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1

Concept Mapping Strategies: Content, Tools and Assessment for Human Geography  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article examines the use of concept mapping for formative and summative assessment of northeast Florida middle school students' knowledge of human geography. The students were participants in an afterschool, academic, college reach-out program that provided opportunities to test concept mapping strategies that support spatial thinking and…

Wehry, Stephanie; Monroe-Ossi, Heather; Cobb, Sharon; Fountain, Cheryl

2012-01-01

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Concept Mapping Strategies: Content, Tools and Assessment for Human Geography  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the use of concept mapping for formative and summative assessment of northeast Florida middle school students' knowledge of human geography. The students were participants in an afterschool, academic, college reach-out program that provided opportunities to test concept mapping strategies that support spatial thinking and…

Wehry, Stephanie; Monroe-Ossi, Heather; Cobb, Sharon; Fountain, Cheryl

2012-01-01

3

Teaching with Concept Mapping Instructional Strategy in Nigeria Secondary Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research investigates the effects of teaching with Concept Mapping instructional strategies on learning achievement in Nigerian Secondary Schools. The study adopts the Quasi-Experimental Research design. The population consists of a sample of 168 Senior Secondary School Class-two Physics students specifically selected from Senior Secondary Schools across Ekiti State, Nigeria. The Instrument used consists of two parts: (a). a Motion Concept Map developed for the research study and; (b). printed materials in the form of tutorial test items developed and used to elicit responses to the treatment. The research hypotheses tested are: there is no significant effect of treatment on students’ learning achievement; there is no significant effect of treatment on students’ retention; there is no significant effect of treatment on students’ learning attitude. The research study revealed that: the Concept Mapping Instructional strategy contributed to learning achievement in physics; there is significant effect of treatment on students’ retention of learned materials; there is significant effect in students’ learning attitude. Results establish that the instructional strategy, when integrated with any method of instruction, results in improved learning achievement.

O. O. Simpson Akeju; C. O. Rotimi; A. M. Kenni

2011-01-01

4

The Effects of Cooperative Learning and Concept Mapping on Learning Strategy Use  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this research is to study the effects of cooperative, individual concept mapping, and traditional teaching methods on learning strategy use. One of the experimental groups was taught by cooperative concept mapping, and the other by individual concept mapping. Traditional method was implemented in the control group. Fifth graders…

Guvenc, Hulya; Acikgoz, Kamile Un

2007-01-01

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The Effects of Cooperative Learning and Concept Mapping on Learning Strategy Use  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research is to study the effects of cooperative, individual concept mapping, and traditional teaching methods on learning strategy use. One of the experimental groups was taught by cooperative concept mapping, and the other by individual concept mapping. Traditional method was implemented in the control group. Fifth graders (52…

Guvenc, Hulya; Acikgoz, Kamile Un

2007-01-01

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Effects of Concept Mapping Strategy on Learning Performance in Business and Economics Statistics  

Science.gov (United States)

|A concept map (CM) is a hierarchically arranged, graphic representation of the relationships among concepts. Concept mapping (CMING) is the process of constructing a CM. This paper examines whether a CMING strategy can be useful in helping students to improve their learning performance in a business and economics statistics course. A single…

Chiou, Chei-Chang

2009-01-01

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Effects of Concept Mapping Strategy on Learning Performance in Business and Economics Statistics  

Science.gov (United States)

A concept map (CM) is a hierarchically arranged, graphic representation of the relationships among concepts. Concept mapping (CMING) is the process of constructing a CM. This paper examines whether a CMING strategy can be useful in helping students to improve their learning performance in a business and economics statistics course. A single…

Chiou, Chei-Chang

2009-01-01

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A review about the use of concept maps as learning and evaluation strategy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we present a review of national and international journals and from annals of the I, II and III International Conference on Concept Mapping, until 2010, on the use of concept mapping in formal education. It is discussed, at the light of the Meaningful Learning Theory and the Conceptual Fields Theory, papers concerning concept maps specifically as didactical and evaluation strategy, cause these were the perspectives used in the cited study. The theoretical frameworks and results from the researched papers are pointed and compared. In the final remarks we present a synthesis with suggestions on the use of the concept maps, also taking account of the authors’ experiences.

Adriana Marques Toigo; Marco Antonio Moreira; Sayonara Salvador Cabral da Costa

2012-01-01

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Applications of Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article reviews three major uses of the concept-mapping strategies for postsecondary learning: the external representation of concept maps as an external scratch pad to represent major ideas and their organization, the mental construction of concept maps when students are seeking a time-efficient tool, and the electronic construction and…

De Simone, Christina

2007-01-01

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Applications of Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reviews three major uses of the concept-mapping strategies for postsecondary learning: the external representation of concept maps as an external scratch pad to represent major ideas and their organization, the mental construction of concept maps when students are seeking a time-efficient tool, and the electronic construction and…

De Simone, Christina

2007-01-01

11

Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

Social scientists have developed a number of methods and processes that might be useful in helping you to formulate a research project. This website shows method developed, called concept mapping, which is especially useful for research problem formulation.

William Trochim (Cornell University)

2006-10-20

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The effects of three concept mapping strategies on seventh-grade students' science achievement at an urban middle school  

Science.gov (United States)

There is great concern over students' poor science achievement in the United States. Due to the lack of science achievement, students are not pursing science related careers resulting in an increase in outsourcing to other countries. Learning strategies such as concept mapping may ameliorate this situation by providing students with tools that encourage meaningful learning. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to measure the effects of three concept mapping learning strategies (concept identifying, proposition identifying, student generated) on urban middle school students' understanding of the circulatory system. Three intact classes of seventh-grade students were assigned to one of the three concept mapping strategies. The students were given a pretest on the circulatory system then learned and used their respective concept mapping strategies while learning about the circulatory system. At the conclusion of the study, students' science achievement was measured by performance on an achievement test and rubric scores of their respective concept identifying, proposition identifying, and student generated concept maps. The results of the study suggest that all three of the concept mapping strategies are effective in increasing students' science achievement. Additionally, the moderate significant correlations between the posttest and concept map scores of the current study established that concept maps are a useful measure of student knowledge. Lastly, the results of the current study also suggest that the concept identifying mapping strategy may be a useful scaffold in instructing students how to develop student generated concept maps.

Dosanjh, Navdeep Kaur

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Effects of a Computer-Assisted Concept Mapping Learning Strategy on EFL College Students' English Reading Comprehension  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of a computer-assisted concept mapping learning strategy on EFL college learners' English reading comprehension. The research questions were: (1) what was the influence of the computer-assisted concept mapping learning strategy on different learners' English reading comprehension? (2)…

Liu, Pei-Lin; Chen, Chiu-Jung; Chang, Yu-Ju

2010-01-01

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Effects of a Computer-Assisted Concept Mapping Learning Strategy on EFL College Students' English Reading Comprehension  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of a computer-assisted concept mapping learning strategy on EFL college learners' English reading comprehension. The research questions were: (1) what was the influence of the computer-assisted concept mapping learning strategy on different learners' English reading comprehension? (2) did…

Liu, Pei-Lin; Chen, Chiu-Jung; Chang, Yu-Ju

2010-01-01

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Comparative Effectiveness of Hierarchical, Flowchart and Spider Concept Mapping Strategies on Students’ Performance in Chemistry  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated the relative effectiveness of three types of concept maps (hierarchy, flowchart and spider) on the performance of students in Chemistry. This is with a view to find out which of the concept mapping types is more superior in enhancing students’ performance in the numerical aspect of Chemistry. The pre-test, post-test experimental design was used for the study. The population for the study comprised of all the Chemistry students in Senior Secondary School in Osun State of Nigeria. Students in Senior Secondary class two (SSII) in their intact classes from three schools in Ife-Central local government area of the state formed the sample of the study. The three schools were randomly assigned to the hierarchical, flowchart and spider concept mapping strategies. The instrument used for data collection was the Problem Solving Achievement Test in Chemistry (PSATC). Students in the three groups were taught using the three kinds of concept maps separately. The experiment lasted for five weeks after which a post-test was administered. The result of the study indicated that there was no significant difference in the performances of the students in the three groups with respect to the kind of concept map used. (F = 1.088; p > 0.05). This implies that the concept mapping strategies were not all that different in their superiority. They all produced a similar effect on the students with respect to their performance in Chemistry. However, it was found out that they enhanced the performance of students in their problem solving skills in Chemistry as already reported by research studies.

Bamidele, E.F.; Oloyede, E. O.

2013-01-01

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Concept mapping: priority community strategies to create changes to support active living.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: From 2003 to 2008, a total of 25 cross-sector, multidisciplinary community partnerships funded through the Active Living by Design (ALbD) national program designed, planned, and implemented policy and environmental changes, with complementary programs and promotions. PURPOSE: This paper describes the use of concept mapping methods to gain insights into promising active living intervention strategies based on the collective experience of community representatives implementing ALbD initiatives. METHODS: Using Concept Systems software, community representatives (n=43) anonymously generated actions and changes in their communities to support active living (183 original statements, 79 condensed statements). Next, respondents (n=26, from 23 partnerships) sorted the 79 statements into self-created categories, or active living intervention approaches. Respondents then rated statements based on their perceptions of the most important strategies for creating community changes (n=25, from 22 partnerships) and increasing community rates of physical activity (n=23, from 20 partnerships). Cluster analysis and multidimensional scaling were used to describe data patterns. RESULTS: ALbD community partnerships identified three active living intervention approaches with the greatest perceived importance to create community change and increase population levels of physical activity: changes to the built and natural environment, partnership and collaboration efforts, and land-use and transportation policies. The relative importance of intervention approaches varied according to subgroups of partnerships working with different populations. CONCLUSIONS: Decision makers, practitioners, and community residents can incorporate what has been learned from the 25 community partnerships to prioritize active living policy, physical project, promotional, and programmatic strategies for work in different populations and settings.

Brennan LK; Brownson RC; Kelly C; Ivey MK; Leviton LC

2012-11-01

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Concept maps to solve clinical cases as a teaching and learning strategy to be explored in nursing education: an essay  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The essay sustains the strategy of creating Concept Maps (CM) to solve clinical cases due to its strength to evidence the undergraduates’ cognitive processes regarding their capacity to generate effective responses when solving problems, a condition that is essential to clinical competence of nurses. Concept Maps are tools that can lead to changes in the way of teaching, evaluating, and learning. In addition, they promote significant learning and using CM to their complete potentiality implies to attribute new meanings to the concepts of teaching, learning, and evaluating.  

Edvane Birelo Lopes De Domenico; Stela Conceição Bertholo Piconez; Maria Gaby Rivero de Gutierréz

2009-01-01

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Creative Concept Mapping.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Recommends the use of concept mapping in science teaching and proposes that it be presented as a creative activity. Includes a sample lesson plan of a potato stamp concept mapping activity for astronomy. (DDR)|

Brown, David S.

2002-01-01

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Creative Concept Mapping.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recommends the use of concept mapping in science teaching and proposes that it be presented as a creative activity. Includes a sample lesson plan of a potato stamp concept mapping activity for astronomy. (DDR)

Brown, David S.

2002-01-01

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Identifying multi-level culturally appropriate smoking cessation strategies for Aboriginal health staff: a concept mapping approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aboriginal Australians, including Aboriginal Health Workers (AHWs), smoke at rates double the non-Aboriginal population. This study utilized concept mapping methodology to identify and prioritize culturally relevant strategies to promote smoking cessation in AHWs. Stakeholder participants included AHWs, other health service employees and tobacco control personnel. Smoking cessation strategies (n = 74) were brainstormed using 34 interviews, 3 focus groups and a stakeholder workshop. Stakeholders sorted strategies into meaningful groups and rated them on perceived importance and feasibility. A concept map was developed using multi-dimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analyses. Ten unique clusters of smoking cessation strategies were depicted that targeted individuals, family and peers, community, workplace and public policy. Smoking cessation resources and services were represented in addition to broader strategies addressing social and environmental stressors that perpetuate smoking and make quitting difficult. The perceived importance and feasibility of clusters were rated differently by participants working in health services that were government-coordinated compared with community-controlled. For health service workers within vulnerable populations, these findings clearly implicate a need for contextualized strategies that mitigate social and environmental stressors in addition to conventional strategies for tobacco control. The concept map is being applied in knowledge translation to guide development of smoking cessation programs for AHWs. PMID:23221591

Dawson, Anna P; Cargo, Margaret; Stewart, Harold; Chong, Alwin; Daniel, Mark

2012-12-07

 
 
 
 
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Identifying multi-level culturally appropriate smoking cessation strategies for Aboriginal health staff: a concept mapping approach.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Aboriginal Australians, including Aboriginal Health Workers (AHWs), smoke at rates double the non-Aboriginal population. This study utilized concept mapping methodology to identify and prioritize culturally relevant strategies to promote smoking cessation in AHWs. Stakeholder participants included AHWs, other health service employees and tobacco control personnel. Smoking cessation strategies (n = 74) were brainstormed using 34 interviews, 3 focus groups and a stakeholder workshop. Stakeholders sorted strategies into meaningful groups and rated them on perceived importance and feasibility. A concept map was developed using multi-dimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analyses. Ten unique clusters of smoking cessation strategies were depicted that targeted individuals, family and peers, community, workplace and public policy. Smoking cessation resources and services were represented in addition to broader strategies addressing social and environmental stressors that perpetuate smoking and make quitting difficult. The perceived importance and feasibility of clusters were rated differently by participants working in health services that were government-coordinated compared with community-controlled. For health service workers within vulnerable populations, these findings clearly implicate a need for contextualized strategies that mitigate social and environmental stressors in addition to conventional strategies for tobacco control. The concept map is being applied in knowledge translation to guide development of smoking cessation programs for AHWs.

Dawson AP; Cargo M; Stewart H; Chong A; Daniel M

2013-02-01

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Concept Mapping in Mathematics  

CERN Multimedia

A guide to concept mapping in mathematics. It provides the reader with an understanding of how the meta-cognitive tool, namely, hierarchical concept maps, and the process of concept mapping can be used innovatively and strategically to improve planning, teaching, learning, and assessment at different educational levels

Afamasaga-Fuata'I, Karoline

2009-01-01

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The Effect of Concept Mapping and Problem Solving Teaching Strategies on Achievement in Biology among Nigerian Secondary School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

|The study examined the effect of concept-mapping and problem-solving teaching strategies on achievement in biology among Nigerian secondary school students. The method used for the study was a quasi-experimental pre-test treatment design. One hundred and thirteen senior secondary three (S.S. 111) students randomly selected from three mixed…

Okoye, Nnamdi S.; Okechukwu, Rose N.

2010-01-01

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The Effect of Concept Mapping and Problem Solving Teaching Strategies on Achievement in Biology among Nigerian Secondary School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The study examined the effect of concept-mapping and problem-solving teaching strategies on achievement in biology among Nigerian secondary school students. The method used for the study was a quasi-experimental pre-test treatment design. One hundred and thirteen senior secondary three (S.S. 111) students randomly selected from three mixed…

Okoye, Nnamdi S.; Okechukwu, Rose N.

2010-01-01

25

Identifying Multi-Level Culturally Appropriate Smoking Cessation Strategies for Aboriginal Health Staff: A Concept Mapping Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Aboriginal Australians, including Aboriginal Health Workers (AHWs), smoke at rates double the non-Aboriginal population. This study utilized concept mapping methodology to identify and prioritize culturally relevant strategies to promote smoking cessation in AHWs. Stakeholder participants included AHWs, other health service employees and tobacco…

Dawson, Anna P.; Cargo, Margaret; Stewart, Harold; Chong, Alwin; Daniel, Mark

2013-01-01

26

The use of concept mapping to identify community-driven intervention strategies for physical and mental health.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Research that partners with youth and community stakeholders increases contextual relevance and community buy-in and therefore maximizes the chance for intervention success. Concept mapping is a mixed-method participatory research process that accesses the input of the community in a collaborative manner. After a school-wide health needs assessment at a low-income, minority/immigrant K-8 school identified bullying and obesity as the most important health issues, concept mapping was used to identify and prioritize specific strategies to address these two areas. Stakeholders including 160 K-8 students, 33 college students working in the school, 35 parents, 20 academic partners, and 22 teachers/staff brainstormed strategies to reduce and prevent obesity and bullying. A smaller group of stakeholders worked individually to complete an unstructured sorting of these strategies into groups of similar ideas, once for obesity and again for bullying. Multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis was applied to the sorting data to produce a series of maps that illustrated the stakeholders' conceptual thinking about obesity and bullying prevention strategies. The maps for both obesity and bullying organized specific strategies into themes that included education, parental role, teacher/school supervision, youth role, expert/professional role, and school structure/support.

Vaughn LM; Jacquez F; McLinden D

2013-09-01

27

The use of concept mapping to identify community-driven intervention strategies for physical and mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research that partners with youth and community stakeholders increases contextual relevance and community buy-in and therefore maximizes the chance for intervention success. Concept mapping is a mixed-method participatory research process that accesses the input of the community in a collaborative manner. After a school-wide health needs assessment at a low-income, minority/immigrant K-8 school identified bullying and obesity as the most important health issues, concept mapping was used to identify and prioritize specific strategies to address these two areas. Stakeholders including 160 K-8 students, 33 college students working in the school, 35 parents, 20 academic partners, and 22 teachers/staff brainstormed strategies to reduce and prevent obesity and bullying. A smaller group of stakeholders worked individually to complete an unstructured sorting of these strategies into groups of similar ideas, once for obesity and again for bullying. Multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis was applied to the sorting data to produce a series of maps that illustrated the stakeholders' conceptual thinking about obesity and bullying prevention strategies. The maps for both obesity and bullying organized specific strategies into themes that included education, parental role, teacher/school supervision, youth role, expert/professional role, and school structure/support. PMID:23099661

Vaughn, Lisa M; Jacquez, Farrah; McLinden, Daniel

2012-10-24

28

Concept Mapping as a Follow-Up Strategy to Learning from Texts: What Characterizes Good and Poor Mappers?  

Science.gov (United States)

|Concept maps consist of nodes that represent concepts and links that represent relationships between concepts. Various studies have shown that concept mapping fosters meaningful learning. However, little is known about the specific cognitive processes that are responsible for such mapping effects. In a thinking-aloud study, we analyzed the…

Hilbert, Tatjana S.; Renkl, Alexander

2008-01-01

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Concept Mapping as a Follow-Up Strategy to Learning from Texts: What Characterizes Good and Poor Mappers?  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept maps consist of nodes that represent concepts and links that represent relationships between concepts. Various studies have shown that concept mapping fosters meaningful learning. However, little is known about the specific cognitive processes that are responsible for such mapping effects. In a thinking-aloud study, we analyzed the…

Hilbert, Tatjana S.; Renkl, Alexander

2008-01-01

30

Cooperative Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

The author used a repeated-measures design to compare students' exam performance after their participation in a cooperative concept-mapping workshop in contrast to their exam performance after more traditional assignments. Cooperative concept-mapping workshops resulted in significant improvements in students' understanding of biology, as indicated by their performance on exams.

Preszler, Ralph

2004-05-01

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The Effect of Learner Constructed, Fill in the Map Concept Map Technique, and Summarizing Strategy on Iranian Pre-university Students’ Reading Comprehension  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Concept maps (CM) are powerful tools which have different uses in educational contexts; however, this study limited its extension and explored its impact on the reading comprehension skill of Iranian EFL students. To this purpose, a proficiency test was employed and 90 intermediate pre-university students were chosen and divided into three groups: learner constructed CM group, fill in the map CM group, and summarizing strategy group. The whole study was conducted within three months. At the beginning of the study, a reading comprehension test (as a pre test) was administered to measure the comprehension ability of the subjects. During the five-session treatment period, the assigned strategies were taught and practiced in each group. Then, another reading comprehension test (as a post test) was employed to compare the effect of treatment on the comprehension skill. The results of the study showed that despite the efficacy of all three strategies, the fill in the map version of CM was the most influencing one. It suggested that in general, CM technique might be regarded as an alternative or even as an effective replacement of the summarizing strategy for reading comprehension skill.

Hassan Soleimani; Fatemeh Nabizadeh

2012-01-01

32

Concept Mapping in College Science  

Science.gov (United States)

A concept map is a two-dimensional, hierarchical node-link diagram that depicts the most important concepts and propositions in a knowledge domain. Concept mapping helps students and faculty recognize the difference between meaningful and rote learning, as well as aid in assessing and rewarding meaningful learning. Discussed are construction and scoring of concept maps, as well as research on validity and effectiveness of concept maps.

Mintzes, Joel J.

2006-01-01

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Serial concept maps: tools for concept analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nursing theory challenges students to think abstractly and is often a difficult introduction to graduate study. Traditionally, concept analysis is useful in facilitating this abstract thinking. Concept maps are a way to visualize an individual's knowledge about a specific topic. Serial concept maps express the sequential evolution of a student's perceptions of a selected concept. Maps reveal individual differences in learning and perceptions, as well as progress in understanding the concept. Relationships are assessed and suggestions are made during serial mapping, which actively engages the students and faculty in dialogue that leads to increased understanding of the link between nursing theory and practice. Serial concept mapping lends itself well to both online and traditional classroom environments. PMID:17547345

All, Anita C; Huycke, LaRae I

2007-05-01

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Classroom Assessment Techniques: Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

This website provides detailed instructions and suggestions for using concept maps; in class, during class preparation, and in the design of courses. The article discusses the strengths, weaknesses and appropriateness of concept map use. Links to additional information as well as a reading list are included.

Zeilik, Michael; Guide, Field-Tested L.

35

Designing concepts and strategies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In urban transformation some of the most interesting and complex design challenges are related to redevelopment of city centres and waterfronts. Here the conflicts between ‘the old’ and ‘the new’ are the largest, and here the potentials for mistakes are at a critical level. One of the problems is, that new developments often employ very modest research on the subject and often very little has been done in order to challenge traditional concepts and to invent new sustainable concepts for redevelopment. In order to avoid mistakes in urban redevelopment we need to learn from research and evaluation of the best planning practice. But what might be just as important is to learn from concept development practice, which can give us a comprehensive understanding of our complex cities and make us develop a way of experiencing the unique qualities of the architectural typologies at the site. Finally the combination of research and design based development can provide us with a range of conceptual models for alternative development of different valuable parts of the city. This article is focusing on the design-based methods in concept development, which can be tested with the purpose of developing new design concepts and to generate easily grasped images of a coherent transformation. The case is taken form the water front development in Aalborg, where a series of architecture and building workshops has been conducted. The methodology is described in relation to three workshops from 2005 and 2008. The concepts and strategies are briefly described in the article, and the adaption by city planners and developers has been critical reviewed.

Kiib, Hans

2012-01-01

36

Concept Mapping: Implementation in an EFL Classroom  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study looks at the impact of student-generated concept mapping on the performance of 12th grade EFL students in the reading comprehension of texts. In doing so, 14 grade 12 EFL students were selected from a high school in Israel. These students were tested on three separate occasions. First, the students were given a tutorial on how to create a visual aid during the reading, more specifically, concept maps. Then the students partook in three lessons; whereby, they employed concept mapping strategies. After each lesson, the students completed reading comprehension tests based on the text that they had read. In addition, following each test, the students were interviewed in order to assess their disposition towards self-generated concept mapping. Results indicate that self-generated concept mapping by low-knowledge students had a significantly greater influence on the students’ text comprehension than did the self-generated concept mapping by high-knowledge students in both control groups. In addition, the students’ disposition toward self-generated concept mapping had a progressive positive change, regardless of the students’ level.

Melanie Shaul

2011-01-01

37

Physical Weathering Concept Map Exercise  

Science.gov (United States)

Students review and score a concept map for physical weathering using a grading rubric. They are then asked to reorganize or redraw the diagram to a form that you believe is appropriate to earn the highest score on the rubric.

Mcconnell, David

38

[Concept maps of the graduate programme in nursing experience report].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The conceptual map is considered a strategy that enables the development of critical thinking skills. The aim of this article was to evaluate concept maps produced by students to obtain an understanding of research projects. This is an experience report based on the Special Topic: concept map of the Graduate Program in Nursing/Federal University of Paraiba in February/2012. Methodology comprised interactive reading of concept maps, installation and use of Cmap Tools software and construction of concept maps. Concept evaluation included coherence, propositions, clarity of ideas and logical relation between concepts. This evaluation of maps revealed consistency among concepts, significant relationships, clarity of ideas and logical relationship between the stages of a research project. Results showed that the concept map is a valid strategy to evaluate the learning-teaching process and can be used for education, research and reflection in the nursing practice.

Bittencourt GK; da Nóbrega MM; Medeiros AC; Furtado LG

2013-06-01

39

Integrative Literature Review: Concept Mapping--A Strategy to Support the Development of Practice, Research, and Theory within Human Resource Development  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this integrative literature review is to summarize research on concept mapping and to offer ideas on how concept mapping can facilitate practice, research, and theory development within human resource development. In this review, more than 300 articles, written in both English and Spanish, presented at two different concept mapping

Daley, Barbara J.; Conceicao, Simone C. O.; Mina, Liliana; Altman, Brian A.; Baldor, Maria; Brown, James

2010-01-01

40

Integrative Literature Review: Concept Mapping--A Strategy to Support the Development of Practice, Research, and Theory within Human Resource Development  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this integrative literature review is to summarize research on concept mapping and to offer ideas on how concept mapping can facilitate practice, research, and theory development within human resource development. In this review, more than 300 articles, written in both English and Spanish, presented at two different concept mapping

Daley, Barbara J.; Conceicao, Simone C. O.; Mina, Liliana; Altman, Brian A.; Baldor, Maria; Brown, James

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

EFFECT OF CONCEPT MAPPING STRATEGY ON SCIENCE ACHIEVEMENT IN RELATION TO SCIENTIFIC APTITUDE AND PROBLEM SOLVING ABILITY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Concept map is a device for representing the conceptual structure of asubject/discipline in a two-dimensional form, which is analogous to the road map. Aconcept, as defined by Novak, is regularity in objects or events designated by a specificlabel. Concept maps are diagrammatic representations, which show meaningfulrelationships between concepts in the form of propositions.Propositions are two or more concept labels linked by words, which provideinformation on relationships or describe connections between concepts.

JAGADEESH. B.

2012-01-01

42

Mapping terms to UMLS concepts of the same semantic type.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We are interested in mapping terms from the biomedical literature to controlled terminologies. For clinical and related terms, we rely on the MetaMap program for mapping terms to the UMLS Metathesaurus, accepting term assignments that have a reasonable match score. In a sizable number of cases, terms are ambiguous, and MetaMap proposes several mapping candidates. To address these cases prior studies investigated Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD) strategies for selecting between concepts of different semantic types. Here, we investigated the situation where MetaMap proposes concepts that share the same semantic type. We present an ontology-based strategy for selecting between these concepts.

Tran N; Luong T; Krauthammer M

2007-01-01

43

Towards Sustainable Text Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

|Previous experimental studies have indicated that young people's text comprehension and summarisation skills can be improved by techniques based on text concept mapping (TCM). However, these studies have done little to elucidate a practical pedagogy that can make the techniques adoptable within the context of typical secondary school classrooms.…

Conlon, Tom

2009-01-01

44

Towards Sustainable Text Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous experimental studies have indicated that young people's text comprehension and summarisation skills can be improved by techniques based on text concept mapping (TCM). However, these studies have done little to elucidate a practical pedagogy that can make the techniques adoptable within the context of typical secondary school classrooms.…

Conlon, Tom

2009-01-01

45

Marketing Strategy: Concepts And Implication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In today's very competitive marketplace a strategy that insures a consistent approach to offering your product or service in a way that will outsell the competition is critical. However, in concert with defining the marketing strategy you must also have a well defined methodology for the day to day process of implementing it. This research studies contemporary strategy concepts and the methods of its implementation, which is very needed in Uzbek economy.

Tohir Akramov

2013-01-01

46

Concept mapping and other formalisms as Mindtools for representing knowledge  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We seek to provide an alternative theoretical perspective on concept mapping (a formalism for representing structural knowledge) to that provided by Ray McAleese in this issue of ALT-J (auto-monitoring). We begin with an overview of concept maps as a means of describing a learner's knowledge constructs, and then discuss a broader class of tools, Mindtools, of which concept maps are a member. We proceed by defining Mindtools as formalisms for representing knowledge, and further elaborate on concept maps as a formalism for representing a particular kind of knowledge: structural knowledge. We then address McAleese's use of the term auto-monitoring and some of the steps in his model of concept maps. Finally, we describe some limitations of concept mapping as a formalism and as a cognitive learning strategy.

David H. Jonassen; Rose M. Marra

1994-01-01

47

Learning from Architects: Complementary Concept Mapping Approaches  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The research scope in concept mapping research can be extended with the investigation of complementary concept mapping approaches which are visual representations that complement the classical node link diagrams from Novak. To do so, concept mapping researchers can draw inspiration from architects. ...

Remo Burkhard

48

Collaborative Concept Mapping Processes Mediated by Computer.  

Science.gov (United States)

|This paper reports on a study that investigated group learning processes in computer-supported collaborative concept mapping. Thirty 5th grade Taiwanese students were selected to attend a computer-mediated collaborative concept mapping activity. Dialog messages and map products tracked and recorded by the mapping system were analyzed. The…

Chiu, Chiung-Hui; Wu, Wei-Shuo; Huang, Chun-Chieh

49

Teaching, Designing, and Organizing: Concept Mapping for Librarians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Concept maps are graphical representations of relationships among concepts that can be an effective tool for teaching, designing, and organizing information in a variety of library settings. First, concept mapping can be used wherever training or formal teaching occurs as a visual aid to explain complex ideas. They can also help learners articulate their understanding of a subject area when they create their own concept maps. When using concept mapping as a teaching tool, students may have a more meaningful learning experience when they add information to a concept map that is based on their current knowledge. Next, concept maps are an effective design tool for librarians who are planning projects. They can also serve as a reference point for project implementation and evaluation. The same is true for the design of courses, presentations, and library workshops. A concept map based on the content of a course, for example, is valuable when selecting learning outcomes and strategies for teaching and assessment. Finally, concept mapping can used as a method for capturing tacit or institutional knowledge through the creation and organization of ideas and resources. Librarians can collaborate on concept maps with each other or with non-librarian colleagues to facilitate communication. Resulting maps can be published online and link to documentation and relevant resources. This paper provides an overview of the literature related to concept mapping in libraries. Concrete applications and examples of concept mapping for teaching and learning, designing, and organizing in library settings are then elaborated. The authors draw from their own success and experience with different concept mapping methods and software programs.

April Colosimo; Megan Fitzgibbons

2012-01-01

50

Large scale studies with concept mapping  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Concept mapping is a method for determining the achievement of knowledge. Concepts are linked with labelled lines to proposition and so the concepts create a graphical structured meaningful relationship. There are many ways to use concept mapping in research as data collecting and assessment instrument. Changing the conditions (like focus question about the concept map, lists of concepts, given structure of concept map etc.) also change the results. For a valid research is necessary to analyse the study and define the aims before collecting the data. Probably the most comfortable concept mapping constructing opportunity is to use special Internet based environment and analysing program – that makes data collection easier and more objective. This article brings out, what kind of problems may occur, when concept mapping method is used as a research instrument in a large scale study and it also tries to define how to select the a valid instrument for a study. Researchers want to analyse students? knowledge, but instead sometimes they can only control whether they were able to create concept maps. The study brought out, that the quality of concept maps does not depend on concept maps creating frequency and computer handling skills.

Katrin Soika; Priit Reiska

2013-01-01

51

Teaching and learning with concept maps.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Concept maps are teaching and learning tools that incorporate visual and written representations of related information. Nurse educators can employ concept mapping in various situations to promote a deeper level of learning and to improve retention of information among their students. Concept mapping has been suggested as a tool to assist in planning nursing care and developing critical thinking skills, as well as for evaluation of course learning. Evidence indicates that concept maps provide a more authentic assessment of participants' knowledge, understanding, critical thinking, and ability to link concepts than do traditional tests.

Pilcher J

2011-09-01

52

Use of concept maps in teaching pedagogy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article deals with the concept mapping method. The method has not yet received much attention in educational publications in the Czech language. The authorsdescribe principles, functions, advantages and limitations of this method and discuss its use in different areas. Use of concept mapping in educational situations is demonstratedon concept maps made by students of Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Education during a course on „Authority in Education“. At the beginning of the course, studentslearned about the concept mapping method and created their first concept map with key concept „teacher authority“. During the course, they studied authority in educationand discussed about their first concept maps with the teacher and other students. At the end of the course, the students tried to improve their maps. The concept map helpedthe students to represent the complexity of the studied issue very clearly. The students said that they were going to use concept mapping in their further study and classworkwith children. The authors show the problematic aspects of creating the maps and also examples of (in)appropriately chosen concepts and (cross-)links between them.

Stanislav Bendl; Hana Vo?ková

2010-01-01

53

Using Concept Mapping to Measure Learning Quality  

Science.gov (United States)

|Purpose: This paper aims to describe a method of teaching that is based on Novak's concept-mapping technique. Design/methodology/approach: The paper shows how concept mapping can be used to measure prior knowledge and how simple mapping exercises can promote the integration of teachers' and students' understandings in ways that are meaningful.…

Hay, David; Kinchin, Ian

2008-01-01

54

An Annotated Bibliography of Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

|A rich narrative-style bibliography of concept mapping (reviewing six articles published between 1992-2005). Articles reviewed include: (1) Cognitive mapping: A qualitative research method for social work (C. Bitoni); (2) Collaborative concept mapping: Provoking and supporting meaningful discourse (C. Boxtel, J. Linden, E. Roelofs, and G.…

Garcia, GNA

2008-01-01

55

An Annotated Bibliography of Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

A rich narrative-style bibliography of concept mapping (reviewing six articles published between 1992-2005). Articles reviewed include: (1) Cognitive mapping: A qualitative research method for social work (C. Bitoni); (2) Collaborative concept mapping: Provoking and supporting meaningful discourse (C. Boxtel, J. Linden, E. Roelofs, and G. Erkens);…

Garcia, GNA

2008-01-01

56

Using Concept Mapping to Measure Learning Quality  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This paper aims to describe a method of teaching that is based on Novak's concept-mapping technique. Design/methodology/approach: The paper shows how concept mapping can be used to measure prior knowledge and how simple mapping exercises can promote the integration of teachers' and students' understandings in ways that are meaningful.…

Hay, David; Kinchin, Ian

2008-01-01

57

Using concept mapping for assessment in physics  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes a study in which concept maps drawn by high school students (n=12) were evaluated using quantitative measures. Results indicate that the concept maps are useful in assessing the understanding of relationships between the concepts required for multiple step problem solving in physics. Contains 12 references.

Austin, Lydia; Shore, Bruce

2005-11-03

58

Comparative Effect of the Guided Discovery(GD) and Concept mapping Teaching Strategies on Senior Secondary School Students(SSSS) Chemistry Achievement in Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study compared the relative effectiveness of the guided discovery and concept mapping teaching strategies in relation to students’ performance in chemistry. A total of 360 SSS chemistry students who have registered for SSCE drawn from 4 secondary schools in Bauchi Local Government Area formed the sample for the study. A 40-item Chemistry Teacher Made Achievement Test (CMAT) with characteristics (0.35?+?0.72; 0.21?d?1.00 and KR 20 = 0.86) was administered on the students to generate data for analysis. The test items span all the intellectual levels of the cognitive domain. There were (retention) treatments. A t-test statistic was used to analyse the data obtained. The results indicated that there is no significant difference in he mean scores of he students due to the method post -post test (retention) treatments. There was also no significant difference due to gender when the mean scores of the students in each of the methods adopted were compared on the post-post test (retention) treatment.

Oloyede Olufunlayo Ikedolapo; Adeoye Femi Adetunji

2009-01-01

59

Concept mapping for learners of all ages  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Concept mapping is an inquiry technique that provides students at all ages with opportunities to demonstrate learning through performance. A concept map refers to a graphic/visual representation of concepts with linking connections that show various relationships between concepts (Novak & Gowin, 1984). Assessment is an ongoing process integrated with instruction across subject areas. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) emphasizes that assessment should focus on both the enhancement of student learning as well as serve as a valuable tool for making instructional decisions (NCTM, 2000). Assessment activities can take on a variety of forms, one being performance tasks. In this manuscript, an explanation of concept mapping is provided for learners ages 3 – 12 along with several examples of concept maps for young learners, including examples from an assessment project in the subject area of mathematics. Also presented are the numerous benefits of the concept mapping technique for both students and teachers.

Nancy L. Gallenstein

2013-01-01

60

Concept mapping: a road to critical thinking.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Graduate nurses entering the workforce today are, at times, lacking in the area of critical thinking. Giving graduate nurses a concept map would provide a tool to guide their critical thinking until it becomes inherent or second nature. The concept map, a graphic illustration of key points, guides the focus of patient problems using a body system approach. This article details the use of a concept map in the application of knowledge to practice.

St Cyr SK; All AC

2009-03-01

 
 
 
 
61

[Application of concept map for the identification of nursing diagnosis].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This is an experience report, aiming at describing the application of the Concept Map as a strategy to develop critical thinking skills in the identification of priority nursing diagnoses in a clinical situation. An elaborated fictitious clinical case and the concept map, created by using the IHMC CmapTools computer program, are presented. It was concluded that the use of Concept Map to identify the nursing diagnoses led to the development of critical thinking skills; therefore, its use should be stimulated during the academic program.

Bittencourt GK; Schaurich D; Marini M; Crossetti Mda G

2011-09-01

62

Mapping Knowledge: Concept Maps in Early Childhood Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Graphic organizers such as webs, time lines, Venn diagrams, flowcharts, and concept maps are well known and widely used instructional and learning tools. They help teachers and students not only to identify and visually represent their views and knowledge but also to recognize and depict relationships among concepts. This article discusses the use of concept maps in early childhood education. In light of a theory that suggests that information is processed and stored in memory in both linguistic and visual forms, it is argued that concept maps can be used in early childhood classrooms to help children organize and spatially represent both what they know and what they are thinking. Once children learn how to “read” and make concept maps, teachers can also use them to identify children’s preexisting knowledge or misconceptions as well as use them as an evaluation tool. The article also considers the role of concept maps in teacher planning. Concept maps can help teachers to plan, structure, and sequence the content of their teaching. Finally, the article illustrates some of the issues involved in using concept maps with preschool children and suggests ways of introducing children to the process of constructing their own concept maps.

Maria Birbili

2006-01-01

63

Research and Teaching: Successive Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

As alternatives to multiple-choice tests, concept maps offer user-friendly ways of evaluating learning. At the same time, they encourage and reward real understanding. The authors explored the value of using successive concept maps as vehicles for assessi

Quinn, Heather J.; Mintzes, Joel J.; Laws, Richard A.

2003-12-01

64

Cmapanalysis: an extensible concept map analysis tool  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Concept maps are used extensively as an assessment tool, and the literature is abundant with studies on the use of concept maps for assessment and on the assessment of concept maps. The assessment of concept maps can be an arduous process, in particular when assessing a large number of maps. CmapAnalysis is a software tool that facilitates performing various analysis measures on a collection of concept maps. A set of measures that consider size, quality and structure properties of the maps are included. The program is designed to be extensible, allowing users to add their own measures. The program is not intended to replace the individual evaluation of concept maps by teachers and instructors, as it does not capable of “understanding” the content of the maps. It is aimed at researchers who are looking for more general trends and measures across a large number of maps, and who can extend it with their own measures. The output of CmapAnalysis is an Excel spreadsheet that can be further analyzed.

Alberto J. Cañas; Larry Bunch; Joseph D. Novak; Priit Reiska

2013-01-01

65

Favorite Demonstration: E-Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

Not all demonstrations involve using exciting visual displays of one or a series of scientific principles. Demonstrations can be as simple as showing the interrelationship between scientific concepts or principles using concept maps. Concepts maps are tools that help people conceptualize and remember a conglomeration of facts making up complex topics or paradigms. They assist with factual retention while encouraging the use of facts in problem- solving activities. A concept map promotes creativity and flexibility because it places facts in the construct of the student's learning modality.

Shmaefsky, Brian R.

2007-01-01

66

Concept Mapping for Higher Order Thinking  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Engineering education is facing a changing world in which how one thinks is becoming more important than what one thinks; that is, our course content is important but constantly changing and we need to help students learn how to think about that content.Today’s students have grown accustomed to immediate rewards, multi-channel stimuli, and rapid-fire communications.  As a result, they are often impatient and suffer a lack of focus. When reflection is called for in the learning process - a time consuming practice - students may find it difficult to overcome the conflict between their typically speedy management of priorities and the focused, time-intensive thinking required to acquire a strong foundation of declarative knowledge.Therefore, the exploration of tools to facilitate the formation of deep knowledge structures is essential. One instructional strategy that shows promise is the use of concept mapping, a learning activity that requires students to explain their understanding of important ideas and the relationships among those ideas.  This paper describes a pilot project to integrate concept mapping into a Mechanical Engineering Course and the preliminary results of that project.This project has been established within the Working Group of “Tools for Developing High Order Thinking Skills”, of the Portuguese Society for Engineering Education, in which the first author is the leader and the other two co-authors, are working group members

Susan Marie Zvacek; Maria Teresa Restivo; Maria Fátima Chouzal

2013-01-01

67

Concept Mapping: Soft Science or Hard Art?  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper the scientific side of concept mapping is viewed as "soft science" and the artistic one as "hard art" to imply that the process has some qualities of both, but probably does not fall exclusively within either's domain. In the spirit of hard art, a "gallery" of final concept maps from twenty projects is presented, partly to illustrate more examples of the process when used in a variety of subject areas and for different purposes, and partly for their aesthetic value alone. In the spirit of soft science, two major issues are considered. First, the evidence for the validity and reliability of concept mapping is introduced, along with some suggestions for further research which might be undertaken to examine those characteristics. Second, the role of concept mapping is discussed, with special emphasis on its use in a pattern matching framework. This document is intended for use by novice evaluators and professional evaluators in workshops and conferences.

Trochim, William

68

Collaborative Concept Mapping on the World Wide Web  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Collaborative Concept Mapping project is a joint research project between IMD and EPFL. The goal of the project is to create a collaborative tool that helps managers to define business strategies in the face of complex situations. Addressing complex problems requires collaboration on models in o...

Regev, Gil; Xavier, Gilbert; Wegmann, Alain

69

[Analysis of dental students' knowledge and concepts in oral health: evaluation by concept maps].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study sought to analyze senior dental students' cognitive structure concerning the topic of "enamel", which is fundamentally important for understanding oral health, since it offers basic scientific concepts for clinical and preventive practices and is the main subject of several courses during dentistry training. The strategy used to analyze students' cognitive structures was Novak's Concept Maps, based on Ausubel's Meaningful Learning theory. Analysis of students' maps allowed for a study of students' cognitive structure and concepts concerning oral health. It also fostered a diagnosis of students' knowledge in several important aspects of scientific and professional training. The results highlighted the need for rethinking the teaching/learning process in dentistry training.

Struchiner M; Vieira AR; Ricciardi RM

1999-11-01

70

Concept Maps: Practice Applications in Adult Education and Human Resource Development  

Science.gov (United States)

|Concept maps can be used as both a cognitive and constructivist learning strategy in teaching and learning in adult education and human resource development. The maps can be used to understand course readings, analyze case studies, develop reflective thinking and enhance research skills. The creation of concept maps can also be supported by the…

Daley, Barbara J.

2010-01-01

71

Using concept mapping to build clinical judgment skills.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is a description of educational innovation that utilizes concept mapping as a teaching strategy in the development of critical thinking skills of undergraduate nursing students. A concept mapping rubric was designed using Tanner's Clinical Judgment Model to guide students (n = 8) in the construction of clinical cases for the development of appropriate clinical judgment skills. Each student evaluated the concept mapping exercise and provided feedback regarding the rubric, their understanding of the clinical situation, and the development of clinical judgment skills. The students expressed that the concept mapping activity and rubric lead them to make better clinical decisions and increased clinical judgment skills. Content analysis is the research method used to make inferences from qualitative data, with the purpose of providing new insights and clinical knowledge regarding this teaching strategy. Future recommendations for the use of this teaching strategy include shortening the wording and descriptions for each stage of evaluation to promote ease of use for the student in the growth of critical thinking skills. PMID:22698820

Gerdeman, Jaime L; Lux, Kathleen; Jacko, Jean

2012-06-12

72

Using concept mapping to build clinical judgment skills.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article is a description of educational innovation that utilizes concept mapping as a teaching strategy in the development of critical thinking skills of undergraduate nursing students. A concept mapping rubric was designed using Tanner's Clinical Judgment Model to guide students (n = 8) in the construction of clinical cases for the development of appropriate clinical judgment skills. Each student evaluated the concept mapping exercise and provided feedback regarding the rubric, their understanding of the clinical situation, and the development of clinical judgment skills. The students expressed that the concept mapping activity and rubric lead them to make better clinical decisions and increased clinical judgment skills. Content analysis is the research method used to make inferences from qualitative data, with the purpose of providing new insights and clinical knowledge regarding this teaching strategy. Future recommendations for the use of this teaching strategy include shortening the wording and descriptions for each stage of evaluation to promote ease of use for the student in the growth of critical thinking skills.

Gerdeman JL; Lux K; Jacko J

2013-01-01

73

A theoretical view on concept mapping  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Auto-monitoring is the pivotal concept in understanding the operation of concept maps, which have been used to help learners make sense of their study and plan learning activities. Central to auto-monitoring is the idea of a 'learning arena' where individuals can manipulate concept representations and engage in the processes of checking, resolving and confirming understandings. The learner is assisted by familiar metaphors (for example, networks) and the possibility of thinking 'on action' while 'in action'. This paper discusses these concepts, and concludes by arguing that maps are part of the process of learning rather than a manifestation of learning itself. Auto-monitoring is suggested as an appropriate term to describe the process of engaging in the learning arena.

Ray McAleese

1994-01-01

74

The Linkages between Concept Maps and Language Learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available So as to know how to apply effectively concept mapping into practice to solve the problem of language learning, it is noteworthy to work out its theory. This paper reviews the literature to investigate the construct of concept maps as well as the relationships between concept maps and language learning. Key words: Concept maps; Language learning

Luu Trong Tuan; Le Thi Bich Thuan

2011-01-01

75

Concept Mapping: A Tool for Teaching, Training, and Technical Assistance.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Concept mapping can help learners develop metacognitive skills and make educators aware of instructional principles. The Instructional Map, Experiential Learning Model, and Logic Model are useful concept mapping tools for informal adult education. (SK)|

Carroll, Jan B.; Timpson, William M.

2002-01-01

76

Concept Mapping: A Tool for Teaching, Training, and Technical Assistance.  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept mapping can help learners develop metacognitive skills and make educators aware of instructional principles. The Instructional Map, Experiential Learning Model, and Logic Model are useful concept mapping tools for informal adult education. (SK)

Carroll, Jan B.; Timpson, William M.

2002-01-01

77

Concept mapping enhances learning of biochemistry  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Teaching basic science courses is challenging in undergraduate medical education because of the ubiquitous use of didactic lectures and reward for recall of factual information during examinations. The purpose of this study is to introduce concept maps with clinical cases (the innovative...

Krishna M. Surapaneni; Ara Tekian

78

Concept mapping enhances learning of biochemistry  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Teaching basic science courses is challenging in undergraduate medical education because of the ubiquitous use of didactic lectures and reward for recall of factual information during examinations. The purpose of this study is to introduce concept maps with clinical cases (the innovative program) to improve learning of biochemistry course content. Methods: Participants were first year medical students (n=150) from Saveetha Medical College and Hospital (India); they were randomly divided into two groups of 75, one group attending the traditional program, the other the innovative program. Student performance was measured using three written knowledge tests (each with a maximum score of 20). The students also evaluated the relevance of the learning process using a 12-item questionnaire. Results: Students in the innovative program using concept mapping outperformed those in the traditional didactic program (means of 7.13–8.28 vs. 12.33–13.93, p<0.001). The students gave high positive ratings for the innovative course (93–100% agreement). Conclusion: The new concept-mapping program resulted in higher academic performance compared to the traditional course and was perceived favorably by the students. They especially valued the use of concept mapping as learning tools to foster the relevance of biochemistry to clinical practice, and to enhance their reasoning and learning skills, as well as their deeper understanding for biochemistry.

Krishna M. Surapaneni; Ara Tekian

2013-01-01

79

Concept mapping enhances learning of biochemistry.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Teaching basic science courses is challenging in undergraduate medical education because of the ubiquitous use of didactic lectures and reward for recall of factual information during examinations. The purpose of this study is to introduce concept maps with clinical cases (the innovative program) to improve learning of biochemistry course content. METHODS: Participants were first year medical students (n=150) from Saveetha Medical College and Hospital (India); they were randomly divided into two groups of 75, one group attending the traditional program, the other the innovative program. Student performance was measured using three written knowledge tests (each with a maximum score of 20). The students also evaluated the relevance of the learning process using a 12-item questionnaire. RESULTS: Students in the innovative program using concept mapping outperformed those in the traditional didactic program (means of 7.13-8.28 vs. 12.33-13.93, p<0.001). The students gave high positive ratings for the innovative course (93-100% agreement). CONCLUSION: The new concept-mapping program resulted in higher academic performance compared to the traditional course and was perceived favorably by the students. They especially valued the use of concept mapping as learning tools to foster the relevance of biochemistry to clinical practice, and to enhance their reasoning and learning skills, as well as their deeper understanding for biochemistry.

Surapaneni KM; Tekian A

2013-01-01

80

Analysing complex Triticeae genomes - concepts and strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The genomic sequences of many important Triticeae crop species are hard to assemble and analyse due to their large genome sizes, (in part) polyploid genomes and high repeat content. Recently, the draft genomes of barley and bread wheat were reported thanks to cost-efficient and fast NGS technologies. The genome of barley is estimated to be 5 Gb in size whereas the genome of bread wheat accounts for 17 Gb and harbours an allo-hexaploid genome. Direct assembly of the sequence reads and access to the gene content is hampered by the repeat content. As a consequence, novel strategies and data analysis concepts had to be developed to provide much-needed whole genome sequence surveys and access to the gene repertoires. Here we describe some analytical strategies that now enable structuring of massive NGS data generated and pave the way towards structured and ordered sequence data and gene order. Specifically we report on the genomeZipper, a synteny driven approach to order and structure NGS survey sequences of grass genomes that lack a physical map. In addition, to access and analyse the gene repertoire of allo-hexaploid bread wheat from the raw sequence reads, a reference-guided approach was developed utilizing representative genes from rice, Brachypodium distachyon, sorghum and barley. Stringent sub-assembly on the reference genes prevented collapsing of homeologous wheat genes and allowed to estimate gene retention rate and determine gene family sizes. Genomic sequences from the wheat sub-genome progenitors enabled to discriminate a large number of sub-assemblies between the wheat A, B or D sub-genome using machine learning algorithms. Many of the concepts outlined here can readily be applied to other complex plant and non-plant genomes.

Spannagl M; Martis MM; Pfeifer M; Nussbaumer T; Mayer KF

2013-09-01

 
 
 
 
81

Mapping strategies: Chromosome 16 workshop  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The following topics from a workshop on chromosome 16 are briefly discussed: genetic map of chromosome 16; chromosome breakpoint map of chromosome 16; integrated physical/genetic map of chromosome 16; pulsed field map of the 16p13.2--p13.3 region (3 sheets); and a report of the HGM10 chromosome 16 committee.

1989-01-01

82

Concept mapping. An international outlook. Editorial  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The creation of concept mapping and their subsequent evolution go together with the impressivework of Professor J. D. Novak. His works, from the doctoral thesis of 1958 to its currentimplementation of the more advanced methods to improve the learning process, and therefore theteaching, have pointed to a clear pedagogical approach. This special issue of the Journal representsa magnificent example of his influence, evidenced by the participation of relevant speakers relatingtheir experiences in the fields of teaching, research, and management.

Fermín González García

2013-01-01

83

Los Mapas Conceptuales como Estrategia que Permite Mejorar el Proceso de Enseñanza Aprendizaje de la Neuroanatomía/ Concept Maps as a Strategy for Improving the Teaching Learning Process in Neuroanatomy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Los mapas conceptuales son una estrategia de enseñanza aprendizaje que permite organizar los contenidos de una temática determinada facilitando su interpretación, comprensión y análisis. Su construcción en forma grupal incrementa la capacidad de los estudiantes de aprender de modo significativo debido al aumento del interés y la atención para integrar los conceptos más relevantes en forma cooperativa. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el rendimiento académ (more) ico de los estudiantes que cursaron la asignatura morfofisiología II en la Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS) al implementar el uso de los mapas conceptuales como herramienta pedagógica para la enseñanza de la anatomía funcional del sistema nervioso. Se realizó un estudio de tipo prospectivo analítico con mediciones transversales en cuatro momentos en 130 estudiantes de medicina (II semestre 2006) que cursaban la asignatura morfofisiología II a quienes durante los dos primeros cortes se les transmitió la información en forma de cátedra magistral y para el tercer corte se dividieron en grupos de trabajo que utilizaron como método activo de enseñanza los mapas conceptuales. Los resultados de sus exámenes académicos escritos se compararon utilizando la prueba de Bonferroni (p Abstract in english The present study describes the implementation of conceptual maps as a pedagogical strategy that tends to transform the passive students into an active producer.The use of concept maps in groups encourages students to meaningful learning, increasing interest and attention in relevant concepts working in a cooperative way. The objective was to measure the improvement of academic performance of the student when implementing the strategy of conceptual maps as a pedagogical t (more) ool of students of morphophysiology II at the Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS) for teaching the functional anatomy of the nervous system. An analytic prospective with four transversal sections study was conducted in 130 students of medicine (II semesters of 2006) Bucaramanga, Santander at 2006, who attended the course morphophysiology II.For the first and the second section the students received master classes and for the third section the group was divided and the active method of concept maps was applied. The multiple corrected comparisons were made using the Bonferroni test (p

Flórez-Uribe, Adriana Margarita; Ayala-Pimentel, Jaime Otoniel; Conde Cotes, Carlos Arturo

2011-03-01

84

Concept Mapping: An Innovative Method to Measure Supervision.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current project utilized concept mapping to explore and examine parent's conceptualization of child supervision as it pertains to injury prevention and safety enhancement. Concept mapping is an inductive process that will allow to the collection of a ...

2006-01-01

85

Collaborative Concept Mapping: Provoking and Supporting Meaningful Discourse.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Presents four Dutch teachers' experiences with concept mapping, identifying features of the concept mapping task that helps it provoke and support a productive student discourse and explaining that the design of the task can affect the quality of student interaction. The paper describes the concept mapping task, student articulation of feelings,…

van Boxtel, Carla; van der Linden, Jos; Roelofs, Erik; Erkens, Gijsbert

2002-01-01

86

High School Biology: A Group Approach to Concept Mapping.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Explains concept mapping as an instructional method in cooperative learning environments, and describes a study investigating the effectiveness of concept mapping on student learning during a photosynthesis and cellular respiration unit. Reports on the positive effects of concept mapping in the experimental group. (Contains 16 references.) (YDS)|

Brown, David S.

2003-01-01

87

High School Biology: A Group Approach to Concept Mapping.  

Science.gov (United States)

Explains concept mapping as an instructional method in cooperative learning environments, and describes a study investigating the effectiveness of concept mapping on student learning during a photosynthesis and cellular respiration unit. Reports on the positive effects of concept mapping in the experimental group. (Contains 16 references.) (YDS)

Brown, David S.

2003-01-01

88

Collaborative Concept Mapping: Provoking and Supporting Meaningful Discourse.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents four Dutch teachers' experiences with concept mapping, identifying features of the concept mapping task that helps it provoke and support a productive student discourse and explaining that the design of the task can affect the quality of student interaction. The paper describes the concept mapping task, student articulation of feelings,…

van Boxtel, Carla; van der Linden, Jos; Roelofs, Erik; Erkens, Gijsbert

2002-01-01

89

Concept mapping: Impact on content and organization of technical writing in science  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to compare the relationship between concept mapping and the content and organization of technical writing of ninth grade biology students. All students in the study completed a prewriting assessment. The experimental group received concept map instruction while the control group performed alternate tasks. After instruction, both groups completed the postwriting assessment and mean differences were compared using the t statistic for independent measures. Additionally, scores on the concept map were correlated to the scores on the postwriting assessment using the Pearson correlation coefficient. Finally, attitudes toward using concept mapping as a prewriting strategy were analyzed using the t statistic for repeated measures. Concept mapping significantly improved the depth of content; however, no statistical significance was detected for organization. Students had a significantly positive change in attitude toward using concept mapping to plan a writing assessment, organize information, and think creatively. The findings indicated concept mapping had a positive effect on the students' abilities to select concepts appropriate to respond to a writing prompt, integrate facts into complete thoughts and ideas, and apply it in novel situations. Concept maps appeared to facilitate learning how to process information and transform it into expository writing. Sustained practice in designing concept maps may influence organization as well as content. Developing a systematic approach to synthesize well-organized and coherent arguments in response to a writing task is an invaluable communication skill that has implications for the learner across disciplines and prepares them for higher education and the workforce.

Conklin, Elaine

90

Using Concept Sorting and Concept Mapping in Business and Public Administration, and in Education: An Overview.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Concept mapping and sorting in education stresses relationships between concepts, applications of mapping, processes, and grounding in learning theory. In business and public administration the emphasis is on decision making and planning. (SK)|

Lawless, Clive; Smee, Pete; O'Shea, Tim

1998-01-01

91

Strategy and Quality Maps in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the integration of strategic management and quality assurance in higher education. The study presents how the value chain can be described in the strategy and quality maps, which are, respectively graphical representations of the strategic plan and the quality assurance system. The quality map is a new…

Kettunen, Juha

2011-01-01

92

Strategy and Quality Maps in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this study is to investigate the integration of strategic management and quality assurance in higher education. The study presents how the value chain can be described in the strategy and quality maps, which are, respectively graphical representations of the strategic plan and the quality assurance system. The quality map is a new…

Kettunen, Juha

2011-01-01

93

Concept Mapping: A Graphical System for Understanding the Relationship between Concepts  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept mapping is a technique for representing the structure of information visually. There are several uses for concept mapping, such as idea generation, design support, communication enhancement, learning enhancement, and assessment. A wide range of computer software for concept mapping is now available for most of the popular computers used in education.

Eric Plotnick (ERIC Clearinghouse on Information & Technology)

1997-01-01

94

Concept Maps powered by computer software: a strategy for enhancing reading comprehension in English for Specific Purposes/ Mapas conceituais mediados pelo computador: uma estratégia para aumentar o nível de compreensão escrita em inglês para fins específicos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este artigo enfoca os procedimentos de uma pesquisa-ação (STRINGER, 2007) implementada em uma turma de alunos de graduação de um curso de inglês instrumental na Faculdade de Letras (UFMG). O impulso motivador foi a tentativa de criação de um meio para resolver um problema educativo localizado: o aumento do nível de compreensão de textos em inglês para fins acadêmicos. O processo de busca de uma possível solução envolveu o uso de mapas conceituais (NOVAK; CA? (more) ?AS, 2008), mediados pelo programa de computador CMap Tools (CAÑAS et al., 2004). Os dados indicam que a criação de mapas conceituais, empoderada pelo uso do CMap Tools, pode ser uma estratégia útil para aumentar o nível de compreensão escrita dos alunos. A investigação teve como suporte teórico os princípios da abordagem de inglês para fins específicos, aprendizagem significativa, aprendizagem como um ato social e aprendizagem colaborativa. Abstract in english This paper focuses on the procedures of an action-research (STRINGER, 2007) that was conducted with undergraduates enrolled in an ESP course at Faculdade de Letras (UFMG). The impelling drive was the creation of a means to solve an educational problem, namely, the enhancement of students' reading comprehension of texts in English for academic purposes. The problem-solving process involved the use of concept maps (NOVAK; CAÑAS, 2008) powered by the CMap Tools software (CA (more) ÑAS et al., 2004) to meet the educational needs of a localized teaching situation. Data indicate that concept mapping, facilitated by computer software, can be a useful strategy to improve comprehension. Support for the investigation comes from the theories underlying the ESP approach, meaningful learning, learning as a social enterprise, and collaborative learning.

Dias, Reinildes

2011-01-01

95

Concept Maps powered by computer software: a strategy for enhancing reading comprehension in English for Specific Purposes Mapas conceituais mediados pelo computador: uma estratégia para aumentar o nível de compreensão escrita em inglês para fins específicos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper focuses on the procedures of an action-research (STRINGER, 2007) that was conducted with undergraduates enrolled in an ESP course at Faculdade de Letras (UFMG). The impelling drive was the creation of a means to solve an educational problem, namely, the enhancement of students' reading comprehension of texts in English for academic purposes. The problem-solving process involved the use of concept maps (NOVAK; CAÑAS, 2008) powered by the CMap Tools software (CAÑAS et al., 2004) to meet the educational needs of a localized teaching situation. Data indicate that concept mapping, facilitated by computer software, can be a useful strategy to improve comprehension. Support for the investigation comes from the theories underlying the ESP approach, meaningful learning, learning as a social enterprise, and collaborative learning.Este artigo enfoca os procedimentos de uma pesquisa-ação (STRINGER, 2007) implementada em uma turma de alunos de graduação de um curso de inglês instrumental na Faculdade de Letras (UFMG). O impulso motivador foi a tentativa de criação de um meio para resolver um problema educativo localizado: o aumento do nível de compreensão de textos em inglês para fins acadêmicos. O processo de busca de uma possível solução envolveu o uso de mapas conceituais (NOVAK; CAÑAS, 2008), mediados pelo programa de computador CMap Tools (CAÑAS et al., 2004). Os dados indicam que a criação de mapas conceituais, empoderada pelo uso do CMap Tools, pode ser uma estratégia útil para aumentar o nível de compreensão escrita dos alunos. A investigação teve como suporte teórico os princípios da abordagem de inglês para fins específicos, aprendizagem significativa, aprendizagem como um ato social e aprendizagem colaborativa.

Reinildes Dias

2011-01-01

96

Conceptology: Using Concept Map for Knowledge Representation and Ontology Construction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tools on using concept map for knowledge representation, ontology for domain rule generation and conversion from concept map to ontology are invented over recent years. Some focus on graphical representation, such as concept map, of domain knowledge for better user understanding, while others introduce rules that concept map fails to represent to extend the contents of generated ontology. To combine both advantages, a tool Conceptology is presented. In the context of MVB (Multifunction Vehicle Bus) standard domain, a group of generation rules from enriched concept map to OWL (Web Ontology Language) are presented, and Conceptology offers implementation of proposed rules to support graphical representation of MVB domain knowledge and conversion from concept map to OWL. Two Conceptology application cases from MVB standards are demonstrated.

Junge Yao; Ming Gu

2013-01-01

97

[Software CMAP TOOLS ™ to build concept maps: an evaluation by nursing students].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Concept mapping (CM) is a teaching strategy that can be used to solve clinical cases, but the maps are difficult to write. The objective of this study was to describe the challenges and contributions of the Cmap Tools® software in building concept maps to solve clinical cases. To do this, a descriptive and qualitative method was used with junior nursing students from the Federal University of São Paulo. The teaching strategy was applied and the data were collected using the focal group technique. The results showed that the software facilitates and guarantees the organization, visualization, and correlation of the data, but there are difficulties related to the handling of its tools initially. In conclusion, the formatting and auto formatting resources of Cmap Tools® facilitated the construction of concept maps; however, orientation strategies should be implemented for the initial stage of the software utilization.

Ferreira PB; Cohrs CR; De Domenico EB

2012-08-01

98

Comment on "Retrieval practice produces more learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping".  

Science.gov (United States)

Karpicke and Blunt (Reports, 11 February 2011, p. 772) reported that retrieval practice produces greater gains in learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping and concluded that this strategy is a powerful way to promote meaningful learning of complex concepts commonly found in science education. We question their findings on methodological and epistemological grounds. PMID:22034416

Mintzes, Joel J; Canas, Alberto; Coffey, John; Gorman, James; Gurley, Laine; Hoffman, Robert; McGuire, Saundra Y; Miller, Norma; Moon, Brian; Trifone, James; Wandersee, James H

2011-10-28

99

Comment on "Retrieval practice produces more learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping".  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Karpicke and Blunt (Reports, 11 February 2011, p. 772) reported that retrieval practice produces greater gains in learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping and concluded that this strategy is a powerful way to promote meaningful learning of complex concepts commonly found in science education. We question their findings on methodological and epistemological grounds.

Mintzes JJ; Canas A; Coffey J; Gorman J; Gurley L; Hoffman R; McGuire SY; Miller N; Moon B; Trifone J; Wandersee JH

2011-10-01

100

Concept mapping and pupils’ learning in primary science in Singapore  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports on a quasi-experimental study which examined the effectiveness of concept mapping as a revision tool in enhancing pupils' examination performances in primary science. The research objective seeks to determine whether there are significant differences in achievement between the concept mapping and traditional method of revision groups after treatment in both primary gifted and mainstream classes. This research hopes to establish the relationship between pupils' understanding of science concepts along with performance and use of concept mapping as a revision tool in primary science. Findings of this study will be useful towards the implementation of concept mapping as an instructional and revision tool in the primary science classroom.Objective:The purpose of this study is to examine, in a systematic manner, the effectiveness of concept mapping as a revision tool in enhancing pupils' learning and understanding of primary science concepts.Interest in knowledge representation and knowledge elicitation has increased greatly over the past decade and new literatures are emerging on this topic. However, a literature search on concept mapping in Singapore classrooms revealed that thus far no systematic studies have been done, especially in the area of primary science education. Research on concept mapping has only been systematically examined and documented in the teaching of lower secondary history (Loh, 1987) and secondary science (Mohamed Nasir, 1992) in the local context. There were three conference/seminar papers involving the use of concept mapping in science in Singapore (Chang, 1989; Lloyd, 1992; Wan, Lee, Goh & Chia, 1992)This study extends the research on concept mapping done in Singapore to primary science classrooms in terms of its effectiveness and potential in enhancing learning and understanding science concepts as compared to the traditional method of revision using outlining method among both the gifted and main stream pupils.Significance:Findings from this study will go some way in addressing the lack of knowledge arising from systematic studies on the use of concept mapping in primary science classrooms in Singapore.It will also complement existing knowledge concerning the use of concept mapping in science classrooms overseas, as well as locally in the use of concept mapping in secondary and non-science classrooms.Research questions:The following research questions are proposed to further investigate this learning heuristic. RQ1. Does concept mapping as a revision tool help primary school pupils (both gifted and main stream) achieve better performance in terms of marks in science tests and assessments?RQ2. Does concept mapping as a revision tool enhance concept retention in pupils?

Yuan LING; Hong Kwen BOO

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Mapping ICNP Version 1 concepts to SNOMED CT.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ability of SNOMED CT to represent concepts of the ICNP Version 1 - the 7-Axis model. We selected the 1568 concepts of the ICNP 7-Axis model. From January 2007 through June 2007, the first author mapped the ICNP Version 1 concepts to the SNOMED CT using CLUE browser 5.0. The second author from the SNOMED Terminology Solutions and the third author from the ICN validated mapping result. In total, SNOMED CT covered 1381 concepts of 1658 (83%) ICNP 7-Axis model concepts ranging from 65% coverage rate of the Actions Axis concepts to 94% coverage rate of the Judgment Axis concepts. SNOMED CT can represent most (83%) of the ICNP Version 1 concepts. Improvements in ICNP Version 1 in terms of concept naming and definition, and adding missing concepts to the SNOMED CT would lead to greater coverage of the ICNP Version 1 concepts. PMID:20841856

Park, Hyeoun-Ae; Lundberg, Cyndie; Coenen, Amy; Konicek, Debora

2010-01-01

102

Mapping ICNP Version 1 concepts to SNOMED CT.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ability of SNOMED CT to represent concepts of the ICNP Version 1 - the 7-Axis model. We selected the 1568 concepts of the ICNP 7-Axis model. From January 2007 through June 2007, the first author mapped the ICNP Version 1 concepts to the SNOMED CT using CLUE browser 5.0. The second author from the SNOMED Terminology Solutions and the third author from the ICN validated mapping result. In total, SNOMED CT covered 1381 concepts of 1658 (83%) ICNP 7-Axis model concepts ranging from 65% coverage rate of the Actions Axis concepts to 94% coverage rate of the Judgment Axis concepts. SNOMED CT can represent most (83%) of the ICNP Version 1 concepts. Improvements in ICNP Version 1 in terms of concept naming and definition, and adding missing concepts to the SNOMED CT would lead to greater coverage of the ICNP Version 1 concepts.

Park HA; Lundberg C; Coenen A; Konicek D

2010-01-01

103

Modeling Strategy Maps and Balanced Scorecards using iStar  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aligning business strategy to enterprise models requires explicit models from both areas, mapped to each other. Mapping existingbusiness strategy de?nition approaches to requirement engineering practices improves strategy dissemination towards development. In this paperwe present an illustrat...

Giannoulis, Constantinos; Zdravkovic, Jelena

104

Concept Mapping and Pupils' Learning in Primary Science in Singapore  

Science.gov (United States)

|This paper reports on a quasi-experimental study which examined the effectiveness of concept mapping as a revision tool in enhancing pupils' examination performances in primary science. The research objective seeks to determine whether there are significant differences in achievement between the concept mapping and traditional method of revision…

Ling, Yuan; Boo, Hong Kwen

2007-01-01

105

Concept mapping and other formalisms as Mindtools for representing knowledge  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We seek to provide an alternative theoretical perspective on concept mapping (a formalism for representing structural knowledge) to that provided by Ray McAleese in this issue of ALT-J (auto-monitoring). We begin with an overview of concept maps as a means of describing a learner's knowledge ...

David H. Jonassen; Rose M. Marra

106

A Framework of Active Learning by Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study presents a student-centered teaching model based on concept mapping and problem-solving. The concept map is used as a tool to develop curriculum and evaluate teaching performance. Case-based teaching was implemented on the course of building energy conservation. The results of this study, which include teaching plans, evaluation tools,…

Chen, Wang-Kun; Wang, Ping

2012-01-01

107

Concept Mapping Improves Metacomprehension Accuracy among 7th Graders  

Science.gov (United States)

|Two experiments explored concept map construction as a useful intervention to improve metacomprehension accuracy among 7th grade students. In the first experiment, metacomprehension was marginally better for a concept mapping group than for a rereading group. In the second experiment, metacomprehension accuracy was significantly greater for a…

Redford, Joshua S.; Thiede, Keith W.; Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D.

2012-01-01

108

Using Concept Mapping as as Tool for Program Theory Development  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this methodological study is to explore how well a process called "concept mapping" (Trochim, 1989) can articulate the theory which underlies a social program. Articulation of a program's theory is a key step in completing a sound theory based evaluation (Weiss, 1997a). In this study, concept mapping is used to articulate the…

Orsi, Rebecca

2011-01-01

109

Concept Mapping Improves Metacomprehension Accuracy among 7th Graders  

Science.gov (United States)

Two experiments explored concept map construction as a useful intervention to improve metacomprehension accuracy among 7th grade students. In the first experiment, metacomprehension was marginally better for a concept mapping group than for a rereading group. In the second experiment, metacomprehension accuracy was significantly greater for a…

Redford, Joshua S.; Thiede, Keith W.; Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D.

2012-01-01

110

Concept Mapping and Pupils' Learning in Primary Science in Singapore  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on a quasi-experimental study which examined the effectiveness of concept mapping as a revision tool in enhancing pupils' examination performances in primary science. The research objective seeks to determine whether there are significant differences in achievement between the concept mapping and traditional method of revision…

Ling, Yuan; Boo, Hong Kwen

2007-01-01

111

Using Concept Mapping as as Tool for Program Theory Development  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this methodological study is to explore how well a process called "concept mapping" (Trochim, 1989) can articulate the theory which underlies a social program. Articulation of a program's theory is a key step in completing a sound theory based evaluation (Weiss, 1997a). In this study, concept mapping is used to articulate the…

Orsi, Rebecca

2011-01-01

112

A Framework of Active Learning by Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

This study presents a student-centered teaching model based on concept mapping and problem-solving. The concept map is used as a tool to develop curriculum and evaluate teaching performance. Case-based teaching was implemented on the course of building energy conservation. The results of this study, which include teaching plans, evaluation tools,…

Chen, Wang-Kun; Wang, Ping

2012-01-01

113

A Review of Studies on Collaborative Concept Mapping: What Have We Learned about the Technique and What Is Next?  

Science.gov (United States)

|Collaborative concept mapping engages two or more students in coordinated and sustained efforts in the creation of one or more concept maps in order to learn and construct knowledge. It is a potentially powerful instructional strategy in that it fosters meaningful learning and group knowledge construction and helps the building of common ground…

Gao, Hong; Shen, E.; Losh, Susan; Turner, Jeannine

2007-01-01

114

The Effects of Image-Based Concept Mapping on the Learning Outcomes and Cognitive Processes of Mobile Learners  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different teaching strategies (text-based concept mapping vs. image-based concept mapping) on the learning outcomes and cognitive processes of mobile learners. Eighty-six college freshmen enrolled in the "Local Area Network Planning and Implementation" course taught by the first author…

Yen, Jung-Chuan; Lee, Chun-Yi; Chen, I-Jung

2012-01-01

115

The Effects of Image-Based Concept Mapping on the Learning Outcomes and Cognitive Processes of Mobile Learners  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different teaching strategies (text-based concept mapping vs. image-based concept mapping) on the learning outcomes and cognitive processes of mobile learners. Eighty-six college freshmen enrolled in the "Local Area Network Planning and Implementation" course taught by the first author…

Yen, Jung-Chuan; Lee, Chun-Yi; Chen, I-Jung

2012-01-01

116

A Review of Studies on Collaborative Concept Mapping: What Have We Learned about the Technique and What Is Next?  

Science.gov (United States)

Collaborative concept mapping engages two or more students in coordinated and sustained efforts in the creation of one or more concept maps in order to learn and construct knowledge. It is a potentially powerful instructional strategy in that it fosters meaningful learning and group knowledge construction and helps the building of common ground…

Gao, Hong; Shen, E.; Losh, Susan; Turner, Jeannine

2007-01-01

117

A concept mapping approach to guide and understand dissemination and implementation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Many efforts to implement evidence-based programs do not reach their full potential or fail due to the variety of challenges inherent in dissemination and implementation. This article describes the use of concept mapping-a mixed method strategy-to study implementation of behavioral health innovations and evidence-based practice (EBP). The application of concept mapping to implementation research represents a practical and concise way to identify and quantify factors affecting implementation, develop conceptual models of implementation, target areas to address as part of implementation readiness and active implementation, and foster communication among stakeholders. Concept mapping is described and a case example is provided to illustrate its use in an implementation study. Implications for the use of concept mapping methods in both research and applied settings towards the dissemination and implementation of behavioral health services are discussed.

Green AE; Fettes DL; Aarons GA

2012-10-01

118

A concept mapping approach to guide and understand dissemination and implementation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many efforts to implement evidence-based programs do not reach their full potential or fail due to the variety of challenges inherent in dissemination and implementation. This article describes the use of concept mapping-a mixed method strategy-to study implementation of behavioral health innovations and evidence-based practice (EBP). The application of concept mapping to implementation research represents a practical and concise way to identify and quantify factors affecting implementation, develop conceptual models of implementation, target areas to address as part of implementation readiness and active implementation, and foster communication among stakeholders. Concept mapping is described and a case example is provided to illustrate its use in an implementation study. Implications for the use of concept mapping methods in both research and applied settings towards the dissemination and implementation of behavioral health services are discussed. PMID:22892987

Green, Amy E; Fettes, Danielle L; Aarons, Gregory A

2012-10-01

119

Integrating Concept Mapping and the Learning Cycle To Teach Diffusion and Osmosis Concepts to High School Biology Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Explores the effectiveness of concept mapping, the learning cycle, expository instruction, and a combination of concept mapping/learning cycle in promoting conceptual understanding of diffusion and osmosis. Concludes that the concept mapping/learning cycle and concept mapping treatment groups significantly outperformed the expository treatment…

Odom, Arthur L.; Kelly, Paul V.

2001-01-01

120

Integrating Concept Mapping and the Learning Cycle To Teach Diffusion and Osmosis Concepts to High School Biology Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Explores the effectiveness of concept mapping, the learning cycle, expository instruction, and a combination of concept mapping/learning cycle in promoting conceptual understanding of diffusion and osmosis. Concludes that the concept mapping/learning cycle and concept mapping treatment groups significantly outperformed the expository treatment…

Odom, Arthur L.; Kelly, Paul V.

2001-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Concept maps and nursing theory: a pedagogical approach.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Faculty seek to teach nursing students how to link clinical and theoretical knowledge with the intent of improving patient outcomes. The author discusses an innovative 9-week concept mapping activity as a pedagogical approach to teach nursing theory in a graduate theory course. Weekly concept map building increased student engagement and fostered theoretical thinking. Unexpectedly, this activity also benefited students through group work and its ability to enhance theory-practice knowledge.

Hunter Revell SM

2012-05-01

122

[Risk maps. The concept and the methodology for their development  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this article the concept of risk map is revised. It is considered as an instrument for the knowledge of risks and damages in a certain environment. A historic revision is made analyzing the birth and evolution of the concept. Different experiences and types of maps in different countries are described. Finally the operative steps, the data sources and the risk indicators which should be used in Spain are included.

García Gómez MM

1994-07-01

123

Using Online Concept Mapping with Peer Learning to Enhance Concept Application  

Science.gov (United States)

This study used an online concept mapping activity (CMA) featuring peer learning to enhance learning achievement in concept application. Ninety-seven graduate students participated in this study. The students who participated in the online CMA could later apply the concepts with significantly higher performance and greater fidelity than those who…

Chang, Shujen L.; Chang, Yegmin

2008-01-01

124

Different applications of concept maps in Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this work is to show different applications of concept maps in higher education, concretely in qualifications of the Polytechnic University of Valencia. Design/methodology/approach: Different methodologies have been used depending on the application of concept maps: as evaluation tool, as knowledge organizing tool, and as meaningful learning tool.Findings: Students consider the concept maps useful principally to select key ideas, to achieve a comprehensive view of the lesson, and to bring up the subject. Moreover, concept maps promote the meaningful and active learning, help students to understand, follow-up, and learn subjects with a high load of contents.Research limitations/implications: The most important limitation is the use of the concept maps in subjects with a high number of students.Practical implications: The realization of concept maps allows the student to develop generic competences.Originality/value: The originality of this work is to show how a same tool can be used in different subjects of different qualifications.

Amparo Bes Piá; Encarna Blasco-Tamarit; María José Muñoz-Portero

2011-01-01

125

The Impact of Concept Mapping on EFL Learners' Critical Thinking Ability  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study investigated the influence of concept mapping as a post-reading strategy on EFL learners' critical thinking ability. The study utilized a pretest – posttest control and experimental group design. To do so, thirty six EFL learners at upper intermediate and advanced levels were randomly assigned to experimental (n=18) and control (n=18) groups. The results of pretest indicated that the participants of the two groups were homogenous with regard to their proficiency level and critical thinking ability. The experimental group was instructed to construct concept maps after reading each text and formulated the required post-reading activities on the basis of the constructed maps. Critical thinking skill was assessed via the "Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal" (CTA). The results of posttest indicated that concept mapping has a positive and significant influence on learners' critical thinking ability. The discussion and conclusions of the research are further presented with reference to the finding.

Ebrahim Khodadady; Afsaneh Ghanizadeh

2011-01-01

126

The Impact of Concept Mapping on EFL Learners' Critical Thinking Ability  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study investigated the influence of concept mapping as a post-reading strategy on EFL learners' critical thinking ability. The study utilized a pretest – posttest control and experimental group design. To do so, thirty six EFL learners at upper intermediate and advanced levels w...

Ebrahim Khodadady; Afsaneh Ghanizadeh

127

Remediating High School Students' Misconceptions Concerning Diffusion and Osmosis through Concept Mapping and Conceptual Change Text.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigates the effectiveness of combining conceptual change text and concept mapping strategies on students' understanding of diffusion and osmosis. Results indicate that while the average percentage of students in the experimental group holding a scientifically correct view rose, the percentage of correct responses in the control group…

Tekkaya, Ceren

2003-01-01

128

Building an Organized Knowledge Base: Concept Mapping and Achievement in Secondary School Physics  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the effect of concept mapping on science achievement. The researcher concludes that mapping concepts prior to, during, and subsequent to instruction led to greater achievement.

Pankratius, William J.

2006-06-19

129

Naval Operations Concept: Implementing the Maritime Strategy.  

Science.gov (United States)

The integration of naval capabilities to achieve specific joint mission objectives is the responsibility of commanders, who formulate their concepts of operations to achieve advantage and decision. In contrast, Service operational concepts are designed to...

2010-01-01

130

The Effect of Concept Mapping with Different Levels of Generativity and Learners' Self-Regulated Learning Skills on Knowledge Acquisition and Representation  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of concept mapping strategies with different levels of generativity in terms of knowledge acquisition and knowledge representation. Also, it examined whether or not learners' self-regulated learning (SRL) skills influenced the effectiveness of concept mapping strategies with different…

Lim, Kyu Yon

2008-01-01

131

The Effect of Concept Mapping with Different Levels of Generativity and Learners' Self-Regulated Learning Skills on Knowledge Acquisition and Representation  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of concept mapping strategies with different levels of generativity in terms of knowledge acquisition and knowledge representation. Also, it examined whether or not learners' self-regulated learning (SRL) skills influenced the effectiveness of concept mapping strategies with different…

Lim, Kyu Yon

2008-01-01

132

Integrating collaborative concept mapping in case based learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Different significance of collaborative concept mapping and collaborative argumentation in Case Based Learning are discussed and compared in the different perspectives of answering focus questions, of fostering reflective thinking skills and in managing uncertainty in problem solving in a scaffolded environment. Marked differences are pointed out between the way concepts are used in constructing concept maps and the way meanings are adopted in case based learning through guided argumentation activities. Shared concept maps should be given different scopes, as for example a) as an advance organizer in preparing a background system of concepts that will undergo transformation while accompanying the inquiry activities on case studies or problems; b) together with narratives, to enhance awareness of the situated epistemologies that are being entailed in choosing certain concepts during more complex case studies, and c) after-learning construction of a holistic vision of the whole domain by means of the most inclusive concepts, while scaffoldedcollaborative writing of narratives and arguments in describing-treating cases could better serve as a source of situated-inspired tools to create-refine meanings for particular concepts.

Alfredo Tifi

2013-01-01

133

Concept Mapping and the Science Achievement of Third Grade Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Instructional strategies in science that fail to identify students' initial understanding of scientific concepts may leave students' flawed ideas unchanged, thus affecting their ability to synthesize, differentiate, and connect to new information in science. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between concept

Greene, Paulette

2011-01-01

134

Concept Mapping and the Science Achievement of Third Grade Students  

Science.gov (United States)

|Instructional strategies in science that fail to identify students' initial understanding of scientific concepts may leave students' flawed ideas unchanged, thus affecting their ability to synthesize, differentiate, and connect to new information in science. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between concept

Greene, Paulette

2011-01-01

135

Concept Mapping: Linking Spheres in Earth System Science  

Science.gov (United States)

The Earth System Science Education Alliance (ESSEA) distance learning courses focus teachers on linking spheres of the earth: atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere. The University of Toledo has offered the ESSEA middle school grade course using jigsaw pedagogy nine times since 2002. Traditionally, the ESSEA course has teachers link spheres in linear causal chains. This past year we used concept mapping as a way for the teachers and pre-service students in the class to organize their study of the events: melting of ice sheets, Mt. Pinatubo eruption, Hurricane Katrina and draining of the Great Black Swamp. Concept mapping is a good way to visualize linkages between events and spheres. The outcome was that teachers and pre-service students enjoyed concept mapping, it fostered teamwork and helped with grading the material.

Czajkowski, K. P.; Hedley, M.

2009-12-01

136

Examining the Fifth Graders' Understanding of Heat and Temperature Concepts via Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study investigated the effect of concept mapping over traditional instruction on students' understanding and retention of heat and temperature concepts. The sample of this study consisted of 5th grade students from two classes of a elementary school (n=75). One intact class was randomly assigned to the comparison group whereas the other one…

Cakir Olgun, Ozlem Sila

2008-01-01

137

Examining the Fifth Graders' Understanding of Heat and Temperature Concepts via Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the effect of concept mapping over traditional instruction on students' understanding and retention of heat and temperature concepts. The sample of this study consisted of 5th grade students from two classes of a elementary school (n=75). One intact class was randomly assigned to the comparison group whereas the other one…

Cakir Olgun, Ozlem Sila

2008-01-01

138

Breaking Concept Boundaries to Enhance Creative Potential: Using Integrated Concept Maps for Conceptual Self-Awareness  

Science.gov (United States)

|The authors address the role of computer support for building conceptual self-awareness--that is, enabling students to think outside of concept boundaries in hope of enhancing creative potential. Based on meta-cognition theory, we developed an integrated concept mapping system (ICMSys) to improve users' conceptual self-awareness in addition to…

Kao, Gloria Yi-Ming; Lin, Sunny S. J.; Sun, Chuen-Tsai

2008-01-01

139

Concept Mapping: A Unique Means for Negotiating Meaning in Professional Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

|Concept mapping (Novak & Gowin, 1984) has been used extensively as a graphic organiser in classroom teaching. This article addresses two particular approaches to using concept mapping that go beyond classroom planning into the realm of "idea-exchange" with concept mapping as mediator. The notion of "negotiative concept mapping" is examined in two…

Mackinnon, Gregory R.; Keppell, Mike

2005-01-01

140

Concept Mapping: A Unique Means for Negotiating Meaning in Professional Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept mapping (Novak & Gowin, 1984) has been used extensively as a graphic organiser in classroom teaching. This article addresses two particular approaches to using concept mapping that go beyond classroom planning into the realm of "idea-exchange" with concept mapping as mediator. The notion of "negotiative concept mapping" is examined in two…

Mackinnon, Gregory R.; Keppell, Mike

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Mapping as a learning strategy in health professions education: a critical analysis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

CONTEXT: Mapping is a means of representing knowledge in a visual network and is becoming more commonly used as a learning strategy in medical education. The assumption driving the development and use of concept mapping is that it supports and furthers meaningful learning. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this paper was to examine the effectiveness of concept mapping as a learning strategy in health professions education. METHODS: The authors conducted a critical analysis of recent literature on the use of concept mapping as a learning strategy in the area of health professions education. RESULTS: Among the 65 studies identified, 63% were classified as empirical work, the majority (76%) of which used pre-experimental designs. Only 24% of empirical studies assessed the impact of mapping on meaningful learning. Results of the analysis do not support the hypothesis that mapping per se furthers and supports meaningful learning, memorisation or factual recall. When documented improvements in learning were found, they often occurred when mapping was used in concert with other strategies, such as collaborative learning or instructor modelling, scaffolding and feedback. CONCLUSIONS: Current empirical research on mapping as a learning strategy presents methodological shortcomings that limit its internal and external validity. The results of our analysis indicate that mapping strategies that make use of feedback and scaffolding have beneficial effects on learning. Accordingly, we see a need to expand the process of reflection on the characteristics of representational guidance as it is provided by mapping techniques and tools based on field of knowledge, instructional objectives, and the characteristics of learners in health professions education.

Pudelko B; Young M; Vincent-Lamarre P; Charlin B

2012-12-01

142

Stakeholder Engagement Strategies for Participatory Mapping.  

Science.gov (United States)

Participatory mapping is a general term used to define a growing toolbox of techniques that can help communities make land use decisions. These maps go beyond the physical features portrayed in traditional maps; nearly everything valued by the community c...

2009-01-01

143

Cognitive Ability and the Instructional Efficacy of Collaborative Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

|Data were gathered from 248 secondary students (14 years old, 56% female) who learned about the circulatory system in 77 self-selected collaborative groups. The learning outcomes of biology students who summarised by collaborative concept mapping were compared with those of students who summarised by collaborative writing. Learning groups…

Haugwitz, Marion; Nesbit, John C.; Sandmann, Angela

2010-01-01

144

Concept Mapping and Science Achievement of Middle Grade Students  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study examined the effects of concept mapping on the science achievement of middle grade science students. The subjects were 182 eighth-grade students, distributed into eight intact earth science classes by ability levels. The ability level variable also was examined as a possible effect on student achievement. Two teachers were involved in…

Snead, Donald; Snead, Wanda L.

2004-01-01

145

Concept mapping: A useful tool for science education  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the genesis and development of concept mapping as a tool for science education. It also offers an overview of this special issue of the "Journal of Research in Science Teaching" and comments on the current state of knowledge representation. Suggestions for further research are made. (49 references)

Novak, Joseph

2006-05-24

146

The facebook influence model: a concept mapping approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

Facebook is a popular social media Web site that has been hypothesized to exert potential influence over users' attitudes, intentions, or behaviors. The purpose of this study was to develop a conceptual framework to explain influential aspects of Facebook. This mixed methods study applied concept mapping methodology, a validated five-step method to visually represent complex topics. The five steps comprise preparation, brainstorming, sort and rank, analysis, and interpretation. College student participants were identified using purposeful sampling. The 80 participants had a mean age of 20.5 years, and included 36% males. A total of 169 statements were generated during brainstorming, and sorted into between 6 and 22 groups. The final concept map included 13 clusters. Interpretation data led to grouping of clusters into four final domains, including connection, comparison, identification, and Facebook as an experience. The Facebook Influence Concept Map illustrates key constructs that contribute to influence, incorporating perspectives of older adolescent Facebook users. While Facebook provides a novel lens through which to consider behavioral influence, it can best be considered in the context of existing behavioral theory. The concept map may be used toward development of potential future intervention efforts. PMID:23621717

Moreno, Megan A; Kota, Rajitha; Schoohs, Shari; Whitehill, Jennifer M

2013-04-27

147

Cognitive Ability and the Instructional Efficacy of Collaborative Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

Data were gathered from 248 secondary students (14 years old, 56% female) who learned about the circulatory system in 77 self-selected collaborative groups. The learning outcomes of biology students who summarised by collaborative concept mapping were compared with those of students who summarised by collaborative writing. Learning groups randomly…

Haugwitz, Marion; Nesbit, John C.; Sandmann, Angela

2010-01-01

148

Concept Mapping and Science Achievement of Middle Grade Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the effects of concept mapping on the science achievement of middle grade science students. The subjects were 182 eighth-grade students, distributed into eight intact earth science classes by ability levels. The ability level variable also was examined as a possible effect on student achievement. Two teachers were involved in…

Snead, Donald; Snead, Wanda L.

2004-01-01

149

Urban bus drive system concept 1990. Concepts and strategies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A new drive-system concept is planned for implementation in a standard urban transit bus. This drive system will feature the following characteristics: instead of a large engine two small diesel engines with the same total power are used; fuel savings by virtue of variation in swept volume; elimination of noise and pollution emissions in the area of bus stops by means of automatically switching the motors on and off; definite reduction in emission of soot and particles during cruising operation; utilization of series-production components; improvement in the power-to-weight ratio. A report is made on the initial results of theoretical preliminary investigations in the following areas: analysis of drive-system possibilities; electronic-control philosophy of the drive system; computer simulation of driving operations.

Rattaj; Appel; Kuehnel; Graupmann; Wiedemann; Paulsen

1984-01-01

150

Concept mapping a baccalaureate nursing program: a method for success.  

Science.gov (United States)

The understanding of curricular design and development is paramount for faculty. For novice faculty, learning teaching methods commonly takes precedence over understanding curriculum development. Professional accrediting bodies of nursing programs require curriculum course content to be pertinent and flow logically. Baccalaureate nursing programs can choose to be accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education. The purpose of this article is to describe an educational innovation that one College of Nursing implemented to orient new faculty to the curriculum and prepare for an accreditation renewal. Assigned faculty developed and implemented a concept mapping process aimed to evaluate and revise course content based on national standards and guidelines. Undergraduate faculty understanding and ownership of the curriculum was evident throughout the process. The concept mapping process proved to be an innovative approach to enhance the curriculum and equip faculty with an understanding of the relationship between concepts and course content. PMID:21846074

Dearmon, Valorie; Lawson, Robin; Hall, Heather R

2011-08-17

151

Urban Noise and Strategies of Sound Mapping  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

What I attempt to present here may be understood as an attempt to comply with the appeal made by Roland Barthes in "Semiology and Urbanism": to multiply not only the functional studies of the city, but also, and not the least, the readings of the city. I will pursue the hypothesis that studies of urban sound may not only be operational in leading to better sonic environments, but rather such studies could be a useful resource for planners, architects, designers, politicians etc. whishing to analyze the social dynamics of urban life. This article takes the case of Gang i København, a strategic project from the Copenhagen Munincipelity initiated in 2006, as a starting point to discuss the politics of urban sound. It points out an important challenge for the methodology of urban sonic environments: namely that sound as a senso-motoric register may be poorly evaluated through concepts of noise and harmonics, taken to express disturbance and well-being respectively. A cultural theory of urban sonic environments would focus on the sociality of sound and investigate the ways in which people interact and make meaning through sound. Arguing for the relevance of a method to register and describe auditory practices as a kind of social interaction – a method that may supplement the engineer’s quantitative sound measurements and the landscape architect’s qualitative descriptors this article outlines a few approaches to a theory of acoustic territoriality and suggests alternative ways of mapping, analyzing and planning urban sonic environments.

Kreutzfeldt, Jacob

2012-01-01

152

Care planning for long-term conditions - a concept mapping.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE: This article focuses on approaches within clinical practice that seek to actively involve patients with long-term conditions (LTCs) and how professionals may understand and implement them. Personalized care planning is one such approach, but its current lack of conceptual clarity might have impeded its widespread implementation to date. A variety of overlapping concepts coexist in the literature, which have the potential to impair both clinical and research agendas. The aim of this article is therefore to explore the meaning of the concept of care planning in relation to other overlapping concepts and how this translates into clinical practice implementation. METHODS: Searches were conducted in the Cochrane database for systematic reviews, CINHAL and MEDLINE. A staged approach to conducting the concept mapping was undertaken, by (i) an examination of the literature on care planning in LTCs; (ii) identification of related terms; (iii) locating reviews of those terms. Retrieved articles were subjected to a content analysis, which formed the basis of our concept maps. (iv) We then appraised these against knowledge and experience of the implementation of care planning in clinical practice. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Thirteen articles were retrieved, in which the core importance of patient-centredness, shared decision making and self-management was highlighted. Literature searches on these terms retrieved a further 24 articles. Our concept mapping exercise shows that whilst there are common themes across the concepts, the differences between them reflect the context and intended outcomes within clinical practice. We argue that this clarification exercise will allow for further development of both research and clinical implementation agendas. PMID:23565881

Lhussier, Monique; Eaton, Simon; Forster, Natalie; Thomas, Mathew; Roberts, Sue; Carr, Susan M

2013-04-01

153

Care planning for long-term conditions - a concept mapping.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: This article focuses on approaches within clinical practice that seek to actively involve patients with long-term conditions (LTCs) and how professionals may understand and implement them. Personalized care planning is one such approach, but its current lack of conceptual clarity might have impeded its widespread implementation to date. A variety of overlapping concepts coexist in the literature, which have the potential to impair both clinical and research agendas. The aim of this article is therefore to explore the meaning of the concept of care planning in relation to other overlapping concepts and how this translates into clinical practice implementation. METHODS: Searches were conducted in the Cochrane database for systematic reviews, CINHAL and MEDLINE. A staged approach to conducting the concept mapping was undertaken, by (i) an examination of the literature on care planning in LTCs; (ii) identification of related terms; (iii) locating reviews of those terms. Retrieved articles were subjected to a content analysis, which formed the basis of our concept maps. (iv) We then appraised these against knowledge and experience of the implementation of care planning in clinical practice. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Thirteen articles were retrieved, in which the core importance of patient-centredness, shared decision making and self-management was highlighted. Literature searches on these terms retrieved a further 24 articles. Our concept mapping exercise shows that whilst there are common themes across the concepts, the differences between them reflect the context and intended outcomes within clinical practice. We argue that this clarification exercise will allow for further development of both research and clinical implementation agendas.

Lhussier M; Eaton S; Forster N; Thomas M; Roberts S; Carr SM

2013-04-01

154

The Effect of Teacher Generated Concept Maps on the Learning of Linear Motion Concepts in Elementary Physics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of using teacher generated concept maps on the learning of linear motion concepts in physics. The study used a pre and post-test quasi-experimental design method with a control group. The experimental group (n= 28) was taught physics with the aids of concept maps that were generated by the teacher while the control group (n= 29) was taught using the conventional method without concept maps. The results show that students using concept maps are more active in class and obtain a statistically significantly higher gain scores on the physics test ( =17.3) compared to the non-concept mapping group ( =12.9) with p < 0.05. It is concluded that teacher generated concept maps is an effective teaching and learning tool for promoting concept learning of linear motion in physics.

Maizam ALIAS; Aida TUKIRAN

2010-01-01

155

The longitudinal effect of concept map teaching on critical thinking of nursing students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Concept map is a useful cognitive tool for enhancing a student's critical thinking by encouraging students to process information deeply for understanding. However, there is limited understanding of longitudinal effects of concept map teaching on students' critical thinking. The purpose of the study was to investigate the growth and the other factors influencing the development of critical thinking in response to concept map as an interventional strategy for nursing students in a two-year registered nurse baccalaureate program. The study was a quasi-experimental and longitudinal follow-up design. A convenience sample was drawn from a university in central Taiwan. Data were collected at different time points at the beginning of each semester using structured questionnaires including Critical Thinking Scale and Approaches to Learning and Studying. The intervention of concept map teaching was given at the second semester in the Medical-Surgical Nursing course. The results of the findings revealed student started with a mean critical thinking score of 41.32 and decreased at a rate of 0.42 over time, although not significant. After controlling for individual characteristics, the final model revealed that the experimental group gained a higher critical thinking score across time than the control group. The best predictive variables of initial status in critical thinking were without clinical experience and a higher pre-test score. The growth in critical thinking was predicted best by a lower pre-test score, and lower scores on surface approach and organized study. Our study suggested that concept map is a useful teaching strategy to enhance student critical thinking.

Lee W; Chiang CH; Liao IC; Lee ML; Chen SL; Liang T

2013-10-01

156

Concept mapping: a distinctive educational approach to foster critical thinking.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Advanced practice nurses must be able to link interventions to address pathophysiological processes with underlying alterations in normal physiological function to promote safe, effective patient care. Development of creative methods to assist students to make their own connections among healthcare concepts is imperative to create a positive learning environment. The authors discuss the use of concept mapping in conjunction with case-study clinical rounds to maximize critical thinking and greater learning retention among advanced practice nurses in a graduate physiology/pathophysiology course.

Taylor LA; Littleton-Kearney M

2011-03-01

157

Concept mapping as an empowering method to promote learning, thinking, teaching and research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Results and underpinning of over twenty years of research and development program of concept mapping is presented. Different graphical knowledge presentation tools, especially concept mapping and mind mapping, are compared. There are two main dimensions that differentiate graphical knowledge presentation methods: The first dimension is conceptual explicitness: from mere concepts to flexibly named links and clear propositions in concept maps. The second dimension in the classification system I am suggesting is whether there are pictures or not. Åhlberg?s and his research group?s applications and developments of Novakian concept maps are compared to traditional Novakian concept maps. The main innovations include always using arrowheads to show direction of reading the concept map. Centrality of each concept is estimated from number of links to other concepts. In our empirical research over two decades, number of relevant concepts, and number of relevant propositions in students? concept maps, have been found to be the best indicators and predictors of meaningful learning. This is used in assessment of learning. Improved concept mapping is presented as a tool to analyze texts. The main innovation is numbering the links to show order of reading the concept map and to make it possible to transform concept map back to the original prose text as closely as possible. In Åhlberg and his research group?s research, concept mapping has been tested in all main phases of research, teaching and learning.

Mauri Kalervo Åhlberg

2013-01-01

158

Care plans using concept maps and their effects on the critical thinking dispositions of nursing students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

It is expected that nursing education improves abilities of students in solving problems, decision making and critical thinking in different circumstances. This study was performed to analyse the effects of care plans prepared using concept maps on the critical thinking dispositions of students. An experimental group and a control group were made up of a total of 80 freshman and sophomore students from the nursing department of a health school. The study used a pre-test post-test control group design. The critical thinking dispositions of the groups were measured using the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory. In addition, the care plans prepared by the experimental group students were evaluated using the criteria for evaluating care plans with concept maps. T-test was used in analysing the data. The results showed that there were no statistically significant differences in the total and sub-scale pre-test scores between the experimental group and control group students. There were also significant differences in the total and sub-scale post-test scores between the experimental group and control group students. There were significant differences between concept map care plan evaluation criteria mean scores of the experimental students. In the light of these findings, it could be argued that the concept mapping strategy improves critical thinking skills of students.

Atay S; Karabacak U

2012-06-01

159

[Towards a strategy of quality assurance. From concepts to action  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this paper is to present the basic principles needed to implement a national strategy for quality assurance in medical care in Mexico. The first part is devoted to a review of the basic concepts of quality of care with the aim of analyzing the evolution of the discussion of the concept of "quality assurance". This review constitutes the reference frame of the description of the historical evolution of quality assurance in different parts of the world. Finally, the experiences regarding quality assurance in Mexico are discussed and several basic proposals for the design of a national quality assurance strategy are presented.

Ruelas-Barajas E

1992-01-01

160

Incorporating Concept Mapping in Project-Based Learning: Lessons from Watershed Investigations  

Science.gov (United States)

|The concept map tool set forth by Novak and colleagues is underutilized in education. A meta-analysis has encouraged teachers to make extensive use of concept mapping, and researchers have advocated computer-based concept mapping applications that exploit hyperlink technology. Through an NSF sponsored geosciences education grant, middle and…

Rye, James; Landenberger, Rick; Warner, Timothy A.

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

The Evaluation and Influence of Interaction in Network Supported Collaborative Concept Mapping.  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study of inservice and preservice teachers investigated group interaction processes in networked supported collaborative concept mapping and the influence these group interaction processes had upon group concept mapping performance. Results showed that group concept mapping performance was significantly correlated to the quantity of group…

Chiu, Chiung-Hui; Huang, Chun-Chieh; Chang, Wen-Tsung

2000-01-01

162

The Evaluation and Influence of Interaction in Network Supported Collaborative Concept Mapping.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study of inservice and preservice teachers investigated group interaction processes in networked supported collaborative concept mapping and the influence these group interaction processes had upon group concept mapping performance. Results showed that group concept mapping performance was significantly correlated to the quantity of group…

Chiu, Chiung-Hui; Huang, Chun-Chieh; Chang, Wen-Tsung

2000-01-01

163

Using a conceptual approach with concept mapping to promote critical thinking.  

Science.gov (United States)

Promoting the development of critical thinking is crucial to nursing education for two reasons. First, the National League for Nursing and the American Association of Colleges of Nurses consider critical thinking an outcome criterion for baccalaureate nursing education. Second, and significantly more important, professional nursing practice requires critical thinking skills and problem solving abilities. Too often, teaching is not directed at specifically designed activities that foster critical thinking. Various teaching strategies have been proposed that promote critical thinking, including service learning, role playing, reflective learning, the critical incidence conference, videotaped vignettes, preceptorship, and concept mapping. This article focuses on the use of assimilation theory and concept maps to facilitate critical thinking experiences in nursing education. PMID:19227756

Vacek, Jenny E

2009-01-01

164

Using a conceptual approach with concept mapping to promote critical thinking.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Promoting the development of critical thinking is crucial to nursing education for two reasons. First, the National League for Nursing and the American Association of Colleges of Nurses consider critical thinking an outcome criterion for baccalaureate nursing education. Second, and significantly more important, professional nursing practice requires critical thinking skills and problem solving abilities. Too often, teaching is not directed at specifically designed activities that foster critical thinking. Various teaching strategies have been proposed that promote critical thinking, including service learning, role playing, reflective learning, the critical incidence conference, videotaped vignettes, preceptorship, and concept mapping. This article focuses on the use of assimilation theory and concept maps to facilitate critical thinking experiences in nursing education.

Vacek JE

2009-01-01

165

The use of concept maps for knowledge management: from classrooms to research labs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Our contemporary society asks for new strategies to manage knowledge. The main activities developed by academics involve knowledge transmission (teaching) and production (research). Creativity and collaboration are valuable assets for establishing learning organizations in classrooms and research labs. Concept mapping is a useful graphical technique to foster some of the disciplines required to create and develop high-performance teams. The need for a linking phrase to clearly state conceptual relationships makes concept maps (Cmaps) very useful for organizing our own ideas (externalization), as well as, sharing them with other people (elicitation and consensus building). The collaborative knowledge construction (CKC) is supported by Cmaps because they improve the communication signal-to-noise ratio among participants with high information asymmetry. In other words, we can identify knowledge gaps and insightful ideas in our own Cmaps when discussing them with our counterparts. Collaboration involving low and high information asymmetry can also be explored through peer review and student-professor/advisor interactions, respectively. In conclusion, when it is used properly, concept mapping can provide a competitive advantage to produce and share knowledge in our contemporary society. To map is to know, as stated by Wandersee in 1990.

Correia PR

2012-02-01

166

The Effectiveness of Concept Maps in Teaching Physics Concepts Applied to Engineering Education: Experimental Comparison of the Amount of Learning Achieved With and Without Concept Maps  

Science.gov (United States)

A study was conducted to quantify the effectiveness of concept maps in learning physics in engineering degrees. The following research question was posed: What was the difference in learning results from the use of concept maps to study a particular topic in an engineering course? The study design was quasi-experimental and used a post-test as a measuring instrument. The sample included 114 university students from the School of Industrial Engineering who were divided into two equivalent homogeneous groups of 57 students each. The amount of learning attained by the students in each group was compared, with the independent variable being the teaching method; the experimental group (E.G.) used concept maps, while the control group (C.G.) did not. We performed a crossover study with the two groups of students, with one group acting as the E.G. for the topic of optical fibers and as the C.G. for the topic of the fundamental particles of matter and vice versa for the other group. For each of the two topics studied, the evaluation instrument was a test of 100 dichotomous items. The resulting data were subjected to a comparative statistical analysis, which revealed a significant difference in the amount of learning attained by the E.G. students as compared with the C.G. students. The results allow us to state that for the use of concept maps, the average increment in the E.G. students' learning was greater than 19 percentage points.

Martínez, Guadalupe; Pérez, Ángel Luis; Suero, María Isabel; Pardo, Pedro J.

2013-04-01

167

Concept Mapping as a Learning Tool for the Employment Relations Degree  

Science.gov (United States)

|Concept mapping is a technique to represent relationships between concepts that can help students to improve their meaningful learning. Using the cognitive theories proposed by Ausubel (1968), concept maps can help instructors and students to enhance their logical thinking and study skills by revealing connections among concepts that can simplify…

Martinez-Canas, Ricardo; Ruiz-Palomino, Pablo

2011-01-01

168

Concept Mapping as a Learning Tool for the Employment Relations Degree  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept mapping is a technique to represent relationships between concepts that can help students to improve their meaningful learning. Using the cognitive theories proposed by Ausubel (1968), concept maps can help instructors and students to enhance their logical thinking and study skills by revealing connections among concepts that can simplify…

Martinez-Canas, Ricardo; Ruiz-Palomino, Pablo

2011-01-01

169

A phenomenographic case study: Concept maps from the perspectives of middle school students  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to investigate the experiences of middle school students when concept maps were used as a learning tool. Twenty-nine students' written responses, concept maps and videotapes were analyzed. Out of 29 students, thirteen students were interviewed using a semi-structured and open-ended interview protocol. The students' initial written responses provided us with the students' initial reactions to concept maps. The videotapes captured the students' behavior, and interpersonal interactions. The interviews probed students': (1) knowledge about drawing concept maps, (2) perception of the meaning and usefulness of concept maps, and (3) attitudes towards concept maps. The results indicated that the students viewed concept maps as useful tools in learning science. They believed that concept maps organized and summarized the information, which thereby helped them understand the topic easily. They also believed that concept maps had some cognitive benefits. However, the students viewed concept maps as hard to construct because it was difficult for the students to think of related concepts. The students' initial written responses, interviews and videotapes indicated that the students seemed to see both positive and negative aspects of concept maps. Some students' had more positive and some had more negative attitudes.

Saglam, Yilmaz

170

Innovation Management Strategies, Concepts and Tools for Growth and Profit  

CERN Document Server

Innovation Management: Strategies, Concepts and Tools for Growth and Profit is a unique book in the rapidly growing discipline of Innovation Management. It seeks to build on the experience from an earlier discipline?Competitive Strategy. It took more than two decades for practitioners to realize that successful strategy is driven by implementation, not by formulation. Similarly, successful innovation?the key to growth and profit?rests on disciplined management and implementation of the innovation process from start to finish. This book first answers the key questions: Why innovate? How to inno

Maital, Shlomo

2012-01-01

171

Adolescents' Emotion Regulation Strategies, Self-Concept, and Internalizing Problems  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationships among adolescents' emotion regulation strategies (suppression and cognitive reappraisal), self-concept, and internalizing problems using structural equation modeling. The sample consisted of 438 early adolescents (13 to 15 years old) in Taiwan, including 215 boys and 223 girls. For both boys and girls,…

Hsieh, Manying; Stright, Anne Dopkins

2012-01-01

172

Concept maps and the meaningful learning of science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The foundations of the Meaningful Learning Theory (MLT) were laid by David Ausubel. The MLT was highly valued by the contributions of Joseph Novak and D. B. Gowin. Unlike other learning theories, the MLT has an operational component, since there are some instruments based on it and with the meaningful learning facilitation as aim. These tools were designated graphic organizers by John Trowbridge and James Wandersee (2000, pp. 100-129). One of them is the concept map created by Novak to extract meanings from an amalgam of information, having currently many applications. The other one is the Vee diagram or knowledge Vee, also called epistemological Vee or heuristic Vee. It was created by Gowin, and is an excellent organizer, for example to unpack and make transparent the unclear information from an information source. Both instruments help us in processing and becoming conceptually transparent the information, to facilitate the cognitive process of new meanings construction. In this work, after a brief introduction, it will be developed the epistemological and psychological grounds of MLT, followed by a reference to constructivist learning environments facilitators of the meaningful learning, the characterization of concept maps and exemplification of its use in various applications that have proved to be very effective from the standpoint of meaningful learning.

José Antonio C. S. Valadares

2013-01-01

173

Requirements and design concept for a facility mapping system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has for some time been considering the Decontamination and Dismantlement (D&D) of facilities which are no longer in use, but which are highly contaminated with radioactive wastes. One of the holdups in performing the D&D task is the accumulation of accurate facility characterizations that can enable a safe and orderly cleanup process. According to the Technical Strategic Plan for the Decontamination and Decommissioning Integrated Demonstration, {open_quotes}the cost of characterization using current baseline technologies for approximately 100 acres of gaseous diffusion plant at Oak Ridge alone is, for the most part incalculable{close_quotes}. Automated, robotic techniques will be necessary for initial characterization and continued surveillance of these types of sites. Robotic systems are being designed and constructed to accomplish these tasks. This paper describes requirements and design concepts for a system to accurately map a facility contaminated with hazardous wastes. Some of the technologies involved in the Facility Mapping System are: remote characterization with teleoperated, sensor-based systems, fusion of data sets from multiple characterization systems, and object recognition from 3D data models. This Facility Mapping System is being assembled by Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the DOE Office of Technology Development Robotics Technology Development Program.

Barry, R.E.; Burks, B.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Little, C.Q. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-02-01

174

The Effects Of Concept Mapping On Primary School Students' Understanding Of The Concepts Of Force And Motion  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to reveal fifth-grade primary school students’ misconceptions about the concepts of force and motion and to compare the effects of traditional teaching methods and concept maps in remedying these misconceptions. The following research questions were specifically addressed;1. What were the misconceptions held by the sample of study concerning the concepts of force and motion?2. Would training with concept maps or traditional introduction be more effective in improving students’ understanding of the concepts of motion and force?

Aysel CANDAN; Lütfullah TÜRKMEN; Osman ÇARDAK

2006-01-01

175

Using concept mapping for planning and evaluation of a statewide energy efficiency initiative  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this paper, concept mapping techniques for planning and evaluating energy efficiency initiatives are presented using a case example from an evaluability assessment of a statewide initiative in the USA. Cluster maps, point cluster maps, cluster rating maps, pattern matches, go-zones, and other information are used to demonstrate how concept mapping can inform non-arbitrary, defensible decisions and subsequent actions for energy efficiency and renewable energy financing, program planning, and evaluation.

Schroeter, D.C.; Coryn, C.L.S.; Cullen, A.; Robertson, K.N.; Alyami, M. [Western Michigan University, 4405 Ellsworth Hall, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5237 (United States)

2012-08-15

176

The Contribution of Conceptual Change Texts Accompanied by Concept Mapping to Eleventh-Grade Students Understanding of Cellular Respiration Concepts  

Science.gov (United States)

|The present study conducted to investigate the contribution of conceptual change texts, accompanied by concept mapping instruction to eleventh-grade students' understanding of cellular respiration concepts, and their retention of this understanding. Cellular respiration concepts test was developed as a result of examination of related literature…

Al khawaldeh, Salem A.; Al Olaimat, Ali M.

2010-01-01

177

The Contribution of Conceptual Change Texts Accompanied by Concept Mapping to Eleventh-Grade Students Understanding of Cellular Respiration Concepts  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study conducted to investigate the contribution of conceptual change texts, accompanied by concept mapping instruction to eleventh-grade students' understanding of cellular respiration concepts, and their retention of this understanding. Cellular respiration concepts test was developed as a result of examination of related literature…

Al khawaldeh, Salem A.; Al Olaimat, Ali M.

2010-01-01

178

Concept Mapping in the Humanities to Facilitate Reflection: Externalizing the Relationship between Public and Personal Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article discusses how mapping techniques were used in university teaching in a humanities subject. The use of concept mapping was expanded as a pedagogical tool, with a focus on reflective learning processes. Data were collected through a longitudinal study of concept mapping in a university-level Classics course. This was used to explore…

Kandiko, Camille; Hay, David; Weller, Saranne

2013-01-01

179

The utility of concept mapping for actualizing participatory research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Concept Mapping (CM) is a methodology designed for researching group processes;one its main features is the participatory nature of the technique and its use in new contexts, using methods rooted in traditional applied research. A strong feature of CM is the inclusion of different groups of people interested inreaching meanings and consensus to generate commitment oriented to the development of the communities involved. Another strength, is the overcoming of the shortcomings of ethnographic techniques, because it includes all groups of interest (stakeholders) to combine knowledge, actions and change. Its use (CM)requires to develop of multilevel relationships among the groups, and the valuing of different perspectives, as well as the balancing of the researcher´s approach and that of the participants, using robust models and analytics that yield objective data.

Scott R. Rosas

2012-01-01

180

Qualidade conjugal: mapeando conceitos/ Marital quality: mapping out concepts  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Apesar da ampla utilização do conceito de qualidade conjugal, identifica-se falta de clareza conceitual acerca das variáveis que o compõem. Esse artigo apresenta revisão da literatura na área com o objetivo de mapear o conceito de qualidade conjugal. Foram analisadas sete principais teorias sobre o tema: Troca Social, Comportamental, Apego, Teoria da Crise, Interacionismo Simbólico. Pelos postulados propostos nas diferentes teorias, podem-se identificar três grupo (more) s de variáveis fundamentais na definição da qualidade conjugal: recursos pessoais dos cônjuges, contexto de inserção do casal e processos adaptativos. Neste sentido, a qualidade conjugal é resultado do processo dinâmico e interativo do casal, razão deste caráter multidimensional. Abstract in english Despite the wide use of marital quality concept, it is identified a lack of variables conceptual clarity. This article presents an area literature review with the objective of mapping out the conjugal concept. Seven theories about this subject were analysed: Social Exchange Theory, Behaviourist Theory, Attachment Theory, Crisis Theory, Simbolic Interactionism Theory, Family Systems Theory, Adaptation of Vulnerability to Stress Model. It is possible to identify three group (more) s of variables in the definition of conjugal quality: spouses personal resources, context in which the couple is inserted, adapting processes. Hence, conjugal quality is the result of couple dynamic and interactive process, consequence of a multidimensional character.

Mosmann, Clarisse; Wagner, Adriana; Féres-Carneiro, Terezinha

2006-12-01

 
 
 
 
181

A Modularized Multi-strategy Fuzzy Ontology Mapping Method  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To overcome the problem that the traditional ontologies are difficult to handle uncertain knowledge, by virtue of the features of fuzzy ontology and the advantages of ontology modularization cooperated with multi-strategy ontology mapping, a Semantic Web oriented fuzzy ontology model and its corresp...

Li Guan-Yu; Zhao Yan; Rao Zhang-Min

182

Mediated learning experience and concept maps: a pedagogical tool for achieving meaningful learning in medical physiology students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Even though comprehension of human physiology is crucial in the clinical setting, students frequently learn part of this subject using rote memory and then are unable to transfer knowledge to other contexts or to solve clinical problems. This study evaluated the impact of articulating the concept map strategy with the mediated learning experience on meaningful learning during the cardiovascular module of a medical physiology course at Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga. This research was based on the ideas of David Ausubel (meaningful learning), Joseph Novak (concept maps), and Reuven Feuerstein (mediated learning experience). Students were randomly allocated to either an intervention group (mediated learning experience articulated with concept mapping) or a control group (traditional methodology). The intervention group constructed concept maps related to cardiovascular physiology and used them to solve problems related to this subject. The control group attended traditional discussion sessions and problem-solving sessions. All students were evaluated with two types of exams: problem-solving and multiple-choice exams. The intervention group performed significantly better on the problem-solving exams, but the difference was not significant in the multiple-choice exam. It was concluded that intervention promoted meaningful learning that allowed the students to transfer this knowledge to solve problems. The implemented strategy had a greater impact on the students who came into the study with the lowest cognitive competence, possibly because they were empowered by the intervention.

González HL; Palencia AP; Umaña LA; Galindo L; Villafrade M LA

2008-12-01

183

Investigating the Use of ICT-Based Concept Mapping Techniques on Creativity in Literacy Tasks  

Science.gov (United States)

|The key research question in this small-scale study focuses on the effects that an ICT (information and communications technologies)-based concept mapping intervention has on creativity and writing achievement in 10-11-year-old primary age pupils. The data shows that pupils using a concept mapping intervention significantly improve their NFER…

Riley, Nigel R.; Ahlberg, Mauri

2004-01-01

184

Effective Self-Regulated Science Learning through Multimedia-Enriched Skeleton Concept Maps  

Science.gov (United States)

|Background: This study combines work on concept mapping with scripted collaborative learning. Purpose: The objective was to examine the effects of self-regulated science learning through scripting students' argumentative interactions during collaborative "multimedia-enriched skeleton concept mapping" on meaningful science learning and retention.…

Maree, Ton J.; van Bruggen, Jan M.; Jochems, Wim M. G.

2013-01-01

185

Environmental Connections and Concept Mapping: Implementing a New Learning Technology at Lewis & Clark College  

Science.gov (United States)

|What is environment? The answer to this question is fundamental to how we teach environmental studies and sciences (ESS). We follow recent scholarly literature in approaching environment as connection, not as some category of reality, and consider pedagogical implications via concept mapping, a new learning technology. Concept maps potentially…

Proctor, James D.; Bernstein, Jennifer

2013-01-01

186

Using a Concept Map as a Tool for Strategic Planning: The Healthy Brain Initiative  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Concept mapping is a tool to assist in strategic planning that allows planners to work through a sequence of phases to produce a conceptual framework. Although several studies describe how concept mapping is applied to various public health problems, the flexibility of the methods used in each phase...

Anderson, Lynda A.; Day, Kristine L.; Vandenberg, Anna E.

187

Making Learning Visible: The Role of Concept Mapping in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article develops the concept-mapping method as a tool for enhancing teaching quality in higher education. In particular, it describes how concept mapping can be used to transform abstract knowledge and understanding into concrete visual representations that are amenable to comparison and measurement. The article describes four important uses…

Hay, David; Kinchin, Ian; Lygo-Baker, Simon

2008-01-01

188

Concept Mapping: An Approach for Evaluating a Public Alternative School Program  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article describes how concept mapping techniques were applied to evaluate the development of a solution-focused, public alternative school program. Concept Systems software was used to create 15 cluster maps based on statements generated from students, teachers, and school staff. In addition, pattern matches were analyzed to examine the…

Streeter, Calvin L.; Franklin, Cynthia; Kim, Johnny S.; Tripodi, Stephen J.

2011-01-01

189

Comparison of 1:1 and 1:m CSCL Environment for Collaborative Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

|This paper reports an investigation into the effects of collaborative concept mapping in a digital learning environment, in terms of students' overall learning gains, knowledge retention, quality of student artefacts (the collaboratively created concept maps), interactive patterns, and learning perceptions. Sixty-four 12-year-old students from…

Lin, C.-P.; Wong, L.-H.; Shao, Y.-J.

2012-01-01

190

Quality and Rigor of the Concept Mapping Methodology: A Pooled Study Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

|The use of concept mapping in research and evaluation has expanded dramatically over the past 20 years. Researchers in academic, organizational, and community-based settings have applied concept mapping successfully without the benefit of systematic analyses across studies to identify the features of a methodologically sound study. Quantitative…

Rosas, Scott R.; Kane, Mary

2012-01-01

191

An Innovative Concept Map Approach for Improving Students' Learning Performance with an Instant Feedback Mechanism  

Science.gov (United States)

|Concept maps have been widely employed for helping students organise their knowledge as well as evaluating their knowledge structures in a wide range of subject matters. Although researchers have recognised concept maps as being an important educational tool, past experiences have also revealed the difficulty of evaluating the correctness of a…

Wu, Po-Han; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Milrad, Marcelo; Ke, Hui-Ru; Huang, Yueh-Min

2012-01-01

192

The Effect of Hypermedia Knowledge and Learning Style on Student-Centered Concept Maps about Hypermedia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes a study that focused on 21 graduate students enrolled in a hypermedia in education class who constructed concept maps on the term hypermedia. The purpose of the study was to determine whether students created concept maps differently based on their Kolb learning styles and levels of hypermedia knowledge. (Author/LRW)

Oughton, John M.; Reed, W. Michael

2000-01-01

193

Concept Mapping: An Approach for Evaluating a Public Alternative School Program  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes how concept mapping techniques were applied to evaluate the development of a solution-focused, public alternative school program. Concept Systems software was used to create 15 cluster maps based on statements generated from students, teachers, and school staff. In addition, pattern matches were analyzed to examine the…

Streeter, Calvin L.; Franklin, Cynthia; Kim, Johnny S.; Tripodi, Stephen J.

2011-01-01

194

Environmental Connections and Concept Mapping: Implementing a New Learning Technology at Lewis & Clark College  

Science.gov (United States)

What is environment? The answer to this question is fundamental to how we teach environmental studies and sciences (ESS). We follow recent scholarly literature in approaching environment as connection, not as some category of reality, and consider pedagogical implications via concept mapping, a new learning technology. Concept maps potentially…

Proctor, James D.; Bernstein, Jennifer

2013-01-01

195

Making Learning Visible: The Role of Concept Mapping in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This article develops the concept-mapping method as a tool for enhancing teaching quality in higher education. In particular, it describes how concept mapping can be used to transform abstract knowledge and understanding into concrete visual representations that are amenable to comparison and measurement. The article describes four important uses…

Hay, David; Kinchin, Ian; Lygo-Baker, Simon

2008-01-01

196

Comparison of 1:1 and 1:m CSCL Environment for Collaborative Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports an investigation into the effects of collaborative concept mapping in a digital learning environment, in terms of students' overall learning gains, knowledge retention, quality of student artefacts (the collaboratively created concept maps), interactive patterns, and learning perceptions. Sixty-four 12-year-old students from two…

Lin, C.-P.; Wong, L.-H.; Shao, Y.-J.

2012-01-01

197

Effective Self-Regulated Science Learning through Multimedia-Enriched Skeleton Concept Maps  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: This study combines work on concept mapping with scripted collaborative learning. Purpose: The objective was to examine the effects of self-regulated science learning through scripting students' argumentative interactions during collaborative "multimedia-enriched skeleton concept mapping" on meaningful science learning and retention.…

Maree, Ton J.; van Bruggen, Jan M.; Jochems, Wim M. G.

2013-01-01

198

Quality and Rigor of the Concept Mapping Methodology: A Pooled Study Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of concept mapping in research and evaluation has expanded dramatically over the past 20 years. Researchers in academic, organizational, and community-based settings have applied concept mapping successfully without the benefit of systematic analyses across studies to identify the features of a methodologically sound study. Quantitative…

Rosas, Scott R.; Kane, Mary

2012-01-01

199

Investigating the Use of ICT-Based Concept Mapping Techniques on Creativity in Literacy Tasks  

Science.gov (United States)

The key research question in this small-scale study focuses on the effects that an ICT (information and communications technologies)-based concept mapping intervention has on creativity and writing achievement in 10-11-year-old primary age pupils. The data shows that pupils using a concept mapping intervention significantly improve their NFER…

Riley, Nigel R.; Ahlberg, Mauri

2004-01-01

200

Effectiveness of Concept Maps in Economics: Evidence from Australia and USA  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper evaluates the effectiveness of concept maps as a teaching and learning tool in university level Principles of Microeconomics courses in Australia and USA. Concept mapping was incorporated in the teaching material in both courses at different countries and, at the end of the semester, the students completed a survey regarding the use,…

Marangos, John; Alley, Sean

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

The concept of a national security strategy : the case of the United States and South Africa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Discusses the concept of a national security strategy in the United States as an example of a distinctive broad national security strategy supplemented by more specific national security strategies. Presents an overview of the South African situation.

Hough, Mike (Michael)

202

Empirical evidence of the effectiveness of concept mapping as a learning intervention for nuclear medicine technology students in a distance learning radiation protection and biology course.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: Metacognitive learning strategies are based on instructional learning theory, which promotes deep, meaningful learning. Educators in a baccalaureate-level nuclear medicine technology program demonstrated that students enrolled in an online, distance learning section of an introductory radiation protection and radiobiology course performed better when traditional instruction was supplemented with nontraditional metacognitive learning strategies. METHODS: The metacognitive learning strategy that was used is best known as concept mapping. The concept map, in addition to the standard homework problem assignment and opportunity for question-answer sessions, became the template for misconception identification and remediation interactions between the instructor and the student. The control group relied on traditional homework problems and question-answer sessions alone. Because students in both the "treatment" groups (i.e., students who used concept mapping) and the control group were distance learning students, all personal communications were conducted via e-mail or telephone. The final examination of the course was used to facilitate a quantitative comparison of the performance of students who used concept mapping and the performance of students who did not use concept mapping. RESULTS: The results demonstrated a significantly higher median final examination score for the concept mapping group than for the non-concept mapping group (z = -2.0381, P = 0.0415), with an appropriately large effect size (2.65). CONCLUSION: Concept mapping is a cognitive learning intervention that effectively enables meaningful learning and is suitable for use in the independent learner-oriented distance learning environments used by some nuclear medicine technology programs.

Passmore GG; Owen MA; Prabakaran K

2011-12-01

203

Entropy and Energy in Characterizing the Organization of Concept Maps in Learning Science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Knowledge structures are often represented in the form of networks or maps of concepts. The coherence and connectivity of such knowledge representations is known to be closely related to knowledge production, acquisition and processing. In this study we use network theory in making the clustering and cohesion of concept maps measurable, and show how the distribution of these properties can be interpreted through the Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) method. This approach allows to introduce new concepts of the “energy of cognitive load” and the “entropy of knowledge organization” to describe the organization of knowledge in the concept maps.

Ismo T. Koponen; Maija Pehkonen

2010-01-01

204

Stakeholder analysis and mapping as targeted communication strategy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This department highlights change management strategies that may be successful in strategically planning and executing organizational change initiatives. With the goal of presenting practical approaches helpful to nurse leaders advancing organizational change, content includes evidence-based projects, tools, and resources that mobilize and sustain organizational change initiatives. In this article, the author highlights the importance of stakeholder theory and discusses how to apply the theory to conduct a stakeholder analysis. This article also provides an explanation of how to use related stakeholder mapping techniques with targeted communication strategies.

Shirey MR

2012-09-01

205

Stakeholder analysis and mapping as targeted communication strategy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This department highlights change management strategies that may be successful in strategically planning and executing organizational change initiatives. With the goal of presenting practical approaches helpful to nurse leaders advancing organizational change, content includes evidence-based projects, tools, and resources that mobilize and sustain organizational change initiatives. In this article, the author highlights the importance of stakeholder theory and discusses how to apply the theory to conduct a stakeholder analysis. This article also provides an explanation of how to use related stakeholder mapping techniques with targeted communication strategies. PMID:22922747

Shirey, Maria R

2012-09-01

206

Using Concept Mapping to Develop a Logic Model for the Prevention Research Centers Program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction Concept mapping is a structured conceptualization process that provides a visual representation of relationships among ideas. Concept mapping was used to develop a logic model for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Prevention Research Centers Program, which has a large and diverse group of stakeholders throughout the United States. No published studies have used concept mapping to develop a logic model for a national program. Methods Two logic models were constructed using the data from the concept mapping process and program documents: one for the national level and one for the local level. Concept mapping involved three phases: 1) developing questions to generate ideas about the program’s purpose and function, 2) gathering input from 145 national stakeholders and 135 local stakeholders and sorting ideas into themes, and 3) using multivariate statistical analyses to generate concept maps. Logic models were refined using feedback received from stakeholders at regional meetings and conferences and from a structured feedback tool. Results The national concept map consisted of 9 clusters with 88 statements; the local concept map consisted of 11 clusters with 75 statements. Clusters were categorized into three logic model components: inputs, activities, and outcomes. Based on feedback, two draft logic models were combined and finalized into one for the Prevention Research Centers Program. Conclusion Concept mapping provides a valuable data source, establishes a common view of a program, and identifies inputs, activities, and outcomes in a logic model. Our concept mapping process resulted in a logic model that is meaningful for stakeholders, incorporates input from the program’s partners, and establishes important program expectations. Our methods may be beneficial for other programs that are developing logic models for evaluation planning.

Lynda A. Anderson, PhD; Margaret K. Gwaltney, MBA; Demia L. Sundra, MPH; Ross C. Brownson, PhD; Mary Kane, MS; Alan W. Cross, MD; Richard Mack, Jr, PhD; Randy Schwartz, MSPH; Tom Sims, MA; Carol R. White, MPH

2005-01-01

207

A Novel Process Mapping Strategy in Clustered Environments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays the number of available processing cores within computing nodes which are used in recent clustered environments, are growing up with a rapid rate. Despite this trend, the number of available network interfaces in such computing nodes has almost been remained unchanged. This issue can lead to high usage of network interface in many workloads, especially in heavy-communicating workloads. As a result, network interface may raise as a performance bottleneck and can drastically degrade the performance. The goal of this paper is to introduce a new process mapping strategy in multi-core clusters aimed at reducing network interface contention and improving inter-node communication performance of parallel applications. Performance evaluation of the new mapping algorithm in synthetic and real workloads indicates that the new strategy can achieve 5% to 90% performance improvement in heavy communicating workloads, compared to other well-known methods.

Mohsen Soryani; Morteza Analoui; Ghobad Zarrinchian

2012-01-01

208

Analyzing Concept Maps as an Assessment (Evaluation) Tool in Teaching Mathematics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this research concept mapping has been used as a testing instrument. In our country?s education system, the relationship between the scores which are given to concept maps and the scores which are given to traditional written exams and multiple choice examinations in teaching mathematics, has been analyzed. Especially the examinations about functions, numbers, exponent numbers, rooted numbers and absolute values have been evaluated. Literature class scores which are assumed to reflect the student?s oral thinking and their ability to express their thoughts have been compared with concept mapping?s scores. At the end of the research, it is understood that someone can make reliable testing and evaluation by using concept mapping. There is no meaningful correlation between concept mapping and multiple choice type examinations. On the other hand, there is a meaningful correlation between the scores of concept mapping and traditional mathematics examinations. About p<0.1 meaningfulness has been determined between concept mapping testing and literature examinations. In this research comments have been made on these results and various suggestions have been given according to these results.

Ahmet S.   Ozdemir

2005-01-01

209

Applying the concepts of innovation strategies to plastic surgery.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery has a well-known history of innovative procedures and products. However, with the rise in competition, such as aesthetic procedures being performed by other medical specialties, there is a need for continued innovation in plastic surgery to create novel treatments to advance this specialty. Although many articles introduce innovative technologies and procedures, there is a paucity of publications to highlight the application of principles of innovation in plastic surgery. METHODS: The authors review the literature regarding business strategies for innovation. RESULTS: The authors evaluate concepts of innovation, process of innovation (i.e., idea generation, idea evaluation, idea conversion, idea diffusion, and adoption), ethical issues, and application to plastic surgery. CONCLUSION: Adopting a business model of innovation is helpful for promoting a new paradigm of progress to propel plastic surgery to new avenues of creativity.

Wang Y; Kotsis SV; Chung KC

2013-08-01

210

Discrimination of mixed quantum states. Reversible maps and unambiguous strategies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The discrimination of two mixed quantum states is a fundamental task in quantum state estimation and quantum information theory. In quantum state discrimination a quantum system is assumed to be in one of two possible - in general mixed - non-orthogonal quantum states. The discrimination then consists of a measurement strategy that allows to decide in which state the system was before the measurement. In unambiguous state discrimination the aim is to make this decision without errors, but it is allowed to give an inconclusive answer. Especially interesting are measurement strategies that minimize the probability of an inconclusive answer. A starting point for the analysis of this optimization problem was a result by Eldar et al. [Phys. Rev. A 69, 062318 (2004)], which provides non-operational necessary and sufficient conditions for a given measurement strategy to be optimal. These conditions are reconsidered and simplified in such a way that they become operational. The simplified conditions are the basis for further central results: It is shown that the optimal measurement strategy is unique, a statement that is e.g. of importance for the complexity analysis of optimal measurement devices. The optimal measurement strategy is derived for the case, where one of the possible input states has at most rank two, which was an open problem for many years. Furthermore, using the optimality criterion it is shown that there always exists a threshold probability for each state, such that below this probability it is optimal to exclude this state from the discrimination strategy. If the two states subject to discrimination can be brought to a diagonal structure with (2 x 2)-dimensional blocks, then the unambiguous discrimination of these states can be reduced to the unambiguous discrimination of pure states. A criterion is presented that allows to identify the presence of such a structure for two self-adjoint operators. This criterion consists of the evaluation of three commutators and allows an explicit construction of the (2 x 2)-dimensional blocks. As an important application of unambiguous state discrimination, unambiguous state comparison, i.e., the question whether two states are identical or not, is generalized and optimal measurements for this problem are constructed. If for a certain family of states, a physical device maps the input state to an output state, such that a second device can be built that yields back the original input state, such a map is called reversible on this family. With respect to state discrimination, such reversible maps are particularly interesting, if the output states are pure. A complete characterization of all families that allow such a reversible and purifying map is provided. If the states are mapped to pure states, but the map itself is not reversible, upper and lower bounds are analyzed for the ''deviation from perfect faithfulness'', a quantity which measures the deviation from a reversible mapping. (orig.)

Kleinmann, Matthias

2008-06-30

211

Discrimination of mixed quantum states. Reversible maps and unambiguous strategies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The discrimination of two mixed quantum states is a fundamental task in quantum state estimation and quantum information theory. In quantum state discrimination a quantum system is assumed to be in one of two possible - in general mixed - non-orthogonal quantum states. The discrimination then consists of a measurement strategy that allows to decide in which state the system was before the measurement. In unambiguous state discrimination the aim is to make this decision without errors, but it is allowed to give an inconclusive answer. Especially interesting are measurement strategies that minimize the probability of an inconclusive answer. A starting point for the analysis of this optimization problem was a result by Eldar et al. [Phys. Rev. A 69, 062318 (2004)], which provides non-operational necessary and sufficient conditions for a given measurement strategy to be optimal. These conditions are reconsidered and simplified in such a way that they become operational. The simplified conditions are the basis for further central results: It is shown that the optimal measurement strategy is unique, a statement that is e.g. of importance for the complexity analysis of optimal measurement devices. The optimal measurement strategy is derived for the case, where one of the possible input states has at most rank two, which was an open problem for many years. Furthermore, using the optimality criterion it is shown that there always exists a threshold probability for each state, such that below this probability it is optimal to exclude this state from the discrimination strategy. If the two states subject to discrimination can be brought to a diagonal structure with (2 x 2)-dimensional blocks, then the unambiguous discrimination of these states can be reduced to the unambiguous discrimination of pure states. A criterion is presented that allows to identify the presence of such a structure for two self-adjoint operators. This criterion consists of the evaluation of three commutators and allows an explicit construction of the (2 x 2)-dimensional blocks. As an important application of unambiguous state discrimination, unambiguous state comparison, i.e., the question whether two states are identical or not, is generalized and optimal measurements for this problem are constructed. If for a certain family of states, a physical device maps the input state to an output state, such that a second device can be built that yields back the original input state, such a map is called reversible on this family. With respect to state discrimination, such reversible maps are particularly interesting, if the output states are pure. A complete characterization of all families that allow such a reversible and purifying map is provided. If the states are mapped to pure states, but the map itself is not reversible, upper and lower bounds are analyzed for the ''deviation from perfect faithfulness'', a quantity which measures the deviation from a reversible mapping. (orig.)

2008-01-01

212

Comparison of the Structural, Relational and Proposition Accuracy Scoring Results of Concept Maps about Atom  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A concept map is a graphical representation of the relationships among concepts. It includes concepts, linking lines and phrases which describe the relationship between concepts. It is used in science education for several purposes. One of them is the use of concept mapping as an assessment tool. The current study reports the results of a research that has been compared three concept mapping scoring methods: structural method, relational method and proposition accuracy method. Subjects of this study were 10 prospective chemistry teachers (5 females and 4 males) who had taken the Special Instruction Methods Course in Chemistry at Education Faculty of Bal?kesir University during 2005-2006 academic year. The ANOVA statistical test for the comparison of the three means gave an F value equal to 36.139, with p <0.05, so there is statistically significant difference among the three scoring method’s means.

Canan NAK?BO?LU; Hilal ERTEM

2010-01-01

213

A Self-Study of the Use of Concept Mapping to Assess NOS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We undertook a self study to examine and develop our pedagogical content knowledge for teaching the nature of science. We explored two different uses of concept mapping to assess preservice teachers? ideas about the nature of science (NOS) in an elementary science methods course. The class was divided into two groups. Group 1 was provided with aspects of NOS as starter concepts for their maps, while Group 2 was asked to develop their own concepts related to “science”. We found that being given the NOS aspects constrained Group 1?s ability to expand the connection of the main concept with other related words. On the other hand, Group 2 had difficulty moving beyond brainstorming related concepts. Based on this, we suggest that these two methods for concept mapping can be best used for different assessment purposes and at different points in NOS instruction.

Dominike MERLE-JOHNSON; Nattida PROMYOD; Ya-Wen CHENG; Deborah HANUSCIN

2010-01-01

214

The Power and Benefits of Concept Mapping: Measuring Use, Usefulness, Ease of Use, and Satisfaction. Research Report  

Science.gov (United States)

|The power and benefits of concept mapping rest in four arenas: enabling shared understanding, the inclusion of affect, the balance of power, and client involvement. Concept mapping theory and research indicate concept maps (1) are appropriate tools to assist with communication, (2) are easy to use, and (3) are seen as beneficial by their users.…

Freeman, Lee A.; Jessup, Leonard M.

2004-01-01

215

The Power and Benefits of Concept Mapping: Measuring Use, Usefulness, Ease of Use, and Satisfaction. Research Report  

Science.gov (United States)

The power and benefits of concept mapping rest in four arenas: enabling shared understanding, the inclusion of affect, the balance of power, and client involvement. Concept mapping theory and research indicate concept maps (1) are appropriate tools to assist with communication, (2) are easy to use, and (3) are seen as beneficial by their users. An…

Freeman, Lee A.; Jessup, Leonard M.

2004-01-01

216

Concept Map Scoring: Empirical Support for a Truncated Joint Poisson and Conway-Maxwell-Poisson Distribution Method  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept map structure, testing, and scoring methods are discussed and a new scoring methodology is introduced using the breadth and depth of individual concept maps. The scoring method proposed here provides advantages of grading "on a curve" such as the ability to estimate and compare the complexity of different concept maps, the ability to…

Allen, Bradford D.

2006-01-01

217

Concept mapping. Does it improve critical thinking ability in practical nursing students?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Critical thinking is an essential skill taught at all levels of nursing education. This article reports on a study designed to determine if concept mapping is superior to traditional care planning as a teaching method for practical nursing students. Specifically, the study evaluated the effects of concept mapping as a teaching methodology on the development of critical thinking skills. A control group consisting of students taught through the traditional methodology was compared to two groups of students taught with concept mapping. Data were collected using the National League for Nursing Critical Thinking in Clinical Nursing Practice/PN Examination. Results indicated that students who were taught the nursing process using the traditional care planning method scored statistically significantly better on the examination than students taught with the concept mapping method.

Maneval RE; Filburn MJ; Deringer SO; Lum GD

2011-07-01

218

Utilization Practice of the Concept Mapping Program for Nuclear Engineer Training  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Knowledge is the most important factor in the safe and reliable operation of the NPP. Many methods are used to enhance the knowledge level of the personnel in the NPP. Generally, classroom lecture method is used for nuclear engineers. But this method has some pitfalls as an adult training method because students have already a lot of knowledge, so they want to participate actively in the learning process. KNPEI undertook a research project from March 2006 to September 2007 to capture the experience knowledge from senior staff and transfer it to junior staff. As part of the research activity KNPEI introduced a Concept Mapping Program and set up a Concept Mapping server to capture the experience knowledge of the senior staff. This Concept Mapping Program has some characteristics that can be used in learning about conceptual knowledge. The purpose of this report is to introduce the utilization method and practice at KNPEI for the nuclear engineer training using the Concept Mapping Program.

Kim, Bae Joo; Ko, Byung Moo; Heo, Yuk [Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2009-05-15

219

Mental health promotion: concepts and strategies for reaching the population.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

There have been many attempts to define mental health promotion. To date, there is no consensus in the field as to what it entails. While some understand it as a holistic concept including intervening at structural, societal and political levels to positively influence mental health, others conceptualise it basically as strategies with an individual focus to improve personal competencies. Many of these differences are related to the distinct understanding of the concepts of mental well-being and positive mental health. The lack of clarity on the boundaries of mental health promotion has divided professionals and is a missed opportunity, as momentum is moving mental health promotion on to political agendas. In Europe, two important milestones for mental health, the WHO Ministerial Conference and the EC Green Paper on Mental Health, have moved mental health promotion into the political landscape, recognising positive mental health and mental well-being as fundamental to the quality of life and productivity of Europeans and a contributor to sustainable development. Although proven efficacious, ad hoc implementation of mental health promotion programs alone is not sufficient to ensure improvement of the population's mental health. Co-ordinated action that includes efficient ways to deliver such interventions in a sustainable way is essential. Two such delivery mechanisms in the search for efficiency are discussed in this paper: a) identifying co-occurrence of mental and physical health problems in order to include mental health promotion components into existing health promotion interventions; and, b) supporting the inclusion of mental health indicators into sound public policy options in order to prove that efficacious policies in labour, education, environment, etc, also bring about positive mental health outcomes. To support the current interest to bring about positive mental health it is essential that evaluation of existing initiatives is put in place, as well as exploring more efficient ways for program delivery. Clearer concepts and understanding of mental health promotion's scope among practitioners would support the development of the field and the inclusion of mental health action across sectors.

Jané-Llopis E

2007-12-01

220

Using a concept map as a tool for strategic planning: The Healthy Brain Initiative.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Concept mapping is a tool to assist in strategic planning that allows planners to work through a sequence of phases to produce a conceptual framework. Although several studies describe how concept mapping is applied to various public health problems, the flexibility of the methods used in each phase of the process is often overlooked. If practitioners were more aware of the flexibility, more public health endeavors could benefit from using concept mapping as a tool for strategic planning. The objective of this article is to describe how the 6 concept-mapping phases originally outlined by William Trochim guided our strategic planning process and how we adjusted the specific methods in the first 2 phases to meet the specialized needs and requirements to create The Healthy Brain Initiative: A National Public Health Road Map to Maintaining Cognitive Health. In the first stage (phases 1 and 2 of concept mapping), we formed a steering committee, convened 4 work groups over a period of 3 months, and generated an initial set of 42 action items grounded in science. In the second stage (phases 3 and 4), we engaged stakeholders in sorting and rating the action items and constructed a series of concept maps. In the third and final stage (phases 5 and 6), we examined and refined the action items and generated a final concept map consisting of 44 action items. We then selected the top 10 action items, and in 2007, we published The Healthy Brain Initiative: A National Public Health Road Map to Maintaining Cognitive Health, which represents the strategic plan for The Healthy Brain Initiative.

Anderson LA; Day KL; Vandenberg AE

2011-09-01

 
 
 
 
221

Using a Concept Mapping Tool with a Photograph Association Technique (CoMPAT) to Elicit Children's Ideas about Microbial Activity  

Science.gov (United States)

|Concept mapping is a technique used to provide a visual representation of an individual's ideas about a concept or set of related concepts. This paper describes a concept mapping tool using a photograph association technique (CoMPAT) that is considered to be a novel way of eliciting children's ideas. What children at 11 years of age know about…

Byrne, Jenny; Grace, Marcus

2010-01-01

222

Using a concept mapping tool with a photograph association technique (CoMPAT) to elicit children's ideas about microbial activity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Concept mapping is a technique used to provide a visual representation of an individual's ideas about a concept or set of related concepts. This paper describes a concept mapping tool using a photograph association technique (CoMPAT) that is considered to be a novel way of eliciting children's idea...

Byrne, Jenny; Grace, Marcus

223

Using a Concept Mapping Tool with a Photograph Association Technique (CoMPAT) to Elicit Children's Ideas about Microbial Activity  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept mapping is a technique used to provide a visual representation of an individual's ideas about a concept or set of related concepts. This paper describes a concept mapping tool using a photograph association technique (CoMPAT) that is considered to be a novel way of eliciting children's ideas. What children at 11 years of age know about…

Byrne, Jenny; Grace, Marcus

2010-01-01

224

Using Concept Mapping to Build Concept the Competence of School Principals  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available More and more the competence concept of school principals have an impact on two conditions, namely: (1) to develop the concept can complement and support each other; and (2) to develop the concept of possible contradict, giving rise to different interpretations. Therefore, this becomes the main issue researchers to identify the competence concept of school principals with adaptation of Jackson-Trochim method that is capable of illustrating the concept of competencies. Results of adaptation Jackson-Trochim method that school principals should have three types of competencies to lead the school effectively and efficiently. Kind of competencies are such as school leadership, instructional leadership, and operational leadership. Based on these results, the adaptation of Jackson-Trochim method to build the competence concept of school principals suggests this concept obtained may serve as a reference for school principals continue to build competencies in the future

Mustamin Mustamin

2012-01-01

225

Quality and rigor of the concept mapping methodology: a pooled study analysis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The use of concept mapping in research and evaluation has expanded dramatically over the past 20 years. Researchers in academic, organizational, and community-based settings have applied concept mapping successfully without the benefit of systematic analyses across studies to identify the features of a methodologically sound study. Quantitative characteristics and estimates of quality and rigor that may guide for future studies are lacking. To address this gap, we conducted a pooled analysis of 69 concept mapping studies to describe characteristics across study phases, generate specific indicators of validity and reliability, and examine the relationship between select study characteristics and quality indicators. Individual study characteristics and estimates were pooled and quantitatively summarized, describing the distribution, variation and parameters for each. In addition, variation in the concept mapping data collection in relation to characteristics and estimates was examined. Overall, results suggest concept mapping yields strong internal representational validity and very strong sorting and rating reliability estimates. Validity and reliability were consistently high despite variation in participation and task completion percentages across data collection modes. The implications of these findings as a practical reference to assess the quality and rigor for future concept mapping studies are discussed.

Rosas SR; Kane M

2012-05-01

226

Discovering Concept Mappings by Similarity Propagation among Substructures  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept matching is important when heterogeneous data sources are to be merged for the purpose of knowledge sharing. It has many useful applications in areas such as schema matching, ontology matching, scientific knowledge management, e-commerce, enterprise application integration, etc. With the desire of knowledge sharing and reuse in these fields, merging commonly occurs among different organizations where the knowledge describing the same domain is to be matched. Due to the different naming conventions, granularity and the use of concepts in different contexts, a semantic approach to this problem is preferred in comparison to syntactic approach that performs matches based upon the labels only. We propose a concept matching method that initially does not consider labels when forming candidate matches, but rather utilizes structural information to take the context into account and detect complex matches. Real world knowledge representations (schemas) are used to evaluate the method.

Pan, Qi H.; Hadzic, Fedja; Dillon, Tharam S.

227

Pedagogical Knowledge Representation through Concept Mapping as a Study and Collaboration Tool in Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study explored (a) pre-service teachers' perceptions of using concept mapping (CM) in one of their pedagogical courses, (b) the predictive power of such implementation in course achievement, and (c) the role of prior experience with CM, type of mapping, and gender on their perceptions and performances in CM and achievement. The subjects were…

Koc, Mustafa

2012-01-01

228

The Evolution of a Collaborative Concept Mapping Activity for Undergraduate Microbiology Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept mapping activities were trialed over a 2 year period as part of an undergraduate microbiology course. This paper describes this developmental process and offers insight into the most beneficial ways of employing this tool in a higher education setting. The aim was to investigate the use of mapping activities to improve students'…

Kinchin, Ian M.; De-Leij, Frans A. A. M.; Hay, David B.

2005-01-01

229

Pedagogical Knowledge Representation through Concept Mapping as a Study and Collaboration Tool in Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored (a) pre-service teachers' perceptions of using concept mapping (CM) in one of their pedagogical courses, (b) the predictive power of such implementation in course achievement, and (c) the role of prior experience with CM, type of mapping, and gender on their perceptions and performances in CM and achievement. The subjects were…

Koc, Mustafa

2012-01-01

230

Learning for School Leadership: Using Concept Mapping to Explore Learning from Everyday Experience  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study explores concepts of learning used by leaders, focusing on learning for leadership through day-to-day workplace experiences. The participants were drawn from the senior management team within a school, the chair of governors of the school and the local authority school improvement advisor. Concept mapping was used as a participatory…

Pegg, Ann Elizabeth

2007-01-01

231

An Investigation of Concept Mapping to Improve the Reading Comprehension of Science Texts  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study investigated how well 74 6th-grade science students represented text structures from a 900-word textbook chapter on soil conservation, given a concept map template with four superordinate terms and 24 unsorted concepts. Findings suggest students were more successful at classifying pre-selected terms under given superordinate categories…

Oliver, Kevin

2009-01-01

232

Does Constructivist Approach Applicable through Concept Maps to Achieve Meaningful Learning in Science?  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study deals with the application of constructivist approach through individual and cooperative modes of spider and hierarchical concept maps to achieve meaningful learning on science concepts (e.g. acids, bases & salts, physical and chemical changes). The main research questions were: Q (1): is there any difference in individual and…

Jena, Ananta Kumar

2012-01-01

233

The Effects of Hypermedia Knowledge and Learning Style on the Construction of Group Concept Maps.  

Science.gov (United States)

Analyzes students' visual renderings of concepts related to the term "hypermedia" to determine whether groups, membership of which was based on a mixture of learning styles or a mixture of hypermedia knowledge, constructed concept maps that differed in terms of several factors. Learning style seemed to explain the types of interactions more than…

Reed, W. Michael; Oughton, John M.

1998-01-01

234

Learning for School Leadership: Using Concept Mapping to Explore Learning from Everyday Experience  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores concepts of learning used by leaders, focusing on learning for leadership through day-to-day workplace experiences. The participants were drawn from the senior management team within a school, the chair of governors of the school and the local authority school improvement advisor. Concept mapping was used as a participatory…

Pegg, Ann Elizabeth

2007-01-01

235

An Investigation of Concept Mapping to Improve the Reading Comprehension of Science Texts  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated how well 74 6th-grade science students represented text structures from a 900-word textbook chapter on soil conservation, given a concept map template with four superordinate terms and 24 unsorted concepts. Findings suggest students were more successful at classifying pre-selected terms under given superordinate categories…

Oliver, Kevin

2009-01-01

236

A Study of the Relationship between English Self-concept and Language Learning Strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study concentrated on the relationship between self-concept and language learning strategies. Participants of the study were 157 students from one University in Shandong, China. Quantitative data was collected through two questionnaires. The first one was the revised Chinese version of self-concept scale modified by Pan (2003) from Marsh’s (1992) SQDII. Another inventory based on Oxford’ classification system of learning strategies (SILL) was used to assess learner’s strategy use. By the reliability analysis, it was found that all these coefficients were significantly high, and the two questionnaires were reliable respectively. Based on the detailed analysis of data, some major findings through statistical analysis of SPSS 13.0 were summarized as follows. First of all, the subjects’ English self-concept was medium, and the subjects’ English pronunciation self-concept was better than their general English self-concept and English speaking self-concept. Second, gender had no significant effects on the general English self-concept and English speaking self-concept. Finally, in terms of the relationship between English self-concept and language learning strategies, by Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regressions, it was concluded that general English self-concept, English speaking self-concept and English pronunciation self-concept had the highest correlation level with the cognitive strategy, and English pronunciation self-concept had the weakest correlation level with the memory strategy and compensatory strategy. The findings of the study imply that there are some pedagogical implications for English learning and teaching. At the same time, teachers should attach importance to enhancing students’ English self-concept level in training their language learning strategies.

Mingmei Du

2012-01-01

237

Does the mind map learning strategy facilitate information retrieval and critical thinking in medical students?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background A learning strategy underutilized in medical education is mind mapping. Mind maps are multi-sensory tools that may help medical students organize, integrate, and retain information. Recent work suggests that using mind mapping as a note-taking strategy facilitate...

D'Antoni Anthony V; Zipp Genevieve; Olson Valerie G; Cahill Terrence F

238

Cross-Cultural Concept Mapping of Standardized Datasets  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This work compares four feature-based similarity measures derived from cognitive sciences. The purpose of the comparative analysis is to verify the potentially most effective model that can be applied for mapping independent ontologies in a culturally influenced domain [1]. Here, datasets based on standardized pre-defined feature dimensions and values, which are obtainable from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) have been used for the comparative analysis of the similarity measures.

Kano Glückstad, Fumiko

2012-01-01

239

Use of concept mapping in an undergraduate introductory exercise physiology course.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Physiology is often considered a challenging course for students. It is up to teachers to structure courses and create learning opportunities that will increase the chance of student success. In an undergraduate exercise physiology course, concept maps are assigned to help students actively process and organize information into manageable and meaningful chunks and to teach them to recognize the patterns and regularities of physiology. Students are first introduced to concept mapping with a commonly relatable nonphysiology concept and are then assigned a series of maps that become more and more complex. Students map the acute response to a drop in blood pressure, the causes of the acute increase in stroke volume during cardiorespiratory exercise, and the factors contributing to an increase in maximal O(2) consumption with cardiorespiratory endurance training. In the process, students draw the integrative nature of physiology, identify causal relationships, and learn about general models and core principles of physiology.

Henige K

2012-09-01

240

Concepts and strategies for management of nuclear wastes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Three modes of reactor strategies are chosen and discussed; (1) Once-through type light water reactor, (2) U-Pu cycle light water reactor, and (3) U-Pu cycle fast breeder reactor. The arising of wastes in each mode of nuclear fuel cycle is first estimated for unit nuclear power generation of 1 GWe.year and the amount of wastes to be managed in each year is then calculated. Assuming the 2nd and the 3rd reprocessing plants are not operative, the decrease of waste arising is also estimated, which, nevertheless, claims the need for spent fuel storage pools. In addition, the arisings of decommissioning wastes are evaluated to identify their effect on waste management. Based on above fact, a generic logic of waste management is brought about, placing major emphasis on volume reduction, barrier- and decay-effects. According to the characteristics, the wastes arisen at each stage of nuclear fuel cycle can be categorized into (1) extremely low-level waste, (2) low- and intermediate-level waste, (3) alpha-waste and (4) high-level waste, and the suitable isolation periods for the specified categories can be set by the aid of hazard index, suggesting that the disposal options may possibly be selected. The waste disposal gives environmental impacts through dispersion and migration of contained nuclides into biosphere; the dispersion and migration paths are investigated and a mathematical expression to evaluate the impacts as dose commitment is presented. A multi-barrier concept is proposed since combined artificial and natural barriers have possibility of lengthening the migration path to enable safe disposal. Finally, items of research/development in waste management are represented from the viewpoints of (1) establishment of management system, (2) safety assessment covering verification of technology and system, and (3) regulation, giving recommendations for national policy making as well as for international co-operation. (JPN)

1979-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Use of concept mapping as a facilitative tool to promote learning in pharmacology.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether students find concept mapping a useful learning methodology to conceptualize and organize topics studied in CNS module of Pharmacology; and to evaluate whether addition of concept mapping assignment could help to improve examination scores. STUDY DESIGN: An analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: College of Dentistry, Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan, from March to May 2009. METHODOLOGY: A class of 50 BDS students was recruited for the study. Two randomly selected groups of 12 students each, prepared concept maps in topics from CNS pharmacology which were displayed and discussed during tutorial sessions. The other two groups (n = 25) following the traditional teaching methodology, served as controls. Scores from best choice questions and short essay questions were compared between the investigational and control groups using the student's t-test with significance at p < 0.05. Feedback obtained after completion of the study was evaluated as percent response. RESULTS: One-best-choice test of the control group showed a mean grade of 57.1 ± 16.7 vs. test group mean of 58.8 ± 13. For the short essay questions, control group obtained a mean of 52.3 ± 18.8 vs. test group mean grade of 53.8 ± 22.5. Both results were not significantly different (p > 0.05). However, feedback about concept mapping showed that the technique helped the students to conceptualize difficult topics in CNS pharmacology (86.36%). Concept mapping was particularly beneficial in preparing for exams as it provided a quick overview of the entire subject (68.68%). CONCLUSION: Students found concept mapping as a useful pedagogical tool which could potentially be used to acquire meaningful learning in Pharmacology as a supplement to traditional teaching techniques. It was not found beneficial in improving examination grades probably because standard examinations and concept mapping measure different cognitive domains.

Qadir F; Zehra T; Khan I

2011-08-01

242

Utilization of Concept Mapping Program at the Root Cause Analysis of Events  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] KHNP introduced the Corrective Action Program (CAP) as a part of the nuclear operation innovation. The Key program of the CAP is the Root Cause Analysis (RCA) program. The RCA is a technique to extract root causes and take actions to prevent a recurrence in the event that management doesn't want it to happen again. KHNP establishes a temporary team for RCA of some event. KHNP should assign some human resources to the temporary team. KNPEI introduced a RCA training program from Comanche Peak Steam Electric Station in 2005 and began training the engineers from 2006. But the RCA Program doesn't operate well at the stations because of two reasons. KNPEI performed a research project from March 2006 to September 2007 to capture experience knowledge from seniors and transfer it to juniors. As part of the research activity KNPEI introduced a Concept Mapping Program and set up a Concept Mapping server to capture experience knowledge. Originally, the Concept Mapping Program was to teach conceptual knowledge by remote. But this Concept Mapping Program has some characteristics that can be used in root causes analysis. The purpose of this report is to suggest the utilization method in root causes analysis in the Concept Mapping

2006-03-00

243

Generating Intelligent Teaching-Learning Systems using Concept Maps and Case-Based Reasoning.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The use of pedagogical methods with the technologies of the information and communications produce a new quality that favors the task of generating, transmitting and sharing knowledge. Such is the case of the pedagogical effect that produces the use of the Concept Maps, which constitute a tool for the management of knowledge, an aid to personalize the learning process, to exchange knowledge, and to learn how to learn. Concept Mapping provides a framework for making this internal knowledge explicit in a visual form that can easily beexamined and shared. However, it does not address how relevant Concept Maps can be retr ieved or adapted to new problems. Case-Based Reasoning is playing an increasing role in knowledge retrieval and reuse for corporate memories, and its capabilities are appealing to augment the concept mapping process. In this paper the authors present a new approach to elaborate Intelligent Teaching-Learning Systems, where the techniques of Concept Maps and Artificial Intelligence are combined, using the Case-Based Reasoning as theoretical framework for the Student Model. The proposed model has been implemented in the computational system HESEI, which has been successfully applied in the teaching-learning process by laymen in the Computer Science field.

Maikel L. Espinosa; Natalia Martínez S.; Zenaida García V.

2007-01-01

244

A Semi-automatic Semantic Method for Mapping SNOMED CT Concepts to VCM Icons.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

VCM (Visualization of Concept in Medicine) is an iconic language for representing key medical concepts by icons. However, the use of this language with reference terminologies, such as SNOMED CT, will require the mapping of its icons to the terms of these terminologies. Here, we present and evaluate a semi-automatic semantic method for the mapping of SNOMED CT concepts to VCM icons. Both SNOMED CT and VCM are compositional in nature; SNOMED CT is expressed in description logic and VCM semantics are formalized in an OWL ontology. The proposed method involves the manual mapping of a limited number of underlying concepts from the VCM ontology, followed by automatic generation of the rest of the mapping. We applied this method to the clinical findings of the SNOMED CT CORE subset, and 100 randomly-selected mappings were evaluated by three experts. The results obtained were promising, with 82 of the SNOMED CT concepts correctly linked to VCM icons according to the experts. Most of the errors were easy to fix.

Lamy JB; Tsopra R; Venot A; Duclos C

2013-01-01

245

Utilization of Concept Mapping Program at the Root Cause Analysis of Events  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

KHNP introduced the Corrective Action Program (CAP) as a part of the nuclear operation innovation. The Key program of the CAP is the Root Cause Analysis (RCA) program. The RCA is a technique to extract root causes and take actions to prevent a recurrence in the event that management doesn't want it to happen again. KHNP establishes a temporary team for RCA of some event. KHNP should assign some human resources to the temporary team. KNPEI introduced a RCA training program from Comanche Peak Steam Electric Station in 2005 and began training the engineers from 2006. But the RCA Program doesn't operate well at the stations because of two reasons. KNPEI performed a research project from March 2006 to September 2007 to capture experience knowledge from seniors and transfer it to juniors. As part of the research activity KNPEI introduced a Concept Mapping Program and set up a Concept Mapping server to capture experience knowledge. Originally, the Concept Mapping Program was to teach conceptual knowledge by remote. But this Concept Mapping Program has some characteristics that can be used in root causes analysis. The purpose of this report is to suggest the utilization method in root causes analysis in the Concept Mapping.

Kim, Bae-Joo; Kim, Gwang-Bong [Nuclear Power Education Institute, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

2008-05-15

246

A Semi-automatic Semantic Method for Mapping SNOMED CT Concepts to VCM Icons.  

Science.gov (United States)

VCM (Visualization of Concept in Medicine) is an iconic language for representing key medical concepts by icons. However, the use of this language with reference terminologies, such as SNOMED CT, will require the mapping of its icons to the terms of these terminologies. Here, we present and evaluate a semi-automatic semantic method for the mapping of SNOMED CT concepts to VCM icons. Both SNOMED CT and VCM are compositional in nature; SNOMED CT is expressed in description logic and VCM semantics are formalized in an OWL ontology. The proposed method involves the manual mapping of a limited number of underlying concepts from the VCM ontology, followed by automatic generation of the rest of the mapping. We applied this method to the clinical findings of the SNOMED CT CORE subset, and 100 randomly-selected mappings were evaluated by three experts. The results obtained were promising, with 82 of the SNOMED CT concepts correctly linked to VCM icons according to the experts. Most of the errors were easy to fix. PMID:23920512

Lamy, Jean-Baptiste; Tsopra, Rosy; Venot, Alain; Duclos, Catherine

2013-01-01

247

The Knowledge Arena: a learning environment that underpins concept mapping. Ray  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper uses a theoretical framework for concept mapping as an instance ofa learning environment - The Knowledge Arena, (McAleese, 1994, 1998a,1998b) and examines it against an existing framework for active learning (RichEnvironments for Active Learning (REAL), Grabinger, Dunlap & Duffield, (1998)The aim of the paper is to better understand environments for learning. Adjunctsto study and learning are becoming increasingly important in preparing learnersfor formal and informal education opportunities. The "concept map" or "mindmap" (e.g. Novak & Gowin, 1984; Buzan, 1993i) is a ubiquitous tool that hasbeen used in computer-based applications (Fisher et al, 1990) and paper andpencil applications. While there is a significant literature on its use andmethodology, there has been no coherent explanation of the concept map as aninteractive dynamic adjunct to learning. The paper argues that there are bothStrong and Weak comparisons between the elements of the Knowledge Aren...

Ray Mcaleese; Scott Grabinger; Kathleen Fisher

248

Evaluating a Concept Mapping Training Programme by 10 and 13 year-old students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The PISA 2000 study found large differences between countries in terms of quality of learning. In somecountries, students prefer rote learning to meaningful learning. However, such memorisation of thematerial does not lead to recallable and usable knowledge in the long run. Ausubel's (1968) wellknowntheory serves as a basis for several techniques of meaningful learning, including conceptmapping, which emphasises the visual organization of comprehended information. The present studyreports the results of an experiment using concept mapping for deepening students’ understandingof teaching materials. It focuses on definitions frequently used in science and Hungarian grammarlessons. Results indicate that concept mapping training programmes can improve participants’achievement. Experiences show that the technique of concept mapping is frequently unfamiliar tostudents. More time would be needed for practising and using it in different learning situations.

Anita HABÓK

2012-01-01

249

Nursing care plans versus concept maps in the enhancement of critical thinking skills in nursing students enrolled in a baccalaureate nursing program.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Appropriate and effective critical thinking and problem solving is necessary for all nurses in order to make complex decisions that improve patient outcomes, safety, and quality of nursing care. With the current emphasis on quality improvement, critical thinking ability is a noteworthy concern within the nursing profession. An in-depth review of literature related to critical thinking was performed. The use of nursing care plans and concept mapping to improve critical thinking skills was among the recommendations identified. This study compares the use of nursing care plans and concept mapping as a teaching strategy for the enhancement of critical thinking skills in baccalaureate level nursing students. The California Critical Thinking Skills Test was used as a method of comparison and evaluation. Results indicate that concept mapping enhances critical thinking skills in baccalaureate nursing students.

Sinatra-Wilhelm T

2012-01-01

250

Nursing care plans versus concept maps in the enhancement of critical thinking skills in nursing students enrolled in a baccalaureate nursing program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Appropriate and effective critical thinking and problem solving is necessary for all nurses in order to make complex decisions that improve patient outcomes, safety, and quality of nursing care. With the current emphasis on quality improvement, critical thinking ability is a noteworthy concern within the nursing profession. An in-depth review of literature related to critical thinking was performed. The use of nursing care plans and concept mapping to improve critical thinking skills was among the recommendations identified. This study compares the use of nursing care plans and concept mapping as a teaching strategy for the enhancement of critical thinking skills in baccalaureate level nursing students. The California Critical Thinking Skills Test was used as a method of comparison and evaluation. Results indicate that concept mapping enhances critical thinking skills in baccalaureate nursing students. PMID:22856062

Sinatra-Wilhelm, Tina

2012-01-01

251

The Effect of Concept Map Using on Student Success in The Teaching of Biology II Subjects Presented in Science Teacher Programme  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study, the effects of concept maps on meaningful learning of science 2.grade students to 8 biological topics presented in Biology II course has been comparatively investigated with classical method. For this purpose 140 students have been divided into two groups (70 control and 70 experimental) and the subjects have been explained with classical method in control group and concept maps have been prepared in experimental group. Before and after the application, both groups received pre-test and post–test. The data were evaluated using by SPSS 11.5 statistical program. And success relations between samplings were determined using by t-test analyzing.According to data, it has been observed that the experimental group were more successful than control group (t=6,48, p< 0.001). It suggests that Concept maps can be used as teaching strategy in some difficult biology subjects.

Tohit GÜNE?; M. Handan GÜNE?; Dilek ÇEL?KLER

2006-01-01

252

Student Connections of Linear Algebra Concepts: An Analysis of Concept Maps  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the connections of linear algebra concepts in a first course at the undergraduate level. The theoretical underpinnings of this study are grounded in the constructivist perspective (including social constructivism), Vernaud's theory of conceptual fields and Pirie and Kieren's model for the growth of mathematical understanding.…

Lapp, Douglas A.; Nyman, Melvin A.; Berry, John S.

2010-01-01

253

Mapping strategies: Chromosome 16 workshop. Final technical report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The following topics from a workshop on chromosome 16 are briefly discussed: genetic map of chromosome 16; chromosome breakpoint map of chromosome 16; integrated physical/genetic map of chromosome 16; pulsed field map of the 16p13.2--p13.3 region (3 sheets); and a report of the HGM10 chromosome 16 committee.

1989-12-31

254

Concept mapping and the fundamental problem of moving between knowledge structures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A concept map provides a ?snap shot? of a student?s understanding that is frozen in time by drawing it out on paper or on a computer screen. However, to represent the dynamic state of student learning, concept maps either need to emphasise dynamism (through the phrases that are chosen to act as links within the propositions that form the map), or need to be viewed as a single perspective on a more complex situation that can only be fully appreciated by considering movement between knowledge structures (e.g. through sequential mapping over time, or by indicating relationships between map structures that represent complementary learning contexts). The recognition of the importance of movement between knowledge structures needs careful management, whether teaching is conducted as a face-to-face activity or (increasingly) as a digital/online activity. Existing models of e-learning development (such as the TPACK model) can be modified to accommodate a multiple perspectives view. When the purpose of teaching is the promotion of students? ability to move between knowledge structures (rather than acquiring a single structure), the purpose of producing a concept map changes and becomes part of a wider dynamic process of learning, rather than providing a static record of what has already been learnt.

Ian M. Kinchin

2012-01-01

255

Complexity Results and Approximation Strategies for MAP Explanations  

CERN Multimedia

MAP is the problem of finding a most probable instantiation of a set of variables given evidence. MAP has always been perceived to be significantly harder than the related problems of computing the probability of a variable instantiation Pr, or the problem of computing the most probable explanation (MPE). This paper investigates the complexity of MAP in Bayesian networks. Specifically, we show that MAP is complete for NP^PP and provide further negative complexity results for algorithms based on variable elimination. We also show that MAP remains hard even when MPE and Pr become easy. For example, we show that MAP is NP-complete when the networks are restricted to polytrees, and even then can not be effectively approximated. Given the difficulty of computing MAP exactly, and the difficulty of approximating MAP while providing useful guarantees on the resulting approximation, we investigate best effort approximations. We introduce a generic MAP approximation framework. We provide two instantiations of the frame...

Darwiche, A; 10.1613/jair.1236

2011-01-01

256

ADDRESSING WATER FOOTPRINT CONCEPT: A DEMONSTRABLE STRATEGY FOR PAPERMAKING INDUSTRY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since the introduction of the water footprint concept in 2002, in the context of humankind’s ever-increasing awareness of the valuable global freshwater resources, it has received more and more attention. The application of this relatively new concept has been expected to provide ecological and environmental benefits. For the water-intensive papermaking industry, it seems that water footprint needs to be addressed. The water footprint of cellulosic paper can be divided into three components, including its green water footprint, blue water footprint, and grey water footprint, which may be accounted for by considering the individual contributions of wood or non-wood materials, pulp production processes, effluent discharge to the receiving water bodies, process chemicals and additives, energy consumption, etc. In the literature, the accounting of water footprint during the whole production chain of cellulosic paper is already available, and relevant research findings can provide useful insights into the application of the concept; however, further development of the accounting methodologies is much needed, so that the quantitative and qualitative evaluation of water footprint can be internationally recognized, certified, and standardized. Although there are ongoing or upcoming debates and challenges associated with the concept, its application to papermaking industry may be expected to provide various encouraging possibilities and impacts.

Jing Shen,; Xueren Qian

2012-01-01

257

Flood Map Modernization: Program Strategy Shows Promise, but Challenges Remain.  

Science.gov (United States)

Flood maps identify areas at greatest risk of flooding and provide the foundation for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) managed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The maps are used by (1) communities to establish minimum building...

2004-01-01

258

A concept mapping study of nutritional knowledge in diabetic children and their parents : detailled version  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objectives of this research are to describe the organization of knowledge and its evolution following education sessions in 5 diabetic children and their mothers, and to evaluate the similarities and differences between children and their mothers. 10 concept maps were realized for children and t...

Marchand, Claire; Crozet, Cyril; Martin, Delphine; Robert, Jean-Jacques; D'Ivernois, Jean-François; Gagnayre, Rémi

259

The Use of Concept Mapping for Scale Development and Validation in Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

|Evaluators often make key decisions about what content to include when designing new scales. However, without clear conceptual grounding, there is a risk these decisions may compromise the scale's validity. Techniques such as concept mapping are available to evaluators for the specification of conceptual frameworks, but have not been used as a…

Rosas, Scott R.; Camphausen, Lauren C.

2007-01-01

260

Using Concept Mapping for Assessing and Promoting Relational Conceptual Change in Science  

Science.gov (United States)

|In this article, we adopted the relational conceptual change as our theoretical framework to accommodate current views of conceptual change such as ontological beliefs, epistemological commitment, and social/affective contexts commonly mentioned in the literature. We used a specific concept mapping format and process--digraphs and digraphing--as…

Liu, Xiufeng

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Equity and health policy in Africa: Using concept mapping in Moore (Burkina Faso)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background This methodological article is based on a health policy research project conducted in Burkina Faso (West Africa). Concept mapping (CM) was used as a research method to understand the local views of equity among stakeholders, who were concerned by the health polic...

Ridde Valéry

262

The Impact on Incorporating Collaborative Concept Mapping with Coteaching Techniques in Elementary Science Classes  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this research was to evaluate a collaborative concept-mapping technique that was integrated into coteaching in fourth-grade science classes in order to examine students' performance and attitudes toward the experimental teaching method. There are two fourth-grade science teachers and four classes with a total of 114 students…

Jang, Syh-Jong

2010-01-01

263

Evaluating the Pedagogical Impact of a Virtual World Using Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

|A virtual world was created in an effort to supplement the study of the novel "The Natural Daughter". The educational impact of the virtual world experience on college students of English Literature was assessed using concept mapping as a measure of conceptual change. While conceptual change was evident, the origin of the growth was found to be…

MacKinnon, Gregory; Saklofske, Jon

2011-01-01

264

Using a concept mapping software as a knowledge construction tool in a graduate online course  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Stemming from a twenty-month pedagogical experience using a concept mapping software for higher education students in an online course, this paper reports findings from what became an exploratory study. The objectives were to support the students' knowledge construction process and to stimulate meta...

Basque, Josianne; Pudelko, Béatrice

265

Use of Concept Mapping in an Undergraduate Introductory Exercise Physiology Course  

Science.gov (United States)

|Physiology is often considered a challenging course for students. It is up to teachers to structure courses and create learning opportunities that will increase the chance of student success. In an undergraduate exercise physiology course, concept maps are assigned to help students actively process and organize information into manageable and…

Henige, Kim

2012-01-01

266

Using concept mapping for needs analysis for a social support system in learning network  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nadeem, D., Stoyanov, S., & Koper, R. (2011). Using concept mapping for needs analysis for a social support system in learning network. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 5(1), 41-45. Available on: http://online-journals.org/i-jim/issue/view/102 , This paper describes the needs a...

Nadeem, Danish; Stoyanov, Slavi; Koper, Rob

267

WWC Quick Review of "Retrieval Practice Produces More Learning than Elaborative Studying with Concept Mapping"  

Science.gov (United States)

|The study examined whether using the retrieval-practice studying technique--in which students alternate between reading a passage and writing memorable information from that passage--improved student learning of a science passage more than the study-once, repeated-study, or concept-mapping techniques. The study found that students using the…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2011

2011-01-01

268

The Effect of Concept Mapping on Students' Learning Achievements and Interests  

Science.gov (United States)

|The study described in this paper has examined whether concept mapping can be used to help students to improve their learning achievement and interests. The participants were 124 students from two classes enrolled in an advanced accounting course at the School of Management of a university in Taiwan. The experimental data revealed two important…

Chiou, Chei-Chang

2008-01-01

269

Utilization Practice of the Concept Mapping Program for Nuclear Engineer Training  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Knowledge is the most important factor in the safe and reliable operation of the NPP. Many methods are used to enhance the knowledge level of the personnel in the NPP. Generally, classroom lecture method is used for nuclear engineers. But this method has some pitfalls as an adult training method because students have already a lot of knowledge, so they want to participate actively in the learning process. KNPEI undertook a research project from March 2006 to September 2007 to capture the experience knowledge from senior staff and transfer it to junior staff. As part of the research activity KNPEI introduced a Concept Mapping Program and set up a Concept Mapping server to capture the experience knowledge of the senior staff. This Concept Mapping Program has some characteristics that can be used in learning about conceptual knowledge. The purpose of this report is to introduce the utilization method and practice at KNPEI for the nuclear engineer training using the Concept Mapping Program

2009-01-01

270

The Effects of Concept Mapping on Students' Achievements in Language Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

|The main purpose of this study has been to compare the concept mapping with the traditional instruction method in consideration of student's achievements in English course. The students who took "English" class in 9th grade at Balakgazi High School in 2005-2006 attended this study. An experimental group and a control group consisting of 23…

Tumen, Secil; Taspinar, Mehmet

2007-01-01

271

Using Concept Mapping for Needs Analysis for a Social Support System in Learning Network  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes the needs analysis of tool for connecting people in a Learning Network using Group Concept Mapping method. We conducted an empirical study to identify the most relevant features of such a tool. There were 11 experts from 7 different countries with technical and non-technical bac...

Danish Nadeem; Slavi Stoyanov; Rob Koper

272

Implementation of Concept Mapping to Novices: Reasons for Errors, a Matter of Technique or Content?  

Science.gov (United States)

|Concept mapping is discussed as a means to promote meaningful learning and in particular progress in reading comprehension skills. Its increasing implementation necessitates the acquisition of adequate knowledge about frequent errors in order to make available an effective introduction to the new learning method. To analyse causes of errors, 283…

Conradty, Catherine; Bogner, Franz X.

2010-01-01

273

Concept Mapping in Science Class: A Case Study of Fifth Grade Students  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this research project was to determine the effects of incorporating concept mapping on the achievement of fifth grade students in science class. The study was conducted with twenty-three students at Ata Elementary School, Trabzon, Turkey. The students were tested with teacher-constructed pre- and post tests containing 20…

Asan, Askin

2007-01-01

274

Ideographic Concept Mapping in Counseling Psychology Research: Conceptual Overview, Methodology, and an Illustration  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article provides an overview of the research approach called concept mapping at conceptual, methodological, and practical levels. The relevance of the approach to counseling psychology research is discussed, and the approach is located conceptually in the realm of qualitative methods available to counseling psychology researchers. To…

Goodyear, Rodney K.; Tracey, Terence J. G.; Claiborn, Charles D.; Lichtenberg, James W.; Wampold, Bruce E.

2005-01-01

275

Using Concept Mapping To Aid African American Students' Understanding in Middle Grade Science.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Examined the effectiveness of concept mapping on the science achievement of African American middle grades science students distributed into eight different classes by ability level. Results of this quasi, non-randomized, control-treatment group, pretest-posttest study found no significant overall effects of treatment on science achievement.…

Snead, Donald; Young, Barbara

2003-01-01

276

Concept Mapping Assessment of Media Assisted Learning in Interdisciplinary Science Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|Acquisition of conceptual knowledge is a central aim in science education. In this study we monitored an interdisciplinary hypermedia assisted learning unit on hibernation and thermodynamics based on cooperative learning. We used concept mapping for the assessment, applying a pre-test/post-test design. In our study, 106 9th graders cooperated by…

Schaal, Steffen; Bogner, Franz X.; Girwidz, Raimund

2010-01-01

277

Evolution of the Conceptions of a Secondary Education Biology Teacher: Longitudinal Analysis Using Cognitive Maps  

Science.gov (United States)

|We describe a longitudinal study of a secondary education biology teacher at two moments in her career (1993-2002), determining the changes in her conceptions of the nature of science and its teaching and learning, and the factors that favored or hindered such changes. The changes were analyzed using cognitive maps, constructed on the basis of…

Da-Silva, Consuelo; Mellado, Vicente; Ruiz, Constantino; Porlan, Rafael

2007-01-01

278

Use of Bibliographic Systems and Concept Maps: Innovative Tools to Complete a Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents a process for utilizing a bibliographic system built with Microsoft Excel as well as concept maps to organize and to synthesize information that can be included in a literature review. A review of the conceptual framework behind these tools is included as well as a detailed description about how to build the system in Excel.…

Martelo, Maira L.

2011-01-01

279

Traumatizing Aspects of Providing Counselling in Community Agencies to Survivors of Sexual Violence: A Concept Map  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept mapping (a combined qualitative/quantitative approach) was used to clarify and understand 72 Canadian professionals' experience of what they found to be traumatizing about their work with sexual violence survivors in community settings. A sample of 30 professionals providing community-based treatment to survivors of sexual violence sorted…

Kadambi, Michaela A.; Truscott, Derek

2008-01-01

280

Using Concept Mapping for Assessing and Promoting Relational Conceptual Change in Science  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, we adopted the relational conceptual change as our theoretical framework to accommodate current views of conceptual change such as ontological beliefs, epistemological commitment, and social/affective contexts commonly mentioned in the literature. We used a specific concept mapping format and process--digraphs and digraphing--as…

Liu, Xiufeng

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Implementation of Concept Mapping to Novices: Reasons for Errors, a Matter of Technique or Content?  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept mapping is discussed as a means to promote meaningful learning and in particular progress in reading comprehension skills. Its increasing implementation necessitates the acquisition of adequate knowledge about frequent errors in order to make available an effective introduction to the new learning method. To analyse causes of errors, 283…

Conradty, Catherine; Bogner, Franz X.

2010-01-01

282

The Effect of Concept Mapping on Students' Learning Achievements and Interests  

Science.gov (United States)

The study described in this paper has examined whether concept mapping can be used to help students to improve their learning achievement and interests. The participants were 124 students from two classes enrolled in an advanced accounting course at the School of Management of a university in Taiwan. The experimental data revealed two important…

Chiou, Chei-Chang

2008-01-01

283

The Effects of Concept Mapping on Students' Achievements in Language Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

The main purpose of this study has been to compare the concept mapping with the traditional instruction method in consideration of student's achievements in English course. The students who took "English" class in 9th grade at Balakgazi High School in 2005-2006 attended this study. An experimental group and a control group consisting of 23 members…

Tumen, Secil; Taspinar, Mehmet

2007-01-01

284

The Impact on Incorporating Collaborative Concept Mapping with Coteaching Techniques in Elementary Science Classes  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research was to evaluate a collaborative concept-mapping technique that was integrated into coteaching in fourth-grade science classes in order to examine students' performance and attitudes toward the experimental teaching method. There are two fourth-grade science teachers and four classes with a total of 114 students…

Jang, Syh-Jong

2010-01-01

285

Concept Mapping in Science Class: A Case Study of Fifth Grade Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research project was to determine the effects of incorporating concept mapping on the achievement of fifth grade students in science class. The study was conducted with twenty-three students at Ata Elementary School, Trabzon, Turkey. The students were tested with teacher-constructed pre- and post tests containing 20…

Asan, Askin

2007-01-01

286

The Use of Concept Mapping for Scale Development and Validation in Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

Evaluators often make key decisions about what content to include when designing new scales. However, without clear conceptual grounding, there is a risk these decisions may compromise the scale's validity. Techniques such as concept mapping are available to evaluators for the specification of conceptual frameworks, but have not been used as a…

Rosas, Scott R.; Camphausen, Lauren C.

2007-01-01

287

Using Concept Mapping To Aid African American Students' Understanding in Middle Grade Science.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined the effectiveness of concept mapping on the science achievement of African American middle grades science students distributed into eight different classes by ability level. Results of this quasi, non-randomized, control-treatment group, pretest-posttest study found no significant overall effects of treatment on science achievement. There…

Snead, Donald; Young, Barbara

2003-01-01

288

WWC Quick Review of "Retrieval Practice Produces More Learning than Elaborative Studying with Concept Mapping"  

Science.gov (United States)

The study examined whether using the retrieval-practice studying technique--in which students alternate between reading a passage and writing memorable information from that passage--improved student learning of a science passage more than the study-once, repeated-study, or concept-mapping techniques. The study found that students using the…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2011

2011-01-01

289

Use of Concept Mapping in an Undergraduate Introductory Exercise Physiology Course  

Science.gov (United States)

Physiology is often considered a challenging course for students. It is up to teachers to structure courses and create learning opportunities that will increase the chance of student success. In an undergraduate exercise physiology course, concept maps are assigned to help students actively process and organize information into manageable and…

Henige, Kim

2012-01-01

290

Ideographic Concept Mapping in Counseling Psychology Research: Conceptual Overview, Methodology, and an Illustration  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides an overview of the research approach called concept mapping at conceptual, methodological, and practical levels. The relevance of the approach to counseling psychology research is discussed, and the approach is located conceptually in the realm of qualitative methods available to counseling psychology researchers. To…

Goodyear, Rodney K.; Tracey, Terence J. G.; Claiborn, Charles D.; Lichtenberg, James W.; Wampold, Bruce E.

2005-01-01

291

Evaluating the Pedagogical Impact of a Virtual World Using Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

A virtual world was created in an effort to supplement the study of the novel "The Natural Daughter". The educational impact of the virtual world experience on college students of English Literature was assessed using concept mapping as a measure of conceptual change. While conceptual change was evident, the origin of the growth was found to be…

MacKinnon, Gregory; Saklofske, Jon

2011-01-01

292

Concept Mapping Assessment of Media Assisted Learning in Interdisciplinary Science Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Acquisition of conceptual knowledge is a central aim in science education. In this study we monitored an interdisciplinary hypermedia assisted learning unit on hibernation and thermodynamics based on cooperative learning. We used concept mapping for the assessment, applying a pre-test/post-test design. In our study, 106 9th graders cooperated by…

Schaal, Steffen; Bogner, Franz X.; Girwidz, Raimund

2010-01-01

293

Facilitating Malaysian Student Teachers' Understanding of the Biology Syllabus through Concept Mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the outcome of an exercise carried out with one hundred undergraduate student teachers (preservice teachers) enrolled in a Biology Teaching Methods course, a third year course in a four-year Teacher Education Programme. The students, working in groups of three to four, were assigned to construct a concept map showing their…

Ali, Maznah; Ismail, Zurida

2005-01-01

294

The use of concept maps to detect and correct concept errors (mistakes)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This work proposes to detect and correct concept errors (EECC) to obtain Meaningful Learning (AS). The Conductive Model does not respond to the demand of meaningful learning that implies gathering thought, feeling and action to lead students up to both compromise and responsibility. In order to respond to the society competition about knowledge and information it is necessary to change the way of teaching and learning (from conductive model to constructive model). In this context it is important not only to learn meaningfully but also to create knowledge so as to developed dissertive, creative and critical thought, and the EECC are and obstacle to cope with this. This study tries to get ride of EECC in order to get meaningful learning. For this, it is essential to elaborate a Teaching Module (MI). This teaching Module implies the treatment of concept errors by a teacher able to change the dynamic of the group in the classroom. This M.I. was used among sixth grade primary school and first grade secondary school in some state assisted schools in the North of Argentina (Tucumán and Jujuy). After evaluation, the results showed great and positive changes among the experimental groups taking into account the attitude and the academic results. Meaningful Learning was shown through pupil?s creativity, expressions and also their ability of putting this into practice into everyday life.

Ladislada del Puy Molina Azcárate

2013-01-01

295

Thinking Maps: Research-Based Instructional Strategy in a PDS  

Science.gov (United States)

An exploratory action research case study was conducted at Moanalua Middle School from 2006-2009 to examine the impact of Thinking Maps on student achievement. Thinking Maps are not just another set of graphic organizers but a set of eight of unique visual mind maps with each linked to a specific higher-order thinking pattern. This study tells the…

Kessler, Cristy; Zuercher, Deborah K.; Wong, Caroline S.

2013-01-01

296

Competence Development in the Workplace: Concepts, Strategies and Effects  

Science.gov (United States)

In spite of the expectations that exist regarding efforts to develop competence and in spite of the large amounts of resources devoted to it, there is a marked lack of empirically-based research on competence development in companies and other organizations. The purpose of this article is to present a review of research on strategies for…

Ellstrom, Per-Erik; Kock, Henrik

2008-01-01

297

Competence Development in the Workplace: Concepts, Strategies and Effects  

Science.gov (United States)

|In spite of the expectations that exist regarding efforts to develop competence and in spite of the large amounts of resources devoted to it, there is a marked lack of empirically-based research on competence development in companies and other organizations. The purpose of this article is to present a review of research on strategies for…

Ellstrom, Per-Erik; Kock, Henrik

2008-01-01

298

Relationships between students' conceptions of constructivist learning and their regulation and processing strategies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study investigated relationships between students' conceptions of constructivist learning on the one hand, and their regulation and processing strategies on the other hand. Students in a constructivist, problem-based learning curriculum were questioned about their conceptions of knowledg...

Loyens, S.M.M.; Rikers, R.M.J.P.; Schmidt, H.G.

299

A structured strategy of concept definition in measurement: the case of 'sensitivity'  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper emphasizes the importance that fundamental concepts in measurement science are defined according to a structured strategy, which provides both a general, qualitative characterization and a specific, type-related, quantitative definition. As a significant case, the concept 'sensitivity' is discussed and a definition for it proposed.

Mari, Luca; Mencattini, Arianna

2013-09-01

300

Concept Mapping to Assess Learning and Understanding of Complexity in Courses on Global Climate Change  

Science.gov (United States)

The complex nature of climate change science poses special challenges for educators wishing to broaden and deepen student understanding of the climate system and its sensitivity to and impacts upon human activity. Learners have prior knowledge that may limit their perception and processing of the multiple relationships between processes (e.g., feedbacks) that arise in global change science, and these existing mental models serve as the scaffold for all future learning. Because adoption of complex scientific concepts is not likely if instruction includes presentation of information or concepts that are not compatible with the learners’ prior knowledge, providing effective instruction on this complex topic requires learning opportunities that are anchored upon an evaluation of the limitations and inaccuracies of the learners’ existing understandings of the climate system. The formative evaluation that serves as the basis for planning such instruction can also be useful as a baseline against which to evaluate subsequent learning. We will present concept-mapping activities that we have used to assess students’ knowledge and understanding about global climate change in courses that utilized multiple assessment methods including presentations, writings, discussions, and concept maps. The courses in which these activities were completed use a variety of instructional approaches (including standard lectures and lab assignments and a mock summit) to help students understand the inherently interdisciplinary topic of global climate change, its interwoven human and natural causes, and the connections it has with society through a complex range of political, social, technological and economic factors. Two instances of concept map assessment will be presented: one focused on evaluating student understanding of the major components of the climate system and their interconnections, and the other focused on student understanding of the connections between climate change and the global food system. We will discuss how concept mapping can be used to demonstrate evidence of learning and conceptual change, and also how it can be used to provide information about gaps in knowledge and misconceptions students have about the topic.

Rebich-Hespanha, S.; Gautier, C.

2010-12-01

 
 
 
 
301

Strategy Mapping for Learning Organizations Building Agility into Your Balanced Scorecard  

CERN Multimedia

For anyone involved in strategy and performance, Strategy Mapping for Learning Organizations is a detailed guide to developing, rolling out and managing strategy. It incorporates the latest strategic thinking on strategy maps and modern balanced scorecards. Illustrated by examples from both commercial and not for profit organizations, it explains the underlying thinking and techniques that help organizations to manage with greater flexibility and agility. Applying even the basic techniques in this book will move your balanced scorecard from an operational tool, to one of strategy and change. M

Jones, Phil

2011-01-01

302

The theory underlying concept maps and how to construct and use them  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This text presents the origin of the concept map tool and some of the early history in the development of this tool. Some of the ideas from Ausubel’s (1963; 1968) assimilation theory of cognitive learning that served as a foundation for concept mapping are presented, including the important role that assimilating new concepts and propositions into a learner’s existing cognitive framework plays in meaning making. Epistemological foundations are also presented including the idea that creative production of new knowledge can be seen as a very high level of meaningful learning, and concept mapping can facilitate the process. The wide range of tools available in free CmapTools software and some applications are illustrated, including application for facilitating meaningful learning, better curriculum development, capturing and archiving tacit and explicit expert knowledge, and enhancing creative production. Using CmapTools, WWW resources, and other digital resources provide for a powerful New Model for Education leading to the creation of individual knowledge portfolios that can document significant learning and serve as a foundation for future related learning. CmapTools also provides extensive support for collaboration, publishing and sharing of knowledge models.

Joseph D. Novak; Alberto J. Cañas

2010-01-01

303

Osteodensitometry and osteoporosis. Current concepts and strategies for the future  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The osteoporosis is a disease of universal distribution that affects millions of adults in the whole world, producing a high number of fractures, due to insufficiency that generates a significant morbidity and mortality. This condition is especially frequent in post menopause women. Some concepts about the bone structure, and the principal characteristics of the different methods to quantify the bone mass (conventional radiology, radiogrametry, photo densitometry, single photon absorbitometry, dual photon absorbitometry are reviewed. Finally, the advantages, disadvantages, levels of sensibility, precision, of the different techniques are established. An emphasis is made on the special capacity of the quantitative computed axial tomography to detect as a selective way the alterations of the spongiest bone.

1991-01-01

304

The Use Of Concept Maps In The Teaching Of Introductory Chemistry In Engineering Schools  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Engineering can be considered as a broaddiscipline that embraces knowledge and training in science,mathematics, business and management, social science andcomputer technology. A wide range of skills can be definedas necessary to an actual engineer. Among them, technicalknowledge skills and intellectual skills play a very importantrole. The teaching of science subjects must contribute todevelop both, knowledge skills, including basic concepts,laws, theories and principles of the science, and intellectualskills, such as logical thinking, problem solving and design.A good understanding of a technical subject need not onlythe knowledge of the different concepts, but also the relationamong them as a way to obtain a suitable meaning of thoseconcepts. In this way, concept maps, as knowledgerepresentation schemes in which the concepts that form thebody of the thematic unit are organised in a structureaccording to different levels of abstraction an inclusion, canplay a very important role. In this paper we described theuse of concept maps as a tool for enhance the learning ofbasin principles of chemistry and the acquisition of someintellectual skills.

Jos Antonio Cascales; Enrique Solano

305

Attitudes to concept maps as a teaching/learning activity in undergraduate health professional education: influence of preferred learning style.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Concept maps that integrate and relate concepts in a nonlinear fashion are widely accepted as an educational tool that can underpin meaningful learning in medical education. However, student take-up may be affected by a number of cognitive and non-cognitive influences. In the present study, student attitudes to pre-prepared concept maps introduced in Stage 2 conjoint MPharm and BSc Pharmacology lectures were examined in relation to preferred learning styles according to the Felder-Silverman model. There was no statistically significant influence of dichotomous learning style dimension (sensing/intuitive; visual/verbal; active/reflector; sequential/global) on the self-reported utility of such concept maps to learning. However, when strength of preference was analysed within each dimension, moderate/strong verbal learners were found to be significantly less likely to self-report concept maps as useful relative to mild verbal learners. With this important exception, these data now suggest that student attitudes to concept maps are broadly not influenced by preferred learning styles and furthermore highlight the potential of concept maps to address a variety of different learning styles and thereby facilitate 'teaching to all types'. Concept maps could therefore potentially assist motivation, engagement and deep learning in medical and biomedical science education when used as a supplement to more traditional teaching/learning activities.

Laight DW

2004-05-01

306

Retrieval practice produces more learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Educators rely heavily on learning activities that encourage elaborative studying, whereas activities that require students to practice retrieving and reconstructing knowledge are used less frequently. Here, we show that practicing retrieval produces greater gains in meaningful learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping. The advantage of retrieval practice generalized across texts identical to those commonly found in science education. The advantage of retrieval practice was observed with test questions that assessed comprehension and required students to make inferences. The advantage of retrieval practice occurred even when the criterial test involved creating concept maps. Our findings support the theory that retrieval practice enhances learning by retrieval-specific mechanisms rather than by elaborative study processes. Retrieval practice is an effective tool to promote conceptual learning about science.

Karpicke JD; Blunt JR

2011-02-01

307

Novel Translational Research Concepts and Strategies in Radiation Oncology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The discovery of X-rays by Roentgen in 1895 and the discovery of radiations emitted from Uranium compounds by Becquerel led to the establishment of the field of Radiation Sciences. When Radiation Sciences utilized the knowledge in the field of Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Medicine, newer fields were established such as Radiation -Oncology, -Chemistry, -Biology, -Protection, - Physics, Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. Fields of Radiation Oncology and Radiation Biology have gained significant strides by embracing the modern concepts in molecular biology and physics of imaging. To discuss the recent trends and advances in these fields, Indian Society for Radiation Biology organized an “International Conference on Radiation Biology and Translational Research in Radiation Oncology (ICRB-TRRO)” in Jaipur, India during November 10-12, 2008. The primary theme of this international meeting was to focus on the translational research perspectives in radiation oncology using radiation biology findings as a reservoir of ideas. The second major theme was to focus on research initiatives and recent perspectives in radiation protection. A common dynamic theme constantly interacted with the primary and secondary themes was an influx of extensive discussion on the scientific utility and validity of novel agents obtained from different traditional systems of Indian medicine and herbal plant extracts that can be potent radio-sensitizers as well as potent radio-protectors (as countermeasure agents). Overall, four major thrust areas of the conference such as Radiation-induced signaling networks, novel therapeutics for cancer,radiation-induced DNA damage-repair and novel imaging methods provided new insights and directions that had set roads to advancements in radiation biology.

Seema Gupta; P. K. Goyal; Mansoor M. Ahmed

2009-01-01

308

General strategy, clay based disposal concepts and integration (GSI)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This session gathers 20 articles (posters) dealing with: the assessment of backfill materials and methods for deposition tunnels; HTV-1: a semi technical scale testing of a multi-layer hydraulic shaft sealing system; the development of water content adjust method by mixing powdered-ice and chilled bentonite: application to the construction of bentonite engineered barriers by shot-clay method; repository design issues related to the thermal impact induced by heat emitting radioactive waste; pillared clays, using Romanian montmorillonite; the simulation of differential settlements of clay based engineered barrier systems in a geo-centrifuge; the critical issues regarding clay behaviour in the KBS-3H repository design; an alternative buffer material experiment; assessing the performance of a swelling clay tunnel seal and issues identified in the course of its operation; the activation of a Ca-bentonite as buffer material; a large diameter borehole type repository in the clays for radioactive waste long term storage; the erosion of backfill materials during the installation phase; the behaviour of the clay cover of a site for very low level nuclear waste: field flexion tests; the laboratory tests made on three different backfill candidates for the Swedish KBS- 3V concept; the engineering geological clay research for radioactive waste repository in Slovakia; the ESDRED project, module 1 - Design, fabrication, assembly, handling and packaging of buffer rings; the laboratory experiments on the sealing ability of bentonite pellets; the screening of bentonite resources for use as an engineered barrier component in deep geologic repositories; the assessment of the radionuclide release from the near-field environment of a spent nuclear fuel geological repository; and the emplacement tests with granular bentonite.

Keto, P.; Gunnarsson, G.; Johannesson, L.E.; Hansen, J.; Emmerich, K.; Kemper, G.; Nuesch, R.; Schuhmann, R.; Koniger, F.; Schlager, St.; Gruner, M.; Hofmann, M.; Nuesch, R.; Kobayashi, I.; Toida, M.; Sasakura, T.; Bernier, F.; Li, X.L.; Ileana Denisa, Nistor; Neculai, DoruMiron; Tudor, Sajin; Abdelkrim, Azzouz; Ilie, Siminiceanu; Viswanadham, B.V.S.; Rajesh, S.; Sengupta, S.S.; Panturu, E.; Radulescu, R.; Jinescu, C.; Panturu Razvann, Ioan; Autio, J.; Sanden, T.; Borgesson, L.; Svensson, D.; Eng, A.; Sellin, P.; Dixon, D.A.; Martino, J.B.; Vignal, B.; Fujita, T.; Wei-Hsing, Huang; Wen-Chuan, Chen; Shu-Rong, Yang; Dmitriev, S.; Prozorov, L.; Litinsky, Y.; Tkachenko, A.; Guskov, A.; Sanden, T.; Borgesson, L.; Camp, S.; Gourc, J.P.; Ple, O.; Kaelin, J.L.; Marchiol, A.; Round, C.; Johannesson, L.E.; Nilsson, U.; Adamcova, R.; Frankovska, J.; Durmekova, T.; Haasova, Z.; Gatabin, C.; Guyot, J.L.; Resnikow, S.; Karnland, O.; Nilsson, U.; Weber, H.; Wersin, P.; Gray, M.N.; Dixon, D.A.; Poulesquen, A.; Radwan, J.; Poinssot, C.; Ferry, C.; Weber, H.P.; Plotze, M

2007-07-01

309

Towards quality criteria for regional public health reporting: concept mapping with Dutch experts.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, municipal health assessments are carried out by 28 Regional Health Services, serving 418 municipalities. In the absence of guidelines, regional public health reports were developed in two pilot regions on the basis of the model and experience of national health reporting. Though they were well received and positively evaluated, it was not clear which specific characteristics determined 'good public health reporting'. Therefore, this study was set up to develop a theoretical framework for the quality of regional public health reporting in The Netherlands. METHODS: Using concept mapping as a standardized tool for conceptualization, 35 relevant reporting experts formulated short statements in two different brainstorming sessions, describing specific quality criteria of regional public health reports. After the removal of duplicates, the list was supplemented with international criteria, and the statements were sent to each participant for rating and sorting. The results were processed statistically and represented graphically. The output was discussed and interpreted, leading to the final concept map. RESULTS: The final concept map consisted of 97 criteria, grouped into 13 clusters, and plotted in two dimensions: a 'product' dimension, ranging from 'production' to 'content', and a 'context' dimension, ranging from 'science' to 'policy'. The three most important clusters were: (i) 'solution orientation', (ii) 'policy relevance' and (iii) 'policy impact'. CONCLUSION: This study provided a theoretical framework for the quality of regional public health reporting, indicating relevant domains and criteria. Further work should translate domains and criteria into operational indicators for evaluating regional public health reports.

van Bon-Martens MJ; Achterberg PW; van de Goor IA; van Oers HA

2012-06-01

310

Developing Concrete Research Proposals and Facilitating Self-Directed Learning via Concept Mapping  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Self-direction in learning and writing viable research proposals are considered by higher education institutions as essential skills for graduate students to start their careers as researchers. This is an evidence-based practice study focuses on the use of concept mapping to facilitate self-directed learning and enhance research proposal writing in teacher education. An action mixed methods research design was used in this study with quantitative and qualitative data. Participants were 29 graduate students who were enrolled in a core course aimed to provide learners with an in-depth understanding of research methods. All students, at the beginning of the course, were asked to write a research proposal and complete the Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale (SDLRS). They then were given training in the use of concept mapping technique throughout the course to develop research proposals. Students’ scores prior to and after the intervention were compared. Results indicate that students developed significantly more concrete research proposals, and displayed higher scores at post-intervention assessment. Findings of this study value and support the use of concept mapping to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the knowledge of their area of study as they reflect on every element of their proposals.

Keetam D. F. Alkahtani

2013-01-01

311

Measuring outcomes in Parkinson's disease: a multi-perspective concept mapping study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To identify and develop a conceptual map of prioritized areas and to determine their relative importance for outcome measurement in clinical Parkinson's disease (PD) trials, from the perspectives of health care professionals and people with PD. METHOD: We used concept mapping, a qualitative/quantitative method consisting of three steps: item generation through focus groups (n = 27; 12 people with PD, 12 health care professionals, 3 researchers), item sorting and rating (n = 38; 19 people with PD, 19 health care professionals), and data analysis (multidimensional scaling, cluster analysis). RESULTS: Ninety-nine items and eight clusters were generated. Clusters representing Participation; Mobility and motor functioning; Cognitive and executive functioning; and Emotions were the most homogenous. Statements within clusters representing Energy and abilities; Autonomic dysfunctions; Sensory, speech and swallowing problems; and Neuropsychiatric symptoms also related to statements outside their respective clusters. Clusters rated most important were Participation and Mobility and motor functioning, and the highest rated items were quality of life, walking ability, and sleeping problems. CONCLUSION: By the use of concept mapping, a multi-perspective conceptual map of prioritized aspects for the outcome measurement in PD was defined. These findings provide an initial conceptual basis toward improved outcome measurement priorities in clinical PD trials.

Sjödahl Hammarlund C; Nilsson MH; Hagell P

2012-04-01

312

Students' perception of a modified form of PBL using concept mapping.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Problem-based learning (PBL) and concept mapping have been shown to promote active and meaningful learning. AIM: To design a method of PBL that includes concept mapping and examine students' perceptions of this form of PBL. METHODS: We designed a 5-phase method of PBL which produced three clearly identifiable mapping phases that reflected the learning activities during the tutorial: (1) the initial understanding of the clinical problem, (2) students' prior knowledge of the problem, (3) the final understanding of the problem following self-directed study. The process of developing the second and third phases of the map involved the students answering questions that they generated on two occasions to give the entire process a 5-phase approach. Each student was exposed to both methods of PBL: a conventional 7-step method (Maastricht type) and the modified PBL (5-phase) method. We used a questionnaire to evaluate the students' perceptions of the two methods in four learning domains. RESULT: The students' ratings for the 5-phase method were significantly higher than for the 7-step method (paired t-test) on all items on the questionnaire. CONCLUSION: The students perceived the 5-phase method as promoting their passion for learning, and developing their cognitive, metacognitive and interpersonal skills.

Addae JI; Wilson JI; Carrington C

2012-01-01

313

Exploring Concept Map and Its Role As Knowledge Assessment Tool (2009-2012)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was carried out to explore and analyze Concept Map (CM) and its role as knowledge assessment tool in the educational setups (traditional, e-learning and m-learning). A CM is a two dimensional graph based visual diagram which includes many concepts and relationships among the concepts in a hierarchical manner, which helps the user to organize knowledge and to accommodate to different learning styles. This report provides a broad understanding of CM and research & development activities that took place during the period chosen for this study. Further to this, the findings are discussed briefly to provide a better insight of the field and suggest directions for future research.

Kumar R, Sarukesi K, Uma G V

2013-01-01

314

Constructing a strategy map for banking institutions with key performance indicators of the balanced scorecard.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study presents a structural evaluation methodology to link key performance indicators (KPIs) into a strategy map of the balanced scorecard (BSC) for banking institutions. Corresponding with the four BSC perspectives (finance, customer, internal business process, and learning and growth), the most important evaluation indicators of banking performance are synthesized from the relevant literature and screened by a committee of experts. The Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) method, a multiple criteria analysis tool, is then employed to determine the causal relationships between the KPIs, to identify the critical central and influential factors, and to establish a visualized strategy map with logical links to improve banking performance. An empirical application is provided as an example. According to the expert evaluations, the three most essential KPIs for banking performance are customer satisfaction, sales performance, and customer retention rate. The DEMATEL results demonstrate a clear road map to assist management in prioritizing the performance indicators and in focusing attention on the strategy-related activities of the crucial indicators. According to the constructed strategy map, management could better invest limited resources in the areas that need improvement most. Although these strategy maps of the BSC are not universal, the research results show that the presented approach is an objective and feasible way to construct strategy maps more justifiably. The proposed framework can be applicable to institutions in other industries as well.

Wu HY

2012-08-01

315

Random-clone strategy for genomic restriction mapping in yeast  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An approach to global restriction mapping is described that is applicable to any complex source DNA. By analyzing a single restriction digest for each member of a redundant set of lambda clones, a data base in constructed that contains fragment-size lists for all the clones. The clones are then grouped into subsets, each member of which is related to at least one other member by a significant overlap. Finally, a tree-searching algorithm seeks restriction maps that are consistent with the fragment-size lists for all the clones in each subset. The feasibility of the approach has been demonstrated by collecting data on 5000 lambda clones containing random 15-kilobase inserts of yeast DNA. It is shown that these data can be analyzed to produce regional maps of the yeast genome, extending in some cases for over 100 kilobases. In combination with hybridization probes to previously cloned genes, these local maps are already useful for defining the physical arrangement of closely linked genes. They may in the future serve as building blocks for the construction of a continuous global map.

Olson, M.V.; Dutchik, J.E.; Graham, M.Y.; Brodeur, G.M.; Helms, C.; Frank, M.; MacCollin, M.; Scheinman, R.; Frank, T.

1986-10-01

316

The Role of IQ in the Use of Cognitive Strategies to Learn Information from a Map  

Science.gov (United States)

The role of IQ in individual differences in real-life problem solving and strategies use was explored. Repeated trials of learning and recall of information from a map were analyzed with high IQ and average IQ Korean students. IQ correlated with the selection and use of strategies in recall. However, the performance and strategic behaviors of…

Cho, Seokhee

2010-01-01

317

Quality-guided phase unwrapping technique: comparison of quality maps and guiding strategies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Quality-guided phase unwrapping is a widely used technique with different quality definitions and guiding strategies reported. It is thus necessary to do a detailed comparison of these approaches to choose the optimal quality map and guiding strategy. For quality maps, in the presence of noise, transform-based methods are found to be the best choice. However in the presence of discontinuities, phase unwrapping is itself unresolved and hence quality-guided phase unwrapping is not sufficient. For guiding strategies, classical, two-section, and stack-chain guiding strategies are chosen for comparison. If accuracy is the foremost criterion then the classical guiding strategy with a data structure of indexed interwoven linked list is best. If speed is of essence then the stack-chain guiding strategy is the one to use. PMID:22108879

Zhao, Ming; Huang, Lei; Zhang, Qican; Su, Xianyu; Asundi, Anand; Kemao, Qian

2011-11-20

318

Quality-guided phase unwrapping technique: comparison of quality maps and guiding strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Quality-guided phase unwrapping is a widely used technique with different quality definitions and guiding strategies reported. It is thus necessary to do a detailed comparison of these approaches to choose the optimal quality map and guiding strategy. For quality maps, in the presence of noise, transform-based methods are found to be the best choice. However in the presence of discontinuities, phase unwrapping is itself unresolved and hence quality-guided phase unwrapping is not sufficient. For guiding strategies, classical, two-section, and stack-chain guiding strategies are chosen for comparison. If accuracy is the foremost criterion then the classical guiding strategy with a data structure of indexed interwoven linked list is best. If speed is of essence then the stack-chain guiding strategy is the one to use.

Zhao M; Huang L; Zhang Q; Su X; Asundi A; Kemao Q

2011-11-01

319

Use of concept mapping to explore the influence of food security on food buying practices.  

Science.gov (United States)

Paradoxically, individuals with food insecurity have been observed to have higher rates of obesity compared with their counterparts with food security. The factors influencing food purchasing behaviors in households with food security vs food insecurity are poorly understood. Using the mixed methods approach of concept mapping, we examined the perceptions and preferences driving the food purchasing behaviors of households with food security vs food insecurity. Twenty-six men and women with food security and 41 men and women with food insecurity from four neighborhoods in Boston, MA, completed the concept mapping process during 2010. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was greater among participants with food insecurity (80.5%) compared with those with food security (61.5%). Participants identified 163 unique factors that influenced their food purchasing behavior. Using multivariate analyses, these factors were grouped into eight unique concepts or clusters that reflected their perceptions of factors hindering healthy eating. Average cluster ratings were similar between participants with food security and food insecurity, suggesting that similar food purchasing behaviors are employed and are perceived similarly in how they hinder or promote healthy eating. The use of emergency food assistance programs may play a role in minimizing the burden of food insecurity while providing access to foods with varying degrees of nutritional quality that may be associated with increased risk of overweight and obesity observed in individuals and households with food insecurity. PMID:22709776

Walker, Renee E; Kawachi, Ichiro

2012-04-25

320

Use of concept mapping to explore the influence of food security on food buying practices.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Paradoxically, individuals with food insecurity have been observed to have higher rates of obesity compared with their counterparts with food security. The factors influencing food purchasing behaviors in households with food security vs food insecurity are poorly understood. Using the mixed methods approach of concept mapping, we examined the perceptions and preferences driving the food purchasing behaviors of households with food security vs food insecurity. Twenty-six men and women with food security and 41 men and women with food insecurity from four neighborhoods in Boston, MA, completed the concept mapping process during 2010. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was greater among participants with food insecurity (80.5%) compared with those with food security (61.5%). Participants identified 163 unique factors that influenced their food purchasing behavior. Using multivariate analyses, these factors were grouped into eight unique concepts or clusters that reflected their perceptions of factors hindering healthy eating. Average cluster ratings were similar between participants with food security and food insecurity, suggesting that similar food purchasing behaviors are employed and are perceived similarly in how they hinder or promote healthy eating. The use of emergency food assistance programs may play a role in minimizing the burden of food insecurity while providing access to foods with varying degrees of nutritional quality that may be associated with increased risk of overweight and obesity observed in individuals and households with food insecurity.

Walker RE; Kawachi I

2012-05-01

 
 
 
 
321

What is strategy? The concept and model for its application in the Czech security strategy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article conceptually explains the notion of strategy. Drawing on its understanding by well-established authorities like Carl von Clausewitz, Basil Liddel Hart, André Beaufre, or Colin Gray, the authors discuss strengths and weaknesses of various views. Furthermore, the article employs Arthur Lykke’s definition of strategy to demonstrate various conceptual requirements. Strategy is thus perceived as the relationship among means, ends, and ways. Crucial implications for a development of the Czech strategic documents are further examined. The article argues that, the vital importance of coherent interconnection of all the afore-mentioned parts of the strategy has been so far neglected in this process. It is suggested that particular attention should be paid to the clear formulation of a goal, which is the prerequisite for any meaningful strategy. However, any goals must be developed with the close relation to the available or potentially attainable resources, and purposeful ways how to employ them. The whole process is best described as the hermeneutic circle.

Jan Ludvík; Lud?k Moravec

2011-01-01

322

Academic Self-Concept and Learning Strategies: Direction of Effect on Student Academic Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the prediction of academic self-concept (English and Mathematics) and learning strategies (deep and surface), and their direction of effect, on academic achievement (English and Mathematics) of 8,354 students from 16 secondary schools in Hong Kong. Two competing models were tested to ascertain the direction of effect: Model A…

McInerney, Dennis M.; Cheng, Rebecca Wing-yi; Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching; Lam, Amy Kwok Hap

2012-01-01

323

A Study of the Relationship between English Self-concept and Language Learning Strategies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study concentrated on the relationship between self-concept and language learning strategies. Participants of the study were 157 students from one University in Shandong, China. Quantitative data was collected through two questionnaires. The first one was the revised Chinese version of s...

Mingmei Du

324

Strategic political postures and political market orientation : Towards an integrated concept of political marketing strategy  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Recently, the areas of strategic political marketing and political market orientation have been the subject of several conceptual articles which have provided the theoretical foundations for further empirical work. However, despite the close conceptual relatedness of the proposed concepts, these have yet to be integrated to provide a more nuanced framework which both researchers and political marketing practitioners can utilise in the development of strategies and offerings with which to achieve their organizational goals. The aim of this conceptual paper is to address this deficit by developing an integrated concept of political marketing strategy using two complementary frameworks, namely Strategic Political Postures (SPP) and Political Market Orientation (PMO). We introduce the two main concepts and derive for each of the strategic posture-specific PMO profiles as well as inter-construct relationships.

Ormrod, Robert P.; Henneberg, Stephan C.

2010-01-01

325

Tracking the stages of learning: concept maps as representations of liminal space  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The concept of liminal space has recently been applied to ways of learning: the learning journey through this space encounters difficulties and misunderstandings, that are resolved as knowledge is mastered. Since 1992 the MirandaNet Fellowship, a growing international community of educators, has investigated the ways in which this relates to the collaborative learning in the liminal space of the Internet. These professionals have explored social networking, microblogging, digital mind mapping, distributed video and other innovative technologies to determine how they can be deployed through grassroots collaboration to build the theory and practice of new professional knowledge. The use of collaborative digital mind maps affords tools for the analysis of the stages and development of collaborative learning. From these shared liminal spaces beyond the screen provocative questions emerge about the relationship between learning, collaboration and innovation.

John Cuthell; Christina Preston

2012-01-01

326

Mapas conceptuales: Una estrategia para el aprendizaje Conceptual maps: A learning strategy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se planteó la construcción y uso de mapas conceptuales como una estrategia para el aprendizaje significativo a partir de las ideas y teoría de D. Ausubel. Este instrumento creado por J. Novak para guiar a los estudiantes en la representación del conocimiento, organización de los materiales de aprendizaje o para encontrar los procedimientos a seguir en la resolución de problemas, entre otros aspectos, es la principal herramienta metodológica de esta teoría. Ellos tienen 3 elementos fundamentales: concepto, proposición y palabras de enlace y se caracterizan por la jerarquización de los conceptos, constituyendo una herramienta eficaz para el desarrollo científico de los estudiantes. Se describieron las formas de representación, pasos, método didáctico y tecnologías para su construcción, concluyendo que constituyen un método eficaz en el desarrollo de habilidades cognoscitivas y deductivas y puede ser empleado en la solución de problemas de manera creativa y autónoma.Design and use of conceptual maps was proposed as a significative learning strategy from D. Ausubel ideas and theory. This tool of J. Novak, designed for guidance of students in knowledge representation, organization of learning material, or to find procedures to ensue in solution of problems, amongst other thing, it the main methodological tool of this theory. Have three essential elements: concept, proposal, and link words, and are characterized by concepts hierarchization, being an efficacious tool for student scientific development. Authors described representation ways, steps, didactic method, and technologies for its creation. It is conclude that it is efficacious method in development of cognitive and deducible abilities, and also that it may be used in problem solution in a creative and autonomous way.

María Vidal Ledo; Niurka Vialart Vidal; Daynes Ríos Vialart

2007-01-01

327

Using a concept mapping tool with a photograph association technique (CoMPAT) to elicit children’s ideas about microbial activity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Concept mapping is a technique used to provide a visual representation of an individual’s ideas about a concept or set of related concepts. This paper describes a concept mapping tool using a photograph association technique (CoMPAT) that is considered to be a novel way of elicitin...

328

Use of Concept Mapping to Enhance and Update an Educational CD ROM About Mars  

Science.gov (United States)

Last year, the Center for Mars Exploration (CMEX) at NASA Ames Research Center issued its 'Return to Mars 1997' educational CD ROM. This CD, produced under the guidance of Dr. Geoffrey Briggs, summarized the on-going exploration of Mars and consisted of six sub-topics: (1) Life on Mars?; (2) Mars, The Red Planet; (3) Human Exploration; (4) Robotic Missions; (5) Atlas and Image Processing; and (6) Links for Teachers. Although the CD contained a wealth of information, its format does not allow ready retrieval of information on a specific topic or concept. CMEX is working with Dr. Alberto Canas and colleagues at the University of West Florida to improve the CD's user interface through the use of concept mapping.

Metzger, Ellen P.

1998-10-01

329

The concept of psychological regression: metaphors, mapping, Queen Square, and Tavistock Square.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The term "regression" refers to events in which an individual changes from his or her present level of maturity and regains mental and behavioral characteristics shown at an earlier point in development. This definition has remained constant for over a century, but the implications of the concept have changed systematically from a perspective in which regression was considered pathological, to a current view in which regression may be seen as a positive step in psychotherapy or as a part of normal development. The concept of regression, famously employed by Sigmund Freud and others in his circle, derived from ideas suggested by Herbert Spencer and by John Hughlings Jackson. By the 1940s and '50s, the regression concept was applied by Winnicott and others in treatment of disturbed children and in adult psychotherapy. In addition, behavioral regression came to be seen as a part of a normal developmental trajectory, with a focus on expectable variability. The present article examines historical changes in the regression concept in terms of mapping to biomedical or other metaphors, in terms of a movement from earlier nativism toward an increased environmentalism in psychology, and with respect to other historical factors such as wartime events. The role of dominant metaphors in shifting perspectives on regression is described.

Mercer J

2011-05-01

330

Modeling Business Strategy: A meta-model of Strategy Maps and Balanced Scorecards  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Business strategy is aimed to support the vision of an enterprise, by paving the way to achieve it through goals that direct the strategy's execution. However, there is a lack of means to establish and assess the alignment of business strategy and goal oriented requirements engineering. The obj...

Giannoulis, Constantinos; Petit, Michaël; Zdravkovic, Jelena

331

Using Author Bylines and Concept Maps to Illustrate the Connectedness of Scientists  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Incorporating reading and discussing primary articles in undergraduate courses has been shown to enhance students’ learning, stimulate their interests in science, and retain them as science majors.  While instructors diligently coach students to scrutinize every section in an article thoroughly and critically, the author byline is often overlooked.  In this study, the author bylines of primary articles were used to illustrate the connectedness of scientists and the collaborative nature of science.  First year college students first learned how to construct a concept map and used concept maps to connect 14 scientists with 14 primary articles that these scientists authored.  In doing so, students visualized and understood science as human activity and science progresses as a community effort.  Pre- and post-activity questionnaires were used to evaluate whether the activity objectives were met.  Students further examined the structure and organization of a primary article after the activity and they were engaged in discussions such as how research ideas developed and evolved, the advantages and disadvantages of collaborative research, the ethics of authorships, graduate schools, and careers in science. Hopefully, perceiving the authors of primary articles as real people in a social network and science as the collaborative efforts may help students see themselves being a part of the scientific advancement and inspire them to pursue careers in science.

Min-Ken Liao

2013-01-01

332

Application of concept mapping principles to managing steam generator knowledge at CNSC  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Nuclear knowledge management (KM) initiatives have been observed in many international agencies, industries and research facilities, such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Canada.s own Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL). This paper presents a brief overview of the theory behind concept mapping, its origins and application potential in an organizational context. Successful applications of nuclear KM efforts by the IAEA, the Defence Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), AECL and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) are specifically highlighted in the report for comparison and contrast. In addition, a system based on concept mapping theory is recently designed and implemented in order to efficiently manage steam generator-related knowledge at the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC). This tool aims to act as a powerful information asset for storage and retrieval of explicit and implicit knowledge, and to integrate KM practices into the CNSC workplace, all while maintaining its simplicity and ease for future modifications and fine-tuning when needed. (author)

2011-01-01

333

Mapa conceitual: ensaiando critérios de análise Concept map: testing analytical criteria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os Mapas Conceituais constituem importante instrumento para acompanhar a aprendizagem, demandando compreender os processos de construção. Este trabalho se propõe a apresentar e discutir critérios de análise de mapas conceituais elaborados por pós-graduandos do Mestrado "Ensino em Ciências da Saúde". Os critérios de análise foram: quantidade e qualidade de conceitos, níveis de hierarquia, número de inter-relações, palavras de enlace e proposições com significado lógico, estrutura do mapa, representatividade dos conteúdos e criatividade. Identificaram-se estruturas hierárquicas de significativa riqueza conceitual e representatividade dos temas trabalhados. Acredita-se que o processo de construção levou aos alunos a estabelecerem relações entre os novos conteúdos e seus conhecimentos prévios, criando maiores possibilidades de integração. A análise empreendida mostrou-se valiosa como uma ferramenta de trabalho para o professor da área da saúde, para desenvolver práticas avaliativas comprometidas em apreender os processos de aprendizagem dos alunos.Concept maps are an important instrument for following-up learning processes, and demand the comprehension of their construction methods. The purpose of this study is to present and discuss conceptual maps and their analysis criteria elaborated by students enrolled in the Master Program Teaching in Health Sciences. The selection of analysis criteria were:the quantity and quality of concepts, levels of hierarchy, number of interrelations, words of connection and propositions which express logical meaning, structure of the map: sequential or network, representativeness of contents and creativity. Data were systematized regarding quantitative and qualitative dimensions. Hierarchical structures of rich conceptual meaning and representativeness of the analyzed themes were identified. It was concluded that the construction processes led the students to establish relationships between new contents and their previous knowledge thus creating new possibilities of integration. The analysis was effective as an instrument for the teacher in the health area to develop evaluative practices engaged in the student's learning processes.

Lidia Ruiz-Moreno; Maria Cecília Sonzogno; Sylvia Helena da Silva Batista; Nildo Alves Batista

2007-01-01

334

Ethics constructed through the process of nurse training: conceptions, spaces and strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: to discuss the professors' conceptions about the ethical dimension of nurse training based on the relationships which this establishes with the competencies with the professional profile; and to identify the spaces and strategies for the teaching of ethics in this process. METHOD: A qualitative study delineated as a case study. The data was collected based on focus groups with professors from six undergraduate nursing courses in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, totaling 50 subjects. Based on the professors' discourse, the conceptions and mutual relations between professional competencies, the formative process and ethics were analyzed. RESULTS: The results were organized and the discussion explored through the thematic categories: The ethics constructed in the process of training nurses - the professors' conceptions, and spaces and strategies for the teaching of ethics in nurse training. CONCLUSIONS: The issue of ethics was shown to be transversal in the formative process. The study evidenced the challenge of creating spaces and strategies for teaching and fosters discussion about the new demands for changes placed upon the nursing schools, about the suitability of the care setting, and about the exercising of critical and problem-based education.

Ramos FR; Brehmer LC; Vargas MA; Schneider DG; Drago LC

2013-01-01

335

[Concept maps as a tool for the diagnosis of rare diseases].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Rare diseases are a real public health problem for hospitals and also for primary care. We describe some metaphor-based diagnosis procedures, such as: "When you hear hoof beats don't always think horses, sometimes they could be zebras", or that one about the antiquarian who recognised a museum masterpiece while walking in the Rastro (Madrid). The "lightning diagnoses" by Skoda are an important historic record. T. Greenhalgh has tried to cover the gap between evidence based medicine and the intuitive diagnosis. We point out some clinical epidemiology rules in order to improve their early detection by family practitioners and paediatricians. In our opinion, the training in the diagnosis of rare diseases has to be different for primary care level and for hospital doctors. Concept maps are useful for diagnosis in primary care clinics.

Ortega Calvo M; Gómez-Chaparro Moreno JL; González-Meneses López A; Guillén Enríquez J; Varo Baena A; Fernández de la Mota E

2012-01-01

336

The expression of depression among Javanese Patients with major depressive disorder: A concept mapping study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this study, we explored the presentation of clinical depression in Java, Indonesia. Interviews were conducted with 20 Javanese patients (male and female) with major depressive disorder from both lower and higher socioeconomic levels. The recruited participants came from provincial and private mental health hospitals in the cities of Solo, Yogykarta (Jogja), Jakarta, and Malang on the island of Java, Indonesia. Concept mapping methodology using multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis was used to identify underlying themes in the expression of depressive phenomena in this Indonesian population. The results identified themes that grouped into six clusters: interpersonal relationships, hopelessness, physical/somatic, poverty of thought, discourage, and defeat. Findings give support to the view that culture influences the expression of Indonesian depressive phenomenology, which nevertheless has some common roots with Western clinical pictures of the disorder. Cultural influences may mask symptoms of the disorder to clinicians. Diagnostic and assessment tools must be carefully selected to ensure they address culturally specific expressions of depression.

Brintnell ES; Sommer RW; Kuncoro B; Setiawan GP; Bailey P

2013-09-01

337

The expression of depression among Javanese patients with major depressive disorder: A concept mapping study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this study, we explored the presentation of clinical depression in Java, Indonesia. Interviews were conducted with 20 Javanese patients (male and female) with major depressive disorder from both lower and higher socioeconomic levels. The recruited participants came from provincial and private mental health hospitals in the cities of Solo, Yogykarta (Jogja), Jakarta, and Malang on the island of Java, Indonesia. Concept mapping methodology using multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis was used to identify underlying themes in the expression of depressive phenomena in this Indonesian population. The results identified themes that grouped into six clusters: interpersonal relationships, hopelessness, physical/somatic, poverty of thought, discourage, and defeat. Findings give support to the view that culture influences the expression of Indonesian depressive phenomenology, which nevertheless has some common roots with Western clinical pictures of the disorder. Cultural influences may mask symptoms of the disorder to clinicians. Diagnostic and assessment tools must be carefully selected to ensure they address culturally specific expressions of depression.

Brintnell ES; Sommer RW; Kuncoro B; Setiawan GP; Bailey P

2013-08-01

338

Prior Knowledge Activation: How Different Concept Mapping Tasks Lead to Substantial Differences in Cognitive Processes, Learning Outcomes, and Perceived Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

|Two experiments investigated the effects of characteristic features of concept mapping used for prior knowledge activation. Characteristic demands of concept mapping include connecting lines representing the relationships between concepts and labeling these lines, specifying the type of the semantic relationships. In the first experiment,…

Gurlitt, Johannes; Renkl, Alexander

2010-01-01

339

Mentoring Entrepreneurial Networks: mapping conceptions of participants in technological-based business incubators in Brazil.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The recent entrepreneurship research agenda includes the analysis of cognitive structures of successful entrepreneurs, revealing an important tool for the examination of an entrepreneurial career. Using techniques of cognitive maps, this study explores the concepts of a successful career and the network itself, as a whole, for career development. Fifty-three entrepreneurs were studied, in seven technological incubators in the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. Specifically, this study aimed to map the shared meanings of the incubated entrepreneurs regarding informal support networks. Such networks support the entrepreneurial career and the present study explores the characteristics and the conceptual model that underlies the networks. The data collection was achieved through interviews through a free evocation technique. The shared meanings indicate the existence of inherent thought categories that support network context in the incubator environment, mainly the mentoring networks. The results endorse the interpretation of an informal mentoring model emerging from the dominant evocations concerning a successful career and of the network itself as promoter of career development.

Pontes Regis, Helder; Anthony Falk, James; Calado Dias, Sônia Maria R.; Bittencourt Bastos, Antonio Virgilio

2007-01-01

340

Does the mind map learning strategy facilitate information retrieval and critical thinking in medical students?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A learning strategy underutilized in medical education is mind mapping. Mind maps are multi-sensory tools that may help medical students organize, integrate, and retain information. Recent work suggests that using mind mapping as a note-taking strategy facilitates critical thinking. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and critical thinking, as measured by the Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT), and whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and recall of domain-based information. Methods In this quasi-experimental study, 131 first-year medical students were randomly assigned to a standard note-taking (SNT) group or mind map (MM) group during orientation. Subjects were given a demographic survey and pre-HSRT. They were then given an unfamiliar text passage, a pre-quiz based upon the passage, and a 30-minute break, during which time subjects in the MM group were given a presentation on mind mapping. After the break, subjects were given the same passage and wrote notes based on their group (SNT or MM) assignment. A post-quiz based upon the passage was administered, followed by a post-HSRT. Differences in mean pre- and post-quiz scores between groups were analyzed using independent samples t-tests, whereas differences in mean pre- and post-HSRT total scores and subscores between groups were analyzed using ANOVA. Mind map depth was assessed using the Mind Map Assessment Rubric (MMAR). Results There were no significant differences in mean scores on both the pre- and post-quizzes between note-taking groups. And, no significant differences were found between pre- and post-HSRT mean total scores and subscores. Conclusions Although mind mapping was not found to increase short-term recall of domain-based information or critical thinking compared to SNT, a brief introduction to mind mapping allowed novice MM subjects to perform similarly to SNT subjects. This demonstrates that medical students using mind maps can successfully retrieve information in the short term, and does not put them at a disadvantage compared to SNT students. Future studies should explore longitudinal effects of mind-map proficiency training on both short- and long-term information retrieval and critical thinking.

D'Antoni Anthony V; Zipp Genevieve; Olson Valerie G; Cahill Terrence F

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Does the mind map learning strategy facilitate information retrieval and critical thinking in medical students?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: A learning strategy underutilized in medical education is mind mapping. Mind maps are multi-sensory tools that may help medical students organize, integrate, and retain information. Recent work suggests that using mind mapping as a note-taking strategy facilitates critical thinking. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and critical thinking, as measured by the Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT), and whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and recall of domain-based information. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 131 first-year medical students were randomly assigned to a standard note-taking (SNT) group or mind map (MM) group during orientation. Subjects were given a demographic survey and pre-HSRT. They were then given an unfamiliar text passage, a pre-quiz based upon the passage, and a 30-minute break, during which time subjects in the MM group were given a presentation on mind mapping. After the break, subjects were given the same passage and wrote notes based on their group (SNT or MM) assignment. A post-quiz based upon the passage was administered, followed by a post-HSRT. Differences in mean pre- and post-quiz scores between groups were analyzed using independent samples t-tests, whereas differences in mean pre- and post-HSRT total scores and subscores between groups were analyzed using ANOVA. Mind map depth was assessed using the Mind Map Assessment Rubric (MMAR). RESULTS: There were no significant differences in mean scores on both the pre- and post-quizzes between note-taking groups. And, no significant differences were found between pre- and post-HSRT mean total scores and subscores. CONCLUSIONS: Although mind mapping was not found to increase short-term recall of domain-based information or critical thinking compared to SNT, a brief introduction to mind mapping allowed novice MM subjects to perform similarly to SNT subjects. This demonstrates that medical students using mind maps can successfully retrieve information in the short term, and does not put them at a disadvantage compared to SNT students. Future studies should explore longitudinal effects of mind-map proficiency training on both short- and long-term information retrieval and critical thinking.

D'Antoni AV; Zipp GP; Olson VG; Cahill TF

2010-01-01

342

Using multiple stakeholders to define a successful return to work: a concept mapping approach.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Currently no standard or universal outcome measure for return to work (RTW) programs exists making the evaluation and comparison of such programs difficult. RTW outcomes are often measured using nominal scales based on administrative data but these fail to take the perspectives of workers and other stakeholders into consideration. In order to gain that perspective this study was conducted to identify what outcomes are of interest and importance to RTW stakeholders. RTW stakeholders identified indicators of successful RTW in order to develop a conceptual framework of successful RTW. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 24 RTW stakeholders participated, representing both RTW consumers and providers from Southwestern Ontario. METHOD: This study used a mixed-method integrated form of concept mapping, which qualitatively generates and interprets data, and quantitatively analyzes data using multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis. RESULTS: Participants generated 48 statements, which were subsequently clustered into the following six concepts; worker performance, worker job satisfaction, human rights, worker well-being, seamless RTW process through collaborative communication, and satisfaction of stakeholders other than workers. CONCLUSIONS: The results reflect the perspectives of stakeholders and suggest that RTW outcome measures are needed that not only evaluate all aspects of the worker's life, but the RTW process as well. Aside from confirming the inadequacy of nominal, administrative type outcomes, these findings imply that the actual RTW process is intimately tied to outcome. Implications and relevance are discussed for planning RTW programs and towards developing a RTW outcome tool.

Leyshon R; Shaw L

2012-01-01

343

Equity and health policy in Africa: Using concept mapping in Moore (Burkina Faso)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This methodological article is based on a health policy research project conducted in Burkina Faso (West Africa). Concept mapping (CM) was used as a research method to understand the local views of equity among stakeholders, who were concerned by the health policy under consideration. While this technique has been used in North America and elsewhere, to our knowledge it has not yet been applied in Africa in any vernacular language. Its application raises many issues and certain methodological limitations. Our objective in this article is to present its use in this particular context, and to share a number of methodological observations on the subject. Methods Two CMs were done among two different groups of local stakeholders following four steps: generating ideas, structuring the ideas, computing maps using multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis methods, and interpreting maps. Fifteen nurses were invited to take part in the study, all of whom had undergone training on health policies. Of these, nine nurses (60%) ultimately attended the two-day meeting, conducted in French. Of 45 members of village health committees who attended training on health policies, only eight were literate in the local language (Moore). Seven of these (88%) came to the meeting. Results The local perception of equity seems close to the egalitarian model. The actors are not ready to compromise social stability and peace for the benefit of the worst-off. The discussion on the methodological limitations of CM raises the limitations of asking a single question in Moore and the challenge of translating a concept as complex as equity. While the translation of equity into Moore undoubtedly oriented the discussions toward social relations, we believe that, in the context of this study, the open-ended question concerning social justice has a threefold relevance. At the same time, those limitations were transformed into strengths. We understand that it was essential to resort to the focus group approach to explore deeply a complex subject such as equity, which became, after the two CMs, one of the important topics of the research. Conclusion Using this technique in a new context was not the easiest thing to do. Nevertheless, contrary to what local organizers thought when we explained to them this "crazy" idea of applying the technique in Moore with peasants, we believe we have shown that it was feasible, even with persons not literate in French.

Ridde Valéry

2008-01-01

344

Equity and health policy in Africa: using concept mapping in Moore (Burkina Faso).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: This methodological article is based on a health policy research project conducted in Burkina Faso (West Africa). Concept mapping (CM) was used as a research method to understand the local views of equity among stakeholders, who were concerned by the health policy under consideration. While this technique has been used in North America and elsewhere, to our knowledge it has not yet been applied in Africa in any vernacular language. Its application raises many issues and certain methodological limitations. Our objective in this article is to present its use in this particular context, and to share a number of methodological observations on the subject. METHODS: Two CMs were done among two different groups of local stakeholders following four steps: generating ideas, structuring the ideas, computing maps using multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis methods, and interpreting maps. Fifteen nurses were invited to take part in the study, all of whom had undergone training on health policies. Of these, nine nurses (60%) ultimately attended the two-day meeting, conducted in French. Of 45 members of village health committees who attended training on health policies, only eight were literate in the local language (Moore). Seven of these (88%) came to the meeting. RESULTS: The local perception of equity seems close to the egalitarian model. The actors are not ready to compromise social stability and peace for the benefit of the worst-off. The discussion on the methodological limitations of CM raises the limitations of asking a single question in Moore and the challenge of translating a concept as complex as equity. While the translation of equity into Moore undoubtedly oriented the discussions toward social relations, we believe that, in the context of this study, the open-ended question concerning social justice has a threefold relevance. At the same time, those limitations were transformed into strengths. We understand that it was essential to resort to the focus group approach to explore deeply a complex subject such as equity, which became, after the two CMs, one of the important topics of the research. CONCLUSION: Using this technique in a new context was not the easiest thing to do. Nevertheless, contrary to what local organizers thought when we explained to them this "crazy" idea of applying the technique in Moore with peasants, we believe we have shown that it was feasible, even with persons not literate in French.

Ridde V

2008-01-01

345

Efficient spatio-temporal hole filling strategy for Kinect depth maps  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we present an efficient hole filling strategy that improves the quality of the depth maps obtained with the Microsoft Kinect device. The proposed approach is based on a joint-bilateral filtering framework that includes spatial and temporal information. The missing depth values are obtained applying iteratively a joint-bilateral filter to their neighbor pixels. The filter weights are selected considering three different factors: visual data, depth information and a temporal-consistency map. Video and depth data are combined to improve depth map quality in presence of edges and homogeneous regions. Finally, the temporal-consistency map is generated in order to track the reliability of the depth measurements near the hole regions. The obtained depth values are included iteratively in the filtering process of the successive frames and the accuracy of the hole regions depth values increases while new samples are acquired and filtered.

Camplani, Massimo; Salgado, Luis

2012-02-01

346

C-PHIS: A Concept Map-Based Knowledge Base Framework to Develop Personal Health Information Systems.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this paper we describe the development of a Personal Health Information System using a knowledge base developed using concept maps. Here we describe a solution for providing the critical need to develop an information capturing system that helps domain experts in developing a graphical representation of the aforementioned knowledge base which can then be converted to a machine-actable form of information. A prototype application has been developed using this information capturing system that clearly demonstrates the use of the knowledge base framework using concept maps to develop Personal Health Information System for lung cancer patients.

Karla PR; Gurupur VP

2013-10-01

347

C-PHIS: A Concept Map-Based Knowledge Base Framework to Develop Personal Health Information Systems.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we describe the development of a Personal Health Information System using a knowledge base developed using concept maps. Here we describe a solution for providing the critical need to develop an information capturing system that helps domain experts in developing a graphical representation of the aforementioned knowledge base which can then be converted to a machine-actable form of information. A prototype application has been developed using this information capturing system that clearly demonstrates the use of the knowledge base framework using concept maps to develop Personal Health Information System for lung cancer patients. PMID:24014254

Karla, Pramukh R; Gurupur, Varadraj P

2013-09-07

348

Indigenous Education and Knowledge - a de-legitimised Concept in the Education for All Strategies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper the attempt is made to emphasize the differences between indigenous education practices and concepts and the Western imposed cultural ethnocentrism in the South East Asian Region. It is my hope that the discussions in the paper will be of interest to scholars and students engaged in development processes in pluri-ethnic societies. The action plans presented in the “Education for All” conferences in 1990 and 2000 are used to illustrate the differences in the concept of education. The plans show that the Western education concept still dominates in the development discourse. These conferences are important as “Education for All” strategies seem to be the main beacon of future development within education, as well as it is significant that other concepts of education than the Western are hardly given any attention in the two declarations. The point is further made that it is not a purely academic discussion, as the West has the institutional power to impose its hegemony in theory and practice. Thisnotwithstanding, a new discourse is emerging within the research community which shows sensitivity to the problems of indigenous communities in the context of Third World development discourse.

Kanstrup-Jensen, Annette

2006-01-01

349

Reinforcement concept. Application strategy vis- a-vis geotechnical considerations in Indian coal mines - case studies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In India, roof bolting assumes greater significance in the light of the fact that accidents due to 'fall of roof' continues to be the predominant cause of fatal accidents in underground coal mines. The trials pertaining to internal reinforcement of roof rocks with bolts were conducted in 1960's,and, the progress of assimilation of the concept has been slow and halting due to intermediate technology status of coal winning processes and lack of initiative to accept it as a primary means of roof support, in place of conventional timber/steel. The paper offers an insight into the evolutionary aspects of rock reinforcement concept, reviews the support practices in Indian coal mines, outlines the parameters of an integrated systems approach, and, discusses the viability and application strategy of high capacity reinforcement system incorporating high grade steel and encapsulated resin in watery condition/ high stress environment, on the basis of two case studies.

Sinha, A.K.; Bhattacharjee, B.; Sharma, R. [Directorate General of Mines Safety (India)

2004-07-01

350

STUDY ABOUT QUALITY ASSURANCE IN TEXTILE INDUSTRY BY IMPLEMENTING NEW CONCEPTS AND STRATEGIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Implementing of a quality system in the textile industry requires the modernization of management andintroduction of new items in work organizing. This is an important and necessary step for any company to certifyof quality of the products. Implementing of new strategies and concepts regarding quality assurance leads at increased productivity, immediate and rapid improving of the technological processes, decrease of production costs, product quality increase, control of the products in a shorter time and defects finding after a small number of pieces.

Monica Pustianu; Adina Bucevschi; Alexandru Popa; Erzsebet Airinei

2011-01-01

351

Exploring how students think: a new method combining think-aloud and concept mapping protocols.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: A key element of medical competence is problem solving. Previous work has shown that doctors use inductive reasoning to progress from facts to hypotheses and deductive reasoning to move from hypotheses to the gathering of confirmatory information. No individual assessment method has been designed to quantify the use of inductive and deductive procedures within clinical reasoning. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility and reliability of a new method which allows for the rapid identification of the style (inductive or deductive) of clinical reasoning in medical students and experts. METHODS: The study included four groups of four participants. These comprised groups of medical students in Years 3, 4 and 5 and a group of specialists in internal medicine, all at a medical school with a 6-year curriculum in France. Participants were asked to solve four clinical problems by thinking aloud. The thinking expressed aloud was immediately transcribed into concept maps by one or two 'writers' trained to distinguish inductive and deductive links. Reliability was assessed by estimating the inter-writer correlation. The calculated rate of inductive reasoning, the richness score and the rate of exhaustiveness of reasoning were compared according to the level of expertise of the individual and the type of clinical problem. RESULTS: The total number of maps drawn amounted to 32 for students in Year 4, 32 for students in Year 5, 16 for students in Year 3 and 16 for experts. A positive correlation was found between writers (R = 0.66-0.93). Richness scores and rates of exhaustiveness of reasoning did not differ according to expertise level. The rate of inductive reasoning varied as expected according to the nature of the clinical problem and was lower in experts (41% versus 67%). CONCLUSIONS: This new method showed good reliability and may be a promising tool for the assessment of medical problem-solving skills, giving teachers a means of diagnosing how their students think when they are confronted with clinical problems.

Pottier P; Hardouin JB; Hodges BD; Pistorius MA; Connault J; Durant C; Clairand R; Sebille V; Barrier JH; Planchon B

2010-09-01

352

Application of a concept development process to evaluate process layout designs using value stream mapping and simulation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose: We propose and demonstrate a concept development process (CDP) as a framework to solve a value stream mapping (VSM) related process layout design optimization problem.

Design/methodology/approach: A case study ...

Ki-Young Jeong; Don T Phillips

353

Higher Education Planning for a Strategic Goal with a Concept Mapping Process at a Small Private College  

Science.gov (United States)

|Faculty, staff, and administrators at a small independent college determined that planning with a Concept Mapping process efficiently produced strategic thinking and action plans for the accomplishment of a strategic goal to expand experiential learning within the curriculum. One year into a new strategic plan, the college enjoyed enrollment…

Driscoll, Deborah P.

2010-01-01

354

Paper-Based and Computer-Based Concept Mappings: The Effects on Computer Achievement, Computer Anxiety and Computer Attitude  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this paper is to compare the effects of paper-based and computer-based concept mappings on computer hardware achievement, computer anxiety and computer attitude of the eight grade secondary school students. The students were randomly allocated to three groups and were given instruction on computer hardware. The teaching methods…

Erdogan, Yavuz

2009-01-01

355

Higher Education Planning for a Strategic Goal with a Concept Mapping Process at a Small Private College  

Science.gov (United States)

Faculty, staff, and administrators at a small independent college determined that planning with a Concept Mapping process efficiently produced strategic thinking and action plans for the accomplishment of a strategic goal to expand experiential learning within the curriculum. One year into a new strategic plan, the college enjoyed enrollment…

Driscoll, Deborah P.

2010-01-01

356

Paper-Based and Computer-Based Concept Mappings: The Effects on Computer Achievement, Computer Anxiety and Computer Attitude  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to compare the effects of paper-based and computer-based concept mappings on computer hardware achievement, computer anxiety and computer attitude of the eight grade secondary school students. The students were randomly allocated to three groups and were given instruction on computer hardware. The teaching methods used…

Erdogan, Yavuz

2009-01-01

357

Instrumental Gestural Mapping Strategies as Expressivity Determinants in Computer Music Performance  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper presents ongoing work on gesture mapping strategies and applications to sound synthesisby signal models controlled via a standard MIDI wind controller. Our approach consists inconsidering different mapping strategies in order to achieve "fine" (therefore in the authors' opinion,potentially expressive) control of additive synthesis by coupling originally independent outputs fromthe wind controller. These control signals are applied to nine different clarinet data files, obtainedfrom analysis of clarinet sounds, which are arranged in an expressive timbral subspace and interpolatedin real-time, using FTS 1.4, IRCAM's digital signal processing environment. An analysisof the resulting interpolation is also provided and topics related to sound morphing techniques arediscussed.1 IntroductionA common complaint about electronic music is thatit lacks expressivity. In response to this, much workhas been done in developing new and varied synthesisalgorithms. However, becau...

Joseph Butch Rovan; Marcelo M. W; Shlomo Dubnov

358

A complex geo-scientific strategy for landslide hazard mitigation ? from airborne mapping to ground monitoring  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available After a large landslide event in Sibratsgfäll/Austria several exploration methods were evaluated on their applicability to investigate and monitor landslide areas. The resulting optimised strategy consists of the combined application of airborne electromagnetics, ground geoelectrical measurements and geoelectrical monitoring combined with hydrological and geological mapping and geotechnical modelling. Interdisciplinary communication and discussion was the primary key to assess this complicated hazard situation.

R. Supper; A. Römer; B. Jochum; G. Bieber; W. Jaritz

2008-01-01

359

2009 Melbourne metropolitan sewerage strategy: a portfolio of decentralised and on-site concept designs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The bulk and retail water companies of the greater Melbourne area are developing the 2009 Metropolitan Sewerage Strategy to provide sustainable sewerage services to 2060. The objective of the strategy is to establish long term principles and near term actions to produce a robust sewage management system for Melbourne. Melbourne's existing sewerage system is largely centralised and discharges to two major treatment plants. Several small satellite treatment plants service local urban areas generally more distant from the centralised system. Decentralised and on-site wastewater systems are options for future sewage management and could play a role in local recycling. A portfolio of 18 on-site and decentralised concept designs was developed, applicable to the full range of urban development types in Melbourne. The concepts can be used in evaluation of metropolitan system configurations as part of future integrated water cycle planning. The options included secondary and tertiary treatment systems incorporating re-use of water for non potable uses, urine separation, black and greywater separation and composting toilets. On-site and cluster treatment systems were analysed. Each option is described by its indicative capital and operating costs, energy use and water and nutrient balances. This paper summarises and compares the portfolio mix of decentralized and on-site options in Melbourne's context.

Brown V; Jackson DW; Khalifé M

2010-01-01

360

Concept mapping with South Asian immigrant women: barriers to mammography and solutions.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Despite benefits of screening mammography, many South Asian (SA) immigrant women in Canada remain under screened. We aimed to elicit their experiences and beliefs about barriers to mammography and possible solutions. SA immigrant women aged 50 years or over were eligible if they never had a mammogram or had one more than 3 years ago. We employed the participatory mixed-method approach of Concept Mapping. Sixty women participated with a mean age of 58 years. Participants brainstormed 150 items which were consolidated into 67 items. After sorting and rating, cluster analysis revealed eight clusters of barriers on knowledge, fear, language and transportation, access to mammogram center, access to doctor, beliefs and practices, self-care, and family dependence. Participants discussed possible solutions, and emphasized out-reach models to address knowledge gaps and issues of language and transportation. One example was a community-based shuttle bus to screening centres, hosted by trained co-ethnic workers. The results are discussed to enhance the socio-cultural sensitivity of breast screening programs.

Ahmad F; Mahmood S; Pietkiewicz I; McDonald L; Ginsburg O

2012-04-01

 
 
 
 
361

Concept mapping with South Asian immigrant women: barriers to mammography and solutions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite benefits of screening mammography, many South Asian (SA) immigrant women in Canada remain under screened. We aimed to elicit their experiences and beliefs about barriers to mammography and possible solutions. SA immigrant women aged 50 years or over were eligible if they never had a mammogram or had one more than 3 years ago. We employed the participatory mixed-method approach of Concept Mapping. Sixty women participated with a mean age of 58 years. Participants brainstormed 150 items which were consolidated into 67 items. After sorting and rating, cluster analysis revealed eight clusters of barriers on knowledge, fear, language and transportation, access to mammogram center, access to doctor, beliefs and practices, self-care, and family dependence. Participants discussed possible solutions, and emphasized out-reach models to address knowledge gaps and issues of language and transportation. One example was a community-based shuttle bus to screening centres, hosted by trained co-ethnic workers. The results are discussed to enhance the socio-cultural sensitivity of breast screening programs. PMID:21538023

Ahmad, Farah; Mahmood, Sadia; Pietkiewicz, Igor; McDonald, Laura; Ginsburg, Ophira

2012-04-01

362

The effectiveness of problem-based learning and concept mapping among Taiwanese registered nursing students.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of adopting problem-based learning (PBL) and concept mapping (CM) in the educational programs for Taiwanese registered nursing (RN) students. We used a quasi-experimental design with experimental and control groups to evaluate the effectiveness of PBL-CM in three time schedules: before the course began (pre-test), at the end of the course (post-test), and six months after the end of the course (follow-up test). A convenience sample of 120 RN students participated, 51in the experimental group and 69 in the control group. Finding showed that the experimental group had higher scores than the control group for the Critical-Thinking Scale, Self-Directed Learning Scale, and Students' Performance in PBL Tutorial Sessions Questionnaire at the post-test and follow-up test stages. The PBL-CM increased students' critical-thinking skills and personal accountability for self-directed learning, and it would enhance the skills of independent study, reasoning, group interaction and active participation. This study offers guidelines for new nurse-training programs and continuing nursing education in clinical practice. PMID:21159411

Tseng, Hui-Chen; Chou, Fan-Hao; Wang, Hsiu-Hung; Ko, Hsun-Kuei; Jian, Shu-Yuan; Weng, Wei-Che

2010-12-14

363

The expression of depression among Javanese patients with major depressive disorder: A concept mapping study.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we explored the presentation of clinical depression in Java, Indonesia. Interviews were conducted with 20 Javanese patients (male and female) with major depressive disorder from both lower and higher socioeconomic levels. The recruited participants came from provincial and private mental health hospitals in the cities of Solo, Yogykarta (Jogja), Jakarta, and Malang on the island of Java, Indonesia. Concept mapping methodology using multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis was used to identify underlying themes in the expression of depressive phenomena in this Indonesian population. The results identified themes that grouped into six clusters: interpersonal relationships, hopelessness, physical/somatic, poverty of thought, discourage, and defeat. Findings give support to the view that culture influences the expression of Indonesian depressive phenomenology, which nevertheless has some common roots with Western clinical pictures of the disorder. Cultural influences may mask symptoms of the disorder to clinicians. Diagnostic and assessment tools must be carefully selected to ensure they address culturally specific expressions of depression. PMID:24047957

Brintnell, E Sharon; Sommer, Ryan W; Kuncoro, Bambang; Setiawan, G Pandu; Bailey, Patricia

2013-09-18

364

Conflicting modes of reasoning in the Assisted Migration debate: a concept mapping analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

A growing body of literature in biodiversity conservation and forestry has developed around the risks and benefits of the Assisted Migration (AM) of species, including recommendations for planning and management. However, despite years of academic debate, general consensus has yet to be reached between the proponents and the opponents of AM as a policy option. We hypothesize that the continued impasse arises out of fundamentally conflicting value judgments. Using a concept mapping technique, we analyzed reasons for and against AM, including the use of scientific evidence and the nature of the values and ethical norms that shape the modes of reasoning in the debate. Our results indicate the presence of a diversity of ethical arguments in addition to the standard precautionary argument and pragmatic reasoning. We further discovered that different kinds of scientific arguments are used by proponents versus opponents of AM: the former rely mostly on detailed biological and ecological facts about species most-at-risk under climate change, while the latter focus on broader ecological theories. Our analysis suggests little dispute over the scientific foundations of the debate. Instead, we suggest that the main barrier to consensus is the advocacy of fundamental values, which are a matter of personal choice, and thus not likely to be changed. One way out of this impasse is a pragmatic mode of reasoning, which eschews the debate on fundamental values and evaluates the means and ends of AM in a case-by-case approach.

Klenk, N. L.; Larson, B.

2011-12-01

365

Pathways to help-seeking in bulimia nervosa and binge eating problems: a concept mapping approach.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To conduct an in-depth study, using concept mapping, of three factors related to help-seeking for bulimia nervosa and binge eating: problem recognition, barriers to help-seeking, and prompts to help-seeking. METHOD: Semistructured interviews were conducted to elicit information about help-seeking with 63 women (18-62 years) with past or present bulimic behaviors. RESULTS: Using Leximancer software, factors identified as associated with problem recognition were Changes in Behavior, Interference with Life Roles, Comments about Changes and Psychological Problems. Salient barriers to help-seeking were Fear of Stigma, Low Mental Health Literacy/Perception of Need, Shame, Fear of Change and Cost. Prompts to help-seeking were increased Symptom Severity, Psychological Distress, Interference with Life Roles, Health Problems, and Desire to Get Better. CONCLUSION: Results highlighted the need for awareness campaigns to reduce both self and perceived stigma by others towards bulimic behaviors, and the need to enhance awareness of available interventions for people ready to engage in treatment, to increase help-seeking.

Hepworth N; Paxton SJ

2007-09-01

366

Hypnosis-Induced Mental Training Programmes as a Strategy to Improve the Self-Concept of Students  

Science.gov (United States)

|The creation and implementation of strategies that could improve student development is receiving new research interest. The main objective of the research was to establish whether hypnosis-induced mental training programmes as a strategy could alter the self-concept of students which in turn could improve their overall academic functioning. Two…

De Vos, H. M.; Louw, D. A.

2009-01-01

367

Hypnosis-Induced Mental Training Programmes as a Strategy to Improve the Self-Concept of Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The creation and implementation of strategies that could improve student development is receiving new research interest. The main objective of the research was to establish whether hypnosis-induced mental training programmes as a strategy could alter the self-concept of students which in turn could improve their overall academic functioning. Two…

De Vos, H. M.; Louw, D. A.

2009-01-01

368

Visualisation of Astronomy domain: a `mapping' strategy in teaching and learning astronomy  

Science.gov (United States)

If you were to overhear several students talking, you might hear one of them say, our professors have stuffed us full, but what does it all mean? Many tertiary students are unable to perceive where all the information they have been given about a particular area of astronomy actually fits into astronomy as a whole. Furthermore, even graduates of astronomy are often unable to conceptualise and understand their field of astronomy and astronomical endeavours. Our students' vision of astronomy is similar to the situation with a metro (underground) passenger. You get out to the surface on one station and see a beautiful square with the monument and buildings around. As you come up to the other station you can see a park and a river. But what is between? What streets, roads or pathways connect these areas? Where does one area transit or transfer to the other? In tertiary education, each paper or module is like one metro station. Students' knowledge is fragmentary; they lack long-term understanding of astronomy content, much less the ability to apply it. Our students need a map of this city - a map of astronomy. Application of a concept of educational `science maps' to astronomy education is discussed. By analogy with geographic maps, scales of educational science maps - scales of integration - are introduced. Science maps of different scales are illustrated with initial examples exploring the application of this methodology in astronomy, astrophysics and geophysics. There is a significant amount of work to be done by experts in specific fields of astronomy. It is incumbent upon scientists to conceptualise and define how maps of their fields might be drawn, so that educators might utilise them more fully in developing their practice and their students learning in astronomy.

Gulyaev, S.

2006-08-01

369

El mapa conceptual. Un instrumento educativo polivalente para las ciencias de la salud: Su aplicación en histología/ Concept maps as a polyvalent educational tool for health sciences: Their application to histology  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En el presente artículo se analiza el mapa conceptual como instrumento de estrategia educativa aplicada a las ciencias de la salud y, especialmente, al ámbito de la histología. Tras considerar los elementos constitutivos y los tipos de mapas conceptuales y el fundamento epistemológico de los mismos para estimular el aprendizaje significativo, se examina la aplicación de los mapas al desarrollo curricular, la evaluación, el diseño pedagógico por parte del profesor (more) y el autoaprendizaje por parte del alumno en el contexto del proceso de Bolonia. En el ámbito de la histología se analiza la utilización de los distintos tipos de mapas para la definición y jerarquización de sus contenidos, su relación con el resto de las disciplinas y su nuevo paradigma vinculado a la Ingeniería tisular. Abstract in english This article analyzes the concept map as a tool for educational strategy applied to health sciences, particularly in the area of histology. After considering the elements that make up these maps, the different types of concept maps and the epistemological basis of maps as instruments to enhance significant learning, the article examines how maps can be used for curriculum development, evaluation, pedagogic design by teachers, and self-learning by students within the conte (more) xt of the Bologna process. UIT reference to histology, we analyze how different types of maps are used to define and rank concepts, examine the relationship between disciplines and to understand the new paradigm of histology related to tissue engineering.

Sánchez-Quevedo, María del Carmen; Cubero, María Angustias; Alaminos, Miguel; Vicente Crespo, Pascual; Campos, Antonio

2006-06-01

370

El mapa conceptual. Un instrumento educativo polivalente para las ciencias de la salud: Su aplicación en histología Concept maps as a polyvalent educational tool for health sciences: Their application to histology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En el presente artículo se analiza el mapa conceptual como instrumento de estrategia educativa aplicada a las ciencias de la salud y, especialmente, al ámbito de la histología. Tras considerar los elementos constitutivos y los tipos de mapas conceptuales y el fundamento epistemológico de los mismos para estimular el aprendizaje significativo, se examina la aplicación de los mapas al desarrollo curricular, la evaluación, el diseño pedagógico por parte del profesor y el autoaprendizaje por parte del alumno en el contexto del proceso de Bolonia. En el ámbito de la histología se analiza la utilización de los distintos tipos de mapas para la definición y jerarquización de sus contenidos, su relación con el resto de las disciplinas y su nuevo paradigma vinculado a la Ingeniería tisular.This article analyzes the concept map as a tool for educational strategy applied to health sciences, particularly in the area of histology. After considering the elements that make up these maps, the different types of concept maps and the epistemological basis of maps as instruments to enhance significant learning, the article examines how maps can be used for curriculum development, evaluation, pedagogic design by teachers, and self-learning by students within the context of the Bologna process. UIT reference to histology, we analyze how different types of maps are used to define and rank concepts, examine the relationship between disciplines and to understand the new paradigm of histology related to tissue engineering.

María del Carmen Sánchez-Quevedo; María Angustias Cubero; Miguel Alaminos; Pascual Vicente Crespo; Antonio Campos

2006-01-01

371

Strategic Plan in a Greek Manufacturing Company: A Balanced Scorecard and Strategy Map Implementation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"????????? ???????"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} This paper aims to translate the strategy of a Greek manufacturing company into objectives and measures that can be clearly communicated to all units and employees. For this purpose two basic strategic tools are implemented, the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) and the strategy map. Based on the statements about mission, vision, and values of the company, and the strategic analysis, we formulate the strategy on four axes. The company’s strategy map is constructed using the four axes as strategic themes, and the four traditional perspectives of the BSC. Twenty eight objectives and thirty six measures are used, and nine departments are engaged to monitor the performance of objectives in order the company to achieve the determined targets. Finally, ten strategic initiatives are proposed that company must curry out to achieve the targeted performance of strategic objectives and measures.

Konstantinos Anagnostopoulos

2010-01-01

372

The Glacier and Land Ice Surface Topography Interferometer: An Airborne Proof-of-concept Mapping Sensor  

Science.gov (United States)

In May 2009 a new radar technique for mapping ice surface topography was demonstrated in a Greenland campaign as part of the NASA International Polar Year activities. This was achieved by integrating a Ka-band single-pass interferometric synthetic radar on the NASA Dryden Gulfstream III for a coordinated deployment. Although the technique of using radar interferometry for mapping terrain has been demonstrated before, this is the first such application at millimeter-wave frequencies. This proof-of-concept demonstration was motivated by the Glacier and Land Ice Surface Topography Interferometer (GLISTIN) Instrument Incubator Program and furthermore, highly leveraged existing ESTO hardware and software assets (the Unmanned Airborne Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) and processor and the PR2 (precipitation radar 2) RF assembly and power amplifier). Initial Ka-band test flights occurred in March and April of 2009 followed by the Greenland deployment. Instrument performance indicates swath widths over the ice between 5-7km, with height precisions ranging from 30cm-3m at a posting of 3m x 3m. However, for this application the electromagnetic wave will penetrate an unknown amount into the snow cover thus producing an effective bias that must be calibrated. This penetration will be characterized as part of this program and is expected to vary as a function of snow wetness and radar incidence angle. To evaluate this, we flew a coordinated collection with the NASA Wallops Airborne Topographic Mapper on a transect from Greenland’s Summit its West coast. This flight included two field calibration sites at Colorado Institute for Research in Environmental Science’s Swiss Camp and the National Science Foundation’s Summit station. Additional collections entailed flying a grid over Jakobshavn glacier which were repeated after 6 days to reveal surface dynamics. In this time frame we were able to observe horizontal motion of over 1km on the glacier. While developed for relevancy to ice surface mapping, the Ka-band interferometer was able to make targeted observations relevant for the Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission. Most notably, en route to Greenland via North Dakota, data was collected in the “SWOT-like” geometry by rolling the GIII toward nadir and collecting nadir data over surface water targets (Red and Missouri Rivers, Devils Lake, ND and the Big Bog, MN). Flying into Thule, SWOT data was also collected over sea ice. In summary, the campaign and demonstration was highly successful. Not only were we able to achieve the primary objective of validated data collections for ice-surface topography, but we also gathered unique observations that will be used by the SWOT mission. In the next year, the detailed processing, absolute calibration and intersensor comparisons will enable us ultimately to produce a high quality topographic map of Jakobshavn as an IPY reference for measuring future changes in ice elevation. Finally, our experiment has paved the way to make more topographic products available to glaciologists, either through dedicated airborne campaigns, or ultimately as a satellite mission.

Moller, D.; Hensley, S.; Chuang, C.; Fisher, C.; Muellerschoen, R.; Milligan, L.; Sadowy, G.; Rignot, E. J.

2009-12-01

373

Effectiveness of the conceptual change texts accompanied by concept maps about students’ understanding of the molecules carrying genetical information  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the effects of concept maps, together with conceptual change texts, given to 11th grade students’ on the subject of molecules carrying genetical information. The semistructured individual interviews were conducted with 5 upper class students to find misconceptions related to the subject. A success test was developed in the light of information taken from both literature and also interviews. This test was applied to the control group, who was taking traditional educational courses, and to the sample group students who were taking classes using concept maps and conceptual change texts together. The data was collected from 50 students; the groups consisted of 25 in the sample group and 25 in the control group. It was found that the conceptual change texts accompanied by concept mapping instruction produced a positive effect on students’ understanding of the concept. The average percent of correct responses of the experimental group was 61.6% and that of the control group was 53.6% after treatment.

Ibrahim Tastan; Musa Dikmenli; Osman Cardak

2008-01-01

374

Fostering primary school students’ understanding of cells and other related concepts with interactive computer animation instruction accompanied by teacher and student-prepared concept maps  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of instruction (application) including interactive computer animation accompanied by teacher and student-prepared concept maps on primary students’ biology achievement during instruction, as well as revealing attitudes towards science as a school subject. A quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test control group design was used in this study. The experimental group had 31 students and the control group had 34 students. The experimental group received instruction including interactive computer animation accompanied by teacher- and student-prepared concept maps, while the control group received traditional instruction. A biology achievement test and an attitude scale toward science were used as data collection instruments. The present study indicates that the experimental group had significantly higher scores than the control group in the biology achievement test (regarding cells and other related concepts). Regarding students’ attitudes toward science as a school subject, there was no significant difference between the experimental and control groups in the pre- and post-test results. However there was a statistically significant difference between the gain scores of the control group and the experimental group in favor of the experimental group.

Ercan AKPINAR; Omer ERGIN

2008-01-01

375

[Conceptions concerning mental health held by professionals working within the family health strategy].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to analyze what professionals from a team within the Family Health Strategy (FHS) understand mental health to be. This descriptive and exploratory study with a qualitative approach was conducted with 16 professionals from a FHS team in the city of Guaiúba, CE, Brazil. Data were collected during January and February 2011 through focal groups in which the dialogues were recorded and later transcribed for analysis. The following categories emerged from content analysis: "Talking about mental health vs. Thinking about mental disorder" and "Understanding mental health more broadly". Some professionals revealed restricted mental disorder-centered conceptions, while others understood mental health more broadly, recognizing the dynamics of the health-disease continuum and identifying aspects that influence one's mental health.

Veloso TM; de Mello E Souza MC

2013-03-01

376

Mapping VIPS concepts for nursing interventions to the ISO reference terminology model for nursing actions: A collaborative Scandinavian analysis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The aims of this study were to analyze the coherence between the concepts for nursing interventions in the Swedish VIPS model for nursing recording and the ISO Reference Terminology Model for Nursing Actions and to identify areas in the two models for further development. Seven Scandinavian experts analyzed the VIPS model's concepts for nursing interventions using prototypical examples of nursing actions, involving 233 units of analyses, and collaborated in mapping the two models. All nursing interventions in the VIPS model comprise actions and targets, but a few lack explicit expressions of means. In most cases, the recipient of care is implicit. Expressions for the aim of an action are absent from the ISO model. By this mapping we identified areas for future development of the VIPS model and the experience from nursing terminology work in Scandinavia can contribute to the international standardization efforts.

Ehnfors, Margareta; Angermo, Lilly Marit

2006-01-01

377

The use of concept mapping and vee heuristics in higher education to promote critical reflection and meaningful learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Higher Education is currently undergoing relentless change worldwide in order to respond effectively to the aspirations of the 21st century. Consequently, prevalent literature in Higher Education calls for more emphasis on the students? learning process through increased metacognition and critical reflection. This paper starts off with the assumption that learning takes place through the integration of thinking, feeling and acting. As a result, this paper will present a model of teaching and learning in Higher Education through the integrated use of Vee Heuristics and Concept Mapping. This research will suggest that when using Concept Maps, Vee Heuristics along with an awareness of how students prefer to learn, the students will go through a metacognitive learning process which would eventually lead to critical reflection and meaningful learning. Using University students? work products, this study traces the effect of a learner?s mental operations on the learner?s use of Vee Heuristics and Concept Mapping as the learner embeds and retrieves new and scaffolded knowledge. The data collected reveals the powerful effect which this combination of learning tolos yielded on student achievement and transformation.

Jacqueline Vanhear

2013-01-01

378

Using concept mapping to explore why patients become lost to follow up from an antiretroviral therapy program in the Zomba District of Malawi.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Retention in antiretroviral therapy (ART) programmes remains a challenge in many settings including Malawi, in part due to high numbers of losses to follow-up. Concept Mapping (CM), a mix-method participatory approach, was used to explore why patients on ART are lost to follow-up (LTFU) by identifying: 1) factors that influence patient losses to follow-up and 2) barriers to effective and efficient tracing in Zomba, Malawi. METHODS: CM sessions (brainstorming, sorting and rating, interpretation) were conducted in urban and rural settings in Zomba, Malawi. Participants included ART patients, ART providers, Health Surveillance Assistants, and health managers from the Zomba District Health Office. In brainstorming, participants generated statements in response to "A specific reason why an individual on ART becomes lost to follow-up is…" Participants then sorted and rated the consolidated list of brainstormed items. Analysis included inductive qualitative methods for grouping of data and quantitative cluster identification to produce visual maps which were then interpreted by participants. RESULTS: In total, 90 individuals brainstormed 371 statements, 64 consolidated statements were sorted (participant n?=?46), and rated on importance and feasibility (participant n?=?69). A nine-cluster concept map was generated and included both patient- and healthcare-related clusters such as: Stigma and Fears, Beliefs, Acceptance and Knowledge of ART, Access to ART, Poor Documentation, Social and Financial Support Issues, Health Worker Attitudes, Resources Needed for Effective Tracing, and Health Worker Issues Related to Tracing. Strategies to respond to the clusters were generated in Interpretation. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple patient- and healthcare focused factors influence why patients become LTFU. Findings have implications particularly for programs with limited resources struggling with the retention of ART patients.

Rachlis B; Ahmad F; van Lettow M; Muula AS; Semba M; Cole DC

2013-01-01

379

Integrating non-animal test information into an adaptive testing strategy - skin sensitization proof of concept case.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

There is an urgent need to develop data integration and testing strategy frameworks allowing interpretation of results from animal alternative test batteries. To this end, we developed a Bayesian Network Integrated Testing Strategy (BN ITS) with the goal to estimate skin sensitization hazard as a test case of previously developed concepts (Jaworska et al., 2010). The BN ITS combines in silico, in chemico, and in vitro data related to skin penetration, peptide reactivity, and dendritic cell activation, and guides testing strategy by Value of Information (VoI). The approach offers novel insights into testing strategies: there is no one best testing strategy, but the optimal sequence of tests depends on information at hand, and is chemical-specific. Thus, a single generic set of tests as a replacement strategy is unlikely to be most effective. BN ITS offers the possibility of evaluating the impact of generating additional data on the target information uncertainty reduction before testing is commenced.

Jaworska J; Harol A; Kern PS; Gerberick GF

2011-01-01

380

Streambank erosion hazard mapping: concepts, methodology and application on the Venoge River (Switzerland)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Streambank erosion hazard mapping has received much less attention than flood inundation mapping in the past due to the complexity of the task as well as bank protection works that have reduced bank erosion and unfortunately, the ecological functions of our watercourses at the same time. Damages due...

Beck, John Raymond

 
 
 
 
381

A two-dimensional mutate-and-map strategy for non-coding RNA structure.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Non-coding RNAs fold into precise base-pairing patterns to carry out critical roles in genetic regulation and protein synthesis, but determining RNA structure remains difficult. Here, we show that coupling systematic mutagenesis with high-throughput chemical mapping enables accurate base-pair inference of domains from ribosomal RNA, ribozymes and riboswitches. For a six-RNA benchmark that has challenged previous chemical/computational methods, this 'mutate-and-map' strategy gives secondary structures that are in agreement with crystallography (helix error rates, 2%), including a blind test on a double-glycine riboswitch. Through modelling of partially ordered states, the method enables the first test of an interdomain helix-swap hypothesis for ligand-binding cooperativity in a glycine riboswitch. Finally, the data report on tertiary contacts within non-coding RNAs, and coupling to the Rosetta/FARFAR algorithm gives nucleotide-resolution three-dimensional models (helix root-mean-squared deviation, 5.7 Å) of an adenine riboswitch. These results establish a promising two-dimensional chemical strategy for inferring the secondary and tertiary structures that underlie non-coding RNA behaviour.

Kladwang W; VanLang CC; Cordero P; Das R

2011-12-01

382

A two-dimensional mutate-and-map strategy for non-coding RNA structure  

Science.gov (United States)

Non-coding RNAs fold into precise base-pairing patterns to carry out critical roles in genetic regulation and protein synthesis, but determining RNA structure remains difficult. Here, we show that coupling systematic mutagenesis with high-throughput chemical mapping enables accurate base-pair inference of domains from ribosomal RNA, ribozymes and riboswitches. For a six-RNA benchmark that has challenged previous chemical/computational methods, this ‘mutate-and-mapstrategy gives secondary structures that are in agreement with crystallography (helix error rates, 2%), including a blind test on a double-glycine riboswitch. Through modelling of partially ordered states, the method enables the first test of an interdomain helix-swap hypothesis for ligand-binding cooperativity in a glycine riboswitch. Finally, the data report on tertiary contacts within non-coding RNAs, and coupling to the Rosetta/FARFAR algorithm gives nucleotide-resolution three-dimensional models (helix root-mean-squared deviation, 5.7 Å) of an adenine riboswitch. These results establish a promising two-dimensional chemical strategy for inferring the secondary and tertiary structures that underlie non-coding RNA behaviour.

Kladwang, Wipapat; Vanlang, Christopher C.; Cordero, Pablo; Das, Rhiju

2011-12-01

383

The effect of individual and group concept mapping on students' conceptual understanding of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in three different academic levels of biology classes  

Science.gov (United States)

Student learning about photosynthesis and cellular respiration was measured after instruction involving individual, group or no concept mapping. This study involved 304 high school Biology students from three different Biology courses in a Mid-west high school. Students were classified as low, medium or high level of academic achievement. The control group consisted of 117 students who did not construct concept maps during a three-week unit on Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. The first of two experimental groups consisted of 92 students who created individual maps and the second consisted of 95 students who constructed maps in small groups during the unit. Pre- and post-tests were administered to the students using a gain score as the dependent variable. Covariates used in the statistical analysis were the students' Missouri Mastery and Achievement Tests scores, Iowa Test of Basic Skills scores and the students' current math level. Results from the analysis of co-variance showed a significant difference between the academic level of the student and the type of concept mapping on the dependent variable. In high academic level Biology classes, group mapping students obtained significant lower gain scores (M = 2.3) than the control group (M = 4.9). In the medium level Biology classes, group mapping students showed little difference in gain scores (M = 0.7) from the control group (M = 0.8). In the lower-level Biology classes, group mapping students (M = 2.3) showed significantly greater gain scores than those in the control group (M = 0.8). These results indicate that constructing concept maps in small groups can significantly increase the knowledge gained by lower-level students. An opposite effect is seen on high-level students who create concept maps in small groups. Creating concept maps as individuals appears to have no significant effect on achievement scores on the Biology students observed in this study.

Brown, David Scott

2000-10-01

384

Strategies for Reliable Exploitation of Evolutionary Concepts in High Throughput Biology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The recent availability of the complete genome sequences of a large number of model organisms, together with the immense amount of data being produced by the new high-throughput technologies, means that we can now begin comparative analyses to understand the mechanisms involved in the evolution of the genome and their consequences in the study of biological systems. Phylogenetic approaches provide a unique conceptual framework for performing comparative analyses of all this data, for propagating information between different systems and for predicting or inferring new knowledge. As a result, phylogeny-based inference systems are now playing an increasingly important role in most areas of high throughput genomics, including studies of promoters (phylogenetic footprinting), interactomes (based on the presence and degree of conservation of interacting proteins), and in comparisons of transcriptomes or proteomes (phylogenetic proximity and co-regulation/co-expression). Here we review the recent developments aimed at making automatic, reliable phylogeny-based inference feasible in large-scale projects. We also discuss how evolutionary concepts and phylogeny-based inference strategies are now being exploited in order to understand the evolution and function of biological systems. Such advances will be fundamental for the success of the emerging disciplines of systems biology and synthetic biology, and will have wide-reaching effects in applied ?elds such as biotechnology, medicine and pharmacology.

Anthony Levasseur; Pierre Pontarotti; Olivier Poch; Julie D. Thompson

2008-01-01

385

Integrating Thematic Strategy and Modularity Concept into Interactive Video-based Learning System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available For preventing the superficial learning attitude known as “couch-potato-attitude”, this study integrated the thematic instructional strategy and modularity concept into the video-based instructional material. An exploratory test was carried out with 73 college majoring in design students. Research data were collected through the questionnaire and tests. The findings of this study revealed that the interactive thematic video could promote students more engaged and acquired more information and remembered more ideas. Under the self-controlled learning environment, students could easily hyperlink the particular segment they need so as to reduce students’ extraneous cognitive load. In addition, the interactive thematic video presented the related textual and pictorial learning elements simultaneously which could benefit to reinforce their learning. Accordingly, the students in the experimental group could get the higher posttest scores. Furthermore, the interactive thematic video could effectively attract and maintain the students’ attention; they felt that the course contents and activities were related to their life experience. Also, they were confident to achieve the expected outcomes of the course and satisfied with the instruction.

Yuh-Tyng Chen; Lin-Fan Chen

2012-01-01

386

Send-On-Delta Concept: An Event-Based Data Reporting Strategy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper addresses the issue of the send-on-delta data collecting strategy tocapture information from the environment. Send-on-delta concept is the signal-dependenttemporal sampling scheme, where the sampling is triggered if the signal deviates by deltadefined as the significant change of its value. It is an attractive scheme for wireless sensornetworking due to effective energy consumption. The quantitative evaluations of send-on-delta scheme for a general type continuous-time bandlimited signal are presented in thepaper. The bounds on the mean traffic of reports for a given signal, and assumed samplingresolution, are evaluated. Furthermore, the send-on-delta effectiveness, defined as thereduction of the mean rate of reports in comparison to the periodic sampling for a givenresolution, is derived. It is shown that the lower bound of the send-on-delta effectiveness(i.e. the guaranteed reduction) is independent of the sampling resolution, and constitutes thebuilt-in feature of the input signal. The calculation of the effectiveness for standard signals,that model the state evolution of dynamic environment in time, is exemplified. Finally, theexample of send-on-delta programming is shown.

Marek Miskowicz

2006-01-01

387

Decision-making and feedback as foci for knowledge-based strategies supporting concept development  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Performance attributes of the product, such as robustness, reliability and safety are widely acknowledged as relevant considerations through the design process. Yet they are more important in early design stages to ensure the feasibility of design requirements and reduce later design rework in the product lifecycle. This influence is due to the available room for making decisions, together with the cascading effects of these through downstream design activities [Andreasen & Olesen, 1990]. Prior studies revealed the incompleteness of information from early stages for using current methods for robustness, reliability and safety, which also confirmed the problem of the extensive resource requirements in their use [Marini, Restrepo & Ahmed, 2010]. In response to this conclusion, a longitudinal study was performed in collaboration with the manufacturer of an insulin injection pen. This study followed the development of 20 solution alternatives for a new design of such device. This paper aims to describe the influence of design decisions and feedback originated from failures in solution alternatives during the concept development activity. It identifies the characteristics of the development process that influence practices in decision-making and feedback, and it discusses strategies to evaluate and mitigate failures in solution alternatives.

Marini, Vinicius Kaster; Ahmed-Kristensen, Saeema

2012-01-01

388

Intervention mapping for the development of a strategy to implement the insurance medicine guidelines for depression.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: This article describes the development of a strategy to implement the insurance medicine guidelines for depression. Use of the guidelines is intended to result in more transparent and uniform assessment of claimants with depressive symptoms. METHODS: The implementation strategy was developed using the Intervention Mapping (IM) method for alignment with insurance-medical practice. The ASE behavioural explanation model (Attitude, Social Influence and Self-Efficacy) was used as theoretical basis for the development work. A literature study of implementation strategies and interviews with insurance physicians were performed to develop instruments for use with the guideline. These instruments were designed to match the needs and the working circumstances of insurance physicians. Performance indicators to measure the quality of the assessment and the adherence to the guidelines were defined with input from insurance physicians. RESULTS: This study resulted in the development of a training course to teach insurance physicians how to apply the guidelines for depression, using the aforementioned instruments. The efficacy of this training course will be evaluated in a Randomized Controlled Trial. CONCLUSIONS: The use of IM made it possible to develop guideline support instruments tailored to insurance medical practice.

Zwerver F; Schellart AJ; Anema JR; Rammeloo KC; van der Beek AJ

2011-01-01

389

Intervention mapping for the development of a strategy to implement the insurance medicine guidelines for depression  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This article describes the development of a strategy to implement the insurance medicine guidelines for depression. Use of the guidelines is intended to result in more transparent and uniform assessment of claimants with depressive symptoms. Methods The implementation strategy was developed using the Intervention Mapping (IM) method for alignment with insurance-medical practice. The ASE behavioural explanation model (Attitude, Social Influence and Self-Efficacy) was used as theoretical basis for the development work. A literature study of implementation strategies and interviews with insurance physicians were performed to develop instruments for use with the guideline. These instruments were designed to match the needs and the working circumstances of insurance physicians. Performance indicators to measure the quality of the assessment and the adherence to the guidelines were defined with input from insurance physicians. Results This study resulted in the development of a training course to teach insurance physicians how to apply the guidelines for depression, using the aforementioned instruments. The efficacy of this training course will be evaluated in a Randomized Controlled Trial. Conclusions The use of IM made it possible to develop guideline support instruments tailored to insurance medical practice.

Zwerver Feico; Schellart Antonius JM; Anema Johannes R; Rammeloo Kathelijne C; van der Beek Allard J

2011-01-01

390

Innovative operation in A Private University of Technology-An Application of Strategy Map on Balanced Scorecard  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Under the severe competition in higher education market currently, the universities of technology must seek their competitive strengths from every relevant segment as enterprises and improve their operation strategy. This case study aimed to explore the present operation strategies used in the subject school, estimated if the strategies were developed according to the goals and vision of the school, and finally the strategy map oriented on balanced scorecard was designed. The research was conducted by literature reviewing, interviewing method, SWOT analysis, and concluding the results with the strategy map oriented on BSC. The study suggested subsuming the standard operation procedure into the administration procedure, it will be beneficial to achieve the goals and vision of the school development and improve school administration efficiency.

Yu-Fen Chen; Shin-Chyang Lee; Huai-En Mo

2012-01-01

391

In Search of Patient Characteristics That May Guide Empirically Based Treatment Selection for Personality Disorder Patients-A Concept Map Approach.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Using the concept map method, this study aimed to summarize and describe patient characteristics pertinent to treatment selection for patients with personality disorders (PDs). Initial patient characteristics were derived from the research literature and a survey among Dutch expert clinicians. Concept mapping is a formalized conceptualization procedure that describes the underlying cognitive structures people use in complex tasks, such as treatment allocation. Based on expert opinions of 29 Dutch clinicians, a concept map was generated that yielded eight domains of patient characteristics, i.e., Severity of symptoms, Severity of personality pathology, Ego-adaptive capacities, Motivation and working alliance, Social context, Social demographic characteristics, Trauma, and Treatment history and medical condition. These domains can be ordered along two bipolar axes, running from internal to external concepts and from vulnerability to strength concepts, respectively. Our findings may serve as input for the delineation of algorithms for patient-treatment matching research in PD.

van Manen JG; Kamphuis JH; Goossensen A; Timman R; Busschbach JJ; Verheul R

2012-05-01

392

In search of patient characteristics that may guide empirically based treatment selection for personality disorder patients-a concept map approach.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Using the concept map method, this study aimed to summarize and describe patient characteristics pertinent to treatment selection for patients with personality disorders (PDs). Initial patient characteristics were derived from the research literature and a survey among Dutch expert clinicians. Concept mapping is a formalized conceptualization procedure that describes the underlying cognitive structures people use in complex tasks, such as treatment allocation. Based on expert opinions of 29 Dutch clinicians, a concept map was generated that yielded eight domains of patient characteristics, i.e., Severity of symptoms, Severity of personality pathology, Ego-adaptive capacities, Motivation and working alliance, Social context, Social demographic characteristics, Trauma, and Treatment history and medical condition. These domains can be ordered along two bipolar axes, running from internal to external concepts and from vulnerability to strength concepts, respectively. Our findings may serve as input for the delineation of algorithms for patient-treatment matching research in PD.

van Manen JG; Kamphuis JH; Goossensen A; Timman R; Busschbach JJ; Verheul R

2012-08-01

393

Concept mapping applied to the intersection between older adults' outdoor walking and the built and social environments.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: For older adults, the ability to navigate walking routes in the outdoor environment allows them to remain active and socially engaged, facilitating community participation and independence. In order to enhance outdoor walking, it is important to understand the interaction of older adults within their local environments and the influence of broader stakeholder priorities that impact these environments. Thus, we aimed to synthesize perspectives from stakeholders to identify elements of the built and social environments that influence older adults' ability to walk outdoors. METHOD: We applied a concept mapping approach with the input of diverse stakeholders (N=75) from British Columbia, Canada in 2012. RESULTS: A seven-cluster map best represented areas that influence older adults' outdoor walking. Priority areas identified included sidewalks, crosswalks, and neighborhood features. CONCLUSION: Individual perceptions and elements of the built and social environments intersect to influence walking behaviors, although targeted studies that address this area are needed.

Hanson HM; Schiller C; Winters M; Sims-Gould J; Clarke P; Curran E; Donaldson MG; Pitman B; Scott V; McKay HA; Ashe MC

2013-09-01

394

Concept map analysis in the assessment of speech-language pathology students' learning in a problem-based learning curriculum: A longitudinal study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abstract The aim of this study was to track students' critical thinking performance longitudinally through concept map analysis in a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. Concept map analysis has been employed in the assessment of students' critical thinking in medical education. Little is known concerning concept mapping (CM) in speech-language pathology (SLP) education. In this quantitative study, students in a 4-year SLP education program (N?=?38) were followed until the completion of a fully-integrated PBL curriculum from Years 1 to 3. Students' concept maps were analyzed using a tool developed for this study, the Concept Map Assessment Profile (CMAP). There was an increase in concept map scores across the 3 years at the beginning of the academic year. The CM performance over the 3 years predicted 21.0% to 33.6% of variance in three measures of learning outcomes. The CMAP is a reliable measure, with strong inter-rater and intra-rater reliability (r?=?0.85 and r?=?0.96, respectively). In addition to its use as an assessment tool, the CMAP might be used to facilitate students' learning as feedback concerning strengths and weaknesses in the development of critical thinking can be provided.

Mok CK; Whitehill TL; Dodd BJ

2013-07-01

395

Narcotic analgesic utilization amongst injured workers: using concept mapping to understand current issues from the perspectives of physicians and pharmacists  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Work-related injuries result in considerable morbidity, as well as social and economic costs. Pain associated with these injuries is a complex, contested topic, and narcotic analgesics (NA) remain important treatment options. Factors contributing to NA utilization patterns are poorly understood. This qualitative study sought to characterize the factors contributing to NA utilization amongst injured workers from the perspectives of physicians and pharmacists. Methods The study employed concept mapping methodology, a structured process yielding a conceptual framework of participants' views on a particular topic. A visual display of the ideas/concepts generated is produced. Eligible physicians and pharmacists (n = 22) serving injured workers in the province of Ontario (Canada) were recruited via purposive sampling, and participated in concept mapping activities (consisting of brainstorming, sorting, rating, and map exploration). Participants identified factors influencing NA utilization, and sorted these factors into categories (clusters). Next, they rated the factors on two scales: 'strength of influence on NA over-utilization' and 'amenability to intervention'. During follow-up focus groups, participants refined the maps and discussed the findings and their implications. Results 82 factors were sorted into 7 clusters: addiction risks, psychosocial issues, social/work environment factors, systemic-third party factors, pharmacy-related factors, treatment problems, and physician factors. These clusters were grouped into 2 overarching categories/regions on the map: patient-level factors, and healthcare/compensation system-level factors. Participants rated NA over-utilization as most influenced by patient-level factors, while system-level factors were rated as most amenable to intervention. One system-level cluster was rated highly on both scales (treatment problems - e.g. poor continuity of care, poor interprofessional communication, lack of education/support for physicians regarding pain management, unavailability of multidisciplinary team-based care, prolonged wait times to see specialists). Conclusions Participants depicted factors driving NA utilization among injured workers as complex. Patient-level factors were perceived as most influential on over-utilization, while system-level factors were considered most amenable to intervention. This has implications for intervention design, suggesting that systemic/structural factors should be taken into account in order to address this important health issue.

Parsons Janet A; Mamdani Muhammad; Bhattacharyya Onil; Fortin Claire; Melo Magda; Salmon Christina; Raptis Stavroula R; Bain Donna; O'Campo Patricia

2011-01-01

396

Narcotic analgesic utilization amongst injured workers: using concept mapping to understand current issues from the perspectives of physicians and pharmacists.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Work-related injuries result in considerable morbidity, as well as social and economic costs. Pain associated with these injuries is a complex, contested topic, and narcotic analgesics (NA) remain important treatment options. Factors contributing to NA utilization patterns are poorly understood. This qualitative study sought to characterize the factors contributing to NA utilization amongst injured workers from the perspectives of physicians and pharmacists. METHODS: The study employed concept mapping methodology, a structured process yielding a conceptual framework of participants' views on a particular topic. A visual display of the ideas/concepts generated is produced. Eligible physicians and pharmacists (n = 22) serving injured workers in the province of Ontario (Canada) were recruited via purposive sampling, and participated in concept mapping activities (consisting of brainstorming, sorting, rating, and map exploration). Participants identified factors influencing NA utilization, and sorted these factors into categories (clusters). Next, they rated the factors on two scales: 'strength of influence on NA over-utilization' and 'amenability to intervention'. During follow-up focus groups, participants refined the maps and discussed the findings and their implications. RESULTS: 82 factors were sorted into 7 clusters: addiction risks, psychosocial issues, social/work environment factors, systemic-third party factors, pharmacy-related factors, treatment problems, and physician factors. These clusters were grouped into 2 overarching categories/regions on the map: patient-level factors, and healthcare/compensation system-level factors. Participants rated NA over-utilization as most influenced by patient-level factors, while system-level factors were rated as most amenable to intervention. One system-level cluster was rated highly on both scales (treatment problems - e.g. poor continuity of care, poor interprofessional communication, lack of education/support for physicians regarding pain management, unavailability of multidisciplinary team-based care, prolonged wait times to see specialists). CONCLUSIONS: Participants depicted factors driving NA utilization among injured workers as complex. Patient-level factors were perceived as most influential on over-utilization, while system-level factors were considered most amenable to intervention. This has implications for intervention design, suggesting that systemic/structural factors should be taken into account in order to address this important health issue.

Parsons JA; Mamdani M; Bhattacharyya O; Fortin CM; Melo M; Salmon C; Raptis SR; Bain D; O'Campo P

2011-01-01

397

Application of a concept development process to evaluate process layout designs using value stream mapping and simulation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: We propose and demonstrate a concept development process (CDP) as a framework to solve a value stream mapping (VSM) related process layout design optimization problem.Design/methodology/approach: A case study approach was used to demonstrate the effectiveness of CDP framework in a portable fire extinguisher manufacturing company. To facilitate the CDP application, we proposed the system coupling level index (SCLI) and simulation to evaluate the process layout design concepts.Findings: As part of the CDP framework application, three process layout design concepts - current layout (CL), express lane layout (ELL) and independent zone layout (IZL) - were generated. Then, the SCLI excluded CL and simulation selected IZL as the best concept. The simulation was also applied to optimize the performance of IZL in terms of the number of pallets. Based on this case study, we concluded that CDP framework worked well.Research limitations/implications: The process layout design optimization issue has not been well addressed in the VSM literature. We believe that this paper initiated the relevant discussion by showing the feasibility of CDP as a framework in this issue.Practical implications: The CDP and SCLI are very practice-oriented approaches in the sense that they do not require any complex analytical knowledge.Originality/value: We discussed a not well-addressed issue with a systematic framework. In addition, the SCLI presented was also unique.

Ki-Young Jeong; Don T Phillips

2011-01-01

398

Case studies combined with or without concept maps improve critical thinking in hospital-based nurses: a randomized-controlled trial.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Critical thinking (CT) is essential to the exercise of professional judgment. As nurses face increasingly complex health-care situations, critical thinking can promote appropriate clinical decision-making and improve the quality of nursing care. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a program of case studies, alone (CS) or combined with concept maps (CSCM), on improving CT in clinical nurses. DESIGN: The study was a randomized controlled trial. The experimental group participated in a 16-week CSCM program, whereas the control group participated in a CS program of equal duration. METHODS: A randomized-controlled trial with a multistage randomization process was used to select and to assign participants, ultimately resulting in 67 nurses in each group. Data were collected before and after the program using the California Critical Thinking Skill Test (CCTST) and the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI). RESULTS: After the programs, there were significant differences between the two groups in the critical thinking skills of analysis, evaluation, inference, deduction, and induction. There was also an overall significant difference, and a significant difference in the specific disposition of open-mindedness. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports the application of case studies combined with concept maps as a hospital-based teaching strategy to promote development of critical thinking skills and encourage dispositions for nurses. The CSCM resulted in greater improvements in all critical thinking skills of as well as the overall and open-minded affective dispositions toward critical thinking, compared with the case studies alone. An obvious improvement in the CSCM participants was the analytic skill and disposition. Further longitudinal studies and data collection from multisite evaluations in a range of geographic locales are warranted.

Huang YC; Chen HH; Yeh ML; Chung YC

2012-06-01

399

Fine mapping quantitative trait loci under selective phenotyping strategies based on linkage and linkage disequilibrium criteria  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In fine mapping of a large-scale experimental population where collection of phenotypes are very expensive, difficult to record or time-demanding, selective phenotyping could be used to phenotype the most informative individuals. Linkage analyses based sampling criteria (LAC) and linkage disequilibrium-based sampling criteria (LDC) for selecting individuals to phenotype are compared to random phenotyping in a quantitative trait loci (QTL) verification experiment using stochastic simulation. Several strategies based on LAC and LDC for selecting the most informative 30%, 40% or 50% of individuals for phenotyping to extract maximum power and precision in a QTL fine mapping experiment were developed and assessed. Linkage analyses for the mapping was performed for individuals sampled on LAC within families and combined linkage disequilibrium and linkage analyses was performed for individuals sampled across the whole population based on LDC. The results showed that selecting individuals with similar haplotypes to the paternal haplotypes (minimum recombination criterion) using LAC compared to random phenotyping gave at least the same power to detect a QTL but decreased the accuracy of the QTL position. However, in order to estimate unbiased QTL parameters based on LAC in a large half-sib family, prior information on QTL position was required. The LDC improved the accuracy to estimate the QTL position but not significantly compared to random phenotyping with the same sample size. When applying LDC (all phenotyping levels), the estimated QTL effect were closer to the true value in comparison to LAC. The results showed that the LDC were better than the LAC to select individuals for phenotyping and contributed to detection of the QTL Udgivelsesdato: December

Ansari-Mahyari, S; Berg, P

2009-01-01

400

Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST). Concept, Goal, and Strategy. The OECD's EST Project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

OECD countries recognized in the mid-1990s that transport trends were not sustainable and that existing policy frameworks seemed unlikely to be able to move society towards more sustainable transport systems. A new approach to transport policy was required that would be consistent with the broad definition of sustainable development. To this end, the project on Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST) was initiated to give some precision to the concept of EST through the use of criteria that have environmental significance and can be quantified. A method known as 'backcasting' was used to develop policies and strategies for achieving a desired future state through targeted action. This paper summarizes the results of the project, which involved twelve OECD countries that undertook case studies at local, regional, national and international scales. The project concluded that some 40 per cent of the effort necessary to meet the EST criteria will come from technology and 60 per cent from demand-side management and a shift towards more sustainable transport modes. EST is attainable, but only if a broad range of instruments is deployed. These include regulations and standards, fiscal measures, changes in governance arrangements, and education, the provision of information, awareness raising, and attitude change, all assembled into coherent packages of instruments applied with careful consideration to phasing. Significant structural changes and adaptations will be required to realize EST. They will reduce social costs and provide net benefits for the environment and for quality of life in general. The required changes will provide major opportunities for new business, including integrated mobility services, freight logistics, and information technology. A key outcome of the project was a set of guidelines for moving towards EST.

Wiederkehr, P.; Caid, N. [Environment Directorate, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD, Paris (France); Gilbert, R. [Centre for Sustainable Transportation, Toronto (Canada); Crist, P. [Directorate of Science, Technology and Industry, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD, Paris (France)

2004-07-01

 
 
 
 
401

Visualizing Library and Information Science concept spaces through keyword and citation based maps and clusters  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Co-citation analysis has been widely accepted as the foremost method for bibliometric mapping of research fields, whereas analyses based on keywords has been discussed, without gaining any overall acceptance. There is, however advantages with keywords, such as being understandable by others than tho...

Åström, Fredrik

402

Identifying Senior High School Students' Misconceptions about Statistical Correlation, and Their Possible Causes: An Exploratory Study Using Concept Mapping with Interviews  

Science.gov (United States)

|Correlation is an essential concept in statistics; however, students may hold misconceptions about correlation, even after receiving instruction. This study aimed to elucidate (1) the misconceptions held by senior high school students about correlation, using the tool of concept mapping along with interviewing, (2) the possible causes of these…

Liu, Tzu-Chien; Lin, Yi-Chun; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2009-01-01

403

Identifying Senior High School Students' Misconceptions about Statistical Correlation, and Their Possible Causes: An Exploratory Study Using Concept Mapping with Interviews  

Science.gov (United States)

Correlation is an essential concept in statistics; however, students may hold misconceptions about correlation, even after receiving instruction. This study aimed to elucidate (1) the misconceptions held by senior high school students about correlation, using the tool of concept mapping along with interviewing, (2) the possible causes of these…

Liu, Tzu-Chien; Lin, Yi-Chun; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2009-01-01

404

Social Metaphorical Mapping of the Concept of Force "CHI-KA-RA" in Japanese  

Science.gov (United States)

This research focused on the concept of "force" ("CHI-KA-RA" in Japanese) in Newtonian mechanics. The primary objective was to develop a tool, based on metaphor, to interpret student thinking in learning scientific topics. The study provides an example of using the tool to trace the process of mutual changes in thinking during a dialog among…

Suzuki, Mariko

2005-01-01

405

Investigating the Efficacy of Concept Mapping with Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

|Pupils with autism often present significant challenges to teachers. They seem to have real strengths in visual processing but a cognitive style that encourages them to focus on detail rather than the overarching connections between concepts. Veronica Roberts, currently undertaking doctoral training at the Institute of Education, University of…

Roberts, Veronica; Joiner, Richard

2007-01-01

406

Assessment of Integrated Learning: Suggested Application of Concept Mapping to Prior Learning Assessment Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

|Prior learning assessment (PLA) students enter academia with different types of concepts--some of them have been formally accepted and labeled by academia and others are informally formulated by students via independent and/or experiential learning. The critical goal of PLA practices is to assess an intricate combination of prior learning…

Popova-Gonci, Viktoria; Lamb, Monica C.

2012-01-01

407

Assessment of Integrated Learning: Suggested Application of Concept Mapping to Prior Learning Assessment Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

Prior learning assessment (PLA) students enter academia with different types of concepts--some of them have been formally accepted and labeled by academia and others are informally formulated by students via independent and/or experiential learning. The critical goal of PLA practices is to assess an intricate combination of prior learning…

Popova-Gonci, Viktoria; Lamb, Monica C.

2012-01-01

408

Investigating the Efficacy of Concept Mapping with Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

Pupils with autism often present significant challenges to teachers. They seem to have real strengths in visual processing but a cognitive style that encourages them to focus on detail rather than the overarching connections between concepts. Veronica Roberts, currently undertaking doctoral training at the Institute of Education, University of…

Roberts, Veronica; Joiner, Richard

2007-01-01

409

Conception of ecological strategy «Olympic sport for maintainance of nature» during leadthrough of winter Olympic Games 2022 in Ukrainian Carpathians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An analysis is conducted scientific and to scientifically-methodical literatures on issue of ecological strategy of organization and leadthrough of winter Olympiads. Conception of ecological strategy of organization and leadthrough of winter Olympiad is developed 2022 (Ukraine, Carpathians). It was offered, that ecological strategy of organization and leadthrough of Olympiad had an ecological motto «Olympic sport for the maintainance of nature». Strategy included the ways of decision of problem of negative influence of global change of climate on the olympic winter types of sport. The problems of providing of ecological safety of sporting activity are considered in relation to a man and wild-life. Solution is offered questions of the ecological marketing, management and ecological inlightening. The ecological ground of choice of Lvov is conducted as a city of organizer of winter Olympiad 2022. As a mountain-skier center a mountain-skier complex Borzhava, located in the area Carpathians of Ukraine, is offered.

Tsyganenko O.I.; Sklyarova N.A.; Persheguba Y. V.; Oksamitnaya L. F.; Putro L.M.

2012-01-01

410

Applying Conceptual Conflict Strategies in the Learning of the Energy Concept  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports on a study that addresses the implications of instructional strategies that are used to create cognitive disequilibrations to achieve conceptual change. Discusses several difficulties in the application of such conceptual change strategies.

Trumper, Ricardo

2006-10-11

411

Application of genetic algorithm with genetic modification and quality map in production strategy optimization; Aplicacao de algoritmo genetico com modificacao genetica e mapa de qualidade na otimizacao de estrategia de producao  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The definition of position and number of wells is the most important stage on production strategy selection, since it will affect the reservoir behavior, which influences future decisions. However this process is time-consuming and it is often a trial-and-error approach. Many studies have been made in order to reduce the engineer's effort in this stage, by minimizing the number of simulation runs through proxy models or by automating the whole process, using some optimization algorithm. This work proposes a methodology that integrates genetic algorithm and quality map to automate the production strategy optimization. It is also introduced the concept of genetic modification, which is the procedure to update the quality map according to the wells production of each evaluated strategy. The objective is to improve the evolutionary process, allowing the evaluation of more promising alternatives, improving the chance of obtaining better solutions without a substantial increase in the number of simulations. (author)

Nakajima, Lincoln; Maschio, Celio; Schiozer, Denis J. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia Mecanica. Dept. de Engenharia de Petroleo

2008-07-01

412

An explanatory model of academic achievement based on aptitudes, goal orientations, self-concept and learning strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

As a result of studies examining factors involved in the learning process, various structural models have been developed to explain the direct and indirect effects that occur between the variables in these models. The objective was to evaluate a structural model of cognitive and motivational variables predicting academic achievement, including general intelligence, academic self-concept, goal orientations, effort and learning strategies. The sample comprised of 341 Spanish students in the first year of compulsory secondary education. Different tests and questionnaires were used to evaluate each variable, and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was applied to contrast the relationships of the initial model. The model proposed had a satisfactory fit, and all the hypothesised relationships were significant. General intelligence was the variable most able to explain academic achievement. Also important was the direct influence of academic self-concept on achievement, goal orientations and effort, as well as the mediating ability of effort and learning strategies between academic goals and final achievement.

Miñano Pérez P; Castejón Costa JL; Gilar Corbí R

2012-03-01

413

An integrated approach to analyze strategy map using BSC – FUZZY AHP: A case study of auto industry  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In an environment, which is highly competitive and everything changes rapidly, managers of organizations face with problems such as how to identify important factors preventing organizations from optimum use of available resources and capacities and invest more on key factors. To achieve this goal, we need to develop an effective strategy map for organizations. The strategy map is a constructional and expanding procedure to identify relationships among all the organization's strategic goals, which play a key role in achieving competitive advantage. Undoubtedly, representing a model to identify and to evaluate the important items for each of available goals in strategy map of each organization is a significant help for management to access higher competition benefits. In this paper, strategic objectives in the strategy map of one of the best producer of electric auto part makers in Iran called Electric Vehicle Co. East are evaluated based on balanced score card perspective and to assign appropriate values to available factors we use a hybrid method consist of AHP technique with Fuzzy logic.

Mohammad Abdolshah; Mojtaba Javidnia; Mohammad Ali Astanbous; Mehdi Eslami

2012-01-01

414

Two-trait-locus linkage analysis: A powerful strategy for mapping complex genetic traits  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Nearly all diseases mapped to date follow clear Mendelian, single-locus segregation patterns. In contrast, many common familial diseases such as diabetes, psoriasis, several forms of cancer, and schizophrenia are familial and appear to have a genetic component but do not exhibit simple Mendelian transmission. More complex models are required to explain the genetics of these important diseases. In this paper, the authors explore two-trait-locus, two-marker-locus linkage analysis in which two trait loci are mapped simultaneously to separate genetic markers. The authors compare the utility of this approach to standard one-trait-locus, one-marker-locus linkage analysis with and without allowance for heterogeneity. The authors also compare the utility of the two-trait-locus, two-marker-locus analysis to two-trait-locus, one-marker-locus linkage analysis. For common diseases, pedigrees are often bilineal, with disease genes entering via two or more unrelated pedigree members. Since such pedigrees often are avoided in linkage studies, the authors also investigate the relative information content of unilineal and bilineal pedigrees. For the dominant-or-recessive and threshold models that the authors consider, the authors find that two-trait-locus, two-marker-locus linkage analysis can provide substantially more linkage information, as measured by expected maximum lod score, than standard one-trait-locus, one-marker-locus methods, even allowing for heterogeneity, while, for a dominant-or-dominant generating model, one-locus models that allow for heterogeneity extract essentially as much information as the two-trait-locus methods. For these three models, the authors also find that bilineal pedigrees provide sufficient linkage information to warrant their inclusion in such studies. The authors discuss strategies for assessing the significance of the two linkages assumed in two-trait-locus, two-marker-locus models. 37 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.

Schork, N.J.; Boehnke, M. (Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)); Terwilliger, J.D.; Ott, J. (Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States))

1993-11-01

415

A Study on Language Learning Strategy Use and Its Relation to Academic Self-concept: The Case of EFL Students in Taiwan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The current study investigates the language learning strategy use (LLSU) among EFL university freshmen and its relation to academic self-concept (ASC). Of six strategy categories, compensation strategies were reported as the most frequently used and social strategies were the least used. Participants with low and medium ASC used compensation strategies the most, while the participants of high ASC used metacognitive strategies the most. A significant positive relationship between strategy use and ASC was identified. All six strategy categories were found to be significant regarding different ASC of the research participants while only three particular strategy items were not. Among the strategy categories, metacognitive and cognitive strategies were found to have the highest correlations with ASC. Among the two components of ASC, academic effort was more highly related to overall strategy use than academic confidence. Educational implications and suggestions from the current study are presented to benefit the promotion of ASC and LLSU.

Hui-ju Liu; Chih-hui Chang

2013-01-01

416

Conception of forming of marketing strategy of development of the strictly specialized machine-building enterprises  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the article the basic theoretical going is considered near development and realization of marketing strategy of the strictly specialized machine-building enterprises; the stages of forming of strategy are described; the complex of economic problems of realization of strategic marketing approach is exposed at the market of the special industrial to the products.

V.J. Bytsa

2011-01-01

417

Conception of forming of marketing strategy of development of the strictly specialized machine-building enterprises  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the article the basic theoretical going is considered near development and realization of marketing strategy of the strictly specialized machine-building enterprises; the stages of forming of strategy are described; the complex of economic problems of realization of strategic marketing approach i...

V.J. Bytsa

418

An evaluation of an urban renewal program and its effects on neighborhood resident's overall wellbeing using concept mapping.  

Science.gov (United States)

Urban renewal programs aim to improve physical and socioeconomic position of neighborhoods. However, due to the intervention's complexity, there is often little evidence of their impact on health and health inequalities. This study aimed to identify the perception of a group of neighborhood residents towards a large-scale urban renewal program in Barcelona and to explore its effects and importance on their wellbeing using concept mapping methodology. Our results indicate that the majority of urban renewal projects within the initiative, including improved walkability, construction of new public spaces and more community programs, have positive and important effects on the overall wellbeing of participants. This study presents an innovative method that diverts from traditional outcome-based evaluations studies often used within this field. PMID:23727619

Mehdipanah, Roshanak; Malmusi, Davide; Muntaner, Carles; Borrell, Carme

2013-05-16

419

The Power of Visual Approaches in Qualitative Inquiry: The Use of Collage Making and Concept Mapping in Experiential Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The burgeoning interest in arts-informed research and the increasing variety of visual possibilities as a result of new technologies have paved the way for researchers to explore and use visual forms of inquiry. This article investigates how collage making and concept mapping are useful visual approaches that can inform qualitative research. They are experiential ways of doing/knowing that help to get at tacit aspects of both understanding and process and to make these more explicit to the researcher and more accessible to audiences. It outlines specific ways that each approach can be used with examples to illustrate how the approach informs the researcher's experience and that of the audience. The two approaches are compared and contrasted and issues that can arise in the work are discussed.

Lynn Butler-Kisber; Tiiu Poldma

2010-01-01

420

An evaluation of an urban renewal program and its effects on neighborhood resident's overall wellbeing using concept mapping.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Urban renewal programs aim to improve physical and socioeconomic position of neighborhoods. However, due to the intervention's complexity, there is often little evidence of their impact on health and health inequalities. This study aimed to identify the perception of a group of neighborhood residents towards a large-scale urban renewal program in Barcelona and to explore its effects and importance on their wellbeing using concept mapping methodology. Our results indicate that the majority of urban renewal projects within the initiative, including improved walkability, construction of new public spaces and more community programs, have positive and important effects on the overall wellbeing of participants. This study presents an innovative method that diverts from traditional outcome-based evaluations studies often used within this field.

Mehdipanah R; Malmusi D; Muntaner C; Borrell C

2013-09-01

 
 
 
 
421

A comparison of policy and direct practice stakeholder perceptions of factors affecting evidence-based practice implementation using concept mapping  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The goal of this study was to assess potential differences between administrators/policymakers and those involved in direct practice regarding factors believed to be barriers or facilitating factors to evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation in a large public mental health service system in the United States. Methods Participants included mental health system county officials, agency directors, program managers, clinical staff, administrative staff, and consumers. As part of concept mapping procedures, brainstorming groups were conducted with each target group to identify specific factors believed to be barriers or facilitating factors to EBP implementation in a large public mental health system. Statements were sorted by similarity and rated by each participant in regard to their perceived importance and changeability. Multidimensional scaling, cluster analysis, descriptive statistics and t-tests were used to analyze the data. Results A total of 105 statements were distilled into 14 clusters using concept-mapping procedures. Perceptions of importance of factors affecting EBP implementation varied between the two groups, with those involved in direct practice assigning significantly higher ratings to the importance of Clinical Perceptions and the impact of EBP implementation on clinical practice. Consistent with previous studies, financial concerns (costs, funding) were rated among the most important and least likely to change by both groups. Conclusions EBP implementation is a complex process, and different stakeholders may hold different opinions regarding the relative importance of the impact of EBP implementation. Implementation efforts must include input from stakeholders at multiple levels to bring divergent and convergent perspectives to light.

Green Amy E; Aarons Gregory A

2011-01-01

422

Language Learning Strategy Use and Concept Development among Jordanian Undergraduate English Language Majors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated, for two continuous years, the level of use of foreign language learning strategies (FLLSs). It also investigated their development in terms of the study-semester and gender variables by 45 Jordanian undergraduate English Language Majors. The Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) was used as an instrument for collecting the data necessary to answer the questions of the study. Appropriate statistical devices were employed to analyze the data. The findings revealed that Jordanian undergraduates majoring in English Language were High strategy users for most of the strategies. The Metacognitive strategies were ranked first followed by the Social, Compensation, Affective, Cognitive, and Memory strategies respectively. Differences between males’ and females’ responses were not significant in terms of the gender variable while the study-semester variable showed significant differences in favor of third and fourth semesters' responses. The findings were ascribed to a variety of factors such as: age, courses students study, determination to get high marks, and wide use of modern technology. The conclusions support the idea of unconscious learning of FLLSs through long exposure to English Language courses and students' preference of Metacognitive strategies.

Mohammad Al-Jabali

2012-01-01

423

Mapeamento conceitual da visão de sustentabilidade de diferentes atores do setor florestal brasileiro Concept mapping for the Brazilian forestry sector´s vision of sustainability  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A opção por uma estratégia que conduza a mudanças efetivas no setor florestal requer o estabelecimento de uma visão compartilhada de sustentabilidade, que contribua para a consolidação de instituições e que oriente as respostas empresariais. Este estudo foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de identificar quais seriam os elementos que compõem a visão de sustentabilidade para o setor, a partir da opinião de diversos atores sociais que participam de seu campo organizacional. Aplicou-se a técnica de Mapeamento Conceitual, utilizando o programa CONCEPT SYSTEM versão 1.75 para processamento dos dados. As declarações geradas foram agrupadas em seis temas, que abrangeram elementos do manejo florestal ambientalmente adequado, socialmente justo e economicamente viável. Para compor a visão de sustentabilidade do setor florestal brasileiro, os participantes consideraram mais importantes os grupos de conceitos "Floresta e Sociedade" e "Conservação Ambiental". As respostas foram comparadas por segmento e considerou-se o nível de importância aplicado aos elementos da visão de sustentabilidade como um reflexo das regras, dos padrões e dos valores cognitivos dos representantes dos interesses econômicos, sociais e ambientais.Opting for a strategy that produces effective changes in the Brazilian forestry sector requires establishing a shared vision of sustainability which will contribute to consolidating institutions that guide corporate responses. The objective of this study was to identify elements which compose the vision of sustainability for the sector, based on the opinions of several social participants of organizational field. The technique of concept mapping was applied using the CONCEPT SYSTEM program (version 1.75) to process data. The statements generated were grouped into six major themes covering elements of forest management considered environmentally adequate, socially just and economically viable. In composing the vision of sustainability, the participants considered the concept groupings of "Forestry and Society" and "Environmental Conservation" as the most important ones. Responses were compared by sector segments and the level of importance attributed to the elements of the vision was considered as a reflection of the rules, standards and cognitive values held by representatives of economic, social and environmental interests.

Aurea Maria Brandi Nardelli; James Jackson Griffith

2003-01-01

424

Surfactant replacement and open lung concept – Comparison of two treatment strategies in an experimental model of neonatal ARDS  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Several concepts of treatment in neonatal ARDS have been proposed in the last years. The present study compared the effects of open lung concept positive pressure ventilation (PPVOLC) with a conventional ventilation strategy combined with administration of two different surfactant preparations on lung function and surfactant homoeostasis. Methods After repeated whole-lung saline lavage, 16 newborn piglets were assigned to either PPVOLC (n = 5) or surfactant treatment under conventional PPV using a natural bovine (n = 5) or a monomeric protein B based surfactant (n = 6). Results Comprehensive monitoring showed each treatment strategy to improve gas exchange and lung function, although the effect on PaO2 and pulmonary compliance declined over the study period in the surfactant groups. The overall improvement of the ventilation efficiency index (VEI) was significantly greater in the PPVOLC group. Phospholipid and protein analyses of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid showed significant alterations to surfactant homoeostasis in the PPVOLC group, whereas IL-10 and SP-C mRNA expression was tendentially increased in the surfactant groups. Conclusion The different treatment strategies applied could be shown to improve gas exchange and lung function in neonatal ARDS. To which extent differences in maintenance of lung function and surfactant homeostasis may lead to long-term consequences needs to be studied further.

Hilgendorff Anne; Aslan Ece; Schaible Thomas; Gortner Ludwig; Baehner Thorsten; Ebsen Michael; Kreuder Jochen; Ruppert Clemens; Guenther Andreas; Reiss Irwin

2008-01-01

425

Attitudes to concept maps as a teaching/learning activity in undergraduate health professional education: influence of preferred approach to learning.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Pre-prepared concept maps that organise knowledge in a non-linear fashion appeal to a variety of cognitive learning styles and may thus represent an educational tool that supports 'teaching to all types'. However, another central cognitive factor, learning approach, may have a bearing on student take-up of this learning resource. Student attitudes to pre-prepared concept maps introduced in Stage 2 MPharm and BSc Pharmacology lectures were therefore examined in relation to the principal learning orientations according to Duff's 30-item revised approaches to study inventory (RASI). Approximately one half of students (49.6 +/- 4.5%) reported pre-prepared concept maps to be useful to their learning (n = 121). When preferred learning approach was examined, derived from the highest RASI score per individual and excluding ties, 31.9 +/- 4.3%, 29.3 +/- 4.2% and 38.8 +/- 4.5% of students demonstrated a preference for the deep approach (DA), strategic approach (STA) and surface approach (SUA), respectively (P > 0.05, chi2 goodness-of-fit test, n = 116). There was a weak but statistically significant association between preferred learning approach identified by Duff's 30-item RASI and the self-reported usefulness of concept maps (P < 0.05, chi2 test of independence; Cramer's V = 0.235; lambda = 0.193). In contrast, gender was not significantly associated with attitude to concept maps in this student cohort. A preliminary analysis of standardised residuals based on observed and expected frequencies revealed that the greatest contributions to this significant association were: a positive influence of DA and a negative influence of STA, respectively, on attitude to concept maps. These data now indicate a contribution of the principal learning orientations vis-à-vis student attitudes to pre-prepared concept maps when employed alongside more traditional teaching/learning activities in medical and biomedical science education, and may further suggest a role for concept maps in the support of deep learning.

Laight DW

2006-03-01

426

Mapping acoustic emissions from hydraulic fracture treatments using coherent array processing: Concept  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Hydraulic fracturing is a widely-used well completion technique for enhancing the recovery of gas and oil in low-permeability formations. Hydraulic fracturing consists of pumping fluids into a well under high pressure (1000--5000 psi) to wedge-open and extend a fracture into the producing formation. The fracture acts as a conduit for gas and oil to flow back to the well, significantly increasing communication with larger volumes of the producing formation. A considerable amount of research has been conducted on the use of acoustic (microseismic) emission to delineate fracture growth. The use of transient signals to map the location of discrete sites of emission along fractures has been the focus of most research on methods for delineating fractures. These methods depend upon timing the arrival of compressional (P) or shear (S) waves from discrete fracturing events at one or more clamped geophones in the treatment well or in adjacent monitoring wells. Using a propagation model, the arrival times are used to estimate the distance from each sensor to the fracturing event. Coherent processing methods appear to have sufficient resolution in the 75 to 200 Hz band to delineate the extent of fractures induced by hydraulic fracturing. The medium velocity structure must be known with a 10% accuracy or better and no major discontinuities should be undetected. For best results, the receiving array must be positioned directly opposite the perforations (same depths) at a horizontal range of 200 to 400 feet from the region to be imaged. Sources of acoustic emission may be detectable down to a single-sensor SNR of 0.25 or somewhat less. These conclusions are limited by the assumptions of this study: good coupling to the formation, acoustic propagation, and accurate knowledge of the velocity structure.

Harris, D.B.; Sherwood, R.J.; Jarpe, S.P.; Harben, P.E.

1991-09-01