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1

Developing Strategies to Cope with Academic Disparities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to study the academic conditions of students who come from deprived background and from the rural areas to join universities at the M.A. level and suggest strategies to cope with academic challenges faced by them. The paper assumes that there exists a large gap between students who come from rural areas and from the deprived sections and academic expectations demanded by educational institutions. It studies the nature of their problems and suggests measures to deal with such difference. It also reports an experiment done to improve academic skills of such students.

Anand Mahanand

2012-01-01

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Developing Strategies to Cope with Academic Disparities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to study the academic conditions of students who come from deprived background and from the rural areas to join universities at the M.A. level and suggest strategies to cope with academic challenges faced by them. The paper assumes that there exists a large gap between students who come from rural areas and from the deprived sections and academic expectations demanded by educational institutions. It studies the nature of their problems and suggests measures to deal with such difference. It also reports an experiment done to improve academic skills of such students.

Anand Mahanand

2011-01-01

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Adaptive coping strategies among adults with dental fear. Further development of a new version of the Dental Coping Strategy Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to further develop and investigate a newly constructed 15-item questionnaire on strategies for coping with dental treatment, used by fearful adult patients undergoing regular dental care and those with phobic avoidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dental coping strategy questionnaire (DCSQ-15) was distributed to 77 individuals with dental phobic avoidance and 94 fearful patients undergoing regular dental care. Previous analyses of a 20-item coping questionnaire (DCSQ-20) revealed that 2 of 4 identified factors predicted regularity or phobic avoidance of dental care. However, one of these factors was considered related to catastrophizing thoughts and not to coping strategies and it was therefore removed in the present study. RESULTS: The reduced 15-item questionnaire was analyzed to identify its factor structure and a 5-factor solution was found. The five factors were labeled (i) 'self-efficacy', (ii) 'self-distraction', (iii) 'distancing', (iv) 'praying' and (v) 'optimism'. The factors of 'praying' and 'optimism' correlated significantly with dental anxiety and were assessed significantly higher and lower respectively, among individuals with phobic avoidance. A logistic regression analysis revealed that 'optimism', together with gender and dental anxiety, was predictive of the regularity or phobic avoidance of dental care.

Bernson JM; Elfström ML; Hakeberg M

2012-09-01

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Development and validation of the coping strategies questionnaire for parents of children with diabetes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study describes the development and validation of the Coping Strategies for Diabetes Care (CSDC) questionnaire for parents of children with diabetes. In Study 1, a pilot version was tested with a sample of 101 parents. In Study 2 (N=199), confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on data from...

Beléndez Vázquez, Marina; Topa Cantisano, Gabriela; Bermejo Alegría, Rosa María; Méndez Carrillo, Francisco Javier

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Development of a questionnaire for the assessment of active and passive coping strategies in chronic pain patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study describes the development of a self-report questionnaire, the Vanderbilt Pain Management Inventory, which assesses the frequency with which chronic pain patients use active or passive coping strategies when their pain reaches a moderate or greater level of intensity. Two internally reliable scales, Active Coping and Passive Coping, were derived using factor analytic techniques from a sample of 361 rheumatoid arthritis patients. The 2 scales showed an opposite pattern of relationships with criterion measures. While Active Coping was associated with reports of less pain, less depression, less functional impairment, and higher general self-efficacy, Passive Coping was correlated with reports of greater depression, greater pain and flare-up activity, greater functional impairment, and lower general self-efficacy. The relationship of these scales to previous theory and research on coping is presented. These scales appear useful for the assessment of coping strategies in clinical settings and in treatment outcome research on chronic pain.

Brown GK; Nicassio PM

1987-10-01

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Coping strategies in chronic pain.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Patients with chronic pain need strategies to manage their pain and its impact, also known as coping. Coping is not restricted to one dimension of functioning; it involves virtually every dimension of human functioning: cognitive, affective, behavioral, and physiological. We review the literature on coping strategies for chronic pain, including concept and types of coping (eg, religious, social, psychological), as well as coping-with-pain questionnaires, studies available, other topics of interest, interventions to enhance coping with pain, and future directions in this field.

Peres MF; Lucchetti G

2010-10-01

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Strategies Developed by Children to Cope with Punishment: a Dialogue Between Psychology and Social Networks Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main objective of this exploratory descriptive research was to identifythe strategies developed by children between 7 and 12 years old fromsouthwest Bogotá to cope with punishment and to adapt themselves to theirsociocultural and home environments. Anthropological methods have beenused in this research because even though Psychology allows for a generalconceptualization of this issue, Anthropology provides different tools forthe understanding of the cultural and social elements in which the childlives. This research is composed by two different parts, in the first one childrenstrategies to cope punishment are identified through semi-structuredinterviews. In the second part, through life histories, the social and culturalsystem of four children is described. Thus, results and discussion are separatedaccording to this two moments, in order to try to present a dialoguebetween psychology and socials networks theory.

Ximena Palacios-Espinosa; Sandra Pulido; Jaime Montaña

2009-01-01

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Patient Disease Perceptions and Coping Strategies for Arthritis in a Developing Nation: A Qualitative Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background There is little prior research on the burden of arthritis in the developing world. We sought to document how patients with advanced arthritis living in the Dominican Republic are affected by and cope with their disease. Methods We conducted semi-structured, one-to-one interviews with economically disadvantaged Dominican patients with advanced knee and/or hip arthritis in the Dominican Republic. The interviews, conducted in Spanish, followed a moderator's guide that included topics such as the patients' understanding of disease etiology, their support networks, and their coping mechanisms. The interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim in Spanish, and systematically analyzed using content analysis. We assessed agreement in coding between two investigators. Results 18 patients were interviewed (mean age 60 years, median age 62 years, 72% women, 100% response rate). Patients invoked religious and environmental theories of disease etiology, stating that their illness had been caused by God's will or through contact with water. While all patients experienced pain and functional limitation, the social effects of arthritis were gender-specific: women noted interference with homemaking and churchgoing activities, while men experienced disruption with occupational roles. The coping strategies used by patients appeared to reflect their beliefs about disease causation and included prayer and avoidance of water. Conclusions Patients' explanatory models of arthritis influenced the psychosocial effects of the disease and coping mechanisms used. Given the increasing reach of global health programs, understanding these culturally influenced perceptions of disease will be crucial in successfully treating chronic diseases in the developing world.

Niu Nina N; Davis Aileen M; Bogart Laura M; Thornhill Thomas S; Abreu Luis; Ghazinouri Roya; Katz Jeffrey N

2011-01-01

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Development of the Coping Flexibility Scale: Evidence for the Coping Flexibility Hypothesis  

Science.gov (United States)

"Coping flexibility" was defined as the ability to discontinue an ineffective coping strategy (i.e., evaluation coping) and produce and implement an alternative coping strategy (i.e., adaptive coping). The Coping Flexibility Scale (CFS) was developed on the basis of this definition. Five studies involving approximately 4,400 Japanese college…

Kato, Tsukasa

2012-01-01

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[Assessment of chronic pain coping strategies  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: We made an adaptation of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) to the Spanish population. This measure, the most used in its scope, was developed by Rosenstiel and Keefe in 1983. METHOD: 205 participants coming from Primary Health Care and pain clinics made up the sample. More than half suffered migraine and chronic tension-type headache; the rest, fibromyalgia, low back pain, arthrosis or arthritis. RESULTS: Factor analyses explained 59 % of the total variance, on an 8-factor structure that converged into a 2-factor structure. In the 8-factor solution the novelty was the diversification of mental-non-mental distraction strategies, and religious-non-religious hope strategies. In the 2-factor solution the novelty was the grouping according to the efficacy of the coping. All the CSQ factors showed inner consistency and construct validity. Thus, unadaptive coping strategies were related to negative, anxious and depressed self-talk, related to lack of control and perceived self-efficacy, and related to many pain behaviors. On the contrary it happened with adaptive coping strategies. In addition, the diagnosis of pain was related to the utilization and effectiveness of coping strategies. CONCLUSIONS: CSQ is shown to be a reliable and valid measure of coping strategies in chronic pain in the Spanish population, showing the difference between theoretical and empirical factor structures again.

Rodríguez Franco L; Cano García FJ; Blanco Picabia A

2004-03-01

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Psychological Counselors’ Coping Strategies with Emotions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the study is to present how often the scholl counselorsexperience the emotions of anger, sadness, fear and hatred and what they do to cope with these emotions. In the study, the qualitative research method was used. From the 49 provinces of Turkey, 140 people comprising of women and 81 men participated and the feedback from 101 of these participants were taken. An open-ended semi- structured question form which was developed by the researchers to collect the data was used. The Nvivo9 package software programme has been used for the process of entering, studying and analysing the data by tabulating it. To cope with manage negative emotions, the participants were in general seen to use some coping strategies with their emotions such as ‘trying to forget and avoid, turning into introvert and share, turning into extrovert and face off and trying to be calm’.

Bahad?r BOZO?LAN; ?brahim ÇANKAYA

2012-01-01

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Effect of the Holy Month of Ramadan on Coping Strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Stress is one of the risk factors for the development of so many physical and especially psychological disorders. Now, the impression is focused on coping strategies versus previous emphasis on nature and severity of stress. The present study was performed to evaluate if fasting, not only as a religious behavior but also as a coping strategy can influence the way of coping with stress in humans. Methods: In a pre-test / post-test survey, 100 medical students were evaluated for stress coping strategies before and after the holy month of Ramadan using CS-R scale. Results: The results revealed that the use of ineffective coping strategies was significantly decreased after the holy month with no alterations in other strategies. In details, uses of superstitiousness, wishful thinking and self-medication coping strategies were statistically lower after Ramadan compared to values before it (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The present study showed that Ramadan fasting (a religious behavior or belief) as a coping strategy has beneficial effect on the way of coping with stress in humans. Keywords: Stress, Coping Strategies, Religion, Ramadan, Medical Student

S Akuchekian; A Ebrahimi; S Alvandian

2004-01-01

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A Study on Response Strategy to Cope with International and Domestic Constraints on the Development of Nuclear Fuel Cycle.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study is to analyze international and domestic constraints on the development of nuclear fuel cycle technology in Korea and to develop response strategies to deal with these constraints. This study proceeded as follows: Chapter 2 examined multilateral international constrains including IAEA safeguards system and NPT, bilateral international constraints such as the U.S.-Korea Nuclear Energy Cooperation Agreement and the U.S. nonproliferation policy, and domestic constraints like residents' anti nuclear movement and environmental protest movement. In Chapter 3, this study conducted a case study on Japan's nuclear fuel cycle programs as a basic research for the establishment of relevant response strategies vis-a-vis the international and domestic constraints. In this chapter, the focus of analysis was on Japan's strategies to deal with multilateral and bilateral pressures and domestic constraints. In Chapters 4 and 5, this study sought to elaborate Korea's strategies to cope with multilateral international constraints and U.S. constraints on the development of a domestic nuclear fuel cycle in Korea, respectively. The response strategies to domestic constraints were also illuminated in Chapter 6. 44 refs., 2 tabs., 9 figs. (author)

Moon, Chung in; Park, Hahn Kyu; Kim, Tak Won; Lee, Dong Yoon; Lee, Yong Hwan [Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1997-12-01

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Children's coping strategies for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To identify anticipatory, acute, and delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) frequency and coping strategies used among pediatric patients with cancer. DESIGN: Prospective, cohort design. SETTING: A pediatric teaching hospital in the southern United States. SAMPLE: A convenience sample of 40 children aged 7-12 years scheduled to receive either moderately emetic chemotherapy or highly emetic chemotherapy for cancer treatment. METHODS: Children completed the Adapted Rhodes Index of Nausea and Vomiting for Pediatrics and the Kidcope-Younger Version. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: CINV and coping strategies. FINDINGS: CINV occurred during the anticipatory, acute, and delayed times, with the highest frequency occurring during the delayed time. The most frequently used coping strategies were distraction and wishful thinking, whereas the most effective strategies were social support and distraction. No statistically significant differences were observed in the frequency or efficacy of coping strategies over time. CONCLUSIONS: CINV occurs throughout chemotherapy treatment. The most efficacious coping strategies included active and passive coping, with active coping strategies being more effective. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Nurses should recognize that CINV occurs at all points of chemotherapy treatment. Nurses can assist children in developing active coping strategies to manage their CINV.

Rodgers C; Norville R; Taylor O; Poon C; Hesselgrave J; Gregurich MA; Hockenberry M

2012-03-01

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Coping strategies after heart transplantation: psychological implications.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To investigate coping strategies used by patients submitted to heart transplantation and whether they are related to the perception of the disease and transplantation. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with quantitative and qualitative analysis. The sample of 32 patients was assessed by the Ways of Coping Scale and socio-demographic questionnaire, and five of them were selected for interviews. The internal consistency of the scale was assessed, the variables and strategies involved were crossed and content analysis of interviews, investigating the existence of a relationship with the speech of the participants. RESULTS: The individuals have used all coping styles, with a predominance of the problem-focused strategy. Psychologically prepared patients showed a statistically significant increase in the use of problem-focused coping and seek for social support. However, a significant increase in the use of emotion-focused coping was observed in patients who were not prepared. Analysis through the method of Bardin showed as categories: disease; reaction to call; transplantation; fantasies; postoperative; team and coping. CONCLUSION: Patients with a transplanted heart make use of all coping strategies, with a predominance of the problem-focused strategy. Psychologically prepared individuals used more active coping strategies, which highlights the importance of psychological support during the process.

Pfeifer PM; Ruschel PP; Bordignon S

2013-03-01

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Personality and coping strategies during submarine missions.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Relations between personality profiles, measured by the Personality Characteristics Inventory (PCI), and habitual coping strategies, measured by the Utrecht Coping List (UCL), were investigated in a sample of submarine personnel and office employees. The predictive validity of these instruments were examined for reported stress, health complaints, and salivary cortisone measures during 3 submarine missions. PCI and UCL were completed before the missions, and questionnaires and saliva were collected weekly. The results showed no significant relations between PCI profiles and coping strategies. Interpersonal orientation, achievement motivation, and habitual coping strategies were predictors for coping during the submarine missions. Problem-directed strategies and interpersonal sensitivity combined with strong achievement motivation were related to low indicated stress from social factors (lack of privacy, interpersonal tension, and crowding) and homesickness. The findings suggest that interpersonal characteristics need to be considered in the selection of submariners and personnel for other military settings in which units are exposed to prolonged stress and isolation.

Sandal GM; Endresen IM; Vaernes R; Ursin H

2003-01-01

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The relationships among coping strategies, religious coping, and spirituality in African American women with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To (a) examine coping capacity, psychological distress, spiritual well-being, positive and negative religious coping, and coping strategies among African American (AA) women with breast cancer, and (b) explore relationships among these variables to enhance an already tested comprehensive coping strategy program (CCSP) intervention for AA women with breast cancer (CCSP-AA). DESIGN: Descriptive-correlational. SETTING: Comprehensive cancer center in Maryland. SAMPLE: 17 AA women with breast cancer. METHODS: Women completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Sense of Coherence scale, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being, Brief Religious Coping Inventory, and Coping Strategies Questionnaire. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Psychological distress, coping capacity, coping strategies, religious coping, and spiritual well-being. FINDINGS: A higher coping capacity was beneficial, as it was related to less psychological distress, negative religious coping, and catastrophizing. Women using less negative religious coping had greater spiritual well-being and less distress. Using more coping self-statements was associated with higher spiritual well-being and less negative religious coping. Catastrophizing had a negative effect on psychological distress and spiritual well-being. CONCLUSIONS: The development of a CCSP-AA that incorporates aspects of spirituality and components in a coping intervention needs to be tested in a clinical trial. The intervention will teach patients to recognize and restructure their thinking to avoid catastrophizing and negative religious coping. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Nurses need to work collaboratively with AA women to reinforce beneficial coping patterns and approaches. A tailored CCSP-AA for women with breast cancer administered by a nurse can be taught to assist AA patients in coping more effectively. KNOWLEDGE TRANSLATION: AA women with breast cancer use more positive religious coping and experience less distress and greater spiritual well-being, but catastrophizing has a negative effect on spiritual well-being. Nurses need to reinforce positive coping patterns for AA women with cancer.

Gaston-Johansson F; Haisfield-Wolfe ME; Reddick B; Goldstein N; Lawal TA

2013-03-01

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Exploring coping strategies of business leaders during an economic downturn  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english As a large part of South Africa's economy is based on the mining industry, this research focused on exploring the coping strategies of business leaders in the mining industry during an economic downturn. Using qualitative research within a constructivist-interpretive paradigm, the researchers sought a deeper understanding of how mining leaders cope during an economic downturn. A purposive sample of seven executive mining leaders of different mining houses was interviewed (more) and data was analysed using Atlas.ti. A conceptual framework for understanding coping strategies at the individual, group and organisational levels for business leaders during an economic downturn was developed and is discussed here. This study contributed to theory and practice by focusing on coping responses to specific situations within a specific context instead of on general coping strategies.

van Zyl, Marlise; du Plessis, Yvonne

2012-01-01

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Think aloud: acute stress and coping strategies during golf performances.  

Science.gov (United States)

A limitation of the sport psychology coping literature is the amount of time between a stressful episode and the recall of the coping strategies used in the stressful event (Nicholls & Polman, 2007). The purpose of this study was to develop and implement a technique to measure acute stress and coping during performance. Five high-performance adolescent golfers took part in Level 2 verbalization think aloud trials (Ericsson & Simon, 1993), which involved participants verbalizing their thoughts, over six holes of golf. Verbal reports were audio-recorded during each performance, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using protocol analysis (Ericsson & Simon, 1993). Stressors and coping strategies varied throughout the six holes, which support the proposition that stress and coping is a dynamic process that changes across phases of the same performance (Lazarus, 1999). The results also revealed information regarding the sequential patterning of stress and coping, suggesting that the golfers experienced up to five stressors before reporting a coping strategy. Think aloud appears a suitable method to collect concurrent stress and coping data. PMID:18612855

Nicholls, Adam R; Polman, Remco C J

2008-07-01

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Think aloud: acute stress and coping strategies during golf performances.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A limitation of the sport psychology coping literature is the amount of time between a stressful episode and the recall of the coping strategies used in the stressful event (Nicholls & Polman, 2007). The purpose of this study was to develop and implement a technique to measure acute stress and coping during performance. Five high-performance adolescent golfers took part in Level 2 verbalization think aloud trials (Ericsson & Simon, 1993), which involved participants verbalizing their thoughts, over six holes of golf. Verbal reports were audio-recorded during each performance, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using protocol analysis (Ericsson & Simon, 1993). Stressors and coping strategies varied throughout the six holes, which support the proposition that stress and coping is a dynamic process that changes across phases of the same performance (Lazarus, 1999). The results also revealed information regarding the sequential patterning of stress and coping, suggesting that the golfers experienced up to five stressors before reporting a coping strategy. Think aloud appears a suitable method to collect concurrent stress and coping data.

Nicholls AR; Polman RC

2008-07-01

 
 
 
 
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Overachievement and coping strategies in adolescent males.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

How to assist young people to achieve to their potential is a universal concern of educators. The relationship between achievement above that expected on the basis of IQ alone (often referred to as overachievement) in school assessment and preferred coping style, as assessed by the Adolescent Coping Scale (ACS, Frydenberg & Lewis, 1993a), was investigated in a group of 374 boys in Grades 9, 10 and 11 at an independent boys' school in metropolitan Melbourne. Separate partial correlation analyses for each of the three year levels showed that three of the coping strategies, Work and Achieve, Solve the Problem, and Social Support positively correlated with overachievement at all three levels. Other subscales also correlated significantly at one or other of the grade levels. It was concluded that overachievement may be better regarded as approaching one's full potential by the use of optimal coping strategies and avoidance of alternative responses to stress which appear to be non-productive.

Parsons A; Frydenberg E; Poole C

1996-03-01

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What to do when feeling bored? : Students' strategies for coping with boredom  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The goal of this study was to explore different strategies for coping with boredom. A questionnaire was developed targeting two dimensions of coping, namely approach versus avoidance oriented coping and cognitive versus behavioral oriented coping. First, based on the responses of 976 students (51% f...

Nett, Ulrike; Götz, Thomas; Daniels, Lia Marie

23

Prevalence of burnout syndrome and coping strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the burnout syndrome in health workers duringa contingency in Mexico City because of epidemiology AH1N1 influenza, andidentify if the use of coping strategies had protective effects for the burnout. Wehad a sample of 477 health workers and was performed a transversal descriptivestudy with a nonrandom quote sample. The instruments used were MaslachBurnout Inventory Human Services version and scale measuring coping face toextreme risks. It was performed a frequency and normality distribution to analyzethe differences, and also an analysis of variance in burnout, and multiple linealregression for coping strategies. We found that 24% had burnout (in emotionalexhaustion and a moderate degree depersonalization, with the presence of personalaccomplishment). They were also employed active and passive strategies.We found that the use of coping strategies was selective, active strategies had amoderating role to burnout and protective to the scale of emotional exhaustion,which seems to increase when there is personal realization. We propose the developmentof quantitative and qualitative research and the use of mixed models ofintervention: focusing on people.

Beatriz Cruz Valdés; Fernando Austria Corrales; Loredmy Herrera Kienhelger; Jorge Salas Hernández; Cinthya Zaira Vega Valero

2011-01-01

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Psychosocial coping strategies in cancer patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background. The aim of this review is to present common psychosocial problems in cancer patients and their possible coping strategies. Cancer patients are occupied with many psychosocial problems, which are only partially related to their health state and medical treatments. They are faced with a high social pressure, based on prejudices and stereotypes of this illness. The review presents the process of confrontation with the cancer diagnosis and of managing the psychological consequences of cancer. The effects of specific coping styles, psychosocial interventions and a social support on initiation, progression and recurrence of cancer are also described. Conclusions. Although some recent meta-analysis could not provide scientific evidence for the association between coping strategies and the cancer initiation, the progression or the recurrence (neither have studies rejected the thesis of association), the therapeutic window for the psychosocial intervention is still wide and shows an important effect on the quality of lives of many cancer patients. (author)

2004-01-01

25

Nurses? workplace stressors and coping strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Prior research has suggested that nurses, regardless of workplace or culture, are confronted with a variety of stressors. As the worldwide nursing shortage increases, the aged population becomes larger, there is an increase in the incidence of chronic illnesses and technology continues to advance, nurses continually will be faced with numerous workplace stressors. Thus, nurses, especially palliative care nurses, need to learn how to identify their workplace stressors and to cope effectively with these stressors to attain and maintain both their physical and mental health. This article describes workplace stressors and coping strategies, compares and contrasts cross-cultural literature on nurses? workplace stressors and coping strategies, and delineates a variety of stress management activities that could prove helpful for contending with stressors in the workplace.

Lambert Vickie; Lambert Clinton

2008-01-01

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Coping with globalization: Asian versus Latin American strategies of development, 1980-2010  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english When compared to Latin America, Asian economies since 1980 have grown faster and have done so with relatively modest inequalities. Why? A comparison of Asia and Latin America underlines the superiority of the nationalist capitalist model of development, which has often been pursued more explicitly in Asia, over that of a dependent capitalist model, which has often been pursued in Latin America. In comparison to Latin America, the Asian model has facilitated higher and les (more) s volatile rates of economic growth and a greater political room to pursue social democratic policies. The "tap root" of these alternate pathways is relative autonomy from global constraints: states and economies in Asia have been more nationalist and autonomous than in Latin America.

kohli, Atul

2012-12-01

27

Coping with globalization: Asian versus Latin American strategies of development, 1980-2010  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available When compared to Latin America, Asian economies since 1980 have grown faster and have done so with relatively modest inequalities. Why? A comparison of Asia and Latin America underlines the superiority of the nationalist capitalist model of development, which has often been pursued more explicitly in Asia, over that of a dependent capitalist model, which has often been pursued in Latin America. In comparison to Latin America, the Asian model has facilitated higher and less volatile rates of economic growth and a greater political room to pursue social democratic policies. The "tap root" of these alternate pathways is relative autonomy from global constraints: states and economies in Asia have been more nationalist and autonomous than in Latin America.

Atul kohli

2012-01-01

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CONSUMER COPING STRATEGIES OF EATING LOCAL  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reports the results of an exploratory investigation of the coping strategies of a small group of local food consumer “activists” –those committed to, and those who promote “eating locally” in Michigan. Following a brief review of discussions surrounding different definitions of local food...

Bingen, Jim; Sage, Julie; Sirieix, Lucie

29

Coping Strategies and Mood during Cold Weather Training.  

Science.gov (United States)

Adverse emotional reactions are a recognized problem in cold weather operations. The present study tested the hypothesis that these reactions are related to coping strategies employed in the cold. The coping strategies and emotional status of men going th...

D. L. Kelleher D. W. Kolar R. R. Vickers

1989-01-01

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Coping with body-image threats and challenges: validation of the Body Image Coping Strategies Inventory.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Despite extensive research on both body image and coping, little attention has been given to their interface. This investigation examined the reliability and validity of the newly developed Body Image Coping Strategies Inventory (BICSI), which measures how individuals characteristically manage threats or challenges to body-image experiences. METHODS: The BICSI and other relevant body-image and psychosocial functioning inventories were completed by 603 male and female college students. RESULTS: Results revealed a 29-item measure consisting of three internally consistent body-image coping factors: avoidance, appearance fixing, and positive rational acceptance. The BICSI significantly converged with other pertinent measures of body-image evaluation, affect, and investment, and with psychosocial functioning (i.e., self-esteem, social support, and eating disturbance). Regression analyses indicated that multiple coping strategies predicted individuals' body-image quality of life and their eating attitudes. Compared with men, women used all coping strategies more, especially appearance-fixing strategies. Ethnic differences were identified. CONCLUSION: The empirical findings support the reliability and validity of the BICSI. Limitations, implications, and research directions are considered.

Cash TF; Santos MT; Williams EF

2005-02-01

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Coping Strategies of Family Members of Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This exploratory research paper investigated the coping strategies of families of hospitalized psychiatric patients and identified their positive and negative coping strategies. In this paper, the coping strategies of 45 family members were examined using a descriptive, correlational, mixed method r...

Eaton, Phyllis M.; Davis, Bertha L.; Hammond, Pamela V.; Condon, Esther H.; McGee, Zina T.

32

Active and passive coping strategies in chronic pain patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study assessed the validity of active and passive coping dimensions in chronic pain patients (n = 76) using the Coping Strategies Questionnaire and the Vanderbilt Pain Management Inventory. The validity of active and passive coping dimensions was supported; passive coping was strongly related to general psychological distress and depression, and active coping was associated with activity level and was inversely related to psychological distress. In addition, the Coping Strategies Questionnaire was found to be a more psychometrically sound measure of active and passive coping than the Vanderbilt Pain Management Inventory.

Snow-Turek AL; Norris MP; Tan G

1996-03-01

33

An exploration of the workplace bullying experience: coping strategies used by nurses.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This qualitative descriptive study explored nurses' experience of being bullied and examined their coping strategies. A purposive sample of 18 registered nurses who self-identified as being targets of bullying behavior was used. The authors found that nurses used a variety of coping strategies. An understanding of these strategies can assist staff development educators to develop interventions to eliminate this pervasive problem.

Simons S; Sauer P

2013-09-01

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Coping Strategies: an alternative to face situations that produce burnout  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to study Coping Strategies as explanatory variables of Job Burnout, in employees (University graduates vs. non-university graduates) working at government offices in Mendoza Argentina. In order to develop a more comprehensive approach to this issue, the methodology used includes quantitative techniques and qualitative techniques. The research entailed a comparative study. The results obtained from the quantitative data, show significant differences between “university” graduates – who use strategies that seem to be closer to action and problem solving; and “non-university” graduates – who use strategies linked to emotion. From an applied point of view, it is expected that the results may generate Ongoing Training Programs focusing on burnout and stress related to the development of positive Coping Strategies.

Marsollier, Roxana Graciela; Aparicio, Miriam Teresita

2010-01-01

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Strategies for coping with stress as predictors of mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem Statement: According to the relevant literature, strategies for coping with stress affect adolescent’s mental and physical health, school attendance and adaptation, academic achievement. If strategies for coping with stress suggested by Csikszentmihalyi are taught to adolescents, a more effective use of psychic energy and thus an increase in subjective experience quality can be achieved.Purpose of the Study: The aim of this study is to examine whether strategies coping with stress based on the Flow Theory predict adolescents’ mental health to a significant level.Method: The study was conducted on a total of 119 ninth grade students (61 females and 58 males) aged 14-17 in a public high school in Ankara (in 2005-2006). The predictor variables of the study, the subscales of the Strategies for Coping with Stress Scale (SCSS), were struggle (S), personal control (PC), and active/effective contact with the environment (ACE). SCSS was developed based on Csikszentmihalyi’s flow theory. The predicted variables of the study were the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) whose subscales of Turkish form were anxiety, depression, negative self, hostility and somatization. In the study, multiple linear regression analysis was used.Findings and Results: There were correlations ranging from ? =-.65 p<.001, R2 =.39 to ?=.30 P<.05, R2 =.07 between the subscales of SCSS and the subscales of BSI. Most correlation coefficients were negative as expected. Moreover, the regression models established between predicted and predictor variables were significant at p<.001 level excluding somatization. The most powerful predictor of mental health is the ACE strategy of coping with stress. The findings especially about ACE support the strategy of “focusing attention on the world”, which Csikszentmihalyi suggests as an effective strategy.Conclusions and Recommendations: The results depict that as the levels of adolescents’ stress coping strategies decrease, their psychological symptoms increase. These results support Csikszentmihalyi’s opinions on coping with stress and other relevant literature. Psychological help experts can control adolescents’ mental health and raise the quality of their subjective experiences by teaching them strategies of SCSS.

Kamile Bahar Ayd?n

2010-01-01

36

[Coping strategies in adaptation of higher education students].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The adjustment to higher education can be understood as a multidimensional process, which requires by the student a development of adaptive skills to a new and dynamic context in itself. To meet these challenges students have to develop effective coping strategies, enabling them to be adapted to the context. The school has a key role in the help it can give to these young people, in order to adapt effectively.

das Neves Mira Freitas HC

2007-07-01

37

Coping strategies and patient delay in patients with cancer.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examined associations between avoidance and approach coping and patient delay in cancer patients (N = 1024). Approach coping was associated with short appraisal intervals (time from symptom discovery to recognition of symptom seriousness). Avoidance coping was associated with long appraisal intervals when adjusting for covariates. Help-seeking intervals (time from recognition of symptom seriousness to contact to general practitioner) were only associated with approach coping and only when adjusting for the influence of covariates. The results revealed a complex relationship between coping and patient delay and supported that normal processing of health threats implies avoidance and approach coping strategies.

Pedersen AF; Olesen F; Hansen RP; Zachariae R; Vedsted P

2013-01-01

38

Coping, Regulation, and Development during Childhood and Adolescence  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter identifies four challenges to the study of the development of coping and regulation and outlines specific theoretical and empirical strategies for addressing them. The challenges are (1) to integrate work on coping and processes of emotion regulation, (2) to use the integration of research on neuro-biology and context to inform the…

Compas, Bruce E.

2009-01-01

39

Coping Strategies Predictive of Adverse Outcomes among Community Adults.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between coping strategies at baseline and adverse outcomes 13 years later, and whether gender and age moderated these associations. METHOD: Participants (N = 651) completed a survey on demographic characteristics, coping strategies, and psychosocial outcomes (negative life events, alcohol consumption, drinking problems, and suicidal ideation). RESULTS: At the follow-up (N = 521), more use of avoidance coping was associated with more drinking problems and suicidal ideation at follow-up. Men high in avoidance coping reported more alcohol consumption and suicidal ideation at follow-up than did men low on avoidance coping. Younger adults high in avoidance coping reported more negative life events at follow-up than did younger adults low on avoidance coping. CONCLUSIONS: Reliance on avoidance coping may be especially problematic among men and younger adults.

Woodhead EL; Cronkite RC; Moos RH; Timko C

2013-04-01

40

Stress coping strategies in hearing-impaired students  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: The majority of people experience problems and stressors, such as job layoffs and illnesses during their lives. However, the way people cope with stress varies. According to previous research, use of effective coping strategies can significantly reduce stress and tension. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of stress coping strategies on hearing-impaired students.Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test, and control group. The sample consisted of 40 hearing-impaired male students of guidance and high schools of the city of Sari, Iran, in the years 2010 and 2011. They were randomly selected and assigned to two experimental and control groups (n=20). The data collection tool was the General Health Questionnaire-28. The experimental group was administered eight sessions of stress coping strategies based on cognitive-behavioral techniques two hours weekly. Data were analyzed using statistical indices including mean, standard deviation, and two-way analysis of variance.Results: There was a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores in the subscales of somatic symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, depression, and social function (p<0.05). Moreover, after the eight sessions the rate of general health of the experimental group was higher than the control group.Conclusion: Stress coping strategies based on cognitive-behavioral techniques increased the general health of hearing-impaired people. Therefore, stress management training should be developed and expanded as an appropriate intervention.

Bahman Akbari; Zohreh Teymori; Shahnam Abolghasemi; Hamidreza Khorshidiyan

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Coping strategies of hospitalized people with psychiatric disabilities in Taiwan.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Research has found that people with psychiatric disabilities Taiwan tended to utilize passive and emotional-focused strategies to cope with their illness unlike Western studies. A self-reported questionnaire that incorporated categories: socio-demographic characteristics, the self-impact of illness, illness adaptation, and coping strategy scale was administrated to 140 persons with psychiatric disabilities routinely hospitalized over a long period of time to explore the strategies of coping with their mental disorders. Analysis of survey data found the sense of helplessness and the overall illness adaptation significantly impact negative emotion coping utilization. Those who felt highly impact by the illness, more sense of helplessness, less actively managing their illness, and more social support availability were more likely to use positive emotion as a coping strategy. The better overall adaption to the illness significantly impact procrastination and previous illness experience utilization. Only a positive coping strategy was found significantly to manage the illness.

Wu HC; Wu CK; Liao JW; Chang LH; I-Chen T

2010-03-01

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Coping strategies of hospitalized people with psychiatric disabilities in Taiwan.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research has found that people with psychiatric disabilities Taiwan tended to utilize passive and emotional-focused strategies to cope with their illness unlike Western studies. A self-reported questionnaire that incorporated categories: socio-demographic characteristics, the self-impact of illness, illness adaptation, and coping strategy scale was administrated to 140 persons with psychiatric disabilities routinely hospitalized over a long period of time to explore the strategies of coping with their mental disorders. Analysis of survey data found the sense of helplessness and the overall illness adaptation significantly impact negative emotion coping utilization. Those who felt highly impact by the illness, more sense of helplessness, less actively managing their illness, and more social support availability were more likely to use positive emotion as a coping strategy. The better overall adaption to the illness significantly impact procrastination and previous illness experience utilization. Only a positive coping strategy was found significantly to manage the illness. PMID:19826952

Wu, Hui-Ching; Wu, Ching-Kuan; Liao, Jing-Wei; Chang, Li-Hsin; I-Chen, Tang

2010-03-01

43

Coping among Students: Development and Validation of an Exploratory Measure  

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Full Text Available Students is a very specific population according to their manner to cope with stress. A coping questionnaire for students was developed and administered to 1100 French students at the beginning of the term (T1). Principal Component Analysis of responses, followed by varimax rotations, yielded three factors accounting for 50.5% of the total variance. Factors were identified as seeking social support, avoidance/emotion-focused coping and festive-addictive coping. Associations were observed between scores on these factors and a general coping scale (WCC-R), personal variables measured at the same time (T1), neuroticism, self-esteem, substance use, and four stress factors, as well as variables measured at the end of the term (T2), somatic symptoms, depressive symptoms, eating disorders, and life satisfaction. It would be very interesting to develop the students’ personal competencies, so that they are learning how to adopt functional strategies of coping rather than of the harmful kind.

Emilie Boujut; Marilou Bruchon-Schweitzer; Stephan Dombrowski

2012-01-01

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Validating Work Discrimination and Coping Strategy Models for Sexual Minorities  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to validate and expand on Y. B. Chung's (2001) models of work discrimination and coping strategies among lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons. In semistructured individual interviews, 17 lesbians and gay men reported 35 discrimination incidents and their related coping strategies. Responses were coded based on Chung's…

Chung, Y. Barry; Williams, Wendi; Dispenza, Franco

2009-01-01

45

Coping Strategies Used by Distance Rehabilitation Counseling Interns  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated coping strategies used by distance master's level student interns from one rehabilitation counseling program. Analysis of variance revealed a significant difference among five coping strategies. Post hoc comparisons showed that interns used problem-focused and seeking social support more frequently than self-blame, wishful…

Kampfe, Charlene M.; Smith, Mae S.; Manyibe, Edward O.; Sales, Amos P.; Moore, Susan F.

2009-01-01

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Coping Strategies Used by Adolescents during Smoking Cessation  

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The purpose of this study was to examine coping strategies used by teens as they attempted to quit smoking. The teens were attending a school-based cessation program titled "Quit 2 Win" that was offered in four high schools. This study examined situations in which teens were tempted to smoke. The study compares coping strategies teens reported in…

Jannone, Laura; O'Connell, Kathleen A.

2007-01-01

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An exploration of the workplace bullying experience: coping strategies used by nurses.  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative descriptive study explored nurses' experience of being bullied and examined their coping strategies. A purposive sample of 18 registered nurses who self-identified as being targets of bullying behavior was used. The authors found that nurses used a variety of coping strategies. An understanding of these strategies can assist staff development educators to develop interventions to eliminate this pervasive problem. PMID:24060657

Simons, Shellie; Sauer, Penny

48

Spiritual coping strategies: a review of the nursing research literature.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS OF THE PAPER: This paper reviews some of the limited nursing research-based literature, orientated towards the use of spiritual coping strategies in illness. This review aims at identifying those spiritual coping strategies used by the believers and nonbelievers followed by implications for holistic nursing care. LITERATURE SEARCH: The CINAHL and MEDLINE CD Rom databases were searched, identifying literature published from 1975 onwards which amounted to 187 articles. The majority of the literature traced were found anecdotal with only few studies investigating directly spiritual coping strategies. Following scrutiny of the available articles, only five research studies explored directly the spiritual coping strategies used in various illness, four of which were conducted in USA and one in UK. Because of the small scale research studies, generalization of the findings of this review is limited to the samples used. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND: Research suggests that spiritual coping strategies, involving relationship with self, others, Ultimate other/God or nature were found to help individuals to cope with their ailments. This may be because of finding meaning, purpose and hope, which may nurture individuals in their suffering. Spirituality is oftenly referred by literature as being synonymous with religiosity. Thus the use of spiritual coping strategies is restricted to individuals who hold religious beliefs. However, the definition of spirituality indicates that this concept is broader than religiosity. The theories on stress-coping (Folkman & Lazarus 1984) and the numinous experience (Otto 1950) outline the rationale for the use of these strategies which are applicable to both the believers and nonbelievers. IMPLICATIONS: This review suggests that the onset of illness may render the individual, being a believer or nonbeliever to realize the lack of control over his/her life. However the use of spiritual coping strategies may enhance self-empowerment, leading to finding meaning and purpose in illness. This implies that holistic care incorporates facilitation of various spiritual coping strategies to safeguard the wholeness and integrity of the patients.

Baldacchino D; Draper P

2001-06-01

49

Pain coping strategies for children with arthritis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To present information on pain management strategies for children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: The second author developed a manual to present pain management strategies to children. The use of the manual was pilot-tested with a group of children with JIA. Telephone interviews were used to gather information on implementation of pain management strategies. RESULTS: Children were able to implement the pain management strategies. Children reported a reduction in daily pain experiences related to JIA when using the pain management strategies. CONCLUSIONS: The pain management strategies were successful as an adjunctive intervention for short-term pain management. Pain symptoms related to JIA can severely limit children's participation in daily activities. Further study on how children use pain management strategies to improve their involvement in daily activities will provide useful clinical information.

Rosenzweig KJ; Nabors L

2013-01-01

50

Affecting coping: Does neurocognition predict approach and avoidant coping strategies within schizophrenia spectrum disorders?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

According to various diathesis-stress models of schizophrenia, life stress plays a defining role in the onset and course of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. In this regard, individual differences in coping strategies and affective traits, variables related to the management and experience of stress, may play a large role in susceptibility to the disorder and symptom exacerbation. Furthermore, it has been posited that cognitive deficits may limit an individuals' ability to effectively respond to stressful situations. We investigated the relationships between attention, immediate memory, trait negative affect (NA), trait positive affect (PA) and specific coping strategies within three groups: chronic schizophrenia patients (n=27), psychometrically-defined schizotypy (n=89), and schizotypy demographically-matched controls (n=26). As hypothesized affective traits displayed predictable relationships with specific coping strategies, such that NA was associated with the greater use of avoidant coping strategies within the schizophrenia and schizotypy group, while PA was associated with greater use of approach coping styles within all groups. The schizotypy group reported significantly higher levels of NA and also greater use of avoidant coping strategies than both the control and schizophrenia group. As expected group differences were found in trait affect, coping strategies, and cognitive functioning. Importantly, these group differences remained significant even when demographic variables were entered as covariates. Contrary to our expectations, cognitive functioning displayed only a few tenuous relationships with coping strategies within the schizophrenia and schizotypy groups. Overall, results support the notion that affective traits and not cognitive functioning is the best predictor of approach and avoidant coping strategies.

Macaulay R; Cohen AS

2013-09-01

51

Affecting coping: Does neurocognition predict approach and avoidant coping strategies within schizophrenia spectrum disorders?  

Science.gov (United States)

According to various diathesis-stress models of schizophrenia, life stress plays a defining role in the onset and course of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. In this regard, individual differences in coping strategies and affective traits, variables related to the management and experience of stress, may play a large role in susceptibility to the disorder and symptom exacerbation. Furthermore, it has been posited that cognitive deficits may limit an individuals' ability to effectively respond to stressful situations. We investigated the relationships between attention, immediate memory, trait negative affect (NA), trait positive affect (PA) and specific coping strategies within three groups: chronic schizophrenia patients (n=27), psychometrically-defined schizotypy (n=89), and schizotypy demographically-matched controls (n=26). As hypothesized affective traits displayed predictable relationships with specific coping strategies, such that NA was associated with the greater use of avoidant coping strategies within the schizophrenia and schizotypy group, while PA was associated with greater use of approach coping styles within all groups. The schizotypy group reported significantly higher levels of NA and also greater use of avoidant coping strategies than both the control and schizophrenia group. As expected group differences were found in trait affect, coping strategies, and cognitive functioning. Importantly, these group differences remained significant even when demographic variables were entered as covariates. Contrary to our expectations, cognitive functioning displayed only a few tenuous relationships with coping strategies within the schizophrenia and schizotypy groups. Overall, results support the notion that affective traits and not cognitive functioning is the best predictor of approach and avoidant coping strategies. PMID:23680466

Macaulay, Rebecca; Cohen, Alex S

2013-05-13

52

Appraisal and coping strategy use in victims of school bullying.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Transactional models of coping (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984) can contribute to our understanding of why some children cope effectively with bullying while others suffer negative outcomes. However, previous research has relied on coping measures that are not comparable with adult measures, restricting investigation of developmental trends. Additionally, previous research has not included appraisals when measuring coping using an established coping measure. AIMS: To examine the factor structure of a coping measure that is directly comparable with the adult literature; to examine the content of pupils' threat and challenge appraisals concerning bullying; and to examine the relationships between appraisals and coping strategy use within the victims of school bullying. SAMPLE: Participants were 459 children aged 9 - 14 years. METHOD: A self-report bullying questionnaire, incorporating Halstead et al.'s (1993) adolescent version of the Ways of Coping Checklist, was completed by participants. Also included were control, threat and challenge appraisal items. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed that Halstead et al.'s four-factor model of coping is valid for a population of school bullying victims. Content validity of items used to measure threat and challenge appraisal was demonstrated. Ambiguity of challenge appraisal influenced the use of Wishful Thinking, Seeks Social Support and Problem Focused coping. Wishful Thinking was also influenced by control appraisal. Avoidance coping was not influenced by the appraisals measured. CONCLUSION: Halstead et al.'s Revised Ways of Coping Checklist can be used to measure coping amongst child and adolescent victims of bullying. Furthermore, including appraisal variables improves our understanding of individual differences between victims' coping strategy choices.

Hunter SC; Boyle JM

2004-03-01

53

Food Insecurity and Coping Strategies in Rural Areas of Nepal : A Case Study of Dailekh District in Mid Western Development Region  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between household's resource endowment and food security status. It also aims to find out the household's coping strategies when they face food deficit condition. The analysis indicates that the distribution of resources is highly favorab...

Khatri-Chetri, Arun; Maharjan, Keshav Lall

54

Relations among stress, coping strategies, coping motives, alcohol consumption and related problems: a mediated moderation model.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Although prominent models of alcohol use and abuse implicate stress as an important motivator of alcohol consumption, research has not consistently identified a relationship between stress and drinking outcomes. Presumably stress leads to heavier alcohol consumption and related problems primarily for individuals who lack other adaptive methods for coping effectively with stressful experiences. To test this hypothesis, we examined four adaptive coping approaches (active coping, planning, suppression of competing activities, and restraint), as predictors of alcohol use and related problems as well as moderators of relations between stress and drinking outcomes in an undergraduate population (N=225). Further, we examined coping motives for drinking as potential mediators of the effects of coping strategies as well as stress by coping strategy interactions. Analyses supported both restraint and suppression of competing activities as moderators of the influence of stress on alcohol use but not problems. The stress by restraint interaction was also evident in the prediction of coping motives, and coping motives were related to higher levels of both weekly drinking and alcohol-related problems. Finally, coping motives for drinking served to mediate the stress by restraint interaction on weekly drinking. Overall, these results suggest that efforts to suppress competing activities and restrain impulsive responses in the face of stress may reduce the risk for heavy drinking during the transition from high school to college.

Corbin WR; Farmer NM; Nolen-Hoekesma S

2013-04-01

55

Relations among stress, coping strategies, coping motives, alcohol consumption and related problems: a mediated moderation model.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although prominent models of alcohol use and abuse implicate stress as an important motivator of alcohol consumption, research has not consistently identified a relationship between stress and drinking outcomes. Presumably stress leads to heavier alcohol consumption and related problems primarily for individuals who lack other adaptive methods for coping effectively with stressful experiences. To test this hypothesis, we examined four adaptive coping approaches (active coping, planning, suppression of competing activities, and restraint), as predictors of alcohol use and related problems as well as moderators of relations between stress and drinking outcomes in an undergraduate population (N=225). Further, we examined coping motives for drinking as potential mediators of the effects of coping strategies as well as stress by coping strategy interactions. Analyses supported both restraint and suppression of competing activities as moderators of the influence of stress on alcohol use but not problems. The stress by restraint interaction was also evident in the prediction of coping motives, and coping motives were related to higher levels of both weekly drinking and alcohol-related problems. Finally, coping motives for drinking served to mediate the stress by restraint interaction on weekly drinking. Overall, these results suggest that efforts to suppress competing activities and restrain impulsive responses in the face of stress may reduce the risk for heavy drinking during the transition from high school to college. PMID:23380486

Corbin, William R; Farmer, Nicole M; Nolen-Hoekesma, Susan

2012-12-16

56

Coping strategies in the South African police service  

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Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the internal consistency, construct validity, structural equivalence and item bias of the COPE, and to determine the differences between coping strategies of various demographic groups in the South African Police Service. A cross-sectional survey design was used. A random, stratified sample (N = 1431) was taken of police members in eight South African provinces. The COPE and a biographical questionnaire were administered. Four internally consistent factors were extracted, namely Approach Coping, Avoidance, Seeking Emotional Support and Turning to Religion. These factors showed structural equivalence for police members of all race groups and no items were biased. Differences in coping strategies were found for different ranks and races.Opsomming Die doelstelling van hierdie studie was om die interne konsekwentheid, konstrukgeldigheid, strukturele ekwivalensie en itemsydigheid van die COPE-vraelys te bepaal en om verskille tussen die coping-strategieë van verskillende demografiese groepe in die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiediens te bepaal. ’n Dwarssnee opname-ontwerp is gebruik. ’n Ewekansige gestratifiseerde steekproef (N = 1431) is van polisielede in agt provinsies van Suid-Afrika geneem. Die COPE en ’n biografiese vraelys is afgeneem. Vier intern konsekwente faktore, naamlik Benaderings-coping, Vermyding, Soeke na Emosionele Ondersteuning en Keer-na-Religie is onttrek. Hierdie faktore het strukturele ekwivalensie vir alle rassegroepe getoon en geen items was sydig nie. Verskille rakende coping-strategieë is vir verskillende rang en rasse gevind.

J. Pienaar; S. Rothmann

2003-01-01

57

Perceived Self-efficacy and Coping Strategies in Stressful Situations  

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Full Text Available AbstractObjectives: This study was carried out to determine the relationship between perceived self-efficacy and coping strategies in stressful situations. Method: This study was conducted using survey and cross-sectional method. Data were collected from 373 students of seven educational groups of Yazd University, between 22 June and 22 July 2006. The subjects were selected through cluster-randomized sampling method. The instruments for gathering data were Coping Strategies Scale-Revised (CSS-R), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS), Undergraduate Students Scale (USS), and Multidimensional Assessment of Stressful Life Events Scale (MASLES).  Results: The results showed significant difference among students with different levels of perceived self-efficacy, with regard to coping strategies in general (P<0.001), and with regard to components of coping strategies: seeking social support (p<0.01), avoidance coping (P<0.001), emotion-focused coping (p<0.01), active coping (p<0.01), and self-control (p<0.01) in particular. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that the perceived self-efficacy variable accounted for 20.3% of the variance in coping strategies. Conclusion: The results of the current study casts doubt on the premises of social-cognitive theory about the higher use of problem-focused coping by persons with high perceived self-efficacy, and the higher use of emotion-focused coping, such as avoidance coping and self-control by persons with lower perceived self-efficacy.    

2008-01-01

58

Loneliness, Coping Strategies, and Cognitive Styles of the Rural Gifted.  

Science.gov (United States)

|An exploratory study investigated the relationship between loneliness, coping strategies, and cognitive styles in a sample of 52 gifted students from rural Nebraska (mean age 17.25 years). Assessment measures consisted of the Woodward Loneliness Inventory, the Kalyan-Masih Coping Inventory I, and the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT), which…

Kalyan-Masih, V.; And Others

59

Adding coping-related strategies to biomedical argumentation in computer-generated genetic counseling patient letters.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Previously an experimental computer system was developed to automatically produce first drafts of genetic counseling patient letters containing biomedical evidence-based arguments. However, letters written by genetic counselors also employ strategies to help clients cope. The objectives of this research were to discover methods for addition of coping-related strategies to the drafts and to explore their efficacy. METHODS: Using an argumentation-based approach, the system design was modified to add coping-related strategies used by actual genetic counselors. An evaluation of computer-produced drafts was performed comparing those containing only biomedical arguments to those with coping strategies added to biomedical arguments. RESULTS: The evaluation mainly found no significant impact of adding coping strategies. CONCLUSION: The main contribution of this work was to show how coping-related strategies can be produced by an artificial intelligence approach within an argumentation-based theoretical framework. A possible future application would be to improve computer-drafted genetic counseling patient letters. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Computer-assisted drafting of letters has potential to aid in the practice of genetic counseling. Further research is needed to demonstrate the efficacy of adding coping strategies to computer-produced drafts.

Green NL; Stadler B

2013-08-01

60

Assessment of Stressors and Coping Strategies of Infertile Women  

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Full Text Available We conducted a descriptive study to evaluate the stressors and coping strategies of 150 infertile women presenting to Tabriz Al-Zahra Hospital since Aug. 2000 to Feb. 2002. Tiredness due to frequent trips to the clinic was the most common physical stressor in 67.3% of cases with severe and very severe intensities; and anxiety about effectiveness of treatment was the most common mental stressor in 87.3% of cases with severe and very severe intensities. Of affection-oriented coping strategies, praying and trust in GOD was the most used coping strategy (79.3%). Of the problem-oriented coping strategies, accepting the situation was used always in 74%. Psychosocial stressors were more frequent in comparison with physical stressors. So, obviating the affective problems of infertile women will have significant role in decrease of their stress and anxiety.

Laya Farzadi; Faezeh Mohammadi-Hosseini; Naeimeh Seyyed-Fatemi; Hossein Alikhah

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Burnout and coping strategies among hospital staff nurses.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examined the relationship between use of coping strategies and burnout among 150 randomly selected staff nurses from four hospitals. The instruments used were the frequency dimension of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson 1981) and the Ways of Coping (Revised) (Folkman & Lazarus 1985). In the canonical correlation analysis, two significant canonical variate sets differentiated nurses on the dimension of burnout. Nurses who experienced increased levels of burnout used the coping strategies of escape/avoidance, self-controlling and confronting (P less than 0.001). Nurses who experience decreased levels of burnout used the coping strategies of planful problem solving, positive reappraisal, seeking social support, and self-controlling (P less than 0.003). Self-controlling coping, although present in both variate sets, was used to a lesser extent by nurses with decreased burnout levels. The positive relationship between planful problem solving and reduced burnout levels supports the theoretical framework of Lazarus. This framework asserts that during the appraisal process, persons evaluate the harmfulness of an event and their own coping resources. Persons with lower levels of burnout may perceive the event as amenable to change or they may perceive their coping resources as adequate. Either perception may promote the view that the situation is amenable to problem solving. Another rationale for the effectiveness of particular coping strategies may lie in the reactions that these strategies engender in others. The use of planful problem solving, seeking social support and positive reappraisal has been reported to result in the offering of greater social support than when confronting and self-controlling coping were used.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Ceslowitz SB

1989-07-01

62

Teacher Candidates’ Strategies for Coping with Stress  

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Full Text Available This study aims to explore how teacher candidates cope with stress according to their gender, age, and major. The data for the study was collected via a personal information form and the Multidimensional Intimate Coping Questionnaire (MICQ) with the participation of 307 university students, 183 female (59.6 %) and 124 male (40.4). To analyze the data, for the gender and age variables an independent samples t-test, and for the major variable, a one-way ANOVA test was utilized. The results revealed that there was a significant difference in the gender variable in the subscales of ‚Negative and Passive Coping?, ‚Seeking External Support? and ‚Belief in Religion? subscale for the female students. The difference was significant for the male students in the subscale of ‚Use of Alcohol and Drugs?. Also, according to the age variable, the difference was again significant for the participants between the ages of 23 and 31 in the subscale of ‚Positive and Active Coping? and ‚Supporting Oneself?. Moreover, there was a significant difference major variable in the subscales of ‚Denial/Mental Disengagement? for special education students, and ‚Belief in Religion ? subscale for students in science departments. As a result of the study, teacher candidates should be aware of the existing and potential stress sources and problems, and also the problems they will face in their profession. In addition, they should be equipped with the necessary skills to be able to cope with those factors effectively.

Bahtiyar Eraslan Çapan

2012-01-01

63

STRESS COPING STRATEGIES AT UNIVERSITY STUDENTS - PART I: GENDER DIFFERENCES  

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Full Text Available The aim of present study is to investigate the particularities of usingvarious stress coping strategies by undergraduate students at theCzech University of Life Sciences (CULS) with a special regard tothe balance between positive and negative stress coping strategies,and resulting consequences. Authors focused on comparingdifferences in the use of coping strategies between standardizedscores of the Czech population and student population, as well ason identifying differences in the use of coping strategies betweenboth genders. The data were collected using the standardized stresscoping strategies questionnaire - SVF 78. Of the total number of 177students, 63 were male and 114 were female undergraduate studentsof Faculty of Economics and Management (FEM) at CULS. Themost important outcome of the current study research is a provensignificant distinction between the positive-negative stress copingstrategies employed by CULS undergraduate students and those ofthe Czech population sample. From the global point of view, the useof positive stress coping techniques seems comparatively high andmight therefore be considered as satisfactory. However, significantlylower use of the most constructive and, in longer prospective, mostapproved group of strategies is rather disappointing.

Hana Chýlová; Ludmila Natovová

2012-01-01

64

Cybergrooming: risk factors, coping strategies and associations with cyberbullying.  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of information and communication technologies has become ubiquitous among adolescents. New forms of cyber aggression have emerged, cybergrooming is one of them. However, little is known about the nature and extent of cybergrooming. The purpose of this study was to investigate risk factors of being cybergroomed, to identify various coping strategies and to explore the associations between being cyberbullied and cybergroomed. The sample consisted of 518 students in 6th to 10th grades. The computer assisted personal interview method (CAPI method) was implemented. The «Mobbing Questionnaire for Students» by Jäger et al. (2007) was further developed for this study and served as the research instrument. While being a girl, being cyberbullied and willingness to meet strangers could be identified as risk factors; no significant age differences were found. Furthermore, three types of coping strategies - aggressive, cognitive-technical and helpless - with varied impacts were identified. The findings not only shed light on understanding cybergrooming, but also suggest worth noting associations between various forms of cyber aggression. PMID:23079362

Wachs, Sebastian; Wolf, Karsten D; Pan, Ching-Ching

2012-11-01

65

Cybergrooming: risk factors, coping strategies and associations with cyberbullying.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The use of information and communication technologies has become ubiquitous among adolescents. New forms of cyber aggression have emerged, cybergrooming is one of them. However, little is known about the nature and extent of cybergrooming. The purpose of this study was to investigate risk factors of being cybergroomed, to identify various coping strategies and to explore the associations between being cyberbullied and cybergroomed. The sample consisted of 518 students in 6th to 10th grades. The computer assisted personal interview method (CAPI method) was implemented. The «Mobbing Questionnaire for Students» by Jäger et al. (2007) was further developed for this study and served as the research instrument. While being a girl, being cyberbullied and willingness to meet strangers could be identified as risk factors; no significant age differences were found. Furthermore, three types of coping strategies - aggressive, cognitive-technical and helpless - with varied impacts were identified. The findings not only shed light on understanding cybergrooming, but also suggest worth noting associations between various forms of cyber aggression.

Wachs S; Wolf KD; Pan CC

2012-11-01

66

Repressive coping style: relationships with depression, pain, and pain coping strategies in lung lancer outpatient  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary Researchers have shown that coping style is related to pain and adjustment in people with chronic illness. This study was the first to examine how coping style related to pain, pain coping strategies, and depression in lung cancer outpatients. We conducted a comparative, secondary data analysis of 107 lung cancer patients (73% male, mean age 61.4 ± 10.43 years, 88% Caucasian). As in prior studies, we classified patients into four coping style groups based on Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale and Trait Anxiety scores. The coping style groups were low-anxious (n = 25); high-anxious (n = 31); defensive high-anxious (n = 21); and repressive (n = 30). Compared to other coping style groups, the repressive group reported statistically significant lower mean scores for pain quality, pain catastrophizing, and depression. Assessing coping style by measuring personal characteristics such as social desirability and trait anxiety may help clinicians to identify vulnerable individuals with lung cancer who may be candidates for early and timely intervention efforts to enhance adjustment to pain.

Prasertsri, Nusara; Holden, Janean; Keefe, Francis J.

2010-01-01

67

Coping strategies for managing the ineffective subordinate in nursing administration.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Ineffective subordinates exist in various degrees in every organization, whether it be the health-care field or business. Nursing administration is no exception. This study examines the reasons why ineffective subordinates in nursing administration are retained by hospitals and the coping methods used by superiors in dealing with those subordinates. A questionnaire was used to identify both the reasons for retention and the coping methods used. Additionally, correlation analysis revealed that coping strategies are a function of the supervisor's age, his or her level of management, the perceived prevalence of the number of ineffective subordinates, organizational control of the hospital and various other hospital size factors.

Schniederjans MJ; Stoeberl PA

1983-05-01

68

Coaching Strategies for Helping Adolescent Athletes Cope with Stress  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the various sources of athlete stress and the strategies that coaches can use to help young athletes cope with it. The information is based on a study with a competitive adolescent soccer team and its two coaches, and a review of the coaching and sport psychology literature. The suggested coaching strategies can help to…

Gilbert, Jenelle N.; Gilbert, Wade; Morawski, Cynthia

2007-01-01

69

Cardiovascular risk: gender differences in lifestyle behaviors and coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Although cardiovascular disease (CVD) does not occur until mid to late life for most adults, the presence of risk factors, such as high blood pressure (BP) and cholesterol, has increased dramatically in young adults. PURPOSE: The present study examined the relationships between gender and coping strategies, lifestyle behaviors, and cardiovascular risks. METHOD: The sample consisted of 297 (71% female) university students. Participants completed a survey to assess demographics, lifestyle behaviors, and coping strategies, and a physiological assessment including lipid and blood pressure (BP) measurements. Data collection occurred from January 2007 to May 2008. RESULTS: Analyses revealed that age, ethnicity, greater body mass index (BMI), greater use of social support, and less frequent exercise were associated with higher cholesterol, while gender, age, greater BMI, and less frequent exercise were associated with higher systolic BP. There were two significant interactions: one between gender and avoidant coping and the other between gender and exercise on systolic BP, such that for men greater use of avoidant coping or exercise was associated with lower systolic BP. CONCLUSION: Understanding how young adults manage their demands and cope with stress sets the stage for understanding the developmental process of CVD. Both coping strategies and lifestyle behaviors must be considered in appraising gender-related cardiovascular risk at an early age before the disease process has begun.

Martin LA; Critelli JW; Doster JA; Powers C; Purdum M; Doster MR; Lambert PL

2013-03-01

70

Coping strategies used by suicide attempters and comparison groups  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A variety of factors have been identified as being risk factors for suicidal behaviour. One of them is the handling of stressful events. The aim of the present study was to investigate the coping-strategies used by suicide attempters and comparison groups. 37 patients who had recently made a suicide attempt, 38 suicide attempters at follow up, 20 psychiatric follow up controls, and 19 healthy controls filled in the COPE. We found that suicide attempters at long term follow up and healthy controls used more adaptive problem solving strategies than patients who had recently made a suicide attempt, or psychiatric controls at follow up, who used more maladaptive coping strategies. Our findings suggest that suicide attempters in a twelve year follow up are able to use coping strategies similarly to healthy controls by e.g. approaching the stressor actively. Further examinations of the impact of long term professional care and treatment of suicide attempters on their coping strategies are necessary.

Charlotta Sunnqvist; Lil Träskman-Bendz; Åsa Westrin

2013-01-01

71

The coping flexibility questionnaire: development and initial validation in patients with chronic rheumatic diseases.  

Science.gov (United States)

Coping flexibility may be beneficial for the adjustment in the context of a progressive and unpredictable course of chronic rheumatic diseases. The aim of this study was to develop and initially validate a self-report measure that assesses coping flexibility. Study participants were 147 outpatients with chronic rheumatic diseases (73% women, mean age 59 (range 20-79) years). Principal axis factoring analysis with oblique rotation was applied and internal consistency was determined. To investigate the initial validity of the coping flexibility questionnaire (COFLEX), hypothesised correlations with psychological and physical adjustment outcomes, pain, and coping strategies were examined. Factor analysis yielded a two-factor model of coping flexibility with acceptable internal consistency: versatility, the capability of switching between assimilative and accommodative coping strategies according to personal goals and situational demands (? = .88) and reflective coping, the capability of generating and considering coping options, and appraising the suitability of a coping strategy in a given situation (? = .70). Versatility was correlated with adaptive ways of coping and psychological adjustment, but not with physical adjustment and pain. Reflective coping was correlated with both adaptive and maladaptive ways of coping, but it was not correlated with adjustment outcomes. In conclusion, the current study suggests acceptable internal consistency of the COFLEX. Preliminary evidence of the validity of the versatility dimension is indicated, while the validity of reflective coping could not be firmly established. The associations of versatility with favourable adjustment to the disease warrant future confirmatory and validity research in larger samples of patients with chronic rheumatic diseases. PMID:21660453

Vriezekolk, Johanna E; van Lankveld, Wim G J M; Eijsbouts, Agnes M M; van Helmond, Toon; Geenen, Rinie; van den Ende, Cornelia H M

2011-06-10

72

The coping flexibility questionnaire: development and initial validation in patients with chronic rheumatic diseases.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Coping flexibility may be beneficial for the adjustment in the context of a progressive and unpredictable course of chronic rheumatic diseases. The aim of this study was to develop and initially validate a self-report measure that assesses coping flexibility. Study participants were 147 outpatients with chronic rheumatic diseases (73% women, mean age 59 (range 20-79) years). Principal axis factoring analysis with oblique rotation was applied and internal consistency was determined. To investigate the initial validity of the coping flexibility questionnaire (COFLEX), hypothesised correlations with psychological and physical adjustment outcomes, pain, and coping strategies were examined. Factor analysis yielded a two-factor model of coping flexibility with acceptable internal consistency: versatility, the capability of switching between assimilative and accommodative coping strategies according to personal goals and situational demands (? = .88) and reflective coping, the capability of generating and considering coping options, and appraising the suitability of a coping strategy in a given situation (? = .70). Versatility was correlated with adaptive ways of coping and psychological adjustment, but not with physical adjustment and pain. Reflective coping was correlated with both adaptive and maladaptive ways of coping, but it was not correlated with adjustment outcomes. In conclusion, the current study suggests acceptable internal consistency of the COFLEX. Preliminary evidence of the validity of the versatility dimension is indicated, while the validity of reflective coping could not be firmly established. The associations of versatility with favourable adjustment to the disease warrant future confirmatory and validity research in larger samples of patients with chronic rheumatic diseases.

Vriezekolk JE; van Lankveld WG; Eijsbouts AM; van Helmond T; Geenen R; van den Ende CH

2012-08-01

73

Prevalence of stress, stressors and coping strategies among secondary school students in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: In the process of growing, adolescents experience stress and their coping abilities determine the outcome. School training further adds to this stressful situation. It is noteworthy that persistently high stress levels will impair students’ academic achievement, personal and professional development. This article describes the prevalence of stress, stressors and coping strategies among secondary school students in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on secondary school students in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Secondary school and participant selections were done via stratified random sampling with a sample size of 505 students. The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Secondary School Stressors Questionnaire (3SQ) and Brief COPE inventory were self-administered to measure stress level, sources of stress and coping strategies respectively among the participants. Results: Out of 505 selected participants, 421 (83.36%) responded to this survey. This study found that the prevalence of distressed secondary school students was 32.8%. The major stressors for all types of schools were academic-related issues. This study showed that the students in technical school were more distressed than students elsewhere. Among the most frequent coping strategies used by the students were religion, positive reinterpretation, use of instrumental support, active coping and planning. There were relationships between intrapersonal and interpersonal related stressor, academic achievements, level of school and academic related stressor, attention from parent, behavioral disengagement, self-blame and planning coping strategies with stress level of the students. Conclusion: This study found that there was a high prevalence of distressed negatively stressed secondary school students, the major stressors were related to academic and contributing factors of stress were related to school training, students and parents. Training students on positive coping strategies, reducing stressor-related school training, and improving parent and teacher supports to the students will help to improve this condition.Key Words: Secondary school students, stressors, stress, coping, mental health

Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff; Amirah Hayati Ahmad Hamid; Nadia Rabiyah Rosli; Nor Ayuni Zakaria; Nur Adila Che Rameli; Nurul Shazwani Abdul Rahman; Ahmad Fuad Abdul Rahim; Azriani Abdul Rahman

2011-01-01

74

Coping strategies as related to medical and demographic data in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the coping strategies of 49 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their relationships with medical and demographic data. METHODS: A total of 49 subjects were asked to fill out a document that would provide their demographic and medical data. Then, each one was asked to complete a questionnaire of coping strategies called the Brief COPE. RESULTS: Regarding age groups, we noticed several significant differences concerning emotional support, venting, positive reframing, planning and humour. All these strategies were used significantly more often by younger patients. As for medical variables, the clinical form (bulbar vs spinal ALS), and participation or non-participation in a clinical trial proved to affect the coping style. The correlation analysis showed that disease duration was positively and significantly related to acceptance, positive reframing and humour. Only one significant correlation was observed between coping strategies and ALS Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS) scores. It concerned blame, which was negatively correlated with ALSFRS scores. DISCUSSION: Our study clearly demonstrated the relationships between coping strategies and medical as well as demographic variables. These results encourage us to develop further investigations to better understand these relationships and to offer better adapted psychological interventions for patients with ALS.

Montel S; Albertini L; Spitz E

2012-02-01

75

The effectiveness of coping strategies used by entrepreneurs and their impact on personal well-being and venture performance  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper analyzes effectiveness of coping strategies that entrepreneurs use to daily manage work related stress. Coping is the process of expending efforts to solve personal and interpersonal problems and reducing stress induced by unpleasant and stressful situations. Two broad strategies of coping are identified; problem-based coping refers to a cognitively-based response behavior that includes efforts to alleviate stressful circumstances while emotion-based coping involves behavioural responses to regulate the affective consequences of stressful events. The purpose of this research is to analyze relationships among the coping strategies used by entrepreneurs and a set of antecedents influencing the selection of coping strategies. The methodology used is based on structural equation modeling and empirical data of 469 entrepreneurs from two European countries. Our results show that problem based coping facilitates well-being and venture performance. In addition, our findings also support interaction effects of founder centrality and contextual conditions of venturing on the extent entrepreneurs engage in coping. We believe that our insights can help in training entrepreneurs in the development of effective coping strategies that are context dependent. In specific, our results suggest entrepreneurs to engage in problem-focused strategies when they want to effectively address the economic aspects of their lives whereas when they engage in emotion based strategies they seem to increase the self-knowledge they need to start subsequent ventures and facilitate learning from failure. Future studies on coping strategies could study the interplay of coping strategies used to resolve challenging social situations that various stakeholders of practicing entrepreneurs impose.

Mateja Drnovšek; Daniel Örtqvist; Joakim Wincent

2010-01-01

76

Differential impacts of coping strategies on trati the mental health of Chinese nurses in hospitals in Hong Kong.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examined the types of coping strategies used by hospital nurses in Hong Kong. The impacts of these coping strategies on the mental health of nurses were also investigated. Results showed that coping strategies were both situation-specific and culture-specific, with direct action coping, acceptance and positive thinking used more frequently than avoidance and alcohol. It was found that more than one-third of the nurses were considered to be at risk of developing poor mental health, and the most frequent symptomatic complaints included anxieties and feelings of inadequacy in handling daily activities. Nurses who were mentally healthy used more direct action coping and positive thinking, and fewer avoidance strategies and drinking than did nurses who were at risk of developing poor mental health. Contrary to our hypothesis, nurses who adopted more acceptance strategies had poorer mental health. Implications of the study are discussed.

Wong DF; Leung SS; So CK

2001-06-01

77

Optimism and Coping Strategies Among Caucasian, Korean, and African American Older Women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Coping strategies and optimism have significant effects on the health of older women. Culture affects coping behaviors used to deal with stress. We examined the relationship between optimism and coping strategies used to manage daily stress and health among community-dwelling Caucasian, Korean American, and African American women. Data were collected from 373 women over the age of 65. Results showed that each group used different coping strategies. The more optimistic used more problem-focused and adaptive copings, while the less optimistic employed more avoidant copings. Differences in cultural background and individual levels of optimism guided their coping strategies.

Lee H; Mason D

2013-05-01

78

Relação entre fatores de personalidade e estratégias de coping em adolescentes Relationship between personality factors and coping strategies in adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é investigar a relação entre fatores de personalidade e estratégias de coping em adolescentes. Participaram desta pesquisa 102 jovens de uma escola municipal de Goiânia com idade entre 11 e 15 anos, utilizando o Coping Response Inventory e a Bateria Fatorial de Personalidade. Os dados obtidos demonstraram que meninas utilizam mais a análise lógica para resolver seus problemas e os meninos apresentam maior pontuação em neuroticismo; que os adolescentes mais jovens utilizam mais coping de evitação e os mais velhos, o coping de aproximação; e que tanto a apreciação do problema como os traços de personalidade relacionam-se significativamente com o uso de estratégias de coping. Os resultados são discutidos de acordo com as teorias de coping.The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between personality factors and coping strategies in adolescents. 102 students from a municipal school in Goiânia aged between 11 and 15 years old was assessed using Coping Response Inventory and the "Bateria Fatorial de Personalidade". Data showed that girls use more logical analysis to solve their problems and that boys had higher scores on neuroticism; that younger adolescents use more avoidance coping responses and older ones use more approach coping responses; and that both coping appraisal and personality traits are significantly related to the use of coping strategies. The results are discussed according to coping theories.

Simon Santana Diniz; Daniela S. Zanini

2010-01-01

79

Relação entre fatores de personalidade e estratégias de coping em adolescentes/ Relationship between personality factors and coping strategies in adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo é investigar a relação entre fatores de personalidade e estratégias de coping em adolescentes. Participaram desta pesquisa 102 jovens de uma escola municipal de Goiânia com idade entre 11 e 15 anos, utilizando o Coping Response Inventory e a Bateria Fatorial de Personalidade. Os dados obtidos demonstraram que meninas utilizam mais a análise lógica para resolver seus problemas e os meninos apresentam maior pontuação em neuroticismo; que os (more) adolescentes mais jovens utilizam mais coping de evitação e os mais velhos, o coping de aproximação; e que tanto a apreciação do problema como os traços de personalidade relacionam-se significativamente com o uso de estratégias de coping. Os resultados são discutidos de acordo com as teorias de coping. Abstract in english The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between personality factors and coping strategies in adolescents. 102 students from a municipal school in Goiânia aged between 11 and 15 years old was assessed using Coping Response Inventory and the "Bateria Fatorial de Personalidade". Data showed that girls use more logical analysis to solve their problems and that boys had higher scores on neuroticism; that younger adolescents use more avoidance coping responses (more) and older ones use more approach coping responses; and that both coping appraisal and personality traits are significantly related to the use of coping strategies. The results are discussed according to coping theories.

Diniz, Simon Santana; Zanini, Daniela S.

2010-04-01

80

Coping strategies in adolescents with non-vital emotional experiences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Our aim was to study the relationship of coping strategies choice and anti-vital experiences and the overall emotional well-being in adolescents. In October 2012, we surveyed 145 students of Moscow secondary school (54 boys, 91 girls) aged 12 to 16 years. The survey was conducted by a block of psychodiagnostic methods, testing emotional disadaptation, presence of suicidal thoughts and ways of coping with stressful situations. It was found that 22,8% of the participants reported presence of suicidal thoughts. Specific to adolescents with suicidal attitude were high social and interpersonal anxiety and severity of non-adaptive coping strategies, such as “self-incrimination” and “comparing oneself with the others”.

T. S. Pavlova

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Post-traumatic stress disorder and coping strategies in psychotraumatized refugees  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. In extreme life events basic assumptions are frequently reassessed and changed. Therefore, trauma requires re-education. Effective coping strategies enable individual to tolerate, minimize, accept or ignore what one cannot manage and to moder­ate the consequences of stressful, traumatic events. Materials and Methods. The aim of this study was to evaluate coping strategies in refugees with post-traumatic stress disorder prior and after group cognitive-behavioural therapy. The sample included 70 refu­gees who experienced multiple stressors such as organized violence, ethnic conflicts, bombing, expelling from their homes and life in exile. Impact Event Scales-Revised, Ways of Coping-Revised, Scale of Cognitive Self-regulation and Scale of Coping Strategies were administered before and after six months of group cognitive-behavioural therapy. Results. Post-traumatic stress disorder in refugees after therapy significantly decreased. Cognitive self-regulation was improved by moving locus of control from external to internal resources. Coping was qualitatively different, with a wider repertoire of adaptive strategies. Discussion. Cognitive group work facilitates processes of grieving, working-through of traumatic material, increasing emotional awareness and developing creativity in coping. Conclusion. Our findings highlight the positive impact of cognitive-behavioural treatment on post-traumatic stress disorder and post-traumatic adjustment. .

?avi? Tamara; Le?i?-Toševski Dušica; Pejovi? Mirko

2008-01-01

82

Measuring coping strategies in an educational intervention for individuals with psychiatric disabilities.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Coping is a critical theoretical concept believed to be a mediator for successful outcomes produced through a variety of different social work interventions. This article describes an approach used to measure coping with stressors and was designed specifically for an intervention, the Michigan Supported Education Research Project, aimed at providing support for people with psychiatric disabilities to pursue college or vocational education. Hypothetical scenarios were developed that matched the content of material covered in the program. Open-ended responses were elicited from program participants as part of an in-person interview. Key findings included a participation effect on the number of positive coping strategies of participants and a significant relationship among some coping strategies and later outcomes. Implications for social work practice and research are identified.

Collins ME; Mowbray CT; Bybee D

1999-11-01

83

Coping with obsessive relational intrusion and stalking: the role of social support and coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study investigated the extent to which social support mediates negative effects of stalking and obsessive relational intrusion (ORI) victimization. A survey of 1,068 respondents indicated that (a) ORI/stalking victimization is positively related to negative symptoms and trauma; (b) five different types of coping responses are positively related to negative symptoms; (c) four domains of social support reveal small but significant negative relationships with negative symptoms; and (d) females are more threatened by unwanted pursuit than male victims, and male pursuers are more threatening than female pursuers. Structural equation modeling indicates that the influence of ORI/stalking on negative symptoms is mediated by the use of coping strategies and the adequacy of social support. Discussion speculates on the functional theoretical value of coping and support processes in managing unwanted pursuit and stalking.

Nguyen LK; Spitzberg BH; Lee CM

2012-01-01

84

Coping with obsessive relational intrusion and stalking: the role of social support and coping strategies.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the extent to which social support mediates negative effects of stalking and obsessive relational intrusion (ORI) victimization. A survey of 1,068 respondents indicated that (a) ORI/stalking victimization is positively related to negative symptoms and trauma; (b) five different types of coping responses are positively related to negative symptoms; (c) four domains of social support reveal small but significant negative relationships with negative symptoms; and (d) females are more threatened by unwanted pursuit than male victims, and male pursuers are more threatening than female pursuers. Structural equation modeling indicates that the influence of ORI/stalking on negative symptoms is mediated by the use of coping strategies and the adequacy of social support. Discussion speculates on the functional theoretical value of coping and support processes in managing unwanted pursuit and stalking. PMID:22852440

Nguyen, Linda Kim; Spitzberg, Brian H; Lee, Carmen M

2012-01-01

85

Adult Recipients of Bullying Behaviour: Effects and Coping Strategies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study identifies the negative effects of bullying behaviour on thirty people in their place of work. Personality differences between participants in the study who claim to have been bullied and a matched control group, and the coping strategies employed in stressful periods were sought. Possibl...

Lynch, Jean Margaret

86

Exploring coping strategies of business leaders during an economic downturn  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

As a large part of South Africa's economy is based on the mining industry, this research focused on exploring the coping strategies of business leaders in the mining industry during an economic downturn. Using qualitative research within a constructivist-interpretive paradigm, the researchers sought...

Van Zyl, Marlise; Du Plessis, Yvonne

87

Living in institutional care: Residents' experiences and coping strategies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Insights into daily living in residential care settings are rare. This article draws on a qualitative dataset (semi-structured interviews and recordings of residents’ council meetings) that gives a glimpse of the experiences and coping strategies of (older) people living in residential care. The dat...

O'DWYER, CIARA MARY; TIMONEN, VIRPI

88

Nonsuicidal self-injury, coping strategies, and sexual orientation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: The current study sought to investigate the relationship between sexual orientation and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). This study also includes an examination of coping styles, both maladaptive and adaptive, based on sexual orientation. METHOD: Participants included 207 young adults who identified as lesbian/gay, bisexual, or questioning (50.2% female) and a heterosexual comparison group. RESULTS: A hierarchical logistic regression showed that bisexual and questioning individuals were more likely to report having engaged in NSSI in their lifetime. A chi-square yielded no difference between groups on frequency of NSSI. Multivariate analyses of variance examining maladaptive and adaptive coping strategies demonstrated that bisexual and questioning individuals reported greater use of maladaptive strategies than the heterosexual group; however, there was little difference between groups on adaptive coping. CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between sexual orientation and coping appears to be a complex one, suggesting that bisexual and questioning individuals attempt to use a wide range of coping mechanisms, possibly due to increased stress.

Sornberger MJ; Smith NG; Toste JR; Heath NL

2013-06-01

89

Social support as a strategy to cope with culture shock  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents an overview of the cross-cultural research on the social support as a culture shock coping strategy. Social support is analyzed as one of the major strategies which positively correlates with successful level of adaptation in sojourners. Major groups of people who can provide social support are categorized based on the criteria of cultural identity and closeness of social ties.

Smolina T. L.

2012-01-01

90

Coping patterns of African American adolescents: a confirmatory factor analysis and cluster analysis of the Children's Coping Strategies Checklist.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The current study examined patterns of coping strategies in a sample of 497 low-income urban African American adolescents (mean age = 12.61 years). Results of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the 4-factor structure of the Children's Coping Strategies Checklist (T. S. Ayers, I. N. Sandler, S. G. West, & M. W. Roosa, 1996) was not replicated in the current sample. The final model was a 3-factor model that was invariant across gender. The Active Coping factor and Revised Avoidant Coping factor were highly correlated in the present sample. Results of cluster analyses identified 2 coping groups differing on the frequency of coping use and preferred coping methods. The 1st group was more likely to use avoidant coping and less likely to use social support-seeking coping than the 2nd group, which showed more consistent use across coping strategies. There were no significant differences in the association between stressors and symptoms across the 2 groups. The results highlight the importance of examining factor structures of coping measures with underrepresented groups.

Gaylord-Harden NK; Gipson P; Mance G; Grant KE

2008-03-01

91

Coping e gênero em adolescentes Estrategias de afrontamiento (coping) y género en adolescentes Coping strategies and gender in young people  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este estudo avalia a associação entre bem-estar psicológico e estratégias de coping nos gêneros masculino e feminino, bem como o perfil diferencial destas entre os gêneros. A amostra foi composta de 389 jovens, estudantes do terceiro ano do ensino médio de escolas de diferentes regiões de Porto Alegre. Os resultados evidenciam que as meninas, ao assumirem uma postura ativa na resolução dos problemas, apresentam maior bem-estar psicológico. Já os meninos apresentam melhor bem-estar na medida em que buscam pertença e procuram amigos íntimos e ajuda profissional. A análise do perfil diferencial entre os gêneros em relação às estratégias de coping nos permite identificar uma função discriminante composta por 9 variáveis, que se distribuem diferencialmente de acordo com a utilização de estratégias referentes a papéis de gênero socialmente construídos.Este estudio evalúa la asociación entre bienestar psicológico y estrategias de afrontamiento (coping) en los géneros masculino y femenino, así como el perfil diferencial de éstas entre los géneros. La muestra se compuso de 389 jóvenes, estudiantes de la enseñanza secundaria de la ciudad de Porto Alegre. Los resultados evidencian que las chicas, al asumir una postura activa en la resolución de los problemas, presentan mayor bienestar psicológico. Los chicos, a su vez, presentan mejor bienestar a la medida que buscan pertenencia y buscan amigos íntimos y ayuda profesional. El análisis del perfil diferencial entre los géneros, con relación a las estrategias de afrontamiento (coping) permite identificar una función discriminante, compuesta por 9 variables que se distribuyen diferencialmente, según la utilización de estrategias referentes a roles de género socialmente construidos.The association between psychological well-being and coping strategies in males and females and the differential profile between the genders are evaluated. Sample comprised 389 final year upper junior school young people from different regions in Porto Alegre RS Brazil. Results show young women with a high psychological well-being when they take on an active stance in problem resolution. On the other hand, young men demonstrate a high well-being when they seek a state of belonging, intimate relationships and professional help. Differential profile analysis between genders with regard to coping strategies identifies a discriminating function composed of nine variables. The latter are distributed differentially according to use of strategies involving socially built gender roles.

Sheila Gonçalves Câmara; Mary Sandra Carlotto

2007-01-01

92

Coping e gênero em adolescentes/ Coping strategies and gender in young people/ Estrategias de afrontamiento (coping) y género en adolescentes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este estudo avalia a associação entre bem-estar psicológico e estratégias de coping nos gêneros masculino e feminino, bem como o perfil diferencial destas entre os gêneros. A amostra foi composta de 389 jovens, estudantes do terceiro ano do ensino médio de escolas de diferentes regiões de Porto Alegre. Os resultados evidenciam que as meninas, ao assumirem uma postura ativa na resolução dos problemas, apresentam maior bem-estar psicológico. Já os meninos aprese (more) ntam melhor bem-estar na medida em que buscam pertença e procuram amigos íntimos e ajuda profissional. A análise do perfil diferencial entre os gêneros em relação às estratégias de coping nos permite identificar uma função discriminante composta por 9 variáveis, que se distribuem diferencialmente de acordo com a utilização de estratégias referentes a papéis de gênero socialmente construídos. Abstract in spanish Este estudio evalúa la asociación entre bienestar psicológico y estrategias de afrontamiento (coping) en los géneros masculino y femenino, así como el perfil diferencial de éstas entre los géneros. La muestra se compuso de 389 jóvenes, estudiantes de la enseñanza secundaria de la ciudad de Porto Alegre. Los resultados evidencian que las chicas, al asumir una postura activa en la resolución de los problemas, presentan mayor bienestar psicológico. Los chicos, a s (more) u vez, presentan mejor bienestar a la medida que buscan pertenencia y buscan amigos íntimos y ayuda profesional. El análisis del perfil diferencial entre los géneros, con relación a las estrategias de afrontamiento (coping) permite identificar una función discriminante, compuesta por 9 variables que se distribuyen diferencialmente, según la utilización de estrategias referentes a roles de género socialmente construidos. Abstract in english The association between psychological well-being and coping strategies in males and females and the differential profile between the genders are evaluated. Sample comprised 389 final year upper junior school young people from different regions in Porto Alegre RS Brazil. Results show young women with a high psychological well-being when they take on an active stance in problem resolution. On the other hand, young men demonstrate a high well-being when they seek a state of (more) belonging, intimate relationships and professional help. Differential profile analysis between genders with regard to coping strategies identifies a discriminating function composed of nine variables. The latter are distributed differentially according to use of strategies involving socially built gender roles.

Câmara, Sheila Gonçalves; Carlotto, Mary Sandra

2007-04-01

93

Coping strategies for antidepressant side effects: an Internet survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Patients' coping methods to palliate side effects of antidepressants have not been reported in the literature. METHODS: Through an Internet survey, 856 participants who were diagnosed with depression and receiving antidepressants were recruited to report on the methods of coping with side effects. They were asked which side effect(s) they experienced and to write freely about the way they tried to counteract these effects. We classified active coping methods into the following sub-types: adjustment of prescriptions, additional medication, complementary therapy, consultation with physicians, and daily relief. RESULTS: The prevalence of active coping differed across side effects (from 26.7%, sexual dysfunction, to 89.5%, dry mouth). Events with a lower percentage of active coping were more likely to be managed with "adjustment of prescriptions": (sexual dysfunction, 41.9%; fatigue, 36.8%; sweating, 20.0%; tremor, 42.5%; and somnolence, 31.8%). Further, a strong negative correlation was found between the percentage of participants reporting an adjustment of prescription and that reporting an active coping (r=-0.907, p<0.001). The "daily relief" sub-type contained a variety of strategies, including negative methods such as vomiting for nausea and weight gain and drinking alcohol for insomnia. LIMITATIONS: Sampling of subjects were biased due to an Internet survey and diagnosis of depression and experience of side effects were self-reported. CONCLUSION: Patients with depression use various ways in alleviating antidepressants side effects. Some effects such as sexual dysfunction and fatigue may not be amenable to subjective coping efforts and others are sometimes managed inappropriately, which warrants a prudent attention.

Kikuchi T; Suzuki T; Uchida H; Watanabe K; Mimura M

2012-12-01

94

Racial differences in coping strategies among individuals with epilepsy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether racial differences exist in the coping styles of individuals with epilepsy. METHODS: This study utilized a survey of patients with epilepsy, including the Brief-COPE. RESULTS: One hundred thirteen Caucasians and 70 African-Americans comprised the study population. On univariate analysis, annual household income (p<0.01), receiving disability benefits (p<0.01), and number of AEDs being currently used (p=0.04) significantly distinguished Caucasians from African-Americans. African-Americans reported higher utilization of religion (p<0.01), denial (p<0.01), emotional support (p=0.02), positive reframing (p<0.01), and planning (p<0.01) as coping reactions compared to Caucasians. Using ordinal logistic regression, the association between being African-American and the higher utilization of religion, positive reframing, planning, and denial as coping strategies remained statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Among individuals with epilepsy, African-Americans appear to utilize more engagement-type coping reactions when compared to Caucasians but also utilize more denial.

Bautista RE

2013-10-01

95

Chinese female nursing students’ coping strategies, self-esteem and related factors in different years of school  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Recent research has emphasized the importance of coping. There is virtually nothing known about coping strategies and their relationship with self-esteem, individual and environmental factors among Chinese female nursing students. This study was to identify different coping strategies, the relationship between coping and self-esteem and influencing individual factors among Chinese female students in different years of nursing school. Method: The study used a cross-sectional design. A representative sample composed of 686 female nursing students aged 14 years or older was surveyed in December 2010 using the Simplified Coping Styles Questionnaire, the Self-Esteem Scale and the Personal Data Form for assessment. Results: Nursing students more often used positive rather than negative coping styles (P?0.001). There was significant difference in the positive coping between nursing students in different years of school (P=0.018). The positive coping style was significantly correlated to a higher level of self-esteem, good interpersonal relationships, enough free time for  study alone, a sense of self-fulfillment and satisfaction, adaptation to new study methods, close friendships, help-seeking behavior of an individual, and physical health in the past year (P?0.05). The negative coping style was significantly associated with problems in romantic relationship, relationship with parents, worry about examinations and job assignment after graduation, feeling misunderstood, and frequent surfing on the internet (P?0.05). Conclusion: There were different coping strategies and the important relationship between self-esteem, individual and environmental factors and coping strategies among Chinese female nursing students in different years of school. The teaching strategies that promote the self-esteem and pay more attention to students’ individual and environmental factors will be useful for helping nursing students develop effective coping styles.

Chunping Ni; Daiwei Lo; Xiwen Liu; Jinfeng Ma; Shasha Xu; Lu Li

2012-01-01

96

Experienced stressors and coping strategies among Iranian nursing students  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background College students are prone to stress due to the transitional nature of college life. High levels of stress are believed to affect students' health and academic functions. If the stress is not dealt with effectively, feelings of loneliness, nervousness, sleeplessness and worrying may result. Effective coping strategies facilitate the return to a balanced state, reducing the negative effects of stress. Methods This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed to determine sources of stress and coping strategies in nursing students studying at the Iran Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery. All undergraduate nursing students enrolled in years 1-4 during academic year 2004-2005 were included in this study, with a total of 366 questionnaires fully completed by the students. The Student Stress Survey and the Adolescent Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences Inventory (ACOPE) were used for data collection. Results Most students reported "finding new friends" (76.2%), "working with people they did not know" (63.4%) as interpersonal sources of stress, "new responsibilities" (72.1%), "started college" (65.8%) as intrapersonal sources of stress more than others. The most frequent academic source of stress was "increased class workload" (66.9%) and the most frequent environmental sources of stress were being "placed in unfamiliar situations" (64.2%) and "waiting in long lines" (60.4%). Interpersonal and environmental sources of stress were reported more frequently than intrapersonal and academic sources. Mean interpersonal (P=0.04) and environmental (P=0.04) sources of stress were significantly greater in first year than in fourth year students. Among coping strategies in 12 areas, the family problem solving strategies, "trying to reason with parents and compromise" (73%) and "going along with family rules" (68%) were used "often or always" by most students. To cope with engaging in demanding activity, students often or always used "trying to figure out how to deal with problems" (66.4%) and "trying to improve themselves" (64.5%). The self-reliance strategy, "trying to make their own decisions" (62%); the social support strategies, "apologizing to people" (59.6%), "trying to help other people solve their problems" (56.3%), and "trying to keep up friendships or make new friends" (54.4%); the spiritual strategy, "praying" (65.8%); the seeking diversions strategy, "listening to music" (57.7%), the relaxing strategy "day dreaming" (52.5%), and the effort to "be close with someone cares about you" (50.5%) were each used "often or always" by a majority of students. Most students reported that the avoiding strategies "smoking" (93.7%) and "drinking beer or wine" (92.9%), the ventilating strategies "saying mean things to people" and "swearing" (85.8%), the professional support strategies "getting professional counseling" (74.6%) and "talking to a teacher or counselor" (67.2%) and the humorous strategy "joking and keeping a sense of humor" (51.9%) were used "seldom or never". Conclusion First year nursing students are exposed to a variety of stressors. Establishing a student support system during the first year and improving it throughout nursing school is necessary to equip nursing students with effective coping skills. Efforts should include counseling helpers and their teachers, strategies that can be called upon in these students' future nursing careers.

Seyedfatemi Naiemeh; Tafreshi Maryam; Hagani Hamid

2007-01-01

97

[Characteristics of coping strategies in patients with multiple sclerosis(review)].  

Science.gov (United States)

Adaptation of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) to their condition is an actual problem especially due to the implementation of treatment with disease modifying drugs (DMT). Coping is the unique way of controlling the situation. Relationship between environmental conditions and resources available to respond to these conditions is a basis of coping; stable patterns of copings form so-called coping strategies. The predominance of one or another type of coping strategies of the patient can determine adherence to treatment with DMT as well as to predict the further course of disease. Own data on the characteristics of coping strategies in MS are also analyzed. PMID:23675605

Dibrivnaia, K A; Enikolopova, E V; Zubkova, Iu V; Bo?ko, A N

2013-01-01

98

[Characteristics of coping strategies in patients with multiple sclerosis(review)].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Adaptation of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) to their condition is an actual problem especially due to the implementation of treatment with disease modifying drugs (DMT). Coping is the unique way of controlling the situation. Relationship between environmental conditions and resources available to respond to these conditions is a basis of coping; stable patterns of copings form so-called coping strategies. The predominance of one or another type of coping strategies of the patient can determine adherence to treatment with DMT as well as to predict the further course of disease. Own data on the characteristics of coping strategies in MS are also analyzed.

Dibrivnaia KA; Enikolopova EV; Zubkova IuV; Bo?ko AN

2013-01-01

99

How religious coping is used relative to other coping strategies depends on the individual's level of religiosity and spirituality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Results from empirical studies on the role of religiosity and spirituality in dealing with stress are frequently at odds, and the present study investigated whether level of religiosity and spirituality is related to the way in which religious coping is used relative to other coping strategies. A sample of 616 university undergraduate students completed the Brief COPE (Carver in Int J Behav Med 4:92-100, 1997) questionnaire and was classified into groups of participants with lower and higher levels of religiosity and spirituality, as measured by the WHOQOL-SRPB (WHOQOL-SRPB Group in Soc Sci Med 62:1486-1497, 2006) instrument. For participants with lower levels, religious coping tended to be associated with maladaptive or avoidant coping strategies, compared to participants with higher levels, where religious coping was more closely related to problem-focused coping, which was also supported by multigroup confirmatory factor analysis. The results of the present study thus illustrate that investigating the role of religious coping requires more complex approaches than attempting to assign it to one higher order factor, such as problem- or emotion-focused coping, and that the variability of findings reported by previous studies on the function of religious coping may partly be due to variability in religiosity and spirituality across samples.

Krägeloh CU; Chai PP; Shepherd D; Billington R

2012-12-01

100

[Coping strategies: bullying in the nursing workplace].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

High nurse turnover rates and the related rise in patient-to-nurse ratios correlate with the integrity and maturity of nursing organizations and patient safety issues. Previous studies indicate bullying among nurses to be significantly related to high turnover rates and to impact negatively on the physical and mental health of nurses. The situation has been severe enough to lead to nurse suicides (Yildirim & Yildirim, 2007). In light of such, the International Council of Nurses (ICN) reviewed the literature about nursing workplace bullying and proclaimed the importance of fostering a positive work environment in 2007. Most studies on nursing workplace bullying have focused on western societies. In order to clarify the state of nursing bullying in Taiwan, this paper worked to summarize observations in the literature regarding the causes of and management strategies for nursing workplace bullying in order to increase the attention of nursing managers and staff toward this issue. The authors hope that this article may help raise awareness and both prevent nursing workplace bullying and reduce currently high turnover rates.

Tsai ST; Sung YW; Tzou LP; Huang MT; Hwang MR; Chiou CJ

2011-08-01

 
 
 
 
101

[Coping strategies: bullying in the nursing workplace].  

Science.gov (United States)

High nurse turnover rates and the related rise in patient-to-nurse ratios correlate with the integrity and maturity of nursing organizations and patient safety issues. Previous studies indicate bullying among nurses to be significantly related to high turnover rates and to impact negatively on the physical and mental health of nurses. The situation has been severe enough to lead to nurse suicides (Yildirim & Yildirim, 2007). In light of such, the International Council of Nurses (ICN) reviewed the literature about nursing workplace bullying and proclaimed the importance of fostering a positive work environment in 2007. Most studies on nursing workplace bullying have focused on western societies. In order to clarify the state of nursing bullying in Taiwan, this paper worked to summarize observations in the literature regarding the causes of and management strategies for nursing workplace bullying in order to increase the attention of nursing managers and staff toward this issue. The authors hope that this article may help raise awareness and both prevent nursing workplace bullying and reduce currently high turnover rates. PMID:21809292

Tsai, Shian-Ting; Sung, Ya-Wen; Tzou, Li-Ping; Huang, Meng-Ting; Hwang, Miin-Rong; Chiou, Chii-Jun

2011-08-01

102

Exploring the experiences and coping strategies of international medical students  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Few studies have addressed the challenges that international medical students face and there is a dearth of information on the behavioural strategies these students adopt to successfully progress through their academic program in the face of substantial difficulties of language barrier, curriculum overload, financial constraints and assessment tasks that require high proficiency in communication skills. Methods This study was designed primarily with the aim of enhancing understanding of the coping strategies, skill perceptions and knowledge of assessment expectations of international students as they progress through the third and fourth years of their medical degree at the School of Medicine, University of Tasmania, Australia. Results Survey, focus group discussion and individual interviews revealed that language barriers, communication skills, cultural differences, financial burdens, heavy workloads and discriminatory bottlenecks were key factors that hindered their adaptation to the Australian culture. Quantitative analyses of their examination results showed that there were highly significant (p Conclusions Despite the challenges, these students have adopted commendable coping strategies and progressed through the course largely due to their high sense of responsibility towards their family, their focus on the goal of graduating as medical doctors and their support networks. It was concluded that faculty needs to provide both academic and moral support to their international medical students at three major intervention points, namely point of entry, mid way through the course and at the end of the course to enhance their coping skills and academic progression. Finally, appropriate recommendations were made.

Malau-Aduli Bunmi S

2011-01-01

103

Coping Strategy and Caregiver Burden Among Caregivers of Patients With Dementia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BackgroundThis study aims to examine whether coping strategies employed by caregivers are related to distinct symptoms of patients with dementia and to investigate the associations between burden and coping among caregivers of patients with dementia.MethodsA cross-sectional study design was used. A total of 57 caregivers of patients with dementia were enrolled. Coping strategies were assessed using the Ways of Coping Checklist, and burden was assessed using the Chinese version of Caregiver Burden Inventory. Correlations between coping and patients' behavior or memory problems were examined. Severities of behavior and memory problems were adjusted to examine the correlations between caregiver burden and coping strategies.ResultsThe patients' disruptive behavior problems were associated with avoidance, and depression problems were associated with avoidance and wishful thinking. After adjusting for severity of behavior problems, coping strategies using avoidance were positively correlated with caregiver burden.ConclusionsEmotion-focused coping strategies are a marker of caregiver burden.

Huang MF; Huang WH; Su YC; Hou SY; Chen HM; Yeh YC; Chen CS

2013-06-01

104

Coping strategies and risk manageability: using participatory geographical information systems to represent local knowledge.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The accumulated knowledge and perceptions of communities 'at risk' are key elements in managing disaster risk at the local level. This paper demonstrates that local knowledge of flood hazards can be structured systematically into geographic information system (GIS) outputs. When combined with forecasting models and risk scenarios, they strengthen the legitimacy of local knowledge of at-risk populations. This is essential for effective disaster risk reduction practices by external actors, local non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and municipal authorities. The research focused on understanding coping strategies and 'manageability' of flood hazards as defined by communities. 'Manageability' is how people experience flooding in relation to their household capacity and the coping mechanisms available. The research in the Philippines highlights the significance of localised factors, including socioeconomic resources, livelihoods, seasonality and periodicity, for understanding manageability. The manageability concept improves practice at the municipal level by legitimising local coping strategies, providing better indicators, and developing understanding of flooding as a recurrent threat.

Peters-Guarin G; McCall MK; van Westen C

2012-01-01

105

Coping strategies and risk manageability: using participatory geographical information systems to represent local knowledge.  

Science.gov (United States)

The accumulated knowledge and perceptions of communities 'at risk' are key elements in managing disaster risk at the local level. This paper demonstrates that local knowledge of flood hazards can be structured systematically into geographic information system (GIS) outputs. When combined with forecasting models and risk scenarios, they strengthen the legitimacy of local knowledge of at-risk populations. This is essential for effective disaster risk reduction practices by external actors, local non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and municipal authorities. The research focused on understanding coping strategies and 'manageability' of flood hazards as defined by communities. 'Manageability' is how people experience flooding in relation to their household capacity and the coping mechanisms available. The research in the Philippines highlights the significance of localised factors, including socioeconomic resources, livelihoods, seasonality and periodicity, for understanding manageability. The manageability concept improves practice at the municipal level by legitimising local coping strategies, providing better indicators, and developing understanding of flooding as a recurrent threat. PMID:21702892

Peters-Guarin, Graciela; McCall, Michael K; van Westen, Cees

2011-06-27

106

Coping Strategies Used by Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse on the Journey to Recovery  

Science.gov (United States)

This interpretative phenomenological analysis study explored seven adult survivors' experiences of coping with childhood sexual abuse and identified their coping strategies on the road to recovery. Data for the analysis was collected using semistructured interviews. The analytical process yielded two key theme clusters: avoidant coping strategies

Phanichrat, Thanomjit; Townshend, Julia M.

2010-01-01

107

Coping styles of individuals at clinical high risk for developing psychosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

AIM: There is a wealth of evidence suggesting that patients with schizophrenia tend to respond to life stressors using less effective coping skills, which are in turn related to poor outcome. However, the contribution of coping strategies to outcome in youth at clinical high risk (CHR) for developing psychosis has not been investigated. METHODS: This longitudinal study followed CHR youth over a 12-month period, using the Brief COPE questionnaire. CHR subjects (n?=?88) were compared at baseline with a healthy control sample (n?=?53), and then mixed models were used to explore the relationship of coping strategies to clinical and psychosocial outcomes in CHR subjects over time (n?=?102). RESULTS: Cross-sectional analyses revealed that, in comparison with healthy controls, CHR youth reported using more maladaptive coping strategies (P?coping strategies (P?coping and symptom severity over time, with corresponding improvements in social and role functioning. Adaptive coping was associated with better concurrent social functioning and less severe symptomatology (both P?coping was associated with more severe positive and negative symptoms (both P?coping strategies relative to healthy controls. Over 1-year follow-up, more adaptive coping styles are associated with less severe clinical symptomatology and better social functioning. These findings suggest that teaching adaptive coping styles may be an important target for intervention in youth at high risk for psychosis. PMID:23164368

Jalbrzikowski, Maria; Sugar, Catherine A; Zinberg, Jamie; Bachman, Peter; Cannon, Tyrone D; Bearden, Carrie E

2012-11-19

108

Coping styles of individuals at clinical high risk for developing psychosis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: There is a wealth of evidence suggesting that patients with schizophrenia tend to respond to life stressors using less effective coping skills, which are in turn related to poor outcome. However, the contribution of coping strategies to outcome in youth at clinical high risk (CHR) for developing psychosis has not been investigated. METHODS: This longitudinal study followed CHR youth over a 12-month period, using the Brief COPE questionnaire. CHR subjects (n?=?88) were compared at baseline with a healthy control sample (n?=?53), and then mixed models were used to explore the relationship of coping strategies to clinical and psychosocial outcomes in CHR subjects over time (n?=?102). RESULTS: Cross-sectional analyses revealed that, in comparison with healthy controls, CHR youth reported using more maladaptive coping strategies (P?coping strategies (P?coping and symptom severity over time, with corresponding improvements in social and role functioning. Adaptive coping was associated with better concurrent social functioning and less severe symptomatology (both P?coping was associated with more severe positive and negative symptoms (both P?coping strategies relative to healthy controls. Over 1-year follow-up, more adaptive coping styles are associated with less severe clinical symptomatology and better social functioning. These findings suggest that teaching adaptive coping styles may be an important target for intervention in youth at high risk for psychosis.

Jalbrzikowski M; Sugar CA; Zinberg J; Bachman P; Cannon TD; Bearden CE

2012-11-01

109

Developing interventions for chronically ill patients: is coping a helpful concept?  

Science.gov (United States)

In this review, the role of coping in the development of psychosocial interventions for chronically ill patients is discussed. After summarizing the theoretical issues involved in the translation of the coping concept into an intervention, a review is undertaken of 35 studies concerned with the impact of interventions aimed at improving coping on patients' quality of life. These studies concern seven different chronic disease types (AIDS, asthma, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic pain, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis) and show explicit consideration of attempts to manage illness in terms of coping to be rare. Many studies nevertheless address the equivalent of coping, namely behaviors and/or cognitions intended to deal with an illness situation appraised as stressful. The results of these studies are encouraging, although largely limited to the improvement of one or two particular coping strategies and problem-focused strategies in particular. It is argued that in order to expand on these initially positive findings, greater and more explicit consideration should be given to the potential of the coping concept for intervention with the chronically ill. The appraisal of stressful situations, the use of coping resources, and the strategic application of particular coping strategies should, for example, be given more careful consideration. PMID:11293366

de Ridder, D; Schreurs, K

2001-03-01

110

Developing interventions for chronically ill patients: is coping a helpful concept?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this review, the role of coping in the development of psychosocial interventions for chronically ill patients is discussed. After summarizing the theoretical issues involved in the translation of the coping concept into an intervention, a review is undertaken of 35 studies concerned with the impact of interventions aimed at improving coping on patients' quality of life. These studies concern seven different chronic disease types (AIDS, asthma, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic pain, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis) and show explicit consideration of attempts to manage illness in terms of coping to be rare. Many studies nevertheless address the equivalent of coping, namely behaviors and/or cognitions intended to deal with an illness situation appraised as stressful. The results of these studies are encouraging, although largely limited to the improvement of one or two particular coping strategies and problem-focused strategies in particular. It is argued that in order to expand on these initially positive findings, greater and more explicit consideration should be given to the potential of the coping concept for intervention with the chronically ill. The appraisal of stressful situations, the use of coping resources, and the strategic application of particular coping strategies should, for example, be given more careful consideration.

de Ridder D; Schreurs K

2001-03-01

111

Mental health and coping strategies among social assistance receivers  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

During the last decade the social assistance system in Denmark was been changed and become less generous. One important indication of this trend is that the social assistance benefit level was reduced to a lower level after 6 months. Furthermore the “workfare” obligations for social claiments (e.g. in terms of participation in job training schemes and a requirement? of a certain minimum amount ( app 3 months ) of employment in the open labour market has increased. The arguments in the policy discource has been that lower benefits increases motivation and realistic, rational jobseeking behavior. In short: lower benefit levels increases motivation which in turn increases labour market inclusion. This paper presents empirical results from an ongoing research project ( Consequences of living on the lowest social benefits financed by the Danish Social Council (Rådet for Socialt Udsatte) ,2008-2011) about living conditions and how Danish citizens on the lowest benefits coped with their life situation.The longitudinal data followed the long term receivers of social assistance respondents over 1 year in order to observe changes in (selvreported) health, living conditions and coping strategies The data consisted of 2 national surveys as well as 2 series of qualitative interviews with citizens on social assistance Among other things the respondents were about what they regarded as the most important barriers for improving their labour market and income position. A clear majority of the citizens responded that the reduction of their social assistance benefits after 3 months had reduced their mental health and not improved their social energy for job seeking. These results support the idea that lower benefits has a negative impact on active coping for labour market inclusion. A huge parts of the respondents reported that bad health – including mental health - was the dominant barrier for active coping with their life situation. The results indicates that the present employment and social policy measures should have a much stronger focus on capacity building with regard mental health for citizens on the lowest social benefits

Andersen, John; Larsen, JØrgen Elm

112

Estratégias de coping de pacientes oncológicos em tratamento radioterápico/ Coping strategies of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este estudo analisa estresse, estratégias de coping, resiliência e bem-estar subjetivo em pacientes oncológicos em tratamento radioterápico. Sessenta pessoas, com idades entre 26 a 82 anos (20 homens e 40 mulheres) responderam as escalas de Bem-Estar Subjetivo, Inventário de Resiliência e de Sintomas de Estresse e Coping Response Inventory - Adult Form (CRI-A). Os resultados apontam que o uso da estratégia de coping direta esteve associado a nível mais elevado de (more) resiliência e afeto positivo, enquanto o uso da estratégia de evitação pode aumentar a percepção de afeto negativo e diminuir o relato de afeto positivo. Conclui-se que as estratégias de coping podem interferir no bem-estar subjetivo e podem estabelecer relação significativa com fatores de resiliência em paciente oncológico em radioterapia. Abstract in english This study analyzes stress, coping strategies, resilience and subjective well-being of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. Sixty subjects, between 26 to 82 years old (20 man and 40 woman), answered the Subjective Well-Being Scale, the Resilience and the Stress Symptoms Inventory and the Coping Response Inventory - Adult Form (CRI-A). The results showed that the use of approach coping strategies is associated with a higher level of resilience and with positive affect, (more) while using avoidant coping strategies can lead to an increased perception of negative affect and to a lower report of positive affect. The results of this study suggest that coping strategies are related to resilience factors and can interfere with the subjective well-being of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment.

Paula Júnior, Wanderley de; Zanini, Daniela Sacramento

2011-12-01

113

Estratégias de coping de pacientes oncológicos em tratamento radioterápico Coping strategies of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este estudo analisa estresse, estratégias de coping, resiliência e bem-estar subjetivo em pacientes oncológicos em tratamento radioterápico. Sessenta pessoas, com idades entre 26 a 82 anos (20 homens e 40 mulheres) responderam as escalas de Bem-Estar Subjetivo, Inventário de Resiliência e de Sintomas de Estresse e Coping Response Inventory - Adult Form (CRI-A). Os resultados apontam que o uso da estratégia de coping direta esteve associado a nível mais elevado de resiliência e afeto positivo, enquanto o uso da estratégia de evitação pode aumentar a percepção de afeto negativo e diminuir o relato de afeto positivo. Conclui-se que as estratégias de coping podem interferir no bem-estar subjetivo e podem estabelecer relação significativa com fatores de resiliência em paciente oncológico em radioterapia.This study analyzes stress, coping strategies, resilience and subjective well-being of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. Sixty subjects, between 26 to 82 years old (20 man and 40 woman), answered the Subjective Well-Being Scale, the Resilience and the Stress Symptoms Inventory and the Coping Response Inventory - Adult Form (CRI-A). The results showed that the use of approach coping strategies is associated with a higher level of resilience and with positive affect, while using avoidant coping strategies can lead to an increased perception of negative affect and to a lower report of positive affect. The results of this study suggest that coping strategies are related to resilience factors and can interfere with the subjective well-being of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment.

Wanderley de Paula Júnior; Daniela Sacramento Zanini

2011-01-01

114

Novelty-seeking and avoidant coping strategies are associated with academic stress in Korean medical students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

High levels of stress and depression in medical students is raising concern. In this study, we sought to identify coping strategies and other factors influencing academic stress in medical students. We enrolled 157 students from the University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Korea, in November, 2010. We used the Medical Stress Scale, Temperament and Character Inventory, Hamilton Depression Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and Coping Response Inventory to assess psychological parameters. We used Pearson's correlation and linear regression analyses to analyze the data. Novelty-seeking, self-directedness, cooperativeness, coping strategy, and depression scale scores all correlated significantly with stress level. Linear regression analysis indicated that students who are novelty-seeking, likely to use avoidant coping strategies, and unlikely to use active-cognitive and active-behavioral strategies tend to have higher stress levels. Reduction of stress in medical students may be achieved through evaluation of coping strategies and personality features and use of interventions to promote active coping strategies.

An H; Chung S; Park J; Kim SY; Kim KM; Kim KS

2012-12-01

115

Hunger and Coping Strategies among Kondh Tribe in Kalahandi District, Odisha (Eastern India)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper presents the field notes about the local coping strategies adopted by the tribal's and forest dwellers to escape from hunger in the forest-based and mining areas of Kalahandi district of Odisha in Eastern India. It analyses the methods which the poor people employ to combat recurrent drought conditions and food shortages in the study area. The paper also highlights various aspects of the tribal households and villagers such as: the social identity and livelihoods of Dongaria Kondh, health and nutritional status, food consumption-related coping strategies, functioning of PDS, benefit that the villagers received from different government schemes, land-holding system, indebtedness, impact of mining on people, and perception of villager's about the food security situation over the past 10 years. The paper provides a critical appraisal of development in these tribal regions in the lines of rights based framework and further suggest strengthening the livelihood strategies of the local people.

Gadadhara Mohapatra

2012-01-01

116

Socialization of Children's Recall and Use of Strategies for Coping with Interparental Conflict  

Science.gov (United States)

Using experimental, observational and interview-assessment methods, we examined relations among mother-child discussion skills and suggested strategies for coping with postdivorce interparental conflict in a conflict task, children's memory for those strategies in a later recall interview, and children's self-reported use of coping strategies in…

Miller, Paul A.; Kliewer, Wendy; Partch, Jenifer

2010-01-01

117

Health coping strategies of the people vulnerable to climate change in a resource-poor rural setting in Bangladesh.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Among the many challenges faced by the people of Bangladesh, the effects of climate change are discernibly threatening, impacting on human settlement, agricultural production, economic development, and human health. Bangladesh is a low-income country with limited resources; its vulnerability to climate change has influenced individuals to seek out health coping strategies. The objectives of the study were to explore the different strategies/measures people employ to cope with climate sensitive diseases and sickness. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 450 households from Rajshahi and Khulna districts of Bangladesh selected through multi-stage sampling techniques, using a semi-structured questionnaire supplemented by 12 focus group discussions and 15 key informant interviews. RESULTS: Respondents applied 22 types of primary health coping strategies to prevent climate related diseases and sickness. To cope with health problems, 80.8% used personal treatment experiences and 99.3% sought any treatments available at village level. The percentage of respondents that visited unqualified health providers to cope with climate induced health problems was quite high, namely 92.7% visited village doctors, 75.9% drug stores, and 67.3% self-medicated. Ninety per cent of the respondents took treatment from unqualified providers as their first choice. Public health facilities were the first choice of treatment for only 11.0% of respondents. On average, every household spent Bangladesh Currency Taka 9,323 per year for the treatment of climate sensitive diseases and sickness. Only 46% of health expenditure was managed from their savings. The rest, 54% expenditure, was supported by using 24 different sources, such as social capital and the selling of family assets. The rate of out-of-pocket payment was almost 100%. CONCLUSION: People are concerned about climate induced diseases and sickness and sought preventive as well as curative measures to cope with health problems. The most common and widely used climate health coping strategies among the respondents included self-medicating and seeking the health service of unqualified private health care providers. Per family spending to cope with such health problems is expensive and completely based on out of pocket payment. There is no fund pooling, community funding or health insurance program in rural areas to support the health coping of the people. Policies are needed to reduce out-of-pocket payment, to improve the quality of the unqualified providers and to extend public health services at rural areas and support climate related health coping. Collection of such knowledge on climate related health coping strategies can allow researchers to study any specific issue on health coping, and policy makers to initiate effective climate related health coping strategies for climate vulnerable people.

Haque MA; Budi A; Azam Malik A; Suzanne Yamamoto S; Louis VR; Sauerborn R

2013-01-01

118

Caregiver coping strategies predict cognitive and functional decline in dementia: the cache county dementia progression study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Few longitudinal studies have studied the influence of the care environment on the clinical progression of dementia. We examined whether caregiver coping strategies predict dementia progression in a population-based sample. DESIGN: Longitudinal, prospective cohort study. SETTING: Cache County (Utah) population. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 226 persons with dementia, and their caregivers, were assessed semiannually for up to 6 years. MEASUREMENTS: Ways of Coping Checklist-Revised, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR). RESULTS: Mean (SD) age of dementia onset in persons with dementia was 82.11 (5.84) years and mean caregiver age was 67.41 (13.95) years. Mean (SD) follow-up was 1.65 (1.63) years from baseline. In univariate linear mixed-effects models, increasing use of problem-focused and counting blessings by caregivers was associated with slower patient worsening on the MMSE. Problem-focused coping, seeking social support, and wishful thinking were associated with slower Clinical Dementia Rating Scale sum of boxes (CDR-sb) worsening. Considering covariates, increasing use of problem-focused coping was associated with 0.70 points per year less worsening on the MMSE and 0.55 points per year less worsening on the CDR-sb. Compared with no use, the "regular" use of this strategy was associated with 2 points per year slower worsening on the MMSE and 1.65 points per year slower worsening on the CDR-sb. CONCLUSIONS: Caregiver coping strategies are associated with slower dementia progression. Developing interventions that target these strategies may benefit dementia patients.

Tschanz JT; Piercy K; Corcoran CD; Fauth E; Norton MC; Rabins PV; Tschanz BT; Deberard MS; Snyder C; Smith C; Lee L; Lyketsos CG

2013-01-01

119

Caregiver Coping Strategies Predict Cognitive and Functional Decline in Dementia: The Cache County Dementia Progression Study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES:: Few longitudinal studies have studied the influence of the care environment on the clinical progression of dementia. We examined whether caregiver coping strategies predict dementia progression in a population-based sample. DESIGN:: Longitudinal, prospective cohort study. SETTING:: Cache County (Utah) population. PARTICIPANTS:: A total of 226 persons with dementia, and their caregivers, were assessed semiannually for up to 6 years. MEASUREMENTS:: Ways of Coping Checklist-Revised, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR). RESULTS:: Mean (SD) age of dementia onset in persons with dementia was 82.11 (5.84) years and mean caregiver age was 67.41 (13.95) years. Mean (SD) follow-up was 1.65 (1.63) years from baseline. In univariate linear mixed-effects models, increasing use of problem-focused and counting blessings by caregivers was associated with slower patient worsening on the MMSE. Problem-focused coping, seeking social support, and wishful thinking were associated with slower Clinical Dementia Rating Scale sum of boxes (CDR-sb) worsening. Considering covariates, increasing use of problem-focused coping was associated with 0.70 points per year less worsening on the MMSE and 0.55 points per year less worsening on the CDR-sb. Compared with no use, the "regular" use of this strategy was associated with 2 points per year slower worsening on the MMSE and 1.65 points per year slower worsening on the CDR-sb. CONCLUSIONS:: Caregiver coping strategies are associated with slower dementia progression. Developing interventions that target these strategies may benefit dementia patients.

Tschanz JT; Piercy K; Corcoran CD; Fauth E; Norton MC; Rabins PV; Tschanz BT; Deberard MS; Snyder C; Smith C; Lee L; Lyketsos CG

2012-08-01

120

A comparison of coping strategies in chronic pain patients in different age groups.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examined the effects of age on the frequency of use and perceived effectiveness of coping strategies in patients having chronic pain. Subjects were chronic pain patients in four age groups (young, middle, older, and geriatric). All subjects completed the Coping Strategies Questionnaire, which measures the use and perceived effectiveness of a variety of cognitive and behavioral coping strategies in controlling and decreasing pain. Subjects also completed measures of pain, depression, and psychological distress. Data analysis revealed that there were no significant age differences in either the use or perceived effectiveness of pain coping strategies. Correlational analyses based on data combined from the different age groups suggested that, while certain pain coping strategies appear to be adaptive (e.g., coping self-statements), other coping strategies appear to be maladaptive (e.g., catastrophizing, diverting attention, increasing behavioral activities). Patients who rated their ability to decrease pain as relatively high, reported lower levels of depression and pain. These findings are consistent with a contextual perspective on coping which postulates that few, if any, age differences in coping are to be expected when individuals are coping with a similar life event.

Keefe FJ; Williams DA

1990-07-01

 
 
 
 
121

When staff is underpaid: dealing with the individual coping strategies of health personnel  

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Full Text Available Health sector workers respond to inadequate salaries and working conditions by developing various individual "coping strategies" - some, but not all, of which are of a predatory nature. The paper reviews what is known about these practices and their potential consequences (competition for time, brain drain and conflicts of interest). By and large, governments have rarely been proactive in dealing with such problems, mainly because of their reluctance to address the issue openly. The effectiveness of many of these piecemeal reactions, particularly attempts to prohibit personnel from developing individual coping strategies, has been disappointing. The paper argues that a more proactive approach is required. Governments will need to recognize the dimension of the phenomenon and systematically assess the consequences of policy initiatives on the situation and behaviour of the individuals that make up their workforce.

Van Lerberghe Wim; Conceição Claudia; Van Damme Wim; Ferrinho Paulo

2002-01-01

122

Teaching strategies for coping with stress--the perceptions of medical students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The undergraduate medical course is a period full of stressors, which may contribute to the high prevalence of mental disorders among students and a decrease in life's quality. Research shows that interventions during an undergraduate course can reduce stress levels. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the Strategies for Coping with Professional Stress class offered to medical students of the Federal University of Goiás, at Goiânia, Goiás, in Brazil. METHODS: Qualitative research, developed with medical students in an elective class addressing strategies for coping with stress after a focal group (composed of nine of the 33 students taking this course) identified stress factors in the medical course and the coping strategies that these students use. Analysis of the results of the class evaluation questionnaire filled out by the students on the last day of class. RESULTS: Stress factors identified by students in the focus group: lack of time, excessive class content, tests, demanding too much of themselves, overload of extracurricular activities, competitiveness among students and family problems. Coping strategies mentioned in the focus group: respecting one's limits, setting priorities, avoiding comparisons, leisure activities (movies, literature, sports, meeting with friends and family). Results of the questionnaires: class content that was considered most important: quality of life, strategies for coping with stress, stress factors, assertiveness, community therapy, relaxation, cognitive restructuring, career choice, breathing, social networking, taking care of the caregiver, music therapy and narcissism. Most popular methodologies: relaxation practice, drawing words and discussion them in a group, community therapy, music therapy, simulated jury, short texts and discussion. Meaning of the class: asking questions and reinforcing already known strategies (22.6%), moment of reflection and self-assessment (19.4%), new interest and a worthwhile experience (19.4%), improvement in quality of life (16.1%), expression's opportunity (9.7%), other (6.4%). CONCLUSION: The stressors perceived by the medical students are intense and diverse, and the coping strategies used by them are wide-ranging. Most students felt that the class was a worthwhile learning experience, incorporated new practices for improving quality of life and recognized the importance of sharing and reflecting on one's stressors and life choices.

Pereira MA; Barbosa MA

2013-01-01

123

Teaching strategies for coping with stress - the perceptions of medical students  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The undergraduate medical course is a period full of stressors, which may contribute to the high prevalence of mental disorders among students and a decrease in life’s quality. Research shows that interventions during an undergraduate course can reduce stress levels. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the Strategies for Coping with Professional Stress class offered to medical students of the Federal University of Goiás, at Goiânia, Goiás, in Brazil. Methods Qualitative research, developed with medical students in an elective class addressing strategies for coping with stress after a focal group (composed of nine of the 33 students taking this course) identified stress factors in the medical course and the coping strategies that these students use. Analysis of the results of the class evaluation questionnaire filled out by the students on the last day of class. Results Stress factors identified by students in the focus group: lack of time, excessive class content, tests, demanding too much of themselves, overload of extracurricular activities, competitiveness among students and family problems. Coping strategies mentioned in the focus group: respecting one’s limits, setting priorities, avoiding comparisons, leisure activities (movies, literature, sports, meeting with friends and family). Results of the questionnaires: class content that was considered most important: quality of life, strategies for coping with stress, stress factors, assertiveness, community therapy, relaxation, cognitive restructuring, career choice, breathing, social networking, taking care of the caregiver, music therapy and narcissism. Most popular methodologies: relaxation practice, drawing words and discussion them in a group, community therapy, music therapy, simulated jury, short texts and discussion. Meaning of the class: asking questions and reinforcing already known strategies (22.6%), moment of reflection and self-assessment (19.4%), new interest and a worthwhile experience (19.4%), improvement in quality of life (16.1%), expression’s opportunity (9.7%), other (6.4%). Conclusion The stressors perceived by the medical students are intense and diverse, and the coping strategies used by them are wide-ranging. Most students felt that the class was a worthwhile learning experience, incorporated new practices for improving quality of life and recognized the importance of sharing and reflecting on one’s stressors and life choices.

2013-01-01

124

Coping strategies and health in a national sample of sexual minority women.  

Science.gov (United States)

Coping strategies have been shown to significantly influence mental and physical health among heterosexual and medically ill populations. These associations have not been thoroughly examined among sexual minority women, who are known to shoulder a high burden of disease. This study assesses the impact of adaptive and maladaptive coping on mental and physical health among 1,381 lesbian and bisexual women and examines the potential mediating role of maladaptive coping in explaining bisexual women's poorer health relative to lesbians. Participants completed a web-based survey that assessed demographic characteristics, social support, adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies, and mental and physical health. Maladaptive coping strategies, especially behavioral disengagement and self-blame, were significantly associated with mental and physical health. Coping was more strongly predictive of mental health than physical health, and maladaptive coping more strongly predictive of health outcomes than demographics, social support, and adaptive coping. Interactions between social support and coping were generally not significant. Additionally, bisexual women reported more adverse mental and physical health outcomes than lesbians, and maladaptive coping significantly mediated these relationships. Providers working with sexual minority women may wish to pay particular attention to maladaptive coping strategies, countering these with adaptive, empowerment-based interventions. PMID:23039347

Lehavot, Keren

2012-10-01

125

Coping strategies and health in a national sample of sexual minority women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Coping strategies have been shown to significantly influence mental and physical health among heterosexual and medically ill populations. These associations have not been thoroughly examined among sexual minority women, who are known to shoulder a high burden of disease. This study assesses the impact of adaptive and maladaptive coping on mental and physical health among 1,381 lesbian and bisexual women and examines the potential mediating role of maladaptive coping in explaining bisexual women's poorer health relative to lesbians. Participants completed a web-based survey that assessed demographic characteristics, social support, adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies, and mental and physical health. Maladaptive coping strategies, especially behavioral disengagement and self-blame, were significantly associated with mental and physical health. Coping was more strongly predictive of mental health than physical health, and maladaptive coping more strongly predictive of health outcomes than demographics, social support, and adaptive coping. Interactions between social support and coping were generally not significant. Additionally, bisexual women reported more adverse mental and physical health outcomes than lesbians, and maladaptive coping significantly mediated these relationships. Providers working with sexual minority women may wish to pay particular attention to maladaptive coping strategies, countering these with adaptive, empowerment-based interventions.

Lehavot K

2012-10-01

126

The coping strategies used over a two-year period by HIV-positive women who had been diagnosed during pregnancy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Structured interviews were conducted with 224 HIV-positive women diagnosed during pregnancy, at antenatal clinics in Tshwane, South Africa, in order to investigate the use of coping strategies during the first two years after diagnosis. Interviews were conducted between one and four weeks after diagnosis during pregnancy, with three follow-up interviews conducted post-partum. Coping strategies were assessed with an adapted version of the Brief COPE. It was found that active coping was used more often than avoidant coping throughout the study period. Active coping increased over time, while avoidant coping decreased at first but increased again between 6 and 21 months after diagnosis. The most frequently used coping strategies included acceptance, direct action, positive reframing, religion and distraction. At first, women coped through internalised strategies. Over time, outward-focused strategies developed. Avoidant coping patterns differed from previous research indicating that women diagnosed during pregnancy deal with the consequences of HIV after the baby is born. Recommendations for mental health services are made.

Kotzé M; Visser M; Makin J; Sikkema K; Forsyth B

2013-01-01

127

SELF-GENERATED COPING STRATEGIES AMONG MUSLIM ATHLETES DURING RAMADAN FASTING  

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Full Text Available The study explored the self-generated coping strategies employed by Muslim athletes from South East Asian region during the Ramadan fasting month. Sixty-five National elite Muslim athletes responded to an open-ended question on coping strategies employed during Ramadan fasting. Inductive content analysis identified five general dimensions from 54 meaning units which were abstracted into 14 first-order themes and 10 second order themes. The general dimension included four problem-focused coping: training modifications, dietary habits, psychological, rest and recovery, and one emotion-focused coping i.e., self- control. The coping strategies employed were diverse and dynamic in nature and no specific pattern was evident. The most frequently employed strategies were associated with training and dietary habits. Emotion focused coping was the least frequently used by the athletes

Jolly Roy; Ooi Cheong Hwa; Rabindarjeet Singh; Abdul Rashid Aziz; Chai Wen Jin

2011-01-01

128

Children and adolescents' self-reported coping strategies during the Southeast Asian Tsunami.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate how Norwegian children on holiday in Southeast Asia coped when the tsunami hit December 26, 2004. The goal is to understand more about children and adolescents' immediate coping strategies when faced with a life-threatening situation. Acquiring more knowledge on coping strategies at different points in the recovery process can be useful for gaining insight to the relationship between coping and psychological adjustment. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews of 56 children aged 6-18 years (36 girls and 20 boys) were conducted in their homes approximately 10 months after the tsunami. The interviews were analysed using qualitative methods. RESULTS: Two primary coping strategies were described and labelled as self-soothing thoughts and behavioural strategies. Self-soothing thoughts were divided into five categories: positive thinking; avoidant thinking; rational thoughts; and thoughts on parental competencies and parental protection. Behavioural strategies were divided into six categories: attachment seeking behaviour; distraction behaviour; helping others; seeking information and comfort; and talking. CONCLUSIONS: The children's coping responses point to the developmental aspects of coping and how children are dependent upon adults for guidance and protection. In addition, very few youth reported using problem-focused coping strategies that are normally thought of as helpful in the aftermath of trauma, whereas strategies often thought of as not so helpful such as distraction and avoidance, was more predominant. It may be that helpful immediate coping strategies are different from long-term coping strategies, and that coping strategies differ according to the degree of perceived control of the situation.

Jensen TK; Ellestad A; Dyb G

2013-03-01

129

Coping strategies of Spanish pregnant women and their impact on anxiety and depression.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aims of this study were to analyze the coping strategies used by women in the first trimester of low-risk pregnancies, their relationships to sociodemographic and pregnancy variables, and their ability to predict anxiety and depression in the third trimester. Participants in the first trimester were 285 Spanish pregnant women, of whom 122 were followed into the third trimester. The use of problem-focused coping was stable, whereas variations occurred in emotion-focused coping. Age, educational level, employment, planned pregnancy, previous childbirth, and previous miscarriage were associated with adaptive coping. Coping strategies predicting anxiety and depressive symptoms were overt emotional expression and social support seeking. Coping through religion predicted anxiety. Coping is a complex process influenced by sociodemographic and obstetric factors that can contribute to the onset of psychological symptoms.

Peñacoba-Puente C; Carmona-Monge FJ; Marín-Morales D; Naber K

2013-02-01

130

Food-related coping strategies after Hurricane Andrew.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This telephone survey examined food-related coping strategies in Floridian households after Hurricane Andrew. Approximately 137 households of university faculty and staff who lived in hurricane-damaged areas were interviewed. The average respondent was a college-educated woman between 41 and 60 years old. Prevailing food-purchasing problems included food stores that were either closed, without perishable food, distant, or crowded. In the absence of electricity and water, changes in food preparation included preparation of meals without a stove, more frequent use of grills and canned food, simpler meals, and less cooking. Changes in kitchen cleanup included using more disposables, cleaning more often, washing dishes by hand, and cleaning up less often because of damage in the kitchen. Respondents indicated that the hurricane experience taught them that they should have acquired more general supplies (eg, coolers, thermoses, propane stoves, and gas burners), more water and ice, and more nonperishable foods before the hurricane.

Magnus MH

1994-06-01

131

Food-related coping strategies after Hurricane Andrew.  

Science.gov (United States)

This telephone survey examined food-related coping strategies in Floridian households after Hurricane Andrew. Approximately 137 households of university faculty and staff who lived in hurricane-damaged areas were interviewed. The average respondent was a college-educated woman between 41 and 60 years old. Prevailing food-purchasing problems included food stores that were either closed, without perishable food, distant, or crowded. In the absence of electricity and water, changes in food preparation included preparation of meals without a stove, more frequent use of grills and canned food, simpler meals, and less cooking. Changes in kitchen cleanup included using more disposables, cleaning more often, washing dishes by hand, and cleaning up less often because of damage in the kitchen. Respondents indicated that the hurricane experience taught them that they should have acquired more general supplies (eg, coolers, thermoses, propane stoves, and gas burners), more water and ice, and more nonperishable foods before the hurricane. PMID:8195551

Magnus, M H

1994-06-01

132

[Coping strategies used by the family of a patient with acute fulminant hepatitis].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In the holistic care to the patient, the family should be an important part because its members are also affected by the situation. Therefore, nursing work should be directed to both the individual and his environment, being of great help to identify family's needs in order to meet their specific needs accurately. Also in the process of recovery the family goes through several stages of coping, each of them have its own characteristics and nurses' interventions should be adapted to them. The aim of this paper is to evidence the importance of caring for the family, identifying the stages of coping, recognizing their needs and identifying relevant care. For this, a clinical case of a family with a relative hospitalised in an intensive care unit because of an acute fulminant hepatitis was developed. The instruments used to carry out the analysis of the case are: family's needs described by Leske et al., coping stages identified by Kubler-Ross, and ways of coping scale developed by Lazarus and Folkman. Nurses have a relevant role due to their close contact with people, this helps to become a factor which facilitates the interaction of patient and family within the hospital environment. A holistic approach of nursing care involves assessing the needs of families to develop strategies for effective interventions.

Iriarte Cerdán L; Ruiz de Galarreta LM; Olano Lizarraga M; García Vivar C

2012-04-01

133

The impact of active coping strategies on survival in ALS: the first pilot study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to examine the coping strategies of 49 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the potential impact of these strategies on survival. A total of 49 subjects were recruited. Each subject was asked to complete a questionnaire on coping strategies called the Brief COPE. The various coping strategies were divided into three factor sets through a factorial analysis: active coping (? 0.84), social support (? 0.71) and avoidance (? 0.71). Each score was divided into two subgroups in relation to the median (limited use vs. frequent use). Equality of survival distributions for the different levels of coping strategies was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier (Log Rank (Mantel-Cox)) model, with adjustment for mental health (GHQ-28), disease severity (ALSFRS), clinical form at onset (bulbar vs. spinal), medical assistance (ventilation and gastrostomy), participation in a clinical trial and gender. Results revealed a significant and positive impact of active coping strategies while taking mental health, ALSFRS scores, clinical form at onset, medical assistance, participation in a clinical trial and gender into account (Log Rank (Mantel-Cox) p coping strategies on survival in ALS.

Montel S; Albertini L; Desnuelle C; Spitz E

2012-10-01

134

The impact of active coping strategies on survival in ALS: the first pilot study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to examine the coping strategies of 49 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the potential impact of these strategies on survival. A total of 49 subjects were recruited. Each subject was asked to complete a questionnaire on coping strategies called the Brief COPE. The various coping strategies were divided into three factor sets through a factorial analysis: active coping (? 0.84), social support (? 0.71) and avoidance (? 0.71). Each score was divided into two subgroups in relation to the median (limited use vs. frequent use). Equality of survival distributions for the different levels of coping strategies was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier (Log Rank (Mantel-Cox)) model, with adjustment for mental health (GHQ-28), disease severity (ALSFRS), clinical form at onset (bulbar vs. spinal), medical assistance (ventilation and gastrostomy), participation in a clinical trial and gender. Results revealed a significant and positive impact of active coping strategies while taking mental health, ALSFRS scores, clinical form at onset, medical assistance, participation in a clinical trial and gender into account (Log Rank (Mantel-Cox) p coping strategies on survival in ALS. PMID:22881411

Montel, Sébastien; Albertini, Laurence; Desnuelle, Claude; Spitz, Elisabeth

2012-08-12

135

Effect of cognitive-behavioral group therapy for panic disorder in changing coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavioral group therapy (CBGT) is an efficient treatment for panic disorder (PD). However, the role of CBGT in enhancing strategies to cope with stressful events has not been established. AIM: To evaluate the effect of CBGT on the choice of coping strategy by PD patients compared to a group of individuals without mental disorders. METHODS: Forty-eight PD patients who completed a 12-session CBGT protocol were compared to 75 individuals without mental disorders regarding coping strategies as evaluated by the Coping Strategies Inventory (CSI). The severity of PD was assessed at baseline and after CBGT through the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale, the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A), and the Panic Inventory (PI). RESULTS: Treatment was effective in reducing PD severity in all outcome measures. Patients used significantly fewer confrontation, escape and avoidance strategies after CBGT. The use of more adaptive coping strategies was related to a decrease in panic attacks and anticipatory anxiety. Application of the CSI showed that the use of strategies was also significantly different in patients as compared to the control group, except for escape and avoidance, which became similar after the CBGT protocol. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the changes observed after the CBGT protocol, the choice of coping strategy was still different in patients vs. controls. The current CBGT protocol was used specifically to assess PD symptoms. Other cognitive tools should be included to address maladaptive coping strategies.

Wesner AC; Gomes JB; Detzel T; Blaya C; Manfro GG; Heldt E

2013-08-01

136

Comparison of Coping Strategy and Disease Knowledge in Dyads of Parents and Their Adolescent With Congenital Heart Disease.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND:: Adolescents with congenital heart disease adopt their illness as a part of their lives using their own knowledge and coping strategies. Those who use task-oriented coping strategies, such as relying on education to obtain sufficient disease-related knowledge, demonstrate much higher resilience. However, most health providers tend to provide information about congenital heart disease mainly to the parents instead of the child, and many parents tend to be uncomfortable talking about the disease with their child. OBJECTIVES:: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare adolescent patients' and their parents' coping strategies and knowledge of congenital heart disease. METHODS:: A descriptive and exploratory study design was used. After approval of the institutional review board was obtained, 40 adolescents with congenital heart disease and their parents were recruited from a congenital heart clinic between October 2012 and February 2013. We assessed the coping strategies and disease-related knowledge of both the adolescent patients and their parents. RESULTS:: The knowledge level of adolescent patients and their parents had significant gaps between categories, and parents presented with significantly higher knowledge than their adolescents did (P < .01). Parents reported significantly higher mean scores on task-oriented and emotion-oriented coping than their adolescents did (P < .001). In addition, both adolescents and parents of a religious background reported significantly higher scores on emotion-oriented coping than did those who did not report a religion (P < .05). CONCLUSION:: It is essential for healthcare providers to understand the ways in which adolescents and their parents cope with stress as well as the degree of their knowledge to better explicate the process of adaptation to the illness. Therefore, it is critical to develop effective structured and continuous intervention programs not only for adolescent patients and but also for their parents to enhance coping and knowledge of lifelong congenital heart disease.

Ahn JA; Lee S; Choi JY

2013-10-01

137

Coping behaviour checklist for Chinese children: Development and psychometric testing  

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li h.c.w., chung o.k.j., wong m.l.e. & ho k.y. (2010) Coping behaviour checklist for Chinese children: development and psychometric testing. Journal of Advanced Nursing 66(7), 1633-1643. Title.: Coping behaviour checklist for Chinese children: development and psychometric testing. Aim.: This paper i...

Li, HCW; Chung, OKJ; Wong, MLE; Ho, KY

138

Estratégias de coping e níveis de estresse em pacientes portadores de psoríase/ Coping strategies and stress levels in patients with psoriasis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese FUNDAMENTOS: Pesquisas atuais estão direcionando seu foco aos aspectos psicossociais envolvidos nas dermatoses crônicas. Esses fatores podem contribuir para a exacerbação da psoríase entre 40 e 80% dos casos, causando grande impacto na qualidade de vida desses pacientes. OBJETIVOS: Verificar estratégias de coping e identificar níveis de estresse do portador de psoríase. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, com amostra de 115 pacientes, divididos em 61 com psoríase e 54 (more) do grupo controle com dermatoses crônicas. Instrumentos: Inventário de Estratégias de coping e Inventário de Sintomas de Estresse para Adultos de Lipp. RESULTADOS: Destacam-se as estratégias de coping autocontrole (p=0,027) e fuga e esquiva (p=0,014) utilizadas mais pelo grupo com psoríase e níveis de estresse altos para os dois grupos (p=0,838). CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes com psoríase utilizam estratégias de coping específicas para o enfrentamento da doença de pele, quando comparados a outros pacientes com doenças crônicas de pele demonstrando relevante nível de estresse. A integração dos resultados possibilita o entendimento do estado específico que portadores de psoríase vivenciam e que denuncia a premência de intervenções mais abrangentes que envolvam também as dimensões psíquica e social. Abstract in english ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Psychosocial aspects are the current focus of research on chronic dermatoses. These aspects may contribute to exacerbation of psoriasis in 40 to 80% of cases, thus having great impact on patients? quality of life. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess coping strategies and to identify stress levels of patients with psoriasis. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a sample of 115 patients, which included 61 patients with psoriasis and 54 patient (more) s with other chronic dermatoses as controls. Instruments: The Ways of Coping Questionnaire and the Lipp Stress Symptoms Inventory for Adults. RESULTS: The coping strategies of self-control (p=0.027) and escape-avoidance (p=0.014) were the most used by patients with psoriasis and both groups present high stress levels (p=0.838). CONCLUSION: Patients with psoriasis use specific coping strategies to deal with their skin disorder when compared to other patients with chronic skin disorders; they also present stress levels as high as the control group. The integration of results enables understanding the special state of mind experienced by psoriasis patients to deal with the condition, thus showing the urgent need to develop broader intervention strategies, which also involve the social and psychic dimensions.

Silva, Juliana Dors Tigre da; Muller, Marisa Campio; Bonamigo, Renan Rangel

2006-03-01

139

Estratégias de coping e níveis de estresse em pacientes portadores de psoríase Coping strategies and stress levels in patients with psoriasis  

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Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: Pesquisas atuais estão direcionando seu foco aos aspectos psicossociais envolvidos nas dermatoses crônicas. Esses fatores podem contribuir para a exacerbação da psoríase entre 40 e 80% dos casos, causando grande impacto na qualidade de vida desses pacientes. OBJETIVOS: Verificar estratégias de coping e identificar níveis de estresse do portador de psoríase. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, com amostra de 115 pacientes, divididos em 61 com psoríase e 54 do grupo controle com dermatoses crônicas. Instrumentos: Inventário de Estratégias de coping e Inventário de Sintomas de Estresse para Adultos de Lipp. RESULTADOS: Destacam-se as estratégias de coping autocontrole (p=0,027) e fuga e esquiva (p=0,014) utilizadas mais pelo grupo com psoríase e níveis de estresse altos para os dois grupos (p=0,838). CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes com psoríase utilizam estratégias de coping específicas para o enfrentamento da doença de pele, quando comparados a outros pacientes com doenças crônicas de pele demonstrando relevante nível de estresse. A integração dos resultados possibilita o entendimento do estado específico que portadores de psoríase vivenciam e que denuncia a premência de intervenções mais abrangentes que envolvam também as dimensões psíquica e social.ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Psychosocial aspects are the current focus of research on chronic dermatoses. These aspects may contribute to exacerbation of psoriasis in 40 to 80% of cases, thus having great impact on patients’ quality of life. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess coping strategies and to identify stress levels of patients with psoriasis. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a sample of 115 patients, which included 61 patients with psoriasis and 54 patients with other chronic dermatoses as controls. Instruments: The Ways of Coping Questionnaire and the Lipp Stress Symptoms Inventory for Adults. RESULTS: The coping strategies of self-control (p=0.027) and escape-avoidance (p=0.014) were the most used by patients with psoriasis and both groups present high stress levels (p=0.838). CONCLUSION: Patients with psoriasis use specific coping strategies to deal with their skin disorder when compared to other patients with chronic skin disorders; they also present stress levels as high as the control group. The integration of results enables understanding the special state of mind experienced by psoriasis patients to deal with the condition, thus showing the urgent need to develop broader intervention strategies, which also involve the social and psychic dimensions.

Juliana Dors Tigre da Silva; Marisa Campio Muller; Renan Rangel Bonamigo

2006-01-01

140

Estratégias de enfrentamento do estresse desenvolvidas por estudantes de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina/ Stress coping strategies developed by medical students of the Federal University of Santa Catarina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Em um estudo qualitativo sobre a qualidade de vida de estudantes de Medicina, na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, emergiu o tema "Estratégias de enfrentamento do estresse". O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar dados relativos a este tema, na perspectiva de melhorar a qualidade de vida do estudante de Medicina. Seguindo princípios da pesquisa qualitativa, o tema proposto é apresentado com base na análise dos dados empíricos, relativos a depoimentos selecionado (more) s do conjunto de dados dos 25 participantes do estudo e no diálogo com a literatura. Entre os que desenvolveram estratégias, as apontadas incluíam valorização dos relacionamentos interpessoais e de fenômenos do cotidiano, equilíbrio entre estudo e lazer, organização do tempo, cuidados com a saúde, alimentação e o sono, prática de atividade física, religiosidade, trabalhar a própria personalidade para lidar com situações adversas e procura por assistência psicológica. Sugere-se maior preocupação dos envolvidos na educação médica com a qualidade de vida do estudante de Medicina e o desenvolvimento de estratégias para promovê-la ou que preparem o estudante para lidar com o estresse durante a formação médica. Abstract in english The theme "Stress coping strategies"came up in the course of a qualitative study about the quality of life of medical students at the Federal University of Santa Catarina. The objective of this article is to present data related to this issue in the hope of improving the quality of life of the medical student. According to the principles of qualitative research, the theme proposed is presented based on the analysis of empirical data derived from selected statements of the (more) 25 particpants of the study and from the literature. Those participants who developed strategies mentioned among others the importance of interpersonal relationships and day-to-day phenomena, balance between study and leisure, organization of one's time, physical exercise, health nutrition and sleep, religiosity, working the own personality to deal with adverse situations and seek for psychological assistance. One recommends a greater concern of those involved in medical education with the qualit y of life of the students and the development of strategies to promote this behavior or to prepare the students to cope with the stress during medical education.

Zonta, Ronaldo; Robles, Ana Carolina Couto; Grosseman, Suely

2006-12-01

 
 
 
 
141

Coping strategies and caregiver's anxiety in pediatric oncohematology Estratégias de coping e ansiedade de cuidadores em oncohematologia pediátrica  

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Full Text Available The main goal of this paper was to investigate associations between sociodemographic data, patient's clinical condition, indicators of anxiety, and coping strategies adopted by caregivers during leukemia diagnosis in order to indicate which factors may influence anxiety and the adopted coping strategies. In this study, 44 caregivers were enrolled and submitted to the Ways of Coping Scale (Brazilian Version - EMEP), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Results show associations among different coping categories, caregiver's age, education, and the presence of a spouse, as well as correlations related to anxiety, subject's gender, and the children's age. There was relevant association between anxiety and emotion-focused coping, suggesting the importance of interventions during the early stages of the treatment.O objetivo do estudo foi investigar associações entre dados sociodemográficos, condição clínica pediátrica, manifestações de ansiedade e estratégias de enfrentamento adotadas pelos cuidadores ao diagnóstico de leucemia, para indicar fatores influentes relativos a manifestações de ansiedade e estratégias de enfrentamento adotadas. Participaram do estudo 44 cuidadores, que responderam a Escala Modos de Enfrentamento de Problemas - EMEP, Inventário Beck de Ansiedade (BAI) e questionário sociodemográfico. Os resultados indicam associações entre tipos de enfrentamento, idade do participante, escolaridade e presença de cônjuge, além de correlações entre manifestações de ansiedade, sexo do participante e idade da criança. Destaca-se uma associação importante entre manifestações de ansiedade e uso de estratégias de enfrentamento focalizadas na emoção, sugerindo a importância de intervenções nas fases iniciais de tratamento.

Marina Kohlsdorf; Áderson Luiz Costa Junior

2011-01-01

142

The Relationship of Behavioral Disorders and Coping Styles and Strategies in Secondary School Students  

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Full Text Available AbstractObjectives: The purpose of this research was to assess the relationship of behavioral disorders and coping styles and coping strategies in secondary school students in the city of Tehran. Method: 420 students (195 boys and 225 girls) who were randomly selected from three areas (areas one, six, and 16) in the city of Tehran completed the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Adolescent Coping Scale (ACS). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis. Results: There was a negative relationship between behavioral disorders and efficient coping style and referring to others coping style (p<0.001). Step by step regression analysis showed a significant difference between measures of behavioral disorders and coping strategies (p<0.001). In addition, from among the strategies, physical recreation, hard working, social support, tranquility, resistance, positive concentration, and lowering stress had positive relationships with behavioral disorders (R=0.55) and explain a total of 30% of behavioral disorders (R2=0.307)Conclusion: Efficient and non-efficient coping styles and their related strategies are able to significantly predict behavioral disorders. Coping strategies can explain a part of changes related to behavioral disorders.  

Banafshehe Gharraee; Seyed Davoud Mohammadi; Ali Asghar Asgharnejad Farid

2008-01-01

143

Coping strategies, depressive symptoms and quality of life in hypertensive patients: Mediational and prospective relations.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examined whether depressive symptoms mediated the association between coping strategies and quality of life (QoL) in a sample of hypertensive patients, and the prospective contribution of depressive symptoms and coping strategies in the prediction of their QoL. One hundred and fifty patients (50% males and 50% females) with a diagnosis of essential hypertension were recruited from a general hospital. Symptoms of depression, coping and QoL measures (global score and dimensions) were collected at baseline. Sixty-three participants completed the QoL questionnaire again one year later (T2). The results indicated that the relations between emotion coping and QoL (global score, satisfaction and social support) were totally mediated by depressive symptoms. The association between emotion coping and well-being was, however, partially mediated by depressive symptoms. Furthermore, only baseline instrumental coping strategies predicted higher levels of QoL (global score, well-being and social support) at T2. Neither emotion coping nor depressive symptoms were significantly associated with prospective QoL. These findings suggest that depressive symptoms may be a mechanism linking the manner in which patients cope with their hypertension and their QoL. They also emphasise the adaptive role played by instrumental coping responses in the management of hypertension in the long term.

Rueda B; Pérez-García AM

2013-05-01

144

A Comparative Study of Stressful Life Events and Stress Coping Strategies in Coronary Heart Disease Patients and Non-Patients  

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Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Etiological researches suggest that biopsychosocial dimensions are responsible for coronary heart disease (CHD). The main goal of the present research was to compare stressful life events and stress coping strategies in coronary heart patients (Acute Myocardial Infarction) and non-patients. Materials & Methods: In this cross sectional research 102 patients (all males ) suffering from acute myocardial infarction and 162 non-patient individuals after matching were studied and compared with regard to psychosocial life events and stress coping strategies through coping response inventory (Moos, 1993) , scaling of life Events (paykel , 1971) and researcher made questionnaire. Results: The result established that myocardial infarction patients experienced more stress than the control group during one year before heart- attack and they used more inadequate stress coping strategies comparing with the control individuals. Conclusion: This study showed that stress and inadequate coping strategies are important variables for the development of coronary heart diseases. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2010;17(3):33-38)

A. Heidari Pahlavian; M. Gharakhani; H. Mahjub

2010-01-01

145

Mental Health of Chinese Nurses in Hong Kong: The Roles of Nursing Stresses and Coping Strategies  

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Full Text Available This study examined the sources of stress and mental health of nurses in Hong Kong. It also attempted to explore the functions of coping strategies in determining the stress and mental health of nurses. Results showed that more than one-third of the nurses could be considered as having poor mental health. While supervisory role produced the highest level of stress, organizational environment also created a substantial amount of stress for nurses. The most frequently used coping strategies were positive ones, including direct action coping and positive thinking. This study confirmed the hypotheses that nurses who adopted more positive and fewer negative coping strategies had better mental health, but failed to substantiate the moderating effects of coping on stress and mental health of nurses. Changes in the hospital care delivery system and socio-cultural factors in Hong Kong were put forward to explain the results. Implications of the findings and limitations of the study were discussed.

Wong, D

2001-01-01

146

Race, Coping Strategies, and Substance Use Behaviors: A Preliminary Analysis Examining White and American Indian Adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The association between stress exposure and substance use has been the subject of numerous studies. However, no prior study has explored the role of coping strategies in moderating the stress-substance use association for American Indian adolescents. Our preliminary study of coping strategies and substance use among a sample (n = 568) of rural American Indian and white adolescents revealed a number of similarities across both groups, but also some important differences. Results of logistic regression analyses revealed that the relationship between an avoidant coping strategy and marijuana use differed for whites and American Indians. Study limitations and future research directions are discussed.

Eitle TM; Eitle D

2013-09-01

147

Coping strategies of adults with leukemia undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in Iran: a qualitative study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) causes significant physical, social, psychological, and emotional stress in patients with leukemia. This qualitative study using semi-structured interviews explored the coping strategies of 10 adults with acute leukemia who were undergoing this form of treatment in transplantation units in a major hospital in Tehran, Iran, from 2009 to 2010. A content analysis identified eight themes and 13 subthemes that described the participants' coping strategies. The major themes were: attribution, denial and avoidance, connection with divine purpose, organizing treatment, seeking social support, modifying, reflection, and patience and resignation. A deeper understanding of the coping strategies that are used by patients with leukemia undergoing HSCT can help healthcare providers to encourage patients to use strategies that are likely to be more effective. Such coping strategies also can help patients to achieve a greater sense of empowerment.

Farsi Z; Dehghan Nayeri N; Negarandeh R

2010-12-01

148

Coping strategies of adults with leukemia undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in Iran: a qualitative study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) causes significant physical, social, psychological, and emotional stress in patients with leukemia. This qualitative study using semi-structured interviews explored the coping strategies of 10 adults with acute leukemia who were undergoing this form of treatment in transplantation units in a major hospital in Tehran, Iran, from 2009 to 2010. A content analysis identified eight themes and 13 subthemes that described the participants' coping strategies. The major themes were: attribution, denial and avoidance, connection with divine purpose, organizing treatment, seeking social support, modifying, reflection, and patience and resignation. A deeper understanding of the coping strategies that are used by patients with leukemia undergoing HSCT can help healthcare providers to encourage patients to use strategies that are likely to be more effective. Such coping strategies also can help patients to achieve a greater sense of empowerment. PMID:21210928

Farsi, Zahra; Dehghan Nayeri, Nahid; Negarandeh, Reza

2010-12-02

149

Quality of Life and Coping Strategies in Coronary Heart Disease Patients  

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This study aims to find the relationship between quality of life and coping strategies in coronary heart disease patients. Two hundred coronary heart disease patients at Tehran Heart Center, who had been diagnosed with the disease 3 months before, were selected and filled out The Coping Inventory fo...

Seyedeh-Monavar Yazdi; Simin Hosseinian; Mansoure Eslami; Ali Fathi-Ashtiani

150

Do differing types of victimization and coping strategies influence the type of social reactions experienced by current victims of intimate partner violence?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examines whether differing types of victimization and coping strategies influence the type of social reactions experienced by 173 current victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). Results of path analyses showed that psychological and sexual IPV victimization were related to positive social reactions, whereas physical, psychological, and sexual IPV victimization were related to negative social reactions. Indirect relationships between victimization and social reactions differed by types of coping strategies (social support, problem solving, and avoidance) examined. Implications are discussed regarding the development of interventions with women's support networks and the augmentation of services to help victims modify their coping strategies.

Sullivan TP; Schroeder JA; Dudley DN; Dixon JM

2010-06-01

151

[Coping with work-related stress in health care professionals -- strategies for the prevention of burnout and depression].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression and burnout among health care professionals is high in Hungary. However, there is limited empirical data on disease prevention among these populations. AIMS: This study aims at evaluating the mediating role of coping mechanisms in preventing depression and burnout. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey among 1333 health care professionals. Participants completed self-administered questionnaires about their perception of work stress, burnout and depressive symptoms, as well as their preferred coping strategies. Analyses were performed using structural equation modelling. RESULTS: The prevalence of severe depression and lack of personal accomplishment was 5.6% and nearly 50%, respectively. Work stress predicted symptoms of burnout and depression both directly and indirectly through the mediation by coping strategies. Of the coping strategies, cognitive restructuring, which accentuates the realistic assessment of challenging situations, was found to reduce the probability of the development of burnout and depression symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides further data for the development of cognitive interventional strategies and highlights the significance of these strategies in the prevention of depression and burnout among Hungarian health care professionals.

Mészáros V; Cserháti Z; Oláh A; Perczel Forintos D; Adám S

2013-03-01

152

Who Uses Exercise as a Coping Strategy for Stress? Results From a National Survey of Canadians.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of exercise as a coping behaviour for stress, compare this to other coping behaviours, and examine its demographic, behavioural, and health correlates in a nationally representative sample of Canadians. METHOD: We used data from the Canadian Community Health Survey 1.2, a cross-sectional survey of 36,984 Canadians aged 15 and over, and conducted univariate and logistic regression analyses to address our objectives. RESULTS: 40% of Canadians reported using exercise for coping with stress (ranked 8th overall). These individuals were more likely to endorse other 'positive' coping strategies and less likely to use alcohol or drugs for coping. Being younger, female, unmarried, of high SES, and a non-smoker were associated with higher likelihoods of using exercise as a coping strategy. High levels of leisure-time physical activity were associated with increased, and heavy physical activity at work with decreased, odds of reporting using exercise for stress coping. CONCLUSIONS: While reported use of exercise for stress coping is common in the general population, it is less so than several other behaviors. Encouraging exercise, particularly in groups identified as being less likely to use exercise for stress coping, could potentially reduce overall stress levels and improve general health and well-being.

Cairney J; Kwan M; Veldhuizen S; Faulkner G EJ

2013-03-01

153

Coping strategies in low-risk pregnant women: the influence of low and late fertility.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abstract Objective. Socio-demographic factors were strongly associated with coping styles in pregnant women. We studied fertility postponement, a new increasing phenomenon in industrialized countries. Methods. We studied coping (The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, CISS, Endler & Parker, 1990) in 341 healthy pregnant women, with a median age of 34 years (IQR 31-36), in their third trimester, living in Veneto, region of Italy which emerges for its low and late fertility. Results. Task-oriented coping was the most frequently used coping styles (Median, IQR: 48, 44-53), followed by Emotion-oriented coping (Median, IQR: 44, 39-49). Avoidance-oriented coping with subscales Social Diversion and Distraction were used least frequently (Median, IQR: 44, 38-49; 21, 18-24, and 14, 12-16, respectively). Socio-demographic factors were not associated with coping styles, but maternal age was inversely correlated with task coping (Spearman coefficient rho=-0.13, p=0.02). Conclusion. Fertility postponement leads to the selection and use of ineffective coping strategies in an effort to alleviate anxiety.

Zanardo V; Messina P; Trivellato P; Cavallin F; Giustardi A; Straface G; Trevisanuto D

2013-06-01

154

Level of stress and common coping strategies among physician assistant students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: This study assessed levels of stress and coping strategies in physician assistant (PA) students. METHODS: The study used a descriptive, cross-sectional design. Data were collected through an electronic survey that was sent to all current student members of the Texas Academy of Physician Assistants (N = 560). The Perceived Stress Scale was used to measure level of stress, and the Brief COPE Inventory was used to measure coping strategies. RESULTS: A total of 146 (26.3%) students participated in the study. Most respondents were female, young, single, and Caucasian/non-Hispanic. The mean stress score was 33.3, higher than that reported in the overall general US population. Areas of most concern included feeling nervous and stressed, feeling upset about unexpected happenings, and an inability to control life's irritations and manage personal problems. Self-distraction, venting, and self-blame were the most frequently used unhealthy coping strategies. Acceptance, active coping, and emotional support were the most frequently used positive coping strategies. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicated that students in PA training experience higher levels of stress than the general population in the United States, making healthy coping strategies among PA students particularly important. The results of this study can inform future research, curriculum design, teaching methods, and educational intervention in PA training programs.

O'Brien L; Mathieson K; Leafman J; Rice-Spearman L

2012-01-01

155

Surviving an Abusive Supervisor: The Joint Roles of Conscientiousness and Coping Strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The present study examines a mediated moderation model of the effects of conscientiousness and coping strategies on the relationship between abusive supervision and employees' job performance. Across 2 studies conducted in India, we found evidence that the relationship between abusive supervision and job performance was weaker when employees were high in conscientiousness. In addition, we found that the use of an avoidance coping strategy facilitated a negative relationship between abusive supervision and performance. Finally, we found that the moderating effects of conscientiousness were mediated by the use of avoidance coping strategies. Our findings contribute to theories of abusive supervision, personality, coping strategies, and job performance. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

Nandkeolyar AK; Shaffer JA; Li A; Ekkirala S; Bagger J

2013-08-01

156

Psychological Well-being of Spouse Caregivers of Dementia Patients and Their Coping Strategies  

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caregivers of dementia patients resulting in adverse effects on their psychological well-being and their coping strategies. The limitation is having to use only free full text articles which hindered from fully ...

Kassaye, Eleni Kidanu

157

Review of the Book “Defense Mechanisms. Coping Strategies. Self-Regulation”  

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Full Text Available This book deals with coping strategies and defense mechanisms as two kinds of self-regulation of human behaviour. The defense mechanisms are described with some examples of fiction books.

Stoil Mavrodiev

2012-01-01

158

Social support, coping strategies and health-related quality of life among primary caregivers of stroke survivors in China.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships of social support and coping strategies to health-related quality of life among primary caregivers of stroke survivors in China. BACKGROUND: Caring for a stroke survivor is highly stressful, which can negatively affect a caregiver's physical and psychological well-being. Stroke caregivers generally report more somatic symptoms, depressive symptoms, sleep disorders and social isolation. They generally have poorer quality of life than the general population. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study. METHODS: A quasi-random, point of reference sample of 121 survivor-caregiver dyads was recruited from three community health centres and six health service stations in a city in central China. Data were collected in face-to-face interviews at participants' homes using structured questionnaires. RESULTS: Higher educational levels, planning and active coping were positively associated with health-related quality of life. The number of chronic conditions, hours of care per day and functional dependence of the survivor were negatively related to quality of life. CONCLUSION: Active coping strategies predicted better health-related quality of life. Findings suggest that intervention programmes should be developed to enhance caregivers of stroke survivors' coping skills and improve social support for these caregivers in China. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Community healthcare providers may need to help caregivers strengthen strategies that are effective (planning, active coping, seeking instrumental and emotional support) and change those that are not helpful (venting, denial and self-blame).

Yu Y; Hu J; Efird JT; McCoy TP

2013-08-01

159

Novelty-seeking and avoidant coping strategies are associated with academic stress in Korean medical students.  

Science.gov (United States)

High levels of stress and depression in medical students is raising concern. In this study, we sought to identify coping strategies and other factors influencing academic stress in medical students. We enrolled 157 students from the University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Korea, in November, 2010. We used the Medical Stress Scale, Temperament and Character Inventory, Hamilton Depression Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and Coping Response Inventory to assess psychological parameters. We used Pearson's correlation and linear regression analyses to analyze the data. Novelty-seeking, self-directedness, cooperativeness, coping strategy, and depression scale scores all correlated significantly with stress level. Linear regression analysis indicated that students who are novelty-seeking, likely to use avoidant coping strategies, and unlikely to use active-cognitive and active-behavioral strategies tend to have higher stress levels. Reduction of stress in medical students may be achieved through evaluation of coping strategies and personality features and use of interventions to promote active coping strategies. PMID:22901439

An, Hoyoung; Chung, Seockhoon; Park, Jangho; Kim, Seong-Yoon; Kim, Kyung Mo; Kim, Ki-Soo

2012-08-16

160

Coping with food price hikes: Strategies of the poor in Kandy, Sri Lanka  

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High food prices have consistently forced families to adopt a myriad of coping strategies to meet their food needs. A comprehensive understanding of the nature and diversity of such strategies, the relative effectiveness of different strategies, and the factors that determine the choice of various s...

Kodithuwakku, Sarath S.; Weerahewa, Jeevika

 
 
 
 
161

Relationship between behavioural coping strategies and acceptance in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome: Elucidating targets of interventions  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous research has found that acceptance of pain is more successful than cognitive coping variables for predicting adjustment to pain. This research has a limitation because measures of cognitive coping rely on observations and reports of thoughts or attempts to change thoughts rather than on overt behaviours. The purpose of the present study, therefore, is to compare the influence of acceptance measures and the influence of different behavioural coping strategies on the adjustment to chronic pain. Methods A sample of 167 individuals diagnosed with fibromyalgia syndrome completed the Chronic Pain Coping Inventory (CPCI) and the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ). Results Correlational analyses indicated that the acceptance variables were more related to distress and functioning than were behavioural coping variables. The average magnitudes of the coefficients for activity engagement and pain willingness (both subscales of pain acceptance) across the measures of distress and functioning were r = 0.42 and 0.25, respectively, meanwhile the average magnitude of the correlation between coping and functioning was r = 0.17. Regression analyses examined the independent, relative contributions of coping and acceptance to adjustment indicators and demonstrated that acceptance accounted for more variance than did coping variables. The variance contributed by acceptance scores ranged from 4.0 to 40%. The variance contributed by the coping variables ranged from 0 to 9%. Conclusions This study extends the findings of previous work in enhancing the adoption of acceptance-based interventions for maintaining accurate functioning in fibromyalgia patients.

Rodero Baltasar; Casanueva Benigno; Luciano Juan V; Gili Margalida; Serrano-Blanco Antoni; García-Campayo Javier

2011-01-01

162

A study on stress, stressors and coping strategies among Malaysian medical students.  

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Full Text Available Introduction: As the prevalence of stress is rising rapidly among the community, it is important to understand their stressors and coping strategies for creating a psychological-friendly environment for the students in the future. The study aim was to explore the stress level, stressors, and coping strategies among first year medical students in Malaysian public universities and factors contributed to the stress at the end of year. Methodology: A multicenter cross-sectional study involving four Malaysian public universities. The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Medical Student Stressor Questionnaire (MSSQ) and Brief COPE inventory were self-administered to measure stress level, sources of stress and coping strategies respectively among the participants. Calculated sample size was 387. Results: Out of 387 selected participants, 359 (92.7%) responded to this survey. This study found that the prevalence of distressed first year medical students at the end of year was 50%. The major stressors across the universities were academic-related issues. The top five coping strategies were religion, active coping, positive reinterpretation, acceptance and planning. University, parent income, and academic, group activities, and desire related stressors were significant factors contributing to the students’ stress (p-value Conclusion: This study found that there was a high prevalence of distressed among first year medical students at the end of year, the major stressors were related to academic and contributing factors of stress were related to university, coping strategy, types of stressor and parent income status. Training first year medical students on adaptive coping strategies, managing stressors, and improving peer-group supports to the students will help to improve this condition.

Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff; Liew Yen Yee; Ling Heng Wei; Loke Hon Meng; Lim Xue Bin; Tan Chin Siong; Ahmad Fuad Abdul Rahim

2011-01-01

163

Human Strategies for Coping with El Nino Related Drought in Amazonia  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This article reports on findings of a research project examining farmers' coping strategies in the Brazilian Amazon in response to El Nino related weather events. We examine the extent of vulnerability of small and large farmers to these events in a tropical rainforest environment. Little attention has been given to the impact of ENSO events in Amazonia, despite evidence for devastating fires during ENSOs. Although we found a range of locally developed forecasting techniques and coping mechanisms, farmers have sustained significant losses, and we suggest that increased access to scientific forecasts would greatly enhance the ability of the farmers in our study area to cope with El Nino related weather events. In Amazonia the El Nino phase of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) climate pattern leads to an extended period of reduced rainfall (Hobbs et al., 1998). This period of reduced rainfall can result in significant agricultural losses for farmers and ranchers in the area and in increased forest flammability. We have found that the majority of our study population uses several methods of forecasting, coping with, and adapting to drought events - and they recognize the economic losses they can experience and the loss of forests through the accidental spread of fire. The poorest farmers in our study area experience El Nino related drought events as a serious threat to their livelihoods. Their vulnerability is heightened during extreme climate events and our observations revealed that all of the farmers in our study would benefit from increased availability of improved forecast information relevant to their locality and their current farming strategies. This paper examines the availability and use of forecasts, the occurrence of accidental fires and techniques to prevent fire related losses, and the coping mechanisms for dealing with El Nino related drought in the agricultural regions surrounding the cities of Altamira and Santarem, in Para State, Brazil. Distribution of an El Nino Prediction Kit at the end of the study and a series of workshops may lead to better local information on rainfall variability and create a farmer-maintained grid of collecting stations to sensitize farmers to the variability of precipitation in the region, and on their property.

Moran, E.F. [Anthropological Center for Training in Global Environmental Change ACT, Indiana University, Bloomington (United States); Adams, R. [Center for the Study of Population, Institutions, and Environmental Change CIPEC, Indiana University, Bloomington (United States); Bakoyema, B.; Fiorini, S.T. [Anthropology Department, Indiana University, Bloomington (United States); Boucek, B. [Geography Department, Indiana University, Bloomington (United States)

2006-08-15

164

Burnout syndrome among physicians - the role of personality dimensions and coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Burnout syndrome (BS) and stress-related disorders are frequent among medical specialists, but it has been suggested that some health workers are more prone to the BS than others. This study assessed the intensity of the BS among 3 groups of physicians: psychiatrists, general practitioners and surgeons and examined correlation both between the intensity of BS and physicians` personality dimensions as well as between the level of BS and stress coping strategies. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 160 physicians (70 general practitioners, 50 psychiatrists, 40 surgeons). The assessment was carried out by the Maslach Burnout Inventory, The Temperament and Character Inventory and Manual for the Ways of Coping Questionnaire. RESULTS: Dimension of emotional exhaustion was the most prominent in general practitioners (F=5.546, df1=2, df2=156, p<0.01), while dimension of depersonalization was highest in surgeons (F=15.314, df1=2, df2=156, p<0.01), as well as lack of personal accomplishment (F=16.079, df1=2, df2=156, p<0.01). We found that the Harm Avoidance has lead to development of BS while Self-directedness and Cooperativeness were prominent in physicians with low level of BS. The escape-avoidance was in correlation with high depersonalization and lack of personal accomplishment while self-control was prominent in physicians with lower BS. CONCLUSION: The BS affects personal well-being and professional performance. It is important to identify individuals with a tendency towards its development, in order to undertake preventive measures such as stress management and improvement of the stress coping strategies.

Pejuškovi? B; Le?i?-Toševski D; Priebe S; Toškovi? O

2011-12-01

165

Perinatal grief following a termination of pregnancy for fetal abnormality: the impact of coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy termination for fetal abnormality (TFA) can have significant psychological repercussions, but little is known about the coping strategies involved in dealing with TFA. This study examined the relationships between women's coping strategies and perinatal grief. METHOD: 166 women completed a survey online. Coping and perinatal grief were measured using the Brief COPE and Short Perinatal Grief scales. Data were analysed through multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: Despite using mostly adaptive coping strategies, women's levels of grief were high and varied according to obstetric and termination variables. Grief was predicted by: behavioural disengagement, venting, planning, religion, self-blame, being recently bereaved, being childless at the time of TFA, not having had children/being pregnant since TFA, and uncertainty about the decision to terminate the pregnancy. Acceptance and positive reframing negatively predicted grief. CONCLUSION: Identifying women vulnerable to poor psychological adjustment and promoting coping strategies associated with lower levels of grief may be beneficial. This could be addressed through information provision and interventions such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy or Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Lafarge C; Mitchell K; Fox P

2013-08-01

166

Coping strategies in carers of young people with a first episode of psychosis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Carers of young people with first episode psychosis (FEP) often face burden. Understanding ways in which carers cope is not only important for providing support to them but might maximise patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine strategies carers use to cope with the burden of caring for a young person with FEP. METHODS: The study was part of a randomized controlled trial focusing on the effectiveness of a problem-solving bibliotherapy intervention for carers of FEP patients, in terms of promoting coping and reducing psychological distress. Baseline data on the Ways of Coping (WOC) scale was available for 124 carers aged between 18 and 66 years. Principal component analysis with PROMAX rotation was used to determine the number of factors that could be used to characterise coping behaviour. Regression analyses were used to determine how the factors were related to carers' demographics, burden, psychological well-being and expressed emotion. RESULTS: Approximately half of the carers reported that they frequently use positive coping techniques such as self-talk, active problem solving, and positive reframing. The factor analysis yielded five factors: (i) cognitive-escape coping; (ii) optimistic coping; (iii) seeking connections; (iv) tension reduction; and (v) distancing. The relationships between these factors and demographic characteristics, carers' perception of burden, expressed emotion, and psychological distress are reported. CONCLUSIONS: Avoidance coping strategies are related to psychological distress, emotional over-involvement, and increased carer burden. Interventions facilitating the use of adaptive problem solving and positive re-appraisal will promote carer coping and reduce psychological distress.

Cotton SM; McCann TV; Gleeson JF; Crisp K; Murphy BP; Lubman DI

2013-05-01

167

Weight status, self-competence, and coping strategies in Chinese children.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to investigate Chinese children's perceptions of self-competence and the coping strategies based on gender and weight status using the Terror Management Theory. A total of 331 Chinese children completed body mass index (BMI), Self-Perception Profile for Children, and Schoolagers' Coping Strategies Inventory. Mothers completed demographic information and the Family Assessment Device. Results indicated that better behavioral conduct competence contributed to better global self-worth in boys; in girls, better behavioral conduct competence and physical appearance competence contributed to better global self-worth. Higher BMI was related to lower athletic competency in boys and lower social competence in girls. Eating and drinking were reported as one of the most frequently used coping strategies by children, but the children felt that this strategy was not effective. Results of this study suggest that culture plays an important role in children's perceived self-competence and coping strategies. Health care providers and educators should incorporate assessment of self-competence and coping strategies into patient care and education. PMID:17524962

Chen, Jyu-Lin; Yeh, Chao-Hsing; Kennedy, Christine

2007-06-01

168

Quality of Life and Coping Strategies in Coronary Heart Disease Patients  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to find the relationship between quality of life and coping strategies in coronary heart disease patients. Two hundred coronary heart disease patients at Tehran Heart Center, who had been diagnosed with the disease 3 months before, were selected and filled out The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) and Quality of Life-SF36. Results showed a discrepancy between quality of life indices and coping strategies. Task-oriented strategy had a positive and significant relationship with total quality of life and PF indices while it had a negative and significant relationship with MH, RE and RP indices. Emotional-oriented strategy had a positive and significant relationship with RP and RE indices while it had a negative and significant relationship with PF, GH, PH, total psychological health and total quality of life indices. Avoidance-oriented strategy had a negative and significant relationship only with MH index. Furthermore, quality of life aspects (physical and psychological) had a positive and significant relationship with emotional-oriented strategy, but it did not have a significant relationship with task-oriented and avoidance-oriented strategies. Also, the social aspect of quality of life did not have a significant relationship with any of the strategies. Considering the effect of stress on decreasing the quality of life, we recommend a psychologist train coping strategies to coronary heart disease patients along with medical treatments in order to improve recovery, maintain health and reduce recurrence.

Yazdi, Seyedeh-Monavar; Hosseinian, Simin; Eslami, Mansoure; Fathi-Ashtiani, Ali

169

Quality of Life and Coping Strategies in Coronary Heart Disease Patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims to find the relationship between quality of life and coping strategies in coronary heart disease patients. Two hundred coronary heart disease patients at Tehran Heart Center, who had been diagnosed with the disease 3 months before, were selected and filled out The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) and Quality of Life-SF36. Results showed a discrepancy between quality of life indices and coping strategies. Task-oriented strategy had a positive and significant relationship with total quality of life and PF indices while it had a negative and significant relationship with MH, RE and RP indices. Emotional-oriented strategy had a positive and significant relationship with RP and RE indices while it had a negative and significant relationship with PF, GH, PH, total psychological health and total quality of life indices. Avoidance-oriented strategy had a negative and significant relationship only with MH index. Furthermore, quality of life aspects (physical and psychological) had a positive and significant relationship with emotional-oriented strategy, but it did not have a significant relationship with task-oriented and avoidance-oriented strategies. Also, the social aspect of quality of life did not have a significant relationship with any of the strategies. Considering the effect of stress on decreasing the quality of life, we recommend a psychologist train coping strategies to coronary heart disease patients along with medical treatments in order to improve recovery, maintain health and reduce recurrence.

Seyedeh-Monavar Yazdi; Simin Hosseinian; Mansoure Eslami; Ali Fathi-Ashtiani

2008-01-01

170

A Moderated Mediation Model: Racial Discrimination, Coping Strategies, and Racial Identity Among Black Adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examined a moderated mediation model among 314 Black adolescents aged 13-18. The model included general coping strategies (e.g., active, distracting, avoidant, and support-seeking strategies) as mediators and racial identity dimensions (racial centrality, private regard, public regard, minority, assimilationist, and humanist ideologies) as moderators of the relation between perceived racial discrimination and depressive symptoms. Moderated mediation examined if the relation between perceived racial discrimination and depressive symptoms varied by the mediators and moderators. Results revealed that avoidant coping strategies mediated the relation between perceptions of racial discrimination and depressive symptoms. The results indicated that avoidant coping strategies mediated the relation between perceived racial discrimination and depressive symptoms among youth with high levels of the minority/oppressive ideology.

Seaton EK; Upton R; Gilbert A; Volpe V

2013-05-01

171

Personality, cognitive coping strategies, and adaptational outcomes in a sample from the general Spanish population.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The relationship among scores on two personality dimensions, Emotional Stability and Extraversion, and on two cognitive coping strategies, Positive Thinking and Wishful Thinking, and on the Consequences of Coping scale were examined in 169 Spanish persons (78 men and 91 women; Mage = 36.3 yr., SD = 12.1). Positive Thinking was associated with high scores on the two personality dimensions and positive consequences, whereas Wishful Thinking was associated with low scores on both Emotional Stability and Extraversion and with negative consequences.

Ruiz VM

2008-08-01

172

Comparing Student Perceptions of Coping Strategies and School Interventions in Managing Bullying and Cyberbullying Incidents  

Science.gov (United States)

A total of 407 students in a central London secondary school participated in a survey of different approaches to managing traditional bullying and cyberbullying. Student perceptions of individual coping strategies and school interventions for traditional bullying and cyberbullying were measured. Rankings of the strategies for traditional bullying…

Paul, Simone; Smith, Peter K.; Blumberg, Herbert H.

2012-01-01

173

In response to community violence: coping strategies and involuntary stress responses among Latino adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Among poor, urban adolescents, high rates of community violence are a pressing public health concern. This study relies on a contextual framework of stress and coping to investigate how coping strategies and involuntary stress responses may both mediate and moderate the relation between exposure to community violence and psychological well-being. Our sample consists of 223 ninth grade Latino adolescents from poor, urban families. In response to community violence, these adolescents reported using an array of coping strategies as well as experiencing a number of involuntary stress responses; the most frequent coping responses were turning to religion and seeking social support. Hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated that involuntary stress responses mediated the relations between both witnessing or being victimized by violence and poorer psychological functioning, while coping strategies moderated these relations. These findings suggest that the negative psychological effects of exposure to community violence may, in part, be explained by involuntary stress responses, while religious-based coping may serve as a protective factor.

Epstein-Ngo Q; Maurizi LK; Bregman A; Ceballo R

2013-01-01

174

Coping strategies influence caregiver outcomes among Asian family caregivers of persons with dementia in Singapore.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This cross-sectional study used the stress and coping paradigm to examine the factors associated with negative and positive adjustment outcomes among Asian family caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) in Singapore. One hundred seven family caregivers completed measures assessing patient illness characteristics, general coping styles of caregivers, specific dementia management strategies, religion and spirituality, and caregiver adjustment outcomes of burden and gain. Multiple regressions revealed that behavioral problems in the PWD, dementia severity, and the use of behavioral disengagement and criticism as coping strategies were significant predictors of burden accounting for 48% of the explained variance [F(4,99)=23.12, P<0.001]. The only significant predictor of gain was the use of encouragement as a specific dementia management strategy, explaining 18% of variance [F(3,102)=7.39, P<0.001]. Religion and spirituality predicted gain indirectly through the use of encouragement. Coping strategies had an independent effect on caregiver outcomes above and beyond PWD illness characteristics and caregiver characteristics. Hence, caregiver interventions should target coping strategies to improve outcomes of caregiving for dementia. Findings also support the need to examine religion and spirituality in future studies of caregiver adjustment outcomes and to explore the factors not measured in this study that might explain gain.

Lim J; Griva K; Goh J; Chionh HL; Yap P

2011-01-01

175

Is coping strategies predictor of anxiety and depression in couple infertile?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Infertility is a complex crisis of life and increases psychological difficulties such as anxiety and depression. Identification of copy strategies for stressful events like infertility is important. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between coping strategies with anxiety and depression symptoms in men and women’s infertile. Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted from 2011-2012 on 168 Iranian infertile couples referred to the Fatemeh Zahra infertility and reproductive health research center of Babol university of medical science to initiate assistant reproductive technologies and completed the Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ), The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).The results were analyzed using t-test, the Pearson correlation and the stepwise model of multiple regression analysis. P Results: Escape/ avoidance contributed the greatest amount of unique variance to the model for anxiety/de-pression of infertile women (P Conclusion: men and women infertile who use disproportionally maladaptive coping strategies such as escape/avoidance are predisposed to anxiety and depression symptoms. How using the coping strategies is very important in expressing anxiety and depression in infertile couples and training the adaptive coping strategies suggested by counseling centers.

Mahbobeh Faramarzi; Hajar Pasha; Seddigheh Esmaelzadeh; Gholamali Jorsarai; Mohamad Reza Aghajani Mir; Sharareh Abedi

2013-01-01

176

Taste alteration in breast cancer patients treated with taxane chemotherapy: experience, effect, and coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: This study examined the experience and coping strategies for taste alteration in female breast cancer patients treated with docetaxel or paclitaxel. METHODS: A purposive sample of 25 patients currently receiving docetaxel or paclitaxel or within 6 months of having completed treatment was recruited. Semi-structured interviews and patient-level data were utilized for this exploratory descriptive study. Interview data were analyzed with the constant comparative method; patient-level data were abstracted from the electronic medical record. RESULTS: Of all side effects reported from taxanes, the most common was taste alteration (8 of 10 docetaxel patients, 3 of 15 paclitaxel patients). Women that experience taste alteration chose not to eat as much, ate on an irregular schedule, and/or lost interest in preparing meals for themselves and/or their family. Women adopted a variety of new behaviors to deal with the taste alteration and its effects, including trying new recipes, eating strongly flavored foods, honoring specific food cravings, eating candy before meals, cutting food with lemon, drinking sweetened drinks, using plastic eating utensils, drinking from a straw, brushing their teeth and tongue before meals, and using baking soda and salt wash or antibacterial mouthwash. CONCLUSIONS: Taste alteration affects breast cancer patients' lives, and they develop management strategies to deal with the effect. While some self-management strategies can be seen as positively adaptive, the potential for increased caloric consumption and poor eating behaviors associated with some coping strategies may be a cause for concern given the observation of weight gain during breast cancer treatment and association of obesity with poor treatment outcomes in breast cancer patients. Further studies are warranted to determine the overall burden of this symptom and measurement of cancer and non-cancer-related consequences of these behavioral adaptations.

Speck RM; DeMichele A; Farrar JT; Hennessy S; Mao JJ; Stineman MG; Barg FK

2013-02-01

177

Pain-coping strategies in chronic pain patients: psychometric characteristics of the pain-coping inventory (PCI).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article presents a series of studies aimed at validating a comprehensive pain-coping inventory (PCI) that is applicable to various types of patients with chronic pain. Item and scale analyses were performed for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), patients with chronic headache, and pain clinic outpatients. The following 6 scales were derived from a simultaneous component analysis: Pain Transformation, Distraction, Reducing Demands, Retreating, Worrying, and Resting, all of which were internally reliable. A higher order factor analysis grouped the PCI scales into active (transformation, distraction, reducing demands) and passive (retreating, worrying, resting) pain-coping dimensions. Differences in use of strategy found between RA patients and headache patients indicated that the PCI scales were sufficiently sensitive to measure differences between groups. Concurrent validity was assessed for patients with RA and patients with fibromyalgia and predictive validity was assessed for patients with recently diagnosed RA after 1 and 3 years. In both analyses the validity of the scales was supported, in particular the predictive validity of passive coping scales for future outcomes.

Kraaimaat FW; Evers AW

2003-01-01

178

Coping Strategies and Self-Efficacy for Diabetes Management in Older Mexican Adults  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Diabetes Mellitus 2 (DM2) affects 20% of the elderly population in Mexico, causes disability and death, and demands many life-style changes. Since DM2 control is largely responsibility of the patient, management itself is source of stress. Coping is a process by which persons face stressful situations, and active coping have proved being effective in disease control. Social-cognitive perspective suggests that self-efficacy believes can regulate human functioning, therefore they could promote specific coping if relations between them are found. The study aim was to examine the association between coping strategies and self-efficacy in DM2 management in a group of 126 Mexican adults over 54 years old (= 68.57, SD = 7.19), which answered an interview about sociodemographics data, self-efficacy in diabetes and coping strategies. The most common kind of coping used by the sample was self-recreation (= 50.41, SD = 19.50) and religious faith (= 50.04, SD = 17.65), and in self-efficacy the domain of taking the medicines had the greater score (= 90.25, SD = 16.08). Total score in self-efficacy had significant correlations with active coping (r = .402, p ? .01) and self-recreation (r = .291, p ? .01). We concluded that there are relationships between self-efficacy beliefs in diabetes management and active coping. The correlation found can be used to guide future interventions with these patients, but the relation should be studied deeper for directional search, if is proved that DM self-efficacy beliefs enhance active coping; self-efficacy based interventions should be promote.

Mónica Hattori-Hara; Ana Luisa González-Celis

2013-01-01

179

Coping strategies as psychological risk factor for antenatal anxiety, worries, and depression among Greek women.  

Science.gov (United States)

A range of psychosocial, medical, and demographic variables may influence pregnant women's psychological status. However the association between coping strategies, anxiety, worries, and depression during pregnancy is a relatively neglected area of research. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between coping strategies, antenatal anxiety, pregnancy worries, and depressive symptomatology after controlling for the effects of background variables. The study sample consisted of 163 pregnant women, with gestational age ranging from 11 to 26 weeks, attending antenatal screening at a Greek public hospital. Coping strategies were measured with Brief COPE, pregnancy worries were measured with Cambridge Worry Scale (CWS), anxiety was assessed using State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-X version), and depression was measured with Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D). Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated among all study variables, followed by hierarchical multiple linear regression. In the univariate analysis, low annual income, unemployment, conception after an IVF treatment, and a previous history of miscarriage were associated with anxiety, depression, and worries. Additionally, almost all coping strategies (denial, behavioral disengagement, self-blame, self-distraction, substance use, acceptance, positive reframing, active coping, and seeking emotional support) were significantly associated with antenatal anxiety, worries, and depression. Linear regression analysis showed that only previous history of miscarriage, conception after IVF, as well as denial, behavioral disengagement and acceptance coping strategies were significantly related to anxiety, worries and depressive symptomatology. The risk factors found in this study could help clinicians target anxiety and depression screening to high-risk populations of pregnant women. Provision of adequate training for obstetricians and midwives in the detection and management of anxiety and depression among pregnant women should help to decrease the psychological burden during pregnancy. PMID:23558945

Gourounti, Kleanthi; Anagnostopoulos, Fotios; Lykeridou, Katerina

2013-04-01

180

Coping strategies as psychological risk factor for antenatal anxiety, worries, and depression among Greek women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A range of psychosocial, medical, and demographic variables may influence pregnant women's psychological status. However the association between coping strategies, anxiety, worries, and depression during pregnancy is a relatively neglected area of research. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between coping strategies, antenatal anxiety, pregnancy worries, and depressive symptomatology after controlling for the effects of background variables. The study sample consisted of 163 pregnant women, with gestational age ranging from 11 to 26 weeks, attending antenatal screening at a Greek public hospital. Coping strategies were measured with Brief COPE, pregnancy worries were measured with Cambridge Worry Scale (CWS), anxiety was assessed using State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-X version), and depression was measured with Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D). Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated among all study variables, followed by hierarchical multiple linear regression. In the univariate analysis, low annual income, unemployment, conception after an IVF treatment, and a previous history of miscarriage were associated with anxiety, depression, and worries. Additionally, almost all coping strategies (denial, behavioral disengagement, self-blame, self-distraction, substance use, acceptance, positive reframing, active coping, and seeking emotional support) were significantly associated with antenatal anxiety, worries, and depression. Linear regression analysis showed that only previous history of miscarriage, conception after IVF, as well as denial, behavioral disengagement and acceptance coping strategies were significantly related to anxiety, worries and depressive symptomatology. The risk factors found in this study could help clinicians target anxiety and depression screening to high-risk populations of pregnant women. Provision of adequate training for obstetricians and midwives in the detection and management of anxiety and depression among pregnant women should help to decrease the psychological burden during pregnancy.

Gourounti K; Anagnostopoulos F; Lykeridou K

2013-04-01

 
 
 
 
181

Burnout and Coping Strategies in Male Staff from National Police in Valparaíso Chile  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the relationship between several dimensions of the burnout syndrome with certain stress-coping strategies, seniority level and marital status in male staff from National Police in Vaparaíso, Chile.Methods: The sample collected in 2010 was composed of 338 male officers coming from various special units of a National Police in Valparaíso. Burnout and Coping Strategies were assessed and classified according Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and COPE Inventory, respectively. Data was analyzed using Pearson product-moment correlation, t-test for independent measures and Multiple Linear Regression to generate a predictive model.Results: The prevalence of the burnout syndrome disaggregated by grouping criteria, the dimensions concentrated in middle levels for emotional exhaustion with a 52.1%, a 51.8% for depersonalization and finally, personal achievement with a 48.8%. Only 28% of participants showed more exacerbated dimensions of the burnout syndrome. There was a weak and direct yet statistically significant relationship between personal achievement and active coping. Mental disconnection had a weak direct relationship between both coping strategies and emotional exhaustion also existed. Certain correlations between burnout dimensions and coping strategies focused on emotion as predictor variables over the criterion variable corresponding to emotional exhaustion were mental disconnection in first place, secondly, focusing on emotions, and emotional social support.Conclusions: Burnout dimensions scored medium values ??focusing mainly on emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment. Coping strategies are used in parallel and in general are not mutually exclusive. Finally, there were not any relationship between variables seniority level and marital status.

Daniel Briones Mella; Ana P . Kinkead Boutin

2013-01-01

182

Symptom and Problem Focused Coping Strategies of Business Women Expatriates and their Socio-Cultural Adjustment in Hong Kong  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose - The purpose of this study is to explore coping strategies of female business expatriates and to examine how these strategies are associated with the women's international adjustment. Design/methodology/approach - Data were collected through mail surveys to Western female business expatriates in Hong Kong regarding their coping strategies and adjustment.  Findings - As predicted, the results showed that the female expatriates more often used problem focused than symptom focused coping strategies. Surprisingly, there was no association between problem focused coping strategies and socio-cultural adjustment. However, as expected, symptom focused coping strategies were negatively related to adjusting in socio-cultural terms. As presumed, there was no relationship between any of the coping strategies and psychological adjustment. Research limitations/implications - The special contextual circumstances in Hong Kong could have contributed to the unanticipated findings that there was no association between problem focused coping strategies and any type of adjustment studied. Through cross-cultural training, female business expatriates could benefit from being informed that applying symptom focused coping strategies may make them less well adjusted to a host location. Originality/value - Women still represent a relatively untapped source for expatriation and the research on female business expatriates is still inadequate in many respects.  An important issue examined by this study is how women cope with the stress of international assignments and how that may affect their international adjustment.

Selmer, Jan; Leung, Alicia S.M.

2007-01-01

183

Comparison of Quality of Life and Coping Strategies in Diabetic and Non Diabetic People  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Diabetic patients face with different physical and psychological challenging factors which impress their quality of life. The major problem of these patients, which has made their life circumstances more complicated, is coping and adapting styles with the illness. So, this study aimed to determine quality of life and also different kinds of coping strategies in patients with type 2 diabetes and also to compare it with those of healthy people. Methods: In this study, sixty diabetic patients (30 male, 30 female), were chosen by available sampling method from the people who referred to Sina Diabetes center in Tabriz and were compared with sixty non diabetic people (30 male, 30 female). Data were collected by two questionnaires including the short form health survey (SF-36) and coping style Inventories. MANOVA method was used to analyze the research data. Results: The study results showed that non diabetics were significantly higher than diabetic patients in regard to quality of life and its dimensions (p<0.001). Also results revealed that non diabetic people used the problem–oriented styles (p<0.001), however diabetic patients used emotional-oriented coping and avoidance strategies more (p<0.05). In this study (in both groups), females in comparison with males had lower score in quality of life and used more emotion-oriented coping styles and less problem-oriented styles. Conclusion: The results indicated that individuals’ quality of life was affected by their coping style with different affairs. Emotional-oriented coping and avoidance strategies were related with decrease of quality of life in diabetic patients whereas problem-oriented styles enhanced it. Therefore, it is necessary to perform interventions for teaching problem solving coping in order to improve these patients' quality of life.

M Hatamloo Sadabadi; J Babapour Kheirodin

2013-01-01

184

Psychological morbidity, sources of stress and coping strategies among undergraduate medical students of Nepal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In recent years there has been a growing appreciation of the issues of quality of life and stresses involved medical training as this may affect their learning and academic performance. However, such studies are lacking in medical schools of Nepal. Therefore, we carried out this study to assess the prevalence of psychological morbidity, sources and severity of stress and coping strategies among medical students in our integrated problem-stimulated undergraduate medical curriculum. Methods A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was carried out among the undergraduate medical students of Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal during the time period August, 2005 to December, 2006. The psychological morbidity was assessed using General Health Questionnaire. A 24-item questionnaire was used to assess sources of stress and their severity. Coping strategies adopted was assessed using brief COPE inventory. Results The overall response rate was 75.8% (407 out of 525 students). The overall prevalence of psychological morbidity was 20.9% and was higher among students of basic sciences, Indian nationality and whose parents were medical doctors. By logistic regression analysis, GHQ-caseness was associated with occurrence of academic and health-related stressors. The most common sources of stress were related to academic and psychosocial concerns. The most important and severe sources of stress were staying in hostel, high parental expectations, vastness of syllabus, tests/exams, lack of time and facilities for entertainment. The students generally used active coping strategies and alcohol/drug was a least used coping strategy. The coping strategies commonly used by students in our institution were positive reframing, planning, acceptance, active coping, self-distraction and emotional support. The coping strategies showed variation by GHQ-caseness, year of study, gender and parents' occupation. Conclusion The higher level of psychological morbidity warrants need for interventions like social and psychological support to improve the quality of life for these medical students. Student advisors and counselors may train students about stress management. There is also need to bring about academic changes in quality of teaching and evaluation system. A prospective study is necessary to study the association of psychological morbidity with demographic variables, sources of stress and coping strategies.

Sreeramareddy Chandrashekhar T; Shankar Pathiyil R; Binu VS; Mukhopadhyay Chiranjoy; Ray Biswabina; Menezes Ritesh G

2007-01-01

185

Psychological morbidity, sources of stress and coping strategies among undergraduate medical students of Nepal.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been a growing appreciation of the issues of quality of life and stresses involved medical training as this may affect their learning and academic performance. However, such studies are lacking in medical schools of Nepal. Therefore, we carried out this study to assess the prevalence of psychological morbidity, sources and severity of stress and coping strategies among medical students in our integrated problem-stimulated undergraduate medical curriculum. METHODS: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was carried out among the undergraduate medical students of Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal during the time period August, 2005 to December, 2006. The psychological morbidity was assessed using General Health Questionnaire. A 24-item questionnaire was used to assess sources of stress and their severity. Coping strategies adopted was assessed using brief COPE inventory. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 75.8% (407 out of 525 students). The overall prevalence of psychological morbidity was 20.9% and was higher among students of basic sciences, Indian nationality and whose parents were medical doctors. By logistic regression analysis, GHQ-caseness was associated with occurrence of academic and health-related stressors. The most common sources of stress were related to academic and psychosocial concerns. The most important and severe sources of stress were staying in hostel, high parental expectations, vastness of syllabus, tests/exams, lack of time and facilities for entertainment. The students generally used active coping strategies and alcohol/drug was a least used coping strategy. The coping strategies commonly used by students in our institution were positive reframing, planning, acceptance, active coping, self-distraction and emotional support. The coping strategies showed variation by GHQ-caseness, year of study, gender and parents' occupation. CONCLUSION: The higher level of psychological morbidity warrants need for interventions like social and psychological support to improve the quality of life for these medical students. Student advisors and counselors may train students about stress management. There is also need to bring about academic changes in quality of teaching and evaluation system. A prospective study is necessary to study the association of psychological morbidity with demographic variables, sources of stress and coping strategies.

Sreeramareddy CT; Shankar PR; Binu VS; Mukhopadhyay C; Ray B; Menezes RG

2007-01-01

186

Associations between academic stressors, reaction to stress, coping strategies and musculoskeletal disorders among college students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The adverse health effects of stress are enormous, and vary among people, probably because of differences in how stress is appraised and the strategies individuals use to cope with it. This study assessed the association between academic stress and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among 1365 undergraduates. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a Nigerian university at the beginning of the 2010/2011 academic session with the same group of participants. The Life Stress Assessment Inventory, Coping Strategies Questionnaire, and Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment were administered as tools of data gathering. RESULTS: Students' stress level and associated MSDs were higher during the examination period than the pre-examination periods. Stressors were significantly associated with increased risk of MSDs in both sexes were those related to changes (odds ratio (OR) = 1.7, p = 0.002) and pressures (OR = 2.09, p = 0.001). Emotional and physiological reactions to stress were significantly associated with MSDs in both sexes, with higher odds for MSDs in females, whereas cognitive and behavioral reactions showed higher odds (though non-significant) in males. The risk of MSDs was higher in respondents who adopted avoidance and religious coping strategies compared with those who adopted active practical and distracting coping strategies. CONCLUSIONS: Stress among students could be significantly associated with MSDs depending on individuals' demographics, stressors, reactions to stress, and coping methods. Interventions to reduce stress-induced MSDs among students should consider these factors among others.

Ekpenyong CE; Daniel NE; Aribo EO

2013-07-01

187

The effects of personal resources and coping strategies on depression and anxiety in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Little is known about how personal resources and coping strategies influence depression and anxiety in patients with COPD. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of personal resources on the coping strategies and psychological responses and the mediating role of coping strategies on the relationship of personal resources to depression and anxiety in patients with COPD using a path model. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional correlational study. The participants were 209 patients diagnosed with COPD in South Korea. Personal resources were defined as knowledge of COPD, self-efficacy, and social support. Coping includes both problem-oriented and affect-oriented coping strategies. RESULTS: Higher levels of knowledge of the disease were associated with fewer depressive symptoms; and this relationship was partially mediated by problem-oriented coping strategies. Higher levels of self-efficacy were related to less depression and anxiety. Patients with more perceived social support experienced fewer depressive symptoms through the use of problem-oriented coping strategies. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that problem-oriented coping strategies may explain the mechanism of how knowledge of the disease and social support influence depressive symptoms for patients with COPD. Further interventions focusing on modifiable factors, including personal resources and problem-oriented coping strategies, are warranted to improve psychological outcomes for patients with COPD.

Lee H; Yoon JY; Kim I; Jeong YH

2013-08-01

188

The Coping Strategies Employed by Female College Athletes after Losing a Game  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine the coping strategies employed by university athletes who have lost in acompetition. A sample of ten hand ball women athletes (age between 21-24 years old) who represented one ofthe largest universities in Kuala Lumpur in the Malaysian Inter-varsity games agreed to participate in this study.All of the athletes have signed the consent letter, giving their permission for the interview to be recorded. Theresult for content analysis has identified two major dimensions; 1) how athletes cope, and 2) ways to cope. In thefirst dimension (how athletes cope), three major themes have emerged from the interview, which are socialsupport, problem solving, and doing other activities. On the other hand, the second dimension (ways to cope) hasidentified two major themes, which are concentration and self confidence. However, social support has beenclaimed by losing athletes as the main coping strategy used to overcome their grief after losing the competition.Suggestions are also recommended in the paper.

M.S Omar-Fauzee; Rozita Abd-Latif; Sulaiman Tajularipin; Rozita Manja; Raweewat Rattanakoses

2011-01-01

189

Infertility Stress: The Role of Coping Strategies, Personality Trait, and Social Support  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of coping strategies, personality trait and social support as the main social and psychological factors on infertility stress.Materials and methods: This study was conducted on 201 infertile Iranian women referred to the Vali-e-Asr Reproductive health Research Center, and completed the following questionnaires: The fertility problem inventory, measuring perceived infertility related stress (Newton CR, 1999), big five factor personality questionnaire (Farahani, 2009), multidimensional scale of perceived social support MSPS (Zimmet 1988), and multidimensional assessment of coping (Endler, 1990).The results were then analyzed using the Pearson Correlation and stepwise regression.Results: Infertility stress has negative and significant relation with emotion-oriented coping method, perceived social support and bring extrovert. It has a positive, significant relation with emotion-oriented coping method, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The results of the stepwise regression showed that emotion-oriented coping method, OCD and being extrovert are suitable predictors of infertility stress.Conclusion: About 22% of the infertility stress variance was explained by coping strategies and personality trait. Therefore our result demonstrates the importance of social and psychological factors on experiencing the infertility stress.

Batool Rashidi; Soheila Hosseini; Pooya Beigi; Mahya Ghazizadeh; Mohammad Naghi Farahani

2011-01-01

190

Estratégias de enfrentamento na reabilitação do traumatismo raquimedular Coping strategies in rehabilitation of spinal cord injury  

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Full Text Available Centros de pesquisa internacionais vêm realizando estudos sobre traumatismo raquimedular, no intuito de subsidiar intervenções voltadas para reabilitação e qualidade de vida de portadores de lesão medular. Assim, considerando os atuais interesses científicos e profissionais da Psicologia da Saúde, a presente investigação teve por objetivo compreender as estratégias de enfrentamento adotadas pelo paciente e seu familiar/acompanhante durante a participação em um programa de reabilitação. A amostra foi constituída por seis díades paciente/familiar. Os participantes foram avaliados, antes do ingresso no programa e ao seu término, através da aplicação da Escala de Modos de Enfrentar Problemas e de entrevista semi-estruturada. Os dados obtidos revelaram mudanças nas modalidades estratégicas empregadas entre a etapa de pré-reabilitação (religiosidade, pensamento positivo e busca de suporte social) e a etapa de pós-reabilitação (focalização no problema, pensamento positivo e busca de suporte social).International research centers are developing studies on spinal cord injury, aiming to improve rehabilitation-geared interventions and quality of life for patients. Considering the present scientific and professional interests of Health Psychology, this paper aims at comprehending the coping strategies adopted by patient and their families/caregivers during participation in a rehabilitation program. The sample included six patient/family dyads. Participants were assessed before entrance and at the end of the program, through of The Ways of Coping Checklist- Revised and a semi-structured interview. Data indicate changes in the applied coping modalities prior to rehabilitation (religiousness, positive thoughts and seeking social support) and after rehabilitation (problem-focused, positive thoughts and seeking social support).

Maria Eloá Moreira da Silva Martins Pereira; Tereza Cristina Cavalcanti Ferreira de Araujo

2005-01-01

191

Optimism-Pessimism and Coping Strategies: Prediction of Psychological Adjustment in Adolescents  

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Full Text Available  AbstractObjectives: Optimism plays a major role in coping with stressful life events. The purpose of the present study is to examine the influence of optimism on coping strategies and psychological adjustment in adole-scents. Method: In a correlational and causal-comparative study, 208 females and 147 males volunteers to university entrance examination through a random cluster sampling were selected. Four questionnaires of Life Orientation Test - Revised (LOT-R), Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WOCQ), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) were then administered to the subjects. Results: Optimists benefited greater problem-focused coping strategies compared to the pessimists. In addition, they had better general health (p<0.001) and life satisfaction (p<0.001). Regression analysis indicated that optimism-pessimism accounted for a significant amount of the variance (p<0.05) in coping strategies and psychological adjustment. Conclusion: These findings confirm the role of optimism in employing better psychological adjustment. 

Mohammad Hossein Mousavi Nasab; Mohammad Reza Taghavi

2007-01-01

192

Loneliness, coping strategies and cognitive styles of the gifted rural adolescent.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Loneliness, coping, and cognitive styles of 52 gifted adolescents from rural Nebraska were investigated via Woodward Loneliness and Kalyan-Masih Coping Inventories and Witkin's Group Embedded Figures Test. Fifty-one percent of the adolescents had a mean loneliness score above 2.60, which is the third highest among the 16 Nebraska groups studied. They were most lonely when rejected, alienated, isolated, and not in control of a situation. Most frequently, their coping strategies were: engaging in individual pursuits, extending social contacts, using cognitive reframing, and keeping busy. Less frequently, their strategies were: engaging in religious activities, seeking adult help, and using negative escape routes. The gifted adolescents were divided into field independent (FI) and field dependent (FD) according to their cognitive style. Some differences were noted. The FI adolescents were more lonely in a crowd, but the FD adolescents were more lonely when not with others. The FI adolescents engaged in individual pursuits and cognitive reframing, and the FD adolescents resorted to religious and physical activities or professional help as coping strategies. The FI adolescents showed more autonomy and self-reliance, while the FD adolescents relied more on external sources of support when coping with loneliness. Implications for counseling in home and school are discussed.

Woodward JC; Kalyan-Masih V

1990-01-01

193

Investigating determinants of out-of-pocket spending and strategies for coping with payments for healthcare in southeast Nigeria  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Out-of-pocket spending (OOPS) is the major payment strategy for healthcare in Nigeria. Hence, the paper assessed the determinants socio-economic status (SES) of OOPS and strategies for coping with payments for healthcare in urban, semi-urban and rural areas of southeast Nigeria. This paper provides information that would be required to improve financial accessibility and equity in financing within the public health care system. Methods The study areas were three rural and three urban areas from Ebonyi and Enugu states in South-east Nigeria. Cross-sectional survey using interviewer-administered questionnaires to randomly selected householders was the study tool. A socio-economic status (SES) index that was developed using principal components analysis was used to examine levels of inequity in OOPS and regression analysis was used to examine the determinants of use of OOPS. Results All the SES groups equally sought healthcare when they needed to. However, the poorest households were most likely to use low level and informal providers such as traditional healers, whilst the least poor households were more likely to use the services of higher level and formal providers such as health centres and hospitals. The better-off SES more than worse-off SES groups used OOPS to pay for healthcare. The use of own money was the commonest payment-coping mechanism in the three communities. The sales of movable household assets or land were not commonly used as payment-coping mechanisms. Decreasing SES was associated with increased sale of household assets to cope with payment for healthcare in one of the communities. Fee exemptions and subsidies were almost non-existent as coping mechanisms in this study Conclusions There is the need to reduce OOPS and channel and improve equity in healthcare financing by designing and implementing payment strategies that will assure financial risk protection of the poor such pre-payment mechanisms with government paying for the poor.

Onwujekwe Obinna E; Uzochukwu Benjamin SC; Obikeze Eric N; Okoronkwo Ijeoma; Ochonma Ogbonnia G; Onoka Chima A; Madubuko Grace; Okoli Chijioke

2010-01-01

194

‘Elastic band strategy’: women's lived experiences of coping with domestic violence in rural Indonesia  

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Full Text Available Background: Experiencing domestic violence is considered a chronic and stressful life event. A theoretical framework of coping strategies can be used to understand how women deal with domestic violence. Traditional values strongly influenced by religious teachings that interpret men as the leaders of women play an important role in the lives of Javanese women, where women are obliged to obey their husbands. Little is known about how sociocultural and psychosocial contexts influence the ways in which women cope with domestic violence. Objective: Our study aimed to deepen our understanding of how rural Javanese women cope with domestic violence. Our objective was to explore how the sociocultural context influences coping dynamics of women survivors of domestic violence in rural Purworejo. Design: A phenomenological approach was used to transform lived experiences into textual expressions of the coping dynamics of women survivors of domestic violence. Results: Experiencing chronic violence ruined the women's personal lives because of the associated physical, mental, psychosocial, and financial impairments. These chronic stressors led women to access external and internal resources to form coping strategies. Both external and internal factors prompted conflicting impulses to seek support, that is, to escape versus remain in the relationship. This strong tension led to a coping strategy that implied a long-term process of moving between actively opposing the violence and surrendering or tolerating the situation, resembling an elastic band that stretches in and out. Conclusions: Women survivors in Purworejo face a lack of institutional support and tend to have traditional beliefs that hamper their potential to stop the abuse. Although the women in this study were educated and economically independent, they still had difficulty mobilizing internal and external support to end the abuse, partly due to internalized gender norms.

Elli Nur Hayati; Malin Eriksson; Mohammad Hakimi; Ulf Högberg; Maria Emmelin

2013-01-01

195

Health status, coping strategies, and alexithymia in subjects with androgenetic alopecia: a questionnaire study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Androgenic alopecia (AGA) is viewed as a relatively mild dermatologic condition; however, affected individuals feel that alopecia is a serious condition with major consequences in their life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the health status, the risk of anxiety/depression, the coping strategies, and alexithymia in subjects with AGA. METHODS: Consecutive subjects referred to the outpatients department of the Istituto Dermopatico dell'Immacolata, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IDI IRCCS) dermatologic hospital with a diagnosis of AGA were enrolled. AGA was assessed using the Ludwig scale in female subjects and following Hamilton-Norwood's classification in male subjects. The questionnaires provided to the patient and collected before the visit were the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-12 (SF-12), the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), the Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced (COPE), and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20). Multiple logistic regressions were performed to examine the relationship of sociodemographic variables and clinical characteristics with coping. RESULTS: 351 subjects were enrolled during the study period. Sixty percent of female subjects with AGA were GHQ-12 positive (values ?4) compared with 32 % of male subjects with AGA. AGA male and AGA female subjects had a statistically worse score than non-AGA male subjects for the physical component summary (PCS) and the mental component summary (MCS) of the SF-12, and for the GHQ-12. Compared with male subjects, AGA female subjects were more likely to adopt an 'active emotional coping' strategy according to COPE scores, and less likely to have 'externally oriented thinking,' and more 'difficulty identifying feelings' according to the TAS-20 scores. In a logistic regression model, including sex, MCS, total TAS-20, and the COPE scores as independent variables and the AGA severity as a dependent variable, only sex had a significant odds ratio (OR) [13.32; 95 % CI 4.77-38.58, p < 0.001]. Female subjects were almost 13 times more likely to have more severe AGA than male subjects. In three other models (i.e., one for each coping category) which included sex, AGA severity, MCS, and TAS-20, the 'problem-focused coping' strategy was negatively associated with alexithymia (OR 0.48; 95 % CI 0.27-0.86, p = 0.01), the 'active emotional coping' strategy was associated with gender (women had an OR of 2.69; 95 % CI 1.5-4.8, p = 0.001), and the 'avoidant coping' strategy was associated with alexithymia (OR 4.12; 95 % CI 2.23-7.58, p < 0.001) and with lower MCS values (OR 0.37; 95 % CI 0.22-0.64, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The study confirmed the high prevalence of depression/anxiety in AGA subjects, with a significantly higher prevalence in AGA female than male subjects. It is interesting to observe that patients reactions to their AGA related more to the emotional and psychological states deriving from their alopecia than to the objective clinical rating. Avoidant coping strategies were selected more frequently by AGA subjects if they were GHQ-12 positive and had alexithymia. To have alexithymia modified all coping strategies in AGA female subjects but not in AGA male subjects. Physicians should be aware that the impact of AGA is not limited to symptoms, and should help people to deal with their emotional responses to alopecia, such as anger and worry, and their beliefs about the consequences of their condition, and how it will impact on their daily life.

Tabolli S; Sampogna F; di Pietro C; Mannooranparampil TJ; Ribuffo M; Abeni D

2013-04-01

196

Personality Affects Aspects of Health-Related Quality of Life in Parkinson's Disease via Psychological Coping Strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Personality traits influence health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Parkinson's disease (PD). Further, an individual's personality traits can influence the strategies they use to cope with a particular stressful situation. However, in PD, the interplay between personality traits, choice of coping strategy, and their subsequent effect on HRQoL remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine whether personality (neuroticism and extraversion) indirectly affects HRQoL through the use of specific psychological coping strategies. METHODS: One hundred and forty-six patients with PD completed questionnaires on personality (Big Five Aspects Scale; BFAS), coping (Ways of Coping Questionnaire; WCQ), and mood-specific (Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; DASS-21) and disease-specific HRQoL (Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire; PDQ-39). RESULTS: After controlling for gender, age at diagnosis, and age at testing, the emotion-focused coping strategy of escape-avoidance was significantly correlated with neuroticism and certain aspects of HRQoL (cognitive impairment and social support). This suggests that neurotic personality traits may negatively impact on some aspects of HRQoL due to an increased use of escape-avoidance coping strategies. By contrast, planned problem-solving and escape-avoidance coping strategies were both significantly linked to extraversion and interpersonal and mood-related domains of HRQoL. This suggests that extraversion may positively impact on some aspects of HRQoL due to patients adopting greater planned, problem-solving coping strategies, and using fewer escape-avoidance coping mechanisms. CONCLUSIONS: Psychological interventions aimed at targeting maladaptive coping strategies, such as the use of escape-avoidance coping, may be effective in minimising the negative impact of neuroticism on HRQoL in PD.

Whitworth SR; Loftus AM; Skinner TC; Gasson N; Barker RA; Bucks RS; Thomas MG

2013-01-01

197

Coping strategies after heart transplantation: psychological implications Estratégias de enfrentamento pós-transplante cardíaco: implicações psicológicas  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To investigate coping strategies used by patients submitted to heart transplantation and whether they are related to the perception of the disease and transplantation. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with quantitative and qualitative analysis. The sample of 32 patients was assessed by the Ways of Coping Scale and socio-demographic questionnaire, and five of them were selected for interviews. The internal consistency of the scale was assessed, the variables and strategies involved were crossed and content analysis of interviews, investigating the existence of a relationship with the speech of the participants. RESULTS: The individuals have used all coping styles, with a predominance of the problem-focused strategy. Psychologically prepared patients showed a statistically significant increase in the use of problem-focused coping and seek for social support. However, a significant increase in the use of emotion-focused coping was observed in patients who were not prepared. Analysis through the method of Bardin showed as categories: disease; reaction to call; transplantation; fantasies; postoperative; team and coping. CONCLUSION: Patients with a transplanted heart make use of all coping strategies, with a predominance of the problem-focused strategy. Psychologically prepared individuals used more active coping strategies, which highlights the importance of psychological support during the process.OBJETIVOS: Verificar as estratégias de enfrentamento utilizadas por indivíduos que tiveram o coração transplantado e suas relações com percepção da doença e do transplante. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com análise quantitativa e qualitativa. A amostra de 32 pacientes foi avaliada pela Escala Modos de Enfretamento de Problemas e questionário sociodemográfico; e cinco deles foram sorteados para entrevista. Realizou-se a avaliação da consistência interna da escala, cruzamentos entre as variáveis e os estilos de enfrentamento e a análise de conteúdo das entrevistas, relacionando os resultados ao discurso dos participantes. RESULTADOS: Os indivíduos utilizaram todos os estilos de enfrentamento, predominando o focalizado no problema. Nos participantes que receberam preparo psicológico, houve aumento estatisticamente significativo dos enfrentamentos focalizados no problema e na busca de suporte social. Entretanto, naqueles que não receberam preparo, houve aumento significativo da utilização do enfrentamento focalizado na emoção. Através do método de Bardin, revelaram-se como categorias: doença, reação ao chamado, transplante, fantasias, pós-operatório, equipe e enfrentamento. CONCLUSÕES: Os participantes utilizaram todos os estilos de enfrentamento, predominando a estratégia focalizada no problema. Os que receberam preparo psicológico usaram maior número de estratégias de enfrentamento ativas, o que evidencia a importância do acompanhamento psicológico durante o processo.

Paula Moraes Pfeifer; Patricia Pereira Ruschel; Solange Bordignon

2013-01-01

198

Coping strategies after heart transplantation: psychological implications/ Estratégias de enfrentamento pós-transplante cardíaco: implicações psicológicas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Verificar as estratégias de enfrentamento utilizadas por indivíduos que tiveram o coração transplantado e suas relações com percepção da doença e do transplante. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com análise quantitativa e qualitativa. A amostra de 32 pacientes foi avaliada pela Escala Modos de Enfretamento de Problemas e questionário sociodemográfico; e cinco deles foram sorteados para entrevista. Realizou-se a avaliação da consistência interna da es (more) cala, cruzamentos entre as variáveis e os estilos de enfrentamento e a análise de conteúdo das entrevistas, relacionando os resultados ao discurso dos participantes. RESULTADOS: Os indivíduos utilizaram todos os estilos de enfrentamento, predominando o focalizado no problema. Nos participantes que receberam preparo psicológico, houve aumento estatisticamente significativo dos enfrentamentos focalizados no problema e na busca de suporte social. Entretanto, naqueles que não receberam preparo, houve aumento significativo da utilização do enfrentamento focalizado na emoção. Através do método de Bardin, revelaram-se como categorias: doença, reação ao chamado, transplante, fantasias, pós-operatório, equipe e enfrentamento. CONCLUSÕES: Os participantes utilizaram todos os estilos de enfrentamento, predominando a estratégia focalizada no problema. Os que receberam preparo psicológico usaram maior número de estratégias de enfrentamento ativas, o que evidencia a importância do acompanhamento psicológico durante o processo. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To investigate coping strategies used by patients submitted to heart transplantation and whether they are related to the perception of the disease and transplantation. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with quantitative and qualitative analysis. The sample of 32 patients was assessed by the Ways of Coping Scale and socio-demographic questionnaire, and five of them were selected for interviews. The internal consistency of the scale was assessed, the variables and (more) strategies involved were crossed and content analysis of interviews, investigating the existence of a relationship with the speech of the participants. RESULTS: The individuals have used all coping styles, with a predominance of the problem-focused strategy. Psychologically prepared patients showed a statistically significant increase in the use of problem-focused coping and seek for social support. However, a significant increase in the use of emotion-focused coping was observed in patients who were not prepared. Analysis through the method of Bardin showed as categories: disease; reaction to call; transplantation; fantasies; postoperative; team and coping. CONCLUSION: Patients with a transplanted heart make use of all coping strategies, with a predominance of the problem-focused strategy. Psychologically prepared individuals used more active coping strategies, which highlights the importance of psychological support during the process.

Pfeifer, Paula Moraes; Ruschel, Patricia Pereira; Bordignon, Solange

2013-03-01

199

Development and Psychometrics of “Institutionalized Adolescents Spiritual Coping Scale”  

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Full Text Available AbstractObjectives: There are few scales developed to measure spiritual coping, which are not fit to the special situation and culture of Iranian adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable scale to measure spiritual coping in institutionalized adolescents. Method: This methodological research was conducted in two stages: qualitative and quantitative. In the qualitative stage to develop scale items, 15 semi-structured interviews were conducted with institutionalized adolescents. In the quantitative stage (psychometric testing), content validity index, face, construct and criterion-related validity as well as reliability coefficients (Cronbach’s alpha and test-retest) were assessed. Results: Exploratory factor analysis for assessing factor structure revealed that the three factors could explain 55.29% of the variance. Correlation of the scale scores with scores of “Institutionalized Adolescents Spiritual Attitude Scale” and “Hopefulness Scale for Adolescents” were 0.897 and 0.274 respectively. According to reliability measurement, internal consistency of the scale was coefficient alpha=0.964 and test-retest reliability with a 3-week time interval was 0.712. Conclusion: Institutionalized Adolescents Spiritual Coping Scale measures various dimensions of spiritual coping in this group of adolescents and has a high degree of reliability and validity.

Maryam Rassouli; Farideh Yaghmaie; Hamid Alavi Majd; Mansooreh Saeedolzakerin

2009-01-01

200

Evaluation of a Resilience Intervention to Enhance Coping Strategies and Protective Factors and Decrease Symptomatology  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: In this pilot study, the authors examined the effectiveness of a 4-week resilience intervention to enhance resilience, coping strategies, and protective factors, as well as decrease symptomatology during a period of increased academic stress. Participants and Methods: College students were randomly assigned to experimental (n = 30) and…

Steinhardt, Mary; Dolbier, Christyn

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Parent Retrospective Recollections of Bullying and Current Views, Concerns, and Strategies to Cope with Children's Bullying  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, parent history of bullying was examined in terms of general involvement with bullying, specific types of bullying experienced, level of hurtfulness associated with the experience, and when bullying occurred. Parent current views, levels of concern, and strategies used to cope with bullying were also evaluated. Finally, the…

Cooper, Leigh A.; Nickerson, Amanda B.

2013-01-01

202

ICT Students, Stress and Coping Strategies: English Perspective A Case Study of Midsize Middle Eastern University  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study evaluates the perceptions of stress among Information and Communications Technology (ICT) students and their coping strategies in dealing with English as the medium of instruction during their university studies. A semi-structured administered survey was conducted using a sample of 267 ma...

Y M Alginahi; M Ahmed; O Tayan; A A Siddiqi; L Sharif; A Alharby; R Nour

203

Marital Conflict and Children's Adjustment: The Mediating and Moderating Role of Children's Coping Strategies  

Science.gov (United States)

This prospective, longitudinal study examined the role of children's coping strategies in the link between interparental conflict and children's psychological adjustment. Using a sample of 100 parents and children aged 11-14 years, this study investigated children's venting of negative emotion, social support seeking, and problem solving…

Shelton, Katherine H.; Harold, Gordon T.

2007-01-01

204

Repartnering and (Re)employment: Strategies to Cope with the Economic Consequences of Partnership Dissolution  

Science.gov (United States)

The economic consequences of a partnership dissolution have been described consistently in the research literature. For women all studies indicate severe financial losses, whereas men do not experience income decreases to the same extent. This article focuses on the 2 main strategies to cope with the economic consequences of a separation:…

Jansen, Mieke; Mortelmans, Dimitri; Snoeckx, Laurent

2009-01-01

205

Mental health of Chinese nurses in Hong Kong: The roles of nursing stresses and coping strategies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examined the sources of stress and mental health of nurses in Hong Kong. It also attempted to explore the functions of coping strategies in determining the stress and mental health of nurses. Results showed that more than one-third of the nurses could be considered as having poor mental h...

Wong, DFK; Leung, SSK; So, CKO; Lam, DOB

206

Coping with a petroleum market surplus: strategies in the 1980s  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Speakers at this meeting addressed the following topics: the crude oil supply outlook; coping with petroleum market surplus; product demand and availability; the economics of refinery upgrading; automotive fuel trends; product marketing strategies; petroleum markets in the 1980's; and investment perspectives. (DMC)

1982-01-01

207

Family Roles and Coping Strategies of Female Students in Ghanaian Public Universities  

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Full Text Available A survey was conducted to identify the family roles female students in five public universities in Ghana played and the strategies they used to manage the roles while in school, to ensure academic excellence. Questionnaire was used to collect data in order to allow for a wide coverage and generalization. Family roles performed by the students while in school were found to include: running errands; meal provision; fulfilling marital obligations; decision making; laundering; settling disputes; cleaning; supervising domestic work; shopping; helping children to do school assignments; financial support; disciplining children; fetching water; mending clothes; child, elderly and invalid care; and leading religious activities. Coping strategies adopted by the students to manage these family roles and academic work were: creation of new social boundaries; delegation of roles; acting in context; prioritizing activities; postponing responsibilities; pre-planning activities; dovetailing family and academic work. Mature and married students had more family roles to play than non-mature and single students. It is recommended that Ghanaian universities should strategies for retention and academic excellence of female students to make gender equity meaningful. Consequently, the universities have to create a continuum of services that will reduce the time female students spend on non-academic issues to enable them concentrate on their intellectual development.

Phyllis Forster; Christina Offei-Ansah

2012-01-01

208

The Relation of Alexithymia and Cognitive /Behavioral Coping Strategies with Psychological Vulnerability of Women with Somatization Disorder  

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Full Text Available Background: There is little information about the relationship of alexithymia and cognitive/behavioral coping strategies with psychological vulnerability. The recent studies indicate that alexithymia and coping strategies affect psychological vulnerability. The present study aims to determine the relationship of alexithymia and cognitive/behavioral coping strategies with psychological vulnerability of women with somatization disorder. Materials and Methods: The samples of this study included 120 patients with somatization disorder who were selected as convenience sampling among those who attended the psychology centers of Ardabil. Pain coping questionnaire, alexithymia questionnaire, and symptom questionnaire were used to collect the information. The research data were analyzed using the Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analysis methods. Results: The results indicated that there are significant correlations between alexithymia (r = 0.52), cognitive coping strategies (r = -0.27), behavioral coping strategies (r = -0.33) and psychological vulnerability of women with somatization disorder. The results of step-by-step multivariate regression analysis suggested that alexithymia and cognitive/ behavioral coping strategies clarifies 37 percent of the variance of psychological vulnerability of women with somatization disorder.Conclusion: These findings indicate that cognitive/behavioral coping strategies and alexithymia are associated to psychological vulnerability of women with somatization disorder. In addition, these results have special application in prevention, pathology as well as psychotherapy of this disorder.

Abbas Abolghasemi; Soheyla Meysami Bonab

2012-01-01

209

Defense Mechanisms and Coping Strategies in Individuals with Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder  

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Full Text Available AbstractObjectives: The comparison of defence mechanisms and coping strategies in individuals with generalized anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder and normal subjects was the aim of the present study. Method: The statistical population of the present study included individuals with generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder and normal subjects who had presented to public and private psychiatric consultation centers in the city of Ardabil (Iran) and had been diagnosed by psy-chiatrists according to DSM-IV criteria. 171 individuals from among the subjects presenting to eight centers were selected using structured sampling. In this retrospective, causal-comparitive and correlational study, Folkman and Lazarus Coping Strategies Questionnaire and Defense Mechanisms Questionnaire were used for gathering data. Data were analyzed through two factor variance analysis, the Least Statistical Difference (LSD) test and Pearson’s correlation test. Results: There was no significant difference in the mean scores of coping strategies between subjects with generalized anxiety disorder and those with major depressive disorder, but the mean score of avoidance coping was higher in the first group than the second (p<0.05). On the other hand, the subjects with the above-mentioned disorders had a lower mean score of social support seeking coping in comparison with normal individuals (p<0.001). The mean score of highly adaptive defensive mechanisms was higher in subjects with generalized anxiety compared to subjects with major depression (p<0.05). Also, the mean scores of negative levels, function, disorganized defense and psychological avoidance were higher in the second group in comparison with the first (p<0.04). Conclusion: Maladaptive defence machanisms have a higher mean in major depressive disorder. However, the mean of avoidance coping is higher in generalized anxiety disorder compared to major depressive disorder. Therefore, attempting to decrease the application of avoidance coping and increasing the use of problem oriented coping instead of emotion oriented coping can cause a reduction in the experience of depression and anxiety in both sexes.

Zargham Nezamzadeh; Hossein Ghamari Givi

2008-01-01

210

Personality, cognitive coping strategies, and adaptational outcomes in a sample from the general Spanish population.  

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The relationship among scores on two personality dimensions, Emotional Stability and Extraversion, and on two cognitive coping strategies, Positive Thinking and Wishful Thinking, and on the Consequences of Coping scale were examined in 169 Spanish persons (78 men and 91 women; Mage = 36.3 yr., SD = 12.1). Positive Thinking was associated with high scores on the two personality dimensions and positive consequences, whereas Wishful Thinking was associated with low scores on both Emotional Stability and Extraversion and with negative consequences. PMID:18982936

Ruiz, Víctor M

2008-08-01

211

The strategies of coping with stress in workplace used by surgeons working in different hospitals: a pilotage research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

THE AIM OF THE STUDY: was an evaluating the frequency for adapting different strategies within the group of surgeons to cope up with stress and determining the differentiation on their usage depending on the type of the hospital unit and social-demographic variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The samples were 40 surgeons from hospitals. Following research methods were applied: 1. Latack Coping Scale was used to investigate the strategies of coping with stress; 2. Personal questionnaire was used to obtain general social-demographic data about subjects. RESULTS: The Latack scale is a reliable tool for testing work related stress coping strategies within a group of surgeons. Active strategies are more common than avoiding strategies. Surgeons mostly use Direct action and Positive thinking strategy in coping with stress at work. In turn, Alcohol use strategy is rarely use by subjects to solve difficult professional situations. The lack of significant differences in frequency of usage of particular strategies in correlation with the hospital type was observed. There is positive correlation which is statistically significant between analyzed social-demographic variables and usage of Avoidance/Resignation strategy within examined surgeons. The more experienced, older people are, the more likely it is that they will use this strategy in stressful situations. CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons usually use adaptive strategies in coping with stress at work.

Basi?ska MA; Dziewi?tkowska-Koz?owska K

2012-02-01

212

Factors determining household expenditure for tuberculosis and coping strategies in Tajikistan.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors influencing expenditure levels and the use of potentially detrimental coping strategies among tuberculosis (TB) patients. For the purpose of the present study, potentially detrimental coping strategies included borrowing money and selling assets. METHOD: Questionnaire survey with an initial and a follow-up interview of each adult new pulmonary TB case registered over a period of 4 months, conducted in 12 districts with DOTS in Tajikistan, one of the poorest countries in the world. RESULTS: Patients and their households faced mean expenditures of US$ 396 related to a TB episode. In multivariate mixed-effect regression models, the main determinants of out-of-pocket payments-either over the whole course of the disease or after enrolment in DOTS treatment-were 'complimentary treatment' besides the anti-TB drugs, duration of hospitalization and treatment delay. Complimentary treatment mainly consisted of vitamins and rehydrating infusions. Sex showed no association with expenditure. To cope with the costs of illness, two-thirds of patients employed a potentially detrimental coping strategy. TB patients raised on average US$ 23 through loans with interest, US$ 57 through loans without interest and US$ 102 through selling assets. CONCLUSION: The catastrophic out-of-pocket payments faced by TB patients are correlated with receiving complimentary treatment, delay to treatment and duration of hospitalisation. The widespread use of potentially detrimental coping strategies illustrates that TB constitutes a substantial risk of impoverishment. More parsimonious use of complimentary treatment and hospitalisation could reduce illness-related costs for patients and should be carefully considered.

Ayé R; Wyss K; Abdualimova H; Saidaliev S

2011-03-01

213

An experimental study of behavioural coping strategies in free-ranging female Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A fundamental goal of stress research is to understand how individuals cope with challenges. Studies on a range of vertebrate species suggest that three groups of behaviour--affiliative, aggressive and self-directed behaviours--serve as coping strategies. To date, experimental studies of coping behaviour have tended to be conducted in captive conditions; the limited number of studies in free-ranging or wild settings have been observational in nature. We investigated coping behaviours in free-ranging female Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus) at Trentham Monkey Forest, UK, using an experimental playback approach to quantify subjects' responses to mildly aversive threat-grunts. Compared to silent control trials, playbacks of threat-grunts increased aggressive behaviours and one of the two self-directed behaviours examined (self-scratching). No such differences were seen for self-grooming, or for any affiliative behaviour. Elevations in the rate of one measure of aggression, lunging, were positively related to an average measure of adrenocortical activity (median faecal glucocorticoid metabolite levels over the study period). Evidence from females in a variety of Old World monkey species, including Barbary macaques, indicates that affiliative behaviours have an important role in coping with stressful events in the medium to longer term. Our results suggest that, in the short term, female Barbary macaques may use aggressive rather than affiliative behaviours in response to mild stress. These findings highlight the importance of considering how coping mechanisms may vary over time after a stressor, and how coping mechanisms relate to adrenocortical activity. Playback approaches like ours provide a powerful, flexible tool to explore issues such as this in free-ranging and wild animal populations.

Gustison ML; MacLarnon A; Wiper S; Semple S

2012-11-01

214

An Exploratory Study on Coping Strategies of Confronting Difficult Patrons: The Case of University Circulation Librarians  

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Full Text Available The coping strategies utilized by front-line serving circulation librarians might positively or negatively affect the image of a certain library organization. And every tactic adopted is in fact integrated with the manipulation and modification of the circulation librarian’s emotional labor. Therefore, from the perspective on “emotional labor”, this study attempts to employ semi-structured in-depth interviews with 23 university circulation librarians in Taiwan, thereby analyzing their coping strategies when encountering different types of difficult patrons. In doing so, this study aims to better university library administrators’ understanding of circulation librarians’ circumstance of dealing with difficult patrons and of their emotional labor, thus enhancing appropriate organizational strategies for emotional management and overall quality of library service.

Chen Su-may Sheih

2012-01-01

215

[Quality of life and coping strategies caharacteristics within war torture survivors].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The aim of this research is evaluation of the life quality and the coping strategies of the war torture survivors, which were included in the multidisciplinary rehabilitation program in the Center for torture victims in Sarajevo. METHOD: The research is analytical-descriptive and retrospective. In the study we used the sample consisting of 48 persons who survived the war torture. Two instruments were used in the research: for the evaluation of the life quality we used the Manchester Quality of Life Scale (MANSA), and the other instrument is the reviewed (according to Ljubotina) original Lazarus-Folkman Coping Scale. RESULTS: The results related to the life quality are showing that evaluating satisfaction with life as a whole where the largest score in the total sample is achieved by the answer "both satisfied and unsatisfied". The results show a high score of discontent with financial situation, and a prevailing satisfaction with accommodation. Significant data are related to prevailing satisfaction with life within the family. The examinees, largely males, showed "mostly unsatisfied" with their somatic health, while the situation with evaluation of the mental health with both genders and in total sample was estimated as "mostly unsatisfied" and as "both satisfied and unsatisfied". The results that emerged from applying the Coping Scale show that in the total sample, especially more expressed in females, social support is used as a coping strategy in post trauma conditions. The lowest score is achieved in the subscale of avoidance/escape. DISCUSSION: Results of this study related to quality of life characteristics within war torture survivors indicates moderate satisfaction with life generally, and emphasizes lower satisfaction with their financial situation. It is very important to be stressed out high level of satisfaction with relationship with family members. According to the results of the study it is clear that difficult socioeconomic conditions in post war period significantly influence satisfaction with life in general, and impact of such conditions on somatic and mental health of war torture survivors. Results obtained at Coping scale shows the most frequent coping strategies employed by torture survivors in post war circumstances is asking for social support, especially within female part of sample, which is usual in such conditions. It is obvious that adaptive coping strategies are employed more than non adaptive ones which represent positive and expected treatment outcome. Negative correlation between coping by avoidance and some items at Quality of life scale indicates that as more persons avoid coping with currant difficulties in post war conditions less they have possibilities that using their current resources improve quality of life. At the other hand, positive correlation of some items at Quality of life scale and Distance subscale at Coping scale represent torture survivors currant strength to be engaged in some useful activities, distancing them self's from actual stressors, which is expressed at Quality of life scale results. CONCLUSIONS: According to the results of this study it could be concluded that torture survivors after completed multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment express: * Moderate satisfaction with the life generally, especially in the fields of life which are not directly connected with complex circumstances of the posttraumatic environment. * Clear need for longer duration of multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment regarding the results which are related to satisfaction with physical and mental health. * Using more adaptive coping strategies than those directed to emotions, indicated increased relying upon own resources. * The obtained results could be used as the outcome measure after six months duration of multidisciplinary treatment.

Salci? D; Kucukali? A; Mehmedbasi? AB

2007-01-01

216

Coping strategies to manage acculturative stress: meaningful activity participation, social support, and positive emotion among Korean immigrant adolescents in the USA.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

During acculturation, Asian immigrant adolescents have numerous challenges such as language barriers, cultural and ethnic differences, different school environments, discrimination experiences, and intergroup conflicts and tension. These challenges generate acculturative stress, which negatively affects the perception of health and well-being among Asian immigrant adolescents. This article explored how Asian immigrant adolescents perceive and cope with acculturative stress. In particular, this study examined the stress-coping strategies in the adaptation process as experienced by Korean immigrant adolescents. Three main themes associated with the stress-coping strategies were captured: (a) engagement in meaningful activities; (b) social support; and (c) positive emotion. This finding implies that Asian immigrant adolescents create and develop their own strategies to deal with acculturative stress, which results in a sense of happiness and psychological well-being. This study discuss the future implications on how to improve the perception of health and well-being among Asian immigrant adolescents.

Kim J; Suh W; Kim S; Gopalan H

2012-01-01

217

Coping strategies to manage acculturative stress: Meaningful activity participation, social support, and positive emotion among Korean immigrant adolescents in the USA  

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Full Text Available During acculturation, Asian immigrant adolescents have numerous challenges such as language barriers, cultural and ethnic differences, different school environments, discrimination experiences, and intergroup conflicts and tension. These challenges generate acculturative stress, which negatively affects the perception of health and well-being among Asian immigrant adolescents. This article explored how Asian immigrant adolescents perceive and cope with acculturative stress. In particular, this study examined the stress-coping strategies in the adaptation process as experienced by Korean immigrant adolescents. Three main themes associated with the stress-coping strategies were captured: (a) engagement in meaningful activities; (b) social support; and (c) positive emotion. This finding implies that Asian immigrant adolescents create and develop their own strategies to deal with acculturative stress, which results in a sense of happiness and psychological well-being. This study discuss the future implications on how to improve the perception of health and well-being among Asian immigrant adolescents.

Junhyoung Kim; Wonseok Suh; Sooyeon Kim; Himanshu Gopalan

2012-01-01

218

Predictors of intimate partner violence revictimization: the relative impact of distinct PTSD symptoms, dissociation, and coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Psychological distress and coping strategies following intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization may impact survivors' risk for future IPV. The current study prospectively examined the impact of distinct posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters (reexperiencing, avoidance, numbing, and hyperarousal), dissociation, and coping strategies (engagement and disengagement coping) on IPV revictimization among recently abused women. Women (N = 69) who were seeking services for IPV and experienced their most recent episode of physical IPV between 2 weeks and 6 months prior to study enrollment completed measures of physical IPV, psychological distress, and coping strategies at baseline and at 6-month follow-up. The women averaged 36 years of age and 67% of the sample was African American. Separate Poisson regression analyses revealed that PTSD hyperarousal symptoms, dissociation, engagement coping, and disengagement coping each significantly predicted physical IPV revictimization at the 6-month follow-up (with effect sizes ranging from a 1.20-1.34 increase in the likelihood of Time 2 physical IPV with a 1 SD increase in the predictor). When these significant predictors were examined together in a single Poisson regression model, only engagement and disengagement coping were found to predict physical IPV revictimization such that disengagement coping was associated with higher revictimization risk (1.29 increase in the likelihood of Time 2 physical IPV with one SD increase in disengagement coping) and engagement coping was associated with lower revictimization risk (1.30 decrease in the likelihood of Time 2 physical IPV with one SD increase in engagement coping). The current findings suggest that coping strategies are important and potentially malleable predictors of physical IPV revictimization.

Iverson KM; Litwack SD; Pineles SL; Suvak MK; Vaughn RA; Resick PA

2013-02-01

219

Balancing between autonomy and support: coping strategies by patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.  

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) makes a strong psychological impact, and the study of efforts by patients to cope with the course of the disease could be an important first step in the optimisation of care treatment. With this aim, in our study we assessed the coping strategies by a population of ALS patients, according to some clinical parameters and the worsening of the disease. We have administered the MND coping scale to 62 patients, firstly at the admission to our neurorehabilitation unit and secondly after 1year. Each factor score has been related to age and progression of the disease, and comparisons between males and females have also been made. The increasing relevance of seeking support from families and technological devices is probably the most interesting finding: such a result stimulates remarkable considerations about the proper balance between such support and patients' autonomy. As a whole, data confirm the importance of a proper and well-timed psychological intervention for patients and their families. In detail, improving adaptive coping strategies, together with sustaining those which tend to weaken along the progression of the disease, could be an important goal in psychological counselling for both patients and family members. PMID:22819354

Tramonti, Francesco; Bongioanni, Paolo; Fanciullacci, Chiara; Rossi, Bruno

2012-07-20

220

Balancing between autonomy and support: coping strategies by patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) makes a strong psychological impact, and the study of efforts by patients to cope with the course of the disease could be an important first step in the optimisation of care treatment. With this aim, in our study we assessed the coping strategies by a population of ALS patients, according to some clinical parameters and the worsening of the disease. We have administered the MND coping scale to 62 patients, firstly at the admission to our neurorehabilitation unit and secondly after 1year. Each factor score has been related to age and progression of the disease, and comparisons between males and females have also been made. The increasing relevance of seeking support from families and technological devices is probably the most interesting finding: such a result stimulates remarkable considerations about the proper balance between such support and patients' autonomy. As a whole, data confirm the importance of a proper and well-timed psychological intervention for patients and their families. In detail, improving adaptive coping strategies, together with sustaining those which tend to weaken along the progression of the disease, could be an important goal in psychological counselling for both patients and family members.

Tramonti F; Bongioanni P; Fanciullacci C; Rossi B

2012-09-01

 
 
 
 
221

Stress Reactions and Coping Strategies among Bedouin Arab Adolescents Exposed to Demolition of Houses.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to examine emotional reactions and coping strategies of Bedouin adolescents against the backdrop of house demolitions in the unrecognized Bedouin villages in the Negev, Israel. We compared two groups of adolescents living in unrecognized Bedouin villages, teenagers whose houses had been destroyed (acute?+?chronic group) and their counterparts whose houses had not been destroyed (chronic group). Data were gathered during October to December 2010 from 465 Bedouin adolescents aged 13-18?years. Adolescents filled out self-report questionnaires, which included demographics, objective and subjective exposure to house demolition, state anxiety, state anger, psychological distress and Adolescent Coping Scale. Results show differences between the two groups in stress reactions as well as in objective exposure to house demolition with the acute?+?chronic group reporting more stress and more exposure. In addition, different variables explained stress reactions in the different groups. Whereas in the acute?+?chronic group, objective and subjective exposure were the most significant variables, in the chronic group, the coping strategies explained stress with more variance. Results are discussed in terms of differentiating between types of stress, chronic versus acute?+?chronic and in relation to the interactionist model of coping with stress. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Braun-Lewensohn O; Sagy S; Al Said H

2013-08-01

222

Interview and translation strategies: coping with multilingual settings and data  

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Full Text Available Central Eastern Europe, the research area this paper is concerned with, is a region characterized by a high diversity of languages and cultures. It is, at the same time, an area where political, cultural and social conflicts have emerged over time, nowadays especially in border zones, where people of different ethnic, cultural or linguistic background live. In this context, it is important for us researchers to get balanced interview data, and consequently we very often have to conduct interviews in several different languages and within changing cultural contexts. In order to avoid "communication problems" or even conflictual (interview) situations, which might damage the outcome of the research, we are thus challenged to find appropriate communication strategies for any of these situations. This is especially difficult when we are confronted with language or culture-specific terminology or taboo expressions that carry political meaning(s). Once the interview data is collected and it comes to translating and analysing it, we face further challenges and new questions arise. First of all, we have to decide what a good translation strategy would be. Many words and phrases that exist in one language do not have an exact equivalent in another. Therefore we have to find a solution for translating these expressions and concepts in a way that their meanings do not get "lost by translation". In this paper I discuss and provide insights to these challenges by presenting and discussing numerous examples from the region in question. Specifically, I focus on the deconstruction of the meaning of geographical names and politically loaded expressions in order to show the sensitivities of language, the difficulties of research in multilingual settings and with multilingual data as well as the strategies or "ways out" of certain dilemmas.

B. Filep

2009-01-01

223

Adaptive coping strategies in patients with chronic pain conditions and their interpretation of disease  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background We examined which adaptive coping strategies, referring to the concept of 'locus of disease control', were of relevance for patients with chronic pain conditions, and how they were interconnected with patients' life satisfaction and interpretation of disease. Methods In a multicenter cross-sectional anonymous survey with the AKU questionnaire, we enrolled 579 patients (mean age 54 ± 14 years) with various chronic pain conditions. Results Disease as an adverse interruption of life was the prevalent interpretation of chronic pain conditions. As a consequence, patients relied on external powerful sources to control their disease (i.e., Trust in Medical Help; Search for Information and Alternative Help), but also on internal powers and virtues (i.e., Conscious Way of Living; Positive Attitudes). In contrast, Trust in Divine Help as an external transcendent source and Reappraisal: Illness as Chance as an internal (cognitive) strategy were valued moderately. Regression analyses indicated that Positive Attitudes and higher age were significant predictors of patients' life satisfaction, but none of the other adaptive coping strategies. While the adaptive coping strategies were not associated with negative interpretations of disease, the cognitive reappraisal attitude was of significant relevance for positive interpretations such as value and challenge. Conclusions The experience of illness may enhance intensity and depth of life, and thus one may explain the association between internal adaptive coping strategies (particularly Reappraisal) and positive interpretations of disease. To restore a sense of self-control over pain (and thus congruence with the situation), and the conviction that one is not necessarily disabled by disease, is a major task in patient care. In the context of health services research, apart from effective pain management, a comprehensive approach is needed which enhances the psycho-spiritual well-being of patients.

Büssing Arndt; Ostermann Thomas; Neugebauer Edmund AM; Heusser Peter

2010-01-01

224

Interview and translation strategies: coping with multilingual settings and data  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Central Eastern Europe, the research area this paper is concerned with, is a region characterized by a high diversity of languages and cultures. It is, at the same time, an area where political, cultural and social conflicts have emerged over time, nowadays especially in border zones, where people of different ethnic, cultural or linguistic background live. In this context, it is important for us researchers to get balanced interview data, and consequently we very often have to conduct interviews in several different languages and within changing cultural contexts. In order to avoid misunderstandings, we are thus challenged to find appropriate communication strategies for any of these situations. This is especially difficult when we are confronted with language or culture-specific terminology or taboo expressions that carry political meaning(s). Once the interview data is collected and it comes to translating and analysing it, we face further challenges and new questions arise. First of all, we have to decide what a good translation strategy would be. Many words and phrases that exist in one language do not have an exact equivalent in another. Therefore we have to find a solution for translating these expressions and concepts in a way that their meanings do not get "lost by translation". In this paper I discuss and provide insights to these challenges by presenting and discussing numerous examples from the region in question.

B. Filep

2009-01-01

225

Voices of strength and struggle: women's coping strategies against spousal violence in Pakistan.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article documents the coping strategies adopted by women victims of spousal violence in Pakistan. By drawing on 21 in-depth interviews conducted in Lahore and Sialkot (Pakistan), we found that the women tried to cope with violence by using various strategies, both emotion focused (e.g., use of religion, placating the husband, etc.) and problem focused (e.g., seeking support from formal institutions, etc.). The data showed that a majority of the women used emotion-focused strategies, especially spiritual therapies, which somehow reduced the violence and provided them with psychosocial solace. Nonetheless, these strategies incurred some costs, such as the consumption of scarce resources, time, and emotional energy. Our data also showed that few women opted for problem-focused strategies, such as seeking help from formal institutions, as these strategies could lead to overt confrontation with their husbands and may result in divorce, the outcome least desired by most of the Pakistani women. We noted that the coping behavior of Pakistani women was complex, subjective, and nonlinear and that the boundaries between emotion-focused and problem-focused strategies were diffuse and blurred. Although the women never surrendered to violence, they were fully aware of their structural limitations and vulnerabilities. Being mindful of the consequences of their actions, women carefully tailored a combination of strategies which could be helpful in resisting or reducing violence but, at the same time, should not be counterproductive. This article argues that Pakistani women alone cannot effectively resist violence while living under a harshly patriarchal regime, where violence against women is embedded in the social, political, and legal structures of society. There are no quick fixes to change the status quo. The Pakistani government, civil society, and formal institutions must proactively support women in reducing their vulnerabilities and facilitate them in expanding their capabilities to address the real causes of violence against them.

Zakar R; Zakar MZ; Krämer A

2012-11-01

226

Psychometric Evaluation of a Coping Strategies Inventory Short-Form (CSI-SF) in the Jackson Heart Study Cohort  

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This study sought to establish the psychometric properties of a Coping Strategies Inventory Short Form (CSISF) by examining coping skills in the Jackson Heart Study cohort. We used exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson’s correlation, and Cronbach Alpha to examine reliability and...

Clifton C. Addison; Brenda W. Campbell-Jenkins; Daniel F. Sarpong; Jeffery Kibler; Madhu Singh; Patricia Dubbert

227

Understanding recovery in children following traffic-related injuries: Exploring acute traumatic stress reactions, child coping, and coping assistance.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Millions of children incur potentially traumatic physical injuries every year. Most children recover well from their injury but many go on to develop persistent traumatic stress reactions. This study aimed to describe children's coping and coping assistance (i.e., the ways in which parents and peers help children cope) strategies and to explore the association between coping and acute stress reactions following an injury. Children (N = 243) rated their acute traumatic stress reactions within one month of injury and reported on coping and coping assistance six months later. Parents completed a measure of coping assistance at the six-month assessment. Children used an average of five to six coping strategies (out of 10), with wishful thinking, social support, and distraction endorsed most frequently. Child coping was associated with parent and peer coping assistance strategies. Significant acute stress reactions were related to subsequent child use of coping strategies (distraction, social withdrawal, problem-solving, blaming others) and to child report of parent use of distraction (as a coping assistance strategy). Findings suggest that children's acute stress reactions may influence their selection of coping and coping assistance strategies. To best inform interventions, research is needed to examine change in coping behaviors and coping assistance over time, including potential bidirectional relationships between trauma reactions and coping.

Marsac ML; Donlon KA; Hildenbrand AK; Winston FK; Kassam-Adams N

2013-05-01

228

French college students' sports practice and its relations with stress, coping strategies and academic success.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

College students at university have to face several stress factors. Although sports practice has been considered as having beneficial effects upon stress and general health, few studies have documented its influence on this specific population. The aim of this comparative study was to determine whether the intensity of the college students' sports practice (categorized into three groups: rare, regular, or intensive) would influence their levels of stress and self-efficacy, their coping strategies, and their academic success/failure. Three self-completion questionnaires were administered to 1071 French freshmen during their compulsory medical visit at the preventive medicine service of the university. Results indicated that students with intensive sport practice reported lower scores of general stress, academic stress, and emotion-focused coping strategies, and higher scores of self-efficacy than those with rare practice. However, the proportion of successful students did not differ significantly between the three groups of sports practice.

Décamps G; Boujut E; Brisset C

2012-01-01

229

French college students' sports practice and its relations with stress, coping strategies and academic success.  

Science.gov (United States)

College students at university have to face several stress factors. Although sports practice has been considered as having beneficial effects upon stress and general health, few studies have documented its influence on this specific population. The aim of this comparative study was to determine whether the intensity of the college students' sports practice (categorized into three groups: rare, regular, or intensive) would influence their levels of stress and self-efficacy, their coping strategies, and their academic success/failure. Three self-completion questionnaires were administered to 1071 French freshmen during their compulsory medical visit at the preventive medicine service of the university. Results indicated that students with intensive sport practice reported lower scores of general stress, academic stress, and emotion-focused coping strategies, and higher scores of self-efficacy than those with rare practice. However, the proportion of successful students did not differ significantly between the three groups of sports practice. PMID:22514544

Décamps, Greg; Boujut, Emilie; Brisset, Camille

2012-04-11

230

Implementing market-based reforms in the English NHS: bureaucratic coping strategies and social embeddedness.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper reports findings from an ethnographic study that explored how market-based policies were implemented in one local health economy in England. We identified a number of coping strategies employed by local agents in response to multiple, rapidly changing and often contradictory central policies. These included prioritising the most pressing concern, relabelling existing initiatives as new policy and using new policies as a lever to realise local objectives. These coping strategies diluted the impact of market-based reforms. The impact of market-based policies was also tempered by the persistence of local social relationships in the form of 'sticky' referral patterns and agreements between organisations not to compete. Where national market-based policies disrupted local relationships they produced unintended consequences by creating an adversarial environment that prevented collaboration.

Jones L; Exworthy M; Frosini F

2013-06-01

231

Implementing market-based reforms in the English NHS: bureaucratic coping strategies and social embeddedness.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports findings from an ethnographic study that explored how market-based policies were implemented in one local health economy in England. We identified a number of coping strategies employed by local agents in response to multiple, rapidly changing and often contradictory central policies. These included prioritising the most pressing concern, relabelling existing initiatives as new policy and using new policies as a lever to realise local objectives. These coping strategies diluted the impact of market-based reforms. The impact of market-based policies was also tempered by the persistence of local social relationships in the form of 'sticky' referral patterns and agreements between organisations not to compete. Where national market-based policies disrupted local relationships they produced unintended consequences by creating an adversarial environment that prevented collaboration. PMID:23601569

Jones, Lorelei; Exworthy, Mark; Frosini, Francesca

2013-04-16

232

Health-related quality of life, optimism, and coping strategies in persons suffering from localized scleroderma.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The clinical course of localized scleroderma may consist of bodily deformations, and bodily functions may also be affected. Additionally, the secondary lesions, such as discoloration, contractures, and atrophy, are unlikely to regress. The aforementioned symptoms and functional disturbances may decrease one's quality of life (QoL). Although much has been mentioned in the medical literature regarding QoL in persons suffering from dermatologic diseases, no data specifically describing patients with localized scleroderma exist. The aim of the study was to explore QoL in localized scleroderma patients and to examine their coping strategies in regard to optimism and QoL. The study included 41 patients with localized scleroderma. QoL was evaluated using the SKINDEX questionnaire, and levels of dispositional optimism were assessed using the Life Orientation Test-Revised. In addition, individual coping strategy was determined using the Mini-MAC scale and physical condition was assessed using the Localized Scleroderma Severity Index. The mean QoL score amounted to 51.10 points, with mean scores for individual components as follows: symptoms?=?13.49 points, emotions?=?21.29 points, and functioning?=?16.32 points. A relationship was detected between QoL and the level of dispositional optimism as well as with coping strategies known as anxious preoccupation and helplessness-hopelessness. Higher levels of optimism predicted a higher general QoL. In turn, greater intensity of anxious preoccupied and helpless-hopeless behaviors predicted a lower QoL. Based on these results, it may be stated that localized scleroderma patients have a relatively high QoL, which is accompanied by optimism as well as a lower frequency of behaviors typical of emotion-focused coping strategies.

Szramka-Pawlak B; Da?czak-Pazdrowska A; Rzepa T; Szewczyk A; Sadowska-Przytocka A; Zaba R

2013-02-01

233

Health-related quality of life, optimism, and coping strategies in persons suffering from localized scleroderma.  

Science.gov (United States)

The clinical course of localized scleroderma may consist of bodily deformations, and bodily functions may also be affected. Additionally, the secondary lesions, such as discoloration, contractures, and atrophy, are unlikely to regress. The aforementioned symptoms and functional disturbances may decrease one's quality of life (QoL). Although much has been mentioned in the medical literature regarding QoL in persons suffering from dermatologic diseases, no data specifically describing patients with localized scleroderma exist. The aim of the study was to explore QoL in localized scleroderma patients and to examine their coping strategies in regard to optimism and QoL. The study included 41 patients with localized scleroderma. QoL was evaluated using the SKINDEX questionnaire, and levels of dispositional optimism were assessed using the Life Orientation Test-Revised. In addition, individual coping strategy was determined using the Mini-MAC scale and physical condition was assessed using the Localized Scleroderma Severity Index. The mean QoL score amounted to 51.10 points, with mean scores for individual components as follows: symptoms?=?13.49 points, emotions?=?21.29 points, and functioning?=?16.32 points. A relationship was detected between QoL and the level of dispositional optimism as well as with coping strategies known as anxious preoccupation and helplessness-hopelessness. Higher levels of optimism predicted a higher general QoL. In turn, greater intensity of anxious preoccupied and helpless-hopeless behaviors predicted a lower QoL. Based on these results, it may be stated that localized scleroderma patients have a relatively high QoL, which is accompanied by optimism as well as a lower frequency of behaviors typical of emotion-focused coping strategies. PMID:23398519

Szramka-Pawlak, B; Da?czak-Pazdrowska, A; Rzepa, T; Szewczyk, A; Sadowska-Przytocka, A; Zaba, R

2013-02-11

234

Cardiopatia fetal e estratégias de enfrentamento/ Fetal heart disease and coping strategies  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Avaliar as estratégias de enfrentamento (coping) das gestantes frente ao diagnóstico de cardiopatia fetal. MÉTODOS: Foram entrevistadas 50 gestantes que receberam o diagnóstico de cardiopatia fetal. Para a coleta de dados utilizou-se uma entrevista semidirigida e o Inventário de Estratégia de Coping. A entrevista foi realizada, em média, 22 dias após terem recebido o diagnóstico. RESULTADOS: Ao investigar como se sentiam em relação ao bebê, 56,0% re (more) lataram preocupação e fragilidade, enquanto que as demais (44,0%) afirmaram estarem felizes e bem. As estratégias mais utilizadas pelas gestantes foram: resolução de problemas (73,0%), suporte social (69,1%), fuga/esquiva (62,7%), e a estratégia menos utilizada foi a de afastamento (17,3%). Constatou-se que as mulheres com companheiro, utilizaram mais a estratégia de resolução de problemas (p Abstract in english PURPOSE: To evaluate the coping strategies of women facing a diagnosis of fetal heart disease. METHODS: We interviewed 50 women who had received a diagnosis of fetal heart disease. For data collection we used a semi-directed and Coping Strategy Inventory. The interview was conducted, on average, 22 days after the diagnosis. RESULTS: When asked how they felt about the baby, 56.0% reported concern and fragility, while the remaining 44.0% said they were happy and well. The s (more) trategies most used by women were problem solving (73.0%), social support (69.1%) and escape/avoidance (62.7%), and the least used strategy was removal (17.3%). It was found that women with partners, as well as those with 1 or 2 children, used more the problem-solving strategy (p

Benute, Gláucia Rosana Guerra; Nonnenmacher, Daniele; Evangelista, Luiz Flávio Mendes; Lopes, Lilian Maria; Lucia, Mara Cristina Souza; Zugaib, Marcelo

2011-09-01

235

[Burnout in teachers: its relationship with personality, coping strategies and life satisfaction].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: Burnout Syndrome is characterized by feelings of physical and emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal fulfillment and teaching has been considered one of the contexts of work where the professionals seem to be more exposed to suffer from Burnout. The aim of this study was to relate Burnout, personality, affectivity, Coping strategies and life satisfaction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was used a sample of 404 teachers aged between 23 and 64 years (M = 41.20; SD = 9.79), ranging from the first cycle to university education. The following instruments were used: Coping Responses Inventory (CRI), Big Five Inventory (BFI), Positive and Negative Affective Schedule (PANAS), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). RESULTS: The results showed that teachers with higher levels of neuroticism presented more Burnout, on the other hand teachers with a higher level of extraversion and agreeableness showed more personal accomplishment. Teachers who were high on negative affectivity where also high on Burnout, those who presented Coping strategies focused on the problem had higher results on personal accomplishment, conscientiousness, extraversion and openness to experience. Teachers who presented strategies more focused on emotions also revealed higher levels of neuroticism and Burnout. Results also showed that greater the satisfaction with life is correlated with higher personal accomplishment and extraversion and lower Burnout. Those who teach in higher levels of education revealed higher satisfaction with life and those who teach in lower levels showed higher emotional exhaustion. CONCLUSIONS: We cannot understand Burnout ignoring personality processes and selection of coping strategies that accompany it.

David IC; Quintão S

2012-05-01

236

Burden and coping strategies experienced by caregivers of persons with schizophrenia in the community.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Examined the levels of burden and the coping strategies experienced by caregivers of persons with schizophrenia in the community. It aims (1) to provide mental healthcare professionals with more information about caregiver stressors and (2) to recommend more effective community resources and support. BACKGROUND: A caregiver's burden increases due to negative coping skills and lack of resources. However, insufficient studies of caregiver burden and coping skills accentuate the already inadequate understanding of the field. This lack of understanding often leads to frequent readmission of patients when caregivers give up their care-giving responsibilities. DESIGN: Descriptive and quantitative methods. METHODS: Convenience sampling method was used at three outpatient clinics on 150 caregivers. The Burden Assessment Scale measured care-giving burden. The Family Crisis-Oriented Personal Scales examined the coping strategies. RESULTS: Findings reveal that 31.3% caregivers felt distress and 33.3% found stigma upsetting. Only 14.7% sought help from healthcare workers and 49.3% were interested to know more. Nevertheless, 24.7% verbalized sufficient social support. CONCLUSIONS: Results demonstrated a high burden on caregivers because of many factors such as other commitments, lack of resources, insufficient financial support, education level and ageing. This study found that long-term caregivers suffer more than short-term ones, which is contrary to Seng's study (2005). Burden increases further for those having to cope with both work and care giving at the same time. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: It is critical to improve and increase services and resources to support care giving. It is also essential to educate and ensure that the people affected know how to leverage the available resources. It is important to improve and increase our services and resources. It is also essential to educate and ensure the people concerned know how to make use of them. It also essential to educate and ensure the people concerned know how to make use of them.

Tan SC; Yeoh AL; Choo IB; Huang AP; Ong SH; Ismail H; Ang PP; Chan YH

2012-09-01

237

SCE&G Cope Station simulator training program development  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

South Carolina Electric and Gas Company made a significant investment into meeting the needs of their customers in designing and building the new fossil Generating Station near Cope, South Carolina. Cope Station is a state-of-the-art, 385 MW plant, with equipment and design features that will provide the plant with the capabilities of achieving optimum availability and capability. SCE&G has also implemented a team concept approach to plant organization at Cope Station. The modern plant design, operating philosophy, and introduction of a large percentage of new operations personnel presented a tremendous challenge in preparing for plant commissioning and commercial operation. SCE&G`s answer to this challenge was to hire an experienced operations trainer, and implement a comprehensive training program. An important part of the training investment was the procurement of a plant specific control room simulator. SCE&G, through tailored collaboration with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), developed a specification for a simulator with the features necessary for training the initial plant staff as well as advanced operator training. The high-fidelity CRT based training simulator is a stimulated system that completely and accurately simulates the various plant systems, process startups, shutdowns, normal operating scenarios, and malfunctions. The process model stimulates a Foxboro Distributed Control System consisting of twelve control processors, five WP51 work stations, and one AW51 file server. The workstations, file server and support hardware and software necessary to interface with ESSCOR`s FSIM4 software was provided by Foxoboro.

Stottlemire, J.L. [General Physics Corporation, Columbia, MD (United States); Fabry, R. [South Carolina Electric & Gas Co., Cope, SC (United States)

1996-11-01

238

Development of an acceptance-based coping intervention for alcohol dependence relapse prevention.  

Science.gov (United States)

Both psychological and neurobiological findings lend support to the long-standing clinical observation that negative affect is involved in the development and maintenance of alcohol dependence, and difficulty coping with negative affect is a common precipitant of relapse after treatment. Although many current approaches to relapse prevention emphasize change-based strategies for managing negative cognitions and affect, acceptance-based strategies for preventing relapse to alcohol use are intended to provide methods for coping with distress that are fundamentally different from, though in theory complementary to, approaches that emphasize control and change. This paper describes the development of Acceptance-Based Coping for Relapse Prevention (ABCRP), a new intervention for alcohol-dependent individuals who are within 6 months of having quit drinking. Results of preliminary testing indicate that the intervention is feasible with this population; and a small uncontrolled pilot study (N = 23) showed significant (P < .01) improvements in self-reported negative affect, emotional reactivity, perceived stress, positive affect, psychological well-being, and mindfulness level, as well as a trend (P = .06) toward reduction in craving severity between pre- and postintervention assessments. The authors conclude that this acceptance-based intervention seems feasible and holds promise for improving affect and reducing relapse in alcohol-dependent individuals, warranting further research. PMID:20408062

Vieten, Cassandra; Astin, John A; Buscemi, Raymond; Galloway, Gantt P

2010-04-01

239

Development of an acceptance-based coping intervention for alcohol dependence relapse prevention.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Both psychological and neurobiological findings lend support to the long-standing clinical observation that negative affect is involved in the development and maintenance of alcohol dependence, and difficulty coping with negative affect is a common precipitant of relapse after treatment. Although many current approaches to relapse prevention emphasize change-based strategies for managing negative cognitions and affect, acceptance-based strategies for preventing relapse to alcohol use are intended to provide methods for coping with distress that are fundamentally different from, though in theory complementary to, approaches that emphasize control and change. This paper describes the development of Acceptance-Based Coping for Relapse Prevention (ABCRP), a new intervention for alcohol-dependent individuals who are within 6 months of having quit drinking. Results of preliminary testing indicate that the intervention is feasible with this population; and a small uncontrolled pilot study (N = 23) showed significant (P < .01) improvements in self-reported negative affect, emotional reactivity, perceived stress, positive affect, psychological well-being, and mindfulness level, as well as a trend (P = .06) toward reduction in craving severity between pre- and postintervention assessments. The authors conclude that this acceptance-based intervention seems feasible and holds promise for improving affect and reducing relapse in alcohol-dependent individuals, warranting further research.

Vieten C; Astin JA; Buscemi R; Galloway GP

2010-04-01

240

Barriers and Coping Strategies of Garment CAD Application and Popularization  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of study is to make the garment CAD get faster development and popularization in China. Garment CAD enhances enterprise's economic and social benefits, but it actually receives the hindrance in the domestic application and popularization. The domestic popularity rate is obviously lower than that in European and American developed countries. The main barriers which existing in the application and popularization process of garment CAD in China are analyzed and corresponding countermeasures are proposed.

Zhe Li

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Developing a facility strategy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Successful planning for capital investment relies upon the ability of the management team to establish a cogent and comprehensive direction for facility development. The selection of an appropriate strategy integrates multiple issues: mission, service needs of the community, the external environment, the organization's ethos, current physical resources, operational systems, and vision. This paper will identify and discuss key components and data integral to formulating a facility strategy that outlines the basic direction for developing a facility master plan. The process itself will be presented as a working methodology that can be applied to the organization's resources and vision to generate a coherent facility strategy.

Capps DM

1994-05-01

242

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper deals with European strategy at the beginning Targeted at Cardiff "Partnership for Integration - A strategy for integrating environmental policies of the European Union, where the European Commission considered the second mandatory commitments to the EU : Agenda 2000 and the Kyoto Protocol. LIFE program with three "LIFE - Nature", "LIFE - Environment" and "LIFE - third countries" is another part of this work the previous chapter that refers to the way the European Commission has implemented Protocol Kyoto with "the European Climate Change." Supporting sustainable development worldwide, global chapter is closing this brief overview of the strategy for sustainable development

GABRIEL VASILE OLTEAN; ILIE R?SCOLEAN

2008-01-01

243

Evaluation of a resilience intervention to enhance coping strategies and protective factors and decrease symptomatology.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: In this pilot study, the authors examined the effectiveness of a 4-week resilience intervention to enhance resilience, coping strategies, and protective factors, as well as decrease symptomatology during a period of increased academic stress. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: College students were randomly assigned to experimental (n = 30) and wait-list control (n = 27) groups. The experimental group received a psychoeducational intervention in 4 two-hour weekly sessions. Measures of resilience, coping strategies, protective factors, and symptomatology were administered pre- and postintervention to both groups. RESULTS: Analyses indicated that the experimental group had significantly higher resilience scores, more effective coping strategies (i.e., higher problem solving, lower avoidant), higher scores on protective factors (i.e., positive affect, self-esteem, self-leadership), and lower scores on symptomatology (i.e., depressive symptoms, negative affect, perceived stress) postintervention than did the wait-list control group. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that this resilience program may be useful as a stress-management and stress-prevention intervention for college students.

Steinhardt M; Dolbier C

2008-01-01

244

Abuse of physically disabled women in Ghana: its emotional consequences and coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abstract Purpose: The article discusses the different forms of abuse experienced by physically disabled women in Ghana, and seeks to provide an understanding of the coping strategies used by these women. Method: This is a qualitative inquiry based on data collected after informed consent from five female informants using in-depth interviews and focus groups. Presentation of results and discussion: The data revealed that our informants experienced social, physical/verbal and sexual abuse to which they adopt coping strategies such as help-seeking, avoidance, confrontation, confidence building and an exchange of sympathy. Conclusion: Disabled women in Ghana still face various forms of abuse that appear to be generally accepted because of cultural beliefs and norms, and they employ various strategies to cope with abuse and sustain their female identity. There is the need for awareness programmes at all societal levels to eradicate prejudices and practices that expose disabled women to abuse. Implications for Rehabilitation The rehabilitation of abused disabled women should include empowering processes that enable them to overcome abusive relationships. The dignity of abused disabled women can be restored by increasing their access to rehabilitation facilities. Cultural stereotypes that legitimate abuse should be addressed in efforts to rehabilitate abused, disabled women. Abused, disabled women may increase their female identity when they engage in rehabilitation processes such as networking and participation in full-time work.

Kassah BL; Kassah AK; Agbota TK

2013-07-01

245

Creating a bond between caregivers online: effect on caregivers' coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Numerous studies have investigated the effect of Interactive Cancer Communication Systems (ICCSs) on system users' improvements in psychosocial status. Research in this area, however, has focused mostly on cancer patients, rather than on caregivers, and on the direct effects of ICCSs on improved outcomes, rather than on the psychological mechanisms of ICCS effects. To understand the underlying mechanisms, this study examines the mediating role of perceived caregiver bonding in the relation between one ICCS (the Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System [CHESS]) use and caregivers' coping strategies. To test the hypotheses, a secondary analysis of data was conducted on 246 caregivers of lung cancer patients. These caregivers were randomly assigned to (a) the Internet, with links to high-quality lung cancer websites, or (b) access to CHESS, which integrated information, communication, and interactive coaching tools. Findings suggest that perceived bonding has positive effects on caregivers' appraisal and problem-focused coping strategies, and it mediates the effect of ICCS on the coping strategies 6 months after the intervention has begun.

Namkoong K; DuBenske LL; Shaw BR; Gustafson DH; Hawkins RP; Shah DV; McTavish FM; Cleary JF

2012-01-01

246

Burnout and coping strategies of polytrauma team members caring for veterans with traumatic brain injury.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this national study were to (1) examine the extent of job burnout among VA Polytrauma team members engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI); and (2) identify their coping strategies for dealing with job-related stress. DESIGN: A cross-sectional sample of 233 VA Polytrauma team members completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and identified strategies for coping with work stress as part of an online survey. RESULTS: VA Polytrauma team members experience moderate levels of emotional exhaustion, but low levels of depersonalization and high levels of personal accomplishment. Moreover, 24% of participants reported high levels of emotional exhaustion, which may be a precursor to job burnout. Participants who reported caring for veterans with TBI ?50% of their time experienced higher levels of emotional exhaustion than those who spent <50% of their time (p???0.001). Five major thematic categories related to coping strategies emerged from the data: (1) connecting with others, (2) promoting a healthy lifestyle, (3) pursuing outside interests, (4) managing work environment and (5) maintaining positive thinking. CONCLUSION: Polytrauma team members caring for Veterans with TBI may be at risk for job burnout.

Saban KL; Hogan TP; Defrino D; Evans CT; Bauer ED; Pape TL; Steiner M; Proescher EJ; Vlasses FR; Smith BM

2013-01-01

247

Psychological health and coping strategy among survivors in the year following the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The powerful earthquake of 12 May 2008 wrought incalculable havoc on lives and properties in Wenchuan, Sichuan Province, China. The catastrophic earthquake not only created tremendous changes in the external environment, but also caused stress and difficulties for the people in the affected areas which were felt long after the event. In this study, we attempt to clarify the correlation between coping strategies and psychological well-being among survivors across sex and levels of exposure. METHOD: A total of 2080 survivors from 19 counties freely participated in the survey which used self-report psychological questionnaires, the Short Form-12, version 2 Scale and Coping Scales. We estimated regression models to identify the coping factors associated with the presence of mental symptoms after the disaster. RESULTS: Four main factors (middle-age, low educational level, low monthly income, and high exposure) were significantly related to poor health. Highly exposed survivors tended to problem-avoidance, fantasy, self-blame and seeking assistance, which was significantly different to those lowly exposed. Women tended to be more vulnerable than men and exhibited problem-avoidance and self-blame. Six coping styles were significant determinants and predicted 64.2% of health. CONCLUSION: Post-disaster mental health recovery intervention, including early identification, ongoing monitoring, sustained psychosocial support and more mental health services, are required for the high-risk population, especially for women.

Xu J; He Y

2012-04-01

248

Effects of a stress management program for hospital staffs on their coping strategies and interpersonal behaviors.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The present study examined effects of a 3-h stress management program for Japanese hospital staffs that included relaxation and assertion training. Twenty-seven hospital staffs (mean age: 29.4 yr) in a stress management group and 28 hospital staffs (mean age: 29.5 yr) in a wait-list group answered evaluation surveys at both pre- and post-intervention. Self-administered questionnaires including items on job stress, coping strategies, and interpersonal behaviors were evaluated. The stress management program was given six different participant groups: 3 groups were the stress management group and 3 groups were the wait-list group. The program increased active coping and decreased dependent behavior scores significantly in the stress management group, while decreasing assertive behavior scores in the wait-list group. A comparison of the education sub-groups showed that the first group had significantly increased assertiveness and decreased dependency scores. The second group had significantly decreased depression-anxiety scores. The data analyzed for men and women separately showed the stress management intervention significantly improved active coping and assertive behavior in men and dependent behavior in women. A brief one-time stress management program can be effective in improving active coping and assertive behaviors as well as reducing dependent behavior in hospital staffs. Sex differences were noteworthy.

Hirokawa K; Taniguchi T; Tsuchiya M; Kawakami N

2012-01-01

249

Sintomas de estresse e estratégias de coping em idosos saudáveis/ Stress symptoms and coping strategies in healthy elderly subjects/ Síntomas de estrés y estrategias de coping en ancianos saludables  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Idosos podem manifestar sintomas de estresse em decorrência das mudanças biopsicossociais do envelhecimento. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar sintomas de estresse em idosos e o estilo de coping utilizado por eles, verificando a relação entre estas variáveis. Foram aplicados a Lista de Sintomas de Stress (LSS) e o Inventário de Coping de Jalowiec, em 41 idosos saudáveis. Os idosos apresentaram sintomas de estresse, com intensidade média de 42.8 pontos. Obser (more) vou-se predomínio do coping focado no problema, porém não houve diferença significativa entre as médias dos escores do LSS entre os indivíduos que utilizaram coping focado no problema ou na emoção (p=0.737). Neste estudo, embora os idosos tendessem a eleger o coping focado no problema, a intensidade dos sintomas de estresse independeu do tipo de coping utilizado, evidenciando que tanto o coping focado no problema como o focado na emoção estão associados a níveis semelhantes de estresse. Abstract in spanish Los ancianos pueden manifestar síntomas de estrés como consecuencia de los cambios biopsicosociales del envejecimiento. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar síntomas de estrés en ancianos y el estilo de coping utilizado por ellos, verificando la relación entre estas variables. Fueron aplicados la Lista de Síntomas de Estrés (LSS) y el Inventario de Coping de Jalowiec, en 41 ancianos saludables. Los ancianos presentaron síntomas de estrés, con intensidad pr (more) omedio de 42.8 pontos. Se observó el predominio del coping enfocado en el problema, sin embargo no hubo diferencia significativa entre los promedios de los puntajes del LSS entre los individuos que utilizaron el coping enfocado en el problema o en la emoción (p = 0.737). En este estudio, a pesar de que los ancianos tendieron a escoger el coping enfocado en el problema, la intensidad de los síntomas de estrés fue independiente del tipo de coping utilizado, evidenciando que tanto el coping enfocado en el problema como el enfocado en la emoción están asociados a niveles semejantes de estrés. Abstract in english Elderly subjects may present stress symptoms due to physical, psychological and social changes during aging process. The aim of this study was to identify stress symptoms in elderly subjects and the coping strategies they used, verifying the relationship between these variables. The Stress Symptoms List (SSL) and the Jalowiec Coping Scale were administered to 41 healthy elderly subjects. Elderly subjects presented stress symptoms with a mean score of 42.8. Although proble (more) m-focused coping was predominantly observed, no significant difference was observed between mean SSL scores among elderly subjects who used problem-focused or emotion-focused coping. Although elderly subjects mainly elected problem-focused coping, stress intensity was independent of the coping style, showing that both problem- and emotion-focused coping are associated with similar stress levels.

Talarico, Juliana Nery de Souza; Caramelli, Paulo; Nitrini, Ricardo; Chaves, Eliane Corrêa

2009-12-01

250

Health care utilization, cost burden and coping strategies by disability status: an analysis of the Viet Nam National Health Survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

There is a need for nationally representative information on the affordability of health care by disability status to assist in the design of equitable health systems in developing countries. Using the Viet Nam National Health Survey (2001-2002), this paper analyses health care utilization, cost burden and coping strategies for people with disabilities versus the population at large. The results clearly show that the disabled population are more prone to hospitalization, and spend more on inpatient stays and pharmaceuticals. Households with disabled members are at greater risk of catastrophic health expenditures and debt financing, posing a serious threat to economic welfare.

Palmer M; Nguyen T; Neeman T; Berry H; Hull T; Harley D

2011-07-01

251

Improved self-awareness and coping strategies for patients with acquired brain injury--a group therapy programme.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effects of a group therapy programme for anticipatory self-awareness and coping strategies. DESIGN: The study includes methodological triangulation using three methods to gather data: an overall self-report questionnaire, Self Regulation Skills Interview (SRSI) and focus group interview. SUBJECTS: Twenty-one individuals with acquired brain injury participated in a group therapy programme. METHODS: A self-report questionnaire developed and used especially for evaluation of the described intervention was used at the end of the last session of the group therapy programme. The Self Regulation Skills Interview-SRSI, was used within 2 weeks before and after the subjects participated in one group program. Three Focus groups were used as a third method for data collection. The Focus group interviews were accomplished 1 month after each group programme. RESULTS: The individuals increased their self-awareness and strategy behaviour significantly. Participating in the group therapy programme had had an effect on their life and work situation and on their self-confidence. CONCLUSIONS: A structured group therapy programme helps patients with acquired brain injury understand the consequences of their neuropsychological deficits, helps them improve awareness of their impairments and helps them develop coping strategies.

Lundqvist A; Linnros H; Orlenius H; Samuelsson K

2010-01-01

252

[Differences in coping strategies in those who experienced the trauma of war or torture and the local population].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To define the differences in coping strategies between the victims of torture and the local inhabitants with the experience of war. METHOD: The subjects were divided in two groups. Each group consisted of 50 subjects. The first group included the subjects with the experience of torture, and the second group had the subjects who have survived the war but not torture. The Coping strategies were registered by the Coping Scale. RESULTS: A significant decrease in socioeconomic status of torture victims after the war. On all the subscales of the Coping Scale, there is a statistically significant difference between the torture victims and the second group to the effect that the prior group has higher scores in all subscales as well as the higher overall score of adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies. CONCLUSION: Higher mean score in coping strategies in significantly more frequent in torture survivors, than in local population with the experience of war, that confirms theoretical discussions about coping as a dynamical process that is in reciprocal relation between the individual and the environment.

Kucukali? A; Bravo-Mehmedbasi? A; Popovi? S; Salci?-Dizdarevi? D; Dizdarevi? T

2003-01-01

253

Causes of Stress and Coping Strategies Adopted by Undergraduate Health Professions Students in a University in the United Arab Emirates  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: This study aimed to compare causes of stress and coping strategies adopted by a sample of undergraduate health-profession students at the Gulf Medical University, United Arab Emirates. Methods: An anonymous voluntary questionnaire-based survey was conducted, from January to July 2011, among first- and second-year medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and physiotherapy students (N = 212) to identify causes of stress. Coping strategies were studied using the Brief COPE Inventory. Results: Worries regarding the future (54.2%) and parental expectations (40.1%) were the major stressors. Poor diet (36.8%) and a lack of exercise (36.3%) were also reported to cause stress. Students used multiple strategies, mainly religion/praying (74.5%), planning (70.5%) and taking action (70.5%) to cope with stress. There were no significant differences observed in the stressors or coping strategies between genders or programmes. First-year students (62.5%) relied on emotional support significantly more (P <0.05) than second-year students (48.5%). Conclusion: The main causes of stress were worries regarding future and parental expectations. The majority of the students used positive coping strategies, with religion/praying found to be the most frequently used strategy.

Kadayam G. Gomathi; Soofia Ahmed; Jayadevan Sreedharan

2013-01-01

254

Causes of stress and coping strategies adopted by undergraduate health professions students in a university in the United arab emirates.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare causes of stress and coping strategies adopted by a sample of undergraduate health-profession students at the Gulf Medical University, United Arab Emirates. METHODS: An anonymous voluntary questionnaire-based survey was conducted, from January to July 2011, among first- and second-year medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and physiotherapy students (N = 212) to identify causes of stress. Coping strategies were studied using the Brief COPE Inventory. RESULTS: Worries regarding the future (54.2%) and parental expectations (40.1%) were the major stressors. Poor diet (36.8%) and a lack of exercise (36.3%) were also reported to cause stress. Students used multiple strategies, mainly religion/praying (74.5%), planning (70.5%) and taking action (70.5%) to cope with stress. There were no significant differences observed in the stressors or coping strategies between genders or programmes. First-year students (62.5%) relied on emotional support significantly more (P <0.05) than second-year students (48.5%). CONCLUSION: The main causes of stress were worries regarding future and parental expectations. The majority of the students used positive coping strategies, with religion/praying found to be the most frequently used strategy.

Gomathi KG; Ahmed S; Sreedharan J

2013-08-01

255

Stress and coping strategies in a sample of South African managers involved in post-graduate managerial studies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To examine the relationships between stress levels and, respectively, stressor appraisal, coping strategies and bio- graphical variables, 107 managers completed a biographical questionnaire. Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire, and Coping Strategy Indicator. Significant negative correlations were found between stress levels and appraisal scores on all work-related stressors. An avoidant coping strategy explained significant variance in stress levels in a model also containing social support-seeking and problem-solving coping strategies. It was concluded that an avoidant coping strategy probably contributed to increased stress levels. Female managers experienced significantly higher stress levels and utilized a social support-seeking coping strategy significantly more than male managers did. Opsomming Om die verband tussen stresvlakke en, onderskeidelik, taksering van stressors, streshanteringstrategiee en biografiese veranderlikes te ondersoek, het 107 bestuurders n biografiese vraelys, Ervaring vanWerk- en Lewensomstandighedevraelys en Streshanteringstrategieskaal voltooi. Beduidende negatiewe korrelasies is aangetref tussen stresvlakke en takseringtellings ten opsigte van alle werkverwante stressors. 'nVermydende streshantermgstrategie het beduidende variansie in stresvlakke verklaar in n model wat ook sosiale ondersteuningsoekende en pro-bleemoplossende streshanteringstrategiee ingesluit het. Die gevolgtrekking is bereik dat n vermydende stres- hanteringstrategie waarskynlik bygedra het tot verhoogde stresvlakke. Vroulike bestuurders het beduidend hoer stresvlakke ervaar en het n sosiale ondersteuningsoekende streshanteringstrategie beduidend meer gebnnk as manlike bestuurders.

Judora J. Spangenberg; Mark R. Orpen-Lyall

2000-01-01

256

Coping under pressure: employing emotion regulation strategies to enhance performance under pressure.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Performing under high pressure is an emotional experience. Hence, the use of emotion regulation strategies may prove to be highly effective in preventing choking under pressure. Using a golf putting task, we investigated the role of arousal on declined sport performance under pressure (pilot study) and the effectiveness of emotion regulation strategies in alleviating choking under pressure (main study). The pilot study showed that pressure resulted in decreased performance and this effect was partially mediated by increased arousal. The main study, a field study, showed that whereas the choking effect was observed in the control condition, reappraisal and, particularly, distraction were effective emotion regulation strategies in helping people to cope instead of choke under pressure. These findings suggest that interventions that aim to prevent choking under pressure could benefit from including emotion regulation strategies.

Balk YA; Adriaanse MA; de Ridder D TD; Evers C

2013-08-01

257

Coping under pressure: Strategies for maintaining confidence amongst South African soccer coaches  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sport coaching can be a fulfilling and rewarding occupation, but can also be stressful because of the demands and expectations of various external factors. The complex and extraordinary demands placed on coaches, force them to perform multiple roles (e.g. educator, motivator, counsellor, adviser, trainer, manager and administrator). Soccer coaches face a number of challenges, frustrations, conflicts and tensions, the enormity of which is often underestimated. This notion is supported by the description of coaching as a perilous occupation in which coaches experience pressures like stress, conflict and tension, media pressure and intrusions into family life. This study explored the perceptions of South African soccer coaches in terms of the mechanisms they use to cope with potential stressors experienced in their jobs and employed a non-experimental design, using a quantitative approach, to assess stress and coping strategies of South African coaches. One hundred and twelve soccer coaches, coaching at the provincial level and higher, completed a questionnaire on stress and stress coping mechanisms used in their coaching jobs. Descriptive data analysis was completed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS – version 16). The sources of stress experienced and coping methods used by the coaches were evaluated. Results revealed that the top three sources of stress were a lack of resources, fixture backlog and games where the outcome is critical, whilst the lowest three sources of stress were political interference, physical assaults from players and substituting a player. Moreover, various coping strategies used by the coaches showed that an average of 5.68%, 5.14% and 89.78% of the sample used maladaptive coping, emotion management coping and problem management coping strategies respectively. Academic and practical implications of the study results are discussed.OpsommingSport afrigting kan ’n baie vervullende en bevredigende beroepskeuse wees, maar as gevolg van die eise en verwagtinge van verskeie omgewings faktore, kan dit ook as ’n spanningsvolle beroep ervaar word. Afrigters moet verskeie rolle vertolk (o.a. opvoeder, motiveerder, sielkundige, adviseerder, afrigter, bestuurder en administrateur) wat deel uitmaak van die komplekse en buitengewone eise wat op hulle geplaas word. Sokker afrigters beleef ’n aantal uitdagings, konflik situasies, frustrasies en spanning waarvan die impak of waarde daarvan selde gemeet kan word. Afrigting as ’n konsep word beskryf of gedefinieer as ’n potensieel onveilige en/of wisselvallige beroep waar die meerderheid afrigters spanning ervaar, konflik beleef, media druk moet verwerk en ’n geweldige inbreuk op hul persoonlike en familielewe ervaar. Hierdie studie ondersoek Suid-Afrikaanse sokker afrigters se persepsies aangaande die meganismes wat hulle gebruik om die potensiële spanning van hul beroep te bestuur. Die studie is gebaseer op ’n nie-eksperimentele ontwerp met ’n kwantitatiewe benadering van Suid-Afrikaanse sokker afrigters om spanning te evalueer en te bestuur. Een honderd en twaalf sokker afrigters wat op provinsiale vlak of hoër afgerig het, het vraelyste ingevul aangaande spanning en spanning hanteringstegnieke wat in hul afrigtingsberoepe gebruik is. Beskrywende data analise is met behulp van ’n statistiese pakket in Sosiale Wetenskap (SPSS-weergawe 16) gedoen. Die oorsake van spanning asook die hanteringstegnieke wat deur die afrigters gebruik is, is geevalueer. Die resultate het bevind dat daar drie duidelike oorsake van spanning was, naamlik ’n tekort aan hulpbronne, die akkumulasie van geskeduleerde wedstryde asook wedstryde waarvan die uitslag krities is. Die drie laagste oorsake van spanning was onder andere politieke inmenging, fisiese aanranding deur spelers en die vervanging van spelers. Die afrigters het ’n verskeidenheid van spannings hanteringstegnieke gebruik, maar die resultate toon dat 5.68%, 5.14% en 89.78% van die eksperimentele groep oneffektiewe spannings-, emosionele- en probleem bestuurstegniek

Jhalukpreya Surujlal; Sheila Nguyen

2011-01-01

258

Fatores de stress e estratégias de coping entre adolescentes no 12º ano de escolaridade/ Stress factors and coping strategies amongst 12th grade adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho apresenta um estudo realizado com 341 finalistas do ensino secundário do Norte de Portugal, visando à exploração do tipo e níveis de stress experienciados pelos alunos, e estratégias de coping mais frequentemente utilizadas. Os dados - recolhidos por meio do Inventário de Fatores de Stress (12º ano) e do Inventário de Estratégias de Coping dos Adolescentes face a Experiências Problemáticas - revelam níveis de stress medianos, destacando-se a ár (more) ea acadêmica como a de maior dificuldade. A "Procura de apoio fora da família "; a "Resolução ativa dos problemas "e a "Distração e relativização da situação "surgem como as estratégias de coping mais frequentes. Destaca-se o papel diferenciador das variáveis gênero, escolaridade dos pais e rendimento escolar dos alunos nos níveis de stress experienciado. Abstract in english This paper presents a study involving 341 High School final-year students (from the North of Portugal), aimed at the exploration of the type and levels of stress experienced in their day-to-day lives, as well as the coping strategies they most frequently adopt. The data, based on the application of the Inventory of Stress Factors (12th grade) and the Inventory of Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences, reveal medium stress levels and identify the academic factors as t (more) he most stressful. The "Search for support outside the family", the "Active problem solving "and the "Distraction and problem minimization "emerge as the most frequent coping strategies. Results also highlight the influence of gender, parents' level of education, and students' school performance on the levels of stress experienced by this group of final-year students.

Caires, Susana; Silva, Cândida

2011-09-01

259

Coping strategies among Swedish children and adolescents with mobility impairment in relation to demographic data, disability characteristics and well-being.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The first aim of the present study was to evaluate the applicability of a four-dimensional model of coping strategies, which includes 'active coping', 'distraction', 'avoidance' and 'support seeking' strategies, on children and adolescents with mobility impairment. The second aim was to identify coping strategies in this group. Finally, we analysed the relation between coping strategies and demographic data, disability characteristics and well-being. METHODS: Children and adolescents aged 7-18 years with mobility impairment (n = 133) were interviewed, and demographic and disability characteristics were recorded. The Children's Coping Strategies Checklist, a 52-item self-report inventory, was used to characterise dispositional style in coping. RESULTS: The four-factor model of coping strategies provides an adequate fit to the data of the sample studied. Three of the four coping strategies, all except 'avoidance', were significantly related to several demographic and disability features. Well-being was not significantly related to any of the four coping strategies, although the higher the trust in the strategies, the higher the estimation of one's own well-being. CONCLUSION: Identification of coping strategies among children and adolescents with mobility impairment should form the basis of our understanding of how they face the complexity of challenges while growing up.

Jemtå L; Dahl M; Nordahl G; Fugl-Meyer KS

2007-08-01

260

Relación entre síndrome de burnout, estrategias de afrontamiento y engagement/ Relation between burnout syndrome, coping strategies and engagement  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Este artículo tiene como nalidad analizar, a partir de las teorías existentes, la relación entre las estrategias de afrontamiento, el síndrome de burnout y el engagement. El síndrome de burnout si bien se desarrolla en un contexto organizacional, es individual y ello ya implica la existencia de factores de riesgo que llegan a activarse (ya sea para posibilitar su aparición por las estrategias de afrontamiento que se asumen o evitar su desarrollo, cuando hay engageme (more) nt) en contextos laborales donde hay presencia de alta carga laboral, bajas recompensas por el ocio llevado a cabo y ambientes laborales en los que no se posibilita la participación para la toma de decisiones. Abstract in english This article has as a main objective to analyze from existing theories, the relationship between coping strategies, burnout syndrome, and engagement. Burnout Syndrome although developed in an organizational context is an individual syndrome and this already implies the existence of risk factors that become activated (either to allow an appearance by the Coping Strategies that are assumed or prevent their development - when there is engagement) in working contexts where th (more) ere is the presence of high workload, low for the work done and employment context where participation is not allowed in decision making.

Montoya Zuluaga, Paula Andrea; Moreno Moreno, Sara

2012-06-01

 
 
 
 
261

Stress coping strategies in patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures and how they relate to trauma symptoms, alexithymia, anger and mood.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to assess stress coping strategies employed by patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) and determine whether these approaches were associated with other psychopathological features. Ineffective stress coping strategies can have a variety of unhealthy consequences fueling psychopathology just as psychopathology can also have an impact on stress coping. Because of this, the study of stress coping has the potential to inform our understanding of the PNES condition and underscore a potential target for psychological treatment. METHODS: Eighty-two consecutive patients with PNES were studied using the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS). The CISS is a self-rating coping strategies scale that has three main subscales (Task-Oriented, Emotion-Focused, and Avoidance-Oriented). Other psychological variables that were thought to potentially influence the chosen coping mechanisms including alexithymia, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, anger expression and select scales from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2-RF (MMPI 2-RF) were also evaluated. RESULTS: Fifty patients (60.9%) endorsed using at least one coping strategy that was 1.5 standard deviations or more away from the normal adult mean. Over 30% of the participants endorsed using elevated Emotion-Focused coping strategies (T score?65), and just over 25% endorsed underusing Task-Oriented coping strategies (T score?35). Elevations in avoidance strategies were endorsed by only 15.9% of the respondents. ANOVA comparing T scores between the coping strategies was significant (F=13.4, p=.0001) with a significantly lower Task-Oriented strategy than Emotion-Focused (p=.001) and Avoidance (p=.005) strategies. Patients with high scores of Emotion-Focused coping strategies also had significantly high scores on diverse psychopathology factors including elevations on depressive mood, intrusive experiences, anger state, and general anger scores. In contrast, those who used Task-Oriented strategies and who used Avoidance-Focused strategies had less psychopathology including low positive emotion scores (RC2). CONCLUSION: Nearly one-third of patients with PNES tended to use the less effective Emotion-Oriented coping strategies and one fourth reported underusing the more effective Task-focused strategies. Substantial differences were noted between coping strategies with a significantly lower Task-Oriented strategy than Emotion-Focused and Avoidance strategies. In addition, high Emotion-Focused coping was seen in patients with underlying psychological symptoms that were not observed in other coping strategies. This information supports the relevance of assessing stress coping in patients with PNES because it allows the identification of useful behavioral targets for the psychotherapist.

Myers L; Fleming M; Lancman M; Perrine K; Lancman M

2013-10-01

262

Eventos estressores e estratégias de coping em adolescentes: implicações na aprendizagem/ Stressful events and coping strategies among adolescents: implications for Learning/ Eventos estresantes y estrategias de coping en adolescentes: implicaciones en el aprendizaje  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Ao longo da vida, nos deparamos com eventos com os quais não nos percebemos capacitados a lidar, o que pode gerar um estado de tensão no organismo denominado estresse. As alterações decorrentes do estresse e o impacto que provoca na vida das pessoas podem agravar a desadaptação do indivíduo em seu desenvolvimento, sobretudo no ambiente escolar. O presente artigo explora as relações entre eventos de vida estressores, estresse e estratégias de coping em adolescent (more) es, discutindo as possíveis implicações desses fatores na aprendizagem. Além disso, são descritos os fatores ambientais e a neurobiologia do estresse, bem como o papel da resiliência no enfrentamento de situações estressantes. Abstract in spanish A lo largo de la vida nos enfrentamos con eventos con los cuales no nos sentimos capaces de lidiar, lo que puede generar un estado de tensión en el organismo denominado estrés. Las alteraciones a raíz del estrés y el impacto que provoca en la vida de las personas pueden agravar la falta de adaptación del individuo en su desarrollo, principalmente en el ambiente escolar. El presente artículo explora las relaciones entre eventos de vida estresantes, estrés y estrateg (more) ias de Coping en adolescentes, discutiendo las posibles implicaciones de esos factores en el aprendizaje. Además, son descritos los factores ambientales y la neurobiología del estrés, así como el papel de la resiliencia en el enfrentamiento de situaciones estresantes. Abstract in english Throughout our lives we come across events that we think we are not able to deal with, which can generate a state of tension in the body called stress. The changes resulting from the stress and their impact on people?s lives may aggravate the maladjustment on the individual development, particularly in the school environment. This article explores the relationship between stressful events, stress and coping strategies in adolescents, discussing the possible implications (more) of these factors in the learning process. Moreover, environmental factors, the neurobiology of stress and the role of resilience in coping with stressful situations are described.

Busnello, Fernanda de Bastani; Schaefer, Luiziana Souto; Kristensen, Christian Haag

2009-12-01

263

Estratégias de coping de crianças vítimas e não vítimas de violência doméstica Coping strategies of domestic violence victimized and non victimized children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar as estratégias de coping adotadas por crianças vítimas e não vítimas de violência doméstica, quando inseridas no microssistema escolar. Participaram da pesquisa 87 crianças divididas em dois grupos: 49 vítimas e 38 não vítimas de violência doméstica, as quais responderam a uma entrevista estruturada nas suas escolas, que visava a identificar os problemas mais freqüentes experienciados com os professores e com os colegas e as estratégias de coping utilizadas. As crianças vítimas de violência doméstica apontaram como problema de maior freqüência as agressões verbais por parte da professora e a estratégia de coping de agredir fisicamente para lidar nos conflitos com seus pares. As crianças não vítimas citaram com maior freqüência a busca de apoio de outras pessoas como estratégia para lidar com seus problemas junto aos colegas. As meninas adotaram a inação, quando enfrentam problemas com seus professores e se incomodam mais com as agressões verbais destes. Os resultados são discutidos levando em conta o contexto ecológico e as relações hierárquicas e apontam subsídios para programas de intervenção, que promovam resiliência e adaptação sadia de criançasà escola.The present study aimed to investigate coping strategies of domestic violence victimized and non-victimized children in school's microsystem. Eighty-seven children, divided in two groups participated in this study: 49 victimized and 38 non-victimized children. They answered a structured interview to identify the most frequent conflicts faced with teachers and classmates and the coping strategies to deal with those issues. The victimized children reported higher frequency of verbal aggression from teachers, and physical aggressions as coping strategies to deal with peers. The non-victimized children seemed to look for others' support as coping strategies to deal with problems they have with their classmates. Girls did not seem to act when they faced problems with their teachers, and they felt more upset with teacher's verbal aggression. Results are discussed based on the ecological context and hierarchical relations, and give subsidies out to support intervention programs, to promote resilience and children's healthy adaptation to school.

Carolina Lisboa; Sílvia Helena Koller; Fernanda Freitas Ribas; Kelly Bitencourt; Letícia Oliveira; Lízia Pacheco Porciuncula; Renata Busnello De Marchi

2002-01-01

264

Coping strategies for financial burdens in families with childhood pneumonia in Bangladesh  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This study aimed to determine the out-of pocket expenditure and coping strategies adopted by families of children admitted in a hospital in Bangladesh with pneumonia. Methods Trained interviewers surveyed parents of 90 children and conducted in-depth interviews with six families below the age of 5 years who were admitted to the largest pediatric hospital in Bangladesh with a diagnosis of pneumonia. We estimated the total cost of illness associated with hospitalization and explored the coping strategies of the families. Results The mean expenditure of the families for the illness episode was US$ 94 (±SD 52.5) with 75% having spent more than half of their total monthly expenditure on this hospitalization. Three fourths (68/90, 76%) of the families managed the expenditure by borrowing, mortgaging or selling assets; 64% had to borrow the full cost of hospitalization and 10% borrowed from the formal sector with a monthly interest rate of 5 to 30%. The burden was highest for the people from poor income strata. Families earning ?US$ 59 per month were 10 times more likely than families earning ?US$ 59 per month to borrow money (OR = 10.0, 95% CI: 2.8-38.8). To repay their debts, 22% of families reported that they would work extra hours and 50% planned to reduce spending on food and education for their children. Conclusions Coping strategies adopted by the families to manage the out-of-pocket expenditure for children requiring hospitalization were catastrophic for the majority of the families. Efforts to prevent childhood pneumonia for example, by vaccination against the most common pathogens, by improving air quality and by improving childhood nutrition can provide a double advantage. They can prevent both disease and poverty.

Alamgir Nadia I; Naheed Aliya; Luby Stephen P

2010-01-01

265

Coping strategies for financial burdens in families with childhood pneumonia in Bangladesh.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the out-of pocket expenditure and coping strategies adopted by families of children admitted in a hospital in Bangladesh with pneumonia. METHODS: Trained interviewers surveyed parents of 90 children and conducted in-depth interviews with six families below the age of 5 years who were admitted to the largest pediatric hospital in Bangladesh with a diagnosis of pneumonia. We estimated the total cost of illness associated with hospitalization and explored the coping strategies of the families. RESULTS: The mean expenditure of the families for the illness episode was US$ 94 (±SD 52.5) with 75% having spent more than half of their total monthly expenditure on this hospitalization. Three fourths (68/90, 76%) of the families managed the expenditure by borrowing, mortgaging or selling assets; 64% had to borrow the full cost of hospitalization and 10% borrowed from the formal sector with a monthly interest rate of 5 to 30%. The burden was highest for the people from poor income strata. Families earning ?US$ 59 per month were 10 times more likely than families earning ?US$ 59 per month to borrow money (OR = 10.0, 95% CI: 2.8-38.8). To repay their debts, 22% of families reported that they would work extra hours and 50% planned to reduce spending on food and education for their children. CONCLUSIONS: Coping strategies adopted by the families to manage the out-of-pocket expenditure for children requiring hospitalization were catastrophic for the majority of the families. Efforts to prevent childhood pneumonia for example, by vaccination against the most common pathogens, by improving air quality and by improving childhood nutrition can provide a double advantage. They can prevent both disease and poverty.

Alamgir NI; Naheed A; Luby SP

2010-01-01

266

Coping strategies, stress and risk perception in a natural and industrial catastrophe risk situation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

People are exposed to different environmental risks, their manifestations harm people according to the magnitude, intensity and the number of people concerned. This subject is very ample, therefore we consider only two kinds of risks: the natural risks (especially earthquakes) that have always threatened humanity, and the industrial risks that characterise our modern society. We are interested in risk perception, stress and coping strategies in these two kinds of extreme situations. We concentrate our study on two Mexican events: an industrial explosion accident in 1984 and 1985 big earthquake, both devastated big urban zones. The consequences were enormous at all levels: personal, psychological, social, political and economical. Facing risk situations people can have stress reactions when a sign of danger appears. According to Jean RIVOLIER (1994), these situations must not be confounded with banal events of everyday life. Stress in those cases is not the stress we confront everyday, so people have to apply other strategies to face she stress and the incidents of the kind of extreme situations. To tackle our subject we are going to review some concepts used in our study: stress, coping strategies and risk perception. (author)

Lopez Vasquez, E. [Universite de Toulouse-le Mirail, 31 - Toulouse (France)

1998-07-01

267

Coping strategies, stress and risk perception in a natural and industrial catastrophe risk situation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

People are exposed to different environmental risks, their manifestations harm people according to the magnitude, intensity and the number of people concerned. This subject is very ample, therefore we consider only two kinds of risks: the natural risks (especially earthquakes) that have always threatened humanity, and the industrial risks that characterise our modern society. We are interested in risk perception, stress and coping strategies in these two kinds of extreme situations. We concentrate our study on two Mexican events: an industrial explosion accident in 1984 and 1985 (big earthquake, both devastated big urban zones. The consequences were enormous at all levels: personal, psychological, social, political and economical. Facing risk situations people can have stress reactions when a sign of danger appears. According to Jean RIVOLIER (1994), these situations must not be confounded with banal events of everyday life. Stress in those cases is not the stress we confront everyday, so people have to apply other strategies to face she stress and the incidents of the kind of extreme situations. To tackle our subject we are going to review some concepts used in our study: stress, coping strategies and risk perception. (author)

1998-01-01

268

Coping strategies in an ethnic minority group: the Aeta of Mount Pinatubo.  

Science.gov (United States)

The particular problems arising in the aftermath of natural disasters in indigenous societies in the Third World, especially in ethnic or cultural minorities, have until now received only little attention in social scientific research. The potential of such indigenous groups to use their traditional knowledge and behaviour patterns in coping with natural disasters has been badly neglected. The example of the Aeta in Zambales, Philippines, a marginal group who were hit directly by the eruption of Mt Pinatubo in 1991, shows how traditional economic and social behaviour can in some measure determine their various survival strategies. PMID:9549174

Seitz, S

1998-03-01

269

Coping strategies in an ethnic minority group: the Aeta of Mount Pinatubo.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The particular problems arising in the aftermath of natural disasters in indigenous societies in the Third World, especially in ethnic or cultural minorities, have until now received only little attention in social scientific research. The potential of such indigenous groups to use their traditional knowledge and behaviour patterns in coping with natural disasters has been badly neglected. The example of the Aeta in Zambales, Philippines, a marginal group who were hit directly by the eruption of Mt Pinatubo in 1991, shows how traditional economic and social behaviour can in some measure determine their various survival strategies.

Seitz S

1998-03-01

270

The Role of Religion in the Work Lives and Coping Strategies of Ugandan Nurses.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Nursing in Uganda is a highly stressful, underpaid profession, leading to worrisome attrition levels; yet some nurses do manage to stay on the job and thrive. This study explored the ways in which religion influences the work lives and coping strategies of Ugandan nurses who thrive despite job stress. Participants were 15 female nurses working in faith-based and non-faith-based facilities in Uganda. The nurses were all actively religious people, a fact not known at the time they were recruited. All the nurses revealed that religious values affected their performance positively, enabling them to find meaning even in the face of adversity.

Bakibinga P; Vinje HF; Mittelmark M

2013-05-01

271

Occupational Stress and Professional Burnout in Teachers of Primary and Secondary Education: The Role of Coping Strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research investigates the levels of occupational stress and professional burnout of teachers of primary and secondary education. It also aims to investigate the coping strategies that they adopt, and the relationship between them. The survey involved 388 teachers who teach in public schools in Attica. Three instruments were administrated to teachers: “Teachers’ Occupational Stress” (Antoniou, Polychroni, & Vlachakis, 2006), the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson, 1986) and the “Stress Coping Strategies Scale” (Cooper, Sloan, & Williams, 1988). The findings showed that teachers of Primary Education experience higher levels of stress compared to the teachers of Secondary Education. Female teachers experience more stress and lower personal accomplishment than men. Rational coping behaviors are a resource which help teachers overcome work-related stressors and burnout and achieve their valued outcomes with students, while avoidance coping predicted high level of stress and burnout.

Alexander-Stamatios Antoniou; Aikaterini Ploumpi; Marina Ntalla

2013-01-01

272

Strategy of Coping With End-Stage Disease and Cancer-Related Fatigue in Terminally Ill Patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim was to investigate whether there is a relationship between strategy of coping with end-stage disease and cancer-related fatigue. The study was conducted using the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist, Brief Fatigue Inventory, and Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer scale to specify patient's strategy of coping. Finally, 51 hospice care patients with cancer were analyzed. Main Findings: The majority of responders adopted 1 of the 2 styles; avoidance (belongs to adaptive coping) or anxious preoccupation (destructive or maladaptive). Less often moderate fatalism and helpless/hopeless (H/H) or fighting spirit were observed. Significant correlation has been found between H/H or fatalism strategy and fatigue. CONCLUSIONS: High level of fatigue had a negative impact on almost all aspects of daily living among people with H/H or fatalism strategy.

Modlinska A; Kowalik B; Buss T; Janiszewska J; Lichodziejewska-Niemierko M

2013-09-01

273

Climate Change Impacts, Local Knowledge and Coping Strategies in the Great Ruaha River Catchment Area, Tanzania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Climate change has profound implications for managing freshwater resources and species dependent on those resources. Water is an essential component of the life support system of the earth, and a basic resource for socio-economic development. The Great Ruaha River Catchment Area is a dynamic and complex ecosystem requiring inclusion climate change adaptation in the management of the freshwater and natural resources available to reduce the severity of climate change impacts. Rainfall has decreased considerably during the last 10 - 30 years, and characterised by high interannual variability, seasonal shifts and variable seasonal distribution with unpredictable onset and ending of rains and shortened growing seasons. Temperature has increased considerably during this period causing increased evapotranspiration losses and incidences of pest and diseases. The freshwater of Ruaha River and it tributaries are vulneable to changing climate, such as drought, which can negatively impact on the livelihoods of the people through de- creased crop and livestock production, and on local biodiversity. The changing climate has had negative impacts on, among other aspects, land use and water shortages for irrigation, livestock and domestic uses. This has compelled riparian communities in the catchment to devises coping strategies including practicing irrigation to provide supplementary water to crops, using drought tolerant crop varieties, rationing of irrigation water in farmlands, wetland cultivation, and diversification to non-agricultural activities. Despite the existence of many indicators used for local climate forecasting, there are limitations to local adaptation, including among others, poverty, institutional aspects and limited integration of climate adaptation in various sectors. The bulk of indigenous knowledge could be integrated into formal adaptation planning, and may be important components of environmental conservation at the local level.

Richard Kangalawe; Shadrack Mwakalila; Petro Masolwa

2011-01-01

274

Induction of food craving experience: the role of mental imagery, dietary restraint, mood and coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Food craving consists of a strong motivational state whereby a person is driven to seek and ingest a specifically desired food. OBJECTIVES: To explore the influence of mental imagery on the food craving experience as well as to analyse the role of different psychological variables. METHODS: Participants consisted of 65 normal weight undergraduate students. An experimental induction of food craving was analysed considering the actual previous craving and the induced one as a state food craving. Measures of trait food craving, imaging ability, dietary restraint, anxiety, depression, and coping strategies were considered. RESULTS: Sweet foods in general and chocolate in particular were the most craved foods. During the induction thoughts and images were the most highly rated triggers, and all the different sensory modalities were involved. Anxiety, depression, and negative coping strategies influenced the results with regards to the food craving. DISCUSSION: This study confirms the role of mental imagery, the correlation between state and trait food craving, and the influence of different psychological variables on the food craving.

Jáuregui-Lobera I; Bolaños-Ríos P; Valero E; Ruiz Prieto I

2012-11-01

275

Experiencing fuel poverty. Coping strategies of low-income households in Vienna/Austria  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Until the present day, research on fuel poverty focussing on the point of view of those concerned is few and far between. The present paper aims at filling this gap, analysing experiences with and behavioural responses to fuel poverty. It examines the day-to-day energy situation of households, which are poor/at-risk-of-poverty and/or suffering from fuel poverty in a case study conducted in the Austrian capital Vienna. Qualitative interviews provide the data for investigating the relevant factors in causing fuel poverty (among those, bad housing conditions, outdated appliances, financial problems), and provide a basis for discussion about the respective behavioural strategies of the people concerned. The results show that the ways of handling this problematic situation vary greatly and that people follow different strategies when it comes to inventing solutions for coping with the restrictions and finding ways of satisfying at least a part of their basic energy needs. Nonetheless, it also clearly surfaces that the scope of action is limited in many cases, which in turn only supports the claim that changes in the overall conditions are essential. - Highlights: ? This paper scrutinises experiences with and behavioural reactions to fuel poverty. ? Analysis of 50 qualitative interviews in Viennese low-income households. ? Low-income and/or fuel poor households face various strains. ? Ways of dealing with fuel poverty vary greatly, scope of action is limited. ? Households are very creative when it comes to coping with restricted conditions.

2012-01-01

276

Coping strategies for craving management in nicotine dependent patients Estratégias de enfrentamento da fissura em dependentes de nicotina  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the intensity of craving and the types of coping skills used by nicotine-dependent patients. METHOD: This was an experimental study. The sample comprised 201 subjects, mean age 38.15 years. The participants were randomly divided into groups of zero, 30 and 60 minutes of nicotine abstinence. The following instruments were administered: the Chart of Sociodemographic Data, the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence, the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges, and the Coping Strategies Inventory. RESULTS: The most frequently used coping strategies are presented in descending order: accepting responsibility, self-control and distancing. There was a positive correlation between the confrontive coping strategy and the total score on the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (rs = 0.146; p = 0.045) and the score on Factor 1 (rs = 0.165; p = 0.023). CONCLUSION: The most intense craving can lead nicotine-dependent individuals to use confrontive coping strategies that make them unable to control their emotions or to face the situations of high risk of relapse. This finding demonstrates that the treatment of smokers should include psychological education about the pitfalls of using these types of strategy and should teach them new types of coping strategies for craving management.OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a associação entre a intensidade do craving e os tipos de habilidade de coping utilizados por dependentes de tabaco. MÉTODO: Estudo experimental. A amostra foi de 201 sujeitos, com uma média de idade de 38,15 anos. Os participantes foram divididos, aleatoriamente, em grupos de zero, 30 e 60 minutos de abstinência do tabaco. Os instrumentos aplicados foram uma ficha com dados sociodemográficos, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence, Questionnaire of Smoking Urges e Inventário de Estratégias de Coping. RESULTADOS: As estratégias de coping mais utilizadas, em ordem decrescente, foram aceitação de responsabilidade, auto-controle e distanciamento. Foram encontradas correlações positivas entre a estratégia de confrontamento e total de pontos do Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (rs = 0,146; p = 0,045) e pontos no Fator 1 (rs = 0,165; p = 0,023). CONCLUSÃO: O craving mais intenso pode levar o dependente a utilizar estratégias de confrontamento que são pouco eficientes na contenção das emoções e no enfrentamento das situações de risco de recaída. Este achado é relevante, pois demonstra que, no tratamento de tabagistas, é preciso psicoeducar os pacientes para os riscos da utilização deste tipo de estratégia e ajudá-los para que utilizem novos tipos de estratégias de coping para o manejo do craving.

Renata Brasil Araujo; Margareth da Silva Oliveira; Rosemeri Siqueira Pedroso; Maria da Graça Tanori de Castro

2009-01-01

277

Association of socioeconomic status and life-style factors with coping strategies in Isfahan Healthy Heart Program, Iran.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To investigate the association between life-style and socioeconomic factors and coping strategies in a community sample in Iran. METHOD: As part of a community-based study called Isfahan Healthy Heart Program, we studied 17593 individuals older than 19 living in the central part of Iran. Demographic and socioeconomic factors (age, sex, occupation status, marital status, and educational level) and lifestyle variables (smoking status, leisure time physical activity, and psychological distress), and coping strategy were recorded. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression. RESULTS: Not smoking (women beta=-11.293, P<0.001; men beta=-3.418, P=0.007), having leisure time physical activity (women beta=0.017, P=0.046; men beta=0.005, P=0.043), and higher educational level (women beta=0.344, P=0.015; men beta=0.406, P=0.008) were predictors of adaptive coping strategies, while smoking (women beta=11.849, P<0.001; men beta=9.336, P<0.001), high stress level (women beta=1.588, P=0.000; men beta=1.358, P<0.001), and lower educational level (women beta=-0.443, P=0.013; men beta=-0.427, P=0.013) were predictors of maladaptive coping strategies in both sexes. Non-manual work was a positive predictor of adaptive (beta=4.983, P<0.001) and negative predictor of maladaptive (beta=-3.355, P=0.023) coping skills in men. CONCLUSION: Coping strategies of the population in central Iran were highly influenced by socioeconomic status and life-style factors. Programs aimed at improving healthy life-styles and increasing the socioeconomic status could increase adaptive coping skills and decrease maladaptive ones and consequently lead to a more healthy society.

Roohafza H; Sadeghi M; Shirani S; Bahonar A; Mackie M; Sarafzadegan N

2009-08-01

278

Old Age Coping Strategies of the Ionian and Maltese Poor, 1800–1865  

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Full Text Available This paper investigates the coping strategies employed by Ionian and Maltese elderly poor for obtaining provisions, medical treatment and social assistance on a daily basis, during unforeseen illness, disability or economic mishaps while at the same time assuring themselves that their basic needs during advanced old age would be met. The elderly poor employed a combination of resources acquired from a variety of social networks, household, neighbourhood and village/town community, complemented by the formal relief and hospitalisation provided by public charitable institutions. A pivotal element moulding these flexible survival strategies was the ability of the aging poor to negotiate their actual needs with the different relief agencies, according to their different health status, gender, urban or rural location and household composition.

Chircop, John

2006-01-01

279

Student life - Coping with dyslexia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Some students do not discover that they have dyslexia until they reach university and the realisation can be both a shock and a relief. Many develop good coping strategies and may not disclose their disability.

Day K

2013-09-01

280

Student life - Coping with dyslexia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Some students do not discover that they have dyslexia until they reach university and the realisation can be both a shock and a relief. Many develop good coping strategies and may not disclose their disability. PMID:24063501

Day, Karen

2013-09-25

 
 
 
 
281

A longitudinal study of coping strategies in men receiving radiotherapy and neo-adjuvant androgen deprivation for prostate cancer: a quantitative and qualitative study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: This paper reports a study on how men cope with the side-effects of radiotherapy and neo-adjuvant androgen deprivation for prostate cancer up to 1 year after treatment. BACKGROUND: With early detection and improved treatments, prostate cancer survivors are living longer with the disease and the side-effects of treatment. How they cope affects their long-term physical and mental health. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal, exploratory design using both qualitative and quantitative methods was used in this study. METHOD: Between September 2006-September 2007 149 men who were about to undergo radical radiotherapy ± androgen deprivation for localized prostate cancer in Northern Ireland were recruited to the study. They completed the Brief Cope scale at four time-points. RESULTS: Acceptance, positive reframing, emotional support, planning and, just getting on with it, were the most common ways of coping. Fewer men used coping strategies less at 6 months and 1 year after radiotherapy in comparison to pre-treatment and 4-6 weeks after radiotherapy. Interviews with these men demonstrated that men adapted to a new norm, with the support of their wives/partners and did not readily seek professional help. A minority of men used alcohol, behavioural disengagement and self blame as ways of coping. CONCLUSION: Men used a variety of ways of coping to help them deal with radiotherapy and neo-adjuvant androgen deprivation for up to 12 months after radiotherapy. Interventions need to be developed to take account of the specific needs of partners of men with prostate cancer and single men who have prostate cancer.

McSorley O; McCaughan E; Prue G; Parahoo K; Bunting B; O'Sullivan J

2013-08-01

282

Comparison of acceptance-based and standard cognitive-based coping strategies for craving sweets in overweight and obese women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Existing strategies for coping with food cravings are of unknown efficacy and rely on principles that have been shown to have paradoxical effects. The present study evaluated novel, acceptance-based strategies for coping with craving by randomly assigning 48 overweight women to either an experimental psychological acceptance-oriented intervention or a standard cognitive reappraisal/distraction intervention. Participants were required to carry a box of sweets on their person for 72 h while abstaining from any consumption of sweets. Results suggested that the acceptance-based coping strategies resulted in lower cravings and reduced consumption, particularly for those who demonstrate greater susceptibility to the presence of food and report a tendency to engage in emotional eating.

Forman EM; Hoffman KL; Juarascio AS; Butryn ML; Herbert JD

2013-01-01

283

Students, stress and coping strategies: a case of Pakistani medical school.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Assess the perception of stress amongst medical students and their coping strategies. METHODOLOGY/STUDY DESIGN: A cross sectional study using a semi-structured self administered questionnaire was carried out over four weeks, using a small sample of students of all categories and classes of a medical college. RESULTS: A total of 264 students out of 300 (88%) filled in the questionnaire. Inability to cope, helplessness, increased psychological pressure, mental tension and too much workload are 'stress factors' for students. A considerable majority (> 90%) think that they have been stressed at one time or another. Ninety-four per cent of males have experienced stress. The senior students of the fourth and final year feel more stressed (95% and 98% respectively). Low moods, inability to concentrate, loss of temper are most common symptoms. Females report more symptoms. Academics and exams are the most powerful stressors. Sports, music, hanging out with friends, sleeping or going into isolation are various coping mechanisms. Stress can affect the academic performance. If needed, students prefer to talk to a peer. They demand more recreational activities on campus, revised schedule of academics and exams, better counselling facilities and improvement in student-teacher relationship. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of perceived stress seems to be high among medical students, which tends to affect not only their academic performances but also all aspects of health. Review of academics and exam schedules, more leisure time activities, better interaction with the faculty and proper guidance, advisory services and peer counselling at the campus could do a lot to reduce the stress.

Shaikh BT; Kahloon A; Kazmi M; Khalid H; Nawaz K; Khan N; Khan S

2004-11-01

284

Mixed-gender groups: coping strategies and factors of psychological adaptation in a polar environment.  

Science.gov (United States)

The polar environment is often seen as a good analog for long-term space missions in terms of isolation and confinement. This paper focuses on the psychological adaptation of both the men and women in mixed-gender groups in the French polar station Dumont d'Urville. The first 49 expeditions to this station were composed of men only in groups of 25-30. In 2000, two women were included in the first mixed-gender wintering group, followed by five women in 2001. This study on coping strategies and psychological adaptation was included in an end-of-mission debriefing performed by a psychologist. Data were collected using a few quantitative tools and a semi-structured interview, and focused on adaptation to wintering, coping strategies, and information on interpersonal relationships. Including women in a wintering group seems to have had positive effects on the general climate of the group by reducing men's rude behavior, but it also seems to be an important stressor for both men and women when the females' average age is close to the males' because seduction behaviors appear and rivalry, frustration, and sexual harassment frequently result. The use of problem-oriented strategies helps women to adapt. There are strong arguments indicating that living in an isolated and confined environment magnifies the usual difficulties that arise in mixed-gender relationships. Difficulties may be magnified in space since the group size is smaller and the confinement more extreme. This implies the need for rigorous select-in criteria for both men and women, especially for relational criteria, and for group training after selection. PMID:15267070

Rosnet, Elisabeth; Jurion, Sylvie; Cazes, Geneviève; Bachelard, Claude

2004-07-01

285

Relationship between health status, illness perceptions, coping strategies and psychological morbidity: A preliminary study with IBD stoma patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Individuals living with IBD and a stoma are at an increased risk of anxiety and depression and it is likely that several factors mediate these relationships, including illness perceptions and coping strategies. Using the Common Sense Model (CSM), this study aimed to characterize the mediators of anxiety and depression in an IBD stoma cohort. METHODS: Eighty-three adults (23 males) with a stoma (25 ileostomy, 58 colostomy; 26 emergency, 57 planned, 55 permanent, 28 temporary) completed an online survey. Health status was measured with the Health Orientation Scale (HOS), coping styles assessed with the Carver Brief COPE scale, illness perceptions explored with the Brief Illness Perceptions Questionnaire (BIPQ), and anxiety and depression were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). RESULTS: Combining the questionnaire data using structural equation modeling resulted in a final model with an excellent fit (?(2) (11)=12.86, p=0.30, ?(2)/N=1.17, SRMR<0.05, RMSEA<0.05, GFI>0.96, CFI>0.99). Consistent with the CSM, health status directly influenced illness perceptions, which in turn, influenced coping (emotion-focused and maladaptive coping). Interestingly, months since surgery was found to influence illness perceptions and emotion-focused coping directly, but not health status. While depression was influenced by illness perceptions, emotion-focused coping and maladaptive coping, anxiety was only influenced by illness perceptions and maladaptive coping. CONCLUSIONS: The preliminary results provide further evidence for the complex interplay between psychological processes. In terms of directions for psychological interventions, a focus on identifying and working with illness perceptions is important.

Knowles SR; Cook SI; Tribbick D

2013-11-01

286

Development and validation of the coping with terror scale.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Terrorism creates lingering anxiety about future attacks. In prior terror research, the conceptualization and measurement of coping behaviors were constrained by the use of existing coping scales that index reactions to daily hassles and demands. The authors created and validated the Coping with Terror Scale to fill the measurement gap. The authors emphasized content validity, leveraging the knowledge of terror experts and groups of Israelis. A multistep approach involved construct definition and item generation, trimming and refining the measure, exploring the factor structure underlying item responses, and garnering evidence for reliability and validity. The final scale comprised six factors that were generally consistent with the authors' original construct specifications. Scores on items linked to these factors demonstrate good reliability and validity. Future studies using the Coping with Terror Scale with other populations facing terrorist threats are needed to test its ability to predict resilience, functional impairment, and psychological distress.

Stein NR; Schorr Y; Litz BT; King LA; King DW; Solomon Z; Horesh D

2013-10-01

287

A note on emotion appraisal and burnout: the mediating role of antecedent-focused coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Burnout is a serious problem in the profession of teaching. Previous studies have found that teachers with high perceived abilities to appraise emotions tend to experience symptoms of burnout less frequently than others. The aim of this study was to investigate processes that may underlie this relation. We hypothesized that teachers' perceived abilities to appraise their own and others' emotions would facilitate proactive coping and attending to student needs. In turn, these antecedent-focused regulation strategies were expected to help teachers deal with emotionally demanding situations at work. We tested the hypotheses using multiple mediation analyses of self-report data from 300 teachers, controlling for general perceived self-efficacy, teaching experience, work demands, and school-level effects. Results showed that both proactive coping and attending to student needs constituted mediators of the relations between self-emotion appraisal and burnout as well as between other-emotion appraisal and burnout. Although we cannot infer causality from the present data, the perceived abilities to appraise their own emotions and those of others may help to protect teachers from burnout by enabling them to prevent potential stressors and to engage with their students effectively.

Nizielski S; Hallum S; Schütz A; Lopes PN

2013-07-01

288

Poverty among Rural Communities in Kelantan and Terengganu: The Role of Institutions, Farmers Risk Management and Coping Strategies  

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Full Text Available The wellbeing and livelihoods of people are two important aspects of poverty which in turn area dependent on the households' coping capabilities and their abilities to manage risks. The roles of institutions such as Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and particularly the government are important in ensuring the welfare of the people. Empirically, little is known on the link between households' coping strategies, government policies and institutions. This study investigates and analyzes the role of people's risk management and coping strategies in building their capacities. Using a structured socio-economic questionnaire, 302 randomly selected farmers in both states were tested. Household income decreased by RM52, RM81 and RM102 due to illnesses, floods and economic recession respectively. In order to cope with these stressors, households implemented coping strategies rather than preparatory ones which can strengthen their capacities to manage against any unexpected threat. In some cases these strategies threatened households welfare. Less risky production activities, spending saving and out-migration looking for job led to decrease households monthly income by as high as RM123, RM139 and RM166, respectively. Although the results showed that institutions did not lead households to fall into poverty trap, their supports also made no difference. These institutions are active and provide the needed services to the communities only after a disaster have occurred. This observation is based on the positive relationship between households coping strategies and institutional supports (r = 0.310, p = 0.000). The relationship between households risk management and institutional support was not significant (r = 0.087, p = 0.067) based on this study.

Senadjki Abdelhak; Jamalludin Sulaiman; Saidatulakmal Mohd

2012-01-01

289

Cultural beliefs and coping strategies related to childhood cancer: the perceptions of South Asian immigrant parents in Canada.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to describe cultural beliefs and coping strategies related to dealing with childhood cancer identified through a qualitative study of the caregiving experiences of first-generation South Asian immigrant parents of children with cancer. A constructivist grounded theory approach was employed. Families with a child at least 6 months postdiagnosis were recruited from 5 Canadian pediatric oncology centers. In-depth semistructured interviews were conducted in English, Hindi, Punjabi, or Urdu with a sample of 25 South Asian parents. Analysis of interviews involved line-by-line coding and using the constant comparison method. The following 2 central themes related to culture and coping emerged: (a) cultural beliefs about childhood cancer being incurable, rare, unspeakable, and understood through religion and (b) parental coping strategies included gaining information about the child's cancer, practicing religious rituals and prayers, trusting the health care professionals, and obtaining mutual support from other South Asian parents. These cultural beliefs and coping strategies have important implications for health care providers to understand the variations in the perceptions of childhood cancer and coping in order to implement culturally sensitive health care services. PMID:21646638

Banerjee, Ananya Tina; Watt, Lisa; Gulati, Sonia; Sung, Lillian; Dix, David; Klassen, Robert; Klassen, Anne F

2011-06-06

290

Cultural beliefs and coping strategies related to childhood cancer: the perceptions of South Asian immigrant parents in Canada.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study is to describe cultural beliefs and coping strategies related to dealing with childhood cancer identified through a qualitative study of the caregiving experiences of first-generation South Asian immigrant parents of children with cancer. A constructivist grounded theory approach was employed. Families with a child at least 6 months postdiagnosis were recruited from 5 Canadian pediatric oncology centers. In-depth semistructured interviews were conducted in English, Hindi, Punjabi, or Urdu with a sample of 25 South Asian parents. Analysis of interviews involved line-by-line coding and using the constant comparison method. The following 2 central themes related to culture and coping emerged: (a) cultural beliefs about childhood cancer being incurable, rare, unspeakable, and understood through religion and (b) parental coping strategies included gaining information about the child's cancer, practicing religious rituals and prayers, trusting the health care professionals, and obtaining mutual support from other South Asian parents. These cultural beliefs and coping strategies have important implications for health care providers to understand the variations in the perceptions of childhood cancer and coping in order to implement culturally sensitive health care services.

Banerjee AT; Watt L; Gulati S; Sung L; Dix D; Klassen R; Klassen AF

2011-05-01

291

Behavioral training and predisposed coping strategies interact to influence resilience in male Long-Evans rats: implications for depression.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Effective coping strategies and adaptive behavioral training build resilience against stress-induced pathology. Both predisposed and acquired coping strategies were investigated in rats to determine their impact on stress responsiveness and emotional resilience. Male Long-Evans rats were assigned to one of the three coping groups: passive, active, or variable copers. Rats were then randomly assigned to either an effort-based reward (EBR) contingent training group or a non-contingent training group. Following EBR training, rats were tested in appetitive and stressful challenge tasks. Physiological responses included changes in fecal corticosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) metabolites as well as neuropeptide Y (NPY)-immunoreactivity in the hippocampus and amygdala. Regardless of a rat's predisposed coping strategy, EBR rats persisted longer than non-contingent rats in the appetitive problem-solving task. Furthermore, training and coping styles interacted to yield the seemingly most adaptive DHEA/corticosterone ratios in the EBR-trained variable copers. Regardless of training group, variable copers exhibited increased NPY-immunoreactivity in the CA1 region.

Bardi M; Rhone AP; Franssen CL; Hampton JE; Shea EA; Hyer MM; Huber J; Lambert KG

2012-05-01

292

Exaustão emocional: relações com a percepção de suporte organizacional e com as estratégias de coping no trabalho/ Emotional exhaustion: relationships with the perceived organizational support and coping strategies in the work place  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A exaustão emocional é considerada como o fator central do burnout. Diversas pesquisas mostram que características do ambiente de trabalho e do trabalhador estão associadas ao desenvolvimento da exaustão emocional. Este trabalho apresenta os resultados de uma investigação sobre dois aspectos importantes para o estudo da exaustão emocional: a percepção de suporte organizacional (PSO) e o coping no trabalho. 369 trabalhadores responderam uma escala de exaustão em (more) ocional, uma de PSO e outra de coping no trabalho. Os fatores gestão de desempenho, sobrecarga, suporte social e ascensão e salários da escala de PSO e o fator escape da escala de coping revelaram-se preditores significativos da dimensão exaustão psicológica da escala de exaustão emocional. A segunda dimensão desta escala, percepção de desgaste, só foi predita significativamente pelos fatores suporte social e sobrecarga da escala de PSO. Recomendações para lidar com a exaustão emocional são apresentadas. Abstract in english Emotional exhaustion is regarded as the principal dimension of the burnout. Several studies show that characteristics of job setting and the employee are associated with the development of emotional exhaustion. This study present the results of a research about the relationship among emotional exhaustion, the perceived organizational support (POS) and coping strategies in the work place. 396 workers answered a scale of emotional exhaustion, one of POS and one another of c (more) oping. The dimensions performance management, overload, social support and promotion and salaries from the POS scale and the dimension escape from the coping scale were significant predictors of the dimension psychological exhaustion from the emotional exhaustion scale. The second dimension from the emotional exhaustion scale, perception of wear, was significantly predicted only by the factors social support and overload from the POS scale. Recommendations for the management of emotional exhaustion are presented.

Tamayo, Mauricio Robayo; Tróccoli, Bartholomeu Tôrres

2002-01-01

293

O aluno de medicina e estratégias de enfrentamento no atendimento ao paciente/ Medicine students and coping strategies in patient care  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Conhecer as situações estressantes e as estratégias de enfrentamento utilizadas por alunos de medicina na relação de atendimento ao paciente. MÉTODO: Estudo exploratório, descritivo e qualitativo realizado na Universidade Federal de Sergipe com 50 alunos do 10º período do curso médico. Utilizou-se questionário autoaplicável com perguntas abertas e fechadas. Os dados foram interpretados pela análise de conteúdo categorial. RESULTADOS: As relações (more) interpessoais aluno-professor, aluno-paciente e aluno-familiar do paciente proporcionaram aos estudantes vivências embaraçosas e constrangedoras, fazendo-os sentir-se expostos e vulneráveis. O sofrimento do paciente também constituiu uma situação estressora que mobilizou nos estudantes a adoção de estratégias de enfrentamento (aceitação de responsabilidade, resolução de problemas, suporte social, reavaliação positiva, fuga-esquiva e religiosidade) para controlar e minimizar seus sentimentos. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo revelou as situações e fatores estressantes inerentes à vivência acadêmica, os quais levaram o estudante a desenvolver comportamentos adaptativos identificados como estratégias de enfrentamento. A pesquisa também sinalizou a importância de se dar atenção às especificidades e necessidades do aluno e do docente. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To understand stressful situations and coping strategies used by medicine students in relation to patient care. METHODS: Exploratory, descriptive and qualitative study conducted at the Federal University of Sergipe with fifty 5th year medicine students. A self-report containing open-ended and closed questions was used. The data was interpreted through categorical content analysis. RESULTS: The interpersonal relationships between student-teacher, student-patient (more) , and student-patient's family led to undergraduates experiencing embarrassing and awkward situations, making them feel exposed and vulnerable. Patient suffering was a really stressful situation, forcing students to adopt coping strategies (acceptance of responsibility, problem solving, social support, positive reappraisal, escape-avoidance, and religious belief) to control and minimize their feelings. CONCLUSION: The study revealed situations and stressors inherent to the academic experience, which led the student to develop adaptive behaviors identified as coping strategies. The survey also indicated the importance of giving attention to the specificities and needs of the student and the teacher.

Trindade, Leda Maria Delmondes Freitas; Vieira, Maria Jésia

2013-06-01

294

Relationship between Running Away from Home with Coping Strategies and Attributional Styles in Female Adolescents in the City of Meshed  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AbstractObjectives: This study was conducted to examine the relationship of coping strategies and attributional styles with the risk of running away from home, among female adolescents. Method: 500 females from Meshed city (located in north east of Iran) high schools at districts 2, 5 and 7 were selected using random cluster sampling. All subjects completed 4 questionnaires: demographic characteristics, Risk of Running Away from Home, Coping Strategies, and Attributional Styles. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression. Results: There was significant relationship between female’s running away from home and social support coping strategies, physical and emotional inhibition, stable-unstable aspects of failure, and  stable-unstable, internal-external, and total-partial aspects of success in Attributional Styles Questionnaire. Regression analysis revealed a significant role for physical and emotional inhibition strategies and total-partial success in female’s running away from home (p<0.01). Conclusion: There was significant correlation between coping strategies and attributional styles with risk of females’ running away from home.

Hossein Shareh; Ali Asghar Asgharnejad Farid; Rokhsare Yazdandoost

2009-01-01

295

Child coping, parent coping assistance, and post-traumatic stress following paediatric physical injury.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Following a physical injury, many children exhibit long-term psychological reactions such as post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Children's coping strategies, and the ways that others help them cope with injury (i.e. coping assistance), are understudied, potentially malleable variables that could be targeted in preventive interventions. The objectives of the current research were to describe child coping behaviour and parent coping assistance following a child's injury, and to investigate the relationships among coping, coping assistance and child PTSS. METHOD: Participants included 82 children with injuries and one parent of each child. Children completed measures of coping and coping assistance 2 weeks after their injury (T1). Children also completed measures of coping and PTSS at a 3-month follow-up (T2). Parents reported on the coping assistance they provided to their child at T1. RESULTS: Children reported using an average of six coping strategies (out of 10) with wishful thinking, social support, distraction, and cognitive restructuring endorsed most frequently. Child-reported social withdrawal and resignation 2 weeks after his or her injury (T1) were related to subsequent PTSS (T2). Social withdrawal at T2 was related to concurrent child PTSS (T2). Children were more likely to seek social support when their parents reported helping their child cope. No relationships were identified between active coping behaviours or parent coping assistance and PTSS outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that children's coping strategies (particularly social withdrawal and resignation) play a possibly important, complex role in the development of traumatic stress symptoms. When parents help their child cope, children are more likely to seek out social support, suggesting that they will be more able to ask their parents for help as needed. Future research should identify effective strategies to prevent PTSS including how parents can best support their child following paediatric injury.

Marsac ML; Donlon KA; Winston FK; Kassam-Adams N

2013-03-01

296

Hope as a coping strategy for the spinal cord injured individual.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This case study described how one spinal cord injured individual used hope as a coping strategy. Using observations and unstructured interviews, the indicators of hope were explored, as well as how hope was sustained over time and during crises. Data were gathered while nursing the individual, and his family using the McGill Model of Nursing. Qualitative data analysis revealed four categories which reflected indicators of hope (focusing on progress, positive interpretation, selective attention, goal setting), and seven categories of how hope was sustained (family responsibility, meaning in life, significant others, uncertainty of physiological status, past experience, goal attainment). Analysis of data also revealed that hope was goal directed, and hope was based on the reality perceptions of the individual. Over time, all indicators of hope were gradually displayed more often, and there was a gradual increase in focus on the meaning in life, family responsibility and goal achievement to sustain hope. Implications for nursing and research are suggested.

Davies H

1993-12-01

297

Cyberbullying in Germany – an exploration of prevalence, overlapping with real life bullying and coping strategies  

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Full Text Available A new phenomenon of violence among pupils has been spreading over Europe in the last few years: Cyberbullying, the repeated and intended hurting of weaker schoolmates via modern communication technologies. This study shows (based on a sample of 1987 pupils), that cyberbullying exists in Germany, although the number of incidents is still rather small. It could also be shown, that the pupils who act as cyberbullies are the same as those who bully others in real life. The same overlap was found to be true for the victims. Cyberbullying can therefore be considered a subcategory of ordinary bullying instead of being considered a whole new phenomenon. The exploration of coping strategies showed, that a common factor structure underlies physical, verbal and cyberbullying. Considering the fact that the findings of the study are based on an online questionnaire with restricted representativeness, the results should however be interpreted carefully.

JULIA RIEBEL; REINHOLD S. JÄGER; UWE C. FISCHER

2009-01-01

298

Aggression on the Road as a Function of Stress, Coping Strategies and Driver Style  

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Full Text Available According to Lazarus and Folkman’s [1] transactional cognitive model, people differ in their sensitivity and vulnerabil- ity to stressful events. Using questionnaire and observational techniques, the model was tested as a possible explanation for aggressive driving behavior. Responses from 226 drivers who were also observed driving their cars provided evidence for a link between stress and aggressive driving as well as between problem-solving strategy as a coping device in stressful situations and hostile behaviors. In addition, analysis showed that, in general, the more years of driving experience a driver has, the more likely he/she is to respond with instrumental rather than hostile aggression. Besides support for the theoretical model, some of the practical applications as they related to highway safety and the prevention of traffic accidents were presented.

Lipaz Shamoa-Nir; Meni Koslowsky

2010-01-01

299

Zhejiang SMEs Business Operation and Financing Difficulties Analysis and the Bank’s Coping Strategy  

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Full Text Available In this study, we have a research of the Zhejiang SMEs business operation and financing difficulties analysis and the bank’s coping strategy. Since the beginning of 2011, Zhejiang SMEs have fallen into business difficulties under heavy pressure from “3-shortage and 2-high”, namely, shortage of money, shortage of electricity and shortage of labor and high cost and high taxes. This even leads to the “tide of enterprise collapse”. In such a dilemma, problems of financial shortage and financing difficulties of SMEs are quite prominent. Besides, main financing channel of Zhejiang SMEs is the private credit market while loans from banks accounting only a minor proportion. Thus, enterprises have relatively vulnerable capital chain and large capital liquidity risk. Banks shall actively deal with this problem, pay much attention and strengthen risk management, strengthen asset preservation and effectively improve the risk management level of banks.

Xuwei Chen

2013-01-01

300

Efficiency of Moisture Stress Risk Coping Strategies in North Eastern Ethiopia: Application of Mean-Variance Efficiency Analysis  

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Full Text Available This research investigated the efficiency of the crop enterprise mix farmers formulate to cope with moisture stress risk given the different constraints they are living with. Farmers’ moisture risk coping strategies are mainly explained by the allocation of farm land among the different crop enterprises they produce. In the less moisture stressed (LMS) parts of Kalu district, farmers increase land allotted to Tef, chickpea, lentil, field pea, and emmer wheat when they expect moisture stress. Farmers in the highly moisture stressed (HMS) areas of the district increase land under Tef, chickpea, maize, and haricot bean instead of sorghum. The results from the analysis using parametric linear programming (PLP)justify the efficiency of farmers’ moisture stress risk coping strategies. The results also imply the necessity for greater emphasis on land allocation to pulses and cereals that have attractive market prices to improve the returns to farming communities.

Girma T. Kassie; Debrah Maleni; Simon Gwara; Bezabih Emana

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Vulnerabilidade ao stress, estratégias de coping e autoeficácia em professores portugueses/ Vulnerability to stress, coping strategies and self-efficiency among Portuguese teachers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Neste trabalho, apresentamos uma investigação realizada com professores, no qual se procura determinar a vulnerabilidade ao stress; identificar as principais fontes de stress; estabelecer as principais estratégias de coping; analisar se as estratégias deste condicionam a presença de stress laboral; e reconhecer se a autoeficácia percebida é preditora desse tipo de stress. Trata-se duma investigação por questionário, do tipo correlacional, e a amostra é constitu (more) ída por 54 professores do Ensino Básico público português. As respostas ao Questionário sociodemográfico e profissional; ao Questionário de Vulnerabilidade ao Stress - 23QVS (Serra, 2000); ao Questionário de Stress nos Professores - QSP (Gomes et al., 2006; Gomes, 2007); ao Coping Job Scale - CJS de Latack (adaptação de Jesus & Pereira, 1994); e à Escala de Avaliação de Autoeficácia Geral (Ribeiro, 1995) revelam que 20,4% dos docentes são vulneráveis ao stress; os comportamentos inadequados/indisciplina dos alunos são as principais fontes de stress; as estratégias de controlo são as mais utilizadas pelos participantes para enfrentar o stress, seguidas das de escape e das de gestão de sintomas. Os professores não vulneráveis ao stress utilizam principalmente estratégias de controlo e apresentam níveis mais elevados de eficácia perante a adversidade, bem como de iniciativa e persistência em relação aos professores vulneráveis ao stress. Abstract in english In this work we present a research carried out on teachers to determine their vulnerability to stress, to identify the main sources of stress, to recognize teachers' main coping strategies, to analyze whether such strategies condition the presence of stress at work, and to establish whether the self-efficiency perceived can be used to predict work stress. This is a correlational questionnaire-based research performed on a 54-teacher sample from Portugal's public basic edu (more) cation schools. The answers to the Social, Demographic and Professional Questionnaire, to the Stress Vulnerability Questionnaire - 23QVS (Serra, 2000), to the Teacher Stress Questionnaire - QSP (Gomes et al., 2006; Gomes, 2007), to the Coping Job Scale - CJS (Latack, adapted by Jesus and Pereira, 1994) and to the General Self-efficiency Assessment Scale (Ribeiro, 1995) reveal that 20.4% of teachers are vulnerable to stress. The study shows that the main stress sources are found in students' lack of discipline or improper behaviour, and that control strategies are the most common to deal with stress, followed by escape strategies and symptom management. Teachers not vulnerable to stress use mainly control strategies and they display higher efficiency levels under adversity, as well as more initiative and perseverance than the teachers that are vulnerable to stress.

Pocinho, Margarida; Capelo, Maria Regina

2009-08-01

302

Vulnerabilidade ao stress, estratégias de coping e autoeficácia em professores portugueses Vulnerability to stress, coping strategies and self-efficiency among Portuguese teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Neste trabalho, apresentamos uma investigação realizada com professores, no qual se procura determinar a vulnerabilidade ao stress; identificar as principais fontes de stress; estabelecer as principais estratégias de coping; analisar se as estratégias deste condicionam a presença de stress laboral; e reconhecer se a autoeficácia percebida é preditora desse tipo de stress. Trata-se duma investigação por questionário, do tipo correlacional, e a amostra é constituída por 54 professores do Ensino Básico público português. As respostas ao Questionário sociodemográfico e profissional; ao Questionário de Vulnerabilidade ao Stress - 23QVS (Serra, 2000); ao Questionário de Stress nos Professores - QSP (Gomes et al., 2006; Gomes, 2007); ao Coping Job Scale - CJS de Latack (adaptação de Jesus & Pereira, 1994); e à Escala de Avaliação de Autoeficácia Geral (Ribeiro, 1995) revelam que 20,4% dos docentes são vulneráveis ao stress; os comportamentos inadequados/indisciplina dos alunos são as principais fontes de stress; as estratégias de controlo são as mais utilizadas pelos participantes para enfrentar o stress, seguidas das de escape e das de gestão de sintomas. Os professores não vulneráveis ao stress utilizam principalmente estratégias de controlo e apresentam níveis mais elevados de eficácia perante a adversidade, bem como de iniciativa e persistência em relação aos professores vulneráveis ao stress.In this work we present a research carried out on teachers to determine their vulnerability to stress, to identify the main sources of stress, to recognize teachers' main coping strategies, to analyze whether such strategies condition the presence of stress at work, and to establish whether the self-efficiency perceived can be used to predict work stress. This is a correlational questionnaire-based research performed on a 54-teacher sample from Portugal's public basic education schools. The answers to the Social, Demographic and Professional Questionnaire, to the Stress Vulnerability Questionnaire - 23QVS (Serra, 2000), to the Teacher Stress Questionnaire - QSP (Gomes et al., 2006; Gomes, 2007), to the Coping Job Scale - CJS (Latack, adapted by Jesus and Pereira, 1994) and to the General Self-efficiency Assessment Scale (Ribeiro, 1995) reveal that 20.4% of teachers are vulnerable to stress. The study shows that the main stress sources are found in students' lack of discipline or improper behaviour, and that control strategies are the most common to deal with stress, followed by escape strategies and symptom management. Teachers not vulnerable to stress use mainly control strategies and they display higher efficiency levels under adversity, as well as more initiative and perseverance than the teachers that are vulnerable to stress.

Margarida Pocinho; Maria Regina Capelo

2009-01-01

303

Risk perception and coping strategies for risk from Popocatépetl Volcano, Mexico  

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Full Text Available The goal of this study is to explore risk perception and coping strategies used by adults living near the volcano Popocatépetl in Mexico. Qualitative and semi-quantitative data were collected with a questionnaire from 192 adult respondents. These respondents were divided into four groups (G1-G4) according to the risk zone in which they live (generally the degree of hazard decreases with increasing distances from the volcano). Analyses of the completed questionnaires were made according to sex and age range of the respondents. Not surprisingly volcanic risk was perceived as more worrisome by people living in the zone nearest the volcano’s crater (G1). However, when we asked what risks could affect them directly, perceptions changed, and volcanic risk was appraised as the most important risk potentially affecting them and their homes for risk zones G1, G2 and G3. Despite sporadic information given by the Civil Defense authorities, a high percentage of people exposed to volcanic hazards do not feel prepared to face an eruptive event, and people have no strategy to cope with general perceived risks. A high percentage of participants in the four groups stated that they would leave the area if an eruptive event occurred. This statement reflects the serious misinformation, because civil authorities do not require people living in the third and fourth zones to evacuate. The results of study demonstrate the critical need to reinforce public information campaigns regarding volcanic risk in communities vulnerable to direct damage in the event of a stronger eruption of the volcano Popocatépetl

E. López-Vázquez

2009-01-01

304

Livelihood Strategies for Coping with Land Loss among Households in Vietnam's Sub-Urban Areas  

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Full Text Available Using a novel data set from my household survey in a sub-urban district of Hanoi, Vietnam, this study is the first attempt using an econometric approach to investigate the relationship between farmland loss (due to urbanization and industrialization) and households’ livelihood strategies. The results from the multinomial logit model provide the first econometric evidence that land loss increases with the probability of households adopting a strategy specializing in a single nonfarm activity (informal paid jobs or household businesses) or diversifying in many activities. This suggests that many households have actively coped with the shock of losing land. Such adaptation strategies in the new context can help mitigate their dependence on farmland as well as might help improve their welfare. Therefore, a possible implication here is that the rising of land loss should not be seen as an absolutely negative phenomenon because it can improve household welfare by motivating households to change or diversify their livelihoods. Besides, some household asset-related variables such as education, farmland, and the prime location of houses were found to be closely associated with participation in nonfarm activities. Based on evidence from the econometric analyses, the study proposes some policy recommendations that may help households diversify or specialize in lucrative nonfarm activities, given the context of shrinking farmland due to rapid urbanization in Hanoi’s sub-urban areas.

Tran Quang Tuyen

2013-01-01

305

A Comparison of Postpartum Depression among Low-risk-pregnant Women with Emotion- and Problem-focused Coping Strategies  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Postpartum depression is one of most important health problems in women. This study was performed with the purpose of comparing the frequency of postpartum depression in pregnant women with emotion and problem-focused coping strategies. Methods: This study was conducted as a prospective cohort study on 200 pregnant women with stress (low and high levels). The samples were pregnant women referred to all health-treatment, centers of Ardabil, which were selected using a multi-stage sampling method; and according to coping strategy, they were divided into two groups: emotion-focused and problem-focused. Low-risk pregnant women completed questionnaires about demographic characteristics, perceived stress, and Billings and Moos coping strategies in the 38th to 42th week of their pregnancy, and completed the Edinburgh depression scale in the 3th to 4th weeks after childbirth. Data were analyzed using chi 2 and t tests. p<0.05 considered significant.Results: In this study, 170 participant women (85%) used emotion-focused strategy and 30 women (15%) used problem-focused strategy. Frequency of postpartum depression was 6.7% in the problem-focused group and 8.2% in the emotion-focused group. There was no significant difference in the frequency of postpartum depression between women with the problem- and emotion-focused strategies. Relative risk for postpartum depression was 1.2 times more among the women used emotion-focused strategy than women used problem-focused strategy (p<0.05).Conclusion: According to the results of this study, there was no significant relationship between postpartum depression and the two emotion-focused and problem-focused coping strategies. This can be due to high influence of postpartum specific endocrine factors in the etiology of this type of depression compared to other depressions.

Habibeh Salehi; Masumeh Simbar; Abbas Abolghasemi; Alireza Abadi

2013-01-01

306

Flooding, flood risks and coping strategies in urban informal residential areas: The case of Keko Machungwa, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania  

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Full Text Available This article presents findings from a study carried out in Keko Machungwa informal settlement in Dar es Salaam under the auspices of the Disaster Management Training Centre of Ardhi University, Tanzania. The settlement has experienced frequent flooding in the past five years, and this study explores the causes, risks, extent of flooding and coping strategies of residents as well as municipality and city officials. Key methods employed in capturing empirical evidence included mapping of zones by severity of flooding, interviews with households, sub-ward leaders, and municipal and city officials. Non-participant observation, primarily taking photographs, complemented these methods. Laboratory tests of water samples taken from shallow wells in the settlement were performed to establish the level of pollution. In addition, records of prevalence of water-borne diseases were gathered from a dispensary within the settlement to corroborate flooding events, water pollution and occurrence of such diseases. Findings show that flooding is contributed to by the lack of a coordinated stormwater drainage system; haphazard housing development within the valley; and blocking of the water stream by haphazard dumping of solid waste and construction. Risks associated with flooding include water and air pollution, diseases, waterlogging and blocked accessibility. The most common coping strategies at household level are use of sandbags and tree logs; raised pit latrines and doorsteps; provision of water outlet pipes above plinth level; construction of embankments, protection walls and elevation of house foundations; seasonal displacement; and boiling and chemical treatment of water. Recommendations for future action at household, community and city level are made.

Tumpale Sakijege; John Lupala; Shaaban Sheuya

2012-01-01

307

Dental coping strategies, general anxiety, and depression among adult patients with dental anxiety but with different dental-attendance patterns.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the present study was to investigate dental coping strategies, general anxiety, and depression in relation to regularity of dental treatment among persons with either regular dental care or phobic avoidance, whilst controlling for sociodemographic factors. Psychometric questionnaires on dental anxiety, dental coping strategies, general anxiety, and depression were delivered to 263 adult patients with dental phobic avoidance behavior who were seeking help from a specialized dental fear clinic and to 141 adult patients with dental anxiety who were receiving regular dental care from various public dental clinics. The results showed that the levels of dental and general anxiety and of depression were significantly higher among irregular attendees compared with regular attendees. Irregular attendees admitted fewer adaptive coping strategies. Predictive of irregular dental care were gender, dental anxiety, general anxiety, and the nonuse of the coping strategy 'optimism'. This study further confirms earlier preliminary results that the use of optimistic thinking is predictive for regular dental attendance habits and that male gender is a risk factor for irregular attendance. Moreover, this study adds that a high level of general anxiety indicates a higher risk for irregular dental care.

Bernson JM; Elfström ML; Hakeberg M

2013-06-01

308

Mass Customization in Schools: Strategies Dutch Secondary Schools Pursue to Cope with the Diversity-Efficiency Dilemma  

Science.gov (United States)

|Faced with the diversity-efficiency dilemma, private companies apply "mass customization" strategies to add diversity without adding costs. As schools are urged to become more "customer oriented" they also face a diversity-efficiency dilemma. This article asks how Dutch secondary schools cope with this dilemma and to what extent they apply "mass…

Waslander, Sietske

2007-01-01

309

Pathways between Interparental Conflict and Adolescent Psychological Adjustment: Bridging Links through Children's Cognitive Appraisals and Coping Strategies  

Science.gov (United States)

Using a three-wave longitudinal design, the present study examined adolescents' cognitive appraisals and coping strategies following exposure to interparental conflict and their long-term symptoms of emotional and behavioral distress. Participants were 252 adolescents (122 boys, 130 girls; ages 11 to 12 years in the 1st year of the study), their…

Shelton, Katherine H.; Harold, Gordon T.

2008-01-01

310

Health Status and Coping Strategies among Older Parent-Carers of Adults with Intellectual Disabilities in an Australian Sample  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Older parent-carers in Australia are the subject of increasing policy and practice attention due to concerns about their ongoing ability to care in the light of their own ageing and the ageing of their adult son or daughter. This paper examines health status and the coping strategies of a group of older Australian parents caring for an…

Llewellyn, Gwynnyth; McConnell, David; Gething, Lindsay; Cant, Rosemary; Kendig, Hal

2010-01-01

311

Self-esteem in children and adolescents with mobility impairment: impact on well-being and coping strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The first aim was to investigate dimension-specific and global self-esteem in children and adolescents with mobility impairment and to analyse the relation between self-esteem and demographic data and disability characteristics. The second aim was to identify the impact of five self-esteem dimensions on well-being and coping strategies. METHODS: A total of 138 children and adolescents aged 7-18 years with mobility impairment took part in a semi-structured interview. Demographic and disability characteristics were recorded and motor function was assessed. Self-esteem was measured by the 'I think I am' inventory. Perceived overall well-being was measured by a nine-grade visual scale, the Snoopy scale, and coping strategies by the Children's Coping Strategies Checklist. RESULTS: Although a majority estimated a relatively high level of dimension-specific and global self-esteem, several demographic and disability factors for lower self-esteem were identified. Those who estimated their 'physical characteristics' lower used the coping strategy 'distraction' more often. Three out of five dimensions of self-esteem were positively associated with perceived overall well-being: 'physical characteristics', 'psychological well-being' and 'relationships with others'. CONCLUSION: Awareness of vulnerability factors for lower self-esteem in children and adolescents with mobility impairment offer health care professionals specific opportunities to enhance self-esteem in this group.

Jemtå L; Fugl-Meyer KS; Oberg K; Dahl M

2009-03-01

312

Microhealth insurance and the risk coping strategies for the management of illness in Karnataka: a case study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Risk coping strategies adopted by the households in the event of illness depends on the accessibility to healthcare financing mechanisms including health insurance. The empirical evidence on the effect of microhealth insurance (MHI) on the risk coping strategies of the households is scarce. This paper evaluates the impact of Sampoorna Suraksha Program, a nongovernmental organization-initiated MHI scheme and the risk coping strategies of households faced with medical illness in Karnataka state, India. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, we collected data from 416 insured households, 366 newly insured households and 364 uninsured households in randomly selected 10 taluks in three districts of Karnataka state, India. We hypothesized that insured individuals rely less on ex post risk coping strategies (borrowing, use of savings and sale of assets) compared with uninsured and newly insured individuals. Our hypothesis was tested using logistic and linear regression analysis. A significant difference among insured, uninsured and newly insured individuals was found for borrowing but not in the use of savings or sale of assets. A positive impact of MHI on illness-induced borrowing (both incidence and amount) was evident. The evidence from this study reinforces the role of MHI as a pivotal financing alternative to out-of-pocket expenditure in India. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Savitha B; K B K

2013-08-01

313

Mass Customization in Schools: Strategies Dutch Secondary Schools Pursue to Cope with the Diversity-Efficiency Dilemma  

Science.gov (United States)

Faced with the diversity-efficiency dilemma, private companies apply "mass customization" strategies to add diversity without adding costs. As schools are urged to become more "customer oriented" they also face a diversity-efficiency dilemma. This article asks how Dutch secondary schools cope with this dilemma and to what extent they apply "mass…

Waslander, Sietske

2007-01-01

314

Rural Schoolteachers and the Pressures of Community Life: Local and Cosmopolitan Coping Strategies in Mid-Twentieth-Century Finland  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses rural schoolteachers' relationships with local village communities in mid-twentieth-century Finland. At the time, Finnish rural teachers were typically very public figures in their local community. To deal with the pressures of their position, teachers resorted to coping strategies which the authors name "local" and…

Anttila, Erkko; Vaananen, Ari

2013-01-01

315

Human Resource Development: Strategies for Sustainable Rural Development  

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Full Text Available This research investigates the Human Resources Development and strategies for the sustainable rural development in Pakistan. The data were collected from 300 respondents from five Districts Dadu, Nawabshah, Shikarpur, Jacobabad and Kashmore by using simple random technique. It was revealed that the HRD policies are not effective in the rural development in rural Sindh. Studies suggest that the success of a small firm depend more upon the policies it adopted than the buoyancy of the market in which it operates. It was further revealed that external influences are less important, than individual factors, particularly the management competencies and the personal attributes to cope with the small business environment. Some individual’s successes as entrepreneur when the odds seems stacked against them, whilst other fail when the conditions for success are relatively good. Micro and Macro both strategies should be properly designed to address the problems of rural people.

Abdul Latif; Muhammad Suhail Nazar; Tariq Mehmood Khan; Faiz. M. Shaikh

2011-01-01

316

Análise da síndrome de "burnout" e das estratégias de "coping" em atletas brasileiros de vôlei de praia Analysis of burnout syndrome and coping strategies in Brazilian athletes beach volleyball  

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Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar a síndrome de "burnout" e as estratégias de "coping" de jogadores de vôlei de praia. Participaram 93 atletas, das categorias sub-21 e "open" do circuito brasileiro de vôlei de praia. Como instrumentos foram utilizados uma ficha com dados de identificação, Questionário de "Burnout" para Atletas e Inventário Atlético das Estratégias de "Coping". Para análise dos dados utilizou-se teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, coeficiente Alpha de Cronbach, teste 'U' de Mann-Whitney, teste de Kruskal-Wallis e coeficiente de correlação de Spearman, adotando p This study aimed to analyze burnout syndrome and coping strategies of beach volleyball players. Ninety-three athletes participated, being one group of under-21 age and another group of adult category. The both group are composed by players of the Brazilian beach volleyball championship. The instruments used were a form with data identification, Burnout Questionnaire for Athletes and Athletic Inventory of Coping Strategies. For data analysis, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Cronbach's alpha coefficient, 'U' Mann-Whitney test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman correlation coefficient, were used, considering p < 0.05. There was a significant and negative correlation between the dimensions of burnout and coping strategies. For the dimensions of burnout, just ranking obtained significant difference, while for coping strategies, gender, category, ranking and practice time showed significant differences. It was concluded that the higher burnout, fewer beach volleyball athletes use coping strategies.

Lenamar Fiorese Vieira; Nayara Malheiros Carruzo; Paulo Vitor Suto Aizava; Patrícia Aparecida Gaion Rigoni

2013-01-01

317

Life events, social support, coping strategies, and quality of life in attempted suicide: A case-control study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Though deliberate self-harm encompasses a wide variety of medical and social disciplines some of the important psychosocial variable such as life events, social support, coping strategies, and quality of life have not yet been explored in depth in India. AIMS: The aim was to analyze and compare the type and severity of life events, coping strategies, social support, and quality of life of suicide attempters versus matched normal controls, and to identify the risk factors leading to suicide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 consecutive suicide attempters were compared with same number of age, sex, and martial status matched healthy controls using Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale, Social Support Questionnaire, AECOM Coping Style Scale, and WHO QOL-Bref. RESULTS: Attempters experienced significantly more life events especially untoward events whereas the control group experienced more desirable and impersonal life events. Social support, positive coping, and of QOL were significantly lower in attempters. Among all risk factors desirable life events, good education, and good social support were protective against suicide. CONCLUSION: Suicide attempters were differentiated from healthy controls based on more stressful life events, lower social support, less healthy coping, and poor QOL. Positive life events, good education, and good social support were protective factors against suicide. However, it is difficult to pinpoint a single factor responsible for suicidal behavior. It is the complex interplay of various interrelated factors and the resultant buffering effect, which is protecting the individual against deliberate self-harm.

Kumar PN; George B

2013-01-01

318

Relationship of pain coping strategies and pain specific beliefs to pain experience in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether pain-specific beliefs and coping strategies of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) independently predict their reported pain, while controlling for relevant demographic variables, disease activity, and parent-rated disability. To compare use of pain-coping strategies and pain-related beliefs of a selected subgroup of patients with high pain and low disease activity (high pain group) with the remaining patients. METHODS: Children with JIA (n = 56) completed the Pain Coping Questionnaire, a revised version of the Survey of Pain Attitudes, and a 3-week pain diary. The parents completed the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ). Second order principal component analyses were conducted in order to reduce the number of independent variables. Regression analyses of the dependent measure were performed. The use of coping strategies and health beliefs were compared using t-tests for independent samples. Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated to examinethe direct associations between each individual coping and belief scale, and the pain measure. RESULTS: Only the CHAQ and the cognitive belief composite factor score made statistically significant contribution to the prediction of pain after controlling for other variables. Significant differences were found between the scores of high pain patients and the rest of the group for the health belief subscale of disability (mean +/- SD 2.0 +/- 0.6 and 1.2 +/- 0.7, respectively), and for the health belief subscale of harm (mean +/- SD 2.7 +/- 0.6 and 1.8 +/- 0.7, respectively). Significant correlations were obtained between the pain measure and the pain-coping subscale of catastrophizing, the pain belief subscales of disability, harm, solicitude (inverse), control, and medical cure. CONCLUSION: These results support a model of pain experience in patients with JIA where psychological factors are strongly influential. It may be efficient to focus behavioral interventions on a subgroup of children where the pain experience seems to be in discordance with the disease activity.

Thastum, Mikael; Herlin, Troels

2005-01-01

319

Estrategias de afrontamiento en enfermeras de salud mental y satisfacción laboral Coping strategies and job satisfaction in mental health nurse  

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Full Text Available Los profesionales de enfermería de salud mental trabajan principalmente con la palabra. El conocimiento y uso adecuado de estrategias de afrontamiento adaptativas, ante los problemas, favorece su trabajo. Este estudio tiene como principales objetivos: conocer las estrategias de afrontamiento que usan un grupo de profesionales de enfermería y comprobar cuáles de ellas correlacionan con satisfacción laboral. Para ello se tomado como población las enfermeras de salud mental de tres servicios del Hospital Virgen de la Victoria de Málaga. La muestra, compuesta por 44 sujetos, ha supuesto el 81,48 de la población. Las variables estudiadas se han obtenido de la contestación de autoinformes y cuestionarios anónimos tras la aceptación voluntaria de participar en el estudio. Los resultados ponen de manifiesto que las enfermeras de salud mental no usan en su mayoría estrategias adaptativas. No obstante existe una correlación positiva entre el uso de estrategias adaptativas, principalmente resolución de problemas y satisfacción laboral. Estos hallazgos sugieren la necesidad de formación y entrenamiento en el uso de estrategias de afrontamiento.The present work has two main aims: knowing the nurses’ uses about coping strategies and testing if there is any relationship between coping strategies and job satisfaction. It were applied several questionnaires to a sample of 44 nurses which were working en three services of mental health in the Virgen de la Victoria Hospital of Málaga. The results showed that the mental health nurses did not uses adaptive coping strategies. However there is a positive relationship between adaptive coping strategies and job satisfaction. These results suggest that the mental heath nurses need training about adaptive coping strategies.

J.M. Perea-Baena; L.M. Sánchez-Gil

2008-01-01

320

Estrategias de afrontamiento en enfermeras de salud mental y satisfacción laboral/ Coping strategies and job satisfaction in mental health nurse  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Los profesionales de enfermería de salud mental trabajan principalmente con la palabra. El conocimiento y uso adecuado de estrategias de afrontamiento adaptativas, ante los problemas, favorece su trabajo. Este estudio tiene como principales objetivos: conocer las estrategias de afrontamiento que usan un grupo de profesionales de enfermería y comprobar cuáles de ellas correlacionan con satisfacción laboral. Para ello se tomado como población las enfermeras de salud me (more) ntal de tres servicios del Hospital Virgen de la Victoria de Málaga. La muestra, compuesta por 44 sujetos, ha supuesto el 81,48 de la población. Las variables estudiadas se han obtenido de la contestación de autoinformes y cuestionarios anónimos tras la aceptación voluntaria de participar en el estudio. Los resultados ponen de manifiesto que las enfermeras de salud mental no usan en su mayoría estrategias adaptativas. No obstante existe una correlación positiva entre el uso de estrategias adaptativas, principalmente resolución de problemas y satisfacción laboral. Estos hallazgos sugieren la necesidad de formación y entrenamiento en el uso de estrategias de afrontamiento. Abstract in english The present work has two main aims: knowing the nurses? uses about coping strategies and testing if there is any relationship between coping strategies and job satisfaction. It were applied several questionnaires to a sample of 44 nurses which were working en three services of mental health in the Virgen de la Victoria Hospital of Málaga. The results showed that the mental health nurses did not uses adaptive coping strategies. However there is a positive relationship be (more) tween adaptive coping strategies and job satisfaction. These results suggest that the mental heath nurses need training about adaptive coping strategies.

Perea-Baena, J.M.; Sánchez-Gil, L.M.

2008-09-01

 
 
 
 
321

Coping strategies used by Pakistani parents living in the United Kingdom and caring for a severely disabled child.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: This study explores the coping strategies of Pakistani parents living in the UK and caring for children with severe learning disabilities. It examines factors that influenced participants' choice or ability to use the different strategies identified. METHOD: Qualitative design using in-depth interviews. RESULTS: Coping strategies included sharing care with others, using external support and recognizing and enjoying the rewards of caregiving. Parents used different strategies according to their appraisal of resources available and the perceived consequences of their action within their social milieu. CONCLUSIONS: Findings relating to cultural difference fit with a universalist approach. Coping strategies are not specific to the Pakistani population but certain characteristics of the strategies may be distinct to those used by parents with a different heritage. Antonovsky's work suggests that maintaining a sense of coherence makes a key difference to staying psychologically healthy in an apparently disordered world. Findings from this study fit with this theory. Parents derived meaning and a sense of purpose from the idea that their child's disability was from God. The rewards of caregiving and the strong moral imperative to care for one's own child contributed to understandings of caregiving as an activity worthy of investment.

Croot E; Grant G; Mathers N; Cooper C

2012-01-01

322

ICT Students, Stress and Coping Strategies: English Perspective A Case Study of Midsize Middle Eastern University  

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Full Text Available This study evaluates the perceptions of stress among Information and Communications Technology (ICT) students and their coping strategies in dealing with English as the medium of instruction during their university studies. A semi-structured administered survey was conducted using a sample of 267 male students of a Computer Science college from a midsize Middle Eastern university The study also used a phenomenological approach with semi-structured interviews carried out with ten students in order to clarify some of the findings of this study. Since the research topic is based on student's stress perceptions, the phenomenological analysis of transcribed student's interviews was also an appropriate tool for this study. Phenomenology enables participants to express their feelings about a particular situation or incident in their own point of view which may not be easy to express on a survey. All students who took part in this study thought that they had been stressed at one time or another due to having English as the medium of instruction without a Preparatory Year English Program (PYEP) before entering ICT courses. 62% of the students maintained that they have had episodes of stress due to the English language during their studies at one time or another. The students use different mechanisms to cope up with stress outside the university by engaging themselves in sports, surfing the web, Meditation, hanging out with, friends, sleeping or going in to isolation. The students demand interactive' English language courses, more leisure time activities on campus, proper guidance in English language courses to ease their ICT course-studies. advisory services and peer counsel ling on campus to reduce their stress.

Y M Alginahi; M Ahmed; O Tayan; A A Siddiqi; L Sharif; A Alharby; R Nour

2009-01-01

323

An Analysis of The Fatigue-Related Factors and Coping Strategies in Multiple Sclerosis Patients  

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Full Text Available Fatigue is one of the symptoms of MS that is often experienced and causes irritating situations. This study was planned and applied as a descriptive and a cross-sectional study. Study was conducted at Neurology Department of Gulhane Military Medical Academy from December 2009 to March 2010. This study was carried out using 53 participants with MS. The data were collected by using Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). 94.3% of the MS patients sampled reported that they experience the fatigue. Their perceptions about the factors affecting the fatigue are as follows: the major factor on fatigue is reported to be “sadness and frustration” (92 %). “Stress” is stated to be the second significant factor affecting the fatigue (86 %). The third significant factor for the participants is found to be “the increase in the physical activity either at home or at work” (78%). The mean FSS score is 5.01 (SD=1.54) for the participants. 92.4 % of the participants (49 persons) employ such strategies, while 7.9 % (4 persons) of them do not employ any specific coping strategy for the fatigue.

Vesile UNVER; Betül KILIC; Abdullah BOLU; Seref DEM?RKAY

2012-01-01

324

Specific Coping Behaviors in Relation to Adolescent Depression and Suicidal Ideation  

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The coping strategies used by adolescents to deal with stress may have implications for the development of depression and suicidal ideation. This study examined coping categories and specific coping behaviors used by adolescents to assess the relation of coping to depression and suicidal ideation. In hierarchical regression models, the specific…

Horwitz, Adam G.; Hill, Ryan M.; King, Cheryl A.

2011-01-01

325

Comparing the role of psychological flexibility and traditional pain management coping strategies in chronic pain treatment outcomes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Psychologically-based interventions for chronic pain traditionally include a mix of methods, including physical conditioning, training in relaxation or attention control, strategies to decrease irrational or dysfunctional thinking patterns, and activity management training. Recent developments suggest additional methods to promote acceptance, mindfulness, values-based action, and cognitive defusion (a cognitive process entailing change in the influences exerted by thoughts without necessarily changing their form or frequency). Collectively, these processes entail what is referred to as psychological flexibility. This study examined how changes in traditionally conceived methods of coping compare to changes in psychological flexibility in relation to improvements in functioning over the course of an interdisciplinary treatment program. Participants were 114 chronic pain sufferers. Results indicated that changes in the traditionally conceived methods were essentially unrelated to treatment improvements, while changes in psychological flexibility were consistently and significantly related to these improvements. We suggest that psychological flexibility appears highly relevant to the study of chronic pain and to future treatment developments. The utility of more traditionally conceived pain management strategies, on the other hand, may require a reappraisal.

Vowles KE; McCracken LM

2010-02-01

326

Test anxiety, coping strategies, and perceived health in a group of high school students: a Turkish sample.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A group of high school juniors and a group of high school seniors in Izmir, Turkey completed measures of test anxiety, coping skills, and perceived health status both before and after a major exam period. Students with high test anxiety used less effective coping mechanisms and tended to have poorer perceptions of their health. Prior to the exams, juniors displayed higher test anxiety and used less effective coping mechanisms than seniors. After the exam periods, improvements were seen for both age groups on perceived health, but scores of younger students remained significantly higher than scores of seniors on one of the key measures of test anxiety. Results of the study lend support to those of previous studies done in other cultural contexts, and findings have implications for the development of interventions designed to help students cope with stress.

Aysan F; Thompson D; Hamarat E

2001-12-01

327

???????????????????????? ?????????? A Study on University Circulation Librarian’s Service Strategy to Cope with Aggressive Patron: The Perspective of Emotional Labor  

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Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????The aggressive patrons’ outrageous and unreasonable behavior would have serious influence on circulation librarians. However, in order to maintain the service quality, “emotional labor” is usually performed by the librarians when encounter aggressive patrons. Emotional labor is the manipulation of the required emotional expression, and the strategies used to maintain the service quality. To understand circulation librarians’ service strategies coping with aggressive patrons from the perspective of emotional labor, semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted in this study. The interviewees consisted of 15 university circulation librarians all over Taiwan. The findings revealed that the factors which may elicit aggressive reaction included library services and the patrons’ personal traits. And to cope with the aggressive patrons, the circulation librarians would employ self-controlling, surface acting, and other service strategies such as persuasion or active listening.

Chen Su-May Sheih

2013-01-01

328

Treatment-seeking behaviour, cost burdens and coping strategies among rural and urban households in Coastal Kenya: an equity analysis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Ill-health can inflict costs on households directly through spending on treatment and indirectly through impacting on labour productivity. The financial burden can be high and, for poor households, contributes significantly to declining welfare. We investigated socio-economic inequities in self-reported illnesses, treatment-seeking behaviour, cost burdens and coping strategies in a rural and urban setting along the Kenyan coast. We conducted a survey of 294 rural and 576 urban households, 9 FGDs and 9 in-depth interviews in each setting. Key findings were significantly higher levels of reported chronic and acute conditions in the rural setting, differences in treatment-seeking patterns by socio-economic status (SES) and by setting, and regressive cost burdens in both areas. These data suggest the need for greater governmental and non-governmental efforts towards protecting the poor from catastrophic illness cost burdens. Promising health sector options are elimination of user fees, at least in targeted hardship areas, developing more flexible charging systems, and improving quality of care in all facilities. The data also strongly support the need for a multi-sectoral approach to protecting households. Potential interventions beyond the health sector include supporting the social networks that are key to household livelihood strategies and promoting micro-finance schemes that enable small amounts of credit to be accessed with minimal interest rates.

Chuma J; Gilson L; Molyneux C

2007-05-01

329

Treatment-seeking behaviour, cost burdens and coping strategies among rural and urban households in Coastal Kenya: an equity analysis.  

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Ill-health can inflict costs on households directly through spending on treatment and indirectly through impacting on labour productivity. The financial burden can be high and, for poor households, contributes significantly to declining welfare. We investigated socio-economic inequities in self-reported illnesses, treatment-seeking behaviour, cost burdens and coping strategies in a rural and urban setting along the Kenyan coast. We conducted a survey of 294 rural and 576 urban households, 9 FGDs and 9 in-depth interviews in each setting. Key findings were significantly higher levels of reported chronic and acute conditions in the rural setting, differences in treatment-seeking patterns by socio-economic status (SES) and by setting, and regressive cost burdens in both areas. These data suggest the need for greater governmental and non-governmental efforts towards protecting the poor from catastrophic illness cost burdens. Promising health sector options are elimination of user fees, at least in targeted hardship areas, developing more flexible charging systems, and improving quality of care in all facilities. The data also strongly support the need for a multi-sectoral approach to protecting households. Potential interventions beyond the health sector include supporting the social networks that are key to household livelihood strategies and promoting micro-finance schemes that enable small amounts of credit to be accessed with minimal interest rates. PMID:17445135

Chuma, Jane; Gilson, Lucy; Molyneux, Catherine

2007-05-01

330

Anxiety and depression are associated with coping strategies in caregivers of Alzheimer's disease patients: results from the MALAGA-AD study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Caregiving for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is highly stressful and has significant negative consequences, such as anxiety and depression. Previous research offers conflicting findings as to whether coping strategies are associated with greater psychological distress or not. We conducted this study with a view to obtaining new data regarding the association of coping strategies and psychological distress in AD caregivers. METHODS: Eighty people with AD and their primary caregivers living in the community were recruited from local health services. Purposive recruitment was carried out to ensure that the sample was representative of people living with dementia in terms of dementia severity, gender, and care setting. We used the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory to measure anxiety, the Beck Depression Inventory to measure depression, and the Coping Strategies Inventory to measure coping strategies. RESULTS: Most caregivers reported higher anxiety and depression levels. Use of disengagement coping strategies (Wald = 3.35, p = 0.01) and higher caregiver burden (Wald = 4.83, p = 0.02) predicted anxiety on logistic regression. In turn, use of disengagement coping strategies (Wald = 12.48, p = 0.001) and higher caregiver burden (Wald = 6.91, p = 0.009) predicted depression on logistic regression. CONCLUSION: These results may be useful for designing treatment interventions that aim to modify the use of coping strategies and thus reduces caregiver anxiety and depression.

García-Alberca JM; Cruz B; Lara JP; Garrido V; Lara A; Gris E

2012-08-01

331

Strategies for coping with feed scarcity among urban and peri-urban livestock farmers in Kampala, Uganda  

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Full Text Available Livestock keeping is increasingly becoming more popular in Kampala, the capital city of Uganda. However, lack of feed is a real challenge. Inadequate feed supply in urban areas is due to many interacting factors, which include among others land shortage, high cost of feeds, climate risks and poor quality of feeds. The objective of this study was to identify and examine the effectiveness of the strategies adopted by livestock farmers in urban and peri-urban areas of Kampala, Uganda to cope with feed scarcity. A total of 120 livestock farmers from Kampala were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Dairy cattle (48.3%) and chickens (37.5%) were the most common species, followed by pigs (34.2%), goats (26.7%) and sheep (3.3%). Farm size was generally small both in terms of herd size and total landholding. Cattle and pig farmers in urban and peri-urban areas of Kampala ranked feed scarcity as their first major constraint, while chicken farmers had high cost of feeds. These farmers have adopted several strategies for coping with feed scarcity. Among the major coping strategies adopted were: changing of feed resources based on availability and cost (37.5%), purchasing of feed ingredients in bulk (29.7%), using crop/food wastes (26.6%), harvesting of forages growing naturally in open access lands (23.4%) and reducing herd size (17.2%). However, most of the coping strategies adopted were largely aimed at dealing with the perennial challenge of feed scarcity on a day-by-day basis rather than dealing with it using sustainable and long-term strategies.

Constantine Bakyusa Katongole; Justine Nambi-Kasozi; Richard Lumu; Felix Bareeba; Magdalena Presto; Emma Ivarsson; Jan Erik Lindberg

2012-01-01

332

Gender Variation in Asylum Experiences in the UK: The Role of Patriarchy and Coping Strategies  

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Full Text Available Previous work suggests that female asylum seekers and refugees have more constraints on their actions than their male counterparts, as structural forces from the country of origin are reproduced in the host country. This paper explores the use of structuration theory in interpreting the impact of gender upon asylum seeker and refugee experiences in the UK. The experiences of, and coping strategies used by 8 male and 10 female asylum seekers and refugees from two different cities are analysed. Their experiences are examined in relation to different patriarchal forces. In comparison to the males, differences are apparent in the level and types of agency of the female asylum seekers and refugees. Within this study certain types of patriarchy are reproduced in British society particularly at the household level, whilst individuals are also influenced by institutional patriarchy within the wider society. The variation in experiences found here suggests the need for policy to recognise the heterogeneity of these groups, so as to provide the most appropriate support for individuals.

Ruth L. HEALEY

2010-01-01

333

Evaluation of stressors and coping strategies for stress in Indian anaesthesiologists  

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Several studies have been done to assess job satisfaction and quantify effects of stressors on anaesthesiologists in different regions and countries. Studies related to stress in Indian anaesthesiologists are very limited, which prompted us to design this study not only to identify the stressors but also to find out how anaesthesiologists react to stress and devise means to minimize it to increase their job satisfaction levels. A set of questions was handed over personally to 200 anaesthesiologists at the national- and state-level anaesthesiology conferences and continuing medical educations with a request to return them duly filled in, with an assurance that confidentiality and anonymity would bemaintained. Main outcome measures were demographics, factors causing stress, how the responding anaesthesiologists and their colleagues react to it and methods they adopt to reduce stress at their workplace. Response rate was 96%. The total number of respondents was 192 (54% males and 46% females; juniors, 76%; and seniors, 24%). Identified stressors were as follows: time constraints (34%), medicolegal concerns (24%), interference with home life (22%), clinical problems (20%) and communication problems (9%). Different strategies for coping with stress were identified. This survey is just a beginning. Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists is requested to look into the matter and take it further on a larger scale by multicentric studies to lay down standards related to number of working hours, number of night-call duties per week, proper assistance, medicolegal protection, etc., which would not only reduce occupational stress but also improve efficiency and job satisfaction among anaesthesiologists.

Shidhaye, RV; Divekar, DS; Dhulkhed, VK; Goel, Gaurav; Gupta, Arunkumar; Shidhaye, Rahul

2011-01-01

334

Dysmenorrhoea and coping strategies among secondary school adolescents in Ilala District, Tanzania.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhoea is common problem among adolescents worldwide. Its prevalence varies greatly in different populations and ethnic groups. Adolescents with severe dysmenorrhoea may miss classes and other social activities. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and coping strategies for dysmenorrhoea among secondary school adolescents in Ilala municipal, Tanzania. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in eight public and private secondary schools in Ilala municipal. A total of 880 girls in form II and form III who had attained menarche were interviewed using a self administered questionnaire between August and October 2007. RESULTS: The mean age at menarche was 13.3 years with the youngest at nine years and the oldest at sixteen years. Six hundred fifty two (74.1%) girls had dysmenorrhoea. Backache, breast tenderness and non specific joint pains were significantly more common symtoms among adolescents with dysmenorrhoea than without dysmenorrhoea. Medication was used by 362 (55.5 %) girls to relieve dysmenorrhoea. Commonest medications used were paracetamol and diclofenac. Adolescents who missed school due to dysmenorrhoea were 154 (23.6%) and 140 (21.5%) missed social activities. CONCLUSIONS: High proportion of secondary school adolescents has dysmenorrhoea in Ilala municipal with a significant number missing school and social activities. Reproductive health education in primary and secondary schools should be enhanced to increase awareness and care seeking.

Pembe AB; Ndolele NT

2011-09-01

335

Coping Styles and Strategies: A Comparison of Adolescent Students with and without Learning Disabilities  

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In this study, the authors compared the results of a coping measure completed by 98 seventh through ninth grade students who were assessed as having learning disabilities with published means from the general Australian student population. The "Adolescent Coping Scale" was the measure used. The results suggested higher use by students aged 12 to…

Firth, Nola; Greaves, Daryl; Frydenberg, Erica

2010-01-01

336

Recent developments in Cope-type hydroamination reactions of hydroxylamine and hydrazine derivatives.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Cope-type hydroaminations are versatile for the direct amination of alkenes, alkynes and allenes using hydroxylamines and hydrazine derivatives. These reactions occur via a concerted, 5-membered cyclic transition state that is the microscopic reverse of the Cope elimination. This article focuses on recent developments, including intermolecular variants, directed reactions, and asymmetric variants using aldehydes as tethering catalysts, and their applications in target-oriented synthesis.

Beauchemin AM

2013-09-01

337

Recent developments in Cope-type hydroamination reactions of hydroxylamine and hydrazine derivatives.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cope-type hydroaminations are versatile for the direct amination of alkenes, alkynes and allenes using hydroxylamines and hydrazine derivatives. These reactions occur via a concerted, 5-membered cyclic transition state that is the microscopic reverse of the Cope elimination. This article focuses on recent developments, including intermolecular variants, directed reactions, and asymmetric variants using aldehydes as tethering catalysts, and their applications in target-oriented synthesis. PMID:24056974

Beauchemin, André M

2013-10-01

338

Coping Checklist for Caregivers  

Science.gov (United States)

Coping Checklist for Caregivers Caring for someone who is sick, taking on new responsibilities, and worrying about ... 800-227-2345 for free copies. Less-healthy coping. If you use any of the strategies below ...

339

Coping with Side Effects  

Science.gov (United States)

... Lung Cancer > Treating Lung Cancer > A Life Change Coping with Side Effects It is very common to ... I call my doctor? Side Effect Strategies for Coping Fatigue Lingering feeling of tiredness Most common symptom ...

340

Brincar no hospital: estratégia de enfrentamento da hospitalização infantil/ Playing in the hospital: coping strategy in child hospitalization  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Estudos indicam que a hospitalização pode afetar o desenvolvimento da criança, interferindo na qualidade de vida. Para lidar com essa situação, o brincar tem funcionado como estratégia de enfrentamento. Procurando-se avaliar a importância dada ao brincar pela criança e caracterizar atividades lúdicas possíveis no hospital, 28 crianças hospitalizadas com câncer (6-12 anos), em Vitória/ES, foram entrevistadas e responderam a um instrumento especialmente elabora (more) do (AEH - Avaliação das Estratégias de Enfrentamento da Hospitalização - Conjunto B: Brincar no hospital), contendo 20 desenhos de brinquedos e brincadeiras, classificados em jogos de Exercícios, Simbólicos, de Acoplagem, de Regras e Atividades Diversas. 78,6% das crianças relataram que gostariam de brincar no hospital, o que é justificado principalmente pela sua função lúdica, na companhia de outras crianças internadas. Não houve diferenças significativas nas escolhas entre as categorias de brincadeiras. O instrumento mostrou que o brincar pode ser um recurso adequado para a adaptação da criança hospitalizada, permitindo personalizar a intervenção. Abstract in english Studies have shown that the hospitalization can affect a child development interfering with his/her quality of life. In order to deal with this situation, the act of playing has worked as a coping strategy. With the purpose to assess of the importance children give to play and to characterize possible playful activities in the hospital, 28 children hospitalized with cancer (6-12 years) in Vitória, ES, were interviewed and took part on an instrument specially developed (A (more) EH Evaluation of the Coping Strategies of the Hospitalization - group B: Playing in the hospital), consisting of 20 drawings of toys and games classified in games of Exercises, Symbolic Game, Game of Connection, Game of Rules and a variety of Activities. 78,6% of the children said that they would like playing in the hospital, which is justified mainly by its ludic function, in the company of other hospitalzed children. There were no significant differences in the choices among the categories of games. The instrument showed that playing can be an appropriated resource to jelp with the adjustment of the hospitalized child, making the treatment a personalized intervention.

Motta, Alessandra Brunoro; Enumo, Sônia Regina Fiorim

2004-04-01

 
 
 
 
341

Absolute Poverty Deterioration in Benue State: Rural People Oriented Coping Strategy  

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Full Text Available Absolute poverty has been a social problem in rural Nigeria with its rate ever on the increase. All the previous government efforts in terms of poverty reduction projects and programmes failed to improve on the situation. In order to survive, the rural poor decided device survival strategies to cope with poverty. One of such strategies is the formulation of community based organizations (CBOs). The paper examines the nature, activities and impact of the CBOs on the rural poor. The CBOs were able to minimally mobilize both human and material resources, established both primary and secondary schools, built cottage industries, constructed culverts and bridges, established community health clinics, local financial institutions, donation of relief materials contributed food and cloths to less-privileged, widows and orphans. The CBOS are handicapped due to certain problems such as lack of adequate funds, corruption, accountability, credibility among their leaders, illiteracy, and lack of commitment among some members and limited sustainability of projects. The paper advocates for government to intervene in form of finding lasting solutions to these problems. Key words: Absolute rural poverty; Coping strategy; Benue State NigeriaResumé: La pauvreté absolue a été un problème social dans le Nigeria rural avec un taux qui augmentent de façon constante. Tous les efforts gouvernementaux précédents en termes de projets de réduction de la pauvreté et des programmes ont échoué, la situation ne s'améliore guère. Afin de survivre les pauvres ruraux ont décidé une stratégie de survivance d’artifice pour régler le problème de la pauvreté. Une de telles stratégies est la formulation d’organisations basées de communauté (CBOs). Le papier examine la nature, les activités et l’impact du CBOs sur les pauvres ruraux. Les CBOs étaient capables mobiliser très peu de ressources sur le plan humain et matériel, les écoles primaires et secondaires ont été établies, les travaux artisanaux à domicile ont été construits, les caniveaux et les ponts ont été construit, des cliniques de santé de communauté ont été établies, ainsi que des institutions financiers locales, la donation de matériel pour soulager la situation comme les aliments et les vêtements aux peuple qui sont des moins favorises, les veuves et des orphelins. la donation de matériels(matières) de soulagement la nourriture contribuée et des tissus à moins - privilégié, des veuves et des orphelins. On handicape le CBOS en raison de certains problèmes comme le manque de fonds adéquats, la corruption, la responsabilité, la crédibilité parmi leurs leaders, l’analphabétisme et le manque d’engagement parmi certains membres ont limite ce projet. Le papier recommande pour le gouvernement d’intervenir dans la forme de trouver des solutions durables a ces problèmes.Mots-clés: Pauvretérurale absolue; Stratégie d’adaptation; L’Etat Benue Nigeria

Ikwuba Agnes

2011-01-01

342

STRES DITINJAU DARI ACTIVE COPING, AVOIDANCE COPING DAN NEGATIVE COPING.  

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Full Text Available AbstrakStres  merupakan bagian dari kehidupan dan  kehidupan tidak lepas dari stres. Stresbisa dialami siapa saja, dari kanak-kanak hingga  lanjut usia.  Stres bisa bersifat akut danbisa pula bersifat  kronis.  Banyak penelitian empiris yang membuktikan bahwa stres berdampaksecara negatif bagi kesehatan tubuh  dan  kesejahteraan psikologis. Namun banyak faktoryang berpengaruh terhadap stres. Diantara faktor  faktor tersebut adalah strategi  coping yangdigunakan individu.Penelitian ini menguji hubungan antara  tiga strategi coping yaitu active coping,avoidance coping  dan  negative coping  dengan  stres  pada mahasiswa. Subyekpenelitian berjumlah  41 orang yang merupakan mahasiswa psikologi Universitas AhmadDahlan Yogyakarta.Berdasarkan hasil  analisis regresi menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan  yang signifikanantara   active coping, negative coping dan  avoidance coping  secara bersama-sama dengan  stres R = 0.045 F = 1.631 p = 0.199. Hasil uji korelasi  product momentpearson antara  active coping  dengan stres menunjukkan adanya hubungan negatif yangtidak signifikan r = - 0.034 p =  0.417. Korelasi antara avoidance coping  dengan stresmenunjukkan adanya hubungan positif yang tidak signifikan r = 0.113 p = 0.241.  Korelasiantara  negative coping  dengan stres menunjukkan hubungan positif yang signifikan  r =0.340 p = 0.015. Negative  coping  menyumbang  9.3 %  terhadap  stres. Ini menunjukkanmasih terdapat  90.7 % pengaruh variabel lain yang terhadap stres.

Triantoro Safaria

2012-01-01

343

Coping strategies and depressiveness in primary systemic vasculitis--what is their impact on health-related quality of life?  

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Objective. To investigate the influence of disease-related coping strategies and depressiveness on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in primary systemic vasculitis (PSV) patients. Methods. One hundred and twenty-two patients with definite diagnosis of PSV were examined in a cross-sectional study. HRQOL (SF-36), depressiveness (BDI), illness perception (B-IPQ) and coping strategies (FKV-LIS) were measured using validated instruments. Additional disease-related and demographic data were retrieved from the patients' records. Results. HRQOL in PSV patients was reduced compared with the SF-36 norm sample. Specific organ manifestation, size of vessel involvement and disease activity were not related to HRQOL. Linear regression modelling revealed a questionable relationship of emotional to physical HRQOL (P = 0.003, potential suppression effect of BDI), whereas both domains were influenced by depressiveness (P ? 0.001). Physical HRQOL was additionally related to fatigue and widowed marital status, while emotional HRQOL was associated with a depressive coping style. Conclusion. HRQOL is impaired in PSV as compared with the general population. Current depressiveness strongly affects physical as well as mental HRQOL. Cognitive intervention strategies should be established in order to improve quality of life in PSV patients. PMID:23843108

Brezinova, Petra; Englbrecht, Matthias; Lovric, Svjetlana; Sämann, Alexander; Strauss, Bernhard; Wolf, Gunter; Schett, Georg; Haubitz, Marion; Neumann, Thomas; Zwerina, Jochen

2013-07-10

344

Management of traumatic events: influence of emotion-centered coping strategies on the occurrence of dissociation and post-traumatic stress disorder  

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Full Text Available Georges Brousse1,2, Benjamin Arnaud1, Jordane Durand Roger1, Julie Geneste1, Delphine Bourguet1, Frederic Zaplana1, Olivier Blanc1, Jeannot Schmidt1,2, Louis Jehel31CHU Clermont Ferrand, Unité Urgences Psychiatriques, 28 place Henri Dunant BP 69, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 01, France; 2Univ Clermont 1, UFR médecine, Clermont-Ferrand, F63001 France; 3Hopital Tenon (CHU APHP) 4 rue de la Chine 75020, France, INSERM U669Abstract: Our aim was to assess the influence of the coping strategies employed for the management of traumatic events on the occurrence of dissociation and traumatic disorders. We carried out a 1-year retrospective study of the cognitive management of a traumatic event in 18 subjects involved in the same road vehicle accident. The diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was made for 33.3% of the participants. The participants with a PTSD diagnosis 1 year after the event used emotion-centered strategies during the event more often than did those with no PTSD, P < 0.02. In the year after the traumatic event, our results show a strong link between the intensity of PTSD and the severity of the post-traumatic symptoms like dissociation (P = 0.032) and the use of emotion-centered strategies (P = 0.004). Moreover, the participants who presented Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire scores above 15 made greater use of emotion-centered coping strategies than did those who did not show dissociation, P < 0.04. Our results confirm that the cognitive management of traumatic events may play an essential role in the development of a state of post-traumatic stress in the aftermath of a violent event.Keywords: trauma, coping, emotions, peritraumatic dissociation, post-traumatic stress disorder

Georges Brousse; Benjamin Arnaud; Jordane Dur; Roger; et al

2011-01-01

345

REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY  

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Full Text Available Regional development policies in the EU Member States have included tools whoseimportance varied from one country to another. Can be identified by negative incentives forregional development policy towards location in crowded areas or control over the location,the reallocation of economic activities in national territory, creation of adequateinfrastructure, measures to enhance development, financial incentives granted toenterprises. Sustainable business development, rehabilitation of social infrastructure,including social housing and improved social services. Improved regional and localtransportation are key areas of intervention rehabilitation and upgrading of county roads,city streets, including road construction and rehabilitation of belt.

Vaduva Maria

2011-01-01

346

STRATEGY OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT UKRAINE ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????  

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Full Text Available  The article offers an analysis of the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of Ukraine’s sustainable development strategy. The argument is that for such a strategy to take form, it must be built on critical and innovative use of approaches and theories of modern world economics including neoclassic, neo-Keynesian, and neo-institutional schools. ? ?????? ???????????????? ?????????-???????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????. ????????, ??? ???????????? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ???????? ????????????????, ???????????????? ? ????????????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????. ? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????-????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????. ????????, ?? ?????????? ????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ?? ????????-???????? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????????????, ????????????????? ?? ????????????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ?????.

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2011-01-01