WorldWideScience

Sample records for egyptian beta-thalassemia major

  1. Hematuria in Patients With Beta-Thalassemia Major

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Hossein Fallahzadeh; Mohammad Kazem Fallahzadeh; Mehdi Shahriari; Shervin Rastegar; Ali Derakhshan; Mohammad Amin Fallahzadeh

    2010-01-01

    Introduction. Our information about renal involvement in beta-thalassemia major is limited. Recently, few studies have reported proteinuria, hypercalcuria, phosphaturia, and oversecretion of tubular damage markers; however, hematuria has not yet been meticulously studied in these patients. We investigated hematuria in patients with beta-thalassemia major.Materials and Methods. Urinalysis was performed in 500 patients with beta-thalassemia major under a regular blood transfusion program. In th...

  2. Gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging study of pancreatic iron overload in young Egyptian beta-thalassemia major patients and effect of splenectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matter Randa M

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Thalassemic patients suffer from diabetes mellitus secondary to hemosiderosis. Aims The study aimed to evaluate pancreatic iron overload by T2*-weighted Gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI in young beta-thalassemia major patients and to correlate it with glucose disturbances, hepatic hemosiderosis, serum ferritin and splenectomy. Methods Forty thalassemic patients (20 non diabetic, 10 diabetic, and 10 with impaired glucose tolerance were recruited from Pediatric Hematology Clinic, in addition to 20 healthy controls. All patients underwent clinical assessment and laboratory investigations included complete blood count, liver function tests, serum ferritin and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT. A T2*-weighted gradient-echo sequence MRI was performed with 1.5 T scanner and signal intensity ratio (SIR of the liver and the pancreas to noise were calculated. Results Significant reduction in signal intensity ratio (SIR of the liver and the pancreas was shown in thalassemic patients compared to controls (P Conclusions pancreatic siderosis can be detected by T2* gradient-echo MRI since childhood in thalassemic patients, and is more evident in patients with abnormal glucose tolerance. After splenectomy, iron deposition may be accelerated in the pancreas. Follow up of thalassemic patients using pancreatic MRI together with intensive chelation therapy may help to prevent the development of overt diabetes.

  3. Malocclusion in subjects with beta-thalassemia major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Shahsevari

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Introduction: Beta-thalassemia major is a hemolytic anemia. If these patients are not treated, bone marrow hyperplasia will happen. Hematopoiesis in the jaw results in mandibular and/or maxillary enlargement. To our knowledge, there are few studies about frequency of malocclusion in these patients. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the frequency of malocclusion in beta-thalassemia patients and compare it to healthy control group. Materials and Methods: This research was a cross sectional study. Seventy beta-thalassemia patients and 70 healthy controls (age and sex matched were examined for malocclusion using Angle classification, WHO malocclusion classification, determination of overjet and overbite. If crossbite, spacing, openbite, crowding and mouth breathing were observed in clinical examination they were recorded. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square and Variants analysis. Results: Beta-thalassemia patients showed class II malocclusion (angle classification and grade 2 (WHO classification more than healthy control group. There were significant differences in angle & WHO malocclusion classification between two groups (P<0.05. Increased overjet and mouth breathing were seen in patients more than healthy control group. There were significant differences in overjet and mouth breathing between two groups (P<0.05. There was a positive correlation between WHO malocclusion classification and serum ferritin levels, but not between angle malocclusion classification, overjet and serum ferritin levels. Conclusion: Beta-thalassemia major is associated with increased malocclusion and these anomalies will occur if the patients are not treated early. Patients with malocclusion should be visited and followed up by a dentist for dental problems. Fortunately, as a result of new treatments these patients live longer than before. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to their functional and esthetical problems.

  4. Hemoglobin D/beta-thalassemia and beta-thalassemia major in a Saudi family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owaidah, Tarek M; Al-Saleh, Mahasen M; Al-Hellani, Ali M

    2005-04-01

    The present report describes the clinical, hematological and molecular characteristics in a family with unique interaction between 3 different mutations discovered during routine workup for bone marrow transplantation. In this report, complete hematological and molecular studies were performed for a large Saudi family. The family consisted of parents and 9 children, which revealed that the father is compound heterozygous for hemoglobin Hb D Punjab/beta-thalassemia, the mother is a carrier for beta-thalassemia and 3 of their children are transfusion dependent beta-thalassemia. Two of the children are compound heterozygous for Hb D Punjab/beta-thalassemia like the father but with different genotype. The other 2 children have Hb D Punjab traits while 2 other children have beta-thalassemia traits. Although, compound heterozygous for Hb D/beta-thalassemia has been well described in the literature, our report emphasizes the importance of careful analysis of the electrophoresis results and the usefulness of molecular studies in premarital screening and other screening hemoglobinopathy programs. PMID:15900384

  5. Hemoglobin D/beta-thalassemia and beta-thalassemia major in a Saudi family.

    OpenAIRE

    Tarek M. Owaidah; Mahasen M. Al-Saleh; Ali M. Al-Hellani

    2005-01-01

    ABSTRACT The present report describes the clinical, hematological and molecular characteristics in a family with unique interaction between 3 different mutations discovered during routine workup for bone marrow transplantation. In this report, complete hematological and molecular studies were performed for a large Saudi family. The family consisted of parents and 9 children, which revealed that the father is compound heterozygous for hemoglobin Hb D Punjab/beta-thalassemia, the mother is a...

  6. Economic burden of beta-thalassemia/Hb E and beta-thalassemia major in Thai children

    OpenAIRE

    Riewpaiboon Arthorn; Nuchprayoon Issarang; Torcharus Kitti; Indaratna Kaemthong; Thavorncharoensap Montarat; Ubol Bang-on

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Hemoglobin E beta-thalassemia (?-thalassemia/Hb E) has a variable severity, and the cost of treatment has not been well studied. The aim of this study was to analyze the societal cost of caring for children with ?-thalassemias in Thailand. The study was designed as a prevalence-based cost-of-illness analysis in a societal perspective. Medical records from three public hospitals of children aged 2-18 years with ?-thalassemia/Hb E and homozygous ?-thalassemia were reviewed f...

  7. Skeletal Changes in Patients with BetaThalassemia Major in Ahvaz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mashaalah Khanehmasjedi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Thalassemia major has severe clinical symptoms with craniofacial defects that produce esthetic problems in patients. Orthodontic treatment and surgical reconstruction in these patients have had good esthetic results and therefore satisfying pschycosocial effects. Researches have shown an increase in the level of life quality corresponding to health improvement in thalassemic patients. More knowledge and information is necessary for better treatment of skeletal problems in thalassemia. Subjects and Methods: This descriptive and analytic study was performed on 48-beta thalassemia major patient and 48 normal samples. They were divided into two groups (24 persons based on their genders. Including criteria for samples were : being more than 15 years old, not being affected by special disorders, not having orthodontic and orthopedic treatment, having Cl I profile, normal facial height, Cl I molar relationship, normal overbite and over jet and the presence of all permanent teeth (except third molar. Cephalometric analysis was used for evaluation of cephalograms. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistical and paired sample T-test (P<0.005. Results: SNA angle did no significant increase, but SNB and ANB angles significantly decreased (P<0.005. The angle between SN-Occlusal plans, Frankfort - y-axis plans and basal plans showed increase, but the angle between Frankfort - facial plans (P<0.005 and the distance between pog-NB plan showed decrease (P<0.005. Conclusion: Beta thalassemia major induces Cl II malocclusion and long face growth pattern due to decrease in mandibular growth and decrease in posterior facial height. ?Please cite this paper as: Khanehmasjedi M, Bassir L Mombeyni M. Skeletal Changes in Patients with Beta - Talassemia Major in Ahvaz. JundishapurSci Med J. 2012;11(3:295-302

  8. Skeletal Changes in Patients with BetaThalassemia Major in Ahvaz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mashaalah Khanehmasjedi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Thalassemia major has severe clinical symptoms with craniofacial defects that produce esthetic problems in patients. Orthodontic treatment and surgical reconstruction in these patients have had good esthetic results and therefore satisfying pschycosocial effects. Researches have shown an increase in the level of life quality corresponding to health improvement in thalassemic patients. More knowledge and information is necessary for better treatment of skeletal problems in thalassemia. Subjects and Methods: This descriptive and analytic study was performed on 48-beta thalassemia major patient and 48 normal samples. They were divided into two groups (24 persons based on their genders. Including criteria for samples were : being more than 15 years old, not being affected by special disorders, not having orthodontic and orthopedic treatment, having Cl I profile, normal facial height, Cl I molar relationship, normal overbite and over jet and the presence of all permanent teeth (except third molar. Cephalometric analysis was used for evaluation of cephalograms. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistical and paired sample T-test (P<0.005. Results: SNA angle did no significant increase, but SNB and ANB angles significantly decreased (P<0.005. The angle between SN-Occlusal plans, Frankfort - y-axis plans and basal plans showed increase, but the angle between Frankfort - facial plans (P<0.005 and the distance between pog-NB plan showed decrease (P<0.005.Conclusion: Beta thalassemia major induces Cl II malocclusion and long face growth pattern due to decrease in mandibular growth and decrease in posterior facial height.

  9. Attenuation of serum ferritin and iron burden by intake of antioxidants in beta thalassemia major.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhagat, Sonali S; Sarkar, Purnima Dey; Suryakar, Adinath N; Padalkar, Ramchandra K; Ghone, Rahul A; Patil, Sangita M; Hundekar, Prakash S

    2013-01-01

    It has been anticipated that iron and ferritin burden in patients with beta thalassemia major is associated with enhanced free radical formation and blemished antioxidant defense system. The goal of study was to scrutinize impact of serum iron, total iron binding capacity (TIBC), ferritin and erythrocyte catalase in patients with beta thalassemia major. 140 beta thalassemia major patients were studied before and after supplementation of antioxidants for one month, and status was compared with 140 age and sex matched healthy controls. A significant elevation was found in the levels of serum iron and ferritin (P 0.05) when compared with controls and baselines values. Beta thalassemia major children receive multiple blood transfusions, and are at risk of secondary iron overload induced oxidative stress. These effects may be help to minimize with supplementation of antioxidants. PMID:24617170

  10. Magnetic measurements on human erythrocytes: Normal, beta thalassemia major, and sickle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakhnini, Lama

    2003-05-01

    In this article magnetic measurements were made on human erythrocytes at different hemoglobin states (normal and reduced hemoglobin). Different blood samples: normal, beta thalassemia major, and sickle were studied. Beta thalassemia major and sickle samples were taken from patients receiving lifelong blood transfusion treatment. All samples examined exhibited diamagnetic behavior. Beta thalassemia major and sickle samples showed higher diamagnetic susceptibilities than that for the normal, which was attributed to the increase of membrane to hemoglobin volume ratio of the abnormal cells. Magnetic measurements showed that the erythrocytes in the reduced state showed less diamagnetic response in comparison with erythrocytes in the normal state. Analysis of the paramagnetic component of magnetization curves gave an effective magnetic moment of ?eff=7.6 ?B per reduced hemoglobin molecule. The same procedure was applied to sickle and beta thalassemia major samples and values for ?eff were found to be comparable to that of the normal erythrocytes.

  11. Oxidative stress and disturbance in antioxidant balance in beta thalassemia major

    OpenAIRE

    Ghone, Rahul A.; Kumbar, K. M.; Suryakar, A. N.; Katkam, R. V.; Joshi, N. G.

    2008-01-01

    Repeated blood transfusion in beta thalassemia major patients may lead to peroxidative tissue injury by secondary iron overload. In the present study, 72 children with beta thalassemia major were included. Serum levels of total lipid peroxides, Iron, Total Iron Binding Capacity, Copper, Zinc, Vitamin E, plasma Total Antioxidant Capacity, activity of Erythrocyte Superoxide Dismutase, were measured. The findings were compared with 72 age matched healthy controls irrespective of sex. A significa...

  12. Economic burden of beta-thalassemia/Hb E and beta-thalassemia major in Thai children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riewpaiboon Arthorn

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hemoglobin E beta-thalassemia (?-thalassemia/Hb E has a variable severity, and the cost of treatment has not been well studied. The aim of this study was to analyze the societal cost of caring for children with ?-thalassemias in Thailand. The study was designed as a prevalence-based cost-of-illness analysis in a societal perspective. Medical records from three public hospitals of children aged 2-18 years with ?-thalassemia/Hb E and homozygous ?-thalassemia were reviewed for direct medical cost determination. For direct non-medical cost and indirect cost, a family member was interviewed. Findings It was found that 201 patients with ?-thalassemia/Hb E (91% and homozygous ?-thalassemia (9% were recruited for this study. Ninety-two (46% were severe thalassemia and 109 (54% were mild to moderate severity. The annual average cost of treatment was US$950; 59% was direct medical cost, 17% direct non-medical cost, and 24% indirect cost. The costs were differentiated by some potential predictors. Significant predictor variables were: hospital, health insurance scheme, blood transfusion pattern, and iron chelation drug use. Conclusions The average annual cost per patient was calculated, and the cost model was estimated. These would be applied for national planning, economic evaluation of treatment and prevention interventions, and budget impact analysis.

  13. Evaluation of Mental Health and Related Factors Among Patients with Beta-Thalassemia Major in South East of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Morteza Ashrafi; Mohammad Reza Hormozi; Majid Naderi; Abolfazl Emamdadi

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Beta-thalassemia major (?-TM) is a chronic, genetic and hematological disorder. Children and teenagers with chronic physical illnesses exemplified by thalassemia are vulnerable to emotional and behavioral problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate mental health and its related factors among young patients with beta-thalassemia major. Methods: In this cross-sectional observational descriptive-analytic study, we studied 164 patients suffering from Beta-thalassemia major wit...

  14. Serum Folate Levels in Major Beta Thalassemia Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samin Alavi

    Full Text Available Objective: Beta major thalassemia is a variant of beta thalassemia syndrome which could be treated with bone marrow transplantation or if not available, regular blood transfusion. In the latter case, supportive therapy is the mainstay of treatment because of low folate intake or absorption. But the main cause of insufficient supportive therapy is the increasing need of bone marrow for ineffective erythropoiesis in the absence of regular blood transfusion. The purpose of regular blood transfusion in ? major thalassemia patients is to maintain the range of hemoglobin level between 9 and 11 gr/dl to stop insufficient erythropoiesis completely. Therefore, by regular blood transfusion, supportive therapy with folic acid would not be needed. The aim of this study is to determine serum folate level in regular transfused ? major thalassemia patients in Mofid Children's Hospital during 2006.Methods: This is a cross sectional descriptive–analytic study performed on 100 ? major thalassemia patients receiving regular blood transfusion and desferal. Post-storage leukodepleted blood is used for transfusion. Patients’ data is achieved from information data sheets. Serum folate level is determined with Electrochemiluminescence method in one of the most reliable laboratory centers. Normal serum folate level was 3-17.5 ng/ml in this laboratory with the sensitivity of 0.6 ng. Data analysis is performed with SPSS analysis software, and with chi squared, T-test and Spearman test.Findings: 56 (56% girls and 44 (44% boys entered this study with a median age of 156 (? 71.2 months and an age range of 14-288 months. Patients’ median hemoglobin level was 9.5 (?0.87 g/dl, with minimum of 7.5 and maximum of 11.9 g/dl. Mean MCV was 84.2 (?4.20 fl, with the range of 73.4 -95.3 fl. Serum folate level was in the range of 1-19 ng/ml and median of 9 (? 4.9 ng/ml. Serum folate was less than 3 ng/ml in 3% of evaluated patients. Hemoglobin level was equal or more than 9 g/dl in 73% of patients.Conclusion: It seems that if major ? thalassemia patients receive regular blood transfusion, their serum folate level would be in normal range and supplementation therapy with folate will not be necessary.

  15. Assessment of Thyroid Function in Children Aged 1-13 Years with Beta-Thalassemia Major

    OpenAIRE

    Nurcan Beyaz?t; Deniz Gökalp; Turgay Deniz; Ayfer Gözü Pirinççio?lu; Kenan Haspolat; Murat Söker

    2011-01-01

    Objective:Hypothyroidism usually appears in the second decade of life and is thought to be associated with iron overload in patients with thalassemia major. This study aimed to evaluate thyroid dysfunctions in patients with beta-thalassemia major and to see if they appear in the earlier period of life. Methods:Thyroid function and iron load status were evaluated in 90 children with a mean age of 7.17±3.78 years with beta-thalassemia major by measuring serum free thyroxin (FT4), serum f...

  16. Evaluation of pulmonary function in beta-thalassemia major patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To describe and quantify the functional change of the lung in patients with beta-thalassemia major (TM) and determine the correlation between pulmonary function test (PFT) results with hemoglobin, ferritin and age changes. Methodology: Pulmonary function tests were performed on 60 transfusion-dependent patients with TM, ranging in age from 10 to 45 years. Percent-predicted values for forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and forced expiratory flows (FEF) 25-75% were significantly reduced, whereas forced expiratory vital capacity (FVC) and FEV1/FVC were closed to normal limits, indicating a restrictive disease. All factors including; FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC, FEF 25-75% were negatively correlated with age and ferritin levels. In contrast, all factors including; FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC, FEF 25-75% were positively correlated with hemoglobin (Hb). We performed linear regression analysis to study the simultaneous influence of the presence of age, ferritin, and Hb on obstructive PFT indexes. Results: Pulmonary function test results were normal in only 32 (53.3%) of 60 patients and the rest 28 cases (46.7%) showed abnormal pulmonary function. FEV1 and FEF 25% - 75% have significant negative correlation with age (r = - 0.64 p(r) = 0.003 and r = - 0.58 p(r) = 0.02 respectively), also have significant positive correlation with Hb (r = 0.31 p(r) = 0.015 and r = 0.33 p(r) = 0.01 respectively), and only FEF 25% - 75% has significant negative correlation with fer significant negative correlation with ferritin (r -0.26 p(r) = 0.04). Conclusion: The present study has shown that restrictive disease and reduced lung diffusing capacity are the predominant abnormalities of pulmonary function patients with TM. The low hemoglobin concentration and a fall in the diffusing capacity of the alveola - capillary membrane, together with the dependence of the reduced pulmonary diffusing capacity on age and serum ferritin levels, as well as of the entity of restrictive disease on age, suggests that pulmonary dysfunctions in patients with TM are due mainly to lung fibrosis and/or interstitial edema related to iron overload. (author)

  17. Resolution of alloimmunization and refractory autoimmune hemolytic anemia in a multi-transfused beta-thalassemia major patient

    OpenAIRE

    Philip, Joseph; Jain, Neelesh

    2014-01-01

    Beta-thalassemia is one of the most prevalent autosomal disorders, which affect more than 400,000 newborn per year worldwide. In India, the carrier rate of beta-thalassemia varies from 3-17%. The overall rate of alloimmunization in thalassemia patients has been reported to be 5-30% in the world, which is mostly contributed by the alloimmunization to minor blood group antigen. Among Asians, the incidence of red cell alloimmunization is 22%. The recommended treatment for beta-thalassemia major ...

  18. Frequency of Sensory Neural Hearing Loss in Major Beta-Thalassemias in Southern Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Abolhassan Faramarzi; Mehran Karimi; Seyed-Taghi Heydari; Mahmoud Shishegar; Masoud Kaviani

    2010-01-01

    Objective:The thalassemias are among the most common genetic disorders worldwide, occurring more frequently in the Mediterranean region. The aim of this study was to determined frequency of sensory-neural hearing loss in major ß- thalassemias transfusion dependent patients in south of Iran. Methods:A cross sectional study on 308 cases of major beta-thalassemia patients referring to Thalassemia Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences between 2006-2007 years. The diagnosis of ß- thala...

  19. Prevalence of Hepatitis C and Related Factors among Beta-Thalassemia Major Patients in Southern Iran in 2005-2006

    OpenAIRE

    Ansari, H; H Kamani; A. Arbabi Sarjo

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess of hepatitis C and related factors among beta-thalassemia patients. In 2005-5006 a cross sectional study was conducted in Dastgheib hospital, Shiraz, Iran. Participants were all beta-thalassemia major patients (806 cases). Blood samples were taken from patients and HCVAb was determined using commercial Kit. The data collected using a questionnaire consists on demographic and treatment related variables. Data were analyzed using chi-square test. The subj...

  20. A cross-sectional study of metabolic and endocrine complications in beta-thalassemia major

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iron overload is a major problem in patients with beta-thalassemia major, and it has many structural and metabolic consequences. The aim of this study was evaluation of endocrine disturbances in patients with beta-thalassemia major who were older than 10 years of age. In this cross-sectional study, investigator collected demographic data and medical histories, as well as menstrual history in females, from the medical records of 56 patients with beta-thalassemia major. Patients were examined to determine their pubertal status and the standard deviation score for height for evaluation of short stature. For evaluation of glucose tolerance, a fasting blood glucose and oral glucose tolerance tests were performed. Evidence for diabetes mellitus was based on American Diabetes Association and World Health Organization criteria. Serum levels of calcium, phosphorous, thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxin, luteinizing hormone and follicular-stimulating hormone and estradiol in girls and testosterone in boys were measured. The mean and standard deviation for age in the 56 patients (36 males and 20 females) was 15.62+-4.44 years. Diabetes mellitus was present in 5 patients (8.9%), impaired fasting glucose was found in 16 patients (28.6%) and an impaired glucose tolerance test was found in 4 patients (7.1%). Short stature (standard deviation score <-2) was seen in 25 (70%) boys and 14 (73%) girls. Impaired puberty was found in 40 patients (71%). Hypocalcaemia and primary overtnts (71%). Hypocalcaemia and primary overt hyperthyroidism were present in 23 (41%) and 9 patients (16%), respectively. Only eight patients (14.3%) had no endocrine abnormalities. Despite therapy with deferoxamine to treat iron overload, the risk of secondary endocrine dysfunction remained high. Hypogonadism was one of the most frequent endocrine complications. Impaired glucose tolerance, short stature, hypocalcemia, subclinical and overt hypothyroidism are also frequent. (author)

  1. Assessment of Thyroid Function in Children Aged 1-13 Years with Beta-Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayfer Gozu Pirinccioglu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Hypothyroidism usually appears in the second decade of life and is thought to be associated with iron overload in patients with thalassemia major. This study aimed to evaluate thyroid dysfunctions in patients with beta-thalassemia major and to see if they appear in the earlier period of life.Methods: Thyroid function and iron load status were evaluated in 90 children with a mean age of 7.17±3.78 years with beta-thalassemia major by measuring serum free thyroxin (FT4, serum free triiodothyronine (FT3, total thyroxin (T3, serum total triiodothyronine (T4, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH and ferritin levels from serum of patients admitted to the Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine University of Dicle between March 2005 and July 2009. A control group formed from an age-sex matched healthy children with a mean age of 6.98±3.66 years was also included. A standard thyrotropin releasing hormone test was applied to 3 patients who had high TSH levels and were classified as subclinical primer hypothyroidism. The study was designed according to the Declaration of Helsinki and informed consent was obtained from the parents of all participants.Findings: All thyroid parameters in patients were in the normal ranges compared with the controls except three of them which had high TSH levels. Serum ferritin level (2703±1649 ng/mL in patients was significantly higher than in controls (81.5±15.5 ng/mL.Conclusion: The work implies that hypothyroidism could be even seen in the first decade of life in patients with beta-thalassemia major in spite of improved hematological cares.

  2. Assessment of Thyroid Function in Children Aged 1-13 Years with Beta-Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurcan Beyaz?t

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective:Hypothyroidism usually appears in the second decade of life and is thought to be associated with iron overload in patients with thalassemia major. This study aimed to evaluate thyroid dysfunctions in patients with beta-thalassemia major and to see if they appear in the earlier period of life. Methods:Thyroid function and iron load status were evaluated in 90 children with a mean age of 7.17±3.78 years with beta-thalassemia major by measuring serum free thyroxin (FT4, serum free triiodothyronine (FT3, total thyroxin (T3, serum total triiodothyronine (T4, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH and ferritin levels from serum of patients admitted to the Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine University of Dicle between March 2005 and July 2009. A control group formed from an age-sex matched healthy children with a mean age of 6.98±3.66 years was also included. A standard thyrotropin releasing hormone test was applied to 3 patients who had high TSH levels and were classified as subclinical primer hypothyroidism. The study was designed according to the Declaration of Helsinki and informed consent was obtained from the parents of all participants. Findings:All thyroid parameters in patients were in the normal ranges compared with the controls except three of them which had high TSH levels. Serum ferritin level (2703±1649 ng/mL in patients was significantly higher than in controls (81.5±15.5 ng/mL. Conclusion:The work implies that hypothyroidism could be even seen in the first decade of life in patients with beta-thalassemia major in spite of improved hematological cares.

  3. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients with Beta-Thalassemia Major

    OpenAIRE

    "Ghavamzadeh A; Bahar.B; Iravani M; Jahani M; Gholibeikian S; Eghbal L

    2004-01-01

    From 1996 to 2002, fifty three patients with major beta-thalassemia received allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell trans¬plantation (PBSCT). Median age was 6 years .Twenty two were class I, 17 class II and 14 class III. All of the donors were HLA-identical. Conditioning regimen for class I and II patients consisted of Cyclophosphamide (CY) 50 mg/kg/day for 4 days + Busulfan (Bu) 3.5 mg/kg for 4 days, while class III patients received 4 mg/kg/day Busulfan for 4 days and 40mg/kg/day Cyc...

  4. Nitroblue tetrazolium test in patients with beta-thalassemia major

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective to assess the neutrophil function in thalassemia major (TM)patients and compare it with the control group and to recognize its relevantfactors. This was a retrospective cohort study, which was carried out fromOctober 2007 to February 2008 in the Thalassemia research Center in Boo AliSina Hospital in Sari, Mazandaran, North of Iran. The study populationconsisted of TM patients in Boo Ali Sina Teaching Hospital. The method ofsampling in the case group was systematic and it was target based in thecontrol group. The sample size determined was based on previous studies.Thalassemia major was diagnosed based on hemoglobin electrophoresis (casegroup). The control group was their brothers and sisters, who had +-5 yearsof age difference and were of the same gender as the patients. Datacollection was based on interview, investigating demographic characteristicsand also obtaining medical information from medical records of the patients.The neutrophil function was by performing nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT)reduction test. The test was carried out on both groups and the data wereanalyzed by software using SPSS version 13.0. In this study, 39 patients and39 healthy controls were compared. The average age of the patients was21.6+-5.3 years and it was 22.4+-5.1 years in healthy controls (p=0.7). Therewas a significant correlation between the test's results and the patients age(p=0.008). The rate of impaired NBT results in the patients was 36%, while itwas 10% in controls, whicwas 36%, while itwas 10% in controls, which were significantly different. The neutrophilactivity based on NBT test was 89.9+-11.6% in the case group and 93.7+-2.51%in the control group (p=0.025). This study indicates that neutrophil activityin thalassemia patients was significantly lower, compared to the normalcontrol group, especially in young patients. Based on the results, evaluationof neutrophil function and pyogenic infections in TM patients seemsnecessary. (author)

  5. Hepatocytes of donor origin in recipient liver after hematopoietic SCT in beta-thalassemia major patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzania, M; Ghavamzadeh, A; Yaghmaie, M; Sedighi, N; Kamalian, N; Alimoghaddam, K; Ghaffari, S H; Azimi, P; Chahardouli, B

    2010-04-01

    BM and circulating cells contain stem cells with the potential to differentiate into mature cells of various organs. We determined whether stem cells transformed into hepatocytes. Biopsy specimens from liver were obtained from 11 patients who had undergone transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells from peripheral blood (eight patients) or BM (three patients). Four female patients had received transplants from a male donor and seven male patients had received transplants from a female donor. All patients had beta-thalassemia major and fibrosis in biopsy specimens from the liver before hematopoietic SCT. Hematopoietic stem cell engraftment was verified by STR analysis. The biopsies were studied for the presence of donor-derived hepatocytes using FISH of interphase nuclei and immunohistochemical staining for CD45 (leukocyte common Ag), and a hepatocyte-specific Ag. All 11 recipients of sex-mismatched transplants showed evidence of complete hematopoietic donor chimerism. XY-positive hepatocytes accounted for 4-6.7% of cells in histological sections of the biopsy specimens of female patients and XX-positive hepatocytes accounted for 3-7% of cells in histological sections of the biopsy specimens of male patients. These cells were detected in liver tissue as early as 1 year and as late as 8.5 years after hematopoietic SCT. BM and circulating stem cells can differentiate into mature hepatocytes in beta-thalassemia major patients who had undergone hematopoietic SCT. PMID:19734948

  6. High Prevalence of Hypoparathyroidism in Patients with beta-Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Ali Hamidieh

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available "nIntroduction: Hypoparathyroidism (HPT is an irreversible but preventable disorder caused by an iron overload which can be considered a typical complication in patients with beta-thalassemia major. "nPatients and method: Parathyroid function was evaluated in 130 patients in Qom, Iran, who suffered from beta-thalassemia major. Their serum ferritin levels were checked for monitoring of chelation therapy effects. "nResults: The prevalence of HPT was 14.6% (19/130. The median age of patients with HPT was significantly higher than of patients without HPT (18 vs. 15 years; P=0.03. Serum ferritin levels was not significantly different between the two groups (median: 2709 vs. 1512; P=0.95. The prevalence of cardiac diastolic dysfunction in patients with HPT was significantly higher than in normal thalassemic patients (3.1% vs. 15.8%, P=0.04. Patients with hypoparathyroidism demonstrated abnormal glucose metabolism (0% vs. 15.8%; P=0.003. "nConclusion: the high prevalence of hypoparathyroidism demonstrated poor chelation therapy in these patients. Close monitoring of ferritin level was recommended. Also, the measurement of parathyroid hormone on a regular basis for all thalassemic patients was recommended.

  7. Frequency of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in multi - transfused beta thalassemia major patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the frequency of hepatitis B and C virus infection among children with beta thalassemia major registered at Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Children attending Thalassemia Centre Military Hospital Rawalpindi for regular blood transfusion were registered. They belonged to different ethnic groups and came from different parts of the country. Their demographic data was recorded, detailed history taken and physical examination was carried out. Their serum samples were tested for hepatitis B surface antigen and anti HCV antibody assay with third generation commercial ELISA method. During the study; 141 patients of beta thalassemia major were screened. Out of them 50 patients (35.5% ,95% confidence interval 27.8-43.5)w ere found hepatitis C virus antibody positive and 1 patient (0.7 %) hepatitis B surface antigen positive. One patient (0.7%) had both hepatitis B and C virus infection. Mean age of hepatitis C infected patients was 10.4+3.85y ears (range 2-16 years). Mean age of uninfected patients was 6.1 + 3.59 years. (p value 0.000) In addition, the results indicate that higher prevalence of anti-HCV was significantly associated with longer duration of transfusion (p value <0.003). In spite of the fact that screened blood is used for transfusions, still a large number of patients have been found infected with hepatitis C. Therefore more accurate techniques are required for screening of blood to prevent transfusion associated transmission. (author)ted transmission. (author)

  8. Zinc and Copper Status in Children with Beta-Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abolfazl Mahyar

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective:There are some reports in which a condition of zinc deficiency and its associated outcomes with a change in concentration of serum copper among the thalassemic patients has been highlighted. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the serum zinc and copper levels in children with beta-thalassemia major.Methods:In this cross sectional study all children under 12 years affected by beta thalassemia major (40 patients were evaluated for serum zinc and copper levels in Qazvin thalassemia center (Qazvin, Iran in 2007. Serum measurements for zinc and copper were performed by atomic absorption spectrophotometer.Findings:The mean concentrations of serum zinc and copper levels were 67.35?20.38 and 152.42?24.17 ?g/dl respectively. Twenty-six (65% of thalassemic patients had zinc concentration under 70 ?g/dl (hypozincemia. None of the thalassemic children had copper deficiency. No significant correlation between serum zinc level with age, weight, height, body mass index, duration of blood transfusion, desferrioxamine dose and ferritin level was observed in thalassemic patients (P=0.3.Conclusion:This study revealed that hypozincemia is common in thalassemic patients, but in contrast, there is no copper deficiency. Further evaluation in this regard is recommended.

  9. Zinc and Copper Status in Children with Beta-Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoshyar Mojabi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: There are some reports in which a condition of zinc deficiency and its associated outcomes with a change in concentration of serum copper among the thalassemic patients has been highlighted. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the serum zinc and copper levels in children with beta-thalassemia major.Methods: In this cross sectional study all children under 12 years affected by beta thalassemia major (40 patients were evaluated for serum zinc and copper levels in Qazvin thalassemia center (Qazvin, Iran in 2007. Serum measurements for zinc and copper were performed by atomic absorption spectrophotometer.Findings: The mean concentrations of serum zinc and copper levels were 67.35±20.38 and 152.42±24.17 ?g/dl respectively. Twenty-six (65% of thalassemic patients had zinc concentration under 70 µg/dl (hypozincemia. None of the thalassemic children had copper deficiency. No significant correlation between serum zinc level with age, weight, height, body mass index, duration of blood transfusion, desferrioxamine dose and ferritin level was observed in thalassemic patients (P=0.3.Conclusion: This study revealed that hypozincemia is common in thalassemic patients, but in contrast, there is no copper deficiency. Further evaluation in this regard is recommended.

  10. Assessment of Hypothyroidism in Children with Beta-Thalassemia Major in North Eastern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noori R

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstractBackground Hypothyroidism usually appears in the second decade of life and is thought to be associated with iron overload in patients with thalassemia major. This study aimed to evaluate thyroid dysfunctions in patients with beta-thalassemia major.Materials and MethodsThis research is a descriptive – cross sectional study, carried out in 2009 to assess thyroid function in 100 patients with beta thalassemia major at the ages between 2-18 years. The study was carried out retrospectively and 100 medical records from 400 samples of thalassemia major patients, under regular care of Sarvar Clinic, were assessed. Thyroid function and iron load status were evaluated by measuring the serum total triiodothyronine (T4, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH and ferritin levels from the serum of patients, admitted to the Sarvar Clinic. TSH and T4 concentrations were estimated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. Primary hypothyroidism was defined by a TSH level >4µIU/ml. Results were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods, with the help of SPSS software.ResultsSubclinical hypothyroidism was seen in 7% patients. All of them had normal T4 levels with elevated TSH levels, consistent with a diagnosis of subclinical hypothyroidism. Mean age of hypothyroid patients was 10.2 ± 2.5 years. Frequency of hypothyroidism was associated with increased serum ferritin levels (p=0.037.ConclusionSubclinical hypothyroidism occurs in a significant proportion of thalassaemia major patients in the absence of obvious clinical signs of hypothyroidism. Regular follow-up for early detection and timely treatment of such complications could improve the quality of life of these patients.

  11. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients with Beta-Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghavamzadeh A

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available From 1996 to 2002, fifty three patients with major beta-thalassemia received allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell trans¬plantation (PBSCT. Median age was 6 years .Twenty two were class I, 17 class II and 14 class III. All of the donors were HLA-identical. Conditioning regimen for class I and II patients consisted of Cyclophosphamide (CY 50 mg/kg/day for 4 days + Busulfan (Bu 3.5 mg/kg for 4 days, while class III patients received 4 mg/kg/day Busulfan for 4 days and 40mg/kg/day Cyclophosphomide for 4 days. G-CSF (Neopogen 5µ/kg IV was given to donors. Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD prophylaxis regimen consisted of Cyclosporin-A (CsA 3 mg/kg/day plus Methotrexate (MTX 10 mg/m2 on day+1 and 6 mg/m2 on days +3 and +6. The median time for neutrophil and platelet engraftment was day +16 and day +23 post transplantation, respectively. Chronic GVHD (cGVHD was observed in 30 patients (56%. Ten patients (18.8% died. Forty patients are well and transfusion independent. Median time of follow-up was 23 months. Recurrences have been seen at 3 pts, one patient 21 months, the other one 6 months and the last one 8 months after transplantation, who received Donor Lymphocyte infusion (DLI. Event free survival was 72% and overall survival was 80%. In conclusion, we suggest that PBSCT can be considered a safe and effective treatment for children with Beta-thalassemia major and cGVHD is tolerable and manageable in these patients.

  12. Combination of Hb Knossos [Cod 27 (G-T)] and IVSII-745 (C-G) in a Turkish patient with beta-thalassemia major.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keser, Ibrahim; Manguoglu, Esra; Kayisli, Ozlem; Yesilipek, Akif; Luleci, Guven

    2007-01-01

    Beta-thalassemia is the most common disease among hemoglobinopathies in Antalya, Turkey, as well as world-wide. Mutations found in Turkish beta-thalassemia patients constitute a heterogeneous group, consisting mostly of point mutations. Only in very rare cases did deletions or insertions cause affected or carrier phenotypes. Hb Knossos [beta 27 (B9) Ala-Ser] is a rare variant with a normal HbA2 level. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of compound heterozygosity for Hb Knossos [Cod 27 (G-T)] and IVSII-745 (C-G). To our knowledge, this is the first report of such a combination related with beta-thalassemia major phenotype in a Turkish family, where reverse dot blot hybridization (RDBH) and DNA sequencing analysis were used. Heterozygous inheritance of the mutation results in mild beta-thalassemia phenotype, whereas homozygous inheritance leads to intermediate beta-thalassemia. As a result, the compound heterozygosity of Hb Knossos with IVSII-745 appears as the cause of the beta-thalassemia major phenotype in our case. The combination of these mutations [Hb Knossos, Cod 27 (G-T), and IVSII-745, C-G] causes the beta-thalassemia major phenotype, and this is important for genetic counseling. PMID:17949282

  13. Beta-Thalassemia Major and Female Fertility: The Role of Iron and Iron-Induced Oxidative Stress

    OpenAIRE

    Paraskevi Roussou; Tsagarakis, Nikolaos J.; Dimitrios Kountouras; Sarantis Livadas; Evanthia Diamanti-Kandarakis

    2013-01-01

    Endocrine complications due to haemosiderosis are present in a significant number of patients with beta-thalassemia major (BTM) worldwide and often become barriers in their desire for parenthood. Thus, although spontaneous fertility can occur, the majority of females with BTM is infertile due to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) and need assisted reproductive techniques. Infertility in these women seems to be attributed to iron deposition and iron-induced oxidative stress (OS) in various end...

  14. Prospects and future of conservative management of beta thalassemia major in a developing country

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To assess the efficacy, prospects and future of conservative management of beta thalassemia major patients in a developing country. Design: Patients registered at IHBTS were studied over a period of three years. They consented to being managed on moderate transfusion regimen, aiming to maintain a pre-transfusion haemoglobin(Hgb) level of 9.0 plus minus 1.0 g per dL. We studied their transfusion requirements, status for transfusion transmitted infections (TTls), serum ferritin levels and complications developing as a result of iron overload. Subjects: Initially all registered patients were included in this study. Sporadic patients as well as dropouts occurring due to any reason, (patients concurrently seeking treatment at other centres as well, or complying poorly to advised chelation therapy) were excluded from the study. The data presented here conforms to a cohort of 60 regular patients who adhered best to our selection criteria. Main Outcome Measures: 1) The study highlights the deficiencies and problems of conservative management for beta thalassemia major. 2) The major impact of our study is the message that conservative management in a poor country, like ours, is a no-win situation. 3) There is an urgent need to immediately start a prevention programme. Results: In the younger patients, blood consumption even on the moderate transfusion regimen is 120ml/kg/year, however with ascending age the consumption increases to 240ml/kg/year. A substantive numbeases to 240ml/kg/year. A substantive number of the patients are either Hep C (35%) or Hep B (1.7%) positive. There are no HIV positive patients. Serum ferritin levels vary widely and could not be controlled due to poor compliance to chelation. 50% of the patients developed one or other complications of iron overload. The cost of treatment depending on the quality of care, is tremendous and beyond the reach of the common man. Conclusions: Conservative management may be the best alternative and at times the only hope for patients in our country. However, in order to decrease the disease load, steps need to be taken to introduce preventive measures. (author)

  15. Frequency of Sensory Neural Hearing Loss in Major Beta-Thalassemias in Southern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed-Taghi Heydari

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective:The thalassemias are among the most common genetic disorders worldwide, occurring more frequently in the Mediterranean region. The aim of this study was to determined frequency of sensory-neural hearing loss in major ß- thalassemias transfusion dependent patients in south of Iran. Methods:A cross sectional study on 308 cases of major beta-thalassemia patients referring to Thalassemia Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences between 2006-2007 years. The diagnosis of ß- thalassemia major was based on clinical history, complete blood count and hemoglobine electrophoresis. Clinical data such as serum ferritin level, deferoxamine (DFO dose, mean daily doses of DFO (mg/kg and audiometric variables was recorded. Findings:Out of 308 cases, 283 (96.5% had normal hearing and 10 (3.5% sensorineural hearing loss. There was no statically significant difference between two groups regarding mean age, weight, age at the first blood transfusion, age at the first DFO infusion. Conclusion:We found the lowest incidence of sensorineural hearing loss in a large population of patients suffered from major thalassemia who received DFO. We show that DFO is not ototoxic at a low dose. When considering all related literature, as a whole there has been much critical misrepresentation about DFO ototoxicity.

  16. Frequency of Sensory Neural Hearing Loss in Major Beta-Thalassemias in Southern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abolhassan Faramarzi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective:The thalassemias are among the most common genetic disorders worldwide, occurring more frequently in the Mediterranean region. The aim of this study was to determined frequency of sensory-neural hearing loss in major ß- thalassemias transfusion dependent patients in south of Iran.Methods:A cross sectional study on 308 cases of major beta-thalassemia patients referring to Thalassemia Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences between 2006-2007 years. The diagnosis of ß- thalassemia major was based on clinical history, complete blood count and hemoglobine electrophoresis. Clinical data such as serum ferritin level, deferoxamine (DFO dose, mean daily doses of DFO (mg/kg and audiometric variables was recorded.Findings:Out of 308 cases, 283 (96.5% had normal hearing and 10 (3.5% sensorineural hearing loss. There was no statically significant difference between two groups regarding mean age, weight, age at the first blood transfusion, age at the first DFO infusion.Conclusion:We found the lowest incidence of sensorineural hearing loss in a large population of patients suffered from major thalassemia who received DFO. We show that DFO is not ototoxic at a low dose. When considering all related literature, as a whole there has been much critical misrepresentation about DFO ototoxicity.

  17. Frequency of Sensory Neural Hearing Loss in Major Beta-Thalassemias in Southern Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faramarzi, Abolhassan; Karimi, Mehran; Heydari, Seyed-Taghi; Shishegar, Mahmoud; Kaviani, Masoud

    2010-01-01

    Objective The thalassemias are among the most common genetic disorders worldwide, occurring more frequently in the Mediterranean region. The aim of this study was to determined frequency of sensory-neural hearing loss in major ß- thalassemias transfusion dependent patients in south of Iran. Methods A cross sectional study on 308 cases of major beta-thalassemia patients referring to Thalassemia Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences between 2006–2007 years. The diagnosis of ß- thalassemia major was based on clinical history, complete blood count and hemoglobine electrophoresis. Clinical data such as serum ferritin level, deferoxamine (DFO) dose, mean daily doses of DFO (mg/kg) and audiometric variables was recorded. Findings Out of 308 cases, 283 (96.5%) had normal hearing and 10 (3.5%) sensorineural hearing loss. There was no statically significant difference between two groups regarding mean age, weight, age at the first blood transfusion, age at the first DFO infusion. Conclusion We found the lowest incidence of sensorineural hearing loss in a large population of patients suffered from major thalassemia who received DFO. We show that DFO is not ototoxic at a low dose. When considering all related literature, as a whole there has been much critical misrepresentation about DFO ototoxicity. PMID:23056722

  18. Renal functions in pediatric patients with beta-thalassemia major: relation to chelation therapy: original prospective study

    OpenAIRE

    ElMelegy Nagla T; Hamed Enas A

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background In ?-thalassemia, profound anemia and severe hemosiderosis cause functional and physiological abnormalities in various organ systems. In recent years, there have been few published studies mainly in adult demonstrating renal involvement in ?-thalassemia. This prospective study was aimed to investigate renal involvement in pediatric patients with transfusion dependant beta-thalassemia major (TD-?TM), using both conventional and early markers of glomerular and tubular dys...

  19. Evaluation of Mental Health and Related Factors Among Patients with Beta-Thalassemia Major in South East of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morteza Ashrafi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Beta-thalassemia major (?-TM is a chronic, genetic and hematological disorder. Children and teenagers with chronic physical illnesses exemplified by thalassemia are vulnerable to emotional and behavioral problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate mental health and its related factors among young patients with beta-thalassemia major. Methods: In this cross-sectional observational descriptive-analytic study, we studied 164 patients suffering from Beta-thalassemia major with age range of 15-24 years who referred for treatment to Ali Ebn-e Abitaleb (AS University Hospital in Zahedan, a city in South East of Iran, during 2009- 2010. The demographic data and pattern of mental health were collected by standard general health questionnaire (GHQ-28.Data was analyzed using statistical software SPSS (version 17.0; Student t test and Chi-square (?2 were used. Results: In this study, 96 (58.5% patients were male; the mean age of all patients was 18.78 ±2.28. Based on data analysis, 83 patients (50.8% suspected to have psychiatric disorders (58.8% of girls, 44.8% of boys. In addition, frequency of somatic symptoms, depression disorder, anxiety disorder and social dysfunction in all patients were 7.3%, 11.6%, 8.5% and 4.3% respectively. In illiterate patients, 70.4% suspected to have psychiatric disorder. Except for somatic disorder, other mental disorders were more frequent in girls. No significant association was found between mental state and gender, marital and literacy status and occupation. Conclusion : In this study, due to high prevalence of psychological disorders in young patients with Beta-thalassemia major, especially in girls, we suggest implementing further educational psychological programs to decrease the frequency of disorders. Moreover, conducting more quantitative and comprehensive researches is suggested to evaluate specific effective factors in psycho-social health.

  20. Correlation of oxidative stress with serum trace element levels and antioxidant enzyme status in Beta thalassemia major patients: a review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shazia, Q; Mohammad, Z H; Rahman, Taibur; Shekhar, Hossain Uddin

    2012-01-01

    Beta thalassemia major is an inherited disease resulting from reduction or total lack of beta globin chains. Patients with this disease need repeated blood transfusion for survival. This may cause oxidative stress and tissue injury due to iron overload, altered antioxidant enzymes, and other essential trace element levels. The aim of this review is to scrutinize the relationship between oxidative stress and serum trace elements, degree of damage caused by oxidative stress, and the role of antioxidant enzymes in beta thalassemia major patients. The findings indicate that oxidative stress in patients with beta thalassemia major is mainly caused by tissue injury due to over production of free radical by secondary iron overload, alteration in serum trace elements and antioxidant enzymes level. The role of trace elements like selenium, copper, iron, and zinc in beta thalassemia major patients reveals a significant change of these trace elements. Studies published on the status of antioxidant enzymes like catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione, and glutathione S-transferase in beta thalassemia patients also showed variable results. The administration of selective antioxidants along with essential trace elements and minerals to reduce the extent of oxidative damage and related complications in beta thalassemia major still need further evaluation. PMID:22645668

  1. Hepatic iron overload and fibrosis in patients with beta thalassemia major after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghavamzadeh, Ardeshir; Mirzania, Mehrzad; Kamalian, Naser; Sedighi, Nahid; Azimi, Parisima

    2015-04-01

    Currently, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only curative option for patients with beta-thalassemia major, but liver iron overload in these patients will not decrease and hepatic fibrosis may still progress despite successful HSCT. Liver biopsy samples were taken from 14 patients (Out of 25 patients) who underwent HSCT. All patients met three criteria: negative HCV antibody, liver fibrosis in samples before HSCT and lack of regular treatment for iron overload after HSCT (Because patients did not consent to phlebotomy or they had not regular follow-up). We evaluated liver fibrosis and liver iron overload by a semi quantitative method, Perls' Prussian blue staining, before and after HSCT. HSCT was successful in all the patients. Liver iron overload did not change after transplant (P=0.61), but hepatic fibrosis progressed after transplant (P=0.01). In patients with beta thalassemia major who previously had some degree of liver fibrosis, HSCT alone cannot reduce liver iron overload and liver fibrosis will increase. We recommend that regardless of the amount of iron overload in patients with beta thalassemia major that have shown some degree of fibrosis in their liver biopsy before transplantation, appropriate steps should be taken to reduce iron overload as soon as possible after successful transplantation. PMID:25922644

  2. Efficacy of Chicory in Decreasing Serum Ferritin and Liver Enzymes in Major Beta Thalassemia Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahvazian N

    Full Text Available AbstractObjectiveThalassemia major is a severe transfusion-dependent anemia that needs iron chalation therapy to remove iron overload. The objectives of the present study were to assess the iron overload liver response to inulin of chicory supplementation by evaluating the serum ferritin and liver enzymes.MethodsAmong 70 beta thalassemia patients, 50 were selected for chelating therapy using inulin of chicory. The initial dose was 1gr given twice a day. Twenty patients were excluded because of Hepatitis B and C and cardiac heart failure.ResultsFrom 50 patients, 47 patients tolerated chicory, which the majority showed dramatic responses. Mean serum ferritin level decreased from 3563.09 ng/ml to 1728.54 ng/ml. Mean serum AST level decreased from 25.44 u/lit to 22.25 u/lit. Mean serum ALT level decreased from 30 .861u/lit to 25.085u/iit. Serum ferritin level decreased significantly after treatment (PV? 0.00, but there was no significant difference in AST (PV=0.379 and Alt (0.367 after chicory treatment.ConclusionThe present results suggest that chicory can reduce iron over load and liver enzymes. Significant differences in serum ferritin were found during intervention, but not in LFT enzymes.

  3. [Long-term effects of combined therapy in patients with beta-thalassemia major].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagnulo, S; Giannini, A M; Moscatelli, F; Stragapede, L; Acquafredda, A; Dammacco, A

    1998-01-01

    We evaluated therapy complications in 19 beta-thalassemia major patients (mean age from 3 years/5 months and 1 years/6 months) who were followed at II Pediatric Department-University of Bari. 3 out of 19 patients underwent allogenic BMT from matched related donor; 2 out of 19 underwent splenectomy. All of them were receiving hypertransfusion therapy and continuous chelation with DFO. In all patients we performed physical examination, laboratory assays, cardiac and endocrinologic function tests, serum HBV-HCV-HIV antibodies, otoscopy and audiometric test, fundus oculi, skeletal x-ray. 1 out of 19 patients, who was under 15, had a slight dilatation of left ventricle and arythmia. All patients were HBsAb positive. 4/19 patients were HCV Ab positive (ELISA test) with an increase in ALT-AST serum levels since at least 6 months. In 3 of them we assessed RIBA test, always positive. 3 of them underwent liver biopsy (1 iron overload 2 chronic active hepatitis). All patients were HIV Ab negative. 4/15 patients revealed low GH levels after Arginina test. 13 pre-pubescent patients had normal results with GNRH test but lower results after FSH test. 1 pubescent patient had gonadotropic hypophyseal deficit. 4 patients had subclinic hypothiroidism. We couldn't find any sequelas in bone-eyes-ears. Hypertransfusion therapy, chelation, profilaxis of infections improved length and quality of life in thalassemic patients. Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism remains a serious sequela and we think it needs to be treated. PMID:9658419

  4. Beta-thalassemia

    OpenAIRE

    Origa Raffaella; Galanello Renzo

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Beta-thalassemias are a group of hereditary blood disorders characterized by anomalies in the synthesis of the beta chains of hemoglobin resulting in variable phenotypes ranging from severe anemia to clinically asymptomatic individuals. The total annual incidence of symptomatic individuals is estimated at 1 in 100,000 throughout the world and 1 in 10,000 people in the European Union. Three main forms have been described: thalassemia major, thalassemia intermedia and thalassemia minor...

  5. A Study of Leptin Serum Concentrations in Patients with Major Beta-Thalassemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahramian I MD

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractBackground The aim of this study was to evaluate leptin serum levels in patients with major beta thalassemia which was also associated with their ferritin serum levels. Materials and MethodsThis case-control study was performed on 90 children -6 months to 16 years old, in Zabol, Amir- al- Momenin Hospital. Patients were divided in two groups and were matched in age and sex. All Children were examined and those eligible children who had not known heart disease, iron deficiency anemia, kidney disease, diabetes, fever and systemic diseases were enrolled after taking the informed consent of their parents. After collecting the samples, leptin and ferritin levels of the serum were measured in two groups by ELISA method. Then, the data was analyzed by the related statistical tests and SPSS 20 software.ResultsThe mean of the serum levels of leptin and ferritin showed a significant difference in the case and control groups (P-value<0.05. An inverse statistical correlation was found for the serum levels of leptin and ferritin among the studied groups (P-value<0.05. Levels of leptin in the case group showed a significant gender difference (P-value<0.05, while based on BMI and age, no significant difference was observed for the serum levels of leptin in the case group.ConclusionBased on the results of this study, major thalassemia reduces serum levels of leptin regardless of age and body mass. The study also found an inverse statistical correlation between serum levels of leptin and ferritin among the studied people.

  6. Side effects of Deferasirox Iron Chelation in Patients with Beta Thalassemia Major or Intermedia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murtadha Al-Khabori

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Chelating agents remain the mainstay in reducing the iron burden and extending patient survival in homozygous beta-thalassemia but adverse and toxic effects may increase with the institution and long term use of this essential therapy. This study aimed to estimate the incidence of deferasirox (DFX side effects in patients with thalassemia major or intermedia.Methods: A retrospective study of 72 patients (mean age: 20.3±0.9 yrs; 36 male, 36 female with thalassemia major or intermedia treated at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman, was performed to assess the incidence of side effects related to deferasirox over a mean of 16.7 month follow-up period.Results: Six patients experienced rashes and 6 had gastro-intestinal upset. DFX was discontinued in 18 patients for the following reasons: persistent progressive rise(s in serum creatinine (7 patients; 40% mean serum creatinine rise from baseline, feeling unwell (2, severe diarrhea (1, pregnancy (1, death unrelated to chelator (2 and rise in serum transaminases (2. Three patients were reverted to desferoxamine and deferiprone combination therapy as DFX was no longer biochemically effective after 18 months of therapy. There was no correlation between baseline serum ferritin and serum creatinine or a rise in serum creatinine. Cardiac MRI T2* did not change with DFX therapy. However, there was an improvement in liver MRI T2* (p=0.013.Conclusion: Renal side effects related to deferasirox appear to be higher than those reported in published clinical trials. Further larger studies are required to confirm these findings.

  7. The Prevalence of Adrenal, Parathyroid and Cardiac Dysfunction in Patients with Beta Thalassemia Major

    OpenAIRE

    Mahdi, Najat E.; Garadah, Taysir S.; Zuheir Hassan; Jaradat, Ahmed A.; Nagalla, Das S.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Adrenal and parathyroid insufficiency are uncommon in patients with transfusion dependent Beta Thalassemia (?-TM). Further, myocardial echocardiographic abnormalities are recognized but with a variable outcomes Aim: The aim is to determine the prevalence of adrenal and parathyroid insufficiency in patient with transfusion dependent ?-TM. And to assess left ventricle systolic and diastolic function using Pulsed Doppler (PD) and Tissue Doppler (DT) echocardiogram. Methods:The stud...

  8. Glycoprotein B genotyping of human cytomegalovirus strains isolated from Brazilian patients with sickle cell disease and beta-thalassemia major.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavov, Svetoslav N; Kashima, Simone; Wagatsuma, Virginia M D; Silva-Pinto, Ana Cristina; Martinez, Edson Z; Favarin, Maria do Carmo; Covas, Dimas T

    2015-03-01

    The role of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in individuals with hemoglobinopathies is unclear. Our objective was to examine the molecular and genotypic characteristics of HCMV in patients with sickle cell disease, beta-thalassemia major, and volunteer blood donors by viral load quantitation, glycoprotein B (gB) genotyping, and phylogenetic analysis. The patients with sickle cell disease demonstrated the highest HCMV DNA prevalence (13.8%), followed by the patients with beta-thalassemia major (7.6%), and the blood donors (3%). The infection was characterized by a low mean viral load (3.8×10(3) copies/mL), but infections with higher copy numbers were also observed. Genotype gB2 was detected in the majority of cases (90.9%), followed by genotype gB1 (9.1%). No gB3/gB4 genotype was detected. No statistical significance was observed between HCMV DNAemia/gB genotype and hematological alterations or severity of the disease. The high number of sickle cell disease patients with HCMV DNAemia could be due to their partial immune dysfunction (multiple transfusions, spleen dysfunction, hydroxyurea treatment). The extensive HCMV gB2 prevalence in patients with hemoglobinopathies is probably due to HCMV epidemiologic characteristics in the examined region, and can be important during the clinical management of these patients. PMID:25420197

  9. The Prevalence of Adrenal, Parathyroid and Cardiac Dysfunction in Patients with Beta Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Najat E. Mahdi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adrenal and parathyroid insufficiency are uncommon in patients with transfusion dependent Beta Thalassemia (?-TM. Further, myocardial echocardiographic abnormalities are recognized but with a variable outcomes Aim: The aim is to determine the prevalence of adrenal and parathyroid insufficiency in patient with transfusion dependent ?-TM. And to assess left ventricle systolic and diastolic function using Pulsed Doppler (PD and Tissue Doppler (DT echocardiogram. Methods:The study was conducted on patients with ?-TM (n = 99, age 15.92 ± 8.92 years and compared with an age-matched controls (n = 98 age 15.79 ± 8.94 years. In all participants echocardiographic indices of M mode and PD and TD were performed. Blood samples were withdrawn for measuring the serum cortisol, parathyroid and Ferritin. Correlation between the level of cortisol and ferritin level was evaluated. Results: Patients with ?-TM compared with controls, had significantly thicker LV septal wall index of 0.65 ± 0.26 vs 0.44 ± 0.2190, p 0.001 and LV posterior wall of 0.65 ± 0.235 vs 0.43 ± 0.214, p   ± 5.5 vs 5.0  ± 5.6, p = 0.23. Furthermore patients with ?-TM had higher E/A ratio (1.54 ± 0.18 vs 1.23 ± 0.17, p 0.01 and shorter deceleration time (DT (170.53 ± 13.3 vs 210.50 ± 19.20 m sec, p 0.01. The ratio of transmitral E wave velocity to the tissue Doppler E wave at the basal septal mitral annulus (E/Em was significantly higher in ?-TM group (19.68 ± 2.81 vs 13.86 ± 1.41, p 0.05. The tissue Doppler systolic wave (Sm velocity and the early diastolic wave (Em were significantly lower in ?-TM group compared with controls with Sm, of 4.82 ± 1.2 vs 6.22 ± 2.1 cm/sec, p 0.05 and (Em of 3.51 ± 2.7 vs 4.12 ± 2.5 cm/sec p 0.05, respectively. The tricuspid valve velocity was significantly higher in ?-TM patients compared with controls (2.85 ± 0.56 vs 1.743 ± 0.47 m/sec, respectively, p 0.01. The prevalence of adrenal insufficiency in patients with ?-TM was 16%, hypoparathyroidism of 4.5% weak negative correlation between serum level of cortisol and the serum Ferritin. Conclusion: Patients with ?-thalassemia major had a high prevalence of subclinical adrenal insufficiency of 16%, hypoparathyroidism of 4.5% with weak negative correlation between the low level of cortisol ?160 nmol/L and high serum ferritin. Echocardiographic Pulsed Doppler showed a restrictive LV diastolic pattern suggestive of advanced diastolic dysfunction but preserved left ventricle systolic function.

  10. Beta Thalassemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... beta globin in the hemoglobin causes a moderately severe anemia and significant health problems including bone deformities and enlargement of the spleen. Due to the wide range in severity of this condition, the borderline between thalassemia intermedia and thalassemia major can be ...

  11. Prevalence and Intensity of Depression in Mothers of Children with Beta-Thalassemia Major In Talghani Hospital of Gorgan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nargesbeygom Mirbehbahani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Thalassemia is a chronic disease that it leads to psychological and social problems for parents. Mothers are at markedly increased risk of suffering from psychological distress and depression because they usually take on a considerable part of extra care that their children need.This study was designed to determine prevalence and intensity of depression in mothers with a thalassemic child. Material and Methods: In this cross – sectional study, 65 mothers of children with thalassemia major (case group and 65 mothers of children without thalassemia major (control group were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI. Data were analyzed by using SPSS (v 16.0 for windows. Results: Prevalence of depression was significantly higher in case group than that in control group (84.6%vs. 56.9%, p <0.05. Moderate depression had a highest prevalence in the both groups (33.4% in case group and 30.8% in control group. Prevalence of severe depression in case group was markedly higher than that in control group (29.2% vs. 3.1% p<0.05. There was a significant difference between intensity of depression in mothers of case group that had another child with beta-thalassemia major (p<0.05. Conclusion: Mothers of children with thalassemia major are vulnerable to depression. They need psychosocial support to promote their health.

  12. Correlation of Oxidative Stress with Serum Trace Element Levels and Antioxidant Enzyme Status in Beta Thalassemia Major Patients: A Review of the Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Shazia, Q.; Mohammad, Z. H.; Taibur Rahman; Hossain Uddin Shekhar

    2012-01-01

    Beta thalassemia major is an inherited disease resulting from reduction or total lack of beta globin chains. Patients with this disease need repeated blood transfusion for survival. This may cause oxidative stress and tissue injury due to iron overload, altered antioxidant enzymes, and other essential trace element levels. The aim of this review is to scrutinize the relationship between oxidative stress and serum trace elements, degree of damage caused by oxidative stress, and the role of ant...

  13. Phase II clinical evaluation of deferasirox, a once-daily oral chelating agent, in pediatric patients with beta-thalassemia major

    OpenAIRE

    PIGA, Antonio Giulio

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Deferasirox (ICL670) is a novel once-daily oral iron chelator developed for the treatment of chronic iron overload from blood transfusions. This study evaluated the safety and tolerability of deferasirox in pediatric patients with transfusion-dependent beta-thalassemia major. Efficacy and pharmacokinetic assessments were secondary objectives. DESIGN AND METHODS: Forty patients equally stratified into two age groups--children (2 to

  14. Beta-thalassemia major and female fertility: the role of iron and iron-induced oxidative stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roussou, Paraskevi; Tsagarakis, Nikolaos J; Kountouras, Dimitrios; Livadas, Sarantis; Diamanti-Kandarakis, Evanthia

    2013-01-01

    Endocrine complications due to haemosiderosis are present in a significant number of patients with beta-thalassemia major (BTM) worldwide and often become barriers in their desire for parenthood. Thus, although spontaneous fertility can occur, the majority of females with BTM is infertile due to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) and need assisted reproductive techniques. Infertility in these women seems to be attributed to iron deposition and iron-induced oxidative stress (OS) in various endocrine organs, such as hypothalamus, pituitary, and female reproductive system, but also through the iron effect on other organs, such as liver and pancreas, contributing to the impaired metabolism of hormones and serum antioxidants. Nevertheless, the gonadal function of these patients is usually intact and fertility is usually retrievable. Meanwhile, a significant prooxidants/antioxidants imbalance with subsequent increased (OS) exists in patients with BTM, which is mainly caused by tissue injury due to overproduction of free radicals by secondary iron overload, but also due to alteration in serum trace elements and antioxidant enzymes. Not only using the appropriate antioxidants, essential trace elements, and minerals, but also regulating the advanced glycation end products, could probably reduce the extent of oxidative damage and related complications and retrieve BTM women's infertility. PMID:24396593

  15. French multicenter 22-year experience in stem cell transplantation for beta-thalassemia major: lessons and future directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galambrun, Claire; Pondarré, Corinne; Bertrand, Yves; Loundou, Anderson; Bordigoni, Pierre; Frange, Pierre; Lutz, Patrick; Mialou, Valérie; Rubie, Hervé; Socié, Gérard; Schneider, Pascale; Bernaudin, Françoise; Paillard, Catherine; Michel, Gérard; Badens, Catherine; Thuret, Isabelle

    2013-01-01

    Although hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers curative potential for beta-thalassemia major (beta-TM), it is associated with a variable but significant incidence of graft rejection. We studied the French national experience for improvement over time and the potential benefit of antithymocyte globulin (ATG). Between December 1985 and December 2007, 108 patients with beta-TM underwent HSCT in 21 different French transplantation centers. The majority of patients received a matched sibling transplant (n = 96) and a busulfan- and cyclophosphamide-based conditioning regimen (n = 95), also with ATG in 57 cases. Ninety-five of the 108 patients survived, with a median follow-up of 12 years. Probabilities of 15-year survival and thalassemia-free survival after first HSCT were 86.8% and 69.4%, respectively. Graft failure occurred in 24 patients, 11 of whom underwent a second HSCT. The use of ATG was associated with a decrease in rejection rate from 35% to 10%. Thalassemia-free survival improved significantly with time, reaching 83% in the 54 patients undergoing HSCT after 1994 (median time of HSCT). In view of the increased risk of graft rejection after matched sibling HSCT, current French national guidelines recommend, for all children at risk for beta-TM, the systematic addition of ATG to the myeloablative conditioning regimen and special attention to optimize transfusion and chelation therapy in the pretransplantation period. PMID:22892550

  16. Beta-thalassemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Origa Raffaella

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Beta-thalassemias are a group of hereditary blood disorders characterized by anomalies in the synthesis of the beta chains of hemoglobin resulting in variable phenotypes ranging from severe anemia to clinically asymptomatic individuals. The total annual incidence of symptomatic individuals is estimated at 1 in 100,000 throughout the world and 1 in 10,000 people in the European Union. Three main forms have been described: thalassemia major, thalassemia intermedia and thalassemia minor. Individuals with thalassemia major usually present within the first two years of life with severe anemia, requiring regular red blood cell (RBC transfusions. Findings in untreated or poorly transfused individuals with thalassemia major, as seen in some developing countries, are growth retardation, pallor, jaundice, poor musculature, hepatosplenomegaly, leg ulcers, development of masses from extramedullary hematopoiesis, and skeletal changes that result from expansion of the bone marrow. Regular transfusion therapy leads to iron overload-related complications including endocrine complication (growth retardation, failure of sexual maturation, diabetes mellitus, and insufficiency of the parathyroid, thyroid, pituitary, and less commonly, adrenal glands, dilated myocardiopathy, liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. Patients with thalassemia intermedia present later in life with moderate anemia and do not require regular transfusions. Main clinical features in these patients are hypertrophy of erythroid marrow with medullary and extramedullary hematopoiesis and its complications (osteoporosis, masses of erythropoietic tissue that primarily affect the spleen, liver, lymph nodes, chest and spine, and bone deformities and typical facial changes, gallstones, painful leg ulcers and increased predisposition to thrombosis. Thalassemia minor is clinically asymptomatic but some subjects may have moderate anemia. Beta-thalassemias are caused by point mutations or, more rarely, deletions in the beta globin gene on chromosome 11, leading to reduced (beta+ or absent (beta0 synthesis of the beta chains of hemoglobin (Hb. Transmission is autosomal recessive; however, dominant mutations have also been reported. Diagnosis of thalassemia is based on hematologic and molecular genetic testing. Differential diagnosis is usually straightforward but may include genetic sideroblastic anemias, congenital dyserythropoietic anemias, and other conditions with high levels of HbF (such as juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia and aplastic anemia. Genetic counseling is recommended and prenatal diagnosis may be offered. Treatment of thalassemia major includes regular RBC transfusions, iron chelation and management of secondary complications of iron overload. In some circumstances, spleen removal may be required. Bone marrow transplantation remains the only definitive cure currently available. Individuals with thalassemia intermedia may require splenectomy, folic acid supplementation, treatment of extramedullary erythropoietic masses and leg ulcers, prevention and therapy of thromboembolic events. Prognosis for individuals with beta-thalassemia has improved substantially in the last 20 years following recent medical advances in transfusion, iron chelation and bone marrow transplantation therapy. However, cardiac disease remains the main cause of death in patients with iron overload.

  17. Absence of JAK2V617F mutation in patients with beta-thalassemia major and thrombocytosis due to splenectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlachaki, E; Kalogeridis, A; Neokleous, N; Perifanis, V; Klonizakis, F; Ioannidou, E; Klonizakis, I

    2012-05-01

    The report of Janus Kinase 2 (JAK2) mutations in myeloid malignancies with high frequency in myeloproliferative neoplasms has been well known since 2005. By monitoring allele burden, it is found that the expression of JAK2V617F mutation is increasing significantly from essential thrombocytosis to polycythemia vera. Furthermore, JAK2 abnormalities are reported in the majority of unexplained thrombotic episodes. Thalassemic syndromes are characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis and thrombocytosis, mainly due to splenectomy. The high incidence of thromboembolic events has led to the identification of a prothrombotic state in these patients. The contribution of JAK2 mutations to the hypercoagulable state of thalassemic patients is still unknown. Furthermore, the potential role of Janus Kinase mutations in hepcidin expression and consequently in ineffective erythropoiesis is still under investigation. This study was scheduled to determine whether the presence of JAK2V617F mutation in thalassemic patients is associated with thrombocytosis. We studied 20 patients DNA with beta-thalassemia for JAK2V617F mutation by using RG-PCR method. None of the patients were positive for this particular mutation. More studies are needed to prove the role of JAK2 in ineffective erythropoiesis, iron metabolism and thrombocytosis and to determine if using JAK2 inhibitors in thalassemic patients can be a potential therapeutic option. PMID:22203487

  18. Bone marrow changes in beta-thalassemia major: quantitative MR imaging findings and correlation with iron stores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to describe the MR imaging features of bone marrow in beta-thalassemia major and investigate their relation to ferritin, liver and spleen siderosis. Spinal bone marrow was prospectively assessed on abdominal MR studies of 40 transfused beta-thalassemic patients and 15 controls using T1-w, Pd, T2*-w Gradient Echo (GRE) and T1-w turbo Spin Echo (TSE) sequences. Signal intensity (SI) ratios of liver, spleen and bone marrow to paraspinous muscles (L/M, S/M, B/M respectively) and the respective T2 relaxation rates (1/T2) were calculated. Serum ferritin levels were recorded. Bone marrow hypointensity in at least T2*-w GRE sequence was noted in 29/40 (72.5%) patients. Eleven/40 patients exhibited normal B/M on all MR sequences. Five/40 patients had normal B/M and low L/M. B/M correlated with L/M in T1-w TSE sequence only (r = 0.471, p = 0.05). B/M correlated with S/M and mean ferritin values in all sequences (r > 0.489, p - 0.496, p < 0.03 respectively). Marrow 1/T2 did not correlate with ferritin values or liver and spleen 1/T2. B/M in transfused beta-thalassemic patients is related to splenic siderosis and ferritin levels. Although marrow is usually hypointense, it may occasionally display normal SI coexisting with liver hypointensity, a pattern typical of primary hemochromatosis. (orig.)

  19. Bone marrow changes in beta-thalassemia major: quantitative MR imaging findings and correlation with iron stores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drakonaki, Eleni E.; Karantanas, Apostolos H. [University Hospital of Heraklion, Radiology Department, Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Maris, Thomas G. [University of Crete, Department of Medical Physics, Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Papadakis, Alex [Venizelion General Hospital, Heraklion, Crete (Greece)

    2007-08-15

    The purpose of this study is to describe the MR imaging features of bone marrow in beta-thalassemia major and investigate their relation to ferritin, liver and spleen siderosis. Spinal bone marrow was prospectively assessed on abdominal MR studies of 40 transfused beta-thalassemic patients and 15 controls using T1-w, Pd, T2*-w Gradient Echo (GRE) and T1-w turbo Spin Echo (TSE) sequences. Signal intensity (SI) ratios of liver, spleen and bone marrow to paraspinous muscles (L/M, S/M, B/M respectively) and the respective T2 relaxation rates (1/T2) were calculated. Serum ferritin levels were recorded. Bone marrow hypointensity in at least T2*-w GRE sequence was noted in 29/40 (72.5%) patients. Eleven/40 patients exhibited normal B/M on all MR sequences. Five/40 patients had normal B/M and low L/M. B/M correlated with L/M in T1-w TSE sequence only (r = 0.471, p = 0.05). B/M correlated with S/M and mean ferritin values in all sequences (r > 0.489, p < 0.01 and r > - 0.496, p < 0.03 respectively). Marrow 1/T2 did not correlate with ferritin values or liver and spleen 1/T2. B/M in transfused beta-thalassemic patients is related to splenic siderosis and ferritin levels. Although marrow is usually hypointense, it may occasionally display normal SI coexisting with liver hypointensity, a pattern typical of primary hemochromatosis. (orig.)

  20. Correlation of Echocardiography and MRI T2* in Beta- Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Barzan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:Transfusional therapy can lead to iron deposition and damage to the heart, liver and endocrine organs in thalassemia major patients. Cardiomyopathy is one of the major complications of ?-thalassemic patients, resulting from iron overload. It is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in these patients. It has been shown that there is no correlation between serum ferritin and liver and heart iron deposition. Endocardial biopsy for iron deposition is the most accurate test in this regard, which is invasive. Iron shortens MRI parameters T1, T2 and T2* in the involved organs, which creates a potential mechanism for iron quantification. MRI T2* has especially been shown to have an inverse correlation with iron overload in the myocardium. Values less than 20 ms show significant iron deposition. Recently echocardiographic measures have been introduced to estimate the iron status of the myocardium. As diastolic dysfunction may precede systolic dysfunction, echocardiographic indices of diastolic function may be compared with myocardial MRI T2*."nMaterials and Methods: In this study, 35 major thalassemic patients from thalassemia research center at Bou Ali Sina hospital, Sari were enrolled. They have been under transfusion for a mean time of 15 years. Informed consent was filled and echocardiography and MRI T2* has been performed for all patients. The result for each test and the correlation of both procedures are shown in correlation with cardiac performance.

  1. Renal functions in pediatric patients with beta-thalassemia major: relation to chelation therapy: original prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ElMelegy Nagla T

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In ?-thalassemia, profound anemia and severe hemosiderosis cause functional and physiological abnormalities in various organ systems. In recent years, there have been few published studies mainly in adult demonstrating renal involvement in ?-thalassemia. This prospective study was aimed to investigate renal involvement in pediatric patients with transfusion dependant beta-thalassemia major (TD-?TM, using both conventional and early markers of glomerular and tubular dysfunctions, and to correlate findings to oxidative stress and iron chelation therapy. Methods Sixty-nine TD-?TM patients (aged 1-16 years and 15 healthy controls (aged 3-14 years were enrolled in this study. Based on receiving chelation therapy (deferoxamine, DFO, patients were divided into two groups: group [I] with chelation (n = 34 and group [II] without chelation (n = 35. Levels of creatinine (Cr, calcium (Ca, inorganic phosphorus (PO4, uric acid (UA and albumin were measured by spectrophotometer. Serum (S levels of cystatin-C (SCysC and total antioxidant capacity (STAC and urinary (U levels of ?2-microglobulin (U?2MG were measured by immunosorbent assay (ELISA. Urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (UNAG activity and malondialdehyde (UMDA were measured by chemical methods. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR was determined from serum creatinine. Results In patient with and without chelation, glomerular [elevated SCysC, SCr, Ualbumin/Cr and diminished eGFR]; and tubular dysfunctions [elevated SUA, SPO4, UNAG/Cr, U?2MG/Cr] and oxidative stress marker disturbances [diminished STAC and elevated UMDA/Cr] were reported than controls. In patients with chelation, SCysC was significantly higher while, STAC was significantly lower than those without chelation. In all patients, SCysC showed significant positive correlation with SCr and negative correlation with eGFR; STAC showed significant positive correlation with eGFR and negative correlation with SCysC, SCr, UNAG/Cr; UMDA/Cr showed significant positive correlation with Ualbumin/Cr, U?2MG/Cr, UNAG/Cr. Conclusions Our data confirm high frequency of glomerular and tubular dysfunctions in TD-?TM pediatric patients which could be attributed to oxidative stress and DFO therapy.

  2. Cord Compression due to Extramedullary Hematopoiesis in an Adolescent with Known Beta Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan COHLER

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe a 16 year-old male with ß thalassemia major and gait disturbances that had not been given blood transfusions due to a severe childhood transfusion reaction. Thoracic spine MRI demonstrated hematopoietic marrow throughout the spine and epidural masses causing cord compression consistent with extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH. After treatment with steroids, radiotherapy and monitored blood transfusions, the patient demonstrated significant improvement of his paraspinal lesions and near complete resolution of his neurological symptoms. While EMH causing cord compression in adolescents is rare in the current era of bone marrow transplantation or chronic transfusions, it should be considered when thalassemia major patients present with neurological deficits. The well defined imaging features of EMH can play a central role in its diagnosis and management, especially because surgical and / or radiotherapeutic intervention are often considered in cases of failed medical treatment.

  3. Effects of Vitamin E and Zinc Supplementation on Antioxidants in Beta-Thalassemia Major Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Abbasali Keshtkar; Seyed-Rafie Arefhosseini Arefhosseini; Maryam Rafraf; Maryam Aboomardani; Mohammadreza Rashidi; Hamidreza Joshaghani

    2011-01-01

    Objective:In beta thalassemic patients, tissue damage occurs due to oxidative stress and it happens because of the accumulation of iron in the body. This study was conducted to determine the effect of zinc and vitamin E supplementation on antioxidant status in beta-thalassemic major patients. Methods:This double blind randomized clinical trial was carried out on 120 beta thalassemic patients older than 18 years. Patients were randomly categorized in four groups. Zinc (50mg/day) and vitamin E ...

  4. Cord Compression due to Extramedullary Hematopoiesis in an Adolescent with Known Beta Thalassemia Major

    OpenAIRE

    Salil Soman; Rosenfeld, David L; SUDIPTA ROYCHOWDHURY; Drachtman, Richard A; Cohler, Alan

    2009-01-01

    We describe a 16 year-old male with ß thalassemia major and gait disturbances that had not been given blood transfusions due to a severe childhood transfusion reaction. Thoracic spine MRI demonstrated hematopoietic marrow throughout the spine and epidural masses causing cord compression consistent with extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH). After treatment with steroids, radiotherapy and monitored blood transfusions, the patient demonstrated significant improvement of his paraspinal les...

  5. Major Beta-thalassemia: Protective or predisposing Factor for Cardiovascular Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitra Kazemi Jahromi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cardiac dysfunctions have been well known in patients with Major thalassemia. Some studies have focused on differences in blood pressure and heart rate between these patients and normal population, while this view has not been proven in other studies. Given the importance of hemodynamic factors in the health of these individuals, we intend to test the hypothesis as to whether or not hemodynamic factors of these patients differ from normal subjects.Methods: Patients were selected from among the thalassemic patients referred to a blood clinic of one of the third-level hospitals in Tehran. Finally, 50 patients and 50 normal subjects were studied in two groups. All subjects have been assessed using Holter monitoring. Mean average systolic blood pressure and heart rate of subjects were recorded for a period of 24 hours.In addition, demographic data on the subjects, and some laboratory tests (such as serum lipid profile and glucose levels of the patients were also determined and compared between the two groups.Results: 100 people were evaluated in two groups, including 50 patients with thalassemia major and 50 normal subjects, matched by age and gender. The mean age of the subjects was 16.3 ± 6.7 years; and there is no significant difference in mean age of both groups.23 female patients (46% were in the case group, and 21 female patients (42% were in the healthy group, the ratio for which there is no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P> 0. 05. The average level of serum glucose, lipid profiles, as well as none of the hemodynamic factors had no statistically significant difference in the two groups.Only the mean systolic blood pressure was significantly lower in male patients than among men without the disease. Discussion: Despite the lack of difference in blood pressure between the case group and others, it seems that gender could plays a protective role against cardiovascular diseases in men with thalassemia major.

  6. Application of Single Strand Conformational Polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) in Identification of Some Beta-Globin Gene Mutations in A Group of Egyptian Beta-Thalassemia Patients and Carriers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study investigated whether the single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) method could be employed to identify (rather than simply detect) four of the most common beta-globin gene mutations in the Egyptian population: IVS-I-110, IVS-I-6, the IVS-I-1, and Codon 39. Using DNA from 90 beta-thalassemia patients and carriers, by PCR the appropriate 238-bp region of the human beta-globin gene was amplified, the reaction products (Single-stranded DNA) were analyzed by none denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and the bands visualized by silver staining. Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) fragments showed reproducible pattern of bands that were characteristic of the mutations present. With the use of control samples containing six of the 10 possible combinations of the four beta-globin gene mutations under study, we were able to predict the mutations present in 23 out of 90 (26.4%) of the patients studied. These predictions were confirmed independently by the amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) method. It is concluded that this non-radioactive PCR-SSCP method can be used to reliably identify mutations in beta-thalassemia patients, provided that suitable controls are available. However, usefulness of this method for determining the genotype of beta-thalassaemic individuals is obviously limited by the great number of controls required. Moreover, the ability to detect mutations by SSCP is in general lower compared to other methods, ARMS, DGGE or compared to other methods, ARMS, DGGE or DHPLC, which are reported to detect 49.5% to 73% of the mutations present. The SSCP method is nevertheless much easier to employ than other methods and is especially successful for beta-thalassemia carriers. This method would thus be particularly useful for an initial screening of target groups (prenatal diagnosis)

  7. Effects of Vitamin E and Zinc Supplementation on Antioxidants in Beta-Thalassemia Major Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadreza Rashidi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective:In beta thalassemic patients, tissue damage occurs due to oxidative stress and it happens because of the accumulation of iron in the body. This study was conducted to determine the effect of zinc and vitamin E supplementation on antioxidant status in beta-thalassemic major patients.Methods:This double blind randomized clinical trial was carried out on 120 beta thalassemic patients older than 18 years. Patients were randomly categorized in four groups. Zinc (50mg/day and vitamin E (400mg/day supplements were administered for former and latter group, respectively. In the third group both supplements were administered in similar doses. The fourth (control group received no supplement. The effect of supplementations on serum zinc and vitamin E, superoxide dismutase (SOD, glutathione peroxidase (GPX, total antioxidant capacity (TAC and body mass index (BMI were measured at the beginning and the end of the study.Findings:Serum zinc levels in group 1 and 3 were significantly increased (P< 0.007 and P< 0.005, respectively. Serum vitamin E levels in group 2 and 3 were also increased significantly (P< 0.001. Mean GPX activity in group1, 2 and 3 decreased significantly (P< 0.015, P< 0.032 and P< 0.029, respectively. Mean SOD activity and TAC did not show significant change after supplementation. BMI had significant increase in all treated groups (P< 0.001.Conclusion:Our results suggest that beta thalassemic patients have enhanced oxidative stress and administration of selective antioxidants may preclude oxidative damage

  8. Effects of Vitamin E and Zinc Supplementation on Antioxidants in Beta-Thalassemia Major Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbasali Keshtkar

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective:In beta thalassemic patients, tissue damage occurs due to oxidative stress and it happens because of the accumulation of iron in the body. This study was conducted to determine the effect of zinc and vitamin E supplementation on antioxidant status in beta-thalassemic major patients. Methods:This double blind randomized clinical trial was carried out on 120 beta thalassemic patients older than 18 years. Patients were randomly categorized in four groups. Zinc (50mg/day and vitamin E (400mg/day supplements were administered for former and latter group, respectively. In the third group both supplements were administered in similar doses. The fourth (control group received no supplement. The effect of supplementations on serum zinc and vitamin E, superoxide dismutase (SOD, glutathione peroxidase (GPX, total antioxidant capacity (TAC and body mass index (BMI were measured at the beginning and the end of the study. Findings:Serum zinc levels in group 1 and 3 were significantly increased (P<0.007 and P<0.005, respectively. Serum vitamin E levels in group 2 and 3 were also increased significantly (P<0.001. Mean GPX activity in group1, 2 and 3 decreased significantly (P<0.015, P<0.032 and P<0.029, respectively. Mean SOD activity and TAC did not show significant change after supplementation. BMI had significant increase in all treated groups (P<0.001. Conclusion:Our results suggest that beta thalassemic patients have enhanced oxidative stress and administration of selective antioxidants may preclude oxidative damage.

  9. Efficacy of Carvedilol in Patients with Dilated Cardiomyopathy due to Beta-Thalassemia Major; a Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afsaneh Ashrafi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Dilated cardiomyopathy is the end result of chronic iron overload in patients with beta thalassemia major. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Carvedilol in patients with beta thalassemia major and dilated cardiomyopathy.Methods: During a six-month period, fourteen patients with beta-thalassemia major and heart failure without diabetes mellitus referred to pediatric cardiology clinic enrolled in this double blind, randomly assigned study. All patients were on anti failure therapy with Digoxin, Captopril and Furosemide. Carvedilol was started at a dosage of 3.12 mg bid and for patients who had a systolic blood pressure >100 mmHg, heart rate >60/min and no signs of low cardiac output the dosage was increased every two weeks to a maximum of 25 mg bid. Clinical signs and symptoms, systolic and diastolic echocardiographic indexes and Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI data were collected from each patient.Findings: Eight patients received Carvedilol (Group 1 and six received placebo (Group 2. The mean age of patients in Group1 and 2 were 16±0.7 years and 17±3 years respectively. Only one patent in Group 1 tolerated increasing Carvedilol dosage to more than 6.25 mg bid. Changes in New York Heart Association (NYHA classification, Ejection fraction, End diastolic dimension changes, TDI systolic(S, early (Ea and late (Aa diastolic waves were not statistically significant in these two Groups (P>0.05. Pulse Doppler E/A wave ratio of mitral valve in Group1 and Group 2 changed from 1.1±0.37 m/s to 1.8±0.40 m/s and from 1.34±0.30 m/s to 2.6±0.23m/s respectively (P=0.04.Conclusion: Patients with thalassemia and dilated cardiomyopathy have poor tolerance to increasing Carvedilol dosage and develop decreased systolic blood pressure during advancement of the drug dosage. Carvedilol can be effective in prevention of progression of diastolic dysfunction in these patients.

  10. Efficacy of Carvedilol in Patients with Dilated Cardiomyopathy due to Beta-thalassemia Major a Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholam-Hossein Ajami

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective:Dilated cardiomyopathy is the end result of chronic iron overload in patients with beta thalassemia major. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Carvedilol in patients with beta thalassemia major and dilated cardiomyopathy.Methods:During a six-month period, fourteen patients with beta-thalassemia major and heart failure without diabetes mellitus referred to pediatric cardiology clinic enrolled in this double blind, randomly assigned study. All patients were on anti failure therapy with Digoxin, Captopril and Furosemide. Carvedilol was started at a dosage of 3.12 mg bid and for patients who had a systolic blood pressure >100 mmHg, heart rate >60/min and no signs of low cardiac output the dosage was increased every two weeks to a maximum of 25 mg bid. Clinical signs and symptoms, systolic and diastolic echocardiographic indexes and Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI data were collected from each patient.Findings:Eight patients received Carvedilol (Group 1 and six received placebo (Group 2. The mean age of patients in Group1 and 2 were 16?0.7 years and 17?3 years respectively. Only one patent in Group 1 tolerated increasing Carvedilol dosage to more than 6.25 mg bid. Changes in New York Heart Association (NYHA classification, Ejection fraction, End diastolic dimension changes, TDI systolic(S, early (Ea and late (Aa diastolic waves were not statistically significant in these two Groups (P>0.05. Pulse Doppler E/A wave ratio of mitral valve in Group1 and Group 2 changed from 1.1?0.37 m/s to 1.8?0.40 m/s and from 1.34?0.30 m/s to 2.6?0.23m/s respectively (P=0.04.Conclusion:Patients with thalassemia and dilated cardiomyopathy have poor tolerance to increasing Carvedilol dosage and develop decreased systolic blood pressure during advancement of the drug dosage. Carvedilol can be effective in prevention of progression of diastolic dysfunction in these patients.

  11. The prevalence of factor V Leiden (G1691A), prothrombin G20210A and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T mutations in Jordanian patients with beta-thalassemia major.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Sweedan, Suleimman A; Jaradat, Said; Iraqi, Muna; Beshtawi, Mohamed

    2009-12-01

    One hundred beta-thalassemia major (beta-TM) patients and 100 individuals as control were included. Factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene mutations were genotyped by PCR and allele-specific restriction enzyme techniques. The prevalence of factor V Leiden G1691A, MTHFR C677T and prothrombin G20210A in patients was insignificantly higher than controls. Patients with beta-TM have insignificantly higher frequencies of mutant A allele in factor V Leiden G1691A (11.5 vs. 10.5%), mutant T allele in MTHFR C677T (21.5 vs. 21%) and mutant A allele in prothrombin G20210A (3 vs. 2.5%) than controls. Double heterozygosity for two of the three mutations discussed in this study was found in (10 vs. 8%, P = 0.62) in beta-TM patients and controls. The prevalence of factor V Leiden G1691A, prothrombin G20210A and MTHFR C677T mutations was slightly but insignificantly higher in beta-TM patients than controls. beta-TM is a chronic hypercoagulable condition independent of predisposing genetic factors. PMID:19710606

  12. [Beta-thalassemias: molecular, epidemiological, diagnostical and clinical aspects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joly, Philippe; Pondarre, Corinne; Badens, Catherine

    2014-01-01

    Beta-thalassemia is one of most common autosomal recessive disorders worldwide. In France, 5 to 10 new major or intermedia forms are diagnosed annually and the global prevalence is about 500 cases. Since 20 years and thanks to the generalization of iron chelator treatments, the life expectancy has dramatically increased. Nearly 90% of the ?-thalassemic alleles are point mutations easily identified by Sanger sequencing or dedicated methods. The remaining 10% are deletions detectable by MLPA or CGH Array. The alpha-globin genotype is also essential in the exploration of beta-thalassemia because an alpha-thalassemia improves the clinical state whereas an alpha triplication worsens it. The additional genotyping of a few HbF inducer polymorphisms allows to predict the age of the first transfusion, thanks to a recent dedicated algorithm, making beta-thalassemia one of the first potential application of predictive medicine. Gene therapy, pre-implantatory diagnosis and new drugs (Sotatercept®, hepcidin-like molecules) have also recently contributed to make beta-thalassemia a main scientific topic again. PMID:25486662

  13. The pro-BNP Serum Level and Echocardiographic Tissue Doppler Abnormalities in Patients with Beta Thalassemia Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garadah, Taysir S.; Mahdi, Najat; Kassab, Salah; Shoroqi, Isa Al; Abu-Taleb, Ahmed; Jamsheer, Anwer

    2010-01-01

    Background Doppler echocardiographic studies of the left ventricle (LV) function in patients with ?-Thalassemia Major (?-TM) had shown different patterns of systolic and diastolic dysfunctions associated with abnormal serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). Aim This cross-sectional study was designed to study the LV systolic and diastolic functions and correlate that with serum level of N-terminal pro brain natriuretic hormone (NT- pro BNP) in patients with ?-TM using Pulsed Doppler (PD) and Tissue Doppler (TD) echocardiography. Methods The study was conducted on patients with ?-TM (n = 38, age 15.7 ± 8.9 years) and compared with an age-matched controls (n = 38, age 15.9 ± 8.9 years). In all participants, PD and TD echocardiography were performed and blood samples were withdrawn for measuring the serum level of NT-pro BNP, ferritin, and alanine transaminase. Results Patients with ?-TM compared with controls, have thicker LV septal wall index (0.65 ± 0.26 vs. 0.44 ± 0.21 cm, P < 0.001), posterior wall index (0.65 ± 0.23 vs. 0.43 ± 0.21 cm, P < 0.01), and larger LVEDD index (4.35 ± 0.69 vs.3.88 ± 0.153 mm, P < 0.001). In addition, ?-TM patients have higher transmitral E wave velocity (E) (70.818 ± 10.139 vs. 57.532 ± 10.139, p = 0.027) and E/A ratio (1.54 ± 0.17 vs. 1.23 ± 0.19, P < 0.01) and shorter deceleration time (DT) (160.13 ± 13.3 vs. 170.50 ± 19.20 m sec, P < 0.01). Furthermore, the ratio of transmitral E wave velocity to the tissue Doppler E wave at the basal septal mitral annulus (E/Em?) was significantly higher in ?-TM group (19.6 ± 2.81 vs. 13.868 ± 1.41, P < 0.05). The tissue doppler systolic wave (Sm) velocity and the early diastolic wave (Em) were significantly lower in ?-TM group compared to controls (Sm: 4.82 ± 1.2 vs. 6.22 ± 2.1 mm/sec, P < 0.05; Em: 3.51 ± 2.7 vs. 4.12 ± 2.5 mm/sec P < 0.05, respectively). The tricuspid valve velocity was significantly higher in ?-TM patients compared with controls (2.993 ± 0.569 vs. 1.93 ± 0.471 m/sec, respectively, P < 0.01). The mean serum NT pro-BNP in ?-TM was significantly higher compared with controls (37.6 ± 14.73 vs. 5.5 ± 5.4pg/ml, P < 0.05). The left ventricle ejection fraction (EF%) and fractional shortening (FS%) were not significantly different between both groups. Conclusion We conclude that patients with ?-TM had a significantly higher serum level of NT-pro BNP that is positively correlated with the E/Em ratio on tissue Doppler. Furthermore, we confirm our previous findings that patients with ?-TM exhibit LV diastolic pattern on echocardiogram suggestive of restrictive type with well preserved left ventricle systolic function. PMID:21234293

  14. Sustained improvements in myocardial T2* over 2 years in severely iron-overloaded patients with beta thalassemia major treated with deferasirox or deferoxamine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennell, Dudley J; Porter, John B; Piga, Antonio; Lai, Yong-Rong; El-Beshlawy, Amal; Elalfy, Mohsen; Yesilipek, Akif; Kilinç, Yurdanur; Habr, Dany; Musallam, Khaled M; Shen, Junwu; Aydinok, Yesim

    2015-02-01

    Long-term controlled studies are needed to inform on the clinical benefit of chelation therapy for myocardial iron removal in transfusion-dependent beta thalassemia patients. In a 1-year nonrandomized extension to the CORDELIA study, data collected from patients with myocardial siderosis provided additional information on deferasirox or deferoxamine (DFO) efficacy and safety. Myocardial (m)T2* increased from baseline 11.6 to 15.9 ms in patients receiving deferasirox for 24 months (n = 74; geometric mean [Gmean ] ratio of month 24/baseline 1.38 [95% confidence interval 1.28, 1.49]) and from 10.8 to 14.2 ms in those receiving DFO (n = 29; Gmean ratio 1.33 [1.13, 1.55]; P = 0.93 between groups). Improved mT2* with deferasirox was evident across all subgroups evaluated irrespective of baseline myocardial (mT2* treatment of severely iron-overloaded beta thalassemia patients with deferasirox or DFO led to sustained improvements in myocardial iron irrespective of high or low baseline myocardial or liver iron burden, in parallel with substantial improvements in liver iron (Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00600938). PMID:25345697

  15. Vitamin E in beta-thalassemia.

    OpenAIRE

    GHIGO, Dario Antonio

    1982-01-01

    In homozygous beta-thalassemia low serum level of alpha-tocopherol have been found. The administration of high doses of the vitamin increased the serum level, decreased lipid peroxidation and, in some case, prolonged red blood cell survival; no significant change in transfusion requirement was obtained. Only few data are available about the vitamin E in heterozygous beta-thalassemia. We have studied 131 patients aged 1 to 72 years with thalassemic trait and 218 age-matched controls. Serum lev...

  16. Intracranial Extramedullary Hematopoiesis in Beta-Thalassemia

    OpenAIRE

    Karki, Bivek; Xu, Yi-kai; Tamrakar, Karuna; Wu, Yuan-kui

    2012-01-01

    Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) represents tumor-like proliferation of hemopoietic tissue which complicates chronic hemoglobinopathy. Intracranial EMH is an extremely rare occurrence. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers a precise diagnosis. It is essential to distinguish EMH from other extradural central nervous system tumors, because treatment and prognosis are totally different. Herein, we report the imaging findings of beta-thalassemia in a 13-year-old boy complaining of weakness of...

  17. Analysis of erythrocyte and platelet membrane proteins in various forms of beta-thalassemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alekperova, G A; Orudzhev, A G; Javadov, S A

    2004-07-01

    Major membrane proteins have been quantitatively analyzed in erythrocytes and platelets from patients with homozygous (splenectomized and non-splenectomized) and heterozygous forms of beta-thalassemia depending on severity of clinical manifestation of this disease. Quantitative analysis of erythrocyte membrane proteins revealed increase in alpha- and beta-spectrin. (In non-splenectomized patients with homozygous beta-thalassemia the amount of this protein was lower than in corresponding controls.) Besides spectrin, the increase of 2.1-2.3 fractions of ankyrin, and the decrease of band 3 protein (anion-transport protein), 4.1, palladin, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase were also found. Analysis of major platelet membrane proteins revealed significant increase in gelsolin. This increase was found in all forms of beta-thalassemia irrespective of gender. Significant changes in platelet membrane protein fractions were found in patients (especially non-splenectomized) with homozygous beta-thalassemia. These included significant decrease in myosin, profilin, and gamma-actin and increase in actin-binding protein in both male and female patients. The content of other protein fractions (alpha-actinin, tubulin, tropomyosin) remained unchanged. Changes in protein fractions of erythrocytes and platelets correlated with severity of clinical manifestation of the disease. PMID:15310273

  18. Comparative evaluation of NESTROFT and RDW as screening tests for beta thalassemia trait in pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pritibala Patel

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Thalassemia is the commonest inherited hemoglobinopathy. It is estimated that there are about 45 million carriers of the beta thalassemia gene and about 15000 affected infants are born every year in India, thereby contributing to about 10% of the total thalassemia babies born all over the world. Beta Thalassemia Trait (BTT is asymptomatic while Beta Thalassemia Major (BTM presents with severe anemia and requires lifelong blood transfusion, so emphasis must shift from treatment to screening and offering prenatal counseling to affected parents. Methods: It was a hospital based cross sectional study on 500 antenatal women with microcytic hypochromic anemia with hemoglobin <9 gm% and MCV <80 fl and all these women underwent Naked Eye Single Tube Red Cell Osmotic Fragility Test (NESTROFT, High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC and serum ferritin estimation. Results: In our study the sensitivity and specificity of NESTROFT was 93.3% and 95.7% respectively compared to Red cell Distribution Width (RDW with a sensitivity and specificity of 66.6% and 78.9% respectively. Conclusions: For low resource settings like India, screening for beta thalassemia by NESTROFT is a cheaper and more reliable method with a high sensitivity and specificity and can be performed easily by paramedical staff. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(2.000: 424-428

  19. Molecular analysis of beta-thalassemia and sickle cell anemia in Antalya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keser, I; Sanlioglu, A D; Manguoglu, E; Guzeloglu Kayisli, O; Nal, N; Sargin, F; Yesilipek, A; Simsek, M; Mendilcioglu, I; Canatan, D; Luleci, G

    2004-01-01

    We have studied 918 chromosomes for mutations leading to beta-thalassemia and sickle cell anemia, which are the two most frequently found monogenic disorders in Antalya, Turkey. Three hundred and seventy-seven postnatal and 82 prenatal cases were studied between 2000 and May 2003 in our center using reverse dot blot hybridization (RDBH) with 22 probes specific for Mediterranean populations. In this study, IVSI-110 (G-->A) appeared to be the most common mutation with an occurrence rate of 44.4% among the 16 different mutations found to be associated with beta-thalassemia. Heterozygosity for IVSI-110 was the most prevalent combination, whereas 34 of our 377 postnatal cases showed homozygosity for this mutation, a genotype leading to beta-thalassemia major. The total percentage of postnatal patients clinically diagnosed as beta-thalassemia major was 18.6%, whereas 5% of the cases were diagnosed clinically as beta-thalassemia intermedia. One new Hb variant, Hb Antalya, and one new mutation, Cod 3 (+T) were found. HbS accounted for 10.3% of all mutations; homozygosity was found in 1.9% of all cases. Of the 82 cases analysed prenatally for beta-globin gene mutations and by cytogenetic techniques for possible chromosomal abnormalities, 21 fetuses were found to be affected with beta-globin gene mutations. One of these fetuses was also found to have a 45,X karyotype, and 1 had a 46,XY/47,XY,+22 karyotype. Quite a high rate of consanguineous marriages in Antalya (35.17%) renders mutation screening, genetic counseling, and educational programs held by our Thalassemia Unit essential. This study was the first to be performed specifically in our region where hemoglobinopathies are most frequent as a consequence of migrations of racially and culturally distinct groups to the area in the distant past. PMID:15153712

  20. Intracranial Extramedullary Hematopoiesis in Beta-Thalassemia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karki, Bivek; Xu, Yi Kai; Wu, Yuan Kui [Nan fang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China); Tamrakar, Karuna [Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China)

    2012-03-15

    Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) represents tumor-like proliferation of hemopoietic tissue which complicates chronic hemoglobinopathy. Intracranial EMH is an extremely rare occurrence. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers a precise diagnosis. It is essential to distinguish EMH from other extradural central nervous system tumors, because treatment and prognosis are totally different. Herein, we report the imaging findings of beta-thalassemia in a 13-year-old boy complaining of weakness of left side of the body and gait disturbance; CT and MRI revealed an extradural mass in the right temporoparietal region.

  1. Intracranial Extramedullary Hematopoiesis in Beta-Thalassemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) represents tumor-like proliferation of hemopoietic tissue which complicates chronic hemoglobinopathy. Intracranial EMH is an extremely rare occurrence. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers a precise diagnosis. It is essential to distinguish EMH from other extradural central nervous system tumors, because treatment and prognosis are totally different. Herein, we report the imaging findings of beta-thalassemia in a 13-year-old boy complaining of weakness of left side of the body and gait disturbance; CT and MRI revealed an extradural mass in the right temporoparietal region.

  2. Association of Finger Ridge Pattern and E-Beta-Thalassemia: A Study on Bengalee Population of West Bengal, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piyali Das

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available There is well documented relationship between dermatoglyphics and specific syndromes of genetic origins. Since beta-thalassemia is a major genetic disorder in West Bengal, India, therefore, rapid diagnosis of major beta thalassemia along with certain preventive measures is of utmost significance. The aim of the present study was to understand the association of the finger prints patterns among the E-beta thalassemia patients of Bengalee Hindu Caste population of West Bengal, India. To achieve the purpose, bilateral fingerprints have been collected from 100 (Male-50, Female-50 diagnosed E-beta thalassemia patients from Bengalee population in West Bengal using standard ink roller technique. Examination on finger pattern type revealed significantly (p < 0.05 higher Whorls among the male patients in comparison to their female counter part. On the other hand, significant (p < 0.05 excess of Arches has been found among the female patients compared to the male patients. Present study envisaged that these finger dermatoglyphics patterns might be helpful for the diagnosis and screening of E-beta thalassemia in Bengalee population.

  3. Oxidative stress and antioxidant status in beta-thalassemia heterozygotes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luciana de Souza, Ondei; Isabeth da Fonseca, Estevao; Marina Ibelli Pereira, Rocha; Sandro, Percario; Doroteia Rossi Silva, Souza; Marcela Augusta de Souza, Pinhel; Claudia Regina, Bonini-Domingos.

    Full Text Available Background: Several studies have evaluated the oxidant and antioxidant status of thalassemia patients but most focused mainly on the severe and intermediate states of the disease. Moreover, the oxidative status has not been evaluated for the different beta-thalassemia mutations. Objective: To [...] evaluate lipid peroxidation and Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity in relation to serum iron and ferritin in beta thalassemia resulting from two different mutations (CD39 and IVS-I-110) compared to individuals without beta-thalassemia. Methods: One hundred and thirty subjects were studied, including 49 who were heterozygous for beta-thalassemia and 81 controls. Blood samples were subjected to screening tests for hemoglobin. Allele-specific polymerase chain reaction was used to confirm mutations for beta-thalassemia, an analysis of thiobarbituric acid reactive species was used to determine lipid peroxidation, and Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity evaluations were performed. The heterozygous beta-thalassemia group was also evaluated for serum iron and ferritin status. Results: Thiobarbituric acid reactive species (486.24 ± 119.64 ng/mL) and Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity values (2.23 ± 0.11 mM/L) were higher in beta-thalassemia heterozygotes compared to controls (260.86 ± 92.40 ng/mL and 2.12 ± 0.10 mM/L, respectively; p-value

  4. Selective erythroid replacement in murine beta-thalassemia using fetal hematopoietic stem cells.

    OpenAIRE

    Bethel, C. A.; Murugesh, D; Harrison, M.R.; Mohandas, N; E M Rubin

    1993-01-01

    We have explored the application of fetal hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplants for cellular replacement in a murine model of beta-thalassemia. Liver-derived HSCs from nonthalassemic syngeneic murine fetal donors were transplanted into nonirradiated neonatal beta-thalassemic recipients. Significant erythrocyte chimerism (9-27%) was demonstrated in the majority of recipients at 1 month and remained stable or increased (up to 55%) during long-term follow-up in almost all cases. Chimeras had...

  5. Quality of life among Iranian patients with beta-thalassemia major using the SF-36 questionnaire / Qualidade de vida em pacientes iranianos com beta-talassemia maior usando o questionario SF-36

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sezaneh, Haghpanah; Shiva, Nasirabadi; Fariborz, Ghaffarpasand; Rahmatollah, Karami; Mojtaba, Mahmoodi; Shirin, Parand; Mehran, Karimi.

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO Pacientes com beta-talassemia maior (?-TM) vivenciam problemas físicos, psicológicos e sociais que levam à diminuição da qualidade de vida (QV). O objetivo foi determinar a QV relacionada à saúde e seus determinantes em pacientes com ?-TM, utilizando questionário SF-36 (Short Fo [...] rm-36). TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL Estudo transversal no Centro de Hematologia e Pesquisa em Universidade de Ciências Médicas de Shiraz, no sul do Irã. MÉTODOS Foram selecionados aleatoriamente 101 pacientes com ?-TM. Após registro demográfico e características da doença, eles foram convidados a preencher o questionário SF-36. A correlação entre fatores clínicos e demográficos com escore de QV foi avaliada. RESULTADOS Havia 44 homens e 57 mulheres, com idade média de 19,52 ± 4,3 (variação 12-38) anos. Em duas escalas, dor (P = 0,041) e aspectos emocionais (P = 0,009), as mulheres apresentaram escores significativamente menores aos dos homens. Menor renda, baixa adesão à terapia quelante de ferro e presença de comorbidades foram correlacionadas com escores SF-36 significativamente menores. Esses fatores foram também considerados determinantes de piores escores de SF-36 em análise multivariada. CONCLUSÕES Mostramos que a presença de complicações da doença, a baixa adesão ao tratamento da terapia quelante de ferro e o baixo status econômico são preditores de pior QV em pacientes com ?-TM. Prevenção e manejo adequado das complicações relacionadas com a doença, aumento do conhecimento dos pacientes sobre a importância do gerenciamento de comorbidades e ter maior adesão ao tratamento quelante de ferro, considerando também o apoio psicossocial e financeiro, poderiam ser úteis para melhor lidar com esse estado de doença crônica. Abstract in english CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE Patients with beta-thalassemia major (?-TM) experience physical, psychological and social problems that lead to decreased quality of life (QoL). The aim here was to measure health-related QoL and its determinants among patients with ?-TM, using the Short Form-36 (SF-36) questi [...] onnaire. DESIGN AND SETTING Cross-sectional study at the Hematology Research Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, in southern Iran. METHODS One hundred and one patients with ?-TM were randomly selected. After the participants' demographics and disease characteristics had been recorded, they were asked to fill out the SF-36 questionnaire. The correlations of clinical and demographic factors with the QoL score were evaluated. RESULTS There were 44 men and 57 women of mean age 19.52 ± 4.3 years (range 12-38). On two scales, pain (P = 0.041) and emotional role (P = 0.009), the women showed significantly lower scores than the men. Lower income, poor compliance with iron-chelating therapy and presence of comorbidities were significantly correlated with lower SF-36 scores. These factors were also found to be determinants of worse SF-36 scores in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS We showed that the presence of disease complications, poor compliance with iron-chelating therapy and poor economic status were predictors of worse QoL among patients with ?-TM. Prevention and proper management of disease-related complications, increased knowledge among patients regarding the importance of managing comorbidities and greater compliance with iron-chelating therapy, along with psychosocial and financial support, could help these patients to cope better with this chronic disease state.

  6. Premarital Screening of Beta Thalassemia Minor in north-east of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noori R MSc

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstractBackgroundBeta thalassemia is a preventable disease. Iran has about 20,000Patients who are homozygote for ?-thalassaemia and 3,750,000 carriers. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of beta thalassemia minor among men who underwent premarital screening in Quchana city in Khorasan Razavi region of IranMaterials and MethodsThis research is a descriptive cross-sectional study. From 2010 to 2011, all participants (1000 under marriage coming to health center of Quchan underwent routine mandatory tests. Participants were considered to have beta-thalassemia minor on the condition that hey had a mean corpuscular volume (MCV 3.5%. Venous blood was taken into an EDTA tube and the complete blood count and red blood cell indices were measured with a Coulter automated cellcounter. Electrophoresis was performed on cellulose acetate.ResultsMean and SD of hemoglobin, MCV and MCH were 16±2.9, 91±4 and 28.4±2, respectively. Hemoglobin A2 Higher than 3.5 percent was reported as 3.5%.The prevalence of beta-thassemia minor with high hemoglobin A2 and microcytic hypochromic anemia was 3.5% (P-value.ConclusionIn countries with high prevalence of hemoglobinopathies, a premarital screening program is helpful for identification and prevention of high-risk marriages. Detecting carrier couples with premarital screening program is an effective way of controlling thalassemia major.

  7. The effects of beta-carotene and vitamin E on erythrocytes lipid peroxidation in beta-thalassemia patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soleiman Mahjoub

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Thalassemia is the most common hereditary disease in the world. Thalassemic erythrocytes are exposed to higher oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of beta-carotene and vitamin E on erythrocytes lipid peroxidation in beta-thalassemia patients.
    METHODS: A prospective double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effect of beta-carotene and vitamin E on lipid peroxidation in erythrocytes membranes was performed on 120 beta-thalassemia major patients in four groups. The patients were supplemented for 4 weeks as follows: group 1 with beta-carotene (13 mg/day, group 2 with vitamin E (550 mg/day, group 3 with beta-carotene plus vitamin E and group 4 with placebo. We prepared all capsules for 4 roups in the same shape and color. Measurements of serum beta-carotene and vitamin E were performed by high performance
    liquid chromatography. After preparation of ghost cells from blood specimens, malondialdehyde (MDA was determined as index of lipid peroxidation in erythrocytes membranes before and after treatment. RESULTS: The levels of serum beta-carotene and vitamin E were significantly lower and MDA concentrations in erythrocytes membranes were significantly higher in beta-thalassemia patients compared to controls (P<0.001. In groups that treated with vitamin supplements for 4-weeks, lipid peroxidation rates were significantly reduced after treatment (P<0.001, but in placebo group there was not significant difference (P>0.05.
    CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide evidence that an oral treatment with beta-carotene and vitamin E can significantly reduce lipid peroxidation of erythrocytes membranes and could be useful in management of beta-thalassemia major patients. KEYWORDS: Beta-thalassemia major, beta-carotene, vitamin E, malondialdehyde, lipid peroxidation.

  8. Prospective assessment of health-related quality of life in pediatric patients with beta-thalassemia following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

    OpenAIRE

    Caocci, G; Efficace, F; Ciotti, F; Roncarolo, MG; Vacca, A.; Piras, E; Littera, R; Dawood Markous, RS; Collins, GS; Ciceri, F.; Mandelli, F; Marktel, S; La Nasa, G

    2011-01-01

    Although hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been widely used to treat pediatric patients with beta-thalassemia major, evidence showing whether this treatment improves health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is lacking. We used child-self and parent-proxy reports to prospectively evaluate HRQoL in 28 children with beta-thalassemia from Middle Eastern countries who underwent allogeneic HSCT in Italy. The PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales were administered to patients and their paren...

  9. Extraosseous radiotracer uptake on bone scan in beta-thalassemia: report of one case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Red blood cell transfusion, main therapeutic modality of beta-thalassemia, leads to iron overload which may perturb several metabolic ways. The aim of this paper is to illustrate the uptake abnormalities observed on bone scan of thalassaemic patients and to discuss mechanisms of extraosseous accumulation of the radiopharmaceutical in this pathology. We report a 16-year-old child suffering from beta-thalassemia major undergoing transfusion therapy. A bone scan was indicated to look for osseous infection. This study revealed a little skeletal uptake and abnormal liver, splenic and renal accumulation. A repeat bone scan, performed three weeks later showed a better skeletal uptake which enabled the discovery of focal abnormalities and made the diagnostic easier. The effect of iron overload on radiopharmaceuticals uptake in bone scan is known since 1975. Dissociation of 99mTc from the carrier ligand due to the presence of iron excess seems the most plausible hypothesis. Free 99mTc can be bound to other tissular substrates which can explain extraosseous uptake. The normally available pool for bone is reduced and then the skeletal uptake decreased. This report limits considerably the sensitivity of the bone scan. A well-led iron chelation and eventually the use of diuretic drug may guarantee a better quality of bone scan images. (authors)

  10. Spinal cord compression due to extramedullary hematopoiesis in beta-thalassemia intermedia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) occurs in many disorders, including thalassemias and other hemoglobinopathies, and commonly presents in the spleen and liver. We present a case of spinal cord compression in a patient with beta-thalassemia intermedia, and review the literature and available treatment options. Patient and Methods: A 35-year-old black female with beta-thalassemia intermedia presented with a 3-week history of back pain and lower extremity weakness. Neurologic examination was consistent with spinal cord compression, and gadolinium enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed this diagnosis. She was given intravenous steroids and radiotherapy was begun in 200 cGy fractions to a total dose of 2000 cGy. Results: At the completion of radiotherapy the patient was ambulatory with mild residual weakness. MRI scans 16 months later showed smaller, but persistent masses, and she remains asymptomatic 5 years from her diagnosis. Conclusion: Recognition of spinal cord EMH requires prompt physical examination and MRI for accurate diagnosis. EMH can be managed with radiation, surgery, transfusions, or a combination of these therapies. Radiation in conservative doses of (750-3500 cGy) is non-invasive, avoids the surgical risks of potentially severe hemorrhage and incomplete resection, and has a high complete remission rate in the majority of patients. Relapse rates are moderate (37.5%), but retreatment provides excellent chance for second remissions excellent chance for second remission

  11. GENETIC AND ELECTROPHORETIC STUDY OF TWO FAMILIES WITH BETA-THALASSEMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.Capalnasan

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available 19 cases of beta-thalassemia (2 homozygotes and 17 heterozygotes were finding out in a large family in the district of Vaslui by biochemical and genetical metods. For a better estimation of the status of two homozygote patients as well as for the selection of suitable treatment procedures, radiological and hematological investigations were performed. The usefulness of the application of electrophoretic techniques in the finding of beta-thalassemia heterozygotes is pointed out and also is underlined the necessity to undertake studies of selected groups of human population in order to obtain a better estimation of beta-thalassemias frequency in south-west Romania.

  12. The effects of deferiprone and deferasirox on the structure and function of beta-thalassemia hemoglobin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moosavi-Movahedi, A A; Mousavy, S J; Divsalar, A; Babaahmadi, A; Karimian, K; Shafiee, A; Kamarie, M; Poursasan, N; Farzami, B; Riazi, G H; Hakimelahi, G H; Tsai, F Y; Ahmad, F; Amani, M; Saboury, A A

    2009-12-01

    Transfusional iron overload is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in thalassemia, sickle-cell disease and other chronic anemias. To overcome these problems, orally bio available iron chelators, deferiprone and deferasirox, were used for the treatment of patients suffering from thalassemia. The interactions between deferiprone and deferasirox with the carrier protein, beta-thalassemia hemoglobin (Hb), were investigated using fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD) and UV-visible measurements at physiological condition. Strong fluorescence quenching on interactions of the above drugs with beta-thalassemia Hb were observed. Fluorescence quenching data of thalassemia Hb in the presence of deferasirox have shown greater affinity of binding. The number of binding sites to Hb for deferasirox was found to be more relative to those of the deferiprone. The effects of these drugs on the oxygen affinity of the thalassemia Hb were studied by spectroscopic methods using sodium dithionite. Results indicated that deferiprone reduces oxygen affinity (increases oxygen releasing ability) of Hb, while in the presence of deferasirox, oxygen affinity of Hb has significantly increased by dose-dependent manner. As such, deferasirox exhibited opposite effect relative to deferiprone on the function of thalassemia Hb. In clinical dose of deferiprone, CD results showed that, the alpha-helical content of thalassemia Hb significantly increased. By use of the clinical dose of deferasirox, however, a decrease in alpha-helical content of protein was observed, which resulted in decreasing stability of thalassemia Hb. Our study showed that reduction in stability of thalassemia Hb in the presence of deferasirox induced higher conformational changes in protein. PMID:19795915

  13. GENETIC AND ELECTROPHORETIC STUDY OF TWO FAMILIES WITH BETA-THALASSEMIA

    OpenAIRE

    I. Capalnasan; Viorica Nuta; Ioana Tuduce

    1999-01-01

    19 cases of beta-thalassemia (2 homozygotes and 17 heterozygotes) were finding out in a large family in the district of Vaslui by biochemical and genetical metods. For a better estimation of the status of two homozygote patients as well as for the selection of suitable treatment procedures, radiological and hematological investigations were performed. The usefulness of the application of electrophoretic techniques in the finding of beta-thalassemia heterozygotes is pointed out and also is und...

  14. Early detection of right ventricular diastolic dysfunction by pulsed tissue Doppler echocardiography in iron loaded beta thalassemia patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agha, Hala Mounir; Beshlawy, Amal; Hamdy, Mona; Sobeih, Alae; El Zahrae, Fatma; Abd El Satar, Inas Abd; AbdelMassih, Antoine; Said, Fadwa; Abd El Aziz, Ossama; El Tagui, Mona; Pennell, Dudley J

    2015-03-01

    Early heart iron overload in beta thalassemia major patients can be quantified through T2* cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). To clarify the value of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in early detection of myocardial dysfunction in iron loaded thalassemia patients diagnosed by CMR. Two groups were included in the study; Group I: 69 asymptomatic thalassemia patients (28 females, 41 males), mean age 18.1 ± 7.03 years (range 6-39 years); Group II (n = 41) healthy normal controls matched for age and sex. Serum ferritin and CMR were performed to assess the cardiac siderosis (T2*  20 ms. Conventional and Doppler echocardiography of LV, RV dimensions and functions and pulmonary artery pressure were evaluated. Right ventricular diastolic function assessed by tricuspid annular E'/A' was positively correlated with T2* value; lower tricuspid E'/A' ratios were correlated with lower T2* values (r = 0.366, P = 0.002). Tricuspid annular A' was significantly higher in group Ia compared to group Ib (16.7 ± 5.2 vs 12.1 ± 4.0 cm/s, P TDI is a promising tool for quantitative assessment of myocardial function and early detection of right ventricular diastolic dysfunction in iron loaded beta thalassemia major patients. PMID:25293426

  15. Marcadores eletrocardiográficos para detecção precoce de doença cardíaca em pacientes com talassemia beta maior Electrocardiographic markers for the early detection of cardiac disease in patients with beta-thalassemia major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kemal Nisli

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar comparativamente a dispersão da onda P (DOP em pacientes com talassemia beta maior (?-TM e indivíduos saudáveis (controles para a detecção precoce do risco de arritmias. MÉTODOS: Oitenta e uma crianças com ?-TM, com idades entre 4 e 19 anos, e 74 crianças saudáveis (grupo controle foram submetidas a exame eletrocardiográfico e ecocardiograma transtorácico de rotina para avaliação cardíaca. A DOP foi calculada como a diferença entre as durações máxima e mínima da onda P. RESULTADOS: Houve uma diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o grupo de estudo e o grupo controle no pico de velocidade do fluxo transmitral no início da diástole (E e na razão E/fluxo transmitral tardio (A. A duração máxima da onda P e a DOP foram significativamente maiores nos pacientes com ?-TM do que nos indivíduos controles. CONCLUSÕES: O aumento da DOP em nossos pacientes com ?-TM pode estar relacionado à depressão na condução intra-atrial, devido à dilatação atrial, e ao aumento da atividade simpática. Estes pacientes devem ser acompanhados atentamente devido à possibilidade de ocorrência de arritmias com risco de vida.OBJECTIVE: To comparatively evaluate P-wave dispersion (PWD in patients with ?-thalassemia major (TM and healthy control subjects for the early prediction of arrhythmia risk. METHODS: Eighty-one children with ?-TM, aged 4-19 years, and 74 healthy children (control group underwent routine electrocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography for cardiac evaluation. PWD was calculated as the difference between the maximum and the minimum P-wave duration. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference between study and control groups in peak early (E mitral inflow velocity and E/late (A velocity ratio. Maximum P-wave duration and PWD were found to be significantly higher in ?-TM patients than in control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Increased PWD in our ?-TM patients might be related to depression of intra-atrial conduction due to atrial dilatation and increased sympathetic activity. These patients should be closely followed up for risk of life-threatening arrhythmias.

  16. Marcadores eletrocardiográficos para detecção precoce de doença cardíaca em pacientes com talassemia beta maior / Electrocardiographic markers for the early detection of cardiac disease in patients with beta-thalassemia major

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Kemal, Nisli; Yavuz, Taner; Oner, Naci; Salcioglu, Zafer; Karakas, Zeynep; Dindar, Aygun; Umrah, Aydogan; Rukiye, Eker; Turkan, Ertugrul.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar comparativamente a dispersão da onda P (DOP) em pacientes com talassemia beta maior (?-TM) e indivíduos saudáveis (controles) para a detecção precoce do risco de arritmias. MÉTODOS: Oitenta e uma crianças com ?-TM, com idades entre 4 e 19 anos, e 74 crianças saudáveis (grupo contr [...] ole) foram submetidas a exame eletrocardiográfico e ecocardiograma transtorácico de rotina para avaliação cardíaca. A DOP foi calculada como a diferença entre as durações máxima e mínima da onda P. RESULTADOS: Houve uma diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o grupo de estudo e o grupo controle no pico de velocidade do fluxo transmitral no início da diástole (E) e na razão E/fluxo transmitral tardio (A). A duração máxima da onda P e a DOP foram significativamente maiores nos pacientes com ?-TM do que nos indivíduos controles. CONCLUSÕES: O aumento da DOP em nossos pacientes com ?-TM pode estar relacionado à depressão na condução intra-atrial, devido à dilatação atrial, e ao aumento da atividade simpática. Estes pacientes devem ser acompanhados atentamente devido à possibilidade de ocorrência de arritmias com risco de vida. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To comparatively evaluate P-wave dispersion (PWD) in patients with ?-thalassemia major (TM) and healthy control subjects for the early prediction of arrhythmia risk. METHODS: Eighty-one children with ?-TM, aged 4-19 years, and 74 healthy children (control group) underwent routine electroc [...] ardiography and transthoracic echocardiography for cardiac evaluation. PWD was calculated as the difference between the maximum and the minimum P-wave duration. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference between study and control groups in peak early (E) mitral inflow velocity and E/late (A) velocity ratio. Maximum P-wave duration and PWD were found to be significantly higher in ?-TM patients than in control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Increased PWD in our ?-TM patients might be related to depression of intra-atrial conduction due to atrial dilatation and increased sympathetic activity. These patients should be closely followed up for risk of life-threatening arrhythmias.

  17. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients with Beta Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Akif Yesilipek

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Hemoglobinopathies include an enormous patient population in south part of Turkey. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is only curative treatment in thalassemia. Optimal medical therapy is very important in the years before transplant to achieve a successful transplantation. In this study, the indications, risk factors, results and the situation related with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in thalassemia in Turkey was reviewed.

  18. Serum uric acid: an early indicator of oxidative stress in beta thalassemia population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasgupta, S; Dasgupta, A; Mukhopadhayay, T; Bhattacharya, S; Swaika, B; Banarjee, U; Chakrabarty, P

    2013-07-01

    Iron induced alteration in the redox balance is a major complication in the beta thalassemia major patients receiving regular blood transfusion. Variable degrees of association between uric acid level with the free iron and its storage form ferritin in thalassemic patients are suggested to play a significant role in this alteration by an unclear mechanism. In the present study, we made an effort to analyze the association of serum uric acid with oxidative stress and to evaluate the predictive value of serum iron, serum ferritin and serum uric acid level on oxidative stress induced lipid peroxidation in beta thalassemic patients. For this we assayed these parameters in 61 patients of ? thalassemia major and 51 age and sex matched controls of a rural area of West Bengal. Serum TBARS, serum Uric acid, serum Ferritin and serum Iron levels were significantly higher in the patient group (p<0.001 for all of them). Significant correlations existed between serum levels of TBARS, Uric acid, Ferritin and Iron levels in the patient group whereas only serum TBARS levels showed significant correlation with serum iron level in the control group. Regression analysis revealed that uric acid levels have a better predictive value (?=0.3, p=0.001) than serum ferritin value (?=0.013, p=0.871) for indicating TBARS production. PMID:23982550

  19. Valores de ferritina sérica em beta talassemia heterozigota Serum ferritin levels in beta thalassemia carrier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabeth F. Estevão

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A low iron level, the commonest nutritional deficiency in the world, is a public health problem in developing countries. On the other hand, an excessive amount of iron is toxic, causing several organic dysfunctions, such as diabetes, cirrhosis, endocrinopathies and heart disease. Researchers have reported an association of iron overload with beta-thalassemia. The aim of this paper was to compare the serum ferritin levels of women with the beta-thalassemia trait. The results of serologic tests of 137 women of childbearing age were analyzed; 63 had the beta-thalassemia trait and 74 had Hb AA. In the beta-thalassemia carriers, the median ferritin value was 51.90 ng/mL and in the non-carriers 31.60 ng/mL (p = 0.0052. Levels of less than 20 and above 150 ng/mL were observed in 28% and 3% of the non-carriers and in 16% and 11% of the carriers, respectively. With these results it is possible to conclude that women in the reproductive age with the beta-thalassemia trait present higher ferritin levels in the northeastern region of São Paulo State. Further studies are necessary to clarify possible genetic and/or environment factors which interfere in iron absorption.

  20. Valores de ferritina sérica em beta talassemia heterozigota / Serum ferritin levels in beta thalassemia carrier

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Isabeth F., Estevão; Maria Cristina S., Souza; Antonio J., Manzato; Claudia R., Bonini-Domingos.

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english A low iron level, the commonest nutritional deficiency in the world, is a public health problem in developing countries. On the other hand, an excessive amount of iron is toxic, causing several organic dysfunctions, such as diabetes, cirrhosis, endocrinopathies and heart disease. Researchers have re [...] ported an association of iron overload with beta-thalassemia. The aim of this paper was to compare the serum ferritin levels of women with the beta-thalassemia trait. The results of serologic tests of 137 women of childbearing age were analyzed; 63 had the beta-thalassemia trait and 74 had Hb AA. In the beta-thalassemia carriers, the median ferritin value was 51.90 ng/mL and in the non-carriers 31.60 ng/mL (p = 0.0052). Levels of less than 20 and above 150 ng/mL were observed in 28% and 3% of the non-carriers and in 16% and 11% of the carriers, respectively. With these results it is possible to conclude that women in the reproductive age with the beta-thalassemia trait present higher ferritin levels in the northeastern region of São Paulo State. Further studies are necessary to clarify possible genetic and/or environment factors which interfere in iron absorption.

  1. Prevalence of Beta-Thalassemia in premarital screening in Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Al-Hassa area is one of the regions in Saudi Arabia where hemoglobinopathies are prevalent. The Saudi Ministry of Health designed a protocol for premarital testing after the royal decree in December 2003. The protocol was implemented in a February 2004 order. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of beta-thalassemia trait among subjects coming for premarital screening in the Al-Hassa area. From February 2004 to November 2004, healthy subjects coming to six marriages consultation centers in the Al-Hassa area underwent routine mandatory tests. Subjects were considered to have beta-thalassemia trait if they had a mean corpuscular volume (MCV), 80 fL and/or a mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) 3.2%. Venous blood was taken into ETDA tube and the complete blood count and red blood cell indices were measured by a Coulter automated cell counter on the same day of hemoglobin collection. Electrophoresis was done on cellulose acetate. All Saudi participants (n=8918), including 4218 (47.3%) males and 4700 (52.7%) females were screened. The prevalence of beta-thalassemia trait with high hemoglobin A2 and microcytic hypochromic anemia was 3.4% (307/8918). In countries with a high prelevance of hemoglobinopathies, a premarital screening program is helpful for identification and prevention of high-risk marriages. With a 3.4% prevalence of beta-thalassemia trait in premarital couples, future comprehensive programs are needed to knre comprehensive programs are needed to know the actual prevalence of beta-thalassemia in Al-Hassa. (author)

  2. Protection against Oxidative Stress in Beta Thalassemia/Hemoglobin E Erythrocytes by Inhibitors of Glutathione Efflux Transporters

    OpenAIRE

    Muanprasat, Chatchai; Wongborisuth, Chokdee; Pathomthongtaweechai, Nutthapoom; Satitsri, Saravut; Hongeng, Suradej

    2013-01-01

    In beta thalassemia/hemoglobin E (Hb E), abnormally high levels of oxidative stress account for accelerated senescence and increased destruction of erythrocytes. The present study aimed to investigate the role of glutathione efflux transporters, namely cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1), in the control of glutathione levels and protection against oxidative challenges in beta thalassemia/Hb E erythrocytes. We found th...

  3. [Association of Hbo Arab/beta-thalassemia discovered fortuitously in 2 brothers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mongalgi, M A; Debbabi, A; Guemira, F; Fattoum, S

    1992-04-01

    A four-year-old boy admitted for fever and a skin rash was diagnosed as having a rickettsial infection. Regenerative microcytic anemia and enlargement of the spleen were also found. Hemoglobin electrophoresis and a family study disclosed a combination of two heterozygous hemoglobinopathies, i.e., HbO Arab and beta-thalassemia. A male sibling had the same anomalies as the index patient and was free of symptoms. PMID:1616242

  4. In vivo reduction of erythrocyte oxidant stress in a murine model of beta-thalassemia

    OpenAIRE

    TURRINI, Francesco Michelangelo; AYI, Kodjo

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Oxidant damage is an important contributor to the premature destruction of erythrocytes and anemia in thalassemias. To assess the extent of oxidant damage of circulating erythrocytes and the effects of antioxidant therapy on erythrocyte characteristics and anemia, we used a mouse model of human beta-thalassemia intermedia (b1/b2 deletion). DESIGN AND METHODS: Several parameters indicative of oxidant damage were measured at baseline and following administration of th...

  5. Rare association between two genetic conditions: turner syndrome and beta thalassemia minor

    OpenAIRE

    Dorina STOICANESCU; Mariana CEVEI; Valerica BELENGEANU; Monica STOIAN; Alina BELENGEANU

    2009-01-01

    Rare disorders are defined as diseases, including those of genetic origin, which are life-threatening or chronically debilitating, which are of such low prevalence that special combined efforts are needed to address them. We present a case with a rare association between two genetic conditions: Turner phenotype and beta thalassemia minor. Turner syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that is characterized by the absence of all or part of a second sex chromosome in some or all cells. This conditio...

  6. Is there an association of giardiasis with beta-thalassemia minor?

    OpenAIRE

    Yakoob, Javed; Jafri, Wasim; Shaikh, Hizbullah

    2013-01-01

    Abstract. Beta–thalassemia minor  is a symptomless carrier state of a hemoglobinopathy which predisposes to bacterial infections. We report three cases presenting with giardiasis, a parasitic infection of gastrointestinal tract caused by Giardia lamblia. Patients presented with recurrent diarrhea and abdominal pain for over a year. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy finding varied from normal to acute duodenitis. Duodenal biopsy demonstrated changes consistent with mild chronic non-specific inflam...

  7. Rare association between two genetic conditions: turner syndrome and beta thalassemia minor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina STOICANESCU

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Rare disorders are defined as diseases, including those of genetic origin, which are life-threatening or chronically debilitating, which are of such low prevalence that special combined efforts are needed to address them. We present a case with a rare association between two genetic conditions: Turner phenotype and beta thalassemia minor. Turner syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that is characterized by the absence of all or part of a second sex chromosome in some or all cells. This condition occurs in 1 in 2,500 to 3,000 girls. The physical features include webbing of the neck, short stature, delayed growth of the skeleton, broad chest, cardivascular abnormalities and gonadal dysgenesis. Women with this disorder are usually infertile due to ovarian failure. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed by the cytogenetic and by FISH analysis, which revealed the presence of only one X chromosome. Treatment may include human growth hormone and estrogen replacement therapy. On the other hand, thalassemias are genetic conditions that result from imbalance in the normal coordinated synthesis of the globin subunits that make up the hemoglobin tetramer, leading to decreased and defective production of hemoglobin. Beta thalassemia syndromes are hereditary disorders characterized by a genetic deficiency in the synthesis of beta-globin chains. Beta thalassemia is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Thalassemia minor usually presents as an asymptomatic mild microcytic anemia, but our case also had splenomegaly and required splenectomy.

  8. Extramedullary Hematopoiesis Presenting as a Right Adrenal Mass in a Patient With Beta Thalassemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karami, Hossein; Kosaryan, Mehrnoush; Taghipour, Mehrdad; Sharifian, Rayka; Aliasgharian, Aili; Motalebi, Mohsen

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Extramedullary hematopoiesis in the kidney and adrenal are rarely reported in medical literature and are usually found as incidentaloma. It usually occurs in patients with hematologic disorder such as thalassemia. Case Presentation: The patient was a 23-year-old Iranian man with beta thalassemia who was admitted with a suprarenal mass. Adrenal mass was detected by ultrasonography and computed tomography. Results of biochemical evaluations were insignificant. The patient underwent right adrenalectomy. Gross and microscopic histopathologic examination demonstrated extramedullary hematopoiesis without any adrenal tissue. Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, we document the first reported case of adrenal extramedullary hematopoiesis in Iran, which seems to be rare and remarkable. PMID:25695031

  9. Effect of pregnancy on differentiation of minor Beta-Thalassemia from iron deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghanei M

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Differential diagnosis of Iron-deficiency anemia and Beta-Thalassemia, two common causes of anemia, affects the treatment in pregnant women. To help the diagnosis, we have tried to asses the pure effect of gestation on diagnostic criteria, eliminating iron and folate deficiency. In a prospective study, 46 thalassemic women were given Ferrous Sulphate tablets and Folate. Some indices, CBC and HbA2 were measured before and after treatment during pregnancy. The haemoglobin and HbA2 decreased and MCV increased, all with significant P value. We concluded that HbA2, independent of iron, will decrease during pregnancy and MCV will increase

  10. Epidural anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with sickle cell anemia, beta thalassemia, and Crohn's disease -A case report-

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özlü, Onur

    2012-01-01

    A 37-year-old woman diagnosed with sickle cell anemia (SCA), beta (+) thalassemia, Crohn's disease, and liver dysfunction was scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) due to acute cholecystitis with gall bladder. Regional anesthesia was performed. An epidural catheter was inserted into the 9-10 thoracal epidural space and then 15 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine was injected through the catheter. The level of sensorial analgesia tested with pinprick test reached up to T4. Here we describe the first case of the combination of sickle cell anemia (SCA), beta (+) thalassemia, and Crohn's disease successful anesthetic management with attention to hemodynamics, particularly with regards to liver dysfunction. PMID:23115690

  11. Hemoglobin Mississippi (beta 44ser----cys). Studies of the thalassemic phenotype in a mixed heterozygote with beta +-thalassemia.

    OpenAIRE

    Steinberg, M.H.; Adams, J G; Morrison, W T; Pullen, D. J.; Abney, R; Ibrahim, A.; Rieder, R F

    1987-01-01

    Hemoglobin Mississippi (HbMS: beta 44ser----cys) has anomalous properties that include disulfide linkages with normal beta-, delta-, gamma-, and alpha-chains, and the formation of high molecular weight multimers. While heterozygotes for HbMS are clinically and hematologically normal and carriers of the beta +-thalassemia gene in our family had mild microcytic anemia, the proband with HbMS-beta +-thalassemia had a hemoglobin level of 7 g/dl, mean corpuscular volume (MCV) of 68 fl, reticulocyte...

  12. Protection against oxidative stress in beta thalassemia/hemoglobin E erythrocytes by inhibitors of glutathione efflux transporters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muanprasat, Chatchai; Wongborisuth, Chokdee; Pathomthongtaweechai, Nutthapoom; Satitsri, Saravut; Hongeng, Suradej

    2013-01-01

    In beta thalassemia/hemoglobin E (Hb E), abnormally high levels of oxidative stress account for accelerated senescence and increased destruction of erythrocytes. The present study aimed to investigate the role of glutathione efflux transporters, namely cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1), in the control of glutathione levels and protection against oxidative challenges in beta thalassemia/Hb E erythrocytes. We found that CFTR protein was expressed in the erythrocytes of beta thalassemia/Hb E patients. Treatments with GlyH-101 (50 µM), a small molecule CFTR inhibitor, and MK571 (50 µM), an MRP1 inhibitor, reduced H(2)O(2)-induced free radical generation in the erythrocytes by ?80% and 50%, respectively. Furthermore, combined treatment with GlyH-101 and MK571 completely abolished the induction of reactive oxygen radicals. Increased oxidative stress in the erythrocytes following H(2)O(2) challenges was accompanied by a decrease in intracellular level of reduced glutathione (GSH), which was prevented by treatments with GlyH-101 and MK571. CMFDA-based assays revealed that GlyH-101 and MK571 reduced H(2)O(2)-induced glutathione efflux from the erythrocytes by 87% and 66%, respectively. Interestingly, H(2)O(2)-induced osmotic tolerance of erythrocytes, a sign of erythrocyte aging, was ameliorated by treatment with GlyH-101. Our study indicates that oxidative stress induces glutathione efflux via CFTR and MRP1 in beta thalassemia/Hb E erythrocytes. Pharmacological inhibition of glutathione efflux represents a potential therapy to delay aging and premature destruction of erythrocytes in beta thalassemia/Hb E. PMID:23383265

  13. Beta-thalassemia- institution based analysis of ethnic and geographic distribution, effect of consanguinity and safety of chorionic villus sampling as a diagnostic, tool for pre-natal diagnosis in selected patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To study the ethnic and geographic distribution of Beta-thalassemia amongst the patients included and to study the effect of consanguinity in promoting this disease. Also, to establish the safety of CVS when used as a pre-natal diagnostic tool in aiding the early diagnosis of Beta-thalassemia in selected patients. Study Design: Descriptive Study. Place and Duration of Study: PNS Shifa Karachi, from Jan 2008 to Dec 2008. Patients and Methods: A total of 223 women out of 240 that were referred from all over Sindh to PNS Shifa Hospital Karachi for susceptible gene mutations participated in the study. The standard procedure that was used in this study was trans-abdominal aspiration of chorionic villi through suction needle. The samples were then sent for further analysis to the Pathology Department at PNS Shifa Hospital Karachi. Results: In our study population Beta-thalassemia was most prevalent in Sindhi 107 (48%) followed by Punjabi 46 (21%), 27 (12%) Pathan, and 43 (19%) Balochi. Out of 223 women, 95 were of thalassemia trait, while 85 were of thalassemia major. Fifty five percent of thalassemia trait and 56% of thalassemia major fetus parents were first cousins. The rate of pregnancy loss after performing CVS was 2.0% with no complications reported. Conclusion: It is concluded that highest percentage of thalassemia is in first cousins and sindhi origin families are mostly affected. However CVS is a safe and effective tool for prenatal diagnosis and subsequent counsel prenatal diagnosis and subsequent counselling in selected couples. (author)

  14. Effectiveness of deferiprone in transfusion-independent beta-thalassemia/HbE patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akrawinthawong, Krittapoom; Chaowalit, Nithima; Chatuparisuth, Thanasaporn; Siritanaratkul, Noppadol

    2011-03-01

    Beta-thalassemia/HbE (beta-thal/HbE) is a thalassemia intermedia (TI) which encompasses a broad spectrum of severity. Here, we used deferiprone (DFP) as an iron chelating agent in TI patients receiving intermittent blood transfusion who are asymptomatic for cardiovascular disease in order to evaluate the effectiveness in iron overload and reduce the possibility of cardiovascular complications. Thirty transfusion-independent beta-thal/HbE patients with iron overload were treated with DFP for 1?year. Hematological, biochemical, oxidative stress and echocardiographic parameters were determined. Serum ferritin, non-transferrin-bound iron, and malondialdehyde decreased significantly (P2500 ng/ml). DFP therapy alone improved iron overload and oxidative stress and compliance was good. We propose that prevention of pulmonary hypertension is also possible for TI undergoing intermittent blood transfusion. PMID:21418744

  15. Takayasu's arteritis presenting with temporary loss of vision in a 23-year-old woman with beta thalassemia trait: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Shabbir Fahad A; Ishaq Mohammad G

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Introduction The simultaneous presence of Takayasu's arteritis and beta thalassemia trait is a rare combination. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report on Takayasu's arteritis and beta thalassemia presenting together. Case presentation This is a case report of a 23-year-old Asian woman of Pakistani descent who presented with a headache, blurred vision and dizziness. Conclusion The correct diagnosis of our patient was based on clinical suspicion, appropriate imagi...

  16. Alpha-interferon treatment of chronic hepatitis C after bone marrow transplantation for homozygous beta-thalassemia.

    OpenAIRE

    Piga, Antonio

    1997-01-01

    No experience has been reported to date in treating chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with interferon (IFN) therapy after BMT, mainly due to concerns related to the impact of an immunomodulatory drug in patients who are immunologic and haematologic chimeras. However, chronic inflammatory activity related to HCV infection results in a chronic fibrogenous mechanism potentially leading to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Moreover, patients transplanted for beta-thalassemia c...

  17. The effects of beta-carotene and vitamin E on erythrocytes lipid peroxidation in beta-thalassemia patients

    OpenAIRE

    Soleiman Mahjoub; Ahmad Tamaddoni; Maseoud Zanjanchi Nikoo; Ali Akbar Moghadamnia

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Thalassemia is the most common hereditary disease in the world. Thalassemic erythrocytes are exposed to higher oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of beta-carotene and vitamin E on erythrocytes lipid peroxidation in beta-thalassemia patients.
    METHODS: A prospective double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effect of beta-carotene and vitamin E on lipi...

  18. Characterization of beta-thalassemia mutations in patients from the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zama Messala Luna da Silveira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available 35 unrelated individuals were studied for characterization as either heterozygous or homozygous for beta-thalassemia. Molecular analysis was done by PCR/RFLP to detect the mutations most commonly associated with beta-thalassemia (?0IVS-I-1, ?+IVS-I-6, and ?039. In the patients who showed none of these mutations, the beta-globin genes were sequenced. Of the 31 heterozygous patients, 13 (41.9% had the ?+IVS-I-6 mutation, 15 (48.4% the ?0IVS-I-1 mutation, 2 (6.5% the ?+IVS-I-110 mutation and 1 (3.2% the ?+IVS-I-5 mutation. IVS-I-6 was detected in the four homozygotes. The mutation in codon 39, often found in previous studies in Brazil, was not detected in the present case. This is the first study aiming at identifying mutations that determine beta-thalassemia in the state of Rio Grande do Norte.

  19. Multiple transfused thalassemia major: Ocular manifestations in a hospital-based population

    OpenAIRE

    Taneja Rashi; Malik Pankaj; Sharma Mamta; Agarwal Mahesh

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To study the ocular manifestations in multiple transfused beta-thalassemia major patients and assess the ocular side-effects of iron chelating agents. Materials and Methods: In this prospective observational study, 45 multiple transfused beta-thalassemia major children between six months and 21 years of age were enrolled and assigned groups according to the treatment regimens suggested. Group A received only blood transfusions, Group B blood transfusions with subcutaneous desferri...

  20. Effect of heterozygous beta thalassemia on the phosphorylative response to Plasmodium falciparum infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantaleo, Antonella; Ferru, Emanuela; Carta, Franco; Valente, Elena; Pippia, Proto; Turrini, Francesco

    2012-12-01

    Malaria parasites interact with the host cell membrane inserting new proteins and inducing oxidative and phosphorylative changes of erythrocyte proteins. In the present report we monitored the time dependent oxidative and phosphorylative modifications induced by parasites in heterozygous beta thalassemia (Het-?Thal). Het-?Thal causes mild anemia and is known to determine a pro-oxidant milieu and a protective effect against severe malaria. In malaria cultures Het-?Thal has been reported to induce accumulation of hemoglobin denaturation products. At early parasite development stages (rings), tyrosine hyper-phosphorylation of band 3 was the most notable modification, and at later development stages (trophozoites), additional membrane proteins displayed significant hyper-phosphorylation of their serine and tyrosine residues (adducins, ankyrin, catalase). Het-?Thal also caused membrane destabilization. Free radical scavengers effectively inhibited the phosphorylative response and membrane destabilization. Kinase inhibitors exerted similar effects suggesting a causal relationship between oxidative stress, membrane protein hyper-phosphorylation and increased membrane damage exacerbated by Het-?Thal. In conclusion, different lines of evidence suggest that Het-?Thal enhances the redox stress caused by malaria parasites inducing its protective effect destabilizing the host cell membrane. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Integrated omics. PMID:22960126

  1. Peripheral expression of hepcidin gene in Egyptian ?-thalassemia major.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aboul-Enein, Azza; El-Beshlawy, Amal; Hamdy, Mona; Shaheen, Iman; El-Saadany, Zainab; Samir, Ahmed; El-Samie, Hala Abd

    2015-06-15

    Iron overload is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in transfusion dependent ?-thalassemia major patients. There is a sophisticated balance of body iron metabolism of storage and transport which is regulated by several factors including the peptide hepcidin. Hepcidin is the main iron regulatory molecule; it is secreted mainly by the liver and other tissues including monocytes and lymphocytes. Expression of hepcidin in such cells is unclear and has been studied in few reports with controverted result. Peripheral expression of hepcidin was measured using quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) in 50 ?-thalassemia major patients, in addition to 20 healthy volunteers as a control group. Hepcidin levels in ?-thalassemia major patients showed statistically significant decrease in comparison to the control group, and was correlated to cardiac iron stores (T2*). However, hepcidin level was not different among the patients according to the HCV status or whether splenectomized or not. In conclusion; peripheral expression of hepcidin, in iron overloaded ?-thalassemia major patients, is a reflection of hepatic expression. It can be used as a molecular predictor for the severity of cardiac iron overload and can be used as a future target for therapy in ?-thalassemia major patients. PMID:25816754

  2. Better differential diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia from beta-thalassemia trait

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fakher Rahim

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA and beta-thalassemia trait (ß-TT are the most common forms of microcytic anemia. This study was conducted to compare the validity of various discrimination indices in differentiating ?-TT from IDA by calculating their sensitivity, specificity and Youden's index.Methods: Totally 323 subjects (173 children and 150 adults with microcytic anemia were involved in this study. We calculated 10 discrimination indices in all patients with IDA and ?-TT. We divided the patients into two different groups as younger or older than 10 years. Results: None of the indices showed sensitivity and specificity of 100% in the patients older than 10 years, and in the patients younger than 10 years, only Shine & Lal index showed sensitivity close to 90% and specificity of 100%. The most accurate discriminative index for patients younger than 10 years was Shine & Lal and for those older than 10 years it was RDW index. According to Youden's index, Shine & Lal and RBC count showed the greatest diagnostic value in patients younger than 10 years and RDW and RBC count indices in those older than 10 years. Conclusion: None of the indices was completely sensitive and specific in differentiation between ?-TT and IDA. Mean and median mean cell Hb density (MCHD were very close to normal values in both IDA and ?-TT patients, but in the case of mean density of Hb/liter (MDHL, we found that the mean and median were significantly higher than normal values in ?-TT and lower than normal values in IDA patients. In our study, Youden's index of RBC and Shine & Lal were the highest and most reliable indices in differentiating ?-TT from IDA in the patients younger than 10 years. For patients older than 10 years, the most reliable discrimination indices were RBC and RDW.

  3. An intracranial extramedullary hematopoiesis in a 34-year-old man with beta thalassemia: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tabesh Homayoun

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Extramedullary hematopoiesis occurs in approximately 15% of cases of thalassemia. Intracranial deposits of extramedullary hematopoiesis are an extremely rare compensatory process in intermediate and severe thalassemia. Case presentation We present an unusual case of an intracranial extramedullary hematopoiesis with a choroid plexus origin in a 34-year-old Caucasian man with beta thalassemia intermedia, who presented with the complaints of chronic headache and rapid progressive visual loss. Conclusion An intracranial extramedullary hematopoiesis, although extremely rare, should be considered as a potential ancillary diagnosis in any thalassemic patient and therefore appropriate studies should be performed to investigate the probable intracranial ectopic marrow before any surgical intervention.

  4. Takayasu's arteritis presenting with temporary loss of vision in a 23-year-old woman with beta thalassemia trait: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shabbir Fahad A

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The simultaneous presence of Takayasu's arteritis and beta thalassemia trait is a rare combination. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report on Takayasu's arteritis and beta thalassemia presenting together. Case presentation This is a case report of a 23-year-old Asian woman of Pakistani descent who presented with a headache, blurred vision and dizziness. Conclusion The correct diagnosis of our patient was based on clinical suspicion, appropriate imaging studies, and deliberation of the differential diagnosis. The management of our patient depended on the correct diagnosis of both the diseases.

  5. Peripheral Blood stem cell transplantation in children with Beta-thalassemia major

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To share the preliminary data on stem cell transplantation in Pakistan. Results: Engraftment was achieved in all patients except one who required a second dose of bone marrow graft on day +21. Median time to achieve absolute neutrophil count of > 0.5 x 10/sup 9/ /l was 9.0 days (range 8 - 31 days) and platelet count of > 20 x 10/sup 9/ /l was 14 days (12 - 35 days). Acute GVHD was seen in 3 patients, one patient had grade IV gut GVHD; another patient had grade III gut GVHD while third patient had grade II skin GVHD. Median hospital stay was 29 days. Six patients were well and transfusion independent 3 to 36 months post transplant. One episode of primary graft failure required a second dose of bone marrow harvest. Another episode of graft rejection received two doses of donor lymphocytes infusion. There were 4 deaths due to grade IV gut GVHD because of uncontrolled systemic Candida infection and one due to hepatic veno-occlusive (VOD) disease. Conclusion: Allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation can be safely and economically carried out in Pakistan. Although there had been 4 deaths during 36 months follow-up, with increasing understanding and experience the outcome is expected to improve. (author)

  6. Serum YKL-40 Levels and Chitotriosidase Activity in Patients with Beta-Thalassemia Major

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Musumeci; Vincenzo Caruso; Emilia Medulla; Venerando Torrisi; Roberta Migale; Silvia Angeletti; Salvatore Musumeci

    2014-01-01

    Background. YKL-40 association with human disease has been the object of many years of investigation. ?-thalassemia patients are affected by hepatic siderosis, which determines a fibrotic process and tissue remodelling. Chitotriosidase has been found to be increased in thalassemic patients returning to normal in patients submitted to bone marrow transplantation. YKL-40 is associated with macrophage activation in liver and in other tissues. The aim of the study was to analyse the level of seru...

  7. Rapid detection of common southeast Asian beta-thalassemia mutations by nonisotopic multiplex PCR-SSCP analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yip, S P; Fung, L F; Lo, S T H

    2004-01-01

    This report describes the detection of seven beta-thalassemia mutations common in Southeast Asia by amplifying three short PCR fragments in two separate tubes, followed by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis in single lanes. These mutations are -28 A --> G, codon 17 A --> T, IVS1 + 5 G --> C, codon 41/42 -CTTT, codon 43 G --> T, codon 71/72 + A, and IVS2 + 654 C --> T, and account for 70% to over 95% of the cases in this region. This rapid nonisotopic method was also found capable of detecting other mutations within the amplified fragments. It is simple, rapid, and cheap, and thus suitable for carrier screening and prenatal diagnosis in Southeast Asia. PMID:15345105

  8. Hemoglobina C em homozigose e interação com talassemia beta / Homozygous hemoglobin C and its interaction with beta thalassemia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ivan L., Angulo; Sandra B. R., Picado.

    Full Text Available A hemoglobina C (Hb C) é originária do oeste da África e é detectada por migração lenta na eletroforese alcalina em acetato de celulose. Consiste na mutação do gene da globina beta no códon 6 (GAG-AAG), resultando na substituição do sexto aminoácido da cadeia beta da hemoglobina humana, o ácido glut [...] âmico, pelo aminoácido lisina. A cromatografia de alto desempenho (HPLC) separa completamente as frações C e A2, permitindo caracterizar a presença da interação com talassemia beta. Esta entidade (Hb CC, em homozigoze) é considerada benigna em relação à doença falciforme, já que a falcização não faz parte de sua fisiopatologia. A raridade do diagnóstico C homozigoto e C talassemia beta nos pacientes portadores de hemoglobinopatias nos alertou para a necessidade de se conhecer melhor e estudar aspectos clínicos e hematológicos dos casos dessa mutação em homozigose e na interação com a talassemia beta no ambulatório de anemias do Centro Regional de Hematologia e Hemoterapia de Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil. Abstract in english Hemoglobin C (Hb C) originated in the west of Africa and is detected by alkaline electrophoresis by slow migration in cellulose acetate. It consists of a mutation of the beta globin gene in codon 6 (GAG-AAG), resulting in a substitution of glutamic acid, the sixth amino acid of the beta string of th [...] e human hemoglobin, for lysine. High performance chromatography (HPLC) separates the C and A2 fractions completely, allowing the characterization of the presence of interactions with thalassemia beta. This entity (Hb CC) is considered benign in respect to sickle cell disease, as sickle cells are not part of its physiopathology. The rarity of the diagnosis of homozygous C and beta thalassemia in patients with hemoglobinopathies showed the necessity of studying clinical and hematologic aspects of the cases of this mutation in homozygosis carriers and the interaction with beta thalassemia in the anemias clinic of the Regional Blood Center in Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil.

  9. Perfil de beta talassemia heterozigota obtido a partir de análise data mining em banco de dados The profile of beta thalassemia obtained by data mining analysis in a database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana L. B. Domingos

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Variations in the phenotypic expression of heterozygous beta thalassemia reflect the formation of different populations. To better understand the profile of heterozygous beta-thalassemia of the Brazilian population, we aimed at establishing parameters to direct the diagnosis of carriers and calculate the frequency from information stored in an electronic database. Using a Data Mining tool, we evaluated information on 10,960 blood samples deposited in a relational database. Over the years, improved diagnostic technology has facilitated the elucidation of suspected beta thalassemia heterozygote cases with an average frequency of 3.5% of referred cases. We also found that the Brazilian beta thalassemia trait has classic increases of Hb A2 and Hb F (60%, mainly caused by mutations in beta zero thalassemia, especially in the southeast of the country.

  10. Comparison of red cell distribution width and a red cell discriminant function incorporating volume dispersion for distinguishing iron deficiency from beta thalassemia trait in patients with microcytosis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carmen Silvia Passos, Lima; Aparecida Ribeiro de Carvalho, Reis; Helena Zerlotti Wolf, Grotto; Sara Teresinha Ollala, Saad; Fernando Ferreira, Costa.

    1265-12-01

    Full Text Available A função discriminante baseada na distribuição do tamanho dos eritrócitos (RDW) e outra função discriminante incorporando o RDW (MCV² x RDW/Hgb x 100) foram determinadas em um grupo de 30 pacientes com anemia ferropriva, 30 pacientes com beta talassemia menor e 30 indivíduos normais. Os valores médi [...] os do RDW e do (MCV² x RDW/ Hgb x 100) foram significativamente maiores em pacientes com anemia ferropriva quando comparados aos obtidos em pacientes com beta talassemia menor (p Abstract in english The red cell distribution width (RDW), and another red cell discriminant function incorporating RDW (MCV² x RDW/Hgb x 100) were determined in a group of 30 patients with iron deficiency anemia, 30 patients with beta thalassemia trait, and 30 normal subjects. Both RDW and (MCV² x RDW/Hgb x 100) mean [...] values were significantly higher in iron deficiency anemia than in beta thalassemia trait (p

  11. [Medical genetic study of the population of Uzbekistan. V. The frequency of heterozygous beta-thalassemia in 4 kishlaks of Urgut District, Samarkand Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asanov, A Iu; Revazov, A A; Gar'kavtseva, R F; Za?tseva, V M; Solov'eva, N N

    1978-01-01

    A subject of this investigation is the results of the subtotal examination of 4 villages for the detection of heterozygous beta-thalassemic carriers. 848 persons (55.5% of the registered population) have been examined. The mean frequency of the beta-Th gene was 0.0159, FST-Wahlund--0.00975. Statistically significant differences in the gene frequencies between villages have been revealed (p less than 0.01). The study of genetic distances (by Edwards) has revealed no intertribe differences in gene frequencies. The comparison of findings of the present study with other similar investigations enabled to account for the detected differences in the frequencies of beta-thalassemia as a result of the genetic drift. The importance of choosing populations for the study and methods for detection heterozygous beta-thalassemia are discussed. PMID:154429

  12. Twenty-year outcome analysis of genetic screening programs for Tay-Sachs and beta-thalassemia disease carriers in high schools.

    OpenAIRE

    Mitchell, J. J.; Capua, A.; Clow, C.; Scriver, C. R.

    1996-01-01

    Programs for education, screening, and counseling of senior-high-school students, in populations at high risk for Tay-Sachs and beta-thalassemia diseases, have existed for >20 years in Montreal. Four process and outcome variables are reported here: (i) voluntary participation rates in the high-school cohort; (ii) uptake rates for the screening test; (iii) origin of carrier couples seeking the prenatal diagnosis option in the programs; and (iv) change in incidence of the two diseases. Between ...

  13. Genotyping of Kell, Duffy, Kidd and RHD in patients with beta Thalassemia Genotipagem dos sistemas Kell, Duffy, Kidd e RHD em pacientes com beta Talassemia

    OpenAIRE

    Lilian Castilho; Maria Rios; Jordão Pellegrino Jr; Maria H. M. Carvalho; Fernando L. Alberto; Sara T.O. Saad; Fernando F. Costa

    2000-01-01

    Determination of Rh, Kell, Duffy and Kidd phenotypes in addition to ABO is used to prevent the alloimmunization to red blood cells (RBCs) antigens and as part of the antibody identification process in patients with beta Thalassemia. However, phenotyping in these patients can be time consuming and difficult to interpret. In these situations, it would be valuable to have an alternative to hemagglutination tests to determine the patient's antigen profile. We used PCR-RFLP to genotype such patien...

  14. A phase 3 study of deferasirox (ICL670), a once-daily oral iron chelator, in patients with beta-thalassemia

    OpenAIRE

    PIGA, Antonio Giulio

    2006-01-01

    Deferasirox (ICL670) is a once-daily oral iron chelator developed for the treatment of chronic iron overload from blood transfusions. A comparative phase 3 trial was conducted to demonstrate the efficacy of deferasirox in regularly transfused patients with beta-thalassemia aged 2 years or older. Patients were randomized and received treatment with deferasirox (n = 296) or deferoxamine (n = 290), with dosing of each according to baseline liver iron concentration (LIC). The primary endpoint was...

  15. Safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of ICL670, a new orally active iron-chelating agent in patients with transfusion-dependent iron overload due to beta-thalassemia

    OpenAIRE

    PIGA, Antonio Giulio

    2003-01-01

    ICL670 is an orally active representative of a new class of tridentate iron chelator developed for the treatment of blood transfusion-dependent iron overload in chronic anemias. In this randomized, double-blind study, patients with transfusion-dependent beta-thalassemia received single oral doses of ICL670 ranging from 2.5 to 80 mg/kg to investigate its safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics and to obtain preliminary information on pharmacodynamic effects. ICL670 was well tolerated, and n...

  16. Comparative Effects of Three Iron Chelation Therapies on the Quality of Life of Greek Patients with Homozygous Transfusion-Dependent Beta-Thalassemia

    OpenAIRE

    Vasilis Goulas; Alexandra Kourakli-Symeonidis; Charalambos Camoutsis

    2012-01-01

    This prospective study assessed the quality of life of patients with homozygous transfusion-dependent beta-thalassemia in Greece receiving three different iron chelation treatments. Patients enrolled were receiving one of the following chelation therapies: deferoxamine (n = 21), deferasirox (n = 75), or deferoxamine in combination with deferiprone (n = 39). The three groups were compared in terms of their quality of life, satisfaction and adherence to treatment, control of their health, and s...

  17. Extraosseous radiotracer uptake on bone scan in beta-thalassemia: report of one case; Fixation extraosseuse du radiotraceur lors de la realisation d'une scintigraphie du squelette chez un patient atteint de beta-thalassemie: a propos d'un cas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guezguez, M.; Nouira, M.; Sfar, R.; Chatti, K.; Ben Fradj, M.; Ben Ali, K.; Ajmi, S.; Essabbah, H. [CHU Sahloul, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, Sousse (Tunisia); Zrour, S. [EPS F. Bourguiba, Service de Rhumatologie, Monastir (Tunisia)

    2009-10-15

    Red blood cell transfusion, main therapeutic modality of beta-thalassemia, leads to iron overload which may perturb several metabolic ways. The aim of this paper is to illustrate the uptake abnormalities observed on bone scan of thalassaemic patients and to discuss mechanisms of extraosseous accumulation of the radiopharmaceutical in this pathology. We report a 16-year-old child suffering from beta-thalassemia major undergoing transfusion therapy. A bone scan was indicated to look for osseous infection. This study revealed a little skeletal uptake and abnormal liver, splenic and renal accumulation. A repeat bone scan, performed three weeks later showed a better skeletal uptake which enabled the discovery of focal abnormalities and made the diagnostic easier. The effect of iron overload on radiopharmaceuticals uptake in bone scan is known since 1975. Dissociation of {sup 99m}Tc from the carrier ligand due to the presence of iron excess seems the most plausible hypothesis. Free {sup 99m}Tc can be bound to other tissular substrates which can explain extraosseous uptake. The normally available pool for bone is reduced and then the skeletal uptake decreased. This report limits considerably the sensitivity of the bone scan. A well-led iron chelation and eventually the use of diuretic drug may guarantee a better quality of bone scan images. (authors)

  18. beta-thalassaemia major hos børn og unge i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jung, Anne; Main, Katharina Maria

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Beta-thalassemia major occurs with increasing frequency among Danish children as a result of immigration. The aim of the study was to estimate the occurrence of beta-thalassemia major in Denmark, analyse the treatment and organ functions, and identify areas for an improved treatment strategy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During 1998-99 all Danish pediatric departments were contacted for identification of children aged 0-18 years with beta-thalassemia major. Blood transfusions and chelation therapy were registered, and for Eastern Denmark clinical, endocrine, cardiac, and serologic parameters were performed. RESULTS: Twenty-six children had beta-thalassemia major. Out of these, 20 received blood transfusions, and 17 patients were chelated. Eight patients were not chelated owing to previous bone marrow transplantation, treatment with hydroxyurea or ferritin < 2000 micrograms/l and young age. One patient had died. The body height was between 1.5 and -5.4 SDS (median -1.7) and the sitting height was -0.6 to -5.6 SDS (median -2.3). The bone age was delayed 1-5 years (median -2.5) in six out of ten examined patients, and puberty delayed in four out of five. A dilated left ventricle was documented in one out of eight patients examined. All patients were HIV and hepatitis C negative. For 75% of the children, the parents were related. DISCUSSION: Children and adolescents with beta-thalassemia major in Denmark experience major heterogenicity with regard to treatment and late effects. An earlier and more effective iron chelation therapy together with improved patient support may reduce growth disturbances and endocrine and cardiac late effects. Udgivelsesdato: 2002-Dec-2

  19. Insulin-like growth factor-1 levels in children with Beta-thalassemia minor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehran Karimi

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Growth retardation in children with b-thalassemia major is multifactorial. Some etiologies described for this condition are hemochromatosis, disturbed growth hormone (GH / insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1 axis, undernutrition and hypermetabolism. It has also been proven that growth retardation is present in b-thalassemia major children despite regular transfusion and chelation. Our aim was to evaluate the level of IGF-1 in b-thalassemia minor subjects and compare it with that in healthy children. Material and Methods: Fifty children aged 6 months to 15 years with b-thalassemia minor (32 males, 18 females and 50 age- and sex-matched normal healthy children were selected. Medical history was taken and complete physical examination was done in each case; IGF-1 level was checked in all cases. This study was done in Shiraz, southern Iran, during 2005.Results: IGF-1 levels were significantly lower in b-thalassemia minor children than normal children (P = 0.015. This result demonstrates that some etiologies of growth failure in b-thalassemia major other than those described to date can exist, which may be shared with b-thalassemia minor in feature or may be transformed by genes that are either expressed or not.Conclusion: We conclude that in addition to that observed in b-thalassemia major, IGF-1 level is also decreased in b-thalassemia minor, and these two may have similar etiologies.

  20. Factor V G1691A (Leiden is a major etiological factor in Egyptian Budd-Chiari syndrome patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tawhida Y. Abdel Ghaffar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Budd-Chiari syndrome is a multifactorial disease in which several prothrombotic disorders may predispose patients to the development of thrombosis at this uncommon location (hepatic veins. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of inherited thrombophilia in Egyptian Budd-Chiari syndrome patients.Materials and Methods: The study included 47 Budd-Chiari syndrome patients (20 children and 27 adults. Genotyping of Factor V G1691A (Leiden, prothrombin G20210A (PT, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T were performed using real-time PCR and fluorescence melting curve detection analysis.Results: Factor V Leiden was observed in 29 patients (61.7%. It is the only factor that caused Budd-Chiari syndrome in 18 of the patients and in 5 of the patients with inferior vena cava involvement. Myeloproliferative disease was noted in 12 (25.5% patients, antiphospholipid syndrome in 5 (10.6%, and Behcet’s disease in 3 (6.4%. Interestingly, 3 of the children with Budd-Chiari syndrome had lipid storage disease.Conclusion: Factor V Leiden was a major etiological factor in Egyptian Budd-Chiari syndrome patients, which may have been related to the high frequency of this mutation in the study region. Factor V Leiden was also a strong thrombophilic factor and the leading cause of inferior vena cava thrombosis in these patients. Lipid storage disease should be included as a risk factor for Budd-Chiari syndrome.

  1. Growth pattern in children with beta-thalassemia major and its relation with serum ferritin, IGF1 and IGFBP3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona Ramadan Nasr

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Growth impairment in children with Betathalassemiamajor (BTM has several possible etiologiesincluding excess iron overload and endocrinologic abnormalities.We aimed to assess growth in children withBTM and its relation with serum ferritin, thyroid hormones,IGF1 and IGFBP3.Materials and methods: Thirty-three children with BTMand 30 healthy children (control group matched in age,sex and height were subjected to full clinical history andexamination, including anthropometric measurements.Fasting blood samples from both groups were taken forcomplete blood counts, fasting blood sugar, liver functiontests, serum ferritin, thyroid profiles, IGF1 and IGFBP3.Bone ages for both groups were determined radiologically.Results: A total of 57.6% of BTM group had retardedlinear growth and 45.5% of them were with delayed puberty.There was statistical significant decrease in upper/lower segment (U/L ratio in the BTM group comparedto the control group (p=0.035. No apparent hypothyroidismwas found in the thalassemia group, but significantdecreases were found in both IGF1 and IGFBP3 levels ofthe thalassemia group compared with the control group(p=0.022 and p=0.037, respectively. There was a significantcorrelation between T4 and U/L ratio (p<0.05; IGF1was significantly correlated with height, duration of transfusionsand duration of chelation (p<0.05. No significantcorrelation was found between serum ferritin and othervariables of the patients.Conclusions: Growth retardation in children with BTM isevident despite regular transfusions and chelation therapy,especially in children with older age and the cause ismainly in growth hormone-IGF1 and IGFBP3 axis. J ClinExp Invest 2012; 3(2: 157-163

  2. Assessment of the energy requirements and selected options facing major consumers within the Egyptian industrial and agricultural sectors. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-05-31

    The objectives of the energy assessment study of Egypt are to develop an understanding of the current status of the principal energy users in Egypt's industrial and agricultural sectors; to estimate the energy demand and efficiency for each selected subsector within these major sectors; to identify opportunities for fuel type changes, technology switches, or production pattern changes which might increase the efficiency with which Egypt's energy is used both now and in the future: and based on options identified, to forecast energy efficiencies for selected Egyptian subsectors for the years 1985 and 2000. Study results are presented for the iron and steel, aluminium, fertilizer, chemical, petrochemical, cement, and textile industries and automotive manufacturers. Study results for drainage, irrigation, and mechanization procedures in the agricultural sector and food processing sector are also presented. (MCW)

  3. High-throughput beta-thalassemia carrier screening by allele-specific Q-primer real-time polymerase chain reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaokun; Law, Hai Yang; Tan, Yuen Ming; Hong, Yan

    2010-09-01

    Based on a novel Q-primer real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system, we designed allele-specific Q-primers for the detection of three beta-thalassemia mutations [Cd41/42(-TCTT), IVSI nt5 (G>C), and IVSII nt654 (C>T)] that have a high carrier frequency in Southeast Asia. With clear distinction between heterozygote and wild-type, DeltaC(t) (threshold cycle) values were defined. The results of evaluating 139 blinded samples by our system match perfectly with those obtained by the conventional reverse dot blot (RDB) method. With a 384-well plate that included replicates in the same analysis, our throughput reached 190 reactions per run with a turnaround time as short as 130 min, and the cost of consumables was as low as $1 (US) for each test. PMID:20433808

  4. Total Antioxidant Status in Patients with Major ?-Thalassemia

    OpenAIRE

    Fatemeh Bazvand; Sedigheh Shams; Mahtab Borji Esfahani; Lili Koochakzadeh; Maryam Monajemzadeh; Mohammad-Taghi Haghi Ashtiani; Nima Rezaei

    2011-01-01

    Objective:Beta-thalassemia major is an autosomal recessive disease causing severe and hemolytic anemia, which begins about 2-6 months after birth. Iron overload, which arises from recurrent transfusion and ineffective erythropoiesis, can enhance oxidative stress in thalassemic patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum total antioxidant capacity of patients with ß-Thalassemia major. Methods:Sixty six Iranian patients with ?-thalassemia major and 66 age-gender matched...

  5. Ancient Egyptian Astronomical Calander

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Patrice; Lodhi, M. A. K.

    2001-03-01

    In this paper, we discuss how certain astronomical concepts are related to the ancient Egyptian culture and their daily life. One of them is different ways of creating their calendar systems. The ancient Egyptian calendar seems to have quite a bit of its origin in astronomy and its development over the course of history. There is an important role played by events, as determined in the heavens, in developing their calendar system. Along with astronomical observations by the ancient people of Egypt, there were several outside cultures that helped develop their calendar system and Egyptian idea of how life was created on this planet, most notably the inclusion of the star Sirius in the constellation of Canis Major. We give a brief discussion of these influences. For the ancient Egyptians, the cycle of life and death is a concept that ties in with a calendar system used to determine daily events.

  6. Evaluating the role of indirect bilirubin, urobilinogen and Shine AND Lal index as an alternative screening tool for beta thalassemia minor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridham A. Khanderia

    2015-06-01

    Methods: The present study was conducted on 100 (n=100 subjects in blood bank, department of pathology, government medical college Rajkot, Gujarat, India. In first group 50 subjects (Thalassemia minor were selected while in second group 50 (n2=50 normal individuals from hospital staff were selected. Complete-haemogram, serum-direct, indirect and total bilirubin, urine urobilinogen and their sensitivity and specificity were calculated. Results: Of the 50 cases in test group, 41 had higher Indirect Bilirubin level (>0.7 mg/dl, 35 had high urobilinogen level (>1 mg/dl. In control group out of 50 cases, 3 had high indirect bilirubin levels, 4 had high urobilinogen levels. Indirect-bilirubin had sensitivity of 82%, specificity of 94%. Urobilinogen showed sensitivity of 70% and specificity of 92%. Conclusion: Indirect bilirubin and urine-urobilinogen is a valuable, cost-effective screening test for beta-thalassemia-trait with sensitivity and specificity comparable to RBC indices. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(3.000: 730-737

  7. Integrative proteome and transcriptome analysis of extramedullary erythropoiesis and its reversal by transferrin treatment in a mouse model of beta-thalassemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallelian, Florence; Gelderman-Fuhrmann, Monique P; Schaer, Christian A; Puglia, Michele; Opitz, Lennart; Baek, Jin Hyen; Vostal, Jaroslav; Buehler, Paul W; Schaer, Dominik J

    2015-02-01

    Beta-thalassemia results from mutations of the ?-hemoglobin (Hbb) gene and reduced functional Hbb synthesis. Excess ?-Hb causes globin chain aggregation, oxidation, cytoskeletal damage, and increased red blood cell clearance. These events result in anemia, altered iron homeostasis, and expansion of extramedullary erythropoiesis. Serum transferrin (Tf) is suggested to be an important regulator of erythropoiesis in murine models of thalassemia. The present study was conducted to establish a quantitative proteomic and transcriptomic analysis of transferrin-modulated extramedullary erythropoiesis in the spleen of wild type and thalassemic Hbb(th3/+) mice. Our LC-MS/MS protein analysis and mRNA sequencing data provide quantitative expression estimates of 1590 proteins and 24,581 transcripts of the murine spleen and characterize key processes of erythropoiesis and RBC homeostasis such as the whole heme synthesis pathway as well as critical components of the red blood cell antioxidant systems and the proliferative cell cycling pathway. The data confirm that Tf treatment of nontransfused Hbb(th3/+) mice induces a systematic correction of these processes at a molecular level. Tf treatment of Hbb(th3/+) mice for 60 days leads to a complete molecular restoration of the normal murine spleen phenotype. These findings support further investigation of plasma-derived Tf as a treatment for thalassemia. PMID:25566950

  8. Egyptian Measuring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Children's Museum of Houston

    2014-09-19

    In this activity, learners compare the ancient Egyptian system of measurement, which was based on body lengths, to the customary and metric systems used today. Learners measure their height using the metric, customary, and Egyptian systems and compare the results. This activity guide contains sample questions to ask, literary connections, extensions, and alignment to local and national standards.

  9. Egyptian Constellations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lull, José; Belmonte, Juan Antonio

    The ancient Egyptians had a wide range of constellations, which populated the skies of ancient Egypt (see Chap. 133, "Orientation of Egyptian Temples: An Overview", 10.1007/978-1-4614-6141-8_146) for more than three millennia, whose knowledge has come to us through lists of stars and other representations which have mainly appeared in a dozen of coffins, a few clepsydrae, and a good set of astronomical ceilings. Hence, by making very simple assumptions and using the information provided by the ancient Egyptian sky-watchers, it is possible to uncover a great part of the ancient Egyptian firmament. This celestial tapestry was populated by the images of animals, symbols, and divinities that were most significant in understanding the Egyptian interpretation of the cosmos.

  10. Comparing prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia and Beta Thalassemia Trait in microcytic and non-microcytic blood donors: suggested algorithm for donor screening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiwari Aseem

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of microcytosis in donors and Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA and Beta-Thalassemia trait (BTT in microcytic and non-microcytic donors has not been studied in India. The present study aims at finding the same. Materials and Methods: Initially 925 donor samples were evaluated on cell-counter. Of these, 50 were found to be microcytic. These were subjected to Ferritin and HbA2 determination. Subsequently, an additional 51, age-and-sex matched non-microcytic donor samples were selected to serve as controls. These were subjected to the same tests. Results: The prevalence of microcytosis was 5.4% (50/925. Among the microcytic donors, 52% were IDA, 36% BTT, 8% both, and 4% none. In case of non-microcytic donors 29.4% were IDA, 3.9% BTT, and 66.7% none. Conclusions: The study revealed a high prevalence of IDA and BTT in blood donors and a higher probability of finding these in the microcytic samples. This prompted authors to suggest an algorithm for screening of blood donors for IDA and BTT. The algorithm recommends doing an hemogram on all donor samples, routinely. Ferritin could be done only in microcytic samples. At levels lower than15 ng/ml, it is diagnosed as IDA, and therefore, HPLC is performed only for non-IDA samples with Ferritin levels higher than 15 ng/ml. By employing this algorithm, a substantial number of IDA and BTT could be diagnosed while keeping the number of Ferritin tests small and the number of HPLC tests even smaller and thus making it cost efficient.

  11. Genotyping of Kell, Duffy, Kidd and RHD in patients with beta Thalassemia / Genotipagem dos sistemas Kell, Duffy, Kidd e RHD em pacientes com beta Talassemia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Lilian, Castilho; Maria, Rios; Jordão, Pellegrino Jr; Maria H. M., Carvalho; Fernando L., Alberto; Sara T. O., Saad; Fernando F., Costa.

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available A determinação dos fenótipos Rh, Kell, Duffy e Kidd, associada ao ABO é utilizada para prevenir a aloimunização a antígenos eritrocitários e participam também no processo de identificação de anticorpos nos pacientes com beta talassemia. Todavia, a fenotipagem desses pacientes é trabalhosa e de difíc [...] il interpretação. Nesta situação, deve ser avaliada uma alternativa ao teste de hemaglutinação para determinar o padrão antigênico dos pacientes. Utilizamos para tal fim o método PCR-RFLP. Foram preparados DNAs de 50 pacientes com beta talassemia que haviam sido anteriormente fenotipados pela hamglutinação e testados para Kell, Kidd, Duffy/GATA mutação por PCR-RFLP. RHD/não-D foi analisado pelo tamanho do produto, do PCR associado à seqüência do gene RHD no intron 4 e exon 10/3' UTR. Os testes de genotipagem foram realizados sem o conhecimento dos resultados dos fenótipos. Para os RHD/não-D, 47 foram RhD+ e RHD+/RHCE+, e 3 foram RhD- e RHD-/RHCE+. Para o Kell, 48 kk foram K2K2 e 2 Kk foram K1K2. Para o Duffy, das 44 amostras que haviam sido normais, GATA box, 8 Fy(a+b-) foram FYA/FYA, 15 Fy(a+b-) foram FYB/FYB e 19 Fy(a+b+) foram FYA/FYB; das outras 4 amostras, 3 foram FYA/FYB e heterozigoto GATA mutação, e 1 Fy(a-b-) era FYB/FYB, homozigoto GATA mutação. Duas amostras fenotipadas como Fy(a+b-), que eram normais GATA, apresentavam as mutações 265T/298A e 2 amostras fenotipadas como Fy(a-b+) haviam sido genotipadas como FYA/FYB. Para o Kidd, 15 Jk(a+b-) foram JKA/JKA, 12 Jk(a-b+) foram JKB/JKB, e 20 Jk(a+b+) foram JKA/JKB. Três amostras fenotipadas como JK(a+b+) haviam sido genotipadas como JKB/JKB. A genotipagem é mais acurada que a fenotipagem para determinação de grupos sangüíneos em pacientes portadores de beta talassemia politransfundidos. A genotipagem nesses pacientes pode ser importante para selecionar hemácias antigenicamente negativas para transfusão de glóbulos vermelhos. Abstract in english Determination of Rh, Kell, Duffy and Kidd phenotypes in addition to ABO is used to prevent the alloimmunization to red blood cells (RBCs) antigens and as part of the antibody identification process in patients with beta Thalassemia. However, phenotyping in these patients can be time consuming and di [...] fficult to interpret. In these situations, it would be valuable to have an alternative to hemagglutination tests to determine the patient's antigen profile. We used PCR-RFLP to genotype such patients. DNA was prepared from 50 patients with beta Thalassemia who had been phenotyped by routine hemagglutination, and tested for Kell, Kidd, Duffy/GATA mutation by PCR-RFLP. RHD/non-D was analysed by PCR product size associated to RHD gene sequence in intron 4 and exon 10/3'UTR. The genotyping assays were performed without knowledge of phenotype results. For RHD/non-D, 47 were RhD+ and RHD+/RHCE+, and 3 were RhD- and RHD-/RHCE+. For Kell, 48 kk were K2K2 and 2 Kk were K1K2. For Duffy, of 44 samples that had normal GATA box, 8 Fy(a+b-) were FYA/FYA, 15 Fy(a+b+) were FYB/FYB, and 19 Fy(a+b+) were FYA/FYB; of the other 4 samples 3 were FYA/FYB and heterozygous GATA mutation, and 1 Fy(a-b-) was FYB/FYB, homozygous GATA mutation. Two samples phenotyped as Fy(a+b-) that had normal GATA , presented the 265T/298A mutations and two samples phenotyped as Fy(a-b+) were genotyped was FYA/FYB.. For Kidd , 15 Jk(a+b) were JKA/JKA, 12 Jk(a-b+) were JKB/JKB, and 20 Jk(a+b+) were JKA/JKB. Three samples phenotyped as JK(a+b+) were genotyped as JKB/JKB. Genotype is more accurate than phenotype for determination of blood groups in polytransfused patients with betaThalassemia. Genotyping in these patients can be helpful to select antigen-negative RBCs for transfusion.

  12. Lasting Hb F reactivation and Hb A2 reduction induced by the treatment of Hodgkin's disease in a woman heterozygous for beta-thalassemia and the Swiss type of the heterocellular hereditary persistence of Hb F.

    OpenAIRE

    GUERRASIO, Angelo

    1982-01-01

    A remarkable augmentation of Hb F and a reduction of Hb A2 were observed in a Sicilian woman during and after a course of treatment for Hodgkin's disease. An inverse correlation between the proportion of Hb F and Hb A2 was found over an 8-year period, as well as in populations of red blood cells fractionated by density gradient. She exhibited two genetic defects, the Swiss type of heterocellular hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin and a beta-thalassemia trait, which were confirmed by t...

  13. Egyptian gas for sale

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Israel, Jordan, Palestine, the Lebanon, Turkey and Italy all have at least one factor in common: they're potential customers for Egyptian gas. Once under-used, this major resource is now set to become a valuable export commodity by the turn of the century. (author)

  14. Prevalence of Diabetes and Impaired Glucose Tolerance Test in Patients with Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Jahantigh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Diabetes is one of the most common endocrine disorder worldwide that due to high prevalence and chronic nature of diabetes imposes a heavy cost on health care system. Therefore this study aimed to assess prevalence of diabetes among patients with beta thalassemia major. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 364 patients with beta thalassemia major that received at least 100 blood bags. For evaluation of diabetes among these patients, fasting blood sugar and glucose tolerance test were done. Finally relationship between age, gender, age at beginning of transfusion and chelating therapy with occurrence of diabetes were analysis by SPSS-17 software. Results: Among 364 patients with mean age of 17.7±4.9 years prevalence of diabetes was 15.1% (58 patients that 37.9% (22 patients were women and 62.1 (38 patients were men5T. Conclusion: Due to high prevalence of diabetes in patients with beta thalassemia major, regular check up for endocrine disorders should be consider in these patients5T.5T

  15. Thalassemia major: A report of two cases with severe skeletal involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bumbaširevi? M.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Beta thalassemia major is rare in Serbia. Previously incurable, affected patients now live to adulthood with regular blood transfusions. The improvement in supportive treatment over recent decades has given rise to many more patients suffering from the associated metabolic complications of anemia and iron overload, such as osteopenia and other skeletal changes. We present two patients with severe beta thalassemia major from early childhood, who encountered pathological long-bone fractures during the clinical course of their disease. One suffered a distal femoral diaphyseal fracture, and the second a distal tibia fracture. Both fractures occurred in osteopenic bone and were managed non-operatively due to the patients' general medical condition. Despite intense medical intervention, both patients died from disease progression within one year of their fractures, aged 23 and 24 years. As life expectancy rises it is anticipated that an increased number of beta thalassemia major patients will suffer pathological long-bone and other osteoporotic fractures. These fractures appear to both herald and contribute to a general clinical deterioration of this disease. Advances in stem-cell technology may hold the key for a definitive cure.

  16. On improvement in ejection fraction with iron chelation in thalassemia major and the risk of future heart failure

    OpenAIRE

    Carpenter JP; Pennell DJ; Roughton M; Cabantchik ZI

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Trials of iron chelator regimens have increased the treatment options for cardiac siderosis in beta-thalassemia major (TM) patients. Treatment effects with improved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) have been observed in patients without overt heart failure, but it is unclear whether these changes are clinically meaningful. Methods This retrospective study of a UK database of TM patients modelled the change in EF between serial scans measured by cardiovascular m...

  17. Genetics Home Reference: Beta thalassemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... from Mediterranean countries, North Africa, the Middle East, India, Central Asia, and Southeast Asia. What genes are ... Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language. What does it mean if a disorder seems ...

  18. Genotypes and haplotypes in the 3' untranslated region of the HLA-G gene and their association with clinical outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for beta-thalassemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sizzano, F; Testi, M; Zito, L; Crocchiolo, R; Troiano, M; Mazzi, B; Turchiano, G; Torchio, M; Pultrone, C; Gregori, S; Chiesa, R; Gaziev, J; Sodani, P; Marktel, S; Amoroso, A; Roncarolo, M G; Lucarelli, G; Ciceri, F; Andreani, M; Fleischhauer, K

    2012-05-01

    Polymorphisms in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of HLA-G, an important player in immunological tolerance, could be involved in post-transcriptional expression control, and their association with different clinical immune-related conditions including autoimmunity and transplantation is of mounting interest. Most studies have focused on a 14 base pair (bp) insertion/deletion (ins/del), while additional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the HLA-G 3'UTR have been described but not extensively investigated for their clinical relevance. Here we have comparatively studied the association between 3'UTR haplotypes of HLA-G, or the 14 bp ins/del, with clinical outcome of HLA-identical sibling hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in 147 Middle Eastern beta-thalassemia patients. Sequence based typing of 3'UTR HLA-G polymorphisms in the patients and in 102 healthy Italian blood donors showed strong linkage disequilibrium between the 14 bp ins/del and five 3'UTR SNPs, which together could be arranged into eight distinct haplotypes based on expectation-maximization studies, with four predominant haplotypes (UTRs1-4). After HSCT, we found a moderate though not significant association between the presence of UTR-2 in double dose and protection from acute graft versus host disease (hazard ratio (HR) 0.45, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.14-1.45; P = 0.18), an effect that was also seen when the corresponding 14 bp ins/ins genotype was considered alone (HR 0.42, 95% CI: 0.16-1.06; P = 0.07). No association was found with rejection or survival. Taken together, our data show that there is no apparent added value of considering entire 3'UTR HLA-G haplotypes for risk prediction after allogeneic HSCT for beta-thalassemia. PMID:22489942

  19. Estimates of the effect on hepatic iron of oral deferiprone compared with subcutaneous desferrioxamine for treatment of iron overload in thalassemia major: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Caro. J.; Huybrechts Krista F; Green Traci C

    2002-01-01

    Abstract Background Beta thalassemia major requires regular blood transfusions and iron chelation to alleviate the harmful accumulation of iron. Evidence on the efficacy and safety of the available agents, desferrioxamine and deferiprone, is derived from small, non-comparative, heterogeneous observational studies. This evidence was reviewed to quantitatively compare the ability of these chelators to reduce hepatic iron. Methods The literature was searched using Medline and all reports address...

  20. Effect of hepatic iron concentration and viral factors in chronic hepatitis C-infected patients with thalassemia major, treated with interferon and ribavirin

    OpenAIRE

    Jafroodi M; Asadi R; Heydarzadeh A; Besharati S

    2011-01-01

    Maryam Jafroodi, Ramin Asadi, Abtin Heydarzadeh, Sepiedeh BesharatiDepartment of Hematology, Gulian University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Guilan, IranBackground: Beta thalassemia major patients are vulnerable to transfusion-transmitted infection, especially hepatitis C virus (HCV), and iron overload. These comorbidities lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in these patients. In order to prevent these complications, treatment of HCV infection and regular iron chelating seems to be n...

  1. Alkaloids from Egyptian Papaver rhoeas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Masry, S; El-Ghazooly, M G; Omar, A A; Khafagy, S M; Phillipson, J D

    1981-01-01

    N-methylasimilobine was isolated as the major alkaloid from an Egyptian sample of P. RHOEAS L. Other alkaloids isolated from the same plant material were stylopine, coptisine, isocorydine and rhoeadine. Chromatography indicated the presence of at least nine other minor alkaloids. PMID:17401817

  2. Egyptian Caste System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ms. Issen

    2009-09-17

    Understand the culture, character, and societal characteristics of different classes in the ancient Egyptian caste system Understand the culture, character, and societal characteristics of different classes in the ancient Egyptian caste system Go to these sites to learn about the Egyptian Caste System ...

  3. Egyptian mathematics: numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    John Heaton,Joint Creator

    2007-12-12

    This website has a brief introduction to the ancient Egyptian way of writing numerals. It includes graphics of what the hieroglyphics looked like, problems written using Egyptian numerals, and a calculator that displays both standard and Egyptian numerals when doing simple calculations. Other terms: medicine, decimal system, problems, pyramid, papyrus.

  4. Egyptian "Star Clocks"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Symons, Sarah

    Diagonal, transit, and Ramesside star clocks are tables of astronomical information occasionally found in ancient Egyptian temples, tombs, and papyri. The tables represent the motions of selected stars (decans and hour stars) throughout the Egyptian civil year. Analysis of star clocks leads to greater understanding of ancient Egyptian constellations, ritual astronomical activities, observational practices, and pharaonic chronology.

  5. Total Antioxidant Status in Patients with Major ? -Thalassemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Bazvand

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective:Beta-thalassemia major is an autosomal recessive disease causing severe and hemolytic anemia, which begins about 2-6 months after birth. Iron overload, which arises from recurrent transfusion and ineffective erythropoiesis, can enhance oxidative stress in thalassemic patients. The aim of this study wasto evaluate theserum total antioxidant capacity of patients with ß-Thalassemia major.Methods:Sixty six Iranian patients with ?-thalassemia major and 66 age-gender matched controls were evaluated for serum total antioxidant status (TAS, uric acid (UA, bilirubin and albumin. In addition, serum ferritin and transaminases were recorded in these subjects.Findings: Significant increases of TAS, UA, and bilirubin were observed in the patient group, compared with the control group (P< 0.01. Mean TAS and bilirubin in male patients was higher than in females (P=0.005 and P=0.008, respectively. There was also direct correlation between TAS and albumin (P< 0.001, bilirubin (P< 0.001 and UA (P=0.002.Conclusion: Endogenous antioxidants such as ferritin, UA and bilirubin can result in increased level of TAS in the patients with Beta-thalassemia major. Compensatory excess of TAS to oxidative stress could also be the reason for difference between our findings and previous studies.

  6. Total Antioxidant Status in Patients with Major ?-Thalassemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lili Koochakzadeh

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective:Beta-thalassemia major is an autosomal recessive disease causing severe and hemolytic anemia, which begins about 2-6 months after birth. Iron overload, which arises from recurrent transfusion and ineffective erythropoiesis, can enhance oxidative stress in thalassemic patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum total antioxidant capacity of patients with ß-Thalassemia major. Methods:Sixty six Iranian patients with ?-thalassemia major and 66 age-gender matched controls were evaluated for serum total antioxidant status (TAS, uric acid (UA, bilirubin and albumin. In addition, serum ferritin and transaminases were recorded in these subjects. Findings: Significant increases of TAS, UA, and bilirubin were observed in the patient group, compared with the control group (P<0.01. Mean TAS and bilirubin in male patients was higher than in females (P=0.005 and P=0.008, respectively. There was also direct correlation between TAS and albumin (P<0.001, bilirubin (P<0.001 and UA (P=0.002. Conclusion: Endogenous antioxidants such as ferritin, UA and bilirubin can result in increased level of TAS in the patients with Beta-thalassemia major. Compensatory excess of TAS to oxidative stress could also be the reason for difference between our findings and previous studies.

  7. Multiple transfused thalassemia major: Ocular manifestations in a hospital-based population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taneja Rashi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To study the ocular manifestations in multiple transfused beta-thalassemia major patients and assess the ocular side-effects of iron chelating agents. Materials and Methods: In this prospective observational study, 45 multiple transfused beta-thalassemia major children between six months and 21 years of age were enrolled and assigned groups according to the treatment regimens suggested. Group A received only blood transfusions, Group B blood transfusions with subcutaneous desferrioxamine, Group C blood transfusions with desferrioxamine and oral deferriprone and Group D blood transfusions with deferriprone. Ocular status at the time of enrolment was documented. Subjects were observed quarterly for one year for changes in ocular status arising due to the disease process and due to iron chelation therapy. Children with hemoglobinopathies other than beta-thalassemia major, congenital ocular anomalies and anemia due to other causes were excluded. Results: Ocular involvement was observed in 58% of patients. Lenticular opacities were the most common ocular finding (44%, followed by decreased visual acuity (33%. An increased occurrence of ocular changes was observed with increase of serum ferritin and serum iron levels as well as with higher number of blood transfusions received. Desferrioxamine seemed to have a protective influence on retinal pigment epithelium (RPE mottling. Occurrence of lenticular opacities and RPE degeneration correlated positively with use of desferrioxamine and deferriprone respectively. Follow-up of patients for one year did not reveal any change in ocular status. Conclusion: Regular ocular examinations can aid in preventing, delaying or ameliorating the ocular complications of thalassemia.

  8. Ancient Egyptian surgical heritage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saber, Aly

    2010-12-01

    Egyptian medicine influenced the medicine of neighboring cultures, including the culture of ancient Greece. From Greece, its influence spread onward, thereby affecting Western civilization significantly. The oldest extant Egyptian medical texts are six papyri: The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus and the Ebers Medical Papyrus are famous. PMID:21208098

  9. Egyptian Cosmology and Cosmogony

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, James P.

    Ancient Egyptian texts and images reveal a detailed view of the world and its origin. Multiple creation accounts, once seen as rival theologies, concentrate on different aspects of the creation, meshing into a coherent vision that remained stable throughout ancient Egyptian history.

  10. Egyptian Education Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radwan, M. M.; And Others

    Three papers on the Egyptian educational system were delivered at the World Assembly of the International Council of Education for Teaching in Cairo, Egypt, in 1981. The first paper, "Recent Educational Reforms in Egypt," by M. M. Radwan, describes the changes in Egyptian education since 1952, including the adoption of universal basic education.…

  11. The Prevalence of the Beta Thalassemia Trait among the Pregnant Women who attended the ANC Clinic in a PHC, by using the NESTROF Test in Bangalore, Karnataka

    OpenAIRE

    Kulkarni, Praveen; Masthi, N R Ramesh; Niveditha, SR; Suvarna, R

    2013-01-01

    Contaxt: Every year in India 6000 to 8000 children are born with thalassaemia major. The birth of such a child produces considerable physical and economic strain on the affected child, its family and the community at large. Thus, the emphasis must shift from the treatment to the prevention of such births in the future.

  12. Egyptian Antiquity Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Egyptian Ministry of Tourism provides an excellent collection of resources useful to both student and scholar. The site provides a number of sections covering topics such as Monuments (pharoanic, Islamic, and early Christian), Rulers of Ancient Egypt, Egyptian Mythology, a modest Virtual Museum, and a lengthy Glossary of Terms. The highlight is an extensive History of Egypt from the Lower Paleolithic Age to 1942. The history is divided into dynasties/historical periods and contains numerous hyperlinks. Additional features include a section on Historical Astrology in Egypt and the complete Egyptian Book of the Dead.

  13. Design an Egyptian Playground

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center for Engineering Educational Outreach,

    Student teams use their knowledge about ancient Egypt to design playgrounds for Egyptian children. This involves brainstorming ideas on paper, building models with LEGO® bricks or other materials, and explaining their ideas to the class in five-minute presentations.

  14. Ancient Egyptian herbal wines

    OpenAIRE

    Mcgovern, Patrick E.; Mirzoian, Armen; Hall, Gretchen R.

    2009-01-01

    Chemical analyses of ancient organics absorbed into pottery jars from the beginning of advanced ancient Egyptian culture, ca. 3150 B.C., and continuing for millennia have revealed that a range of natural products—specifically, herbs and tree resins—were dispensed by grape wine. These findings provide chemical evidence for ancient Egyptian organic medicinal remedies, previously only ambiguously documented in medical papyri dating back to ca. 1850 B.C. They illustrate how humans around the ...

  15. Ancient Egyptian Calendars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spalinger, Anthony

    The study of the Egyptian calendar lends itself to a deeper analysis in which the original system of calendrics was based on the moon and the later one, organized by a simple device of 365 days per year. The latter, originally determined by the sighting of the star Sothis (Sirius) in the east after a period of 70 days of invisibility, is called the Civil Calendar. The change, however, brought with it an alteration in the names of the Egyptian months.

  16. Ancient Egyptian Seals and Scarabs

    OpenAIRE

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2011-01-01

    The Egyptian Scarabs were for their ancient possessors, mainly amulets with powerful images or spells. To the moderns, the Scarab seals are objects of interest, either as emblems of Egyptian religion or specimens of the Egyptian art, while to the archaeologist and historian they are often useful as evidences. We will discuss seals in some of their aspects, and we will show images of some scarabs from the collection at the Egyptian Museum of Torino. A particular aspect of scarab seals, never i...

  17. Serum ferritin levels, socio-demographic factors and desferrioxamine therapy in multi-transfused thalassemia major patients at a government tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rehman Anis

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Beta thalassemia is the most frequent genetic disorder of haemoglobin synthesis in Pakistan. Recurrent transfusions lead to iron-overload manifested by increased serum Ferritin levels, for which chelation therapy is required. Findings The study was conducted in the Pediatric Emergency unit of Civil Hospital Karachi after ethical approval by the Institutional Review Board of Dow University of Health Sciences. Seventy nine cases of beta thalassemia major were included after a written consent. The care takers were interviewed for the socio-demographic variables and the use of Desferrioxamine therapy, after which a blood sample was drawn to assess the serum Ferritin level. SPSS 15.0 was employed for data entry and analysis. Of the seventy-nine patients included in the study, 46 (58.2% were males while 33 (41.8% were females. The mean age was 10.8 (± 4.5 years with the dominant age group (46.2% being 10 to 14 years. In 62 (78.8% cases, the care taker education was below the tenth grade. The mean serum Ferritin level in our study were 4236.5 ng/ml and showed a directly proportional relationship with age. Desferrioxamine was used by patients in 46 (58.2% cases with monthly house hold income significant factor to the use of therapy. Conclusions The mean serum Ferritin levels are approximately ten times higher than the normal recommended levels for normal individuals, with two-fifths of the patients not receiving iron chelation therapy at all. Use of iron chelation therapy and titrating the dose according to the need can significantly lower the iron load reducing the risk of iron-overload related complications leading to a better quality of life and improving survival in Pakistani beta thalassemia major patients. Conflicts of Interest: None

  18. Graves' disease mimicking beta-thalassemia trait.

    OpenAIRE

    Akasheh, M. S.

    1994-01-01

    A case of Graves' disease associated with splenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, microcytic hypochromic anaemia, and a raised haemoglobin A2 is presented. The haematological indices returned to normal after conventional treatment with anti-thyroid medication.

  19. Egyptian Clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) Breeding in Egypt: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Bahy R. Bakheit

    2013-01-01

    Berseem or Egyptian clover is a winter annual legume of major importance to Egyptian agriculture as a principle source of forage and for conserving soil fertility under intensive cropping. In this review, the published work by authors on breeding Egyptian clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) for productivity in Egypt has been summarized since 1980. The variability of the genotypes, genotypic and phenotypic correlation, Path coefficient, the breeding strategies, pollination and seed setting for ...

  20. Ancient Egyptian herbal wines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGovern, Patrick E; Mirzoian, Armen; Hall, Gretchen R

    2009-05-01

    Chemical analyses of ancient organics absorbed into pottery jars from the beginning of advanced ancient Egyptian culture, ca. 3150 B.C., and continuing for millennia have revealed that a range of natural products--specifically, herbs and tree resins--were dispensed by grape wine. These findings provide chemical evidence for ancient Egyptian organic medicinal remedies, previously only ambiguously documented in medical papyri dating back to ca. 1850 B.C. They illustrate how humans around the world, probably for millions of years, have exploited their natural environments for effective plant remedies, whose active compounds have recently begun to be isolated by modern analytical techniques. PMID:19365069

  1. Sit Like an Egyptian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moll, Emily

    2012-01-01

    The topic of Egypt is one that students are naturally intrigued and enthusiastic about. In this article, fifth graders create mosaic and mixed-media collaged chairs in their visual arts class as part of their overall study of the art and culture of ancient Egypt. The idea was to embellish a contemporary chair with Egyptian colors, themes, and…

  2. An Egyptian surveying instrument

    OpenAIRE

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2011-01-01

    Recently, the author (A.C. Sparavigna) proposed that an item found in the Kha's tomb and kept at the Egyptian Museum of Torino is a protractor, able to measure angles. Here the author shows that it is suitable for surveying the stair angle of buildings

  3. Egyptian Sea Cave

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of College Science Teaching, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This brief article describes an archaeological expedition to the Red Sea coast area of Egypt in 2004. Kathryn Bard, an associate professor of archaeology at Boston University, along with her team, discovered the well-preserved cedar timbers of an ancient Egyptian seafaring vessel near the entrance to a large man-made cave. Limestone tablets with…

  4. Denser Egyptian Fractions

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, G

    2000-01-01

    An Egyptian fraction is a sum of distinct unit fractions (reciprocals of positive integers). We show that every rational number has Egyptian fraction representations where the number of terms is of the same order of magnitude as the largest denominator, improving a result from an earlier paper to best-possible form. We also settle, in best-possible form, the related problem of how small M_t(r) can be such that there is an Egyptian fraction representation of r with exactly t terms, the denominators of which are all at most M_t(r). We also consider the following problems posed by Erdos and Graham: the set of integers that cannot be the largest denominator of an Egyptian fraction representation of 1 is infinite - what is its order of growth? How about those integers that cannot be the second-largest (third-largest, etc.) denominator of such a representation? In the latter case, we show that only finitely many integers cannot be the second-largest (third-largest, etc.) denominator of such a representation; while ...

  5. Egiptiese geneeskunde Egyptian medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. P. Retief

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Weens probleme met die interpretasie van die Oudegiptiese skrif, was ons begrip van geneeskunde in faraoniese Egipte tot heel onlangs baie gebrekkig en dikwels foutief. Hierdie studie gee die jongste sieninge weer oor die stand van geneeskunde in Egipte (3100-332 v.C. soos afgelei uit inskripsies op geboue en monumente, die geskrifte van historici, en veral die inhoud van 10 sogenaamde Mediese Papirusse, opgestel tussen ongeveer 2 500 v.C. en die 4de eeu v.C. Gebore uit vroeëre magies-religieuse geneeskunde het empiries-rasionele geneeskunde tydens die Ou Koninkryk (2686-2181 v.C. tot stand gekom, vir twee millennia relatief onveranderd gebloei en aan die mensdom sy eerste mediese geskrifte en logiese sisteem van empiriese siekte-beoordeling en -hantering gebring. Mettertyd het meer gevorderde Griekse wetenskapsdenke Egiptiese geneeskunde oordonder, en met die vervanging van die Oudegiptiese skrif deur koptiese Egipties (5de eeu v.C. het die sonderlinge bydraes uit die Nylvallei vir die mensdom verlore geraak, en eers weer na vore gekom met die ontsyfering van hiërogliewe, hiëraties en demoties in die 19de en 20ste eeue.Our understanding of ancient Egyptian medicine is seriously hampered by problems in the decipherment of the Egyptian writing, and the relative scarcity of medical writings from pharaonic times. No Egyptian medical equipment has survived. In this study the most recent understanding of medicine in pharaonic Egypt (3100-332 BC is reviewed as it comes to the fore in inscriptions on walls and monuments, the writings of visiting historians, but mainly the contents of 10 so-called medical papyri written between circa 2500 BC and the 4th century BC. A clearly recognizable system of empirical medicine evolved from a background of magico-religious medicine during the Old Kingdom (2686-2181 BC and flourished virtually unchanged for more than 2 millennia. Scientific empirical medicine co-existed with magical medicine during this time. The two entities influenced each other, and in the process Egypt produced mankind’s first scientific medical literature with a logical system of disease assessment and therapy, relatively free of magic. At the end of the pharaonic era a superior Greek medical system gradually became dominant, and when hieroglyphics were replaced by coptic Egyptian in the 5th century AD, the uniquely Egyptian contribution to medicine passed into oblivion, until early Egyptian writing was deciphered in the 19th and 20t centuries.

  6. An Introduction to Egyptian Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knott, Ron

    A former mathematics professor at the University of Surrey has created this webpage as an introduction to ancient Egyptian mathematics. Specifically, the site focuses on "how the Egyptians of 5000 years ago worked with fractions." While the methodology is somewhat peculiar, it is very clearly explained and anyone with an understanding of modern fractions should have no problem learning the Egyptian system. The author shows that Egyptian fractions actually have some advantages over their modern-day descendents. Several examples are shown and additional information can be found via links on the page.

  7. In Egyptian service

    OpenAIRE

    Innes, Mary (Mary Joan)

    1986-01-01

    ?In 1919 the number of British officials employed by the Egyptian Government reached a peak of over 1,600, a substantial figure in relation to a colonial administration like the Indian Civil Service. However, due to the anomalous nature of Britain's occupation of Egypt, the workings of British administration there were left deliberately ambiguous. Thus although we have an extensive knowledge of imperial policy with regard to Egypt, we have little understanding of how Br...

  8. Fascinating Egyptian Mummies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turn up those speakers, and listen to the sounds of eerie, blowing winds in the desert and some woeful Egyptian music. This website starts off by using a multimedia approach to lure visitors into the Mus'e de la civilisation's Fascinating Egyptian Mummies online and museum exhibit. The music follows visitors once they choose the link "Head Into The Tomb". A bouncing yellow arrow all but insists visitors choose the link to "Mummification Process Exhibition". Once the arrow is clicked, visitors hear some menacing Egyptian music and are asked if they want to "Play" a game that tests their skill at determining the steps in the mummification process, or they can choose to skip the game to go directly to the exhibition. The information dispensed here includes the observation that the mummification process took 70 days to complete, and information on some famous mummies is given as well. The next game is about determining which organ goes in which Canopic jar. It's not as easy as it sounds. The final game concerns the weighing of the heart, which visitors can choose to undergo only if they dare.

  9. Current work on Egyptian lexicography

    OpenAIRE

    Watson, Wilfred G. E.

    2010-01-01

    This is a brief survey of work, past and present, on the meanings of words in ancient Egyptian, with the emphasis on more recent projects. It includes descriptions of the dictionaries of Egyptian (including Coptic and Demotic)that are available in print and online. Particular importance is given to the study of etymology and there is also some reference to loanwords

  10. Additive number systems: Egyptian (Session 2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mrs. Nunes-Bufford

    2008-12-01

    In this session you will learn about the Egyptian number system. Learn About the Egyptian number system What do you notice about the Egyptian number system?Go here to learn In depth information about the Egyptian number system How does the number system represent the Egyptian culture? Additional questions: 1.What is the base? 2.Why was that base chosen? 3.How easy is the system to learn and to write? 4.Is there any ambiguity in ...

  11. 5.NF Egyptian Fractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Ancient Egyptians used unit fractions, such as $\\frac{1}{2}$ and $\\frac{1}{3}$, to represent all fractions. For example, they might write the number $\\...

  12. Daily Egyptian Diversity News Index

    Science.gov (United States)

    Developed as part of the online collections at Southern Illinois University-Carbondale's Morris Library, the Daily Egyptian Diversity News Index provides historical insight into the campus climate at this unique school. In 2006, Dr. Seymour Bryson, the associate chancellor for diversity, teamed up with several other colleagues to identify articles in the Daily Egyptian (the University's student newspaper) related to the university's historic minority campus populations. The project entailed surveying microfilm and creating searchable transcripts for online access. Currently, the online archive contains over 1,400 items from the Daily Egyptian, and content includes pieces on African American members of the homecoming court, student activists, musical groups, and student government.

  13. Effects of Blood Transfusion on Exercise Capacity in Thalassemia Major Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benedetto, Daniela; Rao, Carmelo Massimo; Cefalù, Claudia; Aguglia, Demetrio Oreste; Cattadori, Gaia; D’Ascola, Domenico Giuseppe; Benedetto, Frank Antonio; Agostoni, Piergiuseppe; Sciomer, Susanna

    2015-01-01

    Anemia has an important role in exercise performance. However, the direct link between rapid changes of hemoglobin and exercise performance is still unknown.To find out more on this topic, we studied 18 beta-thalassemia major patients free of relevant cardiac dysfunction (age 33.5±7.2 years,males = 10). Patients performed a maximal cardiopulmolmonary exercise test (cycloergometer, personalized ramp protocol, breath-by-breath measurements of expired gases) before and the day after blood transfusion (500 cc of red cell concentrates). After blood transfusion, hemoglobin increased from 10.5±0.8 g/dL to 12.1±1.2 (p<0.001), peak VO2 from 1408 to 1546mL/min (p<0.05), and VO2 at anaerobic threshold from 965 to 1024mL/min (p<0.05). No major changes were observed as regards heart and respiratory rates either at peak exercise or at anaerobic threshold. Similarly, no relevant changes were observed in ventilation efficiency, as evaluated by the ventilation vs. carbon dioxide production relationship, or in O2 delivery to the periphery as analyzed by the VO2 vs. workload relationship. The relationship between hemoglobin and VO2 changes showed, for each g/dL of hemoglobin increase, a VO2 increase = 82.5 mL/min and 35 mL/min, at peak exercise and at anaerobic threshold, respectively. In beta-thalassemia major patients, an acute albeit partial anemia correction by blood transfusion determinates a relevant increase of exercise performance, observed both at peak exercise and at anaerobic threshold. PMID:26010540

  14. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, UCL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Picton

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available University College London houses one of the world’s most important collections of ancient Egyptian material, the majority excavated by Flinders Petrie, his students and his successors in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is a museum of archaeology that helps to explain the development of a discipline that was in its infancy when Petrie worked in Egypt over a century ago. It is a teaching collection, its densely packed cases entrancing, and sometimes intimidating, visitors who rave about its old-fashioned feel, but it is anything but frozen in time.

  15. Effect of Hypertransfusion on Extramedullary Hematopoietic Compression Mass in Thalassemia Major: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadreza Emamhadi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Hereby we report a patient with thalassemia major having extradural cord compression at T3-T9 levels due to a mass of extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH tissue, whose treatment was successful with hypertransfusion therapy alone. The patient was a 23-year-old man who had not received regular blood transfusion since two years before admission. He suffered from paraparesis with a history of progressive lower limb weakness for 2 months. MRI of the spinal cord demonstrated thoracic extramedullary hematopoietic mass causing spinal cord compression. The patient demonstrated a significant response to hypertransfusion and improvement in the neurologic status started a few days after treatment. Almost complete resolution of the mass was seen in spinal MRI one week after hypertransfusion. Hypertransfusion seems to be a useful method for treatment of spinal cord compression due to a hematopoietic mass. It may be used as the first line therapy.Keywords: Beta-Thalassemia,Hypertransfusion,Spinal Cord Compression

  16. The Egyptian Adventure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ms. LAi

    2007-02-08

    This project is an integrated study for 8-9 year olds encompassing reading, geography, history, math, and science. The literature groups are reading the following fictional books: Ms. Frizzle\\'s Adventures Ancient Egypt by Cole and Degen, Tut, Tut by Jon Scieska, A to Z Mystery - Mummy Mystery by Ron Roy, and Jigsaw Jones - The Case of the Missing Mummy by James Preller. Various non-fiction resources are also being used by the students: Eyewitness Books - Secret of the Mummies, Mummies, Tombs, and Treasure by Lila Perl, and Mummies by C. Wilcox. These essential questions were created by third grade students: How did the rule of pharoahs begin? Who were important pharoahs? What are some facts about pyramids? Ancient Egypt (British Museum) Ancient Egypt Egypt What were the religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians? Ancient Egypt (British Museum) Ancient Egypt Egypt What are some facts about the Nile River? Why the ...

  17. Unexpected links between Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Friberg, Jöran

    2005-01-01

    Mesopotamian mathematics is known from a great number of cuneiform texts, most of them Old Babylonian, some Late Babylonian or pre-Old-Babylonian, and has been intensively studied during the last couple of decades. In contrast to this Egyptian mathematics is known from only a small number of papyrus texts, and the few books and papers that have been written about Egyptian mathematical papyri have mostly reiterated the same old presentations and interpretations of the texts. In this book, it is shown that the methods developed by the author for the close study of mathematical cuneiform texts can also be successfully applied to all kinds of Egyptian mathematical texts, hieratic, demotic, or Greek-Egyptian. At the same time, comparisons of a large number of individual Egyptian mathematical exercises with Babylonian parallels yield many new insights into the nature of Egyptian mathematics and show that Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics display greater similarities than expected.

  18. Study on effectiveness of transfusion program in thalassemia major patients receiving multiple blood transfusions at a transfusion centre in Western India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shah Neeraj

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Children suffering from beta-thalassemia major require repeated blood transfusions which may be associated with dangers like iron overload and contraction of infections such as HIV, HCV, and HBsAg which ultimately curtail their life span. On the other hand, inadequate transfusions lead to severe anemia and general fatigue and debility. Materials and Methods: Data were obtained from 142 beta-thalassemia major patients aged 3 years or more receiving regular blood transfusions at a transfusion centre in Western India from 1 April 2009 to 30 June 2009. The clinical data and laboratory results were subsequently analyzed. Results: Of the 142 patients, 76 (53.5% were undertransfused (mean Hb <10 gm%. 96 (67% of the patients were taking some form of chelation therapy but out of them only 2 (2% were adequately chelated (S. ferritin <1000 ng/ml. 5 (3.5% of the patients were known diabetics on insulin therapy. 103 (72% of the patients were retarded in terms of growth. The prevalence of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs such as HCV, HIV, and HBsAg was respectively 45%, 2%, and 2%, with the prevalence of HCV being significantly more than the general population. The HCV prevalence showed positive correlation with the age of the patients and with the total no of blood transfusions received. As many as 15% (6 out of 40 children who were born on or after 2002 were HCV positive despite the blood they received being subjected to screening for HCV. Conclusions: The study suggests the need to step up the transfusions to achieve hemoglobin goal of 10 gm% (as per the moderate transfusion regimen and also to institute urgent and effective chelation measures with the aim of keeping serum ferritin levels below 1000 ng/ml to avoid the systemic effects of iron overload. In addition, strict monitoring of the children for endocrinopathy and other systemic effects of iron overload should be done. Rigid implementation of quality control measures for the ELISA kits used to detect HCV in donor blood needs to be done urgently. Alternately, more sensitive and specific measures (like NAT testing should be employed for detection of HCV. In the absence of a definitive cure accessible and available to all patients, strict implementation of the above suggested measures will go a long way in improving the quality (and quantity of life in patients of beta-thalassemia major.

  19. Study on effectiveness of transfusion program in thalassemia major patients receiving multiple blood transfusions at a transfusion centre in Western India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Neeraj; Mishra, Anupa; Chauhan, Dhaval; Vora, C.; Shah, N. R.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Children suffering from beta-thalassemia major require repeated blood transfusions which may be associated with dangers like iron overload and contraction of infections such as HIV, HCV, and HBsAg which ultimately curtail their life span. On the other hand, inadequate transfusions lead to severe anemia and general fatigue and debility. Materials and Methods: Data were obtained from 142 beta-thalassemia major patients aged 3 years or more receiving regular blood transfusions at a transfusion centre in Western India from 1 April 2009 to 30 June 2009. The clinical data and laboratory results were subsequently analyzed. Results: Of the 142 patients, 76 (53.5%) were undertransfused (mean Hb <10 gm%). 96 (67%) of the patients were taking some form of chelation therapy but out of them only 2 (2%) were adequately chelated (S. ferritin <1000 ng/ml). 5 (3.5%) of the patients were known diabetics on insulin therapy. 103 (72%) of the patients were retarded in terms of growth. The prevalence of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) such as HCV, HIV, and HBsAg was respectively 45%, 2%, and 2%, with the prevalence of HCV being significantly more than the general population. The HCV prevalence showed positive correlation with the age of the patients and with the total no of blood transfusions received. As many as 15% (6 out of 40) children who were born on or after 2002 were HCV positive despite the blood they received being subjected to screening for HCV. Conclusions: The study suggests the need to step up the transfusions to achieve hemoglobin goal of 10 gm% (as per the moderate transfusion regimen) and also to institute urgent and effective chelation measures with the aim of keeping serum ferritin levels below 1000 ng/ml to avoid the systemic effects of iron overload. In addition, strict monitoring of the children for endocrinopathy and other systemic effects of iron overload should be done. Rigid implementation of quality control measures for the ELISA kits used to detect HCV in donor blood needs to be done urgently. Alternately, more sensitive and specific measures (like NAT testing) should be employed for detection of HCV. In the absence of a definitive cure accessible and available to all patients, strict implementation of the above suggested measures will go a long way in improving the quality (and quantity) of life in patients of beta-thalassemia major. PMID:20859507

  20. The northern Egyptian continental margin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badawy, Ahmed; Mohamed, Gad; Omar, Khaled; Farid, Walid

    2015-01-01

    Africa displays a variety of continental margin structures, tectonics and sedimentary records. The northern Egyptian continental margin represents the NE portion of the North African passive continental margin. Economically, this region is of great importance as a very rich and productive hydrocarbon zone in Egypt. Moreover, it is characterized by remarkable tectonic setting accompanied by active tectonic processes from the old Tethys to recent Mediterranean. In this article, seismicity of the northern Egyptian continental margin has been re-evaluated for more than 100-years and the source parameters of three recent earthquakes (October 2012, January 2013 and July 2013) have been estimated. Moment tensor inversions of 19th October 2012 and 17th January 2013 earthquakes reveal normal faulting mechanism with strike-slip component having seismic moment of 3.5E16 N m and 4.3E15 N m respectively. The operation of the Egyptian National Seismic Network (ENSN) since the end of 1997 has significantly enhanced the old picture of earthquake activity across northern Egyptian continental margin whereas; the record-ability (annual rate) has changed from 2-events/year to 54-event/year before and after ENSN respectively. The spatial distribution of earthquakes foci indicated that the activity tends to cluster at three zones: Mediterranean Ridge (MR), Nile Cone (NC) and Eratosthenes Seamount (ERS). However, two seismic gaps are reported along Levant Basin (LEV) and Herodotus Basin (HER).

  1. Soggy Soil Sours Egyptian Sandstones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christina Reed

    This article from Geotimes examines the threat posed by rising groundwater to ancient Egyptian monuments. The problem has several sources, including the rise of Egypt's water table over the last 30 years, the prevention of freshwater floods through the cities where the monuments stand, and leaking or non-existing sewage systems. Various solutions are also examined.

  2. Effect of hepatic iron concentration and viral factors in chronic hepatitis C-infected patients with thalassemia major, treated with interferon and ribavirin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jafroodi M

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Maryam Jafroodi, Ramin Asadi, Abtin Heydarzadeh, Sepiedeh BesharatiDepartment of Hematology, Gulian University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Guilan, IranBackground: Beta thalassemia major patients are vulnerable to transfusion-transmitted infection, especially hepatitis C virus (HCV, and iron overload. These comorbidities lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in these patients. In order to prevent these complications, treatment of HCV infection and regular iron chelating seems to be necessary. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of hepatic iron concentration (HIC and viral factors on the sustained virological response (SVR in chronic HCV-infected patients, with beta thalassemia major being treated with interferon and ribavirin.Materials and methods: We enrolled 30 patients with thalassemia major and chronic HCV who were referred to the Hematology Clinic of Guilan University of Medical Sciences, between December 2002 and April 2006. HIC was measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy before treatment. The viral factors (viral load, genotype and HIC were compared between those who achieved a SVR and nonresponders.Results: Mean age of the 30 thalassemic patients, was 22.56 ± 4.28 years (14–30 years. Most patients were male (56.7%. Genotype 1a was seen in 24 (80% cases. SVR was achieved in 15 patients (50%. There were no significant correlations between HIC (P = 1.00, viral load (P = 0.414, HCV genotype (P = 0.068, and SVR. No difference was observed in viral load (P = 0.669 and HIC (P = 0.654 between responders and nonresponders.Conclusion: HIC, HCV viral load, and HCV genotype were not correlated with virological response, and it seems that there is no need to postpone antiviral treatment for more vigorous iron chelating therapy.Keywords: hepatitis C virus, hepatic iron concentration, combination therapy, thalassemia major, interferon alfa, ribavirin

  3. [Ancient Egyptian Odontology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berghult, B

    1999-01-01

    In ancient Egypt during the reign of Pharaoh Djoser, circa 2650 BC, the Step Pyramid was constructed by Imhotep. He was later worshiped as the God of Medicine. One of his contemporaries was the powerful writer Hesy who is reproduced on a panel showing a rebus of a swallow, a tusk and an arrow. He is therefore looked upon as being the first depicted odontologist. The art of writing begun in Egypt in about 3100 BC and the medical texts we know from different papyri were copied with hieratic signs around 1900-1100 BC. One of the most famous is the Papyrus Ebers. It was purchased by professor Ebers on a research travel to Luxor in 1873. Two years later a beautiful facsimile in color was published and the best translation came in 1958 in German. The text includes 870 remedies and some of them are related to teeth and oral troubles like pain in the mouth, gingivitis, periodontitis and cavities in the teeth. The most common oral pain was probably pulpitis caused by extreme attrition due to the high consumption of bread contaminated with soil and/or quern minerals. Another text is the Papyrus Edwin Smith with four surgical cases of dental interest. The "toothworms" that were presumed to bring about decayed teeth have not been identified in the medical texts. It was not until 1889 W.D. Miller presented a scientific explanation that cavities were caused by bacteria. In spite of extensive research only a few evidence of prosthetic and invasive treatments have been found and these dental artifacts have probably been made post mortem. Some of the 150 identified doctors were associated with treatments of disorders of the mouth. The stele of Seneb from Sa'is during the 26th dynasty of Psamtik, 664-525 BC, shows a young man who probably was a dental healer well known to Pharaoh and his court. Clement of Alexandria mentions circa 200 AD that the written knowledge of the old Egyptians was gathered in 42 collections of papyri. Number 37-42 contained the medical writings. The household remedies in ancient Egypt were unique and future research will most likely give us new answers about pathology and health care of that time and a better understanding of old medical concepts. PMID:11625678

  4. Sexual Morality at the Egyptian Bar

    OpenAIRE

    Dupret, Baudouin

    2002-01-01

    Instead of addressing the question of the genealogical connection between Islamic fiqh and modern Egyptian law--which is most doubtful--this paper focuses on the ways through which social actors produce morality and moral boundaries within the framework of Egyptian tribunals. It first examines the manner in which the question of public and sexual morality emerge and are treated in the legal and judicial arena. Then, it summarizes three Egyptian cases related to sex-change operations and femal...

  5. Evaluation of Endocrine Complications in Patients with Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birol Baytan

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Multiple blood transfusions in beta thalassemia patients causes iron overload in various tissues including endocrine glands thereby leading to multiple endocrine dysfunction. The aim of this study was to determine the endocrine complications seen in beta thalassemia patients followed-up in outpatient clinics of Pediatric Hematology Division of Uludag University Faculty of Medicine. Materials and Methods: The files of patients with thalassemia major followed-up in outpatient clinics of Pediatric Hematology Division of Uludag University Faculty of Medicine from January 1976 to August 2008 were retrospectively evaluated for endocrine disorders. All patients had a detailed physical examination including palpation of thyroid gland and pubertal staging. Endocrine evaluation was performed in the Division of Pediatric Endocrinology.Results: A total of 44 [20 female (45.5%; 24 male (54.5%; and mean chronological age 13.54±7.32 (2.75-35.2 years] patients were evaluated. The ratios of patients with endocrine dysfunction were 27.2 % and 90.9%, respectively, when we exclude or include those with osteoporosis/osteopenia or growth failure other than growth hormone deficiency. Of all patients, 27 (61.3% had osteoporosis, 17 (38.6% had growth retardation, 11 (25% had osteopenia, 6 (13.6% had hypogonadism, 3 (6.8% had hypothyroidism, 2 (4.5% had hypoparathyroidism, 1 (2.3 had growth hormone deficiency, and 1 (2.3 had type 1 diabetes mellitus. Mean ferritin levels and monthly transfusion numbers were 1976.15±1494.75 ng/ml and 1.46±0.34, respectively. There were no significant association between ferritin levels, monthly transfusion needs, and endocrine dysfunctions studied. Endocrine dysfunctions did not differ significantly amongst those having different chelating agents. The ratio of patients with growth retardations in 10 to 19-age-group was significantly higher than those in 0 to 9-age-group (30.6% vs 8.3%; p=0.049. Conclusion: Patients with thalassemia major are under increased risk of various endocrine dysfunction. Bone health is significantly compromised. Those younger than 10 years should be closely followed for especially growth retardation and osteoporosis/osteopenia and those who are 10 years of age or older should be followed for all endocrine pathologies, especially for hypogonadism, growth retardation, and osteoporosis. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2008; 6: 58-65

  6. Transnational NGOs and Egyptian Authoritarianism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farah, Abdulkadir Osman

    2014-01-01

    Among the countries of the “Arab spring” in the Middle East and North Africa only Egypt claims both a popular revolution and a coup. With a civic revolt in 2011 Egyptians mobilized resources to overthrow an authoritarian ruler. Two years later with a military coup the public fragmented into antagonistic factions: (i) those continuously insisting “shariyah”, the legality of the original revolution of the 25th January 2011; and (ii) proponents of the “inqilab”, the army takeover of July 3rd 2013. This paper explores the role of transnational NGOs (TNGOs)1 in this unresolved political stalemate. With nationwide mass protests in January 2011 Egyptians demanded “rahil”, the departure of Hosni Mubarak, the country’s long term autocratic ruler. Protesters called for “Eish” bread (Life) “karama” dignity and “huriya” freedom for all. These euphoric public eruptions marked the culmination of long term entrenched civic engagement. Over the years Egyptian activists established grassroots critical social movements and organizations to directly and indirectly challenge the military regime.

  7. Isolation of genetically diverse Marburg viruses from Egyptian fruit bats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Towner, Jonathan S; Amman, Brian R; Sealy, Tara K; Carroll, Serena A Reeder; Comer, James A; Kemp, Alan; Swanepoel, Robert; Paddock, Christopher D; Balinandi, Stephen; Khristova, Marina L; Formenty, Pierre B H; Albarino, Cesar G; Miller, David M; Reed, Zachary D; Kayiwa, John T; Mills, James N; Cannon, Deborah L; Greer, Patricia W; Byaruhanga, Emmanuel; Farnon, Eileen C; Atimnedi, Patrick; Okware, Samuel; Katongole-Mbidde, Edward; Downing, Robert; Tappero, Jordan W; Zaki, Sherif R; Ksiazek, Thomas G; Nichol, Stuart T; Rollin, Pierre E

    2009-07-01

    In July and September 2007, miners working in Kitaka Cave, Uganda, were diagnosed with Marburg hemorrhagic fever. The likely source of infection in the cave was Egyptian fruit bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) based on detection of Marburg virus RNA in 31/611 (5.1%) bats, virus-specific antibody in bat sera, and isolation of genetically diverse virus from bat tissues. The virus isolates were collected nine months apart, demonstrating long-term virus circulation. The bat colony was estimated to be over 100,000 animals using mark and re-capture methods, predicting the presence of over 5,000 virus-infected bats. The genetically diverse virus genome sequences from bats and miners closely matched. These data indicate common Egyptian fruit bats can represent a major natural reservoir and source of Marburg virus with potential for spillover into humans. PMID:19649327

  8. Mineralogy, geochemistry and radioactivity of some Egyptian phosphorite deposits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mineralogical, geochemical, and radiogeological studies of forty-nine phosphorite samples from three main mining areas in Egypt, Abu Tartur (Western Desert), Sibaiya (Nile Valley), and Safaga (Red Sea) have been carried out. X-ray diffraction studies of these Egyptian phosphorites show that carbonate-fluorapatite (francolite) is the major phosphorite mineral in these deposits, with partial substitution of Mg and Na for Ca, and (CO3) for (PO4). Other minerals identified using the x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope include calcite, dolomite, pyrite, quartz, gypsum, feldspars, micas and clay (smectite). The uranium content and U/P2O5 ratio show low values in Abu Tartur phosphorite deposits relative to the Red Sea and Nile Valley deposits. Autoradiographic studies of the Egyptian phosphorites showed that the radioactivity is unequally distributed among its constituents. The opaque pellets are the most radioactive and the bone fragments are the least radioactive. Geochemically, four distinct groups of minerals were identified in the Egyptian phosphorites according to the degree of correlation between the major apatite components and the trace elements. These mineral groups are apatite, clays, heavy minerals and leached group. The results showed that the phosphorites of Nile Valley are relatively rich in Co and Zn whereas the Red Sea phosphorites are relatively rich in Pb and U. The Western Desert phosphorites are nd U. The Western Desert phosphorites are much richer in Ti as compared to the other two areas. Relative to the world phosphorites, the Egyptian phosphorites are geochemically enriched in Co, Mn, and Ni and impoverished in Sr, Cr, U, Zn, Cu, Ti, and V

  9. Egyptian Fractions: Ahmes to Fibonacci to Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurd, Spencer P.

    1991-01-01

    Presented is the ancient Egyptian algorithm for the operations of multiplication and division of integers and fractions. Theorems involving unit fractions, proved by Fibonacci, justifying and extending the Egyptian or Ahmes' methods into the Hindu-Arabic numeric representational system are given. (MDH)

  10. Lexical semantics in Ancient Egyptian. An introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane

    2012-01-01

    This paper is an introduction to the volume "Lexical Semantics in Ancient Egyptian". The aim of this volume is to address methodological issues touching upon several domains of Ancient Egyptian lexical semantics that are likely to enhance and enrich future lexicographical studies. The orientation of this volume is primarily lexicological and not lexicographical.

  11. Cutaneous and mucosal manifestations in patients with beta major thalassemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Naderi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Thalassemia is one of the most common single gene disorder that results from decrease or absence of globulin chain(s synthesis. Repeated blood transfusion is required for prevention of severe anemia and related side effects, but it is associated with other complications such as cutaneous lesions and mucosal manifestations. This study conducted to assess the frequency of cutaneous and mucosal manifestations in patients with beta thalassemia.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 300 patients with beta major thalassemia in Zahedan. Data were obtained from medical records and questionnaires as well as through physical examination of patients. The data were statistically described and tested.Results: The mean age of patients was 17.9±6.3 years and 64.3% of patients were men and 35.7% were women. Among cutaneous lesions, freckles were the most common (70.7% and the rarest one was peri orbital pigmentation (0.3%. Gingivitis (41.7% and longitudinal lines on nails (72% were the most common mucosal and nail manifestations.Conclusion: Since cutaneous and mucosal manifestations are very common among patients with beta major thalassemia, regular dermatology follow up of these patients is recommended.

  12. Some endocrinal aspects of pancreas in beta thalassemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study was carried out to evaluate endocrinal aspects of the pancreas in thalassemia children, ages 5 - 10 years maintained under either regular or irregular iron chelation therapy. A matched control on healthy children, was included for comparison. As regards laboratory findings, fasting and post prandial blood sugar was significantly elevated in thalassemia children than the control and serum insulin was significantly lower in the irregular iron chelation group than both in the regular one and in the control group. Most cases of diabetic thalassemia children clinically and biochemically were of irregular iron chelation and with older age. They were frequently higher transfused. There is significant rise of serum ferritin in diabetic group than in diabetic thalassemia children. In conclusion, pancreatic dysfunction can be detected in thalassemia children, but regular iron chelation can reduce its occurrence. 10 tabs

  13. Potential mechanisms for renal damage in beta-thalassemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallat, Naji S; Mallat, Samir G; Musallam, Khaled M; Taher, Ali T

    2013-01-01

    Improvement of survival in patients with ?-thalassemia has allowed several clinical morbidities to manifest, including renal complications. Patients may experience proximal tubular dysfunctions and abnormalities in glomerular filtration rate. Several risk factors have been proposed. Hypoxia may lead to renal damage with resulting proximal tubular epithelial cell dysfunction and interstitial fibrosis, while anemia induces renal hemodynamic changes. Iron overload secondary to regular transfusion therapy can also result in an increase in oxidative stress and direct cytotoxicity to the kidney. Moreover, the use of certain iron-chelating agents is associated with a transient, nonprogressive increase in serum creatinine levels. However, most available evidence comes from small, cross-sectional studies. Longitudinal follow-up of patients is needed to better understand the mechanisms of renal abnormalities in this patient population. PMID:23475461

  14. Beta-thalassemia disease prevention: genetic medicine applied.

    OpenAIRE

    Scriver, C.R.; Bardanis, M; L. Cartier; Clow, C. L.; Lancaster, G. A.; Ostrowsky, J T

    1984-01-01

    We report here an evaluation of a program for thalassemia-disease prevention, comprising education, population screening for heterozygotes, and reproductive counseling; the evaluation includes cost analysis. A preprogram survey in 1978 of 3,247 citizens in the high-risk communities (85% were high-school students) showed that 88% favored a program but that only 31% considered fetal diagnosis as an acceptable option. Screening in high school or before marriage was preferred by 56%. In a 25-mont...

  15. Beta-thalassemia intermedia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chehal, Aref; Loutfi, Rabih; Taher, Ali

    2002-08-01

    The presenting symptoms of malignancies like anemia and splenomegaly in thalassemic patients can be overlooked and considered as complications of thalassemia. Our paper deals with a case of large B cell lymphoma with bone marrow involvement in an old lady with thalassemia intermedia. The patient showed complete response after the second cycle of chemotherapy that consists of cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (CVP protocol). However, the patient relapsed with bone marrow involvement shortly after (2 weeks) completion of the sixth cycle of chemotherapy, and she was started on monoclonal antibodies Rituximab. On reviewing the literature, only four cases of thalassemia and lymphoma have been reported worldwide, thus making our case the fifth report of this rare combination of diseases. PMID:12403486

  16. Conservation of a Rare Painted Ancient Egyptian Textile Object from the Egyptian Museum in Cairo

    OpenAIRE

    Yasin Zidan; Omar Abdel-Kareem; Nadia Lokma; Hanaa Ahmed

    2008-01-01

    This study describes conservation of a painted ancientEgyptian textile object from the collection of Osiris clothsin the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Egypt. An evaluation ofthe reactivation consolidation technique to reinforcementof ancient Egyptian painted textiles was performed.Various investigation methods were carried out to identifythe fibres, paints, and other materials, which are part ofthe selected object. The condition of the object was alsoinvestigated. Newly prepared painted linen tex...

  17. Egyptian and foreign cigarettes Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    NAA was employed to determine the concentration of 27 elements in an Egyptian cigarette filter before and after smoking. The filter of three foreign cigarette brands were also analyzed and compared to the Egyptian brand. The elements determined are Al, As, Ba, Br, Ce, Cl, Co, Cr, Cs, Eu, Fe, Hf, K, La, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Sr, Th, Ti, V and Zn. It was observed that the concentration of the measured elements in the Egyptian brand were within the concentration range of foreign brands, and that the concentration of As, Br, Cl, K, Na and Se in the filters increased after smoking regardless the brands examined. (author)

  18. Radiological assessment of the Egyptian Mediterranean coast

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On the basis of extensive sampling, gamma spectrometry, laboratory analyses, data evaluation and comparison with the reference data, the following assessment has been carried out. The radiological assessment has been done for a wide scale study area (about 1100 km) from El- Salloum in the west of the Mediterranean coast of Egypt to El-Arish in the east. The environmental radiological assessment steps are based on the criteria previously mentioned. The sources of radioactivity possibly reach the Egyptian Mediterranean coast can be summarized as: primordial and radiogenic radionuclides (e.g. 40K, 238U and 232Th series), cosmic rays and cosmogenic radionuclides (e.g. 7Be), fertilizers (e.g. superphosphate), black sand (transported by Nile River), fallout (either from nuclear testing or Chernobyl), seawater currents (transported either natural or man-made), Suez Canal (subject to receive a radioactive releasing and effluents from either nuclear power ships or submarines passes through the canal), biological migration and sedimentary longshore movement (e.g. Anguilla anguilla), atmospheric radioactivity (e.g. 222Rn and its daughters), domestic and medical sewage (minor source, short half-life), depleted uranium dust (possibly), satellite and aircraft accident (accidentally) and rarely loss of industrial radioactive source (incidentally). El-Salloum, Rashid and El-Gamil have been considered as concentrated basins for thn considered as concentrated basins for the majority of the radioisotopes. This suggestion was due to the special topographical features of these three stations, which make the accumulation of the radioactive isotopes possible. Calculations of outdoor absorbed dose rate for human population at all stations under investigation from 238U, 232Th and 40K were carried out. The calculated absorbed dose rate has been distinguished the coast into normal areas and Rashid black sand area as high background area. The range of calculated dose was 8.39-38.5 ?Gy/h. Good agreement was observed with NCRP absorbed dose rates 26 (17-40) nGy/h. Calculations of gamma absorbed dose rate in Rashid black sand area collected in July 1998 recorded as 0.72 ?Gy/h. This value was considered as relatively high dose rate and it is remarkable of the high background radiation area at Rashid. Comparing with the reported gamma radiation dose rates in the others high background radiation areas, it was in agreement with Ramsar in Iran (0.7-50 ?Gy/h) and relatively lower than 1-2 ?Gy/h at Guarapari, Meaipe and Cumuruxatiba in Brazil. Annual intake radiation dose was achieved by estimation of the human intake of radioactivity due to fish consumption considering the Egyptian values. Using the mathematical calculation of annual dose per Bq, the total dose to a person, daily fed with 0.0136 kg fish, in one year was 10.3 ?Sv/y, which is mainly from 40K. Annual intake radiation dose was achieved by estimation of the human intake of radioactivity due to fish consumption considering the Egyptian values. Using the mathematical calculation of annual dose per Bq, the total dose to a person, daily fed with 0.0136 kg fish, in one year was 10.3 ?Sv/y, which is mainly from 40K. The only man-made radionuclide detected in the Egyptian Mediterranean coast is 137Cs with average value 0.37 Bq/kg. This average value shows high agreement with the other referenced values in the world. The main source of 137Cs is atmospheric fallout either from nuclear testing or Chernobyl. The marine transport from western Mediterranean could be considered as another source. Surface seawater salinity showed a positive correlation with the concentrations of 40K in surface seawater (r = 0.64). A mathematical model has been deduced to estimate the range of natural 40K in the surface seawater. Assessment of radioactivity bioaccumulators was made among different biota collected from the Egyptian Mediterranean coast. It revealed that, Patella spp., Anguilla spp. and Mytilus spp. were the best marine organisms for having the capability to accumulate 40K. Also, Patella spp., Ang uilla spp.

  19. Accreditation and Quality Assurance in the Egyptian Higher Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schomaker, Rahel

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to analyze the quality of the Egyptian accreditation system. With a view on the high competition in the domestic labor market as well as with regards to the international competitiveness of Egyptian graduates and the potential role of Egyptian universities in the international market for higher education, a high quality of…

  20. Radiological assessment of the Egyptian Mediterranean Coast

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On the basis of extensive sampling, gamma spectrometry, laboratory analyses, data evaluation and comparison with the reference data, the following assessment has been carried out. The radiological assessment has been done for a wide scale study area (about 1100 km) from El-Salloum in the west of the Mediterranean coast of Egypt to El-Arish in the east. The environmental radiological assessment steps are based on the criteria previously mentioned. The sources of radioactivity possibly reach the Egyptian Mediterranean coast can be summarized as: primordial and radiogenic radionuclides (e.g. 40K, 23'8U and 232Th series), cosmic rays and cosmogenic radionuclides (e.g. 7Be), fertilizers (e.g. superphosphate), black sand (transported by the Nile River), fallout (either from nuclear testing or Chernobyl), seawater currents (transported either natural or man-made), Suez Canal (subject to receive a radioactive releasing and effluents from either nuclear power ships or submarines passing through the Canal), biological migration and sedimentary longshore movement (e.g. Anguilla anguilla), atmospheric radioactivity (e.g. 222Rn and its daughters), domestic and medical sewage (minor source, short half-life), depleted uranium dust (possibly), satellite and aircraft accident (accidental) and rarely loss of industrial radioactive source (incidentally). El-Salloum, Rashid and El-Gamil have been considered as concentrated basins forbeen considered as concentrated basins for the majority of the radioisotopes. This suggestion was due to the special topographical features of these three stations, which make the accumulation of the radioactive isotopes possible. Calculations of outdoor absorbed dose rate for human population at all stations under investigation from 238U, 232Th and 40K were carried out. The calculated absorbed dose rate has been distinguished the coast into normal areas and Rashid black sand area as high background area. The range of calculated dose was 8.39-38.5 nGy/h. Good agreement was observed with NCRP absorbed dose rates 26 (17-40) nGy/h. Calculations of gamma absorbed dose rate in Rashid black sand area collected in July 1998 recorded as 0.72 ?Gy/h. This value was considered as relatively high dose rate and it is remarkable of the high background radiation area at Rashid. Comparing with the reported gamma radiation dose rates in the others high background radiation areas, it was in agreement with Ramsar in Iran (0.7-50 ?Gy/h) and relatively lower than 1-2 ?Gy/h at Guarapari, Meaipe and Cumuruxatiba in Brazil. Annual intake radiation dose was achieved by estimation of the human intake of radioactivity due to fish consumption considering the Egyptian values. Using the mathematical calculation of annual dose per Bq, the total dose to a person, daily fed with 0.0136 kg fish, in one year was 10.3 ?Sv/y, which is mainly from 40K. The only man-made radionuclide detected in the Egyptian Mediterranean coast is 137Cs with an average value 0.37 Bq/kg. This average value shows high agreement with the other referenced values in the world. The main source of 137Cs is atmospheric fallout either from nuclear testing or Chernobyl. The marine transport from western Mediterranean could be considered as another source. Surface seawater salinity showed a positive correlation with the concentrations of 40K in surface seawater (r = 0.64). A mathematical model has been deduced to estimate the range of natural 40K in surface seawater. Assessment of radioactivity bioaccumulators was made among different biota collected from the Egyptian Mediterranean coast. It revealed that, Patella spp., Anguilla spp. and Mytilus spp were the best marine organisms for the capability to accumulate 40K. Also, Patella spp., Anguilla spp. and the intermediate leaves of Posidonia spp. were found as good accumulators of both 214Pb and 214Bi. Anguilla spp. and Mytilus were found to be good accumulators of 228Ac

  1. Orientation of Egyptian Temples: An Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belmonte, Juan Antonio

    Archaeoastronomy has never been a favored discipline within Egyptology. As a consequence, important questions such as the orientation of Egyptian temples and the relevance of astronomy in this respect had not been treated with the requisite seriousness and depth. This situation is changing, however, and over the past decade, there have been several serious attempts to perform an extensive analysis of the orientation of Egyptian monuments. The orientations of approximately 400 temples have been measured in the Nile Valley, the Delta, the Oases, and the Sinai, with the aim of providing a clear answer to the question of whether the ancient Egyptian sacred constructions were astronomically aligned or not. This impressive set of data seems to answer this question in the affirmative.

  2. Egyptian and foreign cigarettes Pt. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concentration of 27 elements was measured using neutron activation analysis in a cigarette brand commercially manufactured in Egypt and in three foreign brands available on the Egyptian market. The cigarette components examined were tobacco, wrapping paper and ash. All results are expressed in absolute values per cigarette. The concentration of Al, As, Ba, Br, Cl, Cs, Eu, Fe, Mn, Na, Ni, Rb, Sb, Sc, Sr, Th, Ti and V in the Egyptian cigarette were above the range determined for the foreign brands examined; however, Ce, Co, Cr, Hf, K, La, Mg, Se and Zn were within that range. Except for K, Mn, Ni and Ti, the above conclusions were the same for elements determined in the ash. The wrapping paper used for the Egyptian cigarette contains the lowest quantity of Cl and Mn. (author)

  3. STREPTOMYCETE Producing Antibiotics Isolated From Egyptian Soil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An investigation was concerned the distribution of Streptomyces species in some types of Egyptian soils. Thirty nine actinomycetes isolates were obtained from 7 types of Egyptian soils; 8 isolates exhibited antimicrobial activities against all tested organisms and three of them were identified as Streptomyces griseoluteus (YM23), Streptomyces aurantiogriseus (S15) and Streptomyces nogalator (H12). RAPD-PCR showed correlation between 8 isolates in 3 clades. The active metabolite was extracted with ethyl acetate and concentrated in vacuum and the crude fraction was purified using thin layer and column chromatography

  4. Comparative Studies on Egyptian and Libyan Roselle Seeds as a Source of Lipid and Protein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nady A. Elneairy

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Proceeding from the fact that the seeds of Roselle plant are full of nutritional constituents, however in Egypt and Libya, they are often discarded as a by-product, this study aims to evaluate the nutritional composition of Roselle seeds grown in Egypt and Libya as a source of oil and protein besides making a comparison between whole chemical composition of Roselle seeds grown in both countries. Ground of whole Egyptian and Libyan Roselle seeds powder contained high amount of protein (31.02% ± 0.93% and 28.67% ± 0.45%, crude fat (21.6% ± 0.66% and 16.94% ± 0.86% and total ash (6.89% ± 0.11% and 5.60% ± 0.10%, respectively. However, Egyptian seeds have moisture content, protein, crude fat and total ash higher than Libyan seeds. Crude oil from Egyptian seeds had high refractive index and iodine value in comparison with crude oil from Libyan seeds. There were no remarkable differences between both seeds in acidity percent, unsaponifiable matters percent and saponification value. Linoleic, oleic and palmitic acids were the major fatty acid constituents in Egyptian Roselle seeds. Meanwhile linolenic, linoleic, oleic, stearic, palmitoleic and palmitic acids were the major fatty acid constituents in Libyan Roselle seeds. Crude oil from Egyptian seeds had higher percent of unsaturated fatty acids than crude oil from Libyan seeds. Unsaponifiable matters constituents for extracted oil from Egyptian seeds were free from n-pentacosane (C25 and rich in n-hexacosane (C26. Oil from both seeds had the same content of Beta sito-sterol and stigma-sterol. Both seeds were rich in glutamic acid, aspartic acid, arginine and leucine. Libyan seeds were rich in essential amino acids in comparison with Egyptian seeds. Finally nutritional comparison of Roselle seeds variation depends on the variety, location and environmental conditions during cultivation. Roselle seeds are a good source for extraction of oil and protein. Protein from Roselle seeds could be used as a supplement material for poor food in lysine.

  5. Serological study on parvovirus B19 infection in multitransfused thalassemia major patients and its transmission through donor units

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kishore Janak

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Human parvovirus B19 (B19 virus is a newly recognized agent for transfusion transmitted diseases. Beta-thalassemia major patients receive a hypertransfusion regimen, hence, are prone to acquire B19 infection; moreover, B19 escapes viral inactivation methods and donor units are not tested for B19, but there are just a couple of studies globally and none from the Asian continent. Hence, a study was designed to find the frequency of B19 infection and its transmission in multitransfused thalassemia patients. Materials and Methods: Ninety multitransfused beta-thalassemia major (thalassemia patients, 32 controls (age, sex matched without any history of transfusion were enrolled. Besides the donor units were tested in B19 un-infected patients. B19 specific IgG and IgM antibodies in the sera were analyzed by ELISA (in-house, using B19 VPI and VP2 recombinant and purified antigens; additionally HBsAg and anti-HIV and anti-HCV antibodies were tested for coexisting infections. Results: Seventy-three (81% thalassemia patients tested positive for anti-B19 IgG antibodies as compared to seven (21% in the controls group (P < 0.01, while anti-B19 IgM antibodies were detected in 37 (41.1% compared to two (6.2% in the controls (P < 0.01. Mean age of the thalassemia patient was eight years (range 2 - 18 years and B19 infection was highest in the six-to-ten year range. Seropositivity increased with the number of transfusions. Two of the four HBsAg positive and five of the seven anti-HCV IgM antibody-positive patients also had anti-B19 IgM. After a six-month follow-up, four (25% of the 16 seronegative patients seroconverted and anti-B19 IgM antibodies were detected in their donor units. Conclusions: Most of multitransfused thalassemics were B19 seropositive or had anti-B19 IgM; in the remaining uninfected group, B19 got transmitted through infected / IgM-positive donor units.

  6. ANTHROPOMETRIC STUDY OF NASAL INDEX OF EGYPTIANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelmonem Awad Hegazy

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: The nasal index determination is one of the most commonly used anthropometric parameters in classifying human races. There are few reports in medical literature concerning nasal index that specifically address particular Egyptian populations. The objective of this study was to determine the normal parameters of external nose (width, height and nasal index in Egyptians. Methods: The study was conducted randomly on healthy Egyptian subjects of both sexes. Nasal height and width were measured using vernier caliper. Then, nasal index was determined for each subject. The obtained data were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: A total of 290 subjects, 144 males and 146 females, aged 1 month– 65 years, were enrolled in the study. The study showed the existence of sexual dimorphism in nasal morphology, appearing after the age 20 years. The mean nasal index in the investigated adults was 68.01; in males and females was 71.46 and 64.56, respectively. Conclusions: The dominant nasal type in Egyptians was in-between mesorrhine "medium" and leptorrhine "narrow" nose. Forensic and anthropological research, as well as cosmetic and reconstructive surgery may benefit from age- and sex- based data of the study.

  7. Hair-offerings: an enigmatic Egyptian custom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. J. Tassie

    1996-11-01

    Full Text Available The Egyptians did not record the reasons that lay behind the offering of hair. Using an holistic approach, which combines both ethnographic and ethnohistoric evidence, insights may be gained into the ancient remains of these rituals and practices.

  8. Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loukas, Marios; Hanna, Michael; Alsaiegh, Nada; Shoja, Mohammadali M; Tubbs, R Shane

    2011-05-01

    Egypt is famously known for its Nile and pyramids, yet not many people know that Egypt made possible the origin of the anatomical sciences. Several ancient papyri guide us through the Egyptians' exploration of the human body and how they applied anatomical knowledge to clinical medicine to the best of their knowledge. It is through records, such as the Edwin Smith, Ebers, and Kahun papyri and other literature detailing the work of the Egyptian embalmers, physicians, and Greek anatomists, that we are able to take a glimpse into the evolution of the anatomical sciences from 3000 B.C. to 250 B.C. It is through the Egyptian embalmer that we were able to learn of some of the first interactions with human organs and their detailed observation. The Egyptian physician's knowledge, being transcribed into the Ebers and Edwin Smith papyri, enabled future physicians to seek reference to common ailments for diagnosing and treating a variety of conditions ranging from head injuries to procedures, such as trans-sphenoidal surgery. In Alexandria, Herophilus, and Erasistratus made substantial contributions to the anatomical sciences by beginning the practice of human dissection. For instance, Herophilus described the anatomy of the heart valves along with Erasistratus who demonstrated how blood was prevented from flowing retrograde under normal conditions. Hence, from various records, we are able to unravel how Egypt paved the road for study of the anatomical sciences. PMID:21509810

  9. Islam in Egyptian Education: Grades K-12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neill, Charlotte M.

    2006-01-01

    This article explores the important role that the religion of Islam plays in the education of Egyptian children. The scrutiny under which the Islamic world finds itself in the after-math of September 11, 2001 has resulted in calls for educational reform, not only from the outside world, but also from the Muslim world itself. The author has a…

  10. Moessbauer spectroscopic analysis of ancient Egyptian pottery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ten pieces of Egyptian pottery ware and eleven silt samples collected at Hierakonopolis (Nile River, Egypt) were studied by Moessbauer spectroscopy. Three Nile silt samples and three pottery sherds were test fired and refired in an oxidized atmosphere up to 11000C. Changes of the Moessbauer parameters depend upon the firing temperatures as well as the firing atmosphere. (Auth.)

  11. Moessbauer effect study of ancient Egyptian pottery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moessbauer spectroscopy was used in examining ancient Egyptian pottery. From the values of Moessbauer parameters and the differences for the individual samples, conclusions could be drawn as to the temperature of baking and the kind of clay used in various archaeological periods. (A.K.)

  12. Evaluation of genetic bases and diversity of Egyptian wheat cultivars released during the last 50 years using coefficient of parentage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhoja R. Basnet

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Discerning the genetic diversity of any crop species provides insight into the strength of an applied breeding program and directs future breeding strategies aimed at long-term genetic gain and minimized genetic vulnerability. The number and abundance of ancestral parents present in the pedigree of crop cultivars can provide an average estimation of the depth of the genetic base of the overall crop improvement program. The objectives of this study were to estimate (1 the genetic similarity among 33 Egyptian wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cultivars and different eras of release (1947-2004 and productivity groups based on COP values, and (2 the relative genetic contribution and abundance of ancestral parents from different geographical origins to the total gene pool of Egyptian wheat cultivars. Broad genetic diversity was observed among 33 Egyptian cultivars with average COP value of 0.11 and large numbers of ancestral parents (155 landraces traced to 31 countries. The genetic base ranged from very low in pre 1960’s cultivars such as ‘Giza 139’ (with only 3 landraces in the background to very high in modern cultivars such as ‘Gemmeiza-7’ (with 73 landraces in the background. ‘Hindi-62’, ‘Red Fife’, ‘Hard Red Calcutta’ and ‘Akagomughi’ were the major ancestors with 6, 5, 4, and 4% of total genetic contribution to the Egyptian wheat gene pool, respectively. Egypt, United States of America, Kenya and Ukraine were the major source countries with 16, 11, 9 and 7% of total genetic contribution to this gene pool, respectively. Though Marquis-Thatcher germplasm from North America has the greatest influence on overall Egyptian cultivars, Mexican-based sources of dwarfing and high yield, derived from ancestors such as ‘Akagomughi’ and ‘Daruma’ and exploited by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT, were very prominent in Egyptian cultivars post 1970’s.

  13. Ancient Egyptian roots in the modern medical and pharmaceutical civilisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Gammal, S Y

    1994-07-01

    The Egyptian civilisation was long before any of the neighbouring countries. Medicine and pharmacy in ancient Egypt were deeply rooted since mellenia of years. The ancient Egyptian medical papyri, discovered more than a century ago, proved that the Egyptians were the first to attain civilisation, which was copied and adopted by all the neighbouring countries and not the reverse as believed by the Europeans that the ancient Greece was the cradle of civilisation. PMID:11609032

  14. EGYPTIAN MUTUAL FUNDS ANALYSIS: HISTORY, PERFORMANCE, OBJECTIVES, RISK AND RETURN

    OpenAIRE

    Stefea, Petru; Wagdi Wadi, Osama; Mamdouh Abbas, Karim

    2013-01-01

    The present research aims to overview the mutual fund in Egypt. The establishment of the first mutual funds was achieved in 1994. Nowadays, the total mutual funds reached 90 funds , approximately. The income funds represent the largest share of the Egyptian mutual funds (40%), growth funds (25%) and the private equity funds is at least (1%). The total population of the Egyptian mutual funds reached 22. Finally, the study proved that the Egyptian mutual funds have an impact on fund return , to...

  15. studies on extraction of some nuclear materials from egyptian ores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present thesis is devoted to systematic studies on extraction of some nuclear materials from egyptian ores. Extraction of thorium, uranium and rare earths from egyptian monazite and beryllium from egyptian beryl mineral, was investigated. Such elements were taken as a representative group of reactor materials, currently used as fuel and for structural and cladding purposes. In an introducing chapter, various nuclear materials are reviewed. Their importance in nuclear field, physical characteristics, nuclear and non- nuclear uses are surveyed

  16. Young Egyptians’ perceptions, attitudes and knowledge of injuries

    OpenAIRE

    Day, Hannah R.; El-setouhy, Maged; El-Shinawi, Mohamed; Assem, Amr; Ismail, Mona; Salem, Marwa; Gordon S. Smith; Hirshon, Jon Mark

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study was to qualitatively evaluate young Egyptians’ perceptions, attitudes, knowledge and behaviour towards injuries before implementation of an extensive questionnaire about injuries among Egyptian youth. In 2008, five focus groups of three to nine participants each were conducted in Cairo, Egypt in Arabic to evaluate young Egyptians’ attitudes towards injuries, injury prevention, and their understanding of ‘accidents’ and fatalism. Participants were 14–26 ye...

  17. The Migratory Patterns of Egyptians in Italy and France

    OpenAIRE

    Zohry, Ayman

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, a new migration stream from Egypt to Europe, especially to Italy and France, has been observed. In this study, an attempt is made to explore Egyptian migratory patterns in these two countries. Firstly, migration statistics and estimates of Egyptians abroad vary according to source. The Egyptian estimates are always higher than the receiving countries’ estimates and, sometimes, estimates vary from one source to another within one country. These discrepancies i...

  18. Numerical computations of 1303 tsunamigenic propagation towards Alexandria, Egyptian Coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamouda, A. Z.

    2006-01-01

    A numerical model is presented to assess the probable tsunami impact of future earthquakes occurring along the Eastern Mediterranean Ridge, and their effect on Alexandria, Egypt. On the 8th of August 1303 a major earthquake of magnitude about eight caused a large tsunami that killed many people around Alexandria, where ships were carried over buildings and settled on land. Calculations were done with an initial condition of continuous water flow normal to the shore line. This tsunamigenic event was examined to study the effect of location, direction, travel time and height towards the Egyptian Coast. Computed tsunami features such as travel times and run-up height distribution are given; which are useful in the evaluation of the tsunami hazard.

  19. Rise of the Israelo-Egyptian cooperation for energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cooperation between Israel and Egyptian Arab Republic relative to the petroleum trade spreads out. The most important project is about a joint venture to build in three years a petroleum refinery able to treat 100 000 barrels by day of egyptian heavy crude oil and light petroleum coming from Golf countries. This refinery would be in the area of Ameriya. An other Israelo-Egyptian project of refinery at Port-Said is under negotiations. Israel signed an Egyptian natural gas purchasing contract and then an agreement to build a gas pipeline to convey this natural gas

  20. Natural radioactivity for some Egyptian building material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Study of the radiation hazards for the building materials is interested in most international countries. Measurements of natural radioactivity was verified for some egyptian building materials to assess any possible radiological hazard to man by the use of such materials. The measurements for the level of natural radioactivity in the materials was determined by ?-ray spectrum using HP Ge detector. A track detector Cr-39 was used to measure the radon exhalation rate from these materials. The radon exhalation rates were found to vary from 2.83±0.86 to 41.57 ± 8.38 mBqm-2 h-1 for egyptian alabaster. The absorbed dose rate in air is lower than the international recommended value (55 n Gy h-1) for all test samples

  1. Chemical composition of Egyptian and UAE propolis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Said, Sobhi A; Khan, Saeed A; Ahmad, Iqbal; Ali, Hayam S

    2006-01-01

    The chemical composition of propolis samples obtained from Behera, Egypt and Dubai, UAE, have been investigated by GC-MS and thirty four compounds have been tentatively identified. Some of these compounds have not been reported previously in Egyptian propolis from different regions. The Egyptian sample contains a high amount of aliphatic (13.7%) and aromatic (14.4%) acids. The alcohols, phenols and esters account for about 17.0% of the total content analysed. Some anthraquinone and flavone derivatives have also been detected (10%). The UAE sample is characterised by the presence of a high content of aliphatic acids (15.2%) and a low content of aromatic acids (4.3%). The aldehydes, alcohols, phenols and esters amount to about 9%. In addition to these some other compounds (high molecular weight alkanes, sugar derivatives, anthraquinone derivatives and flavone derivatives) are also present to the extent of about 33%. PMID:16632455

  2. Mitochondrial genome sequence of Egyptian swift Rock Pigeon (Columba livia breed Egyptian swift).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chun-Hong; Shi, Wei; Shi, Wan-Yu

    2015-06-01

    The Egyptian swift Rock Pigeon is a breed of fancy pigeon developed over many years of selective breeding. In this work, we report the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Egyptian swift Rock Pigeon. The total length of the mitogenome was 17,239?bp and its overall base composition was estimated to be 30.2% for A, 24.0% for T, 31.9% for C and 13.9% for G, indicating an A-T (54.2%)-rich feature in the mitogenome. It contained the typical structure of 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 22 transfer RNA genes and a non-coding control region (D-loop region). The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Egyptian swift Rock Pigeon would serve as an important data set of the germplasm resources for further study. PMID:24438285

  3. Feminist Perspectives on the Egyptian Revolution

    OpenAIRE

    Hellstrand, Anna

    2012-01-01

    The Egyptian Revolution 2011 created a space and opportunity to forward important demands concerning different social and political issues, amongst these matters related to women's status and situations in the society. Feminist and women's rights proponents in Egypt conceptualize the aims of a feminist or women's rights agenda as (women's) human rights and citizen's rights, independence, freedom and choice, though such universal concepts are understood in accordance with particular cultural o...

  4. Mössbauer spectroscopic analysis of ancient Egyptian pottery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, John G.; Zhu, Wenjun

    1986-02-01

    Ten pieces of Egyptian pottery ware and eleven silt samples collected at Hierakonopolis (Nile River, Egypt) were studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy. Three Nile silt samples and three pottery sherds were test fired and refired in an oxidized atmosphere up to 1100°C. Changes of the Mössbauer parameters depend upon the firing temperatures as well as the firing atmosphere. Three kinds of pottery were studied: Plum Red Ware, Straw Tempered Ware, and Orange Ware.

  5. Two rare mutations in Turkey: IVS I.130(G-C) and IVS II.848(C-A).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nal, N; Manguoglu, A E; Sargin, C F; Keser, I; Kupesiz, A; Yesilipek, A; Luleci, G

    2005-08-01

    Beta-thalassemia, an autosomal recessive disease, results from mutations of the beta-globin gene. More than 40 different mutations found in Turkish beta-thalassemia patients are mostly composed of point mutations, and only in very rare cases a deletion or an insertion causes beta-thalassemia phenotypes. Here, we report two patients who were clinically diagnosed with beta-thalassemia major and HbS/beta-thalassemia respectively. We performed reverse dot blot hybridization method and automated sequence analysis to detect the mutations. One of the patients was found to be IVS I.130 (G-C) homozygous, the other was HbS/IVS II.848 (C-A) as compound heterozygous. The aim of this study was to report hematological and clinical findings in both cases related with beta-globin gene defects that are very rare. PMID:16048497

  6. Enhancement of Nuclear Security Measures: Egyptian Case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Egypt benefited from the peaceful uses of nuclear energy since the second half of twentieth century and established several nuclear and radiation facilities, activities and practices such as research reactors, fuel fabrication facility, gamma irradiators, and utilization of radioactive sources in different applications. Consequently, Egypt’s concern is to enhance and improve the nuclear security systems in the above mentioned facilities, activities and practices as well as enhance the nuclear security regime on the national, regional and international levels. In this paper, several steps taken by Egypt in the field of nuclear security in its various aspects such as the legal and regulatory frameworks, physical protection of nuclear material and facilities, nuclear material accounting and security of radioactive sources will be presented. Egyptian human resources development strategy for the purpose of improving the efficiency, building, upgrading and strengthening the knowledge and skills of the personnel who are working in the nuclear and radiological fields as well as other activities that related to nuclear security will also be discussed. The Egyptian nuclear security strategy is under development taking in its consideration the present nuclear security measures and the future perspective to develop and improve the Egyptian nuclear security infrastructure. (author)

  7. Visitor Perceptions of Ancient Egyptian Human Remains in Three United Kindom Museums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugh Kilminster

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Although the issues of retention and display of human remains have become topical over the last decade, the thoughts of museum visitors about this topic have not been registered, despite their being the museums’ main stakeholder. The vast majority (82.5% of 300 respondents questioned in the summer of 2002 at three British museums displaying ancient Egyptian human remains supported the idea of having these remains on display. However, a small percentage of visitors (14.2% wanted the remains displayed in a "more appropriate and respectful environment", and this may be the key future challenge for collections with human remains that have no cultural descendants. This paper summarises research into visitor perceptions of ancient Egyptian human remains in museum collections and on display in the United Kingdom and suggests further research into the various aspects of human remains in museums, particularly regarding more recent remains or those with cultural descendants.

  8. A new look at old bread: ancient Egyptian baking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delwen Samuel

    1999-11-01

    Full Text Available Despite abundant archaeological, pictorial and textual evidence of ancient Egyptian life and death, we have little detailed information about the staple diet of most of the population. Now experimental work by a postdoctoral Wellcome Research Fellow in Bioarchaeology at the Institute is revealing how the ancient Egyptians made their daily bread.

  9. Egyptian Art Institutions and Art Education from 1908 to 1951

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    This study of Egyptian aesthetics interprets the historical and political context of artistic discourse in the early twentieth century. In a period marked by intense struggle between landlords and rural laborers during the Depression and World War II, the author compares the rise of the Egyptian Surrealists, from the late 1930s, and the…

  10. SOME IMPORTANT FACTORS AFFECTING EVOLUTION OF ACTIVITY BASED COSTING (ABC SYSTEM IN EGYPTIAN MANUFACTURING FIRMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karim MAMDOUH ABBAS

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The present investigation aims to determine the factors affecting evolution of Activity Based Costing (ABC system in Egyptian case. The study used the survey method to describe and analyze these factors in some Egyptian firms. The population of the study is Egyptian manufacturing firms. Accordingly, the number of received questionnaires was 392 (23 Egyptian manufacturing firms in the first half of 2013. Finally, the study stated some influencing factors for evolution this system (ABC in Egyptian manufacturing firms.

  11. Infrared absorption spectra of Egyptian Serpentine Rock

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Infrared absorption spectra of natural egyptian serpentine rock were recorded in the frequency range 200-4000 cm-1, and through the temperature range 200-1000 degree C for 2 hours. The chemical bonds within the lattice structure of serpentine are interpenetrated quantitatively. From the intensities and frequencies shift op the characteristic infrared bands spectra, through heat treatment, we can detect the first endothermic reaction due to the loss of hydroxyl bonds up to 700 degree C, and recrystallization for forsterite refractory at 800 degree C, with the characteristics infrared bands at 506-521 cm-1 of Si-O bending vibrations, at 880-888 cm-1 of Si O-Al vibrations, and at 1000-1075 cm-1 of Si-O stretching vibrations. The infrared bands at 350-398 cm-1 (Si-O bend), and 400-448 cm-1 (Si-O-Mg) are sensitive to follow the phase transformation through heat treatment. Where Egyptian serpentine rock of chemical composition Mg6(Si4 O10) (OH8), or Mg3(Si2 O5)(OH4) or 3 Mg O.2 Si O2.2 H2 O magnesium hydrositicate, trioctahedral 1:1 family layer lattice silicate still with its lattice structure till 700 degree C. endothermic reaction due to the deformation of hydroxyl bonds, and then formation of forsterite of chemical composition 2 Mg O.Si O2 from 800 degree C, and the infrared absorption spectra of egyptian serpentine detect a minor quantities of A12 O3 and this phase of tine is Antigorite Mg3(Si2 O5)(OH)4 trioctahedral 1:1 family and high purest related to its standard. Most of the intensities of the characteristics infrared bands spectra are decreased as temperature increases up to 1000 degree C. 2 figs.,2 tabs

  12. German-Egyptian seminar on environmental research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial development and scientific advancement have opened new frontiers of interest and challenges. Anthropogenic activities are increasingly upsetting the natural environmental balance and are at the same time shifting from local impact to global importance. Science is confronted with the challenge to answer the question of what are the consequences of anthropogenic changes to the environment and to help politics formulate countermeasures for the sake of a sustainable future. Protect results achieved within the Egyptian-German cooperation were presented to the scientific community and to the interested public and discussions on future lines of actions took place. (orig./KW)

  13. Computer tomographic investigation of ancient Egyptian mummies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiological and computer tomographic examinations of Egyptian mummies have been carried out at the Institute of Anthropology and Human Genetics from 1975 to 1978. These have demonstrated the value of CT in medical archaeology. It enables one to study the soft tissues, the skin (if bandaged), the muscles and any organs retained in situ for magical or religious reason. Measurements of attenuation values indicate the materials which were used for mummifying the skin and organs. Characteristic examples are described and the early results of these examinations are discussed. (orig.)

  14. A-APR Egyptian Fractions II

    Science.gov (United States)

    This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Ancient Egyptians used unit fractions, such as $\\frac{1}{2}$ and $\\frac{1}{3}$, to represent all other fractions. For example, they might express the n...

  15. SURGICAL PROCEDURES DURING ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MUMMIFICATION

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bob, Brier; Ronald S., Wade.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Los autores intentaron replicar el sistema de momificación egipcia en un cadáver humano actual y en un trabajo anterior, los autores publicaron sus resultados sobre el uso de natron en la momificación antigua. Este informe presenta los procedimientos quirúrgicos utilizados durante el proceso de momi [...] ficación Abstract in english The authors attempted to replicate Egyptian mummification with a human cadaver. In a previous paper, the authors reported their findings on the use of natron in ancient mummification. This paper discusses the surgical procedures used in evisceration during mummification [...

  16. EGYPTIAN MUTUAL FUNDS ANALYSIS: HISTORY, PERFORMANCE, OBJECTIVES, RISK AND RETURN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petru STEFEA

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The present research aims to overview the mutual fund in Egypt. The establishment of the first mutual funds was achieved in 1994. Nowadays, the total mutual funds reached 90 funds , approximately. The income funds represent the largest share of the Egyptian mutual funds (40%, growth funds (25% and the private equity funds is at least (1%. The total population of the Egyptian mutual funds reached 22. Finally, the study proved that the Egyptian mutual funds have an impact on fund return , total risk and systemic; when analysis relationship between risk and return. The study found influencing for mutual fund's objectives on Sharpe and Terynor ratios.

  17. ?-Thalassemia: Early prenatal diagnosis

    OpenAIRE

    GÜVEN, Davut; ÖKTEN, Gülsen; KOÇAK, ?dris; ÜSTÜN, Cazip

    2012-01-01

    A case of beta-thalassemia major diagnosed by fetal DNA analysis on a chorion biopsy during the 11th, week of gestation is described. A 30 year-old Gravida 2, Parite 1 patient whose firstborn died of beta thalassemia major (Cd8/A) when 2 years old, was admitted to our clinic on her 10th week of pregnancy. Chorionic villus sampling was performed and resulted as beta thalassemia major (Cd8/Cd8). ??-Talasemi: Do?um öncesi erken tan? ?Bu vakada 11 hafta gebelik s?ras?nda koryon villus ...

  18. Physicochemical and radiological studies on some egyptian aquatic areas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the purpose of estimating the radiological health and safety to the Egyptian population arises from the natural background involved with coastal areas, it is necessary to make a comprehensive study to investigate the natural radionuclides activities in this environmental ecology. The locations of such areas were chosen from those in which people spend some time (e.g. the Mediterranean and Red Sea beaches, Suez Canal in addition to the River Nile Ismailia Canal and Quaroun Lake). Water and soil samples were brought from these locations and subjected to intensive physical, chemical analysis and radiological investigations. The densities of the collected soil samples were found to fall in the region of clay densities (2.30 - 2.70 g/cm 3 ). The particle size distribution analysis, of these soil samples showed values ranging from 128 ? m to 1303 ? according to sample site. The collected samples are mainly silicates with variable amounts of the major cations; Ca++, Mg++, Na+, K+ with some other trace elements. For the radiological investigations 238U, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K activity concentrations were resolved by spectroscopy technique. The majority of samples examined in this work showed variable activities of the naturally occurring radionuclides with fairly low levels compared with literature values reported in other countries. The analysis and discussions of the obtained data are thoroughly performed with the use of equations to estimate the radiation doses

  19. Antibacterial activity of selected Egyptian ethnomedicinal plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mashait, M.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: Medicinal plants have recently received the attention of the antimicrobial activity of plants and their metabolites due to the challenge of growing incidences of drug-resistant pathogens. The aims of this study were to determine the antibacterial activities of plant extracts used as ethnomedicinal in Egypt. Methodology and Results: Investigations were carried out to assess the antibacterial efficiency of 11 plant extracts used as ethnopharmacological among Egyptian native people against infectious diseases. Crude methanol, ethanol,chloroform, hexane, acetone and aqueous extract of plants were tested for antibacterial activity in vitro against ten bacterial isolates using the disc diffusion method test. Discs were impregnated with 2 mg/mL of different solvent extracts. Among all the crude extracts, the methanol extract showed the highest activity than other extracts. P. harmala and S. officinalis exhibited highest antibacterial activity against gram positive and negative bacteria while the remainingplants extracts showed less activity. All the plant extracts showed no significant effect against the Bordetella bronchisepta ATCC 4617 except the extracts of M. fragrans and L. sativum. E. coli is the most sensitive microorganism tested, with the lowest MIC value (0.5 mg/mL in the presence of the plant extract of P. harmala and S. officinalis.Conclusion, significance and impact of study: Results obtained herein, may suggest that the ethnomedicinal Egyptian plants possess antimicrobial activity and therefore, they can be used in biotechnological fields as natural preservative ingredients in food and/or pharmaceutical industry.

  20. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology

    Science.gov (United States)

    The history of the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology at University College London involves several notable figures of 19th century Britain, and is worth recounting briefly. The Museum was created through the largesse of one Amelia Edwards, a nineteenth century Englishwoman who have developed a great respect and reverence for Egyptian antiquity, and who herself made several extended visits to Egypt. After Ms. Edwards' sizeable gift in 1892, Professor William Flinders Petrie (who was appointed through the bequest made by Ms. Edwards) continued his ambitious program of excavations, thereby growing the collection to one of international stature. Visitors to the site will want to start by viewing personal favorites from the collection offered by the various curators at the museum and by searching the online catalog of its holdings. If visitors are so inclined, they may browse through the categories (such as tools and weapons and buildings and furniture). Within each category, visitors may continue to find out detailed information about each object, and they may also view each object from a number of angles and rotations. Finally, visitors may participate in a brief online poll and learn more about visiting the museum in London, if they so desire.

  1. Nutritive Value of Irradiated Egyptian Truffles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, the nutritive value of truffles was evaluated as protein efficiency ratio (C-PER) compared with casein C-PER. of white truffle was higher than brown truffle and therefore had a better nutritional quality over the brown truffle. Egyptian truffle could be considered as a good source of protein with good essential amino acids content and high nutritive value. It was found that white and brown truffles (Al-Kamah) grow in the north westarn coast of the Egyptian desert, white truffle was identified as Tirmania nivea while brown truffle was identified as Terfezia boudieri. Rats were fed on normal diet as (basal diet) for two weeks, then they were fed on the same diet with 10% of casein (control diet), replaced by 20% of irradiated and non irradiated white and brown truffle dried samples as a protein source. The nutritive value parameters were measured at the end of the experiment, gains in body weight, daily food intake, feed conversion ratio, protein efficiency ratio were measured, biological value, the biological effect on liver kideny function serum glucose. LDL and HDL-cholesterol were investigated too

  2. Estimates of the effect on hepatic iron of oral deferiprone compared with subcutaneous desferrioxamine for treatment of iron overload in thalassemia major: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caro J

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Beta thalassemia major requires regular blood transfusions and iron chelation to alleviate the harmful accumulation of iron. Evidence on the efficacy and safety of the available agents, desferrioxamine and deferiprone, is derived from small, non-comparative, heterogeneous observational studies. This evidence was reviewed to quantitatively compare the ability of these chelators to reduce hepatic iron. Methods The literature was searched using Medline and all reports addressing the effect of either chelator on hepatic iron were considered. Data were abstracted independently by two investigators. Analyses were performed using reported individual patient data. Hepatic iron concentrations at study end and changes over time were compared using ANCOVA, controlling for initial iron load. Differences in the proportions of patients improving were tested using ?2. Results Eight of 11 reports identified provided patient-level data relating to 30 desferrioxamine- and 68 deferiprone-treated patients. Desferrioxamine was more likely than optimal dose deferiprone to decrease hepatic iron over the average follow-up of 45 months (odds ratio, 19.0, 95% CI, 2.4 to 151.4. The degree of improvement was also larger with desferrioxamine. Conclusions This analysis suggests that desferrioxamine is more effective than deferiprone in lowering hepatic iron. This comparative analysis – despite its limitations – should prove beneficial to physicians faced with the challenge of selecting the optimal treatment for their patients.

  3. Genetic drift evolution under vaccination pressure among H5N1 Egyptian isolates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afifi Manal A

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Background The highly pathogenic H5N1 is a major avian pathogen that intensively affects the poultry industry in Egypt even in spite of the adoption of vaccination strategy. Antigenic drift is among the strategies the influenza virus uses to escape the immune system that might develop due to the pressure of extensive vaccination. H5N1 mutates in an intensified manner and is considered a potential candidate for the possible next pandemic with all the catastrophic consequences such an eventuality will entail. Methods H5N1 was isolated from the pooled organ samples of four different affected flocks in specific pathogen free embryonated chicken eggs (SPF-ECE. A reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR was performed to the haemagglutingin and neuraminidase. Sequencing of the full length haemagglutingin was performed. Sequence analyses of the isolated strains were performed and compared to all available H5N1 from Egyptian human and avian strains in the flu database. Changes in the different amino acid that may be related to virus virulence, receptor affinity and epitope configuration were assigned and matched with all available Egyptian strains in the flu database. Results One out of the four strains was found to be related to the B2 Egyptian lineage, 2 were related to A1 lineage and the 4th was related to A2 lineage. Comparing data obtained from the current study by other available Egyptian H5N1 sequences remarkably demonstrates that amino acid changes in the immune escape variants are remarkably restricted to a limited number of locations on the HA molecule during antigenic drift. Molecular diversity in the HA gene, in relevance to different epitopes, were not found to follow a regular trend, suggesting abrupt cumulative sequence mutations. However a number of amino acids were found to be subjected to high mutation pressure. Conclusion The current data provides a comprehensive view of HA gene evolution among H5N1 subtype viruses in Egypt. Egyptian H5N1-AIVs are constantly undergoing genetic changes and reveal a complex pattern of drifts. These findings raise the concerns about the value of using influenza vaccines in correlation with the development of antigenic drift in influenza epidemics.

  4. General fire protection guidelines for Egyptian nuclear installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this paper is to establish the regulatory requirements that will provide and ensure fire protection of Egyptian nuclear installations. Two or more classes of occupancy are considered to occur in the same building or structure. Fire protection measures and systems were reviewed for four of the Egyptian nuclear installations. These are Egypt's first research reactor (ET-RR-1) building and systems, hot laboratories buildings and facilities, the building including the AECL type JS-6500 industrial cobalt-60 gamma irradiator ''Egypt's Mega Gamma I'' and Egypt's second research multi-purpose reactor (MPR). A brief review is given about fire incidents in Egypt, and descriptions of the only fire reported at one of the Egyptian nuclear installations over more than 35 years of operating these installations. The study outlines the various aspects of fire protection with a view to define the relevant highlights and scope of an Egyptian guidelines. (author)

  5. Egyptian international labor migration and social processes: toward regional integration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sell, R R

    1988-01-01

    This article reviews evidence that contemporary Egyptian international labor migration to oil-rich Arab countries has followed a classic social process which starts with a homo economicus phase, advances into a goal reorientation phase, and ends with the establishment of diaspora communities in destination societies. The history of Egyptian migration, current estimates of migration, the role of Egyptians in selected Arab countries, and emergent processes all were found to support the predictions of the social process model. Particularly important support comes from the finding that all social classes participated in this migration. For 1982, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, based on individual consulate figures, reported 2.9 million migrants in oil-rich countries. Conclusions suggest the likelihood that Egyptian migration processes will promote economic and perhaps social integration in the region. PMID:12281731

  6. Leptin, insulin and thyroid hormones in a cohort of Egyptian obese Down syndrome children: a comparative study

    OpenAIRE

    Yahia Sohier; EL-farahaty Reham M; El-Hawary Amany K; El-hussiny Mona A; Abdel-maseih Hanaa; El-Dahtory Faeza; El-Gilany Abdel-Hady

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Obesity is a major worldwide health problem. It is commonly observed in Down syndrome individuals than in the general population. The reason for increased risk of obesity in DS is unclear. The current study was designed to clarify differences in some obesity- related hormones in a group of prepubertal Down syndrome children. Methods Thirty six Egyptian children with Down syndrome were enrolled in this study, divided according to their body mass index (BMI) into 23 obese an...

  7. Did the ancient Egyptians migrate to ancient Nigeria?

    OpenAIRE

    Jock M. Agai

    2014-01-01

    Literatures concerning the history of West African peoples published from 1900 to 1970 debate the possible migrations of the Egyptians into West Africa. Writers like Samuel Johnson and Lucas Olumide believe that the ancient Egyptians penetrated through ancient Nigeria but Leo Frobenius and Geoffrey Parrinder frowned at this opinion. Using the works of these early 20th century writers of West African history together with a Yoruba legend which teaches about the origin of their earliest ancesto...

  8. Civil Society in Egypt : Represented by two Egyptian newspapers

    OpenAIRE

    El Masry, Sophia

    2006-01-01

    The Egyptian civil society operates under a number of formal restrictions and the government’s repressive policy has held back the emergence of autonomous organisations and made them lose their power and impact. Nevertheless, civil society organisations in Egypt have grown in number, scope of activities and impact. In addition, the press has got relatively greater freedom of expression. Taking this evolution in account, this essay examines the contemporary Egyptian civil society in practice t...

  9. Nitrogenase Activity of Pseudomonas corrugata Isolated from Egyptian Lettuce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emad A. Abada

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present study an isolate capable of root colonization of Egyptian Lettuce was isolated from the roots after selective enrichment. The isolated strain was identified as Pseudomonas corrugata by using Biochemical and Biolog identification system. The isolate has been found to be positive for nitrogenase activity. This root-colonized bacterium has not been previously isolated from Egyptian Lettuce and could be used as a bio-fertilizer.

  10. Application of Mössbauer spectroscopy in investigating Egyptian archaeology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eissa, N. A.; Sallam, H. A.

    1988-12-01

    This article summarizes the results of applications of the Mössbauer spectroscopy to investigate Ancient Egyptian pottery from the periods: Ancient Egyptian (3200 525 B.C.) Greek-Roman (320 B.C. 640 A.C.) and Early Islamic (800 1000 A.C.). Many objective informations deduced about: provinance, manufacturing techniques for different domestic purposes, civilization transfer between the Arab countries, methods of colouration and applying decorating glazes, and finally dating of ancient pottery.

  11. Application of Moessbauer spectroscopy in investigating Egyptian archaeology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article summarizes the results of applications of the Moessbauer spectroscopy to investigate Ancient Egyptian pottery from the periods: Ancient Egyptian (3200-525 B.C.), Greek-Roman (320 B.C.-640 A.C.) and Early Islamic (800-1000 A.C.). Many objective informations deduced about: provinance, manufacturing techniques for different domestic purposes, civilization transfer between the Arab countries, methods of colouration and applying decorating glazes, and finally dating of ancient pottery. (orig.)

  12. Connecting Philosophy of Ancient Egyptians to Modern Thinking

    OpenAIRE

    Aminuddin Hassan; Nurul A.A.K. Anuar; Norhasni Z. ABIDDIN

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: Associating any knowledge from ancient Egyptians to modern civilization and thinking was important and had its own value. The process of understanding knowledge related to ancient Egyptians is actually based on the nature of philosophical thought. Approach: In the discussion of ancient Egypt philosophy, it is important to look at it from the perspectives of the four branches of philosophy; metaphysics, epistemology, axiology and logic. Metaphysics has two elements, which ar...

  13. Egyptian Activism against Female Genital Cutting as Catachrestic Claiming

    OpenAIRE

    An Van Raemdonck

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with questions of the politics of location in knowledge and norm production within the context of Egyptian feminist activism for abandoning female genital cutting practices. It seeks to determine underlying schemes of international campaigning discourse and analyzes how these predicate and complicate Egyptian postcolonial activism. It draws on a broad literature study in addition to fieldwork in Cairo consisting of in-depth interviews with activists and policy makers. My focu...

  14. Biodiversity of Bacterial Ecosystems in Traditional Egyptian Domiati Cheese?

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Baradei, Gaber; Delacroix-Buchet, Agnès; Ogier, Jean-Claude

    2007-01-01

    Bacterial biodiversity occurring in traditional Egyptian soft Domiati cheese was studied by PCR-temporal temperature gel electrophoresis (TTGE) and PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Bands were identified using a reference species database (J.-C. Ogier et al., Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:5628-5643, 2004); de novo bands having nonidentified migration patterns were identified by DNA sequencing. Results reveal a novel bacterial profile and extensive bacterial biodiversity in Domiati cheeses, as reflected by the numerous bands present in TTGE and DGGE patterns. The dominant lactic acid bacteria (LAB) identified were as follows: Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactococcus garvieae, Aerococcus viridans, Lactobacillus versmoldensis, Pediococcus inopinatus, and Lactococcus lactis. Frequent non-LAB species included numerous coagulase-negative staphylococci, Vibrio spp., Kocuria rhizophila, Kocuria kristinae, Kocuria halotolerans, Arthrobacter spp./Brachybacterium tyrofermentans. This is the first time that the majority of these species has been identified in Domiati cheese. Nearly all the dominant and frequent bacterial species are salt tolerant, and several correspond to known marine bacteria. As Domiati cheese contains 5.4 to 9.5% NaCl, we suggest that these bacteria are likely to have an important role in the ripening process. This first systematic study of the microbial composition of Domiati cheeses reveals great biodiversity and evokes a role for marine bacteria in determining cheese type. PMID:17189434

  15. Biodiversity of bacterial ecosystems in traditional Egyptian Domiati cheese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Baradei, Gaber; Delacroix-Buchet, Agnès; Ogier, Jean-Claude

    2007-02-01

    Bacterial biodiversity occurring in traditional Egyptian soft Domiati cheese was studied by PCR-temporal temperature gel electrophoresis (TTGE) and PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Bands were identified using a reference species database (J.-C. Ogier et al., Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:5628-5643, 2004); de novo bands having nonidentified migration patterns were identified by DNA sequencing. Results reveal a novel bacterial profile and extensive bacterial biodiversity in Domiati cheeses, as reflected by the numerous bands present in TTGE and DGGE patterns. The dominant lactic acid bacteria (LAB) identified were as follows: Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactococcus garvieae, Aerococcus viridans, Lactobacillus versmoldensis, Pediococcus inopinatus, and Lactococcus lactis. Frequent non-LAB species included numerous coagulase-negative staphylococci, Vibrio spp., Kocuria rhizophila, Kocuria kristinae, Kocuria halotolerans, Arthrobacter spp./Brachybacterium tyrofermentans. This is the first time that the majority of these species has been identified in Domiati cheese. Nearly all the dominant and frequent bacterial species are salt tolerant, and several correspond to known marine bacteria. As Domiati cheese contains 5.4 to 9.5% NaCl, we suggest that these bacteria are likely to have an important role in the ripening process. This first systematic study of the microbial composition of Domiati cheeses reveals great biodiversity and evokes a role for marine bacteria in determining cheese type. PMID:17189434

  16. Examination of an Egyptian mummy - stereolithography applied

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the techniques of three dimensional imaging and stereolithography based on serial CAT-scans applied to the examination of the skull of an Egyptian mummy. Both the three dimensional image and the polymeric cast of the mummy skull presented finer details. It was confirmed that the subject was a male, approximately 30 - 35 years old. Fracturing of the ethmoid bone, e=sequelae to the removal of the brain, was observed in both types of presentations. Apart from this and signs of parodontitis, no pathology was observed. Stereolithography is a most powerful, non-destructive approach to the study of mummies. It might solve some of the problems of reburials, and further be of value in forensic medicine and paleo-ontology. (authors)

  17. Spectral signature of Egyptian crude oils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghatass, Z. F.; Nashed, A. W.; Saleh, I. H.; Mohmed, M. M.

    2014-11-01

    Crude petroleum oils are complex mixtures of diverse hydrocarbons, in widely varying compositions, that originate from a variety of geological sources. Fluorescence emission spectra have been measured for two types of Egyptian crude petroleum oil, its light and heavy products over a broad range of excitation and emission wavelengths. Both types of crude oil products are characterized by spectral signatures with a differing topography: the number of fluorescent peaks, their coordinates (?ex, ?em) on the plane of the three dimensions spectrum, and the shape of the bands formed by the contour line density, changeable in either direction. The refined light oil shows emission spectra at ?max between 350 and 500 nm according to the excitation wavelength. The refined heavy oil shows very broad unstructured emission spectra with ?max > 400 nm. As a group, they could certainly be distinguished from the light oil samples and most of the crude oil.

  18. Radon Progeny in Egyptian Underground Phosphate Mines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In addition to the workers in uranium mines, the staff of other underground mines, such as workers in underground phosphate mines, can be exposed to 222Rn and its progeny. In this study the individual radon progeny concentrations were measured in three Egyptian underground phosphate mines to estimate the occupational exposure of the workers at those sites. A filter method was used to measure individual radon progeny concentrations (218Po, 214Pb and 214Po). The reported mean values of radon progeny concentrations exceed the action levels which are recommended by ICRP 65 (1993). Based on the measured individual radon progeny concentrations (218Po, 214Pb and 214Po) in these mines, the annual effective dose for the workers has been calculated using the lung dose model of ICRP 66 (1994). According to the obtained results, some countermeasures were recommended in this study to minimise these exposure levels. (author)

  19. Upgrading the Egyptian Scanning Land mine Detectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article presents and discusses the upgrading processes which were performed to increase the detection capability of the Egyptian Scanning Land mine Detectors, ESCALAD system. The upgrading processes include different designs which were made to mount the detectors tray. These arrangements aim to overcome the effect of the soil surface roughness and stand off distance on the scanning capability. Also a more stable and reliable PCI data acquisition board with fast Digital I/O up to 125 M/s was used. Moreover, data acquisition software which uses different algorithms for background subtraction and 2D-image filtration was build and developed. The software was build using Qt-cross-platform application and other Linux based packages. Examples of images constructed from experimental measurements using the upgraded and modified software are given and discussed. The obtained displayed images show more developed improvements and reliability.

  20. Attitude of Egyptian consumer towards irradiated food

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study aims at the evaluation of the opinion and attitude of the consumer as to what extent they accept or refuse food preservation by radiation. Also detect the method that can attract the consumers to adopt the technique and ensure the success handling of irradiated in egyptian market. One thousand and twenty two poll sheets were collected. The questionnaire was supported with simplified information about the use of atomic energy and radiation for peaceful purpose. From the results, 62.43% of the total sample size accepted the radiation technology persons that were convinced with the advantage of using irradiated food reached 70.45% . As to keep on being applied of the technology 73.97% of the total sample size agreed persons said yes to irradiated food for consumption if it is made available in the market were 57.53%

  1. Higher Education Externalities in Egyptian Labor Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanan Nazier

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Augmenting a Mincerian earnings function with governorate level data, this paper estimated the external return to higher education for individuals in Egypt in 2010. The results suggested that these externalities are negative and exist only for female workers, while for males these externalities were again negative but statistically insignificant. A unit increase in governorate average higher education is associated with a 68% decrease in females’ hourly wage. This could be explained by the fact that education degrees are simply used as a device to signal higher ability without raising productivity. Another reason could be excess supply of higher education graduates in the Egyptian labor market. These results have been tested through a number of robustness checks. Results survived to the introduction of individual and governorate level variables; it is not due to imperfect substitutability across workers; it still holds when treating local human capital as endogenous variable and instrumented it.

  2. Radiation levels in ancient Egyptian mummies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation levels were studied in the mummies room and some galleries in the Egyptian museum as well as in the medical museum of the Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University. ''gamma'' and ? radiation levels show almost background values in direct contrast to some mummies in the closed mummies room and inside the glass cases used for protection. Radon decay products in the room atmosphere and inside the glass cases enclosing some mummies show slightly higher levels than the background which were attributed to inefficient ventilation. After reasonable ventilation during the work these levels approached the normal values. High resolution ?-ray spectroscopy measurements for the aerosol samples on the filters have shown background values. The results indicated that the mummies do not contain any radioactivity content or any radioactive sources as was previously suggested. (Author)

  3. Radiation levels in ancient Egyptian mummies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussein, Mohamed I.; Hussein, A. Z.; Barakat, M. F.; Nakhla, S.; Iskander, N.

    1994-07-01

    Radiation levels were studied in the mummies room and some galleries in the Egyptian museum as well as in the medical museum of the Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University.? and ? radiation levels show almost background values in direct contrast to some mummies in the closed mummies room and inside the glass cases used for protection. Radon decay products in the room atmosphere and inside the glass cases enclosing some mummies show slightly higher levels than the background which were attributed to inefficient ventilation. After reasonable ventilation during the work, these levels apprached the normal values.High resolution ?-ray spectroscopy measurements for the aerosol samples on the filters have shown background values.The results indicated that the mummies do not contain any radioactivity content or any radioactive sources as was previously suggested.

  4. Zoonotic Chicken Toxoplasmosis in Some Egyptians Governorates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehab Kotb El-Mahllawy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common diseases prevalent in the world, caused by a coccidian parasite Toxoplasma gondii which infects humans, animals and birds. Poultry consider reliable human source of food in addition it is considered an intermediate host in transmission of the disease to humans. Trails of isolation of local T. gondii chicken strain through bioassay of the suspected infected chicken tissues in mice was carried out and the isolated strain was confirmed as being T. gondii using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR. Seroprevalence of antibodies against T. gondii in chicken sera in six Egyptian governorates were conducted by enzyme linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA using the isolated chicken strain antigen. Moreover, comparison between the prevalence rates in different regions of the Egyptian governorates were been estimated. Isolation of local T. gondii chicken strain was accomplished from chicken tissues and confirmed by PCR technique. The total prevalence rate was 68.8% comprised of 59.5, 82.3, 67.1, 62.2, 75 and 50% in El Sharkia, El Gharbia, Kafr El sheikh, Cairo, Quena and Sohag governorates, respectively. The prevalence rates were higher among Free Range (FR (69.5% than commercial farm Chickens (C (68.5%; while, the prevalence rate was less in Upper Egypt than Lower Egypt governorates and Cairo. This study is the first was used antigen from locally isolated T. gondii chicken strain for the diagnosis of chicken toxoplasmosis. The higher seroprevalence particularly in free range chickens (house-reared refers to the public health importance of chickens as source of zoonotic toxoplasmosis to human.

  5. Diagnostic Value of Fructosamine and Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Estimating Blood Glucose Level in Diabetic Patients with Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kosaryan, M. (MD

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Diabetes mellitus is one of complications that thalassemia major patients face with. Hence, blood glucose monitoring is of vital importance to these patients. Because of high level of fetal hemoglobin in these patients, the measurement of hemoglobin A1c is not reliable and should be displaced by fructosamine test. Material and Methods: The current descriptive study was carried out on 33 beta-thalassemia major patients afflicted with diabetes mellitus (21 female and 12 male cases. Blood glucose level, fructosamine, hemoglobin A1c, serum ferritin and fetal hemoglobin were measured. Results: Blood glucose levels are 204±103 mg/dL and 221±101 mg/dL (p=0.63; fetal hemoglobin levels are 9%±7% and 13%±9% (p=0.22; serum ferritin levels are 1744±1534 ng/mL and 3253±1773 ng/mL (p=0.96 in female and male patients, respectively. The level of fructosamine (42±124 mmol/L and glycosylated hemoglobin (8.9%±1.8% are correlated significantly (r=0.69, p<0.01. Both Hemoglobin A1c (r=0.75, p<0.01 and fructosamine (r=0.54, p<0/01 show a significant correlation with blood glucose level. Conclusion: In diabetic thalassemia major patients with frequent blood transfusion, the level of fructosamine and glycosylated hemoglobin are related significantly, therefore; they can be used alternatively. Keywords: Thalassemia major; Fructosamine; Hemoglobin A1c; Diabetes Mellitus

  6. 77 FR 8943 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dawn of Egyptian Art”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ...Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dawn of Egyptian Art'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations...the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Dawn of Egyptian Art,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  7. ASPECTS OF OBSTACLES FOR APPLYING ACTIVITY BASED COSTING (ABC) SYSTEM IN EGYPTIAN FIRMS

    OpenAIRE

    Petru STEFEA; Karim MAMDOUH ABBAS; Osama WAGDI WADI

    2013-01-01

    The following investigation aims to determine the aspects of obstacles for applying Activity Based Costing (ABC) system in the Egyptian case and the significant differences among the effects of such obstacles . The Study used the survey method to describe and analyze the obstacles in some Egyptian firms. The population of the study is Egyptian manufacturing firms. This survey used the number of 392 questionnaires that were used throughout the total of 23 Egyptian manufacturing firms, during t...

  8. A Comprehensive Study of Egyptian Arabic. Volume Four. Lexicon Part I: Egyptian Arabic-English; Part II: English-Egyptian Arabic (A Preliminary Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Massih, Ernest T.; And Others

    This is the last of four instructional volumes designed for the intermediate-advanced student of Egyptian Arabic. The course deals with the language, culture, customs, and traditions of Egypt. The present volume constitutes a vocabulary, with word lists divided into 34 categories. High frequency vocabulary items are emphasized. (JB)

  9. "Evaluation Of compliance To Iron Chelation Therapy With Defe-Roxamine In Patients With Major Thalassemia In Iran In 2004 "

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Izadyar

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: With the introduction of long term subcutaneous administration of Deferoxamine there has been a decline in the morbidity and mortality of transfusion-dependent beta thalassemia patients. But parenteral iron chelation therapy is still a burden and a major reason for unsatisfactory compliance and places an additional psychological burden on the patients. There are some factors contributing to low compliance in these patients. To evaluate compliance to Deferoxamine and barriers of non adherence and assessment the prevalence of depression and it’s association with compliance. Materials and Methods: 205 patients with major thalassemia in children medical center older than 6 years old were included. They were classified in 3 groups by compliance index (CI: No. of days of treatment per one month/No. of treatment days prescribed by physician. CI>75 % was considered good ,CI< 50-75%: moderate,CI<50%:weak and 3d group the patients without compliance. For assessment of depression: Beck Depression questionnaires were given to the patients older than 18 years old and Children Depression Inventories (CDI“kovacs” were given to the rest Results: Of 205 patients (110 females (54% and 95 males (46%, 13.3% were non compliant, 14% had poor compliance, 62.7% had good compliance. Females were more compliant than males (P=0.034. Compliance improved in older age groups meaningfully (P=0.037. There was negative association between compliance and serum ferritin level (P=0.02. 22% of children and 12% of Adults had severe depression according to the questionnaires. There was no association between compliance and depression. The most prevalent problem rgarding Desferal injection was local reactions in injection site (83%. Conclusion: As oral chelation therapies are not used routinely, more investigations regarding the noncompliance must be considered; and this method of chelation therapy must be encouraged. Compliance is a multifactorial problem, so the solution to which requires close interaction between the patient, the family and community.

  10. Transformations of geometrical objects in middle Egyptian mathematical texts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miatello, Luca

    This paper analyzes the algorithmic structure of geometrical problems in Egyptian papyri of the first half of the second millennium B.C. Processes of transformation of quantities from "false" values into actual values, and conversions from quantities expressed in the abstract system of numbers into metrological quantities, are known in Egyptian mathematics. Three further processes are identified in the present contribution: transformations of "false" dimensions of geometrical objects into true dimensions; transformations of geometrical objects into other geometrical objects; transformations of linear measures of monuments. These processes have relevant implications on the algorithmic structure of the problem texts, resulting in particular in the embedding of sub-algorithms and the creation of parallel structures. More in general, their wide employment in Egyptian mathematics has significant philosophic and cultural implications. PMID:25029817

  11. Iron forms in some egyptian soils

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study is an attempt to find out the available forms of iron (Fe2+ and Fe3+) in five egyptian soils samples, representing alluvial, calcareous and sandy soils. Concerning the iron content of soil either Fe2+ or Fe3+, the tested soil types were relatively arranged in the order alluvial> calcareous> sandy soil. In spite of the considerable variations in the soil content of iron cations, the Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio was almost kept constant around 0.83. The uniformity of the ferrous : ferric ratio in the different tested soil types indicates their similarity in their redox-potential, pH and their environmental conditions, particularly, the aeration and partial O2- pressure degree. Fe2+/Fe3+ being less than unity suggests that the Fe2+ Fe3+ reaction tends towards the forward direction, i.e., to the Fe3+ formation. As a result of the pot experiment, significant correlations have been found between the laboratory determined soil Fe2+ and both of the plant Fe-uptake and the plant dry matter weight

  12. Study of the factors affecting the sorption and fixation of radiocesium on some egyptian soil sediments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Studies of the sorption process of radiocesium by various Egyptian soil samples have been carried out. These samples were collected from different regions of egypt, North of the eastern desert and cairo-Alexandria desert road. A german sample, which is a pure smectite mineral, was taken as a reference for comparing the deferent investigations. The physical, chemical and mineralogical analyses of these samples were studied. The physical analysis showed that, the soil samples have the clay and silt size fractions mixed with fine sand. The samples having high percentage of the clay and silt fractions showed high specific surface area and cation exchange capacity values. The mineralogical properties showed that, the ,majority of egyptian soils consist manly of the smectite and vermiculite type of clay minerals with different proportions of kaolinite, mica and quartz. The samples (V-1, 46-48 km, K-s and 74-B) containing high smectite or vermiculite minerals have higher cation exchange capacities and specific surface area than the samples (q 2, 78-A and q 7) with high kaolinite, mica and quartz content. Chemical analysis showed that the sample having higher potassium and iron oxides were having lower cation exchange capacity values than the samples containing higher magnesium oxide. 19 figs., 22 tabs., refs

  13. Association of factor V Leiden mutation with deep vein thrombosis among Egyptian cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sherif H. Abdeen, **Rizk El-Baz, *Wessam El-Gazar, **Ahmad Settin

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT is a blood clot in a major vein, usually in the legs and/or pelvis. If part of the thrombus breaks off, it becomes an embolism, which can travel through the heart and block the arteries to the lungs. Factor V Leiden (FVL is a common genetic risk factor for hereditary hypercoagulability disorder in several populations. The present study investigates the association of FVL mutation with DVT among Egyptian cases. Patients & methods: The study included 44 cases (16 males and 28 females with an age range of 20 to 80 years in addition to 211 healthy unrelated controls of matched age and sex. A multiplex allele-specific PCR amplification was conducted for assignment of FVL gene mutation (G1691A. Results: Cases having the mutant allele A (AA and AG genotypes were significantly higher than controls (38.6% vs. 18.5%; P < 0.05, OR= 2.78 and CI 95%, 1.380­5.589. Conclusion: These results concluded that FVL mutation has a high frequency and positive association with the occurrence of deep vein thrombosis among Egyptian cases

  14. On improvement in ejection fraction with iron chelation in thalassemia major and the risk of future heart failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carpenter JP

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Trials of iron chelator regimens have increased the treatment options for cardiac siderosis in beta-thalassemia major (TM patients. Treatment effects with improved left ventricular (LV ejection fraction (EF have been observed in patients without overt heart failure, but it is unclear whether these changes are clinically meaningful. Methods This retrospective study of a UK database of TM patients modelled the change in EF between serial scans measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR to the relative risk (RR of future development of heart failure over 1 year. Patients were divided into 2 strata by baseline LVEF of 56-62% (below normal for TM and 63-70% (lower half of the normal range for TM. Results A total of 315 patients with 754 CMR scans were analyzed. A 1% absolute increase in EF from baseline was associated with a statistically significant reduction in the risk of future development of heart failure for both the lower EF stratum (EF 56-62%, RR 0.818, p Conclusion These data show that during treatment with iron chelators for cardiac siderosis, small increases in LVEF in TM patients are associated with a significantly reduced risk of the development of heart failure. Thus the iron chelator induced improvements in LVEF of 2.6% to 3.1% that have been observed in randomized controlled trials, are associated with risk reductions of 25.5% to 46.4% for the development of heart failure over 12 months, which is clinically meaningful. In cardiac iron overload, heart mitochondrial dysfunction and its relief by iron chelation may underlie the changes in LV function.

  15. Pictorial Metaphor in Selected Egyptian Newspapers Cartoons during the 25th of January 2011 Egyptian Revolution.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghada Abdel Aziz Ashmawi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Metaphor is persuasive in having cognitive, emotional and aesthetic effect. It has been argued that any visual representation can be considered a metaphor if it represents a metaphoric thought. Chartris-Black’s Critical Metaphor Analysis and Forceville’s model of pictorial metaphor are both used to analyze the data under investigation. Chateris-Black’s Critical Metaphor Analysis is used based on the idea that the use of metaphors helps in conveying the underlying ideologies of the writers. Moreover, Forceville’s model of pictorial metaphor aims at investigating various types of pictorial metaphor in different genres. The political cartoons investigated in this study are drawn from three independent newspapers: Al Dastour, Al Masry Al Youm and Al Youm AL Sabea during the 25th of January 2011 Egyptian Revolution. This study aims at exploring how metaphors are expressed in the visual mode, more specifically in newspapers cartoons, tracing the use of pictorial metaphor in selected independent newspapers cartoons during the eighteen days of the 25th of January 2011 Egyptian revolution, and finally, identifying the cartoonists’ underlying ideological motivations and their attitudes to the revolution, which ultimately direct the audience’s ideology. The results of this study suggest that Chateris-Black’s Critical Metaphor Analysis can be applied not only on the textual level, but also on the semiotic and pictorial ones. In addition, metaphors are frequently used in political cartoons to evoke strong emotive effect and reinforce ideologies to achieve persuasion. Keywords: Pictorial Metaphor, Critical Metaphor Analysis, political cartoon

  16. New Terpenes from the Egyptian Soft Coral Sarcophyton ehrenbergi

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed Elkhateeb; El-beih, Ahmed A.; Gamal-eldeen, Amira M.; Alhammady, Montaser A.; Shinji Ohta; Pare?, Paul W.; Hegazy, Mohamed-elamir F.

    2014-01-01

    Chemical investigations of the Egyptian soft coral Sarcophyton ehrenbergi have led to the isolation of compounds 1–3 as well as the previously reported marine cembranoid diterpene sarcophine (4). Structures were elucidated by comprehensive NMR and HRMS experimentation. Isolated compounds were in vitro assayed for cytotoxic activity against human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) and breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) cell lines.

  17. Promoting Phonological Awareness Skills of Egyptian Kindergarteners through Dialogic Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmonayer, Randa Abdelaleem

    2013-01-01

    The present study examines the effect of dialogic reading (DR) on the promotion of Arabic phonological awareness skills (including syllable awareness, rhyme awareness, and phoneme awareness) of Egyptian kindergarteners. The participants were 67 children enrolled in the second level of kindergarten (ages 5-6), assigned to an experimental group…

  18. The Case for (Social) Entrepreneurship Education in Egyptian Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirby, David A.; Ibrahim, Nagwa

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore awareness of social entrepreneurship amongst Egyptian students and to determine what is needed to create more graduate social entrepreneurs. Design/methodology/approach: The theoretical framework is Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior. Data collection is a questionnaire survey of 183 of the 2,000…

  19. Student Involvement in the Egyptian Quality Assurance System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elassy, Noha

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the extent and the quality of student involvement in the quality assurance process (QAP) in Egyptian higher education institutions (HEIs). Design/methodology/approach: In this study, two qualitative methods were used to explore the extent and the quality of student involvement; these were focus groups…

  20. Muslim Egyptian and Lebanese Students' Conceptions of Biological Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    BouJaoude, Saouma; Wiles, Jason R.; Asghar, Anila; Alters, Brian

    2011-01-01

    In this study, we investigated distinctions among the diversity of religious traditions represented by Lebanese and Egyptian Muslim high school students regarding their understanding and acceptance of biological evolution and how they relate the science to their religious beliefs. We explored secondary students' conceptions of evolution among…

  1. Constructing an Engineering Model for Raising an Egyptian Obelisk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Charles R.

    2009-01-01

    One of the greatest mysteries of ancient times is how the Egyptians managed to raise huge obelisks using very simple technology. This remarkable task has puzzled engineers for thousand of years. After failing to raise an obelisk with simple machines, such as levers and pulleys, a team of modern engineers solved the mystery using a sandpit and the…

  2. Strategic Leadership and Its Application in Egyptian Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hany R. Alalfy

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Today's universities operate in a climate of great change, along with increased responsibilities and accountability from Internal and external customers. This has resulted in calls for a new kind of leadership working to help the university to improve educational services and face more challenges, called strategic leadership, at the university level. Aim of study defining of Egyptian leadership universities pattern of modern leadership styles, named as Strategic leadership (concept, objectives, roles, requirements, and application obstacles. Relate to the suffering of the Egyptian universities of many problems that limit their efficiency and effectiveness. This led to the need to search for new approaches as strategic leadership for eliminate of these problems. The study used a descriptive approach for its suitability for the nature of the study. The study found multiple reasons for the application of strategic leadership style in Egyptian universities as a result of  the problems the leaderships of the Egyptian universities suffer from  which limits its efficiency and effectiveness. Study recommended starting applying this pattern quickly after all the positive results it achieved in many universities.   

  3. Application of Moessbauer spectroscopy to study archaeological Egyptian pottery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moessbauer spectra have been used as ''fingerprints'' in obtaining information an ancient Egyptian pottery and in fine art. An empirical relation has been found that connects the natural radiation dose with the intensity ratio of the two non-magnetic central peaks. It was suggested that this relation be used for dating ancient pottery. 8 refs, 13 figs, 2 tabs

  4. Developing a Parliamentary Research Service: The Egyptian Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elah, Wafaa Ali Abdel

    This paper describes the development of a parliamentary research service in Egypt. The first part investigates the impact on the Egyptian parliament (the People's Assembly) of the development of a new social and cultural environment that fostered the democratization process. The second part deals with how the establishment of a parliamentary…

  5. Evaluation of municipal solid waste management in egyptian rural areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Messery, Mamdouh A; Ismail, Gaber A; Arafa, Anwaar K

    2009-01-01

    A two years study was conducted to evaluate the solid waste management system in 143 villages representing the Egyptian rural areas. The study covers the legal responsibilities, service availability, environmental impacts, service providers, financial resources, private sector participation and the quality of collection services. According to UN reports more than 55% of Egyptian population lives in rural areas. A drastic change in the consumption pattern altered the quantity and quality of the generated solid wastes from these areas. Poor solid waste management systems are stigmata in most of the Egyptian rural areas. This causes several environmental and health problems. It has been found that solid waste collection services cover only 27% of the surveyed villages, while, the statistics show that 75% of the surveyed villages are formally covered. The service providers are local villager units, private contractors and civil community associations with a percentage share 71%, 24% and 5% respectively. The operated services among these sectors were 25%, 71% and 100% respectively. The share of private sector in solid waste management in rural areas is still very limited as a result of the poverty of these communities and the lack of recyclable materials in their solid waste. It has been found that direct throwing of solid waste on the banks of drains and canals as well as open dumping and uncontrolled burning of solid waste are the common practice in most of the Egyptian rural areas. The available land for landfill is not enough, pitiable designed, defectively constructed and unreliably operated. Although solid waste generated in rural areas has high organic contents, no composting plant was installed. Shortage in financial resources allocated for valorization of solid waste management in the Egyptian rural areas and lower collection fees are the main points of weakness which resulted in poor solid waste management systems. On the other hand, the farmer's participation in solid waste management through the composting of organic matter and using of food waste as an animal feed are considered strength points. However, throwing of solid waste on the banks of water streams, open dumping and uncontrolled burning of solid waste are environmental damaging behaviors that need to be changed. Integrated solid waste management in the Egyptian rural areas is not yet among the priorities of the Egyptian government. PMID:19712653

  6. A Comprehensive Study of Egyptian Arabic. Volume Three: A Reference Grammar of Egyptian Arabic (A Preliminary Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Massih, Ernest T.; And Others

    This is the third of four instructional volumes designed for the intermediate-advanced student of Egyptian Arabic. The course deals with the language, culture, customs, and traditions of Egypt. The present volume constitutes a reference grammar, arranged alphabetically by grammatical and linguistic terms. A bibliography is appended. (JB)

  7. Evaluation of the Mechanical Durability of the Egyptian Machine Readable Booklet Passport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Mahmoud Yosri

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2008 the first Egyptian booklet Machine Readable Passport/ MRP has been issued and its security and informative standard quality levels were proved in a research published in 2011. Here the durability profiles of the Egyptian MRP have been evaluated. Seven mechanical durability tests were applied on the Egyptian MRP. Such tests are specified in the International Civil Aviation Organization / ICAO standard requirements documents. These seven very severe durability tests resulted in that the Egyptian MRP has achieved better & higher results than the values detected in ICAO-Doc N0232: Durability of Machine Readable Passports - Version: 3.2. Hence, this research had proved the complete conformance between the Egyptian MRP mechanical durability profiles to the international requirements. The Egyptian booklet MRP doesn’t need any obligatory modification concerning its mechanical durability profiles.

  8. Prevalence of renal tubular dysfunction in beta thalassemia minor in shiraz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Moradi Nakhodcheri

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available  Background & objective: ?-Thalassemia minor is an asymptomatic hereditary disease. The first study on the relation of renal tubular dysfunction and ?-thalassemia minor was performed in 2002 but those studies seem inadequate.The main goal of this study is through evaluation of renal tubular function in 100 patients with thalassemia minor. Materials & Methods: 100 patients with ?- thalassemia which confirmed by hemoglobin electrophoresis and CBC as well as RBC indices were studied.14 out of 100 cases exit because of Urinary Tract Infection, diabetes mellitus or hypertension.Complete chemistry profile was performed on serum and urine of all reminder 86 patients (46 female and 40 male. Patients classified into two groups: ?-thalassemia minor with anemia and without anemia. Another control group include 50 healthy individuals also considered.Then data analyzed by proper statistical methods. Results: 20 out of 86 reminder cases e.g. 24% showed at least one index of renal tubular dysfunction.58% of patients was been anemic and 42% non anemic. The most prominent tubular dysfunction was seen in a 29 years old lady with glucosuria and without anemia. conclusion: ?-Thalassemia minor is common in Iran specially in Fars province. This study revealed significant renal tubular dysfunction in patient with ?-thalassemia minor. So it is necessary to check out thalassemic patients for renal function tests periodically. Key words: ?-thalassemia, minor,renal tubular dysfunction

  9. Health related quality of life in Middle Eastern children with beta-thalassemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caocci Giovanni

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Thalassemia is a common disorder worldwide with a predominant incidence in Mediterranean countries, North Africa, the Middle East, India, Central Asia, and Southeast Asia. Whilst substantial progress has been made towards the improvement of Health related quality of life (HRQoL in western countries, scarce evidence-based data exists on HRQol of thalassemia children and adolescents living in developing countries. Methods We studied 60 thalassemia children from Middle Eastern countries with a median age of 10?years (range 5 to 17?years. HRQoL was assessed with the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL 4.0. The Questionnaire was completed at baseline by all patients and their parents. The agreement between child-self and parent-proxy HRQoL reports and the relationship between HRQoL profiles and socio-demographic and clinical factors were investigated. Results The scores of parents were generally lower than those of their children for Emotional Functioning (mean 75 vs 85; p?=?0.002, Psychosocial Health Summary (mean 70.3 vs 79.1; p?=?0.015 and the Total Summary Score (mean 74.3 vs 77.7 p?=?0.047. HRQoL was not associated with ferritin levels, hepatomegaly or frequency of transfusions or iron chelation therapy. Multivariate analysis showed that a delayed start of iron chelation had a negative impact on total PedsQL scores of both children (p?=?0.046 and their parents (p?=?0.007. Conclusions The PedsQL 4.0 is a useful tool for the measurement of HRQoL in pediatric thalassemia patients. This study shows that delayed start of iron chelation has a negative impact on children’s HRQoL.

  10. Mithramycin encapsulated in polymeric micelles by microfluidic technology as novel therapeutic protocol for beta-thalassemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Capretto L

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Lorenzo Capretto1, Stefania Mazzitelli2, Eleonora Brognara2, Ilaria Lampronti2, Dario Carugo1, Martyn Hill1, Xunli Zhang1, Roberto Gambari2, Claudio Nastruzzi31Engineering Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK; 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, ItalyAbstract: This report shows that the DNA-binding drug, mithramycin, can be efficiently encapsulated in polymeric micelles (PM-MTH, based on Pluronic® block copolymers, by a new microfluidic approach. The effect of different production parameters has been investigated for their effect on PM-MTH characteristics. The compared analysis of PM-MTH produced by microfluidic and conventional bulk mixing procedures revealed that microfluidics provides a useful platform for the production of PM-MTH with improved controllability, reproducibility, smaller size, and polydispersity. Finally, an investigation of the effects of PM-MTH, produced by microfluidic and conventional bulk mixing procedures, on the erythroid differentiation of both human erythroleukemia and human erythroid precursor cells is reported. It is demonstrated that PM-MTH exhibited a slightly lower toxicity and more pronounced differentiative activity when compared to the free drug. In addition, PM-MTH were able to upregulate preferentially ?-globin messenger ribonucleic acid production and to increase fetal hemoglobin (HbF accumulation, the percentage of HbF-containing cells, and their HbF content without stimulating ?-globin gene expression, which is responsible for the clinical symptoms of ß-thalassemia. These results represent an important first step toward a potential clinical application, since an increase in HbF could alleviate the symptoms underlying ß-thalassemia and sickle cell anemia. In conclusion, this report suggests that PM-MTH produced by microfluidic approach warrants further evaluation as a potential therapeutic protocol for ß-thalassemia.Keywords: microfluidics, lab-on-a-chip, design of experiments, erythroid differentiation, human erythroid precursor cells

  11. Beta-Thalassemia in Iran: New Insight into the Role of Genetic Admixture and Migration

    OpenAIRE

    Rezaee, Ali Reza; Banoei, Mohammad Mehdi; Khalili, Elham; Houshmand, Massoud

    2012-01-01

    Iran with an area of 1.648 million km2 is located between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf. The Iranian population consists of multiethnic groups that have been influenced by various invasions and migration throughout history. Studies have revealed the presence of more than 47 different ?-globin gene mutations responsible for ?-Thalassemia in Iran. This paper is an attempt to study the origin of ?-Thalassemia mutations in different parts of Iran. Distribution of ?-Thalassemia mutation...

  12. Hydroxycarbamide-Induced Changes in E/beta Thalassemia Red Blood Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Sylvia, Singer T.; Elliott, Vichinsky; Sandra, Larkin; Nancy, Olivieri; Nancy, Sweeters; Frans, Kuypers A.

    2008-01-01

    In thalassemia, fetal hemoglobin (HbF) augmentation with hydroxycarbamide (also known as hydroxyurea) is not always successful. The expected parallel effects on RBC membrane deformability, cell hydration and membrane phospholipid organization, all important for extending RBC life span and increasing Hb, have been infrequently examined. We analyzed these characteristics in 15 non-transfused E/? 0 thalassemia patients treated with HU (mean 10.2 months). Membrane deformability and cell hydration...

  13. The implementation of world class manufacturing techniques in Egyptian manufacturing firms: An empirical study

    OpenAIRE

    Salaheldin, S.I.; Eid, R.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose - The purposes of this paper are to illustrate how the world class manufacturing (WCM) techniques which could be described as outperforming the industry's global best practices have been implemented in the Egyptian manufacturing firms, to identify the critical driving and resisting forces toward WCM techniques implementation in Egyptian manufacturing firms, and to provide guidelines for the successful implementation of WCM by Egyptian manufacturers. Design/methodology/approach - The d...

  14. Sexual Morality at the Egyptian Bar : Female Circumcision, Sex Change Operations, and Motives for Suing

    OpenAIRE

    Dupret, Baudouin

    2002-01-01

    Instead of addressing the question of the genealogical connection between Islamic fiqh and modern Egyptian law--which is most doubtful--this paper focuses on the ways through which social actors produce morality and moral boundaries within the framework of Egyptian tribunals. It first examines the manner in which the question of public and sexual morality emerge and are treated in the legal and judicial arena. Then, it summarizes three Egyptian cases related to sex-change operations and femal...

  15. Adopting knowledge discovery in databases for customer relationship management in egyptian public banks

    OpenAIRE

    Kok, Joost; Khedr, Ayman

    2006-01-01

    We propose a framework for studying the effect of KDD on CRM in the Egyptian banking sector. We believe that the KDD process and applications may perform a significant role in Egyptian banks to improve CRM, in particular for customer retention. Our believe is supported by the results of the field survey at the largest Egyptian bank. Keywords. Adopting new technology, Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD), Customer Relationship Management (CRM), and banking sector.

  16. Oxalate Content of Egyptian Grown Fruits and Vegetables and Daily Common Herbs

    OpenAIRE

    Abdel-moemin, Aly R.

    2014-01-01

    Egyptian dieticians typically rely on foreign databases to find out oxalate content of food due to unavailability of local databases. The soil, fertilizers, climate and cultivars are often very different. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to establish a local database of oxalate content in Egyptian grown fruits and vegetables and selected daily common herbs. The current study analysed the total and the soluble oxalate in 37 Egyptian grown fruits, vegetables and 9 commonly used herbs. Tw...

  17. The "Challengers": The driving forces behind the youth's demand for change in the Egyptian Uprising

    OpenAIRE

    Mohn, Giti Carli

    2012-01-01

    This study reflects on what were the most important motivational factors for the Egyptian youth to participate in the 25th of January 2011 revolution. By applying a conceptual framework from social movement theory, it attempts to explain what paved the way for the Egyptian youth's participation in the 18 days of protest in Tahrir Square. The analysis is based on qualitative interviews conducted with Egyptian youth who participated in the revolution, as well as on interviews with area speciali...

  18. An investigation into the ancient Egyptian cultural influences on the Yorubas of Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Jock M. Agai

    2013-01-01

    There are many cultural practices that connect ancient Egyptians to the Yorubas and the new interpretation of the Oduduwa legend suggests that the Yorubas have originated or are influenced mainly by the Egyptians. The attestation of Egypt as the main influencer of the Yoruba culture made Egypt significant in the study of the history of the Yoruba people. Some writers are beginning to think that the ancient Egyptians were responsible for introducing and spreading many cultures amongst the Yoru...

  19. Evaluation of Diet Quality of Egyptian Children and Adolescents using Healthy Eating Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mervat A. Esmail ­ Wafaa M.A.Saleh ­Nebal A.R.Aboul Ella ­ Asmaa M. Abd

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Healthful eating is essential for development and well-being. Some dietary patterns are associated with 4 of the 10 leading causes of death (coronary heart disease, certain types of cancer, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. Major improvements in the health of the public can, therefore, be made by improving people's dietary patterns. The U.S. department of Agriculture has developed an index, called the Healthy Eating Index (HEI that was updated in the year 2002. It is based on different aspects of a healthful diet; the Index is designed to provide a measure of overall dietary quality, and the compliance with specific Dietary Guidelines recommendations. The aim of our study is to use the healthy eating index to assess the diet quality of a representative sample of the Egyptian children and adolescents and to examine the association between body mass index and caloric intake of the studied sample. Materials & Methods: This study is a part of National Egyptian survey, Diet, Nutrition and Prevention of Chronic Non-communicable Diseases. The Healthy Eating Index was applied with slight modifications to measure how well the studied Egyptian students' diet conforms to recommended healthy eating pattern. The data were based on representative sample (2145 of children and adolescents (10 -18 years in 7 governorates from. One day of dietary intake data (24 hours recall was collected, during an in-person interview. The Healthy Eating Index measures how well the studied children and adolescents' diets conform to the American Dietary Guidelines recommendations and the Food Guide Pyramid applied in our country. Ten dietary components have been identified and the overall Index has a total possible score ranging from zero to 100. Results: Our results showed that the average Healthy Eating Index score was 59.1 out of a possible 100 and it ranged from 20 to 86, Only 0.5 percent of the students had Healthy Eating scores above 80; while 16.9 percent of them received scores below 50 and the majority (82.5 percent had scores on the Healthy Eating Index between 51 and 80. In an effort to provide a "rating" of the overall student's diet, a grading scale was developed, the majority of students had diets rated as "Needs Improvement", only 0.5 % received diets rated as "Good" and 16.9 % had diets rated as "Poor". Males achieved a slightly higher average Index than females (59.7 Vs 58.2. The average score for food groups is much lower than that for dietary guidelines (23.5 Vs 35.6 out of total score of 50 for each. There was a significant positive correlation of BMI with caloric intake for male adolescents while, for females the correlation was insignificant and negative. More than 80 percent of the sample achieved the recommendations of the American Dietary Guidelines for total fat and cholesterol. Less than two-thirds of the students met the recommendations for saturated fat, Almost 30 percent of the students had the maximum score for sodium. Only 1.0 percent of them received a score of 10 for fibers. Conclusion: the majority of Egyptian children and adolescent' eating patterns, as measured by the HEI, need improvement. The results of the Index are useful in targeting nutrition education and health promotion activities, as it is a single summary measure of diet quality that can be used to monitor changes in food consumption patterns over time. A Food Quality System based on nutrient density can be one tool that can facilitate more healthful food purchases and dietary patterns.

  20. Chemical analysis of Yemeni archaeological cheramics and the Egyptian enigma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Archaeological reconnaissance in Yemen produced samples of mediaeval Islamic ceramics in a 100 km2 region. The ceramics dated from 700 A.d. to 1750 A.D. and initial research indicated that they were all locally made products. 12 types of ceramics were selected for sampling on the basis of stylistic decoration. Six laboratory samples of each type were subjected to neutron activation analysis for the short-lived isotope producing elements using the SLOWPOKE reactor at the University of Toronto. A comparison with Egyptian pottery was carried out. The statistical analysis conducted on the Yemeni and Egyptian pottery produced discrete differences in their elemental composition which the archaeologist and the chemical scientist might not otherwise recognise. It is concluded that artifacts must be analyzed with due respect given to the archeological context, the elemental chemistry, and sound statistical procedures. (author)

  1. Egyptian imprints on Geto-Dacian magical medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baran, Dana

    2010-12-01

    Several characteristics of Egyptian culture and civilization could be identified in prehistoric and ancient historic Geto-Dacian territories, belonging to modern Romania (Fig. 1). From early times, magic, religion and philosophy have been part of pre-scientific medicine. Therefore these aspects are to be tackled when speaking of medicine in mythological or legendary ages. Progress of ancient Geto-Dacian medicine was principally ascribed to the interface of local civilizations with ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. Such connections were well documented and understood in historic times and were mainly based on texts of renowned Greek and Roman historians. Egyptian impact upon Dacia, -the ancient name of today's Romania-, was often explained in terms of indirect Greek- or Roman-mediated influences.The Greek and then the Roman colonies on the Black sea shore, together with later Roman colonies in Dacia Felix, founded in the heart of Transylvania, enabled access for Romania to Mediterranean cultures, including that of Egypt. PMID:21657103

  2. Biodiversity of Bacterial Ecosystems in Traditional Egyptian Domiati Cheese?

    OpenAIRE

    El-Baradei, Gaber; Delacroix-Buchet, Agnès; Ogier, Jean-Claude

    2006-01-01

    Bacterial biodiversity occurring in traditional Egyptian soft Domiati cheese was studied by PCR-temporal temperature gel electrophoresis (TTGE) and PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Bands were identified using a reference species database (J.-C. Ogier et al., Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:5628-5643, 2004); de novo bands having nonidentified migration patterns were identified by DNA sequencing. Results reveal a novel bacterial profile and extensive bacterial biodiversity in Do...

  3. An Ancient Egyptian Diagonal Star Table in Mallawi, Egypt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Symons, Sarah; Cockcroft, Robert

    2013-11-01

    A coffin belonging to an Egyptian Middle Kingdom official Hor-em-hetepu, on public display in the Mallawi Monuments Museum, Egypt, contains a previously-unpublished diagonal star table (or "diagonal star clock"). This table adds to the other twenty-four examples of this type of astronomical record or calendar from around 2100 B.C. The table displays a regular diagonal pattern of decan (star or asterism) names, with some interesting points of content, epigraphy, and typology.

  4. Barriers to E-Commerce Adoption in Egyptian SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Zaied, Abdel Nasser H.

    2012-01-01

    E-commerce has been predicted to be a new driver of economic growth for developing countries. The SME sector plays a significant role in its contribution to the national economy in terms of the wealth created and the number of people employed. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Egypt represent the greatest share of the productive units of the Egyptian economy and the current national policy directions address ways and means of developing the capacities of SMEs. Many factors could be resp...

  5. Determination of Wax Content in Egyptian Crude Oils

    OpenAIRE

    Prof.Dr.Ramadan Abu El-Ella; Dr.Ehssan Nassef

    2014-01-01

    Wax precipitation is one of the most important flow assurance problems. Unfortunately, experimental data are very scarce to confirm existing models for prediction of such production impairment and other hazardous risk; while its curative approaches and production losses add to colossal economic sabotage to the petroleum industry. The present work deals with studying the determination of wax in Egyptian crude oil by gravimetric determination precipitation with lowering temperature of the crude...

  6. Isolation of Genetically Diverse Marburg Viruses from Egyptian Fruit Bats

    OpenAIRE

    Towner, Jonathan S.; Amman, Brian R.; Sealy, Tara K.; Carroll, Serena A. Reeder; Comer, James A.; Kemp, Alan; Swanepoel, Robert; Paddock, Christopher D.; Balinandi, Stephen; Khristova, Marina L.; Formenty, Pierre B. H.; Albarino, Cesar G.; Miller, David M.; Reed, Zachary D.; Kayiwa, John T.

    2009-01-01

    In July and September 2007, miners working in Kitaka Cave, Uganda, were diagnosed with Marburg hemorrhagic fever. The likely source of infection in the cave was Egyptian fruit bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) based on detection of Marburg virus RNA in 31/611 (5.1%) bats, virus-specific antibody in bat sera, and isolation of genetically diverse virus from bat tissues. The virus isolates were collected nine months apart, demonstrating long-term virus circulation. The bat colony was estimated to be ...

  7. Surface Analysis of one Pound from the Egyptian Coins

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two different analytical techniques namely, X-Ray Fluorescence and Energy Dispersive x-ray are used in the present work to investigate the surface elemental analysis of one pound Egyptian coins produced at the years 2005, 2007 and 2008. Every coin has a yellow disk and white ring. Laser ablation technique is used to produce small particles form the surface of the 2008 pound

  8. Expression of therapeutic misconception amongst Egyptians: a qualitative pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Silverman Henry J; Khalil Susan S; Wazaify Mayyada

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Studies have shown that research participants fail to appreciate the difference between research and medical care, labeling such phenomenon as a "therapeutic misconception" (TM). Since research activity involving human participants is increasing in the Middle East, qualitative research investigating aspects of TM is warranted. Our objective was to assess for the existence of therapeutic misconception amongst Egyptians. Methods Study Tool: We developed a semi-structured int...

  9. Peanut sensitization in a group of allergic Egyptian children

    OpenAIRE

    Hossny Elham; Gad Ghada; Shehab Abeer; El-Haddad Amgad

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background There are no published data on peanut sensitization in Egypt and the problem of peanut allergy seems underestimated. We sought to screen for peanut sensitization in a group of atopic Egyptian children in relation to their phenotypic manifestations. Methods We consecutively enrolled 100 allergic children; 2-10 years old (mean 6.5 yr). The study measurements included clinical evaluation for site of allergy, possible precipitating factors, consumption of peanuts (starting age...

  10. Facial reconstruction of a wrapped Egyptian mummy using MDCT

    OpenAIRE

    Gandini, Giovanni; BOANO, ROSA

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Facial reconstruction of mummies and corpses in general is important in anthropological, medical, and forensic studies. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the role of MDCT examination for 3D facial reconstruction and report the results of multidisciplinary work performed by radiologists, anthropologists, and forensic police in reconstructing the possible physiognomy of an ancient Egyptian mummy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional MDCT data were obtained from a well-pres...

  11. Strategic Leadership and Its Application in Egyptian Universities

    OpenAIRE

    Alalfy, Hany R.

    2014-01-01

    Today's universities operate in a climate of great change, along with increased responsibilities and accountability from Internal and external customers. This has resulted in calls for a new kind of leadership working to help the university to improve educational services and face more challenges, called strategic leadership, at the university level. Aim of study defining of Egyptian leadership universities pattern of modern leadership styles, named as Strategic leadership (concept, objective...

  12. Nile Crossings: Hospitality and Revenge in Egyptian Rural Narratives

    OpenAIRE

    Granara, William E.

    2010-01-01

    This essay looks at acts of hospitality and revenge as constituent elements of a broad social code in rural Egyptian narratives. By looking at five stories in particular, I argue that hospitality and revenge work in complementarity, and that they often trespass and blur each other’s social and literary borders, creating ambiguity and complexity in the stories. The traditional rules that govern hospitality are at times challenged or inverted by hostile intentions, and revenge may be exacted ...

  13. Does Facebook Matter in Egyptian Graduate Environment? A Marketing Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Yahia Ebeid

    2012-01-01

    The current study is exploratory, and it aims at uncovering the potential role of Facebook in Egyptian university environment. The research based on 127 questionnaires. It was found that; 42% of the respondents use Facebook for educational purpose; around 85% use Facebook to be in touch with their teachers; more than 75% use Facebook to contact the faculty administration; more than 70% of students are convinced that they have added value when using Facebook in the educational context. These r...

  14. Quantitative analysis of ancient Egyptian pigments by external PIXE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pigments painted on Egyptian excavations in the 18th Dynasty were analyzed successfully by external PIXE with the aid of the X-ray diffraction. A white pigment was composed on Mg3Ca(CO3)4; red: ?Fe2O3, ?FeO.OH and AsS; pink: Mixtures of white and red pigments; yellow: ?FeO.OH and As2S3; and blue: CaO.CuO.4SiO2. (orig.)

  15. Pollen Morphology of Egyptian Malvaceae: An Assessment of Taxonomic Value

    OpenAIRE

    Naggar, Salah M. El

    2004-01-01

    The pollen morphological characteristics of 21 species of Egyptian Malvaceae belonging to 10 genera: Abelmoschus Medik., Hibiscus L., Gossypium L., Lagunaria L., Abutilon Mill., Sida L., Malva L., Lavatera L., Alcea L. and Malvaviscus Cav., were investigated by light and scanning electron microscopy. The pollens were examined and described in each genus. The results demonstrated that pollen morphological characteristics, principally pollen shape, size, aperture characters and exine sculpture ...

  16. New Terpenes from the Egyptian Soft Coral Sarcophyton ehrenbergi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Elkhateeb

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Chemical investigations of the Egyptian soft coral Sarcophyton ehrenbergi have led to the isolation of compounds 1–3 as well as the previously reported marine cembranoid diterpene sarcophine (4. Structures were elucidated by comprehensive NMR and HRMS experimentation. Isolated compounds were in vitro assayed for cytotoxic activity against human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2 and breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7 cell lines.

  17. Unusual Suspects: "Ultras" as political actors in the Egyptian Revolution

    OpenAIRE

    Woltering, R.

    2013-01-01

    The article presents an examination into the mobilization of Ultras, a social group of aggressive football fans, within the Egyptian revolution as part of the larger Arab Spring uprisings of 2011. Comments are given noting how the Ultras are a good example of how non-political groups became active and influential participants in the social movement. The characteristics of the Ultra group are then described in further detail through examination of its Internet and published materials.

  18. The Egyptian Revolution: First Impressions from the Field

    OpenAIRE

    Bamyeh, Mohammed A.

    2011-01-01

    Never has a revolution that seemed so lacking in prospects gathered momentum so quickly and so unexpectedly. The Egyptian Revolution, starting on January 25, lacked leadership and possessed little organization; its defining events, on Friday, January 28, occurred on a day when all communication technologies, including all internet and phones, were barred; it took place in a large country known for sedate political life, a very long legacy of authoritarian continuity, and an enviable repressiv...

  19. Did the ancient Egyptians migrate to ancient Nigeria?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jock M. Agai

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Literatures concerning the history of West African peoples published from 1900 to 1970 debate the possible migrations of the Egyptians into West Africa. Writers like Samuel Johnson and Lucas Olumide believe that the ancient Egyptians penetrated through ancient Nigeria but Leo Frobenius and Geoffrey Parrinder frowned at this opinion. Using the works of these early 20th century writers of West African history together with a Yoruba legend which teaches about the origin of their earliest ancestor(s, this researcher investigates the theories that the ancient Egyptians had contact with the ancient Nigerians and particularly with the Yorubas. Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: There is an existing ideology amongst the Yorubas and other writers of Yoruba history that the original ancestors of the Yorubas originated in ancient Egypt hence there was migration between Egypt and Yorubaland. This researcher contends that even if there was migration between Egypt and Nigeria, such migration did not take place during the predynastic and dynastic period as speculated by some scholars. The subject is open for further research.

  20. General fire protection guidelines for egyptian nuclear facilities. Vol. 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this paper is to establish the regulatory requirements of that will provide and ensure fire protection of egyptian nuclear facilities. Those facilities that use, handle and store low and/or medium radioactive substances are included. Two or more classes of occupancy are considered to occur in the same building or structure. Fir protection measures and systems were reviewed for three of the egyptian Nuclear facilities. These are egypt first nuclear reactor (ETRR-1) building and systems, hot laboratories buildings and facilities, and the building including the AECL type Is-6500 industrial cobalt-60 gamma irradiator Egypt's mega gamma I. The study includes the outlines of the various aspects of fire protection with a view to define the relevant highlights and scope of egyptian guideline for nuclear installations. The study considers fire protection aspects including the following items: 1- Site selection. 2- General facility design. 3- Fire alarm, detection and suppression systems. 4- Protection for specific areas/control room, cable spreading room, computer room) 5- Fire emergency response planning. 6- Fire water supply. 7- Emergency lighting and communication. 8- Rescue and escape routes. 9- Explosion protection. 10-Manual fire fighting. 11- Security consideration in the interest of fire protection. 12- quality assurance programme. Therefore, first of all the design stage, then during the construction stage, and later during the operation stage, measures must be taken to forestall the risks associated with the outbreak of fire and to ensure that consequences of fire accidents remain limited

  1. Determinants of Systemic Risk: The Case of Egyptian Banks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nader Alber

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at analyzing the effects of “size”, “financial stability” and “equity return” on the systemic risk of Egyptian banks. This has been conducted using a sample of 11 banks (out of 14 banks listed in the Egyptian exchange, and covering the period from January 2003 to December 2013. Systemic risk is measured by “Value at Risk” that expresses the maximum loss within a q%-confidence interval during a certain period of time. Determinants of systemic risk to be examined, may be economic, as “size” in terms of TBTF rule. They may be financial, where “financial stability” is addressed as the ability of financial system to resolve systemic risks. Besides, “equity return” is assumed as a market determinant. Results indicate that size and financial stability may affect systemic risk of Egyptian banks during research period, using cross sectional analysis, by monthly returns (1-month, 0.99 VaR for the pre-crisis, during-crisis and all the research periods. Also, robustness check investigates the effect of financial stability, using time series analysis, by daily returns (1-day, 0.99 VaR.

  2. Canal configuration of mandibular first premolars in an Egyptian population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatem A. Alhadainy

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate canal configuration of mandibular first premolars in an Egyptian population. Two hundred fifty human extracted mandibular first premolars were collected from Egyptian patients and a small hole in the center of the occlusal surface of each tooth was made perforating the roof of the pulp chamber. Teeth were decalcified by immersing in nitric acid and dehydrated in ascending concentrations of ethyl alcohol. A waterproof black ink was passively injected from the occlusal hole into pulp system and stained teeth were immersed in methyl salicylate solution for clearing. Standardized pictures of the cleared teeth were obtained and anatomical features of the root canal were observed. The average length of the mandibular first premolar teeth was 22.48 ± 1.74 mm, one-rooted teeth were 96.8% and the two-rooted were 3.2%. Vertucci Type I canal configuration represented the highest percentage (61.2% followed by Type V (16.4%, Type IV (13.2%, Type II (5.6% and Type III (2.8%. Vertucci Type VI canal configuration represented the lowest percentage (0.4% and a complex configuration was found in one tooth. Accessory canals were detected in 22.8% and inter-canal connections were observed in 24.8% while 54% showed apical delta. Such knowledge is clinically useful for localization and negotiation of canals of mandibular first premolar, as well as their subsequent management in Egyptian population.

  3. Interferon therapy shifts natural killer subsets among egyptian patients with chronic hepatitis C

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Amal, Fathy; Mohamed Mohy, Eldin; Lobna, Metwally; Mohamed, Eida; Marwa, Abdel-Rehim; Gamal, Esmat.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Natural killer cells can be divided into five subpopulations based on the relative expression of CD16 and CD56 markers. The majority of natural killer cells are CD56dim, which are considered to be the main cytotoxic effectors. A minority of the natural killer cells are CD56bright, and function as an [...] important source of immune-regulatory cytokines. Shifts of these subsets have been reported in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection. We sought to investigate the shift of natural killer subsets among Egyptian patients with chronic HCV and to analyze the influence of interferon therapy on this shift. We applied a flow cytometric analysis of peripheral blood natural killer subsets for 12 interferon-untreated and 12 interferon-treated patients with chronic HCV, in comparison to 10 control subjects. Among interferon-untreated patients, there was a significant reduction of CD56-16+ (immature natural killer) cells. Among interferon-treated patients, the absolute count of natural killer cells was reduced, with expansion of the CD56bright subset and reduction of the CD56dim16+ subset. Natural killer subset counts were not significantly correlated to HCV viral load and were not significantly different among interferon responders and non-responders. In conclusion, HCV infection in Egyptian patients has been observed to be statistically and significantly associated with reduction of the CD56-16+NK subset, while a statistically significant expansion of CD56bright and reduction of CD56dim16+ subsets were observed after interferon therapy. Further studies are required to delineate the molecular basis of interferon-induced shift of natural killer subsets among patients with HCV.

  4. Finding out egyptian gods' secret using analytical chemistry: biomedical properties of egyptian black makeup revealed by amperometry at single cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapsoba, Issa; Arbault, Stéphane; Walter, Philippe; Amatore, Christian

    2010-01-15

    Lead-based compounds were used during antiquity as both pigments and medicines in the formulation of makeup materials. Chemical analysis of cosmetics samples found in Egyptians tombs and the reconstitution of ancient recipes as reported by Greco-Roman authors have shown that two non-natural lead chlorides (laurionite Pb(OH)Cl and phosgenite Pb(2)Cl(2)CO(3)) were purposely synthesized and were used as fine powders in makeup and eye lotions. According to ancient Egyptian manuscripts, these were essential remedies for treating eye illness and skin ailments. This conclusion seems amazing because today we focus only on the well-recognized toxicity of lead salts. Here, using ultramicroelectrodes, we obtain new insights into the biochemical interactions between lead(II) ions and cells, which support the ancient medical use of sparingly soluble lead compounds. Submicromolar concentrations of Pb(2+) ions are shown to be sufficient for eliciting specific oxidative stress responses of keratinocytes. These consist essentially of an overproduction of nitrogen monoxide (NO degrees ). Owing to the biological role of NO degrees in stimulating nonspecific immunological defenses, one may argue that these lead compounds were deliberately manufactured and used in ancient Egyptian formulations to prevent and treat eye illnesses by promoting the action of immune cells. PMID:20030333

  5. A Comprehensive Study of Egyptian Arabic. Volume Two: Proverbs and Metaphoric Expressions (A Preliminary Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Massih, Ernest T.; And Others

    This is the second of four instructional volumes designed for the intermediate-advanced student of Egyptian Arabic. The course deals with the language, culture, customs, and traditions of Egypt. The present volume acquaints the American student with the important roles proverbs and metaphoric expressions play in everyday speech in Egyptian Arabic.…

  6. Ancient Egyptian Medical Texts: A Rhetorical Analysis of Two of the Oldest Papyri.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipson, Carol S.

    1990-01-01

    Analyzes two ancient Egyptian technical texts, the Edwin Smith Surgery Manual and the Ebers Manual, to identify complex rhetorical dynamics that present or encourage substantive reformulation of medical practice and thinking within a strongly conservative, authoritarian culture. Shows how the ancient Egyptian rhetorical forms allow for challenges…

  7. The Problem of the Pyramid or Egyptian Mathematics from a Postmodern Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shutler, Paul M. E.

    2009-01-01

    We consider Egyptian mathematics from a postmodern perspective, by which we mean suspending judgement as to strict correctness in order to appreciate the genuine mathematical insights which they did have in the context in which they were working. In particular we show that the skill which the Egyptians possessed of obtaining the general case from…

  8. Higher Education and Some Upper Egyptian Women's Negotiation of Self-Autonomy at Work and Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Halawany, Hanan Salah El-Deen

    2009-01-01

    This research aims to compare the effect of higher education on some Upper Egyptian women's practice of self autonomy at both work and home. The most important revelation this research makes is the fact that although no one can deny the importance and significance of higher education to Upper Egyptian women, yet it failed to challenge the…

  9. The impact on the Netherlands of the Egyptian greenhouse vegetable chain

    OpenAIRE

    Wijnands, J. H. M.

    2004-01-01

    This report forms part of a broader analysis of the competitiveness of Dutch tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers on the European market. It describes elements of Porter's competitiveness analysis for the Egyptian horticultural sector. Within this framework, it presents an analysis of the domestic demand, the supply, the structure and strategy of firms, the network and the Egyptian government. It concludes with a SWOT analysis.

  10. ASPECTS OF OBSTACLES FOR APPLYING ACTIVITY BASED COSTING (ABC SYSTEM IN EGYPTIAN FIRMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petru STEFEA

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The following investigation aims to determine the aspects of obstacles for applying Activity Based Costing (ABC system in the Egyptian case and the significant differences among the effects of such obstacles . The Study used the survey method to describe and analyze the obstacles in some Egyptian firms. The population of the study is Egyptian manufacturing firms. This survey used the number of 392 questionnaires that were used throughout the total of 23 Egyptian manufacturing firms, during the first half of 2013. Finally, the study found some influencing obstacles for applying this system (ABC and there were significant differences among the aspects of obstacles for applying ABC system in the Egyptian manufacturing firms.

  11. Egypt: A Simulation of Ancient Egyptian Civilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargent, Marcia; Malcolm, Vivian

    This simulation allows students to travel north through the six divisions of the Nile River, with each major phase of the simulation called a "cataract". Students earn travel points as they sail the Nile from its source in Central Africa through the Sixth Cataract, all the way to the First Cataract, and then on to the delta where it flows into the…

  12. Do Corporate Governance Disclosures Matter for Bank Cost of Capital? Empirical Evidence from Accounting Statements of Egyptian Banks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona A. Elbannan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine the association between the quality of bank governance mechanisms disclosed in bank annual reports and cost of capital. The Egyptian banking sector has undergone a series of legislative reforms starting with the issuance of the 2003 banking law. The law incorporates the guidelines of the Basel Accords and governance principles, and was declared a major step forward into facing global banking competition and driving financial growth in Egypt. We create two multivariate cross-sectional, time-series regression models to test this relation. Our main results show that there is a highly significant relation between bank governance disclosures and cost of capital. Banks with reported large board size and more executive directors on board are able to obtain finance from cheaper resources. This indicates that cost of equity of Egyptian banks is not just related to accounting performance and risk but also related to how well a bank is governed. Furthermore, the cost of deposits decreases significantly for banks reporting better governance mechanisms.

  13. Tolerance, Quality and Storability of Gamma-Irradiated Egyptian Rice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of gamma irradiation on some organoleptic and physico-chemical properties and the storability of Egyptian rice was investigated. Radiation up to 50 krad was chosen as an adequate dose causing non-significant changes in eating and cooking qualities. The effect of irradiation on degradation of starch and protein molecules is demonstrated on the basis of studies on the viscosity and solubility of rice paste. Irradiation at relatively low dose levels up to 50 krad did not affect the chemical and nutritional qualities of rice regarding amino acids and B vitamins. It was also found that irradiation maintains better storability of rice under ambient temperature. (author)

  14. Tolerance, quality and storability of gamma-irradiated Egyptian rice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of gamma irradiation on some organoleptic and physico-chemical properties and the storability of Egyptian rice was investigated. Radiation up to 50krad was chosen as an adequate dose causing non-significant changes in eating and cooking qualities. The effect of irradiation on degradation of starch and protein molecules is demonstrated on the basis of studies on the viscosity and solubility of rice paste. Irradiation at relatively low dose levels up to 50krad did not affect the chemical and nutritional qualities of rice regarding amino acids and B vitamins. It was also found that irradiation maintains better storability of rice under ambient temperature. (author)

  15. Gamma dose measurements indoor and outdoor of some egyptian buildings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some physical parameters affecting the basic dosimetric properties of carbonized aluminum oxide were studied such as Response, Dose recovery, reproducibility, linearity and lower limit of detection. Indoor and Outdoor gamma radiation dose rates were measured inside and outside some Egyptian buildings using Al2 O3-C environmental thermo luminescence dosimeters for 70 days. For these purpose twenty dosimeters of TLD chips were positioned indoor and ten dosimeters were positioned outdoor inside a thin black polythene 30 cm long pipe at one meter above ground as a reference height

  16. Neutron activation analysis of an Egyptian cigarette and its ash

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concentration of 28 elements in tobacco and cigarette paper in an Egyptian cigarette was determined using instrumental neutron activation analysis. These elements are: Al, As, Ba, Br, Ca, Ce, Cl, Co, Cr, Cs, Eu, Fe, Hf, K, La, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Sr, Th, Ti, V and Zn. The cigarette filter (before and after normal smoking) and the produced ash were analyzed to determine the adsorption of the elements on the filter and their remains in ash. The material balance for the determined elements were calculated. (author)

  17. Chemical composition of water hyacinth (Eichhronia Crassipes) a comparison indication of heavy metal pollution in egyptian water bodies. Vol. 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Water hyacinth is tested as an indicator for pollution in egyptian fresh surface waters. Chemical composition of water hyacinth as affected area of collection (water bodies) was studied and the suitability of this plant as a biological indicator for water pollution is discussed. Water hyacinth samples were collected three times per year for two years (1991-1993). Sample sites include one location in the river nile (at Helwan area), one site in Ismaillia canal, (at Mostrod industrial area), and one site in Abo-Zabal drain (at Abo-Zabal city). The concentration of 19 major major and trace elements in plant samples were determined by prompt gamma-ray neutron activation analysis. Results indicated that plant parts as well as location have a significant effect on elements content. Water hyacinth roots showed high affinity for accumulation of trace elements. 5 tabs

  18. Comparative Study between Yemini and Egyptian types of honey by means of antibacterial activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El-Fadaly

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Six samples of Yemeni and Egyptian types of bee honey were chemically analyzed using different chemical standard methods. Yemeni honey types were Dhaba, Samer and Merbeiy while Egyptian types were Citrus, Cotton and Clover. The antibacterial activity of these types of honey was examined using the original samples as well as the samples after heating at 50 and 100 ° C for 30 minutes against pathogenic bacteria. The tested bacteria were Proteus sp, Shigella sp, E. coli, Listeria monocytogenes and Yersinia enterocolitica. Yemeni honey was higher in its mineral content and total sugars than Egyptian one. Total protein and total lipids were highest in Egyptian types of honey. Data also show that heating have no effect on the effectiveness of honey at its high concentration. The Yemeni typs of honey were more active against examined bacteria than Egyptian ones and the values of the minimum inhibitory concentration were lower in case of Yemeni honey than Egyptian ones. Both Yemeni and Egyptian honey exhibited remarkable inhibitory effect against tested bacteria when using liquid cultures.

  19. Growth, physiological adaptation, and gene expression analysis of two Egyptian rice cultivars under salt stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekawy, Ahmad Mohammad M; Assaha, Dekoum V M; Yahagi, Hiroyuki; Tada, Yuma; Ueda, Akihiro; Saneoka, Hirofumi

    2015-02-01

    Abiotic stressors, such as high salinity, greatly affect plant growth. In an attempt to explore the mechanisms underlying salinity tolerance, physiological parameters of two local Egyptian rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars, Sakha 102 and Egyptian Yasmine, were examined under 50 mM NaCl stress for 14 days. The results indicate that Egyptian Yasmine is relatively salt tolerant compared to Sakha 102, and this was evident in its higher dry mass production, lower leaf Na(+) levels, and enhanced water conservation under salt stress conditions. Moreover, Egyptian Yasmine exhibited lower Na(+)/K(+) ratios in all tissues examined under salinity stress. The ability to maintain such traits seemed to differ in the leaves and roots of Egyptian Yasmine, and the root K(+) content was much higher in Egyptian Yasmine than in Sakha 102. In order to understand the basis for these differences, we studied transcript levels of genes encoding Na(+) and K(+) transport proteins in different tissues. In response to salinity stress, Egyptian Yasmine showed induction of expression of some membrane transporter/channel genes that may contribute to Na(+) exclusion from the shoots (OsHKT1;5), limiting excess Na(+) entry into the roots (OsLti6b), K(+) uptake (OsAKT1), and reduced expression of a Na(+) transporter gene (OsHKT2;1). Therefore, the active regulation of genes related to Na(+) transport at the transcription level may be involved in salt tolerance mechanisms of Egyptian Yasmine, and these mechanisms offer the promise of improved salinity stress tolerance in local Egyptian rice genotypes. PMID:25532120

  20. Legal Elements For Nuclear Security: Egyptian Nuclear Law As A Case Study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with the legal bases for nuclear security. First, It analysis the international legal framework for nuclear security. Second, it analysis the legal bases for the import-export control. The legal aspects related with illicit trafficking (IT) were also reviewed. Third, It deals with the Egyptian nuclear law no. 7 and its executive regulation. The Egyptian legal regime for nuclear security and the role of State System for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (SSAC) in realizing the nuclear security were also discussed. The purpose of the paper is to evaluate the Egyptian legal framework for nuclear security.

  1. Egyptian Clover (Trifolium Alexandrinum L. Contribution to Yield Increase in Temporary Pastures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Dragomir

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Egyptian clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L. represents an annual legume species with importance in animal nutrition. Researches proved the possibility of introducing this species in the floristic structure of the temporary pastures planted in spring, in order to increase dry matter and to make crops efficient from the first year of vegetation. The results achieved showed that in the variant planted with 22 kg/ha alfalfa + 4 kg/ha orchard grass + 6 kg/ha Egyptian clover, the forage yield increased with 20% compared with the same variant without Egyptian clover.

  2. A Primary Master Plan of Gardens’ City- A New City in Egyptian Western Desert (EGCWD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somaya T. Abouelfadl

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the primary master plan of the gardens’ city, which is planned to depend on renewable energy. Gardens’ city lies in the Egyptian’s western desert in newly discovered to be developed areas, namely in the new Farafra oases. The general master plan of the city is designed for 117,000 inhabitants, with a final target of settling of 1 Million inhabitants in the oasis. The city has agricultural and industrial based economy, depend on renewable energy (solar and wind energy, and has the first Egyptian college of renewable energy.

  3. Chemical Evaluation of Irradiated Egyptian Truffles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main objective of this study is to investigate and evaluate the chemical compositions of irradiated and non-irradiated truffles (Al-Kamah)as a natural product for human nutrition with concentrated high value protein supplementation. White and brown truffles grow in Egypt and White truffle is identified as Tirmania nivea and brown truffle is identified as Terfezia budiari. Field survey for four truffle seasons including the best habit for production in Sidi Barani and Salum. Chemical composition of fresh and stored truffles indicated some differences between the two studied species. It was found that the white truffle had higher contents of carbohydrate and fat (45.5% and 7.2%), thenbrown truffle (47.5% and 7.5%)respectively, while the browntruffle had the higher contents of proteins, fiber and ash (23.8%, 8%, and 14%) than the white (22.8, 7.5 and 8% resp.). Cysteine was the highest amino acid in white truffle, while isoleucine was the highest one in brown truffle. The major fatty acids appeared in white and brown truffles were linoleic (46 and 28.3%) and Oleic (37.5 and 6209%) of total fatty acids. B-sitosterol was the major sterol in white truffle while stigmasterol in brown truffle (3.4% and 42.6%). The phytochemical screening revealed that numerous compounds are present as saponins, alkaloids, nitrogen bases,sterols, triterpenes and glycosides. The effect of irradiation (2 K Gy) was limited on bio-component. On the other hand, the biochemical components were ier hand, the biochemical components were investigated in irradiated truffle as a method for preservation. Some changes were observed during storage for 2 months. These chages affect the nutrition value of truffle

  4. Penile length-somatometric parameters relationship in healthy Egyptian men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shalaby, M E; Almohsen, A E-R M; El Shahid, A R; Abd Al-Sameaa, M T; Mostafa, T

    2015-05-01

    This study aimed to assess the penile length-somatometric parameters relationship in healthy Egyptian men. Two thousand physically normal men (22-40 years) were subjected to measurement of stretched penile length, glans penis, testis size, index finger, weight, height, span, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference and waist/hip ratio. The mean stretched penile length of the studied subjects was 13.84 ± 1.35 cm (range 12-19 cm), and the mean glans penis length was 2.6 ± 0.4 cm (range 1.7-3.8 cm). Penile length demonstrated positive significant correlation with glans penis length, index finger length, BMI and significant negative correlation with waist/hip ratio. On the other hand, penile length demonstrated nonsignificant correlation with age, weight, height, waist circumference, span or testicular size. It is concluded that the penile length-somatometric parameters relationship in healthy Egyptian men is mostly related to glans penis and index finger lengths. PMID:24698122

  5. The kidney in ancient Egyptian medicine: where does it stand?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salem, M E; Eknoyan, G

    1999-01-01

    Driven by their deep-seated desire for eternal life in a healthy body, ancient Egyptians were one of the first civilizations to begin collecting and recording medical lore and medicinals that were effective for a healthy body. With its religious origins, medical care was initially provided by priests, but evolved over time into an independent discipline practiced by the swnw (sounou) or physician. What has been preserved of their knowledge in extant medical papyri reflects the great capacity of Egyptians for practical achievement in treating symptoms, but lacks the abstract thought that was to come with the advent of the more rational Greek medicine. The number of prescriptions and incantations for the management of urinary disorders (hematuria, retention, frequency, infection) and dropsy that are mentioned in extant medical papyri likely reflect the frequency with which these problems were encountered. Urine was thought to be formed in the region of the bladder, by a process considered akin to purification. Available studies on preserved mummies indicate that kidney disease was not uncommon. Whether a functional role of the kidney was appreciated at all is highly doubtful. On the other hand, the available evidence suggests an awareness of the kidney (ggt) to which was ascribed a mythological role that may well account for why the kidneys and the heart were the only organs not removed during the process of mummification. PMID:10213808

  6. X-ray analysis of pigments on ancient Egyptian monuments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ancient pigments were analyzed using PIXE and XRD methods in the laboratory, which were painted on ancient Egyptian monuments. On the other hand, those on monuments remaining with entire shape were investigated using the hand-held type of an XRF spectrometer and an X-ray diffractometer in the field. For the laboratory experiment, several wall fragments of the Malqata palace in ancient Egypt (18th Dynasty, ca. 1390 B.C.) were investigated. In the field experiment, the block of Ramesses II (19th Dynasty, ca. 1270 B.C.), the Wooden Coffin of Neb-sny (18th Dynasty, ca. 1400 B.C.), the Funerary Stele of Amenemhat (11th Dynasty, ca. 2000 B.C.), and the painted walls of the Tomb of Userhat (18th Dynasty, ca. 1400 B.C.) were investigated. From white and blue colored parts, huntite and Egyptian blue were found, respectively, which are a very rare mineral and an artificial pigment prepared only in ancient Egypt, respectively. (author)

  7. Determination of Wax Content in Egyptian Crude Oils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof.Dr.Ramadan Abu El-Ella

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Wax precipitation is one of the most important flow assurance problems. Unfortunately, experimental data are very scarce to confirm existing models for prediction of such production impairment and other hazardous risk; while its curative approaches and production losses add to colossal economic sabotage to the petroleum industry. The present work deals with studying the determination of wax in Egyptian crude oil by gravimetric determination precipitation with lowering temperature of the crude oil .The crude oil studied was from Egyptian western desert (waxy paraffinic crude. Waxes may precipitate due to a temperature decrease because their solubility is so low that a solid phase can appear. The experiments investigated the effect of initial weight of the crude, the time of cooling, and the temperature on the amount of wax produced. The highest amount of wax was produced with 150gm of the crude oil, at temperature of 0oC and this was done within two hours of the time of experiment. Finally the effect of using solvent on the amount wax content was also studied and it was found that the ratio (3:1 of solvent mixture increases achievement of the maximum amount of wax produced.

  8. An investigation into the ancient Egyptian cultural influences on the Yorubas of Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jock M. Agai

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available There are many cultural practices that connect ancient Egyptians to the Yorubas and the new interpretation of the Oduduwa legend suggests that the Yorubas have originated or are influenced mainly by the Egyptians. The attestation of Egypt as the main influencer of the Yoruba culture made Egypt significant in the study of the history of the Yoruba people. Some writers are beginning to think that the ancient Egyptians were responsible for introducing and spreading many cultures amongst the Yorubas. As more Yorubas are tracing their origins and the origins of their culture to ancient Egypt, this research investigates whether the Egyptians were the originators and the main spreaders of the afterlife culture in Yorubaland.

  9. An investigation into the ancient Egyptian cultural influences on the Yorubas of Nigeria

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jock M., Agai.

    Full Text Available There are many cultural practices that connect ancient Egyptians to the Yorubas and the new interpretation of the Oduduwa legend suggests that the Yorubas have originated or are influenced mainly by the Egyptians. The attestation of Egypt as the main influencer of the Yoruba culture made Egypt signi [...] ficant in the study of the history of the Yoruba people. Some writers are beginning to think that the ancient Egyptians were responsible for introducing and spreading many cultures amongst the Yorubas. As more Yorubas are tracing their origins and the origins of their culture to ancient Egypt, this research investigates whether the Egyptians were the originators and the main spreaders of the afterlife culture in Yorubaland.

  10. A bleaching earth from egyptian local deposits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El Kinawy, Omayma S.

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available The present investigation deals with the bleaching of vegetable oils using activated clays collected from some deposits in Egypt as compared to Tonsil FF currently used by local oil industry. The comparison was made; not only on the basis of the decolourising power of the earth, but also on the basis of its effects on the oil acidity, formation of the oil peroxides and the decomposition rate of the formed peroxides to aldehydes and ketones during the bleaching process. The activation of the collected earth samples was made using 4N HCl, 6N HCl and 30 % H2SO4. The bleaching tests of the activated samples were performed using the major four oil types processed in Egypt being cottonseed, sunflower, soybean and palm oils. In addition to the laboratory-evaluation tests, the performance of the activated samples, which showed promise on the lab-scale have been also tested on an industrial scale. The industrial application has proved that the activated local earth's can be successfully used as bleaching earth of local oils. Thus it can be used as a substitute of the varieties currently imported and used by the local oil sector.La presente investigación trata de la decoloración de aceites vegetales usando tierras activadas obtenidas de yacimientos egipcios, comparándola con el Tonsil FF usado normalmente en la industria oleícola local. La comparación se realizó, no sólo sobre la base del poder decolorante de la tierra, sino también sobre la base de sus efectos en la acidez del aceite, la formación de peróxidos y la velocidad de descomposición de los peróxidos formados en aldehidos y cetonas durante el proceso de decoloración. La activación de las muestras de tierras recogidas se hizo utilizando ClH 4N, ClH 6N y H2SO4 30 %. Los tests de decoloración de las muestras activadas se llevaron a cabo usando los cuatro tipos mayoritarios de aceites procesados en Egipto: aceite de semilla de algodón, de girasol, de soja y de palma. Además de los tests a escala de laboratorio, la evaluación de las muestras activadas, se realizó a escala industrial. La aplicación industrial ha demostrado que las tierras locales activadas pueden ser utilizadas con éxito como tierras decolorantes de aceites locales. De este modo pueden usarse como sustitutos de las variedades mas frecuentemente importadas y usadas por el sector aceitero.

  11. The future of the independent Egyptian music in the digital era

    OpenAIRE

    Maraghah, Mohammad

    2013-01-01

    This thesis is investigating the impact of the digital era with its technological advanced components and revolutionized information platforms on shaping the future of the independent Egyptian music. The author investigated this impact through conducting fifteen semi structured qualitative interviews between the 15th of December 2012 to 25th of January 2013 with the relevant Independent Egyptian Music stakeholders who gave the researcher a better insight of what is the optimal business model(...

  12. Cats of the Pharaohs: Genetic Comparison of Egyptian Cat Mummies to their Feline Contemporaries

    OpenAIRE

    Kurushima, Jennifer D.; Ikram, Salima; Knudsen, Joan; Bleiberg, Edward; Grahn, Robert A; Lyons, Leslie A

    2012-01-01

    The ancient Egyptians mummified an abundance of cats during the Late Period (664 - 332 BC). The overlapping morphology and sizes of developing wildcats and domestic cats confounds the identity of mummified cat species. Genetic analyses should support mummy identification and was conducted on two long bones and a mandible of three cats that were mummified by the ancient Egyptians. The mummy DNA was extracted in a dedicated ancient DNA laboratory at the University of California – Davis, then ...

  13. Application of Neutron Activation Analysis Technique for Gold Estimation in South Area Egyptian Mines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study presents analytical results of gold concentrations of some Egyptian gold ores. Six samples collected from south eastern of Egyptian mines area have been analyzed using neutron activation analysis technique. The gamma-ray spectra obtained were measured by means of high resolution hyper-pure germanium detection system in conjunction with electronic and computerized multichannel analyzer. The results are compared with previous measurements obtained by another method

  14. Scenes from the past: multidetector CT study of gallbladder stones in a wrapped Egyptian mummy

    OpenAIRE

    Gandini, Giovanni; BOANO, ROSA

    2009-01-01

    A whole-body examination was performed with multidetector computed tomography (CT) of a completely wrapped Egyptian mummy from the collection at the Egyptian Museum in Turin, Italy. The mummy dates from the Eighteenth Dynasty. Although embalmment of the deceased man should have included evisceration in accordance with his social rank, no canopic jars containing internal organs had been found at the discovery of his tomb, and at CT, all the organs were found to have desiccated inside the body....

  15. Moessbauer effect of the origin of the colour in the ancient Egyptian black ware

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Samples of ancient Egyptian pottery, Roman pottery and modern pottery were examined by Moessbauer spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction with the aim of establishing the origin of the black colour of the Egyptian pottery. The Moessbauer spectra and the values of isomer shift and quadrupole splitting were used to decide on the presence of magnetic or non-magnetic ferrous or ferricions. (A.K.)

  16. The Relationship between Employee Perceptions of Equity and Job Satisfaction in the Egyptian Private Universities

    OpenAIRE

    Khalifa, Mohamed Hossam El-din; Truong, Quang

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between employee perception of equity and job satisfaction in the Egyptian private universities. Data were gathered using a face-to-face survey of 80 teaching staff members at three Egyptian universities. Findings revealed positive relationships between perceptions of equity, where a "motivator" was the outcome in the comparison, and job satisfaction. The study also revealed that there was no relationship between perceptions of eq...

  17. Size Effect, Seasonality, Attitude to Risk and Performance of Egyptian Banks

    OpenAIRE

    Nader Alber

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims at analyzing the effects of “size”, “seasonality” and “attitude to risk” on the performance Egyptian banks. This has been conducted using a sample of 10 banks, and covering the period from the first quarter2003 to the fourth quarter 2011. Results indicate that, hypotheses regarding the significance of differences between performance indicators, according to “size”, “seasonality” and “attitude to risk” on the performance Egyptian banks could be accepted. Also, robustness check ...

  18. Major depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Depression - major; Depression - clinical; Clinical depression; Unipolar depression; Major depressive disorder ... Doctors do not know the exact causes of depression. It is believed that chemical changes in the ...

  19. Plant Extract Control of the Fungi Associated with Different Egyptian Wheat Cultivars Grains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Baka Zakaria Awad

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Grain samples of 14 Egyptian wheat cultivars were tested for seed-borne fungi. The deep freezing method was used. Five seed-borne fungi viz., Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, Curvularia lunata, Fusarium moniliforme and Penicillium chrysogenum were isolated from the wheat cultivars viz., Bani Suef 4, Bani Suef 5, Gemmiza 7, Gemmiza 9, Gemmiza 10, Giza 168, Misr 1, Misr 2, Sakha 93, Sakha 94, Shandaweel 1, Sids 1, Sids 2 and Sids 3. A. flavus, A. niger and F. moniliforme were the most prevalent fungal species. Their incidence ranged from 21.0-53.5%, 16.0-37.5%, and 12.0-31.0%, respectively. The antifungal potential of water extracts from aerial parts of five wild medicinal plants (Asclepias sinaica, Farsetia aegyptia, Hypericum sinaicum, Phagnalon sinaicum, and Salvia aegyptiaca were collected from the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. The antifungal potential of water extracts from the aerial parts of these five plants were tested in the laboratory against the dominant fungi isolated from the wheat cultivars. All the aqueous plant extracts significantly (p ? 0.05 reduced the incidence of the tested seed-borne fungi. But the extract of Asclepias sinaica exhibited the most antifungal activity on tested fungi at all concentrations used when compared with other plant extracts. Maximum infested grain germination was observed in Giza 168 and minimum in Bani Suef 5. Treating grains with plant extract of A. sinaica (10% enhanced the percentage of grain germination of all cultivars in both laboratory and pot experiments. Maximum root and shoot length of seedlings was recorded in Bani Suef 4 during fungal infestation or treatment by plant extract. For one hour before sowing or storage, the aqueous extract of A. sinaica can be used to treat wheat grains, to reduce the fungal incidence. Aqueous extracts of the aerial parts of selected medicinal plants, particularly A. sinaica, are promising for protecting Egyptian wheat grain cultivars against major seed-borne fungi. The aqueous extracts are expected to improve crops.

  20. Relevance of medieval, Egyptian and American dates to the study of climatic and radiocarbon variability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basic radiocarbon dating and dendrochronology have been combined to yield calibrated dates that are more accurate than conventional radiocarbon dates. This has been shown to be true for medieval and Egyptian dynastic dating. Because radiocarbon is a cosmogenically produced radioisotope, heliomagnetic and geomagnetic fields play a major role in its synthesis in the Earth's upper atmosphere. Inasmuch as a calibrated radiocarbon record exists for nearly 10 000 years, we now seem to possess in the short-time variations of the production rate a history of solar activity expressed via heliomagnetic fields carried by the solar wind. In turn, solar activity has a controlling effect on climate on Earth within modifications provided by the complex interactions of the atmosphere-Earth-ocean system. Both radiocarbon measurements and other empirical research methods agree on variations of climate during historically more recent periods on Earth. This leads to the suggestion that the radiocarbon calibration curve may be also a significant indicator or tracer for climatic changes for the Holocene or the Neolithic-Mesolithic. (author)

  1. Effect of irradiation and storage on biogenic amine contents in ripened Egyptian smoked cooked sausage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effects of ?-irradiation upon the biogenic amine inventory in Egyptian smoked cooked sausages were investigated for the first time during storage for up to 90 days at 4 ° C. Typical contents of biogenic amines in non-irradiated sausages ranged between 125.50 and 596.18 mg/kgDW; irradiation with 4 and 6 kGy decreased said total contents to 105.20-94.82 and 104.98-26.44 mg/kgDW respectively, by the end of storage. Putrescine and cadaverine were the major amines in non-irradiated samples - where it accounted for 33% and 29% respectively, of the total by 90 days; however, tyramine dominated in irradiated samples with 2, 4 and 6 kGy, where it accounted for 44, 52 and 42%. On the other hand, the histamine content in non-irradiated sausage by 90 days of storage (i.e. 109.12 mg/kgDW) clearly exceeded the maximum allowable of 50 mg/kg, unlike happened in their irradiated counterparts. Therefore, the dramatic reduction observed in the histamine levels suggests use of this preservation technique for that traditional meat food. (author)

  2. LAMQS analysis applied to ancient Egyptian bronze coins

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some Egyptian bronze coins, dated VI-VII sec A.D. are analyzed through different physical techniques in order to compare their composition and morphology and to identify their origin and the type of manufacture. The investigations have been performed by using micro-invasive analysis, such as Laser Ablation and Mass Quadrupole Spectrometry (LAMQS), X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), Electronic (SEM) and Optical Microscopy, Surface Profile Analysis (SPA) and density measurements. Results indicate that the coins have a similar bulk composition but significant differences have been evidenced due to different constituents of the patina, bulk alloy composition, isotopic ratios, density and surface morphology. The results are in agreement with the archaeological expectations, indicating that the coins have been produced in two different Egypt sites: Alexandria and Antinoupolis. A group of fake coins produced in Alexandria in the same historical period is also identified.

  3. LAMQS analysis applied to ancient Egyptian bronze coins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrisi, L.; Caridi, F.; Giuffrida, L.; Torrisi, A.; Mondio, G.; Serafino, T.; Caltabiano, M.; Castrizio, E. D.; Paniz, E.; Salici, A.

    2010-05-01

    Some Egyptian bronze coins, dated VI-VII sec A.D. are analyzed through different physical techniques in order to compare their composition and morphology and to identify their origin and the type of manufacture. The investigations have been performed by using micro-invasive analysis, such as Laser Ablation and Mass Quadrupole Spectrometry (LAMQS), X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), Electronic (SEM) and Optical Microscopy, Surface Profile Analysis (SPA) and density measurements. Results indicate that the coins have a similar bulk composition but significant differences have been evidenced due to different constituents of the patina, bulk alloy composition, isotopic ratios, density and surface morphology. The results are in agreement with the archaeological expectations, indicating that the coins have been produced in two different Egypt sites: Alexandria and Antinoupolis. A group of fake coins produced in Alexandria in the same historical period is also identified.

  4. Dose Assessment of Natural Radioactivity in Ancient Egyptian Monuments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within an environmental radiation investigation of the ancient Egyptian monuments sites, 151 environmental samples were analyzed using ?-ray spectrometers based on HPGe detectors. The results show that the activity concentration values of the naturally occurring radionuclides; 238U (22'6Ra), 232Th, and 40K respectively, are within the world average ranges.Two models for calculation of absorbed dose rate due to gamma emission from radionuclides in the studied soil, limestone and adobe samples were evaluated. The first model was established based on constant value of sample density. The second model takes the density variation into consideration. Two sets of conversion factors were evaluated. A comparison between the results of calculation of the absorbed dose of the studied samples based on the model adopted by UNSCEAR and on our two models was carried out and discussed. (authors)

  5. The Radial Structure of Some Middle Egyptian Prepositions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nyord, Rune

    2010-01-01

    Prepositions are traditionally treated in dictionaries and grammars by giving a list of usages, often corresponding more or less to the way the preposition is translated in the language of the modern work. This paper suggests an alternative way of approaching prepositions, derived from cognitive linguistics where prepositions are regarded as categories centered on a salient prototype from which various peripheral members of the category are derived. This perspective has the advantage of presenting the meaning of each preposition as a unified category with a specific central meaning and various extensions, instead of merely listing a number of unrelated senses. It is argued that Middle Egyptian prepositions can fruitfully be studied in this framework, and the method is exemplified by examining the conceptual structure of the two frequent prepositions m and r.

  6. HOW EGYPTIAN CONTRACTING COMPANIES TRANSLATE PROJECTS' QUALITY TO PROJECTS' PERFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Said SHAWKY HOZIEN

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A model for continuous quality improvement for Egyptian contracting projects’ (CQIM is developed through the extensive reviewing of the Total Quality Management (TQM, Continuous Quality Improvement (CQIliterature, preceding researches, consensus opinions of managers and experts of the construction industry and the quality management system (ISO 9000. This model comprises of 13 main factors divided into 9 CQI constructs and 4 Indices, the Indices are broken down to 46 practical measures, while the CQI constructs are further divided into 58 sub-factors consisting of 231 practical requirements, all targeting the evaluation and improvement of the overall project performance (OPP . This model assists its users to assess their points of weaknesses and strengths, by setting-up a road map for improvement, utilizing a guided framework. This model is used as a benchmarking tool to achieve the goal of this research “Projects' Continuous Quality Improvement”.

  7. Unwrapping an ancient Egyptian mummy using x-rays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Stephen W.

    2010-05-01

    This article describes a project of unwrapping an ancient Egyptian mummy using x-ray computed tomography (CT). About 600 x-ray CT images were obtained through the mummified body of a female named Tjetmutjengebtiu (or Jeni for short), who was a singer in the great temple of Karnak in Egypt during the 22nd dynasty (c 945-715 BC). The x-ray CT images reveal details of the remains of body organs, wrappings and jewellery. 3D reconstructions of Jeni's teeth suggest that she was probably only around 20 years old when she died, although the cause of death cannot be ascertained from the CT scans. The CT images were used to build a 3D model of Jeni's head which enabled an artist to paint a picture of what Jeni may have looked like during life. A PowerPoint presentation and movie clips are provided as supplementary material that may be useful for teaching.

  8. Synchrotron radiation analysis on ancient Egyptian vitreous materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ancient Egyptian vitreous materials, namely faience and glass, share the same elemental composition. But they appear to have originated separately. Faience objects appear as early as the Predynastic period, and glass was introduced from Mesopotamia during the New Kingdom. These faience and glass objects were not of daily use, rather they were regarded as religious symbols or luxury status goods. Most of the products were coloured blue, but we see an increased use of other colours during the New Kingdom (c.1550-1069BC). This tendency corresponds to the period of both territorial and political expansion of Egypt. A non-destructive SR-XRF experiment at SPring-8 was conducted last winter, aiming to determine the regional trait of elemental composition by examining the pattern and ratio of rare earth elements. As a result, we could observe some distinctive rare earth elements that may indicate regional variation. (author)

  9. Dating of ancient Egyptian pottery using the thermoluminescence technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Fiki, S. A.; Abdel-Wahab, M. S.; El-Faramawy, N.; El-Fiki, M. A.

    1994-10-01

    In the course of the dating of Egyptian ancient pottery, pottery sherds were collected from three archaeological tombs in the Nazlet El Samman region in the Giza zone (Egypt). The annual dose was measured by the gamma spectroscopic technique as well as thermoluminescence (TL) measurements. The annual dose results obtained using both methods are in quite good agreement with a consistency of 99.69%. The extracted quartz exhibited TL dating peaks at about (305 ± 5)°C and (375 ± 5)°C. The TL dating result is 4301 ± 100 which belongs to the "fourth dynasty" in the Old Kingdom. The obtained ages show that the uncertainties in TL dating using the additive method are much lower than that of archaeologists.

  10. Characterization of Gamma-Irradiated Egyptian Wheat Flour

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Physical, rheological and baking properties of bread Shamy, prepared from gamma-irradiated Egyptian wheat flour up to 25 KGy as one of common types of bread in Egypt, were studied and the acceptability of bread was evaluated by sensory tests. All amylo-, farino-, and extensograph characteristics and also sample ph showed significant decrease as irradiation dose increased. Such results could be explained in terms of loss of unique elastic and cohesive properties of wheat gluten and starch damage upon increment of radiation dose. The improvement in properties of bread, baked from flour irradiated up to 7.5 KGy, could be explained on the basis of a simulation in gas production during dough fermentation due to increase in starch degradation products. However, bread, prepared from wheat samples irradiated above 7.5 KGy, exhibited significantly lower values of acceptance because of physico-chemical changes in both starch and gluten

  11. The Reasons social media contributed to 2011 Egyptian Revolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabia Minatullah Sohail, Nadine Chebib

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, social media has become very significant for social networking. In the past, itsmain use was personal, but nowadays, its becoming part of all facets of our lives, social andpolitical. In the first quarter of 2011, the Middle East has witnessed many popular uprisings thathave yet to reach an end. While these uprisings have often been termed “FacebookRevolutions” or “Twitter Revolutions”, there are many ambiguities as to the extent to whichsocial media affected these movements. In this paper we discuss the role of social media andits impact on the 2011 Egyptian revolution. Though the reasons for the uprising were manifold,we will focus on how social media facilitated and accelerated the movement.

  12. Does Facebook Matter in Egyptian Graduate Environment? A Marketing Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Yahia Ebeid

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The current study is exploratory, and it aims at uncovering the potential role of Facebook in Egyptian university environment. The research based on 127 questionnaires. It was found that; 42% of the respondents use Facebook for educational purpose; around 85% use Facebook to be in touch with their teachers; more than 75% use Facebook to contact the faculty administration; more than 70% of students are convinced that they have added value when using Facebook in the educational context. These results would support the notion of using Facebook as an untraditional, cheap, interactive means to enhance the quality of the educational service that provided by the college (producer and received by the student (customer. Implications were presented and suggestion for further studies was highlighted.

  13. Studies on natural radioactivity of some egyptian building materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using high-resolution y-rays spectrometry, the natural radioactivity of 14 samples of natural and o manufactured Egyptian building materials have been investigated. The samples were collected from local market and construction sites. From the measured gamma-ray spectra, specific activities were determined. The radium equivalent activity in each sample was estimated. Radiological evaluations of these materials indicate that all materials meet the external gamma-ray dose limitation. Calculation of concentration indices by assuming a Markkanen room model is constructed from these materials, to find the excess gamma-ray dose taken over that received from the outdoors. The Austrian Standard ONORM S 5200 is used in testing the building materials

  14. Comparisons of Asset Pricing Models in the Egyptian Stock Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Ahmed Shaker

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper employs GRS test to empirically compare the applicability of five alternatives of asset pricing models for 55 shares listed on the EGX100 for the Egyptian stock market: 1 the CAPM, 2 the Fama-French three factor model, 3 the Cahart four factor model, 4 liquidity-augmented four factor model, 5 and the five factor model (liquidity and momentum-augmented Fama-French three factor model. The sample is split into six portfolios sorted on size and book-to market ratio and 45 shares are excluded due to data unavailability. Our results based on GRS (1989 show evidence that Fama-French model is the best and reject the other models. 

  15. Sesame seed sensitization in a group of atopic Egyptian children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samar Ahmad

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: There are no published data on the prevalence of sesame allergy/sensitization in Egypt. Objective: In this pilot study, we thought to estimate the frequency of sesame seed sensitization in a group of atopic Egyptian infants and children. Methods: We consecutively enrolled 90 patients with physician diagnosed allergic disease. The study measurements included clinical evaluation for the site and duration of allergy, history suggestive of sesame seed allergy, and family history of allergy, as well as skin prick testing (SPT using a commercial sesame extract, and serum sesame specific IgE (SpIgE estimation. Results: None of the studied patients reported symptoms suggestive of sesame seed allergy. Nevertheless, two children (2.2% showed positive SPT response to sesame (wheal diameter ? 3 mm above the negative control. Only one of them had a wheal diameter which exceeded that of the histamine control. The serum sesame SpIgE exceeded 0.35 IU/ml in all subjects [range = 0.35 - 3.0 IU/ml; median (IQR = 0.9 (0.6 IU/ml]. Serum sesame SpIgE was significantly increased in patients with history of recurrent urticaria (p=0.03. Conclusion: Sesame seed sensitization is not uncommon in atopic Egyptian children. It can be associated with any clinical form of allergy and the causal relationship needs meticulous evaluation. Wider scale population-based studies are needed to assess the prevalence of sesame allergy and its clinical correlates in our country

  16. A descriptive study of plasma cell dyscrasias in Egyptian population

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Plasma cell dyscrasias (PCDs) refer to a spectrum of disorders characterized by the monoclonal proliferation of lymphoplasmacytic cells in the bone marrow and, sometimes, tissue deposition of monoclonal immunoglobulins or their components. These disorders include multiple myeloma (MM) and Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia, as well as rare conditions such as light-chain deposition disease (LCDD) and heavy-chain diseases (HCDs). The worldwide annual incidence of MM is estimated at 86,000, which is approximately 0.8% of all new cancer cases. Purpose: Our retrospective study aims to highlight the immunologic and epidemiological features of PCDs mainly MM in Egyptian patients and compare our results with those of other populations. Methods: Two hundred seventeen Egyptian patients with PCD were enrolled in the study. Serum, urine protein electrophoresis and immunofixation were used to demonstrate M protein. Results: One hundred thirty-eight patients (63.6%) had IgG monoclonal band, 38 patients (17.5%) had IgA, 12 patients (5.5%) had Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia (IgM monoclonal band) and 29 patients (13.4%) were light chain myeloma. One hundred fifty-one (70%) were Kappa chain positive and 66 patients (30%) were lumbda positive. Conventional cytogenetics was available for 40 patients; of them12 patients (30%) showed 13q-. Mean OS was 37.5 months (1-84 months). Survival analysis was statistically insignificant according to age, sex and ISS or type ofP value >0.05). Conclusion: Long term follow up is required to further define the role of different therapeutic lines of treatment including ASCT in the various stages of PCD based on OS data.

  17. Pre-treatment role of inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase polymorphism for predicting anemia in Egyptian hepatitis C virus patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walaa H Ahmed

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate and clarify, for the first time, the role of inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase (ITPA polymorphism in Egyptian chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV patients. METHODS:The human genomic DNA of all patients was extracted from peripheral blood cells in order to determine the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP of ITPA (rs1127354. SNP genotyping was performed by real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR, ABI TaqMan allelic discrimination kit for 102 treatment-naive Egyptian patients with chronic HCV. All patients had no evidence of cardiovascular or renal diseases. They received a combination treatment of pegylated interferon ? (PEG-IFN? as a weekly subcutaneous dose plus an oral weight-adjusted dose of ribavirin (RBV. The majority received PEG-IFN?2a (70.6% while 29.4% received PEG-IFN?2b. The planned duration of treatment was 24-48 wk according to the viral kinetics throughout the course of treatment. Pre-treatment liver biopsy was done for each patient for evaluation of fibrosis stage and liver disease activity. The basal viral load level was detected quantitatively by real time PCR while viral load throughout the treatment course was performed qualitatively by COBAS TaqMan assay. RESULTS: Ninety-three patients (91.2% had ITPA SNP CC genotype and 9 (8.8% had non-CC genotype (CA and AA. The percentage of hemoglobin (Hb decline was higher for CC patients than for non-CC patients, particularly at weeks 4 and 8 (P = 0.047 and 0.034, respectively. During the first 12 wk of treatment, CC patients had significantly more Hb decline > 3 g/dL than non-CC patients: 64.5% vs 22.2% at weeks 8 and 12, respectively, (P = 0.024 and 0.038. Reduction of the amount of the planned RBV dose was significantly higher for CC patients than non-CC patients during the first 12 wk (18% ± 12.1% vs 8.5% ± 10.2%, P = 0.021. The percentage of CC patients with RBV dose reduction was significantly greater than that of non-CC patients (77.4% vs 44.4%, P = 0.044. Multivariate analysis identified only the percentage of RBV dose as a predictor for Hb decline. Platelet decline was significantly higher in non-CC patients than CC patients at weeks 12, 24 and 48 (P = 0.018, 0.009 and 0.026, respectively. CONCLUSION: Rs1127354 ITPA polymorphism plays a decisive role in protecting against treatment-induced anemia and the need for RBV dose reduction in Egyptian HCV patients.

  18. HUMAN INTESTINAL PARASITIC INFECTIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH FACTORS IN RURAL EGYPTIAN COMMUNITIES. A REPORT OF THE U.S.-EGYPTIAN RIVER NILE AND LAKE NASSER RESEARCH PROJECT

    Science.gov (United States)

    A survey of common intestinal parasites was completed in three areas of the Egyptian Nile Valley: The Nile Delta, Upper Middle Egypt and Upper Egypt. The relocated Nubian population was also included. The total sampling included 15,664 persons in 41 villages. More than 95% attend...

  19. Phenolics, Selenium, Vitamin C, Amino Acids and Pungency Levels and Antioxidant Activities of Two Egyptian Onion Varieties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y.A. Elhassaneen

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Selenium, vitamin C, pungency, amino acids, phenolics content and antioxidant activities of two Egyptian onion varieties, namely white (Giza-6 and red (Beheri onions have been studied. Data analysis showed that the red variety presents higher values for selenium, vitamin C and sulphur-containing amino acids. Concerning pungency, white onion can be classified as intermediate pungency (8.24 ?mol of Pyruvic acid/100 g fresh wt. and red as pungent (11.37 ?mol of pyruvic acid/100 g fresh wt.. The phenolic acids, flavonols, anthocyanins and total phenolics content in red variety (81.59, 70.38, 7.56 and 187.17 mg/100 g fresh wt., respectively were higher than for white variety (72.47, 32.49, 4.90 and 131.65 mg/100 g fresh wt., respectively. Consequently, antioxidant activity was higher for the red variety. Correlation analysis indicates that phenolic compounds beside other factors including Se and sulphur-containing amino acid contents play the major role in the antioxidant activity of onion bulbs. The antioxidant capacity of freeze dried powder from both onion varieties was also tested in sunflower oil-in-water emulsions and hydroperoxide formation was monitored during storage at 40°C. In accordance with differences in Se, sulphur-containing amino acid and phenolics content, Egyptian red onions had better antioxidant activity, while white onions was only effective in the early stages of the oxidation process. These data indicates that red variety has higher potential health benefits related to the presence of antioxidant compounds.

  20. Return Anomalies “Disposition Effect and Momentum”: Evidence from the Egyptian Stock Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed M. Sakr

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The persistence of momentum in stock returns across both developed and emerging markets and the challenges that it poses against the Efficient Market Hypothesis created a need to explain its existence. Grinblatt and Han (2005 formulated a model to explain momentum using a well documented behavioral bias which is the Disposition effect. The focus of this paper is to analyze whether disposition effect drives momentum in the Egyptian stock market as one of the growing emerging markets that faces a considerable lack in behavioral studies. Design/methodology/approach: The study is quantitative in nature studying whether disposition effect drives momentum using a sample of 48 companies through the time period 2004–2010. The relation between disposition effect and momentum will be analyzed empirically using Fama Macbeth cross-sectional regression. Findings: Results show that there is no momentum in stock returns in the Egyptian stock market. In addition they show that disposition effect does not drive momentum in the Egyptian stock market as there is no significant relation between expected return and capital gain overhang. The results reveal useful insights about the Egyptian stock market that can be of beneficial use for both practitioners and academics. Research limitations/implications: Limited number of active companies in the Egyptian stock market as well as the limited available historical data poses some restrictions in the implementation of Fama Macbeth regression and the calculation of reference price. In addition analyzing the profitability of momentum strategies across different market states may be required to provide complete picture about momentum in the market. Practical implications: Relative strength strategies do not earn abnormal return in the Egyptian stock market, so practitioners are not advised to follow such strategies. In addition more advanced market mechanisms should be applied in the Egyptian stock market to improve its efficiency as well as increase the speed of information dissemination in the prices. Originality/value: Detailed analysis of literature review reveals a significant gap in academic studies about the Egyptian stock market. This paper aims to fill this gap by analyzing whether there is momentum in stock returns and whether disposition effect drives momentum in the Egyptian stock market that differs from other markets where Grinblatt and Han (2005 has been previously applied and hence this provides an out of sample test of the model.

  1. Seeing Ourselves as Others See Us: Egyptian Teachers' Views of Science Education in Secondary Schools in London, UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swain, Julian; Monk, Martin; Johnson, Sally

    1999-01-01

    Explores Egyptian science teachers' views of (1) science education in London secondary schools and (2) how London schools influenced their teaching in Egypt. Explains that the Egyptian teachers were participating in a 12-week in-service course at King's College, London. Discusses the results. (CMK)

  2. Islamists in the Headlines: Critical Discourse Analysis of the Representation of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egyptian Newspapers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasha, Talaat

    2011-01-01

    This study examines how Islamists are socially, discursively and linguistically represented in the Egyptian newspaper "al-Ahram." The main question of this study is what would the Egyptian government do to halt the Brothers' political growth and potential threat? To answer this question, the study uses Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) to examine…

  3. The Realization of the Speech Act of Refusal in Egyptian Arabic by American Learners of Arabic as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morkus, Nader

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated how the speech act of refusal is realized in Egyptian Arabic by intermediate and advanced American learners of Arabic as a foreign language. It also compared the performance of the learners to that of native speakers of Egyptian Arabic and native speakers of American English. The study aimed to investigate the relationship…

  4. Clinico-pathological features of breast carcinoma in elderly Egyptian patients: A comparison with the non-elderly using population-based data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Breast cancer (BC) is a major worldwide health care problem that mostly afflicts the elderly population in the more developed countries. It is not known how common is breast cancer among elderly Egyptian patients and whether this differs from the disease in younger patients. Aims: To study the clinico-pathological features of BC in elderly Egyptian patients (>65 years of age) among the population of an Egyptian Governorate, Gharbiah, and to compare these features with those of younger patients ( < 65 years). Methods: This is a cross sectional study that compares elderly BC (EBC) and the non-elderly BC (NEBC) using the information from the Gharbiah Population-based Cancer registry (GPCR) during the years 1999-2007. Results: Out of 6078 BCs, 12% were EBCs and 88% were NEBCs. Between 1999 and 2007, the crude incidence rate (CIR, per 100,000 populations) of EBC increased from 47 to 71 and that of NEBC increased from 16 to 17. Compared to NEBC patients, EBC patients were more likely to have a positive family history and present with a distant disease and less likely to present with a localized disease. EBCs were more likely to have lung metastases and less likely to have liver metastases. Histology, grade, hormone and HER-2 receptor statuses were comparable in both groups Apart from hormonal therapies, the elderly were less likely to receive surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Conclusion: EBC patients in Egypt present with advanced disease and are less likely to receive surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy compared to NEBC patient

  5. Effect of breeding conditions on thyroid and sex hormones of pregnant and lactating Egyptian buffaloes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present investigation was planned in order to clarify the effect of breeding conditions on the thyroid and sex hormones of Egyptian female buffaloes during gestation. Parturition and lactation. Serum levels of triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), estradiol and progesterone were studied in two groups of buffaloes, aging 5-7 years.Starting from the 5th month of gestation till the 9th week of lactation. The first group was maintained on standard farm conditions and the second on ordinary traditional village conditions. The data revealed that the way of breeding has no effect on thyroid and sex hormones and no differences were observed. Accordingly, pregnancy and lactation were not affected. These results indicate that the Egyptian buffaloes have high adaptability towards the surrounding conditions so, its worthy to breed such beneficial animals without any additional effort or expenses. These factors should be considered for improving the Egyptian economy

  6. First records of polychaetes new to Egyptian Mediterranean waters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manal Mohamed Atta

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Nineteen benthic polychaete species were recorded for the first time inthe intertidal zone of the Alexandria coast, south-eastern Mediterranean Sea. They belong toSyllidae (7 species, Hesionidae (3 species, Serpulidae (2 species and7 other families (one species each. Of these species Eunice miurai Carrera-Parra& Salazar-Vallejo 1998 appears to be new to the Mediterranean Sea,while four of the alien species earlier recorded in the Mediterranean were found for thefirst time in Egyptian waters: Opisthosyllis brunnea Langerhans 1879,Loimia medusa Savigny 1822, Syllis schulzi Hartmann-Schröder1960, Phyllodoce longifrons Ben-Eliahu 1972.     The newly recorded species demonstrated markedly different patterns offrequency of occurrence and numerical abundance. Spirobranchus triqueterLinnaeus 1758, S. schulzi, L. medusa and Salvatoria clavataClaparède 1863 were permanent and abundant species in fouling samples along the Alexandria coast.Saccocirrus papillocercus Bobretzky 1872 persisted in the sediments at two sites,with a much higher count at the stressed one, while Protodrilussp. inhabited sediments at two other sites throughout the year, sometimes invery high numbers. In addition, the alien species found earlier, Braniaarminii Langerhans 1881, Odontosyllis fulgurans Audouin &Milne-Edwards 1833 and O. brunnea Langerhans 1879, were frequentlyobserved along the Alexandria coast.

  7. Barriers to E-Commerce Adoption in Egyptian SMEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdel Nasser H. Zaied

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available E-commerce has been predicted to be a new driver of economic growth for developing countries. The SME sector plays a significant role in its contribution to the national economy in terms of the wealth created and the number of people employed. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs in Egypt represent the greatest share of the productive units of the Egyptian economy and the current national policy directions address ways and means of developing the capacities of SMEs. Many factors could be responsible for the low usage of e-commerce among the SMEs in Egypt. In order to determine the factors that promote the adoption of e-commerce, SMEs adopters and non-adopters of e-commerce were asked to indicate the factors inhibiting the adoption of e-commerce. The results show that technical barriers are the most important barriers followed by legal and regulatory barriers, whereas lack of Internet security is the highest barrier that inhibit the implementation of e-commerce in SMEs in Egypt followed by limited use of Internet banking and web portals by SMEs. Also, findings implied that more efforts are needed to help and encourage SMEs in Egypt to speed up e-commerce adoption, particularly the more advanced applications.

  8. Mental health in the Middle East: an Egyptian perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okasha, A

    1999-12-01

    This article introduces the reader to mental health in the Middle East with an Egyptian perspective, from the Pharaonic era through the Islamic Renaissance, up until the current state. During Pharaonic times, mental illness was not known as such, as there was no separator between Soma and Psyche. Actually, mental disorders were described as symptoms of the heart and uterine diseases, as stated in Eber's and Kahoun's papyri. In spite of the mystical culture, mental disorders were attributed and treated on a somatic basis. In the Islamic era, mental patients were never subjected to any torture or maltreatment because of the inherited belief that they may be possessed by a good Moslem genie. The first mental hospital in Europe was located in Spain, following the Arab invasion, and from then on it propagated to other European countries. The 14th century Kalawoon Hospital in Cairo had four departments, including medicine, surgery, ophthalmology, and mental disorders. Six centuries earlier, psychiatry in general hospitals was recognized in Europe. The influence of Avicenna and Elrazi and their contributions to European medicine is well-known. This article discusses further the current state of the mental health services in Egypt and the transcultural studies of the prevalence and phenomenology of anxiety, schizophrenia, depression, suicide, conversion, and obsessive compulsive disorders. An outline of psychiatric disorders in children is discussed. The problem of drug abuse is also addressed, especially that in Egypt after 1983, where drugs like heroine replaced the common habit of hashish. PMID:10547710

  9. Utilization of Egyptian Research Reactor and Modes of Collaboration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new Egyptian Research Reactor (ETRR-2) is a Material Testing Reactor (MTR) commissioned in 1997. It is an open pool Research Reactor (RR) using low enriched MTR fuel elements (less than 20% enrichment), cooled and moderated with light water and reflected by beryllium. The reactor power is 22 MW with high neutron flux irradiation positions (flux > 1014 n/cm2.s) and can be operated up to 19 days providing high neutron fluence. Also, the reactor has two fast irradiation positions, two silicon irradiation positions, three radial and one tangential beam tubes, and thermal column. ETRR-2 is a multipurpose reactor, several experimental and production facilities have been installed for Radio Isotope (RI) production (I-131, I-125, Cr-51, Ir-192, and Co-60 ), Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) applications, Neutron Transmutation Doping (NTD), neutron radiography experiments, and training of personnel. A special hot cell for irradiated material testing has been installed where the impact tests, tensile tests, and other material characterization can be applied for irradiated samples of materials used in Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) and advanced reactors. In this paper, the utilization of ETRR-2 and future plans for development of some of existing and new facilities are presented as well as modes of collaboration with regional countries for sharing RR services. (author)

  10. Egyptian girls acquire skills, jobs, and new identities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harel, K

    1997-01-01

    Maqattam, with a population of 17,000, is the largest of Cairo's garbage settlements. Twice a day, girls and young women aged 12-20 years sift through garbage in search of food scraps to feed their pigs, bundle animal bones, pick through glass and metal, and separate paper and plastic. 20 years ago, the Association for the Protection of the Environment (APE), an Egyptian nonprofit organization, began working in the settlement in an effort to improve both the standard of living in the community and women's status. A composting plant for pig manure was first installed, removing the product from yards and generating income for development. A second project involved 500 Cairo families who separated organic and inorganic garbage before pick-up by the garbage-collecting families, reducing by 50% the hours which Maqattam women and girls spend sorting. Particular effort was made to connect girls to nonfamilial institutions in the attempt to create employment which was close to home, acceptable to the community, readily learned, requiring low material investment, and having a market. To develop girls' skills and offer them a chance to earn income, the developers chose rug weaving, patchwork, and papermaking, while some young women have become home-visiting health workers. Project leaders are now looking into how to encourage men to be supportive of young women who assume new roles. The development project also opened an infant and child care center. PMID:12292989

  11. Mining of Egyptian Missions Data for Shaping New Paradigms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laila Mohamed ElFangary

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews data mining applications of students' databases in educational institutions. Data mining techniques that predict and improve students' retention rates and success is presented. Moreover, the Missions Administration at the Ministry of Higher Education in Egypt and previous analysis done on the missions databases is described. The paper further describes the methodology used for analyzing the database for the ministry of higher education in Egypt. The process starts by extracting a subset of data including the missioners and the mission’s data, countries, specialties, departure and arrival dates and finally the extension requests from the missioners. These data were extracted into a data warehouse for the analysis purpose. The used model discovered the best and the worst countries for student mission. A detailed analysis discovered the best and the worst specialties in the previously discovered countries.Moreover, the analysis revealed the effect of the marital status on the mission of students in foreign countries. A visual display using a chart was used to express the information to business users. This model may help in achieving effective decision making in the reallocation of Egyptian students to other countries.

  12. Peanut sensitization in a group of allergic Egyptian children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossny Elham

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There are no published data on peanut sensitization in Egypt and the problem of peanut allergy seems underestimated. We sought to screen for peanut sensitization in a group of atopic Egyptian children in relation to their phenotypic manifestations. Methods We consecutively enrolled 100 allergic children; 2-10 years old (mean 6.5 yr. The study measurements included clinical evaluation for site of allergy, possible precipitating factors, consumption of peanuts (starting age and last consumption, duration of breast feeding, current treatment, and family history of allergy as well as skin prick testing with a commercial peanut extract, and serum peanut specific and total IgE estimation. Children who were found sensitized to peanuts were subjected to an open oral peanut challenge test taking all necessary precautions. Results Seven subjects (7% were sensitized and three out of six of them had positive oral challenge denoting allergy to peanuts. The sensitization rates did not vary significantly with gender, age, family history of allergy, breast feeding duration, clinical form of allergy, serum total IgE, or absolute eosinophil count. All peanut sensitive subjects had skin with or without respiratory allergy. Conclusions Peanut allergy does not seem to be rare in atopic children in Egypt. Skin prick and specific IgE testing are effective screening tools to determine candidates for peanut oral challenging. Wider scale multicenter population-based studies are needed to assess the prevalence of peanut allergy and its clinical correlates in our country.

  13. Gonadotropins studies in female egyptian subjects under different physiological conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study is concerned with the role of the hypothalamic hypophyseal regulatory hormonal mechanisms in the control of gonadal secretions in a selected normal egyptian female subjects with varying ages under different physiological conditions. The study allowed precise definition of the modulator influence of a number of key factors triggering appropriate alteration in circulating serum levels of FSH and LH determined by IRMA technique in pre-pubertal female children (9-11), post-pubertal adolescents females (13-16). Adult married females (27-33) and post-menopausal (58-63). The levels of FSH and LH were increased markedly with age but children less than 11 years old had only nocturnal increase in levels of FSH (p.O.I) and LH(P< 0.001). post-pubertal aged girls had significant nocturnal elevation only of LH levels (P< 0.001), adult married females did not exhibit significant difference in gonadotropin concentrations. whereas significant elevation in FSH and LH levels (P<0.001) in post-menopausal females were observed

  14. Fast neutron fluxes distribution in Egyptian ilmenite concrete

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work is concerned with the study of the distribution of fast neutron fluxes in a new type of heavy concrete made from Egyptian ilmenite ores. The neutron source used was a collimated beam of reactor neutrons emitted from one of the horizontal channels of the ET-RR-1 reactor. Measurements were carried-out using phosphorous activation detectors. Iso-flux curves were represented which give directly the shape and thickness required to attenuate the emitted fast neutron flux to a certain value. The relaxation lengths were also evaluated from the measured data for both disc monodirectional source and infinite plane monodirectional source. The obtained values were compared with that calculated using the derived values of relative number densities and microscopic removal cross-sections of the different constituents. The obtained data show that ilmenite concrete attenuates fast neutron flux more strongly than ordinary concrete. A semiemperical formula was derived to calculate the fast neutron flux at different thicknesses along the beam axis. Another semiemperical formula was also derived to calculate the fast neutron flux in ordinary concrete along the beam axis using the corresponding value in ilmenite concrete

  15. Efficiency of diagnostic biomarkers among colonic schistosomiasis Egyptian patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Manal Abdel Aziz, Hamed; Samia Abdel Aziz, Ahmed; Hussein Moustafa, Khaled.

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The schistosomal parasite plays a critical role in the development of malignant lesions in different organs. The pathogenesis of cancer is currently under intense investigation to identify reliable prognostic indices for disease detection. The objective of this paper is to evaluate certain biochemic [...] al parameters as diagnostic tools to efficiently differentiate between colonic carcinoma and colonic carcinoma associated with schistosomal infection among Egyptian patients. The parameters under investigation are interleukin 2 (IL-2), tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels, tissue telomerase, pyruvate kinase (PK), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) enzyme activities. The results revealed a significant elevation in the level of the tumour markers IL-2, TNF-? and CEA as well as the activities of LDH, telomerase and G-6-PD among non-bilharzial and bilharzial colonic cancer groups, with a more potent effect in bilharzial infection-associated colonic cancer. A significant inhibition in PK activity was recorded in the same manner as compared to normal tissues. The efficacy of this biomarker was also evaluated through detecting sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values. In conclusion, schistosomal colonic carcinoma patients displayed more drastic changes in all parameters under investigation. The combination of the selected parameters succeeded in serving as biomarkers to differentiate between the two malignant types.

  16. Radiological responses of different types of Egyptian Mediterranean coastal sediments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to identify gamma self-absorption correction factors for different types of Egyptian Mediterranean coastal sediments. Self-absorption corrections based on direct transmission through different thicknesses of the most dominant sediment species have been tested against point sources with gamma-ray energies of 241Am, 137Cs and 60Co with 2% uncertainties. Black sand samples from the Rashid branch of the Nile River quantitatively absorbed the low energy of 241Am through a thickness of 5 cm. In decreasing order of gamma energy self-absorption of 241Am, the samples under investigation ranked black sand, Matrouh sand, Sidi Gaber sand, shells, Salloum sand, and clay. Empirical self-absorption correction formulas were also deduced. Chemical analyses such as pH, CaCO3, total dissolved solids, Ca2+, Mg2+, CO32-, HCO3- and total Fe2+ have been carried out for the sediments. The relationships between self absorption corrections and the other chemical parameters of the sediments were also examined.

  17. Distribution of Fungi in the Sandy Soil of Egyptian Beaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma F. Migahed

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The mycobiota of the sandy soil of Egyptian beaches was investigated in thirty six sand samples collected from nine different localities in Egypt. The filamentous fungi were identified and assigned to thirty one genera and fifty one species. Greater populations as well as a wider spectrum range of fungal genera and species were obtained in sandy soil of Alexandria beach while Balteem beach was the poorest one. The total count of the genus or species did not always follow the number of cases of isolation. Most of the genera detected belonged to the Deuteromycotina with fewer proportions belonging to the Ascomycotina and Zygomycotina. The genera of highest incidence and their respective numbers of species were: Penicillium (35.72%, 6 spp. and Aspergillus (30.28%, 16 spp.. The species which showed the highest incidence in all cases was P. chrysogenum, followed by P. citrinum, A. flavus, Chaetomium murorum and Trichoderma viride. Several other genera and species were detected at quite low occurrence.

  18. Endocrine and metabolic disorders in ?-thalassemiamajor patients

    OpenAIRE

    Saffari, Fatemeh; Mahyar, Abolfazl; Jalilolgadr, Shabnam

    2012-01-01

    Background: Thalassemia is the most common hereditary anemia and beta thalassemia major is its most severe form. Endocrine abnormalities in thalassemia major are common disturbing complications that need prompt management. The purpose of this study was to determine the endocrine disorders and bone mineral density in patients with major  -thalassemia in .

  19. Size Effect, Seasonality, Attitude to Risk and Performance of Egyptian Banks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nader Alber

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at analyzing the effects of “size”, “seasonality” and “attitude to risk” on the performance Egyptian banks. This has been conducted using a sample of 10 banks, and covering the period from the first quarter2003 to the fourth quarter 2011. Results indicate that, hypotheses regarding the significance of differences between performance indicators, according to “size”, “seasonality” and “attitude to risk” on the performance Egyptian banks could be accepted. Also, robustness check assures the significance of these effects, where indicators of both capital adequacy and earnings are affected by both of size and attitude to risk, while asset quality is affected by size and seasonality.

  20. Evolutionstechnik or Selection and Variation in the Egyptian Origami Bird (Avis papyrus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karin Westerling (Matthew Gage Middle School REV)

    1995-06-30

    To examine the random nature of mutations and natural selection, students breed clutches of Egyptian Origami Birds (Avis papyrus) using random number generators (dice and coins) to mutate several genetic loci: anterior and posterior wing position, wing width, and wing length. The birds are then released. Only those birds that can fly the furthest survive to produce offspring. After several generations, students usually note a significant increase in flight distance and duration. In a second experiment, different groups of students study separate sub-populations of Egyptian Origami Birds that experience different selection pressures. Details of Origami Bird anatomy, breeding and selection, are in the student instructions and the accompanying graphic.

  1. Count like an egyptian a hands-on introduction to ancient mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Reimer, David

    2014-01-01

    The mathematics of ancient Egypt was fundamentally different from our math today. Contrary to what people might think, it wasn't a primitive forerunner of modern mathematics. In fact, it can't be understood using our current computational methods. Count Like an Egyptian provides a fun, hands-on introduction to the intuitive and often-surprising art of ancient Egyptian math. David Reimer guides you step-by-step through addition, subtraction, multiplication, and more. He even shows you how fractions and decimals may have been calculated-they technically didn't exist in the land of the pharaohs.

  2. Separation of cerium (III) from egyptian monazite by oxidation to cerium(IV)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lanthanides hydrous oxides produced from the egyptian monazite contain about 45% cerium of the total lanthanides. The high concentration of Ce in this matrix complicates separation of different lanthanides from each other. In this paper a method was developed to separate cerium quantitatively from the lanthanide cake produced from egyptian monazite by precipitating tetravalent cerium from other trivalent lanthanides by oxidation of Ce (III) with bleaching powder from dilute solution of nitric hydrochloric acids mixture. The different parameters affecting the separation were studied in details

  3. Egyptian And International Automotive Diesel. Fuels: Specifications Meeting Challenges To Refining Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a brief summary and comparison of Egyptian automotive diesel fuel to the international one. Recent legislation all over the world, requiring further reduction in sulfur, aromatics, T90 and T95 and increasing cetane value of the transportation diesel fuels, presents numerous technical and economic challenges to the refiners. While refiners grapple with these challenges, they will also face pressure from the increased demand of transportation diesel fuel and tighter capital restrictions. Overcome of these challenges makes a fair competition. A comparison of the Egyptian automotive diesel fuel and the international one will be a guide to locally and globally facing these challenges

  4. Whole-body three-dimensional multidetector CT of 13 Egyptian human mummies.

    OpenAIRE

    Gandini, Giovanni; BOANO, ROSA

    2003-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to assess the role of multidetector CT and three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions in noninvasive studies of Egyptian mummies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 13 mummies from the Egyptian Museum in Torino, Italy, dating from Dynasty III to Dynasty IV (2650-2450 B.C.) and from the Ptolemaic period (332-30 B.C.) to the Roman period (30 B.C.-A.D. 395), using a multidetector CT unit with a single volumetric acquisition of the whole body, including lower ...

  5. LEU fuel element produced by the Egyptian fuel manufacturing pilot plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Egyptian Fuel Manufacturing Pilot Plant, FMPP, is a Material Testing Reactor type (MTR) fuel element facility, for producing the specified fuel elements required for the Egyptian Second Research Reactor, ETRR-2. The plant uses uranium hexafluoride (UF6, 19.75% U235 by wt) as a raw material which is processed through a series of the manufacturing, inspection and test plan to produce the final specified fuel elements. Radiological safety aspects during design, construction, operation, and all reasonably accepted steps should be taken to prevent or reduce the chance of accidents occurrence. (author)

  6. Determinants of medication non-adherence in Egyptian patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: Sharkia Governorate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdul-Sattar, Amal B; Abou El Magd, Sahar A

    2015-06-01

    The aim of the study was to identify the determinants of adherence to medication among Egyptian patients with SLE. A single-center cross-sectional study was conducted among Egyptian patients with SLE. Adherence to medication was measured via The Compliance Questionnaire for Rheumatology-19, and the patients were classified as non-adherers if they were taking educational level (OR 5.6, 95 % CI 2.1-7.3, P socioeconomic status (OR 2.6, 95 % CI 1.6-4.3, P socioeconomic status is strongly recommended. More attention should be given to SLE patients who live in rural regions. PMID:25424491

  7. Biochemical and physiological changes in Egyptian Nile fish subjected to varying levels of gamma irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation is nowadays to be considered as a new parameter in the ecology of water masses. Aquatic organisms, perhaps more than any other group of organisms, are directly exposed to radiation hazard and may be subjected to continuous low-level exposure from bottom material and from internal sources accumulated within their own bodies, originating partly from radionuclides released from nuclear facilities into the aquatic environment. In recent years, a large number of papers have been published on the uptake, concentration and release of radioactive material by aquatic organisms. However, radiation experiments on fish, a major source of food for human consumption, are still very rare and mostly restricted to studies on the effect of irradiation on eggs and larvae. Since the study of the radiation effect on living aquatic organisms, particularly fish, is important in connection with the problems of preserving water resources for the benefit of mankind, the work presented here has been done to ascertain the effect of varying dose-levels of gamma irradiation on two common Egyptian Nile fish species, the catfish Clarias lazera and the Tilapia nilotica. Investigations carried out on Clarias lazera involved blood and muscle analyses as well as growth rate measurements. The results obtained showed impaired haematological levels, changes in weight of muscle proteins and, chiefly, retardation in growth rate. Investigations carried out on Tilapia nilotica revealed changes in then Tilapia nilotica revealed changes in the activity of certain digestive enzyme systems, glucose level in blood and concentration of the glycogen store in liver and muscles. In discussing the results obtained the authors have taken the relevant literature into consideration. (author)

  8. Reporte de un probable caso de Hemoglobina S / Talasemia Beta / Hemoglobin S / Beta Thalassemia. Report of a probable case

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    John, Ramírez Cuentas; Olga, Lizama Olaya; Josilú, Martínez La Rosa; Mercy, Jhong Olivera; Eduardo, Salazar Lindo.

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english We report the case of a patient with Hemoglobin S / Thalassemia. It is feasible to recognize this infrequent disease by its clinical presentation and the aid of clinical laboratory . On this patient, the diagnosis was established based on the clinical findings, hematological evaluation (with careful [...] observation of the red cell morphology and reticulocyte count) and electrophoretic analysis of hemoglobin. We discusse the physiopathology, clinical manifestations, treatment and alternative of prevention of this disease. (Rev Med Hered 2004;15:173-178).

  9. Evaluation of Co-Segregation Between Bipolar Mood Disorder and Heterozygous Beta-Thalassemia in Patients Originated From Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Bipolar affective diseases are relatively common affecting about 1-5% of the population worldwide with heritability about 80%. Previous studies supposed the association of heterozygous -thalassemia and Bipolar Disorder (BPD. This study examined this association in Iranian patients. A case-control study recruited 110 patients with BP and 118 subjects with no psychiatric disorders. Total Cell Blood Count (CBC was undertaken for all subjects. Haemoglobin electrophoresis was only carried out for those who were microcytic in the blood picture (MCV<75 FL. Ten percent of patients and 10.1% of control group were microcytic in their CBC. Haemoglobin electrophoresis revealed 9 out of 110 (8.18% in patients and 5 out of 118 (4.24% in control group had haemoglobin A2 elevated between 3.4-7% and identified as minor -Thalassemia. In the present case-control study, no significant linkage was identified comparing the prevalence of heterozygous -thalassemia in two groups. Based on the results presented here, we could not conclude any association between BPD and heterozygous -thalassemia.

  10. Serum Mannan-Binding Lectin in Egyptian Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C: Its Relation to Disease Progression and Response to Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalia Omran

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV infection is a major worldwide public health problem. Egypt has the highest prevalence of adult HCV infection in the world, averaging 15%–25% in rural communities. Mannan-binding lectin (MBL is a liver-derived pluripotent serum lectin that plays a role in the innate immune system of the host. It is an acute-phase protein that is involved in the activation of the classical complement pathway. MBL may play a defensive role in HCV infection.Objectives: To investigate the relationship between MBL concentration and HCV infection in Egyptian patients suffering chronic hepatitis C.Patients and Methods: Serum samples obtained from 35 Egyptian hepatitis C patients and 30 normal controls were assayed for MBL. MBL concentrations were correlated to disease characteristics and treatment response.Results: Serum MBL was significantly higher in HCV patients than in controls, but no relationship was found between MBL concentration and disease progression in terms of hepatic fibrosis and inflammation. Responders to interferon (INF-based therapy had significantly higher serum MBL than non-responders.Conclusions: We found no association between serum MBL concentration and progression of HCV related liver disease. Responders to INF-based therapy had significantly higher serum MBL than non-responders.

  11. The Restoration and Conservation of Egyptian Alabaster Vessels from the Early ERA in Atfiyah Museum Store - Helwan - Egypt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radi Abdel Kader, R.; Sayed Mohamed, S.

    2013-07-01

    Egypt is considered one of the most countries which contain a lot of cultural heritage; the Ancient Egyptian used a lot of stones for his life like: limestone, sandstone, granite and Egyptian Alabaster. The Egyptian Alabaster is used for his daily and eternal life, he made a lot of funerary furniture from this stone like: vessels, statues, Architectural elements in the temples, tombs and canopic jars to preserve his viscera from decomposition like: stomach, liver … etc in the mummification process. Egyptian Alabaster is a sedimentary rock especially chemical- origin sedimentary rocks, it deposits inside caves and around springs which consists of calcium carbonates (CaCO3), they are very fragile "hardness = 3 in Mohs hardness scale". The Egyptian Alabaster vessels expose to a lot of deterioration factors in the burial and exposure environment after excavation. The study case vessels are made of Egyptian alabaster stone and belong to the early era (First and second Egyptian dynasties) in Atfiyah museum store, these vessels exposed to a lot of deterioration factors in the burial and exposure environment like: soil pressure, air temperature variety, relative humidity and salts. The vessels are conserved at the restoration laboratory in Atfiyah museum store by a lot of restoration and conservation processes like: cleaning - consolidation - assembling process for the separated parts and completion for the lost parts.

  12. Determinants of Work Relation Perception: Organizational Culture in Egyptian Workplaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Taha Mohamed

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed at investigating different types of organizational cultures common in Egyptian workplaces andhow they might be influenced by the type of ownership (governmental, public, or private, the region in whichthe organization exists (Cairo, North Egypt, or South Egypt, and the organization size (large vs. small.Organizational cultures were divided, according to the Competing Values Model proposed Cameron and Quinn(1999/2006, into four types: Market, Hierarchy, Adhocracy, and Clan cultures. Organizational cultures wereevaluated by developing an Arabic/Egyptian standardized version of the Organizational Climate Measure (OCMprepared originally by Patterson and his colleagues (Patterson et al. 2005. OCM was based on the CompetingValues Model and was designed to assess the four basic dimensions of the model, and it went further to definespecific components (which ranged from 2 to 6 for every dimension, with 4 to 6 items for each component. Inthe OCM, the Clan culture was renamed Human Relations culture, which includes 6 dimensions, and Hierarchyculture became Internal Process culture and included 2 components. Similarly, Adhocracy culture was renamedOpen System culture with 3 components, and Market culture was renamed Rational Goal culture with 6components. A sample of 158 employees working in different professions participated in the study. Their agesranged between 19 to 62 years old and their mean age was 34.94 years (SD = 10.61. 82 (52% were males ad 76(48% were females. A 3X3X2 MANOVA of the data was conducted. Results indicated that privateorganizations got higher scores on Human Relations, Open System, and Rational Goal cultures thangovernmental organizations (but not necessarily the public ones. On the other hand, organizations in NorthEgypt and Cairo got higher scores than their counterparts in South Egypt in Human Relations (integration andtraining, Open System (innovation and most components of Rational Goal culture. However, South Egyptorganizations showed higher level of Internal Process (familiarization and tradition than the organizations inCairo and North Egypt. As for Organization size, it has in general a limited effect on organizational culture butlarge organizations showed significantly higher level of Internal Process (familiarization and Rational Goal(efficiency cultures than small ones, which showed higher level of Open System (innovation culture. Thepatterns of interactions showed that public organizations in the north can have higher level of Open Systemculture (innovation than their private and governmental counterparts. Also, Human Relations culture (especiallytraining can be important in small, family-owned organizations in South and North Egypt in comparison toCairo. Moreover, although private organizations tend to give employees more independence and responsibility,the large ones tend to be more restrictive and formal than public and governmental ones, especially in Cairo(where they usually have their central headquarters. Counter to the common belief, Rational Goal culture (workquality and pressure to work were higher in governmental organizations in South Egypt than private and publicones because of the limited resources available to the private section in this region.

  13. Intestinal parasitic infection among Egyptian children with chronic liver diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Shazly, Lerine Bahy El-Dine; El-Faramawy, Amel Abdel Magid; El-Sayed, Nagwa Mostafa; Ismail, Khadiga Ahmed; Fouad, Sally Mohammed

    2015-03-01

    Patients with chronic liver diseases (CLD) are often highly susceptible to parasitic infection due to a depressed immune system. The objective of this study was to detect the most commonly intestinal parasites found among Egyptian children with CLD. The present study was conducted on 50 children with CLD of different etiology (25 were having different intestinal symptoms, 25 without intestinal symptoms) and 50 non-CLD children with gastrointestinal complaints served as controls. All cases were subjected to stool examination and investigated by liver function tests. Also, anthropometric measurements were taken for all children including weight and height. It was found that the most commonly intestinal protozoa identified in the patients with CLD in order of frequency were: Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar (16 %), Giardia lamblia (14 %), Blastocystis hominis (14 %), Cryptosporidium parvum (10 %), E. histolytica and G. lamblia (2 %), E. histolytica and B. hominis (2 %), G. lamblia and B. hominis (2 %), B. hominis and Entamoeba coli (2 %), Microsporidium (2 %) and no cases were found infected with Strongyloides stercoralis. As compared to the controls, the observed incidence of these organisms in CLD patients was significantly higher (p < 0.045) as regards stool examination by unstained techniques while, there was no significant difference between both groups as regards stool examination by stained techniques (p < 0.478). In addition, this study showed that the weight and height of studied patients were affected by parasitic infection while, there was no significant correlation between parasitic infection and liver function tests. In conclusion, chronic liver diseases affect the immunity of the patients as shown in significant increase in the incidence of intestinal parasites in cases compared to controls. PMID:25698851

  14. Cytokine Gene Polymorphisms in Egyptian Cases with Brain Tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Cytokines are proposed to play important roles in brain tumor biology as well as neuro degeneration or impaired neuronal function. Objectives: This work aimed to check the association of polymorphisms of cytokine genes in Egyptian cases with brain tumors. Methods: This work included 45 cases affected by brain tumors diagnosed as 24 benign and 21 malignant. Their median age was 45 years, and they were 20 males and 25 females. These cases were taken randomly from the Neurosurgery Department of Mansoura University Hospital, Egypt. Case genotypes were compared to 98 healthy unrelated controls from the same locality. DNA was amplified using PCR utilizing sequence specific primers (SSP) for detection of polymorphisms related to TNF-a-308 (G/A), IL-10-1082 (G/A), IL-6-174 (G/C) and IL-1Ra (VNTR) genes. Results: Cases affected with benign brain tumors showed a significant higher frequency of IL-10-1082 A/A [odds ratio (OR=8.0), p<0.001] and IL-6-174 C/C (OR=6.3, p=0.002) homozygous genotypes as compared to controls. Malignant cases, on the other hand, showed significantly higher frequency of IL-6-174 C/C (OR =4.8, p=0.002) homozygous genotype and TNF-a-308 A/A (OR=4.9, p<0.001) homozygous genotype when compared to controls. In the meantime, all cases showed no significant difference regarding the distribution of IL-1Ra VNTR genotype polymorphism compared to controls. Conclusions: Cytokine gene polymorphisms showed a pattern of association with brain tumors which may have potential impact on family counseling and disease management.

  15. Quality of Life in Egyptian Children with Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Fawzy

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Cancer treatments leading to increased survival rates are reported to participate in the creation of debilitating physical and psychosocial deficits for cancer survivors. Measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL are designed to tap such consequences of cancer treatment together with the impact of the disease itself. Methods: Parents of 67 included patients aged 8 - 12 years, were asked to complete the parent proxy report of PedsQLTM 3.0 Cancer Module (Arabic version, as well as a separate sheet for socio-demographic data. Results: The ratio of Males to females was 1.8:1 among study patients with a median age of 8 years at diagnosis. Hematological malignancies represented 70.1% of the sample, with the highest proportion for ALL (52.2%. Total QOL showed to be relatively low with mean value of 62.29 for the whole group. Subscales with least scores were for; worry (44.11, perceived physical appearance (50.6, and procedural anxiety (55.34. On the other hand, the best score was 75.98 for communication, followed by 72.63 for cognitive problems. The impacts of some medical and socio-demographic variables on QOL and its subscales were elicited in our results. Conclusion: Increased treatment intensity, long duration of hospital admission, higher frequency of hospital visits, female sex, younger age at diagnosis, and large family size were all associated with a poorer total QOL and/or its subscales among Egyptian pediatric cancer patients.

  16. Analysis of Technical Specifications of the Egyptian and French Electronic Storybooks (e-Storybook)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atta, Mohammed Mahmoud; Abd El Wahab, Shaimaa Mahmoud

    2015-01-01

    This research aims at analysing technical specifications in a sample of Egyptian and French electronic storybooks (e-storybooks), to identify similarities and differences in technical specifications of children's e-storybooks and create a verified analysis list to be used for evaluation of e-storybooks. For this purpose, 32 e-storybooks in CD…

  17. On the research activities in reactor and neutron physics using the first egyptian research reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review on the most important research activities in reactor and neutron physics using the first Egyptian Research Reactor (ET-RR-1) is given. An out look on: neutron cross-sections, neutron flux, neutron capture gamma-ray spectroscopy, neutron activation analysis, neutron diffraction and radiation shielding experiments, is presented

  18. Experimental Inoculation of Egyptian Rousette Bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus with Viruses of the Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus Genera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan E.B. Jones

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Egyptian rousette bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus is a natural reservoir for marburgviruses and a consistent source of virus spillover to humans. Cumulative evidence suggests various bat species may also transmit ebolaviruses. We investigated the susceptibility of Egyptian rousettes to each of the five known ebolaviruses (Sudan, Ebola, Bundibugyo, Taï Forest, and Reston, and compared findings with Marburg virus. In a pilot study, groups of four juvenile bats were inoculated with one of the ebolaviruses or Marburg virus. In ebolavirus groups, viral RNA tissue distribution was limited, and no bat became viremic. Sudan viral RNA was slightly more widespread, spurring a second, 15-day Sudan virus serial euthanasia study. Low levels of Sudan viral RNA disseminated to multiple tissues at early time points, but there was no viremia or shedding. In contrast, Marburg virus RNA was widely disseminated, with viremia, oral and rectal shedding, and antigen in spleen and liver. This is the first experimental infection study comparing tissue tropism, viral shedding, and clinical and pathologic effects of six different filoviruses in the Egyptian rousette, a known marburgvirus reservoir. Our results suggest Egyptian rousettes are unlikely sources for ebolaviruses in nature, and support a possible single filovirus—single reservoir host relationship.

  19. Grammatical Features of Egyptian and Palestinian Arabic Heritage Speakers' Oral Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albirini, Abdulkafi; Benmamoun, Elabbas; Saadah, Eman

    2011-01-01

    This study presents an investigation of oral narratives collected from heritage Egyptian and Palestinian Arabic speakers living in the United States. The focus is on a number of syntactic and morphological features in their production, such as word order, use of null subjects, selection of prepositions, agreement, and possession. The degree of…

  20. Cyber Uprising: Al-Jazeera TV Channel and the Egyptian Uprising

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinnawi, Khalil

    2012-01-01

    This study will address the role of Arab transnational media in the Egyptian uprising. The main argument is that the emergence of the Arab satellite media in the region, such as al-Jazeera TV Channel and the Internet, has had a significant impact on the political and socio-cultural transformation in different Arab countries. It examines how the…

  1. Experimental Inoculation of Egyptian Rousette Bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) with Viruses of the Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus Genera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Megan E B; Schuh, Amy J; Amman, Brian R; Sealy, Tara K; Zaki, Sherif R; Nichol, Stuart T; Towner, Jonathan S

    2015-01-01

    The Egyptian rousette bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus) is a natural reservoir for marburgviruses and a consistent source of virus spillover to humans. Cumulative evidence suggests various bat species may also transmit ebolaviruses. We investigated the susceptibility of Egyptian rousettes to each of the five known ebolaviruses (Sudan, Ebola, Bundibugyo, Taï Forest, and Reston), and compared findings with Marburg virus. In a pilot study, groups of four juvenile bats were inoculated with one of the ebolaviruses or Marburg virus. In ebolavirus groups, viral RNA tissue distribution was limited, and no bat became viremic. Sudan viral RNA was slightly more widespread, spurring a second, 15-day Sudan virus serial euthanasia study. Low levels of Sudan viral RNA disseminated to multiple tissues at early time points, but there was no viremia or shedding. In contrast, Marburg virus RNA was widely disseminated, with viremia, oral and rectal shedding, and antigen in spleen and liver. This is the first experimental infection study comparing tissue tropism, viral shedding, and clinical and pathologic effects of six different filoviruses in the Egyptian rousette, a known marburgvirus reservoir. Our results suggest Egyptian rousettes are unlikely sources for ebolaviruses in nature, and support a possible single filovirus-single reservoir host relationship. PMID:26120867

  2. Case Study of Professional Learning Community Characteristics in an Egyptian Private School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenoyer, Faith E.

    2012-01-01

    This case study of an Egyptian school sought to explore staff perceptions of which characteristics of a professional learning community, as posited by Hord (1997), were found in ABC School's culture. Educational staff (52 (100%)) completed the School Professional Staff as Learning Community Questionnaire (SPSLCQ) and 18 (35%) educational…

  3. Design, Development and Validation of a Model of Problem Solving for Egyptian Science Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahat, Mohamed A.; Ohle, Annika; Treagust, David F.; Fischer, Hans E.

    2013-01-01

    Educators and policymakers envision the future of education in Egypt as enabling learners to acquire scientific inquiry and problem-solving skills. In this article, we describe the validation of a model for problem solving and the design of instruments for evaluating new teaching methods in Egyptian science classes. The instruments were based on…

  4. Egyptian Workers and "Their" Intellectuals: The Dialectical Pedagogy of the Mahalla Strike Movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Smet, Brecht

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the development of the Egyptian workers' movement in the face of the 25 January Revolution through the notion of dialectical pedagogy. This Gramscian concept is extended by a Vygotskyan analysis of the reciprocal learning processes, which stimulate a proletarian activity system to overcome its economic-corporate predicament.…

  5. Sources of L2 Writing Apprehension: A Study of Egyptian University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel Latif, Muhammad M.

    2015-01-01

    High levels of apprehension cause students to have writing difficulties. This study attempted to identify the sources of Egyptian university students' English writing apprehension. The study made use of both quantitative and qualitative data. The scores of 57 students on a writing apprehension scale were compared to their scores on another scale…

  6. Frequency of palmaris longus absence and its association with other anatomical variations in the Egyptian population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raouf, Hoda Abdel; Kader, Ghada Abdel; Jaradat, Ahmed; Dharap, Amol; Fadel, Raouf; Salem, Abdel Halim

    2013-07-01

    The palmaris longus (PL) is one of the most variable muscles in the human body. Racial differences in its variation have been documented. Several studies have attempted to correlate PL absence with other anatomical variations. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of absence of PL, correlate it with gender and body side and to determine its association with other anatomical variations in the Egyptian population. The presence of PL was clinically determined in 386 Egyptians using the standard technique. All subjects were examined for the presence of the flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) to the fifth finger. Allen's test was done to assess the completeness of the superficial palmar arch (SPA). The overall prevalence of absence of the PL in Egyptian subjects was 50.8%. There was no significant difference in PL absence with regard to the body side but a significant difference was seen as regards gender and when bilateral absence of PL was compared to its unilateral absence. Absence of FDS tendon to the fifth finger was seen in 1.3% subjects. There was no association between the absence of the FDS tendon to the fifth finger and either presence or absence of PL and also between the absence of PL and the incompleteness of SPA in both genders. In conclusion, the prevalence of absence of PL in the Egyptian population represents one of the highest rates of absence to be reported for this muscle, which is significantly different from that in other ethnic groups. PMID:23339087

  7. Genome Sequence of Bacillus thuringiensis Strain Btm27, an Egyptian Isolate Highly Toxic to Cotton Leafworm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusconi, Brigida; Chen, Yue; Koenig, Sara S. K.; El-Helow, Ehab R.

    2015-01-01

    Bacillus thuringiensis is a potent microbial control agent against insect pests. Here, we present the draft genome of the Egyptian strain Btm27 that shows high toxicity toward the cotton leafworm. The genome contains three insecticidal genes cry1Ac9, cry2Ab1, and vip3V that have been implicated in conferring toxicity toward lepidoptera. PMID:25977430

  8. Moessbauer study and firing conditions of ancient Egyptian ceramics with multicoloured layers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Moessbauer patterns of ancient Egyptian potsherds with differently coloured layers representing different degrees of oxidation were studied at 4.2, 120 and 300 K, and additional refiring experiments were performed. The results show that the occurrence or non-occurrence of the Morin transition in the hematite is a valuable feature in the Moessbauer characterization of ceramics. (author)

  9. Mössbauer, X-ray and derivatographic studies on Egyptian Nile clay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eissa, N. A.; Gomaa, S. Sh.; Hassaan, M. Y.; Sallam, H. A.

    1988-12-01

    The constituents of the clay minerals in eighteen Nile clay and two Desert (calcareous) samples, were investigated. The physicochemical transformations induced in the iron containing phases were followed by heat treatment. A conclusion was reached about the behaviour of the ferrous and ferric ions at various temperatures. This behabviour is applied to characterize the archaeological Ancient Egyptian pottery.

  10. Moessbauer, X-ray and derivatographic studies on Egyptian Nile clay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The constituents of the clay minerals in eighteen Nile clay and two desert (calcareous) samples, were investigated. The physicochemical transformations induced in the iron containing phases were followed by heat treatment. A conclusion was reached about the behaviour of the ferrous and ferric ions at various temperatures. This behaviour is applied to characterize the archaeological Ancient Egyptian pottery. (orig.)

  11. Web Usage Mining Analysis of Federated Search Tools for Egyptian Scholars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, Khaled A.; Hassan, Ahmed

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to examine the behaviour of the Egyptian scholars while accessing electronic resources through two federated search tools. The main purpose of this article is to provide guidance for federated search tool technicians and support teams about user issues, including the need for training. Design/methodology/approach: Log…

  12. Associations between Social Potential and Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties in Egyptian Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emam, Mahmoud Mohamed

    2012-01-01

    A number of Egyptian children experience psychiatric or mental health problems owing to a variety of internal and external qualities in their social context. These problems may mask strengths, particularly their social potential represented in their prosocial behaviour (PB). Research on emotional and behavioural difficulties (EBDs) should thus…

  13. A biological and molecular characterization of some Egyptian barley genotypes which are resistant to net blotch disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saker, Mahmoud M

    2005-01-01

    A survey for resistance against net blotch disease (caused by Pyrenophora teres) was performed on some Egyptian barley landraces and some selected resistance and susceptible standard German barley genotypes. The results indicated that most of the Egyptian barley landraces are extremely resistant to the disease. Molecular analysis using RAPD and AFLP showed unique banding profiles for the different genotypes, and specific AFLP markers for the Egyptian genotypes were identified. The effectiveness of RAPD and AFLP for identifying different barley genotypes of different origins and with different reactions against P. teres was discussed. The results of the biological evaluation and molecular characterization done in this study can be seen as the starting point needed to identify the valuable net blotch resistant Egyptian barley germplasm at both the phenotype and genotype levels and draw the attention of breeders and banks of natural plant genetic resources towards this valuable yet neglected germplasm. PMID:16010292

  14. A suggested proposal to develop a knowledge-based economy in Egyptian universities in light of some international experience

    OpenAIRE

    Antar Mohammed Ahmed Abdel Aal

    2013-01-01

    The Problem of this study can be formulated in need management Egyptian universities to develop the knowledge economy, Thus the main objective of this study is to provide decision-makers in the Egyptian universities envision a proposal which would contribute to the development of knowledge-based economy. To achieve this objective descriptive approach was used.This study has many resulted in the light of these results put a number of recommendations:1. Transform the university into a center of...

  15. Intra-familial physical violence among Mexican and Egyptian youth Violência física intra-familiar entre jovens mexicanos e egípcios

    OpenAIRE

    Leonor Rivera-Rivera; Betania Allen; James F. Thrasher; Ruben Chavez; Cielo Fernandez-Ortega; Osman Galal; Eduardo C Lazcano-Ponce

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of experiencing intra-familial violence among Mexican and Egyptian youth and to describe its associated risk factors. METHODS: Data from questionnaires applied to 12,862 Mexican and 5,662 Egyptian youth, aged 10 to 19, who attended public schools were analyzed. Biviarate and logistic regression analysis were used to determine the relationship between socio-demographics, the experience of intra-familial violence and violence perpetration. RESULTS: The pre...

  16. Long-Term Trends in Population Size and Breeding Success in the Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) in Northern Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Corte?s-avizanda, Ainara; Ceballos, Olga; Dona?zar, Jose? A.

    2009-01-01

    The Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) is considered a globally endangered avian scav- enger. In the 1980s, Bardenas Reales Natural Park in northern Spain held the densest populations in Europe. There, the population of the wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), the main prey of this vulture, decreased dramatically after the arrival of the rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) in 1989, and did not recover. We monitored the population of Egyptian Vultures in ...

  17. Stock Assessment and Management of the Egyptian Sole Solea aegyptiaca Chabanaud, 1927 (Osteichthyes: Soleidae), in the Southeastern Mediterranean, Egypt

    OpenAIRE

    Mehanna, Sahar Fahmy

    2007-01-01

    Aspects of the population dynamics of the Egyptian sole, Solea aegyptiaca, which is a commercially important endemic and demersal flatfish species in the Egyptian Mediterranean waters, were described based on materials collected monthly between February 2004 and May 2005 from the fishing harbor at Port Said city. Age and growth studies based on sagittal otoliths revealed that this species is relatively fast growing with a maximum age of 4 years. Marginal increment analysis suggested that band...

  18. Essential oils from Egyptian aromatic plants as antioxidant and novel anticancer agents in human cancer cell lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramadan, M. M.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Inhibitors of tumor growth using extracts from aromatic plants are rapidly emerging as important new drug candidates for cancer therapy. The cytotoxicity and in vitro anticancer evaluation of the essential oils from thyme, juniper and clove has been assessed against five different human cancer cell lines (liver HepG2, breast MCF-7, prostate PC3, colon HCT116 and lung A549. A GC/MS analysis revealed that ?-pinene, thymol and eugenol are the major components of Egyptian juniper, thyme and clove oils with concentrations of 31.19%, 79.15% and 82.71%, respectively. Strong antioxidant profiles of all the oils are revealed in vitro by DPPH and ?-carotene bleaching assays. The results showed that clove oil was similarly potent to the reference drug, doxorubicin in prostate, colon and lung cell lines. Thyme oil was more effective than the doxorubicin in breast and lung cell lines while juniper oil was more effective than the doxorubicin in all the tested cancer cell lines except prostate cancer. In conclusion, the essential oils from Egyptian aromatic plants can be used as good candidates for novel therapeutic strategies for cancer as they possess significant anticancer activity.Los inhibidores de crecimiento de tumores usando extractos de plantas aromáticas están emergiendo con rapidez como nuevos e importantes medicamentos para el tratamiento del cáncer. La citotoxicidad y la acción anticancerígena in vitro de aceites esenciales de tomillo, enebro y clavo han sido evaluadas en cinco líneas celulares de cáncer humano (hígado HepG2, mama MCF-7, próstata PC3, colon HCT116 y pulmón A549. Los análisis de GC/MS mostraron que ?-pineno, timol y eugenol son los principales componentes de los aceites egipcios de enebro, tomillo y clavo, con concentraciones de 31,19%, 79,15% y 82,71%, respectivamente. Se demuestra, mediante ensayos in vitro de blanqueo de DPPH y ?-caroteno, el enérgico perfil antioxidante de todos los aceites. Los resultados mostraron que el aceite de clavo fue similar de potente al fármaco de referencia, doxorrubicina en las líneas celulares de próstata, colon y pulmón. El aceite de tomillo fue más efectivo que la doxorrubicina en las líneas celulares de mama y de pulmón, mientras que el aceite de enebro fue más eficaz que la doxorrubicina en todas las líneas celulares de cáncer ensayados, excepto en la de cáncer de próstata. En conclusión, los aceites esenciales de plantas aromáticas egipcias se pueden utilizar como buenos candidatos para nuevas estrategias terapéuticas para el cáncer al poseer una significativa actividad anticancerígena.

  19. The Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in Ancient Egyptian Population from Baharia Oasis, the Greco Roman Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rokia Abd ElShafy Soliman El-Banna*, , Azza Mohamed Sarry El-Din*, Fatma Ahmed Eid**, Walaa Yousef Mohamed Ali

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Vitamin D deficiency is considered to be the most common nutritional deficiency and also one of the most common undiagnosed medical conditions in the world. Vitamin D is naturally present only in minor amounts in most foods; the great majority is synthesized by the action of ultraviolet light on chemical precursors in the skin. The manifestation of vitamin D deficiency in sub adults is referred to as rickets, and in adults, osteomalacia . Rickets and osteomalacia are the sub adult and adult expressions of a disease in which the underlying problem is a failure to mineralize bone protein (osteoid. The most common cause of this disease is a physiological deficiency in vitamin D. The associated problems include deformed bones. Material and Methods: This study aimed to investigate the skeletal remains of ancient Egyptians from Baharia Oasis population for lesions indicative of vitamin D deficiency (rickets and osteomalacia. The material consisted of 1075 commingled bones (38 sub adults and1037 adults. They were recovered from Baharia oasis. Results: The results showed that, there was no evidence of rickets in sub adult group. The prevalence of osteomalacia in adult Baharia populations was 7.4% ; all were adult males. This result could indicate that this population was subjected to sunlight all over the year and their diet was rich of calcium and phosphorus. Conclusion: These few cases that were found may be due to mechanical stress during wine and textile production.

  20. Biodegradation Ability and Catabolic Genes of Petroleum-Degrading Sphingomonas koreensis Strain ASU-06 Isolated from Egyptian Oily Soil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostafa, Yasser M.; Shoreit, Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are serious pollutants and health hazards. In this study, 15 PAHs-degrading bacteria were isolated from Egyptian oily soil. Among them, one Gram-negative strain (ASU-06) was selected and biodegradation ability and initial catabolic genes of petroleum compounds were investigated. Comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain ASU-06 to published sequences in GenBank database as well as phylogenetic analysis identified ASU-06 as Sphingomonas koreensis. Strain ASU-06 degraded 100, 99, 98, and 92.7% of 100?mg/L naphthalene, phenanthrene, anthracene, and pyrene within 15 days, respectively. When these PAHs present in a mixed form, the enhancement phenomenon appeared, particularly in the degradation of pyrene, whereas the degradation rate was 98.6% within the period. This is the first report showing the degradation of different PAHs by this species. PCR experiments with specific primers for catabolic genes alkB, alkB1, nahAc, C12O, and C23O suggested that ASU-06 might possess genes for aliphatic and PAHs degradation, while PAH-RHD?GP gene was not detected. Production of biosurfactants and increasing cell-surface hydrophobicity were investigated. GC/MS analysis of intermediate metabolites of studied PAHs concluded that this strain utilized these compounds via two main pathways, and phthalate was the major constant product that appeared in each day of the degradation period. PMID:25177681

  1. Patterns of ovarian and oestrous activity and induction of cyclic activity during the post-partum period in Egyptian buffaloes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report covers three studies. In the first study, ovarian and oestrous activity were monitored in 47 buffaloes for 90 days following parturition. Failure to resume ovarian cyclicity after calving was found to be the main reason for the delay in conception. High incidence of ovulatory anoestrus (64%) constitutes also a major problem in Egyptian buffaloes. In the second study, buffaloes with inactive ovaries were treated at 90 days post-partum with either GnRH or progesterone, given either intravaginally (PRID) or orally (CAP). Both GnRH and PRID were effective in inducing ovulation but GnRH administration was followed by a high incidence of silent ovulation. Within the 35 days following treatment, about 50% of the PRID treated animals got in calf vs. 44 and 22% for GnRH and CAP treated animals, respectively. In the third study, buffaloes were treated with either 6 or 12?g GnRH at either 7 or 15 days post-partum. GnRH treatment resulted in significant reductions in the intervals from calving to first ovulation, first detected oestrus and time to first rise in serum progesterone concentration (> 1 ng/mL). (author). 26 refs, 5 figs, 4 tabs

  2. Sorption-desorption of imidacloprid onto a lacustrine Egyptian soil and its clay and humic acid fractions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandil, Mahrous M; El-Aswad, Ahmed F; Koskinen, William C

    2015-07-01

    Sorption-desorption of the insecticide imidacloprid 1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)-methyl]-N-nitro-2-imidazolidinimine onto a lacustrine sandy clay loam Egyptian soil and its clay and humic acid (HA) fractions was investigated in 24-h batch equilibrium experiments. Imidacloprid (IMDA) sorption-desorption isotherms onto the three sorbents were found to belong to a non-linear L-type and were best described by the Freundlich model. The value of the IMDA adsorption distribution coefficient, Kdads, varied according to its initial concentration and was ranged 40-84 for HA, 14-58 for clay and 1.85-4.15 for bulk soil. Freundlich sorption coefficient, Kfads, values were 63.0, 39.7 and 4.0 for HA, clay and bulk soil, respectively. The normalized soil Koc value for imidacloprid sorption was ?800 indicating its slight mobility in soils. Nonlinear sorption isotherms were indicated by 1/nads values soil. In conclusion, although the humic acid fraction showed the highest capacity and affinity for imidacloprid sorption, the clay fraction contributed to approximately 95% of soil-sorbed insecticide. Clay and humic acid fractions were found to be the major two factors controlling IMDA sorption in soils. The slight mobility of IMDA in soils and the hysteresis phenomenon associated with the irreversibility of its sorption onto, mainly, clay and organic matter of soils make its leachability unlikely to occur. PMID:25996811

  3. What Causes Thalassemias?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 25 percent chance of inheriting two altered genes (beta thalassemia major). Rate This Content: NEXT >> July 3, 2012 Thalassemias Clinical Trials Clinical trials are research studies that explore whether a medical strategy, treatment, or device is safe and effective for humans. ...

  4. Syrtis Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    (Released 6 June 2002) b>The Scienceb> This image, located near the equator and 288W (72E), is near the southern edge of a low, broad volcanic feature called Syrtis Major. A close look at this image reveals a wrinkly texture that indicates a very rough surface that is associated with the lava flows that cover this region. On a larger scale, there are numerous bright streaks that trail topographic features such as craters. These bright streaks are in the wind shadows of the craters where dust that settles onto the surface is not as easily scoured away. It is important to note that these streaks are only bright in a relative sense to the surrounding image. Syrtis Major is one of the darkest regions on Mars and it is as dark as fresh basalt flows or dunes are on Earth. b>The Storyb> Cool! It almost looks as if nature has 'painted' comets on the surface of Mars, using craters as comet cores and dust as streaky tails. Of course, that's just an illusion. As in many areas of Mars, the wind is behind the creation of such fantastic landforms. The natural phenomenon seen here gives this particular surface of Mars a very dynamic, fast-moving, almost luminous 'cosmic personality.' The bright, powdery-looking streaks of dust are in the 'wind shadows' of craters, where dust that settles onto the surface is not as easily scoured away. That's because the wind moves across the land in a particular direction, and a raised surface like the rim of a crater 'protects' dust from being completely blown away on the other side. The raised landforms basically act as a buffer. From the streaks seen above, you can tell the wind was blowing in a northeast to southwest direction. Why are the streaks so bright? Because they contrast with the really dark underlying terrain in this volcanic area of Mars. Syrtis Major is one of the darkest regions on Mars because it is made of basalt. Basalt is typically dark gray or black, and forms when a certain type of molten lava cools. The meaning of the word basalt has been traced back to an ancient Ethiopian word 'basal,' which means 'a rock from which you can obtain iron.' That must have made it a very desired material with ancient Earth civilizations long ago. Basalt is actually one of the most abundant types of rock found on Earth. Most of the volcanic islands in the ocean are made of basalt, including the large shield volcano of Mauna Loa, Hawaii, which is often compared to Martian shield volcanoes. Shield volcanoes don't have high, steep, mountain-like sides, but are instead low and broad humps upon the surface. They're created when highly fluid, molten-basalt flows spread out over wide areas. Over several millennia of basaltic layering upon layering, these volcanoes can reach massive sizes like the ones seen on Mars. You can see the wrinkly texture of dark lava flows (now hard and cool) in the above image beneath the brighter dust.

  5. The Impact of Diabetes on Serum Osteocalcin in Egyptian Children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diabetes may affect bone via bone structure, bone density, and biochemical markers of bone turnover. Lack of diagnosis and treatment of alterations of the bone tissue metabolism in type1diabetes (T1D) may lead to osteoporosis.T1D most often starts before achieving peak bone mass.Recent studies have revealed that, in T1D fracture risk is increased more than expected from the degree of decrease in bone mineral density (BMD).Osteocalcin (OC) is considered a useful biochemical marker of bone formation. As in T1D, there is absolute insulin deficiency but insulin sensitivity remains generally intact. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the association between OC levels in relation the degree of residual ?-cell function and other metabolic parameters in T1D In the present study, the impact of diabetes on serum OC in Egyptian children and adolescents was evaluated by comparing serum level of OC in T1D (30 subjects) and age-matched non-diabetic control (15 subjects). The present study showed that, patients with T1D had lower OC serum levels compared to the controls (7.67 ± 3.55, 21.82 ± 4.96 ?g/ml respectively, p < 0.001) with a lower OC levels in diabetic females than in diabetic males (5.92 ± 3.12, 8.74 ± 2.84 ?g/ml respectively, p < 0.001) and lower OC levels in pre-pubertal than pubertal diabetic patients in both genders with p < 0.05. Serum OC levels in T1D correlated with HbAIc (p < 0.001), BMI (p < 0.05), dutal daily insulin dose (p < 0.05)and did not correlate with C-peptide levels . It may be concluded that serum OC levels in patients with T1D are regulated by a variety of developmental and metabolic pathways. Since OC levels correlated with exogenous insulin(daily insulin dose) and did not correlate with endogenous insulin (C-peptide levels), therefore, it is presumed that OC was regulated by insulin-mediated events, in presence of aggressive autoimmune destruction of pancreatic cell. These results proposed that the decrease in serum levels of OC can be considered one of the important causes of degraded bone metabolism in children and adolescents suffering from TID and OC levels related to metabolic control of diabetes. From this study, it could be concluded that patients with T1D have low levels of OC and may be exposed at adolescence to the risk of osteopenia. Thus, it is recommended that early efficient metabolic control and efficient treatment are important to prevent osteoporosis in later life. Researches in the future may be done to know if it is possible to give OC to diabetic children as supplemented treatment to prevent osteopenia later in life. Keywords diabetes, Serum osteocalin, Body mass index, HbIAc, C-peptide.

  6. Chemical, Nutritional and Microbiological Evaluation of Some Egyptian Soft Cheeses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    *Ghada, Z. A. A., 2*Alia, M. H., 3**Soha, Al-S., 4*Magdy, N. A., and 5*Mohammed, F. S

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Milk and dairy products is considered the most complete foodstuff that provide human either infants or adults with most of their vital needs. Milk and cheese have high nutritive value due to its high content of protein, fat, minerals especially calcium (Ca2+ & phosphorous, and vitamins. Two hundred samples produced and sold in Egypt during 2001-2003 were collected from allover the country. The cheese samples were subjected to microbiological and chemical analysis. Samples were microbiologically tested for total aerobic bacterial count (TABC, Colifrm, Escherichia coli (E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, mould and yeast, salmonella and shigella, and listeria species. Protein, fat, carbohydrates, moisture, ash, lactose, Calcium (Ca, phosphorous (P and Ca/P were evaluated. The analysis showed that total aerobic bacterial count did not exceed 1.4X105±1.7X105 cells/gm, which is close to what allowed by the Standard Egyptian Guidelines (2001 and 47.5 % of the tested cheese are free from coliform bacteria and Escherichia coli. Ninety-eight and half percent, 97 %, 97 % and 91.5 % of the tested cheese (kareish, feta, thalaga, double cream respectively, either made in plant or home or farmers' cheese sample have zero Staphylococcus aureus count or mould and yeast; or salmonella and shigella, or listeria species respectively, i. e. free from them. Double cream cheese has the lowest protein content (7.79±0.78 gm% while kareish cheese has the highest protein content (19.99±1.32 gm%, but for fat content the opposite is true, double cream cheese have the highest fat content (24.56±1.78 gm% while kareish cheese have the lowest fat content (3.87±0.97 gm %. Feta cheese has high ash content while kareish cheese has the highest moisture content with the lowest ash content (68.97±1.86 & 1.81±0.47 gm% respectively. Lactose content varies widely from 1.50±0.26 (double cream cheese to 3.25±0.50 (feta cheese. Kareish cheese has higher content of calcium and phosphorous (641.1±49.21 mg%, 431.18±37.21 mg% respectively than the remaining types of cheese. Calcium & phosphorous content of kareish cheese is almost the double content of the double cream cheese. Feta cheese has higher Ca/P (1.65±0.19 while thalaga and double cream has lower Ca/P (1.34±0.13 & 1.37±0.20. Each 100 gm of soft cheese can provide children (1-8 y & adult (9-50 y from 39.78% & 24.48 % to128.22 % & 64.11% of their Ca Dietary Reference Intake and this from double cream cheese and kareish cheese respectively.

  7. Non-destructive analysis of ancient Egyptian vitreous materials by neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chemical compositions of ancient Egyptian glass are one of the key information for identifying the location of the original material for production. The ordinary chemical analysis is however restricted because variable remains can not be destroyed. Thus sensitive analytical method in non-destructive manner is required. The neutron activation analysis was used in this research and the content of Ca, Cl, Al and Mn were found in ancient Egyptian glass and peak area of them were compared with those in the sand samples taken from several areas around Egypt because sand was thought as the raw material of such glasses. As a result, we found three different patterns in chemical compositions in the surrounding sand samples and we expect this pattern might be a good indicator of location of raw sand material. (author)

  8. Assessment of radiation hazards due to natural radioactivity in some building materials used in Egyptian dwellings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Different types of Egyptian building materials from various locations in Cairo and its suburbs have been analysed for natural radioactivity using gamma ray spectrometry. Concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K were in the ranges of (12 ± 2.8-65 ± 6.5), (5 ± 1.8-60 ± 6.7) and (159 ± 3.8-920 ± 12.7 Bq kg-1), respectively. The minimum concentration of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K was found in gravel samples, whereas the maximum in granite samples. The results are compared with the published data of other countries and with the world average limits. The radiological hazard parameters: radium equivalent activity, gamma index, alpha index, absorbed dose rate and the annual exposure rate, were determined to assess the radiation hazards associated with Egyptian buildings. All studied samples are lower than world average limits. (authors)

  9. Prevalence of bone marrow necrosis in Egyptian cancer patients referring to the National Cancer Institute

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bone marrow necrosis; Egyptian cancer patients Abstract Background: Bone marrow necrosis is a relatively rare entity which has been associated with a poor prognosis. It is most commonly found in patients with neoplastic disorders and severe infections. Methods: study comprised examination of 5043 bone marrow biopsy specimens performed at the National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, over 7 years period (March 2004-March 2011). It included 5 years retrospective (2867 archived samples) and 2 years prospective (2176 samples). Results: Bone marrow necrosis was diagnosed in fifteen out of 5043 examined specimens with a percentage of 0.3% and ranged from mild to massive according to semiquantitative estimation. Prognosis of all patients was poor with survival not exceeding 6 months from the date of marrow necrosis diagnosis. Conclusion: In Egyptian patients, bone marrow necrosis in association with malignancy is a rare disorder which is accompanied by a poor outcome

  10. General description and production lines of the Egyptian fuel manufacturing pilot plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Egyptian Fuel Manufacturing Pilot Plant, FMPP, is a new facility, producing an MTR-type fuel elements required for the Egyptian Second Research Reactor, ETRR-2, as well as other plates or elements for an external clients with the same type and enrichment percent or lower, (LEU). General description is presented. The production lines in FMPP, which begin from uranium hexaflouride (UF6, 19.7±0.2 % U235 by wt), aluminum powder, and nuclear grade 6061 aluminium alloy in sheets, bars, and rods with the different heat treatments and dimensions as a raw materials, are processed through a series of the manufacturing, inspection, and quality control plan to produce the final specified MTR-type fuel elements. All these processes and the product control in each step are presented. The specifications of the final product are presented. (author)

  11. Behaviour of some acid-base indicators in some Egyptian aquatic environments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The dissociation constants of some selected acid-base indicators (methyl red, bromothymol blue, bromo cresol green) were evaluated in some Egyptian aquatic environments. The studied regions included marine (seven sites along the Egyptian Mediterranean coast from Abu-Qir east of Alexandria to the region of 21 km west of Alexandria), lakes (Mariut, Edku, and Burullus) and the drainage system around Alexandria (El-Kalaa, El-Umum, Barsiek and El-Khairy Drains and El-Noubaria Draining canal). Two samples were collected from the fishing ponds El-Nozha Hydrodrome and El-Mex. Some physical and chemical characteristics of the aquatic systems were determined and discussed. The behavior of the indicators is correlated with their structure and the status of the environment. (Author)

  12. A rapid instrumental neutron activation method for multielement content of some Egyptian phosphate minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An instrumental neutron activation analysis technique has been applied to some Egyptian phosphate minerals. The following 24 elements have been quantitatively determined. Sc, Cr, Fe, Co, As, Sr, Zr, Nb, Ag, Sn, Te, Ba, La, Ce, Nd, Eu, Tb, Ho, Yb, Lu, Hf, Ta, Ir and U. The observed distribution and abundance of some of the above elements could help in the proper evaluation of conditions of deposition and origin of their phosphate minerals

  13. MEASURING STAFF MEMBERS E READINESS TOWARDS E LEARNING AT EGYPTIAN FACULTIES OF TOURISM AND HOTELS

    OpenAIRE

    Elsayed Hussein Elsayed Ali

    2010-01-01

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has made life much different than it was before especially in Education. E learning is becoming increasingly prominent in higher education, with universities increasing provision and more students signing up. E learning in the university context is influenced by a number of factors. However, the researcher particular interest in this paper in the e readiness of the staff memberfor e learning at the Egyptian faculties of tourism and hotels in Fayo...

  14. First insights into the metagenome of Egyptian mummies using next-generation sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khairat, Rabab; Ball, Markus; Chang, Chun-Chi Hsieh; Bianucci, Raffaella; Nerlich, Andreas G; Trautmann, Martin; Ismail, Somaia; Shanab, Gamila M L; Karim, Amr M; Gad, Yehia Z; Pusch, Carsten M

    2013-08-01

    We applied, for the first time, next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology on Egyptian mummies. Seven NGS datasets obtained from five randomly selected Third Intermediate to Graeco-Roman Egyptian mummies (806 BC-124AD) and two unearthed pre-contact Bolivian lowland skeletons were generated and characterised. The datasets were contrasted to three recently published NGS datasets obtained from cold-climate regions, i.e. the Saqqaq, the Denisova hominid and the Alpine Iceman. Analysis was done using one million reads of each newly generated or published dataset. Blastn and megablast results were analysed using MEGAN software. Distinct NGS results were replicated by specific and sensitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocols in ancient DNA dedicated laboratories. Here, we provide unambiguous identification of authentic DNA in Egyptian mummies. The NGS datasets showed variable contents of endogenous DNA harboured in tissues. Three of five mummies displayed a human DNA proportion comparable to the human read count of the Saqqaq permafrost-preserved specimen. Furthermore, a metagenomic signature unique to mummies was displayed. By applying a "bacterial fingerprint", discrimination among mummies and other remains from warm areas outside Egypt was possible. Due to the absence of an adequate environment monitoring, a bacterial bloom was identified when analysing different biopsies from the same mummies taken after a lapse of time of 1.5 years. Plant kingdom representation in all mummy datasets was unique and could be partially associated with their use in embalming materials. Finally, NGS data showed the presence of Plasmodium falciparum and Toxoplasma gondii DNA sequences, indicating malaria and toxoplasmosis in these mummies. We demonstrate that endogenous ancient DNA can be extracted from mummies and serve as a proper template for the NGS technique, thus, opening new pathways of investigation for future genome sequencing of ancient Egyptian individuals. PMID:23553074

  15. Practices of Rural Egyptian Birth Attendants During the Antenatal, Intrapartum and Early Neonatal Periods

    OpenAIRE

    Darmstadt, Gary L; Hussein, Mohamed Hassan; Winch, Peter J; Haws, Rachel A; Gipson, Reginald; Santosham, Mathuram

    2008-01-01

    Neonatal deaths account for almost two-thirds of infant mortality worldwide; most deaths are preventable. Two-thirds of neonatal deaths occur during the first week of life, usually at home. While previous Egyptian studies have identified provider practices contributing to maternal mortality, none has focused on neonatal care. A survey of reported practices of birth attendants was administered. Chi-square tests were used for measuring the statistical significance of inter-regional differences....

  16. In-vitro evaluation of selected Egyptian traditional herbal medicines for treatment of alzheimer disease

    OpenAIRE

    Ali, Shereen K.; Hamed, Ahmed R.; Soltan, Maha M.; Hegazy, Usama M.; Elgorashi, E. E.; El-garf, Ibrahim A.; Hussein, Ahmed A.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Egyptians recognized the healing power of herbs and used them in their medicinal formulations. Nowadays, “Attarin” drug shops and the public use mainly the Unani medicinal system for treatment of their health problems including improvement of memory and old age related diseases. Numerous medicinal plants have been described in old literature of Arabic traditional medicine for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) (or to strengthen memory). METHODS: In this stu...

  17. Pharmacokinetics of Vancomycin in Oncology Egyptian Paediatrics: A Dosage Adjustment Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmoud, M. A.; Ebid, A. H. I. M.; Shouman, Samia A.; Ebid, Emad N.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of vancomycin in Egyptian paediatric oncology patients and to evaluate the factors that influence the variability of the pharmacokinetic parameters in this population. Vancomycin serum concentration at steady state was determined in 51 paediatric cancer patients who were treated with vancomycin multiple intravenous infusions. Also individual vancomycin pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated assuming one compartment m...

  18. The Effects of Job Crafting on Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Evidence from Egyptian Medical Centers

    OpenAIRE

    Amir Shusha

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the impact of job crafting on organizational citizenship behavior. On the basis of the literature of job crafting and organizational citizenship behavior, the study hypothesized that employees with a job crafting would be most likely to exercise organizational citizenship behavior. Data were collected among 396 nurses and their physician supervisors, who work in nine Egyptian Medical Centers. The results of multiple regression analyses offered a strong support for the pr...

  19. Characterization and Identification of Multidrug Resistant Bacteria from Some Egyptian Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Seham Abdel-Shafi; Ouda, Sahar M.; Ibrahim Elbalat; Gamal Enan

    2013-01-01

    The isolation of multidrug resistant bacteria from Egyptian patients showed a great interest to study such phenomenon. Hence, simple methods were followed herein to isolate and characterize the antibiotic resistant variants by the common phenotypic, morphological and biochemical characters. Out of 500 clinical bacterial cultures, 50 only were multidrug resistant bacteria with a value of drug resistance ability of about 10%. About 46% of multidrug resistant ...

  20. Return Anomalies “Disposition Effect and Momentum”: Evidence from the Egyptian Stock Market

    OpenAIRE

    Sakr, Ahmed M.; Ragheb, Mohamed A.; Ragab, Aiman A.; Abdou, Rabab K.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The persistence of momentum in stock returns across both developed and emerging markets and the challenges that it poses against the Efficient Market Hypothesis created a need to explain its existence. Grinblatt and Han (2005) formulated a model to explain momentum using a well documented behavioral bias which is the Disposition effect. The focus of this paper is to analyze whether disposition effect drives momentum in the Egyptian stock market as one of the growing emerging markets ...

  1. Near Eastern Neolithic Genetic Input in a Small Oasis of the Egyptian Western Desert.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kujanová, Martina; Pereira, L.; Fernandes, V.; Pereira, J. B.; ?erný, Viktor

    2009-01-01

    Ro?. 140, ?. 2 (2009), s. 336-346. ISSN 0002-9483 R&D Projects: GA ?R GA206/08/1587 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80020508 Keywords : Egyptian Western Desert * complete mtDNA sequences * T haplogroup * Neolithic Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology Impact factor: 2.756, year: 2009 http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122377292/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0

  2. Oxalate Content of Egyptian Grown Fruits and Vegetables and Daily Common Herbs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aly R. Abdel-Moemin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Egyptian dieticians typically rely on foreign databases to find out oxalate content of food due to unavailability of local databases. The soil, fertilizers, climate and cultivars are often very different. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to establish a local database of oxalate content in Egyptian grown fruits and vegetables and selected daily common herbs. The current study analysed the total and the soluble oxalate in 37 Egyptian grown fruits, vegetables and 9 commonly used herbs. Two methods were used for screening the Egyptian foods for oxalate concentration; the first method was AOAC 1999 and the second was enzymatic method. Total oxalate varied greatly among the vegetables examined, ranging from 4 to 917 mg/100 g F.W. Total oxalate of analysed fruits ranged from 9 to 50 mg/100 g F. W. There is a strong correlation found between the two methods used. Vegetables were classified into 4 categories; low oxalate concentration containing less than 10 mg of oxalic acid /100 g F.W., such as cabbage, courgette, cucumbers, garlic, spring onions and turnip. Moderate oxalate concentration vegetables containing 10-25 mg/100 g F. W., such as aubergine, field bean, corn, peppers and watercress. High oxalate concentration vegetables containing 26-99 mg/100g F.W., such as f?l, green beans, celery, mallow, okra and sweet potatoes. Very high oxalate concentration containing 100-900 mg/100g F.W. such as Swiss chard, molokhia, purslane and vine leaves (fresh. Extensive amounts of total oxalate (201-4014 mg/100 g D.W. were found in daily common herbs such as caraway seed, green cardamom, cinnamon, coriander seeds, cumin, curry powder, ginger and turmeric powder.

  3. The 2014 Egyptian constitution: balancing leadership with civil rights (al-madaniyya)

    OpenAIRE

    Polimeno, Maria Gloria

    2015-01-01

    In 2013, in the aftermath of the military coup d'état, many ‘Islamized’ articles have been banned from the 2012 Egyptian constitution and almost one hundred firmly inclined towards the respect of human rights and the absolutim on freedom of belief have been added. This latter issue did cause pragmatisms on the freedom of worship and on the nature of the new leadership, which remains intrinsically unstated in the 2014 text. Essential questions concerning the conceptualization of citizensh...

  4. Key Habitats for Egyptian Mongooses in Donana National Park, South-Western Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Palomares, Francisco; Delibes, M.

    1993-01-01

    1. The habitat use by Egyptian mongooses during nocturnal and diurnal resting, foraging and walking was studied by radio-tracking between September 1987 and September 1989 in south-western Spain. 2. Mongooses always avoided open areas, and preferred those with dense vegetation during both nocturnal and diurnal resting, and when active. Vegetation types with low density of understorey and ground cover were used less than expected on the basis of availability. No significant monthly variation w...

  5. Transcriptional profiling of transferrin gene from Egyptian cotton leaf worm, Spodoptera littoralis

    OpenAIRE

    Gu?z, Nurper; Dag?eri?, Asl?; Erdog?an, Tug?ba; Mousavi, Mouzhgan; Bayram, S?erife; Gu?rkan, Mehmet Oktay

    2013-01-01

    Iron is an essential nutrient for almost all organisms, but it is also a potent toxin because it can catalyze oxidative reactions that are destructive to cells. Transferrin is an essential protein involved in iron metabolism, immunity, and vitellogenesis in insects. We have characterized a cDNA encoding a putative iron-binding transferrin (SpliTrf) in Egyptian cotton leaf worm, Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), an important pest that causes extensive losses in many vegetable, fo...

  6. Prevalence of occult hepatitis C in egyptian patients with non alcoholic fatty liver disease

    OpenAIRE

    Yasmin Saad; Soheir Zakaria; Iman Ramzy; Maissa El Raziky; Olfat Shaker; Wafaa elakel; Mohamed Said; Mona Noseir; Mai El-Daly; Mohamed Abdel Hamid; Gamal Esmat

    2011-01-01

    This study aim is to assess the prevalence of occult HCV infection among Egyptian patients with non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with elevated AST and ALT, and to correlate presence of occult HCV with severity of liver disease. Patients and Methods: After informed consent 27 patients with elevateed liver enzymes diagnosed as NAFLD were examined for demographic, clinical, laboratory data and Ultrasonography. Liver biopsy was done and tested for HCV RNA in tissue. Genotyping using RFLP...

  7. Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex DNAs from Egyptian Mummies by Spoligotyping

    OpenAIRE

    Zink, Albert R.; Sola, Christophe; Reischl, Udo; Grabner, Waltraud; Rastogi, Nalin; Wolf, Hans; NERLICH, ANDREAS G.

    2003-01-01

    Bone and soft tissue samples from 85 ancient Egyptian mummies were analyzed for the presence of ancient Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA (aDNA) and further characterized by spoligotyping. The specimens were obtained from individuals from different tomb complexes in Thebes West, Upper Egypt, which were used for upper social class burials between the Middle Kingdom (since ca. 2050 BC) and the Late Period (until ca. 500 BC). A total of 25 samples provided a specific positive signal for the...

  8. The Natural History of the Egyptian Fruit Bat, Rousettus aegyptiacus, in Turkey (Mammalia: Chiroptera)

    OpenAIRE

    ALBAYRAK, ?rfan; A?AN, Nursel; Yorulmaz, Tarkan

    2008-01-01

    Aspects of the ecology, karyology, and taxonomic status of the Egyptian fruit bat, Rousettus aegyptiacus, in the Mediterranean region of Turkey were investigated based on 41 specimens obtained between 1977 and 2003. Distribution, external and cranial morphometrics, pelage coloration, baculum morphology, karyology, colony size, roosting and feeding ecology, and conservation and management issues were recorded. The fruit bat in Turkey is represented by the nominate subspecies, R. a. aegyptiacus...

  9. The cost–benefit of biosecurity measures on infectious diseases in the Egyptian household poultry

    OpenAIRE

    Fasina, Folorunso Oludayo; Ali, A. M.; Yilma, J. M.; Thieme, O.; Ankers, P.

    2012-01-01

    Increased animal intensification presents with increasing risks of animal diseases. The Egyptian household poultry is peculiar in its management style and housing and this present with particular challenges of risk of infection to both the flock and humans. Biosecurity remains one of the most important means of reducing risks of infection in the household poultry, however not much information is available to support its feasibility at the household level of production. In this ...

  10. General performance and utilization plan of the Egyptian Second Research Reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Egyptian Second Research Reactor, ETRR-2, is a Multi-Purpose Reactor for material tests, radioisotopes production, neutron physics research, etc.. The reactor is an open pool type of 22 MWth light water cooled and moderated, with an average flux of 2x1014 n/cm2·s. Various experimental facilities are installed in the reactor to meet the requirements of the utilization group. Description of the reactor Performance and proposed utilization plan is presented. (author)

  11. Isolation and characterization of 11 tetranucleotide microsatellite loci in the Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon)

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Mónica; Fernandes, Carlos A.; Palomares, Francisco; Amorim, Isabel R.; Brudford, Michael W.; Santos-Reis, Margarida

    2009-01-01

    We report the isolation of 11 polymorphic tetranucleotide microsatellite loci in the Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon). In a sample of 27 individuals, we observed between 4 and 7 alleles per locus and their observed and expected heterozygosities ranged from 0.37 to 0.85 and from 0.44 to 0.79, respectively. All genotypic frequencies conformed to Hardy– Weinberg equilibrium expectations and there were no instances of linkage disequilibrium detected between pairs of loci.

  12. Screening of Dystrophin Gene Deletions in Egyptian Patients with DMD/BMD Muscular Dystrophies

    OpenAIRE

    Effat, Laila K.; El-harouni, Ashraf A.; Amr, Khalda S.; El-minisi, Tarik I.; Nagwa Abdel Meguid; Mostafa El-Awady

    2000-01-01

    Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) are allelic disorders caused by mutations within the dystrophin gene. Our study has identified 100 Egyptian families collected from the Human Genetics Clinic, National Research Center, Cairo. All cases were subjected to complete clinical evaluation pedigree analysis, electromyography studies, estimation of serum creatine phosphokinase enzyme (CPK) levels and DNA analysis. Multiplex PCR using 18 pairs of specific primers wer...

  13. Characterization of Ancient Egyptian Wall Paintings, the Excavations of Cairo University at Saqqara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hussein MAREY MAHMOUD

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims at characterizing some Egyptian wall paintings discovered during the excavations of Cairo University (since 1988 and recently in 2005 at Saqqara area in the south of Cairo. There, a number of tombs dating back to the 19th dynasty (c.1293–1185 BC were discovered. The walls of these tombs are carved with bass and raised reliefs and painted with different colours. The characterization of the wall paintings was done by means of optical microscopy (OM, scanning electron microscopy (backscattered electron mode, BSE equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray detector (EDS, micro XRF spectrometry (µ-XRF, and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD. The analysis of the examined samples indicated that the blue pigment is Egyptian blue (Cuprorivaite, the green pigment is Egyptian green, the red pigment is red ochre, and the yellow pigment is a blended layer of yellow ochre and orpiment (As2S3. The results will help in providing an image concerning some painting materials used during the new Kingdom in ancient Egypt

  14. [Ebers Papyrus. The book of medical knowledge of the 16th century B.C. Egyptians].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallmann-Miko?ajczak, Aleksandra

    2004-01-01

    In 2nd century B.C. Clemens Alexanrinus was sure, that the Egyptians collected all their knowledge in 42 secret books. of which last six contained medical knowledge. Despite this and records of other ancient authors, for long time the opinion about the history of medicine was not changed. In traditional view the role of Hippocrates and the Greeks was emphasized. In 19th century egyptologist began finding Egyptian papyri, whose contents concerned medical matters. The first medical papyrus was published by Georg Ebers in 1875. The Ebers Papyrus is a scroll 20,23 meters in length and contains 108 columns of text. I is dated at the reign of Amenophis I (1536 B.C.). This papyrus was published and translated by different researches (the most valuable is German edition Grundriss de Medizin de alten ägypter, and based on this Paul Ghalioungui edition). In the opinion of Grundriss, chaotic arrangement of medical advices in papyrus suggest different originals from which they drew. The text of The Ebers Papyrus is ordered in series of prescriptions, which are grouped according to different diseases, illnesses and injuries. ALmost all of those groups have introduction by the formula: "Here begins.." used on 36 occasions. They are, however, often varied and disorganised. The owner of this papyrus was probably a physician - the text mentions about "physician secrets". Herodotus writes, that Egyptian physicians were specialized, which seems to be confirmed by The Ebers Papyrus. PMID:15586450

  15. Prune belly syndrome in an Egyptian infant with Down syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metwalley Kotb A

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly of uncertain aetiology almost exclusive to males. The association between prune belly syndrome and Down syndrome is very rare. Case presentation A 4-month-old Egyptian boy was admitted to our institute for management of acute bronchiolitis. He was born at full term by normal vaginal delivery. His mother, a 42-year-Egyptian villager with six other children, had no antenatal or prenatal care. On examination, the boy was found to be hypotonic. In addition to features of Down syndrome, karyotyping confirmed the diagnosis of trisomy 21. Ultrasound examination of the abdomen showed bilateral gross hydronephrosis with megaureter. Micturating cystourethrography showed grade V vesicoureteric reflux bilaterally with no urethral obstruction. Serum creatinine concentration was 90 ?mol/litre, serum sodium was 132 mmol/litre and serum potassium was 5.9 mmol/litre. Conclusion We report an Egyptian infant with Down syndrome and prune belly syndrome. The incidence of this association is unknown. Routine antenatal ultrasonography will help in discovering renal anomalies which can be followed postnatally. Postnatal detection of prune belly syndrome necessitates full radiological investigation to detect any renal anomalies. Early diagnosis of this syndrome and determining its optimal treatment are very important in helping to avoid its fatal course.

  16. Differences in Molecular Pathologic Characteristics of PancreaticAdenocarcinoma between Egyptian andMoroccan Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoda Gad Omer

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:Pancreatic cancer has not been well studied, especially in developingcountries. Materials and Methods:We studied the variations in genetic mutations inpancreatic adenocarcinoma between Moroccan and Egyptian populations. Themolecular pathology of 30 tumors from a large hospital in Casablanca, Morocco wereexamined and compared with the findings of 44 tumors from the Gharbiah Governatein Egypt. K-ras mutations in codons12 and 13 in addition to p53 mutations in exons5-8 were evaluated. Results:Overall, differences in the rates of K-ras mutations were not statisticallysignificant (48.00 and 34.09%, respectively; however differences in rates of p53mutations were statistically significant with p53 mutations more common in Moroccantumors than in Egyptian tumors (46.67 and 16.28%, respectively. G?Tmutations ofthe K-ras gene were most commonly seen Egyptian tumors, whereas G?Amutationswere the most common type of mutations in Moroccan tumors. Logistic regressionanalysis showed that a p53 mutation in any exon as well as a p53 mutation in exon 5predicted the country of residence and those mutations occurred more frequently inMoroccan patients. Conclusion:Our study shows that differences exist within the Arab population inthe molecular pathology of both the K-ras and p53 genes. Further studies are necessaryto clarify the differences in molecular pathways of pancreatic cancer in the Middle Eastand to investigate the role of environmental and/or genetic factors related to thosepathways.

  17. Explanations of sleep paralysis among Egyptian college students and the general population in Egypt and Denmark.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalal, Baland; Simons-Rudolph, Joseph; Jalal, Bamo; Hinton, Devon E

    2014-04-01

    This cross-cultural study compared explanations of sleep paralysis (SP) in two countries and two groups with different levels of education in one country. Comparisons were made between individuals having experienced SP at least once in a lifetime from Cairo, Egypt (n?=?89), Copenhagen, Denmark (n?=?59), and the American University in Cairo, Egypt (n?=?44). As hypothesized, participants from the general Egyptian population were more likely to endorse supernatural causal explanation of their SP compared to participants from Denmark; participants from the American University in Cairo were less likely to endorse supernatural causes of their SP compared to participants from the general Egyptian population. Moreover, participants from the American University in Cairo were marginally significantly more likely to endorse supernatural causes of their SP compared to participants from Denmark. Additionally, we explored which culturally bound explanations and beliefs about SP existed in Egypt and Denmark. We found that nearly half (48%) of the participants from the general Egyptian population believed their SP to be caused by the Jinn, a spirit-like creature with roots in Islamic tradition, which constitutes a culturally bound interpretation of the phenomenology of SP in this region of the world. Case studies are presented to illustrate these findings. PMID:24084761

  18. Epstein-Barr virus and breast cancer: Epidemiological and Molecular study on Egyptian and Iraqi women

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background and purpose: The role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in breast carcinogenesis is still controversial. Unraveling this relationship is potentially important for better understanding of breast cancer etiology, early detection and possibly prevention of breast cancer. The aim of the current study is to unravel the association between EBV and primary invasive breast cancer (PIBC) in two different Arab populations (Egyptian and Iraqi women). Patients and Methods: The study was done on paraffin-embedded tissues of 40 Egyptian and 50 Iraqi patients with PIBC in addition to 20 normal breast tissues as controls for each group. Both controls and neoplastic tissues were assessed for the expression of EBV genes and proteins (EBNA-1, LMP-1, and EBER) as well as CD21 marker by immunohistochemistry (IHC), in situ hybridization (ISH) and PCR techniques. Results: Our gold standard for EBV reactivity in breast cancer cases was positivity of both EBNA1 by PCR and EBER by in situ hybridization. EBV was detected in 18/40 (45%) and 14/50 (28%) of Egyptian and Iraqi women; respectively where p = 0.073, compared to 0/20 (0%) of their control groups (p < 0.05). Regarding the association between EBV positivity and tumor grade, there was not any statistical significant difference between EBV presence and tumor grade in both populations

  19. Role of the Egyptian National Seismological Network to mitigate the seismic hazard in Egypt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, A.-A.

    2012-04-01

    Egypt is located close to one of the continental fracture system (Hellenic arc) at the convergence boundary of two big lithospheric plates (Eurasia and Africa). Also, Egypt is affected by the open of the Red Sea (Mid Oceanic System) and its two branches (the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba-Dead Sea transform system). Thus the seismicity is due to the interaction between the three plates of Eurasia, Africa and Arabian plates. Thus it could be concluded that although the damaging earthquakes occurred infrequently, its risky consequences could not be ignored. Egypt witnessed a numerous of damaged event, for instance, 1992 Cairo earthquake with magnitude (5.9 mb) caught the Egyptian people. This earthquake caused 600 deaths, 10000 injured and left a damage of more than 40 million US. As a result of this damage. As well as 1995 Gulf of Aqaba earthquake with Mw 7.2. The Egyptian Government supports the National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics (NRIAG) to install the Egyptian National Seismic Network ENSN and the strong motion network. The main objectives of the network are: Monitoring local and regional activity including artificial events, assessment seismic hazard, estimating the expected future earthquake effects and protecting strategic buildings, high dam and archeological sites.

  20. Comparative Study Between The IAEA Model Regulations and The Egyptian Nuclear Law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study deals with the security of radioactive sources due to its great importance, in order to provide the adequate security of these sources from the threat of theft, sabotage, illegal seizure through doing a comparison between the model regulations of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (11) and the Egyptian law (No. 7/2010) that regulates nuclear and radiation activities and its executive regulations. The Egyptian legislator has put a chapter entitled nuclear securitywith the aim of organizing the security of nuclear materials. However, there was a review to some regulatory rules issued by the IAEA on the security of these sources which include the responsibilities of the licensee towards it. This chapter also, addressed the security culture through rehabilitation and training, in addition to the obligations of the competent authorities who is responsible for the process of issuing the license when full requirements are met. It has been shown that the Egyptian law and its executive regulations contained the rule that provides the necessary protection for these radioactive sources. Furthermore, more regulations are still needed to provide adequate security and more protection for the radioactive sources and its facilities