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Chronic subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently much attention has been paid once again to etiology of chronic subdural hematoma since the appearance of computed tomography (CT). Authors examined 1824 head injury cases by CT from January 1977 to September 1979. Among them, there are 40 cases (they were all over 16 years old) whose CT showed frontal extracerebral low density area. The low density area which is considered to be so-called fluid collection could be classified into four types (type I to IV). In two cases of those 40 cases (5%), the low density area changed into high density area which seemed to be hemorrhage. The 2 cases were diagnosed to be chronic subdural hematoma and proved surgery. The change of density on CT developed only from type I (the brain surface looks smooth and sulci are not recognized beneath the low density area). The change of density, occurred in 2 cases among 24 cases of type I (8.3%), was recognized about 2 months after the head injury. This fact is compatible with the report by Yamada et al. (1979). Thus, when CT after the head injury shows frontal extracerebral low density area of type I, the case may develop to chronic subdural hematoma about 2 months after the head injury. Therefore, careful observation should be needed especially during this period after the head injury. (author)

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Chronic subdural hematoma secondary to traumatic subdural hygroma  

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Sometimes chronic subdural hematoma can be developed following posttraumatic subdural hygroma. The purpose of this study is to investigate its incidence, the duration required for their conversion, and characteristic CT and MR findings of subdural hygroma and chronic subdural hamatoma. We studied 8 patients with persistent posttraumatic subdural hygroma which consequently developed chronic subdural hamatoma. The patients were examined with CT initially and followed-up with CT in 3 and MR in 5. We analyzed the location of the lesion, the change of the density or signal intensity, the change of the size, and the degree of enhancement and mass effect. The duration required for the formation of hematoma was 48-166 days (mean, 76 days). The characteristic CT findings of subdural hygroma were a crescentric lesion with CSF density along the inner table with-out contrast enhancement. The mass effect was minimal. The CT findings of chronic subdural hematoma were higher density than that of hygroma in all cases, increase in thickness and size in 3 cases, and contrast enhancement along the inner membrane of the hematoma in 5 cases. The signal intensities of the subdural hygroma were identical to those of CSF on both T1 and T2 weighted images, whereas, those of chronic subdural hamatoma were higher. The increased signal intensity on T1 weighted MR images and increased attenuation or contrast enhancement of the lesion on CT may suggest the conversion of subdural hygroma into chron conversion of subdural hygroma into chronic subdural hematoma

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Chronic subdural hematoma secondary to traumatic subdural hygroma  

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Sometimes chronic subdural hematoma can be developed following posttraumatic subdural hygroma. The purpose of this study is to investigate its incidence, the duration required for their conversion, and characteristic CT and MR findings of subdural hygroma and chronic subdural hamatoma. We studied 8 patients with persistent posttraumatic subdural hygroma which consequently developed chronic subdural hamatoma. The patients were examined with CT initially and followed-up with CT in 3 and MR in 5. We analyzed the location of the lesion, the change of the density or signal intensity, the change of the size, and the degree of enhancement and mass effect. The duration required for the formation of hematoma was 48-166 days (mean, 76 days). The characteristic CT findings of subdural hygroma were a crescentric lesion with CSF density along the inner table with-out contrast enhancement. The mass effect was minimal. The CT findings of chronic subdural hematoma were higher density than that of hygroma in all cases, increase in thickness and size in 3 cases, and contrast enhancement along the inner membrane of the hematoma in 5 cases. The signal intensities of the subdural hygroma were identical to those of CSF on both T1 and T2 weighted images, whereas, those of chronic subdural hamatoma were higher. The increased signal intensity on T1 weighted MR images and increased attenuation or contrast enhancement of the lesion on CT may suggest the conversion of subdural hygroma into chronic subdural hematoma.

Hong, Deok Hwa; Lim, Han Hyuk; Bae, Won Kyung; Kim, Pyo Nyun; Kim, Il Young; Lee, Byung Ho; Lee, Kyeong Seok [Soonchunhyang University Chonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

1994-02-15

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Computerized tomography in chronic subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this report, the computerized tomography (CT) of chronic subdural hematoma was studied. Our experience was based on 22 patients with chronic subdural hematoma, verified by surgery. The results of the analysis of 16 cases excluded infant cases and post-operative cases. (1) In 8 cases, the locations of the hematoma were bilateral, and in 8 cases, unilateral. (2) The CT findings of the hematomas were classified into 4 types: low density (9 cases), iso-density (2 cases), mixed density (2 cases), and high density (3 cases). (3) Contrast enhancement in the capsule and the content of hematoma was indicated by the Marginal Curve. In infant cases (4), it is difficult to diagnose by the CT scan alone. We concluded, however, that CT was very useful in diagnosing chronic subdural hematoma. (author)

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Postoperative CT appearance in chronic subdural hematomas  

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Postoperative CT appearances in 65 cases of chronic subdural hematomas were evaluated in terms of patient's age, preoperative neurological symptoms and CT findings, final outcomes, and so on. All of the cases were treated with trepanation and irrigation. CT appearances were divided into four different types as follows; Type Ia: No abnormal findings in the subdural sapce, Type Ib: The same as above except for a linear high density suggestive of thickened outer membrane, Type II: Persistence subdural fluid collection and widened cortical sulci which indicate underlining brain atrophy, Type III: Remaining hematoma and/or density changes during follow-up period. Although the mean age of the patients in type Ib was higher than those in type Ia and reexpansion of the brain appear to delay in type Ib and preoperative CT in type Ib tended to show mixed density, final outcome in both groups were excellent. Characteristics in type II were that most of cases were in the eighth decade, preceding head injury was unclear, preoperative psychiatric symptoms and disturbance of consciousness were common and postoperative improvement of the symptoms was not satisfactory compared to other types. Aged patients as in type Ib and type II and thick hematomas of over 2 cm depth with mixed or high density tended to show type III postoperatively. All of the nine patients who required reoperation were included in this type. The present study indicates that thick hematomas with sizable mass effecat thick hematomas with sizable mass effect and mixed or high density in the aged must be carefully treated, such as with placement of the subdural drainage or keeping the patient in the Trendelenburg position, to facilitate postoperative reexpansion of the brain. (author)

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Hematoma subdural crónico: Una enfermedad del adulto mayor Chronic subdural hematoma: a disease of elderly people  

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Full Text Available The lack of specificity and heterogeneity of the clinical picture of chronic subdural hematoma, hampers its diagnosis. Aim: To report the experience of a Neurosurgical Service in chronic subdural hematoma. Patients and methods: One hundred patients (77 male, mean age 77±13 years with chronic subdural hematoma were analyzed. Results: The main clinical presentations were mental status changes (50% and progressive focal neurological deficit (46%. Five cases presented as a transient neurological deficit. All patients were treated with burr hole drainage. Thirteen had recurrence of the hematoma and they were reoperated. The surgical mortality was 3%. Eighty seven patients were followed for a mean of 66 months. Eighty one of these had a complete recovery, 6 had permanent neurological deficit and 2 of these were unable to care for themselves. Bad prognosis was associated with the absence of a previous trauma to explain the hematoma and symptoms of dementia as the clinical presentation. Conclusions: Most patients with chronic subdural hematoma treated with burr hole drainage have a good outcome (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 177-82

Patricio Tagle M

2003-02-01

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Hematoma subdural crónico calcificado. Reporte de un caso / Calcified chronic subdural hematoma. A case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hematoma subdural crónico constituye una enfermedad frecuente en la práctica neuroquirúrgica cotidiana. Su diagnóstico se realiza actualmente de forma temprana en la mayoría de los pacientes, a partir de la introducción de las modernas técnicas de imagenología. Se presenta el caso de un enfermo d [...] e 84 años de edad con historia de cefalea, mutismo acinético y cuadriparesia, cuyo examen tomográfico mostró una colección extraxial supratentorial hemisférica derecha con calcificación masiva; se practicó la exéresis mediante una craneotomía y el estudio histopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de hematoma subdural crónico. Se concluye que, al constituir la calcificación masiva del hematoma subdural crónico una rara forma de presentación imagenológica en la actualidad, deben contemplarse otras entidades en el diagnóstico diferencial como neoplasias y malformaciones vasculares intracraneales; por otro lado, aumenta la complejidad quirúrgica ya que es imprescindible la práctica de una craneotomía para la evacuación de la lesión. Abstract in english The chronic subdural hematoma constitutes a frequent disease in daily neurosurgical practice. Currently its diagnosis of premature form is performed in the majority of patients, since the introduction of imaging's modern techniques. An 84 years old patient with history of cephalea, akinetic mutism a [...] nd cuadriparesis, whose tomographic exam showed a right hemispheric supratentorial extraxial collection with massive calcification; the exeresis was performed by means of a craniotomy and the histopathological study confirmed the diagnosis of chronic subdural hematoma. It was concluded that, when constitute the massive calcification of the chronic subdural hematoma a rare form of imaging presentation at present, should contemplate another entities in the differential diagnostic like neoplasias and intracranial vascular malformations; In addition, increases the surgical complexity since it is essential the practice of a craniotomy for the evacuation of the lesion.

Ariel, Varela Hernández; Gretel, Mosquera Betancourt; Oscarlyns, Cardoso Núñez; Guillermo, Pardo Cardoso.

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The surgical management of chronic subdural hematoma.  

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Chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) is an increasingly common neurological disease process. Despite the wide prevalence of cSDH, there remains a lack of consensus regarding numerous aspects of its clinical management. We provide an overview of the epidemiology and pathophysiology of cSDH and discuss several controversial management issues, including the timing of post-operative resumption of anticoagulant medications, the effectiveness of anti-epileptic prophylaxis, protocols for mobilization following evacuation of cSDH, as well as the comparative effectiveness of the various techniques of surgical evacuation. A PubMed search was carried out through October 19, 2010 using the following keywords: "subdural hematoma", "craniotomy", "burr-hole", "management", "anticoagulation", "seizure prophylaxis", "antiplatelet", "mobilization", and "surgical evacuation", alone and in combination. Relevant articles were identified and back-referenced to yield additional papers. A meta-analysis was then performed comparing the efficacy and complications associated with the various methods of cSDH evacuation. There is general agreement that significant coagulopathy should be reversed expeditiously in patients presenting with cSDH. Although protocols for gradual resumption of anti-coagulation for prophylaxis of venous thrombosis may be derived from guidelines for other neurosurgical procedures, further prospective study is necessary to determine the optimal time to restart full-dose anti-coagulation in the setting of recently drained cSDH. There is also conflicting evidence to support seizure prophylaxis in patients with cSDH, although the existing literature supports prophylaxis in patients who are at a higher risk for seizures. The published data regarding surgical technique for cSDH supports primary twist drill craniostomy (TDC) drainage at the bedside for patients who are high-risk surgical candidates with non-septated cSDH and craniotomy as a first-line evacuation technique for cSDH with significant membranes. Larger prospective studies addressing these aspects of cSDH management are necessary to establish definitive recommendations. PMID:21909694

Ducruet, Andrew F; Grobelny, Bartosz T; Zacharia, Brad E; Hickman, Zachary L; DeRosa, Peter L; Anderson, Kristen; Sussman, Eric; Carpenter, Austin; Connolly, E Sander

2012-04-01

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Intracranial Rhabdomyosarcoma Presented as Chronic Subdural Hematoma: A Case Report  

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Full Text Available Intracranial rhabdomyosarcoma is a very rare disorder. Subdural rhabdomyosarcoma has not been reported yet. It can be misdiagnosed with chronic subdural hematoma in CT images. Herein, we presented a 2.5-year-old boy with intractable chronic subdural hematoma who were treated with burr hole insertion, needle aspiration and shunting for about 2 years with partial resolution of his symptoms after each procedure. The final pathologic evaluation after extensive bilateral craniotomy revealed rhabdomyosarcoma. The role of CT and MRI in early diagnosis and management of this rare situation is discussed.

A. Mahdavi

2007-10-01

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Benefits of Artcereb on the irrigation of chronic subdural hematoma  

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Chronic subdural hematoma is thought to be an easily treatable disease. However, its recurrence rate is approximately 10%, and such cases require re-operation. We compared the recurrance rate of chronic subdural hematoma with irrigation using either saline or the artificial cerebrospinal fluid Artcereb. We divided the patients into 2 groups. A total of 60 patients in the normal saline group (hematoma, n=58; bilateral hematoma, n=2) underwent irrigation with saline between March 2007 and July 2009. A total of 61 patients in the Artcereb group (hematoma, n=54; bilateral hematoma, n=7) underwent irrigation using Artcereb between August 2009 and May 2011. We performed irrigation via 1 burr hole with 500-1000 ml of either normal saline or Artcereb under local anesthesia and observed until recurrence or disappearance of the hematomas on CT scan. We researched the recurrence rate of the hematomas. Recurrence of the hematomas were observed in 8 cases (13%) in the normal saline group and 5 cases (8.2%) in the Artcereb group. No statistically significant differences were observed. Among those patients who did not receive anticoagulants, the recurrence rate was 6/54 (11%) in the normal saline group and 1/49 (2.0%) in the Artcereb group (p<0.10). Our study showed the possibility that the postoperative recurrence rate of chronic subdural hematoma was lower using Artcereb than saline for irrigation. (author)

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Tratamiento médico de un hematoma subdural crónico / Medical treatment of a chronic subdural hematoma  

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Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se presenta una paciente portadora de un hematoma subdural crónico postraumático, que se trató médicamente y se logró su desaparición en el curso de varios meses, sin tratamiento quirúrgico y sin signos evolutivos de empeoramiento neurológico. La furosemida fue usada como medicamento básico en su tr [...] atamiento. Se adjuntan imágenes que confirman el valor de este punto de vista terapéutico. Abstract in english This is the case of a patient carrier of a post-traumatic chronic subdural hematoma clinically treated achieving its disappearance over some months without surgical treatment and evolutionary signs of neurologic worsening. The furosemide was used as basic drug in its treatment. The images confirming [...] the value of this point of therapeutical view are enclosed.

Antonio, Guevara Melcón; Ashley, Obregón Marín.

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Chronic subdural hematoma leading to fatal cavernous sinus thrombosis  

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Full Text Available Presented is a case of cavernous sinus thrombosis in a young female with fatal outcome. There were not any septic focus, no history of head trauma, no relation with pregnancy. Computed tomography scan of brain showed chronic subdural hematoma. An attempt is made to correlate the aetiopathology with the clinical features of this rare case presentation.

Kumar Sunil

2009-01-01

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Spontaneous Chronic Subdural Hematoma in an Adolescent Girl  

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In most cases, subdural hematoma (SDH) is regarded as a complication of head injury and nontraumatic causes are rare. Moreover, spontaneous chronic SDH in child or adolescent is very unusual. Here, we present the case of a healthy 14-year-old girl who was diagnosed as a spontaneous chronic SDH. The patient presented with severe headache following blurring of vision two weeks ago without any history of trivial head injury. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging depicted a chronic S...

Wang, Hui Sun; Kim, Seok Won; Kim, Sung Hoon

2013-01-01

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Magnetic resonance imaging in chronic subdural hematomas of early stages  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The characteristic findings to distinguish chronic subdural hematomas of early stages from subdural CSF collections or enlarged subarachnoid spaces, was assessed by magnetic resonance imagings (MRI). Three sets of MRI, pre- and post-contrast as well as delayed post-contrast T1-weighted coronal images were obtained in 20 cases, in which low intensity subdural spaces were observed in 6 on the right, in 5 on the left and 9 bilaterally. The characteristic findings observed were as follows: a low signal intensity band between low intensity subdural space and cerebral surface at the precontrast MRI; linear enhancement at the outer surface of low intensity space at postcontrast MRI; and enhancement of the low intensity space at the delayed MRI. A combination of more than 2 of the above-mentioned findings was noted in 24 out of 29 low intensity spaces, 7 of which were confirmed by surgery as chronic subdural hematomas with outer membranes. In the remaining 17, low intensity spaces spontaneously regressed in 10, and increased their intensity and/or changed their sizes in 7. This data was obtained from follow-up MRI's. Such a combination in the initial MRI's may indicate developing chronic subdural hematomas. In 5 out of 29 low intensity spaces, neither intensity nor size changed, nor did enhancement show in delayed imagings in the follow-up MRI's, which may strongly suggest either subdural CSF collections or enlarged subarachnoid spaces. In conclusion, the low intenhnoid spaces. In conclusion, the low intensity band is speculated to be subarachnoid space shown up secondarily by the relative increase of intensity in the low intensity space; the linear enhancement is thought to be outer membrane formation, and the delayed-enhancement of low intensity spaces may be extravasation of contrast media from the outer membrane. (author)

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Magnetic resonance imaging in chronic subdural hematomas of early stages  

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The characteristic findings to distinguish chronic subdural hematomas of early stages from subdural CSF collections or enlarged subarachnoid spaces, was assessed by magnetic resonance imagings (MRI). Three sets of MRI, pre- and post-contrast as well as delayed post-contrast T{sub 1}-weighted coronal images were obtained in 20 cases, in which low intensity subdural spaces were observed in 6 on the right, in 5 on the left and 9 bilaterally. The characteristic findings observed were as follows: a low signal intensity band between low intensity subdural space and cerebral surface at the precontrast MRI; linear enhancement at the outer surface of low intensity space at postcontrast MRI; and enhancement of the low intensity space at the delayed MRI. A combination of more than 2 of the above-mentioned findings was noted in 24 out of 29 low intensity spaces, 7 of which were confirmed by surgery as chronic subdural hematomas with outer membranes. In the remaining 17, low intensity spaces spontaneously regressed in 10, and increased their intensity and/or changed their sizes in 7. This data was obtained from follow-up MRI's. Such a combination in the initial MRI's may indicate developing chronic subdural hematomas. In 5 out of 29 low intensity spaces, neither intensity nor size changed, nor did enhancement show in delayed imagings in the follow-up MRI's, which may strongly suggest either subdural CSF collections or enlarged subarachnoid spaces. In conclusion, the low intensity band is speculated to be subarachnoid space shown up secondarily by the relative increase of intensity in the low intensity space; the linear enhancement is thought to be outer membrane formation, and the delayed-enhancement of low intensity spaces may be extravasation of contrast media from the outer membrane. (author).

Tsuchiya, Naoto; Muraki, Masaaki; Ohishi, Haruyuki (Shinshiro Municipal Hospital, Aichi (Japan)); Ninchoji, Toshiaki; Uemura, Kenichi

1990-10-01

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Clinical studies on cerebral blood flow in chronic subdural hematoma  

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Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and clinical symptoms were examined between pre- and post-operations in twenty-four patients with unilateral chronic subdural hematoma. The following results were obtained by intravenous 133Xe method : 1. There was a reducing tendency of the CBF (hemisphere) on hematoma side, in most cases. While, the groups of headache and disturbances of consciousness did not give a laterality between hematoma and opposite side without the group of hemiparesis. 2. The absolute values of the CBF in the groups of headache and disturbances of consciousness were correlated with the clinical symptoms. In the group of hemiparesis, the laterality between hematoma and opposite side was correlated with the clinical symptoms. 3. In the group of hemiparesis, the F-flow (fast-flow) had sensitive reaction more than the ISI (initial slope index) with symptomatic improvement. 4. It was found that there was not an increase in the absolute value of the CBF, which was under the normal limit between pre- and post-operations in the case without improvement. By SPECT (Method of IMP), the following results were obtained : 1. There was the area of defect at the location of hematoma and the CBF tended to reduce at the subcortical white matter and at the basal ganglia of hematoma side. 2. The CBF of the contralateral hematoma side in the hemisphere of cerebellum was also tended to reduce. (author)

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The question is whether hemiparesis is more common in unilateral than bilateral chronic subdural hematoma  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Chronic subdural hematoma is an intracranial hemorrhagic lesion that illustrates various expressions in clinical and radiological practice. The aim of this study was to emphasize the correlation between the brain site of chronic subdural hematoma and clinical symptoms/signs of disease. Furthermore, the study denotes the significance of hemiparesis occurrence in the patients with unilateral chronic subdural hematomas more than in those with bilateral ones, associated with time required to diagnose hematoma. Material and Methods: A three-year study included 72 patients with chronic subdural hematoma. According to their clinical and neurological symptoms on hospital admission, all patients underwent non-contrast brain computed tomography scan, which confirmed the diagnosis. The radiological parameters, inlcuding the site of chronic subdural hematoma, a hematoma width and midline shift were recorded to give precise data about the correlation with neurological symptoms. A special focus was put on the lag time between the onset of symptoms and signs to diagnosis of chronic subdural hematoma. Results. The study proved that the patients with unilateral chronic subdural hematoma had more frequent occurrence of hemiparesis than the patients with bilateral chronic subdural hematoma. It took the left-sided chronic subdural hematomas less time (about 200 hours earlier than the rightsided ones to present its symptoms although the average hematoma diameter value was almost the same. Conclusion. The site and the form of intracranial lesion-chronic subdural hematoma could have a great influence on neurological and functional condition in a patient. Although the length of time required for making diagnosis as well as clinical symptoms greatly differ and the latter are not always so clear, physicians should maintain a high level of suspicion for this disease and thus contribute to prompt diagnosis and better clinical outcome of patients.

Jukovi? Mirela

2014-01-01

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Chronic Subdural Hematoma a Review of 58 Cases  

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Full Text Available From this short review, immerges a syndrome of the chronic subdural hematoma. The patient is usually an elderly male', with a hisory of moderate or severe trauma to the head incurred about 2 months prionjto admission, with or witout immediate headache which subsides, then recurs lllb6ut two to three weeks prior to admission. The headache becomes severer and the patient may develop a hemiparesis most frequently contralaterally, would become drowsy and may enter coma if not diagnosed and treated early. On examination, he would show dulled mental capacities and possibly papilloedema, with or without a hemiparesis and in one fifth of the cases a peculiar type of disturbance of gait. If there has been waxing and waning of the symptomatology in the past few days. this adds to the completeness of the picture. Although there is a syndrome that caracteriscs cases of subdural hematomas, the picture can be very varied and there is no doubt that the final diagnosis rests with angiography, which shows a typical appearance of an avascular lens shaped area just under tho parietal bone on the AP films or in some cases under the frontal bone in oblique film

Fuad S. Haddad

1964-01-01

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Chronic subdural hematoma: a comparison of two drainage methods  

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Full Text Available "nBackground: Chronic Subdural Hematoma (CSDH is one of the most common challenges of neurosurgeons. Most predominant among the elderly, the incidence increases incrementally with age and might lead to permanent severe complications. The aim of this study is to outline the symptoms and signs and to compare the outcomes and complications among two groups of patients who underwent two different surgical procedures."n"nMethods: In a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical study performed on 125 patients with CSDH from 2000 to 2005. Computed tomography scan was used for diagnostic imaging in all cases and magnetic resonance imaging was also obtained for six patients. In one center, group 1, which included 82 patients, underwent surgery with a single burr hole and closed drainage, and, at another center, group 2, which included 43 patients, was treated with a method using two burr holes and close drainage."n"nResults: Of the 125 patients, 102 were male and 23 were female. The mean age of patients was 65.79±16.41 years. The most common symptoms were weakness in extremities (78.4%, headache (72.8% and decreased level of consciousness (24%, respectively. At presentation, 88 (70.4% of the patients had several symptoms and 37 (29.6% had only one symptom. A history of mild head trauma, such as falling, was observed in 83 (68% of the patients. The interval between head trauma and the onset of symptoms ranged from 10 to 120 days (mean: 46 days. Hematoma recurred in five cases from group 1, whereas two cases from group 2 had recurrence of hematoma. Postoperative epidural hematoma developed in one case from group 2 and tension pneumocephalus also occurred in one group 2 patients."n"nConclusion: As a treatment for CSDH, the single burr hole method was significantly better than the two burr hole method.

Lotfinia

2008-08-01

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[A case of calcified chronic subdural hematoma wherein MRI was useful for decision of the treatment strategy].  

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Calcified chronic subdural hematoma is a rare condition, representing 0.4-2.6% of all chronic subdural hematomas. It is often difficult to remove the hematoma without damaging the brain, owing to the adhesion between hematoma capsule and brain. Therefore, surgical intervention in managing calcified chronic subdural hematoma cases is still considered controversial. We report a case of calcified chronic subdural hematoma, which was successfully performed under microscopic guidance. A 72-year-old man complained of progressive left hemiparesis of 6-month duration. A CT scan revealed a calcified chronic subdural hematoma, 10 cm long and 4.5 cm thick, in the right convexity. On MRI, T2-weighted images showed a thin layer of cerebrospinal fluid intensity between the hematoma capsule and brain. There was no brain edema adjacent to the chronic subdural hematoma. Based on these MRI observations, we believed that adhesion between the hematoma capsule and brain would be mild. We then planned and succeeded in total removal of the calcified chronic subdural hematoma mass under microscopic guidance. The left hemiparesis disappeared after surgery. The patient was discharged without any neurological deficit. While considering surgical management in calcified chronic subdural hematoma cases, it should be important to evaluate adhesion between the hematoma capsule and brain with MRI. PMID:25087759

Ito, Miiko; Saito, Shinjiro; Kondo, Rei; Nagahata, Morio; Kayama, Takamasa

2014-08-01

 
 
 
 
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Treatment of recurrent chronic subdural hematoma in a patient with Arachnoid cyst  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Arachnoid cysts are congenital fluid-filled compartments within the cerebrospinal fluid cisterns and major cerebral fissure, between two layers of the arachnoid membrane. They can develop anywhere within the subarachnoid space, most frequently located within the Sylvian fissure in the middle fossa. In young patients with the arachnoid cyst and history od head trauma chronic subdural hemathoma is present up to 4.6%. Case report. This is a case report of a 21 year old male, with left temporal lobe arachnoid cyst. Three months after minor head injury the patient was admitted to our clinic with chronic subdural hematoma compressing the surrounding tissue. The scull burr-hole trepanation was performed and the hematoma was drained. The control CT scan showed a reduced size of the chronic subdural hematoma with the smaller subdural collection of the fresh blood. Three weeks after the intervention the new CT scan showed the recurrence of the chronic subdural hematoma. The second trepanation was performed and the hematoma was drained. After the second operation, the patient was with no neurological disorders and subjective complaints. Three months after the second intervention, the control CT scan visualized only the arachnoid cyst in the temporal lobe, without the presence of the subdural hematoma. Conclusion. We conclude that a chronic subdural hematoma and reccurrent chronic subdural hematoma in patients with the arachnoid cyst in the fossa media should be drained by applying the method of burr-hole trepanation. In the patient with no subjective complaints and neurological disorders, the operative treatment of the arachnoid cyst is not considered necessary.

?ilvesi ?ula

2009-01-01

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Chronic subdural hematoma of the posterior fossa associated with cerebellar hemorrhage: report of rare disease with MRI findings  

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Full Text Available Chronic subdural hematoma of the posterior fossa is an uncommon entity, and spontaneous lesions are very rarely described, occurring mostly during anticoagulation therapy. The association of the posterior fossa chronic subdural hematoma with spontaneous parenchymal hemorrhage without anticoagulation therapy was never related in the literature, to our knowledge. We describe a case of a 64 year-old woman who suffered a spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage, treated conservatively, and presented 1 month later with a chronic subdural posterior fossa hematoma.

Costa Jr Leodante B.

2004-01-01

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Chronic subdural hematoma associated with an arachnoid cyst in a juvenile taekwondo athlete: a case report and review of the literature.  

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Both chronic subdural hematoma and arachnoid cysts are common lesions in neurosurgical practice. Arachnoid cysts are a well-known predisposing factor for chronic subdural hematoma. Here, we present a 12-year-old taekwondo athlete with chronic subdural hematoma associated with arachnoid cysts. The chronic subdural hematoma was evacuated through 2 burr holes and the patient was discharged in good condition. To our knowledge, this is the first case of chronic subdural hematoma with associated arachnoid cysts in a taekwondo athlete. We also review the literature on sports-related chronic subdural hematomas associated with arachnoid cysts in children. PMID:22832284

Kertmen, Hayri; Gürer, Bora; Yilmaz, Erdal Resit; Sekerci, Zeki

2012-01-01

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Contralateral acute subdural hematoma occurring after evacuation of subdural hematoma with coexistent contralateral subdural hygroma.  

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Burr-hole craniostomy with closed-system drainage is a safe and effective method for the management of chronic subdural hematoma. However, contralateral acute subdural hematoma has been reported to be a rare and devastating complication. Only 3 cases have been described in the literature. Herein, we reported an 80-year-old male with chronic subdural hematoma and contralateral subdural hygroma. The burr-hole craniostomy with closed-system drainage was initially performed to treat the chronic subdural hematoma. Three days after surgery, weakness of the extremities developed, and contralateral acute subdural bleeding within the previous subdural hygroma was diagnosed by CT scan of the brain. The pathophysiological mechanism of this rare complication was discussed, and the relevant literature was also reviewed. PMID:24983286

Sun, Hsiao-Lun; Chang, Chih-Ju; Hsieh, Cheng-Ta

2014-07-01

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Hematoma subdural crónico asociado a quiste aracnoideo: Presentación de 12 casos / Chronic subdural hematoma associated with arachnoid cyst: Report of 12 cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos. Analizar las características clínicas, neurológicas y resultado neurorradiológico de una serie de pacientes con quiste aracnoideo asociado a un hematoma subdural crónico. Pacientes y método. Revisamos retrospectivamente 12 casos de pacientes con quiste aracnoideo que presentaron como comp [...] licación un hematoma subdural crónico. Resultados. Entre enero de 1984 y abril de 2008, 12 pacientes (0.9%) de 1.253 casos con hematoma subdural crónico presentaban un quiste aracnoideo intracraneal. La localización de los quistes fue en 10 casos en la fosa temporal y los otros dos en la convexidad. Los síntomas de presentación fueron cefalea en 6 pacientes (50%), seguidos por convulsiones (3 casos). En once pacientes se realizó agujero de trépano y drenaje del HSC, la paciente de más edad fue tratada de forma conservadora. Únicamente se trataron 3 quistes aracnoideos mediante craneotomía y fenestración, con resolución completa del quiste. Conclusiones. Los pacientes con quiste aracnoideo, sobre todo si esta localizado en la fosa temporal, tienen un mayor riesgo de sufrir un hematoma subdural crónico. La primera opción terapéutica es el drenaje del hematoma subdural y si persiste la sintomatología deberá tratarse el quiste aracnoideo. Abstract in english Introduction. We designed this study to investigate the clinical, neurological, and radiological outcome of patients with chronic subdural hematoma related to an intracranial arachnoid cysts. Patients and methods. Medical records of 12 cases of patients with arachnoids cyst complicated with chronic [...] subdural hematoma were retrospectively reviewed. Results. Between January 1984 and April 2008, 12 patients (0.9%) of 1.253 cases of chronic subdural hematoma surgically treated in our hospital had associated arachnoid cyst. Arachnoid cysts were located in the middle fossa (10 cases) and convexity (2 cases). The most frequent symptom was headache (6 cases), followed by seizures (3 cases). Eleven patients underwent burr hole and drainage; the oldest patient was treated conservatively. Conclusions. Patients with AC, especially when these are located in temporal fossa, appear to harbour a life-long risk of contracting subdural hematoma. Hematoma evacuation is adequate at first operation and if arachnoid cyst is symptomatic or preoperative symptoms persist, additional arachnoid cyst surgery should be considered.

M., Gelabert-González; D., Castro-Bouzas; A., Arcos-Algaba; J.M., Santín-Amo; L., Díaz-Cabanas; R., Serramito-García; E., Arán-Echabe; A., Prieto-González; A., García-Allut.

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A case of acoustic neurinoma associated with chronic subdural hematoma after gamma knife radiosurgery  

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A 72-year-old female presented with a unique case of acoustic neurinoma with a cystic component followed by the chronic subdural hematoma manifesting as trigeminal neuralgia, facial palsy and trunchal ataxia 7 months after gamma knife radiosurgery. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a loss of central contrast enhancement at the postoperative residual tumor mass and a large cyst associated with a hematoma in the subdural space. A right suboccipital craniectomy was performed. A biopsy of the mass and the membrane was performed following aspiration of the brown-reddish fluid collection. The histological diagnosis was acoustic neurinoma with a hemorrhagic necrosis. The membranous tissue mimicked an outer membrane obtained from chronic subdural hematoma. The postoperative course was satisfactory and preoperative symptom have been alleviated. In this case, the chronic subdural hematoma occurred at posterior fossa during the development of cysts caused by the radiosurgery, because the subdural space had been connected with the subarachnoid space after the first operation. The development of cysts or hematoma should be taken into consideration as possible complications following treatment with gamma knife radiosurgery for acoustic neurinomas. (author)

Sho, Atsuko; Asaeda, Masahiro; Ohtake, Minoru [Tottori Univ., Yonago (Japan). Inst. of Neurological Sciences] [and others

2002-09-01

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Chronic subdural hematoma associated with moyamoya phenomenon after radiotherapy for medulloblastoma; A case report  

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A 9-year-old boy had been diagnosed at the age of 9 months as having a cerebellar medulloblastoma and had received 40 Gy of radiation therapy to the brain after removal of the tumor. Cerebral angiography at the time of initial diagnosis did not show any evidence of occlusive disease involving the internal carotid circulation. At the age of 6 years, the patient developed generalized seizures. On examination, he was drowsy and had right hemiparesis. CT scan demonstrated a low-density area in the left frontal lobe. Cerebral angiography showed a marked narrowing of the bilateral internal carotid arteries with moyamoya vessels. The patient was treated medically with aspirin (100 mg/day) and anticonvulsants. His neurological deficits improved gradually. At the age of 8 years, there was no recurrence of the tumor although a slight left subdural hematoma was seen on CT scan. On August 10, 1993, at the age of 9 years, he was admitted for treatment of a developing subdural hematoma. MRI showed a chronic subdural hematoma with thick outer and inner membranes. Cerebral angiography showed occlusion of the left internal carotid artery which fed the right frontal lobe through moyamoya vessels, marked narrowing of the right internal carotid artery distal to the ophthalmic artery, moyamoya vessels at the base, and cortical revascularization througth the ophthalmic, posterior cerebral and middle meningeal arteries. Trepanation and aspiration of the hematoma were performed. The outer membrane of the hematoma was about 2 mm thick and the hematoma cavity was filled with a partially organized hematoma. In this case, we speculate that development of the chronic subdural hematoma involved the following factors: (1) transdural external-internal carotid anastomosis after radiation-induced cerebrovasculopathy; (2) repeated mild head trauma due to gait disturbance after removal of the cerebellar tumor; and (3) administration of acetylsalicylic acid. (author).

Fuse, Takahisa; Takagi, Takuji; Fukushima, Tsuneyuki; Mizuno, Shiroh; Hashimoto, Nobukazu; Suzuki, Osamu (Nagoya City Higashi General Hospital (Japan))

1994-04-01

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Iatrogenic subdural hematoma mimicking acute epidural hematoma on computed tomography  

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Full Text Available Computed tomography images of the subdural and epiduralhematoma are well defined, crescent and lentiformshapes, respectively. However, it has been reported thatboth of them might mimic each other in rare instances. Literaturereveals seven reports subdural hematoma mimickingepidural. We are reporting a new case of subduralhematoma mimicking epidural hematoma radiologically,which occurred after evacuation of chronic subdural hematomawith burr-hole in a 75 years old man. J Clin ExpInvest 2013; 4 (3: 367-369Key words: Subdural hematoma, epidural hematoma,computed tomography, brain.

Hakan Ak

2013-09-01

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Follow up study and interested cases in subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

both sides 3) Appearance of abscess 4) Subtentrial hemorrhage after operation 5) Postoperative epidural hematoma 6) Traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage, resulting in chronic subdural hematoma six months afterward (author)

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Clinical usefulness of determination of NSE contents in drainage fluid of patients with chronic subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the neuron-specific enolase (NSE) contents of serum and drainage fluid in patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). Methods: Serum and drainage fluid NSE contents were determined with RIA right after and 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 hours after trephining in 28 patients with CSDH as well as 28 controls (once and serum only). Results: The serum contents of NSE in the patients were significantly higher than those in the controls (P<0.01). The drainage fluid contents of NSE were correlated with the patients concurrent own serum NSE contents (r=0.917) and were higher than the respective serum NSE value (P<0.01). All the NSE contents dropped continuously throughout the observation period. Conclusion: Changes of drainage fluid NSE contents might reflect progress of the degree of nervous tissue injury in patients with chronic subdural hematoma. (authors)

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Spontaneous spinal subdural hematoma concurrent with cranial subdural hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 39-year old female presented with chronic spinal subdural hematoma manifesting as low back pain and radiating pain from both legs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed spinal subdural hematoma (SDH) extending from L4 to S2 leading to severe central spinal canal stenosis. One day after admission, she complained of nausea and severe headache. Computed tomography of the brain revealed chronic SDH associated with midline shift. Intracranial chronic SDH was evacuated through two burr holes. Back pain and radiating leg pain derived from the spinal SDH diminished about 2 weeks after admission and spinal SDH was completely resolved on MRI obtained 3 months after onset. Physicians should be aware of such a condition and check the possibility of concurrent cranial SDH in patients with spinal SDH, especially with non-traumatic origin. PMID:24044087

Moon, Wonjun; Joo, Wonil; Chough, Jeongki; Park, Haekwan

2013-07-01

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Various magnetic resonance imaging patterns of chronic subdural hematomas. indicators of the pathogenesis?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can detect various patterns in chronic subdural hematomas. These patterns were compared to the computed tomography (CT) appearances and chemical analysis of the content in 60 hematomas from 44 patients. The hematomas could be classified into five types on both T1- and T2-weighted images: low, high, and mixed intensity, isointensity, and layered. Combining the T1- and T2-weighted images of all 60 hematomas revealed a total of 14 different imaging patterns. Combining the CT and MR imaging findings of 55 hematomas identified 25 different patterns. Analysis of the hematoma contents showed that hemolysis-related parameters, such as potassium, glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, bilirubin, lactate dehydrogenase, and protein concentration, were markedly higher than in the peripheral blood, and there were significant correlations between these parameters. Mixed intensity hematomas were significantly thicker than the other types, and showed markedly higher values of hemolysis-related parameters. Factors affecting the CT and MR imaging findings, such as fresh bleeding, hemolysis, and hemoglobin changes, coexist in a hematoma to varying degrees, and these factors may interact with the age of the hematoma to produce the different patterns that are observed. (author)

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The level of circulating endothelial progenitor cells may be associated with the occurrence and recurrence of chronic subdural hematoma  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: The onset of chronic subdural hematoma may be associated with direct or indirect minor injuries to the head or a poorly repaired vascular injury. Endothelial progenitor cells happen to be one of the key factors involved in hemostasis and vascular repair. This study was designed to obser [...] ve the levels of endothelial progenitor cells, white blood cells, platelets, and other indicators in the peripheral blood of patients diagnosed with chronic subdural hematoma to determine the possible relationship between the endothelial progenitor cells and the occurrence, development, and outcomes of chronic subdural hematoma. METHOD: We enrolled 30 patients with diagnosed chronic subdural hematoma by computer tomography scanning and operating procedure at Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from July 2009 to July 2011. Meanwhile, we collected 30 cases of peripheral blood samples from healthy volunteers over the age of 50. Approximately 2 ml of blood was taken from veins of the elbow to test the peripheral blood routine and coagulation function. The content of endothelial progenitor cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was determined by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The level of endothelial progenitor cells in peripheral blood was significantly lower in preoperational patients with chronic subdural hematomas than in controls. There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding the blood routine and coagulation function. However, the levels of circulating endothelial progenitor cells were significantly different between the recurrent group and the non-recurrent group. CONCLUSIONS: The level of circulating endothelial progenitor cells in chronic subdural hematoma patients was significantly lower than the level in healthy controls. Meanwhile, the level of endothelial progenitor cells in recurrent patients was significantly lower than the level in patients without recurrence. Endothelial progenitor cells may be related to the occurrence and recurrence of chronic subdural hematoma.

Yan, Song; Zhitao, Wang; Li, Liu; Dong, Wang; Jianning, Zhang.

1084-10-01

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MR imaging of shaken baby syndrome manifested as chronic subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a form of child abuse that can cause significant head injuries, of which subdural hematoma (SDH) is the most common manifestation. We report the MRI findings of chronic SDH in three cases of SBS, involving two-, three- and eight-month-old babies. The SDH signal was mostly low on T1-weighted images and high on T2-weighted images, suggesting chronic SDH. In chronic SDH, a focal high signal on T1-weighted images was also noted, suggesting rebleeding. Contrast-enhanced MRI revealed diffuse dural enhancement

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MR imaging of shaken baby syndrome manifested as chronic subdural hematoma  

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Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a form of child abuse that can cause significant head injuries, of which subdural hematoma (SDH) is the most common manifestation. We report the MRI findings of chronic SDH in three cases of SBS, involving two-, three- and eight-month-old babies. The SDH signal was mostly low on T1-weighted images and high on T2-weighted images, suggesting chronic SDH. In chronic SDH, a focal high signal on T1-weighted images was also noted, suggesting rebleeding. Contrast-enhanced MRI revealed diffuse dural enhancement.

Lee, Yul; Lee, Kwan Seop; Hwang, Dae Hyun; Lee, In Jae; Kim, Hyun Beom; Lee, Jae Young [Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang (Korea, Republic of)

2001-09-01

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Effect of Postoperative Administration of Saireito for Bilateral Chronic Subdural Hematomas  

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Full Text Available The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the efficacy of saireito for bilateral chronic subdural hematomas (B-CSDH. Between April 2006 and March 2010, a total of 18 patients undergoing unilateral burr hole drainage for B-CSDH took part in a controlled clinical study. Postoperative status of the nonsurgical side was subsequently evaluated, with (n = 10 and without (n = 8 saireito administration. Two in the saireito-treated group patients and four in the control group patients ultimately required contralateral surgical intervention. The remainder, including eight saireito-treated hematomas, resolved without further surgery, generally within eight weeks of the surgical side procedure. However, two of the four resolving control lesions took longer to regress. The hydragogue and anti-inflammatory/steroid-evoking properties ascribed to saireito may facilitate hematoma resolution. After unilateral surgery for B-CSDH, saireito administration may prevent symptomatic deterioration of a contralateral low-density CSDH, preempting subsequent surgery.

Satoshi Utsuki

2011-07-01

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Chronic subdural hematomas as evaluated by measns of SPECT, CT and EEG topography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nineteen patients with chronic subdural hematomas were reviewed, and, in an attempt to delineate the pathophysiology of this condition, evaluations were made by means of single-photon-emission tomography (SPECT), computed tomography (CT), and electroencephalographic (EEG) topography. Choronic subdural hematomas were classified into three types on the basis of their SPECT appearances: Type I: normal cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the basal ganglionic region, with or without a decreased mean cerebral hemispheric CBF on the affected side; Type II: decreased basal ganglionic as well as mean cerebral hemispheric CBF on the affected side; Type III: Diffuse, marked reduction of CBF on both sides. In 11 patients with headaches, the SPECT images were often classified as Type I, in which there was a normal regional CBF in the basal ganglia. In the majority, CT scans revealed either hypo- or iso-density in the lesions, with a minimal midline shift. No evidence of focal slow waves was seen on the EEG topograms. On the other hand, 6 patients with hemiparesis demonstrated, on their SPECT images, a relative reduction of both hemispheric and basal ganglionic CBF, as designated as Type II. CT showed high- or mixed-density, and focal slow waves were found on the EEG topograms. Subsequent measurements of the CBF after the evacuation of the hematomas in 13 patients disclosed a 10-20% increase in both hemispheric and basal ganglionic CBF, particularly in patients younger than 65. The present clinical studies suggest a critical role of CBF, especially basal ganglionic CBF, in the pathophysiology of chronic subdural hematomas. (author)

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Dexamethasone treatment in chronic subdural haematoma / Tratamiento con dexametasona del hematoma subdural crónico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish RESUMEN Introducción. El hematoma subdural crónico (HSC) es una entidad clínica bien conocida por los neurocirujanos, cuyo tratamiento habitual es la evacuación del mismo a través de alguna modalidad de trepanación. A pesar de los excelentes resultados así obtenidos, pueden ocurrir diversas complica [...] ciones, algunas de las cuales son potencialmente graves o mortales. Además, la tasa de recidivas puede alcanzar el 25% de los casos. Presentamos una aproximación novedosa al manejo del HSC, basada en la utilización de dexametasona como tratamiento de elección en la gran mayoría de los pacientes. Pacientes y métodos. Se analizaron los historiales médicos de 122 pacientes consecutivos diagnosticados de HSC. Al ingreso todos los pacientes sintomáticos fueron clasificados mediante la Escala de Puntuación de Markwalder (EPM). Aquellos con EPM de 1-2 fueron asignados al Protocolo de Dexametasona (4mg cada 8h, re-evaluación a las 72h y disminución progresiva de dosis) y aquellos con EPM de 3-4 se asignaron, en general, al Protocolo Quirúrgico (único mini-trépano tipo twist-drill frontal, sin irrigación y drenaje a sistema cerrado). El seguimiento clínico se realizó mediante TAC y valoración neurológica en la consulta externa. Resultados. En el período entre Marzo 2001 y Mayo 2006, se trataron 122 pacientes con HSC (69% varones) con una mediana de edad de 78 años (rango 25-97). El 73% de los pacientes presentaban algún déficit neurológico (EPM 2-3-4). No se trataron pacientes asintomáticos (EPM 0). La asignación inicial de tratamientos fue: 101 dexametasona, 15 drenaje subdural, 4 craneotomía y 2 no recibieron tratamiento. Precisaron drenaje 22 pacientes inicialmente asignados a dexametasona (21.8%). Se obtuvo resultado favorable (EPM 0-12) en el 96% y 93.9% de los tratados con dexametasona y drenaje, respectivamente. La mediana de estancia fue de 6 días para el grupo de dexametasona y para la serie al completo (rango 1-41), y de 8 días para el grupo intervenido (rango 5-48). La mortalidad global fue del 0.8% y la proporción de reingresos debido al HSD del 14.7% (todos mejoraron o estabilizaron su EPM). Ocurrieron complicaciones médicas en 34 pacientes (27.8%), fundamentalmente descompensaciones hiperglucémicas leves. El seguimiento mediano extrahospitalario de la serie fue de 25 semanas (rango 8-90), con dos únicas pérdidas. Discusión. La utilización de dexametasona en el HSC se basa en sus propiedades antiangiogénicas sobre la membrana del coágulo subdural, según se desprende de estudios experimentales y de las muy escasas observaciones clínicas publicadas. El tratamiento quirúrgico del HSC es conocido que obtiene excelentes resultados, aunque no existen ensayos bien diseñados que comparen ambas modalidades terapéuticas. La experiencia que aporta esta serie nos permite realizar una serie de consideraciones clínicas: el tratamiento del HSC con dexametasona es factible y se compara positivamente con el tratamiento quirúrgico (evitó dos tercios de las intervenciones en nuestra serie); creemos que la historia natural del HSC permite un período de prueba con dexametasona (48-72h) sin someter a riesgo de deterioro irreversible al paciente; se elimina toda la morbilidad asociada a las intervenciones y las recidivas; no provoca complicaciones significativas; reduce la estancia media; no impide ni perjudica un ulterior tratamiento quirúrgico; es una terapia bien tolerada y entendida por el paciente y sus acompañantes y, posiblemente, abarata costes. Los autores proponen un protocolo de manejo que no pretende sustituir al tratamiento quirúrgico sino ofrecer una alternativa efectiva y segura. Conclusión. Los datos obtenidos de esta larga serie retrospectiva sugieren que la utilización de dexametasona en el HSC es una opción factible y segura. En nuestra experiencia, curó o mejoró a dos tercios de todos los pacientes, hecho que debe ser corroborado por otros autores. La verdadera efectividad de esta terap

P.D., Delgado-López; V., Martín-Velasco; J.M., Castilla-Díez; A., Rodríguez-Salazar; A.M., Galacho-Harriero; O., Fernández-Arconada.

2009-08-01

39

Dexamethasone treatment in chronic subdural haematoma / Tratamiento con dexametasona del hematoma subdural crónico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish RESUMEN Introducción. El hematoma subdural crónico (HSC) es una entidad clínica bien conocida por los neurocirujanos, cuyo tratamiento habitual es la evacuación del mismo a través de alguna modalidad de trepanación. A pesar de los excelentes resultados así obtenidos, pueden ocurrir diversas complica [...] ciones, algunas de las cuales son potencialmente graves o mortales. Además, la tasa de recidivas puede alcanzar el 25% de los casos. Presentamos una aproximación novedosa al manejo del HSC, basada en la utilización de dexametasona como tratamiento de elección en la gran mayoría de los pacientes. Pacientes y métodos. Se analizaron los historiales médicos de 122 pacientes consecutivos diagnosticados de HSC. Al ingreso todos los pacientes sintomáticos fueron clasificados mediante la Escala de Puntuación de Markwalder (EPM). Aquellos con EPM de 1-2 fueron asignados al Protocolo de Dexametasona (4mg cada 8h, re-evaluación a las 72h y disminución progresiva de dosis) y aquellos con EPM de 3-4 se asignaron, en general, al Protocolo Quirúrgico (único mini-trépano tipo twist-drill frontal, sin irrigación y drenaje a sistema cerrado). El seguimiento clínico se realizó mediante TAC y valoración neurológica en la consulta externa. Resultados. En el período entre Marzo 2001 y Mayo 2006, se trataron 122 pacientes con HSC (69% varones) con una mediana de edad de 78 años (rango 25-97). El 73% de los pacientes presentaban algún déficit neurológico (EPM 2-3-4). No se trataron pacientes asintomáticos (EPM 0). La asignación inicial de tratamientos fue: 101 dexametasona, 15 drenaje subdural, 4 craneotomía y 2 no recibieron tratamiento. Precisaron drenaje 22 pacientes inicialmente asignados a dexametasona (21.8%). Se obtuvo resultado favorable (EPM 0-12) en el 96% y 93.9% de los tratados con dexametasona y drenaje, respectivamente. La mediana de estancia fue de 6 días para el grupo de dexametasona y para la serie al completo (rango 1-41), y de 8 días para el grupo intervenido (rango 5-48). La mortalidad global fue del 0.8% y la proporción de reingresos debido al HSD del 14.7% (todos mejoraron o estabilizaron su EPM). Ocurrieron complicaciones médicas en 34 pacientes (27.8%), fundamentalmente descompensaciones hiperglucémicas leves. El seguimiento mediano extrahospitalario de la serie fue de 25 semanas (rango 8-90), con dos únicas pérdidas. Discusión. La utilización de dexametasona en el HSC se basa en sus propiedades antiangiogénicas sobre la membrana del coágulo subdural, según se desprende de estudios experimentales y de las muy escasas observaciones clínicas publicadas. El tratamiento quirúrgico del HSC es conocido que obtiene excelentes resultados, aunque no existen ensayos bien diseñados que comparen ambas modalidades terapéuticas. La experiencia que aporta esta serie nos permite realizar una serie de consideraciones clínicas: el tratamiento del HSC con dexametasona es factible y se compara positivamente con el tratamiento quirúrgico (evitó dos tercios de las intervenciones en nuestra serie); creemos que la historia natural del HSC permite un período de prueba con dexametasona (48-72h) sin someter a riesgo de deterioro irreversible al paciente; se elimina toda la morbilidad asociada a las intervenciones y las recidivas; no provoca complicaciones significativas; reduce la estancia media; no impide ni perjudica un ulterior tratamiento quirúrgico; es una terapia bien tolerada y entendida por el paciente y sus acompañantes y, posiblemente, abarata costes. Los autores proponen un protocolo de manejo que no pretende sustituir al tratamiento quirúrgico sino ofrecer una alternativa efectiva y segura. Conclusión. Los datos obtenidos de esta larga serie retrospectiva sugieren que la utilización de dexametasona en el HSC es una opción factible y segura. En nuestra experiencia, curó o mejoró a dos tercios de todos los pacientes, hecho que debe ser corroborado por otros autores. La verdadera efectividad de esta terap

P.D., Delgado-López; V., Martín-Velasco; J.M., Castilla-Díez; A., Rodríguez-Salazar; A.M., Galacho-Harriero; O., Fernández-Arconada.

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Hematoma subdural crônico tratamento cirúrgico e resultados em 96 pacientes operados / Chronic subdural hematoma: surgical treatment and results in 96 operated patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os autores apresentam os resultados cirúrgicos de 96 casos de hematoma subdural crônico operados por meio de orifícios de trépano ou pequenas trefinas: 78 pacientes (81,3%) foram considerados curados, 6 (6,2%) apresentaram seqüelas e 12 (12,5%) faleceram. Os óbitos de natureza neurocirúrgica foram r [...] elacionados à intensidade do comprometimento neurológico por ocasião da cirurgia. A idade avançada associada à presença de doenças sistêmicas também teve influência na mortalidade. Seqüelas neurológicas foram observadas principalmente em pacientes submetidos a reoperações por reacúmulo do hematoma e em portadores de lesões bilaterais. Os autores chamam a atenção para a ocorrência de hipotensão intracraniana associada a colapso cerebral. A importância do diagnóstico precoce e cirurgia imediata são enfatizadas. Abstract in english Ninety-six patients with chronic subdural hematoma were treated surgically and their clinical features presented in detail. Carotid angiography gave the correct diagnosis in all patients. CT scan was performed in 38 and was diagnostic in 92.1% of the cases. The clots were removed through burr-holes [...] or small trephines: 78 (81.3%) patients were cured, 6 (6.2%) had permanent disabilities and 12 (12.5%) died. Operative mortality was related to the degree of neurological impairment, advanced age and systemic diseases. Neurologic sequelae were mostly related to reoperations due to recurrence of the hematoma and bilateral clots, as well. Low intracranial pressure syndrome with brain colapse was seen in 3 cases and treated with lumbar injection of saline solution. The delay in diagnosis and operation as cause of bad outcome is stressed.

J. Francisco, Salomão; Renê D., Leibinger; José Carlos, Lynch.

 
 
 
 
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Hematoma subdural crônico: estudo de 161 pacientes operados e a relação com alterações no coagulograma / Chronic subdural hematoma: study of 161 patients and the relationship with coagulation abnormalities  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a evolução de pacientes com hematoma subdural crônico em relação aos achados do coagulograma. Foram analisados 161 pacientes operados no Hospital das Clínicas-UNICAMP entre abril de 1994 e 2000. Foi detectado um predomínio do sexo masculino (86,3%), da cor branca ( [...] 85,1%) e da faixa etária na quinta década (mediana 57 anos). O estudo mostrou mortalidade maior no período pós-operatório entre os pacientes com valores de RNI (international normalized ratio) superiores a 1,25 e/ou trombocitopenia (p Abstract in english The chronic subdural hematoma represents one of the most frequent types of intracranial hemorrhage. One hundred sixty one patients operated in the Clinical Hospital of State University of Campinas - SP (UNICAMP) from April 1994 to May 2000, were analyzed retrospectively in order to characterize the [...] population and to study the importance of the pre-operative coagulation analysis in the outcome. The majority of the population was male (86%), white (85.1%) and in the fifth decade (median age: 57 years). A high mortality index in the postoperative period was found in patients with INR (international normalized ratio) values greater than 1.25 and/or thrombocytopenia (p

Clarissa Lin, Yasuda; Márcia Elisabete, Morita; Fernanda Yoshi, Nishimori; Agnes Meri, Yasuda; Hélvio Leite, Alves.

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Superimposed Propionibacterium Acnes Subdural Empyema in a Patient with Chronic Subdural Hematoma  

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The authors present a case of subdural empyema in a macrocephalic patient. A 23-year-old male was admitted due to headache and fever. One month ago, he had mild head injury by his coworkers. Physical examination showed a macrocephaly and laboratory findings suggested purulent meningitis. Neuroimaging studies revealed a huge size of epidural space-occupying lesion. Under the impression of epidural abscess, operation was performed. Eventually, the lesion was located at subdural space and was pr...

Kim, Jong Hun; Lee, Chul-hee; Hwang, Soo Hyun; Kang, Dong Ho

2009-01-01

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Clinical study of cerebral blood flow in bilateral chronic subdural hematoma measured by {sup 99m}Tc-HMPAO SPECT  

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Cerebral blood flow (CBF) in 34 patients with bilateral chronic subdural hematoma was measured by {sup 99m}Tc-HMPAO SPECT before operation. The regional CBF was measured in 26 regions of the 10 cortical regions, putamen, thalamus and cerebellar hemisphere on both sides. According to the thickness of subdural hematoma, the thicker hematoma side was measured and examined as the thick hematoma side, and the other side as the thin hematoma side. Thirty four cases with bilateral chronic subdural hematoma were classified into four groups on the basis of clinical symptoms :13 cases with headache (headache group), 10 cases with hemiparesis (hemiparesis group), 5 cases with tetraparesis (tetraparesis group) and 6 cases with consciousness disturbance or dementia (consciousness disturbance group), and into two groups according to the degree of midline brain shift on MRI: 14 cases of non-shifted group and 20 cases of shifted group. The average CBF of 34 patients in each region indicated a regional CBF reduction in the frontal, parietal and occipital cortices on the thin hematoma side, and in the putamen on the thick hematoma side. In the headache group, the regional CBF reduction on the thin hematoma side was found in the frontal, parietal and occipital cortices compared with the corresponding regions on the thick hematoma side, and in thalamus on the thick hematoma side. In the hemiparesis and tetraparesis groups, there was no statistically significant CBF reduction between the thick and thin hematoma sides. In the consciousness disturbance group, the CBF reduction in whole brain was remarkably significant. By the degree of the midline brain shift, the CBF reductions between the thick and thin hematoma sides were observed. Namely, in the shifted group, the CBF reductions were noted in the frontal, parietal and occipital cortices in the thin hematoma side, and in the putamen in the thick hematoma side. We concluded that the CBF reduction of bilateral chronic subdural hematoma was bilaterally found in the hemiparesis and tetraparesis groups, and which was finally observed in whole brain in the consciousness disturbance group. (author)

Okuyama, Tohru; Saito, Koji; Fukuyama, Kohichi; Yamamoto, Kouki; Morimoto, Mamoru [Kushiro Neurosurgical Hospital, Hokkaido (Japan); Aburano, Tamio

2000-08-01

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Clinical study of cerebral blood flow in bilateral chronic subdural hematoma measured by 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cerebral blood flow (CBF) in 34 patients with bilateral chronic subdural hematoma was measured by 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT before operation. The regional CBF was measured in 26 regions of the 10 cortical regions, putamen, thalamus and cerebellar hemisphere on both sides. According to the thickness of subdural hematoma, the thicker hematoma side was measured and examined as the thick hematoma side, and the other side as the thin hematoma side. Thirty four cases with bilateral chronic subdural hematoma were classified into four groups on the basis of clinical symptoms :13 cases with headache (headache group), 10 cases with hemiparesis (hemiparesis group), 5 cases with tetraparesis (tetraparesis group) and 6 cases with consciousness disturbance or dementia (consciousness disturbance group), and into two groups according to the degree of midline brain shift on MRI: 14 cases of non-shifted group and 20 cases of shifted group. The average CBF of 34 patients in each region indicated a regional CBF reduction in the frontal, parietal and occipital cortices on the thin hematoma side, and in the putamen on the thick hematoma side. In the headache group, the regional CBF reduction on the thin hematoma side was found in the frontal, parietal and occipital cortices compared with the corresponding regions on the thick hematoma side, and in thalamus on the thick hematoma side. In the hemiparesis and tetraparesis groups, there was no statistically significant CBF reduction betweenstically significant CBF reduction between the thick and thin hematoma sides. In the consciousness disturbance group, the CBF reduction in whole brain was remarkably significant. By the degree of the midline brain shift, the CBF reductions between the thick and thin hematoma sides were observed. Namely, in the shifted group, the CBF reductions were noted in the frontal, parietal and occipital cortices in the thin hematoma side, and in the putamen in the thick hematoma side. We concluded that the CBF reduction of bilateral chronic subdural hematoma was bilaterally found in the hemiparesis and tetraparesis groups, and which was finally observed in whole brain in the consciousness disturbance group. (author)

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A case of chronic subdural hematoma showing a double-loculated type on CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 69-year-old woman sustained a minor head trauma. One month later she came to the hospital complaining of right motor weakness. This slight right-sided hemiparesis almost completely improved, without surgical treatment, within several days. The same hemiparesis recurred 10 days later. A plain CT scan showed a double-loculated crescent lesion which was separated by a bandlike high-density line, over the left cerebral hemisphere. The outer crescent lesion was mixed in density, low density in the upper section and high-density in the lower portion. The inner crescent lesion was low density. Although a chronic subdural hematoma was found and evacuated at operation, fluid accumulated again 10 days later. The hematoma was thus evacuated again, and the thick neo-membranes were removed as extensively as possible. The outer most neo-membrane just under the dura mater and the intermediate neo-membrane coinciding with a high-density line on CT were in the same proliferation stage, consisting of loose connective tissue with hypertrophic fibroblasts, well-developed sinusoids, and numerous hemosiderine granules. They also showed partial calcium deposition, evidence that these neo-membranes were very old, pre-existing ones. Based on the above-mentioned facts, it was speculated that the outer hematoma was formed by a splitting of a pre-existing, old outer membrane of an inner hematoma due to multiple intra-membraneous bleedings. (J.P.N.)

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Effectiveness of Kampo medicine Gorei-san for chronic subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs) are basically treated by surgery. In some cases with no or minimum symptoms, however, they may be treated conservatively. In the present study, we evaluated the therapeutic effect of a Kampo medicine (Japanese traditional herbal medicine), Gorei-san, in the treatment of those CSDHs. Gorei-san 7.5 g t.i.d. was orally administered for 4 weeks in 22 patients with 27 CSDHs. Maximum thickness of the hematoma was followed up on CT scan for 4 to 29 weeks after administration of Gorei-san. In 7 of 22 patients, tranexamic acid and/or carbazochrome sodium sulfonate were also administrated. Gorei-san was effective in 23 of 27 CSDHs. In 12 of them, the hematoma was completely disappeared within 14 weeks after administration. In the other 11 CSDHs, the thickness was decreased. In those effective cases, thickness began to decrease 3 to 4 weeks after administration of Gorei-san. It was more effective in CSDHs with iso-/high or mixed density than with low density on CT. It was not effective in 4 out of 27 CSDHs. No apparent adverse effect was noted in the present series of patients. The present study suggests that a Kampo medicine, Gorei-san, is a useful option in the conservative treatment of CSDHs with no or minimum symptoms. (author)

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Pathophysiological study of chronic subdural hematoma and communicating hydrocephalus with delayed MRI using Gd-DTPA (Magnevist)  

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Concerning the pathophysiology of chronic subdural hematoma and communicating hydrocephalus, recent studies have been made, but no definitive conclusion has yet been attained. To study their complicated mechanisms, we examined a delayed MRI which was performed 4 hours after the intravenous injection of Gd-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) on 5 cases of subdural hygroma, 3 cases of chronic subdural hematoma after irrigation, one case of hydrocephalus with glioblastoma, and one case of Parkinson syndrome. In every case of subdural hygroma, it was certified that Gd-DTPA was leaked into the cavity of the subdural space. This is perhaps because the outer and inner membranes of the subdural hygroma consist of fibroblasts and of capillary vessels with fenestration; the leakage of blood composition through this fenestration may promote the growth of the membrane and the cavity. The leakage of Gd-DTPA decreased after irrigation, and it did not recur. In the case of hydrocephalus with gioblastoma, there was leakage of Gd-DTPA into the ventricles surrounding the tumor. This may be because of the destruction of the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier; perhaps this is associated with the cause of the communicating hydrocephalus. (author)

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Endoscopic burr hole evacuation of an acute subdural hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Acute subdural hematoma evacuations frequently necessitate large craniotomies with extended operative times and high relative blood loss, which can lead to additional morbidity for the patient. While endoscopic minimally invasive approaches to chronic subdural collections have been successfully demonstrated, this technique has not previously been applied to acute subdural hematomas. The authors report their experience with an 87-year-old patient presenting with a large acute right-sided subdural hematoma successfully evacuated via an endoscopic minimally invasive technique. The operative approach is outlined, and the literature on endoscopic subdural collection evacuation reviewed. PMID:23962631

Codd, Patrick J; Venteicher, Andrew S; Agarwalla, Pankaj K; Kahle, Kristopher T; Jho, David H

2013-12-01

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Clinical study of cerebral blood flow in unilateral chronic subdural hematoma measured by {sup 99m}Tc-HMPAO SPECT  

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Cerebral blood flow (CBF) measured by {sup 99m}Tc-HMPAO SPECT before operation was studied in 60 patients with unilateral chronic subdural hematoma. The regional CBF was measured in 26 regions of the fronto-occipital 10 cortices, putamen, thalamus and cerebellar hemisphere on both sides. Sixty cases with unilateral chronic subdural hematoma were classified into four groups on the basis of clinical symptoms: 17 cases with headache (headache group), 34 cases with hemiparesis (hemiparesis group) and 9 cases with consciousness disturbance or dementia (consciousness disturbance group), and into three groups on the basis of the degree of midline brain shift on MRI: 7 cases of mild shift group, 24 cases of moderate shift group and 29 cases of severe shift group. The average CBF in 60 patients in each region indicated that the regional CBF was reduced in frontal, occipital cortices and cerebellum on the non-hematoma side, and in putamen and thalamus on the hematoma side. In the headache group, the regional CBF reduction on the non-hematoma side was found in only frontal and occipital cortices compared with the corresponding regions on the hematoma side. In the hemiparesis group, the regional CBF was reduced in frontal and occipital cortices on the non-hematoma side and in putamen and thalamus on the hematoma side. The part of CBF reduction in both hemispheres was also noted in the hemiparesis group. In the consciousness disturbance group, the CBF reduction was markedly noted in whole brain. The CBF reductions in frontal and occipital cortices on the non-hematoma side and in putamen, thalamus and cerebellum on the hematoma side was not mutually related with the degree of midline brain shift. We concluded that the disturbance of CBF in chronic subdural hematoma was started from frontal and occipital cortices on the non-hematoma side observed in the headache group, and which was extended to putamen and thalamus on the hematoma side and a part of both hemispheres observed in the hemiparesis group. And such disturbance was finally observed as the CBF reductions in whole brain in the consciousness disturbance group. (author)

Okuyama, Tohru; Saito, Koji; Fukuyama, Kohichi; Yamamoto, Kouki; Morimoto, Mamoru [Kushiro Neurosurgical Hospital, Hokkaido (Japan); Aburano, Tamio

2000-02-01

50

Clinical study of cerebral blood flow in unilateral chronic subdural hematoma measured by 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cerebral blood flow (CBF) measured by 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT before operation was studied in 60 patients with unilateral chronic subdural hematoma. The regional CBF was measured in 26 regions of the fronto-occipital 10 cortices, putamen, thalamus and cerebellar hemisphere on both sides. Sixty cases with unilateral chronic subdural hematoma were classified into four groups on the basis of clinical symptoms: 17 cases with headache (headache group), 34 cases with hemiparesis (hemiparesis group) and 9 cases with consciousness disturbance or dementia (consciousness disturbance group), and into three groups on the basis of the degree of midline brain shift on MRI: 7 cases of mild shift group, 24 cases of moderate shift group and 29 cases of severe shift group. The average CBF in 60 patients in each region indicated that the regional CBF was reduced in frontal, occipital cortices and cerebellum on the non-hematoma side, and in putamen and thalamus on the hematoma side. In the headache group, the regional CBF reduction on the non-hematoma side was found in only frontal and occipital cortices compared with the corresponding regions on the hematoma side. In the hemiparesis group, the regional CBF was reduced in frontal and occipital cortices on the non-hematoma side and in putamen and thalamus on the hematoma side. The part of CBF reduction in both hemispheres was also noted in the hemiparesis group. In the consciousness disturbance group, the CBF reduction was markedly nce group, the CBF reduction was markedly noted in whole brain. The CBF reductions in frontal and occipital cortices on the non-hematoma side and in putamen, thalamus and cerebellum on the hematoma side was not mutually related with the degree of midline brain shift. We concluded that the disturbance of CBF in chronic subdural hematoma was started from frontal and occipital cortices on the non-hematoma side observed in the headache group, and which was extended to putamen and thalamus on the hematoma side and a part of both hemispheres observed in the hemiparesis group. And such disturbance was finally observed as the CBF reductions in whole brain in the consciousness disturbance group. (author)

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A Modified Technique for Treatment of Chronic Subdural Hematoma with Intermittent Irrigation and Unilateral Drainage System  

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Full Text Available Chronic Subdural Hematoma (CSDH is the problem of infancy and elderly. There are many technique for operation of CSDH, but recurrent bleeding, pneumocephalous and cerebral swelling are the main complication of these techniques. A simple and easy technique is used with intermittent irrigation and unilateral drainage system, which can prevent the two main problems of CSDH operation, cerebral swelling and pneumocephalous. We have operated 17 patients with CSDH between 21 March 2003 till 20 March 2004 with our technique. 76.5% of the patients were male and 23.5% patients were female. The range of the age was between 2 year till 90 year. The main reasons for admission were Hemiplegia (35.2%, Dementia (35.2%, Headache (47% and symptoms mimicking CVA (20.4%. After operation there was not pneumocephalous or a very small bleb of air at post operation CT-scan. We did not have any complication except two recurrent CSDH, in one of them at the contra lateral side and in one case at the same side who still had continued the consumption of Aspirin after operation. These two cases have been also operated successfully with the same technique.

Saeed Abrishamkar

2004-01-01

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The Surgical Treatment of Three Young Chronic Subdural Hematoma Patients with Different Causes  

Science.gov (United States)

Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), which rarely happens in the young, is thought to be a disease of the elderly. Whereas unspecific symptoms and insidious onset in juveniles and young adults, as a result of its relative low morbidity, CSDH is usually neglected even undertreated in the young. Through the three cases and review of the current literature on this subject, we tried to illustrate the clinical and etiopathological characteristics of this entity and find out the most appropriate treatment strategy. We report three young CSDH patients with different but similar symptoms. The present histories, tests and examinations revealed different predisposing factors accounting for the genesis of CSDH. Their preoperative symptoms were all resolved with burr hole and drainage operation. Juveniles and young adults suffering from CSDH differ from that of their elderly counterparts in their clinical and etiopathological characteristics. Although trauma is the most important risk factor in young and old CSDH patients, some other predisposing factors may exist. Burr hole and drainage surgery could resolve the problem most of the time. But further tests and examinations even specific management should be made in some cases. PMID:25024828

Hou, Kun; Li, Chen G; Zhang, Yang

2014-01-01

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Diplopia from Subacute Bilateral Subdural Hematoma after Spinal Anesthesia  

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Subdural hematoma (SDH) is a rare, but life-threatening complication of spinal anesthesia. Subdural hematoma resulting from this procedure could present with vague symptoms such as chronic headache and could easily be missed. Chronic headache is one of the symptoms of chronic SDH in postpartum women. Diplopia as the presenting complaint in SDH secondary to peripartum spinal anesthesia has not, to our knowledge, been previously reported. Here, we report a case of diplopia secondary to postpart...

Getaw Worku Hassen

2012-01-01

54

Hematoma subdural crónico: Análisis de 95 casos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El Hematoma Subdural crónico es una patología relativamente frecuente que predomina en adultos  mayores. Es de inicio insidioso, su diagnóstico se basa en el cuadro clínico y estudios radiológicos como la tomografía axial computarizada (TAC), el manejo es predominantemente quirúrgico y su pronóstico [...] es bueno. Se analiza en el presente estudio, una muestra de 95 expedientes clínicos de pacientes con dicho diagnóstico, síntomas iniciales, TAC pre y post diagnóstico, tratamiento y evolución Abstract in english Chronic subdural hematoma is a relatively common disease prevalent in elderly patients. It has an insidious onset, and its diagnosis is based on clinical and radiologic studies like computalized tomography( CT). Its´ management is usually surgical and it has a good prognosis. This study, analyzed a [...] sample of 95 medical records of patients with this diagnosis, initial symptoms, pre and post CT diagnosis, treatment and outcome

Miguel, Esquivel Miranda; Melissa, Arias Quirós; Mayra, Cartín Brenes; María José, Suárez Sánchez; Lizbeth, Salazar-Sánchez.

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Hematoma subdural crónico: Análisis de 95 casos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El Hematoma Subdural crónico es una patología relativamente frecuente que predomina en adultos  mayores. Es de inicio insidioso, su diagnóstico se basa en el cuadro clínico y estudios radiológicos como la tomografía axial computarizada (TAC, el manejo es predominantemente quirúrgico y su pronóstico es bueno. Se analiza en el presente estudio, una muestra de 95 expedientes clínicos de pacientes con dicho diagnóstico, síntomas iniciales, TAC pre y post diagnóstico, tratamiento y evoluciónChronic subdural hematoma is a relatively common disease prevalent in elderly patients. It has an insidious onset, and its diagnosis is based on clinical and radiologic studies like computalized tomography( CT. Its´ management is usually surgical and it has a good prognosis. This study, analyzed a sample of 95 medical records of patients with this diagnosis, initial symptoms, pre and post CT diagnosis, treatment and outcome

Miguel Esquivel Miranda

2012-03-01

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Computed tomography of isodense subdural hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Most subdural hematomas with significant differed attenuation from that of adjacent brain tissue can be accurately diagnosed by CT. Difficulty arises when the hematoma is isodense that is exhibited similar attenuation to that of brain. Unilateral isodense subdural hematoma can be identified by indirect sign such as mass effect. Occasionally, the use of intravenous contrast material to aid in identifying isodense subdural hematomas has met with variable success. Moreover, bilateral isodense subdural hematoma may be more difficult. We therefore considered it of interest to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of CT in isodense subdural hematomas. We have analysed 13 cases surgically provened cases of isodense subdural hematoma examined at Korea General Hospital from October 1981 to April 1982. The results were as follows: 1. One hundred twenty seven cases of subdural hematomas were studied by CT, 13 cases (10.2%) of which were isodense. 2. The age distribution was from 29 years to 69 years and mean age was 52 years. The sex ratio was 11 male to 2 female. 3. Seven (53.8%) of 13 cases has a history of head trauma. 4. The time interval which subdural hematoma became isodense was from 1 week to 4 months and peak time interval was from 1 week to 3 weeks. 5. The precontrast CT scan of isodense subdural hematoma appeared shifting of midline structure, compression and deformity of the ventricles in all 13 cases, effacement of cerebral sulci in 10 cases (76.9%) and dilatation of cci in 10 cases (76.9%) and dilatation of contralateral ventricles in 4 cases (30.8%). 6. The postcontrast CT scan demonstrated enhancement of the medial margin of the lession in 4 (30.8%) of 13 cases and displacement of cortical vein away from the inner table of the skull in 3 (23.1%) of 13 cases. 7. Bilateral isodense subdural hematomas were 2 (15.4%) of 13 cases

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Two cases of subdural hematoma with niveau formation on CT  

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The authors report a case of a bilateral chronic subdural hematoma with niveau formation and another rare case of an acute subdural hematoma with niveau formation on plain CT. The different mechanisms of the niveau formation in these cases are speculated about. The first case was a 75-year-old male who showed a drowsy state, urinary incontinence, and muscle weakness of the bilateral lower limbs. No definite history of head trauma could be found. A plain CT scan showed a bilateral-crescent type fluid collection with niveau formation, consisting of a low-density area in the upper part and a high-density area in the lower part. An operation showed bilateral, moderately encapsulated subdural hematomas; they were evacuated. The second case was a 61-year-old male with head trauma due to a fall from a ladder. On admission, neurological examination revealed a decerebrate posture, a deep coma, and anisocoria. A plain CT scan twenty hours after the onset showed a crescent-type fluid collection with niveau formation in the left fronto-parietal region. The operation showed an acute subdural hematoma containing xanthochromic fluid and coagulated blood. No capsule of hematoma could be seen. The incidence of niveau formation in chronic subdural hematomas is not low (5 - 20%); such niveau formation is thought to be caused by rebleeding into the hematoma and the spending of considerable time in the supine position. On the other hand, no case of an acute subdural hematoma with niveau formation has previously been reported. With regard to this mechanism of niveau formation, we speculate that the hematoma is mixed with cerebrospinal fluid from the arachnoidal tear caused by the head trauma; also, a considerable time in the supine position is necessary. (author)

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MRI findings of traumatic spinal subdural hematoma  

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To describe the MR imaging findings of traumatic spinal subdural hematoma. We retrospectively reviewed the MR images of six patients, with symptoms of acute spinal cord or cauda equena compression after trauma, together with spinal subdural hematoma. We analyzed the extent, location, configuration and signal intensity of the lesions. In five of sex cases, hematomas were distributed extensively throughout the thoracolumbosacral or lumbosacral spinal levels. In five cases they were located in the dorsal portion of the thecal sac, and in one case, in the ventral portion. On axial images, hematomas showed a concave or convex contour, depending on the amount of loculated hematoma. A lobulated appearance was due to limitation of free extension of the hematoma within the subdural space at the lateral sites (nerve root exist zone) at whole spine levels, and at the posteromedian site under lumbar 4-5 levels. In cases of spinal subdural hematoma, the lobulated appearance of hematoma loculation in the subdural space that bounds the lateral sites at al spinal levels and at the posteromedian site under L4-5 levels is a characteristic finding. (author)

Jeong, Hyeon Jo; Baek, Jung Hwan; Kim, Yun Suk; Jeong, Sun Ok; Park, Hyun Joo; Jo, Jin Man [Dae rim St. Mary' s Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sung Tae [Inha General Hospital, Inchon (Korea, Republic of)

2000-04-01

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MRI findings of traumatic spinal subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To describe the MR imaging findings of traumatic spinal subdural hematoma. We retrospectively reviewed the MR images of six patients, with symptoms of acute spinal cord or cauda equena compression after trauma, together with spinal subdural hematoma. We analyzed the extent, location, configuration and signal intensity of the lesions. In five of sex cases, hematomas were distributed extensively throughout the thoracolumbosacral or lumbosacral spinal levels. In five cases they were located in the dorsal portion of the thecal sac, and in one case, in the ventral portion. On axial images, hematomas showed a concave or convex contour, depending on the amount of loculated hematoma. A lobulated appearance was due to limitation of free extension of the hematoma within the subdural space at the lateral sites (nerve root exist zone) at whole spine levels, and at the posteromedian site under lumbar 4-5 levels. In cases of spinal subdural hematoma, the lobulated appearance of hematoma loculation in the subdural space that bounds the lateral sites at al spinal levels and at the posteromedian site under L4-5 levels is a characteristic finding. (author)

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Case report: Extreme levels of serum S-100B in a patient with chronic subdural hematoma  

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Full Text Available The protein S-100B is a biomarker increasingly used within neurosurgery and neurointensive care. As a relatively sensitive, yet unspecific, indicator of CNS pathology, potential sources of error must be clearly understood when interpreting serum S-100B levels. This case report studied the course of a 46-year-old gentleman with a chronic subdural haemorrhage, serum S-100B levels of 22 ?g/L and a history of malignant melanoma. Both intra- and extra-cranial sources of S-100B are evaluated and imply an unclear contribution of several sources to the total serum concentration. Potential sources of error when interpreting serum concentrations of S-100B are discussed

EricPeterThelin

2012-12-01

 
 
 
 
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Hematoma within the Outer Membrane of the Arachnoid Cyst Located in the Middle Fossa: A Mechanism of Development of Chronic Subdural Hematoma Associated with Arachnoid Cysts  

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Full Text Available It is well known that chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH occasionally arises in patients harboring an arachnoid cyst (AC located in the middle fossa. Although the pathogenesis of CSDH associated with ACs remains unknown, several possible mechanisms have been proposed. In many reported cases, the patients with ACs in the middle fossa would be symptomatic according to development of CSDH. A 9-year-old girl presenting with a headache, nausea, and diplopia was referred to our department. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an AC in the left-side middle fossa and ipsilateral CSDH with a remarkable mass effect. Irrigation of the CSDH, partial removal of the outer membrane of the AC and CSDH, and endoscopic cystocisternostomy were performed to relieve her symptoms. Postoperative clinical course was excellent. Histopathological examination of the outer membrane of the CSDH demonstrated an arachnoid cell layer and hemorrhage from the granulation inside the membrane, and collagen fibers outside the membrane. These findings strongly suggested that the membrane and the content of the CSDH were derived from the outer membrane of the AC, and the CSF including the hemorrhage within the membrane, respectively. Laceration and hemorrhage from granulation tissue within the outer membrane of the AC are considered as one of the developmental mechanisms of the CSDH associated with AC in the middle fossa.

Yasuhiko Hayashi

2014-04-01

62

Diplopia from Subacute Bilateral Subdural Hematoma after Spinal Anesthesia  

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Full Text Available Subdural hematoma (SDH is a rare, but life-threatening complication of spinal anesthesia. Subdural hematoma resulting from this procedure could present with vague symptoms such as chronic headache and could easily be missed. Chronic headache is one of the symptoms of chronic SDH in postpartum women. Diplopia as the presenting complaint in SDH secondary to peripartum spinal anesthesia has not, to our knowledge, been previously reported. Here, we report a case of diplopia secondary to postpartum subacute bilateral SDHs with transtentorial herniation after spinal anesthesia in a healthy primagravid 25-year-old woman. SDH can expand gradually and the initial symptoms might be subtle as in our case, despite critically high intracranial pressure. [West J Emerg Med. 2012;13(1:108–110.

Getaw Worku Hassen

2012-04-01

63

Acute Spontaneous Subdural Hematoma of Arterial Origin  

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Acute spontaneous subdural hematoma (SDH) of arterial origin is very rare. We report a case of acute spontaneous SDH that showed contrast media extravasation from cortical artery on angiograms. A 58-year-old male patient developed sudden onset headache and right hemiparesis. Brain CT scan demonstrated acute SDH at left convexity. The patient was drowsy mentality on admission. He had no history of head trauma. Cerebral angiography was performed and revealed a localized extravasation of the con...

Sung, Soon Ki; Kim, Sung Hoon; Son, Dong Wuk; Lee, Sang Weon

2012-01-01

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Calcified subdural hematoma associated with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of calcified subdural hematoma associated with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage is reported. A left frontal subdural hematoma with left putaminal hemorrhage was incidentally found when a CT scan was performed to evaluate right hemiparesis and aphasia in a 55-year-old man. The putaminal hemorrhage was not very extensive, but his clinical symptoms were rather serious. Not only the putaminal hemorrhage, but also the presence of the calcified subdural hematoma was considered to have caused his clinical deterioration. The subtotal removal of the calcified subdural hematoma brought about a good result. (author)

65

MR imaging evaluation of subdural hematomas in child abuse  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MR imaging is the most accurate modality for determining the presence, number, and aging of subdural hematomas. Based on seven patients studied with CT and MR imaging, MR imaging should be the gold standard in child abuse evaluations. Since the history of child abuse is often ambiguous, MR imaging can assist in dating when the injury occurred. MR imaging in two perpendicular planes is needed, with one plane having both T1- and T2-weighted sequences. Chronic subdural hematomas on CT often have the same density as cerebrospinal fluid and may be misdiagnosed as atrophy or unrecognized. Therefore, the child may be returned into a dangerous situation and subjected to recurrent episodes of battering

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The bilateral isodense subdural hematoma on computerized tomographic scan.  

Science.gov (United States)

Blood causes striking changes on computerized tomography. However, chronic subdural hematomas may become isodense with brain and therefore not visible directly. Midline and ventricular displacement, effacement of cortical sulci, narrowing of white matter on one side, and ventricular distortion should suggest a unilateral isodense process. Bilateral isodense subdural hematomas pose a major problem on computerized tomography since there are no indications of a mass lesion. A negative report could lull the clinician into a false sense of security. In these cases, general disappearance of sulci and considerable narrowing of ventricles are helpful findings. A particularly important and overlooked sign is an abnormally decreased bicaudate cerebroventricular index. Above all, a high degree of suspicion is vital. PMID:444099

Greenhouse, A H; Barr, J W

1979-05-01

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[Three cases of acute subdural hematoma in abused children].  

Science.gov (United States)

We encountered 3 cases of battered children with acute subdural hematoma. In this report, we discuss the difficulties in treating this condition surgically, and we emphasize the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of abused children and their parents. Case 1: A girl, aged 2 months, was brought in by her mother, because the child had become drowsy. The mother stated that the child had been battered by her father. Physical examination revealed tense anterior fontanelle, bruises on her face, consciousness disturbance and retinal bleeding. Marked anemia was revealed on laboratory studies. A computed tomographic (CT) scan demonstrated an interhemispheric subdural hematoma in the parietooccipital region. She was treated conservatively for 2 months. Follow-up CT revealed a bilateral chronic subdural hematoma. Burr hole irrigation and drainage on both sides brought about complete disappearance of these lesions. Case 2: A girl, aged 1 year and 9 months, was brought in by her parents. According to her mother's allegation, the child fell down from the top of an indoor slide and became comatose. Physical examination revealed severe malnutrition, loss of consciousness, dilated pupils and negative light reflex. Numerous areas of subcutaneous bleeding and skin erosions were seen on her back and abdomen. Marked anemia was revealed on laboratory studies. CT scan demonstrated a left acute subdural hematoma and massive brain swelling. Despite an emergency craniotomy, the child died 5 days later. Case 3: A 4-year-old boy was admitted in a comatose state. According to his mother's allegation, he was thrown to the floor from a 1.5m height and struck against a wall by his father. Physical examination revealed severe malnutrition, consciousness loss, dilated pupils and negative light reflex. Many scratches and bruises were seen over his whole body, especially on his back. Marked anemia was revealed on laboratory studies. A CT scan demonstrated a left acute subdural hematoma and massive brain swelling. Three days later, he died despite emergency craniotomy. The incidence of battered children is increasing in Japan, and these cases sometimes involve severe head injuries, such as subdural hematoma. In these cases, successful surgical treatment is difficult after admission to the neurosurgical institute. This may result from late admission as well as marked anemia and malnutrition. Therefore, we conclude that early diagnosis of child abuse and treatment of the abused child and psychological treatment for their parents are very important. PMID:8914155

Fukui, K; Abe, T; Kumon, Y; Sakaki, S; Fujita, H; Hatakeyama, T

1996-10-01

68

Encapsulated acute subdural hematoma mimicking acute epidural hematoma on computed tomography.  

Science.gov (United States)

An 87-year-old woman presented with an atypical case of acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) manifesting as disturbance of consciousness and left hemiparesis. Computed tomography revealed a high density lentiform lesion in the right convexity, which was thought to be acute epidural hematoma preoperatively. Emergent decompressive craniotomy revealed an encapsulated solid fresh clot in the subdural space and a bleeding small cortical artery under the clot. The arachnoid membrane and the brain parenchyma were intact, and no other abnormal feature such as aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation was observed. The encapsulated ASDH was removed en bloc and the patient fully recovered. Histological examination confirmed that both the outer thicker and the inner membrane were fibrinous single structures without vasculature. The red blood cells constituting the clot in the capsule maintained their cell structure. The reported pathological mechanisms of lentiform ASDH are adhesion of the arachnoid membrane and the dura mater or intracapsular bleeding from sinusoidal vessels in the outer membrane of the chronic subdural hematoma. However, in our case, the arachnoid membrane had not adhered to the dura mater and the capsule was a fibrinous single structural membrane without vasculature, which probably resulted from a previous hematoma due to initial bleeding from the cortical artery. The possible mechanism in our case was that the re-bleeding dissected and flowed into the fibrinous single structural membrane, resulting in formation of the lentiform ASDH. PMID:23183078

Miki, Shunichiro; Fujita, Keishi; Katayama, Wataru; Sato, Masayuki; Kamezaki, Takao; Matsumura, Akira; Sakashita, Shingo

2012-01-01

69

Effect of platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist, etizolam, on resolution of chronic subdural hematoma. A prospective study to investigate use as conservative therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Inflammatory reaction is very important for formation of the neomembrane of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). The present study evaluated medical treatment with the platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist, etizolam, for the resolution of CSDH, and the factors indicating surgery or conservative therapy. Alternate patients were assigned to the etizolam group or control group without medical treatment. Patients in the etizolam group received 3.0 mg etizolam per day for 14 days. A total of 53 patients were followed up for at least 6 months. Univariate analysis of differences in demographic characteristics, clinical findings, and initial computed tomography (CT) findings, and multiple logistic regression analysis of the relationship between etizolam treatment and requirement for surgery using age, sex, low density of hematoma on CT, and paresis as confounders were performed. Etizolam treatment (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.156, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.024-0.999, p=0.049) was negatively correlated with requirement for surgery. Low density of hematoma (adjusted OR 0.125, 95% CI 0.019-0.846, p=0.033) was found to be an independent negative predictor, and paresis as an initial symptom (adjusted OR 6.35, 95% CI 1.04-38.7, p=0.045) was an independent positive predictor of requirement for surgery. Etizolam administration can promote the resolution of CSDH, especially at the stage of hygroma appearing as low density on CT. Surgery is recommended if the patient presentsery is recommended if the patient presents with paresis. (author)

70

The outcome of the acute subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thirty-five cases of acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) were reviewed and divided into two groups of A and B according to the outcome. The findings of computed tomography (CT) and the time interval between head trauma and surgical intervention were investigated to know the factors that influence the prognosis in ASDH. Group A, 18 patients, had a poor outcome. Fifteen patients out of 18 had the removal of hematoma and decompression craniectomy with 10 deaths, 4 vegetative states and 1 severe disability. Three patients died without surgery. Group B, 17 patients, were treated surgically in the same way as in group A and all patients had a good recovery with 14 making a full recovery and 3 with a moderate disability. Surgical mortality was 31.3% and overall mortality was 37.1%. The features of the CT findings in 18 patients of group A were as follows. Eleven patients had midline shift of more than 15 mm, 9 had subdural high density area of more than 15 mm and 12 patients had bilateral collapse of the lateral ventricles. The charactaristic finding of CT recognized in all patients of group A was disappearance of the ambient cistern. On the contrary, in 17 patients of group B the displacement of the intracranial structure was not so severe as in group A. The midline shift of 14 patients was less than 7.5 mm, the width of subdural high density area of 15 patients was less than 7.5 mm and the ambient cistern was recognized in 12 patients. For 11 patients out of 15 in group A, the For 11 patients out of 15 in group A, the operation was performed within 6 hours following the onset of head trauma, however, 9 patients died, one in a vegetative state and one had severe disability postoperatively. Thirteen patients out of 17 in group B were operated on later than 6 hours after the onset of the head trauma, and yet took a good outcome. (J.P.N.)

71

Hematoma subdural crónico: Modalidades de tratamiento revisión del tema. Propuestas de manejo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hematoma subdural crónico constituye una entidad nosológica frecuente en la práctica neuroquirúrgica, existiendo múltiples modalidades de tratamiento propuestas con resultados muy diversos. Se hizo una revisión de varios de los aspectos del tratamiento de estos pacientes para intentar formular re [...] comendaciones generales de manejo de acuerdo a los trabajos científicos publicados y a la experiencia de los autores. Se plantea un tratamiento basado en la fisiopatología del hematoma subdural crónico y su correspondiente traducción imagenológica. Abstract in english Chronic Subdural Haematoma is a frequent neurosurgical con-dition, with multple treatment modalities and diverse results. The authors have made a review of various aspects of treatment in these patients aiming to establish general recommendations, based on the scientific publications and their own e [...] xperience. The proposed treatment is based on the physiopatology of the Chronic Subdural Haematoma and the images pattern.

Marcelo, Algorta; Edgardo, Spagnuolo.

2010-12-01

72

Relationship between the natural history of chronic subdural hematoma and enhancement of the inner membrane on post-contrast CT scan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to determine the features and natural history of the inner membrane in CSDH (chronic subdural hematoma) patients using pre- and post-contrast CT scans. Twenty-four patients with CSDH (28 hematomas) who underwent pre- and post-contrast CT scanning prior to surgery ware studied. CSDH was classified according to the internal architecture as the homogeneous (HM) type, the laminar (LM) type, the separated (SP) type, and the trabecular (TR) type. For each type, the enhancement of the inner membrane, the outer membrane, and trabeculae was evaluated. Enhancement of the inner membrane develops as the stage of CSDH progresses. Although the inner membrane was not enhanced in the HM type, it was enhanced in almost all of the patients with the other types (p <0.0001). In 13% of patients with the LM type, 29% with the SP type, and 40% with the TR type, the inner membrane was moderately or markedly enhanced. The outer membrane was not thickened in any patient. In 88% of the patients who had contralateral hemiparesis on admission and 42% of those who did not have hemiparesis, the inner membrane was clearly enhanced (p=0.0166). This indicated that blood flow to the inner membrane from the pia matter induced hypoperfusion of the brain parenchyma beneath the hematoma in addition to the effect of direct compression. Contrast CT scanning may be useful for diagnosing the extent of enlargement of the inner membrane, predicting the risk of local brain damage, andicting the risk of local brain damage, and evaluating the stage in the natural history of CSDH. (author)

73

Coagulação intravascular disseminada e hematoma subdural: relato de caso Disseminated intravascular coagulation and subdural hematoma: a case report  

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Full Text Available Os autores apresentam caso de hematoma subdural agudo, evacuado na presença de coagulopatia, e fazem considerações necessárias para a compreensão da etiopatogenia da enfermidade.The authors present a case of acute subdural haematoma evacuated in the presence of a coagulopathy. Some elements necessary for the understanding of the etiopathogenesis of the disease are discussed.

C. E. Cavalcanti

1985-09-01

74

Interhemispheric subdural hematoma: An uncommon sequel of trauma  

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Interhemispheric subdural hematomas are relatively uncommon and usually seen in patients with bleeding disorders. They may present with signs of the falx syndrome or seizures. The management options range from craniotomy and evacuation to conservative management. We report such a case in a patient with normal bleeding parameters, which was managed with a twist drill craniostomy and drainage of the hematoma.

Shankar A; Joseph M; Chandy M

2003-01-01

75

Spontaneous subdural hematoma in a young adult with hemophilia  

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We report a case of spontaneous acute subdural hematoma in a 30-year-old man, who was diagnosed with hemophilia during his hospital stay. He developed an extradural hematoma following evacuation of the acute SDH, which was also evacuated. He had a good outcome. Management of such a patient is discussed.

Agrawal D; Mahapatra A

2003-01-01

76

Spontaneous subdural hematoma in a young adult with hemophilia  

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Full Text Available We report a case of spontaneous acute subdural hematoma in a 30-year-old man, who was diagnosed with hemophilia during his hospital stay. He developed an extradural hematoma following evacuation of the acute SDH, which was also evacuated. He had a good outcome. Management of such a patient is discussed.

Agrawal D

2003-01-01

77

Interhemispheric subdural hematoma: An uncommon sequel of trauma  

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Full Text Available Interhemispheric subdural hematomas are relatively uncommon and usually seen in patients with bleeding disorders. They may present with signs of the falx syndrome or seizures. The management options range from craniotomy and evacuation to conservative management. We report such a case in a patient with normal bleeding parameters, which was managed with a twist drill craniostomy and drainage of the hematoma.

Shankar A

2003-01-01

78

Supratentorial arachnoid cyst and associated subdural hematoma: neuroradiologic studies  

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CT and MR images of 8 patients with supratentorial arachnoid cyst complicated by subdural hematoma were studied and compared with those of 8 patients who developed nontraumatic subdural hematoma without arachnoid cyst. Ot the 8 patients with supratentorial arachnoid cyst, CT and MR disclosed temporal bulging and/or thinning of the temporal squama in all 6 patients with middle fossa arachnoid cysts, and the thinning of the calvaria was evident in another patient with a convexity cyst. Calvarial thinning at the site corresponding to interhemispheric arachnoid cyst was clearly depicted on coronal MR images. In contrast, none of the 8 young patients with nontraumatic subdural hematoma without arachnoid cyst had abnormal calvaria. Temporal bulging and thinning of the overlying calvaria were identified as diagnostic CT and MR features of arachnoid cyst with complicating intracystic and subdural hermorrhage. Radiologists should be aware of this association and should evaluate the bony structure carefully. (orig.)

Ochi, M. [Dept. of Radiology, Nagasaki Univ. School of Medicine, (Japan); Morikawa, M. [Dept. of Radiology, Nagasaki Univ. School of Medicine, (Japan)]|[Dept. of Radiology, National Nagasaki Chuo Hospital, Ohmura (Japan); Ogino, A. [Dept. of Radiology, Nagasaki Univ. School of Medicine, (Japan); Nagaoki, K. [Dept. of Radiology, Nagasaki Univ. School of Medicine, (Japan)]|[Dept. of Radiology, Isahaya General Hospital (Japan); Hayashi, K. [Dept. of Radiology, Nagasaki Univ. School of Medicine, (Japan)

1996-10-01

79

Supratentorial arachnoid cyst and associated subdural hematoma: neuroradiologic studies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CT and MR images of 8 patients with supratentorial arachnoid cyst complicated by subdural hematoma were studied and compared with those of 8 patients who developed nontraumatic subdural hematoma without arachnoid cyst. Ot the 8 patients with supratentorial arachnoid cyst, CT and MR disclosed temporal bulging and/or thinning of the temporal squama in all 6 patients with middle fossa arachnoid cysts, and the thinning of the calvaria was evident in another patient with a convexity cyst. Calvarial thinning at the site corresponding to interhemispheric arachnoid cyst was clearly depicted on coronal MR images. In contrast, none of the 8 young patients with nontraumatic subdural hematoma without arachnoid cyst had abnormal calvaria. Temporal bulging and thinning of the overlying calvaria were identified as diagnostic CT and MR features of arachnoid cyst with complicating intracystic and subdural hermorrhage. Radiologists should be aware of this association and should evaluate the bony structure carefully. (orig.)

80

Dural metastases with subdural hematoma from prostate cancer / Hematoma subdural secundario a metástasis durales de cáncer de próstata  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Decribimos el caso de un paciente de 54 años de edad con cáncer de próstata avanzado con hematoma subdural no traumático secundario a metástasis durales. Había recibido previamente tratamiento hormonal y quimioterapia basada en docetaxel. En la resonancia magnética se mostraba el hematoma subdural e [...] n el contexto de metástasis leptomeníngeas y durales. Hay que destacar esta forma tan inusual de metástasis de un cáncer de próstata y el mal pronóstico que conlleva esta complicación. Abstract in english We reported a case of subdural effusion secondary to dural metastasis of prostatic cancer. A 54-year-old man was referred for headache, vomiting and gait disturbance. He had undergone hormonal therapy and docetaxel-based chemotherapy for prostatic cancer. The magnetic resonance imaging of the brain [...] showed extensive leptomeningeal carcinomatosis and cranial dural metastases, and subdural hematoma. This is a very rare situation and bad prognosis.

M., Cobo Dols; S., Gil Calle; E., Villar Chamorro; I., Ales Díaz; A., Montesa Pino; J., Alcaide García; V., Gutiérrez Calderón; F., Carabante Ocón; J. J., Bretón García; M., Benavides Orgaz.

 
 
 
 
81

Relationship between the natural history of chronic subdural hematoma and enhancement of the inner membrane on post-contrast CT scan  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to determine the features and natural history of the inner membrane in CSDH (chronic subdural hemotoma) patients using pre- and post-contrast CT scans. Twenty-four patients with CSDH (28 hematomas) who underwent pre- and post-contrast CT scanning prior to surgery ware studied. CSDH was classified according to the internal architecture as the homogeneous (HM) type, the laminar (LM) type, the separated (SP) type, and the trabecular (TR) type. For each type, the enhancement of the inner membrane, the outer membrane, and trabeculae was evaluated. Enhancement of the inner membrane develops as the stage of CSDH progresses. Although the inner membrane was not enhanced in the HM type, it was enhanced in almost all of the patients with the other types (p <0.0001). In 13% of patients with the LM type, 29% with the SP type, and 40% with the TR type, the inner membrane was moderately or markedly enhanced. The outer membrane was not thickened in any patient. In 88% of the patients who had contralateral hemiparesis on admission and 42% of those who did not have hemiparesis, the inner membrane was clearly enhanced (p=0.0166). This indicated that blood flow to the inner membrane from the pia matter induced hypoperfusion of the brain parenchyma beneath the hematoma in addition to the effect of direct compression. Contrast CT scanning may be useful for diagnosing the extent of enlargement of the inner membrane, predicting the risk of local brain damage, and evaluating the stage in the natural history of CSDH. (author)

Nakaguchi, Hiroshi; Yoshimasu, Norio [Teraoka Memorial Hospital, Shinichi, Hiroshima (Japan); Tanishima, Takeo [Tokyo Kosei Nenkin Hospital (Japan)

2003-02-01

82

Value of routine early post-operative computed tomography in determining short-term functional outcome after drainage of chronic subdural hematoma: An evaluation of residual volume  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Computed tomography (CT) scans are widely used in managing chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). Factors that determine early post-operative volume have not been examined. The value of routine early post-operative residual volume have not been evaluated. Our study aims to compare pre-operative and early post-operative CT findings to determine the factors affecting residual hematoma and evaluate if early post-operative CT scans are useful in the management of CSDH. Methods: Forty-three patients who underwent burr hole drainage of unilateral CSDH from August 2006 to January 2013 and had routine post-operative CT scans within 48 hours of surgery were selected. Data regarding age, sex, neurological deficit, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), pre-existing medical conditions, use of antiplatelets or anticoagulation, operative time, usage of drains, and number of burr holes were obtained. The pre-operative CSDH volume, CSDH density, and midline shift were measured. Residual volume was calculated from early post-operative CT scans. Clinical outcome was evaluated with Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) at the time of discharge. Statistical analysis was performed to look for correlation between the pre-operative factors and residual volume, and the residual volume and GOS. Results: Pre-operative volume was found to correlate significantly with post-operative residual volume. There was no significant correlation between all other pre-operative factors and residual volume. There was also no correlation between residual volume and GOS at discharge. Conclusion: Routine post-operative CT brain for burr hole drainage of CSDH may be unnecessary in view of the good predictive value of pre-operative volume, and also because it is not predictive of the clinical outcome. PMID:25298918

Ng, Hui Yu; Ng, Wai Hoe; King, Nicolas K. K.

2014-01-01

83

Analysis of infantile subdural hematoma caused by abuse  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report infantile subdural hematoma caused by abuse. Between January 2006 and December 2009, 10 cases of definite and highly suspicious abusive subdural hematoma in infants were treated at Nara Medical University Hospital. The mean age was 5.4 months. On CT examination, severe cerebral swelling was seen in 8 (80%) and wide spreading cerebral ischemia and atrophy in 9 (90%). Retinal hemorrhage was commonly seen in this series (90%). Subdural drainage and/or subdural-peritoneal shunt surgeries were performed in 6 cases, and intensive combined therapy of mild hypothermia and barbiturate was adapted in 7 cases. Favorable outcome was achieved in only 3 cases. In spite of aggressive treatment, clinical outcome are still bad. In our series, assailants were predominantly not father but mother. There were various and complex factors for child abuse. Cautious insight and suspicion are necessary to detect abusive injuries in infants. It is very important to endeavor to prevent recurrences of abusive injuries. (author)

84

Hematoma subdural crónico calcificado. Reporte de un caso  

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Full Text Available El hematoma subdural crónico constituye una enfermedad frecuente en la práctica neuroquirúrgica cotidiana. Su diagnóstico se realiza actualmente de forma temprana en la mayoría de los pacientes, a partir de la introducción de las modernas técnicas de imagenología. Se presenta el caso de un enfermo de 84 años de edad con historia de cefalea, mutismo acinético y cuadriparesia, cuyo examen tomográfico mostró una colección extraxial supratentorial hemisférica derecha con calcificación masiva; se practicó la exéresis mediante una craneotomía y el estudio histopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de hematoma subdural crónico. Se concluye que, al constituir la calcificación masiva del hematoma subdural crónico una rara forma de presentación imagenológica en la actualidad, deben contemplarse otras entidades en el diagnóstico diferencial como neoplasias y malformaciones vasculares intracraneales; por otro lado, aumenta la complejidad quirúrgica ya que es imprescindible la práctica de una craneotomía para la evacuación de la lesión.

Ariel Varela Hern\\u00E1ndez

2008-01-01

85

Rapid spontaneous resolution of an acute subdural hematoma: Case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a case of acute subdural hematoma which was rapidly resolved without surgical intervention. This 31 year old man had a hematoma of which thickness was 9 mm and was paraplegic due to fracture-dislocation of thoracic spine at the level of TII-12 Rapid recovery of consciousness despite of sizable hematoma made to take a serial CT scanning instead of immediate surgical interventions. The hematoma was resolved within 4 hours without surgery. Possible mechanism of this rapid spontaneous resolution is discussed with brief review of the related literature

86

Enlarged cerebrospinal fluid spaces in infants with subdural hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Computed tomography in 16 infants with subdural hematomas showed enlarged basal cisterns, a wide interhemispheric fissure, prominent cortical sulci, and varying degrees of ventricular enlargement. Radionuclide cisternography in eight of the 16 patients showed findings consistent with enlargement of the subarachnoid space rather than those of communicating hydrocephalus. Clinical findings and brief follow-up showed no convincing evidence for cerebral atrophy in 13 patients. These findings suggest that the enlarged subarachnoid space, which is encountered in some infants and may be a developmental variant, predisposes such infants to subdural hematomas

87

Coagulação intravascular disseminada e hematoma subdural: relato de caso / Disseminated intravascular coagulation and subdural hematoma: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os autores apresentam caso de hematoma subdural agudo, evacuado na presença de coagulopatia, e fazem considerações necessárias para a compreensão da etiopatogenia da enfermidade. [...] Abstract in english The authors present a case of acute subdural haematoma evacuated in the presence of a coagulopathy. Some elements necessary for the understanding of the etiopathogenesis of the disease are discussed. [...

C. E., Cavalcanti; E., Jansen.

1985-09-01

88

Subdural Hematoma in Grave’s Disease Induced Thrombocytopenia.  

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Full Text Available Subdural hematoma (SDH usually occurs secondary to trauma, in bleeding disorders it may occur spontaneously. It is a rare complication of immune thrombocytopenia. Here we report a case of 45 years female presenting with presenting with complaints of headache, palpitation and menorrhagia and later diagnosed to be a case of Grave's disease with thrombocytopenia with sub dural hematoma. No such case reports are available in literature.

Sunil Kumar

2013-01-01

89

Two cases of subdural hematoma with niveau formation on CT. A study of the cause of niveau formation  

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The authors report a case of a bilateral chronic subdural hematoma with niveau formation and another rare case of an acute subdural hematoma with niveau formation on plain CT. The different mechanisms of the niveau formation in these cases are speculated about. The first case was a 75-year-old male who showed a drowsy state, urinary incontinence, and muscle weakness of the bilateral lower limbs. No definite history of head trauma could be found. A plain CT scan showed a bilateral-crescent type fluid collection with niveau formation, consisting of a low-density area in the upper part and a high-density area in the lower part. An operation showed bilateral, moderately encapsulated subdural hematomas; they were evacuated. The second case was a 61-year-old male with head trauma due to a fall from a ladder. On admission, neurological examination revealed a decerebrate posture, a deep coma, and anisocoria. A plain CT scan twenty hours after the onset showed a crescent-type fluid collection with niveau formation in the left fronto-parietal region. The operation showed an acute subdural hematoma containing xanthochromic fluid and coagulated blood. No capsule of hematoma could be seen. The incidence of niveau formation in chronic subdural hematomas is not low (5 - 20%); such niveau formation is thought to be caused by rebleeding into the hematoma and the spending of considerable time in the supine position. On the other hand, no case of an acute subdural hematoma with niveau formation has previously been reported. With regard to this mechanism of niveau formation, we speculate that the hematoma is mixed with cerebrospinal fluid from the arachnoidal tear caused by the head trauma; also, a considerable time in the supine position is necessary.

Shimizu, Satoshi; Fukuda, Atsuhiro; Sato, Masaharu; Kohama, Akitsugu (Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Okayama (Japan))

1984-04-01

90

Neurological and functional outcomes of subdural hematoma evacuation in patients over 70 years of age  

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Background: Subdural hematoma (SDH) is a common disease entity treated by neurosurgical intervention. Although the incidence increases in the elderly population, there is a paucity of studies examining their surgical outcomes. Objectives: To determine the neurological and functional outcomes of patients over 70 years of age undergoing surgical decompression for subdural hematoma. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data on 45 patients above 70 years who underwent craniotomy or burr holes for acute, chronic or mixed subdural hematomas. We analyzed both neurological and functional status before and after surgery. Results: Forty-five patients 70 years of age or older were treated in our department during the study period. There was a significant improvement in the neurological status of patients from admission to follow up as assessed using the Markwalder grading scale (1.98 vs. 1.39; P =0.005), yet no improvement in functional outcome was observed as assessed by Glasgow Outcome Score. Forty-one patients were admitted from home, however only 20 patients (44%) were discharged home, 16 (36%) discharged to nursing home or rehab, 6 (13%) to hospice and 3 (7%) died in the postoperative period. Neurological function improved in patients who were older, had a worse pre-operative neurological status, were on anticoagulation and had chronic or mixed acute and chronic hematoma. However, no improvement in functional status was observed. Conclusion: Surgical management of SDH in patients over 70 years of age provides significant improvement in neurological status, but does not change functional status. PMID:24250154

Mulligan, Patrick; Raore, Bethwel; Liu, Shuling; Olson, Jeffrey J.

2013-01-01

91

Delayed post-operative contralateral epidural hematoma in a patient with right-sided acute subdural hematoma: a case report  

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Head injury is one of the leading causes of death and disability in traumatic accidents. Post-operative contralateral epidural hematomas after surgery for acute subdural hematoma seem to be rare. In this case, expansion and spontaneous resolution of a fractural epidural hematoma contralateral to the side of acute subdural hematoma is presented. The importance of immediate post-operative computed tomography is also highlighted to detect delayed traumatic mass lesions.

Saberi, Hooshang; Meybodi, Ali Tayebi; Meybodi, Keyvan Tayebi; Habibi, Zohreh; Mirsadeghi, Sayed Mohammad Haji

2009-01-01

92

Delayed post-operative contralateral epidural hematoma in a patient with right-sided acute subdural hematoma: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Head injury is one of the leading causes of death and disability in traumatic accidents. Post-operative contralateral epidural hematomas after surgery for acute subdural hematoma seem to be rare. In this case, expansion and spontaneous resolution of a fractural epidural hematoma contralateral to the side of acute subdural hematoma is presented. The importance of immediate post-operative computed tomography is also highlighted to detect delayed traumatic mass lesions. PMID:19918570

Saberi, Hooshang; Meybodi, Ali Tayebi; Meybodi, Keyvan Tayebi; Habibi, Zohreh; Mirsadeghi, Sayed Mohammad Haji

2009-01-01

93

Subdural hematomas in boxing: the spectrum of consequences.  

Science.gov (United States)

Boxing is a violent sport in which every participant accepts the risk of brain damage or death. This sport has been linked to acute neurological injury and chronic brain damage. The most common life-threatening injury encountered by its participants is subdural hematoma (SDH), and the most feared consequence of chronic insult to the nervous system is dementia pugilistica, or punch drunkenness. Although advances in imaging and neuropsychological testing have improved our ability to diagnose these injuries, the unprecedented sensitivity and wide availability of these modalities have increased the detection of mild cognitive impairment and small, asymptomatic imaging abnormalities. The question has thus been raised as to where on the spectrum of these injuries an athlete should be permanently banned from the sport. In this report the authors describe six boxers who were evaluated for SDH sustained during participation in the sport, and who experienced remarkably different outcomes. Their presentations, clinical courses, and boxing careers are detailed. The athletes ranged in age from 24 to 55 years at the time of injury. Two were female and four were male; half of them were amateurs and half were professionals. Treatments ranged from observation only to decompressive craniectomy. Two of the athletes were allowed to participate in the sport after their injury (one following a lengthy legal battle), with no known sequelae. One boxer died within 48 hours of her injury and at least two suffered permanent neurological deficits. In a third, dementia pugilistica was diagnosed 40 years later, and the man died while institutionalized. PMID:17112188

Miele, Vincent J; Bailes, Julian E; Cantu, Robert C; Rabb, Craig H

2006-01-01

94

[Acute subdural hematoma of the posterior fossa in the child. Case report].  

Science.gov (United States)

Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) of the posterior fossa is very rare in childhood. It represent 0.52% of all subdural hematomas. We report a case of post-traumatic acute subdural hematoma of the posterior fossa in a 4-year-old child who was drowsy, without a neurologic defect. The CT scan revealed a simple ASDH, with a good recovery after surgical treatment. The literature is reviewed, clinical and therapeutic aspects are discussed. PMID:12736580

Hilmani, S; Bertal, A; El Malki, M; Sami, A; Achouri, M; Ouboukhlik, A; El Kamar, A; El Azhari, A

2003-03-01

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Spontaneous disappearance of acute subdural hematoma on CT scan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We encountered a patient with a severe head injury complicated by DIC in whom the serial CT scans revealed the disappearance of the subdural hematoma. A 65-year-old man received a heavy blow to the head in a traffic accident. On admission, the patient was in a coma (Glasgow's coma scale: 5 points), showing anisocoria (right > left) and left hemiplegia. He later deteriorated in ataxic respiration and died 23 hours after the trauma. In a blood-coagulation examination done 2 hours after the trauma, the bleeding time was 9 minutes, the coagulation time was more than 60 minutes, the serum fibrinogen was less than 15 mg/dl, and the serum FDP was above 160 ug/ml; a diagnosis of DIC was thus made. CT scans 1 hour after the trauma showed acute subdural hematoma in the right cerebral hemisphere, a medial displacement of the lateral ventricles, and a traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. In CT scans taken 21 hours after the trauma, however, the subdural hematoma had disappeared, while a diffuse swelling of the cerebrum, mottled high-density areas along the cerebral sulci, and high-density areas in the posterior horns of the bilateral ventricles as well as in the cerebello-pontine angle were observed for the first time. These changes in the CT findings are considered to be due to the decrease in the viscosity of the subdural hematoma caused by the markedly enhanced activity of the fibrolytic system with DIC and by subsequent diffusion into intracranial spaces under the increased intracranial pressure associated with the development of cerebral edema. (author)

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Subdural Hematoma and Postdural Puncture Headache from Intrathecal Pump Placement Resolved with Lumbar Epidural Blood Patch  

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Full Text Available Intrathecal drug delivery systems are commonly used in the management of chronic pain, cancer pain and neuromuscular disorders with muscle spasticity. The complications associated with in-trathecal pump placement include persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF leak, hygroma, meningitis, and granuloma formation. A severe persistent CSF leak may cause postdural puncture headache along with acute intracranial subdural hematoma, which can be potentially life threatening. Surgical exploration with dural repair is required to treat this severe complication when conservative treatments fail. We present a case report of severe persistent CSF leak after intrathecal pump revision that resulted in a subdural hematoma and postdural puncture headache. In this case, an epidural blood patch was performed using epidural catheter under fluoroscopic guidance to target the site of CSF leak and to avoid damaging the intrathecal catheter. This patient’s headache was resolved and intrathecal catheter remained intact after this blood patch.

Andrew Ng

2014-09-01

97

Unilateral optic neuropathy following subdural hematoma: a case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Unilateral optic neuropathy is commonly due to a prechiasmatic affliction of the anterior visual pathway, while losses in visual hemifields result from the damage to brain hemispheres. Here we report the unusual case of a patient who suffered from acute optic neuropathy following hemispherical subdural hematoma. Although confirmed up to now only through necropsy studies, our case strongly suggests a local, microcirculatory deficit identified through magnetic resonance imaging in vivo. Case presentation A 70-year-old Caucasian German who developed a massive left hemispheric subdural hematoma under oral anticoagulation presented with acute, severe visual impairment on his left eye, which was noticed after surgical decompression. Neurologic and ophthalmologic examinations indicated sinistral optic neuropathy with visual acuity reduced nearly to amaurosis. Ocular pathology such as vitreous body hemorrhage, papilledema, and central retinal artery occlusion were excluded. An orbital lesion was ruled out by means of orbital magnetic resonance imaging. However, cerebral diffusion-weighted imaging and T2 maps of magnetic resonance imaging revealed a circumscribed ischemic lesion within the edematous, slightly herniated temporomesial lobe within the immediate vicinity of the affected optic nerve. Thus, the clinical course and morphologic magnetic resonance imaging findings suggest the occurrence of pressure-induced posterior ischemic optic neuropathy due to microcirculatory compromise. Conclusion Although lesions of the second cranial nerve following subdural hematoma have been reported individually, their pathogenesis was preferentially proposed from autopsy studies. Here we discuss a dual, pressure-induced and secondarily ischemic pathomechanism on the base of in vivo magnetic resonance imaging diagnostics which may remain unconsidered by computed tomography.

Witte Otto W

2010-01-01

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Hematoma subdural intracraniano pós-anestesia subaracnóidea: relato de dois casos e revisão de 33 casos da literatura / Intracranial subdural hematoma post-spinal anesthesia: report of two cases and review of 33 cases in the literature / Hematoma subdural intracraneal postanestesia subaracnoidea: relato de dos casos y revisión de 33 casos de la literatura  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Hematoma subdural intracraniano é uma complicação rara pós-anestesia subaracnóidea. Relatamos dois casos de mulheres que desenvolveram hematoma subdural crônico pós-anestesia subaracnóidea, diagnosticados após a evolução clínica prolongada de cefaleia pós-punção dural (CPP [...] D) e analisamos outros 33 casos encontrados em revisão da literatura. RELATO DOS CASOS: Nos 35 pacientes (idade entre 20-88 anos, 19 homens), 14 tinham mais de 60 anos (40%) sendo 12 (86%) homens. A relação se inverte no grupo de pacientes mais jovens ( Abstract in spanish JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: El hematoma subdural intracraneal es una complicación rara postanestesia subaracnoidea. Relatamos aquí dos casos de mujeres que desarrollaron hematoma subdural crónico postanestesia Subaracnoidea, diagnosticados posteriormente a la evolución clínica prolongada de cefalea p [...] ostpunción dural (CPPD), y analizamos otros 33 casos encontrados en una revisión de la literatura. RELATO DE LOS CASOS: En los 35 pacientes (edad entre 20 y 88 años, 19 hombres), 14 tenían más de 60 años (40%) siendo 12 (86%) hombres. La relación se invierte en el grupo de pacientes más jóvenes ( Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intracranial subdural hematoma is a rare complication of spinal anesthesia. We report two cases of women who developed chronic subdural hematoma post-spinal anesthesia diagnosed after prolonged clinical evolution of post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) and we analyze other [...] 33 cases found on literature review. CASE REPORTS: In 35 patients (ages 20-88 years, 19 males), 14 were older than 60 years (40%), of which 12 (86%) were males. The relationship is inverted in the group of younger patients (

Jane Auxiliadora, Amorim; Diana Souza Canuto dos Anjos, Remígio; Otávio, Damázio Filho; Marcos Aureliano Guerra de, Barros; Valentina Nicole, Carvalho; Marcelo Moraes, Valença.

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Hematoma subdural intracraniano pós-anestesia subaracnóidea: relato de dois casos e revisão de 33 casos da literatura / Intracranial subdural hematoma post-spinal anesthesia: report of two cases and review of 33 cases in the literature / Hematoma subdural intracraneal postanestesia subaracnoidea: relato de dos casos y revisión de 33 casos de la literatura  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Hematoma subdural intracraniano é uma complicação rara pós-anestesia subaracnóidea. Relatamos dois casos de mulheres que desenvolveram hematoma subdural crônico pós-anestesia subaracnóidea, diagnosticados após a evolução clínica prolongada de cefaleia pós-punção dural (CPP [...] D) e analisamos outros 33 casos encontrados em revisão da literatura. RELATO DOS CASOS: Nos 35 pacientes (idade entre 20-88 anos, 19 homens), 14 tinham mais de 60 anos (40%) sendo 12 (86%) homens. A relação se inverte no grupo de pacientes mais jovens ( Abstract in spanish JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: El hematoma subdural intracraneal es una complicación rara postanestesia subaracnoidea. Relatamos aquí dos casos de mujeres que desarrollaron hematoma subdural crónico postanestesia Subaracnoidea, diagnosticados posteriormente a la evolución clínica prolongada de cefalea p [...] ostpunción dural (CPPD), y analizamos otros 33 casos encontrados en una revisión de la literatura. RELATO DE LOS CASOS: En los 35 pacientes (edad entre 20 y 88 años, 19 hombres), 14 tenían más de 60 años (40%) siendo 12 (86%) hombres. La relación se invierte en el grupo de pacientes más jóvenes ( Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intracranial subdural hematoma is a rare complication of spinal anesthesia. We report two cases of women who developed chronic subdural hematoma post-spinal anesthesia diagnosed after prolonged clinical evolution of post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) and we analyze other [...] 33 cases found on literature review. CASE REPORTS: In 35 patients (ages 20-88 years, 19 males), 14 were older than 60 years (40%), of which 12 (86%) were males. The relationship is inverted in the group of younger patients (

Jane Auxiliadora, Amorim; Diana Souza Canuto dos Anjos, Remígio; Otávio, Damázio Filho; Marcos Aureliano Guerra de, Barros; Valentina Nicole, Carvalho; Marcelo Moraes, Valença.

2010-12-01

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Traumatic Acute Subdural Hematoma Extending from the Posterior Cranial Fossa to the Cerebellopontine Angle  

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Posterior cranial fossa subdural hematomas and extension of the subdural hematoma to the cerebellopontine angle is rarely seen and the concurrent development of acute peripheral facial palsy and the management strategy have not previously been reported in this pathology because of its rarity. We present this case to emphasize that minor head trauma may lead to a posterior cranial fossa hematoma extending to the cerebellopontine angle and cause peripheral facial palsy in patients using aspirin...

Gulsen, Salih; Sonmez, Erkin; Yilmaz, Cem; Altinors, Nur

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma contralateral to an arachnoid cyst / Hematoma subdural agudo espontâneo contralateral a cisto aracnóideo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os cistos aracnóideos (CA) são coleções liquóricas extra-cerebrais e intra-aracnóideas de origem desconhecida. Correspondem a 1% de todas as lesões expansivas intracranianas não traumáticas e têm nítido predomínio na fossa média (50%). Até 25% destes cistos são achados incidentais sendo que a maiori [...] a dos pacientes é assintomática. Crises epilépticas, sinais de hipertensão intracraniana, déficits neurológicos focais, macrocrania, atraso no desenvolvimento e abaulamento da calota craniana são os principais sinais e sintomas da lesão. A ruptura dos CA, assim como seu sangramento, são situações raras, geralmente associadas a traumas e acometem adultos jovens. O risco de hemorragia em pacientes com CA não excede 0,04% ao ano. É descrito caso de paciente de dez anos de idade que subitamente apresentou sinais de hipertensão intracraniana secundários a hematoma subdural agudo espontâneo, contralateral a volumoso CA de fossa média. Três fatores foram de relevância neste paciente: a ocorrência de sinais e sintomas espontaneamente, especialmente em um menino; presença de hematoma subdural agudo exclusivamente contralateral ao CA; e a boa evolução com o tratamento conservador. Abstract in english Arachnoid cysts (AC) are extra-cerebral cerebrospinal fluid collections of unknown origin. They correspond to 1% of all intracranial nontraumatic space-occupying lesions and appear more frequently in the middle fossa (50%). More than 25% of these cysts are incidental findings and the majority of pat [...] ients are asymptomatic. Seizures, intracranial hypertension signs, neurological deficits, macrocrania, developmental delay and bulging of the skull are the main signs and symptoms of the lesion. AC rupture and bleeding are rare, usually occurring in young adults and associated with trauma. The risk of hemorrhage does not exceed 0.04% / year. We describe the case of a ten-year-old boy who presented with acute signs of intracranial hypertension secondary to a spontaneous acute subdural hematoma, contralateral to an AC of the middle fossa. Three factors were significant in this case: signs and symptoms occurred spontaneously; the presence of an acute subdural hematoma exclusively contralateral to the AC; successful outcome of the conservative treatment.

José Gilberto de Brito, Henriques; Geraldo, Pianetti Filho; Karina Santos Wandeck, Henriques; Luiz Fernando, Fonseca; Renato Pacheco de, Melo; Márcia Cristina da, Silva; José Augusto, Malheiros.

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Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma contralateral to an arachnoid cyst Hematoma subdural agudo espontâneo contralateral a cisto aracnóideo  

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Full Text Available Arachnoid cysts (AC are extra-cerebral cerebrospinal fluid collections of unknown origin. They correspond to 1% of all intracranial nontraumatic space-occupying lesions and appear more frequently in the middle fossa (50%. More than 25% of these cysts are incidental findings and the majority of patients are asymptomatic. Seizures, intracranial hypertension signs, neurological deficits, macrocrania, developmental delay and bulging of the skull are the main signs and symptoms of the lesion. AC rupture and bleeding are rare, usually occurring in young adults and associated with trauma. The risk of hemorrhage does not exceed 0.04% / year. We describe the case of a ten-year-old boy who presented with acute signs of intracranial hypertension secondary to a spontaneous acute subdural hematoma, contralateral to an AC of the middle fossa. Three factors were significant in this case: signs and symptoms occurred spontaneously; the presence of an acute subdural hematoma exclusively contralateral to the AC; successful outcome of the conservative treatment.Os cistos aracnóideos (CA são coleções liquóricas extra-cerebrais e intra-aracnóideas de origem desconhecida. Correspondem a 1% de todas as lesões expansivas intracranianas não traumáticas e têm nítido predomínio na fossa média (50%. Até 25% destes cistos são achados incidentais sendo que a maioria dos pacientes é assintomática. Crises epilépticas, sinais de hipertensão intracraniana, déficits neurológicos focais, macrocrania, atraso no desenvolvimento e abaulamento da calota craniana são os principais sinais e sintomas da lesão. A ruptura dos CA, assim como seu sangramento, são situações raras, geralmente associadas a traumas e acometem adultos jovens. O risco de hemorragia em pacientes com CA não excede 0,04% ao ano. É descrito caso de paciente de dez anos de idade que subitamente apresentou sinais de hipertensão intracraniana secundários a hematoma subdural agudo espontâneo, contralateral a volumoso CA de fossa média. Três fatores foram de relevância neste paciente: a ocorrência de sinais e sintomas espontaneamente, especialmente em um menino; presença de hematoma subdural agudo exclusivamente contralateral ao CA; e a boa evolução com o tratamento conservador.

José Gilberto de Brito Henriques

2007-12-01

103

Subdural hematoma caused by epithelioid angiosarcoma originating from the skull.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cancers metastatic to the skull or dura may cause subdural hematoma (SDH). However, the frequency is low, and the presence of underlying cancers has almost always been known in such situations. We report a case of skull angiosarcoma manifesting as SDH, posing a diagnostic challenge to physicians. A 75-year-old man visited our clinic with sensorimotor disturbance of gradual onset approximately 1 month after a minor head trauma. He was diagnosed with SDH after imaging studies, and underwent surgery to evacuate the hematoma. Because the hematoma was organized, surgery was switched from burr-hole drainage to craniotomy. The bone flap as well as the dura over the hematoma had grossly normal appearance, and only the hematoma itself was submitted for histological examination. Although postoperative recovery was uneventful, the patient experienced recurrence of the SDH 2 months after surgery. At the second surgery, the bone flap and dura were intermingled with tumor tissue, and histological examination revealed that an epithelioid angiosarcoma originating from the skull was responsible for the SDH. Timely diagnosis of angiosarcoma manifesting as SDH is difficult because of its rarity. In retrospect, however, the diagnosis might have been established earlier if the bone flap and/or the dura had been biopsied at the time of the first surgery. The present case gives us a lesson that SDH may be an unusual manifestation of malignant tumors of skull or dural origin, and histological examination of not only hematoma capsule but also of the surrounding tissues may provide important diagnostic clues. PMID:22843419

Yamada, Yasuhiro; Inamasu, Joji; Moriya, Shigeta; Oguri, Daikichi; Hasegawa, Mitsuhiro; Abe, Masato; Hirose, Yuichi

2013-06-01

104

Hematoma subdural intracraniano: uma rara complicação após raquianestesia: relato de caso / Intracranial subdural hematoma: a rare complication following spinal anesthesia: case report / Hematoma subdural intracraneal: una rara complicación después de la raquianestesia: relato de caso  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O hematoma subdural intracraniano é uma complicação rara após raquianestesia. O diagnóstico é muitas vezes difícil porque os sintomas iniciais são os mesmos da cefaleia pós-punção da dura-máter. O objetivo é relatar o caso de um hematoma subdural diag nosticado precocement [...] e, após uma raquianestesia realizada com agulha de calibre fino e punção única. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente de 48 anos, ASA I, submetida a raquianestesia para cirurgia de correção de incontinência urinária. Foi realizada a raquianestesia com agulha 27G Quincke e punção única. A cirurgia foi sem intercorrências, e a paciente recebeu alta hospitalar. Após 48 horas da punção raquidiana, a paciente relatou cefaleia de início súbito, de forte intensidade, acometendo principalmente a região orbitária, mas também a região temporal, com melhora importante no decúbito dorsal e acompanhada de dois episódios de vômitos. Foi solicitada tomografia de crânio que revelou a presença de um hematoma subdural agudo frontotemporoparietal esquerdo. Foi indicado tratamento conservador com analgésicos, dexametasoma e hidantoína. Após 17 dias, apresentou quadro de cefaleia intensa, acompanhada de dormência e paresia do membro superior direito, e distúrbio da fala e comportamento. O hematoma foi drenado cirurgicamente. A paciente evoluiu bem sem sequelas. CONCLUSÕES: A cefaleia é a complicação mais frequente após raquianestesia e é considerada de evolução benigna. Faz com que diagnósticos potencialmente fatais, como o hematoma subdural, não sejam feitos em muitos casos, ou sejam tardios. Este caso descreve uma ocorrência rara, um hematoma subdural agudo após uma raquianestesia com agulha fina em uma paciente sem fatores de risco para sangramento Abstract in spanish JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: El hematoma subdural intracraneal es una complicación rara posterior a la raquianestesia. El diagnóstico es en muchas ocasiones difícil, porque los síntomas iniciales son los mismos de la cefalea postpunción de la duramadre. El objetivo de este estudio, es relatar el caso [...] de un hematoma subdural diagnosticado rápidamente, y posterior a una raquianestesia realizada con una aguja de calibre fino y punción única. RELATO DEL CASO: Paciente de 48 años, ASA I, sometida a la raquianestesia para la cirugía de corrección de incontinencia urinaria. Fue realizada la raquianestesia con una aguja 27G Quincke y una punción única. La cirugía transcurrió sin problemas, y la paciente recibió alta. Después de 48 horas de efectuada la punción raquídea, la paciente relató cefalea de inicio súbito, de fuerte intensidad, afectando principalmente la región orbitaria, pero también la región temporal, con una mejoría importante en el decúbito dorsal, y acompañada de dos episodios de vómitos. Se le solicitó la tomografía de cráneo que arrojó un hematoma subdural agudo frontotemporoparietal izquierdo. Fue indicado un tratamiento conservador con analgésicos, dexametasoma e hidantoína. Después de 17 días, debutó con un cuadro de cefalea intensa, seguida de adormecimiento y paresia del miembro superior derecho, y un disturbio del habla y del comportamiento. El hematoma fue drenado quirúrgicamente. La paciente evolucionó bien y sin secuelas. CONCLUSIONES: La cefalea es la complicación más frecuente después de la raquianestesia y se le considera de evolución benigna. Ella logra que diagnósticos potencialmente fatales, como el hematoma subdural, se eviten en muchos casos o se hagan más tarde. Este caso describe una aparición rara, un hematoma subdural agudo posterior a una raquianestesia con una aguja fina en una paciente sin factores de riesgo para el sangramiento Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intracranial subdural hematoma is a rare complication following spinal anesthesia. The diagnosis is usually difficult because initial symptoms are the same of post-dural puncture headache. The objecti

Flora Margarida Barra, Bisinotto; Roberto Alexandre, Dezena; Daniel Capucci, Fabri; Tania Mara Vilela, Abud; Livia Helena, Canno.

105

Arachnoid cysts with subdural hematoma or intracystic hemorrhage in children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Arachnoid cyst (AC) is a common congenital intracranial lesion in children. It may be complicated by subdural hematoma (SDH) and intracystic hemorrhage (ICH) to cause intracranial hypertension after minor head injury or spontaneously. However, because most bleeding after trauma is delayed, it is often overlooked. At the same time, it remains controversial for treatment of ACs complicated with SDH and ICH. So far, it lacks review, especially for pediatric patients who have ACs with SDH or ICH. Here, we report 3 pediatric cases in our department from 2010 to 2011. At the same time, we review 41 pediatric patients reported in the last 20 years. We conclude that a child with AC should be regularly followed up after minor head injury, and that therapy for children with complicated ACs should be more aggressive than for adults. The cyst wall should be resected, and communication between cyst and cerebral cistern should be established. PMID:24786991

Liu, Zhiyong; Xu, Peng; Li, Qiang; Liu, Hao; Chen, Ni; Xu, Jianguo

2014-05-01

106

Scintigraphic demonstration of intracranial communication between arachnoid cyst and associated subdural hematoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An arachnoid cyst found to have a communication to an associated subdural hematoma was demonstrated with the Tc-99m DTPA brain scintigraphy. Although arachnoid cysts are known to be silent, when a patient with an arachnoid cyst develops signs of increased intracranial pressure or neurological deficits, the presence of a complication, including subdural hematoma, intracystic hemorrhage or subdural hygroma, is highly suspected. In the present case, the patient with an arachnoid cyst had a subdural hematoma following minor head injury. Tc-99m DTPA brain scintigraphy showed abnormal accumulation of the tracer not only in the hematoma but in the arachnoid cyst. This observation suggested communication of the two lesions, which was confirmed at surgery.

Yokoyama, K.; Tonami, N.; Kimura, M.; Kinoshita, A.; Aburano, T.; Hisada, K.

1989-05-01

107

Scintigraphic demonstration of intracranial communication between arachnoid cyst and associated subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An arachnoid cyst found to have a communication to an associated subdural hematoma was demonstrated with the Tc-99m DTPA brain scintigraphy. Although arachnoid cysts are known to be silent, when a patient with an arachnoid cyst develops signs of increased intracranial pressure or neurological deficits, the presence of a complication, including subdural hematoma, intracystic hemorrhage or subdural hygroma, is highly suspected. In the present case, the patient with an arachnoid cyst had a subdural hematoma following minor head injury. Tc-99m DTPA brain scintigraphy showed abnormal accumulation of the tracer not only in the hematoma but in the arachnoid cyst. This observation suggested communication of the two lesions, which was confirmed at surgery

108

Middle fossa arachnoid cyst with temporal lobe agenesis accompanying isodense subdural hematoma -a case report-  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Cysts overlying the temporal lobes have been well described in literature. These are often associated with agenesis of the temporal lobes, and of major neurosurgical interest due to their frequent association with subdural hematoma, a combination that is rarely seen with cysts in other regions. Full features of plain, angiographic, and CT findings of arachnoid cyst with temporal lobe agenesis accompanying isodense subdural hematoma are presented, being very rare in radiologic literature.

Lee, Kyung Soo; Choi, Hyung Sik; Kim, Myung Joon; Yang, Seoung Oh; Kim, Chang Jin [Capital Armed Forces General Hospital, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of)

1987-12-15

109

Middle fossa arachnoid cyst with temporal lobe agenesis accompanying isodense subdural hematoma -a case report-  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cysts overlying the temporal lobes have been well described in literature. These are often associated with agenesis of the temporal lobes, and of major neurosurgical interest due to their frequent association with subdural hematoma, a combination that is rarely seen with cysts in other regions. Full features of plain, angiographic, and CT findings of arachnoid cyst with temporal lobe agenesis accompanying isodense subdural hematoma are presented, being very rare in radiologic literature

110

Spinal subdural hematoma following cranial surgery: A case report and review of the literature  

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Full Text Available Spinal subdural hematoma (SDH following a cranial surgery is extremely rare. We described a 26-year-old patient who developed an SDH at L3-S1 level after the excision of intraventricular meningioma. He was surgically treated with an excellent outcome. It is postulated that the SDH resulted from downward migration of intracranial hematoma.

Liu Jinping

2011-01-01

111

Acute tentorial subdural hematoma as a false-positive in indium-111 leukocyte scintigraphy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of acute tentorial subdural hematoma detected by In-111 leukocyte scintigraphy and confirmed by CT brain scan is herein described. White blood cells are an integral part of the blood pool and labeled white cells freely leave the intravascular space in case of active bleeding. Acute hemorrhage and hematoma can thus be a cause of a false-positive study

112

Non-surgical management of intracranial subdural hematoma complicating spinal anesthesia / Manejo no quirúrgico de hematoma subdural intracraneal tras anestesia espinal complicada  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish El hematoma subdural (SDH) es una complicación evolutiva rara, documentada y de riesgo vital en los cuadros de cefalea post punción subdural (PDPH). Presentamos un caso de esta rara complicación resuelto con un parche de sangre autóloga epidural y tratamiento conservador, sin precisar evacuación qui [...] rúrgica. Abstract in english We report the case of a 29 year-old woman who presented a symptomatic intracranial subdural hematoma developing shortly after spinal anesthesia. The patient was fully conscious at clinical onset, and thus we treated her conservatively with an epidural autologous blood patch and close neurological ob [...] servation. Given the clinical improvement the possibility of surgery was discauded in agreement with the neurosurgical team. Most cases of subdural hematoma appearing after spinal anesthesia are treated with surgery. In the present case the subdural hemorrhage was detected at our hospital 20 days after the anesthetic procedure, and given the excellent state of consciousness, we choosed a conservative management.

M.T., Verdú; J.F., Martínez-Lage; B., Alonso; J.L., Sánchez-Ortega; A., Garcia-Candel.

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[Intracranial hypovolemic syndrome with subdural hygroma developed massive hematoma: timing of treatment and histology of dural hypertrophy].  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of a 43-year-old man treated by craniotomy for chronical subdural hematoma (CSH) due to spontaneous intracranial hypovolemia. The patient complained of sudden onset severe headache. Initial CT scan showed normal brain structure, and his headache improved with bed rest in a few days. However, MR images obtained for vertigo one month later demonstrated bilateral subdural hygroma extending to the supracerebellar space and diffuse dural enhancement after gadolinium infusion. We diagnosed bilateral subdural hygroma due to spontaneous intracranial hypovolemia, and observed him conservatively. Four months after onset, he complained of severe headache again and MR images revealed enlargement of bilateral CSH with mass effect, which had heterogenous intensity on the right convexity. We evacuated hematoma on the right by craniotomy and aspirated the left side hematoma using a burr hole. His headache improved 2 weeks after the operation with strict bed rest. The follow-up MR images showed disappearance of abnormal meningeal enhancement and improvement of brain sagging. PMID:15605697

Nakamizo, Satoshi; Miyake, Shigeru; Fujita, Atsushi; Kondoh, Takeshi; Kohmura, Eiji

2004-12-01

114

An unexplained organized subdural hematoma requiring craniotomy in a term infant: Diagnostic dilemma in physical child abuse  

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Full Text Available Subdural hematomas are uncommon in term infants. Here we report a case of organized subdural hematoma in a twenty days old term baby boy, who was admitted because of seizures. Organized subdural hematoma presented as a space-occupying lesion over the cerebral convexity of this infant. There was no definite history of trauma and the findings of physical and laboratory examinations were unremarkable.Discussing this case, the diagnostic priority in a term infant presenting with subdural hemorrhage was reviewed for physical child abuse, which has been a medical and social issue in many developed countries and has recently become an issue in Turkey.

Volkan ETUS

2003-03-01

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Hematoma subdural após punção inadvertida da dura-máter: relato de caso / Subdural hematoma after inadvertent dura mater puncture: case report / Hematoma subdural después de la punción inadvertida de la duramadre: relato de caso  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter é complicação bastante conhecida das anestesias subaracnóidea e peridural, e o tratamento mais difundido é o tampão sangüíneo. O tampão sangüíneo alivia totalmente a cefaléia na grande maioria dos pacientes, e nos demais não há melhora o [...] u, apenas, melhora parcial. Nesses casos, é prudente buscar diagnósticos diferenciais, como o hematoma subdural ou pneumoencéfalo. Os métodos de imagem são extremamente úteis nessas situações. O objetivo deste relato foi apresentar o caso de um paciente que desenvolveu hematoma subdural intracraniano após punção inadvertida da dura-máter em anestesia peridural. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo masculino, 47 anos, 147 kg, 1,90 m, estado físico ASA II, foi admitido para realização de dermolipectomia abdominal, após ter-se submetido à gastroplastia redutora. Durante anestesia peridural, houve perfuração acidental da dura-máter. O paciente evoluiu com sintomas de cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter que foram tratados com tampão sangüíneo, com melhora parcial. Houve, posteriormente, piora da cefaléia, e a ressonância nuclear magnética de encéfalo mostrou hematoma subdural intracraniano, que foi tratado clinicamente. Houve melhora progressiva, com recuperação total após 30 dias. CONCLUSÕES: A ocorrência de hematoma subdural é complicação rara, mas grave da perfuração de dura-máter. O diagnóstico é difícil e deve ser sempre cogitado quando a cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter não se resolve com o tampão sangüíneo ou piora com sua realização. No esclarecimento diagnóstico é fundamental o auxílio de um método de imagem. Abstract in spanish JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: La cefalea pos punción de la duramadre es una complicación bastante conocida de las anestesias subaracnoidea y epidural, siendo que el tratamiento más difundido es el tapón sanguíneo. El tapón sanguíneo alivia totalmente la cefalea en la gran mayoría de los pacientes, y en [...] los demás no hay mejorías o apenas se ve una mejoría parcial. En esos casos, es prudente buscar diagnósticos diferenciales, como el hematoma subdural o neumoencéfalo. Los métodos de imagen son extremadamente útiles en esas situaciones. El objetivo de este relato fue el de presentar el caso de un paciente que debutó con hematoma subdural intracraneal después de la punción inadvertida de la duramadre en anestesia epidural. RELATO DEL CASO: Paciente del sexo masculino, 47 años, 147 kg, 1,90 m, estado físico ASA II, fue admitido para la realización de dermolipectomía abdominal, después de haberse sometido a la gastroplastía reductora. Durante la anestesia epidural, hubo perforación accidental de la duramadre. El paciente evolucionó con síntomas de cefalea pospunción de la duramadre que fueron tratados con tapón sanguíneo, obteniéndose una mejora parcial. Hubo posteriormente, un empeoramiento de la cefalea y la resonancia nuclear magnética de encéfalo mostró un hematoma subdural intracraneal, que se trató clínicamente. Hubo una mejoría progresiva, con recuperación total después de 30 días. CONCLUSIONES: La aparición de hematoma subdural es una complicación rara, pero grave de la perforación de la duramadre. El diagnóstico es difícil y debe ser siempre pensado, cuando la cefalea pospunción de la duramadre no se resuelva con el tapón sanguíneo o tampoco se resuelva su empeoramiento. En la aclaración del diagnóstico es fundamental la ayuda de un método de imagen. Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Post-dural puncture headache is a well-known complication of epidural and subarachnoid blockades and the blood patch is the treatment used more often. In most patients, the blood patch relieves the headache completely, but for the remaining there is no improvement or only [...] partial relief of the symptom. In those cases, it is prudent to look for other differential diagnosis, such as subd

Wallace Lage, Duarte; Fabiano de Souza, Araújo; Marcelo Figueiredo, Almeida; Débora Grimberg, Geber; Carlos Henrique Viana de, Castro.

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Recovery after delayed surgery in a case of spinal subdural hematoma.  

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Spinal chronic subdural hematoma (SCSH) is a rare pathology usually associated with trauma or hematological alterations or is due to iatrogenic causes; rarely SCSH can be spontaneous. We report a case of a 79-year-old female who underwent a surgical evacuation of a spontaneous SCSH one year after diagnosis. She presented with a severe paraparesis and showed a considerable improvement in sensory-motor performances after surgery. The treatment of spontaneous SCSH is not well defined and universally accepted. Early surgery is mandatory in cases presenting with severe deficits. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case showing a good outcome in a case of SCSH following a delayed surgery. In our opinion, an aggressive approach should be considered as a viable option in cases of spontaneous SCSH even after a lasting spinal cord compression. PMID:23365771

Panciani, Pier Paolo; Cornali, Claudio; Agnoletti, Alessandro; Esposito, Giacomo; Ronchetti, Gabriele; Fontanella, Marco

2013-01-01

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Re-estimation of acute subdural hematoma in children caused by trivial household head trauma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to identify characteristics of acute subdural hematoma in children caused by a trivial household head trauma from a modem neurosurgical and medicolegal standpoint. We performed a retrospective study of 25 children younger than 48 months hospitalized for acute subdural hematoma from December 1, 1993, through February 28, 2003. Inclusion criteria were as follows: acute subdural hematoma caused by trivial household trauma and a history of trauma corroborated by a caretaker, absence of physical injuries consistent with child abuse, fundoscopic examinations performed by a pediatric ophthalmologist, absence of fractures on general bone survey, and child abuse ruled out by long-term follow-up (more than 5 years). Twenty-one of the patients were boys, and 4 were girls. The patients ranged in age from 6 to 17 months, with an average age of 8.5 months. In 17 of 25 patients trauma had been caused by falls to the floor while standing with support or while sitting. Most of the patients were admitted to the hospital because of generalized convulsions or seizures that had developed soon after a trivial household trauma. Fifteen of the 25 (60%) patients had retinal or preretinal hemorrhage and 9 patients had bilateral retinal hemorrhage. Computed tomography showed fluid-type acute subdural hematomas at the frontal convexity or in the interhemispheric fissure in 18 of 25 (72%) patients. Fourteen of 25 (56%) patients had pre-existing external hydrocephalus (enlargements of the subarachnoid space). The long-term outcomes included normal mental development (IQ?80) in 18 cases, mild mental retardation (IQ<80) in 7 cases, and epilepsy in 3 cases. Acute subdural hematoma in children caused by trivial household trauma is a clinical entity distinct from acute subdural hematoma caused by child abuse or shaken-baby syndrome. (author)

118

HEMATOMA SUBDURAL EN PACIENTE CON LEUCEMIA MIELODE CRONICA: REPORTE DE CASO  

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Full Text Available El hematoma subdural cronico se define como una colección sanguíneo fibrinoide en el espacio existente entre las meninges duramadre y aracnoides, debido a traumas, infecciones (empiema y meningitis, coagulopatías u otras causas. En este se puede precisar durante la intervención quirúrgica la presencia de cápsula o membranas. Entre las diversas causas de hematoma subdural crónico se encuentra la leucemia mieloide crónica que es un síndrome mieloproliferativo, donde se ve una acentuada proliferación de glóbulos blancos de la serie granulocítica, que infiltran la sangre, médula ósea, cerebro entre otros tejidos. Presentamos brevemente un caso de esta interesante y no infrecuente asociación.

Carlos Fernando Lozano-Tangua

2009-01-01

119

Decompression hyperostosis: cranial hyperostosis mimicking bilateral subdural hematoma on brain scintigraphy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Scintigraphic findings suggestive of bilateral subdural hematoma developed after successful decompression of communicating hydrocephalus. These findings were secondary to cranial hyperostosis. The similarity of brain scintigraphic findings in the two disorders is pointed out, and the necessity of correlating brain scintigraphs with skull radiographs is stressed. (U.S.)

120

Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma as an initial presentation of choriocarcinoma: A case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Diverse sequelae of central nervous system metastasis of choriocarcinoma have been reported, including infarction, intra or extra axial hemorrhages, aneurysm formation and carotid-cavernous fistula. Here we report a case of subdural hematoma as the first presentation of choriocarcinoma. Case presentation The patient is a 34-year-old woman whose initial presentation of widely metastatic choriocarcinoma was an acute subdural hematoma, requiring decompressive craniectomy. Histopathologic examination of the tissue showed no evidence of choriocarcinoma, but the patient was found to have diffuse metastatic disease and cerebrospinal fluid indices highly suggestive of intracranial metastasis. Conclusion Choriocarcinoma frequently metastasizes intracranially. We review the diverse possible manifestations of this process. In addition, the cerebrospinal fluid:serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin ratio is an important factor in diagnosing these cases. Finally, the role of the neurosurgeon is discussed.

Rocque Brandon G

2008-06-01

 
 
 
 
121

Temporal fossa arachnoid cyst presenting with bilateral subdural hematoma following trauma: two case reports  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Intracranial arachnoid cysts are considered to be congenital malformations with a predilection for the temporal fossa. They are often asymptomatic but can sometimes be symptomatic due to enlargement or hemorrhage. There are multiple case reports of arachnoid cysts becoming symptomatic with hemorrhagic complications following head trauma. In such cases, the bleeding is often confined to the side ipsilateral to the arachnoid cyst. Occurrence of contralateral subdural hematomas in patients with temporal fossa arachnoid cysts has rarely been observed and is reported less frequently in the medical literature. Case presentation We report two cases of people (a 23-year-old man and a 41-year-old man with temporal fossa arachnoid cysts complicated by a subdural hematoma following head injury. Both patients developed a subdural hematoma contralateral to the side of a temporal fossa arachnoid cyst. It is likely that lack of adequate intracranial cushioning in the presence of an intracranial arachnoid cyst may result in injury not only to ipsilateral but also to contralateral bridging veins, following head trauma. Conclusion It is important to identify and report such rare complications with intracranial arachnoid cysts, so that asymptomatic patients with an intracranial arachnoid cyst can be counseled about such possibilities following head trauma.

Pillai Promod

2009-02-01

122

Diagnóstico angiográfico dos hematomas subdurais: valor da fase venosa em incidência sagital / Angiographic diagnosis of subdural hematoma: value of the venous phase in saggital incidence  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Êste trabalho tem por fim demonstrar o valor da fase venosa em incidência sagital no diagnóstico angiográfico dos hematomas subdurais. Êle é baseado em 8 casos verificados cirürgicamente, dois dos quais com hematoma bilateral, compreendendo um total de 10 hematomas subdurals demonstrados pela angiog [...] rafia cerebral. Em 9 exemplares a elipse avascular que caracteriza essa entidade nosológica só apareceu na fase venosa; sòmente em um caso êsse sinal patognomônico foi claramente revelado na fase arterial em incidência ântero-posterior. O arteriograma mostra, apenas, às mais das vêzes, deslocamento da artéria cerebral anterior e seus ramos para o lado oposto àquele em que se encontra o hematoma, como acontece nos casos de lesões expansivas em geral. Menos freqüentemente os principais troncos arteriais do encéfalo não sofrem modificações no seu trajeto, apesar do espaço intracraniano ocupado pelos hematomas. A existência de hematoma subdural no interior de um hemicrânio sem desvio da artéria cerebral anterior, embora não implique necessàriamente na existência de outra coleção sangüínea do lado oposto, é altamente sugestiva dessa dupla lesão. A exploração bilateral nesses casos é, portanto, obrigatória. Dos três casos desta série em que a angiografia em um dos lados revelou a elipse avascular característica e artéria cerebral anterior com trajeto normal, a angiografia do lado oposto resultou positiva em dois dêles e negativa em um. Pôsto que alguns Serviços especializados não sejam dotados de equipamento para angiografia em séries, o autor recomenda o flebograma em incidência sagital como tempo obrigatório, mesmo que para tanto seja necessária nova injeção de contraste. Abstract in english This repport aims to demonstrate the value of the venous phase, in sagittal incidence, for the angiographic diagnosis of subdural hematoma. It is based on eight such cases, all of them with surgical confirmation. Six of the patients had unilateral hematomas and the remaining two had bilateral blood [...] collections. Ten subdural hematomas were, then, diagnosed by means of cerebral angiography. In only one instance the elliptical non vascularized area which constitutes the pathognomonic sign of the above referred nosological entity could be seen, under frontal projection, right in the arterial phase. In the other cases the specific diagnosis of subdural hematoma would not be achieved if the venous phase had not been taken in account. The arterial displacement seen in most cases of subdural hematoma gives no help for specific diagnosis; such a displacement may occur in any case of space-occupying lesion. Besides, existence of subdural hematomas with no arterial dislocation, is a known condition, mainly in that cases of bilateral subdural blood collections. On the other hand a single, unilateral hematoma with no shifting of the anterior cerebral artery to the opposite side is also suitable. In the last three cases of this series, there was no significant displacement of the anterior cerebral artery; the venous phase, in antero-posterior incidence, and further surgical exploration, showed the hematomas to be bilateral in two; in the third of these cases the anterior cerebral artery had a normal course, in spite of the space taken by a single hematoma. Thus, if the venous phase shows the characteristic picture of subdural hematoma - avascular area - with no displacement in the arterial phase, it does not mean necessarily that the hematoma is bilateral. Nevertheless angiography on opposite side must always be done. Since in angiographic diagnosis of subdural hematoma the accuracy of the venous phase, in sagittal projection seems to be proven, we think that the above mentioned step of the examination has to be done even if, in order to achieve it, a new injection of contrast may be required.

José, Zaclis; Rolando A., Tenuto.

1955-12-01

123

Diagnóstico angiográfico dos hematomas subdurais: valor da fase venosa em incidência sagital / Angiographic diagnosis of subdural hematoma: value of the venous phase in saggital incidence  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Êste trabalho tem por fim demonstrar o valor da fase venosa em incidência sagital no diagnóstico angiográfico dos hematomas subdurais. Êle é baseado em 8 casos verificados cirürgicamente, dois dos quais com hematoma bilateral, compreendendo um total de 10 hematomas subdurals demonstrados pela angiog [...] rafia cerebral. Em 9 exemplares a elipse avascular que caracteriza essa entidade nosológica só apareceu na fase venosa; sòmente em um caso êsse sinal patognomônico foi claramente revelado na fase arterial em incidência ântero-posterior. O arteriograma mostra, apenas, às mais das vêzes, deslocamento da artéria cerebral anterior e seus ramos para o lado oposto àquele em que se encontra o hematoma, como acontece nos casos de lesões expansivas em geral. Menos freqüentemente os principais troncos arteriais do encéfalo não sofrem modificações no seu trajeto, apesar do espaço intracraniano ocupado pelos hematomas. A existência de hematoma subdural no interior de um hemicrânio sem desvio da artéria cerebral anterior, embora não implique necessàriamente na existência de outra coleção sangüínea do lado oposto, é altamente sugestiva dessa dupla lesão. A exploração bilateral nesses casos é, portanto, obrigatória. Dos três casos desta série em que a angiografia em um dos lados revelou a elipse avascular característica e artéria cerebral anterior com trajeto normal, a angiografia do lado oposto resultou positiva em dois dêles e negativa em um. Pôsto que alguns Serviços especializados não sejam dotados de equipamento para angiografia em séries, o autor recomenda o flebograma em incidência sagital como tempo obrigatório, mesmo que para tanto seja necessária nova injeção de contraste. Abstract in english This repport aims to demonstrate the value of the venous phase, in sagittal incidence, for the angiographic diagnosis of subdural hematoma. It is based on eight such cases, all of them with surgical confirmation. Six of the patients had unilateral hematomas and the remaining two had bilateral blood [...] collections. Ten subdural hematomas were, then, diagnosed by means of cerebral angiography. In only one instance the elliptical non vascularized area which constitutes the pathognomonic sign of the above referred nosological entity could be seen, under frontal projection, right in the arterial phase. In the other cases the specific diagnosis of subdural hematoma would not be achieved if the venous phase had not been taken in account. The arterial displacement seen in most cases of subdural hematoma gives no help for specific diagnosis; such a displacement may occur in any case of space-occupying lesion. Besides, existence of subdural hematomas with no arterial dislocation, is a known condition, mainly in that cases of bilateral subdural blood collections. On the other hand a single, unilateral hematoma with no shifting of the anterior cerebral artery to the opposite side is also suitable. In the last three cases of this series, there was no significant displacement of the anterior cerebral artery; the venous phase, in antero-posterior incidence, and further surgical exploration, showed the hematomas to be bilateral in two; in the third of these cases the anterior cerebral artery had a normal course, in spite of the space taken by a single hematoma. Thus, if the venous phase shows the characteristic picture of subdural hematoma - avascular area - with no displacement in the arterial phase, it does not mean necessarily that the hematoma is bilateral. Nevertheless angiography on opposite side must always be done. Since in angiographic diagnosis of subdural hematoma the accuracy of the venous phase, in sagittal projection seems to be proven, we think that the above mentioned step of the examination has to be done even if, in order to achieve it, a new injection of contrast may be required.

José, Zaclis; Rolando A., Tenuto.

124

Concurrent Intracranial and Spinal Subdural Hematoma in a Teenage Athlete: A Case Report of This Rare Entity  

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A 15-year-old male high school football player presented with episodes of headache and complete body stiffness, especially in the arms, lower back, and thighs, immediately following a football game. This was accompanied by severe nausea and vomiting for several days. Viral meningitis was suspected by the primary clinician, and treatment with corticosteroids was initiated. Over the next several weeks, there was gradual symptom improvement and the patient returned to his baseline clinical status. The patient experienced a severe recurrence of the previous myriad of symptoms following a subsequent football game, without an obvious isolated traumatic episode. In addition, he experienced a new left sided headache, fatigue, and difficulty ambulating. He was admitted and an extensive workup was performed. CT and MRI of the head revealed concurrent intracranial and spinal subdural hematomas (SDH). Clinical workup did not reveal any evidence of coagulopathy or predisposing vascular lesions. Spinal SDH is an uncommon condition whose concurrence with intracranial SDH is an even greater clinical rarity. We suggest that our case represents an acute on chronic intracranial SDH with rebleeding, membrane rupture, and symptomatic redistribution of hematoma to the spinal subdural space. PMID:25349764

Treister, Daniel S.; Kingston, Sara E.; Zada, Gabriel; Singh, Manu; Jones, Jesse G. A.; Mills, Jena N.; Lerner, Alexander; Boyko, Orest B.; Law, Meng; Rajamohan, Anandh; Shiroishi, Mark S.

2014-01-01

125

Hematoma subdural de medula espinhal associada ao uso de anticoagulante oral / Spine subdural hematoma: a rare complication associated with vitamin K antagonist (VKA) / Hematoma subdural de la médula espinal asociado al uso de anticoagulante oral  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O hematoma subdural de medula espinhal (HSDME) é uma complicação rara decorrente do uso de antagonistas de vitamina K (AVK) e de diagnostico difícil. Este artigo apresenta um caso com complicação ameaçadora à vida: um paciente octogenário portador de fibrilação atrial de início recente em uso de AVK [...] . A história e o exame físico inicialmente se apresentavam normais, associados com a elevação dos valores de coagulograma supraterapêuticos (INR > 10). Após 24 horas da admissão hospitalar, o paciente apresentou tetraparesia progressiva, evidenciando na ressonância nuclear magnética (RNM) de medula espinhal um HSDME (Figura 1). Após reversão completa da hipocoagulação e intervenção neurocirúrgica o paciente obteve melhora do quadro neurológico. Abstract in spanish El hematoma subdural espinal (HSE) es una complicación rara proveniente del uso de antagonistas de vitamina K (AVK) y de diagnostico difícil. Este artículo presenta un caso con complicación amenazadora para la vida: un paciente octogenario portador de fibrilación auricular de inicio reciente, en uso [...] de AVK. Inicialmente, la historia y el examen físico se presentaban normales, asociados a la elevación de los valores de coagulograma supra terapéuticos (INR > 10). Tras 24 horas del ingreso hospitalario, el paciente presentó tetraparesia progresiva. Al realizarse una resonancia nuclear magnética (RNM) de médula espinal, se evidenció un HSE (Figura 1). Tras reversión completa de la hipocoagulación e intervención neuroquirúrgica el paciente obtuvo mejora del cuadro neurológico. Abstract in english Spinal subdural hematoma (SSDH) is a rare condition, which is difficult to diagnose, related to Vitamin K Antagonist. This a case report of a life-threatening situation in a octogenarian patient with a history of recent atrial fibrillation that received K-Vitamin Antagonist (KVA) therapy. The histor [...] y and the clinical assessment were normal at the admission, associated with increase in the coagulation parameters (INR >10). Twenty-four hours after the admission, the patient developed progressive tetraparesis and a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) was performed, disclosing the evidence of a SSDH (Figure 1). An emergency neurosurgical intervention was performed associated with normalization of the coagulation parameters. After the procedure, the patient presented improvement of the neurological symptoms.

Uri Adrian Prync, Flato; Paulo Sérgio, Rheder; Helio Penna, Guimarães; Elias Silva, Flato; Paulo, Cretella.

126

Acute Interhemispheric Subdural Hematomas: A Report of 3 Cases and Review of the Literature  

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Full Text Available The development of acute supratentorial interhemispheric subdural hematomas is an uncommon yet a highly distinct event because of their unusual location, unknown natural history, and debated management. The majority develop in patients with head trauma, generalized bleeding tendency, or coagulopathy. We report on 3 patients who developed spontaneous acute inter-hemispheric subdural hematomas. They were 72, 66, and 65 years old, respectively. Two were males and the 3rd was a female. There was no head trauma, bleeding tendency, or coagulopathy. Two of them were hypertensive but none of them was diabetic, epileptic, or alcoholic. Two patients died, on day 1 and 2 respectively, and the 3rd patient was discharged by his next of kin after 3 hours of admission to our Acute and Emergency department. No neurosurgical intervention was carries out and all patients were treated conservatively. The hematoma was fronto-occipital and was located on the left side in 2 patients while in the 3rd patient it was a right-sided parieto-occipital one. Although the initial investigations had pointed out to the spontaneous development of those hematomas in our patients, a further search for an underlying etiology was supposed to be done, but the early death of 2 patients and the premature discharge of the 3rd patient had intersected with this work-up. The rapid deterioration and death of 2 patients might have been prevented if an early evacuation was done.

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

2014-02-01

127

Hematoma subdural agudo espontâneo e hemorragia intracerebral em paciente com microangiopatia trombótica gestacional / Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma and intracerebral hemorrhage in a patient with thrombotic microangiopathy during pregnancy  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Pré-eclâmpsia, síndrome HELLP (hemólise, elevação de enzimas hepáticas e plaquetopenia) e fígado gorduroso agudo da gestação são as principais causas de microangiopatia trombótica e disfunção hepática grave durante a gestação, representando um spectrum do mesmo processo patológico. Relatou-se aqui o [...] caso de uma gestante com 35 semanas internada em unidade de terapia intensiva no pós-operatório imediato de cesariana por morte fetal, com náuseas, vômitos e icterícia. Diagnosticaram-se pré-eclâmpsia pós-parto e fígado gorduroso agudo da gestação. Houve evolução tardia com hematoma subdural agudo e hemorragia intracerebral, sendo realizado tratamento neurocirúrgico. A paciente foi a óbito por anemia hemolítica refratária, com sangramento espontâneo em múltiplos órgãos. Pré-eclâmpsia, síndrome HELLP e fígado gorduroso agudo da gestação são processos patológicos que podem se sobrepor e se associar a complicações potencialmente fatais, como a hemorragia intracraniana aqui descrita. Sua detecção e diagnóstico precoces são fundamentais para a instituição de manejo adequado e sucesso do tratamento. Abstract in english Preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low-platelet count), and acute fatty liver of pregnancy are the main causes of thrombotic microangiopathy and evere liver dysfunction during pregnancy and represent different manifestations of the same pathological continuum. The c [...] ase of a 35-week pregnant woman who was admitted to an intensive care unit immediately after a Cesarean section due to fetal death and the presence of nausea, vomiting, and jaundice is reported. Postpartum preeclampsia and acute fatty liver of pregnancy were diagnosed. The patient developed an acute subdural hematoma and an intracerebral hemorrhage, which were subjected to neurosurgical treatment. The patient died from refractory hemolytic anemia and spontaneous bleeding of multiple organs. Preeclampsia HELLP syndrome, and acute fatty liver of pregnancy might overlap and be associated with potentially fatal complications, including intracranial hemorrhage, as in the present case. Early detection and diagnosis are crucial to ensure management and treatment success.

Sâmia Yasin, Wayhs; Joise, Wottrich; Douglas Prestes, Uggeri; Fernando Suparregui, Dias.

2013-06-01

128

Hematoma subdural agudo espontâneo e hemorragia intracerebral em paciente com microangiopatia trombótica gestacional / Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma and intracerebral hemorrhage in a patient with thrombotic microangiopathy during pregnancy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Pré-eclâmpsia, síndrome HELLP (hemólise, elevação de enzimas hepáticas e plaquetopenia) e fígado gorduroso agudo da gestação são as principais causas de microangiopatia trombótica e disfunção hepática grave durante a gestação, representando um spectrum do mesmo processo patológico. Relatou-se aqui o [...] caso de uma gestante com 35 semanas internada em unidade de terapia intensiva no pós-operatório imediato de cesariana por morte fetal, com náuseas, vômitos e icterícia. Diagnosticaram-se pré-eclâmpsia pós-parto e fígado gorduroso agudo da gestação. Houve evolução tardia com hematoma subdural agudo e hemorragia intracerebral, sendo realizado tratamento neurocirúrgico. A paciente foi a óbito por anemia hemolítica refratária, com sangramento espontâneo em múltiplos órgãos. Pré-eclâmpsia, síndrome HELLP e fígado gorduroso agudo da gestação são processos patológicos que podem se sobrepor e se associar a complicações potencialmente fatais, como a hemorragia intracraniana aqui descrita. Sua detecção e diagnóstico precoces são fundamentais para a instituição de manejo adequado e sucesso do tratamento. Abstract in english Preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low-platelet count), and acute fatty liver of pregnancy are the main causes of thrombotic microangiopathy and evere liver dysfunction during pregnancy and represent different manifestations of the same pathological continuum. The c [...] ase of a 35-week pregnant woman who was admitted to an intensive care unit immediately after a Cesarean section due to fetal death and the presence of nausea, vomiting, and jaundice is reported. Postpartum preeclampsia and acute fatty liver of pregnancy were diagnosed. The patient developed an acute subdural hematoma and an intracerebral hemorrhage, which were subjected to neurosurgical treatment. The patient died from refractory hemolytic anemia and spontaneous bleeding of multiple organs. Preeclampsia HELLP syndrome, and acute fatty liver of pregnancy might overlap and be associated with potentially fatal complications, including intracranial hemorrhage, as in the present case. Early detection and diagnosis are crucial to ensure management and treatment success.

Sâmia Yasin, Wayhs; Joise, Wottrich; Douglas Prestes, Uggeri; Fernando Suparregui, Dias.

129

[Acute spontaneous subdural hematoma associated with multiple aneurysms--a case report].  

Science.gov (United States)

A case of acute spontaneous subdural hematoma associated with three aneurysms is reported. On March 12, 1984, a 47-year-old woman experienced the sudden onset of severe headache over the bilateral frontal region and vomiting. Three hours later, she was transferred to our hospital by ambulance car because of continuous headache and vomiting. She had no history of head trauma. She had been medicated hypertension for five years. On admission she suffered from headache and nausea. But there was no clinical sign in physical and neurological examinations. The meningeal irritation was not present, but lumbar puncture showed slightly pinky CSF with normal pressure. A plain computed tomographic scan showed a thin high density mass in the left temporal extra-axial region and the slight deviation of the midline structures to the right. Left carotid arteriogram showed an avascular region over the left cerebral convexity, an aneurysm of the left A2-A3 junction and a questionable aneurysm of the bifurcation of left middle cerebral artery. Right carotid arteriogram showed an aneurysm of the bifurcation of right middle cerebral artery. We diagnosed this case as an acute subdural hematoma by CT scan and arteriogram. We were perplexed preoperatively whether this bleeding was spontaneous or secondary to the rupture of aneurysm, and we could not deny the possibility of a ruptured aneurysm. On March 15, 1984, three days after onset, operation was performed. At operation, a small subdural hematoma was removed, and the underlying cortex was normal.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:4047317

Okuyama, T; Tsuchita, H; Saito, K; Hamajima, I; Sakamaki, Y; Takeda, T

1985-06-01

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Post-traumatic interemispheric subdural hematoma: report of two cases and review of the literature.  

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The interhemispheric subdural hematomas (ISHs) are located along the whole interhemispheric scissure. The ISHs are a rare complication of head traumas. Possible predisposing factors such as coagulopathies, alcohol abuse or anticoagulant therapy are favouring factors. ISHs are rarely accompanied by changes in consciousness and it usually manifests itself with signs of "Falx Syndrome" (controlateral monoparesis of lower extremity or controlateral hemiparesis with lower limb weakness predominating). The treatment can consist of conservative observation or craniotomy and is dictated by the neurological evolution. In literature are described 140 cases since 1940 including our two conservatively managed patients. The salient aspects of ISHs are discussed in an analysis of the pertinent literature. PMID:21464812

Carangelo, B; Peri, G; Palma, L

2011-03-01

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Cerebral atrophy and crossed cerebellar atrophy following acute subdural hematoma in infant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Crossed cerebellar atrophy (CCA) on imaging study reflects secondary degeneration of the cerebellar hemisphere caused by neuronal disconnection with the contralateral cerebral hemisphere. We report an 11-month-old child with traumatic left acute subdural hematoma, who showed crossed cerebellar atrophy on MR images. Eighteen months after the trauma, MR images showed brain atrophy not only in the left cerebral hemisphere but also in the right cerebellar hemisphere. The cerebellar atrophy was prominent in the lateral part. This finding is consistent with CCA and may support neuronal interactions between the cerebral hemisphere and the lateral part of the contralateral cerebellar hemisphere. (author)

132

Challenging the Pathophysiologic Connection between Subdural Hematoma, Retinal Hemorrhage and Shaken Baby Syndrome  

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Full Text Available Child abuse experts use diagnostic findings of subdural hematoma and retinal hemorrhages as near-pathognomonic findings to diagnose shaken baby syndrome. This article reviews the origin of this link and casts serious doubt on the specificity of the pathophysiologic connection. The forces required to cause brain injury were derived from an experiment of high velocity impacts on monkeys, that generated forces far above those which might occur with a shaking mechanism. These forces, if present, would invariably cause neck trauma, which is conspicuously absent in most babies allegedly injured by shaking. Subdural hematoma may also be the result of common birth trauma, complicated by prenatal vitamin D deficiency, which also contributes to the appearance of long bone fractures commonly associated with child abuse. Retinal hemorrhage is a non-specific finding that occurs with many causes of increased intracranial pressure, including infection and hypoxic brain injury. The evidence challenging these connections should prompt emergency physicians and others who care for children to consider a broad differential diagnosis before settling on occult shaking as the de-facto cause. While childhood non-accidental trauma is certainly a serious problem, the wide exposure of this information may have the potential to exonerate some innocent care-givers who have been convicted, or may be accused, of child abuse. [West J Emerg Med. 2011;12(2:144-158.

Gabaeff, Steven C

2011-05-01

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Misdiagnosed spontaneous intracranial hypotension complicated by subdural hematoma following lumbar puncture  

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Full Text Available Nissrine Louhab,1 Nawal Adali,1 Mehdi Laghmari,2 Wafae El Hymer,2 Said Ait Ben Ali,2 Najib Kissani11Neurology Department, 2Neurosurgery Department, University Hospital of Mohammed the VIth, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, MoroccoIntroduction: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is an infrequent cause of secondary headache due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF hypovolemia.Objective: To describe a case of headache revealing spontaneous intracranial hypotension complicated by subdural hematoma following lumbar puncture.Observation: A 34-year-old man presented with acute postural headache. The first cerebral computed tomography scan was normal. Lumbar puncture showed hyperproteinorachy at 2 g/L with six lymphocytic cells. The headache became very intense. At admission, clinical examination was normal. Ophthalmological examination did not show any abnormalities. Encephalic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI showed bilateral subdural hematoma with tonsillar descent simulating Chiari type I malformation. After surgical drainage and symptomatic treatment, the patient was discharged with no recurrence.Conclusion: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is associated with simple clinical presentation, orthostatic headache, and characteristic MRI findings. Misdiagnosed, it leads to unnecessary procedures.Keywords: intracranial hypotension, headache, magnetic resonance imaging

Louhab N

2014-01-01

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Surgical management of traumatic acute subdural hematoma in adults: a review.  

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Traumatic acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) is a major clinical entity in traumatic brain injury (TBI). It acts as a space occupying lesion to increase intracranial pressure, and is often complicated by co-existing lesions, and is modified by cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes, coagulopathy, and delayed hematomas. Because of its complicated pathophysiology, the mortality of ASDH is still remaining high. In this review article, its epidemiology, pathophyiology, surgical treatment, and salvage ability are described. With regard to epidemiology, as the population ages, growing number of elderly patients with ASDH, especially patients with prehospital anticoagulant and antiplatelets, increase. Concerning pathophysiology, in addition to well-known initial intracranial hypertension and subsequent ischemia, delayed hyperemia/hyperperfusion, or delayed hematoma is being recognized frequently in recent years. However, optimal treatments for these delayed phenomenons have not been established yet. With regard to surgical procedures, all of craniotomy, decompressive craniectomy, and initial trephination strategies seem to be effective, but superiority of each procedure have not been established yet. Since Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores, age, papillary reaction, and computed tomographic findings are strongly correlated to outcome, each factor has been investigated as an indicator of salvage ability. None of them, however, has been defined as such one. In future studies, epidemiological changes as population ages, management of delayed pathophysiology, superiority of each surgical procedures, and salvage ability should be addressed. PMID:25367584

Karibe, Hiroshi; Hayashi, Toshiaki; Hirano, Takayuki; Kameyama, Motonobu; Nakagawa, Atsuhiro; Tominaga, Teiji

2014-11-15

135

Factors Associated with Hemispheric Hypodensity after Subdural Hematoma following Abusive Head Trauma in Children.  

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Abstract Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a unique form of pediatric TBI with increased mortality and neurologic sequelae. Hemispheric hypodensity (HH) in association with subdural blood after AHT has been described. Though risk factors for HH are not understood, we hypothesized that risk factors could be identified. We retrospectively enrolled children under 5 years with TBI secondary to AHT (child advocacy diagnosis) who had undergone initial and interval brain imaging. Records were interrogated for prearrival and in-hospital physiologic and radiographic findings. HH was determined by a blinded observer. Twenty-four children were enrolled and 13 developed HH. HH was not significantly associated with age, initial Glascow Coma Scale, or mortality. Pediatric Intensity Level of Therapy (PILOT) scores (p=0.01) and daily maximal intracranial pressure (ICPmax; p=0.037) were higher in HH. Hypoxia, hypotension, cardiopulmonary arrest, need for blood transfusion, and daily blood glucoses tended to be greater in HH. Whereas all children with HH had acute subdural hematoma (SBH), many children without HH also had subdural blood; the presence of skull fracture was more likely in the children who did not develop HH (p=0.04), but no other intracranial radiographic pattern of injury was associated with HH. Surgical intervention did not appear to protect against development of HH. A variety of insults associated with ischemia, including intracranial hypertension, ICP-directed therapies, hypoxia, hypotension, and cardiac arrest, occurred in the children who developed HH. Given the morbidity and mortality of this condition, larger studies to identify mechanisms leading to the development of HH and mitigating clinical approaches are warranted. PMID:24693985

Foster, Kimberly A; Recker, Matthew J; Lee, Philip S; Bell, Michael J; Tyler-Kabara, Elizabeth C

2014-10-01

136

The CT manifestation of diffuse brain injury in cases of serious acute subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Eighty-two adult cases of serious acute subdural hematoma (SDH) of Glasgow Coma Scale 9 or more severe (50 operated-on and 32 non-operated-on cases) were selected in order to study the relation between CT findings at the acute stage and the prognosis of SDH. The CT findings were analyzed in the following respects: size of SDH, midline shift, manifestation of perimesencephalic cisterns, and presence or absence of diffuse hemispheric swelling, diffuse cerebral swelling, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intraventricular hemorrhage, epidural hematoma, hemorrhagic contusion, and dilatation of the contralateral temporal horn. As a result, the most important prognostic signs were found to be: (1) diffuse hemispheric swelling, (2) diffuse cerebral swelling, (3) subarachnoid hemorrhage of the basal-cistern type, (4) intraventricular hemorrhage, (5) deep-seated contusion, (6) complete effacement of the perimesencephalic cisterns, and (7) dilatation of the contralateral temporal horn. These findings, except for the last item, which indicates the final phase of tentorial herniation, were regarded as various patterns of the CT manifestation of diffuse brain injury; the positively associated diffuse brain injury seemed to determine the prognosis of SDH. (author)

137

CT manifestation of diffuse brain injury in cases of serious acute subdural hematoma  

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Eighty-two adult cases of serious acute subdural hematoma (SDH) of Glasgow Coma Scale 9 or more severe (50 operated-on and 32 non-operated-on cases) were selected in order to study the relation between CT findings at the acute stage and the prognosis of SDH. The CT findings were analyzed in the following respects: size of SDH, midline shift, manifestation of perimesencephalic cisterns, and presence or absence of diffuse hemispheric swelling, diffuse cerebral swelling, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intraventricular hemorrhage, epidural hematoma, hemorrhagic contusion, and dilatation of the contralateral temporal horn. As a result, the most important prognostic signs were found to be: (1) diffuse hemispheric swelling, (2) diffuse cerebral swelling, (3) subarachnoid hemorrhage of the basal-cistern type, (4) intraventricular hemorrhage, (5) deep-seated contusion, (6) complete effacement of the perimesencephalic cisterns, and (7) dilatation of the contralateral temporal horn. These findings, except for the last item, which indicates the final phase of tentorial herniation, were regarded as various patterns of the CT manifestation of diffuse brain injury; the positively associated diffuse brain injury seemed to determine the prognosis of SDH.

Nikaido, Yuji; Shimomura, Takahide; Fujita, Toyohisa; Hirabayashi, Hidehiro; Utsumi, Shozaburo

1987-04-01

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Analysis of 469 cases of acute subdural hematoma. The characteristics of ''talk and deteriorate''patients  

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The acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) remains one of the most life-threatening state of all head injuries. We have retrospectively reviewed 469 patients suffering ASDH between 1990 and 2010. The overall mortality rate was 34.1% and 38.6% had good recovery (GR) of Glasgow outcome scale at discharge. The outcome was found to be influenced significantly by the consciousness level at admission. In 198 patients, surgical procedure was performed. Based on the distribution of ASDH, the patients with ASDH only in the interhemispheric space were prone to reach GR state compared to the other locations, namely, unilateral and bilateral lesions. In 469 patients, 28 patients (6%) presented with a mild head injury (JCS 0-3) at admission, and then rapidly deteriorated to comatose state in the first 3 hours, they were classified as ''talk and deteriorate'' (T and D) type. The mortality rate of T and D type was 61%, and the outcome of T and D type was significantly correlated with the operative procedures such as removal via one-burr hole, removal via craniotomy, and decompressive craniotomy and removal. The more degree of decompression, the better outcome is expected for the T and D type. But the independent predictable signs in initial CT scan for T and D type, such as the combination of contusion and/or acute epidural hematoma, in order to evacuate the hematoma promptly before the deterioration falls to the critical level, failed to be identified. Therefore, we conclude that patients who present in good clinical condition with ASDH initially must be prepared for emergency operation. (author)

139

Paresia VI par craneal por hematoma subdural retroclival y espinal postraumático: presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Abducens nerve palsy due to postraumatic retroclival and spinal subdural hematoma: case report and literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Los hematomas retroclivales postraumáticos son extremadamente infrecuentes y casi exclusivos de la edad pediátrica. Únicamente se ha documentado en la literatura un caso de hematoma subdural retroclival postraumático. Caso clínico: Varón de 8 años de edad que tras accidente de biciclet [...] a sufre traumatismo cráneo-encefálico con hiperextensión cervical. A su ingreso presentó Glasgow inicial de 13 y diplopia por paresia del VI par derecho. En la TAC y RM cráneo-cervical se objetivó un hematoma subdural retroclival. Se realizó manejo conservador con colocación de collarín rígido. Se observó recuperación espontánea del VI par a los 6 días presentando únicamente cervicalgia al alta. Presentó resolución clínica y radiológica a los 3 meses del accidente. Conclusión: Las lesiones hemorrágicas retroclivales postraumáticas son típicas de la edad pediátrica por la inmadurez de la unión cráneo-cervical que presentan. El tratamiento de elección es la colocación de un collarín rígido aunque si existe progresión clínica puede ser necesaria la evacuación quirúrgica. Abstract in english Introduction: Retroclival posttraumatic hematomas are extremely rare and almost exclusive to childhood. Only one case of retroclival subdural hematoma has been reported in the literature to date. Case report: An 8-year-old boy suffered a severe head injury with cervical hyperextension as the result [...] of a bicycle accident. On admission his initial Glasgow Coma Score was 13 and he had diplopia due to right palsy of the VI nerve. A retroclival subdural hematoma was observed by CT and MRI of the craneovertebral junction. Management was conservative and a rigid collar was placed. Palsy of VI nerve recovered spontaneously at 6 days and at discharge the patient had only cervical pain. Follow up at 3 months after the accident showed clinical and radiological resolution. Conclusion: Traumatic retroclival hematomas are mainly a pediatric entity due to immaturity of the cranio-cervical junction. Treatment consists of placement of a rigid collar although clinical progression may require surgical evacuation.

I., Catalá-Antúnez; C. de, Quintana-Schmidt; P., Clavel-Laria; G., Montes-Graciano; J., Molet-Teixidó.

2011-08-01

140

Acute infratentorial traumatic subdural hematoma associated with a torn tentorium cerebelli in a one-year-old boy  

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The case of a 1-year-old boy with an acute infratentorial subdural hematoma is presented. Surgical intervention revealed a bleeding vein at the edge of a right-sided tentorial tear. Traumatic tentorial tearing has been demonstrated previously only in neonates. Although computed tomography is the most effective method for recognition of this lesion, vertebral angiography may be mandatory for more accurate localization.

Vielvoye, G.J.; Peters, A.C.B.; van Dulken, H.

1982-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Acute infratentorial traumatic subdural hematoma associated with a torn tentorium cerebelli in a one-year-old boy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The case of a 1-year-old boy with an acute infratentorial subdural hematoma is presented. Surgical intervention revealed a bleeding vein at the edge of a right-sided tentorial tear. Traumatic tentorial tearing has been demonstrated previously only in neonates. Although computed tomography is the most effective method for recognition of this lesion, vertebral angiography may be mandatory for more accurate localization. (orig.)

142

A case of diffuse hemispheric gyral high density on CT scan following acute subdural hematoma in children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of diffuse hemispheric gyral high density area following acute subdural hematoma was reported. A 2 - 10/12 year-old male was admitted to our hospital in comatous state after head injury by fall. Neurological examination revealed deep coma with anisocoria (R < L), absence of light reflex and positive bilateral Babinski reflex. CT scan disclosed left acute subdural hematoma with remarkable midline shift and tentorial herniation sign. Emergency decompressive craniectomy was performed. Posttraumatic hydrocephalus appeared after 10 days. So, ventriculoperitoneal shunt was done. The patient became gradually improved, but was in appalic state. 23 days after craniectomy, suddenly diffuse hemispheric gyral high density appeared on plain CT scan. In spite of this change, no clinical change was found. This high density spontaneously disappeared 10 days after appearance. Cerebral infarction-like phenomenon on postoperative CT scan of acute subdural hematoma in infants was sometimes reported. This phenomenon was sometimes accompanied with hemorrhagic infarction-like high density on CT scan. Diffuse hemispheric gyral high density was probably a kind of those hemorrhagic infarction-like phenomenon. Possible mechanism of this peculiar high density is discussed on the basis of characteristics of child's cerebral artery and pathophysiology of cerebral infarction. (author)

143

Acute subdural hematoma following halo pin tightening in a patient with bilateral vertebral artery dissection.  

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We report the first case of acute subdural hematoma (SDH) developing after tightening the halo of an osteoporotic 61-year-old woman on warfarin therapy for bilateral traumatic vertebral artery dissection. We discuss literature relevant to this case with an emphasis on identifying warning signs, including recurrent pin loosening, especially in patients with compromised bone structure and high risk of bleeding. Our 61-year-old patient presented to neurosurgery clinic for a 2-month follow-up of a type-III odontoid fracture sustained in a motor vehicle accident. The patient had repeatedly loosened halo pins, and shortly after the pins were tightened, the patient had a syncopal event and struck her head. An emergent computed tomography scan revealed acute SDH requiring emergent craniotomy and evacuation. SDH following pin penetration in a patient with bilateral vertebral artery dissection, osteoporosis, and anticoagulation has not been reported as a complication of the use of the halo vest for stabilization of the cervical spine. The risk of this serious complication can be minimized by giving special consideration to patients with comorbidities and by repositioning problematic pins. This case demonstrates the importance of special attention to bone strength, bleeding risk, and recurrent minor complaints with use of the halo vest. PMID:22989701

Medhkour, A; Massie, L; Horn, M

2012-12-01

144

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis complicated by subdural hematomas: Case series and literature review  

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Background: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) can cause elevated intracranial pressure, hemorrhagic venous infarct, and cortical subarachnoid hemorrhage. We present a case series and literature review to illustrate that CVST can also present with subdural hematoma (SDH). Case Description: Chart review was completed on a retrospective case series of CVST with spontaneous SDH. We also conducted a literature search. Over a 6 year interval, three patients with CVST and SDH were admitted to the neurointensive care unit. A 38-year-old woman had both SDH and a hemorrhagic venous infarct associated with a transverse sinus thrombosis. She was managed conservatively with long-term anticoagulation. A 68-year-old woman presented with an acute SDH requiring craniotomy and a thrombosed cortical vein was noted intraoperatively. Computed tomography venography showed thrombosis of the superior sagittal sinus. She had polycythemia vera with the V617 Jak2 gene mutation and was managed with aspirin and hydroxyurea. A 60-year-old male had recurrence of a spontaneous convexity SDH requiring reoperation. Neuroimaging identified ipsilateral transverse sinus thrombosis with retrograde flow into the opposite sinus. Manometry demonstrated elevated venous pressures and these normalized after thrombectomy. Angiography performed after endovascular treatment demonstrated a normal venous drainage pattern. There have been limited reports of SDH complicating CVST in the literature. Conclusion: This case series and literature review demonstrates that CVST can also present with spontaneous SDH with or without associated venous infarctions. Treatment must be individualized. This is the first published description of endovascular thrombectomy for recurrent symptomatic SDH due to CVST. PMID:23869285

Akins, Paul T; Axelrod, Yekaterina K; Ji, Cheng; Ciporen, Jeremy N.; Arshad, Syed T.; Hawk, Mark W.; Guppy, Kern H.

2013-01-01

145

CYP2C9*3 polymorphism presenting as lethal subdural hematoma with low-dose warfarin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Warfarin is the most common and cheap oral anticoagulant currently used in clinical practice. A high inter-individual variation is seen in the response to warfarin. Recently, pharmacogenetics has gained importance in managing patients on warfarin, both in predicting the optimum required dose as well as in decreasing the risk of bleeding. This case report is a description of a 49-year-old patient who had a lethal subdural hematoma with low-dose warfarin. He was subsequently found to have CYP2C9 gene polymorphism (*1/*3). This case report stresses the importance of pre-prescription assessment of genetic analysis for those initiated on warfarin. PMID:25298588

Karnik, Niteen D; Sridharan, Kannan; Tiwari, D; Gupta, V

2014-09-01

146

Rapid resolution of an acute subdural hematoma by increasing the shunt valve pressure in a 63-year-old man with normal-pressure hydrocephalus with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt: a case report and literature review  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Symptomatic subdural hematoma development is a constant concern for patients who have undergone cerebrospinal fluid shunting procedures to relieve symptoms related to normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Acute subdural hematomas are of particular concern in these patients as even minor head trauma may result in subdural hematoma formation. The presence of a ventricular shunt facilitates further expansion of the subdural hematoma and often necessitates surgical treatment, including subdural hematoma evacuation and shunt ligation. Case presentation We present the case of a 63-year-old North American Caucasian man with normal-pressure hydrocephalus with an adjustable valve ventriculoperitoneal shunt who developed an acute subdural hematoma after sustaining head trauma. Conservative treatment was favored over operative evacuation because our patient was neurologically intact, but simple observation was considered to be too high risk in the setting of a low-pressure ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Thus, the valve setting on the ventriculoperitoneal shunt was increased to its maximum pressure setting in order to reduce flow through the shunt and to mildly increase intracranial pressure in an attempt to tamponade any active bleeding and limit hematoma expansion. A repeat computed tomography scan of the head six days after the valve adjustment revealed complete resolution of the acute subdural hematoma. At this time, the valve pressure was reduced to its original setting to treat symptoms of normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Conclusions Programmable shunt valves afford the option for non-operative management of acute subdural hematoma in patients with ventricular shunts for normal-pressure hydrocephalus. As illustrated in this case report, increasing the shunt valve pressure may result in rapid resolution of the acute subdural hematoma in some patients.

Hayes Jackson

2012-11-01

147

Hematomas na fossa craniana posterior Haematomata in the posterior fossa  

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Full Text Available São relatados 6 casos de hematomas sub-tentorias (um de hematoma subdural crônico, quatro de hematomas intra-cerebelares, um de hematoma extra-dural. Salientando a pequena freqüência dos hematomas da fossa craniana posterior, o autor mostra a necessidade de vários exames complementares para o diagnóstico exato, indispensável para a aplicação de terapêutica cirúrgica adequada.Six cases of sub-tentorial haematomata (one chronic sub-dural, four intra-cerebellar, one extra-dural are reported. Emphasizing the relative rarity of haematomata in the posterior cranial fossa, the author claims the necessity of complementary examinations for proper diagnosis, indispensable for adequate surgical treatment.

Mário S. Cademartori

1969-09-01

148

Computed tomography of the adult traumatic subdural effusion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present authors, since the installation of the CT scanner in Sept., 1976, have conducted an investigation of 14 adult subdural effusion cases arising from head injury which were available for a follow-up by CT scanning. These cases were examined in the first 13 months after installation. Under CT scanning, subdural effusion was recognized as a low-density area of the subdural space. Our findings indicate that, in spite of the fact that it is a subdural collection, only a limited shift of the midline structure was seen; further, the shrinking of the lateral ventricles of the effusion side was also limited. Judging from the CT findings, the neurological signs and the clinical course, the subdural effusions of the 14 cases could be classified into 2 types: (I) the minimal neurological deficit type and (II) the contusion-effusion type. Representative cases of the above are given, and, in addition, indications of surgery are also mentioned. We further state that, since the subdural effusion cases come under Type I and are characterized by the minimal neurological deficit, in many cases they are apt to be overlooked: hence, the application of CT scanning with special regard to such cases was stressed. In order to differentiate chronic subdural hematoma from subdural effusion under CT scanning, a comparative CT study was made using 20 cases of chronic subdural hematoma, and the difference in CT findings from those of subdural effusion is reported. (author)usion is reported. (author)

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Clinical features, treatment and outcome of the acute subdural hematoma in JNTDB. Comparison between Project 1998 and Project 2004  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was clarify the clinical features, a change of the therapy and the effect, connection with the outcome of acute subdural hematoma registered on the Japan Neurotrauma Data Bank (JNTDB) presented in 1998 and 2004. Among those, 421 cases in P1998 and 380 cases in P2004 aged more than 6 years who presented with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 8 or less on admission and with acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) on CT findings were retrospectively analyzed. As for the age distribution, two peaks were seen in young aged 16-20 years and old aged 61-65 years. The ratio of the ASDH case in young cases (45 years) decreased compared with P1998. A ratio of traffic accidents decreased, and a ratio of the injury by the fall increased. Surgical treatment was performed to 63.2% (P2004), 65.1% (P1998), and was performed both projects most together by a 46-65 year-old case. Hematoma evacuation group increased to 21.1% from 14.5%, and a burr hole opening decreased to 17.1% (P2004) from 22.3% (P1998). The temperature management was performed to 41.2% (P2004), 20.5% (P1998), especially the younger cases (45 years) in P2004, the temperature management was performed to 56.2%. The overall mortality is 67.7% (P1998), and 54.5% (P2004). The mortality of the temperature management cases was decreased, but the favorable outcome group does not increase. In younger cases (45 years), the favorable outcome group improved to 47.1% (P2004) from 33.3% (P1998) in the hypothermia group, and i3% (P1998) in the hypothermia group, and improved to 45.5% (P2004) from 30.0% (P1998) in the normothermia group. Temperature management after surgical treatment was more common, used to 57.5% (P2004) and 29.2% (P1998). The rate of favorable outcome group tends to increase in the hypothermia and normothermia group with craniotomy, but the mortality was not seen in the difference with the no temperature management group. For the case that used temperature management with a burr hole opening, the effect was not clear. An outcome tends to be good for the case that used temperature management together with craniotomy and will require the accumulation of the further case in future. (author)

150

Spontaneous development of bilateral subdural hematomas in an infant with benign infantile hydrocephalus: color Doppler assessment of vessels traversing extra-axial spaces  

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We present an infant with macrocrania, who initially demonstrated prominent extra-axial fluid collections on sonography of the brain, compatible with benign infantile hydrocephalus (BIH). Because of increasing macrocrania, a follow-up sonogram of the brain was performed; it revealed progressive enlargement of the extra-axial spaces, which now had echogenic debris. Color Doppler US showed bridging veins traversing these extra-axial spaces, so it was initially thought that these spaces were subarachnoid in nature (positive cortical vein sign). However, an arachnoid membrane was identified superior to the cortex, and there was compression of true cortical vessels beneath this dural membrane. An MRI of the brain showed the extra-axial spaces to represent bilateral subdural hematomas. The pathogenesis of spontaneous development of the subdural hematomas, in the setting of BIH, is discussed. We also emphasize that visualizing traversing bridging veins through extra-axial spaces does not necessarily imply that these spaces are subarachnoid in origin. (orig.)

Amodio, John; Spektor, Vadim; Pramanik, Bidyut; Rivera, Rafael; Pinkney, Lynne; Fefferman, Nancy [New York University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, New York, NY (United States)

2005-11-01

151

Spontaneous development of bilateral subdural hematomas in an infant with benign infantile hydrocephalus: color Doppler assessment of vessels traversing extra-axial spaces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present an infant with macrocrania, who initially demonstrated prominent extra-axial fluid collections on sonography of the brain, compatible with benign infantile hydrocephalus (BIH). Because of increasing macrocrania, a follow-up sonogram of the brain was performed; it revealed progressive enlargement of the extra-axial spaces, which now had echogenic debris. Color Doppler US showed bridging veins traversing these extra-axial spaces, so it was initially thought that these spaces were subarachnoid in nature (positive cortical vein sign). However, an arachnoid membrane was identified superior to the cortex, and there was compression of true cortical vessels beneath this dural membrane. An MRI of the brain showed the extra-axial spaces to represent bilateral subdural hematomas. The pathogenesis of spontaneous development of the subdural hematomas, in the setting of BIH, is discussed. We also emphasize that visualizing traversing bridging veins through extra-axial spaces does not necessarily imply that these spaces are subarachnoid in origin. (orig.)

152

Chronic subdural haematoma: modern management and emerging therapies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH) is one of the most common neurological disorders, and is especially prevalent among elderly individuals. Surgical evacuation is the mainstay of management for symptomatic patients or haematomas exerting significant mass effect. Although burr hole craniostomy is the most widely practised technique worldwide, approximately 10-20% of surgically treated patients experience postoperative recurrence necessitating reoperation. Given the increasing incidence of CSDH in a growing elderly population, a need exists for refined techniques that combine a minimally invasive approach with clinical efficacy and cost-effectiveness. In addition, nonsurgical treatment modalities, such as steroids, are attracting considerable interest, as they have the potential to reduce postoperative recurrence or even replace the need for surgery in selected patients. This Review provides an overview of the contemporary management of CSDH and presents considerations regarding future approaches that could further optimize patient care and outcomes. PMID:25224156

Kolias, Angelos G; Chari, Aswin; Santarius, Thomas; Hutchinson, Peter J

2014-10-01

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A prospective randomised study to compare the utility and outcomes of subdural and subperiosteal drains for the treatment of chronic subdural haematoma.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

The usage of a drain following evacuation of a chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH) is known to reduce recurrence. In this study we aim to compare the clinical outcomes and recurrence rate of utilising two different types of drains (subperiosteal and subdural drain) following drainage of a CSDH.

Kaliaperumal, Chandrasekaran

2012-11-01

154

Traumatic subdural hygroma: five cases with changed density and spontaneous resolution Higroma subdural traumático: a propósito de cinco casos com modificação de densidade e resolução espontânea  

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Full Text Available Thirty-four consecutive adult patients with subdural traumatic hygroma were analysed for clinical evolution, serial computed tomography scan (CT, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI over a period of several months. Five of the patients presented CT scan and MRI evolution data showing increasing density over a period of 11 days to 6 months post trauma. In these five patients, final clinical and CT scan data were benign, with complete spontaneous resolution. Descriptions in literature of evolving traumatic subdural hygroma have presented CT scan density modifications changing into chronic subdural hematoma. Our patients show another possibility, density transformation, which sometimes show as subdural hematoma in CT scan and MRI, but with final evolution where clinical condition and CT scan return to normal.Analisamos 34 pacientes adultos com higroma subdural traumático quanto à evolução clínica, tomografias seriadas e ressonância magnética. Observou-se aumento da densidade do higroma subdural em cinco dos pacientes durante período que variou de 11 dias a 6 meses após o trauma. Nestes cinco pacientes, a evolução clínica foi favorável e os higromas apresentaram resolução espontânea. Há vários relatos na literatura de modificação da densidade dos higromas subdurais tramáticos, transformando-se em hematoma subdural crônico. Esta casuística apresenta outra possibilidade, ou seja, modificação da densidade, que pode ser apresentada como hematoma subdural pelas imagens de tomografia ou ressonância magnética, mas com resultado final das condições clínicas e de imagem retornando ao normal.

Marco Antonio Zanini

2007-03-01

155

Hematomas na fossa craniana posterior / Haematomata in the posterior fossa  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese São relatados 6 casos de hematomas sub-tentorias (um de hematoma subdural crônico, quatro de hematomas intra-cerebelares, um de hematoma extra-dural). Salientando a pequena freqüência dos hematomas da fossa craniana posterior, o autor mostra a necessidade de vários exames complementares para o diagn [...] óstico exato, indispensável para a aplicação de terapêutica cirúrgica adequada. Abstract in english Six cases of sub-tentorial haematomata (one chronic sub-dural, four intra-cerebellar, one extra-dural) are reported. Emphasizing the relative rarity of haematomata in the posterior cranial fossa, the author claims the necessity of complementary examinations for proper diagnosis, indispensable for ad [...] equate surgical treatment.

Mário S., Cademartori.

156

Chronic nontraumatic spinal epidural hematoma of the lumbar spine: MRI diagnosis  

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An uncommon case of chronic nontraumatic spinal epidural hematoma of the lumbar spine in a 75-year-old woman is reported. The patient presented with a 7-month history of low back pain and bilateral sciatica. Magnetic resonance imaging enabled a correct preoperative diagnosis revealing a nodular, well-circumscribed epidural mass with peripheral enhancement and signal intensities consistent with chronic hematoma, which extended from L2 to L3. Laminectomy of L2-L3 was performed and the hematoma was totally resected. Histological examination of the surgical specimen demonstrated a chronic encapsulated hematoma. No evidence of vascular malformation was found. The patient recovered fully after surgical treatment. (orig.)

Vazquez-Barquero, A.; Pinto, J.I. [Univ. Hospital ' ' Marques de Valdecilla' ' , Santander (Spain). Dept. of Neurosurgery; Abascal, F.; Garcia-Valtuille, R.; Cerezal, L. [Hospital Mompia, Cantabria, (Spain). Dept. of Radiology; Figols, F.J. [Univ. Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander (Spain). Dept. of Pathology

2000-10-01

157

Chronic nontraumatic spinal epidural hematoma of the lumbar spine: MRI diagnosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An uncommon case of chronic nontraumatic spinal epidural hematoma of the lumbar spine in a 75-year-old woman is reported. The patient presented with a 7-month history of low back pain and bilateral sciatica. Magnetic resonance imaging enabled a correct preoperative diagnosis revealing a nodular, well-circumscribed epidural mass with peripheral enhancement and signal intensities consistent with chronic hematoma, which extended from L2 to L3. Laminectomy of L2-L3 was performed and the hematoma was totally resected. Histological examination of the surgical specimen demonstrated a chronic encapsulated hematoma. No evidence of vascular malformation was found. The patient recovered fully after surgical treatment. (orig.)

158

Isolated III cranial nerve palsy: a surprising presentation of an acute on chronic subdural haematoma.  

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Many aetiologies have been associated with isolated oculomotor nerve palsies. They are ischaemic microangiopathy, posterior communicating artery aneurysm, uncal herniation, neoplasia, traumatic and inflammatory conditions. We report the case of a patient who presented with left oculomotor cranial nerve palsy with an associated large volume left acute on chronic subdural haematoma. Coincidentally, this woman was also found to have a recent history of herpes zoster ophthalmicus. PMID:23784767

Jalil, Muhammad Fahmi Abdul; Tee, Jin Wee; Han, Tiew

2013-01-01

159

Post-traumatic subdural hygroma  

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Full text: Introduction: Post-traumatic subdural hygroma (PSH) refers to a relatively common complication of blunt head trauma that consists in cerebrospinal fluid accumulation in the subdural space. Objectives and tasks: The aim of this case presentation is to briefly outline the clinical and imaging signs, the natural history and clinical significance of PSH. Material and methods: An 85-year-old, female patient was admitted to the emergency department with loss of consciousness after falling on the ground. The patient underwent an emergency head CT scan that didn't show any haemorrhagic findings or fractures and the woman was transferred to the Internal Medicine Department with the assumed diagnosis of an ischaemic cerebral stroke. Results: A new CT scan, 3 days later,confirmed the above diagnosis showing a low-density lesion in the area of left basal ganglia. The presence of an ipsilateral subdural parietal fluid accumulation with a density near to cerebrospinal fluid was also noticed. This new finding was compatible with PSH. Conclusion: PSH frequently appears as a late post-traumatic complication missing clinical attention. In most cases, it's treated conservatively because it's usually self-limited.Very rarely, PSH may be large enough to cause mass effect and may require surgical decompression. The entity should be differentiated from chronic subdural hematoma and cerebral atrophy with dilation of the subarachnoid spaces

160

Subdural hematoma after a fall in an elderly patient taking high-dose omega-3 fatty acids with warfarin and aspirin: case report and review of the literature.  

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The elderly population is at an increased risk for major bleeding, possibly due to increased sensitivity to anticoagulation, multiple comorbidities, and polypharmacy. Elderly patients receiving antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy have an additional risk for bleeding. Omega-3 fatty acids, also known as fish oil, have been used for hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, hypertension, and other conditions. Some studies have demonstrated that consumption of fish oil concentrate, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA), results in cardiovascular benefits that include reductions in mortality, sudden death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and thrombotic stoke, as well as improvement in graft patency. The mechanism of action of n-3 PUFA is not completely understood, but a dual antiplatelet and anticoagulant effect has been proposed. Few data exist on whether or not fish oil can be used safely with other antiplatelet or anticoagulant drugs. We report the case of a patient who after a minor fall developed a subdural hematoma requiring craniotomy that likely was precipitated by concomitant use of high-dose omega-3 fatty acids 6 g/day with both aspirin and warfarin. These findings are important because of the wide availability of omega-3 fatty acids and the propensity for use of complementary and alternative medicine in patients with cardiovascular disease who are already taking antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant agents. Judicious use of these combinations is advised, and pharmacists can play an important role in educating patients and other health care providers about the bleeding risks associated with combination therapy. PMID:17192169

McClaskey, Elizabeth M; Michalets, Elizabeth Landrum

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Hematoma subgaleal crónico en un lactante: Presentación de un caso / Chronic subgaleal hematoma in a child: Case report  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los hematomas subgaleales neonatales son colecciones sanguinolentas, localizadas entre la galea y el tejido conectivo epicraneal; con frecuencia son infradiagnosticados, y en la mayoría de las ocasiones guardan relación con determinados procedimientos obstétricos como el uso de fórceps o ventosa. En [...] general tienen poco volumen y suelen solucionarse espontáneamente. Ocasionalmente pueden alcanzar gran tamaño y ponen en riesgo la vida del recién nacido; excepcionalmente tienden a la cronificación siendo necesario para su tratamiento emplear procedimientos quirúrgicos. Exponemos el caso de una paciente menor de un año de edad que presenta un hematoma subgaleal secundario a parto asistido con ventosa y que precisó tratamiento quirúrgico. Abstract in english Neonatal subgaleal hematomas are under-diagnosed collections of blood beneath the galea, often caused by certain obstetric procedures such as use of forceps or vacuum. They generally have low volume and often resolve spontaneously. Occasionally, they can achieve a large volume and may endanger the l [...] ive of the affected newborns. Rarely, they become chronic and exceptionally they may require surgical treatment. We report the case of a child under one year of age who was referred to our department because of a subgaleal hematoma secondary to vacuum-assisted delivery that required surgical treatment.

J.M., Santín-Amo; M., Gelabert-González; J.M., Villa-Fernández; D., Castro-Bouzas; R., Serramito-García; A., García-Allut.

162

Subdural tuberculous abscess of the lumbar spine in a patient with chronic low back pain  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Despite modern imaging methods, tuberculous abscess in the subdural space of the spine can lead to misdiagnosis and to neurogical complications development, even more up to paraplegia. We presented an extremely rare case of subdural tuberculous abscess of the lumbar (L spine and paraparesis in imunocompetent a 49-year-old patient. Case report. A patient with chronic L syndrome and a history of intervertebral (IV disc L3 and L5 operations got severe back pain late in July 2007. At the same time the patient had a purulent collection in the left knee, and was treated with high doses of corticosteroids and antibiotics. Then, the patient got a high fever, the amplification of pain in the L spine and the development of paraparesis. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 108 mm/1 h, Creactive protein 106.0 mg/L, white blood cell (WBC 38.4 x 09/L with a left turn. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the spine was registered expansive formation in the spinal canal, from the level of the IV disc L2 to the mid-L4 vertebral body. This finding is a “spoke” in favor of the extrusion and sequestration of IV disc L3 with the cranial and caudal migration. The patient underwent an emergency neurosurgical operation. The diagnosis of subdural staphylococcal abscess of L spine was made. According to the antibiogram antibiotic therapy was applied but without effect on the course of the disease. Control MRI of the L spine showed spondylodiscitis L3/L4, abscess collection in the spinal canal and paravertebral muscle abscess. Late in September 2007 the patient underwent needle biopsy of the L3 vertebral body guided by computed tomography and the acid-fast bacilli (AFB were found. Tuberculostatics were introduced in the therapy. Two years later the patient was without significant personal difficulties, and with normal clinical, laboratory and morphological findings. Conclusion. Subdural tuberculous abscess of the spine is extremely rare manifestation of spine tuberculosis. The exact and early diagnosis and adequate treatment of atypical form of spine tuberculosis are key factors of good prognosis.

Miki? Dragan

2012-01-01

163

Hematoma cerebeloso a distancia  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Describir dos casos de hematoma cerebeloso después de cirugía supratentorial: un hematoma subdural (caso 1) y un higroma subdural (caso 2). Material y método. Análisis de las historias clínicas e imágenes de dos pacientes evaluadas en el Hospital de Clínicas y en el Hospital Español en 200 [...] 9. Resultados. Caso 1: Paciente masculino de 70 años, con hemiparesia izquierda y lúcido que después de la evacuación de un hematoma subdural sufrió una hemorragia sobre las folias cerebelosas y presentó hematoma vermiano de 2,5 cm a las 72 horas de la cirugía. La evolución fue desfavorable con un súbito déficit neurológico e insuficiencia cardiorrespiratoria. Caso 2: Paciente femenino de 40 años, con un hematoma vermiano asintomático de 1 cm encontrado en la TAC de control a las 72 horas de la cirugía. Evolución sin déficit neurológico. Conclusión. La cirugía supratentorial con pérdida abundante de LCR sería el factor más importante de esta complicación. El hiperdrenaje de LCR produce relajación del cerebelo con la consiguiente tracción y rotura de las venas puente que van a la tienda, provocando hematomas subdurales e infartos venosos hemorrágicos del cerebelo. Estos dos casos reportados fueron operados sin drenaje subdural aspirativo con pérdida abundante de LCR durante 72 y 48 horas respectivamente, que es el patrón etiológico más frecuente según la mayoría de los autores. Abstract in english Objective. To describe two cases of cerebellar hematomas after supratentorial surgeries: a subdural hematoma (case 1) and subdural hygroma (case 2). Materia and Method. An analysis of the clinical records and images of two patients evaluated during 2009 at the Clinicas Hospital and at the Spanish Ho [...] spital. Results. Case 1, 70 years old male, with a left hemiparesis and a lucid status after evacuation of subdural hematoma suffered a 2.5 cm bleeding in the cerebellar folias and in the vermis after 72 hs of the surgery. The evolution was unfavorable with a sudden neurological deficit and cardiorespiratory failure. Case 2, 40 years old female, with asymptomatic 1 cm vermian hematoma found in the CT scan control after 72 hs of the surgery. Evolution was without neurological deficit. Conlusion. Supratentorial surgery with considerable outflow of cerebrospinal fluid would be the one most important factor in this complication. The cerebrospinal overdrainage produces cerebellar relaxation with the consequent traction and rupture of the brinding veins toward the tentorium, generating subdural haematomas and cerebellar hemorragic venous infarction. These two cases reported were operated with non aspirative subdural drainages with considerable cerebrospinal outflow for 72 and 48 hs respectively, that is the common etiologic pattern according to most of the authors.

Tomás, Funes; Santiago, González Abbati; Flavia, Clar; Roberto, Zaninovich; Rubén, Mormandi; Oscar, Stella.

2010-09-01

164

Hematoma cerebeloso a distancia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Describir dos casos de hematoma cerebeloso después de cirugía supratentorial: un hematoma subdural (caso 1) y un higroma subdural (caso 2). Material y método. Análisis de las historias clínicas e imágenes de dos pacientes evaluadas en el Hospital de Clínicas y en el Hospital Español en 200 [...] 9. Resultados. Caso 1: Paciente masculino de 70 años, con hemiparesia izquierda y lúcido que después de la evacuación de un hematoma subdural sufrió una hemorragia sobre las folias cerebelosas y presentó hematoma vermiano de 2,5 cm a las 72 horas de la cirugía. La evolución fue desfavorable con un súbito déficit neurológico e insuficiencia cardiorrespiratoria. Caso 2: Paciente femenino de 40 años, con un hematoma vermiano asintomático de 1 cm encontrado en la TAC de control a las 72 horas de la cirugía. Evolución sin déficit neurológico. Conclusión. La cirugía supratentorial con pérdida abundante de LCR sería el factor más importante de esta complicación. El hiperdrenaje de LCR produce relajación del cerebelo con la consiguiente tracción y rotura de las venas puente que van a la tienda, provocando hematomas subdurales e infartos venosos hemorrágicos del cerebelo. Estos dos casos reportados fueron operados sin drenaje subdural aspirativo con pérdida abundante de LCR durante 72 y 48 horas respectivamente, que es el patrón etiológico más frecuente según la mayoría de los autores. Abstract in english Objective. To describe two cases of cerebellar hematomas after supratentorial surgeries: a subdural hematoma (case 1) and subdural hygroma (case 2). Materia and Method. An analysis of the clinical records and images of two patients evaluated during 2009 at the Clinicas Hospital and at the Spanish Ho [...] spital. Results. Case 1, 70 years old male, with a left hemiparesis and a lucid status after evacuation of subdural hematoma suffered a 2.5 cm bleeding in the cerebellar folias and in the vermis after 72 hs of the surgery. The evolution was unfavorable with a sudden neurological deficit and cardiorespiratory failure. Case 2, 40 years old female, with asymptomatic 1 cm vermian hematoma found in the CT scan control after 72 hs of the surgery. Evolution was without neurological deficit. Conlusion. Supratentorial surgery with considerable outflow of cerebrospinal fluid would be the one most important factor in this complication. The cerebrospinal overdrainage produces cerebellar relaxation with the consequent traction and rupture of the brinding veins toward the tentorium, generating subdural haematomas and cerebellar hemorragic venous infarction. These two cases reported were operated with non aspirative subdural drainages with considerable cerebrospinal outflow for 72 and 48 hs respectively, that is the common etiologic pattern according to most of the authors.

Tomás, Funes; Santiago, González Abbati; Flavia, Clar; Roberto, Zaninovich; Rubén, Mormandi; Oscar, Stella.

165

Chronic pure radiculopathy in patient with organizing epidural hematoma around C8 nerve root.  

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Spontaneously occurring spinal epidural hematomas are uncommon clinical findings, and the chronic form is the rarest and its most frequent location is the lumbar spine. Pure radicular involvement is far less frequent than myelopathy. We report a case of progressive radiculopathy in a 52-year-old man with spontaneously occurring cervical epidural hematoma (SCEH). The patient had left hand weakness and numbness for 4 months. MRI scan showed small space-occupying lesion around left 8th cervical nerve root. After surgery we confirmed chronic organizing epidural hematoma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second reported case in the worldwide literature of pure radiculopathy in a patient with chronic SCEH. PMID:22249307

Kim, Sang-hyuk; Jeon, Sang-ho; Cho, Jae-lim; Chong, Hung-tae; Kim, Dong-jun; Kim, Moon-chan; Eun, Jong-pil

2012-06-01

166

FDG-PET imaging for chronic expanding hematoma in pelvis with massive bone destruction  

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Chronic expanding hematoma is a rare presentation of a hematoma characterized by a persistent increase in size for more than a month after the initial hemorrhage. We present a 65-year-old man with a chronic expanding hematoma in his ilium who was receiving anticoagulant treatment. The patient had a delayed manifestation of a femoral neuropathy with massive bone destruction. 2-Deoxy-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) imaging revealed an increased uptake in the rim of the mass in images acquired 1 h after FDG injection. FDG-PET scans were performed using a dedicated PET scanner (HeadtomeV/SET2400 W, Shimadzu, Kyoto, Japan), and the PET data for the most metabolically active region of interest (ROI) were analyzed. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was set to a cut-off point of 3.0 to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions. The SUVmax of the patient's lesion was 3.10, suggesting a malignant lesion. The characteristics of FDG-PET images of chronic expanding hematomas, including the uptake of FDG in the peripheral rim of the mass as a result of inflammation, should be recognized as a potential interpretive pitfall in mimicking a sarcoma. (orig.)

167

Chronic expanding hematoma extending over multiple gluteal muscles associated with piriformis syndrome.  

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We report on a patient with an unusual, slowly enlarging hematoma of the left buttock. A 62-year-old man presented with a 6-year history of an enlarging mass of the left buttock. He had first noted the mass 6 years earlier and had had sciatica of the left lower limb for the last 2 months. He denied any history of antecedent trauma. The lesion extended over 3 gluteal muscles (the gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, and piriformis). On microscopic examination, the lesion showed typical signs of chronic expanding hematoma. The sciatica was relieved after surgical removal of the lesion. The lesion had not recurred at the last follow-up 4 years after the operation. The present case suggested that chronic expanding hematoma can extend into multiple muscles due, perhaps, to long-term growth and the anatomical and functional conditions of the affected muscles. Our case also suggests that chronic expanding hematoma can be a cause of piriformis syndrome. PMID:23291848

Kitagawa, Yasuyuki; Yokoyama, Munehiro; Tamai, Kensuke; Takai, Shinro

2012-01-01

168

Chronic spontaneous cervicothoracic epidural hematoma in an 8-month-old infant  

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Full Text Available Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is an uncommon cause of cord compression in children, especially in infants. An 8-month-old infant was admitted to our hospital for a 40-day history of paraparesis in the lower extremities. This rapidly progressed to paraparesis with an inability to move the lower extremities. MRI of the cervicothoracic spine revealed an epidural mass with compression of the spinal cord. The infant underwent C7-T3 total laminectomies. The pathology and postoperative MRI confirmed spinal epidural hematoma from a vascular malformation. We present the case to highlight the significance of recognizing this chronic spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma and discuss the diagnosis, treatment options and prognosis.

Min Shaoxiong

2011-01-01

169

The Value of Programmable Shunt Valves for the Management of Subdural Collections in Patients with Hydrocephalus  

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Background. The aim of the present study was to assess the value of electromagnetic programmable shunt valves for the treatment of subdural collections. Methods. Adult patients with hydrocephalus of various causes that were treated with programmable shunt valves during the last ten years were retrospectively studied. In 127 patients, 139 electromagnetic programmable shunt valves were implanted. Results. A nontraumatic subdural fluid collection was detected in 12 patients. The treatment of these patients consisted of reprogramming of the valve's opening pressure. In 5 patients small subdural hematomas were detected; 4 of these patients were treated by raising the opening pressure alone and one patient required surgical drainage and change of the pressure setting. Traumatic chronic subdural hematomas were detected in 6 patients. These patients were treated by surgical drainage and readjustment of the valve's opening pressure. Conclusion. The ability to treat a shunt-related complication, such as a subdural fluid collection, by reprogramming the valve's opening pressure to a higher setting is an advantage over nonprogrammable valves, and it enables the opening pressure to be slowly lowered once the fluid collection is reabsorbed. Based on our results, we believe that programmable shunt valves should be preferred. PMID:24453855

Alexiou, George A.; Mihos, Evaggelos; Fotakopoulos, George; Voulgaris, Spyridon

2013-01-01

170

Chronic encapsulated expanding hematoma in association with gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery for a cerebral arteriovenous malformation. Case report.  

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The authors report a rare case of a patient with a chronic encapsulated expanding hematoma and progressive neurological deterioration who presented 2 years after gamma knife radiosurgery for a cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM). A tough capsule containing multiple layers of organized hematoma resulting from previous bleeding was confirmed surgically. Histological examination revealed that the capsule consisted of a dense collagenous outer layer and a granulomatous newly vascularized inner layer with marked fibrosis. Hemosiderin deposits were frequently observed in the inner layer, which suggested recurrent minor bleeding from fragile vessels in this layer. An AVM was found in the hematoma, which had degenerated as the result of radiosurgery. A cross-section of the abnormal vessels showed various stages of obliteration due to intimal hypertrophy. The clinical course, radiological features, and histological findings in this case were compatible with those of previously reported chronic encapsulated hematomas. A possible mechanism of hematoma formation and its expansion are discussed. PMID:8622164

Kurita, H; Sasaki, T; Kawamoto, S; Taniguchi, M; Kitanaka, C; Nakaguchi, H; Kirino, T

1996-05-01

171

An Unreported Cause of Buccal Mucosal Hematoma: A Rare Complication After Heparin Therapy in a Patient with Chronic Renal Failure  

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Full Text Available Patients receiving anti-coagulants such as heparin can suffer from significant complications of these medications. Herein, we report a buccal mucosal hematoma in a heparinized patient with chronic renal failure.

Mustafa Y?ld?z

2013-08-01

172

Chronic Expanding Hematoma of the Adrenal Gland Mimicking a Hemangioma: A Case Report  

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We report a rare case of unilateral chronic expanding hematoma in the left adrenal gland, mimicking a hemangioma on multiphase computed tomography (CT). On CT, the mass showed several enhancing foci of irregular and frond-like shape in the periphery at the hepatic arterial phase and gradual fill-in pattern at the portal venous phase, which was similar with the enhancement pattern of hemangioma.

Lee, Hyun Jung; Kim, Min Jeong; Ha, Hong Il; Lee, In Jae; Lee, Kwan Seop; Seo, Jin Won [Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang (Korea, Republic of); Yeo, Seung Gu [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

2013-04-15

173

Subperiosteal hematoma of the iliac bone: imaging features of acute and chronic stages with emphasis on pathophysiology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The goal of this work is to describe the radiological appearance and clinical presentation of subperiosteal iliac hematoma and present a review of the literature. We retrospectively reviewed the radiological and clinical files of 19 patients (age range: 12-75; mean: 47) who presented with acute or chronic subperiosteal iliac hematomas. Imaging findings and relevant clinical information were recorded. A thorough literature search was performed to find additional cases of this rare condition. Three young patients presented with acute subperiosteal iliac hematoma following a fall. Clinical presentation was characterized by pain and gait disturbance presumed to result from crural nerve compression. Unilateral or bilateral lenticular hematomas deep in the iliacus muscle were demonstrated by CT for all patients while MRI was also available for two of them. In 16 asymptomatic patients, chronic ossified subperiosteal iliac hematomas were incidentally detected by CT. Progressive ossification of acute hematoma was demonstrated at follow-up in two patients. Subperiosteal iliac hematoma is rare but has typical imaging findings that may present acutely in adolescents or chronically in asymptomatic adults. (orig.)

174

Subperiosteal hematoma of the iliac bone: imaging features of acute and chronic stages with emphasis on pathophysiology  

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The goal of this work is to describe the radiological appearance and clinical presentation of subperiosteal iliac hematoma and present a review of the literature. We retrospectively reviewed the radiological and clinical files of 19 patients (age range: 12-75; mean: 47) who presented with acute or chronic subperiosteal iliac hematomas. Imaging findings and relevant clinical information were recorded. A thorough literature search was performed to find additional cases of this rare condition. Three young patients presented with acute subperiosteal iliac hematoma following a fall. Clinical presentation was characterized by pain and gait disturbance presumed to result from crural nerve compression. Unilateral or bilateral lenticular hematomas deep in the iliacus muscle were demonstrated by CT for all patients while MRI was also available for two of them. In 16 asymptomatic patients, chronic ossified subperiosteal iliac hematomas were incidentally detected by CT. Progressive ossification of acute hematoma was demonstrated at follow-up in two patients. Subperiosteal iliac hematoma is rare but has typical imaging findings that may present acutely in adolescents or chronically in asymptomatic adults. (orig.)

Guillin, Raphael [Rennes University Hospital, Department of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Rennes Cedex 2 (France); Moser, Thomas [Montreal University Hospital, Department of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Montreal (Canada); Koob, Meriam [Strasbourg University Hospital, Department of Pediatric Imaging, Strasbourg (France); Khoury, Viviane [Mc Gill University Health center, Department of Radiology, Montreal (Canada); Chapuis, Madeleine [Rennes University Hospital, Department of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, Rennes (France); Ropars, Mickael [Rennes University Hospital, Department of orthopedic surgery, Rennes (France); Cardinal, Etienne [Radiologie Laennec, Montreal (Canada)

2012-06-15

175

Chronic encapsulated intracerebral hematoma: Three case reports and a literature review  

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Background: Chronic encapsulated intracerebral hematoma (CEIH) is one type of intracerebral hematoma that sometimes grows progressively while forming a capsule and presenting with neurological deficits. Although many cases of CEIH have been reported, correct preoperative diagnosis is very difficult. Only around 20% of cases are diagnosed preoperatively. Case Description: We encountered three cases of CEIH in which causes were unidentified and difficult to diagnose. All three cases were treated surgically. In the first case, a 59-year-old male was diagnosed preoperatively with metastatic brain tumor. In the second case, a 62-year-old female was diagnosed preoperatively with glioblastoma. The third case involved a 58-year-old female diagnosed preoperatively with CEIH. Conclusion: We should keep in mind that CEIH is a differential diagnosis for intracerebral space-occupying lesions. This report describes these three cases and discusses imaging findings and characteristics of CEIH. PMID:25024888

Nishiyama, Akira; Toi, Hiroyuki; Takai, Hiroki; Hirai, Satoshi; Yokosuka, Kimihiko; Matsushita, Nobuhisa; Hirano, Kazuhiro; Matsubara, Shunji; Nishimura, Hirotake; Uno, Masaaki

2014-01-01

176

Abdominal chronic expanding hematoma causing iron-deficiency anemia in a dog.  

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A 2 yr old spayed female mixed-breed Irish wolfhound was referred for assessment of anemia and slowly progressing abdominal distention. At the time of admission, the dog had marked anemia and thrombocytosis, a decreased serum iron concentration, and a normal coagulation profile. An ultrasound examination showed a massive fluid-filled cavitated structure in the abdominal cavity. Paracentesis of that structure yielded a large amount of hemorrhagic fluid with an iron concentration >24 times greater than the serum iron concentration, consistent with chronic sequestration of iron, leading to iron-deficiency anemia. Blood transfusions and incomplete surgical removal of the structure allowed short-term stabilization of the patient, but the dog was euthanized 17 days postsurgery for lethargy and continued abdominal distention. Histopathological evaluation of the structure was consistent with a chronic expanding hematoma. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of intra-abdominal chronic expanding hematoma in a dog. It is also unique given its features of iron-deficiency anemia caused by internal blood loss. PMID:25028435

Sebbag, Lionel; Harkin, Kenneth R; Habekost, Allison; Gumber, Sanjeev; Lee, Tiffany

2014-01-01

177

Microwave hematoma detector  

Science.gov (United States)

The Microwave Hematoma Detector is a non-invasive device designed to detect and localize blood pooling and clots near the outer surface of the body. While being geared towards finding sub-dural and epi-dural hematomas, the device can be used to detect blood pooling anywhere near the surface of the body. Modified versions of the device can also detect pneumothorax, organ hemorrhage, atherosclerotic plaque in the carotid arteries, evaluate perfusion (blood flow) at or near the body surface, body tissue damage at or near the surface (especially for burn assessment) and be used in a number of NDE applications. The device is based on low power pulsed microwave technology combined with a specialized antenna, signal processing/recognition algorithms and a disposable cap worn by the patient which will facilitate accurate mapping of the brain and proper function of the instrument. The invention may be used for rapid, non-invasive detection of sub-dural or epi-dural hematoma in human or animal patients, detection of hemorrhage within approximately 5 cm of the outer surface anywhere on a patient's body.

Haddad, Waleed S. (Dublin, CA); Trebes, James E. (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis L. (Moss Beach, CA)

2001-01-01

178

Subdural empyema in chronic suppurative otitis media: a rarely encountered complication  

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Here the authors describe the case of a 23-year-old young woman with life-threatening focal suppurative intracranial collection with brain compression secondary to long forgotten chronic suppurative otitis media. With the development and availability of broad-spectrum antibiotics and their timely usage, cases of suppurative otitis media are a rarity in the current times.

Gupta, Monica; Singh, Kamal; Lehl, S. S.

2011-01-01

179

Subdural haemorrhage following endoscopic third ventriculostomy. A rare complication.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Subdural collections or hematomas are frequently observed after shunt placement [7-9, 13], but rarely after ETV [6]. A review of literature revealed 7 cases [1, 5, 6, 10, 12], of which only 1 was symptomatic [5]. We will discuss the causes, management, and methods of prevention of this complication and we will present a case of symptomatic subdural haematoma, following endoscopic third ventriculostomy for illustration.

Kamel, M H

2012-02-03

180

Hematoma and MR imaging at 0. 15 T. A review of 100 cases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

One hundred hematomas were examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 0.15 T, all explored in SEpT/sub 1/ and most in SEpT/sub 2/. The number of cases examined in the acute phase during the first 48 hours was low: 8 cases. At this SEpT/sub 1/ period the hematoma appears of elevated signal with good muscle contrast but without contrast in hepatic and cerebral parenchyma. In a weighted T/sub 2/ sequence, the intense signals of cerebral edema and plasma or serum enables detection of the encephalic lesion. Findings from 68 hematomas observed in the subacute or chronic phase suggest that their appearance is pathognomonic with visualization in SEpT/sub 1/ of a crown of an intense signal at least equal to that of fat. The only difficulty at this period is the discovery of a hematoma within the fat: orbital, retroperitoneal... The collection of a subdural hematoma usually appears homogeneous, the intensity of the signal varying with red cell concentration and time. In the soft tissues, the intensity of signal is a function of concentration of hemoglobin and its derivatives and of volume of serious effusion. Images of 24 hematomas during the sequelae phase confirmed the appearance of a ''biochemical shell'' without signal in SEpT/sub 2/ and allowed detection of the hematic contents of an occupying process even after long periods, sometimes after one year.

Cosnard, G.; Jeanbourquin, D.; Blanc, A.M.; Perfettini, C.; Iba Zizen, M.T.; Cabanis, E.A.

1987-05-01

 
 
 
 
181

Hematoma and MR imaging at 0.15 T. A review of 100 cases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One hundred hematomas were examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 0.15 T, all explored in SEpT1 and most in SEpT2. The number of cases examined in the acute phase during the first 48 hours was low: 8 cases. At this SEpT1 period the hematoma appears of elevated signal with good muscle contrast but without contrast in hepatic and cerebral parenchyma. In a weighted T2 sequence, the intense signals of cerebral edema and plasma or serum enables detection of the encephalic lesion. Findings from 68 hematomas observed in the subacute or chronic phase suggest that their appearance is pathognomonic with visualization in SEpT1 of a crown of an intense signal at least equal to that of fat. The only difficulty at this period is the discovery of a hematoma within the fat: orbital, retroperitoneal... The collection of a subdural hematoma usually appears homogeneous, the intensity of the signal varying with red cell concentration and time. In the soft tissues, the intensity of signal is a function of concentration of hemoglobin and its derivatives and of volume of serious effusion. Images of 24 hematomas during the sequelae phase confirmed the appearance of a ''biochemical shell'' without signal in SEpT2 and allowed detection of the hematic contents of an occupying process even after long periods, sometimes after one year

182

Hematoma espinal Spinal hematoma  

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Full Text Available El hematoma epidural espinal es un hallazgo poco frecuente en la práctica médica. Se presenta un caso de una paciente portadora en la región dorsal, donde su forma de presentación también se consideró muy inhabitual y confusa; esta debutó con un dolor precordial con irradiación del brazo izquierdo, la espalda y el estómago, instaurándose después una mielitis transversa dorsal. Se presenta el resultado de la resonancia magnética nuclear dorsal, con consideraciones diagnósticas de los diferentes tipos de hematomas espinales. Se realizó una laminectomía desde D3 a D6 y se evacuó un extenso hematoma epidural desde D1 a D8.Epidural spinal hematoma is an infrequent finding in medical practice. A case of a female patient suffering from a pain in the dorsal region, with its way of presentation was also considered as an unusual and confuse occurrence; it started with precordial pain irradiating left arm, back and stomach, establishing a dorsal transverse myelitis. The result of a nuclear magnetic resonance is presented with diagnostic considerations of different types of spinal hematomas. A laminectomy from D3 to D6 was performed and a large epidural hematoma from D1 to D8 was evacuated.

Antonio Javier García Medina

2013-04-01

183

Hematoma espinal / Spinal hematoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hematoma epidural espinal es un hallazgo poco frecuente en la práctica médica. Se presenta un caso de una paciente portadora en la región dorsal, donde su forma de presentación también se consideró muy inhabitual y confusa; esta debutó con un dolor precordial con irradiación del brazo izquierdo, [...] la espalda y el estómago, instaurándose después una mielitis transversa dorsal. Se presenta el resultado de la resonancia magnética nuclear dorsal, con consideraciones diagnósticas de los diferentes tipos de hematomas espinales. Se realizó una laminectomía desde D3 a D6 y se evacuó un extenso hematoma epidural desde D1 a D8. Abstract in english Epidural spinal hematoma is an infrequent finding in medical practice. A case of a female patient suffering from a pain in the dorsal region, with its way of presentation was also considered as an unusual and confuse occurrence; it started with precordial pain irradiating left arm, back and stomach, [...] establishing a dorsal transverse myelitis. The result of a nuclear magnetic resonance is presented with diagnostic considerations of different types of spinal hematomas. A laminectomy from D3 to D6 was performed and a large epidural hematoma from D1 to D8 was evacuated.

Antonio Javier, García Medina; Grecia María, Giniebra Marín; Juan Carlos, Bermejo Sánchez.

184

Hematoma espinal / Spinal hematoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hematoma epidural espinal es un hallazgo poco frecuente en la práctica médica. Se presenta un caso de una paciente portadora en la región dorsal, donde su forma de presentación también se consideró muy inhabitual y confusa; esta debutó con un dolor precordial con irradiación del brazo izquierdo, [...] la espalda y el estómago, instaurándose después una mielitis transversa dorsal. Se presenta el resultado de la resonancia magnética nuclear dorsal, con consideraciones diagnósticas de los diferentes tipos de hematomas espinales. Se realizó una laminectomía desde D3 a D6 y se evacuó un extenso hematoma epidural desde D1 a D8. Abstract in english Epidural spinal hematoma is an infrequent finding in medical practice. A case of a female patient suffering from a pain in the dorsal region, with its way of presentation was also considered as an unusual and confuse occurrence; it started with precordial pain irradiating left arm, back and stomach, [...] establishing a dorsal transverse myelitis. The result of a nuclear magnetic resonance is presented with diagnostic considerations of different types of spinal hematomas. A laminectomy from D3 to D6 was performed and a large epidural hematoma from D1 to D8 was evacuated.

Antonio Javier, García Medina; Grecia María, Giniebra Marín; Juan Carlos, Bermejo Sánchez.

2013-04-01

185

Hematoma suprarrenal Suprarrenal hematoma  

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Full Text Available La hemorragia suprarrenal asintomática del neonato es relativamente frecuente y muchas veces se detecta como una calcificación local después de que se resuelve el hematoma. La forma sintomática es rara y, a menudo, se debe a un trauma obstétrico relacionado con la macrosomía fetal, la presentación podálica, la diabetes materna o la hipoxia perinatal. Las manifestaciones clínicas son, principalmente, una masa abdominal y anemia importante; el diagnóstico se confirma con la imaginología. Se presentan dos casos de hematoma suprarrenal derecho tratados en el Hospital Universitario de Cartagena, ambos relacionados con un parto traumático y acompañados de cefalohematomas; uno de ellos presentó sangrado gastrointestinal alto y el otro infección del hematoma suprarrenal. El diagnóstico se comprobó con la ecografía abdominal y se verificó con la tomografía. El tratamiento fue médico y no se requirió cirugía a pesar de la anemia severa que presentó uno de los pacientes. Neonatal asymptomatic suprarrenal hemorrhage is relatively frequent; sometimes it is detected only after resolution when a calcification is found; symptomatic forms are rare; most times hemorrhage and hematoma are due to an obstetric trauma and are related to macrosomia, breech presentation, maternal diabetes and neonatal hypoxia. Clinical picture is characterized by abdominal mass and anemia; diagnosis is confirmed by imagenology. Two patients with suprarrenal hematoma from the University Hospital at Cartagena, Colombia, are presented. Both were related with traumatic delivery and cephalohematoma; one of them had oral and gastric bleeding and the othersuffered hematoma infection; diagnosis was done with abdominal ecography and CAT. Both patients recovered with medical treatment.

Concepción Guardo B.

1996-04-01

186

Bilateral Ureteral Stones and Spontaneous Perirenal Hematoma in a Patient with Chronic Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura  

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Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an immune thrombocytopenia with a usually benign clinical course. Bleedings are mostly of the mucocutaneous type with mild symptoms. Massive bleedings requiring transfusion are rarely seen, unless the number of platelets decreases to extremely low levels. In this case, bilateral perirenal hematoma and bilateral distal ureteral stones were detected on a non-contrast computed tomography scan of a 57-year-old male patient who developed macroscopic hem...

Akyu?z, Mehmet; C?al?s?kan, Selahattin; Kaya, Cevdet

2012-01-01

187

Percutaneous drainage of a postoperative intraspinal hematoma using a Tuohy needle  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 78-year-old man developed a large subdural hematoma extending from T12 to L3 levels following L3 laminectomy and L3-5 posterior spinal fusion. He had associated neurological signs and symptoms. MR imaging showed typical signal characteristics of a subacute intraspinal subdural hematoma. Percutaneous drainage was successfully performed under CT guidance by inserting a Tuohy needle through the L3 laminectomy defect. The catheter packaged with the Tuohy needle was inserted cranially into the hematoma and 30 ml of blood was aspirated. Follow-up MR imaging confirmed resolution of the hematoma and the patient made a rapid recovery. (orig.)

188

Percutaneous drainage of a postoperative intraspinal hematoma using a Tuohy needle  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A 78-year-old man developed a large subdural hematoma extending from T12 to L3 levels following L3 laminectomy and L3-5 posterior spinal fusion. He had associated neurological signs and symptoms. MR imaging showed typical signal characteristics of a subacute intraspinal subdural hematoma. Percutaneous drainage was successfully performed under CT guidance by inserting a Tuohy needle through the L3 laminectomy defect. The catheter packaged with the Tuohy needle was inserted cranially into the hematoma and 30 ml of blood was aspirated. Follow-up MR imaging confirmed resolution of the hematoma and the patient made a rapid recovery. (orig.)

Teo, Harvey E.L. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, KK Women' s and Children' s Hospital (Singapore); Peh, Wilfred C.G. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, KK Women' s and Children' s Hospital (Singapore); Programme Office, Singapore Health Services, 7 Hospital Drive 02-09, 169611 (Singapore); Tan, Seang Beng [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital (Singapore)

2003-10-01

189

2-[18?F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG positron-emission tomography (PET findings of chronic expanding intrapericardial hematoma: a potential interpretive pitfall that mimics a malignant tumor  

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Full Text Available Abstract A 77-year-old man who had undergone mitral valve replacement 5 years previously presented with an intrapericardial mass. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed that the mass lesion contained hematoma components. Positron-emission tomography (PET with 2-[18?F] fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG revealed uptake in the peripheral rim of the mass. These findings suggested the presence of hematoma associated with a malignant lesion. Surgical resection was performed, and the histological diagnosis was chronic expanding intrapericardial hematoma without neoplastic changes. Chronic expanding intrapericardial hematoma is a rare disease but should be considered when an expanding mass is found in a patient after cardiac surgery. The FDG-PET findings of chronic expanding hematomas, including FDG uptake in the peripheral rim of the mass as a result of inflammation, should be recognized as a potential interpretive pitfall that mimics a malignant tumor.

Tokue Hiroyuki

2013-01-01

190

Subdural abscess in infant and child  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two cases of subdural abscess in infant and child treated with irrigation via burr holes were reported. The first case was a 1.4-year-old boy with right hemiparesis and mental retardation since severe head trauma at 9 months old. The patient with manifested with an acute onset of high fever followed by disturbance of consciousness and convulsive seizures 2.5 months prior to admission to our department. During admission in the other hospital, the diagnosis of septicemia caused by E. coli was made by blood cultures when CT scan demonstrated a huge lentiform low density area over the right hemisphere and contralateral crescent low density area. The low density area on the right side was well circumscribed by high density rim which was enhanced by contrast medium. Under the diagnosis of bilateral subdural abscess secondary to septicemia caused by E. coli, irrigation of the purulent cavity was carried out. The contralateral low density area was found to be chronic subdural effusion. The second case of 3-month-old infant who complained of high fever, neck stiffness, unconsciousness and right hemiconvulsions 8 days prior to admission. CT scan showed bilateral crescent low density areas indicating subdural effusion. Subdural punctures performed via the fontanelle revealed pus in the left subdural space and xanthocromic fluid in the right side. The low density area on CT scan was changed to the lentiform high density area circumscribed smooth high density rim during the course smooth high density rim during the course of the patient. The subdural abscess was treated with irrigation via burr holes. In this report, the etiology of the subdural abscess and route of infection in addition to follow up study of CT findings were presented with the literature. (author)

191

Acute spinal subdural haematoma complicating lumbar decompressive surgery  

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Study design: A case report.Objective: To report a rare case of acute spinal subdural hematoma (SSH) complicating lumbar spine surgery, its characteristic presenting symptoms, diagnostic imaging, possible cause, and pitfall in management.Methods: A 59-year-old woman with lumbar spinal instability and stenosis underwent laminectomy and decompression at L3-L5 with instrumentation and fusion from L3-S1.Results: Immediately following surgery, the patient presented with incapacitating pain of both...

Chang, Kc; Wong, Yw; Samartzis, D.; Cheung, Kmc; Luk, Kdk

2011-01-01

192

Subdural empyema in children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Subdural Empyema in infants and children might be life threatening if not managed properly. A search of the Pub Med database was carried out using a combination of the following terms: Subdural empyema, children, and management. Neurosurgical textbooks were reviewed as well. The prevalence, etiology, clinical features, investigations and management of SDE are reviewed in this article. Conservative management with antibiotics and follow up imaging is recommended if there are no focal deficits, change in mental status or if the patient is responding well to antibiotics. Alternatively, craniotomy is warranted in addition to antibiotics therapy. The surgeon might opt for burr holes in case the patient is frail or in septic shock. PMID:24171874

Hendaus, Mohammed A

2013-11-01

193

Subdural Empyema in Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Subdural Empyema in infants and children might be life threatening if not managed properly. A search of the Pub Med database was carried out using a combination of the following terms: Subdural empyema, children, and management. Neurosurgical textbooks were reviewed as well. The prevalence, etiology, clinical features, investigations and management of SDE are reviewed in this article. Conservative management with antibiotics and follow up imaging is recommended if there are no focal deficits, change in mental status or if the patient is responding well to antibiotics. Alternatively, craniotomy is warranted in addition to antibiotics therapy. The surgeon might opt for burr holes in case the patient is frail or in septic shock.

Mohammed A. Hendaus

2013-07-01

194

Arachnoid cyst of the middle fossa and subdural hygroma: an uncommon association  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The middle fossa is the most common site for arachnoid cysts and the presence of subdural hematomas has been well-established. Occasionally, as a consequence of mild cranial trauma, or even spontaneously, the capsule of the cyst can be damaged, allowing part of the contents to empty into the extra cerebral compartment. We present two cases of congenital arachnoid cysts of middle fossa media complicated by subdural hygroma and intracranial hypertension, and we discuss the possible mechanisms involved in this uncommon association. 9 refs

195

Rotura de quiste aracnoideo tras traumatismo craneoencefálico leve: Exposición de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Traumatic rupture of arachnoid cyst resulting in acute subdural haematoma: Case report and literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La presencia de un hematoma subdural (HSD) en personas ancianas no constituye un hallazgo inusual, aunque puede ser objeto de complejas consideraciones medicolegales cuando se produce el fallecimiento tras un traumatismo leve reciente. Presentamos el caso de una mujer adulta añosa (87 años) que es a [...] sistida en un servicio de urgencia hospitalario tras sufrir traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE) por caída en una residencia de la tercera edad, al presentar deterioro progresivo del nivel de conciencia y anisocoria transcurridas varias horas desde el trauma. Se practica tomografía axial computerizada (TAC) craneal sin contraste donde se aprecian lesiones compatibles con HSD crónico con resangrado. El estudio neuropatológico pone de manifiesto la existencia de un HSD agudo sobre quiste aracnoideo roto, hipertensión intracraneal, enclavamiento y hemorragias compatibles con daño axonal difuso grado III. Abstract in english The presence of a subdural hematoma (SDH) in aging people is not uncommon, although it can be the cause of complex medicolegal deliberations when death occurs after a recent head trauma. We present the case of an old woman (87 years old) who is attended in a hospital emergency service after sufferin [...] g a fall with closed head injury, because of progressive stupor and anisocoria several hours later. A chronic SDH with new hemorrhage was diagnosed in a cranial computerized tomography (CT) without contrast. The neuropathological examination showed an acute SDH, arachnoid cyst elements, raised intracraneal pressure lesions with Duret hemorrhage and hemorrhages characteristic of grade III diffuse axonal injury.

F., Moreno Cantero; MP., Suárez Mier; L., Abad Ortiz.

196

Rotura de quiste aracnoideo tras traumatismo craneoencefálico leve: Exposición de un caso y revisión de la literatura Traumatic rupture of arachnoid cyst resulting in acute subdural haematoma: Case report and literature review  

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Full Text Available La presencia de un hematoma subdural (HSD en personas ancianas no constituye un hallazgo inusual, aunque puede ser objeto de complejas consideraciones medicolegales cuando se produce el fallecimiento tras un traumatismo leve reciente. Presentamos el caso de una mujer adulta añosa (87 años que es asistida en un servicio de urgencia hospitalario tras sufrir traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE por caída en una residencia de la tercera edad, al presentar deterioro progresivo del nivel de conciencia y anisocoria transcurridas varias horas desde el trauma. Se practica tomografía axial computerizada (TAC craneal sin contraste donde se aprecian lesiones compatibles con HSD crónico con resangrado. El estudio neuropatológico pone de manifiesto la existencia de un HSD agudo sobre quiste aracnoideo roto, hipertensión intracraneal, enclavamiento y hemorragias compatibles con daño axonal difuso grado III.The presence of a subdural hematoma (SDH in aging people is not uncommon, although it can be the cause of complex medicolegal deliberations when death occurs after a recent head trauma. We present the case of an old woman (87 years old who is attended in a hospital emergency service after suffering a fall with closed head injury, because of progressive stupor and anisocoria several hours later. A chronic SDH with new hemorrhage was diagnosed in a cranial computerized tomography (CT without contrast. The neuropathological examination showed an acute SDH, arachnoid cyst elements, raised intracraneal pressure lesions with Duret hemorrhage and hemorrhages characteristic of grade III diffuse axonal injury.

F. Moreno Cantero

2005-01-01

197

Extracerebral hematoma and parenchymal lesion in computerized tomography of pediatric patients with severe head injury  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifty children (13 years of age or under) with acute, severe head injury were analyzed, with special reference to the relations between initial computerized tomography (CT) findings, clinical severity, and outcome. The severity and the outcome were evaluated using the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), respectively, adoption of GCS scoring being restricted to patients 3 years of age or over. Twenty-three patients (46 %) showed extracerebral hematomas. The most common extracerebral hematoma was the acute subdural hematoma, which comprised 24 % of the cases; epidural hematomas were found in 9 cases (18 %). These figures coincided with the reported results of adult cases in severe head injury. All the epidural hematoma cases showed ''normal'' parenchymal lesion, and carried less clinical severity and better outcome. This might suggest that more trivial injury would cause the epidural hematoma in children than in adults. Hemispheric swelling was commonly seen in patients with acute subdural hematoma and was generally associated with low GCS scores (mean 4.8) and poor outcome (63 % mortality). Compared with that in adults, hemorrhagic lesion in children was less often associated with extracerebral hematoma, and the outcome and severity of the cases with this lesion depended mainly on the multiplicity and the location of the hemorrhage. Eleven cases fulfilled the criteria of diffuse cerebral swelling, namely, slit-like ventricles and obliterated perimesencephalic cisterns, and only one had an associated subdural hematoma. Forty-two patients (84 %) achieved a good recovery or a moderate disability. None were severely disabled or vegetative, and the overall mortality rate was 16 %. Patients with GCS scores of 3 to 5 were uniformly poor in outcome (60 % of mortality), regardless of parenchymal lesions, whereas those with GCS scores of 6 to 8 had only 8 % mortality. (J.P.N.)

198

Hidroma subdural na fossa posterior Subdural hydroma of posterior fossa  

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Full Text Available Os autores relatam um caso de hidroma subdural na fossa craniana posterior conseqüente a traumatismo na região occipital. O paciente foi operado com pleno sucesso. A raridade da localização de hidroma na fossa posterior é salientada, sendo discutidos os possíveis mecanismos etio-patogênicos.A case of subdural hydroma in the posterior fossa is reported. The patient who had suffered an occipital traumatism was sucessfully operated. The rarity of the sub-tentorial hidromas is enphazised. The etiopathogenesis is discussed.

José Carlos Vasques

1970-03-01

199

Traumatic Aortic Intramural Hematoma  

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Full Text Available Blunt traumatic aortic injury is a life threatening condition with a mortality rate of 30%. Aortic injury commonly involves the thoracic aorta with pseudoaneurysm and intramural hematoma. Aortic intramural hematoma is a dissection without an intimal tear. Intramural aortic hematoma is an uncommon but potentially lethal aortic disease. TEE, CT, MRI and Multidetector CT can ensure a rapid and accurate diagnosis of intramural hematoma. Management of traumatic aortic intramural hematoma is not well defined in the literature. Significant intramural aortic hematoma in stable patients may remain stable on follow-up imaging. In this study we present a traumatic aortic intramural hematoma which resolved with conservative treatment in a 36 year old man who fell from a height.

Mehmet Özgür Erdo?an

2013-03-01

200

Magnetic resonance imaging of intracranial hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A sequential MR scan was performed on 21 patients with intracranial hematoma, and simultaneously the T1 values of the hematomas were calculated. The T1 value of a hematoma was found to be longer than that of the white matter in the acute phase, but it soon becomes as short as that of the white matter (7 - 10 day after). After several days, the T1 value again gradually becomes longer. In the experiment, 30 ml of fresh blood (15 samples) were stored at room temperature, and a sequential MR scan and the calculation of the T1 were performed over a period of 20 days. In vitro, most of the T1 values were long, but there was much variation on the first day. A shortening of the T1 was observed as well in vivo, and after this shortening, no prolongation of the T1 was observed. Perhaps the shortening of T1 was caused by the denaturation of the hemoglobin to methemoglobin and by the coagulation of the blood. The lysis and absorption of the hematoma may, on the other hand, cause the prolongation of the T1 in vitro. For the diagnosis of intracranial hematoma, CT was found to be a method superior to MRI, especially in the acute phase. However, MRI gives us more information about hematoma (concerning the denaturation of the hemoglobin to methemoglobin, the lysis and absorption of the hematoma, the range of hemorrhagic tissue and edema, etc.) than does CT. An IR (T1-weighted)an does CT. An IR (T1-weighted) image shows a good contrast between the hematoma and the surrounding tissue (hemorrhagic tissue, edema) in the early phase. On the other hand, the SE (T2-weighted) image informs us of the lesion when the hematoma is low ? isodense on the CT in the chronic phase. (author)

 
 
 
 
201

Magnetic resonance imaging of intracranial hematoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A sequential MR scan was performed on 21 patients with intracranial hematoma, and simultaneously the T/sub 1/ values of the hematomas were calculated. The T/sub 1/ value of a hematoma was found to be longer than that of the white matter in the acute phase, but it soon becomes as short as that of the white matter (7 - 10 day after). After several days, the T/sub 1/ value again gradually becomes longer. In the experiment, 30 ml of fresh blood (15 samples) were stored at room temperature, and a sequential MR scan and the calculation of the T/sub 1/ were performed over a period of 20 days. In vitro, most of the T/sub 1/ values were long, but there was much variation on the first day. A shortening of the T/sub 1/ was observed as well in vivo, and after this shortening, no prolongation of the T/sub 1/ was observed. Perhaps the shortening of T/sub 1/ was caused by the denaturation of the hemoglobin to methemoglobin and by the coagulation of the blood. The lysis and absorption of the hematoma may, on the other hand, cause the prolongation of the T/sub 1/ in vitro. For the diagnosis of intracranial hematoma, CT was found to be a method superior to MRI, especially in the acute phase. However, MRI gives us more information about hematoma (concerning the denaturation of the hemoglobin to methemoglobin, the lysis and absorption of the hematoma, the range of hemorrhagic tissue and edema, etc.) than does CT. An IR (T/sub 1/-weighted) image shows a good contrast between the hematoma and the surrounding tissue (hemorrhagic tissue, edema) in the early phase. On the other hand, the SE (T/sub 2/-weighted) image informs us of the lesion when the hematoma is low approx. isodense on the CT in the chronic phase.

Todoroki, Koji; Asakura, Tetsuhiko; Uetsuhara, Koichi; Kadota, Koki; Komasaku, Ryuichiro; Kanemaru, Reizou; Fujimoto, Toshirou; Yamamoto, Kunimitsu

1987-12-01

202

Hematoma epidural subagudo / Subacute epidural hematoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se presenta el caso de un paciente con hematoma epidural subagudo, temporoparietal derecho, secundario a una agresión física. En el cuadro clínico, a las 24 h, predominó la cefalea de intensidad moderada, con somnolencia y agitación psicomotora ligera. Las radiografías simples de cráneo no mostraron [...] alteraciones. Los síntomas se mantuvieron a pesar del tratamiento médico, por lo que se realizó una tomografía axial simple de cráneo que mostró la presencia de un hematoma epidural subagudo temporoparietal derecho, con desplazamiento de estructuras de la línea media. Se realizó una craneotomía temporoparietal derecha para la evacuación del hematoma posterior. El paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente y se recuperó por completo, tanto clínica como imaginológicamente. Abstract in english This is the case of a patient presenting with right temporoparietal subacute hematoma secondary to a physical act of aggression. In clinical picture at 24 hours there was predominance of headache of moderate intensity with drowsiness and slight psychomotor restlessness. The skull single radiographie [...] s didn't show alterations. Symptoms remained despite the medical treatment, thus a single skull axial tomography was carried out showing the presence of a right temporoparietal subacute epidural hematoma with displacement from the middle line structures. A right temporoparietal craniotomy was carried out to evacuation of the posterior hematoma. Patient evolved satisfactorily with a total recovery as much clinical as imaging.

Yvei, González Orlandi; Luis, Elizondo Barrier; Reinel, Junco Martín; Jorge, Rojas Manresa; Víctor, Duboy Limonta; Alberto, Pérez Villafuerte.

203

Hematoma epidural subagudo Subacute epidural hematoma  

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Full Text Available Se presenta el caso de un paciente con hematoma epidural subagudo, temporoparietal derecho, secundario a una agresión física. En el cuadro clínico, a las 24 h, predominó la cefalea de intensidad moderada, con somnolencia y agitación psicomotora ligera. Las radiografías simples de cráneo no mostraron alteraciones. Los síntomas se mantuvieron a pesar del tratamiento médico, por lo que se realizó una tomografía axial simple de cráneo que mostró la presencia de un hematoma epidural subagudo temporoparietal derecho, con desplazamiento de estructuras de la línea media. Se realizó una craneotomía temporoparietal derecha para la evacuación del hematoma posterior. El paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente y se recuperó por completo, tanto clínica como imaginológicamente.This is the case of a patient presenting with right temporoparietal subacute hematoma secondary to a physical act of aggression. In clinical picture at 24 hours there was predominance of headache of moderate intensity with drowsiness and slight psychomotor restlessness. The skull single radiographies didn't show alterations. Symptoms remained despite the medical treatment, thus a single skull axial tomography was carried out showing the presence of a right temporoparietal subacute epidural hematoma with displacement from the middle line structures. A right temporoparietal craniotomy was carried out to evacuation of the posterior hematoma. Patient evolved satisfactorily with a total recovery as much clinical as imaging.

Yvei González Orlandi

2011-03-01

204

Hidroma subdural na fossa posterior / Subdural hydroma of posterior fossa  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os autores relatam um caso de hidroma subdural na fossa craniana posterior conseqüente a traumatismo na região occipital. O paciente foi operado com pleno sucesso. A raridade da localização de hidroma na fossa posterior é salientada, sendo discutidos os possíveis mecanismos etio-patogênicos. [...] Abstract in english A case of subdural hydroma in the posterior fossa is reported. The patient who had suffered an occipital traumatism was sucessfully operated. The rarity of the sub-tentorial hidromas is enphazised. The etiopathogenesis is discussed. [...

José Carlos, Vasques; Mário F., Coutinho.

205

Acute aggravation of subdural fluid collection associated with dural metastasis of malignant neoplasms: case report and review of the literature.  

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A 63-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with serious headache and vomiting. Five months before admission, she had undergone surgery for a primary advanced gastric cancer. Neuroradiological examinations revealed subdural fluid collection. We twice performed evacuation of the subdural fluid collection. However, aggravation of her state of consciousness progressed and she passed away. Histological examinations demonstrated that the dural veins were infiltrated by numerous tumor cells that produced mucus; however, ruptured vessels were not found. Furthermore, the subdural fluid collection increased shortly after the initial operation. We infer that the cause of the collection, which was associated with the dural metastasis of malignant tumors, was not only mucin secretion by tumor cells but also a rapid increase in perfusion pressure in the vessels of the dura mater, resulting in extravasation of plasma components into the subdural space. Our case demonstrates that the pathogenetic mechanism that is specific for subdural fluid collection caused by dural metastasis of malignant tumors differs from the mechanism of production of subdural hematoma associated with dural metastasis. PMID:24036578

Kimura, Shigeyoshi; Kotani, Akio; Takimoto, Toshiro; Yoshino, Atsuo; Katayama, Yoichi

2014-10-01

206

Craneotomía limitada para el tratamiento de los hematomas traumáticos agudos en el adulto mayor / Limited craniotomy as treatment of acute traumatic hematoma in the elderly  

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Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamento: el tratamiento quirúrgico de los hematomas yuxtadurales traumáticos en el adulto mayor es un tema complejo y controversial por la elevada mortalidad que lo acompaña. Objetivo: presentar los resultados preliminares de la aplicación de la craneotomía limitada para la evacuación de los hema [...] tomas yuxtadurales traumáticos agudos en el adulto mayor. Método: estudio descriptivo de los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de los hematomas yuxtadurales traumáticos agudos en 19 pacientes con 60 años y más, atendidos por el Servicio de Neurocirugía del Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech, en el período de enero de 2008 a diciembre de 2010. Resultados: en 17 pacientes la Tomografía Axial Computarizada de cráneo mostró la presencia de hematomas subdurales agudos hemisféricos. El 58.8 % de los pacientes con hematoma subdural agudo y el 100 % con hematomas intracerebrales fallecieron. Se realizaron 18 craneotomías limitadas, logró sobrevivir el 39 % de los pacientes. Conclusiones: la realización de la craneotomía limitada para la evacuación de este tipo de lesiones primarias, en esta serie, mostró resultados alentadores, poco menos de la mitad de los pacientes lograron sobrevivir con buen pronóstico por lo que se considera es una opción terapéutica a tener en cuenta pendiente de evaluar sus resultados en futuras investigaciones. Abstract in english The surgical treatment of traumatic hematomas in the elderly is a complex and controversial topic due to its associated high mortality rate. Objective: the purpose of this article is to present the preliminary findings on the use of limited craniotomy for the evacuation acute juxtadural traumatic he [...] matomas in the elderly. Method: a descriptive study on the surgical treatment results of acute juxtadural traumatic hematomas was conducted involving 19 elderly patients of 60 years and over treated in the Neurosurgical service at the University Hospital “Manuel Ascunce Domenech” from January 2008 to December 2010. Results: CAT scan results revealed the presence of acute hemispheric subdural hematomas in 17 patients. The 58,8 % of patients diagnosed with acute subdural hematoma as well as the 100 % of those with intracerebral hematomas died. Eighteen limited craniotomies were performed with a 39 % survival rate. Conclusion: this research reveals promising preliminary results for limited craniotomy as the treatment of choice for these primary lesions, owing to the fact that close to 40 % of patients who had this treatment survived with good prognosis what is considered as a therapeutic option pending to assess its results in future research.

Gretel, Mosquera Betancourt; Ariel, Varela Hernández; Denis, Suárez Monné; Yanmara, Bethartes Sotomayor.

207

Delayed traumatic hematomas of the brain: the early manifestations of CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To study the CT manifestations of delayed traumatic hematomas of the brain and evaluate their diagnostic significance in predicting the delayed traumatic brain hematoma. Methods: The manifestations of initial CT studies and follow-up CT examinations of 31 delayed traumatic brain hematomas were analyzed. Another 50 CT studies of head trauma without delayed brain hematomas were included randomly as control. Results: The abnormal findings of CT studies of the 31 delayed traumatic brain hematomas included: (1) Decreased density of the local brain parenchyma and disappeared difference between gray and white matter of the same area in 18 cases; (2) Local subarachnoid space hemorrhage in 24 cases; (3) Slight mass effect of local brain parenchyma in 16 cases. (4) Subdural hematoma in 9 cases. The locations of the abnormalities were roughly the same with the delayed hematoma except one local subarachnoid space hemorrhage, which was in the opposite of the delayed hematoma. The appearing rate of those abnormal findings in the control group was low and the difference was statistically significant. Conclusion: The decrease of density of local brain parenchyma, the disappeared difference between the gray and white matter, local subarachnoid space hemorrhage, and local swollen of brain presented in the initial CT study of the patient with heat trauma should be taken as indicators of delayed hemorrhage of the same area of brain, and it is necessary to do follow-up CT studid it is necessary to do follow-up CT studies to exclude it

208

Hematoma traumático del psoas  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los hematomas del psoas se suelen observar en pacientes con hemofilia u otras discrasias sanguíneas y como complicación de tratamientos anticoagulantes. Con menor frecuencia se pueden ver en personas sanas, debido a la rotura traumática del músculo. Por similares causas se producen hematomas del mús [...] culo ilíaco. La parálisis del nervio femoral es la complicación más grave y frecuente de ambas afecciones. Es habitual denominar a estos cuadros como hematomas del iliopsoas y considerarlos en conjunto por las características anatómicas, etiológicas, patológicas y clínicas que presentan. Describimos el caso de un niño de 12 años y 8 meses de edad, sin coagulopatía conocida, que padeció un hematoma del psoas de origen traumático. Abstract in english Psoas hematomas are usually seen in patients with hemophilia or other blood dyscrasias, and as a complication of anticoagulant treatments. With less frequency they may be found in healthy persons as a result of traumatic muscle rupture. Similar causes produce hematomas in the iliac muscle. The paral [...] ysis of the femoral nerve is the most serious and frequent complication in both conditions. These clinical pictures are often referred to as iliopsoas hematoma and they are generally considered together owing to the anatomic, etiologic, pathologic and clinical features that present. We describe a boy of 12 years and 8 month old, with no coagulopathy, who suffered a psoas hematoma of traumatic origin.

Roberto, Rocco; Laura, Benedetti; Cecilia, Pannocchia; Horacio, Miscione.

209

Rapid enlargement of subdural haematoma.  

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Full Text Available A case of subdural haematoma (SDH having atypical features (headache, vomiting, drowsiness but normal haematological and metabolic parameters and no localising neurological signs is reported. The SDH rapidly enlarged and liquefied in five days as evident on computerised tomographic (CT scan and operative findings. Rapid improvement was observed following this. Abnormally excessive fibrinolytic activity in the SDH is a possible cause.

Bhavani R

1994-01-01

210

Infratentorial subdural empyemas mimicking pyogenic meningitis.  

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Infratentorial subdural empyema is an extremely rare condition which unfortunately mimics pyogenic meningitis in 75% of cases. While an ill-planned lumbar puncture in these cases may be fatal, an inadvertent delay in treatment may be detrimental to the outcome for the patient. We present a case of a young boy with long standing history of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) presenting with an infratentorial empyema with features suggestive of pyogenic meningitis. We also review the available literature to further define the condition in terms of clinical features, treatment options, and outcome. A misdiagnosis of this condition with failure to institute appropriate surgical intervention and antibiotic therapy is potentially life threatening. We highlight this rare condition which requires a high degree of suspicion especially in the presence of associated risk factors. PMID:23914110

Gupta, Anurag; Karanth, Suman S; Raja, A

2013-04-01

211

Placement of a subdural evacuating port system for management of iatrogenic hyperacute subdural hemorrhage following intracranial monitor placement.  

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A 22-year-old man was admitted with a severe traumatic brain injury developed a hyperacute subdural hematoma (SDH) following attempted brain tissue oxygen monitor placement. This patient was successfully treated by placement of a subdural evacuation portal system (SEPS). The patient presented to a Level I trauma center after a severe bike versus auto accident. On admission, he was found to have a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 3. The patient had small areas of intraparechymal hemorrhage as well as suspicion for diffuse axonal injury in the midbrain. Based on the patient's GCS score, neurological monitoring was indicated as a part of his intensive care unit treatment, however a SDH occurred during an attempted placement of a brain tissue oxygen monitor. This iatrogenic hyperacute SDH after burr hole monitoring device placement was treated with a SEPS drain. The SEPS drain has been shown to provide complete and/or temporary decompression of liquefied SDH. To our knowledge, this is the first report of using the SEPS to treat iatrogenic SDH associated with an intracranial monitoring device. This technique should be added to the armament of treatment options for a neurosurgeon to treat or temporize a hyperacute SDH with increased intracranial pressure in specific patients. PMID:24090520

Ivan, Michael E; Nathan, Jay K; Manley, Geoffery T; Huang, Michael C

2013-12-01

212

Hematoma intramural esofágico / Esophageal intramural hematoma  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hematoma intramural esofágico es infrecuente, existiendo pocos casos registrados en la literatura. Generalmente se presenta posterior a un trauma, por ejemplo asociado a procedimientos endoscópicos (escleroterapia), o en forma espontánea. La presentación clínica más frecuente es la tríada de dolo [...] r torácico, odinofagia/disfagia y/o hematemesis. Generalmente el tratamiento consiste en un manejo expectante con medidas de soporte habitual. Se exponen 2 casos clínicos presentados en nuestro centro durante el año 2009 y se realiza una revisión de la literatura. Abstract in english The most common presentation of esophageal hematoma is pain, dysphagia and hematemesis. We report two patients with the condition. A 77 years old female presenting with retrosternal pain and odynophagia after ingesting a pig bone. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a lineal hematoma, protrud [...] ing to the lumen in the upper portion of the esophagus. The patient was managed with nil per os (NPO) and parenteral hydration and discharged 72 hours later. An 87 years old male presenting with two episodes of hematemesis and weight loss, an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a dissecting hematoma involving the entire esophageal wall. The patient was managed with NPO and hydration and discharged in good conditions 11 days after admission.

Juan J, Lombardi A; Ignacio, González M; Javiera, Valdivieso A; Ismael, Correa L; Carolina, Heredia P.

213

Subacute epidural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the case of a patient presenting with right temporoparietal subacute hematoma secondary to a physical act of aggression. In clinical picture at 24 hours there was predominance of headache of moderate intensity with drowsiness and slight psychomotor restlessness. The skull single radiographies didn't show alterations. Symptoms remained despite the medical treatment, thus a single skull axial tomography was carried out showing the presence of a right temporoparietal subacute epidural hematoma with displacement from the middle line structures. A right temporoparietal craniotomy was carried out to evacuation of the posterior hematoma. Patient evolved satisfactorily with a total recovery as much clinical as imaging. (author)

214

Computed tomographic evolution of post-traumatic subdural hygroma in young adults  

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The authors report on two cases of post-traumatic subdural hygroma that were encountered in young adults. Serial computed tomograms were taken immediately following trauma and for more than 4 weeks thereafter. In the case of a 28-year-old man with a skull fracture, an initial CT scan revealed a thin crescentic subdural collection in the right frontal area. A successive CT scan on the 36th postoperative day revealed developed subdural hygroma, and the CSF-like fluid was surgically evacuated. In the second case, involving an 18-year-old man, a very thin bifrontal subdural collection was found on the initial CT scan, and on the 15th post-traumatic day CT scan demonstrated a bifrontal subdural hygroma. No surgical treatment was carried out, and the follow-up CT scan on the 29th post-traumatic day demonstrated no change in size. The two young patients were slightly symptomatic during the period involved, and the repeat unenchanced CT scans showed subdural lesions of less than brain density, even in the chronic stage. (orig.)

215

Acute subdural haematoma : a reappraisal.  

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Full Text Available Acute subdural haematoma is a well-entrenched nosological entity implying subdural collection of blood following acute head injury. Pathologically, it is usually associated with or, for that matter, secondary to cerebral contusion and laceration. Based on cumulated experience, clinical and pathological studies it is proposed that, for too long the neurosurgeons have put emphasis on the clot rather than the totality of the pathological anatomy and that they have focused their therapeutic strategy on removal of the accumulated blood, unmindful of the associated parenchymatous lesion. Not surprisingly, such attempts have been associated with a very high mortality. On the basis of nearly four decades of personal experience and critical review of the literature, evidence has been provided that to reduce the mortality associated with this condition, it is necessary to evolve a strategy, not only to evacuate the blood but comprehensively deal with the associated parenchymatous lesions and the cascade of secondary insult to the underlying brain.

Tandon P

2001-01-01

216

Epidural hematoma confirmed by contrast enhancement in computed tomography  

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Four cases of chronic epidural hematomas confirmed only by contrast enhancement are presented. In two cases, hematomas were found in the posterior fossa, in one, in both supra- and infratentorial regions, and in the remaining one, in the supratentorial region. Noncontrast CT failed to show the biconvex high-density area typical of an acute epidural hematoma. One supratentorial and two posterior fossa hematomas were definitely diagnosed only after an injection of the contrast medium. In the remaining one with combined supra- and infratentorial hematomas, a hematoma in the right occipital region was diagnosed on plain CT alone, but the left supratentorial lesion was confirmed only after the injection of an iodinated contrast medium. The mechanisms responsible for the enhancement of the margin of the chronic epidural hematoma are discussed. The dura mater in close contract with the inner table of the skull is usually not seen on the enhanced CT. The falx and tentorium are ordinarily well enhanced, however, and in patients who have undergone bone-flap removal, the dura mater without any juxtaposed skull is enhanced. It may be supposed that the enhanced margin as seen in chronic epidural hematoma represents either the enhanced dura mater displaced from the inner table of the skull, with or without overlying granulation tissue, or the compressed and congested brain underneath the hematoma, or both. An extravasation of the iodine from the immature neovasculature of the granum the immature neovasculature of the granulation tissue may prove to play an important role. The importance of the contrast enhancement in CT scanning of selected patients in chronic stage after the head injury is stressed. (author)

217

Calcified epidural hematoma in pediatric age group: A report of two cases  

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The authors present a rare case of calcified (ossified) chronic epidural hematoma developed in a six-and-a-half-year-old female patient who was operated for cerebellar astrocytoma 6 months earlier. There was no history of trauma. Ossified epidural hematoma was seen as an incidental finding in the follow-up in computed tomography scan after 6 months of primary glioma surgery. Ossified chronic epidural hematoma with thick collagenous wall and newly formed bone on dura was excised. The developme...

Trivedi, A.; Hiran, S.

2010-01-01

218

Occlusive intraluminal hematoma  

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We report an unusual case of a 10-month-old girl who developed partial small-bowel obstruction caused by an intraluminal hematoma within the terminal ileum. Passage of bright red blood through her rectum prompted radiologic evaluation with computed tomography, barium enema, and ultrasound. These revealed an avascular right lower-quadrant mass within the lumen of the terminal ileum. An exploratory laparotomy was performed, and a large obstructing hematoma was removed. (orig.)

Zangan, Steven M.; Yousefzedah, David K. [Department of Radiology, The University of Chicago Hospitals, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 2026, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

2004-07-01

219

Hematoma postraumático en riñón patológico / Postraumatic hematoma in pathological kidney  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos un caso de hematoma postraumático en un riñón tumoral. El diagnóstico del hematoma fue realizado mediante escáner abdominal pero no así el tipo tumoral. Fue necesario la revisión quirúrgica y posterior estudio patológico para demostrar un angiomiolipoma como causante del hematoma renal. [...] Abstract in english We want to present a case of postraumatic hematoma in a tumoral kidney. The diagnosis of the hematoma was made by abdominal scanner but not the tumor type. It was necessary the chirurgycal review and patological study to demostrate an angiomyolipoma as the cause of the kidney hematoma. [...

M., Allué López; D., Pascual Regueiro; A., García de Jalón Martínez; P., Serrano Frago; P., Gil Martínez; L.A., Rioja Sanz.

220

Hematoma esofágico espontáneo / Spontaneous esophageal hematoma  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hematoma espontáneo del esófago es una manifestación poco frecuente de lesión esofágica. El dolor torácico, la disfagia y la hematemesis son los síntomas más comunes de presentación, los cuales se resuelven espontáneamente en la mayoría de los casos. El conocimiento de esta patología es important [...] e para un manejo adecuado y evitar así las intervenciones quirúrgicas y tratamientos innecesarios Abstract in english Spontaneous intramural hematoma of the esophagus constitutes a rare spectrum of esophageal injuries. Chest pain, difficulty swallowing and hematemesis are the most common symptoms. They resolve spontaneously in most cases. Awareness of this condition is a vital guide for following up these cases and [...] for avoiding inappropriate treatment and unnecessary surgical intervention. We report the case of a patient who presented with chest pain and hematemesis

Javier Alberto, Preciado Aponte; Diego Mauricio, Aponte Martin.

2012-06-30

 
 
 
 
221

Spontaneous intracerebral hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thirty-six cases of so-called spontaneous intracerebral hematoma were analyzed with special reference to clinical signs and symptoms, computerized tomography (CT) scan findings and postoperative courses. Hematomas due to cerebral aneurysms, arterio-venous malformations, blood dyscrasias as well as traumatic and hypertensive intracerebral hematomas were excluded from this series. The patients varied in age from 7 months to 74 years with the mean age of 40 years. Caution must be paid to the fact that the age group of more than 50 years occupied 37% of the whole cases. The lesions were located predominantly in the parietal lobe (52%) and 36% were in the frontal or temporal lobe which had been said the most prevalent site of the lesion. There were 4 hematomas which located in the occipital lobe and all of them were the cases in CT era. CT scan was very useful for the diagnosis of small hematomas, particularly in such regions as parietal or occipital lobe, where arteriography offered insufficient evidence to substantiate the diagnosis of intracerebral hematoma in pre-CT era. However, arteriography should not be neglected in order to detect aneurysms or arteriovenous malformations which could not be visualized by CT scan. Small angiomatous malformations as a cause of hematoma were found in only 7 cases by either arteriography or pathologic examination. In all except 2 patients, craniotomy was carried out and 52% of them returned to their prevenous occupations. In contrast, their prevenous occupations. In contrast, only 4 of 14 patients of more than 50 years could get full social recovery and the postoperative improvement depended on the age of the patient. (author)

222

Arachnoid cysts with intracystic and subdural haematoma  

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Two cases of arachnoid cysts with acute intracystic and subdural haematomas are described. CT examination was performed in both cases, and showed a hyperdense expansion with thinning of the inner table of the skull. The different ways in which subdural haematomas associated with arachnoid cysts may be seen on CT are discussed. (orig.)

223

Spontaneous intracranial extradural hematoma: Case report and literature review  

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Full Text Available Spontaneous extradural hematoma (EDH is an uncommon form of intracranial hematoma and is caused by the adjacent sinus and otic infections, dural vascular malformations and disorders of blood coagulation. We report spontaneous EDH in a 54-year old women with chronic kidney disease (CKD on intermittent hemodialysis. She was successfully managed by conservative treatment. The EDH in her was probably related to the coagulation abnormalities associated with CKD, hemodialysis or heparin use during the dialysis.

Zheng Fan

2009-01-01

224

Traumatic acute intracerebellar hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently, detection of posterior fossa hematomas has been greatly expedited by the advent of computed tomography, however traumatic acute intracerebellar hematomas have remained rare; there have been only 12 cases reported in the literature. Herein we reported a case in which the patient survived after diagnosis and surgical intervention. Documenting our case with analysis of 13 reported cases, including ours, following comments were appeared obvious; the characteristic features of traumatic acute intracerebellar hematoma were occipital contused wound, occipital fracture, headache and vomiting. The patient became progressively or rapidly comatous with respiratory distress. Focal signs of the posterior fossa were not characteristic. The computed tomography was useful in diagnosis and follow-up study. Especially, on the repeated ones, there seemed some relationship between the morphological change or stability of cisterns around the brain stem and clinical course or prognosis. (J.P.N.)

225

Craneotomía limitada para el tratamiento de los hematomas traumáticos agudos en el adulto mayor  

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Full Text Available Fundamento: el tratamiento quirúrgico de los hematomas yuxtadurales traumáticos en el adulto mayor es un tema complejo y controversial por la elevada mortalidad que lo acompaña. Objetivo : presentar los resultados preliminares de la aplicación de la craneotomía limitada para la evacuación de los hematomas yuxtadurales traumáticos agudos en el adulto mayor. M étodo: estudio descriptivo de los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de los hematomas yuxtadurales traumáticos agudos en 19 pacientes con 60 años y más, atendidos por el Servicio de Neurocirugía del Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech, en el período de enero de 2008 a diciembre de 2010. R esultad os : en 17 pacientes la Tomografía Axial Computarizada de cráneo mostró la presencia de hematomas subdurales agudos hemisféricos. El 58.8 % de los pacientes con hematoma subdural agudo y el 100 % con hematomas intracerebrales fallecieron. Se realizaron 18 craneotomías limitadas, logró sobrevivir el 39 % de los pacientes. Conclus iones: la realización de la craneotomía limitada para la evacuación de este tipo de lesiones primarias, en esta serie, mostró resultados alentadores, poco menos de la mitad de los pacientes lograron sobrevivir con buen pronóstico por lo que se considera es una opción terapéutica a tener en cuenta pendiente de evaluar sus resultados en futuras investigaciones.

Gretel Mosquera Betancourt

2011-01-01

226

A ligamentum flavum hematoma presenting as an L5 radiculopathy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study reports two patients with ligamentum flavum hematoma, of which only seven cases have been reported in the literature. Two elderly male patients (74 and 80 years) presented with a history of chronic lumbar strain and effort. They had low back pain radiating to both legs. Their neurologic examination findings were consistent with left L5 root compression. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an epidural mass lesion at L4-L5 that was continuous with the ligamentum flavum. After removal of the hematoma, the symptoms completely resolved. The most common cystic lesion in the lumbar spine is synovial cyst associated with the facet joints, but ligamentum flavum hematoma should be included in the differential diagnosis. The clinical, radiological and surgical features are described. Surgery should be the treatment of choice to resolve symptoms in ligamentum flavum hematoma. PMID:17669655

Kotil, Kadir; Bilge, Turgay

2007-10-01

227

Retroperitoneal and rectus sheath hematomas.  

Science.gov (United States)

The retroperitoneum is rich in vascular structures and can harbor large hematomas, traumatic or spontaneous. The management of retroperitoneal hematomas depends on the mechanism of injury and whether they are pulsatile/expanding. Rectus sheath hematomas are uncommon abdominal wall hematomas secondary to trauma to the epigastric arteries of the rectus muscle. The common risk factors include anticoagulation, strenuous exercise, coughing, coagulation disorders, and invasive procedures on/through the abdominal wall. The management is largely supportive, with the reversal of anticoagulation and transfusions; angioembolization may be necessary. PMID:24267499

Kasotakis, George

2014-02-01

228

Spontaneous sternocleidomastoid muscle hematoma following thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spontaneous or traumatic bleeding is a common complication of systemic thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We report the case of an 83 y.o. woman with right facio-brachio-crural hemiparesis, left deviation of the head and aphasia who developed, after thrombolytic therapy, a spontaneous sternocleidomastoid muscle hematoma that regressed few days later. To our knowledge, this is the first case reported in the literature of asymptomatic and spontaneous skeletal muscle hematoma following thrombolysis for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. The occurrence of lateral cervical tuberculosis lymphadenitis ipsilateral to sternocleidomastoid muscle hematoma may suggest a causal relationship between local chronic inflammation of active mycobacterial infection and thrombolysis-related extravasation. This case should suggest caution in thrombolytic treatment in patients with chronic immune dysregulation and vascular inflammation such as extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. PMID:24774751

Giannantoni, Nadia Mariagrazia; Della Marca, Giacomo; Broccolini, Aldobrando; Pilato, Fabio; Profice, Paolo; Morosetti, Roberta; Caliandro, Pietro; Frisullo, Giovanni

2014-06-15

229

Spinal epidural hematomas  

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During the period 1943-1985 six patients were operated for spinal epidural hematomas at the department of neurosurgery of the University Hospital of Arhus. It is essential to perform acute laminectomy in case of rapidly increasing neurological symptoms. In the case of slowly increasing symptoms operation may provide a good result even if it is performed a week after the onset of symptoms. It is important to watch patients with fracture/dislocations of the spine closely during the first weeks after a trauma. If they develop neurological symptoms the patients should immediately be transferred to the department of neurosurgery with a view of

Laursen, J; Fode, K

1987-01-01

230

Spontaneous Rectus Sheath Hematoma  

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Full Text Available Abdominal wall pathology is a frequently overlooked cause of acute abdomen. Increasing use of antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapies has led to an increase in the incidence of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (RSH. A high index of suspicion is needed for diagnosis as it can closely mimic other causes of acute abdomen. Herein, we report a case of RSH presenting with abdominal pain in which there was a significant delay in diagnosis. We wish to highlight the need to increase awareness among primary and emergency physicians about considering RSH in the initial differential diagnoses of abdominal pain. [West J Emerg Med. 2010; 11(1:76-79].

Alla, Venkata M

2010-02-01

231

Presentation of a minimally symptomatic large extradural hematoma in a patient with an arachnoid cyst: a case report and review of the literature  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Hemorrhagic complications of arachnoid cysts have been reported, extensively presenting with subdural or intracystic hematoma after trauma, but presentation with extradural hemorrhage is very rare. In this paper, we report the case of a patient with an arachnoid cyst who developed an extradural hematoma after a subtle head injury. Our patient presented with very mild symptoms in spite of the very large size of the hematoma. Case presentation Our patient was a 23-year-old Iranian man who complained of diffuse progressive headache and vomiting after mild head trauma. A brain computerized scan showed a very large extradural hematoma in the left frontotemporoparietal convexity over a large arachnoid cyst. Conclusion Brain parenchyma containing an arachnoid cyst is vulnerable to trauma and increases the risk of serious hemorrhagic complications. We also suggest that the abnormal shape of the head should be considered as an indication for a computerized tomography scan in cases of mild head injury.

Seddighi Afsoun

2011-12-01

232

Masked subdural empyema secondary to frontal sinusitis.  

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Intracranial complications of pediatric sinusitis are rare but potentially life threatening. These complications include cavernous sinus thrombosis, orbital infection, meningitis, and subdural empyema. Children with these complications may experience significant morbidity from their infection. In such cases, delay in diagnosis and treatment may lead to severe brain damage or death. Emergency physicians, pediatricians, and otolaryngologists should maintain a high index of suspicion for this complication of disease when treating patients with sinusitis in the emergency department or outpatient clinic. Early and accurate diagnosis of subdural empyema will lead to prompt treatment and a favorable outcome for the patient. We report a case of subdural empyema secondary to frontal sinusitis in an otherwise healthy immunocompetent adolescent boy. PMID:22030191

Calik, Mustafa; Iscan, Akin; Abuhandan, Mahmut; Yetkin, Ilhan; Bozku?, Ferhat; Torun, M Fuat

2012-10-01

233

Empiema subdural como complicación de sinusitis Subdural empyema secondary to sinusitis  

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Full Text Available El empiema subdural es una complicación infrecuente de la sinusitis en niños. Esta condición se acompaña de una alta morbi mortalidad, por lo que es considerada una emergencia neuro-quirúrgica. Se describe la evolución clínico imagenológica de un escolar previamente sano que cursa con un empiema subdural secundario a una pansinusitis y se discute la presentación clínica, diagnóstico imagenológico y tratamiento médico-quirúrgico de esta patología en base a una revisión de la literaturaSubdural empyema is a rare complication of sinusitis in children. Its clinical presentation represents a neurosurgical emergency and as a scarcely recognized entity a delayed diagnosis rapidly increases its fatal prognosis. We report the clinical and radiological course of an adolescent with a subdural empyema secondary to sinusitis. Clinical and radiological features, laboratory findings and outcome of this condition are discussed based in a review of previously reported cases

Raúl O Bustos B

2006-03-01

234

A subdural haematoma following 'reverse' bungee jumping.  

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Bungee jumping has been exploited commercially for 13 years and proprietors claim a good safety record. However, published case reports document a wide variety of possible injuries. To this list, we add a report of a subdural haematoma sustained during a variant of the sport, the 'reverse' bungee jump. PMID:12201405

FitzGerald, J J; Bassi, S; White, B D

2002-06-01

235

Spontaneous intraorbital hematoma: case report  

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Full Text Available Vinodan Paramanathan, Ardalan ZolnourianQueen's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Burton on Trent, Staffordshire DE13 0RB, UKAbstract: Spontaneous intraorbital hematoma is an uncommon clinical entity seen in ophthalmology practice. It is poorly represented in the literature. Current evidence attributes it to orbital trauma, neoplasm, vascular malformations, acute sinusitis, and systemic abnormalities. A 65-year-old female presented with spontaneous intraorbital hematoma manifesting as severe ocular pains, eyelid edema, proptosis, and diplopia, without a history of trauma. Computer tomography demonstrated a fairly well defined extraconal lesion with opacification of the paranasal sinuses. The principal differential based on all findings was that of a spreading sinus infection and an extraconal tumor. An unprecedented finding of a spontaneous orbital hematoma was discovered when the patient was taken to theater. We discuss the rarity of this condition and its management.Keywords: hemorrhage, ophthalmology, spontaneous, intra-orbital, hematoma

Vinodan Paramanathan

2010-12-01

236

CT findings of falical and tentorial subdural hemorrhage  

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Computed tomography has been established as an indispensable tool in the detection of intracranial hemorrhages. Extra axial fluid collections are usually easily distinguished from intracerebral hemorrhages. However, hemorrhages in atypical locations, such as in falx and tentorial regions, can be difficult to diagnose with CT. The tentorial and falcial collection of subdural blood are rather unusual. Authors report here 84 cases of falcial and tentorial subdural hemorrhages with reference data that we have encountered in the last two years. The results were as follows; 1. In 589 cases of intracranial hemorrhage, the incidence of subdural hemorrhage was 372 cases (63.2%). 2. Among 372 cases with subdural hemorrhage, 84 cases (22.6%) had falcial and/or tentorial subdural hemorrhage. In 84 cases with falcial and/or tentorial subdural hemorrhage, there were 50 cases (13.4%) of falcial subdural hemorrhages, 21 cases (5.7%) of tentorial subdural hemorrhage and 13 cases (3.5%) of combined falcial and tentorial subdural hemorrhage. 3. The location of falcial subdural hemorrhage was anterior in 30 cases (60%), posterior in 15 cases (30%) and middle in 5 cases (10%). 4. The location of tentorial subdural hemorrhage was petrous edge in 7 cases (33.3%), occipital attachment in 6 cases (28.6%), tentorial hiatus in 5 cases (23.8%), and diffuse in 3 cases (14.3%). 5. In 13 cases showing combined falcial and tentorial subdural hemorrhage, there was 3 cases (23.1%) of posterior falx and tentorial hiatus, 2 cases (15.4%) of anterior falx and petrous edge, 2 cases of anterior falx and tentorial hiatus, 2 cases of posterior falx and petrous edge, 2 cases of posterior falx and occipital attachment, 1 case (7.7%) of posterior falx and diffuse, and 1 case of posterior, middle falx and diffuse. 6. In the cases with falcial and/or tentorial subdural hemorrhage, the incidence of associated intracranial hemorrhage were intracrania subdural hemorrhage in 40 cases (47.6%), hemorrhagic brain contusion in 16 cases (19.0%), subarachnoid hemorrhage in 11 cases (13.1%), epidural hemorrhage in 9 cases (10.7%), combined subarachnoid and intracerebral hemorrhage in 5 cases (6.0%), and combined subdural and epidural hemorrhage in 3 cases (3.6%). 7. The prognosis of falcial and/or tentorial subdural hemorrhage was related to degree and location of associated intracranial hemorrhage, and surrounding brain edema, contusion or both, but the existence, location, and amount of falcial and/or tentorial subdural hemorrhage itself were not affected mortality and morbidity.

Kim, Ok Keun; Jung, Nam Keun; Kim, Kab Tae; Sol, Chang Hyo; Kim, Byung Soo [Collge of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

1987-04-15

237

CT findings of falical and tentorial subdural hemorrhage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Computed tomography has been established as an indispensable tool in the detection of intracranial hemorrhages. Extra axial fluid collections are usually easily distinguished from intracerebral hemorrhages. However, hemorrhages in atypical locations, such as in falx and tentorial regions, can be difficult to diagnose with CT. The tentorial and falcial collection of subdural blood are rather unusual. Authors report here 84 cases of falcial and tentorial subdural hemorrhages with reference data that we have encountered in the last two years. The results were as follows; 1. In 589 cases of intracranial hemorrhage, the incidence of subdural hemorrhage was 372 cases (63.2%). 2. Among 372 cases with subdural hemorrhage, 84 cases (22.6%) had falcial and/or tentorial subdural hemorrhage. In 84 cases with falcial and/or tentorial subdural hemorrhage, there were 50 cases (13.4%) of falcial subdural hemorrhages, 21 cases (5.7%) of tentorial subdural hemorrhage and 13 cases (3.5%) of combined falcial and tentorial subdural hemorrhage. 3. The location of falcial subdural hemorrhage was anterior in 30 cases (60%), posterior in 15 cases (30%) and middle in 5 cases (10%). 4. The location of tentorial subdural hemorrhage was petrous edge in 7 cases (33.3%), occipital attachment in 6 cases (28.6%), tentorial hiatus in 5 cases (23.8%), and diffuse in 3 cases (14.3%). 5. In 13 cases showing combined falcial and tentorial subdural hemorrhage, there was 3 cases (23.1%) of posterior falx and tentorial hiatus, 2 cases (15.4%) of anterior falx and petrous edge, 2 cases of anterior falx and tentorial hiatus, 2 cases of posterior falx and petrous edge, 2 cases of posterior falx and occipital attachment, 1 case (7.7%) of posterior falx and diffuse, and 1 case of posterior, middle falx and diffuse. 6. In the cases with falcial and/or tentorial subdural hemorrhage, the incidence of associated intracranial hemorrhage were intracrania subdural hemorrhage in 40 cases (47.6%), hemorrhagic brain contusion in 16 cases (19.0%), subarachnoid hemorrhage in 11 cases (13.1%), epidural hemorrhage in 9 cases (10.7%), combined subarachnoid and intracerebral hemorrhage in 5 cases (6.0%), and combined subdural and epidural hemorrhage in 3 cases (3.6%). 7. The prognosis of falcial and/or tentorial subdural hemorrhage was related to degree and location of associated intracranial hemorrhage, and surrounding brain edema, contusion or both, but the existence, location, and amount of falcial and/or tentorial subdural hemorrhage itself were not affected mortality and morbidity

238

The role of CT control in brain abscesses and subdural empyemas  

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The authors analysed their observation of 13 patients with brain abscesses and subdural empyemas which had been verified during operation or at autopsy. Brain abscesses and empyemas were caused by chronic inflammatory processes of otogenic or rhinogenic origin, traumas and surgical interventions as well as purulent inflammatory processes of other siters. Computerized tomography was shown to be a reliable method to diagnose brain abscesses and subdural empyemas. Owing to its high informative value CT made it possible to exactly defen the stage of a purulent inflammatory process and to choose early and a a surgical method. CT is an indispensable means of postoperative control 4 weeks after operation in case of impairment of the patients' general status or in the absence of a therapeutic effect

239

Intracranial electroencephalography with subdural and/or depth electrodes in children with epilepsy: Techniques, complications, and outcomes.  

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Intracranial electroencephalographic monitoring with subdural and/or depth electrodes is widely used for the surgical localization of epileptic foci in patients with intractable partial epilepsy; however, data on safety and surgical outcome with this technique are still inadequate. The aims of this study were to assess the morbidity of intracranial recordings and the surgical outcomes in epileptic children. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data for 137 children with epilepsy (mean age at implantation: 12.6±3.8 years) who underwent intracranial monitoring with the implantation of strip or grid subdural electrodes and/or intracerebral depth electrodes from September 2004 to September 2011 at a tertiary epilepsy center in China. Complications were classified using five grades of severity (including mortality) and were further classified as either minor or severe. Outcome was classified according to Engel's classification. Regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for complications. The mean duration of implantation was 5.3±1.3 days. Among the 133 patients who underwent resection, 65 (48.9%) were seizure free (Engel Class I) at last known follow-up, which was >2 years after surgery for all patients. Also, 31 (23.3%) patients had a significant reduction in seizures (Engel Class II). Complications of any type were documented in 29 (21.7%) patients; 15 of these patients had intracranial hematoma. The results of multivariate analysis showed that the only independent risk factor for intracranial hematoma was number of electrode contacts. The most common pathologic diagnosis was focal cortical dysplasia (n=58). Our results showed that intracranial electroencephalographic monitoring in children provides good surgical outcomes and the level of risk is acceptable. When using this technique strategies such as using as few electrode contacts as possible should be adopted to minimize the risk of intracranial hematoma. PMID:25241139

Yang, Peng-Fan; Zhang, Hui-Jian; Pei, Jia-Sheng; Tian, Jun; Lin, Qiao; Mei, Zhen; Zhong, Zhong-Hui; Jia, Yan-Zeng; Chen, Zi-Qian; Zheng, Zhi-Yong

2014-11-01

240

On the differential diagnosis of the abdominal aorta aneurysm and retroperitoneal paraaortal hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Chronic retroperitoneal paraaortal hematoma appeared to be a rare disease. Paraaortal hematoma should be differentiated from abdomen aorta aneurysm and retroperitoneal tumor, for it requires no surgical intervention. Computerized tomography CT was shown to be the most sensitive method in differential diagnosis. CT with intravenous contrast intensification displayed complete information on aorta size, its aneurysms, extention of the disease, degree of dissemination into adjacent blood vessels and tissues. Retention of contrast media in the vessels occurred with 5 min delay and the blood was shown to free from the contrast substance up to that moment. The phenomenon permitted to distinguish thrombosed aneurysm from paraaortal tumor or hematoma

 
 
 
 
241

Whole spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 26-year-old male who had no underlying disease, including coagulopathy, underwent thoracotomy and bleeding control due to hemothorax. On the fifth postoperative day, paralysis of both lower limbs occurred. Urgent spine magnetic resonance imaging showed a massive anterior spinal epidural hematoma from C2 to L1 level with different signal intensities, which was suspected to be staged hemorrhage. Hematoma evacuation with decompressive laminectomy was performed. The patient's neurologic deterioration was recovered immediately, and he was discharged without neurological deficits. A drug history of naftazone, which could induce a drug-induced platelet dysfunction, was revealed retrospectively. To our knowledge, this is the first report of whole spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma in a young patient, with a history of hemorrhoid medication. PMID:24967052

Yoon, Kyeong-Wook; Song, Jae Gyok; Ryu, Jae-Wook; Kim, Young-Jin

2014-06-01

242

Ultrasound diagnosis of rectus sheath hematoma  

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6 cases of rectus sheath hematoma were correctly diagnosed by ultrasound. 2 cases had bilateral rectus sheath hematoma and 4 cases were unilateral. On ultrasound finding, relatively well defined oval or spindle like cystic mass situated in the area of rectus muscle on all cases. Ultrasound examination may give more definite diagnosis and extension rectus sheath hematoma and also helpful to follow up study of hematoma.

Hwang, M. S.; Chang, J. C.; Rhee, C. B. [Yeung Nam University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1984-06-15

243

Ultrasound diagnosis of rectus sheath hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

6 cases of rectus sheath hematoma were correctly diagnosed by ultrasound. 2 cases had bilateral rectus sheath hematoma and 4 cases were unilateral. On ultrasound finding, relatively well defined oval or spindle like cystic mass situated in the area of rectus muscle on all cases. Ultrasound examination may give more definite diagnosis and extension rectus sheath hematoma and also helpful to follow up study of hematoma

244

Computed tomography of old intracerebral hematoma  

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We evaluated CT scans of 37 hypertensive intracerebral hematomas older than 6 months from onset. CT findings of old hematomas were following 3 types ; 1) normodensity type (low density cavity not detected), 43 %, 2) linear low density type, 38 %, 3) small low density type, 19 %. In normodensity type of old hematoma, initial hematoma was less than 800 mm2 in size, and focal atrophy was less frequent compared to low density type. (author)

245

Dolor radicular como forma de presentación de un hematoma epidural espontáneo  

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Full Text Available Fundamento: las hemorragias espontáneas dentro del estuche espinal en las edades pediátricas son poco frecuentes. La sangre puede extenderse por el espacio epidural, subdural o intramedular y producir compresión de las estructuras neurales. El espacio epidural es la zona más vulnerable a sufrir el sangrado y dentro de éste su porción posterior. Objetivo: presentar un caso poco frecuente de hematoma epidural espinal cervical espontáneo que debutó con signos radiculares. Caso Clínico: paciente masculino de 14 años de edad con antecedentes de salud que es remitido a la consulta con una historia iniciada siete días antes, caracterizada por: dolor cervical bajo, de moderada intensidad de inicio brusco y que se irradiaba a los dermatomas cervicales 4 a 6 (C4-C6. Al examen físico se pudo constatar dolor al percutir las apófisis espinosas de C4 a C6, hiporreflexia bicipital y reducción de la fuerza en la pinza digital derecha. Se realizó una resonancia magnética nuclear cervical, donde se pudo diagnosticar un hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo que se extendía anteriormente desde C3 a C7. Se decidió el tratamiento médico y el paciente egresó a los doce días libre de manifestaciones clínicas. Conclusiones: la evolución clínica del paciente, el tamaño, la localización del hematoma y tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad son elementos a tener en cuenta a la hora de seleccionar la modalidad del tratamiento, el cual permitirá la reversibilidad de los síntomas y signos neurológicos así como el desarrollo de complicaciones tardías.

Isael Olaz\\u00E1bal Armas

2011-01-01

246

Giant acute epidural hematoma after ventriculoperitoneal shunt: a case report and literature review  

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Cerebrospinal fluid over-drainage is a common complication of ventriculoperitoneal devices. In terms of haemorrhage, subdural haematomas are usually more frequent lesions than epidural hematomas, which, more rarely, may also be seen after ventricular shunt procedures and may lead to rapid neurological decline and even death unless a surgical procedure can be promptly performed. This study reports the case of a 47 years-old Dandy Walker man, with clinical condition compatible with the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus submitted to a ventriculoperitoneal shunt with a high fixed pressure valve. After discharge, on the second day after the procedure, he presented with headache and impaired level of consciousness. At hospital admission he was in a coma and anisochoric. Underwent endotracheal intubation and a head CT, showed epidural hematoma. We performed emergency craniotomy to drain the hematoma, the patient died in the operating room despite resuscitation attempts. In conclusion, prompt diagnosis and emergency craniotomy is recommended in these cases. We must be aware of this possible evolution and maintain high suspicion besides a longer in-hospital observation after these procedures.

Noleto, Gustavo; Neville, Iuri Santana; Tavares, Wagner Malago; Saad, Felippe; Pinto, Fernando Campos; Teixeira, Manoel Jacobsen; Paiva, Wellingson Silva

2014-01-01

247

Factors affecting the outcome in subdural empyema.  

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The case reports of 102 patients with subdural empyema, diagnosed in the years 1935-83, were reviewed to determine the factors affecting the outcome. Statistical analysis (likelihood ratio tests with chi square approximation and logistic regression) showed that year of diagnosis (p less than 0.01) and level of consciousness at the moment of diagnosis (p less than 0.01) had a significant bearing on the chance to survive and that these same two factors (each factor p less than 0.01) and extent ...

Mauser, H. W.; Houwelingen, H. C.; Tulleken, C. A.

1987-01-01

248

Subdural haematoma: a complication of cochlear implantation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cochlear implants have transformed the treatment of sensorineural hearing loss. They have few major complications. The authors describe the case of a man fitted with a cochlear implant who suffered a postoperative subdural haematoma. The haematoma is thought to have been caused by bleeding from emissary veins opened by the drill passages used to anchor the sutures for the receiver/stimulator. The authors have abandoned tie down sutures in cochlear implants, preferring an appropriately deep well with squared-off rims, which would secure the implant in place. They have had no further complications of this nature. PMID:15667688

Sunkaraneni, V S; Banerjee, A; Gray, R F

2004-12-01

249

Microwave Hematoma Detector for the Rapid Assessment of Head Injuries  

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A non-invasive microwave device for the detection of epi/subdural hemorrhaging (hematoma) is under current development. The final device will be highly portable and allow real time assessment of head injuries, thereby satisfying early detection needs of the field technician as well as providing a tool for repetitious monitoring of high-risk individuals. The device will adopt the advanced technology of micropower impulse radar (MIR) which is a state of the art low cost ultra wide band (UWB) microwave radar developed here at LLNL. It will consist of a MIR transmitting and receiving module, a computer based signal processing module, and a device-to-patient signal coupling module--the UWB antenna. The prototype design is being guided by the needs of the patient and the practitioner along with the prerequisites of the technology including issues such as the specificity of the device, efficacy of diagnosis, accuracy, robustness, and patient comfort. The prototype development follows a concurrent approach which .includes experiments designed to evaluate requirements of the radar and antenna design, phantom development to facilitate laboratory investigations, and investigation into the limits of adapting pre-existing non-medical MIR devices to medical applications. This report will present the accomplishments and project highlights to date in the fiscal year 1999. Future project projections will also be discussed.

Hadded, W.; Chang, J.; Rosenbury, T.; Dallum, G.; Welsch, P.; Scott, D.; Duarte, D.; Acevedo-Bolton, V.

2000-02-11

250

Spontaneous idiopathic spinal epidural hematoma: two different presentations of the same disease Hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo: dos diferentes presentaciones clínicas de la misma enfermedad Hematoma epidural espinhal espontâneo: duas diferentes apresentações da mesma doença  

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Full Text Available We report two cases of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma with different clinical presentations without precipitating factors and a brief review of the literature. Our case first developed acute and had progressive cervical spinal cord signs that determined emergency decompressive laminectomy. On the other hand, the second patient, who was chronic, was operated almost five months after the initial symptoms and the radiological diagnosis was a large facet cyst. Early surgical intervention is the chosen treatment for spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas. Spinal surgeons should bear in mind that spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas may have different clinical presentations according to their location in order to perform a differential diagnosis.Fueron relatados dos casos de hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo con diferentes presentaciones clínicas sin factores precipitantes, y fue hecha una breve revisión de la literatura. Nuestro caso 1 tuvo un desarrollo agudo y mostró señales progresivas en la columna cervical que determinaron una laminectomía descompresiva de emergencia. Por otro lado, el segundo paciente, crónico, fue operado casi cinco meses después de los síntomas iniciales y el diagnóstico radiológico fue de un gran quiste sinovial. La intervención quirúrgica temprana es el tratamiento de elección para hematomas espontáneos epidurales espinales. El tratamiento quirúrgico representa la forma más común de terapia para todos los tipos de presentaciones clínicas. Debemos considerar que el tratamiento conservador (o no sea más común en casos de presentación leve, principalmente en pacientes con hematoma espinal crónico. Para realizar un diagnóstico diferencial, los cirujanos deben recordar que los hematomas epidurales espinales espontáneos pueden tener distintas presentaciones clínicas según su ubicación.Os autores relatam dois casos de hematoma epidural espinhal espontâneo com diferentes apresentações clínicas e sua revisão da literatura. O primeiro paciente apresentava sinais e sintomas de compressão medular cervical, necessitando de laminectomia de urgência, enquanto no segundo paciente, que era crônico, havia sintomatologia de lombociatalgia por compressão nervosa de evolução de cinco meses e com diagnóstico radiológico de cisto facetário. A intervenção cirúrgica precoce é o tratamento de escolha para os hematomas epidurais espinhais espontâneos. Os hematomas epidurais espinhais espontâneos, conforme a localização na coluna vertebral, diferem na apresentação clínica e no manejo. Na região lombar, o diagnóstico diferencial deve ser feito com patologias degenerativas.

Asdrúbal Falavigna

2010-09-01

251

Spontaneous idiopathic spinal epidural hematoma: two different presentations of the same disease / Hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo: dos diferentes presentaciones clínicas de la misma enfermedad / Hematoma epidural espinhal espontâneo: duas diferentes apresentações da mesma doença  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os autores relatam dois casos de hematoma epidural espinhal espontâneo com diferentes apresentações clínicas e sua revisão da literatura. O primeiro paciente apresentava sinais e sintomas de compressão medular cervical, necessitando de laminectomia de urgência, enquanto no segundo paciente, que era [...] crônico, havia sintomatologia de lombociatalgia por compressão nervosa de evolução de cinco meses e com diagnóstico radiológico de cisto facetário. A intervenção cirúrgica precoce é o tratamento de escolha para os hematomas epidurais espinhais espontâneos. Os hematomas epidurais espinhais espontâneos, conforme a localização na coluna vertebral, diferem na apresentação clínica e no manejo. Na região lombar, o diagnóstico diferencial deve ser feito com patologias degenerativas. Abstract in spanish Fueron relatados dos casos de hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo con diferentes presentaciones clínicas sin factores precipitantes, y fue hecha una breve revisión de la literatura. Nuestro caso 1 tuvo un desarrollo agudo y mostró señales progresivas en la columna cervical que determinaron una lami [...] nectomía descompresiva de emergencia. Por otro lado, el segundo paciente, crónico, fue operado casi cinco meses después de los síntomas iniciales y el diagnóstico radiológico fue de un gran quiste sinovial. La intervención quirúrgica temprana es el tratamiento de elección para hematomas espontáneos epidurales espinales. El tratamiento quirúrgico representa la forma más común de terapia para todos los tipos de presentaciones clínicas. Debemos considerar que el tratamiento conservador (o no) sea más común en casos de presentación leve, principalmente en pacientes con hematoma espinal crónico. Para realizar un diagnóstico diferencial, los cirujanos deben recordar que los hematomas epidurales espinales espontáneos pueden tener distintas presentaciones clínicas según su ubicación. Abstract in english We report two cases of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma with different clinical presentations without precipitating factors and a brief review of the literature. Our case first developed acute and had progressive cervical spinal cord signs that determined emergency decompressive laminectomy. On [...] the other hand, the second patient, who was chronic, was operated almost five months after the initial symptoms and the radiological diagnosis was a large facet cyst. Early surgical intervention is the chosen treatment for spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas. Spinal surgeons should bear in mind that spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas may have different clinical presentations according to their location in order to perform a differential diagnosis.

Asdrúbal, Falavigna; Orlando, Righesso; Alisson Roberto, Teles; Thiago, Hoesker.

2010-09-01

252

Spontaneous idiopathic spinal epidural hematoma: two different presentations of the same disease / Hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo: dos diferentes presentaciones clínicas de la misma enfermedad / Hematoma epidural espinhal espontâneo: duas diferentes apresentações da mesma doença  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os autores relatam dois casos de hematoma epidural espinhal espontâneo com diferentes apresentações clínicas e sua revisão da literatura. O primeiro paciente apresentava sinais e sintomas de compressão medular cervical, necessitando de laminectomia de urgência, enquanto no segundo paciente, que era [...] crônico, havia sintomatologia de lombociatalgia por compressão nervosa de evolução de cinco meses e com diagnóstico radiológico de cisto facetário. A intervenção cirúrgica precoce é o tratamento de escolha para os hematomas epidurais espinhais espontâneos. Os hematomas epidurais espinhais espontâneos, conforme a localização na coluna vertebral, diferem na apresentação clínica e no manejo. Na região lombar, o diagnóstico diferencial deve ser feito com patologias degenerativas. Abstract in spanish Fueron relatados dos casos de hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo con diferentes presentaciones clínicas sin factores precipitantes, y fue hecha una breve revisión de la literatura. Nuestro caso 1 tuvo un desarrollo agudo y mostró señales progresivas en la columna cervical que determinaron una lami [...] nectomía descompresiva de emergencia. Por otro lado, el segundo paciente, crónico, fue operado casi cinco meses después de los síntomas iniciales y el diagnóstico radiológico fue de un gran quiste sinovial. La intervención quirúrgica temprana es el tratamiento de elección para hematomas espontáneos epidurales espinales. El tratamiento quirúrgico representa la forma más común de terapia para todos los tipos de presentaciones clínicas. Debemos considerar que el tratamiento conservador (o no) sea más común en casos de presentación leve, principalmente en pacientes con hematoma espinal crónico. Para realizar un diagnóstico diferencial, los cirujanos deben recordar que los hematomas epidurales espinales espontáneos pueden tener distintas presentaciones clínicas según su ubicación. Abstract in english We report two cases of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma with different clinical presentations without precipitating factors and a brief review of the literature. Our case first developed acute and had progressive cervical spinal cord signs that determined emergency decompressive laminectomy. On [...] the other hand, the second patient, who was chronic, was operated almost five months after the initial symptoms and the radiological diagnosis was a large facet cyst. Early surgical intervention is the chosen treatment for spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas. Spinal surgeons should bear in mind that spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas may have different clinical presentations according to their location in order to perform a differential diagnosis.

Asdrúbal, Falavigna; Orlando, Righesso; Alisson Roberto, Teles; Thiago, Hoesker.

253

Pelvic hematoma resulting in obstructive uropathy.  

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The use of anticoagulants, for whatever indication, may carry a high risk of hematoma formation following surgery. Obstructive uropathy is a very rare but possible example of complication secondary to an extensive pelvic hematoma. We describe a case of a patient with rheumatic heart disease and aortic valve replacement, who developed a massive postoperative pelvic hematoma following bilateral tubal ligation, resulting in bilateral ureteric obstructions. This was treated with bilateral ureteric stent through cystoscopy.

Ahmed A. Abdulwahab

2003-11-01

254

[Spontaneous orbital hematoma: two case reports].  

Science.gov (United States)

Although rare, spontaneous intra-orbital hematoma can quickly jeopardize vision. It usually presents with painful proptosis. It can result from multiple etiologies, and the diagnosis is based on imaging studies in the absence of known causes. We describe two cases of spontaneous intraorbital hematoma. The first, of unknown etiology, required needle drainage. The second was associated with a subperiosteal hematoma of the orbital roof complicating a periorbital bone infarction in a patient with sickle-thalassemia. PMID:22795759

Louati, H; Hedhli, M; Chebbi, A; Ben Hassine, L; Douira, W; Lahmar, L; Ayed, S; Bellagha, I

2012-09-01

255

Unoperated giant cerebellar hematoma: Case report  

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Full Text Available The treatment of patients with spontaneous intracerebellar hematoma (SIH still remains controversial. Computerized tomography (CT offers early and accurate diagnosis of SIH, the size and location of SIH can be precisely defined. The main prognostic factors affecting the outcome are the clinical state of the patient on admission, the size and localization of the hematoma, compression of brain-stem, and the presence of intraventricular hematoma and hydrocephalus. In this report, a 62 year old female patient with a giant cerebellar hematoma who was treated medically was presented.

Gezen, F.

2005-01-01

256

Dolor radicular como forma de presentación de un hematoma epidural espontáneo / Radicular pain as way of presentation of a spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma: a case presentation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamento: las hemorragias espontáneas dentro del estuche espinal en las edades pediátricas son poco frecuentes. La sangre puede extenderse por el espacio epidural, subdural o intramedular y producir compresión de las estructuras neurales. El espacio epidural es la zona más vulnerable a sufrir el s [...] angrado y dentro de éste su porción posterior. Objetivo: presentar un caso poco frecuente de hematoma epidural espinal cervical espontáneo que debutó con signos radiculares. Caso Clínico: paciente masculino de 14 años de edad con antecedentes de salud que es remitido a la consulta con una historia iniciada siete días antes, caracterizada por: dolor cervical bajo, de moderada intensidad de inicio brusco y que se irradiaba a los dermatomas cervicales 4 a 6 (C4-C6). Al examen físico se pudo constatar dolor al percutir las apófisis espinosas de C4 a C6, hiporreflexia bicipital y reducción de la fuerza en la pinza digital derecha. Se realizó una resonancia magnética nuclear cervical, donde se pudo diagnosticar un hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo que se extendía anteriormente desde C3 a C7. Se decidió el tratamiento médico y el paciente egresó a los doce días libre de manifestaciones clínicas. Conclusiones: la evolución clínica del paciente, el tamaño, la localización del hematoma y tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad son elementos a tener en cuenta a la hora de seleccionar la modalidad del tratamiento, el cual permitirá la reversibilidad de los síntomas y signos neurológicos así como el desarrollo de complicaciones tardías. Abstract in english Background:spontaneous hemorrhages inside the spinal case in pediatric ages are not frequent. The blood may extend over the epidural, subdural or intramedular space, producing compression of neural structures. The epidural space is the most vulnerable area to suffer bleeding and inside of this, its [...] posterior portion. Objective: to present an infrequent case of spontaneous cervical spinal epidural hematoma that started with radicular signs. Clinical case: a 14 years old, masculine patient with health antecedents is remitted to the consulting room with a history initiated seven days before, characterized for: low cervical pain of moderate intensity, of abrupt onset, irradiating to the 4 at 6 cervical dermatomes (C4-C6). To the physical examination was verified pain when striking the C4 to C6, bicipital hyporeflexia and reduction of the force in the right digital forceps. A cervical nuclear magnetic resonance was performed, where a spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma was diagnosed that previously extended from C3 to C7. The medical treatment was decided, the patient was discharged to twelve days, free of clinical manifestations. Conclusions: the patient's clinical evolution, size, localization of the hematoma and the time of evolution of the disease are elements to keep in mind when selecting the modality of the treatment, which will allow the reversibility of symptoms and neurological signs as well as the development of late complications.

Isael, Olazábal Armas.

257

Traumatic interhemispheric subdural haematoma: Study of 35 cases.  

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The clinical and radiological findings, management, and outcomes in 35 patients with traumatic interhemispheric subdural haematoma (ISH) were reviewed retrospectively. Twenty-five patients had favourable outcomes and 10 had poor outcomes. All patients were treated conservatively for ISH. Univariate analysis found that the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score (p posterior fossa subdural haematoma (p = 0.008), and subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) were correlated with outcome (p clinicoradiological findings and prognoses in patients with traumatic ISH. PMID:20817537

Takeuchi, Satoru; Takasato, Yoshio; Masaoka, Hiroyuki; Hayakawa, Takanori; Yatsushige, Hiroshi; Sugawara, Takashi

2010-12-01

258

Hematoma da aorta ascendente / Intramural hematoma of the ascending aorta  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese É relatado o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino com idade de 71 anos, dando entrada no pronto-atendimento com palidez cutaneomucosa, acompanhada de hipertensão arterial sistêmica e dor torácica. Na investigação diagnóstica não foi evidenciada alteração compatível com isquemia miocárdica aguda. A [...] radiografia de tórax evidenciava alargamento importante do mediastino. Ao ecocardiograma, a aorta ascendente media 47 mm, no nível do tronco pulmonar. Um dia após o eco, o paciente foi submetido a exame de ressonância magnética (RNM), quando se evidenciou aorta ascendente de 62 mm, sem evidenciar fluxo em falsa luz ou "flap" intimal, mas mostrando hematoma intramural da aorta ascendente, estendendo-se da raiz da aorta até um terço proximal do arco aórtico. Procedeu-se a correção cirúrgica, sendo realizada substituição da aorta ascendente e parte do arco aórtico (hemiarco), com preservação da valva aórtica pela suspensão das comissuras. Paciente evolui bem sem intercorrência, recebendo alta no nono dia de pós-operatório. Enfatizamos nesse relato de caso a semelhança do quadro clínico do hematoma intramural da aorta com o quadro de dissecção da aorta, a importância de se estabelecer diagnóstico correto e o melhor tratamento. Abstract in english It is reported the case of a 71 year old male patient admitted to the emergency service pale and with systemic arterial hypertension and thoracic pain. In the diagnostic investigation, there was no evidence of compatible with acute myocardial ischemia. The thorax x-ray showed important enlargement o [...] f the mediastinum. In the echocardiogram the ascending aorta measured 47mm, at the level of the pulmonary artery. One day after the echo, submitted to exam of magnetic resonance (RNM), the ascending aorta had a diameter of 62mm, without false lumen flow or intimal "flap", but showing intramural hematoma envolving the ascending aorta and the proximal portion of the aorta. It was submitted to the surgical correction, being accomplished by resection of the ascending aorta and part of the aortic arch (hemiarch), with preservation of the aortic valve with suspension of the comissures. The patient had ununventfull recovery, being discharged in the 9th postoperative day. We emphasized the similarity of the clinical presentation of the intramural hematoma of the aorta with that of aortic dissection, the importance of establishing correct diagnosis and the best treatment.

Noedir Antônio G., Stolf; Anderson, Benício; Gustavo I., Judas; Roberto Rocha Correia Veiga, Giraldez; Wilson, Mathias Júnior.

259

Hematoma hepático subcapsular por fasciola  

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Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 22 años de edad, natural de Huaraz con historia de dolor en hipocondrio derecho asociado a náuseas y vómitos que se intensifican tres dias antes de su admisión. Al examen se encuentra disminución del murmullo vesicular en la base del hemitórax derecho. El abdomen [...] es doloroso a la palpación en el epigastrio e hipocondrio derecho. El hígado se palpa a 3 cm debajo del reborde costal; Hemograma con eosinofilia severa. Se aprecia leve colestasis. Ecografía abdominal: Masa hepática heterogénea de 13 cm de diámetro en el lóbulo derecho. Tomografía axial computarizada: Masa subcapsular de 14x8 cm. Gammagrafía: Hígado con área hipocaptadora que muestra ausencia de perfusión al pool vascular. Se somete a laparotomía exploratoria y se encuentra hematoma subcapsular de 800 cc en segmento 6, 7 y 8, el cual se drena. En la evolución persite la eosinofilia y se obtiene Arco 2 positivo para Fasciola. Recibió triclabendazol, actualmente asintomática. Conclusión: La fase invasiva de la fasciolosis humana puede ocasionar hematoma hepático como una complicación rara. La triada de eosinofilia persistente, hepatomegalia dolorosa y fiebre prolongada, orienta a insistir en la búsqueda de fasciolasis en zonas endémicas. Abstract in english The case of a 22 year old woman from Huaraz is presented herein. She suffered from pain at right hypocondrium, associated to nausea and vomits, which intensified three days prior to admission. Upon examining her, a faded gallbladder murmur was found on the base of the right hemithorax. There is pain [...] in the abdomen when touched at the epigastrium and right hypocondrium. The liver is perceived 3 cm beneath the costal edge: White blood count with severe eosinophilia. Mild cholestasis is observed. Abdominal scan: Heterogeneous hepatic mass, with a 13 cm diameter in the right lobe. CAT scan: Subcapsular 14x8 cm mass. Scintiscan: Liver with a low absorption area showing absence of perfusion to the vascular pool. She undergoes an exploratory laparotomy and an 800 cc subcapsular hematoma is found in segment 6, 7 and 8, which is drained. Evolution evidences the persistence of eosinophilia and positive Arc-2 is obtained for Fasciola. She was administered Triclabendazol and is currently asymptomatic. Conclusion: The invasive stage of human fascioliasis may cause hepatic hematoma as a rare complication. The triad of persisting eosinophilia, painful hepatomegalia and prolonged fever leads to insist in the search of fascioliasis in endemic areas.

David, Loja Oropeza; José, Alvizuri Escobedo; Maricela, Vilca Vásquez; Roberto, Avilés Gonzaga; Mario, Sánchez Mercado.

2003-04-01

260

Polyarteritis nodosa presenting with spontaneous perirenal hematoma  

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Spontaneous perirenal hematoma following ruptured microaneurysm is an unusual but serious complication of polyarteritis nodosa. We describe a young male who presented with spontaneous perirenal hematoma and was subsequently diagnosed to have polyarteritis nodosa. He was managed with immunosuppressive medications with no recurrence of symptoms.

Mukhopadhyay, P.; Rathi, M.; Kohli, H. S.; Jha, V.; Gupta, K. L.; Sakhuja, V.

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Unusual plain film appearance of extrapleural hematoma  

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Two cases of extrapleural hematoma, proven during autopsy, are presented. Plain chest films did not demonstrate the typical signs of an extrapleural mass lesion. The roentgenologic differential diagnosis of a free or partially encapsulated pleural effusion, as well as the pathogenesis of extrapleural hematoma is discussed. (orig.)

262

Pseudosepsis: rectus sheath hematoma mimicking septic shock.  

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There are many noninfectious disorders in the critical care unit (CCU) that mimic sepsis. Pseudosepsis is the term applied to noninfectious disorders that mimic sepsis. Fever/leukocytosis is not diagnostic of infection but frequently accompanies a wide variety of noninfectious disorders. When fever/leukocytosis and hypotension are present, sepsis is the presumptive diagnosis until proven otherwise. After empiric therapy for sepsis is initiated, the clinician should rule out the noninfectious causes of pseudosepsis. The most common causes of pseudosepsis in the CCU setting are pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, overzealous diuretic therapy, acute pancreatitis, relative adrenal insufficiency, and (rarely) rectus sheath hematoma. Rectus sheath hematoma may occur secondary to trauma/anticoagulation therapy and may present as an acute surgical abdomen mimicking sepsis. Rectus sheath hematoma should be considered when other causes of pseudosepsis or sepsis fail to explain persistent hypotension unresponsive to fluids/pressors. The diagnosis of rectus sheath hematoma is by abdominal ultrasound or computed tomography scan. If the abdominal computed tomography scan is negative for other intra-abdominal pathology and other causes of pseudosepsis are eliminated, then the diagnosis of pseudosepsis caused by rectus sheath hematoma is confirmed by demonstrating a hematoma in the rectus sheath. Treatment of rectus sheath hematoma is surgical drainage and ligation of any bleeding vessels. Evacuation of the rectus sheath hematoma rapidly reverses the patient's hypotension and is curative. We describe a case of pseudosepsis caused by rectus sheath hematoma in an elderly man with hypotension unresponsive to fluids/pressors and mimicking septic shock. Clinicians should be aware that rectus sheath hematoma is a rare but important cause of pseudosepsis in patients in the CCU. PMID:17137947

Hamid, Naveed S; Spadafora, Philip F; Khalife, Michael E; Cunha, Burke A

2006-01-01

263

Serial computed tomographies in subdural effusions following purulent meningitis  

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The subdral effusion complicating acute purulent meningitis were visualized in seven children by means of cranial computed tomography (CCT). All these children were infants less than two years old; four were male, and three were female. The etiologic organisms could be cultured in three cases: Group B Streptococcus, Diplococcus pneumoniae, and Hemophilus influenza. The others could not be cultured. The subdural effusion could be detected by CCT on the 5th day after the onset in the earliest case and on the 30th day in the latest case. Four cases of them were resolved by chemotherapy and subdural taps, two cases were resolved spontaneously by chemotherapy only, and one case was resolved by means of a subdural-peritoneal shunt operation. The subdural taps through the anterior fontanelle were done in five cases. The fluids obtained by the subdural taps showed a bloody fluid in one case, a blood-tinged fluid in two cases, and a yellowish or brown-coloured fluid not including red cells in two cases. These fluids had a higher protein content than the CSF. These children were followed-up after the discharge. Their psychomotor development was good and they showed no epileptic complications. (author)

264

Age determination of soft tissue hematomas.  

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In clinical forensic medicine, the estimation of the age of injuries such as externally visible subcutaneous hematomas is important for the reconstruction of violent events, particularly to include or exclude potential suspects. Since the estimation of the time of origin based on external inspection is unreliable, the aim of this study was to use contrast in MRI to develop an easy-to-use model for hematoma age estimation. In a longitudinal study, artificially created subcutaneous hematomas were repetitively imaged using MRI over a period of two weeks. The hemorrhages were created by injecting autologous blood into the subcutaneous tissue of the thigh in 20 healthy volunteers. For MRI, standard commercially available sequences, namely proton-density-weighted, T2 -weighted and inversion recovery sequences, were used. The hematomas' MRI data were analyzed regarding their contrast behavior using the most suitable sequences to derive a model allowing an objective estimation of the age of soft tissue hematomas. The Michelson contrast between hematoma and muscle in the proton-density-weighted sequence showed an exponentially decreasing behavior with a dynamic range of 0.6 and a maximum standard deviation of 0.1. The contrast of the inversion recovery sequences showed increasing characteristics and was hypointense for TI = 200ms and hyperintense for TI =1000ms. These sequences were used to create a contrast model. The cross-validation of the model finally yielded limits of agreement for hematoma age determination (corresponding to ±1.96 SD) of ±38.7h during the first three days and ±54 h for the entire investigation period. The developed model provides lookup tables which allow for the estimation of a hematoma's age given a single contrast measurement applicable by a radiologist or a forensic physician. This is a first step towards an accurate and objective dating method for subcutaneous hematomas, which will be particularly useful in child abuse. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25208978

Neumayer, Bernhard; Hassler, Eva; Petrovic, Andreas; Widek, Thomas; Ogris, Kathrin; Scheurer, Eva

2014-11-01

265

Rectus Sheath Hematoma Mimicking Acute Abdominal Pain  

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Full Text Available Abdominal sheat hematoma is a rare cause of acute abdominal disorders and may be misdiagnosed from other causes of abdominal pain. Early diagnosis is mandatory in order to avoid morbidity or unnecessary surgery. We describe a case of an 55-year-old men receiving anticoagulants who presented with typical clinical manifestations of acute surgical abdomen. A computed tomography scans demonstrated a right rectus sheath hematoma. The patient was treated conservatively with success. It is important to recognize this entity of rectus sheath hematoma among patients complaining of acute abdominal pain. [Cukurova Med J 2012; 37(4.000: 243-246

Huseyin Narci

2012-08-01

266

Laparoscopic drainage of an intramural duodenal hematoma.  

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A 21-year-old man was admitted with vomiting and abdominal pain 3 days after sustaining blunt abdominal trauma by being tackled in a game of American football. A diagnosis of intramural hematoma of the duodenum was made using computed tomography and upper gastrointestinal tract contrast radiography. The hematoma caused obstructive jaundice by compressing the common bile duct. The contents of the hematoma were laparoscopically drained. A small perforation was then found in the duodenal wall. The patient underwent laparotomy and repair of the injury. Laparoscopic surgery can be used as definitive therapy in this type of abdominal trauma. PMID:10204621

Maemura, T; Yamaguchi, Y; Yukioka, T; Matsuda, H; Shimazaki, S

1999-02-01

267

4 cases of iliopsoas hematoma associated with hemophilia  

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Four patients were diagnosed as having iliopsoas hematoma associated with hemophilia by CT scanning. The site and disappearance of hematoma were observed on CT. It was suggested that hematoma occurs inside the iliacus or posoas muscle in cases of iliopsoas hematoma complicated by hemophilia or coagulation and that it occurs in the pelvic wall of the iliacus muscle in cases of iliopsoas hematoma uncomplicated by coagulation abnormality.

Oishi, Yukiyoshi; Iwata, Hisashi; Inoda, Kunio (Nagoya Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Medicine)

1984-03-01

268

4 cases of iliopsoas hematoma associated with hemophilia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Four patients were diagnosed as having iliopsoas hematoma associated with hemophilia by CT scanning. The site and disappearance of hematoma were observed on CT. It was suggested that hematoma occurs inside the iliacus or posoas muscle in cases of iliopsoas hematoma complicated by hemophilia or coagulation and that it occurs in the pelvic wall of the iliacus muscle in cases of iliopsoas hematoma uncomplicated by coagulation abnormality. (Namekawa, K.)

269

Delayed duodenal obstruction after intramural hematoma in a patient with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria: A case report  

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INTRODUCTION Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a clonal stem cell disorder of hematopoietic cells. Gastrointestinal complications of PNH are rare and mostly related with intravascular thrombosis or intramural hematoma. PRESENTATION OF CASE We describe a case of a man with PNH complicated by intramural duodenal hematoma initially treated with supportive care. Three months after his first admission; he was admitted to the emergency department with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. He had undergone to surgery because of duodenal obstruction was treated with duodenojejunal by-pass surgery. DISCUSSION Patients were healed from gastrointestinal complications could suffer from gastrointestinal strictures, which cause wide spread symptoms ranging from chronic abdominal pain and anorexia to intestinal obstruction. CONCLUSION We report a rare intestinal obstruction case caused by stricture at the level of ligamentum Treitz with PNH. The possibility simply has to be borne in mind that strictures can be occurring at hematoma, ischemia or inflammation site of gastrointestinal tract. PMID:25123648

Tezcaner, Tugan; Ekici, Yahya; K?rnap, Mahir; Kural, Feride; Moray, Gokhan

2014-01-01

270

Peri-ictal complexity loss as determined by approximate entropy analysis in the electrocorticogram obtained from chronic subdural recordings in patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy Análise por entropia aproximada da perda de complexidade peri-ictal no eletrocorticograma de pacientes com epilepsia refratária com origem no lobo temporal  

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Full Text Available RATIONALE: The development of closed-loop devices suitable for use in the treatment of epileptic patients would very likely rely on the adequate development of paradigms able to forecast the occurrence of seizures. In this paper, we studied the usefulness of approximate enthropy, of a non-linear paradigm, in this patient population. METHODS: We applied approximate entropy (ApEn analysis to study the variability in the complexity of the peri-ictal electrocorticogram (ECoG of patients with refractory epileptic seizures of the temporal lobe origin. Three patients were implanted with chronic subdural grids. The ApEn algorithm measured the complexity of interictal, peri-ictal and ictal phases. We selected one representative channel disclosing interictal activity for each patient and two channels per patient with ictal recordings. RESULTS: In all patients, we found one channel where the interictal activity registered in the ECoG was associated with high complexity and where ApEn was higher than 0.59. But in the other two channels, for each patient that presented interictal/ictal transitions, clinical manifestations of epileptic seizures occurred around 3.5 seconds after the entropy drop, when entropy was below 0.5. In contrast, when entropy was higher than 0.5, clinical manifestation occurred 9.5 seconds after the entropy drop. The 3.5 seconds shorter delay possibly indicates focal activity in the channel analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that ApEn may be a useful instrument for early detection of epileptic activity. Its application may be indicated for prevention and diagnosis of epileptic seizures.RACIONAL: O desenvolvimento de aparatos retroalimentáveis para o tratamento de pacientes epilépticos dependerá em grande parte do desenvolvimento adequado de paradigmas que possam antever as crises. Neste trabalho, estudamos a utilidade da entropia aproximada (ApEn, um paradigma não-linear, em pacientes portadores de epilepsia. MÉTODOS: Aplicamos a análise de entropia aproximada (ApEn no estudo de variabilidade da complexidade do eletrocorticograma (ECoG de pacientes com epilepsia refratária com origem no lobo temporal. Três pacientes foram implantados com matrizes de eletrodos subdurais. O algoritmo ApEn mediu a complexidade das fases interictal, peri-ictal e ictal. Selecionamos um canal representativo de cada paciente manifestando atividade interictal e dois canais de cada paciente com registro ictal. RESULTADOS: Em cada paciente, encontramos um canal cuja atividade interictal registrada no ECoG foi associada a alta complexidade com ApEn maior que 0.59. Nos outros dois canais, para cada paciente que apresentou transição interictal/ictal, as manifestações clínicas das crises epilépticas ocorreram cerca de 3.5 segundos depois após a queda da entropia abaixo de 0.5. Em comparação, quando a entropia foi maior que 0.5, as manifestações clínicas ocorreram 9,5 segundos após a queda da entropia. A curta latência (3.5 segundos indicou possivelmente o local de início da atividade focal. CONCLUSÕES: Nossos resultados sugerem que ApEn pode ser um instrumento útil na detecção precoce da atividade epiléptica. Sua aplicação pode estar indicada na prevenção ou diagnóstico das crises epilépticas.

Adhemar Pettri Filho

2006-12-01

271

Subdural injection of contrast medium as a complication of myelography  

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In a retrospective evaluation of 654 canine and feline myelograms, 58 were found to have been complicated by injection of the contrast medium into the subdural space. The medium was present predominantly dorsal to the spinalcord, with a sharp dorsal border and an undulating ventral border. Confirmation that this myelographic appearance was due to subdural localisation was achieved using fresh cadavers injected with contrast medium labelled with Indian ink. It was further showed that the dorsal accumulation of contrast medium was due to the denticulate ligaments which restricted the ventral extension of the contrast medium

272

Subdural Empyema Presenting with Seizure, Confusion, and Focal Weakness  

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Full Text Available While sinusitis is a common ailment, intracranial suppurative complications of sinusitis are rare and difficult to diagnose and treat. The morbidity and mortality of intracranial complications of sinusitis have decreased significantly since the advent of antibiotics, but diseases such as subdural empyemas and intracranial abscesses still occur, and they require prompt diagnosis, treatment, and often surgical drainage to prevent death or long-term neurologic sequelae. We present a case of an immunocompetent adolescent male with a subdural empyema who presented with seizures,confusion, and focal arm weakness after a bout of sinusitis.

David I Bruner

2012-12-01

273

Spinal Epidural Hematoma after Pain Control Procedure  

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Spinal epidural hematoma is a rare complication associated with pain control procedures such as facet block, acupuncture, epidural injection, etc. Although it is an uncommon cause of acute myelopathy, and it may require surgical evacuation. We report four patients with epidural hematoma developed after pain control procedures. Two procedures were facet joint blocks and the others were epidural blocks. Pain was the predominant initial symptom in these patients while two patients presented with...

Nam, Kyoung Hyup; Choi, Chang Hwa; Yang, Moon Seok; Kang, Dong Wan

2010-01-01

274

Ar em hematomas extradurais: relato de dois casos Air in extradural hematomas: report of two cases  

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Full Text Available Os autores relatam dois casos de presença de ar livre em hematoma extradural agudo. Trata-se de achado radiológico não incomum, mas que tem sido relatado infrequentemente na literatura.The authors report two cases of the presence of free air in acute extradural hematomas. This is not an unusual radiological finding which has been infrequently reported in the literature.

M. A. Oliveira

1993-11-01

275

Sudden worsening after subdural haematoma surgery: will there be a corpus callosum injury?  

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We report a case of mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) which occurred after chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH) surgery. The patient was admitted to our hospital for drowsiness and marked asthenia. The cerebral CT scan revealed a CSDH and surgery allowed to improve the symptoms, but after several days we observed a sudden worsening. The patient developed left-sided myoclonic seizures followed by left hemiplegia and worsening drowsiness. Electrolytes imbalance and inflammatory causes were excluded. The CT scan showed a right cerebral swelling and the subsequent MRI revealed a single lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum, hyperintense on diffusion-weighted images. After osmotic therapy the patient improved and on day 10 of admission the MRI showed a complete resolution of the lesion. This is the first report that described an association between CSDH and MERS. Possible aetiopathogenetic mechanisms are discussed. PMID:24862419

Panciani, Pier Paolo; Roca, Elena; Lodoli, Giovanni; Fontanella, Marco Maria

2014-01-01

276

Nontraumatic spinal epidural hematomas. MR features  

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Purpose: Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is a rare clinical entity with a bleak outcome. The aim of our study was to establish the value of MR findings in the diagnosis of nontraumatic SEH. Material and Methods: Seven patients with nontraumatic SEH were examined by MR at 1.5 T. Two patients were under anticoagulation therapy with heparin, and 2 others were taking salicylic acid. One patient had lupus erythematodes with a marked thrombocytopenia. One patient had a spinal arteriovenous malformation. Results: MR imaging permitted the accurate localization of extradural intraspinal expansive lesions which exhibited the characteristic signal intensities of blood. Five patients underwent laminectomy and evacuation of the hematoma. In the acute phase, the hematomas appeared isointense when compared with the spinal cord on T1-weighted images and hyperintense on T2-weighted images. Later the hematomas were hyperintense on T1-weighted images and showed signals identical to those of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on T2-weighted images. Conclusion: MR imaging established the exact diagnosis and localization of SEH in all cases. MR also can provide useful information about the age of the hematomas. (orig.).

Loevblad, K.O. [Dept. of Neuroradiology, Inselspital, Univ. Bern (Switzerland); Baumgartner, R.W. [Dept. of Neurology, Inselspital, Univ. Bern (Switzerland); Zambaz, B.D. [Dept. of Neurosurgery, Inselspital, Univ. Bern (Switzerland); Remonda, L. [Dept. of Neuroradiology, Inselspital, Univ. Bern (Switzerland); Ozdoba, C. [Dept. of Neuroradiology, Inselspital, Univ. Bern (Switzerland); Schroth, G. [Dept. of Neuroradiology, Inselspital, Univ. Bern (Switzerland)

1997-01-01

277

Nontraumatic spinal epidural hematomas. MR features  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is a rare clinical entity with a bleak outcome. The aim of our study was to establish the value of MR findings in the diagnosis of nontraumatic SEH. Material and Methods: Seven patients with nontraumatic SEH were examined by MR at 1.5 T. Two patients were under anticoagulation therapy with heparin, and 2 others were taking salicylic acid. One patient had lupus erythematodes with a marked thrombocytopenia. One patient had a spinal arteriovenous malformation. Results: MR imaging permitted the accurate localization of extradural intraspinal expansive lesions which exhibited the characteristic signal intensities of blood. Five patients underwent laminectomy and evacuation of the hematoma. In the acute phase, the hematomas appeared isointense when compared with the spinal cord on T1-weighted images and hyperintense on T2-weighted images. Later the hematomas were hyperintense on T1-weighted images and showed signals identical to those of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on T2-weighted images. Conclusion: MR imaging established the exact diagnosis and localization of SEH in all cases. MR also can provide useful information about the age of the hematomas. (orig.)

278

Serial MR Imaging of Intramuscular Hematoma: Experimental Study in a Rat Model with the Pathologic Correlation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We wanted to demonstrate the temporal changes of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in experimentally-induced intramuscular hematomas in rats and to correlate these data with the concurrent pathologic observations. Intramuscular hematoma was induced in 30 rats. The MR images were obtained at 1, 4, 7 and 10 days and at 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after muscle injury. The characteristic serial MRI findings were evaluated and the relative signal intensities were calculated. Pathologic specimens were obtained at each time point. On the T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), the intramuscular hematomas exhibited isointensity compared to that of muscle or the development of a high signal intensity (SI) rim on day one after injury. The high SI persisted until eight weeks after injury. On the T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), the hematomas showed high SI or centrally low SI on day one after injury, and mainly high SI after four days. A dark signal rim was apparent after seven days, which was indicative of hemosiderin on the pathology. The gradient echo (GRE) imaging yielded dark signal intensities at all stages. Unlike brain hematomas, experimentally-induced intramuscular hematomas show increased SI on both the T1WI and T2WI from the acute stage onward, and this is pathologically correlated with a rich blood supply and rapid healing response to injury in the muscle. On the T2WI and GRE imaging, high SI with a peripheral dark signal rim is apparent from seven days to the chronic stage

279

Rectus sheath hematoma: three case reports  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Rectus sheath hematoma is an uncommon cause of acute abdominal pain. It is an accumulation of blood in the sheath of the rectus abdominis, secondary to rupture of an epigastric vessel or muscle tear. It could occur spontaneously or after trauma. They are usually located infraumblically and often misdiagnosed as acute abdomen, inflammatory diseases or tumours of the abdomen. Case presentation We reported three cases of rectus sheath hematoma presenting with a mass in the abdomen and diagnosed by computerized tomography. The patients recovered uneventfully after bed rest, intravenous fluid replacement, blood transfusion and analgesic treatment. Conclusion Rectus sheath hematoma is a rarely seen pathology often misdiagnosed as acute abdomen that may lead to unnecessary laparotomies. Computerized tomography must be chosen for definitive diagnosis since ultrasonography is subject to error due to misinterpretation of the images. Main therapy is conservative management.

Kapan Selin

2008-01-01

280

Computer tomography of intracranial tumours and hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The value of computed tomography (CT) for the diagnosis of intracranial tumors and hematomas was investigated in a retrospective study comprising 220 patients. All C.T.scans are reviewed and described in detail. To assess the diagnostic accuracy, the original interpretation of the C.T.scans was compared with that of conventional neuroradiological and neurophysiological examinations. The aspect on C.T. of the various types of tumors and hematomas proved to vary widely and specific features were seldom seen. This holds particularly for the malignant tumors. Benign tumors such as meningeomas, adenomas and neurilemmomas showed a rather easily identifiable and almost identical picture of the C.T.scan, and diagnosis had to be based mainly on differences in localization. The hematomas, with the exception of the older intracerebral ones, showed the most characteristic C.T.abnormalities. (Auth.)

 
 
 
 
281

Preoperative cisternoscintigraphy as a guide to therapeutic decision making for cystic subdural hygroma: case report  

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We report a case of a patient with cystic subdural hygroma who underwent pre-operative Tc-99m DTPA cistrenoscintigraphy to determine the course of operation. A 68-year-old female was admitted to the department of neurosurgery because of scute subarachnoid hemorrhage. After emergency ventricular drainage, the hydrocephalus and cystic subdural hygroma in the right fronto-temporal area developed. She underwent Tc-99m DTPA cisternoscintigraphy to evaluate the type of hydrocephalus, which revealed obstructive communicating hydrocephalus and the communication between the subdural hygroma and the subarachnoid space. As a result of these findings, she underwent the ventriculo-peritoneal shunt operation without removal of the subdural hygroma. Post-operative brain CT showed nearly normalized shape and size of the right ventricle and disappearance of subdural hygroma. We recommend the pre-operative cisternoscintigraphy in patients with complex hygroma to evaluate the communication between subdural hygroma and the subarachnoid space.

Kim, Sung Min; Bom, Hee Seung; Song, Ho Chun; Min, Jung Jun; Jeong, Hwan Jeong; Kim, Ji Yeul [Chonnam National Univ. College of Medicine, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

2000-08-01

282

Preoperative cisternoscintigraphy as a guide to therapeutic decision making for cystic subdural hygroma: case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a case of a patient with cystic subdural hygroma who underwent pre-operative Tc-99m DTPA cistrenoscintigraphy to determine the course of operation. A 68-year-old female was admitted to the department of neurosurgery because of scute subarachnoid hemorrhage. After emergency ventricular drainage, the hydrocephalus and cystic subdural hygroma in the right fronto-temporal area developed. She underwent Tc-99m DTPA cisternoscintigraphy to evaluate the type of hydrocephalus, which revealed obstructive communicating hydrocephalus and the communication between the subdural hygroma and the subarachnoid space. As a result of these findings, she underwent the ventriculo-peritoneal shunt operation without removal of the subdural hygroma. Post-operative brain CT showed nearly normalized shape and size of the right ventricle and disappearance of subdural hygroma. We recommend the pre-operative cisternoscintigraphy in patients with complex hygroma to evaluate the communication between subdural hygroma and the subarachnoid space.=20

283

Atypical CT findings of acute epidural hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One of the classic CT findings is characterized by a lenticular high density in acute epidural hematomas. However, several atypical CT findings in acute epidural hematomas have been reported lately. We have ourselves met three cases of acute epidural hematomas, in which there were low-or isodensity spots within typical high-density areas. Case 1: a 74-year-old male, a victim of a traffic accident, showing a high degree of anemia (Ht: 14%, Hb: 2.8 g/dl.) secondary to massive subcutaneous hemorrhage resulting from traumatic DIC. His CT, taken 12 hours after the head injury, disclosed bubble-like low density spots in a typical high-density area. Case 2: a 9-month-old baby boy, who had fallen to the ground from a height of 25 cm, was also anemic on admission (Ht: 17%, Hb: 5.2 g/dl.). An initial CT-scan, 7 hours after head injury, again disclosed a huge low density spot in the center of a typical high-density area. Case 3: an 11-year-old girl, involved in a car accident. A CT-scan, taken 4.5 hours after head injury, showed a low-density spot in the center of a high-density area. In her case, however, there was no evidence of significant anemia. In these three cases, the CT findings were close to one another in appearance, namely, classic lenticular high-density areas, spotted with round low-or isodensity areas within those hematomas. The causative factors have been thought be one of the following: a markedly low hemoglobin value, a time difference in the coagulation process within the same hematomas, or a possible leakage of CSF into the hematomas from a dural tear. It seemed that no single causative factor was responsible in these three cases; rather, it seems that multiple factors had progressed simultaneously. (author)

284

Hematoma retroperitoneal espontáneo: Caso clínico Spontaneous retroperitoneal hematoma: Report of one case  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Spontaneous retroperitoneal hematoma is a rare condition. We report a 78 year-old man with progressive pain in his right thigh and hip lasting one week. The pain subsequently was associated with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant. Physical examination revealed pain to deep palpation of the area, associated with a diffuse positive rebound pain. An abdominal and pelvis CT scan showed an extensive mesenteric hematoma. During surgery, a large retroperitoneal encapsulated hematoma, without evidence of active bleeding, was found and drained. Pathology confirmed the diagnosis and was negative for cancer (RevMéd Chile 2007; 135:1044-7

Carlos Alvarez Z

2007-08-01

285

Pulsative hematoma: A penile fracture complication  

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Full Text Available Background. Fracture of the penis is a direct blunt trauma of the erect or semi-erect penis. It can be treated by conservative or surgical means. Retrospective analyses of conservative penile fracture treatment reveal frequent immediate and later complications. Case report. We presented a 41- year-old patient with pulsative hematoma caused by an unusual fracture of the penis. Fracture had appeared 40 days before the admittance during a sexual intercourse. The patient was treated surgically. Conclusion. Pulsative hematoma (pulsative diverticulum is a very rare, early complication of a conservatively treated penile fracture. Surgical treatment has an advantage over surgical one, which was confirmed by our case report.

Nale ?or?e

2007-01-01

286

Development of a Perirenal Hematoma after Hula-Hooping  

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The development of a perirenal hematoma is rare and primarily the result of trauma, malignancy, or a connective tissue disease. Infrequently, a continuous or even mild trauma can cause a perirenal hematoma. Here, we report a case involving the development of a perirenal hematoma after excessive hula-hooping in the absence of a major trauma history.

Park, Sung Keun; Kim, Hyang; Lhee, Hyun Young; Lee, Kyu Beck

2007-01-01

287

Percutaneous catheter drainage of complicated traumatic perirenal hematoma: case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A perirenal hematoma very commonly occurs after trauma. Treatment differs according to the degree of renal injury, though many cases are managed conservatively and complications are rare. We report tow cases in which successful treatment of a perirenal hematoma involved percutaneous catheter drainage; in one there was bowel obstruction, and in the other the hematoma was infected

288

Percutaneous catheter drainage of complicated traumatic perirenal hematoma: case report  

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A perirenal hematoma very commonly occurs after trauma. Treatment differs according to the degree of renal injury, though many cases are managed conservatively and complications are rare. We report tow cases in which successful treatment of a perirenal hematoma involved percutaneous catheter drainage; in one there was bowel obstruction, and in the other the hematoma was infected.

Han, Young Min; Jin, Kong Yong; Jeong, Su Hyun; Park, Jong Kwan [Chonbuk National University Medical School, Chonju (Korea, Republic of)

2002-08-01

289

Bowel hematoma following an iliohypogastric-ilioinguinal nerve block.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of a subserosal small bowel hematoma following an ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric nerve block for an appendicectomy in a 6-year-old girl. The bowel hematoma was noted in the wall of the terminal ileum after opening the peritoneum. The hematoma was nonobstructing and the child remained asymptomatic. We discuss the technical aspects of this block. PMID:16918666

Frigon, Chantal; Mai, Ryan; Valois-Gomez, Teresa; Desparmet, Joëlle

2006-09-01

290

Paradigms for subdural grids' implantation in patients with refractory epilepsy  

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Full Text Available RATIONALE: The need for invasive monitoring in patients with refractory epilepsy has been greatly reduced by the introduction of new technologies such as PET, SPECT and MRI in the clinical practice. On the other hand, 10 to 30% of the patients with refractory epilepsy have non-localizatory non-invasive preoperative work-up results. This paper reports on the paradigms for subdural electrodes implantation in patients with different refractory epileptic syndromes. METHODS: Twenty-nine adult refractory epileptic patients were studied. Patients were divided into five different epileptic syndromes that represented the majority of the patients who needed invasive recordings: bitemporal (Group I; n=16 , bi-frontal-mesial (Group II, n=5, hemispheric (Group III; n=2, anterior quadrant (Group IV; n=3 and posterior quadrant (Group V; n=3. All of them were submitted to extensive subdural electrodes' implantation (from 64 to 160 contacts covering all the cortical surface potentially involved in epileptogenesis under general anesthesia. Results: All patients tolerated well the procedure. There was no sign or symptom of intracranial hypertension except for headache in 22 patients. In all except one Group II patient, prolonged electrocorticographic monitoring using the described subdural cortical coverage patterns was able to define a focal area amenable for resection. In all Groups II-V patients cortical stimulation was able to adequately map the rolandic and speach areas as necessary. CONCLUSION: Despite recent technological advances invasive neurophysiological studies are still necessary in some patients with refractory epilepsy. The standardization of the paradigms for subdural implantation coupled to the study of homogeneous patients' populations as defined by MRI will certainly lead to a better understanding of the pathophysiology involved in such cases and an improved surgical outcome.

CUKIERT ARTHUR

2000-01-01

291

A hybrid PDMS-Parylene subdural multi-electrode array  

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In this paper, we report on a cost effective and simple method for fabricating a flexible multi-electrode array for subdural neural recording. The electrode was fabricated using a PDMS-Parylene bilayer to combine the major advantages of both materials. Mechanical and electrical characterizations were performed to confirm functionality of a 16-site electrode array under various flexed/bent conditions. The electrode array was helically wound around a 3 mm diameter cylindrical tube and laid over...

Ochoa, Manuel; Wei, Pinghung; Wolley, Andrew; Otto, Kevin J.; Ziaie, Babak

2013-01-01

292

Hematomas intracranianos isodensos: estudo de cinco casos Isodense intracranial hematomas: report of 5 cases  

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Full Text Available Registro de 5 casos de hematomas intracranianos isodensos diagnosticados mediante tomografia computadorizada craniana, confirmados por exame angio-gráfico e cirurgia. São discutidos aspectos radiológicos encontrados e ressaltados os achados tomográficos que podem facilitar o diagnóstico.The authors report 5 cases of isodense intracranial hematomas identified by computorized tomography and confirmed by angiography and surgical procedures. Radiological aspects are discussed and tomographic signals are emphasized.

Lamartine C. de Moraes Junior

1985-03-01

293

Subcapsular hepatic hematoma. Serious complication during pregnancy Hematoma subcapsular hepático. Grave complicación del embarazo  

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Subcapsular hepatic hematoma is a rare complication during pregnancy, but potentially lethal and usually related to severe pre-eclampsia or HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and diminished platelets). Maternal and perinatal mortality in these cases is high, hence the importance of early diagnosis and timely and multidisciplinary treatment. This paper is a review on the subject, held in Ebsco, Hinari and Sci databases.El hematoma subcapsular hepático es una complicación r...

Viviana de la Caridad Sáez Cantero; María Teresa Pérez Hernández

2010-01-01

294

Type III Rectus Sheath Hematoma: A Case Report  

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Full Text Available A rectus sheath hematoma occurs an accumulation of blood in the sheath of the rectus abdominis, secondary to rupture of an epigastric arteries or their branches or rectus muscle tear. The choice of effective treatment of rectus sheath hematoma and the decision to admit the patient to hospital depends on the degree of haemodynamic compromise, coagulation status as well as the type of the hematoma on abdominopelvic computerized tomography scans. In this article, we report a case of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma presenting with acute abdominal pain associated with a palpable abdominal wall mass. Furthermore, diagnosis, classification, and management of rectus sheath hematoma in the emergency room are discussed.

Yalç?n GÖLCÜK

2012-01-01

295

Groin hematoma after electrophysiological procedures-incidence and predisposing factors  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Objectives. We evaluated the incidence and predisposing factors of groin hematomas after electrophysiological (EP) procedures. Design. Prospective, observational study, enrolling consecutive patients after EP procedures (Atrial fibrillation: n = 151; Supraventricular tachycardia/Diagnostic EP: n = 82; Ventricular tachycardia: n = 18). Patients underwent manual compression for 10 min and 3 h post procedural bed rest. AF ablations were performed with INR 2-3, ACT > 300, and no protamine sulfate. Adhesive pressure dressings (APDs) were used if sheath size ? 10F; procedural time > 120 min; and BMI > 30. Patient-reported hematomas were recorded by a telephone follow-up after 2 weeks. Results. Hematoma developed immediately in 26 patients (10%) and after 14 days significant hematoma was reported in 68 patients (27%). Regression analysis on sex, age, BMI 25, ACT 300, use of APD, sheath size and number, and complicated venous access was not associated with hematoma, either immediately after the procedure or after 14 days. Any hematoma presenting immediately after procedures was associated with patient-reported hematomas after 14 days, odds ratio 18.7 (CI 95%: 5.00-69.8; P < 0.001). Conclusions. Any hematoma immediately after EP procedures was the sole predictor of patient-reported hematoma after 2 weeks. Initiatives to prevent groin hematoma should focus on the procedure itself as well as post-procedural care.

Dalsgaard, Anja Borgen; Jakobsen, Christina Spåbæk

2014-01-01

296

Groin hematoma after electrophysiological procedures-incidence and predisposing factors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Objectives. We evaluated the incidence and predisposing factors of groin hematomas after electrophysiological (EP) procedures. Design. Prospective, observational study, enrolling consecutive patients after EP procedures (Atrial fibrillation: n = 151; Supraventricular tachycardia/Diagnostic EP: n = 82; Ventricular tachycardia: n = 18). Patients underwent manual compression for 10 min and 3 h post procedural bed rest. AF ablations were performed with INR 2-3, ACT > 300, and no protamine sulfate. Adhesive pressure dressings (APDs) were used if sheath size ? 10F; procedural time > 120 min; and BMI > 30. Patient-reported hematomas were recorded by a telephone follow-up after 2 weeks. Results. Hematoma developed immediately in 26 patients (10%) and after 14 days significant hematoma was reported in 68 patients (27%). Regression analysis on sex, age, BMI 25, ACT 300, use of APD, sheath size and number, and complicated venous access was not associated with hematoma, either immediately after the procedure or after 14 days. Any hematoma presenting immediately after procedures was associated with patient-reported hematomas after 14 days, odds ratio 18.7 (CI 95%: 5.00-69.8; P < 0.001). Conclusions. Any hematoma immediately after EP procedures was the sole predictor of patient-reported hematoma after 2 weeks. Initiatives to prevent groin hematoma should focus on the procedure itself as well as post-procedural care. PMID:25100659

Dalsgaard, Anja Borgen; Jakobsen, Christina Spåbæk; Riahi, Sam; Hjortshøj, Søren

2014-10-01

297

Hematomas espontáneos de la pared abdominal Spontaneous Hematomas of the abdominal wall  

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Full Text Available Introducción: El hematoma espontáneo de la pared abdominal (HEPA es una entidad de aparición infrecuente y de difícil diagnóstico debido a la similitud clínica con otros procesos agudos. Suele aparecer en pacientes que siguen tratamiento anticoagulante y se caracteriza por su forma de presentación brusca como dolor abdominal agudo. La cirugía puede evitarse en la mayoría de los casos si se diagnostica correctamente mediante pruebas de imagen. Observaciones clínicas: Presentamos 12 casos de HEPA tratados en nuestro Servicio entre los años 1999 y 2005, y realizamos una revisión de esta entidad en cuanto a etiología, factores desencadenantes, diagnóstico y tratamiento. Conclusión: El tratamiento del HEPA debe ser conservador, reservando la cirugía para aquellos casos que presenten deterioro hemodinámico por sangrado activoIntroduction: Spontaneous hematoma of the abdominal wall is infrequent and difficult to diagnose due to its clinical similarity with other acute processes. It is usually associated with patients undergoing anticoagulant therapy and is characterized for its form of abrupt presentation like acute abdominal pain. Surgery can be avoided in most patients if hematoma is correctly diagnosed by imaging tests. Clinical observations: We present 12 cases of spontaneous hematoma of the abdominal wall from 1999 through 2005 and we review the etiology, precipitating factors, diagnosis and treatment of this clinical entity. Conclusion: Treatment of spontaneous hematoma of abdominal wall must be preservative, reserving the surgery for those cases that present hemodynamic compromise by persistent hemorrhage

Rafael Cerdán P

2007-02-01

298

Hematomas espontáneos de la pared abdominal / Spontaneous Hematomas of the abdominal wall  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: El hematoma espontáneo de la pared abdominal (HEPA) es una entidad de aparición infrecuente y de difícil diagnóstico debido a la similitud clínica con otros procesos agudos. Suele aparecer en pacientes que siguen tratamiento anticoagulante y se caracteriza por su forma de presentación [...] brusca como dolor abdominal agudo. La cirugía puede evitarse en la mayoría de los casos si se diagnostica correctamente mediante pruebas de imagen. Observaciones clínicas: Presentamos 12 casos de HEPA tratados en nuestro Servicio entre los años 1999 y 2005, y realizamos una revisión de esta entidad en cuanto a etiología, factores desencadenantes, diagnóstico y tratamiento. Conclusión: El tratamiento del HEPA debe ser conservador, reservando la cirugía para aquellos casos que presenten deterioro hemodinámico por sangrado activo Abstract in english Introduction: Spontaneous hematoma of the abdominal wall is infrequent and difficult to diagnose due to its clinical similarity with other acute processes. It is usually associated with patients undergoing anticoagulant therapy and is characterized for its form of abrupt presentation like acute abdo [...] minal pain. Surgery can be avoided in most patients if hematoma is correctly diagnosed by imaging tests. Clinical observations: We present 12 cases of spontaneous hematoma of the abdominal wall from 1999 through 2005 and we review the etiology, precipitating factors, diagnosis and treatment of this clinical entity. Conclusion: Treatment of spontaneous hematoma of abdominal wall must be preservative, reserving the surgery for those cases that present hemodynamic compromise by persistent hemorrhage

Rafael, Cerdán P; Sandra, Paterna L; María Eugenia, Guillén S; Sonia, Cantín B; Joaquín, Bernal J; Jesús María, Esarte M.

299

Ultrasonographic findings of psoas abscess and hematoma  

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A retrospective analysis of the ultrasonographic findings of 9 cases tuberculous abscess, 5 cases of pyogenic abscess and 2 cases of hematoma of psoas and adjacent muscles was made. Fluid collection with or without internal echoes was seen in 12 cases out of total 16 cases. Other findings were 2 cases of only muscle swelling, 1 cases of highly echogenic mass-like appearance and 1 case of fluid collection with septae. Ultrasonography is considered an accurate method in identifying early pathologic changes of the psoas muscle and determining its extent, and in differentiating tumor from fluid collection of the psoas muscle. Authors dare to say that ultrasound examination is a procedure of choice in the diagnosis of psoas abscess and hematoma.

Kim, Eun Kyung; Lim, Jae Hoon; Ko, Young Tae; Choi, Yong Dae; Kim, Ho Kyun; Kim, Soon Yong [Kyung Hee University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1984-06-15

300

Ultrasonographic findings of psoas abscess and hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A retrospective analysis of the ultrasonographic findings of 9 cases tuberculous abscess, 5 cases of pyogenic abscess and 2 cases of hematoma of psoas and adjacent muscles was made. Fluid collection with or without internal echoes was seen in 12 cases out of total 16 cases. Other findings were 2 cases of only muscle swelling, 1 cases of highly echogenic mass-like appearance and 1 case of fluid collection with septae. Ultrasonography is considered an accurate method in identifying early pathologic changes of the psoas muscle and determining its extent, and in differentiating tumor from fluid collection of the psoas muscle. Authors dare to say that ultrasound examination is a procedure of choice in the diagnosis of psoas abscess and hematoma

 
 
 
 
301

MR imaging of epidural hematoma in the lumbar spine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To bring attention to the MR imaging appearance of epidural hematoma (EDH) in the lumbar spine as a small mass often associated with disk herniation or an acute event. This paper will show our experience with this entity and describe criteria for its MR imaging appearance. Design and patients. Thirteen cases of prospectively diagnosed EDH of the lumbar spine were compared with 12 cases of prospectively diagnosed prominent epidural extrusion. Our criteria were retrospectively evaluated by the two authors for their presence or absence in each case. The chi-square test for nominal data was applied. MR imaging criteria utilized to distinguish EDH from disk herniation at our institution include: (1) signal different from disk, (2) high signal on T1-weighted images, either centrally or peripherally, (3) teardrop- or egg-shaped mass, in the sagittal plane, (4) size greater than half the vertebral body height in a craniocaudal dimension, (5) primarily retrosomatic epidural location, (6) plasticity - the mass is seen to conform closely to the contours of bone (e.g., in the lateral recess), (7) little or no disk space narrowing unless associated with disc herniation. Chi-square analysis demonstrated each criterion to significantly differentiate between EDH and extrusion. Only six of 13 EDH cases went to surgery in spite of their relatively large size. Two of six patients were diagnosed as having epidural clot consistent with hematoma at the time of surgery. The four patients wh the time of surgery. The four patients who were not diagnosed at surgery revealed only small disk herniations or fragments of disk. The occurrence of EDH is more frequent than previously suspected. Spontaneous EDH is frequently associated with disk herniation and acute events such as sneezing or coughing. Most cases of spontaneous EDH will resolve prior to surgery with only the minority becoming chronic in order to be seen at surgery as an encapsulated mass. MR imaging can reliably identify EDH and distinguish between EDH and large disk extrusions. (orig.)

302

A new treatment for hypertensive intracerebral hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Durining the last 2 years, 46 cases of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage in the basal ganglia were treated by CT guided stereotactic aspiration and their outcome was evaluated in terms of the rate of hematoma removal, the change of consciousness level and the recovery of motor and sensory functions. They are aged from 45 to 79 years old, the average 56, and aspirated 1 to 24 days after the onset, two third of them being within 1 week. The whole procedure was done in the CT room under direct CT guidance and by one trial. In putaminal type hemorrhage, the removed hematoma volumes ranged from 9 to 48 ml, average being 23.7 ml, in thalamic type from 5 to 29 ml, average being 15.5 ml. The average rate of removal was 81.1 % in 30 cases within 1 week. In most cases, preoperative consciousness was not severely disturbed, in putaminal type, 19 were alert or confused, 4 somnolent, 5 stuperous and in thalamic type, 6, 6, 3 respectively and 2 were semicomatous, one of them had herniation sign. In putaminal type all but 2 cases recovered to alert or confused state, the first one had postoperative bleeding and the other was already apallic preoperatively. In thalamic type, we lost 3 cases, 2 by gastrointestinal bleeding and 1 DIC, by rehemorrhage 2 months after the operation. All but one who was semicomatous preoperatively recovered to alertness. In motor function, some cases of the putaminal bleeding with intact internal capsule remained hemiplegic. On the other hand, most of the cases with partial destruction of the internal capsule on CT recovered well in both types of hematoma. Especially in thalamic type, only 2 had inability to walk durinig the follow-up period. In sensory function, two thirds of the cases recovered to almost normal level. CT guided stereotactic aspiration, therefore, can be evaluated as less invasive and more definitive treatment for intracerebral hematoma in the basal ganglia. (author)

303

Idiopathic adrenal hematoma masquerading as neoplasm.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report herein a case of idiopathic adrenal hematoma. A 59-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital for evaluation of a 7.0 cm mass in the right upper abdominal cavity. The tumor was suspected to originate from either the posterior segment of the liver or the right adrenal gland. His chief complaint was weight loss of 8 kg over the previous 6 months. He had no past medical history and took no medications, including no anticoagulants. Laboratory data were almost normal except for a slight elevation of PIVKA-II. The origin of the tumor was found to be the adrenal gland, as angiography revealed the blood supply to the mass to derive from the right superior and inferior adrenal arteries. A fine needle biopsy of the lesion was unable to confirm the diagnosis. Open right adrenalectomy was performed. The histopathological findings of the surgical specimen revealed a hematoma with normal adrenal tissue. In the absence of any obvious etiology, the diagnosis was idiopathic adrenal hematoma. PMID:22679406

Sasaki, Kazuki; Yamada, Terumasa; Gotoh, Kunihito; Kittaka, Hirotada; Takahashi, Hidenori; Yano, Masahiko; Ohigashi, Hiroaki; Ishikawa, Osamu

2012-01-01

304

Surgical treatment of supra- and infratentorial epidural hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Supra- and infratentorial acute epidural hematoma (SIEDH) is a common type of posterior fossa epidural hematoma (PFEDH), representing 11- 64% of all PFEDHs. Although SIEDH is associated with typical characteristics, it might be difficult to diagnose when presenting as infratentorial acute epidural hematoma, which is clinically silent and has nonspecific symptoms. However, this type of hematoma can often be rapidly deteriorating, causing a sharp rise in intracranial pressure that leads to a life-threatening foramen magnum herniation. Early diagnosis and management of SIEDH are imperative. Traditional surgical management has always required relatively large craniotomies, larger than the hematoma itself, to expose its edge, and then tack up the dura matter). It usually opens the window and emphasizes retention of the bone bridge outside the transverse sinus. This method can effectively eliminate the hematoma, but it is associated with larger postoperative wound, longer operation time, larger skull defect, and more complications. Hence, exploration into a better surgical method is direly needed. PMID:23756966

Xiaoyu, Wang; Guoping, Li

2013-01-01

305

Subdural injection of contrast medium during cervical myelography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Three patients (1 dog, 2 horses) are described where myelography was complicated, purportedly by injection of contrast medium into the meninges superficial to the subarachnoid space, Contrast medium injected in this location in a cadaver tended to accumulate dorsally within the vertebral canal, deep to the dura mater but superficial to the subarachnoid space, The ventral margin of the pooled contrast medium had a wavy or undulating margin and the dorsal margin was smooth, pooled contrast medium was believed to be sequestered within the structurally weak dural border cell layer between the dura mater and arachnoid membrane, or the so-called subdural space

306

Hematoma retroperitoneal espontáneo: Caso clínico / Spontaneous retroperitoneal hematoma: Report of one case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Spontaneous retroperitoneal hematoma is a rare condition. We report a 78 year-old man with progressive pain in his right thigh and hip lasting one week. The pain subsequently was associated with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant. Physical examination revealed pain to deep palpation of the a [...] rea, associated with a diffuse positive rebound pain. An abdominal and pelvis CT scan showed an extensive mesenteric hematoma. During surgery, a large retroperitoneal encapsulated hematoma, without evidence of active bleeding, was found and drained. Pathology confirmed the diagnosis and was negative for cancer (RevMéd Chile 2007; 135:1044-7)

Carlos, Alvarez Z; César, Cerda C; Andrés, Jadue T; Francisco, Rojas R; Millarai, Abelleira P; Carlos, Hermansen T; Francisco, Gatica J.

307

Langerhans' cell histiocytosis presenting with an intracranial epidural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An 8-year-old boy developed vomiting and severe headache following minor head trauma. A CT scan of the head demonstrated a lytic lesion of the skull and adjacent epidural hematoma. Surgical evacuation and removal of the skull lesion and hematoma were carried out, and pathologic evaluation resulted in a diagnosis of Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (LCH). Epidural involvement of Langerhans' cell histiocytosis is very rare, and we report the first case of LCH presenting as an intracranial epidural hematoma. (orig.)

308

Retroclival epidural hematoma secondary to a longitudinal clivus fracture.  

Science.gov (United States)

Retroclival epidural hematomas (RCEDH) make part of posterior fossa epidural hematomas (PFEDH) and represent an extremely rare entity not always easily diagnosed with computerized tomography (CT) due to beam hardening artifacts. The authors present a case of a child-to our knowledge-the first reported until now-featured the rare combination of a longitudinal clivus fracture associated with concomitant epidural hematoma treated conservatively with favorable outcome of the patient. PMID:16311151

Paterakis, Konstantinos N; Karantanas, Apostolos H; Hadjigeorgiou, Georgios M; Anagnostopoulos, Vassilios; Karavelis, Antonios

2005-12-01

309

Role of CT in evaluation of iliopsoas hematomas in hemophiliacs  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Four iliopsoas hematomas in hemophiliacs are reported, evaluating the diagnostic role of CT. The specificity of the method is stressed in showing the morphological and densitometric patterns, which allow to localize the hematoma, to state the originating structures, and follow its evolution. Comparing the obtained results to those found in literature, the authors suggest the use of CT in any hemophiliac in which a retroperitonal hematoma is suspected

310

Bilateral isodense epidural hematoma: case report / Hematoma epidural isodenso bilateral: relato de caso  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Apresentamos o caso de um homem de 23 anos com traumatismo craniano grave. A TC de crânio demonstrou um volumoso hematoma epidural bilateral, isodenso com o cérebro, sendo uma armadilha ao diagnóstico. São apresentados um breve relato, estudo da imagem tomográfica e revisão da literatura. [...] Abstract in english We present a case of a severe head injuried 23 year-old male patient. The initial CT scan disclosed bilateral epidural hematoma, isodense with the brain, thus being a pitfall in diagnosis. Brief case report, image and literature rewiew are presented. [...

Rodrigo, Mendonça; Telmo T.F., Lima; Leandro I., Dini; Cláudio L.L., Krebs.

311

Cisto aracnoideo intracraniano associado com higroma subdural: registro de um caso / Intracranial arachnoid cyst with subdural hygroma: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Relata-se o caso de um menino de 10 anos com um cisto aracnóideo congênito na fossa média direita. Os sintomas foram precipitados por traumatismo crânio-encefálico de moderada intensidade ocorrido alguns dias antes do inicio do quadro clínico. A tomografia axial computadorizada demonstrou a presença [...] de higroma subdural fronto-parietal direito, responsável pela síndrome de hipertensão intracraniana. A influência do cisto na formação do higroma é sugerida. Os mecanismos de crescimento, a etiologia, aspectos clínicos, o diagnóstico e o tratamento cirúrgico dos cistos aracnóideos são discutidos. Abstract in english A case of a 10-year-old boy with a congenital arachnoid cyst in the right middle cranial fossa is reported. The symptoms were precipitated by head injury of moderate intensity, occurred some days before the beginning of the clinical picture. The computerized tomography has demonstrated the existence [...] of a simultaneous right fronto-parietal subdural hygroma that was responsible for the intracranial hypertension syndrome. The influence of the cyst in the hygroma formation has been suggested. The mechanisms of growth, the etiology, clinical aspects, the diagnostics and the surgical treatment of the arachnoid cysts are discussed.

Aloisio C., Tortelly-Costa; Marcos R. G. de, Freitas; Roberto Mauro S. de, Sá; Benjamim F., Silva.

312

Cisto aracnoideo intracraniano associado com higroma subdural: registro de um caso Intracranial arachnoid cyst with subdural hygroma: a case report  

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Full Text Available Relata-se o caso de um menino de 10 anos com um cisto aracnóideo congênito na fossa média direita. Os sintomas foram precipitados por traumatismo crânio-encefálico de moderada intensidade ocorrido alguns dias antes do inicio do quadro clínico. A tomografia axial computadorizada demonstrou a presença de higroma subdural fronto-parietal direito, responsável pela síndrome de hipertensão intracraniana. A influência do cisto na formação do higroma é sugerida. Os mecanismos de crescimento, a etiologia, aspectos clínicos, o diagnóstico e o tratamento cirúrgico dos cistos aracnóideos são discutidos.A case of a 10-year-old boy with a congenital arachnoid cyst in the right middle cranial fossa is reported. The symptoms were precipitated by head injury of moderate intensity, occurred some days before the beginning of the clinical picture. The computerized tomography has demonstrated the existence of a simultaneous right fronto-parietal subdural hygroma that was responsible for the intracranial hypertension syndrome. The influence of the cyst in the hygroma formation has been suggested. The mechanisms of growth, the etiology, clinical aspects, the diagnostics and the surgical treatment of the arachnoid cysts are discussed.

Aloisio C. Tortelly-Costa

1985-03-01

313

Hematoma espontáneo paracavernoso / Spontaneuos haematoma for paracavernoso  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se presenta un caso de hematoma perineal de disposición fusiforme, dependiente de los cuerpos cavernosos pero con integridad de los mismos, sin repercusión sobre la capacidad eréctil y sin antecedente causal conocido. Etiopatología, diagnóstico y tratamiento son analizados. [...] Abstract in english We report a case of spontaneous, perineal haematoma depending on corpora cavernosa but without injury of them. No erectile dysfunction was associated. Not traumatic injury was known. Etiopathology, diagnosis and treatment are analyses. [...

R.H., Martínez-Rodríguez; C., Gutiérrez-Ruiz; F., Rodríguez-Escovar; O., Angerri; J., Sarquella Geli; H., Villavicencio Mavrich.

2007-08-01

314

Idiopathic Adrenal Hematoma Masquerading as Neoplasm  

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We report herein a case of idiopathic adrenal hematoma. A 59-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital for evaluation of a 7.0 cm mass in the right upper abdominal cavity. The tumor was suspected to originate from either the posterior segment of the liver or the right adrenal gland. His chief complaint was weight loss of 8 kg over the previous 6 months. He had no past medical history and took no medications, including no anticoagulants. Laboratory data were almost normal except for a...

Sasaki, Kazuki; Yamada, Terumasa; Gotoh, Kunihito; Kittaka, Hirotada; Takahashi, Hidenori; Yano, Masahiko; Ohigashi, Hiroaki; Ishikawa, Osamu

2012-01-01

315

Vertex epidural hematoma neuroradiological findings and management. A case report  

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Epidural hematomas occurring at the vertex are uncommon, and they can be difficult to diagnose by axial CT. We report a case of acute traumatic vertex epidural hematoma, which resolved spontaneously with time. We stress the importance of MR investigations in this diagnostic challenge.

Server, A.; Tollesson, G.; Solgaard, T.; Haakonsen, M.; Johnsen, U.L.H. [Ullevaal Univ. Hospital, Oslo (Norway). Depts. of Neuroradiology

2002-09-01

316

Vertex epidural hematoma neuroradiological findings and management. A case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Epidural hematomas occurring at the vertex are uncommon, and they can be difficult to diagnose by axial CT. We report a case of acute traumatic vertex epidural hematoma, which resolved spontaneously with time. We stress the importance of MR investigations in this diagnostic challenge

317

Subgaleal hematoma presenting as a manifestation of Factor XIII deficiency  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Extracranial hematoma without significant head trauma is uncommon. We discuss a 9-year-old girl who presented with sudden head swelling, bilateral proptosis, extraocular muscle palsy, and progressive visual disturbance after hair braiding. The diagnosis of a large subgaleal hematoma with extension into the superior aspect of the orbits was made, requiring surgical drainage. Hematologic workup revealed an underlying Factor XIII deficiency. (orig.)

318

Subgaleal hematoma presenting as a manifestation of Factor XIII deficiency  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Extracranial hematoma without significant head trauma is uncommon. We discuss a 9-year-old girl who presented with sudden head swelling, bilateral proptosis, extraocular muscle palsy, and progressive visual disturbance after hair braiding. The diagnosis of a large subgaleal hematoma with extension into the superior aspect of the orbits was made, requiring surgical drainage. Hematologic workup revealed an underlying Factor XIII deficiency. (orig.)

Kim, Don; Taragin, Benjamin [Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY (United States)

2009-06-15

319

Subcapsular hematoma of the liver in a neonate: case report  

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Subcapsular hematoma of the liver in the neonate is an uncommon clinical presentation, although these tumors are frequently found upon perinatal autopsy. We describe the sonographic and MR findings of a subcapsular hematoma of the liver in a neonate having a clinical history of an inserted umbilical venous catheter, necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis, and we also include a review of the relevant literature.

Im, Soo Ah; Lim, Gye Yeon [The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2005-07-15

320

Preseptal Cellulitis and Subdural Empyema as a Complication of Frontal Sinusitis  

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Full Text Available Acute bacterial sinusitis in children can be complicated by orbital or periorbital cellulitis, and epidural, subdural, or brain abscesses. Despite advances in imaging and the availability of antibiotics, subdural empyema remains a disease process that carries significant morbidity and mortality. Subdural empyema is usually accepted as a neurosurgical emergency that requires drainage. However, prompt initiation of proper antibiotics with close observation and follow-up of the patient saves the patient from invasive cranial and sinus surgery and their potential complications. Early diagnosis and proper treatment (including surgery where needed decrease mortality in patients with this disease.We report a 12 years old male patient who developed periorbital cellulitis and left sided subdural empyema and was healed by prompt institution of proper antibiotics without surgery.

Nuri Bayram

2010-06-01

 
 
 
 
321

Bilateral subdural effusion and subcutaneous swelling with normally functioning csf shunt.  

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Full Text Available We report a child with hydrocephalus due to tuberculous meningitis who developed a subcutaneous fluid collection around the ventriculoperitoneal shunt tube entry point, after one month of shunting. On investigation, he had decompressed ventricles with bilateral fronto parietal subdural hygroma. Bifrontal burr hole drainage helped resolution of both subdural effusion and subcutaneous scalp swelling. This complication is unique and its pathogenesis has been postulated.

Mitra S

2001-04-01

322

Spontaneous bilateral subdural haematomas in the posterior cranial fossa revealed by MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 52-year-old woman treated for acute myeloproliferative disease developed progressive stupor. CT showed obstructive hydrocephalus resulting from unexplained mass effect on the fourth ventricle. MRI revealed bilateral extra-axial collections in the posterior cranial fossa, giving high signal on T1- and T2-weighted images, suggesting subacute subdural haematomas. Subdural haematomas can be suspected on CT when there is unexplained mass effect. MRI may be essential to confirm the diagnosis and plan appropriate treatment. (orig.)

323

Spontaneous bilateral subdural haematomas in the posterior cranial fossa revealed by MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A 52-year-old woman treated for acute myeloproliferative disease developed progressive stupor. CT showed obstructive hydrocephalus resulting from unexplained mass effect on the fourth ventricle. MRI revealed bilateral extra-axial collections in the posterior cranial fossa, giving high signal on T1- and T2-weighted images, suggesting subacute subdural haematomas. Subdural haematomas can be suspected on CT when there is unexplained mass effect. MRI may be essential to confirm the diagnosis and plan appropriate treatment. (orig.)

Pollo, C.; Porchet, F. [Department of Neurosurgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, 1011, Lausanne (Switzerland); Meuli, R. [Department of Radiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, 1011, Lausanne (Switzerland)

2003-08-01

324

Multiple subdural abscesses following colonic perforation - a rare complication of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of colonic perforation by a ventriculoperitoneal shunt, its subsequent migration and protrusion from the anal orifice is reported. The shunt reservoir and ventricular catheter were removed percutaneously, and the disconnected peritoneal catheter was pulled out through the anus. Blood culture grew Klebsiella pneumoniae and Streptococcus fecalis. CT scan showed multiple subdural abscesses with evidence of ventriculitis. Removal of the shunt (as described), evacuation of subdural pus and systemic antibiotics resulted in complete recovery. (orig.)

325

Unsuspected organic disease in chronic schizophrenia demonstrated by computed tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Unsuspected intracranial pathology was demonstrated in 12 of 136 chronic schizophrenic patients examined by computed tomography (CT). Seven cases of cerebral infarction were found, and one each of porencephalic cyst, meningioma, cystic enlargement of the pineal body, and two of subdural haematoma. Attention is drawn to the value of CT in demonstrating organic disease in schizophrenia. (author)

326

Hematoma epidural espinal espontâneo durante a gravidez: registro de um caso / Spontaneous epidural spinal hematoma during pregnancy: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Registro de caso de paciente no oitavo mês de gestação que desenvolveu hematoma epidural espinal espontâneo dorsolombar. A gravidez, determinando aumento da pressão intra-abdominal e, como consequência, aumento da pressão venosa no plexo epidural, poderia ter sido o fator desencadeante no hematoma- [...] A paciente foi submetida a cirurgia precocemente, porém não apresentou recuperação do déficit sensitivo-motor. São discutidos aspectos clínicos, do tratamento cirúrgico, da evolução e da etiologia dos hematomas epidurals espinais espontâneos. Abstract in english A case of spontaneous dorso-lombar spinal epidural hematoma during pregnancy is reported. The hematoma was removed 8 hours after the onset of paraplegia, and there was no evidence of vascular malformation. The motor deficit remained unchanged post-operatively. The etiology, clinical findings and the [...] value of early laminectomy are discussed.

Ivan, Hack; Mario S., Cademartori; Rosendo S., Mamani; Carmen M., Beltrame; Carlos G., Cademartori.

1984-03-01

327

Reversible Pisa syndrome associated to subdural haematoma: case-report  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Pisa Syndrome or Pleurothotonus is a relatively rare truncal dystonia, characterized by tonic flexion of the trunk and head to one side with slight rotation of the body. Since frequently associated to specific drugs such as antipsychotics and cholinesterase inhibitors or to Parkinson Disease, a pathophysiological role of cholinergic-dopaminergic imbalance has been suggested. We report here the first case of Pisa Syndrome due to an extracerebral pathology as subdural haematoma. Case presentation A hypertensive patient was admitted to Our Department for subacute onset of tonic flexion and slight rotation of the trunk associated to progressive motor deficit in left upper limb after a mild head trauma without loss of consciousness occurred around three month before. No previous or current pharmacological interventions with antidepressant, neuroleptic or anticholinergic drugs were anamnestically retrieved. Familiar and personal history was negative for neurological disorders other than acute cerebrovascular diseases. Acutely performed cerebral MRI with DWI showed a voluminous right subdural haematoma with mild shift of median line. After surgical evacuation, both motor deficit and truncal dystonia were dramatically resolved. At one-year follow up, the patient did not develop any extrapyramidal and cognitive signs or symptoms. Conclusions According to many Authors, the occurrence of truncal dystonia during several pharmacologic treatments and neurodegenerative disorders (such as Alzheimer disease and parkinsonian syndromes) supported the hypothesis that a complex dysregulation of multiple neurotransmitter systems are involved. We suggest a possible role of basal ganglia compression in pathogenesis of truncal dystonia by means of thalamo-cortical trait functional disruption and loss of proprioceptive integration. A further contribution of the subcortical structure displacement that alters motor cortex connectivity to basal ganglia may be postulated. PMID:25123109

2014-01-01

328

Empiema subdural secundario a sinusitis: Descripción de un caso pediátrico Subdural empyema secondary to sinusitis: A pediatric case report  

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Full Text Available Presentamos el caso de un varón de 9 años derivado al servicio de Urgencias por proptosis ocular derecha y cefalea progresiva en el contexto de una sinusitis, diagnosticado dos días antes por clínica y radiología compatible y en tratamiento con amoxicilina-clavulánico. A la exploración física destaca proptosis derecha con ligera limitación para la mirada conjugada. Con la sospecha de una posible complicación neurológica de la sinusitis, se realiza tomografía axial computarizada (TAC craneal, observando empiema subdural frontal derecho. Ingresa para tratamiento antibiótico endovenoso con cefotaxima, vancomicina y metronidazol. Es valorado por los servicios de Neurocirugía, Cirugía Maxilofacial y Otorrinolaringología (ORL infantil, decidiéndose únicamente drenaje del foco primario, con actitud neuroquirúrgica expectante. El paciente evoluciona favorablemente con progresiva desaparición de los síntomas. Se realizan resonancias magnéticas periódicas, que muestran clara mejoría hasta resolución completa del empiema. Tras 4 semanas de antibioterapia iv., y tras la normalización clínica y radiológica, el paciente es dado de alta.We present the case of 9 year old male referred to the A and E service with right ocular proptosis and progressive migraine in the context of a sinusitis diagnosed two days earlier by compatible clinical and radiological tests, and receiving treatment with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Physcial exploration revealed right ocular proptosis with a slight limitation for conjugate gaze. Facing the suspicion of a possible neurological complication of the sinusitis, cranial computer aided tomography (CAT was carried out, with right frontal subdural empyema observed. He was admitted for intravenous antibiotic treatment with cefotaxime, vancomicin and metronidazole. He was evaluated by child Neurosurgery, Maxillofacial Surgery and Otorhinolaryngology (ORL services; the decision was taken to only drain the primary focus, while an expectant neurosurgical attitude was maintained. The patient evolved favourably with a progressive disappearance of the symptoms. Periodical magnetic resonances were carried out, which showed a clear improvement up until the complete resolution of the empyema. Following four weeks of antibiotherapy iv., and after clinical and radiological normalization, the patient was discharged.

A. Herrero

2011-12-01

329

MRI of spinal hematoma as a result of lumbar puncture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 59-year-old woman was suspected of having meningitis. A lumbar puncture was performed for CSF analysis; however, a traumatic tap induced hemorrhage in the subarachnoid space and formed a hematoma from the L3 to the S1 level. This resulted in a paraparesis. Myelography showed a band-like filling defect and a subsequent computed tomography (CT) myelogram showed a soft tissue mass in the intradural space. T1 weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lesion with moderate hyperintensity within the dural sac, hinting that the lesion was a hematoma. Laminectomy was performed, and the hematoma was entirely removed. (orig.)

330

MRI of spinal hematoma as a result of lumbar puncture  

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A 59-year-old woman was suspected of having meningitis. A lumbar puncture was performed for CSF analysis; however, a traumatic tap induced hemorrhage in the subarachnoid space and formed a hematoma from the L3 to the S1 level. This resulted in a paraparesis. Myelography showed a band-like filling defect and a subsequent computed tomography (CT) myelogram showed a soft tissue mass in the intradural space. T1 weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lesion with moderate hyperintensity within the dural sac, hinting that the lesion was a hematoma. Laminectomy was performed, and the hematoma was entirely removed. (orig.)

Shen Wuchung [Dept. of Radiology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan, Province of China); Yang Daryu [Dept. of Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan, Province of China); Ho Yungjen [Dept. of Radiology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan, Province of China); Lee Sankan [Dept. of Radiology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan, Province of China)

1993-08-01

331

Intramural esophagic hematoma secondary to coumarinic anticoagulation: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Esophagic Intramural Hematoma is an uncommon clinical condition, with a prognosis which is essentially benign. On most cases, a predisposing or precipitating factor may be seen, with the most common ones being the history of esophagic instrumentation, food impactations and thrombocytopenia. In the following manuscript, the authors present the case of a 54-years-old male with history of valve replacement surgery, who was treated at the Clinica Cardiovascular (Medellin, Colombia), with a clinical case of Intramural Esophagic Hematoma that was later confirmed to be due to a Coumarinic overanticoagulation. On this case, it is evidenced that Intramural Esophagic Hematoma is an unrecognized complication of Courmarinic anticoagulation therapy. PMID:20069068

Quintero, Alvaro M; Gaviria, María E; Balparda, Jon K; Cuervo, Héctor R

2009-01-01

332

Spontaneously Developed Pulmonary Arterial Intramural Hematoma That Mimicked Thromboembolism  

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A 65-year-old woman visited our hospital with a complaint of acute onset dyspnea and radiological manifestations of pulmonary thromboembolism. The patient underwent an exploratory surgery to find a whitish-blue colored mass occupying almost the whole lumen of the main pulmonary arteries. Based on the pathological and radiological findings, the patient was diagnosed to have a pulmonary arterial intramural hematoma. Intramural hematomas are usually observed in the walls of the aorta, and we believe that an isolated intramural hematoma in the pulmonary artery has not been described previously.

Kang, Eun Ju; Lee, Ki Nam [Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, In; Chane, Jong Min; Kim, Gun Jik; Yang, Dong Heon; Lee, Jong Min [Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-15

333

Spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma: two variant cases.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present two variant cases of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (SRSH). A 71-year-old woman presented with ST elevation myocardial infarction and was found to have multivessel coronary artery disease. She was treated with aspirin, clopidogrel, eptifibatide, and heparin. Heparin was continued while preoperative workup for coronary artery bypass grafting was done. She developed a large 20x10 cm actively bleeding SRSH while on heparin. It was surgically evacuated. The second case represents an atypical cause of SRSH. A 64-year-old woman with Wegener's Granulomatosis presented with anemia and abdominal pain. Abdominal CT showed a large 22 cm SRSH without active bleeding that was treated conservatively. Both patients did well on follow-up. The incidence of SRSH is likely to increase in the coming years with the increasing use of antithrombotic agents for many disease processes. Clinicians should be aware of typical and atypical presentations of SRSH and its variant management options. PMID:25369220

Sivagnanam, Kamesh; Ladia, Vatsal; Bhavsar, Vedang; Summers, Jeffery; Paul, Timir

2014-01-01

334

Extensive retroperitoneal hematoma in blunt trauma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To report our experience of managing extensive retroperitoneal hematoma (RH) in patients with blunt trauma and to determine any associated factors affecting causation and mortality. In this retrospective observational study, patients diagnosed with extensive RH following blunt trauma admitted to King Saud Medical Complex, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January 2004 and December 2009 were included. Patient data were explored for injury severity score (ISS), associated injuries, location of hematoma, amount of blood transfusions, coagulation profile, operative management, hospital stay, and mortality. The outcomes in surviving and non-surviving patients were compared. Out of 290 patients presenting with RH, extensive RH was found in 46 patients (15.8%). The overall mortality was 32.6%. The pelvis was the most frequent location of RH in combination with lateral and central zones (65.2%). The lower extremity and pelvic fractures were the most common injury. Associated intra-peritoneal injuries were present in 39.1% patients. An exploratory laparotomy was performed in 58.7% patients (n=27). A high ISS (55.9 versus 35.5, p<0.0001), abnormal coagulation profile (odds ratio [OR] 7.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.974-30.932, p=0.005, and associated chest injuries OR 5.94, 95% CI 1.528-23.19, p=0.014) were independent factors associated with mortality. Multiple musculoskeletal injuries in addition to intra-abdominal injuries and abnormal coagulation are major factors associated with the presence of extensive RH. High ISS, abnormal coagulation, and associated chest injuries are independent factors associated with mortality (Author).

335

Idiopathic intraparenchymal hematoma of the liver in a neonate  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Hepatic hematomas in newborn infants are not frequently detected clinically, but are often found at perinatal autopsies. These hematomas of the liver are usually subcapsular in location. A variety of etiologies for such hematomas has been implicated, such as trauma, sepsis, and coagulopathies. We present a neonate who presented with jaundice and abdominal distention. Initial imaging studies revealed a large intraparenchymal lesion of the liver, which was at first thought to be suspicious for neoplasm; however, MRI showed the lesion to be hemorrhagic and follow-up sonographic studies showed total resolution of this lesion, compatible with hematoma. The intraparenchymal location and the idiopathic nature of this lesion distinguish this case from others previously reported. (orig.)

Amodio, John; Fefferman, Nancy; Rivera, Rafael; Pinkney, Lynne; Strubel, Naomi [Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology, New York University Medical Center, 560 1st Avenue, New York, NY 10016 (United States)

2004-04-01

336

Idiopathic intraparenchymal hematoma of the liver in a neonate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hepatic hematomas in newborn infants are not frequently detected clinically, but are often found at perinatal autopsies. These hematomas of the liver are usually subcapsular in location. A variety of etiologies for such hematomas has been implicated, such as trauma, sepsis, and coagulopathies. We present a neonate who presented with jaundice and abdominal distention. Initial imaging studies revealed a large intraparenchymal lesion of the liver, which was at first thought to be suspicious for neoplasm; however, MRI showed the lesion to be hemorrhagic and follow-up sonographic studies showed total resolution of this lesion, compatible with hematoma. The intraparenchymal location and the idiopathic nature of this lesion distinguish this case from others previously reported. (orig.)

337

Acute epidural hematoma complicating Paget's disease of the skull.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although among Anglo-Saxons Paget's disease is relatively common, it is very rare in Japan. The incidence of Paget's disease increases as age advances, and in elderly people over 90 years of age it can be seen in as many as 10%. On the other hand, acute epidural hematoma seldom occurs in the older generation, because dural adhesion to the internal table of the skull becomes more intense. We have encountered an 86-year old woman with advanced Paget's disease who developed an acute epidural hematoma after trivial head trauma. Acute epidural hematoma complicating Paget's disease has been reported only twice before and this case is the first report in Japan. The literature on the pathogenesis of the acute epidural hematoma complicating Paget's disease is reviewed. PMID:3941981

Itoyama, Y; Fukumura, A; Ito, Y; Matsukado, Y

1986-02-01

338

Significant Abdominal Wall Hematoma From an Umbilical Port Insertion  

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Laparoscopists consider the umbilical and ventral midline area to be “vascular safe.” On occasion, however, the insertion of the first trocar at the umbilical port may result in severe abdominal wall hematoma.

Marcovici, Iacob

2001-01-01

339

Operative Laparoscopy and Vulvar Hematoma: An Unusual Association  

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Few cases of intraoperative or postoperative complications associated with laparoscopic adnexal surgery have been reported in the literature. We describe a case of laparoscopic abdominal vascular injury and persistent bleeding in the matrix of the ovary following laparoscopic cystectomy. During the first postsurgical day, the patient was syncopal. The physical examination showed a vulvar hematoma and minimal bleeding from a laparoscopic incision in the abdominal wall. Vulvar hematoma and an u...

Marcovici, Iacob; Shadigian, Elizabeth

2001-01-01

340

Calf hematoma - computed tomographic and magnetic resonance findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Four patients with hematomas of the calf are presented. The diagnosis was made by computed tomography (CT) in three cases and CT/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in one case. In all cases, CT or MRI clarified a confusing clinical picture. CT and MRI can help differentiate the types of calf mass (i.e., hematoma, tumor, Baker cyst, thrombophlebitis) and assist proper clinical management in a rapid, noninvasive fashion. (orig.)

 
 
 
 
341

Pathomechanism of ring enhancement in intracerebral hematomas on CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As a simulation of hypertensive intracerebral hematoma, about 3.5 ml of autologus venous blood were injected into an artificial cavity of a unilateral cerebral hemisphere in dogs. The cavity was made by the insertion and inflation of a balloon canula near the basal ganglia region of the dog. At the acute stage after the injection, the hematoma showed a round-shaped and homogeneous high density. 9 days later, a positive ring enhancement appeared around this high-density area in most of the cases. Subsequently, the hematoma changed into an isodensity with a tendency toward the concentric concentration of the ring enhancement and to the final low-density stage with a spotted enhancement in the center. That is our experimental intracerebral hematoma of the dog showed a pattern of the chronological course of the CT appearance quite similar to that of clinical cases of hypertensive intracerebral hematomas. At the onset of the ring enhancement, many new and immature capillaries were noted in the adjacent tissue of the hematoma, corresponding to the positive enhancement. The new capillaries were gradually shifted to the center of the hematoma; the enhancement also coincided with them. The ultrastructures of these new capillaries were examined electronmicroscopically. There was some resemblance to the capillaries of muscle with many pinocytotic vesicles and shallowed tight junctions. These experimental facts suggest that the enhancement phenomenon occurred in close relationship to the newly produced hypervascularization of the capillaries around the hematoma, which was a phenomenon of the healing process of the lesion. Therefore, the pathomechanism of the enhancement was thought to be involved the pooling of the contrast media in the increased vascular bed as well as a loss of blood brain barrier in these newly produced immature capillaries. (J.P.N.)

342

CT picture charges in hematoma following hypertonic cerebral hemorrhage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The development of the hematoma and its regressive changes after hypertonic cerebral hemorrhage were studied in two patients receiving conservative treatment. As a modern diagnostic method, CT provides remarkable advantages in cases of intracranial bleeding by determining reliably the focus of hemorrhage. Moreover, CT helps to establish surgical indications, and since it is noninvasive, repeated CT examinations can be used for monitoring the fate of the intracerebral hematoma in cases where surgical intervention had not been indicated. (author). 5 figs., 2 refs

343

Muscle hematoma: A critically important complication of alcoholic liver cirrhosis  

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Full Text Available An iliopsoas hematoma can occur either spontaneously or secondary to trauma or bleeding tendency due to hemophilia and anticoagulant therapy. Although liver cirrhosis is commonly associated with coagulopathy, iliopsoas hematoma is very rare. We herein, present a case of bilateral iliopsoas hematoma in a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis, and review the literature on muscle hematoma associated with cirrhosis. A 56-year-old man with alcoholic cirrhosis was admitted in a state of shock with anemia. The cause of anemia could not be detected, and the patient was treated conservatively. The site of bleeding was not detected with either gastroduodenal endoscopy or upper abdominal computed tomography, the latter of which did not include the iliopsoas muscle. He died on the 10th day of admission and bilateral iliopsoas hematomas were found on autopsy. An iron stain was positive in the iliopsoas muscle. Eight cases of muscle hematoma associated with cirrhosis, including the present case, were found in a review of the literature. Four of these cases involved the rectus abdominis muscle, 3 involved the iliopsoas muscle and 1 involved combined muscles. Alcoholic cirrhosis accounted for 75% of the cases. One case (12.5% was associated with virus-related cirrhosis, and another with combined virus- and alcohol-related cirrhosis. The mortality rate was 75% despite early diagnosis and low risk scores for cirrhosis. Muscle hematoma in patients with cirrhosis is closely related to alcoholism, and the mortality rate of the condition is extremely high. In conclusion, muscle hematoma should be recognized as an important complication of cirrhosis.

Chiyo Sugiyama, Akifumi Akai, Noriyoshi Yamakita, Tsuneko Ikeda, Keigo Yasuda

2009-09-01

344

Periocular hematoma secondary to subperiosteal injury by a short needle  

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Bleeding and intraorbital hematoma is one of the most common complications of needle block for ophthalmic local anesthesia. We describe an unusual presentation of hematoma that originated in the subperiosteal space and extended to the subconjunctival and periocular area after a peribulbar block for phacoemulsification in a 55-year-old lady. It required an urgent surgical evacuation in order to reduce the intraocular pressure and save the eye. Detailed management to improve the outcome is disc...

Ahmad, Nauman; Zahoor, Abdul; Elkhamary, Sahar M.

2012-01-01

345

Hematoma intramural duodenal como complicação de terapia anticoagulante com Warfarin: relato de caso e revisão da literatura / Intramural duodenal hematoma as a complication of therapy with Warfarin: a case report and literature review  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Relatamos o caso de uma paciente em terapia anticoagulante oral com Warfarin, apresentando obstrução intestinal aguda. A tomografia computadorizada revelou hematoma intramural duodenal. O tratamento baseou-se na correção das provas de coagulação e medidas expectantes. Este caso ilustra o valor da to [...] mografia computadorizada e da abordagem conservadora nos pacientes em terapia anticoagulante com obstrução aguda do intestino delgado. Abstract in english We report a case of a patient receiving chronic oral anticoagulant therapy with Warfarin who presented with acute intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography showed intramural duodenal hematoma. Treatment was conservative with correction of the coagulation parameters and observation. This case exemp [...] lifies the usefulness of conservative therapy and computed tomography in patients with acute small bowel obstruction receiving anticoagulant therapy.

Juliano, Faria; Roberta, Pessoa; Marcelo, Hudson; Sílvio, Vitoi; Ovídio, Villela; José, Torres; Mara Delgado, Paula; Aloísio, Bemvindo.

346

Aneurysmal Subdural Hemorrhage Due To Pericallosal Artery Aneurysms  

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Full Text Available Acute subdural haematoma (SDH in association with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH from a pericallosal artery aneurysm is extremely rare. Although rare, failure to diagnose such an uncommon aneurysm can lead to fatal errors in surgical planning for SDH. A 73-years old woman was brought to the emergency department complaining of acute onset severe headache and depressed level of consciousness. There was no history of trauma. On neurological examination, the patient was unconscious, unresponsive to painful stimuli. Cranial computed tomography (CT demonstrated a right holo-hemispheric SDH, relatively little SAH and transtentorial herniation. Suspicion led to the demonstration of two aneurysms in the anterior cerebral artery (ACA using quick CT-angiography. The patient was taken for emergency surgery for successful distal ACA aneurysm clipping as well as SDH evacuation. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course with good recovery. We conclude that a careful examination of basal radiological investigations is of vital importance to decrease the operative risk of mortality and morbidity.

Dilaver KAYA

2011-12-01

347

Empiema subdural secundario a sinusitis: Descripción de un caso pediátrico / Subdural empyema secondary to sinusitis: A pediatric case report  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos el caso de un varón de 9 años derivado al servicio de Urgencias por proptosis ocular derecha y cefalea progresiva en el contexto de una sinusitis, diagnosticado dos días antes por clínica y radiología compatible y en tratamiento con amoxicilina-clavulánico. A la exploración física destac [...] a proptosis derecha con ligera limitación para la mirada conjugada. Con la sospecha de una posible complicación neurológica de la sinusitis, se realiza tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) craneal, observando empiema subdural frontal derecho. Ingresa para tratamiento antibiótico endovenoso con cefotaxima, vancomicina y metronidazol. Es valorado por los servicios de Neurocirugía, Cirugía Maxilofacial y Otorrinolaringología (ORL) infantil, decidiéndose únicamente drenaje del foco primario, con actitud neuroquirúrgica expectante. El paciente evoluciona favorablemente con progresiva desaparición de los síntomas. Se realizan resonancias magnéticas periódicas, que muestran clara mejoría hasta resolución completa del empiema. Tras 4 semanas de antibioterapia iv., y tras la normalización clínica y radiológica, el paciente es dado de alta. Abstract in english We present the case of 9 year old male referred to the A and E service with right ocular proptosis and progressive migraine in the context of a sinusitis diagnosed two days earlier by compatible clinical and radiological tests, and receiving treatment with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Physcial explo [...] ration revealed right ocular proptosis with a slight limitation for conjugate gaze. Facing the suspicion of a possible neurological complication of the sinusitis, cranial computer aided tomography (CAT) was carried out, with right frontal subdural empyema observed. He was admitted for intravenous antibiotic treatment with cefotaxime, vancomicin and metronidazole. He was evaluated by child Neurosurgery, Maxillofacial Surgery and Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) services; the decision was taken to only drain the primary focus, while an expectant neurosurgical attitude was maintained. The patient evolved favourably with a progressive disappearance of the symptoms. Periodical magnetic resonances were carried out, which showed a clear improvement up until the complete resolution of the empyema. Following four weeks of antibiotherapy iv., and after clinical and radiological normalization, the patient was discharged.

A., Herrero; I., San Martín; L., Moreno; M., Herranz; J.C., García; E., Bernaola.

348

Empiema subdural secundario a sinusitis: Descripción de un caso pediátrico / Subdural empyema secondary to sinusitis: A pediatric case report  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos el caso de un varón de 9 años derivado al servicio de Urgencias por proptosis ocular derecha y cefalea progresiva en el contexto de una sinusitis, diagnosticado dos días antes por clínica y radiología compatible y en tratamiento con amoxicilina-clavulánico. A la exploración física destac [...] a proptosis derecha con ligera limitación para la mirada conjugada. Con la sospecha de una posible complicación neurológica de la sinusitis, se realiza tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) craneal, observando empiema subdural frontal derecho. Ingresa para tratamiento antibiótico endovenoso con cefotaxima, vancomicina y metronidazol. Es valorado por los servicios de Neurocirugía, Cirugía Maxilofacial y Otorrinolaringología (ORL) infantil, decidiéndose únicamente drenaje del foco primario, con actitud neuroquirúrgica expectante. El paciente evoluciona favorablemente con progresiva desaparición de los síntomas. Se realizan resonancias magnéticas periódicas, que muestran clara mejoría hasta resolución completa del empiema. Tras 4 semanas de antibioterapia iv., y tras la normalización clínica y radiológica, el paciente es dado de alta. Abstract in english We present the case of 9 year old male referred to the A and E service with right ocular proptosis and progressive migraine in the context of a sinusitis diagnosed two days earlier by compatible clinical and radiological tests, and receiving treatment with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Physcial explo [...] ration revealed right ocular proptosis with a slight limitation for conjugate gaze. Facing the suspicion of a possible neurological complication of the sinusitis, cranial computer aided tomography (CAT) was carried out, with right frontal subdural empyema observed. He was admitted for intravenous antibiotic treatment with cefotaxime, vancomicin and metronidazole. He was evaluated by child Neurosurgery, Maxillofacial Surgery and Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) services; the decision was taken to only drain the primary focus, while an expectant neurosurgical attitude was maintained. The patient evolved favourably with a progressive disappearance of the symptoms. Periodical magnetic resonances were carried out, which showed a clear improvement up until the complete resolution of the empyema. Following four weeks of antibiotherapy iv., and after clinical and radiological normalization, the patient was discharged.

A., Herrero; I., San Martín; L., Moreno; M., Herranz; J.C., García; E., Bernaola.

2011-12-01

349

Hematoma volume as the major determinant of outcomes after intracerebral hemorrhage.  

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Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, greatly linked to hematoma volume. Understanding the characteristics and size of hematoma is integral to evaluating severity and prognosis after ICH. Examination of the literature suggests that markers for hematoma size vary, but the key range between 20-30 mL is most widely used as the cut-off for classification of hematoma volume. The role of hematoma volume in episodes of hematoma expansion and re-bleeding further impact outcomes, with increased growth associated with larger hematoma volume. Additionally, many commonly used predictors of ICH outcomes are directly related to hematoma volume, implicating it as an important variable when determining outcomes. In conclusion, hematoma volume is likely the most significant determinant of outcomes in intracerebral hemorrhage. PMID:25034055

LoPresti, Melissa A; Bruce, Samuel S; Camacho, Elvis; Kunchala, Sudkir; Dubois, Byron G; Bruce, Eliza; Appelboom, Geoff; Connolly, E Sander

2014-10-15

350

CT finding of right retroperitoneal space : analysis of extension of right perirenal hematoma  

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To understand the structure and character of the right retroperitoneal space by analysis of the extension of retroperitoneal hematoma in patients with traumatic right renal injuries. We retrospectively reviewed CT scans of 13 patients with right retroperitoneal hematomas caused by right renal injury. At te renal level, we analyzed the relation of a hematoma contacting psoas muscle with other retroperitoneal compartmental hematomas. At the suprarenal level, a perirenal hematoma and a hematoma contacting the diaphragm were analyzed according to their relation with intrahepatic IVC and pericaval hematoma. Below renal hilar level, all hematomas contacting psoas muscle, observed in eight cases, were connected with retrorenal extension of anterior pararenal hematoma. At the suprarenal level, intrahepatic pericaval hematomas were not, in all 13 cases, connected with a hematoma contacting the diaphragm, but with a perirenal hematoma. At the upper suprarenal level, the only pericaval hematomas containing a medial component of perirenal hematoma extended superiorly to the upper one third of the tenth thoracic vertebral body. The anterior renal fascia envelops perirenal space except in its medial aspect. In the upper suprarenal region, the anterior and posterior planes of the anterior renal fascia unite to fuse with diaphragmatic fascia, but along the medial aspect they fuse with intrahepatic pericaval connective tissue and posteromedial diaphragm, respectively.

Seo, Kwang Won; Kim, Kyung Rak; Lee, Hyeok; Kim, Young Hwa; Cho, Won Soo; Kim, Il Young [Soonchunhyang Univ. Chonan Hospital, Chonan (Korea, Republic of)

1997-05-01

351

CT finding of right retroperitoneal space : analysis of extension of right perirenal hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To understand the structure and character of the right retroperitoneal space by analysis of the extension of retroperitoneal hematoma in patients with traumatic right renal injuries. We retrospectively reviewed CT scans of 13 patients with right retroperitoneal hematomas caused by right renal injury. At te renal level, we analyzed the relation of a hematoma contacting psoas muscle with other retroperitoneal compartmental hematomas. At the suprarenal level, a perirenal hematoma and a hematoma contacting the diaphragm were analyzed according to their relation with intrahepatic IVC and pericaval hematoma. Below renal hilar level, all hematomas contacting psoas muscle, observed in eight cases, were connected with retrorenal extension of anterior pararenal hematoma. At the suprarenal level, intrahepatic pericaval hematomas were not, in all 13 cases, connected with a hematoma contacting the diaphragm, but with a perirenal hematoma. At the upper suprarenal level, the only pericaval hematomas containing a medial component of perirenal hematoma extended superiorly to the upper one third of the tenth thoracic vertebral body. The anterior renal fascia envelops perirenal space except in its medial aspect. In the upper suprarenal region, the anterior and posterior planes of the anterior renal fascia unite to fuse with diaphragmatic fascia, but along the medial aspect they fuse with intrahepatic pericaval connective tissue and posteromedial diaphragm, respectively diaphragm, respectively

352

Age determination of vessel wall hematoma in spontaneous cervical artery dissection: A multi-sequence 3T Cardiovascular Magnetic resonance study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Previously proposed classifications for carotid plaque and cerebral parenchymal hemorrhages are used to estimate the age of hematoma according to its signal intensities on T1w and T2w MR images. Using these classifications, we systematically investigated the value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR in determining the age of vessel wall hematoma (VWH in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD. Methods 35 consecutive patients (mean age 43.6 ± 9.8 years with sCAD received a cervical multi-sequence 3T CMR with fat-saturated black-blood T1w-, T2w- and TOF images. Age of sCAD was defined as time between onset of symptoms (stroke, TIA or Horner's syndrome and the CMR scan. VWH were categorized into hyperacute, acute, early subacute, late subacute and chronic based on their signal intensities on T1w- and T2w images. Results The mean age of sCAD was 2.0, 5.8, 15.7 and 58.7 days in patients with acute, early subacute, late subacute and chronic VWH as classified by CMR (p Conclusions Signal intensities of VWH in sCAD vary over time and multi-sequence CMR can help to determine the age of an arterial dissection. Furthermore, findings of this study suggest that the time course of carotid hematomas differs from that of cerebral hematomas.

Habs Maximilian

2011-11-01

353

Evaluation of intracerebral hematoma resorption dynamics with computed tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

High mortality and severe grade of disability observed in patients after intracerebral hemorrhage provide efforts to improve diagnostics and therapy of the hemorrhagic cerebral stroke. An aim of this paper was an evaluation of blood resorption dynamics in patients with intracerebral hematoma, performed with computed tomography of the head and an analysis of clinical significance of this process. An examined group included 133 patients with intracerebral hematoma proven by a CT exam. In 97 patients resorption of the hematoma was measured, based on control scans taken on 15th and 30th day on average. Volume of the hemorrhagic foci was measured as well as the width of ventricles and the displacement of medial structures. The mean hematoma volume reached 11,59 ml after 15 days, and 3,16 m after 30 days (average decrease of the volume 0,67 ml/day). There was a significant difference in the rate of resorption between the first (0-15 days) and the second (15-30 days) observation period - 0,78 and 0,62 ml/day respectively. The dynamics of the process was dependent on volume and localization of the hematoma and independent of the grade of displacement and compression of the ventricles. The calculated mean rate of the hematomas resorption enables to schedule control examinations precisely. The significant differences of the dynamics of blood resorption depending on hematomas size and the independence of compression and displacement of ventricular system su and displacement of ventricular system suggest, that the most important factor in therapeutic decision-making should be a clinical status of the patient. (author)

354

Hematoma extradural intrarraquidiano espontâneo: relato de caso / Spontaneous extradural spinal hematoma: case report  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Relatamos o caso de uma mulher de 55 anos, hipertensa leve, em uso de beta bloqueador, que apresentou quadro súbito de síndrome de compressão medular, caracterizado por dor cervical intensa, evoluindo para tetraplegia com nível de sensibilidade em C4. Foi diagnosticado, por ressonância magnética, he [...] matoma intrarraquidiano extradural cervical , que foi aspirado cirurgicamente através de laminectomia. A paciente encontra-se em acompanhamento fisioterápico e evolui com melhora da motricidade e sensibilidade. Abstract in english We report a case of a 55-year-old woman, that has a mild hypertension, in use of a betablocker drugs, who had a sudden spinal cord compression syndrome with intense cervical pain, tetraplegia and sensitivity level in C4. Extradural spinal hematoma of the cervical spine was diagnosed by magnetic reso [...] nance. The patient underwent a laminectomy and aspiration of the hematoma. The patient is on physiotherapy and presents progressive motor and sensivity improvement.

FABIANO DA CUNHA, TANURI; NILTON EDUARDO, GUERREIRO; HIROSHI, NAKANO; OSMI, HAMAMOTO.

1999-09-01

355

Hematoma subcapsular por Fasciolasis / Liver subcapsular hematoma caused by Fasciola hepática. Report of one case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos el caso de una paciente de sexo femenino de 60 años de edad, ingresada en nuestro centro hospitalario por cuadro agudo de dolor abdominal en hipocondrio derecho asociado a vómitos y fiebre. Destaca la presencia de leucocitosis con eosinofilia de 56%. La tomografía computanzada abdominal [...] muestra una colección subcapsular hepática. Durante su evolución presenta abdomen agudo, realizándose una laparoscopía exploratoria que confirma un hematoma subcapsular con presencia de hemopentoneo de escasa cuantía. La serología confirma infección por fasciola hepática. Se realizó su tratamiento con triclabendazol en monodosis. Además, realizamos una revisión de la literatura nacional e internacional sobre el tema, sus manifestaciones clínicas, métodos diagnósticos y tratamiento. Abstract in english We report a 60 years oíd female admitted for pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, vomiting and fever. Initial laboratory showed leukocytosis with 56% of eosinophils. An abdominal CAT sean showed a subcapsular fluid collection in the liver. The patient was operated and the presence of a s [...] ubcapsular hematoma was confirmed. Blood serological tests were positive for Fasciola hepática. The patient was treated with tricabendazole and after one year of follow up, is in good conditions.

JUAN L, MORALES G; RENATO, ARRIAGADA H; LUIS, SALAS G; CARLOS, MORALES A; FELIPE, FUENTES A; ROBERTO, SANTANA.

356

Hematoma subcapsular por Fasciolasis / Liver subcapsular hematoma caused by Fasciola hepática. Report of one case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos el caso de una paciente de sexo femenino de 60 años de edad, ingresada en nuestro centro hospitalario por cuadro agudo de dolor abdominal en hipocondrio derecho asociado a vómitos y fiebre. Destaca la presencia de leucocitosis con eosinofilia de 56%. La tomografía computanzada abdominal [...] muestra una colección subcapsular hepática. Durante su evolución presenta abdomen agudo, realizándose una laparoscopía exploratoria que confirma un hematoma subcapsular con presencia de hemopentoneo de escasa cuantía. La serología confirma infección por fasciola hepática. Se realizó su tratamiento con triclabendazol en monodosis. Además, realizamos una revisión de la literatura nacional e internacional sobre el tema, sus manifestaciones clínicas, métodos diagnósticos y tratamiento. Abstract in english We report a 60 years oíd female admitted for pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, vomiting and fever. Initial laboratory showed leukocytosis with 56% of eosinophils. An abdominal CAT sean showed a subcapsular fluid collection in the liver. The patient was operated and the presence of a s [...] ubcapsular hematoma was confirmed. Blood serological tests were positive for Fasciola hepática. The patient was treated with tricabendazole and after one year of follow up, is in good conditions.

JUAN L, MORALES G; RENATO, ARRIAGADA H; LUIS, SALAS G; CARLOS, MORALES A; FELIPE, FUENTES A; ROBERTO, SANTANA.

2009-02-01

357

Hematoma subcapsular por Fasciolasis Liver subcapsular hematoma caused by Fasciola hepática. Report of one case  

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Full Text Available Presentamos el caso de una paciente de sexo femenino de 60 años de edad, ingresada en nuestro centro hospitalario por cuadro agudo de dolor abdominal en hipocondrio derecho asociado a vómitos y fiebre. Destaca la presencia de leucocitosis con eosinofilia de 56%. La tomografía computanzada abdominal muestra una colección subcapsular hepática. Durante su evolución presenta abdomen agudo, realizándose una laparoscopía exploratoria que confirma un hematoma subcapsular con presencia de hemopentoneo de escasa cuantía. La serología confirma infección por fasciola hepática. Se realizó su tratamiento con triclabendazol en monodosis. Además, realizamos una revisión de la literatura nacional e internacional sobre el tema, sus manifestaciones clínicas, métodos diagnósticos y tratamiento.We report a 60 years oíd female admitted for pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, vomiting and fever. Initial laboratory showed leukocytosis with 56% of eosinophils. An abdominal CAT sean showed a subcapsular fluid collection in the liver. The patient was operated and the presence of a subcapsular hematoma was confirmed. Blood serological tests were positive for Fasciola hepática. The patient was treated with tricabendazole and after one year of follow up, is in good conditions.

JUAN L MORALES G

2009-02-01

358

Hematoma esofágico intramural: de la disección a la perforación / Intramural esophageal hematoma: Dissection of the perforation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hematoma esofágico intramural es una entidad infrecuente, con pocos casos registrados en la literatura. Existen factores de riesgo que favorecen la aparición de esta condición como las náuseas y el vómito. Su presentación clínica más frecuente es la tríada de hematemesis, disfagia y dolor torácic [...] o. El tratamiento es conservador en la mayoría de los casos. En este trabajo presentamos nuestra experiencia en 7 casos recolectados durante los últimos 8 años, en los cuales se puede apreciar todo el espectro de la enfermedad desde la disección submucosa hasta la perforación del esófago Abstract in english Intramural esophageal hematomas are rare with few cases reported in the literature. Risk factors that affect the incidence of this condition include nausea and vomiting, but its most common clinical presentation is the triad of hematemesis, dysphagia and chest pain. Conservative treatment is best in [...] most cases. We present our experience in 7 cases collected during the last 8 years in which you can see the entire spectrum of the disease from submucosal dissection to perforation of the esophagus

Martin, Gómez Zuleta; Álvaro, Rodríguez Gómez; Amaranto, Siado.

2012-06-30

359

Hematoma epidural secundario a anestesia espinal: Tratamiento conservador / Epidural hematoma secondary to spinal anesthesia: Conservative treatment  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: El hematoma epidural secundario a una anestesia neuroaxial es una complicación poco frecuente, pero de gran trascendencia tanto por sus implicaciones clínicas como por las médico legales; según algunos autores su incidencia puede oscilar entre 1/190.000-1/200.000 para las punciones per [...] idurales y 1/320.000 en el caso de las espinales. El aspecto prioritario en su manejo terapéutico es el del diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz, antes de las 6-12 primeras horas. No obstante, en determinados pacientes como en el caso que presentamos puede no ser precisa la cirugía, resolviéndose el cuadro con tratamiento conservador. Caso clínico: Varón de 73 años, ASA IV, con antecedentes de cirrosis con hipertensión portal, hiperesplenismo, EPOC, obesidad, cardiopatía hipertensiva e insuficiencia tricuspídea. Se programa para alcoholización prostática al haber sido desechada la cirugía. En la analítica preoperatoria destacaba una actividad de protrombina del 80% y 90.000 plaquetas. Se realizaron varios intentos fallidos de punción espinal, finalmente fue precisa una anestesia general con ventilación espontánea mediante mascarilla laríngea, propofol, fentanilo y sevoflurano. A las 36 horas, comienza la clínica en forma de dolor intenso lumbar, sin irradiación y arreflexia cutáneo plantar, confirmándose en la RMN la presencia de un hematoma epidural de L1 a L4. Ante la ausencia de paraparesia flácida, afectación esfinteriana u otros signos sensitivo-motores y tras consulta con la Unidad de Raquis y con el Servicio de Neurología se decide tratamiento conservador y actitud expectante en forma de analgesia y monitorización neurológica estricta, clínica y radiológica. Evolucionando favorablemente en los siguientes días. Discusión: Determinadas condiciones clínicas pueden influir en la aparición de un hematoma tras la realización de un bloqueo regional central: heparinas de bajo peso molecular, punciones dificultosas, cirugía vertebral previa, hepatopatías, fármacos, etc. El tratamiento quirúrgico en forma de laminectomía descompresiva realizada de forma precoz suele ser necesario y es el tratamiento de elección en muchas ocasiones, pero en determinadas condiciones como la que nos ocupa, sin síntomas compresivos, sin un carácter progresivo o bien que estos disminuyan rápidamente, puede optarse por un tratamiento conservador en forma de analgesia y corticoterapia, siempre bajo un estricto control que permita actuar de forma rápida ante cualquier eventualidad negativa en su evolución. Abstract in english Introduction: Epidural hematoma secondary to neuroaxial anesthesia is a rare complication, but highly relevant due to its clinical and medico-legal implications. According to some authors, its incidence can reach 1/190,000-1/200,000 for peridural punctures and 1/320,000 for spinal punctures. Early d [...] iagnosis and treatment within the first 6-12 hours is the main aspect related to its therapeutic management. However, in some cases such as the one reported here, surgery is not required and the patient can be managed with a conservative treatment. Clinical case: A 73-year-old patient, ASA IV, with a history of cirrhosis associated to portal hypertension, hypersplenism, COPD, obesity, hypertensive cardiopathy and tricuspid failure. He was scheduled for prostate alcoholization after ruling out surgery. Preoperative blood analyses showed a prothrombin activity of 80% and 90,000 platelets. Several failed attempts of spinal puncture were done, but general anesthesia was finally required with spontaneous ventilation through laryngeal mudpack, propofol, fentanyl and sevoflurane. Clinical manifestations appeared after 36 hours, with non-irradiated severe lumbar pain and plantar cutaneous areflexia. The presence of epidural hematoma at the L1-L4 level was confirmed through NMR. Given the absence of flaccid paraparesis, sphincter involvement or other sensitive-motor signs and after consultation with the Rachis Unit a

M., Bermejo; E., Castañón; P., Fervienza; F., Cosío; M., Carpintero; M. L., Díaz-Fernández.

2004-11-01

360

Hematoma epidural secundario a anestesia espinal: Tratamiento conservador Epidural hematoma secondary to spinal anesthesia: Conservative treatment  

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Full Text Available Introducción: El hematoma epidural secundario a una anestesia neuroaxial es una complicación poco frecuente, pero de gran trascendencia tanto por sus implicaciones clínicas como por las médico legales; según algunos autores su incidencia puede oscilar entre 1/190.000-1/200.000 para las punciones peridurales y 1/320.000 en el caso de las espinales. El aspecto prioritario en su manejo terapéutico es el del diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz, antes de las 6-12 primeras horas. No obstante, en determinados pacientes como en el caso que presentamos puede no ser precisa la cirugía, resolviéndose el cuadro con tratamiento conservador. Caso clínico: Varón de 73 años, ASA IV, con antecedentes de cirrosis con hipertensión portal, hiperesplenismo, EPOC, obesidad, cardiopatía hipertensiva e insuficiencia tricuspídea. Se programa para alcoholización prostática al haber sido desechada la cirugía. En la analítica preoperatoria destacaba una actividad de protrombina del 80% y 90.000 plaquetas. Se realizaron varios intentos fallidos de punción espinal, finalmente fue precisa una anestesia general con ventilación espontánea mediante mascarilla laríngea, propofol, fentanilo y sevoflurano. A las 36 horas, comienza la clínica en forma de dolor intenso lumbar, sin irradiación y arreflexia cutáneo plantar, confirmándose en la RMN la presencia de un hematoma epidural de L1 a L4. Ante la ausencia de paraparesia flácida, afectación esfinteriana u otros signos sensitivo-motores y tras consulta con la Unidad de Raquis y con el Servicio de Neurología se decide tratamiento conservador y actitud expectante en forma de analgesia y monitorización neurológica estricta, clínica y radiológica. Evolucionando favorablemente en los siguientes días. Discusión: Determinadas condiciones clínicas pueden influir en la aparición de un hematoma tras la realización de un bloqueo regional central: heparinas de bajo peso molecular, punciones dificultosas, cirugía vertebral previa, hepatopatías, fármacos, etc. El tratamiento quirúrgico en forma de laminectomía descompresiva realizada de forma precoz suele ser necesario y es el tratamiento de elección en muchas ocasiones, pero en determinadas condiciones como la que nos ocupa, sin síntomas compresivos, sin un carácter progresivo o bien que estos disminuyan rápidamente, puede optarse por un tratamiento conservador en forma de analgesia y corticoterapia, siempre bajo un estricto control que permita actuar de forma rápida ante cualquier eventualidad negativa en su evolución.Introduction: Epidural hematoma secondary to neuroaxial anesthesia is a rare complication, but highly relevant due to its clinical and medico-legal implications. According to some authors, its incidence can reach 1/190,000-1/200,000 for peridural punctures and 1/320,000 for spinal punctures. Early diagnosis and treatment within the first 6-12 hours is the main aspect related to its therapeutic management. However, in some cases such as the one reported here, surgery is not required and the patient can be managed with a conservative treatment. Clinical case: A 73-year-old patient, ASA IV, with a history of cirrhosis associated to portal hypertension, hypersplenism, COPD, obesity, hypertensive cardiopathy and tricuspid failure. He was scheduled for prostate alcoholization after ruling out surgery. Preoperative blood analyses showed a prothrombin activity of 80% and 90,000 platelets. Several failed attempts of spinal puncture were done, but general anesthesia was finally required with spontaneous ventilation through laryngeal mudpack, propofol, fentanyl and sevoflurane. Clinical manifestations appeared after 36 hours, with non-irradiated severe lumbar pain and plantar cutaneous areflexia. The presence of epidural hematoma at the L1-L4 level was confirmed through NMR. Given the absence of flaccid paraparesis, sphincter involvement or other sensitive-motor signs and after consultation with the Rachis Unit and the Neurology Service, a conservative treatment and an expecting attitude were agreed

M. Bermejo

2004-11-01

 
 
 
 
361

[Case of renal subcapsular hematoma caused by flexible transurethral lithotripsy].  

Science.gov (United States)

A 39-year-old man with macroscopic hematuria was admitted to our hospital. A stone, 5 mm in diameter was detected in the right ureteropelvic junction after abdominal computed tomography and plain abdominal radiography. We performed flexible transurethral lithotripsy (f-TUL) and crushed the stone and extracted almost all stone fragments without any complications. However, almost immediately after the operation, the patient began to complain about pain in the right back. In the results of abdominal plain computed tomography right renal subcapsular hematoma was detected. Because active bleeding was not observed in the results of enhanced computed tomography, only conservative treatment was performed. The patient was discharged from the hospital on day 11 of hospitalization. One month after the operation, plain computed tomography was performed and diminished subcapsular hematoma was detected. Renal subcapsular hematoma is assumed to be a unique complication of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. This is the first report of a case of renal subcapsular hematoma caused by f-TUL. The onset of renal subcapsular hematoma following f-TUL could have been caused either because the laser fiber thrust into the renal lithiasis unintentionally or because the internal pressure of the renal pelvis increased substantially during the operation. PMID:24113753

Watanabe, Ryuta; Inada, Kouji; Azuma, Kouji; Yamashita, Yokihiko; Oka, Akihiro

2013-09-01

362

Spinal anterior epidural hematoma in an elderly man with unrecognized lupic anticoagulant taking warfarin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is a rare acute condition defined as a hematoma occurring at spinal epidural level. It is defined as "spontaneous" (SSEH) when possible causes have been ruled out; in other cases, clotting disorders and systemic lupus erythematosus have been associated with SEH. If identified rapidly, SEH can be completely cured, with complete recovery in about 50% of cases. We describe the case of an 86-year-old man affected by SEH, with rare anterior location, presenting with painful paraparesis and bladder dysfunction. The patient was taking warfarin for chronic atrial fibrillation. A prolongation of partial thromboplastin time was observed, consistent with the presence, in plasma, of previously unrecognized lupus anticoagulant antibodies (LA). The diagnosis of SEH was confirmed by MRI, and the patient was not surgically treated. Following a rehabilitation program, the patient had complete neurological recovery. Although the epidural lesion might have been a true case of SSEH, anticoagulation therapy and AL may have played a role in the pathogenesis, spread and spontaneous resolution of SEH. In cases of acute thoracic pain, associated with signs and symptoms of spinal cord compression, the diagnosis of SEH, which is a potentially devastating condition, must be carefully investigated by clinicians. PMID:22526084

Zuliani, Giovanni; Guerra, Gianluca; Dalla Nora, Edoardo; Fainardi, Enrico

2011-01-01

363

Computed tomographic demonstration of a spontaneous subcapsular hematoma due to a small renal cell carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Computed tomography (CT) was able to demonstrate a small renal cell carcinoma as the cause of a spontaneous subcapsular hematoma. Angiographic and pathologic correlation were obtained. A review of the causes for nontraumatic renal subcapsular hematoma is included

364

Characteristic MRI and MR Myelography Findings for the Facet Cyst Hematoma at T12-L1 Spine: A Case Report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A facet cyst is a very rare condition in the thoracolumbar spine and more so, hemorrhage into a cyst is extremely rare. We present a case of a facet cyst hematoma in the T12-L1 spine. A 69-year-old woman complained of chronic back pain with right lower extremity pain, and weakness for 3 years. MRI and MR myelography showed an extradural mass at the T12-L1 level with heterogeneous signal intensity on both T1-and T2-weighted images, which was continuous to the right T12-L1 facet joint. The neighboring facet joint showed severe degeneration on the CT scan. The mass a was simple hematoma covered with a thin fibrous membrane and connected with facet joint macroscopically and microscopically. The pathogenesis of the facet cyst hematoma is not clear but it can compress nerve roots or dura mater and cause radiculopathy or cauda equina syndrome. Surgical removal should be recommended for symptomatic relief.

365

Characteristic MRI and MR Myelography Findings for the Facet Cyst Hematoma at T12-L1 Spine: A Case Report  

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A facet cyst is a very rare condition in the thoracolumbar spine and more so, hemorrhage into a cyst is extremely rare. We present a case of a facet cyst hematoma in the T12-L1 spine. A 69-year-old woman complained of chronic back pain with right lower extremity pain, and weakness for 3 years. MRI and MR myelography showed an extradural mass at the T12-L1 level with heterogeneous signal intensity on both T1-and T2-weighted images, which was continuous to the right T12-L1 facet joint. The neighboring facet joint showed severe degeneration