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1

The Disadvantaged: Challenge to Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The major thesis of this new approach to pedagogy is that through an understanding of the problems of disadvantaged children the educational problems of all children will be better understood. The functionalism of John Dewey has been brought up to date in this book through the propositions that curriculum should move from the remote to the…

Fantini, Mario D.; Weinstein, Gerald

2

Teacher Education and the Targeting of Disadvantage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper outlines the Exceptional Teachers for Disadvantaged Schools (ETDS project which began in June 2010 with the aim of developing and documenting an Australian university-based teacher education program specifically focusing on the preparation of high quality teachers for the disadvantaged school sector. ETDS constitutes a novel model of teacher education targeting disadvantaged schooling in that the selection of participating pre-service teachers has been based on their proven academic performance over the first 2 years of their 4-year Bachelor of Education degree. ETDS has established a modified curriculum that better supports the on-campus training of this cohort while also targeting the role of field experience within partner disadvantaged school settings. This paper offers a rationale for the model, unpacks its various phases and provides a justification of the model’s selection criteria based on high academic achievement.

Bruce Burnett

2011-12-01

3

Disadvantaged Learners and VET to Higher Education Transitions. Occasional Paper  

Science.gov (United States)

The vocational education and training (VET) system can provide an entry point to the education sector for people who have experienced disadvantage in their lives. Participation in VET can provide personal benefits as well as lead to further study and/or employment. How disadvantaged learners participate in vocational education and training is an…

Griffin, Tabatha

2014-01-01

4

Combating Educational Disadvantage through Early Years and Primary School Investment  

Science.gov (United States)

In 1965, following a review of second-level education in Ireland, the report "Investment in Education" was published. While a concern with educational inequality and disadvantage pre-dates this report, it clearly identified the significant socio-economic disparities in educational participation at the time and emphasised an urgent need…

Frawley, Denise

2014-01-01

5

The Early Childhood Education of Disadvantaged Children in China  

Science.gov (United States)

Since 2010, the Chinese government has adopted a series of services and policies to provide early childhood education for disadvantaged children. The rapid economic development and urbanisation process since the mid-1980s have led to great changes in social structure and demographics in China. This creates new challenges for the education of…

Song, Zhanmei; Zhu, Jiaxiong; Xia, Zhuyun; Wu, Xin

2014-01-01

6

Promotion of Primary Education for Girls and Disadvantaged Groups.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents the results of a meeting of education officials from Bangladesh, China, India, Japan, Nepal, Pakistan, and Thailand to discuss the promotion of primary education for girls and other disadvantaged groups in developing Asian countries. Chapter 1 serves as an introduction, discussing the goals and results of the meeting. Chapter…

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Principal Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.

7

Educational Disadvantage and Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy  

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This study examined the influence of education on smoking status in a cohort (n = 316) of pregnant women who were smokers at the time they learned of the current pregnancy. Subjects were participants in clinical trials examining the efficacy of monetary-based incentives for smoking cessation and relapse prevention. In multivariate analyses, educational achievement was a robust predictor of smoking status upon entering prenatal care, of achieving abstinence antepartum among those still smoking...

Higgins, Stephen T.; Heil, Sarah H.; Badger, Gary J.; Skelly, Joan M.; Solomon, Laura J.; Bernstein, Ira M.

2009-01-01

8

Hidden Educators and the Seduction of College Students: Higher Education's Competitive Disadvantage. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper suggests that undergraduate higher education is at a severe competitive disadvantage vis-a-vis other socializing and educating agencies in society and proposes some strategies to compensate for this disadvantage. First, the paper notes difficulties with mandated assessment as a major means of educational improvement. It then identifies…

Bess, James L.

9

Disadvantaging the disadvantaged: When public health policies and practices negatively affect marginalized populations.  

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Public health is intimately related to social justice, which is why practice and research in the field seek to improve the social determinants of health. Despite the best intentions of those working in public health, however, some policies and practices inadvertently further disadvantage pre-existing marginalized populations. In this paper, we provide a diagnosis of possible reasons why this phenomenon might occur. We posit that the challenges associated with further marginalizing certain populations stem from a) not acknowledging the normative aspects of apparently objective data, b) a misunderstanding and an uncritical alignment of public health goals with the ethics theory of utilitarianism, and c) assuming that those working in public health might be able to fully understand the experiences of marginalized populations. It is our view that the trend of public consultation with marginalized persons, the explicit teaching of ethics and philosophy of science in graduate departments of public health, and the increased use of health equity impact assessments might help protect against public health policies and practices that disadvantage marginalized populations. PMID:24183183

Silva, Diego S; Smith, Maxwell J; Upshur, Ross E G

2013-01-01

10

Educational Interests of Disadvantaged and Non-Disadvantaged Iowa Household Heads.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study was made of 538 disadvantaged and 247 non-disadvantaged household heads in Iowa -- their occupation, training desired, material possessions, membership and participation. The sample included 643 males and 142 females and was distributed in zones from open country to large urban areas. According to the prescribed criteria 14% of the…

Arendt, Donald Philip

11

Exploring the Link between Caregiver Affect and Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Does Neighborhood Disadvantage Matter?  

Science.gov (United States)

In a sample of urban youth (N = 1,070), we examined the links between primary caregiver affect (i.e., warmth and hostility) and two measures of sexual behavior in adolescence--early sexual initiation and sex with multiple partners. We also examined the extent to which neighborhood disadvantage moderated associations between caregiver affect and…

Gardner, Margo; Martin, Anne; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-01-01

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Social–Emotional Factors Affecting Achievement Outcomes Among Disadvantaged Students: Closing the Achievement Gap  

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Despite concentrated efforts at improving inferior academic outcomes among disadvantaged students, a substantial achievement gap between the test scores of these students and others remains (Jencks & Phillips, 1998; National Center for Education Statistics, 2000a, 2000b; Valencia & Suzuki, 2000). Existing research used ecological models to document social–emotional factors at multiple levels of influence that undermine academic performance. This article integrates ideas from various perspec...

Becker, Bronwyn E.; Luthar, Suniya S.

2002-01-01

13

Student Support Services For Disadvantaged Group In Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The share of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in enrolment as a per cent to total enrolment in higher education has been steadily increasing over the years. However, their enrolment share in higher education is still lower as compared to their total population.

V.V.Malagi

2012-10-01

14

Survey of Adult Education Programs for the Disadvantaged.  

Science.gov (United States)

The publication contains abstracts and annotated bibliographical references of research projects and programs in adult basic education. The projects and programs cited represent the results of a survey to search out studies that delineate project population, methods, materials, and results. The survey was designed to limit the time period covered…

Schulz, Harriette

15

The Silent Politics of Educational Disadvantage and the National Anti-Poverty Strategy  

Science.gov (United States)

Educational disadvantage is an essentially contested, political concept. At the same time there is a "phoney consensus" surrounding the issue, i.e., policy debates on the topic often fail to reflect this contestation. This lack of awareness of the political context to the debate is evident in relation to the targets and measures set for addressing…

Tormey, Roland

2010-01-01

16

Does social disadvantage affect the validity of self-report for cervical cancer screening?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aisha K Lofters,1–3 Rahim Moineddin,1,4,5 Stephen W Hwang,3,6 Richard H Glazier1–3,4,51Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, 2Department of Family and Community Medicine, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, 3Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, 4Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, 5Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, 6Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, CanadaObjective: The aim was to review the international literature on the validity of self-report of cervical cancer screening, specifically of studies that made direct comparisons among women with and without social disadvantage, based on race/ethnicity, foreign-born status, language ability, income, or education.Method: The databases of Medline, EBM Reviews, and CINAHL from 1990 to 2011 were searched using relevant search terms. Articles eligible for data extraction documented the prevalence of cervical cancer screening based on both self-report and an objective measure for women both with and without at least one measure of social disadvantage. The report-to-record ratio, the ratio of the proportion of study subjects who report at least one screening test within a particular time frame to the proportion of study subjects who have a record of the same test within that time frame, was calculated for each subgroup.Results: Five studies met the extraction criteria. Subgroups were based on race/ethnicity, education, and income. In all studies, and across all subgroups, report-to-record ratios were greater than one, indicative of pervasive over-reporting.Conclusion: The findings suggest that objective measures should be used by policymakers, researchers, and public-health practitioners in place of self-report to accurately determine cervical cancer screening rates.Keywords: vulnerable populations, early detection of cancer, vaginal smears, Pap test, reproducibility of results, validity

Lofters AK

2013-01-01

17

NEW MEXICO STATE CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION OF THE DISADVANTAGED, REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS (ALBUQUERQUE, NOVEMBER 11-12, 1966).  

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DISCUSSED AT THE FIRST GENERAL SESSION OF THIS STATEWIDE CONFERENCE WERE (1) THE OBJECTIVES OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT TITLE I PROGRAMS, (2) THE PREPARATION OF TEACHERS OF THE DISADVANTAGED, AND (3) IMPRESSIONS OF THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION OF THE DISADVANTAGED, WHICH SOME OF THE CONFEREES HAD ATTENDED. THE CONTRIBUTION OF…

New Mexico State Dept. of Education, Santa Fe.

18

The challenge of educational disadvantage in a knowledge economy: a case study of Waterford crystal Ltd  

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The PhD research question ‘how can educationally disadvantaged employees gain the necessary qualifications to secure employability status and contribute to competitiveness in a knowledge based economy ’ is addressed through case study research using Waterford Crystal Ltd, an indigenous, manufacturing, exporting company from 1990-2006 as the context. Both the company and the economy paralleled the transformation of its manufacturing bases to compete in the global economy during this period...

Cooke, Senan

2006-01-01

19

Closing the Assessment Loop of Dental Health Education of Children from Disadvantaged Backgrounds  

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Full Text Available This study aims to identify the level of knowledge of a group of children from disadvantaged backgrounds regarding the prevention of teeth decay, after having participated in courses of dental health care. The study is based on 107 socially disadvantaged children. They have been applied questionnaires referring to the scope of the study. After having completed the courses in the dental health field and dental hygiene, the children became more aware of the importance of a proper tooth brushing (77.6% than they were before the educational program (66.3%. The number of children who acknowledged that the toothbrush is a personal property has increased in percent from 96.5% to 99.1%. After the first educational program they became more aware of the role of mouthwash (the percentage increased from 79.1 % to 91.5% and of the use of the dental floss (from 50% to 91.5%. Psychologically, a very useful procedure to make children aware of the importance of the oral hygiene is to highlight the loss of a beautiful smile (96% because of tooth decay or of extractions (72%. All the indicators measured have shown an increase in the knowledge level of dental health care. The knowledge level of the use of dental floss and mouthwash proved a statistically significant increase. The results we obtained showed that the knowledge gap between the use of dental floss and mouth wash observed at the beginning of the study was closed after just one educational lesson. At the end of our program we were able to create an assessment loop process that can offer enough feedback to the management team so as to deliver the most suitable dental healthcare education for the socially disadvantaged children.

Mona IONAS

2013-08-01

20

The potential advantages and disadvantages of introducing interprofessional education into the healthcare curricula in Spain.  

Science.gov (United States)

The complexity of contemporary clinical practice demands that increasingly skilled high quality health and social care is provided to individuals. However, the failure of health and social care professionals to work collaboratively has been widely reported in the international literature. Hence, interprofessional education has been suggested as a means of improving both interprofessional understanding and respect across a diverse range of practice disciplines. In this way, functional barriers can be challenged or broken down; teamwork enhanced and healthcare outcomes improved. Lack of conclusive evidence to substantiate the above healthcare benefits has been attributed to weak methodological approaches when evaluating such educational initiatives. In Spain barriers to implementing interprofessional education are potentially less challenging. Recent legislative demands following the Bologna Agreement on European Higher Education is compelling Spanish higher education institutes to engage in radical educational reforms. Consequently, this paper examines some of the advantages and disadvantages of introducing interprofessional education into health and social care curricula in Spain to see when and how interprofessional initiatives might be assimilated into the health care curricula. In this way lessons learned from a thorough review of the relevant literature might help to inform such educational reforms across mainland Europe and beyond. PMID:17881094

Pumar Méndez, María J; Armayor, Navidad Canga; Díaz Navarlaz, María Teresa; Wakefield, Ann

2008-04-01

 
 
 
 
21

The Teacher Education Curriculum and the World of Work: A Study of Teachers of Disadvantaged Children in Nigeria  

Science.gov (United States)

A key element in the current attempt to actualise the goals of the Dakar Framework of Action for Education for All in Nigeria is the broadening of access to education for disadvantaged groups. These groups include: nomadic pastoralists; migrant fishermen; and out-of-school children and youth. Special educational programs are being provided for…

Umar, Abdurrahman

2006-01-01

22

Do preschool programs affect social disadvantage? What social workers should know.  

Science.gov (United States)

The majority of children from lower income families enter elementary school well behind their peers in reading, math, and general knowledge. Poor academic achievement in the early grades is associated with a range of social problems such as failure to complete high school, increased risk of unintended pregnancy, increased criminal activity, and insufficient wages. There has been a steady increase in the number of publicly funded preschool programs designed to help children from a range of disadvantaged backgrounds develop school readiness skills. Social work has been minimally involved in preschool programs, even as policymaker interest and public support for these programs have grown. This article reviews the outcomes research on preschool intervention programs and discusses the implications of this research for social work policy advocates and practitioners. PMID:23409341

Herman-Smith, Robert

2013-01-01

23

Jobs, Education, and Training; Research of a Project Combining On-The-Job and Literacy Training for the Disadvantaged.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study was begun of the impact of Project JET (Jobs, Education, Training), a program of on the job training and literacy education for disadvantaged groups, on 187 participating companies in Buffalo, New York, during 1966-68. A questionnaire was devised for top managers, inplant project administrators, and a sample group of nonparticipating…

Drotning, John E.; And Others

24

Philippines: Summary Report. Mapping out Disadvantaged Groups in Education. Asia-South Pacific Education Watch  

Science.gov (United States)

The Civil Society Network for Education Reforms (E-Net Philippines), a network of organizations pushing for Education for All, believes that years of underinvestment and neglect of the public education system have caused the country's dismal education performance. This critique provided a framework for engaging with DepEd and the Legislature,…

de Guzman, Sylvia

2007-01-01

25

EFFECTS OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT FOR DISADVANTAGED STUDENTS: WHAT FORTY YEARS OF RESEARCH TELLS US  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this review is to examine the effectiveness of educational technology applications and how features of using technology programs and characteristics of these evaluations affect achievement outcomes for disadvantaged students in grades K-12. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards. A total of 154 qualifying studies were included in the final analysis. The findings of the review suggest that educational technology applications generally produced a positive, though modest, effect (ES=+0.16 in comparison to traditional methods. A marginally significant difference was found among four types of educational technology applications. Larger effect sizes were found with comprehensive models (ES=+0.23 and innovative technology applications (ES=+0.20. Effect sizes for supplemental programs and computer-managed learning were +0.15 and +0.12, respectively. The findings provide some suggestive evidence that approaches that integrated computer and non-computer instruction in the classrooms and innovative approaches are effective in improving student achievement. Differential impacts were also found by both substantive and methodological features.

Alan Cheung

2013-03-01

26

Improving Physics Education in Disadvantaged Schools Using Most Appropriate Technology & Tools  

Science.gov (United States)

Our proposal - Bridging The Gap aims at partnering with the teachers from the target Hartford High School System and utilizing the most appropriate technology to build a cost-effective portfolio of experimental kits with accompanying web based delivery of content to cover the entire curriculum of high school level science and mathematics to improve student enrollment and students conceptual understanding of these subjects. Note that the emphasis here is on the most appropriate tools rather than the most advanced tools since the target high schools are not all expected to be able to afford costly courseware solutions. Nevertheless, the partnership of AppWave with Hartford School District is expected to significantly close the ever-widening science and technology gap for economically and socially disadvantaged student population in the Hartford School District. AppWaves partnership with the Department of Science, Hartford School District, will involve direct interaction with Hartford High School teachers and a continuous interaction with the AppWave Advisory Panel a group of local education experts from the Trinity College, Hartford and the University of Connecticut.

Saxena, Vishal

2002-10-01

27

Tracing the Arc: The Shifting Conceptualizations of EducationalDisadvantage” and “Diversity” at the University of Wisconsin-Madison  

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Full Text Available This article calls attention to the shifting conceptualizations of belonging and inclusion at universities in the U.S. through shifting framings of “educational disadvantage” and “diversity”. Historically these concepts have been used in various and shifting ways to think about the “Other” and to determine the lines of inclusion and exclusion to access to higher education spaces. This article uses a leading public university, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, as a historical case study to examine the ways the university has responded to those who have historically been excluded from public higher education spaces and the ways inclusion has been expanded and redefined through struggle. This case study is an invitation to carefully consider the current discourses and policy debates about university “diversity” efforts and the inclusion of “disadvantaged” students. We raise questions about what inclusion means.

Carl A. Grant

2014-07-01

28

The Debate over the Young "Disadvantaged Child": Preschool Intervention, Developmental Psychology, and Compensatory Education in the 1960s and Early 1970s  

Science.gov (United States)

I focus on the role of preschool intervention and developmental psychology researchers in defining the concept of the "disadvantaged child" and in designing and evaluating remedies to alleviate educational "disadvantages" in young children. I argue that preschool interventions concentrated especially on compensating for supposedly deficient…

Beatty, Barbara

2012-01-01

29

Collective Bargaining, Transfer Rights, and Disadvantaged Schools  

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Collective bargaining is common in American public education, but its consequences are poorly understood. We focus here on key contractual provisions--seniority-based transfer rights--that affect teacher assignments, and we show that these transfer rights operate to burden disadvantaged schools with higher percentages of inexperienced teachers. We…

Anzia, Sarah F.; Moe, Terry M.

2014-01-01

30

Maternal obesity affects newborn somatometrics and vital parameters in a gender typical manner--evidence for the male disadvantage hypothesis?  

Science.gov (United States)

According to the male disadvantage hypothesis male foetuses react more sensitive to maternal stress factors during gestation. In the present study the gender typical impact of maternal prepregnancy overweight and obesity as well as gestational weight gain on newborn somatometrics was tested on basis of births records of 7565 births, which took place in Vienna Austria. Maternal weight status was determined at the beginning of pregnancy according to the WHO recommendations. Newborns were measured immediately after birth. With increasing maternal prepregnancy weight status and increasing gestational weight gain birth weight, birth length and head circumference increased too. Among male newborns however the increase was lower than among female ones. With increasing maternal weight status the prevalence of macrosome newborns increased significantly. Among girls however this increase was significantly higher. Male foetuses seem to react more sensitive to a higher maternal weight status in comparison to girls. These results can be interpreted in sense of the so called male disadvantage hypothesis. PMID:24611315

Kirchengast, Sylvia; Hartmann, Beda

2013-12-01

31

Children's Human Rights Education as a Counter to Social Disadvantage: A Case Study from England  

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Background: Children's rights education in schools has many social and educational benefits. Among them are a deeper understanding of rights and social responsibility, an improved school climate, and greater school engagement and achievement. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess whether children's rights education has the power to…

Covell, Katherine; Howe, R. Brian; Polegato, Jillian L.

2011-01-01

32

Extending the Purposes of Science Education: Addressing Violence within Socio-Economic Disadvantaged Communities  

Science.gov (United States)

Current discourses about science education show a wide concern towards humanisation and a more socio-cultural perspective of school science. They suggest that science education can serve diverse purposes and be responsive to social and environmental situations we currently face. However, these discourses and social approaches to science education

Castano, Carolina

2012-01-01

33

Federal Aid to the Disadvantaged. What Future for Chapter 1? Education Policy Perspectives.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document presents the recommendations of a national group of policy analysts on strategies for improving compensatory education and the Educational Improvement and Consolidation Act (ECIA) Chapter 1. The historical context of the Federal and state roles in providing compensatory education programs is presented, old assumptions are reviewed,…

Doyle, Denis P., Ed.; Cooper, Bruce S., Ed.

34

Educational Achievement in Maori: The Roles of Cultural Identity and Social Disadvantage  

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The present study investigates the roles of Maori cultural identity and socio-economic status in educational outcomes in a New Zealand birth cohort studied from birth to the age of 25. There were statistically significant (all p values less than 0.01) associations between cultural identity and educational outcomes, with those of Maori ethnic…

Marie, Dannette; Fergusson, David M.; Boden, Joseph M.

2008-01-01

35

Seminar on Educating the Disadvantaged; A Report (Madison, Wisc., April 9-10, 1969).  

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At this seminar, Mario Fantini, Program Officer of the Ford Foundation, discussed the theoretical frameworks on which educational programs for deprived children should be designed. Program designs required to provide effective education for poor and deprived children were explored by Kenneth Haskins, Principal of the Adams-Morgan School,…

Ferver, Jack C., Ed.

36

Neighborhood disadvantage and adolescent stress reactivity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Lower socioeconomic status (SES is associated with higher levels of life stress, which in turn affect stress physiology. SES is related to basal cortisol and diurnal change, but it is not clear if SES is associated with cortisol reactivity to stress. To address this question, we examined the relationship between two indices of SES, parental education and concentrated neighborhood disadvantage, and the cortisol reactivity of African-American adolescents to a modified version of the Trier Social Stress Test. We found that concentrated disadvantage was associated with cortisol reactivity and this relationship was moderated by gender, such that higher concentrated disadvantage predicted higher cortisol reactivity and steeper recovery in boys but not in girls. Parental education, alone or as moderated by gender, did not predict reactivity or recovery, while neither education nor concentrated disadvantage predicted estimates of baseline cortisol. This finding is consistent with animal literature showing differential vulnerability, by gender, to the effects of adverse early experience on stress regulation and the differential effects of neighborhood disadvantage in adolescent males and females. This suggests that the mechanisms underlying SES differences in brain development and particularly reactivity to environmental stressors may vary across genders.

DanielA.Hackman

2012-10-01

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Redressing disadvantage and ensuring social cohesion: the role of distance education and elearning policies in the European Union 1957-2007  

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This paper analyses the development and implementation of the European Union's policies in distance higher education and elearning since the 1957 Treaty of Rome. Distance education emerged in the 1960s and 70s as an instrument at national level to redress disadvantage, and to provide flexible, high-quality and cost-effective access to higher education to adults who were unable, for geographical, employment or personal reasons, to attend on-campus. Analysis of EU policy documents and interview...

Mackeogh, Kay

2007-01-01

38

New approaches for the asessment and education of children under socio-cultural disadvantages  

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Full Text Available The present paper describes the traditional psychometric parameters thal don 't fit by workingwith children who suffer socio-cultural deprivation (or who are living under socio-cultural disadvantagesand the new assessment and education strategies for this population. Vygotsky's socio-cultural approach, that emphasizes the Zone of Proximal Development, and the Dynamic Assessment and the Mediated Learning developed by Feucrstein and complemented by Coll relatedwith the Significative Learning are stressed.

Alegría Majluf

2003-06-01

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South African teachers’ conceptualisations of gradient: A study of historically disadvantaged teachers in an Advanced Certificate in Education programme  

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Full Text Available This study looked at how a group of South African secondary school mathematics teachers regarded the concept of gradient (slope. Results are reported from nine free-response items on a paper-and-pencil test administered to practising teachers who were pursuing qualifications to teach Grades 10–12 mathematics through an Advanced Certificate in Education (ACE programme. The findings suggest that teachers’ understanding of gradient varies greatly. A number of teachers in the study demonstrated very little to no understanding of this important concept, whilst others demonstrated a strong understanding of gradient and were able to conceptualise it in many different ways. Implications for teacher professional development are considered.

How to cite this article: Mudaly, V., & Moore-Russo, D. (2011. South African teachers’ conceptualisations of gradient: A study of historically disadvantaged teachers in an Advanced Certificate in Education programme. Pythagoras, 32(1, Art. #25, 8 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/pythagoras.v32i1.25

Vimolan Mudaly

2011-10-01

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Do Disadvantaged Students Get Less Effective Teaching? Key Findings from Recent Institute of Education Sciences Studies. NCEE Evaluation Brief. Technical Appendix. NCEE 2014-4010  

Science.gov (United States)

This document represents the technical appendix intended to accompany "Do Disadvantaged Students Get Less Effective Teaching? Key Findings from Recent Institute of Education Sciences Studies. NCEE Evaluation Brief. NCEE 2014-4010." Contents include: (1) Summary of Related, Non-Peer-Reviewed Studies; (2) Methods for Comparing Findings…

Max, Jeffrey; Glazerman, Steven

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

The Educational Quality of Early School Leavers and the Cross-National Variation of Their Income Disadvantage  

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The average quality of available educational resources varies significantly across Europe. This not only affects school success and failure but also subsequent labour market outcomes. The main research question in this paper is to what extent this compositional variation among early school leavers (ESLrs) in particular can account for the…

van Alphen, Stan

2009-01-01

42

The Healthy Toddlers Trial Protocol: An Intervention to Reduce Risk Factors for Childhood Obesity in Economically and Educationally Disadvantaged Populations  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The number of overweight children in America has doubled to an estimated 10 million in the past 20 years. Establishing healthy dietary behaviors must begin early in childhood and include parents. The Healthy Toddlers intervention focuses on promoting healthy eating habits in 1- to 3-year-old children utilizing the Social Cognitive Theory and a learner-centered approach using Adult Learning principles. This Healthy Toddlers Trial aims to determine the efficacy of a community-based randomized controlled trial of an in-home intervention with economically and educationally disadvantaged mothers of toddlers. The intervention focuses on: (a promoting healthy eating behaviors in toddlers while dietary habits are forming; and (b providing initial evidence for the potential of Healthy Toddlers as a feasible intervention within existing community-based programs. Methods/Design This describes the study protocol for a randomized control trial, a multi-state project in Colorado, Michigan, and Wisconsin with economically and educationally disadvantaged mother-toddler dyads; toddlers are between 12 and 36 months. The Healthy Toddlers intervention consists of eight in-home lessons and four reinforcement telephone contacts, focusing on fruit, vegetable, and sweetened beverage consumption and parental behaviors, taught by paraprofessional instructors. Healthy Toddlers uses a randomized, experimental, short-term longitudinal design with intervention and control groups. In-home data collection (anthropometric measurements, feeding observations, questionnaires, 3-day dietary records occurs at baseline, immediately following the intervention, and 6 months after the intervention. Main toddler outcomes include: a increased fruit and vegetable consumption and decreased sweetened beverage consumption; and b improved toddler-eating skills (self-feeding and self-serving. Main parent outcomes include: a improved psychosocial attributes (knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, feeding style related to child feeding; b provision of a more positive mealtime physical environment (turning off the TV; and c creation of a more positive mealtime social environment (sitting down together for meals. Discussion If this project is successful, the expected outcomes are that the intervention will be effective in helping toddlers develop healthy eating skills that contribute to improve overall health and development and to the prevention of obesity. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ACTRN12610000981022

Auld Garry

2011-07-01

43

How Do We Measure Affective Learning in Higher Education?  

Science.gov (United States)

Educational outcomes related to sustainability often include affective attributes such as values, attitudes and behaviours. Educators in higher education who attempt to research, monitor, assess or evaluate learning of affective attributes can face a bewildering array of methodologies and approaches and a research literature that spans several…

Buissink-Smith, Nell; Mann, Samuel; Shephard, Kerry

2011-01-01

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New approaches for the asessment and education of children under socio-cultural disadvantages Orientaciones innovativas en la evaluación y educación de niños en situación de desventaja sociocultural  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present paper describes the traditional psychometric parameters thal don 't fit by workingwith children who suffer socio-cultural deprivation (or who are living under socio-cultural disadvantages)and the new assessment and education strategies for this population. Vygotsky's socio-cultural approach, that emphasizes the Zone of Proximal Development, and the Dynamic Assessment and the Mediated Learning developed by Feucrstein and complemented by Coll relatedwith the Significative Learning a...

Alegría Majluf

2003-01-01

45

Higher Education for Sustainability: Seeking Affective Learning Outcomes  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to interpret aspects of education for sustainability in relation to educational theories of the affective domain (values, attitudes and behaviours) and suggest how the use of these theories, and relevant experience, in other educational areas could benefit education for sustainability.…

Shephard, Kerry

2008-01-01

46

Education (of Children Affected by Fragile X Syndrome)  

Science.gov (United States)

... Has FXS Halloween Season! Genetic Counselor Donate | Print Education Children whose development is affected by fragile X syndrome are eligible for special education services. Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities ...

47

Does Education Affect Happiness? Evidence for Spain  

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In this paper we study the impact of education on happiness in Spain using individual-level data from the European Social Survey, by means of estimating Ordinal Logit Models. We find both direct and indirect effects of education on happiness. First, we find an indirect effect of education on happiness through income and labour status. That is, we…

Cunado, Juncal; de Gracia, Fernando Perez

2012-01-01

48

Whiteness as Technology of Affect: Implications for Educational Praxis  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the embodiment and affectivity of whiteness, particularly as it implicates educational praxis and social justice in education, focusing on the following questions: In what ways are affect and whiteness constitutive of each other in race dialogue? How does emotion intersect with racial practices and white privilege, and what…

Leonardo, Zeus; Zembylas, Michalinos

2013-01-01

49

Some Problems Affecting Higher Education in Mexico.  

Science.gov (United States)

Major problems of higher education in Mexico are addressed in the context of the country's developmental stages, socioeconomic conditions, and demographics. Important factors in modern Mexican history include: population growth, public and private investment to stimulate socioeconomic activities in different regions of the country, and financial…

Arredondo, Victor A.

50

Does family structure affect children's educational outcomes?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper we examine the effect of family structure on children’s educational outcomes by exploiting the sibling structure in the NLSY and NLSY-Child to control for unobserved heterogeneity across families and individuals. We also compare outcomes for children within the same family—stepchildren with their half-siblings in the same blended family who are the biological children of both parents. Using panel data methods to control for unobserved heterogeneity across families, we find t...

Ginther, Donna K.; Pollak, Robert A.

2000-01-01

51

Effects of a Group Counseling Model on Self-Concept and Related Variables with Adult Members of Disadvantaged Families. An Affective Evaluation Study. Counseling Services Report No. 20.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study examines the effectiveness of theme-centered group counseling conducted by experienced professional counselors in impacting the self-confidence of disadvantaged adults and also the development of interpersonal and intrapersonal sensitivity. Major questions focused on ascertaining if: (1) self-concept developments of a sample of entering…

Mayotte, Alan C.; Conrad, Rowan W.

52

Implications of Affective and Social Neuroscience for Educational Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

The past decade has seen major advances in cognitive, affective and social neuroscience that have the potential to revolutionize educational theories about learning. The importance of emotion and social learning has long been recognized in education, but due to technological limitations in neuroscience research techniques, treatment of these…

Immordino-Yang, Mary Helen

2011-01-01

53

Students' Views on Factors Affecting Empathy in Medical Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Empathy is a prominent goal of medical education that is too often underachieved. Using concept mapping, the authors constructed a student-generated conceptual model of factors viewed as affecting empathy during medical education. Methods: During the 2005-2006 academic year, 293 medical students and interns answered a brainstorming…

Winseman, Jeffrey; Malik, Abid; Morison, Julie; Balkoski, Victoria

2009-01-01

54

Are Non-Eligible Students Affected by Special Education?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We investigate whether the academic performance of non-eligible students - in an institutional setting of full inclusion - are affected by special education resources. Special education resources are per definition provided in a compensatory manner, and are increasingly being targeted to misbehaving students. The hypothesis is thus that special education resources might dampen the negative externalities associated with misbehaving students, and thus work to improve the performance of non-elig...

Vaag Iversen, Jon Marius; Bonesrønning, Hans; Pettersen, Ivar

2013-01-01

55

The impoverished brain: disparities in maternal education affect the neural response to sound.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the prevalence of poverty worldwide, little is known about how early socioeconomic adversity affects auditory brain function. Socioeconomically disadvantaged children are underexposed to linguistically and cognitively stimulating environments and overexposed to environmental toxins, including noise pollution. This kind of sensory impoverishment, we theorize, has extensive repercussions on how the brain processes sound. To characterize how this impoverishment affects auditory brain function, we compared two groups of normal-hearing human adolescents who attended the same schools and who were matched in age, sex, and ethnicity, but differed in their maternal education level, a correlate of socioeconomic status (SES). In addition to lower literacy levels and cognitive abilities, adolescents from lower maternal education backgrounds were found to have noisier neural activity than their classmates, as reflected by greater activity in the absence of auditory stimulation. Additionally, in the lower maternal education group, the neural response to speech was more erratic over repeated stimulation, with lower fidelity to the input signal. These weaker, more variable, and noisier responses are suggestive of an inefficient auditory system. By studying SES within a neuroscientific framework, we have the potential to expand our understanding of how experience molds the brain, in addition to informing intervention research aimed at closing the achievement gap between high-SES and low-SES children. PMID:24174656

Skoe, Erika; Krizman, Jennifer; Kraus, Nina

2013-10-30

56

Does sex education affect adolescent sexual behaviors and health?  

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This study examines whether offering sex education to young teenagers affects several measures of adolescent sexual behavior and health: virginity status, contraceptive use, frequency of intercourse, likelihood of pregnancy, and probability of contracting a sexually transmitted disease. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, I find that while sex education is associated with adverse health outcomes, there is little evidence of a causal link after controlling for unobserved heterogeneity via fixed effects and instrumental variables. These findings suggest that those on each side of the ideological debate over sex education are, in a sense, both correct and mistaken. Opponents are correct in observing that sex education is associated with adverse health outcomes, but are generally incorrect in interpreting this relationship causally. Proponents are generally correct in claiming that sex education does not encourage risky sexual activity, but are incorrect in asserting that investments in typical school-based sex education programs produce measurable health benefits. PMID:16989033

Sabia, Joseph J

2006-01-01

57

State Outlook: Fiscal and State Policy Issues Affecting Postsecondary Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This publication provides a compilation of the issues affecting postsecondary education in America. The contents of this issue include: (1) Overview of Economic and Fiscal Dynamics; (2) Global and Domestic Growth Prospects; (3) Snapshot of Economic Indicators--November 2010; (4) Labor Market Conditions and Post-Recession Economic Impacts; (5)…

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2010

2010-01-01

58

Does Sex Education Affect Adolescent Sexual Behaviors and Health?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines whether offering sex education to young teenagers affects several measures of adolescent sexual behavior and health: virginity status, contraceptive use, frequency of intercourse, likelihood of pregnancy, and probability of contracting a sexually transmitted disease. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent…

Sabia, Joseph J.

2006-01-01

59

Factors Affecting Students' Self-Efficacy in Higher Education  

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Researchers working in educational settings are increasingly paying attention to the role students' thoughts and beliefs play in the learning process. Self-efficacy, a key element of social cognitive theory, appears to be an important variable because it affects students' motivation and learning. This article investigates empirical literature…

van Dinther, Mart; Dochy, Filip; Segers, Mien

2011-01-01

60

The use of team-based, guided inquiry learning to overcome educational disadvantages in learning human physiology: a structural equation model.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study of human bioscience is viewed as a crucial curriculum in allied health. Nevertheless, bioscience (and particularly physiology) is notoriously difficult for undergraduates, particularly academically disadvantaged students. So endemic are the high failure rates (particularly in nursing) that it has come to be known as "the human bioscience problem." In the present report, we describe the outcomes for individual success in studying first-year human physiology in a subject that emphasises team-based active learning as the major pedagogy for mastering subject learning outcomes. Structural equation modeling was used to develop a model of the impact team learning had on individual performance. Modeling was consistent with the idea that students with similar academic abilities (as determined by tertiary entrance rank) were advantaged (scored higher on individual assessment items) by working in strong teams (teams that scored higher in team-based assessments). Analysis of covariance revealed that students who studied the subject with active learning as the major mode of learning activities outperformed students who studied the subject using the traditional didactic teaching format (lectures and tutorials, P = 0.000). After adjustment for tertiary entrance rank (via analysis of covariance) on two individual tests (the final exam and a late-semester in-class test), individual student grades improved by 8% (95% confidence interval: 6-10%) and 12% (95% confidence interval: 10-14%) when students engaged in team-based active learning. These data quantitatively support the notion that weaker students working in strong teams can overcome their educational disadvantages. PMID:25179611

Rathner, Joseph A; Byrne, Graeme

2014-09-01

 
 
 
 
61

Development of Human Resources Through a Vocationally Oriented Educational Program for Disadvantaged Families in Depressed Rural Areas, Degree to which Families are Satisfied with Selected Aspects of Family Life in an Economically Depressed Rural Area. Interim Report No. 3.  

Science.gov (United States)

One aspect of Project REDY (Rural Education-Disadvantaged Youth) was to identify elements of family living which were satisfying to residents of an economically depressed rural area in Southern Illinois. McVoy's Wants and Satisfaction scale was administered to 115 family heads to determine the degree to which certain wishes and interests of…

Fuller, Gerald R.; Phipps, Lloyd J.

62

Curriculum for the Disadvantaged  

Science.gov (United States)

Changes in the social setting of the 1970's could eliminate the need for a special curriculum for the disadvantaged child, with the exception of preschool programs. A more critical need appears to be improved teaching methods capable of rewarding and improving the self-image of disadvantaged children. (JH)

Havighurst, Robert J.

1970-01-01

63

Analysis of the Advantages and Disadvantages on the Application of the Idea of Happy Physical Education in College Physical Education Teaching  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available College physical education is one of the important contents in promoting the college students' quality education. Improving teaching quality and building up the students' physical quality have become the problems that the society is concerned. Through practices, the application of the idea of happy physical education can not only improve teaching quality effectively but also improve the students' physical conditions greatly. It not only has some advantages but also has some limitations. How to balance their relationships is one of the primary research contents in college physical education teaching.

Jianchun Chen

2013-08-01

64

Affective learning in end-of-life care education: the experience of nurse educators and students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Preparing future nurses to care for dying patients and their families represents a challenge for nursing education. Affective learning, essential to nurture a caring perspective in end-of-life care, can elicit strong emotional reactions in students, to which nurse educators must remain keenly sensitive. This article presents the experience of nurse educators and students with experiential and reflective activities addressing the affective domain of learning, within an intensive 4-week undergraduate course on end-of-life care, developed with a competency-based approach. It stressed the importance of strategic teaching for developing interpersonal competencies in end-of-life care, but revealed difficulties for both nurse educators and students in assessing outcomes derived from affective learning. PMID:19104478

Brien, Louise-Andrée; Legault, Alain; Tremblay, Nicole

2008-12-01

65

Does Faculty Incivility in Nursing Education Affect Emergency Nursing Practice?  

Science.gov (United States)

Incivility in nursing education is a complicated problem which causes disruptions in the learning process and negatively affects future nursing practice. This mixed method research study described incivility as well as incivility's effects through extensive literature review and application of a modified Incivility in Nursing Education (INE) survey. The INE included six demographic items, four quantitative sections, and five open-ended questions. The survey examined emergency nurses' perceptions of incivility and how the experience affected their personal nursing practice. The INE was initially tested in a 2004 pilot study by Dr. Cynthia Clark. For this research study, modifications were made to examine specifically emergency nurse's perceptions of incivility and the effects on their practice. The population was a group of nurses who were members of the emergency nurses association in a Midwestern state. In the quantitative component of the Incivility in Nursing Education (INE) survey, the Likert scale questions indicated that the majority of the participants reported witnessing or experiencing the uncivil behaviors. In the qualitative section of the INE survey, the participants reported that although they have not seen incivility within their own academic career, they had observed faculty incivility with nursing students when the participants were assigned as preceptors as part of their emergency nursing practice.

Stokes, Pamela

66

K-12 Students, Teachers, Parents, Administrators and Higher Education Faculty: Partners Helping Rural Disadvantaged Students Stay on the Pathway to a Geoscience Career  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Science Foundation funded project K-12 Students, Teachers, Parents, Administrators and Higher Education Faculty: Partners Helping Rural Disadvantaged Students Stay on the Pathway to a Geoscience Career is a research-based proof of concept track 1 pilot project that tests the effectiveness of an innovative model for simultaneous K-12 teacher professional development, student learning and workforce development. The project builds a network of science experiences designed to keep eighth and ninth grade students from the Ripley, Union, Lewis, Huntington (RULH) Ohio school district on the path to a geoscience career. During each summer of the ongoing two-year project teams of RULH students, parents, teachers, administrators and college faculty traveled to the facilities of the New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium at Sandy Hook, New Jersey to study science from an Earth system perspective. Teachers had the opportunity to engage in professional development alongside their students. Parents participated in the science activities alongside their children. Administrators interacted with students, parents and their teachers and saw them all learning science in an engaging, collaborative setting. During the first academic year of the project professional development was provided to RULH teachers by a team of university scientists and geoscience educators from the Earth System Science Education Alliance (ESSEA), a National Science Foundation funded project. Teachers selected for professional development were from science disciplines, mathematics, language arts and civics. The teachers selected, taught and assessed ESSEA Earth system science modules to all eighth and ninth grade students, not just those that were selected to go on the summer trips to New Jersey. In addition, all ninth grade RULH students had the opportunity to take a course that includes Earth system science concepts that will earn them both high school and college science credits. Professional development will continue through the 2013-2014 academic year. Formative assessment of the ongoing project indicates that students, teachers, parents and school administrators rank their experiences highly and that students are motivated to continue on the path to geoscience careers.

Slattery, W.; Antonucci, C.; Myers, R. J.

2013-12-01

67

Factors Affecting English Language Teaching and Learning in Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports part of a study that aims to explore factors affecting the efficacy of non-major English teaching and learning in Vietnamese higher education through an investigation of classroom practices. Eight non-participant class observations were conducted at HUTECH University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The study’s findings show that many factors hinder the quality of English teaching and learning: uninteresting teaching style; insufficient time for communicative activities; grammar-driven teaching; unreasonable time-management; unclear instructions; large class sizes; teachers’ limited ability in classroom organization; unequal students’ English levels; inadequate lesson preparation; teachers’ limited use of teaching aids and technology; and students’ lack of confidence in using oral English in class activities. Based on these results, recommendations are given to improve the quality of non-major English teaching and learning, at HUTECH University in particular and in Vietnamese higher education in general.

Hong Thi Nguyen

2014-07-01

68

SLEEP COMPLAINTS AFFECTING SCHOOL PERFORMANCE AT DIFFERENT EDUCATIONAL LEVELS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The clear association between reports of sleep disturbance and poor school performance has been documented for sleepy adolescents. This study extends that research to students outside the adolescent age grouping in an associated school setting (98 middle school students, 67 high school students, and 64 college students. Reported restless legs and periodic limb movements are significantly associated with lower GPA’s in junior high students. Consistent with previous studies, daytime sleepiness was the sleep variable most likely to negatively affects high school students. Sleep onset and maintenance insomnia were the reported sleep variables significantly correlated with poorer school performance in college students. This study indicates that different sleep disorder variables negatively affect performance at different age and educational levels.

JamesFPagel

2010-11-01

69

EURO – ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES  

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Full Text Available The adoption of a single currency was considered one of the most important successes of the effort to unify the countries of the European Union. Obviously, a common currency has indisputable advantages, the most important being that of stimulating trade in countries that have joined the Eurozone. Meanwhile, the euro has several disadvantages, the most important being that the excessive centralization of monetary policy in the European Union. Moreover, the introduction of a single currency generated some disadvantages, which to some extent can be considered drawbacks in terms of efficiency of resource allocation in the European Union countries.

Gabriel MURSA

2014-09-01

70

Virtuous Subjects: A Critical Analysis of the Affective Substance of Social Studies Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This essay invites social studies educators to consider critical theoretical insights related to affect, emotions, and feelings from what has been termed "the affective turn" in social sciences and humanities scholarship. Developments in theorizing affect and recent research in social studies education are related to affective elements…

Helmsing, Mark

2014-01-01

71

The Use of Team-Based, Guided Inquiry Learning to Overcome Educational Disadvantages in Learning Human Physiology: A Structural Equation Model  

Science.gov (United States)

The study of human bioscience is viewed as a crucial curriculum in allied health. Nevertheless, bioscience (and particularly physiology) is notoriously difficult for undergraduates, particularly academically disadvantaged students. So endemic are the high failure rates (particularly in nursing) that it has come to be known as "the human…

Rathner, Joseph A.; Byrne, Graeme

2014-01-01

72

Affective Learning Profiles in Compulsory High School Physical Education: An Instructional Communication Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Affective learning is a major focus of the national K-12 physical education (PE) content standards (National Association for Sport and Physical Education [NASPE, 2004]). Understanding how students might fit into different affective learning subgroups would help extend affective learning theory in PE and suggest possible intervention strategies for…

Webster, Collin A.; Mindrila, Diana; Weaver, Glenn

2013-01-01

73

49 CFR Appendix E to Part 26 - Individual Determinations of Social and Economic Disadvantage  

Science.gov (United States)

...PARTICIPATION BY DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISES IN DEPARTMENT...racial or ethnic prejudice or cultural bias within American society...into or advancement in the business world because of the disadvantage...education, employment and business history, where...

2010-10-01

74

Variables Affecting Teachers' Attitudes towards Inclusive Education in Bangladesh  

Science.gov (United States)

Inclusive education is a worldwide reform strategy intended to include students with different abilities in mainstream regular schools. Evidence from previous research shows that success in implementing effective inclusive teaching practices in the school is contingent on teachers' positive attitudes towards inclusive education. This study was…

Ahmmed, Masud; Sharma, Umesh; Deppeler, Joanne

2012-01-01

75

#The #importance of the affective aspects in the planning of the goals of aesthetic education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper deals with the cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects of the goals of aesthetic education in the theory and practice of pre-school and elementary school education. It points out the urge to account for the affective aspect in the formation of the goals of esthetic education. With this research, in which we also included pre-school teachers and those teaching the first grades of elementary school, we wished to produce an empirical study of the problems and particularities which...

Denac, Olga

2012-01-01

76

The Support System in Distance Education:Factors Affecting Achievements Among Women Learners  

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The Support System in Distance Education:Factors Affecting Achievements Among Women Learners Hanafi ATAN Zuraidah A. RAHMAN Omar MAJID Noraida A. GHANIRozhan M IDRUS School of Distance EducationUniversiti Sains Malaysia11800 Penang, MALAYSIA ABSTRACT Distance education has the potential to contribute to the enhancement of women’s development by overcoming not only temporal and spatial barriers but familial commitments as well. It brings education to their home and allows women to learn at t...

Idrus, Rozhan M.; Ghani, Noraida A.; Ma, Omar; Rahman, Zuraidah A.; Atan, Hanafi

2005-01-01

77

Researching Emotion and Affect in the History of Education  

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This exploratory paper was prepared for a symposium held at the 2011 ISCHE conference in which participants were asked to envision future challenges in the historiography of education, to predict where the field was moving, and to imagine what innovations and new interests would arise in the subsequent 30 years. While the paper is playfully…

Sobe, Noah W.

2012-01-01

78

Factors Affecting Native Hawaiian Student Persistence in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the educational outcomes of 515 Native Hawaiian alumni who graduated between 1993 and 1995 from high schools throughout the State of Hawaii. The majority of students graduated from Kamehameha Schools, while the others received postsecondary financial aid from the Ke Alii Pauahi Foundation. Respondents were separated into two…

Matsumoto, Dolwin Haunani Keanu

2010-01-01

79

How Research in Distance Education Can Affect Practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines distance education as a global movement (development, technology, telecommunications); identifies research constructs (transactional distance, interaction, learner control); social context that can help in applying research to practice; and discusses using research to inform practice, eliminating political and economic roadblocks, and…

McIsaac, Marina Stock; Blocher, J. Michael

1998-01-01

80

Mindfulness-Based Interventions and the Affective Domain of Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Thanks largely to the work of Kabat-Zinn and associates applications of mindfulness-based practices have grown exponentially over the last decade or so, particularly in the fields of education, psychology, psychotherapy and mind-body health. Having its origins in Buddhist traditions, the more recent secular and therapeutic applications of the…

Hyland, Terry

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Closing the Achievement Gap for Economically Disadvantaged Students? Analyzing Change since No Child Left Behind Using State Assessments and the National Assessment of Educational Progress  

Science.gov (United States)

A critical state-level indicator of progress in public education is student achievement annual performance and change over time. The Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) has been very active in tracking and reporting on student achievement results and using state assessment scores and other data to analyze achievement trends. A central…

Blank, Rolf K.

2011-01-01

82

Support needs of primary school educators directly affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic / Monica Nondandiba Ngemntu  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study focuses on how the HIV and Aids pandemic affects educators in primary schools and how these educators need to be supported to cope more resiliently with the challenges posed by the HIV/Aids pandemic. This study needed to understand how primary school educators experienced the impact of the HIV/Aids pandemic, both professionally and personally. Educators in general are personally affected by the HIV/Aids pandemic emotionally, physically, spiritually and socially. Affected educators ...

Ngemntu, Monica Nondandiba

2008-01-01

83

The Implementation of Best Education Practices for a Student Severely Affected by Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, we describe an inclusive educational programme for a young boy severely affected by autism. The programme is exemplary not only academically, but also in terms of what children need socially and emotionally. It represents best practices in action. Given the wide agreement about what constitutes best education practices, but the…

Breitenbach, Marlene M.; Armstrong, Vickie L.; Bryson, Susan E.

2013-01-01

84

Dispositional Factors Affecting Motivation during Learning in Adult Basic and Secondary Education Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

Research indicates that about a quarter of adult students separate from formal adult basic and secondary education (ABE/ASE) programs before completing one educational level. This retrospective study explores individual dispositional factors that affect motivation during learning, particularly students' goals, goal-directed thinking and action…

Mellard, Daryl F.; Krieshok, Thomas; Fall, Emily; Woods, Kari

2013-01-01

85

Governing the potentials of life? : interrogating the promises in affective educational leadership  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article explores how educational leadership is increasingly becoming affective in order to cultivate what has been termed “the potentials” of pupils to meet the challenge of bringing schools into “the world class league”. The analysis draws upon the notion of governmentality and the ”affective turn”. It highlights four examples of affective educational leadership technologies as they appear in contemporary leadership handbooks in Denmark. 1) How school becomes the managed heart of society. This reshapes educational leadership as ontopower governing through ideas and materialities of perception and neurons. 2) How affectivity becomes synonymous with positive feelings, while more indeterminate parts of affectivity are neglected. 3) How educational leadership becomes a matter of governing the future through simulation and imagination. 4) How affective leadership is energized by a bio morality structured in a specific time and space. Such discourses tend to maintain the status quo rather than challenging the basic premises or create revolutions as promised. This article critically analyses these policy document and handbook versions of affective educational leadership technologies by showing the difficulties in keeping the promises made and by introducing the Massumian distinction between possibilities and potentiality. The conclusion states that the edifying nature of the technologies paradoxically overshadows the possibilities promised by the technologies.

Staunæs, Dorthe

2011-01-01

86

Use of Computer Assisted Instruction for Teaching Mathematics to the Disadvantaged.  

Science.gov (United States)

The instructional needs of culturally disadvantaged students must be differentiated from the needs of slow learners and from the needs of mentally retarded children. The characteristics of a disadvantaged student's family structure, home environment, and neighborhood all affect his learning potential. The special needs of disadvantaged students…

Gipson, Joella

87

Course Entry Affect and Its Relationship to Course Grade in Music Education and Music Therapy Classes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports the results of research designed to study 1) the relation between college students' affective entry characteristics and final course grades in music education and music therapy classes and 2) the effects of these classes, student grade point average, and student's major on students' affective characteristics and final course grades. (AM)

Asmus, Edward P.

1981-01-01

88

Support needs of high school educators directly affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic / L.I.E. Serero  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study focuses on the impact of HIV/Aids on secondary school educators who are affected by the HIV/Aids pandemic. The study seeks to understand how the pandemic has impacted on educators and identify support needs of educators affected by HIV/Aids. Many educators are negatively affected by HIV/Aids due to the fact that their family members, loved ones, friends, learners and colleagues may be ill, dying or affected by HIV and Aids. Educators are personally and professionally affected by HI...

Serero, Lebogang Ivy Esther

2009-01-01

89

A study of professional nurses’ perceptions of factors affecting the process of client education  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Education of patients and helping them to be independent in process of self-care in both health and disease is one of the basic responsibilities of nurses. Methods and Materials: This descriptive-analytic research was done to study perceptions of 317 nurses working in hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences of factors affecting the process of patient education. Data was gathered by means of a questionnaire containing 30 questions about facilitating factors and 17 about inhibiting factors. We used Likert score to measure questions. Data analysis performed by SPSS software. Statistical test were Chi square, t test, variance analysis and correlation of variance. Results: The highest percentage of nurses (52.1% believed that enough attention is not being paid to facilitating factors such as considering patient education as priority in patient care, nurses being responsible for patient education, considering patient education as a criteria in nurses annual evaluation, importance of patient education for nurse administrators, having in-service education about patient teaching and having proper time, place and personnel for patient education. Majority of nurses (57.4% believed factors such as shortage of nurses, lack of proper place, time and patient motivation for receiving education, nurses and nurse administrators’ inattention to patient education and negative attitude of doctors toward patient education by nurses are inhibiting factors in process of education. Statistical tests showed a meaningful relation between demographic variables such as sex, clinical background, shift work and position and facilitating factors. There was also a meaningful relation between variables like working in more than one shift, having clinical experience of patient education and being evaluated for patient education during study of nursing and inhibiting factors. Conclusion: This study shows low level of facilitating factors for patient education in hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Science. To improve patient education in these hospitals it is necessary to improve facilitating factors.

Goudarzi Z

2004-05-01

90

Does Alcohol Use during High School Affect Educational Attainment?: Evidence from the National Education Longitudinal Study  

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This paper uses data from the National Education Longitudinal Study to estimate the association between high school alcohol use and educational attainment measured around age 26. Initially, the effect of alcohol use on educational attainment is estimated using baseline probit models, which ignore the possibility that unmeasured determinants of…

Chatterji, Pinka

2006-01-01

91

Turbulence in Intercultural Communication Education (ICE): Does It Affect Higher Education?  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines a rather neglected context of intercultural education: intercultural communication education (ICE). ICE can be found in different fields such as business, applied linguistics, intercultural communication and health education, amongst others. The authors start by reviewing the latest and ongoing changes…

Dervin, Fred; Tournebise, Céline

2013-01-01

92

Do Disadvantaged Students Have Equal Access to Effective Teaching? NCEE Study Snapshot. NCEE 2014-4001  

Science.gov (United States)

This study snapshot offers a summary of "Access to Effective Teaching for Disadvantaged Students. NCEE 2014-4001," the first report from a study initiated by the U.S. Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences to examine access to effective teaching for disadvantaged students in 29 diverse school districts. The study…

National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2013

2013-01-01

93

Is there a role for affect and emotion in entrepreneurship education?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Questions we care about (Objectives) In this paper we address the question of what role affect can play in entrepreneurship education. In particular we seek to explore how educators can create activities that leverage affect to instigate learning in the students. Approach In the paper we use a single case study to explore the role of affect in entrepreneurial learning. The study focuses on a learning activity involving the creation of a flashmob by the students, as well as the buildup to the flashmob, which included a Lego based exercise. The case study builds on a combination of observation data, interviews with the teacher and the students as well as entries from the students’ learning logs. Results The study shows that the entrepreneurship educator in the case did create platforms for affect that were conducive to entrepreneurial learning. We also found the different platforms created very different patterns of affect. We suggest that these differences are due to differnces in the space in which the learning activity occurs, and the temporal duration of the activity. Implications Our study suggests that entrepreneurship educators can and should seek to address the issue of affect in their teaching. We also provide evidence of how teachers can create learning-conducive platforms. Value/Originality The study bridges theoretical insight into the affective turn and empirical data from an entrepreneurship classroom. This results in useful descriptions of learning activities and the affects created both within and among the students. We also point to challenges and risks involved in leveraging affect in entrepreneurship teaching.

Knudsen, Britta Timm; Robinson, Sarah

94

Factors Affecting Successful Implementation of Responsible Management Education in Ghanaian Business Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Business schools have been criticized failing to acknowledge their role in educating responsible managers thatcould have helped in solving the recent financial crisis that affected corporate institutions. This has resulted in anumber of measures by most business schools in the areas of introduction of responsible management educationcourses. Nevertheless, the general view prevails that business schools as a whole are making only very littleprogress in addressing these critical issues on institutional level. The study therefore examines the key factorsaffecting the implementation of responsible management education in Ghanaian Business Schools.The study revealed that the most important factors affecting business schools authorities’ decisions in theimplementation of the concept of responsible management education were; financial constraints, tensionsbetween the university, business schools and national Accreditation Board (NAB. That is not all, but mostrespondents placed much emphasis on lack of learning environments to promote knowledge, skills and attitudesof students to become responsible business leaders as among the most critical factor affecting theimplementation of responsible management education.Past experience with a CSR agenda and size of the business school were recorded as the least critical factorsidentified as affecting successful implementation of responsible management education.

Alfred Atakoa

2013-09-01

95

Finding Pleasure in Physical Education: A Critical Examination of the Educative Value of Positive Movement Affects  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article I critically examine the dominant educational justifications for physical education (PE) with specific reference to the significance of movement pleasure. I contextualize the discussion in relation to "The New Zealand Curriculum" but acknowledge that the argument developed applies more broadly to Western PE. Many sport pedagogues…

Pringle, Richard

2010-01-01

96

Population Validity for Educational Data Mining Models: A Case Study in Affect Detection  

Science.gov (United States)

Information and communication technology (ICT)-enhanced research methods such as educational data mining (EDM) have allowed researchers to effectively model a broad range of constructs pertaining to the student, moving from traditional assessments of knowledge to assessment of engagement, meta-cognition, strategy and affect. The automated…

Ocumpaugh, Jaclyn; Baker, Ryan; Gowda, Sujith; Heffernan, Neil; Heffernan, Cristina

2014-01-01

97

School and Classroom Goal Structures: Effects on Affective Responses in Physical Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examined the relative impact of school and classroom goal structures on students' affective responses and the mediating role of motivation. The sample of the study consisted of 368 high school students, who completed measures of school and classroom goal structures, motivational regulations in physical education, boredom, and…

Barkoukis, Vassilis; Koidou, Eirini; Tsorbatzoudis, Haralambos; Grouios, George

2012-01-01

98

"Affection in Education": Edward Carpenter, John Addington Symonds and the Politics of Greek Love  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper examines Edward Carpenter's 1899 essay on education that defended the value of powerful same-sex attachments, either between older and younger boys or between teachers and pupils, in the context of Victorian ideologies of same-sex affection. Linda Dowling has described how "a homosexual counterdiscourse able to justify male love in ideal…

Quinn, Josephine Crawley; Brooke, Christopher

2011-01-01

99

A Resource and Reference Bibliography in Early Childhood Education and Developmental Psychology: The Affective Domain.  

Science.gov (United States)

This bibliography provides a comprehensive listing of the reference literature in early childhood (ages 2-9) psychology and education dealing with the affective domain. Categories such as achievement motivation; aggression; anger and frustration; character and moral development; creativity; games; and social behavior are included. One of the 27…

Feldman, Ronald, Comp.; Coopersmith, Stanley, Comp.

100

Adolescents' Cognitive "Habitus", Learning Environments, Affective Outcomes of Schooling, and Young Adults' Educational Attainment  

Science.gov (United States)

A moderation-mediation model was constructed to examine relationships among adolescents' cognitive "habitus" (their cognitive dispositions), learning environments, affective outcomes of schooling, and young adults' educational attainment. Data were collected as part of a longitudinal survey of Australian youth (4,171 females, 3,718 males). The…

Marjoribanks, Kevin

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

An Investigation of Factors Affecting the Use of Educational Technology in Turkish Primary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the related factors that affect the usage of educational technology in primary schools. This study depends on literature analysis and the questionnaire to collect data. Specifically, the items employed in this study were derived from the teachers' and school administrators' perceptions of using…

Kazu, Ibrahim Yasar

2011-01-01

102

Perceptions of Educational Barriers Affecting the Academic Achievement of Latino K-12 Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined different factors affecting the perceptions of barriers in academic achievement of Latino K-12 students. The study used data from 1,508 participants who identified themselves as being of Hispanic or Latino heritage in the 2004 National Survey of Latinos: Education, compiled by the Pew Hispanic Center between August 7 and…

Becerra, David

2012-01-01

103

Factors Affecting Student Attitudes toward Flexible Online Learning in Management Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

In response to recent technological advances and the trend toward flexible learning in education, the authors examined the factors affecting student satisfaction with flexible online learning. The authors identified 2 key student attributes of student satisfaction: (a) positive perceptions of technology in terms of ease of access and use of online…

Drennan, Judy; Kennedy, Jessica; Pisarki, Anne

2005-01-01

104

Statistical Analysis of Different Socio Economic Factors Affecting Education of N-W.F.P (Pakistan)  

Science.gov (United States)

A data of students in the urban and rural area institutions of N-W.F.P (Pakistan) and control group was collected to examine the different socio-economic factor which affects our education system. The logistic regression was applied to analyze the data and to select a parsimonious model. The response variable for the study is literate (illiterate)…

Rahman, Atta Ur; Uddin, Salah

2009-01-01

105

Factors Affecting Individual Education Demand at the Entrance to University: Adnan Menderes University Sample  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this research is to determine the factors affecting individual education demands at the entrance to university. The research is in survey model. The universe of the study consists of 1630 freshmen at the faculties and vocational schools of Adnan Menderes University, Aydin. 574 students from 7 schools were included in the sample. The…

Sarpkaya, Ruhi

2010-01-01

106

Using Rasch Measurement for the Development and Use of Affective Assessments in Science Education Research  

Science.gov (United States)

With the demand for quality quantitative instruments in the field of science education rising, additional measures of currently unassessed affective variables need to be constructed. In this study, we discuss the survey creation and evaluation process of the STEM Awareness Community Survey (SACS) through an application of Liu's (Liu, X.,…

Sondergeld, Toni A.; Johnson, Carla C.

2014-01-01

107

Beyond the Entrepreneurial University: The Potential Role of South Africa's Historically Disadvantaged Institutions in Reconstruction and Development  

Science.gov (United States)

The author identifies two tendencies affecting higher education. On the one hand, universities and colleges are under pressure to become more market-oriented and to respond to rapid changes in information technology and knowledge production. On the other hand, there is a growing concern that they should work for the benefit of society, promoting social equity and responding to community needs. The author argues that partnerships between the community and institutions of higher education are an effective way of contributing to community development. He describes the potential of South Africa's historically disadvantaged institutions to contribute to reconstruction and development in the aftermath of apartheid.

Subotzky, George

1999-11-01

108

VOCATIONAL CHOICES OF SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED ADOLESCENTS IN KANYAKUMARI DISTRICT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Present study was conducted in Kanyakumari District in Tamilnadu with 500 socially disadvantaged adolescents(MBC, SC and ST selected from 11 schools in to assess their vocational preferences (Scientific, Technology, Agriculture, Mass Media, Artistic, Commercial, Medical, Social service, Law and order and Education using career Preference Record constructed and validated by the investigator

S. Sreelatha

2014-05-01

109

Competitive disadvantage makes attitudes towards rape less negative.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evolutionary theorists have argued that perceived competitive disadvantage may lead to more positive evaluation of, and greater likelihood of engaging in, risky and antisocial behavior. However, experimental studies have not yet examined the effects of competitive disadvantage on perceptions of rape. In the current study, we created a manipulation of perceived competitive status to test its effects on beliefs about rape. In one condition, participants were made to feel disadvantaged relative to male peers in terms of financial, physical, and intellectual power, whereas in the other condition they were made to feel advantaged. Participants were 120 heterosexual male undergraduate students. The manipulation was effective; compared to participants in the advantage condition, those in the disadvantage condition rated themselves as significantly worse off financially, shorter, in worse physical shape, and as having lower course marks than the average male student at the university. Compared to perceived competitive advantage, perceived disadvantage led to less negative attitudes towards rape. However, perceived competitive status did not significantly affect justifications and excuses for rape. Future studies using similar experimental manipulations can complement correlational studies and may contribute to greater clarity, precision, and sophistication of research and theory on the role of competitive disadvantage in rape. PMID:22947990

Nunes, Kevin L; Pettersen, Cathrine

2011-01-01

110

Secondary science teachers' use of the affective domain in science education  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore (a) the types of student affective responses that secondary science teachers reported emerged in science classes, (b) how those teachers worked with student affective responses, and (c) what interactions were present in the classroom when they worked with student affective responses. The study was motivated by research indicating that student interest and motivation for learning science is low. Eight secondary science teachers participated in the case study. The participants were selected from a pool of teachers who graduated from the same teacher education program at a large Midwest university. The primary sources of data were individual semi-structured interviews with the participants. Krathwohl's Taxonomy of the Affective Domain served as the research framework for the study. Student affective behavior reported by participants was classified within the five levels of Krathwohl's Affective Taxonomy: receiving, responding, valuing, organization, and characterization. Participants in the study reported student behavior representing all levels of the Affective Taxonomy. The types of behavior most frequently reported by participants were identified with the receiving and responding levels of the Affective Taxonomy. Organization behavior emerged during the study of perceived controversial science topics such as evolution. Participants in the study used student affective behavior to provide feedback on their lesson activities and instructional practices. Classroom interactions identified as collaboration and conversation contributed to the development of responding behavior. The researcher identified a process of affective progression in which teachers encouraged and developed student affective behavior changes from receiving to responding levels of the Affective Taxonomy.

Grauer, Bette L.

111

The Support System in Distance Education:Factors Affecting Achievements Among Women Learners  

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Full Text Available The Support System in Distance Education:Factors Affecting Achievements Among Women Learners Hanafi ATAN Zuraidah A. RAHMAN Omar MAJID Noraida A. GHANIRozhan M IDRUS School of Distance EducationUniversiti Sains Malaysia11800 Penang, MALAYSIA ABSTRACT Distance education has the potential to contribute to the enhancement of women’s development by overcoming not only temporal and spatial barriers but familial commitments as well. It brings education to their home and allows women to learn at their individual pace, seek skills for individual development and at the same time, enables them to fulfill family responsibilities. An important element of distance education is the provision of the learner support system that provides students the access to learning resources and means of communication that would facilitate the array of educational activities and exposure to various other guidance and advisories. This paper reports on the study undertaken to elucidate the dimensions of the support system provided by the School of Distance Education (SDE, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM to its women learners that would have significant impact on their achievements. The factorial analysis conducted revealed that the role of the faculty is the main contributing factor affecting these achievements, followed by the provision of the intensive course, the electronic portal, video conferencing and to a much lesser extent, the existence of the regional centres. The implications of this study are discussed with the view of improving the support system provided by the institution and the need to put into action the necessary strategies to further improve the achievement of the women learners.

Rozhan M IDRUS

2005-10-01

112

Pathways to poor educational outcomes for HIV/AIDS-affected youth in South Africa.  

Science.gov (United States)

A recent systematic review of studies in the developing world has critically examined linkages from familial HIV/AIDS and associated factors such as poverty and child mental health to negative child educational outcomes. In line with several recommendations in the review, the current study modelled relationships between familial HIV/AIDS, poverty, child internalising problems, gender and four educational outcomes: non-enrolment at school, non-attendance, deficits in grade progression and concentration problems. Path analyses reveal no direct associations between familial HIV/AIDS and any of the educational outcomes. Instead, HIV/AIDS-orphanhood or caregiver HIV/AIDS-sickness impacted indirectly on educational outcomes via the poverty and internalising problems that they occasioned. This has implications for evidence-based policy inferences. For instance, by addressing such intervening variables generally, rather than by seeking to target families affected by HIV/AIDS, interventions could avoid exacerbating stigmatisation, while having a more direct and stronger impact on children's educational outcomes. This analytic approach also suggests that future research should seek to identify causal paths, and may include other intervening variables related to poverty (such as child housework and caring responsibilities) or to child mental health (such as stigma and abuse), that are linked to both familial HIV/AIDS and educational outcomes. PMID:23965029

Orkin, Mark; Boyes, Mark E; Cluver, Lucie D; Zhang, Yuning

2014-01-01

113

[Disadvantages of unilateral videothoracoscopic thymectomy].  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors highlight disadvantages of the unilateral videothoracic approach in thymectomy procedures. They present a case-review of a young female patient, indicated for the procedure for myastenia gravis. In these patients, the primary objective is to remove all the thymus tissue and the surrounding adipose tissue within the anterior mediastinum, which, using the above approach cannot always be guaranteed. Considering the number of patients indicated for the procedure based on the above diagnosis, it is inevitable to perform the procedures in specialized centres, experienced with these conditions. PMID:19642340

Tvrdon, J; Schützner, J; Pit'ha, J

2009-05-01

114

Developmental changes in achievement motivation and affect in physical education: Growth trajectories and demographic differences.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: We examined changes in student achievement goals, perceptions of motivational climate and affective responses in secondary school physical education. Method: Greek junior high school students (N ¼ 394; 191 males and 203 females) responded to a multisection questionnaire twice a year from the ages of 12 to 15 years. Results: Multilevel modeling analyses showed significant linear decreases in perceptions of taskinvolving teacher climate, task and ego goal orienta...

Barkoukis, Vassilis; Ntoumanis, Nikos; Thøgersen-ntoumani, Cecilie

2009-01-01

115

Affecting Change? Cultural Politics of Sexuality and «Race»in Norwegian Education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The point of departure for “Affecting change? Cultural politics of sexuality and ‘race’ in Norwegian education” is the reconfiguration of sexual and racial politics in the Norwegian public sphere over the past decade. Both gender equality and homotolerance was transformed from contested political issues to common values that were seen to positively distinguish Norwegian culture in this process. Furthermore, these issues were increasingly taken up to describe both cultural differences ...

Svendsen, Stine Helena Bang

2014-01-01

116

Contextual factors affecting adolescents’ risk for HIV/AIDS infection: Implications for education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The primary aim of this study has been to investigate contextual factors that affect the adolescent’s (especially the young girl’s) risk with regard to HIV/AIDS infection and the implications thereof for education. Initially it was important to conduct an orientational background analysis to provide the necessary background material. The investigation revealed that the number of people living with HIV/AIDS continues to increase and that life expectancy in South Africa may drop dramaticall...

Den Berg, Dirk Nicolaas

2004-01-01

117

Affecting Change in Architecture Education / Can We Do the Right Thing  

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Full Text Available I am impressed but not surprised at how differently Tom, Richard and Iview the question of “affecting change in architectural education.” Tomtook on the more expansive issue of how the broader university might redefineitself through “design thinking” and “design thinkers’” leadership,while Richard gave a concise overview of long held aspirations forarchitectural education and the profession. And I took on architecture’srelationship to society, particularly concerned with “massive societalchanges.” All of us, however, appear to have faith in architecture’sability, using Richard’s words, to “make a difference.” It seems to methat relying on past and even present architecture education models isnot the best strategy.- - - -Change is both pervasive and evasive. In architectural education,evasive may arguably dominate. Although many aspects of change(or the potential therefore might serve as a basis for this discussion,change to mitigate the negative environmental impacts of buildings willbe selected as a case in point. There may be no single issue of greaterlong-term impact facing architectural education and the professions itserves.

Roberta M. Feldman

2012-09-01

118

23 CFR 635.107 - Participation by disadvantaged business enterprises.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Participation by disadvantaged business enterprises. 635.107 Section 635...Participation by disadvantaged business enterprises. (a) The STD...opportunity for disadvantaged business enterprises (DBEs) participating...

2010-04-01

119

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...substantial and chronic social disadvantage in American society...world because of the disadvantage. SBA will consider...circumstances shows disadvantage in entering into or...government contracts or other work, unequal treatment...Socially disadvantaged group inclusion...

2010-01-01

120

A Research on Critical Thinking Tendencies and Factors that Affect Critical Thinking of Higher Education Students  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the relationship between critical thinking tendencies and levels and thefactors that affect the critical thinking tendencies of higher education students. In the study, critical thinkingtendencies of freshman and senior students were analyzed depending on demographic features, faculties anddepartments.The research was done on the students of U?ak University. In the study, the data collected through surveys wereanalyzed through regression analysis in order to determine the effects of the dependent and independentvariables; frequency and percentage values, reliability, item factor analysis, KAISER-MEYER-OLKIN:measure of sampling adequacy test, Bartlett's test of sphericity using SPSS 18.0.

Ramazan Arslan

2014-04-01

 
 
 
 
121

We Feel, Therefore We Learn: The Relevance of Affective and Social Neuroscience to Education  

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Full Text Available Recent advances in neuroscience are highlighting connections between emotion, social functioning, and decision making that have the potential to revolutionize our understanding of the role of affect in education. In particular, the neurobiological evidence suggests that the aspects of cognition that we recruit most heavily in schools, namely learning, attention, memory, decision making, and social functioning, are both profoundly affected by and subsumed within the processes of emotion; we call these aspects emotional thought. Moreover, the evidence from brain-damaged patients suggests the hypothesis that emotion-related processes are required for skills and knowledge to be transferred from the structured school environment to real-world decision making because they provide an emotional rudder to guide judgment and action. Taken together, the evidence we present sketches an account of the neurobiological underpinnings of morality, creativity, and culture, all topics of critical importance to education. Our hope is that a better understanding of the neurobiological relationships between these constructs will provide a new basis for innovation in the design of learning environments.

Mary Helen Immordino-Yang

2011-12-01

122

La educación de la afectividad en los escritos de Augusto Mijares / Education of affectivity in Augusto Mijares  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Es evidente que la afectividad es un elemento a tomar en cuenta en el proceso de educación. Algunas investigaciones recientes muestran la necesidad de armonizar la educación intelectual y la educación de la afectividad para alcanzar una mejor educación del carácter (Goleman, 1996; Nieto y Otero, 200 [...] 4). En este sentido, puede resultar oportuno buscar antecedentes en los pensadores humanistas venezolanos. En esta investigación me pregunto: ¿Qué aportes ofrece Augusto Mijares a la educación de la afectividad? ¿Cuál es la caracterización de la afectividad del venezolano según A. Mijares? ¿Cuál es la propuesta de Mijares para educar mejor la afectividad en Venezuela? Para responder a estas preguntas sigo la metodología del Análisis del Discurso (Van Dijk, 1985; Bolívar, 1995). El corpus está formado por artículos de Mijares publicados en prensa, y los dos discursos de incorporación a las Academias de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, y Venezolana de la Lengua -correspondiente de la Real Academia Española-. Las categorías de análisis son los conceptos de afectividad, virtud de la constancia, educación y perfectibilidad del ser humano; estas categorías se definen desde la perspectiva del Romanticismo según Augusto Mijares. Las categorías se analizan principalmente en las descripciones de personajes históricos, venezolanos, que Mijares relata en sus escritos. Al final de este trabajo, encuentro que Mijares formuló una propuesta para la educación de la afectividad de los venezolanos, y es: Educar en la virtud de la constancia. Pareciera conveniente considerar hoy, en Venezuela, esta alternativa educativa como un medio para armonizar razón y afectividad. La propuesta de Mijares en este corpus invita a continuar profundizando el estudio de la educación de la afectividad en sus obras completas. Abstract in english Affectivity is a relevant element in the educational process. Multidisciplinary international research on character education shows the need for harmonizing intellectual education and the education of affectivity (Goleman, 1996; Nieto y Otero, 2004). In order to find precedents to improve Venezuelan [...] education of affectivity, we must look to teachers that have made a mark in the nation's history. In this article, we explore the contributions of Mijares to the concept of education of affectivity, how he characterizes Venezuelan affectivity, and what is his proposal for improving Venezuelan education for affectivity. Mijares' proposal and his conception of the human being are studied within his Possitivist background and considering the effects of previous Romantic ideas. We conclude that Mijares states a viable alternative for the education of affectivity by educating in the virtue of constancy. It seems convenient to consider this educational alternative today in order to harmonize reason and affectivity.

María Jesús, NIETO; , OTERO.

123

Do EMO-operated Charter Schools Serve Disadvantaged Students? The Influence of State Policies  

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Full Text Available There is a paucity of research about how the policies enacted by states either foster or hinder charter schools’ service to disadvantaged students or how the characteristics of charter schools themselves affect this outcome. By combining data from the US Department of Education’s Schools and Staffing Survey with data on the characteristics of state charter school policies, this article examines how different types of charter schools respond to the policy and market signals established by state charter legislation, and the impact of such signals on the willingness and ability of charter schools to serve disadvantaged student populations. With a sample of 533 charter schools in 13 states, models are estimated to discern whether specific state policies and whether being managed by two types of for-profit educational management organizations (EMOs—large and small ones—encourages or discourages schools from enrolling low-income and minority students. The results suggest that certain policy characteristics are important for encouraging schools to serve low-income and minority students. Specifically, having multiple chartering authorities and requiring the transportation of students are important for explaining charter schools’ service to low-income and minority students. Being managed by a large-EMO was positively but not significantly related to charter schools enrollment of low-income and minority students. The results differed for small-EMO managed schools. Small-EMOs served significantly lower percentages of minority students. The results suggest that not all charter schools are the same and that policy design and organizational form matters for determining whom charter schools will serve.

Natalie Lacireno-Paquet

2004-06-01

124

Ash salts and bodily affects: Witoto environmental knowledge as sexual education  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This letter addresses the indigenous discourse on a set of plant species used by the Witoto Indians of Northwest Amazonia to extract ash or vegetable salt, obtained from the combustion of the tissues of vegetable species, filtering of the ashes, and desiccation of the resulting brine. It aims to demonstrate how the study of the human condition is carried out through a reading of natural entities. The method employed is the indexical analysis of a discourse uttered by the elder Enokakuiodo in the Witoto language from 1995 to 1998, in a verbal genre called rafue, one of several genres of the ‘language of the yard of coca’. The species used to extract ash salt are conceived of as coming from the body of the Creator and as an image of the human body. The rafue of salt performs, in words and gestures, a narrative of human affects and capacities by reading ecological, biological, cultural and linguistic indices from a set of plant species. This discourse on plant species is a discourse on the control and management of bodily affects and capacities, represented as ash salts, that are lessons about sexual development which the Creator left for humanity as a guide—a ‘sexual education’. (letter)

125

Ash salts and bodily affects: Witoto environmental knowledge as sexual education  

Science.gov (United States)

This letter addresses the indigenous discourse on a set of plant species used by the Witoto Indians of Northwest Amazonia to extract ash or vegetable salt, obtained from the combustion of the tissues of vegetable species, filtering of the ashes, and desiccation of the resulting brine. It aims to demonstrate how the study of the human condition is carried out through a reading of natural entities. The method employed is the indexical analysis of a discourse uttered by the elder Enokakuiodo in the Witoto language from 1995 to 1998, in a verbal genre called rafue, one of several genres of the ‘language of the yard of coca’. The species used to extract ash salt are conceived of as coming from the body of the Creator and as an image of the human body. The rafue of salt performs, in words and gestures, a narrative of human affects and capacities by reading ecological, biological, cultural and linguistic indices from a set of plant species. This discourse on plant species is a discourse on the control and management of bodily affects and capacities, represented as ash salts, that are lessons about sexual development which the Creator left for humanity as a guide—a ‘sexual education’.

Alvaro Echeverri, Juan; Enokakuiodo Román-Jitdutjaaño, Oscar

2013-03-01

126

A Modified Extrinsic Affective Simon Task (EAST to Assess the Affective Value of Pictorial Stimuli: No influence of age and educational level  

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Full Text Available There is a range of concepts that are relevant to emotion research that may not be readily captured in words. Therefore, this experiment tested whether the Extrinsic Affective Simon Task (EAST: De Houwer, 2003 can be modified to assess automatic affect using pictorial stimuli. In addition, since the EAST is a relatively complex task, we tested whether the EAST can also be successfully employed in community samples. Participants (n = 60 who varied considerably in age and educational level completed a pictorial version of the EAST. Results show that the pictorial EAST is sensitive to the valence of pictorial stimuli and has an acceptable reliability. However, this pattern of results emerged most clearly in the error data. A task-shifting account for these findings is discussed. The findings underline the potential usefulness of the EAST as a tool for assessing automatic affect, but urge caution with interpreting data that include high error rates.

Jorg Huijding

2005-12-01

127

Advantages and Disadvantages of Individualized Instruction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the use of individualized instruction, known as the personalized system of instruction (PSI), in teaching college physical science courses. Tables summarizing the advantages and disadvantages of PSI from the viewpoints of students, teachers, and administrators are presented. (HM)

Jones, Merriam A.

1977-01-01

128

Collateral Consequences of Violence in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Using data from Addhealth, this study investigates the role of neighborhood violence in mediating the effects of neighborhood disadvantage on high school graduation and teenage pregnancy. Results show that neighborhood violence is a strong predictor of both outcomes, net of individual, family, community, and school controls. Neighborhood violence accounts for almost half the conditional association between neighborhood disadvantage and high school graduation among males and almost all of the ...

Harding, David J.

2009-01-01

129

An investigation into the use of digital technology in adult education - how does it affect roles in adult education?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Adult education and further training in Ire land is currently undergoing reform. The VEC structure is now abolished and it has been rcplaced by Education and Training Boards. Meanwhile digital technology is also being integrated into adult education and bringing about changes of its own. This case study aimed primarily to examinc how thc use of digital tecliiJgy can impact on the roles of those involved ill adult education. In particular, thc focus of the S!!!bl was ~ ro les...

Murphy, Henrietta Clare

2013-01-01

130

AFFECTIVE DIMENSION IN EDUCATION AND AFFECTIVE LEARNING ABSTRACT E??T?MDE DUYU?SAL BOYUT VE DUYU?SAL Ö?RENME  

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Full Text Available In this article affective dimension in education is investigated and information about affective learning is presented in a theoretical framework. The importance of affective dimension in education is emphasized. The place and importance of affect in learning environment has been discussed based on the related literature. In this sense, the relation among the concepts of learning, knowing, emotion and affect was displayed by using different research results. Besides, the difficulties of realizing affective learning and measuring them have also been mentioned in the article. Under the light of the findings obtained from the reviewed literature, it was determined that it was both difficult to realize affective learning and there were barriers in realizing affective objectives. Affective learning takes place not only in schools but also in individuals’ families and their social environments. With the review of the literature, it was determined that learning has a close relation with having interest through the subject the individual learns. Bu çal??mada, e?itimde duyu?sal boyutun üzerinde durulmakta ve duyu?sal ö?renme, kuramsal çerçevede ele al?nmaktad?r. Ö?renme ortam?nda duyu?sal boyutun yeri ve önemi ilgili alan yaz?n? incelenerek ortaya konmu?tur. Bu do?rultuda, farkl? ara?t?rma sonuçlar? bir araya getirilerek; ö?renme, bilme, duygu ve duyu? kavramlar?n?n birbiriyle ili?kileri ortaya ç?kar?lmaya çal???lm??t?r. Benzer biçimde çal??mada duyu?sal ö?renmenin gerçekle?mesi ve bu ö?renmelerin ölçülmesindeki zorluklara da yer verilmi?tir. Yap?lan alan yaz?n? incelemesinin sonucunda duyu?sal e?itim ve duyu?sal ö?renmenin gerçekle?mesinin hem zor oldu?u hem de duyu?sal alana ili?kin hedeflerin gerçekle?tirilmesinin önünde engeller bulundu?u belirlenmi?tir. Duyu?sal ö?renme sadece okulda de?il bireylerin aile ortamlar?nda ve sosyal çevrelerinde de gerçekle?mektedir. Alan yaz?n?n?n incelenmesiyle, bir konuyu ö?renmenin o konuya ilgi duymak ya da o konuyu sevmekle yak?ndan ilgili oldu?u gibi sonuçlara ula??lm??t?r.

Mehmet Nuri GÖMLEKS?Z

2012-01-01

131

Exploring Patterns of Achievement and Intellectual Development among Academically Successful Women from Disadvantaged Backgrounds.  

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Explored the educational experiences of 21 academically successful women who were disadvantaged as children. Results indicate that resilient women who had endured stress as children often developed a highly advanced level of "emotional intelligence" or "interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence." Presents educational strategies for encouraging…

LePage-Lees, Pamela

1997-01-01

132

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...their individual qualities. The social disadvantage must stem from...Singapore, Brunei, Japan, China (including Hong Kong... (3) The presumption of social disadvantage may be overcome...section must establish individual social disadvantage by a...

2010-01-01

133

48 CFR 1552.219-73 - Small Disadvantaged Business Targets.  

Science.gov (United States)

... true Small Disadvantaged Business Targets. 1552.219-73 Section 1552.219-73...219-73 Small Disadvantaged Business Targets. As prescribed in 1519.204(b...clause: Small Disadvantaged Business Targets (OCT 2000) (a) In...

2010-10-01

134

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...their individual qualities. The social disadvantage must stem from circumstances beyond... (3) The presumption of social disadvantage may be overcome with credible evidence...section must establish individual social disadvantage by a preponderance of the...

2010-01-01

135

13 CFR 124.104 - Who is economically disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...ability to compete in the free enterprise system has been...individual claiming economic disadvantage must describe it in a narrative...individual claiming economic disadvantage also must submit separate...of an individual claiming disadvantage must be less than...

2010-01-01

136

The roots of reds: a rationale for the support of educators affected by the HIV and aids pandemic  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The nature of educators’ work has changed dramatically, in part because of the challenges of the HIV and AIDS pandemic. Despite these multiple and relentless challenges which educators contend with, and despite numerous calls for educator empowerment to cope with HIV -related challenges, little has been done up until now to support educators. By reviewing current literature, this article outlines the HIV-altered professional reality of South African educators and makes the argument that affected educators need support to cope. In conclusion, the support programme, Resilient Educators (REds, is introduced as one possible means of educator support. Opsomming Die aard van onderwysers se werk het dramaties verander, deels as gevolg van die uitdagings van die MIV- en Vigspandemie. Ten spyte van hierdie veelvoudige en onverbiddelike uitdagings waarmee onderwysers gekonfronteer word, en ten spyte van die talle oproepe tot onderwyserbemagtiging om die MIV-verwante uitdagings die hoof te bied, is daar tot dusver min gedoen om onderwysers te ondersteun. Deur middel van ’n literatuuroorsig beskryf hierdie artikel die MIV- veranderde professionele werklikheid van Suid-Afrikaanse onderwysers en word daar geargumenteer dat geaffekteerde onderwysers ondersteuning nodig het om die situasie te hanteer. Gevolglik word die ondersteuningsprogram “Resilient Educators (REds” voorgestel as moontlike wyse van onderwyserondersteuning.

CSL Delport

2008-12-01

137

Semblanzas de la línea de investigación: Dominio afectivo en educación matemática / Affective Domain in Mathematics Education  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este trabajo se ofrece información acerca de la Línea de Investigación denominada “Dominio Afectivo en Educación Matemática” (LI-DAEM) y da cuenta del horizonte de posibilidades previstas en sus áreas temáticas y objetivos. En dicha línea está contemplada la inmersión en temas relativos a teorías [...] sobre la enseñanza, el aprendizaje y la evaluación de los contenidos matemáticos, así como el abordaje de aplicaciones, lenguaje matemático, discurso en el aula, interacciones comunicacionales, comportamientos, acciones y pensamientos que se generan en torno a los objetos matemáticos y sus representaciones sociales, materiales o mentales. Ello amerita la consideración de modelos, estrategias, métodos, técnicas y recursos; además requiere la revisión de orientaciones epistemológicas, sociológicas, culturales, psicológicas y paradigmáticas, haciendo énfasis en una multiplicidad de factores tales como creencias, concepciones, sentimientos, emociones y actitudes hacia la Matemática que se manifiestan en torno a la enseñanza, al aprendizaje o la evaluación de los aprendizajes matemáticos, en relación con los cuales también se manifiestan aspectos cognitivos, sociales, culturales, políticos, actuativos, económicos y afectivos debidos a tales procesos. Con base en lo anterior, se mencionan algunas opciones temáticas desde donde se pueden diseñar y poner en marcha investigaciones con cuyos productos se espera contribuir con la práctica, el desarrollo y la teoría relacionada con la Educación Matemática ligada con dichos factores del dominio afectivo, mediante la descripción, comprensión y explicación de situaciones educativas debidas al proceso de adquisición de conocimientos y de producción de saberes en el aula de matemática. Finalmente se mencionan algunos de los estudios documentales y proyectos especiales sustentados en actividades lúdicas, llevados a cabo por investigadores adscritos a LI-DAEM. Abstract in english This paper provides information on the Line of research called "Domain Affective in Mathematics Education" (LI-DAEM) and realizes the horizon of possibilities in their subject areas and objectives. That line is covered immersion in issues concerning theories about teaching, learning and evaluation o [...] f mathematical content, as well as addressing applications, mathematical language, speech in the classroom, communication interactions, behaviors, actions and thoughts generated around objects and their mathematical representations social, physical or mental. That warrants consideration of models, strategies, methods, techniques and resources; also requires the revision of guidelines epistemological, sociological, cultural, psychological and paradigmatic, with an emphasis on a multiplicity of factors such as beliefs, ideas, feelings, emotions and attitudes towards the mathematics that are manifested on teaching, learning and assessment of learning math, on which aspects are also apparent cognitive, social, cultural, political, of action, economic and emotional due to such processes. Based on the foregoing, are some thematic options from which you can design and implement investigations whose products are expected to contribute to the practice, development and theory related to the Math Education linked to such factors affective domain through the description, understanding and explanation of educational situations due to the process of acquisition of knowledge and production skills in the classroom mathematics. Finally mentioned some of the studies documentaries and special projects based on leisure activities, carried out by researchers affiliated with LI-DAEM.

Oswaldo, Martínez Padrón.

138

Disadvantaged populations in maternal health in China who and why?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: China has made impressive progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG for maternal and reproductive health, but ensuring that progress reaches all segments of the population remains a challenge for policy makers. The aim of this review is to map disadvantaged populations in terms of maternal health in China, and to explain the causes of these inequities to promote policy action. Methods: We searched PUBMED, Popline, Proquest and WanFang and included primary studies conducted in mainland China. Experts were also contacted to identify additional studies. Disadvantaged populations in terms of MDG 5 and the reasons for this disadvantage explored by authors were identified and coded based on the conceptual framework developed by the WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health. Results: In China, differences in maternal health service utilization and the maternal mortality ratio among different income groups, and among regions with different socio-economic development still exist, although these differences are narrowing. Groups with low levels of education and ethnic minorities utilize maternal health care less frequently and experience higher maternal mortality, although we could not determine whether these differences have changed in the last decade. Rural-to-urban migrants use maternal health care and contraception to a lower extent than permanent residents of cities, and differential maternal mortality shows a widening trend among these groups. Gender inequity also contributes to the disadvantaged position of women. Intermediary factors that explain these inequities include material circumstances such as long distances to health facilities for women living in remote areas, behavioral factors such as traditional beliefs that result in reduced care seeking among ethnic minorities, and health system determinants such as out-of-pocket payments posing financial barriers for the poor. Conclusions: Inequity in maternal health continues to be an issue worthy of greater programmatic and monitoring efforts in China.

Beibei Yuan

2013-04-01

139

Negative Experiences in Physical Education and Sport: How Much Do They Affect Physical Activity Participation Later in Life?  

Science.gov (United States)

People's feelings toward physical activity are often influenced by memories of their childhood experiences in physical education and sport. Unfortunately, many adults remember negative experiences, which may affect their desire to maintain a physically active lifestyle. A survey that asked 293 students about recollections from their childhood…

Cardinal, Bradley J.; Yan, Zi; Cardinal, Marita K.

2013-01-01

140

What Affects Academic Functioning in Secondary Special Education Students with Serious Emotional and/or Behavioral Problems?  

Science.gov (United States)

Concern is growing over the limited academic progress in special education students with emotional and/or behavioral disorders (EBD). We know little about how academic and behavioral factors interact in these students to affect their academic functioning. Therefore, potential associations were investigated over the course of one school year for…

Mattison, Richard E.; Blader, Joseph C.

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Manipulation of the Self-Determined Learning Environment on Student Motivation and Affect within Secondary Physical Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Secondary physical education (PE) has become a popular area of inquiry because students are not meeting overarching goals of PE programs, are less motivated, and demonstrate negative affect while in class. As such, teachers and researchers are starting to examine pedagogical approaches that support student motivation as a means to alleviate some…

Perlman, Dana

2013-01-01

142

Young smokers' narratives: public health, disadvantage and structural violence.  

Science.gov (United States)

This research article on youth smoking in disadvantaged communities is the product of a qualitative study to understand the issues faced by young smokers--and those trying not to be smokers--in such communities. Environmental factors and peer influence are widely recognised influences on adolescents' take-up and continuation of smoking but less is known about whether, what, how and why circumstances in disadvantaged communities affect young people's pathways towards and away from smoking. Focusing on a youth club in a disadvantaged neighbourhood in the North East of England, narratives about young people's relationships with tobacco provide an ethnographically rich, thick description of the experiences of a group that is too often easily ignored. We argue that young people are caught between competing domains that together exert a form of structural violence. These are, first, the economic and political structures that have overseen de-industrialisation; second, the media structures that create desire for what they cannot afford; third the structures of international organised crime that conspire to provide them with the means to consume from which 'legitimate' structures effectively exclude them. Rather than expecting young people to comply with the health imperative, interventions need to bridge issues of agency and critical consciousness, which structural violence otherwise insidiously erodes. PMID:23145793

Lewis, Sue; Russell, Andrew

2013-06-01

143

Mindfulness, Adult Learning and Therapeutic Education: Integrating the Cognitive and Affective Domains of Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

Although it has been given qualified approval by a number of philosophers of education, the so-called "therapeutic turn" in education has been the subject of criticism by several commentators on post-compulsory and adult learning over the last few years. A key feature of this alleged development in recent educational policy is said to be the…

Hyland, Terry

2010-01-01

144

Learning to Teach Sport Education in Russia: Factors Affecting Model Understanding and Intentions to Teach  

Science.gov (United States)

While remarkably positive findings have been presented in research focusing on Sport Education in school settings, investigations on how preservice teachers learn to teach a new curriculum in physical education have been described as "the missing link" in curriculum research. The purpose of this study was to introduce Sport Education to…

Glotova, Olga Nikolaevna; Hastie, Peter Andrew

2014-01-01

145

The affective (re)production of refugee representations through educational policies and practices: Reconceptualising the role of emotion for peace education in a divided country  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing into a discussion of the politicisation of emotion, this paper develops a framework to analyse some of the processes and strategies by which educational policies and pedagogical practices "emotionalise" the representation of refugees in conflict-ridden societies such as Cyprus and explores the implications for peace education. In particular, this paper aims to refine our understanding of how emotions affect the ways in which educational policies and practices reproduce self-other dichotomies through certain representations of the refugee experience. It is argued that these dichotomies are relevant to the emotional reactions against peace education initiatives. Second, this paper examines alternative possibilities of promoting peaceful coexistence, while taking into consideration the affective (re)production of refugee representations yet without undermining the refugee experience. Better understanding of how emotion is involved will help educational policymakers and teachers in divided societies to take into account the hitherto poorly developed aspects of the ways in which emotions, the refugee experience and peace education are inextricably intertwined.

Zembylas, Michalinos

2012-08-01

146

How Has the Global Economic Crisis Affected People with Different Levels of Education? Education Indicators in Focus. No. 1  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports that between 2008 and 2009, unemployment rates across OECD countries increased among people at all educational levels, but rose to especially troubling heights among people without an upper secondary education. In 2009, the average employment rate across OECD countries was much higher for individuals with a tertiary (i.e.…

OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

147

Legal and Definitional Issues Affecting the Identification and Education of Adults with Specific Learning Disabilities in Adult Education Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the exact prevalence is not determined, a noticeable subset of individuals who enroll in adult education and training programs have either diagnosed or undiagnosed specific learning disabilities (SLD). Understanding SLD is important basic information for adult educators to inform program policies as well as determine effective…

Taymans, Juliana M.

2012-01-01

148

Education and WHO recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake are associated with better cognitive function in a disadvantaged Brazilian elderly population: a population-based cross-sectional study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Brazil has one of the fastest aging populations in the world and the incidence of cognitive impairment in the elderly is expected to increase exponentially. We examined the association between cognitive impairment and fruit and vegetable intake and associated factors in a low-income elderly population. A cross-sectional population-based study was carried out with 1849 individuals aged 65 or over living in São Paulo, Brazil. Cognitive function was assessed using the Community Screening Instrument for Dementia (CSI-D). Fruit and vegetable intake was assessed with a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and categorized into quartiles of intake and into total daily fruit and vegetable intake using the cut-off points for the WHO recommendations (effect modification was found in both models between cognitive impairment and "years of education and physical activity" and "years of education and blood levels of HDL" So that, having 1 or more years of education and being physically active or having 1 or more years of education and levels higher than 50 mg/dl of HDL-cholesterol strongly decreased the prevalence of cognitive impairment. In this socially deprived population with very low levels of education and physical activity and fruit and vegetable intake, those who attained WHO recommendations, had 1 year or more of education and were physically active had a significantly lower prevalence of cognitive impairment. A more comprehensive understanding of the social determinants of mental health is needed to develop effective public policies in developing countries. PMID:24736378

Pastor-Valero, Maria; Furlan-Viebig, Renata; Menezes, Paulo Rossi; da Silva, Simon Almeida; Vallada, Homero; Scazufca, Marcia

2014-01-01

149

Heating up Climate Literacy Education: Understanding Teachers' and Students' Motivational and Affective Response to Climate Change  

Science.gov (United States)

Changing students' ideas about controversial scientific issues, such as human-induced climate change, presents unique challenges for educators (Lombardi & Sinatra, 2010; Sinatra & Mason, 2008). First, climate science is complex and requires "systems thinking," or the ability to think and reason abstractly about emergent systems (Goldstone & Sakamoto, 2003). Appreciating the intricacies of complex systems and emergent processes has proven challenging for students (Chi, 2005). In addition to these challenges, there are specific misconceptions that may lead thinking astray on the issue of global climate change, such as the distinction between weather and climate (Lombardi & Sinatra, 2010). As an example, when students are asked about their views on climate change, they often recall individual storm events or very cold periods and use their personal experiences and recollections of short-term temperature fluctuations to assess whether the planet is warming. Beyond the conceptual difficulties, controversial topics offer another layer of challenge. Such topics are often embedded in complex socio-cultural and political contexts, have a high degree of uncertainty, and may be perceived by individuals as in conflict with their personal or religious beliefs (Levinson, 2006, Sinatra, Kardash, Taasoobshirazi, & Lombardi, 2011). Individuals are often committed to their own views on socio-scientific issues and this commitment may serve as a motivation to actively resist new ideas (Dole & Sinatra, 1998). Individuals may also have strong emotions associated with their misconceptions (Broughton, Pekrun, & Sinatra, 2011). Negative emotions, misconceptions, and resistance do not make a productive combination for learning. Further, teachers who find human-induced climate change implausible have been shown to hold negative emotions about having to teach about climate change (Lombardi & Sinatra, in preparation), which could affect how they present the topic to students. In this presentation, findings from a research program exploring the role of "hot constructs" such as motivation and emotion in teaching and learning about climate change will be shared. In these studies, we have explored constructs such as emotions, misconceptions, plausibility perceptions, understanding deep time, and dispositions towards uncertainty. Results from four studies will be highlighted. In the first study, we demonstrated that comfort with ambiguity and a willingness to think deeply about issues predicted both change in attitudes towards climate change and expressed willingness to take mitigative action in college students (Sinatra, et al. 2011). In another study with college students, we demonstrated that knowledge of deep time and plausibility perceptions of human-induced climate change were related to students' understanding of weather and climate distinctions (Lombardi & Sinatra, 2010). In a study with graduate education students, we found that misconceptions about climate change were associated with strong emotions (Broughton, et al., 2011). With practicing teachers we have found that emotions, specifically anger and hopelessness, were significant predictors of plausibility perceptions of human-induced climate change (Lombardi & Sinatra, in preparation). The implications for climate change education of the findings will be discussed.

Sinatra, G. M.

2011-12-01

150

Factors Affecting the Integration of Information Literacy in the Teaching and Learning Processes of General Education Courses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents the factors affecting the integration of information literacy in the teaching and learning processes of general education courses at an undergraduate level, where information literacy is used as a tool in the student-centered teaching approach. The research was divided into two phases: (1 The study of factors affecting at a policy level – a qualitative research method conducted through an in-depth interview of the vice president for academic affairs and the Director of the General Education Management Center, and (2 The survey of factors affecting in the teaching and learning processes, which is concluded through the questioning of lecturers of general education courses, and librarians. The qualitative data was analyzed on content, and the quantitative data was analyzed through the use of descriptive statistics, weight of score prioritization and percentage. Two major categories were found to have an impact on integrating information literacy in the teaching and learning of general education courses at an undergraduate level. (1 Six factors at a policy level, namely, institutional policy, administrative structure and system, administrators’ roles, resources and infrastructures, learning resources and supporting programs, and teacher evaluation and development. (2 There are eleven instructional factors: roles of lecturers, roles of librarians, roles of learners, knowledge and understanding of information literacy of lecturers and librarians, cooperation between librarians and lecturers, learning outcomes, teaching plans, teaching methods, teaching activities, teaching aids, and student assessment and evaluation.

Therdsak Maitaouthong

2011-11-01

151

Does schooling affect health behavior? Evidence from the educational expansion in Western Germany  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

During the postwar period German states pursued policies to increase the share of young Germans obtaining a university entrance diploma (Abitur) by building more academic track schools, but the timing of educational expansion differed between states. This creates exogenous variation in the availability of higher education, which allows estimating the causal effect of education on health behaviors. Using the number of academic track schools in a state as an instrumental variable for years of s...

Ju?rges, Hendrik; Reinhold, Steffen; Salm, Martin

2009-01-01

152

Does schooling affect health behavior? Evidence from educational expansion in Western Germany  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

During the postwar period German states pursued policies to increase the share of young Germans obtaining a university entrance diploma (Abitur) by building more academic track schools, but the timing of educational expansion differed between states. This creates exogenous variation in the availability of higher education, which allows estimating the causal effect of education on health behaviors. Using the number of academic track schools in a state as an instrumental variable for years of s...

Ju?rges, Hendrik; Reinhold, Steffen; Salm, Martin

2009-01-01

153

Collateral Consequences of Violence in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods  

Science.gov (United States)

Using data from Add Health, this study investigates the role of neighborhood violence in mediating the effects of neighborhood disadvantage on high school graduation and teenage pregnancy. Results show that neighborhood violence is a strong predictor of both outcomes, net of individual, family, community and school controls. Neighborhood violence…

Harding, David J.

2009-01-01

154

Curriculum Building; Affective Development re. Competency Based Teacher Education. TTL-001.02 (USC).  

Science.gov (United States)

This module is designed to assist a participant in evolving the organization of a value system that supports competency-based teacher education (CBTE). The enabling objectives for this module are as follows: (a) the participant recognizes the elements of CBTE by entering into discussions about new ideas in teacher education and by responding…

Heffernan-Cabrera, Patricia; Tikunoff, William John

155

The Factors Affecting Definition of Research Problems in Educational Technology Researches  

Science.gov (United States)

Research problems in a scientific research are formed after a certain process. This process starts with defining a research topic and transforms into a specific research problem or hypothesis. The aim of this study was to examine the way educational technology researchers identify their research problems. To this end, sources that educational

Bahçekapili, Ekrem; Bahçekapili, Tugba; Fis Erümit, Semra; Göktas, Yüksel; Sözbilir, Mustafa

2013-01-01

156

Factors Affecting the Decision to Merge: The Case of Strategic Mergers in Norwegian Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Much research has been undertaken to investigate the cultural, structural and, to some extent, the economic effects of mergers in higher education. However, surprisingly little research has been done on why higher education institutions decide to merge. This article identifies and discusses a number of structural factors that may play a role when…

Kyvik, Svein; Stensaker, Bjørn

2013-01-01

157

Role Playing in Physical Education to Teach in the Affective Domain  

Science.gov (United States)

Using role playing during physical education provides limitless opportunities for intervention and for the demonstration of personal and social qualities. The purpose of this article is to provide easy steps for implementing role playing as a strategy to teach social skills to students in the physical education setting.

Samalot-Rivera, Amaury

2014-01-01

158

The role of initial affective impressions in responses to educational communications: the case of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS).  

Science.gov (United States)

Emerging technologies promise potential benefits at a potential cost. Developers of educational communications aim to improve people's understanding and to facilitate public debate. However, even relatively uninformed recipients may have initial feelings that are difficult to change. We report that people's initial affective impressions about carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), a low-carbon coal-based electricity-generation technology with which most people are unfamiliar, influences how they interpret previously validated education materials. As a result, even individuals who had originally self-identified as uninformed persisted in their initial feelings after reading the educational communication-though perseverance of feelings about CCS was stronger among recipients who had originally self-identified as relatively informed (Study 1). Moreover, uninformed recipients whose initial feelings were experimentally manipulated by relatively uninformative pro-CCS or anti-CCS arguments persisted in their manipulated feelings after reading the educational communication, due to evaluating the educational communication in line with their manipulated impressions (Study 2). Hence, our results suggest that educational communications will have more impact if they are disseminated before people form strong feelings about the topic under consideration, especially if these are based on little to no factual understanding. PMID:24708355

Bruine de Bruin, Wändi; Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle

2014-06-01

159

Whose education affects a child's nutritional status? From parents' to household's education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND The paper engages in the ongoing debate regarding the determinants of child nutrition in developing countries and stresses the potential contribution of the education of household members other than the child's parents. OBJECTIVE The aim of the paper is threefold: (1 to verify whether there is evidence of the key role of parents' education for children's nutrition; (2 to explore the possible presence of the externalities generated by the literacy of household members different from the child's parents; (3 to test whether there is difference in the influence of these variables on the two indicators of child nutrition, child height-for-age and weight-for-age. METHODS The determinants of child nutrition were analyzed by estimating a series of econometric models through OLS regressions applied on data from the 2003 DHS survey in Mozambique. By means of seemingly unrelated regression together with formal testing we compared the impact of the covariates on the two outcomes. RESULTS In line with previous studies, we find that one year of mother's education increases their children's height-for-age and weight-for-age z-scores by nearly 0.025 and 0.015. The presence of another literate household member has a significant, though limited, effect on child height while it has no influence on child weight. Lastly, there is no statistically significant difference in the effect of parents' education on the two indicators while our measure of proximate literacy has a significantly larger impact on child height. CONCLUSIONS These findings should orient policy-makers toward income-augmenting and education-enhancing policies: the importance of non-parents' literacy opens a further space for investment in education.

Francesco Burchi

2012-11-01

160

A Story of Conflict and Collaboration: Media Literacy, Video Production and Disadvantaged Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

Media literacy educators talk about the importance of developing essential social skills, such as collaboration, by using video production in the classroom. Video production with disadvantaged youth can also play a role of art therapy, as students use their creativity to come to terms with traumatizing pasts. This paper offers an account of a…

Friesem, Elizaveta

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Arts Integration and the Success of Disadvantaged Students: A Research Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

Does arts integration contribute to student success for disadvantaged student populations? The introduction to this article compares students' academic performance and arts education in countries outperforming the United States on the recent Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and Progress in International Reading…

Robinson, A. Helene

2013-01-01

162

Impressions of Disadvantage: I-- School versus University Study Orchestration and Consequences for Academic Support.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study investigated study habits of 154 educationally disadvantaged engineering students enrolled in developmental studies programs in 3 South African universities. Aspects examined include entry skills, study patterns throughout the first year, and characteristics of students whose study habits changed over time. Implications for admission and…

Meyer, J. H. F.; And Others

1992-01-01

163

Raising School Performance in the League Tables (Part 1): Disentangling the Effects of Social Disadvantage.  

Science.gov (United States)

Uses existing data to investigate differences in the rate that schools improved General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) examination results from 1991-98. Finds two variables impacted examination improvement: (1) low concentration of social disadvantage relative to other local schools; and (2) starting from a low base level of GCSE…

Levacic, Rosalind; Woods, Philip A.

2002-01-01

164

Inspire a Disadvantaged Child: Be That One Light in the Darkness  

Science.gov (United States)

The prevailing expectation in education today is, "All children can learn." This expectation includes all children, including disadvantaged children and those who come from poverty. Our actions are guided by our expectations. If we believe that all children can learn, then children can learn. If we believe that children cannot learn, then our self…

Costley, Kevin C.

2006-01-01

165

The Impact of Maternal Cocaine Use on Neonates in Socioeconomic Disadvantaged Population.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews literature on prevalence, mechanisms of fetal toxicity, effects of exposure, socioeconomic factors, and social-support programs to increase awareness of the effects of prenatal exposure to cocaine. Emphasizes the need for drug education and social-support programs for disadvantaged pregnant women to prevent and control cocaine use. (EMK)

Sun, Wei Yue; Chen, William

1997-01-01

166

The Effects of Cartoon Characters as Motivators of Preschool Disadvantaged Children. Final Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study designed to test effects of cartoon characters on the behavior of preschool disadvantaged children in an educational setting explored the use of cartoons as complementary additions to work materials. Because the 83 Head Start subjects had not been introduced to the alphabet an experimental set of worksheets was made which used the 26…

Gill, Robert; And Others

167

Higher Education and Health Investments: Does More Schooling Affect Preventive Health Care Use??  

Science.gov (United States)

While it is well-known that individuals with higher levels of education consume more preventive medical care, there are several potential explanations for this stylized fact. These explanations include causal and non-causal mechanisms, and distinguishing among explanations is relevant for accessing the importance of educational spillovers on lifetime health outcomes as well as uncovering the determinants of preventive care. In this paper, we use regression analysis, sibling fixed effects, and matching estimators to examine the impact of education on preventive care. In particular, we use a cohort of 10,000 Wisconsin high school graduates that has been followed for nearly 50 years and find evidence that attending college is associated with an increase in the likelihood of using several types of preventive care by approximately five to fifteen percent for college attendees in the early 1960s. We also find that greater education may influence preventive care partly through occupational channels and access to care. These findings suggest that increases in education have the potential to spillover on long-term health choices. PMID:22368727

Fletcher, Jason M.; Frisvold, David E.

2012-01-01

168

The effect of a structured problem solving strategy on performance and conceptual understanding in physics : a study in disadvantaged South African schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study extended existing research on structured problem solving into disadvantaged South African classrooms. Sixteen disadvantaged urban South African high schools participated in a quasi-experimental study to investigate the effect of a structured problem solving strategy in physics on performance and conceptual understanding. The schools were disadvantaged with regard to standards set by the apartheid education system as well as by instruction in English, the second language of the stud...

Gaigher, Estelle

2004-01-01

169

The science of memory - and how it should affect design of games for outside education  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Games are great for learning. They inspire, engage and most importantly of all, they are different from other activities at school. We remember good experiences in unusual settings, and may mentally time-travel back to them again and again. With mobile phones as platforms for games and drama in education, great memories can now be shaped on the go. And of course we need memory to learn. Modern psychology is ripe with information about how we remember and forget the world around us, but for historical reasons, all this useful knowledge rarely reaches teachers or designers of educational games.

Lieberoth, Andreas

2012-01-01

170

The gap between advantaged and disadvantaged students in science achievement in South African secondary schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

South Africa’s education system is still deep in the throes of reform under its third Minister of Education since 1994. Poor communities, in particular those of rural Africans, bear the brunt of the past inequalities. The challenge was to explore the extent of the ‘‘gap’’ in students’ scores by comparing the advantaged and disadvantaged communities in this context. The TIMSS-Repeat 1999 data were explored and 3 categories of students were ultimately identified: advantaged, s...

Howie, Sarah J.; Scherman, Vanessa; Venter, Elsie

2008-01-01

171

Political Definitions in Research and Educational Programs That Affect Immigrant Children in Hawaii.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this review of studies and programs relating to immigrant children enrolled in public schools in Hawaii, it is suggested that ways in which immigrant children are described has political significance and evaluative implications. Four problems facing immigrant youth were identified by the Hawaii Department of Education. The major problem was…

Agbayani, Amefil

172

From "Therapeutic" to Political Education: The Centrality of Affective Sensibility in Critical Pedagogy  

Science.gov (United States)

While the need for humanising education is pressing in neoliberal societies, the conditions for its possibility in formal institutions have become particularly cramped. A constellation of factors--the strength of neoliberal ideologies, the corporatisation of universities, the conflation of human freedom with consumer satisfaction and a wider…

Amsler, Sarah S.

2011-01-01

173

Does Cost of Schooling Affect Enrollment by the Poor? Universal Primary Education in Uganda.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evaluates the impact of Uganda's program of "Universal Primary Education," which, starting from 1997, dispensed with fees for primary enrollment. Finds, for example, that while the program was associated with a dramatic increase in primary school attendance and that inequalities in attendance related to gender, income, and region were…

Deininger, Klaus

2003-01-01

174

How Do Professional Mutual Recognition Agreements Affect Higher Education? Examining Regional Policy in North America  

Science.gov (United States)

Professional mutual recognition agreements (MRAs) are one of the policy instruments employed in global and regional trade agreements to facilitate the mobility of skilled labour. While such agreements have been noted in the literature examining cross-border academic mobility, little is known about how they impact higher education. This paper…

Sa, Creso; Gaviria, Patricia

2011-01-01

175

Factors Affecting the Impact of Teacher Education Programmes on Teacher Preparedness: Implications for Accreditation Policy  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to provide guidance to policy-makers about the standards that might be appropriate for accrediting teacher education programmes. The study was commissioned by the Victorian Institute of Teaching (VIT), a statutory body established in 2001 by the Victorian state government with responsibility for the registration…

Ingvarson, Lawrence; Beavis, Adrian; Kleinhenz, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

176

How Marketing Practices Affect Education: A Comparative Case Study of Canada, the United States and Australia  

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This paper examines the theory and practice of the commercialization of education in Canada, using comparative examples from the United States and Australia. Critical theory provides the framework for the study. From the broad focus of business practice, the examination is narrowed down to marketing, and even further to branding, at all levels,…

Eaton, Sarah Elaine; Goddard, J. Tim

2007-01-01

177

A Point-of-Purchase Intervention Featuring In-Person Supermarket Education Affects Healthful Food Purchases  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: This study tested the efficacy of a multicomponent supermarket point-of-purchase intervention featuring in-person nutrition education on the nutrient composition of food purchases. Design: The design was a randomized trial comparing the intervention with usual care (no treatment). Setting and Participants: A supermarket in a…

Milliron, Brandy-Joe; Woolf, Kathleen; Appelhans, Bradley M.

2012-01-01

178

Educational Transfer in Situations Affected by Conflict: Towards a Common Research Endeavour  

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This article argues that the field of education and conflict is, in many ways, "stuck in its emergence" because it has yet to develop common theoretical understandings, useful analytical tools, and shared conceptual frameworks to unify and sustain a mutual endeavour by scholars working on a diverse range of topics and cases. In a curious,…

Rappleye, Jeremy; Paulson, Julia

2007-01-01

179

Special Needs Characteristics of Children with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders that Affect Inclusion in Regular Education  

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The aim of this study is to determine the discriminating special needs characteristics of children with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) that predict restrictiveness of placement in special education. The focus is on dynamic factors instead of static factors. To this end, 235 children with EBD in special schools and 111 children with EBD…

Stoutjesdijk, Regina; Scholte, Evert M.; Swaab, Hanna

2012-01-01

180

Instructional Media Choice: Factors Affecting the Preferences of Distance Education Coordinators  

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This article examines the impact of several variables on media choice among 51 distance education course coordinators at the Open University of Israel. Hypotheses were drawn from Media Richness Theory (Daft & Lengel, 1984), Social Influence Theory (Fulk, 1993), Media Symbolism (Trevino, Lengel & Daft, 1987), and Experience Account (King & Xia,…

Caspi, Avner; Gorsky, Paul

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Analysis of factors affecting rehospitalization of patients with chronic kidney disease after educational hospitalization  

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Full Text Available Eiji Kose,1 Taesong An,2 Akihiko Kikkawa,2 Yoshiaki Matsumoto,3 Hiroyuki Hayashi1 1Department of Pharmacotherapy, School of Pharmacy, Nihon University, Funabashi, 2Yokosuka Kyousai Hospital, Yokosuka, 3Department of Clinical Pharmacokinetics, School of Pharmacy, Nihon University, Funabashi, Japan Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease complications. Therefore, medical institutions conduct educational hospitalization for early treatment and education of CKD patients. However, patients who have been discharged after achieving educational targets can end up showing poor symptoms at home. There also have been several cases of rehospitalization or disease aggravation. In this study, we analyzed rehospitalized patients who were discharged from the hospital after CKD educational hospitalization and investigated the purpose of analyzing rehospitalization factors. Materials and methods: This was an observational case-control study conducted at Yokosuka Kyousai Hospital. We performed univariate analysis using patient background features and laboratory data between a rehospitalization group and a no-rehospitalization group. Next, we performed multiple logistic regression analysis using the results of the univariate analysis. Results: From the results of this study, we identified independent risk factors, such as serum albumin level, heart-failure complications, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR. Moreover, the serum Alb level was identified as the most important risk factor for rehospitalization. Therefore, we considered that it is important to live a life that makes it possible to maintain CKD stage G3b for a long time after discharge, because the cutoff level of eGFR is 31 mL/minute/1.73 m2. Conclusion: We believe that it is important to educate patients, their families, and medical staff on the importance of early detection and treatment, and we consider that this approach is important to inclusively protect the kidney. Keywords: albumin, glomerular filtration rate, cardiovascular disease, stages of chronic kidney disease

Kose E

2014-04-01

182

Disadvantages of Preferential Dispersals in Fluctuating Environments  

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It has not been known whether preferential dispersal is adaptive in fluctuating environments. We investigate the effect of preferential and random dispersals in bet-hedging systems by using a discrete stochastic metapopulation model, where each site fluctuates between good and bad environments with temporal correlation. To explore the optimal migration pattern, an analytical estimation of the total growth is derived by mean field approximation. We found that the preference for fertile sites is disadvantageous when transportation among sites has a cost or the sensitivity of preference is high.

Morita, Satoru

2014-01-01

183

Social disadvantage and asthma control in children.  

Science.gov (United States)

This review discusses various aspects of social disadvantage and their association with poor asthma control, including socioeconomic status, exposure to psychosocial stress and violence, minority affiliation, environmental concerns such as allergens and pollution, and poverty in rural settings. Each of these elements has been linked with worsened asthma outcomes in children. Known and hypothesized mechanisms behind these associations are described in an effort to further understand the complex entity of poorly controlled asthma among socially deprived children. Intervention studies to improve asthma outcomes in these vulnerable populations are also described. PMID:24928775

Kopel, Lianne S; Phipatanakul, Wanda; Gaffin, Jonathan M

2014-09-01

184

Clinical placements for medical students: factors affecting patients' involvement in medical education.  

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Many medical students now have contact with patients from the very beginning of their course and the increasing numbers of medical students means that more and more patients will be exposed to students during their medical treatment. This paper presents the attitudes of 281 patients towards medical students encountered in a primary or secondary care setting. Particular attention is paid to consent, types of procedures undertaken and the title given to the medical student. The study showed that the likelihood of patients agreeing to be involved in medical education depended on the patient, the student and the procedure being undertaken. Recommendations have been made to the university on the basis of the results with the aim of maximizing patient involvement and satisfaction in order to further medical student education. PMID:15203518

Chipp, Elizabeth; Stoneley, Sarah; Cooper, Kate

2004-03-01

185

Factors affecting the current status of transfusion medicine education in South Africa.  

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Education in transfusion medicine, aimed at clinical transfusion practice, is limited in most South African pre- and postgraduate medical training programs. A number of local and global factors impact on the need for and provision of transfusion medicine education programs in South Africa, which are discussed in this paper. A perspective is provided on the effects of issues such as global versus local training need, blood safety, appropriate use of blood in resource-restrained environments, the presence or absence of national blood policies, standardization of training, medical migration and workforce diversity. Harnessing support for the development of training programs for medical doctors and new opportunities for developing a career in transfusion medicine are discussed. Commentary is also provided on online learning, social networking and integration of modern paradigms of learning, such as screencasting and online learning, into teaching programs. This article should provide anyone in medical education or program development, in particular in the field of transfusion medicine, with an indication of the factors that should be considered when embarking on such an endeavor. PMID:23743009

Louw, Vernon J; Nel, Marietjie M; Hay, John F

2013-12-01

186

Patient Education Level Affects Functionality and Long Term Mortality After Major Lower Extremity Amputation  

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Background In this study, we examine the relationship between level of education of patients and five year mortality following major lower extremity amputation. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients who underwent above- or below-knee amputation at the Nashville VA by the vascular surgery service between January 2000 and August 2006. Formal level of education of the study patients was recorded. Outcomes were compared between those patients who had completed high school and those who had not. Bivariate analysis using chi-square and student's t-test, and multivariable logistic regression were performed. Results Five year mortality for patients who completed high school was lower than those who had not completed high school (62.6% vs. 84.3%; p = 0.001), even after adjusting for important clinical factors (Odds Ratio of death = 0.377, 95% CI 0.164 – 0.868 p=0.022). Conclusions Patients with less education have increased long term mortality following lower extremity amputation. PMID:22906244

Corey, Michael R.; Julien, Jamii St; Miller, Carly; Fisher, Bryan; Cederstrand, Sara L.; Nylander, William A.; Guzman, Raul J.; Dattilo, Jeffery B.

2014-01-01

187

How Features of Educational Technology Applications Affect Student Reading Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis  

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The purpose of this review is to learn from rigorous evaluations of alternative technology applications how features of using technology programs and characteristics of their evaluations affect reading outcomes for students in grades K-12. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards.…

Cheung, Alan C. K.; Slavin, Robert E.

2012-01-01

188

Musical Meaning in the Lives of Those Affected by the Holocaust: Implications for Music Education  

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This qualitative study investigated the role of music in the lives of those affected by the Holocaust. Participants were identified through purposeful and snowball sampling techniques, and a total of five were selected based on their connection to the Holocaust. Participants included those incarcerated in camps and ghettos, those who escaped…

Cunningham, Deborah A.

2014-01-01

189

How evaluation processes affect the professional development of five teachers in higher education  

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Full Text Available This paper presents research that investigates the nature of the connection between the professional development of five teachers in higher education and the evaluation processes they have to undergo. Since teaching, scholarship, and service are the three components that evaluation measures, this research examines how the teachers’ professional development was reflected in these components, and how they viewed the connection between their professional activities and the evaluation process. One conclusion states that while the  evaluation process is intimidating and taxing, it develops the skills for the teaching component. The contribution stems principally from a mentoring channel, which enables teachers to receive counseling and guidance from experienced veteran colleagues. Mentoring encourages the teachers and prompts them to seek advice, study, scrutinize their work methods, and improve the quality of their teaching. Another conclusion reveals that during the first years of work in higher education, evaluation was not found to influence activity in the scholarship and service components. The evaluation requirements notwithstanding, the extent of the activity in these components was limited and non-intensive as a result of the teachers’ focus on teaching. Professional development deepens and expands as seniority increases and confidence in one’s teaching abilities grow. Despite the limited scale of the study, the research conclusions may serve as recommendations for institutions of higher education to consider providing a mentoring channel for the teachers who are in their first years of academic work. Furthermore, institutions should demonstrate flexibility vis-à-vis the extent and depth of such individuals’ activity in scholarship and services when evaluating them. Another recommendation is to encourage institutions to take into account the advantages of veteran teachers, and the fact that professional activities deepen and expand as seniority increases.

Leah Shagrir

2012-02-01

190

A Preliminary Investigation of Factors Affecting Educational Attainment of Children of Divorce.  

Science.gov (United States)

The total number of children affected by divorce has more than tripled since 1960, even though the total number of children has declined from the 1970s to the 1980s. In 1988 female-headed households with children and no spouse present constituted 44.7 percent of all families at or below the poverty level. The purpose of this paper is to show that…

Tors, Barbara

191

Identifying the Principal Factors Affecting the Selection of Higher Education Economical Studies in Greece  

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Full Text Available This paper presents a study of the factors affecting the selections of university departments for undergraduate studies made by high school graduates in Greece; crucial decisions affecting both the vocational career of the individuals as well as the labor market at national level. It is therefore important for the economic development of a country to understand how people come early to decisions that have a significant effect in their career. The factors under consideration have been identified by the high school candidates for university introductory exams in Greece. A methodology is introduced based on correspondence analysis for estimating the importance of the factors affecting a certain outcome and a structured questionnaire has been designed for this purpose, covering several socioeconomic factors which were considered as important by the students in their decision making procedure. The methodology is then used to estimate the impact of 18 factors influencing the order of preference of 318 male and 454 female high school students in their final selection of economical university departments. The paper also reveals whether there is any differentiation or harmonization among groups of students, such as between the two genders, with respect to these factors.

Odysseas Moschidis

2013-01-01

192

The Effects of Ecology-Based Summer Nature Education Program on Primary School Students' Environmental Knowledge, Environmental Affect and Responsible Environmental Behavior  

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The purpose of the study was to assess the effects of ecology-based nature education program on elementary school students' environmental knowledge, environmental affect, and responsible environmental behavior. A total number of 64 elementary school students including 26 females and 38 males who participated in summer natural education organized…

Erdogan, Mehmet

2011-01-01

193

Factors that Affect the Decision of Refugee and Immigrant Students to Pursue Higher Education in Tennessee: The Case of Egyptian, Somali, Kurdish and Mexican Students  

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Refugee and immigrant students face challenges in pursuing higher education. This study examined factors that affect the decision of refugees and immigrant students to pursue higher education in Tennessee. The factors included cultural capital these students acquire from their parents and families; cultural difference they have with the mainstream…

Weldegebriel, Mengistu H.

2011-01-01

194

Factors affecting African American men's use of online colorectal cancer education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence rates have decreased due to the increased use of CRC screenings that permit the detection and removal of polyps. However, CRC is still the second most common cause of cancer death among men ages 40 to 79 years; incidence and mortality rates for CRC are higher among African American (AA) men than among white men and AA women. CRC screening rates for AA men are comparable to their counterparts of other racial groups, but adherence to the screening guidelines is less, contributing to disparities in CRC mortality. Internet use is widespread and could be a channel to reach and disseminate health information to AA men; however, there are disparities in Internet use, and limited literature exists on how to best address this divide. This pilot project sought to understand African American male attitudes on colorectal cancer screening (CRCS), receipt of CRCS information, and the best strategy to provide African American men online CRCS education. Three focus groups and a feasibility trial were completed with African American men, ages of 45 to 75. Data suggest that disseminating information online is not a very effective way to reach older African American men with limited education. Although we do not recommend using websites among this population, email was more effective in getting participants to the website even though participants expressed a preference for phone messages. Recommendations for future research are provided. PMID:23943278

Cogbill, Salimah; Francis, Brittney; Sanders Thompson, Vetta L

2014-03-01

195

“Don't affect the share price”: social media policy in higher education as reputation management  

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Full Text Available The last 5 years have seen a growing number of universities use social media services such as Twitter, Facebook and YouTube to engage with past, present and prospective students. More recently still, a number of universities have published policy or guidance documents on the use of social media for a range of university-related purposes including learning, teaching and assessment. This study considers the social media policies of 14 universities in the United Kingdom (UK that are currently in the public domain. It addresses some of the ways in which Higher Education Institutions (HEIs are responding to both the positive potential of social media as well as its perceived threats. Drawing inspiration, if not actual method, from critical discourse analysis, this study argues that marketisation has been the main policy driver with many social media policies being developed to promote university “brands” as well as protect institutional reputation. The creation and implementation of social media policies are therefore playing a role in helping universities manage both the risks and the benefits of social media in the context of an increasingly marketised Higher Education (HE environment in which protecting institutional reputation has become a priority. However, in the defence of the metaphorical institutional “share price”, some policies constrain both academic autonomy and the possibilities for innovation and risk-taking.

Tony McNeill

2012-08-01

196

Reassembling the "Environment": Science, Affect, and Multispecies Educative Practice at the Aquarium of the Pacific  

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Drawing on 14 months of ethnographic fieldwork at the Aquarium of the Pacific and Michel Foucault's governmentality and biopolitics as an overarching theoretical frame, this dissertation engages in a political ecological analysis to explore how the institution, its staff, and nonhumans work to produce various sorts of knowledge about the environment. I argue that the educative assemblages imagined and formed there, which are intimately linked to institutional fiscal survivability, politically deploy nonhuman animals in the Aquarium's "edutainment" project. Through the use of storytelling as a pedagogical tool to entertain, invoke compassion, and convey science to the public, staff encourage guests to have tactile, auditory, and visual encounters with live ocean creatures in order to construct a natural world worthy of being saved, due to its instrumental and intrinsic value. I show how this public conservation re-education project attempts to highlight the voices of the animals being represented there, but not necessarily the voices of the animals actually residing there. I also draw out the implications of these representative practices and argue that the institution ought to utilize staff-nonhuman relationships, which are grounded in care and empathy, as a framework for developing visitor-nonhuman relationships.

Lloro-Bidart, Teresa Katrina

197

48 CFR 52.219-26 - Small Disadvantaged Business Participation Program-Incentive Subcontracting.  

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...Small Disadvantaged Business Participation Program...small disadvantaged business concerns in the North American Industry Classification...small disadvantaged business concerns in the...offer during contract negotiations)....

2010-10-01

198

Inequity in the Provision of Public Bus Service for Socially Disadvantaged Groups  

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Full Text Available Neo-classical economic doctrine dominating governmental policies shows its impact on recent transport policies, causing these policies; tend to base on demand and efficiency criteria instead of equity concerns. Public transit operating for remote areas is less cost-effective eventually leading to have a low level of service quality. In metropolitan areas of developing countries, a large part of socially disadvantaged and vulnerable groups live in outer suburban locations not in the inner-city. Transit equity evaluation is required by in order to consider the requirements of more vulnerable populations, as well as to foster equal benefits. The evaluation approach is based on highlighting the spatial distribution and clustering patterns of bus network and service as well as some disadvantaged social groups including unemployed, migrated, less educated, elderly, young, and disabled. The hypothesis is that vulnerable groups and economically disadvantaged communities receive a less than equal share of public bus services. The findings show that poor accessibility is associated both with low-income neighborhoods and with neighborhoods with disproportionately high populations of migrated, less-educated, unemployed and low-income groups. Modifications need to make in transport planning and policy system to achieve a better distribution of public transport services in hope of increasing level of service for minority groups and economically disadvantaged communities.

Ali Soltani

2011-09-01

199

Education majors' expectations and reported experiences with inquiry-based physics: Implications for student affect  

Science.gov (United States)

To address a perennial need to provide K-8 teachers with a solid foundation in science, there are many physics content courses throughout the United States. One such course is Physics and Astronomy for Teachers (PAT), which relies heavily on active-learning strategies. Although PAT is successful in teaching physics content, students sometimes report dissatisfaction with the course. Such instances of poor affect are worrisome because they may influence how teachers present science in their own classrooms. Therefore, this study investigates students’ affect in terms of their pedagogical expectations and potential personal learning outcomes with respect to PAT. Two sections of PAT, each containing approximately 40 students, were observed. Students in those sections were surveyed, and a sample were interviewed (N=10). An analysis of the data in terms of an expectancy violation framework shows that while students’ expectations regarding the hands-on and interactive components of PAT were met, they received substantially fewer lectures, class discussions, and opportunities to make class presentations than they had expected, even after they had been presented with the course syllabus and informed about the specific nature of the course. Additionally, students expected PAT to be more directly linked with their future teaching careers and therefore expected more opportunities to practice teaching science than they reported receiving. This investigation serves as a case study to provide insight into why students are sometimes frustrated and confused when first encountering active-learning classes, and it implies that instructors should be cognizant of those feelings and devote resources toward explicit orientation that emphasizes the purpose of the course and reasons behind their pedagogical choices.

Gaffney, Jon D. H.

2013-06-01

200

A Reflection on The Aesthetic Experience and Its Affection in Moral Education  

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Full Text Available

Aesthetic is the branch of philosophy that is discussed about the perception issues including beauty, such as aesthetic experience. John Dewey as a natural philosopher, shared the twentieth century with the possibility of an empirically grounded ethics. There is much to learn from Dewey about how to proceed in an aesthetic experience in quire about morality, so it is important to explore the relation between Dewey's ethics and his aesthetic experience. This essay with analytical method is an effort to explore this relation. The result showed that Aesthetic experience, response to the demand of feeling in difference situation. Therefore, factors of artistic this experience such as feeling, imagination, compassion are the essential components of morality that complete the experience, understanding, and meaning of morality in the people. Moreover aesthetic experience and moral education are inseparable.  One of the criticize in this theory is that aesthetic experience is still new and practical application is rare and lacks of a strong theoretical structure.

Maryam Ansary

2012-09-01

 
 
 
 
201

Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction and Their Correlation with Educational Standards among Dental Assistants.  

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A disparity exists in the educational qualifications of dental assistants working in various public and private institutions in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of professional and personal characteristics on job satisfaction among dental assistants. A cross-sectional survey was performed among dental assistants using a 24-item self-administered questionnaire. Multinomial logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between overall job satisfaction and other variables. The overall response rate was 72.1%. Factor analysis suggested that five underlying factors were related to job satisfaction. The mean score for overall job satisfaction was 3.86 (satisfied) out of 5. Among the work environment factors, the highest mean score, 4.26 (satisfied), was obtained for quality of service, and the lowest mean score, 2.78 (neutral), was obtained for the perception of income. The income and general prospects of the profession was significantly associated with overall job satisfaction. This study suggests that for dental assistants, professional and personal life, quality of service, perception of income and prestige and self-respect are important factors for job satisfaction. Despite differences in professional formation standards, in general, the study participants were considerably satisfied with their jobs. PMID:24747371

Al Jazairy, Yousra H; Halawany, Hassan Suliman; Hussainan, Nawaf Al; Maflehi, Nassr Al; Abraham, Nimmi Biju; Jacob, Vimal

2014-09-11

202

Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction and Their Correlation with Educational Standards among Dental Assistants  

Science.gov (United States)

A disparity exists in the educational qualifications of dental assistants working in various public and private institutions in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of professional and personal characteristics on job satisfaction among dental assistants. A cross-sectional survey was performed among dental assistants using a 24-item self-administered questionnaire. Multinomial logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between overall job satisfaction and other variables. The overall response rate was 72.1%. Factor analysis suggested that five underlying factors were related to job satisfaction. The mean score for overall job satisfaction was 3.86 (satisfied) out of 5. Among the work environment factors, the highest mean score, 4.26 (satisfied), was obtained for quality of service, and the lowest mean score, 2.78 (neutral), was obtained for the perception of income. The income and general prospects of the profession was significantly associated with overall job satisfaction. This study suggests that for dental assistants, professional and personal life, quality of service, perception of income and prestige and self-respect are important factors for job satisfaction. Despite differences in professional formation standards, in general, the study participants were considerably satisfied with their jobs. PMID:24747371

JAZAIRY, Yousra H. AL; HALAWANY, Hassan Suliman; HUSSAINAN, Nawaf AL; MAFLEHI, Nassr AL; ABRAHAM, Nimmi Biju; JACOB, Vimal

2014-01-01

203

VENTAJAS Y DESVENTAJAS DEL BILINGÜISMO / ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF BILINGUALISM  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las personas bilingües tienen que coordinar dos sistemas lingüísticos. Esto implica algunas ganancias, pero también un costo. Las ganancias del bilingüismo incluyen: un incremento de la flexibilidad mental; una superioridad en el desarrollo de aquellas funciones cognitivas relacionadas con la atenci [...] ón y la inhibición; el uso de una cantidad mayor de estrategias cognoscitivas en la solución de problemas; un aumento de la llamada conciencia metalingüística; y una habilidad mayor de comunicación. Entre los costos del bilingüismo se menciona: cierto retraso aparente en la adquisición del lenguaje; una interferencia entre ambos sistemas fonológicos, léxicos y gramaticales; y un posible decremento en el vocabulario en las dos lenguas. Se concluye que existe una gran variabilidad de experiencias lingüísticas en las personas bilingües y un gran número de variables afecta su ejecución en diferentes tareas intelectuales. Abstract in english The fact that bilingual individuals have to coordinate two linguistic systems implies both advantages and disadvantages. Some of the advantages are an increase in mental flexibility; a greater development of cognitive functions related to attention and inhibition; the use of a larger number of cogni [...] tive strategies for the solution of problems; an increase in the so-called metalinguistic consciousness; and a better ability to communicate. On the other hand, some of the disadvantages of bilingualism are an apparent delay in language acquisition; interference between the two phonological, lexical, and grammatical systems; and a possible decrease in vocabulary in both languages. The article concludes that bilingual persons display a great variety of linguistic experiences and that a large number of variables affect their performance in different intellectual tasks.

Alfredo, Ardila.

204

Equitable Opportunities in Australian Education.  

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In most developed countries a majority of the citizens benefit from extensive educational opportunities, yet there is a growing number of people in these same countries who are educationally disadvantaged because of their sociocultural backgrounds. There are four stages of educational disadvantage including: (1) limited experiences in early…

Keeves, John P.

205

Equality and Education: Part II  

Science.gov (United States)

Review findings about aspirations and socio-economic status in Canada, explores the possibility of identifying disadvantaged groups and bringing about greater equality of educational opportunity, and suggests that egalitarians must look beyond the educational system to help remove some of the factors which educationally disadvantage the socially…

Porter, John

1975-01-01

206

Clinical education and training: Using the nominal group technique in research with radiographers to identify factors affecting quality and capacity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There are a number of group-based research techniques available to determine the views or perceptions of individuals in relation to specific topics. This paper reports on one method, the nominal group technique (NGT) which was used to collect the views of important stakeholders on the factors affecting the quality of, and capacity to provide clinical education and training in diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy and oncology departments in the UK. Inclusion criteria were devised to recruit learners, educators, practitioners and service managers to the nominal groups. Eight regional groups comprising a total of 92 individuals were enrolled; the numbers in each group varied between 9 and 13. A total of 131 items (factors) were generated across the groups (mean = 16.4). Each group was then asked to select the top three factors from their original list. Consensus on the important factors amongst groups found that all eight groups agreed on one item: staff attitude, motivation and commitment to learners. The 131 items were organised into themes using content analysis. Five main categories and a number of subcategories emerged. The study concluded that the NGT provided data which were congruent with the issues faced by practitioners and learners in their daily work; this was of vital importance if the findings are to be regarded with credibility. Further advantages and limitations of the method are discussed, however it is argued that the NGT is a useful technique to gather relevant opinion; to select priorities and to reach consensus on a wide range of issues

207

Clinical education and training: Using the nominal group technique in research with radiographers to identify factors affecting quality and capacity  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

There are a number of group-based research techniques available to determine the views or perceptions of individuals in relation to specific topics. This paper reports on one method, the nominal group technique (NGT) which was used to collect the views of important stakeholders on the factors affecting the quality of, and capacity to provide clinical education and training in diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy and oncology departments in the UK. Inclusion criteria were devised to recruit learners, educators, practitioners and service managers to the nominal groups. Eight regional groups comprising a total of 92 individuals were enrolled; the numbers in each group varied between 9 and 13. A total of 131 items (factors) were generated across the groups (mean = 16.4). Each group was then asked to select the top three factors from their original list. Consensus on the important factors amongst groups found that all eight groups agreed on one item: staff attitude, motivation and commitment to learners. The 131 items were organised into themes using content analysis. Five main categories and a number of subcategories emerged. The study concluded that the NGT provided data which were congruent with the issues faced by practitioners and learners in their daily work; this was of vital importance if the findings are to be regarded with credibility. Further advantages and limitations of the method are discussed, however it is argued that the NGT is a useful technique to gather relevant opinion; to select priorities and to reach consensus on a wide range of issues.

Williams, P.L. [Department of Radiography, Anglia Polytechnic University, East Road, Cambridge CB1 1PT (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: patwilliams@freezone.co.uk; White, N. [School of Radiography, University of Central England Birmingham, Perry Barr, Birmingham B42 2SU (United Kingdom); Klem, R. [School of Radiography, University of Central England Birmingham, Perry Barr, Birmingham B42 2SU (United Kingdom); Wilson, S.E. [Department of Radiography, Anglia Polytechnic University, East Road, Cambridge CB1 1PT (United Kingdom); Bartholomew, P. [School of Radiography, University of Central England Birmingham, Perry Barr, Birmingham B42 2SU (United Kingdom)

2006-08-15

208

Affective Imagination in Science Education: Determining the Emotional Nature of Scientific and Technological Learning of Young Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Vygotsky (1986) draws attention to the interrelationship between thought and language and other aspects of mind. Although not widely acknowledged, Vygotsky (1999) also drew attention to the search for the relations between cognition and emotions. This paper discusses the findings of a study which examined imaginary scientific situations within the early years. The central research questions examined: What is the emotional nature of scientific learning? and How does affective imagination support early childhood science learning? Video observations were made of the teaching of science from one site in a south-eastern community in Australia (232 h of video observations). The teachers used fairy tales and Slowmation as cultural devices to support the concept formation of 3- and 4-year-old children (n = 53; range of 3.3 to 4.4; mean of 3.8 years). The findings of this under-researched area (e.g. Roth, Mind, Culture, and Activity 15:2-7, 2008) make a contribution to understanding how affective imagination can work in science education in the early years.

Fleer, Marilyn

2013-01-01

209

Capital disadvantage: America's failing capital investment system.  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. system of allocating investment capital is failing, putting American companies at a serious disadvantage and threatening the long-term growth of the nation's economy. The problem, says Michael Porter, goes beyond the usual formulation of the issue: accusations of "short-termism" by U.S. managers, ineffective corporate governance by directors, or a high cost of capital. The problem involves the external capital allocation system by which capital is provided to companies, as well as the system by which companies allocate capital internally. America's system is marked by fluid capital and a financial focus. Other countries--notably Japan and Germany--have systems with dedicated capital and a focus on corporate position. In global competition, where investment increasingly determines a company's capacity to upgrade and innovate, the U.S. system does not measure up. These conclusions come out of a two-year research project sponsored by the Harvard Business School and the Council on Competitiveness. Porter recommends five far-reaching reforms to make the U.S. system superior to Japan's and Germany's: 1. Improve the present macroeconomic environment. 2. Expand true ownership throughout the system so that directors, managers, employees, and even customers and suppliers hold positions as owners. 3. Align the goals of capital providers, corporations, directors, managers, employees, customers, suppliers, and society. 4. Improve the information used in decision making. 5. Foster more productive modes of interaction and influence among capital providers, corporations, and business units. PMID:10121317

Porter, M E

1992-01-01

210

Advantages and disadvantages of burning spilled oil  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The full potential for in situ burning as a controlled oil spill response technique is a subject of growing interest throughout the world. Information now available from burning oil during accidental fires, war-related fires in Kuwait, spillage from the Exxon Valdez, and controlled test burns, permits an objective and comprehensive assessment of both the positive and negative aspects of in situ burning. A thorough analysis has been made of direct and indirect impacts and concerns typically associated with the decision, to burn or not to burn. These factors, together with the comparative costs of various response techniques, have been identified and described to provide spill control planners and response organizations with a means of assessing the potential use of burning to clean up offshore oil spills. Some of the advantages for in situ burning are high elimination rate, minimal environmental impact, minimal disposal and cleanup, and ease of control. Some of the disadvantages are localized reduction of air quality, oil conditions, and limited window of opportunity

211

"Disadvantaged Learners": Who Are We Targeting? Understanding the Targeting of Widening Participation Activity in the United Kingdom Using Geo-Demographic Data from Southwest England  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper analyses the definition of the appropriate target group for widening participation activities advanced by the Higher Education Funding Council for England in their "Targeting Disadvantaged Learners" advice to Aimhigher and higher education providers. This definition includes components of area deprivation and higher education

Harrison, Neil; Hatt, Sue

2010-01-01

212

75 FR 25815 - Disadvantaged Business Enterprise: Program Improvements  

Science.gov (United States)

...determined that the socially and economically disadvantaged...designation. Firms are also responsible for ensuring that the...subcontractor is not a responsible contractor; (ix...of work in which the socially and economically disadvantaged...to you only that its socially and economically...

2010-05-10

213

76 FR 5083 - Disadvantaged Business Enterprise: Program Improvements  

Science.gov (United States)

...DBE subcontractor is not a responsible contractor; (vi) The listed...types of work in which the socially and economically disadvantaged...or control of the firm by socially and economically disadvantaged...The firm is not otherwise responsible for further...

2011-01-28

214

Practical Problems of Schoolbook Selection for Disadvantaged Pupils.  

Science.gov (United States)

Every year the purchase of unsuitable books for disadvantaged children wastes millions of dollars. The use of these unsuitable books results in extensive reading failure. In order to overcome this waste of money and human resources, book committees need to employ standards and methods of evaluation to identify books appropriate for disadvantaged

Whipple, Gertrude

215

The disadvantages of joining the euro: lessons for Romania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article covers the disadvantages the countries that are currently within the Eurozone are facing at the moment and how these disadvantages will impact the Romanian society if it joins the Euro. The article is divided into 3 chapters: the deflationary impact, the decline in competitiveness and asymmetric shocks.

Tierean, O. M.

2013-06-01

216

Child obesity associated with social disadvantage of children's neighborhoods.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evidence suggests variability in adult obesity risk at a small-scale geographic area is associated with differences in neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES). However, the extent to which geographic variability in child obesity is associated with neighborhood SES is unknown. The objective of this paper was to estimate risk of child obesity associated with multiple census tract SES measures and race within a large urban U.S. county. Height, weight, age, sex, medical insurance type and census tract residence were obtained for 6-18 year old children (n=8616) who received medical care at a health plan in King County, Washington, in 2006. Spatial analyses examined the individual risk of obesity (BMI > or = 95th percentile) with 2000 US census tract measures of median household income, home ownership, adult female education level, single parent households, and race as predictors. Conditional autoregressive regression models that incorporated adjacent census tracts (spatial autocorrelation) were applied to each census tract variable, adjusting for individual variables. We found that in adjusted spatial models, child obesity risk was significantly associated with each census tract variable in the expected direction: lower household income, lower home ownership, and for each 10% increase in less educated women, and single parent households, as well as non-white residents. In a spatial model including all variables, the SES/race variables explained approximately 24% of geographic variability in child obesity. Results indicated that living in census tracts with social disadvantage defined by multiple different measures was associated with child obesity among insured children in a large U.S. urban county. These results contribute new information on relationships between broader social and economic context and child obesity risk using robust spatial analyses. PMID:20541306

Grow, H Mollie Greves; Cook, Andrea J; Arterburn, David E; Saelens, Brian E; Drewnowski, Adam; Lozano, Paula

2010-08-01

217

Gender and reinforcing associations between socioeconomic disadvantage and body mass over the life course.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using the 1957-1993 data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, we explore reciprocal associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and body mass in the 1939 birth cohort of non-Hispanic white men and women. We integrate the fundamental cause theory, the gender relations theory, and the life course perspective to analyze gender differences in (a) the ways that early socioeconomic disadvantage launches bidirectional associations of body mass and SES and (b) the extent to which these mutually reinforcing effects generate socioeconomic disparities in midlife body mass. Using structural equation modeling, we find that socioeconomic disadvantage at age 18 is related to higher body mass index and a greater risk of obesity at age 54, and that this relationship is significantly stronger for women than men. Moreover, women are more adversely affected by two mechanisms underlying the focal association: the obesogenic effect of socioeconomic disadvantage and the SES-impeding effect of obesity. These patterns were also replicated in propensity score-matching models. We conclude that gender and SES act synergistically over the life course to shape reciprocal chains of two disadvantaged statuses: heavier body mass and lower SES. PMID:25138198

Pudrovska, Tetyana; Reither, Eric N; Logan, Ellis S; Sherman-Wilkins, Kyler J

2014-09-01

218

Increasing Access for Economically Disadvantaged Students: The NSF/CSEM & S-STEM Programs at Louisiana State University  

Science.gov (United States)

Increasing college degree attainment for students from disadvantaged backgrounds is a prominent component of numerous state and federal legislation focused on higher education. In 1999, the National Science Foundation (NSF) instituted the "Computer Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Scholarships" (CSEMS) program; this initiative was designed to…

Wilson, Zakiya S.; Iyengar, Sitharama S.; Pang, Su-Seng; Warner, Isiah M.; Luces, Candace A.

2012-01-01

219

The Long Term Effect of Employment Counselling on Disadvantaged Youth: A Four Year Follow-Up Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compared the long-term employment and educational status of disadvantaged youth who had received employment counseling at the Peterborough (Ontario) Employment Planning and Youth Career Centre (EPYC) in 1982-1983 with the status of youth who had not. EPYC subjects were 40 females and 64 males, 43 of whom had less than a grade 12…

Pitt, Don; And Others

220

The Effects of Small Group Counseling Using Structured Activities on the Self-Concept of Disadvantaged Post-Secondary Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of group counseling using structured activities on the self-concept of disadvantaged postsecondary students enrolled in vocational-technical schools. Volunteers meeting Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) and Basic Educational Opportunity Grant (BEOG) definitions of…

Gowen, Doris

 
 
 
 
221

Multiple Disadvantages? The Earnings of Asian Women Computer Scientists in the United States  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines the earnings of an under-researched group: Asian women in computer science, in the United States (U.S.. I distinguish three subsets of college-educated Asian female computer scientists working full time in the U.S.: 1 U.S.-born, U.S.-educated Asian Americans, 2 Asian-born, U.S.-educated Asian immigrants, and 3 Asian-born, Asian-educated Asian immigrants. Results from multivariate regression and quantile regressions (at the 10th, 25th, 50th, and 75th percentiles show that U.S.- and Asian-educated Asian immigrant women earn less on average (at the mean level and at the 10th, 50th, and/or 75th percentile levels than their white male counterparts. Only Asian American women do not earn less than their white male counterparts at any level. Further analysis reveals that Asian immigrant women earn less due to their gender, but not because of a combination of their gender and race. Neither the immigrant women’s birthplace or the origin of their degree further disadvantage their earnings. The lack of multiple disadvantages may be explained by white women earning less than expected, but not Asian immigrant women earning more than expected. Suggestions for further research are discussed.

Yu Tao

2010-06-01

222

Boys: Getting it Right--The "New" Disadvantaged or "Disadvantage" Redefined?  

Science.gov (United States)

Over recent years there has been widespread concern for masculinity and the education of boys in Australia. In the policy arena, this has involved a federal parliamentary inquiry into the education of boys ("Boys: Getting it Right: Report on the inquiry into the education of boys", October 2002) and a federal government response to this inquiry…

Gill, Zoe

2005-01-01

223

34 CFR 400.4 - What definitions apply to the Vocational and Applied Technology Education Programs?  

Science.gov (United States)

...of economically disadvantaged students attending vocational education programs...of economically disadvantaged students attending vocational education programs...defined in section 3(2) of the Americans With Disabilities Act of...

2010-07-01

224

76 FR 34953 - Funding Opportunity Title: Risk Management Education in Targeted States (Targeted States Program...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Emphasis on risk management strategies, education...States; (C) Socially disadvantaged farmers...implementation of other risk management actions). Statement...specific subtasks, responsible entities, expected...Emphasis on risk management strategies, education...United States; Socially disadvantaged...

2011-06-15

225

75 FR 8902 - Funding Opportunity Title: Crop Insurance Education in Targeted States (Targeted States Program)  

Science.gov (United States)

...emphasis on risk management strategies, education...States; (C) Socially disadvantaged farmers...insurance in the management of risk; How...awardee will be responsible for performing...emphasis on risk management strategies, education...United States; Socially disadvantaged...

2010-02-26

226

"The Luggage that isn't Theirs is Too Heavy…":Understandings of Orphan Disadvantage in Lesotho.  

Science.gov (United States)

In Southern Africa, high adult HIV prevalence has fueled concern about the welfare of children losing parents to the epidemic. A growing body of evidence indicates that parental, particularly maternal, death is negatively associated with child outcomes. However, a better understanding of the mechanisms is needed. In addition, the way orphan disadvantage and the mechanisms giving rise to it are understood on the ground is essential for the successful translation of research into policies and programs. This study employs data from 89 in-depth interviews with caregivers and key informants in Lesotho, a setting where approximately one-quarter of adults is infected with HIV, to elaborate understandings of orphan disadvantage. Our analysis focuses on two questions: (i) Do local actors perceive orphans to be disadvantaged compared to non-orphans, and if so, in what ways; and (ii) How do they explain orphans' differential disadvantage?Analyses suggest that orphans were widely perceived to be disadvantaged; respondents described this disadvantage in material as well as affective domains. Thematic analyses reveal five broad categories of explanation: poverty, love and kin connection, caregiver character, perceptions of orphans, and community norms related to orphan care. These results underscore the need for research and policy to address (i) multiple types of disadvantage, including deficits in kindness and attention; and (ii) the social embeddedness of disadvantage, recognizing that poverty, kinship, and community interact with individual attributes to shape caregiving relationships and child experiences. The findings suggest limited success for programs and policies that do not address the emotional needs of children, or that focus on child or caregiver support to the exclusion of community outreach. PMID:22865946

Goldberg, Rachel E; Short, Susan E

2012-02-01

227

Women in Leadership: Factors That Affect the Achievement of Women in Higher Education Administration at Four-Year Public and Private Universities in Texas  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the factors that affect women administrators in higher education at four-year public and private universities in Texas. By comparing private and public universities, the research provided an assessment of similarities and differences of the factors impacting achievement of women in higher…

Ramirez, Dawn Marie

2012-01-01

228

The prospects of fostering entrepreneurial praxes by school leadership at historically disadvantaged schools in the Sedibeng area / Malefane Johannes Lebusa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study departs from the notion that historically disadvantaged schools are in a position where they face many challenges regarding their education service delivery. Among other challenges, these schools experience a shortage of both educational and infrastructural resources. Consequently, the past number of years has seen these schools loosing learners to historically advantaged schools. Many of these schools, however, manage to produce good results and attain good reputations. They thus ...

Lebusa, Malefane Johannes

2007-01-01

229

The NASA Plan: To award eight percent of prime and subcontracts to socially and economically disadvantaged businesses  

Science.gov (United States)

It is NASA's intent to provide small disadvantaged businesses, including women-owned, historically black colleges and universities and minority education institutions the maximum practicable opportunity to receive a fair proportion of NASA prime and subcontracted awards. Annually, NASA will establish socioeconomic procurement goals including small disadvantaged business goals, with a target of reaching the eight percent level by the end of FY 1994. The NASA Associate Administrators, who are responsible for the programs at the various NASA Centers, will be held accountable for full implementation of the socioeconomic procurement plans. Various aspects of this plan, including its history, are discussed.

1990-01-01

230

The Disadvantaged: Parental Involvement at Home and Low School Performance  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The current study explores the impact of parent?s socioeconomic status on parental involvement in their child?s education at home. Forty Indian students studying in one the best performance-based National Type Tamil Schools in the state of Kedah, Malaysia were chosen based on purposive sampling. The sample was identified as low achievement students, based on the previous final year school examination results. A questionnaire was used by the researcher to obtain quantitative data from the students? parent; related to the parent?s socio-economic background and their involvement strategies in their children?s education at home. In addition, in-depth interviews with twenty students, that is, five students from each Year were conducted to gather information on their parent?s involvement. The findings of this study indicated that most parents from the low socioeconomic background claimed that they showed high involvement in most of the involvement strategies at home to ensure their child?s education success. However, the education level, employment status, and income among the the parents fom the lower socioeconomic background affect their understanding and their knowledge on the actual values that need to be placed on their child?s education. As a result, there is a lack among these children in terms of good skills, behaviour and values which are extremely important for their academic success.

Suresh Kumar N Vellymalay

2012-07-01

231

Affective decision making in women with borderline personality disorder.  

Science.gov (United States)

The affective decision making of 41 recently treated outpatient women with borderline personality disorder (BPD) was compared to 41 healthy controls using the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). Non-affective executive functions (EF) of working memory, interference control, and motor inhibition were also compared. Associations among affective and non-affective EF were examined. Despite normal range intelligence, Stroop interference, motor inhibition, and working memory, women with BPD made significantly more disadvantageous IGT decisions than controls (Cohen's d = .72) that were unrelated to substance abuse history, education, psychotropic use, or attentional deficits. Correlates of EF and IGT performance varied by group. Intellect, BPD, and intact behavioral control explained 35% of the adjusted variance in net IGT performance. Disadvantageous IGT decision making was the only EF to predict BPD. IGT deficits in BPD may be separable from IQ and other EF as supported by the somatic marker hypothesis and suggest a stable, trait-like vulnerability favoring immediate reward over long-term gain in women with the disorder. PMID:24845226

LeGris, Jeannette; Toplak, Maggie; Links, Paul S

2014-10-01

232

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS DETERMINATIONS 8(a) Business Development Eligibility...Participation in the 8(a) Business Development Program...ethnic prejudice or cultural bias within American...Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei,...

2010-01-01

233

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS DETERMINATIONS 8(a) Business Development Eligibility...Participation in the 8(a) Business Development Program...ethnic prejudice or cultural bias within American...Singapore, Brunei, Japan,...

2010-01-01

234

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS DETERMINATIONS 8(a) Business Development Eligibility...Participation in the 8(a) Business Development Program...ethnic prejudice or cultural bias within American...Kampuchea), Vietnam, Korea, The...

2010-01-01

235

Relative advantages and disadvantages of protein binding assays  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Antibodies and biological binder proteins are the two major types of macromolecules which are used for competitive ligand binding radioassays. The relative advantages or disadvantages of the biological binder proteins are discussed in this paper

236

78 FR 68016 - Disadvantaged Business Enterprise: Program Implementation Modifications  

Science.gov (United States)

...Building. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jo Anne...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On September...Disadvantaged Business Enterprise: Program Implementation...Data) from the perspective of a certifying...provide your contact information. If you are attending... Mail: Docket Management Facility,...

2013-11-13

237

Socio-cultural contexts affecting the export of education: the case of Finnish primary schools and the United Arab Emirates  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Finnish education system is known as one of the best performing systems in the world. This has raised a significant international interest, making the export of the Finnish know-how in education a good business opportunity. This thesis considers the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as a target market for the export of Finnish primary education and analyzes the business environment particularly from socio-cultural aspects to shed more light on what to consider ahead before venturing in that area...

Hadid, Rima

2013-01-01

238

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...earnings accruing directly to the socially and economically disadvantaged...controlled by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...controlled by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...must be the project manager responsible for performance of the...

2010-01-01

239

13 CFR 124.106 - When do disadvantaged individuals control an applicant or Participant?  

Science.gov (United States)

...ANCs, Native Hawaiian Organizations, or Community Development...by Native Hawaiian Organizations, and for CDC-owned...Disadvantaged individuals managing the concern must...disadvantaged full-time manager must hold the highest...Any disadvantaged manager who wishes to...

2010-01-01

240

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

... What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)? 124.1002 Section 124.1002 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS...to Federal Small Disadvantaged Business Programs § 124.1002 What is a Small Disadvantaged Business...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

48 CFR 52.219-24 - Small Disadvantaged Business Participation Program-Targets.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Disadvantaged Business Participation Program-Targets. 52.219-24 Section 52.219-24...Disadvantaged Business Participation Program—Targets. As prescribed in 19.1204(a...Disadvantaged Business Participation Program—Targets (OCT 2000) (a) This...

2010-10-01

242

15 CFR 1400.4 - Evidence of social or economic disadvantage.  

Science.gov (United States)

...false Evidence of social or economic disadvantage. 1400.4 Section 1400.4 ...4 Evidence of social or economic disadvantage. (a) The representatives of...should establish social or economic disadvantage by a preponderance of the...

2010-01-01

243

49 CFR 26.67 - What rules determine social and economic disadvantage?  

Science.gov (United States)

...What rules determine social and economic disadvantage? 26.67 Section 26.67 Transportation...What rules determine social and economic disadvantage? (a) Presumption of disadvantage. (1) You must rebuttably...

2010-10-01

244

49 CFR Appendix E to Part 26 - Individual Determinations of Social and Economic Disadvantage  

Science.gov (United States)

...at individual showings of disadvantage by individuals with disabilities...and applicants. Economic Disadvantage (A) General. Economically...ability to compete in the free enterprise system has been...individual claiming economic disadvantage must describe the...

2010-10-01

245

Do Education and Income Affect Support for Democracy in Muslim Countries? Evidence from the "Pew Global Attitudes Project"  

Science.gov (United States)

Using micro-level public opinion data from the "Pew Global Attitudes Project 2005", this study investigates the effect of educational attainment and income on support for democracy in five predominantly Muslim countries: Indonesia, Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan, and Turkey. Holding all else constant and compared to not finishing primary education,…

Shafiq, M. Najeeb

2010-01-01

246

What We Call What We Do Affects How We Do It: A New Nomenclature for Simulation Research in Medical Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Rapid technological advances and concern for patient safety have increased the focus on simulation as a pedagogical tool for educating health care providers. To date, simulation research scholarship has focused on two areas; evaluating instructional designs of simulation programs, and the integration of simulation into a broader educational

Haji, Faizal A.; Hoppe, Daniel J.; Morin, Marie-Paule; Giannoulakis, Konstantine; Koh, Jansen; Rojas, David; Cheung, Jeffrey J. H.

2014-01-01

247

Disadvantages of applied lacquer coatings on polymer substrate  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: The use of polymer parts in automotive industry gives economic and practical savings. This is evoked by weight reduction of the used construction elements. However, polymer parts usually require application of coatings to ensure high quality surface. The painting of polymer materials is one of the most popular and well known methods. Assumptions of the study presented in this article were an attempt to create an atlas of lacquer coating disadvantages.Design/methodology/approach: Assumptions of this study were an attempt to identify lacquer coating disadvantages. Samples of the parts with disadvantages were prepared with the use of microtome and then viewed on an optical microscope. The defects have been described and the causes of their formation have been identified.Findings: The paper shows the examples of common disadvantages of polymer coatings’ application in automotive industry.Research limitations/implications: In automotive industry, they are often used as a substrate - metals or other materials. The description and identification of disadvantages of coatings on these substrates requires further study.Practical implications: The identification of disadvantages of the applied lacquer coatings on polymer substrate allows to eliminate them. Through the improvement and generation of new technologies of coating industry as a major supplier to the very large automotive industry, the industry will continue to thrive, grow and maintain its economical competitiveness in the global marketplace.Originality/value: Applications of multilayer polymer coatings in automotive industry are rarely described in literature - especially the application on polymers substrate. The description and identification for the emergence of the most frequent reasons of lacquer disadvantage is a novelty in this article.

?. Wierzbicki

2012-12-01

248

The Affective (Re)Production of Refugee Representations through Educational Policies and Practices: Reconceptualising the Role of Emotion for Peace Education in a Divided Country  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing into a discussion of the politicisation of emotion, this paper develops a framework to analyse some of the processes and strategies by which educational policies and pedagogical practices "emotionalise" the representation of refugees in conflict-ridden societies such as Cyprus and explores the implications for peace education. In…

Zembylas, Michalinos

2012-01-01

249

A Case Study of Peer Educators in a Community-Based Program to Reduce Teen Pregnancy: Selected Characteristics Prior to Training, Perceptions of Training and Work, and Perceptions of How Participation in the Program Has Affected Them  

Science.gov (United States)

This investigation is a case study of peer educators in a community-based teen pregnancy prevention program. Research questions focused on identifying ways in which peer educators differed from other teens and exploring the perceptions of the peer educators about their experience in the program and the ways in which it has affected them. Data were…

Beshers, Sarah C.

2007-01-01

250

HIV/AIDS Education and Behaviour Change:Contextual factors that affect translation of knowledge into action among in-school adolescents in rural Uganda  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract The main goal of the present study was to investigate the factors that affect translation of HIV/AIDS knowledge into action. Using both qualitative and quantitative methods, data was obtained from students, teachers, parents, school administrators and the HIV/AIDS coordination department from the Ministry of Education and Sports. The Health Belief Model and Social Learning Theory that formed the basis of this study were used through discussion and analysis of research findings. The ...

Komunda, Rodney Noel

2008-01-01

251

Increasing Access for Economically Disadvantaged Students: The NSF/CSEM & S-STEM Programs at Louisiana State University  

Science.gov (United States)

Increasing college degree attainment for students from disadvantaged backgrounds is a prominent component of numerous state and federal legislation focused on higher education. In 1999, the National Science Foundation (NSF) instituted the "Computer Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Scholarships" (CSEMS) program; this initiative was designed to provide greater access and support to academically talented students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds. Originally intended to provide financial support to lower income students, this NSF program also advocated that additional professional development and advising would be strategies to increase undergraduate persistence to graduation. This innovative program for economically disadvantaged students was extended in 2004 to include students from other disciplines including the physical and life sciences as well as the technology fields, and the new name of the program was Scholarships for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (S-STEM). The implementation of these two programs in Louisiana State University (LSU) has shown significant and measurable success since 2000, making LSU a Model University in providing support to economically disadvantaged students within the STEM disciplines. The achievement of these programs is evidenced by the graduation rates of its participants. This report provides details on the educational model employed through the CSEMS/S-STEM projects at LSU and provides a path to success for increasing student retention rates in STEM disciplines. While the LSU's experience is presented as a case study, the potential relevance of this innovative mentoring program in conjunction with the financial support system is discussed in detail.

Wilson, Zakiya S.; Iyengar, Sitharama S.; Pang, Su-Seng; Warner, Isiah M.; Luces, Candace A.

2012-10-01

252

Family and neighborhood disadvantage, home environment, and children's school readiness.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine associations between family socioeconomic risk, neighborhood disadvantage, and children's school readiness. A sample of 420 children from 48 early childcare programs yielded multi-informant data. The average age was 55.3 months (SD = 6.4), with 38% of children being Black, non-Hispanic, Hispanic, or other minority race (American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander). One third (32.4%) of the parents had annual incomes less than $30,000. We used multilevel structural equation modeling to test direct and indirect associations among family socioeconomic risk and neighborhood disadvantage and children's cognitive and social-emotional development through home learning environment and parental depression. Children with a greater number of family socioeconomic risks and a higher level of neighborhood disadvantage demonstrated lower scores on cognitive skills. The degree of family socioeconomic risk was indirectly associated with children's cognitive ability through parents' cognitive stimulation at home. Parents who had more family socioeconomic risks and neighborhood disadvantage reported more depressive symptoms, which, in turn, suggested children's greater probability of having social-emotional problems. In other words, home learning environments explained associations between family socioeconomic disadvantage and children's cognitive skills, while parental depression explained associations between family/neighborhood disadvantages and children's social-emotional problems. Results suggest the importance of intervention or prevention strategies for parents to improve cognitive stimulation at home and to reduce depressive symptoms. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25150370

Jeon, Lieny; Buettner, Cynthia K; Hur, Eunhye

2014-10-01

253

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...controlled by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...accruing directly to the socially and economically disadvantaged...individual claiming economic disadvantage, his or her net worth...controlled by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...the project manager responsible for performance...

2010-01-01

254

Equalizing Educational Opportunity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Education directly determines life, liberty, and happiness for that segment of the population which can afford better educational facilities. For economically and socially disadvantaged people, education only perpetuates inequality. Financial inequality results in some school districts spending more money per student than other school districts.…

Carlson, Kenneth

255

A Summer Academic Research Experience for Disadvantaged Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

Internships are an effective way of connecting high school students in a meaningful manner to the sciences. Disadvantaged minorities have fewer opportunities to participate in internships, and are underrepresented in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics majors and careers. We have developed a Summer Academic Research Experience…

Kabacoff, Cathryn; Srivastava, Vasudha; Robinson, Douglas N.

2013-01-01

256

Advantages and Disadvantages of Weighted Grading. Research Brief  

Science.gov (United States)

What are the advantages and disadvantages of weighted grading? The primary purpose of weighted grading has been to encourage high school students to take more rigorous courses. This effort is then acknowledged by more weight being given to the grade for a specified class. There are numerous systems of weighted grading cited in the literature from…

Walker, Karen

2004-01-01

257

Childhood social disadvantage, cardiometabolic risk, and chronic disease in adulthood.  

Science.gov (United States)

Adverse social environments in early life are hypothesized to become biologically embedded during the first few years of life, with potentially far-reaching implications for health across the life course. Using prospective data from a subset of a US birth cohort, the Collaborative Perinatal Project, started in 1959-1966 (n = 566), we examined associations of social disadvantage assessed in childhood with cardiometabolic function and chronic disease status more than 40 years later (in 2005-2007). Social disadvantage was measured with an index that combined information on adverse socioeconomic and family stability factors experienced between birth and age 7 years. Cardiometabolic risk (CMR) was assessed by combining information from 8 CMR biomarkers; an index of chronic disease status was derived by assessing 8 chronic diseases. Poisson models were used to investigate associations between social disadvantage and CMR or chronic disease scores while adjusting for childhood covariates and potential pathway variables. A high level of social disadvantage was significantly associated with both higher CMR (incident rate ratio = 1.69, 95% confidence interval: 1.19, 2.39) and with a higher number of chronic diseases (incident rate ratio = 1.39, 95% confidence interval: 1.00, 1.92) in minimally adjusted models. Associations with CMR persisted even after accounting for childhood and adult covariates. PMID:24970845

Non, Amy L; Rewak, Marissa; Kawachi, Ichiro; Gilman, Stephen E; Loucks, Eric B; Appleton, Allison A; Román, Jorge C; Buka, Stephen L; Kubzansky, Laura D

2014-08-01

258

Developing Social Giftedness in Disadvantaged Girls at an Indian School  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes developmental interactions with a group of female students at an Indian public school situated in a disadvantaged section of the community. Through a series of activities, the author makes an intensive effort to develop social giftedness in these students. The article describes various activities together with the author's…

Sharma, Yukti

2012-01-01

259

Open Source Approach in Software Development - Advantages and Disadvantages  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The works points to open source approach in software development, which has recorded important results since its beginning. Thanks to it, we are able to use the software representing the fruit of this approach. The work also points to the characteristics of open source approach through the prism of advantages and disadvantages.

Jovica ?urkovi?

2008-12-01

260

13 CFR 124.104 - Who is economically disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...disadvantaged individuals whose ability to compete in the free enterprise system has been impaired due to diminished capital and credit...Exclusions for net worth purposes are not exclusions for asset valuation or access to capital and credit purposes. (i) A...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

The Physiological Expression of Living in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods for Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

Evidence suggests that the consequences of chronic exposure to stressors extend beyond psychological effects, and that adolescents living in socio-economically disadvantaged neighborhoods may experience an accumulation of exposure to stressors that wears down the physical systems in the body, resulting in hyper-activation of the stress response.…

Brenner, Allison B.; Zimmerman, Marc A.; Bauermeister, Jose A.; Caldwell, Cleopatra H.

2013-01-01

262

The Competitive Disadvantage: Teacher Compensation in Rural America. Policy Brief.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three components of the teacher shortage are the recruitment challenge, the retention problem, and the demand for teacher quality. Although the teacher shortage problem involves many factors, any solution must address salaries. Rural districts face a threefold disadvantage: teachers are not compensated as well as other rural professionals; rural…

Jimerson, Lorna

263

Cognitive Predictors of College Success in Disadvantaged Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study involved the investigation of the differential validity hypothesis as it pertained to the disadvantaged college student. It evaluated, by means of a multiple regression analysis, the use of SAT scores (Math and Verbal) and the Nelson-Denny Reading Test as predictors of college success, as measured by semester grade point average, for…

Outlaw, Patricia; Gunther, Virginia

264

Teachers' and Caregivers' Perceptions of Gender Differences in Educational Experiences of Children Affected by Parental AIDS in Western Kenya  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to describe the perceptions of teachers and caregivers concerning gender differences in the educational experiences of children influenced by the HIV status of their parents or orphaned by AIDS in 7 orphanage schools of Western Kenya. 12 teachers and 8 caregivers participated in the study. Data were…

Jepkemboi, Grace; Aldridge, Jerry

2009-01-01

265

Transition from School to Work: Issues Affecting Young Women. Discussion Paper by the National Advisory Committee on Women and Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

With a rising level of female school leaver unemployment, and recent cutbacks in traditional areas of women's employment, it has become a matter of urgency for positive, comprehensive action to be taken within the education system of New Zealand to encourage young women into a wider range of vocational opportunities. A coordinated policy from…

New Zealand National Advisory Committee on Women and Education, Wellington.

266

Afetar e sensibilizar na educação: uma proposta transdisciplinar = To affect and sensitize in education: a transdisciplinary proposal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A proposta complexa e transdisciplinar abre novas perspectivas para o campo educacional. Essas perspectivas procuraram religar o conhecimento à vida, reorientando os processos de formação para que se valorize a constituição de um sujeito sensível e afetivo. A vocação transdisciplinar institui novas práticas pedagógicas formadoras de uma razão-afetivo-sensível, capaz de promover uma visão mais integrada do ser humano. Nesta concepção de educação, o processo ensino-aprendizagem supera o processo lógico e intelectual, torna-se um processo dinâmico, coerente, dialógico e criativo. Promover a proposta transdisciplinar na formação docente passa pela vivência de formar pessoas que tornarão nossa experiência no mundo mais cooperativa, amorosa e solidariamente compreendida.A complex and transdisciplinary proposal opens new perspectives in the educational field. Such perspectives seek to reconnect knowledge to life, by redirecting educational processes towards encouraging the creation of sensitive and emotional individuals. A transdisciplinary vocation establishes new pedagogical practices, forming an affectivesensitive-reason, capable of promoting a more integrated vision the human being. In this conception of education, the teaching-learning process surpasses the logical and intellectual process and becomes a dynamic, coherent, dialogic and creative process.To promote a transdisciplinary proposition in teacher training means experiencing the fact of educating people, who will make our experience in the world more cooperative, loving and solidly understood.

Solange Martins Oliveira Magalhães

2011-10-01

267

Children, Education and War: Reaching Education for All (EFA) Objectives in Countries Affected by Conflict. Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction Unit Working Paper.  

Science.gov (United States)

Conflict's path of devastation and chaos has dramatically slowed the ability of war-torn countries to reach the Education for All (EFA) goals adopted in Dakar (April 2000). This paper describes the situation confronting children, their families, and governments in conflict countries and describes the challenges of reaching universal primary…

Sommers, Marc

268

Seeking help for depression from family and friends: A qualitative analysis of perceived advantages and disadvantages  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background People with depression often seek help from family and friends and public health campaigns frequently encourage such help seeking behaviours. However, there has been little systematically collected empirical data concerning the effects of such informal help seeking. The current study sought to investigate the views of consumers about the advantages and disadvantages of seeking support from family and friends for depression. Methods Participants were the subset of 417 respondents to a survey, sent to 7000 randomly selected members of an Australian electoral community, who indicated that they had sought help for depression from family or friends. One item on the survey asked participants to indicate the advantages or disadvantages of seeking help from family or friends. A coding system was developed based on a content analysis of the responses to the item. Each of the responses was then coded by two raters. Results Respondents identified both advantages and disadvantages of seeking support from friends. The most commonly cited advantage was social support (n = 282 including emotional support (n = 154, informational support (n = 93, companionship support (n = 36 and instrumental support (n = 23. Other advantages related to family's or friend's background knowledge of the person and their circumstances (n = 72, the opportunity to offload the burden associated with depression (n = 62, the personal attributes of family and friends (n = 49, their accessibility (n = 36, and the opportunity to educate family and friends and increase their awareness about the respondent's depression (n = 30. The most commonly cited disadvantages were stigma (n = 53, inappropriate support (n = 45, the family member's lack of knowledge, training and expertise (n = 32 and the adverse impact of the help seeking on the family/friend (n = 20 and the relationship (n = 18. Conclusions Family and friends are well placed to provide support which consumers perceive to be positive and which can assist them in obtaining formal mental health treatment. However, the input of some family members may be unhelpful or toxic. There may be benefits in undertaking community education and destigmatisation programs which target carers.

Griffiths Kathleen M

2011-12-01

269

Education  

...FactsheetsClimate ChangeEducationHistoric Monuments of...Looking for HelpEducationLast updated: 2...can be obtained from:NIEA Education ManagerKlondyke BuildingGasworks Business ParkLower Ormeau Road...

270

Minority Mother Tongues in Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The question of whether or not mother-tongue education is the best medium of instruction is examined, using social and cultural criteria instead of the usual academic/cognitive criteria. The real significance of using disadvantaged vernaculars is that such use symbolizes to minority groups a lessening of relative disadvantage. (RM)

Fishman, Joshua A.

1984-01-01

271

Affect of emotion management education program an improvement of the emotion management skills levels of office workers: An experimental study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of emotion management skills programme on office workers emotion management skills. In research, single grouped experimental motive has been used. An independent variable has been applied to a random group in single grouped pre & post test model. The effectiveness of the application has been researched by making evaluations both pre & post experiment. 17 female and 7 male test subjects have participated in study with the principle of willingness. Thus, sample of research has been made out of 23 office workers who work in a private hospital. Pre-test datum before studies started and last test datum in the end of Emotion Management Education Program were acquired. An education program for 6 weeks consisting 12 sessions each to take long 90-120 minutes has been applied to the experimental group. In the conclusion of the research, have shown that Emotion Management Educational Program having been applied by means of based on cognitive-behavioral techniques emotion management skills programme has made a positive effect to the group in expressing feelings in a clear and apprehensible way”, “showing feelings as they are” and “controlling physical responses”.

Ferda Kervanc? Üstün

2014-05-01

272

Development of an Instrument to Measure Perceived Cognitive, Affective, and Psychomotor Learning in Traditional and Virtual Classroom Higher Education Settings  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a self-report instrument that can be used to measure learning in the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains. The study underwent three phases, each with its own data collection and analysis. Phase I featured the development, testing, and factor analysis of an 80-item instrument that…

Rovai, Alfred P.; Wighting, Mervyn J.; Baker, Jason D.; Grooms, Linda D.

2009-01-01

273

Male gender preference, female gender disadvantage as risk factors for psychological morbidity in Pakistani women of childbearing age - a life course perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Pakistan, preference for boys over girls is deeply culturally embedded. From birth, many women experience gendered disadvantages; less access to scarce resources, poorer health care, higher child mortality, limited education, less employment outside of the home and circumscribed autonomy. The prevalence of psychological morbidity is exceptionally high among women. We hypothesise that, among women of childbearing age, gender disadvantage is an independent risk factor for psychological morbidity Methods A cross-sectional catchment area survey of 525 women aged 18 to 35 years living in Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The effect of gender disadvantage was assessed as a latent variable using structural equation modelling. Indicators were parental gender preference, low parental care, parental overprotection, limited education, early age at marriage, marital dissatisfaction and low autonomy. Psychological morbidity was assessed using the 20 item Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ. Results Gender disadvantage was independently predictive of psychological morbidity. Among married women, socio-economic status did not predict psychological morbidity, and the effect of education was mediated through gender disadvantage rather than socioeconomic status (SES. The women's own preference for a male child was strongly predicted by their perceptions of having been disadvantaged by their gender in their families of origin. Conclusions The high prevalence of psychological morbidity among women in Pakistan is concerning given recently reported strong associations with low birth weight and infant stunting. Social action, public policies and legislation are indicated to reduce culturally embedded preferences. Neglect of these fundamentals will entrench consequent inequities including gender bias in access to education, a key millennium development goal.

Medhin Girmay

2011-09-01

274

Training in centers? Support for centers in disadvantaged situations provided by the "Campo de Gibraltar" teacher center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article includes the professional reflections of a consultant. It is written as a biographical-professional self-report. It is based on reflections by the consulting team of the “Campo de Gibraltar” Teacher Center with regard to support for centers in disadvantageous situations. It covers different aspects that characterize assistance for centers affected by this problem. It reflects on the difficulties involved in performing the teaching job in these contexts and centers. On the ...

Galiano Leo?n, Manuel

2011-01-01

275

FACTORS AFFECTING TEACHING THE CONCEPT of RENEWABLE ENERGY in TECHNOLOGY ASSISTED ENVIRONMENTS AND DESIGNING PROCESSES in THE DISTANCE EDUCATION MODEL  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The energy policies of today focus mainly on sustainable energy systems and renewable energy resources. Chemistry is closely related to energy recycling, energy types, renewable energy, and nature-energy interaction; therefore, it is now an obligation to enrich chemistry classes with renewable energy concepts and related awareness. Before creating renewable energy awareness, the factors thought to affect such awareness should be determined. Knowing these factors would facilitate finding out w...

Seda Yucel, A.

2007-01-01

276

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...origins from Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore...however, SBA will consider education, employment and business...the business world. (A) Education. SBA considers such factors...to institutions of higher education, exclusion from social...

2010-01-01

277

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...persons with origins from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh...SBA will consider education, employment and business...business world. (A) Education. SBA considers such...access to institutions of higher education, exclusion from...

2010-01-01

278

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...from Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia...SBA will consider education, employment and business...business world. (A) Education. SBA considers such...access to institutions of higher education, exclusion from...

2010-01-01

279

ROMANIA-ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF INTRODUCING THE EURO  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the process of adopting the single currency, Romania is forced to think carefully about its strategies because sucha process is complex and involves, as everyone knows, both advantages and disadvantages. Depending on theapproach or the distance to the euro area in economic and civilizational terms, the first category or the second mayprevail. If in the common mentality it is estimated that the euro would be accompanied only by advantages, expertsmust know that important disadvantages can also appear and which are their harmful effects on medium and longterm on the economy and society. We plan to begin this subject by showing that Romania is not fully prepared tomove to a single currency and euro adoption at this time would cause great disservice for our economy, underminingfuture efforts towards compatibility and closeness.

DOREL DUMITRU CHIRI?ESCU

2013-08-01

280

Social disadvantage, family composition, and diabetes mellitus: prevalence and outcome  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE—To investigate the relation between social disadvantage and family composition on diabetes prevalence and diabetes care outcome.?DESIGN—Retrospective audit in the south west of England of 801 children with diabetes mellitus.?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—Prevalence of diabetes in relation to the Townsend index. Admissions to hospital with diabetes related problems, glycated haemoglobin, time spent in hospital, outpatient attendance rates.?RESULTS—There was no...

Baumer, J.; Hunt, L.; Shield, J.

1998-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Neutron disadvantage factors in heavy water and light water reactors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A number od heavy water and light water reactor cells are analyzed in this paper by applying analytical methods of neutron thermalization. Calculations done according to the one-group Amouyal-Benoist method are included in addition. Computer codes for ZUSE Z-23 computer were written by applying both methods. The obtained results of disadvantage factors are then compared to results obtained by one-group P3 approximation and by multigroup K7-THERMOS code

282

ORGANIC VERSUS CONVENTIONAL: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Over the last years, organic food consumption has become one of the most popular trends amongst general public. The perception would be that organic food is much healthier for the consumer and that the farming practices used for producing the food are more environmentally friendly. There are however both advantages and disadvantages when it comes to production of organic food, the choice of many farmers being not to produce organic food.

Musca?nescu, Alexandra

2013-01-01

283

ORGANIC VERSUS CONVENTIONAL: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over the last years, organic food consumption has become one of the most popular trends amongst general public. The perception would be that organic food is much healthier for the consumer and that the farming practices used for producing the food are more environmentally friendly. There are however both advantages and disadvantages when it comes to production of organic food, the choice of many farmers being not to produce organic food.

Alexandra MUSC?NESCU

2013-01-01

284

Match of Inputs and Outputs of Higher Education to Local Market in Mafraq Governorate: Perceived Students’ Performance Affect by Geographical Location  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The relationship between human capital and economic growth is highly acclimatized by the quality anddistribution of education in the labor force. However, to realize this issue it is important to focus on the base ofeducation at the school level. There is evidence that environmental positions affect students’ performance. Thestudy was conducted using field research. Interviews and surveys were conducted with 229 administers locatedat three directorates of the North Badia region. Subjects were selected using stratified random sampling. Resultsindicated that education at Mafraq Governorate lacks quality and quantity of supply as it is located away fromurban centers. Over all perceived performance was affected differently in the three directorates of North Badia;the highest perceived performance was in Central Mafraq and the least in Northeast Badia. Geographicallocation is associated with: number of students at Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and Ninth Elementarygrades; number of students at Eleventh Grade Literature, Computer, Nursing stream, and number of sections atEleventh grade Scientific, Literature, Computer, and Vocational streams; and with number of Physics andAthletics teachers. It is negatively associated with number of students at Twelfth grade scientific stream. Thereshould be emphasis of joining schools together.

Waleed Al-Awawdeh

2012-04-01

285

San Fernando Valley State College Teacher Education Project in Compensatory Education (Elementary).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Elementary Teacher Education Project in Compensatory Education was instituted in 1967-68 at San Fernando Valley State College for the purpose of preparing teachers to work effectively with the disadvantaged at the elementary school level. Main features of the program included student teaching and intern teaching in disadvantaged urban areas;…

San Fernando Valley State Coll., Northridge, CA.

286

Computer applications in remote sensing education  

Science.gov (United States)

Computer applications to instruction in any field may be divided into two broad generic classes: computer-managed instruction and computer-assisted instruction. The division is based on how frequently the computer affects the instructional process and how active a role the computer affects the instructional process and how active a role the computer takes in actually providing instruction. There are no inherent characteristics of remote sensing education to preclude the use of one or both of these techniques, depending on the computer facilities available to the instructor. The characteristics of the two classes are summarized, potential applications to remote sensing education are discussed, and the advantages and disadvantages of computer applications to the instructional process are considered.

Danielson, R. L.

1980-01-01

287

Lessons from black-thicket jungle: What is feasible in village schools of disadvantaged areas?  

Science.gov (United States)

Comparative examination of the national goals of education as presented by various developing countries shows such goals to be often abstract and overly idealistic: a long way from the harsh reality of most rural village schools. Drawing on the results of a lengthy field study in a disadvantaged area of Sri Lanka, this article discusses the matter of feasibility in the shadow of too high expectations. It is concluded that ambitious goals should be operationalized at a practicable level, and recommendations are put forward for feasible action. As a rigidly ordered system of schooling may be an inevitable stage in a progressive evolution of schooling types, patience is needed before criticizing schools which lack creative teaching and problem-solving approaches. It is emphasised that the most important raw materials of the educational system are abundantly present, i.e., human resources. Children are eager to learn; parents are potentially supportive and want education for the sake of learning as well as for jobs. And most importantly for the success of the schools, dedicated principals and teachers are present in unexpectedly high numbers considering the constraints they face. The importance of such educators is stressed, along with implications for selection, training and remuneration.

Baker, Victoria J.

1989-06-01

288

VIDA - Knowledge-based efforts for socially disadvantaged children in daycare - an inclusive ECEC program : VIDA status report 1. Design and methods  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) can enhance the life chances of all children, and especially socially disadvantaged children. In the Nordic daycare systems, however, it is not clear if ECEC provides equal social and intellectual opportunities for socially disadvantaged children. The VIDA intervention program Knowledge-based efforts for socially disadvantaged children in daycare – a model program presented in this report, aims at improving all children’s well-being and cognitive functioning, and specifi cally improving the situation for socially disadvantaged children through inclusive efforts in daycare. The objective is to improve our knowledge about effective means and methods when implementing a new innovative type of early childhood educational efforts aimed at socially disadvantaged children. This is done by a systematic approach on the basis of methods developed in the VIDA programs. This VIDA Report 1 presents the design and methods used in the inclusive ECEC intervention program. TWO MODEL PROGRAMS Two model programs are introduced: the VIDA Basis program and the VIDA+ parental program. Both programs consist of education and training of VIDA staff by means of three elements: presentation of theoretical and empirical knowledge of children’s learning and wellbeing; education, including giving staff the opportunity to refl ect on their own experiences when working with socially disadvantaged children at their center; and, fi nally, training on how to renew practices at local level on the basis of VIDA program guidelines. The aim of the fi rst program (VIDA Basis) is to support children’s learning and well-being and particularly support socially disadvantaged children, i.e. these children’s socioemotional development and learning through inclusive efforts. The aim of the second program is the same kind of improvement of children’s development butin this program parents are involved in the activities too (VIDA+ program). Thus, the two model programsare similar in that they both direct attention to children in general and disadvantaged children’s well-being and learning particular; however they differ in that VIDA+ particularly directs attention to fi nding new methods for involving parents. INTERVENTION: EDUCATION AND IMPLEMENTATION The aim of the VIDA programs is to enhance the innovative competences of managers and daycare teachers with regard to improving the learning and wellbeing of children. The objective of the VIDA educational programs is to improve the way in which staff works with renewing everyday practices in terms of early efforts for socially disadvantaged children. The two model programs are based on recent evidence-based knowledge and, specifi cally for the VIDA+program, the Danish Clearinghouse of Education has made a research review of effective intervention programs that include parental involvement (see Appendix I). A range of materials and tools have thus been developed for the VIDA educational program, including guidelines for working with children’s learning and well-being through social inclusion. The program builds on three perspectives: 1) a resourceoriented and asset perspective on socially disadvantaged children as children with potential (not defi cit), 2) a learning perspective that views participants in the program (children, teachers and parents) as active, refl ective learners, and 3) an organizational learning perspective (staff qualifi cation in the entire daycare center). The VIDA education and training sessions thus build on methods that improve professionals’ ability to convert scientifi c knowledge into practice through knowledge sharing and innovative experiments. Thus the program combines professionals’ personal knowledge and practice-based experiences, i.e. combines tacit knowledge with explicit scientifi c knowledge acquisition and sharing. The VIDA and VIDA+ education programs encourage participants to work with both explicit and implicit (tacit) knowledge in order to improve the efforts for children. The role of managers is important as they ar

Holm, Anders

2012-01-01

289

Gifted Education in Brazil: Brasilia.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Brazilian school system offers several programs for gifted students, including: Scientists for the Future (promoting science-related study); programs and a special school for disadvantaged gifted students; and special enrichment programs within regular public education programs. (CB)

Soriano de Alencar, Eunice M. L.

1987-01-01

290

15 CFR 1400.4 - Evidence of social or economic disadvantage.  

Science.gov (United States)

15 Commerce and Foreign Trade...social or economic disadvantage. 1400.4 Section 1400.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade...Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade...social or economic disadvantage. (a)...

2010-01-01

291

41 CFR 105-53.130-4 - Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Director of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization is responsible for the implementation and execution of the functions and...to business concerns, including small businesses, small socially and economically disadvantaged persons, women-owned...

2010-07-01

292

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)? 124.1002 Section 124.1002 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 8(a) BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT/SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS DETERMINATIONS...

2010-01-01

293

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)? 124.1002 Section 124.1002 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 8(a) BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT/SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS DETERMINATIONS Eligibility,...

2010-01-01

294

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...accruing directly to the socially and economically disadvantaged...controlled by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...controlled by one or more socially and economically...must be the project manager responsible for performance of...

2010-01-01

295

13 CFR 124.106 - When do disadvantaged individuals control an applicant or Participant?  

Science.gov (United States)

...disadvantaged individuals control an applicant or Participant? 124.106 Section 124.106 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS...Participation in the 8(a) Business Development Program § 124.106 When do disadvantaged individuals control...

2010-01-01

296

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...an SDB, the criteria of social and economic disadvantage and other eligibility...individual claiming economic disadvantage, his or her net worth must...must be the project manager responsible for performance of the...

2010-01-01

297

75 FR 5535 - Participation by Disadvantaged Business Enterprises in Department of Transportation Financial...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Participation by Disadvantaged Business Enterprises in Department of...their overall disadvantaged business enterprise (DBE) goal for...about moving to a three-year cycle: (1) The difficulty in estimating...transportation, Minority business, Reporting and...

2010-02-03

298

41 CFR 105-53.130-4 - Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization.  

Science.gov (United States)

...SERVICES ADMINISTRATION 53-STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS Central Offices ...Disadvantaged Business Utilization is responsible for the implementation and execution...including small businesses, small socially and economically disadvantaged...

2010-07-01

299

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...determining whether a firm qualifies as an SDB, the criteria of social and economic disadvantage and...whether a particular firm is actually owned and...adjustments, evaluation factors or subfactors, monetary...an individual claiming economic disadvantage, his...

2010-01-01

300

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...qualifies as an SDB, the criteria of social and economic disadvantage and other eligibility requirements established in subpart...personal financial condition of an individual claiming economic disadvantage, his or her net worth must be less than $750,000...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

48 CFR 752.219-8 - Utilization of small business concerns and small disadvantaged business concerns.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 false Utilization of small business concerns and small disadvantaged...752.219-8 Utilization of small business concerns and small disadvantaged...Assistance Act calls for USAID to give small businesses an opportunity to...

2010-10-01

302

The Impact of Oral Health on the Academic Performance of Disadvantaged Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives. We measured the impact of dental diseases on the academic performance of disadvantaged children by sociodemographic characteristics and access to care determinants Methods. We performed clinical dental examinations on 1495 disadvantaged elementary and high school students from Los Angeles County public schools. We matched data with academic achievement and attendance data provided by the school district and linked these to the child’s social determinants of oral health and the impact of oral health on the child’s school and the parents’ school or work absences. Results. Students with toothaches were almost 4 times more likely to have a low grade point average. About 11% of students with inaccessible needed dental care missed school compared with 4% of those with access. Per 100 elementary and high school–aged children, 58 and 80 school hours, respectively, are missed annually. Parents averaged 2.5 absent days from work or school per year because of their children’s dental problems. Conclusions. Oral health affects students’ academic performance. Studies are needed that unbundle the clinical, socioeconomic, and cultural challenges associated with this epidemic of dental disease in children. PMID:22813093

Seirawan, Hazem; Faust, Sharon

2012-01-01

303

General design of a technical assistance program to help DOE/prime contractor buyers in doing business with small disadvantaged businesses  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report offers a design and recommendations for implementing a program of education to assist Department of Energy buyers and procurement officers in increasing the quality and quantity of small disadvantaged business (DB) participation in their contracted work. The recommendations are based on a previous companion report, ''Issues in Contracting with Small Minority Businesses,'' from which technical assistance and related needs were derived. The assistance program is based on buyer and disadvantaged-business needs, as determined from synthesizing the results of interviews with over two dozen minority business leaders and procurement officers.

Wood, M.T.; Radford, L.R.; Saari, L.M.; Wright, J.

1986-04-01

304

Nutrition habits of Physical Education and Sport High School students of Afyon Kocatepe University and factors affected the the nutrition habits  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study is carried out to determine the nutritional habits of students in Physical Education and Sport High School and the factors affecting the nutrition habits.Universe of the study was consisted of 224 undergraduate student from Afyon Kocatepe University Physical Education and Sport High School. In this study no sampling method was used and tried to reach all of the universe. 208 student joined this study. To collect data a survey was used which consist 24 question about nutrition habits and socio-demographic chracteristics. In analyzing the data SPSS 18.0 packet programme is used. After finding the frequency and percentage (% distributions, Chi-Square Test was used to evaluate the affects of socio-demographic chracteristic on the nutrition habits. Significance level is determined to be 0.01 and 0.05 for Chi-Square Test.It was found that the mean age in men 21,9±2,07 and women 21,12±2,25. In this study it was determined that % 83,2 of the students were passed meal because of time (% 46,6 and anorexia (% 26,4 . It was determined that 61.5% of the students' did not do the regular breakfast and a very low proportion of students have regularly breakfast (38.5%.It was seen that 47.1% of the students have 2 meals in a day and evening meals were more regular than breakfast and lunch. While chosing their favorite meal students cleanless of dishes (48.6%, favorite meal (59%, 6 and satisfactory (39.4% is effective in preference. Only 14.4% of the students have believed that they have balanced and regularly nutrition and 45.7% of them thought they have partly balanced and regularly nutrition.It was determined that sociodemographic characteristics of the students were effective in nutrition, students living in the dormitory, with good economic status and who believe that they have got adequate level of nutrition knowledge have passed less meal and have regular breakfast.As a result, it was found that students from Physical Education and Sport High School have inadequate knowledge on nutrition and nutrition education, they often skip meal and most of them have two meals ?n a day. A very low proportion of them have regular breakfast.In addition, it was seen that students who have good economic status and lived in the dormitory and believe that they have got adequate level of nutrition knowledge have passed less meal and have regular breakfast and regular nutrition.

Yunus Tortop

2011-03-01

305

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...controlled by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...accruing directly to the socially and economically disadvantaged...assessing the personal financial condition of an individual...controlled by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...the project manager responsible for performance of...

2010-01-01

306

49 CFR Appendix E to Part 26 - Individual Determinations of Social and Economic Disadvantage  

Science.gov (United States)

...identities as members of groups and without regard...qualities. Social disadvantage must stem from...circumstances shows disadvantage in entering into...contracts or other work, unequal treatment...social and economic disadvantage, people with disabilities are not a group presumed to be...

2010-10-01

307

34 CFR 403.113 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area...  

Science.gov (United States)

...vocational education school or intermediate educational...economically disadvantaged students and students with disabilities that...vocational education school or intermediate educational...though that amount is less than the minimum...

2010-07-01

308

The Survey of Viewpoint of Teleworkers in Department of Information Processing about Advantages and Disadvantages of Teleworking  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract: Information and communication technology has had effects on the different aspects of living, like working ways. One of these effects is to work anywhere, far away office and without geographical limitation. This working method has advantages and disadvantages that can affect on its performance and contituity in organizations and offices. This article reviewed shortly the literature of teleworking and the advantages and disadvantages of teleworking, then surveyed the viewpoint of teleworkers in department of information processing in National Libray and Archives of I.R. of Iran. The results showed that teleworking had benefits and porblems in this department and despite of that fact (especially weakness in techonogical infrastructs, all of teleworkers in research population (100% tended continue teleworking. Teleworkers had a high satisfaction of teleworking (5/53.

Zahra Tahavori

2014-02-01

309

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, the Maldives...consider education, employment and business history...education. (B) Employment. SBA considers such...terms and conditions of employment; retaliatory or...

2010-01-01

310

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...a) Business Development Eligibility...a) Business Development Program § 124...Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia...Administrator for Business Development (AA/BD) for...SBA will consider education, employment and...institutions of higher education,...

2010-01-01

311

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...SBA considers such factors as denial of equal access to institutions of higher education...which discouraged the individual from pursuing a professional or business education...circumstances, unequal treatment in opportunities for government contracts or other...

2010-01-01

312

Adverse birth outcomes in African American women: the social context of persistent reproductive disadvantage.  

Science.gov (United States)

African Americans have the highest rates of infant mortality and adverse birth outcomes of all major racial/ethnic groups in the United States. The long-standing nature of this disparity suggests the need to shift epidemiologic focus from individual-level risk factors to the larger social forces that shape disease risk in populations. In this article, the African American reproductive disadvantage is discussed within the context of American race relations. The review of the literature focuses on racism as a social determinant of race-based disparities in adverse birth outcomes with specific attention to the viability of genetic explanations, the role of socioeconomic factors, the multidimensional nature of racism, and the stress-induced physiologic pathways by which racism may negatively affect pregnancy. Implications for social work research and practice also are discussed. PMID:21213184

Dominguez, Tyan Parker

2011-01-01

313

Theories of Communications in Managing Industrial Enterprises: Advantages and Disadvantages ?????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????????: ???????????? ? ??????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article marks out the problem of sharp necessity of increase of effectiveness of communication processes at Ukrainian enterprises. It justifies a necessity to study the existing developments of Ukrainian and foreign scientists in this field. It conducts analysis of main theories of communication in managing industrial enterprises. It studies main definitions of the “communication process” notion, and establishes stages of this process in general and at an enterprise in particular. It studies evolution of models of the communication process, starting with the very first ones and finishing with the modern ones. It reveals their advantages and disadvantages. It establishes that the main disadvantage of these models is insufficient accountability of factors of practical and economic efficiency of the communication process. It analyses modern channels of the communication process from the point of view of origination and degree of use at enterprises. It justifies advantages of some channels of the communication process over the other ones. It identifies prospects of further studies.? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ???????????? ?? ???????????? ???????. ?????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ? ?????? ???????. ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????????. ??????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? «??????? ????????????», ??????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ????? ???? ? ?? ??????????? ? ?????????. ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????, ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????????????. ???????? ?? ???????????? ? ??????????. ???????????, ??? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????????. ???????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ? ????? ?????? ????????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ?? ????????????. ?????????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ???????. ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????????.

Tertychko Tetiana

2013-07-01

314

A summer academic research experience for disadvantaged youth.  

Science.gov (United States)

Internships are an effective way of connecting high school students in a meaningful manner to the sciences. Disadvantaged minorities have fewer opportunities to participate in internships, and are underrepresented in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics majors and careers. We have developed a Summer Academic Research Experience (SARE) program that provides an enriching academic internship to underrepresented youth. Our program has shown that to have a successful internship for these disadvantaged youth, several issues need to be addressed in addition to scientific mentoring. We have found that it is necessary to remediate and/or fortify basic academic skills for students to be successful. In addition, students need to be actively coached in the development of professional skills, habits, and attitudes necessary for success in the workplace. With all these factors in place, these youths can become better students, compete on a more level playing field in their internships, and increase their potential of participating actively in the sciences in the future. PMID:24006390

Kabacoff, Cathryn; Srivastava, Vasudha; Robinson, Douglas N

2013-01-01

315

13 CFR 127.203 - What are the rules governing the requirement that economically disadvantaged women must own EDWOSBs?  

Science.gov (United States)

...ability to compete in the free enterprise system has been...the woman claiming economic disadvantage, including her personal...a woman claiming economic disadvantage transferred within two years...the woman claiming economic disadvantage if the assets were...

2010-01-01

316

13 CFR 124.1013 - How does SBA make disadvantaged status determinations in considering an SDB protest?  

Science.gov (United States)

...persons contacted for additional specific information. (e) Disadvantaged status. In evaluating the social and economic disadvantage of individuals claiming disadvantaged status, SBA will consider the same information and factors set forth in §§...

2010-01-01

317

41 CFR 102-117.35 - What are the advantages and disadvantages of using GSA's tender of service?  

Science.gov (United States)

... false What are the advantages and disadvantages of using GSA's tender...102-117.35 What are the advantages and disadvantages of using GSA's tender...claims. (b) It is a disadvantage to use GSA's...

2010-07-01

318

41 CFR 102-117.55 - What are the advantages and disadvantages of using a rate tender?  

Science.gov (United States)

... false What are the advantages and disadvantages of using a rate tender...102-117.55 What are the advantages and disadvantages of using a rate tender...a rate tender may be a disadvantage when: (1) You...

2010-07-01

319

Economic disadvantage and transitional outcomes: a study of young people from low-income families in Hong Kong  

Science.gov (United States)

This study draws on data from focus groups involving 50 young people from low-income families in Hong Kong to investigate their school-to-work experiences. In line with the ecological–developmental perspective, our results show that contextual influences, including lower levels of parental involvement and lack of opportunities for further education or skill development, constrain both the formulation and pursuit of educational and career goals. In contrast, service use and supportive interactions with parents and non-family adults were found to help young people find a career direction and foster more adaptive transition. Furthermore, our results indicate a striking difference in intrapersonal agency and coping styles between youths who were attending further education or engaged in jobs with career advancement opportunities and those who were not. We discuss the implications of our findings, both for future research and for policy development to enhance the school-to-work transition of economically disadvantaged young people. PMID:25364087

Ngai, Steven Sek Yum; Cheung, Jacky Chau-Kiu; To, Siu-ming; Luan, Hui; Zhao, Ruiling

2014-01-01

320

Consumer Education For Families With Limited Incomes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Prepared by the Home Economics Instructional Materials Center at Texas Tech University after a literature review and interviews with persons teaching low-income adults, and tested with groups of disadvantaged adults, this guide is for teacher use in providing disadvantaged adults with consumer education information. Section I describes the…

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock.

 
 
 
 
321

Overlapping and distinct representations of advantageous and disadvantageous inequality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Advantageous inequality (AI) aversion, or paying at a personal cost to achieve equal reward distribution, represents a unique feature of human behavior. Here, we show that individuals have strong preferences for fairness in both disadvantageous (DI) and advantageous inequality (AI) situations, such that they alter others' payoff at a personal financial cost. At the neural level, we found that both types of inequality activated the putamen, orbitofrontal cortex, and insula, regions implicated in motivation. Individual difference analyses found that those who spent more money to increase others' payoff had stronger activity in putamen when they encountered AI and less functional connectivity between putamen and both orbitofrontal cortex and anterior insula. Conversely, those who spent more money to reduce others' payoff had stronger activity in amygdala in response to DI and less functional connectivity between amygdala and ventral anterior cingulate cortex. These dissociations suggest that both types of inequality are processed by similar brain areas, yet modulated by different neural pathways. PMID:25050425

Yu, Rongjun; Calder, Andrew J; Mobbs, Dean

2014-07-01

322

Daylight-mediated photodynamic therapy in Spain: advantages and disadvantages.  

Science.gov (United States)

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an option for the treatment of actinic keratosis, Bowen disease, and certain types of basal cell carcinoma. It is also used to treat various other types of skin condition, including inflammatory and infectious disorders. The main disadvantages of PDT are the time it takes to administer (both for the patient and for health professionals) and the pain associated with treatment. Daylight-mediated PDT has recently been reported to be an alternative to the conventional approach. Several studies have shown it to be similar in efficacy to and better tolerated than classic PDT for the treatment of mild to moderate actinic keratosis. Nevertheless, most of these studies are from northern Europe, and no data have been reported from southern Europe. The present article reviews the main studies published to date, presents the treatment protocol, and summarizes our experience with a group of treated patients. PMID:24726043

Pérez-Pérez, L; García-Gavín, J; Gilaberte, Y

2014-09-01

323

Resistance of Aedes aegypti to temephos and adaptive disadvantages.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the resistance of Aedes aegypti to temephos Fersol 1G (temephos 1% w/w) associated with the adaptive disadvantage of insect populations in the absence of selection pressure. METHODS A diagnostic dose of 0.28 mg a.i./L and doses between 0.28 mg a.i./L and 1.40 mg a.i./L were used. Vector populations collected between 2007 and 2008 in the city of Campina Grande, state of Paraíba, were evaluated. To evaluate competition in the absence of selection pressure, insect populations with initial frequencies of 20.0%, 40.0%, 60.0%, and 80.0% resistant individuals were produced and subjected to the diagnostic dose for two months. Evaluation of the development of aquatic and adult stages allowed comparison of the life cycles in susceptible and resistant populations and construction of fertility life tables. RESULTS No mortality was observed in Ae. aegypti populations subjected to the diagnostic dose of 0.28 mg a.i./L. The decreased mortality observed in populations containing 20.0%, 40.0%, 60.0%, and 80.0% resistant insects indicates that temephos resistance is unstable in the absence of selection pressure. A comparison of the life cycles indicated differences in the duration and viability of the larval phase, but no differences were observed in embryo development, sex ratio, adult longevity, and number of eggs per female. CONCLUSIONS The fertility life table results indicated that some populations had reproductive disadvantages compared with the susceptible population in the absence of selection pressure, indicating the presence of a fitness cost in populations resistant to temephos. PMID:25372168

Diniz, Morgana Michele Cavalcanti de Souza Leal; Henriques, Alleksandra Dias da Silva; Leandro, Renata da Silva; Aguiar, Dalvanice Leal; Beserra, Eduardo Barbosa

2014-10-01

324

Indigenous Students in the Tertiary Education Sector  

Science.gov (United States)

Important recent objectives of indigenous education policy in Australia have been aimed at redressing indigenous economic and social disadvantage through increasing student retention, progression and completion rates in both compulsory and post-compulsory education. The two sectors of the tertiary education system, vocational education and…

Bandias, Susan; Fuller, Don; Larkin, Steven

2014-01-01

325

The Project Onderwijs en Sociaal Milieu (The Project Education and Social Environment).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Rotterdam City Council's Project "Education and Social Environment" was established to improve the educational environment for disadvantaged children in two workinq class neighborhoods in Rotterdam, Netherlands. First, the problems of educationally disadvantaged children are discussed. Next, the planning, organizational, and developmental…

Rotterdam School Advisory Service (Netherlands).

326

O imperativo do afeto na educação infantil: a ordem do discurso de pedagogas em formação / The imperative of affect in early childhood education: the order of discourse of undergraduate education students  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo apresenta resultados de uma pesquisa que teve como foco de análise a problematização dos discursos sobre afeto docente presentes em relatórios de um estágio realizado em turmas de Educação Infantil por 30 acadêmicas de Pedagogia em fase de conclusão do curso. O objetivo do artigo é probl [...] ematizar como os discursos sobre afeto se constituem enquanto imperativos que inventam e regulam os modos de exercício docente. O campo de estudos no qual se fundamentou a pesquisa foi o dos estudos culturais e dos estudos desenvolvidos por Michel Foucault. A metodologia consistiu na análise do discurso foucaultiana, por meio da qual foram destacadas as regularidades e inflexões presentes nos relatórios. Estes foram escritos a partir de elementos recordatórios, como fotos, planejamentos e demais registros das acadêmicas. A análise evidenciou a assunção da afetividade como um imperativo profissional associado a um processo de generificação da docência. A partir da pesquisa, concluiu-se que os significados do afeto no exercício da docência só existem como resultados inacabados de processos que tratam de nomeá-lo e conformá-lo. Por essa razão, se for assumida a perspectiva de que os discursos que tomam o afeto como imperativo docente presentes nos relatórios analisados são produzidos pelas práticas sociais, pelas relações de poder e pelo tipo de lógica disciplinar que os operacionaliza, é possível desnaturalizá-los e reinventá-los, experimentando outros modos de agir e de pensar o exercício da docência na Educação Infantil. Abstract in english This article presents the results of a study that focused on the problematization of the discourses on teacher affect present in reports of an internship in early childhood education classes of 30 Education students nearing graduation. The aim of this paper is to discuss how discourses on affect bec [...] ome imperatives that invent and regulate the ways of teaching. The research was based on cultural studies and the studies developed by Michel Foucault. Its methodology consisted of Foucauldian discourse analysis, through which regularities and inflections found in the reports were highlighted. These reports were written using memory aids such as photos, plans, and other records of the students. The analysis evidenced the assumption of affection as a professional imperative associated with a process of gendering of teaching. From the research, it was concluded that the meanings of affect in the teaching profession only exist as unfinished results of processes that deal with naming it and shaping it. For this reason, if one assumes the perspective that the discourses that take affect as a teacher imperative, as the ones present in the reports analyzed, are produced by social practices, by the relations of power and type of disciplinary logic that operationalizes such discourses, it is possible to denaturalize them and reinvent them, experimenting with other ways of acting and thinking of teaching in early childhood education.

Rodrigo Saballa de, Carvalho.

2014-03-01

327

Education  

...Historic BuildingsFAQ - Historic MonumentsArchaeologyTreasureResearch DataHeritage CrimeValue of HeritageConservation PhilosophyStatisticsLinksContact UsEducationMaintenanceThe Normans in Ireland...

328

Education  

...the Seas ReportWater Facts BookletWater QualityWater PollutionPollution PreventionEducationOil Care campaignPotential PollutersUK SpillPollution ResponseWater Pollution HotlineContingency Planning...

329

Affective Education Handbook for Vocational Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Designed to introduce the vocational teacher to activities through which peer interaction promotes the understanding of self and others in a working environment, this handbook provides activities that focus on attitudes, interests, and values development. The first topic, work habits, deals with absenteeism, coffee break abuse, communication…

Odum, Nancy L.; And Others

330

Affective Dissent  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article identifies a form of affective bio-politics more intimate, engrained and corporeally enacted than that identified in recent work emphasising the affective qualities of activism and labour. While these latter reinforce and bolster existing analyses through the identification of further affective concerns, affective bio-politics suggests that neoliberalism supports and sustains itself quite fundamentally through, what have generally been, unrecognised affective means. While such affective regulation can only ever be partial and imprecise its unrecognised, and thus implicitly concealed, character lends it a particular cogency. Illuminating the mechanisms through which such affective regulatory modulation is achieved thus has a powerful potential to clarify further opportunities to disrupt and counter neoliberalism. This account juxtaposes an analysis of affective bio-politics with existing analyses of the affective, and performative, dimensions to activist politics, in order to facilitate the identification of specific opportunities for further affective contestationary strategies.

Stephen Healy

2013-08-01

331

13 CFR 124.103 - Who is socially disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

...SBA will consider education, employment and business history, where applicable, to see if the totality...the individual into nonprofessional or non-business fields. (C) Business history. SBA considers such factors as...

2010-01-01

332

Using Environmental Scans in Educational Needs Assessment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents advantages and disadvantages of environmental scanning for assessing the context of professional continuing education. Provides a checklist for evaluating the quality and usefulness of information sources. Addresses the ethics of scanning. (SK)

Hatch, Terry F.; Pearson, Thomas G.

1998-01-01

333

Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Government schools in Congo kinshasa are not providing quality education to the masses since many years, and this phenomenon has not escaped the eyes of experts, activists, and policy makers. However, there seems to be a general perception that the main, and sometimes even the sole, source of this problem are the low levels of government expenditure of education. And to prove their case supports of this view cite educational expenditure to GDP ratios in Congo kinshasa in comparison with that of some other nations. Though there may be reasonable arguments to increase the level of government expenditure on education, such hijacking of public debate to focus on - the level of expenditure - often overlooks more important issues. Contrary to common perception the level of per student expenditure on government schools in Delhi is reasonable, ranging from Fc.6000 to Fc.12000 p.a. There are a number of organisational deficiencies which do not create checks and balances for appropriate utilization of fund. Moreover, the division of these funds among social groups and for different purposes is also questionable. Though, female literacy lags significantly behind male literacy, about 15% points, extra resources provided for female education are insignificant. And in some schemes such as the one run for 'street children' and 'child labourers', large amounts are budgeted year after year without a single French congolese being spent. Also government schools catering to richer regions of Kinshasa seem to be spending more per child as compared to the poorer counterparts. The paper also proposes an education voucher model, which may have the potential to address some of the issues raised in the paper. Trends in expenditure under some schemes have been studied in relation to the purpose of expenditure. The issue of government expenditure on education is a complex one, and public space should be utilized to discuss them as they are, rather than reducing discussion to dogmatic wars aimed at increasing the levels of expenditure. Though, one may agree or disagree with the methods and findings of the author, hopefully the paper highlight the complexity of the issue at hand, and the need to understand the institutional deficiencies and allocative inefficiencies in government expenditure on education.

Lundja, J. O.; Decrosta, J. T.; Lechuga, P.

2009-05-01

334

Is the Marketing Concept Adequate for Continuing Education?  

Science.gov (United States)

Because educators have a social responsibility to those they teach, the marketing concept may not be adequate as a philosophy for continuing education. In attempting to broaden the audience for continuing education, educators should consider a societal marketing concept to meet the needs of the educationally disadvantaged. (SK)

Rittenburg, Terri L.

1984-01-01

335

Advantages and disadvantages of biodegradable platforms in drug eluting stents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Coronary angioplasty with drug-eluting stent (DES implantation is currently the most common stent procedure worldwide. Since the introduction of DES, coronary restenosis as well as the incidence of target vessel and target lesion revascularization have been significantly reduced. However, the incidence of very late stent thrombosis beyond the first year after stent deployment has more commonly been linked to DES than to bare-metal stent (BMS implantation. Several factors have been associated with very late stent thrombosis after DES implantation, such as delayed healing, inflammation, stent mal-apposition and endothelial dysfunction. Some of these adverse events were associated with the presence of durable polymers, which were essential to allow the elution of the immunosuppressive drug in the first DES designs. The introduction of erodable polymers in DES technology has provided the potential to complete the degradation of the polymer simultaneously or immediately after the release of the immunosuppressive drug, after which a BMS remains in place. Several DES designs with biodegradable (BIO polymers have been introduced in preclinical and clinical studies, including randomized trials. In this review, we analyze the clinical results from 6 observational and randomized studies with BIO polymers and discuss advantages and disadvantages of this new technology.

Agustina Rodriguez-Granillo, Bibiana Rubilar, Gaston Rodriguez-Granillo, Alfredo E Rodriguez

2011-03-01

336

Overlapping and distinct representations of advantageous and disadvantageous inequality  

Science.gov (United States)

Advantageous inequality (AI) aversion, or paying at a personal cost to achieve equal reward distribution, represents a unique feature of human behavior. Here, we show that individuals have strong preferences for fairness in both disadvantageous (DI) and advantageous inequality (AI) situations, such that they alter others' payoff at a personal financial cost. At the neural level, we found that both types of inequality activated the putamen, orbitofrontal cortex, and insula, regions implicated in motivation. Individual difference analyses found that those who spent more money to increase others' payoff had stronger activity in putamen when they encountered AI and less functional connectivity between putamen and both orbitofrontal cortex and anterior insula. Conversely, those who spent more money to reduce others' payoff had stronger activity in amygdala in response to DI and less functional connectivity between amygdala and ventral anterior cingulate cortex. These dissociations suggest that both types of inequality are processed by similar brain areas, yet modulated by different neural pathways. Hum Brain Mapp 35:3290–3301, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25050425

Yu, Rongjun; Calder, Andrew J; Mobbs, Dean

2014-01-01

337

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: disadvantages and possible benefits.  

Science.gov (United States)

We review here some recent data about Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), the housekeeping X-linked gene encoding the first enzyme of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), a NADPH-producing dehydrogenase. This enzyme has been popular among clinicians, biochemists, geneticists and molecular biologists because it is the most common form of red blood cell enzymopathy. G6PD deficient erythrocytes do not generate NADPH in any other way than through the PPP and for this reason they are more susceptible than any other cells to oxidative damage. Moreover, this enzyme has also been of crucial importance in many significant discoveries; indeed, G6PD polymorphisms have been instrumental in studying X-inactivation in the human species, as well as in establishing the clonal nature of certain tumors. G6PD deficiency, generally considered as a mild and benign condition, is significantly disadvantageous in certain environmental conditions like in presence of certain drugs. Nevertheless, G6PD deficiency has been positively selected by malaria, and recent knowledge seems to show that it also confers an advantage against the development of cancer, reduces the risk of coronary diseases and has a beneficial effect in terms of longevity. PMID:23534950

Manganelli, Genesia; Masullo, Ugo; Passarelli, Stefania; Filosa, Stefania

2013-03-01

338

Operation of roof pond systems, considering its advantages and disadvantages  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

With the coming shortage of fossil fuels it is important to develop energy efficient buildings to reduce both energy consumption and pollution at the same time. The roof pond system is a passive solar system which gathers heat from the sun and can distribute it to the living space to cool it or heat it by changing the operating cycle. Although not recent, this method has not been widely implemented due to certain limitations and the aim of this paper is to assess the different advantages and disadvantages of this system over other passive solar heating systems. This study showed that a roof pond has a low impact on the building, provides controllable energy delivery and variations in indoor temperature are low; however it requires an active solar system as a backup and vegetation can limit sunlight penetration. This study highlighted that the efficiency of the roof system pond depends on climate conditions and that it is best suited to lower latitude and low humidity areas.

Noohi, Samira; Rezaei, Davood [Faculty of engineering, Zanjan University (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], email: noohi.sam@gmail.com, email: d_rezaei@znu.ac.ir

2011-07-01

339

A Career and Learning Transitional Model for Those Experiencing Labour Market Disadvantage  

Science.gov (United States)

Research investigating the learning and career transitions of those disadvantaged in the labour market has resulted in the development of a four-component model to enable disadvantaged groups to navigate learning and career transitions. The four components of the model include: the self-concept; learning and recognition; career and life planning;…

Cameron, Roslyn

2009-01-01

340

Multiple Levels of Social Disadvantage and Links to Obesity in Adolescence and Young Adulthood  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The rise in adolescent obesity has become a public health concern, especially because of its impact on disadvantaged youth. This article examines the role of disadvantage at the family-, peer-, school-, and neighborhood-level, to determine which contexts are related to obesity in adolescence and young adulthood. Methods: We analyzed…

Lee, Hedwig; Harris, Kathleen M.; Lee, Joyce

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...accruing directly to the socially and economically disadvantaged...ii) Submitted an application for SDB certification...determination regarding that application. (2) For purposes...controlled by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...the project manager responsible for performance...

2010-01-01

342

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...SDB, the criteria of social and economic...owned by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...controlled by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...controlled by one or more socially and economically...the project manager responsible for performance of...

2010-01-01

343

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...owned by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...NHOs, and CDCs, whose management and daily business operations...controlled by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged...controlled by one or more socially and economically...the project manager responsible for performance of...

2010-01-01

344

Physical Fitness and Academic Performance in Primary School Children with and without a Social Disadvantage  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the differences between children with a low socioeconomic status [socially disadvantaged children (SDC)] and children without this disadvantage (non-SDC) on physical fitness and academic performance. In addition, this study determined the association between physical fitness and academic performance, and investigated the…

de Greeff, J. W.; Hartman, E.; Mullender-Wijnsma, M. J.; Bosker, R. J.; Doolaard, S.; Visscher, C.

2014-01-01

345

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...social and economic disadvantage and other...by one or more socially and economically...and CDCs, whose management and daily business...by one or more socially and economically...claiming economic disadvantage, his or her net...project manager responsible for...

2010-01-01

346

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES FOR ISCO METHODS IN-SITU FENTON OXIDATION IN-SITU PERMANGANATE OXIDATION  

Science.gov (United States)

The advantages and disadvantages of in-situ Fenton oxidation and in-situ permanganate oxidation will be presented. This presentation will provide a brief overview of each technology and a detailed analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of each technology. Included in the ...

347

FAIR VALUE IN FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays, there are many demands coming from all over the world to establish or to secure the possibility of comparability of the information provided in financial statements, and to make this information as reliable and accurate as possible, and therefore making it useful and beneficial for anyone who uses them. These requests demand adjustment of the content of accounted data in every single country, which might have its own accounting standards, to international norms of accounting. Substantial form of the synchronization or unification that attempts to harmonize accounting is the International Accounting Standards / International Financial Reporting Standards (IAS/IFRS, which are mainly focusing on financial statements, and seeking the solutions for problems connected with it. Financial statements, being one of the main concerns of the IAS/IFRS that should lead to a better comparability, higher predication and also to achieve higher utility for users, is getting more and more important. One of the tools that should help achieve these demands in financial statements is called “Fair value”. Despite the intents and plans, however it is still quite difficult to establish, whether its contribution to the improvement of accounting standards is really beneficial. Main aim of this paper is to examine and depict the advantages and disadvantages connected to the fair value, providing the reader with objective information and thorough insight into the problems and benefits of fair value.Partial objectives of this paper are to define the concept of fair value, to provide information about theoretical background and evolution of fair value and to examine and describe the possible future development of fair value.

Miroslav Škoda

2012-01-01

348

Development of Nuclear Energy in Ukraine. Necessity, Advantages and Disadvantages  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

According to current projections of economic development of Ukraine, domestic consumption of electricity will grow from the present level of 190 billion kWh / year to about 280 billion kWh / year in 2030, which determines the prospects of the electricity industry development. Alternative ''green'' energy sources - solar, wind and small hydropower can develop only within a commercially reasonable considering temporary ''green'' tariff, which is far above the rates for traditional sources. According to prognoses the share of ''green'' energy sources in Ukraine in 2030 will not exceed 10-15% regardless of their environmental appeal. The updated nuclear energy development strategy by 2030 will save the share of nuclear electricity generation at the achieved level about half of total domestic electricity production. Development of nuclear power generation in the period to 2030 provides: increase the safety of the operating NPP; efficiency increase of existing nuclear power plants (up to 85% in terms of the basic mode of operation); continued of NPP units operation for 20 years over time, provided the original design; completion of the units 3,4 Khmelnitsky nuclear power plant in 2017; construction and commissioning prior to 2027 three new nuclear power units the total capacity to 3.5 GW on new NPP site; beginning in 2022-2029 years construction of new nuclear reactors at sites of existing nuclear power plants to replace existing units that will be decommissioned after 2030; implementation of the units preparation to decommissioning after an additional period of operation; improvement of infrastructure support and development of nuclear power generation. In the article analyzes the necessity, advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy in Ukraine in the Updated Energy Strategy of Ukraine until 2030.(author).

349

Community socioeconomic disadvantage and the survival of infants with congenital heart defects.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives. We examined the association between survival of infants with severe congenital heart defects (CHDs) and community-level indicators of socioeconomic status. Methods. We identified infants born to residents of Arizona, New Jersey, New York, and Texas between 1999 and 2007 with selected CHDs from 4 population-based, statewide birth defect surveillance programs. We linked data to the 2000 US Census to obtain 11 census tract-level socioeconomic indicators. We estimated survival probabilities and hazard ratios adjusted for individual characteristics. Results. We observed differences in infant survival for 8 community socioeconomic indicators (P?education (AHR?=?1.51; 95% CI?=?1.16, 1.96), and operator or laborer occupations (AHR?=?1.54; 95% CI?=?1.16, 1.96). Survival decreased with increasing numbers of indicators that were in the most disadvantaged decile. Community-level mortality risk persisted when we adjusted for individual-level characteristics. Conclusions. The increased mortality risk among infants with CHDs living in socioeconomically deprived communities might indicate barriers to quality and timely care at which public health interventions might be targeted. PMID:25211743

Kucik, James E; Nembhard, Wendy N; Donohue, Pamela; Devine, Owen; Wang, Ying; Minkovitz, Cynthia S; Burke, Thomas

2014-11-01

350

The job satisfaction of principals of previously disadvantaged schools: new light on an old issue  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to identify influences on the job satisfaction of previously disadvantaged school principals in North- West Province. Evans's theory of job satisfaction, morale and motivation was useful as a conceptual framework. A mixed-methods explanatory research design was important in discovering issues with which these principals struggled. Thirty principals of secondary schools located in the rural villages and townships in the province were purposefully selected. A structured questionnaire was used during the quantitative phase. The items in the questionnaire determined the principals' views on intrinsic and contextual factors related to their working environment. These items were followed by open-ended questions. Additional qualitative data were obtained through interviews with eight principals selected from the same group. Although the principals enjoyed intrinsic aspects of their work and positive interpersonal relations at their schools, the results were significant in determining how the principals struggled with other issues (e.g. policies and practices of the Department of Basic Education. Underpinning factors were unrealistic expectations and negative perceptions that influenced their professionalism. A key factor that emerged was power versus powerlessness.

T P Maforah

2012-01-01

351

Oral language supports early literacy: A pilot cluster randomized trial in disadvantaged schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract This study examined the impact of teacher professional development aimed at improving the capacity of primary teachers in disadvantaged schools to strengthen children's expressive and receptive oral language skills and early literacy success in the first 2 years of school. Fourteen low-SES schools in Victoria, Australia were randomly allocated to a research (n = 8) or control arm (n = 6), resulting in an initial sample of 1254 students, (n = 602 in research arm and n = 652 in control arm). The intervention comprised 6 days of teacher and principal professional development (delivered by language and literacy experts), school-based continuing contact with the research team and completion by one staff member of each research school of a postgraduate unit on early language and literacy. Schools in the control arm received standard teaching according to state auspiced curriculum guidelines. Full data were available on 979 students at follow-up (time 2). Students in the research arm performed significantly better on Test of Language Development: Primary (Fourth Edition) sub-tests (p ? .002) and the Reading Progress Test (F = 10.4(1); p = .001) than students in the control arm at time 2. Narrative scores were not significantly different at time 2, although students in research schools showed greater gains. Findings provide "proof of concept" for this approach, and are discussed with respect to implications for teacher professional development and pre-service education concerning the psycholinguistic competencies that underpin the transition to literacy. PMID:24160184

Snow, Pamela C; Eadie, Patricia A; Connell, Judy; Dalheim, Brenda; McCusker, Hugh J; Munro, John K

2014-10-01

352

The job satisfaction of principals of previously disadvantaged schools: new light on an old issue  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of this study was to identify influences on the job satisfaction of previously disadvantaged school principals in North- West Province. Evans's theory of job satisfaction, morale and motivation was useful as a conceptual framework. A mixed-methods explanatory research design was important in [...] discovering issues with which these principals struggled. Thirty principals of secondary schools located in the rural villages and townships in the province were purposefully selected. A structured questionnaire was used during the quantitative phase. The items in the questionnaire determined the principals' views on intrinsic and contextual factors related to their working environment. These items were followed by open-ended questions. Additional qualitative data were obtained through interviews with eight principals selected from the same group. Although the principals enjoyed intrinsic aspects of their work and positive interpersonal relations at their schools, the results were significant in determining how the principals struggled with other issues (e.g. policies and practices of the Department of Basic Education). Underpinning factors were unrealistic expectations and negative perceptions that influenced their professionalism. A key factor that emerged was power versus powerlessness.

T P, Maforah; S, Schulze.

353

Entrepreneurial orientation and practice: three case examples of historically disadvantaged primary schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Historically disadvantaged schools are mostly in a position where they cannot easily practise entrepreneurial customs like innovation, proactiveness and risktaking. However, some of these schools perform well under similar circumstances and show strong entrepreneurial inclinations. In fact, in research conducted in 2006, Lebusa and Xaba found that there were very strong prospects of fostering entrepreneurial customs at historically disadvantaged schools. It was found that schools were already practising innovativeness, proactiveness and risk-taking, albeit unintentionally. We report on the practice of innovativeness, proactiveness and risk-taking at historically disadvantaged schools. Case examples of three successful entrepreneurial historically disadvantaged primary schools are presented. Results indicate novel and innovative ventures undertaken at these schools and clearly indicate that some historically disadvantaged schools are indeed entrepreneurially oriented.

Mgadla Xaba

2010-01-01

354

Entrepreneurial orientation and practice: three case examples of historically disadvantaged primary schools  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Historically disadvantaged schools are mostly in a position where they cannot easily practise entrepreneurial customs like innovation, proactiveness and risktaking. However, some of these schools perform well under similar circumstances and show strong entrepreneurial inclinations. In fact, in resea [...] rch conducted in 2006, Lebusa and Xaba found that there were very strong prospects of fostering entrepreneurial customs at historically disadvantaged schools. It was found that schools were already practising innovativeness, proactiveness and risk-taking, albeit unintentionally. We report on the practice of innovativeness, proactiveness and risk-taking at historically disadvantaged schools. Case examples of three successful entrepreneurial historically disadvantaged primary schools are presented. Results indicate novel and innovative ventures undertaken at these schools and clearly indicate that some historically disadvantaged schools are indeed entrepreneurially oriented.

Mgadla, Xaba; Macalane, Malindi.

355

Higher education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

During the last five years higher education research in Germany seems to be in a significant upturn. This is a side effect partly of the obvious boom of empirical educational research in general and partly of the reform movement that has affected the German higher education system since middle of the 1990s. The demand for data in the field of higher education will increase considerably in future. The available data infrastructure for higher education research in Germany consists of two comple...

Wolter, Andra?

2009-01-01

356

Taxation for Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter of "Principles of School Business Management" provides a basic understanding of the mechanics of the various taxes used to raise money for education, the extent to which these taxes are utilized, the way they interrelate, and the criteria that can be used when judging their relative advantages and disadvantages. The chapter opens with…

Jones, Thomas H.

357

Barriers to School Involvement: Are Immigrant Parents Disadvantaged?  

Science.gov (United States)

Parental involvement at school offers unique opportunities for parents, and this school-based involvement has important implications for children's academic and behavioral outcomes. The authors used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (National Center for Education Statistics, 2001) to examine race and immigrant…

Turney, Kristin; Kao, Grace

2009-01-01

358

In First Person Plural: Growing Up with a Disadvantaged Community.  

Science.gov (United States)

From the perspective of the project leader, this book traces the growth and development of the Early Childhood and Family Education Project in Morasha, Israel, during the 8 years of its existence (1982-1990). Chapter 1 describes Morasha, a poor, immigrant neighborhood in Ramat HaSharon, and the author's childhood there. Chapter 2 describes the…

Salach, Simcha

359

A Longitudinal Analysis of UK Second-Generation Disadvantaged Immigrants  

Science.gov (United States)

We consider the relative academic achievement in primary school of second-generation immigrant children in the UK. The education progress of these groups of children is of historical interest and is also relevant to the policy debate today, since ethnic minority students in England continue to have lower levels of achievement in primary school,…

Meunier, Muriel; de Coulon, Augustin; Marcenaro-Gutierrez, Oscar; Vignoles, Anna

2013-01-01

360

The Influence of State Motivation, Content Relevance and Affective Learning on High School Students' Intentions to Use Class Content Following Completion of Compulsory Physical Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Little research has examined mechanisms leading to the utilization of compulsory physical education content in future contexts. This study tested a model in which motivation to be in physical education class functions as a predisposition influencing perceptions of teacher communication of content relevance, perceptions of course relevance to one's…

Webster, Collin; Mindrila, Diana; Weaver, Glenn

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Integrating Design Disciplines: Understanding the Potential for and Factors Affecting the Success of Interdisciplinary Design Education for Architecture and Landscape Architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

Interdisciplinary design education is becoming more important as design disciplines need various perspectives and solutions. However, only a limited amount of research has been done in regard to interdisciplinary design education. The goal of this study is to begin to answer the question about how designers and researchers develop and improve…

Koo, Tae Seo

2012-01-01

362

Brief Report. Educated Adults Are Still Affected by Intuitions about the Effect of Arithmetical Operations: Evidence from a Reaction-Time Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This study tested the hypothesis that intuitions about the effect of operations, e.g., "addition makes bigger" and "division makes smaller", are still present in educated adults, even after years of instruction. To establish the intuitive character, we applied a reaction time methodology, grounded in dual process theories of reasoning. Educated

Vamvakoussi, Xenia; Van Dooren, Wim; Verschaffel, Lieven

2013-01-01

363

Infusing Global Awareness Components of Environmental Education Programs into the Kindergarten - Grade Twelve Social Studies Curriculum for Purposes of Affecting Student Attitudes and Perspectives.  

Science.gov (United States)

The growing interrelatedness of life on Earth has increased the need for citizens to possess the knowledge and sensitivity required to comprehend the global dimensions of political, economic and cultural phenomena. Global education, a component of environmental education, can be incorporated into social studies in order to link concerns for humans…

Peters, Richard

364

[Are there class-specific disadvantages in utilization of medical rehabilitation?].  

Science.gov (United States)

Many studies prove the fact that the risk for morbidity and mortality is increased in lower social classes. Most chronical diseases also accumulate in lower classes. However, data are missing as to whether this social disadvantage also affects the use of medical rehabilitation, which could supply support in dealing with the consequences of such diseases. On the basis of questionnaire data of 3021 insures of the LVA pension insurance fund for workers, it was examined whether there are class specific differences in the need for medical rehabilitation and in the intention of insures to apply for such a measure and which kind of class specific barriers and attitudes may hinder the application. The results first of all confirm that insured of lower social classes are specially health strained and have a particular demand for rehabilitative offers. The insured, however, quite rarely rate themselves as requiring rehabilitation, whereas there is no significant class specific difference in the intention to apply for rehabilitation. There are significant differences in the attitudes which influence application for medical rehabilitation. Above all, there are economic considerations and job-related fears which hinder lower class insurees to apply for medical rehabilitation. This calls for action regarding implementation of special screenings and counselling. PMID:10652711

Bürger, W; Morfeld, M

1999-12-01

365

Exploring disadvantageous inequality aversion in children: how cost and discrepancy influence decision-making  

Science.gov (United States)

This research examined disadvantageous inequality aversion in 4- and 6-year-old children. Using the resource allocation paradigm, we explored how inequality aversion was influenced by whether a cost was associated with the equitable choice. We also investigated whether preferences for equality differed depending on whether the inequitable choice presented a small or large discrepancy between the payoff of the participant and their partner. The results demonstrated that cost plays a large role in decision-making, as children preferred equality more when there was no cost associated with it compared to when there was a cost. Interestingly, the effect of cost also affected discrepancy, with children more likely to choose equality when the discrepancy was large as opposed to small, in cost trials but not in no cost trials. Finally, the effect of discrepancy also interacted with age, with older children being more sensitive to the discrepancy between themselves and their partner. Together, these results suggest that children’s behavior is not indiscriminately guided by a generalized aversion to inequality or established fairness norms. Alternate motives for inequality aversion are discussed.

Moore, Chris

2014-01-01

366

Tackling low educational achievement  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This report examines the factors underlying low achievement in British education. It is important to find out why tens of thousands of young people leave school with no or very few qualifications. Low achievement at age 16 is associated with disadvantage and also a variety of outcomes by gender and ethnic group. Existing policies and practices within the educational system do not always help. Boys outnumber girls as low achievers by 20 per cent and white British boys comp...

Cassen, Robert; Kingdon, Geeta

2007-01-01

367

Closing the Education Gap: A Mayo Clinic Approach to Academic Achievement.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite recent efforts to provide equal education, agreement exists that blacks, females, and disadvantaged students as a group are outperformed in mathematics and science by white middle-class students. To help disadvantaged students, the Duval County Public Schools (Jacksonville, Florida) have developed a "Mayo Clinic" approach to education that…

Sang, Herb A.

368

Higher education and the economic and social empowerment of women -- the Asian experience.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examined the degree of socioeconomic empowerment of Asian women due to higher education (HE). Examples illustrate different cultural contexts and stages in development. Colonial administrations established the first modern educational institutions. These schools trained Western-oriented elites in Western and gender values. Uneven development led to increased socioeconomic differences and disparities by region, ethnicity, religion, and gender. The international focus on women's rights has helped with promotion of education for gender equity. But, the international economic climate has led to adverse outcomes for education. Educational mobility is restricted by exclusion or lack of access to HE. Most of the 15 countries with strong educational systems have minimal gender disparities in primary and secondary education, but even Japan has gender disparities in HE. In 9 South Asian countries, most girls are disadvantaged from birth through the school years. Women are not a homogenous group. Socioeconomic factors affect access to HE. Women are channeled into gender appropriate jobs. Gender division of labor and gender tracking in education limit course and occupational choices. Changes in labor market structures further affect the economic empowerment of female graduates. Demand for female labor migrants siphons off females. Access of women to positions of authority is limited. Women who do reach the top are viewed as role models. Gender based division of labor in the household has changed little. Only India and the Philippines have explicit, conscious policies to promote gender equity. PMID:12348990

Jayaweera, S

1997-10-01

369

Risk Determination in Projects. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Stochastic Methods  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper is a comparative study about the principal stochastic methods that is used in Project Management. Risk determination is a mustfor every Project Manager worldwide, but the methods have, of course, advantages and disadvantages. Further, many Project Managers work withdeterministic methods, but they see only the advantages or disadvantages of those methods. In Subject of this paper it is Risk determination inprojects. The advantages and disadvantages of stochastic methods. Choosing the theme of this paper is not randomly, it continues a series of articlespublished for strengthen of scientific research in the Doctorate studies that I followed since 2005.

Leonard Lepadatu

2009-10-01

370

77 FR 19995 - Funding Opportunity Title: Risk Management Education in Targeted States (Targeted States Program...  

Science.gov (United States)

...special emphasis on risk management strategies, education...United States; (C) Socially disadvantaged farmers...submitted for the Risk Management Education in Targeted...implementation of other risk management actions). Statement...specific subtasks, responsible entities...

2012-04-03

371

34 CFR 200.80 - Migrant Education Even Start Program definition.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Migrant Education Even Start Program definition. 200.80...ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED Even Start Family Literacy Program § 200.80 Migrant Education Even Start Program definition....

2010-07-01

372

The Evaluation of English Education Policies. CEE DP 131  

Science.gov (United States)

Educational inequalities are evident even before children start school. Some educational achievement gaps widen out as individuals progress further through the education sequence and into the labour market, especially those connected to disadvantaged students. Thus, there is a significant need for careful evaluation of educational policies that…

Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra

2011-01-01

373

The feasibility and appeal of mobile 'apps' for supporting healthy food purchasing and consumption among socioeconomically disadvantaged women: a pilot study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim This pilot study aimed to assess the feasibility and appeal of using existing hand-held mobile technology (iPod or iPad) 'apps' as tools promoting healthy food planning, shopping and eating behaviours among socioeconomically disadvantaged women. Methods Surveys were administered before and immediately after a 4-week trial of seven currently available iPod or iPad apps, each of which addressed known barriers to healthy eating among socioeconomically disadvantaged women. A convenience sample was recruited from a local community in Melbourne, Australia, comprising 19 women with a low education (fewer than 12 years of formal education) or a low income (a household income of less than $1000 per week, and/or having a pension or benefit as the main source of income). Results More than half of the sample (n=11, 61%) used most apps at least weekly over the study period. Few found any of the apps complex or difficult to use, and most (n=14) reported that they would use their preferred apps again. Features liked included portability, simplicity, user-friendliness, and novelty/new knowledge provided by certain apps; less appealing features included requirements for time-consuming data entry and inability to access features offline. Conclusions Selected iPod and iPad apps are useable and appealing to socioeconomically disadvantaged women. Particular features of apps, including simplicity of use and providing seasonal information, appear helpful in assisting women to plan, shop and consume healthy foods. So what? This study demonstrates a promising approach for reaching and engaging socioeconomically disadvantaged target populations in healthy eating, through the use of mobile apps. Further research establishing the effectiveness of these apps in promoting healthy food planning, shopping and eating behaviours is now warranted. PMID:25186008

Ball, Kylie; Mouchacca, Jennifer; Jackson, Michelle

2014-09-01

374

Teaching-Learning in the Affective Domain  

Science.gov (United States)

Affect is an important domain in which children learn. The affective domain of learning in physical education focuses on feelings, values, social behavior, and attitudes as they relate to human movement. Learning in the affective domain in physical education means that students learn such concepts as sportsmanship, "fair play," respect for others,…

Holt, Brett J.; Hannon, James C.

2006-01-01

375

13 CFR 124.1013 - How does SBA make disadvantaged status determinations in considering an SDB protest?  

Science.gov (United States)

...status determinations in considering an SDB protest? 124.1013 Section 124.1013 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS...to Federal Small Disadvantaged Business Programs § 124.1013 How does SBA make disadvantaged status...

2010-01-01

376

48 CFR 970.1907 - Subcontracting with Small Business, Small Disadvantaged Business and Woman-Owned Small Business...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Business, Small Disadvantaged Business and Woman-Owned Small Business Concerns. 970.1907 ...SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS ...Disadvantaged and Women-Owned Small Business Concerns 970.1907...

2010-10-01

377

Advocating for schools to provide effective HIV and sexuality education: a case study in how social service organizations working in coalition can (and should) affect sustained policy change.  

Science.gov (United States)

Advocates believed that to slow an expanding HIV/ AIDS epidemic in Washington, D.C., a local effort could ensure that HIV prevention was brought to scale. Schools were chosen as the focus and a new coalition advocated for the city government to pass new academic standards for health education. HIV and sex education policies had not been revised in more than 12 years and HIV education in D.C. public schools varied greatly in quality. Metro TeenAIDS (MTA), a traditional social service organization with no real history of advocacy work, reached only 10% of D.C. adolescents with critical HIV/AIDS prevention information. Clearly, to make a sustained impact, system change was necessary. After deciding to pursue a campaign focused on updating health education policy and creating standards, MTA convened a variety of reproductive health, adolescent medicine, and other organizations to establish the DC Healthy Youth Coalition. The Coalition used three complementary strategies to achieve campaign goals: mobilizing grassroots community support, involving parents in the discussion, and educating city leaders. By building an alliance of social service organizations and influencing critical public policy, the coalition ensured that new educational standards were passed. PMID:20488967

Ogusky, Jeremy; Tenner, Adam

2010-05-01

378

GLOBALISATION – ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE MANUFACTURER  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Years ago, at the beginning of the nuclear age, Einstein asserted that the atomic bomb would completely change the world. Currently, the same can be said about globalization. Globalization, thephenomenon which especially affects economy and life, is now one of the most debated topics in history: lectures, articles, books. Worldwide specialists in economics, politics, and sociology have analyzed in thousands of pages the phenomenon of globalization, its forms, evolution, impact and trends, but...

Adriana Manolic?; Teodora Roman

2012-01-01

379

78 FR 69336 - Title I-Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged  

Science.gov (United States)

...Title I--Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged AGENCY...rulemaking regarding modified academic achievement standards and alternate assessments based on those modified academic achievement standards. This notice...

2013-11-19

380

49 CFR 26.67 - What rules determine social and economic disadvantage?  

Science.gov (United States)

... Section 26.67 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PARTICIPATION BY DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISES IN DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Certification Standards § 26.67 What...

2010-10-01

 
 
 
 
381

75 FR 5551 - Participation by Disadvantaged Business Enterprises in Airport Concessions  

Science.gov (United States)

...of the Secretary 49 CFR Part 23 [Docket No. OST-2010-0022] RIN 2105-AD88 Participation by Disadvantaged Business Enterprises in Airport Concessions AGENCY: Office of the Secretary (OST), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed...

2010-02-03

382

75 FR 16357 - Participation by Disadvantaged Business Enterprises in Airport Concessions  

Science.gov (United States)

...of the Secretary 49 CFR Part 23 [Docket No. OST-2010-0022] RIN 2105-AD88 Participation by Disadvantaged Business Enterprises in Airport Concessions AGENCY: Office of the Secretary (OST), DOT. ACTION: Final...

2010-04-01

383

49 CFR Appendix E to Part 26 - Individual Determinations of Social and Economic Disadvantage  

Science.gov (United States)

...Appendix E to Part 26 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PARTICIPATION BY DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISES IN DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Pt. 26, App. E Appendix E to Part...

2010-10-01

384

49 CFR Appendix E to Part 26 - Individual Determinations of Social and Economic Disadvantage  

Science.gov (United States)

...substantial and chronic social disadvantage in American...vocational training, exclusion from social and professional association...or labor union; and social patterns or pressures...business associates, and exclusion from business or...

2010-10-01

385

Business planning innovative projects: the essence of technology, advantages and disadvantages  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article substantiates the necessity to develop technology business planning innovative projects. Arguments made by the ground analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of existing business planning technologies.

S.V. Knyaz

2012-06-01

386

77 FR 25400 - Announcement of Small, Socially-Disadvantaged Producer Grant (SSDPG) Application Deadlines in...  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Rural Business--Cooperative Service Announcement of Small, Socially-Disadvantaged Producer Grant (SSDPG) Application Deadlines in Fiscal Year 2012 Correction In notice document 2012-9997 appearing on pages...

2012-04-30

387

28 CFR 0.18a - Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Attorney General, who shall be responsible to, and report directly...Director shall: (a) Be responsible for the implementation and...businesses owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged...businesses owned and controlled by socially and economically...

2010-07-01

388

76 FR 68026 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Small Disadvantaged Business Self-Certification  

Science.gov (United States)

...2, 2011)] [Rules and Regulations] [Pages 68026-68027...9000-AL77 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Small Disadvantaged Business Self-Certification AGENCY...amending the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) to incorporate...

2011-11-02

389

48 CFR 752.226-1 - Determination of status as disadvantaged enterprise.  

Science.gov (United States)

...economically disadvantaged, or a publicly owned business having at least 51 percent of its stock owned by one or more socially and economically...U.S. concern, including its affiliates, that is independently owned and operated, not dominant...

2010-10-01

390

13 CFR 124.106 - When do disadvantaged individuals control an applicant or Participant?  

Science.gov (United States)

...Indian tribes, ANCs, Native Hawaiian Organizations, or Community Development Corporations...concerns owned by Native Hawaiian Organizations, and for CDC-owned concerns.) Disadvantaged individuals managing the concern must have...

2010-01-01

391

13 CFR 124.1002 - What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?  

Science.gov (United States)

...whether a firm qualifies as an SDB, the criteria of social and economic disadvantage and other eligibility...employee of the managing venturer must be the project manager responsible for performance of the contract. (5) The...

2010-01-01

392

Family and School Socioeconomic Disadvantage: Interactive Influences on Adolescent Dating Violence Victimization  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Although low socioeconomic status has been positively associated with adult partner violence, its relationship to adolescent dating violence remains unclear. Further, few studies have examined the relationship between contextual disadvantage and adolescent dating violence, or the interactive influences of family and contextual disadvantage. Guided by Social Disorganization Theory, Relative Deprivation Theory, and Gendered Resource Theory, we analyzed data from the U.S. National Longitudinal S...

Spriggs, Aubrey L.; Halpern, Carolyn Tucker; Herring, Amy H.; Schoenbach, Victor J.

2009-01-01

393

Entrepreneurial orientation and practice: three case examples of historically disadvantaged primary schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Historically disadvantaged schools are mostly in a position where they cannot easily practise entrepreneurial customs like innovation, proactiveness and risktaking. However, some of these schools perform well under similar circumstances and show strong entrepreneurial inclinations. In fact, in research conducted in 2006, Lebusa and Xaba found that there were very strong prospects of fostering entrepreneurial customs at historically disadvantaged schools. It was found that schools were already...

Mgadla Xaba; Macalane Malindi

2010-01-01

394

Blueprint for establishing an effective Postbaccalaureate medical school pre-entry program for educationally disadvantaged students.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this article is to provide public and private medical schools with a pragmatic blueprint for the development and implementation of an effective medical school pre-entry program that increases the pool of students interested in returning to health care shortage areas. An ancillary benefit of this program is an increase in the number of underrepresented minority students to medical schools. The structure, experiences, and results of the University of California, Davis, School of Medicine's Postbaccalaureate Reapplicant Program are used as a case study to construct the blueprint for returning 85-90% of program participants to shortage areas while increasing minority student admissions. The UC Davis program has been in place since 1991 and post-program acceptance rates have varied from 57% to 100% with an overall acceptance rate of 90.4% through 1999-00. Of 115 participating students who had previously been rejected by medical schools, 104 were accepted to health professional programs: 95 students were accepted to major U.S. medical schools and nine were accepted to masters in public health programs, physician's assistant programs, and one international medical school. This success rate has been achieved through a combination of intense assistance in study skills and test-taking skills, academic course work, and academic and pre-professional counseling. PMID:12742777

Blakely, Alan W; Broussard, Larry G

2003-05-01

395

Speaking Back to Educational Policy: Why Social Inclusion Will Not Work for "Disadvantaged" Australian Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

The Labor government in Australia has recently embarked on an extremely ambitious program of social inclusion for the most marginalized groups in society. Drawing upon the approach of "policy scholarship" this paper examines some federal government "policy texts" to describe what has occurred and asks questions about what is meant by the social…

Smyth, John

2010-01-01

396

The Disadvantaged Majority: Science Education for Women. AETS Outstanding Paper for 1983.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although women comprise the majority of the population, fewer than 9 percent are employed as scientists and engineers. Research indicates that girls have poorer attitudes toward science, enroll less often in science courses, demonstrate lower achievement levels in science, and have fewer experiences with science materials or instruments. Among the…

Kahle, Jane Butler

397

78 FR 79221 - Title I-Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged; Migrant Education Program  

Science.gov (United States)

...to MSIX those MDEs that the Secretary designates. For the convenience of the reader, we have appended to this notice a list...others in the community. In addition, MSIX incorporates a flag for students with acute or chronic medical conditions,...

2013-12-27

398

An Analysis of Water Safety Behaviors among Migrant and Economically/Educationally Disadvantaged Middle School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This water safety study was both descriptive and exploratory in nature. The purpose was for middle school students to assess their own water safety experiences and to help school decision-makers determine the extent of drowning/water accidents. In July 2009, a water safety survey was administered to 122 students participating in the local Summer…

Sbarbaro, Victor S.; Enyeart Smith, Theresa M.

2011-01-01

399

Can Small High Schools of Choice Improve Educational Prospects for Disadvantaged Students?  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper provides rigorous evidence (for 12,130 participants in a series of naturally occurring randomized lotteries) that a large-scale high school reform initiative (New York City's creation of 100+ small high schools of choice between 2002 and 2008) can markedly and consistently increase high school graduation rates (by 9.5 percentage…

Bloom, Howard S.; Unterman, Rebecca

2014-01-01

400

Intelligence development of socio-economically disadvantaged pre-school children / Desarrollo de la inteligencia en niños en edad preescolar con desventajas socioeconómicas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Diversos factores influyen en el desarrollo intelectual de niños en edad preescolar con desventajas socioeconómicas. El desarrollo de la inteligencia es un concepto multidimensional que está determinado por factores biológicos, sociales y ambientales. Sin embargo, en la presente revisión únicamente [...] se analizan y discuten los aspectos sociales y ambientales. Algunos de los factores que presentan profundos efectos en el desarrollo cognitivo son los siguientes: la estimulación del medio ambiente, las actitudes de los padres, la edad materna y la educación. Se ejemplifican también algunos programas de prevención e intervenciones exitosas encaminadas al enriquecimiento del desarrollo cognitivo infantil. Parece que los programas de intervención temprana en el segundo y tercer año de la vida infantil tienen efectos fundamentales en el desarrollo cognitivo de aquellos niños con ciertas desventajas. Es claro que el aprendizaje se inicia con el nacimiento. Algunos estudios longitudinales mostraron que el periodo más efectivo para la intervención es durante la niñez temprana. Aquellos niños que han estado en programas de estancias y jardines infantiles han mantenido estos logros en la adolescencia y en la edad adulta. Algunos de estos beneficios incluyen puntuaciones elevadas en pruebas de IQ, mejores calificaciones en pruebas de puntuación y mejores habilidades en lectura y matemáticas, mayor número de logros educacionales, mayor número de títulos universitarios y un menor número de problemas psicológicos y de salud mental. Por tanto, la investigación en programas tempranos de alta calidad proporciona múltiples ventajas en forma personal, así como para la sociedad en su conjunto. Activistas sociales, psicólogos y consejeros deberían hacer un mayor esfuerzo para modificar las políticas gubernamentales y la asignación de fondos. Abstract in english The intellectual development of socioeconomically disadvantaged preschool children is influenced by several factors. The development of intelligence is a multidimensional concept that is determined by biological, social, and environmental factors. In this literature review, however, only the social [...] and environmental factors are discussed. Some of the factors that have profound effect on children's cognitive development are as follows: environmental stimulation, parental attitudes, maternal age, and education. Successful intervention and prevention programs aimed at enhancing children's cognitive development are also exemplified. It appears that early intervention programs in the second and third year of an infant's life have fundamental effects on the cognitive development of disadvan-taged children. It is clear that learning starts with birth. Longitudinal studies revealed that the most effective period for intervention is early childhood. Those who received early day-care and preschool intervention programs have sustained these gains in adolescence and adulthood. Those benefits include higher IQ scores, better achievement test scores, better reading and math skills, more educational attainment, more college degrees, and fewer psychosocial and mental health problems. Therefore, it appears that investing in early high-quality programs provide multiple advantages for individuals and society. Social activists, psychologists, and counsellors should make every effort to affect the allocation of governmental funds and policies.

Sefa, Bulut.

 
 
 
 
401

Intelligence development of socio-economically disadvantaged pre-school children / Desarrollo de la inteligencia en niños en edad preescolar con desventajas socioeconómicas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Diversos factores influyen en el desarrollo intelectual de niños en edad preescolar con desventajas socioeconómicas. El desarrollo de la inteligencia es un concepto multidimensional que está determinado por factores biológicos, sociales y ambientales. Sin embargo, en la presente revisión únicamente [...] se analizan y discuten los aspectos sociales y ambientales. Algunos de los factores que presentan profundos efectos en el desarrollo cognitivo son los siguientes: la estimulación del medio ambiente, las actitudes de los padres, la edad materna y la educación. Se ejemplifican también algunos programas de prevención e intervenciones exitosas encaminadas al enriquecimiento del desarrollo cognitivo infantil. Parece que los programas de intervención temprana en el segundo y tercer año de la vida infantil tienen efectos fundamentales en el desarrollo cognitivo de aquellos niños con ciertas desventajas. Es claro que el aprendizaje se inicia con el nacimiento. Algunos estudios longitudinales mostraron que el periodo más efectivo para la intervención es durante la niñez temprana. Aquellos niños que han estado en programas de estancias y jardines infantiles han mantenido estos logros en la adolescencia y en la edad adulta. Algunos de estos beneficios incluyen puntuaciones elevadas en pruebas de IQ, mejores calificaciones en pruebas de puntuación y mejores habilidades en lectura y matemáticas, mayor número de logros educacionales, mayor número de títulos universitarios y un menor número de problemas psicológicos y de salud mental. Por tanto, la investigación en programas tempranos de alta calidad proporciona múltiples ventajas en forma personal, así como para la sociedad en su conjunto. Activistas sociales, psicólogos y consejeros deberían hacer un mayor esfuerzo para modificar las políticas gubernamentales y la asignación de fondos. Abstract in english The intellectual development of socioeconomically disadvantaged preschool children is influenced by several factors. The development of intelligence is a multidimensional concept that is determined by biological, social, and environmental factors. In this literature review, however, only the social [...] and environmental factors are discussed. Some of the factors that have profound effect on children's cognitive development are as follows: environmental stimulation, parental attitudes, maternal age, and education. Successful intervention and prevention programs aimed at enhancing children's cognitive development are also exemplified. It appears that early intervention programs in the second and third year of an infant's life have fundamental effects on the cognitive development of disadvan-taged children. It is clear that learning starts with birth. Longitudinal studies revealed that the most effective period for intervention is early childhood. Those who received early day-care and preschool intervention programs have sustained these gains in adolescence and adulthood. Those benefits include higher IQ scores, better achievement test scores, better reading and math skills, more educational attainment, more college degrees, and fewer psychosocial and mental health problems. Therefore, it appears that investing in early high-quality programs provide multiple advantages for individuals and society. Social activists, psychologists, and counsellors should make every effort to affect the allocation of governmental funds and policies.

Sefa, Bulut.

2013-10-01

402

41 CFR 102-117.50 - What are the advantages and disadvantages of contracting directly with a TSP under the FAR?  

Science.gov (United States)

... false What are the advantages and disadvantages of contracting directly...102-117.50 What are the advantages and disadvantages of contracting directly...b) The FAR may be a disadvantage when you: (1)...

2010-07-01

403

GLOBALISATION – ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE MANUFACTURER  

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Full Text Available Years ago, at the beginning of the nuclear age, Einstein asserted that the atomic bomb would completely change the world. Currently, the same can be said about globalization. Globalization, thephenomenon which especially affects economy and life, is now one of the most debated topics in history: lectures, articles, books. Worldwide specialists in economics, politics, and sociology have analyzed in thousands of pages the phenomenon of globalization, its forms, evolution, impact and trends, but the views are so diverse and contradictory that it still is not reached even a universally accepted definition. Perhaps it is the so controversial topic that makes him so attractive. If some persons believe that the phenomenon of globalization ends before reaching its peak, others consider that the current situation is just the beginning of an era in which there are no boundaries.

Adriana Manolic?

2012-12-01

404

Affective personality criteria, results at school, and intelligence with educational retarded pupils of the special school for learning handicapped and pupils of the elementary school : a comparative study to the problem of educational retardation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In an empirical cross-section study with exemplary character educational retarded pupils of the special school for learning handicapped (N = 26) and four class-equivalent cohorts (N = 98) of the elementary school are comparatively examined. The variables are success-attribution, failure-attribution, fear, results at school and intelligence. Whereas a negative self-conception concerning the own talent and an intesified tendency towards anxious behaviour is proved at the educational retarded pu...

Fru?hauf, Theo; Kaiser, Herbert; Winter, Brigitte

1983-01-01

405

Disability, Vulnerability and Citizenship: To What Extent Is Education a Protective Mechanism for Children with Disabilities in Countries Affected by Conflict?  

Science.gov (United States)

Humanitarian crises as a result of conflict are often characterised by failure of the social contract between the state and its citizens. For a variety of reasons, children with disabilities are often particularly vulnerable in time of humanitarian crisis. This paper draws on research undertaken by the authors in a series of countries affected by…

Trani, Jean-Francois; Kett, Maria; Bakhshi, Parul; Bailey, Nicola

2011-01-01

406

Do Girls Have a Nutritional Disadvantage Compared with Boys? Statistical Models of Breastfeeding and Food Consumption Inequalities among Indian Siblings  

Science.gov (United States)

Background India is the only nation where girls have greater risks of under-5 mortality than boys. We test whether female disadvantage in breastfeeding and food allocation accounts for gender disparities in mortality. Methods and Findings Secondary, publicly available anonymized and de-identified data were used; no ethics committee review was required. Multivariate regression and Cox models were performed using Round 3 of India’s National Family and Health Survey (2005–2006; response rate?=?93.5%). Models were disaggregated by birth order and sibling gender, and adjusted for maternal age, education, and fixed effects, urban residence, household deprivation, and other sociodemographics. Mothers’ reported practices of WHO/UNICEF recommendations for breastfeeding initiation, exclusivity, and total duration (ages 0–59 months), children’s consumption of 24 food items (6–59 months), and child survival (0–59 months) were examined for first- and secondborns (n?=?20,395). Girls were breastfed on average for 0.45 months less than boys (95% CI:?=?0.15 months to 0.75 months, p?=?0.004). There were no gender differences in breastfeeding initiation (OR?=?1.04, 95% CI: 0.97 to 1.12) or exclusivity (OR?=?1.06, 95% CI: 0.99 to 1.14). Differences in breastfeeding cessation emerged between 12 and 36 months in secondborn females. Compared with boys, girls had lower consumption of fresh milk by 14% (95% CI: 79% to 94%, p?=?0.001) and breast milk by 21% (95% CI: 70% to 90%, p<0.000). Each additional month of breastfeeding was associated with a 24% lower risk of mortality (OR?=?0.76, 95% CI: 0.73 to 0.79, p<0.000). Girls’ shorter breastfeeding duration accounted for an 11% increased probability of dying before age 5, accounting for about 50% of their survival disadvantage compared with other low-income countries. Conclusions Indian girls are breastfed for shorter periods than boys and consume less milk. Future research should investigate the role of additional factors driving India’s female survival disadvantage. PMID:25229235

Fledderjohann, Jasmine; Agrawal, Sutapa; Vellakkal, Sukumar; Basu, Sanjay; Campbell, Oona; Doyle, Pat; Ebrahim, Shah; Stuckler, David

2014-01-01

407

Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage, individual wealth status and patterns of delivery care utilization in Nigeria: a multilevel discrete choice analysis  

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Full Text Available Olatunde Aremu1,2, Stephen Lawoko1, Koustuv Dalal1,31Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria; 3Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Centre for Health Technology Assessment, Linköping University, SwedenBackground: High maternal mortality continues to be a major public health problem in most part of the developing world, including Nigeria. Understanding the utilization pattern of maternal healthcare services has been accepted as an important factor for reducing maternal deaths. This study investigates the effect of neighborhood and individual socioeconomic position on the utilization of different forms of place of delivery among women of reproductive age in Nigeria.Methods: A population-based multilevel discrete choice analysis was performed using the most recent population-based 2008 Nigerian Demographic and Health Surveys data of women aged between 15 and 49 years. The analysis was restricted to 15,162 ever-married women from 888 communities across the 36 states of the federation including the Federal Capital Territory of Abuja.Results: The choice of place to deliver varies across the socioeconomic strata. The results of the multilevel discrete choice models indicate that with every other factor controlled for, the household wealth status, women's occupation, women's and partner's high level of education attainment, and possession of health insurance were associated with use of private and government health facilities for child birth relative to home delivery. The results also show that higher birth order and young maternal age were associated with use of home delivery. Living in a highly socioeconomic disadvantaged neighborhood is associated with home birth compared with the patronage of government health facilities. More specifically, the result revealed that choice of facility-based delivery is clustered around the neighborhoods.Conclusion: Home delivery, which cuts across all socioeconomic strata, is a common practice among women in Nigeria. Initiatives that would encourage the appropriate use of healthcare facilities at little or no cost to the most disadvantaged should be accorded the utmost priority.Keywords: delivery care, maternal health services utilization, multilevel discrete choice, Nigeria, socioeconomic disadvantaged, neigborhood, health policy

Aremu O

2011-07-01

408

Seeding Literacy: Adult Educators Research Their Practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

This publication presents five reports that represent research conducted by adult educators. "Supporting Adult Educators in Researching Their Practice" (Janelle Davis, Jean Searle) presents results of four action research projects related to developing literacies for disadvantaged groups or groups with special needs. "Towards Mutual Benefits:…

Davis, Janelle; Searle, Jean

409

Affective Networks  

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Full Text Available This article sets out the idea of affective networks as a constitutive feature of communicative capitalism. It explores the circulation of intensities in contemporary information and communication networks, arguing that this circulation should be theorized in terms of the psychoanalytic notion of the drive. The article includes critical engagements with theorists such as Guy Debord, Jacques Lacan, Tiziana Terranova, and Slavoj Zizek.

Jodi Dean

2010-02-01

410

Safety and Security Technologies of Importance to Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations Using Public Transit  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

All travelers have concerns about safety and security. For transportation-disadvantaged persons (i.e., older adults, persons with disabilities, and low-income individuals), these concerns are amplified by the vulnerability of the individuals. Safety and security can be improved for transportation-disadvantaged populations through the use of technology. Specific technologies include vehicle tracking systems, silent alarm systems, security cameras, and way-finding navigation systems. Other innovative safety devices and programs provide additional safety and security. Five sites across the United States were visited to determine how agencies of different sizes using different approaches meet the needs of these special populations. The agencies noted that technologies of benefit to the transportation-disadvantaged communities generally benefit all users of public transportation.

Truett, Lorena Faith [ORNL; Boundy, Robert Gary [ORNL

2006-01-01

411

Perceiving Racial/Ethnic Disadvantage and Its Consequences for Self-Esteem among Asian-Americans  

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Full Text Available This study is the first to test experimentally (vs. correlationally whether perceiving racial/ethnic disadvantageleads to lower self-esteem among Asian-Americans. We manipulated perceived disadvantage by havingAsian-American college students recall and write about experiences in which they were personallydisadvantaged because of their race/ethnicity, and examined the effects of perceiving disadvantage on variousoutcome measures, including racial/ethnic identity, racial/ethnic salience (the number of ethnic identitiesparticipants listed on the Twenty Statements Test, and self-esteem. Consistent with experimental research withother racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States, the self-esteem of Asian-Americans was unharmed byrecalling and describing past incidents of racially-based disadvantage.

Julie Spencer-Rodgers

2014-05-01

412

Can Education Compensate for Society?  

Science.gov (United States)

The extent to which education can compensate for social disadvantage is a matter of political controversy, especially in the context of policies for social mobility. On the one hand, to blame poor achievement on social class or poverty was seen to dodge the professional responsibility of teachers. On the other, the strong correlation between…

Pring, Richard

2011-01-01

413

Social Justice and Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Massification of higher education has not been able to solve societal issues in the UK to the extent originally envisaged. Whilst universities have achieved increased student numbers and widened participation from various societal groups, those coming from socially disadvantaged groups can still often have a very different experience of university…

Craven, Anne

2012-01-01

414

Educational Change in Saudi Arabia  

Science.gov (United States)

The main goal of this article is to discuss the possibility of adapting the suggestions by Hargreaves and Shirley (2009) in their book "The Fourth Way." This paper will discuss the topic of educational change and reform through three main points. First, it will review the most important advantages and disadvantages that characterize the…

Alnahdi, Ghaleb Hamad

2014-01-01

415

Technology for Education. IDRA Focus.  

Science.gov (United States)

This theme issue includes five articles that focus on technology for education to benefit all students, including limited-English-proficient, minority, economically disadvantaged, and at-risk students. "Coca-Cola Valued Youth Program Students Meet Peers Via Video Conference" (Linda Cantu, Leticia Lopez-De La Garza) describes how at-risk student…

IDRA Newsletter, 1998

1998-01-01

416

A Nation of Educated People.  

Science.gov (United States)

The higher education system is seen as having deteriorated in the 1970s due to change in academic schedules, increased size of institutions, impaired effectiveness of faculties, inability of institutions to adjust to increased percentage of disadvantaged students, increase in part-time and nonresidential students, and excessive market orientation…

Bowen, Howard R.

1980-01-01

417

Telecommuting: Implications for Business Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Advantages to telecommuting are flexibility, control, productivity, morale, quality of life, and, for employers, access to a wider skill pool. Disadvantages are frustration, isolation, sweatshop potential, and resentment of co-workers. Business education should emphasize keyboarding, telecommunications, time management, and communication skills in…

Holmquist, Donna; Risk, Shirley

1991-01-01

418

Freestanding midwifery units versus obstetric units : does the effect of place of birth differ with level of social disadvantage?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background Social inequity in perinatal and maternal health is a well-documented health problem even in countries with a high level of social equality. We aimed to study whether the effect of birthplace on perinatal and maternal morbidity, birth interventions and use of pain relief among low risk women intending to give birth in two freestanding midwifery units (FMU) versus two obstetric units in Denmark differed by level of social disadvantage Methods The study was designed as a cohort study with a matched control group. It included 839 lowrisk women intending to give birth in an FMU, who were prospectively and individually matched on nine selected obstetric/socio-economic factors to 839 low-risk women intending OU birth. Educational level was chosen as a proxy for social position. Analysis was by intention-to-treat. Results Women intending to give birth in an FMU had a significantly higher likelihood of uncomplicated, spontaneous birth with good outcomes for mother and infant compared to women intending to give birth in an OU. The likelihood of intact perineum, use of upright position for birth and water birth was also higher. No difference was found in perinatal morbidity or third/fourth degree tears, while birth interventions including caesarean section and epidural analgesia were significantly less frequent among women intending to give birth in an FMU. In our sample of healthy low-risk women with spontaneous onset of labour at term after an uncomplicated pregnancy, the positive results of intending to give birth in an FMU as compared to an OU were found to hold for both women with post-secondary education and the potentially vulnerable group of FMU women without post-secondary education. In all cases, women without post-secondary education intending to give birth in an FMU had comparable and, in some respects, more favourable outcomes when compared to women with the same level of education intending to give birth in an OU. In this sample of low-risk women, we found that the effect of intended place on birth outcomes did not differ with women’s level of education. Conclusion FMU care appears to offer important benefits for birthing women with no additional risk to the infant. Both for women with and without post-secondary education, intending to give birth in an FMU significantly increased the likelihood of a spontaneous, uncomplicated birth with good outcomes for mother and infant compared to women intending to give birth in an OU. All women should be provided with adequate information about different care models and supported in making an informed decision about the place of birth.

Overgaard, Charlotte; Fenger-GrØn, Morten

2012-01-01

419

Freestanding midwifery units versus obstetric units: does the effect of place of birth differ with level of social disadvantage?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Social inequity in perinatal and maternal health is a well-documented health problem even in countries with a high level of social equality. We aimed to study whether the effect of birthplace on perinatal and maternal morbidity, birth interventions and use of pain relief among low risk women intending to give birth in two freestanding midwifery units (FMU versus two obstetric units in Denmark differed by level of social disadvantage. Methods The study was designed as a cohort study with a matched control group. It included 839 low-risk women intending to give birth in an FMU, who were prospectively and individually matched on nine selected obstetric/socio-economic factors to 839 low-risk women intending OU birth. Educational level was chosen as a proxy for social position. Analysis was by intention-to-treat. Results Women intending to give birth in an FMU had a significantly higher likelihood of uncomplicated, spontaneous birth with good outcomes for mother and infant compared to women intending to give birth in an OU. The likelihood of intact perineum, use of upright position for birth and water birth was also higher. No difference was found in perinatal morbidity or third/fourth degree tears, while birth interventions including caesarean section and epidural analgesia were significantly less frequent among women intending to give birth in an FMU. In our sample of healthy low-risk women with spontaneous onset of labour at term after an uncomplicated pregnancy, the positive results of intending to give birth in an FMU as compared to an OU were found to hold for both women with post-secondary education and the potentially vulnerable group of FMU women without post-secondary education. In all cases, women without post-secondary education intending to give birth in an FMU had comparable and, in some respects, more favourable outcomes when compared to women with the same level of education intending to give birth in an OU. In this sample of low-risk women, we found that the effect of intended place on birth outcomes did not differ with women’s level of education. Conclusion FMU care appears to offer important benefits for birthing women with no additional risk to the infant. Both for women with and without post-secondary education, intending to give birth in an FMU significantly increased the likelihood of a spontaneous, uncomplicated birth with good outcomes for mother and infant compared to women intending to give birth in an OU. All women should be provided with adequate information about different care models and supported in making an informed decision about the place of birth.

Overgaard Charlotte

2012-06-01

420

Gendered motivational processes affecting high school mathematics participation, educational aspirations, and career plans: a comparison of samples from Australia, Canada, and the United States.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this international, longitudinal study, we explored gender differences in, and gendered relationships among, math-related motivations emphasized in the Eccles (Parsons) et al. (1983) expectancy-value framework, high school math participation, educational aspirations, and career plans. Participants were from Australia, Canada, and the United States (Ns = 358, 471, 418, respectively) in Grades 9/10 at Time 1 and Grades 11/12 at Time 2. The 3 samples came from suburban middle to upper-middle socioeconomic backgrounds, primarily of Anglo-European descent. Multivariate analyses of variance revealed stereotypic gender differences in educational and occupational outcomes only among the Australian sample. Multigroup structural equation models identified latent mean differences where male adolescents held higher intrinsic value for math in the Australian sample and higher ability/success expectancy in both North American samples. Ability/success expectancy was a key predictor in the North American samples, in contrast to intrinsic value in the Australian sample. Attainment/utility ("importance") values were more important for female adolescents' career choices, except in the Australian sample. Findings are interpreted in relation to gender socialization practices, degree and type of early choice, and specialization across settings. Implications are discussed for long-term math engagement and career selection for female and male adolescents. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:22468566

Watt, Helen M G; Shapka, Jennifer D; Morris, Zoe A; Durik, Amanda M; Keating, Daniel P; Eccles, Jacquelynne S

2012-11-01

 
 
 
 
421

Peer Sexual Health Education: Interventions for Effective Programme Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

Peer education is used as a health promotion strategy in a number of areas, including sexual health. Although peer education programmes have been around for some time, published systematic evaluations of youth sexual health peer education programmes are rare. This article discusses the advantages and disadvantages of youth sexual health peer…

Sriranganathan, Gobika; Jaworsky, Denise; Larkin, June; Flicker, Sarah; Campbell, Lisa; Flynn, Susan; Janssen, Jesse; Erlich, Leah

2012-01-01

422

Positively Women: Professionalism and Practice in Teaching and Teacher Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper seeks to understand recent changes in the professional status of teachers and teacher educators in Europe, discussing the contribution of women to teaching and teacher education and noting that the proportion of women in education professions is not regarded as disadvantageous or problematic. The paper discusses gendered concepts of…

Weiner, Gaby; Kallos, Daniel

423

Effects of Interventional Educational Program in Physical Activity  

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Full Text Available Backgrounds and Aim: Physical activity is one of lifestyle components. 2010 report of health people indicates that physical activity in young people is a high priority of health. A youth attends to maintenance self physical activity till adulthood, since lifestyle is forming mainly in this period. Insufficient physical activity and inactivity with unhealthy nutrition causes chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, ostheoporoses , etc.Materials and Methods: This study was an interventional educational upon female school students in Tonkabon in 2008 in two groups, intervention and control (each group 300. Data gathering tools included demographic, knowledge/attitude and practice assessment questionnaires. First knowledge ,attitude and practice of whole students was assessed.Then the interventional educational programe: 8 hours education (weekly sessions, every session one hour, lecture, question and answer ,pamphelet, and movies about advantages and disadvantages of physical activity and the nessecity of continuing till the future was done. After two month of intervention ,two groups were compared in knowledge,attitude and practice.The data were analized with SPSS and STATA.Results: After the intervention, there was a significant increase in mean of knowledge, attitude and practice, in intervention group compared to control group (p<0.05. Educational intervention caused 15 score on knowledge ,5 score on attitude and 1.6 score on practice improvement. Among effective factors variable Such as :mothers literacy and fathers job affected knowledge ,and level of literacy affected attitude , and mothers education affected practice of student.Discussion and Conclusion: Physical activity is one of the lifestyle components and in young people is a high priority of health. This study shows that Educational intervention caused improvement on knowledge attitude, and practice.

F Estebsari

2009-08-01

424

PSYCHO-SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND CAREER CHOICES OF SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED ADOLESCENTS IN KANYAKUMARI DISTRICT  

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Full Text Available Present study was conducted in Kanyakumari district in Tamilnadu with 500 socially disadvantaged adolescents(MBC, SC and ST selected from 24 schools to assess their Psycho-social development and career preferences. The study also tried to find out whether there is any significant relationship between the selected psychological and sociological correlates and career choices of socially disadvantaged adolescents.The data was collected using Psycho-Social Development Scale and Career Preference Record constructed and validated by the investigator

S. Sreelatha

2014-07-01

425

Afetividade, cognição e educação: ensaio acerca da demarcação de fronteiras entre os conceitos e a dificuldade de ser do homem Affectivity, cognition and education: essay about the demarcation of borders between concepts and the difficulty of being human  

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Full Text Available Busca-se discutir os conceitos afetividade e cognição, e suas implicações na educação. Parte-se da ideia de que a diferença entre humanos e demais seres decorre da necessidade de aprender a ser; ou seja, das dificuldades de ser do homem, advindas desse exercício, e não o emprego puro e simples da racionalidade. Schopenhauer apresenta a hipótese de que as noções de tempo e espaço são resultado da sensibilidade e percepção acerca, respectivamente, dos fenômenos do movimento e das relações das coisas no mundo. Infere-se, então, que das relações estabelecidas ao longo de suas trajetórias existenciais entre as coisas e seres nascem os afetos, ou seja, os modos como as coisas (ou seres afetam ou são afetadas em suas diversas manifestações. A tese deste ensaio sugere que a razão nada mais é do que a afetividade formatada ao modo humano: a resultante do sentido existencial entrecruzado à realidade. Logo não haveria supremacia da cognição em detrimento da afetividade, por serem um e mesmo fenômeno: o do entendimento da realidade; baseando-se nos afetos sentidos e percebidos pelo sujeito. Tal premissa pode contribuir com o pensamento educacional ao (reintegrar a afetividade e a cognição, ao contrário do que se vem praticando: um privilégio exacerbado da educação racionalista. Essa (reintegração pode ocorrer pela conjunção da Arte, da Filosofia e da Psicologia, o que, de certo modo, defende a Pedagogia Waldorf, de Rudolf Steiner.The goal of this article is to discuss the concepts of affectivity and cognition, and their implications to education. The main idea is that, what really differentiates mankind from the other forms of life is not the simple use of rationality, but rather originates from the necessity of learning to be, that is, man's difficulty of being. A hypothesis by philosopher Schopenhauer presents the notions of time and space as being a result of human sensibility and perceptions about the movement and the relationship among elements in the world, respectively. As such, it is inferred that, affects are originated from these established relations; that is, how things or beings affect or are affected in their different manifestations. The thesis of this essay defends the possibility of reason being the affective root between the existential feelings and reality. Therefore, there would be no supremacy of the cognitive aspects granted by rationality in regards to affective aspects, inasmuch as they are the same phenomenon: the knowledge, which is built on interpretations of reality - interpretations based on affects felt and acknowledged by an individual. Such premise could contribute to education by integrating affectivity and cognition, as opposed to the common exacerbated privilege of rational education. Such integration can be accomplished by the integration of Art, Philosophy and Psychology, which in a way supports the Waldorf Pedagogy, by Rudolf Steiner.

René Simonato Sant'Ana

2010-01-01

426

Schools for health, education and development: a call for action.  

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In 2007, the World Health Organization, together with United Nations and international organization as well as experts, met to draw upon existing evidence and practical experience from regions, countries and individual schools in promoting health through schools. The goal of the meeting was to identify current and emerging global factors affecting schools, and to help them respond more effectively to health, education and development opportunities. At the meeting, a Statement was developed describing effective approaches and strategies that can be adopted by schools to promote health, education and development. Five key challenges were identified. These described the need to continue building evidence and capturing practical experience in school health; the importance of improving implementation processes to ensure optimal transfer of evidence into practice; the need to alleviating social and economic disadvantage in access to and successful completion of school education; the opportunity to harness media influences for positive benefit, and the continuing challenge to improve partnerships among different sectors and organizations. The participants also identified a range of actions needed to respond to these challenges, highlighting the need for action by local school communities, governments and international organizations to invest in quality education, and to increase participation of children and young people in school education. This paper describes the rationale for and process of the meeting and the development of the Statement and outlines some of the most immediate efforts made to implement the actions identified in the Statement. It also suggests further joint actions required for the implementation of the Statement. PMID:19039034

Tang, Kwok-Cho; Nutbeam, Don; Aldinger, Carmen; St Leger, Lawrence; Bundy, Donald; Hoffmann, Anna Maria; Yankah, Ekua; McCall, Doug; Buijs, Goof; Arnaout, Said; Morales, Sofialeticia; Robinson, Faye; Torranin, Charuaypon; Drake, Lesley; Abolfotouh, Mostafa; Whitman, Cheryl Vince; Meresman, Sergio; Odete, Cossa; Joukhadar, Abdul-Halim; Avison, Claire; Wright, Cream; Huerta, Franscico; Munodawafa, Davison; Nyamwaya, David; Heckert, Karen

2009-03-01

427

ROLE OF ICT EDUCATION FOR WOMEN EMPOWERMENT  

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Full Text Available Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. Information and communications are closely linked to power and the ability to affect change. ICT is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application, encompassing: radio, television, cellular phones, computer etc. Socially the majorities of Indian women are still tradition bound and are in disadvantageous position. ICTs are emerging as a powerful tool for women empowerment in a developing country like India. The sample size of the research was 200 by no. of trainees and 30 by no of instructors of different Governmental and Nongovernmental Organizations of Jaipur district. Researcher used random sampling technique to select the sample for the study. The data was collected with the help of self constructed questionnaire. The analysis of mean and graphical representation used for the analysis of data indicated that the Age group, Marital status, Educational level had significant effect on different variable of women empowerment like Self confidence, Self awareness, Independence and Feeling of freedom. The study can be used to create awareness among women for betterment of their live. This research concluded that the information and communication technology empower a women in various areas like social, educational, personal, psychological, political, technological and economical.

Ms. Beena [Research Scholar

2012-06-01

428

Considerações sobre o ensino médico no Brasil: consequências afetivo-emocionais nos estudantes / Considerations on medical education and its affective and emotional impact on medical students in Brazil  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Faz-se uma revisão não exaustiva da evolução do ensino médico no Brasil desde sua origem, passando pelas inúmeras reformas praticadas, que buscam melhorar a formação técnica dos estudantes. Chama-se a atenção para o fato de nessas reformas nunca terem sido referidas questões como o bem-estar e a saú [...] de mental dos alunos. O curso de Medicina sempre foi considerado estressante, mas a preocupação com esse aspecto é recente na história. Alguns estudos tentam identificar a fase do curso mais estressante, e a maioria indica a primeira série do ciclo clínico. Outros tentam apontar os fatores mais responsáveis pelo estresse, buscando-os nas características dos alunos e do curso. São apontados os diagnósticos mais frequentes citados na literatura e sugestões para minimizar esse processo no âmbito das escolas médicas. Abstract in english This article provides a non-exhaustive review of the evolution in medical education in Brazil since its origins, touching on the various curricular reforms that have sought to improve medical students' technical training. Interestingly, such reforms have never addressed the students' mental health a [...] nd well-being. Medical training has always been considered stressful, but real concern over this aspect is recent. Some studies have attempted to identify the most stressful phase in medical education, and most point to the first year of clinical training. Others seek to identify the most important stress factors, among course-related and individual student characteristics. The study highlights the most frequent diagnoses cited in the literature and provides suggestions to minimize this process in the medical school setting.

Maria Bernadete, Gonçalves; Ana Maria Teresa, Benevides-Pereira.

429

[Affective dependency].  

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Affective dependency is characterized by emotional distress (insecure attachment) and dependency to another person with a low self-esteem and reassurance need. The paper proposes a reflection on the definition of emotional dependency and the confusion caused by various denominations. Overprotective and authoritarian parenting, cultural and socio-environmental factors may contribute to the development of dependent personality. Psychological epigenetic factors, such as early socio-emotional trauma could on neuronal circuits in prefronto-limbic regions that are essential for emotional behaviour.We also focus on the interrelations between dependent personality, domestic violence and addictions. The objective for the clinician is to propose a restoration of self-esteem and therapeutic strategies focused on autonomy. PMID:23888587

Scantamburlo, G; Pitchot, W; Ansseau, M

2013-01-01

430

A study of the Healthy Growth Charter in socially disadvantaged children / Uno studio della Carta del Benessere, in bambini socialmente svantaggiati  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in english The Healthy Growth Charter is an educational and health-promoting project aimed at an active involvement of the primary school children in health surveillance and protection. Being duly acquainted of the matter, scholars are asked to fill by their own a questionnaire on height, weight, sport attenda [...] nce and other items of medical and demographic interest. According to the project, problems suitable of corrective measures, such as amblyopia, are signalled to the families and dealt individually. The project has been previously tested on about 1500 boys and girls from various Italian regions, showing that, despite the limits of self-reported data, it provides information in line with literature. Health inequalities in children remain an important problem also in Italy, and a second test of the Healthy Growth Charter was launched in a group of socially disadvantaged children. As reported in this paper, overweight, reduced physical activity, visual problems and other items markedly differed in this with respect to the previous study. These results provide some indication on the potential role of social disadvantage and poverty on health status of children. To better tackle the problem of health inequalities, the actual surveillance systems should be empowered, preferably with an active educational involvement of children, translating the information into public health intervention policies.

Massimo, Musicco; Rosalia Azzaro, Pulvirenti; Sabina, Gainotti; Carlo, Petrini; Chiara, Riccio; Bruno, Silvestrini.

2011-12-01

431

Public Sector Policies and Practice, Neo-Liberal Consumerism and Freedom of Choice in Secondary Education: A Case Study of One Area in Kent  

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This paper details the impact of New Labour's neo-liberal social and educational policies on disadvantaged groups in the district of Thanet. It notes that the post-welfare policy responses to social and educational problems reinforce both the disadvantages of deprived groups and the gradient of popularity among secondary schools within the…

Parsons, Carl; Welsh, Paul J.

2006-01-01

432

GRID Technologies => 'Education' = 'Distance Education'  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper discusses the new possibilities that Grid technologies create in education, presents current learning paradigms and makes a prediction about the way in which Grid technologies may affect the future of education. The case of the Hellenic Open University (HOU) is presented and the current educational technologies and tools used are illustrated. The paper also presents a scenario for the utilization of Grid technologies at HOU and discusses the challenges that such infrastructure crea...

Xenos, Michalis; Vassiliadis, Bill; Skodras, Athanassios

2005-01-01

433

Relationship between Success in Extracurricular Programs and Student Academic Performance in Economically Disadvantaged High Schools  

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The purpose of this study was to determine the common characteristics of economically disadvantaged schools that demonstrate success in academics and extracurricular activities. Mixed-method design was used for this study. The quantitative portion of the study determined the correlation between a school's performance in extracurricular activities,…

Killgo, Jay

2010-01-01

434

Predictors of Quality of Life in Economically Disadvantaged Populations in Montreal  

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Most epidemiological studies agree that economically disadvantaged populations are the groups most vulnerable to mental health problems and report lower quality of life among these populations. However, it appears that access to social support plays a role in protecting against the chronic stress resulting from conditions such as poverty. This…

Caron, Jean

2012-01-01

435

Drugs, Guns, and Disadvantaged Youths: Co-Occurring Behavior and the Code of the Street  

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Guided by Anderson's theory of the code of the street, this study explored social mechanisms linking individual-level disadvantage factors with the adoption of beliefs grounded in the code of the street and with drug trafficking and gun carrying--the co-occurring behavior shaping violence among young men in urban areas. Secondary data were…

Allen, Andrea N.; Lo, Celia C.

2012-01-01

436

A Role Model Approach to Job Transition for Disadvantaged Cooperative Home Economics Students. Final Report.  

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A pilot project implemented a role-model approach to job transition for disadvantaged cooperative home economics students in Tulsa and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. From 1974 through 1976, 21 students in four urban high schools were matched with role models on the job. Sixteen of these students retained their jobs. The matches included many different…

Pestle, Ruth

437

Community Involvement and Adolescent Mental Health: Moderating Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Neighborhood Disadvantage  

Science.gov (United States)

Social development and stress process theories suggest that participation in one's community can function as a protective factor for mental health, especially for youth from socioeconomically disadvantaged areas. However, the effects of community involvement on adolescent mental health could vary across racial/ethnic groups and levels of…

Hull, Pamela; Kilbourne, Barbara; Reece, Michelle; Husaini, Baqar

2008-01-01

438

Mature Age Workers: Are They a Disadvantaged Group in the Labour Market?  

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Although a majority work full time, many mature-age workers (45 and older) are clearly at a disadvantage in the Australian labor market. Average unemployment duration is long, many unwillingly work part time or are underemployed, and their likelihood of unemployment is very high, especially for older women. (JOW)

VandenHeuvel, Adriana

1999-01-01

439

The Rosen Scholars Program: A New Design for Mentoring Disadvantaged Youth for Postsecondary Success. Evaluation Summary.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Rosen Scholars Program was a privately funded program for the support and mentorship of talented disadvantaged urban youth. After 6 years of planning and operation, the program was evaluated to assess effectiveness in terms of program objectives and outcomes. The evaluation was conducted by doctoral candidates from Teachers College, Columbia…

2001

440

During Threaded Discussions Are Non-Native English Speakers Always at a Disadvantage?  

Science.gov (United States)

When participating in threaded discussions, under what conditions might non¬native speakers of English (NNSE) be at a comparative disadvantage to their classmates who are native speakers of English (NSE)? This study compares the threaded discussion perspectives of closely-matched NNSE and NSE adult students having different levels of threaded…

Shafer Willner, Lynn

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
441

Proven commercial reactor types: an introduction to their principal advantages and disadvantages  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study deals with the principal advantages and disadvantages of the five types of proven commercial reactors. A description of each class of commercial reactor (light water, gas-cooled, and heavy water) and their proven reactors is followed by a comparison of reactor types on the basis of technical merit, economics of operation, availability of technology, and associated political issues. (author)

442

Social and Occupational Integration of Disadvantaged People. Leonardo da Vinci Good Practices Series.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document profiles nine European programs that exemplify good practice in social and occupational integration of disadvantaged people. The programs profiled are as follows: (1) Restaurant Venezia (a CD-ROM program to improve the reading and writing skills of young people in Luxembourg who have learning difficulties); (2) an integrated…

Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

443

Use of Computer Assisted Instruction in Mathematics for Disadvantaged Seventh Grade Youth.  

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This paper reports on a pilot study conducted to determine the effectiveness and utility of a computer-assisted drill program in mathematics with disadvantaged seventh graders. The instructional materials used were Suppes' drill and practice lessons. Twenty students were chosen to participate in the study for a two-month period. At the completion…

Gipson, Joella

444

TV Characters at Work: Television's Role in the Occupational Aspirations of Economically Disadvantaged Youths  

Science.gov (United States)

Television regularly depicts work-related activities of fictional characters and is one of several important sources of occupational information for young people. However, no research appears to have examined the influence of televised occupational portrayals on economically disadvantaged youths, although television may be an especially important…

Hoffner, Cynthia A.; Levine, Kenneth J.; Sullivan, Quintin E.; Crowell, Dennis; Pedrick, Laura; Berndt, Patricia

2006-01-01

445

Effects of Year-Round Schooling on Disadvantaged Students and the Distribution of Standardized Test Performance  

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Using detailed longitudinal data for the state of California, this paper estimates the effect of year-round school calendars on nationally standardized test performance of traditionally disadvantaged students. The student subgroups studied in this paper are: low socioeconomic status, limited English proficiency, Hispanic and Latino, and African…

Graves, Jennifer

2011-01-01

446

Utilization of Primary and Secondary Medical Care among Disadvantaged Populations: A Log-Linear Model Analysis  

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Full Text Available Aim: We examined how, where an overall population is covered by universal health insurance, characteristics of disadvantaged populations interact to influence inequality in primary and secondary medical care utilization. Subject and Methods: Disadvantaged populations, the focus of the study, were defined as populations who have lower socio-economic status (SES, who are elderly and/or reside in a peripheral area. Data from the 2009 Israeli National Health Survey were analysed using log-linear models to estimate utilization of medical care. Results: The main findings were: a pro-poor utilization of primary medical care among elderly populations, with higher odds ratios for low SES populations in the periphery; (b lack of interaction between SES and primary medical care utilization among younger populations, between SES and secondary medical care utilization among the elderly and pro-rich utilization of secondary medical care among younger populations who did not regularly visit general practitioners (GP; (c the odds ratios of secondary medical care utilization increased as SES decreased for both elderly and younger populations who also regularly visited a GP. Conclusion: Potential policy implications for disadvantaged populations, regarding possible inequality in primary and secondary medical care utilization, can be drawn using log-linear model analysis of interactions among characteristics (SES, age, location of disadvantaged populations.

Gregory Yom Din

2014-04-01

447

Neighborhood Disadvantage, Social Comparisons, and the Subjective Assessment of Ambient Problems among Older Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

Using data from adults age 65 and older in the District of Columbia and two adjoining counties in Maryland, we examine the association between community-level structural disadvantage and individuals' subjective assessments of neighborhood problems. In addition, we test whether or not perceptions of relative financial equality or inequality with…

Schieman, Scott; Pearlin, Leonard I.

2006-01-01

448

Kindergarten Reinforcement. Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund. Evaluation Report, 1982-1983.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report gives an interim evaluation for 1982-83 of the Kindergarten Reinforcement project in the Cleveland Public Schools. This project, designed to promote optimal development of disadvantaged children's basic learning skills relevant to subsequent successful school experiences, provides kindergarten teachers with supplementary instructional…

Garvey, Reba

449

Neighborhood Disadvantage, Stressful Life Events, and Adjustment among Mexican American Early Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined a stress process model in which stressful life events and association with delinquent peers mediated the relationship of neighborhood disadvantage to Mexican American early adolescents' mental health. The authors also proposed that child gender, child generation, and neighborhood informal social control would moderate the…

Roosa, Mark W.; Burrell, Ginger L.; Nair, Rajni L.; Coxe, Stefany; Tein, Jenn-Yun; Knight, George P.

2010-01-01

450

Stress Exposure and Depression in Disadvantaged Women: The Protective Effects of Optimism and Perceived Control  

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In the present study, the authors predicted that the individual protective factors of optimism and perceived control over acute and chronic stressors would buffer the relations between acute and chronic stress exposure and severity of depression, controlling for household income, in a sample of financially disadvantaged women. Ninety-seven African…

Grote, Nancy K.; Bledsoe, Sarah E.; Larkin, Jill; Lemay, Edward P., Jr.; Brown, Charlotte

2007-01-01

451

WWC Quick Review of the Report "Addressing Summer Reading Setback among Economically Disadvantaged Elementary Students"  

Science.gov (United States)

The study examined whether providing summer reading books to economically disadvantaged first- and second-grade students for three consecutive summers improved reading achievement. The study analyzed data on about 1,300 students from 17 high-poverty elementary schools in two large districts in Florida. Student-level reading achievement was…

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