Sample records for city government

  1. City Governments Need Deliberative Democracy

    Ricard, Lykke Margot; Lewis, Jenny


    Innovation in the public sector has become an important focus for governments, which are facing a growing inability to address difficult policy challenges. In the context of city governments, innovation capacity is boosted by the involvement of ‘outsiders’...

  2. EU Smart City Governance

    Carmela Gargiulo


    Full Text Available In recent years European Commission has developed a set of documents for Members States tracing, directly or indirectly, recommendations for the transformation of the European city. The paper wants to outline which future EU draws for the city, through an integrated and contextual reading of addresses and strategies contained in the last documents, a future often suggested as Smart City. Although the three main documents (Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 of European Community, Digital Agenda for Europe and European Urban Agenda face the issue of the future development of European cities from different points of view, which are respectively cohesion social, ICT and urban dimension, each of them pays particular attention to urban and territorial dimension, identified by the name of Smart City. In other words, the paper aims at drawing the scenario of evolution of Smart Cities that can be delineated through the contextual reading of the three documents. To this end, the paper is divided into three parts: the first part briefly describes the general contents of the three European economic plan tools; the second part illustrates the scenarios for the future of the European city contained in each document; the third part seeks to trace the evolution of the Smart Cities issue developed by the set of the three instruments, in order to provide the framework of European Community for the near future of our cities

  3. Governing the City

    Kornberger, Martin


    Strategy frames the contemporary epistemological space of urbanism: major cities across the globe such as New York, London and Sydney invest time, energy and resources to craft urban strategies. Extensive empirical research projects have proposed a shift towards a strategic framework to manage ci...

  4. Smart City Governance: A Local Emergent Perspective

    Meijer, Albert


    This chapter presents a local emergent perspective on smart city governance. Smart city governance is about using new technologies to develop innovative governance arrangements. Cities all around the world are struggling to find smart solutions to wicked problems and they hope to learn from successf

  5. Why city governments need deliberative democracy

    Ricard, Lykke Margot; Lewis, Jenny


    Innovation in the public sector has become an important focus for governments, which are facing a growing inability to address difficult policy challenges. In the context of city governments, innovation capacity is boosted by the involvement of outsiders....

  6. The fully Mobile City Government Project (MCity)

    Scholl, Hans; Fidel, Raya; Mai, Jens Erik

    The Fully Mobile City Government Project, also known as MCity, is an interdisciplinary research project on the premises, requirements, and effects of fully mobile, wirelessly connected applications (FWMC). The project will develop an analytical framework for interpreting the interaction and...

  7. Cities, multilateral institutions and global environmental governance: a potential match?

    Bouteligier, Sofie


    The finding that – within the sphere of global environmental governance – links between cities/city networks and multilateral institutions seem to be well established, stimulated to explore what is behind this reality. This paper examines this topic in two ways: first, it looks at the role of local governments. More concretely, it examines how city networks relate to multilateral institutions like UNEP and the World Bank. Various city networks strive for recognition by and cooperation with th...

  8. Developing a City Governance Index: Based on Surveys in Five Major Chinese Cities

    Yong, Guo; Wenhao, Cheng


    This article explores the establishment of a City Governance Index to evaluate the levels of governance of cities. We identified seven key dimensions of governance and then divided each of them into four stages: input, mechanism, result and effect. Each dimension/stage mix is correlated with indicators that can be measured with both objective and…

  9. E-government Initiatives of Four Philippine Cities

    Iglesias, Gabrielle


    This study intends to provide a snapshot of the city government (in a developing country) as it uses information and communication technology (ICT) to transform its public service delivery and promote good urban governance. The volume of work related to services provided by local governments could be made more efficient, effective, transparent, accountable and equitable using relevant technologies. In the Philippines, a Government Information Systems Plan (GISP) was approved and adopted as fr...

  10. Government by experiment? Global cities and the governing of climate change.

    Bulkeley, H.; Castan Broto, V.


    In this paper, we argue for an approach that goes beyond an institutional reading of urban climate governance to engage with the ways in which government is accomplished through social and technical practices. Central to the exercise of government in this manner, we argue, are ‘climate change experiments’– purposive interventions in urban socio-technical systems designed to respond to the imperatives of mitigating and adapting to climate change in the city. Drawing on three different concepts...

  11. The Growth of E-Government in the Government of Yogyakarta City

    Danang Sri Wibowo


    Full Text Available The implementation of e-government is, actually, not a new issue in the government. However, the policy of e-government implementation in many governmental elements, especially in the local government seems to be forced without considering the different readiness levels of the government personnel and the people in each local government. On the one side, many research findings show that the factors of governmental human resources, the public, the infrastructure, and the working practice are still being obstacles to achieve a successful e-government implementation. On the other hand, other research findings also strengthen that in its implementation, egovernment has some elements which should be fulfilled. They are e-administration, e-services, and e-society. Three of them are unified elements which support each other in order to realize egovernment. Many problems faced by some local governments in implementing e-government, including the government of Yogyakarta City, clarify that there are fundamental problems in realizing the e-government elements which consist of eadministration, e-services, and e-society. For certain governmental institutions, an explanation of the relationship between the implementation of egovernment program and many available theories is a valuable contribution to solve inter-elements relationship for realizing good governance, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, it is also beneficial for them to learn best practice for the government in order to achieve good local governance. The results of this study show that the implementation of e-government which requires the availability of e-administration, e-services, and e-society has been realized by the government of Yogyakarta City. However, although those programs have been realized physically, on the actual, the unpreparedness of the government personnel as well as the public society and also the cultural factors are still being some problems which impede the

  12. The challenges of water governance in Ho Chi Minh City.

    van Leeuwen, Cornelis J; Dan, Nguyen P; Dieperink, Carel


    Population growth, urbanization, pollution, and climate change pose urgent water challenges in cities. In this study, the sustainability of integrated water resources management in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) was evaluated using the City Blueprint approach. The City Blueprint is a set of 24 dedicated indicators divided over 8 categories (i.e., water security, water quality, drinking water, sanitation, infrastructure, climate robustness, biodiversity and attractiveness, and governance including public participation). The analysis showed that the rapid increase of water use for urban, industrial, and agricultural activities in HCMC has resulted in depletion of groundwater and severe pollution of both groundwater and surface water. Surface water quality, groundwater quality, biodiversity, and the sanitation of domestic and industrial wastewater are matters that need serious improvement. Current and future water supply in HCMC is at risk. HCMC can cope with it, but the 7 governance gaps as described by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are major obstacles for HCMC. Rainwater harvesting, pollution reduction, as well as wastewater reuse are among the practical options. Wastewater reuse could lower the water stress index to 10%. The window to do this is narrow and rapidly closing as a result of the unprecedented urbanization and economic growth of this region. PMID:26009880

  13. Participation and Governance for More Human Smart Cities

    Gabriella Pultrone


    Full Text Available The smartness seems to be the decisive factor that can enable the contemporary city to face a period of deep economic and social crisis, greater awareness of the scarcity of environmental resources and the increasing demand for security, health, education, technological progress. The so called ‘new urban question’  is structured around issues which are difficult to separate such as social inequalities, climate change, the right to accessibility, with respect to which the smart perspective is an opportunity that must be used by  territories and cities for the construction of development strategies based on the fundamental and inseparable dimensions of sustainability (environmental, economic, social and on a more complex transdisciplinary approach with real effects on quality of life. The same concept of smart city - initially with a pure energetic and technologic valence - has taken on a wider and more varied meaning, aimed at understanding the satisfaction of real and emerging needs, and contemplate the active involvement of the various urban actors, transforming the public institution from "provider" to "enabler", i.e. facilitator and promoter of development. Participation and governance are therefore the keywords on which to focus for a city conscious of its rich human and social capital, in which people are the real drivers of innovation and co-designers responsible for a smart city more humane and inclusive. The ongoing experiments in this direction at the European level provide interesting insights to envision desirable future scenarios not too far away

  14. Organization of Local Self Governance in the Cities of Federal Level

    Irina Starodubrovskaya; Margarita Slavgorodskaya; Sergey Zhavoronkov


    The paper deals with issues of organization of local self/governance in the intraurban areas of the cities of federal significance and considers existing theoretical approaches to development of large urban areas and their governance, an international experience of organization of governance in large cities and urban agglomerations, local self/governance practices in the cities of federal significance. The authors' recommendations are aimed at improvement of the list of local issues and power...

  15. Governing from Above : Solid Waste Management in Nigeria's New Capital City of Abuja

    Adama, Onyanta


    This doctoral dissertation examines how the symbolic character of a relocated capital city influences and intersects with local conditions to shape the governance structure and relations in service delivery. The focus is on Abuja, the new capital city of Nigeria, and the sector studied is solid waste management. Abuja was planned to avoid the numerous problems facing other Nigerian cities. Contrary to the intention of government and planners, the city now houses the fastest growing slum in th...

  16. Digitalization and Information Management in Smart City Government: Requirements for Organizational and Managerial Project Policy

    Antti Syväjärvi; Ville Kivivirta; Jari Stenvall; Ilpo Laitinen


    The widespread use of information and communication technology (ICT) in public management and public sector reforms is widely recognized. Here digital or electronic government is studied on the basis of information management in smart city government. Digital governance and information management have changed the ways city governments are organized and public services delivered. Unlike the research that has concentrated on private sector developments from digital or business perspective, stud...

  17. The Dynamics of City Formation: Finance and Governance

    J. Henderson; Venables, Anthony J.


    This Paper examines city formation in a country whose urban population is growing steadily over time, with new cities required to accommodate this growth. In contrast to most of the literature there is immobility of housing and urban infrastructure, and investment in these assets is taken on the basis of forward-looking behaviour. In the presence of these fixed assets cities form sequentially, without the population swings in existing cities that arise in current models. Equilibrium city size...

  18. Enhancing the right to the city by politicizing participative urban governance: the case of Caracas

    Rebotier, Julien


    Critical concerns on justice, southern cities and participation based on the case of Caracas". My aim consists in addressing "right of the city" issues in Caracas today in the light of a broad conception of justice. What is at stake is actually a critical view of "good governance" and participation as drivers of a fairer socio-spatial order in Latin American cities.

  19. A Multi-level Governance Analysis of Urban Foreign Policy: The Role of the EU in City-to-City Cooperation

    van der Heiden, N


    The international activities of cities are mushrooming all over Europe. Traditional city partnerships are more frequently giving way to policy-oriented cooperation schemes in city networks. A few of these city networks clearly have the goal to lobby upper-level governments. This is most pronounced in the Eurocities network, the lobby organization for large city-regions at the European Union (EU) level. However, the multi-level governance aspects of policy-oriented horizontal city networking a...

  20. Government and Social Media: A Case Study of 31 Informational World Cities

    Mainka, Agnes; Hartmann, Sarah; Stock, Wolfgang. G.; Peters, Isabella


    Social media platforms are increasingly being used by governments to foster user interaction. Particularly in cities with enhanced ICT infrastructures (i.e., Informational World Cities) and high internet penetration rates, social media platforms are valuable tools for reaching high numbers of citizens. This empirical investigation of 31 Informational World Cities will provide an overview of social media services used for governmental purposes, of their popularity among governments, and of the...

  1. Government and Social Media: A Case Study of 31 Informational World Cities

    Mainka, Agnes; Stock, Wolfgang G; Peters, Isabella


    Social media platforms are increasingly being used by governments to foster user interaction. Particularly in cities with enhanced ICT infrastructures (i.e., Informational World Cities) and high internet penetration rates, social media platforms are valuable tools for reaching high numbers of citizens. This empirical investigation of 31 Informational World Cities will provide an overview of social media services used for governmental purposes, of their popularity among governments, and of their usage intensity in broadcasting information online.

  2. The role of local government in redressing neighbourhood disadvantage: A case study from Penrith City Council

    Jason Prior


    Full Text Available The concentration of disadvantage in specific neighbourhoods is a widespread characteristic of many Australian cities. A broad range of policies and programs which utilize integrated forms of governance have been designed and implemented to redress this. Within the state of New South Wales, Australia, local governments have been identified as being amongst the most effective drivers for these integrated governance approaches. Utilizing a case study of the Penrith Neighbourhood Renewal Program, this paper explores recent attempts by Penrith City Council to develop a framework to redress neighbourhood disadvantage, firstly by establishing an integrated governance framework for the program, and secondly by transforming the council’s operational structure.

  3. Refashioning Local Government and Inner-city Regeneration: The Salford Experience

    Steven Henderson; Sophie Bowlby; Mike Raco


    This paper explores the role of local government in urban regeneration in England. The first part describes local-central government relations during recent decades. It concludes that 'actually occurring' regeneration fuses top-down and bottom-up priorities and preferences, as well as path dependencies created by past decisions and local relations. The second part illustrates this contention by examining the regeneration of inner-city Salford over a 25-year period. It describes Salford City C...

  4. The Mayor of EarthCube: Cities as an Analogue for Governing Cyberinfrastructure

    Pearthree, G. M.; Allison, M. L.; Patten, K.


    Historical development of national and global infrastructure follows common paths with common imperatives. The nascent development may be led a by champion, innovator, or incubating organization. Once the infrastructure reaches a tipping point and adoption spreads rapidly, the organization and governance evolves in concert. Ultimately, no wide-spread infrastructure (from canals to highways to the electric grid to radio/television, or the Internet) operates with a single overarching governing body. The NSF EarthCube initiative is a prototype implementation of cyberinfrastructure, using the broad geoscience community as the testbed. Governance for EarthCube is emulating the pattern of other infrastructure, which we argue is a system of systems that can be described by organized complexity, emergent systems, and non-linear thermodynamics. As we consider governance cyberinfrastructure in the geosciences, we might look to cities as analogs: cities provide services such as fire, police, water, and trash collection. Cities issue permits and often oversee zoning, but much of what defines cities is outside the direct control of city government. Businesses choose whether to locate there, where to operate, and what to build. Residents make similar decisions. State and federal agencies make decisions or impose criteria that greatly affect cities, without necessarily getting agreement from them. City government must thus operate at multiple levels - providing oversight and management of city services, interaction with residents, businesses, and visitors, and dealing with actions and decisions made by independent entities over which they have little or no control. Cities have a range of organizational and management models, ranging from city managers, councils, and weak to strong mayors, some elected directly, some chosen from councils. The range and complexity of governance issues in building, operating, and sustaining cyberinfrastructure in the geosciences and beyond, rival

  5. Government Districts, Other, Published in unknown, City of Roswell, GA.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Government Districts, Other dataset as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided in State Plane coordinate system; in a GCS_North_American_1983...

  6. Local Good Governance Sustainability: Roles of Civil Society in Surakarta City, Indonesia



    Full Text Available Civil society role is often seen as less powerful agent in forming or maintaining good governance than two dominant agents (state and private actors. This re- search is intended to have knowledge whether civil society can play important roles in forming and maintaining local good governance in Surakarta City, Indonesia. The main objective of this research is to find what kinds of innovations or roles conducted by civil society of Surakarta City to sustainably maintain local good governance. The research method occupies qualitative type which is best suitable to deeply discover processes or contexts behind the phenomena stud- ied. In depth interview, observation and FGD are used to collect data. Method of triangulation is also used to guarantee validity and reliability of data collected. Research results show that roles of civil society for sustainable local governance strongly take place in Surakarta city. The civil society (both formally and infor- mally associations or persons in Surakarta city plays very pivotal roles in six sustainable elements, namely (1 by influencing policy analysis and advocacy; (2 by controlling regulations; (3 by monitoring local government actions and behavior of staff officials; (4 by enabling citizens to identify and articulate their values, beliefs, civic norms and democratic practices; (5 by mobilizing vulnerable and marginalized masses to participate more fully in politics and public affairs and finally (6 by establishing participatory development work to improve their own better life. Interestingly, there are two new factors found in the research in deter- mining the success of sustainability of local good governance practices in Surakarta, namely informal networking or communication and spirit of togetherness. The existence of civil society (especially the informal one in Surakarta City is a strong pillar for sustainable local good governance practices. Maintaining this strong civil society role will make it

  7. Fostering eGovernment as State Social Responsibility (SSR: Case Study of an Australian City Council

    Sinara Rao Karna


    Full Text Available           Democracies around the world now face Citizen-apathy. This is a concern now more than ever faced by countries around the globe. eGovernment is undoubtedly a platform to deliberate and enable citizens regain confidence and faith in democratic  processes. Citizens now seek Verifiable, Open, Transparent, Empathetic, Responsive and Sensitive Electronic Democracy and Government (VOTERS EDG, Karna, 2012. Similar to corporate world, there are voices stressing on govenments for the need to understand the stakeholders, their involvement, relationships and responsibilities of a state in eGovernance. Citizens everywhere now demand Verifiable, Open, Transparent, Empathetic, Responsive and Sensitive Electronically Democratic Government as a State Social Responsibity (SSR. Peoples movements and outbursts against authorities with the help of Word of Mouse (Karna, 2012 have established that transparent and open governance is the need of the hour. This paper presents findings of the study conducted in an Australian City Council for preparing the city council for ‘City e-readiness’ to initiate e-Government activities. We propose the idea of ‘Centrality of Citizens’ in context of eGovernment. We further build upon the original concept of deeming eGovernment as ‘State Social Responsibility’ (SSR (Karna, 2010, by governments at all levels.  

  8. Economic transition policies in Chinese resource-based cities: An overview of government efforts

    Resource-based cities in China have made momentous contributions to the development of the national economy for decades. However, with the depletion of natural resources, their sustainable development is challenging and transition is important. The Chinese government has made great efforts to help resource-based cities. The purpose of this study is to investigate transition policies and their implementation. Firstly, we reviewed previous studies and summarized the essential elements of some successful resource-based cities, which are useful experiences for Chinese resource-based cities. Secondly, we studied the development of resource-based cities over the past 10 years with a focus on economic development, industrial structure, government revenue and environmental conditions. We found that resource-based cities were less developed compared to other cities. The main reasons are the after-effects of a planned economy, an unreasonable tax system, planning mistakes and misguided resources exploitation policies. Thirdly, we analyzed several aspects of the policy responses after the introduction of transition policies, including designating 69 resource-exhausted cities, supporting cities with funds and projects, formulating transition plans and evaluating transition performance. However, there are some deficiencies in the process of policy implementation. Finally, some recommendations were provided to improve transition performance and sustainable development for resource-based cities. - Highlights: ► Analyze the development of Chinese resource-based cities from four aspects. ► Analyze the causes of less development in resource-based cities. ► Investigate policies and their responses to transformation. ► Provide recommendations to improve transformation performance and sustainable development

  9. Sex in the city: gender mainstreaming urban governance in Europe

    Zebracki, M.M.


    This article reviews gender mainstreaming in practices of urban governance in Europe by comparing Sweden and Italy, which have distinct welfare-state systems: that of the former is firmly embedded in institutional and social structures, whereas that of the latter is markedly more familistic. This re

  10. Multilevel governance and deployment of solar PV panels in U.S. cities

    Solar photovoltaic (PV) installations have been growing rapidly in the United States over the last few years, incentivized by policies from federal, state and local governments. The complex relationships between solar policies at multiple levels of government and solar deployment are questions of importance to policy makers and scholars. Extant literature on solar policies pays less attention to the role of local governments and policies than to their federal and state counterparts. Local governments and policies play indispensable roles in the deployment of solar PVs. This paper studies the multilevel governance of solar development in the U.S. by evaluating the relative effectiveness of state and local policy tools in stimulating solar PV installations, with an emphasis on local solar policies. With a regression analysis on a national sample of 186 U.S. cities, we find that cities with local financial incentives deploy 69% more solar PV capacities than cities without such policies. We also find that cities subject to RPS requirements have 295% more solar PV capacity, compared with cities not regulated by state RPS. - Highlights: • This study evaluates state and local solar PV policies. • State RPS has positive impacts on local solar PV capacity. • Local financial incentives matter for solar PV deployment

  11. The Role of Green Space in City Branding:An Urban Governance Perspective

    Gulsrud, Natalie Marie


    The overall purpose of the presented PhD study is to better understand how biophysically greenelements of urban green infrastructure (UGI) are currently incorporated into and impacted by greencity branding campaigns at the city level and beyond. This is achieved by examining the impacts ofthree diverse green city branding cases in Denmark, Singapore and the European Union. The casestudies are analyzed and operationalized through an urban governance theoretical frameworklinking changes in poli...

  12. The Role of Efficient Urban Governance in Managing Kuala Lumpur City-Region Development

    Hamzah Jusoh; Jalaluddin Abdul Malek; Azmizam Abdul Rashid


    This paper discuss on the preliminary study on the concept of efficient in urban governance towards managing development of Kuala Lumpur City-Region. City-region development has been a major issue in the country’s latest development agenda. The issue is more obvious in city-region due to its role as an engine of growth economy development. Now, with its sights set on attaining the economic level of a fully developed nation by 2020, Malaysia must focus on securing a credible share of the lead ...

  13. Land Use Information System for Local Government: The Case of Naga City, Philippines

    Rizalino Cruz


    This paper examines the context of land use planning and monitoring in local government. It reviews emerging trends in land use management and information system, and identifies issues and challenges facing Naga City local government in the Philippines. The paper then proposes a design solution for an information system to support and manage land use processes. It defines the user requirements for the information system, and formulates the System Architecture, which identifies the essential c...

  14. A comparative analysis of urban energy governance in four European cities

    Cities are at the forefront of efforts to combat climate change and in this paper, we examine the influence of urban energy governance on these policy goals. An innovative framework for quantifying the combined governance of cities and energy systems is presented before focusing on a detailed study of London, Paris, Berlin and Copenhagen. By applying an optimization model to assess the lowest cost technology pathways to achieve emission reduction targets, the links between the governance of urban energy systems and the cost of achieving carbon targets are shown. Additionally a novel metric of scenario similarity is introduced in order to evaluate the difficulty of hypothesized energy system transitions. The results indicate that these tools can be valuable in identifying similar cities for the sharing of best practice, for performing comparative evaluations of energy transitions, and for reinforcing the need to complement quantitative assessments with a more holistic appreciation of local context. - Highlights: • Novel framework for comparing urban energy systems and their governance is presented. • Applied to four European cities with focus on climate change issues. • Bhattacharyya's distance introduced as measure of energy system scenario similarity. • Results suggest Paris is closest to its 2020 climate goals, London furthest

  15. Towards cognitive cities advances in cognitive computing and its application to the governance of large urban systems

    Finger, Matthias


    This book introduces the readers to the new concept of cognitive cities. It demonstrates why cities need to become cognitive and why therefore a concept of cognitive city is needed. It highlights the main building blocks of cognitive cities and illustrates the concept by various cases. Following a concise introductory chapter the book features nine chapters illustrating various aspects and dimensions of cognitive cities. The logic of its structure proceeds from more general considerations to more specific illustrations. All chapters offer a comprehensive view of the different research endeavours about cognitive cities and will help pave the way for this new and innovative approach to governing cities in the future. .

  16. City sustainable governance and city marketing monitoring system : a meta-analysis

    Azevedo, António Joaquim Araújo de


    According to the maxim “you can only manage what you can measure” so the “explosion of interest in the quality of governance is driving an explosive growth in the use of governance indicators” (Arndt and Oman, 2006, p.11). The author suggests the adoption of an integrated approach (Braun, 2008) in order to measure the most relevant indicators resulting from the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) adopted by the UN member states in the year 2000 and the “Right to the city” paradigm, the incl...

  17. Urban governance and the systems approaches to health-environment co-benefits in cities.

    Oliveira, Jose A Puppim de; Doll, Christopher N H; Siri, José; Dreyfus, Magali; Farzaneh, Hooman; Capon, Anthony


    The term "co-benefits" refers to positive outcomes accruing from a policy beyond the intended outcome, often or usually in other sectors. In the urban context, policies implemented in particular sectors (such as transport, energy or waste) often generate multiple co-benefits in other areas. Such benefits may be related to the reduction of local or global environmental impacts and also extend into the area of public health. A key to identifying and realising co-benefits is the adoption of systems approaches to understand inter-sectoral linkages and, in particular, the translation of this understanding to improved sector-specific and city governance. This paper reviews a range of policies which can yield health and climate co-benefits across different urban sectors and illustrates, through a series of cases, how taking a systems approach can lead to innovations in urban governance which aid the development of healthy and sustainable cities. PMID:26648361

  18. Porto Alegre as a Counter-Hegemonic "Global City": Building Globalization from below in Governance and Education

    Gandin, Luis Armando


    This paper analyzes the case of Porto Alegre, Brazil as a counter-hegemonic global city. Porto Alegre is a city with no particular relevance to neoliberal globalization that, nevertheless, was launched to a global scale by transformations in local governance. New mechanisms of deliberative democracy captured the attention of social actors…

  19. A comparative study of nutritional status between government and private primary school children of Mysore city

    N C Ashok


    Full Text Available Background: School health has been acknowledged as important since the beginning of 20 th century. Nutritional status is a major component of school health services. This study was undertaken to assess the nutritional status of government and private primary school children of Mysore city. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study design was adopted. One private and one government school were selected using multistage stratified random sampling method. A total of 1566 school children aged 6-12 years were measured for height and weight. Data on demographic details, dietary habits, and physical activity of child and education status, occupation, monthly income of their parents were collected. Results: Of 1566 children, 385 (24.5% were underweight, 132 (8.4% were overweight, and 65 (4.1% were obese. Majority of underweight children 226 (32.5% were found in government school. Except for two overweight children in government school, all overweight and obese children were found in private schools. Socioeconomic status, dietary habits, and physical activity of the child were found to be the determinants of their nutritional status. Conclusion: This study attempt to highlight the dual nutritional problem, under-nutrition among the lower socioeconomic class on one hand and growing epidemic of obesity among the affluent on the other.

  20. ‘From shack to the Constitutional Court’The litigious disruption of governing global cities

    Anna Selmeczi


    Full Text Available Taking its cue from the worldwide proliferation of struggles for access to the city, this paper aims to assess the impact of globalized neoliberalism on the juridico-legal techniques of contemporary urban governmentalities and to inquire into the ways in which such techniques can be resisted. It suggests that at least in urban contexts, the police order that, according to Foucault, was largely superseded by the modern liberal technologies of governing through freedom, today seems to be rather active. Arguably, global cities' competition for capital promoted by the globalized neoliberal economic order and its imperative to actively intervene in producing the market, pairs up conveniently with the detailed methods of regulating the early modern West. On the other hand, the self-limitation of governmental reason originating in the political economic criticism of the police state equips governance with the means of voluntary impotence and, placing the management of the economy at the centre of governmental activity, it increasingly adapts law to social and economic processes. While, according to Rancière, these tendencies lead to the effacement of the gaps between legal inscriptions and social realities, and thus tend to impede the occurrence of the political, in interpreting the struggles of South African shack dwellers, the paper aims to illustrate how inscriptions of equality may nevertheless trigger the political disruption of urban biopolitics.

  1. Dublin Ireland: a city addressing challenging water supply, management, and governance issues

    Mary Kelly-Quinn


    Full Text Available The population of Dublin City and its suburbs currently stands at 1.3 million and is projected to reach 2.1 million by 2022. There is pressure on its water supply system (inadequate catchment sources, ageing infrastructure including treatment facilities, and distribution network with little or no spare capacity despite Ireland's relatively high rainfall that is well distributed throughout the year; albeit the greatest rainfall occurs in the west and southwest and at some remove from Dublin. The current governance approach to addressing the projected water supply deficit relies heavily on a combination of identifying new supply sources to secure the long-term water supply needs of the city together with an intense drive toward achieving "demand-side" reduced usage and conservation targets in accordance with EU benchmarks for various individual and sectoral users. This potentially emerging crisis of water scarcity in Dublin, with drivers including population growth, greater industrial and institutional demands, migration, and climate change, has generated one of the most significant public water works projects proposed in Irish history, which is to abstract raw water from the Shannon River Basin in the midland region and, following treatment, pump it to a storage reservoir in a cut-away bog before piping to the Greater Dublin Area. The preparations for this scheme have brought to the forefront some longstanding Irish water resources governance issues and challenges. This provides a unique opportunity and imperative at this time to take a more comprehensive look at the decision-making process in this regard, one done in the context of new European and national policies requiring incorporation of integrated planning to sustain ecosystem services, water resources management, water services management, and flood defense principles, and one taking account of the current unprecedented state of flux in which water resources management institutions in

  2. Fragmentation and Unity of Rural Public Governance: A Case Study on Lin’an City in China

    Zhihong ZENG


    Full Text Available The township, as the most basic political system in China, a head of which is connected to a city, and the another head connected with the countryside, is the foundation of national economic and social development. In the face of strong intervention of economic globalization, the gradually weakening of local township government, and the increasingly tense of national finance, agricultural and rural development policy, which is presently ubiquitous in the rural area of China, stressed from top to bottom, expert guidance, government-dominated promoting, will face the serious challenges of rural governance under the background of globalization. The rural governance is that the national institutions and other authorities based on the village government provides public service activities to the village society, in order to maintain rural order, promote rural development, according to the laws, regulations, customs and traditions. And rural governance is the process of multi subjects’ collaborative management of rural village. Rural governance quality reflects the ability of government’s rural social mobilization and management, and relates to the stable development and prosperity of rural society. The current problems of township governance, mainly are not the “township”problems of its own, but the “institutions and mechanisms of government”problem. This article takes the Lin’an city of Zhejiang province as the research object, through the development of villages and towns work rules in the process of tracking, puts forward a good example of rural governance in china.

  3. Managing and governing commodity chains: the role of producer service firms in the secondary global city of Hamburg

    Parnreiter, Christof


    Full Text Available This paper is motivated by the observation that our understanding of global cities in Germany and beyond is limited because the practices through which producer service firms (PSFs are involved in managing and governing their clients’ global commodity chains (GCCs have barely been studied. Based on interviews with representatives of PSFs in the secondary global city of Hamburg, the paper scrutinises whether and how service professionals contribute to the functioning and the control of their clients’ cross-border operations. It also analyses why clients choose global PSFs located in Hamburg, and it discusses which place Hamburg occupies in the network of German global cities. The paper concludes that because PSFs fulfil management functions for their clients’ global operations Hamburg is, beyond the role of its port, a critical node in many GCCs. Secondly, PSFs influence their clients’ decision-making processes. They are part of economic governance processes, though this impact cannot be straightforwardly equated with ‘command and control’. The paper also confirms that (and explains why the world city network is the spatial correlate of a globalising economy. Finally, there is no such a thing as a ‘global city hierarchy’ because the division of labour between the offices of PSFs is functional. As regards further research, a first task is to verify this paper’s findings through interviews with clients of PSFs to consolidate our knowledge on the role of PSFs in GCCs. Secondly, the contention that the world city network is flat has to be re-examined against the backdrop of an evident clustering of PSFs in specific cities. Finally, the discussion of whether and how PSFs are involved in the governance of their clients‘ GCCs needs to be continued and deepened.

  4. Public Self-Government of Krasnoyarsk City in the Fight Against Food Crisis During World War I

    Olesya M. Dolidovich


    Full Text Available The author analyzes the measures taken to combat the high cost of public self-government bodies of the city of Krasnoyarsk Yenisei province during the First World War. It is shown that the city authorities have taken almost all possible measures to solve the food problem. However, legal restrictions fettered the initiative of cities in addressing the problems caused by wartime and the budget deficit did not allow widely deploy their own wholesale trade. Financial difficulties, the decline in living standards have led to increased social unrest. In the context of the war intensified social inequality that citizens perceived as social injustice, considered the power in general, and local city office specifically responsible for the hardships that they had to endure.

  5. Seismic Site-City Interaction: Main Governing Phenomena through Simplified Numerical Models

    Kham, A.; Semblat, Jean François; Bard, Pierre-Yves; DANGLA, Patrick


    International audience This work focuses on the analysis of the multiple interactions between soil layers and civil-engineering structures in dense urban areas submitted to a seismic wave. To investigate such phenomena, called site-city interaction (SCI) herein, two simplified site-city configurations are considered: a homogeneous, periodically spaced city and a heterogeneous, nonperiodically spaced city, both on a constant- depth basin model. These 2D boundary-element method models are su...

  6. Seismic site-city interaction : Main governing phenomena through simplified numerical models



    This work focuses on the analysis of the multiple interactions between soil layers and civil-engineering structures in dense urban areas submitted to a seismic wave. To investigate such phenomena, called site-city interaction (SCI) herein, two simplified site-city configurations are considered: a homogeneous, periodically spaced city and a heterogeneous, nonperiodically spaced city, both on a constant- depth basin model. These 2D boundary-element method models are subjected to a vertically in...

  7. From Competing Urban Imaginaries to Cohesive City Brands - New Challenges for Local Governments

    Bogdana NEAMŢU


    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the issue of city branding and endeavors to highlight several of the challenges that municipalities face in the process of creating a marketable brand for their cities. While there is only one “real” built city there is a variety of urban imaginaries that coexist and often compete against each other for dominance. Besides city agencies, the traditional actors involved in the process of city marketing, there are other entities like urban lifestyle magazines, businesses, services industry etc, which are interested in marketing their own representation or imaginary of the city. The paper has a threefold structure. In the first section, it critically analyzes the concept of city branding and tries to highlight how it differs from traditional, product and corporate branding strategies. The second section discusses specific steps and strategies that a city can undertake in order to create a successful brand and positions such efforts in the broader category of local economic development tools. The authors conclude that city branding is more effective when integrated into the strategic planning process undertaken by municipalities. The last section tries to raise some concerns and challenges regarding the concept of city branding. The analysis highlights the fact that it is more and more difficult to talk about a single brand or representation of a city. As long as different groups separated along the lines of race, ethnicity, education, income produce competing urban imaginaries, city branding is merely about one group imposing its representation over the others.

  8. Governance and City Regeneration - A New Methodological Approach for Design and Evaluation

    Neto, Paulo; Serrano, Maria Manuel


    Governance has become a central topic among policymakers. There is an international consensus that policymaking is evolving from a traditional top-down government approach towards a system of governing that focuses on engaging the citizens within an area (Cabus, 2003). New forms of governance targeting urban competitiveness are increasingly oriented to vertical (between lower and high levels of government and cooperation forms between entities and firms along the production chain) and horizon...

  9. Electronic Government In Democratic Public Service In One Door Integrated Permit Handling Services Agency In The City Of Samarinda

    Iman Surya


    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Electronic government needs to carry out in a fundamental public services of democracy. But in practice BPPTSP one door integrated permit service board of Samarinda not able to perform the activities. The aim of this research described analyzing electronic government and public services in a democracy. The methodology used in this research using descriptive qualitative approach the study was on the one door integrated permit service of Samarinda respondents in Samarinda the mayor head of Samarinda the citizen private group of government agencies and interests. Then variable measured in electronic government includes support capacity value and public services including democratic information consultancy and participation. The results of research shows that the variables measured having a deficiency and inability in accommodate aspirations built between citizens and the government in developing electronic democratic government. It is influenced by the absence of elements of liaison which is justice diversity and access electronic between government and public services that make democratic BPPTSP the inability of the city of Samarinda to make changes in depth in an effort to build and create a public being communicative with citizens.

  10. Complementing e-government services through the use of video:the LiveCity Project

    Weerakkody, Vishanth; Molnar, Andreea; Irani, Zahir; El-Haddadeh, Ramzi


    Although established as a mainstream mechanism for delivering public services, the adoption of electronic government (e-government) has not been uniform. One of the problems mentioned in prior research relates to the fact that e- government services are perceived as being distant and impersonal from a user or citizen perspective. In this paper, the authors argue that complementing existing e- government services through the use of a video-to-video platform could alleviate this problem. This p...

  11. Central-Local Administrative and Governance Relationships in Two Ukrainian Cities: Kyiv and Odessa



    Full Text Available The institution of local self-government occupies an increasingly important position in Ukrainian society. However, the contemporary system of local self-government in Ukraine is still not consistent with the principles of the European Charter of Local Self-government. In areas such as access to sources of revenue, policy initiation and citizen involvement in local governance, municipal governments in Ukraine frequently fall significantly short of expected European standards. In part, this is due to the lingering influence of the Soviet totalitarian past on the mentality of both the Ukrainian legislators and the representatives of local governments who are working to create democratic principles of true people’s power. Too often, the creation of independent self-governance authority conflicts with the strong desire of some political forces to transform local self-government into an appendage of state (national government power under rigid and comprehensive control. But, in spite of this, democratic principles are finding their way into the re-thinking of the role of local self-government in Ukranian society.

  12. Applied financial improvement planning in local governments: The case of Kitwe City Council, Zambia

    Dauskardt, Rolf


    textabstractThe trend toward decentralisation continues, albeit unevenly, in most developing countries. Increasing decentralisation places considerable pressure on local government to manage a wider range of functions and services and to manage larger budgets, while continuing urbanisation increases both geographic and demographic service areas of local governments. In this context, sound financial management by local governments is becoming increasingly important. It is likely that the need ...

  13. The construction of the Public City. Governance of Urban Processes and Transformation: the role of Social Housing

    Matteo Gambaro


    Full Text Available The following report looks at a selection of research and consultancy activities carried out by members of the «Governance, Design and Valorisation for the Built Environment» Research Group from the BEST Department at the Politecnico di Milano on behalf of Novara City Council. This work was undertaken with the objective of framing a systematic and multi-scalar design to be used in the redevelopment and upgrading of social housing through an approach which emphasised reconstruction of urban relationships and enhancement of the landscape and environment of noteworthy segments of the city. The aforementioned activities were then concentrated within «Neighbourhood Contract III» and «URBACT Active Travel Network ATN» programmes.

  14. Reconceiving Citizenship: Noncitizen Voting in New York City Municipal Elections as a Case Study in Immigrant Integration and Local Governance

    Lauren Gilbert


    Full Text Available This paper uses New York City’s consideration of an amendment to its charter that would extend voting rights to noncitizens in municipal elections as a case study in immigrant integration and local governance.  It argues that New York City’s biggest challenge in moving this issue forward is dealing successfully with two related questions: 1 why the New York City Council should be able to decide who "the People" are without approval from the state government in Albany and 2 whether it should attempt to enact the measure without a referendum.The analysis first examines the role of local government in regulating the lives of immigrants, contrasting enforcement-oriented strategies with those that are more integration-oriented. It then spotlights federal law obstacles to noncitizen suffrage, concluding that while neither federal criminal nor immigration law prevents state or local governments from extending the franchise to noncitizens in state or local matters, federal law imposes impediments that may deter some noncitizens from registering or that could carry serious immigration consequences for those who vote in violation of federal law.  The article then focuses on state law obstacles, including New York’s constitution, its state election law and its home rule provisions. It contrasts other recent experiences with noncitizen suffrage around the country, looking at both municipal and school board elections. Finally, it provides some thoughts on best practices in moving forward the issue of noncitizen suffrage in New York City and other locales. New York law is ambiguous enough that good arguments can be made for why neither Albany’s approval nor a city-wide referendum is required. However, given New York City’s historic relationship with Albany and the state legislature’s power to preempt local law on election matters, if the city council attempts to expand the franchise to noncitizen voters without a referendum or comparable measure

  15. The governance of urban green spaces in selected EU-cities : Policies, Practices, Actors, Topics

    Buizer, I.M.; Elands, B.H.M.; Mattijssen, T.J.M.; Jagt, A.P.N.; Ambrose, B.; Geroházi, E.; Santos, E.


    In a time of continuing urbanization, there is an increasing focus on developing attractive and healthy urban environments. Green spaces, ranging from woodlands and parks to allotment gardens and green roofs, provide a range of ecosystem services that contribute to better cities (Lovell and Taylor,

  16. The UK’s Territorial and Governance Challenge: Regions, Nations and Cities

    SHAW, Jo


    Faced with recent events at home and abroad, the UK’s political system needs to adapt to ensure prosperity and to bolster democratic legitimacy, writes Jo Shaw. She argues that devolution to cities might be a viable option to achieve these objectives, while also maintaining a balance in the UK’s complicated territorial politics.

  17. Social housing plans of peronist government in mar del plata city, argentina, 1946-1955

    Rizzo, María de las Nieves


    This text presents an analysis of housing and its social spaces in relation to the production of typological and technological formal alternatives that are a vulnerable heritage at Mar del Plata, housing built between 1946 and 1955 by the Peronist government. The Peronist government intervention in relation to public housing was not restricted to physical dimension; it also redefined social relationships and political spaces. In those housing complexes the essential concerns where, among o...

  18. Paul Kantor, Christian Lefèvre, Asato Saito, H. V. Savitch, Andy Thornley, Struggling Giants. City-Region Governance in London, New York, Paris, and Tokyo

    Salet, Willem


    It needed the cooperation of very experienced researchers in urban political governance to address the all-embracing theme of thirty years governance in four of the largest city-regions of the globe: London, New York, Paris and Tokyo. The title of the book Struggling Giants already reveals the elusive nature of the subject. Governability of mega cities is not a matter of straight authority but a pluralistic contest of public and private sector influence at all levels of scale. The authors wis...

  19. Growth patterns and scaling laws governing AIDS epidemic in Brazilian cities

    Antonio, F J; Teixeira, J J V; Mendes, R S


    Brazil holds approximately 1/3 of population living infected with AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) in Central and South Americas, and it was also the first developing country to implement a large-scale control and intervention program against AIDS epidemic. In this scenario, we investigate the temporal evolution and current status of the AIDS epidemic in Brazil. Specifically, we analyze records of annual absolute frequency of cases for more than 5000 cities for the first 33 years of the infection in Brazil. We found that (i) the annual absolute frequencies exhibit a logistic-type growth with an exponential regime in the first few years of the AIDS spreading; (ii) the actual reproduction number decaying as a power law; (iii) the distribution of the annual absolute frequencies among cities decays with a power law behavior; (iv) the annual absolute frequencies and the number of inhabitants have an allometric relationship; (v) the temporal evolution of the annual absolute frequencies have different profi...

  20. Governing Migration: Immigrant Groups' Strategies in Three Italian Cities - Rome, Naples and Bari

    Crane, Kristine


    Ethnic networks constitute an important component of immigrants' integration in their host societies. This has been a particularly important strategy in Italy, where institutional assistance for immigrants is often paltry and problematic. This paper examines three ethnic communities in Italy that have been particularly successful in using their ethnic social capital for integrating into Italian society at the city level: the Mauritians in Bari, Filipinos in Rome and Chinese in Naples. Sending...

  1. Book review: Everyday law on the street: city governance in an age of diversity

    Cordero, Melina


    Toronto prides itself on being “the world’s most diverse city,” and its officials seek to support this diversity through programs and policies designed to promote social inclusion. Yet this progressive vision of law often falls short in practice, limited by problems inherent in the political culture itself. In Everyday Law on the Street, Mariana Valverde brings to light the often unexpected ways that the development and implementation of policies shape everyday urban life. Meli...


    L. W. Murray, Ph.D.


    Full Text Available The recession of 2007-09 resulted in large budget deficits for municipal governments in the U.S. One of the major causes was the use of traditional line-item budgeting. Research has shown that line-item budgeting is particularly ineffective during times of fiscal turbulence and uncertainty as policy-makers tend to overestimate anticipated revenues during recessionary periods while underestimating the growth rate of expenses. Further complicating the budgetary process is the large, and growing, amount of employee health care and pension unfunded liabilities. Municipal governments that employed performance-based budgeting, however, experienced budgetary deficits that were significantly smaller and whose duration was measurably shorter, suggesting that this process of budgeting provided significant advantages.

  3. Housing markets, government behaviors, and housing choice: a case study of three cities in China

    Youqin Huang


    Housing reform in urban China has introduced market mechanisms into a previously welfare-oriented housing system. Although microlevel factors such as household characteristics begin to shape housing behavior in urban China as is the case in the West, macrolevel constraints and opportunities defined by not only housing stocks and housing markets but also local government behaviors continue to be crucial. By studying housing choice in Beijing, Chongqing, and Jiangyin, I find that local governme...


    L. W. Murray, Ph.D.; Alev M. Efendioglu, Ph.D.


    The recession of 2007-09 resulted in large budget deficits for municipal governments in the U.S. One of the major causes was the use of traditional line-item budgeting. Research has shown that line-item budgeting is particularly ineffective during times of fiscal turbulence and uncertainty as policy-makers tend to overestimate anticipated revenues during recessionary periods while underestimating the growth rate of expenses. Further complicating the budgetary process is the large, and grow...

  5. Sex in the city: gender mainstreaming urban governance in Europe. The case of Sweden and Italy

    Martin Zebracki


    Full Text Available This article reviews gender mainstreaming in practices of urban governance in Europe by comparing Sweden and Italy, which have distinct welfare-state systems: that of the former is firmly embedded in institutional and social structures, whereas that of the latter is markedly more familistic. This review illustrates this relatively strong contrast case on the basis of a literature and policy analysis, and elaborates how the everyday policies of urban governance regarding the living environment are considerably more gender-sensitive in Sweden than is the case in Italy. The main explanation for this difference lies in Sweden’s political socialism and longer socio-democratic tradition of incremental and equity-planning approaches in urban governance, in contrast to Italy’s social tradition of rather more conservative corporatism and patriarchal commune tactics. Socio-political and formal-institutional barriers, which are impeding both the top-down and the bottom-up implementation of gender-sensitive initiatives, could be overcome by creating more mental and formal legislative room for urban-based gender mainstreaming. Such room would challenge prevailing patriarchal societal structures and policy narratives

  6. Corporate governance and proactive environmental management in Novo Hamburgo and neighbouring cities, Brazil.

    Naime, R; Spilki, F R; Nascimento, C A


    This study compiled data on environmental auditing and voluntary certification of environment-friendly businesses of the Commercial and Industrial Association of Novo Hamburgo, Campo Bom and Estância Velha and analysed them according to classical environmental management principles: sustainable development and corporate governance. It assessed the level of application of the concepts of corporate governance to everyday business in companies and organisations and estimated how the interconnection and vertical permeability of these concepts might help to make bureaucratic environmental management systemic, proactive and evaluative, changes that may add great value to the operations evaluated. Results showed that, when analysing only audited items not directly defined in legislation, no significant changes were identified. The inclusion of more advanced indices may promote the transition from bureaucratic management, which meets regulated environmental standards only satisfactorily, into proactive and systemic environmental management, which adds value to companies and helps to perpetuate them. Audited and analysed data did not reveal actions that depend on the internal redistribution of power and the interconnection or verticality of attitudes that may materialize concepts of corporate governance. PMID:26270224

  7. The Influence of Communication Climate on the Employees’ Performance at Government Agencies in Gorontalo City (An Indonesian Case Study

    Zuchri Abdussamad


    Full Text Available Improvement of employees’ performance at government agencies can be done in several ways, for instance, through giving appropriate compensation, motivation, creation of conducive work environment, and through education and training. In addition, comfortable work environment, coordination and communication are factors supporting the performance of the employees in order to reach goals and objectives decided. This research was conducted to find out to what extent the influence of communication climate in an organization on the employees’ performance at Industry, Trade, Cooperation, Small and Medium Enterprise and Investment Agency of Gorontalo city. This research uses survey method and correlational analysis. The result from this research expected to develop employees’ performance development model through organizational communication climate. This research revealed that there was a significant influence of organizational communication climate toward the employees’ performance at the agency of at the Industry, Trade, Cooperation, Small and Medium Enterprise and Investment of Gorontalo city. Through a simple linear regression formula of Y=21.811 + 0.359 X and the correlation value of 0.476 and the determinant coefficient of 0.227 which means that there was a significant influence of organizational communication climate toward the employees’ performance of 22.7% and the rest 77.3% was influenced by other factors that were not investigated in this research

  8. Assessing the Land Subsidence Governance in Ningbo City: By a Close Study of the Building Collapse at the Strictly Protected Land Subsidence Area

    Yu, Xia


    Ningbo is a coastal city in East China, its land subsidence problem was noticed in the 1960s. However, scientific management was insufficient at that time, so with the fast city development from the 1980s, groundwater was used by a large amount of small factories, and tall buildings were built on the land. It was in 2008, scientists predicted that if without doing anything to prevent the land from subsiding, the city will be covered by the East Sea in 2030. From then on, the local government implied several policies, such as shut down most of the groundwater pumping wells, set up a new authority to enhance the cooperation among different administration departments, and also set up a land subsidence monitoring center for the city. Recently, it is declared that a Stereo regulatory system of land subsidence governance has been achieved. However, in 2012, a 23-years old building in the city center collapsed. According to the City Planning 2009, this building is located just in the strictly protected land subsidence area. The experts, however, think that land subsidence is not the main reason, since there are many illegal changes to the building during the past 23 years. The aim of my research is to assess the land subsidence governance in Ningbo city. I studied the collapsed building, how it was built, what has changed after building, how the environment changed in this area, and how this area became the strictly protected land subsidence area, and what kind of protections have been made. Actually, during the case study I discuss the land subsidence governance design of Ningbo, and to see what practices and lessons we can learn from this case.

  9. Citizens’ Participation in Planning Local Self–Government Expenditures on the Example of the Participatory Budget of the City of Torun in 2013 and 2014

    Krzysztof Czarnecki


    Full Text Available The idea of so-called participatory budget was brought into effect for the first time twenty five years ago in the Brazilian city of Porto Alegre. In the short time participatory budget gained a great popularity, spreading to the entire country, and then to other South-American states. About 2000 many cities all over the world made attempts to implement participatory budgets. Members of local communities usually are enthusiastic, as participatory budget empowers them to decide on part of expenditures of local self-governments. Participatory budget creates alternative way of spending public funds. In Poland, the first city that decided to implement participatory budget was Sopot (2011. At present participatory budget is functioning in several dozen Polish local self-government units. In the article author tries to explain role and position of participatory budget according to the Act on Local Self-Government (1991. The structure and procedure concerning participatory budget is described on the example of the city of Torun (2013–2014.

  10. 服务型治理:城市流动摊贩治理的社会工作介入%Service-Oriented Governance:Social Work Intervention on City Mobile Vendors Governance


    十八届三中全会明确提出治国理念从“社会管理”向“社会治理”转变,进而借鉴社会工作“基础—服务型”社会治理理念,论证发现社会工作介入城市流动摊贩治理有着充分的必要性及可行性。在介入治理方式上,微观层面,个案工作、小组工作方法帮助流动摊贩解决日常生活问题;中观层面,社区工作方法整合社区资源协同参与治理;宏观层面,社会行政通过政策倡导以实现流动摊贩的规范化治理。社会工作群体主要通过提供服务,解决问题的方式参与治理,并在治理中提供服务,在服务中推进治理,服务与治理并重。%The transition from social management to social governance was definitely announced at the 3 rd Plenary Session of the 18 th CPA. Based on the concept that social work plays a basic and service-oriented role in social governance,I found that social work intervention on the city mobile vendors governance have sufficient necessities and possibilities. When it comes to the way on intervention,case work and group work can help the city mobile vendors to resolve problems,community work participate in governance by integrating resources and the social ad-ministration help to govern the city mobile vendors on policy advocacy. The social work groups were mainly partici-pated in governance through offering services and solving problems. Social work groups provided the city mobile ven-dors services during the governance and advance the process of governance when offering the services , in other words,social work groups engaged in the service and governance at the same time.

  11. Current state of e-services in Saudi Arabia: the case of intermediaries in facilitating government services in Madinah city

    Al-Sobhi, F; Kamal, M.; Weerakkody, V


    The government of Madinah has launched ‘Khdamatec’ electronic Offices (e-Offices) concept under their national electronic Government (e-Government) modernisation agenda to facilitate service delivery to citizens and seamless interaction to communicate their needs. By offering e-Offices around the government departments, Madinah government hopes to increase accessibility of e-Government services and make steps forward to electronic age, encourage Medina' citizens to participate and use e-Servi...

  12. Urban land use and geohazards in the Itanagar Capital city, Arunachal Pradesh, India: Need for geoethics in urban disaster resilience governance in a changing climate

    Acharjee, Swapna


    The capital city, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, India is exposed to the multiple geohazards as the city is located in the region which experiences extreme physical phenomenon due to changing climate in the tectonically active North-Eastern Himalayas. The geohazards in Itanagar includes landslides, floods, soil erosion and earthquakes. The high decadal growth rate of 111.36% in 1991-2001 census has brought in many challenges with respect to the capital city developmental planning. Due to rapid and haphazard growth in urban land use the people residing in the city are gradually becoming more vulnerable to the geohazards in the past decades. The city condition at present has raised issues of grave concern related to effective hazard management. It is observed that geoscientific approach is violated at many places in the urban developmental activities along the central spine, the National Highway-52A of the capital city. There is an urgent need of geoscientists to apprise the urban populace about land suitability and stability in terms of rock types, soil, slope, geomorphology, groundwater condition etc. and the vulnerability of the existing urban land use to landslides, flood, soil erosion and earthquakes. In this paper major issue, critical issues and elements at risk are discussed in the context of ethics in geohazard management and developmental planning for urban disaster resilience governance in a changing climate.

  13. Territorial Politics and formal structures of governance in spatial planning: insights from the Dublin city-region (NIRSA) Working Paper Series 64

    Walsh, Cormac


    This paper presents the argument that the contents of spatial plans and the discursive framing of processes of spatial strategy-making are structured by the political geography of the formal institutions of governance through which spatial plans derive their legitimacy. At the same time spatial planning processes and strategies themselves may be active in the social construction of particular spatial (territorial and scalar) configurations. Spatial planning strategies for cities a...

  14. The road to liberating citizens While governing the urban areas. The tale of two cities: Cairo and buenos aires

    Azza Sirry


    Full Text Available The relation between the political agenda, the social and economic policies, and urban planning and fabric of cities as a product cannot be missed. And as cities are centres of national economic growth and given that the future of the world will be urban it is thus ironic that the majority of the population of almost all cities in almost all developing countries lives in houses that are below standards, in areas that lack services and basic infrastructure. Furthermore, the people who live in these areas suffer from high present of socio-economic problems such as unemployment and literacy. The poorest of the population have to pay more for their houses, service and infrastructure provision. And they lack access to formal credit and thus to opportunities (Sirry 2004. The cities have become places of frustration instead of places of hope and opportunities. It is not thus surprising that the world is witnessing a wave of upheavals all over its’ cities. In the two case studies the article will try to discuss the background of the country and the political, social, and economic conditions and the physical outcome that is manifested in the image of its cities specially the capital city and how can the change towards democracy help the country, its cities and the urban population. The period covered is called by many the contemporary period, it starts in 50’s in Egypt and 70’s in Argentine.

  15. Co-operation Agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) on behalf of the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arab


    Co-operation Agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) on behalf of the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arab

  16. Non-state security governances and the implications for local-level citizenship in Danish semi-public city spaces

    Jensen, Thomas Søgaard

    Security is both in academic and popular discourses often depicted as the opposition to violence, fear of violence and insecurity in general. In this paper I intent to focus on the politics of as well as the social implications of security governance - that is governing and surveillance practices......, being both the ontological condition of order, in the sense of absence of "real" and culturally constructed dangers, risks, and anxieties, and the political means to ensure this order. Based on a 5 month ethnographic field work among private security guards policing new kinds of public city spaces...... this might cause academics to rethink the both the concepts of citizenship as well as that of sovereignty....

  17. Meta-Synthetic Support Frameworks for Reuse of Government Information Resources on City Travel and Traffic: The Case of Beijing

    An, Xiaomi; Xu, Shaotong; Mu, Yong; Wang, Wei; Bai, Xian Yang; Dawson, Andy; Han, Hongqi


    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to propose meta-synthetic ideas and knowledge asset management approaches to build a comprehensive strategic framework for Beijing City in China. Design/methodology/approach: Methods include a review of relevant literature in both English and Chinese, case studies of different types of support frameworks in…

  18. Healthy Cities: a guide to the literature.

    Kenzer, M


    The author reviews the literature on attempts by city governments, international agencies, and nongovernmental and community organizations to improve city life around the world through Healthy Cities projects.

  19. Electronic Government In Democratic Public Service In One Door Integrated Permit Handling Services Agency In The City Of Samarinda

    Iman Surya; Sangkala; Muhammad Farid; Hasniati


    ABSTRACT Electronic government needs to carry out in a fundamental public services of democracy. But in practice BPPTSP one door integrated permit service board of Samarinda not able to perform the activities. The aim of this research described analyzing electronic government and public services in a democracy. The methodology used in this research using descriptive qualitative approach the study was on the one door integrated permit service of Samarinda respondents in Samarinda the mayor hea...



    The Pearl River (Zhujiang) Delta (PRD) has been a focal point in reform era academic circles not only for its dramatic industrial growth but also the simultaneous agricultural development. Unlike most of existing research on the PRD economic development and transformation from the whole region level, this paper explored this question from the perspective of a township using Beijiao in Shunde City as a case study. Unlike the conclusions of existing studies which attribute the regional economic transition to the macro factors, particularly the influence of external investment, this research reveals that at the level of township, the local government, the town-village owned enterprises and the individuals have been playing remarkable roles in local economic transformation. In the early stage since the economic reform, Beijiao township government, replacing the central and provincial governments before, began to manipulate the development of town-village owned enterprises and lead the local economic transformation from agricultural to industrial dominated. As the town-village owned enterprises grew during the later years, they gradually acted as the main dominant player leading the local agricultural and industrial growth. At the same time the individuals in Beijiao were playing more independent role to gain their most profits. While the local government changed to be the real manager of local economies. So the local economic transition was not entirely externally driven. In another word, the "driven from outside" model can not totally explain the economic fact in this specific region.

  1. System order and function in urban sanitation governance : Exploring the concept of polycentric systems in the city of Kampala, Uganda

    Nordqvist, Petter


    Sanitation provision can in many low-income countries be regarded as a complex collective action problem, and is often managed through complex actor constellations. The theory of ‘polycentric order’ has been proposed for the governance of such constellations, describing ordered systems of interacting but autonomous actors. However, empirical data is largely lacking on how this concept can be applied to contribute to governance analysis in low-economy contexts. This paper uses polycentric syst...

  2. Study of the Prescription Practices for Malaria Treatment and Prophylaxis among Government and Private Medical Practitioners in Bhavnagar City

    Girish Pandya


    Full Text Available Objective: The objectives of the stud were 1to compare the prescription practices of government and private medical practitioners in malaria treatment and prophylaxis in light of guidelines prescribed by NIMR and NVBDCP; and 2 to document the mechanism used by Gujarat's health department to disseminate information regarding changes in treatment guidelines for malaria Methods: Out of 68 government doctors 34 doctors were randomly selected to obtain detail for this study. 2 areas with comparative low API Sardarnagar and Chitra were selected and 2 areas with more API Kaliyabid and Vadva were selected for this study. Doctors of private sector serving in above area were selected randomly by lottery method. Total 54 private practitioners were selected for the study which gives 9, 15, 30 private practitioners of MD, MBBS, AYUSH respectively. Results: A total of 88 medical practitioners were interviewed for this study who were allied with general treatment of fever cases. Out of 88 medical practitioners 34 (38.64% work in Government and 54 (61.37% work in private sectors. out of 34 government doctors most of 85.29% (n=29 were prescribe antimalarials according to guideline for 14 days only 41.86% (n=18 AYUSH were follow drug policy which was much less than the allopathic practitioners who prescribe according to guideline 70.97% (n=22 of MBBS and 85.71%(n=12 of MD. [Natl J Med Res 2013; 3(4.000: 399-401

  3. A Crowded City


    Over 4 million vehicles on road challenge Beijing’s city management Beijing, the city once known as the kingdom of bicycles, has become clogged with automobiles, the Beijing Municipal Government Publicity Office said on December 18.

  4. Undocumented Youth Living Between the Lines: Urban Governance, Social Policy, and the Boundaries of Legality in New York City and Paris

    Ruszczyk, Stephen P.

    This dissertation compares the transition to adulthood of undocumented youth in New York and Paris, along with analysis of the construction of illegality in each city. In both the United States and France, national restrictions against undocumented immigrants increasingly take the form of deportations and limiting access to social rights. New York City and Paris, however, mitigate the national restrictions in important but different ways. They construct "illegality" differently, leading to different young adult outcomes and lived experiences of "illegality." This project uses seven years of multi-site ethnographic data to trace the effects of these mitigated "illegalities" on two dozen (male) youth. We can begin to understand the variation in these undocumented young men's social lives within and between cities by centering on (1) governance structure, the labyrinth of obtaining rights associated with citizenship, (2) citizenship, the possibility of gaining a legal status, steered in particular by civil society actors, and (3) identity, here centered on youths' negotiation of social mobility with the fear of enforcement. Biographical narratives show the shifts in social memberships as youth transition to new countries, new restrictions at adulthood, and new, limiting work. In New York, most social prospects are flattened as future possibilities are whittled down to ones focusing on family and wages. Undocumented status propels New York informants into an accelerated transition to adulthood, as they take on adult responsibilities of work, paying bills, and developing families. In Paris, youth experience more divergent processes of transitioning to adulthood. Those who are more socially integrated use a civil society actor to garner a (temporary) legal status, which does not lead to work opportunities. Those who are less socially integrated face isolation as they wait to gain status and access to better jobs. Paris undocumented youth are thus characterized by a

  5. Drone City

    Jensen, Ole B.


    design” will be used as a background perspective to reflect upon the future of drones in cities. The other perspective used to frame the phenomenon is the emerging discourse of the “smart city”. A city of proliferating digital information and data communication may be termed a smart city as shorthand...... on the block” that will potentially be a game-changer for urban governance, economics and everyday life. Here we are thinking of the unmanned aerial vehicle or drone as the popular term has it. Therefore, the paper asks how life in “drone city” may play out. Drones may alter the notion of surveillance by means...

  6. 3R+1C:City Government Crisis Management Capability Analysis of the New Normal%3R+1C:新常态下城市政府危机治理能力探析

    王雪丽; 何占涛


    危机治理能力是检验一个城市治理能力和治理体系现代化的重要标准。新常态下的城市危机不断呈现出新特性,城市政府作为公共服务的提供者和公共事务的管理者,必然要承担危机治理的责任。结合当前我国城市发展新常态特点,可以考虑建构一套“3R+1C”的城市政府危机治理能力体系,即危机预测预警能力、应对处置能力、恢复重建能力和治理协调能力,为促进城市政府危机治理能力新常态建设提供具体工作思路和建议。%Crisis management capability is an important criterion for testing the ability and system of modern city gover-nance. Under the new normal, with urban crisis constantly showing new characteristics, the city government as a provider of public services and manager of public affairs, is bound to take responsibility for crisis management. Combined with the current development of China’s city new normal characteristics, a set of“3R+1C”city government crisis management capability system can be constructed involving the crisis forecasting and early warning capability, crisis handling capabil-ity, crisis recovery capability and collaborative capability, providing specific ideas and suggestions for promoting the city government crisis management capability construction of the new normal.

  7. The Construction Government Open Data Portals based on the perspective of Wisdom Cities%智慧城市视域下的政府开放数据门户构建



    在智慧城市建设的社会环境下,构建政府开放数据门户,推进开放政府、透明政府和责任政府建设,是当前各国政府在加强信息公开与分享、提高公共服务能力建设方面的重要课题之一。通过讨论智慧城市建设与政府开放数据服务之间的关系,介绍各国政府开放数据门户的建设情况,阐释构建政府开放数据门户的价值和意义,在此基础上进一步探讨基于智慧城市政府开放数据门户的内容构建、服务功能设计、建设策略等。通过理论探讨和国内外实践经验的分析,可以为我国智慧城市与政府开放数据门户的建设提供参考信息。%Based on the social background of construction of wisdom cities, building an open data portals in order to achieve open government, transparent government and responsible government, is one of the important topics of current government in strengthening in information disclosure and sharing and improving public service capabilities all around the world. This paper discuss-es the relationship between the construction of wisdom cities and open government data services, introduces the current situation of construction of the government open data portal, expounds the value and the significance of the construction of government open data portals. On this basis, the paper further discusses the content construction, function design, construction strategy and technical charac-teristic of government open data portals based on the construction of wisdom cities. This paper hopes to provide reference information of the construction of the wisdom cities and the government open data portals for our country through theoretical discussion and analy-sis of the domestic and foreign experience.

  8. Active City Administration

    M .R. Sindhu; Viraj M. Jamle; Pramod M. Shelke; Shrikant G. Baheti


    The basic and universal corner stone of good governance are quality of service, quick response mechanisms and above all accountable and transparent process mechanism. The active city administration initiatives resulted in computerization of the legacy systems in government with limited ability to internalize the advances in information and communication technologies.By using active city administration services we able to know real time, quantitative and basic approach of the government servic...

  9. Sustainable cities

    The Sustainable City Project, a collaboration among the cities of Portland, Oregon, and San Francisco and San Jose, California, aims at developing and implementing sustainable energy planning methods and programs for cites. For a period of two years (1989-90), the three project cities worked in parallel, yet pursued independent courses to develop appropriate sustainable urban energy practices to meet local needs and aspirations. Central to the Sustainable City Project was finding ways to manage today's urban energy needs without jeopardizing the needs of future generations. Sustainability implies that nothing should go to waste, but rather should contribute to the proper balance between the natural environment and the built environment Sustainable urban energy systems encompass more than energy efficiency and energy conservation measures: they must be diverse, flexible, self-reliant, renewable, and integrated. Since local governments make decisions affecting land use, building codes, transportation systems, waste disposal, and power plants--all of which impact energy resource use--local jurisdictions can do much to ensure their own sustainable future. This paper will present an accounting of the specific steps that each city took to determine and begin implementation of their respective approaches to sustainable energy planning, with a specific focus on the City of San Jose activities. Useful tools for facilitating community process, program planning and implementation, and quantitative analysis will also be discussed

  10. The Game Analysis of Government Environmental Renovation in the Fringe of Amalgamated City%兼并型城市边缘区环境治理中的博弈分析



    兼并型城市是我国城市化进程中的特殊产物,其边缘区的环境问题日益严重,亟需政府采取相应的措施进行环境治理。鉴于兼并型城市边缘区的特殊位置,政府在环境治理方面有可能陷入囚徒困境博弈模型。需要从正面奖励和负面惩戒两方面入手,细化破解边缘区政府环境治理囚徒困境的各项措施,降低政府环境管理的成本,提高集体效益,促进兼并型城市边缘区环境可持续和谐发展。%The amalgamation of city is a special phenomenon in the course of urbanization of China.The environmental problem of city fringe is more and more serious.It needs the government to adopt measures which of the environmental renovation.In view of the special locations of the amalgamated city,the governments are likely to fall into the prisoner's dilemma game models in the area of environmental renovation.From the point of positive incentives and negative punishment,the governments take measures to solve those problems for reducing the costs of environmental management and improving collective efficiency.Those actions will promote the environment of fringe of the amalgamated city sustainable and harmonious development.

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Defined by colored boundary line, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, WABASH COUNTY GOVERNMENT.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  12. Citizens’ Participation in Planning Local Self–Government Expenditures on the Example of the Participatory Budget of the City of Torun in 2013 and 2014

    Krzysztof Czarnecki


    The idea of so-called participatory budget was brought into effect for the first time twenty five years ago in the Brazilian city of Porto Alegre. In the short time participatory budget gained a great popularity, spreading to the entire country, and then to other South-American states. About 2000 many cities all over the world made attempts to implement participatory budgets. Members of local communities usually are enthusiastic, as participatory budget empowers them to decide on part of expe...

  13. Measures against increased environmental radiation dose by the TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP accident in some local governments in the tokyo metropolitan area: Focusing on examples of both Kashiwa and Nagareyama cities in Chiba prefecture

    The accident of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant of Tokyo Electric Power Cooperation (TEPCO) after the great east Japan earthquake (11 March 2011) elevated the background level of environmental radiation in Eastern Japan. Around the Tokyo metropolitan area, especially around Kashiwa and Nagareyama cities, the ambient dose equivalent rate has been significantly increased after the accident. Responding to strong requests from citizens, the local governments started to monitor the ambient dose equivalent rate precisely and officially, about 3 months after the accident had occurred. The two cities in cooperation with each other also organised a local forum supported by three radiation specialists. In this article, the activities of the local governments are introduced, with main focus on radiation monitoring and measurements. Topics are standardisation of environmental radiation measurements for ambient dose rate, dose mapping activity, investigation of foodstuff and drinking water, lending survey meters to citizens, etc. Based on the data and facts mainly gained by radiation monitoring, risk management and relating activity have been organised. 'Small consultation meetings in kindergartens', 'health consultation service for citizens', 'education meeting on radiation protection for teachers, medical staffs, local government staffs, and leaders of active volunteer parties' and 'decontamination activity', etc. are present key activities of the risk management and restoration around the Tokyo metropolitan area. (authors)

  14. 校市共建共享城市文体设施的模式、特点与问题%Research on Patterns,Characteristics and Problems of Co-building and Sharing City Culture-Sport Facility between University and City Government

    田虎伟; 刘阳; 刘勇敏; 赵普


    校市共建共享图书馆的模式有:共建馆舍,运营经费投入缺失型;短期"共建",长期共享型;合资共建,共享服务缺失型;共建共享,持续投入型。校市共建共享图书馆呈现出馆舍的公共性、文献资源共享性、职能的双重性等特点。校市共建共享体育场馆的模式有:政府出钱、高校出地共建,学校拥有所有权型;政府出钱、出地与高校共建型;政府补助、校市双方共建共享型,其表现出公共性、非盈利性的特点。校市共建共享城市文体设施在地理位置选择、管理体制、运行机制和服务对象权益等方面都存在不少问题。%That the patterns of co-building and sharing library between university and city government are discussed in this paper include types of co-building and operation funding missing,co-building and long-term sharing,co-building and sharing missing,and co-building and sharing.There are some nature characters including building public,literature resources sharing and dual functions in the library of co-building and sharing between university and city government.There are natures of public and non-profit in the co-building and sharing gymnasiums with the patterns of including the types of investing by government,land transferring and owning by university,investing and land transferring by government and co-building with university,and allowancing by government and co-building between university and city government.There are some problems in the location,management and operation systems,rights about serving people and etc.,of the culture and sports facilities built between university and city government.

  15. CHONGQING, the Hot City


    @@ Chongqing is a well-known city with a history of more than 3,000 years. It is a famous historical and cultural city in China. Chongqing is the birthplace of the Bayu Culture. At present, Chongqing is a municipality directly under the Central Government with the largest area, the most administrative districts and the largest population.

  16. City 2020+

    Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.


    several public transport units running all across the city. This is accompanied by an analysis of probability density functions (PDF) for heat waves based on recent climate data and climate projections. A dense net of 40 PM measurement sites is operated in order to obtain the spatial pattern of PM concentration as depending on meteorological condition and location. It is lined out how this climate related sub-projects interact with investigations on social networks, governance issues, buildings structure development and health outcome. Related to the later the chemical composition of PM is analyzed in more detail and related to the spatial patterns of health deficiencies. At a later stage City2020+ will propose new strategies based on cooperation from the fields of medicine, geography, sociology, history, civil engineering, and architecture for adapting the city for future needs. The Project CITY 2020+ is part of the interdisciplinary Project House HumTec (Human Sciences and Technology) at RWTH Aachen University funded by the Excellence Initiative of the German federal and state governments through the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation, DFG).

  17. 城市商业银行应重视内部审计在公司治理中的作用%City Commercial Banks to Attach Importance to the Application of Internal Audit in Corporate Governance



    In recent years, under the background that urban credit cooperatives have in succession restructured into urban commercial banks, the company governance mechanism has become the most important framework in the city commercial banks' management system, while through implementing effective supervision and evaluation on the operators and manag⁃ers, internal audit has become an important pillar of company governance mechanism. The article discusses the relation⁃ship between internal audit and corporate governance, analyzes the existing problems and the important role internal audit plays in corporate governance of the current city commercial banks , and then puts forward some suggestions for reference.%近几年,在城市信用社纷纷改制为城市商业银行的背景下,公司治理机制已成为城市商业银行管理制度中最重要的架构,内部审计通过对经营者、管理者实施有效监督和评价,成为了公司治理机制中的重要支柱。本文论述了内部审计与公司治理的关系,分析了目前城市商业银行中内部审计在公司治理方面的重要作用和存在的问题并提出一些建议,以供参考。

  18. Government Buildings, Owned, City Halls & Courthouses in 18 county region in South Georgia, Published in 1999, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Southern Georgia Regional Commission.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Government Buildings, Owned dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 1999. It is...

  19. City Carbon Footprint Networks

    Guangwu Chen


    Full Text Available Progressive cities worldwide have demonstrated political leadership by initiating meaningful strategies and actions to tackle climate change. However, the lack of knowledge concerning embodied greenhouse gas (GHG emissions of cities has hampered effective mitigation. We analyse trans-boundary GHG emission transfers between five Australian cities and their trading partners, with embodied emission flows broken down into major economic sectors. We examine intercity carbon footprint (CF networks and disclose a hierarchy of responsibility for emissions between cities and regions. Allocations of emissions to households, businesses and government and the carbon efficiency of expenditure have been analysed to inform mitigation policies. Our findings indicate that final demand in the five largest cities in Australia accounts for more than half of the nation’s CF. City households are responsible for about two thirds of the cities’ CFs; the rest can be attributed to government and business consumption and investment. The city network flows highlight that over half of emissions embodied in imports (EEI to the five cities occur overseas. However, a hierarchy of GHG emissions reveals that overseas regions also outsource emissions to Australian cities such as Perth. We finally discuss the implications of our findings on carbon neutrality, low-carbon city concepts and strategies and allocation of subnational GHG responsibility.

  20. Effect of Road Traffic Noise Pollution on Human Work Efficiency in Government Offices, Private Organizations, and Commercial Business Centres in Agartala City Using Fuzzy Expert System: A Case Study

    Debasish Pal


    Full Text Available This study examines the problems of reduction of individual’s efficiency in his/her respective working places because of road traffic noise pollution in Agartala due to rapidly growing vehicular traffic. This paper deals with monitoring and modeling of the disturbances caused due to vehicular road traffic interrupted by traffic flow conditions on personal work performance. Total of two hundred seventy individuals from different road side Government Offices, Private Organizations and Commercial Business Centres on both sides of busy roads of the city were interviewed for attitudinal responses. Traffic volume count and noise indices data were collected simultaneously at six selected sites of the city. A relationship was developed between different traffic noise parameters and its harmful impact on work competency of individuals using MATLAB. Regression equations developed to predict the percentage of high annoyance among the individuals are fit based on noise parameters and parameters related to traffic movements. In addition, statistical analysis was also carried out between measured and predictive values of the percentage of highly annoyed group of individuals. The present model will draw the attention of the State Government and will help the policy maker to take the necessary steps to reduce this problem.

  1. Participatory prototyping for future cities

    Van Waart, P.; Mulder, I.J.; de Bont, C.


    Emerging pervasive technologies such as the Internet of Things and Open Data will have severe impact on the experience, interactions and wellbeing of citizens in future smart cities. Local governments are concerned how to engage and embed citizens in the process of smart city development because without them it is difficult for governments and industrial technology providers to understand what future city is desired. We explore how prototyping methods can be used in a multi-helix approach tow...

  2. Creative city concept in local economic development: the case of Finnish cities

    Anttiroiko, Ari-Veikko


    This article provides an overview of the approach to and application of the creative city concept in Finnish local government. The discussion revolves around how local governments have utilised the creative city concept in local economic development. The empirical part focuses on local governments’ approaches to creative city with special reference to two cases: the cities of Helsinki and Tampere, which are at the forefront of the Finnish creative city movement. The analysis shows that only a...

  3. Research on E government Service Platform Based on SOA Cloud Service in Jining City%基于 SOA 云服务的济宁市电子政务服务平台研究

    曹永锋; 梁远新; 杨成兵; 王忠燕


    Based on urgent need of horizontal and vertical net information sharing and business collaboration by the administrative departments,the bottlenecks of traditional one way sharing model have become in-creasingly prominent.Combining with actual environment and the needs of Jining City government infor-mation platform construction,SOA cloud service between government departments online business infor-mation resource sharing and collaboration platform has been designed.It has achieved the orderly exchange of data and resource sharing between various government departments,established data construction speci-fications and operational coordination mechanism,which greatly enhanced the level of government affairs office automation.%基于政务网的政府各部门横向与纵向信息共享及业务协同的需求十分迫切,传统的单向共享模式的应用瓶颈日益突出,结合济宁市政务信息平台建设的实际环境及需求,设计了基于 SOA 云服务的政府部门间信息资源共享及在线业务协同平台的框架,实现了政府各部门之间数据有序交换和资源共享,建立了数据建设规范和业务协同机制,极大地提升了政务办公自动化水平。

  4. 社会组织参与城市管理的杭州实践和善治特性%Hangzhou Practice and Good Government Characteristic of Participating in City Management with the Involvement of Social Organizations

    房立洲; 李楠


    In Hangzhou city management, there have been folk improve office, canine autonomous association or other social organizations in recent years, which not only play a significant role in publicity, management, and service but also embody legitimacy, transparency, accountability, rule of law, responsiveness, effectiveness of good governance. They have to be promoted as an important strategy in subsequent city management development.%在杭州城管领域,近年来,相继出现了民间改善办、犬类自治协会等社会组织,在城市管理的宣传、管理、服务等方面发挥了显著作用,体现了政府善治合法性、透明性、责任性、法治、回应和有效等特点,急需在后续的城市管理发展中作为一个重要发展战略加以推进。

  5. Districting and Government Overspending

    Reza Baqir


    The common-pool problem is a central issue in the relationship between the political structure of jurisdictions and the size of public spending. Models predict that, other things being equal, greater political districting of a jurisdiction raises the scale of government. This paper presents new evidence on this and related predictions from a cross-section of city governments in the United States. The main finding is that one additional legislator is associated, on average, with 3 percent larg...

  6. Improving the City environment

    All around the world cities are under severe environmental pressure. Water supplies, traffic congestion, air pollution, noise and waste disposal cause very similar problems in cities that are otherwise quite diverse. And attempts to improve conditions usually run into a range of difficulties. Indeed, environmental problems often persist for years before governments -national, regional and local- make any major effort to address them. 6 refs

  7. Innovation across cities

    Soo, Kwok Tong


    This paper examines the distribution of patenting activity across cities in the OECD, using a sample of 218 cities from 2000 to 2008. We obtain three main results. First, patenting activity is more concentrated than population and GDP. Second, patenting activity is less persistent than population and GDP. Third, patenting exhibits mean-reversion, and is positively associated with GDP, the fragmentation of local government, and population density. Our results suggest that policymakers can infl...

  8. Competitiveness and cohesion: urban government and governance’s strains of Italian cities Competitividade e coesão: tensões no governo e na governança das cidades italianas

    Francesca Governa


    Full Text Available This article discusses current limitations and opportunities in Italian urban governance. Since the 1990s Italy has been going through changes concerning its political and institutional system. The changes in the roles and organisation of the State and more generally for the public actors, recognisably affects urban governments. Italian urban policies are therefore called upon to deal with the introduction of inter-institutional forms of cooperation between various levels of government; co-ordination between a multiplicity of actors and interests; involvement of private sector institutions; and the direct participation of citizens in the decision making processes. Much less clear is whether and how the debate around the different dimensions of urban governance has gained real influence - including in the governance practices of cities and in the capacity of policies to address urban problems.Neste artigo reflecte-se sobre as actuais limitações e oportunidades na governança urbana em Itália. Desde a década de 90 do século xx que a Itália tem assistido a mudanças nos seus sistemas político e institucional. As mudanças no papel e na organização do Estado, e mais globalmente nos agentes públicos, afectam reconhecidamente os governos urbanos. As políticas urbanas são, portanto, campo muito relevante na introdução de formas inter-institucionais de cooperação entre vários níveis de governo; coordenação entre uma multiplicidade de actores e de interesses; envolvimento de instituições do sector privado e participação directa dos cidadãos nos processos de tomada de decisão. Muito menos claro é o debate sobre as dimensões que ganharam real influência nas práticas de governança e na qualidade das políticas para enfrentar as questões urbanas.

  9. From city marketing to museum marketing and opposed

    Metaxas, Theodore


    European cities today need to confront the challenges of the current socio economic changes. In this framework the role of city marketing becomes essential especially during the socio economic crisis. City marketing is important because it is related to procedures connected with city global competition, tourist attraction, urban management, urban government and the special identity of cities (city branding). Many European cities take initiatives either creative or innovative to improve their ...

  10. Study on Promotion of City Public Security and Improvement of City Planning


    <正>1. Problems existing in city publicsecurity The city public security (CPS) refers tothe security guarantee provided and led by governments for the people, property,as well as important lifeline systems of

  11. Metropolitan Governance Reforms: The Case of Seoul Metropolitan Government

    Nicholas Snyder


    Full Text Available Seoul is transforming into a global city that is competitive with many of the most notable cities in the world such as Tokyo, New York, and London. Seoul's metropolitan governance structure is uniquely suited to the Korean peninsula and has been able to be dynamic in order to adapt to political changes the country has experienced. This article examines the initiatives behind metropolitan governance reforms in Seoul and the factors that play an important role in influencing the current governance structure. The Seoul Metropolitan Government (SMG is set on improving the lives of citizens and ensuring they are happy with their city through transparency, accountability, efficiency, and effectiveness of government among other things. This region has become a strong contributor to the economic growth of the county and helped to create opportunities to attract and retain businesses, implement innovative investment projects and develop a talented workforce. Amongst other reasons, Seoul's solid fiscal system has allowed the city to build the necessary organizational capacity for SMG as well. Additionally, Seoul citizens enjoy a good quality of life because of the educational options, employment opportunities, housing spaces, leisure activities, and cultural experiences found in the city. There are still some challenges ahead but Seoul realizes the importance of civic participation for capacity building and sustainability. One of Seoul's strategies to promoting sustainable living within the city is its ability to engage the public. By promoting citizen participation and feedback, Seoul feels that it will gain new perceptivities during the policy decision-making process. The city's current governance methods continue to succeed because the leaders at SMG understand what is essential to executing successful governance reform: citizens.

  12. Education Cities

    Shaked, Haim


    In recent years, several cities in Israel have labeled themselves "Education Cities," concentrating on education as their central theme. Employing qualitative techniques, this article aims to describe, define, and conceptualize this phenomenon as it is being realized in three such cities. Findings show that Education Cities differ from…

  13. Image city


    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  14. Territorial Governance and Area Image

    Nicola Bellini


    The image of a region or a city is an emerging topic in most debates about economic development strategies at the local and national level. Local and national policies of innovation which form an essential part of modern policies of local development are less and less an expression of government and increasingly an exercise of governance. The concept that allows best to describe and understand the practical meaning and implications of governance is 'policy network'. The establishment, selecti...

  15. Metropolitan Governance Reforms: The Case of Seoul Metropolitan Government

    Nicholas Snyder


    Full Text Available Seoul is transforming into a global city that is competitive with many of the most notable cities in the world such as Tokyo, New York, and London. Seoul’s metropolitan governance structure is uniquely suited to the Korean peninsula and has been able to be dynamic in order to adapt to political changes the country has experienced. This article examines the initiatives behind metropolitan governance reforms in Seoul and the factors that play an important role in influencing the current governance structure. The Seoul Metropolitan Government (SMG is set on improving the lives of citizens and ensuring they are happy with their city through transparency, accountability, efficiency, and effectiveness of government among other things. This region has become a strong contributor to the economic growth of the county and helped to create opportunities to attract and retain businesses, implement innovative investment projects and develop a talented workforce. Amongst other reasons, Seoul’s solid fiscal system has allowed the city to build the necessary organizational capacity for SMG as well. Additionally, Seoul citizens enjoy a good quality of life because of the educational options, employment opportunities, housing spaces, leisure activities, and cultural experiences found in the city. There are still some challenges ahead but Seoul realizes the importance of civic participation for capacity building and sustainability. One of Seoul’s strategies to promoting sustainable living within the city is its ability to engage the public. By promoting citizen participation and feedback, Seoul feels that it will gain new perceptivities during the policy decision-making process. The city’s current governance methods continue to succeed because the leaders at SMG understand what is essential to executing successful governance reform: citizens.

  16. Interactive governance

    Sørensen, Eva; Torfing, Jacob; Peters, B. Guy;

    Governance has become one of the most commonly used concepts in contemporary political science. It is, however, often used to mean a variety of different things. This book helps to clarify this conceptual muddle by concentrating on one variety of governance-interactive governance. The authors argue...... that although the state may remain important for many aspects of governing, interactions between state and society represent an important, and perhaps increasingly important, dimension of governance. These interactions may be with social actors such as networks, with market actors or with other...... governments, but all these forms represent means of governing involving mixtures of state action with the actions of other entities.This book explores thoroughly this meaning of governance, and links it to broader questions of governance. In the process of explicating this dimension of governance the authors...

  17. Beer City


    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  18. Ideal Cities

    Meitner, Erika


    Erika Meitner discusses her new book: Ideal Cities. This collection of autobiographical narrative and lyric poems explores the relationship between body and place—specifically the pleasures and dangers of women’s corporeal experiences. Ideal Cities is guided by an epigraph from Song of Songs, and the metaphorical idea of bodies as cities, and cities as bodies. How do women’s bodies become sites of inscription via sex, childbirth, and other highly physical acts? These poems also investigate ur...

  19. Sin City?

    Gautier, Pieter A; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen N.


    Is moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? Weinvestigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners bymoving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danishcouples. We find that of the couples who married in the city, the ones who stay inthe city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who marriedoutside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. Thiscorrelation ...

  20. Determinants of City Size of China: Development, Government and Location%中国城市用地规模的影响因素分析——以2005年县级及以上城市为例

    刘涛; 曹广忠


    本文放弃了Mills-Muth模型"就城市论城市"的视角,从区域的视角考察城市用地的规模决定。通过比较静态分析,考察市场化条件下的用地需求变化、各级政府对土地供给的博弈过程和区位约束对城市用地规模的影响,从城市土地供求关系的角度建立了区域视角下的转型期中国城市用地规模决定的一般化概念模型。基于中国626个城市的实证研究验证了概念模型的有效性,发现城市人口和产业规模的增长显著地提高了对城市土地的需求,第二、三产业的影响程度因城市发展阶段而异;经济发展水平和城镇化模式对城市用地规模的影响并不显著。中央政府的建%The classical Mills-Muth model explains city size based on growth of the observed city itself, without considering its regional environment and competition with other cities for capital and population. In this study, the authors established a new model from a regional perspective, which appears to be effective to explain the wide range of city sizes in China. Since China is experiencing rapid industrialization, the industrial development also plays an important role in urban growth, even more important than the growth of urban residents. All urban land in China is owned by the state and operated by city governments, so land-related policies will also deeply influence the urban expansion. In China, there are many cities located in places with bad natural conditions, which may also have an impact on their competition with other cities, and on their land use patterns. The general conceptual model was established in a land supply and demand framework in transitional China, in which influences of industrialization, rural-to-urban migration, interest competition between central and local governments in the fiscal decentralization era, and location constraint on cities were explored by comparative static analysis. An empirical model was then established, in

  1. City PLANTastic

    , any attempt to create a green city is motivated by certain ecological, political and esthetical perspectives. Therefore the role of plants in tomorrows cities is everything but straightforward. Rather, a broad range of possibilities unfolds. City PLANTastic is the title of the 8th World in Denmark...... urbanism, who reflect upon the multiple roles of plants in the future city through their most recent projects. The theme for the 2012 World in Denmark conference is City PLANTastic, which will also be explored by researchers through their works....

  2. Nanotechnology governance

    Kurath, Monika


    Current discourses in science, technology and innovation policy describe a shift from formal, governmental, or statutory regulation to non-hierarchical, informal, and cooperative self-regulatory approaches. They narrate a turn from government to governance, described as a “governance turn.” Governance as a new and popular mode of regulation, deliberation and shared responsibility is often linked to favored attributes of science and technology development, and policy making such as democracy a...

  3. Program governance

    Khan, Muhammad Ehsan


    FOUNDATION OF GOVERNANCEGovernanceDefining GovernanceGovernance at Multiple LevelsSummaryReferencesTransaction Cost EconomicsTransactions-Core Elements and Attributes     Behavioral Assumptions     Governance Structure AttributesHazards of Concern     Incomplete Contracting     Bilateral Dependency and Fundamental Transformation     Adaptation or MaladaptationLinking Governance, Governance Structures, and ContractsThe Impact of Asset Specificity and Behavioral Assumptions on ContractsAp

  4. Plural Governance

    Mols, Niels Peter; Menard, Claude


    Plural governance is a form of governance where a firm both makes and buys similar goods or services. Despite a widespread use of plural governance there are no transaction cost models of how plural governance affects performance. This paper reviews the literature about plural forms and proposes a...... model relating transaction cost and resource-based variables to the cost of the plural form. The model is then used to analyze when the plural form is efficient compared to alternative governance structures. We also use the model to discuss the strength of three plural form synergies....

  5. European Green City Index. Assessing the environmental impact of Europe's major cities

    Shields, K.; Langer, H.; Watson, J. (ed.) [Economist Intelligence Unit, London (United Kingdom); Stelzner, K. [Corporate Communications and Government Affairs, Siemens AG, Muenchen (Germany)


    The European Green City Index measures and rates the environmental performance of 30 leading cities from 30 European countries, as well as their commitment to reducing their environmental impact. It takes into account 30 individual indicators per city, touching on a wide range of environmental areas, from environmental governance and water consumption to waste management and greenhouse gas emissions.

  6. Smart cities of the future

    Batty, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Giannotti, F.; Pozdnoukhov, A.; Bazzani, A.; Wachowicz, M.; Ouzounis, G.; Portugali, Y.


    Here we sketch the rudiments of what constitutes a smart city which we define as a city in which ICT is merged with traditional infrastructures, coordinated and integrated using new digital technologies. We first sketch our vision defining seven goals which concern: developing a new understanding of urban problems; effective and feasible ways to coordinate urban technologies; models and methods for using urban data across spatial and temporal scales; developing new technologies for communication and dissemination; developing new forms of urban governance and organisation; defining critical problems relating to cities, transport, and energy; and identifying risk, uncertainty, and hazards in the smart city. To this, we add six research challenges: to relate the infrastructure of smart cities to their operational functioning and planning through management, control and optimisation; to explore the notion of the city as a laboratory for innovation; to provide portfolios of urban simulation which inform future designs; to develop technologies that ensure equity, fairness and realise a better quality of city life; to develop technologies that ensure informed participation and create shared knowledge for democratic city governance; and to ensure greater and more effective mobility and access to opportunities for urban populations. We begin by defining the state of the art, explaining the science of smart cities. We define six scenarios based on new cities badging themselves as smart, older cities regenerating themselves as smart, the development of science parks, tech cities, and technopoles focused on high technologies, the development of urban services using contemporary ICT, the use of ICT to develop new urban intelligence functions, and the development of online and mobile forms of participation. Seven project areas are then proposed: Integrated Databases for the Smart City, Sensing, Networking and the Impact of New Social Media, Modelling Network Performance


    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans


    This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...... emphasis has been laid on creating a vivid, and engaging social environment in order to create a lab for social, and architectural experi- ments. These goals challenge the city planning as well as the urban sce- nography. The article addresses the research questions: What kind of city life and social...... of an experimental and social en- gaged city environment? The analysis shows that the specific city life at the instant city, Roskilde Festival, can be characterized by being ‘open minded’, ‘playful’ and ‘inclusive’, but also by ‘a culture of laughter’ that penetrates the aesthetics and the urban...

  8. Limerick City


    Postcard. Colour photograph of River Shannon with Limerick City in background. Number 2/LK-018. Printed on reverse "Limerick city, where the Shannon river meets the sea is one of the most progressive of Irish cities, where the past and present mingle pleasantly. That part of the city called Newtown Pery was designed and planned in 1767, and is the Limerick of wide streets crossing at right angles, and the pleasantly tree-sprinkled People's Park. The tall column in the park commemorates Thomas...

  9. Predatory Governance

    Dalida Kadyrzhanova


    This paper argues that imperfect corporate control is a determinant of market structure. We integrate a widely accepted version of the separation of ownership and control -- Jensen's (1986) 'empire-building' hypothesis -- into a dynamic oligopoly model. Our main observation is that, due to product market competition, shareholders face an endogenous opportunity cost of governance. We derive shareholders' optimal governance choices and show analytically that governance has a first-order effect ...

  10. Corporate Governance

    Zingales, Luigi


    This paper summarizes my own personal view of what corporate governance is about. I argue that it makes sense to discuss corporate governance only in an incomplete contract world. In this world, the notion of corporate governance is intrinsically related to the definition of the firm. In this respect, the shortcomings of the existing definitions of the firm are reviewed and the possible applications of the idea that the firm is a ‘nexus of specific investments’ introduced by Rajan and Zingale...

  11. Corporate Governance

    Luigi Zingales


    This essay summarizes my own personal view of what corporate governance is about. I" argue that it makes sense to discuss corporate governance only in an incomplete contract world. " In this world, the notion of corporate governance is intrinsically related to the definition of the" firm. In this respect, I review the shortcomings of the existing definitions of the firm and the" possible applications of the idea that the firm is a specific investments" introduced by" Rajan and Zingales (1997a...

  12. WWW - Administration and Government Exhibition LEPFest 2000


    Governments communicate world-wide, even from tiny countries. Official information for immigrants or visitors is widely available. Cities construct digital equivalents of their administration for their citizens. CERN's administration is an example of a totally web-based service.

  13. Las mujeres han gobernado en Bogotá: ciudad, agendas y asuntos de género The women who have governed in Bogotá: city, agendas and genre matters

    Lya Yaneth Fuentes Vásquez


    the most important entities of the Capital District and that along with the mayors have leaded the city's transformation. The following were the objectives which guided this work: to analyze the composition by sex at first and second decision making levels, to explain the high female presence in government cabinets, to find out if women and genre matters were present in public agendas, to establish if there was an all female "critical mass" in favor of their own interests and to account for the influence of international cooperation in the development of women and genre policies. With such purpose, an ample revision of political documents, appointment acts and curriculum vitas was carried out. 31 women were interviewed, 27 of whom worked in first level management positions in the above referred period and under two of the five mayors.

  14. 78 FR 42057 - National Assessment Governing Board; Meeting


    ... Governing Board. Following her remarks, Governing Board Member and Former CEO of Baltimore City Public Schools Andres Alonso will welcome the Board and provide welcome remarks. This session will be followed...

  15. The Joint Cities

    Romano Fistola


    Full Text Available The new connections, which high speed train allows to activate among the metropolitan systems, seem to be able to give life to new urban macro-structures for which the transfer time, among the main poles of the railway segment, becomes comparable to an inside moving into the city and therefore considered as an inter-functional mobility. The tunnel effect generated by the high speed connection seems to be able to allow a new temporal and functional joint among the metropolitan systems consequently supporting the possibility, for the users, to move themselves among the different urban functions belonging to the different cities. The birth of these urban aggregations seems to drive towards new megalopolis, which we can define for the first time with the term: joint-city. For this new metropolitan settlement it seems to be very interesting to investigate the constitutive peculiarities, the systemic articulation, its relational structures, the evolutionary scenarios, and so on. The urban functions (activities can be considered as structures of relationships between people that allows to define "organizational links" inside the community; the urban functions are located in specific places inside urban container or in open spaces. The urban functions represent the urban engines and the functional system can be thought as the “soul of the city", abstract but essential to its survival. In the definition set out here the analysis is carried out for many interconnected urban functional system points (specifically those in Rome and Naples. The new high speed railway has to be considered not only as a new channel of mobility between cities, but as a real possibility of joint between the functional systems of the two centres. A final consideration can be carried out in relation to the possibility of implementing new measures of governance of urban transformations considering the new macro-city: the "Joint City".

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, This dataset is a boundary file that contains all the Incorporated Areas within the MCCOG MPA., Published in 2000, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Madison County Council of Governments.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2000. It is described as...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Columbia, Maryland Neighborhoods and Villages boundaries - Columbia tax id records joined the state assessment data. Parcels are merged by neighborhood., Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Howard County Government.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  18. Corporate Governance

    Žilková, Alena


    Definition and basic theoretic information about Corporate Governance of big industry company Description and Analyse of corporate Management, the functions of Top Management Members, their role in relationship to owners / shareholders (describtion of used tools for internal control of government, investment and tools for financial analyses)

  19. Strategic Urban Governance

    Pagh, Jesper


    The days of long-term predict-and-provide planning that saw its heydays in the post-war decades are long gone. As our late-modern time presents us with an evermore complex and contrasting view of the world, planning has become a much more fragmented and ambivalent affair. That a country or a city...... Governance is referred to as one of the ways to move forward and in this issue of Twentyfirst we take a closer look at this phenomenon, its preconditions, potentials and inherent contradictions....

  20. Renewing governance.

    Loos, Gregory P


    Globalization's profound influence on social and political institutions need not be negative. Critics of globalization have often referred to the "Impossible Trinity" because decision-making must 1. respect national sovereignty, 2. develop and implement firm regulation, and 3. allow capital markets to be as free as possible. To many, such goals are mutually exclusive because history conditions us to view policy-making and governance in traditional molds. Thus, transnational governance merely appears impossible because current forms of governance were not designed to provide it. The world needs new tools for governing, and its citizens must seize the opportunity to help develop them. The rise of a global society requires a greater level of generality and inclusion than is found in most policy bodies today. Politicians need to re-examine key assumptions about government. States must develop ways to discharge their regulatory responsibilities across borders and collaborate with neighboring jurisdictions, multilateral bodies, and business. Concepts such as multilateralism and tripartism show great promise. Governments must engage civil society in the spirit of shared responsibility and democratic decision-making. Such changes will result in a renewal of the state's purpose and better use of international resources and expertise in governance. PMID:17208717

  1. On Creating the 'City' as a Collective Resource

    Patsy Healey


    There has been much critical comment on the 'narrowness' of conceptions of the 'city' mobilised in urban policy in many parts of Europe, which focus on images of the 'competitive' city, the 'European city' or the 'compact' city. This paper explores the multiple meanings of the 'city' and the way a richer array of meanings may be mobilised into strategic resources for collective action in urban governance contexts. The starting-point is the recognition of the complexity and diversity of urban ...

  2. The Practice and Reflection of the Application for Government Information Disclosure In the case of applying to the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and Nanjing City People’s Government for Information Disclosure%申请政府信息公开的实践与反思--以向国家发改委和南京市政府申请信息公开为例



    The disclosure of government information plays an important role in carrying out the service-oriented government in China. Remarkable results have been achieved since the launch, but meanwhile many problems have emerged. The article takes the application to the NDRC and Nanjing City People’s Government for information disclosure as the case. Through the analysis and comparison, the article holds the view that the central departments are more efficient and active than the local governments in the frequency of information disclosure and updating, and the disclosure of local governments is slightly more formalized, which requires timely improvement. Some corresponding countermeasures are recommended on the basis of the research in the end of the article.%政府信息公开是我国推行服务型政府的重要环节,自推行以来,取得了明显成效,但也存在诸多问题。以向国家发改委和南京市政府申请信息公开的实践为案例,通过分析比较,中央部委比地方更为高效和主动,其公开文件更新频繁,地方政府的公开则略显形式化,应当及时改进,并在此基础上提出相应的对策如下:完善信息公开的法律体系;政府部门应转变行政理念;增加信息公开的形式,保证公开渠道畅通;健全监督机制。

  3. Government Accounting

    Ian Ball; Gary Pflugrath


    As the current sovereign debt crisis engulfing Europe broadens and threatens to bring down more governments and lead the world into another, potentially very serious, economic slowdown, minimal commentary and public debate has focused on a fundamental problem, and the need to address it. That problem is the deficient – and sometimes fraudulent – accounting practices employed by many governments around the world. A major shortcoming of many governments has been highlighted by the crisis â€...

  4. Flying Cities

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan


    Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction....... This cross-modal interaction not only supports our artistic messages, but also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from her/his speech activity. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective is now to cross the bridge...

  5. Research on the Information Architecture of the Government Portal Website---As the Inspection Object of the local city of hunan province%政府门户网站信息构建调查研究--以湖南省地级市政府为例



    本文以湖南省地级市为考察对象,分析研究了地级市政府门户网站的组织系统、导航系统、标识系统和搜索系统的构建,并在此基础上,对地级市政府门户网站的信息构建提出改进策略。%This article takes the loca city of hunan province as the investigation object,analysized and studied the architecture of organizational information system, navigation system, identification system and retrieval system,and put forward the improvement strategies of information architecture of the local city government portal website.

  6. Organizational governance

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    This chapter reviews and discusses rational-choice approaches to organizational governance. These approaches are found primarily in organizational economics (virtually no rational-choice organizational sociology exists), particularly in transaction cost economics, principal-agent theory, and the...

  7. The City as a Teaching Device

    Siegert, Richard


    Hong Kong International School has made extensive use of city resources in teaching concepts of government, world affairs, urban geography, economic geography, and macro-economics, in ways that may be replicated in other urban centers. (MB)

  8. Measuring Governance

    Charles P. Oman; Christiane Arndt


    The use of governance indicators, as applied to developing countries, has grown spectacularly in recent years. Following the maxim that you cannot manage what you cannot measure, international investors and official development aid agencies, together with academics and the media, have turned widely to using quantitative governance indicators for both analytical and decision-making purposes – with far-reaching consequences for developing countries…

  9. Governance matters

    Bloom, David E.; David Steven; Mark Weston


    In a cross-section of more than 150 countries, the authors provide new empirical evidence of a strong causal relationship from better governance to better development outcomes. They base their analysis on a new database containing more than 300 governance indicators compiled from a variety of sources. They provide a detailed description of each of these indicators and sources. Using an unobserved components methodology (described in the companion paper by the same authors,"Aggregating Governa...

  10. Corporate Governance

    Dragoș-Mihail Daghie


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to analyze and understand the recently introduced form of managementof a company limited by shares. The Law no. 441/2006, which fundamentally amended Company Law,created this form of controlling the company, the corporate governance, but the legislation does not explicitlydefine what it wants to achieve through this instrument. This topic is recent in research as the theme ofgerman-roman commercial law systems (in French corporate governance system was introduced in 1966 andin Romania in 2006 but in terms of Anglo-Saxon law, the topic has been addressed years since 1776 (AdamSmith: The Wealth of Nations The concept of corporate governance would like, as a result, to establish somerules that companies must comply in order to achieve effective governance, transparent and beneficial forboth shareholders and for the minority. Corporate governance is a key element with an aim at improvingefficiency and economic growth in full accordance with the increase of investors’ confidence. Corporategovernance assumes a series of relationship between the company management, leadership, shareholders andthe other people concerned. Also corporate governance provides for that structure by means of which thecompany’s targets are set out and the means to achieve them and also the manner how to monitor such.

  11. City Streets

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  12. Potential Cities_

    Budzynski, Scott


    Buildings and urban construction are understood in this paper as representations of the city. Their meanings, however, are often invisible, positing unrealized urban visions, which are both imbedded in and which call up chains of associations expressing desires and fears. Narratives of what the city should be often contain the rejection of the existing urban situation. Understanding architectural objects as potential underscores their imaginary nature. Freud, for example, uses the Roman ruins...

  13. Beautiful city

    Gerald A. Carlino


    Proponents of the City Beautiful movement advocated for sizable public investments in monumental spaces, street beautification, and classical architecture. Today, economists and policymakers see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract people and jobs to cities. But past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisure amenities for urban growth and development. In this article, Jerry Carlino uses a new data set on the number of leisure tourist ...

  14. City Beautiful

    Gerald A. Carlino; Saiz, Albert


    The City Beautiful movement, which in the early 20th century advocated city beautification as a way to improve the living conditions and civic virtues of the urban dweller, had languished by the Great Depression. Today, new urban economic theorists and policymakers are coming to see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract population, especially the highly skilled and their employers. However, past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisur...

  15. Model cities

    M Batty


    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  16. Metropolitan Governance in the Czech Republic

    Kostelecký, Tomáš; Illner, Michal; Vobecká, Jana

    Sainte-Foy (Quebec City): Presses de l’Université Laval, 2007 - (Collin, J.; Robertson, M.), s. 235-258 ISBN 978-2-7637-8524-0 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA7028406 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : metropolitan government * metropolitan governance * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  17. Governability and Citizen Participation

    Giancarla de Quiroga


    Full Text Available bjective conditions that allow for a harmonic relationship between the governors and the governed. We are speaking about a set of conditions for governing by consensus and in harmony. By “citizen participation” we refer to the fact that citizens share in the powerof decision over something that concerns them. In Bolivia, as well in other Latin American countries, citizenship participation in municipal management is a recent phenomena. This article describes the experience of citizenry participation in the municipality ofCochabamba (Bolivia in relation to quality of life and living conditions in a neighborhood. The municipality of Cochabamba has embarked upon a mission of rescue and evaluation of the neighborhood organizations, not only incorporating the population into the processes of participation, but also acting in favor of social integration because this stresses the commitment of the neighborhood citizens in the design of the plans. In conclusion, the unfolding experience in the municipality of Cochabamba makes the fact clear that beyond the concept of governability, the search for a co-government-type relation prevails, one that is more horizontal and equitable and where the population takes on a leading role for bringing about the social cohesion and the sense of belonging needed to face the serious problems that afflict Latin American cities.

  18. Shrinking Cities and Path Dependency

    Mulder, A.


    When cities started shrinking, governments felt they had to do something. Where the main reason for shrinking was the closing down of traditional industry, economic policies were the first to be introduced: first by subsidising and reorganising existing companies, later by trying to create a more di

  19. Stakeholder Governance

    Flak, Leif Skiftenes; Rose, Jeremy


    The e-government field, like most young fields, lacks a strong body of well-developed theory. One strategy for coping with theoretical immaturity is to import and adapt theories from other, more mature fields. This study reviews Stakeholder Theory (ST) and investigates its potential in relation to...... e-Government. Originally a management theory, stakeholder theory advocates addressing the concerns of all stakeholders in a firm, as opposed to concentration on the interests of senior managers and stockholders. Apart from the original profit focus, there is no serious conceptual mismatch between...... stakeholder theory and government’s objective of providing policy and services for citizens and organizations – society’s stakeholders. Potential problems with adapting a management theory to a government setting are discussed. The paper further discusses how information technology impacts a stakeholder model...

  20. Government Regulatory

    Becker, Katie

    Government regulation of food products, food processing, and food preparation is imperative in bringing an unadulterated, nonmisleading, and safe food product to market and is relevant to all areas of food science, including engineering, processing, chemistry, and microbiology. The liability associated with providing consumers with an adulterated or substandard product cannot only tarnish a company's name and reputation, but also impose substantial financial repercussions on the company and those individuals who play an active role in the violation. In order for a company to fully comply with the relevant food laws (both federal and state), an intimate knowledge of food science is required. Individuals knowledgeable in food science play an integral role not only in implementing and counseling food companies/processors to ensure compliance with government regulations, but these individuals are also necessary to the state and federal governments that make and enforce the relevant laws and regulators.

  1. Is City Marketing Opposed to Urban Planning? The Elaboration of a Pilot City Marketing Plan for the Case of Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece

    Deffner, Alex; Metaxas, Theodoros


    The role of city marketing has been increasingly important in Europe. Today it has become a necessity with regard to the processes of global competition of cities, tourist attraction, urban management, city branding and urban governance. Many European cities support their competitiveness through cultural and tourism development. In addition, the majority of the implemented city marketing policies relate with culture and tourism. City marketing has faced many criticisms, the main one being tha...

  2. Electronic Government

    Wimmer, Maria A.; Traunmüller, Roland; Grönlund, Åke;

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Electronic Government, EGOV 2005, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in August 2005. The 30 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions, and assess the state-of-the-art in e...

  3. Mobilizing Government

    Wang, Cancan; Medaglia, Rony; Jensen, Tina Blegind


    The nature of inter-organizational collaboration between government and other stakeholders is rapidly changing with the introduction of open social media (OSM) platforms. Characterized by a high degree of informality as well as a blurred personal/professional nature, OSM can potentially introduce...

  4. Sustainable Low-Carbon City Development in China

    Baeumler, Axel; Ijjasz-Vasquez, Ede; Mehndiratta, Shomik


    Cities contribute an estimated 70 percent of the world's energy-related greenhouse gases (GHG). Their locations, often in low-elevation coastal zones, and large populations make them particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. But cities often take steps, even ahead of national governments, to reduce GHG emissions. So it is with China's cities, which are well placed to chart ...

  5. Small government or big government?



    Full Text Available Since the beginning of the twentieth century, economists and philosophers were polarizedon their positions beyond the role that the government should have in the economy. On one hand John Maynard Keynes represented, within the optics of market economy, a position where the state should intervene in the economy to maintain the aggregate demand and the employment in the country, without hesitation in creating budget deficits and public debt expansion. This approach happens especially in the moments when the domestic economy and global economic trends show a weak growth or a recession. This means a heavy interference inthe economy, with higher income but with high expenditure to GDP too. On the other side, Liberals and Neoliberalsled by Friedrich Hayek advocated a withdrawal of the government from economic activity not just in moments of economic growth but also during the crisis, believing that the market has self-regulating mechanisms within itself. The government, as a result will have a smaller dimension with lower income and also low expenditures compared to the GDP of the country. We took the South-Eastern Europe countries distinguishing those with a "Big Government" or countries with "Small Government". There are analyzed the economic performances during the global crisis (2007-2014. In which countries the public debt grew less? Which country managed to attract more investments and which were the countries that preserved the purchasing power of their consumers? We shall see if during the economic crisis in Eastern Europe the Great Government or the Liberal and "Small" one has been the most successful the model.

  6. City Branding

    Trads, Søren Frimann; Stigel, Jørgen


    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services with...... potential visitors, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of...... - or willingness to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  7. Soft Cities

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi


    This paper presents a project exploring sustainable ways of urban living. The project renders a scenario comprised of an array of simple conversions of existing urban spaces and buildings, in the attempt to tie strategies ranging from urban planning to interior design into a coherent vision of a...... sustainable future. The project is the result of a joint research study between Denmark and Japan. Taking as its example the city of Kyoto, the project investigates some possible strategies on how cities more generally may be transformed into liveable, healthy and ecologically sensible environments....

  8. The Advancement of World Digital Cities

    Yasuoka, Mika; Ishida, Toru; Aurigi, Alessandro


    activities appeared in the early 1990s. In Europe, more than one hundred digital cities have been tried, often supported by local government, central government and EU in the name of local digitalization. Asian countries have actively adopted the latest information technologies as a part of national...... initiatives. In the past 15 years since the first stage of digital cities, the development of the original digital cities has leveled off or stabilized. In spite of that, by looking back at the trajectory of digital cities, it is clear that digital environments in cities often benefit from the previous...

  9. Innovation in Governance

    Li Li


    More than two decades ago,Zhang Kun,a 65-year-old businessman and former teacher in Dongguan City,Guangdong Province,embarked on a philanthropic journey to help poor children.In 1988,Zhang came across a letter from a poor student seeking financial help to finish her education.He helped the writer and then paid dozens of visits to schools in remote rural areas to find more children in need.Over time,his philanthropic mission attracted a group of like-minded donors.Together,they have supported around 4,000 students over the past 23 years.However,Zhang has had difficulty getting approval for his charitable organization from the local government.Five times in the past seven years,he tried to register with the civil affairs department of the local government,but his applications were rejected each time.According to the Regulation on Registration and Administration of Social Organizations,which became effective in 1998,non-governmental organizations (NGOs) must find a government department or agency to be their supervisory body before they can be legally registered.Zhang had not been able to find a supervisory body.In July 2011,Minister of Civil Affairs Li Liguo announced at a meeting that independent nonprofit organizations in the fields of charity,social welfare and social services would be allowed to register directly with civil affairs departments,without first finding a supervisory body.

  10. BASIS: A big data architecture for smart cities

    Costa, Carlos; Santos, Maribel Yasmina


    Nowadays, cities are the common choice for living, representing a complex system where governments need to perform adequately, despite current restrictions, in order to satisfy the needs of the citizens and overcome economic, social and environmental sustainability challenges. The Smart City term emerges to conceptualize the need to understand citizens, namely their services demand and their relevance in a participatory government. Smart Cities are known for their human dynamics, which makes ...

  11. Fun City

    Once the blues guitarist B.B. King sang that when he "didn't wanna live no more", he would go shopping instead. Now, however, shopping has become a lifestyle... The city of today has become "Disneyfied" and "Tivolized". It has become a scene for events. The aim of the book is to encircle and pin ...

  12. City Geology.

    Markle, Sandra


    This article provides information on the evolution of the building material, concrete, and suggests hands-on activities that allow students to experience concrete's qualities, test the heat absorbency of various ground surface materials, discover how an area's geology changes, and search for city fossils. A reproducible activity sheet is included.…

  13. Plural Governance

    Mols, Niels Peter; Hansen, Jesper Rosenberg; Villadsen, Anders Ryom

    We suggest that both making and buying the same product or service has several effects on market performance. A model is developed and tested by use of 170 answers gathered from the Danish municipalities. The results support the hypotheses that both making and buying: (1) moderates the negative r...... on how the plurality is measured. The results indicate that internal production may facilitate effective governance of the relationships with suppliers. Implications for research on firm boundaries and for practice are also discussed....


    Dan Alexandru SITARU


    The work is aimed to examine the issues “corporate governance” involves, with the goal set to clarify the meanings of such notion, and to provide an overall image of the positive effects arising implementing the corporate governance principles. The first section includes a series of definitions for the purpose of explaining and outlining the concept of “corporate governance”, subsequently giving a definition that appears adequate to us, from the legal standpoint pre eminently. The second sect...

  15. Analysis of the Responsibilities and Authorities in Governance Structure of Public Hospitals in Shanghai City%上海市公立医院治理结构的职能和权力分析

    张冬慧; 涂诗意; 薛迪


    Through the key informers and questionnaire surveys, the responsibilities and authorities of 3 types of 'current governance structures of public hospitals in Shanghai are analyzed. The diversities of governance structures of public hospitals in Shanghai and their differences in responsibilities and authorities are indicated. The direction of the governance structure's reform of public hospitals in Shanghai is also suggested.%通过关键知情者访谈和问卷调查.分析了目前上海市公立医院3种治理模式的职能和权力.指出了上海市公立医院治理形态的多样化、不同治理模式的不同职能和权力结构,并对上海市公立医院治理结构改革的方向提出了建议.


    Dan Alexandru SITARU


    Full Text Available The work is aimed to examine the issues “corporate governance” involves, with the goal set to clarify the meanings of such notion, and to provide an overall image of the positive effects arising implementing the corporate governance principles. The first section includes a series of definitions for the purpose of explaining and outlining the concept of “corporate governance”, subsequently giving a definition that appears adequate to us, from the legal standpoint pre eminently. The second section has for purpose to state the corporate governance Principles, and briefly examine the same. Its purpose also includes concretely illustrating the efficient operation methods for a “corporation”, as well as the main dilemmas, and the existing solutions for the same within the internal structure of a joint stock company to adopt, and subject itself to, such principles. Finally, the last section of the work underlines the corporate governance importance, and states the goals to be attained for purposes of securing effective, balanced, and not in the last place profitable management.

  17. Creating more just cities: The right to the city and capability approach combined

    Deneulin, Séverine


    Eighty percent of the Latin American population is now urban, but the urbanization process has been accompanied by greater inequality and social segregation. To address urban exclusion, the idea of 'the right to the city' is increasingly being endorsed by international organizations and national governments as conceptual framework for urban policy towards more inclusive cities. The paper argues that the right to the city is a limited framework to revert the fragmentation trend of the Latin Am...

  18. Citizenship in the electronically networked city

    Viitanen, Jenni Vilhelmiina


    This research contributes to the debate about the impacts of ICTs on the business of local government. It conceptualises the city as a site of local governance where ICTs have an impact on the social, political and economic complexities. Indeed, the starting point of this research is the widely held view that technology holds promise to alleviate both economic and democratic challenges faced by local government today. The conceptual framework combines Manuel Castells' Network Society with the...

  19. The Synergy between City Human Resources and City Economy Development Based on the City Marketing: The Case of Chengdu

    Bo Pu


    Full Text Available City human resources and the city economic development have a synergistic effect to attract high-quality talent and to encourage the sustainable development of the urban economy in the city marketing. Based on synergetics, we find out the evaluation indexes between the city human resources subsystem and urban economic development subsystem and constructed the evaluation system and model, and then used the yearbook data of Chengdu human resources and economic development from 2002 to 2012 and carried on empirical research. The results show that the level of coordinated development is weak between city human resources and city economic development at Chengdu, but it keeps rising slowly. The strong policy support shall be provided to Chengdu human resources and economic development by Chengdu government.

  20. 社交媒体视阈下的社会治理创新研究--以南京市为例%Research on Social Governance from the Perspective of Social Media---Taking Nanjing City as an Example

    华彦玲; 申雨鑫


    The rapid development of social media is quickly becoming a platform and main channel for views and suggestions of public affairs and topics and it is also becoming an important channel for gov-ernments to optimize social governance in the Internet era.It can be said that the whole society has en-tered an era of social governance with social media.But there are problems in using social media for social governance:imperfect analysis of livelihood needs,unclear thought of virtual community and low specialization of social media for social mobilization .Therefore,it is urgent to use social media to establish a coping mechanism to monitor and analyze livelihood information of social media ,strength-en the governance system of social media ,innovate governance ideas ,establish an online mobilization model and innovate social governance such as,agenda-setting in social media.%社交媒体正快速成为公众针对各种公共事务及公共话题表达意见和建议的平台和主要渠道。它正在悄然改变社会治理方式,正成为互联网时代政府优化社会治理的重要渠道。可以说,整个社会已经步入一个利用社交媒体进行社会治理时代,社交媒体已成为公众行使知情权、参与权、表达权和监督权的重要渠道。但目前,政府在运用社交媒体进行社会治理时还存在民生需求分析机制不完善、虚拟社区思路不清晰、社交媒体社会动员专业化程度不高等问题。因此,急需创新利用社交媒体建立社交媒体民生信息监测、分析与应对机制,加强社交媒体治理体制建设,创新治理理念,建立线上线下相结合的动员模式,加强社交媒体中议程设置等社会治理方式。

  1. Leviathan or Median-Voter: Who Runs City Hall?

    Rexford E. Santerre


    This study examines the effect of interjurisdictional competition and city age, as a proxy for special interest group activities, on the size of city government. Unlike previous studies on the Leviathan theory, the empirical analysis is well grounded in a median-voter model. The empirical results find mixed support for a Leviathan in city hall. On the one hand, city expenditures are found to be higher rather than lower with more intense competition. On the other hand, longer periods of democr...

  2. Lines of sociological analysis of times policies in the city

    Carmen Belloni


    1. Innovative elements 1.1. The city Interest in the city as a subject of study: the city is defined as an administrative and government unit, a morphological unit, a unit of identification. Definition of the city as a social entity: the city not only as an administrative and/or planning unit, but also as the result of the needs and behaviours of inhabitants and of city users. Analytical definition of the population: the citizens not as an undifferentiated unit, but as a plurality of actor...

  3. Lines of sociological analysis of times policies in the city

    Carmen Belloni


    Full Text Available 1. Innovative elements 1.1. The city Interest in the city as a subject of study: the city is defined as an administrative and government unit, a morphological unit, a unit of identification. Definition of the city as a social entity: the city not only as an administrative and/or planning unit, but also as the result of the needs and behaviours of inhabitants and of city users. Analytical definition of the population: the citizens not as an undifferentiated unit, but as a plurality of actor...

  4. Regulating Government

    Probst, Katherine; Davies, J. Clarence


    Federal, state, and local governments are major polluters of the environment. They account for more than 7% of SO2 air pollution emissions and more than 5% of all NO2 air emissions in the United States. Public entities are more likely than private ones to be in violation of the Clean Water Act, and they account for two-thirds of all major facilities in significant noncompliance with the act. Department of Energy nuclear sites are the worst hazardous waste problems in the nation. A lack of ade...

  5. Governing Warfare

    Harste, Gorm

      It would seem as though warfare has gotten out of control, not only in Iraq and Afghanistan, but also in Central Africa. The paper outlines the strategic history of politically controlled warfare since the early Enlightenment. The argument is that control is implausible. The idea of control has...... risks of lacking unity and displays the organisational trap to the fatal political myth of controlled warfare: Does it come from the military organisation system itself, from political ideologies of goal-rational governance, or from the chameleonic logic of wars?  ...

  6. A Study on Corporate Governance of Vietnamese Firms

    Phung, Dinh Trong; Toma, Masayoshi


    Based on the result of actual survey concerning corporate governance of Japanese companies conducted by study group at Wako University, a short survey was conducted at four companies in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Through this survey, this paper introduces briefly about corporate governance of Vietnamese companies and notes some differences of corporate governance between Japanese companies and Vietnamese companies.

  7. 基层社会组织参与社会治理创新的实践探索--以合肥市为例%An Empirical Study of Community Social Organizationˊs Participating in Social Governance---Taking Hefei City as An Example



    Based on the relevant research literature of domestic social organizations to participate in grass -roots social governance,the status quo,system environment,innovation characteristics and existing problems in Hefeiˊs community social organizationˊs participating in grass - roots social governance are discussed,and the rea-sons of restricting the development of basic social organizations in Hefei city are analyzed. From that,this paper puts forward the policy suggestions to further stimulate the vitality of social organizations,and to enhance basic so-cial organizationˊs capacity in participating in the grass - roots social governance.%基于国内基层社会组织参与社会治理的相关研究文献,对合肥市基层社会组织参与社会治理的现状、制度环境、创新特色以及存在的问题进行探讨。在此基础上,提出进一步激发基层社会组织活力,提升合肥市基层社会组织参与社会治理能力的政策性建议。

  8. Sustainable Cities

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    Judging from the number of communities and cities striving or claiming to be sustainable and how often eco-development is invoked as the means for urban regeneration, it appears that sustainable and eco-development have become “the leading paradigm within urban development” (Whitehead 2003). But......), urban design competitions are understudied mechanisms for bringing about field level changes. Drawing on actor network theory, this paper examines how urban design competitions may bring about changes within the professional field through the use of intermediaries such as a sustainable planning....../assessment tool. The context for our study is urban regeneration in one Danish city, which had been suffering from industrial decline and which is currently investing in establishing a “sustainable city”. Based on this case study we explore how the insights and inspiration evoked in working with the tool...

  9. Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments, (Revised) August 2009


    DOE has developed this guide to help local governments design and implement local solar plans. This guide includes examples and models tested in cities. Many of the examples are results of DOE's Solar America Cities Program.

  10. 9 May 2008 - Signature of the Protocol to the co-operation agreement dated 21 January 2006 between King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) on behalf of the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, represented by M. I. Al-Suwaiyel and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), represented by R. Aymar, concerning the further development of scientific and technical co-operation in high-energy physics

    Maximilien Brice


    9 May 2008 - Signature of the Protocol to the co-operation agreement dated 21 January 2006 between King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) on behalf of the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, represented by M. I. Al-Suwaiyel and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), represented by R. Aymar, concerning the further development of scientific and technical co-operation in high-energy physics

  11. Local government`s pollution prevention program

    Swanson, D. [Boulder Country Pollution Prevention Program, Boulder, CO (United States)


    The pollution prevention program operated by the Health Department of Boulder County is called Business Partners for a Clean Environment (Business Partners). It is a cooperative effort among local businesses, the City of Boulder, Boulder County, and the Boulder Chamber of Commerce. This nonregulatory, incentive-based program provides industry with pollution prevention information and technical assistance necessary to reduce and/or eliminate environmental waste. This paper provides an overview of the program development, creation of partnerships and trust, and some of the results from implementation of the program. Following the first 18 months of the program, 35 businesses were recognized as Business Partners. The Business Partners program has also received an achievement award from the National Association of Counties for promoting {open_quotes}responsible, responsive, and effective government{close_quotes} and two governor`s awards from the State of Colorado. Participating businesses have demonstrated that a pollution prevention program can reduce environmental waste, increase employee safety, and decrease costs. 4 refs., 4 figs., 5 tabs.


    Somila Surabhi; Meenakshi Bakshi Mehan; Sirimavo Nair


    To assess nutritional status of adolescents (10-12 years) from non government funded schools (private) of Gujarat, India. Teachers & parents of adolescent children were assessed regarding their knowledge, attitude and practices of healthy dietary & lifestyle behaviours. School canteen services were also critically evaluated. Parent’s willingness, to start a nutrition program in the school was also assessed. A cross sectional study was conducted on adolescents (10-12 years) from two selected p...

  13. Governing Engineering

    Buch, Anders


    Abstract: Most people agree that our world faces daunting problems and, correctly or not, technological solutions are seen as an integral part of an overall solution. But what exactly are the problems and how does the engineering ‘mind set’ frame these problems? This chapter sets out to unravel...... dominant perspectives in challenge perception in engineering in the US and Denmark. Challenge perception and response strategies are closely linked through discursive practices. Challenge perceptions within the engineering community and the surrounding society are thus critical for the shaping of...... engineering education and the engineering profession. Through an analysis of influential reports and position papers on engineering and engineering education the chapter sets out to identify how engineering is problematized and eventually governed. Drawing on insights from governmentality studies the chapter...

  14. Internet Governance

    Pedro Veiga


    Full Text Available It has now become quite obvious that the Internet has brought significant changes to our society and a break on how we lived before its emergence. It is still too early to assess the impact on society of the new services at our disposal, such as the capacity to communicate faster and cheaper on a global scale, access information and, perhaps more importantly, to produce and disseminate information in a way that is accessible to all.It is clear that the advent of the Information Society implies changes in our society that constitute a point of no return. However, contrary to what happened when we entered the Industrial Age about three centuries ago, when the changing process was slow and led by older individuals, these days the entrance into the Information Society is taking place rapidly and the decisive players are younger people. The global nature of the Internet, the possibility of producing and distributing any type of content in digital form at almost zero cost, as well as the vast number of people who use the web, have highlighted the need for new forms of intervention in a sector where there are many types of players. It is in this context that the problem of Internet Governance becomes a very current issue, inasmuch as one feels the need to guarantee a diversity of rights and duties, which may appear difficult to reconcile.This paper presents a brief overview of the main players and initiatives which, in the field of Internet Governance, have tried to contribute to turning this network into a factor for social development and democraticity on a global scale.

  15. 公立医院法人治理结构研究——以深圳市南山医院为例%Corporate Governance Structure of Public Hospitals——the Case of Nanshan Hospital in the City of Shenzhen

    孙涛; 谢东明


    深圳市南山医院在坚持公益性质前提下,探索建立理事会模式的法人治理结构,有助于决策权、执行权、监督权的有效分离,解决了由管办分开导致的委托代理问题.从几年的试点来看,提升了办医效率,产生了社会效益.下一步,公立医院法人治理结构的进一步完善,需要增强理事会成员的代表性与专业性,提高理事会治理的自主性,改革绩效管理,构建良好的法人治理外部环境.%At the insistence of public nature, Nanshan Hospital in the City of Shenzhen establishes a council mode of corporate governance structure and achieves a separation of decision, execution, and supervision powers, which help Nanshan Hospital to solve the principal-agent problem caused by the separation of supervision from operation of public hospital and also acquire better hospital efficiency and social benefits. In order to promote the practice of corporate governance structure of public hospitals, we should enhance the representativeness and professionalism of council members, increase the autonomy of council governance, implement a new performance management model, and build a good environment for corporate governance.

  16. Building energy governance in Shanghai

    Kung, YiHsiu Michelle

    With Asia's surging economies and urbanization, the region is adding to its built environment at an unprecedented rate, especially those population centers in China and India. With numerous existing buildings, plus a new building boom, construction in these major Asian cities has caused momentous sustainability challenges. This dissertation focuses on China's leading city, Shanghai, to explore and assess its existing commercial building energy policies and practices. Research estimates that Shanghai's commercial buildings might become a key challenge with regard to energy use and CO2 emissions as compared to other major Asian cities. Relevant building energy policy instruments at national and local levels for commercial buildings are reviewed. In addition, two benchmarks are established to further assess building energy policies in Shanghai. The first benchmark is based on the synthesis of relevant criteria and policy instruments as recommended by professional organizations, while the second practical benchmark is drawn from an analysis of three global cities: New York, London and Tokyo. Moreover, two large-scale commercial building sites - Shanghai IKEA and Plaza 66 - are selected for investigation and assessment of their efforts on building energy saving measures. Detailed building energy savings, CO2 reductions, and management cost reductions based on data availability and calculations are presented with the co-benefits approach. The research additionally analyzes different interventions and factors that facilitate or constrain the implementation process of building energy saving measures in each case. Furthermore, a multi-scale analytical framework is employed to investigate relevant stakeholders that shape Shanghai's commercial building energy governance. Research findings and policy recommendations are offered at the close of this dissertation. Findings and policy recommendations are intended to facilitate commercial building energy governance in Shanghai and

  17. Flying Cities

    Ciger, Jan


    of providing a tangible correspondence between the two spaces. This interaction mean has proved to suit the artistic expression well but it also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from speech activity, a new medium for creativity and a way to visually perceive a vocal...... performance. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective now is to cross the bridge between art and the potential applications to the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or for the treatment of language impairments....

  18. 75 FR 62916 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “India's Fabled City: The...


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``India's Fabled City: The Art of... ``India's Fabled City: The Art of Courtly Lucknow,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  19. Human Limitations to Introduction of Smart Cities: Comparative Analysis From Two CEE Cities

    Daniel KLIMOVSKÝ


    Full Text Available Abstract Smart cities are a modern administrative/ developmental concept that tries to combine the development of urban areas with a higher level of citizens’ participation. However, there is a lack of understanding of the concept’s potential, due possibly to an unwillingness to accept a new form of relationship with the citizens. In this article, the willingness to introduce the elements of smart cities into two Central and Eastern European cities is tested. The results show that people are reluctant to use technology above the level of their needs and show little interest in participating in matters of governance, which prevents smart cities from developing in reality.

  20. The role of trust in e-government adoption: A systematic literature review

    M. Mahmood; M Osmani; Sivarajah, U


    Electronic government (e-government) is a concept that has been adopted in most countries for the purposes of providing government services digitally, improving transparency between government and citizens and enabling additional communication channels with the government. Although e-government readiness in most countries is at a high level, adoption of e-government services is still considered tentative. A critical review of the literature suggests that this may be linked to citi...

  1. Trust in Spanish Governments: Antecedents and Consequences

    Gloria Alarcón García; Edgardo Ayala Gaytán


    We used the Fiscal Observatory Survey of the University of Murcia (2007) to examine the antecedents of trust in the Spanish government (at city, regional and state levels). We found that the main drivers of trust are individuals’ perception of the government’s performance and the socio-economic environment in which they live. Regarding the consequences, we tested a variant of the rule compliance hypothesis: the higher the trust in the government, the higher the citizens’ fiscal awareness, mea...

  2. Branding Cities, Changing Societies

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Societal changes are seldom discussed in the literature on city branding. The time element is important because it highlights the fluctuating reality of society. The city brand message freezes the place but in fact, the city branding exercise is a continuous process. Society emerges too. City...... brands are supposed to accentuate the uniqueness of the city, be built from the bottom-up and reflect the city's identity. This paper highlights three paradoxes, pointing out that city branding processes can also make cities more alike, bring about societal changes and forge new city identities. A city...... branding campaign does not just present the city, it may change the city. The relationships between the branding exercise and the city are intertwined in the evolution of the place....

  3. Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities

    Kearns, Peter


    This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

  4. Why lifelong learning and why learning cities?

    Osborne, Michael


    This article is based on a keynote presentation made in May 2014 at the Townsville Learning Cities conference in Australia, one of a series of regional events organized by the Australian Learning Community Network. The presentation sought to answer a series of specific questions that had been posed by the city of Townsville as follows: What are the Community benefits of a local government emphasis on lifelong learning? How do we engage youth in learning? How do we reengage adults in learning ...

  5. An Integrated Platform of Digital City: Electronic Government Channel(EGC)%数字城市的一个集成平台--电子政府通道(EGC)

    陈晟; 杨宗凯


    数字城市发展的一个核心技术就是集成技术,就数字城市中电子政府发展过程中面临的集成问题,提出了电子政府通道(E-Government Channel,EGC),一种新的集成平台模型.通过电子政府通道可以有效地解决政府内部系统的互连和集成问题,并在此基础上建立政府部门向公众用户、企业及其它行业部门提供电子化公共服务的系统.

  6. Engineering governance: introducing a governance meta framework.

    Brand, N; Beens, B.; Vuuregge, E.; Batenburg, R.


    There is a need for a framework that depicts strategic choices within an organisation with regard to potential governance structures. The governance meta framework provides the necessary structure in the current developments of governance. Performance as well as conformance are embedded in this framework and provide the balance for all governance domains. (aut.ref.)

  7. Environmental issues of an intermediate city

    Our urban centers present a unique dimension of environmental problems. They are at one and the same time, enormous consumers of natural resources and produces of waste and pollution. In this respect intermediate cities and small towns appear to be more vulnerable to natural catastrophes and ecological accidents caused by human factors. While in large cities there exist pressure groups which attain government attention for the solution of their problems and have well equipped municipalities. However, a vast majority of the population lives in rural areas and depends upon medium sized cities and towns for access to services. These cities and towns form the pivot of economic, social, cultural and political life for a large part of the population. Therefore, it deserves more attention than bigger ones. This paper explores local people perception about urban environmental problems exist in the city. Attempts are also made to shape and guide municipality efforts to overcome such problems with available resources. (author)

  8. Workforce mobility: Contributing towards smart city

    Nor, N. M.; Wahap, N. A.


    Smart cities gained importance as a means of making ICT enabled services and applications available to the citizens, companies and authorities that form part of a city's system. It aims at increasing citizen's quality of life, and improving the efficiency and quality of the services provided by governing entities and businesses. This perspective requires an integrated vision of a city and of its infrastructures in all components. One of the characteristics of a smart city is mobility. The concept of mobility, especially for the workforce, is studied through a research carried out on a daily work undertaken as a prototype in the administrative town of Putrajaya, Malaysia. Utilizing the location track from GNSS integrated with mobile devices platform, information on movement and mobility was analysed for quality and efficiency of services rendered. This paper will highlight the research and outcomes that were successfully carried out and will suggest that workforce mobility management can benefit the authorities towards implementing a smart city concept.

  9. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers,...

  10. Toward a typology of sustainability for cities

    Ken Doust


    Full Text Available Sustainability responses must accelerate to avoid major risks to cities. Climate change impact on cities, likely to be significant if global sustainability initiatives are not quickened, is a paramount example of the risk. World wide meetings of city planning practitioners and researchers agree that an urgent agenda is to work together to empower cities and their governments with funds, tools and mentoring to make the responses needed. In the spirit of this urgent agenda, this paper introduces some practical methods for assessing sustainability associated with transport and urban form in our cities. A concept of strategic scans of future scenarios, which underpins the backcasting approach, has been introduced at the 12 th World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR in 2010 and has broken urban and transport planning trend. These strategic scans are based on a sustainability framework, the elements of which provide evidence based drivers of sustainability. The framework culminates in metric visualisations for each of the three pillars of sustainability. The paper details some of the operational aspects of these metrics in the form of environmental sustainability-accessibility space, putting into practice measures of environmental stewardship, social equity, economic efficiency, and the relationship among them. The paper concludes with a call of developing a typology of sustainability performance using the strategic scan methodology to extend the principles of the methodology into a useful tool for city governments and contribute to assembling a daTablease of city forms, transport structures, and their sustainability performances.

  11. Mayoral School Leadership and Integrated Governance

    Center for the Study of Education Policy, 2009


    The past two decades have seen an emerging trend in urban school governance: mayors taking the reins of school district leadership. The impetus for putting the mayor in charge of a city's schools usually stems from at least one of the following being documented or generally perceived about an urban school district: (1) Lack of accountability; (2)…

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  13. Sister Cities Flourish


    @@ Building sister city relation,also known as friendsh ip city,is a common channel for cities in different countries to keep a closer tie and communication.According to the statistics from China International Friendship Cities Association,up to the end of 2007,1087 provinces and states and 314 cities from 120 countries in the world have found their sister cities in China.Among them,Japan has the largest amount of Chinese sister cities,that is 200 provinces and 33 cities,and takes up almost 17 percent of the total number.

  14. Semantic web approach for dealing with administrative boundary revisions: a case study of Dhaka City

    Pervin, Shiuli


    Dhaka City is the capital of Bangladesh and boundary revisions of Dhaka city refers to the changes of Dhaka city administrative boundary or jurisdiction over time. Dhaka is growing very fast in terms of population and area. So, government is redefining city boundaries and also making big units into several parts for better city management. Now, the challenge is to deal with these changes of administrative regions that seem to be helpful to match with census record that comes out every ten to ...

  15. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Xinquan; Zhu


    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  16. Heritage conservation for city marketing: The imaging of the historic city of Georgetown, Penang

    Sumarni Ismail ,


    Full Text Available The process of imaging for city marketing purposes has the implication on culture, conservation and heritage. City marketing, especially in the European context, has been examined in interdisciplinary literature with special focus on imaging for tourism. Little is reported about the imaging of those cities' ex-colonies in the East. The Historic City of Georgetown in Penang, dubbed 'the City of Living Culture', has been gearing her development towards living up to the image. This paper examines the imaging of the Historic City of Georgetown for heritage tourism and city marketing tool by the public agencies involved. A short introduction to city marketing, imaging and heritage tourism is offered due to sparse literature in the built environment literature and to serve as a foundation to the main discourse of this paper. The bulk of this paper discusses the conservation of heritage as image dimensions in the marketing of Georgetown. We submitted that Georgetown has successfully utilised and capitalised on its cultural diversity and tangible heritage based on its colonial legacy to promote the city as evidenced by its recent inscription into UNESCO's World Heritage Site list. Nonetheless, building and maintaining the synergy between the government, the private sector and the people is essential for the city's heritage tourism industry.

  17. Beijing, a global city in the making

    Arifon, Olivier


    Development and social changes are part of communication studies and research. In this context, “territorial intelligence” or territorial marketing, a part of competitive intelligence devoted to cities and territories, proposes interesting opportunities of research. This field try to identify the factors and the potential of a territory in order to develop it with govern-ance and coordination of actors. While traditionally the Anglo-Saxon approach has empha-sized real estate and economic fact...


    Somila Surabhi


    Full Text Available To assess nutritional status of adolescents (10-12 years from non government funded schools (private of Gujarat, India. Teachers & parents of adolescent children were assessed regarding their knowledge, attitude and practices of healthy dietary & lifestyle behaviours. School canteen services were also critically evaluated. Parent’s willingness, to start a nutrition program in the school was also assessed. A cross sectional study was conducted on adolescents (10-12 years from two selected private schools. Anthropometric, biophysical and hemoglobin estimations were done on all children. Lipid and glucose profile was conducted only on over weight (including obese children. Results reveal that canteen offered unhealthy food. Teachers and parents had insufficient knowledge about healthy behaviors. Most (53.5% of the parents agreed to the changes proposed for canteen menus. About 3/4th of the subjects were malnourished (78.9%, with more (53.7% being under weight than over weight and obese (25.2%. Similarly, more than half (55.1% of the subjects were anemic. Central obesity as indicated by WHtR & WC was 21.6% and 9.0% respectively. The burden of sub optimal blood pressure was very high (26.3% among adolescents (Pre hypertension 13.7% and hypertension 12.6%. Hence, malnutrition along with anemia and high blood pressure were significant problems in private schools. Schools being the best setting to approach adolescents and parents, multi disciplinary programs should be part of school policies to prevent and manage triple burden of malnutrition and its adverse consequences among the adolescents from private schools.

  19. Duesseldorf :An Attractive City for Investments in Germany

    Li Zhen


    @@ At the 3rd Chinese Enterprises Outbound Investment Conference,a seminar was sponsored by Duesseldorf municipal government,a city of 600,000 inhabitants in Germany,in hopes of attracting Chinese investments.

  20. Metropolitan governance rescaling in Belgium, France and United Kingdom. Studying boundaries of urban governments through the application of an analytical framework for institutional changes.

    Breuer, Christophe


    Second tier European cities (small metropolis or regional cities) are subject to permanent reconfigurations of their governance. These changes are the response to both external and internal transformations. On the one side, they are facing external pressures as increased competition between cities, European integration, legislative evolution or paradigm switch. On the other side, cities are dealing with internal problems: urban sprawl, socio-spatial segregation, actors’ fragmentation, financi...

  1. Low-carbon infrastructure strategies for cities

    Kennedy, C. A.; Ibrahim, N.; Hoornweg, D.


    Reducing greenhouse gas emissions to avert potentially disastrous global climate change requires substantial redevelopment of infrastructure systems. Cities are recognized as key actors for leading such climate change mitigation efforts. We have studied the greenhouse gas inventories and underlying characteristics of 22 global cities. These cities differ in terms of their climates, income, levels of industrial activity, urban form and existing carbon intensity of electricity supply. Here we show how these differences in city characteristics lead to wide variations in the type of strategies that can be used for reducing emissions. Cities experiencing greater than ~1,500 heating degree days (below an 18 °C base), for example, will review building construction and retrofitting for cold climates. Electrification of infrastructure technologies is effective for cities where the carbon intensity of the grid is lower than ~600 tCO2e GWh-1 whereas transportation strategies will differ between low urban density (~6,000 persons km-2) cities. As nation states negotiate targets and develop policies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, attention to the specific characteristics of their cities will broaden and improve their suite of options. Beyond carbon pricing, markets and taxation, governments may develop policies and target spending towards low-carbon urban infrastructure.

  2. Smart Cities: A Survey on Security Concerns

    Sidra Ijaz


    Full Text Available A smart city is developed, deployed and maintained with the help of Internet of Things (IoT. The smart cities have become an emerging phenomena with rapid urban growth and boost in the field of information technology. However, the function and operation of a smart city is subject to the pivotal development of security architectures. The contribution made in this paper is twofold. Firstly, it aims to provide a detailed, categorized and comprehensive overview of the research on security problems and their existing solutions for smart cities. The categorization is based on several factors such as governance, socioeconomic and technological factors. This classification provides an easy and concise view of the security threats, vulnerabilities and available solutions for the respective technologies areas that are proposed over the period 2010-2015. Secondly, an IoT testbed for smart cities architecture, i.e., SmartSantander is also analyzed with respect to security threats and vulnerabilities to smart cities. The existing best practices regarding smart city security are discussed and analyzed with respect to their performance, which could be used by different stakeholders of the smart cities.

  3. The local library across the digital and physical city: Opportunities for economic development

    Kirralie Houghton; Marcus Foth; Evonne Miller


    This paper considers the role of the public library as a community hub, engagement space, and entrepreneurial incubator in the context of the city, city governance, and local government planning. It considers this role from the perspective of library experts and their future visions for libraries in a networked knowledge economy. Public libraries (often operated by or on behalf of local governments) potentially play a pivotal role for local governments in positioning communities within the gl...

  4. Masdar City : A Model of Urban Environmental Sustainability

    Kapil Bajaj


    Masdar City is an archeology project in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. Its core is a planned city, which is being built by Masdar, a subsidiary of Mubadala Development Company, with the majority of seed capital provided by the government of Abu Dhabi. Designed by the British architectural firm Foster and Partners and engineering and environmental consultancy Mott MacDonald, the city will rely entirely on solar energy and other renewable energy sources, with a zero waste ecology. It i...

  5. The municipal archives of the City of New York

    Cobb, Kenneth R.


    Ith some 100,000 cubic feet of civic documents, vital and building records, libers, films and photographs, New York City's Municipal Archives is a magnet for researchers. Among those who benefit from centralized access to the wealth of material deposited in the Archives by city government agencies are genealogists, urban scholars and architectural historians.

  6. Empowering cities : good for growth ? evidence from China

    Zhu, T. Juni; Mukim, Megha


    This paper utilizes a countrywide, county-to-city upgrade in the 1990s to identify whether extending the powers of urban local governments leads to better firm outcomes. The paper hypothesizes that since local leaders in newly-promoted cities have an incentive to utilize their new administrative remit to maximize gross domestic product and employment growth, there should be improvements in...

  7. "RIF"-ing New York City's Schools: Some Afterthoughts

    New York University Education Quarterly, 1978


    Representatives of the New York City Board of Education, the United Federation of Teachers, and the Public Education Association probe the decision making that governed the "Reduction in Force" of 16,000 New York City schoolteachers during the 1975-1977 fiscal crisis. (Editor)

  8. 大数据背景下政府治理模式现代化研究--亳州市网上办事大厅的探索与实践%A Study on Modernization of Governance Model under the Background of Big Data---An Exploration and Practice of the Online Service Hall in Bozhou City



    Based on the exploration and practice of Bozhou City online services hall ,from the four aspects as agglutination clear objectives ,re‐integration of resources ,effective use of tools ,and scientifically control re‐sponsibility ,the paper analyzes main practice of the city ,and describes its practical value of this new mode of government services .T hrough research ,it points out that some development bottleneck problems exist .For example ,materials are submitted repeatedly ;it is in the early and middle stage of application ;and there is lack of information sharing between part of the administrative department .Taking these as a breakthrough ,it helps the government decision -making with the suggestions of building a unified information platform to share resources ,and unify deployment of online business hall at the grass‐roots level on the basis of strength‐ening the online supervision ,improving the service consciousness ,comply with the classified grades .%立足于安徽省亳州市网上办事大厅的探索和实践,从凝聚明确目标、重新整合资源、有效运用工具、科学控制责任等四个方面分析了该市的主要做法,并就这种新型政务服务模式在“变”“重”“零”成效方面的实践价值进行描述。通过调研,指出其在提交材料的重复性、办事大厅还处在初中级应用阶段、部分行政部门之间缺乏信息共享等方面存在发展瓶颈问题,提出以此为突破口,强化网上监督,提高服务意识,按涉密等级构建统一的信息共享资源平台,统一部署基层网上办事大厅等对策建议。

  9. A Regular City

    Arina Sharavina


    The article describes the first plans of Chita, which served as the basis for the city development. It presents contribution to the city history made by the Decembrist Dmiry Zavalishin’s, who was the first author of the city development plan. Peculiarities of the quarter development of the realized city plan are also presented.

  10. Water changed the cities

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  11. Engineering governance: introducing a governance meta framework.

    Brand, N.; Beens, B.; Vuuregge, E.; Batenburg, R.


    There is a need for a framework that depicts strategic choices within an organisation with regard to potential governance structures. The governance meta framework provides the necessary structure in the current developments of governance. Performance as well as conformance are embedded in this fram

  12. Km4City Ontology Building vs Data Harvesting and Cleaning for Smart-city Services

    Pierfrancesco Bellini; Monica Benigni; Riccardo Billero; Paolo Nesi; Nadia Rauch


    Presently, a very large number of public and private data sets are available from local governments. In most cases, they are not semantically interoperable and a huge human effort would be needed to create integrated ontologies and knowledge base for smart city. Smart City ontology is not yet standardized, and a lot of research work is needed to identify models that can easily support the data reconciliation, the management of the complexity, to allow the data reasoning. In this paper, a syst...

  13. What is Clean Cities? October 2011 (Brochure)


    Brochure describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 85 coalitions. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP), Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership that reduces petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. Clean Cities contributes to the energy, environmental, and economic security of the United States by supporting local decisions to reduce our dependence on imported petroleum. Established in 1993 in response to the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992, the partnership provides tools and resources for voluntary, community-centered programs to reduce consumption of petroleum-based fuels. In nearly 100 coalitions, government agencies and private companies voluntarily come together under the umbrella of Clean Cities. The partnership helps all parties identify mutual interests and meet the objectives of reducing the use of petroleum, developing regional economic opportunities, and improving air quality. Clean Cities deploys technologies and practices developed by VTP. These include idle-reduction equipment, electric-drive vehicles, fuel economy measures, and renewable and alternative fuels, such as natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, and biogas. Idle-reduction equipment is targeted primarily to buses and heavy-duty trucks, which use more than 2 billion gallons of fuel every year in the United States while idling. Clean Cities fuel economy measures include public education on vehicle choice and fuel-efficient driving practices.

  14. City evacuations an interdisciplinary approach

    Binner, Jane; Branicki, Layla; Galla, Tobias; Jones, Nick; King, James; Kolokitha, Magdalini; Smyrnakis, Michalis


    Evacuating a city is a complex problem that involves issues of governance, preparedness education, warning, information sharing, population dynamics, resilience and recovery. As natural and anthropogenic threats to cities grow, it is an increasingly pressing problem for policy makers and practitioners.   The book is the result of a unique interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers in the physical and social sciences to consider how an interdisciplinary approach can help plan for large scale evacuations.  It draws on perspectives from physics, mathematics, organisation theory, economics, sociology and education.  Importantly it goes beyond disciplinary boundaries and considers how interdisciplinary methods are necessary to approach a complex problem involving human actors and increasingly complex communications and transportation infrastructures.   Using real world case studies and modelling the book considers new approaches to evacuation dynamics.  It addresses questions of complexity, not only ...

  15. City-Rankings and Quality of Life in European Cities

    Garhammer, Manfred


    There are several political programmes in Western Europe aimed at improving the quality of urban life such as the “Programme Socially Acceptable City” by the Federal Government and the German Federal States or European-Union-policies such as the “EU-target-2-promotion” to develop disadvantaged regions, cities and “urban areas with a strong need for development” or “social hot spots”. These programmes often end without having provided systematic and theoretically grounded evaluations of their ...

  16. Voluntary Environmental Governance Arrangements

    J. van der Heijden


    Voluntary environmental governance arrangements have focal attention in studies on environmental policy, regulation and governance. The four major debates in the contemporary literature on voluntary environmental governance arrangements are studied. The literature falls short of sufficiently specify

  17. Discrimination on the Concept of Historic City in China

    WANG Jinghui; LI Caige


    In 1982,the State Council announced a list of historic cities in China,aiming to set up a conservation measure to conserve the cultural heritages from the perspective of a city.The historic city is a concept in relation to urban administrative governance.Its conservation scope and specific contents should be defined in conservation planning.Since the conservation planning of historic city is a part of the city master planning,its planning area should be the same as that in the master planning,with focus on the central urban area.The conservation planning of a historic city should define its objects in view of the interconnection between city history and culture and thus specify its conservation scope and contents accordingly.

  18. 多中心跨境城市-区域的多层级管治——以大珠江三角洲为例%Multi-level Governance of the Polycentric Cross-border City-region: the Case of the Greater Pearl River Delta,China



    在全球化和区域化并驾齐驱的格局下,全球城市一区域(Global City-Region)日益成为全球经济增长的核心动力,跨境区域(CBRs:Cross-BorderRegions)大量涌现.近年来欧盟国家有关大都市区的研究揭示了多中心(Polycentric)格局和区域融合中多层级管治(multi-level governance)的形态.但罕有探讨两者之间的关系及其制订对区域发展政策和规划的影响.目前,对于亚洲特别是中国的大都市多中心和多层级管治的系统研究尚不多,本文尝试揭示大珠三角作为多中心都市区和跨境区域的多层级管治的形成,演变和影响.本文进一步透过跨境大桥的案例分析,尝试揭示这个跨境域市一区域的多中心和多层级管治格局在"一国两制"框架下的独特之处.

  19. Implementation of Electronic Governance in the Municipality of Panevezys

    Dragašienė, Olga


    Master’s work theme is the deployment of electronic government in the Municipality of the Panevezys. Master’s work object is analyzing of necessary conditions to evolve the electronic government deployment in the Municipality of the city Panevezys and offer the suggestions what could forward the electronic power deployment in this institution. In the first parts of work there are discussed the reasons of electronic government coming, the deployment necessity and utility in Lithuania an...

  20. Transforming Settlements of the Urban Poor in Uganda : A Secondary Cities Support Programme

    Cities Alliance


    This report describes theTransforming Settlements of the Urban Poor in Uganda. A Secondary Cities Support Program (TSUPU), is the first national initiative within the Cities Alliance's global programme, Land, Services and Citizenship for the Urban Poor (LSC). The first premise of the Medium Term Strategy is that the Cities Alliance should prioritise working with those governments already ...

  1. American cities, global networks: mapping the multiple geographies of globalization in the Americas

    Toly, N.J.; Bouteligier, S.; Smith, G.; Gibson, B.


    The mapping of advanced producer and financial service firms across global cities began to increase understanding of the role of cities in global governance, the presence and influence of cities in the shifting architecture of global political economy, and the role of globalization in shaping the la

  2. The Effect of Governance Forms on North American Airport Efficiency: A Comparative Analysis of Airport Authority vs. Government Branch

    Zhao, Qi; Choo, Yap Y.; Oum, Tae H.


    This paper applies a stochastic cost frontier model to a panel of 54 major airports over 2002-2008 to examine how the two dominant governance forms of publicly owned airports in the United States and Canada, namely, operation and governance by a government (city, county, or state) branch, or by an airport authority, affect airport efficiency performance. Our key findings are (a) airports operated by an airport authority achieve higher cost efficiency (on average, 14% higher technical efficien...

  3. Reactivating the Hong Kong Botanical Garden and Government House : government hill

    Kwok, Chin-toh, Philip; 郭展圖


    Hong Kong’s Central, what was called Government hill area, have many rich historic heritage landmarks, scattered along the Cotton tree drive, Garden road and the mid-level area of Hong Kong. We travel back in time to look at the Hong Kong’s City of Victoria map in the 19th century. Ever since 1841, when the British settled in Hong Kong, the three pillars of colonial power, the British government, the Military and the Church, had all settled closed to each other, in the Government hill, wh...

  4. Cities and Countries

    Andrew K. Rose


    If one ranks cities by population, the rank of a city is inversely related to its size, a well-documented phenomenon known as Zipf's Law. Further, the growth rate of a city's population is uncorrelated with its size, another well-known characteristic known as Gibrat's Law. In this paper, I show that both characteristics are true of countries as well as cities; the size distributions of cities and countries are similar. But theories that explain the size-distribution of cities do not obviously...

  5. Seminar on Cooperation Between Chinese and African Local Governments Held in Beijing


    <正>On May 15,the Seminar on Cooperation Between the Chinese and African Local Governments,jointly sponsored by the CPAFFC and the China International Friendship Cities Association (CIFCA),was held in Beijing. Representatives of the CPAFFC,the CIFCA,25 provinces and cities that had formed friendship-city ties with African countries,member units of the Council of the Chinese-African People’s Friendship Association,the United Cities and


    Bălăceanu Cristina


    Full Text Available Corporate governance reforms are occurring in countries around the globe and potentially impacting the population of the entire planet. In developing countries, such reforms occur in a larger context that is primarily defined by previous attempts at promoting “development” and recent processes of economic globalization. In this context, corporate governance reforms (in combination with the liberalising reforms associated with economic globalization, in effect represent a new development strategy for third world countries. The most basic questions that arise with respect to this situation are what the prospects for this new development model are and whether alternatives should be considered. Keywords: governance, corporate governance, economic globalization, development.

  7. Innovating and Exploiting Entrepreneurial Opportunities in Smart Cities

    Kraus, Sascha; Richter, Chris; Papagiannidis, Savvas;


    Smart City initiatives are considered a vehicle for achieving sustainable development of urban growth. This paper explores the conditions and factors that affect innovation in Smart Cities from an entrepreneurial vantage point. Data was obtained through a series of interviews with German...... entrepreneurs active in Smart Cities. Beyond examining the importance of a set of factors that originate from the extant literature, our findings suggest that entrepreneurs believe that Smart City initiatives need a clear vision to drive their development and growth and that government has a key role to play...

  8. City Car = The City Car / Andres Sevtshuk

    Sevtshuk, Andres, 1981-


    Massachusettsi Tehnoloogiainstituudi (MIT) meedialaboratooriumi juures tegutseva Targa Linna Grupi (Smart City Group) ja General Motorsi koostööna sündinud kaheistmelisest linnasõbralikust elektriautost City Car. Nimetatud töögrupi liikmed (juht William J. Mitchell, töögruppi kuulus A. Sevtshuk Eestist)

  9. Why Governments Intervene

    Knudsen, Jette Steen; Brown, Dana


    Why are national governments increasingly adopting policies on corporate social responsibility (CSR)? Government CSR policies have been explained either as a means of substituting or supporting (mirroring) domestic political-economic institutions and policies, or as a means for government to...... government goals in this regard are not necessarily pre-defined....

  10. Performance assessment, social accountability and sustainability governance in Hangzhou: Leveraging the implementation gap?

    Delman, Jørgen

    This is an explorative case study that examines how ideas and concepts relating to sustainable development are factored into new approaches to urban governance in Hangzhou. The proposition is that traditional performance assessment procedures combined with innovative surveys of the city governmen...... transparency of government and new forms of public accountability. This could pave the way for further progress with regard to development of sustainable city governance due to the strategic green turn pursued by Hangzhou’s leadership for some years now....