysis, syllabus design, course design, and materials selection and development which are common to all fields of work in ESP. As with other varieties of ESP, Legal English implies the def...

  5. Cultural Diversity in English Language Teaching: Learners’ Voices

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen Duc Chinh

    2013-01-01

    The focus of culture in English language teaching (ELT) has traditionally been on the target culture of English speaking countries. However, the new status of English as international language (EIL) has led to significant changes in the practice of teaching and learning culture in ELT. Rather than relying on the paradigm of native speaker competence and target culture, the culture teaching in ELT now aims at cultural diversity to develop learners as intercultural speakers in a globalised cont...

  6. Intercultural Exposure through English Language Teaching: An Analysis of an English Language Textbook in Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqie, Shamsun Akhter

    2011-01-01

    The treatment of culture in foreign language textbooks is comparatively a new trend in English Language Teaching (ELT) which is based on the growing consensus that language textbooks should attempt to raise students' awareness of international culture as well as that of their own. Being influenced by this thought, Bangladesh too like many other…

  7. Teach English as a foreign language

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    Riddell, David

    2014-01-01

    This new edition of Teach EFL is the ultimate practical reference guide to becoming an EFL teacher. "Riddell''s book is a classic - it answers all those questions new language teachers have....covers an amazing amount in a clear accessible way.". David Carr, Director of Teacher Training. International House London. This book is packed with information on:. -effective teaching techniques. -sound classroom management. -practical lesson planning. -successful job hunting and career development. This is an indispensable book for all new EFL teachers: a step-by-step guide on what to teach and how to teach it. This edition has been fully revised to include:. -insights from teachers working around the world. -up-to-date information on technology as an aid to learning. -comprehensive information on the increasingly popular task-based learning. -invaluable advice on making the transition from learning to teaching. -clear guidance on ongoing professional development. -useful examples of teaching in different internation...

  8. Pensamientos Sobre (Thoughts on) Teaching English as a Second Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulibarri, Mari-Luci

    This document presents ideas on various topics in teaching English as a second language. Some of the problems of English orthography and semantics are illustrated. The role of contrastive analysis is mentioned with Spanish-English illustrations. A list of second-language-acquisition principles and techniques is provided, and suggestions for…

  9. The Application of Body Language in English Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuanyuan Tai

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In English teaching, with the constant reform of teaching methods, body language as a kind of nonverbal language plays a very significant role in the interaction between teachers and students. It not only can express the speakers’ intention more accurately and effectively, simplify the teaching instruction, stimulate the students’ interest, optimize the purpose of English teaching and enhance teaching effectiveness, but also can help improve the students’ ability of listening, speaking, reading and so on. Through literature review, by inducing and summarizing, this paper did a survey on several kinds of body languages and their some aspects, such as their features, importance, etc. This paper aims at helping English teachers understand the application of body language in teaching, and encouraging them to try using body language in classes in order to assist their teaching. The English teachers in new times should use body language properly in their class teaching and bring its function in language teaching into full play to achieve the best teaching effects. 

  10. Role of New Emerging Technology in English Language Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Madhvi Rathore

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available English is a language which has vast scope and influences the whole personality of an individual. There is no doubt that English has become a universal language. Today language teachers are frequently making use of technology. The use of technology not only helps in improving the basic skills but also positively contributes in the development of high thinking skills. The use of technologies such as PowerPoint and interactive white board is attracting the students in classroom. Teachers can teach students basic grammatical rules from the English language exercises available on the Internet. Students can use on line dictionaries, pronouncing dictionaries to improve their communication skills. Students can learn English through language games, video, audio clips, text on internet and other internet language learning software. This paper intends to maximize the positive effect of new emerging technology in teaching English language and to minimize the negative effects of emerging technology in English language teaching. New media usually includes: online news, websites, 3-D and virtual reality environments and effects, highly interactive user interfaces, mobiles, presentation and computing capabilities, telephones, online communities, live internet broadcasting and print media. Our general aim is to explore the design and use of new emerging technology in English language teaching. New emerging technology makes learning atmosphere pleasant and conductive. It replaces our traditional class rooms into smart class rooms.

  11. Culture and English Language Teaching in the Arab World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Montasser Mohamed AbdelWahab

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the relationship between culture and English language teaching (ELT) in the Arab World. A critical question arises in terms of ELT, that is, whether to teach culture along with English. To answer such a bewildering question, this article presents related literature and studies and discusses a theoretical frame based on…

  12. Principles and Practices for Teaching English as an International Language

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    Alsagoff, Lubna; Hu, Guangwei; Renandya, Willy A

    2012-01-01

    What general principles should inform a socioculturally sensitive pedagogy for teaching English as an International Language and what practices would be consistent with these principles? This text explores the pedagogical implications of the continuing spread of English and its role as an international language, highlighting the importance of socially sensitive pedagogy in contexts outside inner circle English-speaking countries. It provides comprehensive coverage of topics traditionally included in second language methodology courses (such as the teaching of oral skills and grammar), as well

  13. TEACHING CREATIVE WRITING IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLASSROOM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARKU MONIS AND . M. V. RODRIQUES

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Writing, like all other aspects of language, is communicative. In our real life we write e-mails, notes, covering letters, reports, curriculums, assignments, essays and so on. Some of us write articles or work on forums and websites. A few write stories and poems. All of these writing tasks have a communicative purpose and a target audience. In the English language classroom, however, writing often lacks this. There are many reasons, as there are lots of ways to make the writing, we do with learners more communicative. There are many areas in which language learners can benefit from creative writing. Students express themselves and their own ideas. Most teachers would agree that what we want to say, what comes from the heart, we are happier to work on. Creative Writing (CW can be very stimulating and a lot of fun. Creative writing involves playful but rigorous work with language. A lot of people seem to associate creative writing with an "anything goes" mentality. However, in order to produce a good text, poem, short story or dramatic scene, the language needs to be correct and it needs to work. Creative Writing requires greater precision in expression. In order to say precisely what they mean, students have to be very careful in their use of vocabulary and idioms. In this article, an effort is made to discuss the characteristics and difficulties of CW and similarly, a few ideas for CW writing, benefits of CW and solutions to simplify and make it interesting is presented.

  14. Effective Foreign Language Teaching: Perceptions of Prospective English Language Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demiroz, Hakan; Yesilyurt, Savas

    2015-01-01

    Studies conducted so far have mainly focused on investigating the characteristics of effective foreign language teachers to understand the role of teacher effectiveness in the process of language learning, while there is scarcity of studies focusing on the perceptions of the characteristics of effective foreign language teaching of the students of…

  15. Teaching English to speakers of other languages an introduction

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    Nunan, David

    2015-01-01

    David Nunan's dynamic learner-centered teaching style has informed and inspired countless TESOL educators around the world. In this fresh, straightforward introduction to teaching English to speakers of other languages he presents teaching techniques and procedures along with the underlying theory and principles. Complex theories and research studies are explained in a clear and comprehensible, yet non-trivial, manner without trivializing them. Practical examples of how to develop teaching materials and tasks from sound principles provide rich illustrations of theoretical constructs.

  16. TEACHING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TO FOREIGNERS

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    Ioana Claudia Horea

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Teaching English as a foreign language requires very different approaches if we consider the recipients of the didactic process. Concerning the practical aspects of the primary task of a language instructor, namely teaching, skills of all sorts are required in order to be able to use best methods and most appropriate resources and up to date materials and devices. Moreover, to teach students of your own mother tongue is one very distinct thing from teaching foreigners. These two categories, namely students of the same mother tongue as their teacher and foreigners, have two things in common, namely: first, they are the subjects on whom the activity of teaching English is to be applied and second, this language is not their native tongue. These facts can thus be reduced to one idea: addressing to recipients of EFL teaching. Still, there is a big difference between teaching the first category mentioned, those who have the same mother tongue as the teacher and teaching the second category, foreigners, to whom not even the vaguest hints can be provided in other language than English. There comes a new challenge, an extra endeavour for an even more special approach. This study undertakes to present some of the distinctions entailed at the level of teaching methods and to parallel the diverse methodological approaches for the two situations presented. Are the four skills that language acquisition assumes to be taught distinctly and shall the approaches in each particular situation differ from one case to the other or not too much? It takes some distinct features to be or, better saying, to become a teacher of languages; and to teach English as foreign language to foreigners is a new development within this typology, a diverse dimension. New levels of character traits are instinctively reached by instructors in order to better cope, unconsciously, psychologically and emotionally, with the upgraded’ challenges.

  17. English Language Learners: Effective Teaching Strategies, Practices for FCS Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allison, Barbara N.; Rehm, Marsha L.

    2011-01-01

    English language learners represent the fastest growing segment of the U.S. school-age population, raising the question of how best to teach this new and challenging group of students. The research and scholarly literature has identified a number of instructional strategies and classroom practices that have been shown to be effective in teaching…

  18. English Language Teachers' Perceptions of Professional Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oder, Tuuli

    2014-01-01

    During the most recent educational reform in Estonia, a new National Curriculum was introduced in 2010 providing new guidelines for education generally and foreign languages specifically. To investigate the understanding that an EFL (English as a Foreign Language) teacher has about professional teaching and whether it matches the principles of the…

  19. Testing a Model of Teaching for Anxiety and Success for English Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Önem, Evrim; Ergenç, Iclal

    2013-01-01

    Much research has shown that there is a negative relationship between high levels of anxiety and success for English language teaching. This paper aimed to test a model of teaching for anxiety and success in English language teaching to affect anxiety and success levels at the same time in a control-experiment group with pre- and post-test study…

  20. Phonology in English language teaching an international approach

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    Pennington, Martha C

    2014-01-01

    Phonology in English Language Teaching is an introductory text, specifically directed at the needs of language teachers internationally. Combining an overview of English phonology with structured practical guidance, this text shows how phonology can be applied in the classroom.An introductory chapter provides the philosophical framework, followed by separate chapters on the phonology of consonants, vowels and prosody. As well as presenting core material on English phonology, the book explores the relationship of orthography to the English sound system from a historical and a pre

  1. Teaching English as a foreign language for dummies

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    Maxom, Michelle

    2009-01-01

    Making Everything Easier! Teaching English as a Foreign Language for Dummies Learn to:Put an EFL course programme together from scratchLet your students loose in skills classes - from reading to listeningDeliver grammar lessons in a logical and intuitive wayCope with different age groups and capabilities Your one-stop guide to a career that will take you places If you thought that teaching a language that''s second nature to you would be easy, think again! Explaining grammar, or teaching correct pronunciation while simultaneously developing your own skills as a teacher can be a huge challenge.

  2. Integrating Indigenous Cultures into English Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barfield, Susan C.; Uzarski, Joelle

    2009-01-01

    One of the most important components of a culture is its language. With language, people not only expeditiously communicate; they also express their values, beliefs, and world views. When a language becomes extinct, a part of the cultural patrimony of humanity is lost. For linguists, this also means the loss of an opportunity for a better…

  3. Teaching English as an International Language and its Reflections in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Yesim Bektas-Cetinkaya

    2012-01-01

    In the field of English language teaching interest is growing in issues related to teaching English as an international language due to the rapidly changing status of English worldwide. This article identifies key theoretical issues, such as the spread of English, ownership of English, linguistic variation and intelligibility, and also discusses which variety of English to teach and the appropriateness of communicative language teaching methodology for teaching English as an international la...

  4. Incorporating English Language Teaching Through Science for K-2 Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanahan, Therese; Shea, Lauren M.

    2012-06-01

    English learners are faced with the dual challenge of acquiring English while learning academic content through the medium of the new language (Lee et al. in J Res Sci Teach 45(6):726-747, 2008; Stoddart et al. in J Res Sci Teach 39(8):664-687, 2002) and therefore need specific accommodations to achieve in both English and the content areas. Teachers require higher quality and new forms of professional development to learn and meet the needs of their students. This study examines the impact of one professional development model that explicitly embedded language learning strategies into science inquiry lessons. It also demonstrates how teachers involved in the PD program improve their self-efficacy about language instruction embedded in content and how they interpret and implement the methodology.

  5. ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING WITH AN ELECTRONIC CONCEPT MAPPING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdogan Tezc

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Educational technologies have contributed greatly to the improvement of the process of education. Besides contributing to education directly, the development in new technologies made it almost compulsory to bring new approaches in teaching methods. Among these contributions can be mentioned the application of Internet Technologies in teaching. There is an ever-increasing positive impact on learning of combining technological materials with teaching methods, or using them as teaching materials. Electronic concept mapping can be considered as a teaching method to raise motivation and meaningfulness with its features being contextual, visual, multi-dimensional and interactive. Concept maps are of significant structure in language teaching because of their cognitive complexity, coherence and taxonomic organization. As concepts are contextual in English, this will create an appropriate atmosphere for it to be learnt together with its phonetic and linguistic structure. In this study a model of e-concept maps has been used as an alternative teaching method.

  6. Using Public Speaking Tasks in English Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iberri-Shea, Gina

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide suggestions for using public speaking tasks in English language teaching (ELT) and to highlight some of their many advantages. For the purpose of this article, the author will focus on two types of these tasks: student presentations and debates. Student presentations may consist of either individual or…

  7. The use of English literature in the teaching of English as a second language

    OpenAIRE

    Diéguez Marcos, Miriam

    2014-01-01

    This MA dissertation focuses on the teaching of the English language through the use of literature. The main purpose is to use the literary text as a resource which enhances the acquisition of the foreign language by means of different activities that allow students the enjoyment of literature while they notice that there are other ways of learning English.

  8. The Relationship between Traditional English Grammar Teaching and Communicative Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhong-guo; Song, Min-yan

    2007-01-01

    This paper reconsiders the functions of the traditional English grammar teaching and the communicative language teaching. Through analysis and practice, we think that they are not opposed to each other. In order to improve the students' ability and gain better teaching results, the two kinds of teaching approaches should not be used respectively.…

  9. The “Whole Language” Theory and Its Application to the Teaching of English Reading

    OpenAIRE

    Pan Ling

    2012-01-01

    Based on a diagnosis of the problems in the traditional way of teaching English reading in China, this paper introduces the “whole language” theory and explores its application to the teaching of English reading. To begin with, it demonstrates the various problems in the teaching of English reading which severely prevent the improvement of English teaching. Then it introduces and elaborates on the “whole language” theory which brings new ideas and new methods to foreign language teaching. Fin...

  10. THE USE OF MULTI – MEDIA IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING

    OpenAIRE

    ARVIND VASANTRAO DESHMUKH

    2012-01-01

    Multimedia teaching method has been used in college English teaching wider and wider. It has contributed a lot to higher teaching quality. Chalk and Talk teaching method is not enough to teach English effectively. We should change our teaching ideas and recognize its impersonal attribute as one kind of teaching method. Thus we can utilize modern education technology reasonably to fulfill the target of college English teaching.

  11. Visual representations in portuguese produced english language teaching coursebooks

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolas Robert Hurst

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the role of illustrations in the context of English Language Teaching (ELT) coursebooks produced in Portugal. Taking illustrations to be one pilar in the construction of meaning through the representation of culture, the discussion shifts between their use over the last 35 years and their potential as a source of innovation and improvement in this area of ELT materials development. The central issue relates to the need for illustrations to perform s...

  12. Visual representations in portuguese produced english language teaching coursebooks

    OpenAIRE

    Hurst, Nicolas

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the role of illustrations in the context of English Language Teaching (ELT) coursebooks produced in Portugal. Taking illustrations to be one pilar in the construction of meaning throughthe representation of culture, the discussion shifts between their useover the last 35 years and their potential as a source of innovation andimprovement in this area of ELT materials development. The centralissue relates to the need for illustrations to perform something more thana decorati...

  13. Considering Emotions in Critical English Language Teaching Theories and Praxis

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    Benesch, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    Groundbreaking in the ways it makes new connections among emotion, critical theory, and pedagogy, this book explores the role of students' and teachers' emotions in college instruction, illuminating key literacy and identity issues faced by immigrant students learning English in postsecondary institutions. Offering a rich blend of, and interplay between, theory and practice, it asks: How have emotions and affect been theorized from a critical perspective, and how might these theories be applied to English language teaching and learning? What do complex and shifting emotions, such as hope, disa

  14. An Analysis of Spoken Language and Written Language and How They Affect English Language Learning and Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Bei Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Language plays a crucial role in the development of human society. It is the main means of communication between individuals, groups and countries. Nowadays in China, more and more people are learning English as a second language. What is the effective method of learning a foreign language becomes their chief concern. Basically speaking, four modules are involved in the process of second language acquisition. They are listening, reading, writing and speaking. In English language teaching and ...

  15. A Constructive Teaching Model in Learning Research Concept for English Language Teaching Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anwar, Khoirul

    2015-01-01

    This is a study to focus on analyzing the use of constructive teaching method toward the students' motivation in learning content subject of Introduction to Research of English Language Teaching. By using a mix-method of qualitative and quantitative analysis, the data are collected by using questionnaire and classroom observation. The…

  16. Do Peer Tutors Help Teach ESL Students to Learn English as a Second Language More Successfully?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyttle, LeighAnne

    2011-01-01

    This research study tries to understand the information processing model and social learning theory in regards to teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) to Spanish speakers by using peer teaching methods. This study will examine each theory's concepts and frameworks to better comprehend what teaching methods support English language learning.…

  17. Task-Based Language Teaching: Responses from Chinese Teachers of English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Ran

    2013-01-01

    The Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) method has been the proposed teaching method under the current national English curriculum since 2001. However, few studies have investigated in-service teachers' response to this proposed language teaching method. In this study, thirty public school English teachers were recruited in Beijing across school…

  18. A Suggested Syllabus for Advanced Writing Skills at English Language Teaching Departments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altay, Ismail Firat

    2010-01-01

    As is known, writing is an indispensable part of language education. As far as English Language Teaching Departments are concerned, writing courses, especially Advanced Writing Skills, are taken as a course of higher importance. However, forming a syllabus for Advanced Writing Course for English Language Teaching Departments is not an easy matter.…

  19. English Language Teaching and the Promotion of Academic Ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berrington Ntombela

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Institutions of higher learning carry a burden of inculcating a culture of academic ethical behaviour among students as part of their responsibility to produce citizens of high calibre. In fact, this burden is more expedient and pronounced because of aberrant behaviours such as cheating that can affect institutions’ credibility.   This paper therefore looks into potentially the prevalent attitude towards cheating among students in a University College in Oman. The research is carried out qualitatively through video recording a testing session and through unstructured interviews in order to gather evidence of cheating and to establish reasons why students cheat. Most importantly, it seeks to address this attitude by advocating the role that English Language Teaching (ELT plays in dealing with this problem. The main reasonbehind cheating, which seems to reflect the prevailing socio-cultural dimension, ishighlighted and measures to address the attitude are put forward.

  20. The "Whole Language" Theory and Its Application to the Teaching of English Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Pan

    2012-01-01

    Based on a diagnosis of the problems in the traditional way of teaching English reading in China, this paper introduces the "whole language" theory and explores its application to the teaching of English reading. To begin with, it demonstrates the various problems in the teaching of English reading which severely prevent the improvement…

  1. Factors Affecting English Language Teaching and Learning in Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Hong Thi Nguyen; Wendy Warren; Heather Fehring

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports part of a study that aims to explore factors affecting the efficacy of non-major English teaching and learning in Vietnamese higher education through an investigation of classroom practices. Eight non-participant class observations were conducted at HUTECH University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The study’s findings show that many factors hinder the quality of English teaching and learning: uninteresting teaching style; insufficient time for communicative activities; grammar...

  2. Teaching English as a Foreign Language: Some Ideas that Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aremo, Bolaji

    2003-01-01

    Describes experiences of being actively involved in the development of an English-as-a-Foreign-Language (EFL) program at Obafemi Awolowo University in Nigeria. The goal of the program is to help French-speaking students who have passed their baccalaureate in neighboring West African francophone countries to meet the English language requirement…

  3. Instructional Models and Strategies for Teaching English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moughamian, Ani C.; Rivera, Mabel O.; Francis, David J.

    2009-01-01

    This publication seeks to offer educators and policy-makers guidance on strategies that have been effective in instructing English language learners (ELLs). The authors begin by outlining key contextual factors that decision-makers should take into account when making instructional choices for English language learners, then follow with a brief…

  4. Transformative New Teaching: Adolescent English Language Learners' Multidimensional Language and Identity Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Namsook

    2011-01-01

    In the highest of need for a transformative new pedagogy with adolescent English Language Learners, I designed and conducted this qualitative case study to answer the questions on the in-depth meaning of innovative teaching practices in new times. Grounded in the sociocultural perspectives, and in accordance with the qualitative case study…

  5. Implications of Second Language Acquisition Theory for Business English Teaching in Current China

    OpenAIRE

    Wenzhong Zhu; Muchun Wan

    2015-01-01

    Second language acquisition (SLA) as a sub-branch of applied linguistics has been researched by Chinese and foreign scholars for over 40 years, but few researches have been done on its implications for Business English teaching which needs more language teaching theories to support. This paper makes a review of related studies, and puts forward a systematic framework of exploring the essential implications of second language acquisition theory for Business English teaching in current China ba...

  6. Role of New Emerging Technology in English Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Madhvi Rathore; Neha Singhvi

    2013-01-01

    English is a language which has vast scope and influences the whole personality of an individual. There is no doubt that English has become a universal language. Today language teachers are frequently making use of technology. The use of technology not only helps in improving the basic skills but also positively contributes in the development of high thinking skills. The use of technologies such as PowerPoint and interactive white board is attracting the students in classroom. Teachers can te...

  7. English as a Third Language - The teaching of English to bilingual children in Danish primary schools

    OpenAIRE

    Hodal, Trine

    2005-01-01

    In this report I wish to investigate whether or not bilingual children in Denmark are faced with specific challenges in the Danish primary school when learning English as a third language. My focus is bilingual children whose parents primarily speak a different mother tongue than Danish, which means that the children have learned Danish in institutional settings such as kindergarten and school. I am interested in looking into what specific challenges these children and especially their teache...

  8. Literature and English Language Teaching and Learning: A Symbiotic Relationship

    OpenAIRE

    Richard C. Ihejirika

    2014-01-01

    A close look at literature and language shows that the two are closely related. This close relationship is obvious because from all indications, literature presupposes language. It is inconceivable to discuss literature without reference to language. But going by the traditional practice at the secondary school level in Nigerian context, there are indications that Literature and English Language are treated as two separate school subjects. At the senior secondary school level, the subjects ar...

  9. The Effect of Using Arabic Language for Teaching English as a Foreign Language at Elementary Stage Schools in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dmour, Ahmad

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims at investigating the effect of using Arabic language for teaching English as a Foreign Language in a Jordanian context at elementary school stages in Al-Karak Directorate of Education. English language teachers usually intend to focus on using English in their classes, but they come across a big problem which is the lack of…

  10. An Exploration of English Language Teaching Pedagogy in Secondary Yemeni Education: A Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Yehia Ahmed Y. Al-Sohbani

    2013-01-01

    The teaching of English at the Yemeni public schools has been criticized as ineffective due to the poor level of the language competency of most school leavers though they spend six years studying English whose curriculum, according to Bose (2002), is largely based on the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT). In this respect, this paper mainly attempted to: 1) investigate Yemeni English teachers’ classroom teaching practices in secondary schools, (2) Explore the Yemeni teachers’ awareness of...

  11. Teacher Professional Development through Collaborative Action Research: Impact on Foreign English-Language Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banegas, Dario; Pavese, Anahi; Velazquez, Aurelia; Velez, Sandra Maria

    2013-01-01

    In 2011 we, a group of English-as-a-foreign-language teachers at a secondary school in Argentina, decided to investigate our teaching practices through collaborative action research so as to improve our students' learning opportunities and thus revitalise English-language teaching in our context. We implemented and evaluated the integration of…

  12. Teaching English Language Learners: 43 Strategies for Successful K-8 Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colombo, Michaela

    2011-01-01

    Ideal as a supplementary text for a variety of courses and as a guide for in-service teachers and for professional development settings, "Teaching English Language Learners: 43 Strategies for Successful K-8 Classrooms" provides teachers of all content areas with a broad, practical approach to teaching English language learners in the regular…

  13. Dilemmas and Paradoxes of English Language-and-Culture Teaching: Foreign or International?

    OpenAIRE

    Konieczna, Anna

    2007-01-01

    The article presents the many dilemmas concerning the status of English language-and-culture (as a conjoint phenomenon) and the approach to teach it in a non-native environment. It especially focuses on the alternatives of teaching English as a foreign or as an international language, pointing to the problems relating to the choice of any of these particular frameworks.

  14. Wuxing Theory Reflecting in English as Foreign Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Bulei Zuo

    2013-01-01

    The theory of five elements, the core of Chinese ancient philosophical framework is the holistic view of thinking as the simplest concept in Chinese traditional culture. Researches on this theory applied in linguistic study are still blank. This paper attempts, from the yin-yang perspective of five elements generated in foreign language teaching practice, to explain and demonstrate the correspondent relationship among five teaching elements in EFL, to explain the phenomenon of internal changi...

  15. The Impact of Using Technology in Teaching English as a Second Language

    OpenAIRE

    Bassma Basheer Nomass

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims to highlight the role of using modern technology in teaching English as a second language. It discusses different approaches and techniques which can assist English language students to improve their learning skills by using technology. Among these techniques are online English language learning web sites, computer assisted language learning programs, presentation software, electronic dictionaries, chatting and email messaging programs, listening CD-players, and learning video...

  16. Exploring the Meta-Pragmatic Realm in English Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConachy, Troy

    2013-01-01

    As the speakership of English worldwide continues to grow, English language teachers are required to devise ways to prepare their learners for communicating successfully across cultures. As pragmatics is particularly tied up with culture, the ways in which individuals from different cultures will orient to pragmatic phenomena in their interaction…

  17. Literature in the teaching of English as a foreing language

    OpenAIRE

    Elliott de Riverol, Jenny

    1991-01-01

    This paper secks to examine the place of literature in the foreign language class and looks at the enrichening effect its use has, both from a cultural and linguistic viewpoint. Examples given will be mainly from personal experience gained from teaching adult Spanish speakers.

  18. Learning How to Focus on Language While Teaching Mathematics to English Language Learners: A Case Study of Courtney

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chval, Kathryn B.; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Thomas, Amanda

    2015-01-01

    Research in mathematics education increasingly recognizes the role of language in the education of English language learners. However, research examining the professional growth of mathematics teachers as they learn to teach English language learners is sparse. This case study addresses this issue by examining one third grade teacher as she…

  19. Learning how to focus on language while teaching mathematics to English language learners: a case study of Courtney

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chval, Kathryn B.; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Thomas, Amanda

    2015-03-01

    Research in mathematics education increasingly recognizes the role of language in the education of English language learners. However, research examining the professional growth of mathematics teachers as they learn to teach English language learners is sparse. This case study addresses this issue by examining one third grade teacher as she learned how to focus on language as she designed and taught mathematics lessons to facilitate the participation of English language learners. Data sources consist of audio recordings of interviews, lesson planning sessions, and lesson debrief sessions as well as video recordings of mathematics lessons. The results from this study demonstrate the importance of professional development that emphasizes language in the teaching of mathematics. As the teacher began to learn about the components of the intervention, she developed specialized knowledge and competencies so that she was able to address language planning and development that was necessary to successfully teach mathematics to English language learners.

  20. English Language Teaching at Secondary School Level in Bangladesh: An Overview of the Implementation of Communicative Language Teaching Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Sofe

    2012-01-01

    The concept of globalization has brought dynamism in each aspect of the world. The changes have also touched the field of English language teaching (ELT) throughout the world. Bangladesh is no more far from that transformation. It has already attempted to the innovation of ELT. The country has moved from long term-practiced Grammar Translation…

  1. An Analysis of Spoken Language and Written Language and How They Affect English Language Learning and Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bei Zhang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Language plays a crucial role in the development of human society. It is the main means of communication between individuals, groups and countries. Nowadays in China, more and more people are learning English as a second language. What is the effective method of learning a foreign language becomes their chief concern. Basically speaking, four modules are involved in the process of second language acquisition. They are listening, reading, writing and speaking. In English language teaching and learning, mastering these four modules means a lot. Speaking and writing skills, as the productive modules, are usually more difficult for learners. In this essay, from the origin and functions of language, the correlation and disparities between speaking and writing skills are analyzed and possible ways of improving these two skills in second language acquisition are explored and suggested.

  2. Moodling English Language Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coskun, Abdullah; Arslan, Abdullah

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to emphasize the importance of using Moodle in foreign language learning and teaching by reviewing relevant literature and introducing a Moodle-based environment aiming to help English learners to practice their English by themselves. Firstly, the use of Moodle in education and more specifically in English Language Teaching is…

  3. Teaching Short Stories to Students of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) at Tertiary Level

    OpenAIRE

    Wing Bo Tso, Anna

    2014-01-01

    Tertiary English Language teachers often tend to focus on teaching vocational English skills, improving students’ grammatical structure, vocabulary and other standard forms of linguistic expression. Unabridged and authentic literary texts are seldom introduced to the language classroom, either because most teachers see literature as difficult or inappropriate for teaching English (Savvidou, 2004), or that foreign students at the tertiary level are not interested in pure academic and literary ...

  4. Empirical Study on the Integration of Native Culture in English Language Teaching for Non-English Majors in China

    OpenAIRE

    Cui-ping Han

    2012-01-01

    The study consists of surveys concerning Chinese culture in English language teaching, which reveal the insufficiency of the input of native culture, the insufficiency of the non-English majors’ ability to express Chinese culture in English and the students’ attitude toward such insufficiency. Based on the results and analysis, it explores reasons leading to this phenomenon, elaborates the necessity of integrating native culture, and offers some suggestions on English teaching practice. By ad...

  5. Sociolinguistic Approach In English Language Teaching: A Critical Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhulika

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Today, English is recognized as an associate official language of the Union of India. It is the only language which is a window to the world of knowledge for Indians. In every sphere of life whether social, political, academic, cultural or economic, it holds a significant value. It has played a very important role in building modern India. It enjoys a previleged position. Higher Education in science, medicine, engineering, technology etc. is not possible without English. Higher studies in any discipline are not possible without English. In this era of Information Communication Technology, and the Internet, no country can afford to live without English. It is essential for e-education, e-learning, e-commerce and e-governance. English has become an international asset which can be called world English. English is spoken and understood all over the globe, so it has got international importance. Naturally its popularity on the basis of its utility all over the globe determines its strength. It is through English that we can establish political, cultural, intellectual and economic relations with the rest of the world. It is the means of international communication. After the initial turmoil and resistance against continuing English in India, there is a shift in the attitude of Indians who now recognize the significance of English for national growth.

  6. Semiotic Approach and Its Contributions to English Language Learning and Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sert, Olcay

    2006-01-01

    Semiotics is a progressing and promising discipline with its applications in many fields of study. As a bridge between semiotics and foreign language teaching (FLT), educational semiotics has started to attract attention of many scholars, English Language Teaching (ELT) instructors and teachers all over the world. It is obvious that the…

  7. Non-native educators in English language teaching

    CERN Document Server

    Braine, George

    2013-01-01

    The place of native and non-native speakers in the role of English teachers has probably been an issue ever since English was taught internationally. Although ESL and EFL literature is awash, in fact dependent upon, the scrutiny of non-native learners, interest in non-native academics and teachers is fairly new. Until recently, the voices of non-native speakers articulating their own concerns have been even rarer. This book is a response to this notable vacuum in the ELT literature, providing a forum for language educators from diverse geographical origins and language backgrounds. In additio

  8. English Language Teaching in Japan: Policy Plans and Their Implementations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honna, Nobuyuki; Takeshita, Yuko

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes Japan's most recent attempts to improve English teaching and learning at all levels of the education system both for students and teachers as well as for the public in general. Based on policy recommendations by several advisory committees, the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology has…

  9. Corpus Linguistics, the World Wide Web, and English Language Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles F. Meyer

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available This article explores how the Web can serve as a resource for teaching modality in English to prospective teachers of ESL, EFL and ESP. The first section demonstrates how texts taken from two different registers on the Web can be used to teach epistemic modality (e.g. how modal verbs such as may and could express notions of probability and certainty. The second section explores how the Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English (MICASE can be searched to study deontic modality, specifically how the expressions should and might want to are used by teachers and advisors to give advice to students. The discussion demonstrates that teaching grammar is most effective when it is based on real data rather than contrived and decontextualized examples in grammar books.

  10. Application of Team Teaching in the English Language Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ken-Maduako, Ibiere; Oyatogun, Aituari Taiwo

    2015-01-01

    This paper strives to ascertain the use of teamwork as an instructional strategy in an English language lesson, in a typical Nigerian classroom. Teamwork is the ability of people to work together to achieve a common purpose and team players are the high achievers in the team whose main preoccupation is to see that teams achieve their stated…

  11. Complete English as a Foreign Language Teach Yourself

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    Stevens, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    The best-selling complete course for a fun and effective way to learn English as a foreign language. This ISBN is for the paperback book. The corresponding audio support (ISBN: 9781444105483) is also available. The book and audio support can also be purchased as a pack (ISBN: 9781444102376).

  12. English Teaching and Learning in Brazilian Regular Schools and Language Schools: A Study on Teachers' Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fragozo, Carina Silva; Monawar, Mônica Deitos Stedile

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to diagnose, through a qualitative comparative study, the main differences concerning the teaching of English in Brazilian regular schools when compared to language schools. There has been a growing tendency of students to attend language schools while still having English classes at their regular schools, and this has led to a lot…

  13. English Language Teaching in Brunei: A View through a Critical Lens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Clayton

    2011-01-01

    The small sultanate of Brunei, located on the island of Borneo in the South China Sea, introduced bilingual education shortly after independence. As a consequence, Brunei's Ministry of Education outsourced much of its English language teaching requirements to qualified expatriate teachers. Despite over 25 years of systemic English language…

  14. Teaching English as a Global Language in Smart Classrooms with PowerPoint Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oommen, Abraham

    2012-01-01

    The current study, as part of an ongoing investigation to examine teacher perceptions about the teaching of English as a global language at the tertiary level education, aims at examining learner perceptions about PowerPoint presentations used in English classroom instruction for enhancement and integration of four language skills and effective…

  15. The Physical and Technical Characteristics of English Language Teaching Courseware in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukundan, Jayakaran; Nimehchisalem, Vahid; Sayadian, Sima

    2012-01-01

    The present paper reports the findings of a study that investigated the physical and technical characteristics of the English language teaching courseware in Malaysia. A randomly selected group of English language teachers in Malaysia (n = 200) were surveyed to evaluate the courseware. SPSS (18.0) was applied to analyze the data. The results…

  16. Teaching Social Studies for Newcomer English Language Learners: Toward Culturally Relevant Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Yoonjung

    2013-01-01

    Through this case study the author explores how an exemplary teacher utilized social studies curriculum and pedagogy to engage English language learners (ELLs) in learning in a culturally relevant and meaningful way and discusses practical implications for teaching and learning.

  17. Challenges in Implementing Competency-based English Language Teaching at University Level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelika Riyandari

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Competency-based curriculum has been widely implemented by many higher institutions in Indonesia. It is expected that the competency-based curriculum, which puts more emphasis on the needs of job market, prepare students for specified tasks. Competency in a general sense can be seen from the task performance. English language competency is one of the basic competencies which should be acquired by a university graduate in order to enter international market and survive the global competition. The institution which offers English language as part of their curriculum must answer the demand for an English language competent graduate by preparing the best way to teach the language. This article examines the steps to develop a competency-based English language teaching where student's attitude and achievement comprise the important segments of evaluation. It focuses on the challenges, which will probably be faced by the teachers in implementing this competency-based teaching at the university level.

  18. Sino-English Culture Difference and Teaching in Foreign Language Education

    OpenAIRE

    Shuying An

    2011-01-01

    In the foreign education, the importance of teaching of foreign culture has been widely recognized. How to teach culture in foreign language education is faced by language educators all over the world. The question is very complicated since the answer relies on our understanding of the relation between the home culture and foreign culture, the relation between language and culture. This article deals with the deep connotation of English culture. It sets forth the differences between Chinese a...

  19. Teaching English as a Global Language in Smart Classrooms with PowerPoint Presentation

    OpenAIRE

    Abraham Oommen

    2012-01-01

    The current study, as part of an ongoing investigation to examine teacher perceptions about the teaching of English as a global language at the tertiary level education, aims at examining learner perceptions about PowerPoint presentations used in English classroom instruction for enhancement and integration of four language skills and effective use of PowerPoint presentation as a teaching technique in smart classroom settings. A classroom action research and a questionnaire survey were conduc...

  20. Exploration in Language Didactics and in Teachers' Pedagogical Thinking : Secondary School Language Teachers' Conceptions and Methods of Teaching English as a Second Language in Cameroon

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson Longfor, Rita Waye

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe, analyse and interpret secondary school language teachers conceptions and methods of teaching English as a second language in Cameroon, the justification of their methods and how they scaffolded their students study processes. This was investigated through the following three research questions: (1) What are the main language teaching methods of Cameroon teachers of English as a second language? (2) In what ways do Cameroon teachers of English as a seco...

  1. Teaching and Learning English in Tanzania: Blessing or Curse? A Practical Review of Phan Le Ha's Teaching English as an International Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mtallo, Godson Robert

    2015-01-01

    This paper is inspired by the work of Phan Le Ha (2008) in her book titled Teaching English as an International Language: Identity, Resistance, and Negotiation in which she presented the way English language is taught in Vietnam and the emergence of conflicting classes of western-trained Vietnamese teachers of English versus non western trained…

  2. INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUES OF TEACHING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE IN INDIA

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    Balaji Natkare

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In India English is taught as a second or foreign language. Therefore, teaching English is an Iindispensible topic because it is impossible to commutate effectively with all class of people across the country without English. As English is the language of global communication, it is inevitable to look it from the linguistic and pedagogic points of view across the countries where English non-native language. Keeping all these features and functions of English in mind, the present paper aims to provide some solutions to overcome the problems of the new learners of English language in rural India. It will prove a path-paving step to acquire the fluency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. If a beginner pays sufficient attention towards the suggestions suggested in the present research paper, no doubt he will come out as a good user of the English language .

  3. Teaching and Learning English-as-a-Second / Foreign Language through Mother Tongue: A Field Study

    OpenAIRE

    Basel Al-Sheikh Hussein

    2013-01-01

    The underlying study aims to investigate and analyze the actual reasons, attitudes, and purposes behind the use of the mother tongue (Arabic) in teaching English-as-a-second language to Arab students attending English courses as a university compulsory requirement for the study of English language and literature at Jordanian private and government-aided universities. To achieve this goal, the researcher analyzed data he collected from classroom observation at three different private universit...

  4. Teaching English Language Arts to Francophone Program Students, Grades 3 to 9: Bridging the Francais and English Language Arts (ELA) Programs of Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    This document is the first in a 3-part collection titled "Teaching English Language Arts (ELA) to Francophone Program Students" to be used primarily by ELA teachers in their efforts to ensure that francophone program students build on their established French language skills when learning English. It is designed to show that a strong correlation…

  5. An Evaluative Study of Some Online Websites for Learning and Teaching English as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aly, Mahsoub Abdul-Sadeq

    2008-01-01

    Although there are many websites designed and published on the Internet for learning and teaching English, little use of them is done by both Egyptian EFL teachers and students. The textbook is usually their main concern and focus. That is why the present study draws more light on the importance of language teaching and learning websites and…

  6. Use of Vietnamese in English Language Teaching in Vietnam: Attitudes of Vietnamese University Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anh, Kieu Hang Kim

    2012-01-01

    Drawing upon the literature on the history of the language teaching methods focusing on the use of L1 in L2 teaching, the debate surrounding the role of L1 in the L2 classroom in general and in the English classroom in particular and recent studies of the issue, this article presents at its core a study that investigated the attitudes of…

  7. Prospective Teacher Concerns: A Comparative Study of Departments of English Language Teaching and Language and Literature

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    mustafa naci kayao?lu

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Language teachers in Turkey do not take a standard pre-service education as graduates of English Language Teaching (ELT, linguistics, and translation departments all end up with language teaching profession and this, in turn, results in different teaching needs and concerns. The researchers argue that these different concerns may be one of the underlying causes of chronic language education problems in Turkey, in that Turkish Ministry of National Education does not take into consideration the comparative picture of practicing teachers and composes curricula, teaching materials, and compulsory one-shot professional development activities that all reflect “one size fits all” ideology. Therefore, determining the needs and concerns of pre-service language teachers is of vital importance. The current study has arisen from Griffith’s (2012 call for more larger-scale studies on teacher concerns across different contexts via triangulation. The researchers aim at not only investigating teacher concerns but also painting a much detailed comparative picture between ELT and linguistics department prospective teachers. The researchers target convenience sampling, in the full knowledge that this group will not represent the whole population. However, this type of non-probability sampling can serve well when it is easy to gather much informative data. Building on the recent work of Griffiths (2012, the researchers have modified and extended the existing measurement tool of Griffiths (2012 to investigate the issue much deeper and compensate the caveats. They adapted her instrument and asked the participants to add their thoughts as well as deciding their concern level. The results are mainly in line with the referred study in terms of the rating and frequency. The study reveals that there are some differences between the concerns of ELT department students and language and literature department students. While prospective teachers studying at the ELTdepartment were found to be highly concerned about technology, their counterparts studying at the langauge and literature department were not interested in the issue. The study also reveals that despite EIL’s large space in the literature (Cogo, 2012; Sowden, 2012, it was not found as a major concern for the prospective teachers. Methodology was also the least rated concern for the prospective teachers at both departments on the contrary to the well-accepted literature.

  8. A Socio-Political View of English Language Teaching in the Chinese Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yaying

    2008-01-01

    In spite of the urgent need for research into the socio-political contexts of the teaching and learning of English as a second/foreign language, the predominant paradigm of inquiry into EFL in the Chinese context still focuses on the functional aspects of second language education. In order to provide a critical understanding of the larger context…

  9. Internet-Assisted Technologies for English Language Teaching in Turkish Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celik, Serkan

    2013-01-01

    Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL…

  10. Genre-Based Language Teaching Approach & University English Teaching for Different Majors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong YANG

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Through the introduction and comparative analysis on the Grammar Translation Method and Communicative Approach, the present paper proposes that under the current Chinese educational circumstances, the two methods should be localized in order to adjust to the characteristics of Chinese college English classroom teaching. By combination and further perfection, the Grammar Translation Method and Communicative Approach can serve as college English classroom teaching methods with outstanding Chinese characteristics, which enable the students to improve their language competence and communicative competence, thus the transfer from teacher-centeredness and student-centeredness to learning-centeredness can be achieved.
    Key words: The Grammar Translation Method, The Communicative Approach, College English Classroom Teaching
    Résumé: A travers la présentation et la comparaison de la traduction grammaticale et de la communication, le présent article propose qu’il faut contextualiser ces deux méthodes pour les adapter à l’E/A de l’anglais universitaire chinois et aux étudiants chinois tout en accentuant la caractéristique chinoise. Ces deux méthodes, après la combinaison, le greffage, l’amélioration, pourraient devenir la méthodologie d’E/A de l’anglais universitaire à la chinoise, qui contribuera à élever le niveau linguistique et communicatif des étudiants et à réaliser la transition du centrage sur l’enseignant et l’étudiant au centrage sur l’étude.
    Mots-clés: traduction grammaticale, communication, E/A de l’anglais universitaire
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  11. A Research on Second Language Acquisition and College English Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Changyu Li

    2009-01-01

    It was in 1970s that American linguist S.D. Krashen created the theory of “language acquisition”. And the theories on second language acquisition were proposed based on the study on the second language acquisition process and its rules. Here, the second language acquisition process refers to the process in which a learner with the mastery of his mother language learns another language without its social environment. Due to the close relationship between second language acquisition research an...

  12. A Socio-Political View of English Language Teaching in the Chinese Context

    OpenAIRE

    Yaying Zhang

    2008-01-01

    In spite of the urgent need for research into the socio-political contexts of the teaching and learning of English as a second/foreign language, the predominant paradigm of inquiry into EFL in the Chinese context still focuses on the functional aspects of second language education. In order to provide a critical understanding of the larger context of the hegemony of “global English,” this paper examines the teaching and learning of English in China as an integral part of the politics of the g...

  13. English Language Teaching at Expenses of Thai Language Teaching for Urban Refugee Language Learners in Thailand: Social Inequalities Related to What Languages to Teach

    OpenAIRE

    Hugo Yu-Hsiu Lee

    2011-01-01

    This inquiry on young refugee language learners presents findings that have been yielded from an empirical study and conducted over a period of 8 months in Thailand. This study took an angle in multidisciplinary fields of language teaching by examining socio-economic inequalities occurred to urban refugee children and adolescents resulted from their formal schooling interruption as closely in relation to what languages are taught in their humanitarian based language learning programs. A centr...

  14. The Effect of Teaching English Phonotactics on the Lexical Segmentation of English as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-jasser, Faisal

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on an intervention study which investigated the effect of teaching English phonotactics upon Arabic speakers' lexical segmentation of running speech in English. The study involved a native English-speaking group (N = 12), a non-native control group (N = 20); and a non-native experimental group (N = 20). Each group was pre-tested…

  15. Positive Transfer Samples from the Bridge Language English in Learning and Teaching German

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin ARAK

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available It has been observed that the teaching and learning of a second foreign language (L3 in Turkey has gradually gained great importance recently. Studies on this subject are more based on methodological approaches. Our study focuses on the reasons why English - thaught as second language- should be taken into consideration while teaching German as a third language. This has been achieved by using a comperative methodology. The most crucial side of this study is showing how to facilitate learning German language by making positive transfer from English comperatively.As the result of this comperative study, it was concluded that similar structures initially have to be studied in order to transfer between two relative European languages. It should also be kept in mind that this comperative study will result in gaps- that is no matching between the languages in question. Since there are no articles in the Turkish language, it is thought that a comperative study on this subject between the two European languages will be of greater use in teaching german to Turkish students. English which has been the first foreign language taught in Turkey is of utmost use in serving as language bridge between German and Turkish.

  16. Computer versus Paper-Based Reading: A Case Study in English Language Teaching Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solak, Ekrem

    2014-01-01

    This research aims to determine the preference of prospective English teachers in performing computer and paper-based reading tasks and to what extent computer and paper-based reading influence their reading speed, accuracy and comprehension. The research was conducted at a State run University, English Language Teaching Department in Turkey. The…

  17. Teaching English to Young Learners as a Foreign Language: Using the Multiple Intelligences Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Sar?göz, ?skender Hakk?; Gazi Üniversitesi, Gazi E?itim Fakültesi, Yabanc? Diller E?itimi Bölümü

    2003-01-01

    Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) programs for young learners have different dimensions. Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory developed by H. Gardner (1983, 1993) brings a new perspective to lesson design. Teaching plans prepared considering the differences described in Ml theory may enable teachers to design teaching in a better way which will appeal to every student in the class. This study discusses the contribution of MI to TEFL by giving examples of lesson outlines prepared in ...

  18. A Diagnosis of English Language Teaching in Public Elementary Schools in Pasto, Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Jesús Alirio Bastidas; Gaby Muñoz Ibarra

    2011-01-01

    English teaching in Colombian primary schools became a requirement because of the promulgation of the Law of Education in 1994. Taking into account that this decision produced some difficulties in the schools, a study was conducted to diagnose the state of English language teaching in primary schools in Pasto, Colombia. Data were gathered through classroom observation, a questionnaire, and interviews. The results showed that teachers are not well versed either in methodology or in the command...

  19. The Cognitive Study of Metaphor and its Application in English Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Hong-mei SUN

    2010-01-01

    Metaphor in cognitive linguistics is not only a rhetorical device, but an important mental facility and cognitive instrument. Metaphors provide people a new perspective of perceiving the world and the application of cognitive theories of metaphor creates a new field of research to English teaching. After a brief analysis of the cognitive view on metaphor, this paper mainly focuses on how to apply the cognitive theories of metaphor to English language teaching.
    Key wor...

  20. The Physical and Technical Characteristics of English Language Teaching Courseware in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Jayakaran Mukundan; Vahid Nimehchisalem; Sima Sayadian

    2012-01-01

    The present paper reports the findings of a study that investigated the physical and technical characteristics of the English language teaching courseware in Malaysia. A randomly selected group of English language teachers in Malaysia (n=200) were surveyed to evaluate the courseware. SPSS (18.0) was applied to analyze the data. The results showed that the teachers consider the technical and physical characteristics of the courseware (its technological sophistication and user-friendliness amon...

  1. Content-based Instruction in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language

    OpenAIRE

    Tsiplakides Iakovos; Fragoulis Iosif; Keramida Areti

    2011-01-01

    Content-based instruction has gained widespread popularity in second and foreign language teaching. However, despite its reported benefits, many English teachers do not fully exploit its content and language learning benefits. In addition, there are relatively few studies which provide a theoretical foundation for content-based instruction and offer practical suggestions for its integration in EFL settings.This article aims to link theory to practice, and to help English teachers maximize the...

  2. Teaching grammar, structure and meaning exploring theory and practice for post-16 English language teachers

    CERN Document Server

    Giovanelli, Marcello

    2014-01-01

    Teaching Grammar, Structure and Meaning introduces teachers to some basic ideas from the increasingly popular field of cognitive linguistics as a way of explaining and teaching key grammatical concepts. Particularly suitable for those teaching post-16 English Language, this book offers a methodology for teaching key aspects of linguistic form and an extensive set of learning activities. Written by an experienced linguist and teacher, this book contains:· an evaluation of current approaches to the teaching of grammar and linguistic form· a revised pedagogy based on principles from cognitive sci

  3. A Research on Second Language Acquisition and College English Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Changyu

    2009-01-01

    It was in the 1970s that American linguist S.D. Krashen created the theory of "language acquisition". The theories on second language acquisition were proposed based on the study on the second language acquisition process and its rules. Here, the second language acquisition process refers to the process in which a learner with the…

  4. THE USE OF CASE STUDIES IN THE BUSINESS ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Strelchonok

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper is concerned with methodological aspects of using Case studies in Business English language teaching at University level. It emphasizes the benefits and opportunities of the Case study method as well as the role Case studies play in practicing and developing language, business communication and managerial skills. The paper analyses Case study as an example of Task-Based Learning (TBL method which focuses on communicative approach towards problem solving tasks presented in authentic Case studies. The paper deals with language and subject matter integration in the creation and implementation of Case studies in the Business English classroom which involves collaborative work of English language and subject matter lecturers. The integrated approach strengthens both students’ subject matter knowledge and language competence. The result of lecturer collaboration is the creation of Case study “Rukisu teja” which is based on a real Latvian family-run business and can be incorporated into both Business English and Entrepreneurship courses.

  5. ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING WITH AN ELECTRONIC CONCEPT MAPPING

    OpenAIRE

    Erdogan Tezc; Cihad Demirli; Vahit Sapar

    2007-01-01

    Educational technologies have contributed greatly to the improvement of the process of education. Besides contributing to education directly, the development in new technologies made it almost compulsory to bring new approaches in teaching methods. Among these contributions can be mentioned the application of Internet Technologies in teaching. There is an ever-increasing positive impact on learning of combining technological materials with teaching methods, or using them as teaching materials...

  6. English Teaching Profile: Algeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    A survey of the status and use of the English language in Algeria is presented. The following topics are outlined: (1) the role of English as a third language, (2) its place within the educational system at all levels and in each graduate institution, (3) the status of British expatriates teaching English in Algeria and of Algerian teachers of…

  7. Submission Letters across English Language Teaching and Mathematics: The Case of Iranian Professionals

    OpenAIRE

    Alireza Jalilifar

    2009-01-01

    Submitting an article to an English journal for publication requires enclosing an accompanying cover letter. Yet, the phraseology and rhetorical conventions of such letters are not comprehensively documented in literature. This article investigates two English corpora of genuine electronic submission letters to journal editors by Iranian English Language Teaching and Mathematics professionals. After gathering 200 e-mail correspondences of academics with journal editors worldwide, 60 messages ...

  8. Accommodating Taboo Language in English Language Teaching: Issues of Appropriacy and Authenticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liyanage, Indika; Walker, Tony; Bartlett, Brendan; Guo, Xuhong

    2015-01-01

    Culturally specific language practices related to vernacular uses of taboo language such as swearing represent a socially communicative minefield for learners of English. The role of classroom learning experiences to prepare learners for negotiation of taboo language use in social interactions is correspondingly complicated and ignored in much of…

  9. A Diagnosis of English Language Teaching in Public Elementary Schools in Pasto, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Alirio Bastidas

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available English teaching in Colombian primary schools became a requirement because of the promulgation of the Law of Education in 1994. Taking into account that this decision produced some difficulties in the schools, a study was conducted to diagnose the state of English language teaching in primary schools in Pasto, Colombia. Data were gathered through classroom observation, a questionnaire, and interviews. The results showed that teachers are not well versed either in methodology or in the command of the English language; there was no English syllabus; didactic materials were nonexistent; and the children’s lack of motivation was the most critical problem. Teachers, institutions and the government have to take into account these findings in order to improve English learning in primary schools.

  10. Using English Language to Teach ICT Courses in Selected Malaysian Secondary Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaenab S. Abdul Majeed

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to investigate the situation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT course taught in English language in secondary schools in Pahang, Malaysia. From a social point of view the study examines teachers’ attitude towards and applications of computer to further reveal the chances of their use of English language in the classroom. The objective data is collected from school teachers by using questionnaires and interviews. The data analysis is conducted through T-test the statistic results show that a good master of computer skills, a good knowledge of English language, more vitally, a clear awareness of the importance from the perspective of teachers, facilitate the teaching of computers in English language in the classroom. Thus, it suggests that in order to successfully integrate computers in education, the education system needs to be changed or to be adjusted accordingly.

  11. Using humour in teaching English as a foreign language at more advanced levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prodanovi?-Stanki? Diana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The unique properties of humour make it a valuable tool in the process of teaching and acquiring English as a foreign language, especially when more advanced courses at the university level are concerned. In the first place, using humour based on language play (involving different aspects of linguistic structure in a variety of teaching materials can be very beneficial to helping students improve their ability with language structures. Moreover, it is important that students develop an awareness of humour that is related to culture in order to achieve better command of English. In order to determine the effect humour has on students’ level of attainment, a small-scale study was conducted at the English Department, University of Novi Sad in the course Integrated Language Skills. In the study, humour was used both as a tool, to improve the learning environment, and as a resource for teaching new vocabulary or revising grammatical structures. The results of the study indicate that humour can be applied to teaching a foreign language and improving students’ proficiency level. Moreover, using humour both as a tool and as a resource affected students’ motivation and willingness to study.

  12. THE USE OF CASE STUDIES IN THE BUSINESS ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING

    OpenAIRE

    Angela Strelchonok; Iveta Ludviga

    2013-01-01

    The paper is concerned with methodological aspects of using Case studies in Business English language teaching at University level. It emphasizes the benefits and opportunities of the Case study method as well as the role Case studies play in practicing and developing language, business communication and managerial skills. The paper analyses Case study as an example of Task-Based Learning (TBL) method which focuses on communicative approach towards problem solving tasks presented in authentic...

  13. Open the door to English with your native language : the role of the mother tongue in English language teaching in China

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Tong

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation explores one of the most fundamental but controversial issues in foreign language teaching (FLT) – the role of the learners’ mother tongue (MT)/first language in foreign language (FL) classrooms – with a special focus on the FLT situations in China. The monolingual approach or the English-only approach, which excludes learners’ MT from FL classrooms, is currently dominating the mainstream thinking in FLT. However, evidence presented in this study suggests that the MT is crit...

  14. The Teaching and Learning of English as an Additional Language in Primary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Withey, Linda

    2012-01-01

    The article seeks to investigate the methods of teaching and learning English as an additional language in primary education, and to identify the most appropriate and effective means of achieving this. The study tracks a cohort of children from reception to Year 2. Data collection draws on the strengths of both qualitative and quantitative…

  15. Research in English Language Teaching and Learning in Israel (2004-2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronin, Larissa; Spolsky, Bernard

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this article is to make research on English language teaching and learning published locally in Israel more widely available. Given that so many Israeli researchers are internationally trained and maintain wide connections, it necessarily omits much important work that appears in European and US journals. It focuses on shorter studies,…

  16. Policies and Practices of the Doctoral Programs in English Language Teaching in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozmen, Kemal Sinan; Kinik, Betul

    2015-01-01

    The present review focuses on the doctoral programs and dissertations in the field of English language teaching between the period 2010 and 2015 in Turkey to reveal how the latest reforms on higher education shaped the programs, supervisors, students and dissertations. This research focus requires immediate attention as there is not yet an…

  17. Critical Literacies and Graphic Novels for English-Language Learners: Teaching "Maus"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chun, Christian W.

    2009-01-01

    Graphic novels can be used in the secondary school classroom as part of a multiliteracies approach to help develop critical literacies of English-language learner (ELL) students. One particular graphic novel, "Maus," is discussed as a possible teaching resource. Intellectually substantive graphic novels that foreground racism and immigrant…

  18. Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) Academics' Perceptions about Research in a Transitional Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Research capacity building has become a prominent theme in higher education institutions in China and across the world. However, Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language academics' research output has been quite limited. In order to build their research capacity, it is necessary to understand their perceptions about research. This case study…

  19. A Passage from Linguistics to English Language Teaching: Students' Experiences and Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogeyik, Muhlise Cosgun

    2010-01-01

    Linguistic courses in ELT (English Language Teaching) departments, in some ways, may create obstacles due to their firm theoretical framework. Therefore, this study is concerned with the main problems for the students taking linguistic courses in ELT Department at Trakya University in Turkey. The purpose of the study is to investigate the…

  20. Successful Strategies for Teaching Reading to Middle Grades English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolos, Nicole

    2012-01-01

    The author reviews exemplary strategies for teaching reading to middle grades English language learners (ELLs) derived from 21 peer-reviewed journal articles and professional books. The author presents an in-depth look at three successful categories of reading strategies: interactive read-alouds to model fluent reading and engage learners, the…

  1. Challenges of Employing E-Learning for Teaching Language: A Case of Teaching English in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alizadeh, Iman

    2012-01-01

    The whole thrust of this study was to delve into some of the pedagogical and practical challenges intimately related to employing e-learning for teaching language. To this aim, 30 language learners targeted as the subjects of the study were randomly assigned into experimental and control groups after administering a pretest. One the one hand, the…

  2. CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS AND MEANING IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING

    OpenAIRE

    Harits Masduqi

    2011-01-01

    Many ELT experts believe that the inclusion of critical thinking skills in English classes is necessary to improve students’ English competence. Students’ critical thinking skills will be optimally increased if meaning is prioritized in English lessons. Those two inter-related elements can be implemented when teachers do collaborative activities stimulating students’ thinking process and meaning negotiation. Yet, the realization might be counter-productive if they are applied without careful ...

  3. The Evolution of English Language Teaching during Societal Transition in Finland--A Mutual Relationship or a Distinctive Process?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaatinen, Riitta; Saarivirta, Toni

    2014-01-01

    This study describes the evolution of English language teaching in Finland and looks into the connections of the societal and educational changes in the country as explanatory factors in the process. The results of the study show that the language teaching methodology and the status of foreign languages in Finland are clearly connected to the…

  4. Ecolinguistic approach to foreign language teaching on the example of English

    OpenAIRE

    WIERTLEWSKA, JANINA

    2011-01-01

    The paper deals with the problem of balance maintenance of natural languages in the context of foreign language teaching. A new paradigm of foreign language teaching in the following triad: native language – global language – second foreign language is proposed. Translingualism is treated as the only means of maintaining linguistic balance between natural languages viewed from an ecolinguistic perspective.

  5. Trends in Foreign-Language Teaching with Implications for the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ney, James W.

    1980-01-01

    Discusses the implications for language teaching of Chomskyean and transformational theory. The notions of deep structure, linguistic theory building, and inutility of a corpus are far less interesting than the view of language as rule-governed behavior and language learning as hypothesis-testing. Rationalist v behaviorist theories are discussed.…

  6. Using Original Methods in Teaching English Language to Foreign Students (Chinese) in Indian Classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Devimeenakshi. K.; C. N. Baby Maheswari

    2012-01-01

    The article gives information on English language teaching schemes in Indian classrooms for foreign students. The teacher monitors as facilitator and instructor. The trainees were trained in the four macro skills, LSRW. I taught some topics in three skills, namely, writing, listening and reading (just three, not speaking skills) to Chinese students in VIT University. The other skill speaking was trained by other teachers among the four. Students were trained to listen to English words and pa...

  7. Reflections on english language teaching and bilingualism in colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Truscott de Mejía, Anne Marie

    2012-01-01

    According to an article published by one of the leading British newspapers The Daily Telegraph, (27 October, 2010)“Leaders of India's low-caste Dalits are to celebrate the opening of a temple shaped like a desktop computer to inspire "untouchable" children to improve their prospects in life by learning English,”believing that learning English will open up new opportunities for India's 160 million Dalits in higher education and high-status government careers. This is mirrored by the assumption...

  8. Research on English Language Teaching Practice in Open Distance Learning

    OpenAIRE

    Yingling Gu

    2011-01-01

    A new stage of development for modern distance education has been entered in China. The main signs are: One of the main tasks is a Plan of Action for the revitalization on modern distance education project as the 21st century education; the project of open educational pilot has been implemented by all Radio & TV University systems. Under such an educational situation, modern distance education pilot project developed in the English undergraduate students, in March 2000 in Changji. With th...

  9. The English as a Foreign Language / Lingua Franca Debate: Sensitising Teachers of English as a Foreign Language Towards Teaching English as a Lingua Franca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansfield Gillian

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available

    The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must nevertheless boast a relevant place in the global scenario. This can be achieved in practical terms by interrogating an expressly made corpus of Chinese English news texts and carrying out simple concordance activities.

     

    Debido a los procesos de globalización, la función del inglés como herramienta internacional o como lengua franca para la comunicación exige un replanteamiento de la enseñanza del inglés como idioma extranjero. En este artículo se presenta un estudio empírico llevado a cabo en un contexto universitario italiano que pretende mostrar cómo los docentes deberían desempeñar actividades para facilitar el reconocimiento de otras variedades del inglés que, al no ser utilizadas como modelos de evaluación y certificación lingüística, exigen en cambio una mayor atención en el escenario global. En la práctica, esto puede realizarse analizando un corpus específico de textos periodísticos en inglés chino y llevando a cabo actividades sencillas de concordancias.

  10. English as a Forgotten Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porte, Graeme

    1999-01-01

    Examined how living outside native-language environments, and subsequent language attrition, affected the language model provided by native speakers teaching English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) in Spain. Surveys indicated that the first language was a changeable system susceptible to the pervasive influence of the second language and to the…

  11. Negotiating between Restrictive Language Policies and Complex Teaching Conditions: A Case Study of Arizona's Teachers of English Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackinney, Erin; Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia

    2012-01-01

    This article examines how Arizona's teachers of English learners negotiate between restrictive language policies and complex teaching conditions. This case study explores how middle school teachers in an urban school district make sense of the 4-hour English language development block, Arizona's recent English-only policy. Findings indicate that…

  12. Learn and Unlearn: Drama as an Effective Tool in Teaching English Language and Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shibani Banerjee

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available It is argued that learning the importance of positive reinforcement and unlearning the de-motivating and unfruitful experiences of one’s life can help students cope up with the existing inhibition about learning a foreign language and, in turn, can motivate them to do something productive and creative. In this respect, the role of drama, in EFL classroom, has been debated and recommended for achieving the intended effects. However, it has also been suggested that the motive of teaching a foreign language like English, through drama, is not to make the young learners professionals in acting but to provide an aid to learn and rehearse the language in its given framework. Exploring such arguments in support of the use of drama in EFL classroom, the present paper highlights the benefits of using drama as a teaching methodology so as to help the students in speaking in English and help them think ‘out of the box’. The practical application of the language in real-life situations is also suggested and recommended based upon the findings of the study. As the use of drama, in EFL classroom, has many benefits for EFL learners, attempt has also been made to investigate, discuss and explore different techniques and methods through which drama can be successfully introduced and incorporated in the foreign language classrooms for effective, motivating and interesting teaching and learning.

  13. A Story of English Language Learning – How Can Children’s Literature be Used in Teaching Vocabulary to Young English Language Learners? : - A Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Jennessen, Vanja

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to find research relating to the use of children’s literature to promote vocabulary development in young children, particularly English language learners in Sweden. The main questions address how (methods) children’s literature can be used and why (reasons) children’s literature is often recommended for the teaching of vocabulary to young learners. The study also aims to explore reasons against the use of children’s literature in vocabulary teaching found in previous research....

  14. Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages in the United States, 1975: A Dipstick Paper. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 39.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulston, Christina B.

    This report, prepared for the September 1975 UNESCO Meeting of Experts on the Diversification of Methods and Techniques for Teaching a Second Language, examines major achievements and recent trends of second language teaching in the United States. English is learned as a second language for several purposes - as a cultural acquisition, for…

  15. Computers in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language: Access to the Diversity of Textual Genres and Language Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dos Santos, Roberto-Márcio; Sobrinho, Jerônimo Coura

    In the area of language teaching both language skills and textual genres can be worked with simultaneously (thus responding to the Brazilian Curricular Parameters and to the trends in contemporary education, which emphasize contextualized teaching) by means of computers. Computers can make the teaching process dynamic and rich, since they enable the access to the foreign language through virtual environments, which creates a larger number of learning contexts, with all their specific vocabulary and linguistic features in real communication. This study focuses on possible applications of this kind of approach. The computer online is a resource of diverse textual genres and can be an important tool in the language classroom as well as an access to authentic material produced in contextualized practice close to real-life communication. On the other hand, all these materials must be appropriately used without ever worshipping the technology as if it were a miraculous solution. After all, the professional pedagogic skills of the teacher should never be forgotten or taken for granted. In this study, a series of interviews with teachers was carried out - both with Brazilian teachers of the public sector (basic education) and language institutes (private English courses) as well as teacher trainers (university professors), in order to verify if the teachers were prepared to work with informatics in teaching practices, and check the professionals’ views on the subject. The ideas of Maingueneau and Marcuschi about textual genres are a theoretical base in this work, besides the concept of cognitive economy. The text and its typology are focused here as the basic material for teaching English, through digital technologies and hypermedia. The study is also based on Sharma and Barrett’s notion of blended learning as a balanced combination of technological resources and traditional practices in the classroom. Thus, this is an attempt to investigate the relevance of information and communication technologies in the education and professional practice of English teachers in Brazil in the context of the 21st century.

  16. English language teaching program of universities: does it cater for multiple intelligences of students?

    OpenAIRE

    Abbasian, Reza; Khajavi, Yaser

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of present study was to evaluate English language teaching program of Iranian universities to see to what extent MI theory has been implemented in educational system. As Marsh (1997) holds “curriculum starts as a plan; it only becomes a reality when teachers implement it with real students in a real classroom" (cited in Anthony, 2008: 77). Since teachers and textbooks are manifestations of education in curriculum, the study intended to investigate how the content of textbooks repr...

  17. EFL Teachers’ Beliefs toward Using Computer Technology in English Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Abbas Pourhosein Gilakjani

    2012-01-01

    Computers have made many of our everyday tasks easier and faster and made our society more productive. Some important variables such as the classroom teacher and the teacher’s beliefs towards the effective uses of computers have been overlooked in EFL classrooms. The impact of teachers’ beliefs on classroom instruction specifically in English Language Teaching (ELT) has been paid enough attention by previous researchers, but little research has been conducted to establish a similar r...

  18. Blended Learning in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language: An Educational Challenge

    OpenAIRE

    Carol Anne Ochoa Alpala; Eliana Edith Roberto Flórez

    2011-01-01

    Blended Learning has become one of the most common ways to teach EFL (English as a Foreign Language) due to its double component, which integrates Face-to-Face classes with virtual learning in order to offer students a wide range of materials and resources organized in a methodological way. Over the years, teachers and students have changed the way this educational process is seen because new technologies have been implemented and teachers have to propose new ways of working to display materi...

  19. PODCASTING TO PROVIDE TEACHING AND LEARNING SUPPORT FOR AN UNDERGRADUATE MODULE ON ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION

    OpenAIRE

    Palitha EDIRISINGHA,; Chiara RIZZI, CEPaD; NIE, Ming; Libby ROTHWELL

    2007-01-01

    ABSTRACTThis paper reports findings from research into the benefits of integrating podcasts into a first year undergraduate module on English Language and Communication at Kingston University. As part of a Faculty teaching and learning support scheme for first year undergraduates, six podcasts were developed to improve students’ learning and study skills and to provide advice on portfolio development and presentation skills. Student learning experience through podcasts was evaluated through t...

  20. Teaching English as a foreign language in Spanish secondary schools: The value of literature

    OpenAIRE

    Ortells Montón, Elena

    2013-01-01

    Although it is generally accepted that literature plays a critical role in our lives by helping us reflect on ourselves and the world, still it is one the most underrated subjects of study in schools, especially when it comes to its use as a tool for the teaching of English language in the EFL context. In spite of the references to literature in the curriculum of the different courses of the Spanish ESO (Compulsory Secondary Education) and Bachillerato (Baccalaureate) included ...

  1. Deconstructing teaching English to speakers of other languages: problematising a professional discourse

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Christopher

    2002-01-01

    This thesis provides a post-modern critique of the profession of Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). This critique derives from the findings of a progressivist applied ethnographic study of group of ESOL teachers working at an institution of higher education in Britain. The analysis of the findings using post-modern theory revealed that there was a complex mêlée of discourses (in the Foucauldian sense) at work in the research setting: a localised idiosyncratic discourse c...

  2. Teaching English through Stories: A Meaningful and Fun Way for Children to Learn the Language

    OpenAIRE

    Porras González Nohora Inés

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the results of a study on utilizing stories for teaching English as a foreign language to children in first, second and third grades. It was carried out in a Colombian public elementary school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. The proposal was initiated by a group of student-teachers at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Seccional Bucaramanga. During the research process the student-teachers were required to plan the course syllabus, create their own stories according to the c...

  3. Teacher education for teaching English as a foreign language to children in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Sato, Yoshifumi

    2006-01-01

    The Course of Study which was introduced in Japanese elementary schools in 2002 prescribed English as a foreign language (EFL) activities as a part of international understanding in the "Period of Integrated Study". By 2008, EFL will be a required subject in Japanese elementary schools. This thesis discusses some of context and methodology that will be needed to train in-service teachers at Japanese elementary schools so that they will be able to teach EFL despite overwhelming difficulties. J...

  4. Teachers’ views on primary school English language teaching curriculum for the 4th grade

    OpenAIRE

    Hümset Seçkin

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates teachers’ views on primary school English language teaching curriculum for the 4th grade. For this aim, objectives, content, activities, materials and equipment and assessment which are the basic  components of the curriculum are taken as the criterion. Besides this, the study investigates teachers’ level of information about the curriculum, the difficulties that were experienced by teachers in implementing the curriculum, the strengths and weaknesses ...

  5. ONLINE COURSE SUPPORT IN DISTANCE LEARNING: Student Evaluation of English Language Teaching Bachelor of Arts Program

    OpenAIRE

    Nurhan SAKAR

    2009-01-01

    Hereby in this study; the opinions of the senior students, who took course support through web based asynchronous communication methods in the academic year 2007–2008 at the Open Education Faculty, English Language Teaching Bachelor of Arts Program (OEF ELT BA) at Anadolu University, about the general online courses are presented. According to the results of the study favorable and unfavorable aspects of online courses for OEF ELT BA students are defined and amendatory precautions are propose...

  6. Angles on the English-Speaking World : English in Denmark; Language Policy, Internationalization and University teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    Volume 9 takes up the questions – national, sociolinguistic, strategic, economic and educational – which arise in relation to the increasing use of English alongside national or vernacular languages, focusing on its use as the language of instruction in Danish Universities. Inevitably, this also makes globalization a theme of this issue. The dilemmas of the universities, however, have a special character within this wider issue, partly because they are in the frontline of globalization processes, and partly because they are regarded as having new and enhanced social significance in the post-industrial society. In addition to the academic articles in this issue there is a series of ‘position statements’ written by some of the major participants in the Danish debate on language policy in the universities. They were invited to state in about 500 words their essential views on the theme. Their contributions give some of the flavor of the argument that has been going on with increasing intensity in Denmark for the past ten years.

  7. Teaching and Learning English-as-a-Second / Foreign Language through Mother Tongue: A Field Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basel Al-Sheikh Hussein

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The underlying study aims to investigate and analyze the actual reasons, attitudes, and purposes behind the use of the mother tongue (Arabic in teaching English-as-a-second language to Arab students attending English courses as a university compulsory requirement for the study of English language and literature at Jordanian private and government-aided universities. To achieve this goal, the researcher analyzed data he collected from classroom observation at three different private universities. In addition, the writer analyzes results of responses to questionnaires distributed to 120 students and 12 teachers learning and teaching English at three universities – 40 students and 4 teachers from each university.The results obtained show that almost all the respondents expressed the need for the use of Arabic in the English classroom because, according to them, it helps students understand the meaning of new or difficult words, explain complex syntactic rules, and save time. The study also shows that not allowing students to use their mother tongue will result in prohibiting them to have some opportunities to learn English better.

  8. Teachers of the future: Perceived teaching competences and visions of pre-service English language teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatice Gülru Yüksel

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The changes observed in the early 1990s have altered the conceptions of learning and teaching in the 21st century, which in turn have raised questions about the nature of teacher education and the core knowledge and skills to be taught to student teachers. Gaining insights about how student teachers project themselves as teachers of 21st century and how they assess their teaching capabilities became crucial for teacher educators and policy makers. This study was conducted with 40 pre-service teachers of English as a foreign language to investigate how they assess their teaching competences and how they project themselves as teachers of future. The study employed a convergent parallel mixed-method design. The findings from quantitative data indicated that their perception related to various teaching competencies were uniform and they feel themselves competent enough in teaching. However, they needed further help in classroom management. The qualitative data can be interpreted as a signal that our participants will possibly adopt a constructivist approach to language teaching.

  9. Teaching English as a "Second Language" in Kenya and the United States: Convergences and Divergences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy-Campbell, Zaline M.

    2015-01-01

    English is spoken in five countries as the native language and in numerous other countries as an official language and the language of instruction. In countries where English is the native language, it is taught to speakers of other languages as an additional language to enable them to participate in all domains of life of that country. In many…

  10. The (potential) impact of Mentoring on English language teaching in Chile at school level

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mauricio, Veliz Campos.

    Full Text Available El presente artículo revisa los diversos del novedoso término Mentor y las aplicaciones recientes en el ámbito de la enseñanza del inglés. Presenta, además, algunas experiencias exitosas de programas de Mentoría a la luz de las necesidades del sistema de educacional chileno. [...] Abstract in english This article briefly surveys the various uses of the newfangled term Mentor and its recent application(s) in the realm of English language teaching.lt also presents successful experiences of mentoring programmes in the light of the needs of the Chilean education system. [...

  11. Use of project activity in integrated teaching of the English and Kazakh languages to students of economics faculty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulnara Moldakhmetova

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In the work we gave the definition of the project activity and considered the use of the project activity in the integrated teaching of the English and Kazakh languages to students of the faculty of economics.

  12. Exploring the Main Barriers of Technology Integration in the English Language Teaching Classroom: A Qualitative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rouholllah Khodabandelou

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The abundance of technology in recent years has contributed to development in the societies, industries, and education. It is proven from the current trend of technology such as the emergence and rise of smart phones, tablets, laptops and wireless internet connection that the present and future world will be heralded by technology. The integration of technology into the teaching and learning process is idealistic with the existence of vast information and multimedia on the internet and innovative inventions of devices that serve as great assistance. However, the available technology has not been put to good use in the English language teaching and learning classroom for some reasons, especially in developing countries like Malaysia. Thus, this research is conducted to determine the hindrances faced by the education community in Malaysia. The current qualitative research involved seven individuals who discussed issues relating to the hindrances of technology integration in English language teaching and learning. This paper presents the results of the discussion and provides suggestions on some possible solutions to the identified obstacles faced by the education community in using technology in a more efficient and resourceful manner for the teaching and learning development.Keywords: TESL, barriers, technology, integration, higher education

  13. Teaching English Through Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Hi?mano?lu

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at emphasizing the use of literature as a popular technique for teaching both basiclanguage skills (i.e. reading, writing, listening and speaking and language areas (i.e. vocabulary,grammar and pronunciation in our times. Reasons for using literary texts in foreign language classroomand main criteria for selecting suitable literary texts in foreign language classes are stressed so as tomake the reader familiar with the underlying reasons and criteria for language teachers’ using andselecting literary texts. Moreover, literature and the teaching of language skills, benefits of differentgenres of literature (i.e. poetry, short fiction, drama and novel to language teaching and some problemsencountered by language teachers within the area of teaching English through literature (i.e. lack ofpreparation in the area of literature teaching in TESL / TEFL programs, absence of clear-cut objectivesdefining the role of literature in ESL / EFL, language teachers’ not having the background and trainingin literature, lack of pedagogically-designed appropriate materials that can be used by language teachersin a classroom context are taken into account.

  14. The impact of guided reflective practice on the teaching of English as a foreign language in higher education in Cyprus

    OpenAIRE

    Christodoulou, Niki

    2013-01-01

    The present thesis is an in-depth examination of the potential of facilitating reflective practice in the educational world of Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Higher Education. More specifically, the current thesis investigates the impact of Guided Reflective Practice on the practice of five university teachers of English as a Foreign Language in Cyprus. Although language research increasingly acknowledges the importance of reflection in excavating the personal, individual and em...

  15. Application of Coherence of Theme and Rheme System in English Language Teaching under Cognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai-min ZOU

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The repetitive coherence of theme and rheme comes through one of the important cohesive devices which make texture coherent and progressing. From cognitive point of view, applying the mode of thematic and rheme into English language teaching can display its tool function for texture. It also contributes to the understanding and interpretation of coherent discourses, and to the way in teaching reading and writing. Therefore? learners will leap forward from their cognitive level.
    Key words: cognition, coherence of theme and rheme, English language teaching
    Résumé: La cohésion réitérative thème/rhème dans le texte est un moyen important pour réaliser la cohésion et la cohérence du texte. C’est justement ces moyens de cohésion qui permettent de réaliser la progression thème/rhème et de composer ainsi un texte cohérent. L’application du mécanisme cohésif de thème/rhème dans l’enseignement textuel de l’anglais permet de montrer sa fonction comme outil textuel, de fournir un fil de pensée clair pour la rédaction et la lecture en anglais et d’approfondir ainsi la cognition des apprenant sur l’anglais.
    Mots-clés: cognition, cohésion thème/rhème, enseignement textuel
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  16. Investigation of E-learning Acceptance in Teaching English Language Based on TAM Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farnaz Vali Moghaddam Zanjani

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Electronic education and learning is one of accomplishments of mankind which has affected the world tremendously. Since 1990 advancement in technology has led to increasing integrity of electronic-learning courses and also language learning courses. The objective of this study is to examine acceptance of e-learning technology carried out by English teachers and students based on technology acceptance model (TAM. In order to achieve the objective of the research, the researcher has employed descriptive-survey method and also questionnaire and interview with English students and teachers who constitute population of the research. To test the hypotheses of the research, the researcher has employed Pearson correlation test along with SPSS software. The results of the research indicate lack of Perceived ease use and Perceived usefulness of e-learning technology in teaching English.

  17. Challenges to preschool teachers in learner's acquisition of English as Language of Learning and Teaching

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sandra du, Plessis; Brenda, Louw.

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Multilingualism in classrooms is currently prompting debate and has significantly impacted on schooling in South Africa over the last decade. At present South African educators face the challenge of coping with and finding solutions to culturally and linguistically diverse urban school contexts whic [...] h did not exist before. In many South African communities young learners, without any prior knowledge of English, are enrolled in English preschools. Preschool teachers have the demanding task of preparing these multilingual preschoolers for formal schooling in English, and, in addition, are pressurised by parents or caregivers who expect their children to be fluent in English by the time they enter primary school. A group of preschool teachers in a specific urban, multilingual preschool context expressed concern about multilingual preschool learners' academic performances and their future, and requested advice and support from speech-language therapists. To investigate this need, an exploratory, descriptive, contextual research design, incorporating the quantitative perspective, was selected to describe the specific educational context of multilingual preschools in the Pretoria central business district (CBD) and the Sunnyside area. Results indicated that the participants perceived certain personal challenges while supporting the preschool learners acquiring English as Language of Learning and Teaching (ELoLT). These participants expressed a need for knowledge and support.

  18. Culture Differences and English Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Jin Wang

    2011-01-01

    Language is a part of culture, and plays a very important role in the development of the culture. Some sociologists consider it as the keystone of culture. They believe, without language, culture would not be available. At the same time, language is influenced and shaped by culture, it reflects culture. Therefore, culture plays a very important part in language teaching, which is widely acknowledged by English teaching circle. This thesis depicts the relationship between culture and language....

  19. Neuerscheinungen zum Fremdsprachenunterricht 1: Englisch (Recent Publications in the Teaching of Foreign Languages 1: English)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neusprachliche Mitteilungen, 1976

    1976-01-01

    Reprints reviews of 20 recent (1973-74) books on English teaching, including: works on English at the primary level, communicative competence, teaching literature; three grammar systems and some text collections; modern English drama, English short stories; American novels and lyric poetry; aspects of linguistics; four lexicons. (Text is in…

  20. Constructing English as a Ugandan Language through an English Textbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stranger-Johannessen, Espen

    2015-01-01

    English is a national language in Uganda and is widely used in elite areas such as politics and business, but most Ugandans master English to only a limited degree. In this situation, English can be seen as either a foreign language or a second language--influencing how English is taught. One goal of language teaching espoused in this article is…

  1. Constructing English as a Ugandan Language through an English Textbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stranger-Johannessen, Espen

    2015-01-01

    English is a national language in Uganda and is widely used in elite areas such as politics and business, but most Ugandans master English to only a limited degree. In this situation, English can be seen as either a foreign language or a second language--influencing how English is taught. One goal of language teaching espoused in this article is…

  2. Teaching English Grammar Through Games

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen Thi Minh Doan; Luu Trong Tuan

    2010-01-01

    This paper sought to review the literature on teaching English grammar encompassing an overview of grammar definitions and teaching grammar approaches, as well as definitions of games, classifications of games, the influence of using games on the language learners’ performance. Prior researches on teaching English grammar through games have also been examined.
    Key words: English grammar; grammar teaching approach; game; technology

  3. Teaching English Grammar Through Games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Thi Minh Doan

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper sought to review the literature on teaching English grammar encompassing an overview of grammar definitions and teaching grammar approaches, as well as definitions of games, classifications of games, the influence of using games on the language learners’ performance. Prior researches on teaching English grammar through games have also been examined.
    Key words: English grammar; grammar teaching approach; game; technology

  4. Halloween Drama Contest: A Didactic Approach to English Language Teaching in a non-Bilingual School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Camelo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an action research project developed in Mayor de San Bartolomé School in 2007, when the authors’ teaching practice took place. The observation of 38 eighth graders, between 13 and 14 years old, highlighted their lack of motivation towards the English class. In the coming semester after the observation, the drama activities carried out in the English class made the students more eager to participate in the class activities and to use this language to communicate with their peers. The Halloween Drama Contest consisted of drama activities along with reading comprehension, writing production, vocabulary exercises and phonetics practice. Students were asked to prepare scripts of six horror movies to be performed on Halloween.

  5. English Language Teaching and Learning during Holiday Camps: A Case Study from Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ria Hanewald

    2013-01-01

    Language holiday camps for children or adolescents who are learners of a second or additional language are a world-wide phenomenon. They are particularly popular in the USA, Canada and Britain for languages such as French, German and Spanish. Youth camps (also called summer camps) during the European school holidays to learn English or other languages have also enjoyed a long tradition. In Malaysia, English language holiday camps are prolific and have been running since the 1940s. With such p...

  6. How do you say 'imperialism'? The English language teaching industry and the culture of imperialism in South Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Prey, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Foreign language acquisition provides a fascinating angle from which to analyze the nature and evolving dynamics of global transformation. This thesis examines the emergence and stratospheric growth of the English Language Teaching (ELT) industry in South Korea in the context of ongoing debates over the continued relevancy of theories of cultural imperialism. A case study of the Korean conglomerate YBMISi-sa, the overwhelming leader in the Korean ELT and English publishing industry, serves as...

  7. Teaching more than english? : Gender roles in english language textbooks / Jeannine Richards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Richards, Jeannine

    2002-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse soorolle inglise keele õpikutes "TipTop 5. Student's book" (S. Rixon, J. Moates. London; Basingstoke: Macmillan. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1996) ja "English Step 5" (I. Sotter, L. Vahtra. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1997)

  8. Teaching more than english? : Gender roles in english language textbooks / Jeannine Richards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Richards, Jeannine

    2002-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse soorolle inglise keele õpikutes "TipTop 5. Student's book" (S. Rixon, J. Moates. London; Basingstoke: Macmillan. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1996) ja "English Step 5" (I. Sotter, L. Vahtra. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1997)

  9. On Differences between General English Teaching and Business English Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Wenzhong Zhu; Fang Liao

    2008-01-01

    With the accelerating rate of globalization, business exchanges are carried out cross the border, as a result there is a growing demand for talents professional both in English and Business. We can see that at present Business English courses are offered by many language schools in the aim of meeting the need for Business English talent. Many researchers argue that no differences can be defined between Business English teaching and General English teaching. However, this paper concludes that ...

  10. Classroom English - Zur Unterrichtssprache von Englischlehrern (On the Teaching Language of English Teachers)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breitkreuz, Hartmut; Liedtke, Manfred

    1975-01-01

    Presents a collection of frequent errors, stock phrases teachers misuse that originate from a lack of acquaintance with the foreign land and culture, or from incorrect information. The correct versions are also given. The need is stressed for more attention to classroom English. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  11. Non-Native English Language Teachers' Perspective on Culture in English as a Foreign Language Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayyurt, Yasemin

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the importance of raising non-native English language teachers' awareness of different dimensions of culture in the teaching of English as an international language. The author believes that the more critical English language teachers become about the involvement of culture in their English language teaching, the more they…

  12. English Language Teaching: The Reflective Practices of an Oral Communication Class

    OpenAIRE

    Jowati Juhary

    2014-01-01

    Malaysia has come to a point where second and third languages become part of the requirements to be employed especially in the multinational and international companies. After gaining its Independence, English becomes the second language in Malaysia, and Bahasa Melayu is recognised as the official language of the country. This move has greatly impacted the education sector in Malaysia, and one of the challenges is that younger generation lacks English language competency. This can be supporte...

  13. Teaching a Whole English Language Course to First Year Undergraduate Students

    OpenAIRE

    Aguado, Pilar; Sánchez, Purificación; Vilar, Mar

    2001-01-01

    Core English language is probably the most important subject in English Studies. Consequently, the design and implementation of the syllabus has to be carefuUy prepared. However, we have very tight timetabling, many students, and a very heterogeneous level as far as their command of the language is concerned. This paper aims to determine language áreas which present difficulties for students in their first year of English Studies according to the results obtained in the fi...

  14. LECTURERS’ VIEWS OF CURRICULUM CHANGE AT ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING DEPARTMENTS IN TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Sercan UZTOSUN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to understand lecturers’ views about the effectiveness of curriculum change procedures taking place in 2006 at the English language teacher education departments of Turkish universities. The study collected both quantitative and qualitative data through an open-ended questionnaire completed by 27 lecturers working at fifteen different universities and semi-structured interviews with five of the participants. The results indicated that lecturers did not have voice during the change process and were not well informed about the changes. The change process was reported to disregard some important steps of curriculum development such as needs analysis, teacher training, and evaluation. With regard to course-specific changes, the 2006 curriculum was reported to be effective in involving practical courses. Combining separate literature courses, adding a vocabulary course, and extending class hours of some courses were found to be effective changes. Conversely, removing skill-based courses, decreasing class hours of the research skills course, combining advanced reading and writing courses, and removing school experience course were reported as negative aspects of the 2006 curriculum change. Considering these findings, a number of suggestions are made to achieve effective curriculum change at English Language Teaching Departments.

  15. Integrating content and language in English language teaching in secondary education: Models, benefits, and challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Banegas, Darío Luis

    2012-01-01

    In the last decade, there has been a major interest in content-based instruction (CBI) and content and language integrated learning (CLIL). These are similar approaches which integrate content and foreign/second language learning through various methodologies and models as a result of different implementations around the world. In this paper, I first offer a sociocultural view of CBI-CLIL. Secondly, I define language and content as vital components in CBI-CLIL. Thirdly, I revie...

  16. Strategies for Building Social Connection through English: Challenges for Immigrants and Implications for Teaching English as a Second Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor-Leech, Kerry; Yates, Lynda

    2012-01-01

    This article draws on ethnographic data from a longitudinal study of newly-arrived immigrants of non English-speaking background in the Australian Adult Migrant English Program to investigate their opportunities for using English and the language learning strategies (LLS) they used to make the most of these opportunities. Analysis of their reports…

  17. Managing the teaching of critical thinking skills in English home language to second language speakers in the further education and training phase / P. Pillay

    OpenAIRE

    Pillay, Parvathy

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyse the effectiveness and necessity of managing the teaching of critical thinking skills in English Home Language to second language speakers in the Further Education and Training phase, by focusing on critical thinking skills; classroom management; management skills of professional teachers; the relationship between teaching and management; guidelines for effective classroom management; the National Curriculum Statement Grades 10-12; the Na...

  18. Introduction to 'Language through Literature' approaches to teaching Literature in English in L2 contexts.

    OpenAIRE

    Durant, Alan

    1995-01-01

    This paper explores a series of major changes during the period 1970 to the present [1992] in how literary texts are studied and taught in L2 (second and foreign language) contexts. In doing so, it joins a continuing controversy over the use of literary texts as an appropriate resource in developing language skills and awareness. The main teaching strategies generally employed in literary education are reviewed and relevant comparisons and contrasts made between teaching literature in L1 and...

  19. Using Educative Assessments to Support Science Teaching for Middle School English-Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxton, Cory A.; Allexsaht-Snider, Martha; Suriel, Regina; Kayumova, Shakhnoza; Choi, Youn-jeng; Bouton, Bobette; Baker, Melissa

    2013-01-01

    Grounded in Hallidayan perspectives on academic language, we report on our development of an educative science assessment as one component of the language-rich inquiry science for English-language learners teacher professional learning project for middle school science teachers. The project emphasizes the role of content-area writing to support…

  20. Leadership Practices to Support Teaching and Learning for English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGee, Alyson; Haworth, Penny; MacIntyre, Lesieli

    2015-01-01

    With a substantial increase in the numbers of English language learners in schools, particularly in countries where English is the primary use first language, it is vital that educators are able to meet the needs of ethnically and linguistically changing and challenging classrooms. However, despite the recognition of the importance of effective…

  1. Teaching english through spanish: a secondary school EFL teachers`s language choices in the foreign language classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Morata, Marisa; Coyle, Yvette

    2012-01-01

    The present study examines the language used by a Spanish secondary school teacher of English. Taking as a basic premise that exposure to the foreign language is conducive to language learning, transcripts of classroom discourse were analysed to identify the pedagogical functions present in the teacher’s speech and the language used to express them. The results show an overwhelming reliance by the teacher on the students’ first language for all of the most frequently occurring functions. Inst...

  2. UNDERSTANDING THE REASONS BEHIND CHOOSING TO TEACH ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail Hakkı ERTEN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study reports on findings from an investigation into the reasons for year 1 students from the English Language Teaching Department at Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey, for choosing teaching as a field of study and future career. A questionnaire comprising of open-ended questions was employed to decipher the reasons of 96 participants. Content analysis of the emergent data revealed 20 reasons which were broadly categorized as intrinsic, extrinsic, and altruistic. Participants, in general, reported more intrinsic reasons than extrinsic reasons. Unlike those reported in the field, altruistic reasons were much fewer than other types of reasons. A further motivational clustering of students showed that the majority of students had a mixture of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The data also indicated possible gender related differences. The study concludes that although student teachers are intrinsically motivated, this motivation may need to be maintained so as to be long term. Further, the study calls for measures to be taken to control possible methodological biases.

  3. An Analysis of ELT Teachers’ Perceptions of Some Problems Concerning the Implementation of English Language Teaching Curricula in Elementary Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filiz Yalç?n T?lfarl?o?lu

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available It can be said that foreign language teaching/learning has been failure inTurkey for many years although nearly everyone believes that speaking at least oneforeign language is essential today. Considering Turkey as a developing country inmany aspects; such as industry, trade, technology, tourism, the importance of foreignlanguage teaching will increase.Children in elementary schools are open to ideas of global understanding.In other words elementary school education period can be said to be the right time toexpand the students’ intercultural views and enhancement of cognitive skills(Curtain, 1990. As it is mentioned above using a foreign language effectively hasnumerous benefits and it also helps a child to become a well-educated person whilehe/she is growing up. In order to make them successful, we should provide thechildren in our country with a well-organized language teaching. To do this, manyresearches should be done and many new ideas are required.So, this study aims to investigate the problems faced by teachers andstudents, concerning the implementation of English Language curricula in terms ofthe components of curricula such as objectives, selection and organization ofcontent, implementation of method and methodologies, the use of technology andevaluation.The research sampling of the study consists of 261 teachers of English whoare teaching 4th and 5th year students in elementary schools which were chosenrandomly. The teachers of English were administered a questionnaire, data wereanalysed, the results were discussed, and in the light of findings recommendationswere made to cause betterment in English language teaching in elementary schools.

  4. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENGLISH LANGUAGE ANXIETY AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE COMPETENCE: A CORRELATION STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    BIJU M.A

    2013-01-01

    English language has become a global language with the advent of Globalisation. Naturally English language learning has got increased importance as English is the language for the global communication. English is a second language for Indian sand often mother tongue hampers the English acquisition of most of the Indians. NCF 2005 has underlined that significance of teaching of English as early as possible so that the learners may have a native speaker like fluency in English. Based on these g...

  5. Reading Logs and Literature Teaching Models in English Language Teacher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Ornella Ochoa Delarriva; Enrique Alejandro Basabe

    2015-01-01

    Reading logs are regularly used in foreign language education since they are not only critical in the development of reading comprehension but may also be instrumental in taking readers beyond the referential into the representational realms of language. In this paper we offer the results of a qualitative analysis of a series of reading logs written by advanced students for a literature course in an English language teacher education program in Argentina. The logs were coded according to the ...

  6. The role of narrative intelligence in english language teaching, major and gender

    OpenAIRE

    PISHGHADAM, REZA; Ehsan Golparvar, Seyyed; Hassan Khajavy, Gholam

    2013-01-01

    This research attempt purports to examine the role of narrative intelligence in the success of English language teachers with respect to major and gender. Seven hundred and fifty three English language teachers and learners took part in this study. Scales of narrative intelligence and teacher success were used to garner data in this study. The findings indicated that there exists a significant relationship between teachers pedagogical effectiveness and their narrative intelligence. Moreove...

  7. Using English Language to Teach ICT Courses in Selected Malaysian Secondary Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Zaenab S. Abdul Majeed; Normah binti Othman

    2012-01-01

    This study is aimed to investigate the situation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) course taught in English language in secondary schools in Pahang, Malaysia. From a social point of view the study examines teachers’ attitude towards and applications of computer to further reveal the chances of their use of English language in the classroom. The objective data is collected from school teachers by using questionnaires and interviews. The data analysis is conducted through T-tes...

  8. The Multiple Intelligence Theory in English Language Teaching : Theme-based lesson plans on Halloween

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Svava Sólmundardóttir

    2008-01-01

    In this project I will show how Multiple Intelligence theory can be applied in the English language classroom, meeting different students with different needs. I have created a theme-based series of English language lesson plans based on the Multiple Intelligence theory. I have developed and gathered a number of activities for each of the intelligences on the theme of Halloween. In the beginning I explain the Multiple Intelligence theory, its origins and some of its key points. I also di...

  9. Researching the Effects of Teaching Grammar Rules to English Second Language Adult Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayliff, D.

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the effects of an interventionist form-focused course on the written English of first-year second language university learners. For two semester courses the form (or grammar) of the language was concentrated upon. During the first semester the use of correct grammar was focussed on intensively, while during the second…

  10. Teaching English through Stories: A Meaningful and Fun Way for Children to Learn the Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Porras González Nohora Inés

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the results of a study on utilizing stories for teaching English as a foreign language to children in first, second and third grades. It was carried out in a Colombian public elementary school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. The proposal was initiated by a group of student-teachers at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Seccional Bucaramanga. During the research process the student-teachers were required to plan the course syllabus, create their own stories according to the children’s interests and likes, plan the lessons, and collect and analyze data. Although the student-teachers worked in different grade levels, the results of the study present similarities such as the children’s motivation when the stories were told or read, increased participation in the different activities, comprehension of the stories, and acquisition of the new vocabulary. Key words: Storytelling, story, reading, teaching, children Este artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio sobre el uso de historias para la enseñanza del inglés a niños en los grados primero, segundo y tercero. El estudio se llevó a cabo en una escuela pública de Bucaramanga, Colombia. La propuesta fue iniciada por un grupo de docentes en formación de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, seccional Bucaramanga. Durante el proceso de investigación los docentes elaboraron e implementaron una propuesta de intervención, y además recolectaron y analizaron datos. Aunque los docentes trabajaron en diferentes grados, los resultados del estudio presentaron similitudes, tales como gran motivación de los niños al escuchar o leer las historias, alta participación en las diferentes actividades, comprensión de las historias y adquisición de vocabulario. Palabras clave: narración de historias, lectura de historia, enseñanza a niños

  11. Blended Learning in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language: An Educational Challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Anne Ochoa Alpala

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Blended Learning has become one of the most common ways to teach EFL (English as a Foreign Language due to its double component, which integrates Face-to-Face classes with virtual learning in order to offer students a wide range of materials and resources organized in a methodological way. Over the years, teachers and students have changed the way this educational process is seen because new technologies have been implemented and teachers have to propose new ways of working to display materials that complement EFL Face-to-Face classes. However, the implementation of a Blended Course must have a pedagogical foundation for each setting where it is planned in order to be developed. This article seeks to present some integrative components of Blended Learning and how they have been applied in several researches done in different contexts as well as to present some considerations to keep in mind when designing, implementing and evaluating this model. Besides, it encourages teachers to reflect upon Blended Learning (BL as a potential and different way to approach learning EFL, taking advantage of all the emerging pedagogical tools.

  12. The effect of dictionary training in the teaching of English as a foreign language

    OpenAIRE

    Cote González, Margarita; Tejedor Martínez, Cristina

    2011-01-01

    The process of teaching any subject involves the use of all resources available to achieve efficient/effective result. When dealing with teaching foreign languages, we have noticed that such a traditional and apparently well-known tool as a dictionary is not so well-known nor used efficiently by students. Nevertheless, in our opinion, the dictionary should play an important role in the teaching-learning process. Therefore, we have carried out a research in our classroom in order to check that...

  13. Diversity Matters: Japan's Domestic Diversity and the Role of English Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Mieko

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates how Japanese university students perceive Japan's domestic diversity and understand the role of English within that context. Surveys and interviews with Japanese students reveal how they reflect on their own experiences with diversity in their past English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classes and also help to explore…

  14. In Search of a New Paradigm for Teaching English as an International Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canagarajah, Suresh

    2014-01-01

    In the context of more diverse communicative practices and social relations in globalization, scholars are increasingly defining English as constituting socially constructed situational norms in specific contexts of interaction, and not a homogeneous language or even discrete varieties of English. This shift requires treating pragmatics and not…

  15. Teachers’ views on primary school English language teaching curriculum for the 4th grade

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    Hümset Seçkin

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates teachers’ views on primary school English language teaching curriculum for the 4th grade. For this aim, objectives, content, activities, materials and equipment and assessment which are the basic  components of the curriculum are taken as the criterion. Besides this, the study investigates teachers’ level of information about the curriculum, the difficulties that were experienced by teachers in implementing the curriculum, the strengths and weaknesses of the curriculum and teachers’ suggestions for improving the curriculum. This is a qualitative research and employs interview techniques. Data were collected through interviews of 15 primary school English teachers who taught 4th grade students at state schools. In the data analysis procedure descriptive analysis techniques were applied.The results of the research indicated that the participants had negative views about some aspects of the curriculum due to challenges that they encountered during the implementation. It was determined that teachers thought that the level they informed about the program was not sufficient. Teachers emphasized that crowded classrooms, lack of sources and supplementary materials caused problems in implementing the curriculum. It was pointed out that the strongest feature of the curriculum  was that it made the students active during the learning process. The weakest feature of the curriculum was that it was overloaded and time allocated to the curriculum was not sufficient. In order to make the curriculum more efficient teachers suggested that more qualified learning materials should be prepared, alloted time for the lesson should be increased, the number of students in the classroom should be reduced and assessment tools should be provided for the teachers.

  16. Factors Affecting the Implementation of Communicative Language Teaching in Taiwanese College English Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ming; Goswami, Jaya S.

    2011-01-01

    Foreign language teaching in many Asian-Pacific countries in recent decades has shifted toward communicative-focused instruction. However, researchers have reported a gap between policy and practice. To incorporate teachers' voices in adopting the communicative approach in the curriculum, this study explores factors that promote or hinder EFL…

  17. The use of first language scaffolding to teach English as a foreign language to pre-school children during dramatic play in West Sumatera, Indonesia

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    Mulia Dewi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Indonesian community generally perceives that English language teaching should require phonology, vocabulary, grammar, discourse, and pragmatics. As a result, this often demands that pre-school teachers use English all the time. Code switching between English, Indonesian, and Minang – the local language of the region – is perceived negatively, and teachers are often criticized for using a multilingual approach that is “part snake and part eel” [sakarek ula sakarek baluik]. This refers to a negative perception of mixing languages in educational settings. In fact, code switching between Minang (first language, Indonesian (second language, and English (foreign language is the norm of language use in this part of Indonesia. However, in this community, there is a lack of respect for pre-school teachers' professionalism as well as scepticism towards the effectiveness of a multilingual teaching approach, which is used widely at the pre-school level. Vygotsky [14], the Russian psychologist, presents a different perspective on this phenomenon, noting that children learn languages by playing. Their first language can be the main tool to help them understand new words and utterances in context. By using code switching, teachers help pre-school children to link their prior knowledge and experience to the new forms of expression that enable them to derive the meaning of new words from the social context of language use. For this reason, scaffolding techniques should be used by pre-school teachers, particularly in ways which support children's cognitive development in constructing new meanings based on their first language experience. This paper, based on a research study-in-progress at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia, explores patterns of interaction between pre-school teachers and their students as teachers scaffold the development of EFL through dramatic play in West Sumatera, Indonesia. This interaction is systemic in nature and demonstrates consistent patterns of language use. The data described here is derived from a collaborative Action Research project with pre-school teachers in this community. The results are presented in the form of a narrative inquiry. These results challenge local perceptions of teachers' effectiveness in language education. Children, who have been taught English language through scaffolding, demonstrate physical, social, and cognitive development as a result of learning in and through playing in a multilingual context. This shows the positive role of code switching in EFL teaching at pre-school level in West Sumatera, and suggests a need to challenge existing community perceptions, thereby prompting a more serious consideration of this approach to EFL teaching in complex multilingual learning contexts.

  18. Revisiting English Language Learning among Malaysian Children

    OpenAIRE

    Hamidah Yamat; Ross Fisher; Sarah Rich

    2014-01-01

    Despite learning English language for six years at elementary and five years at secondary levels, Malaysian students’ English language competency has always been the obstacle in securing success at university level as well as in job opportunities. Hence, various interventions have been taken in the teaching and learning process as well as changes in language policy. This paper calls for a revisit on Malaysia’s policy on teaching English English at primary schools. It discusses the findings of...

  19. Book Review: English Language Learning and Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Shojaei, Abouzar; Motallebzadeh, Khalil

    2016-01-01

    This book is a very helpful book which gives us information and knowledge of using technology in language learning and teaching. It contains detailed consideration to articulatory and auditory Language learning as well as to the practicalities of English language learning. The book discusses the relationship between English language learning and technology. 

  20. MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES THEORY – A MILESTONE INNOVATION IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NIŠ MEDICAL SCHOOL

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    Nataša Baki?-Miri?

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Theory of multiple intelligences is considered an innovation in both teaching and learning English language because it helps students develop all the eight intelligences that are grouped as verbal/linguistic, logical/mathematical, visual/spatial, bodily/kinesthetic, musical/rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal and naturalist. The aforementioned intelligences are thought to represent ways in which individuals understand and perceive the world, solve problems and learn. Correspondingly, by focusing on the problem solving activities, teachers, by implementing theory of multiple intelligences encourage students not only to build-up their existing language knowledge but also learn new content and skills. The implementation of the theory of multiple intelligences in teaching the English language at the University of Niš Medical School has had a positive impact on learning English language and increased students' interest in language learning. Genarally speaking, this theory offers a better understanding of students’ intelligence and a greater appreciation of their strengths. It provides numerous opportunities for students to use and develop all the eight intelligences not just the few they excel in prior to enrolling a university or college.

  1. English language teaching, policies and technical courses O Ensino de Língua Inglesa, a política e os cursos técnicos

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    Francieli de Oliveira

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This project aims to carry out a theoretical discussion about the current political regime, the development of language teaching and its importance in the social context of technical courses. We present some reasons for implementing technical courses, how language teaching takes place in this context, especially the English language, and the quality of education in these courses. At first, we present a short survey of what the current policy of the country is, followed by the consequences this regime brings to English Language teaching in the previously mentioned courses. Subsequently, we present the English teaching in technical courses and the best teaching approach, and finally, we analyze a didactic sequence elaborated in 2008 for the practicum discipline in a technical course of a school located in Guarapuava - PR.O trabalho tem por objetivo realizar uma discussão teórica sobre o regimento político atual, o desenvolvimento do ensino de línguas e sua importância no contexto social de cursos técnicos. Apresentamos algumas razões para implementação dos cursos técnicos, de que forma se dá o ensino de línguas nesse contexto, mais especificamente de língua Inglesa, e qual a qualidade desse ensino nesses cursos. Num primeiro momento, apresentamos um pequeno levantamento de qual é a política atual do país e em seguida quais as consequências que esse regimento traz ao ensino de Língua Inglesa nos cursos citados anteriormente. Posteriormente, apresentamos o ensino da língua nos cursos técnicos e a melhor abordagem para seu ensino e por fim, fazemos uma análise da sequência didática elaborada no ano de 2008 para a disciplina de estágio em um curso técnico de um colégio localizado em Guarapuava – Pr.

  2. Pedagogical Implications to Teaching English Writing

    OpenAIRE

    Fushan Sun

    2010-01-01

    English, as an international language, takes such a position in foreign language teaching and learning in China. As we all know that the ultimate purpose of language teaching is to cultivate students’ communicative ability including not only the oral ability, but also the writing ability. However, teaching of English writing is far from satisfactory, and many students still have a great difficulty in writing English composition. They find it hard to express their ideas and feeling freely and ...

  3. Teaching science to English Language Learners: Instructional approaches of high school teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Betty-Vinca N.

    Students who are English Language Learners (ELLs) form the fastest growing segment of the American school population. Prompted by the call for scientific literacy for all citizens, science educators too have investigated the intersection of language and science instruction of ELLs. However these studies have typically been conducted with elementary students. Few studies have explored how high school science teachers, particularly those who have not received any special training, approach science instruction of ELLs and what supports them in this endeavor. This was a qualitative case study conducted with five science teachers in one small urban high school that predominantly served ELLs. The purpose of this study was to examine instructional approaches used by teachers to make science accessible to ELLs and the factors that supported or inhibited them in developing their instructional approaches. This goal encompassed the following questions: (a) how teachers viewed science instruction of ELLs, (b) how teachers designed a responsive program to teach science to ELLs, (c) what approaches teachers used for curriculum development and instruction, (d) how teachers developed classroom learning communities to meet the needs of ELLs. Seven instructional strategies and five perceived sources of support emerged as findings of this research. In summary, teachers believed that they needed to make science more accessible for their ELL students while promoting their literacy skills. Teachers provided individualized attention to students to provide relevant support. Teachers engaged their students in various types of active learning lessons in social contexts, where students worked on both hands-on and meaning-making activities and interacted with their peers and teachers. Teachers also created classroom communities and learning spaces where students felt comfortable to seek and give help. Finally, teachers identified several sources of support that influenced their instructional approaches including, the structure of the school, working on instructional teams, collaborating and working with other teachers especially English teachers and including science teachers, and participating in various professional development activities. The findings indicated that the instructional approaches used by teachers were largely supported by literacy education and science education done at elementary level. Findings also revealed that teachers in this study encouraged their ELLs to participate in classroom conversations and involved them in answering open-ended questions. However, not all teachers in this study had the same repertoire of instructional strategies for their ELL students and some teachers demonstrated a better understanding of these approaches than others. All teachers perceived that the structure of the school as well as collaborating and working with other teachers, especially English teachers, as their main source of support in designing instructional approaches. This study suggests that teacher educators and professional development providers need to develop courses and programs to help high school teachers learn about how to design instructional activities that simultaneously promote both academic science and English literacy. Also, administrators need to create conditions at their schools that would allow teachers to interact, collaborate, and learn from each other.

  4. The praxis of English language teaching and learning (PELT) beyond the binaries researching critically in EFL classrooms

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    Vicars, Mark; McKenna, Tarquam; Cacciattolo, Marcelle

    2015-01-01

    This edition of Critical New Literacies: The Praxis of English Language Teaching and Learning (PELT) begins with an examination of bricolage as a way to engage in critical research in TEFL/TESOL teaching and research. The volume considers the quality of 'encounter' needed in the global and intercultural classroom. The authors address validity, reliability and an authentic need for research which has at its heart ethical practice. Disenfranchisement of the co-participants in research, which is usually not considered, is reviewed in the volume. The manner in which quantitative methods can be u

  5. THE STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ENGLISH AND ARABIC TEACHING AND LEARNING AT THE LANGUAGE AND CULTURE CENTER OF STATE INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES SHEKH NURJATI CIREBON

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmud Mahmud; Pangesti Wiedarti

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of English and Arabic teaching and learning the Language and Culture Center (LCC) at the State Institute for Islamic Studies Shekh Nurjati Cirebon (SIIS SNJ) based on the students’ perception. The study is to find out students’ opinion toward English and Arabic teaching and learning process and provide beneficial information for the teaching system in the LCC. This study used descriptive survey approach. The subjects were the students of English a...

  6. The Use of Mixed Code in Hong Kong English Language Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyle, Joseph

    1997-01-01

    Reviews use of mixed-code teaching in Hong Kong schools and outlines educators' efforts to persuade the government to accept mixed-code as not only inevitable, but preferable in most Hong Kong schools. Notes that English must be preserved for business purposes, but the Chinese medium of instruction is receiving greater emphasis as Hong Kong nears…

  7. Idea Sharing: Using Peer Assessment to Teach How to Make Oral Summaries in English Language Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanova, Olimpiada F.

    2014-01-01

    In this "Idea Sharing" article, the author describes the techniques used when teaching oral summary making to second-year students studying Business English at the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs of the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow. The techniques are based on peer assessment, which…

  8. Learn and Unlearn: Drama as an Effective Tool in Teaching English Language and Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Shibani Banerjee

    2014-01-01

    It is argued that learning the importance of positive reinforcement and unlearning the de-motivating and unfruitful experiences of one’s life can help students cope up with the existing inhibition about learning a foreign language and, in turn, can motivate them to do something productive and creative. In this respect, the role of drama, in EFL classroom, has been debated and recommended for achieving the intended effects. However, it has also been suggested that the motive of teaching a fore...

  9. Imported models : a tradition of english-language teaching in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Torre, Manuel Gomes da

    1995-01-01

    In this paper I try to demonstrate how the importance of the English language outside Britain was recognised by early Portuguese grammarians and how the latter were attentive, especially during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, to foreign models and transferred them to their books.

  10. Teaching Grammar to Adult English Language Learners: Focus on Form. CAELA Network Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallup Rodriguez, Amber

    2009-01-01

    Many adult English language learners place a high value on learning grammar. Perceiving a link between grammatical accuracy and effective communication, they associate excellent grammar with opportunities for employment and promotion, the attainment of educational goals, and social acceptance by native speakers. Reflecting the disagreement that…

  11. Instructional Design Using an In-House Built Teaching Assistant Robot to Enhance Elementary School English-as-a-Foreign-Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wen-Chi Vivian; Wang, Rong-Jyue; Chen, Nian-Shing

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a design for a cutting-edge English program in which elementary school learners of English as a foreign language in Taiwan had lively interactions with a teaching assistant robot. Three dimensions involved in the design included (1) a pleasant and interactive classroom environment as the learning context, (2) a teaching…

  12. The "Contextual Contact" in Grammar Microteachings in Teaching English as a Foreign Language: A Teacher Training Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarigöz, Iskender Hakki

    2015-01-01

    The grammar microteachings carried out by trainees in teacher education is a critical issue due to the fact that the teaching of grammar has always been a controversial issue throughout the foreign language teaching (FLT) acculturation. There is always some negative reaction to isolated teaching of grammar in communicative language teaching…

  13. Teaching English Through Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Murat Hi?mano?lu

    2005-01-01

    This paper aims at emphasizing the use of literature as a popular technique for teaching both basic language skills (i.e. reading, writing, listening and speaking) and language areas (i.e. vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation) in our times. Reasons for using literary texts in foreign language classroom and main criteria for selecting suitable literary texts in foreign language classes are stressed so as to make the reader familiar with the underlying reasons and criteria for language teacher...

  14. Misunderstandings of Communicative Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wen

    2008-01-01

    Although Communicative Language Teaching is accepted by many English teachers in China as one of the most effective approach in English language teaching, there are still a number of misunderstandings about it. By comparing Johnstone; Sato and Kleinsasser and Thompson as well as Spada, this article focuses on four of the main misunderstandings,…

  15. Using Educative Assessments to Support Science Teaching for Middle School English-language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxton, Cory A.; Allexsaht-Snider, Martha; Suriel, Regina; Kayumova, Shakhnoza; Choi, Youn-jeng; Bouton, Bobette; Baker, Melissa

    2013-03-01

    Grounded in Hallidayan perspectives on academic language, we report on our development of an educative science assessment as one component of the language-rich inquiry science for English-language learners teacher professional learning project for middle school science teachers. The project emphasizes the role of content-area writing to support teachers in diagnosing their students' emergent understandings of science inquiry practices, science content knowledge, and the academic language of science, with a particular focus on the needs of English-language learners. In our current school policy context, writing for meaningful purposes has received decreased attention as teachers struggle to cover large numbers of discrete content standards. Additionally, high-stakes assessments presented in multiple-choice format have become the definitive measure of student science learning, further de-emphasizing the value of academic writing for developing and expressing understanding. To counter these trends, we examine the implementation of educative assessment materials—writing-rich assessments designed to support teachers' instructional decision making. We report on the qualities of our educative assessment that supported teachers in diagnosing their students' emergent understandings, and how teacher-researcher collaborative scoring sessions and interpretation of assessment results led to changes in teachers' instructional decision making to better support students in expressing their scientific understandings. We conclude with implications of this work for theory, research, and practice.

  16. Lacunas identified in syllabus design of English language teaching in Engineering Colleges: a study with special reference to Odisha, India

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    Dr. Priya. S

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Many universities have introduced Humanities subjects into the engineering streams in tune with trends practiced globally. Engineers need to inculcate the spirit of humanities to acquire team spirit, critical thinking abilities and also problem-solving abilities for career advancement. Language skills empower engineers to face future challenges globally. In India also, Communicative English and Business English/ Professional English have been integrated into the Humanities stream of undergraduate programs in all Engineering colleges. Under this background, this empirical study examines the problems related to syllabus designed in the existing curricula of English language through questionnaire survey which was administered to 770 students of 20 engineering colleges. Ten items questionnaire objectively aimed to analyze three different aspects of the course designed for engineers. Firstly, to find out how the implementation of the syllabus matches the language learning needs of the students of the digital age. Secondly, to examine the teaching methodologies of four language skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing and finally to investigate how far the students preferred lab classes to theory classes. On the basis of the responses elicited, the aspects related to their immediate need of a learner centered curriculum are represented through graphical data for better interpretation. The research, thus, aimed at throwing light on the strengths and weaknesses of the existing system and the need to envisage a paradigm shift for preparing global engineers in the context of fast emerging situations around the world.

  17. English Language Teaching in Spain: Do Textbooks Comply with the Official Methodological Regulations? A Sample Analysis

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    Aquilino Sánchez

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to verify up to what point ELT textbooks used in Spanish educational settings comply with the official regulations prescribed, which fully advocate the Communicative Language Teaching Method (CLT. For that purpose, seven representative coursebooks of different educational levels and modalities in Spain – secondary, upper secondary, teenager and adult textbooks – were selected to be analysed. A full unit randomly selected from each coursebook was examined through the parameters of the communicative potential of the activities – measured on a scale from 0 to 10 – and the communicative nature of the methodological strategies implemented – measured on a dichotomous scale (yes/no. Global results per educational levels point to the prevailing communicative nature of all the materials, which was shown to be above 50%. The remaining non-communicative block was covered by activities focused on the formal features of language (grammar and vocabulary. This resulting degree of dissociation between official regulations and what is really found in teaching materials may be positive, since the learning of languages is complex and results from the intervention of multiple factors and learning styles, as is evidenced by the professional experience of teachers from different backgrounds and beliefs.

  18. Hearing the voices of alternatively certified teachers in Texas: Narratives of teaching English language learners in urban secondary mainstream classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zannou, Yetunde Mobola

    In Texas, nearly half of all new teachers are alternatively certified (AC) whilst English language learners (ELL) are over one-third of the public school population in some districts. As this trend continues, the likelihood that AC teachers will teach ELLs increases and alters what Texas teachers must know upon entering the classroom. This research explores teacher knowledge and beliefs about teaching ELLs through constructivist and narrative lenses. Four AC science teachers in two diverse school districts participated in in-depth interviews and reflective interviews following classroom observations to answer the research questions: (1) how do AC teachers describe and interpret their acts of teaching ELLs in mainstream classrooms; and (2) how do AC teachers describe and interpret their learning to teach ELLs in mainstream classrooms. Data were transcribed and analyzed using thematic narrative methods. This study found that participants saw ELL instruction as: (1) "just good teaching" strategies, (2) consisting primarily of cultural awareness and consideration for student comfort, and (3) less necessary in science where all students must learn the language. The most experienced teacher was the only participant to reference specific linguistic knowledge in describing ELL instruction. Many of the teachers described their work with ELL students as giving them an opportunity to improve their lives, which was consistent with their overall teaching philosophy and reason for entering the profession. Participant narratives about learning to teach ELLs described personal experience and person-to-person discussions as primary resources of knowledge. District support was generally described as unhelpful or incomplete. Participants portrayed their AC program as helpful in preparing them to work with ELL students, but everyone desired more relevant information from the program and more grade-appropriate strategies from the district. Participant narratives reveal AC teachers needed a pragmatic and less theoretical understanding of diversity during pre-service training. Participant tendency to draw upon "common sense", affective, and practical strategies in teaching ELL students in lieu of the state-mandated English language proficiency standards (ELPS) suggests AC programs should have teachers articulate and discuss their beliefs about ELL instruction in order to provide training targeted towards misconceptions about language development, particularly in science.

  19. A professional approach to English language teaching and learning in teacher’s training education

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    Rodríguez, Orlando

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the demands for giving a professionalized approach to the English teaching-learning process for future teachers at the universities of pedagogical sciences of Cuba, specifically at “Jose Marti” University of Camagüey. The treatment to the professionalized learning approach has generally been related to technical courses in the technical professional teaching. This approach needs contextualizing in the different courses or disciplines of higher education with the purpose of achieving the goal demanded by society of graduated teachers from higher education at their working scenarios. The teacher of English is no exception to this demand. Key words: professional approach, professional competency, users, analyst, professor

  20. Teaching English in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatia, Sugan Chand

    Proposed and actual constitutional changes made in 1963 and 1965 concerning the status of English in India are discussed in the light of nation-wide sociological implications. The author examines the position of Hindi and English as the official languages of the nation and comments on the continuing importance of English as the language of…

  1. EFL Teachers? Attitudes toward Using Computer Technology in English Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Abbas Pourhosein Gilakjani; Lai-Mei Leong

    2012-01-01

    Computers have become commonplace in our personal as well as our professional lives. Computers have made many of our everyday tasks easier and faster and made our society more productive. A very important set of variables such as the classroom teacher and the teacher’s attitudes towards the effective uses of computers in the classroom have been overlooked in EFL classrooms. This study investigates how teachers perceive the use of computer technology resources in English Language Teachin...

  2. An AI Framework to Teach English as a Foreign Language: CSIEC

    OpenAIRE

    Jia, Jiyou; Peking University

    2009-01-01

    CSIEC (Computer Simulation in Educational Communication), is not only an intelligent web-based human-computer dialogue system with natural language for English instruction, but also a learning assessment system for learners and teachers. Its multiple functions—including grammar-based gap filling exercises, scenario show, free chatting and chatting on a given topic—can satisfy the various requirements for students with different backgrounds and learning abilities. After a brief explanation of ...

  3. Approaches to the teaching of introductory literature courses in a Polish English Language Teacher Training College.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andy Dixon

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to outline approaches to a course entitled Introduction to Literature, which is frequently available to second-year undergraduates in Polish teacher training colleges and other institutes of higher education. While preparing students for subsequent courses in British and American literature and helping them towards mature responses to literary texts, the course aims to raise student teachers' awareness of the potential of literature in the learning/teaching situation and to provide them with examples of the integration of curricular areas. In addition, given that literature is an intrinsically interesting source of authentic language, it is intended that instruction should increase students' sensitivity to language and expand their vocabulary, thus promoting the development of the four skills.

  4. Approaches to the teaching of introductory literature courses in a Polish English Language Teacher Training College.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andy Dixon

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to outline approaches to a course entitled Introduction to Literature, which is frequently available to second-year undergraduates in Polish teacher training colleges and other institutes of higher education. While preparing students for subsequent courses in British and American literature and helping them towards mature responses to literary texts, the course aims to raise student teachers' awareness of the potential of literature in the learning/teaching situation and to provide them with examples of the integration of curricular areas. In addition, given that literature is an intrinsically interesting source of authentic language, it is intended that instruction should increase students' sensitivity to language and expand their vocabulary, thus promoting the development of the four skills.

  5. A Perspective-Based Reading of Culture in English Language Teaching: From the Conventional Perspective to the Intercultural Language Teaching Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Khaled Jebahi

    2013-01-01

    This paper reviews culture as perceived in a number of language teaching perspectives. The term “culture” and its relation with language has been a center of interest in different fields of studies. Because the term “culture” is borrowed between disciplines, it is understood differently and altered in the process by the goals and traditions of the borrowers. As such culture remains an elusive concept for the language teacher. Here, I attempt to understand how culture has been understood in d...

  6. Cambridge IGCSE English first language

    CERN Document Server

    Reynolds, John

    2013-01-01

    Revised edition for the 2015 syllabus to help your students prepare for their examination and enhance their enjoyment of English. This title has been written for the revised Cambridge IGCSE First Language English (0500 and 0522) syllabuses, for first teaching from 2013. ? Develops the skills necessary to become a better reader and writer. ? Offers detailed advice and preparation for the examination. ? Teaches skills for successful writing of essays and coursework assignment. We are working with Cambridge International Examinations to gain endorsement for this title.

  7. Implicit Beliefs about English Language Competencies in the Context of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: A Comparison of University Students and Lecturers in Namibia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otaala, Laura A.; Plattner, Ilse E.

    2013-01-01

    In many African countries, English is the medium of instruction in higher education even though students may not always be entirely familiar with "standard" English. This study aimed at investigating the relevance of English language competencies for teaching and learning from the perspective of students and lecturers. The study was…

  8. An Effective Role of E-Learning Technology For English Language Teaching By Using Meta Communication Actors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilknur ISTIFCI

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Meta communication plays a key role in foreign language learning and teaching. Broadly speaking, meta communication is communication about communication. Meta communication is something that goes beyond communication and all language learners and teachers should be familiar with its existence. It should be stressed that meta communication which accompanies any message is very powerful. In face to face writing lessons, the student can make emphasis on any point by utilizing larger fonts, capital letters, or bold fonts in his essay. However, in virtual learning environments, students can make use of emoticons like :- “happy”, :-( “sad”, :-/ “perplexed”, O.o “confused” to communicate about communication. Further, they can deploy some acronyms like (BTW= By the way, ASAP= as soon as possible, TM= tomorrow to easily convey their messages. It should be emphasized that E-learning applications (virtual worlds, second life, ICTs are very beneficial in foreign language learning and teaching since they create a platform for students and teachers to interact in a context with no boundaries of time and distance. In Transformational Generative Grammar, foreign language teachers describe syntactic structures in English by using grammatical symbols with meta communicational elements. For instance, every English Foreign Language-EFL or English Language Teaching-ELT teachers or students is familiar with the symbols and related meanings like (S= sentence, subject, V= verb, O= object, N= noun, NP= noun phrase, VP= verb phrase, etc.. On the other side, when teaching English pronunciation to Turkish EFL learners, foreign language teachers utilize phonetic symbols like /è, æ, å, ?, w, ?/ to write transcriptions of English words. These phonetic symbols have meta communicational elements in their composition because they communicate about communication. At this juncture, foreign language teachers should learn frequently used emoticons, keyboard symbols, acronyms, grammatical and phonetic symbols and they should teach them to their students to enable them to establish successful communication with other people.Globalization is consolidated by the extraordinary invasion of higher education by new technologies, especially the Internet. Major changes in the social and economical conditions in Europe and worldwide force new needs and trends upon the technology. The main challenge for “the knowledge society of the future” is to ensure that each member of the society has the opportunity of continuous professional development, frequent retraining and obtaining new competences, mastering new information technologies (IT, lifelong learning (LLL, and so on. Within the education sector, a number of continuous efforts are taking place to stimulate the use of ICT at all levels of education. E-Learning has introduced new approaches of instructional delivery where the roles of teacher and student have significantly changed. The integration of information and communication technologies into the education field is in constant progression and generates empirical approaches for educational environment design. Some research projects in distance learning are introduced in the world.

  9. READING BASED-CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES: AN EFFORT TOWARD THE INTEGRATION OF LANGUAGE SKILLS IN TEACHING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Hadi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This paper proposes the implementation of reading-based classroom activities for teaching English as a foreign language in Indonesia. Compared to other language skills, reading is viewed to provide a relatively stable foundation for Indonesian students to develop their communicative competence in English. It is argued that reading-focused activities stimulate confidence for Indonesian learners to get involved in listening, speaking, and writing related-activities in ways that are similar to normal daily life communication. The reasons for the proposed implementation of reading-based classroom activities in TEFLIN and the role of reading and its relation with other language skills are presented.

  10. Acquisition of Mathematical Language: Suggestions and Activities for English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cirillo, Michelle; Bruna, Katherine Richardson; Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we describe aspects of mathematical language that could be problematic to English-language learners, provide recommendations for teaching English-language learners, and suggest activities intended to foster language development in mathematics. (Contains 1 figure.)

  11. Teaching English in Primary Schools in Vietnam: An Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoa, Nguyen Thi Mai; Tuan, Nguyen Quoc

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the English language situation at primary school level in Vietnam from a language planning perspective. It examines language policy for foreign language teaching in Vietnam to provide a picture of the role of English in foreign language education. It analyses language-in-education policy, curriculum and teaching materials, and…

  12. Teaching the Spoken Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Gillian

    1981-01-01

    Issues involved in teaching and assessing communicative competence are identified and applied to adolescent native English speakers with low levels of academic achievement. A distinction is drawn between transactional versus interactional speech, short versus long speaking turns, and spoken language influenced or not influenced by written…

  13. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENGLISH LANGUAGE ANXIETY AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE COMPETENCE: A CORRELATION STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BIJU M.A

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available English language has become a global language with the advent of Globalisation. Naturally English language learning has got increased importance as English is the language for the global communication. English is a second language for Indian sand often mother tongue hampers the English acquisition of most of the Indians. NCF 2005 has underlined that significance of teaching of English as early as possible so that the learners may have a native speaker like fluency in English. Based on these guidelines Kerala government introduced English Language teaching from class 1 onwards. Teaching of English also affects the quality student acquisition of English. Anxiety is often produced when one tries to interact in English which can affect the language proficiency of the learners. Teacher competence in English and their anxiety can have an influential impact on learners. This study found out that there is a negative correlation between English language anxiety and English language competence of Elementary teacher trainees in Kerala. As elementary teachers have an influential role in developing different competence of the young learners including English language competence, this paper puts foreword a number of suggestion to reduce the anxiety evoking situations and to improve English language competence of the trainees.

  14. On Interrelations between Language Teaching and Speech Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Xianmei Sun

    2012-01-01

    There exists a universal problem in college English teaching among most colleges in China: most teachers have laid too much emphasis on language teaching, but awfully neglected speech teaching. Thus the competence of language application and intercultural communication students urgently needed cannot be developed and the phenomenon of "deaf English" appeared. The amount of language teaching and speech teaching are out of rate. In order to change the situation, the current college English teac...

  15. 77 FR 6168 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys, OMB...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ... Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys, OMB Control Number 1405... Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: Fulbright English Teaching Assistantship (ETA) Program...: Voluntary. Title of Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: English Language Specialist...

  16. Teaching English as a Second Language Giving New Learners an Everyday Grammar

    CERN Document Server

    McGarry, Richard

    2012-01-01

    This guide examines the concepts that most often confound ESL students, whose confusion can generally be reduced to one very basic question: Why does English work that way? Focusing on the grammar of conversational speech, the book goes beyond simple description of the parts of speech, tenses and modes, and other topics of instruction to consider the cultural differences in language use (for native speakers of Japanese, for instance, the painting may be on the wall--but the wall is also on the painting) and even the neuroscience of our speech patterns. With 36 illustrations, an annotated bibli

  17. On Adding Cultural Contents to English Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Yanping Huang

    2011-01-01

    In order to put the achievement of Cross-cultural Communication reaches into foreign language teaching practice as soon as possible and to increase the cultural contents to English teaching, this paper would put forward the following three respects: Why to increase the contents of culture in English teaching, Which contents of culture should be added and how to increase cultural contents to English teaching.

  18. A study of the dominant type of technique (controlled, semicontrolled and free) of two english teachers from a languages teaching program

    OpenAIRE

    Gavilán Galindo, Francia del Pilar

    2009-01-01

    This article shows the process and emerging results from a study held at a private university in Bogotá, Colombia. It aims at describing and interpreting the dominant kind of language teaching technique: controlled, semicontrolled and free (Brown, 2001) within the context of two first semester English teachers of a languages teaching program. Data collection was based upon class observations, teachers’ logs and a semi-structured interview that permitted triangulation of information in order t...

  19. Language Variation and the Implication for Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Changjuan Zhan

    2011-01-01

    Teaching English as a foreign language in China has many problems, among which the biggest one is students’ incompetence in language use. In order to help Chinese learners have a better idea of language use, this paper takes a sociolinguistic view at language variations and offers suggestions for language teaching.

  20. VOCATIONAL COLLEGE STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS OF A NEWLY IMPLEMENTED ONLINE COURSE OF TEACHING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah YÖRDEM

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the student satisfaction with the Online English Language courses piloted for the first time at a Vocational College in a remote town located in the north-west of Turkey in 2014-2015 educational year. These courses were designed with a format of face-to-face testing and online delivery of course materials. Data were collected from students both quantitatively and qualitatively using a survey which included seven likert scale attitude questions and two open-ended questions where they had to express their opinions about either face-to-face or online courses of which they thought was more advantageous and relevant for them. Twenty three female and a hundred and eighty four male students attending ten different departments, aged mostly eighteen and nineteen years participated in our study. Quantitative data from the students indicate that while 52% of the whole participants thought that online teaching of English as a foreign language was not useful for them at all, just 6% of the students declared that the online teaching system was very useful. To the question whether they preferred online or face-to-face learning, quite surprisingly, 82% of the participants declared that they preferred face-to-face learning. As to why they preferred the particular kind of teaching; the online course proponents cited mostly “comfortness” and “no-attendance obligation”; on the other hand, the face-to-face advocates mostly cited “effectiveness of learning from a live instructor” and “possibility of asking questions when something is not clear” and “lacking of technical equipment “or “internet access”.

  1. The Effect of Explicit Teaching of English "Thanking Formulas" on Iranian EFL Intermediate Level Students at English Language Institutes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghobadi, Arezoo; Fahim, Mansoor

    2009-01-01

    Since the early 1980s, researchers have established that the foreign language learners' development of various aspects of pragmatic competence may be facilitated by the instruction of pragmatic routines and strategies in the foreign language classroom (Kasper and Rose, 2001). Consistent with this line of research this study, using conversations…

  2. WEB-QUESTS IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE STUDYING AND TEACHING AS A VALUABLE RESOURCE AND EFFECTIVE TOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. M. Pererva

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. This paper is a study of innovative methods of learning and teaching English with the help of Internet resources and students motivation to seek the necessary information at homework. Methodology. The main principle of the Web-Quest as a type of English language teaching is to motivate students. For example, by participation in the Web-Quest students, who were unsure of their knowledge, become more confident. Having clear goals and objectives, using computer skills, motivated young people more actively acts as a confident user of English. Findings. According to the technology of We-Quests students were asked to create one or more projects directly related to the successful execution of the work. It is a significant result of all the hard work of students, and it is the subject of evaluation. Evaluation is an essential component of Web-Quest or any other project, and from this point of view, the criteria should be clear and accessible to students from the very beginning. These instructions can and should be changed in order to differentiate and provide an oral presentation and written work. Originality. Basically, Web-Quests are mini-projects in which a higher percentage of the material obtained from the Internet. They can be created by teachers or students, depending on the type of training work. The author detailed the increase of possibilities in the search of Internet projects with other creative types of student work. They may include: review of the literature, essay writing, discussion of read works and other. Practical value. The paper confirmed that the roles and tasks, reflecting the real world, invites to cooperate, stimulate and train the thinking process at a higher level. That is why the use of Web-Quests can improve the language skills of the educational process (reading for information extraction, detailed reading, negotiations, oral and written communication, and other.

  3. Case study: Teaching Finnish - English Language for Specific Purposes (LSP) Legal Translation at the University of Helsinki

    OpenAIRE

    Garant, Mikel

    2013-01-01

    Finland is widely recognized as one of the top countries to live in, with transparency and an excellent education system, which provides for top English proficiencies. The applied English translation case study that is examined in this paper focuses on Finnish into English legal translation teaching coupled with studying at the University of Helsinki. Scrutiny of the course structure, teaching materials and teaching methods was undertaken as part of the empirical research and the efficiency o...

  4. Modular Sequence: English as a Second Language, Methods and Techniques. TTP 001.06 Morphology: Teaching English Structures to Spanish Speakers. Teacher Corps Bilingual Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Alberto; Melnick, Susan L.

    This learning module is designed to provide the prospective teacher of English as second language with a contrastive overview of the syntactic structures of Spanish and English and to enable him to: (a) state the English language patterns that are difficult for a Puerto Rican Spanish-speaker, (b) explain the specific causes for indications of…

  5. ACCA College English Teaching Mode

    OpenAIRE

    Renlun Ding

    2008-01-01

    This paper elucidates a new college English teaching mode – “ACCA” (Autonomous Cooperative Class-teaching All-round College English Teaching Mode). Integrated theories such as autonomous learning and cooperative learning into one teaching mode, “ACCA”, which is being developed and advanced in practice as well, is the achievement of college English teaching reform, this new teaching mode will contribute a lot to the reform of college English teaching.

  6. Practical Strategies for English Situational Teaching in Colleges

    OpenAIRE

    Suping TIAN; Zhenmei SHI

    2014-01-01

    The situational teaching is an effective and practical teaching model. Through implementing situational teaching in practical college English teaching, we can more effectively improve the effect of the teaching. The traditional teaching method mostly adopts the direct teaching method in college English courses because college English is a language courses. It is not conducive to creating feeling interactions between teachers and students. Through implementing situational teaching, we can make...

  7. Language Training : English Training

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2004-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 04 October 2004 to 11 February 2005 (3 weeks break at Christmas). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) For further information, please contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Date and timetable will be fixed when there are sufficient participants enrolled. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 languag...

  8. Language Training: English Training

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2004-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 04 October 2004 to 11 February 2005 (3 weeks break at Christmas). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) For further information, please contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Date and timetable will be fixed when there are sufficient participants enrolled. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 languag...

  9. Teaching Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyers, Laura F.

    1986-01-01

    The article details on three classroom projects using computers and synthesized speech software to foster expressive language and facilitate language comprehension in severely visually handicapped preschoolers and in preschool- and school-age Downs syndrome children. Computer use with a cerebral palsied child for story comprehension and…

  10. PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES OF LEARNING THROUGH A SECOND LANGUAGE: THE CASE OF TEACHING OF SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS IN ENGLISH IN THE MALAYSIAN PRIMARY SCHOOLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tan Yao Sua

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2003, there was a significant change in the language policy in theMalaysian education system whereby the Malaysian government decidedto introduce English as a language medium to teach science andmathematics at all levels of the education system in stages. The aim of the policy was to arrest declining standards of English amongMalaysian students. The implementation of this policy was mostcontentious at the primary school level involving two different models of implementation: bilingual model for the Chinese primary school and maximum exposure model for the national school and the Tamil primary school. This paper examines the problems and challenges of implementing the policy of teaching science and mathematics in English in the Malaysian primary schools, which entails learning through a second language. It looks at some of the theoretical constructs pertaining to choice of language as well as learning through a second language. These theoretical constructs offer some perspective lights on the implementation of the policy of teaching science and mathematics in English in the Malaysian primary schools by highlighting its strengths and weaknesses. Based on these theoretical constructs, this paper posits the bilingual model adopted by the Chinese primary schools as a better model to facilitate learning through a second language during the earlyyears of schooling.

  11. Teaching the Future: On the Use of Science Fiction in English Language Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockwell, Peter

    2001-01-01

    Outlines the features of "pulpstyle" and its continuing influence on later science fiction. Considers some science fiction texts that explicitly address language issues. These ideas are related to practical techniques of using science fiction in the language classroom. (Author/VWL)

  12. Teaching English for Specific Purposes

    OpenAIRE

    Nijol? Netikšien?

    2011-01-01

    Teaching English for Specific Purposes and General English is analysed in the article. The scientific approach of a scientist M. Rosenberg is presented. The experience of teaching English for Specific Purposesat VGTU is alsopresented. The ideas and teaching methods from the classes of general English can be transferred to the classes of English for Specific Purposes.

  13. Problems of Teaching English to Amerindian Children in Guyana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Walter F.

    1981-01-01

    Describes phonology and grammar differences between Amerindian languages and English to show difficulties in teaching English as a second language to Amerindian children in Guyana. Suggests prerequisites and characteristics of English language teaching programs necessary for a well-grounded program. (BK)

  14. An Effective Role of E-Learning Technology for English Language Teaching by Using Meta Communication Actors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Istifci, Ilknur; Lomidazde, Tamar; Demiray, Ugur

    2011-01-01

    Meta communication plays a key role in foreign language learning and teaching. Broadly speaking, meta communication is communication about communication. Meta communication is something that goes beyond communication and all language learners and teachers should be familiar with its existence. It should be stressed that meta communication which…

  15. English as a Second Language Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timiraos, Carmen R.

    This teacher's manual is part of an English as a Second Language Packet which aims to (1) demonstrate to participants the audiolingual approach to teaching language, (2) show participants the components of an audiolingual program, (3) convince participants of the effectiveness of the audiolingual method, (4) motivate participants to adapt the…

  16. Teachers of the future: Perceived teaching competences and visions of pre-service English language teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Hatice Gülru Yüksel

    2014-01-01

    The changes observed in the early 1990s have altered the conceptions of learning and teaching in the 21st century, which in turn have raised questions about the nature of teacher education and the core knowledge and skills to be taught to student teachers. Gaining insights about how student teachers project themselves as teachers of 21st century and how they assess their teaching capabilities became crucial for teacher educators and policy makers. This study was conducted with 40 pre-service ...

  17. ‘There’s a hippo on my stoep’: Constructions of English second language teaching and learners in the new National Senior Certificate

    OpenAIRE

    Moeain Arend; Rochelle Kapp

    2011-01-01

    The focus of this paper is an analysis of the conceptualisation of language teaching and the construction of learners in the new National Senior Certificate grade 12 curriculum and examinations taken by students for whom English is an additional language. The paper examines the values, attitudes and beliefs, as well as the required levels of cognitive engagement and notions of reading and writing. The authors argue that the curriculum represents a significant improvement on the previous versi...

  18. Why Teach English?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, David

    2002-01-01

    Describes many reasons why the author decided to teach English as an occupation. Suggests that jobs should be ones people enjoy, ones they look forward to getting out of bed for in the morning. Notes that people ought to do what they excel at with no consideration for financial reward. Suggests that those who study good literature find epiphanies.…

  19. Italian and the English S-Genitive: A Contrastive Analysis and its Pedagogical Implications for the Teaching of Italian as a Foreign Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semino, Elena

    1995-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to give a systematic account of the cases where there is no straightforward equivalence between an s-genitive and a "di" PP and to assess the relevance of such an analysis for the teaching of Italian as a foreign language in an English-speaking environment. (Author)

  20. Planeamiento de la unidad didactica en le ensenanza del ingles como idioma extranjero (Planning the Teaching Unit in the Instruction of English as a Foreign Language).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medina T., Rene

    1971-01-01

    This paper discusses the use of the teaching unit as a means for organization in English-as-a-foreign-language classes. It lists the essential elements in the construction of such a unit: cultural topic, linguistic elements, time period, main objectives, instructional materials, focus, specific activities, intended results, evaluation techniques,…

  1. The Impact of a Training Program Based on Pedagogical Knowledge on Improving the Speaking and Writing Skills Teaching Practices of Female English Language Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weshah, Hani A.; Tomok, Tamara N.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of a training program based on pedagogical knowledge on improving the speaking and writing skills teaching practices of female English language teachers. The participants consisted of 30 teachers: 10 as an experimental group and 20 as a control group. To answer the study questions, the researchers developed a…

  2. English language knowledge for secondary teachers

    CERN Document Server

    Ross, Alison

    2013-01-01

    If teachers are to successfully develop their students' English language skills it is vital that they overcome any existing lack of confidence and training in grammar and language concepts. Language Knowledge for Secondary Teachers is an accessible book aiming to equip secondary teachers with the knowledge they need to teach language effectively. It clearly explains the essential concepts for language study, introduces the terminology needed for 'talking about language' and shows how this knowledge can be applied to the skills of reading, writing, speaking and listening. This

  3. English Teaching & Learning, 2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    English Teaching & Learning, 2002

    2002-01-01

    This journal, written in primarily in Chinese, contains the following papers: "Introducing Web-Based Technology Enhanced Language Learning (TELL) Courses and Resources for In-Service EFL Teachers" (Hao-Jan Chen); "A Survey of Primary School English Education in Miao-li County" (Yu-Fang Chang); "Interactions between Classroom Activity, Enjoyment,…

  4. A Study of the Teaching of Culture in College English

    OpenAIRE

    Decheng Jiang

    2010-01-01

    Language is a system of arbitrary vocal symbols used for human communication. It is closely and intricately related to culture. It is part of culture. And as carriers of culture, language reflects culture. This essay dwells on the digging of the relationship between the language teaching, especially English teaching, and culture teaching today, and tries to find a more suitable method of language teaching as well as culture teaching.

  5. Submission Letters across English Language Teaching and Mathematics: The Case of Iranian Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalilifar, Alireza

    2009-01-01

    Submitting an article to an English journal for publication requires enclosing an accompanying cover letter. Yet, the phraseology and rhetorical conventions of such letters are not comprehensively documented in literature. This article investigates two English corpora of genuine electronic submission letters to journal editors by Iranian English…

  6. Teaching Short Science Fiction Stories in English as a Foreign Language in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoreda, Margaret Lee

    This paper describes an advanced English course at a Mexican university entitled, "Short Science Fiction Stories in English." The course is based on an ecological, co-emergent approach in which the various components of curriculum action are understood to exist in a dynamic and mutually specifying relationship. With this conceptual approach, the…

  7. The Application of Task-based Language Teaching to English Reading Classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Zan Mao

    2012-01-01

    Task-based approach is a new approach in education practice. In task-based classroom, the chief focus is the performance of tasks. The task, rather than being a unit of grammar to be digested or a collection of lexical items to be remembered, is a means of learning the language by doing tasks. It requires exposure to comprehensive input and opportunities to interact in the language. The task has to be negotiated by the learners with the help of the teacher, whose job is to facilitate learning...

  8. The English as a Foreign Language/Lingua Franca Debate: Sensitising Teachers of English as a Foreign Language towards Teaching English as a Lingua Franca (El debate del inglés como lengua extranjera o como lengua franca: sensibilización de docentes de inglés como lengua extranjera hacia la enseñanza del inglés como lengua franca)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansfield, Gillian; Poppi, Franca

    2012-01-01

    The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities…

  9. Adaptive Teaching for English Language Arts: Following the Pathway of Classroom Data in Preservice Teacher Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athanases, Steven Z.; Bennett, Lisa H.; Wahleithner, Juliet Michelsen

    2015-01-01

    Consensus exists that effective teaching includes capacity to adapt instruction to respond to student learning challenges as they arise. Adaptive teachers may keep pace with rapidly evolving youth literacies and students' increasing cultural and linguistic diversity. Teachers are challenged to critically examine pedagogy when some contexts expect…

  10. Proposing a Knowledge Base for Teaching Academic Content to English Language Learners: Disciplinary Linguistic Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkan, Sultan; De Oliveira, Luciana C.; Lee, Okhee; Phelps, Geoffrey

    2014-01-01

    Background/Context: The current research on teacher knowledge and teacher accountability falls short on information about what teacher knowledge base could guide preparation and accountability of the mainstream teachers for meeting the academic needs of ELLs. Most recently, research on specialized knowledge for teaching has offered ways to…

  11. A Study on the Impact of Using Multimedia to Improve the Quality of English Language Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Pourhosein Gilakjani

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important uses of technology is that it makes it easy for instructors to incorporate multimedia into their teaching. There are different multimedia tools. Three of the most popular ones are visual, auditory, and kinaesthetic in which students take in information. Some students are visual learners, while others are auditory or kinaesthetic learners. While students use all of their senses to take in information, they seem to have preferences in how they learn best. In order to help students learn, teachers need to teach as many of these preferences as possible. Therefore, teachers can incorporate these multimedia tools in their curriculum activities so that students are able to succeed in their classes. This study is an analysis of multimedia tools for Iranian EFL students. Over 100 students complete a questionnaire to determine if their multimedia tools are auditory, visual, or kinaesthetic. The purpose of this study is to increase faculty awareness and understanding of the impact of multimedia tools on the teaching process. A review of the literature along with analysis of the data will determine how multimedia tools affect the teaching process.

  12. Language Training: English Training

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2004-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 04 October 2004 to 11 February 2005 (3 weeks break at Christmas). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) For further information, please contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Date and timetable will be fixed when there are sufficient participants enrolled. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 langua...

  13. Communicative Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Mora, Karina C.

    2009-01-01

    This portfolio is a compilation of second language teaching research and ideas put together during the author’s time as a MSLT student. It includes a personal teaching philosophy supported by three related artifacts. It also contains an annotated bibliography with an overview of some of the research examined during her time in the program. Her personal teaching philosophy underscores how communicative language teaching can help students learn language through meaningful use....

  14. Creativity in language teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Jack C Richards

    2014-01-01

    One quality among the many that characterize effective teachers is the ability to bring a creative disposition to teaching. In second language teaching, creativity has also been linked to levels of attainment in language learning. Many of the language tasks favored by contemporary language teaching methods are believed to release creativity in learners – particularly those involving studentcentred, interaction-based, and open-ended elements. Drawing on teacher narratives and co...

  15. Creativity in Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Jack C Richards

    1985-01-01

    One quality among the many that characterize effective teachers is the ability to bring a creative disposition to teaching. In second language teaching, creativity has also been linked to levels of attainment in language learning. Many of the language tasks favored by contemporary language teaching methods are believed to release creativity in learners – particularly those involving studentcentred, interaction-based, and open-ended elements. Drawing on teacher narratives and co...

  16. English-for-Teaching: Rethinking Teacher Proficiency in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Donald; Katz, Anne; Garcia Gomez, Pablo; Burns, Anne

    2015-01-01

    The expansion of English teaching in state education systems places increasing demands on English language teachers and how they are trained. A major thrust of these efforts has focused on improving teachers' English language proficiency. This expectation is manifested in policy and pedagogical directives that teachers "teach English in…

  17. English-for-Teaching: Rethinking Teacher Proficiency in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Donald; Katz, Anne; Garcia Gomez, Pablo; Burns, Anne

    2015-01-01

    The expansion of English teaching in state education systems places increasing demands on English language teachers and how they are trained. A major thrust of these efforts has focused on improving teachers' English language proficiency. This expectation is manifested in policy and pedagogical directives that teachers "teach English in…

  18. Resisting Magic Waves: Ideologies of "English Language Teaching" in Iranian Newspaper Advertisements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirhosseini, Seyyed-Abdolhamid

    2015-01-01

    Discourse practices play crucial roles in shaping the cultural environment of social events and, therefore, influence how they actually take place. Promotional materials and media advertisements are significant instances of such discourses through which understandings of social practices, including language education, are both reflected and…

  19. Expressive Language and the Art of English Teaching: Theorizing the Relationship between Literature and Oral Narrative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juzwik, Mary M.; Sherry, Michael B.

    2007-01-01

    How do teachers in diverse classrooms enact a transactional mode of literary response in their orchestration of classroom conversations about literature? This paper proposes that a theory of expressive language is central to answering this question and that the discourse genre of oral narratives may hold critical importance in accomplishing this…

  20. The Relationship between Iranian English Language Teachers' and Learners' Gender and Their Perceptions of an Effective English Language Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shishavan, Homa Babai

    2010-01-01

    In this study English language teachers and learners engaged in teaching and learning of English in Iranian universities, high schools and private language institutes were asked about characteristics of an effective English language teacher. The aim of the study was to investigate whether male and female teachers and learners of English hold…

  1. Emerging from English as a Foreign Language to English as an International Language within a Changing Global Context: Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baccaglini, Gale W.

    2013-01-01

    In this qualitative study eight international scholars and practitioners of English were interviewed in order to understand their viewpoints about how English language teaching is evolving from a role of English as a Foreign Language to one of English as an International Language in this contemporary world in which there are more nonnative…

  2. Utilising fiction to promote English language acquisition

    CERN Document Server

    Alami, Suhair Al

    2013-01-01

    The teaching of English in the United Arab Emirates is based upon the communicative approach and aims to enable EFL students to employ language skills for communication purposes, as appropriate. Personal experience and the author's colleagues' observations, however, reveal that a number of EFL university students fail to achieve adequate communicative competence, which, in turn, does not qualify them to exploit the foreign language of English as required by their curricula as well as by today...

  3. Authority in language investigating standard English

    CERN Document Server

    Milroy, James

    2012-01-01

    Authority in Language explores the perennially topical and controversial notion of correct and incorrect language.James and Lesley Milroy cover the long-running debate over the teaching of Standard English in Britain and compare the language ideologies in Britain and the USA, involving a discussion of the English-Only movement and the Ebonics controversy. They consider the historical process of standardisation and its social consequences, in particular discrimination against low-status and ethnic minority groups on the basis of their language traits.

  4. Knowlege, Literacies and the teaching of reading English as a foreign language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Salager-Meyer

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses some key issues cutting across disciplinary fields and influencing EFL reading teaching and research. Reading models have been informed by Information and Knowledge Management paradigms, gradually focusing on different components of prior knowledge and schemata. Lexis has proven to be determinant in cognitive models, as it provides direct access to concepts, stocked as semantic propositions. But schemata are built in the speaker’s mind according to the individual experiences, depicting reading acts as meaning creation on a socio-pragmatic basis. Secondly, the parallel evolution of the Literacy and Reading concepts calls up for multi-literacy approaches, which integrate digital competence into the learning goals, as technologies force changes in information, the way we access it, and on the pedagogical approaches to learning, and to EFL reading. The role of overt teaching, meta-cognitive strategies and individual factors, such as motivation or attitudes, continue being the focus of present and future research.

  5. EMPOWERMENT OF THE MARGINALIZED (UNDERPRIVELISED) THROUGH ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING/LEARNING

    OpenAIRE

    ASHOK KUMAR.B. SURAPUR

    2013-01-01

    It is a common knowledge that, Amartye sen the outstanding economist and noble prize winner in economics, suggested two major areas of investments-education and Health, to uplift the country from the state of poverty, ill health, illeracy and unemployment ,into a modern financial, vibrant society. Accordingly both the U.G.C and state governments are investing massive funds into the development of educational infrastructure, like universities, quality – teaching personnel, educationalist are g...

  6. Knowlege, Literacies and the Teaching of Reading English as a Foreign Language

    OpenAIRE

    Françoise Salager-Meyer; Piedad Fernández Toledo

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses some key issues cutting across disciplinary fields and influencing EFL reading teaching and research. Reading models have been informed by Information and Knowledge Management paradigms, gradually focusing on different components of prior knowledge and schemata. Lexis has proven to be determinant in cognitive models, as it provides direct access to concepts, stocked as semantic propositions. But schemata are built in the speaker’s mind according to the individua...

  7. A Study on the Impact of Using Multimedia to Improve the Quality of English Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Abbas Pourhosein Gilakjani

    2012-01-01

    One of the most important uses of technology is that it makes it easy for instructors to incorporate multimedia into their teaching. There are different multimedia tools. Three of the most popular ones are visual, auditory, and kinaesthetic in which students take in information. Some students are visual learners, while others are auditory or kinaesthetic learners. While students use all of their senses to take in information, they seem to have preferences in how they learn best. In order to h...

  8. Error in the learning and teaching of english as a second language at higher education level

    OpenAIRE

    Mestre i Mestre, Eva María

    2011-01-01

    Linguistic error has proven to be a recurrent area of interest for researchers. There exist several types of approaches to error; some studies have focused on specific errors, such as grammatical errors, others on more general or exogenous issues, such as the perception of error of the group object of study, etc. From the point of view of methodology, some have been dedicated to the definition and description of error, while others have studied the identification of erroneous uses of language...

  9. Learners Involvement in Materials Selection for Teaching English in Language Classroom at Aligarh Muslim University

    OpenAIRE

    Sheema Fatima

    2014-01-01

    The onset of the present paper throws light on materials selection and traditional outlook. Then the paper discusses four types of materials, more specifically, instructional, experiential, exploratory and elicitative materials and their use in language classroom. It discusses the role relationship between teachers, learners and materials in the present scenario at Aligarh Muslim University, keeping in consideration the requirements of the changing times. The paper aims to highlight the posit...

  10. A Study on the Vagueness in English Language Teaching from the Pragmatic Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Fang Xi

    2013-01-01

    Vagueness, as an intrinsic feature of human language, has caused much attention. Many researches on vagueness have already been done in different fields, namely in daily conversations, newspapers, advertisements, science, literature, business affairs, and the like. However, up to now, most researches on vagueness have been confined to the semantic field, while the pragmatic perspective had not been paid much attention to yet. Besides, so far, much effort has been made on the theoretical study...

  11. The analysis of language competence and students’ needs in teaching English for medical purposes to students of medicine, dentistry and health care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markovi? Vuk

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The paper deals with the analysis of the language competence of the students of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Care at the Medical School of Novi Sad University at the level of their basic language skills of general English and English for Medical Purposes. It also presents the analysis of students’ needs of these skills within the field of teaching English for Medical Purposes. Objectives. The aim of the study was to determine the level of students’ language skills, knowledge of general and medical vocabulary and of academic writing in English and to determine which of the skills have the greatest priority in teaching English for Medical Purposes. Materials and methods. The students were given a questionnaire and were asked to grade their language skills and knowledge of general and medical vocabulary and of academic writing on the scale from one to five. For the same skills, the students had to determine the level of priority in teaching English for Medical Purposes. Results. The results were given for each of the groups of students evaluated, and the average grade was calculated for all the skills. The students’ needs in terms of the priority of the evaluated skills were also presented in the same manner. Analysis. Students’ skills were analyzed according to the average grade acquired through the students’ self-evaluation. The distinction was made between the general language skills and the knowledge of medical vocabulary and academic writing. The analysis of needs was conducted with the same distinction in mind. The study groups were analyzed separately and the general common conclusions for all the groups were made. Conclusion. For a successful program of English for Medical Purposes, it is necessary to conduct ”the level of general language competence” test and to test the students’ needs beforehand. The difference in the level of knowledge between different study groups points to a need of a student oriented teaching program. The analysis of needs shows the importance of all language skills which have to be included in the course of teaching English for Medical Purposes.

  12. Resources for teaching English

    CERN Document Server

    Ceranic, Helena

    2011-01-01

    English teachers constantly have to think up new ways to engage their class. It's hard enough for teachers to fit all their marking, extra-curricular duties and training into their lives, let alone finding time to think up exciting new ways of introducing Dickens, or designing activities to bring Caribbean poetry to life. Resources for Teaching English 11-14 provides complete, curriculum-friendly lesson plans and student worksheets for busy secondary school teachers. This resource comprises an assortment of more than 70 lesson plans, each designed to motivate and inspire students and

  13. Ambiguities and Tensions in English Language Teaching: Portraits of EFL Teachers as Legitimate Speakers. ESL & Applied Linguistics Professional Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayer, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The central theme of this book is the ambiguities and tensions teachers face as they attempt to position themselves in ways that legitimize them as language teachers, and as English speakers. Focusing on three EFL teachers and their schools in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca, it documents how ordinary practices of language educators are…

  14. Some suggestions for adapting group and pair work techniques in teaching English as a second language in Tanzania

    OpenAIRE

    Igwilla, Juma C.

    1989-01-01

    English is regarded as a second language in Tanzania for it is the major language of law, government, education, business and industry. It is important that it is a compulsory subject in the curriculum - from primary to tertiary education level. The central point for discussion will be on the class management problem created with whole class instruction in a communicative approach.

  15. Using Incremental Rehearsal to Teach Letter Sounds to English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahn, Naomi L.; Wilson, Jennifer; Egan, Andrea; Brandes, Dana; Kunkel, Amy; Peterson, Meredith; McComas, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the effects of incremental rehearsal (IR) on letter sound expression for one kindergarten and one first grade English learner who were below district benchmark for letter sound fluency. A single-subject multiple-baseline design across sets of unknown letter sounds was used to evaluate the effect of IR on letter-sound expression…

  16. Language Training: English

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2005-01-01

    Oral Expression The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Timetable: Tuesday 11.30 to 13.30 Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is designed for people with a good level of spoken English. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. For registration and further information on these courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mrs. Benz: Tel. 73127. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 langu...

  17. Language Training: English

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2004-01-01

    Oral Expression The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Timetable: Tuesday 11.30 to 13.30 Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is designed for people with a good level of spoken English. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. For registration and further information on these courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mrs. Benz: Tel. 73127. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 langua...

  18. An Effective Role of E-Learning Technology For English Language Teaching By Using Meta Communication Actors

    OpenAIRE

    ISTIFCI, Ilknur; LOMIDAZDE, Tamar; Ugur DEMIRAY

    2011-01-01

    Meta communication plays a key role in foreign language learning and teaching. Broadly speaking, meta communication is communication about communication. Meta communication is something that goes beyond communication and all language learners and teachers should be familiar with its existence. It should be stressed that meta communication which accompanies any message is very powerful. In face to face writing lessons, the student can make emphasis on any point by utilizing larger fonts, capit...

  19. A Comparative Study Of The Use Of Infinitive In English And Albanian Language. Teaching English Grammar To Albanian Learners Based On A Comparison.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artemisa Dralo

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Today, interest in developing courses that provide interdisciplinary perspectives is increasing. In this way, we could obviously illustrate and give exact comparisons for our learners of English as a second language, in order to avoid their misconception and later incorrect usage of exact grammatical patterns. Thus a detailed study particularly upon the key patterns of each language, especially the correct usage of verbs, is necessary not even for the learner, but also for the teacher and especially for a linguist. The aim of this study is the correct usage and explanation of non-finite verbs for the learner of English as a second language. Teachers of all levels of English language have usually been confronted with this problem, while explaining grammar and trying to adjust the similarities and differences of English non-finites with the Albanian forms. This article focuses as well on the morphological and syntactical aspect and the structure of non-finite verbs within sentences in English and Albanian language, the problem of whether verbs are followed by the gerund or infinitive, especially in English but in a comparison to Albanian language and their equivalence. 

  20. Teaching in a foreign language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Preisler, Bent

    The internationalization of universities puts pressure on all educational programs to use English as the language of instruction. Therefore research on the internationalization of universities in EFL countries[1] should obviously include a strong (though far from exclusive) focus on the impact of...... English. This paper is an example of this, focusing specifically on teacher discourse in an English-language context at a Danish university. It is part of the preparation for a project investigating the relationship between linguistic performance and academic authority for university teachers teaching...... investigating such issues. Obviously, Danish university teachers are not alone in facing the challenge of having to teach in English, and the project is therefore relevant to university teachers in all EFL countries. [1] Countries where English is a Foreign Language...

  1. Corpora, classroom and context: the place of spoken grammar in English language teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Timmis, Ivor

    2003-01-01

    The main research question investigated in this thesis is: In an era when English is increasingly used in international contexts, how relevant are the grammatical findings of native speaker spoken corpora in the ELT classroom? In terms of original research data, the thesis draws, initially, on data from a large-scale quantitative survey into the attitudes of students and teachers to conforming to native speaker norms. The data from this survey shows that a desire to conform to native speak...

  2. ACCA College English Teaching Mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Renlun

    2008-01-01

    This paper elucidates a new college English teaching mode--"ACCA" (Autonomous Cooperative Class-teaching All-round College English Teaching Mode). Integrated theories such as autonomous learning and cooperative learning into one teaching mode, "ACCA", which is being developed and advanced in practice as well, is the achievement…

  3. EMPOWERMENT OF THE MARGINALIZED (UNDERPRIVELISED THROUGH ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING/LEARNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ASHOK KUMAR .B. SURAPUR

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available It is a common knowledge that, Amartye sen the outstanding economist and noble prize winner in economics, suggested two major areas of investments-education and Health, to uplift the country from the state of poverty, ill health, illeracy and unemployment ,into a modern financial, vibrant society. Accordingly both the U.G.C and state governments are investing massive funds into the development of educational infrastructure, like universities, quality – teaching personnel, educationalist are generating new venues of employment in the country, one of the basic question is that, frequently raised, whether all this investment and benefits are going to sections of society or whether they are reaching the under privileged and ignored sections of society or they are concerneded by a few privileged and advantageous groups.

  4. PADLET AND OTHER INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TOOLS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Borisovna Lysunets

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the necessity of the computerization of the education sphere. Information Communication Technology (ICT tools and services of Google, blended learning techniques help to enhance autonomous education and answer the training needs of future specia-lists. The paper describes the Padlet (Google application and provides with its practical usage in language classroom. The authors come to the following conclusions: improving Internet and computer technology competence through mastering various Internet tools and applications can be traced. Besides, the introduction of IT into traditional classroom intensifies the process of cognitive development and mental activities, forming the high level of students’ motivation and interest. For students the usage of IT proves the positive dynamics of their accomplishments in the field of selecting, organizing and dealing with information provided in various forms. It enhances students’ opportunities in creating, designing and performing their works and achievements.

  5. Seeking Best Practices and Meeting the Needs of the English Language Learners: Using Second Language Theories and Integrating Technology in Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Nan

    2013-01-01

    A noticeable national trend in schools today is the rapid increase in the number of the English language learners. The widespread use of technology in classrooms is another trend today. In combining these two trends, this paper discusses the best practices that teachers can use in classrooms to work effectively with English language learners…

  6. Evaluation of the Views of American Teaching Assistants on the English Language Education Offered at Universities in Turkey (Amerikan Ö?retim Asistanlar?n?n Türkiye’deki Üniversitelerde Verilen).....Doi: 10.14686/BUEFAD.201428194

    OpenAIRE

    Yilmaz, Emrullah

    2014-01-01

    Learning English is assigned great importance in Turkey due to the fact that it provides individuals with some advantages. Therefore, the efficiency in learning and teaching English is often questioned at all levels of education. English language education at universities is no exception when it comes to the efficiency of learning and teaching. Higher Education Council of Turkey assigned English Teaching Assistants (ETAs) from USA at 54 universities in Turkey in 2010 through Fulbright Scholar...

  7. The Impact of the "Teaching English through English" Policy on Teachers and Teaching in South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Tae-Hee

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, Asian countries including South Korea have been trying to redefine the role of English in response to globalisation. The impact of this on English language teaching and on Korean society more generally has been well documented; however, the impact of this change on individual teachers and their teaching calls for further…

  8. Cambridge IGCSE english as a second language

    CERN Document Server

    Reynolds, John

    2014-01-01

    Revised edition for the 2015 syllabus offering the easiest and most cost effective way to teach both the speaking and listening components with one set of books covering two years and free digital material. This title has been written for the revised Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language (0510 and 0511) syllabuses, for first teaching from 2013. ? Prepares students for their exams with a focus on assessed language features, such as inference, opinion and attitude. ? Develops language abilities at an appropriate pace with extra interactive tests on a free CD-ROM. We are working with Cambr

  9. Practical Strategies for English Situational Teaching in Colleges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suping TIAN

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The situational teaching is an effective and practical teaching model. Through implementing situational teaching in practical college English teaching, we can more effectively improve the effect of the teaching. The traditional teaching method mostly adopts the direct teaching method in college English courses because college English is a language courses. It is not conducive to creating feeling interactions between teachers and students. Through implementing situational teaching, we can make students more actively participate in the classroom teaching process. So students can better understand the language environment and cultural backgrounds related with the teaching and deepen the understanding of teaching content through their communications with teachers and other students. Based on advantages and principles of English situational teaching in colleges, this paper explores practical design of situational teaching at starting from specific problems in the teaching practice.

  10. The relationship between Iranian English language Teachers’ and Learners’ Gender and their Perceptions of an Effective English Language Teacher

    OpenAIRE

    Homa Babai Shishavan

    2010-01-01

    In this study English language teachers and learners engaged in teaching and learning of English in Iranian universities, high schools and private language institutes were asked about characteristics of an effective English language teacher. The aim of the study was to investigate whether male and female teachers and learners of English hold different views on characteristics of an effective English language teacher. For this purpose a researcher made questionnaire comprising 46 questions o...

  11. Modular Sequence: English as a Second-Language, Methods and Techniques. TTP 001.05 Teaching English Sounds to Spanish Speakers. Teacher Corps Bilingual Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Alberto; Melnick, Susan L.

    This learning module is designed to provide the prospective teacher of English as a second-language with an overview of the contrasting features of the English and Spanish sound systems and practical classroom applications. After completing the learning activities in the module, the student is expected to be able to: (a) explain the main…

  12. Modular Sequence: English as a Second Language, Methods and Techniques. TTP 001.02 Linguistics and Second-Language Teaching. Teacher Corps Bilingual Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Alberto; Melnick, Susan L.

    This learning module is designed to provide the student with an overview of the main areas and manner in which linguistics has influenced second-language teaching and to enable him to: (a) identify the characteristics of language; (b) identify the characteristics of linguistic analysis; (c) define the role of transformational-generative grammar,…

  13. TEACHING ENGLISH TO YOUNG LEARNERS THROUGH SONGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuliana Yuliana

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Teaching English to Young Learners has become a trend nowadays. In every school, English is taught as one of the main subjects. In teaching young learners is not like teaching adults, children have their own way of learning. Since children like to play and have fun, the learning and teaching process should be suited with the nature of the children themselves. One of the forms of fun activities for children is through music, and songs are the common form of music that children know. Through this paper, the writer wants to show that through songs, children could enhance their language skills, such as speaking, listening and writing.

  14. "English for the Global": Discourses in/of English-Language Voluntourism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakubiak, Cori

    2012-01-01

    Drawing upon the notion of hyperglobalism and critical perspectives on English as an international language, this study examines the ways in which English language teaching via volunteer tourism (i.e. English-language voluntourism) is represented and legitimated as an altruistic practice among organizational sponsors and in the talk of current and…

  15. The Culture of the English Language Teacher in an EFL Context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altan, Mustafa Zulkuf

    A survey of 300 secondary school English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teachers in Turkey investigated their views on ESL teaching and curriculum, language attitudes, language learning, classroom practices, role perceptions, and views of language teaching as a profession. Demographic data show most were trained in English language teaching in Turkish…

  16. The Role of Reading in Improving Speaking Skill in the Context of Teaching English as a Foreign Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faheem Akbar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Teaching foreign language is a challenging task; in language learning, speaking skill is considered a core productive part of learning. With this in mind, this article investigates how speaking can be made articulate and smooth. Furthermore, this article also determines the relationship between reading and speaking proficiency and extent to which teachers-led reading can affect students’ speaking performance. It is a known fact that lack of vocabulary makes learners stumbling and hesitant in speaking, because words precede communication ahead. In language learning hesitations/weakness in speaking can be overcome by encouraging learners to read a specific text. If teachers engage their students in worthwhile activities, such as providing appropriate and interesting reading texts in order to enable them to communicate what they have read. This article aims to reveal how reading gears speaking and reduces time in learning foreign language.

  17. Teaching to Exceed the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards A Literacy Practices Approach for 6-12 Classrooms

    CERN Document Server

    Beach, Richard; Webb, Allen

    2012-01-01

    As the new English Language Arts Common Core State Standards take hold across the United States, the need grows for pre-service and in-service teachers to be ready to develop curriculum and instruction that addresses their requirements. This timely, thoughtful, and comprehensive text directly meets this need. It delineates a literacy practices and critical engagement curriculum framework for 6-12 English language arts education that explains and illustrates how the Standards' highest and best intentions for student success can be implemented from a critical, culturally relevant perspective tha

  18. English as the Language of International Business Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuiper, Alison

    2007-01-01

    In teaching business communication, instructors usually can take for granted that English is the language of business communication in a globalised world. Even in a multicultural and multilinguistic country such as Malaysia, the assumption that English is the language to use is shared by those who manage programs, those who teach, and students.…

  19. English as the Language of International Business Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuiper, Alison

    2007-01-01

    In teaching business communication, instructors usually can take for granted that English is the language of business communication in a globalised world. Even in a multicultural and multilinguistic country such as Malaysia, the assumption that English is the language to use is shared by those who manage programs, those who teach, and students.…

  20. Research methods for English language teachers

    CERN Document Server

    McDonough, Jo

    2014-01-01

    This book offers a lively introduction to the research methods and techniques available to English language teachers who wish to investigate aspects of their own practice. It covers qualitative and quantitative methodology and includes sections on observation, introspection, diary studies, experiments, interviews, questionnaires, numerical techniques and case study research. Each method is illustrated with examples in language teaching contexts, and techniques of data collection and analysis are introduced. The authors focus particularly on research in the classroom, on tests, materials, the

  1. Motivating English Language Teachers through Job Enrichment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennington, Martha C.

    1992-01-01

    Hackman's (1987) job characteristics model of work motivation is described and applied to English language teaching, with concrete recommendations made on the basis of Hackman's action principles for job design. The approach results in teacher opportunities for long-term growth, career advancement, increased self-actualization, and empowerment.…

  2. Scaffolding English Language Learners' Reading Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, Lolita D.

    2011-01-01

    English language learners (ELLs) spend a majority of their instructional time in mainstream classrooms with mainstream teachers. Reading is an area with which many ELLs are challenged when placed within mainstream classrooms. Scaffolding has been identified as one of the best teaching practices for helping students read. ELL students in a local…

  3. "Harry Potter" and the English Language Learner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coatney, Kathy

    2001-01-01

    Describes one teacher's success with using "Harry Potter" in a program to teach elementary school English language learners. Provides comprehension strategies incorporated to help learners understand the story. Highlights the importance of creating a classroom environment with a low level of anxiety, the implications of the program, and the value…

  4. Teaching English Grammar : Teaching Swedish Students at Upper Secondary Level

    OpenAIRE

    Lärkefjord, Bernadette

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate what different ways there are to teach English grammar at upper secondary level and what guidance experienced teachers have to offer. This is done by studying different theorists’ ideas on language acquisition as well as what researchers’ opinions are on how to teach grammar. I have also interviewed seven experienced teachers who work at upper secondary level. The results of this investigation show that explicit grammar teaching has decreased over t...

  5. Educating Chinese Scientists to Write for International Journals: Addressing the Divide between Science and Technology Education and English Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cargill, Margaret; O'Connor, Patrick; Li, Yongyan

    2012-01-01

    As is the worldwide trend, scientists in China face strong and increasing pressure to publish their research in international peer-reviewed journals written in English. There is an acute need for graduate students to develop the required language skills alongside their scientific expertise, in spite of the distinct division currently existing…

  6. Situating language at the centre of journalism training: The case for broadening the spheres of English teaching and learning in Journalism training institutions in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Modestus Fosu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper derives its impetus from the consensus today that the media play an indispensable role in
    democratic governance for sustained development. The media foster, most importantly, accountability,
    transparency, rule of law, respect for human rights, and civic participation, which are vital in securing the
    economic well-being of a people. Language, as the main vehicle that drives communication or journalistic
    imperatives to the “consumer”, thus becomes a critical factor.
    The focus here is on the effective and appropriate use of English (Ghana’s official language in
    newspapers in Ghana. It is argued that the majority of newspapers display linguistic ineptitude, thereby
    weakening their capacity to package and make development-oriented messages accessible to the reader.
    Specifically, the majority of newspapers present news in grammatically faulty and semantically confusing
    constructions that blur meaning. Thus, through a comparative study of the English and English-related
    courses in four journalism training institutions in Ghana and the English provisions in the latest UNESCO
    journalism curricula for Africa (2007, the study shows that English competence appears to be taken for
    granted in the training institutions.
    This paper therefore argues for journalism education in Ghana to focus on helping trainee journalists to
    acquire English language competency. A more worthwhile complement will be to de-emphasise the
    “core” journalism or media knowledge and skills students are made to focus all their attention on in the
    schools and rather emphasise English use and usage. The paper suggests a reorganisation of English
    studies including institutional structure, curriculum and syllabus development, infrastructure, teaching,
    and learning methodology as ways of broadening English language pedagogy to produce the calibre of
    journalists who can really champion the democratic and developmental aspirations of Ghana and Africa.

  7. THE STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ENGLISH AND ARABIC TEACHING AND LEARNING AT THE LANGUAGE AND CULTURE CENTER OF STATE INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES SHEKH NURJATI CIREBON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmud Mahmud

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of English and Arabic teaching and learning the Language and Culture Center (LCC at the State Institute for Islamic Studies Shekh Nurjati Cirebon (SIIS SNJ based on the students’ perception. The study is to find out students’ opinion toward English and Arabic teaching and learning process and provide beneficial information for the teaching system in the LCC. This study used descriptive survey approach. The subjects were the students of English and Arabic intensive program. The data were collected through the questionnaire The results of the study are as follows. First, the teaching quality indicator is categorized as fairly effective. Second, the generic skills indicator is categorized as less effective. Third, students’ motivation indica-tor is categorized as less effective. Fourth, learning resources is categorized as not effective. Fifth, the assessment appropriateness is categorized as fairly effective. Sixth, the students’ workload is catego-rized as less effective. Seventh, the curriculum content is categorized as less effective. Keywords: students’ perception, teaching and learning, effectiveness.

  8. On Cultivation of Cross-cultural Awareness in College English Teaching:Take Integrated Skills of English as an Example

    OpenAIRE

    YANG, YING

    2011-01-01

    Abstract: Language is an indispensable part of culture. To understand language means knowing about culture first. Culture teaching plays an essential role in English language teaching. The cultural orientation in language communication should be highly valued and the relevant cultural background should be led in where necessary. This paper discusses the training of cross-cultural awareness in college English teaching by taking Integrated Skills of English as an example. Besides teaching langu...

  9. La enseñanza del inglés en las ciencias médicas: su repercusión social / The teaching of English Language in Medical Studies: its social repercussion

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Teresa, Valdés Linares; Sisely, González Valdés; Idania, Díaz Cabeza; Aniuska, Verdayes Vives; Luis Manuel, Díaz Lobo.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Se hizo un estudio con el método de revisión bibliográfica sobre la enseñanza del Inglés en los Centros de Educación Médica Superior (CEMS), en la que se analizaron artículos sobre la revolución científico-técnica y las nuevas tecnologías al servicio de la sociedad, y sobre cómo la universidad se ha [...] insertado en este nuevo universo, desempeñando un papel clave, desde múltiples aristas, en lo académico, científico, profesional y cultural. Se ha tomado en cuenta la pertinencia, calidad e internacionalización de la enseñanza del idioma inglés, así como la preparación de los profesionales de la salud en el idioma inglés para su ejercicio profesional tanto dentro como fuera del país. La enseñanza del inglés, por su importancia, ha sido contemplada en los planes de estudio en las universidades médicas; la que va desde la traducción de artículos científicos, la comunicación personal y profesional en misiones internacionalistas y la discusión de los resultados de las investigaciones, entre otras; así se creó el fundamento teórico de este trabajo cuyo objetivo es caracterizar la enseñanza de este idioma en los Centros de Enseñanza Médica Superior, desde el pregrado y su profundización en el posgrado. Conocer y dominar el inglés ha facilitado a los investigadores y expertos utilizar la tecnología y ponerla en función de sus necesidades profesionales y personales. Abstract in english A study using the method of literature review on the subject of English Language was conducted in Higher Medical Educational Centers, where the articles about scientific-technical revolution and the new technologies to the service of society were analyzed, as well as how the university falls within [...] this new universe performing a key role from multiple points: academic, scientific, professional and cultural. Pertinence, quality and universalization of the English Language teaching was taken into account; moreover the training of health professionals in this foreign language inside and out of the country. English Language teaching, due to its importance, has been included in the syllabus of the medical universities, covering from the translation of scientific articles, to the professional and personal communication in medical international missions and discussion of the results of the researches, among others; this way the theoretical basis of this research was created with the purpose of characterizing the teaching of English Language in Higher Medical Educational Centers, from the pre-graduate and its deepening in postgraduate levels. Learning and mastering English Language has provided researchers and experts with the use of the technology to solve professional and personal needs.

  10. Teaching English as a foreign language in accordance with Social-constructivist pedagogy / Enseñar inglés como lengua extranjera en consonancia con la pedagogía socio-constructivista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis S. Villacañas de Castro

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article argues that teaching a foreign language (English, in this case involves a linguistic obstacle which, if not negotiated properly, may place this task in contradiction with some basic principles of Social-constructivist pedagogy. After this obstacle is identified and some potential solutions are discarded, the article resorts to some of the didactic advances developed in the field of English as a second language (ESL teaching during the last two decades, since the latter has remained more attentive to the conflictive nature of social interactions than any other area in English Learning (EL. Resulting from this analysis, the paper finally resorts to examples in recent EFL research and comes up with a model for Teaching English as an International Language (TEIL, the main feature of which is to integrate EFL students’ critical reflections on the position enjoyed by English in the international socio-economic arena and the students’ relation to it.Resumen: Este artículo postula que la enseñanza de una Lengua Extranjera (en este caso, del inglés implica un obstáculo lingüístico que, si no se negocia de forma adecuada, puede hacer esta una tarea contradictoria con los principios básicos de la pedagogía socio-constructivista. Tras identificar este obstáculo y descartar algunas potenciales soluciones, el artículo recurre a los avances didácticos desarrollados en la Enseñanza del Inglés como Segunda Lengua durante las últimas dos décadas, un área ha permanecido más atenta a la naturaleza conflictiva de las interacciones sociales. A partir de este análisis, el artículo extrae algunos ejemplos de la literatura reciente para derivar un modelo de Enseñanza del Inglés como Lengua Internacional cuyo principal rasgo radica en ser capaz de integrar las reflexiones de los estudiantes de inglés comoLengua Extranjera sobre la posición que este idioma disfruta en el contexto socio-económico internacional y sobre sus propias relaciones con este contexto.

  11. ‘There’s a hippo on my stoep’: Constructions of English second language teaching and learners in the new National Senior Certificate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moeain Arend

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this paper is an analysis of the conceptualisation of language teaching and the construction of learners in the new National Senior Certificate grade 12 curriculum and examinations taken by students for whom English is an additional language. The paper examines the values, attitudes and beliefs, as well as the required levels of cognitive engagement and notions of reading and writing. The authors argue that the curriculum represents a significant improvement on the previous version. However, there is a considerable mismatch between the Curriculum Statement and the examination papers. The curriculum emphasis on the role of language as a tool for critical, independent thinking is not evident in the examination papers, which reinforce traditional gender norms and essentialised notions of Africa. The examination papers are cognitively undemanding, requiring only the most basic understandings of texts. The authors argue that, by making it possible to pass at a very basic level, the examination system in effect obscures the contradiction that although the majority of learners have to use English as a first language across the curriculum, the language itself is taught as a second language.

  12. Modular Sequence: English as a Second Language, Methods and Techniques. TTP 001.03 Psychology and Second-Language Teaching: Behaviorist & Cognitive Approaches. Teacher Corps Bilingual Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Alberto; Melnick, Susan L.

    This learning module is designed to provide the student with an introduction to the relevance of psychology for second-language teaching and its practical classroom applications and to enable him to: (a) define concisely cognitive and behaviorist theories, (b) identify the effects of the cognitive and behaviorist theories in a series of…

  13. Teaching English in the Word

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindblom, Kenneth

    2005-01-01

    The advantages of teaching English literature in an arts classroom through performance are described. The innovative assignments including poetry, applying performance techniques to a novel and drama helps students to learn English in a better way.

  14. Assessment Of The Availability, Utilization And Management Of ICT Facilities In Teaching English Language In Secondary Schools In Kaduna State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanna Onyi Yusuf

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The study investigated the availability, utilization and management of ICT facilities in teaching English language in secondary schools in Kaduna State, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. A questionnaire titled “Availability, Utilization and Management of Information and Communication Technology in teaching English Language in Secondary Schools” (AUMICTSS was used for data collection. Twenty randomly selected secondary schools from Kaduna metropolis were used for the study. A total of 100 teachers participated by responding to the items on the questionnaire. The data collected was analysed using frequencies and percentages. The findings of the study revealed that there is a dearth of ICT facilities in secondary schools in Kaduna as there are only very few of such facilities available in most of the schools visited. It also revealed that most teachers were not competent in the use of these facilities as the management of these facilities requires training and re-training. It was recommended as a matter of urgency that government should provide more ICT facilities in schools and ensure the provision of electricity in every secondary school for optimal utilization of these facilities. Teachers should equally be trained and re-trained regularly in the use and management of ICT facilities for effective English Language curriculum delivery.

  15. Japanese Elementary School Teachers and English Language Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machida, Tomohisa

    2016-01-01

    "Foreign language activities" (English) officially began in Japanese elementary schools in April 2011. Since that starting date, and despite insufficient knowledge and preparation, classroom teachers have been required to instruct in English. They also have been required to team-teach with native-English-speaking assistant language…

  16. Identity-Forming Discourses: A Critical Discourse Analysis on Policy Making Processes Concerning English Language Teaching in Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Escobar Alméciga Wilder Yesid

    2013-01-01

    This article addresses a critical problem about asymmetrical power relationships and uneven conditions in English language education exerted via identity shaping discourses in the document Educación: Visión 2019 issued by the Colombian Ministry of National Education. The study follows the critical discourse analysis method. It characterizes discursive strategies which, in turn, unveil power structures, means of control, and subject positioning of submission and dominance inherent in three mai...

  17. PEDAGOGIC ISSUES FOR TEACHING BUSINESS ENGLISH

    OpenAIRE

    Vakoulenko, T.A.; NAU Institute of the Humanities

    2005-01-01

    The article dwells upon pedagogical issues for teaching Business English. Considered are the peculiarities of BE syllabus, which depends on the learners ’ needs; language proficiency and skills requirements for BE teachers, the balance of training time to be spent on input and output; feedback on learners ’ performance, flexibility of the trainer etc.

  18. PEDAGOGIC ISSUES FOR TEACHING BUSINESS ENGLISH

    OpenAIRE

    T.A. Vakoulenko

    2005-01-01

     The article dwells upon pedagogical issues for teaching Business English. Considered are the peculiarities of BE syllabus, which depends on the learners’ needs; language proficiency and skills requirements for BE teachers, the balance of training time to be spent on input and output; feedback on learners’ performance, flexibility of the trainer etc.

  19. English Language, Linguistics and Literature.

    OpenAIRE

    Haase, Fee

    2009-01-01

    This collection contains selected readings of Ccassical writings for linguistic theory, literature history, and applications of the English language in documents from the early beginnings to the 20th century.

  20. English Language Learner Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dessoff, Alan

    2010-01-01

    In districts with Hispanic populations, English language learning is a priority, particularly in the elementary grades, which many students enter still speaking Spanish as their primary language. In affiliation with the National Council of La Raza (NCLR), a private, non-profit organization focused on reducing poverty and discrimination and…

  1. Manufacturing Industry Employers’ Perception of Graduates’ English Language Skills Proficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manjet Kaur Mehar Singh

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Proficiency in English language skills among graduates that create advantages for the organization is preferred by prospective employers as one of the main criteria for employability.  This article provides an overview of undergraduates in higher education and also workplace literacy from the perspective of the employers in the manufacturing industry. The result from the research demonstrates that Malaysian manufacturing industry employers perceive that the graduate employees’ English language proficiency skills are still below their expectations. Therefore, this study recommends that there is a need for intervention into language teaching to improve the English language syllabus level of English proficiency at primary, secondary and tertiary level. At the same time, emphasis on the importance of English in everyday use should be inculcated without neglecting the national language of Malaysia.  This will ensure that the teaching of English will be in line with globalization and current workplace demands.Keywords: English language skills proficiency, manufacturing industry employers, graduates

  2. More than Numbers: Teaching ELLs Mathematical Language in Primary Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sistla, Michelle; Feng, Jay

    2014-01-01

    Teaching English Language Learners (ELL) academics while they are acquiring English language skills is a challenge for teachers. This action research examines the use of Response To Intervention (RTI) in teaching ELLs mathematical language and its effect on students' math achievement in primary grades. It shows that when mathematical language…

  3. The Application of English-Chinese Comparison to Culture Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Qiu-juan ZHU

    2006-01-01


    This thesis is a tentative endeavor to employ English-Chinese comparison to culture teaching so as to help English learners overcome negative transfer from their native culture and learn more idiomatic English.
    Key words: the English language, the Chinese language, comparison, culture teaching
    Résumé: Cet essai tente d’employer la comparaison anglais-chinois à l’enseignement de culture afin d’ai...

  4. Teaching English as an Additional Language In The Global Classroom: A Transnational Study In The United States and United Kingdom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gail McEachron

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Global research has shown the persistence of inequality with regard to accessing curriculum with a view to obtaining suitable work and making useful contributions to society. The intersection of race, gender, language and low socio-economic levels creates situations which often marginalize ethnic minorities in school settings (Freire, 1968; Nieto & Turner, 2012. The graduation rates in the United States for Native American, African American and Hispanic students are lower than the graduation rates of Whites and Asian Americans. In addition, Bangladeshis and African Caribbeans currently living in the UK are under-represented in higher education, particularly young men in those communities. The research questions that guide this inquiry are: (1 According to databases, how does the academic performance of language minority groups compare to the academic performance of non-linguistic minority groups at the elementary and secondary levels of education? (2 According to language support teachers and university students, what are the strengths and weaknesses of the instructional practices for language minorities who are learning English in the United Kingdom (UK (Bristol and the United States (US (Henrico? Participants were: five UK teachers, four UK university students, five US teachers, four US university students. Data collection supervised by lead researchers included interviews, focus groups, classroom observation, and performance documents. Data analysis utilized a mixed-methods approach. Overall, linguistic minority groups performed lower than their English proficient peers. Culturally, UK teachers provided a greater emphasis on religious instruction, whereas US teachers addressed patriotic topics more frequently. Teachers in the United States and the United Kingdom were culturally supportive with slight variation in the encouraged use of the students’ heritage languages.

  5. Language Teaching and Networking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Mark

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the impact of computer networking on foreign language teaching and focuses on the competing claims made regarding the value of network-based language learning activity. A description of how internet-based activities operate in the classroom is included. (24 references) (Author/CK)

  6. Culture Teaching in Foreign Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Li Sun

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of learning a foreign language is to learn to communicate in the target language. For foreign language educators, to develop the learner’s intercultural communication competence is to know how to teach foreign culture. Culture teaching in foreign language education is a problem countered by language teachers throughout all universities and colleges in the world. Language is one of the most important carriers of culture and reflects the latter. Without language, culture would...

  7. New frontiers in teaching and learning English

    CERN Document Server

    Vettorel, Paola

    2015-01-01

    The contributions to this volume explore several focal issues related to the global spread of English and their implications for English language teaching, providing both theoretical and empirical perspectives on recent research and implications in educational terms. The volume is divided into three thematic sections, namely ""Developments in ELF research and pedagogic implications"", ""Raising teachers' awareness of ELF"", and ""ELF and ELT practices"". The book provides up-to-date perspectives o...

  8. On Differences between General English Teaching and Business English Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Wenzhong; Liao, Fang

    2008-01-01

    With the accelerating rate of globalization, business exchanges are carried out cross the border, as a result there is a growing demand for talents professional both in English and Business. We can see that at present Business English courses are offered by many language schools in the aim of meeting the need for Business English talent. Many…

  9. Second Language Acquisition and Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tragant, Elsa; Muñoz, Carmen

    2004-01-01

    After discussing the ties between language teaching and second language acquisition research, the present paper reviews the role that second language acquisition research has played on two recent pedagogical proposals. First, communicative language teaching, advocated in the early eighties, in which focus on the code was excluded, and then the…

  10. TEACHING CULTURE AS A FIFTH LANGUAGE SKILL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma ÖZÜORÇUN

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Many researchers like Wang (2008:3 believe that language teaching is culture teaching and foreign language teachers are actually foreign culture teachers. The main reason behind the idea of teaching the culture together with the language is that in many situations it is difficult to simply translate one language into another language especially when either of the languages lack these words or expressions. The foreign language lacks these words simply because the people do not have them in their own cultures. The paper includes examples of words that appear in Turkish and English because of the cultural importance of what they refer to. The present paper also includes reasons and recommendations for language teachers to indicate how important it is to include culture in their teaching.

  11. Competence and Performance in Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Jack C.

    2010-01-01

    In order to plan for the professional development of English language teachers, we need to have a comprehensive understanding of what competence and expertise in language teaching consists of. What essential skills, knowledge, values, attitudes and goals do language teachers need, and how can these be acquired? This paper seeks to explore these…

  12. Words, Words, Words: Reading Shakespeare with English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Christina

    2009-01-01

    In 2006, the author returned to school after completing the Teaching Shakespeare Institute at the Folger Library inspired with new performance-based ideas for teaching the plays. The author began to wonder about using Shakespeare as a vehicle for investigating "rich and strange" language with English Language Learners (ELLs). The author began by…

  13. Language Training: English Training

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2004-01-01

    La prochaine session se déroulera du 04 octobre 2004 au 11 février 2005 (interruption de 3 semaines à Noël). Ces cours s'adressent à toute personne travaillant au CERN ainsi qu'à leur conjoint. Pour vous inscrire et voir tout le détail des cours proposés, consultez nos pages Web : http://cern.ch/Training Vous pouvez aussi contacter M. Liptow, tél. 72957. General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 04 October 2004 to 11 February 2005 (3 weeks break at Christmas). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants ...

  14. Language Training - English Training

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place: from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Nathalie Dumeaux, tel. 78144. Oral Expression The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to enhance their speaking skills. There will be an average of 8 participants per class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays, etc., depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 30 hours Price: 660 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is designed for people ...

  15. Language Training - English Training

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place: from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Nathalie Dumeaux, tel. 78144. Oral Expression The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to enhance their speaking skills. There will be on average of 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 30 hours Price: 660 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is designed for people w...

  16. Language Training: English Courses

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2005-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 28 February to 24 June 2005 (2/3 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow: tel. 72957. Oral Expression The next session will take place from March to June 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from March to June 2005. T...

  17. Language Training: English Courses

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2005-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 28 February to 24 June 2005 (2/3 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow: tel. 72957. Oral Expression The next session will take place from March to June 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from March to June 2005. Th...

  18. Language Barrier And The Performance of Secondary School Students in EnglishLanguage in Katsina Metropolis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nwabudike Christopher Eziafa

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This research work centres on Language Barrier and the Performance of Secondary School Students in English Language in Katsina Metropolis. The study identifies the causes of failure in English Language in secondary schools, the factors responsible for the inability of students to learn English language as a second language and the effect of mother tongue interference on the performance of students in English language in the study area. Data for this study  were collected through the use of structured questionnaires. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools. On the basis of the findings, the study suggested that English language teachers in secondary schools endeavour to avoid the use of vernacular in the teaching of English language. Also, well equipped libraries and other necessary materials that would assist the students in learning English language should be provided in all the secondary schools by the government.Keywords: Language barrier, performance, mother tongue, interference, vernacular

  19. Language Training: English

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2005-01-01

    If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an 'application for training' form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. Oral Expression The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Timetable: Tuesday 11.30 to 13.30 Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from Januar...

  20. Language Training: English Training

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2004-01-01

    If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an 'application for training' form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 04 October 2004 to 11 February 2005 (3 weeks break at Christmas). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow, tel. 72957. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants in...

  1. The Effect of EFL Teachers’ Attitude toward English Language and English Language Proficiency on Their Sense of Efficacy

    OpenAIRE

    Farzaneh Sabokrouh

    2013-01-01

    Researchers in education have documented that teachers’ sense of efficacy has strong impacts on various aspects of teaching and learning. Yet, in the field of TESOL, inquiry into teachers’ sense of efficacy is extremely scarce. The present study, by adopting the notion of teachers’ sense of efficacy as the theoretical framework, has explored Iranian English Institute teachers’ confidence in teaching English. The study has also examined teachers’ attitudes toward the English language and teach...

  2. Positivity of the English language

    CERN Document Server

    Kloumann, Isabel M; Harris, Kameron Decker; Bliss, Catherine A; Dodds, Peter Sheridan

    2011-01-01

    Within the last million years, human language has emerged and evolved as a fundamental instrument of social communication and semiotic representation. People use language in part to convey emotional information, leading to the central and contingent questions: (1) What is the emotional spectrum of natural language? and (2) Are natural languages neutrally, positively, or negatively biased? Previous findings are mixed: suggestive evidence of a positive bias has been found in small samples of English words [1-3], framed as the Pollyanna Hypothesis [3] and Linguistic Positivity Bias [1], while the experimental elicitation of emotional words has instead found a strong negative bias [4]. Here, we report that the human-perceived positivity of over 10,000 of the most frequently used English words exhibits a clear positive bias. More deeply, we characterize and quantify distributions of word positivity for four large and distinct corpora, demonstrating that their form is surprisingly invariant with respect to frequenc...

  3. Teaching writing in English for medical purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beckles, Nancy María

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes teaching-learning process shortcomings in the English for Medical Purposes, a subject of fourth-year medical student’s curriculum at the medical university of Camagüey. Its main objective is aimed at the elaboration of a Methodological Alternative distinguished by the use of the Project Method approach to favour the development of writing skills in English. This Methodological Alternative is characterized by being flexible, pertinent and able to develop and integrate knowledge of the English language and medicine. It has two main stages: Socio-affective dynamics for the production of written texts in English for medical purposes and the dynamics for the construction of written texts in English for medical purposes. The results of considering expertise’s’ opinion revealed the feasibility of the proposal as a fostering tool for teaching writing in medical sciences.

  4. SOCK Language. English as a Second Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frame, Laurence

    The manual includes teacher instructions and learning activities for a transitional, bilingual program of English as a Second Language (ESL). The program, which is aimed at elementary to college-age Spanish-speaking students from Mexico, Central America, and South America, uses soccer as a motivating cultural force. The ESL program is designed to…

  5. To Teach Standard English or World Englishes? A Balanced Approach to Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Thomas S. C.; Martin, Sonia

    2009-01-01

    This article suggests that English language teachers should consider all varieties of English, not just British Standard English or American Standard English. In order to better prepare students for the global world, and to show them that their own English is valued, teachers can implement a balanced approach that incorporates the teaching and…

  6. A Role for English Language Teachers in Trauma Healing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medley, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Because English language teachers should take into account the social-psychological situation of the students they teach, they must be sensitive to the effects of traumatic stress among learners. Refugee and immigrant children are frequently survivors of trauma, along with their peers in crisis-torn English as a foreign language settings around…

  7. Service Climate in New Zealand English Language Centres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, John

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to report on the findings of a study into staff perceptions of service climate in New Zealand English language centres (ELCs) offering ESOL (English for Speakers of Other Languages) courses. Design/methodology/approach: A 71-item questionnaire based on a Likert scale was used to survey non-management teaching and…

  8. Linguistic Intervention Techniques for At-Risk English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Elke; Evers, Tsila

    2009-01-01

    In U.S. public schools, the population of nonnative speakers of English who are at risk for failing language requirements is growing. This article presents multisensory structured language (MSL) teaching strategies to remediate these students' difficulties in reading, writing, and speaking English. These strategies are underscored by recent…

  9. "Miss, How do you Write Hipotesis?" Learning to Teach Science to English Language Learners While Navigating Affordances and Constraints: A Longitudinal Multiple Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega, Irasema

    Early career science teachers are often assigned to classrooms with high numbers of English language learners (ELL students). As these teachers learn to become effective practitioners, the circumstances surrounding them merit a thorough examination. This study examines the longitudinal changes in Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) and practices of six early career science teachers who taught in urban schools. The teachers participated in the Alternative Support for Induction Science Teachers (ASIST) program during their initial two years of teaching. Our research team followed the participants over a five-year period. This study focuses on data from Years 1, 3, and 5. The data collected included classroom observations and interviews. In addition, classroom artifacts were collected periodically for the purpose of triangulation. The analysis of the data revealed that with the support of the ASIST program, the teachers implemented inquiry lessons and utilized instructional materials that promoted academic language skills and science competencies among their ELL students. Conversely, standardized testing, teaching assignment, and school culture played a role in constraining the implementation of inquiry-based practices. The results of this study call for collaborative efforts among university science educators and school administrators to provide professional development opportunities and support for the implementation of inquiry and language practices among early career science teachers of ELL students.

  10. ENGLISH LANGUAGE FOR GLOBAL COMMUNICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.KRUPA SHEELA

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The process of globalization that accelerated during the last decade of the twentieth century is generally associated with easier and increased cross-border capital flows, trade, and integration of world markets. There had been another globalizing influence quietly taking hold and spreading through the twentieth century which has been continuing to do so in the twenty-first too that is the English language. English emerged as the lingua franca of the world in the twentieth century, and promises to grow in that stature in the twenty-first. Its presence is overwhelming: in education, business, research, science and technology, entertainment, the Internet, and almost every other sphere of human engagement. According to estimates, it is spoken by some two billion people at various levels of fluency around the world, including 380 million native speakers (people in the US, UK, Canada, Ireland, and Australia, and those who learn it as a second or foreign language. Even though, in numbers, this is just about a third of the world's population, the geographical and domain spread of English is greater than that of any other language. In a sense, English is being globalized as well as acting as a globalizer (Betty Kirkpatrick : 2005.This paper cites how English Language is becoming a source of competitive advantage in the new age knowledge economy, keeping in view the imperial pursuits and spread of culture as well as an employability

  11. Thinking in English a new perspective on teaching ESL

    CERN Document Server

    Muciaccia, John B

    2012-01-01

    Thinking in English represents Dr. Muciaccia's unique method of teaching English to non-native English speakers. Unlike any other English as a Second Language (ESL) book, Muciaccia's book features the "cultural immersion" approach that he has developed and practiced to a fine degree. In addition to his methodology, Muciaccia includes words of encouragement and reviews from people who have benefited from his approach to teaching and learning English.

  12. English as an Asian Language

    OpenAIRE

    Kachru, Braj .B

    1998-01-01

    This paper outlines the dimensions of Asia's English, which constitutes a world of its own in linguistic, cultural, interactional, ideological, and political terms. The questions this paper raises are: What conditions must a transplanted colonial language satisfy to be accepted as part of the colonized's linguistic repertoire? Why not consider Asian Englishes as part of a local pluralistic linguistic heritage? Answers to these questions demand redefining the concept of «nativeness» and types ...

  13. Teaching Reading of Texts for Intermediate Level English Students

    OpenAIRE

    Pelikán, Tomáš

    2011-01-01

    This thesis concerns teaching reading of English authentic and non-authentic texts for Intermediate level English students. It starts with theoretical part, which deals with factors of the process of teaching reading like reading comprehension, reading techniques in a foreign language or selecting texts suitable for teaching reading and differences between the authentic and non-authentic texts. The theoretical part is closed by chapter concerning methodological model of teaching reading lesso...

  14. Communicative Language Teaching: Possibilities and Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sreehari, Pusuluri

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the teaching of English at undergraduate colleges in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India in the backdrop of Andhra Pradesh English Lecturers' Retraining Program. The program was jointly sponsored and conducted by the Directorate of Collegiate Education, Government of AP and the US State Department English Language Fellow…

  15. Language teachers and teaching

    CERN Document Server

    Ben Said, Selim

    2013-01-01

    This volume gathers contributions from a range of global experts in teacher education to address the topic of language teacher education. It shows how teacher education involves the agency of teachers, which forms part of their identity, and which they take on when integrating into the teaching community of practice. In addition, the volume explores the teachers' situated practice dynamic negotiation of classroom situations, socialization into the professional teaching culture, and ""on the ground experimentation"" with pedagogical skills/techniques.

  16. Language Ability of Young English Language Learners: Definition, Configuration, and Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Lin

    2015-01-01

    In this study I examined the dimensionality of the latent ability underlying language use that is needed to fulfill the demands young learners face in English-medium instructional environments, where English is used as the means of instruction for teaching subject matters. Previous research on English language use by school-age children provided…

  17. English Language Learner Engineering Collaborative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendergraft, Katy; Daugherty, Michael K.; Rossetti, Charles

    2009-01-01

    In an effort to develop an engineering design project that would deliver the necessary content and reach out to the English Language Learner (ELL) community, faculty in the Engineering Academy at Springdale High School in Springdale, Arkansas instituted the ELL Engineering Collaborative. The ELL Engineering Collaborative has four primary goals…

  18. Applying Innovative Spirit to Multimedia Foreign Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Zhuo

    2010-01-01

    It has become many English educators' common view as well as spontaneous action to implement multimedia-assisted foreign language teaching. It is the advanced media technology that has changed the former teaching pattern. However, will such a teaching pattern achieve success? Under new circumstances, multimedia foreign language teaching seems a…

  19. Thinking in English: A New Perspective on Teaching ESL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muciaccia, John B.

    2011-01-01

    "Thinking in English" represents Dr. Muciaccia's unique method of teaching English to non-native English speakers. Unlike any other English as a Second Language (ESL) book, Muciaccia's book features the "cultural immersion" approach that he has developed and practiced to a fine degree. In addition to his methodology, Muciaccia includes words of…

  20. Teaching English: What and Where Is the Cutting Edge?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, David

    1991-01-01

    Describes the author's educational and professional experiences in college English programs. Suggests improving English instruction by teaching the history of English studies, the history of language, and the media. Proposes applying an updated version of Raymond Williams' approach to English instruction to include major and lesser-known writings,…

  1. Teaching Language through Culture and Culture through Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somova, Svetlana

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the importance of teaching foreign languages through culture and culture through language study. Addresses how the textbooks used to study English by Russian students must focus more on the needs of Russian students. Summarizes the findings from a survey demonstrating that Russian students' knowledge of U.S. culture originates from…

  2. Teaching English Phrases through SMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cig, Enes Kurtay; Guvercin, Selim; Bayimbetov, Berdak; Dos, Bulent

    2015-01-01

    Achieving the maximum efficiency in teaching a second language (L2) has always been an important issue for educators. Current globalization processes, development of international business relations, political integrations among the various countries throughout the world, and the abilities of latest information and communications technologies…

  3. Structuring Cooperative Learning in Teaching English Pronunciation

    OpenAIRE

    Hsuan-Yu Chen; Jaya Goswami

    2011-01-01

    Classrooms incorporating Cooperative Learning (CL) structures facilitate a supportive learning environment for English Language Learners (ELLs). Accurate pronunciation by ELLs is important for communication, and also benefits academic achievement. The known benefits of CL for ELLs make it a desirable learning environment to teach pronunciation skills. Thus, sufficient consideration must be given to its incorporation in curricula and delivery format. However, in implementing CL structuresin EL...

  4. Teaching English Grammar in Primary School

    OpenAIRE

    Sekelj, Ana; Rigo, Irene

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with English grammar and its position in the language teaching process. Grammar was for long taught for its own sake and this approach has done more harm than good because such knowledge of an algebraic kind of accuracy does not give learners the ability to communicate in real life situations. Fluency and accuracy are complementary and interdependent phenomena. Grammar does not work in isolation, but it should be used to preserve semantic relationships and to consider the dis...

  5. Schema Theory and College English Reading Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaoguang Zhao; Lei Zhu

    2012-01-01

    Reading plays a dominant role among the four skills in foreign language acquisition for college students. Unfortunately, over the past few decades, English teaching practice shows that Chinese students are vulnerable in it. Both their reading speed and their reading skills are far from being satisfactory. Schema theory presents a very efficient course in developing students' reading skills and improving their reading abilities. Based on a descriptive research, this paper aims to expound on th...

  6. Second Language Acquisition and Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Elsa Tragant; Carmen Muñoz

    2004-01-01

    After discussing the ties between language teaching and second language acquisition research, the present paper reviews the role that second language acquisition research has played on two recent pedagogical proposals. First, communicative language teaching, advocated in the early eighties, in which focus on the code was excluded, and then the more recent research-based proposals of integrating some degree of focus on form in meaning-based curricula. Following Ellis (1998), four macro-options...

  7. Un currículo interdisciplinario de base teórica para enseñar inglés como segunda lengua / An Interdisciplinary Theory-Based ESL Curriculum to Teach English as a Second Language

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Brenda O, Fuentes; Francisco, Soto Mas; Erika, Mein; Holly E., Jacobson.

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Para los inmigrantes hispanos de los Estados Unidos (EEUU) aprender inglés (L2) es considerado necesario para progresar y funcionar en la sociedad, y hay una gran demanda de clases de inglés como segunda lengua o English as a Second Language (ESL). A pesar del reconocido beneficio individual y socia [...] l de los programas de ESL, todavía se debe potenciar la investigación de estrategias educativas eficaces en los diferentes aspectos del aprendizaje del inglés como segunda lengua. Este artículo describe una estrategia pedagógica de base teórica incorporada en un currículo de ESL para hispanos inmigrantes adultos en la frontera entre EEUU y México. Igualmente el presente artículo describe la implementación y evaluación del currículo mediante métodos cuantitativos y cualitativos. Los resultados cuantitativos indican que los participantes mejoraron significativamente su nivel de L2. Además, los resultados cualitativos sugieren que los participantes recibieron satisfactoriamente tanto el contenido como la metodología pedagógica del currículo, y en general declararon haber tenido una experiencia positiva con la clase. Este trabajo podría servir de modelo para la enseñanza de una segunda lengua para adultos. Abstract in english Among Hispanic immigrants in the United States (US), learning English is considered necessary for economic and social achievement. As a consequence, there is a high demand for English as a Second Language (ESL) classes. Despite the recognized benefits of ESL programs, both at the individual and soci [...] al levels, more research is needed to identify education strategies that effectively promote all aspects of learning English as a second language. This article describes an ESL curriculum that incorporates a theory-based pedagogical approach specifically designed for immigrant Hispanic adults on the US-Mexico border region. The article also describes the implementation of the curriculum as well as the results of the evaluation, which was conducted using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitative results indicate that the participants significantly improved their English proficiency (L2). Qualitative results suggest that participants were positively impacted by both the content and pedagogical approaches used by the curriculum. Their experience with the ESL class was positive in general. It can be concluded that the curriculum achieved its objective. This approach could serve as a model for second language teaching for adults.

  8. Japanese Elementary School Teachers and English Language Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machida, Tomohisa

    2016-01-01

    "Foreign language activities" (English) officially began in Japanese elementary schools in April 2011. Since that starting date, and despite insufficient knowledge and preparation, classroom teachers have been required to instruct in English. They also have been required to team-teach with native-English-speaking assistant language…

  9. La “paranoia constructiva” aplicada a la educación (El caso de la enseñanza-aprendizaje del inglés / “Constructive Paranoia” Applied to Education (The Case of English Language Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Guillermo Barrantes Montero

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza el concepto de la paranoia constructiva que plantea el escritor y periodista Andrés Oppenheimer para incentivar el desarrollo de América Latina. A la luz de ese concepto, se cuestiona la eficacia actual de la enseñanza del idioma inglés, en particular, y lo que deberá hacerse para obtener resultados más satisfactorios. Se concluye con una propuesta de reestructuración en el enfoque, el currículo y la metodología en la enseñanza del idioma.This paper analyzes the concept of constructive paranoia stated by journalist and author Andrés Oppenheimer to promote development in Latin America. Based on that concept, this paper discusses the effectiveness of current English Language Teaching, particularly, as well as what should be done in order to obtain better results. As a conclusion, a re-structure of approach, curriculum and methodology in teaching the language is proposed.Recibido 21 de noviembre de 2011 • Corregido 25 de mayo de 2012 • Aceptado 28 de junio de 2012

  10. Annotated Bibliography of Research in the Teaching of English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Deborah; Beavis, Catherine; Kalman, Judith; Gomez, Macrina; Rijlaarsdam, Gert; Stinson, Anne D'Antonio; Whiting, Melissa E.

    2003-01-01

    Presents a selected bibliography of research in the teaching of English published between July and December of 2002. Addresses topics including bilingual/foreign language education, discourse processes, literacy, professional development, reading, technology and literacy, and writing. (SG)

  11. INCORPORATING SHORT STORIES IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLASSES

    OpenAIRE

    Kirkgöz, Yasemin

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates how short stories can be integrated into an English language curriculum in order to consolidate students’ knowledge of the English language - grammar and vocabulary - and to promote their creative writing skills. The study was conducted with 21 Turkish university students receiving an English language preparatory programme. A selection of short stories appropriate to students’ language requirements was incorporated into the English language curriculum. A three-stage-mo...

  12. Study on Culture Introduction in English Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Jie-wen DI

    2007-01-01

    For many years, foreingn language teaching in our country pays close attention to language itself, but ignores the importance of culture. Therefore, many miscommunications may appear in cross-culture communication. This thesis focuses on the relationship betweent culture and language and emphasizes on the importance of culture in languge teaching. Besides, it supplies some useful and concrete methods to bring culture into language teaching according to the writer’s own teaching expe...

  13. Ensino da Língua Inglesa: contribuições da fonética, fonologia e do processamento auditivo / English Language Teaching: phonetics, phonology and auditory processing contributions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Letícia Maria Martins, Araújo; Mariza Ribeiro, Feniman; Fernanda Ribeiro Pinto de, Carvalho; Simone Aparecida, Lopes-Herrera.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available TEMA: inter-relação da fonética, fonologia e processamento auditivo no ensino da Língua Inglesa. OBJETIVOS: verificar se o contato prévio com o sistema fonético da Língua Inglesa favorece o aprendizado geral desta língua em falantes do Português como segunda língua (L2), e verificar o desempenho dos [...] participantes em um teste do processamento auditivo anterior e posterior ao ensino da L2. MÉTODO: participaram oito estudantes universitários que estudaram a Língua Inglesa somente no ensino médio, divididos em dois grupos: grupo controle - submetido apenas ao curso de Inglês - e grupo experimental - submetido à aulas de fonética da língua inglesa anteriores ao curso de Inglês. Os participantes foram submetidos ao teste de processamento auditivo e a um teste oral em inglês (Oral Test) antes e após as aulas. Foram analisados os dados dos testes anteriores e posteriores às aulas. RESULTADOS: estes foram expressos estatisticamente por meio do teste t student e mostraram que não houve diferença nos testes entre os grupos. Os escores indicaram melhor atuação do grupo controle ao responder as perguntas em Inglês no Oral Test. Houve melhor execução do grupo experimental no processamento auditivo após ser submetido às aulas de fonética e ao curso de Inglês. CONCLUSÃO: o conhecimento prévio básico da língua inglesa não favoreceu o aprendizado geral (melhora na pronúncia) da segunda língua do grupo como um todo, mas melhorou a capacidade de processamento temporal no teste realizado. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: interrelation of phonetics, phonology and auditory processing in English Language Teaching. AIM: to determine whether prior contact with English phonetics favors general learning of this language (L2), i.e. second language, in Portuguese speakers; to verify performance of these individua [...] ls in an auditory processing test prior to and after being taught L2. METHOD: participants of the study were eight college students who had only studied English in high school. These participants were divided into two groups: control group - were only enrolled in English classes; experimental group - were enrolled in English phonetic classes prior to their enrollment in English classes. Participants were submitted to an auditory processing test and to an oral test in English (Oral Test) prior to and after the classes. Data were analyzed in the same way, i.e. prior to and after the classes. RESULTS: these were expressed statistically by T-Student's test. Analyses indicated no difference in performance between groups. Scores indicated better performance of the control group for answering questions in English in the Oral Test. The experimental group had better performance in the auditory processing test after being enrolled to English phonetic classes and English course. CONCLUSION: prior basic knowledge of English did not enhance general learning (improvement in pronunciation) of the second language, however, it improved the ability of temporal processing in the used test.

  14. The Case for Modifications to the Oral Approach Arising from a Consideration of the Ultimate Aims of Teaching English in Countries Where English is a Foreign Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moelono, M.

    The modern view suggests language be approached through speech. It is therefore customary that the first stages of language learning are spent on oral drills in order to make the sound system and the basic structures automatic habits. In countries where classes are big and the time spent on foreign language learning is limited, spending too long a…

  15. New frontiers in teaching and learning English

    CERN Document Server

    Vettorel, Paola

    2015-01-01

    The contributions to this volume explore several focal issues related to the global spread of English and their implications for English language teaching, providing both theoretical and empirical perspectives on recent research and implications in educational terms. The volume is divided into three thematic sections, namely ""Developments in ELF research and pedagogic implications"", ""Raising teachers' awareness of ELF"", and ""ELF and ELT practices"". The book provides up-to-date perspectives on the issues, implications and repercussions that findings in ELF research can have for ELT practi

  16. Ensino da Língua Inglesa: contribuições da fonética, fonologia e do processamento auditivo English Language Teaching: phonetics, phonology and auditory processing contributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Maria Martins Araújo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available TEMA: inter-relação da fonética, fonologia e processamento auditivo no ensino da Língua Inglesa. OBJETIVOS: verificar se o contato prévio com o sistema fonético da Língua Inglesa favorece o aprendizado geral desta língua em falantes do Português como segunda língua (L2, e verificar o desempenho dos participantes em um teste do processamento auditivo anterior e posterior ao ensino da L2. MÉTODO: participaram oito estudantes universitários que estudaram a Língua Inglesa somente no ensino médio, divididos em dois grupos: grupo controle - submetido apenas ao curso de Inglês - e grupo experimental - submetido à aulas de fonética da língua inglesa anteriores ao curso de Inglês. Os participantes foram submetidos ao teste de processamento auditivo e a um teste oral em inglês (Oral Test antes e após as aulas. Foram analisados os dados dos testes anteriores e posteriores às aulas. RESULTADOS: estes foram expressos estatisticamente por meio do teste t student e mostraram que não houve diferença nos testes entre os grupos. Os escores indicaram melhor atuação do grupo controle ao responder as perguntas em Inglês no Oral Test. Houve melhor execução do grupo experimental no processamento auditivo após ser submetido às aulas de fonética e ao curso de Inglês. CONCLUSÃO: o conhecimento prévio básico da língua inglesa não favoreceu o aprendizado geral (melhora na pronúncia da segunda língua do grupo como um todo, mas melhorou a capacidade de processamento temporal no teste realizado.BACKGROUND: interrelation of phonetics, phonology and auditory processing in English Language Teaching. AIM: to determine whether prior contact with English phonetics favors general learning of this language (L2, i.e. second language, in Portuguese speakers; to verify performance of these individuals in an auditory processing test prior to and after being taught L2. METHOD: participants of the study were eight college students who had only studied English in high school. These participants were divided into two groups: control group - were only enrolled in English classes; experimental group - were enrolled in English phonetic classes prior to their enrollment in English classes. Participants were submitted to an auditory processing test and to an oral test in English (Oral Test prior to and after the classes. Data were analyzed in the same way, i.e. prior to and after the classes. RESULTS: these were expressed statistically by T-Student's test. Analyses indicated no difference in performance between groups. Scores indicated better performance of the control group for answering questions in English in the Oral Test. The experimental group had better performance in the auditory processing test after being enrolled to English phonetic classes and English course. CONCLUSION: prior basic knowledge of English did not enhance general learning (improvement in pronunciation of the second language, however, it improved the ability of temporal processing in the used test.

  17. First Language Acquisition and Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena

    2011-01-01

    "First language acquisition" commonly means the acquisition of a single language in childhood, regardless of the number of languages in a child's natural environment. Language acquisition is variously viewed as predetermined, wondrous, a source of concern, and as developing through formal processes. "First language teaching" concerns schooling in…

  18. English as a "Global Language" in China: An Investigation into Learners' and Teachers' Language Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Lin; Block, David

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses issues related to language beliefs held by teachers and students of English in China; namely, the status of English, the learners' expectations of English and the focus of English teaching and learning in China. These beliefs are examined in the context of globalization and China's ever-deepening integration into the global…

  19. Language Identity among Iranian English Language Learners: A Nationwide Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezaei, Saeed; Khatib, Mohammad; Baleghizadeh, Sasan

    2014-01-01

    The present study is a nationwide survey of language identity among English language learners in Iran. The participants who completed the survey in this research included 1851 English language learners from different parts of the country who belonged to different genders, age groups and English language proficiency levels. The main instrument was…

  20. Language Identity among Iranian English Language Learners: A Nationwide Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezaei, Saeed; Khatib, Mohammad; Baleghizadeh, Sasan

    2014-01-01

    The present study is a nationwide survey of language identity among English language learners in Iran. The participants who completed the survey in this research included 1851 English language learners from different parts of the country who belonged to different genders, age groups and English language proficiency levels. The main instrument was…

  1. MULTIPLE CHOICE ENGLISH GRAMMAR TEST ITEMS THAT AID ENGLISH GRAMMAR LEARNING FOR STUDENTS OF ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

    OpenAIRE

    D. Wagiman Adisutrisno

    2008-01-01

    In the teaching of English as a foreign language in Indonesia, the teaching and testing of English grammar are indispensable. To test English grammar mastery, the multiple choice test must be used due to its merit of guaranteeing the fulfillment of the content validity of achievement tests. Unfortunately, the construction of many multiple choice test items has not been based on a very important consideration to aid learning processes. This paper discusses the need to use multiple choice test ...

  2. Identity-Forming Discourses: A Critical Discourse Analysis on Policy Making Processes Concerning English Language Teaching in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Escobar Alméciga Wilder Yesid

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses a critical problem about asymmetrical power relationships and uneven conditions in English language education exerted via identity shaping discourses in the document Educación: Visión 2019 issued by the Colombian Ministry of National Education. The study follows the critical discourse analysis method. It characterizes discursive strategies which, in turn, unveil power structures, means of control, and subject positioning of submission and dominance inherent in three main categories: Being bilingual, being successful, and being Colombian. It concludes that discourses are being strategically employed by the Colombian Ministry of National Education to change or preserveideologies and to widen gaps between socio-economic groups to protect the interests of only a small segment of the population.Este reporte postula una problemática de relaciones desequilibradas de dominio, poder, control y de la desproporcionada distribución de recursos en la enseñanza del inglés en Colombia, lo cual es perpetrado por discursos que moldean la identidad, en el documento Educación: Visión 2019 publicado por el Ministerio de Educación Nacional de Colombia. El estudio sigue los principios del análisis crítico del discurso. Esta investigación caracteriza estrategias discursivas que a su vez develan estructuras de poder, medios de control, y posicionamiento de sumisión y dominio en tres categorías: ser bilingüe, ser exitoso y ser colombiano. El estudio sugiere que el Ministerio de Educación Nacional está empleando discursos para manipular ideologías y generar inequidad entre grupos sociales en tanto que protege los intereses de un segmento de la población exclusivamente. 

  3. Writing in English as a Second Language

    OpenAIRE

    Heinonen, Elisabeth

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this essay was to extend my knowledge of teaching writing and children's attitudes towards writing in English. I chose to focus my study on grade six, as I had the opportunity to work with two different classes in Linköping and Södertälje. I assigned them a free writing task as well as a questinnaire. In the literture study I intended to extend my knowledge of the process of writing in a second language. Throught the course of my research I have come to understand how important it...

  4. Teaching English Abroad. Third Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffith, Susan

    This guide offers advice on how to find long-term and short-term English teaching jobs for those with and without previous teacher training. The guide provides firsthand accounts from teachers to show the neophyte how to make the most of his/her experience (and how to avoid the pitfalls). It presents information on where to go for the best…

  5. Teaching To Speak – Strategies To Enhance The Spoken English Of Prospective Teachers

    OpenAIRE

    A.Joycilin Shermila

    2013-01-01

    To teach the skill of speaking is to teach the learners to produce English sounds correctly using vocabulary in grammatically correct sentences coherently and fluently. Learners are to use English confidentially. It is imperative for teachers to use methods and techniques to kindle interaction in the second language classroom. Speaking has a crucial place in second language learning and teaching. Task based language teaching will encourage students to communicate in English fluently and effec...

  6. A Case Study of Non-English Major College Students’ Motivation in English Language Learning

    OpenAIRE

    Meilan Jin

    2014-01-01

    Motivation is considered as a key feature in the success of language learning and has great effect on the efficiency and productivity of English language teaching. And a lot of considerable researches and investigations have been done on Chinese college students’ motivation to learn English. Most researches like to value instrumental aspects as the major type for college students’ learning English in Chinese context while integrative motivation is often neglected. In th...

  7. The English as a Foreign Language / Lingua Franca Debate: Sensitising Teachers of English as a Foreign Language Towards Teaching English as a Lingua Franca / El debate del inglés como lengua extranjera o como lengua franca: sensibilización de docentes de inglés como lengua extranjera hacia la enseñanza del inglés como lengua franca

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gillian, Mansfield; Franca, Poppi.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Debido a los procesos de globalización, la función del inglés como herramienta internacional o como lengua franca para la comunicación exige un replanteamiento de la enseñanza del inglés como idioma extranjero. En este artículo se presenta un estudio empírico llevado a cabo en un contexto universita [...] rio italiano que pretende mostrar cómo los docentes deberían desempeñar actividades para facilitar el reconocimiento de otras variedades del inglés que, al no ser utilizadas como modelos de evaluación y certificación lingüística, exigen en cambio una mayor atención en el escenario global. En la práctica, esto puede realizarse analizando un corpus específico de textos periodísticos en inglés chino y llevando a cabo actividades sencillas de concordancias. Abstract in english The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers [...] should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must nevertheless boast a relevant place in the global scenario. This can be achieved in practical terms by interrogating an expressly made corpus of Chinese English news texts and carrying out simple concordance activities.

  8. Enhancing English Learners' Language Development Using Wordless Picture Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louie, Belinda; Sierschynski, Jarek

    2015-01-01

    This article presents an approach to use wordless picture books to enhance the language development of English language learners. This approach is grounded in best practices to teach ELLs. The process starts with viewing and analyzing the visual images, engaging ELLs in discussion, and ending with students' self-authored texts. The wordless…

  9. Teachers' Language: L1 Attrition in Russian-English Bilinguals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isurin, Ludmila

    2007-01-01

    The present study reports on the evidence of first language (L1) attrition in a population that may appear to be the most resistant to L1 changes. Russian monolinguals (n=3) and Russian-English bilinguals (n=10) participated in the study. The bilinguals were graduate students teaching Russian as a foreign language at a U.S. university. The data…

  10. Challenges in Critical Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pessoa, Rosane Rocha; de Urzeda Freitas, Marco Tulio

    2012-01-01

    This article is based on the conception of language teaching as a liberatory practice. Drawing on some principles of critical pedagogy (Ellsworth, 1992; Freire, 2005; hooks, 1994; Norton & Toohey, 2004), critical applied linguistics (Pennycook, 1990, 2001), critical language teaching (Ferreira, 2006; Pennycook, 1999), and critical language teacher…

  11. Multiple Intelligences: Language Learning and Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Derakhshan; Maryam Faribi

    2015-01-01

    During the last three decades, multiple intelligence (MI), proposed by Gardner (1983), has drawn considerable attention from the researchers. The present study reviews the effects of Multiple Intelligences (MI) on Learning English as a Foreign Language (LEFL) and the relationship between multiple Intelligences and Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL). According to Gardner’s (2001) classification, nine different types of intelligences are considered important each of which has an impa...

  12. Globalization of English and English Language Policies in East Asia: a Comparative Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Qi SHEN

    2009-01-01

    The last decade has witnessed the ever rising realization of the significance of English, which triggered the booming concept of teaching English as an International Language (EIL). English as a lingua franca has been playing an important role in the whole world since the 1950s in the twentieth century. In order to compete with western rivals in the new century, East Asian countries and regions in the expanding circle of English have to respond positively to the globalization of English and m...

  13. On Gender Difference in English Language and Its Causes

    OpenAIRE

    Hailiang Ning; Xue Dai; Fachun Zhang

    2010-01-01

    Interaction between language and gender has always been one of the over-heated subjects in sociolinguistics. Based on findings from related areas, this thesis aims to give a comprehensive account of gender difference in English language and the possible causes, in order to offer an indication for the establishment of harmonious interpersonal relationships as well as different focus when teaching students of different genders to improve learning and teaching efficiency at the same time.

  14. New Directions and Changes for Teaching High School English as a Second Language in Puerto Rico: Ideas Derived from Transformational Grammar and Other Contemporary Readings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lugo, Mabel Erb. de

    This paper examines the important role of English in Puerto Rico and the present situation of Puerto Rico's English language program. The writer gives a brief historical background of linguistics and discusses recent theories of language acquisition and transformation generative grammar. Possible applications and implications of these theories for…

  15. Using Trialogues to Measure English Language Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    So, Youngsoon; Zapata-Rivera, Diego; Cho, Yeonsuk; Luce, Christine; Battistini, Laura

    2015-01-01

    We explored the use of technology-assisted, trialogue-based tasks to measure the English language proficiency of students learning English as a second or foreign language. A presumed benefit of the system for language assessment is its suitability for use in scenario-based tasks that integrate multiple language skills. This integration allows test…

  16. Libras no ensino de inglês mediado pelas novas tecnologias: desafios e possibilidades / "Libras" (Brazilian Sign Language) in the Technology-Mediated Teaching of English: Challenges and Possibilities

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Kátia Cristina do Amaral, Tavares; Ana Paula Pires de, Oliveira.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo investiga a perspectiva de professores, intérpretes e alunos sobre o ensino de inglês mediado pelo uso das novas tecnologias e da Língua Brasileira de Sinais (Libras) em uma escola pública inclusiva, a fim de identificar os desafios enfrentados por eles nesse contexto e apontar possíveis [...] formas de superá-los. Os dados foram gerados através de questionários, entrevistas, grupo focal, diário de pesquisa e gravação de aulas em vídeo. As aulas analisadas foram ministradas para uma turma de sétimo ano na sala de informática. Através da análise qualitativa dos dados, os desafios e as possibilidades observados foram agrupados em quatro núcleos de significado: (1) a mediação de três línguas: Libras, português e inglês; (2) a mediação do intérprete de Libras; (3) o professor e o uso de Libras; (4) a mediação da tecnologia. Abstract in english This exploratory study investigates teachers', interpreters' and students' views about the teaching of English with the mediation of new technologies and of Brazilian Sign Language (Libras) in an inclusive public school in order to identify the challenges faced by the participants in such a context [...] and point out possible ways of overcoming them. Data were generated through questionnaires, interviews, focus groups, research diaries, and video recordings of lessons. The analyzed lessons were taught to a seventh grade class in the school's computer room. Through qualitative data analysis, the challenges and possibilities observed were grouped in four meaning categories: (1) the mediation of three languages: Libras, Portuguese, and English; (2) the mediation of the Libras interpreter; (3) the teacher and the use of Libras; (4) the mediation of technology.

  17. 14 CFR 221.4 - English language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false English language. 221.4 Section 221.4... REGULATIONS TARIFFS General § 221.4 English language. All tariffs and other documents and material filed with the Department pursuant to this part shall be in the English language....

  18. A Task-Based Language Teaching Approach in Teaching Esp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Motuziene

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available In the article the general overview of the popularity of EFL for university and college students in Lithuania is discussed paying attention to the peculiarities of teaching and learning English for Specific Purposes (ESP at Klaipeda State College and also the strategies of enhancing the communicative competence or ability to communicate both spoken or written language and developing four language skills. The article deals with EFL status in the present labour market in Lithuania as well as the problems the English language teachers and students face and gives the reasons for the need of applying task-based language teaching (TBLT approach used in teaching ESP for students of higher educational institutions.

  19. Language Revitalization and Language Pedagogy: New Teaching and Learning Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton, Leanne

    2011-01-01

    Language learning and teaching of endangered languages have many features and needs that are quite different from the teaching of world languages. Groups whose languages are endangered try to turn language loss around; many new language teaching and learning strategies are emerging, to suit the special needs and goals of language revitalization.…

  20. Language Revitalization and Language Pedagogy: New Teaching and Learning Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton, Leanne

    2011-01-01

    Language learning and teaching of endangered languages have many features and needs that are quite different from the teaching of world languages. Groups whose languages are endangered try to turn language loss around; many new language teaching and learning strategies are emerging, to suit the special needs and goals of language revitalization.…

  1. The English as a Foreign Language / Lingua Franca Debate: Sensitising Teachers of English as a Foreign Language Towards Teaching English as a Lingua Franca El debate del inglés como lengua extranjera o como lengua franca: sensibilización de docentes de inglés como lengua extranjera hacia la enseñanza del inglés como lengua franca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gillian Mansfield

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must nevertheless boast a relevant place in the global scenario. This can be achieved in practical terms by interrogating an expressly made corpus of Chinese English news texts and carrying out simple concordance activities.Debido a los procesos de globalización, la función del inglés como herramienta internacional o como lengua franca para la comunicación exige un replanteamiento de la enseñanza del inglés como idioma extranjero. En este artículo se presenta un estudio empírico llevado a cabo en un contexto universitario italiano que pretende mostrar cómo los docentes deberían desempeñar actividades para facilitar el reconocimiento de otras variedades del inglés que, al no ser utilizadas como modelos de evaluación y certificación lingüística, exigen en cambio una mayor atención en el escenario global. En la práctica, esto puede realizarse analizando un corpus específico de textos periodísticos en inglés chino y llevando a cabo actividades sencillas de concordancias.

  2. Teaching English through Stories: A Meaningful and Fun Way for Children to Learn the Language (La enseñanza del inglés a través de historias: una forma divertida y significativa para que los niños aprendan el idioma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porras González, Nohora Inés

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the results of a study on utilizing stories for teaching English as a foreign language to children in first, second and third grades. It was carried out in a Colombian public elementary school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. The proposal was initiated by a group of student-teachers at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Seccional…

  3. Investigating Head Start Teachers' Beliefs about Language and Literacy Practices for English Language Learners (ELLs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orner Young, Wendy L.

    2012-01-01

    A changing classroom population and lack of English as a Second Language or bilingual instruction at the preschool level has required Head Start teachers to teach English language and literacy skills to English Language Learners (ELLs). The purpose of this dissertation was to develop and validate a new scale to measure preschool teachers'…

  4. Environmental Peace Education in Foreign Language Learners' English Grammar Lessons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arikan, Arda

    2009-01-01

    English language teachers create contexts to teach grammar so that meaningful learning occurs. In this study, English grammar is contextualized through environmental peace education activities to raise students' awareness of global issues. Two sources provided data to evaluate the success of this instructional process. Fourth-year pre-service…

  5. Language, Language Development and Teaching English to Emergent Bilingual Users: Challenging the Common Knowledge Theory in Teacher Education & K-12 School Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faltis, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Popular views about language and how children and youth learn language are based mainly in cognitive approaches in support of a common knowledge theory of language development. This common theory feeds into the efforts to increase teacher and learner accountability as measured on narrow assessments of what it means to use language well and in…

  6. What do English language teachers need to know about English as an International Language?

    OpenAIRE

    Guerra, L.

    2012-01-01

    Some applied linguists have provided a definition of English as an international language (EIL) in order to distinguish it from other concepts such as English as a foreign language (EFL) or English as a second language (ESL). Whereas EFL and ESL have usually been related to non-native speakers of English communicating with native speakers of English, English as an international language can be defined as “that English in all its linguistic and sociolinguistic aspects which is used as a vehicl...

  7. Applying Innovative Spirit to Multimedia Foreign Language Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Zhuo Zhu

    2010-01-01

    It has become many English educators’ common view as well as spontaneous action to implement multimedia-assisted foreign language teaching. It is the advanced media technology that has changed the former teaching pattern. However, will such a teaching pattern achieve success? Under new circumstances, multimedia foreign language teaching seems a challenge for teachers. Only with innovative educational ideas, innovative implementation of new technologies and methods will the teaching efficiency...

  8. GOOD PRONUNCIATION (AND) DAILY LOG FOR TEACHING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE USING THE AUDIO-LINGUAL METHOD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ESTRADA, BEATRICE; STREIFF, PAUL

    THIS GUIDEBOOK WAS DEVELOPED TO ASSIST THE TEACHERS OF NON-ENGLISH SPEAKING YOUNGSTERS WITH THE INSTRUCTION OF ENGLISH. THE 1ST PART OF THE BOOK IS DIVIDED INTO 5 SECTIONS, COVERING INTONATION, PITCH, STRESS, JUNCTURE, AND THE 3 ESSENTIALS OF PRONUNCIATION. A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCE SECTION IS ALSO INCLUDED IN THE 1ST PART. THE SECOND PORTION OF…

  9. Annotated Bibliography of Research on the Teaching of English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Deborah; Martino, Wayne; Rijlaarsdam, Gert; Stinson, Anne D'Antonio; Whiting, Melissa E.

    1999-01-01

    Presents a 43-item selected annotated bibliography of recent research in the teaching of English published, generally, between July through December, 1998. Divides entries into sections on assessment; bilingual/foreign-language education; media, society, and literacy; reading; research methodology; teaching and learning of literature; technology…

  10. Research on English Teaching and Learning: Taiwan (2004-2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Suchiao; Tsai, Yachin

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes research in second/foreign language teaching and learning conducted in Taiwan over the period 2004-2009. Representative articles published in local refereed journals and conference proceedings--not readily accessible outside Taiwan--are reviewed to reflect current trends in English teaching and learning. The main themes…

  11. Using Original Video and Sound Effects to Teach English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yassaei, Shahla

    2012-01-01

    Creating specific lessons for different language skills is challenging and time consuming for English teachers, but it is definitely worth the effort. In the author's experience, teaching language skills through mechanical exercises and traditional fill-in-the-blank, true/false, and multiple-choice assessments does not interest students as much as…

  12. Language teaching and its contexts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Byram

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The title of this new journal provides opportunity to review the many contexts which need to be taken into account in reflecting upon foreign language teaching. These contexts include the educational, the fact that much language teaching takes place within general educational and often compulsory educational settings and institutions. Learners thus encounter foreign languages alongside other languages – their language of the home, the official language of the country, languages of minorities and others – and this needs to be part of the thinking about learning and teaching. Furthermore, since language is the tool for learning throughout life and especially in educational institutions, where the languages of other subjects are languages in themselves which learners have to learn if they are to be successful in education, teachers of all subjects need to be aware of language as the tool of learning. Yet another issue is the relationship of language teaching with citizenship education and the development of ‘intercultural citizenship’. The title of the journal also refers to ‘research’ and here too there is potential for reflection on the modes and paradigms of research which are relevant to investigating language teaching and learning. Distinctions of quantitative and qualitative research are misleading and need to be reviewed. The higher order distinctions are between research which seeks explanation, that which seeks understanding and that which involves advocacy.

  13. Language and Reading Interventions for English Language Learners and English Language Learners with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, Mabel O.; Moughamian, Ani C.; Lesaux, Nonie K.; Francis, David J.

    2009-01-01

    This publication explores issues and makes recommendations related to meeting the needs of English learners with limited language proficiency or learning disabilities, or both. The authors begin by noting the current federal policy context in which this discussion of reading instruction and interventions for English language learners (ELLs)…

  14. English language and the language of development: A Malaysian perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Mohd Faisal b. Hanapiah

    2004-01-01

    English language is the main international language. It is also said that English is the language of progress and development. In this age of Internet and globalization, the use of English has increased tremendously. In Malaysia, English has an impact in certain major developmental areas. This paper investigates, analyzes and further explains the interrelationships between English and the process of development in the country. Discussion includes specific parts of interest: the historical bac...

  15. Role of Applied Linguistics in the Teaching of English in Saudi Arabia

    OpenAIRE

    Intakhab Alam Khan

    2011-01-01

    The importance of applied linguistics in general and English language teaching in particular is perceived by almost all pedagogues and educationists. Gone are days when a postgraduate or a graduate used to join teaching profession due the fact that he possessed good knowledge in English literature or even language. In the modern educational setting, the English teacher is supposed to know linguistics or applied English linguistics in order to prove himself as an effective English language tea...

  16. Teaching and Learning English in Thailand and the Integration of Conversation Analysis (CA) into the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teng, Bunthan; Sinwongsuwat, Kemtong

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of English language teaching and learning, specifically as it pertains to teaching English conversational skills in Thailand. The paper examines the shortcomings of the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) approach, the current dominant pedagogical approach in the nation, and explores how the integration of…

  17. The Language Growth of Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojas, Raul; Iglesias, Aquiles

    2013-01-01

    Although the research literature regarding language growth trajectories is burgeoning, the shape and direction of English Language Learners' (ELLs) language growth trajectories are largely not known. This study used growth curve modeling to determine the shape of ELLs' language growth trajectories across 12,248 oral narrative language samples…

  18. The Language Growth of Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojas, Raul; Iglesias, Aquiles

    2013-01-01

    Although the research literature regarding language growth trajectories is burgeoning, the shape and direction of English Language Learners' (ELLs) language growth trajectories are largely not known. This study used growth curve modeling to determine the shape of ELLs' language growth trajectories across 12,248 oral narrative language samples…

  19. State Funding Mechanisms for English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millard, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Research is clear that English language learners (ELLs) perform better academically and achieve greater language proficiency when they have high-quality English language instruction.1 Like all supplemental services, these necessary supports require additional funding above the average per-student amount. The federal government provides grant…

  20. A Performance Comparison of English Language Proficiency of Bilingual and Dutch Stream Learners and its Relationship to the Teaching Practice at Scala College

    OpenAIRE

    Spelt, C.M.

    2011-01-01

    Bilingual education has increased rapidly in The Netherlands over the past ten years. In the Netherlands, there are more than 100 bilingual schools. In these schools, a number of school subjects are being taught in a second language, usually English. Students in the bilingual stream are taught more than fifty percent of the subjects in English for the first three years. In these lessons English is the medium of instruction and the text books used are also in English. The students are immersed...

  1. What English Language Teachers Need to Know, 2 Facilitating Learning

    CERN Document Server

    Murray, Denise E

    2010-01-01

    Designed for pre-service teachers and teachers new to the field of ELT, "What English Language Teachers Need to Know I and II" are companion volumes organized around the key question: What do teachers need to know and be able to do in order for their students to learn English? Volume I covers the characteristics of the context in which teachers work, how English works and how it is learned, and the teacher's role in the larger professional sphere of English language education. Volume II covers the three main facets of teaching: planning, instructing, and assessing. The focus througho

  2. Broadsheet English: Teaching English through Newspaper Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akdemir, Ahmet Selcuk; Barin, Muzaffer; Demiroz, Hakan

    2012-01-01

    In this study it is aimed to debate whether newspaper articles can be used as speaking materials in foreign language courses as they include most actual and living language patterns by all means. A quasi-experimental study has been carried out at Vocational School of Tourism and Hotel Services of Erzincan University. Thirty-eight preparatory…

  3. La anglofonia y literaturas poscoloniales en la ensenanza de ingles como lengua extranjera (Anglophonism and Postcolonial Literature in Teaching English as a Second Language).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoreda, Margaret Lee

    This paper, written in Spanish, focuses on the instruction of English as a Second Language in the context of cultural understanding, rather than from a purely linguistic point of view. It argues that foreign language instruction should include lessons in the field of sociology, anthropology, history, geography, politics, the arts, and popular…

  4. English Language Classroom Practices: Bangladeshi Primary School Children's Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, Prithvi Narayan

    2013-01-01

    English language teaching (ELT) has been investigated from various angles including how English language teachers perceive what happens in an ELT classroom. How primary school English language learners perceive their experiences of ELT is rarely reported in the published literature, particularly from developing countries such as Bangladesh. This…

  5. 14 CFR 221.4 - English language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false English language. 221.4 Section 221.4...REGULATIONS TARIFFS General § 221.4 English language. All tariffs and other...Department pursuant to this part shall be in the English...

  6. Thematic Units in Teaching English and the Humanities. Third Supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spann, Sylvia, Ed.; Culp, Mary Beth, Ed.

    The seven thematic units in this guide focus on communication skills, offering English teachers contemporary plans for teaching writing, listening, reading, reasoning, critical thinking, and appreciation of literary genres. The units were selected for their humanistic approaches to student language learning, combining English instruction with…

  7. Thematic Units in Teaching English and the Humanities. Second Supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spann, Sylvia, Ed.; Culp, Mary Beth, Ed.

    The seven units in this second supplement to "Thematic Units" focus on communication skills, offering English teachers contemporary plans for teaching writing, listening, persuasion, and reasoning. The units were selected for their humanistic approaches to student language learning, combining English instruction with topics in the humanities. Each…

  8. Effects of Learning Beliefs of Pre-Service Teachers at an English as a Foreign Language Certificate Program on their Practice Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Görsev ?nceçay

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the current study is to explore the effects of pre-service teachers’ language learning beliefs on their practice teaching. Two randomly chosen pre-service teachers were recruited in the study (one male, one female). This research mainly adopted a qualitative approach using a structured interview, philosophy statements, field-notes during observations and the reflective journals of the participants. To explore their language learning beliefs and to determine the categories parti...

  9. Differentiated Learning. Teaching English to Mixed-Ability Classes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L?crimioara N?sui

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The present article is dedicated to one of the most important aspects of teaching nowadays- differentiated teaching and instruction for English language learners. Differentiation means directing teaching towards the interests and capacities of all pupils in a class. It is not a simple expedient for keeping pupils busy – although that may prove important – it is a consideration for overcoming any latent barriers to learning.

  10. Situational Language Teaching in Ubiquitous Learning Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Angus F.M. Huang; Yang, Stephen J. H.; Gwo-Jen Hwang

    2010-01-01

    Situational language teaching (SLT) is an effective instruction paradigm for English teaching in terms of providing vocabularies and sentence patterns with their frequent situations through learning materials. With the growth of educational technology, we need powerful and suitable techniques to embody SLT’s features in ubiquitous learning (u-learning) and thus to benefit teachers and learners. Although researchers have proposed several innovative types of u-learning scenarios, the improved S...

  11. Teaching English through Critical Pedagogy: Problems and Attitudes

    OpenAIRE

    Seyyed Mohammad Ali Soozandehfar; Elmira Noroozisiam

    2011-01-01

    Critical pedagogy is an issue which deserves a lot of attention from language teachers. This paper presents a qualitative study which investigates the attitudes and perceptions of language teachers towards teaching English through applying features of critical pedagogy. The study has been conducted in a small scale with about 10 language teachers from 3 popular institutes in Ardebil, Iran. The research was done through observation and semi-structured interview. We came up with positive attitu...

  12. Teaching Spoken English in Classroom Under Cultural Context in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei WANG

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available During the process of globalization, English plays an indispensable role in the communication of people. As for Chinese college students, how to improve their spoken English proficiency is a troublesome problem. This paper analyzes several reasons why students’ speaking competence is hard to improve and reviews various spoken English teaching methods in the development of foreign language teaching process and proposes that teaching spoken English in classroom under cultural context is an effective method to promote spoken English proficiency of non-English majors. Foster cultural awareness is the essential part. Some practical classroom teaching procedures are presented, together with some puzzles. Without doubt, intercultural exchanges become more and more frequent. Comprehension of the culturally-loaded words plays an important role in avoiding communicative failures and improving intercultural communication.

  13. Teaching Mathematics in Two Languages: A Teaching Dilemma of Malaysian Chinese Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Chap Sam; Presmeg, Norma

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses a teaching dilemma faced by mathematics teachers in the Malaysian Chinese primary schools in coping with the latest changes in language policy. In 2003, Malaysia launched a new language policy of teaching mathematics using English as the language of instruction in all schools. However, due to the complex sociocultural demands…

  14. Cognitive Apprenticeship --- An Effective Learning Mode in the College English Listening Teaching

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    Guoqian Shan

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available An analysis has been made on the existing problems in the traditional process of foreign language teaching in China; and with the help of the theory of cognitive apprenticeship, a further study has been conducted on the effective learning mode in the process of college English listening teaching. An empirical study on the graded English teaching, conducted in the university where the author works, has been made to indicate that the use of multi-media and network technology in the English listening teaching can, to a large extent, improve the language learning environment, develop the student language competence and boost college English teaching in China.

  15. Modular Sequence: English as a Second Language, Methods and Techniques. TTP 001.04 Psychology and Second-Language Teaching: Determining Factors of Success. Teachers Corps Bilingual Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Alberto; Melnick, Susan L.

    This learning module is designed to provide the prospective second-language teacher with an overview of the social and psychological factors affecting second-language learning and practical classroom application of this knowledge. The specific objectives of the module are to: (a) enable the student to explain the roles of attitude, age, aptitude,…

  16. Error correction in english teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Козелецька, І.С.

    2013-01-01

    There are two different ways to develop competence in a language: language acquisition and language learning. Language acquisition is a subconscious process not unlike the way a child learns language. Language acquirers are not consciously aware of the grammatical rules of the language, but

  17. Vocabulary and language teaching

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    Carter, Ronald

    2014-01-01

    The material in this book reviews work dating back to the vocabulary control movement in the 1930s and also refers to more recent work on the role of lexis in language learning. Two chapters describe the main foundations of lexical semantics and relevant research and pedagogical studies in vocabulary and lexicography; and a further chapter discusses recent advances in the field of lexis and discourse analysis. There is also a series of specially commissioned articles which investigate the structure and functions of the modern English lexicon in relation to its exploitation for classroom vocabu

  18. Communicative Language Teaching in the Chinese Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Wei

    2010-01-01

    In order to explore effective ways to develop Chinese English learners' communicative competence, this study first briefly reviews the advantages of communicative language teaching (CLT) method which widely practiced in the Western countries and analyzes in details its obstacles in Chinese classroom context. Then it offers guidelines for…

  19. The Mixed Proportion of Business Knowledge Courses and English Language Courses in Business English Curriculum Design in China

    OpenAIRE

    Wenzhong Zhu; Xuyang Liu

    2014-01-01

    Business English in China has evolved into a degree programme from an ESP teaching programme in the past decades. The degree programme of Business English major intends to cultivate multi-skilled talents of foreign language to better satisfy the real needs of society and economy through curriculum design and teaching method innovation activities. This paper only focuses on reflecting into the mixed proportion of business knowledge courses and English language courses in the curriculum design ...

  20. Modular Sequence: English as a Second Language, Methods and Techniques. TTP 001.14 Teaching ESL in Context. Teacher Corps Bilingual Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Alberto; Melnick, Susan L.

    Given the series of activities included in this module on the importance of cultural context in the teaching of second languages, the participant should be able to: (a) prepare a culturally relevant grammatical exercise for a specific group of Puerto Rican Spanish-speakers, (b) list several possible activities for using the learner's cultural…

  1. Communicative Textbooks: English Language Textbooks in Iranian Secondary School

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    Dahmardeh, Mahdi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available English language teaching materials (textbooks play an important role in many language classrooms, but recently there have been a lot of debates within the English language teaching profession based on the actual role that materials play in teaching English as a foreign language. Arguments have encompassed both the potential and the limitations of materials used for 'guiding' students through the learning processes and curriculum as well as the needs and preferences of teachers who are using the textbooks that are available. Other issues that have arisen in recent years include textbook design and practicality, methodological validity, the role of textbooks in innovation, the authenticity of materials in terms of their representation of language, communicative textbooks, and balance in presenting the language skills as well as cultural components.The purpose of this article is to report the findings of a study carried out in 2006 into how Iranian textbooks could be made more communicative. The textbooks referred to are three English language textbooks, which are currently used in Iranian Secondary Schools. Although the work has been done within Iranian context, many suggestions could be applied to other foreign/second language situations.I will start my discussion by presenting an overview about the English language teaching in Iran, before and after the revolution. This will be followed by presenting the findings of this research that would include the Iranian ELT curriculum, the questionnaire survey (author's and teachers' perspectives as well as their discomfort will be addressed as well as introducing the English language coursebooks for secondary schools in Iran (topic, progression, structure of the lessons, types of exercises etc.. I will then present a discussion on findings of this research which would be a detailed exemplary criticism and suggestions for changes to make the materials communicative.The findings of this explanatory case study revealed that there are many inconsistencies between the learners' needs, and the textbooks that are available for learning and teaching the English language though a few of them are reliable. The purpose of this research project is to recommend constructive changes, in order to make the textbooks more communicative as well as compatible with the students' and teachers' needs and expectations.

  2. TBL in English language learning in Macau: effects on Chinese tertiary learners' beliefs and motivations

    OpenAIRE

    Lau, Ines

    2009-01-01

    Developing effectiveness in learning is the goal of teaching. In order to achieve this goal and to bridge the gap between teaching and learning in the EFL classroom, SLA researchers in the past decades have become increasingly interested in pedagogical conceptions, such as Learner-centredness, Communicative Language Teaching, and Task-Based Language Learning (TBL). In particular, research into TBL pedagogy has had an important influence on the field of English language teaching in recent ye...

  3. Why does Testing English Language Skills Really Matter? Issues and Challenges in Pakistani Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Yousuf Sharjeel and Wasim Qazi

    2012-01-01

    This paper highlights the causes of incompetence amongst the higher education English language teachers in Pakistan to assess the skill-based language competency of non-native English language students. It elaborates the needs for training the faculty members teaching English courses to learn how they can enhance the real potential of their English language students with focus on listening comprehension, speaking, reading comprehension, writing and grammatical structures rather than only a w...

  4. World Englishes, English as an International Language and Applied Linguistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilickaya, Ferit

    2009-01-01

    The paper discusses World Englishes (WEs) in relation to English as an International Language (EIL) and Applied Linguistics. Taking into account Kachru's interesting but at the same time controversial debate about the status of English in its varieties, which are commonly called WEs and the opposing ideas presented by Quirk, it is aimed to present…

  5. English, Language Dominance, and Ecolinguistic Diversity Maintenance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Phillipson, Robert; Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove

    2013-01-01

    The chapter analyses how English became dominant and the implications of the expansion of dominant languages for the linguistic and cultural ecology and biodiversity. English has expanded through the imperialist and linguicist policies of the UK, the USA and the World Bank. Key structural and...... vitality of local languages. However, these are up against the market forces behind English and European Union policies that strengthen English....

  6. The impact of teachers' limited english proficiency on english second language learners in South African schools

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Norma, Nel; Heléne, Müller.

    Full Text Available The importance of the role of language in teacher education programmes and in children's learning is crucial. This study focuses on the use of English as the language of learning and teaching and its impact on the language development of English second language (ESL) student teachers and ESL learner [...] s. Against the background of major theories in second language (L2) acquisition and learning, this topic is contextualized within the South African education system. An empirical inquiry was carried out in which portfolios (evidence of practical teaching including lesson plans and learners' work) submitted by final year student teachers enrolled at a large distance teaching university for the Advanced Certificate in Education: Inclusive Education were scrutinised. A comparison of teacher and learner written errors was made. Based on the findings, a questionnaire was designed to determine the extent of the impact of teachers' limited English proficiency on learners' English proficiency. The findings of the questionnaire responses are presented. Recommendations are made on how student teachers can improve their teaching practice to ensure quality ESL teacher input and ESL learner performance.

  7. "Deadwood" and the English Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benz, Brad

    2007-01-01

    In "The New Language of the Old West," "Deadwood"'s creator and executive producer David Milch offers an extended exposition of the television show's language: "Language--both obscene and complicated--was one of the few resources of society that was available to these people.... It's very well documented that the obscenity of the West was…

  8. El cine anglofono en la ensenanza de ingles (Anglophone Films in the Teaching of English).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoreda, Margaret Lee

    The use of English-language films as tools for teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) at the university level is examined. The perspective in this paper is that both strong communicative skills and cross-cultural understanding are crucial components of ESL instruction, thus authentic English-language films (i.e., those made for the…

  9. NEW APPROACHES TO TEACHING BUSINESS ENGLISH FOR TOURISM STUDENTS

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    Simion Otilia Minodora

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a service - sector which has proved to be constant in times of economic crisis and will continue to grow at a rapid pace in the 21st century and thus communication in foreign languages is vital for this field. However, English, the lingua franca of our century, remains a difficult language to master and , with the emphasis on science and professional subjects, language studies are often neglected in universities The present paper examines a few steps in the development of Business English and some new approaches to teaching Business English to tourism students considering the fact that recently, due to the changes going on in the labour market, there has been a shift in the students’ needs and a subsequent shift in the pedagogy of teaching Business English students in tourism By and large Business English is also a very difficult task, because it has to face both the challenges of teaching a foreign language and those of having that very foreign language become another language in itself through its specialized vocabulary with a double communication task. This must be added to the ever new communication skills required of our graduates in the labour market.

  10. Words for English-Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biemiller, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    It is well-established that vocabulary is the strongest predictor of reading comprehension from grades 2 or 3 on. In this article, I argue (a) that English vocabulary is acquired in a similar sequence by native-English speakers and English-language learners; and (b) that it is possible to identify words that both lower-vocabulary English-speakers…

  11. Current Challenges in English Language Learning in Turkish EFL Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solak, Ekrem; Bayar, Adem

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the current challenges in English language learning and teaching in Turkey from high and low achievers' perspective. The study was qualitative in nature and the participants of the study were twenty-two students attending at various departments of a state university in Turkey. In this study, the…

  12. Students of Today Changing English Language Studies of Yesterday

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Vodopija-Krstanovi?

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent times, concern has been expressed as to whether English Language Studies are in tune with the wider social, political, technological and economic trends, and the latest developments in applied linguistics and English language education. In line with these views, the aim of this study is to explore – by means of interviews with 25 English majors from the University of Rijeka – the students’ expectations with respect to the skills and competencies (to be developed in their course of English studies, their relevance to the job market, as well as the teaching approaches and methods used to reach these learning outcomes. By comparing and contrasting the emerging educational trends triggered by the Bologna Process with primary data collected in our interviews, we focus on the implications that our results might have in terms of introducing changes to traditional English Language Studies educational paradigms.

  13. Demonstrating Functional Interactive Language Teaching in the Nigerian Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bello, Rachael O.; Oni-Buraimoh, Olawunmi O.

    2014-01-01

    Applied linguistics affords Linguists the opportunity of solving language related problems using various methods. In this paper, we x-ray the Nigerian University classroom situation in the teaching of the English language viz-a-viz the use of functional interactive method. Following Littlewood (1981) and Krashen (1982), we posit that the teaching…

  14. Mother Tongue Use in Task-Based Language Teaching Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Nguyen Viet

    2012-01-01

    Researches of English language teaching (ELT) have focused on using mother tongue (L1) for years. The proliferation of task-based language teaching (TBLT) has been also occurred. Considerable findings have been made in the existing literature of the two fields; however, no mentions have been made in the combination of these two ELT aspects, i.e.,…

  15. Cultural Contrasts and Commonalities in Inspiring Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamb, Martin; Wedell, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Inspiring teaching is the kind of pedagogy that motivates pupils to study autonomously, in their own time, of their own volition beyond the classroom, and may be particularly important for long-term endeavours such as learning a second language. This study aimed to find out the prevalence and nature of inspiring English language teaching in the…

  16. Diagnostic English Language Needs Assessment (DELNA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doe, Christine

    2014-01-01

    Tests measuring academic language are traditionally associated with visible, high-stakes decisions of whether or not English language learners are admitted to post-secondary institutions. However, a new form of assessment in higher education is now gaining prominence. Post-entry (or post-enrolment) language assessments (PELA) determine the…

  17. Invented Rule with English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Valerie E.; Martin, Kathryn Y.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to utilize an invented rule with English language learners (ELLs) in a clinical setting to determine differences based on language and age of the children. The performance was correlated with teacher reports of strong and weak language learning. Using a within-participants design, ELLs of age three to five were taught…

  18. International Student Security and English Language Proficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawir, Erlenawati; Marginson, Simon; Forbes-Mewett, Helen; Nyland, Chris; Ramia, Gaby

    2012-01-01

    "International student security" refers to the international student's maintenance of a stable capacity for self-determining human agency. The article focuses on the role of English-language proficiency in the security of students from English as Foreign Language countries, drawing on evidence from a program of semistructured interviews with 200…

  19. Global Expansion and English Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, Maureen Snow

    2016-01-01

    Demand for higher education is global. As institutions extend opportunities beyond their borders, English language proficiency must be considered. This chapter focuses on considerations related to global expansion, with an emphasis on the role of distance English language courses and the distinct considerations in their development.

  20. Core Strategies to Support English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Sheldon; Eslami, Zohreh R.; Joshi, R. Malatesha

    2012-01-01

    Reading and vocabulary instruction can serve as an instructional process to respond to English language learner (ELL) needs. The purpose of this review of literature was to determine whether reading and vocabulary instruction should be used as core strategies for supporting ELLs requiring interventions as a response to the Texas English Language…