WorldWideScience
1

The Voices of Thirteen Chinese and Taiwanese Parents Sharing Views about their Children Attending Chinese Heritage Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Many Chinese and Taiwanese parents in the United States see benefits of Chinese schools in providing their children the opportunity to learn Chinese culture and language. The results of this qualitative study involving interviews with thirteen Chinese and Taiwanese parents indicated that there were three main reasons why parents want to send their…

Liao, Li-yuan; Larke, Patrica J.

2008-01-01

2

Chinese Handwriting Performance of Primary School Children with Dyslexia  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to investigate the Chinese handwriting performance of typical children and children with dyslexia, and to examine whether speed and accuracy of handwriting could reliably discriminate these two groups of children. One hundred and thirty-seven children with dyslexia and 756 typical children were recruited from main stream…

Lam, Sutie S. T.; Au, Ricky K. C.; Leung, Howard W. H.; Li-Tsang, Cecilia W. P.

2011-01-01

3

Uncertainty Orientation in Chinese Children: Relations with School and Psychological Adjustment  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine uncertainty orientation and its relations with school and psychological adjustment in Chinese children. A sample of elementary school children in P.R. China, aged 10 to 12 years, participated in the study. Data concerning uncertainty orientation, academic performance and socio-emotional adjustment were…

Wang, Zhengyan; Chen, Xinyin; Sorrentino, Richard; Szeto, Andrew C. H.

2008-01-01

4

Prevalence of Dietary Supplement Use in Healthy Pre-School Chinese Children in Australia and China  

OpenAIRE

There is a growing use of dietary supplements in many countries including China. This study aimed to document the prevalence of dietary supplements use and characteristics of Chinese pre-school children using dietary supplements in Australia and China. A survey was carried out in Perth, Western Australia of 237 mothers with children under five years old and 2079 in Chengdu and Wuhan, China. A total of 22.6% and 32.4% of the Chinese children were taking dietary supplements in Australia and Chi...

Shu Chen; Binns, Colin W.; Bruce Maycock3; Yi Liu; Yuexiao Zhang

2014-01-01

5

Prevalence and association between obesity and metabolic syndrome among Chinese elementary school children: a school-based survey  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background China has experienced an increase in the prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity over the last decades. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome among Chinese school children and determine if there is a significant association between childhood obesity and metabolic syndrome. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1844 children (938 males and 906 females) in six elementary schoo...

Liu AiLing; Lin Rong; Liu WeiJia; Du Lin; Chen Qing

2010-01-01

6

Self-Perceptions of Social Competence and Self-Worth in Chinese Children: Relations with Social and School Performance  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study was to examine relations between self-perceptions of social competence and general self-worth and social and school performance in Chinese children. A sample of children, initially aged 12 years, in the People's Republic of China, participated in this longitudinal study. Data on self-perceptions were collected from…

Chen, Xinyin; He, Yunfeng; Li, Dan

2004-01-01

7

Prevalence of Dietary Supplement Use in Healthy Pre-School Chinese Children in Australia and China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There is a growing use of dietary supplements in many countries including China. This study aimed to document the prevalence of dietary supplements use and characteristics of Chinese pre-school children using dietary supplements in Australia and China. A survey was carried out in Perth, Western Australia of 237 mothers with children under five years old and 2079 in Chengdu and Wuhan, China. A total of 22.6% and 32.4% of the Chinese children were taking dietary supplements in Australia and China, respectively. In China, the most commonly used dietary supplements were calcium (58.5% and zinc (40.4%, while in Australia, the most frequently used types were multi-vitamins/minerals (46.2% and fish oil (42.3%. In Australia, “not working”, “never breastfeed”, “higher education level of the mother” and “older age of the child” were associated with dietary supplement use in children. In China, being unwell and “having higher household income” were significantly related to dietary supplement usage. Because of the unknown effects of many supplements on growth and development and the potential for adverse drug interactions, parents should exercise caution when giving their infants or young children dietary supplements. Wherever possible it is preferable to achieve nutrient intakes from a varied diet rather than from supplements.

Shu Chen

2014-02-01

8

Effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride and sodium fluoride varnish in arresting dentin caries in Chinese pre-school children  

OpenAIRE

Untreated dental caries in Chinese pre-school children is common. This prospective controlled clinical trial investigated the effectiveness of topical fluoride applications in arresting dentin caries. Three hundred seventy-five children, aged 3-5 years, with carious upper anterior teeth were divided into five groups. Children in the first and second groups received annual applications of silver diamine fluoride solution (44,800 ppm F). Sodium fluoride varnish (22,600 ppm F) was applied every ...

Chu, Ch; Lo, Ecm; Lin, Hc

2002-01-01

9

Hong Kong Chinese school children with elevated urine melamine levels: A prospective follow up study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2008, the outbreak of kidney stones in children fed by melamine-tainted milk products in Mainland China has caused major public concern of food safety. We identified Hong Kong school children with elevated urine melamine level from a community-based school survey in 2007-08 and reviewed their clinical status in 2009. Methods In 2007-08, 2119 school children participated in a primary and secondary school survey in Hong Kong using a cluster sampling method. Urine aliquots from 502 subjects were assayed for melamine level. High urine melamine level was defined as urine melamine/creatinine ratio >7.1 ?g/mmol. Subjects with high urine melamine level were invited for clinical evaluation in 2009 including urinalysis and ultrasound imaging of the urinary system. Results The age range of this subcohort was 6 - 20 years with 67% girls (335 female and 167 male subjects. The spot urine melamine/creatinine ratio of the 502 urine aliquots ranged from undetectable to 1467 ?g/mmol (median 0.8 ?g/mmol. Of these, 213 subjects had undetectable level (42%. We invited 47 (9% subjects with high urine melamine level for re-evaluation and one subject declined. The median duration of follow-up was 23.5 months (interquartile range: 19.8 - 30.6 months. None of the 46 subjects (28% boys, mean age 13.9 ± 2.9 years had any abnormality detected on ultrasound study of the urinary system. All subjects had stable renal function with a median urine albumin-creatinine ratio of 0.70 mg/mmol (interquartile range: 0.00 - 2.55 mg/mmol. Conclusions Hong Kong Chinese school children with high urine melamine levels appeared to have benign clinical course in the short term although a long term follow-up study is advisable in those with persistently high urine melamine level.

Chu Winnie CW

2011-05-01

10

Comparison of two optical biometers in Chinese school-aged children  

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Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the repeatability of ocular biometrical measurements obtained from the optical low-coherence reflectometry(Lenstar LS900® version 1.10, as well as its agreement with the partial coherence interferometry(IOL Master® 500 version 7.1in Chinese school-aged children.METHODS: A prospective comparison of ocular biometrical measurements made by the Lenstar and IOL Master was performed on right eye of each participant. The intraobserver repeatability of Lenstar was assessed by coefficient of variation(CV. Agreement was analyzed using Bland-Altman plots.RESULTS: The mean age of the 110 subjects(range 6-15ywas 10.9±2.0y, and 54.5% were female. The Lenstar yielded repeatable measurements, with the smallest CV was obtained for axial length(AL(CVvs 23.88±1.27mm, Pvs 3.58±0.25mm, Pvs 7.56±0.27mm, PCONCLUSIONS: The Lenstar yielded excellent repeatability results of AL, ACD, and corneal curvature measurements, which were interchangeable with the IOL Master measurements in school-aged children.

Pei-Yang Shen

2014-11-01

11

Hong Kong Chinese school children with elevated urine melamine levels: A prospective follow up study  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background In 2008, the outbreak of kidney stones in children fed by melamine-tainted milk products in Mainland China has caused major public concern of food safety. We identified Hong Kong school children with elevated urine melamine level from a community-based school survey in 2007-08 and reviewed their clinical status in 2009. Methods In 2007-08, 2119 school children participated in a primary and secondary school survey in Hong Kong using a cluster ...

Cw, Chu Winnie; Kh, Liu Eric; Wong Chun; Hm, Chan Michael; Ho Chung; Choi Kai-Chow; Ps, Kong Alice; Cy, Chow Viola; Tf, Lau Joseph; Cn, Chan Juliana

2011-01-01

12

Sleep Problems in Chinese School-Aged Children with a Parent-Reported History of ADHD  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: The objective was to survey the prevalence of parent-reported ADHD diagnosis and to assess its associations with sleep problems among urban school-aged children in China. Method: A random sample of 20,152 school-aged children participated in a cross-sectional survey in eight cities of China. A parent-administered questionnaire and the…

Li, Shenghui; Jin, Xinming; Yan, Chonghuai; Wu, Shenghu; Jiang, Fan; Shen, Xiaoming

2009-01-01

13

Sleep Duration, Schedule and Quality among Urban Chinese Children and Adolescents: Associations with Routine After-School Activities  

Science.gov (United States)

Background With rapid urbanization accompanied by lifestyle changes, children and adolescents living in metropolitan areas are faced with many time use choices that compete with sleep. This study reports on the sleep hygiene of urban Chinese school students, and investigates the relationship between habitual after-school activities and sleep duration, schedule and quality on a regular school day. Methods Cross-sectional, school-based survey of school children (Grades 4–8) living in Shanghai, China, conducted in 2011. Self-reported data were collected on students’ sleep duration and timing, sleep quality, habitual after-school activities (i.e. homework, leisure-time physical activity, recreational screen time and school commuting time), and potential correlates. Results Mean sleep duration of this sample (mean age: 11.5-years; 48.6% girls) was 9 hours. Nearly 30% of students reported daytime tiredness. On school nights, girls slept less (p<0.001) and went to bed later (p<0.001), a sex difference that was more pronounced in older students. Age by sex interactions were observed for both sleep duration (p=0.005) and bedtime (p=0.002). Prolonged time spent on homework and mobile phone playing was related to shorter sleep duration and later bedtime. Adjusting for all other factors, with each additional hour of mobile phone playing, the odds of daytime tiredness and having difficulty maintaining sleep increased by 30% and 27% among secondary students, respectively. Conclusion There are sex differences in sleep duration, schedule and quality. Habitual activities had small but significant associations with sleep hygiene outcomes especially among secondary school students. Intervention strategies such as limiting children’s use of electronic screen devices after school are implicated. PMID:25611973

Jiang, Xiaoxiao; Hardy, Louise L.; Baur, Louise A.; Ding, Ding; Wang, Ling; Shi, Huijing

2015-01-01

14

Stages in Chinese Children's Reading of English Words  

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Developmental stages in reading English words were examined among 118 Chinese children in Grades 2, 4, and 6 from a working-class elementary school in Tianjin, China. Proficiency in Chinese and English, ability to make orthographic analogies in both languages, and strategies in reading English words were assessed. Results suggest that Chinese

Yin, Li; Anderson, Richard C.; Zhu, Jin

2007-01-01

15

Development of Orthographic Skills in Chinese Children.  

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Investigates possible developmental trends in children's invented spelling (or spelling errors) in Chinese elementary schools. Notes that regression analysis for linear trend shows that a developmental trend in the use of spelling strategies exists: at the lower elementary level, phonological strategies predominate; as grade level advances, the…

Shen, Helen H.; Bear, Donald R.

2000-01-01

16

Tips for Teachers to Help Bilingual Chinese Immigrant Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers of young children in Chinese immigrant families need to help children become proficient in English (ESL) while affirming the children's bilingual abilities. Pictures, gestures, pantomimes, and props as well as specific input of school-related words help bilingual young children learn English. Teachers read storybooks in English while…

Honig, Alice Sterling; Xu, Yili

2012-01-01

17

The Development of the Chinese Character Knowledge in Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking Children  

OpenAIRE

This paper reports a study on the development of the Chinese character recognition knowledge in 2 942 Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking elementary school children. 2 357 Chinese characters in the Revised Chinese Character List (2007) for Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking elementary school children were divided into 36 versions of test booklets to test the school children’s character recognition knowledge. Each test booklet consisted of a list of 130 to 132 character items, with 50% of linkage to the ...

Cheung, Emily Yee Man

2011-01-01

18

Mandarin Chinese Immersion Program for Preschool Children in an Urban Private School in California: A Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This study enlisted language immersion practitioners in highlighting and exploring the issues and challenges that accompany language immersion education. Comprehensive focused personal interviews of preschool Mandarin Chinese language immersion educators in a private school provided the basis of the study. The research literature reviewed…

Cao, Yuan

2013-01-01

19

Mathematics achievement of Chinese, Japanese, and American children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

American kindergarten children lag behind Japanese children in their understanding of mathematics; by fifth grade they are surpassed by both Japanese and Chinese children. Efforts to isolate bases for these differences involved testing children on other achievement and cognitive tasks, interviewing mothers and teachers, and observing children in their classrooms. Cognitive abilities of children in the three countries are similar, but large differences exist in the children's life in school, the attitudes and beliefs of their mothers, and the involvement of both parents and children in schoolwork

20

Morphological Awareness and Chinese Children's Literacy Development: An Intervention Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between morphological awareness and Chinese children's literacy development. Of the 169 children from elementary schools in Beijing, China, who participated in the study, about half received enhanced instruction on the morphology of characters and words in the first and second grade. At…

Wu, Xiaoying; Anderson, Richard C.; Li, Wenling; Wu, Xinchun; Li, Hong; Zhang, Jie; Zheng, Qiu; Zhu, Jin; Shu, Hua; Jiang, Wei; Chen, Xi; Wang, Qiuying; Yin, Li; He, Yeqin; Packard, Jerome; Gaffney, Janet S.

2009-01-01

21

Examining School Culture in Flemish and Chinese Primary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this research is to gain understanding about school culture characteristics of primary schools in the Flemish and Chinese context. The study was carried out in Flanders (Belgium) and China, involving a total of 44 Flemish schools and 40 Chinese schools. The School Culture Scales were used to measure five school culture dimensions with…

Zhu, Chang; Devos, Geert; Tondeur, Jo

2014-01-01

22

Social Networks and Aggressive Behaviour in Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This exploratory study investigated Mainland Chinese children's social networks and peer group affiliations with a particular emphasis on their aggressive behaviour. The participants were 294 elementary school students in Tianjin, P. R. China (mean age 11.5 years; 161 boys). Social network analysis identified relatively large and gender-specific…

Xu, Yiyuan; Farver, Jo Ann M.; Schwartz, David; Chang, Lei

2004-01-01

23

Personality types of Chinese dental school applicants.  

Science.gov (United States)

This his article reports the findings of a study conducted to investigate the personality types of Chinese dental school applicants. The Chinese version of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) (Form G) was used to assess the personality styles of 332 dental school applicants from the mainland of China. The results of the MBTI for Chinese dental school applicants were compared with a previous study of applicants from the U.K. A higher percentage of this group of Chinese applicants scored higher for Introversion (I) than Extroversion (E); both Chinese and English applicants preferred Judging (J) to Perceiving (P). The dominant personality types in Chinese applicants were ISTJ, ESTJ, and ISFP. The findings suggest that the personality types of Chinese dental students may be somewhat different from the personality profiles exhibited by dental students from other nations. The findings may be of value to individuals who desire to investigate personality type differences among dental students with different cultural backgrounds. PMID:18096885

Wu, Shengjun; Miao, Danmin; Zhu, Xia; Luo, Zhengxue; Liu, Xufeng

2007-12-01

24

School Bullying among Hong Kong Chinese Primary Schoolchildren  

Science.gov (United States)

The first comprehensive survey of 7,025 Chinese primary schoolchildren found that 24% of respondents reported that they had sometimes physically bullied another child. When children observed school bullying, 56% said they immediately reported it to their teachers. Another 20% tried to stop the bullying by approaching the bullies. The study also…

Wong, Dennis S. W.; Lok, David P. P.; Lo, T. Wing; Ma, Stephen K.

2008-01-01

25

Health Shocks and Children's School Attainments in Rural China  

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Using a long panel dataset of Chinese farm households covering the period of 1987-2002, this paper studies how major health shocks happening to household adults affect children's school attainments. We find that primary school-age children are the most vulnerable to health shocks, with their chances to enter middle school dropping by 9.9…

Sun, Ang; Yao, Yang

2010-01-01

26

Anxiety disorder symptoms in chinese preschool children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated anxiety disorder symptoms in Chinese preschool children. A total of 1,854 mothers of children aged 3-6 years completed the 28-item Chinese version of Spence Preschool Anxiety Scale (PAS). Results demonstrated that the structure of anxiety in Chinese preschool children included five factors, and this five-factor structure applied to different age and gender groups. Inconsistent with the study by Edwards et al. (J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 39:400-409, 2010) suggesting that obsessive-compulsive disorder did not comprise an independent factor in Australian preschoolers, this symptom can be viewed as an independent factor in Chinese preschoolers. Younger children displayed higher anxiety levels than older children. Anxiety symptoms of Chinese preschoolers were found at a high level compared to other studies. Substantial differences were found with regard to the content of prevalent anxiety symptoms among Chinese and Australian preschool children. The applicability of the five-factor structure of PAS and research implications are discussed. PMID:24668567

Wang, Meifang; Zhao, Jinxia

2015-02-01

27

The Development of the Chinese Character Knowledge in Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports a study on the development of the Chinese character recognition knowledge in 2 942 Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking elementary school children. 2 357 Chinese characters in the Revised Chinese Character List (2007 for Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking elementary school children were divided into 36 versions of test booklets to test the school children’s character recognition knowledge. Each test booklet consisted of a list of 130 to 132 character items, with 50% of linkage to the next test booklet in the series. The results suggest that the children’s character recognition knowledge grows as they progress in their education levels. The acquisition during the period of level two is rapid and marked. By level three, the school children’s ability reaches 91% coverage of the Chinese characters in the Revised Character List (2007. Furthermore, the study has classified the 2 357 Chinese characters in the Revised Chinese Character List (2007 by grade level.

Emily Yee Man CHEUNG

2011-04-01

28

Chronic benign neutropenia among Chinese children  

OpenAIRE

Objective. To delineate the clinical behaviour of chronic benign neutropenia in Chinese children in Hong Kong. Design. Retrospective study. Setting. University teaching hospital, Hong Kong. Patients. All infants and children with absolute neutrophil count of 1.5 × 109 /L or lower for more than 3 months. Main outcome measures. Development of significant infection, and achievement of remission. Results. Twenty-four children with chronic benign neutropenia were identified between 1992 and 2001....

Chung, Bhy; Chan, Gcf; Lee, Tl; Kwok, Jsy; Chiang, Aks; Ho, Hk; Ha, Sy; Lau, Yl

2004-01-01

29

Factors influencing school connectedness: Chinese adolescents' perspectives  

OpenAIRE

This study explored the concept of school connectedness and the factors that may influence its development with a sample of Chinese adolescents. Six focus groups involving 52 high school students were conducted using a set of predetermined discussion topics. Results indicated that the students fully understood the notion of school connectedness and could identify a number of key influences affecting its development. These factors could be grouped under several domains including teacher care, ...

Yuen, M.; Lau, Psy; Lee, Qay; Gysbers, Nc; Chan, Rmc; Fong, Rw; Chung, Yb; Shea, Pmk

2011-01-01

30

Chinese Children's Constructive Activity and Text Comprehension  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated how constructive activities are involved when Chinese students are performing reading tasks that require deeper levels of understanding. Forty students from Grade 5 (19 boys and 21 girls), and 42 students from Grade 6 (20 boys and 22 girls) participated in this study. To reveal the children's constructive processes in…

Law, Yin-Kum

2008-01-01

31

Spirulina can increase total-body vitamin A stores of Chinese school-age children as determined by a paired isotope dilution technique  

OpenAIRE

Spirulina is an alga rich in high-quality protein and carotenoids. It is unclear whether spirulina can improve the total-body vitamin A stores of school-age children in China with a high prevalence of vitamin A malnutrition. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of spirulina in improving the total-body vitamin A stores of school-age children in rural areas of China when they consumed spirulina in their daily meals. A total of 228 children (6–11 years) were recruited and randomly ...

Li, Lei; Zhao, Xianfeng; Wang, Jie; Muzhingi, Tawanda; Suter, Paolo M.; Tang, Guangwen; Yin, Shi-an

2012-01-01

32

Popularity and Acceptance as Distinct Dimensions of Social Standing for Chinese Children in Hong Kong  

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This study attempted to validate distinctions between popularity and social acceptance in the cultural context of Hong Kong. We recruited 280 Chinese children (132 girls, 148 boys, mean age = 9.5) from Hong Kong primary schools. These children completed a peer nomination inventory assessing popularity, social acceptance, social rejection,…

Schwartz, David; Tom, Shelley R.; Chang, Lei; Xu, Yiyuan; Duong, Mylien T.; Kelly, Brynn M.

2010-01-01

33

Speech Perception Deficits by Chinese Children with Phonological Dyslexia  

Science.gov (United States)

Findings concerning the relation between dyslexia and speech perception deficits are inconsistent in the literature. This study examined the relation in Chinese children using a more homogeneous sample--children with phonological dyslexia. Two experimental tasks were administered to a group of Chinese children with phonological dyslexia, a group…

Liu, Wenli; Shu, Hua; Yang, Yufang

2009-01-01

34

Spirulina can increase total-body vitamin A stores of Chinese school-age children determined by a paired isotope dilution technique  

Science.gov (United States)

Spirulina is an alga rich in high-quality protein and carotenoids. It is unclear whether spirulina can improve the total-body vitamin A stores of school-age children in China with a high prevalence of vitamin A malnutrition. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of spirulina in improving the total-body ...

35

Ruptured appendicitis in Chinese children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

74 cases of perforated acute appendicitis in children were recorded in Mackay Memorial Hospital during a period of 3 years, with the purpose of searching for findings such as fecaliths, scoliosis, small intestinal obstruction, air fluid level, extraluminal air, hepatic flexure cut-off sign, haziness in the right lower quadrant and obliteration of the pro-peritoneal fat line or the right psoas shadow on plain abdominal film. The average positive findings in each patient were 4; 3-6 in 76% and 2-9 in 89%, prompting us to conclude that a combination of the above roentgenological signs on plain film will result in only very few cases of ruptured appendicitis in children being missed which could be of great value in the diagnosis of equivocal cases. (author). 8 refs.; 2 figs.; 3 tabs

36

Imparting Cultural Values to Chinese Children through Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on the occurrence of modernization and globalization in Chinese society over the last few decades, the content of 145 stories, published in the most popular Chinese children's story magazine from the 1980s to the present, were examined for the representation of cultural values. The presence of Chinese, Western and social-moral values in…

Zhang, Chenyi; Morrison, Johnetta W.

2010-01-01

37

Parental schooling & children's health.  

OpenAIRE

Nearly one in every four children in the United States is born to a mother who has not finished high school, and more than one in eight is reared by such a mother during the critical preschool period. Large-scale studies show that the health and welfare of children are linked to the education level of their parents, with parent education often being a stronger predictor of child well-being than family income, single parenthood, or family size. Higher parent education levels make it more likel...

Zill, N.

1996-01-01

38

Morphological Awareness Uniquely Predicts Young Children's Chinese Character Recognition.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two unique measures of morphological awareness were orally administered to kindergarten and 2nd-grade Hong Kong Chinese children. Both tasks of morphological awareness predicted unique variance in Chinese character recognition in these children, after controlling for age, phonological awareness, speeded naming, speed of processing, and vocabulary.…

McBride-Chang, Catherine; Shu, Hua; Zhou, Aibao; Wat, Chun Pong; Wagner, Richard K.

2003-01-01

39

Children's Views on Child Abuse and Neglect: Findings from an Exploratory Study with Chinese Children in Hong Kong  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: This research study explored children's views on issues about child abuse in Hong Kong and examined their implications on child protection work and research in Chinese societies. Method: Six primary schools were recruited from different districts of Hong Kong. Five vignettes of child maltreatment in the form of flash movies were…

Chan, Yuk-chung; Lam, Gladys L. T.; Shae, Wan-Chaw

2011-01-01

40

Does long time spending on the electronic devices affect the reading abilities? A cross-sectional study among Chinese school-aged children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Home literacy environment (HLE) is one of most important modifiable risk factors to dyslexia. With the development in technology, we include the electronic devices usage at home, such as computers and televisions, to the definition of HLE and investigate its impact on dyslexia based on the on-going project of Tongji's Reading Environment and Dyslexia Study. The data include 5063 children, primary school students (grade 3-grade 6), from a middle-sized city in China. We apply the principal component analysis (PCA) to reduce the large dimension of variables in HLE, and find the first three components, denoted as PC1, PC2 and PC3, can explain 95.45% of HLE information. PC1 and PC2 demonstrate strong positive association with 'total time spending on electronic devices' and 'literacy-related activity', respectively. PC3 demonstrates strong negative association with 'restrictions on using electronic devices'. From the generalized linear model, we find that PC1 significantly increases the risk of dyslexia (OR=1.043, 95% CI: 1.018-1.070), while PC2 significantly decreases the risk of dyslexia (OR=0.839, 95% CI: 0.795-0.886). Therefore, reducing the total time spending on electronic devices and increasing the literacy-related activity would be the potential protective factors for dyslexic children in China. PMID:25247847

He, Zhen; Shao, Shanshan; Zhou, Jie; Ke, Juntao; Kong, Rui; Guo, Shengnan; Zhang, Jiajia; Song, Ranran

2014-12-01

41

Parental Strategies in Supporting Chinese Children's Learning of English Vocabulary  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on parental involvement as experienced by a group of elite secondary school pupils in learning English vocabulary on the Chinese mainland. It highlights the variety of strategies that Chinese parents adopted to support, sustain and enhance these pupils' efforts to learn English vocabulary. They functioned as critical agents…

Gao, Xuesong

2012-01-01

42

To have or to learn? The effects of materialism on British and Chinese children's learning.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents a systematic attempt to examine the associations of materialism with learning in 9- to 11-year-old children in 2 countries of similar economic development but different cultural heritage. Using cross-sectional, longitudinal, and experimental methods, we test a theoretically driven model of associations among materialism, learning motivations, and learning outcomes. Convergent findings suggest that a materialist orientation in elementary school children lowers intrinsic learning motivations, fosters extrinsic learning motivations, and leads to poorer learning outcomes. Materialism was linked directly to lower exam performance, and this link was mediated by lower mastery and heightened performance goals, with patterns not differing between British and Hong Kong Chinese children (Study 1). A follow-up showed that initial materialism predicted worse exam grades 1 year later, suggesting a detrimental long-term effect on Chinese children's school performance (Study 2). We then tested relationships between materialism and learning experimentally, by priming a momentary (state) orientation toward materialism. Writing about material possessions and money affected Chinese children's learning motivations, so that they endorsed lower mastery and higher performance goals (Study 3). A video-diary materialism prime had significant effects on actual learning behaviors, leading British children to (a) choose a performance-oriented learning task over a mastery-oriented task and (b) give up on the task more quickly (Study 4). This research has important implications for personality psychology, educational policy, and future research. PMID:24749823

Ku, Lisbeth; Dittmar, Helga; Banerjee, Robin

2014-05-01

43

Chinese Engineering Students' Cross-Cultural Adaptation in Graduate School  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores cross-cultural adaptation experience of Chinese engineering students in the U.S. I interact with 10 Chinese doctoral students in engineering from a public research university through in-depth interviews to describe (1) their perceptions of and responses to key challenges they encountered in graduate school, (2) their…

Jiang, Xinquan

2010-01-01

44

Developmental Dyscalculia and Low Numeracy in Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Children struggle with mathematics for different reasons. Developmental dyscalculia and low numeracy--two kinds of mathematical difficulties--may have their roots, respectively, in poor understanding of exact non-symbolic numerosities and of symbolic numerals. This study was the first to explore whether Chinese children, despite cultural and…

Chan, Winnie Wai Lan; Au, Terry K.; Tang, Joey

2013-01-01

45

Understanding Cultural Contexts Fosters Sensitive Caregiving of Chinese American Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Provides information for teachers and caregivers of young children regarding the family contexts of Chinese American children of immigrant parents. Includes information on cultural beliefs, languages, child rearing, and beliefs and practices regarding education. Discusses implications for teachers and child caregivers. (KB)

Huntsinger, Carol S.; Huntsinger, Phillip R.; Ching, Wei-Di; Lee, Choi-Bo

2000-01-01

46

Bing Xin: First Female Writer of Modern Chinese Children’s Literature  

OpenAIRE

Bing Xin (1900-1999) was among the finest female writers of the early modern Chinese literature, and her poems and essays are full of praising of maternal love, glorification of sea and other natural scenes. They are most welcomed by children. For nearly a century, Bing Xin’s works have been avidly read by hundreds of millions of Chinese children and have been a fundamental force, shaping modern Chinese children’s literature. This paper examines the development of Bing Xin’s “philosop...

Lijun Bi

2013-01-01

47

Relations of parenting style to Chinese children’s effortful control, ego resilience, and maladjustment  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of the study was to examine the relations of authoritative parenting and corporal punishment to Chinese first and second graders’ effortful control (EC), impulsivity, ego resilience, and maladjustment, as well as mediating relations. A parent and teacher reported on children’s EC, impulsivity, and ego resilience; parents reported on children’s internalizing symptoms and their own parenting, and teachers and peers reported on children’s externalizing symptoms. Authoritative...

Eisenberg, Nancy; Chang, Lei; Ma, Yue; Huang, Xiaorui

2009-01-01

48

Raising Children in Chinese Immigrant Families: Evidence from the Research Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Children of Chinese culture are raised differently from children of other cultural groups. There is research evidence which contends that, regardless of where they live, the child-rearing practices within Chinese immigrant families are still influenced by Chinese traditional culture. Some studies also point out that Chinese immigrant parents…

Guo, Karen

2006-01-01

49

The Relationship between Students' Problem Posing and Problem Solving Abilities and Beliefs: A Small-Scale Study with Chinese Elementary School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of the present study is to investigate the relationship between pupils' problem posing and problem solving abilities, their beliefs about problem posing and problem solving, and their general mathematics abilities, in a Chinese context. Five instruments, i.e., a problem posing test, a problem solving test, a problem posing…

Limin, Chen; Van Dooren, Wim; Verschaffel, Lieven

2013-01-01

50

British Chinese Children: Agency and Action  

Science.gov (United States)

The assumption that Chinese young people are passive beings with little or no agency is a dominant theme within the academic literature. However PhD research findings demonstrate how British Chinese adolescents (aged 11-14) do exhibit varying degrees of agency in their lives. Here, agency is understood as individuals having the capacity to act, to…

Clayton, Carmen Lau

2013-01-01

51

Developmental dyscalculia and low numeracy in Chinese children  

OpenAIRE

Children struggle with mathematics for different reasons. Developmental dyscalculia and low numeracy - two kinds of mathematical difficulties - may have their roots, respectively, in poor understanding of exact non-symbolic numerosities and of symbolic numerals. This study was the first to explore whether Chinese children, despite cultural and linguistic factors supporting their mathematical learning, also showed such mathematical difficulties and whether such difficulties have measurable imp...

Chan, Winnie Wai Lan; Au, Terry K. F.; Tang, Joey C. Y.

2013-01-01

52

Adiponectin and Leptin Metabolic Biomarkers in Chinese Children and Adolescents  

OpenAIRE

Objective. To evaluate leptin and adiponectin as biomarkers of metabolic syndrome (MS) risk factors even in nonobese children/adolescents. Methods. Serum leptin, adiponectin, leptin:adiponectin ratio, lipids, glucose, and insulin concentrations as well as body size parameters and pubertal development were evaluated in a large population of Chinese children/adolescents (n = 3505, 6–18 years, 1722 girls and 1783 boys). Results. Leptin concentration increased while adiponectin decreased with o...

Jie Mi; Mercedes Nancy Munkonda; Ming Li; Mei-Xian Zhang; Xiao-Yuan Zhao; Katherine Cianflone; Ponce Cedric Wamba Fouejeu

2010-01-01

53

Physical Activity in the Lives of Hong Kong Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

To understand the physical activity culture in the lives of Hong Kong Chinese children and their parents, 48 young people between the ages 9 and 16 and their parents, with different socio-economic backgrounds and geographical locations, were interviewed for this study. By applying Confucianism and postcolonialism, this study aimed to investigate…

Ha, Amy S.; Macdonald, Doune; Pang, Bonnie O. H.

2010-01-01

54

Understanding the Nature of Performance: The Influence of Learner Background on School-Age Learner Achievement in Chinese  

Science.gov (United States)

While Chinese language learning in Australian schools is characterised by predominantly second language programs for learners who have had no prior exposure to the target language, there is increasing participation by Australian-born children who speak Putonghua (Mandarin) or another dialect at home. Curriculum and assessment frameworks and…

Scrimgeour, Andrew

2012-01-01

55

[Spinal pain in school children].  

Science.gov (United States)

The investigation was carried out to determine the prevalence of back pain among the population of the school-children aged from 6 to 17 yrs. 3386 children from primary Warsaw schools randomly chosen, were investigated according to the questionnaire based on the diagnostic criteria of juvenile spondyloarthropathies (JSA). Total prevalence of spinal pain was 10.14%. Back pain occurred more frequently than the low - back and cervical pain (5.1% vs 3.44% and 3.04%). The incidence of painful episodes was highest between the age 12 - 15 yrs. Although no definite spondyloarthropathy was found among the investigated children - spinal pain occurred most frequently in those who showed one of the signs included into JSA criteria. This may imply the presence of a risk factor for developing spondyloarthropathy in the future. PMID:12878787

Romicka, Anna M; Rostropowicz-Denisiewicz, Katarzyna; Moskalewicz, Bozena; Wojtyniak, Bogdan

2003-01-01

56

Chinese and Australian children's understandings of the Earth: a cross cultural study of conceptual development  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore Chinese and Australian primary children's conceptual understandings of the Earth. The research was conducted in the interpretive paradigm and was designed to be descriptive with comparative and cross sectional elements. Participants were Year 3 and Year 6 children from three schools in Hunan Province, central south China ( n = 38) and Year 3 and Year 6 children from three schools in Western Australia ( n = 36). In-depth interviews including drawings were carried out to explore the participants' conceptual understandings of the Earth's shape, gravity, day/night cycle and seasons. The results showed that, regardless of different cultures, children from the same year group constructed similar concepts about the Earth. The Year 3 children were more likely than the Year 6 children to demonstrate intuitive conceptions of a round and flat Earth. The Year 6 children were more likely to demonstrate consistent understandings of a spherical Earth. The findings supported the universality of entrenched presuppositions hypothesis. Cultural mediation was found to have a subtle impact on children's understanding of the Earth. A model of conceptual development is proposed.

Tao, Ying; Oliver, Mary; Venville, Grady

2013-06-01

57

Chinese Cultural Education in Post-Colonial Hong Kong: Primary School Chinese Language Teachers' Belief and Practice  

Science.gov (United States)

Before 1997, no formal curriculum on Chinese cultural education for primary schools was developed in Hong Kong although the education authority had started to introduce some items of Chinese cultural learning into the Chinese language syllabus when the Target Oriented Curriculum was implemented in 1996. However, such items were incorporated into…

Kwan, Ming Kai Marko

2010-01-01

58

The Association of Weight Status with Physical Fitness among Chinese Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective. To investigate the association of weight status with physical fitness among Chinese children. Methods. A total of 6929 children aged 6–12 years were selected from 15 primary schools of 5 provincial capital cities in eastern China. The height and fasting body weight were measured. The age-, sex-specific BMI WHO criteria was used to define underweight, overweight and obesity. Physical fitness parameters including standing broad jump, 50?m sprint, and 50?m?8 shuttle run were tested. Results. The prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity was 3.1%, 14.9%, and 7.8%, respectively. Boys performed better than girls, and the older children performed better than their younger counterparts for all physical fitness tests. No significant difference in all three physical fitness tests were found between children with underweight and with normal weight, and they both performed better than their counterparts with overweight and obese in all three physical fitness tests. The likelihood of achieving good performance was much lower among overweight and obese children in comparison with their counterparts with normal weight (OR=0.13–0.54. Conclusions. An inverse association of obesity with cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle explosive strength, and speed was identified among Chinese children.

Ying Li

2010-01-01

59

Governor's Schools: An Alternative for Gifted Children  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the authors discuss Governor's Schools as an alternative for gifted students. When the word school is used, people typically think about traditional schooling. But Governor's Schools are different in the type of schooling provided and the type of students served--they educate predominantly gifted children, teach a wide array of…

Winkler, Daniel L.; Stephenson, Scott; Jolly, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01

60

Serum lipid & lipoprotein profiles of obese Chinese children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The serum lipid and lipoprotein levels of 59 obese Chinese children with a mean age of 13.0 years and mean relative weight of 164.2% were analysed. Between 40% to 54% of these children had elevated lipid and lipoprotein levels and about 78% had reduced high density lipoprotein (HDL) level when compared to healthy American and Japanese children. The obese children also had higher mean levels of total cholesterol (TC) and lower HDL compared to male adults in the local population. Those with elevated TC had higher mean relative weight (170% vs 159%, p obese children should be carefully screened and managed to prevent long term morbidity and mortality of coronary artery disease. PMID:10967982

Ho, T F; Paramsothy, S; Aw, T C; Yip, W C

1996-03-01

61

Beyond Learning Literacy at School: One Chinese Adolescent's Educational Journey  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on a variety of qualitative data, this case study explored one Chinese adolescent's decade-long educational journey at various American schools. The findings reveal academic triumphs, familial conflicts, and developmental dilemmas experienced by the student and the family across different sociocultural spaces. This research has…

Ma, Wen

2009-01-01

62

Family to School: Can Do Mandarin Chinese Learning in Kentucky  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author describes her experience of teaching Mandarin Chinese at Stopher Elementary School in Louisville, Kentucky. Through growing and learning with her students, the author has become a firm believer in the importance of early childhood language acquisition and a passionate advocate for world language education.

Chiang, Janna

2009-01-01

63

Validating the Chinese Version of the Inventory of School Motivation  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to assess the cross-cultural applicability of the Chinese version of the Inventory of School Motivation (ISM; McInerney & Sinclair, 1991) in the Hong Kong context using both within-network and between-network approaches to construct validation. The ISM measures four types of achievement goals: mastery, performance, social,…

King, Ronnel B.; Watkins, David A.

2013-01-01

64

Children's Agency during Transition to Formal Schooling  

Science.gov (United States)

Children's transition to school is a key issue in early years of education. Research in this field points to the counterintuitive possibility that the transition to school may actually lead to a reduction rather than a facilitation of children's agency. The paper presents findings of a longitudinal comparative ethnography on children's transition…

Huf, Christina

2013-01-01

65

Seizure Management for School-Age Children  

Science.gov (United States)

As many as 325,000 school-age children, ages 5-14, have epilepsy in the U.S. Thankfully, with medication, surgery, a special diet or vagus nerve stimulation, most go to school and fully participate in school activities. Children who continue to have seizures, however, may run into problems. Many of these problems can be overcome or prevented…

Frueh, Eileen

2008-01-01

66

Implementing Children's Human Rights Education in Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Evaluations of a children's rights education initiative in schools in Hampshire, England--consistent with previous research findings--demonstrate the effectiveness of a framework of rights for school policy, practice, and teaching, for promoting rights-respecting attitudes and behaviors among children, and for improving the school ethos. The value…

Covell, Katherine; Howe, R. Brian; McNeil, Justin K.

2010-01-01

67

Unhealthy Behaviours of School Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: The objective of the study was to ascertain nutritional customs of pupils in grade schools.Material and Method: Anonymous questionnaires were done to a sample of 380 children, aged 10 to 14, in 20 fourth-to eight grade classes from 2 schools in Cluj-Napoca: one from down-town, the other one from a poorer neighbourhood.Results: Almost half of students revealed to have an irregular diet. In the last month, some of them did not have enough food or money to buy it (much of them come from the poorer neighbourhood. In this latest school, a triple percent of children have a vegetable diet (no meat, in fact. The obsession to lose weight and the irregular diet has conducted to lose appetite in over 30% of girls. About 60% take vitamins or nutritional supplements. Social status as well as the irregular diet is reflected in general status: over one third feel sad, alone, useless or cry without any reason. Some of the pupils which have problems with daily food supply, think the life is hard and do not worth to live it.Conclusions: There is a wide diversity in nutritional customs of children. Some of them are due to inappropriate nutritional knowledge or a wrong perception of being on fashion as well as to social status. Although the economic conditions are difficult to change, we consider that nutrition education should still be a part of health teaching.

Valeria LAZA

2008-12-01

68

Brand Perceptions among School Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aims to explore the perception of children towards brand consciousness by using drawings and open-ended questions. A total of 20 primary school were requested to draw what they think about two statements given related to a person with branded materials and a person without branded materials. After drawing, respondents were personally interviewed regarding belongings of branded goods with cheerfulness, friendship, behaviour characters and desire for belongings. Results from the analysis of the drawings and interviews indicate that that there are significant differences in the children perception of someone with or without branded materials. Based on these findings, one hypothesis was proposed about perception of children with regard the knowledge of brand awareness.

Wan Edura Wan Rashid

2009-02-01

69

Enhancing orthographic knowledge helps spelling production in eight-year-old Chinese children at risk for dyslexia.  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigated the effects of enhancing orthographic knowledge on the spelling of Chinese characters and words in 131 eight-year-old Chinese children at risk for dyslexia. The traditional approach (37 children) emphasizing memory and repeated writing was the control condition. The analytic and synthetic approach (ASA, 33 children) stressed insight into character structure. The integrated analytic and synthetic approach added to ASA self-correction and metacognitive activities (INA, 61 children). The children were first asked to write down as many words as possible associated with pictures of home, school, and community; the correctly written words formed the baseline information. The children were then instructed by their classroom teachers in six especially designed short texts and assessed in eight measurable bujian or radical tasks subserving three constructs: morpheme completion, bujian analysis and synthesis and bujian compounding. Multivariate analyses of variance showed that the children in the INA condition outperformed those in the other conditions in three of the measurable bujian tasks. A confirmatory factor analysis verified the stability of the eight tasks and their clustering into three constructs. From these results, we tentatively propose a "bujian sensitivity hypothesis" as a means of helping young Chinese children at risk for spelling disorders. PMID:21373979

Leong, Che Kan; Loh, Ka Yee; Ki, Wing Wah; Tse, Shek Kam

2011-06-01

70

The immunogenicity of hepatitis A vaccine in Chinese children  

OpenAIRE

Objective Data on immunogenicity of hepatitis A vaccines (including inactivated and live attenuated vaccine) have been reviewed using a systematic approach in Chinese children. Our mission is to provide a comprehensive review of evidence that whether vaccine types, booster, dosage and age could affect immunogenicity. Methodology A systematic literature review was conducted including all studies reporting on immunogenicity of hepatitis A vaccine. The outcomes considered were hepatiti...

Yong, Xianting; ???

2013-01-01

71

Cohesion of EFL Teaching at Chinese High Schools and Universities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fine cohesion of EFL teaching at high schools (including junior and senior ones and universities can ensure the consistency of Chinese EFL educational policy, which has been a significant proposition in the field of Chinese EFL education in recent years. This paper, based upon the investigation of English Curriculum Standard of Senior English (For Trial Implementation, employed the method of education policy analysis, examined the cohesion of the three phases (junior high school English, senior high school English and college English from the perspectives of text and the “standard” implementation. Results indicated that although the “standard” had much room for improvement in the text, the cohesion of EFL teaching at the three phases proved to be good in terms of both theory and practice.

Yuxiu Yu

2014-07-01

72

Cross-Cultural Adjustment of Chinese Students in Japan: School Adjustment and Educational Support  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates Chinese immigrant students' cross-cultural and school adjustment issues in Japanese schools. Using a quantitative method, a survey which collected students' demographic information, cross-cultural adjustment, and school adjustment questions was administered to 143 Chinese junior high and high school students in…

Li, Yuan Xiang; Sano, Hideki; Ahn, Ruth

2013-01-01

73

Dropout of Children from schools in Nepal  

OpenAIRE

Nepal, a developing country of the south-asian region has bigger problem of children not completing the full cycle of basic education. In other words, large number of children dropout of schools, especially in the primary and secondary level of schooling. Especially, the situation is worse for those of the backward and socially disadvantaged populations and of the rural and the remote areas. Being in this frame, this study focused on the reasons of dropout of children from schools and the pos...

Wagle, Dhirendra

2012-01-01

74

The School of Mandarin Duck and Butterfly’s Creative Push on Early Chinese Publishing Industry  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The School of Mandarin Duck and Butterfly, as an early Chinese popular literature important school, is a participant of early Chinese publishing industry who promoted early Chinese publishing industry development through creativities on publishing from four aspects such as publishing content creativity, graphic design creativity, marketing creativity and cross-media industry creativity.

Bin Li

2012-10-01

75

International note: between-domain relations of Chinese high school students' academic achievements.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined the between-domain relations of Chinese high school students' academic achievements. In a sample of 1870 Chinese 10th grade students, the results indicated that Chinese high school students' academic achievements were correlated across nine subjects. In line with the previous Western findings, the findings suggested that academic achievement was largely domain-general in nature. PMID:22391216

Yangyang, Liu

2012-08-01

76

The School of Mandarin Duck and Butterfly’s Creative Push on Early Chinese Publishing Industry  

OpenAIRE

The School of Mandarin Duck and Butterfly, as an early Chinese popular literature important school, is a participant of early Chinese publishing industry who promoted early Chinese publishing industry development through creativities on publishing from four aspects such as publishing content creativity, graphic design creativity, marketing creativity and cross-media industry creativity.

Bin Li

2012-01-01

77

Characteristics of Chinese Primary School Students’ EFL Learning Strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is beneficial for teachers’ effective teaching to be aware of the characteristics of students’ learning strategies. This paper employed “Questionnaire of Primary School Students’ EFL Learning Strategies” of high reliability and validity and examined Chinese primary school students’ EFL learning strategies. 700 students participated in the investigation. Results indicated that the general situation with respect to participants’ EFL learning strategies was not optimistic. The most frequently used was cognitive strategy, followed by meta-cognitive strategy, and the least frequently used strategy was social/affective one. In addition, interaction between school, gender and grade was significant, the scores obtained were closely associated with individual school’s teaching level, and girls gained more scores than boys.

Jieqiong Wu

2014-06-01

78

Teacher Perceptions of School Culture and Their Organizational Commitment and Well-Being in a Chinese School  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to analyze and validate the dimensions and specific features of a school culture in a Chinese context. A sample of 181 teachers from a Chinese primary and secondary school in Beijing participated in a survey that measures school organizational cultural characteristics and teacher organizational commitment and well-being as outcomes…

Zhu, Chang; Devos, Geert; Li, Yifei

2011-01-01

79

CHILDREN'S SCHOOL DANCE AND THE PRESCHOOL CHILD  

OpenAIRE

The diploma paper entitled CHILDREN'S SCHOOL DANCE AND THE PRESCHOOL CHILD is theoretical and empirical. The theoretical part starts with the presentation of the dance tradition: the meaning of the term, dance and its position in preschool education, dance terms and expressions, the goals and methods of dance education and dance forms. The children's dance tradition is also presented: children's folk tradition, children's merrymaking games, along with the accompaniment to the children...

Kundih, Marjeta

2011-01-01

80

Children's collaborative encounters in pre-school  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Collaboration is often described as a situation whereby two or more children work together towards a common goal. When viewed from a socio-cultural learning perspective, a broader understanding of collaboration is suggested. This article investigates the forms and pathways of children’s collaboration and how the institutional demands influence children’s collaborative encounters. The study is based on video recordings of paedagogical activities (workshops and circle times) in two Danish pre-schools over a period of 11 months. Although institutional demands challenge children’s initiatives, it is found that children build friendships, assist, inspire, and imitate one another in their collaborative encounters in paedagogical activities. In order to better support children’s learning and engaged participation in paedagogical activities, an increased attention to the institutional demands on children’s collaborative encounters in early childhood education is suggested.

Svinth, Lone

2013-01-01

81

A Latent Class Analysis of Bullies, Victims and Aggressive Victims in Chinese Adolescence: Relations with Social and School Adjustments  

OpenAIRE

This study used the latent class analysis (LCA) to identify and classify Chinese adolescent children's aggressive behaviors. It was found that (1) Adolescent children could be divided into four categories: general children, aggressive children, victimized children and aggressive victimized children. (2) There were significant gender differences among the aggressive victimized children, the aggressive children and the general children. Specifically, aggressive victimized children and aggressiv...

Shao, Aihui; Liang, Lichan; Yuan, Chunyong; Bian, Yufang

2014-01-01

82

Parenting Styles and Practices among Chinese Immigrant Mothers with Young Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated how Chinese immigrant mothers in the USA make meaning of their parenting styles and practices in rearing their young children (aged two to six). Twelve Chinese immigrant mothers were interviewed. A key finding reveals that the Chinese immigrant mothers' parenting practices reflected the indigenous concept of jiaoyang in the…

Chen, Jennifer Jun-Li; Chen, Tianying; Zheng, Xiao Xian

2012-01-01

83

Romany Children on schools in Uherský Brod  

OpenAIRE

Terrain examination carried out during November and December 1999 in frame of project GA ?R 409/99/0390 on five schools in Uherský Brod. We got at experiences of teachers with learning Romany children and we did enquiry about attitude of Romany children from a few chosen classes of these schools.

Pavelc?i?k, Jir?i?

2009-01-01

84

Specific Reading Difficulties in Chinese, English, or Both: Longitudinal Markers of Phonological Awareness, Morphological Awareness, and RAN in Hong Kong Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

What are the longitudinal cognitive profiles of Hong Kong Chinese children with specific reading difficulties in Chinese only, in English only, or both? A total of 16 poor readers each of Chinese (PC) and English (PE) and 8 poor readers of both orthographies (PB) were compared to a control sample (C) of 16 children; all were drawn from a…

McBride-Chang, Catherine; Liu, Phil D.; Wong, Terry; Wong, Anita; Shu, Hua

2012-01-01

85

[School problems in gifted children and adolescents].  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents and teachers must be heedful of children with above-average talents. Typical behavioural patterns of very intelligent children must not lead to a lack of understanding and rejection. The abilities of these children must be encouraged in a sustained manner even at primary school age so that their special talents do not develop into resignation or physical or mental disturbances. PMID:18064814

Schmidt, Martin H

2007-11-22

86

Primary School Children's Vision Screening Project  

OpenAIRE

In the final year of the BSc in Optometry, students work with children in local schools to do vision screenings, supervised by DIT lecturers. This project enhances students’ experience of working with children, and ensures that any local children with eye problems are swiftly referred to a specialist.

O Dwyer, Veronica; Harrington, Sandra

2012-01-01

87

"What Makes You Shy?": Understanding Situational Elicitors of Shyness in Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on two exploratory studies of situations that elicit shyness in Mainland Chinese children. In Study 1 (N = 100; M[subscript age] = 10.42) interviews with Chinese children identified three kinds of shyness-eliciting situations: social novelty; negative social evaluation; and public attention. In Study 2 (N = 162, M[subscript age]…

Xu, Yiyuan; Farver, Jo Ann M.

2009-01-01

88

International School Children's Health Needs: School Nurses' Views in Europe  

Science.gov (United States)

Rapid globalization and the integration of national economies have contributed to the sharp rise in enrollment in international schools. How does this global nomadism affect international school children and their individual health needs? This study attempts to find an answer by interviewing 10 school nurses, with varying degrees of experience in…

Hansson, Annika; Clausson, Eva; Janlov, Ann-Christin

2012-01-01

89

Spirometric Standards for Healthy Children and Adolescents of Korean Chinese in Northeast China  

OpenAIRE

In China there are 1,923,842 Korean Chinese, who live mostly (92.27%) in the country's three northeast provinces. In spite of this sizeable number, no spirometric data are available at present on them. The present study investigated normal spirometric reference values for the Korean Chinese children and adolescents. Spirometry was performed in 443 healthy Korean Chinese children and adolescents aged 8-18 yr with measurements of forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second...

Feng, Kui; Chen, Li; Han, Shao-mei; Zhu, Guang-jin

2011-01-01

90

Distributed leadership and teachers’ self-efficacy : the case studies of three Chinese schools in Shanghai  

OpenAIRE

This study looks into the distributed leadership and its influence on teachers’ self-efficacy in three Chinese schools in Shanghai. Against the background of the eighth national curriculum reform launched in 2002, the Chinese schools are seeking for the new way to enhance the school-based curriculum. On top of that, the trend of decentralization also encourages the school principals to involve the teachers in the school leadership practice. The relationship between distributed leadersh...

Tian, Meng

2011-01-01

91

Relations of Parenting and Temperament to Chinese Children’s Experience of Negative Life Events, Coping Efficacy, and Externalizing Problems  

OpenAIRE

The relations of parenting and temperament (effortful control and anger/frustration) to children’s externalizing problems were examined in a 3.8-year longitudinal study of 425 native Chinese children (6 – 9 years) from Beijing. Children’s experience of negative life events and coping efficacy were examined as mediators in the parenting and temperament-externalizing relations. Parents reported on their own parenting. Parents and teachers rated temperament. Children reported on negative l...

Zhou, Qing; Wang, Yun; Deng, Xianli; Eisenberg, Nancy; Wolchik, Sharlene A.; Tein, Jenn-yun

2008-01-01

92

Similarity of Deleterious Effects of Divorce on Chinese and American Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews and contrasts the effects of divorce on Chinese children's adjustment to American children of divorce. Results indicate that the deleterious effects of divorce on children's academic and social functioning appear to be similar to that experienced by American children. (Contains 23 references.) (GCP)

Zhou, Zheng; Bray, Melissa A.; Kehle, Thomas J.; Xin, Tao

2001-01-01

93

The Revival of Confucianism in Chinese Schools: A Historical-Political Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the "back to tradition" movement in Chinese schools and its political nature. It focuses on the launch of the "education in Chinese traditional virtues" project in the 1980s and various new developments at the present time, which continue a revival of Confucianism in Chinese society and education. The paper looks into the…

Yu, Tianlong

2008-01-01

94

Sex Differences in the Reciprocal Relationships between Mild and Severe Corporal Punishment and Children's Internalizing Problem Behavior in a Chinese Sample  

Science.gov (United States)

The study aimed to investigate the sex differences in the reciprocal relations between parental corporal punishment and child internalizing problem behavior in China. Four hundred fifty-four Chinese elementary school-age children completed measures of their parental corporal punishment toward them and their own internalizing problem behavior at…

Xing, Xiaopei; Wang, Meifang

2013-01-01

95

An Area Neglected in Citizenship Education: Children’s Rights Education at Home and at School  

OpenAIRE

Children’s rights education is an important part of citizenship education. Home and school are among the places where children learn about and use their rights. For this reason, family members and teachers play an important role in children’s learning about their rights. This research was conducted to determine the perceptions of elementary school teachers and parents about children’s rights, the applications they carry out at home and at school for children’s rights education, and th...

Arife Figen Ersoy

2012-01-01

96

Contribution of discourse and morphosyntax skills to reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic and typically developing children  

OpenAIRE

This study aimed at identifying important skills for reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic children and their typically developing counterparts matched on age (CA controls) or reading level (RL controls). The children were assessed on Chinese reading comprehension, cognitive, and reading-related skills. Results showed that the dyslexic children performed significantly less well than the CA controls but similarly to RL controls in most measures. Results of multiple regression analyses show...

Chik, Pakey Pui-man; Ho, Connie Suk-han; Yeung, Pui-sze; Wong, Yau-kai; Chan, David Wai-ock; Chung, Kevin Kien-hoa; Lo, Lap-yan

2010-01-01

97

Adoption of Blogging by a Chinese Language Composition Class in a Vocational High School in Taiwan  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of adopting blogging upon Chinese language composition instruction in a vocational high school in Taiwan. The researchers developed a model that utilises blogging in Chinese language composition instruction. Forty randomly selected students from a public vocational high school served as the…

Lou, Shi-Jer; Wu, Shi-Chiao; Shih, Ru-Chu; Tseng, Kuo-Hung

2010-01-01

98

School Mobility and School-Age Children's Social Adjustment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored how nonpromotional school changes, a potentially major event for children, were associated with 3 forms of social maladjustment: isolation/withdrawal, affiliation with maladjusted peers, and aggression toward peers. Given that school mobility frequently co-occurs with family transitions, the moderating role of these transitions was investigated. These issues were examined in 2 longitudinal samples of U.S. (N = 1,364) and Canadian (N = 1,447) elementary school children. Propensity weighted analyses controlling for premobility individual, family, and friends' characteristics indicated that children who experienced both school and family transitions were at risk of either social withdrawal (in the Canadian sample) or affiliation with socially maladjusted peers (in the U.S. sample). These findings suggest the importance of considering both the social consequences of school mobility and the context in which such mobility occurs. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25485607

Dupere, Veronique; Archambault, Isabelle; Leventhal, Tama; Dion, Eric; Anderson, Sara

2014-12-01

99

Children’s Active Commuting to School: Current Knowledge and Future Directions  

OpenAIRE

IntroductionDriven largely by international declines in rates of walking and bicycling to school and the noted health benefits of physical activity for children, research on children’s active commuting to school has expanded rapidly during the past 5 years. We summarize research on predictors and health consequences of active commuting to school and outline and evaluate programs specific to children’s walking and bicycling to school.MethodsLiterature on children’s active commuting to sc...

Kirsten K Davison, Phd; Jessica L Werder, Mph; Catherine T Lawson, Phd

2008-01-01

100

Psychological Development in School-Aged Children  

OpenAIRE

The medical schools nowadays are less concerned with psychological of the children as with their somatic development. Although the former is more important than the latter. To diagnose psychological disturbances and treat them properly, it is inevitable to be familiar with the normal psychology of human. This article gives an overview of the psychological problems of the school-aged children, since this age is one of the most sensitive stages of the life, disturbances of which can cause major...

Nassirian, A.

2000-01-01

101

Morphometry of the corpus callosum in Chinese children: relationship with gender and academic performance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The corpus callosum has been widely studied, but no study has demonstrated whether its size and shape have any relationship with language and calculation performance. To examine the morphometry of the corpus callosum of normal Chinese children and its relationship with gender and academic performance. One hundred primary school children (63 boys, 37 girls; age 6.5-10 years) were randomly selected and the standardized academic performance for each was ascertained. On the mid-sagittal section of a brain MRI, the length, height and total area of the corpus callosum and its thickness at different sites were measured. These were correlated with sex and academic performance. Apart from the normal average dimension of the different parts of the corpus callosum, thickness at the body-splenium junction in the average-to-good performance group was significantly greater than the below-average performance group in Chinese language (P=0.005), English language (P=0.02) and mathematics (P=0.01). The remainder of the callosal thickness showed no significant relationship with academic performance. There was no significant sex difference in the thickness of any part of the corpus callosum. These findings raise the suggestion that language and mathematics proficiency may be related to the morphometry of the fibre connections in the posterior parietal lobes. (orig.)

102

Morphometry of the corpus callosum in Chinese children: relationship with gender and academic performance  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The corpus callosum has been widely studied, but no study has demonstrated whether its size and shape have any relationship with language and calculation performance. To examine the morphometry of the corpus callosum of normal Chinese children and its relationship with gender and academic performance. One hundred primary school children (63 boys, 37 girls; age 6.5-10 years) were randomly selected and the standardized academic performance for each was ascertained. On the mid-sagittal section of a brain MRI, the length, height and total area of the corpus callosum and its thickness at different sites were measured. These were correlated with sex and academic performance. Apart from the normal average dimension of the different parts of the corpus callosum, thickness at the body-splenium junction in the average-to-good performance group was significantly greater than the below-average performance group in Chinese language (P=0.005), English language (P=0.02) and mathematics (P=0.01). The remainder of the callosal thickness showed no significant relationship with academic performance. There was no significant sex difference in the thickness of any part of the corpus callosum. These findings raise the suggestion that language and mathematics proficiency may be related to the morphometry of the fibre connections in the posterior parietal lobes. (orig.)

Ng, Wing Hung Alex; Chan, Yu.Lung [Prince of Wales Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, Shatin, Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Au, Kit Sum Agnes [James Cook University, Department of Psychology, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); Yeung, Ka Wai David; Kwan, Ting Fai; To, Cho Yee

2005-06-01

103

Factor analysis of household factors: are they associated with respiratory conditions in Chinese children?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We explored methods to develop uncorrelated variables for epidemiological analysis models. They were used to examine associations between respiratory health outcomes and multiple household risk factors. We analysed data collected in the Four Chinese Cities Study (FCCS) to examine health effects on prevalence rates of respiratory symptoms and illnesses in 7058 school children living in the four Chinese cities: Lanzhou, Chongqing, Wuhan, and Guangzhou. Five factor variables were derived from 21 original variables: heating coal smoke, cooking coal smoke, socioeconomic status, ventilation, and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and parental asthma. We found that higher exposure to heating coal smoke was associated with higher reporting of cough with phlegm, wheeze, and asthma. Cooking coal smoke was not associated with any of the outcomes. Lower socioeconomic status was associated with lower reporting of persistent cough and bronchitis. Higher household ventilation was associated with lower reporting of persistent cough, persistent phlegm, cough with phlegm, bronchitis, and wheeze. Higher exposure to ETS and the presence of parental asthma were associated with higher reporting of persistent cough, persistent phlegm, cough with phlegm, bronchitis, wheeze, and asthma. Our study suggests that independent respiratory effects of exposure to indoor air pollution, heating coal smoke, and ETS may exist for the studied children.

Qian, Z.M.; Zhang, J.F.; Korn, L.R.; Wei, F.S.; Chapman, R.S. [Penn State University, Hershey, PA (United States). College of Medicine

2004-06-01

104

Children's endowment, schooling, and work in Ethiopia  

OpenAIRE

I investigate the relationship between children's endowment and parental investment using a rich dataset on a cohort of children from Ethiopia, who were surveyed at ages eight, twelve and fifteen. Children's endowment is measured by scores on tests of cognitive skills/ability. A child's enrollment in school, participation in work and work hours are employed as measures of parental investment in human capital. The results provide strong evidence of reinforcing parental investment - higher abil...

Dendir, Seife

2013-01-01

105

Rural School Children Picturing Family Life  

Science.gov (United States)

Rurality is an active agent and central to the lived experiences of children growing up on a farm and attending a farm school. It is a key to their everyday experiences, and influences family life, schooling and their future. Previous studies elsewhere in the world have explored the notion of childhood in rural contexts, but there is a dearth of…

de Lange, Naydene; Olivier, Tilla; Geldenhuys, Johanna; Mitchell, Claudia

2012-01-01

106

Radionuclides in Richland school children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An investigation was initiated on the occurrence of certain gamma-emitting radionuclides, notably 137Cs, in local residents. The objective of this investigation is to verify the presence or absence of Hanford radioactive wastes in Hanford residents as a result of possible ground water and Columbia River contamination. Cesium-137 is the principal radionuclide of interest since it has a long half-life (30 years) and could persist in ground water for some time. Because 137Cs has also occurred in fallout and from nuclear testing, small amounts are expected to occur in people from that source. Measurement of 137Cs in control groups whose drinking water is not derived from ground water which could be contaminated by Hanford wastes or from the Columbia River is therefore necessary. The subjects chosen for these studies are Richland school children, primarily because knowledge of the occurrence of radioactive nuclides in these individuals is highly important and because they will be available for repeated examinations over the years. Preliminary analysis of the data suggests that no unusual results will be found. Only very small amounts of 137Cs were found, in addition to the naturally occurring radionuclide, 40K. (U.S.)

107

Negotiating and Creating Intercultural Relations: Chinese Immigrant Children in New Zealand Early Childhood Education Centres  

Science.gov (United States)

A multiple-case study investigation of the experiences of eight Chinese immigrant children in New Zealand early childhood centres suggested that the immigrant children's learning experiences in their first centre can be understood as a process of negotiating and creating intercultural relations. The children's use of family cultural tools, such as…

Guo, Karen; Dalli, Carmen

2012-01-01

108

A Valuable Experience for Children: The Dim Sum and Chinese Restaurant Project  

OpenAIRE

This article describes the Dim Sum and Chinese Restaurant Project undertaken by 6-year-old kindergarten children in Hong Kong. The article discusses the importance of listening, observing, and documenting children’s actions to meet their needs and interests.

Yuen Lai Ha (Freda)

2010-01-01

109

A Valuable Experience for Children: The Dim Sum and Chinese Restaurant Project  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article describes the Dim Sum and Chinese Restaurant Project undertaken by 6-year-old kindergarten children in Hong Kong. The article discusses the importance of listening, observing, and documenting children’s actions to meet their needs and interests.

Yuen Lai Ha (Freda

2010-01-01

110

Effort-Reward Imbalance at School and Depressive Symptoms in Chinese Adolescents: The Role of Family Socioeconomic Status  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Depression is a major mental health problem during adolescence. This study, using a sample of Chinese adolescents, examined the separate and combined effects of perceived school-related stress and of family socioeconomic status (SES on the prevalence of depressive symptoms. A total of 1774 Chinese students from Grades 7–12 were recruited into our questionnaire survey. School-related stress was measured by the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire-School Version, family SES was assessed by a standardized question, and depressive symptoms were evaluated by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children. Multivariate logistic regression was applied, adjusting for age, gender, grade, smoking, alcohol drinking and physical activity. It was found that high school-related stress and low family SES were associated with elevated odds of depressive symptoms, respectively. The effect of school-related stress was particularly strong in low SES group. In adolescents with both high stress at school and low SES, the odds ratio was 9.18 (95% confidence interval = 6.53–12.89 compared to the reference group (low stress at school and high SES. A significant synergistic interaction effect was observed (synergy index = 2.28, 95% confidence interval = 1.56–3.32. The findings indicated that perceived school-related stress, in terms of effort-reward imbalance, was related to depressive symptoms in this sample of Chinese adolescents. The strong interaction with family SES suggests that health promoting efforts in school settings should be targeted specifically at these socially deprived groups.

Hongxiang Guo

2014-06-01

111

Leprosy among school children in Trivandrum city  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available School surveys followed by contact surveys were done in an urban area to studv the epidemiology of childhood leprosy. In a survey of 10, 112 school children in the urban leprosy zone under the Trivandrum Medical College Hospital. leprosy was detected in 55 (a prevalence of 5 per 1000 school children of these 5 (9% had multibacillary leprosy. Prevalence rate was more in boys than in girls (M:F ratio 1.6:1. More cases were seen in children above 10 years and this preponderance was more in boys. The prevalence of leprosy was more in Government schools than that in private schools. The majority of children had only single lesions which were on exposed parts of the body. Examination of intrafamilial contacts of cases and matched controls revealed leprosy in 20 houses (47% among cases, and in 3 families (5% among controls. Majority of younger children (81% below 10 years of age had source case in the family itself. The father was the most common (58% primary source of infection. Majority of index cases (73% were multibacillary. This study reaffirms the value of school surveys and contact tracing in the detection of leprosy in urban areas.

Wesley Ramani

1990-01-01

112

Eating behaviour patterns in Chinese children aged 12-18 months and association with relative weight - factorial validation of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Eating behaviours have been suggested relating to obesity development. The Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a parent-report measure constructed to assess multiple dimensions of eating behavior for children. This study aimed to test the validity of the Chinese version of Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) in Chinese children aged 12-18 months. We examined factor structure and the reliability of the Chinese version of the CEB...

Cao Ying-Ting; Svensson Viktoria; Marcus Claude; Zhang Jing; Zhang Jian-Duan; Sobko Tanja

2012-01-01

113

The visual magnocellular deficit in Chinese-speaking children with developmental dyslexia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many alphabetic studies have evidenced that individuals with developmental dyslexia (DD have deficits in visual magnocellular(M pathway. However, there are few studies to investigate the M function of Chinese DD. Chinese is a logographic language, and Chinese characters are complicated in structure. Visual skills and orthographic processing abilities are particularly important for efficient reading in Chinese as compared to alphabetic languages. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the visual M function of Chinese DD and whether the M function was associated with orthographic skills. In the present study, 26 dyslexic children (mean age: 10.03 years and 27 age-matched normal children (mean age: 10.37 years took part in a coherent motion detection task and an orthographic awareness test. The results showed that dyslexic children had a significantly higher threshold than age-matched children in coherent motion detection task. Meanwhile, children with DD responded more slowly in orthographic awareness test, although the group difference was marginally significant. The results suggested that Chinese dyslexics had deficits both in visual M pathway processing and orthographic processing. In order to investigate the relationship between M function and orthographic skills, we made a correlation analysis between coherent motion threshold and orthographic awareness by merging performance of dyslexic children and age-matched children. The results revealed that coherent motion thresholds were positively correlated with reaction times in orthographic awareness test, suggesting that better magnocellular function was related to better orthographic processing skills.

Hong-YanBi

2014-07-01

114

The visual magnocellular deficit in Chinese-speaking children with developmental dyslexia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many alphabetic studies have evidenced that individuals with developmental dyslexia (DD) have deficits in visual magnocellular (M) pathway. However, there are few studies to investigate the M function of Chinese DD. Chinese is a logographic language, and Chinese characters are complicated in structure. Visual skills and orthographic processing abilities are particularly important for efficient reading in Chinese as compared to alphabetic languages. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the visual M function of Chinese DD and whether the M function was associated with orthographic skills. In the present study, 26 dyslexic children (mean age: 10.03 years) and 27 age-matched normal children (mean age: 10.37 years) took part in a coherent motion (CM) detection task and an orthographic awareness test. The results showed that dyslexic children had a significantly higher threshold than age-matched children in CM detection task. Meanwhile, children with DD responded more slowly in orthographic awareness test, although the group difference was marginally significant. The results suggested that Chinese dyslexics had deficits both in visual M pathway processing and orthographic processing. In order to investigate the relationship between M function and orthographic skills, we made a correlation analysis between CM threshold and orthographic awareness by merging performance of dyslexic children and age-matched children. The results revealed that CM thresholds were positively correlated with reaction times in orthographic awareness test, suggesting that better M function was related to better orthographic processing skills. PMID:25071661

Qian, Yi; Bi, Hong-Yan

2014-01-01

115

Perception of Early Intervention Family Outcome: Inside Chinese-American Families Having Children with Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

This study seeks to determine whether Chinese-American Families having a child with disabilities experience different needs and expected early intervention family outcomes from families from the mainstream culture. The Researcher used different qualitative research techniques to examine Chinese-American Families who have children with…

Wu, Pei-Fang Rachel

2009-01-01

116

Exploration of Social Cognitive Factors Associated with Physical Activity among Chinese-American Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the social cognitive factors associated with participation in physical activity among Chinese-American youth. Utilizing an observational cross-sectional design, data were collected via a self-administered survey from 84 Chinese-American children ages 6-18. The survey employed items from the Health Behavior Questionnaire and the…

Zhang, Yan; DeBate, Rita DiGioacchino

2006-01-01

117

Corporal Punishment and Physical Maltreatment against Children: A Community Study on Chinese Parents in Hong Kong  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: This study aimed to examine rates and associated factors of parent-to-child corporal punishment and physical maltreatment in Hong Kong Chinese families. Method: Cross-sectional and randomized household interviews were conducted with 1,662 Chinese parents to collect information on demographic characteristics of parents and children,…

Tang, Catherine So-kum

2006-01-01

118

The Education of New Chinese Immigrant Children in Hong Kong: Challenges and Opportunities  

Science.gov (United States)

In describing the current status of the education of new Chinese immigrant children (NCIC) in Hong Kong and to provide data useful for designing new policies, this article highlights the region's rise of new Chinese immigrants and the characteristics of the NCIC. Challenges to improve access to and equity in education in Hong Kong, overall quality…

Zhang, Kaili Chen; Ting, Cynthia Law Man

2011-01-01

119

A tale of two writing systems: double dissociation and metalinguistic transfer between chinese and english word reading among Hong Kong children.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the rate of school-aged Chinese-English language learners at risk for reading difficulties in either Chinese or English only, or both, among second and fifth graders in Hong Kong. In addition, we examined the metalinguistic skills that distinguished those who were poor in reading Chinese from those who were poor in reading English. The prevalence of poor English readers among children identified to be poor in Chinese word recognition across the five participating schools was approximately 42% at Grade 2 and 57% at Grade 5. Across grades, children who were poor readers of both languages tended to have difficulties in phonological and morphological awareness. Poor readers of English only were found to manifest significantly poorer phonological awareness, compared to those who were poor readers of Chinese only; their average tone awareness score was also lower relative to normally developing controls. Apart from indicating possible dissociations between Chinese first language (L1) word reading and English second language (L2) word reading, these findings suggested that the degree to which different metalinguistic skills are important for reading in different writing systems may depend on the linguistic features of the particular writing system. PMID:23784785

Tong, Xiuli; Tong, Xiuhong; McBride-Chang, Catherine

2015-03-01

120

Chinese engineering students' cross-cultural adaptation in graduate school  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores cross-cultural adaptation experience of Chinese engineering students in the U.S. I interact with 10 Chinese doctoral students in engineering from a public research university through in-depth interviews to describe (1) their perceptions of and responses to key challenges they encountered in graduate school, (2) their perspectives on the challenges that stem from cross-cultural differences, and (3) their conceptualization of cross-cultural adaptation in the context of graduate school. My findings reveal that the major challenges participants encounter during graduate school are academic issues related to cultural differences and difficulties of crossing cultural boundaries and integrating into the university community. These challenges include finding motivation for doctoral study, becoming an independent learner, building a close relationship with faculty, interacting and forming relationships with American people, and gaining social recognition and support. The engineering students in this study believe they are less successful in their social integration than they are in accomplishing academic goals, mainly because of their preoccupation with academics, language barriers and cultural differences. The presence of a large Chinese student community on campus has provided a sense of community and social support for these students, but it also contributes to diminishing their willingness and opportunities to interact with people of different cultural backgrounds. Depending on their needs and purposes, they have different insights into the meaning of cross-cultural adaptation and therefore, and choose different paths to establish themselves in a new environment. Overall, they agree that cross-cultural adaptation involves a process of re-establishing themselves in new academic, social, and cultural communities, and adaptation is necessary for their personal and professional advancement in the U.S. They also acknowledge that encountering and adjusting to cross-cultural challenges allow them to grow as a person and develop a new sense of self and identity, and negotiating cultural differences help them gain a deeper understanding of their own and other cultures. These findings offer insights into understanding the interconnections among international students' academic life, socialization, and cross-cultural adaptation.

Jiang, Xinquan

121

Phonetic Awareness: Knowledge of Orthography-Phonology Relationships in the Character Acquisition of Chinese Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigates the development of phonetic awareness, and insight into the structure and function of Chinese characters that give a clue to pronunciation. Participants were 113 Chinese second, fourth, and sixth graders enrolled in a working-class Beijing, China elementary school. Results show that both character familiarity and character regularity…

Shu, Hua; Anderson, Richard C.; Wu, Ningning

2000-01-01

122

Language as Capital, or Language as Identity? Chinese Complementary School Pupils' Perspectives on the Purposes and Benefits of Complementary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Pupils' experiences of complementary education are neglected in the research literature, yet they are highly important in terms of understanding complementary schools and their impact on pupils' educational and social identities. This article explores British-Chinese pupils' discursive constructions of the purposes and benefits of Chinese

Francis, Becky; Archer, Louise; Mau, Ada

2009-01-01

123

Secular Trends of Obesity Prevalence in Urban Chinese Children from 1985 to 2010: Gender Disparity  

OpenAIRE

Based on the data from six Chinese National Surveys on Students Constitution and Health (CNSSCH) from 1985 to 2010, we explored the secular trend in the prevalence of obesity in urban Chinese children over a period of 25 years. The aim of this study was to examine the gender disparities in the prevalence of childhood obesity over time. The standardized prevalence of obesity in Chinese children increased rapidly during the past 25 years from 0.2% in 1985 to 8.1% in 2010. The increasing trend w...

Song, Yi; Wang, Hai-jun; Ma, Jun; Wang, Zhiqiang

2013-01-01

124

Understanding the school 'climate': secondary school children and climate change  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This interdisciplinary study analyzes the production, circulation and reception of messages on climate change in secondary schools in France. The objective is to understand how political and educational policy initiatives influence the ways in which schools contribute to creating youngsters' perceptions and opinions about climate change. In order to study the conditions of production and reception of information about climate change, a survey was conducted in four French secondary schools, in the 'Bas Rhin' and 'Nord' departments, and local political actors in each department were interviewed. The cross disciplinary analytical and methodological approach uses the tools of sociological inquiry, information science, and political science: questionnaires and interviews were conducted with members of the educational and governmental communities of each school and department, semiotic and discursive analyses of corpuses of documents were carried out, in order to characterize documents used by students and teachers at school or in more informal contexts; the nature and extent of the relations between the political contexts and school directives and programs were also discussed. This interdisciplinary approach, combining sociological, communicational, and political methods, was chosen in response to the hypothesis that three types of variables (social, communicational and political) contribute to the structuring and production of messages about climate change in schools. This report offers a contextualized overview of activities developed within the four secondary schools to help sensitize children to the risks associated with climate change. A study of the networks of individuals (teachers, staff, members of associations, etc.) created in and around the school environment is presented. The degree of involvement of these actors in climate change programs is analyzed, as it is related to their motives and objectives, to the school discipline taught, and to the position held in the school under study. A critical description of the nature and content of communicated messages, activities and projects follows. Individual and collective initiatives which foster an interdisciplinary approach to climate change education are identified, as are the various obstacles to this approach, including organizational obstacles and the longstanding traditions of the French educational system which tend to hinder pedagogical innovation. Lastly, the reception of these projects and activities by school children in the second year of secondary school is analyzed. The results of this analysis are somewhat, but not always, encouraging. School children interviewed do not clearly understand the scientific phenomena surrounding climate change, and have difficulty considering this issue within its wider socio-political context. School children's interest in climate change and environmental science is largely dependent upon a perceived link with their own centers of interest or hobbies. School children express nonetheless the need for more and better adult mediation on the question of climate change, even though they see environmentally conscious behavior as contrary to the modern lifestyle of comfort that society offers them. Certain school projects and activities which had a particular impact on school children are discussed, in order to suggest criteria for evaluating the effectiveness (or non-effectiveness) of climate change projects in school. This study can be considered to be a tool for reflection and for the evaluation of the potential impact of climate change programs and messages produced for youngsters in school today

125

Do You See What I See? School Perspectives of Deaf Children, Hearing Children, and Their Parents  

OpenAIRE

Perspectives on academic and social aspects of children's school experiences were obtained from deaf and hearing children and their (deaf or hearing) parents. Possible differences between (1) the views of children and their parents and (2) those of hearing children and their parents compared to deaf children and their parents were of particular interest. Overall, parents gave their children higher school friendship ratings than the children gave themselves, and hearing children and their pare...

Marschark, Marc; Bull, Rebecca; Sapere, Patricia; Nordmann, Emily; Skene, Wendy; Lukomski, Jennifer; Lumsden, Sarah

2012-01-01

126

Made in France? Chinese Student Return Migration from French Business Schools  

OpenAIRE

Chinese migration to France is not a new phenomenon; however, France has seen rapid growth of migration from China in the past decade. Among the increasingly diverse migratory flow, a prominent group is Chinese students. As in many European countries, more and more Chinese students are now studying in France, at universities, grandes écoles and language schools etc… There is limited research focusing on this group of migrants. Therefore, this paper will analyse the circular migration of Ch...

Shen, Wei

2008-01-01

127

A Review of School Reintegration Programs for Children with Cancer.  

Science.gov (United States)

Descriptive articles on school reintegration programs for children with cancer are reviewed to synthesize the information of best practices for program development. Suggestions are given for school psychologists working with chronically ill children. (Author/JDM)

Prevatt, Frances F.; Heffer, Robert W.; Lowe, Patricia A.

2000-01-01

128

Validation of the Chinese Handwriting Analysis System (CHAS) for primary school students in Hong Kong.  

Science.gov (United States)

There are more children diagnosed with specific learning difficulties in recent years as people are more aware of these conditions. Diagnostic tool has been validated to screen out this condition from the population (SpLD test for Hong Kong children). However, for specific assessment on handwriting problem, there seems a lack of standardized and objective evaluation tool to look into the problems. The objective of this study was to validate the Chinese Handwriting Analysis System (CHAS), which is designed to measure both the process and production of handwriting. The construct validity, convergent validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability of CHAS was analyzed using the data from 734 grade 1-6 students from 6 primary schools in Hong Kong. Principal Component Analysis revealed that measurements of CHAS loaded into 4 components which accounted for 77.73% of the variance. The correlation between the handwriting accuracy obtained from HAS and eyeballing was r=.73. Cronbach's alpha of all measurement items was .65. Except SD of writing time per character, all the measurement items regarding handwriting speed, handwriting accuracy and pen pressure showed good to excellent test-retest reliability (r=.72-.96), while measurement on the numbers of characters which exceeded grid showed moderate reliability (r=.48). Although there are still ergonomic, biomechanical or unspecified aspects which may not be determined by the system, the CHAS can definitely assist therapists in identifying primary school students with handwriting problems and implement interventions accordingly. PMID:23816625

Li-Tsang, Cecilia W P; Wong, Agnes S K; Leung, Howard W H; Cheng, Joyce S; Chiu, Billy H W; Tse, Linda F L; Chung, Raymond C K

2013-09-01

129

PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN'S SUCCESS IN LEARNING BASIC SWIMMING ELEMENTS  

OpenAIRE

In the diploma work titled Pre-school Children's Success in Learning Basic Swimming Elements we were assessing the knowledge of swimming of pre-school children within one week's course. Our goals were to examine closely the success of learning basic swimming elements, the impact of children's gender on learning to swim and the knowledge of swimming of pre-school children. We assessed children at the beginning and at the end of the swimming course. In the assessment chart there were ...

Kunc?ic?, Iris

2012-01-01

130

Understanding Teachers' Professional Identity and Beliefs in the Chinese Heritage Language School in the USA  

Science.gov (United States)

Heritage language education has come to prominence worldwide. Despite the increasing number of Chinese heritage language learners and Chinese schools in the USA, little attention has been given to teachers. This study investigated three heritage language teachers' professional identity and beliefs about curriculum and instructional practices in a…

Wu, Hsu-Pai; Palmer, Deborah K.; Field, Sherry L.

2011-01-01

131

Learning Chinese Characters via Mobile Technology in a Primary School Classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a project, including the design, development, and use of a mobile application (referred to as application hereafter) for learning Chinese as a second language in a bilingual primary school. The application was designed for iPod Touch Apple technology with the purpose to facilitate learning of a fundamental set of 200 Chinese

Lu, Jie; Meng, Sue; Tam, Vincent

2014-01-01

132

The Dynamic Role of Cultural Capital in the Competitive School Admission Process: A Chinese Experience  

Science.gov (United States)

School choice in China is a parent-initiated bottom-up movement characterised by the payment of a substantial "choice fee" to the desired school, and parents' positional competition through the use of cultural, social and economic capital, before and during the school choice process. This study demonstrates that Chinese middle class parents'…

Wu, Xiaoxin

2012-01-01

133

The Use of Help-Seeking by Chinese Secondary School Students: Challenging the Myth of "the Chinese Learner"  

Science.gov (United States)

This article aims to investigate reasons underpinning academic help-seeking behaviours of Chinese students in Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. Data were collected from 23,563 secondary students. The study found significant differences both in attitudes and reported behaviour among secondary school students from the three locations, however, the effect…

Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching; Kennedy, Kerry John; Moore, Phillip John; Shan, Peter Wen-jing; Leung, Shing On

2008-01-01

134

Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse in China: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Communication Practices of Parents of Elementary School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Active involvement by parents may contribute substantially to the success of school-based programs to prevent child sexual abuse (CSA). In China, little is known about parental understanding of CSA. This study investigated Chinese parents' knowledge, attitudes, and communication practices with their children about CSA. Method: Six…

Chen, JingQi; Dunne, Michael P.; Han, Ping

2007-01-01

135

Study the left prefrontal cortex activity of Chinese children with dyslexia in phonological processing by NIRS  

Science.gov (United States)

Developmental dyslexia, a kind of prevalent psychological disease, represents that dyslexic children have unexpected difficulties in phonological processing and recognition test of Chinese characters. Some functional imaging technologies, such as fMRI and PET, have been used to study the brain activities of the children with dyslexia whose first language is English. In this paper, a portable, 16-channel, continuous-wave (CW) NIRS instrument was used to monitor the concentration changes of each hemoglobin species when Chinese children did the task of phonological processing and recognition test. The NIRS recorded the hemodynamic changes in the left prefrontal cortex of the children. 20 dyslexia-reading children (10~12 years old) and 20 normal-reading children took part in the phonological processing of Chinese characters including the phonological awareness section and the phonological decoding section. During the phonological awareness section, the changed concentration of deoxy-hemoglobin in dyslexia-reading children were significantly higher (p<0.05) than normal-reading children in the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC). While in the phonological decoding section, both normal and dyslexic reading children had more activity in the left VLPFC, but only normal-reading children had activity in the left middorsal prefrontal cortex. In conclusion, both dyslexic and normal-reading children have activity in the left prefrontal cortex, but the degree and the areas of the prefrontal cortex activity are different between them when they did phonological processing.

Zhang, Zhili; Li, Ting; Zheng, Yi; Luo, Qingming; Song, Ranran; Gong, Hui

2006-02-01

136

Correlates of the Reading Interest of Chinese High School Students in International Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Reading builds and shapes a man’s life as part of the society he chooses to belong. It is an essential tool for learning especially for young students who should possess a level of interest in reading to enable them to understand and appreciate materials and tools for learning.The study underscores the significance of reading interest in one’s learning process and analyzes the different correlates that affect it and their extent. It brings to fore important features of independent and variable factors that function as correlates. To do this, a survey was conducted of a group of Chinese third year high school students in an international school in Makati City, Philippines. On the independent factor, which is the personal profile of the respondents, the study involved more males than females. They are young and come from average income families. They belong to the average and high average students in their English classes. Majority prefer to join groups than be alone. On the variables, which are the external factors, the data showed that parents and teachers influence them to a very great extent while classmates and friends affect them only to a great extent. Majority expressed that their home environment is generally conducive and reading materials are available. In presenting its findings, the study finally attempts to show how they apply to our subject -- the Chinese high school students in international schools in general.

Wenji Dai

2013-04-01

137

Stresses and Coping Strategies of Chinese Families with Children with Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

Data from 368 families of children with autism and other developmental disabilities in the People's Republic of China were gathered to understand the stresses that families experience and the coping strategies they employ. Chinese families of children with developmental disabilities perceived high levels of stress related to pessimism, child…

Wang, Peishi; Michaels, Craig A.; Day, Matthew S.

2011-01-01

138

Intensity Classification Accuracy of Accelerometer-Measured Physical Activities in Chinese Children and Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: Many ActiGraph accelerometer cutoff points and equations have been developed to classify children and youth's physical activity (PA) into different intensity levels. Using a sample from the Chinese City Children and Youth Physical Activity Study, this study was to develop new ActiGraph cutoff points for moderate-to-vigorous physical…

Zhu, Zheng; Chen, Peijie; Zhuang, Jie

2013-01-01

139

Validation of a Questionnaire to Measure Mastery Motivation among Chinese Preschool Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to validate a questionnaire on mastery motivation (task and effort) for use with Chinese preschool children in Hong Kong. A parent version and a teacher version were developed and evaluated. Participants included 457 children (230 boys and 227 girls) aged four and five years old, their preschool teachers and their…

Leung, Cynthia; Lo, S. K.

2013-01-01

140

Early Predictors of Dyslexia in Chinese Children: Familial History of Dyslexia, Language Delay, and Cognitive Profiles  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: This work tested the rates at which Chinese children with either language delay or familial history of dyslexia at age 5 manifested dyslexia at age 7, identified which cognitive skills at age 5 best distinguished children with and without dyslexia at age 7, and examined how these early abilities predicted subsequent literacy skills.…

McBride-Chang, Catherine; Lam, Fanny; Lam, Catherine; Chan, Becky; Fong, Cathy Y. C.; Wong, Terry T. Y.; Wong, Simpson W. L.

2011-01-01

141

Are Chinese and German Children Taxonomic, Thematic, or Shape Biased? Influence of Classifiers and Cultural Contexts  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores the effect of classifiers on young children's conceptual structures. For this purpose we studied Mandarin Chinese- and German-speaking 3- and 5-year-olds on non-lexical classification, novel-noun label extension, and inductive inference of novel properties. Some effect of the classifier system was found in Chinese children, but this effect was observed only in a non-lexical categorization task. In the label extension and property generalization tasks, children of the two language groups show strikingly similar behavior. The implications of the results for theories of the relation between language and thought as well as cultural influence on thought are discussed. PMID:21833253

Imai, Mutsumi; Saalbach, Henrik; Stern, Elsbeth

2010-01-01

142

Children's Sleep and School Psychology Practice  

Science.gov (United States)

Much contemporary research has demonstrated the multiple ways that sleep is important for child and adolescent development. This article reviews that research with an emphasis on how sleep parameters are related to school adjustment and achievement. Five areas of sleep research are reviewed to discern implications for practice with children using…

Buckhalt, Joseph A.; Wolfson, Amy R.; El-Sheikh, Mona

2009-01-01

143

SUCCES AT SCHOOL IN VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research included 200 visually impaired children of primary school during the period from 1992 to 1996. By means of adequate instruments we have tested the relation between the success at school of partially seeing children and hyperkinetic behavior, active and passive vocabulary richness, visuo-motoric coordination and the maturity of handwriting. Besides the already known factors (intellectual level, specific learning disturbances, emotional and neurotic disturbances, cultural deprivation, the success in class depends very much on the intensity of hyperkinetic behavior as well as its features: unstable attention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Visual-motor coordination eye-hand and the maturity of handwriting have a strong influence on their success at school.

Stanika DIKIC

1998-04-01

144

Whole body measurements in Bavarian school children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

On behalf of the Bavarian State Ministry for State Development and Environmental Affairs measurements were conducted using the whole body counters at the Institute for Radiation Hygiene (of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection), and the Institute for Radiation Biology (of the GSF Research Centre for Environment and Health). Between September 1988 and July 1990 about 1600 school children from all over Bavaria were investigated for incorporated radiocesium. The aim of these measurements was to evaluate the whole body activity due to regionally differing soil contaminations in Bavaria following the accident in the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl and to assess the effective dose from an intake of radionuclides for the pupils by comparing the results of their WBC measurements with those of reference groups of children which underwent WBC examinations at regular intervals at both institutes since the middle of the year 1986. The results of the WBC measurements of those pupils who had not eaten mushrooms in the days before the measurement are in good agreement with the results of comparative measurements in children living in the regions of Munich and Frankfurt-am-Main. Based on these results an effective dose of 0,2 mSv for the Munich region children and of 0,1 mSv for Nothern Bavarian children can be derived. For children living in the highest contaminated region of Bavaria, i.e. the counties adjacent to the Alps, no comparable reference group results are available, but the amount of incorporated radiocesium is only twice that for pupils in the Munich region. The mean value for the specific activity of radiocesium in South Bavarian school children who consumed mushrooms was found to be twice the value of pupils who did not. This is also true for that group of children whose parents had bought allegedly low contaminated foodstuffs. Other effecs of nutrition habits on the specific whole body activity could not be found. (orig.)

145

Memory performance in Brazilian school-age children  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of the present study was to investigate different memory systems among children of different school ages. Ninety children who attend schools within the Rio de Janeiro municipality school system, ages 6 to 10 years, were studied. The study excluded children with learning disabilities. All children underwent a neuropsychological evaluation. A two-way analysis of variance revealed significant gender differences in the free delay episodic memory. Age differences were found for the fre...

Luciana Brooking; Emmy Uehara; Helenice Charchat-Fichman; Landeira-fernandez, J.

2012-01-01

146

Single nucleotide polymorphisms predisposing to asthma in children of Mauritian Indian and Chinese Han ethnicity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Our objective was to investigate the distributions of six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) MS4A2 E237G, MS4A2 C-109T, ADRB2 R16G, IL4RA I75V, IL4 C-590T, and IL13 C1923T in Mauritian Indian and Chinese Han children with asthma. This case-control association study enrolled 382 unrelated Mauriti [...] an Indian children, 193 with asthma and 189 healthy controls, and 384 unrelated Chinese Han children, 192 with asthma and 192 healthy controls. The SNP loci were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism for the Chinese Han samples and TaqMan real-time quantitative PCR for the Mauritian Indian samples. In the Mauritian Indian children, there was a significant difference in the distribution of IL13 C1923T between the asthma and control groups (P=0.033). The frequency of IL13 C1923T T/T in the Mauritian Indian asthma group was significantly higher than in the control group [odds ratio (OR)=2.119, 95% confidence interval=1.048-4.285]. The Chinese Han children with asthma had significantly higher frequencies of MS4A2 C-109T T/T (OR=1.961, P=0.001) and ADRB2 R16G A/A (OR=2.575, P=0.000) than the control group. The IL13 C1923T locus predisposed to asthma in Mauritian Indian children, which represents an ethnic difference from the Chinese Han population. The MS4A2 C-109T T/T and ADRB2 R16G A/A genotypes were associated with asthma in the Chinese Han children.

K., Ramphul; J., Lv; L., Hua; Q.H., Liu; D.Z., Fang; R.X., Ji; Y.X., Bao.

2014-05-02

147

Study on the Infrared Fingerprints of Three Kinds of Chinese Patent Medicines for Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The consistency of the infrared spectrograms of thirty samples of each kind of Chinese Patent Medicines for Children was investigated by cluster analysis. The results show that the infrared spectrograms of thirty samples of Xiao’er Biyan Pian, Xiao’er Qingfeizhike Pian and Xiao’er Qingganling Pian were in good agreement, respectively. The infrared fingerprints of three kinds of Chinese Patent Medicines were established by average method. The infrared fingerprints of three kinds of Chinese Patent Medicines were compared using the similarity degrees of the characteristic curves. The results indicate that the significant difference was observed between two kinds of Chinese Patent Medicines and the infrared fingerprints can be used to the quality identification of Chinese Patent Medicines.

Lili Yang

2011-12-01

148

Discrepancies in racial designations of school children in Minneapolis.  

OpenAIRE

To determine the frequency of inaccuracies in racial designations of school children in a health survey, racial designations were examined for a sample of 1,509 children in Minneapolis public schools who participated in the first home interview of the Minneapolis Children's Blood Pressure Study. The data were obtained from three sources: the school enrollment data based on parentally supplied information and teachers' visual judgments, school survey interviewers participating in a research pr...

Gillum, R. F.; Gomez-marin, O.; Prineas, R. J.

1988-01-01

149

Understanding the Culture of Chinese Children and Families  

Science.gov (United States)

Providing appropriate health care to a client can be accomplished only in an environment that is sensitive to the cultural values and beliefs of the client. As the population of first-and second-generation Chinese immigrants increases in the United States, the need to develop culturally sensitive health care becomes significant. Chinese immigrants…

Cheung, Ruth; Nelson, Warren; Advincula, Luzelle; Cureton, Virginia Young; Canham, Daryl L.

2005-01-01

150

Longitudinal Predictors of Spelling and Reading Comprehension in Chinese as an L1 and English as an L2 in Hong Kong Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Predictors of age 10 spelling and reading comprehension skills in both Chinese and English from vocabulary knowledge, phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming (RAN), and word reading at age 8 were tested in this longitudinal study of 141 Hong Kong Chinese children learning to read English as a second language. The correlation between…

Li, Tong; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Wong, Anita; Shu, Hua

2012-01-01

151

School performance and school behavior of children affected by AIDS in China  

OpenAIRE

It is generally recognized that the AIDS epidemic will have a negative effect on the orphans’ school education. However, few studies have been carried out to examine the school performance and school behavior of AIDS orphans and vulnerable children (children living with HIV-infected parents). Using both self-report and teacher evaluation data of 1625 children from rural central China, we examined the impact of parental HIV/AIDS on children's school performances (academic marks, educational ...

Tu, Xiaoming; Lv, Yunfei; Li, Xiaoming; Fang, Xiaoyi; Zhao, Guoxiang; Lin, Xiuyun; Hong, Yan; Zhang, Liying; Stanton, Bonita

2009-01-01

152

Teaching Mathematics in Two Languages: A Teaching Dilemma of Malaysian Chinese Primary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses a teaching dilemma faced by mathematics teachers in the Malaysian Chinese primary schools in coping with the latest changes in language policy. In 2003, Malaysia launched a new language policy of teaching mathematics using English as the language of instruction in all schools. However, due to the complex sociocultural demands…

Lim, Chap Sam; Presmeg, Norma

2011-01-01

153

Enteroparasites prevalence among daycare and elementary school children of municipal schools, Rolândia, PR, Brazil  

OpenAIRE

Coproparasitological analyses were performed on 191 daycare children and 434 elementary school children from urban and rural areas in Rolândia, Parana State, Brazil. The overall prevalence of enteroparasites was 15.2 % for daycare children and 52.5% for elementary school children. Risk factors are discussed.

Giraldi Nilson; Vidotto Odilon; Navarro Italmar Teodorico; Garcia João Luis

2001-01-01

154

Birth Order and Maladaptive Behavior in School-Aged Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on Alfred Adler's theories on the effect of birth order on maladaptive behavior in children, this study focused on the relationship between birth order and the referral to counseling of school-aged children with maladaptive disorder. School-aged children (N=217) with academic or behavioral problems, ages 5 to 18, were referred to the staff…

Carmichael, Karla D.

155

Primary School Children Cognitive Processes Development Research  

OpenAIRE

One of the important directions of school psychologist work with children is cognitive area development. Development problem, correction and improvement of learners’ intellect abilities are one of the most important in psychological-pedagogic practice. It is fairly considered that its main way of solution is rational organization of all the educational process. Specially organized game training of thinking can be considered as a suppleme...

Kabylova Almakhan; Kussainova Manshuk

2014-01-01

156

Likeable children, uneasy children: Growing up Muslim in small-town Danish schools  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Drawing on fieldwork in small-town schools with children of Muslim background whose families came to Denmark as United Nation refugees, the chapter explores how pedagogical ideologies of school-based peer sociability inflect children’s experiences of ‘being Muslim.’ Danish provincial schools, with their permanent classes, emphasis on class-based sociability, and particular understandings of what constitutes religion, represent a particular context for children’s school experiences. An analysis of two contrasting cases reveals that participation in peer sociability in and beyond school tends to erase a child’s personal religiosity, whereas not participating conjures up images of really religious families.

Anderson, Sally Dean

2014-01-01

157

Age estimation in northern Chinese children by measurement of open apices in tooth roots.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of Cameriere's methods on dental age estimation in the northern Chinese population. A sample of orthopantomographs of 785 healthy children (397 girls and 388 boys) aged between 5 and 15 years was collected. The seven left permanent mandibular teeth were evaluated with Cameriere's method. The sample was split into a training set to develop a Chinese-specific prediction formula and a test set to validate this novel developed formula. Following the training dataset study, the variables gender (g), x 3 (canine teeth), x 4 (first premolar), x 7 (second molar), N 0, and the first-order interaction between s and N 0 contributed significantly to the fit, yielding the following linear regression formula: Age = 10.202 + 0.826 g?-?4.068x 3?-?1.536x 4?-?1.959x 7 + 0.536 N 0?-?0.219 s?[Symbol: see text]?N 0, where g is a variable, 1 for boys and 0 for girls. The equation explained 91.2 % (R (2)?=?0.912) of the total deviance. By analyzing the test dataset, the accuracy of the European formula and Chinese formula was determined by the difference between the estimated dental age (DA) and chronological age (CA). The European formula verified on the collected Chinese children underestimated chronological age with a mean difference of around -0.23 year, while the Chinese formula underestimated the chronological age with a mean difference of -0.04 year. Significant differences in mean differences in years (DA?-?CA) and absolute difference (AD) between the Chinese-specific prediction formula and Cameriere's European formula were observed. In conclusion, a Chinese-specific prediction formula based on a large Chinese reference sample could ameliorate the age prediction accuracy in the age group of children. PMID:25030187

Guo, Yu-Cheng; Yan, Chun-Xia; Lin, Xing-Wei; Zhou, Hong; Li, Ju-Ping; Pan, Feng; Zhang, Zhi-Yong; Wei, Lai; Tang, Zheng; Chen, Teng

2015-01-01

158

Children's Strategies for Making Friends when Starting School  

Science.gov (United States)

Starting school is a critical and potentially stressful time for many young children, and having supportive relationships with parents, teachers and peers and friends offer better outcomes for school adjustment and social relationships. This paper explores matters of friendship when young children are starting school, and how they initiate…

Danby, Susan; Thompson, Catherine; Theobald, Maryanne; Thorpe, Karen

2012-01-01

159

Children Facing School: Sally Brown and Peppermint Patty.  

Science.gov (United States)

Analyzes the comic strip "Peanuts" characters Sally Brown and Peppermint Patty as they illustrate children's difficulties in school and their emotional responses to school. Explores how Sally illustrates the conflict between the creative impulses of childhood with school demands, while Patty illustrates the extent to which many children can be…

Crain, William

1999-01-01

160

School Readiness for Gifted Children: Considering the Issues  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses issues relevant to gifted children's readiness for school. It raises a number of questions that challenge thinking about what is meant by school readiness. Gifted children can often be ready for school entrance before the age traditionally considered appropriate. Their complex developmental profiles challenge accepted notions…

Porath, Marion

2011-01-01

161

The School Adjustment of Post-Meningitic Children. Final Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

To study the school adjustment of children known to have had prolonged high fevers, 25 elementary school students who had had acute bacterial meningitis were matched by age, sex, and socioeconomic levels with peers from their same classroom. The nature and extent of school problems and educational handicaps of the post-meningitic children examined…

Pate, John E.

162

Reducing children's exposure to school bus diesel exhaust in one school district in North Carolina.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children who are exposed to diesel exhaust from idling school buses are at increased risk of asthma exacerbation, decreased lung function, immunologic reactions, leukemia, and increased susceptibility to infections. Policies and initiatives that aim to protect school children from the harmful effects of exposure to diesel exhaust range from general environmental air quality standards to more specific legislation that targets diesel exhaust near school children. School nurse standards of practice specify that school nurses should attain current knowledge of environmental health concepts, implement environmental health strategies, and advocate for environmental health principles. This article provides a description of the professional responsibilities of school nurses in protecting children from harmful environmental exposures, provides an overview of legislative initiatives intended to protect school children from diesel exhaust exposure, and summarizes one school district's effort to reduce diesel exhaust exposure among school children. PMID:23850988

Mazer, Mary E; Vann, Julie C Jacobson; Lamanna, Beth F; Davison, Jean

2014-04-01

163

Visual profile of children with handwriting difficulties in Hong Kong Chinese.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to find out the visual profiles of children with handwriting difficulties (HWD) in Hong Kong Chinese. Forty-nine children with HWD (mean age 8.4 ± 1.1 years) and 27 controls (mean age 7.7 ± 0.7 years) were recruited. All subjects received eye examination and vision assessment included ocular health, refraction, accommodative functions, binocularity, visual perception (by Gardner reversal frequency test: recognition subtest; Test of visual perceptual skills (non-motor)-revised) and motor skills (by The Beery-Buktenica developmental test of visual motor integration; Detroit test of motor speed and precision). Higher percentages of tropia and phoria (of magnitude >6 prism dioptres) were found in children with HWD of 6.1% and 14.3% respectively. After adjusted for the effect of age, children with HWD showed significantly worse accommodative facility, directionality, visual discrimination, visual spatial relation, visual form constancy, visual sequential memory, visual figure ground, visual closure and visual motor integration. Studies reported the visual functions of children with HWD were mostly concerned with alphabetic languages, while studies concerning Chinese HWD were relatively less. This study provided the visual profiles of children with Chinese HWD. Based on the visual profile, further study is indicated to investigate the effect of optometric interventions on the assessment and remediation for children with HWD. PMID:24176256

Leung, Mabel M P; Lam, Carly S Y; Lam, Sutie S T; Pao, Natalie W Y; Li-Tsang, Cecilia W P

2014-01-01

164

Case study of a Finnish training program for Chinese school principals  

OpenAIRE

Quality leadership training has a positive effect on school leaders. Although there is an increased interest in overseas training for educational leaders in China, little is known about the leadership practices and professional development of school leaders. This study explored Chinese school principals’ perceptions of leadership practices and professional development after undertaking a Finnish training program in October 2011. The data were collected by semi-structured interviews from six...

Xing, Xin

2013-01-01

165

Magnitude and determinants of refractive error in Omani school children.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

The study enabled to understand trends of refractive error in Omani children (Arabic tribe and demonstrated the importance of vision screening in providing timely eye care and identifying visually disabled school children.

Rajiv B. Khandekar

2004-10-01

166

INDIVIDUAL TYPICAL FEATURES OF MICROCIRCULATION OF PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN  

OpenAIRE

This work addresses the question of primary school age children`s blood microcirculation in dependence on their individual typical features. We examined some 120 healthy children of 6-9 years, which were the students of secondary schools of the city of Melitopol. Anthropometric survey was conducted by the standard measurement scheme of longitudinal chest and weight parameters of the bodies of children. Diagnosis of body type (somatotype) was conducted by the method of M. Chernorutskiy. Accord...

Anosov I. P.; Tumoshenko O. V.; Zolotuhin O. A.; Medved V. E.; Slepkan A. A.; Meleshko E. D.

2013-01-01

167

Children’s Active Commuting to School: Current Knowledge and Future Directions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available IntroductionDriven largely by international declines in rates of walking and bicycling to school and the noted health benefits of physical activity for children, research on children’s active commuting to school has expanded rapidly during the past 5 years. We summarize research on predictors and health consequences of active commuting to school and outline and evaluate programs specific to children’s walking and bicycling to school.MethodsLiterature on children’s active commuting to school published before June 2007 was compiled by searching PubMed, PsycINFO, and the National Transportation Library databases; conducting Internet searches on program-based activities; and reviewing relevant transportation journals published during the last 4 years. ResultsChildren who walk or bicycle to school have higher daily levels of physical activity and better cardiovascular fitness than do children who do not actively commute to school. A wide range of predictors of children’s active commuting behaviors was identified, including demographic factors, individual and family factors, school factors (including the immediate area surrounding schools, and social and physical environmental factors. Safe Routes to School and the Walking School Bus are 2 public health efforts that promote walking and bicycling to school. Although evaluations of these programs are limited, evidence exists that these activities are viewed positively by key stakeholders and have positive effects on children’s active commuting to school.ConclusionFuture efforts to promote walking and bicycling to school will be facilitated by building on current research, combining the strengths of scientific rigor with the predesign and postdesign provided by intervention activities, and disseminating results broadly and rapidly.

Kirsten K. Davison, PhD

2008-07-01

168

Children and Adolescents with HIV Disease: Implications for School Counselors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes policies and procedures initiated in the school environment concerning students with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Discusses interventions for school personnel, parents, and students. Assessment and counseling children and adolescents with HIV are also discussed. (MKA)

Cobia, Debra C.; Carney, Jamie S.; Waggoner, Irene M.

1998-01-01

169

ICT and participation in school and outside school activities for children and youths with physical disabilities  

OpenAIRE

The general aim was to investigate the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and participation in computer activities in school and outside school among children and youth with physical disabilities (age 8-19 years), in comparison to children and youth in general. In particular the aim was to gain knowledge about the use of and satisfaction with computer-based assistive technology devices (ATDs) in school and outside school among children with physical disabilities. Study I...

Lidstro?m, Helene

2011-01-01

170

Gender-Related and Grade-Related Differences in Writing Topics in Chinese and Canadian Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined Canadian and Chinese first, fourth, and seventh graders to determine sex-related, culture-related, and age-related differences in writing topics. Children were asked to pretend they were animals and write stories about the animals' adventures. Both countries showed gender and age differences in choice of animals which reflected…

Harvey, C. Brian; Ollila, Lloyd; Baxter, Kristin; Guo, Song Zheng

1997-01-01

171

Theoretical Factors Affecting Parental Roles in Children's Mathematical Learning in American and Chinese-Born Mothers  

Science.gov (United States)

This introductory qualitative study sought to explain American and Chinese-born mothers' personal beliefs and experiences with mathematics, views of U.S. mathematics curriculum, and how these factors influenced motivation regarding roles played in their children's mathematical learning through expectancy-value and attribution theories. The…

Hunt, Jessica H.; Hu, Bi Ying

2011-01-01

172

The Development of Young Chinese Children's Morphological Awareness: The Role of Semantic Relatedness and Morpheme Type  

Science.gov (United States)

The research reported in this paper investigated the effects of semantic relatedness of words (closely related vs. distantly related) and morpheme type (free morpheme vs. bound morpheme) on young Chinese children's homophone awareness, an aspect of morphological awareness, in two experiments. The first experiment was a cross-sectional study…

Hao, Meiling; Chen, Xi; Dronjic, Vedran; Shu, Hua; Anderson, Richard C.

2013-01-01

173

Bilingual Chinese, Malay and Tamil Children's Language Choices in a Multi-lingual Society.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined language choice for three bilingual families in the context of Singapore's bilingual policy for preschool children. Found that Chinese families prefer English for all activities; Malay families prefer the Malayan language for worship and interaction with family; and Tamil families choose the Tamil language for worship but prefer English…

Saravanan, Vanithamani

1999-01-01

174

Parental myopia, near work, hours of sleep and myopia in Chinese children  

OpenAIRE

Background/Aims: Juvenile myopia is a serious problem in China, the prevalence of which stays at a high level and shows an upward trend. The target of this study was to explore the factors associated with myopia in Chinese children....

Yanhong Gong; Xiulan Zhang; Donghua Tian; Dafang Wang; Gexing Xiao

2014-01-01

175

Dravet syndeome: genetic analysis of SCN1A and PCDH19 mutations for 17 Chinese children  

OpenAIRE

BACKGROUND: For Dravet syndrome (DS), 80% had mutation in SCN1A gene, which encoded a voltagegated sodium channel. Recent study demonstrated that 16% of SCN1A-negative patients had mutations in protocadherin-19 (PCDH19) genes. The present study examined the genetic mutations in Chinese DS children and assessed the relationship betw...

Fung, Cw; Kwong, A.; Wong, Vcn

2012-01-01

176

Bidirectional Longitudinal Relations between Father-Child Relationships and Chinese Children's Social Competence during Early Childhood  

Science.gov (United States)

Using a two-year and three-wave cross-lagged design with a sample of 118 Chinese preschoolers, the present study examined bidirectional longitudinal relations between father-child relationships and children's social competence. The results of structural equation modeling showed bidirectional effects between father-child conflict and social…

Zhang, Xiao

2013-01-01

177

School performance and school behavior of children affected by AIDS in China  

Science.gov (United States)

It is generally recognized that the AIDS epidemic will have a negative effect on the orphans’ school education. However, few studies have been carried out to examine the school performance and school behavior of AIDS orphans and vulnerable children (children living with HIV-infected parents). Using both self-report and teacher evaluation data of 1625 children from rural central China, we examined the impact of parental HIV/AIDS on children's school performances (academic marks, educational expectation, and student leadership) and school behaviors (e.g., aggression, shy/anxious and assertive social skills). Results indicate that AIDS orphans and vulnerable children had disadvantages in school performances in comparison to their peers from the same community who did not experience AIDS-related death and illness in their family (comparison children). AIDS orphans had the lowest academic marks based on the reports of both children and teachers. Educational expectation was significantly lower among AIDS orphans and vulnerable children than comparison children from teacher's perspective. AIDS orphans were significantly more likely to demonstrate aggressive, impulsive and anxious behaviors than non-orphans. Moreover, orphans have more learning difficulties. Vulnerable children were also at a disadvantage on most measures. The data suggest that a greater attention is needed to the school performance and behavior of children affected by AIDS. The findings also indicate that AIDS relief and assistance program for children should go beyond the school attendance and make efforts to improve their school performance and education aspiration. PMID:20107622

Tu, Xiaoming; Lv, Yunfei; Li, Xiaoming; Fang, Xiaoyi; Zhao, Guoxiang; Lin, Xiuyun; Hong, Yan; Zhang, Liying; Stanton, Bonita

2009-01-01

178

Increases in the prevalence of reduced visual acuity and myopia in Chinese children in Guangzhou over the past 20 years  

Science.gov (United States)

Background/aims To estimate the prevalence of myopia based on reduced unaided visual acuity (VA) in Chinese school children over the past 20 years. Methods Guangzhou school health authorities have measured VA on Grade 1–12 students from 1988 to 2007 annually, using a LogMAR tumbling E chart. VA is reported as Snellen categories: normal (VA?6/6), mildly reduced (6/9children in Grade 1 (age 6 years) and about 30% in Grade 12 (age 17 years) had normal unaided VA. By 2007, this dropped to only 60% in Grade 1 and about 10% in Grade 12. Conversely, the prevalence of moderately and severely reduced unaided VA increased from 6.2% in Grade 1 and 62.5% in Grade 12 in 1988 to 14.5% in Grade 1 and 84.11% in Grade 12 in 2007. This rate was unchanged from 2003 to 2007 at both the Grade 1 and Grade 12 levels. Conclusions In Guangzhou, the prevalence of reduced unaided VA has increased markedly in the past 20 years, but has stabilized in the past few years. This increase may result from environmental changes, such as increased schooling intensity and urbanization. PMID:24008929

Xiang, F; He, M; Zeng, Y; Mai, J; Rose, K A; Morgan, I G

2013-01-01

179

Helping children gain asthma control: bundled school-based interventions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Following the success of a community asthma quality improvement initiative to improve outcomes for children with asthma attending Cincinnati Public Schools with school-based health centers (SBHC), several members of the original initiative formed a new asthma improvement collaborative to spread the initiative's improvement work to inner-city children with asthma attending other schools with and without SBHCs. This article describes the collaborative's plan, which features a nurse practitioner using bundled, evidence-based, school-based interventions to improve asthma control for inner-city children in high poverty schools. PMID:23926750

Toole, Kimberly P

2013-01-01

180

Schooling and Poor Children in 19th-Century America.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses nineteenth-century U.S. efforts to educate poor children. Describes educational expansion during the period, which included monitorial charity schools, Sunday schools, and infant schools. Reviews antebellum perspectives on poverty and education. Examines school attendance in 1860 and the relationship between education and social…

Vinovskis, Maris A.

1992-01-01

181

School lunch program for health promotion among children in Japan.  

Science.gov (United States)

In Japan, the present school lunch program has been implemented under the "School Lunch Act" enacted in 1954. The main purpose of the school lunch program is to promote healthy development of the minds and bodies of school children. Later, "The School Lunch Act" was revised in 2008 and its aim was changed to "promoting Shokuiku". As of May 2009, approximately 10 million school children participate in the school lunch program. This program itself is an educational activity. School children are responsible for serving lunch and clearing the dishes. They could also learn proper manners, by having meals together with classmates. Furthermore, understanding of balanced diet and food culture can be enhanced through learning the menu of each meal. Recently, as eating disorders and obesity increase among adults and school children, there is rising concern on development of lifestyle-related diseases. Under this circumstance, the Basic Law on Shokuiku was enacted in 2005. Besides, in order to enhance Shokuiku to school children, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology established the Diet and Nutrition Teacher System in April 2007. It is reported that, in those schools with Diet and Nutrition Teachers, a positive impact has been observed in terms of awareness and interest in diet among teachers and guardians. It is also reported that proportion of children skipping breakfast has decreased, and quality of life has been improved. In this way, the Japanese school lunch program system is essential for fostering healthy mind and bodies for the next generation. PMID:22374573

Tanaka, Nobuko; Miyoshi, Miki

2012-01-01

182

34 CFR 200.62 - Responsibilities for providing services to private school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

...for providing services to private school children. 200.62 Section 200.62 Education...Agencies Participation of Eligible Children in Private Schools § 200.62 Responsibilities...for providing services to private school children. (a) After timely and...

2010-07-01

183

34 CFR 200.64 - Factors for determining equitable participation of private school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

...equitable participation of private school children. 200.64 Section 200.64 Education...Agencies Participation of Eligible Children in Private Schools § 200.64 Factors...equitable participation of private school children. (a) Equal expenditures....

2010-07-01

184

Chinese Children's Character Recognition: Visuo-Orthographic, Phonological Processing and Morphological Skills  

Science.gov (United States)

Tasks tapping visual skills, orthographic knowledge, phonological awareness, speeded naming, morphological awareness and Chinese character recognition were administered to 184 kindergarteners and 273 primary school students from Beijing. Regression analyses indicated that only syllable deletion, morphological construction and speeded number naming…

Li, Hong; Shu, Hua; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Liu, Hongyun; Peng, Hong

2012-01-01

185

Primary School Attendance and Completion among Lower Secondary School Age Children in Uganda  

Science.gov (United States)

At the World Education Forum in Dakar in 2000, governments pledged to achieve education for all by 2015. However, if current enrollment trends continue, the number of out-of-school children could increase from current levels. Greater focus is needed on lower secondary school age (13-16 years) children. These children are not included estimates of…

Moyi, Peter

2013-01-01

186

Elementary school children's science learning from school field trips  

Science.gov (United States)

This research examines the impact of classroom anchoring activities on elementary school students' science learning from a school field trip. Although there is prior research demonstrating that students can learn science from school field trips, most of this research is descriptive in nature and does not examine the conditions that enhance or facilitate such learning. The current study draws upon research in psychology and education to create an intervention that is designed to enhance what students learn from school science field trips. The intervention comprises of a set of "anchoring" activities that include: (1) Orientation to context, (2) Discussion to activate prior knowledge and generate questions, (3) Use of field notebooks during the field trip to record observations and answer questions generated prior to field trip, (4) Post-visit discussion of what was learned. The effects of the intervention are examined by comparing two groups of students: an intervention group which receives anchoring classroom activities related to their field trip and an equivalent control group which visits the same field trip site for the same duration but does not receive any anchoring classroom activities. Learning of target concepts in both groups was compared using objective pre and posttests. Additionally, a subset of students in each group were interviewed to obtain more detailed descriptive data on what children learned through their field trip.

Glick, Marilyn Petty

187

Parasitic infections in finger-sucking school age children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Prevalence of parasites, acquired by the fecal-oral route, was recorded in 80% of primary school children with a finger-sucking habit, which was higher than that in nonfinger-sucking children. About 85% of the children did not wash their hands after defecation. The toilet facility available to the children also affected the infection pattern in finger-sucking children who used pit latrines recording higher prevalence of parasites. PMID:21577176

Idowu, Olufunmilayo Ajoke; Babatunde, Omolayo; Soniran, Temidayo; Adediran, Adekunle

2011-09-01

188

The Development of Children's Ethnic Identity in Immigrant Chinese Families in Canada: The Role of Parenting Practices and Children's Perceptions of Parental Family Obligation Expectations  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents' role in children's ethnic identity development was examined among 95 immigrant Chinese families with young adolescents living in Canada. Children reported their feelings of ethnic identity and perceptions of parental family obligation expectations. Parents reported their family obligation expectations; parents and children reported on…

Su, Tina F.; Costigan, Catherine L.

2009-01-01

189

Communication with Deaf Pre-School Children Using Cochlear Implants.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluated the communicative, social, and emotional development of 22 deaf Swedish pre-school children with cochlear implants over a 2-year period. Video-recordings (every 3 months) and observations of the children in natural interactional settings at home and school as well as interviews with parents and teachers provided the study…

Tvingstedt, A. L.; Preisler, G.; Ahlstrom, M.

190

Level of Depression in Intellectually Gifted Secondary School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present research was to investigate the difference in depression between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children. After a detailed review of literature the following hypothesis was formulated; there would be a significant difference between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children on…

Shahzad, Salman; Begume, Nasreen

2010-01-01

191

Creativity, Emotional Intelligence, and School Performance in Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies have shown that both creativity and emotional intelligence (EI) were related to children school performance. In this study, we investigated the incremental validity of EI over creativity in an elementary school setting. Seventy-three children aged from 9 to 12 years old were recruited to participate in the study. Verbal and…

Hansenne, Michel; Legrand, Jessica

2012-01-01

192

How Can I Help My Children Do Better in School?  

Science.gov (United States)

How can I help my children do better in school? Parents invariably ask this question. Here are 25 clip-out suggestions for parents to help their children and, in the process, become partners in learning with the school. (Author/RK)

Stranix, Edward L.

1978-01-01

193

Middle East Meets West: Comparing Children's Attitudes to School Science  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compares the attitudes of primary children to school science between children from the Northern Ireland (UK) and Oman. Previous research has indicated that pupils in the more senior primary classes showed a marked decline in their enjoyment of school science, although most of this research was carried out in Europe, North America, and…

Murphy, Colette; Ambusaidi, Abdullah; Beggs, Jim

2006-01-01

194

Effort-Reward Imbalance at School and Depressive Symptoms in Chinese Adolescents: The Role of Family Socioeconomic Status  

OpenAIRE

Depression is a major mental health problem during adolescence. This study, using a sample of Chinese adolescents, examined the separate and combined effects of perceived school-related stress and of family socioeconomic status (SES) on the prevalence of depressive symptoms. A total of 1774 Chinese students from Grades 7–12 were recruited into our questionnaire survey. School-related stress was measured by the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire-School Version, family SES was assessed by ...

Hongxiang Guo; Wenjie Yang; Ying Cao; Jian Li,; Johannes Siegrist

2014-01-01

195

Realization of Culture in English Textbooks in Chinese High School Level  

Science.gov (United States)

This study reflects on the presentation of culture in the English textbooks adopted in Chinese high school level. The categorization by Ramirez and Hall (1990) shaped the basis of the textbook analysis. The main objectives of the inquiry were to examine the quality of representation of source, target and other cultures in the ELT textbooks.…

Aliakbari, Mohammad; Jamalvandi, Behrouz

2012-01-01

196

Analysis of a Typical Chinese High School Biology Textbook Using the AAAS Textbook Standards  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate a typical Chinese high school biology textbook using the textbook standards of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). The data were composed of three chapters selected from the textbook. Each chapter was analyzed and rated using the AAAS textbook standards. Pearson correlations…

Liang, Ye; Cobern, William W.

2013-01-01

197

Chinese Immigrant High School Students' Cultural Interactions, Acculturation, Family Obligations, Language Use, and Social Support  

Science.gov (United States)

When immigrant youth come to the United States, they must learn to interact with dominant and cultural groups as part of the adjustment process. The current study investigated whether the association between Chinese immigrant high school students' (N = 286) English fluency, academic and career/college help-seeking, multidimensional acculturation,…

Yeh, Christine J.; Okubo, Yuki; Ma, Pei-Wen Winnie; Shea, Munyi; Ou, Dongshu; Pituc, Stephanie T.

2008-01-01

198

A Parent Education Program for Parents of Chinese American Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs): A Pilot Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of a parent education program on decreasing parenting stress and increasing parental confidence and quality of life in parents of Chinese American children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). A pre-, posttest group design was used in this study. A total of nine families of Chinese American…

Chiang, Hsu-Min

2014-01-01

199

Morphological Structure Processing during Word Recognition and Its Relationship to Character Reading among Third-Grade Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, we explored the characteristics of morphological structure processing during word recognition among third grade Chinese children and its possible relationship with Chinese character reading. By using the modified priming lexical decision paradigm, a significant morphological structure priming effect was found in the subject…

Liu, Duo; McBride-Chang, Catherine

2014-01-01

200

Factors associated with obesity in school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

To investigate factors associated with the development of obesity in school children, the authors undertook a case-control study of 220 obese and 220 non-obese children aged 6 to 18 years from Al Ain, United Arab Emirates between September 1992 to May 1993 inclusive. The inclusion criterion for cases comprised children with body mass (Quetelet index) > 90th percentile of age-sex reference data of the French population. Questionnaires were used to obtain information about socioeconomic status (SES), family history of obesity, related diseases and behavioral factors (smoking, physical activity and preferred diet). Anthropometric measures (weight, height, waist and hip circumferences), systolic and diastolic blood pressure were measured. The waist/hip circumference ratio was used as an index for body fat distribution. The logistic regression analysis showed that family history of obesity, diet, physical activity and mother education were significant factors for development of obesity after adjusting for other confounding covariates. Neither smoking nor SES showed apparent relation to obesity. Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure showed stronger correlation with the fatness index, BMI, than with the fat distribution index, waist/hip ratio. PMID:7920878

Moussa, M A; Skaik, M B; Selwanes, S B; Yaghy, O Y; Bin-Othman, S A

1994-07-01

201

Active transport among Czech school-aged children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Active transport is a very important factor for increasing the level of physical activity in children, which is significant for both their health and positive physical behaviour in adult age. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to establish the proportion of Czech children aged 11 to 15 who select active transport to and from school and, at the same time, describe socio-economic and socio-demographic factors influencing active transport to and from school among children. METHODS: To establish the socio-demographic factors affecting active transport, data of a national representative sample of 11 to 15 year-old elementary school children in the Czech Republic (n = 4,425. Research data collection was performed within an international research study called Health Behaviour in School Aged Children in June 2010. Statistical processing of the results was made using a logistic regression analysis in the statistical programme IBM SPSS v 20. RESULTS: Active transport to and from school is opted for in the Czech Republic by approximately 2/3 of children aged 11 to 15. Differences between genders are not statistically significant; most children opting for active transport are aged 11 (69%. An important factor increasing the probability of active transport as much as 16 times is whether a child's place of residence is in the same municipality as the school. Other factors influencing this choice include BMI, time spent using a computer or a privateroom in a family. A significant factor determining active transport by children is safety; safe road crossing, opportunity to leave a bicycle safely at school, no fear of being assaulted on the way or provision of school lockers where children can leave their items. CONCLUSIONS: Active transport plays an important role in increasing the overall level of physical activity in children. Promotion of active transport should focus on children who spend more time using a computer; attention should also be drawn to safety associated with active transport to and from school.

Jan Pavelka

2012-09-01

202

Self discipline and obesity in Bangkok school children  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Childhood obesity has become an important public health problem in Thailand. This study aimed to determine the relationship between self discipline and obesity in Bangkok school children. Methods A case control study was conducted. 140 cases (obese children) and 140 controls (normal weight children) were randomly chosen from grades 4-6 students in 4 Bangkok public schools. Questionnaire responses regarding general characteristics and child se...

Srisorrachatr Suwat; Temcharoen Paradee; Ratanopas Wasoontara; Sirikulchayanonta Chutima

2011-01-01

203

Personality and Locus of Control among School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The main purpose of this investigation is to find out the sex differences in personality traits and locus of control among school children. A total 60 children (30 boys and 30 girls) were taken as a sample. The research tool for personality, children personality questionnaire was used, which was made by Cattell and Porter. Locus of control was…

Pandya, Archana A.; Jogsan, Yogesh A.

2013-01-01

204

Are schools safer for children than public places?  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE--To investigate the frequency and severity of accidents to children in schools. METHODS--Retrospective analysis of accidents occurring in school over a six month period and resulting in attendance at an accident and emergency department. Comparison was made with accidents occurring in public places, RESULTS--During the study period there were 127 school and 251 public place accidents causing fractures or dislocations requiring hospital treatment in 3-16 year old children; 22.4% (127...

Maitra, A. K.; Sweeney, G.

1996-01-01

205

Significance of Ear Wax Impaction in School Children  

OpenAIRE

Background: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of school children with impacted ear wax.

Patients and methods: The subjects included representative sample of 1344 seven to ten years old school children attending I-IV grade of primary school in community Kalesija, Bosnia and Herzuegowina. Methods were parental interview and otoscopy.

Results: Thr...

Fuad Brkic

2010-01-01

206

Teachers’ Perceptions of Sex Education of Primary School Children  

OpenAIRE

Background and Aim: Sex education of children, a complex issue in any culture, has always been a controversial subject. Schools can play a vital role in imparting sex education to children, particularly in more conservative communities. The objective of this study was to find out primary school teachers beliefs, attitudes, values, and understandings regarding sex education of school pupils. Materials and Methods: In this qualitative study we employed a community-based approach to design the p...

Taghdissi, H.; Merghatikhoei, E.; Abolghasemi, N.

2010-01-01

207

Promoting social-emotional learning in Chinese schools: A feasibility study of PATHS implementation in Hong Kong  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes a pilot study of a reduced version of the PATHS Curriculum, a Usdeveloped evidence-based SEL program, among schools in Hong Kong SAR (China. Three hundred and sixteen 12th grade students in three elementary schools participated in the study. A limited number of first grade PATHS lessons were adapted and translated into Chinese. Twelve teachers learned and adopted these lessons in their teaching. Students in these classrooms learned about different emotions and practiced self-control. The intervention lasted four months. After the intervention, students showed improvement in emotion understanding, emotion regulation and prosocial behavior. No change was observed in the level of children's problem behaviors. Over 65% of the teachers reported a high degree of satisfaction and willingness to adopt the intervention. The effects of the intervention varied among schools, with variations in the level of intervention and principal support, but not in the quality of implementation. Discussion is focused on the factors that could shape the adoption and implementation of SEL programs, especially the role of the difference in school systems between Hong Kong and the United States.

Chi-Ming Kam

2011-04-01

208

Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children  

OpenAIRE

Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a population of 3rd-5th grade students in an urban public school system. Community and school safety were assessed using the School Climate Survey, an annual city...

Aj, Milam; Cdm, Furr-holden; Pj, Leaf

2010-01-01

209

Free Time Motivation and Physical Activity in Middle School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined free time motivation and physical activity in 68 middle school children from a rural public school system (N = 24) and a private school located in the same area of the Midwest (N = 44). Results indicated that free time motivation did not explain variability in physical activity behavior during free time or while students were…

Kozub, Francis M.; Farmer, James

2011-01-01

210

The University of Tulsa School for Gifted Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Tulsa (Oklahoma) School for Gifted Children is a full school program for able learners ages 3-12. The school is the only one in the nation to use a curriculum based on Enaction Theory which postulates that thinking is a matter of running a simulation in one's head and involves three steps: (1) creating a mental model, (2)…

Hollingsworth, Patricia L.

211

Loneliness, Peer Acceptance, and Family Functioning of Chinese Children with Learning Disabilities: Characteristics and Relationships  

Science.gov (United States)

Although children with learning disabilities are often considered to be a heterogeneous group, they are always situated in specific social surroundings such as schools and families with which they interact dynamically in everyday life. Therefore, peer acceptance and family functioning may be related to the loneliness experienced by children with…

Yu, Guoliang; Zhang, Yaming; Yan, Rong

2005-01-01

212

Development of spatial representation of numbers: a study of the SNARC effect in Chinese children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using the standard parity judgment task, this study investigated the development of numerical-spatial representation. Participants were 314 healthy right-handed Chinese children (from kindergarteners to sixth graders) and adults. The results revealed that all age groups showed a significant (or marginally significant in the case of first graders) SNARC (spatial-numerical association of response codes) effect, indicating that Chinese children as young as kindergarteners already had developed automatic spatial representations of numbers (or the mental number line). Surprisingly, however, the size of the SNARC effect did not show much developmental change. These results are discussed in the context of the literature on spatial representations of numbers and on cross-cultural differences in early development of number cognition. PMID:24121228

Yang, Tao; Chen, Chuansheng; Zhou, Xinlin; Xu, Jihong; Dong, Qi; Chen, Chunhui

2014-01-01

213

A Psychological Research on Characters in Middle School Chinese Textbooks in China  

OpenAIRE


This study made a statistical study and analysis of the Chinese textbooks for six-year-system students. The results showed: (1) in terms of nationality, the number of characters of the Han nationality was 4 times as many as that of minority nationalities. 74.3 per cent of the students can’t tell the differences. In comparison, in primary school Chinese textbooks (The People’s Education Press, in 1993)[1], the progress had been made without doubt; (2) in terms o...

Yao, Ben-xian; Dao-yang Wang

2009-01-01

214

Ocular screening tests of elementary school children  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents an analysis of 507 abnormal retinal reflex images taken of Huntsville kindergarten and first grade students. The retinal reflex images were obtained by using an MSFC-developed Generated Retinal Reflex Image System (GRRIS) photorefractor. The system uses a 35 mm camera with a telephoto lens with an electronic flash attachment. Slide images of the eyes were examined for abnormalities. Of a total of 1835 students screened for ocular abnormalities, 507 were found to have abnormal retinal reflexes. The types of ocular abnormalities detected were hyperopia, myopia, astigmatism, esotropia, exotropia, strabismus, and lens obstuctions. The report shows that the use of the photorefractor screening system is an effective low-cost means of screening school children for abnormalities.

Richardson, J.

1983-01-01

215

Teaching receptive naming of Chinese characters to children with autism by incorporating echolalia.  

OpenAIRE

The facilitative effect of incorporating echolalia on teaching receptive naming of Chinese characters to children with autism was assessed. In Experiment 1, echoing the requested character name prior to the receptive naming task facilitated matching a character to its name. In addition, task performance was consistently maintained only when echolalia preceded the receptive manual response. Positive results from generalization tests suggested that learned responses occurred across various nove...

Leung, J. P.; Wu, K. I.

1997-01-01

216

[Role of disabled children's school as regional special education center].  

Science.gov (United States)

The final report of the Collaborative Research Conference on Special Education in the 21th Century pointed out that supportive activities, such as education, welfare, medical care and labor should be strengthened to provide special support for disabled children, and that measures should be taken for school children requiring medical care in daily life, in response to an increasing number of children with severe and multiple disabilities and other social changes. Recent great progress in pediatric medicine has enabled these children to attend schools for the physically handicapped which provide more specialized educational support. At present, support for these children is still insufficient. This symposium discusses these problems as well as future prospects of disabled children's schools. PMID:12755052

Udagawa, Kazuhisa

2003-05-01

217

Parental perceptions, feeding practices, feeding styles, and level of acculturation of Chinese Americans in relation to their school-age child's weight status.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents influence their child's eating behavior and attitudes directly as food providers and indirectly through their parental feeding styles and feeding concerns and practices. Chinese American parents' practices are likely influenced by culture. The objective of this study was to explore the relationships between parental perceptions, feeding practices, feeding styles, level of parental acculturation (LPA), and child weight status via a self-administered questionnaire. This survey study involved a convenience sample of 712 individuals who were parents of 5- to 10-year old children attending Chinese language after-school programs. The prevalence of overweight was 11.5% and obesity was 11.1%. LPA was not directly predictive of child overweight in multiple regression but from categorical data, Chinese American parents tended to use indulgent (33.2%) and authoritarian (27.9%) feeding styles, with the former increasing with acculturation and the latter decreasing. Indulgent parents had more than expected overweight and obese children, and authoritarian and authoritative parents, fewer. LPA was negatively predictive of pressure to eat healthy foods (p?LPA was also independently positively correlated to responsiveness to child needs (p?children having healthy weights and therefore healthy lives. PMID:24816322

Pai, Hsiao-Liang; Contento, Isobel

2014-09-01

218

Cross-sectional study on differences in pain perception and behavioral distress during venipuncture between Italian and Chinese children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Venipuncture is perhaps the scariest aspect of hospitalization for children as it causes pain and high levels of behavioral distress. Pain is a complex experience which is also influenced by social factors such as cultural attitudes, beliefs and traditions. Studies focusing on ethnic/cultural differences in pain perception and behavioral distress show controversial results, in particular with regards to children. The aim of this paper is to evaluate differences in pain perception and behavioral manifestations between Italian and Chinese children undergoing a venipuncture, through a cross-sectional study. Behavioral distress and self-reported pain were measured in Chinese and Italian outpatient children during a standardized blood-drawing procedure, using the Observational Scale of Behavioral Distress (OSBD and pain scales. We observed 332 children: 93 Chinese and 239 Italian. Chinese children scored higher than Italians on pain scales ? mean scores 5.3 (95%CI 4.78-5.81 vs. 3.2 (95%CI 2.86-3.53 ? but lower mean OSBD scores ? mean 4.1 (95%CI 3.04-5.15 vs. 8.1 (95%CI 7.06-9.14. Our data suggest that Chinese children experience higher levels of pain than their Italian peers, although they show more self-control in their behavioral reaction to pain when experiencing venipuncture.

Sofia Bisogni

2014-08-01

219

Chinese Secondary School Science Teachers' Understanding of the Nature of Science--Emerging from Their Views of Nature  

Science.gov (United States)

The findings reported in this paper report on an investigation of Chinese people's understanding of the nature of science in relation to their conceptualisations of Nature. As an exploratory and interpretive study, it uses semi-structured interviews with 25 Chinese secondary school science teachers. The paper first presents these teachers'…

Ma, Hongming

2009-01-01

220

Unintentional injuries among Chinese children with different types and severity of disability  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose Little research has been done in China to study injury in individuals with disability. We investigated impact of type and severity of disability on injury among children with disability in Hubei Province of China. Methods A sample of 1201 children with disability were matched with 1201 healthy children on gender, age, and neighborhood. Disability type and severity were determined using the Chinese national standards. Caregivers were interviewed face-to-face about nonfatal unintentional injuries suffered by the child in the past 12 months prior to the interview. Univariate Chi-square test and logistic regression models were used to investigate association between disability type/severity and nonfatal unintentional injuries. Results Injury rate among children with disability was significantly higher than that among children without disability (10.2% vs. 4.4%; P <.001). Children with multiple disabilities had the highest risk of injury after controlling for confounding variables (OR=4.54; 95% CI=2.82, 7.30; P<.001). The magnitude of the association between disability and injury varied by type and severity of disability. Conclusions The magnitude of the association between the presence or absence of disability in children and their risk of injury was large and significant, regardless of the type or severity of the children's disabilities. PMID:24331162

Zhu, Huiping; Xiang, Huiyun; Xia, Xin; Yang, Xia; Li, Dan; Stallones, Lorann; Du, Yukai

2014-01-01

221

Registered Indian Children's School Success and Intergenerational Effects of Residential Schooling in Canada  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Using the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, this study investigates factors associated with school success (as perceived by parents among off-reserve Registered Indian children aged 6 to 14 in Canada. Holding other factors constant, Registered Indian children were more likely to be doing well at school if they were living in households with high income, were living in adequately maintained dwellings, or spoke an Aboriginal language at home. Boys and older children, on the other hand, were less likely to be doing well at school, as were children who were living in larger households, experienced food insecurity, or had parents who attended residential school. Mediation analyses revealed that the negative intergenerational effect of parental residential schooling on children’s school success was partially attributable to household characteristics or economic status. Indeed, former residential school attendees were found to be more likely to live in households with a lower income, live in larger households, and report that their family had experienced food insecurity. These characteristics were, in turn, found to be negatively associated with children’s school success.

Sacha Senécal

2010-05-01

222

School Reintegration for Children and Adolescents with Cancer: The Role of School Psychologists  

Science.gov (United States)

As a result of advancements in medical expertise and technology, children and adolescents diagnosed with cancer now have opportunities to participate in many typical activities, including school. To some extent, school reintegration reflects positive adjustment to their illness. Nevertheless, children and adolescents with cancer may experience…

Harris, Mekel S.

2009-01-01

223

Typologies of Family Functioning and Children’s Adjustment During the Early School Years  

OpenAIRE

Guided by family systems theory, the present study sought to identify patterns of family functioning from observational assessments of interparental, parent-child, and triadic contexts. In addition, we charted the implications for patterns of family functioning for children’s developmental trajectories of adjustment in the school context across the early school years. Two-hundred and thirty-four kindergarten children (129 girls and 105 boys; mean age of 6.0 years (SD = .50) at Wave 1) and t...

Sturge-apple, Melissa L.; Davies, Patrick T.; Cummings, E. Mark

2010-01-01

224

Nasal nitric oxide levels in healthy pre-school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The evaluation of nasal nitric oxide (nNO) has been proposed as a screening tool in children with clinically suspectable primary ciliary dyskinesia. Nevertheless, normal values have been reported for school-aged children. This study was designed to identify normal nNO levels in pre-school children. nNO was assessed in 300 healthy children aged between 1.5 and 7.2. Two hundred and fifty of them were unable to fulfill the guideline requirements for nNO measurement and were assessed by sampling the nasal air continuously with a constant trans-nasal aspiration flow for 30 s during tidal breathing. For those children who were able to cooperate, the average nNO concentration was calculated according to guidelines. A statistically significant relationship between nNO level and age was demonstrated in this study group of pre-school children (p < 0.001). An increase in nNO of about 100 ppb was observed in children older than 6 yr vs. those aged < 3. This study presents a description of normal nNO values in pre-school children. The effect of the age and the eventual presence of rhinitis and snoring need to be considered whenever nNO is evaluated in the clinical practice, in particular in non-cooperative children. PMID:21073540

Piacentini, G L; Bodini, A; Peroni, D G; Sandri, M; Brunelli, M; Pigozzi, R; Boner, A L

2010-12-01

225

34 CFR 300.131 - Child find for parentally-placed private school children with disabilities.  

Science.gov (United States)

...of parentally-placed private school children; and (2) An accurate...undertaken for the agency's public school children. (d) Cost. ...period comparable to that for students attending public schools in the LEA consistent...

2010-07-01

226

Cellular telephone use among primary school children in Germany  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: There is some concern about potential health risks of cellular telephone use to children. We assessed data on how many children own a cellular telephone and on how often they use it in a population-based sample. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study among children in their fourth elementary school year, with a median-age of 10 years. The study was carried out in Mainz (Germany), a city with about 200,000 inhabitants. The study base comprised all 37 primary schools in Mainz and near surroundings. Altogether, 1933 children from 34 primary schools took part in the survey (participation rate of 87.8%). Results: Roughly a third of all children (n = 671, 34.7%) reported to own a cellular telephone. Overall, 119 (6.2%) children used a cellular telephone for making calls at least once a day, 123 (6.4%) used it several times a week and 876 (45.3%) children used it only once in a while. The remaining 805 (41.6%) children had never used a cellular telephone. The probability of owning a cellular telephone among children was associated with older age, being male, having no siblings, giving full particulars to height and weight, more time spent watching TV and playing computer games, being picked up by their parents from school by car (instead of walking or cycling) and going to bed late. The proportion of cellular telephone owners was somewhat higher in classes with more children from socially disadvantaged families. Conclusions: Our study shows that both ownConclusions: Our study shows that both ownership of a cellular telephone as well as the regular use of it are already quite frequent among children in the fourth grade of primary school. With regard to potential long-term effects, we recommend follow-up studies with children

227

Impedance and Otoscopy Screening of Multiply Handicapped Children in School.  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to examine the effectiveness of impedance and otoscopic screening in the determination of middle ear abnormalities, 79 physically handicapped, mentally retarded school children (mean age 8 years) were examined. (Author/PHR)

Bruns, Janet M.; And Others

1979-01-01

228

Factors Influencing Obesity on School-Aged Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available School-aged children of 6-12 year old in big cities have less physical activities and relax life style. Fast food and soft drink consumed contain high calorie and protein of protein and carbohydrate sources. Obesity has impact on children’s growth and development especially on psychosocial aspect. The factors that play a role in supporting the obesity occurrence in children include socio-economic condition, behavior and life style and diet. A cross sectional descriptive –analytic study was conducted on elementary school students in Jakarta, to identify factors that play roles on obesity of school-aged children. (Med J Indones 2006; 15:43-54Keywords: childhood obesity, weight shape index, body mass index

Soepardi Soedibyo

2006-01-01

229

Aphasia of Chinese Culture in Senior High School English Teaching—Taken a Key Middle School in Kunming as the Example  

OpenAIRE

Studies on aphasia of Chinese culture in college English teaching have been focused for a long time. Yet little attention has been paid to the senior high school English teaching concerning this problem. As a matter of fact, senior high school English teaching plays an essential role in English learning. In order to find out whether aphasia of Chinese culture exists in this stage and dig out the factors, the author has carried out a survey with quantitative and qualitative methodologies in th...

Dimin Luo

2011-01-01

230

EXAMINATION OF TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Television has powerful effects on children. Howewer TV gives positive messages to children it also can cause children to be inactive and prevent their creative play activities. In this study, it was aimed at to determine the television viewing habits of school age children between 6?12 years old. That Cross-sectional type study has been conducted on 100 students who were selected with stratified randomised sampling method according to sex, age and class among 492 students who were taken education from first step of the Ankara-Cigiltepe Primary Education School. Mean age of school age children who were involved in study was 9.1±1.5. It was detemined that 43% of children (n=43 were watching TV more than 3 hours a day, 54% of them were watching TV to relieve their boredom and 48% of them were watching TV because they like watching. When the spare time activities of children were examined it was determined that they were spending their time by playing and making sportive activities with the highest rate (n=95, 26.1%, and television viewing was in the third order (n=61, 17.3%. In this study, it was determined that most of the children were watching TV under the offered time, children whose mother were not working were watching TV for longer time, and TV watching time of the children were increasing with increasing age. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2006; 5(6.000: 391-401

Filiz ARSLAN

2006-12-01

231

An after-school exercise program improves fitness, and body composition in elementary school children  

OpenAIRE

Reduced cardiovascular fitness (CVF) is a risk factor for obesity and cardiovascular disease. It has previously shown that a school-based fitness curriculum can improve CVF, and other health indicators in middle school aged children. Whether an afterschool program improves CVF and other health markers in elementary-school children is unresolved. The objective of this study was therefore to determine whether an on-site afterschool-based fitness program improves body composition, cardiovascular...

Carrel, Aaron L.; Logue, Julie; Deininger, Heidi; Clark, R. Randall; Curtis, Vanessa; Montague, Paul; Baldwin, Sharon

2011-01-01

232

How Insecurity impacts on school attendance and school drop out among urban slum children in Nairobi  

OpenAIRE

This paper discusses how perceptions of personal security can impact on school enrolment and attendance. It mainly focuses on threats of physical harm, crime, and community and domestic violence. These security fears can include insecurity that children suffer from as they go to school, maybe through the use of unsafe routes; insecurity that children feel at school; and the insecurity they suffer from in their homes. Although poverty can be a source and/or an indicator of insecurity, this pap...

Chimaraoke Izugbara; Mudege, Netsayi N.; Zulu, Eliya M.

2008-01-01

233

Physical trauma experience among school children in periurban Blantyre, Malawi  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Physical trauma is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in Africa. There are however, few community-based reports on the subject on the continent. The present study was conducted to explore school children's experience of physical trauma in a disadvantaged periurban area of Blantyre, in Malawi. Methods A cross sectional questionnaire study was carried out among school children in Ndirande-Blantyre, Malawi in 2004. Data were...

Muula Adamson S; Misiri Humphreys E

2009-01-01

234

Smokeless tobacco use among Native American school children.  

OpenAIRE

Seven published and two unpublished surveys of Native American school children's use of smokeless tobacco (ST) are reviewed. The surveys represent school children in the States of South Dakota, Montana, Nebraska, Washington, Arizona, New Mexico, and Alaska. This review describes and discusses the survey methods, prevalence, duration, and intensity of ST use, and ST health effects documented in these studies. Prevalence of regular ST use ranges from 18 percent in kindergartners through 6th gra...

Bruerd, B.

1990-01-01

235

The gender implications of sexual health education needs among Chinese early school leavers  

OpenAIRE

Objective: The following paper examines the sexual health needs of Chinese early school leavers from a gender perspective. The objectives were to shed light on adolescent experience and their understanding of intimate relationships, identify their knowledge of sex education and explore their sexual education needs. Design: A prospective survey design using mixed methods was employed. Subjects: A total of 28 adolescents were purposively recruited on the basis of age and sex from the YMCA in Ho...

Wong, Wcw; Holroyd, Ea; Lee, A.; Wong, Sys; Wong, J.; Leung, Pws

2009-01-01

236

An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

2010-01-01

237

Kinematic Measures of Imitation Fidelity in Primary School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

We sought to develop a method for measuring imitation accuracy objectively in primary school children. Children imitated a model drawing shapes on the same computer-tablet interface they saw used in video clips, allowing kinematics of model and observers' actions to be directly compared. Imitation accuracy was reported as a correlation…

Williams, Justin H. G.; Casey, Jackie M.; Braadbaart, Lieke; Culmer, Peter R.; Mon-Williams, Mark

2014-01-01

238

Too Cool for School?: Gifted Children and Homeschooling  

Science.gov (United States)

Homeschooling can be a last resort for frustrated families where gifted children are not having their complex needs met through mainstream schooling. Unlike many other groups of homeschoolers, parents of highly able children take this option for pragmatic reasons rather than as a kind of moral stance. This article explores some of the ways that…

Winstanley, Carrie

2009-01-01

239

Say the Word Islam: School Counselors and Muslim Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Two Muslim women who hold Ph.D.'s, a clinical and developmental psychologist and a teacher educator speak personally and professionally about important information school counselors need to know about Islam and providing services to Muslim children. First, the authors draw from personal experiences in parenting Muslim children who have come of age…

Saleem, Daa'iyah; Rasheed, Sakinah

2010-01-01

240

Parental Involvement and Children's School Achievement: Evidence for Mediating Processes  

Science.gov (United States)

This study used path analytic techniques and an ecological framework to examine the association between children's perceptions of their parents' educational involvement, children's personal characteristics, and their school achievement. Fathers' academic pressure was predictive of lower achievement, whereas mothers' encouragement and support…

Rogers, Maria A.; Theule, Jennifer; Ryan, Bruce A.; Adams, Gerald R.; Keating, Leo

2009-01-01

241

School Housing for Physically Handicapped Children. Bulletin, 1951, No. 17  

Science.gov (United States)

School systems, as never before, are attempting to provide for physically handicapped children. Much has been accomplished, but an even larger task is still before us. Thousands of such children are not yet able to take advantage of their birthright--the opportunity for education. There are numerous reasons for this, one of which is lack of…

Mackie, Romaine P.

1951-01-01

242

Family Level Processes in Children's Adaptation to School.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study explored the relationship between mothers' and fathers' pre-kindergarten reports of family cohesion and children's academic and social competence in kindergarten and first grade, to assess the role of family level processes in children's adjustment to school. The family cohesion factor was divided into "disengaged,""cohesive," and…

Johnson, Vanessa J. Kahen

243

PSYCHIATRIC MORBIDITY IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN - AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY1  

OpenAIRE

An epidemiological study was conducted in Madurai to assess the prevalence of psychiatric problems in school children using Rutter B Scale. After screening 755 children by Rutter B Scale, 207 children were subjected to clinical evaluation and parental interview. Psychiatric morbidity was found to be 33.7%. The prevalence rate for (Afferent disorders were as follows: Conduct disorder 11.1%; Enuresis 14.3%; Hyperkinetic Syndrome 1.7%; Mental retardation 2.9%. Low intelligence, lower socio-econe...

Deivasigamani, T. R.

1990-01-01

244

Blood Pressure Screening in School-aged Children in Tehran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Hypertension is one of the most common diseases in the world and a major risk factor for cardiovascular, renal, and neurologic diseases. It seems that hypertension and overweight in children are a growing epidemic. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of hypertension in school-aged children in Tehran.Materials and Methods. In a cross-sectional study, blood pressure and anthropometric measurements were performed on school-aged children in Tehran from 2008 to 2009. Children aged 7 to 11 years from 5 public schools in Tehran were included. Blood pressure, weight, and height measurement were performed at the school. At each screening, 3 seated blood pressure, weight, and height measurements were made and at least after 3 minutes of rest and choosing proper cuff, blood pressure was measured by a pediatric nephrologist and a pediatric assistant.Results. A total of 425 school-aged children were included. Twenty-four percent of the primary school children had hypertension and 12% were shown to be overweight. Hypertension was more common in students of the north of Tehran in comparison to other geographic parts of Tehran. There was a significant difference in the prevalence of hypertension between girl students of north of Tehran and girls of the other parts of Tehran.Conclusions. We concluded that hypertension is a common problem in school-aged children. Our study re-emphasized the need for prevention and control of high blood pressure in children to manage the global diseases burden due to hypertension.

Masoumeh Mohkam

2011-06-01

245

CEC's Policy on Children with Exceptionalities in Charter Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

The Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) vigorously supports educational reforms within the public schools which promote rigorous learning standards, strong educational outcomes, shared decision making, diverse educational offerings, and the removal of unnecessary administrative requirements. However, such schools must reflect a commitment to…

Council for Exceptional Children (NJ3), 2011

2011-01-01

246

Obesity and Other Predictors of Absenteeism in Philadelphia School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Limited data indicate that obese children are absent from school more than their normal-weight peers. We analyzed administrative data from a large urban school district to investigate the association of obesity and student sociodemographic characteristics with absenteeism. Methods: We analyzed 291,040 records, representing 165,056…

Rappaport, Elizabeth B.; Daskalakis, Constantine; Andrel, Jocelyn

2011-01-01

247

Sleep Disorders in Children: Collaboration for School-Based Intervention  

Science.gov (United States)

The effects of sleep disturbance on children are wide ranging and include alterations in behavior, mood, cognition, and academic performance. Screening and intervention for pediatric sleep disorders within the schools are not widely implemented, and the concept of integrating school personnel into the multidisciplinary sleep team has yet to be…

Everhart, D. Erik

2011-01-01

248

School Psychologists Working with Children Affected by Abuse and Neglect  

Science.gov (United States)

School psychologists encounter children regularly who have been affected by abuse and neglect. Maltreatment adversely affects the mental health status and academic achievement of youth, thereby making the topic an area of concern for school psychologists. More recently, child protection laws have been expanded to include mandatory child abuse…

Dezen, Kristin A.; Gurl, Aaron; Ping, Jenn

2010-01-01

249

Handicapped Children in Schools: Administrators and the Courts. Revised.  

Science.gov (United States)

School principals perform a crucial role in discharging a school system's legal obligations toward the handicapped. Since principals are unable to supply money damages, they are rarely primary targets of lawsuits involving handicapped children, but their role in representing Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) to parents is critical. Thus,…

O'Reilly, Robert C.; Sayler, Mary R.

250

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and the School Nurse  

Science.gov (United States)

As trusted health professionals in the school setting, school nurses are well positioned to identify students who may be victims of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC). However, until recently this issue has been clouded by lack of awareness, stigma, and/or denial. Since nationally the average age of entry for girls into the…

Grace, Lisa Goldblatt; Starck, Maureen; Potenza, Jane; Kenney, Patricia A.; Sheetz, Anne H.

2012-01-01

251

Children, Play, and Computers in Pre-School Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper reports a study designed to inform the development of an information and communication technology strategy for the pre-school years of education. The main methods of collecting evidence were observations at seven pre-school settings and interviews with at least two practitioners and a number of children at each site. Practitioners…

Plowman, Lydia; Stephen, Christine

2005-01-01

252

Promoting Smooth School Transitions for Children in Foster Care  

Science.gov (United States)

Children in foster care move two times per year on average. School records are not always transferred in a timely manner, which leads to a lack of services. Schools often are not aware of the legal issues surrounding foster care, such as who has legal rights to sign field trip permission slips or consent for educational evaluations. This study led…

Laviolette, Ghyslyn T.

2011-01-01

253

Cyberbullying and Its Risk Factors among Chinese High School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Cyberbullying has become a common occurrence among adolescents worldwide; however, it has yet to receive adequate scholarly attention in China, especially in the mainland. The present study investigated the epidemiological characteristics and risk factors of cyberbullying, utilizing a sample of 1,438 high school students from central China.…

Zhou, Zongkui; Tang, Hanying; Tian, Yuan; Wei, Hua; Zhang, Fengjuan; Morrison, Chelsey M.

2013-01-01

254

Chinese Perceptions of the Interface between School and Museum Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The current political and social backdrop in China that is characterized by rapid educational reforms to the K-12 education system, rapid growth in the number of science museum institutions, and Central Government policy which encourages collaboration between museums and school has the potential to be fertile ground for meaningful engagement…

Kang, Changyun; Anderson, David; Wu, Xinchun

2010-01-01

255

Elite Schools, Postcolonial Chineseness and Hegemonic Masculinities in Singapore  

Science.gov (United States)

The educational reproduction of elite masculinity in postcolonial societies has not been properly studied. This is partly because the postcolonial masculinities of non-western elites are accomplished through the cultivation of naturalized practices signifying the body politic of the nation-state. In Singapore, same-sex elite schools of colonial…

Goh, Daniel P. S.

2015-01-01

256

SCHOOL AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF CHILDREN IN RURAL AREAS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose : The aim of the study was to assess the level of school and out-of-school physical activity of children living in rural area at the early stage of their education. Material : The research was conducted in 2009 at primary school in ?wi?tajno (a village. The study group consisted of 42 girls and 44 boys from the 1 st, 2 nd and 3 rd grade of primary school, aged 7-10. The children were chosen by means of a purposeful selection and surveyed by a questionnaire consisting of five open-ended and five closed-ended questions. Results : The research showed that the children living in the rural area at the early stage of their education eagerly participated in the classes of physical education held at school. The most popular physical activities among the children included: games and plays with the ball and other equipment, running, gymnastics (among girls and matches and competitions (among boys. The outdoor physical activities in which the children were involved outside of school were spontaneous and unorganized including mainly cycling, roller-skating, skating or skiing. Conclusions : A marginal percentage of children participated in out-of-school sports trainings or other physical education-oriented classes (e.g. swimming lessons. A relatively high percentage of children devoted a great deal of their free time to watching television, DVDs or playing on the computer.

Podstawski Robert

2014-07-01

257

Quality Education through Child-Friendly Schools: Resource Allocation for the Protection of Children’s Rights  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper discusses the idea and purpose of Child-Friendly Schools (CFSs initiated by the UNICEF. It analyses the implications of CFSs in terms of improving children’s health and nutrition, promoting gender equality, protecting children’s rights, re-defining education quality and creating positive psycho-emotional environment at schools.

Mariam ORKODASHVILI

2013-06-01

258

Play as main road in children’s transition to school  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This chapter deals with children’s transition to school and play. First part focuses on transition and shows a number of problem, which in short can be described as lack of continuity between preschool and school. The answer to this problem is to create transition strategies and activities. Besides a number of transition activities the author argues for play as pivot for successful transition and more specific dialogical reading followed by play. Thus play is not seen as children’s own free-flow play, but as an educational activity in which the preschool teacher has an active role.

Broström, Stig

2013-01-01

259

Children of Somali Refugees in Australian Schools: Self-Descriptions of School-Related Skills and Needs  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined self-descriptions of children of Somali refugee families in Australian primary schools, focusing on how children's school-related skills and needs relate to the interpretive frames of mainstream and ethnic cultures. Three groups of Grade 5 and 6 children (Somali, Disadvantaged, Advantaged) made choices among school-related skills, and…

Dodds, Agnes E.; Lawrence, Jeanette A.; Karantzas, Kellie; Brooker, Abi; Lin, Ying Han; Champness, Vivienne; Albert, Nadia

2010-01-01

260

Analysis of EBNA-1 and LMP-1 variants in diseases associated with EBV infection in Chinese children  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background In China, primary EBV infection occurs during childhood with seroprevalence reaching about 100% by 10 years of age. There are few studies on EBV variants in diseases associated with EBV infection in Chinese children. In this study, we investigated the diversity of the EBV genes (EBNA-1 and LMP-1) and the relationship between EBV variants and the clinical phenotypes in diseases associated with EBV infections in Chinese pediatric cases. Results

Ai Junhong; Xie Zhengde; Liu Chunyan; Huang Zhizuo; Xu Junmei

2012-01-01

261

INTRODUCING CHILDREN TO THE IVAN?NA GORICA NURSERY SCHOOL  

OpenAIRE

Introducing children to a nursery school is something that parents have to face when they bring their child into a nursery school for the first time. A new environment, into which the children are entering, arouses several concerns and questions for their parents. In the theoretical part of my thesis, I focused on a family as a value which has a unique meaning and represents a world to a child. I described the process of introduction into a nursery school and the problems met by parents...

Pintar, Nadja

2009-01-01

262

Children's Books in a High School Library? A Risky Question Worth Asking.  

Science.gov (United States)

An online survey seeking librarians' opinions about including children's books in the high school library returned many positive responses. Lists ways children's books could be used in high school. Discusses the new wave of children's literature; children's books made into movies; commonality of high school libraries having collections of…

Johnson, Keith

2001-01-01

263

The problems of health protection socialisation of children at pre-school educational institutions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article focuses on the results of health behavior diagnostic of pre-school children. They indicate that pre-school education is the only element of education system that pays attention to children’s healthcare and development of health skills. This article discusses the problems of healthcare socialization of children at pre-school educational institutions and possible

Alimpiyeva A.V.

2013-01-01

264

School Children's Happiness Inventory: The Validity and Reliability Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to carry out the validity and the reliability study of the School Children’s Happiness Inventory. 358 Elementary school students, 195 (55% of which were female and 163 (45% male, participated in the research. The School Children’s Happiness Inventory, Depression Scale for Children and Scale of Positive and Negative Experience were used as data collection instruments in the research. For the validity study of the inventory, structure validity and criterion dependent validity were checked. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was calculated to identify reliability. At the end of the exploratory factor analysis carried out in order to determine the factor structure of the inventory, the inventory was composed of two factors, as is present in its original form. According to the confirmatory factor analysis, the fit indexes of the scale were determined to be at the acceptable level. At the end of the criterion dependent validity study, it was seen that there was a negatively significant relationship between the School Children’s Happiness Inventory and depression and negative experiences, and a positively significant relationship between the inventory and the positive experiences. At the end of the reliability study, it was seen that Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of the inventory was quite high. As a result of this validity and reliability study, it can be said that the inventory is a valid and reliable assessment instrument for evaluating the happiness of schoolchildren.

Bülent Baki Telef

2014-04-01

265

Mothers' School-Related Identities and Possible Selves for Their Children  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we explored how mothers' school-related identities influence their current expectations of school identities for their children using a possible selves framework. Forty-seven mothers of preschool-aged children participated in semi-structured interviews about their school-related histories and children's school preparation.…

Miller, Kyle; Dilworth-Bart, Janean

2014-01-01

266

Children's body mass index, participation in school meals, and observed energy intake at school meals  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Data from a dietary-reporting validation study with fourth-grade children were analyzed to investigate a possible relationship of body mass index (BMI) with daily participation in school meals and observed energy intake at school meals, and whether the relationships differed by breakfast location (classroom; cafeteria). Methods Data were collected in 17, 17, and 8 schools during three school years. For the three years, six, six, and seven of ...

Mackelprang Alyssa J; Royer Julie A; Guinn Caroline H; Hardin James W; Baxter Suzanne; Devlin Christina M

2010-01-01

267

Savage Inequalities: Children in America's Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

This book examines what is happening, in the context of segregated and unequal public education, to children from poor families in the inner cities and less affluent suburbs, and describes how children of poor families get less real education, less hope, and less concern than children from rich families. Chapter 1 of the book examines the causes…

Kozol, Jonathan

268

High School Students' Scientific Epistemological Beliefs, Motivation in Learning Science, and Their Relationships: A Comparative Study within the Chinese Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the differences in high school students' scientific epistemological beliefs (SEBs), motivation in learning science (MLS), and the different relationships between them in Taiwan and China. 310 Taiwanese and 302 Chinese high school students' SEBs and MLS were assessed quantitatively. Taiwanese students generally were more prone…

Lin, Tzung-Jin; Deng, Feng; Chai, Ching Sing; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2013-01-01

269

School-Based Extracurricular Activities, Personality, Self-Concept, and College Career Development Skills in Chinese Society  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, we examined in Chinese society the association of school-based extracurricular activities (SBEAs) in both high school and college with students' career development skills in college, as well as with various personality characteristics and self-concept. Each of 281 college students administered the Lai Personality Inventory,…

Shiah, Yung-Jong; Huang, Ying; Chang, Frances; Chang, Chuan-Feng; Yeh, Lun-Chang

2013-01-01

270

SCHOOL AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF CHILDREN IN RURAL AREAS  

OpenAIRE

Purpose : The aim of the study was to assess the level of school and out-of-school physical activity of children living in rural area at the early stage of their education. Material : The research was conducted in 2009 at primary school in ?wi?tajno (a village). The study group consisted of 42 girls and 44 boys from the 1 st, 2 nd and 3 rd grade of primary school, aged 7-10. The children were chosen by means of a purposeful sele...

Podstawski Robert; Omelan Aneta; Zapert Monika; ?urek Piotr

2014-01-01

271

Effects of a 12-week, school-based obesity management program on obese primary school children  

OpenAIRE

Purpose:This study was designed to determine the effects of a school-based obesity-management program on obese primary school children. Methods:A total of 995 children (6&#8211;12 years old) in a primary school were screened in March 2008, and of those, 101 obese students (44 boys and 57 girls, body mass index (BMI) ?#249;5 percentile) were enrolled for a study group. The school- based, obesity management program, which includes physical exercise and nutritional education,...

Han Gyu Kim; Goh-woon Lim; Hae Soon Kim; Young Mi Hong

2010-01-01

272

SHORT COMMUNICATION: Status of Physical Fitness Index (PFI % and Anthropometric Parameters in Residential School Children Compared to Nonresidential School Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Physical fitness is the prime criterion for survival, to achieve any goal and to lead a healthy life. Effect of exercise to have a good physical fitness is well known since ancient Vedas. Physical fitness can be recorded by cardiopulmonary efficiency test like Physical Fitness Index (PFI % which is a powerful indicator of cardiopulmonary efficiency. Regular exercise increases PFI by increasing oxygen consumption. Residential school children are exposed to regular exercise and nutritious food under the guidance. Aims and Objectives: Our study is aimed to compare the physical fitness index status and anthropometric parameters in Residential Sainik (n=100 school children compared to Non-Residential (n=100 school children (aged between 12-16 years of Bijapur. Material and Methods: PFI was measured by Harvard Step Test [1]. TheAnthropometrical parameters like Height (cms, Weight (Kg, Body Surface Area (BSA in sq.mts, Body Mass Index (BMI in Kg/m2, Mid Arm Circumference (cms, Chest Circumference (cms and Abdominal Circumference (cms were recorded. Results: Mean score of PFI(%, Height(cms, Weight(Kg, BSA(sq.mts, BMI(Kg/m2, Mid Arm Circumference(cms, Chest Circumference (cms and Abdominal Circumference (cms were significantly higher (p=0.000 in Residential school children compared to Non Residential school children. In conclusion regular exercise and nutritious diet under the guidance increases the physical fitness and growth in growing children.

Jyoti P Khodnapur

2012-07-01

273

Young Children’s Video/Computer Game Use: Relations with School Performance and Behavior  

OpenAIRE

This study examined the amount and content of children’s video game playing in relation with behavioral and academic outcomes. Relationships among playing context, child gender, and parental monitoring were explored. Data were obtained through parent report of child’s game play, behavior, and school performance. Results revealed that time spent playing games was related positively to aggression and negatively to school competence. Violent content was correlated positively and educational ...

Hastings, Erin C.; Karas, Tamara L.; Winsler, Adam; Way, Erin; Madigan, Amy; Tyler, Shannon

2009-01-01

274

School meals, school milk and height of primary school children in England and Scotland in the eighties.  

OpenAIRE

In a nutritional surveillance system of primary school children in England and Scotland we assessed the possible effects on height gain of changes in school meals and school milk policies following the 1980 Education Act (No. 2). Mean height and height gain were estimated separately for English and Scottish samples from 1982 to 1984, and for a selective sample of inner city areas with a high proportion of ethnic minorities from 1983 to 1985 in children from 5.00 to 9.99 years. Children receiv...

Rona, R. J.; Chinn, S.

1989-01-01

275

Overweight among primary school-age children in Malaysia.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study is a secondary data analysis from the National Health Morbidity Survey III, a population-based study conducted in 2006. A total of 7,749 children between 7 and 12 years old were recruited into the study. This study seeks to report the prevalence of overweight (including obesity) children in Malaysia using international cut-off point and identify its associated key social determinants. The results show that the overall prevalence of overweight children in Malaysia was 19.9%. The urban residents, males, Chinese, those who are wealthy, have overweight or educated guardians showed higher prevalence of overweight. In multivariable analysis, higher likelihood of being overweight was observed among those with advancing age (OR=1.15), urban residents (OR=1.16, 95% CI: 1.01-1.36), the Chinese (OR=1.45, 95% CI: 1.19-1.77), boys (OR=1.23, 95% CI: 1.08-1.41), and those who came from higher income family. In conclusion, one out of five of 7-12 year-old-children in Malaysia were overweight. Locality of residence, ethnicity, gender, guardian education, and overweight guardian were likely to be the predictors of this alarming issue. Societal and public health efforts are needed in order to reduce the burden of disease associated with obesity. PMID:23945411

Naidu, Balkish Mahadir; Mahmud, Siti Zuraidah; Ambak, Rashidah; Sallehuddin, Syafinaz Mohd; Mutalip, Hatta Abdul; Saari, Riyanti; Sahril, Norhafizah; Hamid, Hamizatul Akmal Abdul

2013-01-01

276

Prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in primary school children  

Science.gov (United States)

Context: There is a lacuna of studies on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the Indian context. Aims: (i) To identify the prevalence of ADHD in primary school children, (ii) To identify the gender difference in the prevalence of ADHD, (iii) To compare the distribution of ADHD among different socioeconomic status, (iv) To identify the presence of any co-morbid factors associated with ADHD. Settings and Design: This is a cross sectional study of school aged children selected from four different schools in Coimbatore district. Materials and Methods: Seven hundred seventy children aged between 6 and 11 years were selected from four schools in Coimbatore district after obtaining informed consent from their parents. The presence of ADHD was assessed by using Conner's Abbreviated Rating Scale (CARS) given to parents and teachers. The children identified as having ADHD were assessed for the presence of any co-morbid factors by administering Children's Behavioural Questionnaire (CBQ) to the teachers and Personal Information Questionnaire to the parents. Statistical Analysis: Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) 10 software, Mean and Standard Deviation, and student's t test were used for statistical analysis. Results: The prevalence of ADHD among primary school children was found to be 11.32%. Prevalence was found to be higher among the males (66.7%) as compared to that of females (33.3%). The prevalence among lower socio-economic group was found to be 16.33% and that among middle socio-economic group was 6.84%. The prevalence was highest in the age group 9 and 10 years. Conclusion: The present study shows a high prevalence of ADHD among primary school children with a higher prevalence among the males than the females. PMID:24459303

Venkata, Jyothsna Akam; Panicker, Anuja S.

2013-01-01

277

Chinese students' great expectations : prospective pre-school teachers on the move  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The article focuses on Chinese students' hopes and expectations before leaving to study abroad. The national political environment for their decision to go abroad is shaped by an official narrative of China's transition to a more creative and innovative economy. Students draw on this narrative to interpret their own educational histories and prior experiences, while at the same time making use of imaginaries of 'Western' education to redefine themselves as independent individuals in an increasingly globalised and individualised world. Through a case study of prospective pre-school teachers preparing to study abroad, the article shows how personal, professional and even national goals are closely interwoven. Students expect education abroad to be a personally transformative experience, but rather than defining their goals of individual freedom and creativity in opposition to the authoritarian political system, they think of themselves as having a role in the transformation of Chinese attitudes to education andparent-child relations.

ThØgersen, Stig

2013-01-01

278

Children's body mass index, participation in school meals, and observed energy intake at school meals  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Data from a dietary-reporting validation study with fourth-grade children were analyzed to investigate a possible relationship of body mass index (BMI with daily participation in school meals and observed energy intake at school meals, and whether the relationships differed by breakfast location (classroom; cafeteria. Methods Data were collected in 17, 17, and 8 schools during three school years. For the three years, six, six, and seven of the schools had breakfast in the classroom; all other schools had breakfast in the cafeteria. Information about 180 days of school breakfast and school lunch participation during fourth grade for each of 1,571 children (90% Black; 53% girls was available in electronic administrative records from the school district. Children were weighed and measured, and BMI was calculated. Each of a subset of 465 children (95% Black; 49% girls was observed eating school breakfast and school lunch on the same day. Mixed-effects regression was conducted with BMI as the dependent variable and school as the random effect; independent variables were breakfast participation, lunch participation, combined participation (breakfast and lunch on the same day, average observed energy intake for breakfast, average observed energy intake for lunch, sex, age, breakfast location, and school year. Analyses were repeated for BMI category (underweight/healthy weight; overweight; obese; severely obese using pooled ordered logistic regression models that excluded sex and age. Results Breakfast participation, lunch participation, and combined participation were not significantly associated with BMI or BMI category irrespective of whether the model included observed energy intake at school meals. Observed energy intake at school meals was significantly and positively associated with BMI and BMI category. For the total sample and subset, breakfast location was significantly associated with BMI; average BMI was larger for children with breakfast in the classroom than in the cafeteria. Significantly more kilocalories were observed eaten at breakfast in the classroom than in the cafeteria. Conclusions For fourth-grade children, results provide evidence of a positive relationship between BMI and observed energy intake at school meals, and between BMI and school breakfast in the classroom; however, BMI and participation in school meals were not significantly associated.

Mackelprang Alyssa J

2010-03-01

279

Children's and Teachers' Views of School-Based Competencies and Their Relation to Children's Peer Status.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined congruence of children's (n=102) and teachers' perceptions of their school-based competencies and relation of those views to peer group status. Measured perceptions of competencies using Health Resources Inventory (HRI) and determined peer status with sociometrics. Correlations between children's and teachers' HRI scores were modest.…

Juvonen, Jaana; And Others

1992-01-01

280

Quality education through Child-Friendly Schools: resource allocation for the protection of children’s rights  

OpenAIRE

The paper discusses the idea and purpose of Child-Friendly Schools (CFSs) initiated by the UNICEF. It analyses the implications of CFSs in terms of improving children’s health and nutrition, promoting gender equality, protecting children’s rights, re-defining education quality and creating positive psycho-emotional environment at schools. Experience is now showing that a framework of rights-based, child-friendly schools can be a powerful tool for both helping to fulfill the rights of ...

Orkodashvili, Mariam

2010-01-01

281

Parental Weight Status and Offspring Cardiovascular Disease Risks: a Cross-Sectional Study of Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction Prevalence of childhood obesity in China is increasing, and parental weight is a risk factor for the development of obesity in children. We examined the relationship of parental body weight status with risk of offspring cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Chinese children. Method We conducted a cross-sectional study in Wuhan, China, during May and June 2010. Parental body mass index (BMI) was calculated according to self-reported height and weight. Offspring CVD risk factors, including BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting glucose, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and metabolic risk score (MRS), were assessed through anthropometric measures, blood samples, and a CRF test. Multiple linear regression and analysis of covariance were used to examine the effects of maternal and paternal weight status on offspring CVD risks. Results A total of 580 Chinese children (339 boys and 241 girls, mean [standard deviation] age, 9.6 [0.7] years) participated in the study. Maternal BMI was significantly associated with offspring elevated BMI (? = 0.134, P = .002), waist circumference (? = 0.253, P = .04), and decreased CRF (? = ?0.134, P = .01). Paternal BMI was significantly associated with elevated offspring BMI (? = 0.161, P < .001), waist circumference (? = 0.404, P < .001), triglycerides (? = 0.017, P = .03), MRS (? = 0.084, P = .03), and decreased CRF (? = ?0.174, P < .001). BMI (P < .001), waist circumference (P < .001), and MRS (P < .05) were positively associated with additional overweight/obese parents, whereas CRF was negatively associated (P < .001). Conclusion Parental weight status was significantly associated with increased risk of CVD in their children, and the association was stronger for paternal weight status. PMID:25569694

McCarthy, Kayne; Ye, Yong-ling; Yuan, Shuai

2015-01-01

282

Zinc metabolism and requirement in Chinese preschool children consuming different diets.  

Science.gov (United States)

Zinc metabolism of children differs due to diet and this can affect zinc requirement. We used the balance method to study zinc metabolism in 11 Chinese preschool children (six males and five females, 5.5-6.5 y old with a mean age of 6 y) of normal zinc status as judged by comprehensive criteria before and after they were fed a balanced diet. Zinc intakes and excretions via feces, urine, whole body surface and hair were determined in each subject. After all subjects consumed a balanced diet for 3 wk, losses of zinc in feces and urine increased from 3.77 +/- 0.62 mg/d to 5.28 +/- 0.92 mg/d (P zinc intakes increased from 5.38 +/- 0.71 mg/d to 7.12 +/- 0.64 mg/d (P zinc loss did not change (0.25 +/- 0.07 mg/d vs 0.27 +/- 0.09 mg/d (P = 0.57). Hair zinc loss was 5.26 +/- 2.49 microgram/d. Post-treatment, zinc excretions via feces, urine and whole body surface positively correlated with dietary zinc intakes (0.68-0.88, P Zinc retention did not change (1.17 +/- 0.78 mg/d vs 1.35 +/- 0.52 mg/d, P = 0.53) with balanced diet treatment. After treatment zinc metabolism in these children was positive and stable. The absorbed zinc, 1.84 +/- 0.47 mg/d, was considered their absolute zinc requirement. Assuming that zinc availability is 20%, the zinc requirement in the daily diet of Chinese preschool children should be 9.23 +/- 2.35 mg/d (6.88-11.58 mg/d). PMID:9868183

Chujian, C; Shouyang, Y; Shunyi, B; Rong, L

1998-12-01

283

Comparative study on body shape satisfaction and body weight control between Korean and Chinese female high school students  

OpenAIRE

This study was conducted to compare body shape satisfaction, body image perception, weight control status, and dietary habits of Korean and Chinese female high school students in order to provide information for proper body image perception of adolescents. 221 students in Yongin, a city in Korea, and 227 students in Weihai, a city in China, were surveyed using questionnaires. Body shape satisfaction was significantly higher in Chinese students (P < 0.001) compared to Korean students. 76.2% of...

Ro, Yoona; Hyun, Whajin

2012-01-01

284

Physical Activity Pattern of Prepubescent Filipino School Children during School Days  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Little is known about pre-pubescent Filipino children's involvement in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). There are international guidelines regarding required levels of MVPA for healthy children. Methods: This study describes participation of 11- to 12-year-olds in randomly selected public and private schools in San Juan,…

Gonzalez-Suarez, Consuelo B.; Grimmer-Somers, Karen

2009-01-01

285

Psychometric properties of the Chinese Behavior Problems Inventory-01 in children and adolescents with or at risk for intellectual disabilities.  

Science.gov (United States)

As the world's most populous country, China is likely to have the highest number of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) in the world. As many people with ID are susceptible to serious and persistent behavior problems, research by Chinese scientists on this public health issue is needed. However, there are only very few reliable Chinese-language behavior assessment instruments for problem behaviors. To fill this gap we translated the Behavior Problems Inventory-01 (BPI-01; Rojahn, Matson, Lott, Esbensen, & Smalls, 2001) into Chinese. The BPI-01 is an informant-based behavior rating instrument that was designed to assess self-injurious behavior (SIB), stereotyped behavior, and aggressive/destructive behavior in individuals with ID. We then assessed the behavior of 222 children and young adults (age range 1.5-21.5 years) with or at risk for ID from three special needs service programs in mainland China. Teachers or staff members, respectively, served as respondents. The Chinese version of the BPI-01 showed good reliability (internal consistency) and good factor validity tested by confirmatory factorial analysis. We conclude that the Chinese version of the BPI-01 can be used for research and clinical evaluation of Chinese children and adolescents with ID. PMID:25462486

An, Xiaozhu; Rojahn, Johannes; Curby, Timothy W; Ding, Yuezeng

2014-10-28

286

Self discipline and obesity in Bangkok school children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Childhood obesity has become an important public health problem in Thailand. This study aimed to determine the relationship between self discipline and obesity in Bangkok school children. Methods A case control study was conducted. 140 cases (obese children and 140 controls (normal weight children were randomly chosen from grades 4-6 students in 4 Bangkok public schools. Questionnaire responses regarding general characteristics and child self-discipline were obtained from children and their parents. Results Self discipline in eating habits, money management and time management were reported at significantly lower levels among the obese group (p Conclusions It was recommended that parents and teachers participate in child self-discipline guidance, particularly with regard to eating habits, money management and time management in a supportive environment that both facilitates prevention of obesity and simultaneously develops a child's personal control.

Srisorrachatr Suwat

2011-03-01

287

Elementary school children's science learning from school field trips  

OpenAIRE

This research examines the impact of classroom anchoring activities on elementary school students’ science learning from a school field trip. Although there is prior research demonstrating that students can learn science from school field trips, most of this research is descriptive in nature and does not examine the conditions that enhance or facilitate such learning. The current study draws upon research in psychology and education to create an intervention that is designed to enhance what...

Glick, Marilyn Petty

2007-01-01

288

Primary School Children's Vision Screening Project, Mozambique  

OpenAIRE

Students on the BSc in Optometry who volunteer with the Mozambique Eyecare Project do vision screenings with local children, supervised by DIT lecturers. These screenings are accredited as part of the students’ learning, and benefit both the children and the students.

Phelan, Aoife

2012-01-01

289

A Controlled Evaluation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention in Turkish School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was conducted to assess the effect of a weight management program in Turkish school children with overweight and obesity. Forty one students formed the intervention group while 40 students formed the control group in two elementary schools. Students in intervention group were given seven training sessions in a period of 2.5 months.…

Toruner, Ebru Kilicarslan; Savaser, Sevim

2010-01-01

290

Alterations in neural connectivity in preterm children at school age  

OpenAIRE

Converging data suggest recovery from injury in the preterm brain. We used functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to test the hypothesis that cerebral connectivity involving Wernicke’s area and other important cortical language regions would differ between preterm (PT) and term (T) control school age children during performance of an auditory language task. Fifty-four PT children (600 – 1250 g birth weight) and 24 T controls were evaluated using an fMRI passive language task and neu...

Gozzo, Yeisid; Vohr, Betty; Lacadie, Cheryl; Hampson, Michelle; Katz, Karol H.; Maller-kesselman, Jill; Schneider, Karen C.; Peterson, Bradley S.; Rajeevan, Nallakkandi; Makuch, Robert W.; Constable, R. Todd; Ment, Laura R.

2009-01-01

291

Young children learning new languages out of school.  

OpenAIRE

Luxembourg is a trilingual country where residents communicate in Luxembourgish, French and German concurrently. Children therefore study these languages at primary school. In this paper I explore how six eight-year-old Luxembourgish children use and learn German, French and English in formal and informal settings over a period of one year. Their eagerness to learn and use German and English contrasted with their cautious and formal approach to the learning of French. My findings demonstrate ...

Kirsch, Claudine

2006-01-01

292

Evaluation of children in six blind schools of Andhra Pradesh  

OpenAIRE

Purpose: 1.To determine the anatomical site and underlying causes of severe visual impairment and blindness in children in special education in Andhra Pradesh, India. 2. To compare the causes of blindness in two different regions in the state. 3. To evaluate improvement with correction of refractive error and low-vision devices (LVDs) Methods: Children in 6 schools for the blind and in 3 integrated education programmes were examined by one ophthalmologist, and were refracted and...

Hornby Stella; Adolph Shajan; Gothwal Vijaya; Gilbert Clare; Dandona Lalit; Foster Allen

2000-01-01

293

Socialization children with special needs in regular elementary school  

OpenAIRE

The thesis describes an approach to the process of socialization and the social inclusion of the children with special needs in the classrooms within the elemetary schools. Theoretical part describes children with special needs, process of socialization and their integration with the majority in the classroom. The final results, shown through the sociograms and sociometirc tables, are the result of sociometric questionnaire. The scholars needed to give an answer to two specific questions and...

Pus?ar, Sandra

2013-01-01

294

Learning to be Responsible: Young Children Transitions outside School  

OpenAIRE

This paper focuses on out of school learning during early childhood transitions through case studies of young children in two different rural communities in Peru. It shows that for young children, increasing participation in their social worlds is marked not only through specific rites, but also through a more subtle process that involves a progressive change in their roles and responsibilities within their households. This transition involves the learning of practical and social skills, d...

Ames, Patricia

2013-01-01

295

Teachers’ Perceptions of Sex Education of Primary School Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aim: Sex education of children, a complex issue in any culture, has always been a controversial subject. Schools can play a vital role in imparting sex education to children, particularly in more conservative communities. The objective of this study was to find out primary school teachers beliefs, attitudes, values, and understandings regarding sex education of school pupils. Materials and Methods: In this qualitative study we employed a community-based approach to design the project. Purposeful, voluntary and maximum variation sampling was used to recruit 22 teachers from selected schools in Western Tehran (21 female and 1 male teacher. Information was collected in 4 focus-group discussion sessions. Grounded theory and thematic analysis were used.Results: Findings revealed three major themes: 1 organizational role, 2 institution construction, and 3 individual characteristics. These themes were described by subthemes as follows: 1. for organizational role: organizational culture and policies; 2. for institution construction: family and educational institutions; 3. for individual characteristics: biology, gender, instincts, curiosity, knowledge, and behaviors.Conclusion: From the participants point of views, the school and the family are two important institutions in children sex education. However, teachers are not sufficiently competent in sex behavior education. Inappropriate policies, resource limitations, and the family cultural structure are obstacles in sex education of children in schools. The participants believe the following are priorities in childrens sex education: changing cultural attitudes in organizations and institutions, such as cultural diffusion; sound training approaches in sex-related topics; providing sufficient resources; improving knowledge and skills of teachers in the area of sex education of pupils; and effective interaction between families and school authorities.

H Taghdissi

2010-09-01

296

Deaf children's social relationships in mainstream schools  

OpenAIRE

Arguments supporting the integration of deaf pupils in mainstream schools are often based on possible cognitive gains, but it has been suggested that integration should also be assessed in terms of its social consequences for pupils. If deaf pupils are rejected or feel isolated in mainstream schools, their education may ultimately suffer. We investigated the social adaptation of nine deaf pupils in two mainstream schools using three methods: peer ratings, sociometric status and interviews. Th...

Nunes, T.; Pretzlik, U.; Olsson, J.

2001-01-01

297

Empirical estimation of school siting parameter towards improving children's safety  

Science.gov (United States)

Distance from school to home is a key determination in ensuring the safety of hildren. School siting parameters are made to make sure that a particular school is located in a safe environment. School siting parameters are made by Department of Town and Country Planning Malaysia (DTCP) and latest review was on June 2012. These school siting parameters are crucially important as they can affect the safety, school reputation, and not to mention the perception of the pupil and parents of the school. There have been many studies to review school siting parameters since these change in conjunction with this ever-changing world. In this study, the focus is the impact of school siting parameter on people with low income that live in the urban area, specifically in Johor Bahru, Malaysia. In achieving that, this study will use two methods which are on site and off site. The on site method is to give questionnaires to people and off site is to use Geographic Information System (GIS) and Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS), to analyse the results obtained from the questionnaire. The output is a maps of suitable safe distance from school to house. The results of this study will be useful to people with low income as their children tend to walk to school rather than use transportation.

Aziz, I. S.; Yusoff, Z. M.; Rasam, A. R. A.; Rahman, A. N. N. A.; Omar, D.

2014-02-01

298

Teaching the Chinese Language to Heritage versus Non-Heritage Learners: Parents' Perceptions of a Community Weekend School in the United States  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents results of a study on a weekend Chinese community school in a mid-Atlantic state that looks at parents' perceptions of the challenges the school faced in teaching Chinese to heritage versus non-heritage learners. Survey and qualitative interviews with parents show differences in their expectations regarding teacher…

Lawton, Bessie Lee; Logio, Kim A.

2009-01-01

299

Stakeholder Views on the Roles, Challenges, and Future Prospects of Korean and Chinese Heritage Language-Community Language Schools in Phoenix: A Comparative Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines stakeholders' perspectives on Korean and Chinese heritage language and community language (HL-CL) schools and education in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area, Arizona. It investigates and compares the roles, major challenges, and future prospects of Korean and Chinese HL-CL schools as viewed by principals, teachers, and parents. To…

You, Byeong-keun; Liu, Na

2011-01-01

300

Memory performance in Brazilian school-age children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The purpose of the present study was to investigate different memory systems among children of different school ages. Ninety children who attend schools within the Rio de Janeiro municipality school system, ages 6 to 10 years, were studied. The study excluded children with learning disabilities. All [...] children underwent a neuropsychological evaluation. A two-way analysis of variance revealed significant gender differences in the free delay episodic memory. Age differences were found for the free delay episodic memory and recognition on the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) as well as the recall of the Rey Figure. Semantic memory correlated with Semantic Verbal Fluency. Working Memory as measured by Digit Span subtest of the WISC correlated with the first list learning of the RAVLT. Overall, study results indicated a lower performance among 6-year-old children and gender differences in children 8 and 10 years of age. Data are consistent with the literature and show a distinction in the evolution of different memory systems throughout life.

Luciana, Brooking; Emmy, Uehara; Helenice, Charchat-Fichman; J., Landeira-Fernandez.

2012-12-01

301

Young children school as a place of elaborated culture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Through this article, we reflect on the processes that mediate theory and practice in pre school education. Considering that the environment – the cultural heritage of humanity – constitutes the source of human qualities set as possibilities of appropriation for the new generations at a given time, we seek ways to promote this experience the children of a nursery school on the outskirts of a city in the state of São Paulo. Our starting thesis, guided by cultural-historical theory of human development, advocated by Vygotsky in the texts that support this article, was that the human qualities that we want developed by the children at the end of the process of education must be present in the beginning of its development, guiding that development. Thus, when the child in its earliest forms of expression is surrounded with the more elaborated forms of cultural expressions, he/she will appropriate such elaborated expressions performing a revolution in his/her development. For this study, we follow the activity of children in a group of 5 years old, in a public daycare where one of the authors is a school coordinator. We observed the languages through which the children expressed themselves and enriched this environment to expand the universe of references bringing their everyday experience to a more elaborated level. The outcome was the children’s expression in more elaborated forms, demonstrating the appropriations they achieved having the culture as a source of their development process.

Suely Amaral Mello

2010-05-01

302

Pedagogical correlates of reading comprehension in English and Chinese.  

OpenAIRE

This study conducted in Hong Kong used multiple regression procedures to investigate the relationship between primary school children’s reading test scores and the frequency with which fortytwo instructional practices were used by their literacy teachers. Analyses were conducted separately for reading in English language and in Chinese (Modern Standard Written Chinese). Subjects comprised4,329 Cantonese-speaking students (2,157 girls; 2,172 boys) aged approximately 9+ years, and their 256 t...

Westwood, P.; Loh, E. K. Y.; Lam, R. Y. H.; Lam, J. W. I.; Tse, S. K.

2007-01-01

303

Adverse effect of outdoor air pollution on cardiorespiratory fitness in Chinese children  

Science.gov (United States)

Little is known about the health impact of air pollution on children's cardiovascular health. A cross-sectional study was conducted and data was analysed in 2048 Chinese schoolchildren (aged 8-10 years) in three districts of Hong Kong to examine the association between exposure to outdoor air pollution and cardiorespiratory fitness. Annual means of ambient PM10, SO2, NO2 and O3 from 1996 to 2003 were used to estimate individual exposure of the subjects. Cardiorespiratory fitness was measured for maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), predicted by the multistage fitness test (MFT). Height and weight were measured and other potential confounders were collected with questionnaires. Analysis of covariance was performed to estimate the impact of air pollution on complete speed in the MFT and predicted VO2max. The results showed that children in high-pollution district had significantly lower complete speed and predicted VO2max compared to those in low- and moderate-pollution districts. Complete speed and predicted VO2max was estimated to reduce 0.327 km h-1 and 1.53 ml kg-1 min-1 per 10 ?g m-3 increase in PM10 annual mean respectively, with those in girls being greater than in boys. Being physically active could not significantly result in improved cardiorespiratory fitness in polluted districts. The adverse effect seems to be independent of short-term exposure to air pollution. We concluded that long-term exposure to higher outdoor air pollution levels was negatively associated with cardiorespiratory fitness in Chinese schoolchildren, especially for girls. PM10 is the most relevant pollutant of the adverse effect. Elevated cardiorespiratory fitness observed in physically activate children could be negated by increased amount of inhaled pollutants during exercise.

Gao, Yang; Chan, Emily Y. Y.; Zhu, Yingjia; Wong, Tze Wai

2013-01-01

304

Eye-Voice Span during Rapid Automatized Naming of Digits and Dice in Chinese Normal and Dyslexic Children  

Science.gov (United States)

We measured Chinese dyslexic and control children's eye movements during rapid automatized naming (RAN) with alphanumeric (digits) and symbolic (dice surfaces) stimuli. Both types of stimuli required identical oral responses, controlling for effects associated with speech production. Results showed that naming dice was much slower than naming…

Pan, Jinger; Yan, Ming; Laubrock, Jochen; Shu, Hua; Kliegl, Reinhold

2013-01-01

305

'Wishing for Dragon Children': Ironies and Contradictions in China's Education Reform and the Chinese Diaspora's Disappointments with Australian Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper argues that the re-traditionalisation of 'wishing for dragon children' creates difficulties for China's current education reforms and informs the disquiet expressed by Chinese-Australians about Australian education. We develop this argument around three key propositions. First, we explore Confucianism and the civil service examination…

Wu, Jianguo; Singh, Michael

2004-01-01

306

The Significance of Bilingual Chinese, Malay, and Tamil Children's English Network Patterns on Community Language Use Patterns.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveyed groups of Chinese, Malay and Tamil families, their use of community languages or mother tongue, and their speaking, reading, and writing proficiency. Found that when parents' community language proficiency in speaking is lower they tend to choose English as preferred language. Children's language confidence affected their language choice.…

Saravanan, Vanithamani

2001-01-01

307

Psychometric Validation and Normative Data of a Second Chinese Version of the Hooper Visual Organization Test in Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The Hooper Visual Organization Test (HVOT) is a measure of visuosynthetic ability. Previously, the psychometric properties of the HVOT have been evaluated for Chinese-speaking children aged 5-11 years. This study reports development and further evidence of reliability and validity for a second version involving an extended age range of healthy…

Lin, Yueh-Hsien; Su, Chwen-Yng; Guo, Wei-Yuan; Wuang, Yee-Pay

2012-01-01

308

The Study of Externalizing and Internalizing Behaviours in Greek, Russian, Indian, and Chinese Children Using the Fairy Tale Test  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated externalizing and internalizing behaviours in Greek (n = 599), Russian (n = 596), Indian (n = 571), and Chinese (n = 376) 7- to 12-year-old children. The Fairy Tale Test was used to measure impulsive and motivated aggression, fear of aggression, anxiety, and depression. The results indicated culture-specific patterns…

Savina, Elena; Coulacoglou, Carina; Sanyal, Nilanjana; Zhang, Jianxin

2012-01-01

309

The Longitudinal Interplay of Psychopathology and Social Competence during Chinese Children's Transition to Preschool  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined the longitudinal relations between psychopathology and social competence in a sample of 115 Chinese children during the transition to preschool initiated in their third year of life. Social competence was assessed by maternal reports at three months after preschool entry (T1) and at the end of the first (T2) and second…

Zhang, Xiao

2013-01-01

310

Does son preference influence children's growth in height? A comparative study of Chinese and Filipino children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research has demonstrated that son preference has a serious impact on the survival and well-being of female infants and children in some parts of South and East Asia, but little is known about the consequences of son preference in later childhood and adolescence. We compare children's growth trajectories in height over childhood and adolescence in China, where the level of son preference is relatively high, and the Philippines, where it is relatively low. Children's height reflects long-term nutritional status and exposure to infectious diseases, both influenced by household decision-making and, presumably, by a preference for sons. Using data from two high-quality longitudinal studies and multilevel growth models, we find that male children in China show an additional height advantage relative to their female counterparts, when compared to the sex difference in growth trajectories in the Philippines. Further analysis reveals that the additional advantage of males in China is stronger in rural areas. PMID:18937144

Song, Shige; Burgard, Sarah A

2008-11-01

311

Ophthalmic Morbidity in School Children in Hilly Areas of Uttarakhand  

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Full Text Available Introduction: School children constitute about one fourth of population of India. Early detection and treatment of various eye diseases helps in avoiding many complications. The magnitude of blindness is 3-4 times greater in developing countries. Very few studies have been conducted in Uttarakhand revealing the ophthalmic morbidity in school children or general population. Hilly areas especially the remote ones face various problems like, poor transportation facilities, distant health facilities, use of traditional methods for treatment, faith healing, customs and belief system, lack of information.  Moreover   water supply, poor personal hygiene and other factors also add up to these problems. Aim: To study the ophthalmic morbidities in school children in 3 schools of Thatyur block. Methodology: It was a cross sectional study. Result: A total of 705 students were enrolled. Permission from school authorities was seeked before the start of study. Schools were visited twice in a week current and preliminary information was taken from the students & teacher regarding education, occupation, income etc. General examination and ophthalmic examination was done with day & torch light along with refraction, with the help of standard Snellen’s chart. Each eye was examined separately. A vision of 6/6 was considered as normal. Near vision was tested with new vision Snellen’s chart at 12-14 inches away from eye.

Surekha Kishore

2014-03-01

312

Formation of concept of decimal system in Mexican school children  

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Full Text Available The present study deals with initial formation of concept of decimal system in second year of education at primary school in Mexico (City of Puebla. Our research is based on Activity Theory conception of teaching-learning process and of gradual introduction of scientific concepts in school age. The method has been designed and worked out with the help of actions in which logic, symbolic, spatial and mathematical aspects were implemented. All actions were introduced within divided activity of children in group guided by adult. A pretest-posttest design was used with an experimental group of Mexican school children. The results showed that children have developed the significant skills necessary for understanding the concept of decimal number system. They were also able to apply this concept for new kind if activity al the end of school year. Such new activity was solving of mathematic problems, which was not included in official school program. We consider that proposed method can be an approximation for solution of common difficulties which arise at primary school concerning teaching of mathematics.

L. Quintanar Rojas

2013-04-01

313

The development of associate learning in school age children.  

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Associate learning is fundamental to the acquisition of knowledge and plays a critical role in the everyday functioning of the developing child, though the developmental course is still unclear. This study investigated the development of visual associate learning in 125 school age children using the Continuous Paired Associate Learning task. As hypothesized, younger children made more errors than older children across all memory loads and evidenced decreased learning efficiency as memory load increased. Results suggest that age-related differences in performance largely reflect continued development of executive function in the context of relatively developed memory processes. PMID:25014755

Harel, Brian T; Pietrzak, Robert H; Snyder, Peter J; Thomas, Elizabeth; Mayes, Linda C; Maruff, Paul

2014-01-01

314

Getting southern Sudanese children to school  

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Full Text Available The Government of Southern Sudan’s Go to School Initiative,supported by UNICEF, which seeks to get 1.6 millionchildren back in school by the end of 2007, incorporateskey elements of the INEE Minimum Standards for Educationin Emergencies, Chronic Crises and Early Reconstruction.

Sibeso Luswata

2006-07-01

315

Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children.  

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Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a population of 3(rd)-5(th) grade students in an urban public school system. Community and school safety were assessed using the School Climate Survey, an annual city-wide assessment of student's perception of school and community safety. Community violence was measured using the Neighborhood Inventory for Environmental Typology, an objective observational assessment of neighborhood characteristics. Academic achievement was measured using the Maryland State Assessment (MSA), a standardized exam given to all Maryland 3(rd)-8(th) graders. School Climate Data and MSA data were aggregated by school and grade. Objective assessments of neighborhood environment and students' self-reported school and neighborhood safety were both strongly associated with academic performance. Increasing neighborhood violence was associated with statistically significant decreases from 4.2%-8.7% in math and reading achievement; increasing perceived safety was associated with significant increases in achievement from 16%-22%. These preliminary findings highlight the adverse impact of perceived safety and community violence exposure on primary school children's academic performance. PMID:21197388

Aj, Milam; Cdm, Furr-Holden; Pj, Leaf

2010-12-01

316

Visiting Again? Subjective Well-Being of Children in Elementary School and Repeated Visits to School Health Nurses  

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Background: Children with vague complaints are without chronic illness, and who repeatedly visit the school nurse may be at risk for limited academic success. This study compares student reports of subjective well-being between children who do and do not repeatedly visit the school nurse with vague complaints. Methods: Children in grades 4 through…

Leaver, Cynthia A.

2014-01-01

317

ASSESSMENT OF BODY MASS INDEX AND HEALTH RELATED FITNESS AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN  

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The present study on body mass index and health related physical fitness of school children was undertaken with the view of portraying the health related fitness profile of school children in Kannur district of Kerala. Data on body mass index and health related fitness according to ICHPER.SD Asia Youth Health Related Fitness test was collected from 1000 school children from different schools of Kannur district, Kerala. The study had sub samples of 250 boys and 250 girls from schools belonging...

ANIL RAMACHANDRAN; NISHAN SINGH DEOL; MANMEET GILL

2009-01-01

318

HEALTH STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICES IN DOIWALA BLOCK, DEHRADUN  

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Background -The introduction of school health services in India dates back to 1909, when school children in the city of Baroda were given the first medical examination. School Health programme ,promoting basic check up of school children for a variety of health related problems, is a systematic effort in raising awareness about health issues among school children and their families. Good health increases enrollment and reduces absenteeism. It also ensures attendance of the poorest and most di...

Rakesh Kakkar; Kandpal, S. D.; Pradeep Aggarwal

2012-01-01

319

Poly-helminth infection in east guatemalan school children  

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Full Text Available Background: Soil transmitted helminths (STH remain a global public health concern in spite of occasional dosing campaigns. Aims: To determine baseline prevalence and intensity of STH infection in east Guatemalan school children, and describe the associated epidemiology of anemia, stunting, and wasting in this population. Setting and design: Ten schools in Izabal province (eastern Guatemala were identified, and 1,001 school children were selected for this study. Half of the schools were used as clinical testing sites (blood and stool. Materials and Methods: Anthropometric measures were collected from all children. Over 300 children were tested for anemia and 229 for helminth infection. Ova and parasite specimens were examined via Direct, Kato Katz, and McMaster techniques. Hemoglobin was measured from venipuncture following the hemacue system. Statistical analysis: Correlation between infection intensities and growth indicators were examined. Chi Square or t tests were used for bivariate analysis. Multiple logistic regression was performed on significant variables from bivariate techniques. Results: Over two-thirds of school children were positive for infection by any STH. Prevalence of Hookworm was 30%; Ascaris, 52%; and Trichuris, 39%, most as low-intensity infection. Over half of the children were co-infected. In bivariate analysis, anemia was significantly associated with polyparasitism. Conclusions: For a Guatemalan child who experiences a unit decrease in hemoglobin, one expects to see a 24% increase in the odds of being infected with STH, controlling for age, sex, lake proximity, and growth characteristics. Infection with more than one STH, despite low intensity, led to a significant decrease in hemoglobin.

Sorensen William

2011-01-01

320

Interparental Conflict and Children’s School Adjustment: The Explanatory Role of Children’s Internal Representations of Interparental and Parent–Child Relationships  

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This study examined how children’s insecure internal representations of interparental and parent–child relationships served as explanatory mechanisms in multiple pathways linking interparental conflict and parent emotional unavailability with the emotional and classroom engagement difficulties the children had in their adjustment to school. With their parents, 229 kindergarten children (127 girls and 102 boys, mean age = 6.0 years, SD = .50, at Wave 1) participated in this multimethod, 3-year longitudinal investigation. Findings revealed that children’s insecure representations of the interparental relationship were a significant intervening mechanism in associations between observational ratings of interparental conflict and child and teacher reports on children’s emotional and classroom difficulties in school over a 2-year period. Moreover, increased parental emotional unavailability accompanying high levels of interparental conflict was associated with children’s insecure representations of the parent–child relationship and children’s difficulties in classroom engagement at school entry. The findings highlight the importance of understanding the intrinsic processes that contribute to difficulties with stage-salient tasks for children who are experiencing interparental discord. PMID:18999330

Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Davies, Patrick T.; Winter, Marcia A.; Cummings, E. Mark; Schermerhorn, Alice

2011-01-01

321

Micronutrient levels and nutritional status of school children living in Northwest Ethiopia  

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Abstract Background Several micronutrients are essential for adequate growth of children. However, little information is available on multiple micronutrient status of school children in Ethiopia. The present study was designed to evaluate the relationship between multiple micronutrient levels and nutritional status among school children. Method In this cross-sectional study, anthropometric data, blood and stool samples were collected from 100 children at Meseret...

Amare Bemnet; Moges Beyene; Fantahun Bereket; Tafess Ketema; Woldeyohannes Desalegn; Yismaw Gizachew; Ayane Tilahun; Yabutani Tomoki; Mulu Andargachew; Ota Fusao; Kassu Afework

2012-01-01

322

Psychiatric Disorder or Impairing Psychology in Children Who Have Been Excluded from School: A Systematic Review  

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When children with special educational needs are excluded from school, it should raise the concern that these children are not receiving adequate help and support. This systematic review aims to identify the prevalence of psychiatric disorder or impairing psychopathology among children who are excluded from school compared to children who are not…

Whear, Rebecca; Marlow, Ruth; Boddy, Kate; Ukoumunne, Obioha C.; Parker, Claire; Ford, Tamsin; Thompson-Coon, Jo; Stein, Ken

2014-01-01

323

The SOS Children's Villages: School Achievement of Subjects Reared in a Permanent Foster Care. Part One.  

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Assesses the school achievement and level of education of 530 children reared in children's villages. Results indicate that school achievement and education level of such children were better than those of children in traditional foster care or with parents from very disadvantaged backgrounds. (RJC)

Dumaret, Annick

1988-01-01

324

Family and neighborhood disadvantage, home environment, and children's school readiness.  

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The purpose of this study was to examine associations between family socioeconomic risk, neighborhood disadvantage, and children's school readiness. A sample of 420 children from 48 early childcare programs yielded multi-informant data. The average age was 55.3 months (SD = 6.4), with 38% of children being Black, non-Hispanic, Hispanic, or other minority race (American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander). One third (32.4%) of the parents had annual incomes less than $30,000. We used multilevel structural equation modeling to test direct and indirect associations among family socioeconomic risk and neighborhood disadvantage and children's cognitive and social-emotional development through home learning environment and parental depression. Children with a greater number of family socioeconomic risks and a higher level of neighborhood disadvantage demonstrated lower scores on cognitive skills. The degree of family socioeconomic risk was indirectly associated with children's cognitive ability through parents' cognitive stimulation at home. Parents who had more family socioeconomic risks and neighborhood disadvantage reported more depressive symptoms, which, in turn, suggested children's greater probability of having social-emotional problems. In other words, home learning environments explained associations between family socioeconomic disadvantage and children's cognitive skills, while parental depression explained associations between family/neighborhood disadvantages and children's social-emotional problems. Results suggest the importance of intervention or prevention strategies for parents to improve cognitive stimulation at home and to reduce depressive symptoms. PMID:25150370

Jeon, Lieny; Buettner, Cynthia K; Hur, Eunhye

2014-10-01

325

Fungal infection risk groups among school children  

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Full Text Available The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between ocurrence of fungi in children and living environment (city - countryside, sex, age, diet, undergone diseases therapy with antibiotics and exposure to hospital environment, and to indicate children potentially vulnerable to fungal infections. The material was consisted of swabs collected from the oral cavily, the throat and the nose of healthy children, aged 6-9 and 10-15, from both urban and rural environmens. Candida albicans, the basic aetiological factor in thc majority of mycoses recorded in humans, unquestionably prevailed in the group of the 13 speciec of yeast-like fungi and yeasts isolated. Records of C. glabrata and C. krusei increasing numbers of whose strains show resistance to basic antimycoties, as well as relatively frequent records of Trichosporon beigelii, Saccharomycopsis capsularis and Saccharomyces sp., fungi whose expansiveness and enzymatic activity have been growing, may be considered disconcerting. Vulnerability to fungal infection increases following anti-bacterial antibiotic therapy in the majority of subjects regardless season or age. This is particularly true primarily of the most stable ontocoenosis of the throat. Younger children, on the other hand, are the most vulnerable foUowing infection of the respiratory system. Fungi are likely to colonise the nose in this case. Children living in the countryside who had been ll immediately prior to the collection of the material constitute the highest risk group of the occurrence of fungi in any of the ontocoenoses studied. A greater number of positive inoculations were recorded in these children in comparison to the children from the city. It may be indicative of a more extensive spectrum of natural reservoirs of fungi and the vectors of their transmission in rural areas than those in the city, lower health hygiene and lower immunity or of a more common carriage of fungi among rural children.

El?bieta Ejdas

2003-12-01

326

Perspectives on traditional Chinese culture, schooling and literacy among Chinese/Taiwanese families and their adaptation to U.S. culture: Four case studies  

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The purpose of the study was to examine how two Taiwanese and two Chinese families adapted to American schooling and parenting while recognizing and honoring their native cultural background. More specifically, the study explores the families' cultural adaptations as defined by differences in language and literacy experiences that go beyond a simple language barrier. ^ In the four case studies, the key participants include four parents and their preschoolers. Data came from interviews and ...

Liu, Wei-chun

2012-01-01

327

A school-based comprehensive lifestyle intervention among chinese kids against obesity (CLICK-Obesity: rationale, design and methodology of a randomized controlled trial in Nanjing city, China  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The prevalence of childhood obesity among adolescents has been rapidly rising in Mainland China in recent decades, especially in urban and rich areas. There is an urgent need to develop effective interventions to prevent childhood obesity. Limited data regarding adolescent overweight prevention in China are available. Thus, we developed a school-based intervention with the aim of reducing excess body weight in children. This report described the study design. Methods/design We designed a cluster randomized controlled trial in 8 randomly selected urban primary schools between May 2010 and December 2013. Each school was randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group (four schools in each group. Participants were the 4th graders in each participating school. The multi-component program was implemented within the intervention group, while students in the control group followed their usual health and physical education curriculum with no additional intervention program. The intervention consisted of four components: a classroom curriculum, (including physical education and healthy diet education, b school environment support, c family involvement, and d fun programs/events. The primary study outcome was body composition, and secondary outcomes were behaviour and behavioural determinants. Discussion The intervention was designed with due consideration of Chinese cultural and familial tradition, social convention, and current primary education and exam system in Mainland China. We did our best to gain good support from educational authorities, school administrators, teachers and parents, and to integrate intervention components into schools’ regular academic programs. The results of and lesson learned from this study will help guide future school-based childhood obesity prevention programs in Mainland China. Trial registration Registration number: ChiCTR-ERC-11001819

Xu Fei

2012-06-01

328

Hyperopia in preschool and school children  

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Full Text Available Hypermetropia (hyperopia is a refractive error of the eye in which parallel light rays focus behind the macula luthea without accommodation giving an unclear retinal image. The involvement of accommodation in correction of far-sightedness leads to the following three clinical types of hyperopia: total, latent and manifest. Minor hyperopias can be successfully corrected by accommodation higher than +3.0D. If not corrected timely, they may cause amblyopia and esotropia, while high hyperopic anisometropia of a hyperopic eye, usually results in an amblyopic eye. The study included 200 children (400 eyes within the age range of 3 to 18 years, and it was done following the assigned protocol in the course of clinical ophthalmologic check-ups. The most frequent refractive error in the examined children was hyperopia with hyperopic astigmatism, while anisometropia was found in 22% of children but the frequency was reduced in older children. Refractive family history was found in 60.50% of children. Hyperopia can result in poor visual development, occurrence of amblyopia and strabismus and therefore it represents a significant public health problem. As one of the most frequent amblyogenic factors in children, it can be eliminated/prevented by a screening program and adequate treatment providing prevention of amblyopia, which is a form of blindness. .

Bolinovska Sofija

2007-01-01

329

Providing Guidance for School Personnel Making Decisions in the Service of School Children with Congenital Heart Disease  

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Due to improved medical procedures, more and more children with congenital heart disease are entering the school system. In order to help both school and health professionals involved in the education of children, we provide a brief review of the literature, review real-life dilemmas that school personnel face on a daily basis, and interpret the…

Roberts, Jillian; MacMath, Sheryl

2006-01-01

330

School-Based Mental Health Program Evaluation: Children's School Outcomes and Acute Mental Health Service Use  

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Background: This study examined the impact of school-based mental health programs on children's school outcomes and the utilization of acute mental health services. Methods: The study sample included 468 Medicaid-enrolled children aged 6 to 17 years who were enrolled 1 of 2 school-based mental health programs (SBMHs) in a metropolitan area…

Kang-Yi, Christina D.; Mandell, David S.; Hadley, Trevor

2013-01-01

331

Korean Immigrant Mothers' Perspectives: The Meanings of a Korean Heritage Language School for Their Children's American Early Schooling Experiences  

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This study examines what a Korean heritage language school means to Korean immigrant families and their children, considering Korean immigrant mothers' perspectives on American early schooling. As part of an ethnographic research project on Korean-American children's peer culture in a heritage school, seven mothers, two guardians (grandmothers),…

Kim, Jinhee

2011-01-01

332

Eating behaviour patterns in Chinese children aged 12-18 months and association with relative weight - factorial validation of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Eating behaviours have been suggested relating to obesity development. The Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ is a parent-report measure constructed to assess multiple dimensions of eating behavior for children. This study aimed to test the validity of the Chinese version of Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ in Chinese children aged 12-18 months. We examined factor structure and the reliability of the Chinese version of the CEBQ, the associations between children's eating behaviours and children's weight (BMI SDS were assessed. Methods 219 questionnaires were filled out by the caregivers, approached in community health care centers in two cities in China. BMI of each child was calculated and converted to BMI SDS. Factor validation (Principal Component Analysis, exploratory factor analysis on all CEBQ items was performed and gender difference in eating behaviours was examined. Correlations between eating behaviours and the child's BMI SDS were analyzed by linear regression analysis controlling for gender, parental combined weight, and education. Results The factor analysis revealed a seven-factor solution, with factor 'food responsiveness' (FR split into two. 'Satiety responsiveness' (SR and 'Enjoyment of food' (EF factors were not detected. Interestingly, boys scored higher than girls in the FR scales, whereas girls had a higher score in 'food fussiness' (FF scale. Conclusions We conclude that although a valuable psychometric instrument, CEBQ might be affected by age and cultural differences. Therefore, adjusting it in order to fit the Chinese population was suggested. We did not find an association between eating behaviours and children's BMI SDS, when it was controlled for gender and parental weight.

Cao Ying-Ting

2012-01-01

333

Hand Washing Practices among School Children in Ghana  

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Full Text Available The high incidence of diarrhoeal diseases and other communicable diseases among children due to poor personal hygiene and sanitation remains a concern on the public health agenda in most countries. To address the problem efficiently, an understanding of the knowledge and practices among target populations is needed to plan and design behavioural interventions. It is against this background that the present study was carried out to determine the hand washing practices among children in private and public school in the Metropolis in the Greater-Accra region of Ghana, with both private and public schools. A total of 295 school children were randomly recruited into the study. The study was cross-sectional in design and used qualitative and quantitative methods to collect data. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on sociodemographics. A check list was used during the observation of hand washing practices and an interview guide was used for the focus group discussions. The results showed that, most school children observed did not practice proper hand washing with soap, both in school and at home due to the unavailability and inaccessibility of hand washing facilities such as soap, towel and clean running water. However, majority (90.2% of those who used the school toilet practiced hand washing with soap after defecation. Private schools were found to be 63% (p = 0.02 less likely to wash their hands after using the toilet, 51% (p = 0.03 less likely to wash their hands before eating and 77% (p<0.001 less likely to wash their hands with soap after eating compared to their public school counterparts. Parents reported the presence of hand washing facilities at home but structured observations during home visits proved otherwise. The need to extend the hand washing campaigns to private schools cannot be overemphasised. It will be useful for the Ghana Education Service to collaborate with all stakeholders; such as Ghana Health Services, National Community on Water and Sanitation Programme, health workers, and the Parents Teacher Associations (PTAs.This union will foster stronger linkages that will pave the way for educating and monitoring the school children for effective hand washing practices.

M. Steiner-Asiedu

2011-07-01

334

Content Analysis of People with Disabilities in Chinese-Language Elementary School Textbooks  

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Full Text Available Textbooks are able to shape the attitude of students. The descriptions of people with disabilities in textbooks would influence students’ attitude to people with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to analyze people with disabilities described in Chinese-language elementary school textbooks, including the prevalence of categories of disabilities, the development of their character, significant others and inclusive education. The results of study include: (1 People with disabilities are significantly underrepresented in Chinese-language elementary school textbooks. The most prevalent disabilities found in textbooks focused on physical disabilities in nature. Four categories of disabilities neglected in textbooks including hearing impairment, autism, emotional disabilities, and developmental retardation. (2 Textbooks tended to emphasize the character development of well-known people with disabilities. (3 Significant others for people with disabilities including parents, teachers, and their peers. (4 Only two compositions regarding to inclusive education in textbooks. The themes focused on the participation of physically and mentally disabled students in class activities and experiencing disabilities.

Tsuey-Ling Lee

2011-06-01

335

Does Poor Handwriting Conceal Literacy Potential in Primary School Children?  

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Handwriting is a complex skill that, despite increasing use of computers, still plays a vital role in education. It is assumed that children will master letter formation at a relatively early stage in their school life, with handwriting fluency developing steadily until automaticity is attained. The capacity theory of writing suggests that as…

McCarney, Debra; Peters, Lynne; Jackson, Sarah; Thomas, Marie; Kirby, Amanda

2013-01-01

336

Epilepsy in School-Aged Children: More than Just Seizures?  

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Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder in childhood and can have a significant impact on a child's schooling. Children with epilepsy may have special educational needs due to having learning disability, specific learning difficulties, specific cognitive deficits or having symptoms associated with ASD, ADHD, depression or anxiety. These…

Reilly, Colin; Ballantine, Rebecca

2011-01-01

337

Peer Acceptance and Black Children's Help-Seeking in School  

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Peer relations, academic competence, and help-seeking behaviors of Black elementary school children were examined. Results indicated that, in comparison to boys, girls were preferred more as helpers, were perceived to be more academically competent, and sought help from peers more often. The distribution of boys and girls across different peer…

Nelson-Le Gall, Sharon

2006-01-01

338

Social Class Differences in Discrimination Transfer in Nursery School Children.  

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A correspondence is suggested between the two different abilities underlying performance on intellectual or learning tasks discussed by Jensen and the two response processes postulated by various mediational models of discrimination learning. To test this, two groups of nursery school children differentiated by the measurable social class of their…

Tyrrell, Donald J.; Brookshire, Kenneth H.

339

Profile of children with poor school performance in Mumbai.  

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We report on the etiology of poor school performance (PSP) in children assessed at a learning disability clinic in western India over 12 months. Specific learning disabilities (dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia) were the commonest cause of PSP (72.76%), followed by borderline intellectual functioning (8.94%), language barrier (8.54%), and mental retardation (4.88%). PMID:23665607

Karande, S; Doshi, B; Thadhani, A; Sholapurwala, R

2013-04-01

340

Lesbian Mothers' Bids for Normalcy in Their Children's Schools  

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Albeit growing in number, lesbian mothers and their children remain a statistical minority in schools. Lesbian mothers in this study described their families as "normal" or "just like any other family." From the perspective of queer theory, normal is a socially constructed and insidious concept. This study analyzes both the strategies participants…

Bower, Laura A.; Klecka, Cari L.

2009-01-01

341

The School Adjustment of Post-Meningitic Children  

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To explore relationships between success in school and infectious childhood disease, 25 children in regular primary grades who had survived laboratory confirmed acute bacterial meningitis prior to 4 years of age without observable sequelae were matched with 25 non-meningitic controls and subjected to intensive multidisciplinary examinations.…

Pate, John E.; And Others

1974-01-01

342

Obesity in School Children with Intellectual Disabilities in France  

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Background: The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of obesity in school children with intellectual disabilities and to determine the most appropriate indicators of obesity measurement. Materials and Methods: The weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio and body fat percentage as measured by…

Salaun, Laureline; Berthouze-Aranda, Sophie

2011-01-01

343

Child Maltreatment among School Children in the Kurdistan Province, Iran  

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Objective: This study examines the determinants of three types of child maltreatment: physical maltreatment, mental maltreatment, and child neglect among school children in the Kurdistan Province of Iran. The analysis examines the impact of socioeconomic, familial, demographic, and household dynamic factors on the three child maltreatment…

Stephenson, Rob; Sheikhattari, Payam; Assasi, Nazilla; Eftekhar, Hassan; Zamani, Qasem; Maleki, Bahram; Kiabayan, Hamid

2006-01-01

344

Re-examining the cognitive phenotype in autism: a study with young Chinese children.  

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Deficits consistently found in autism include an impaired "theory of mind", weak central coherence, and deficits in executive function. The current study examined whether this traditional cluster of symptoms existed in a group of Chinese-speaking children with autism. Sixteen high-functioning, non-retarded children with autism were matched to 16 typically developing (TD) children on gender, non-verbal IQ and age. Non-verbal IQ's of all participants were measured using the Raven Progressive Matrices. Each participant was tested individually on measures of "theory of mind", central coherence and executive function. Results indicated that most, but not all, participants with autism performed significantly poorer on two standard measures of first-order "theory of mind," although there was no significant difference on two other measures of that domain. As expected, they performed significantly worse on executive function tasks. However, the hypothesis of weak central coherence in autism was not substantiated. There was no evidence that these three cognitive impairments co-existed in individuals with autism. More likely, each of these deficits appears singly or in pair instead of forming a cluster. PMID:24171826

Lam, Yan Grace

2013-12-01

345

Prevalence of Parasomnia in School aged Children in Tehran  

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Full Text Available "nObjectives: Parasomnias can create sleep disruption; in this article we assessed parasomnias in school-aged children in Tehran. "nMethods: In spring 2005, a total of 6000 sleep questionnaires were distributed to school-aged children in 5 districts of Tehran (Iran. A modified Pediatrics sleep questionnaire with 34 questions was used. "nResults: Parasomnias varied from 0.5% to 5.7% among the subjects as follows: 2.7% sleep talking, 0.5% sleepwalking, 5.7% bruxism, 2.3% enuresis, and nightmare 4%. A group of children showed parasomnias occasionally- this was 13.1% for sleep talking, 1.4% for sleepwalking, 10.6% for bruxism, 3.1% for enuresis and 18.4% for nightmares. "nConclusion: A high proportion of children starting school suffer from sleep problems. In many cases this is a temporary, developmentally related phenomenon, but in 6% of the children the disorder is more serious and may be connected with various stress factors and further behavioral disturbances.

Morteza Naserbakht

2011-06-01

346

Multilevel Analyses of School and Children's Characteristics Associated with Physical Activity  

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Background: Children spend most of their awake time at school, and it is important to identify individual and school-level correlates of their physical activity (PA) levels. This study aimed to identify the between-school variability in Portuguese children PA and to investigate student and school PA correlates using multilevel modeling. Methods:…

Gomes, Thayse Natacha; dos Santos, Fernanda K.; Zhu, Weimo; Eisenmann, Joey; Maia, José A. R.

2014-01-01

347

ATTITUDES OF HEALTHY CHILDREN PARENTS TOWARDS HANDICAPPED CHILDREN AT THE PRE-SCHOOL AGE  

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Full Text Available Since the 1970-ties, in the USA and Western and Eastern Europe, the model of segregated education has been abandoned, and nowadays the handicapped children attend regular schools all together with other healthy pupils. This , so called Integrative Pedagogy, proceeds from the mental hygiene aspects according to which the restrictive environment in special schools has not been a favorable one for the development of those children.The integrational process of these children in preschool institutions and schools has rather been difficult due to a number of reasons. As one of them, already mentioned and found in literature , has been the negative attitude of non-handicapped children parents towards those handicapped in their development.The problem of this research is to check and test the attitude of healthy children parents towards handicapped children at preschool age. This research shall also tend to analyze the origin of the such attitudes i. e. , whether they have been a result of an insufficient information and ignorance of the obstacles during development, or been produced by imitation of the environment, or due to an empathy, or even because of the fear that “ such a thing better never enter their home”, etc.We sincerely believe that, revealing the above parents’ attitudes and their origin, would certainly bring finding ways of their successful socialization and making the integrational process of handicapped children with their normal mates in preschool institutions easier.

Ruzica KERAMICIEVA

1997-03-01

348

The association between CCL2 polymorphisms and drug-resistant epilepsy in Chinese children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy remains a major challenge, affecting approximately 30% of epilepsy patients. More recently, immunity and inflammation are considered to be key elements of epilepsy. Targeting brain inflammation may represent a novel therapeutic strategy for epilepsy and refractory epilepsy. In this study, we investigated the association of a tag SNP of the CCL2 gene, rs1024611 (originally designated as -2578G>A or -2518G>A) with drug-resistant epilepsy in Chinese children with epilepsy. We enrolled 484 epilepsy patients, including 98 drug-resistant patients and 386 drug-responsive patients. The rs1024611 was genotyped by PCR-RPLP. The rs1024611 AA genotype was associated with a greater susceptibility to drug-resistant epilepsy (p=0.008; OR=2.51, 95% CI: 1.33-4.72), adjusted for age, sex, and seizure type, and the association remained significant after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing (pCCL2 genetic polymorphism is associated with drug-resistant epilepsy in Chinese paediatric patients. PMID:23996681

He, Xuelian; Li, Ying; Liu, Zhisheng; Yue, Xin; Zhao, Peiwei; Hu, Jiasheng; Wu, Gefei; Mao, Bing; Sun, Dan; Zhang, Huanian; Song, Xinwen; Wang, Yang; Shao, Jianbo

2013-09-01

349

Audiometry and tympanometry in children throughout one school year.  

Science.gov (United States)

One hundred children had audiometry and tympanometry testing every two to three weeks throughout 38 weeks of a school year. The results showed an average prevalence of some abnormality in 62% and that the abnormal group was constantly changing. Abnormal episodes had a median duration of three to four weeks and a mean of six weeks. Thirty-nine percent of the children had more than one episode. Comparisons were made between the different measures of hearing and middle-ear function and between these and educational tests of intelligence, language and school achievement. Educational deficit was related most closely to total decibel loss. Four screening models were designed to allow economical use of testers' time. Resultant test patterns were related to two to three week testing and to educational test results. The closest correlation with educational test results proved to be an audiogram pass/fail screen each school term. PMID:6575311

West, S R; Harris, B J

1983-08-10

350

Sleep problems, strengths and difficulties in elementary school children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: To assess behavioral and sleep disturbances in childhood, it is necessary to implement standardized brief questionnaires for children and their parents. Especially complaints of insomnia often are underdiagnosed in pediatric medicine. Methods: We developed a sleep questionnaire (K?SI-KJ and used it together with German versions of the SDQ (parent and child reports for epidemiologic studies in Cologne. The sleep questionnaire obtains 33 items for parents and 28 items for children. Ratings were dichotomized for this analysis in “sometimes/ often present” versus “not present”. The German versions of SDQ contain 5 subscales each with 5 items. Data from a sample of 1490 children of fourth grade in elementary schools inCologne(age ranged from 8 to 11 years are shown. Results: Children indicate signs of sleep disturbances in higher frequency than their parents do. Concerning gender and ethnical group, there no significant differences can be shown. Children with signs of insomnia, dyssomnia, daytime sleepiness or restless sleep showed significantly higher scores for all relevant SDQ subscales in parental and children's reports. Children with signs of parasomnia showed higher scores concerning emotional problems and the SDQ total score. Children with enuresis showed higher scores for all SDQ subscales and the total score.

Leonie Fricke-Oerkermann

2013-08-01

351

The Joint Effects of Risk Status, Gender, Early Literacy and Cognitive Skills on the Presence of Dyslexia among a Group of High-Risk Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study sought to examine factors that are predictive of future developmental dyslexia among a group of 5-year-old Chinese children at risk for dyslexia, including 62 children with a sibling who had been previously diagnosed with dyslexia and 52 children who manifested clinical at-risk factors in aspects of language according to testing by…

Wong, Simpson W. L.; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Lam, Catherine; Chan, Becky; Lam, Fanny W. F.; Doo, Sylvia

2012-01-01

352

Use of Orthographic Knowledge in Reading by Chinese-English Bi-Scriptal Children  

Science.gov (United States)

We tested Chinese-English bi-scriptal fourth-graders on reading aloud and comprehension in Chinese and English and their understanding of some structural principles underlying Chinese orthography. These principles concern phonological and semantic representation in written Chinese. Regressions showed that knowledge about phonological…

Cheung, Him; Chan, Miranda; Chong, Karen

2007-01-01

353

Academic Activities after School That Help Secondary School Children’s Cognitive Development through Hermeneutic Analysis  

OpenAIRE

This research is an effort to look into academic activities after school that help secondary school students in cognition development through Hermeneutic analyse for students of Pantai Remis Secondary School, Perak. This research is also to show that Hermeneutic understanding method can be applied effectively to identify academic activities after school that help secondary school students in their cognition development. This research involved 20 secondary school students from Form 1 to Form 3...

Suppiah Nachiappan; Veeramani Marimuthu; Hari Krishnan Andi; Veeran, Velayudhan P. K.

2012-01-01

354

Measuring health-related quality of life in children with cancer living in mainland China: feasibility, reliability and validity of the Chinese mandarin version of PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales and 3.0 Cancer Module  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL is widely used instrument to measure pediatric health-related quality of life (HRQOL for children aged 2 to 18 years. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the feasibility, reliability and validity of the Chinese mandarin version of the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales and 3.0 Cancer Module in a group of Chinese children with cancer. Methods The PedsQL 4.0 Genetic Core Scales and the PedsQL 3.0 Cancer Module were administered to children with cancer (aged 5-18 years and parents of such children (aged 2-18 years. For comparison, a survey on a demographically group-matched sample of the general population with children (aged 5-18 and parents of children (aged 2-18 years was conducted with the PedsQL 4.0 Genetic Core Scales. Result The minimal mean percentage of missing item responses (except the School Functioning scale supported the feasibility of the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales and 3.0 Cancer Module for Chinese children with cancer. Most of the scales showed satisfactory reliability with Cronbach's ? of exceeding 0.70, and all scales demonstrated sufficient test-retest reliability. Assessing the clinical validity of the questionnaires, statistically significant difference was found between healthy children and children with cancer, and between children on-treatment versus off-treatment ?12 months. Positive significant correlations were observed between the scores of the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scale and the PedsQL 3.0 Cancer Module. Exploratory factor analysis demonstrated sufficient factorial validity. Moderate to good agreement was found between child self- and parent proxy-reports. Conclusion The findings support the feasibility, reliability and validity of the Chinese Mandarin version of PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales and 3.0 Cancer Module in children with cancer living in mainland China.

Ji Yi

2011-11-01

355

Stories of self:tracking children’s identity and wellbeing through the school years  

OpenAIRE

A longitudinal study in which the researcher has worked with the participants over so many years is rare and remarkable. This is a fascinating portrayal of five children as they grow up from the age of 3 to 17. It creates a window into their internal lives and provides an unusually detailed view of intrapersonal development, focusing specifically on the construction of personal identity throughout their years at school. The words of the children dominate the pages - they talk about who they b...

Warin, Jo

2010-01-01

356

School playground facilities as a determinant of children's daily activity:a cross-sectional study of Danish primary school children  

OpenAIRE

Background Previous work has suggested that the number of permanent play facilities in school playgrounds and school-based policies on physical activity can influence physical activity in children. However, few comparable studies have used objective measures of physical activity or have had little adjustment for multiple confounders. Methods Physical activity was measured by accelerometry over 5 recess periods and 3 full school days in 441 children from 16 primary schools in Dunedin, New Ze...

Nielsen, Glen; Bugge, Anna; Hermansen, Bianca; Svensson, Jesper; Andersen, Lars Bo

2011-01-01

357

How do children at special schools and their parents perceive their HRQoL compared to children at open schools?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background There has been some debate in the past as to who should determine values for different health states for economic evaluation. The aim of this study was to compare the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL in children attending open schools (OS and children with disabilities attending a special school (SS and their parents in Cape Town South Africa. Methods The EQ-5D-Y and a proxy version were administered to the children and their parents were requested to fill in the EQ-5D-Y proxy version without consultation with their children on the same day. Results A response rate of over 20% resulted in 567 sets of child/adult responses from OS children and 61 responses from SS children. Children with special needs reported more problems in the "Mobility" and "Looking after myself" domains but their scores with regard to "Doing usual activities", "Pain or discomfort" and "Worried, sad or unhappy" were similar to their typically developing counterparts. The mean Visual Analogue Scale (VAS score of SS children was (88.4, SD18.3, range 40-100 which was not different to the mean score of the OS respondents (87.9, SD16.5, range 5-100. The association between adult and child scores was fair to moderate in the domains. The correlations in VAS scores between Open Schools children and female care-givers' scores significant but low (r = .33, p Discussion It would appear that children with disabilities do not perceive their HRQoL to be worse than their able bodied counterparts, although they do recognise their limitations in the domains of "Mobility" and "Doing usual activities". Conclusions This finding lends weight to the argument that valuation of health states by children affected by these health states should not be included for the purpose of economic analysis as the child's resilience might result in better values for health states and possibly a correspondingly smaller resource allocation. Conversely, if HRQoL is to be used as a clinical outcome, then it is preferable to include the children's values as proxy report does not appear to be highly correlated with the child's own perceptions.

Ramma Lebogang

2010-07-01

358

Use of traditional Chinese medicine in Singapore children: perceptions of parents and paediatricians.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

INTRODUCTION: In a country dominated by western healthcare, interest in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is growing. The increasing popularity of TCM, occasionally used with conventional medicine, needs to be assessed, especially in a vulnerable paediatric population. This paper sought to evaluate the use of TCM in children, mainly to determine the common conditions they seek TCM, the pattern of acupuncture or herbal usage for various age groups, the extent of concurrent usage of TCM and conventional medicine, and the reasons for TCM use. Paediatricians\\' perceptions of TCM will allow us to gauge the acceptability of TCM by those who practise conventional medicine. These are assessed in another arm of this study, with a set of predictive characteristics for their personal TCM use, their perceptions of herb\\/acupuncture safety, and their own referral to TCM eventually determined. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was administered on 300 parents awaiting consultation at a large TCM clinic. Next, a separate qualitative questionnaire survey form was posted to 100 paediatricians. RESULTS: Herb usage in children is very common (84.3 percent) and 80 percent of parents admitted concurrent usage of TCM and conventional medicine for their children. Drug-herb interactions was an issue of concern for paediatricians. Paediatricians with a higher level of self-reported TCM knowledge were more likely to refer for a cure. CONCLUSION: This was the first study to determine the characteristics of children attending a large TCM clinic in a country which is dominated by western healthcare. It also provided insight into the perceptions of TCM among paediatricians in Singapore. Specifically, it gave us an idea of the predictor traits that determine their referral patterns to TCM and their perceptions of herb and acupuncture safety.

Loh, C H

2009-12-01

359

Impact of Parent’s Socioeconomic Status on Perceived Parental Pressure and Test Anxiety among Chinese High School Students  

OpenAIRE

This study carries out empirical researches among Mainland Chinese high school students to explore the impactof parent’s socioeconomic status on perceived parental pressure and test anxiety. The discoveries of the studyinclude: perceived parental pressure has significant impact on test anxiety; parents’ occupations, parents’ incomeand mother’s education have significant impact on perceived parental pressure; parents’ occupations, parents’income and mothe...

Huilin Chen

2012-01-01

360

Data Analysis of Chinese Characters in Primary School Corpora of Hong Kong and Mainland China: Preliminary Theoretical Interpretations  

Science.gov (United States)

Metalinguistic awareness (an awareness about the structure of orthography) had been considered vital for reading acquisition. The awareness of phonological regularity and consistency had been found in advanced readers in recent research. Evidence based on simplified Chinese suggested the effect of semantic transparency on reading in school

Chung, Flora Hoi-Ki; Leung, Man-Tak

2008-01-01

361

A Comparative Study of Effect of New and Old Science Curriculum on Chinese Junior High School Students' Abstract Thinking  

Science.gov (United States)

"Teenagers' abstract thinking ability test" was designed in accordance with the structure and performance of teenagers' ability to think abstractly. 138 Chinese junior high school students who learned New curriculum and old curriculum separately were measured. A comparison between the two kinds of students shows that abstract thinking ability of…

Hu, Weiping; Chen, Ming

2008-01-01

362

Second Language and Literacy Learning in School and at Home: An Ethnographic Study of Chinese Canadian First Graders' Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on the theoretical perspectives of socio-constructivism and language socialization, this study reports two Chinese Canadian first grader's experiences of language and literacy learning in and out of school in a unique sociocultural setting where they were "the mainstream." The article examines the students' reading and writing practices in…

Li, Guofang

2007-01-01

363

Chinese Children’s Literature in the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976)  

OpenAIRE

In China’s Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), childhood was portrayed as a battlefield in which opposing classes strived to fulfil the political impetus of training their heirs. In order to represent the new socialist morality, the few stories produced for children had to shift their focus to the space of the adult world, where there were more activities of “revolution” and “class struggle”. Consequently in these stories, the child protagonists talked and behaved like adult polit...

Bi, Lijun

2013-01-01

364

Evaluating schooling system. The role of international assessments of children’s learning.  

OpenAIRE

Large scale international assessments of student learning achievement, providing comparable measures of competencies, school variables, and indicators of family background across countries and schooling systems, have given a great impulse to the empirical educational research. Purpose of this paper is to review the contribution of these surveys to the evaluation of educational policies with respect to quality of the instruction and equality of opportunity between children with different famil...

Contini, Dalit

2011-01-01

365

Prevalence of sleep problems and habits in a sample of Saudi primary school children  

OpenAIRE

Background: Sleep problems in children vary not only with age, but also with ethnic and sociocultural background. No research has been conducted to assess sleep problems in Saudi elementary school children. This study surveyed parents (or guardians) about their elementary school children?s sleep to assess the prevalence of certain sleep problems. Methods: The study population comprised boys and girls attending regular public elementary schools in all grades and was conduc...

BaHammam Ahmed; AlFaris Eiad; Shaikh Shaffi; Saeed Abdulaziz

2006-01-01

366

Staging an educated self : Linguistic displays of schooling among rural Zambian children  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article explores local meanings of schooling as displayed by 7-12 year old children in a rural Zambian community. Applying linguisticanthropological analyses of their peer interactions, the author discusses symbolic reworkings of schooling and ‘educatedness’ among children frequently labeled as ‘slow’ or ‘backwards’ in the classroom setting. The discussion includes the apparent disparities between the tangible and symbolic roles of school in the context of these children’s lifeworlds and future horizons.

Clemensen, Nana

2013-01-01

367

Snoring in primary school children and domestic environment: A Perth school based study  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The home is the predominant environment for exposure to many environmental irritants such as air pollutants and allergens. Exposure to common indoor irritants including volatile organic compounds, formaldehyde and nitrogen dioxide, may increase the risk of snoring for children. The aim of this study was to investigate domestic environmental factors associated with snoring in children. Methods A school-based respiratory survey was administered...

Lee Andy H; Rumchev Krassi; Spickett Jeffery; Zhang Guicheng; Stick Stephen

2004-01-01

368

Comparison of three school feeding strategies for primary school children in an informal settlement in Gauteng, South Africa  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study was to compare the impact of three school feeding strategies on the nutritional status of primary school children aged six to 13 in an informal settlement in Gauteng.

The methods included dietary surveys and anthropometric and biochemical measurements of a sample of 160 primary school children allocated to three different school feeding intervention groups. One group (n=60) received a whole wheat pilchard and spinach vetkoek, a second received food according to t...

Jeanette Kearney; Wilna Oldewage-Theron; Carin Napier

2009-01-01

369

Evacuation of Children : Focusing on daycare centers and elementary schools  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Saving human lives is the highest priority in case of fire, according to fire codes around the world. Codes state that everyone should be able to escape to safety in case of fire. In order to design buildings that enable this the available safe egress time (ASET) must be held up against the required safe egress time (RSET). In theory if the ASET is larger than RSET everyone gets out safely. Different calculation methods are used for the determination of both times. Results of the calculations can however never be more accurate than the data they are based on. The aim of this project is to provide new data and information on children’s evacuation, which is a step towards including children in evacuation models and calculations. Little is known about children’s evacuation characteristics in fire compared to other parts of the population. In recent years there has been more focus on children’s evacuation which is reflected in a rising number of publications on the topic. This thesis comprises evacuation experiments in daycares for children 0-6 years old and elementary schools for children aged 6-15 years. Full scale evacuations were filmed allowing detailed data analysis. Findings and results include elements of three different areas, namely measurable parameters such as travel speed and flow though doors, human behavior such as choice of route and actions and processes such as evacuation procedures and warning methods. These areas are all related and influence each other, making it hard to isolate single factors and findings. Although an engineering approach fits best to the measurable parameters, the other areas are at least equally important when investigating or predicting children’s evacuation. The key findings of the thesis are: Children are very dependent on adults for initiating and carrying through an evacuation where the youngest children need the most assistance in both phases. Self preservation i.e. where children descended stairs unassisted, was less than 25 % for children aged 0-2 years but over 85 % for children aged 3-6 years. Warning method influenced pre-evacuation time, indicating that an alarm with audio signal is preferable to a light signal only or no alarm at all. Children’s evacuation cannot be described using adults’ evacuation models throughout. Young children are slower than adults and travel speed increases with age. At the age of 12 years children can be described using adults’ travel parameters on stairs. Children generally achieved higher person densities and flow rates than adults. The flow rate increased with age until the age of 12 years where it started lowering, approaching theoretical values for adults. Children used the whole width of doors and stairs where needed, not leaving a boundary layer as the theory for adults suggests. Handrails were frequently used by both age groups in the daycare centers, more when walking on their own than when assisted. It was found that children using a low handrail achieved on average a 23.5% higher travel speed than those using a handrail designed for adults. Training has a positive effect on evacuation time and process. Fire drills showed weaknesses in evacuation procedures which could be revised accordingly. Although a number of findings have been made and new data has been provided there is need for further research on the topic. Suggestions include data collection as well as further use of the existing video material, for answering unanswered questions and validating the current results.

Larusdottir, Aldis Run

2014-01-01

370

Analyses of body composition charts among younger and older Chinese children and adolescents aged 5 to 18 years  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Childhood obesity has become a major public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of age and sex on the relationship between fat-free mass (FFM and fat mass (FM, fat-free mass index (FFMI and fat mass index (FMI in Chinese children using body composition chart analysis, and to compare the changing pattern with Caucasian and Japanese counterparts. Methods A total of 1458 children (790 boys and 668 girls between 5 and 18 years of age were studied to determine a body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis. The relationship of FFM and FM, FFMI and FMI were delineated by body composition charts. Results Different changing patterns in body composition were observed during 5-11y (younger age group, and 12-18y (older age group, with non-significant sex difference with FM and FMI for the younger age group and significant sex and age differences for the older age group. For the younger age group, simultaneous increase of FFM and FM was found in both genders. However, for the older age group, the increase in weight and BMI with age is largely due to the increment of FFM and FFMI in boys, and of FM and FMI in girls. In addition, different changing patterns in body composition exist between Chinese children and their Caucasian and Japanese counterparts, largely due to the higher fat mass component in Chinese subjects. Conclusions Our results indicate that age- and gender-related changing patterns of body composition in Chinese children may differ at different growth stage, and differ with those in Caucasian and Japanese children at the same age period. Such changing patterns should be considered when designing the intervention proposal for childhood obesity in China.

Xiong Kai-Yu

2012-10-01

371

Mental Adaptation Problems of Children in a Primary School  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: This study was carried out on explanatory purposes to determine psychological compliance state of the children between age group 6-14, receiving education in a primary school province and how common some psychological infancy problems are. METHODS: The samples of the research consist of mothers and teachers of 255 children between age group 6-14, receiving education in a primary school in Sivas province. ?Personal Information Form? and ?Psychological Compliance Measurement? were used in the collection of data. RESULTS: According to the evaluation of teachers it was found out that while %27.5 of the children has psychological compliance problems. According to the evaluation of mothers, it was obtained that only 24.7% of the children has psychological compliance problems. The average compliance points were found higher in boys than girls, in younger age group than older age group, in group having physical disorders than not having any physical disorders. In the research a meaningful difference was not found when the average psychological compliance points and other variables were compared. When infancy psychological compliance problems evaluated, in 2.3% of the children stammer, in 3.1% habit-spasm disorder, in 7% finger sucking, in 1.9% encopresis, in 9% enuresis, and in 19.6 educational failures were determined. When the state of being problematical in behaviors and neurotic compared with the gender, it was traced that behavioral problems were higher in boys (59.5% than girls (40.5% and the neurotic problems were higher in girls (56. 3% than boys (56.3%. CONCLUSION: Consequently, it was recognized that improvement of the services for the psychological care of the children in the society and primary schools is crucially needed. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(1: 47-52

Selma Dogan

2008-02-01

372

Mental Adaptation Problems of Children in a Primary School  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: This study was carried out on explanatory purposes to determine psychological compliance state of the children between age group 6-14, receiving education in a primary school province and how common some psychological infancy problems are. METHODS: The samples of the research consist of mothers and teachers of 255 children between age group 6-14, receiving education in a primary school in Sivas province. ?Personal Information Form? and ?Psychological Compliance Measurement? were used in the collection of data. RESULTS: According to the evaluation of teachers it was found out that while %27.5 of the children has psychological compliance problems. According to the evaluation of mothers, it was obtained that only 24.7% of the children has psychological compliance problems. The average compliance points were found higher in boys than girls, in younger age group than older age group, in group having physical disorders than not having any physical disorders. In the research a meaningful difference was not found when the average psychological compliance points and other variables were compared. When infancy psychological compliance problems evaluated, in 2.3% of the children stammer, in 3.1% habit-spasm disorder, in 7% finger sucking, in 1.9% encopresis, in 9% enuresis, and in 19.6 educational failures were determined. When the state of being problematical in behaviors and neurotic compared with the gender, it was traced that behavioral problems were higher in boys (59.5% than girls (40.5% and the neurotic problems were higher in girls (56. 3% than boys (56.3%. CONCLUSION: Consequently, it was recognized that improvement of the services for the psychological care of the children in the society and primary schools is crucially needed. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2008; 7(1.000: 47-52

Selma Dogan

2008-02-01

373

Nocturnal asthma in school children of south punjab, pakistan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At the present time, the epidemiology of the childhood asthma is of considerable interest. There is an understandable concern that changes in the geographical area, lifestyle, and environment. This study was conducted to find the prevalence of nocturnal asthma, in school children of south Punjab, Pakistan. It was a cross sectional, questionnaire based, descriptive survey of the children aged 3-18 years, in randomly selected primary and secondary schools, from October 2002 to March 2003. The data was analysed with Statistical Analysis System (SAS). Of 6120 questionnaire sent to the parents/guardians, we received 3180 back (52%). Of the 3180 respondents, 1767 (56%) were for boys and 1413 (44%) were for girls. The median age was 8.25 years. Around 71% of children were between 4 to 11 years of age. The parents reported nocturnal asthma in 177 (6%) of their children with an equal prevalence in boys and girls, i.e., (3% each, rounded off to nearest whole number). Of these 177 children with nocturnal asthma, 99 (56%) were boys and 78 (44%) were girls. Of the 1767 boys and 1413 girls, the nocturnal asthma reported by parents was 6% each (99 and 78 respectively). The nocturnal asthma was not reported in 14-18 years age group of females. The asthma is taken as a stigma in our society and as such is not reported or disclosed rather denied. An extensive educational media campaign is required for awareness of the masses. (author)

374

Molecular analysis of Streptococcus pyogenes strains isolated from Chinese children with pharyngitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Streptococcus pyogenes is an important gram-positive bacterial pathogen that causes various human diseases, of which streptococcal pharyngitis is the most common. In this work, a total of 185 S. pyogenes isolated from Chinese children with pharyngitis was analyzed by superantigen (SAg) genes, emm genotyping, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Fifty-eight (31.4%) isolates were also typed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). The results indicate that most of the emm1 isolates possessed speA (88.5%) and speJ (83.6%), and few isolates possessed speI gene (13.1%). In contrast, none of the emm12-type isolates possessed speJ; few isolates possessed speA (5.2%); and most of the isolates possessed speI (91.7%). PFGE analysis revealed 25 different clusters, and MLST was performed for 2 predominant emm-type isolates; emm12 isolates belonged to ST36 while emm1 isolates belonged to ST28. As far as this collection is concerned, emm1 and emm12 are the prevalent genotypes among S. pyogenes strains associated with children's pharyngitis in China. Most of the pharyngitis strains can be covered by a 26-valent vaccine. A strong correspondence is found only in the direction of emm type for both SAg profiles and PFGE types but not in the reverse direction. PMID:21251553

Chang, Hesheng; Shen, Xuzhuang; Huang, Guoying; Fu, Zhou; Zheng, Yuejie; Wang, Libo; Li, Chengrong; Liu, Lan; Shen, Ying; Liu, Xiaorong; Yang, Yonghong

2011-02-01

375

Children's Advancement Through School in Brazil: The Role of Transitory Shocks to Household Income  

OpenAIRE

This paper investigates the effects of short-run economic shocks on children`s progress through school in urban Brazil using a unique panel data set. The severe problem of grade repetition in Brazil contributes to overall low education levels. Of children ages 10-15 who are enrolled in school, only 69 percent advance on average to the next grade. This paper investigates whether children`s effort on schoolwork is diminished when parents experience a transitory shock to income.

Duryea, Suzanne

1998-01-01

376

Factor structure of functional state of primary school age children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The examination of primary school children to determine the ranking of significant factors that determine the structure of their functional state depending on the level of physical health. It is shown that the main factor in the structure of the functional state of younger schoolchildren in low-and lower-middle level of physical fitness is selected morpho-functional status, which characterizes the functions of the body at rest. For children with average or above average level of physical fitness is a leading factor in physical fitness of schoolchildren.

Davidenko O.V.

2011-02-01

377

Asymptomatic Giardiasis in school children in Rey city  

OpenAIRE

This cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken to know the rate of intestinal parasites infestations in our school children population. A sum of 1155 fecal samples were analyzed from an equal number of children whose age were between 6-11 years old. The percentage of infestations were: Giardia lamblia (14.11%), hymenolepis nana (1.21%), ascaris lumbricoides (0.08%) and enterobius vermicularis (0.08%). We found no differences with regard to sex, age, father and mother levels of educatio...

Rafiei M; Torkaman M; Sharbatdar Alaei MR

2000-01-01

378

Predictors of Prosocial Behavior among Chinese High School Students in Hong Kong  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the correlates and predictors of prosocial behavior among Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. A sample of 518 high school students responded to a questionnaire containing measures of antisocial and prosocial behavior, prosocial norms, pragmatic values, moral reasoning, and empathy. Preliminary analyses showed that there were gender differences in some of the measures. While correlation analyses showed that parental education, prosocial norms, pragmatic values, moral reasoning, and empathy were related to prosocial behavior, regression analyses showed that prosocial norms, pragmatic values, and empathy dimensions (personal distress and empathy) were key predictors of it. The findings are largely consistent with theoretical predictions and previous research findings, other than the negative relationship between personal distress and prosocial behavior. The study also underscores the importance of values and norms in predicting prosocial behavior, which has been largely neglected in previous studies. PMID:22919326

Siu, Andrew M. H.; Shek, Daniel T. L.; Lai, Frank H. Y.

2012-01-01

379

Psychomotor availability for school education of 5-6 year old children.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The relation of physical and mental development of senior preschool children is examined. The received results indicate the necessity of formation management program psychomotor level of availability for schooling with physical education means. The research involved 61 children (33 boys and 28 girls. The school availability by Kern-Irasek test is attained 37,7% of children, 42,6% have a middle school availability and 19,7% are immature. The "Cut the circle" method was performed by 52% of children. The general assessment shows only 48% of children have sufficient availability for school education.

Leschinska K.O.

2010-11-01

380

TO ASSESS THE KNOWLEDGE OF SCHOOL CHILDREN REGARDING PREVENTION OF DENTAL CARIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Dental caries is the single most common chronic childhood disease which affects children. Prevalence of dental caries is five times more common than asthma and seven times common than hay fever and it is very high in developing countries. The study was carried out to assess the knowledge of school children regarding prevention of dental caries. In this study we found that urban school children have more knowledge on dental caries than rural school children and significant association between the knowledge of children in urban and rural school.

Archana Singh* and Prabhakar S Bais

2014-05-01

381

VEGETARIAN FOOD FOR PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN  

OpenAIRE

In the thesis entitled A vegetarian diet of preschool children, the original purpose of eating is presented, to provide the energy and nutritional needs of the organism and the smooth functioning of the immune sistem. The content is focused on the causes or motives of people, parents, who have opted for a vegetarian diet. Parents are the ones who choose to prepare and offer food to the child. They play an important role and watch over nutritional needs of the organism and the smooth functioni...

Letnar, Sara

2012-01-01

382

The Effect of Eco-Schools on Children's Environmental Values and Behaviour  

Science.gov (United States)

The study examines the effectiveness of eco-schools concerning their students' environmental values and environmental behaviour, and includes 1287 children from fifty-nine schools (thirty-eight eco-schools and twenty-one control schools) in Flanders. Controlling for effects of gender and socio-economic status, analyses show that eco-schools have…

Boeve-de Pauw, Jelle; Van Petegem, Peter

2013-01-01

383

HIV-Affected Children and Adolescents: What School Social Workers Should Know.  

Science.gov (United States)

Provides an overview of issues facing HIV-affected children and adolescents and aims to help school social workers become better equipped to recognize the secondary effects of the AIDS epidemic among HIV-affected children. Concludes with recommendations for addressing the needs of HIV-affected children and adolescents through school social work.…

Gilbert, Dorie J.

2001-01-01

384

Parents' Involvement in Children's Schooling: A Multidimensional Conceptualization and Motivational Model.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined the relationship between parental involvement in their children's schooling and children's motivation and academic achievement. Subjects were of 300 11- to 14-year-olds. Data from parent, student, and teacher evaluations suggest that parental involvement manifests itself in many ways. Children who are confident in school may actually push…

Grolnick, Wendy S.; Slowiaczek, Maria L.

1994-01-01

385

Including Children with Selective Mutism in Mainstream Schools and Kindergartens: Problems and Possibilities  

Science.gov (United States)

There is little research on inclusion of children with selective mutism in school/kindergarten. Moreover, few studies have tried to understand selectively mute children's interactions in the natural surroundings of their home and school/kindergarten. Five children meeting the DSM-IV criteria for selective mutism were video-observed in social…

Omdal, Heidi

2008-01-01

386

Applying Hierarchical Linear Models (HLM) to Estimate the School and Children's Effects on Reading Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to illustrate the use of Hierarchical Linear Models (HLM) to investigate the effects of school and children's attributes on children' reading achievement. In particular, this study was designed to: (1) develop the HLM models to determine the effects of school-level and child-level variables on children's reading…

Liu, Xing

2008-01-01

387

Us and Them--Children's Identity Work and Social Geography in a Swedish School Yard  

Science.gov (United States)

The article focusses on constructions of social identities in school and how children in their identity work (re-)construct common and segregated places in the school yard. Data were drawn from an ethnographic research in the daily lives of children aged 11-13. The fieldwork consisted of traditional ethnographic field work as well as children's…

Gustafson, Katarina

2009-01-01

388

Enhancing schools' capacity to support children in poverty: an ecological model of school-based mental health services.  

Science.gov (United States)

School based mental health services for children in poverty can capitalize on schools' inherent capacity to support development and bridge home and neighborhood ecologies. We propose an ecological model informed by public health and organizational theories to refocus school based services in poor communities on the core function of schools to promote learning. We describe how coalescing mental health resources around school goals includes a focus on universal programming, mobilizing indigenous school and community resources, and supporting core teaching technologies. We suggest an iterative research-practice approach to program adaptation and implementation as a means toward advancing science and developing healthy children. PMID:18581225

Cappella, Elise; Frazier, Stacy L; Atkins, Marc S; Schoenwald, Sonja K; Glisson, Charles

2008-09-01

389

Enhancing Schools’ Capacity to Support Children in Poverty: An Ecological Model of School-Based Mental Health Services  

Science.gov (United States)

School based mental health services for children in poverty can capitalize on schools’ inherent capacity to support development and bridge home and neighborhood ecologies. We propose an ecological model informed by public health and organizational theories to refocus school based services in poor communities on the core function of schools to promote learning. We describe how coalescing mental health resources around school goals includes a focus on universal programming, mobilizing indigenous school and community resources, and supporting core teaching technologies. We suggest an iterative research–practice approach to program adaptation and implementation as a means toward advancing science and developing healthy children. PMID:18581225

Frazier, Stacy L.; Atkins, Marc S.; Schoenwald, Sonja K.; Glisson, Charles

2013-01-01

390

Pre-school Children’s Food Habits and Meal Situation : Factors Influencing the Dietary Intake at Pre-school in a Swedish Municipality  

OpenAIRE

A pre-school-based dietary survey, using seven-day records, focus group interviews and semi-structured interviews, was carried out in a suburban area of Stockholm. The overall objective was to investigate the individual food and nutrient intake of pre-school children at all meals during the day, as well as factors that might influence children’s intake. The average energy and nutrient intake per day for the whole week was satisfactory for the 109 pre-school children, but the temporal distr...

Sepp, Hanna

2002-01-01

391

Video games and problem solving effectiveness of primary school children  

OpenAIRE

The purpose is to find out whether video games can have positive effects on children and whether we can use those effects for educational purposes at school. The thesis contains theories of the leading authors of developmental psychology in the field of cognitive development as well as an insight into the processes of learning and using problem solving skills. In the second half of the theoretical part, the essential information on video games, their effects researched until now and the means...

Jakos?, Andrej

2012-01-01

392

LIFESTYLE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS IN EARLY SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN  

OpenAIRE

Aim of the study: the aim of the study was determining relation between selected health behaviour aspects and level of physical fitness in 1 st - 3 rd grade pupils at primary school in Malbork (Pomorskie province). Materials and Methods: the research was conducted in 2009 among 153 children aged 7-10 years. The research group consisted of 80 girls and 73 boys. The diagnostic survey method with use of a questionnaire technique and a set of indirect mot...

Podstawski Robert; Zwoli?ska Danuta; Borowska Klaudia; Boraczy?ski Micha?; Omelan Aneta

2014-01-01

393

Prevalence of Cryptosporidium species in elementary school children.  

OpenAIRE

The project described here was conducted to study the prevalence of various parasites in elementary school children in northern Jordan. A single stool specimen was collected from each of 1,000 students in the 6- to 14-year-old age group. A questionnaire covering demographic information, health status, and other relevant information was filled out by one of the parents of each student. Fresh stool specimens were processed by using wet mount preparations, formalin-ether, and Sheather's sugar fl...

Nimri, L. F.; Batchoun, R.

1994-01-01

394

THE IMPACT OF DIVORCE ON SCHOOL PERFORMANCE OF CHILDREN  

OpenAIRE

In the thesis, we present the descriptive method of different definitions of divorce, separation, divorce affects on child, and the impact of divorce on children and their school performance. We focuse on the child's experience of divorce, his response in primary and secondary education and his gender. Moreover, we also shed light on the consequences of divorce with regard to a child. When it comes to academic achievements and their factors, we focuse on the parents' involvement in their chil...

Ludvik, Natalija

2014-01-01

395

Factors Associated with Cigaret Smoking in Elementary School Children  

OpenAIRE

A survey of 625 elementary school children in an urban area for substance use, specifically, cigarets, alcohol and drugs, and the social factors associated with such use, revealed 38 admitted smokers in this age range, strongly influenced by parents, siblings and peers who smoked. Cigaret use was also associated with drug and alcohol use. These findings corroborate those from studies of teenagers who smoke, showing that peer pressure is not the sole factor in starting to smoke, as several oth...

West, Malcolm; Carlin, Myrna; Subak, Maria; Greenstone, Harriet

1983-01-01

396

Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms of Chinese Rural Children and Adolescents Surviving the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake Assessed Using CRIES  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Posttraumatic stress symptoms in Chinese rural children and adolescents were examined after the May 12 Wenchuan earthquake. Analysis showed that three factors were identified, namely, avoidance, intrusion and arousal, resembling those in the studies with Western samples. Gender difference on the posttraumatic stress symptoms was not significant. Moderate negative correlation coefficients between posttraumatic stress symptoms scores and mental health scores were found, indicating that the severer the posttraumatic stress symptoms were, the worse the mental health was.

Tao, Ting; Duan, Xiaoju

2014-01-01

397

International School Educators and Their Children: Implications for Educator-Parents, Colleagues and Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

What is the impact of the international school experience on the children of educators who live and study in close proximity with their parents and parents' colleagues? In this study, educators, who are teachers, counselors, specialists and administrators, describe their impressions of the benefits and challenges of this unique expatriate family…

Zilber, Ettie

2005-01-01

398

Educating School Nurses to Care for HIV-Infected Children in School.  

Science.gov (United States)

School nurses attended a one-day workshop to enhance their knowledge and attitudes about human immunodeficiency virus infection in children. Pretesting and posttesting for changes in knowledge, attitudes, and practice indicated knowledge and attitudes were significantly improved at program completion, and most nurses had instituted or improved…

Gross, Elaine J.; Passannante, Marian

1993-01-01

399

Sending Children to School "Back Home": Multiple Moralities of Punjabi Sikh Parents in Britain  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores how Punjabi Sikh parents in Britain try to produce "good children" through moral reasoning about their schooling. Parents compare schooling in Britain with India and sometimes wonder about sending their children to school "back home", in the hope of immersing them in Indian culture, traditions and…

Qureshi, Kaveri

2014-01-01

400

Parents' perceptions of curricular issues affecting children's weight in elementary schools. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine Ohio parents' perceptions of the role of elementary schools in preventing childhood overweight. In the United States, overweight is the most widespread health threat facing children and adolescents. Schools may be a useful point of intervention in addressing the escalating prevalence of childhood overweight because children spend over half their day at school.

401

Can Alternative Education Increase Children's Early School Engagement? A Longitudinal Study from Kindergarten to Third Grade  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examines the impact of alternative education on children's early school engagement in terms of school enjoyment and independent participation. A sample of 2,776 children from traditional (e.g., mainstream) and alternative (Freinet and Waldorf) Flemish schools was followed from their 3rd year of kindergarten until 3rd grade. The…

de Bilde, Jerissa; Van Damme, Jan; Lamote, Carl; De Fraine, Bieke

2013-01-01

402

Local school children curious about CMS  

CERN Multimedia

Imagine the scene: about 20-30 schoolchildren aged 8-11 and about 1.25 m tall; a couple of adults, let’s say on average 1.75 m tall, and then one high-energy physics experiment 15 m tall. This is what you could have seen on 2, 6 and 9 February in the CMS cavern, as two local schools participated in the “Be a scientist!” programme.   "I think they've got it..." Two classes from the primary school in the village of Cessy, where CMS is located, took part in the visits on 2 and 9 February, and all 36 pupils from CM2 (Year 6) at the Ecole des Bois in nearby Ornex took part in the visit on 6 February. “They asked so many questions,” says Sandrine Saison Marsollier, CERN’s educational officer for the local community, who accompanied some of the classes to CMS. “Most of them had practical questions about what they saw, for example how big and how heavy the experiment is, and which bit goes where. But some ...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

403

The visual magnocellular deficit in Chinese-speaking children with developmental dyslexia  

OpenAIRE

Many alphabetic studies have evidenced that individuals with developmental dyslexia (DD) have deficits in visual magnocellular(M) pathway. However, there are few studies to investigate the M function of Chinese DD. Chinese is a logographic language, and Chinese characters are complicated in structure. Visual skills and orthographic processing abilities are particularly important for efficient reading in Chinese as compared to alphabetic languages. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the...

Hong-YanBi; YiQian

2014-01-01

404

Imageability predicts the age of acquisition of verbs in Chinese children*  

OpenAIRE

Verbs are harder to learn than nouns in English and in many other languages, but are relatively easy to learn in Chinese. This paper evaluates one potential explanation for these findings by examining the construct of imageability, or the ability of a word to produce a mental image. Chinese adults rated the imageability of Chinese words from the Chinese Communicative Development Inventory (Tardif et al., in press). Imageability ratings were a reliable predictor of age of acquisition in Chines...

Ma, Weiyi; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Hirsh-pasek, Kathy; Mcdonough, Colleen; Tardif, Twila

2009-01-01

405

Visual impairment in school children in Southern India  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was done to determine the prevalence of visual impairment due to refractive errors and ocular diseases in lower middle class school children of Hyderabad, India. A total of 4,029 children, which included 2,348 males and 1,681 females, in the age range of 3 to 18 years from 9 schools were screened with a detailed ocular examination protocol. Among 3,669 children in whom visual acuity could be recorded, on presentation 115 (3.1% had visual acuity < 6/18 in the better eye (equivalent to visual impairment, while 41 (1.1% had visual acuity of 6/60 in the better eye (equivalent to legal blindness out of which 18 (0.5% had visual acuity < 6/60 in the better eye (equivalent to economic blindness. Of 115 children who presented with initial visual acuity < 6/18, vision improved to ≥6/18 with refraction in 109 (94.8%. No child was legally or economically blind after refractive correction. Prevalence of hyperopia was 22.6%, myopia 8.6% and astigmatism 10.3%. The prevalence of myopia was significantly higher among children ≥10 years of age (P<0.001. The maximum, mean and median values for myopia were 10.00, 1.35 and 0.75 D in the better eye. For hyperopia these values were 8.50, 0.65 and 0.50 D. The major causes for best corrected visual acuity < 6/9 in the worse eye for 51 (1.4% children included amblyopia in 40 (1.1%, corneal diseases in 5 (0.1%, cataract in 2 (0.05% and others in 4 (0.1%. Out of the total, 30 (0.7% children had strabismus. These data support the assumption that vision screening of school children in developing countries could be useful in detecting correctable causes of decreased vision, especially refractive errors, and in minimising long term permanent visual disability.

Kalikivayi Venkataramana

1997-01-01

406

Variant rs9939609 in the FTO gene is associated with body mass index among Chinese children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Fat-mass and obesity-associated (FTO gene is a gene located in chromosome region 16q12.2. Genetic variants in FTO are associated with the obesity phenotype in European and Hispanic populations. However, this association still remains controversial in Asian population. We aimed to test the association of FTO genetic variants with obesity and obesity-related metabolic traits among children living in Beijing, China. Methods We genotyped FTO variants rs9939609 in 670 children (332 girls and 338 boys aged 8-11 years living in Beijing, and analyzed its association with obesity and obesity-related metabolic traits. Overweight and obesity were defined by age- and sex-specific BMI reference for Chinese children. Obesity-related metabolic traits included fasting plasma glucose, lipid profiles, leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin and blood pressures. Results The frequency of rs9939609 A allele was 12.2%, which was 21.9% for the heterozygote and 1.2% for the homozygote of the A allele. The obesity prevalence among the carriers of AA/AT genotypes was significantly higher than that among those with TT genotype (36.4% vs. 22.6%, P = 0.004. Compared to the carrier of TT genotype, the likelihood of obesity was 1.79 (95% confidence interval (95% CI 1.20-2.67, P = 0.004 for the carrier of AA/AT genotype, after adjustment of sex, age and puberty stages. The BMI Z-score of children with AA/AT genotype were significantly higher than that of their counterparts with the TT genotype (1.1 ± 0.1 vs. 0.8 ± 0.1, P = 0.02. The concentration of triglyceride was 1.03 ± 0.52 mmol/L among TT carrier and 1.13 ± 0.68 mmol/L among AA/AT carrier (P = 0.045. While, the concentrations of adiponectin were 18.0 ± 0.4 ?g/ml among carriers of TT and 16.2 ± 0.7 ?g/ml among subjects with AA/AT genotype (P = 0.03. The level of glucose marginally increased in the AA/AT genotype subjects (4.67 ± 0.40 mmol/L vs. 4.60 ± 0.35 mmol/L, P = 0.08. The evidence of association was reduced after adjustment for BMI (P = 0.38 for triglyceride, P = 0.20 for adiponectin and glucose. There was weak evidence of association between rs9939609 and other obesity-related metabolic traits including total cholesterol (3.92 ± 0.03 mmol/L vs. 4.02 ± 0.05 mmol/L, P = 0.10, insulin (2.69 ± 1.77 ng/ml vs. 3.12 ± 2.91 ng/ml, P = 0.14, and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR 0.56 ± 0.03 vs. 0.66 ± 0.05, P = 0.10. Conclusions Genetic variation in the FTO gene associates with obesity in Chinese children.

Liu Ailing

2010-09-01

407

Meta-analysis of Zn, Cu and Fe in the hair of Chinese children with recurrent respiratory tract infection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Trace elements play an important role in maintaining the normal metabolic and immune function. The onset of recurrent respiratory tract infection (RRI) is associated with the immune function, genetic factors and nutritional status. However, the association between the levels of trace elements and RRI remains inconclusive. We aimed to investigate the alterations of hair levels of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and iron (Fe) in Chinese children with RRI by performing a meta-analysis. A predefined electronic databases search was performed to identify eligible studies for the analysis of hair Zn, Cu or Fe levels in Chinese children with RRI. Thirteen studies were included. RRI patients displayed significantly lower levels of hair Zn (13 studies, random effects SMD: - 1.215, 95% CI: - 1.704 to - 0.725, p results significantly. In conclusion, the deficiency of Zn, Cu and Fe may be contributing factors for the susceptibility of RRI in Chinese children. However, more studies in different ethnicities should be performed in the future. PMID:24874085

Mao, Song; Zhang, Aihua; Huang, Songming

2014-10-01

408

DETERMINING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RISK IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN:  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available At least 50% of children have one or more cardiovascular disease (CVD risk factor. We aimed to 1 determine the prevalence of CVD risk factors in a sample of Canadian children, and 2 create a Healthy Heart Score that could be used in a school setting, to identify children with a greater number and severity of CVD risk factors. Children (n = 242, 122M, 120F, aged 9-11 years were assessed for cardiovascular fitness, physical activity, systolic/diastolic blood pressure, and body mass index (BMI. Biological values were converted to age and sex specific percentiles and allocated a score. Healthy Heart Scores could range between 5 and 18, with lower scores suggesting a healthier cardiovascular profile. Seventy-seven children volunteered for blood samples in order to assess the relationship between the Healthy Heart Score and (total cholesterol (TC, high and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL, LDL and triglycerides (TG. Fifty eight percent of children had elevated scores for at least 1 risk factor. The group mean Healthy Heart Score was 8 (2.2. The mean score was significantly higher in boys (9 (2.2 compared with girls (8 (2.1, p < 0.01. A high score was significantly associated with a low serum HDL, a high TC:HDL and a high TG concentration. Our results support other studies showing a high prevalence of CVD risk factors in children. Our method of allocation of risk score, according to percentile, allows for creation of an age and sex specific CVD risk profile in children, which takes into account the severity of the elevated risk factor

Kate E. Reed

2007-03-01

409

Evaluation of children in six blind schools of Andhra Pradesh  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: 1.To determine the anatomical site and underlying causes of severe visual impairment and blindness in children in special education in Andhra Pradesh, India. 2. To compare the causes of blindness in two different regions in the state. 3. To evaluate improvement with correction of refractive error and low-vision devices (LVDs Methods: Children in 6 schools for the blind and in 3 integrated education programmes were examined by one ophthalmologist, and were refracted and assessed for LVDs by an optometrist. The major anatomical site and underlying aetiology of severe visual impairment and blindness (SVI/BL; <6/60 in the better eye were recorded using the standardised WHO reporting form. Results: Two hundred and ninety one students under 16 years were examined, and after refraction, 267 (91.7% were classified as being severely visually impaired or blind. The most common anatomical sites of SVI/BL were retina in 31.1% children; cornea in 24.3%; and whole globe in 20.2%. The aetiology was unknown in 38.2%, hereditary in 34.8% and childhood causes in 24%. 114 children (39.2% had functional low vision (i.e. visual acuity <6/18 to light perception with navigational vision. In this group, 36 children improved with spectacles and 16 benefited by LVDs. 41 children (15.4% were able to read N10 point though they were studying Braille. Conclusion: Overall 37.4% of children had "avoidable" causes of blindness. The major avoidable causes were vitamin-A deficiency and cataract. Vitamin-A deficiency and congenital anomalies were more common in the dry plateau areas of the state. One in seven children could read normal print with optical support.

Hornby Stella

2000-01-01

410

Compensatory Patterns of Support Among Children’s Peer Relationships: A Test Using School Friends, Nonschool Friends, and Siblings  

OpenAIRE

We examined the extent to which isolated and aggressive 6th graders compensate for unsatisfying school friendships by deriving support from siblings and nonschool friends and whether this support protects such children from poor socioemotional outcomes. Results were as follows: (a) When compared with average and aggressive children, isolated children perceived their school friendships as least supportive and their favorite sibling relationships as most supportive; (b) isolated, aggressive, an...

East, Patricia L.; Rook, Karen S.

1992-01-01

411

Primary school children’s internet skills: a report on performance tests of operational, formal, information, and strategic internet skills  

OpenAIRE

The performance levels of fundamental (i.e., operational and formal) and advanced (i.e., information and strategic) Internet skills and their potential predictors were assessed among a sample of Dutch primary school children. The findings suggest that primary school children possess sufficient levels of fundamental but not advanced Internet skills and, hence, might not be able to make best use of important opportunities the Internet has to offer. Children employed very ineffective and ineffic...

Deursen, Alexander J. A. M.; Go?rzig, Anke; Delzen, Marianne; Perik, Hanneke T. M.; Stegeman, Anne Grace

2014-01-01

412

Prevalence of headache in children of a school from Curitiba, Brazil, comparing data obtained from children and parents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study analyzed prevalence, frequency and cause of headache among 460 children ranging from 10 to 14 years-old from a Brazilian school. A questionnaire was handed both to children and parents to know if there would be differences among children and parental reports. The lifetime prevalence of headache was 93.5% (children reports and 93.3% (parental reports. The last year prevalence was 90% (children and 89.8% (parents. Headache episodes were frequent in 17.6% (children and 18.5% (parents. The most often reported cause was "flu" (39.1% by children, and 46.7% by parents. This study demonstrated that the prevalence of headache in children is high; moreover, there were noted few differences between data obtained from children and parents. So, we could say that when the objective of a epidemiologic study is to determine the prevalence of headache in children, both children and parental reports may be used.

ANTONIUK SÉRGIO

1998-01-01

413

Modern diagnostic method of microelementosis of school age children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Human and animal pathology stipulated by deficiency of vitally important (or 'essential') microelements or their excess, has got its combined name microelementosis [1]. In connection with high biological activity of microelements in organism in different physiologic and pathologic status the quantitative determination of several metals in biomedium of organism is of great importance in the study of microelement metabolism. However, objective and representative data on estimation of school children's provision with microelements are practically absent. The objective of the study was to investigate contents of microelements connected with deficiency of biometals participating in hemopoiesis (Cu, Zn, Co, Mn) in biomedium of the organism of school children in Zarafshan region of the Republic of Uzbekistan. We have applied the method of neutron-activation analysis for determination of microelements (Fe, Zn, Cu, Co, Mn) in hair, whole blood, blood serum, urine, saliva, food-stuff samples and in more than 20 elements of other biomedia, as per designed method in Nuclear Physics Institute, Republic of Uzbekistan [4]. The study was carried out on 245 practically healthy children aged 7-17, 131 boys and 33 girls living in four different areas of Samarkand region. According to the designed method the determination of Mn, Cu was done as follows: samples together with standards were packed in polyethylene container and underwent irradiation in vertical channel of the reactor by neutron flow 5x1013 neutron cm-2 sec-1, (for 15 seconds). The measurement of direct activity was conducted in 2 hours for determining of Cu and Mn. For determining of iron, cobalt, zinc the irradiation test measurement was done within 15 hours one month after irradiation by the corresponding radionuclides. In all measurement of element contents different standards were applied: Intralaboratory data was received by fixing a certain number of elements on ashless filter paper and comparison standard sample IAEA NN and NN-1 (hair homogenate) as well as comparative method. Accuracy of analysis results of the applied method made up from 7 to 30% depended on concentration and nuclear-physical characteristics. Results and Discussion: Obtained results showed that microelemental contents in hairs and other liquids in children of school age somehow differed from that of in adults. So, contents of iron in children's hair are significantly higher (three times - 81.38±8.55 mkg/g). In erythrocytes of 22 examined sound children the contents of the iron equaled to 2964±52 mg/l, in saliva - 584 351.7 mg/l. In the study of Zn contents in blood of healthy children it was equal to 59 mkg/g, in formed elements of blood it was equal to 32.3 mkg/g which was much less than similar index in adults [3]. According to our data the contents of Zn in blood made up 39.25±4.30 mkg/g which was significantly low compared with similar index in adults (according to V.V.Nasolodin, 1987 the contents of zinc in plasma varies from 86 to 106 mkg/g). In 20 examined children the contents of Zn in erythrocytes equaled to 32.3±1.5 mkg/g. The contents of Zn in saliva of sound children of school age was 518.0±54.17 mkg/g and in urine 386±18.24 mkg/g. In practically sound school children of Zarafshan valley the contents of Zn in hair made up 182.9±6.6 mkg/g. It was established that the contents of Zn in sound school children of Zarafshan valley is in middle position amongst similar data referred in scientific articles [2]. The contents of Cu in hairs of practically sound school children in Zarafshan valley was 9.24±0.84 mkg/g which was low (two times) compared with adults. We found out that the contents of Cu in hairs of healthy school children in Zarafshan valley was lower compared with the data presented by other authors [2] and other regions respectively. A low content of Cu in hairs probably depends on the food-stuff ingredients and peculiarities of the natural condition in biogeochemical area. The obtained results have shown that practically sound school children in Zarafshan valley th

414

A study of the structure of Chinese characters and science learning  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study is to find out if Chinese characters can facilitate the understanding of science among Grade Four pupils, or on the contrary, lead to alternative concepts. A questionnaire designed to probe children's understanding of selected Chinese words was sent to three local primary schools. Four hundred and ninety five pupils participated in the study. Results showed that radicals of the Chinese characters related to names of organisms did have an influence on pupils' understa...

Cheng, May-hung; Soon, Ai-ling

2003-01-01

415

Enhancing Schools’ Capacity to Support Children in Poverty: An Ecological Model of School-Based Mental Health Services  

OpenAIRE

School based mental health services for children in poverty can capitalize on schools’ inherent capacity to support development and bridge home and neighborhood ecologies. We propose an ecological model informed by public health and organizational theories to refocus school based services in poor communities on the core function of schools to promote learning. We describe how coalescing mental health resources around school goals includes a focus on universal programming, mobilizing indigen...

Cappella, Elise; Frazier, Stacy L.; Atkins, Marc S.; Schoenwald, Sonja K.; Glisson, Charles

2008-01-01

416

School and everydaylife - Children in Mongolia : Children and Schools in Mongolia in transition  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article comprises the results from a research project carried out in Mongolia from 1994-1999. The study focuses on the changes of children's everydaylife as part of the democratisation and modernisation processes. The data consists of interveiws, classroomobservation and diaries from75 children living in different parts of Mongolia. The project is part of the Danish support to the Mongolian education sector .

Madsen, Ulla Ambrosius; NØrgaard, E.

2002-01-01

417

Speaking Rate Characteristics of Elementary-School-Aged Children Who Do and Do Not Stutter  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: To compare articulation and speech rates of school-aged children who do and do not stutter across sentence priming, structured conversation, and narration tasks and to determine factors that predict children's speech and articulation rates. Method: 34 children who stutter (CWS) and 34 age- and gender-matched children who do not stutter…

Logan, Kenneth J.; Byrd, Courtney T.; Mazzocchi, Elizabeth M.; Gillam, Ronald B.

2011-01-01

418

Recess Physical Activity and Perceived School Environment among Elementary School Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Differences in recess physical activity (PA according to perceived school environment among elementary school children were examined. Participants were 103 children from two schools in Japan. PA was measured using accelerometry for seven consecutive days. Time spent in sedentary or PA (light, moderate, or vigorous during their morning recess (25 min and lunch recess (15 min was determined. The School Physical Activity Environment Scale (three factors: equipment, facility, and safety was used to investigate perceived school environment. Environmental factor scores were assigned to low or high groups for each factor by median. An analysis of covariance, with grade as the covariate, was conducted separately by gender to examine differences in PA between two groups. During lunch recess, boys in the high-equipment group spent significantly more time in moderate PA (high: 1.5; low: 0.8 min whereas girls in this group spent less time in light PA (9.3, 11.0. Boys in the high-facility group spent significantly less time in sedentary (2.3, 3.9 and more time in vigorous PA (2.4, 1.4 during lunch recess, and girls spent more time in moderate (2.1, 1.2 and vigorous PA (1.9, 1.3 during morning recess. Differences were observed in recess PA according to school environment perceptions. The present study may be useful for further intervention studies for the promotion of PA during recess.

Kaori Ishii

2014-07-01

419

Asymptomatic Giardiasis in school children in Rey city  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken to know the rate of intestinal parasites infestations in our school children population. A sum of 1155 fecal samples were analyzed from an equal number of children whose age were between 6-11 years old. The percentage of infestations were: Giardia lamblia (14.11%, hymenolepis nana (1.21%, ascaris lumbricoides (0.08% and enterobius vermicularis (0.08%. We found no differences with regard to sex, age, father and mother levels of education, family size, body mass index (BMI and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ER between the stools positive and the stools negative cases. Nearly all cases of giardiasis (99.4% were symptomatic. Eosinophilia was seen in (5.5% of the infested children with giardiasis and in (0.5% of the non-infested children, the difference was statistically non-significant (P=0.056. All cases of giardiasis (N=163 were treated with metronidazole 15 mg/kg/day in 3 divided doses for 7 days. Metronidazole was effective in (92.2% of the treated children

Rafiei M

2000-06-01

420

Medical aspects of school-aged children with Down syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

Current and comprehensive information about the medical issues affecting children with Down syndrome (DS) is of value in counselling parents who are considering prenatal diagnosis and in planning services for people with DS as they age, especially given the continued improvements in their survival. Parents of school-aged children (mean age 11.37 years, 57.3% male, 42.7% female) with DS were identified by linking registers from the Disability Services Commission and the Birth Defects Registry. Less than half the children had cardiac and bowel conditions. More than half had ear conditions and more than three quarters had eye conditions. Ear, nose, and throat professionals were the specialists seen most often and the rate of tympanostomy tube insertion was nearly 17 times that of the general childhood population. Children with DS were over five times more likely to wear glasses than other children. These findings suggest that chronic, non life-threatening conditions impose a burden on families but do not threaten quality of life. PMID:10587045

Leonard, S; Bower, C; Petterson, B; Leonard, H

1999-10-01

421

The Everyday Practice of School Bullying : Children's participation in peer group activities and school-based anti-bullying initiatives  

OpenAIRE

This thesis explores the everyday practice of school bullying by examining children's participation in peer group activities as well as in school-based anti-bullying activities within an educational setting. The empirical material is drawn from a long-term (1 year) ethnographic study conducted among preadolescent children in a 5th grade class in a Swedish elementary school. An ethnomethodological approach is used in analysis of ethnographically based fieldnotes, and in detailed analysis of vi...

Svahn, Johanna

2012-01-01

422

Low anemia prevalence in school-aged children in Bangalore, South India: possible effect of school health initiatives  

OpenAIRE

Objective: Anemia is a serious public health problem in Indian school children. Since 2003, simple health intervention programs such as antihelminthic treatment and vitamin A supplementation have been implemented in primary schools in the Bangalore region, Karnataka, India. This study examines the prevalence of anemia in school children who are beneficiaries of this program. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Bangalore district, South India. Subjects: A total of 2030 boys and girls, age...

Muthayya, S.; Thankachan, P.; Zimmermann, M. B.; Andersson, M.; Eilander, A.; Misquith, D.; Hurrell, R. F.; Kurpad, A. V.

2007-01-01

423

Social software supported children's education out of school: informality and transition of learning  

OpenAIRE

This thesis is motivated to harness UK children’s enthusiasm and energy on using social software to connect with each other. The overarching research aim of this thesis is to investigate how social software can cultivate children aged 11 – 14 as a community of learners out of school, in order to support their education. Two key issues: informality of out-of-school learning and transitions of learning practices across home and school, are identified as research challenges. Community of Pra...

Yang, Yang

2011-01-01

424

What children know and can do when they start school and how this varies between countries.  

OpenAIRE

This large-scale study describes what children know and can do when they start school in Scotland. The description became possible because a third of Scottish Authorities are involved in a single, broadly based, on-entry baseline assessment of children. The study also looked at variations by home background, sex, age and pre-school experience within Scotland. Comparisons were then made with the cognitive development of children starting school in England, New Zealand and Western Australia, co...

Merrell, C.; Tymms, P.

2007-01-01

425

Prevalence of Stunting, Underweight and Obesity in School Aged Children in Uyo, Nigeria  

OpenAIRE

There is a paucity of data on the prevalence and trends of the risk factors associated with diet related chronic diseases in school-aged children in Nigeria. Using international reference standards, we determined the prevalence of underweight, stunting and obesity in school aged children in both privately owned and public schools in a fast growing state capital in the South-south region of Nigeria in a cross sectional prevalence survey. The height and weight measurements of 985 children aged ...

Ekanem, U. S.; Ikpeme, E. E.; Opara, D. C.

2010-01-01

426

Academic Activities after School That Help Secondary School Children’s Cognitive Development through Hermeneutic Analysis  

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Full Text Available This research is an effort to look into academic activities after school that help secondary school students in cognition development through Hermeneutic analyse for students of Pantai Remis Secondary School, Perak. This research is also to show that Hermeneutic understanding method can be applied effectively to identify academic activities after school that help secondary school students in their cognition development. This research involved 20 secondary school students from Form 1 to Form 3. They were asked to write a reflective essay about academic activities that they did after school hours. Their reflective essays were made a research text that will be using Hermeneutic analyse to find out academic activities that help their cognition development. This research shows that if a student can do positive activities after school such as doing revision, going for tuition, attending classes, doing homework, studying at home, doing module paper, involving school work, carrying out exercises, attending extra classes, involving in ritual study, going to class and attending study with teacher, involving in preparation class, doing mathematic exercises, reading, doing notes, going to library to study, reading geography, reading notes from internet, watching Astro channel that shows education programmes and reading books, thus they can help their cognition development and become excellent students in academic.

Suppiah Nachiappan

2012-09-01

427

Gender differences in brain development in Chinese children and adolescents: a structural MRI study  

Science.gov (United States)

Using optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM), this study systematically investigated gender differences in brain development through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data in 158 Chinese normal children and adolescents aged 7.26 to 22.80 years (mean age 15.03+/-4.70 years, 78 boys and 80 girls). Gender groups were matched for measures of age, handedness, education level. The customized brain templates, including T I-weighted image and gray matter (GM)/white matter (WM)/cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) prior probability maps, were created from all participants. Results showed that the total intracranial volume (TIV), global absolute GM and global WM volume in girls were significantly smaller than those in boys. The hippocampus grew faster in girls than that in boys, but the amygdala grew faster in boys than that in girls. The rate of regional GM decreases with age was steeper in the left superior parietal lobule, bilateral inferior parietal lobule, left precuneus, and bilateral supramarginal gyrus in boys compared to girls, which was possibly related to better spatial processing ability in boys. Regional GM volumes were greater in bilateral superior temporal gyrus, bilateral inferior frontal gyrus and bilateral middle frontal gyrus in girls. Regional WM volumes were greater in the left temporal lobe, right inferior parietal and bilateral middle frontal gyrus in girls. The gender differences in the temporal and frontal lobe maybe be related to better language ability in girls. These findings may aid in understanding the differences in cognitive function between boys and girls.

Guo, Xiaojuan; Jin, Zhen; Chen, Kewei; Peng, Danling; Yao, Li

2008-03-01

428

Teachers’ and Parental Attribution for School Performance of Ethnic Majority and Minority Children  

OpenAIRE

This study examines whether teachers’ and parental attributions for children’s school performance differ depending on the ethnic background of the child. Using both quantitative and qualitative methods, real-life attributions within 54 teacher - parent conversations (15 ethnic majority; 39 minority) were examined. The results indicated that, compared with majority children, teachers attributed school performance of minority children more often to effort (also after controlling for the ...

Wissink, Inge B.; Mariette de Haan

2013-01-01

429

A comprehensive study of smoking in primary school children in Hong Kong: implications for prevention.  

OpenAIRE

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with smoking behaviour in primary school children in Hong Kong. DESIGN: A cross sectional survey in which both children and parents completed questionnaires. The main outcome measure was the smoking status of the children; and risk factors (knowledge of and attitude to smoking and demographic and socioeconomic background) were identified as predictors of ever/never smoking. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Altogether 9598 primary school children, aged 8-13...

Peters, J.; Hedley, A. J.; Lam, T. H.; Betson, C. L.; Wong, C. M.

1997-01-01

430

Continuous versus pulsed pure-tone audiometry in school-aged children  

OpenAIRE

Pure-tone testing is the primary audiological test procedure for the differential diagnosis of hearing loss and hearing disorders in school-aged children. No research is currently available internationally for children’s responses to continuous versus pulsed pure-tones. The aim of this exploratory investigation was to compare the performance of a group of school-aged children on continuous versus pulsed pure-tone audiometry. The aims were to determine whether a threshold differe...

Dijk, Catherine-anne; Osman, Naeema

2008-01-01

431

The Effect of a Computerized Visual Perception and Visual-Motor Integration Training Program on Improving Chinese Handwriting of Children with Handwriting Difficulties  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to investigate the effect of a computerized visual perception and visual-motor integration training program to enhance Chinese handwriting performance among children with learning difficulties, particularly those with handwriting problems. Participants were 26 primary-one children who were assessed by educational psychologists and…

Poon, K. W.; Li-Tsang, C. W .P.; Weiss, T. P. L.; Rosenblum, S.

2010-01-01

432

Prevalence of sleep disordered breathing symptoms among Malay school children in a primary school in Malaysia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is increasingly being diagnosed in children. However, there is no prevalence study done in Malaysia. The study objective was to evaluate the prevalence of SDB symptoms based on parental reports and associated risk factors among Malay school children aged 6 to 10 years old in a primary school using a translated University Michigan Paediatric Sleep Questionnaire (Malay UM-PSQ). The children whose parents responded to the questionnaire and consented were examined, documenting height, weight, skin fold thickness, neck and abdominal circumference, tonsillar size, nostril examination and presence of micrognathia or retrognathia. There were 550 respondents. The prevalence of parental report of SDB symptoms was 14.9 % (95 % CI 11.9, 17.9). Two hundred and eighty-five (51.8%) school children were males with mean age of 8.5 years (SD 1.1). The associated risk factors for SDB symptoms are male, obesity, large neck and waist circumference, positive history of asthma, history of recurrent tonsillitis, enlarged tonsil (> 4+) and enlarged nasal turbinate. Multivariate analysis showed that male gender is the only significant independent risk factor of SDB symptoms PMID:22822640

Fadzil Abdullah, A A; Jamalludin, A R; Norrashidah, A W; Norzila, M Z; Asiah Kassim, K; Rus Anida, A; Hasniah, A L; Ramli, Z; Samsinah, H

2012-04-01

433

DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN COMMUNICATION AT PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE IN COMPUTER-ORIENTED ENVIRONMENT ???????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ????????? ???? ? ????’??????-????????????? ??????????  

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Full Text Available The research results of information technologies influence as education environment constituents on development of children communication at primary school age are presented in the article? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ????????? ????

?.?. ???????????

2010-08-01

434

An Intervention to Promote Social Emotional School Readiness in Foster Children: Preliminary Outcomes From a Pilot Study  

OpenAIRE

Foster children are at great risk for poor school outcomes. Given that school readiness is a powerful predictor of later school success, the promotion of school readiness skills in foster children is an opportunity for preventive intervention. Results are presented from a preliminary evaluation of a program designed to improve school readiness in foster children. Twenty-four foster children were randomly assigned to the intervention or comparison conditions. The intervention consisted of ther...

Pears, Katherine C.; Fisher, Philip A.; Bronz, Kimberly D.

2007-01-01

435

A Blended Collaborative Writing Approach for Chinese L2 Primary School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper outlines an adaptable collaborative writing approach employing a wiki to address the typical weaknesses of young Singaporean Chinese students learning Chinese as second language (L2) in Chinese writing. These students' problems in writing include limited and incorrect use of vocabulary, English-style grammar, badly structured passages,…

Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Chen, Wenli; Chai, Ching-Sing; Chin, Chee-Kuen; Gao, Ping

2011-01-01

436

Services in School for Children with Special Needs: What Parents Need to Know  

Science.gov (United States)

Services In School For Children With Special Needs: What Parents Need To Know Quick Links Facts for ... special needs are usually entitled to receive additional services or accommodations through the public schools. Federal law ...

437

The Pyramid Club Elementary School-Based Intervention: Testing the Circle Time Technique to Elicit Children’s Service Satisfaction  

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Full Text Available Children’s views of the social-emotional health services they use are important to service evaluation and development. However, often it is parental or clinician feedback that is gathered. In the current study Circle Time groups were run to identify children’s satisfaction with the Pyramid Club School-based intervention and to test the salience of this technique in eliciting children’s views. Children evaluated Clubs positively, reported no adverse effects and suggested ways to develop the intervention. The efficacy of Pyramid Clubs in building social-emotional competencies is supported by the children’s qualitative reports and Circle Time proved a salient technique for eliciting the views of young children.

Madeleine Ohl

2013-09-01

438

Pedagogical correlates of reading comprehension in English and Chinese.  

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Full Text Available This study conducted in Hong Kong used multiple regression procedures to investigate the relationship between primary school children’s reading test scores and the frequency with which fortytwo instructional practices were used by their literacy teachers. Analyses were conducted separately for reading in English language and in Chinese (Modern Standard Written Chinese. Subjects comprised4,329 Cantonese-speaking students (2,157 girls; 2,172 boys aged approximately 9+ years, and their 256 teachers (129 teachers of English; 127 teachers of Chinese. Results suggest that no single instructional practice was highly correlated with students’ reading achievement in English or Chinese, and in fact some practices demonstrated a negative association. However, certain practices, particularly related to the use and nature of resource materials and to assessment strategies, did demonstrate a positive association with reading performance. Similarities and differences between Chinese and English data are discussed.

Westwood, P.

2007-07-01

439

Validating the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire Against Polysomnography and Actigraphy in School-Aged Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Sleep is a vital physiological behavior in children’s development, and as such it is important to be able to efficiently and accurately assess whether children display difficulties with sleep quality and quantity. The Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire [CSHQ; (1)] is one of the most commonly used assessment tools for pediatric sleep. However, this instrument has never been validated against the gold standard of sleep measurement [i.e., polysomnography (PSG)], and studies comparing it to actigraphy are limited. Therefore, the current study assessed the validity of four subscales of the CSHQ via direct comparison with PSG and actigraphy for 30 typically developing school-aged children (ages 6–12). No significant correlations between relevant CSHQ subscales and PSG variables were found. In terms of the actigraphy variables, only the CSHQ Night Wakings subscale achieved significance. In addition, sensitivity and specificity analyses revealed consistently low sensitivity and high specificity. Overall, the CSHQ Sleep Onset Delay, Sleep Duration, Night Wakings, and Sleep Disordered Breathing subscales showed low construct validity and diagnostic validity. These results underscore that caution should be taken when using the CSHQ as the sole screening tool for sleep problems in children.

Markovich, Adria Nora; Gendron, Melissa Anne; Corkum, Penny Violet

2015-01-01

440

Validating the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire Against Polysomnography and Actigraphy in School-Aged Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Sleep is a vital physiological behavior in children’s development, and as such it is important to be able to efficiently and accurately assess whether children display difficulties with sleep quality and quantity. The Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire [CSHQ; (1)] is one of the most commonly used assessment tools for pediatric sleep. However, this instrument has never been validated against the gold standard of sleep measurement [i.e., polysomnography (PSG)], and studies comparing it to actigraphy are limited. Therefore, the current study assessed the validity of four subscales of the CSHQ via direct comparison with PSG and actigraphy for 30 typically developing school-aged children (ages 6–12). No significant correlations between relevant CSHQ subscales and PSG variables were found. In terms of the actigraphy variables, only the CSHQ Night Wakings subscale achieved significance. In addition, sensitivity and specificity analyses revealed consistently low sensitivity and high specificity. Overall, the CSHQ Sleep Onset Delay, Sleep Duration, Night Wakings, and Sleep Disordered Breathing subscales showed low construct validity and diagnostic validity. These results underscore that caution should be taken when using the CSHQ as the sole screening tool for sleep problems in children. PMID:25610402

Markovich, Adria Nora; Gendron, Melissa Anne; Corkum, Penny Violet

2015-01-01

441

Chinese American Immigrant Parents' Emotional Expression in the Family: Relations With Parents' Cultural Orientations and Children's Emotion-Related Regulation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined 2 measures of Chinese American immigrant parents' emotional expression in the family context: self-reported emotional expressivity and observed emotional expression during a parent-child interaction task. Path analyses were conducted to examine the concurrent associations between measures of emotional expression and (a) parents' American and Chinese cultural orientations in language proficiency, media use, and social affiliation domains, and (b) parents' and teachers' ratings of children's emotion-related regulation. Results suggested that cultural orientations were primarily associated with parents' self-reported expressivity (rather than observed emotional expression), such that higher American orientations were generally associated with higher expressivity. Although parents' self-reported expressivity was only related to their own reports of children's regulation, parents' observed emotional expression was related to both parents' and teachers' reports of children's regulation. These results suggest that self-reported expressivity and observed emotional expression reflect different constructs and have differential relations to parents' cultural orientations and children's regulation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25133412

Chen, Stephen H; Zhou, Qing; Main, Alexandra; Lee, Erica H

2014-08-18

442

The role of anxiety symptoms in school performance in a community sample of children and adolescents  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Anxiety symptoms are relatively common among children and adolescents and can interfere with functioning. The prevalence of anxiety and the relationship between anxiety and school performance were examined among elementary, middle, and high school students. Methods Samples of elementary (N = 131, age 8–10 years), middle (N = 267, age 11–13 years), and high school (N = 80, age 14–16 years) children were recruited from four public schools...

Arrigo Valentina, D.; Passaniti Eleonora; Scoto Maria Cristina; Ducci Francesca; Mazzone Luigi; Vitiello Benedetto

2007-01-01

443

The interaction between deaf children in the context of an early childhood education School  

OpenAIRE

This paper’s objective is to understand how deaf children interact in Childhood Education. The methodology was based on field observation of a group of young children being taught in a Sao Paulo Public School that specializes in the education of deaf people. Interviews were also carried-out with the teacher of the observed class and the school coordinator. As in other datacollection procedures, we analyzed the school’s pedagogical-political project and conducted a guided activity with the...

Carolina Oliveira Jimenez Silvestre; Erica Aparecida Garrutti de Lourenço

2013-01-01

444

[Smoking among school children from the Wielkopolska region].  

Science.gov (United States)

Smoking defines as a gate open for development other addictions in a group of adolescents. The aim of the study was the estimation the phenomena of smoking among children and adolescents as well as the knowledge concerning the negative effects of it in Big Poland area in every type of school. In the study participated 1533 pupils from every kind of schools. The questionnaire own concept was used in the study. It estimated the frequency of smoking and knowledge concerning the effects of smoking in respondents. The results underwent the statistical analysis. The results show that 88.78% children and adolescents state that they do not have any problems with smoking. 37% non-smoking pupils state they started smoking in the past. The most important reason for smoking was the influence of social environment - at school or in a place of living. The age structure shows the pupils start to smoke between 13-15 yrs of age. 56.4%. The knowledge about negative effects of smoking is on media level, in most case true. Pupils try to stop smoking often but the trials are not as effective as they expect. The result show there is the necessity of making some efforts toward more effective educational activities and preparation some specialist support in addiction treatment. PMID:18409301

Kostiukow, Anna; Pioterek, Alina; Mojs, Ewa

2007-01-01

445

Change and Development: A Case Study of the Implementation of Mandarin Chinese into the UK School Timetable  

OpenAIRE

Implementing Mandarin Chinese into the UK school timetable is causing a big challenge and change within the Modern Foreign Language department (MFL). This paper explores some of the issues related to this new change within the MFL department. It begins with the initiative and the context of the challenge and change. Then it reviews resistance and its resources to the change. The next part goes through how these barriers were overcame and the fin...

Ping Wang

2013-01-01

446

The Relationship between Self-Concept, Intrinsic Motivation, Self-Determination and Academic Achievement among Chinese Primary School Students  

OpenAIRE

The main purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between self-concept, intrinsic motivation andself-determination with academic achievement among the respondents. The sample of the study was 200 studentsin standard 5 and standard 6 from a Chinese primary school in Johor, Malaysia. Data was collected using aself-developed set of questionnaire. The reliability of the instrument was tested using Cronbach’s Alpha and theresult was 0.941. The data was analyze...

Nooraini Othman; Kong Bee Leng

2011-01-01

447

GENDER-BASED DIFFERENCES IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN’S DIVERGENT THINKING  

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Full Text Available This study examines whether the shortage of females in science and engineering is linked to possible gender-based differences in school-aged children’s divergent thinking. Divergent thinking is a direct measure of creativity and an important characteristic in science and engineering. A survey instrument designed to measure divergent thinking was administered to 8th and 11th graders in a mid-western United States school district. Results showed that there were no difference between girls and boys on the three measures of divergent thinking: fluency, flexibility, and originality. These results indicate little reason as to why participation in science and engineering is male dominated, and support the notion that additional exposure to science and engineering through divergent-thinking activities will provide girls with the self-knowledge that they are capable of solving open-ended problems and engineering tasks.

Leah Roue

2014-12-01

448

Elementary School Age Children’s Future Intentions and Use of Substances  

OpenAIRE

This study describes the lifetime prevalence and future intentions related to trying cigarettes, chewing tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and inhalants of students in the 1st through 7th grade. This article also describes the identification of these substances by children in the 1st through 3rd grade. Participants were 1,075 1st through 5th graders within a school district in western...

Andrews, Judy A.; Tildesley, Elizabeth; Hops, Hyman; Duncan, Susan C.; Severson, Herbert H.

2003-01-01

449

Nutrition, activity behavior and body constitution in primary school children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Child and adolescent obesity currently affects at least 10-25?0of the paediatric population in most developed countries. The BMI value is one of the most appropriate method of defining obesity and has a strong association with body fatness and health risk. Two main environmental factors, nutrition and physical activity, could influence paediatric obesity development. This paper studies the relationship between sedentariness, snack and soft drink intake and overweight or obesity in children. 1194 primary school children (age 8-10 participated in the study. For all the subjects we measured the anthropometric data to calculate the BMI. The overweight and obesity prevalence was estimated using age-specific BMI cutoffs. A questionaire was also submitted to all the children by a single interviewer to obtain data about: a Weekly Physical Activity, b Weekly Sedentary Activity, c Alimentary Style. Spearman rank correlation and the Student’s t-test were used. The data demonstrated that 23.2?0of the children is overweight and the 4.8?0obese. BMI is inversely correlated to the physical activity, while there is positive correlation between BMI and number of double portions. Statistically significant positive correlation is present among eating snacks and hours of sedentariness, while there is a negative correlation between physical activity and TV hours. Physical activity in the childhood could be an important tool to prevent obesity development and adult-onset chronic diseases. It is important to encourage an active lifestyle in order to reduce sedentariness.

F Carandente

2009-12-01

450

Prevalence of Dental Fluorosis in School Children of Jodhpur City  

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Full Text Available Aims and objectives: The present study was carried out to know the prevalence of dental fluorosis and the relation of dental fluorosis at varying degree of fluoride concentration in drinking water among the study subjects. Methodology: The study population was selected by stratified cluster random sampling methodology. A total of 1810 school children were screened for dental fluorosis. Data was entered into computer and analyzed using (SPSS 11.5 version. Chi square test was used for comparison of fluorosis and various levels of fluoride concentration in drinking water. Results: It was observed that number of children affected with dental fluorosis increases with the increase in level of concentration of fluoride in drinking water. The results of the study indicated that dental fluorosis exists irrespective of levels of fluoride concentration in drinking water.

Jitender Solanki

2011-10-01

451

NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN BLIND CHILDREN: ISFAHAN ABABASIR BOARDING SCHOOL  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Inadequate dietary intake causes malnutrition associated with poor physical and mental development, specially in children. This study evaluated the nutritional status in blind children in Ababasir Boarding Center (a boarding school in Isfahan city. Methods: A 72 hours food regimen survey was measured in 50 subjects (boys and girls by weighting method. The anthropometric data was collected to compare with NCHS normal data. Results: Energy intake was less than 75 percent RDA in all the subjects and the amounts of animal protein intake was also little. Chronic malnutrition was more prevalent. Discussion: Althought the energy intake was lower than RDA, but it did not cause under weight among them probably because of reduced physical activity due to their disability and inadequate high quality protein and other nutrients probably could be the major cause in chronic malnutrition.

M RAJAI

2001-06-01

452

Anthropometry and body composition of school children in Bahrain  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was conducted because of the lack of a comprehensive nationwide assessment of data on the anthropometric status and related health problems in Bahraini school children aged 6 to 18 years. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on the anthropometric status of school children enrolled in the primary, intermediate and secondary government schools in all populated regions of Bahrain. The sample size included 2594 students (1326 girls and 1268 boys) representing 2.5% of the total student population. For sample selection, a multi-stage sampling design was chosen that combined multi-cluster and simple random sampling methods. Anthropometric measurements included height, weight, mid-arm circumference and skin fold thickness at two sites (triceps and subscapular). Anthropometric indices derived were body mass index (BMI) and arm muscle area. The WHO reference standards (2007) and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2 data were used for comparison. Compared to WHO reference standards, the median height of Bahraini children and adolescents in the age range of 6 to 18 years was close to the 25th percentile or lower, while the median BMI during adolescent years was comparable in boys, but higher than WHO standards in girls, reaching the 75th percentile. The cutoff values of BMI for overweight/obesity status (85th and 95th percentile) were higher by 3-6 kg/m2 compared to WHO standards. While skin fold thicknesses were also higher in Bahraini adoicknesses were also higher in Bahraini adolescents compared to their American counterparts (NHANES 2), arm muscularity was substantially lower. Current study findings for BMI as well as skin fold thicknesses suggest an increased trend toward adiposity among Bahraini adolescents, especially in girls, which puts this age group at a high risk of adult obesity and its consequences. A need for urgent intervention program is emphasized. (author)

453

Is being in school better? The impact of school on children's BMI when starting age is endogenous.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we investigate the impact of attending school on body weight and obesity using a regression-discontinuity design. As is the case with academic outcomes, school exposure is related to unobserved determinants of weight outcomes because some families choose to have their child start school late (or early). If one does not account for this endogeneity, it appears that an additional year of school exposure results in a greater BMI and a higher probability of being overweight or obese. When we compare the weight outcomes of similar age children with one versus two years of school exposure due to regulations on school starting age, the significant positive effects disappear, and most point estimates become negative, but insignificant. However, additional school exposure appears to improve weight outcomes of children for whom the transition to elementary school represents a more dramatic change in environment (those who spent less time in childcare prior to kindergarten). PMID:21733588

Anderson, Patricia M; Butcher, Kristin F; Cascio, Elizabeth U; Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore

2011-09-01

454

A longitudinal investigation of children internationally adopted at school age.  

Science.gov (United States)

Most existing research on children adopted internationally has focused on those adopted as infants and toddlers. The current study longitudinally tracked several outcomes, including cognitive, behavioral, emotional, attachment, and family functioning, in 25 children who had been internationally adopted at school age (M = 7.7 years old at adoption, SD = 3.4, range = 4-15 years). We examined the incidence of clinically significant impairments, significant change in outcomes over the three study points, and variables that predicted outcomes over time. Clinically significant impairments in sustained attention, full-scale intelligence, reading, language, executive functioning, externalizing problems, and parenting stress were common, with language and executive functioning impairments present at higher levels in the current study compared with past research focusing on children adopted as infants and toddlers. Over the three study points, significant improvements across most cognitive areas and attachment functioning were observed, though significant worsening in executive functioning and internalizing problems was present. Adoptive family-specific variables, such as greater maternal education, smaller family size, a parenting approach that encouraged age-expected behaviors, home schooling, and being the sole adopted child in the family were associated with greater improvement across several cognitive outcomes. In contrast, decreased parenting stress was predicted by having multiple adopted children and smaller family sizes were associated with greater difficulties with executive functioning. Child-specific variables were also linked to outcomes, with girls displaying worse attachment and poorer cognitive performance and with less time in orphanage care resulting in greater adoption success. Implications for future research and clinical applications are discussed. PMID:25380232

Helder, Emily J; Mulder, Elizabeth; Gunnoe, Marjorie Linder

2014-11-01

455

Immunogenicity of Neonatal BCG Vaccination in Children Entering Primary School  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study has been designed to evaluate the immunogenicity of neonatal BCG-vaccination in children at the age of 7 to 8 years, by skin test using Purified Protein Derivative (PPD, as BCG vaccination at birth is a part of routine program of immunization in our country, Iran; we decided to study its efficacy and also tried to determine if there is any correlation between PPD-test results and BCG scar size. This is a comparative study on 150 children (94 males and 56 females at the age of 7 to 8 years, who possess neonatal-BCG scar. They were chosen from several primary schools in Tabriz-Iran, by simple random sampling and tested with 0.1 mL of 5-unit-PPD solution (a product of Iran Institute of Razi; then observations recorded. The average diameter of BCG scars were 7.03 mm in girls, 5.45 mm in boys and 6.05 for all. The diameter of induration area resulted from PPD-test after 72 h was less than 5 mm in 95.33% and 5-9 mm in 4.66% of studied children; there was no case with induration area of 10 mm or more at all. Every child who developed an induration area of 5 mm or more by PPD test, had a BCG scar with the diameter of 5 mm or more. There was a statistically meaningful direct correlation between sizes of neonatal-BCG scar and diameter of induration area after PPD-test (r = 0.21 and p = 0.008. This study shows that reactivity to PPD test (and probably immunity against tuberculosis decreases as age increases; therefore it seems to be necessary to repeat BCG-vaccination in children at the age of entering primary school.

K. Sakha

2008-01-01

456

Chronic suppurative otitis media in school going children  

OpenAIRE

The morbidity and mortality associated with otitis media is really a challenge for the health care systems. This study is a small attempt to look into the magnitude of this problem in the society, where in school going children in Yavatmal city were studied. A total of 4104 students were studied. It was found that the overall prevalence of chronic suppurative otitis media in Yavatmal city is 3%. The incidence of acute otitis media was found to be 1.3% Chronic suppurative otitis media was comm...

Wakode, P. T.; Joshi, S. V.; Gawarle, S. H.

2006-01-01

457

Neuroscience Workshops for Fifth-Grade School Children by Undergraduate Students: A University–School Partnership  

OpenAIRE

The National Science Education Standards recommend that science be taught using inquiry-based approaches. Inspired by the Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives, we examined whether undergraduate students could learn how to conduct field research by teaching elementary school children basic neuroscience concepts in interactive workshops. In an inquiry-based learning experience of their own, undergraduate psychology students working under the close supervision of their instructor designed and pro...

Foy, Judith G.; Feldman, Marissa; Lin, Edward; Mahoney, Margaret; Sjoblom, Chelsea

2006-01-01

458

Corporal punishment and children’s externalizing problems : a cross-sectional study of Tanzanian primary school aged children  

OpenAIRE

The adverse effect of harsh corporal punishment on mental health and psychosocial func- tioning in children has been repeatedly suggested by studies in industrialized countries. Nevertheless, corporal punishment has remained common practice not only in many homes, but is also regularly practiced in schools, particularly in low-income countries, as a measure to maintain discipline. Proponents of corporal punishment have argued that the differences in culture and industrial development might al...

Hecker, Tobias; Hermenau, Katharin; Isele, Dorothea; Elbert, Thomas

2014-01-01

459

Protection of school children during a radiological emergency  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The protection of children during a radiological emergency is a potential concern that clearly transcends national boundaries and is therefore international in scope. Careful planning is needed to prevent independent actions on the part of school officials and parents that, although well intended, may lead to increased risks from radiation exposure, from traffic accidents, or from panic behavior. As part of its overall support for off-site emergency preparedness program, the Commonwealth Edison Company (CECo) has recently expanded the scope of planning for the protection of students in schools near its Quad Cities Nuclear Power Station in Cordova, Illinois. Working with off-site officials and with the assistance of emergency planners from Impell Corp., CECo has developed standard operating procedures (SOPs) to direct the emergency response activities for school administrators. These SOPs establish the chain of command for implementing protective actions and list alternative precautionary actions for a range of site conditions. In addition, during the development of these SOPs, CECo has had to address the following issues: interagency cooperation and consistency in approach; resource identification for transport, reception, registration, and communication; internal school procedures; and emergency preparedness training and exercising

460

Protection of school children during a radiological emergency  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The protection of children during a radiological emergency is a potential concern that clearly transcends national boundaries and is therefore international in scope. Careful planning is needed to prevent independent actions on the part of school officials and parents that, although well intended, may lead to increased risks from radiation exposure, from traffic accidents, or from panic behavior. As part of its overall support for off-site emergency preparedness program, the Commonwealth Edison Company (CECo) has recently expanded the scope of planning for the protection of students in schools near its Quad Cities Nuclear Power Station in Cordova, Illinois. Working with off-site officials and with the assistance of emergency planners from Impell Corp., CECo has developed standard operating procedures (SOPs) to direct the emergency response activities for school administrators. These SOPs establish the chain of command for implementing protective actions and list alternative precautionary actions for a range of site conditions. In addition, during the development of these SOPs, CECo has had to address the following issues: interagency cooperation and consistency in approach; resource identification for transport, reception, registration, and communication; internal school procedures; and emergency preparedness training and exercising.

Brenner, W.B.; Johnson, F.C.; Goodkind, M.E.

1987-01-01

461

Effect of pet ownership on respiratory responses to air pollution in Chinese children: The Seven Northeastern Cities (SNEC) study  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies examining pet ownership as a risk factor for respiratory conditions have yielded inconsistent results. Little is known about whether or not pet ownership modifies the relationship between air pollutants and respiratory symptoms and asthma in children. In order to evaluate the interaction between pet and air pollution on respiratory health in children, we recruited 30,149 children, aged 2-12 years, from 25 districts of seven cities in northeast China. Parents of the children completed questionnaires that characterized the children's histories of respiratory symptoms and illnesses and associated risk factors. Average ambient annual exposures to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ?10 ?m (PM10), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and ozone (O3) were estimated from monitoring stations in each of the 25 study districts. The results showed that among children without pets at home, there were statistically significant associations between both recent exacerbations of asthma among physician-diagnosed asthmatics and respiratory symptoms and all pollutants examined. Odds ratios (ORs) ranged from 1.12 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.00-1.26] to 1.41 (95% CI, 1.24-1.61) per 31 ?g m-3 for PM10, whereas, among children with pets at home, there were no effects or small effects for either asthma or the symptoms. The interactions between dog ownership and PM10, SO2, NO2, and O3 were statistically significant, such that children with a dog at home had lower reporting of both current asthma and current wheeze. In conclusion, this study suggests that pet ownership decreased the effects of air pollution on respiratory symptoms and asthma among Chinese children.

Qian, Zhengmin (Min); Dong, Guang-Hui; Ren, Wan-Hui; Simckes, Maayan; Wang, Jing; Zelicoff, Alan; Trevathan, Edwin

2014-04-01

462

Scoliosis in school children aged from 7 to 8 and conditions in primary and secondary schools in Kragujevac  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Scoliosis, a lateral curvature of the spine, is the most frequent deformity of the spinal column. It is additionally aggravated by the inadequate environmental conditions in schools, such as unadjusted furniture, teaching aids and most of all, school bag and bad lighting. Material and methods. This investigation was carried out during the years 2005 and 2006 on the territory of the city of Kragujevac and included school children attending 22 primary and 8 secondary schools, whose medical records were obtained from school children health centres, the counseling centre for scoliosis at the Orthopedic Department of the Hospital in Kragujevac and the Institute of Public Health in Kragujevac. Results. The statistical analysis of these data showed that a significantly higher number of children with scoliosis was detected in 2005, being ?²=11.6, p<0.01 for primary schools. Scoliosis was more frequent in girls than in boys: in 2005 it was ?²=10.54, p<0.01 and in 2006 ?²=10.72, p<0.01 in primary schools, whereas no difference was found in secondary schools in 2005 -c2=4.14, p>0.05, but in 2006 scoliosis was more frequent in girls ?²=49.51, p<0.01. Conclusion. Scoliosis is extremely important in both primary and secondary schools and therefore, it is necessary to intensify preventive systematic examinations of school children.

?onovi? Nela

2009-01-01

463

Can a school-based hand hygiene program reduce asthma exacerbations among elementary school children?  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Viral upper respiratory infections have been implicated as a major cause of asthma exacerbations among school age children. Regular hand washing is the most effective method to prevent the spread of viral respiratory infections but, effective hand washing practices are difficult to establish in schools. Objectives This randomized controlled trial evaluated whether a standardized regimen of hand washing plus alcohol-based hand sanitizer could reduce asthma exacerbations more than schools’ usual hand hygiene practices. Methods This was a two year, community-based, randomized controlled crossover trial. Schools were randomized to usual care then intervention (Sequence 1) or intervention then usual care (Sequence 2). Intervention schools were provided with alcohol-based hand sanitizer, hand soap, and hand hygiene education. The primary outcome was the proportion of students experiencing an asthma exacerbation each month. Generalized estimating equations were used to model the difference in the marginal rate of exacerbations between sequences while controlling for individual demographic factors and the correlation within each student and between students within each school. Results 527 students with asthma were enrolled among 31 schools. The hand hygiene intervention did not reduce the number of asthma exacerbations as compared to the schools’ usual hand hygiene practices (p=0.132). There was a strong temporal trend as both sequences experienced fewer exacerbations during Year 2 as compared to Year 1 (peffective, the results were confounded by the H1N1 influenza pandemic that resulted in substantially increased hand hygiene behaviors and resources in usual care schools. Therefore, these results should be viewed cautiously. PMID:23069487

Gerald, Joe K.; Zhang, Bin; McClure, Leslie A.; Bailey, William C.; Harrington, Kathy F.

2012-01-01

464

The Visual Magnocellular Pathway in Chinese-Speaking Children with Developmental Dyslexia  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous research into the cognitive processes involved in reading Chinese and developmental dyslexia in Chinese, revealed that the single most important factor appears to be orthographic processing skills rather than phonological skills. Also some studies have indicated that even in alphabetic languages some dyslexic individuals reveal deficits…

Wang, Jiu-Ju; Bi, Hong-Yan; Gao, Li-Qun; Wydell, Taeko N.

2010-01-01

465

Form and Structure of Chinese Characters and Children's Understanding of Science  

Science.gov (United States)

The written representation in Chinese can be considered as a pictorial or a symbolic representation which is very different from English where the pronunciation is related to how the word is spelt. Students face challenges of a very different nature when science is learnt in Chinese compared with English. In Hong Kong, students are making…

Cheng, May May Hung

2011-01-01

466

Zinc status in goitrous school children of Semirom, Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

  • BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency produces the spectrum of iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs including endemic goiter, hypothyroidism, cretinism and congenital anomalies. Other factors, including goitrogens and micronutrient deficiencies may influence the prevalence and severity of IDDs and response to iodine supplementation. An ssociation between zinc and goiter has previously been reported.
  • METHODS: A cross sectional study investigating an association between goiter and serum zinc status was performed in 2003 in a mountainous region of Iran. One thousand eight hundred twenty-eight children were selected by multistage cluster sampling. Goiter staging was performed by inspection and palpation. Serum zinc, total thyroxine, thyroid stimulating hormone and urinary iodine concentration were measured in a group of these children.
  • RESULTS: Thirty six and seven tenth percent of subjects were classified as goitrous. Serum zinc level in goitrous and nongoitrous children was 82.80 ± 17.85 and 83.38 ± 16.25 9g/dl, respectively (p = 0.81. The prevalence of zinc deficiency (serum zinc ; 65 9g/dl in goitrous and nongoitrous children did not differ significantly (9.3 % vs. 10.8%, p = 0.70.
  • CONCLUSION: Goiter is still a public health problem in Semirom. According to the present study zinc status may not play a role in the etiology of goiter in Semirom school children. However, the role of other goitrogens or micronutrient deficiencies should be investigated in this region.
  • KEYWORDS: Goiter, Iodine Deficiency, Zinc Deficiency, Child.

mohammad hassan moaddab

2009-05-01

467

Popularity and Development of Self-esteem in the Children of Pre-school Groups and Primary School Classes  

OpenAIRE

The novelty and urgency of this work is dictated by the fact that there are not much research work dedicated to the Lithuanian pre-school and primary school children popularity and self-esteem comparative analysis. The purpose of the work was to establish find the connections (relationships) between the popularity and stimulation of self-esteem in the children of same age of pre-school groups and primary school classes. The following methods were used in the study: scientific literature analy...

Mankute?, Audrone?

2006-01-01

468

Quality Education through Child-Friendly Schools: Resource Allocation for the Protection of Children's Rights  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper discusses the idea and purpose of Child-Friendly Schools (CFSs) initiated by the UNICEF. It analyses the implications of CFSs in terms of improving children's health and nutrition, promoting gender equality, protecting children's rights, re-defining education quality and creating positive psycho-emotional environment at schools.…

Orkodashvili, Mariam

2010-01-01

469

Aggressive and Prosocial Peer Group Functioning: Effects on Children's Social, School, and Psychological Adjustment  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the effects of aggressive and prosocial contexts of peer groups on children's socioemotional and school adjustment. Data on informal peer groups, social functioning, and different aspects of adjustment were collected from multiple sources in a sample of elementary school children (149 boys, 181 girls; M age = 10 years).…

Chung-Hall, Janet; Chen, Xinyin

2010-01-01

470

Mini-Groups for School Children: Preventive Self-Help Groups that Teach Physicians  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Rochester School Health Program involves the meeting of pediatric residents with community elementary school students, with whom they serve as consulting physicians and as leaders of small discussion groups. The program improves residents' skills in working with children, and childrens' skills in group relations. (MJB)

Rockowitz, Ruth J.; Hammar, Sandra Lynn

1978-01-01

471

School Behavior of First Grade Children Identified as At-Risk for Development of Conduct Problems.  

Science.gov (United States)

A direct observation procedure was used to evaluate first-grade children identified in kindergarten as at risk for development of conduct disorders based on behavior problem incidence rates of schools, teacher reports of school readiness, and parents' ratings of child behavior. High-risk kindergarten children demonstrated first-grade difficulties…

Wehby, Joseph H.; And Others

1993-01-01

472

Screening for Asperger Syndrome in School-Age Children: Issues and Instruments  

Science.gov (United States)

Many children with Asperger syndrome are not identified prior to school entry, and difficulties associated with the condition may only become evident when a child enters school. Failure to identify children with the syndrome may lead to increased risk for psychopathology, and lack of understanding of the reasons for social and communicative…

Reilly, Colin; Campbell, Audrey; Keran, Patricia

2009-01-01

473

Thoughts from Sweden: The Blind Child at Nursery School with Sighted Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Blind children in Sweden are integrated with sighted children in nursery school from the age of two-three years. This paper describes the child's transition to the nursery school environment, play activities, parents' and teachers' reactions to the blind child's behavior, and use of videorecordings to provide feedback to teachers. (JDD)

Preisler, Gunilla; Palmer, Christina

1989-01-01

474

Shame Solutions: How Shame Impacts School-Aged Children and What Teachers Can Do to Help  

Science.gov (United States)

Though many psychologists and researchers argue over the age at which humans first experience shame, all agree that by age two children have the capacity to be shamed (Lansky and Morrison 1997). School-aged children have invariably been exposed to shame at home and receive an extra dose of it in our current school system. This essay investigates…

Monroe, Ann

2009-01-01

475

Central Auditory Processing Disorder in School-Aged Children: A Critical Review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the difficulty in validating central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) as a diagnostic label in school-aged children, and examines the extent to which reading, language, and attention disorders in school-aged children involve perceptual dysfunctions limited to a single sensory modality. Multimodal perceptual testing for diagnosis is…

Cacace, Anthony T.; McFarland, Dennis J.

1998-01-01

476

Children's Rights and School Psychology: Historical Perspective and Implications for the Profession  

Science.gov (United States)

School psychology and children's rights have great potential, well beyond what has been realized, for advancing the best interests of children, their communities, and societies. A child rights approach infused into school psychology can significantly contribute to the fulfillment of this potential. To respect and illuminate these factors and…

Hart, Stuart N.; Hart, Brannon W.

2014-01-01

477

Exploring Human Capital with Primary Children: What We Learn in School "Does" Matter  

Science.gov (United States)

At an early age, young children often wonder why they must go to school. They may see the connection between practice and their ability to kick a soccer ball or to play a musical instrument, but seldom know the answer to the question, "Why is school important?" Elementary teachers can give young children the opportunity to learn that…

Meszaros, Bonnie T.; Suiter, Mary C.

2014-01-01

478

"Technological Me": Young Children's Use of Technology across Their Home and School Contexts  

Science.gov (United States)

Research into children's learning with digital technologies is represented by a growing body of literature examining the relationship between home-school technological practices. A focus of this work is on the notion of a "digital-disconnect" between home and school. This argument suggests that children are such native users of…

Gronn, Donna; Scott, Anne; Edwards, Susan; Henderson, Michael

2014-01-01

479

Children's Food Security and Intakes from School Meals. Final Report. Contractor and Cooperator Report No. 61  

Science.gov (United States)

Using 2005 data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Third School Nutrition Dietary Assessment survey, this study examines the contribution of school meals to the food and nutrient intake of children in food-secure, marginally secure, and food-insecure households. The study finds that children from food-insecure and marginally secure…

Potamites, Elizabeth; Gordon, Anne

2010-01-01

480

Pediatric Psychology: Applications to the Schools Needs of Children with Health Disorders.  

Science.gov (United States)

A review of pediatric psychology considers interventions by school personnel to promote the school adjustment of children with serious medical illness. Psychosocial and educational impacts of cancer, spina bifida, enuresis, and encopresis are discussed; and suggestions for managing children with chronic health disorders, serious illness, and…

Perry, Joseph D.; Flanagan, William K.

1986-01-01

481

Second Year Evaluation Report for the Dothan City Schools Title III Project, "Comprehensive Services for Children."  

Science.gov (United States)

This report summarizes the activities and results of the second year of the Dothan City Schools Project, "Comprehensive Services for Children," funded under Elementary Secondary Education Act Title III. The project is concerned with the provision of special services to meet the needs of elementary school children suffering socio-emotional conflict…

Dufilho, L. Paul; And Others

482

Social Groups and Children's Intergroup Attitudes: Can School Norms Moderate the Effects of Social Group Norms?  

Science.gov (United States)

The effects of social group norms (inclusion vs. exclusion vs. exclusion-plus-relational aggression) and school norms (inclusion vs. no norm) on 7- and 10-year-old children's intergroup attitudes were examined. Children (n = 383) were randomly assigned to a group with an inclusion or exclusion norm, and to 1 of the school norm condit