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1

Chronic spinal subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Compared with spinal epidural hematomas, spinal subdural hematomas are rare; chronic forms are even more uncommon. These hematomas are associated not only with lumbar puncture and spinal trauma, but also with coagulopathies, vascular malformations and tumors. Compression of the spinal cord and the cauda equina means that the patients develop increasing back or radicular pain, followed by paraparesis and bladder and bowel paralysis, so that in most cases surgical decompression is carried out. On magnetic resonance imaging these hematomas present as thoracic or lumbar subdural masses, their signal intensity varying with the age of the hematoma. We report the clinical course and the findings revealed by imaging that led to the diagnosis in three cases of chronic spinal subdural hematoma. (orig.)

2

Pathogenesis of chronic subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ten cases of chronic subdural hematoma that were followed by a sequential study with CT from an early posttraumatic period to evolution of chronic subdural hematoma were reported. In four of these 10 cases, the initial CT showed thin subdural collections of high density suggesting acute subdural hematoma. Two weeks later, the density of subdural collections reduced, but their volumes increased. Clinical symptoms such as headache and disorientation occurred three or four weeks later. Preoperative CT showed similar huge subdural collections of low density and marked mass effect. These cases underwent surgery from 24 to 44 days after injury, and development of neomenbranes was confirmed. In the remaining six cases, the initial CT showed thin subdural collections of low density suggesting subdural hygroma. In five of the six cases, the density of the subdural collections was slightly higher than that of cerebrospinal fluid, and in one case, an area of spotted high density was shown. It was suggested that these were mixtures with blood. Follow-up CT scans revealed that the subdural collections increased in size but remained at a uniformly low density for the first month after the head injury, and then the increase in density occurred. Operations were performed 55 to 76 days after injury, and operative findings were not different from those of common chronic subdural hematoma. From these investigations, it was suggested that there were two types of evolution of chronic subdere two types of evolution of chronic subdural hematoma. One is the development from acute subdural hematomas, and the other from subdural hygromas. It is supposed that blood and cerebrospinal fluid are very important factors in the evolution of subdural collections into chronic subdural hematomas. (J.P.N.)

3

Subdural hematoma  

Science.gov (United States)

... blood collection, and how quickly treatment is obtained. Acute subdural hematomas present the greatest challenge, with high rates of death and injury. Subacute and chronic subdural hematomas have better outcomes in most cases, ...

4

[Chronic subdural hematoma: diagnostic imaging studies].  

Science.gov (United States)

CT-scan is able to provide the diagnosis of chronic subdural hematoma in more than 90% of the cases. It usually shows a peri-cerebral fluid collection along the convexity, with a convex outer border, and an irregular concave inner border. The density of the collection depends on the age of the hematoma. The main difficulties, in term of diagnosis, result from bilateral isodense chronic subdural hematoma, and differential diagnosis between hematoma, hygroma, and empyema. Some rare localisations can sometimes be seen (posterior fossa, skull base...). A double density with a sedimentation level, or heterogeneity of the hematoma, can sometimes be seen too. Chronic subdural hematoma is demonstrated by MRI in almost 100% of the cases. The intensity of the collection, in T1 and T2 sequences, depends on the age of the hematoma. PMID:11915760

Guénot, M

2001-11-01

5

Calcified chronic subdural hematoma: case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Calcified or ossified chronic subdural hematoma is a rare entity that usually presents as a space-occupying lesion over the cerebral convexity. We report a case of calcified and ossified chronic subdural hematoma in an unusual location that has not been previously reported. A 24-year-old man with a history of tonic-clonic convulsions since 7 months of age was admitted because of increasing frequency and duration of seizures. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a fusiform extra-axial lesion just above the tentorium and adjacent to the cerebral falx. A calcified and ossified chronic subdural hematoma was noted and was almost completely removed by craniotomy. Better seizure control was achieved by removal of the calcified chronic subdural hematoma. Calcified subdural hematoma, calcified epidural hematoma, calcified empyema, meningioma, calcified arachnoid cyst, and calcified convexity of the dura mater with acute epidural hematoma should be considered for the differential diagnosis of an extra-axial calcified lesion. PMID:10074745

Yan, H J; Lin, K E; Lee, S T; Tzaan, W C

1998-12-01

6

Acute-on-chronic subdural hematoma by spinal anesthesia in a patient with undiagnosed chronic subdural hematoma -A case report-.  

Science.gov (United States)

Subdural hematoma is a serious but rare complication of spinal anesthesia. A 70-year-old woman patient underwent elective total knee replacement under spinal anesthesia. At 4 days postoperatively, the patient complained of headache and vomiting. Brain computed tomography revealed an acute-on-chronic subdural hematoma with midline shift. The patient recovered completely after surgical decompression. We report a patient with an undiagnosed chronic subdural hematoma, who developed acute-on-chronic subdural hematoma after spinal anesthesia. PMID:21860755

Park, Il Bong; Moon, Soo Yeong; Kim, Yu Yil; Kwon, Young Eun; Lee, Jun Hak

2011-07-01

7

Evaluation of subdural space after evacuation of chronic subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Subdural low density lesions of two cases were reexplored after evacuation of chronic subdural hematoma and thickening of the outer membrane was found in both cases. 1st case was a 88 year-old male, who had shown at least 7 months history of chronic subdural fluid accumulation. Reexploration of residual subdural low density space on CT after 14 days following the evacuation disclosed thickening of the outer membrane and none of fluid. 2nd case was a 71 year-old male who had a history of head injury 2 months before. Reexploration of residual low density lesion 14 days later disclosed a similar thickening of the outer membrane without fluid accumulation. The postoperative low density area in both cases was suspected to be a residual hematoma before reexploratin, but only thickening of the outer membrane of the hematoma was found. The outer membrane of 2nd case was histologically composed of layers of matured granulation, contiguous to the dura and a layer of immature granulation with microhemorrhage, facing the cavity. Thickening of the outer membrane seems to play an important role not only to develope, but to resolve the chronic subdural hematoma. It is neccessary to evaluate other factors than low density space per se to eliminate a needless reexploration. (author)

8

Cerebral perfusion changes in chronic subdural hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Chronic subdural hematoma is a frequent disorder in the elderly. Although intensively investigated, numerous aspects, including the pathophysiology of clinical symptoms, remain unclear. Perfusion deficits are likely to induce the transient neurologic symptoms seen in chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH). The aim of the present study was to quantify cerebral perfusion impairment in cSDH. Before surgery, 34 patients were examined neurologically using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score and investigated by CT perfusion imaging. Hematoma volume, localization, and hematoma configuration were recorded. Clinical and radiological data were correlated. Mean hematoma volume was 91.8?cm(3) (16.2-241.6?cm(3), standard deviation [SD] 49.5). Whole brain mean transit time (MTT) was slightly elevated (mean 36.6?sec, SD 5.8). Hematoma volume and cerebral blood volume (CBV) in the underlying hemisphere correlated marginally but not significantly (p=0.067). Perfusion parameters determined in the area below the hematoma (ABH) and the corresponding contralateral cortex (MAC) were highly significantly different regarding cerebral blood flow (CBF) (mean 88.8 vs. 70.4, p<0.01) and CBV (mean 29.4 vs. 22.5, p<0.01). On the other hand, MTT and Tmax were almost equal between these areas (MTT means 35.0 vs. 34.8, (p)=0.914; tMax means 16.0 vs. 15.4, p=0.587). We conclude that local brain perfusion autoregulation is active in the cortical area below cSDH. CBV and CBF are significantly upregulated in the cortical area below cSDH indicating the effect of autoregulation in tissue at risk of ischemia. Cerebral autoregulation is intact in cSDH. Neurologic deficits are likely induced by borderline perfusion. PMID:23227943

Slotty, Philipp Jörg; Kamp, Marcel Alexander; Steiger, Steiger Hans-Jakob; Cornelius, Jan Frederick; Macht, Stephan; Stummer, Walter; Turowski, Bernd

2013-03-01

9

Acute-on-chronic subdural hematoma by spinal anesthesia in a patient with undiagnosed chronic subdural hematoma -A case report-  

OpenAIRE

Subdural hematoma is a serious but rare complication of spinal anesthesia. A 70-year-old woman patient underwent elective total knee replacement under spinal anesthesia. At 4 days postoperatively, the patient complained of headache and vomiting. Brain computed tomography revealed an acute-on-chronic subdural hematoma with midline shift. The patient recovered completely after surgical decompression. We report a patient with an undiagnosed chronic subdural hematoma, who developed acute-on-chron...

Park, Il Bong; Moon, Soo Yeong; Kim, Yu Yil; Kwon, Young Eun; Lee, Jun Hak

2011-01-01

10

Nonsurgical treatment of chronic subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Sequential changes of clinical symptoms and computed tomography (CT) scans were investigated in 20 patients of chronic subdural hematoma treated by osmotherapy utilizing intravenous 20 % mannitol 1,000 ml daily for 2 weeks. Plain, contrast enhancement, and 4-hour-delayed contrast enhancement CT scans were taken once every week for 4 weeks from the start of the treatment and then once every month until hematoma disappeared. Though the clinical symptoms aggravated slightly in 4 cases during the first or second week, all the cases became asymptomatic at the end of the treatment and showed no recurrence thereafter. Sequential changes in CT scans are summarized as follows. 1) Plain CT scans showed that the hematoma started to reduce in size rapidly after termination of the treatment. Density of hematoma decreased sequentially, although it increased transiently in 9 cases. After treatment, the hematoma disappeared after 3 months in 18 cases, after 4 months in one case, and 5 months in one case. 2) In contrast enhancement CT, two types of contrast enhancement were observed: ribbon-like cortical enhancement and linear enhancement beneath the hematoma. These enhancement effects were seen in 80 % of cases (cortical enhancement in 70 %, linear enhancement in 10 %) before the treatment. The cortical enhancement decreased through the treatment and disappeared in 2 months after the treatment. 3) The contrast enhancement effects within the hematoma cavity (evaluated as the relative ematoma cavity (evaluated as the relative increase of the CT numbers in the 4-hour-delayed contrast enhancement CT scans) were closely related to the hematoma reduction rate; the more marked and lasting the enhancement effects, the more delayed was the hematoma to be reduced by osmotherapy. (J.P.N.)

11

Pathogenesis of chronic subdural hematoma. Sequential study with computerized tomography  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Ten cases of chronic subdural hematoma that were followed by a sequential study with CT from an early posttraumatic period to evolution of chronic subdural hematoma were reported. In four of these 10 cases, the initial CT showed thin subdural collections of high density suggesting acute subdural hematoma. Two weeks later, the density of subdural collections reduced, but their volumes increased. Clinical symptoms such as headache and disorientation occurred three or four weeks later. Preoperative CT showed similar huge subdural collections of low density and marked mass effect. These cases underwent surgery from 24 to 44 days after injury, and development of neomembranes was confirmed. In the remaining six cases, the initial CT showed thin subdural collections of low density suggesting subdural hygroma. In five of the six cases, the density of the subdural collections was slightly higher than that of cerebrospinal fluid, and in one case, an area of spotted high density was shown. It was suggested that these were mixtures with blood. Follow-up CT scans revealed that the subdural collections increased in size but remained at a uniformly low density for the first month after the head injury, and then the increase in density occurred. Operations were performed 55 to 76 days after injury, and operative findings were not different from those of common chronic subdural hematoma. From these investigations, it was suggested that there were two types of evolution of chronic subdural hematoma. One is the development from acute subdural hematomas, and the other from subdural hygromas. It is supposed that blood and cerebrospinal fluid are very important factors in the evolution of subdural collections into chronic subdural hematomas.

Taguchi, Y.; Nakamura, N.; Sato, J. (Jikei Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine); Hasegawa, Y.

1982-04-01

12

Intracranial Rhabdomyosarcoma Presented as Chronic Subdural Hematoma: A Case Report  

OpenAIRE

Intracranial rhabdomyosarcoma is a very rare disorder. Subdural rhabdomyosarcoma has not been reported yet. It can be misdiagnosed with chronic subdural hematoma in CT images. Herein, we presented a 2.5-year-old boy with intractable chronic subdural hematoma who were treated with burr hole insertion, needle aspiration and shunting for about 2 years with partial resolution of his symptoms after each procedure. The final pathologic evaluation after extensive bilateral craniotomy revealed rhabdo...

Mahdavi, A.; Sh. Yazdani; Sh. Kazmi; Nejat, F.; Mehdizadeh, M.; Monajemzadeh, M.

2007-01-01

13

Hematoma subdural crónico: Una enfermedad del adulto mayor Chronic subdural hematoma: a disease of elderly people  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The lack of specificity and heterogeneity of the clinical picture of chronic subdural hematoma, hampers its diagnosis. Aim: To report the experience of a Neurosurgical Service in chronic subdural hematoma. Patients and methods: One hundred patients (77 male, mean age 77±13 years with chronic subdural hematoma were analyzed. Results: The main clinical presentations were mental status changes (50% and progressive focal neurological deficit (46%. Five cases presented as a transient neurological deficit. All patients were treated with burr hole drainage. Thirteen had recurrence of the hematoma and they were reoperated. The surgical mortality was 3%. Eighty seven patients were followed for a mean of 66 months. Eighty one of these had a complete recovery, 6 had permanent neurological deficit and 2 of these were unable to care for themselves. Bad prognosis was associated with the absence of a previous trauma to explain the hematoma and symptoms of dementia as the clinical presentation. Conclusions: Most patients with chronic subdural hematoma treated with burr hole drainage have a good outcome (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 177-82

Patricio Tagle M

2003-02-01

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Hematoma subdural crónico: Una enfermedad del adulto mayor / Chronic subdural hematoma: a disease of elderly people  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english The lack of specificity and heterogeneity of the clinical picture of chronic subdural hematoma, hampers its diagnosis. Aim: To report the experience of a Neurosurgical Service in chronic subdural hematoma. Patients and methods: One hundred patients (77 male, mean age 77±13 years) with chronic subdur [...] al hematoma were analyzed. Results: The main clinical presentations were mental status changes (50%) and progressive focal neurological deficit (46%). Five cases presented as a transient neurological deficit. All patients were treated with burr hole drainage. Thirteen had recurrence of the hematoma and they were reoperated. The surgical mortality was 3%. Eighty seven patients were followed for a mean of 66 months. Eighty one of these had a complete recovery, 6 had permanent neurological deficit and 2 of these were unable to care for themselves. Bad prognosis was associated with the absence of a previous trauma to explain the hematoma and symptoms of dementia as the clinical presentation. Conclusions: Most patients with chronic subdural hematoma treated with burr hole drainage have a good outcome (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 177-82)

Patricio, Tagle M; Francisco, Mery M; Gonzalo, Torrealba M; Sergio, Del Villar PM; Hans, Carmona V; Manuel, Campos P; Jorge, Méndez S; Ada, Chicharro C.

2003-02-01

15

MRI findings and hematoma contents of chronic subdural hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Twenty-six cases of chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs) were studied with special reference to the magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings and the biochemical analysis of the hematoma contents. There were 5 cases of bilateral CSDH. An apparent history of head trauma was obtained in 13 cases. All cases were evaluated preoperatively with both computed tomography (CT) and MRI. MRI was studied with both T1-weighted (spin echo, TR/TE 600/15) imaging (T1WI) and T2-weighted (spin echo, TR/TE 3,000/90) imaging (T2WI). A biochemical analysis of the hematoma contents was assayed with regard to hematocrit (HT), the total protein (TP), methemoglobin (Met-Hb), the total cholesterol (Tchol), triglyceride (TG), fibrin and fibrinogen degradation products (FDP), Fe, and osmolarity (Osm). The CT findings were divided into four groups: 5 cases of low-density, 7 cases of isodensity, 13 cases of high-density, and 5 cases of mixed-density hematomas. The MRI findings were also divided as 18 cases of high-, 4 cases of iso-, and 2 cases of low-signal-intensity hematomas on T1WI. On T2WI, 18 cases were high-, 4 cases were iso-, and 2 cases were low-signal-intensity hematomas. Twelve cases were high-signal-intensity hematomas on both T1WI and T2WI. In comparison with the CT and MRI findings, hematomas of low and isodensity on CT showed high signal intensities on T1WI except in one case. The high-de>1WI except in one case. The high-density hematomas on CT showed a variable signal intensity on MRI. The results of the biochemical analysis of hematoma fluid were compared with the MRI findings. The Ht value showed no apparent correlation with the MRI findings; however, increased values of TP in hematomas tended to show higher signal intensities on T1WI. The most apparent correlation was seen between the Met-Hb ratio and T1WI MRI. All hematomas containing >10% Met-Hb showed high signal intensities on T1WI. The CT, the MRI, and the results of the biochemic analysis of hematoma contents were presented in 3 cases. (J.P.N.)

16

Intracranial Rhabdomyosarcoma Presented as Chronic Subdural Hematoma: A Case Report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Intracranial rhabdomyosarcoma is a very rare disorder. Subdural rhabdomyosarcoma has not been reported yet. It can be misdiagnosed with chronic subdural hematoma in CT images. Herein, we presented a 2.5-year-old boy with intractable chronic subdural hematoma who were treated with burr hole insertion, needle aspiration and shunting for about 2 years with partial resolution of his symptoms after each procedure. The final pathologic evaluation after extensive bilateral craniotomy revealed rhabdomyosarcoma. The role of CT and MRI in early diagnosis and management of this rare situation is discussed.

A. Mahdavi

2007-10-01

17

Computerized tomography of chronic subdural hematoma extending to the tentorium  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of chronic subdural hematoma extending to the cerebellar tentorium is presented. The clinical feature of this case was gait disturbance with trankial ataxia. An axial CT scan showed only a diffuse high-density area in the cerebellar tentorium, but a coronal CT scan revealed a characteristic high-density lesion just on the cerebellar tentorium. The hematoma was evacuated by opening a burrhole at the convex; the gait disturbance disappeared after this operation. The value of a coronal CT scan in this case is stressed, and the mechanism of gait disturbance in a chronic subdural hematoma is discussed. (author)

18

Benefits of Artcereb on the irrigation of chronic subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Chronic subdural hematoma is thought to be an easily treatable disease. However, its recurrence rate is approximately 10%, and such cases require re-operation. We compared the recurrance rate of chronic subdural hematoma with irrigation using either saline or the artificial cerebrospinal fluid Artcereb. We divided the patients into 2 groups. A total of 60 patients in the normal saline group (hematoma, n=58; bilateral hematoma, n=2) underwent irrigation with saline between March 2007 and July 2009. A total of 61 patients in the Artcereb group (hematoma, n=54; bilateral hematoma, n=7) underwent irrigation using Artcereb between August 2009 and May 2011. We performed irrigation via 1 burr hole with 500-1000 ml of either normal saline or Artcereb under local anesthesia and observed until recurrence or disappearance of the hematomas on CT scan. We researched the recurrence rate of the hematomas. Recurrence of the hematomas were observed in 8 cases (13%) in the normal saline group and 5 cases (8.2%) in the Artcereb group. No statistically significant differences were observed. Among those patients who did not receive anticoagulants, the recurrence rate was 6/54 (11%) in the normal saline group and 1/49 (2.0%) in the Artcereb group (p<0.10). Our study showed the possibility that the postoperative recurrence rate of chronic subdural hematoma was lower using Artcereb than saline for irrigation. (author)

19

Tratamiento médico de un hematoma subdural crónico / Medical treatment of a chronic subdural hematoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se presenta una paciente portadora de un hematoma subdural crónico postraumático, que se trató médicamente y se logró su desaparición en el curso de varios meses, sin tratamiento quirúrgico y sin signos evolutivos de empeoramiento neurológico. La furosemida fue usada como medicamento básico en su tr [...] atamiento. Se adjuntan imágenes que confirman el valor de este punto de vista terapéutico. Abstract in english This is the case of a patient carrier of a post-traumatic chronic subdural hematoma clinically treated achieving its disappearance over some months without surgical treatment and evolutionary signs of neurologic worsening. The furosemide was used as basic drug in its treatment. The images confirming [...] the value of this point of therapeutical view are enclosed.

Antonio, Guevara Melcón; Ashley, Obregón Marín.

2012-03-01

20

Process of evolution to chronic subdural hematoma, (1)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The process of evolution to chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) was discussed on the basis of MRI and CT findings. The materials were 22 sides of 15 cases in which CSH had been diagnosed by means of MRI, CT, and/or surgery. These cases were followed by CT with/without MRI after the initial head injury. Various findings were shown in the subdural space, such as subdural hygroma (40%), acute subdural hematoma (25%), normal state (20%), and traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (15%). Regardless of the conditions of the subdural space after the head injury, however, CSH was finally present in all cases after the formation of subdural hygroma and its enlargement. The duration of the formation of hygroma after head injury ranged from 0 to 12 days (mean: 2.7 days), and its final confirmation ranged from 11 to 61 days (mean: 33.4 days). The period from the final confirmation of hygroma to the first recognition of CSH was between 8 and 36 days (mean: 17.7 days), while the period from head injury to the formation of CSH was between 27 and 75 days (mean: 51.1 days). The process of evolution to CSH may be thought to be as follows: A normal subdural space changes into a subdural hygroma by the tearing of the arachnoid membrane due to head injury. Capsule formation follows the process lasting for more than three weeks. CSH develops in consequence of bleeding from the outer membrane. (author)

21

Primary enlarged craniotomy in organized chronic subdural hematomas.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of craniotomy and membranectomy as initial treatment of organized chronic subdural hematoma (OCSH). We retrospectively reviewed a series of 34 consecutive patients suffering from OCSH, diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or contrast computer tomography (CCT) in order to establish the degree of organization and determine the intrahematomal architecture. The indication to perform a primary enlarged craniotomy as initial treatment for non-liquefied chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) with multilayer loculations was based on the hematoma MRI appearance--mostly hyperintense in both T1- and T2-weighted images with a hypointense web- or net-like structure within the hematoma cavity. The reason why some hematomas evolve towards a complex and organized architecture remains unclear; the most common aspect to come to light was the "long standing" of the CSDHs which, in our series, had an average interval of 10 weeks between head injury and initial scan. Recurrence was found to have occurred in 2 patients (6% of cases) in the form of acute subdural hematoma. One patient died as the result of an intraventricular and subarachnoid haemorrhage, while 2 patients (6%) suffered an haemorrhagic stroke ipsilateral to the OCSH. Eighty-nine percent of cases had a good recovery, while 11% remained unchanged or worsened. In select cases, based on the MRI appearance, primary enlarged craniotomy seems to be the treatment of choice for achieving a complete recovery and a reduced recurrence rate in OCSH. PMID:24305027

Callovini, Giorgio Maria; Bolognini, Andrea; Callovini, Gemma; Gammone, Vincenzo

2014-01-01

22

Chronic spinal subdural hematoma; Spinales chronisches subdurales Haematom  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Compared with spinal epidural hematomas, spinal subdural hematomas are rare; chronic forms are even more uncommon. These hematomas are associated not only with lumbar puncture and spinal trauma, but also with coagulopathies, vascular malformations and tumors. Compression of the spinal cord and the cauda equina means that the patients develop increasing back or radicular pain, followed by paraparesis and bladder and bowel paralysis, so that in most cases surgical decompression is carried out. On magnetic resonance imaging these hematomas present as thoracic or lumbar subdural masses, their signal intensity varying with the age of the hematoma. We report the clinical course and the findings revealed by imaging that led to the diagnosis in three cases of chronic spinal subdural hematoma. (orig.) [German] Spinale subdurale Haematome sind im Vergleich zu epiduralen Haematomen selten, chronische Verlaufsformen noch seltener. Ursaechlich sind neben Lumbalpunktionen und traumatischen Verletzungen auch Blutgerinnungsstoerungen, Gefaessmalformationen und Tumoren. Aufgrund der Kompression von Myelon und Cauda equina kommt es zu zunehmenden Ruecken- oder radikulaeren Schmerzen mit anschliessender Paraparese sowie einer Darm- und Blasenstoerung, weshalb in den meisten Faellen eine operative Entlastung durchgefuehrt wird. Magnetresonanztomographisch stellen sich die Haematome meist als thorakale bzw. lumbale subdurale Raumforderungen dar, die Signalintensitaet variiert mit dem Blutungsalter. Wir berichten ueber den klinischen Verlauf und die bildgebende Diagnostik von 3 Patienten mit spinalen chronischen subduralen Haematomen. (orig.)

Hagen, T.; Lensch, T. [Radiologengemeinschaft, Augsburg (Germany)

2008-10-15

23

[Influence of anticoagulants on the appearance of chronic subdural hematoma].  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years in the Department of Neurotraumatology in Cracow it has been noticed the frequent connection between appearance of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) and treatment by anticoagulant medications. The aim of this study is to draw attention to the problem of insufficient control of anticoagulants consumption, especially by patients treated for cardiovascular system diseases that increases the risk of bleeding and CSDH development. The paper is based on data from questionnaires that was sent to patients with CSDH, cured in the Department of Neurotraumatology form 2004 to 2005. Analyzed was the group of 51 patients with chronic subdural hematoma; 37 individuals (72.5%) confirmed taking acetylsalicylic acid in the period of 3 months before admission to the Department, 9 (17.6%) patients answered that they were taking low-molecular weight heparin. One patient (1.9%) was taking chronically derivative of cumarin. The authors would inform that anticoagulant treatment might favour increase of chronic subdural hematoma incidence. It's especially important, because the average life expectancy has been prolonged in Poland and there are more people taking acetylsalicylic acid. This can be an epidemiological problem in future. PMID:20043584

Krupa, Mariusz; Moska?a, Marek; Sk?adzie?, Tomasz; Grzywna, Ewelina

2009-01-01

24

[Pure motor hemiparesis secondary to chronic subdural hematoma with total recovery through medical treatment].  

Science.gov (United States)

We discuss in this paper the cases of two patients with pure motor hemiparesis which were secondary to chronic subdural hematoma who evolved satisfactorily only with medical treatment. Of 1,000 consecutive patients with cerebro-vascular pathology admitted in our Neurology Department in the last 5 years, said two patients were the only ones (0.2%) in whom the lacunar syndrome "pure motor hemiparesis" was secondary to a chronic subdural hematoma. Such cases show that a subdural hematoma can manifest itself as a lacunar syndrome and that in selected cases the medical treatment of chronic subdural hematoma can yield goods results. PMID:8516509

Arboix, A; Massons, J; Oliveres, M; Titus, F

1993-05-01

25

Clinical studies on cerebral blood flow in chronic subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and clinical symptoms were examined between pre- and post-operations in twenty-four patients with unilateral chronic subdural hematoma. The following results were obtained by intravenous 133Xe method : 1. There was a reducing tendency of the CBF (hemisphere) on hematoma side, in most cases. While, the groups of headache and disturbances of consciousness did not give a laterality between hematoma and opposite side without the group of hemiparesis. 2. The absolute values of the CBF in the groups of headache and disturbances of consciousness were correlated with the clinical symptoms. In the group of hemiparesis, the laterality between hematoma and opposite side was correlated with the clinical symptoms. 3. In the group of hemiparesis, the F-flow (fast-flow) had sensitive reaction more than the ISI (initial slope index) with symptomatic improvement. 4. It was found that there was not an increase in the absolute value of the CBF, which was under the normal limit between pre- and post-operations in the case without improvement. By SPECT (Method of IMP), the following results were obtained : 1. There was the area of defect at the location of hematoma and the CBF tended to reduce at the subcortical white matter and at the basal ganglia of hematoma side. 2. The CBF of the contralateral hematoma side in the hemisphere of cerebellum was also tended to reduce. (author)

26

Giant unusual shaped chronic subdural hematoma in a patient with untreated congenital hydrocephalus.  

Science.gov (United States)

Subdural hematoma is a well known complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion for hydrocephalus and usually spreads out over the cerebral convexity, and appears as a crescent shaped lesion on imaging. Chronic subdural hematoma in a case of untreated compensated congenital hydrocephalus has not been reported in English literature. We report the rare case of an adult with congenital hydrocephalus with a huge unusual shaped hemispheric subdural hematoma. PMID:22347339

Mishra, Arvind; Ojha, Bal K; Chandra, Anil; Srivastava, Chhitij; Singh, Sunil Kumar

2011-07-01

27

Giant unusual shaped chronic subdural hematoma in a patient with untreated congenital hydrocephalus  

OpenAIRE

Subdural hematoma is a well known complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion for hydrocephalus and usually spreads out over the cerebral convexity, and appears as a crescent shaped lesion on imaging. Chronic subdural hematoma in a case of untreated compensated congenital hydrocephalus has not been reported in English literature. We report the rare case of an adult with congenital hydrocephalus with a huge unusual shaped hemispheric subdural hematoma.

Mishra, Arvind; Ojha, Bal K.; Chandra, Anil; Srivastava, Chhitij; Singh, Sunil Kumar

2011-01-01

28

Chronic Subdural Hematoma a Review of 58 Cases  

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Full Text Available From this short review, immerges a syndrome of the chronic subdural hematoma. The patient is usually an elderly male', with a hisory of moderate or severe trauma to the head incurred about 2 months prionjto admission, with or witout immediate headache which subsides, then recurs lllb6ut two to three weeks prior to admission. The headache becomes severer and the patient may develop a hemiparesis most frequently contralaterally, would become drowsy and may enter coma if not diagnosed and treated early. On examination, he would show dulled mental capacities and possibly papilloedema, with or without a hemiparesis and in one fifth of the cases a peculiar type of disturbance of gait. If there has been waxing and waning of the symptomatology in the past few days. this adds to the completeness of the picture. Although there is a syndrome that caracteriscs cases of subdural hematomas, the picture can be very varied and there is no doubt that the final diagnosis rests with angiography, which shows a typical appearance of an avascular lens shaped area just under tho parietal bone on the AP films or in some cases under the frontal bone in oblique film

Fuad S. Haddad

1964-01-01

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Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma as the initial manifestation of chronic myeloid leukemia.  

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Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma is rare and limited to sporadic case reports, associated with neoplasm, aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation and cocaine use. Subdural hematoma has also been reported in association with leukemic malignancies, either during therapy or after diagnosis. However, there are no reports of spontaneous acute subdural hematoma as the primary initial presenting manifestation of a chronic myeloid leukemia. Here we describe one case of a 53-year-old male that presented with severe right-sided headache and intermittent left-sided paresthesias. CT scan showed non-traumatic right-sided acute subdural hematoma. Further evaluation revealed that the patient had chronic myeloid leukemia. His peripheral white blood count normalized after Gleevec and hydroxyurea chemotherapy. Furthermore, he had no neurological deficits after his subdural collection was adequately evacuated. PMID:20582615

Abdulhamid, Mohamed M; Li, Yan Michael; Hall, Walter A

2011-02-01

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Contralateral acute subdural hematoma occurring after evacuation of subdural hematoma with coexistent contralateral subdural hygroma.  

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Burr-hole craniostomy with closed-system drainage is a safe and effective method for the management of chronic subdural hematoma. However, contralateral acute subdural hematoma has been reported to be a rare and devastating complication. Only 3 cases have been described in the literature. Herein, we reported an 80-year-old male with chronic subdural hematoma and contralateral subdural hygroma. The burr-hole craniostomy with closed-system drainage was initially performed to treat the chronic subdural hematoma. Three days after surgery, weakness of the extremities developed, and contralateral acute subdural bleeding within the previous subdural hygroma was diagnosed by CT scan of the brain. The pathophysiological mechanism of this rare complication was discussed, and the relevant literature was also reviewed. PMID:24983286

Sun, Hsiao-Lun; Chang, Chih-Ju; Hsieh, Cheng-Ta

2014-07-01

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[Cephalic index in the case of chronic subdural hematomas; a preliminary report].  

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As a low cephalic index (cephalic index = breadth x 100/length), also called "dolichocephaly" has often been observed in patients with chronic subdural hematomas, the relation between the occurrence of chronic subdural hematoma and the cephalic index was investigated. 62 patients (male: 51, female: 11) with chronic subdural hematomas who were admitted during the past 5 years, and 62 patients (male: 51, female: 11) aged 40 years and over who visited the hospital for head injury which caused no intracranial hematoma, randomly sampled, as a control group, a total of 124 patients were studied for cephalic index on plain craniogram. The average cephalic index was 79.0 for males and 81.3 for females in the chronic subdural hematoma group, compared with 82.1 for males and 83.3 for females in the control group. The former index was lower than the latter for both sexes. Dolichocephaly was observed in 8 out of 51 males (15.7%) with chronic subdural hematomas while it was observed in only 1 out of 51 males (2.0%) in the control group. Since it has been reported that dolichocephaly depends on the development of arcus superciliaris and protuberantia occipitalis externa by the interaction between androgen and GH in males as well as time of closure of the cranial suture in childhood, and as androgen accelerates offensive behavior and GH stimulates the synthesis of collagen, the occurrence of chronic subdural hematoma is potentially related with sexual or individual variation in such endocrinic environments.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1542393

Sato, M; Kuwana, N; Kojima, Y; Tanaka, N

1992-02-01

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Illustration of the impact of antiplatelet drugs on the genesis and management of chronic subdural hematoma.  

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The case of a 76-year-old male with a large chronic subdural hematoma that showed total regression with the mere suspension of aspirin, its only apparent causal factor, and that of an 81 year-old male on aspirin and clopidogrel with a chronic subdural hematoma who succumbed after burr holes due to two simultaneous severe hemorrhagic complications (cerebellar hemorrhage and ipsilateral acute subdural hematoma) are presented. The cases may provide support for the following management strategies: (i) if conservative management and drug suspension are feasible, they may well be worth trying and lead to a favorable outcome; (ii) if a patient is at risk of developing a chronic subdural hematoma, namely because of a minor acute subdural hematoma, withdrawal of antiplatelet agents should be considered; (iii) if surgery is necessary, its delay allows for the metabolization of the drug and platelet renewal, thereby minimizing the risk of hemorrhage; (iv) if urgent burr holes are indicated, measures to improve platelet function should be undertaken. PMID:22030168

Mascarenhas, L

2012-02-01

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Process of evolution to chronic subdural hematoma, (1); A study with MRI and CT  

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The process of evolution to chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) was discussed on the basis of MRI and CT findings. The materials were 22 sides of 15 cases in which CSH had been diagnosed by means of MRI, CT, and/or surgery. These cases were followed by CT with/without MRI after the initial head injury. Various findings were shown in the subdural space, such as subdural hygroma (40%), acute subdural hematoma (25%), normal state (20%), and traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (15%). Regardless of the conditions of the subdural space after the head injury, however, CSH was finally present in all cases after the formation of subdural hygroma and its enlargement. The duration of the formation of hygroma after head injury ranged from 0 to 12 days (mean: 2.7 days), and its final confirmation ranged from 11 to 61 days (mean: 33.4 days). The period from the final confirmation of hygroma to the first recognition of CSH was between 8 and 36 days (mean: 17.7 days), while the period from head injury to the formation of CSH was between 27 and 75 days (mean: 51.1 days). The process of evolution to CSH may be thought to be as follows: A normal subdural space changes into a subdural hygroma by the tearing of the arachnoid membrane due to head injury. Capsule formation follows the process lasting for more than three weeks. CSH develops in consequence of bleeding from the outer membrane. (author).

Kwak, Ryungchan; Takeuchi, Fumihiko; Yokoyama, Masato; Sasaki, Takashi (Kanazawa Medical Univ. Uchinada (Japan)); Mun, Jhongbu; Ohi, Masayoshi

1989-10-01

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Chronic subdural hematoma associated with moyamoya phenomenon after radiotherapy for medulloblastoma  

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A 9-year-old boy had been diagnosed at the age of 9 months as having a cerebellar medulloblastoma and had received 40 Gy of radiation therapy to the brain after removal of the tumor. Cerebral angiography at the time of initial diagnosis did not show any evidence of occlusive disease involving the internal carotid circulation. At the age of 6 years, the patient developed generalized seizures. On examination, he was drowsy and had right hemiparesis. CT scan demonstrated a low-density area in the left frontal lobe. Cerebral angiography showed a marked narrowing of the bilateral internal carotid arteries with moyamoya vessels. The patient was treated medically with aspirin (100 mg/day) and anticonvulsants. His neurological deficits improved gradually. At the age of 8 years, there was no recurrence of the tumor although a slight left subdural hematoma was seen on CT scan. On August 10, 1993, at the age of 9 years, he was admitted for treatment of a developing subdural hematoma. MRI showed a chronic subdural hematoma with thick outer and inner membranes. Cerebral angiography showed occlusion of the left internal carotid artery which fed the right frontal lobe through moyamoya vessels, marked narrowing of the right internal carotid artery distal to the ophthalmic artery, moyamoya vessels at the base, and cortical revascularization througth the ophthalmic, posterior cerebral and middle meningeal arteries. Trepanation and aspiration of the hematoma were performed. The outer me the hematoma were performed. The outer membrane of the hematoma was about 2 mm thick and the hematoma cavity was filled with a partially organized hematoma. In this case, we speculate that development of the chronic subdural hematoma involved the following factors: 1) transdural external-internal carotid anastomosis after radiation-induced cerebrovasculopathy; 2) repeated mild head trauma due to gait disturbance after removal of the cerebellar tumor; and 3) administration of acetylsalicylic acid. (author)

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Acute subdural hematoma requiring surgery in the subacute or chronic stage.  

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The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical characteristics and pathophysiology of conservatively treated cases of acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) that ultimately require surgery in the subacute or chronic stage, and devise an appropriate form of management for them. A total of 50 patients with ASDH were admitted to our institution during a 5-year period. Hematoma removal in the subacute or chronic stage was performed in 8 patients. The ASDH had been caused by a fall in 5 patients. Five patients had been treated with antiplatelet agents. Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery magnetic resonance (MR) imaging demonstrated an irregularly shaped hematoma with gyrus patterns in 4 of 5 patients. Diffusion-weighted MR imaging demonstrated a two-layered hematoma structure in 3 of 4 patients. The hematoma was removed via a craniotomy, a small craniotomy, and a burr hole in 1, 1, and 6 patients, respectively. At surgery in the craniotomy case, a solid clot was located beneath the dura, and a liquid hematoma was located close to the brain. After hematoma removal, no inner membrane was observed on the brain surface. One patient had typical chronic subdural hematoma in the subacute stage, and 2 patients had so-called subacute subdural hematoma (SASDH) in the chronic stage. Although the majority of such cases can be treated by burr-hole surgery, a small craniotomy or craniotomy ought to be considered as a further surgical option if SASDH is diagnosed on the basis of clinical and radiological data, especially diffusion-weighted MR imaging. PMID:23708224

Izumihara, Akifumi; Yamashita, Katsuhiro; Murakami, Tomoyuki

2013-01-01

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Chronic subdural hematoma associated with moyamoya phenomenon after radiotherapy for medulloblastoma; A case report  

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A 9-year-old boy had been diagnosed at the age of 9 months as having a cerebellar medulloblastoma and had received 40 Gy of radiation therapy to the brain after removal of the tumor. Cerebral angiography at the time of initial diagnosis did not show any evidence of occlusive disease involving the internal carotid circulation. At the age of 6 years, the patient developed generalized seizures. On examination, he was drowsy and had right hemiparesis. CT scan demonstrated a low-density area in the left frontal lobe. Cerebral angiography showed a marked narrowing of the bilateral internal carotid arteries with moyamoya vessels. The patient was treated medically with aspirin (100 mg/day) and anticonvulsants. His neurological deficits improved gradually. At the age of 8 years, there was no recurrence of the tumor although a slight left subdural hematoma was seen on CT scan. On August 10, 1993, at the age of 9 years, he was admitted for treatment of a developing subdural hematoma. MRI showed a chronic subdural hematoma with thick outer and inner membranes. Cerebral angiography showed occlusion of the left internal carotid artery which fed the right frontal lobe through moyamoya vessels, marked narrowing of the right internal carotid artery distal to the ophthalmic artery, moyamoya vessels at the base, and cortical revascularization througth the ophthalmic, posterior cerebral and middle meningeal arteries. Trepanation and aspiration of the hematoma were performed. The outer membrane of the hematoma was about 2 mm thick and the hematoma cavity was filled with a partially organized hematoma. In this case, we speculate that development of the chronic subdural hematoma involved the following factors: (1) transdural external-internal carotid anastomosis after radiation-induced cerebrovasculopathy; (2) repeated mild head trauma due to gait disturbance after removal of the cerebellar tumor; and (3) administration of acetylsalicylic acid. (author).

Fuse, Takahisa; Takagi, Takuji; Fukushima, Tsuneyuki; Mizuno, Shiroh; Hashimoto, Nobukazu; Suzuki, Osamu (Nagoya City Higashi General Hospital (Japan))

1994-04-01

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Iatrogenic subdural hematoma mimicking acute epidural hematoma on computed tomography  

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Full Text Available Computed tomography images of the subdural and epiduralhematoma are well defined, crescent and lentiformshapes, respectively. However, it has been reported thatboth of them might mimic each other in rare instances. Literaturereveals seven reports subdural hematoma mimickingepidural. We are reporting a new case of subduralhematoma mimicking epidural hematoma radiologically,which occurred after evacuation of chronic subdural hematomawith burr-hole in a 75 years old man. J Clin ExpInvest 2013; 4 (3: 367-369Key words: Subdural hematoma, epidural hematoma,computed tomography, brain.

Hakan Ak

2013-09-01

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Chronic subdural hematoma in a child with acute myeloid leukemia after leukocytosis.  

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Severe complications that develop in the early stages in patients with acute leukemia have a mortal course. Bleeding, leukostasis, and less frequently, infections are responsible for early mortality. Hemorrhage is most common in acute leukemia and usually leads to death. Hemorrhage may occur due to chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation in patients with acute leukemia. Leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, sepsis, and coagulopathy increase the risk of bleeding. There may be multiple etiologic factors. Subdural or subarachnoid hemorrhage is less common than an intra-axial hemorrhage. The incidence of spontaneous subdural hematoma is higher in patients with leukemia. Although advances in the treatment of platelet transfusion and disseminated intravascular coagulation have decreased the incidence of hemorrhagic complications in patients receiving chemotherapy for acute leukemia, intracranial hemorrhage-related deaths are a significant problem. We discussed the etiology and management of chronic subdural hematoma detected in a two-year-old male patient with Acute Myeloid Leukemia and hyperleukocytosis. PMID:23559733

Basmaci, Mehmet; Hasturk, Askin E

2012-10-01

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Hypothalamo-pituitary dysfunction in patients with chronic subdural hematoma.  

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Relatively frequent pituitary hormone deficiencies are observed after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and according to the published studies the neuroendocrine consequenses of traumatic brain injury are underdiagnosed. In a cohort of 59 patients (49 males, mean age 68.3 years, 36-88 years) after evacuation of subdural hematoma (SDH) were evaluated hypothalamo-pituitary functions one week after surgery, after three months and after one year. Hypogonadism was present in 26 % of patients in an acute phase, but in the majority had a transient character. Less than half of patients was GH deficient (GHD) according to the GHRH+arginine test. We did not find any serious case of hypocortisolism, hypothyroidism, diabetes insipidus centralis nor syndrome of inappropriate secretion of ADH (SIADH). Transient partial hypocortisolism was present in two cases, but resolved. We did not find relation between extension of SDH or clinical severity and development of hypopituitarism. In conclusion, in some patients with SDH growth hormone deficiency or hypogonadism was present. No serious hypocortisolism, hypothyroidism, diabetes insipidus nor SIADH was observed. The possibility of neuroendocrine dysfunction should be considered in patients with SDH, although the deficits are less frequent than in patients after TBI or SAH. PMID:22292726

Hána, V; Kosák, M; Masopust, V; Netuka, D; Lacinová, Z; Kršek, M; Marek, J; Pecen, L

2012-01-01

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Intrahemispheric subdural hematoma complicated with chronic neurologic diseases  

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Two patients had interhemispheric subdural hematoma (ISH) without clinical signs or symptoms characteristic of ISH. The first patient, a 74-year-old woman with 7 years' history of Parkinson's disease, complained of unresponsiveness and akinesia. The treatment for suspected worsening of the disease failed to improve her conditions. Computed tomography (CT) showed hyperdensity along the falx from the frontal falx over the tentorium. Subsequent CT on the 23rd hospital day showed disappearance of hyperdensity, confirming ISH. The second patient, a 76-year-old woman with multiple cerebral infarction, was referred for loss of consciousness and vomiting. Neurological examination failed to reveal additional or augmented neurological deficits. Computed tomography showed a right parasagittal thin crescent hyperdensity with a flat medial border and a convex lateral border, extending from the anterior falx to the mid-falx. The hyperdensity disappeared on the 47th hospital day. These findings suggest the usefulness of CT as the only procedure when ISH features are not seen. (Namekawa, K.)

41

Iatrogenic subdural hematoma mimicking acute epidural hematoma on computed tomography  

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Computed tomography images of the subdural and epiduralhematoma are well defined, crescent and lentiformshapes, respectively. However, it has been reported thatboth of them might mimic each other in rare instances. Literaturereveals seven reports subdural hematoma mimickingepidural. We are reporting a new case of subduralhematoma mimicking epidural hematoma radiologically,which occurred after evacuation of chronic subdural hematomawith burr-hole in a 75 years old man. J Clin ExpInvest 2013; 4...

Hakan Ak; Sadiye Yolcu; Tugay Atalay; Naciye K??

2013-01-01

42

Various magnetic resonance imaging patterns of chronic subdural hematomas. indicators of the pathogenesis?  

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Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can detect various patterns in chronic subdural hematomas. These patterns were compared to the computed tomography (CT) appearances and chemical analysis of the content in 60 hematomas from 44 patients. The hematomas could be classified into five types on both T1- and T2-weighted images: low, high, and mixed intensity, isointensity, and layered. Combining the T1- and T2-weighted images of all 60 hematomas revealed a total of 14 different imaging patterns. Combining the CT and MR imaging findings of 55 hematomas identified 25 different patterns. Analysis of the hematoma contents showed that hemolysis-related parameters, such as potassium, glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, bilirubin, lactate dehydrogenase, and protein concentration, were markedly higher than in the peripheral blood, and there were significant correlations between these parameters. Mixed intensity hematomas were significantly thicker than the other types, and showed markedly higher values of hemolysis-related parameters. Factors affecting the CT and MR imaging findings, such as fresh bleeding, hemolysis, and hemoglobin changes, coexist in a hematoma to varying degrees, and these factors may interact with the age of the hematoma to produce the different patterns that are observed. (author)

43

MR imaging of shaken baby syndrome manifested as chronic subdural hematoma  

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Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a form of child abuse that can cause significant head injuries, of which subdural hematoma (SDH) is the most common manifestation. We report the MRI findings of chronic SDH in three cases of SBS, involving two-, three- and eight-month-old babies. The SDH signal was mostly low on T1-weighted images and high on T2-weighted images, suggesting chronic SDH. In chronic SDH, a focal high signal on T1-weighted images was also noted, suggesting rebleeding. Contrast-enhanced MRI revealed diffuse dural enhancement

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Chronic subdural hematoma with sedimentation level on CT: correlation with clinical and operative findings  

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The purpose of this study is to correlate CT findings of the patients with chronic subdural hematoma(SDH) showing a sedimentation level with their clinical and operative findings. We selected 9 patients who showed a sedimentation level within the hematoma after reviewing the CT findings of 55 patients with SDH. We also analyzed their age, initial symptoms, cause of head injury, latent period, the level of consciousness on admission, CT findings, and operative findings. All of the 9 patients were aged persons(over 52 years). They had a history of acute exacerbation of neurologic symptoms. Five of them had an apparent history of head trauma more than one month before the exacerbation. The CT scans showed unilateral, crescent-shaped subdural fluid collection with a sedimentation level except a case of bilateral SDH and 2 cases of planoconvex-shaped SDH. The interface of the sedimentation level was sharp in 3 cases and indistinct in 6 cases. None had bleeding tendency and the hemoglobin level was slightly decreased in 2 patients. All patients revealed membrane of the hematoma during operation. The upper portion of the sedimentation was liquefied blood and the lower portion was fresh blood clots. We could observe fresh RBC's in the hematoma microscopically. A sedimentation level in chronic SDH was operatively proved to represent rebleeding, and was clinically manifested as an acute exacerbation of symptoms

45

Chronic subdural hematoma with sedimentation level on CT: correlation with clinical and operative findings  

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The purpose of this study is to correlate CT findings of the patients with chronic subdural hematoma(SDH) showing a sedimentation level with their clinical and operative findings. We selected 9 patients who showed a sedimentation level within the hematoma after reviewing the CT findings of 55 patients with SDH. We also analyzed their age, initial symptoms, cause of head injury, latent period, the level of consciousness on admission, CT findings, and operative findings. All of the 9 patients were aged persons(over 52 years). They had a history of acute exacerbation of neurologic symptoms. Five of them had an apparent history of head trauma more than one month before the exacerbation. The CT scans showed unilateral, crescent-shaped subdural fluid collection with a sedimentation level except a case of bilateral SDH and 2 cases of planoconvex-shaped SDH. The interface of the sedimentation level was sharp in 3 cases and indistinct in 6 cases. None had bleeding tendency and the hemoglobin level was slightly decreased in 2 patients. All patients revealed membrane of the hematoma during operation. The upper portion of the sedimentation was liquefied blood and the lower portion was fresh blood clots. We could observe fresh RBC's in the hematoma microscopically. A sedimentation level in chronic SDH was operatively proved to represent rebleeding, and was clinically manifested as an acute exacerbation of symptoms.

Lee, Sung Hee; Lee, Hyeon Kyeong; Lee, Won Jae [College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Kyungju (Korea, Republic of)] (and others)

1994-03-15

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Chronic subdural hematoma of the posterior fossa associated with cerebellar hemorrhage: report of rare disease with MRI findings Hematoma subdural crônico de fossa posterior associado a hemorragia cerebelar espontânea: relato de doença rara com achados de RNM  

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Full Text Available Chronic subdural hematoma of the posterior fossa is an uncommon entity, and spontaneous lesions are very rarely described, occurring mostly during anticoagulation therapy. The association of the posterior fossa chronic subdural hematoma with spontaneous parenchymal hemorrhage without anticoagulation therapy was never related in the literature, to our knowledge. We describe a case of a 64 year-old woman who suffered a spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage, treated conservatively, and presented 1 month later with a chronic subdural posterior fossa hematoma.Hematomas subdurais da fossa posterior são lesões raras, mais comumente relacionadas com traumas graves. A ocorrência de hematomas subdurais crônicos na fossa posterior é muito rara, sendo descritos 15 casos até o momento, boa parte relacionada ao uso de anticoagulantes. Em nossa revisão da literatura, não pudemos encontrar nenhum relato da associação entre hematoma subdural crônico da fossa posterior e hemorragia cerebelar espontânea. Relatamos o caso de paciente de 64 anos com hematoma intraparenquimatoso cerebelar tratado conservadoramente e hematoma subdural crônico, tratado cirurgicamente, cerca de 1 mês após o acidente vascular cerebelar.

Leodante B. Costa Jr

2004-03-01

47

Chronic subdural hematomas as evaluated by measns of SPECT, CT and EEG topography  

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Nineteen patients with chronic subdural hematomas were reviewed, and, in an attempt to delineate the pathophysiology of this condition, evaluations were made by means of single-photon-emission tomography (SPECT), computed tomography (CT), and electroencephalographic (EEG) topography. Choronic subdural hematomas were classified into three types on the basis of their SPECT appearances: Type I: normal cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the basal ganglionic region, with or without a decreased mean cerebral hemispheric CBF on the affected side; Type II: decreased basal ganglionic as well as mean cerebral hemispheric CBF on the affected side; Type III: Diffuse, marked reduction of CBF on both sides. In 11 patients with headaches, the SPECT images were often classified as Type I, in which there was a normal regional CBF in the basal ganglia. In the majority, CT scans revealed either hypo- or iso-density in the lesions, with a minimal midline shift. No evidence of focal slow waves was seen on the EEG topograms. On the other hand, 6 patients with hemiparesis demonstrated, on their SPECT images, a relative reduction of both hemispheric and basal ganglionic CBF, as designated as Type II. CT showed high- or mixed-density, and focal slow waves were found on the EEG topograms. Subsequent measurements of the CBF after the evacuation of the hematomas in 13 patients disclosed a 10-20% increase in both hemispheric and basal ganglionic CBF, particularly in patients younger than 65. The presenly in patients younger than 65. The present clinical studies suggest a critical role of CBF, especially basal ganglionic CBF, in the pathophysiology of chronic subdural hematomas. (author)

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Spontaneous intracranial hypotension presenting without orthostatic headache complicated by acute subdural hematoma after drainage for chronic subdural hematoma--case report.  

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A 28-year-old man presented with a case of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) manifesting as a bilateral chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) without orthostatic headache. He developed life-threatening acute SDH as a complication of CSDH drainage. Neurosurgeons should be aware that SIH patients do not always present with orthostatic headache. Brain magnetic resonance imaging with gadolinium may be recommended for young adults with non-traumatic CSDH before drainage to exclude SIH, even if they do not present with orthostatic headache. PMID:21785248

Kuramae, Takumi; Inamasu, Joji; Nakagawa, Yu; Nakatsukasa, Masashi

2011-01-01

49

Hematoma subdural crônico tratamento cirúrgico e resultados em 96 pacientes operados / Chronic subdural hematoma: surgical treatment and results in 96 operated patients  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os autores apresentam os resultados cirúrgicos de 96 casos de hematoma subdural crônico operados por meio de orifícios de trépano ou pequenas trefinas: 78 pacientes (81,3%) foram considerados curados, 6 (6,2%) apresentaram seqüelas e 12 (12,5%) faleceram. Os óbitos de natureza neurocirúrgica foram r [...] elacionados à intensidade do comprometimento neurológico por ocasião da cirurgia. A idade avançada associada à presença de doenças sistêmicas também teve influência na mortalidade. Seqüelas neurológicas foram observadas principalmente em pacientes submetidos a reoperações por reacúmulo do hematoma e em portadores de lesões bilaterais. Os autores chamam a atenção para a ocorrência de hipotensão intracraniana associada a colapso cerebral. A importância do diagnóstico precoce e cirurgia imediata são enfatizadas. Abstract in english Ninety-six patients with chronic subdural hematoma were treated surgically and their clinical features presented in detail. Carotid angiography gave the correct diagnosis in all patients. CT scan was performed in 38 and was diagnostic in 92.1% of the cases. The clots were removed through burr-holes [...] or small trephines: 78 (81.3%) patients were cured, 6 (6.2%) had permanent disabilities and 12 (12.5%) died. Operative mortality was related to the degree of neurological impairment, advanced age and systemic diseases. Neurologic sequelae were mostly related to reoperations due to recurrence of the hematoma and bilateral clots, as well. Low intracranial pressure syndrome with brain colapse was seen in 3 cases and treated with lumbar injection of saline solution. The delay in diagnosis and operation as cause of bad outcome is stressed.

J. Francisco, Salomão; Renê D., Leibinger; José Carlos, Lynch.

1990-03-01

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Hematoma subdural crônico tratamento cirúrgico e resultados em 96 pacientes operados Chronic subdural hematoma: surgical treatment and results in 96 operated patients  

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Full Text Available Os autores apresentam os resultados cirúrgicos de 96 casos de hematoma subdural crônico operados por meio de orifícios de trépano ou pequenas trefinas: 78 pacientes (81,3% foram considerados curados, 6 (6,2% apresentaram seqüelas e 12 (12,5% faleceram. Os óbitos de natureza neurocirúrgica foram relacionados à intensidade do comprometimento neurológico por ocasião da cirurgia. A idade avançada associada à presença de doenças sistêmicas também teve influência na mortalidade. Seqüelas neurológicas foram observadas principalmente em pacientes submetidos a reoperações por reacúmulo do hematoma e em portadores de lesões bilaterais. Os autores chamam a atenção para a ocorrência de hipotensão intracraniana associada a colapso cerebral. A importância do diagnóstico precoce e cirurgia imediata são enfatizadas.Ninety-six patients with chronic subdural hematoma were treated surgically and their clinical features presented in detail. Carotid angiography gave the correct diagnosis in all patients. CT scan was performed in 38 and was diagnostic in 92.1% of the cases. The clots were removed through burr-holes or small trephines: 78 (81.3% patients were cured, 6 (6.2% had permanent disabilities and 12 (12.5% died. Operative mortality was related to the degree of neurological impairment, advanced age and systemic diseases. Neurologic sequelae were mostly related to reoperations due to recurrence of the hematoma and bilateral clots, as well. Low intracranial pressure syndrome with brain colapse was seen in 3 cases and treated with lumbar injection of saline solution. The delay in diagnosis and operation as cause of bad outcome is stressed.

J. Francisco Salomão

1990-03-01

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Chronic subdural hematoma outcome prediction using logistic regression and an artificial neural network.  

Science.gov (United States)

Artificial neural networks (ANN) have not been used in chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) outcome prediction following surgery. We used two methods, namely logistic regression and ANN, to predict using eight variables CSDH outcome as assessed by the Glasgow outcome score (GOS) at discharge. We had 300 patients (213 men and 87 women) and potential predictors were age, sex, midline shift, intracranial air, hematoma density, hematoma thickness, brain atrophy, and Glasgow coma score (GCS). The dataset was randomly divided to three subsets: (1) training set (150 cases), (2) validation set (75 cases), and (3) test set (75 cases). The training and validation sets were combined for regression analysis. Patients aged 56.5 +/- 18.1 years and 228 (76.0%) of them had a favorable outcome. The prevalence of brain atrophy, intracranial air, midline shift, low GCS, thick hematoma, and hyperdense hematoma was 142 (47.3%), 156 (52.0%), 177 (59.0%), 82 (27.3%), 135 (45.0%), and 52 (17.3%), respectively. The regression model did not show an acceptable performance on the test set (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.594; 95% CI, 0.435-0.754; p = 0.250). It had a sensitivity of 69% and a specificity of 46%, and correctly classified 50.7% of cases. A four-layer 8-3-4-1 feedforward backpropagation ANN was then developed and trained. The ANN showed a remarkably superior performance compared to the regression model (AUC = 0.767; 95% CI, 0.652-0.882; p = 0.001). It had a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 68%, and correctly classified 218 (72.7%) cases. Considering that GOS strongly correlates with the risk of recurrence, the ANN model can also be used to predict the recurrence of CSDH. PMID:19653019

Abouzari, Mehdi; Rashidi, Armin; Zandi-Toghani, Mehdi; Behzadi, Mehrdad; Asadollahi, Marjan

2009-10-01

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Effectiveness of Kampo medicine Gorei-san for chronic subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs) are basically treated by surgery. In some cases with no or minimum symptoms, however, they may be treated conservatively. In the present study, we evaluated the therapeutic effect of a Kampo medicine (Japanese traditional herbal medicine), Gorei-san, in the treatment of those CSDHs. Gorei-san 7.5 g t.i.d. was orally administered for 4 weeks in 22 patients with 27 CSDHs. Maximum thickness of the hematoma was followed up on CT scan for 4 to 29 weeks after administration of Gorei-san. In 7 of 22 patients, tranexamic acid and/or carbazochrome sodium sulfonate were also administrated. Gorei-san was effective in 23 of 27 CSDHs. In 12 of them, the hematoma was completely disappeared within 14 weeks after administration. In the other 11 CSDHs, the thickness was decreased. In those effective cases, thickness began to decrease 3 to 4 weeks after administration of Gorei-san. It was more effective in CSDHs with iso-/high or mixed density than with low density on CT. It was not effective in 4 out of 27 CSDHs. No apparent adverse effect was noted in the present series of patients. The present study suggests that a Kampo medicine, Gorei-san, is a useful option in the conservative treatment of CSDHs with no or minimum symptoms. (author)

53

Endoscopic burr hole evacuation of an acute subdural hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Acute subdural hematoma evacuations frequently necessitate large craniotomies with extended operative times and high relative blood loss, which can lead to additional morbidity for the patient. While endoscopic minimally invasive approaches to chronic subdural collections have been successfully demonstrated, this technique has not previously been applied to acute subdural hematomas. The authors report their experience with an 87-year-old patient presenting with a large acute right-sided subdural hematoma successfully evacuated via an endoscopic minimally invasive technique. The operative approach is outlined, and the literature on endoscopic subdural collection evacuation reviewed. PMID:23962631

Codd, Patrick J; Venteicher, Andrew S; Agarwalla, Pankaj K; Kahle, Kristopher T; Jho, David H

2013-12-01

54

Clinical study of cerebral blood flow in unilateral chronic subdural hematoma measured by 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cerebral blood flow (CBF) measured by 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT before operation was studied in 60 patients with unilateral chronic subdural hematoma. The regional CBF was measured in 26 regions of the fronto-occipital 10 cortices, putamen, thalamus and cerebellar hemisphere on both sides. Sixty cases with unilateral chronic subdural hematoma were classified into four groups on the basis of clinical symptoms: 17 cases with headache (headache group), 34 cases with hemiparesis (hemiparesis group) and 9 cases with consciousness disturbance or dementia (consciousness disturbance group), and into three groups on the basis of the degree of midline brain shift on MRI: 7 cases of mild shift group, 24 cases of moderate shift group and 29 cases of severe shift group. The average CBF in 60 patients in each region indicated that the regional CBF was reduced in frontal, occipital cortices and cerebellum on the non-hematoma side, and in putamen and thalamus on the hematoma side. In the headache group, the regional CBF reduction on the non-hematoma side was found in only frontal and occipital cortices compared with the corresponding regions on the hematoma side. In the hemiparesis group, the regional CBF was reduced in frontal and occipital cortices on the non-hematoma side and in putamen and thalamus on the hematoma side. The part of CBF reduction in both hemispheres was also noted in the hemiparesis group. In the consciousness disturbance group, the CBF reduction was markedly nce group, the CBF reduction was markedly noted in whole brain. The CBF reductions in frontal and occipital cortices on the non-hematoma side and in putamen, thalamus and cerebellum on the hematoma side was not mutually related with the degree of midline brain shift. We concluded that the disturbance of CBF in chronic subdural hematoma was started from frontal and occipital cortices on the non-hematoma side observed in the headache group, and which was extended to putamen and thalamus on the hematoma side and a part of both hemispheres observed in the hemiparesis group. And such disturbance was finally observed as the CBF reductions in whole brain in the consciousness disturbance group. (author)

55

An indirect computerized tomography sign of chronic subdural hematoma demonstrated in the posterior fossa  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In cases of chronic subdural hematoma (CSH), brain computerized tomography (CT) scans frequently disclose a low density band in the posterior fossa (LDBP) between the lateral margin of the cerebellum and the adjacent petrous bone/tentorium cerebelli. Out of 121 cases of CSH, 56 (46%) showed the LDBP. The LDBP was mostly ipsilateral to the side of the CSH or bilateral. The frequency of the LDBP had no correlation with the severity of the cerebral midline shift or the thickness of the hematoma. As normal controls, CT scans of 257 cases in which no organic lesions were detected were used. Also 30 cases with dementing diseases, 2 cases with spinocerebellar degeneration and 428 cases of other neurological diseases such as head trauma other than CSH, brain tumor, cerebrovascular disease etc. were studied as disease controls. The incidence of the LDBP in both controls was significantly lower than in CSH. Therefore, the LDBP in cases of CSH was considered to be a significant associated finding of CT scans. The mechanism of the LDBP is discussed. (author)

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A case of chronic subdural hematoma associated with an unruptured cerebral aneurysm detected by cerebral computed angiotomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One case of chronic subdural hematoma associated with an unruptured cerebral aneurysm detected by cerebral computed angiotomography is reported. A 44-year-old female slipped and hit her head without loss of consciousness, one month ago. Recently she complained of headaches and visited the department of Neurosurgery, Washokai Sadamoto Hospital on May 21, 1985. There were no physical and neurological signs on examination. Plain CT scans showed a crescent-shaped high density area in the left frontal region with a slight mass sign. She was diagnosed as having a possible chronic subdural hematoma and further examination was recommended. Biplane ultrafast overlapping cerebral computed angiotomograms clearly demonstrated a so-called avascular area delineated by enhanced superficial cerebral vessels with contrast medium. Furthermore, a marked high density mass measuring 8 mm x 10 mm x 6 mm in diameters was simultaneously demonstrated around the right anterior clinoid process on the same image, suggesting a cerebral aneurysm. Right carotid angiograms showed a right internal carotid-posterior communicating junction aneurysm. The irrigation of the left chronic subdural hematoma was carried out on May 24 and the neck clipping of the right IC-PC junction aneurysm was done two weeks later. During the operation, there were no findings suggesting a previous subarachnoid hemorrhage from the aneurysm, but a bleb was found on the aneurysm. The post-operative course was uneventful. (J.P.N.)

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Hematoma subdural crônico tratamento cirúrgico e resultados em 96 pacientes operados Chronic subdural hematoma: surgical treatment and results in 96 operated patients  

OpenAIRE

Os autores apresentam os resultados cirúrgicos de 96 casos de hematoma subdural crônico operados por meio de orifícios de trépano ou pequenas trefinas: 78 pacientes (81,3%) foram considerados curados, 6 (6,2%) apresentaram seqüelas e 12 (12,5%) faleceram. Os óbitos de natureza neurocirúrgica foram relacionados à intensidade do comprometimento neurológico por ocasião da cirurgia. A idade avançada associada à presença de doenças sistêmicas também teve influência na mortalidade....

Francisco Saloma?o, J.; Leibinger, Rene? D.; José Carlos Lynch

1990-01-01

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Resolution of Chronic Subdural Hematoma after Treatment with Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Inhibitor  

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Full Text Available Background and Importance: Chronic subdural hematomas (cSDH are a common problem for which solutions remain imperfect. Surgery is effective, but not without risk. Recent data have suggested a role for inflammation in the genesis of cSDH and several reports have documented some benefit to steroid treatment. In this report, a possible role for tumor necrosis factor alpha blockade in the resolution of a multiply recurrent cSDH is described. Clinical Presentation: An 86-year-old man with rheumatoid arthritis treated with infliximab presented with a large, symptomatic, multiloculated cSDH. Infliximab was withheld and craniotomy for evacuation was uncomplicated, but recurrent symptoms were noted and a recurrence was operated upon again several weeks later. Follow up CT showed a second recurrence. The patient requested to go back on his infliximab due to painful arthralgias. After a single dose of 10 mg/kg, follow up CT showed that the cSDH resolved and did not recur. Conclusion: Anti-TNF-alpha treatment with infliximab may have played a role in the resolution of this patient’s cSDH. Further investigation of this possible effect seems warranted.

Donald Ross

2011-12-01

59

[Chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) complicated by bilateral occipital lobe infarction: two case reports].  

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Chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) is a common disease that is treated with burr hole drainage by neurosurgeons. The outcome of CSH is mostly favorable. We treated 2 cases with bilateral occipital lobe infarction due to CSH. A 57-year-old woman was ambulatory when she visited a clinic for evaluation of headache. One hour after the CT was taken, she developed acute impairment of consciousness, so that she was referred to our hospital. The second patient was a 73-year-old woman with a history of depression who was involved in a traffic accident 5 weeks before admission to our hospital. She was at first admitted to a psychiatric hospital for evaluation of gait disturbance. Three weeks after she was admitted to the psychiatric hospital, she fell into a coma. She was referred to our hospital. Their brain CT on admission revealed compressed ambient and interpeduncular cistern and bilateral CSH. Although burr hole drainage surgery was performed, the 2 patients developed severe sequelae due to occipital lobe infarction caused by central transtentorial herniation. PMID:23542794

Kudo, Kanae; Naraoka, Masato; Shimamura, Norihito; Ohkuma, Hiroki

2013-04-01

60

Perindopril and residual chronic subdural hematoma volumes six weeks after burr hole surgery : a randomized trial  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVE: Recurrence rates of between 5% and 25% have been reported following surgery for chronic subdural hematoma (CSH). A previous study showed that the treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors decreases the risk of recurrence. To test the effects of ACE inhibitors on the recurrence CSH and CSH remnant six weeks after surgery, we conducted a prospective double-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial on patients with CSHs from July 2009 until October 2012. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients eligible for burr hole surgery for CSH were randomized into either an ACE inhibitor perindopril 5mg or placebo treatment daily for three months prior to surgery. Cerebral CT scans were performed after six weeks, and clinical follow-ups were performed three months after surgery. Additionally, a retrospective analysis of the data and CT scans from all nonrandomized patients from the same time period was performed. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients were included in the randomized study. The patients' preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale scores were 15. None of the patients in the randomized group developed a recurrence after surgery. Measurements of the sizes of the CSH before and six weeks after surgery revealed no difference between the placebo and perindopril-treated groups. In the retrospective group (245 patients), there was no correlation between the risk of recurrence and ACE inhibitor treatment. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that perindopril does not diminish the size of residual CSHs six weeks after burr hole surgery and that ACE inhibitors do not decrease the risk of CSH recurrence.

Poulsen, Frantz Rom; Munthe, Sune

2014-01-01

61

Diplopia from Subacute Bilateral Subdural Hematoma after Spinal Anesthesia  

OpenAIRE

Subdural hematoma (SDH) is a rare, but life-threatening complication of spinal anesthesia. Subdural hematoma resulting from this procedure could present with vague symptoms such as chronic headache and could easily be missed. Chronic headache is one of the symptoms of chronic SDH in postpartum women. Diplopia as the presenting complaint in SDH secondary to peripartum spinal anesthesia has not, to our knowledge, been previously reported. Here, we report a case of diplopia secondary to postpart...

Getaw Worku Hassen; Hossein Kalantari

2012-01-01

62

Differential diagnosis of frontal lobe atrophy from chronic subdural hematoma or subdural hygroma on CT in aged patients. Usefulness of CT cisternogram  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Metrizamide CT cisternograms (CTC) were performed in order to examine the CSF passage to subarachnoid space, cerebral sulci and Sylvian fissure. The old aged 20 patients (from 63 to 88 years old) with the layer of low density area around bilateral frontal lobe (bi-frontal LDA) in plain CT finding were selected from 2000 aged patients hospitalized in Hanwa-Senboku Hospital. In these 20 patients, it was difficult to differentiate frontal lobe atrophy from the chronic subdural hematoma and subdural hygroma. Conservative therapy was applied in 19 patients for their old age or their complicated diseases. Only 1 patient was operated for subdural hygroma. The 20 patients were investigated in EEGs, severity of dementia, disturbance of consciousness, activity of daily life, their clinical course and prognosis. Only 2 of the 11 patients with type 1 CTC findings (cerebral sulci, Sylvian fissure and bi-frontal LDA were simultaneously enhanced by metrizamide) showed disturbance of consciousness and/or delirium for their serious somatic disorders. All of 6 patients with type 3 CTC findings (only bi-frontal LDA was not enhanced by metrizamide) showed disturbance of consciousness. Three patients with type 2 CTC findings (atypical findings) were reported independently. Subdural disorder elevating intracranial pressure were clarified in the cases with type 3 CTC findings. (author).

Hayashi, Hideaki [Osaka Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Medicine

1995-02-01

63

Differential diagnosis of frontal lobe atrophy from chronic subdural hematoma or subdural hygroma on CT in aged patients. Usefulness of CT cisternogram  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Metrizamide CT cisternograms (CTC) were performed in order to examine the CSF passage to subarachnoid space, cerebral sulci and Sylvian fissure. The old aged 20 patients (from 63 to 88 years old) with the layer of low density area around bilateral frontal lobe (bi-frontal LDA) in plain CT finding were selected from 2000 aged patients hospitalized in Hanwa-Senboku Hospital. In these 20 patients, it was difficult to differentiate frontal lobe atrophy from the chronic subdural hematoma and subdural hygroma. Conservative therapy was applied in 19 patients for their old age or their complicated diseases. Only 1 patient was operated for subdural hygroma. The 20 patients were investigated in EEGs, severity of dementia, disturbance of consciousness, activity of daily life, their clinical course and prognosis. Only 2 of the 11 patients with type 1 CTC findings (cerebral sulci, Sylvian fissure and bi-frontal LDA were simultaneously enhanced by metrizamide) showed disturbance of consciousness and/or delirium for their serious somatic disorders. All of 6 patients with type 3 CTC findings (only bi-frontal LDA was not enhanced by metrizamide) showed disturbance of consciousness. Three patients with type 2 CTC findings (atypical findings) were reported independently. Subdural disorder elevating intracranial pressure were clarified in the cases with type 3 CTC findings. (author)

64

Treatment of irrigation through burr hole with siphonage drainage for chronic subdural hematoma: a report of 139 cases  

OpenAIRE

Objective To investigate the effect of irrigation through burr hole with siphonage drainage on chronic subdural hematoma(CSDH).Methods The clinical data of 139 patients with CSDH(89 males and 50 females,aged from 48 to 87 with mean of 66.4 years) hospitalized from Jan.2006 to Dec.2010 were retrospectively reviewed.All the patients were finally diagnosed by radiology,and divided into 3 groups according to the operative method,i.e.parietal burr hole irrigation with drainage group(group A,n=47),...

Wei, She-peng; Zhao, Ji-zong; Zhou, Fan-min; Ding, Kan; Zhang, Wei-feng; Zhang, Yan-fei; Yang, Cheng; Wei, Liang; Zhang, Kui-ming; Sun, Zhi-yang

2011-01-01

65

Magnetic resonance maging of epidural and subdural spinal hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Epidural und subdural spinal hematomas were previously diagnosed by myelography and computed tomography (CT). Recent reports indicate that noninvasive detection is possible with magnetic resonance imaging. We report on nine patients who were investigated by magnetic resonance imaging (MR) prior to surgery for epidural and subdural spinal hematoma. The MR examinations were performed on 1.5-T and 1-T units. We used surface coils and employed T1-, PD-and T2-weighted spin echo sequences and a T2*-weighted gradient echo sequence. CT was available in four patients and myelography in two patients. Surgical correlation was available in all patients. The hematomas were located in the cervical spine (n=2), thoracic spine (n=6) and lumbar spine (n=2). They were epidural in five patients and subdural in four. Blinded reading correctly indentified all five epidural hematomas and three of the subdural hematomas; one subdural hematoma was misjudged as epidural. Peracute hematomas (<24 h) in three patients appeared isointense or slightly hyperintense on T1-weighted images and had mixed signal intensity on T2- and T2*-weighted images. Acute hematomas (1-3 days) in four patients were also isointense on T1-weighted images but were more hypointense on T2- and T2*-weighted images. Chronic heamatomas in two patients (7 days and 14 days) were hyperintense on all sequences. Differentiation between epi- and subdural hematomas required transverse T2*-weighted gradient echo sequences. Our resuleighted gradient echo sequences. Our results underline that MRI at 1 and 1.5 T is capable of identifying epidural and subdural spinal hematoma in the acute and peracute stage. MRI is superior to CT and myelography for the delineation of the craniocaudal extension in epidural and subdural spinal hematomas and should be the primary preoperative diagnostic method. (orig.)

66

Rapid spontaneous resolution and redistribution of acute subdural hematoma in a patient with chronic alcoholism: a case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a case of a 54-year-old man who had documented traumatic acute subdural hematoma. He suffered from a transient episode of confusion and a follow-up CT scan of brain 6 h after the initial scan showed resolution and redistribution of the subdural hematoma. In this case report, we review the literature for the underlying pathophysiology of this uncommon phenomenon

67

Rapid spontaneous resolution and redistribution of acute subdural hematoma in a patient with chronic alcoholism: a case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report a case of a 54-year-old man who had documented traumatic acute subdural hematoma. He suffered from a transient episode of confusion and a follow-up CT scan of brain 6 h after the initial scan showed resolution and redistribution of the subdural hematoma. In this case report, we review the literature for the underlying pathophysiology of this uncommon phenomenon.

Tsui, Edmund Yik Kong. E-mail: yktsui@hongkong.com; Fai Ma, Ka; Cheung, Yu Keung; Chan, Jimmy Hon Mo; Yuen, Ming Keung

2000-10-01

68

Case report: treatment of subdural hematoma in the emergency department utilizing the subdural evacuating port system.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients with acute or chronic subdural hematomas may present with rapidly deteriorating neurological function and are at risk for irreversible brainstem injury. In such cases, rapid surgical intervention is required to evacuate the hematoma and reverse critically elevated intracranial pressure. A variety of surgical drainage methods are in existence, none of which are clearly superior to the others. This report presents the case of a 74-year-old woman who suffered an acute-on-chronic subdural hematoma which was evacuated in the emergency department utilizing the subdural evacuating port system (SEPS). The SEPS provides for a minimally invasive technique to drain subdural hematomas and is advantageous in that it can be performed at the bedside. The SEPS is relatively simple to use and may be especially useful to emergency department staff in outlying areas where there is a shortage of neurosurgical coverage. PMID:24175497

Asfora, Wilson T; Klapper, Hendrik B

2013-08-01

69

Chronic subdural hematoma in elderly patient with EDTA-dependent pseudothrombocytopenia recently treated with aspirin and warfarin: case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 78-year-old man who had a history of myocardial and cerebral infarction and who was treated with aspirin and warfarin, presented with left chronic subdural hematoma. Cerebral computed tomography showed severe brain compression of hematoma with midline shift, indicating the need for emergent surgery. The hematology and clotting tests upon admission revealed severe thrombocytopenia (platelet count, 1.3 × 10(4)/?L) with normal clotting activity. Because platelet aggregation was evident in the smear, we re-examined the patient for hematology using tubes that contained heparin, showing also low platelet count (2.3 × 10(4)/?L). The day on admission, we performed irrigation and drainage of the chronic subdural hematoma through single burr-hole craniostomy. During surgery, we used 10 units of platelet concentrates (PCs) for the reason that the patient was taking aspirin and coagulopathy derived from low platelet count could not be excluded. After surgery, we re-evaluated the hematology of the blood stored in tubes that contained ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) with or without kanamycin (KM). Treatment with KM dissociated EDTA-induced platelet aggregation and revealed platelet counts with highest accuracy (no KM treatment, 1.3 × 10(4)/?L; KM treatment, 15.2 × 10(4)/?L). This phenomenon is called EDTA-Dependent Pseudothrombocytopenia (PTCP) defined as falsely low platelet counts reported by automated hematology analyzers due to platelet aggretgation. Awareness of the phenomenon will enable neurosurgeons to manage patients with PTCP appropriately and clinical laboratory especially in emergency hospital is recommended to prepare for the hematological tubes being added KM in routine analysis, resulting in preventing mistaken diagnosis. PMID:24477063

Tosa, Masato; Fujita, Hiroshi; Ishihama, Yumiko; Nishimura, Shigeko; Ide, Takafumi

2014-01-01

70

Estimation of Chronic Subdural Hematoma Size Using CT Imaging; a Comparison of In-Plane Thickness to 3D Volumetry  

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Full Text Available Backgrounds: Pre- and postoperative chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH sizes have been used in clinical trials to predict the risk of postoperative recurrence. Commonly, dimensions of the pre- and postoperative lesions have been assessed by computerized tomography (CT scans using maximum thickness as a linear measurement. Our goal was to characterize this common method for quantification of pre- and postoperative lesion sizes and to assess its estimation validity compared to estimation by hematoma volumetry. Methods: We prospectively investigated pre- and 1st postoperative day CT scans of 107 adult surgical patients with uni- or bilateral CSDH. Pre- and postoperative thickness of CSDH was determined and then compared to pre- and postoperative lesion volume measured with 3D hematoma volumetry. Results: Pearson correlation coefficients between mean pre- and postoperative lesion thickness and mean pre- and postoperative lesion volume in the unilateral subgroup were 0.491 and 0.498, respectively; in the bilateral subgroup 0.505 and 0.579, respectively; and in the whole series 0.653 and 0.472, respectively. Conclusions: Pre- and postoperative thickness of CSDH does not offer reasonable approximations of the pre- and postoperative lesion size when compared with results from 3D volumetry in the unilateral subgroup, bilateral subgroup or overall.

Milo Staniši?

2013-12-01

71

Investigating the possibility and probability of perinatal subdural hematoma progressing to chronic subdural hematoma, with and without complications, in neonates, and its potential relationship to the misdiagnosis of abusive head trauma.  

Science.gov (United States)

The high incidence of subdural hematoma (SDH) from birthing was first identified with MRI by Looney in 2007 and was then more accurately determined by Rooks in 2008. Rooks screened 101 "normal" deliveries and demonstrated that 46% of the babies in her series and by inference, approximately 46% of the 4 million born normally in the US have SDH that formed in the perinatal (birthing) period during labor. Both metabolic strain and physical forces exerted on the head damage the capillaries within the dura (the intradural capillary bed), which is the source of the blood in the SDH that results from labor and delivery or at times from labor alone. While child abuse pediatricians relying on Rooks, maintain that no permanent complications result, her study was limited to 101 subjects and the sole criteria for resolution was the resolution of the SDH as seen on follow-up MRI. In fact, Rooks did have one patient (1%) who had complications that lead to symptoms and findings often associated with abuse. The purpose of this article is to explore if there is a complication rate for perinatal (PSDH) that supports that 1% of complications that are definable by different criteria. Next, if there are complications, how many of the roughly 2,000,000 cases of perinatal acute subdural hematoma every year in the United States will suffer them? Then, what are the clinical manifestations of the complications if they occur? Lastly, do the complications cause or mimic some or all of the findings that are offered by board certified child abuse pediatricians as evidence of child abuse? The article argues that a small percentage, but significant number of neonates, suffer birth related complications and findings secondary to the development of chronic subdural hematoma CSDH) that are often misdiagnosed as abusive head trauma. PMID:23434514

Gabaeff, Steven C

2013-07-01

72

[A case of infected subdural hematoma accompanied by cerebral infarction].  

Science.gov (United States)

Infected subdural hematoma(ISH)is a rare disease caused by hematogenous infection of a preexisting subdural hematoma. We report a rare case of ISH accompanied by cerebral infarction. A 76-year-old man who had suffered a closed head injury 3 months before presented fever, headache and left hemiparesis during the medical treatment of acute cholangitis and obstructive jaundice with pancreatic cancer at the department of surgical gastroenterology. At the consultation, computed tomography(CT)scan indicated right chronic subdural hematoma. We performed a burr hole opening surgery on the same day. Abscess and hematoma was aspirated from the subdural space, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA)was detected in this specimen. Thus the diagnosis of the infected subdural hematoma was confirmed. However, despite the antibiotics therapy, follow-up CT showed a low-density area close to the residual abscess, which suggested cerebral infarction. Cerebral angiography showed a vasospasm at the cortical segment of the right middle cerebral artery near the residual abscess. Eventually we carried out a small craniotomy to evacuate the abscess. Our case showed that prompt surgical treatment is required in case of ISH and the whole hematoma and abscess should be removed as soon as possible with an image diagnosis and an additional surgical operation. PMID:23648657

Fujii, Norio; Naito, Yuichiro; Takanashi, Shigehiko; Ueno, Toshiaki; Nakagomi, Tadayoshi

2013-05-01

73

Subdural hematoma associated with dural metastatic tumor  

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Two cases of subdural hematoma associated with dural metastasis are reported. The computed tomographic and angiographic features are presented. The possible pathogenetic mechanism is discussed. Our cases support the idea of obstruction of dural capillaries by neoplastic cells and subsequent subdural bleeding.

Vonofakos, D.; Marcu, H.; Zieger, A.

1980-12-01

74

Chronic Subdural Hematoma after Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension : A Case Treated with Epidural Blood Patch on C1-2  

OpenAIRE

Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak is a recognized cause of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH). Subdural hematoma (SDH) is a serious but rare complication of SIH. An autologous epidural blood patch at the CSF-leak site can effectively relieve SIH. We report a case of bilateral SDH with SIH caused by a CSF leak originating at the C1-2 level. A 55-year-old male complained of orthostatic headache without neurological signs. His symptoms did not respond to conservative treatments ...

Kim, Byung-won; Jung, Young-jin; Kim, Min-su; Choi, Byung-yon

2011-01-01

75

Hematoma within the Outer Membrane of the Arachnoid Cyst Located in the Middle Fossa: A Mechanism of Development of Chronic Subdural Hematoma Associated with Arachnoid Cysts  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is well known that chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH occasionally arises in patients harboring an arachnoid cyst (AC located in the middle fossa. Although the pathogenesis of CSDH associated with ACs remains unknown, several possible mechanisms have been proposed. In many reported cases, the patients with ACs in the middle fossa would be symptomatic according to development of CSDH. A 9-year-old girl presenting with a headache, nausea, and diplopia was referred to our department. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an AC in the left-side middle fossa and ipsilateral CSDH with a remarkable mass effect. Irrigation of the CSDH, partial removal of the outer membrane of the AC and CSDH, and endoscopic cystocisternostomy were performed to relieve her symptoms. Postoperative clinical course was excellent. Histopathological examination of the outer membrane of the CSDH demonstrated an arachnoid cell layer and hemorrhage from the granulation inside the membrane, and collagen fibers outside the membrane. These findings strongly suggested that the membrane and the content of the CSDH were derived from the outer membrane of the AC, and the CSF including the hemorrhage within the membrane, respectively. Laceration and hemorrhage from granulation tissue within the outer membrane of the AC are considered as one of the developmental mechanisms of the CSDH associated with AC in the middle fossa.

Yasuhiko Hayashi

2014-04-01

76

Falciparum malaria presenting as subdural hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Falciparum malaria is a common disease in tropical countries associated with myriad of complications that can be life-threatening. We hereby report an 85 year old male who was suffering from falciparum malaria and presented with subdural hematoma, an unusual complication of central nervous system secondary to severe thrombocytopenia. PMID:21751613

Chaudhary, S C; Sonkar, S K; Kumar, Vivek; Gupta, Abhinav

2011-05-01

77

Diplopia from subacute bilateral subdural hematoma after spinal anesthesia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Subdural hematoma (SDH) is a rare, but life-threatening complication of spinal anesthesia. Subdural hematoma resulting from this procedure could present with vague symptoms such as chronic headache and could easily be missed. Chronic headache is one of the symptoms of chronic SDH in postpartum women. Diplopia as the presenting complaint in SDH secondary to peripartum spinal anesthesia has not, to our knowledge, been previously reported. Here, we report a case of diplopia secondary to postpartum subacute bilateral SDHs with transtentorial herniation after spinal anesthesia in a healthy primagravid 25-year-old woman. SDH can expand gradually and the initial symptoms might be subtle as in our case, despite critically high intracranial pressure. PMID:22461938

Hassen, Getaw Worku; Kalantari, Hossein

2012-02-01

78

Age determination of subdural hematomas: survey among radiologists.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abusive head trauma is a severe form of child abuse. One important diagnostic finding is the presence of a subdural hematoma. Age determination of subdural hematomas is important to relate radiological findings to the clinical history presented by the caregivers. In court this topic is relevant as dating subdural hematomas can lead to identification of a suspect. The aim of our study is to describe the current practice among radiologists in the Netherlands regarding the age determination of subdural hematomas in children. This is a cross-sectional study, describing the results of an online questionnaire regarding dating subdural hematomas among pediatric and neuro-radiologists in the Netherlands. The questionnaire consisted of sociodemographic questions, theoretical questions and eight pediatric cases in which the participants were asked to date subdural hematomas based on imaging findings. Fifty-one out of 172 radiologists (30 %) filled out the questionnaire. The percentage of participants that reported it was possible to date the subdural hematoma varied between 58 and 90 % for the eight different cases. In four of eight cases (50 %), the age of the subdural hematoma as known from clinical history fell within the range reported by the participants. None of the participants was "very certain" of their age determination. The results demonstrate that there is a considerable practice variation among Dutch radiologists regarding the age determination of subdural hematomas. This implicates that dating of subdural hematomas is not suitable to use in court, as no uniformity among experts exists. PMID:24553773

Postema, F A M; Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, Tessa; Majoie, C B L M; van Rijn, R R

2014-08-01

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Spinal subdural hematoma mimicking epidural lipomatosis.  

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We report a case of spinal subdural hematoma in the lumbar spine of a 75-year-old woman. Magnetic resonance imaging showed lesions of homogeneous high intensity in the spinal canal on both T?- and T?-weighted images, findings closely resembling those for epidural lipomatosis. Identification of 2-layered signal intensity surrounding the cauda equina on axial images is the key for accurate diagnosis. PMID:23037565

Kamo, Minobu; Watanabe, Yoshiyuki; Numaguchi, Yuji; Saida, Yukihisa

2012-01-01

80

Electroencephalographic findings in acute subdural hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim was to determine the electroencephalographic (or electroencephalogram [EEG]) findings predictive of functional outcome in a subset of patients with acute subdural hematoma (SDH) with epileptiform activity on their EEG. Twenty-four patients who underwent evacuation for acute or acute-on-chronic SDH and with epileptiform activity on EEG were identified retrospectively. Their EEGs were reviewed and the findings categorized along with clinical information, the preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan, and functional outcome. Twenty-one patients (87%) had epileptiform discharges on EEG; 13 of them (62%) had midline epileptiform discharges and 9 of them (43%) had periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (PLEDs). Both types of epileptiform discharges were significantly associated with the degree of midline shift on neuroimaging (P = 0.01, P = 0.04, respectively). Poor early outcomes were associated with the presence of bilateral (P = 0.03), midline (P = 0.04), and bilateral independent multifocal discharges (P = 0.09) on EEG. The EEG findings in this group of patients were complex. Epileptiform discharges were common, and specific types were associated with midline shift on neuroimaging and poor functional outcome at hospital discharge. Improvement in follow-up EEG examinations over time was predictive of good long-term functional outcome. PMID:22146350

Rudzinski, Leslie A; Rabinstein, Alejandro A; Chung, Seung Y; Wong-Kisiel, Lily C; Burrus, Tamika M; Lanzino, Giuseppe; Westmoreland, Barbara F

2011-12-01

81

MR imaging evaluation of subdural hematomas in child abuse  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MR imaging is the most accurate modality for determining the presence, number, and aging of subdural hematomas. Based on seven patients studied with CT and MR imaging, MR imaging should be the gold standard in child abuse evaluations. Since the history of child abuse is often ambiguous, MR imaging can assist in dating when the injury occurred. MR imaging in two perpendicular planes is needed, with one plane having both T1- and T2-weighted sequences. Chronic subdural hematomas on CT often have the same density as cerebrospinal fluid and may be misdiagnosed as atrophy or unrecognized. Therefore, the child may be returned into a dangerous situation and subjected to recurrent episodes of battering

82

Encapsulated acute subdural hematoma mimicking acute epidural hematoma on computed tomography.  

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An 87-year-old woman presented with an atypical case of acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) manifesting as disturbance of consciousness and left hemiparesis. Computed tomography revealed a high density lentiform lesion in the right convexity, which was thought to be acute epidural hematoma preoperatively. Emergent decompressive craniotomy revealed an encapsulated solid fresh clot in the subdural space and a bleeding small cortical artery under the clot. The arachnoid membrane and the brain parenchyma were intact, and no other abnormal feature such as aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation was observed. The encapsulated ASDH was removed en bloc and the patient fully recovered. Histological examination confirmed that both the outer thicker and the inner membrane were fibrinous single structures without vasculature. The red blood cells constituting the clot in the capsule maintained their cell structure. The reported pathological mechanisms of lentiform ASDH are adhesion of the arachnoid membrane and the dura mater or intracapsular bleeding from sinusoidal vessels in the outer membrane of the chronic subdural hematoma. However, in our case, the arachnoid membrane had not adhered to the dura mater and the capsule was a fibrinous single structural membrane without vasculature, which probably resulted from a previous hematoma due to initial bleeding from the cortical artery. The possible mechanism in our case was that the re-bleeding dissected and flowed into the fibrinous single structural membrane, resulting in formation of the lentiform ASDH. PMID:23183078

Miki, Shunichiro; Fujita, Keishi; Katayama, Wataru; Sato, Masayuki; Kamezaki, Takao; Matsumura, Akira; Sakashita, Shingo

2012-01-01

83

Effect of platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist, etizolam, on resolution of chronic subdural hematoma. A prospective study to investigate use as conservative therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Inflammatory reaction is very important for formation of the neomembrane of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). The present study evaluated medical treatment with the platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist, etizolam, for the resolution of CSDH, and the factors indicating surgery or conservative therapy. Alternate patients were assigned to the etizolam group or control group without medical treatment. Patients in the etizolam group received 3.0 mg etizolam per day for 14 days. A total of 53 patients were followed up for at least 6 months. Univariate analysis of differences in demographic characteristics, clinical findings, and initial computed tomography (CT) findings, and multiple logistic regression analysis of the relationship between etizolam treatment and requirement for surgery using age, sex, low density of hematoma on CT, and paresis as confounders were performed. Etizolam treatment (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.156, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.024-0.999, p=0.049) was negatively correlated with requirement for surgery. Low density of hematoma (adjusted OR 0.125, 95% CI 0.019-0.846, p=0.033) was found to be an independent negative predictor, and paresis as an initial symptom (adjusted OR 6.35, 95% CI 1.04-38.7, p=0.045) was an independent positive predictor of requirement for surgery. Etizolam administration can promote the resolution of CSDH, especially at the stage of hygroma appearing as low density on CT. Surgery is recommended if the patient presentsery is recommended if the patient presents with paresis. (author)

84

MRI findings in spinal subdural and epidural hematomas  

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Background: Spinal hematomas are rare entities that can be the cause of an acute spinal cord compression syndrome. Therefore, an early diagnosis is of great importance. Patients and Methods: From 2001 to 2005 seven patients with intense back pain and/or acute progressive neurological deficit were studied via 1.5 T MRI (in axial and sagittal T1- and T2-weighted sequences). Follow-up MRI was obtained in six patients. Results: Four patients showed the MRI features of a hyperacute spinal hematoma (two spinal subdural hematoma [SSH] and two spinal epidural hematoma [SEH]), isointense to the spinal cord on T1- and hyperintense on T2-weighted sequences. One patient had an early subacute SEH manifest as heterogeneous signal intensity with areas of high signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images. Another patient had a late subacute SSH with high signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted sequences. The final patient had a SEH in the late chronic phase being hypointense on T1- and T2-weighted sequences. Discussion: MRI is valuable in diagnosing the presence, location and extent of spinal hematomas. Hyperacute spinal hematoma and the differentiation between SSH and SEH are particular diagnostic challenges. In addition, MRI is an important tool in the follow-up in patients with conservative treatment.

Braun, Petra [Department of Radiology, Hospital La Plana, Ctra. De Vila-real a Borriana km. 0.5, 12540 Vila-real (Castello) (Spain)], E-mail: PetraBraun@gmx.de; Kazmi, Khuram [Department of Radiology, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033 (United States); Nogues-Melendez, Pablo; Mas-Estelles, Fernando; Aparici-Robles, Fernando [Department of Radiology, La Fe Hospital, Avenida Campanar, 21, 46009 Valencia (Spain)

2007-10-15

85

MRI findings in spinal subdural and epidural hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Spinal hematomas are rare entities that can be the cause of an acute spinal cord compression syndrome. Therefore, an early diagnosis is of great importance. Patients and Methods: From 2001 to 2005 seven patients with intense back pain and/or acute progressive neurological deficit were studied via 1.5 T MRI (in axial and sagittal T1- and T2-weighted sequences). Follow-up MRI was obtained in six patients. Results: Four patients showed the MRI features of a hyperacute spinal hematoma (two spinal subdural hematoma [SSH] and two spinal epidural hematoma [SEH]), isointense to the spinal cord on T1- and hyperintense on T2-weighted sequences. One patient had an early subacute SEH manifest as heterogeneous signal intensity with areas of high signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images. Another patient had a late subacute SSH with high signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted sequences. The final patient had a SEH in the late chronic phase being hypointense on T1- and T2-weighted sequences. Discussion: MRI is valuable in diagnosing the presence, location and extent of spinal hematomas. Hyperacute spinal hematoma and the differentiation between SSH and SEH are particular diagnostic challenges. In addition, MRI is an important tool in the follow-up in patients with conservative treatment

86

Acute Spontaneous Posterior Fossa Subdural Hematoma  

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Full Text Available Acute posterior fossa subdural hematomas are rare and most of them are trauma-related. Non-traumatic ones have been reported in patients who had idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura or those who had been receiving anticoagulant therapy. We report on the case of 57-year-old Iranian man who developed sudden severe occipital headache, drowsiness, repeated vomiting, and instability of stance and gait. He was neither hypertensive nor diabetic. No history of head trauma was obtained and he denied illicit drug or alcohol ingestion. A preliminary diagnosis of acute intra-cerebellar hemorrhage was made. His CT brain scan revealed an acute right-sided, extra-axial, crescent-shaped hyperdense area at the posterior fossa. His routine blood tests, platelets count, bleeding time, and coagulation profile were unremarkable. The patient had spontaneous acute infratentorial subdural hematoma. He was treated conservatively and discharged home well after 5 days. Since then, we could not follow-up him, clinically and radiologically because he went back to Iran. Our patient?s presentation, clinical course, and imaging study have called for conservative management, as the overall presentation was relatively benign. Unless the diagnosis is entertained and the CT brain scan is well-interpreted, the diagnosis may easily escape detection.

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

2014-02-01

87

Hematoma subdural em Pediatria Diagnosticar e tratar precocemente / Subdural hematoma in pediatrics - Early diagnosis and treatment  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Introdução: O hematoma subdural agudo não traumático é uma entidade rara em Pediatria. A presença de sintomas neuro­lógicos de instalação aguda associada a anticoagulação obriga à exclusão desta entidade. Caso clínico: Apresentamos o caso de uma criança, do sexo masculino, de sete anos de idade, com [...] prótese mitral mecâ­nica, medicada com varfarina, que recorreu ao serviço de urgência por cefaleias intensas e progressivas, associadas a alteração no estado de consciência e convulsões. A nível laboratorial o INR (In­ternational Normalized Ratio) era de 4,2. Foi admitida na Unidade de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos (UCIP) em coma com aniso­coria. Iniciou ventilação mecânica, medidas anti-edema cerebral e antiepilépticos.O exame de imagem mostrou hematoma subdural agudo à esquerda, com desvio da linha média. Foi submetida a craniotomia descompressiva, 56 horas após o início da sintomato­logia, com recuperação clínica e actualmente sem sequelas. Conclusão: Este caso clínico ilustra a importância da sus­peição clínica de hematoma subdural em doentes anticoagula­dos, bem como a necessidade de optimização das condições cirúrgicas e da utilização das técnicas não invasivas na monitori­zação do nível de consciência. Abstract in english Introduction: Non-traumatic acute subdural hematoma is a rare entity in children. In the presence of acute neurological symptoms associated with long termanticoagulation, it is manda­tory to rule out this entity. Case report: We report the case of a seven-year-old boy, with mechanical mitral valve p [...] rosthesis under warfarin treat­ment, presenting severe and progressive headache associated with altered level of consciousness and seizures. Laboratory studies revealed a high value of International Normalized Ratio(INR: 4,2). He was admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit in a coma with anisocoria. He was mechanically ventilated and started on specific measures to reduce cerebral edemain ad­dition to anticonvulsants. Cranial computerized tomography (CT scan) revealed acute left subdural hematoma, with midline shift. Fifty-six hours after the onset of symptoms, he was submitted to decompressive craniectomy. There was progressive clinical re­covery with neurological and imaging improvement and an excel­lent outcome. Discussion: This case illustrates the importance of the clinical suspicion of a subdural hematoma in patients treated with anticoagulants, as well as the need of optimizing surgical condi­tions and the use of non invasive techniques for monitoring the level of consciousness.

Marisa, Carvalho; Ema, Leal; Margarida, Santos; José, Ramos; Luís, Távora; Deolinda, Barata.

2011-06-01

88

The computed tomographic attenuation and the age of subdural hematomas.  

OpenAIRE

The sequential change in density (attenuation coefficient) of subdural hematomas (SDHs) in computed tomography (CT) is important in understanding the pathogenesis and evolution of SDHs. We retrospectively investigated the age of SDHs by CT in 446 cases. We included 30 cases of chronic SDHs, in whom the density was directly measured in the CT. The density of acute (within 7 days) SDH was hyperdense in 98.6%, isodense in 1.1%, and hypodense in 0.3% of the cases. In subacute (8-22 days) SDHs, it...

Lee, K. S.; Bae, W. K.; Bae, H. G.; Doh, J. W.; Yun, I. G.

1997-01-01

89

Successful treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia accompanied by serious subdural hematoma.  

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We present a 56-year-old woman with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) complicated with serious chronic subdural hematoma at presentation. She was treated with urgent hematoma evacuation and subsequent prompt chemotherapy, with administration of platelets and fresh frozen plasma. After six weeks, she achieved hematological complete remission. Thereafter she received three courses of conventional consolidation chemotherapy and achieved molecular remission. Even under conditions of severe coagulatory disturbance, aggressive therapeutic intervention including surgical procedures can save the life of a patient suffering from simultaneous APL and fatal subdural hematoma at presentation. PMID:22892505

Ichikawa, Satoshi; Suzuki, Takuma; Kimura, Jun; Harigae, Hideo

2012-01-01

90

Coagulação intravascular disseminada e hematoma subdural: relato de caso Disseminated intravascular coagulation and subdural hematoma: a case report  

OpenAIRE

Os autores apresentam caso de hematoma subdural agudo, evacuado na presença de coagulopatia, e fazem considerações necessárias para a compreensão da etiopatogenia da enfermidade.The authors present a case of acute subdural haematoma evacuated in the presence of a coagulopathy. Some elements necessary for the understanding of the etiopathogenesis of the disease are discussed.

Cavalcanti, C. E.; Jansen, E.

1985-01-01

91

Coagulação intravascular disseminada e hematoma subdural: relato de caso Disseminated intravascular coagulation and subdural hematoma: a case report  

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Full Text Available Os autores apresentam caso de hematoma subdural agudo, evacuado na presença de coagulopatia, e fazem considerações necessárias para a compreensão da etiopatogenia da enfermidade.The authors present a case of acute subdural haematoma evacuated in the presence of a coagulopathy. Some elements necessary for the understanding of the etiopathogenesis of the disease are discussed.

C. E. Cavalcanti

1985-09-01

92

Retrospective analysis of operative treatment of a series of 100 patients with subdural hematoma.  

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This retrospective study of medical records, surgical protocols, patient observation cards, and imaging files of 100 patients treated for subdural hematoma analyzed the type of hematoma, patient age and sex, operative technique, neurological status, cause of injury, duration of hospital stay, mortality rate, and the number of and reasons for reoperations to determine the effects on treatment outcomes. The time between the head injury and onset of neurological symptoms was analyzed versus the type of hematoma determined from computed tomography (CT) scans. Acute hematomas accounted for 38% of the cases, with subacute hematomas representing 20%, and chronic ones accounting for 42%. In trauma patients, the mean time interval between the injury and onset of neurological symptoms was 0.38 days for acute hematomas, 13.8 days for subacute hematomas, and 23.75 days for chronic hematomas. Repeat surgery was carried out in 26% of the cases. Improvement was obtained in 44% of cases, deterioration in 20%, and no change in neurological status in 36%. Timing of the operations was between 15:00 and 23:00 in 45%, between 23:00 and 7:00 in 33%, and between 7:00 and 15:00 in 22%. The classification of hematomas based on CT presentation corresponds to the classification based on the time elapsed between injury and onset of symptoms, and appears to be appropriate and useful in everyday practice. No preceding injury was identified in 31.6% of acute hematomas, 50% of subacute hematomas, and 61.9% of chronic hematomas. Analysis of reoperations indicates that trepanation may be superior to craniotomy as primary surgery for subacute and chronic hematomas. Subdural hematoma surgeries take place at all times of the day, with most carried out outside the usual working hours. PMID:23358166

Godlewski, Bartosz; Pawelczyk, Agnieszka; Pawelczyk, Tomasz; Ceranowicz, Katarzyna; Wojdyn, Maciej; Radek, Maciej

2013-01-01

93

Spontaneous subdural hematoma in a young adult with hemophilia  

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Full Text Available We report a case of spontaneous acute subdural hematoma in a 30-year-old man, who was diagnosed with hemophilia during his hospital stay. He developed an extradural hematoma following evacuation of the acute SDH, which was also evacuated. He had a good outcome. Management of such a patient is discussed.

Agrawal D

2003-01-01

94

Correlation of hyperdense and hypodense areas in the computerized tomogram of subdural hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CT findings of 51 patients with acute, subacute and chronic subdural hematomas were studied. The results showed that direct signs (hyperdensity, isodensity, and hypodensity) and indirect signs (midline-shift, expansive lesion, compression of ventricles, and occlusion of the subarachnoid space) can be distinguished. The following diagnostic procedure is proposed in cases of subdural hematoma: 1. In cases with both, direct and indirect CT signs, no further diagnostic exploration is necessary. 2. In cases without direct signs, application of contrast medium may lead to diagnosis. 3. Cases without direct or indirect signs showing clinical symptoms require further investigation by angiography, or CT control. (orig.)

95

Dural metastases with subdural hematoma from prostate cancer / Hematoma subdural secundario a metástasis durales de cáncer de próstata  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Decribimos el caso de un paciente de 54 años de edad con cáncer de próstata avanzado con hematoma subdural no traumático secundario a metástasis durales. Había recibido previamente tratamiento hormonal y quimioterapia basada en docetaxel. En la resonancia magnética se mostraba el hematoma subdural e [...] n el contexto de metástasis leptomeníngeas y durales. Hay que destacar esta forma tan inusual de metástasis de un cáncer de próstata y el mal pronóstico que conlleva esta complicación. Abstract in english We reported a case of subdural effusion secondary to dural metastasis of prostatic cancer. A 54-year-old man was referred for headache, vomiting and gait disturbance. He had undergone hormonal therapy and docetaxel-based chemotherapy for prostatic cancer. The magnetic resonance imaging of the brain [...] showed extensive leptomeningeal carcinomatosis and cranial dural metastases, and subdural hematoma. This is a very rare situation and bad prognosis.

M., Cobo Dols; S., Gil Calle; E., Villar Chamorro; I., Ales Díaz; A., Montesa Pino; J., Alcaide García; V., Gutiérrez Calderón; F., Carabante Ocón; J. J., Bretón García; M., Benavides Orgaz.

2005-08-01

96

Brain herniation induced by drainage of subdural hematoma in spontaneous intracranial hypotension.  

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Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH), typically presents with orthostatic headache, low pressure on lumbar tapping, and diffuse pachymeningeal enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging. SIH is often accompanied by subdural fluid collections, which in most cases responds to conservative treatment or spinal epidural blood patch. Several authors advocate that large subdural hematoma with acute deterioration merits surgical drainage; however, few have reported complications following craniotomy. We describe a complicated case of SIH, which was initially diagnosed as acute subarachnoid hemorrhage with bilateral chronic subdural hematoma (SDH), due to unusual presentation. Burr hole drainage of subdural hematoma was performed due to progressive decrease of consciousness, which then resulted in a huge postoperative epidural hematoma collection. Prompt hematoma evacuation did not restore the patient's consciousness but aggravated downward brain herniation. Trendelenburg position and spinal epidural blood patch achieved a rapid improvement in patient's consciousness. This case indicates that the surgical drainage for chronic SDH in SIH can lead to serious complications and it should be cautiously considered. PMID:24049555

Chotai, Silky; Kim, Jong-Hyun; Kim, Joo-Han; Kwon, Taek-Hyun

2013-04-01

97

[An infant with acute subdural hematoma after a minor head injury associated with arachnoid cyst].  

Science.gov (United States)

A ten-month-old male infant fell onto the floor from a chair of 50 cm in height and hit his head on the day before hospitalization. He was admitted due to acute subdural hematoma, which was associated with arachnoid cyst. Head CT conducted on the 4th day confirmed that the hematoma had not enlarged. After discharge, enlargement of the hematoma was detected on MR imaging conducted on the 65th day after injury, followed by the diminution without surgical treatment. MR images were obtained on the 192nd day. In the case of head injury associated with arachnoid cyst, the risk of subdural hematoma as well as its ensuing enlargement in subacute or chronic phase needs to be considered. PMID:24620428

Kuniyoshi, Yasutaka; Kamura, Azusa; Yasuda, Sumie

2014-01-01

98

Analysis of infantile subdural hematoma caused by abuse  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report infantile subdural hematoma caused by abuse. Between January 2006 and December 2009, 10 cases of definite and highly suspicious abusive subdural hematoma in infants were treated at Nara Medical University Hospital. The mean age was 5.4 months. On CT examination, severe cerebral swelling was seen in 8 (80%) and wide spreading cerebral ischemia and atrophy in 9 (90%). Retinal hemorrhage was commonly seen in this series (90%). Subdural drainage and/or subdural-peritoneal shunt surgeries were performed in 6 cases, and intensive combined therapy of mild hypothermia and barbiturate was adapted in 7 cases. Favorable outcome was achieved in only 3 cases. In spite of aggressive treatment, clinical outcome are still bad. In our series, assailants were predominantly not father but mother. There were various and complex factors for child abuse. Cautious insight and suspicion are necessary to detect abusive injuries in infants. It is very important to endeavor to prevent recurrences of abusive injuries. (author)

99

Rapid spontaneous resolution of an acute subdural hematoma: Case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a case of acute subdural hematoma which was rapidly resolved without surgical intervention. This 31 year old man had a hematoma of which thickness was 9 mm and was paraplegic due to fracture-dislocation of thoracic spine at the level of TII-12 Rapid recovery of consciousness despite of sizable hematoma made to take a serial CT scanning instead of immediate surgical interventions. The hematoma was resolved within 4 hours without surgery. Possible mechanism of this rapid spontaneous resolution is discussed with brief review of the related literature

100

Enlarged cerebrospinal fluid spaces in infants with subdural hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Computed tomography in 16 infants with subdural hematomas showed enlarged basal cisterns, a wide interhemispheric fissure, prominent cortical sulci, and varying degrees of ventricular enlargement. Radionuclide cisternography in eight of the 16 patients showed findings consistent with enlargement of the subarachnoid space rather than those of communicating hydrocephalus. Clinical findings and brief follow-up showed no convincing evidence for cerebral atrophy in 13 patients. These findings suggest that the enlarged subarachnoid space, which is encountered in some infants and may be a developmental variant, predisposes such infants to subdural hematomas

101

Coagulação intravascular disseminada e hematoma subdural: relato de caso / Disseminated intravascular coagulation and subdural hematoma: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os autores apresentam caso de hematoma subdural agudo, evacuado na presença de coagulopatia, e fazem considerações necessárias para a compreensão da etiopatogenia da enfermidade. [...] Abstract in english The authors present a case of acute subdural haematoma evacuated in the presence of a coagulopathy. Some elements necessary for the understanding of the etiopathogenesis of the disease are discussed. [...

C. E., Cavalcanti; E., Jansen.

1985-09-01

102

Subdural Hematoma in Grave’s Disease Induced Thrombocytopenia.  

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Full Text Available Subdural hematoma (SDH usually occurs secondary to trauma, in bleeding disorders it may occur spontaneously. It is a rare complication of immune thrombocytopenia. Here we report a case of 45 years female presenting with presenting with complaints of headache, palpitation and menorrhagia and later diagnosed to be a case of Grave's disease with thrombocytopenia with sub dural hematoma. No such case reports are available in literature.

Sunil Kumar

2013-01-01

103

Hematoma subdural crónico: Resultados quirúrgicos en 2 años de trabajo  

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Full Text Available Disminuir al máximo la mortalidad por hematoma subdural crónico (HSDC, es un reto que se debe alcanzar en todo centro neuroquirúrgico, en el que pueden influir el diagnóstico precoz y la adecuada selección del proceder quirúrgico. Se presentan 20 pacientes, 16 masculinos (80 % y 4 femeninos (20 %, con una edad promedio para el grupo de 66,55 años, tratados quirúrgicamente por medio de la trepanación múltiple con lavado de la cavidad y drenaje cerrado al exterior. La angiografía carotídea constituyó el examen más utilizado para el diagnóstico 14 (70 %, seguida por la tomografía axial computadorizada (TAC 8 (40 %. La escala de Bender se empleó para clasificar a los enfermos según el estado neurológico al ingreso, y se halló que el 80 % estaba en los grados I y II. Los resultados se evaluaron según la escala de resultados de Glasgow, y presentaron 17 (85 %, una buena recuperaciónTo reduce as much as possible mortality from chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH is a goal that should be attained by every neurosurgical center. An early diagnosis and an adequate selection of the surgical procedure may influence on it. 20 patients, 16 males (80 % and 4 females (20 % with an average age by group of 66.55 years of age were surgically treated by multiple trephining with lavage of the cavity and closed drainage. The carotid angiography was the most used test for the diagnosis with 14 (70 %, followed by computerized axial tomography (CAT with 8 (40 %. Bender´s scale was utilized to classify the patients according to the neurological state at the time of admission . 80 % of them corresponded to degrees I and II. The results were evaluated by using the Glasgow´s scale. 17 (85 % had a good recovery

Ángel Jesús Lacerda Gallardo

1999-04-01

104

Relations among traumatic subdural lesions.  

OpenAIRE

Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) and subdural hygroma (SDG) occur in the subdural space, usually after trauma. We tried to find a certain relationship among these three traumatic subdural lesions in 436 consecutive patients. We included all subdural lesions regardless of whether they were main or not. We evaluated the distribution, age incidence and interval from injury to diagnosis of these lesions, and the frequency of new subdural lesions in each lesion. ASD...

Lee, K. S.; Doh, J. W.; Bae, H. G.; Yun, I. G.

1996-01-01

105

Subdural hematoma associated with dural metastasis of gastric carcinoma: report of two cases.  

Science.gov (United States)

We treated two cases of a subdural hematoma associated with dural metastasis of gastric cancer, from which both patients died. Case 1: A 60-year-old female patient was hospitalized with a diagnosis of type 4 gastric cancer of the antrum. The patient suddenly collapsed, and, subsequently, left hemiplegia and a depressed level of consciousness were noted. A head computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a subdural hematoma with midline shift. The patient was diagnosed with chronic subdural hematoma and underwent emergency burr hole irrigation. Case 2: A 73-year-old man was diagnosed with type 4 gastric cancer and a total gastrectomy plus splenectomy were performed together with dissection of the N1 and N2 lymph node groups (D2 dissection) in March 2006 (T3, N2, P0, H0, INFgamma, ly3, v0, por2). Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy was performed using oral TS-1; following tests revealed no recurrence in the abdomen. In December 2006, gingival bleeding was noted with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and 10 days later, the patient was hospitalized with chief complaints of impaired consciousness and anorexia. CT scan revealed a right subdural hematoma with a midline shift. The patient was diagnosed with chronic subdural hematoma and underwent emergency burr hole irrigation and drainage. The dural biopsy of the two cases revealed adenocarcinoma noted in the dural blood vessel. Special staining revealed CEA-positive adenocarcinoma, and a diagnosis of the dural metastasis of gastric cancer was made. These patients' level of consciousness significantly improved postoperatively. However, DIC developed concurrently, and the patients died on the 13th and 14th postoperative day, respectively. PMID:18214041

Katsube, Takao; Kikuchi, Tomoko; Konnno, Soichi; Murayama, Minoru; Kobayashi, Rie; Kuhara, Kotaro; Yoshimatsu, Kazuhiko; Shiozawa, Shunnichi; Shimakawa, Takeshi; Naritaka, Yoshihiko; Ogawa, Kenji; Hagiwara, Shinnji; Aiba, Motohiko

2007-01-01

106

Two cases of subdural hematoma with niveau formation on CT. A study of the cause of niveau formation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The authors report a case of a bilateral chronic subdural hematoma with niveau formation and another rare case of an acute subdural hematoma with niveau formation on plain CT. The different mechanisms of the niveau formation in these cases are speculated about. The first case was a 75-year-old male who showed a drowsy state, urinary incontinence, and muscle weakness of the bilateral lower limbs. No definite history of head trauma could be found. A plain CT scan showed a bilateral-crescent type fluid collection with niveau formation, consisting of a low-density area in the upper part and a high-density area in the lower part. An operation showed bilateral, moderately encapsulated subdural hematomas; they were evacuated. The second case was a 61-year-old male with head trauma due to a fall from a ladder. On admission, neurological examination revealed a decerebrate posture, a deep coma, and anisocoria. A plain CT scan twenty hours after the onset showed a crescent-type fluid collection with niveau formation in the left fronto-parietal region. The operation showed an acute subdural hematoma containing xanthochromic fluid and coagulated blood. No capsule of hematoma could be seen. The incidence of niveau formation in chronic subdural hematomas is not low (5 - 20%); such niveau formation is thought to be caused by rebleeding into the hematoma and the spending of considerable time in the supine position. On the other hand, no case of an acute subdural hematoma with niveau formation has previously been reported. With regard to this mechanism of niveau formation, we speculate that the hematoma is mixed with cerebrospinal fluid from the arachnoidal tear caused by the head trauma; also, a considerable time in the supine position is necessary.

Shimizu, Satoshi; Fukuda, Atsuhiro; Sato, Masaharu; Kohama, Akitsugu (Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Okayama (Japan))

1984-04-01

107

Subdural Hematoma and Postdural Puncture Headache from Intrathecal Pump Placement Resolved with Lumbar Epidural Blood Patch  

OpenAIRE

Intrathecal drug delivery systems are commonly used in the management of chronic pain, cancer pain and neuromuscular disorders with muscle spasticity. The complications associated with in-trathecal pump placement include persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, hygroma, meningitis, and granuloma formation. A severe persistent CSF leak may cause postdural puncture headache along with acute intracranial subdural hematoma, which can be potentially life threatening. Surgical exploration with du...

Andrew Ng; Victor Romo; Dajie Wang

2014-01-01

108

Magnetic resonance maging of epidural and subdural spinal hematomas; Magnetresonanztomographie bei epiduralen und subduralen spinalen Haematomen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Epidural und subdural spinal hematomas were previously diagnosed by myelography and computed tomography (CT). Recent reports indicate that noninvasive detection is possible with magnetic resonance imaging. We report on nine patients who were investigated by magnetic resonance imaging (MR) prior to surgery for epidural and subdural spinal hematoma. The MR examinations were performed on 1.5-T and 1-T units. We used surface coils and employed T1-, PD- and T2-weighted spin echo sequences and a T2*-weighted gradient echo sequence. CT was available in four patients and myelography in two patients. Surgical correlation was available in all patients. The hematomas were located in the cervical spine (n=2), thoracic spine (n=6) and lumbar spine (n=2). They were epidural in five patients and subdural in four. Blinded reading correctly indentified all five epidural hematomas and three of the subdural hematomas; one subdural hematoma was misjudged as epidural. Peracute hematomas (<24 h) in three patients appeared isointense or slightly hyperintense on T1-weighted images and had mixed signal intensity on T2- and T2*-weighted images. Acute hematomas (1-3 days) in four patients were also isointense on T1-weighted images but were more hypointense on T2- and T2*-weighted images. Chronic heamatomas in two patients (7 days and 14 days) were hyperintense on all sequences. Differentiation between epi- and subdural hematomas required transverse T2*-weighted gradient echo sequences. Our results underline that MRI at 1 and 1.5 T is capable of identifying epidural and subdural spinal hematoma in the acute and peracute stage. MRI is superior to CT and myelography for the delineation of the craniocaudal extension in epidural and subdural spinal hematomas and should be the primary preoperative diagnostic method. (orig.) [Deutsch] Epidurale und subdurale spinale Haematome sind neurochirurgische Notfaelle, deren Diagnose bisher vorwiegend mittels Myelographie und Computertomographie gestellt wurde. Wir berichten ueber 9 Patienten, die primaer magnetresonanztomographisch diagnostiziert wurden. Bei allen Patienten wurden T1, Spindichte und T2-gewichtete Bilder erzeugt. Zusaetzlich wurden T2*-gewichtete Gradientenechosequenzen angewendet. Die Magnetresonanztomographien wurden mit dem intraoperativen Situs korreliert. Computertomographische Befunde waren bei 4 und myelographische Befunde waren bei 2 Patienten vorhanden. Die Haematome komprimierten in 2 Faellen das Zervikalmark, bei 6 Patienten das Thorakalmark und bei 2 Patienten Konus und Cauda. Die Magnetresonanztomographie ergab 6 epidurale und 3 subdurale Haematome, operativ handelte es sich um 5 epidural und 4 subdurale Blutungen. In einem Fall konnte die Kernspintomographie nicht zwischen epi- und subduraler Lokalisation unterscheiden. Perakute Haematome (<24 h) waren isointens auf T1-gewichteten Bildern und hatten gemischte Signalintensitaet auf T2- und T*-gewichteten Bildern (n=3). Akute Blutungen (24 h bis 3 Tage) waren ebenfalls isointens auf T1 aber hypointens auf T- und T2*-gewichteten Bildern (n=4). Erst nach 7 Tagen fand sich die methaemoglobintypische Hyperintensitaet auf T1- und T2-gewichteten Bildern (n=2). Diese Ergebnisse unterstreichen, dass die Magnetresonanztomographie perakute und akute spinale Blutungen adaequat diagnostizieren kann. Die exakte Beurteilung der kraniokaudalen Ausdehnung verbessert die Operationsplanung. (orig.)

Felber, S. [Universitaetskliniken Innsbruck (Austria). Klinik fuer Neurologie]|[Universitaetskliniken Innsbruck (Austria). Inst. fuer Magnetresonanz]|[Universitaetskliniken des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar (Germany). Inst. fuer Neuroradiologie; Langmaier, J. [Universitaetskliniken Innsbruck (Austria). Klinik fuer Neurochirurgie; Judmaier, W. [Universitaetskliniken Innsbruck (Austria). Inst. fuer Magnetresonanz]|[Universitaetskliniken Innsbruck (Austria). Klinik fuer Radiologie; Dessl, A. [Universitaetskliniken Innsbruck (Austria). Klinik fuer Radiologie; Ortler, M. [Universitaetskliniken Innsbruck (Austria). Klinik fuer Neurochirurgie; Birbamer, G. [Universitaetskliniken Innsbruck (Austria). Klinik fuer Neurologie]|[Universitaetskliniken Innsbruck (Austria). Inst. fuer Magnetresonanz; Piepgras, U. [Universitaetskliniken des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar (Germany). Inst. fuer Neuroradiologie

1994-11-01

109

Spontaneous disappearance of acute subdural hematoma on CT scan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We encountered a patient with a severe head injury complicated by DIC in whom the serial CT scans revealed the disappearance of the subdural hematoma. A 65-year-old man received a heavy blow to the head in a traffic accident. On admission, the patient was in a coma (Glasgow's coma scale: 5 points), showing anisocoria (right > left) and left hemiplegia. He later deteriorated in ataxic respiration and died 23 hours after the trauma. In a blood-coagulation examination done 2 hours after the trauma, the bleeding time was 9 minutes, the coagulation time was more than 60 minutes, the serum fibrinogen was less than 15 mg/dl, and the serum FDP was above 160 ug/ml; a diagnosis of DIC was thus made. CT scans 1 hour after the trauma showed acute subdural hematoma in the right cerebral hemisphere, a medial displacement of the lateral ventricles, and a traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. In CT scans taken 21 hours after the trauma, however, the subdural hematoma had disappeared, while a diffuse swelling of the cerebrum, mottled high-density areas along the cerebral sulci, and high-density areas in the posterior horns of the bilateral ventricles as well as in the cerebello-pontine angle were observed for the first time. These changes in the CT findings are considered to be due to the decrease in the viscosity of the subdural hematoma caused by the markedly enhanced activity of the fibrolytic system with DIC and by subsequent diffusion into intracranial spaces under the increased intracranial pressure associated with the development of cerebral edema. (author)

110

Unoperated subdural hematomas. Long-term follow-up study by brain scan and electroencephalography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors report nine patients selected from over 100 patients with subdural hematomas successfully treated without surgery. These patients were followed for as long as 5 years. All had angiographically demonstrated subdural hematomas. Electroencephalograms (EEG) documented well the clinical improvement of the patient, but were poor guides to the true size of the hematoma, since EEG returns to normal early in the patient's course. Static scans are a better guide to the presence of a subdural hematoma, but they lag behind clinical improvement and usually remain abnormal for considerable periods of time after a major portion of the hematoma has been reabsorbed, and the patient is asymptomatic

111

CT findings of subdural hematomas: as a special references of atypical CT findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Subdural hematomas (SDH) are relatively common and the typical CT findings according to the age of them are well established. The CT findings of 82 patients with SDHs were reviewed and compared with the operative findings. The results were as follow: 1. The most common cause of SDHs was the direct trauma which was noted in 60 cases (73.2%). 2. The atypical CT findings of the mixed density were seen in 19 cases (23.2%), including acute SDH 7 cases (20%), subacute SDH 5 cases (41.7%), and chronic SDH 7 cases (20%). 3. The possible causes of the mixed density in acute SDH were unclotted blood in early stage of hematoma development or serum extruded during the early phase of clot retraction. But the possibility of cerebrospinal fluid within subdural space due to an arachnoid tear could not be excluded. 4. The possible causes of the mixed density in subacute and chronic SDH were serum extruded during the hematoma resolution and rebleeding. 5. Wall enhancement of hematomas was noted in 3 cases (25%) of subacute SDHs and 15 cases (42.9%) of chronic SDHs. 6. Most of SDHs was crescentic in shape, but lenticular in 4 cases (4.9%). Midline shift and compression of ventricles were proportional to the maximum thickness of SDHs. There were seen ipsilateral dilatation of ventricles in 9 cases (11.0%) and brain edema in 11 cases (13.4%)

Cho, Whi Yul; Chung, Tae Sub; Suh, Jung Ho; Kim, Dong Ik; Kim, Ki Whang; Park, Chang Yun [College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1987-10-15

112

CT findings of subdural hematomas: as a special references of atypical CT findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Subdural hematomas (SDH) are relatively common and the typical CT findings according to the age of them are well established. The CT findings of 82 patients with SDHs were reviewed and compared with the operative findings. The results were as follow: 1. The most common cause of SDHs was the direct trauma which was noted in 60 cases (73.2%). 2. The atypical CT findings of the mixed density were seen in 19 cases (23.2%), including acute SDH 7 cases (20%), subacute SDH 5 cases (41.7%), and chronic SDH 7 cases (20%). 3. The possible causes of the mixed density in acute SDH were unclotted blood in early stage of hematoma development or serum extruded during the early phase of clot retraction. But the possibility of cerebrospinal fluid within subdural space due to an arachnoid tear could not be excluded. 4. The possible causes of the mixed density in subacute and chronic SDH were serum extruded during the hematoma resolution and rebleeding. 5. Wall enhancement of hematomas was noted in 3 cases (25%) of subacute SDHs and 15 cases (42.9%) of chronic SDHs. 6. Most of SDHs was crescentic in shape, but lenticular in 4 cases (4.9%). Midline shift and compression of ventricles were proportional to the maximum thickness of SDHs. There were seen ipsilateral dilatation of ventricles in 9 cases (11.0%) and brain edema in 11 cases (13.4%)

113

Hematoma subdural intracraniano: uma rara complicação após raquianestesia: relato de caso Hematoma subdural intracraneal: una rara complicación después de la raquianestesia: relato de caso Intracranial subdural hematoma: a rare complication following spinal anesthesia: case report  

OpenAIRE

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O hematoma subdural intracraniano é uma complicação rara após raquianestesia. O diagnóstico é muitas vezes difícil porque os sintomas iniciais são os mesmos da cefaleia pós-punção da dura-máter. O objetivo é relatar o caso de um hematoma subdural diag nosticado precocemente, após uma raquianestesia realizada com agulha de calibre fino e punção única. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente de 48 anos, ASA I, submetida a raquianestesia para cirurgia de correção d...

Flora Margarida Barra Bisinotto; Roberto Alexandre Dezena; Daniel Capucci Fabri; Tania Mara Vilela Abud; Livia Helena Canno

2012-01-01

114

Hematoma subdural intracraniano pós-anestesia subaracnóidea: relato de dois casos e revisão de 33 casos da literatura / Intracranial subdural hematoma post-spinal anesthesia: report of two cases and review of 33 cases in the literature / Hematoma subdural intracraneal postanestesia subaracnoidea: relato de dos casos y revisión de 33 casos de la literatura  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Hematoma subdural intracraniano é uma complicação rara pós-anestesia subaracnóidea. Relatamos dois casos de mulheres que desenvolveram hematoma subdural crônico pós-anestesia subaracnóidea, diagnosticados após a evolução clínica prolongada de cefaleia pós-punção dural (CPP [...] D) e analisamos outros 33 casos encontrados em revisão da literatura. RELATO DOS CASOS: Nos 35 pacientes (idade entre 20-88 anos, 19 homens), 14 tinham mais de 60 anos (40%) sendo 12 (86%) homens. A relação se inverte no grupo de pacientes mais jovens ( Abstract in spanish JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: El hematoma subdural intracraneal es una complicación rara postanestesia subaracnoidea. Relatamos aquí dos casos de mujeres que desarrollaron hematoma subdural crónico postanestesia Subaracnoidea, diagnosticados posteriormente a la evolución clínica prolongada de cefalea p [...] ostpunción dural (CPPD), y analizamos otros 33 casos encontrados en una revisión de la literatura. RELATO DE LOS CASOS: En los 35 pacientes (edad entre 20 y 88 años, 19 hombres), 14 tenían más de 60 años (40%) siendo 12 (86%) hombres. La relación se invierte en el grupo de pacientes más jóvenes ( Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intracranial subdural hematoma is a rare complication of spinal anesthesia. We report two cases of women who developed chronic subdural hematoma post-spinal anesthesia diagnosed after prolonged clinical evolution of post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) and we analyze other [...] 33 cases found on literature review. CASE REPORTS: In 35 patients (ages 20-88 years, 19 males), 14 were older than 60 years (40%), of which 12 (86%) were males. The relationship is inverted in the group of younger patients (

Jane Auxiliadora, Amorim; Diana Souza Canuto dos Anjos, Remígio; Otávio, Damázio Filho; Marcos Aureliano Guerra de, Barros; Valentina Nicole, Carvalho; Marcelo Moraes, Valença.

2010-12-01

115

Positron emission tomography in the evaluation of subdural hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifteen patients with 21 subdural effusions were investigated both with transmission computer assisted tomography (CAT) and positron emission tomography (PET). The tracer in the emission studies was 68Ga-EDTA. Twelve lesions were visualized both with CAT and PET. Five lesions that were negative or doubtful on CAT were visualized with PET, whereas four lesions negative or doubtful on PET were demonstrated by CAT. The two methods complement each other due to the fact that they are based on different mechanisms: CAT mainly on attenuation of the fluid collection. PET on isotope accumulation, particularly in the hematoma membranes

116

Spontaneous Rapid Reduction of a Large Acute Subdural Hematoma  

OpenAIRE

The majority of acute post-traumatic subdural hematomas (ASDH) require urgent surgical evacuation. Spontaneous resolution of ASDH has been reported in some cases. We report here on a case of a patient with a large amount of ASDH that was rapidly reduced. A 61-yr-old man was found unconscious following a high speed motor vehicle accident. On initial examination, his Glasgow Coma Score scale was 4/15. His pupils were fully dilated and non-reactive to bright light. Brain computed tomography (CT)...

Lee, Chul-hee; Kang, Dong Ho; Hwang, Soo Hyun; Park, In Sung; Jung, Jin-myung; Han, Jong Woo

2009-01-01

117

Hematoma subdural intracraniano: uma rara complicação após raquianestesia: relato de caso Hematoma subdural intracraneal: una rara complicación después de la raquianestesia: relato de caso Intracranial subdural hematoma: a rare complication following spinal anesthesia: case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O hematoma subdural intracraniano é uma complicação rara após raquianestesia. O diagnóstico é muitas vezes difícil porque os sintomas iniciais são os mesmos da cefaleia pós-punção da dura-máter. O objetivo é relatar o caso de um hematoma subdural diag nosticado precocemente, após uma raquianestesia realizada com agulha de calibre fino e punção única. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente de 48 anos, ASA I, submetida a raquianestesia para cirurgia de correção de incontinência urinária. Foi realizada a raquianestesia com agulha 27G Quincke e punção única. A cirurgia foi sem intercorrências, e a paciente recebeu alta hospitalar. Após 48 horas da punção raquidiana, a paciente relatou cefaleia de início súbito, de forte intensidade, acometendo principalmente a região orbitária, mas também a região temporal, com melhora importante no decúbito dorsal e acompanhada de dois episódios de vômitos. Foi solicitada tomografia de crânio que revelou a presença de um hematoma subdural agudo frontotemporoparietal esquerdo. Foi indicado tratamento conservador com analgésicos, dexametasoma e hidantoína. Após 17 dias, apresentou quadro de cefaleia intensa, acompanhada de dormência e paresia do membro superior direito, e distúrbio da fala e comportamento. O hematoma foi drenado cirurgicamente. A paciente evoluiu bem sem sequelas. CONCLUSÕES: A cefaleia é a complicação mais frequente após raquianestesia e é considerada de evolução benigna. Faz com que diagnósticos potencialmente fatais, como o hematoma subdural, não sejam feitos em muitos casos, ou sejam tardios. Este caso descreve uma ocorrência rara, um hematoma subdural agudo após uma raquianestesia com agulha fina em uma paciente sem fatores de risco para sangramentoJUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: El hematoma subdural intracraneal es una complicación rara posterior a la raquianestesia. El diagnóstico es en muchas ocasiones difícil, porque los síntomas iniciales son los mismos de la cefalea postpunción de la duramadre. El objetivo de este estudio, es relatar el caso de un hematoma subdural diagnosticado rápidamente, y posterior a una raquianestesia realizada con una aguja de calibre fino y punción única. RELATO DEL CASO: Paciente de 48 años, ASA I, sometida a la raquianestesia para la cirugía de corrección de incontinencia urinaria. Fue realizada la raquianestesia con una aguja 27G Quincke y una punción única. La cirugía transcurrió sin problemas, y la paciente recibió alta. Después de 48 horas de efectuada la punción raquídea, la paciente relató cefalea de inicio súbito, de fuerte intensidad, afectando principalmente la región orbitaria, pero también la región temporal, con una mejoría importante en el decúbito dorsal, y acompañada de dos episodios de vómitos. Se le solicitó la tomografía de cráneo que arrojó un hematoma subdural agudo frontotemporoparietal izquierdo. Fue indicado un tratamiento conservador con analgésicos, dexametasoma e hidantoína. Después de 17 días, debutó con un cuadro de cefalea intensa, seguida de adormecimiento y paresia del miembro superior derecho, y un disturbio del habla y del comportamiento. El hematoma fue drenado quirúrgicamente. La paciente evolucionó bien y sin secuelas. CONCLUSIONES: La cefalea es la complicación más frecuente después de la raquianestesia y se le considera de evolución benigna. Ella logra que diagnósticos potencialmente fatales, como el hematoma subdural, se eviten en muchos casos o se hagan más tarde. Este caso describe una aparición rara, un hematoma subdural agudo posterior a una raquianestesia con una aguja fina en una paciente sin factores de riesgo para el sangramientoBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intracranial subdural hematoma is a rare complication following spinal anesthesia. The diagnosis is usually difficult because initial symptoms are the same of post-dural puncture headache. The objective was to report a case of early diagnosed subdural hematoma after spinal anesthesia performed with a fine-gauge ne

Flora Margarida Barra Bisinotto

2012-02-01

118

Meningioma associated with acute subdural hematoma: A review of the literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Classically meningiomas present with a gradual onset of symptoms and their acute presentation with hemorrhagic events seems to be a rare event. A review of the literature shows only 18 cases of meningioma associated with acute subdural hematoma. The possible mechanisms of hemorrhage are not yet fully understood. Case Description: We report a case of sphenoid wing meningioma associated with acute subdural hematoma, without history of trauma. The presence of meningioma was discovered during the surgery. The tumor and hematoma were removed without postoperative complications. Conclusions: The authors have discussed the etiology of an acute subdural hemorrhage and reviewed the pertinent literature. PMID:25422791

Hambra, Di Vitantonio; Danilo, De Paulis; Alessandro, Ricci; Sara, Marzi; Juan, Galzio Renato

2014-01-01

119

Hematoma subdural intracraniano: uma rara complicação após raquianestesia: relato de caso / Intracranial subdural hematoma: a rare complication following spinal anesthesia: case report / Hematoma subdural intracraneal: una rara complicación después de la raquianestesia: relato de caso  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O hematoma subdural intracraniano é uma complicação rara após raquianestesia. O diagnóstico é muitas vezes difícil porque os sintomas iniciais são os mesmos da cefaleia pós-punção da dura-máter. O objetivo é relatar o caso de um hematoma subdural diag nosticado precocement [...] e, após uma raquianestesia realizada com agulha de calibre fino e punção única. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente de 48 anos, ASA I, submetida a raquianestesia para cirurgia de correção de incontinência urinária. Foi realizada a raquianestesia com agulha 27G Quincke e punção única. A cirurgia foi sem intercorrências, e a paciente recebeu alta hospitalar. Após 48 horas da punção raquidiana, a paciente relatou cefaleia de início súbito, de forte intensidade, acometendo principalmente a região orbitária, mas também a região temporal, com melhora importante no decúbito dorsal e acompanhada de dois episódios de vômitos. Foi solicitada tomografia de crânio que revelou a presença de um hematoma subdural agudo frontotemporoparietal esquerdo. Foi indicado tratamento conservador com analgésicos, dexametasoma e hidantoína. Após 17 dias, apresentou quadro de cefaleia intensa, acompanhada de dormência e paresia do membro superior direito, e distúrbio da fala e comportamento. O hematoma foi drenado cirurgicamente. A paciente evoluiu bem sem sequelas. CONCLUSÕES: A cefaleia é a complicação mais frequente após raquianestesia e é considerada de evolução benigna. Faz com que diagnósticos potencialmente fatais, como o hematoma subdural, não sejam feitos em muitos casos, ou sejam tardios. Este caso descreve uma ocorrência rara, um hematoma subdural agudo após uma raquianestesia com agulha fina em uma paciente sem fatores de risco para sangramento Abstract in spanish JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: El hematoma subdural intracraneal es una complicación rara posterior a la raquianestesia. El diagnóstico es en muchas ocasiones difícil, porque los síntomas iniciales son los mismos de la cefalea postpunción de la duramadre. El objetivo de este estudio, es relatar el caso [...] de un hematoma subdural diagnosticado rápidamente, y posterior a una raquianestesia realizada con una aguja de calibre fino y punción única. RELATO DEL CASO: Paciente de 48 años, ASA I, sometida a la raquianestesia para la cirugía de corrección de incontinencia urinaria. Fue realizada la raquianestesia con una aguja 27G Quincke y una punción única. La cirugía transcurrió sin problemas, y la paciente recibió alta. Después de 48 horas de efectuada la punción raquídea, la paciente relató cefalea de inicio súbito, de fuerte intensidad, afectando principalmente la región orbitaria, pero también la región temporal, con una mejoría importante en el decúbito dorsal, y acompañada de dos episodios de vómitos. Se le solicitó la tomografía de cráneo que arrojó un hematoma subdural agudo frontotemporoparietal izquierdo. Fue indicado un tratamiento conservador con analgésicos, dexametasoma e hidantoína. Después de 17 días, debutó con un cuadro de cefalea intensa, seguida de adormecimiento y paresia del miembro superior derecho, y un disturbio del habla y del comportamiento. El hematoma fue drenado quirúrgicamente. La paciente evolucionó bien y sin secuelas. CONCLUSIONES: La cefalea es la complicación más frecuente después de la raquianestesia y se le considera de evolución benigna. Ella logra que diagnósticos potencialmente fatales, como el hematoma subdural, se eviten en muchos casos o se hagan más tarde. Este caso describe una aparición rara, un hematoma subdural agudo posterior a una raquianestesia con una aguja fina en una paciente sin factores de riesgo para el sangramiento Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intracranial subdural hematoma is a rare complication following spinal anesthesia. The diagnosis is usually difficult because initial symptoms are the same of post-dural puncture headache. The objecti

Flora Margarida Barra, Bisinotto; Roberto Alexandre, Dezena; Daniel Capucci, Fabri; Tania Mara Vilela, Abud; Livia Helena, Canno.

2012-02-01

120

Subdural hematoma associated with skull and dural metastasis of gastric carcinoma: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Skull bone metastasis from the gastric cancer is a rare. We reported a 52-year-old male proven to have stomach cancer and who underwent subtotal gastrectomy 5 months previously. Within the past 2 weeks, he experienced headache and dizziness followed by weakness of the left lower limb. A diagnosis of right chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) was made, and a burr hole was performed for drainage of the hematoma. However, 5 days later, the patient had sudden loss of consciousness without external evidence of trauma to the head. An emergency computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a high-density lesion consistent with an acute SDH on the right side. Histologically, metastasis of gastric adenocarcinoma was detected in both the dura mater and skull. It is suggested that the SDH was caused by the rupture of vessels in the metastasis or rupture of the inner dural vessels, possibly resulting from congestion of the outer vessels. PMID:24310465

Kuan-Yin, Tseng; Dueng-Yuan, Hueng; Hsin-I, Ma

2013-01-01

121

Ruptured Mycotic Aneurysm of the Distal Middle Cerebral Artery Manifesting as Subacute Subdural Hematoma  

OpenAIRE

Mycotic aneurysms are rare inflammatory neurovascular lesions. Ruptured mycotic aneurysm manifesting as subdural hematoma is extremely rare. A 72-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital with headache and drowsiness. Computer tomography (CT) of brain and CT angiography revealed subdural hematoma and an aneurysm located at the M4 segment of the left middle cerebral artery (MCA). Cerebral angiogram revealed 2 aneurysms; one located at the left distal MCA and the other at the bifurcati...

Lee, Sang-min; Park, Hyun-seok; Choi, Jae-hyung; Huh, Jae-taeck

2013-01-01

122

Brain herniation induced by drainage of subdural hematoma in spontaneous intracranial hypotension  

OpenAIRE

Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH), typically presents with orthostatic headache, low pressure on lumbar tapping, and diffuse pachymeningeal enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging. SIH is often accompanied by subdural fluid collections, which in most cases responds to conservative treatment or spinal epidural blood patch. Several authors advocate that large subdural hematoma with acute deterioration merits surgical drainage; however, few have reported complications following cranio...

Chotai, Silky; Kim, Jong-hyun; Kim, Joo-han; Kwon, Taek-hyun

2013-01-01

123

Traumatic interhemispheric subdural hematoma extending above the tentorium demonstrated as a low-density mass  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report presents a case of traumatic interhemispheric subdural hematoma extending above the right tentorium, which showed a low-density mass in the CT scan and which brought up a problem of differential diagnosis from subdural empyema because the patient had a long history of bilateral chronic otitis media. The 47-year-old man fell downstairs while drunk; this accident was followed by an increasing member of incidents of headache and vomiting, and he was admitted on the 15th day after the episode. Upon admission, his mental state was slightly dull; a neurologic examination revealed a mild choked disc and increased DTRs on the left. There was otorrhea and hearing difficulty on the left side, and his blood pressure was slightly elevated (170/110 mmHg). The laboratory data were negative except for an increased blood-sedimentation ratio (50/80 mm) and 1 + CRP. The precontrast CT scan demonstrated a lentiform low-density mass in the posterior part of the interhemispheric fissure extending above the right tentorium, with an unusual mass effect for the volume and a location of this mass. The postcontrast CT scan showed a marked enhancement of the falx and the tentorium around the mass. Furthermore, the pneumatization of the mastoid cells was markedly decreased. An operation was performed following the day of admission; when subdural hematoma was confirmed, it was evacuated and irrigated. The postoperative course was excellent, and the low-density mass had disappeared by d the low-density mass had disappeared by the time of a follow-up CT scan 19 days after the operation. (J.P.N.)

124

Hematoma subdural após punção inadvertida da dura-máter: relato de caso Hematoma subdural después de la punción inadvertida de la duramadre: relato de caso Subdural hematoma after inadvertent dura mater puncture: case report  

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Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter é complicação bastante conhecida das anestesias subaracnóidea e peridural, e o tratamento mais difundido é o tampão sangüíneo. O tampão sangüíneo alivia totalmente a cefaléia na grande maioria dos pacientes, e nos demais não há melhora ou, apenas, melhora parcial. Nesses casos, é prudente buscar diagnósticos diferenciais, como o hematoma subdural ou pneumoencéfalo. Os métodos de imagem são extremamente úteis nessas situações. O objetivo deste relato foi apresentar o caso de um paciente que desenvolveu hematoma subdural intracraniano após punção inadvertida da dura-máter em anestesia peridural. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo masculino, 47 anos, 147 kg, 1,90 m, estado físico ASA II, foi admitido para realização de dermolipectomia abdominal, após ter-se submetido à gastroplastia redutora. Durante anestesia peridural, houve perfuração acidental da dura-máter. O paciente evoluiu com sintomas de cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter que foram tratados com tampão sangüíneo, com melhora parcial. Houve, posteriormente, piora da cefaléia, e a ressonância nuclear magnética de encéfalo mostrou hematoma subdural intracraniano, que foi tratado clinicamente. Houve melhora progressiva, com recuperação total após 30 dias. CONCLUSÕES: A ocorrência de hematoma subdural é complicação rara, mas grave da perfuração de dura-máter. O diagnóstico é difícil e deve ser sempre cogitado quando a cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter não se resolve com o tampão sangüíneo ou piora com sua realização. No esclarecimento diagnóstico é fundamental o auxílio de um método de imagem.JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: La cefalea pos punción de la duramadre es una complicación bastante conocida de las anestesias subaracnoidea y epidural, siendo que el tratamiento más difundido es el tapón sanguíneo. El tapón sanguíneo alivia totalmente la cefalea en la gran mayoría de los pacientes, y en los demás no hay mejorías o apenas se ve una mejoría parcial. En esos casos, es prudente buscar diagnósticos diferenciales, como el hematoma subdural o neumoencéfalo. Los métodos de imagen son extremadamente útiles en esas situaciones. El objetivo de este relato fue el de presentar el caso de un paciente que debutó con hematoma subdural intracraneal después de la punción inadvertida de la duramadre en anestesia epidural. RELATO DEL CASO: Paciente del sexo masculino, 47 años, 147 kg, 1,90 m, estado físico ASA II, fue admitido para la realización de dermolipectomía abdominal, después de haberse sometido a la gastroplastía reductora. Durante la anestesia epidural, hubo perforación accidental de la duramadre. El paciente evolucionó con síntomas de cefalea pospunción de la duramadre que fueron tratados con tapón sanguíneo, obteniéndose una mejora parcial. Hubo posteriormente, un empeoramiento de la cefalea y la resonancia nuclear magnética de encéfalo mostró un hematoma subdural intracraneal, que se trató clínicamente. Hubo una mejoría progresiva, con recuperación total después de 30 días. CONCLUSIONES: La aparición de hematoma subdural es una complicación rara, pero grave de la perforación de la duramadre. El diagnóstico es difícil y debe ser siempre pensado, cuando la cefalea pospunción de la duramadre no se resuelva con el tapón sanguíneo o tampoco se resuelva su empeoramiento. En la aclaración del diagnóstico es fundamental la ayuda de un método de imagen.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Post-dural puncture headache is a well-known complication of epidural and subarachnoid blockades and the blood patch is the treatment used more often. In most patients, the blood patch relieves the headache completely, but for the remaining there is no improvement or only partial relief of the symptom. In those cases, it is prudent to look for other differential diagnosis, such as subdural hematoma or pneumoencephalus. In those situations, imaging exams are extremely useful. The objective of this report

Wallace Lage Duarte

2008-08-01

125

[Intracranial hypovolemic syndrome with subdural hygroma developed massive hematoma: timing of treatment and histology of dural hypertrophy].  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of a 43-year-old man treated by craniotomy for chronical subdural hematoma (CSH) due to spontaneous intracranial hypovolemia. The patient complained of sudden onset severe headache. Initial CT scan showed normal brain structure, and his headache improved with bed rest in a few days. However, MR images obtained for vertigo one month later demonstrated bilateral subdural hygroma extending to the supracerebellar space and diffuse dural enhancement after gadolinium infusion. We diagnosed bilateral subdural hygroma due to spontaneous intracranial hypovolemia, and observed him conservatively. Four months after onset, he complained of severe headache again and MR images revealed enlargement of bilateral CSH with mass effect, which had heterogenous intensity on the right convexity. We evacuated hematoma on the right by craniotomy and aspirated the left side hematoma using a burr hole. His headache improved 2 weeks after the operation with strict bed rest. The follow-up MR images showed disappearance of abnormal meningeal enhancement and improvement of brain sagging. PMID:15605697

Nakamizo, Satoshi; Miyake, Shigeru; Fujita, Atsushi; Kondoh, Takeshi; Kohmura, Eiji

2004-12-01

126

Hematoma subdural após punção inadvertida da dura-máter: relato de caso / Subdural hematoma after inadvertent dura mater puncture: case report / Hematoma subdural después de la punción inadvertida de la duramadre: relato de caso  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter é complicação bastante conhecida das anestesias subaracnóidea e peridural, e o tratamento mais difundido é o tampão sangüíneo. O tampão sangüíneo alivia totalmente a cefaléia na grande maioria dos pacientes, e nos demais não há melhora o [...] u, apenas, melhora parcial. Nesses casos, é prudente buscar diagnósticos diferenciais, como o hematoma subdural ou pneumoencéfalo. Os métodos de imagem são extremamente úteis nessas situações. O objetivo deste relato foi apresentar o caso de um paciente que desenvolveu hematoma subdural intracraniano após punção inadvertida da dura-máter em anestesia peridural. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo masculino, 47 anos, 147 kg, 1,90 m, estado físico ASA II, foi admitido para realização de dermolipectomia abdominal, após ter-se submetido à gastroplastia redutora. Durante anestesia peridural, houve perfuração acidental da dura-máter. O paciente evoluiu com sintomas de cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter que foram tratados com tampão sangüíneo, com melhora parcial. Houve, posteriormente, piora da cefaléia, e a ressonância nuclear magnética de encéfalo mostrou hematoma subdural intracraniano, que foi tratado clinicamente. Houve melhora progressiva, com recuperação total após 30 dias. CONCLUSÕES: A ocorrência de hematoma subdural é complicação rara, mas grave da perfuração de dura-máter. O diagnóstico é difícil e deve ser sempre cogitado quando a cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter não se resolve com o tampão sangüíneo ou piora com sua realização. No esclarecimento diagnóstico é fundamental o auxílio de um método de imagem. Abstract in spanish JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: La cefalea pos punción de la duramadre es una complicación bastante conocida de las anestesias subaracnoidea y epidural, siendo que el tratamiento más difundido es el tapón sanguíneo. El tapón sanguíneo alivia totalmente la cefalea en la gran mayoría de los pacientes, y en [...] los demás no hay mejorías o apenas se ve una mejoría parcial. En esos casos, es prudente buscar diagnósticos diferenciales, como el hematoma subdural o neumoencéfalo. Los métodos de imagen son extremadamente útiles en esas situaciones. El objetivo de este relato fue el de presentar el caso de un paciente que debutó con hematoma subdural intracraneal después de la punción inadvertida de la duramadre en anestesia epidural. RELATO DEL CASO: Paciente del sexo masculino, 47 años, 147 kg, 1,90 m, estado físico ASA II, fue admitido para la realización de dermolipectomía abdominal, después de haberse sometido a la gastroplastía reductora. Durante la anestesia epidural, hubo perforación accidental de la duramadre. El paciente evolucionó con síntomas de cefalea pospunción de la duramadre que fueron tratados con tapón sanguíneo, obteniéndose una mejora parcial. Hubo posteriormente, un empeoramiento de la cefalea y la resonancia nuclear magnética de encéfalo mostró un hematoma subdural intracraneal, que se trató clínicamente. Hubo una mejoría progresiva, con recuperación total después de 30 días. CONCLUSIONES: La aparición de hematoma subdural es una complicación rara, pero grave de la perforación de la duramadre. El diagnóstico es difícil y debe ser siempre pensado, cuando la cefalea pospunción de la duramadre no se resuelva con el tapón sanguíneo o tampoco se resuelva su empeoramiento. En la aclaración del diagnóstico es fundamental la ayuda de un método de imagen. Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Post-dural puncture headache is a well-known complication of epidural and subarachnoid blockades and the blood patch is the treatment used more often. In most patients, the blood patch relieves the headache completely, but for the remaining there is no improvement or only [...] partial relief of the symptom. In those cases, it is prudent to look for other differential diagnosis, such as subd

Wallace Lage, Duarte; Fabiano de Souza, Araújo; Marcelo Figueiredo, Almeida; Débora Grimberg, Geber; Carlos Henrique Viana de, Castro.

2008-08-01

127

Hematoma subdural de medula espinhal associada ao uso de anticoagulante oral Hematoma subdural de la médula espinal asociado al uso de anticoagulante oral Spine subdural hematoma: a rare complication associated with vitamin K antagonist (VKA)  

OpenAIRE

O hematoma subdural de medula espinhal (HSDME) é uma complicação rara decorrente do uso de antagonistas de vitamina K (AVK) e de diagnostico difícil. Este artigo apresenta um caso com complicação ameaçadora à vida: um paciente octogenário portador de fibrilação atrial de início recente em uso de AVK. A história e o exame físico inicialmente se apresentavam normais, associados com a elevação dos valores de coagulograma supraterapêuticos (INR > 10). Após 24 horas da admissão ...

Uri Adrian Prync Flato; Paulo Sérgio Rheder; Helio Penna Guimarães; Elias Silva Flato; Paulo Cretella

2009-01-01

128

Hematoma subdural agudo traumático: estudo de 110 pacientes Acute traumatic subdural haematomas: study of 110 cases  

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Full Text Available Apresentamos uma série consecutiva de 110 pacientes com hematoma subdural agudo traumático (HSDA admitidos no serviço de emergência do HBDF no período de 1°-janeiro a 1°-dezembro-1994. Todos os pacientes foram atendidos de acordo com o mesmo protocolo. Houve predominância do sexo masculino (79%, com idade variando entre 14 e 70 anos, sendo os atropelamentos (34% e os acidentes automobilísticos (20% as causas mais comuns. A maioria dos pacientes (85,7% foi admitida muito grave, com 8 pontos ou menos na Escala de Coma Glasgow (ECG, o que influenciou diretamente na mortalidade. A tomografia computadorizada de crânio foi o exame diagnóstico de escolha que mostrou serem as contusões e o inchaço cerebral ("swelling" as lesões intracranianas associadas mais freqüentes. A cirurgia foi realizada em 45,1% dos pacientes, e, em sua maioria, através de craniotomia fronto-têmporo-parietal ampla, com drenagem do hematoma, seguida de plástica da dura-mater. Em 54,9% as condições clínicas não permitiram a realização da cirurgia; neste grupo, cerca de 69,6% estavam em coma profundo à admissão, com 3 pontos na ECG. A letalidade cirúrgica foi de 61,2% e esteve diretamente relacionada à condição clínica inicial e à idade do paciente. A letalidade, incluindo todos os pacientes cirúrgicos e não cirúrgicos com HSDA, mesmo aqueles admitidos já com sinais de falência de tronco cerebral, foi de 79,5%. Além destes pacientes que faleceram, cerca de 7% evoluíram sem seqüelas ou com seqüelas mínimas; outros 11,4% com seqüelas de moderadas a paves e 2,1 % permaneceram em estado vegetativo persistente. Nossos dados estão de acordo com os da literatura no que se refere a elevada taxa de morbidade e mortalidade dos pacientes com HSDA.We report a series of 110 patients with acute traumatic subdural hematoma (ASDH admitted at HBDF emergency within 1994 (January Is1 to December PJ.All patients were treated according to the same protocol. There was a predominance of males (79%, with ages ranging from 14 to 70, being car accidents (20% and car-pedestrian accidents (34% the most frequent causes The majority of patients (85.7% was admitted in very serious condition, with a score of 8 points on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS or lesser, which directly influenced the mortality rates. CT scan was the diagnostic procedure of choice, and it showed contusion and brain swelling to be the most frequent associated intracranial lesions. Surgery was carried out in 45.1% of cases and, in most instances, through an ample fronto-temporo-parietal craniotomy, with hematoma drainage and dural reconstitution. In 54.9% of cases, clinical conditions did not allow surgery and in this group, 69.6%

Nicandro de Figueiredo Neto

1996-06-01

129

Re-estimation of acute subdural hematoma in children caused by trivial household head trauma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to identify characteristics of acute subdural hematoma in children caused by a trivial household head trauma from a modem neurosurgical and medicolegal standpoint. We performed a retrospective study of 25 children younger than 48 months hospitalized for acute subdural hematoma from December 1, 1993, through February 28, 2003. Inclusion criteria were as follows: acute subdural hematoma caused by trivial household trauma and a history of trauma corroborated by a caretaker, absence of physical injuries consistent with child abuse, fundoscopic examinations performed by a pediatric ophthalmologist, absence of fractures on general bone survey, and child abuse ruled out by long-term follow-up (more than 5 years). Twenty-one of the patients were boys, and 4 were girls. The patients ranged in age from 6 to 17 months, with an average age of 8.5 months. In 17 of 25 patients trauma had been caused by falls to the floor while standing with support or while sitting. Most of the patients were admitted to the hospital because of generalized convulsions or seizures that had developed soon after a trivial household trauma. Fifteen of the 25 (60%) patients had retinal or preretinal hemorrhage and 9 patients had bilateral retinal hemorrhage. Computed tomography showed fluid-type acute subdural hematomas at the frontal convexity or in the interhemispheric fissure in 18 of 25 (72%) patients. Fourteen of 25 (56%) patients had pre-existing external hydrocephalents had pre-existing external hydrocephalus (enlargements of the subarachnoid space). The long-term outcomes included normal mental development (IQ?80) in 18 cases, mild mental retardation (IQ<80) in 7 cases, and epilepsy in 3 cases. Acute subdural hematoma in children caused by trivial household trauma is a clinical entity distinct from acute subdural hematoma caused by child abuse or shaken-baby syndrome. (author)

130

HEMATOMA SUBDURAL EN PACIENTE CON LEUCEMIA MIELODE CRONICA: REPORTE DE CASO  

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Full Text Available El hematoma subdural cronico se define como una colección sanguíneo fibrinoide en el espacio existente entre las meninges duramadre y aracnoides, debido a traumas, infecciones (empiema y meningitis, coagulopatías u otras causas. En este se puede precisar durante la intervención quirúrgica la presencia de cápsula o membranas. Entre las diversas causas de hematoma subdural crónico se encuentra la leucemia mieloide crónica que es un síndrome mieloproliferativo, donde se ve una acentuada proliferación de glóbulos blancos de la serie granulocítica, que infiltran la sangre, médula ósea, cerebro entre otros tejidos. Presentamos brevemente un caso de esta interesante y no infrecuente asociación.

Carlos Fernando Lozano-Tangua

2009-01-01

131

Recurrent spontaneous subdural hematoma secondary to immune thrombocytopenia in a patient with overlap syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients with autoimmune connective tissue disease may manifest as overlap syndrome with features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and myositis. Those presenting with active SLE can present with immune thrombocytopenia (IT) and may be complicated with subdural hematoma which, though rare, is potentially life-threatening. We report here a patient with overlap syndrome who had recurrent spontaneous subdural hematoma due to severe thrombocytopenia which did not respond to corticosteroids and azathioprine. Her platelet count became normal with three doses of low-dose intravenous cyclophosphamide (IV CYC) given at 3-weekly intervals. She remained in remission with maintenance therapy with azathioprine. PMID:25305213

Goh, K G; Ong, S G

2015-01-01

132

Posttraumatic retroclival acute subdural hematoma: Report of two cases and review of literature  

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Full Text Available Traumatic retroclival hematomas are uncommon lesions usually associated with significant trauma. Majority of the reported hematomas are epidural; and in the pediatric population. Retroclival acute subdural hematomas (RSDH are very rare, with only two previous cases reported in English literature. An 18-year-old man presented with headache and no deficits following an accident. Computer tomography (CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI showed an acute RSDH extending into the spinal subdural space. He developed bilateral sixth nerve palsies, with symptoms of raised intracranial pressure within the next 24 hours. He underwent evacuation of hematoma with a good outcome. Another 19-year-old man presented with neck pain following a fall from a moving bus. He had no neurological deficits. CT scan showed a RSDH extending across the craniovertebral junction. He was managed conservatively with good outcome.

Sridhar Krishnamurthy

2010-01-01

133

Acute traumatic subdural hematoma in infancy and childhood classification and treatment from CT findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Acute traumatic subdural hematoma in infancy and childhood has much difference from that in adult on their symptom, clinical course, and indication of surgical treatment. The aim of this study is to examine their clinical course and CT findings just after the injury and to evaluate the treatment modality for types of complex this disease. As the result of these examination, SDH patients are divided into five categories in account of their CT findings, especially according to the relationship between the hemispheric swelling and the amount of SDH. Simple SDH type shows classical clinical course and surgical treatment are frequently essential in rapidly progressive cases. Isodensity hemispheric swelling (IHS) type is more frequently seen in CT findings which shows thin SDH and prominent brain swelling. This IHS (a subtype of diffuse brain injury) type should be recognized for their favourable outcome under conservative treatment. Other three types are; contusion with SDH, acute excerbation of chronic SDH, and battered child. Indication of surgical treatment will be decided considering to the volume of hematomas. (author).

Mochimatsu, Yasuhiko

1988-11-01

134

Acute traumatic subdural hematoma in infancy and childhood classification and treatment from CT findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Acute traumatic subdural hematoma in infancy and childhood has much difference from that in adult on their symptom, clinical course, and indication of surgical treatment. The aim of this study is to examine their clinical course and CT findings just after the injury and to evaluate the treatment modality for types of complex this disease. As the result of these examination, SDH patients are divided into five categories in account of their CT findings, especially according to the relationship between the hemispheric swelling and the amount of SDH. Simple SDH type shows classical clinical course and surgical treatment are frequently essential in rapidly progressive cases. Isodensity hemispheric swelling (IHS) type is more frequently seen in CT findings which shows thin SDH and prominent brain swelling. This IHS (a subtype of diffuse brain injury) type should be recognized for their favourable outcome under conservative treatment. Other three types are; contusion with SDH, acute excerbation of chronic SDH, and battered child. Indication of surgical treatment will be decided considering to the volume of hematomas. (author)

135

Decompression hyperostosis: cranial hyperostosis mimicking bilateral subdural hematoma on brain scintigraphy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Scintigraphic findings suggestive of bilateral subdural hematoma developed after successful decompression of communicating hydrocephalus. These findings were secondary to cranial hyperostosis. The similarity of brain scintigraphic findings in the two disorders is pointed out, and the necessity of correlating brain scintigraphs with skull radiographs is stressed. (U.S.)

136

Safe Implementation of Mechanical Thrombectomy in Acute Stroke Patients with Major Arterial Occlusion and Concomitant Subdural Hematoma  

OpenAIRE

Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) alone in cases of large-vessel acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with a concomitant subdural hematoma (SDH) seems feasible and safe, but there's still a lack of evidence in the clinical literature. We report three cases of AIS with SDH, of which MT was performed with successful recanalization and no major changes in SDH: two elderly men with acute traumatic SDH and one man with incidental chronic SDH. (1) A 67-year-old man with acute traumatic SDH in the right side deve...

Kim, Yong-won; Kang, Dong-hun; Hwang, Yang-ha; Kim, Yong-sun; Park, Sung-pa

2013-01-01

137

A chronic intracerebral fluid hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intracerebral hematoma usually resolves and a chronic fluid hematoma is rare. We describe a rare case of intracerebral fluid hematoma. This report describes a case of intracerebral fluid hematoma mimicking a brain tumor and discusses the characteristics of this condition. A 70-year-old woman had a six-month history of memory disturbance. Computed tomography scan showed a low-density lesion with a partial high-density area in the right frontal lobe. MRI revealed a lesion of the main cystic portion showing high intensity on both T1 and T2 weighted images with a low-intensity solid portion in the anteromedial side. The lesion was adjacent to the lateral ventricle. Craniotomy was carried out and the lesion was removed. Pathological examination of the solid portion revealed that the diagnosis was reactive changes due to intracerebral hemorrhage. In our case, there was a possibility that the hematoma was diluted with cerebrospinal fluid, and coagulation might have been prevented. PMID:24750708

Nomura, Motohiro; Miyashita, Katsuyoshi; Tamase, Akira; Kamide, Tomoya; Mori, Kentaro; Kitamura, Yoshihisa; Seki, Shunsuke; Shima, Hiroshi; Yanagimoto, Kunio

2014-04-01

138

Pola Kejadian Hematoma Subdural Pada Bayi Yang dirawat di Ruang Rawat Intensif Anak Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin  

OpenAIRE

Subdural hematoma (SDH) is a common condition in infancy and young children with a poor prognostic. The more studies related SDH with nonaccidental injury. With the aim to identify the characteristics of SDH in infants below 1 year, a retrospective study of infants below 1 year diagnosed as subdural hematoma who were admitted to PICU Hasan Sadikin General Hospital from Januari 2000 to Desember 2003 has been conducted. Infants less than 1 month and SDH developed after neurosurgery intervention...

Enny Harliany Alwi

2009-01-01

139

Low Molecular Weight Heparin Induced Delayed Traumatic Clival Subdural Hematoma Associated With Isolated Abducens Nerve Palsy in a Child  

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Full Text Available Traumatic clival subdural hematoma is a very rare clinical entity. This rarity can result in delayed or missed diagnoses. Although several hypotheses are proposed to explain this lesion, the exact pathophysiology remains to be unknown.We present a case of low-molecular-weight heparin induced clival subdural hematoma, extending to the left cerebellopontine angle and causing left abducens nerve palsy which occured six days after trauma.

Mehmet Faik ÖZVEREN

2012-06-01

140

Diagnóstico angiográfico dos hematomas subdurais: valor da fase venosa em incidência sagital / Angiographic diagnosis of subdural hematoma: value of the venous phase in saggital incidence  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Êste trabalho tem por fim demonstrar o valor da fase venosa em incidência sagital no diagnóstico angiográfico dos hematomas subdurais. Êle é baseado em 8 casos verificados cirürgicamente, dois dos quais com hematoma bilateral, compreendendo um total de 10 hematomas subdurals demonstrados pela angiog [...] rafia cerebral. Em 9 exemplares a elipse avascular que caracteriza essa entidade nosológica só apareceu na fase venosa; sòmente em um caso êsse sinal patognomônico foi claramente revelado na fase arterial em incidência ântero-posterior. O arteriograma mostra, apenas, às mais das vêzes, deslocamento da artéria cerebral anterior e seus ramos para o lado oposto àquele em que se encontra o hematoma, como acontece nos casos de lesões expansivas em geral. Menos freqüentemente os principais troncos arteriais do encéfalo não sofrem modificações no seu trajeto, apesar do espaço intracraniano ocupado pelos hematomas. A existência de hematoma subdural no interior de um hemicrânio sem desvio da artéria cerebral anterior, embora não implique necessàriamente na existência de outra coleção sangüínea do lado oposto, é altamente sugestiva dessa dupla lesão. A exploração bilateral nesses casos é, portanto, obrigatória. Dos três casos desta série em que a angiografia em um dos lados revelou a elipse avascular característica e artéria cerebral anterior com trajeto normal, a angiografia do lado oposto resultou positiva em dois dêles e negativa em um. Pôsto que alguns Serviços especializados não sejam dotados de equipamento para angiografia em séries, o autor recomenda o flebograma em incidência sagital como tempo obrigatório, mesmo que para tanto seja necessária nova injeção de contraste. Abstract in english This repport aims to demonstrate the value of the venous phase, in sagittal incidence, for the angiographic diagnosis of subdural hematoma. It is based on eight such cases, all of them with surgical confirmation. Six of the patients had unilateral hematomas and the remaining two had bilateral blood [...] collections. Ten subdural hematomas were, then, diagnosed by means of cerebral angiography. In only one instance the elliptical non vascularized area which constitutes the pathognomonic sign of the above referred nosological entity could be seen, under frontal projection, right in the arterial phase. In the other cases the specific diagnosis of subdural hematoma would not be achieved if the venous phase had not been taken in account. The arterial displacement seen in most cases of subdural hematoma gives no help for specific diagnosis; such a displacement may occur in any case of space-occupying lesion. Besides, existence of subdural hematomas with no arterial dislocation, is a known condition, mainly in that cases of bilateral subdural blood collections. On the other hand a single, unilateral hematoma with no shifting of the anterior cerebral artery to the opposite side is also suitable. In the last three cases of this series, there was no significant displacement of the anterior cerebral artery; the venous phase, in antero-posterior incidence, and further surgical exploration, showed the hematomas to be bilateral in two; in the third of these cases the anterior cerebral artery had a normal course, in spite of the space taken by a single hematoma. Thus, if the venous phase shows the characteristic picture of subdural hematoma - avascular area - with no displacement in the arterial phase, it does not mean necessarily that the hematoma is bilateral. Nevertheless angiography on opposite side must always be done. Since in angiographic diagnosis of subdural hematoma the accuracy of the venous phase, in sagittal projection seems to be proven, we think that the above mentioned step of the examination has to be done even if, in order to achieve it, a new injection of contrast may be required.

José, Zaclis; Rolando A., Tenuto.

1955-12-01

141

Concurrent intracranial and spinal subdural hematoma in a teenage athlete: a case report of this rare entity.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 15-year-old male high school football player presented with episodes of headache and complete body stiffness, especially in the arms, lower back, and thighs, immediately following a football game. This was accompanied by severe nausea and vomiting for several days. Viral meningitis was suspected by the primary clinician, and treatment with corticosteroids was initiated. Over the next several weeks, there was gradual symptom improvement and the patient returned to his baseline clinical status. The patient experienced a severe recurrence of the previous myriad of symptoms following a subsequent football game, without an obvious isolated traumatic episode. In addition, he experienced a new left sided headache, fatigue, and difficulty ambulating. He was admitted and an extensive workup was performed. CT and MRI of the head revealed concurrent intracranial and spinal subdural hematomas (SDH). Clinical workup did not reveal any evidence of coagulopathy or predisposing vascular lesions. Spinal SDH is an uncommon condition whose concurrence with intracranial SDH is an even greater clinical rarity. We suggest that our case represents an acute on chronic intracranial SDH with rebleeding, membrane rupture, and symptomatic redistribution of hematoma to the spinal subdural space. PMID:25349764

Treister, Daniel S; Kingston, Sara E; Zada, Gabriel; Singh, Manu; Jones, Jesse G A; Mills, Jena N; Lerner, Alexander; Boyko, Orest B; Law, Meng; Rajamohan, Anandh; Shiroishi, Mark S

2014-01-01

142

Hematoma subdural de medula espinhal associada ao uso de anticoagulante oral Hematoma subdural de la médula espinal asociado al uso de anticoagulante oral Spine subdural hematoma: a rare complication associated with vitamin K antagonist (VKA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O hematoma subdural de medula espinhal (HSDME é uma complicação rara decorrente do uso de antagonistas de vitamina K (AVK e de diagnostico difícil. Este artigo apresenta um caso com complicação ameaçadora à vida: um paciente octogenário portador de fibrilação atrial de início recente em uso de AVK. A história e o exame físico inicialmente se apresentavam normais, associados com a elevação dos valores de coagulograma supraterapêuticos (INR > 10. Após 24 horas da admissão hospitalar, o paciente apresentou tetraparesia progressiva, evidenciando na ressonância nuclear magnética (RNM de medula espinhal um HSDME (Figura 1. Após reversão completa da hipocoagulação e intervenção neurocirúrgica o paciente obteve melhora do quadro neurológico.El hematoma subdural espinal (HSE es una complicación rara proveniente del uso de antagonistas de vitamina K (AVK y de diagnostico difícil. Este artículo presenta un caso con complicación amenazadora para la vida: un paciente octogenario portador de fibrilación auricular de inicio reciente, en uso de AVK. Inicialmente, la historia y el examen físico se presentaban normales, asociados a la elevación de los valores de coagulograma supra terapéuticos (INR > 10. Tras 24 horas del ingreso hospitalario, el paciente presentó tetraparesia progresiva. Al realizarse una resonancia nuclear magnética (RNM de médula espinal, se evidenció un HSE (Figura 1. Tras reversión completa de la hipocoagulación e intervención neuroquirúrgica el paciente obtuvo mejora del cuadro neurológico.Spinal subdural hematoma (SSDH is a rare condition, which is difficult to diagnose, related to Vitamin K Antagonist. This a case report of a life-threatening situation in a octogenarian patient with a history of recent atrial fibrillation that received K-Vitamin Antagonist (KVA therapy. The history and the clinical assessment were normal at the admission, associated with increase in the coagulation parameters (INR >10. Twenty-four hours after the admission, the patient developed progressive tetraparesis and a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI was performed, disclosing the evidence of a SSDH (Figure 1. An emergency neurosurgical intervention was performed associated with normalization of the coagulation parameters. After the procedure, the patient presented improvement of the neurological symptoms.

Uri Adrian Prync Flato

2009-01-01

143

Prospective analysis of bedside percutaneous subdural tapping for the treatment of chronic subdural haematoma in adults  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVES: Although there is general agreement that surgery is the best treatment for chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH), the extent of the surgical intervention is not well defined. METHODS: The less invasive surgical technique of bedside percutaneous subdural tapping and spontaneous haematoma efflux after twist drill craniostomy under local anaesthesia was prospectively analysed in 118 adult patients, 99 with unilateral and 19 with bilateral CSDH. RESULTS: The mean number of subdural tappin...

Reinges, Mh; Hasselberg, I.; Rohde, V.; Ku?ker, W.; Gilsbach, Jm

2000-01-01

144

Dural prostate metastasis resembling a chronic subdural haematoma  

OpenAIRE

Subdural hematoma (SDH) is a common neurosurgical pathology, characteristically recognised on plain CT and can be treated with simple and effective surgical intervention. In contrast, dural metastatic adenocarcinoma of the prostate with SDH and malignant extension into the subdural membranes is extremely rare. We describe the case of a 62-year old Caucasian male, provide a brief review of the literature, and explore the potential role of neoangiogenesis and disseminated intravascular coagulop...

O’meara, C.; Mahasneh, T.; Wilson, P.; I’ons, B.; Alkhawaja, D.

2012-01-01

145

Acute Interhemispheric Subdural Hematomas: A Report of 3 Cases and Review of the Literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The development of acute supratentorial interhemispheric subdural hematomas is an uncommon yet a highly distinct event because of their unusual location, unknown natural history, and debated management. The majority develop in patients with head trauma, generalized bleeding tendency, or coagulopathy. We report on 3 patients who developed spontaneous acute inter-hemispheric subdural hematomas. They were 72, 66, and 65 years old, respectively. Two were males and the 3rd was a female. There was no head trauma, bleeding tendency, or coagulopathy. Two of them were hypertensive but none of them was diabetic, epileptic, or alcoholic. Two patients died, on day 1 and 2 respectively, and the 3rd patient was discharged by his next of kin after 3 hours of admission to our Acute and Emergency department. No neurosurgical intervention was carries out and all patients were treated conservatively. The hematoma was fronto-occipital and was located on the left side in 2 patients while in the 3rd patient it was a right-sided parieto-occipital one. Although the initial investigations had pointed out to the spontaneous development of those hematomas in our patients, a further search for an underlying etiology was supposed to be done, but the early death of 2 patients and the premature discharge of the 3rd patient had intersected with this work-up. The rapid deterioration and death of 2 patients might have been prevented if an early evacuation was done.

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

2014-02-01

146

Safe implementation of mechanical thrombectomy in acute stroke patients with major arterial occlusion and concomitant subdural hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) alone in cases of large-vessel acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with a concomitant subdural hematoma (SDH) seems feasible and safe, but there's still a lack of evidence in the clinical literature. We report three cases of AIS with SDH, of which MT was performed with successful recanalization and no major changes in SDH: two elderly men with acute traumatic SDH and one man with incidental chronic SDH. (1) A 67-year-old man with acute traumatic SDH in the right side developed right middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke, (2) a 72-year-old man with chronic SDH in the left side developed right MCA stroke, and (3) a 76-year-old-man with acute traumatic SDH in the right side developed top-of-basilar artery syndrome. As for AIS patients with a SDH, MT may be the only feasible and safe treatment option. PMID:24024077

Kim, Yong-Won; Kang, Dong-Hun; Hwang, Yang-Ha; Kim, Yong-Sun; Park, Sung-Pa

2013-09-01

147

Hematoma subdural agudo espontâneo e hemorragia intracerebral em paciente com microangiopatia trombótica gestacional / Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma and intracerebral hemorrhage in a patient with thrombotic microangiopathy during pregnancy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Pré-eclâmpsia, síndrome HELLP (hemólise, elevação de enzimas hepáticas e plaquetopenia) e fígado gorduroso agudo da gestação são as principais causas de microangiopatia trombótica e disfunção hepática grave durante a gestação, representando um spectrum do mesmo processo patológico. Relatou-se aqui o [...] caso de uma gestante com 35 semanas internada em unidade de terapia intensiva no pós-operatório imediato de cesariana por morte fetal, com náuseas, vômitos e icterícia. Diagnosticaram-se pré-eclâmpsia pós-parto e fígado gorduroso agudo da gestação. Houve evolução tardia com hematoma subdural agudo e hemorragia intracerebral, sendo realizado tratamento neurocirúrgico. A paciente foi a óbito por anemia hemolítica refratária, com sangramento espontâneo em múltiplos órgãos. Pré-eclâmpsia, síndrome HELLP e fígado gorduroso agudo da gestação são processos patológicos que podem se sobrepor e se associar a complicações potencialmente fatais, como a hemorragia intracraniana aqui descrita. Sua detecção e diagnóstico precoces são fundamentais para a instituição de manejo adequado e sucesso do tratamento. Abstract in english Preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low-platelet count), and acute fatty liver of pregnancy are the main causes of thrombotic microangiopathy and evere liver dysfunction during pregnancy and represent different manifestations of the same pathological continuum. The c [...] ase of a 35-week pregnant woman who was admitted to an intensive care unit immediately after a Cesarean section due to fetal death and the presence of nausea, vomiting, and jaundice is reported. Postpartum preeclampsia and acute fatty liver of pregnancy were diagnosed. The patient developed an acute subdural hematoma and an intracerebral hemorrhage, which were subjected to neurosurgical treatment. The patient died from refractory hemolytic anemia and spontaneous bleeding of multiple organs. Preeclampsia HELLP syndrome, and acute fatty liver of pregnancy might overlap and be associated with potentially fatal complications, including intracranial hemorrhage, as in the present case. Early detection and diagnosis are crucial to ensure management and treatment success.

Sâmia Yasin, Wayhs; Joise, Wottrich; Douglas Prestes, Uggeri; Fernando Suparregui, Dias.

2013-06-01

148

Successful subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation therapy after significant lead displacement from a subdural hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 57-year-old man with a 21year history of Parkinson's disease underwent bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (DBS) placement. One week postoperatively he developed an acute left subdural hematoma from a fall with significant displacement of the DBS leads. It was promptly evacuated, the patient slowly recovered neurologically, and the leads again moved near to the original position. Six months of stimulation therapy attained 50% reduction in symptoms. This case report demonstrates the movement of DBS leads due to brain shift and their ability to come back to previous location once the brain shift is corrected. PMID:25304438

Henderson, Esmiralda Yeremeyeva; Goble, Timothy; D'Haese, Pierre-François; Pallavaram, Srivatsan; Oluigbo, Chima; Agrawal, Punit; Deogaonkar, Milind; Rezai, Ali

2015-02-01

149

Cognitive Performance in Late Adolescence and the Subsequent Risk of Subdural Hematoma: An Observational Study of a Prospective Nationwide Cohort  

OpenAIRE

Anna and Peter Nordström analyzed a prospective nationwide cohort of 440,742 Swedish men and found that reduced cognitive function in young adulthood was associated with increased risk of subdural hematoma later in life, whereas a higher level of education and physical fitness were associated with a decreased risk.

Nordstro?m, Anna; Nordstro?m, Peter

2011-01-01

150

Chronic spinal subdural abscess mimicking an intradural–extramedullary tumor  

OpenAIRE

Spinal subdural abscesses (SSA) are very rare disease. The etiologies of SSA are hematogenous spread, iatrogenic contamination, and local extension. Elevated WBC counts, ESR, and C-reactive protein are usually found in laboratory tests. But they are not sensitive indicators of SSA, especially chronic abscesses patient tend to have a less specific characteristic. We report the case of a healthy man with chronic subdural abscess referred to our hospital as an intradural–extramedullary (IDEM) ...

Lim, Hyo-yeol; Choi, Hong-jun; Kim, Sungjun; Kuh, Sung-uk

2013-01-01

151

RI cisternography and CT cisternography in chronic subdural effusion in infancy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Differential diagnosis has been made more accurately between subdural and subarachnoid effusions in infancy since the introduction of the CT scan. We have four cases where In-DTPA (lmCi) and Metrizamide (5 ml x 170 mgl/dl) were given intrathecally at the same time. These dynamics were followed at intervals of 3, 6, 24, and 48 hours, and the diagnosis of chronic subdural effusion (or hematoma) was made at the time of surgery. The findings of both cisternographies were analyzed in these 4 cases. The dynamics of the two materials in the CSF space were almost the same. Comparing the two materials, CT cisternography delineates the anatomical structures of CSF pathways more clearly and accurately. Cerebral sulci and sylvian fissures were well defined with metrizamide at 3 and/or 6 h, but the subdural space was nonfilling. The diagnosis of the CSF block is significant in determining operative indications. RI cisternography seems to be the better method of detecting abnormal findings regarding convexity flow, especially the asymmetry of cerebral convexity. However, the asymmetrical convexity flow as determining by RI at 24 and/or 48 h corresponds quite closely to asymmetrical sylvian-fissure filling by metrizamide at 3 and/or 6 h. It has been concluded that metrizamide CT cisternography can replace some parts of RI cisternography in studying chronic subdural effusion in infancy. (author)

152

Frequency of conservatively managed traumatic acute subdural haematoma changing into chronic subdural haematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Traumatic brain injury represents a significant cause of mortality and permanent disability in the adult population. Acute subdural haematoma is one of the conditions most strongly associated with severe brain injury. Knowledge on the natural history of the illness and the outcome of patients conservatively managed may help the neurosurgeon in the decision-making process. Methods: We prospectively analysed 27 patients with age ranges 15-90 years, in whom a CT scan diagnosis of acute subdural haematoma was made, and in whom craniotomy for evacuation was not initially performed, to the neurosurgery department of Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad (2008-2011). Patients with deranged bleeding profile, anticoagulant therapy, chronic liver disease, any other associated intracranial abnormalities, such as cerebral contusions, as shown on CT, were excluded from this study. All patients were followed by serial CT scans, and a neurological assessment was done. Results: There were 18 male and 9 female patients, Cerebral atrophy was present in over half of the sample. In 22 of our patients, the acute subdural haematoma resolved spontaneously, without evidence of damage to the underlying brain, as shown by CT or neurological findings. Four patients subsequently required burr hole drainage for chronic subdural haematoma. In each of these patients, haematoma thickness was greater than 10 mm. The mean delay between injury and operation in this group was 15-21 days. Among ttion in this group was 15-21 days. Among these patients 1 patient required craniotomy for haematoma removal due to neurological deterioration. Conclusion: Certain conscious patients with small acute subdural haematomas, without mass effect on CT, may be safely managed conservatively, but due to high risk of these acute subdural haematoma changing into chronic subdural haematoma these patients should be reinvestigated in case of neurological deterioration. (author)

153

Comparison Between Cerebral Tissue Oxygen Tension and Energy Metabolism in Experimental Subdural Hematoma  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: An experimental swine model (n = 7) simulating an acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) was employed (1) to explore the relation between the brain tissue oxygenation (PbtO(2)) and the regional cerebral energy metabolism as obtained by microdialysis, and (2) to define the lowest level of PbtO(2) compatible with intact energy metabolism. METHODS: ASDH was produced by infusion of 7 ml of autologous blood (infusion rate 0.5 ml/min) by a catheter placed subdurally. PbtO(2) and microdialysis probes were placed symmetrically in the injured ("bad-side") and non-injured ("good-side") hemispheres. Intracranial pressure (ICP) was monitored in the "good-side." RESULTS: ICP, cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), PbtO(2), glucose, lactate, pyruvate, lactate-pyruvate ratio (LP ratio), glutamate, and glycerol were recorded at baseline (60 min) and post trauma (360 min). After the creation of the ASDH, PbtO(2) decreased significantly in both the hemispheres (P 

Nielsen, Troels Halfeld; Engell, Susanne I

2011-01-01

154

Chronic subdural haematoma, an unusual injury from playing basketball  

OpenAIRE

Although the literature records instances of acute epidural haematoma and acute subdural haematoma related to playing basketball, there has not been a report of chronic subdural haematoma as a basketball injury. With the burgeoning interest in this sport in the United Kingdom and Europe, the possibility of this particular neurotrauma increases. Such an injury, along with the diagnosis and management of this often insidious lesion, is documented in this case report. ???

Keller, T. M.; Holland, M. C.

1998-01-01

155

Hematoma epidural lumbar crónico espontáneo / Chronic spontaneous lumbar epidural hematoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos un caso excepcional de estenosis de canal lumbar con síndrome de cola de caballo por un hematoma crónico espontáneo en el espacio epidural L2-L3. Se trata de un varón de 53 años que, sin ninguna clase de antecedente patológico relacionado con el problema actual (traumatismos, punciones l [...] umbares, toma de antiagregantes o anticoagulantes), presenta una colección hemática epidural que va comprimiendo progresivamente la cola de caballo. Las pruebas de imagen mostraron una colección polilobulada, bien delimitada, que se interpretó como quiste sinovial. Tras la cirugía (laminectomía descompresiva y evacuación) se confirmó el diagnóstico con estudio histológico. Tras la operación se recuperó por completo la función neurológica. Abstract in english We report an exceptional case of cauda equina syndrome, caused by a chronic epidural hematoma of the lumbar spine, (L2-L3). A 53 year old man without history of trauma, lumbar punctures or antiagregant medication, suffered from progressive back pain and minor motor deficit in the legs. The etiology, [...] MRI, intraoperative findings and microscopical study are presented and discussed. After surgery there was a complete resolution of the clinical picture.

J.M., Belinchón; J., Campos; J., Merino; J.M., Gallego; C., Barcia.

2005-12-01

156

Paresia VI par craneal por hematoma subdural retroclival y espinal postraumático: presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Abducens nerve palsy due to postraumatic retroclival and spinal subdural hematoma: case report and literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Los hematomas retroclivales postraumáticos son extremadamente infrecuentes y casi exclusivos de la edad pediátrica. Únicamente se ha documentado en la literatura un caso de hematoma subdural retroclival postraumático. Caso clínico: Varón de 8 años de edad que tras accidente de biciclet [...] a sufre traumatismo cráneo-encefálico con hiperextensión cervical. A su ingreso presentó Glasgow inicial de 13 y diplopia por paresia del VI par derecho. En la TAC y RM cráneo-cervical se objetivó un hematoma subdural retroclival. Se realizó manejo conservador con colocación de collarín rígido. Se observó recuperación espontánea del VI par a los 6 días presentando únicamente cervicalgia al alta. Presentó resolución clínica y radiológica a los 3 meses del accidente. Conclusión: Las lesiones hemorrágicas retroclivales postraumáticas son típicas de la edad pediátrica por la inmadurez de la unión cráneo-cervical que presentan. El tratamiento de elección es la colocación de un collarín rígido aunque si existe progresión clínica puede ser necesaria la evacuación quirúrgica. Abstract in english Introduction: Retroclival posttraumatic hematomas are extremely rare and almost exclusive to childhood. Only one case of retroclival subdural hematoma has been reported in the literature to date. Case report: An 8-year-old boy suffered a severe head injury with cervical hyperextension as the result [...] of a bicycle accident. On admission his initial Glasgow Coma Score was 13 and he had diplopia due to right palsy of the VI nerve. A retroclival subdural hematoma was observed by CT and MRI of the craneovertebral junction. Management was conservative and a rigid collar was placed. Palsy of VI nerve recovered spontaneously at 6 days and at discharge the patient had only cervical pain. Follow up at 3 months after the accident showed clinical and radiological resolution. Conclusion: Traumatic retroclival hematomas are mainly a pediatric entity due to immaturity of the cranio-cervical junction. Treatment consists of placement of a rigid collar although clinical progression may require surgical evacuation.

I., Catalá-Antúnez; C. de, Quintana-Schmidt; P., Clavel-Laria; G., Montes-Graciano; J., Molet-Teixidó.

2011-08-01

157

Blood constituents trigger brain swelling, tissue death, and reduction of glucose metabolism early after acute subdural hematoma in rats  

OpenAIRE

Outcome from acute subdural hematoma is often worse than would be expected from the pure increase of intracranial volume by bleeding. The aim was to test whether volume-independent pathomechanisms aggravate damage by comparing the effects of blood infusion with those of an inert fluid, paraffin oil, on intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), local cerebral blood flow (CBF), edema formation, glucose metabolism ([18F]-deoxyglucose, MicroPET ), and histological outcome. R...

Baechli, Heidi; Behzad, Melika; Schreckenberger, Matthias; Buchholz, Hans-georg; Heimann, Axel; Kempski, Oliver; Alessandri, Beat

2010-01-01

158

Chronic Subdural Haematoma in a Case of Hyperthyroidism Presenting with Papilledema  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Subdural hematomas are often life-threatening when acute but chronic subdural hematomas, however, have better prognosis if properly managed. Chronic subdural hematomas are common in the elderly due to shrinkage of brain tissue, but in young patient mostly associated with head injury. It is seen also in young having various coagulopathies associated with blood disorders or drug-induced, but it is very rare. Propylthiouracil (PTU is an oral medication that is used in treatment of hyperthyroidism approved by FDA in July 1947. This medication may rarely cause very serious blood disorders (such as a low number of red cells, white cells, and platelets, especially during the first few months of treatment. We are reporting a rare case of PTU-induced thrombocytopenia leading to chronic subdural haematoma, which presented with established papilledema and signs of raised ICP in a hyperthyroid female and she responded well to surgical management.

2012-12-01

159

Successful management of an acute subdural hematoma in a patient dependent on continuous treprostinil infusion therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Treprostinil is a synthetic analog of prostacyclin, which is used for treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Continuous subcutaneous administration of treprostinil has been proven in randomized controlled trials to improve quality of life, hemodynamics, and 5-year survival in patients with PAH. The efficacy of treprostinil has been attributed to its vasodilatory and antiplatelet effects. Unfortunately, the efficacy of treprostinil in the treatment of PAH is rapidly reversed upon cessation of the continuous infusion. Furthermore, cases of patients rapidly declining or succumbing to disease progression upon cessation of treprostinil have raised significant concern regarding discontinuation of this medication. To date, there are no reports of emergency craniotomies performed in the setting of continuous subcutaneous infusion of treprostinil. The authors report a case of a patient with PAH, treated with continuous administration of subcutaneous treprostinil as well as warfarin, who developed an acute subdural hematoma (SDH). Despite adequate INR (international normalized ratio) correction, the patient eventually underwent an emergency craniotomy for evacuation of the SDH while on continuous treprostinil administration. This case highlights the neurosurgical dilemma regarding the appropriate management of acute SDHs in patients receiving continuous treprostinil infusion. PMID:23373804

Safain, Mina; Shepard, Matthew; Rahal, Jason; Kryzanski, James; Hwang, Steven; Roguski, Marie; Riesenburger, Ron I

2013-04-01

160

Case report of subdural hematoma in a patient with Sturge-Weber syndrome and literature review: questions and implications for therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sturge-Weber syndrome is a neurocutaneous disorder associated with vascular abnormalities in the skin, eye, and brain leading to both acute and chronic cerebral hypoperfusion and, in some affected children, brain injury. Aspirin can reduce stroke-like events and seizure episodes and prevent further brain injuries in these patients. Although a few cases of intracranial hemorrhage in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome have been reported, prior reports have not discussed this complication with regard to particular therapies. The authors present a toddler with Sturge-Weber syndrome who developed a subdural hematoma in the setting of a mechanical fall with minor head trauma. They discuss the possible role of aspirin in contributing to, or perhaps protecting against, intracranial hemorrhage in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome. Further data are needed to establish the utility of aspirin in Sturge-Weber syndrome. PMID:22805242

Lopez, Jonathan; Yeom, Kristen W; Comi, Anne; Van Haren, Keith

2013-05-01

161

Computerized tomography findings of acute traumatic epidural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During four year period from April, 1977 to March, 1981, 53 cases with acute traumatic epidural hematoma had been encountered out of 430 acute head injured patients examined by computerized tomography (CT) within 24 hours after incurring the trauma. Besides the initial CT, the authors performed contrast enhanced CT (41 cases) and serial CT scanning (31 cases). There were 49 cases of epidural hematoma existing in the supratentorial region, Two cases infratentorial region and 2 cases in the both regions. Two cases of vertex epidural hematoma had been encountered, one of them required vertical scan technique. In 22 (41%) of the 53 patients, the initial CT showed evidence of other cerebral lesions. The most frequent lesion was pneumocephalus (11 cases), 3 cases of them existed in the epidural hematoma. There were also intracerebral hematoma (6 cases), subdural hematoma (4 cases), cerebral contusion (2 cases), intraventricular hemorrhage (2 cases) and 2 cases of them demonstrated ''diffuse traumatic cerebral injury''. During contrast enhanced CT, 11 cases out of 41 cases indicated several enhancement pattern. There were total enhancement of epidural hematoma (2 cases), partial enhancement of hematoma (2 cases) and enhancement of internal margin of hematoma (2 cases). Serial CT scans was performed in 36 out of the 53 patients. Common findings on the serial CT scans were decreased density collection in the subdural space such as subdural effusions or chronic subdural hematomural effusions or chronic subdural hematomas (8 cases) and enlargement of small epidural hematomas (3 cases). After evacuation of epidural hematoma, there were some cases showing the so-called ''delayed traumatic intracerebral hematoma'' (4 cases), appearance of other epidural hematoma (1 case) and development of small cerebral infarction in the basal ganglia. There was one case indicating appearance of a new epidural hematoma contra lateral to the side of evacuation of subdural hematoma. (J.P.N.)

162

In vivo imaging of twist drill drainage for subdural hematoma: a clinical feasibility study on electrical impedance tomography for measuring intracranial bleeding in humans.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intracranial bleeding is one of the most severe medical emergencies in neurosurgery. Early detection or diagnosis would largely reduce the rate of disability and mortality, and improve the prognosis of the patients. Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) can non-invasively image the internal resistivity distribution within a human body using a ring of external electrodes, and is thus a promising technique to promptly detect the occurrence of intracranial bleedings because blood differs from other brain tissues in resistivity. However, so far there is no experimental study that has determined whether the intracranial resistivity changes in humans could be repeatedly detected and imaged by EIT. Hence, we for the first time attempt to clinically validate this by in vivo imaging the influx and efflux of irrigating fluid (5% dextrose in water, D5W) during the twist-drill drainage operation for the patients with subdural hematoma (SDH). In this study, six patients (four male, two female) with subacute or chronic SDH received the surgical operation in order to evacuate the hematoma around subdural region, and EIT measurements were performed simultaneously on each patient's head. The results showed that the resistivity significantly increased on the corresponding position of EIT images during the influx of D5W and gradually decreased back to baseline during the efflux. In the quantitative analysis, the average resistivity values demonstrated the similar results and had highly linear correlation (R(2) = 0.93 ± 0.06) with the injected D5W volumes, as well as the area of the resistivity gain(R(2) = 0.94 ± 0.05). In conclusion, it was clinically validated that intracranial resistivity changes in humans were detectable and quantifiable by the EIT method. After further technical improvements, EIT has the great potential of being a routine neuroimaging tool for early detection of intracranial bleedings. PMID:23372808

Dai, Meng; Li, Bing; Hu, Shijie; Xu, Canhua; Yang, Bin; Li, Jianbo; Fu, Feng; Fei, Zhou; Dong, Xiuzhen

2013-01-01

163

Chronic spinal subdural abscess mimicking an intradural-extramedullary tumor.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spinal subdural abscesses (SSA) are very rare disease. The etiologies of SSA are hematogenous spread, iatrogenic contamination, and local extension. Elevated WBC counts, ESR, and C-reactive protein are usually found in laboratory tests. But they are not sensitive indicators of SSA, especially chronic abscesses patient tend to have a less specific characteristic. We report the case of a healthy man with chronic subdural abscess referred to our hospital as an intradural-extramedullary (IDEM) tumor. The patient presented with voiding difficulty and pain in the back and left leg. In a contrast MRI scan, a rim-enhanced mass-like lesion was seen at the L5/S1 level. But adjacent ill-defined epidural fat enhancement that are unusual imaging manifestation for IDEM tumors was seen. He had no fever and normal WBC, ESR, and CRP. In addition, the patient had no previous infection history or other disease, but he did have an epidural block for back pain at another hospital 2 years previously. So, we repeated the MRI with a high-resolution 3-T scanner. The newly taken MR images in our hospital revealed a clear enlargement of lesion size compared to the previous MRI taken 1 week before in other hospital. We suspected a chronic spinal subdural abscess with recent aggravation and immediately performed surgical evacuation. In the surgical field, tensed dura was observed and pus was identified after opening the abscess capsule. Because chronic spinal subdural abscesses are difficult to diagnose, we could differentiate with IDEM tumor exactly and an exact history taking, contrast MRI are required. PMID:23397217

Lim, Hyo-Yeol; Choi, Hong-Jun; Kim, Sungjun; Kuh, Sung-Uk

2013-05-01

164

Pola Kejadian Hematoma Subdural Pada Bayi Yang dirawat di Ruang Rawat Intensif Anak Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Subdural hematoma (SDH is a common condition in infancy and young children with a poor prognostic. The more studies related SDH with nonaccidental injury. With the aim to identify the characteristics of SDH in infants below 1 year, a retrospective study of infants below 1 year diagnosed as subdural hematoma who were admitted to PICU Hasan Sadikin General Hospital from Januari 2000 to Desember 2003 has been conducted. Infants less than 1 month and SDH developed after neurosurgery intervention were excluded. Fourteen infants met the inclusion criteria's, consisted of 5 (36% girls and 9 (64% boys, most of them were on 1 month of age (57%. Anemia was found on all cases, thrombocyte normal except in 1 case thrombocytopenia (53,000/mm3. PT prolonged in 9 (100% cases and PTT in 5 (56% from 9 cases. Bilirubin total/direct elevated in 4 (80% from 5 cases, SGOT/SGPT elevated in 5 (83% from 6 cases. From 11 cases, 9 (82% cases were IgG anti-CMV positive and 6 (55% cases were IgM anti CMV positive. Conclusions, SDH can be caused by various etiologies, thus a comprehensive examinations to exclude child abuse are needed. The role of CMV infection should be considered as one of SDH etiology.

Enny Harliany Alwi

2009-09-01

165

Computerized tomography findings of acute traumatic epidural hematoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During four year period from April, 1977 to March, 1981, 53 cases with acute traumatic epidural hematoma had been encountered out of 430 acute head injured patients examined by computerized tomography (CT) within 24 hours after incurring the trauma. Besides the initial CT, the authors performed contrast enhanced CT (41 cases) and serial CT scanning (31 cases). There were 49 cases of epidural hematoma existing in the supratentorial region, Two cases infratentorial region and 2 cases in the both regions. Two cases of vertex epidural hematoma had been encountered, one of them required vertical scan technique. In 22 (41%) of the 53 patients, the initial CT showed evidence of other cerebral lesions. The most frequent lesion was pneumocephalus (11 cases), 3 cases of them existed in the epidural hematoma. There were also intracerebral hematoma (6 cases), subdural hematoma (4 cases), cerebral contusion (2 cases), intraventricular hemorrhage (2 cases) and 2 cases of them demonstrated ''diffuse traumatic cerebral injury''. During contrast enhanced CT, 11 cases out of 41 cases indicated several enhancement pattern. There were total enhancement of epidural hematoma (2 cases), partial enhancement of hematoma (2 cases) and enhancement of internal margin of hematoma (2 cases). Serial CT scans was performed in 36 out of the 53 patients. Common findings on the serial CT scans were decreased density collection in the subdural space such as subdural effusions or chronic subdural hematomas (8 cases) and enlargement of small epidural hematomas (3 cases). After evacuation of epidural hematoma, there were some cases showing the so-called ''delayed traumatic intracerebral hematoma'' (4 cases), appearance of other epidural hematoma (1 case) and development of small cerebral infarction in the basal ganglia. There was one case indicating appearance of a new epidural hematoma contra lateral to the side of evacuation of subdural hematoma. (J.P.N.).

Kobayashi, Shiro; Nakazawa, Shozo; Yokota, Hiroyuki; Yajima, Kouzo; Yano, Masami; Otsuka, Toshibumi

1984-12-01

166

Chronic subdural empyema and cranial vault osteomyelitis due to Salmonella paratyphi A  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Intracranial infections, especially subdural empyema, due to salmonella are rare. Subdural empyema caused by Salmonella paratyphi A has been documented only once earlier in the literature. Hence, we report a case of subdural empyema and osteomyelitis of cranial vault due to S. paratyphi A. A 42- year-old male presented with headache and purulent discharge from right parietal burr hole wound site. Patient gave a history of head injury two years ago. He underwent burr hole evacuation of chronic subdural haematoma, excision of outer membrane and right parietal craniectomy. The cultures grew S. paratyphi A. Recovery was uneventful following surgical intervention and antibiotic therapy.

Bhooshan P

2010-01-01

167

Clinical features, treatment and outcome of the acute subdural hematoma in JNTDB. Comparison between Project 1998 and Project 2004  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was clarify the clinical features, a change of the therapy and the effect, connection with the outcome of acute subdural hematoma registered on the Japan Neurotrauma Data Bank (JNTDB) presented in 1998 and 2004. Among those, 421 cases in P1998 and 380 cases in P2004 aged more than 6 years who presented with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 8 or less on admission and with acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) on CT findings were retrospectively analyzed. As for the age distribution, two peaks were seen in young aged 16-20 years and old aged 61-65 years. The ratio of the ASDH case in young cases (45 years) decreased compared with P1998. A ratio of traffic accidents decreased, and a ratio of the injury by the fall increased. Surgical treatment was performed to 63.2% (P2004), 65.1% (P1998), and was performed both projects most together by a 46-65 year-old case. Hematoma evacuation group increased to 21.1% from 14.5%, and a burr hole opening decreased to 17.1% (P2004) from 22.3% (P1998). The temperature management was performed to 41.2% (P2004), 20.5% (P1998), especially the younger cases (45 years) in P2004, the temperature management was performed to 56.2%. The overall mortality is 67.7% (P1998), and 54.5% (P2004). The mortality of the temperature management cases was decreased, but the favorable outcome group does not increase. In younger cases (45 years), the favorable outcome group improved to 47.1% (P2004) from 33.3% (P1998) in the hypothermia group, and i3% (P1998) in the hypothermia group, and improved to 45.5% (P2004) from 30.0% (P1998) in the normothermia group. Temperature management after surgical treatment was more common, used to 57.5% (P2004) and 29.2% (P1998). The rate of favorable outcome group tends to increase in the hypothermia and normothermia group with craniotomy, but the mortality was not seen in the difference with the no temperature management group. For the case that used temperature management with a burr hole opening, the effect was not clear. An outcome tends to be good for the case that used temperature management together with craniotomy and will require the accumulation of the further case in future. (author)

168

Rapid spontaneous resolution of acute subdural haematoma in a patient with chronic alcoholism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Acute subdural haematoma (ASDH) constitutes one of the most critical emergencies in neurosurgery. There are only several reports that show the rapid disappearance of ASDH without surgical intervention. We report a case of a 64-year-old alcoholic man who had a traumatic subdural haematoma after a fall from a height of about eight meters on level ground. The computed tomography (CT) of the brain on admission demonstrated a left parietooccipital ASDH. A follow-up CT scan after 8 hours showed resolution of the hematoma. The patient was discharged 9 days later with no neurological deficit. We discuss the possible mechanisms of the rapid resolution of the ASDH. PMID:22111954

Hadjigeorgiou, Georgios; Chamilos, Christos; Petsanas, Adamantios; Vranos, Georgios; Foteas, Pavlos; Spiridakis, Filokypros

2012-06-01

169

MRI (1,5 T) of traumatic extracerebral hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The advantages of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of subacute and chronic traumatic extracerebral hematomas are described. The characteristic changes in signal intensity for hematomas depend on the magnetic properties of hemoglobin and its derivatives, which shorten the relaxation times and decrease the homogeneity of the local magnetic field. MRI is superior in detecting and depicting the extent of small hematomas adjacent to the skull. Changes in signal intensity with time allow rough estimation of the age of a hematoma. Small hemorrhages were often found (missed by CT) that were contralateral to chronic subdural hematomas. (orig.)

170

Relationship between intracranial hypertension and cerebral blood flow after craniotomy in cases with traumatic acute subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study is to investigate relationship between the duration of initial intracranial hypertension and postoperative cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes in cases with traumatic acute subdural hematoma (ASDH). Intracerebral pressure (ICP) was monitored using ICP catheter in 17 cases with unilateral traumatic ASDH. ICP monitoring was started before craniotomy, and was continued for 7 days. CBF was quantitatively measured at 7 days after craniotomy with 123I-infetamine (IMP) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Clinical outcome was evaluated using Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) at the time of discharge. Patients were divided into 2 groups by the duration of intracranial hypertension: patients who presented with intracranial hypertension (>25 mmHg) and received surgical decompression within 6 hours after deterioration (group A, n=9), and patients who presented with intracranial hypertension and received surgical decompression more than 6 hours after deterioration (group B, n=6). In group A, 7 of 9 patients demonstrated ipsilateral hemispheric hyperperfusion, and the clinical outcome was relatively favorable: Good Recovery (GR) 4 cases, Moderately Disabled (MD) 4 cases, and Severely Disabled (SD) 1 case. In group B, 5 of 6 patients demonstrated ipsilateral hemispheric hypoperfusion, and the clinical outcome was unfavorable: SD 4 cases, and Dead 2 cases. These results suggest that the duration of intracranial hypertension affects on post intracranial hypertension affects on postoperative CBF changes. Duration of intracranial hypertension may also affect on clinical outcome directly, or secondary by altering postoperative CBF changes in patients with traumatic ASDH. (author)

171

Chronic spinal epidural hematoma in hemophilia A in a child  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of chronic spinal epidural hematoma in a thirteen-year-old male, subsequently found to have hemophilia A is reported. Following myelography, surgery was undertaken with clotting factor replacement with relief of cord compression. The patient made an uneventful recovery. (orig.)

172

Recurrence of chronic subdural haematomata with and without post-operative drainage  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Chronic subdural haematoma is a common disease causing morbidity and mortality. Recurrence after surgical treatment is common, varying from 5% to 30% of cases. Several methods for reducing recurrence have been advocated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of post-operative subdural drainage. Three hundred forty-four patients were included in a retrospective study. Treatment was performed by burr hole irrigation. Groups were separated into those with post-operative drainage compared to those without. Recurrence occurred in 14% in the drained group, significantly less than 26% in the undrained group (p=0.011). There were no differences in the complication rates. Post-operative drainage reduces recurrence of chronic subdural haematoma without increasing the complication rate. These results support those reported in several other studies. We recommend the use of post-operative subdural drainage.

Carlsen, Jakob G; Cortnum, SØren

2011-01-01

173

A case of chronic expanding hematoma resulting in fatal hemoptysis  

OpenAIRE

An 80-year-old woman presented with a huge intrathoracic mass which had increased in size over 4 years. Computed tomography showed a thick calcified capsule and early-enhanced streaks inside the mass. Needle biopsy aspirated pure blood and fibrous connective tissue. F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography showed moderate FDG uptake at the periphery with central photon defects. Gallium-67 scintigraphy showed no abnormal uptake. On suspicion of chronic expanding hematoma, we recomm...

Hata, Yoshinobu; Sakamoto, Susumu; Shiraga, Nobuyuki; Sato, Keita; Sato, Fumitomo; Otsuka, Hajime; Goto, Hidenori; Takagi, Keigo; Watanabe, Yoshinori

2012-01-01

174

Severe Acute Subdural Hemorrhage in a Patient With Glutaric Aciduria Type I After Minor Head Trauma: A Case Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Glutaric aciduria type I is a rare metabolic disorder caused by deficiency of glutaryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase. Chronic subdural hematomas have been reported in glutaric aciduria type I and are considered as important differential diagnosis of nonaccidental head trauma. However, chronic subdural hematomas are usually thought to remain clinically silent in these patients. Here we report on a hitherto asymptomatic glutaric aciduria type I patient who developed severe, acute subdural hemorrhage after minor accidental head injury at age 23 months. Computed tomography confirmed significant mass effect on the brain necessitating decompressive hemicraniectomy. Subdural hemorrhage caused large hypoxic lesions of the cerebral cortex and subcortical regions resulting in spastic tetraplegia, dystonia, and loss of developmental milestones. This report emphasizes that acute subdural hemorrhage may be a life-threatening complication in glutaric aciduria type I patients after minor head trauma and should be considered in those patients presenting with neurologic deterioration after accidental head injury. PMID:25038128

Zielonka, Matthias; Braun, Katrin; Bengel, Andreas; Seitz, Angelika; Kölker, Stefan; Boy, Nikolas

2014-07-17

175

Spontaneous subdural hematoma in a patient with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia with normal platelet count after dasatinib treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Dasatinib, which is an inhibitor of BCR-ABL and SRC family tyrosine kinases, is used for the treatment of patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) positive leukemia, especially for those who develop resistance or who are intolerant to imatinib. The most common adverse effects attributed to its use are: myelosuppression, nausea, diarrhea, and peripheral edema. Hemorrhage, which could be gastrointestinal, genitourinary or central nervous system, is a less frequent adverse effect. In this case, we report a patient affected by precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) positive for the Ph chromosome translocation treated with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) dasatinib. During the treatment with dasatinib the patient developed subdural hematoma (SDH). She did not have any head trauma, thrombocytopenia, coagulopathy or meningeal involvement, making dasatinib-induced platelet dysfunction the most likely cause of SDH. PMID:25025538

Mustafa Ali, Moaath K; Sabha, Marwa M; Al-Rabi, Kamal H

2014-07-15

176

Post-traumatic subdural hygroma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Introduction: Post-traumatic subdural hygroma (PSH) refers to a relatively common complication of blunt head trauma that consists in cerebrospinal fluid accumulation in the subdural space. Objectives and tasks: The aim of this case presentation is to briefly outline the clinical and imaging signs, the natural history and clinical significance of PSH. Material and methods: An 85-year-old, female patient was admitted to the emergency department with loss of consciousness after falling on the ground. The patient underwent an emergency head CT scan that didn't show any haemorrhagic findings or fractures and the woman was transferred to the Internal Medicine Department with the assumed diagnosis of an ischaemic cerebral stroke. Results: A new CT scan, 3 days later,confirmed the above diagnosis showing a low-density lesion in the area of left basal ganglia. The presence of an ipsilateral subdural parietal fluid accumulation with a density near to cerebrospinal fluid was also noticed. This new finding was compatible with PSH. Conclusion: PSH frequently appears as a late post-traumatic complication missing clinical attention. In most cases, it's treated conservatively because it's usually self-limited.Very rarely, PSH may be large enough to cause mass effect and may require surgical decompression. The entity should be differentiated from chronic subdural hematoma and cerebral atrophy with dilation of the subarachnoid spaces

177

Isolated III cranial nerve palsy: a surprising presentation of an acute on chronic subdural haematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many aetiologies have been associated with isolated oculomotor nerve palsies. They are ischaemic microangiopathy, posterior communicating artery aneurysm, uncal herniation, neoplasia, traumatic and inflammatory conditions. We report the case of a patient who presented with left oculomotor cranial nerve palsy with an associated large volume left acute on chronic subdural haematoma. Coincidentally, this woman was also found to have a recent history of herpes zoster ophthalmicus. PMID:23784767

Jalil, Muhammad Fahmi Abdul; Tee, Jin Wee; Han, Tiew

2013-01-01

178

Location of the chronic subdural haematoma: role of the gravity and cranial morphology.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chronic subdural haematoma (SDH) frequently originates from subdural hygroma (SDG). The cranial morphology can determine the location of SDG. Since SDG is the precursor of chronic SDH, the shapes of the cranium wall act an important role in location of chronic SDH. The authors tried to test this hypothesis. The computed tomographic scans or magnetic resonance images of 118 consecutive patients with chronic SDH were re-evaluated, and the symmetry of the cranium and location of the lesion were checked. The cranium was symmetrical in 55 patients (47%) and asymmetrical in 63 patients (53%). Chronic SDH was bilateral in 25 patients (21%) and unilateral in 93 patients (79%). It was more commonly bilateral in symmetrical craniums than in asymmetrical craniums (29.1% vs. 14.3%) (p = 0.0496). In 63 patients with asymmetric cranium, the chronic SDH was bilateral in nine patients, located on the opposite side of the flat side in 38 patients, and located on the same side of the flat side in 17 patients. This unequal distribution was statistically significant (p = 0.03). In four patients, the haematoma originated from the acute SDH located on the same side of the flat side. No reason could be found in the remaining 13 patients. Chronic SDH originating from SDG usually locates on the opposite to the flat side of the skull. The shape and posture of the cranium can predict the location of chronic SDH, as in the SDG. PMID:11201314

Lee, K S; Bae, W K; Yoon, S M; Doh, J W; Bae, H G; Yun, I G

2001-01-01

179

Hematoma subgaleal crónico en un lactante: Presentación de un caso / Chronic subgaleal hematoma in a child: Case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los hematomas subgaleales neonatales son colecciones sanguinolentas, localizadas entre la galea y el tejido conectivo epicraneal; con frecuencia son infradiagnosticados, y en la mayoría de las ocasiones guardan relación con determinados procedimientos obstétricos como el uso de fórceps o ventosa. En [...] general tienen poco volumen y suelen solucionarse espontáneamente. Ocasionalmente pueden alcanzar gran tamaño y ponen en riesgo la vida del recién nacido; excepcionalmente tienden a la cronificación siendo necesario para su tratamiento emplear procedimientos quirúrgicos. Exponemos el caso de una paciente menor de un año de edad que presenta un hematoma subgaleal secundario a parto asistido con ventosa y que precisó tratamiento quirúrgico. Abstract in english Neonatal subgaleal hematomas are under-diagnosed collections of blood beneath the galea, often caused by certain obstetric procedures such as use of forceps or vacuum. They generally have low volume and often resolve spontaneously. Occasionally, they can achieve a large volume and may endanger the l [...] ive of the affected newborns. Rarely, they become chronic and exceptionally they may require surgical treatment. We report the case of a child under one year of age who was referred to our department because of a subgaleal hematoma secondary to vacuum-assisted delivery that required surgical treatment.

J.M., Santín-Amo; M., Gelabert-González; J.M., Villa-Fernández; D., Castro-Bouzas; R., Serramito-García; A., García-Allut.

2011-06-01

180

Acute subdural hematoma and diffuse axonal injury in fatal road traffic accident victims: a clinico-pathological study of 15 patients / Hematoma subdural agudo e lesão axonal difusa em vítimas fatais de acidente de trânsito: estudo clínico-patológico de 15 pacientes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Embora o hematoma subdural agudo (HSDA) e a lesão axonal difusa (LAD) estejam frequentemente associados em vítimas de trauma crânio-encefálico causado por acidentes de trânsito, há somente dois estudos clínico-patológicos sobre esta associação. Relatamos o estudo clínico-patológico de 15 p [...] acientes com HSDA associado com LAD. MÉTODO: Os pacientes, vítimas de acidentes de trânsito, foram selecionados aleatoriamente. O estado de consciência à admissão hospitalar foi avaliado pela escala de coma de Glasgow. Para a identificação dos axônios, os cortes histológicos do cérebro foram corados com antisoro anti-proteínas do neurofilamento. RESULTADOS: Doze dos 15 pacientes foram admitidos no hospital em estado de coma; em três pacientes, o nível de consciência não foi avaliado, pois eles faleceram antes da admissão hospitalar. CONCLUSÃO: O pior prognóstico em pacientes com HSDA que apresentam coma imediatamente após serem admitidos por trauma crânio-encefálico, como descrito por vários autores, pode ser explicado pela quase que constante associação entre HSDA e LAD em vítimas fatais de acidentes de trânsito. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Although acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) and diffuse axonal injury (DAI) are commonly associated in victims of head injury due to road traffic accidents, there are only two clinico-pathological studies of this association. We report a clinical and pathological study of 15 patients with ASD [...] H associated with DAI. METHOD: The patients were victims of road traffic accidents and were randomly chosen. The state of consciousness on hospital admission was evaluated by the Glasgow coma scale. For the identification of axons the histological sections of the brain were stained with anti-neurofilament proteins. RESULTS: Twelve of the 15 patients were admitted to hospital in a state of coma; in three patients, the level of consciousness was not evaluated, as they died before hospital admission. CONCLUSION: The poorer prognosis in patients with ASDH who lapse into coma immediately after sustaining a head injury, as described by several authors, can be explained by the almost constant association between ASDH and DAI in victims of fatal road traffic accidents.

Sebastião Nataniel Silva, Gusmão; José Eymard Homem, Pittella.

2003-09-01

181

Subdural tuberculous abscess of the lumbar spine in a patient with chronic low back pain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Despite modern imaging methods, tuberculous abscess in the subdural space of the spine can lead to misdiagnosis and to neurogical complications development, even more up to paraplegia. We presented an extremely rare case of subdural tuberculous abscess of the lumbar (L spine and paraparesis in imunocompetent a 49-year-old patient. Case report. A patient with chronic L syndrome and a history of intervertebral (IV disc L3 and L5 operations got severe back pain late in July 2007. At the same time the patient had a purulent collection in the left knee, and was treated with high doses of corticosteroids and antibiotics. Then, the patient got a high fever, the amplification of pain in the L spine and the development of paraparesis. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 108 mm/1 h, Creactive protein 106.0 mg/L, white blood cell (WBC 38.4 x 09/L with a left turn. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the spine was registered expansive formation in the spinal canal, from the level of the IV disc L2 to the mid-L4 vertebral body. This finding is a “spoke” in favor of the extrusion and sequestration of IV disc L3 with the cranial and caudal migration. The patient underwent an emergency neurosurgical operation. The diagnosis of subdural staphylococcal abscess of L spine was made. According to the antibiogram antibiotic therapy was applied but without effect on the course of the disease. Control MRI of the L spine showed spondylodiscitis L3/L4, abscess collection in the spinal canal and paravertebral muscle abscess. Late in September 2007 the patient underwent needle biopsy of the L3 vertebral body guided by computed tomography and the acid-fast bacilli (AFB were found. Tuberculostatics were introduced in the therapy. Two years later the patient was without significant personal difficulties, and with normal clinical, laboratory and morphological findings. Conclusion. Subdural tuberculous abscess of the spine is extremely rare manifestation of spine tuberculosis. The exact and early diagnosis and adequate treatment of atypical form of spine tuberculosis are key factors of good prognosis.

Miki? Dragan

2012-01-01

182

Chronic subdural hematoma in a child with acute myeloid leukemia after leukocytosis  

OpenAIRE

Severe complications that develop in the early stages in patients with acute leukemia have a mortal course. Bleeding, leukostasis, and less frequently, infections are responsible for early mortality. Hemorrhage is most common in acute leukemia and usually leads to death. Hemorrhage may occur due to chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation in patients with acute leukemia. Leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, sepsis, and coagulopathy increase the risk of bleeding. There may be multiple etiologic ...

Basmaci, Mehmet; Hasturk, Askin E.

2012-01-01

183

Long-term measurement of impedance in chronically implanted depth and subdural electrodes during responsive neurostimulation in humans.  

Science.gov (United States)

Long-term stability of the electrode-tissue interface may be required to maintain optimal neural recording with subdural and deep brain implants and to permit appropriate delivery of neuromodulation therapy. Although short-term changes in impedance at the electrode-tissue interface are known to occur, long-term changes in impedance have not previously been examined in detail in humans. To provide further information about short- and long-term impedance changes in chronically implanted electrodes, a dataset from 191 persons with medically intractable epilepsy participating in a trial of an investigational responsive neurostimulation device (the RNS(®) System, NeuroPace, Inc.) was reviewed. Monopolar impedance measurements were available for 391 depth and subdural leads containing a total of 1564 electrodes; measurements were available for median 802 days post-implant (range 28-1634). Although there were statistically significant short-term impedance changes, long-term impedance was stable after one year. Impedances for depth electrodes transiently increased during the third week after lead implantation and impedances for subdural electrodes increased over 12 weeks post-implant, then were stable over the subsequent long-term follow-up. Both depth and subdural electrode impedances demonstrated long-term stability, suggesting that the quality of long-term electrographic recordings (the data used to control responsive brain stimulation) can be maintained over time. PMID:23538208

Sillay, Karl A; Rutecki, Paul; Cicora, Kathy; Worrell, Greg; Drazkowski, Joseph; Shih, Jerry J; Sharan, Ashwini D; Morrell, Martha J; Williams, Justin; Wingeier, Brett

2013-09-01

184

Chronic ossified epidural hematoma after ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chronic calcified/ossified epidural hematoma is an uncommon complication of ventricular shunt surgery. There are only 4 cases related to valve-regulated shunt operations in the literature. It may be seen especially in young patients with chronic hydrocephalus, probably due to craniocerebral disproportion. The precise mechanism of the calcification or ossification of the hematoma is not known, however, the dura mater seems to play a part in this process. A 17-year-old girl with triventricular hydrocephalus was treated with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt system including a medium pressure flow control valve. She was admitted with a complaint of severe headache after three years and a bifrontal calcified/ossified epidural hematoma was seen. The calcifying hematoma was removed and the patient's headache resolved. Although the use of high or medium pressure valves, valves with an antisiphon device, adjustable pressure valves or flow control valves have been recommended to prevent this complication in previous reports, it was seen that our case had been treated with a medium pressure flow control valve. PMID:20963703

Sey?thanoglu, Hakan; Guzey, Feyza Karagoz; Emel, Erhan; Ozkan, Nezih; Aycan, Abdurrahman

2010-10-01

185

Differentiation of subdural effusions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although X-ray computerized tomography facilitates the diagnosis of intracranial disorders, differentiation of the lesions like extracerebral effusions is often unsatisfactory. Epidural and acute subdural haematoma shown as hyperdensity in CT requires an emergency neurosurgical operation, so that differentiation of these hyperdense effusions may not be required. But the discrimination of the effusions shown as hypodensity in CT (chronic subdural haematoma, subdural hygroma, subdural empyema as well as arachnoid cysts) is urgent because of the different treatment of these effusions. The clinical differentiation is hampered by unspecific neurologic symptoms and the lack of adequate laboratory tests. Some aspects facilitating the diagnostic decision are presented. Recent magnetic resonance (MR) studies promise further progress in differentiating between subdural effusions. (orig.)

186

Chronic Expanding Hematoma of the Adrenal Gland Mimicking a Hemangioma: A Case Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report a rare case of unilateral chronic expanding hematoma in the left adrenal gland, mimicking a hemangioma on multiphase computed tomography (CT). On CT, the mass showed several enhancing foci of irregular and frond-like shape in the periphery at the hepatic arterial phase and gradual fill-in pattern at the portal venous phase, which was similar with the enhancement pattern of hemangioma.

Lee, Hyun Jung; Kim, Min Jeong; Ha, Hong Il; Lee, In Jae; Lee, Kwan Seop; Seo, Jin Won [Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang (Korea, Republic of); Yeo, Seung Gu [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

2013-04-15

187

Traumatic (para)interhemispheric hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One interhemispheric subdural hematoma and two parainterhemispheric intracerebral hematomas diagnosed with CT-scan (Hitachi) are reported. The clinical pictures and the mechanism of occurrence of hematoma in these particular regions are discussed. Because of the peculiar hematoma it is necessary to take CT-scan up to the vertex when monoparesis or hemiparesis of the leg, which is more prominent in the leg, are noticed after the head injury. Brain atrophy might be related to the occurrence of hematoma in these peculiar regions after the head injury. (author)

188

Subperiosteal hematoma of the iliac bone: imaging features of acute and chronic stages with emphasis on pathophysiology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The goal of this work is to describe the radiological appearance and clinical presentation of subperiosteal iliac hematoma and present a review of the literature. We retrospectively reviewed the radiological and clinical files of 19 patients (age range: 12-75; mean: 47) who presented with acute or chronic subperiosteal iliac hematomas. Imaging findings and relevant clinical information were recorded. A thorough literature search was performed to find additional cases of this rare condition. Three young patients presented with acute subperiosteal iliac hematoma following a fall. Clinical presentation was characterized by pain and gait disturbance presumed to result from crural nerve compression. Unilateral or bilateral lenticular hematomas deep in the iliacus muscle were demonstrated by CT for all patients while MRI was also available for two of them. In 16 asymptomatic patients, chronic ossified subperiosteal iliac hematomas were incidentally detected by CT. Progressive ossification of acute hematoma was demonstrated at follow-up in two patients. Subperiosteal iliac hematoma is rare but has typical imaging findings that may present acutely in adolescents or chronically in asymptomatic adults. (orig.)

Guillin, Raphael [Rennes University Hospital, Department of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Rennes Cedex 2 (France); Moser, Thomas [Montreal University Hospital, Department of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Montreal (Canada); Koob, Meriam [Strasbourg University Hospital, Department of Pediatric Imaging, Strasbourg (France); Khoury, Viviane [Mc Gill University Health center, Department of Radiology, Montreal (Canada); Chapuis, Madeleine [Rennes University Hospital, Department of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, Rennes (France); Ropars, Mickael [Rennes University Hospital, Department of orthopedic surgery, Rennes (France); Cardinal, Etienne [Radiologie Laennec, Montreal (Canada)

2012-06-15

189

Subdural hygroma in association with middle fossa arachnoid cyst: acetazolamide therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intracranial arachnoid cysts are cerebrospinal fluid-filled collections between arachnoid layers. While many are silent, arachnoid cysts can become symptomatic if there is sudden expansion, haemorrhage or rupture with the development of subdural hygroma or subdural hematoma. Several studies have demonstrated the association of arachnoid cysts with subdural hygroma and subdural hematoma. We describe a 9-year-old girl with a moderate-sized middle-fossa arachnoid cyst and bilateral frontal subdural hygroma presenting with raised intracranial pressure. She was treated with acetazolamide which resulted in resolution of the subdural hygroma and relief of symptomatology. PMID:9761002

Choong, C T; Lee, S H

1998-08-01

190

[Surgical outcome of 32 cases in traumatic subdural hygroma].  

Science.gov (United States)

32 cases of traumatic subdural hygroma (TSH) in adults with surgical treatment were retrospectively investigated by means by clinical features and CT findings. The cases consisted of 29 males and 3 females, aged 41 to 87 years (mean 69). Preparative CT scan of all cases revealed low density area and crescent shape in frontotemporal or frontoparietal subdural space. Half of the cases had bilateral lesions. At operation of TSH, color of subdural fluid collections was more water clear or xanthochromic than bloody. As a results, 22 out of 32 cases (69%) in TSH improved with surgical treatment. Many of effective cases of surgical treatment in TSH had short interval from trauma to operation and light disturbance of consciousness before operation. However, the other intracranial damage will also affect the clinical outcome of TSH, because the majority of cases in this study was accompanied by an intracranial damage including cerebral contusion, subarachnoid hemorrhage or intracranial hemorrhage. Nevertheless, surgical management for TSH was so effective that the operation should be undergone sooner interval from trauma, simultaneously considering the another intracranial lesions except TSH. But then, we experienced 7 cases (22%) of ventricular dilatation and 5 cases (16%) of chronic subdural hematoma in postoperative follow up CT scans. In 5 cases among the former, ventriculoperitonial shunt was done, and in 3 cases among the latter, burr hole evacuation was performed. Therefore, the postoperative course of TSH should require careful observation by CT scan and so on. PMID:1296733

Asano, Y; Hasuo, M; Takahashi, I; Shimosawa, S

1992-12-01

191

Subdural hemorrhage: A unique case involving secondary vitamin K deficiency bleeding due to biliary atresia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) is a rare disease characterized by progressive and obliterative cholangiopathy in infants and is one of the major causes of secondary vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) due to cholestasis-induced fat malabsorption. Breast feeding increases the tendency of bleeding in EHBA patients because breast milk contains low amounts of vitamin K. A 2-month-old female infant unexpectedly died, with symptoms of vomiting and jaundice prior to death. She had been born by uncomplicated vaginal delivery and exhibited normal growth and development with breastfeeding. There was no history of trauma. She received vitamin K prophylaxis orally. In an emergency hospital, a CT scan showed a right intracranial hematoma and mass effect with midline shift to the left. In the postmortem examination, severe atresia was observed in the whole extrahepatic bile duct. Histologically, cholestasis, periductal fibrosis, and distorted bile ductules were noted. The gallbladder was not identified. A subdural hematoma and cerebellar tonsillar herniation were found; however, no traumatic injury in any part of the body was observed. Together, these findings suggest that the subdural hemorrhage was caused by secondary vitamin K deficiency resulting from a combination of cholestasis-induced fat malabsorption and breastfeeding. Subdural hemorrhage by secondary VKDB sometimes occurs even when vitamin K prophylaxis is continued. This case demonstrated that intrinsic factors, such as secondary VKDB (e.g., EHBA, neonatal hepatitis, chronic diarrhea), should also be considered in infant autopsy cases presenting with subdural hemorrhage. PMID:22607980

Miyao, Masashi; Abiru, Hitoshi; Ozeki, Munetaka; Kotani, Hirokazu; Tsuruyama, Tatsuaki; Kobayashi, Naho; Omae, Tadaki; Osamura, Toshio; Tamaki, Keiji

2012-09-10

192

Bilateral subdural haematomata and lumbar pseudomeningocele due to a chronic leakage of liquor cerebrospinalis after a lumbar discectomy with the application of ADCON-L gel  

OpenAIRE

We report on a patient who underwent lumbar disc surgery with application of ADCON-L gel. Postoperatively he suffered from acute headache, nausea, and vomiting. A lumbar pseudomeningocele was demonstrated on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Furthermore, cranial MRI revealed bilateral, chronic subdural haematomata which indicated intracranial hypotension syndrome or continuous leakage of cerebrospinal fluid at the lumbar site.

Kuhn, J.; Hofmann, B.; Knitelius, H.; Coenen, H.; Bewermeyer, H.

2005-01-01

193

Subdural Empyema.  

Science.gov (United States)

Subdural empyema represents loculated infection between the outermost layer of the meninges, the dura, and the arachnoid. The empyema may develop intracranially or in the spinal canal. Intracranial subdural empyema is most frequently a complication of sinusitis or, less frequently, otitis or neurosurgical procedures. Spinal subdural empyema is rare and may result from hematogenous infection or spread of infection from osteomyelitis. The most common organisms in intracranial subdural empyema are anaerobic and microaerophilic streptococci, in particular those of the Streptococcus milleri group (S. milleri and Streptococcus anginosus). Staphylococcus aureus is present in a minority of cases, and multiple additional organisms, including Gram-negative organisms, such as Escherichia coli, and anaerobic organisms, such as Bacteroides, may be present. Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Staphylococcus epidermidis may be present in cases related to neurosurgical procedures, and Salmonella species have been detected in patients with advanced AIDS; multiple organisms may be present simultaneously. Spinal subdural empyemas are almost invariably caused by streptococci or by S. aureus. Subdural empyema--whether it occurs in the skull or the spinal canal--may cause rapid compression of the brain or spinal cord, and represents an extreme medical and neurosurgical emergency. The diagnostic procedure of choice for intracranial and spinal subdural empyema is MRI with gadolinium enhancement. Computed tomography scan may miss intracranial subdural empyemas detectable by MRI. Conversely, occasion spinal subdural empyemas may be detected by CT myelography where MRI is negative. Treatment in virtually all cases of intracranial or spinal subdural empyema requires prompt surgical drainage and antibiotic therapy. Pus from the empyema should always be sent for anaerobic, as well as aerobic, culture. Because intracranial subdural empyemas may contain multiple organisms, provisional antibiotic therapy of intracranial subdural empyema, where the organism is unknown, should be directed against S. aureus, microaerophilic and anaerobic streptococci, and Gram-negative organisms. Antibiotics should include 1) nafcillin, oxacillin, or vancomycin; plus 2) a third generation cephalosporin; plus 3) metronidazole. Provisional antibiotic therapy of spinal subdural empyemas should be directed against S. aureus and streptococci, and should include nafcillin, oxacillin, or vancomycin. Morbidity and mortality in intracranial and spinal subdural empyema relate directly to the delay in institution of therapy. Both conditions should, thus, be treated with great urgency. PMID:12521560

Greenlee, John E.

2003-01-01

194

Isodense subdural haematomas on CT: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MRI findings are described in two patients with subdural haematomas isodense on CT. In one patient, admitted 6 weeks after trauma, a chronic subdural haematoma showed extreme hypointensity on T2-weighted images, suggesting acute trauma, and therefore acute rebleeding. In the second patient with severe anaemia, an acute subdural haematoma was hyperintense on T2-weighted images, suggesting chronic trauma; this may be explained by the low haematocrit and a possible mixture of blood with cerebrospinal fluid. The MRI features of subdural haematomas and hygromas have to be kept in mind, in order not to misjudge the age of the haematoma. (orig.)

195

Isodense subdural haematomas on CT: MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

MRI findings are described in two patients with subdural haematomas isodense on CT. In one patient, admitted 6 weeks after trauma, a chronic subdural haematoma showed extreme hypointensity on T2-weighted images, suggesting acute trauma, and therefore acute rebleeding. In the second patient with severe anaemia, an acute subdural haematoma was hyperintense on T2-weighted images, suggesting chronic trauma; this may be explained by the low haematocrit and a possible mixture of blood with cerebrospinal fluid. The MRI features of subdural haematomas and hygromas have to be kept in mind, in order not to misjudge the age of the haematoma. (orig.).

Wilms, G.; Marchal, G.; Geusens, E.; Raaijmakers, C. (Univ. Hospitals K.U. Leuven (Belgium). Dept. of Radiology); Calenbergh, F. van; Goffin, J.; Plets, C. (Univ. Hospitals K.U. Leuven (Belgium). Dept. of Neurosurgery)

1992-11-01

196

Hematoma and MR imaging at 0.15 T. A review of 100 cases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One hundred hematomas were examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 0.15 T, all explored in SEpT1 and most in SEpT2. The number of cases examined in the acute phase during the first 48 hours was low: 8 cases. At this SEpT1 period the hematoma appears of elevated signal with good muscle contrast but without contrast in hepatic and cerebral parenchyma. In a weighted T2 sequence, the intense signals of cerebral edema and plasma or serum enables detection of the encephalic lesion. Findings from 68 hematomas observed in the subacute or chronic phase suggest that their appearance is pathognomonic with visualization in SEpT1 of a crown of an intense signal at least equal to that of fat. The only difficulty at this period is the discovery of a hematoma within the fat: orbital, retroperitoneal... The collection of a subdural hematoma usually appears homogeneous, the intensity of the signal varying with red cell concentration and time. In the soft tissues, the intensity of signal is a function of concentration of hemoglobin and its derivatives and of volume of serious effusion. Images of 24 hematomas during the sequelae phase confirmed the appearance of a ''biochemical shell'' without signal in SEpT2 and allowed detection of the hematic contents of an occupying process even after long periods, sometimes after one year

197

Hematoma and MR imaging at 0. 15 T. A review of 100 cases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

One hundred hematomas were examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 0.15 T, all explored in SEpT/sub 1/ and most in SEpT/sub 2/. The number of cases examined in the acute phase during the first 48 hours was low: 8 cases. At this SEpT/sub 1/ period the hematoma appears of elevated signal with good muscle contrast but without contrast in hepatic and cerebral parenchyma. In a weighted T/sub 2/ sequence, the intense signals of cerebral edema and plasma or serum enables detection of the encephalic lesion. Findings from 68 hematomas observed in the subacute or chronic phase suggest that their appearance is pathognomonic with visualization in SEpT/sub 1/ of a crown of an intense signal at least equal to that of fat. The only difficulty at this period is the discovery of a hematoma within the fat: orbital, retroperitoneal... The collection of a subdural hematoma usually appears homogeneous, the intensity of the signal varying with red cell concentration and time. In the soft tissues, the intensity of signal is a function of concentration of hemoglobin and its derivatives and of volume of serious effusion. Images of 24 hematomas during the sequelae phase confirmed the appearance of a ''biochemical shell'' without signal in SEpT/sub 2/ and allowed detection of the hematic contents of an occupying process even after long periods, sometimes after one year.

Cosnard, G.; Jeanbourquin, D.; Blanc, A.M.; Perfettini, C.; Iba Zizen, M.T.; Cabanis, E.A.

1987-05-01

198

Subdural haemorrhage following endoscopic third ventriculostomy. A rare complication.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Subdural collections or hematomas are frequently observed after shunt placement [7-9, 13], but rarely after ETV [6]. A review of literature revealed 7 cases [1, 5, 6, 10, 12], of which only 1 was symptomatic [5]. We will discuss the causes, management, and methods of prevention of this complication and we will present a case of symptomatic subdural haematoma, following endoscopic third ventriculostomy for illustration.

Kamel, M H

2012-02-03

199

Subdural empyema in chronic suppurative otitis media: a rarely encountered complication  

OpenAIRE

Here the authors describe the case of a 23-year-old young woman with life-threatening focal suppurative intracranial collection with brain compression secondary to long forgotten chronic suppurative otitis media. With the development and availability of broad-spectrum antibiotics and their timely usage, cases of suppurative otitis media are a rarity in the current times.

Gupta, Monica; Singh, Kamal; Lehl, S. S.

2011-01-01

200

A Clinico-dynamic study of acute traumatic intracerebral hematoma by means of CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

After the introduction of CT (HITACHI CT-H) in February, 1977, we have examined 11 cases of traumatic intracerebral hematoma (ICH). From the CT findings, including repeat CT scans within a short period, we have classified these cases into four groups. The first group included three cases whose CT revealed a large hematoma. The hematomas were removed immediately, obtaining good results. The second group included three cases whose initial CT revealed a small ICH, but whose repeat CT disclosed a large one, with a deterioration of the clinical state. They were operated on, with good results. The third group consisted of four cases whose ICH developed out of cerebral contusion. Three cases were diagnosed initially as cerebral contusion, but later CT scans revealed large hematomas within the contused areas. Two of them were operated on, with good results. The fourth group consisted of one case whose CT showed and ICH and a large chronic subdural hematoma (SDH). Most of his symptoms disappeared upon only the evacuation of the SDH. From these experiences, we realized especially that repeat CT scanning within a short period was extremely valuable for the management of an acute head injury when the patient became worse under conservative treatment. (author)

201

Hematoma espinal Spinal hematoma  

OpenAIRE

El hematoma epidural espinal es un hallazgo poco frecuente en la práctica médica. Se presenta un caso de una paciente portadora en la región dorsal, donde su forma de presentación también se consideró muy inhabitual y confusa; esta debutó con un dolor precordial con irradiación del brazo izquierdo, la espalda y el estómago, instaurándose después una mielitis transversa dorsal. Se presenta el resultado de la resonancia magnética nuclear dorsal, con consideraciones diagnósticas de ...

Antonio Javier García Medina; Grecia María Giniebra Marín; Juan Carlos Bermejo Sánchez

2013-01-01

202

Acute enlargement of subdural hygroma due to subdural hemorrhage in a victim of child abuse.  

Science.gov (United States)

An 11-month-old female baby was found dead by her mother. Cranial postmortem CT prior to the forensic autopsy showed dilatation of bilateral extra-axial spaces and ventricles. The autopsy revealed a new linear fracture of the left parietal bone and occipital bone, and a healed linear fracture of the right parietal bone and occipital bone like a mirror image of the left one as well. Intracranially, 230ml of subdural fluid were collected, which was mixed with blood. There was a fresh hemorrhage around a bridging vein of the left parietal lobe and the dura mater. Moreover, the outer side of the cerebrum and the inner side of the dura mater were covered by a thin membrane, which mater might have been previously formed because of being positive for Fe-staining and anti-CD68 antibody. A subdural hematoma might have been developed when the right side of the skull was previously fractured, which was transformed into a subdural hygroma. Subsequently, it is likely that, after the left side fracture of the skull occurred, the subdural hygroma rapidly enlarged due to hemorrhaging from the bridging vein, which resulted in intracranial hypertension, because microbleeding was detected in the brain stem. Accordingly, we diagnosed the cause and manner of death as intracranial hypertension due to subdural hemorrhage in subdural hygroma, and homicide, including child abuse, respectively. PMID:25457269

Inoue, Hiromasa; Hyodoh, Hideki; Watanabe, Satoshi; Okazaki, Shunichiro; Mizuo, Keisuke

2014-10-22

203

2-[18?F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG positron-emission tomography (PET findings of chronic expanding intrapericardial hematoma: a potential interpretive pitfall that mimics a malignant tumor  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract A 77-year-old man who had undergone mitral valve replacement 5 years previously presented with an intrapericardial mass. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed that the mass lesion contained hematoma components. Positron-emission tomography (PET with 2-[18?F] fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG revealed uptake in the peripheral rim of the mass. These findings suggested the presence of hematoma associated with a malignant lesion. Surgical resection was performed, and the histological diagnosis was chronic expanding intrapericardial hematoma without neoplastic changes. Chronic expanding intrapericardial hematoma is a rare disease but should be considered when an expanding mass is found in a patient after cardiac surgery. The FDG-PET findings of chronic expanding hematomas, including FDG uptake in the peripheral rim of the mass as a result of inflammation, should be recognized as a potential interpretive pitfall that mimics a malignant tumor.

Tokue Hiroyuki

2013-01-01

204

Subdural abscess in infant and child  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two cases of subdural abscess in infant and child treated with irrigation via burr holes were reported. The first case was a 1.4-year-old boy with right hemiparesis and mental retardation since severe head trauma at 9 months old. The patient with manifested with an acute onset of high fever followed by disturbance of consciousness and convulsive seizures 2.5 months prior to admission to our department. During admission in the other hospital, the diagnosis of septicemia caused by E. coli was made by blood cultures when CT scan demonstrated a huge lentiform low density area over the right hemisphere and contralateral crescent low density area. The low density area on the right side was well circumscribed by high density rim which was enhanced by contrast medium. Under the diagnosis of bilateral subdural abscess secondary to septicemia caused by E. coli, irrigation of the purulent cavity was carried out. The contralateral low density area was found to be chronic subdural effusion. The second case of 3-month-old infant who complained of high fever, neck stiffness, unconsciousness and right hemiconvulsions 8 days prior to admission. CT scan showed bilateral crescent low density areas indicating subdural effusion. Subdural punctures performed via the fontanelle revealed pus in the left subdural space and xanthocromic fluid in the right side. The low density area on CT scan was changed to the lentiform high density area circumscribed smooth high density rim during the course smooth high density rim during the course of the patient. The subdural abscess was treated with irrigation via burr holes. In this report, the etiology of the subdural abscess and route of infection in addition to follow up study of CT findings were presented with the literature. (author)

205

Subdural hygroma as a complication of endoscopic neurosurgery--two case reports.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two cases of subdural hygroma occurred in a series of 77 neuroendoscopic procedures. An 8-year-old boy underwent neuroendoscopic cysto-cisternostomy of a left temporal arachnoid cyst. Routine postoperative magnetic resonance imaging 7 days later showed a large left-sided subdural hygroma without clinical symptoms. During the following 3 months, the subdural hygroma did not resolve spontaneously, so it was drained through a burr hole. A 3-month-old boy with aqueductal stenosis developed bilateral subdural hygromas after third ventriculostomy. Several punctures through the open anterior fontanelle relieved the hygromas but increasing head circumference required ventriculoperitoneal shunting 12 months later. Complications of neuroendoscopic procedures are increasingly reported, including various kinds of bleeding, infections, or damage of neuronal tissue. Only three previous cases of subdural hygroma or hematoma after neuroendoscopic interventions have been reported. The possible etiologies and clinical consequences of this rare complication have to be considered before selecting neuroendoscopy treatment. PMID:12513028

Freudenstein, Dirk; Wagner, Alexandra; Ernemann, Ulrike; Duffner, Frank

2002-12-01

206

[Kernohan-Woltman notch phenomenon secondary to a cranial epidural hematoma].  

Science.gov (United States)

Kernohan-Woltman notch phenomenon is a paradoxical neurological manifestation which involves a motor deficit on the same side as the primary brain injury. It is produced mainly by acute or chronic subdural hematomas, and less frequently by post-traumatic epidural ones. It should be taken into consideration in cases of ipsilateral motor deficit, as it may lead to surgical procedures being performed on the incorrect side. We report the case of a 40 year old man who sustained a major head injury which was followed by a decreased level of consciousness and anisocoria. Computed tomography of the brain revealed a frontal and parietal epidural hematoma with right midline shift and uncal herniation. Craniotomy and drainage of the hematoma was performed, and on the sixth day after surgery it was observed that the patient had a brachio-crural right hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an ischemic area on the left capsule and cerebral peduncle consistent with the diagnosis of Kernohan-Woltman notch phenomenon. PMID:23809681

Mejía Kattah, J; Vilá Barriuso, E; García Bernedo, C; Gallart Gallego, L

2014-01-01

207

Hematoma Vulvar  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Paciente de Sexo femenino de 29 anos de edad acudio a consulta externa del Hospital “German Urquidi” por dolor y molestia en region peri vulvar, diagnosticándose “hematoma vulvar” de causa obstétrica (Laceracion de trayecto, mala técnica de sutura de episiotomia.

Andrea W. Choque Campero

2012-06-01

208

Traumatic rupture of arachnoid cyst with subdural hygroma  

Science.gov (United States)

Intracranial arachnoid cysts developing in relation to the cerebral hemispheres and middle cranial fossa are usually incidental or asymptomatic. However, most of the clinically active cysts present with seizures because of chronic compression. Presentation as raised intracranial pressure due to cyst rupture into the subdural space is a rare clinical entity. We herein present a case of an asymptomatic arachnoid cyst with rupture into the subdural space bilaterally and presenting as raised intracranial pressure. PMID:22837775

Rajesh, A.; Bramhaprasad, V.; Purohit, A. K.

2012-01-01

209

Idiopathic Hypertrophic Cranial Pachymeningitis Misdiagnosed as Acute Subtentorial Hematoma  

OpenAIRE

A case of idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis (IHCP) misdiagnosed as an acute subdural hematoma is reported. A 37-year-old male patient presented with headache following head trauma 2 weeks earlier. Computerized tomography showed a diffuse high-density lesion along the left tentorium and falx cerebri. Initial chest X-rays revealed a small mass in the right upper lobe with right lower pleural thickening, which suggested lung cancer, such as an adenoma or mediastinal metastasis. Dur...

Park, Ik-seong; Kim, Hoon; Chung, Eun Yong; Cho, Kwang Wook

2010-01-01

210

Rotura de quiste aracnoideo tras traumatismo craneoencefálico leve: Exposición de un caso y revisión de la literatura Traumatic rupture of arachnoid cyst resulting in acute subdural haematoma: Case report and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La presencia de un hematoma subdural (HSD en personas ancianas no constituye un hallazgo inusual, aunque puede ser objeto de complejas consideraciones medicolegales cuando se produce el fallecimiento tras un traumatismo leve reciente. Presentamos el caso de una mujer adulta añosa (87 años que es asistida en un servicio de urgencia hospitalario tras sufrir traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE por caída en una residencia de la tercera edad, al presentar deterioro progresivo del nivel de conciencia y anisocoria transcurridas varias horas desde el trauma. Se practica tomografía axial computerizada (TAC craneal sin contraste donde se aprecian lesiones compatibles con HSD crónico con resangrado. El estudio neuropatológico pone de manifiesto la existencia de un HSD agudo sobre quiste aracnoideo roto, hipertensión intracraneal, enclavamiento y hemorragias compatibles con daño axonal difuso grado III.The presence of a subdural hematoma (SDH in aging people is not uncommon, although it can be the cause of complex medicolegal deliberations when death occurs after a recent head trauma. We present the case of an old woman (87 years old who is attended in a hospital emergency service after suffering a fall with closed head injury, because of progressive stupor and anisocoria several hours later. A chronic SDH with new hemorrhage was diagnosed in a cranial computerized tomography (CT without contrast. The neuropathological examination showed an acute SDH, arachnoid cyst elements, raised intracraneal pressure lesions with Duret hemorrhage and hemorrhages characteristic of grade III diffuse axonal injury.

F. Moreno Cantero

2005-01-01

211

Rotura de quiste aracnoideo tras traumatismo craneoencefálico leve: Exposición de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Traumatic rupture of arachnoid cyst resulting in acute subdural haematoma: Case report and literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La presencia de un hematoma subdural (HSD) en personas ancianas no constituye un hallazgo inusual, aunque puede ser objeto de complejas consideraciones medicolegales cuando se produce el fallecimiento tras un traumatismo leve reciente. Presentamos el caso de una mujer adulta añosa (87 años) que es a [...] sistida en un servicio de urgencia hospitalario tras sufrir traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE) por caída en una residencia de la tercera edad, al presentar deterioro progresivo del nivel de conciencia y anisocoria transcurridas varias horas desde el trauma. Se practica tomografía axial computerizada (TAC) craneal sin contraste donde se aprecian lesiones compatibles con HSD crónico con resangrado. El estudio neuropatológico pone de manifiesto la existencia de un HSD agudo sobre quiste aracnoideo roto, hipertensión intracraneal, enclavamiento y hemorragias compatibles con daño axonal difuso grado III. Abstract in english The presence of a subdural hematoma (SDH) in aging people is not uncommon, although it can be the cause of complex medicolegal deliberations when death occurs after a recent head trauma. We present the case of an old woman (87 years old) who is attended in a hospital emergency service after sufferin [...] g a fall with closed head injury, because of progressive stupor and anisocoria several hours later. A chronic SDH with new hemorrhage was diagnosed in a cranial computerized tomography (CT) without contrast. The neuropathological examination showed an acute SDH, arachnoid cyst elements, raised intracraneal pressure lesions with Duret hemorrhage and hemorrhages characteristic of grade III diffuse axonal injury.

F., Moreno Cantero; MP., Suárez Mier; L., Abad Ortiz.

2005-01-01

212

Extracerebral hematoma and parenchymal lesion in computerized tomography of pediatric patients with severe head injury  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifty children (13 years of age or under) with acute, severe head injury were analyzed, with special reference to the relations between initial computerized tomography (CT) findings, clinical severity, and outcome. The severity and the outcome were evaluated using the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), respectively, adoption of GCS scoring being restricted to patients 3 years of age or over. Twenty-three patients (46 %) showed extracerebral hematomas. The most common extracerebral hematoma was the acute subdural hematoma, which comprised 24 % of the cases; epidural hematomas were found in 9 cases (18 %). These figures coincided with the reported results of adult cases in severe head injury. All the epidural hematoma cases showed ''normal'' parenchymal lesion, and carried less clinical severity and better outcome. This might suggest that more trivial injury would cause the epidural hematoma in children than in adults. Hemispheric swelling was commonly seen in patients with acute subdural hematoma and was generally associated with low GCS scores (mean 4.8) and poor outcome (63 % mortality). Compared with that in adults, hemorrhagic lesion in children was less often associated with extracerebral hematoma, and the outcome and severity of the cases with this lesion depended mainly on the multiplicity and the location of the hemorrhage. Eleven cases fulfilled the criteria of diffuse cerebral swelling, namely, slit-like ventricles and obliterated perimesencephalic cisterns, and only one had an associated subdural hematoma. Forty-two patients (84 %) achieved a good recovery or a moderate disability. None were severely disabled or vegetative, and the overall mortality rate was 16 %. Patients with GCS scores of 3 to 5 were uniformly poor in outcome (60 % of mortality), regardless of parenchymal lesions, whereas those with GCS scores of 6 to 8 had only 8 % mortality. (J.P.N.)

213

Non-traumatic subdural hygroma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Subdural hygroma consists of a cerebrospinal fluid-like subdural fluid collection with a low oncotic pressure in comparison with venous blood. Its etiology and pathophysiology, which may be different from other subdural fluid collections, are reviewed. We report the clinical history of a 80-year-old woman with a bilateral frontal subdural hygroma. Serial CT-scanning demonstrated a rapid increase in volume after two years of slow evolution. In our patient dehydration may have been the triggering factor. The course of non-traumatic subdural hygroma is not well known. This report illustrates that subdural hygroma can have a dramatic evolution and that therapeutic decisions in these patients should be based on repeated CT-scans. PMID:2517182

Dierckx, R A; Bruyland, M; Nuyens, Z; Stadnik, T; Solheid, C; Ebinger, G

1989-01-01

214

Spinal epidural hematomas examined on MRI; Krwiaki nadtwardowkowe, wewnatrzkanalowe w badaniu metoda MR  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Spinal epidural hematomas are rare pathology, caused by trauma or spontaneous. In clinical examination acute spinal cord compression is observed. MRI designations appear entirely particular. In sagittal projection, biconvex mass in the dorsal, or sometimes ventral part of the spinal canal is clearly visible. This is well delineated by the thecal sac from the cord and cauda equina. MRI investigations in 3 patients revealed corresponding with spinal bone injuries and cord edema epidural hematomas. Differential diagnosis must contain subdural hematoma and epidural neoplasms or abscess. (author) 8 refs, 3 figs

Rejnowski, G.; Poniatowska, R.; Kozlowski, P. [Zaklad Neuroradiologii, Inst. Psychiatrii i Neurologii, Warsaw (Poland)

1995-12-31

215

Acute Subdural Hematoma in a High School Football Player  

OpenAIRE

A 16-year-old football player developed a headache following a collision during a game. When his headache persisted for 1 week, he underwent a computerized tomographic (CT) scan to determine the cause. Findings were normal and a concussion was diagnosed. Seventeen days after the injury, the athlete reported disappearance of his symptoms. Provocative testing failed to recreate symptoms. The athlete continued to deny any symptoms and was cleared for unlimited participation 30 days after the ini...

Litt, David W.

1995-01-01

216

Intracerebral hematoma following lumboperitoneal shunt insertion: a rare case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lumboperitoneal shunting is widely used for the surgical management of pseudotumor cerebri and other pathologies such as communicating hydrocephalus. Although it is a safe method, it could be associated with complications including subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural and rarely intracerebral hematoma. A 44-year-old female applied to our clinic with complaints of severe headache, retroorbital pain and blurred vision. Lumbar puncture demonstrated cerebrospinal fluid opening pressure of cmH2O. A non-programmable lumboperitoneal shunt with two distal slit valves was inserted due to pseudotumor cerebri. She deteriorated shortly after surgery. Immediate cranial computed tomography scan revealed a right parietal intracerebral hematoma. Development of intracerebral hematoma following lumboperitoneal shunt is a rare complication. We discuss this rare event accompanied by the literature. PMID:21294099

Turkoglu, Erhan; Kazanci, Burak; Karavelioglu, Ergun; Sanli, Metin; Kazanci, Burcu; Sekerci, Zeki

2011-01-01

217

Acute onset of intracranial subdural hemorrhage five days after spinal anesthesia for knee arthroscopic surgery: a case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Spinal anesthesia is a widely used general purpose anesthesia. However, serious complications, such as intracranial subdural hemorrhage, can rarely occur. Case presentation We report the case of a 73-year-old Japanese woman who had acute onset of intracranial subdural hemorrhage five days after spinal anesthesia for knee arthroscopic surgery. Conclusion This case highlights the need to pay attention to acute intracranial subdural hemorrhage as a complication after spinal anesthesia. If the headache persists even in a supine position or nausea occurs abruptly, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of the brain should be conducted. An intracranial subdural hematoma may have a serious outcome and is an important differential diagnosis for headache after spinal anesthesia.

Hagino Tetsuo

2012-03-01

218

Spinal subdural abscess. Case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Only 44 cases of spinal subdural abscess have been reported to date. The authors present another case and review the relevant literature. The findings of intraspinal gassification on computerized tomography scans and Escherichia coli as the causative organism have not previously been described in relation to spinal subdural abscess. Most frequently, Staphylococcus aureus is the responsible organism. Hematogenous spread of infection from a distant source often takes place. In a surprising number of incidences, iatrogenic causes are the primary foci of spinal subdural abscess. Spinal subdural abscess is an unpredictable disease, with an unfavorable outcome if left untreated. If there is suspicion of a spinal subdural abscess, urgent radiological examination followed by immediate surgical drainage and appropriate antibiotic therapy is warranted. PMID:1346157

Bartels, R H; de Jong, T R; Grotenhuis, J A

1992-02-01

219

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis presenting as subdural haematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors report a 39-year-old woman who presented with intermittent, excruciating nuchal and occipital headache. Magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography scans showed bilateral subdural haematomas with veno-occlusive disease of the superficial and deep venous systems. There were bridging collaterals with scalp veins, bleeds from which could explain the subdural haematoma. There was acute on chronic veno-occlusive disease with an acute rise in intracranial pressure and a bleed from the vein of Galen Copyright (2005) Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd

220

[Case of subdural hygroma].  

Science.gov (United States)

A 7-month-old boy with postnatal jaundice was operated upon at the age of 3 months for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis associated with water and electrolyte metabolism disturbances. During induction of anaesthesia cardiorespiratory arrest occurred. The child was resuscitated successfully. After the operation bilateral pneumonia developed. After 3 months of relatively good health signs of increased intracranial pressure developed with high-grade papilloedema. Ventriculography with subdurography demonstrated presence of an extensive subdural hygroma about 2 cm thick. One year after treatment the condition of the child and his development are completely satisfactory. PMID:714232

Gawlik, J D

1978-01-01

221

Cervical subdural empyema following acupuncture.  

Science.gov (United States)

A review of the literature reveals only a few cases of spinal subdural empyema. Etiologies of spinal subdural empyema include hematogenous spread from skin lesions, systemic sepsis, direct spread from spinal osteomyelitis and complications of discography. However, in this report, we describe a patient who developed spinal subdural empyema following several cervical acupuncture sessions. Operative treatment with adequate laminectomy, removal of abscess, and copious irrigation resulted in good recovery. Microbiologic culture study of pus obtained at surgery was positive for Staphylococcus aureus. The need for sterilization procedures for acupuncture is emphasized and a brief review of the relevant literature is presented. PMID:15519876

Chen, Ming-Hong; Chen, Mei-Hsiu; Huang, Jing-Shan

2004-11-01

222

Hematoma epidural subagudo / Subacute epidural hematoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se presenta el caso de un paciente con hematoma epidural subagudo, temporoparietal derecho, secundario a una agresión física. En el cuadro clínico, a las 24 h, predominó la cefalea de intensidad moderada, con somnolencia y agitación psicomotora ligera. Las radiografías simples de cráneo no mostraron [...] alteraciones. Los síntomas se mantuvieron a pesar del tratamiento médico, por lo que se realizó una tomografía axial simple de cráneo que mostró la presencia de un hematoma epidural subagudo temporoparietal derecho, con desplazamiento de estructuras de la línea media. Se realizó una craneotomía temporoparietal derecha para la evacuación del hematoma posterior. El paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente y se recuperó por completo, tanto clínica como imaginológicamente. Abstract in english This is the case of a patient presenting with right temporoparietal subacute hematoma secondary to a physical act of aggression. In clinical picture at 24 hours there was predominance of headache of moderate intensity with drowsiness and slight psychomotor restlessness. The skull single radiographie [...] s didn't show alterations. Symptoms remained despite the medical treatment, thus a single skull axial tomography was carried out showing the presence of a right temporoparietal subacute epidural hematoma with displacement from the middle line structures. A right temporoparietal craniotomy was carried out to evacuation of the posterior hematoma. Patient evolved satisfactorily with a total recovery as much clinical as imaging.

Yvei, González Orlandi; Luis, Elizondo Barrier; Reinel, Junco Martín; Jorge, Rojas Manresa; Víctor, Duboy Limonta; Alberto, Pérez Villafuerte.

2011-03-01

223

Bilateral assymetric epidural hematoma  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Acute bilateral extradural hematoma is a rare presentation of head trauma injury. In sporadic cases, they represent 0.5–10% of all extradural hematomas. However, higher mortality rates have been reported in previous series. Case Description: The authors described the case of a 28-year-old male presenting head injury, comatose, Glasgow Coma Scale of 6, anisocoric pupils without puppilary light reflex. Computed tomography showed asymmetric bilateral epidural hematomas, effacement of the lateral ventricles and sulci, midline shift and a bilateral skull fracture reaching the vertex. Surgical evacuation was performed with simultaneous hematoma drainage. Patient was discharged on the 29th postoperative day with no neurological deficit. Conclusion: The correct approach on bilateral epidural hematomas depends on the volume, moment of diagnosis, and neurological deficit level. Simultaneous drainage of bilateral hematomas has been demonstrated to be an effective technique for it, which soon decreases the intracranial pressure and promotes an efficient resolution to the neurological damage. PMID:25657867

Pereira, Edmundo Luis Rodrigues; Rodrigues, Daniella Brito; Lima, Lorena Oliveira; Sawada, Luis Armando; Hermes, Mário de Nazareth

2015-01-01

224

Hematoma traumático del psoas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los hematomas del psoas se suelen observar en pacientes con hemofilia u otras discrasias sanguíneas y como complicación de tratamientos anticoagulantes. Con menor frecuencia se pueden ver en personas sanas, debido a la rotura traumática del músculo. Por similares causas se producen hematomas del mús [...] culo ilíaco. La parálisis del nervio femoral es la complicación más grave y frecuente de ambas afecciones. Es habitual denominar a estos cuadros como hematomas del iliopsoas y considerarlos en conjunto por las características anatómicas, etiológicas, patológicas y clínicas que presentan. Describimos el caso de un niño de 12 años y 8 meses de edad, sin coagulopatía conocida, que padeció un hematoma del psoas de origen traumático. Abstract in english Psoas hematomas are usually seen in patients with hemophilia or other blood dyscrasias, and as a complication of anticoagulant treatments. With less frequency they may be found in healthy persons as a result of traumatic muscle rupture. Similar causes produce hematomas in the iliac muscle. The paral [...] ysis of the femoral nerve is the most serious and frequent complication in both conditions. These clinical pictures are often referred to as iliopsoas hematoma and they are generally considered together owing to the anatomic, etiologic, pathologic and clinical features that present. We describe a boy of 12 years and 8 month old, with no coagulopathy, who suffered a psoas hematoma of traumatic origin.

Roberto, Rocco; Laura, Benedetti; Cecilia, Pannocchia; Horacio, Miscione.

2006-12-01

225

Head trauma and CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In our cases of acute and subacute subdural hematoma, the use of CT was evaluated. In our department of surgery, acute subdural hematoma was found in 46 of 388 patients of head trauma who underwent CT. Acute subdural hematoma, like epidural hematoma was usually visualized as a high-density area along the cranial inner table, and this was easily differenciated from epidural hematoma because of difference in shape from the other. The picture of acute subdural hematoma was occasionally confused with that of intracerebral hematoma or cerebral contusion. Single use of CT does not differenciate subacute subdural hematoma from chronic subdural hematoma. However, CT usually visualized acute hematoma as a high-density area, showing the extent of hematoma. Comparison of the thickness of hematoma with the axis deviation of the median part such as the 3rd cerebral ventricle suggested severity of cerebral edema. CT also revealed bilateral or multiple lesions of cerebral contusion or intracerebral hematoma. (Ueda, J.)

226

Subacute epidural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the case of a patient presenting with right temporoparietal subacute hematoma secondary to a physical act of aggression. In clinical picture at 24 hours there was predominance of headache of moderate intensity with drowsiness and slight psychomotor restlessness. The skull single radiographies didn't show alterations. Symptoms remained despite the medical treatment, thus a single skull axial tomography was carried out showing the presence of a right temporoparietal subacute epidural hematoma with displacement from the middle line structures. A right temporoparietal craniotomy was carried out to evacuation of the posterior hematoma. Patient evolved satisfactorily with a total recovery as much clinical as imaging. (author)

227

Surgical treatment of acute subdural hygroma in children.  

Science.gov (United States)

During the years 1967-1984, 91 children were operated on because of acute compressive traumatic intracranial hematoma: 16 (17%) had traumatic acute subdural hygromas. These were unilateral in 12 cases and bilateral in 4. The causes of injury were traffic accidents in 11 children, a fall in 1, and acute deceleration injuries in 5. Nine children suffered multiple injuries to the thorax, inferior extremities, and pelvis. Clinical manifestations and evolution of clinical symptoms included changes in conscious level, palsy, high fever, nystagmus, maximum dilation of either pupil and spontaneous, irregular breathing. The diagnosis was made on the basis of the clinical picture and supplementary clinical investigations: CT, EEG, echoencephalography, isotope cisternography, and arteriography. Treatment was by simple trephination of the cranium and evacuation of hygromatous liquid. All children survived the surgical treatment; 1 child died after the operation and 2 developed hydrocephalus. PMID:3829030

Mircevski, M; Boyadziev, I; Ruskov, P; Mircevska, D; Davkov, S

1986-01-01

228

Hematoma postraumático en riñón patológico / Postraumatic hematoma in pathological kidney  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos un caso de hematoma postraumático en un riñón tumoral. El diagnóstico del hematoma fue realizado mediante escáner abdominal pero no así el tipo tumoral. Fue necesario la revisión quirúrgica y posterior estudio patológico para demostrar un angiomiolipoma como causante del hematoma renal. [...] Abstract in english We want to present a case of postraumatic hematoma in a tumoral kidney. The diagnosis of the hematoma was made by abdominal scanner but not the tumor type. It was necessary the chirurgycal review and patological study to demostrate an angiomyolipoma as the cause of the kidney hematoma. [...

M., Allué López; D., Pascual Regueiro; A., García de Jalón Martínez; P., Serrano Frago; P., Gil Martínez; L.A., Rioja Sanz.

2003-01-01

229

Rapid enlargement of subdural haematoma.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A case of subdural haematoma (SDH having atypical features (headache, vomiting, drowsiness but normal haematological and metabolic parameters and no localising neurological signs is reported. The SDH rapidly enlarged and liquefied in five days as evident on computerised tomographic (CT scan and operative findings. Rapid improvement was observed following this. Abnormally excessive fibrinolytic activity in the SDH is a possible cause.

Bhavani R

1994-01-01

230

Hematoma esofágico espontáneo / Spontaneous esophageal hematoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hematoma espontáneo del esófago es una manifestación poco frecuente de lesión esofágica. El dolor torácico, la disfagia y la hematemesis son los síntomas más comunes de presentación, los cuales se resuelven espontáneamente en la mayoría de los casos. El conocimiento de esta patología es important [...] e para un manejo adecuado y evitar así las intervenciones quirúrgicas y tratamientos innecesarios Abstract in english Spontaneous intramural hematoma of the esophagus constitutes a rare spectrum of esophageal injuries. Chest pain, difficulty swallowing and hematemesis are the most common symptoms. They resolve spontaneously in most cases. Awareness of this condition is a vital guide for following up these cases and [...] for avoiding inappropriate treatment and unnecessary surgical intervention. We report the case of a patient who presented with chest pain and hematemesis

Javier Alberto, Preciado Aponte; Diego Mauricio, Aponte Martin.

2012-06-30

231

Acute subdural haematoma : a reappraisal.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Acute subdural haematoma is a well-entrenched nosological entity implying subdural collection of blood following acute head injury. Pathologically, it is usually associated with or, for that matter, secondary to cerebral contusion and laceration. Based on cumulated experience, clinical and pathological studies it is proposed that, for too long the neurosurgeons have put emphasis on the clot rather than the totality of the pathological anatomy and that they have focused their therapeutic strategy on removal of the accumulated blood, unmindful of the associated parenchymatous lesion. Not surprisingly, such attempts have been associated with a very high mortality. On the basis of nearly four decades of personal experience and critical review of the literature, evidence has been provided that to reduce the mortality associated with this condition, it is necessary to evolve a strategy, not only to evacuate the blood but comprehensively deal with the associated parenchymatous lesions and the cascade of secondary insult to the underlying brain.

Tandon P

2001-01-01

232

Rectus sheath hematoma  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Abstract Rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) is a known complication of anticoagulation therapy and a source of potential morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment may help to prevent complications including hemodynamic instability, the abdominal compartment syndrome or multiorgan dysfunction. Although the diagnosis can be made clinically, it can be confirmed with computed tomography of the abdomen. Most patients can b...

Osinbowale, Olusegun; Bartholomew, John R.

2008-01-01

233

Akinetic mutism and parkinsonism due to subdural and intraventricular tension pneumocephalus.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pneumocephalus may occur after intracranial surgery and is most often asymptomatic. It is usually associated with posterior fossa surgery. Here, we present a 56-year-old man who developed akinetic mutism and parkinsonism caused by subdural and intraventricular tension pneumocephalus associated with decompression of a chronic subdural hygroma. As an emergency treatment, air was exchanged with saline via the drainage, which then was removed and a subduro-peritoneal shunt was implanted. The condition described here requires immediate attention and appropriate treatment. PMID:23322598

Lütjens, Götz; Capelle, H Holger; Krauss, Joachim K

2013-12-01

234

Spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma  

OpenAIRE

Abdominal wall pathology is a frequently overlooked cause of acute abdomen. Increasing use of antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapies has led to an increase in the incidence of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (RSH). A high index of suspicion is needed for diagnosis as it can closely mimic other causes of acute abdomen. Herein, we report a case of RSH presenting with abdominal pain in which there was a significant delay in diagnosis. We wish to highlight the need to increase awareness amon...

Alla, Venkata M.; Karnam, Showri M.; Kaushik, Manu; Porter, Joann

2003-01-01

235

Retroperitoneal and rectus sheath hematomas.  

Science.gov (United States)

The retroperitoneum is rich in vascular structures and can harbor large hematomas, traumatic or spontaneous. The management of retroperitoneal hematomas depends on the mechanism of injury and whether they are pulsatile/expanding. Rectus sheath hematomas are uncommon abdominal wall hematomas secondary to trauma to the epigastric arteries of the rectus muscle. The common risk factors include anticoagulation, strenuous exercise, coughing, coagulation disorders, and invasive procedures on/through the abdominal wall. The management is largely supportive, with the reversal of anticoagulation and transfusions; angioembolization may be necessary. PMID:24267499

Kasotakis, George

2014-02-01

236

Spinal subdural abscess following epidural steroid injection.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors report the case of a 58-year-old man who presented with a cervicothoracolumbosacral spinal subdural abscess about a month after receiving an epidural steroid injection for management of low-back pain due to L5-S1 disc herniation. Although he presented with symptoms concerning for a spinal etiology, the subdural empyema was not evident on the initial MRI study and was observed on imaging 5 days later. This patient was successfully managed with surgical intervention and antibiotic treatment, and he is doing well more than 21 months after the operation. It is possible that a prior history of disc herniation or other spinal abnormality may increase a patient's risk of developing spinal subdural empyema. This case illustrates the risk of infection following spinal epidural steroid injections and the importance of early recognition and intervention to successfully treat an extensive subdural abscess. PMID:25343407

Kraeutler, Matthew J; Bozzay, Joseph D; Walker, Matthew P; John, Kuruvilla

2015-01-01

237

Spontaneous Rectus Sheath Hematoma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abdominal wall pathology is a frequently overlooked cause of acute abdomen. Increasing use of antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapies has led to an increase in the incidence of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (RSH. A high index of suspicion is needed for diagnosis as it can closely mimic other causes of acute abdomen. Herein, we report a case of RSH presenting with abdominal pain in which there was a significant delay in diagnosis. We wish to highlight the need to increase awareness among primary and emergency physicians about considering RSH in the initial differential diagnoses of abdominal pain. [West J Emerg Med. 2010; 11(1:76-79].

Alla, Venkata M

2010-02-01

238

Acute subdural effusion in vasculitis  

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Full Text Available We report a 29-year-old man with a unique presentation of vasculitis as acute unilateral subdural effusion and meningoencephalitis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a brainstem lesion that spread to the thalamus over time. There were no systemic features of vasculitis other than a positive pathergy test. Histopathological examination from the pathergy site showed neutrophilic infiltrate and leucocytoclastic vasculitis. The condition was steroid responsive and he remained in remission at two years? follow-up. The anatomy of the brainstem lesion, absence of other inflammatory and infective conditions on evaluation suggests a vasculitic pathology either as primary central nervous system angiitis or as neurological presentation of systemic vasculitis like Beh?et?s disease although the international diagnostic criteria for Beh?et?s were not fulfilled.

Raghavendra Seetharam

2008-01-01

239

2-[18?F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) positron-emission tomography (PET) findings of chronic expanding intrapericardial hematoma: a potential interpretive pitfall that mimics a malignant tumor  

OpenAIRE

A 77-year-old man who had undergone mitral valve replacement 5 years previously presented with an intrapericardial mass. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed that the mass lesion contained hematoma components. Positron-emission tomography (PET) with 2-[18?F] fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) revealed uptake in the peripheral rim of the mass. These findings suggested the presence of hematoma associated with a malignant lesion. Surgical resection was performed, and the histo...

Tokue, Hiroyuki; Tokue, Azusa; Okauchi, Kenzo; Tsushima, Yoshito

2013-01-01

240

Expanding traumatic intracerebral contusion/hematoma  

OpenAIRE

Background and Aims: Delayed traumatic hematomas and expansion of already detected hematomas are not uncommon. Only few studies are available on risk factors of expanding hematomas. A prospective study was aimed to find out risk factors associated with such traumatic lesions. Materials and Methods: Present study is based on 262 cases of intracerebral hematomas / contusions out of which 43 (16.4%) hematomas expanded in size. computerized tomography (CT) scan was done in...

Yadav Yad; Basoor Abhijeet; Jain Gaurav; Nelson Adam

2006-01-01

241

Cerebral cysticercus granuloma associated with a subdural effusion.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The association of a solitary cerebral cysticercus granuloma with a subdural effusion is being reported. The granuloma and the effusion resolved following albendazole therapy. We speculate that the spread of the inflammatory changes around the granuloma to the subdural space could have led to the development of the subdural effusion.

Rajshekhar V

2001-04-01

242

Intramural aortic hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Intramural hematomas (IMH) are regarded as a hemorrhage into the aortic wall. In general a traumatic form can be differentiated from a spontaneous non-traumatic. There is a predisposition of IMH with arterial hypertension and mesoectodermal dysplastic syndromes. The diagnosis is established with the clinical presentation in combination with the findings of different imaging modalities. Acute and subacute discomfort associated with a tendency of collaps are considered as typical presenting complaints. A semicircular or concentric thickening of the aortic wall with the absence of blood flow or a dissection membran are typical findings in transesophageal echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance tomography. From a differential diagnostic point of view a distinction from atherosclerotic wall changes, intraluminal thrombi and inflammatory aortic diseases is essential. The IMH is considered as an early presentation of aortic dissection, put into and treated according to the Stanford classification. In the course of natural history an IMH can disappear, rupture or progress into a classic aortic dissection. (orig.)

243

Subdural hygroma after craniosynostosis remodeling surgery.  

Science.gov (United States)

Craniosynostosis is defined as the premature fusion of the cranial sutures and can cause functional impairment or cosmetic deformity. Surgical techniques for the correction of craniosynostosis have changed overtime, as so have the intraoperative and postoperative complications. Extensive surgeries involving fronto-orbital unit repositioning and cranial vault remodeling are associated with various complications. Intraoperative and postoperative hemorrhage, venous infarct, air embolism, hydrocephalus, cerebrospinal fluid leak, as well as meningitis are a few complications associated with cranial vault remodeling surgery. Postoperative complications can increase the morbidity and mortality associated with these procedures. Identification of the complications and their timely management should be a part of every craniofacial reconstruction team's training program.In this article, we report a case of subdural hygroma in an infant after cranial vault remodeling procedure. Subdural hygroma is a known complication following head injuries and represents 5% to 20% of posttraumatic intracranial mass lesions. However, subdural hygroma developing after a cranial procedure is rare and has not been reported in the literature. Identification of the complication, close monitoring of the change in subdural fluid volume, and tapping of the fluid through the craniotomy site if indicated form the mainstay of management of subdural hygroma that develops after cranial vault remodeling surgery. PMID:25469899

Ganesh, Praveen; Nagarjuna, Muralidhara; Shetty, Samarth; Salins, Paul C

2015-01-01

244

Subarachnoid hematoma of the craniocervical junction and upper cervical spine after traumatic cerebral contusion: case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spinal subarachnoid hematoma (SSH) is a rare condition, more commonly occurring after lumbar puncture for diagnostic or anesthesiological procedures. It has also been observed after traumatic events, in patients under anticoagulation therapy or in case of arteriovenous malformation rupture. In a very small number of cases no causative agent can be identified and a diagnosis of spontaneous SSH is established. The lumbar and thoracic spine are the most frequently involved segments and only seven cases of cervical spine SSH have been described until now. Differential diagnosis between subdural and subarachnoid hematoma is complex because the common neuroradiological investigations, including a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are not enough sensitive to exactly define clot location. Actually, confirmation of the subarachnoid location of bleeding is obtained at surgery, which is necessary to resolve the fast and sometimes dramatic evolution of clinical symptoms. Nonetheless, there are occasional reports on successful conservative treatment of these lesions. We present a peculiar case of subarachnoid hematoma of the craniocervical junction, developing after the rupture of a right temporal lobe contusion within the adjacent arachnoidal spaces and the following clot migration along the right lateral aspect of the foramen magnum and the upper cervical spine, causing severe neurological impairment. After surgical removal of the hematoma, significant symptom improvement was observed. PMID:24067775

Di Rienzo, Alessandro; Iacoangeli, Maurizio; Alvaro, Lorenzo; Colasanti, Roberto; Moriconi, Elisa; Gladi, Maurizio; Nocchi, Niccolò; Scerrati, Massimo

2013-01-01

245

Spontaneous intraorbital hematoma: case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Vinodan Paramanathan, Ardalan ZolnourianQueen's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Burton on Trent, Staffordshire DE13 0RB, UKAbstract: Spontaneous intraorbital hematoma is an uncommon clinical entity seen in ophthalmology practice. It is poorly represented in the literature. Current evidence attributes it to orbital trauma, neoplasm, vascular malformations, acute sinusitis, and systemic abnormalities. A 65-year-old female presented with spontaneous intraorbital hematoma manifesting as severe ocular pains, eyelid edema, proptosis, and diplopia, without a history of trauma. Computer tomography demonstrated a fairly well defined extraconal lesion with opacification of the paranasal sinuses. The principal differential based on all findings was that of a spreading sinus infection and an extraconal tumor. An unprecedented finding of a spontaneous orbital hematoma was discovered when the patient was taken to theater. We discuss the rarity of this condition and its management.Keywords: hemorrhage, ophthalmology, spontaneous, intra-orbital, hematoma

Vinodan Paramanathan

2010-12-01

246

Prevention of Hematomas and Seromas  

OpenAIRE

Hematoma and seroma formation in surgical wounds has negative effects on wound healing and subsequent morbidity to patients. This is of particular pertinence in cosmetic procedures in which the patient has chosen to undergo surgery electively. Over the past several decades there has been considerable interest in the use of ancillary techniques to assist in closing wounds and achieving hemostasis to prevent hematoma and seroma formation. These techniques include application of tissue sealants ...

Bullocks, Jamal; Basu, C. Bob; Hsu, Patrick; Singer, Robert

2006-01-01

247

Surgical management of intracerebral hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Traditional and recent developments in the management of spontaneous intracranial hematomas are reviewed. A comprehensive account of the epidemiological characteristics worldwide with an etiological analysis including prevention and prophylaxis introduce the size and clinical significance of this neurological problem. The usefulness and limitations of the available diagnostic methods are described. Most of the emphasis, however, is placed on the management and medicosurgical treatment of intracranial hematomas in correlation with their clinical presentation and localization. 80 references

248

Traumatic posterior fossa epidural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper three acute cases and two subacute cases are reported. CT findings in acute cases show two different types. ''Type I'' shows crescent or lenticular high density area which is not enhanced after contrast infusion. ''Type II'' shows lenticular low density area with membranous high density region in its medial side after contrast infusion. In subacute cases plain CT scan shows lenticular iso or low density area with membranous high density region in its medial side. Forty five cases of posterior fossa epidural hematoma in the review of literature of this country are discussed. Disturbances of the consciousness are the most predominant symptoms in acute cases, while in subacute cases cerebellar signs, vomiting, headache and choked disc are noted. Angiographical examinations may not always be valuable in collecting the direct information of the existence of the epidural hematoma. Liquor cavity in the posterior fossa which is thought to serve as a buffer action of hematoma is about 20 ml, so we discuss about the volume of hematoma, especially of 20 ml, associated with clinical course and prognosis. Volume of epidural hematoma is one of the most important factors affecting clinical course and prognosis. In summary of these our experiences, we again emphasize the value of CT scan as the rapid, noninvasive, accurate radiological examination in the diagnosis of traumatic posterior fossa epidural hematoma. (author)

249

[Sonographic detection of subdural effusions in infancy].  

Science.gov (United States)

Using the open fontanelle as an acustic window, small frontoparietal subdural effusions are often missed on conventional sagittal or coronar ultrasonographic sections. Using horizontal and frontal skull sections during the first 12 months of life intracranial structures can equally be visualized. In a study of 14 infants aged 6 days to 11 months gray scale ultrasonography was compared to computed axial tomography. The results suggest that horizontal and frontal ultrasonographic skull sections are equally efficient to localize even small subdural effusions without the adverse risks of radiation. PMID:6472299

Deeg, K H; Spitzer, V; Stehr, K

1984-07-01

250

Calcified subdural haematomas associated with arrested hydrocephalus - late sequelae of shunt operation in infancy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Calcified chronic subdural haematoms (SDH) and features of arrested (compensated) hydrocephalus were demonstrated by skull radiography and cranial computed tomography (CT) in two children who had no neurological deficit. Ventricular surgical drainage had been performed 8 and 11 years prior to admission and the haematomas remained subsequently undetected. The following presentation will serve to illustrate the characteristic radiological features of this entity, the issue of management, and includes a review of the literature. (orig.)

251

Rotura de quiste aracnoideo tras traumatismo craneoencefálico leve: Exposición de un caso y revisión de la literatura Traumatic rupture of arachnoid cyst resulting in acute subdural haematoma: Case report and literature review  

OpenAIRE

La presencia de un hematoma subdural (HSD) en personas ancianas no constituye un hallazgo inusual, aunque puede ser objeto de complejas consideraciones medicolegales cuando se produce el fallecimiento tras un traumatismo leve reciente. Presentamos el caso de una mujer adulta añosa (87 años) que es asistida en un servicio de urgencia hospitalario tras sufrir traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE) por caída en una residencia de la tercera edad, al presentar deterioro progresivo del nivel de con...

Moreno Cantero, F.; Mp, Sua?rez Mier; Abad Ortiz, L.

2005-01-01

252

Empiema subdural como complicación de sinusitis Subdural empyema secondary to sinusitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El empiema subdural es una complicación infrecuente de la sinusitis en niños. Esta condición se acompaña de una alta morbi mortalidad, por lo que es considerada una emergencia neuro-quirúrgica. Se describe la evolución clínico imagenológica de un escolar previamente sano que cursa con un empiema subdural secundario a una pansinusitis y se discute la presentación clínica, diagnóstico imagenológico y tratamiento médico-quirúrgico de esta patología en base a una revisión de la literaturaSubdural empyema is a rare complication of sinusitis in children. Its clinical presentation represents a neurosurgical emergency and as a scarcely recognized entity a delayed diagnosis rapidly increases its fatal prognosis. We report the clinical and radiological course of an adolescent with a subdural empyema secondary to sinusitis. Clinical and radiological features, laboratory findings and outcome of this condition are discussed based in a review of previously reported cases

Raúl O Bustos B

2006-03-01

253

Empiema subdural como complicación de sinusitis Subdural empyema secondary to sinusitis  

OpenAIRE

El empiema subdural es una complicación infrecuente de la sinusitis en niños. Esta condición se acompaña de una alta morbi mortalidad, por lo que es considerada una emergencia neuro-quirúrgica. Se describe la evolución clínico imagenológica de un escolar previamente sano que cursa con un empiema subdural secundario a una pansinusitis y se discute la presentación clínica, diagnóstico imagenológico y tratamiento médico-quirúrgico de esta patología en base a una revisión de la li...

Raúl O Bustos B; Paula A Pavéz M; Bernardo J Bancalari M; Rubén M Miranda A; Héctor R Escobar S

2006-01-01

254

Ultrasound diagnosis of rectus sheath hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

6 cases of rectus sheath hematoma were correctly diagnosed by ultrasound. 2 cases had bilateral rectus sheath hematoma and 4 cases were unilateral. On ultrasound finding, relatively well defined oval or spindle like cystic mass situated in the area of rectus muscle on all cases. Ultrasound examination may give more definite diagnosis and extension rectus sheath hematoma and also helpful to follow up study of hematoma

255

Ultrasound diagnosis of rectus sheath hematoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

6 cases of rectus sheath hematoma were correctly diagnosed by ultrasound. 2 cases had bilateral rectus sheath hematoma and 4 cases were unilateral. On ultrasound finding, relatively well defined oval or spindle like cystic mass situated in the area of rectus muscle on all cases. Ultrasound examination may give more definite diagnosis and extension rectus sheath hematoma and also helpful to follow up study of hematoma.

Hwang, M. S.; Chang, J. C.; Rhee, C. B. [Yeung Nam University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1984-06-15

256

Optimal management of hemophilic arthropathy and hematomas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sébastien Lobet,1,2 Cedric Hermans,1 Catherine Lambert1 1Hemostasis-Thrombosis Unit, Division of Hematology, 2Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium Abstract: Hemophilia is a hematological disorder characterized by a partial or complete deficiency of clotting factor VIII or IX. Its bleeding complications primarily affect the musculoskeletal system. Hemarthrosis is a major hemophilia-related complication, responsible for a particularly debilitating chronic arthropathy, in the long term. In addition to clotting factor concentrates, usually prescribed by the hematologist, managing acute hemarthrosis and chronic arthropathy requires a close collaboration between the orthopedic surgeon and physiotherapist. This collaboration, comprising a coagulation and musculoskeletal specialist, is key to effectively preventing hemarthrosis, managing acute joint bleeding episodes, assessing joint function, and actively treating chronic arthropathy. This paper reviews, from a practical point of view, the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and treatment of hemarthrosis and chronic hemophilia-induced arthropathy for hematologists, orthopedic surgeons, and physiotherapists. Keywords: hemophilia, arthropathy, hemarthrosis, hematoma, physiotherapy, target joint

Lobet S

2014-10-01

257

Dolor radicular como forma de presentación de un hematoma epidural espontáneo  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fundamento: las hemorragias espontáneas dentro del estuche espinal en las edades pediátricas son poco frecuentes. La sangre puede extenderse por el espacio epidural, subdural o intramedular y producir compresión de las estructuras neurales. El espacio epidural es la zona más vulnerable a sufrir el sangrado y dentro de éste su porción posterior. Objetivo: presentar un caso poco frecuente de hematoma epidural espinal cervical espontáneo que debutó con signos radiculares. Caso Clínico: paciente masculino de 14 años de edad con antecedentes de salud que es remitido a la consulta con una historia iniciada siete días antes, caracterizada por: dolor cervical bajo, de moderada intensidad de inicio brusco y que se irradiaba a los dermatomas cervicales 4 a 6 (C4-C6. Al examen físico se pudo constatar dolor al percutir las apófisis espinosas de C4 a C6, hiporreflexia bicipital y reducción de la fuerza en la pinza digital derecha. Se realizó una resonancia magnética nuclear cervical, donde se pudo diagnosticar un hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo que se extendía anteriormente desde C3 a C7. Se decidió el tratamiento médico y el paciente egresó a los doce días libre de manifestaciones clínicas. Conclusiones: la evolución clínica del paciente, el tamaño, la localización del hematoma y tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad son elementos a tener en cuenta a la hora de seleccionar la modalidad del tratamiento, el cual permitirá la reversibilidad de los síntomas y signos neurológicos así como el desarrollo de complicaciones tardías.

Isael Olaz\\u00E1bal Armas

2011-01-01

258

Postoperative subdural haematoma and pneumocephalus mimicking TIA.  

Science.gov (United States)

An 86-year-old man presented with left hand numbness and weakness 10 days after a resection of squamous cell carcinoma of the right side of the scalp. A CT head scan identified a right-sided, hypodense subdural collection without midline shift, with associated pneumocephalus. When the images were reviewed on bony settings, minute drill holes were identified penetrating the outer tables as expected, but also the inner table of the calvarium. With this knowledge, the initial clinical diagnosis altered significantly from that of a transient ischaemic attack to a working diagnosis of a subdural haematoma as a complication of the penetrating injury to the cranium, in a patient with an elevated international normalised ratio. PMID:22689273

Khirwadkar, Hannah; Thomas, Cellan; Fardy, Michael; Hourihan, Margaret

2011-01-01

259

Expanding traumatic intracerebral contusion/hematoma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aims: Delayed traumatic hematomas and expansion of already detected hematomas are not uncommon. Only few studies are available on risk factors of expanding hematomas. A prospective study was aimed to find out risk factors associated with such traumatic lesions. Materials and Methods: Present study is based on 262 cases of intracerebral hematomas / contusions out of which 43 (16.4% hematomas expanded in size. computerized tomography (CT scan was done in all the patients at the time of admission and within 24 hours of injury. Repeat CT scan was done within 24 hours, 4 days and 7 days. Midline shift if any, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, bleeding time, clotting time and platelet counts, Glasgow coma scale at admission and discharge and Glasgow outcome score at 6 months follow up were recorded. Results: Twenty six percent, 11.3 and 0% patients developed expanding hematoma in Glasgow Coma scale (GCS of 8 and below, 9-12 and 13-15 respectively. The chances of expanding hematomas were higher in patients with other associated hematomas (17.4% as compared to isolated hematoma (4.8% (Fisher?s exact results P =0.216. All the cases of expanding hematoma had some degree of midline shift and considerably higher proportion had presence of coagulopathy. The results of logistic regression analysis showed GCS, midline shift and coagulopathy as significant predictors for the expanding hematoma. Thirty nine patients (90.7% of the total expanding hematomas developed within 24 hours of injury. Conclusions: Enlargement of intracerebral hematomas is quite common and majority of them expand early after the injury. These lesions were common in patients with poor GCS, associated hematomas, associated coagulopathy and midline shift.

Yadav Yad

2006-01-01

260

[Cases of "delayed" subdural posttraumatic hygromas].  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors present 6 cases of uni- or bilateral subdural hygromas that appeared a few weeks following severe head injury. Such hygromas were named by the authors as "delayed" ones. Surgical evacuation of hygroma resulted in patient's status improvement in all 6 cases, based on well-known theories of posttraumatic hygromas origin, the authors try to explain patomechanism of the "delayed" hygromas. PMID:8657354

Beuth, W; Osi?ski, P; Kasprzak, H

1996-01-01

261

Postoperative subdural haematoma and pneumocephalus mimicking TIA  

OpenAIRE

An 86-year-old man presented with left hand numbness and weakness 10 days after a resection of squamous cell carcinoma of the right side of the scalp. A CT head scan identified a right-sided, hypodense subdural collection without midline shift, with associated pneumocephalus. When the images were reviewed on bony settings, minute drill holes were identified penetrating the outer tables as expected, but also the inner table of the calvarium. With this knowledge, the initial clinical diagnosis ...

Khirwadkar, Hannah; Thomas, Cellan; Fardy, Michael; Hourihan, Margaret

2011-01-01

262

Microwave Hematoma Detector for the Rapid Assessment of Head Injuries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A non-invasive microwave device for the detection of epi/subdural hemorrhaging (hematoma) is under current development. The final device will be highly portable and allow real time assessment of head injuries, thereby satisfying early detection needs of the field technician as well as providing a tool for repetitious monitoring of high-risk individuals. The device will adopt the advanced technology of micropower impulse radar (MIR) which is a state of the art low cost ultra wide band (UWB) microwave radar developed here at LLNL. It will consist of a MIR transmitting and receiving module, a computer based signal processing module, and a device-to-patient signal coupling module--the UWB antenna. The prototype design is being guided by the needs of the patient and the practitioner along with the prerequisites of the technology including issues such as the specificity of the device, efficacy of diagnosis, accuracy, robustness, and patient comfort. The prototype development follows a concurrent approach which .includes experiments designed to evaluate requirements of the radar and antenna design, phantom development to facilitate laboratory investigations, and investigation into the limits of adapting pre-existing non-medical MIR devices to medical applications. This report will present the accomplishments and project highlights to date in the fiscal year 1999. Future project projections will also be discussed.

Hadded, W.; Chang, J.; Rosenbury, T.; Dallum, G.; Welsch, P.; Scott, D.; Duarte, D.; Acevedo-Bolton, V.

2000-02-11

263

Inadvertent Subdural Injection during Cervical Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection  

Science.gov (United States)

Serious complications following cervical epidural steroid injection are rare. Subdural injection of local anesthetic and steroid represents a rare but potentially life threatening complication. A patient presented with left sided cervical pain radiating into the left upper extremity with motor deficit. MRI showed absent lordosis with a broad left paramedian disc-osteophyte complex impinging the spinal cord at C5-6. During C5-6 transforaminal epidural steroid injection contrast in AP fluoroscopic view demonstrated a subdural contrast pattern. The needle was withdrawn slightly and repositioned. Normal lateral epidural and nerve root contrast pattern was subsequently obtained and injection followed with immediate improvement in radicular symptoms. There were no postoperative complications on subsequent clinic follow-up. The subdural space is a potential space between the arachnoid and dura mater. As the subdural space is larger in the cervical region, there may be an elevated potential for inadvertent subdural injection. Needle placement in the cervical subdural space during transforaminal injection is uncommon. Failure to identify aberrant needle entry within the cervical subdural space may result in life threatening complications. We recommend initial injection of a limited volume of contrast agent to detect inadvertent subdural space placement. PMID:24490089

Sadacharam, Kesavan; Petersohn, Jeffrey D.; Green, Michael S.

2013-01-01

264

Spontaneous idiopathic spinal epidural hematoma: two different presentations of the same disease / Hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo: dos diferentes presentaciones clínicas de la misma enfermedad / Hematoma epidural espinhal espontâneo: duas diferentes apresentações da mesma doença  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os autores relatam dois casos de hematoma epidural espinhal espontâneo com diferentes apresentações clínicas e sua revisão da literatura. O primeiro paciente apresentava sinais e sintomas de compressão medular cervical, necessitando de laminectomia de urgência, enquanto no segundo paciente, que era [...] crônico, havia sintomatologia de lombociatalgia por compressão nervosa de evolução de cinco meses e com diagnóstico radiológico de cisto facetário. A intervenção cirúrgica precoce é o tratamento de escolha para os hematomas epidurais espinhais espontâneos. Os hematomas epidurais espinhais espontâneos, conforme a localização na coluna vertebral, diferem na apresentação clínica e no manejo. Na região lombar, o diagnóstico diferencial deve ser feito com patologias degenerativas. Abstract in spanish Fueron relatados dos casos de hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo con diferentes presentaciones clínicas sin factores precipitantes, y fue hecha una breve revisión de la literatura. Nuestro caso 1 tuvo un desarrollo agudo y mostró señales progresivas en la columna cervical que determinaron una lami [...] nectomía descompresiva de emergencia. Por otro lado, el segundo paciente, crónico, fue operado casi cinco meses después de los síntomas iniciales y el diagnóstico radiológico fue de un gran quiste sinovial. La intervención quirúrgica temprana es el tratamiento de elección para hematomas espontáneos epidurales espinales. El tratamiento quirúrgico representa la forma más común de terapia para todos los tipos de presentaciones clínicas. Debemos considerar que el tratamiento conservador (o no) sea más común en casos de presentación leve, principalmente en pacientes con hematoma espinal crónico. Para realizar un diagnóstico diferencial, los cirujanos deben recordar que los hematomas epidurales espinales espontáneos pueden tener distintas presentaciones clínicas según su ubicación. Abstract in english We report two cases of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma with different clinical presentations without precipitating factors and a brief review of the literature. Our case first developed acute and had progressive cervical spinal cord signs that determined emergency decompressive laminectomy. On [...] the other hand, the second patient, who was chronic, was operated almost five months after the initial symptoms and the radiological diagnosis was a large facet cyst. Early surgical intervention is the chosen treatment for spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas. Spinal surgeons should bear in mind that spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas may have different clinical presentations according to their location in order to perform a differential diagnosis.

Asdrúbal, Falavigna; Orlando, Righesso; Alisson Roberto, Teles; Thiago, Hoesker.

2010-09-01

265

Intramural Hematoma of the Esophagus  

OpenAIRE

We report the case of a patient with an intramural hematoma of the esophagus. This rare condition is more common in elderly women and can be misdiagnosed as cardiovascular or other digestive emergent disease. The classical clinical triad includes chest pain, sudden dysphagia or odynophagia and minor hematemesis. Known precipitating factors are Valsalva maneuver, blunt, direct or iatrogenic injuries, but spontaneous cases have also been described. Chest imaging including computed tomography or...

Cao, Dahlia Thao; Reny, Jean-luc; Lanthier, Nicolas; Frossard, Jean-louis

2012-01-01

266

Interventricular septum hematoma during cineventriculography  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Intraseptal hematoma and subsequent myocardial infarction due to accidental contrast agent deposition complicating diagnostic cineventriculography is a previously undescribed complication of angiography. Case presentation A 61 year old man was admitted at intensive care unit because of unstable angina pectoris 1 hour after coronary angiography. Transthoracic contrast echocardiography showed a non-perfused area in the middle of interventricular septum with an increase of thickening up to 26 mm. Review of cineventriculography revealed contrast enhancement in the interventricular septum after contrast medium injection and a dislocation of the pigtail catheter tip. Follow up by echocardiography and MRI showed, that intramural hematoma has resolved after 6 weeks. After 8 weeks successful stent implantation in LAD was performed and after 6 month the patient had a normal LV-function without ischemic signs or septal thickening demonstrated by stressechocardiography. Conclusion A safe and mobile position of the pigtail catheter during ventriculography in the middle of the LV cavity should be ensured to avoid this potentially life-threatening complication. For assessment and absolute measurement of intramural hematoma contrast-enhanced echocardiography is more feasible than MRI and makes interchangeable results.

Melzer Christoph

2008-01-01

267

Subungual frictional hematoma due to overriding toe  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We report a male patient of 77 years with subungual frictional hematoma secondary to the deformity of his toe (overriding toe, this finding was incidental during his examination due to the presence of seborrheic keratosis on the scalp.Subungual hematomas of the nails are common it could be cause by major and minor trauma predominantly on the big toe, the different toe deformity predispose to have subungual frictional hematoma like in the present clinical case.

Chang Patricia

2011-07-01

268

Subungual frictional hematoma due to overriding toe  

OpenAIRE

We report a male patient of 77 years with subungual frictional hematoma secondary to the deformity of his toe (overriding toe), this finding was incidental during his examination due to the presence of seborrheic keratosis on the scalp.Subungual hematomas of the nails are common it could be cause by major and minor trauma predominantly on the big toe, the different toe deformity predispose to have subungual frictional hematoma like in the present clinical case.

Chang Patricia

2011-01-01

269

Pelvic hematoma resulting in obstructive uropathy.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

The use of anticoagulants, for whatever indication, may carry a high risk of hematoma formation following surgery. Obstructive uropathy is a very rare but possible example of complication secondary to an extensive pelvic hematoma. We describe a case of a patient with rheumatic heart disease and aortic valve replacement, who developed a massive postoperative pelvic hematoma following bilateral tubal ligation, resulting in bilateral ureteric obstructions. This was treated with bilateral ureteric stent through cystoscopy.

Ahmed A. Abdulwahab

2003-11-01

270

Intra-uterine hematoma in pregnancy.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In 60 patients with a live fetus and an intra-uterine hematoma (IUH) proven by ultrasonic scanning the outcome of pregnancy was spontaneous abortion in 12% and premature delivery in 10%. No correlation between the outcome of the pregnancy and the maximum size of the hematoma or the week of detection was found. A subplacentar localization of the hematoma was associated with a higher, but not statistically significant, incidence of spontaneous abortion than a subchorionic localization. Spontaneous abortion most often occurred in the first weeks after the formation of the hematoma. Udgivelsesdato: 1991-Jun-5

Glavind, K; NØhr, S

1991-01-01

271

Dolor radicular como forma de presentación de un hematoma epidural espontáneo / Radicular pain as way of presentation of a spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma: a case presentation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamento: las hemorragias espontáneas dentro del estuche espinal en las edades pediátricas son poco frecuentes. La sangre puede extenderse por el espacio epidural, subdural o intramedular y producir compresión de las estructuras neurales. El espacio epidural es la zona más vulnerable a sufrir el s [...] angrado y dentro de éste su porción posterior. Objetivo: presentar un caso poco frecuente de hematoma epidural espinal cervical espontáneo que debutó con signos radiculares. Caso Clínico: paciente masculino de 14 años de edad con antecedentes de salud que es remitido a la consulta con una historia iniciada siete días antes, caracterizada por: dolor cervical bajo, de moderada intensidad de inicio brusco y que se irradiaba a los dermatomas cervicales 4 a 6 (C4-C6). Al examen físico se pudo constatar dolor al percutir las apófisis espinosas de C4 a C6, hiporreflexia bicipital y reducción de la fuerza en la pinza digital derecha. Se realizó una resonancia magnética nuclear cervical, donde se pudo diagnosticar un hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo que se extendía anteriormente desde C3 a C7. Se decidió el tratamiento médico y el paciente egresó a los doce días libre de manifestaciones clínicas. Conclusiones: la evolución clínica del paciente, el tamaño, la localización del hematoma y tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad son elementos a tener en cuenta a la hora de seleccionar la modalidad del tratamiento, el cual permitirá la reversibilidad de los síntomas y signos neurológicos así como el desarrollo de complicaciones tardías. Abstract in english Background:spontaneous hemorrhages inside the spinal case in pediatric ages are not frequent. The blood may extend over the epidural, subdural or intramedular space, producing compression of neural structures. The epidural space is the most vulnerable area to suffer bleeding and inside of this, its [...] posterior portion. Objective: to present an infrequent case of spontaneous cervical spinal epidural hematoma that started with radicular signs. Clinical case: a 14 years old, masculine patient with health antecedents is remitted to the consulting room with a history initiated seven days before, characterized for: low cervical pain of moderate intensity, of abrupt onset, irradiating to the 4 at 6 cervical dermatomes (C4-C6). To the physical examination was verified pain when striking the C4 to C6, bicipital hyporeflexia and reduction of the force in the right digital forceps. A cervical nuclear magnetic resonance was performed, where a spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma was diagnosed that previously extended from C3 to C7. The medical treatment was decided, the patient was discharged to twelve days, free of clinical manifestations. Conclusions: the patient's clinical evolution, size, localization of the hematoma and the time of evolution of the disease are elements to keep in mind when selecting the modality of the treatment, which will allow the reversibility of symptoms and neurological signs as well as the development of late complications.

Isael, Olazábal Armas.

2011-02-01

272

Subdural and intracerebral hemorrhage caused by spontaneous bleeding in the middle meningeal artery after coil embolization of a cerebral aneurysm.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nontraumatic acute subdural hemorrhage (SDH) with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is rare and is usually caused by severe bleeding from aneurysms or arteriovenous fistulas. We encountered a very rare case of spontaneous bleeding from the middle meningeal artery (MMA), which caused hemorrhage in the temporal lobe and subdural space 2 weeks after coil embolization of an ipsilateral, unruptured internal cerebral artery aneurysm in the cavernous portion. At onset, the distribution of hematoma on a computed tomography scan led us to believe that the treated intracavernous aneurysm could bleed into the intradural space. Emergency craniotomy revealed that the dura of the middle fossa was intact except for the point at the foramen spinosum where the exposed MMA was bleeding. Retrospectively, angiography just before and after embolization of the aneurysm did not show any aberrations in the MMA. Although the MMA usually courses on the outer surface of the dura and is unlikely to rupture without an external force, physicians should be aware that the MMA may bleed spontaneously and cause SDH and ICH. PMID:25134456

Kohyama, Shinya; Kakehi, Yoshiaki; Yamane, Fumitaka; Ooigawa, Hidetoshi; Kurita, Hiroki; Ishihara, Shoichiro

2014-10-01

273

Spontaneous extracranial decompression of epidural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Epidural hematoma (EDH) is a common sequela of head trauma in children. An increasing number are managed nonsurgically, with close clinical and imaging observation. We report the case of a traumatic EDH that spontaneously decompressed into the subgaleal space, demonstrated on serial CT scans that showed resolution of the EDH and concurrent enlargement of the subgaleal hematoma. (orig.)

274

Hematoma hepático subcapsular por fasciola  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 22 años de edad, natural de Huaraz con historia de dolor en hipocondrio derecho asociado a náuseas y vómitos que se intensifican tres dias antes de su admisión. Al examen se encuentra disminución del murmullo vesicular en la base del hemitórax derecho. El abdomen [...] es doloroso a la palpación en el epigastrio e hipocondrio derecho. El hígado se palpa a 3 cm debajo del reborde costal; Hemograma con eosinofilia severa. Se aprecia leve colestasis. Ecografía abdominal: Masa hepática heterogénea de 13 cm de diámetro en el lóbulo derecho. Tomografía axial computarizada: Masa subcapsular de 14x8 cm. Gammagrafía: Hígado con área hipocaptadora que muestra ausencia de perfusión al pool vascular. Se somete a laparotomía exploratoria y se encuentra hematoma subcapsular de 800 cc en segmento 6, 7 y 8, el cual se drena. En la evolución persite la eosinofilia y se obtiene Arco 2 positivo para Fasciola. Recibió triclabendazol, actualmente asintomática. Conclusión: La fase invasiva de la fasciolosis humana puede ocasionar hematoma hepático como una complicación rara. La triada de eosinofilia persistente, hepatomegalia dolorosa y fiebre prolongada, orienta a insistir en la búsqueda de fasciolasis en zonas endémicas. Abstract in english The case of a 22 year old woman from Huaraz is presented herein. She suffered from pain at right hypocondrium, associated to nausea and vomits, which intensified three days prior to admission. Upon examining her, a faded gallbladder murmur was found on the base of the right hemithorax. There is pain [...] in the abdomen when touched at the epigastrium and right hypocondrium. The liver is perceived 3 cm beneath the costal edge: White blood count with severe eosinophilia. Mild cholestasis is observed. Abdominal scan: Heterogeneous hepatic mass, with a 13 cm diameter in the right lobe. CAT scan: Subcapsular 14x8 cm mass. Scintiscan: Liver with a low absorption area showing absence of perfusion to the vascular pool. She undergoes an exploratory laparotomy and an 800 cc subcapsular hematoma is found in segment 6, 7 and 8, which is drained. Evolution evidences the persistence of eosinophilia and positive Arc-2 is obtained for Fasciola. She was administered Triclabendazol and is currently asymptomatic. Conclusion: The invasive stage of human fascioliasis may cause hepatic hematoma as a rare complication. The triad of persisting eosinophilia, painful hepatomegalia and prolonged fever leads to insist in the search of fascioliasis in endemic areas.

David, Loja Oropeza; José, Alvizuri Escobedo; Maricela, Vilca Vásquez; Roberto, Avilés Gonzaga; Mario, Sánchez Mercado.

2003-04-01

275

Intramural hematoma of the esophagus.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report the case of a patient with an intramural hematoma of the esophagus. This rare condition is more common in elderly women and can be misdiagnosed as cardiovascular or other digestive emergent disease. The classical clinical triad includes chest pain, sudden dysphagia or odynophagia and minor hematemesis. Known precipitating factors are Valsalva maneuver, blunt, direct or iatrogenic injuries, but spontaneous cases have also been described. Chest imaging including computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging as well as upper gastrointestinal endoscopy are useful tools for diagnosis. The treatment is conservative and the prognosis usually excellent with complete resolution within a few weeks. PMID:23730267

Cao, Dahlia Thao; Reny, Jean-Luc; Lanthier, Nicolas; Frossard, Jean-Louis

2012-05-01

276

Intramural duodenal hematoma as a complication of therapy with Warfarin: a case report and literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a case of a patient receiving chronic oral anticoagulant therapy with Warfarin who presented with acute intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography showed intramural duodenal hematoma. Treatment was conservative with correction of the coagulation parameters and observation. This case exemplifies the usefulness of conservative therapy and computed tomography in patients with acute small bowel obstruction receiving anticoagulant therapy. (author)

277

Empiema subdural como complicación de sinusitis / Subdural empyema secondary to sinusitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El empiema subdural es una complicación infrecuente de la sinusitis en niños. Esta condición se acompaña de una alta morbi mortalidad, por lo que es considerada una emergencia neuro-quirúrgica. Se describe la evolución clínico imagenológica de un escolar previamente sano que cursa con un empiema sub [...] dural secundario a una pansinusitis y se discute la presentación clínica, diagnóstico imagenológico y tratamiento médico-quirúrgico de esta patología en base a una revisión de la literatura Abstract in english Subdural empyema is a rare complication of sinusitis in children. Its clinical presentation represents a neurosurgical emergency and as a scarcely recognized entity a delayed diagnosis rapidly increases its fatal prognosis. We report the clinical and radiological course of an adolescent with a subdu [...] ral empyema secondary to sinusitis. Clinical and radiological features, laboratory findings and outcome of this condition are discussed based in a review of previously reported cases

Raúl O, Bustos B; Paula A, Pavéz M; Bernardo J, Bancalari M; Rubén M, Miranda A; Héctor R, Escobar S.

2006-03-01

278

Spinal subdural empyema after a dural tear. Case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spinal subdural empyema is an exceptionally rare and serious condition. Immediate surgery with complete exposure and drainage of the abscess is generally recommended. The authors present a patient in whom a Staphylococcus aureus septicemia related to nosocomial pneumonia developed after a thoracic laminectomy. The surgery was further complicated by an unintended durotomy (dural tear). Ten days postoperatively, the patient experienced back pain and lower-extremity symptoms caused by a subdural empyema. Cultures from the wound also grew S. aureus. This represents the first case of spinal subdural empyema in which the spread of infection into the subdural space is believed to have been facilitated by a dural tear. The patient had a favorable outcome despite an initial delay in surgical intervention because of a pulmonary embolus. PMID:15636567

Wu, Adam S; Griebel, Robert W; Meguro, Kotoo; Fourney, Daryl R

2004-12-15

279

Predisposition to subdural hemorrhage in X-linked myotubular myopathy.  

Science.gov (United States)

X-linked myotubular myopathy is a severe congenital myopathy that can involve multiple organs. We report on a 10-month-old boy who manifested X-linked myotubular myopathy with subdural hemorrhage. The diagnosis of X-linked myotubular myopathy was based on typical muscle pathology and MTM1 missense mutation. The patient had undergone no traumatic episodes or bleeding diathesis. Axial growth acceleration is known to occur in X-linked myotubular myopathy, potentially leading to dolichocephaly. In our patient, an enlarged subdural space apparently stretched the bridging veins, increasing susceptibility to subdural hemorrhage. Patients who manifest X-linked myotubular myopathy with typical dolichocephaly are at increased risk for subdural hemorrhage. PMID:22520358

Koga, Hiroshi; Miyako, Kenichi; Suga, Naohiro; Hidaka, Tomoko; Takahashi, Noboru

2012-05-01

280

Hematoma hepático subcapsular en el puerperio  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hematoma hepático subcapsular es una complicación infrecuente y grave durante la gestación o el período puerperal. Esta patología generalmente se relaciona con preeclampsia o síndrome de HELLP. Su diagnóstico debe confirmarse por tomografía axial computarizada. La precocidad del diagnóstico y tra [...] tamiento es importante para evitar la ruptura del hematoma. Abstract in english Subcapsular hepatic hematoma is a rare and severe complication during pregnancy or postpartum period. This condition is usually related to preeclampsia or HELLP syndrome. Its diagnosis must be confirmed by abdominal computed tomography. An early diagnosis and treatment are important to avoid hematom [...] a rupture.

Belén, Carazo H; Manuel Ángel, Romero C; Cristina, Puebla M; Amelia, Sanz M; Beatriz, Rojas P.

281

Rectus Sheath Hematoma Mimicking Acute Abdominal Pain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abdominal sheat hematoma is a rare cause of acute abdominal disorders and may be misdiagnosed from other causes of abdominal pain. Early diagnosis is mandatory in order to avoid morbidity or unnecessary surgery. We describe a case of an 55-year-old men receiving anticoagulants who presented with typical clinical manifestations of acute surgical abdomen. A computed tomography scans demonstrated a right rectus sheath hematoma. The patient was treated conservatively with success. It is important to recognize this entity of rectus sheath hematoma among patients complaining of acute abdominal pain. [Cukurova Med J 2012; 37(4.000: 243-246

Huseyin Narci

2012-08-01

282

Occult, massive hematomas following antegrade femoral angioplasty  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Small groin hematomas are not uncommon after percuatenous antegrade femoral angioplasty (PAFA) and are usually apparent clinically. The authors describe three patients of 235 who underwent PAFA, in whom occult, massive hemorrhage was detected after the procedure. All patients underwent fluoroscopically guided antegrade punctures, with adequate hemostasis achieved after the procedure. CT revealed extraperitoneal hematomas in two patients. One patient required surgical intervention with ligation of the inferior epigastric artery. The authors postulate that these hematomas arose due to inadvertent injury to a branch of the common femoral artery during the puncture. The radiologist should be aware of the chance occurrence of this occult, potentially life-threatening complication

283

4 cases of iliopsoas hematoma associated with hemophilia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Four patients were diagnosed as having iliopsoas hematoma associated with hemophilia by CT scanning. The site and disappearance of hematoma were observed on CT. It was suggested that hematoma occurs inside the iliacus or posoas muscle in cases of iliopsoas hematoma complicated by hemophilia or coagulation and that it occurs in the pelvic wall of the iliacus muscle in cases of iliopsoas hematoma uncomplicated by coagulation abnormality. (Namekawa, K.)

284

Subdural porous and notched mini-grid electrodes for wireless intracranial electroencephalographic recordings  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) studies are widely used in the presurgical evaluation of drug-refractory patients with partial epilepsy. Because chronic implantation of intracranial electrodes carries a risk of infection, hemorrhage, and edema, it is best to limit the number of electrodes used without compromising the ability to localize the epileptogenic zone (EZ). There is always a risk that an intracranial study may fail to identify the EZ because of suboptimal coverage. We present a new subdural electrode design that will allow better sampling of suspected areas of epileptogenicity with lower risk to patients. Method Impedance of the proposed electrodes was characterized in vitro using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The appearance of the novel electrodes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was tested by placing the electrodes into a gel solution (0.9% NaCl with 14 g gelatin). In vivo neural recordings were performed in male Sprague Dawley rats. Performance comparisons were made using microelectrode recordings from rat cortex and subdural/depth recordings from epileptic patients. Histological examinations of rat brain after 3-week icEEG intracerebral electroencephalography (icEEG) recordings were performed. Results The in vitro results showed minimum impedances for optimum choice of pure gold materials for electrode contacts and wire. Different attributes of the new electrodes were identified on MRI. The results of in vivo recordings demonstrated signal stability, 50% noise reduction, and up to 6 dB signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) improvement as compared to commercial electrodes. The wireless icEEG recording system demonstrated on average a 2% normalized root-mean-square (RMS) deviation. Following the long-term icEEG recording, brain histological results showed no abnormal tissue reaction in the underlying cortex. Conclusion The proposed subdural electrode system features attributes that could potentially translate into better icEEG recordings and allow sampling of large of areas of epileptogenicity at lower risk to patients. Further validation for use in humans is required. PMID:25525368

Salam, Muhammad Tariqus; Gélinas, Sébastien; Desgent, Sébastien; Duss, Sandra; Bernier Turmel, Félix; Carmant, Lionel; Sawan, Mohamad; Nguyen, Dang Khoa

2014-01-01

285

Delayed extradural hematoma : a case report.  

OpenAIRE

Three patients of delayed extradural hematoma (EDH) were seen in the last one year among forty eight consecutively treated cases of EDH. All the three hematomas were evacuated. Awareness of this entity and a high degree of vigilance are strongly recommended to detect such cases. Repeat CT should always be done, especially after decompression by either surgical or medical means, recovery from shock or whenever there is evidence of even minimal bleeding under a skull fracture on initial CT scan.

Alappat J; Baiju; Praveen; Jayakumar.K.; Sanalkumar P

2002-01-01

286

Delayed extradural hematoma: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three patients of delayed extradural hematoma (EDH) were seen in the last one year among forty eight consecutively treated cases of EDH. All the three hematomas were evacuated. Awareness of this entity and a high degree of vigilance are strongly recommended to detect such cases. Repeat CT should always be done, especially after decompression by either surgical or medical means, recovery from shock or whenever there is evidence of even minimal bleeding under a skull fracture on initial CT scan. PMID:12391460

Alappat, J P; Baiju; Praveen; Jayakumar, K; Sanalkumar, P

2002-09-01

287

Delayed extradural hematoma : a case report.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Three patients of delayed extradural hematoma (EDH were seen in the last one year among forty eight consecutively treated cases of EDH. All the three hematomas were evacuated. Awareness of this entity and a high degree of vigilance are strongly recommended to detect such cases. Repeat CT should always be done, especially after decompression by either surgical or medical means, recovery from shock or whenever there is evidence of even minimal bleeding under a skull fracture on initial CT scan.

Alappat J

2002-07-01

288

Rectus Sheath Hematoma Mimicking Acute Abdominal Pain  

OpenAIRE

Abdominal sheat hematoma is a rare cause of acute abdominal disorders and may be misdiagnosed from other causes of abdominal pain. Early diagnosis is mandatory in order to avoid morbidity or unnecessary surgery. We describe a case of an 55-year-old men receiving anticoagulants who presented with typical clinical manifestations of acute surgical abdomen. A computed tomography scans demonstrated a right rectus sheath hematoma. The patient was treated conservatively with success. It is important...

Huseyin Narci; Emin Turk; Murat Ugur; Erdal Karagulle

2012-01-01

289

Rectus sheath hematoma: three case reports  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Introduction Rectus sheath hematoma is an uncommon cause of acute abdominal pain. It is an accumulation of blood in the sheath of the rectus abdominis, secondary to rupture of an epigastric vessel or muscle tear. It could occur spontaneously or after trauma. They are usually located infraumblically and often misdiagnosed as acute abdomen, inflammatory diseases or tumours of the abdomen. Case presentation We reported three cases of rectus sheath hematoma...

Kapan Selin; Turhan Ahmet N; Alis Halil; Kalayci Mustafa U; Hatipoglu Sinan; Yigitbas Hakan; Aygun Ersan

2008-01-01

290

Anestesia subdural após punção peridural: relato de dois casos  

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Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Anestesias condutivas peridurais são realizadas amplamente no nosso meio. A anestesia subdural acidental após punção peridural é uma complicação rara. O objetivo deste relato é descrever dois casos de injeção subdural que coincidentemente ocorreram de forma consecutiva realizadas pelo mesmo anestesiologista. RELATO DOS CASOS: Caso 1: Paciente do sexo masculino, 41 anos, estado físico ASA I, a realizar procedimento cirúrgico de retirada de cálculo renal. Optou-se por anestesia peridural. Após 30 minutos do início da anestesia, o paciente mantinha-se comunicativo mas sonolento com SpO2 de 100%, quando lentamente começou a apresentar diminuição da SpO2 chegando a 80%. Apresentava-se inconsciente com apnéia e anisocoria. A partir deste momento foi levantada hipótese diagnóstica de anestesia subdural acidental. O paciente foi então intubado e mantido em ventilação controlada mecânica. Terminada a cirurgia, foi encaminhado para a sala de recuperação, recebendo alta após 6 horas, sem nenhuma alteração clínico-neurológica. Caso 2: Paciente do sexo feminino, 82 anos, estado físico ASA II, programado para procedimento cirúrgico de fixação de fratura transtrocanteriana. Optou-se por anestesia peridural contínua. Assim como no caso anterior, após 30 minutos, a paciente começou a apresentar diminuição da SpO2 para 90%. Mostrava-se inconsciente e com anisocoria; entretanto, sem apnéia. Optou-se por manter a paciente sob vigilância constante, não sendo necessária intubação. A hipótese diagnóstica aventada também neste caso foi de anestesia subdural acidental. Terminada a cirurgia, a paciente foi encaminhada à sala de recuperação pós-anestésica, tendo alta após 4 horas, sem nenhuma alteração clínico-neurológica. CONCLUSÕES: Anestesia subdural acidental é uma complicação extremamente rara. A hipótese diagnóstica de anestesia subdural acidental, nestes casos, limitou-se aos dados clínicos. As complicações do bloqueio subdural podem ser das mais variadas, mas na sua grande maioria são de fácil resolução, desde que sejam diagnosticadas e tratadas rapidamente.

Vásquez Carlos Escobar

2003-01-01

291

Severe inhibitor-negative acquired factor XIII/13 deficiency with aggressive subdural haemorrhage.  

Science.gov (United States)

Acquired factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is a common disease and seldom causes bleeding. However, severe FXIII deficiency may result in life-threatening bleeding. Although the inhibitor against FXIII has recently been focused as the cause of haemorrhagic acquired FXIII deficiency, the pathophysiology of inhibitor-negative cases could also be involved. We report a case of an 85-year-old Japanese man with serious subdural haemorrhage showing a remarkable decreased level of FXIII activity. He also manifested complications of compensated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) with chronic renal failure, abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and right renal carcinoma. Despite the successful evacuation of the haemorrhage, acute subdural haemorrhage subsequently developed that necessitated further craniotomies. Plasma cross-mixing studies and dot blot assay revealed no inhibitors against FXIII. We speculated that the decreased FXIII activity could be mainly due to hyperconsumption by DIC and surgery. Because plasma-derived FXIII concentrates are available to stop bleeding, clinicians should be aware of severe acquired inhibitor-negative FXIII deficiency in cases of unexplained excessive bleeding. PMID:23511901

Kawano, Hiroki; Yamamoto, Daisuke; Uchihashi, Yoshito; Wakahashi, Kanako; Kawano, Yuko; Sada, Akiko; Minagawa, Kentaro; Katayama, Yoshio; Kohmura, Eiji; Souri, Masayoshi; Ichinose, Akitada

2013-09-01

292

[Intramural hematomas of the aorta].  

Science.gov (United States)

Intramural hematomas (IMH) are regarded as a hemorrhage into the aortic wall. In general a traumatic form can de differentiated from a spontaneous non-traumatic. There is a predisposition of IMH with arterial hypertension and mesoectodermal dysplastic syndromes. The diagnosis is established with the clinical presentation in combination with the findings of different imaging modalities. Acute and subacute discomfort associated with a tendency of collaps are considered as typical presenting complaints. A semicircular or concentric thickening of the aortic wall with the absence of blood flow or a dissection membrane are typical findings in transesophageal echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance tomography. From a differential diagnostic point of view a distinction from atherosclerotic wall changes, intraluminal thrombi and inflammatory aortic diseases is essential. The IMH is considered as an early presentation of aortic dissection, put into and treated according to the Stanford classification. In the course of natural history an IMH can disappear, rupture or progress into a classic aortic dissection. PMID:11552379

Raab, B W; Vosshenrich, R; Fischer, U; Funke, M; Grabbe, E

2001-08-01

293

Peri-ictal complexity loss as determined by approximate entropy analysis in the electrocorticogram obtained from chronic subdural recordings in patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy / Análise por entropia aproximada da perda de complexidade peri-ictal no eletrocorticograma de pacientes com epilepsia refratária com origem no lobo temporal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese RACIONAL: O desenvolvimento de aparatos retroalimentáveis para o tratamento de pacientes epilépticos dependerá em grande parte do desenvolvimento adequado de paradigmas que possam antever as crises. Neste trabalho, estudamos a utilidade da entropia aproximada (ApEn), um paradigma não-linear, em paci [...] entes portadores de epilepsia. MÉTODOS: Aplicamos a análise de entropia aproximada (ApEn) no estudo de variabilidade da complexidade do eletrocorticograma (ECoG) de pacientes com epilepsia refratária com origem no lobo temporal. Três pacientes foram implantados com matrizes de eletrodos subdurais. O algoritmo ApEn mediu a complexidade das fases interictal, peri-ictal e ictal. Selecionamos um canal representativo de cada paciente manifestando atividade interictal e dois canais de cada paciente com registro ictal. RESULTADOS: Em cada paciente, encontramos um canal cuja atividade interictal registrada no ECoG foi associada a alta complexidade com ApEn maior que 0.59. Nos outros dois canais, para cada paciente que apresentou transição interictal/ictal, as manifestações clínicas das crises epilépticas ocorreram cerca de 3.5 segundos depois após a queda da entropia abaixo de 0.5. Em comparação, quando a entropia foi maior que 0.5, as manifestações clínicas ocorreram 9,5 segundos após a queda da entropia. A curta latência (3.5 segundos) indicou possivelmente o local de início da atividade focal. CONCLUSÕES: Nossos resultados sugerem que ApEn pode ser um instrumento útil na detecção precoce da atividade epiléptica. Sua aplicação pode estar indicada na prevenção ou diagnóstico das crises epilépticas. Abstract in english RATIONALE: The development of closed-loop devices suitable for use in the treatment of epileptic patients would very likely rely on the adequate development of paradigms able to forecast the occurrence of seizures. In this paper, we studied the usefulness of approximate enthropy, of a non-linear par [...] adigm, in this patient population. METHODS: We applied approximate entropy (ApEn) analysis to study the variability in the complexity of the peri-ictal electrocorticogram (ECoG) of patients with refractory epileptic seizures of the temporal lobe origin. Three patients were implanted with chronic subdural grids. The ApEn algorithm measured the complexity of interictal, peri-ictal and ictal phases. We selected one representative channel disclosing interictal activity for each patient and two channels per patient with ictal recordings. RESULTS: In all patients, we found one channel where the interictal activity registered in the ECoG was associated with high complexity and where ApEn was higher than 0.59. But in the other two channels, for each patient that presented interictal/ictal transitions, clinical manifestations of epileptic seizures occurred around 3.5 seconds after the entropy drop, when entropy was below 0.5. In contrast, when entropy was higher than 0.5, clinical manifestation occurred 9.5 seconds after the entropy drop. The 3.5 seconds shorter delay possibly indicates focal activity in the channel analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that ApEn may be a useful instrument for early detection of epileptic activity. Its application may be indicated for prevention and diagnosis of epileptic seizures.

Adhemar, Pettri Filho; Arthur, Cukiert; Luis, Diambra.

2006-12-01

294

Serial MR Imaging of Intramuscular Hematoma: Experimental Study in a Rat Model with the Pathologic Correlation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We wanted to demonstrate the temporal changes of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in experimentally-induced intramuscular hematomas in rats and to correlate these data with the concurrent pathologic observations. Intramuscular hematoma was induced in 30 rats. The MR images were obtained at 1, 4, 7 and 10 days and at 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after muscle injury. The characteristic serial MRI findings were evaluated and the relative signal intensities were calculated. Pathologic specimens were obtained at each time point. On the T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), the intramuscular hematomas exhibited isointensity compared to that of muscle or the development of a high signal intensity (SI) rim on day one after injury. The high SI persisted until eight weeks after injury. On the T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), the hematomas showed high SI or centrally low SI on day one after injury, and mainly high SI after four days. A dark signal rim was apparent after seven days, which was indicative of hemosiderin on the pathology. The gradient echo (GRE) imaging yielded dark signal intensities at all stages. Unlike brain hematomas, experimentally-induced intramuscular hematomas show increased SI on both the T1WI and T2WI from the acute stage onward, and this is pathologically correlated with a rich blood supply and rapid healing response to injury in the muscle. On the T2WI and GRE imaging, high SI with a peripheral dark signal rim is apparent from seven days to the chronic stage

Lee, Yeon Soo; Kim, Jong Ok; Choi, Eun Seok [Daejeon St. Mary' s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Soon Tae [Chungnam National University, School of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2011-02-15

295

Spontaneous subdural empyema in falciparum malaria : a case study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Clinical history : Malaria is one of the most common diseases in the tropical countries. Cerebralmalaria is usually a diffuse symmetric encephalopathy with focal signs being unusual.Methods : We present a three-year old girl lapsing into unconsciousness following a seizure whileundergoing treatment for malaria. Imaging revealed a large heterogenous density, left hemisphericacute subdural haematoma with brain herniation. Investigations revealed anaemia, thrombocytopeniaand positive peripheral blood smear for falciparum malaria.Results : Treatment involved surgical evacuation of the clot and the associated subdural empyema,intravenous quinine and antibiotics.Conclusion : This is the second case report of spontaneous subdural empyema in complicatedfalciparum malaria and highlights a rare but surgically manageable complication.

S. Dwarakanath, A. Suri , A.K. Mahapatra

2004-09-01

296

Nontraumatic spinal epidural hematomas. MR features  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is a rare clinical entity with a bleak outcome. The aim of our study was to establish the value of MR findings in the diagnosis of nontraumatic SEH. Material and Methods: Seven patients with nontraumatic SEH were examined by MR at 1.5 T. Two patients were under anticoagulation therapy with heparin, and 2 others were taking salicylic acid. One patient had lupus erythematodes with a marked thrombocytopenia. One patient had a spinal arteriovenous malformation. Results: MR imaging permitted the accurate localization of extradural intraspinal expansive lesions which exhibited the characteristic signal intensities of blood. Five patients underwent laminectomy and evacuation of the hematoma. In the acute phase, the hematomas appeared isointense when compared with the spinal cord on T1-weighted images and hyperintense on T2-weighted images. Later the hematomas were hyperintense on T1-weighted images and showed signals identical to those of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on T2-weighted images. Conclusion: MR imaging established the exact diagnosis and localization of SEH in all cases. MR also can provide useful information about the age of the hematomas. (orig.)

297

Evaluation of Risk Factors for Rectus Sheath Hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) develops due to rupture of epigastric arteries or the rectus muscle. Although RSH incidence rate is low, it poses a significant diagnostic dilemma. We evaluated the risk factors for RSH, its presentation, management, and outcomes for 115 patients hospitalized with confirmed RSH by computed tomography scan between January 2005 and June 2009. More than three-fourth (77.4%) of the patients were on anticoagulation therapy, 58.3% patients had chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage ?3, 51.3% had abdominal injections, 41.7% were on steroids/immunosuppressant therapy, 37.4% had abdominal surgery/trauma, 33.9% had cough, femoral puncture was performed in 31.3% of patients, and 29.5% were on antiplatelet therapy. Rectus sheath hematoma was not an attributable cause in any of the 17 deaths. Mortality was significantly higher in patients with CKD stage ?3 (P = .03) or who required transfusion (P = .007). Better understanding of RSH risk factors will facilitate early diagnoses and improve management. PMID:25294636

Sheth, Heena S; Kumar, Rohit; DiNella, Jeannine; Janov, Cheryl; Kaldas, Hoda; Smith, Roy E

2014-10-01

298

Subdural injection of contrast medium as a complication of myelography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In a retrospective evaluation of 654 canine and feline myelograms, 58 were found to have been complicated by injection of the contrast medium into the subdural space. The medium was present predominantly dorsal to the spinalcord, with a sharp dorsal border and an undulating ventral border. Confirmation that this myelographic appearance was due to subdural localisation was achieved using fresh cadavers injected with contrast medium labelled with Indian ink. It was further showed that the dorsal accumulation of contrast medium was due to the denticulate ligaments which restricted the ventral extension of the contrast medium

299

Intramural duodenal hematoma as a complication of therapy with Warfarin: a case report and literature review; Hematoma intramural duodenal como complicacao de terapia anticoagulante com Warfarin: relato de caso e revisao da literatura  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report a case of a patient receiving chronic oral anticoagulant therapy with Warfarin who presented with acute intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography showed intramural duodenal hematoma. Treatment was conservative with correction of the coagulation parameters and observation. This case exemplifies the usefulness of conservative therapy and computed tomography in patients with acute small bowel obstruction receiving anticoagulant therapy. (author)

Faria, Juliano [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Diagnostico por Imagem]. E-mail: drjuliano@uol.com.br; Pessoa, Roberta; Hudson, Marcelo; Vitoi, Silvio; Villela, Ovidio; Torres, Jose; Paula, Mara Delgado [Hospital Marcio Cunha, Ipatinga, MG (Brazil). Servico de Diagnostico por Imagem; Bemvindo, Aloisio [Hospital Marcio Cunha, Ipatinga, MG (Brazil). Servico de Terapia Intensiva

2004-12-01

300

Muscle hematoma: A critically important complication of alcoholic liver cirrhosis  

OpenAIRE

An iliopsoas hematoma can occur either spontaneously or secondary to trauma or bleeding tendency due to hemophilia and anticoagulant therapy. Although liver cirrhosis is commonly associated with coagulopathy, iliopsoas hematoma is very rare. We herein, present a case of bilateral iliopsoas hematoma in a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis, and review the literature on muscle hematoma associated with cirrhosis. A 56-year-old man with alcoholic cirrhosis was admitted in a state of shock with anemi...

Chiyo Sugiyama, Akifumi Akai

2009-01-01

301

Delayed orbital hematoma after lateral canthoplasty.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 76-year-old man was referred to the oculoplastic surgery service with a retrobulbar hemorrhage 1 day after intraocular surgery. A canthotomy and inferior cantholysis was performed. The patient then developed a new orbital hematoma in the region of the canthotomy 14 days later. The patient was treated conservatively with warm compresses and close observation with continued resolution of the secondary hematoma. Visual complications from the secondary hematoma may have been avoided by delaying closure of the initial canthotomy wound. Ophthalmologists should be aware of the risk of bleeding after lateral canthal procedures, particularly in patients who have already presented with ocular or periocular hemorrhagic complications. A brief review of orbital hemorrhage following eyelid surgery is provided. PMID:20683370

Kim, David Y; Lelli, Gary J

2010-01-01

302

Delayed epidural hematoma after mild head injury  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background. Traumatic delayed epidural hematoma (DEH can be defined as insignificant or not seen on the initial CT scan performed after a trauma but seen on the subsequent CT scan as a “massive” epidural bleeding. Case report. We presented two cases of traumatic DEH after mild head injury. Both patients were conscious and without neurological deficit on the admission. Initial CT scan did not reveal intracranial hematoma. Repeated CT scan, that was performed after neurological deterioration, revealed epidural hematoma in both cases. The patients were operated with a favorable surgical outcome. Conclusion. Traumatic DEH could occur in the patients with head injuries who were conscious on the admission with a normal initial CT scan finding. Early detection of DEH and an urgent surgical evacuation were essential for a good outcome.

Radulovi? Danilo

2005-01-01

303

Rectus sheath hematoma: three case reports  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Rectus sheath hematoma is an uncommon cause of acute abdominal pain. It is an accumulation of blood in the sheath of the rectus abdominis, secondary to rupture of an epigastric vessel or muscle tear. It could occur spontaneously or after trauma. They are usually located infraumblically and often misdiagnosed as acute abdomen, inflammatory diseases or tumours of the abdomen. Case presentation We reported three cases of rectus sheath hematoma presenting with a mass in the abdomen and diagnosed by computerized tomography. The patients recovered uneventfully after bed rest, intravenous fluid replacement, blood transfusion and analgesic treatment. Conclusion Rectus sheath hematoma is a rarely seen pathology often misdiagnosed as acute abdomen that may lead to unnecessary laparotomies. Computerized tomography must be chosen for definitive diagnosis since ultrasonography is subject to error due to misinterpretation of the images. Main therapy is conservative management.

Kapan Selin

2008-01-01

304

Hematoma retroperitoneal espontáneo: Caso clínico Spontaneous retroperitoneal hematoma: Report of one case  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Spontaneous retroperitoneal hematoma is a rare condition. We report a 78 year-old man with progressive pain in his right thigh and hip lasting one week. The pain subsequently was associated with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant. Physical examination revealed pain to deep palpation of the area, associated with a diffuse positive rebound pain. An abdominal and pelvis CT scan showed an extensive mesenteric hematoma. During surgery, a large retroperitoneal encapsulated hematoma, without evidence of active bleeding, was found and drained. Pathology confirmed the diagnosis and was negative for cancer (RevMéd Chile 2007; 135:1044-7

Carlos Alvarez Z

2007-08-01

305

Abscesso subdural ao nível da cauda equina: relato de um caso Subdural abscess at cauda equina level: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available É relatada a observação de um paciente de 42 anos, com paraplegia flácida devida a abscesso subdural ao nível da cauda equina. É realçada a pobreza de alterações sensitivas e esfincterianas neste caso e enfatizada a importância da cirurgia para obtenção de bons resultados.A case of staphylococcal subdural abscess at cauda equina level region in a 42 year old male patient is reported. The neurological signs presented in this condition are discussed briefly and it is pointed out the importance of laminectomy associated to antibiotic treatment to achieve good outcome.

Antonio Cesar G. Borges

1977-09-01

306

Abscesso subdural ao nível da cauda equina: relato de um caso / Subdural abscess at cauda equina level: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese É relatada a observação de um paciente de 42 anos, com paraplegia flácida devida a abscesso subdural ao nível da cauda equina. É realçada a pobreza de alterações sensitivas e esfincterianas neste caso e enfatizada a importância da cirurgia para obtenção de bons resultados. [...] Abstract in english A case of staphylococcal subdural abscess at cauda equina level region in a 42 year old male patient is reported. The neurological signs presented in this condition are discussed briefly and it is pointed out the importance of laminectomy associated to antibiotic treatment to achieve good outcome. [...

Antonio Cesar G., Borges; Rodinei R., Festugato.

1977-09-01

307

Atypical CT findings of acute epidural hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One of the classic CT findings is characterized by a lenticular high density in acute epidural hematomas. However, several atypical CT findings in acute epidural hematomas have been reported lately. We have ourselves met three cases of acute epidural hematomas, in which there were low-or isodensity spots within typical high-density areas. Case 1: a 74-year-old male, a victim of a traffic accident, showing a high degree of anemia (Ht: 14%, Hb: 2.8 g/dl.) secondary to massive subcutaneous hemorrhage resulting from traumatic DIC. His CT, taken 12 hours after the head injury, disclosed bubble-like low density spots in a typical high-density area. Case 2: a 9-month-old baby boy, who had fallen to the ground from a height of 25 cm, was also anemic on admission (Ht: 17%, Hb: 5.2 g/dl.). An initial CT-scan, 7 hours after head injury, again disclosed a huge low density spot in the center of a typical high-density area. Case 3: an 11-year-old girl, involved in a car accident. A CT-scan, taken 4.5 hours after head injury, showed a low-density spot in the center of a high-density area. In her case, however, there was no evidence of significant anemia. In these three cases, the CT findings were close to one another in appearance, namely, classic lenticular high-density areas, spotted with round low-or isodensity areas within those hematomas. The causative factors have been thought be one of the following: a markedly low hemoglobin value, a time difference in the coagulation proces time difference in the coagulation process within the same hematomas, or a possible leakage of CSF into the hematomas from a dural tear. It seemed that no single causative factor was responsible in these three cases; rather, it seems that multiple factors had progressed simultaneously. (author)

308

Pulsative hematoma: A penile fracture complication  

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Full Text Available Background. Fracture of the penis is a direct blunt trauma of the erect or semi-erect penis. It can be treated by conservative or surgical means. Retrospective analyses of conservative penile fracture treatment reveal frequent immediate and later complications. Case report. We presented a 41- year-old patient with pulsative hematoma caused by an unusual fracture of the penis. Fracture had appeared 40 days before the admittance during a sexual intercourse. The patient was treated surgically. Conclusion. Pulsative hematoma (pulsative diverticulum is a very rare, early complication of a conservatively treated penile fracture. Surgical treatment has an advantage over surgical one, which was confirmed by our case report.

Nale ?or?e

2007-01-01

309

Nontraumatic intracranial epidural hematoma: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

An outwardly mummified and inwardly badly decomposed body was found in a garage. At autopsy, no injuries were detected. Apart from coronary heart disease, with an old myocardial scar and a hepatic steatosis, the most striking finding was a large intracranial epidural hemorrhage situated at the left frontal lobe. As a relevant traumatic genesis could be ruled out, we deemed this a nontraumatic epidural hematoma. This finding is extremely rare. Several underlying disorders have been discussed as causes of spontaneous epidural hematomas. In this presented case, the authors discuss possible etiological factors. PMID:17721172

Bolliger, Stephan A; Thali, Michael J; Zollinger, Ulrich

2007-09-01

310

Subdural empyema due to Lactococcus lactis cremoris: case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lactococcus lactis cremoris (L. lactis cremoris) infections are very rare in humans. Only three case reports of brain abscess have been reported and the infectious routes and pathological features are still unknown. We experienced a subdural empyema due to L. lactis cremoris in an immunocompetent adult. A 33-year-old man was admitted with fever, right facial pain, left hemiparesis, and left hemianopsia. Computed tomography demonstrated low density fluid collection in the right falcotentorial subdural space. Magnetic resonance (MR) images revealed a high signal lesion on a diffusion-weighted image (DWI) and fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images in the right paratentorial and parafalcine subdural space, right maxillary sinus, and bilateral ethmoidal sinus. He underwent two sequential open surgeries for removal and drainage of empyema and was treated with antibiotics including meropenem and ampicillin. To our knowledge, this is the first report of subdural empyema caused by L. lactis cremoris infection. We report the case and discuss the pathological features with the previous literature. PMID:24257498

Inoue, Mizuho; Saito, Atsushi; Kon, Hiroyuki; Uchida, Hiroki; Koyama, Shinya; Haryu, Shinya; Sasaki, Tatsuya; Nishijima, Michiharu

2014-01-01

311

[Subdural empyema. Present possibilities of diagnosis and therapy].  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors give an account of their experience with the diagnosis and treatment of subdural empyema. In 1953-1991 in the neurosurgical department in Olomouc a total of five patients with this diagnosis were treated. None of them died. In all patients before operation symptoms of meningeal irritation, fever and in four patients a focal neurological symptomatology was observed. The authors reached the conclusion that the best surgical approach is craniotomy or craniectomy which should be preferred to minor surgical operations. Treatment of the primary inflammatory focus leading to the development of subdural empyema must be part of the intracranial operation. Regular postoperative follow-up of the patient by means of CT makes it possible to detect in time relapses and leads to early surgical operation. The authors mention experience focused on possible errors in the CT diagnosis. The creation of the picture of subdural collection precedes oedema of the hemisphere with a shift of the structures in the median line. The subdural collection occurs in the subsequent stage of development of the disease. PMID:1353416

Kala, M; Machác, J; Chrobok, J; Vaverka, M; Houdek, M

1992-04-24

312

Hematoma espontâneo do músculo reto abdominal Spontaneous hematoma of the rectus sheath  

OpenAIRE

Spontaneous hematoma of the rectus sheath is a rare entity, which may be confused with the surgical causes of acute abdomen. We present a well succeeded conservative therapy in a woman in the 7th decade of life.

Leonardo Fernandes Valentim; Glauco de Lima Rodrigues; Renato de Medina Coeli

2005-01-01

313

Acute subdural and intratemporal hematoma as a complication of percutaneous compression of the gasserian ganglion for trigeminal neuralgia / Hematoma subdural e intraparenquimatoso agudo como complicación de la compresión percutánea del ganglio de Gasser  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 68 años de edad con neuralgia esencial del trigémino que fue operado mediante compresión percutanea del ganglio de Gasser y desarrolló una hemorragia intracraneal que resultó fatal. La complicación se relacionó probablemente con el emplazamiento erróneo del cate [...] ter de Fogarty y el inflado del balón fuera del cavum de Meckel. Se analiza la disposición de las estructuras anatómicas susceptibles de sufrir daño mecánico durante este procedimiento quirúrgico y se comentan algunos aspectos técnicos a tener en cuenta para prevenir el desarrollo de complicaciones como la ocurrida en nuestro paciente. Abstract in english The case of a 68 year-old man who developed a fatal intracranial hemorrhagic complication following percutaneous compression of the gasserian ganglion for trigeminal neuralgia is reported. The complication was likely related to improper placement of the Fogarty catheter into the temporal fossa out o [...] f the Mecke1,s cave. The anatomical structures at risk of damage by misplaced needle or catheter and some relevant thecnical details aimed to prevent extratrigeminal complications related with this and other percutaneous trigeminal lesioning procedures are analyzed.

I., Arrese; R.D., Lobato; J.F., Alén; A., Lagares; P., Miranda.

2005-04-01

314

Type III Rectus Sheath Hematoma: A Case Report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A rectus sheath hematoma occurs an accumulation of blood in the sheath of the rectus abdominis, secondary to rupture of an epigastric arteries or their branches or rectus muscle tear. The choice of effective treatment of rectus sheath hematoma and the decision to admit the patient to hospital depends on the degree of haemodynamic compromise, coagulation status as well as the type of the hematoma on abdominopelvic computerized tomography scans. In this article, we report a case of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma presenting with acute abdominal pain associated with a palpable abdominal wall mass. Furthermore, diagnosis, classification, and management of rectus sheath hematoma in the emergency room are discussed.

Yalç?n GÖLCÜK

2012-01-01

315

Subcapsular hepatic hematoma. Serious complication during pregnancy Hematoma subcapsular hepático. Grave complicación del embarazo  

OpenAIRE

Subcapsular hepatic hematoma is a rare complication during pregnancy, but potentially lethal and usually related to severe pre-eclampsia or HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and diminished platelets). Maternal and perinatal mortality in these cases is high, hence the importance of early diagnosis and timely and multidisciplinary treatment. This paper is a review on the subject, held in Ebsco, Hinari and Sci databases.El hematoma subcapsular hepático es una complicación r...

Viviana de la Caridad Sáez Cantero; María Teresa Pérez Hernández

2010-01-01

316

Intramural hematoma of colon having traumatic origin  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author presents a case of intramural hematoma of colon having traumatic origin, which triggered intestinal occlusion and was successfully treated though a right hemicolectomy.This is a rare form of anatomo clinical traumatic affectation of colon.The importance of CAT scan in its diagnosis and treatment planning should be highlighted

317

Spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma during rivaroxaban therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rivaroxaban is an oral anticoagulant agent that directly inhibits Factor Xa and interrupts both the intrinsic and extrinsic pathway of the coagulation cascade and is currently indicated for use in patients for atrial fibrillation and prophylaxis of deep venous thrombosis. The present case reports of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma during rivaroxaban therapy for atrial fibrillation in a 75-year-old woman. PMID:24987185

Kocayigit, Ibrahim; Can, Yusuf; Sahinkus, Salih; Ayd?n, Ercan; Vatan, Mehmet Bulent; K?l?c, Harun; Gunduz, Huseyin

2014-01-01

318

Concurrent Intracranial and Spinal Subdural Hematoma in a Teenage Athlete: A Case Report of This Rare Entity  

OpenAIRE

A 15-year-old male high school football player presented with episodes of headache and complete body stiffness, especially in the arms, lower back, and thighs, immediately following a football game. This was accompanied by severe nausea and vomiting for several days. Viral meningitis was suspected by the primary clinician, and treatment with corticosteroids was initiated. Over the next several weeks, there was gradual symptom improvement and the patient returned to his baseline clinical statu...

Treister, Daniel S.; Kingston, Sara E.; Gabriel Zada; Manu Singh; Jones, Jesse G. A.; Mills, Jena N.; Alexander Lerner; Boyko, Orest B.; Meng Law; Anandh Rajamohan; Shiroishi, Mark S.

2014-01-01

319

Preoperative cisternoscintigraphy as a guide to therapeutic decision making for cystic subdural hygroma: case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a case of a patient with cystic subdural hygroma who underwent pre-operative Tc-99m DTPA cistrenoscintigraphy to determine the course of operation. A 68-year-old female was admitted to the department of neurosurgery because of scute subarachnoid hemorrhage. After emergency ventricular drainage, the hydrocephalus and cystic subdural hygroma in the right fronto-temporal area developed. She underwent Tc-99m DTPA cisternoscintigraphy to evaluate the type of hydrocephalus, which revealed obstructive communicating hydrocephalus and the communication between the subdural hygroma and the subarachnoid space. As a result of these findings, she underwent the ventriculo-peritoneal shunt operation without removal of the subdural hygroma. Post-operative brain CT showed nearly normalized shape and size of the right ventricle and disappearance of subdural hygroma. We recommend the pre-operative cisternoscintigraphy in patients with complex hygroma to evaluate the communication between subdural hygroma and the subarachnoid space.=20

320

Intramural esophageal hematoma after elective injection sclerotherapy / Hematoma intramural esofágico após escleroterapia eletiva de varizes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: Apesar do fato de que a escleroterapia endoscópica de varizes esofágicas vem sendo largamente substituída pela técnica de ligadura elástica, a escleroterapia é ainda rotineiramente utilizada em muitas instituições, especialmente em países em desenvolvimento. O hematoma intramural esofágico [...] é uma complicação rara da escleroterapia e os fatores de risco para seu desenvolvimento ainda não estão completamente estabelecidos. OBJETIVO - Demonstrar a incidência do hematoma intramural esofágico pós-escleroterapia no Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, e discutir os possíveis fatores envolvidos. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo retrospectivo observacional realizado no Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, através da revisão dos prontuários médicos de todos os pacientes submetidos a escleroterapia endoscópica de varizes esofágicas entre abril de 2000 e novembro de 2005. Uma avaliação das características clínicas, laboratoriais e endoscópicas desses pacientes e dos descritos na literatura foi realizada. A revisão da literatura foi feita através de pesquisa no MEDLINE. RESULTADOS: Foram realizados 1.433 procedimentos de escleroterapia endoscópica de varizes esofágicas em 397 pacientes, com incidência de hematoma intramural esofágico de 4 casos (0,28%). Três dos quatro pacientes desenvolveram complicações adicionais e um falecimento foi consequência direta do hematoma intramural esofágico. Dezenove casos bem documentados de hematoma intramural esofágico foram descritos na literatura. Na maioria dos casos o hematoma intramural esofágico ocorreu a partir da quarta sessão de escleroterapia endoscópica de varizes esofágicas e distúrbios de coagulação estavam presentes. CONCLUSÃO: O hematoma intramural esofágico é complicação rara da escleroterapia e a incidência no hospital onde foi realizada esta pesquisa foi similar à observada na literatura. Este estudo sugere que essa complicação resulta de mucosa fragilizada por sessões previa de escleroterapia endoscópica de varizes esofágicas. Distúrbios da coagulação, apesar de não serem essenciais, podem contribuir para a formação e extensão do hematoma através da submucosa esofágica. Abstract in english CONTEXT: Although endoscopic esophageal variceal sclerotherapy has been largely supplanted by variceal band ligation, it is still performed routinely in many institutions, especially in developing countries. Intramural esophageal hematoma has been described as a rare complication of sclerotherapy. R [...] isk factors have not been completely established. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the incidence of post-sclerotherapy intramural esophageal hematoma in our hospital and discuss the possible factors involved. Methods - This is a retrospective observational study made at the "Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho", Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, reviewing the medical records of all esophageal variceal sclerotherapy procedures performed from April 2000 to November 2005. The evaluation of the clinical, laboratorial and endoscopic features in our patients and those reported in the literature was also done. Review of literature was performed through MEDLINE search. RESULTS: A total of 1,433 esophageal variceal sclerotherapy procedures were performed in 397 patients, with an intramural esophageal hematoma incidence of 4 cases (0.28%). Three of our patients developed additional complications, and one death was a direct consequence of a rupture of the hematoma. Nineteen well described cases were reported in the literature. Intramural esophageal hematoma occurred mostly after the forth esophageal variceal sclerotherapy session. Coagulation disturbances were present in the majority of cases. CONCLUSION: Intramural esophageal hematoma is a rare complication of esophageal variceal sclerotherapy and its incidence in our institution was similar to those observed in the literature. Our study suggests that this com

Hannah Pitanga, Lukashok; Carlos, Robles-Medranda; Marília de Andrade, Santana; Marcia Henriques Magalhães, Costa; Adriana de Almeida, Borges; Cyrla, Zaltmani.

2009-12-01

321

Cerebrovascular diseases and computed tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CT findings of cerebrovascular diseases such as cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, subarachnoideal hemorrhage were reviewed with representative figures. Differential diagnosis in chronic subdural hematoma and cerebral tumor and limitations of CT diagnosis were also mentioned. (Ueda, J.)

322

Subdural porous and notched mini-grid electrodes for wireless intracranial electroencephalographic recordings  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Muhammad Tariqus Salam,1 Sébastien Gélinas,1 Sébastien Desgent,2 Sandra Duss,2 Félix Bernier Turmel,1,3 Lionel Carmant,2 Mohamad Sawan,1 Dang Khoa Nguyen3 1Polystim Neurotechnologies Laboratory, Polytechnique Montréal, QC, Canada; 2Research Center, Sainte-Justine University Hospital Center (CHU Sainte-Justine, Université de Montréal, QC, Canada; 3Neurology Service, Department of Medicine, Notre-Dame Hospital, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM, QC, Canada Background: Intracranial electroencephalography (EEG studies are widely used in the presurgical evaluation of drug-refractory patients with partial epilepsy. Because chronic implantation of intracranial electrodes carries a risk of infection, hemorrhage, and edema, it is best to limit the number of electrodes used without compromising the ability to localize the epileptogenic zone (EZ. There is always a risk that an intracranial study may fail to identify the EZ because of suboptimal coverage. We present a new subdural electrode design that will allow better sampling of suspected areas of epileptogenicity with lower risk to patients. Method: Impedance of the proposed electrodes was characterized in vitro using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The appearance of the novel electrodes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI was tested by placing the electrodes into a gel solution (0.9% NaCl with 14 g gelatin. In vivo neural recordings were performed in male Sprague Dawley rats. Performance comparisons were made using microelectrode recordings from rat cortex and subdural/depth recordings from epileptic patients. Histological examinations of rat brain after 3-week icEEG intracerebral electroencephalography (icEEG recordings were performed. Results: The in vitro results showed minimum impedances for optimum choice of pure gold materials for electrode contacts and wire. Different attributes of the new electrodes were identified on MRI. The results of in vivo recordings demonstrated signal stability, 50% noise reduction, and up to 6 dB signal-to-noise ratio (SNR improvement as compared to commercial electrodes. The wireless icEEG recording system demonstrated on average a 2% normalized root-mean-square (RMS deviation. Following the long-term icEEG recording, brain histological results showed no abnormal tissue reaction in the underlying cortex. Conclusion: The proposed subdural electrode system features attributes that could potentially translate into better icEEG recordings and allow sampling of large of areas of epileptogenicity at lower risk to patients. Further validation for use in humans is required. Keywords: epilepsy, seizure, monitoring, surgery, electrodes

Salam MT

2014-12-01

323

Groin hematoma after electrophysiological procedures-incidence and predisposing factors  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Objectives. We evaluated the incidence and predisposing factors of groin hematomas after electrophysiological (EP) procedures. Design. Prospective, observational study, enrolling consecutive patients after EP procedures (Atrial fibrillation: n = 151; Supraventricular tachycardia/Diagnostic EP: n = 82; Ventricular tachycardia: n = 18). Patients underwent manual compression for 10 min and 3 h post procedural bed rest. AF ablations were performed with INR 2-3, ACT > 300, and no protamine sulfate. Adhesive pressure dressings (APDs) were used if sheath size ? 10F; procedural time > 120 min; and BMI > 30. Patient-reported hematomas were recorded by a telephone follow-up after 2 weeks. Results. Hematoma developed immediately in 26 patients (10%) and after 14 days significant hematoma was reported in 68 patients (27%). Regression analysis on sex, age, BMI 25, ACT 300, use of APD, sheath size and number, and complicated venous access was not associated with hematoma, either immediately after the procedure or after 14 days. Any hematoma presenting immediately after procedures was associated with patient-reported hematomas after 14 days, odds ratio 18.7 (CI 95%: 5.00-69.8; P < 0.001). Conclusions. Any hematoma immediately after EP procedures was the sole predictor of patient-reported hematoma after 2 weeks. Initiatives to prevent groin hematoma should focus on the procedure itself as well as post-procedural care.

Dalsgaard, Anja Borgen; Jakobsen, Christina Spåbæk

2014-01-01

324

Unilateral subdural motor cortex stimulation improves essential tremor but not Parkinson's disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Epidural motor cortex stimulation has been reported to be effective in treating some movement disorders. Nevertheless, clinical results have been variable and no double-blinded evaluations have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate efficacy and safety of unilateral subdural motor cortex stimulation in patients with essential tremor and Parkinson's disease. Six patients with essential tremor and five parkinsonian patients were selected. Craniotomy was performed under local anaesthesia with conscious sedation. A four contact electrode (Resume II model 3587, Medtronic, Inc) was positioned on the motor cortex, after identification of the area with direct monopolar cortical stimulation. Soon after surgery, a variety of different settings of stimulation were assessed using standard rating scales to select the optimal stimulation parameters. The effects of chronic stimulation were evaluated in both groups of patients after 3 months (double-blinded fashion) and 1 year (open fashion). In essential tremor, contralateral hand tremor scores significantly improved (P?=?0.04) with stimulation during the double-blinded study, whereas in Parkinson's disease, there were no changes in the OFF medication/on stimulation motor scores compared with off stimulation. At 1 year, tremor was improved by stimulation in two out of three patients with essential tremor available at follow-up, whereas no improvement was observed in the five parkinsonian patients. One parkinsonian patient had a cortical venous infarct. Three other patients had self-limiting seizures with aggressive trials of stimulation in the period of dosage selection. These findings suggest that unilateral subdural motor cortex stimulation may be useful for contralateral hand tremor in selected patients with essential tremor but was not effective in improving parkinsonian signs in our series. PMID:21646329

Moro, Elena; Schwalb, Jason M; Piboolnurak, Panida; Poon, Yu-Yan W; Hamani, Clement; Hung, Serena W; Arenovich, Tamara; Lang, Anthony E; Chen, Robert; Lozano, Andres M

2011-07-01

325

MR imaging of epidural hematoma in the lumbar spine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To bring attention to the MR imaging appearance of epidural hematoma (EDH) in the lumbar spine as a small mass often associated with disk herniation or an acute event. This paper will show our experience with this entity and describe criteria for its MR imaging appearance. Design and patients. Thirteen cases of prospectively diagnosed EDH of the lumbar spine were compared with 12 cases of prospectively diagnosed prominent epidural extrusion. Our criteria were retrospectively evaluated by the two authors for their presence or absence in each case. The chi-square test for nominal data was applied. MR imaging criteria utilized to distinguish EDH from disk herniation at our institution include: (1) signal different from disk, (2) high signal on T1-weighted images, either centrally or peripherally, (3) teardrop- or egg-shaped mass, in the sagittal plane, (4) size greater than half the vertebral body height in a craniocaudal dimension, (5) primarily retrosomatic epidural location, (6) plasticity - the mass is seen to conform closely to the contours of bone (e.g., in the lateral recess), (7) little or no disk space narrowing unless associated with disc herniation. Chi-square analysis demonstrated each criterion to significantly differentiate between EDH and extrusion. Only six of 13 EDH cases went to surgery in spite of their relatively large size. Two of six patients were diagnosed as having epidural clot consistent with hematoma at the time of surgery. The four patients wh the time of surgery. The four patients who were not diagnosed at surgery revealed only small disk herniations or fragments of disk. The occurrence of EDH is more frequent than previously suspected. Spontaneous EDH is frequently associated with disk herniation and acute events such as sneezing or coughing. Most cases of spontaneous EDH will resolve prior to surgery with only the minority becoming chronic in order to be seen at surgery as an encapsulated mass. MR imaging can reliably identify EDH and distinguish between EDH and large disk extrusions. (orig.)

326

Aneurysmal Subdural Hemorrhage Due To Pericallosal Artery Aneurysms  

OpenAIRE

Acute subdural haematoma (SDH) in association with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from a pericallosal artery aneurysm is extremely rare. Although rare, failure to diagnose such an uncommon aneurysm can lead to fatal errors in surgical planning for SDH. A 73-years old woman was brought to the emergency department complaining of acute onset severe headache and depressed level of consciousness. There was no history of trauma. On neurological examination, the patient was unconscious, un...

Kaya, Dilaver; Usseli?, I?mre; Necmettin Pami?r, M.; Benbi?r, Gulcin; Ozduman, Koray

2011-01-01

327

Spontaneous subdural empyema in falciparum malaria : a case study  

OpenAIRE

Clinical history : Malaria is one of the most common diseases in the tropical countries. Cerebralmalaria is usually a diffuse symmetric encephalopathy with focal signs being unusual.Methods : We present a three-year old girl lapsing into unconsciousness following a seizure whileundergoing treatment for malaria. Imaging revealed a large heterogenous density, left hemisphericacute subdural haematoma with brain herniation. Investigations revealed anaemia, thrombocytopeniaand positive peripheral ...

S Dwarakanath, A. Suri

2004-01-01

328

Interhemispheric empyema. An unusual form of subdural empyema.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 16 year old male was admitted with a clinical picture suggesting an intracranial pyogenic infection. He also has focal convulsions and left abducens palsy. CT scan showed a subdural empyema with interhemispheric extension. Since the patient was improving clinically, neurosurgical intervention was deferred. Spontaneous interhemispheric empyema is an uncommon condition. In our case conservative management was curative in what is considered a neurosurgical emergency. PMID:2574172

Lalkaka, J A; Parikh, J M; Nath, A R; Meisheri, Y V; Vengsarkar, U S; Deshpande, D V

1989-06-01

329

A hybrid PDMS-Parylene subdural multi-electrode array  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, we report on a cost effective and simple method for fabricating a flexible multi-electrode array for subdural neural recording. The electrode was fabricated using a PDMS-Parylene bilayer to combine the major advantages of both materials. Mechanical and electrical characterizations were performed to confirm functionality of a 16-site electrode array under various flexed/bent conditions. The electrode array was helically wound around a 3 mm diameter cylindrical tube and laid over...

Ochoa, Manuel; Wei, Pinghung; Wolley, Andrew; Otto, Kevin J.; Ziaie, Babak

2013-01-01

330

Subdural haematoma and axonal polyneuropathy complicating dengue fever  

OpenAIRE

The authors report a case of dengue fever presenting with aseptic meningoencephalitis and developing subdural haematoma and pure motor quadriparesis due to axonal polyneuropathy. This 27-year-old female patient presented to us during the latter part of the dengue epidemic in India in 2010. She had mild thrombocytopaenia and subtle signs of capillary leak. Dengue-specific IgM antibody was positive. She presented initially with recurrent seizures. Initial CT scan of brain was normal with cerebr...

Mittal, Madhukar; Jain, Nirdesh

2011-01-01

331

Paradigms for subdural grids' implantation in patients with refractory epilepsy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available RATIONALE: The need for invasive monitoring in patients with refractory epilepsy has been greatly reduced by the introduction of new technologies such as PET, SPECT and MRI in the clinical practice. On the other hand, 10 to 30% of the patients with refractory epilepsy have non-localizatory non-invasive preoperative work-up results. This paper reports on the paradigms for subdural electrodes implantation in patients with different refractory epileptic syndromes. METHODS: Twenty-nine adult refractory epileptic patients were studied. Patients were divided into five different epileptic syndromes that represented the majority of the patients who needed invasive recordings: bitemporal (Group I; n=16 , bi-frontal-mesial (Group II, n=5, hemispheric (Group III; n=2, anterior quadrant (Group IV; n=3 and posterior quadrant (Group V; n=3. All of them were submitted to extensive subdural electrodes' implantation (from 64 to 160 contacts covering all the cortical surface potentially involved in epileptogenesis under general anesthesia. Results: All patients tolerated well the procedure. There was no sign or symptom of intracranial hypertension except for headache in 22 patients. In all except one Group II patient, prolonged electrocorticographic monitoring using the described subdural cortical coverage patterns was able to define a focal area amenable for resection. In all Groups II-V patients cortical stimulation was able to adequately map the rolandic and speach areas as necessary. CONCLUSION: Despite recent technological advances invasive neurophysiological studies are still necessary in some patients with refractory epilepsy. The standardization of the paradigms for subdural implantation coupled to the study of homogeneous patients' populations as defined by MRI will certainly lead to a better understanding of the pathophysiology involved in such cases and an improved surgical outcome.

CUKIERT ARTHUR

2000-01-01

332

Pulsative hematoma: A penile fracture complication  

OpenAIRE

Background. Fracture of the penis is a direct blunt trauma of the erect or semi-erect penis. It can be treated by conservative or surgical means. Retrospective analyses of conservative penile fracture treatment reveal frequent immediate and later complications. Case report. We presented a 41- year-old patient with pulsative hematoma caused by an unusual fracture of the penis. Fracture had appeared 40 days before the admittance during a sexual intercourse. The patient was treated surgically. C...

Nale ?or?e; Mi?i? Sava

2007-01-01

333

Cough-induced internal oblique hematoma  

OpenAIRE

Violent or sustained cough can be associated with serious musculoskeletal complications. We report a case of a cough-induced internal oblique hematoma in an obese 73-year-old woman who was not receiving antithrombotic therapy. She had no history of trauma and presented with acute worsening pain in the right flank. She had been coughing continuously for the past month and had severe cough 2 days before the onset of pain. Ultrasonography revealed a hypoechoic mass in the right lateral abdominal...

Kodama, Koichi; Takase, Yasukazu; Yamamoto, Hiroki; Noda, Toru

2013-01-01

334

Clopidogrel-induced spontaneous pectoral hematoma  

OpenAIRE

Clopidogrel is an oral antiplatelet agent used in the treatment of coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease and cerebrovascular disease. Gastrointestinal symptomsincluding nausea, diarrhea and constipation are the common side effects ofthis drug. Serious side effects like intracranial hemorrhage and severe neutropenia were also reported but spontaneous pectoral hematoma due to the clopidogrel has not been reported previously. We present a case of large spontaneous pectoral hematom...

Cakar, Mehmet Akif; Kocayigit, Ibrahim; Aydin, Ercan; Demirci, Hakan; Gunduz, Huseyin

2012-01-01

335

Diagnosis and management of subdural haematoma complicating bone marrow transplantation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Subdural haematoma (SDH) is a known complication of bone marrow transplantation (BMT). A retrospective review of 657 consecutive patients undergoing allogeneic or autologous bone marrow/stem cell transplantation at the Royal Brisbane Hospital between January 1991 and December 1998 is reported. Seventeen cases of subdural haematoma/hygroma were identified (2.6%). Eleven of these (65%) were bilateral. Four required surgical drainage, with two developing re-accumulation of SDH. All cases presented with a headache and eight of these had associated neurological complications. Diagnosis was made predominately by CT scan: however in 25% of cases definitive diagnosis could only be made in MRI studies. An association with intrathecal methorexate-containing conditioning therapy, post lumbar puncture headache, prolonged thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy was noted. In our experience, conservative management with platelet support and correction of coagulopathy achieved resolution of subdural haematoma in most cases, with surgical intervention being reserved for neurological deterioration. Bone Marrow Transplantation (2000) 25, 549-552. PMID:10713634

Colosimo, M; McCarthy, N; Jayasinghe, R; Morton, J; Taylor, K; Durrant, S

2000-03-01

336

Surgical management of posttraumatic intraorbital hematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Retrobulbar hematoma is a rare condition but represents a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency. It occurs in between 0.3% and 3.5% of facial traumas and can be caused by direct or indirect injury of the orbit; they can be classified into intraorbital and subperiosteal hematoma. We describe 4 different cases of posttraumatic retrobulbar hematoma treated at the Unit of Maxillofacial Surgery of the Novara Major Hospital between January 2005 and December 2009, each different from the others for morphologic aspects, and we discuss its diagnosis and management. Surgery decompression of the orbit is recommended when visual deficit arises and when there is no response to pharmacologic therapy. Several techniques for orbital decompression have been proposed. The lateral canthotomy and/or the inferior cantholysis are the 2 techniques most practiced. Anterior-chamber paracentesis is effective, but it is rarely indicated for frequent complications such as cataract formation, herniation of the iris, infection, and trauma to the canal of Schlemm. Other procedures including transantral ethmoidectomy, transantral sphenoidectomy, and transfrontal craniotomy are described. PMID:22337467

Brucoli, Matteo; Arcuri, Francesco; Giarda, Mariangela; Benech, Rodolfo; Benech, Arnaldo

2012-01-01

337

[Postoperative hematomas after inguinal hernia repair].  

Science.gov (United States)

It was done the analysis of the results of 625 open and endoscopic prosthetic and autoplastic hernia repairs made in a planned and emergency basis during the period from 2005 to 2012. The autoplastic group was divided into three subgroups: the plastic by Bassini, Shouldays and Postempski. The prosthesis group was divided into open and endoscopic subgroups. The open prosthesis group was also divided into subgroups in accordance with the options of hernia sac preparation (excised, reseted, untouched) and the reconstruction of the posterior wall of the inguinal canal (without reconstruction, with a single-layer and double-layer plastic). It was noted hematocele scrotum - 19 (3.04%), hematoma of the spermatic cord - 16 (2.56%), wound infiltration with a hemorrhagic component - 13 (2.08%). It was not noted the hemorrhagic complications in the subgroups of open prosthesis without hernia sac preparation. Reducing surgical aggression against inguinal hernias during the operation can reduce the frequency of hematomas. The absence of a clear classification of hematomas brings to difficulties in assessment of the role of specific surgical techniques in the development of postoperative complications after surgery for inguinal hernias. PMID:24429713

Cherepanin, A I; Pokrovski?, K A; Povetkin, A P; Antonov, O N; Baulina, E A

2014-01-01

338

CORRELACIÓN CLÍNICO-TOMOGRÁFICA DEL HEMATOMA INTRAPARENQUIMATOSO  

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Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo a todos los pacientes con diagnóstico clínico y tomográfico de hematoma intraparenquimatoso espontáneo egresados de la Unidad de Cuidados Intermedios del Hospital Provincial Clínico Quirúrgico Docente ¿Manuel Ascunce Domenech¿ de Camagüey desde el 1ro de marzo de 2002 hasta el 28 de febrero de 2003, con el objetivo de correlacionar clínica e imagenológicamente los enfermos diagnosticados con hematoma intraparenquimatoso espontáneo. Esta dolencia fue más frecuente en hombres que en mujeres, en pacientes blancos y mayores de 60 años. Los antecedentes más frecuentes fueron la hipertensión arterial en el 86.5 %, seguidos por la enfermedad vascular isquémica y diferentes cardiopatías. Al 70.6 % de los pacientes no se le diagnosticó la enfermedad en el Servicio de Urgencia; la tomografía computarizada resultó útil en el diagnóstico y topografía en el 100 %; mientras que el estudio clínico permitió llegar al diagnóstico positivo en el 92.3 % y al topográfico en el 80.5 % de los pacientes. El método clínico y el estudio tomográfico del hematoma intraparenquimatoso fueron útiles en el diagnóstico y localización, y dentro de ellos los más frecuentes fueron las labores, putaminales y talámicos.

Eugenio de Zayas Alba

2004-01-01

339

Gastric intramural hematoma: A case report and literature review  

OpenAIRE

Intramural hematoma of the gastrointestinal tract is an uncommon occurrence, with the majority being localized to the esophagus or duodenum. Hematoma of the gastric wall is very rare, and has been described most commonly in association with coagulopathy, peptic ulcer disease, trauma, and amyloid-associated microaneurysms. A case of massive gastric intramural hematoma, secondary to anticoagulation therapy, and a gastric ulcer that was successfully managed with conservative therapy, is presente...

Dhawan, Vivek; Mohamed, Ahmed; Fedorak, Richard N.

2009-01-01

340

Spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma: an unusual cause of gross hematuria.  

Science.gov (United States)

The diagnosis of a spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma, even in anticoagulated patients, requires a high index of suspicion. Gross hematuria is also not infrequent in anticoagulated patients. Although urinary symptoms from a rectus sheath hematoma have been described, generally it would not be considered a common cause of gross hematuria in this population. We report here on 2 cases of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma spontaneously fistulizing into the bladder and causing gross hematuria. PMID:24139341

Sandoval, Otto; Kinkead, Thomas

2013-12-01

341

Type III Rectus Sheath Hematoma: A Case Report  

OpenAIRE

A rectus sheath hematoma occurs an accumulation of blood in the sheath of the rectus abdominis, secondary to rupture of an epigastric arteries or their branches or rectus muscle tear. The choice of effective treatment of rectus sheath hematoma and the decision to admit the patient to hospital depends on the degree of haemodynamic compromise, coagulation status as well as the type of the hematoma on abdominopelvic computerized tomography scans. In this article, we report a case of spontaneous ...

Go?lcu?k, Yalc??n; Oray, Deniz; Bademkiran, Ender

2012-01-01

342

Bilateral rectus sheath hematoma in kidney transplant patient: case study and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rectus sheath hematoma usually occurs unilateral but rare cases of bilateral hematoma have been reported. Herein we report the first case of spontaneous bilateral Rectus Sheath Hematoma in the kidney transplanted patient. PMID:24350093

Feizzadeh Kerigh, Behzad; Maddah, Ghodratolah

2013-09-01

343

Difficulties diagnosing spinal subdural hemorrhage in a hypo-coagulated patient due to simultaneous symptomatic subdural cranial hemorrhage  

OpenAIRE

A hypo-coagulated 58-year-old female complained of headaches right after being exposed to the first pressure waves generated during an exhibition of fireworks. The day after she presented with seizures and the CT scan showed subdural hemorrhage over the left frontoparietal sulci. Eight hours after admission she disclosed left lower limb hypo-esthesia, i.e. a finding not attributable to the cranial hemorrhage. Four hours later sphincter dysfunction and paraparesis were also present with a left...

Mascarenhas, L.

2009-01-01

344

Bilateral subdural effusion and subcutaneous swelling with normally functioning csf shunt.  

OpenAIRE

We report a child with hydrocephalus due to tuberculous meningitis who developed a subcutaneous fluid collection around the ventriculoperitoneal shunt tube entry point, after one month of shunting. On investigation, he had decompressed ventricles with bilateral fronto parietal subdural hygroma. Bifrontal burr hole drainage helped resolution of both subdural effusion and subcutaneous scalp swelling. This complication is unique and its pathogenesis has been postulated.

Mitra S; Ghosh D.; Pathak A; Kumar L

2001-01-01

345

Hematoma espontâneo do músculo reto abdominal Spontaneous hematoma of the rectus sheath  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Spontaneous hematoma of the rectus sheath is a rare entity, which may be confused with the surgical causes of acute abdomen. We present a well succeeded conservative therapy in a woman in the 7th decade of life.

Leonardo Fernandes Valentim

2005-06-01

346

Hematoma espontâneo do músculo reto abdominal / Spontaneous hematoma of the rectus sheath  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english Spontaneous hematoma of the rectus sheath is a rare entity, which may be confused with the surgical causes of acute abdomen. We present a well succeeded conservative therapy in a woman in the 7th decade of life. [...

Leonardo Fernandes, Valentim; Glauco de Lima, Rodrigues; Renato de Medina, Coeli.

2005-06-01

347

Warfarin Overdose Induced Intramural Small-Bowel Hematoma (Case Report)  

OpenAIRE

Uncontrolled use of anticoagulants may cause bleeding. Warfarin- dependent spontaneous intramural hematoma of the small intestine is a rare complication. Although warfarin using patients with abdominal pain were usually treated medically, surgical interventions should be considered in selected cases with intestinal intramural hematoma. Here we present a patient who was treated surgically to bring to mind this rare condition.

Ersan Semerci; Orhan Veli Özkan2; Muyittin Temiz; Ahmet Aslan; ?brahim Yetim

2011-01-01

348

Subcapsular hematoma of the liver in a neonate: case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Subcapsular hematoma of the liver in the neonate is an uncommon clinical presentation, although these tumors are frequently found upon perinatal autopsy. We describe the sonographic and MR findings of a subcapsular hematoma of the liver in a neonate having a clinical history of an inserted umbilical venous catheter, necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis, and we also include a review of the relevant literature.

Im, Soo Ah; Lim, Gye Yeon [The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2005-07-15

349

Subcapsular hematoma of the liver in a neonate: case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Subcapsular hematoma of the liver in the neonate is an uncommon clinical presentation, although these tumors are frequently found upon perinatal autopsy. We describe the sonographic and MR findings of a subcapsular hematoma of the liver in a neonate having a clinical history of an inserted umbilical venous catheter, necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis, and we also include a review of the relevant literature

350

Treatment of acute traumatic epidural hematoma in infancy and childhood  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors treated 22 cases of epidural hematoma diagnosed by CT scan. This study focused on the analysis of the time-course and development of epidural hematoma using a CT scan. The results are follows: 1. Severe cases must be treated by craniotomy and rapid removal of hematoma. We achieved a zero mortality rate in the cases of infants and children. 2. Normal CT findings were not unusual in cases where the patient was examined within 3 hours after the occurence of the injury. Conservative treatment was indicated for patients with a small amount of epidural hematoma. CT scanning at intervals of 6 hours and 30 hours after the occurence of the injury offer the best correlation in regard to the course of hematoma. 3. Operative treatment is required when the hematoma thickness, measured by CT scan, is more than 20 mm for infants and younger children or 30 mm for school aged children. However, eventhough the thickness of the hematoma maybe less than these guidelines, when progressive deterioration occurs after the CT scan, operative treatment must be considered. 4. Diffuse brain injury is a new clinical entity found by CT scanning. We classified this into 5 types. Of the 5 types, ''diffuse cerebral swelling'' was observed in the initial CT scan of two patients, however, epidural hematoma developed afterwards. Thus, patients with diffuse cerebral swelling with a skull fracture must be closely observed. (J.P.N.)

351

Thyroid Gland Hematoma After Blunt Neck Trauma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hemorrhage of a previously normal thyroid gland as a result of blunt trauma is a very rare condition. We report a case of blunt trauma that caused acute hemorrhage into the thyroid gland and presented with hoarseness. The diagnosis of thyroid gland hematoma was made with a combination of fiberoptic laryngoscopy, cervical computed tomography, and carotid angiography. The patient was treated conservatively, had a favorable course without further complications, and was discharged four days after admission.[West J Emerg Med. 2009;10(4:247-249.

Saylam, Baris

2009-11-01

352

[Ventricular dilation during the treatment of subdural hygromas].  

Science.gov (United States)

Fifty-one cases with subdural hygroma experienced in the past 20 years were retrospectively reviewed. Eight patients showed definite ventricular dilation differing from simple restoration of the ventricles following disappearance of the cavity. The mean age was 72.4 years. Six patients presented with mental change as the initial symptom. On the initial computed tomography (CT), 75% of the cases had bilateral lesions, all were low density, and 88% were crescent shaped. Trepanation performed on six patients yielded watery clear or xanthochromic fluid. Nine to 61 days (mean 4 weeks) after admission, definite ventricular dilation was observed. Cisternography performed in four patients was all abnormal, although cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure was within normal range. Cerebral blood flow images using 123I-iodoamphetamine and single photon emission CT in four patients revealed periventricular low uptake which was disproportionately large compared with the ventricular span on CT. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was placed in four patients. The final outcome, however, was poor irrespective of treatment. These findings indicate that an impairment of the CSF circulation was not the sole cause of the ventricular dilation. Low CSF pressure and the disproportionately large periventricular low perfusion, compared with the ventricular span on CT scan, suggest a pre-existing periventricular parenchymal damage, which had been subsequently compromised by the presence of subdural mass lesion. Therefore, attention should be paid in aged patients with bilateral low dense, crescent-shaped subdural hygroma, presenting with mental change, for the risk of subsequent ventricular dilation which may affect the functional outcome. PMID:1726257

Hirai, O; Yamakawa, H; Nishikawa, M; Watanabe, S; Kinoshita, Y; Uno, A; Handa, H

1991-12-01

353

Subdural injection of contrast medium during cervical myelography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Three patients (1 dog, 2 horses) are described where myelography was complicated, purportedly by injection of contrast medium into the meninges superficial to the subarachnoid space, Contrast medium injected in this location in a cadaver tended to accumulate dorsally within the vertebral canal, deep to the dura mater but superficial to the subarachnoid space, The ventral margin of the pooled contrast medium had a wavy or undulating margin and the dorsal margin was smooth, pooled contrast medium was believed to be sequestered within the structurally weak dural border cell layer between the dura mater and arachnoid membrane, or the so-called subdural space

354

Cerebellar haemorrhage after evacuation of an acute supratentorial subdural haematoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent reports have highlighted the unusual complication of distant cerebellar haemorrhage after supratentorial craniotomy, with only 25 previous cases reported in the literature. Nearly all reported cases occurred after craniotomy for temporal lobectomy or for deep seated intracerebral pathology requiring brain retraction and removal of CSF at surgery. Only one previous case of a cerebellar haemorrhage after evacuation of an extracerebral fluid collection has been reported. We describe the case of a cerebellar haemorrhage complicating the evacuation of an acute/subacute supratentorial subdural haematoma in a 83-year-old woman. The literature is reviewed and possible mechanisms of haemorrhage discussed. PMID:10562849

Kaplan, S S; Lauryssen, C

1999-06-01

355

Longterm surgery of posttraumatic intracranial hematoma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose. Research objective — studying of consequences of the operated traumatic intracranial hematomas in the remote period. Material. The nearest and remote results of the operated traumatic intracranial hematomas at 105 patients in terms from 6 months till 3 years are analyzed. During research the anamnesis was studied, neurologic investigation, and also research cognitive functions by means of scale MMSE, the test of drawing of hours, a scale of studying of alarm/depression HADS, learning of 5 words, scale quality of life SF-36. Results. It is established, that in the remote period the condition of the majority of patients gradually improves, at the same time, frequent enough and expressed consequences which are necessary for analyzing with the purpose of optimization of outcomes and the forecast at the given disease are observed. The special attention should be given again developing complications to which it is possible to carry epileptic seizures and behavioral-memorable infringements. Conclusion. Studying of the remote consequences of this heavy kind of craniocereberal trauma allows to optimize results of treatment and to provide complex medical, labor, social and family adaptation

Babochkin D.S.

2012-03-01

356

Precedence of Parenchymal Enhancement on CT Angiography to a Fatal Duret Hemorrhage  

OpenAIRE

We report a case of fatal duret hemorrhage (DH) in a patient with acute tentorial subdural hematoma and bilateral chronic subdural hematoma along the cerebral hemispheres. Preoperative CT angiography (CTA) revealed prominent parenchymal enhancement in the ventral pontomesencephalic area. After burr-hole drainage, a large hemorrhage developed in this area. The parenchymal enhancement in the CTA may reflect the pontomensencephalic perforating vessel injury, and may be a sign of impending DH of ...

Sim, Ki-bum; Na, Dong Gyu; Park, Ji Kang

2013-01-01

357

[Spinal subdural abscess in the cervical region: a case report].  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors present a patient with a spinal subdural abscess (SSA) in the cervical region and review the relevant literature. A 48-year-old man suffering from intractable high fever and back pain was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of meningitis. Despite antibiotic therapy, his condition deteriorated and he developed neurological deficits including left hemiparesis, sensory disturbance and bladder dysfunction. MR images of the cervical spine with gadolinium contrast revealed a circumferentially enhancing lesion anterior to the spinal cord that extended from the C4 to C6 level and compressed the spinal cord. After an urgent laminectomy extending from C4 to C6, the subdural abscess that consisted of purulent material and a thick capsule was irrigated and drained. Staphylococcus aureus was cultured from the abscess and he received antibiotic therapy postoperatively for 14 weeks. The high fever and the back pain subsided immediately and his neurologic condition gradually recovered. The majority of SSA cases involve the thoracic or lumbar region and are rarely found in the cervical region. Because they are associated with a high morbidity, early diagnosis with MRI and urgent surgical interventions including decompressive laminectomy, copious irrigation and drainage followed by appropriate antibiotic therapy are vital. PMID:19764427

Akiyama, Hideyuki; Kidoguchi, Keiji; Hayashi, Shigeto; Katayama, Shigenori; Takeda, Naoya

2009-09-01

358

[Acute subdural hygroma in the posterior fossa (author's transl)].  

Science.gov (United States)

A 2-year-old girl was admitted to Chugoku Rosai Hospital one hour after a car accident on July 16, 1978. On admission she was conscious and no physical or neurologic abnormality was found. However, 2 hours and a half after the accident, she was attacked suddenly by generalized convulsion, and then became comatose with apnea. Bilateral horizontal nystagmus to the left, rhythmic constriction and dilation of the pupils reacting to light, and flaccid tetraplegia were recognized. Plain skull films revealed a linear fracture in the right posterior fossa, which crossed the transverse this region. A burr hole was made in the left posterior fossa, and slightly xanthochromic fluid, 30 to 40 microliter in volume, under high pressure was evacuated from the subdural space. A burr hole on the right side disclosed no abnormality. Spontaneous respiration returned immediately and consciousness became clear 5 hours after the surgery. No neurologic deficit was detect and postoperative EEG was normal. She was discharged from the hospital on July 27, 1978. Ten cases of acute subdural hygroma in the posterior fossa, including the present case, were analyzed. This lesion is able to be cured completely by a simple operation even in coma with apnea, if diagnosis made promptly and the surgery is carried out without delay. In cases of acute head injury, it is quite important to have a possibility of the infratentorial lesion in mind and to find it with the aids of plain skull film of Towne's view, CT scan, and VAG if necessary. PMID:7242836

Andoh, S; Ishikawa, S; Miyazaki, M; Ishihara, H

1981-03-01

359

[Mortality after surgical treatment of patients with hypertensive intracerebral hematomas].  

Science.gov (United States)

Authors summarized the experience of specialized neurosurgical clinic for treatment of patients with stroke. From 1998 till 2008 1035 patients with hypertensive intracerebral hematomas were examined and treated in the clinic. 635 patients were operated, 400 received conservative treatment. Volumes of hematomas varied from 3 to 130 ml. Mean volume of hematoma in the "surgical" group was 52.9 ml (SD = 23.1), in the "conservative" group -- 37.2 ml (SD = 22.9). Two types of indications for surgery were defined: a) indications for life-saving surgery; b) indications for surgical treatment, implying achievement of good functional result. Hematomas were removed using different techniques: craniectomy or craniotomy -- 123 patients; minimally-invasive craniotomy and limited encephalotomy -- 78; puncture aspiration -- 65; puncture aspiration combined with local fibrinolysis (prourokinase) -- 291; combined procedures (including endoscopic) -- 49; external ventricular drainage -- 29. 30-days mortality in the "surgical" group was 29%, in the "conservative" group -- 38.7%. Critical volumes of hematomas of different localization with maximal effect on mortality were distinguished. Main causes of lethal outcome in the "surgical" group were the following: pulmonary artery thomboembolism -- 21.5%, pneumonia -- 29%, recurrent hemorrhage -- 19.5%. Therefore, surgical management of hypertensive intracerebral hematomas in selected groups of patients is associated with lower rate of mortality, in comparison with conservative management. Basically, it refers to the patients in severe condition, with volumes of hematoma above critical limits specific for certain localization. PMID:19507308

Saribekian, A S; Ponomarev, V A; Poliakova, L N; Romen, V A

2009-01-01

360

Subcapsular hepatic hematoma. Serious complication during pregnancy Hematoma subcapsular hepático. Grave complicación del embarazo  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Subcapsular hepatic hematoma is a rare complication during pregnancy, but potentially lethal and usually related to severe pre-eclampsia or HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and diminished platelets. Maternal and perinatal mortality in these cases is high, hence the importance of early diagnosis and timely and multidisciplinary treatment. This paper is a review on the subject, held in Ebsco, Hinari and Sci databases.El hematoma subcapsular hepático es una complicación rara del embarazo, pero potencialmente letal, generalmente relacionada con pre-eclampsia grave o síndrome HELLP (hemólisis, enzimas hepáticas elevadas y plaquetas disminuidas. La mortalidad materna y perinatal en estos casos es elevada, de ahí la importancia del reconocimiento precoz y tratamiento oportuno y multidisciplinario. El presente trabajo constituye una revisión sobre el tema, realizada en las bases de dato Ebsco, Hinari y Scielo.

Viviana de la Caridad Sáez Cantero

2010-12-01

361

Hematoma subcapsular por Fasciolasis Liver subcapsular hematoma caused by Fasciola hepática. Report of one case  

OpenAIRE

Presentamos el caso de una paciente de sexo femenino de 60 años de edad, ingresada en nuestro centro hospitalario por cuadro agudo de dolor abdominal en hipocondrio derecho asociado a vómitos y fiebre. Destaca la presencia de leucocitosis con eosinofilia de 56%. La tomografía computanzada abdominal muestra una colección subcapsular hepática. Durante su evolución presenta abdomen agudo, realizándose una laparoscopía exploratoria que confirma un hematoma subcapsular con presencia de hem...

Juan Morales, L. G.; Renato Arriagada, H.; Luis Salas, G.; Carlos Morales, A.; Felipe Fuentes, A.; ROBERTO SANTANA

2009-01-01

362

Hematoma epidural secundario a anestesia espinal: Tratamiento conservador Epidural hematoma secondary to spinal anesthesia: Conservative treatment  

OpenAIRE

Introducción: El hematoma epidural secundario a una anestesia neuroaxial es una complicación poco frecuente, pero de gran trascendencia tanto por sus implicaciones clínicas como por las médico legales; según algunos autores su incidencia puede oscilar entre 1/190.000-1/200.000 para las punciones peridurales y 1/320.000 en el caso de las espinales. El aspecto prioritario en su manejo terapéutico es el del diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz, antes de las 6-12 primeras horas. No obstante, e...

Bermejo, M.; Castan?o?n, E.; Fervienza, P.; Cosi?o, F.; Carpintero, M.; Di?az-ferna?ndez, M. L.

2004-01-01

363

Unsuspected organic disease in chronic schizophrenia demonstrated by computed tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Unsuspected intracranial pathology was demonstrated in 12 of 136 chronic schizophrenic patients examined by computed tomography (CT). Seven cases of cerebral infarction were found, and one each of porencephalic cyst, meningioma, cystic enlargement of the pineal body, and two of subdural haematoma. Attention is drawn to the value of CT in demonstrating organic disease in schizophrenia. (author)

364

Dabigatran-related Intracerebral Hemorrhage Resulting in Hematoma Expansion  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Warfarin-related intracerebral hemorrhage carries a particularly high risk of neurologic deterioration and death because of a high rate of hematoma expansion of about 50%. Novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs)-apixaban, dabigatran, and rivaroxaban-have a significantly smaller risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, two facts make this situation complicated: First, the risk of hematoma expansion is unknown for NOACs. Second, there is no specific antidote for neither of the NOACs. We present a case that suggests that hematoma expansion may occur after NOAC-related ICH.

Simonsen, Claus Z; Steiner, Thorsten

2014-01-01

365

Intracerebral Hematoma Caused by Ruptured Traumatic Pseudoaneurysm of the Middle Meningeal Artery : A Case Report  

OpenAIRE

Hematomas caused by ruptured traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the middle meningeal artery (MMA) usually present with extradural hematomas, whereas intradural intraparenchymal hematomas are extremely rare. We report a case of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the MMA giving rise to an intracerebral hematoma after head trauma. A 70-year-old man suffered a massive intracerebral temporoparietal hemorrhage after a head injury. CT angiogram of the brain revealed a large hematoma in the right middle cranial f...

Lim, Dong-ho; Kim, Tae-sun; Joo, Sung-pil; Kim, Soo Han

2007-01-01

366

Computed tomographic investigations on intraventricular hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This work investigated in 106 patients with intraventricular hematomas all the known factors which can have an influence on prognosis: age, sex, anamnesis of the patients, size, extent and localization of the intracranial bleeding, underlying angiopathy and differences between arterial and venous and spontaneous and traumatic bleedings. It was shown that the state of mind was the deciding prognostic factor, whereby viligance was the cumulative expression of all other investigated influences. A computed tomography (CT) examination is deciding in the question of operative hydrocephalus care. In 13 patients it was further shown, how clearly CT results and brain dissection allowed themselves to be compared. The computed tomographic examination method is best suited to achieve even physiological and more extensive prognostic possibilities. (orig.)

367

Spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma: two variant cases.  

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We present two variant cases of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (SRSH). A 71-year-old woman presented with ST elevation myocardial infarction and was found to have multivessel coronary artery disease. She was treated with aspirin, clopidogrel, eptifibatide, and heparin. Heparin was continued while preoperative workup for coronary artery bypass grafting was done. She developed a large 20x10 cm actively bleeding SRSH while on heparin. It was surgically evacuated. The second case represents an atypical cause of SRSH. A 64-year-old woman with Wegener's Granulomatosis presented with anemia and abdominal pain. Abdominal CT showed a large 22 cm SRSH without active bleeding that was treated conservatively. Both patients did well on follow-up. The incidence of SRSH is likely to increase in the coming years with the increasing use of antithrombotic agents for many disease processes. Clinicians should be aware of typical and atypical presentations of SRSH and its variant management options. PMID:25369220

Sivagnanam, Kamesh; Ladia, Vatsal; Bhavsar, Vedang; Summers, Jeffery; Paul, Timir

2014-01-01

368

Extensive retroperitoneal hematoma in blunt trauma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To report our experience of managing extensive retroperitoneal hematoma (RH) in patients with blunt trauma and to determine any associated factors affecting causation and mortality. In this retrospective observational study, patients diagnosed with extensive RH following blunt trauma admitted to King Saud Medical Complex, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January 2004 and December 2009 were included. Patient data were explored for injury severity score (ISS), associated injuries, location of hematoma, amount of blood transfusions, coagulation profile, operative management, hospital stay, and mortality. The outcomes in surviving and non-surviving patients were compared. Out of 290 patients presenting with RH, extensive RH was found in 46 patients (15.8%). The overall mortality was 32.6%. The pelvis was the most frequent location of RH in combination with lateral and central zones (65.2%). The lower extremity and pelvic fractures were the most common injury. Associated intra-peritoneal injuries were present in 39.1% patients. An exploratory laparotomy was performed in 58.7% patients (n=27). A high ISS (55.9 versus 35.5, p<0.0001), abnormal coagulation profile (odds ratio [OR] 7.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.974-30.932, p=0.005, and associated chest injuries OR 5.94, 95% CI 1.528-23.19, p=0.014) were independent factors associated with mortality. Multiple musculoskeletal injuries in addition to intra-abdominal injuries and abnormal coagulation are major factorsand abnormal coagulation are major factors associated with the presence of extensive RH. High ISS, abnormal coagulation, and associated chest injuries are independent factors associated with mortality (Author).

369

Changes in signal intensity of cerebral hematoma in magnetic resonance. Claves en la semiologia del hematoma cerebral en resonancia magnetica  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Magnetic resonance is highly sensitive for the detection of intraparenchymatous hemorrhage. The evolution of hematoma over time translates into changes in signal intensity. This means that we can determine when the hematoma presented and, in addition. follow its course. On the other hand, many intracranial processes developing association with hemorrhage, the recognition of which is, in some cases, of importance. We have studied 60 cerebral hematomas and have described the changes that will take place in their signal and the reasons for them. (author)

Galant, J.; Poyatos, C.; Marti-Bonmarti, L.; Martinez, J.; Ferrer, D.; Dualde, D.; Talens, A. (Universidad de Valencia (Spain). Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas)

1992-01-01

370

Subdural hemorrhage – a serious complication post-intrathecal chemotherapy. A case report and review of literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Key Clinical Message We need to have a high index of suspicion for subdural hemorrhage (SDH) post-lumbar puncture in hematological patients given their increased risk and the significant morbidity and mortality associated with SDHs.

Chia, Xiu Xian; Bazargan, Ali

2015-01-01

371

Subdural hemorrhage - a serious complication post-intrathecal chemotherapy. A case report and review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

We need to have a high index of suspicion for subdural hemorrhage (SDH) post-lumbar puncture in hematological patients given their increased risk and the significant morbidity and mortality associated with SDHs. PMID:25678976

Chia, Xiu Xian; Bazargan, Ali

2015-01-01

372

Subdural hemorrhages associated with antithrombotic therapy in infants with cerebral atrophy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Low-molecular-weight heparins, such as enoxaparin, are often used to treat thrombosis in infants. We present 4 infants with diffuse brain injury who developed cerebral venous sinus thrombosis or deep vein thrombosis and were treated with enoxaparin. These infants subsequently developed subdural hemorrhages, and enoxaparin was stopped. In 3 cases, the subdural hemorrhages were found on routine surveillance brain MRI, and in 1 case imaging was urgently obtained because of focal seizures. Two patients needed urgent neurosurgical intervention, and all subdural hemorrhages improved or resolved on follow-up imaging. Each infant developed severe neurologic deficits, probably from the coexisting diffuse brain injury rather than from the subdural hemorrhages themselves. The risk of intracranial hemorrhage from enoxaparin may be accentuated in patients with diffuse brain injury, and careful consideration should be given before treatment in this population. PMID:25113301

Dang, Louis T; Shavit, Jordan A; Singh, Rani K; Joshi, Sucheta M; Leber, Steven M; Barks, John D E; Shellhaas, Renée A

2014-09-01

373

Hematoma intramural duodenal como complicação de terapia anticoagulante com Warfarin: relato de caso e revisão da literatura Intramural duodenal hematoma as a complication of therapy with Warfarin: a case report and literature review  

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Full Text Available Relatamos o caso de uma paciente em terapia anticoagulante oral com Warfarin, apresentando obstrução intestinal aguda. A tomografia computadorizada revelou hematoma intramural duodenal. O tratamento baseou-se na correção das provas de coagulação e medidas expectantes. Este caso ilustra o valor da tomografia computadorizada e da abordagem conservadora nos pacientes em terapia anticoagulante com obstrução aguda do intestino delgado.We report a case of a patient receiving chronic oral anticoagulant therapy with Warfarin who presented with acute intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography showed intramural duodenal hematoma. Treatment was conservative with correction of the coagulation parameters and observation. This case exemplifies the usefulness of conservative therapy and computed tomography in patients with acute small bowel obstruction receiving anticoagulant therapy.

Juliano Faria

2004-12-01

374

Hematoma intramural duodenal como complicação de terapia anticoagulante com Warfarin: relato de caso e revisão da literatura / Intramural duodenal hematoma as a complication of therapy with Warfarin: a case report and literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Relatamos o caso de uma paciente em terapia anticoagulante oral com Warfarin, apresentando obstrução intestinal aguda. A tomografia computadorizada revelou hematoma intramural duodenal. O tratamento baseou-se na correção das provas de coagulação e medidas expectantes. Este caso ilustra o valor da to [...] mografia computadorizada e da abordagem conservadora nos pacientes em terapia anticoagulante com obstrução aguda do intestino delgado. Abstract in english We report a case of a patient receiving chronic oral anticoagulant therapy with Warfarin who presented with acute intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography showed intramural duodenal hematoma. Treatment was conservative with correction of the coagulation parameters and observation. This case exemp [...] lifies the usefulness of conservative therapy and computed tomography in patients with acute small bowel obstruction receiving anticoagulant therapy.

Juliano, Faria; Roberta, Pessoa; Marcelo, Hudson; Sílvio, Vitoi; Ovídio, Villela; José, Torres; Mara Delgado, Paula; Aloísio, Bemvindo.

2004-12-01

375

Idiopathic intraparenchymal hematoma of the liver in a neonate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hepatic hematomas in newborn infants are not frequently detected clinically, but are often found at perinatal autopsies. These hematomas of the liver are usually subcapsular in location. A variety of etiologies for such hematomas has been implicated, such as trauma, sepsis, and coagulopathies. We present a neonate who presented with jaundice and abdominal distention. Initial imaging studies revealed a large intraparenchymal lesion of the liver, which was at first thought to be suspicious for neoplasm; however, MRI showed the lesion to be hemorrhagic and follow-up sonographic studies showed total resolution of this lesion, compatible with hematoma. The intraparenchymal location and the idiopathic nature of this lesion distinguish this case from others previously reported. (orig.)

376

Idiopathic intraparenchymal hematoma of the liver in a neonate  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Hepatic hematomas in newborn infants are not frequently detected clinically, but are often found at perinatal autopsies. These hematomas of the liver are usually subcapsular in location. A variety of etiologies for such hematomas has been implicated, such as trauma, sepsis, and coagulopathies. We present a neonate who presented with jaundice and abdominal distention. Initial imaging studies revealed a large intraparenchymal lesion of the liver, which was at first thought to be suspicious for neoplasm; however, MRI showed the lesion to be hemorrhagic and follow-up sonographic studies showed total resolution of this lesion, compatible with hematoma. The intraparenchymal location and the idiopathic nature of this lesion distinguish this case from others previously reported. (orig.)

Amodio, John; Fefferman, Nancy; Rivera, Rafael; Pinkney, Lynne; Strubel, Naomi [Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology, New York University Medical Center, 560 1st Avenue, New York, NY 10016 (United States)

2004-04-01

377

Spontaneous epidural hematoma at lumbar facet joint: a case report  

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Spontaneous epidural hematomas (SEHs) of the lumbar spine are rare. The pathogenesis is not entirely clear, but several reports have suggested that bleeding originating in the venous epidural plexus is the cause. This is the second report of a SEH thought to be the result of facet joint hemorrhage with no previous synovial cyst formation. A magnetic resonance image revealed a mass beginning in the left epidural space and continuing through to the left L5-S1 facet joint. Surgically, the epidural hematoma, which was covered by a very thin translucent membrane, was visualized directly. A histopathological examination revealed the wall of the epidural hematoma to be composed of very thin fibrous connective tissue with no synovium lining. The purpose of this study was to report a case of an epidural hematoma originated from lumbar facet joint, diagnosed by radiological examination, and to present a review of the subject literature.

Chung, Seung Eun; Lee, Sang Ho; Jo, Byung June; Yoon, Deug Hee; Paeng, Sung Suk [Wooridul Spine Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Tae Hong [Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2005-10-15

378

Hand-held instrument should relieve hematoma pressure  

Science.gov (United States)

Portable instrument relieves hematomas beneath fingernails and toenails without surgery. This device simplifies the operative procedure with an instant variable heating tip, adjustable depth settings and interchangeable tip sizes for cauterizing small areas and relieving pressurized clots.

Raggio, L. J.; Robertson, T. L.

1967-01-01

379

Spinal subdural abscess: successful treatment with limited drainage and antibiotics in a patient with AIDS.  

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The authors present a case of Staphylococcus aureus spinal subdural abscess in a patient with AIDS. Although complete surgical drainage has been strongly advocated in the literature, this patient made a complete neurologic and symptomatic recovery and radiographically demonstrated resolution of the abscess with only limited surgical drainage and parenteral antibiotics. Magnetic resonance imaging findings of this unusual lesion are discussed. Relevant literature in the management of spinal subdural abscesses is reviewed. PMID:7974149

Sathi, S; Schwartz, M; Cortez, S; Rossitch, E

1994-11-01

380

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus retropharyngeal abscess complicated by a cervical spinal subdural empyema.  

Science.gov (United States)

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cervical spinal subdural empyema as a result of a retropharyngeal abscess has not been reported previously. We present a 65-year-old male intravenous drug user who developed spinal subdural empyema after an operation for a retropharyngeal abscess. Although imaging diagnosis and follow-up surgery were performed quickly, the neurological outcome was poor. We review the literature on retropharyngeal abscess with intraspinal infection. PMID:19013810

Chern, Shiuan-Horng; Wei, Chih-Peng; Hsieh, Ru-Lan; Wang, Jiun-Ling

2009-01-01

381

Use of topically applied rt-PA in the evacuation of extensive acute spinal subdural haematoma  

OpenAIRE

Spontaneous spinal subdural haematoma is a rare cause of spinal cord compression, usually confined to a few vertebral levels. When the haematoma extends over several spinal segments, surgical decompression is a major undertaking. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) has previously been used in a number of surgical procedures, but not in the setting of acute spinal subdural haematoma. A minimally invasive technique of decompression, using topical rt-PA, is presented in two patients...

Little, C. P.; Patel, N.; Nagaria, J.; Kumar, R.; Nanra, J.; Bolger, C. M.

2003-01-01

382

Bilateral subdural effusion and subcutaneous swelling with normally functioning csf shunt.  

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We report a child with hydrocephalus due to tuberculous meningitis who developed a subcutaneous fluid collection around the ventriculoperitoneal shunt tube entry point, after one month of shunting. On investigation, he had decompressed ventricles with bilateral fronto parietal subdural hygroma. Bifrontal burr hole drainage helped resolution of both subdural effusion and subcutaneous scalp swelling. This complication is unique and its pathogenesis has been postulated. PMID:11447441

Mitra, S; Ghosh, D; Pathak, A; Kumar, L

2001-06-01

383

Bilateral subdural effusion and subcutaneous swelling with normally functioning csf shunt.  

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Full Text Available We report a child with hydrocephalus due to tuberculous meningitis who developed a subcutaneous fluid collection around the ventriculoperitoneal shunt tube entry point, after one month of shunting. On investigation, he had decompressed ventricles with bilateral fronto parietal subdural hygroma. Bifrontal burr hole drainage helped resolution of both subdural effusion and subcutaneous scalp swelling. This complication is unique and its pathogenesis has been postulated.

Mitra S

2001-04-01

384

Correlations Between Subdural Empyema and Paraclinical as well as Clinical Parameters amongst Urban Malay Paediatric Patients  

OpenAIRE

Paediatric subdural empyema is frequently seen in developing Asean countries secondary to rinosinusogenic origins. A cross-sectional analysis on the surgical treatment of intracranial subdural empyema in Hospital Kuala Lumpur (HKL), a major referral center, was done in 2004. A total number of 44 children who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were included into this study. The methods of first surgery, volume of empyema on contrasted CT brain, improvement of neurological status, re-surgery, mor...

Nayan, Saiful Azli Mat; Abdullah, Mohd Shafie; Naing, Nyi Nyi; Haspani, Mohd Saffari Mohd; Md Ralib, Ahmad Razali

2008-01-01

385

Spontaneous intracranial hypotension with bilateral subdural hemorrhage: Is conservative management adequate?  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study is to report a case of spontaneous intracranial hypotension complicated by bilateral subdural hemorrhage that resolved with conservative management. A young male presented with severe orthostatic headache associated with dizziness, neck pain and diplopia. Brain imaging revealed characteristic pachymeningeal enhancement and bilateral subdural hemorrhage. Radionuclide cisternography confirmed the Cerebrospinal fluid leak at the cervical 5 and cervical 6 vertebral level. He...

Ahmad, Mohammed Tauqeer; Hameed, Shahul; Lin, Kei Pin; Prakash, Kumar M.

2013-01-01

386

Postoperative Spinal Epidural Hematoma: Risk Factor and Clinical Outcome  

OpenAIRE

We report a series of epidural hematomas which cause neurologic deterioration after spinal surgery, and have taken risk factors and prognostic factors into consideration. We retrospectively reviewed the database of 3720 cases of spine operation in a single institute over 7 years (1998 April-2005 July). Nine patients who demonstrated neurologic deterioration after surgery and required surgical decompression were identified. Factors postulated to increase the postoperative epidural hematoma and...

Yi, Seong; Yoon, Do Heum; Kim, Keung Nyun; Kim, Sang Hyun; Shin, Hyun Chul

2006-01-01

387

Muscle hematoma: A critically important complication of alcoholic liver cirrhosis  

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Full Text Available An iliopsoas hematoma can occur either spontaneously or secondary to trauma or bleeding tendency due to hemophilia and anticoagulant therapy. Although liver cirrhosis is commonly associated with coagulopathy, iliopsoas hematoma is very rare. We herein, present a case of bilateral iliopsoas hematoma in a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis, and review the literature on muscle hematoma associated with cirrhosis. A 56-year-old man with alcoholic cirrhosis was admitted in a state of shock with anemia. The cause of anemia could not be detected, and the patient was treated conservatively. The site of bleeding was not detected with either gastroduodenal endoscopy or upper abdominal computed tomography, the latter of which did not include the iliopsoas muscle. He died on the 10th day of admission and bilateral iliopsoas hematomas were found on autopsy. An iron stain was positive in the iliopsoas muscle. Eight cases of muscle hematoma associated with cirrhosis, including the present case, were found in a review of the literature. Four of these cases involved the rectus abdominis muscle, 3 involved the iliopsoas muscle and 1 involved combined muscles. Alcoholic cirrhosis accounted for 75% of the cases. One case (12.5% was associated with virus-related cirrhosis, and another with combined virus- and alcohol-related cirrhosis. The mortality rate was 75% despite early diagnosis and low risk scores for cirrhosis. Muscle hematoma in patients with cirrhosis is closely related to alcoholism, and the mortality rate of the condition is extremely high. In conclusion, muscle hematoma should be recognized as an important complication of cirrhosis.

Chiyo Sugiyama, Akifumi Akai, Noriyoshi Yamakita, Tsuneko Ikeda, Keigo Yasuda

2009-09-01

388

Subdural collections associated with pediatric bacterial meningitis MR imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate meningitis complications caused by spontaneously resolving sterile subdural (SD) effusions in children, the authors used CT and MR imaging to examine six children (age range, 2 months to 5 years) with bacterial meningitis; two patients also underwent Gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging. Seven SD collections were identified, ranging from nearly isointense (two) to hyperintense (five) relative to cerebrospinal fluid. Both collections evaluated with gadolinium enhanced markedly. Although the presence of hyperintense, enhancing SD collections might suggest that they were empyemas, all patients were clinically stable or improving. This contrasted with the acutely ill adolescents with otorhinologic-related empyemas who required immediate extensive craniotomy. Clinical factors (age, type of bacteria, severity of illness) might be more helpful than MR features to assess clinical status and surgical requirements

389

A hybrid PDMS-Parylene subdural multi-electrode array.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we report on a cost effective and simple method for fabricating a flexible multi-electrode array for subdural neural recording. The electrode was fabricated using a PDMS-Parylene bilayer to combine the major advantages of both materials. Mechanical and electrical characterizations were performed to confirm functionality of a 16-site electrode array under various flexed/bent conditions. The electrode array was helically wound around a 3 mm diameter cylindrical tube and laid over a 2 cm diameter sphere while maintaining its recording capability. Experimental results showed impedance values between 300 k? and 600 k? at 1 kHz for 90 ?m diameter gold recording sites. Acoustically evoked neural activity was successfully recorded from rat auditory cortex, confirming in vivo functionality. PMID:23334754

Ochoa, Manuel; Wei, Pinghung; Wolley, Andrew J; Otto, Kevin J; Ziaie, Babak

2013-06-01

390

The MR imaging findings in spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate MR findings and clinical features in patients with spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH). Methods: Eight patients (5 men, 3 women; aged 16 - 50 years) with SSEH underwent MR imaging during 1994 - 2001, including 7 cases without history of trauma or coagulation disorders and 1 case with history of hypertension. MR imaging was performed from 4 hours to 3 days after the onset of symptoms in all 8 patients with surgical and pathologic diagnosis. Results: The hematomas were in lateral posterior or posterior epidural space, including 3 cases in cervical vertebra, 2 cases in thoracic vertebra, 2 cases in cervical and thoracic junction region, and 1 case in thoracic and lumbar part. The MRI confirmed an encapsulated hematoma caused by arteriovenous malformation in 1 case and two hematomas associated with disc herniation. The signal intensity of the hematoma varied with the hematoma age, but T1-weighted images reflected its typical signal changes. Sagittal and coronal T1-weighted images revealed isointense (7 cases) and slight high-intense (1 case) signal; Sagittal and axial T2-weighted images revealed mixed-intensity (6 cases) and mixed high-intensity (2 cases). Conclusion: MR imaging has an important value on localization, identification, and differential diagnosis of the lesion, therefore, it is the most helpful diagnostic tool for this condition

391

The analysis of initial cranial CT of early hematoma enlargement in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage  

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Full Text Available Objective To investigate the predictive effect of initial cranial CT on early hematoma enlargement in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Methods Three hundred patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage within 6 hours after onset were studied. Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to detect the related factors which may indicate hematoma enlargement. Results Sixty-one (20.33% patients presented hematoma enlargement on cranial CT. Single factor and multivariate regression analysis showed that the following factors were associated with early hematoma enlargement: early onset, uneven density hematoma, moderate and severe brain atrophy and hematoma located at the basal ganglia. Conclusion Early onset uneven density hematoma, moderate and severe brain atrophy, and hematoma at basal ganglia are the factors which may indicate early hematoma enlargement in patiens with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage.

BEI Yu-zhang

2012-06-01

392

Age determination of vessel wall hematoma in spontaneous cervical artery dissection: A multi-sequence 3T Cardiovascular Magnetic resonance study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Previously proposed classifications for carotid plaque and cerebral parenchymal hemorrhages are used to estimate the age of hematoma according to its signal intensities on T1w and T2w MR images. Using these classifications, we systematically investigated the value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR in determining the age of vessel wall hematoma (VWH in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD. Methods 35 consecutive patients (mean age 43.6 ± 9.8 years with sCAD received a cervical multi-sequence 3T CMR with fat-saturated black-blood T1w-, T2w- and TOF images. Age of sCAD was defined as time between onset of symptoms (stroke, TIA or Horner's syndrome and the CMR scan. VWH were categorized into hyperacute, acute, early subacute, late subacute and chronic based on their signal intensities on T1w- and T2w images. Results The mean age of sCAD was 2.0, 5.8, 15.7 and 58.7 days in patients with acute, early subacute, late subacute and chronic VWH as classified by CMR (p Conclusions Signal intensities of VWH in sCAD vary over time and multi-sequence CMR can help to determine the age of an arterial dissection. Furthermore, findings of this study suggest that the time course of carotid hematomas differs from that of cerebral hematomas.

Habs Maximilian

2011-11-01

393

Hematoma escrotal como primera manifestación de hematoma retroperitoneal tras litotricia extracorpórea / Scrotal haematoma as a sign of renal hematoma after ESWL  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Describimos el caso de un paciente que a las 15 horas del tratamiento y fragmentación de una litiasis en el uréter proximal mediante litotricia extracorpórea presenta un hematoma escrotal indoloro como única manifestación de hematoma subcapsular. [...] Abstract in english We described the case of a patient who presented a large scrotal black discoloration 15 hours after successful extracorporeal lithotripsy of a proximal ureteral calculus. The patient did not present any other clinical symptoms as a sign of subcapsular haematoma. [...

A., Vega Vega; F., Crespo Toral; J.M., Rodríguez Lamelas.

2008-03-01

394

Empiema subdural secundario a sinusitis: Descripción de un caso pediátrico Subdural empyema secondary to sinusitis: A pediatric case report  

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Full Text Available Presentamos el caso de un varón de 9 años derivado al servicio de Urgencias por proptosis ocular derecha y cefalea progresiva en el contexto de una sinusitis, diagnosticado dos días antes por clínica y radiología compatible y en tratamiento con amoxicilina-clavulánico. A la exploración física destaca proptosis derecha con ligera limitación para la mirada conjugada. Con la sospecha de una posible complicación neurológica de la sinusitis, se realiza tomografía axial computarizada (TAC craneal, observando empiema subdural frontal derecho. Ingresa para tratamiento antibiótico endovenoso con cefotaxima, vancomicina y metronidazol. Es valorado por los servicios de Neurocirugía, Cirugía Maxilofacial y Otorrinolaringología (ORL infantil, decidiéndose únicamente drenaje del foco primario, con actitud neuroquirúrgica expectante. El paciente evoluciona favorablemente con progresiva desaparición de los síntomas. Se realizan resonancias magnéticas periódicas, que muestran clara mejoría hasta resolución completa del empiema. Tras 4 semanas de antibioterapia iv., y tras la normalización clínica y radiológica, el paciente es dado de alta.We present the case of 9 year old male referred to the A and E service with right ocular proptosis and progressive migraine in the context of a sinusitis diagnosed two days earlier by compatible clinical and radiological tests, and receiving treatment with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Physcial exploration revealed right ocular proptosis with a slight limitation for conjugate gaze. Facing the suspicion of a possible neurological complication of the sinusitis, cranial computer aided tomography (CAT was carried out, with right frontal subdural empyema observed. He was admitted for intravenous antibiotic treatment with cefotaxime, vancomicin and metronidazole. He was evaluated by child Neurosurgery, Maxillofacial Surgery and Otorhinolaryngology (ORL services; the decision was taken to only drain the primary focus, while an expectant neurosurgical attitude was maintained. The patient evolved favourably with a progressive disappearance of the symptoms. Periodical magnetic resonances were carried out, which showed a clear improvement up until the complete resolution of the empyema. Following four weeks of antibiotherapy iv., and after clinical and radiological normalization, the patient was discharged.

A. Herrero

2011-12-01

395

Hematoma subcapsular por Fasciolasis / Liver subcapsular hematoma caused by Fasciola hepática. Report of one case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos el caso de una paciente de sexo femenino de 60 años de edad, ingresada en nuestro centro hospitalario por cuadro agudo de dolor abdominal en hipocondrio derecho asociado a vómitos y fiebre. Destaca la presencia de leucocitosis con eosinofilia de 56%. La tomografía computanzada abdominal [...] muestra una colección subcapsular hepática. Durante su evolución presenta abdomen agudo, realizándose una laparoscopía exploratoria que confirma un hematoma subcapsular con presencia de hemopentoneo de escasa cuantía. La serología confirma infección por fasciola hepática. Se realizó su tratamiento con triclabendazol en monodosis. Además, realizamos una revisión de la literatura nacional e internacional sobre el tema, sus manifestaciones clínicas, métodos diagnósticos y tratamiento. Abstract in english We report a 60 years oíd female admitted for pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, vomiting and fever. Initial laboratory showed leukocytosis with 56% of eosinophils. An abdominal CAT sean showed a subcapsular fluid collection in the liver. The patient was operated and the presence of a s [...] ubcapsular hematoma was confirmed. Blood serological tests were positive for Fasciola hepática. The patient was treated with tricabendazole and after one year of follow up, is in good conditions.

JUAN L, MORALES G; RENATO, ARRIAGADA H; LUIS, SALAS G; CARLOS, MORALES A; FELIPE, FUENTES A; ROBERTO, SANTANA.

2009-02-01

396

Hematoma subcapsular por Fasciolasis Liver subcapsular hematoma caused by Fasciola hepática. Report of one case  

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Full Text Available Presentamos el caso de una paciente de sexo femenino de 60 años de edad, ingresada en nuestro centro hospitalario por cuadro agudo de dolor abdominal en hipocondrio derecho asociado a vómitos y fiebre. Destaca la presencia de leucocitosis con eosinofilia de 56%. La tomografía computanzada abdominal muestra una colección subcapsular hepática. Durante su evolución presenta abdomen agudo, realizándose una laparoscopía exploratoria que confirma un hematoma subcapsular con presencia de hemopentoneo de escasa cuantía. La serología confirma infección por fasciola hepática. Se realizó su tratamiento con triclabendazol en monodosis. Además, realizamos una revisión de la literatura nacional e internacional sobre el tema, sus manifestaciones clínicas, métodos diagnósticos y tratamiento.We report a 60 years oíd female admitted for pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, vomiting and fever. Initial laboratory showed leukocytosis with 56% of eosinophils. An abdominal CAT sean showed a subcapsular fluid collection in the liver. The patient was operated and the presence of a subcapsular hematoma was confirmed. Blood serological tests were positive for Fasciola hepática. The patient was treated with tricabendazole and after one year of follow up, is in good conditions.

JUAN L MORALES G

2009-02-01

397

Tratamento conservador dos hematomas extradurais laminares na infância Nonsurgical management of laminar extradural hematomas in children  

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Full Text Available Os autores relatam sua experiência com o tratamento conservador de 15 crianças com hematoma extradural (HED laminar traumático. Todas, por ocasião do diagnóstico, apresentavam-se neurologicamente estáveis e sem sinais de herniação intracraniana. Estes HED foram descobertos em períodos de 30 minutos e 5 dias depois do trauma, a maioria estando localizados na região parietal. OHED foi reabsorvido espontaneamente em todos os casos, num período que variou de 2 a 12 dias. Os critérios para seleção destes pacientes e os cuidados com essa modalidade de tratamento do HED são discutidos.We sucessfully treated by nonsurgical methods 15 children with laminar epidural hematomas (EH, with minimal neurological symptoms and no signs of brain herniation. These EH were discovered 30 minutes to 5 days after head injury. The majority were localized in the parietal region. All children recovered without surgery from 2 to 12 days after hospitalization and all had evidence on CT scan of spontaneous clot reabsortion. We discuss the criteria for patient selection for this kind of treatment on EH in children.

Orildo Ciquini Júnior

1992-12-01

398

Hematoma esofágico intramural: de la disección a la perforación / Intramural esophageal hematoma: Dissection of the perforation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hematoma esofágico intramural es una entidad infrecuente, con pocos casos registrados en la literatura. Existen factores de riesgo que favorecen la aparición de esta condición como las náuseas y el vómito. Su presentación clínica más frecuente es la tríada de hematemesis, disfagia y dolor torácic [...] o. El tratamiento es conservador en la mayoría de los casos. En este trabajo presentamos nuestra experiencia en 7 casos recolectados durante los últimos 8 años, en los cuales se puede apreciar todo el espectro de la enfermedad desde la disección submucosa hasta la perforación del esófago Abstract in english Intramural esophageal hematomas are rare with few cases reported in the literature. Risk factors that affect the incidence of this condition include nausea and vomiting, but its most common clinical presentation is the triad of hematemesis, dysphagia and chest pain. Conservative treatment is best in [...] most cases. We present our experience in 7 cases collected during the last 8 years in which you can see the entire spectrum of the disease from submucosal dissection to perforation of the esophagus

Martin, Gómez Zuleta; Álvaro, Rodríguez Gómez; Amaranto, Siado.

2012-06-30

399

Hematoma epidural secundario a anestesia espinal: Tratamiento conservador Epidural hematoma secondary to spinal anesthesia: Conservative treatment  

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Full Text Available Introducción: El hematoma epidural secundario a una anestesia neuroaxial es una complicación poco frecuente, pero de gran trascendencia tanto por sus implicaciones clínicas como por las médico legales; según algunos autores su incidencia puede oscilar entre 1/190.000-1/200.000 para las punciones peridurales y 1/320.000 en el caso de las espinales. El aspecto prioritario en su manejo terapéutico es el del diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz, antes de las 6-12 primeras horas. No obstante, en determinados pacientes como en el caso que presentamos puede no ser precisa la cirugía, resolviéndose el cuadro con tratamiento conservador. Caso clínico: Varón de 73 años, ASA IV, con antecedentes de cirrosis con hipertensión portal, hiperesplenismo, EPOC, obesidad, cardiopatía hipertensiva e insuficiencia tricuspídea. Se programa para alcoholización prostática al haber sido desechada la cirugía. En la analítica preoperatoria destacaba una actividad de protrombina del 80% y 90.000 plaquetas. Se realizaron varios intentos fallidos de punción espinal, finalmente fue precisa una anestesia general con ventilación espontánea mediante mascarilla laríngea, propofol, fentanilo y sevoflurano. A las 36 horas, comienza la clínica en forma de dolor intenso lumbar, sin irradiación y arreflexia cutáneo plantar, confirmándose en la RMN la presencia de un hematoma epidural de L1 a L4. Ante la ausencia de paraparesia flácida, afectación esfinteriana u otros signos sensitivo-motores y tras consulta con la Unidad de Raquis y con el Servicio de Neurología se decide tratamiento conservador y actitud expectante en forma de analgesia y monitorización neurológica estricta, clínica y radiológica. Evolucionando favorablemente en los siguientes días. Discusión: Determinadas condiciones clínicas pueden influir en la aparición de un hematoma tras la realización de un bloqueo regional central: heparinas de bajo peso molecular, punciones dificultosas, cirugía vertebral previa, hepatopatías, fármacos, etc. El tratamiento quirúrgico en forma de laminectomía descompresiva realizada de forma precoz suele ser necesario y es el tratamiento de elección en muchas ocasiones, pero en determinadas condiciones como la que nos ocupa, sin síntomas compresivos, sin un carácter progresivo o bien que estos disminuyan rápidamente, puede optarse por un tratamiento conservador en forma de analgesia y corticoterapia, siempre bajo un estricto control que permita actuar de forma rápida ante cualquier eventualidad negativa en su evolución.Introduction: Epidural hematoma secondary to neuroaxial anesthesia is a rare complication, but highly relevant due to its clinical and medico-legal implications. According to some authors, its incidence can reach 1/190,000-1/200,000 for peridural punctures and 1/320,000 for spinal punctures. Early diagnosis and treatment within the first 6-12 hours is the main aspect related to its therapeutic management. However, in some cases such as the one reported here, surgery is not required and the patient can be managed with a conservative treatment. Clinical case: A 73-year-old patient, ASA IV, with a history of cirrhosis associated to portal hypertension, hypersplenism, COPD, obesity, hypertensive cardiopathy and tricuspid failure. He was scheduled for prostate alcoholization after ruling out surgery. Preoperative blood analyses showed a prothrombin activity of 80% and 90,000 platelets. Several failed attempts of spinal puncture were done, but general anesthesia was finally required with spontaneous ventilation through laryngeal mudpack, propofol, fentanyl and sevoflurane. Clinical manifestations appeared after 36 hours, with non-irradiated severe lumbar pain and plantar cutaneous areflexia. The presence of epidural hematoma at the L1-L4 level was confirmed through NMR. Given the absence of flaccid paraparesis, sphincter involvement or other sensitive-motor signs and after consultation with the Rachis Unit and the Neurology Service, a conservative treatment and an expecting attitude were agreed

M. Bermejo

2004-11-01

400

Optimal management of hemophilic arthropathy and hematomas  

Science.gov (United States)

Hemophilia is a hematological disorder characterized by a partial or complete deficiency of clotting factor VIII or IX. Its bleeding complications primarily affect the musculoskeletal system. Hemarthrosis is a major hemophilia-related complication, responsible for a particularly debilitating chronic arthropathy, in the long term. In addition to clotting factor concentrates, usually prescribed by the hematologist, managing acute hemarthrosis and chronic arthropathy requires a close collaboration between the orthopedic surgeon and physiotherapist. This collaboration, comprising a coagulation and musculoskeletal specialist, is key to effectively preventing hemarthrosis, managing acute joint bleeding episodes, assessing joint function, and actively treating chronic arthropathy. This paper reviews, from a practical point of view, the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and treatment of hemarthrosis and chronic hemophilia-induced arthropathy for hematologists, orthopedic surgeons, and physiotherapists. PMID:25378964

Lobet, Sébastien; Hermans, Cedric; Lambert, Catherine

2014-01-01

401

Characteristic MRI and MR Myelography Findings for the Facet Cyst Hematoma at T12-L1 Spine: A Case Report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A facet cyst is a very rare condition in the thoracolumbar spine and more so, hemorrhage into a cyst is extremely rare. We present a case of a facet cyst hematoma in the T12-L1 spine. A 69-year-old woman complained of chronic back pain with right lower extremity pain, and weakness for 3 years. MRI and MR myelography showed an extradural mass at the T12-L1 level with heterogeneous signal intensity on both T1-and T2-weighted images, which was continuous to the right T12-L1 facet joint. The neighboring facet joint showed severe degeneration on the CT scan. The mass a was simple hematoma covered with a thin fibrous membrane and connected with facet joint macroscopically and microscopically. The pathogenesis of the facet cyst hematoma is not clear but it can compress nerve roots or dura mater and cause radiculopathy or cauda equina syndrome. Surgical removal should be recommended for symptomatic relief.

402

Intramural aortic hematomas; Intramurale Haematome der Aorta  

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Intramural hematomas (IMH) are regarded as a hemorrhage into the aortic wall. In general a traumatic form can be differentiated from a spontaneous non-traumatic. There is a predisposition of IMH with arterial hypertension and mesoectodermal dysplastic syndromes. The diagnosis is established with the clinical presentation in combination with the findings of different imaging modalities. Acute and subacute discomfort associated with a tendency of collaps are considered as typical presenting complaints. A semicircular or concentric thickening of the aortic wall with the absence of blood flow or a dissection membran are typical findings in transesophageal echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance tomography. From a differential diagnostic point of view a distinction from atherosclerotic wall changes, intraluminal thrombi and inflammatory aortic diseases is essential. The IMH is considered as an early presentation of aortic dissection, put into and treated according to the Stanford classification. In the course of natural history an IMH can disappear, rupture or progress into a classic aortic dissection. (orig.) [German] Das intramurale Haematom (IMH) ist eine Einblutung in die Aortenwand. Grundsaetzlich kann zwischen traumatischer Genese und einer atraumatischen spontanen Form unterschieden werden. Praedisponierend sind arterielle Hypertension und mesoektodermale Dysplasiesyndrome. Die Diagnose ergibt sich aus der Klinik und den Befunden in den bildgebenden Verfahren. Zu den klinischen Symptomen zaehlen akut oder subakut auftretende Schmerzen, assoziiert mit einer Kollapsneigung. Typische Befunde in der transoesophagealen Echokardiographie, der Computer- oder der Magnetresonanztomographie sind eine halbmondfoermige oder konzentrische Wandverdickung der Aorta ohne Nachweis von Blutfluss oder einer Dissektionsmembran mit Dichtewerten bzw. Signalintensitaeten in Abhaengigkeit vom Alter der Einblutung. Differenzialdiagnostisch ist eine Abgrenzung gegenueber atherosklerotisch bedingten Wandveraenderungen, intraluminaeren Thromben, chronischen Aortendissektionen und entzuendlichen Aortenerkrankungen erforderlich. Das IMH wird als Fruehform einer Aortendissektion angesehen und entsprechend der Stanford-Klassifikation eingeteilt und behandelt. Im Verlauf koennen sich IMHs zurueckbilden, rupturieren oder in eine klassische Dissektion uebergehen. (orig.)

Raab, B.W.; Vosshenrich, R.; Fischer, U.; Funke, M.; Grabbe, E. [Goettingen Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer Roentgendiagnostik

2001-08-01

403

Symptomatic subdural hygroma after petroclival meningioma surgery. Case report of a intractable complication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although subdural hygroma development after craniotomy or aneurysm surgery is a well-known complication and subdural peritoneal or V-P shunt are commonly successful procedures, there are situations that cannot be treated by available surgical options. We reported a case of a 28-year-old young man who developed a symptomatic subdural hygroma after removal of petroclival meningioma. This hygroma increased in size and became bilateral in spite of implantation of V-P with programmable valve at open pressure variable from 30 to 180 mmH2O, placement of subdural-peritoneal shunt with low-low valve or without valve and external diversion. The occurrence of this case showed that there other factors can play role in hygroma development as disturbance of normal CSF dynamic with shunt of CSF from basal arachnoidal to subdural spaces secondary to surgery and/or slow growth of petroclival meningioma as well as postoperative progressive cerebral atrophy. Actually there are not effective diagnostic tools to detect causes and therefore, there are restricted therapeutic possibilities. This potential and serious complication should be always considered when planning petroclival meningioma surgery because of the severe consequences on functional outcome. PMID:12690334

Zingale, A; Fagone, S; Albanese, V

2002-12-01

404

Management of intracranial hemorrhage in a child with a left ventricular assist device.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pediatric patients bridged to heart transplant with LVADs require chronic anticoagulation and are at increased risk of hemorrhagic complications, including intracranial hemorrhage. In this population, intracranial hemorrhage is often fatal. We report a case of successful management of a five-yr-old-boy with DCM on an LVAD who developed a subdural hematoma. We initially chose medical management, weighing the patient's high risk of thromboembolism from anticoagulation reversal against the risk of his chronic subdural hematoma. When head CT showed expansion of the hemorrhage with increasing midline shift, we chose prompt surgical evacuation of the hematoma with partial reversal of anticoagulation, given the increased risk of acute deterioration. The patient ultimately received an orthotopic heart transplant and was discharged with no permanent neurological complications. This represents a case of a pediatric patient on an LVAD who survived a potentially fatal subdural hematoma and was successfully bridged to cardiac transplantation. PMID:22332723

Haque, Raqeeb; Wojtasiewicz, Teresa; Gerrah, Rabin; Gilmore, Lisa; Saiki, Yoshikatsu; Chen, Jonathan M; Richmond, Marc; Feldstein, Neil A; Anderson, Richard C E

2012-08-01

405

Calcified Splenic Hematoma Presenting as a Pelvic Mass  

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Full Text Available The spleen is the most vulnerable visceral organ involved in blunt abdominal trauma;40% to 70% of patients with blunt splenic laceration can be managed with nonsurgicalmethods. A majority of hematomas of the spleen can heal and be absorbed within 2 to 3months; through an unknown mechanism in an unusual condition, the hematoma mayorganize and eventually calcify. Herein, we report on a senile female with blunt abdominaltrauma 6 years previous, who turned out to have a calcified splenic hematoma with clinicalpresentations of a palpable pelvic mass and intestinal obstruction. A total splenectomy,including the calcified mass, was performed. She experienced great clinical improvementpostoperatively. She was uneventfully discharged 1 week later

Yu-Pao Hsu

2002-05-01

406

Radionuclide imaging of a rectus sheath hematoma caused by insulin injections  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CT scanning, MRI, and ultrasonography are the imaging procedures of choice for the study of rectus sheath hematomas. A rectus sheath hematoma was evaluated scintigraphically after the intravenous administration of Tc-99m labeled RBC, which confirmed the hematoma, demonstrated the sites of bleeding, and revealed continued bleeding

407

Radionuclide imaging of a rectus sheath hematoma caused by insulin injections  

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CT scanning, MRI, and ultrasonography are the imaging procedures of choice for the study of rectus sheath hematomas. A rectus sheath hematoma was evaluated scintigraphically after the intravenous administration of Tc-99m labeled RBC, which confirmed the hematoma, demonstrated the sites of bleeding, and revealed continued bleeding.

Monsein, L.H.; Davis, M. (Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD (USA))

1990-08-01

408

Empiema subdural secundario a sinusitis: Descripción de un caso pediátrico / Subdural empyema secondary to sinusitis: A pediatric case report  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos el caso de un varón de 9 años derivado al servicio de Urgencias por proptosis ocular derecha y cefalea progresiva en el contexto de una sinusitis, diagnosticado dos días antes por clínica y radiología compatible y en tratamiento con amoxicilina-clavulánico. A la exploración física destac [...] a proptosis derecha con ligera limitación para la mirada conjugada. Con la sospecha de una posible complicación neurológica de la sinusitis, se realiza tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) craneal, observando empiema subdural frontal derecho. Ingresa para tratamiento antibiótico endovenoso con cefotaxima, vancomicina y metronidazol. Es valorado por los servicios de Neurocirugía, Cirugía Maxilofacial y Otorrinolaringología (ORL) infantil, decidiéndose únicamente drenaje del foco primario, con actitud neuroquirúrgica expectante. El paciente evoluciona favorablemente con progresiva desaparición de los síntomas. Se realizan resonancias magnéticas periódicas, que muestran clara mejoría hasta resolución completa del empiema. Tras 4 semanas de antibioterapia iv., y tras la normalización clínica y radiológica, el paciente es dado de alta. Abstract in english We present the case of 9 year old male referred to the A and E service with right ocular proptosis and progressive migraine in the context of a sinusitis diagnosed two days earlier by compatible clinical and radiological tests, and receiving treatment with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Physcial explo [...] ration revealed right ocular proptosis with a slight limitation for conjugate gaze. Facing the suspicion of a possible neurological complication of the sinusitis, cranial computer aided tomography (CAT) was carried out, with right frontal subdural empyema observed. He was admitted for intravenous antibiotic treatment with cefotaxime, vancomicin and metronidazole. He was evaluated by child Neurosurgery, Maxillofacial Surgery and Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) services; the decision was taken to only drain the primary focus, while an expectant neurosurgical attitude was maintained. The patient evolved favourably with a progressive disappearance of the symptoms. Periodical magnetic resonances were carried out, which showed a clear improvement up until the complete resolution of the empyema. Following four weeks of antibiotherapy iv., and after clinical and radiological normalization, the patient was discharged.

A., Herrero; I., San Martín; L., Moreno; M., Herranz; J.C., García; E., Bernaola.

2011-12-01

409

Retrobulbar Hematoma in Blow-Out Fracture after Open Reduction  

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Full Text Available Retrobulbar hemorrhage, especially when associated with visual loss, is a rare but significant complication after facial bone reconstruction. In this article, two cases of retrobulbar hematoma after surgical repair of blow-out fracture are reported. In one patient, permanent loss of vision was involved, but with the other patient, we were able to prevent this by performing immediate decompression after definite diagnosis. We present our clinical experience with regard to the treatment process and method for prevention of retrobulbar hematoma using a scalp vein set tube and a negative pressure drainage system.

Ji Seon Cheon

2013-07-01

410

Sickle cell disease with orbital infarction and epidural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although bone infarction is a common feature in sickle cell disease, the involvement of the orbit is an unusual complication. Intracranial bleeding is another uncommon and serious complication. Few cases of orbital infarction alone have been reported. We report imaging findings (CT, bone scan, MRI) in a 16-year-old boy with sickle cell disease with orbital infarction and epidural hematoma. The precise cause of epidural hematoma is not well known, but it is probably related to vaso-occlusive episodes and the tearing of small vessels. (orig.)

411

Sickle cell disease with orbital infarction and epidural hematoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Although bone infarction is a common feature in sickle cell disease, the involvement of the orbit is an unusual complication. Intracranial bleeding is another uncommon and serious complication. Few cases of orbital infarction alone have been reported. We report imaging findings (CT, bone scan, MRI) in a 16-year-old boy with sickle cell disease with orbital infarction and epidural hematoma. The precise cause of epidural hematoma is not well known, but it is probably related to vaso-occlusive episodes and the tearing of small vessels. (orig.)

Naran, A.D.; Fontana, L. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, New York Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY (United States)

2001-04-01

412

HEMATOMA SUBCAPSULAR HEPATICO POR FASCIOLASIS / HEPATIC SUBCAPSULAR HEMATOMA CAUSED BY FASCIOLIASIS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La fasciolasis hepática es una