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1

Chinese Immigrant Parents’ Involvement in their Children’s School Education: High Interest but Low Action  

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Full Text Available Using interview as the primary data collection method, this qualitative study examined how Chinese immigrant parents are involved in their children’s school education and what factors shape the formats of their involvement. Twelve Chinese immigrant families participated in this study. Data analysis reveals that Chinese parents got involved in their children’s school education regardless of personal experiences. They expressed beliefs that parental involvement is beneficial to both the school and children. However, generally speaking, participants did not go to their children’s school without teachers’ invitation. Language barrier, lack of time and energy, and unfamiliarity with the Canadian school culture were stated as the main reasons that contributed to participants’ limited involvement in school activities. Particularly, new immigrants often feel intimidated to talk to teachers since they do not know what they can say and what not given their unfamiliarity with the Canadian school culture. 

George Zhou

2011-05-01

2

The Voices of Thirteen Chinese and Taiwanese Parents Sharing Views about their Children Attending Chinese Heritage Schools  

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Many Chinese and Taiwanese parents in the United States see benefits of Chinese schools in providing their children the opportunity to learn Chinese culture and language. The results of this qualitative study involving interviews with thirteen Chinese and Taiwanese parents indicated that there were three main reasons why parents want to send their…

Liao, Li-yuan; Larke, Patrica J.

2008-01-01

3

Unpacking Mundane Practices: Children's Experiences of Learning Literacy at a Chinese Complementary School in Scotland  

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This article builds on the growing research interest in complementary schooling in England and internationally but a field of study less well trodden in Scotland. It takes a socio-cultural view of literacy learning and demonstrates how in a Chinese complementary school in central Scotland, spaces are created for children of primary-school age to…

Hancock, Andy

2012-01-01

4

Parenting style of Chinese fathers in Hong Kong: correlates with children's school-related performance.  

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This study investigates parenting styles among Chinese fathers in Hong Kong as perceived by their school-age children. Four parenting styles, namely inductive, indulgent, indifferent, and dictatorial parenting, are assessed using the Parent Behavior Report (1988). Data were collected through a questionnaire survey on a sample of 1011 Primary Three to Five Chinese students from six schools in Hong Kong and 471 fathers. Findings show that among Chinese fathers, the least common parenting style is inductive, while the other three styles are of similar occurrence. Chi-square analysis shows no significant association between children's grade level and father's parenting style. However, there is a significant association with gender, with fathers more likely to be perceived as dictatorial with boys and indulgent with girls. The effect of paternal styles on children's school-related performance is also examined. MANOVA results show that significant differences are found among children of the four paternal style groups with respect to academic performance, interest in school work, aspiration for education, involvement in extracurricular activities, and efficacy for self-regulated learning. Post-hoc tests reveal that children's performance is similar between the groups with indulgent and inductive fathers, and between children of indifferent and dictatorial fathers, with the former groups performing better than the latter in general. Findings are discussed with regard to research on parenting style and paternal behavior, as well as understanding the roles of fathers in Chinese families in the socio-cultural context in Hong Kong. PMID:12723448

Tam, Vicky C W; Lam, Rebecca S Y

2003-01-01

5

Prevalence and association between obesity and metabolic syndrome among Chinese elementary school children: a school-based survey  

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Abstract Background China has experienced an increase in the prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity over the last decades. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome among Chinese school children and determine if there is a significant association between childhood obesity and metabolic syndrome. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1844 children (938 males and 906 females) in six elementary schoo...

2010-01-01

6

Early Childhood Behavioral Inhibition and Social and School Adjustment in Chinese Children: A 5-Year Longitudinal Study  

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This study examined relations between early behavioral inhibition and social and school outcomes in Chinese children (N = 200). Data on behavioral inhibition were collected from a sample of 2-year-olds in China. Follow-up data on social behaviors, peer relationships, and school performance were collected from multiple sources at 7 years of age.…

Chen, Xinyin; Chen, Huichang; Li, Dan; Wang, Li

2009-01-01

7

Prevalence of dietary supplement use in healthy pre-school Chinese children in Australia and China.  

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There is a growing use of dietary supplements in many countries including China. This study aimed to document the prevalence of dietary supplements use and characteristics of Chinese pre-school children using dietary supplements in Australia and China. A survey was carried out in Perth, Western Australia of 237 mothers with children under five years old and 2079 in Chengdu and Wuhan, China. A total of 22.6% and 32.4% of the Chinese children were taking dietary supplements in Australia and China, respectively. In China, the most commonly used dietary supplements were calcium (58.5%) and zinc (40.4%), while in Australia, the most frequently used types were multi-vitamins/minerals (46.2%) and fish oil (42.3%). In Australia, "not working", "never breastfeed", "higher education level of the mother" and "older age of the child" were associated with dietary supplement use in children. In China, being unwell and "having higher household income" were significantly related to dietary supplement usage. Because of the unknown effects of many supplements on growth and development and the potential for adverse drug interactions, parents should exercise caution when giving their infants or young children dietary supplements. Wherever possible it is preferable to achieve nutrient intakes from a varied diet rather than from supplements. PMID:24566439

Chen, Shu; Binns, Colin W; Maycock, Bruce; Liu, Yi; Zhang, Yuexiao

2014-01-01

8

Hong Kong Chinese school children with elevated urine melamine levels: A prospective follow up study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2008, the outbreak of kidney stones in children fed by melamine-tainted milk products in Mainland China has caused major public concern of food safety. We identified Hong Kong school children with elevated urine melamine level from a community-based school survey in 2007-08 and reviewed their clinical status in 2009. Methods In 2007-08, 2119 school children participated in a primary and secondary school survey in Hong Kong using a cluster sampling method. Urine aliquots from 502 subjects were assayed for melamine level. High urine melamine level was defined as urine melamine/creatinine ratio >7.1 ?g/mmol. Subjects with high urine melamine level were invited for clinical evaluation in 2009 including urinalysis and ultrasound imaging of the urinary system. Results The age range of this subcohort was 6 - 20 years with 67% girls (335 female and 167 male subjects. The spot urine melamine/creatinine ratio of the 502 urine aliquots ranged from undetectable to 1467 ?g/mmol (median 0.8 ?g/mmol. Of these, 213 subjects had undetectable level (42%. We invited 47 (9% subjects with high urine melamine level for re-evaluation and one subject declined. The median duration of follow-up was 23.5 months (interquartile range: 19.8 - 30.6 months. None of the 46 subjects (28% boys, mean age 13.9 ± 2.9 years had any abnormality detected on ultrasound study of the urinary system. All subjects had stable renal function with a median urine albumin-creatinine ratio of 0.70 mg/mmol (interquartile range: 0.00 - 2.55 mg/mmol. Conclusions Hong Kong Chinese school children with high urine melamine levels appeared to have benign clinical course in the short term although a long term follow-up study is advisable in those with persistently high urine melamine level.

Chu Winnie CW

2011-05-01

9

"When I was little": childhood recollections in Chinese and European Canadian grade school children.  

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Recollection of early childhood experiences was investigated in 225 European Canadian and 133 Chinese children (ages 8, 11, and 14) by a memory fluency task that measured accessibility of multiple early memories and elicited the earliest memory. Younger children provided memories of events that occurred at earlier ages than older children. Furthermore, Canadian children produced more memories and had an earlier age of first memory than did Chinese children, with cultural differences in both measures increasing with age. It appears that while adultlike childhood amnesia is still emerging among Canadian children, Chinese children by age 14 already resemble adults. Content of Canadian versus Chinese children's memories reflected an autonomous versus relational self-construal. Results are discussed in terms of sociocultural influences on memory. PMID:19467007

Peterson, Carole; Wang, Qi; Hou, Yubo

2009-01-01

10

Prevalence and association between obesity and metabolic syndrome among Chinese elementary school children: a school-based survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background China has experienced an increase in the prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity over the last decades. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome among Chinese school children and determine if there is a significant association between childhood obesity and metabolic syndrome. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1844 children (938 males and 906 females in six elementary schools at Guangzhou city from April to June 2009. The body mass index (BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, Tanner stage, lipids, insulin and glucose levels were determined. Criteria analogous to ATPIII were used for diagnosis of metabolic syndrome in children. Results Among 1844 children aged 7-14 years, 205 (11.1% were overweight, and 133 (7.2% were obese. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 6.6% overall, 33.1% in obese, 20.5% in overweight and 2.3% in normal weight children. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that BMI (3rd quartile(OR 3.28; 95%CI 0.35-30.56, BMI (4th quartile(OR 17.98; 95%CI 1.75-184.34, homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR (2nd quartile (OR2.36; 95% CI 0.46-12.09, HOMA-IR (3rd quartile (OR 2.46; 95% CI 0.48-12.66, HOMA-IR (4th quartile (OR3.87; 95% CI 0.72-20.71 were significantly associated with metabolic syndrome. Conclusions The current epidemic of obesity with subsequent increasing cardiovascular risk factors has constituted a threat to the health of school children in China. HOMA-IR and BMI were strong predictors of metabolic syndrome in children. Therefore, rigorous obesity prevention programs should be implemented among them.

Liu AiLing

2010-12-01

11

"When I Was Little": Childhood Recollections in Chinese and European Canadian Grade School Children  

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Recollection of early childhood experiences was investigated in 225 European Canadian and 133 Chinese children (ages 8, 11, and 14) by a memory fluency task that measured accessibility of multiple early memories and elicited the earliest memory. Younger children provided memories of events that occurred at earlier ages than older children.…

Peterson, Carole; Wang, Qi; Hou, Yubo

2009-01-01

12

Hong Kong Chinese school children with elevated urine melamine levels: A prospective follow up study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background In 2008, the outbreak of kidney stones in children fed by melamine-tainted milk products in Mainland China has caused major public concern of food safety. We identified Hong Kong school children with elevated urine melamine level from a community-based school survey in 2007-08 and reviewed their clinical status in 2009. Methods In 2007-08, 2119 school children participated in a primary and secondary school survey in Hong Kong using a cluster ...

Ps, Kong Alice; Choi Kai-Chow; Ho Chung; Hm, Chan Michael; Wong Chun; Kh, Liu Eric; Cw, Chu Winnie; Cy, Chow Viola; Tf, Lau Joseph; Cn, Chan Juliana

2011-01-01

13

Syntactic skills in sentence reading comprehension among Chinese elementary school children  

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The present study examined the role of syntactic skills for reading comprehension in Chinese. Two hundred and seventy-two Chinese children were tested on their phonological processing, orthographic, morphological, syntactic, and literacy skills at Grades 1 and 2. Hierarchical multiple regression results showed that syntactic skills, in terms of word order, connective usage, and knowledge of morphosyntactic structure (measured by an oral cloze task) in Grade 1, significantly predicted sentence...

2011-01-01

14

Parents-school relationships. the case of Chinese children in French Immersion in Vancouver, BC  

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This study explores the relationship between minority language parents and schools. The research was conducted through semi-structured interviews with the parents to collect their thoughts and preferences in regards to their experiences and involvement at their children’s schools as well as their perspective on the inclusion of their culture and language as a part of the school program. The themes which emerge from the data include the language barrier, logistics, the role of parents and te...

Douglas, Brooke

2009-01-01

15

Chinese School, Hong Kong  

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270 x 200 mm. View showing a large class of Chinese pupils seated at tables in the open air in front of the unidentifed school buildings. These young girls appear to be engaged in some sort of sewing activity. Probably taken in the 1880s.

2003-01-01

16

Transfer of reading-related cognitive skills in learning to read Chinese (L1) and English (L2) among Chinese elementary school children  

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This study investigated transfer of reading-related cognitive skills between learning to read Chinese (L1) and English (L2) among Chinese children in Hong Kong. Fifty-three Grade 2 students were tested on word reading, phonological, orthographic and rapid naming skills in Chinese (L1) and English (L2). The major findings were: (a) significant correlations between Chinese and English measures in phonological awareness and rapid naming, but not in orthographic skills; (b) significant unique con...

2009-01-01

17

The Development of the Chinese Character Knowledge in Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking Children  

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This paper reports a study on the development of the Chinese character recognition knowledge in 2 942 Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking elementary school children. 2 357 Chinese characters in the Revised Chinese Character List (2007) for Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking elementary school children were divided into 36 versions of test booklets to test the school children’s character recognition knowledge. Each test booklet consisted of a list of 130 to 132 character items, with 50% of linkage to the ...

2011-01-01

18

Mandarin Chinese Immersion Program for Preschool Children in an Urban Private School in California: A Case Study  

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This study enlisted language immersion practitioners in highlighting and exploring the issues and challenges that accompany language immersion education. Comprehensive focused personal interviews of preschool Mandarin Chinese language immersion educators in a private school provided the basis of the study. The research literature reviewed…

Cao, Yuan

2013-01-01

19

Mathematics achievement of Chinese, Japanese, and American children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

American kindergarten children lag behind Japanese children in their understanding of mathematics; by fifth grade they are surpassed by both Japanese and Chinese children. Efforts to isolate bases for these differences involved testing children on other achievement and cognitive tasks, interviewing mothers and teachers, and observing children in their classrooms. Cognitive abilities of children in the three countries are similar, but large differences exist in the children's life in school, the attitudes and beliefs of their mothers, and the involvement of both parents and children in schoolwork

1986-02-14

20

Association between bisphenol A exposure and body mass index in Chinese school children: a cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background There is increasing evidence suggesting that Bisphenol A (BPA, one of the highest volume chemicals produced worldwide, can interfere with the body’s natural weight control mechanisms to promote obesity. However, epidemiological studies for this are limited, especially for children. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the association between BPA exposure and body mass index (BMI in school children. Three primary and three middle schools were randomly selected from 26 primary and 30 middle candidate schools in Changning District of Shanghai City in China. According to the BMI-based criteria by age and sex for screening of overweight or obese children, we randomly chose 20 obese, 10 overweight, and 30 normal weight children aged 8-15 years of age from each selected school. First morning urine was collected and total urine BPA concentrations were determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to examine the association of urine BPA concentrations and daily intake estimates with BMI. Results BPA was detected in 84.9% of urine samples with a geometric mean of 0.45 ng/mL. The daily intake estimates ranged from 0.03 ?g/day to 1.96 ?g/day with a geometric mean of 0.37 ?g/day. The average urine BPA concentrations and daily intake estimates were similar for boys and girls, but significantly higher in older children than younger ones, and showed an increasing trend with BMI. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that urine BPA concentrations were significantly associated with increasing BMI values in all subjects after adjustment for age and sex and the results were similar before and after corrected by urine specific gravity. When stratified by age or sex, the associations remained significant in females and in those 8-11 years of age before corrected by specific gravity. Similar results were shown for the association between BMI and daily intake estimates. Conclusions There is a possibility that BPA exposure increases BMI in school children. Given the cross-sectional nature of this study, longitudinal studies are warranted to confirm BPA exposure as a contributor to increased BMI in children.

Wang He-xing

2012-10-01

 
 
 
 
21

Transgender Children in Schools  

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This article is intended to provide evidence to suggest that information for teachers regarding transgender children does not represent an adequate picture of transgendered children in schools and that primary schools need to be made more aware of how to deal with transgender children, even if these children do not make themselves known to staff. It will argue that this is probably a contributing factor in transgender children’s underachievement in school. The implications of this resear...

Hellen, Mark

2009-01-01

22

Chinese and Dutch parents' perceptions of their children's personality.  

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The authors coded Chinese (n = 401) and Dutch (n = 324) parents' free descriptions of their 3- to 14-year-old children's personalities using a 14-category coding system partially based on the Big Five. Of the Chinese and Dutch personality descriptors, 86% and 77%, respectively, could be classified in the first 5 main categories resembling the five-factor model of adult personality. No significant differences were found for gender, socio-economic status, or city in these categories. Chinese parents of school age children generated many more descriptors, mostly critical, in the domain of conscientiousness. The findings reflect Chinese high achievement orientation and show that the classification system, which presently serves as a basis for developing indigenous questionnaires for personality assessment of children in China and some Western countries, is sensitive to cultural differences. PMID:12095087

Zhang, Yuching; Kohnstamm, Geldolph; Slotboom, Anne-Marie; Elphick, Eric; Cheung, Ping Chung

2002-06-01

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Evaluation of an Internet-short message service-based intervention for promoting physical activity in Hong Kong Chinese adolescent school children: a pilot study.  

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Evaluation of acceptability and preliminary efficacy of an Internet and short message service (SMS) intervention for promoting physical activity (PA) in Hong Kong Chinese school children. An 8-week quasi-experimental study non-randomly assigned 78 school children (mean age=12.8 years) to (a) an intervention group that received a stage-matched, Internet PA program two times a week and tailored SMS messages daily; or (b) a no-treatment control. Data were collected from September 2008 until June 2009. Acceptability measures included exposure rate and participant's satisfaction. Efficacy measures were changes in stage of motivational readiness (SMR) and self-reported PA level. Intervention participants demonstrated significant pre-post increments in SMR (Z=-2.558, p=0.011) and self-reported PA level [F(1, 76)=4.50, p=0.04]. There was a non-significant trend between groups in both SMR (p=0.24) and PA (p=0.13). Despite the similar ratings of satisfaction between Internet (M=3.12±0.74) and SMS (M=3.12±0.84), participants displayed distinct patterns of exposure with 66% exhibiting a weekly login rate of 0.5 times/person and an average of 3.75 minutes/visit/person. In contrast, 79% of participants read an average of 1.3 SMS/person/week and 47% voluntarily replied to ?3.8 SMS/person. These findings demonstrate the acceptability and preliminary efficacy of an Internet-SMS-based intervention for promoting PA in Hong Kong school children. The divergent exposure rates between the Internet and SMS may be a unique pattern for adolescents in early SMR. Future research should be cognizant of the importance of SMR since it may influence utilization and/or adherence. PMID:22897473

Lau, Erica Y; Lau, Patrick W C; Chung, Pak-Kwong; Ransdell, Lynda B; Archer, Edward

2012-08-01

24

Distinguishing Proactive and Reactive Aggression in Chinese Children  

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This study examined proactive and reactive aggression and their relation to psychosocial adjustment in three samples (N = 767, 368 girls, M age = 10.03) of Chinese school age children. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed that a two-factor model which distinguished both proactive and reactive aggression fit the data reasonably well, and also fit…

Xu, Yiyuan; Zhang, Zengxiu

2008-01-01

25

Health Shocks and Children's School Attainments in Rural China  

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Using a long panel dataset of Chinese farm households covering the period of 1987-2002, this paper studies how major health shocks happening to household adults affect children's school attainments. We find that primary school-age children are the most vulnerable to health shocks, with their chances to enter middle school dropping by 9.9…

Sun, Ang; Yao, Yang

2010-01-01

26

Parent Involvement in Children's Education: An Exploratory Study of Urban, Chinese Immigrant Families  

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This exploratory study examined the involvement of Chinese immigrant parents in children's elementary and secondary education. Participants were 29 low-income, urban parents of public school children working primarily in the hospitality sector. Parents were interviewed about their academic expectations, knowledge of school performance, parent…

Ji, Cheng Shuang; Koblinsky, Sally A.

2009-01-01

27

Relations of Perceived Maternal Parenting Style, Practices, and Learning Motivation to Academic Competence in Chinese Children  

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A measure of academic parenting practices was developed through parent and teacher interviews and subsequently administered to 91 Hong Kong Chinese fifth graders, who also rated their mothers' restrictiveness and concern, school motivation, and self-perceived academic competence. Children's actual school grades were obtained from school records.…

Cheung, Cecilia S.; McBride-Chang, Catherine

2008-01-01

28

Outside school English literacy of school-aged new immigrant children from China  

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This study explored non-school English literacy experiences of children from low English Chinese immigrant families who have been in Canada for less than three years. Observing from the perspective of sociocultural learning theory, I examined what the two focal children’s outside-school literacy lives were like and how parents supported the children’s literacy development. Data was analysed by drawing on the theories on emergent literacy, “family as educators”, and “funds of knowled...

2008-01-01

29

Bidirectional Relations between Temperament and Parenting Styles in Chinese Children  

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The present study examined bidirectional relations between child temperament and parenting styles in a sample (n = 425) of Chinese children during elementary school period (age range = 6 to 9 years at Wave 1). Using two waves (3.8 years apart) of longitudinal data, we tested two hypotheses: (1) whether child temperament (effortful control and anger/frustration) at Wave 1 predicts parenting styles (authoritative and authoritarian parenting) at Wave 2, controlling for Wave 1 parenting; and (2) ...

2013-01-01

30

Waist circumference cut-off values for the prediction of cardiovascular risk factors clustering in Chinese school-aged children: a cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Waist circumference has been identified as a valuable predictor of cardiovascular risk in children. The development of waist circumference percentiles and cut-offs for various ethnic groups are necessary because of differences in body composition. The purpose of this study was to develop waist circumference percentiles for Chinese children and to explore optimal waist circumference cut-off values for predicting cardiovascular risk factors clustering in this population. Methods Height, weight, and waist circumference were measured in 5529 children (2830 boys and 2699 girls aged 6-12 years randomly selected from southern and northern China. Blood pressure, fasting triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and glucose were obtained in a subsample (n = 1845. Smoothed percentile curves were produced using the LMS method. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis was used to derive the optimal age- and gender-specific waist circumference thresholds for predicting the clustering of cardiovascular risk factors. Results Gender-specific waist circumference percentiles were constructed. The waist circumference thresholds were at the 90th and 84th percentiles for Chinese boys and girls respectively, with sensitivity and specificity ranging from 67% to 83%. The odds ratio of a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors among boys and girls with a higher value than cut-off points was 10.349 (95% confidence interval 4.466 to 23.979 and 8.084 (95% confidence interval 3.147 to 20.767 compared with their counterparts. Conclusions Percentile curves for waist circumference of Chinese children are provided. The cut-off point for waist circumference to predict cardiovascular risk factors clustering is at the 90th and 84th percentiles for Chinese boys and girls, respectively.

Xu Ying

2010-02-01

31

Intertextuality in Chinese High School Students' Essay Writing  

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This paper investigates the intertextual practices developed for writing in Chinese of high school students in Taiwan. On the basis of texts written by Chinese high school students, we investigate these practices within their own cultural context to develop an understanding of intertextual practices into which Chinese learners are socialised. We…

Liddicoat, Anthony J.; Scrimgeour, Andrew; Chen, Toni

2008-01-01

32

The Chinese High School Student's Stress in the School and Academic Achievement  

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In a sample of 466 Chinese high school students, we examined the relationships between Chinese high school students' stress in the school and their academic achievements. Regression mixture modelling identified two different classes of the effects of Chinese high school students' stress on their academic achievements. One class contained 87% of…

Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

2011-01-01

33

Chinese Translation Errors in English/Chinese Bilingual Children's Picture Books  

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The aim of this study was to review the Chinese translation errors in 31 English/Chinese bilingual children's picture books. While bilingual children's books make definite contributions to language acquisition, few studies have examined the quality of these books, and even fewer have specifically focused on English/Chinese bilingual books.…

Huang, Qiaoya; Chen, Xiaoning

2012-01-01

34

Temperament, Harsh and Indulgent Parenting, and Chinese Children's Proactive and Reactive Aggression  

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This study examined the additive and interactive effects of temperament and harsh and indulgent parenting on Chinese children's proactive and reactive aggression. Participants were 401 children (M [subscript age] = 9.29 years, 203 girls) and their parents who were recruited from 2 elementary schools in Shanghai, People's Republic of China. The…

Xu, Yiyuan; Farver, Jo Ann M.; Zhang, Zengxiu

2009-01-01

35

Children's Understanding of Television Advertising: A Revisit in the Chinese Context  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors conducted a survey of 1,758 elementary school children (6-14 years old) from December 2001, to March 2002, in 3 Chinese cities with different levels of television advertising. The authors used D. R. John's (1999) model of consumer socialization as the theoretical framework for their study. More than half of the children whom the…

Chan, Kara; McNeal, James U.

2004-01-01

36

Social Capital in Promoting the Psychosocial Adjustment of Chinese Migrant Children: Interaction across Contexts  

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Drawing upon a sample of 772 migrant children and their parents in Shanghai, China, this study investigated how the interactions of social capital embedded in a range of social contexts (i.e., family, school, peer, and community) influenced the psychosocial adjustment of Chinese migrant children. Results of multiple-group structural equation…

Wu, Qiaobing; Palinkas, Lawrence A.; He, Xuesong

2011-01-01

37

Chinese and Australian Children's Understandings of the Earth: A Cross Cultural Study of Conceptual Development  

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The purpose of this study was to explore Chinese and Australian primary children's conceptual understandings of the Earth. The research was conducted in the interpretive paradigm and was designed to be descriptive with comparative and cross sectional elements. Participants were Year 3 and Year 6 children from three schools in Hunan Province,…

Tao, Ying; Oliver, Mary; Venville, Grady

2013-01-01

38

Bidirectional Relations between Temperament and Parenting Styles in Chinese Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined bidirectional relations between child temperament and parenting styles in a sample (n = 425) of Chinese children during elementary school period (age range = 6 to 9 years at Wave 1). Using two waves (3.8 years apart) of longitudinal data, we tested two hypotheses: (1) whether child temperament (effortful control and anger/frustration) at Wave 1 predicts parenting styles (authoritative and authoritarian parenting) at Wave 2, controlling for Wave 1 parenting; and (2) whether parenting styles at Wave 1 predict Wave 2 temperament, controlling for Wave 1 temperament. We found support for bidirectional relations between temperament and authoritarian parenting, such that higher effortful control and lower anger/frustration were associated with higher authoritarian parenting across time and in both directions. There were no significant cross-time associations between children's temperament and authoritative parenting. These findings extend the previous tests of transactional relations between child temperament and parenting in Chinese children and are consistent with the cultural values toward effortful control and control of anger/frustration in Chinese society. PMID:23482684

Lee, Erica H; Zhou, Qing; Eisenberg, Nancy; Wang, Yun

2013-01-01

39

MOTIVATION OF SCHOOL CHILDREN.  

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AN EXTENSIVE REVIEW OF THE RELEVANT LITERATURE SINCE 1900 SEEMS TO INDICATE THAT, IN SOME WAY, THERE IS AN INTERACTION BETWEEN INTELLIGENCE, AGE, SOCIAL GROUP, AND THE EFFECTS OF PRAISE AND BLAME ON SCHOOL CHILDREN. INCONSISTENCIES IN EXPERIMENTAL FACTORS HAVE PRECLUDED ANY DEFINITIVE STATEMENTS REGARDING THE PROBLEM. AN INVESTIGATION OF THE…

KENNEDY, WALLACE A.; WILLCUTT, HERMAN C.

40

Reference standards for forced expiratory indices in Chinese preschool children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spirometric testing is traditionally achievable in children of school-age and beyond. Incorporation of interactive incentives motivates preschool children to facilitate measurement of forced expiratory indices. Validated spirometric reference standards are available for Caucasian preschoolers but lacking in Asians. We established spirometric references in Chinese children aged 2-7 years, who were recruited from 19 randomly selected nurseries and kindergartens in Hong Kong. Parents completed International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire, and children concurrently performed incentive spirometry on-site according to international guideline. Prediction equations for spirometric indices were formulated by linear regression. One thousand four hundred two (72.9%) of 1,922 consented children, with mean (SD) age 4.4 (1.0) years, successfully performed spirometry. Following exclusions due to medical and technical reasons, 895 (63.8%) children contributed spirometric data to our references. Girls had lower FEV0.5 , FEV0.75 , FEV1 , FVC, and PEF but similar FEF25-75 than boys, adjusted for age, weight, and standing height as covariates. Standing height was the most important predictor for FEV0.5 , FEV0.75 , FEV1 , FVC, and PEF in both boys (adjusted R(2) 0.525-0.734) and girls (adjusted R(2) 0.583-0.721), whereas the best prediction model for both gender is formed by standing height, weight, and age. At various standing heights, our preschoolers had FEV1 Z-scores 0.13-1.00 higher than those of collaborative Caucasian reference. This study justifies the need for ethnic-specific reference equations and presents spirometry references in young Chinese children. Their forced expiratory indices are determined by gender, age, weight and standing height, and standing height is the best anthropometric index to predict all spirometric indices. PMID:23401490

Leung, Ting F; Liu, Tak C; Mak, Kwok K; Su, Xuefen; Sy, Hing Y; Li, Albert M; Lau, Joseph T F; Lum, Sooky; Wong, Gary W K

2013-11-01

 
 
 
 
41

Multilinguality, Multimodality, and Multicompetence: Code- and Modeswitching by Minority Ethnic Children in Complementary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the multilingual and multimodal practices of British Chinese children in complementary school classes from a multicompetence perspective. Using classroom interaction data from a number of Chinese complementary schools in 3 different cities in England, the article argues that the multicompetence perspective enables a holistic…

Wei, Li

2011-01-01

42

Strategic Management in National and Chinese Primary School in Malaysia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Strategic management is a set of managerial skills that should be used throughout the organization especially for all school leaders in a wide variety of functions to achieve organizational vision and mission or goals. This study aims to examine the level of practice of strategic management among the school administrators of National Primary School and Chinese Primary School in Seremban, Malaysia, in 12 aspects of school management. A total of 30 teachers from National Primary School and 30 t...

Jamalullail Abdul Wahab; Hamid, Aida Hanim A.; Mohd Izham Mohd Hamzah; Nurhasyida Abdullah Sani

2013-01-01

43

Chinese High School Graduates’ Beliefs About English Learning  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reports on an investigation of a cohort of Chinese high school graduates’ beliefs about English learning. A 24-item questionnaire is administered on 171 high school graduates to investigate their beliefs about the nature, difficulty, autonomy and learning environment in English learning. The data are analyzed through frequency statistics. Results show that Chinese high school graduates in general: 1) underestimate the difficulty of learning English; 2) expect communicative langua...

Li, Chi-li

2011-01-01

44

Moving Away or Fitting in?: Understanding Shyness in Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on three studies of shy behavior in Mainland Chinese children. In Study 1 (N = 107, M age = 10.05), a Chinese Shyness Scale (CSS) was developed based on Chinese teachers' open-ended descriptions of children's shy behavior. In Study 2 (N = 388, M age = 10.80) and Study 3 (N = 198, M age = 10.20), the construct validity of the two…

Xu, Yiyuan; Farver, Jo Ann M.; Chang, Lei; Zhang, Zengxiu; Yu, Lidong

2007-01-01

45

Use of developmental language scales in Chinese children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Reynell Developmental Language Scale (RDLS) and Symbolic Play Test (SPT) have been useful language tests for assessing the language age of children. Both tests have been validated in English-speaking children. However, there have been no studies conducted for Chinese children, whether Mandarin (Northerners) or Cantonese (Southerners) is used as the main dialect. As the Chinese population is the largest ethnic group in the world, and Chinese emigration occurred to nearly all parts of the world, it is essential to test whether these language tools can be applied for this ethnic group. The objective of this research was to study whether RDLS and SPT are useful in assessing the language age of Chinese children. Both RDLS (Chinese version) and SPT are conducted for 116 Chinese (Cantonese-speaking) children, aged 13-59 months, in Hong Kong. There is a significant positive correlation of the language age using RDLS and SPT with the chronological age of Chinese children. Both RDLS and SPT can be adopted in determining the language/mental age of Chinese (Cantonese-speaking) children. PMID:15036432

Au, Y L E; Ma, K M; Sy, W M; Lee, W C; Leung, L S J; Au Yeung, Y C; Chu, M Y; Chung, C K J; Ho, P K; Lau, W L; Law, P K; Siu, P Y; Tse, K S; Wong, Virginia

2004-03-01

46

Dermatoglyphs of Chinese Children with Down's Syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

A dermatoglyphic study of a group of 314 Chinese controls and 53 Chinese patients with the clinical and cytogenetic diagnosis of Down's syndrome has been presented, and results compared with other studies of European groups. The Chinese patient group had ...

J. I. Bryant I. Emanuel S. W. Huang R. Kronmal J. Lo

1970-01-01

47

Implementing Strategy Instruction in Chinese Language Classes: A School-Based Chinese Reading Strategy Instruction Programme  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: This was a small-scale study conducted in Hong Kong Chinese language classes, based on the research in cognitive strategy instruction. Purpose: This study aimed to explore whether Chinese language teachers were able to develop their own school-based strategy instruction programme through collaborating with the researcher. Programme…

Lau, Kit-ling

2006-01-01

48

Strategic Management in National and Chinese Primary School in Malaysia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Strategic management is a set of managerial skills that should be used throughout the organization especially for all school leaders in a wide variety of functions to achieve organizational vision and mission or goals. This study aims to examine the level of practice of strategic management among the school administrators of National Primary School and Chinese Primary School in Seremban, Malaysia, in 12 aspects of school management. A total of 30 teachers from National Primary School and 30 teachers from Chinese Primary School were taken as respondents in this study. The instrument used in this research was questionnaires and the analysis of this quantitative data employed descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The result of the study showed that there was a significant difference based on the types of the school in which the level of practice of strategic management among school administrators in Chinese Primary School was higher than the National Primary School. The findings are useful for school leaders, teachers and all school practitioners as well as policy makers of strategic planning and management issues as well as practices which exist in the twelve aspects studied. Implications for research and practice were discussed.

Jamalullail Abdul Wahab

2013-08-01

49

Chinese herbal medicine, sibship, and blood lead in children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVES: Risk factors for increased blood lead concentration (BPb) has been investigated. However, the effect of sibship and Chinese herbal medicine on BPb has not been systematically studied. In this study BPb data from voluntary testing was used to determine if Chinese herbal medicine and sibship were associated with BPb. METHODS: 319 children aged 1-7 were tested for BPb. Meanwhile, parents were interviewed to obtain information including consumption of Chinese herbal medicine, li...

Cheng, T. J.; Wong, R. H.; Lin, Y. P.; Hwang, Y. H.; Horng, J. J.; Wang, J. D.

1998-01-01

50

Education of Young Chinese Migrant Children: Challenges and Prospects  

Science.gov (United States)

Challenged by the national residency registration system in China, migrant children have always faced obstacles in accessing public education. Recent policy changes, however, have brought hope for these children. This article introduces some international concerns regarding migrant children and provides a close view of Chinese perspectives. Issues…

Hu, Bi Ying; Szente, Judit

2010-01-01

51

Parental Strategies in Supporting Chinese Children's Learning of English Vocabulary  

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This paper reports on parental involvement as experienced by a group of elite secondary school pupils in learning English vocabulary on the Chinese mainland. It highlights the variety of strategies that Chinese parents adopted to support, sustain and enhance these pupils' efforts to learn English vocabulary. They functioned as critical agents…

Gao, Xuesong

2012-01-01

52

Chinese Summer Schools Sell Quick Credits  

Science.gov (United States)

American-style summer programs in China, catering to Chinese-born students, have taken American universities by surprise. They are yet one more player in the complex and often opaque Chinese education industry, an industry in which American colleges are finding themselves increasingly entwined. These programs have become a booming enterprise,…

McMurtrie, Beth; Farrar, Lara

2013-01-01

53

Chinese Parenting Styles and Children's Self-Regulated Learning  

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Self-regulated learning is an important aspect of student learning and academic achievement. Certain parenting styles help children develop self-regulated learning and encourage them to exert control over their own learning. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between Chinese parenting style and children's involvement in…

Huang, Juan; Prochner, Larry

2004-01-01

54

Developmental Dyscalculia and Low Numeracy in Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Children struggle with mathematics for different reasons. Developmental dyscalculia and low numeracy--two kinds of mathematical difficulties--may have their roots, respectively, in poor understanding of exact non-symbolic numerosities and of symbolic numerals. This study was the first to explore whether Chinese children, despite cultural and…

Chan, Winnie Wai Lan; Au, Terry K.; Tang, Joey

2013-01-01

55

Young children's feelings about school.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined factors associated with young children's feelings about school in kindergarten and first grade, using a new measure, the Feelings about School (FAS). The FAS measures children's perceptions of academic competence, their feelings about the teacher, and their general attitudes toward school. Findings provided support for the reliability and validity of the FAS for kindergartners (N = 225) and first graders (N = 127). Variables presumed to predict children's feelings about school were the classroom structure, academic performance, and relationships with teachers. Feelings about school were expected to predict academic engagement. Correlational analyses indicated that kindergartners' and first graders' feelings about school were associated with their academic skills, as measured by direct assessments and teacher ratings. The evidence for first graders was stronger than for kindergartners. Kindergartners' general attitudes toward school were more negative in highly structured, teacher-directed classroom environments. First graders' perceptions of competence were more negative in classrooms lacking structure and control. First graders', but not kindergartners', perceptions of competence were significantly associated with academic engagement. PMID:11480942

Valeski, T N; Stipek, D J

2001-01-01

56

Bing Xin: First Female Writer of Modern Chinese Children’s Literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Bing Xin (1900-1999) was among the finest female writers of the early modern Chinese literature, and her poems and essays are full of praising of maternal love, glorification of sea and other natural scenes. They are most welcomed by children. For nearly a century, Bing Xin’s works have been avidly read by hundreds of millions of Chinese children and have been a fundamental force, shaping modern Chinese children’s literature. This paper examines the development of Bing Xin’s “philosop...

Lijun Bi

2013-01-01

57

Bing Xin: First Female Writer of Modern Chinese Children’s Literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Bing Xin (1900-1999 was among the finest female writers of the early modern Chinese literature, and her poems and essays are full of praising of maternal love, glorification of sea and other natural scenes. They are most welcomed by children. For nearly a century, Bing Xin’s works have been avidly read by hundreds of millions of Chinese children and have been a fundamental force, shaping modern Chinese children’s literature. This paper examines the development of Bing Xin’s “philosophy of love” as a social remedy through analysing her early works.

Lijun Bi

2013-05-01

58

Understanding the Nature of Performance: The Influence of Learner Background on School-Age Learner Achievement in Chinese  

Science.gov (United States)

While Chinese language learning in Australian schools is characterised by predominantly second language programs for learners who have had no prior exposure to the target language, there is increasing participation by Australian-born children who speak Putonghua (Mandarin) or another dialect at home. Curriculum and assessment frameworks and…

Scrimgeour, Andrew

2012-01-01

59

Chinese High School Graduates’ Beliefs About English Learning  

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Full Text Available This paper reports on an investigation of a cohort of Chinese high school graduates’ beliefs about English learning. A 24-item questionnaire is administered on 171 high school graduates to investigate their beliefs about the nature, difficulty, autonomy and learning environment in English learning. The data are analyzed through frequency statistics. Results show that Chinese high school graduates in general: 1 underestimate the difficulty of learning English; 2 expect communicative language teaching model; 3 demonstrate a high preference for an immersion approach; and 4 display a high degree of autonomy in English learning. The findings are beneficial for need analysis and provide guidance for curriculum design to the University in research and other similar contexts.
Key words: High school graduates; Beliefs about English learning; English learning experiences

Chi-li LI

2011-10-01

60

Learning to be Chinese: The Cultural Politics of Chinese Ethnic Schooling and Diaspora Construction in Contemporary Korea  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this dissertation, I examine the particular diaspora construction of the overseas Chinese in South Korea focusing on their educational practice, and looking at how it relates to and reflects their identities and subjectivities. The Chinese in Korea, or Korean huaqiaos, have no parallel in that they still retain Chinese (Taiwanese) nationality despite their over one hundred years of settlement in Korea, and in that most opt for full-time Chinese ethnic schooling with exclusively Taiwanese-a...

Chung, Eun-ju

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Cross-Cultural Adjustment of Chinese Students in Japan: School Adjustment and Educational Support  

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This study investigates Chinese immigrant students' cross-cultural and school adjustment issues in Japanese schools. Using a quantitative method, a survey which collected students' demographic information, cross-cultural adjustment, and school adjustment questions was administered to 143 Chinese junior high and high school students in…

Li, Yuan Xiang; Sano, Hideki; Ahn, Ruth

2013-01-01

62

Parental unemployment and children's school performance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigates the effect of parental unemployment on children’s school performance. We use individual level data for all children completing lower secondary school in Sweden in 1990 directly moving on to three years of upper secondary school. We control for family and individual heterogeneity by means of lower secondary school GPA. The huge variation in Swedish unemployment during the beginning of the 1990s provides an ideal setting for testing the hypothesis that parental unemplo...

2006-01-01

63

Teacher Perceptions of School Culture and Their Organizational Commitment and Well-Being in a Chinese School  

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This study aims to analyze and validate the dimensions and specific features of a school culture in a Chinese context. A sample of 181 teachers from a Chinese primary and secondary school in Beijing participated in a survey that measures school organizational cultural characteristics and teacher organizational commitment and well-being as outcomes…

Zhu, Chang; Devos, Geert; Li, Yifei

2011-01-01

64

The Association of Weight Status with Physical Fitness among Chinese Children  

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Full Text Available Objective. To investigate the association of weight status with physical fitness among Chinese children. Methods. A total of 6929 children aged 6–12 years were selected from 15 primary schools of 5 provincial capital cities in eastern China. The height and fasting body weight were measured. The age-, sex-specific BMI WHO criteria was used to define underweight, overweight and obesity. Physical fitness parameters including standing broad jump, 50?m sprint, and 50?m?8 shuttle run were tested. Results. The prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity was 3.1%, 14.9%, and 7.8%, respectively. Boys performed better than girls, and the older children performed better than their younger counterparts for all physical fitness tests. No significant difference in all three physical fitness tests were found between children with underweight and with normal weight, and they both performed better than their counterparts with overweight and obese in all three physical fitness tests. The likelihood of achieving good performance was much lower among overweight and obese children in comparison with their counterparts with normal weight (OR=0.13–0.54. Conclusions. An inverse association of obesity with cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle explosive strength, and speed was identified among Chinese children.

Ying Li

2010-01-01

65

Unhealthy Behaviours of School Children  

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Full Text Available Aim: The objective of the study was to ascertain nutritional customs of pupils in grade schools.Material and Method: Anonymous questionnaires were done to a sample of 380 children, aged 10 to 14, in 20 fourth-to eight grade classes from 2 schools in Cluj-Napoca: one from down-town, the other one from a poorer neighbourhood.Results: Almost half of students revealed to have an irregular diet. In the last month, some of them did not have enough food or money to buy it (much of them come from the poorer neighbourhood. In this latest school, a triple percent of children have a vegetable diet (no meat, in fact. The obsession to lose weight and the irregular diet has conducted to lose appetite in over 30% of girls. About 60% take vitamins or nutritional supplements. Social status as well as the irregular diet is reflected in general status: over one third feel sad, alone, useless or cry without any reason. Some of the pupils which have problems with daily food supply, think the life is hard and do not worth to live it.Conclusions: There is a wide diversity in nutritional customs of children. Some of them are due to inappropriate nutritional knowledge or a wrong perception of being on fashion as well as to social status. Although the economic conditions are difficult to change, we consider that nutrition education should still be a part of health teaching.

Valeria LAZA

2008-12-01

66

Links between Chinese Mothers' Parental Beliefs and Responses to Children's Expression of Negative Emotions  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated relations between parental beliefs and mothers' reported responses to their children's negative emotions. Altogether 189 Chinese mothers of children aged six to eight years were interviewed in group sessions using structured questionnaires. It was found that Chinese mothers endorsed Guan, the Chinese parental beliefs. They…

Chan, Siu Mui

2012-01-01

67

Brand Perceptions among School Children  

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Full Text Available This paper aims to explore the perception of children towards brand consciousness by using drawings and open-ended questions. A total of 20 primary school were requested to draw what they think about two statements given related to a person with branded materials and a person without branded materials. After drawing, respondents were personally interviewed regarding belongings of branded goods with cheerfulness, friendship, behaviour characters and desire for belongings. Results from the analysis of the drawings and interviews indicate that that there are significant differences in the children perception of someone with or without branded materials. Based on these findings, one hypothesis was proposed about perception of children with regard the knowledge of brand awareness.

Wan Edura Wan Rashid

2009-02-01

68

Building Bridges in a Third Space: A Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experiences of Teaching Chinese in American Chinese Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the lived experiences of Chinese teachers in American Chinese Schools. Max van Manen's methodology for hermeneutic phenomenological research provides a framework for the study, and the philosophical writings of Heidegger, Gadamer, and Derrida guide the textual interpretations. Pedagogical voices of Aoki, Pinar, and Greene,…

Weng, Xuan; Lin, Jing

2013-01-01

69

Dropout of Children from schools in Nepal  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nepal, a developing country of the south-asian region has bigger problem of children not completing the full cycle of basic education. In other words, large number of children dropout of schools, especially in the primary and secondary level of schooling. Especially, the situation is worse for those of the backward and socially disadvantaged populations and of the rural and the remote areas. Being in this frame, this study focused on the reasons of dropout of children from schools and the pos...

Wagle, Dhirendra

2012-01-01

70

School Success for Children with Arthritis  

Science.gov (United States)

... and more. Read More email print share School Success Here is some basic information for teachers, parents ... chronic illnesses to ensure their best opportunity for success in the school setting. Children with arthritis should ...

71

Teaching Gypsy Children in Hungarian Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Problems of serving Gypsy children in Hungarian schools are ascribed to the children's disadvantaged background. Examples of corrective measures suggested by the Ministry of Public Instruction are reviewed, as well as specific activities developed by teachers. (Author/CL)

Csapo, Marg

1980-01-01

72

Saccade-target selection of dyslexic children when reading Chinese.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the eye movements of dyslexic children and their age-matched controls when reading Chinese. Dyslexic children exhibited more and longer fixations than age-matched control children, and an increase of word length resulted in a greater increase in the number of fixations and gaze durations for the dyslexic than for the control readers. The report focuses on the finding that there was a significant difference between the two groups in the fixation landing position as a function of word length in single-fixation cases, while there was no such difference in the initial fixation of multi-fixation cases. We also found that both groups had longer incoming saccade amplitudes while the launch sites were closer to the word in single fixation cases than in multi-fixation cases. Our results suggest that dyslexic children's inefficient lexical processing, in combination with the absence of orthographic word boundaries in Chinese, leads them to select saccade targets at the beginning of words conservatively. These findings provide further evidence for parafoveal word segmentation during reading of Chinese sentences. PMID:24508073

Pan, Jinger; Yan, Ming; Laubrock, Jochen; Shu, Hua; Kliegl, Reinhold

2014-04-01

73

Taking Sides: To School or Not to School Squatters' Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Families of squatters who had settled in a quiet neighborhood of Paris wished to send their children to the local school. Our ethnohistorical inquiry explores how the mobilization in favor of schooling the children was embedded in other controversies and mobilizations that arose from the squatters' presence in the occupied building. Many…

Dutercq, Yves; Lafaye, Claudette

2007-01-01

74

The Nature of Chinese Language Classroom Learning Environments in Singapore Secondary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports findings from a classroom environment study which was designed to investigate the nature of Chinese Language classroom environments in Singapore secondary schools. We used a perceptual instrument, the Chinese Language Classroom Environment Inventory, to investigate teachers' and students' perceptions towards their Chinese

Chua, Siew Lian; Wong, Angela F. L.; Chen, Der-Thanq V.

2011-01-01

75

An Instrument for Investigating Chinese Language Learning Environments in Singapore Secondary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes how a new classroom environment instrument, the "Chinese Language Classroom Environment Inventory (CLCEI)", was developed to investigate the nature of Chinese language classroom learning environments in Singapore secondary schools. The CLCEI is a bilingual instrument (English and Chinese Language) with 48 items written in both…

Chua, Siew Lian; Wong, Angela F. L.; Chen, Der-Thanq

2009-01-01

76

Expanding Secondary School Chinese Language Programs: A Study of Potential Challenges  

Science.gov (United States)

The current interest in learning Chinese has been fueled by the growing strength of the Chinese economy and the need for Americans who are able to communicate at an advanced level in fields of business, science, and government. The present study reports the results of a survey of secondary school students enrolled in Chinese language classes with…

Dretzke, Beverly J.; Jordan, Kelly

2010-01-01

77

Children's Knowledge of Ellipsis Constructions in Mandarin Chinese.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated 4-year-old children's knowledge of the structural constraints on ellipsis constructions in Mandarin Chinese, focusing on the structural difference between verb phrase (VP) ellipsis and null object constructions. In Mandarin Chinese, if the antecedent clause of a VP-ellipsis structure contains an adverbial modifier, this adverbial modifier must be recovered at the elided site in the second clause. However, if the antecedent clause of a null object construction contains an adverbial modifier, the reconstruction of this adverbial modifier at the elided site is not necessary. Two experiments were conducted to examine whether young Mandarin-speaking children are sensitive to this structural difference between the two ellipsis constructions. The results show that children exhibited adult-like performance in both experiments. This is evidence that young Mandarin-speaking children have knowledge of the structural difference between VP-ellipsis and null object constructions with regard to adverbial recovery. We interpreted the findings in conjunction with previous research as evidence that children's knowledge of the structural constraints on ellipsis constructions is innately specified. PMID:23975258

Zhou, Peng

2014-08-01

78

The School: A Place for Children's Creativity?  

Science.gov (United States)

This series of studies focused on Bulgarian school effects on children's creative development. The studies were based on the premise that one of the most powerful ways in which a culture encourages or discourages creativity is the way in which teachers and the school reward or punish certain personality characteristics as they develop in children

Stoycheva, Katya

79

Adoption of Blogging by a Chinese Language Composition Class in a Vocational High School in Taiwan  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of adopting blogging upon Chinese language composition instruction in a vocational high school in Taiwan. The researchers developed a model that utilises blogging in Chinese language composition instruction. Forty randomly selected students from a public vocational high school served as the…

Lou, Shi-Jer; Wu, Shi-Chiao; Shih, Ru-Chu; Tseng, Kuo-Hung

2010-01-01

80

Humour among Chinese and Greek preschool children in relation to cognitive development  

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Full Text Available The researchers studied humour among Chinese and Greek preschool children in relation to cognitive development. The sample included 55 Chinese children and 50 Greek children ages 4½ to 5½ years. Results showed that both Chinese and Greek children‘s humour recognition were significantly and positively correlated to their cognitive development, but there was a different correlation pattern between humour response levels and cognitive development. Chinese children‘s level of humour responses was negatively and moderately correlated to their level of cognitive development in contrast to the positive correlation between these two variables among the Greek children. It would appear that cultural factors play a strong role in determining the correlation between humour response and cognitive development among young children.

Yong WANG

2011-07-01

 
 
 
 
81

Primary School Children's Vision Screening Project  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the final year of the BSc in Optometry, students work with children in local schools to do vision screenings, supervised by DIT lecturers. This project enhances students’ experience of working with children, and ensures that any local children with eye problems are swiftly referred to a specialist.

2012-01-01

82

Parenting Styles and Practices among Chinese Immigrant Mothers with Young Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated how Chinese immigrant mothers in the USA make meaning of their parenting styles and practices in rearing their young children (aged two to six). Twelve Chinese immigrant mothers were interviewed. A key finding reveals that the Chinese immigrant mothers' parenting practices reflected the indigenous concept of jiaoyang in the…

Chen, Jennifer Jun-Li; Chen, Tianying; Zheng, Xiao Xian

2012-01-01

83

Habitual Snoring in school-aged children: environmental and biological predictors  

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Abstract Background Habitual snoring, a prominent symptom of sleep-disordered breathing, is an important indicator for a number of health problems in children. Compared to adults, large epidemiological studies on childhood habitual snoring and associated predisposing factors are extremely scarce. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of habitual snoring among Chinese school-aged children. Methods A random sample of 20,152 childr...

Li Shenghui; Jin Xinming; Yan Chonghuai; Wu Shenghu; Jiang Fan; Shen Xiaoming

2010-01-01

84

Overweight dynamics in Chinese children and adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

China has experienced a transition from a history of undernutrition to a rapid increase in obesity. The China Health and Nutrition Survey, an ongoing longitudinal, household-based survey of urban and rural residents of nine provinces, documents these changes using measured height and weight across 53,298 observations from 18,059 participants collected from 1991 to 2011. Adult overweight (body mass index [BMI] ? 25 kg/m(2)) prevalence nearly tripled from 1991 (11.7%) to 2009 (29.2%), with significant cohort and age-related effects (stronger in males). Among youth, quantile regression reveals changes across the BMI distribution. By 2009, approximately 12% of children and adolescents were overweight, and 3% of 7-11-year-olds and 1% of 12-17-year-olds were obese (International Obesity Taskforce BMI 25 and 30 kg/m(2) equivalents, respectively). In 1991-2000, urbanicity was strongly and positively associated with BMI, but in 2000-2011, trends were similar across rural and urban areas. Among women, the burden has shifted to lower educated women (the reverse is true for males, as overweight was higher in men of higher education). Our findings highlight the importance of preventive measures early in the life cycle to reduce weight gain. PMID:24341757

Gordon-Larsen, P; Wang, H; Popkin, B M

2014-01-01

85

Paragonimiasis in Chinese Children: 58 Cases Analysis  

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Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the clinical and radiological features of paragonimiasis in children and raise the awareness of this disease.Methods: A total of 58 paragonimiasis patients were reviewed. They were 42 boys and 16 girls aged 2.0 to 15.3 years.Findings: Among these patients, 20 were diagnosed in the recent 5 years, 46 with a history of raw water or food ingestion. Except 2 patients without any complaint, the most common features involved the systemic (41, 70.7% and respiratory systems (43, 74.1%, followed by abdominal, cardiac and nervous systems, with rash and mass. Eosinophilia was noted in 46 (79.3% patients, granulocytosis in 45 (77.6%, anemia in 14 (24.1%, and thrombocytopenia in 3. Imageology showed pneumonia in 26 (44.8% patients, pleurisy in 28 (48.3%, hydropericardium in 17 (29.3%, ascites in 16 (27.6%, and celiac lymphadenitis in 13 (22.4%. Besides hepatomegaly and splenomegaly, calcification and multiple lamellar low echogenic areas in the liver were noted, each in one patient. Abnormal brain imaging was noted in 4 of 10 patients. Karyocyte hyperplasia with eosinophilia was noted in all the 19 patients who received bone marrow puncture.Conclusion: Paragonimiasis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with multiple organs or system lesions, especially those with eosinophilia, serous cavity effusion, respiratory, cardiac, digestive system, nervous system abnormality, and/or mass. Healthy eating habit is helpful for paragonimiasis prevention.

Hong Zhen Xu

2012-12-01

86

Effort-reward imbalance at school and depressive symptoms in chinese adolescents: the role of family socioeconomic status.  

Science.gov (United States)

Depression is a major mental health problem during adolescence. This study, using a sample of Chinese adolescents, examined the separate and combined effects of perceived school-related stress and of family socioeconomic status (SES) on the prevalence of depressive symptoms. A total of 1774 Chinese students from Grades 7-12 were recruited into our questionnaire survey. School-related stress was measured by the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire-School Version, family SES was assessed by a standardized question, and depressive symptoms were evaluated by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children. Multivariate logistic regression was applied, adjusting for age, gender, grade, smoking, alcohol drinking and physical activity. It was found that high school-related stress and low family SES were associated with elevated odds of depressive symptoms, respectively. The effect of school-related stress was particularly strong in low SES group. In adolescents with both high stress at school and low SES, the odds ratio was 9.18 (95% confidence interval = 6.53-12.89) compared to the reference group (low stress at school and high SES). A significant synergistic interaction effect was observed (synergy index = 2.28, 95% confidence interval = 1.56-3.32). The findings indicated that perceived school-related stress, in terms of effort-reward imbalance, was related to depressive symptoms in this sample of Chinese adolescents. The strong interaction with family SES suggests that health promoting efforts in school settings should be targeted specifically at these socially deprived groups. PMID:24919130

Guo, Hongxiang; Yang, Wenjie; Cao, Ying; Li, Jian; Siegrist, Johannes

2014-01-01

87

Effort-Reward Imbalance at School and Depressive Symptoms in Chinese Adolescents: The Role of Family Socioeconomic Status  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Depression is a major mental health problem during adolescence. This study, using a sample of Chinese adolescents, examined the separate and combined effects of perceived school-related stress and of family socioeconomic status (SES on the prevalence of depressive symptoms. A total of 1774 Chinese students from Grades 7–12 were recruited into our questionnaire survey. School-related stress was measured by the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire-School Version, family SES was assessed by a standardized question, and depressive symptoms were evaluated by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children. Multivariate logistic regression was applied, adjusting for age, gender, grade, smoking, alcohol drinking and physical activity. It was found that high school-related stress and low family SES were associated with elevated odds of depressive symptoms, respectively. The effect of school-related stress was particularly strong in low SES group. In adolescents with both high stress at school and low SES, the odds ratio was 9.18 (95% confidence interval = 6.53–12.89 compared to the reference group (low stress at school and high SES. A significant synergistic interaction effect was observed (synergy index = 2.28, 95% confidence interval = 1.56–3.32. The findings indicated that perceived school-related stress, in terms of effort-reward imbalance, was related to depressive symptoms in this sample of Chinese adolescents. The strong interaction with family SES suggests that health promoting efforts in school settings should be targeted specifically at these socially deprived groups.

Hongxiang Guo

2014-06-01

88

Novel Noun and Verb Learning in Chinese-, English-, and Japanese-Speaking Children  

Science.gov (United States)

When can children speaking Japanese, English, or Chinese map and extend novel nouns and verbs? Across 6 studies, 3- and 5-year-old children in all 3 languages map and extend novel nouns more readily than novel verbs. This finding prevails even in languages like Chinese and Japanese that are assumed to be verb-friendly languages (e.g., T. Tardif,…

Imai, Mutsumi; Li, Lianjing; Haryu, Etsuko; Okada, Hiroyuki; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Shigematsu, Jun

2008-01-01

89

Contribution of Discourse and Morphosyntax Skills to Reading Comprehension in Chinese Dyslexic and Typically Developing Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed at identifying important skills for reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic children and their typically developing counterparts matched on age (CA controls) or reading level (RL controls). The children were assessed on Chinese reading comprehension, cognitive, and reading-related skills. Results showed that the dyslexic…

Chik, Pakey Pui-man; Ho, Connie Suk-han; Yeung, Pui-sze; Wong, Yau-kai; Chan, David Wai-ock; Chung, Kevin Kien-hoa; Lo, Lap-yan

2012-01-01

90

Chinese Children’s Moral Evaluation of Lies and Truths—Roles of Context and Parental Individualism–Collectivism Tendencies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study examined Chinese children’s moral evaluations of truths and lies about one’s own pro-social acts. Children ages 7, 9, and 11 were read vignettes in which a protagonist performs a good deed and is asked about it by a teacher, either in front of the class or in private. In response, the protagonist either tells a modest lie, which is highly valued by the Chinese culture, or tells an immodest truth, which violates the Chinese cultural norms about modesty. Children were aske...

Fu, Genyue; Brunet, Megan K.; Lv, Yin; Ding, Xiaopan; Heyman, Gail D.; Cameron, Catherine Ann; Lee, Kang

2010-01-01

91

Children and Celiac Disease: Going Back to School  

Science.gov (United States)

... Celiac Disease: Going Back to School Children and Celiac Disease: Going Back to School Going back to school ... excitement and anticipation. For parents of children with celiac disease, it can also be a time of anxiety. ...

92

Sex Differences in the Reciprocal Relationships between Mild and Severe Corporal Punishment and Children's Internalizing Problem Behavior in a Chinese Sample  

Science.gov (United States)

The study aimed to investigate the sex differences in the reciprocal relations between parental corporal punishment and child internalizing problem behavior in China. Four hundred fifty-four Chinese elementary school-age children completed measures of their parental corporal punishment toward them and their own internalizing problem behavior at…

Xing, Xiaopei; Wang, Meifang

2013-01-01

93

Chinese engineering students' cross-cultural adaptation in graduate school  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores cross-cultural adaptation experience of Chinese engineering students in the U.S. I interact with 10 Chinese doctoral students in engineering from a public research university through in-depth interviews to describe (1) their perceptions of and responses to key challenges they encountered in graduate school, (2) their perspectives on the challenges that stem from cross-cultural differences, and (3) their conceptualization of cross-cultural adaptation in the context of graduate school. My findings reveal that the major challenges participants encounter during graduate school are academic issues related to cultural differences and difficulties of crossing cultural boundaries and integrating into the university community. These challenges include finding motivation for doctoral study, becoming an independent learner, building a close relationship with faculty, interacting and forming relationships with American people, and gaining social recognition and support. The engineering students in this study believe they are less successful in their social integration than they are in accomplishing academic goals, mainly because of their preoccupation with academics, language barriers and cultural differences. The presence of a large Chinese student community on campus has provided a sense of community and social support for these students, but it also contributes to diminishing their willingness and opportunities to interact with people of different cultural backgrounds. Depending on their needs and purposes, they have different insights into the meaning of cross-cultural adaptation and therefore, and choose different paths to establish themselves in a new environment. Overall, they agree that cross-cultural adaptation involves a process of re-establishing themselves in new academic, social, and cultural communities, and adaptation is necessary for their personal and professional advancement in the U.S. They also acknowledge that encountering and adjusting to cross-cultural challenges allow them to grow as a person and develop a new sense of self and identity, and negotiating cultural differences help them gain a deeper understanding of their own and other cultures. These findings offer insights into understanding the interconnections among international students' academic life, socialization, and cross-cultural adaptation.

Jiang, Xinquan

94

Parenting School-Age Children  

Science.gov (United States)

... to practice them with you. Supervise your child's homework (but don't do it for her), and ... Children Radio: ASK Day (Audio) Medical Home Offers Benefits for Children without Special Needs Healthy Children Radio: ...

95

Relations of Parenting and Temperament to Chinese Children’s Experience of Negative Life Events, Coping Efficacy, and Externalizing Problems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The relations of parenting and temperament (effortful control and anger/frustration) to children’s externalizing problems were examined in a 3.8-year longitudinal study of 425 native Chinese children (6 – 9 years) from Beijing. Children’s experience of negative life events and coping efficacy were examined as mediators in the parenting and temperament-externalizing relations. Parents reported on their own parenting. Parents and teachers rated temperament. Children reported on negative l...

2008-01-01

96

An Area Neglected in Citizenship Education: Children’s Rights Education at Home and at School  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Children’s rights education is an important part of citizenship education. Home and school are among the places where children learn about and use their rights. For this reason, family members and teachers play an important role in children’s learning about their rights. This research was conducted to determine the perceptions of elementary school teachers and parents about children’s rights, the applications they carry out at home and at school for children’s rights education, and th...

2012-01-01

97

Similarity of Deleterious Effects of Divorce on Chinese and American Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews and contrasts the effects of divorce on Chinese children's adjustment to American children of divorce. Results indicate that the deleterious effects of divorce on children's academic and social functioning appear to be similar to that experienced by American children. (Contains 23 references.) (GCP)

Zhou, Zheng; Bray, Melissa A.; Kehle, Thomas J.; Xin, Tao

2001-01-01

98

Children’s subculture as a component of social development of older pre-school children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article discusses the features of psychological impact of culture (the communicative component of children’s subculture) on social development of a child of an older pre-school age. Children’s subculture should be considered as one of the essential factors of social development of preschool children.

2013-01-01

99

Christmas Program for Elementary School Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: In 1974 Doris Taggart, Public Relations Vice President of Zions First National Bank in Salt Lake City, was serving on the Free Enterprise Committee of the Salt Lake Chamber of Commerce. She developed a plan to involve elementary school children with a large bank by asking the children to make…

Taggart, Doris

100

Made in France? Chinese Student Return Migration from French Business Schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Chinese migration to France is not a new phenomenon; however, France has seen rapid growth of migration from China in the past decade. Among the increasingly diverse migratory flow, a prominent group is Chinese students. As in many European countries, more and more Chinese students are now studying in France, at universities, grandes écoles and language schools etc… There is limited research focusing on this group of migrants. Therefore, this paper will analyse the circular migration of Ch...

Shen, Wei

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Morphometry of the corpus callosum in Chinese children: relationship with gender and academic performance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The corpus callosum has been widely studied, but no study has demonstrated whether its size and shape have any relationship with language and calculation performance. To examine the morphometry of the corpus callosum of normal Chinese children and its relationship with gender and academic performance. One hundred primary school children (63 boys, 37 girls; age 6.5-10 years) were randomly selected and the standardized academic performance for each was ascertained. On the mid-sagittal section of a brain MRI, the length, height and total area of the corpus callosum and its thickness at different sites were measured. These were correlated with sex and academic performance. Apart from the normal average dimension of the different parts of the corpus callosum, thickness at the body-splenium junction in the average-to-good performance group was significantly greater than the below-average performance group in Chinese language (P=0.005), English language (P=0.02) and mathematics (P=0.01). The remainder of the callosal thickness showed no significant relationship with academic performance. There was no significant sex difference in the thickness of any part of the corpus callosum. These findings raise the suggestion that language and mathematics proficiency may be related to the morphometry of the fibre connections in the posterior parietal lobes. (orig.)

2005-06-01

102

Contribution of discourse and morphosyntax skills to reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic and typically developing children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study aimed at identifying important skills for reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic children and their typically developing counterparts matched on age (CA controls) or reading level (RL controls). The children were assessed on Chinese reading comprehension, cognitive, and reading-related skills. Results showed that the dyslexic children performed significantly less well than the CA controls but similarly to RL controls in most measures. Results of multiple regression analyses show...

2012-01-01

103

Genetic Variation of ITGB3 Is Associated with Asthma in Chinese Han Children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Previous studies have demonstrated that integrins are involved in the aetiology of asthma. Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the integrin ?3 (ITGB3) gene are significantly associated with asthma in Western populations. Given the important roles of environmental exposures in the development of asthma, we evaluated the associations between six SNPs in ITGB3 and asthma in Chinese Han children. A total of 321 unrelated Chinese children with asthma and 315 healthy children were re...

2013-01-01

104

Report on childhood obesity in China (5) Body weight, body dissatisfaction, and depression symptoms of Chinese children aged 9-10 years  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To investigate the relationship between body weight, body dissatisfaction and depression symptoms among Chinese children. METHODS: The fasting body weight and height of the third and fourth grade students (n = 3886, aged 9 or 10 years) from 20 schools in Beijing, China, were measured, and the students were asked to choose the figures of body image and to complete the self-reported children's depression inventory (CDI) questionnaire. RESULTS: The CDI Cronbach's alpha was 0.81. The total CDI sc...

Li, Y. P.; Ma, G. S.; Schouten, E. G.; Hu, X. Q.; Cui, Z. H.; Wang, D.; Kok, F. J.

2007-01-01

105

Exploring Singapore Primary School Students' Perceptions of Chinese Asynchronous Online Discussions  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Asynchronous online discussion (AOD) has found widespread use in tertiary education and adult learning environment; however, there has been little research on its use in elementary school, especially in the context of the teaching of the Chinese Language. This study explores the use of AOD in a Chinese Language class in a primary…

Chin, Wong Wan; Sum, Cheung Wing; Foon, Hew Khe

2008-01-01

106

Correlates of the Reading Interest of Chinese High School Students in International Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Reading builds and shapes a man’s life as part of the society he chooses to belong. It is an essential tool for learning especially for young students who should possess a level of interest in reading to enable them to understand and appreciate materials and tools for learning.The study underscores the significance of reading interest in one’s learning process and analyzes the different correlates that affect it and their extent. It brings to fore important features of independent and variable factors that function as correlates. To do this, a survey was conducted of a group of Chinese third year high school students in an international school in Makati City, Philippines. On the independent factor, which is the personal profile of the respondents, the study involved more males than females. They are young and come from average income families. They belong to the average and high average students in their English classes. Majority prefer to join groups than be alone. On the variables, which are the external factors, the data showed that parents and teachers influence them to a very great extent while classmates and friends affect them only to a great extent. Majority expressed that their home environment is generally conducive and reading materials are available. In presenting its findings, the study finally attempts to show how they apply to our subject -- the Chinese high school students in international schools in general.

Wenji Dai

2013-04-01

107

Validation of the Chinese Handwriting Analysis System (CHAS) for primary school students in Hong Kong.  

Science.gov (United States)

There are more children diagnosed with specific learning difficulties in recent years as people are more aware of these conditions. Diagnostic tool has been validated to screen out this condition from the population (SpLD test for Hong Kong children). However, for specific assessment on handwriting problem, there seems a lack of standardized and objective evaluation tool to look into the problems. The objective of this study was to validate the Chinese Handwriting Analysis System (CHAS), which is designed to measure both the process and production of handwriting. The construct validity, convergent validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability of CHAS was analyzed using the data from 734 grade 1-6 students from 6 primary schools in Hong Kong. Principal Component Analysis revealed that measurements of CHAS loaded into 4 components which accounted for 77.73% of the variance. The correlation between the handwriting accuracy obtained from HAS and eyeballing was r=.73. Cronbach's alpha of all measurement items was .65. Except SD of writing time per character, all the measurement items regarding handwriting speed, handwriting accuracy and pen pressure showed good to excellent test-retest reliability (r=.72-.96), while measurement on the numbers of characters which exceeded grid showed moderate reliability (r=.48). Although there are still ergonomic, biomechanical or unspecified aspects which may not be determined by the system, the CHAS can definitely assist therapists in identifying primary school students with handwriting problems and implement interventions accordingly. PMID:23816625

Li-Tsang, Cecilia W P; Wong, Agnes S K; Leung, Howard W H; Cheng, Joyce S; Chiu, Billy H W; Tse, Linda F L; Chung, Raymond C K

2013-09-01

108

Gender and Language Learning Strategy Use — in the Case of Chinese High School Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study investigated the relationship between gender and learning strategy preferences of Chinese senior high school students. Analyses indicated that high school students under investigation used a variety of learning strategies to study English at a medium to low frequency. Female students used more learning strategies and at a greater frequency than male students. The findings of the study will cast some light on Chinese EFL teaching, learning and future studies.

Liu, Min

2012-01-01

109

Understanding the school 'climate': secondary school children and climate change  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This interdisciplinary study analyzes the production, circulation and reception of messages on climate change in secondary schools in France. The objective is to understand how political and educational policy initiatives influence the ways in which schools contribute to creating youngsters' perceptions and opinions about climate change. In order to study the conditions of production and reception of information about climate change, a survey was conducted in four French secondary schools, in the 'Bas Rhin' and 'Nord' departments, and local political actors in each department were interviewed. The cross disciplinary analytical and methodological approach uses the tools of sociological inquiry, information science, and political science: questionnaires and interviews were conducted with members of the educational and governmental communities of each school and department, semiotic and discursive analyses of corpuses of documents were carried out, in order to characterize documents used by students and teachers at school or in more informal contexts; the nature and extent of the relations between the political contexts and school directives and programs were also discussed. This interdisciplinary approach, combining sociological, communicational, and political methods, was chosen in response to the hypothesis that three types of variables (social, communicational and political) contribute to the structuring and production of messages about climate change in schools. This report offers a contextualized overview of activities developed within the four secondary schools to help sensitize children to the risks associated with climate change. A study of the networks of individuals (teachers, staff, members of associations, etc.) created in and around the school environment is presented. The degree of involvement of these actors in climate change programs is analyzed, as it is related to their motives and objectives, to the school discipline taught, and to the position held in the school under study. A critical description of the nature and content of communicated messages, activities and projects follows. Individual and collective initiatives which foster an interdisciplinary approach to climate change education are identified, as are the various obstacles to this approach, including organizational obstacles and the longstanding traditions of the French educational system which tend to hinder pedagogical innovation. Lastly, the reception of these projects and activities by school children in the second year of secondary school is analyzed. The results of this analysis are somewhat, but not always, encouraging. School children interviewed do not clearly understand the scientific phenomena surrounding climate change, and have difficulty considering this issue within its wider socio-political context. School children's interest in climate change and environmental science is largely dependent upon a perceived link with their own centers of interest or hobbies. School children express nonetheless the need for more and better adult mediation on the question of climate change, even though they see environmentally conscious behavior as contrary to the modern lifestyle of comfort that society offers them. Certain school projects and activities which had a particular impact on school children are discussed, in order to suggest criteria for evaluating the effectiveness (or non-effectiveness) of climate change projects in school. This study can be considered to be a tool for reflection and for the evaluation of the potential impact of climate change programs and messages produced for youngsters in school today

2012-01-01

110

School Counselors' Perceptions of Biracial Children: A Pilot Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines school counselors' personal perceptions of biracial children. It was found that elementary school counselors perceived biracial children as having more behavioral problems than their middle and high school counterparts. Results also suggested that the perceptions of biracial individuals held by school counselors working in school

Harris, Henry L.

2002-01-01

111

A Valuable Experience for Children: The Dim Sum and Chinese Restaurant Project  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article describes the Dim Sum and Chinese Restaurant Project undertaken by 6-year-old kindergarten children in Hong Kong. The article discusses the importance of listening, observing, and documenting children’s actions to meet their needs and interests.

Yuen Lai Ha (Freda

2010-01-01

112

Academic Performance and Personality Traits of Chinese Children: "Onlies" versus Others.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using data from a 1987 survey of 1,460 schoolchildren, their parents and teachers, in urban and rural areas of Changchun, China, examines academic and personality outcomes in only children. Finds results similar to Western surveys: only children are more likely to be academically talented. Reveals, however, Chinese rural only children do not score…

Poston, Dudley L., Jr.; Falbo, Toni

1990-01-01

113

Negotiating and Creating Intercultural Relations: Chinese Immigrant Children in New Zealand Early Childhood Education Centres  

Science.gov (United States)

A multiple-case study investigation of the experiences of eight Chinese immigrant children in New Zealand early childhood centres suggested that the immigrant children's learning experiences in their first centre can be understood as a process of negotiating and creating intercultural relations. The children's use of family cultural tools, such as…

Guo, Karen; Dalli, Carmen

2012-01-01

114

Corporal Punishment and Physical Maltreatment against Children: A Community Study on Chinese Parents in Hong Kong  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: This study aimed to examine rates and associated factors of parent-to-child corporal punishment and physical maltreatment in Hong Kong Chinese families. Method: Cross-sectional and randomized household interviews were conducted with 1,662 Chinese parents to collect information on demographic characteristics of parents and children,…

Tang, Catherine So-kum

2006-01-01

115

Resting heart rate, vagal tone, and reactive and proactive aggression in chinese children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abundant research conducted in Western contexts has shown that biological risk factors such as low resting heart rate (HR) might be related to childhood aggression. However, it was unclear (1) how resting HR, as well as other markers of cardiac functions such as resting vagal tone, may be related to subtypes of aggression such as reactive and proactive aggression, and (2) whether the HR-aggression relation can be replicated in non-Western contexts. Therefore, this study examined the concurrent and prospective relations between resting HR, vagal tone, and Chinese children's reactive and proactive aggression. Participants were 183 children (M age?=?7.64 years, 91 girls) recruited from an elementary school in Zhenjiang, PRC. Children's resting HR and vagal tone were assessed in the second grade (T1). Teachers rated children's reactive and proactive aggression in the second (T1) and fourth grade (T2). Results showed that lower resting HR at T1 was associated with higher reactive and proactive aggression at T1 and T2, and higher vagal tone was associated with lower HR, which in turn was related to higher reactive and proactive aggression at T1 and T2. Lower vagal tone was directly related to higher reactive but not proactive aggression at T1 and T2, whereas lower HR was related to higher reactive aggression at T2 for children with low or moderate vagal tone but was not for children with high vagal tone. These psychophysiological findings from a non-Western context add additional support for both similarities and differences between reactive and proactive aggression in childhood. PMID:23959546

Xu, Yiyuan; Raine, Adrian; Yu, Lidong; Krieg, Alexander

2014-04-01

116

Television, school children and their parents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the diploma work I attempt to provide an insight of TV watching habits of school children and eventual parent supervision at such. Mass media, especially television, is an omnipresent element influencing our daily lives. I also mentioned the importance of understanding the affects of TV content on school children in the period of their middle childhood as well as the role of parents or other adults in the supervision of TV programs watched. The fact that not all TV programs are suitable f...

2011-01-01

117

Cultural Capital and Gender Differences in Parental Involvement in Children's Schooling and Higher Education Choice in China  

Science.gov (United States)

This article employs the concept of cultural capital to examine the ways in which social difference in terms of gender are played out in parental involvement in children's schooling and higher education choice. The intention has been to provide an in-depth analysis of the ways in which Chinese mothers and fathers are involved in the process.…

Sheng, Xiaoming

2012-01-01

118

Auditory sensitivity, speech perception, L1 Chinese, and L2 English reading abilities in Hong Kong Chinese children.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 4-stage developmental model, in which auditory sensitivity is fully mediated by speech perception at both the segmental and suprasegmental levels, which are further related to word reading through their associations with phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming, verbal short-term memory and morphological awareness, was tested with concurrently collected data on 153 2nd- and 3rd-grade Hong Kong Chinese children. Nested model comparisons were conducted to test this model separately against alternatives in relation to both Chinese and English word reading using structural equation modeling. For Chinese word reading, the proposed 4-stage model was demonstrated to be the best model. Auditory sensitivity was associated with speech perception, which was related to Chinese word reading mainly through its relations to morphological awareness and rapid automatized naming. In contrast, for English word reading, the best model required an additional direct path from suprasegmental sensitivity (in Chinese) to English word reading. That is, in addition to phonological awareness, Chinese speech prosody was also directly associated with English word recognition. PMID:24364830

Zhang, Juan; McBride-Chang, Catherine

2014-04-01

119

Gender Stereotyping and Affective Attitudes towards Science in Chinese Secondary School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores explicit and implicit gender-science stereotypes and affective attitudes towards science in a sample of Chinese secondary school students. The results showed that (1) gender-science stereotyping was more and more apparent as the specialization of science subjects progresses through secondary school, becoming stronger from the…

Liu, Mingxin; Hu, Weiping; Jiannong, Shi; Adey, Philip

2010-01-01

120

The Intersection of Community, Culture and Learning Processes within the Setting of a Chinese Complementary School  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is based on a research assignment submitted for the PGCE Course at Goldsmiths College, University of London. It looks at a Chinese community school and considers the experiences of participating families and explores how the ethos and purpose of the school relate to the practices, activities and representations that occur within its…

Creber, Theo

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Rubella-antibodies in school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

A serological survey was carried out to determine the incidence of rubella antibodies in sera from 725 normal Danish school children aged 5-18. The children were randomly selected and serve as an urban reference population. Rubella antibodies were measured by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The study shows that immunity rose with increasing age of the children to a level of 85 percent in the age group 16-18 years. There was no significant difference between the sexes. PMID:4053697

LaBianca, T; LaBianca, J; Ibsen, K K

1985-10-01

122

Gender and Language Learning Strategy Use — in the Case of Chinese High School Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study investigated the relationship between gender and learning strategy preferences of Chinese senior high school students. Analyses indicated that high school students under investigation used a variety of learning strategies to study English at a medium to low frequency. Female students used more learning strategies and at a greater frequency than male students. The findings of the study will cast some light on Chinese EFL teaching, learning and future studies.Key words: Gender; English learning strategy; High school students

Min LIU

2012-12-01

123

Secular Trends of Obesity Prevalence in Urban Chinese Children from 1985 to 2010: Gender Disparity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Based on the data from six Chinese National Surveys on Students Constitution and Health (CNSSCH) from 1985 to 2010, we explored the secular trend in the prevalence of obesity in urban Chinese children over a period of 25 years. The aim of this study was to examine the gender disparities in the prevalence of childhood obesity over time. The standardized prevalence of obesity in Chinese children increased rapidly during the past 25 years from 0.2% in 1985 to 8.1% in 2010. The increasing trend w...

Song, Yi; Wang, Hai-jun; Ma, Jun; Wang, Zhiqiang

2013-01-01

124

English Language Learning Strategy Use by Chinese Senior High School Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Language learning strategies are important factors that affect students’ learning. In China, senior high school is an important stage in a person’s education. This study examines the English language learning strategy use by Chinese senior high school students by means of the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning. The findings reveal that Chinese senior high school students use compensation strategies most frequently; that significant differences exist between male students and female students with female students using strategies more frequently than males; and that differences also exist in the strategy use among the three grades. The reasons for these differences in strategy use by Chinese senior high school students are discussed and implications for the future language learning strategy training and English teaching are put forward.

Yaping Zhou

2010-11-01

125

Children of imigrants in primary school  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

As a consequence of enlarged migration flows it is more and more common for children of different ethnical, religious and cultural backgrounds to meet in schools. All students must have equal conditions to learn, progress and achieve the best possible results.

Kolednik, Urs?ka

2012-01-01

126

SUCCES AT SCHOOL IN VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research included 200 visually impaired children of primary school during the period from 1992 to 1996. By means of adequate instruments we have tested the relation between the success at school of partially seeing children and hyperkinetic behavior, active and passive vocabulary richness, visuo-motoric coordination and the maturity of handwriting. Besides the already known factors (intellectual level, specific learning disturbances, emotional and neurotic disturbances, cultural deprivation, the success in class depends very much on the intensity of hyperkinetic behavior as well as its features: unstable attention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Visual-motor coordination eye-hand and the maturity of handwriting have a strong influence on their success at school.

Stanika DIKIC

1998-04-01

127

Pyrosequencing analysis of the salivary microbiota of healthy Chinese children and adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describing the biogeography of bacterial communities within the human body is critical for establishing healthy baselines from which to detect differences associated with diseases. Little is known, however, about the baseline of normal salivary microbiota from healthy Chinese children and adults. With parallel barcoded 454 pyrosequencing, the bacterial diversity and richness of saliva were thoroughly investigated from ten healthy Chinese children and adults. The overall taxonomic distribution of our metagenomic data demonstrated that the diversity of salivary microbiota from children was more complex than adults, while the composition and richness of salivary microbiota were similar in children and adults, especially for predominant bacteria. A large number of bacterial phylotypes were shared by healthy children and adults, indicating the existence of a core salivary microbiome. In children and adults, the vast majority of sequences in salivary microbiota belonged to Streptococcus, Prevotella, Neisseria, Haemophilus, Porphyromonas, Gemella, Rothia, Granulicatella, Fusobacterium, Actinomyces, Veillonella, and Aggregatibacter, which constituted the major components of normal salivary microbiota. With the exception of Actinomyces, the other seven non-predominant bacteria including Moraxella, Leptotrichia, Peptostreptococcus, Eubacterium, and members of Neisseriaceae, Flavobacteriaceae, and SR1 showed significant differences between children and adults (p < 0.05). We first established the framework of normal salivary microbiota from healthy Chinese children and adults. Our data represent a critical step for determining the diversity of healthy microbiota in Chinese children and adults, and our data established a platform for additional large-scale studies focusing on the interactions between health and diseases in the future. PMID:22968328

Ling, Zongxin; Liu, Xia; Wang, Yuezhu; Li, Lanjuan; Xiang, Charlie

2013-02-01

128

Parenting Attitude and Style and Its Effect on Children’s School Achievements  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper reviewed empirical studies on children’s school achievements. The contributions of parenting attitudeand style were examined in relation to children’s school achievement. A strong relationship between children’sschool achievement and parenting attitude and style was reported in the paper. Findings from the review revealedthat authoritative parenting styles were associated with higher levels of children’s school achievement, thoughfindings remain inconsistent across cultures and societies. Future studies may explore some of the salient issuesunderlying the inconsistencies reported in the study, particularly the contradictory results between Asian andEuropean American school children.

Rozumah Baharudin

2010-11-01

129

Forging Steel: Schools, Success, and the Making of Persons in a Chinese County Seat  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This dissertation addresses the question of how teenagers are educated for success in Chinese schools. Drawing upon 16 months of fieldwork in a county-level town located in northwest China (Shaanxi Province), this study focuses on teenagers' lived experiences of schooling and the complex process by which schools forge character and create "adults" in the context of state discourse and local practices. I show that while students are increasingly emerging as self-fulfilling individuals, who s...

Zhang, Min

2013-01-01

130

School-age children development  

Science.gov (United States)

... old should be able to focus on a task for at least 15 minutes. By age 9, a child should be able to focus attention for about ... or simple, quiet time is important so the child does not always feel ... abuse . Discuss these issues openly with your children to ...

131

School performance and school behavior of children affected by AIDS in China  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It is generally recognized that the AIDS epidemic will have a negative effect on the orphans’ school education. However, few studies have been carried out to examine the school performance and school behavior of AIDS orphans and vulnerable children (children living with HIV-infected parents). Using both self-report and teacher evaluation data of 1625 children from rural central China, we examined the impact of parental HIV/AIDS on children's school performances (academic marks, educational ...

2009-01-01

132

A Survey of Postgraduates’ State of Language Learning at Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Social Science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Learning English has become a nationwide endeavor in China nowadays, and a great number of researches have been conducted to analyze the state of language learning mainly among undergraduates. This survey was done to investigate the postgraduates’ state of language learning at Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Science in order to stand a better position to improve their language learning. The survey shows that postgraduates have strong motivations (intrinsic and extrinsic to learn English and consequently they make investment (spend time, effort or money in learning English. The survey also indicates that it seems unnecessary to worry about Chinese language and culture in the context of English fever at Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Science since postgraduates have a strong identity with their mother tongue --- Chinese and most of them deny that English learning has a negative effect on Chinese learning. Consequently, postgraduate schools should help students to maintain their motivation or even expand their intrinsic motivation to learn English without too much concern about the perception that Chinese will be undermined owing to the “craze” for English learning.

Yingjie Wang

2014-01-01

133

Visual acuity in Danish school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The medical records of 8769 school children attending the 2nd-5th grades in the Municipality of Odense have been scrutinized with regard to visual acuity. 1216 children were subject to examination, of these 1034 were found to have reduced vision due to anomalies of refraction other causes. Bilateral reduction in vision of less than or equal to 6/18 was observed in 8 children corresponding to 0.09%. Unilateral reduction in sight of less than or equal to 6/12 (employed here as the definition of amblyopia) was seen in 1.07% of the children. This applied to 1.39% of the boys and 0.73% of the girls; the difference is statistically significant. The lower frequency of amblyopia as compared to earlier investigations is probably a consequence of better vision screening during preschool age. PMID:3727959

Jensen, H; Goldschmidt, E

1986-04-01

134

A Study of Pre-School Children's School Readiness Related to Scientific Thinking Skills  

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The purpose of this study is to compare school readiness of children who had pre-school experiences and children without such experiences on the basis of scientific thinking skills. This comparison is held in terms of variables of age, gender, and socio economic status. The questions of the study in relation to the purpose of the study are as follows: Ø Does pre-school education variable influence primary school readiness of pre-school children in terms of scientific thinking skills? ...

2006-01-01

135

Sex and Acculturation Differences in Occupational Values among Chinese-American Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studied sex and acculturation differences in occupational values among 177 Chinese-American fifth and sixth graders. Found money and task satisfaction were very important values, whereas object orientation and solitude were quite unimportant; that the high-acculturation children valued self-realization more than the low-acculturation children; and…

Leong, Frederick T. L.; Tata, Shiraz Piroshaw

1990-01-01

136

????--Implicit Learning and Imperceptible Influence: Syncretic Literacy of Multilingual Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on an ethnographic study involving the literacy practices of two multilingual Chinese children from two similar yet different cultural and linguistic contexts: Montreal and Singapore. Using syncretism as a theoretical tool, this inquiry examines how family environment and support facilitate children's process of becoming…

Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan

2013-01-01

137

Multilingual Literacies and Third Script Acquisition: Young Chinese Children in French Immersion in Vancouver, Canada  

Science.gov (United States)

This contribution reports on a qualitative study conducted with 14 young Chinese children enrolled in French immersion in Canada, to explore their multilingual practices, and their simultaneous acquisition of three writing systems. Drawings and in-depth interviews constituted creative and age appropriate narratives to understand children's…

Moore, Daniele

2010-01-01

138

Neighborhood characteristics, parenting styles, and children's behavioral problems in Chinese American immigrant families.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using data from a socioeconomically diverse sample of Chinese American children (n = 258, aged 6-9 years) in immigrant families, we examined the concurrent relations among neighborhood economic disadvantage and concentration of Asian residents, parenting styles, and Chinese American children's externalizing and internalizing problems. Neighborhood characteristics were measured with 2000 U.S. Census tract-level data, parents (mostly mothers) rated their own parenting styles, and parents and teachers rated children's behavioral problems. Path analysis was conducted to test two hypotheses: (a) parenting styles mediate the relations between neighborhood characteristics and children's behavioral problems, and (b) children's behavioral problems mediate the relations between neighborhood and parenting styles. We found that neighborhood Asian concentration was positively associated with authoritarian parenting, which in turn was associated with Chinese American children's higher externalizing and internalizing problems (by parents' reports). In addition, neighborhood economic disadvantage was positively related to children's externalizing problems (by parents' reports), which in turn predicted lower authoritative parenting. The current results suggest the need to consider multiple pathways in the relations among neighborhood, family, and child adjustment, and they have implications for the prevention and intervention of behavioral problems in Chinese American children. PMID:24041263

Lee, Erica H; Zhou, Qing; Ly, Jennifer; Main, Alexandra; Tao, Annie; Chen, Stephen H

2014-04-01

139

A Valuable Experience for Children: The Dim Sum and Chinese Restaurant Project  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the Dim Sum and Chinese Restaurant Project undertaken by 6-year-old kindergarten children in Hong Kong. The article discusses the importance of listening, observing, and documenting children's actions to meet their needs and interests. The kindergarten program that participated in this project is a nonprofit kindergarten…

Ha, Yuen Lai

2010-01-01

140

Schools, Schooling, and Children's Support of Their Aging Parents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Intergenerational transfers play an important role in individuals' lives across the life course. In this paper I pull together theories on intergenerational transfers and social change to inform our understanding of how changes in the educational context influence children's support of their parents. By examining multiple aspects of a couple's educational context, including husbands' and wives' education and exposure to schools, this paper provides new information on the mechanisms through wh...

Brauner-otto, Sarah R.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Health-related quality of life in Icelandic school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluated generic health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among 10 to 12-year-old Icelandic school age children who were either with or without chronic health condition. The children and their parents answered self-report questionnaires. For the 480 children who participated, girls were found to perceive their HRQOL significantly higher than the boys, children who visited the school nurse over a one-week period and children who indicated they were bullied by other children, perceived their HRQOL to be significantly lower than children who did not visit the school nurse over this time period or children who did not indicate they were bullied by other children in school. From the stepwise regression analysis, perception of health, school connectedness, health promotion, bullying victimization, visits to the school nurse and age, significantly predicted 43.8% of the variance of the girls' perception of their HRQOL. However, perception of health, school connectedness, and chronic health condition/illnesses, bullying victimization and after school activities predicted 48.1% of the boys' perception of their HRQOL. Children with chronic health condition or illnesses, reported their HRQOL to be significantly lower than children without chronic health condition. Assessing HRQOL among 10 to 12-year-old children might be helpful to take preventive action early on in children's life and development. PMID:16756527

Svavarsdottir, Erla Kolbrun; Orlygsdottir, Brynja

2006-06-01

142

Reducing children's exposure to school bus diesel exhaust in one school district in North Carolina.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children who are exposed to diesel exhaust from idling school buses are at increased risk of asthma exacerbation, decreased lung function, immunologic reactions, leukemia, and increased susceptibility to infections. Policies and initiatives that aim to protect school children from the harmful effects of exposure to diesel exhaust range from general environmental air quality standards to more specific legislation that targets diesel exhaust near school children. School nurse standards of practice specify that school nurses should attain current knowledge of environmental health concepts, implement environmental health strategies, and advocate for environmental health principles. This article provides a description of the professional responsibilities of school nurses in protecting children from harmful environmental exposures, provides an overview of legislative initiatives intended to protect school children from diesel exhaust exposure, and summarizes one school district's effort to reduce diesel exhaust exposure among school children. PMID:23850988

Mazer, Mary E; Vann, Julie C Jacobson; Lamanna, Beth F; Davison, Jean

2014-04-01

143

Parenting Attitude and Style and Its Effect on Children’s School Achievements  

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The paper reviewed empirical studies on children’s school achievements. The contributions of parenting attitude
and style were examined in relation to children’s school achievement. A strong relationship between children’s
school achievement and parenting attitude and style was repo...

2010-01-01

144

Study protocol: can a school gardening intervention improve children’s diets?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The current academic literature suggests there is a potential for using gardening as a tool to improve children’s fruit and vegetable intake. This study is two parallel randomised controlled trials (RCT devised to evaluate the school gardening programme of the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS Campaign for School Gardening, to determine if it has an effect on children’s fruit and vegetable intake. Method/Design Trial One will consist of 26 schools; these schools will be randomised into two groups, one to receive the intensive intervention as “Partner Schools” and the other to receive the less intensive intervention as “Associate Schools”. Trial Two will consist of 32 schools; these schools will be randomised into either the less intensive intervention “Associate Schools” or a comparison group with delayed intervention. Baseline data collection will be collected using a 24-hour food diary (CADET to collect data on dietary intake and a questionnaire exploring children’s knowledge and attitudes towards fruit and vegetables. A process measures questionnaire will be used to assess each school’s gardening activities. Discussion The results from these trials will provide information on the impact of the RHS Campaign for School Gardening on children’s fruit and vegetable intake. The evaluation will provide valuable information for designing future research in primary school children’s diets and school based interventions. Trial registration ISRCTN11396528

Christian Meaghan S

2012-04-01

145

Roma children in primary school with a Roma assistant  

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The thesis deals with the issue of schooling of Roma children in primary school. The empirical part explores the influence of a Roma assistant for Roma children on their motivation, success, and persistence in the selected primary school. Based on the dynamics of primary school enrolment of Roma children in the past 15 years, it is possible to establish that the influence of the assistant for Roma children is positive both in the growing number of Roma children in general and in their pers...

Vodopivec, Olga

2012-01-01

146

Study on the Infrared Fingerprints of Three Kinds of Chinese Patent Medicines for Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The consistency of the infrared spectrograms of thirty samples of each kind of Chinese Patent Medicines for Children was investigated by cluster analysis. The results show that the infrared spectrograms of thirty samples of Xiao’er Biyan Pian, Xiao’er Qingfeizhike Pian and Xiao’er Qingganling Pian were in good agreement, respectively. The infrared fingerprints of three kinds of Chinese Patent Medicines were established by average method. The infrared fingerprints of three kinds of Chinese Patent Medicines were compared using the similarity degrees of the characteristic curves. The results indicate that the significant difference was observed between two kinds of Chinese Patent Medicines and the infrared fingerprints can be used to the quality identification of Chinese Patent Medicines.

Lili Yang

2011-12-01

147

Longitudinal Predictors of Spelling and Reading Comprehension in Chinese as an L1 and English as an L2 in Hong Kong Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Predictors of age 10 spelling and reading comprehension skills in both Chinese and English from vocabulary knowledge, phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming (RAN), and word reading at age 8 were tested in this longitudinal study of 141 Hong Kong Chinese children learning to read English as a second language. The correlation between…

Li, Tong; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Wong, Anita; Shu, Hua

2012-01-01

148

Pecularities of risk group children not atending school  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Non attendance of school is a worldwide problem. It existed for ages. However it got to be comprehensive when we began to realize the policy (the law of education of Lithuania claims that all children and teenagers under 16 must attend school) of compulsory education. Many teachers and parents encounter unwillingness of children to learn and attend school and face the problem of nonattendance.

2005-01-01

149

Children's Experiences of the First Year of Primary School  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes a study with first grade children and their views on the primary school curriculum, as well as their influence on decision-making in school. The study was conducted with 20 six- and seven-year-old children in one primary school in Reykjavik, Iceland. The data gathered includes varied research methods such as group…

Einarsdottir, Johanna

2010-01-01

150

Children's Access to Pre-School Education in Bangladesh  

Science.gov (United States)

Using the "Education Watch" household survey database, this paper explores children's access to pre-school education in Bangladesh. Participation in pre-school education has been increasing in Bangladesh at the rate of 0.6% per year and the net enrolment rate was found to be 13.4% in 2005. Enrolment of over-aged children in pre-school education…

Nath, Samir Ranjan; Sylva, Kathy

2007-01-01

151

Birth Order and Maladaptive Behavior in School-Aged Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on Alfred Adler's theories on the effect of birth order on maladaptive behavior in children, this study focused on the relationship between birth order and the referral to counseling of school-aged children with maladaptive disorder. School-aged children (N=217) with academic or behavioral problems, ages 5 to 18, were referred to the staff…

Carmichael, Karla D.

152

The Productive Vocabulary Development in the Written Chinese of the Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking Children  

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This paper reports a longitudinal investigation into the productive vocabulary development in the written Chinese of the Cantonese-speaking elementary children in Hong Kong. Data gathering took place using two vocabulary tests which selected prescriptive vocabulary from the textbooks and the 2007 Vocabulary List. The two assessment tests also included vocabulary from the two classes of words in Chinese, namely, the content and the function words. Data were collected in a senior eleme...

Emily Yee Man Cheung

2011-01-01

153

Psychometric properties of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale in a Hong Kong Chinese community sample  

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This study evaluated the psychometric properties of a widely used self-report anxiety scale-the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) and the associated parent-report version (PSCAS)-in a Hong Kong Chinese community sample. While good psychometric properties of SCAS and PSCAS had been documented in Western cultural contexts (e.g., Australia), no systematic psychometric evaluation of the Chinese-translated SCAS and PSCAS has been published. In this study, psychometric properties of SCAS and P...

2011-01-01

154

Single nucleotide polymorphisms predisposing to asthma in children of Mauritian Indian and Chinese Han ethnicity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Our objective was to investigate the distributions of six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) MS4A2 E237G, MS4A2 C-109T, ADRB2 R16G, IL4RA I75V, IL4 C-590T, and IL13 C1923T in Mauritian Indian and Chinese Han children with asthma. This case-control association study enrolled 382 unrelated Mauriti [...] an Indian children, 193 with asthma and 189 healthy controls, and 384 unrelated Chinese Han children, 192 with asthma and 192 healthy controls. The SNP loci were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism for the Chinese Han samples and TaqMan real-time quantitative PCR for the Mauritian Indian samples. In the Mauritian Indian children, there was a significant difference in the distribution of IL13 C1923T between the asthma and control groups (P=0.033). The frequency of IL13 C1923T T/T in the Mauritian Indian asthma group was significantly higher than in the control group [odds ratio (OR)=2.119, 95% confidence interval=1.048-4.285]. The Chinese Han children with asthma had significantly higher frequencies of MS4A2 C-109T T/T (OR=1.961, P=0.001) and ADRB2 R16G A/A (OR=2.575, P=0.000) than the control group. The IL13 C1923T locus predisposed to asthma in Mauritian Indian children, which represents an ethnic difference from the Chinese Han population. The MS4A2 C-109T T/T and ADRB2 R16G A/A genotypes were associated with asthma in the Chinese Han children.

K., Ramphul; J., Lv; L., Hua; Q.H., Liu; D.Z., Fang; R.X., Ji; Y.X., Bao.

2014-05-02

155

Children’s Early Child Care and their Mothers’ Later Involvement with Schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Theory and policy highlight the role of child care in preparing children for the transition into school. Approaching this issue in a different way, this study investigated whether children’s care experiences before this transition promoted their mothers’ school involvement after it, with the hypothesized mechanism for this link being the cultivation of children’s social and academic skills. Analyses of 1,352 children (1 month-6 years) and parents in the NICHD Study of Early Child Care a...

2012-01-01

156

Assessment of dental maturity of western Chinese children using Demirjian's method.  

Science.gov (United States)

Age estimation plays an important role in forensic medicine and orthodontics. Dental maturity, expressed as dental age, is one of the common indices for age estimation. Demirjian's method, first described in 1973 and based on a large number of French-Canadian samples, is one of the most widely used methods for dental age assessment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the applicability of Demirjian's method for dental age estimation in western Chinese children. Digital panoramic radiographs of 445 children of western Chinese origin, ranging from 8 to 16 years old, were assessed in Demirjian's method. The dental maturity scores (DMSs) and dental ages of all the subjects were calculated by a single observer. The dental ages were compared to the chronological ages with a paired t-test. The general trend in this research showed that the western Chinese children demonstrated a more advanced dental age compared to French-Canadian children as previously presented by Demirjian. The mean difference in each age group between the dental age and chronological age ranged from 0.0071 to 1.2500 years in girls and from -1.0000 to 1.3000 years in boys. The standards of dental age assessment provided by Demirjian for French-Canadian children may be not suitable for western Chinese children. As a result, specific standards of dental age assessment should be established for this population. PMID:20056365

Chen, J W; Guo, J; Zhou, J; Liu, R K; Chen, T T; Zou, S J

2010-04-15

157

Homework Involvement and Functions: Perceptions of Hong Kong Chinese Primary School Students and Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the perceptions of Chinese students and parents in Hong Kong on homework involvement, assignment type and homework functions. The relationships of homework perceptions to student and parent attributes are also assessed. The sample includes 1393 pairs of students and their parents from 36 primary schools in Hong Kong. Findings…

Tam, Vicky C. W.; Chan, Raymond M. C.

2011-01-01

158

Bumpy Journeys: A Young Chinese Adolescent's Transitional Schooling across Two Sociocultural Contexts  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative case study explores one young adolescent's transitional schooling from an American context to a Chinese context. Although the student was bilingual and bicultural, she experiences multiple struggles, triumphs, and dilemmas across the two educational settings. These findings have implications for those adolescents and parents who…

Ma, Wen

2010-01-01

159

School performance and school behavior of children affected by AIDS in China.  

Science.gov (United States)

It is generally recognized that the AIDS epidemic will have a negative effect on the orphans' school education. However, few studies have been carried out to examine the school performance and school behavior of AIDS orphans and vulnerable children (children living with HIV-infected parents). Using both self-report and teacher evaluation data of 1625 children from rural central China, we examined the impact of parental HIV/AIDS on children's school performances (academic marks, educational expectation, and student leadership) and school behaviors (e.g., aggression, shy/anxious and assertive social skills). Results indicate that AIDS orphans and vulnerable children had disadvantages in school performances in comparison to their peers from the same community who did not experience AIDS-related death and illness in their family (comparison children). AIDS orphans had the lowest academic marks based on the reports of both children and teachers. Educational expectation was significantly lower among AIDS orphans and vulnerable children than comparison children from teacher's perspective. AIDS orphans were significantly more likely to demonstrate aggressive, impulsive and anxious behaviors than non-orphans. Moreover, orphans have more learning difficulties. Vulnerable children were also at a disadvantage on most measures. The data suggest that a greater attention is needed to the school performance and behavior of children affected by AIDS. The findings also indicate that AIDS relief and assistance program for children should go beyond the school attendance and make efforts to improve their school performance and education aspiration. PMID:20107622

Tu, Xiaoming; Lv, Yunfei; Li, Xiaoming; Fang, Xiaoyi; Zhao, Guoxiang; Lin, Xiuyun; Hong, Yan; Zhang, Liying; Stanton, Bonita

2009-09-01

160

Chinese Language Teaching in the UK: Present and Future  

Science.gov (United States)

There has been a long history of Chinese learning and teaching (CLT) in the UK, but until recently CLT was predominantly confined to community schools for Chinese children at weekends and a small number of other schools and universities. Therefore, it had remained peripheral for a long time in terms of student numbers and its position in the…

Zhang, George X.; Li, Linda M.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Children Who Won't Go to School (Separation Anxiety)  

Science.gov (United States)

Children Who Won't Go To School (Separation Anxiety) Quick Links Facts for Families - Numerical List Facts ... and behaviors are common among children with separation anxiety disorder. The potential long-term effects (anxiety and ...

162

Specific features of pre-school age childrens's unsuccessful upbringing  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The object of this master research – social and psychopedagogical peculiarities of pre-school age children’s unsuccessful upbringing. The basis of research is Vilnius kindergarten “Pasakait?”. The scientific problem is based on conditions and motion of pre-school age children’s unsuccessful upbringing. There were applied these methods of research: analytical generalization of social, psychological and pedagogical literature on the chosen theme; individual, selected conversations wi...

2004-01-01

163

The role of play in pre-school and younger school age children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper deals with the importance of play for children’s development and learning in institutionalized preschool education, as well as the opportunities it provides concerning the organization of teaching activities with younger school age children. The paper is based on the theoretical framework emphasizing educational character of children’s play, as a specific form of learning. Notwithstanding occasional attempts within pedagogic theory to deny educational values of children’s play...

2006-01-01

164

[Hearing ability of Danish school children when starting and leaving school].  

Science.gov (United States)

School health records for a group of Danish school children, who started school in 1977, 1987 and 1997, were studied in order to evaluate hearing ability at the time of starting school and leaving school. One thousand, six hundred and five children who were evaluated by audiometry were included in the study. We found a higher prevalence of hearing loss in children who started school in 1987 and 1997 compared to those who started in 1977. The typical hearing loss was in the high frequencies. At the end of school the hearing ability of children who had started school in 1977 was just as poor as of that of those who had started in 1987. Whether this hearing loss may lead to poorer learning capacities in the afflicted children should be evaluated by further studies that include information on exposure to noise. PMID:11059299

Gissel, S; Mortensen, J T; Juul, S

2000-10-16

165

School lunch program for health promotion among children in Japan.  

Science.gov (United States)

In Japan, the present school lunch program has been implemented under the "School Lunch Act" enacted in 1954. The main purpose of the school lunch program is to promote healthy development of the minds and bodies of school children. Later, "The School Lunch Act" was revised in 2008 and its aim was changed to "promoting Shokuiku". As of May 2009, approximately 10 million school children participate in the school lunch program. This program itself is an educational activity. School children are responsible for serving lunch and clearing the dishes. They could also learn proper manners, by having meals together with classmates. Furthermore, understanding of balanced diet and food culture can be enhanced through learning the menu of each meal. Recently, as eating disorders and obesity increase among adults and school children, there is rising concern on development of lifestyle-related diseases. Under this circumstance, the Basic Law on Shokuiku was enacted in 2005. Besides, in order to enhance Shokuiku to school children, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology established the Diet and Nutrition Teacher System in April 2007. It is reported that, in those schools with Diet and Nutrition Teachers, a positive impact has been observed in terms of awareness and interest in diet among teachers and guardians. It is also reported that proportion of children skipping breakfast has decreased, and quality of life has been improved. In this way, the Japanese school lunch program system is essential for fostering healthy mind and bodies for the next generation. PMID:22374573

Tanaka, Nobuko; Miyoshi, Miki

2012-01-01

166

Visual profile of children with handwriting difficulties in Hong Kong Chinese.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to find out the visual profiles of children with handwriting difficulties (HWD) in Hong Kong Chinese. Forty-nine children with HWD (mean age 8.4 ± 1.1 years) and 27 controls (mean age 7.7 ± 0.7 years) were recruited. All subjects received eye examination and vision assessment included ocular health, refraction, accommodative functions, binocularity, visual perception (by Gardner reversal frequency test: recognition subtest; Test of visual perceptual skills (non-motor)-revised) and motor skills (by The Beery-Buktenica developmental test of visual motor integration; Detroit test of motor speed and precision). Higher percentages of tropia and phoria (of magnitude >6 prism dioptres) were found in children with HWD of 6.1% and 14.3% respectively. After adjusted for the effect of age, children with HWD showed significantly worse accommodative facility, directionality, visual discrimination, visual spatial relation, visual form constancy, visual sequential memory, visual figure ground, visual closure and visual motor integration. Studies reported the visual functions of children with HWD were mostly concerned with alphabetic languages, while studies concerning Chinese HWD were relatively less. This study provided the visual profiles of children with Chinese HWD. Based on the visual profile, further study is indicated to investigate the effect of optometric interventions on the assessment and remediation for children with HWD. PMID:24176256

Leung, Mabel M P; Lam, Carly S Y; Lam, Sutie S T; Pao, Natalie W Y; Li-Tsang, Cecilia W P

2014-01-01

167

Starting School at a Disadvantage: The School Readiness of Poor Children. The Social Genome Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Poor children in the United States start school at a disadvantage in terms of their early skills, behaviors, and health. Fewer than half (48 percent) of poor children are ready for school at age five, compared to 75 percent of children from families with moderate and high income, a 27 percentage point gap. This paper examines the reasons why poor…

Isaacs, Julia B.

2012-01-01

168

Motor-reduced visual perceptual abilities and visual-motor integration abilities of Chinese learning children.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the relationship between motor-reduced visual perceptual abilities and visual-motor integration abilities of Chinese learning children by employing the Developmental Test of Visual Perception (Hammill, Pearson, & Voress, 1993), in which both abilities are measured in a single test. A total of 72 native Chinese learners of age 5 participated in this study. The findings indicated that the Chinese learners scored much higher in the visual-motor integration tasks than in motor-reduced visual perceptual tasks. The results support the theory of autonomous systems of motor-reduced visual perception and visual-motor integration and query current beliefs about the prior development of the former to the latter for the Chinese learners. To account for the Chinese participants' superior performance in visual-motor integration tasks over motor-reduced visual perceptual tasks, the visual-spatial properties of Chinese characters, general handwriting theories, the motor control theory and the psychogeometric theory of Chinese character-writing are referred to. The significance of the findings is then discussed. PMID:22663773

Lai, Mun Yee; Leung, Frederick Koon Shing

2012-10-01

169

The physical environments significance in pre-school : The environments design and children’s involvement  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

My intention with this paper was to investigate how the teachers in pre-school thinks about the physical environment in pre-school. Both the significance for the pedagogical activity and the children’s involvement in the design. I have done five interviews with pre-school teachers. The result shows that the pre-school teachers consider that the size of the premises and the availability to the material is important factors for children’s development and learning. The pre-school teachers co...

2010-01-01

170

We are all the same, but... : Kenyan and Swedish school children's views on children's rights  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis presents a study on how school children in Kenya and Sweden express their views on children’s rights, in particular rights related to participation, non-discrimination, and education. The overall purpose was to explore the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, its claim to be universal and its relevance for children in various school and life contexts. Group interviews were conducted with 58 children, aged 12-15 years, from four schools, two schools from each cou...

Thelander, Nina

2009-01-01

171

A Psychological Research on Characters in Middle School Chinese Textbooks in China  

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This study made a statistical study and analysis of the Chinese textbooks for six-year-system students. The results showed: (1) in terms of nationality, the number of characters of the Han nationality was 4 times as many as that of minority nationalities. 74.3 per cent of the students can’t tell the differences. In comparison, in primary school Chinese textbooks (The People’s Education Press, in 1993)[1], the progress had been made without doubt; (2) in terms of countr...

Yao, Ben-xian; Dao-yang Wang

2009-01-01

172

Parental age and birth order in Chinese children with congenital heart disease.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Parental age and birth order were studied in 100 Chinese children with congenital heart disease (proven by cardiac catheterisation) and in 100 controls. A higher incidence of congenital heart disease was present in the children with higher birth orders. No relationship was found between the incidence and the paternal or maternal ages. Using the method of multiple regression analysis this birth order effect was significant (p less than 0.01) and independent of parental age. This finding provid...

1982-01-01

173

Education Institutions and Primary Teachers` View to Children`s Pre-school Education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this article research work educational institutions and primary teachers`s view on children`s pre-school education is analyzed. This issue is topical as continuity of pre-school and primary school education influences the quality of education in primary classes a lot.

2006-01-01

174

Chinese Children's Character Recognition: Visuo-Orthographic, Phonological Processing and Morphological Skills  

Science.gov (United States)

Tasks tapping visual skills, orthographic knowledge, phonological awareness, speeded naming, morphological awareness and Chinese character recognition were administered to 184 kindergarteners and 273 primary school students from Beijing. Regression analyses indicated that only syllable deletion, morphological construction and speeded number naming…

Li, Hong; Shu, Hua; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Liu, Hongyun; Peng, Hong

2012-01-01

175

Bilingual Chinese, Malay and Tamil Children's Language Choices in a Multi-lingual Society.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined language choice for three bilingual families in the context of Singapore's bilingual policy for preschool children. Found that Chinese families prefer English for all activities; Malay families prefer the Malayan language for worship and interaction with family; and Tamil families choose the Tamil language for worship but prefer English…

Saravanan, Vanithamani

1999-01-01

176

Category Label Effects on Chinese Children's Inductive Inferences: Modulation by Perceptual Detail and Category Specificity  

Science.gov (United States)

Inductive generalization of novel properties to same-category or similar-looking objects was studied in Chinese preschool children. The effects of category labels on generalizations were investigated by comparing basic-level labels, superordinate-level labels, and a control phrase applied to three kinds of stimulus materials: colored photographs…

Long, Changquan; Lu, Xiaoying; Zhang, Li; Li, Hong; Deak, Gedeon O.

2012-01-01

177

Dravet syndeome: genetic analysis of SCN1A and PCDH19 mutations for 17 Chinese children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: For Dravet syndrome (DS), 80% had mutation in SCN1A gene, which encoded a voltagegated sodium channel. Recent study demonstrated that 16% of SCN1A-negative patients had mutations in protocadherin-19 (PCDH19) genes. The present study examined the genetic mutations in Chinese DS children and assessed the relationship betw...

2012-01-01

178

Theoretical Factors Affecting Parental Roles in Children's Mathematical Learning in American and Chinese-Born Mothers  

Science.gov (United States)

This introductory qualitative study sought to explain American and Chinese-born mothers' personal beliefs and experiences with mathematics, views of U.S. mathematics curriculum, and how these factors influenced motivation regarding roles played in their children's mathematical learning through expectancy-value and attribution theories. The…

Hunt, Jessica H.; Hu, Bi Ying

2011-01-01

179

Bidirectional Longitudinal Relations between Father-Child Relationships and Chinese Children's Social Competence during Early Childhood  

Science.gov (United States)

Using a two-year and three-wave cross-lagged design with a sample of 118 Chinese preschoolers, the present study examined bidirectional longitudinal relations between father-child relationships and children's social competence. The results of structural equation modeling showed bidirectional effects between father-child conflict and social…

Zhang, Xiao

2013-01-01

180

Senior Secondary School Children's Understanding of Plant Nutrition  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to assess children's understanding of plant nutrition. The research was done on a sample of secondary school pupils in the age range of 16 to 19 years in two senior secondary schools in Botswana. The sample contained 137 senior secondary pupils all in their final year of study. These children were above average…

Mosothwane, Modise

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Creativity, Emotional Intelligence, and School Performance in Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies have shown that both creativity and emotional intelligence (EI) were related to children school performance. In this study, we investigated the incremental validity of EI over creativity in an elementary school setting. Seventy-three children aged from 9 to 12 years old were recruited to participate in the study. Verbal and…

Hansenne, Michel; Legrand, Jessica

2012-01-01

182

New School Blues: Helping Children Adjust After a Family Move.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents suggestions for parents to help their children make the adjustment to a new school, focusing on: understanding how moving affects children, teens, and in-betweens; meeting the school counselor or psychologist; looking for warning signs (e.g., prolonged anxiety, depression, or interrupted sleeping); and providing reassurance. A sidebar…

Anderson, Marilyn

2001-01-01

183

Level of Depression in Intellectually Gifted Secondary School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present research was to investigate the difference in depression between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children. After a detailed review of literature the following hypothesis was formulated; there would be a significant difference between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children on…

Shahzad, Salman; Begume, Nasreen

2010-01-01

184

Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a population of 3rd-5th grade students in an urban public school system. Community and school safety were assessed using the School Climate Survey, an annual city...

2010-01-01

185

Perceptions of School Nurses regarding Obesity in School-Age Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Obesity is epidemic in the nation's school-age population with African American and Hispanic children and adolescents specifically at risk. School nurses at elementary and middle public schools in the Missouri 8th Congressional District were surveyed regarding their perceptions of childhood obesity. School nurses supported preventive interventions…

Moyers, Pamela; Bugle, Linda; Jackson, Elaine

2005-01-01

186

Can Future Uncertainty Keep Children Out of School?  

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There is little doubt in the literature, that poverty and liquidity constraints can drive children out of school and into child labour in developing countries. But are there other important explanations for low primary school enrolment rates? The child labour and schooling literature often ignores that uncertainty about future returns results in a need for risk diversification, that children function as old-age security providers when there are no available pension systems, that the human cap...

Lilleør, Helene Bie

2008-01-01

187

Teachers’ Perceptions of Sex Education of Primary School Children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background and Aim: Sex education of children, a complex issue in any culture, has always been a controversial subject. Schools can play a vital role in imparting sex education to children, particularly in more conservative communities. The objective of this study was to find out primary school teachers beliefs, attitudes, values, and understandings regarding sex education of school pupils. Materials and Methods: In this qualitative study we employed a community-based approach to design the p...

2010-01-01

188

Poly-helminth Infection in East Guatemalan School Children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Soil transmitted helminths (STH) remain a global public health concern in spite of occasional dosing campaigns. Aims: To determine baseline prevalence and intensity of STH infection in east Guatemalan school children, and describe the associated epidemiology of anemia, stunting, and wasting in this population. Setting and design: Ten schools in Izabal province (eastern Guatemala) were identified, and 1,001 school children were selected for this study. Half of the sch...

Sorensen William; Cappello Michael; Bell Deborah; DiFedele Lisa; Brown Mary

2011-01-01

189

Self discipline and obesity in Bangkok school children  

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Abstract Background Childhood obesity has become an important public health problem in Thailand. This study aimed to determine the relationship between self discipline and obesity in Bangkok school children. Methods A case control study was conducted. 140 cases (obese children) and 140 controls (normal weight children) were randomly chosen from grades 4-6 students in 4 Bangkok public schools. Questionnaire responses regarding general characteristics and child se...

Sirikulchayanonta Chutima; Ratanopas Wasoontara; Temcharoen Paradee; Srisorrachatr Suwat

2011-01-01

190

Blood Pressure Screening in School-aged Children in Tehran  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction. Hypertension is one of the most common diseases in the world and a major risk factor for cardiovascular, renal, and neurologic diseases. It seems that hypertension and overweight in children are a growing epidemic. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of hypertension in school-aged children in Tehran.Materials and Methods. In a cross-sectional study, blood pressure and anthropometric measurements were performed on school-aged children in Tehran from ...

Masoumeh Mohkam; Abdollah Karimi; Narges Eslami; Alireza Khatami; Fatemeh Fallah; Saiid Maham; Farzaneh Jadali; Fatemeh Abdollah Gorji

2011-01-01

191

Parental Expressivity and Parenting Styles in Chinese Families: Prospective and Unique Relations to Children's Psychological Adjustment.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVES: Parents from different cultures differ in how frequently they express emotions. However, the generalizability of the relations between parental expressivity and child adjustment in non-Western cultures has not been extensively studied. The goal of the present study was to investigate prospective relations between parental expressivity within the family (positive, negative dominant, and negative submissive expressivity) and Chinese children's psychological adjustment, above and beyond parenting styles. DESIGN: The study used two waves (3.8 years apart) of longitudinal data from a sample (n= 425) of children in Beijing (mean ages = 7.7 years at T1 and 11.6 years at T2). Parental expressivity and parenting styles were self-reported. To reduce the potential measurement overlap, items that tap parental expression of emotions toward the child were removed from the parenting style measure. Children's adjustment was measured with parents', teachers', and peers' or children's reports. RESULTS: Consistent with findings with European American samples, parental negative dominant expressivity uniquely and positively predicted Chinese children's externalizing problems controlling for prior externalizing problems, parenting styles, and family SES. Neither parental expressivity nor parenting styles uniquely predicted social competence. CONCLUSIONS: Despite previously reported cultural differences in the mean levels of parental expressivity, some of the socialization functions of parental expressivity found in Western countries can be generalized to Chinese families. Although parental expressivity and parenting styles are related constructs, their unique relations to child's adjustment suggest that they should be examined as distinct processes. PMID:23226715

Chen, Stephen H; Zhou, Qing; Eisenberg, Nancy; Valiente, Carlos; Wang, Yun

2011-01-01

192

Free Time Motivation and Physical Activity in Middle School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined free time motivation and physical activity in 68 middle school children from a rural public school system (N = 24) and a private school located in the same area of the Midwest (N = 44). Results indicated that free time motivation did not explain variability in physical activity behavior during free time or while students were…

Kozub, Francis M.; Farmer, James

2011-01-01

193

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among School Age Palestinian Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: This study was designed to assess the prevalence of PTSD among Palestinian school-age children. Variables that distinguish PTSD and non-PTSD children were examined, including child characteristics, socioeconomic status, family environment, and parental style of influence. Method: Participants were 1,000 children aged 12 to 16 years.…

Khamis, Vivian

2005-01-01

194

Personality and Locus of Control among School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The main purpose of this investigation is to find out the sex differences in personality traits and locus of control among school children. A total 60 children (30 boys and 30 girls) were taken as a sample. The research tool for personality, children personality questionnaire was used, which was made by Cattell and Porter. Locus of control was…

Pandya, Archana A.; Jogsan, Yogesh A.

2013-01-01

195

Children's social/emotional characteristics at entry to school: implications for school nurses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children entering school need to build healthy peer relationships; school, however, is the central place for bullying. School nurses have a growing focus on providing care for students with social, emotional and behavioural problems. We examined the relational development of children at school entry in regard to aggression and empathy, showing that teacher-reported aggression decreased between Pre-primary and Year One, while empathy increased between Year One and Year Two classes. No gender difference was found in teacher-reported total, or covert aggression. Understanding how development of empathy can be supported in children at school entry is important, thereby supporting development of pro-social behaviour and decreasing bullying. School nurses must understand the importance of surrounding children with safety in relationships as they begin school. PMID:23455873

Nelson, Helen; Kendall, Garth; Shields, Linda

2013-09-01

196

Investigating teachers' educational beliefs in Chinese primary schools: socioeconomic and geographical perspectives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This empirical study explores the nature of and profiles in primary teachers’ educational beliefs in the Chinese educational settings. A survey of 820 primary school teachers was conducted using a questionnaire focusing on teachers’ traditional and constructivist beliefs about teaching and learning. Analysis of variance and cluster analysis were applied. Results show that gender and subject domain affect traditional educational beliefs. Significant differences appear considering econom...

Sang, Guoyuan; Valcke, Martin; Braak, Johan; Tondeur, Jo

2009-01-01

197

Relations of Parenting and Temperament to Chinese Children's Experience of Negative Life Events, Coping Efficacy, and Externalizing Problems  

Science.gov (United States)

The relations of parenting and temperament (effortful control and anger/frustration) to children's externalizing problems were examined in a 3.8-year longitudinal study of 425 native Chinese children (6-9 years) from Beijing. Children's experience of negative life events and coping efficacy were examined as mediators in the parenting- and…

Zhou, Qing; Wang, Yun; Deng, Xianli; Eisenberg, Nancy; Wolchik, Sharlene A.; Tein, Jenn-Yun

2008-01-01

198

English Language Learning Strategy Use by Chinese Senior High School Students  

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Language learning strategies are important factors that affect students’ learning. In China, senior high school is an important stage in a person’s education. This study examines the English language learning strategy use by Chinese senior high school students by means of the Strategy I...

Yaping Zhou

2010-01-01

199

Cyberbullying and Its Risk Factors among Chinese High School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Cyberbullying has become a common occurrence among adolescents worldwide; however, it has yet to receive adequate scholarly attention in China, especially in the mainland. The present study investigated the epidemiological characteristics and risk factors of cyberbullying, utilizing a sample of 1,438 high school students from central China.…

Zhou, Zongkui; Tang, Hanying; Tian, Yuan; Wei, Hua; Zhang, Fengjuan; Morrison, Chelsey M.

2013-01-01

200

The Development of Children's Ethnic Identity in Immigrant Chinese Families in Canada: The Role of Parenting Practices and Children's Perceptions of Parental Family Obligation Expectations  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents' role in children's ethnic identity development was examined among 95 immigrant Chinese families with young adolescents living in Canada. Children reported their feelings of ethnic identity and perceptions of parental family obligation expectations. Parents reported their family obligation expectations; parents and children reported on…

Su, Tina F.; Costigan, Catherine L.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Registered Indian Children's School Success and Intergenerational Effects of Residential Schooling in Canada  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Using the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, this study investigates factors associated with school success (as perceived by parents among off-reserve Registered Indian children aged 6 to 14 in Canada. Holding other factors constant, Registered Indian children were more likely to be doing well at school if they were living in households with high income, were living in adequately maintained dwellings, or spoke an Aboriginal language at home. Boys and older children, on the other hand, were less likely to be doing well at school, as were children who were living in larger households, experienced food insecurity, or had parents who attended residential school. Mediation analyses revealed that the negative intergenerational effect of parental residential schooling on children’s school success was partially attributable to household characteristics or economic status. Indeed, former residential school attendees were found to be more likely to live in households with a lower income, live in larger households, and report that their family had experienced food insecurity. These characteristics were, in turn, found to be negatively associated with children’s school success.

Sacha Senécal

2010-05-01

202

Parental School Involvement in Relation to Children's Grades and Adaptation to School  

Science.gov (United States)

From an ecological perspective, it is important to examine linkages among key settings in the child's life. The current study focuses on parents' involvement in children's education both at school and at home. Ninety-one families with school-aged children (91 fathers and 91 mothers) participated in a survey study assessing the levels of parental…

Tan, Edwin T.; Goldberg, Wendy A.

2008-01-01

203

EXAMINATION OF TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Television has powerful effects on children. Howewer TV gives positive messages to children it also can cause children to be inactive and prevent their creative play activities. In this study, it was aimed at to determine the television viewing habits of school age children between 6?12 years old. That Cross-sectional type study has been conducted on 100 students who were selected with stratified randomised sampling method according to sex, age and class among 492 students who were taken...

Arslan, Filiz; U?nal, Ays?e Sevim; Gu?ler, Hamide; Kardas?, Kadriye

2006-01-01

204

EXAMINATION OF TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Television has powerful effects on children. Howewer TV gives positive messages to children it also can cause children to be inactive and prevent their creative play activities. In this study, it was aimed at to determine the television viewing habits of school age children between 6–12 years old. That Cross-sectional type study has been conducted on 100 students who were selected with stratified randomised sampling method according to sex, age and class among 492 students who were taken ed...

2006-01-01

205

”Black, White, Grey” A study about special children’s school day  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This is a case study influenced by Grounded Theory and Symbolic Interactionism. Its focus is on a small group of pupils isolated both geographically and socially from the ordinary school. The composition is written from the children’s perspective. Observations and interviews have made it possible to study both the interaction between the children and also the adults, how the children are described by the adults working with them and what expectations they have on the children. In the light ...

2003-01-01

206

Overweight and School Performance Among Primary School Children: The PIAMA Birth Cohort Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to assess the association between overweight and school performance among primary school children prospectively and including a broad range of potential confounding factors. In addition it was investigated what factors mediate this association. For this purpose, data of 2,159 12-year-old children who participated in the Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy (PIAMA) birth cohort study were used. Two indicators of school performance were parental reported...

Veldwijk, J.; Fries, M. C. E.; Bemelmans, W. J. E.; Haveman-nies, A.; Smit, H. A.; Koppelman, G. H.; Wijga, A. H.

2012-01-01

207

Evaluation of tracheal bronchus in Chinese children using multidetector CT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Tracheal bronchus is a congenital bronchial anomaly. The diagnosis should be considered early in intubated patients. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is the newest modality for evaluating tracheal bronchus. To evaluate the utility of 16-slice MDCT in children with tracheal bronchus and to characterize the frequency of tracheal bronchus in children with congenital heart disease. From June 2005 to May 2007, 3,187 consecutive children (1,124 with congenital heart disease and 2,063 without congenital heart disease) underwent MDCT examination. Minimum-intensity projection reconstruction was performed to show the tracheobronchial tree in every case. Tracheal bronchus was found in 42 children (3.74%) with congenital heart disease but in only 6 children (0.29%) without congenital heart disease. Among the 48 children with tracheal bronchus, 45 had right-side tracheal bronchus and 3 had bilateral tracheal bronchi with heterotaxy syndrome. The diagnostic sensitivity of MDCT was 100% (48/48). MDCT is a reliable imaging technique for the diagnosis of tracheal bronchus. Our data showed that right-side tracheal bronchus was more common and bilateral tracheal bronchi usually occurred with heterotaxy syndrome. In addition, tracheal bronchus often occurred with congenital heart disease. The angle between the tracheal bronchus and the trachea is important and should be measured. (orig.)

Ming, Zhu; Lin, Zhang [Shanghai Children' s Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Shanghai (China)

2007-12-15

208

Right aortic arch with coarctation in Chinese children  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Because of the rarity of right aortic arch coarctation there are few reports of large groups of patients. To characterize the frequency and type of right aortic arch coarctation in a large group of pediatric patients. From June 1997 through May 2007, 11,276 consecutive children with congenital heart disease underwent multidetector CT (MDCT), MRI or angiocardiography examination. All children with a right aortic arch or coarctation were reviewed. Right aortic arch coarctation was found in 11 children representing 0.1% of the total group of 11,276 children, 1.7% of 658 children with native coarctations and 2.3% of 473 children with a right aortic arch. Among the 11 patients, 6 had long-segment narrowing and 7 had an aberrant left subclavian artery. MDCT, MRI and angiocardiography are reliable imaging techniques for the diagnosis of right aortic arch and coarctation. Our findings showed that the pattern of right aortic arch coarctation was different from that of left aortic arch coarctation, suggesting that they are different etiological entities. The pivotal role possibly played by flow dynamics in the development of right aortic arch coarctation is discussed. (orig.)

Ming, Zhu; Aimin, Sun [Shanghai Children' s Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Shanghai (China)

2008-05-15

209

Right aortic arch with coarctation in Chinese children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Because of the rarity of right aortic arch coarctation there are few reports of large groups of patients. To characterize the frequency and type of right aortic arch coarctation in a large group of pediatric patients. From June 1997 through May 2007, 11,276 consecutive children with congenital heart disease underwent multidetector CT (MDCT), MRI or angiocardiography examination. All children with a right aortic arch or coarctation were reviewed. Right aortic arch coarctation was found in 11 children representing 0.1% of the total group of 11,276 children, 1.7% of 658 children with native coarctations and 2.3% of 473 children with a right aortic arch. Among the 11 patients, 6 had long-segment narrowing and 7 had an aberrant left subclavian artery. MDCT, MRI and angiocardiography are reliable imaging techniques for the diagnosis of right aortic arch and coarctation. Our findings showed that the pattern of right aortic arch coarctation was different from that of left aortic arch coarctation, suggesting that they are different etiological entities. The pivotal role possibly played by flow dynamics in the development of right aortic arch coarctation is discussed. (orig.)

2008-05-01

210

Registered Indian Children's School Success and Intergenerational Effects of Residential Schooling in Canada  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Using the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, this study investigates factors associated with school success (as perceived by parents) among off-reserve Registered Indian children aged 6 to 14 in Canada. Holding other factors constant, Registered Indian children were more likely to be doing well at school if they were living in households with high income, were living in adequately maintained dwellings, or spoke an Aboriginal language at home. Boys and older children, on the other hand, were less...

2010-01-01

211

Social pedagogue’s and form master’s cooperation correcting children’s behavior at school  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A concluding thesis by Sandra Remeikait?, postgraduate of Vilnius Pedagogic University, Social Pedagogy Department named “Social pedagogue’s and form master’s cooperation correcting children’s behavior at school” were discussed unsuitable children’s behavior reasons and sequences. The of this work was to inspect social pedagogue’s and form master’s cooperation correcting children behavior at school.

2006-01-01

212

Assessing Kindergarten Children: What School Systems Need to Know.  

Science.gov (United States)

This resource book is designed to guide school systems through a decision-making process to design an assessment system that is best suited to their particular needs. The assessment 'system' will collect information from children through assessment measur...

C. Scott-Little J. Niemeyer

2001-01-01

213

Chinese children's predictions of emotion in rule situations.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated children's predictions in contexts in which desires conflict with forbidden rules. Forty-eight children participated: 4-year-olds, 5-year-olds, and 7-year-olds, with 8 boys and 8 girls in each group. The children listened to stories and were asked to predict behaviors and emotions. The story portrayed one child who wanted to engage in an activity in a certain domain (personal or prudential), but an authority (adult or peer) prohibited him/her from doing so. Only 5- and 7-year-olds predicted more positive emotions for breaking the rule and more negative emotions for complying with the rule in the personal domain than in the prudential domain. The results indicated that older children differentiated the personal domain from the prudential domain. Older children can differentiate adult authority from peer authority. When rules were given by an adult authority, 7-year-olds predicted more positive emotions for transgression and more negative emotions for compliance than when the rules were given by peer authority. Four- and 5-year-olds' predictions did not differ when rules were stated by either of the two authorities. PMID:24340814

Zhou, Shuangzhu; Chen, Yinghe; Zhang, Meng

2013-08-01

214

Cellular telephone use among primary school children in Germany  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: There is some concern about potential health risks of cellular telephone use to children. We assessed data on how many children own a cellular telephone and on how often they use it in a population-based sample. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study among children in their fourth elementary school year, with a median-age of 10 years. The study was carried out in Mainz (Germany), a city with about 200,000 inhabitants. The study base comprised all 37 primary schools in Mainz and near surroundings. Altogether, 1933 children from 34 primary schools took part in the survey (participation rate of 87.8%). Results: Roughly a third of all children (n = 671, 34.7%) reported to own a cellular telephone. Overall, 119 (6.2%) children used a cellular telephone for making calls at least once a day, 123 (6.4%) used it several times a week and 876 (45.3%) children used it only once in a while. The remaining 805 (41.6%) children had never used a cellular telephone. The probability of owning a cellular telephone among children was associated with older age, being male, having no siblings, giving full particulars to height and weight, more time spent watching TV and playing computer games, being picked up by their parents from school by car (instead of walking or cycling) and going to bed late. The proportion of cellular telephone owners was somewhat higher in classes with more children from socially disadvantaged families. Conclusions: Our study shows that both ownership of a cellular telephone as well as the regular use of it are already quite frequent among children in the fourth grade of primary school. With regard to potential long-term effects, we recommend follow-up studies with children

2004-11-01

215

Stronger vection in junior high school children than in adults  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies have shown that even elementary school-aged children (7 and 11 years old) experience visually induced perception of illusory self-motion (vection) (Lepecq et al., 1995, Perception, 24, 435–449) and that children of a similar age (mean age = 9.2 years) experience more rapid and stronger vection than do adults (Shirai et al., 2012, Perception, 41, 1399–1402). These findings imply that although elementary school-aged children experience vection, this ability is subject to further development. To examine the subsequent development of vection, we compared junior high school students' (N = 11, mean age = 14.4 years) and adults' (N = 10, mean age = 22.2 years) experiences of vection. Junior high school students reported significantly stronger vection than did adults, suggesting that the perceptual experience of junior high school students differs from that of adults with regard to vection and that this ability undergoes gradual changes over a relatively long period of development.

Shirai, Nobu; Imura, Tomoko; Tamura, Rio; Seno, Takeharu

2014-01-01

216

Does the Sale of Sweetened Beverages at School Affect Children’s Weight?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In response to the increase in children’s weight in recent decades, many states, school districts, and schools in the United States have limited or eliminated the sale of sweetened beverages at school. These policies are promoted for their potential to reduce childhood overweight and obesity, but their effectiveness has not been evaluated. Using a large nationally representative longitudinal dataset, the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K), this study explores the relat...

2011-01-01

217

Factors Influencing Obesity on School-Aged Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available School-aged children of 6-12 year old in big cities have less physical activities and relax life style. Fast food and soft drink consumed contain high calorie and protein of protein and carbohydrate sources. Obesity has impact on children’s growth and development especially on psychosocial aspect. The factors that play a role in supporting the obesity occurrence in children include socio-economic condition, behavior and life style and diet. A cross sectional descriptive –analytic study was conducted on elementary school students in Jakarta, to identify factors that play roles on obesity of school-aged children. (Med J Indones 2006; 15:43-54Keywords: childhood obesity, weight shape index, body mass index

Soepardi Soedibyo

2006-03-01

218

Typologies of Family Functioning and Children’s Adjustment During the Early School Years  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Guided by family systems theory, the present study sought to identify patterns of family functioning from observational assessments of interparental, parent-child, and triadic contexts. In addition, we charted the implications for patterns of family functioning for children’s developmental trajectories of adjustment in the school context across the early school years. Two-hundred and thirty-four kindergarten children (129 girls and 105 boys; mean age of 6.0 years (SD = .50) at Wave 1) and t...

2010-01-01

219

Mental Adaptation Problems of Children in a Primary School  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: This study was carried out on explanatory purposes to determine psychological compliance state of the children between age group 6-14, receiving education in a primary school province and how common some psychological infancy problems are. METHODS: The samples of the research consist of mothers and teachers of 255 children between age group 6-14, receiving education in a primary school in Sivas province. ?Personal Information Form? and ?Psychological Compliance Meas...

Selma Dogan; Meral Kelleci; Selma Sabanciogullari; Dilek Aydin

2008-01-01

220

Smokeless tobacco use among Native American school children.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Seven published and two unpublished surveys of Native American school children's use of smokeless tobacco (ST) are reviewed. The surveys represent school children in the States of South Dakota, Montana, Nebraska, Washington, Arizona, New Mexico, and Alaska. This review describes and discusses the survey methods, prevalence, duration, and intensity of ST use, and ST health effects documented in these studies. Prevalence of regular ST use ranges from 18 percent in kindergartners through 6th gra...

Bruerd, B.

1990-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Evaluation of Moyers mixed dentition analysis in school children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background and Objective: The purpose of this study is to test the reliability of Moyers mixed dentition analysis in school children. Materials and Methods: A study was conducted on a sample of 150 school children within the age group of 13 to 16 years old who had all permanent teeth that were fully erupted. Dental impressions were taken with alginate impression material and immediately poured with dental stone. Mesiodistal dimensions of permanent mandibular incisors, maxilla...

Durgekar Sujala; Naik Vijay

2009-01-01

222

A Latent Class Analysis of Bullies, Victims and Aggressive Victims in Chinese Adolescence: Relations with Social and School Adjustments  

Science.gov (United States)

This study used the latent class analysis (LCA) to identify and classify Chinese adolescent children's aggressive behaviors. It was found that (1) Adolescent children could be divided into four categories: general children, aggressive children, victimized children and aggressive victimized children. (2) There were significant gender differences among the aggressive victimized children, the aggressive children and the general children. Specifically, aggressive victimized children and aggressive children had greater probabilities of being boys; victimized children had equal probabilities of being boys or girls. (3) Significant differences in loneliness, depression, anxiety and academic achievement existed among the aggressive victims, the aggressor, the victims and the general children, in which the aggressive victims scored the worst in all questionaires. (4) As protective factors, peer and teacher supports had important influences on children's aggressive and victimized behaviors. Relative to general children, aggressive victims, aggressive children and victimized children had lower probabilities of receiving peer supports. On the other hand, compared to general children, aggressive victims had lower probabilities of receiving teacher supports; while significant differences in the probability of receiving teacher supports did not exist between aggressive children and victimized children.

Shao, Aihui; Liang, Lichan; Yuan, Chunyong; Bian, Yufang

2014-01-01

223

Relations of parenting style to Chinese children's effortful control, ego resilience, and maladjustment.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study was to examine the relations of authoritative parenting and corporal punishment to Chinese first and second graders' effortful control (EC), impulsivity, ego resilience, and maladjustment, as well as mediating relations. A parent and teacher reported on children's EC, impulsivity, and ego resilience; parents reported on children's internalizing symptoms and their own parenting, and teachers and peers reported on children's externalizing symptoms. Authoritative parenting and low corporal punishment predicted high EC, and EC mediated the relation between parenting and externalizing problems. In addition, impulsivity mediated the relation of corporal punishment to externalizing problems. The relation of parenting to children's ego resilience was mediated by EC and/or impulsivity, and ego resilience mediated the relations of EC and impulsivity to internalizing problems. PMID:19338693

Eisenberg, Nancy; Chang, Lei; Ma, Yue; Huang, Xiaorui

2009-01-01

224

EXAMINATION OF TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN  

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Full Text Available Television has powerful effects on children. Howewer TV gives positive messages to children it also can cause children to be inactive and prevent their creative play activities. In this study, it was aimed at to determine the television viewing habits of school age children between 6?12 years old. That Cross-sectional type study has been conducted on 100 students who were selected with stratified randomised sampling method according to sex, age and class among 492 students who were taken education from first step of the Ankara-Cigiltepe Primary Education School. Mean age of school age children who were involved in study was 9.1±1.5. It was detemined that 43% of children (n=43 were watching TV more than 3 hours a day, 54% of them were watching TV to relieve their boredom and 48% of them were watching TV because they like watching. When the spare time activities of children were examined it was determined that they were spending their time by playing and making sportive activities with the highest rate (n=95, 26.1%, and television viewing was in the third order (n=61, 17.3%. In this study, it was determined that most of the children were watching TV under the offered time, children whose mother were not working were watching TV for longer time, and TV watching time of the children were increasing with increasing age. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2006; 5(6.000: 391-401

Filiz ARSLAN

2006-12-01

225

SCHOOL AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF CHILDREN IN RURAL AREAS  

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Full Text Available Purpose : The aim of the study was to assess the level of school and out-of-school physical activity of children living in rural area at the early stage of their education. Material : The research was conducted in 2009 at primary school in ?wi?tajno (a village. The study group consisted of 42 girls and 44 boys from the 1 st, 2 nd and 3 rd grade of primary school, aged 7-10. The children were chosen by means of a purposeful selection and surveyed by a questionnaire consisting of five open-ended and five closed-ended questions. Results : The research showed that the children living in the rural area at the early stage of their education eagerly participated in the classes of physical education held at school. The most popular physical activities among the children included: games and plays with the ball and other equipment, running, gymnastics (among girls and matches and competitions (among boys. The outdoor physical activities in which the children were involved outside of school were spontaneous and unorganized including mainly cycling, roller-skating, skating or skiing. Conclusions : A marginal percentage of children participated in out-of-school sports trainings or other physical education-oriented classes (e.g. swimming lessons. A relatively high percentage of children devoted a great deal of their free time to watching television, DVDs or playing on the computer.

Podstawski Robert

2014-07-01

226

Overweight and school performance among primary school children: the PIAMA birth cohort study.  

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The aim of this study was to assess the association between overweight and school performance among primary school children prospectively and including a broad range of potential confounding factors. In addition it was investigated what factors mediate this association. For this purpose, data of 2,159 12-year-old children who participated in the Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy (PIAMA) birth cohort study were used. Two indicators of school performance were parental reported when children were 12 years of age and included (i): the score on a standardized achievement test that Dutch children have to complete at the end of their primary education (Cito)-test and (ii): the teacher's advice regarding a child's potential performance level in secondary education. Children's height and weight were measured by a trained research assistant at the age of 8 and by their parents at the age of 12. Overweight was defined using age and gender specific cut-off points. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to assess the association between overweight and school performance. Besides, both confounder and mediation analyses were conducted. Results showed lower Cito-test scores and lower teacher's school-level advice among overweight children. These associations were no longer significant when adjusting for parental educational level, skipping breakfast, and screen time. This study found no independent association between overweight and school performance among primary school children. Results showed strong confounding by parental educational level. PMID:22030985

Veldwijk, Jorien; Fries, Marieke C E; Bemelmans, Wanda J E; Haveman-Nies, Annemien; Smit, Henriëtte A; Koppelman, Gerard H; Wijga, Alet H

2012-03-01

227

Promoting Smooth School Transitions for Children in Foster Care  

Science.gov (United States)

Children in foster care move two times per year on average. School records are not always transferred in a timely manner, which leads to a lack of services. Schools often are not aware of the legal issues surrounding foster care, such as who has legal rights to sign field trip permission slips or consent for educational evaluations. This study led…

Laviolette, Ghyslyn T.

2011-01-01

228

Natural History of Trachoma in Taiwan School Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

First grade school children entering school in central Taiwan in 1960, 1961 and 1962 were examined periodically for the presence of trachoma infection. The 1960 group was followed through 1966 and the other 2 groups through 1964. The series of eye diagnos...

R. L. Wooldridge J. T. Grayson E. B. Perrin C. Y. Yang K. H. Cheng

1967-01-01

229

Developing School Provision for Children with Dyspraxia. A Practical Guide  

Science.gov (United States)

With a much greater awareness in schools of conditions like dyslexia, dyspraxia and autism, and the effects they have in the context of the educational curriculum, schools are becoming better placed to help children access a curriculum that takes account of the diverse needs of its learners. It has been predicted that as people move through the…

Jones, Nichola, Ed.

2005-01-01

230

New Zealand Children's Spirituality in Catholic Schools: Teachers' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the findings of a small-scale study undertaken with a sample of 10 teachers in Catholic schools in New Zealand. Spirituality is recognised as an important dimension of Catholic schools and this study explored the teachers' perspectives of their own understanding of spirituality, of children's spirituality and the influence…

Kennedy, Anne; Duncan, Judith

2006-01-01

231

Predictors of Immigrant Children's School Achievement: A Comparative Study  

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This paper examines the predictors and indicators of immigrant children's school achievement, using the two of the most predominant groups of American immigrants (103 Koreans and 100 Mexicans). Regression analyses were conducted to determine which independent variables (acculturation, parenting school involvement, parenting style, parent…

Moon, Sung Seek; Kang, Suk-Young; An, Soonok

2009-01-01

232

Making Children's Voices Visible: The School Setting Interview (SSI)  

Science.gov (United States)

Children and young people with disabilities educated in their local school may need services to get equal access to the curriculum. To ensure that any educationally-relevant services achieve the best outcomes, the students' own voices and perspectives should also be included. This paper introduces the School Setting Interview (SSI), an…

Hemmingsson, Helena; Penman, Merrolee

2010-01-01

233

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and the School Nurse  

Science.gov (United States)

As trusted health professionals in the school setting, school nurses are well positioned to identify students who may be victims of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC). However, until recently this issue has been clouded by lack of awareness, stigma, and/or denial. Since nationally the average age of entry for girls into the…

Grace, Lisa Goldblatt; Starck, Maureen; Potenza, Jane; Kenney, Patricia A.; Sheetz, Anne H.

2012-01-01

234

Say the Word Islam: School Counselors and Muslim Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Two Muslim women who hold Ph.D.'s, a clinical and developmental psychologist and a teacher educator speak personally and professionally about important information school counselors need to know about Islam and providing services to Muslim children. First, the authors draw from personal experiences in parenting Muslim children who have come of age…

Saleem, Daa'iyah; Rasheed, Sakinah

2010-01-01

235

Do Child Care Centers Benefit Poor Children after School Entry?  

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Attendance in preschool centers can yield short-term benefits for children from poor or middle-class families. Yet debate persists in Europe and the United States over whether centers yield gains of sufficient magnitude to sustain children's cognitive or social advantages as they move through primary school. We report on child care and home…

Bassok, Daphna; French, Desiree; Fuller, Bruce; Kagan, Sharon Lynn

2008-01-01

236

Life style and behavior of school children without parental care  

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Full Text Available Indroduction Life style (behavior is one of the most significant factors affecting health. Although a number of factors participate in creating behavior, family is one the most important. The goal was to analyze the life style of children without parental care. Material and methods The research was done using cross-sectional data from "Children village" in Sremska Kamenica (N=127, and a questionnaire was especially created for this purpose. Results and discussion It was established that 75% of elementary school children and 43% of high school children are physically active. The greatest health risk is smoking (only 50% of students reported never to smoke cigarettes, while 17.5% were daily smokers. The problem is greatest in high school children (43% polled are daily smokers. Alcohol consumption is less common than in the general population of the same age (10% polled drink beer and wine several times a month, while 5% drink spirits - brandy, whisky etc.. Attitudes to sports, smoking and alcohol are mainly positive, but at older age there is an increased number of children with negative attitudes. Knowledge regarding healthy diet is on a lower level comparing with general population, meals are more regular, but with less desirable food. Conclusion From the aspect of health, life style of children without parental care is characterized by risky behavior, particularly in high school children.

Kvrgi? Svetlana T.

2004-01-01

237

An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings  

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This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

2010-01-01

238

Primary School Children's Self-Efficacy for Music Learning  

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The Self-Efficacy for Musical Learning questionnaire was adapted and tested with 404 primary school children, producing a robust Cronbach alpha (0.87) and confirming a single underlying factor through exploratory factor analysis. Test-retest scores showed the measure's stability over a 9-month period. Data were collected on children's prior music…

Ritchie, Laura; Williamon, Aaron

2011-01-01

239

Developing Primary School Children's Understanding of Energy Waste.  

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Studies 34 elementary school children's understanding of five aspects of energy waste and the ways in which these conceptions develop following teaching. Concludes that the children had good prior awareness of some behaviors that save energy, but their reasons for thinking this were based largely on everyday intuitive ideas that involved…

Kruger, Colin; Summers, Mike

2000-01-01

240

Sexual coercion and health-risk behaviors among urban Chinese high school students  

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Full Text Available Objective: To determine the association between health-risk behaviors and a history of sexual coercion among urban Chinese high school students. Design: A cross-sectional study was performed among 109,754 high school students who participated in the 2005 Chinese Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Data were analyzed for 5,215 students who had experienced sexual intercourse (1,483 girls, 3,732 boys. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the relationship between sexual coercion and the related covariates, and data were stratified by gender. Results: Of those students who had had sexual intercourse, 40.9% of the females and 29.6% of the males experienced sexual coercion (p<0.01. When analyses controlled for demographic characteristics, in the study sample, that is, students who had sexual intercourse, drug use (odds ratios [OR], 2.44, attempted suicide (OR, 2.30, physical abuse (OR, 1.74, binge drinking (OR, 1.62, verbal abuse (OR, 1.29, experience of being drunk (OR, 0.68, and smoking of cigarettes (OR, 0.52 were related to a history of sexual coercion. Patterns of health-risk behaviors also differed among female and male students who had experienced sexual coercion. Conclusions: Sexual coercion is associated with health-risk behaviors. Initiatives to reduce the harm associated with sexual coercion among high school students are needed.

Yi Song

2014-05-01

 
 
 
 
241

The effectiveness of development programming strength in primary school children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The problems of optimizing development strength in primary school children. The purpose of the program is to validate the technology development strength abilities in the classroom physical education at school. A program of strength training by taking into account the effects of power loads. Found that the use of the combined method (option I) makes it possible to obtain positive results in force readiness school classes 2-4 through 3-9 sessions. The combined method (option II) significantly ...

Khudolii O.M.; Titarenco A.A.

2013-01-01

242

Ear screening in primary school children in Lusaka, Zambia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Hearing screening programs for school-aged children are common in the more developed countries, but not in the developing world. Hearing loss is referred to as the silent, overlooked epidemic in developing countries. The 2008 Zambian Ministry of Education statistical bulletin showed that there were a total of 168,866 children with special education needs from grade 1-9. 27,000 children were listed with hearing defects and 70,229 listed as having learning difficulties. Most teache...

Fro?schl, U.; Mwamba, A.

2012-01-01

243

Primary snoring in school children: prevalence and neurocognitive impairments.  

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Purpose: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of primary snoring (PS) and its association with neurocognitive impairments. Methods: Data from a community-based study in 1,114 primary school children were used to identify children who never (N?=?410) or habitually snored (N?=?114). In order to separate children with PS from those with upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) or obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), home polysomnography was conducted in all habituall...

Brockmann, Pablo E.; Urschitz, Michael S.; Schlaud, Martin; Poets, Christian F.

2011-01-01

244

School wellbeing among children in grades 1 - 10  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Determinants of children's school wellbeing have not been extensively studied. In this cross-sectional study of school children we assessed how factors assumed to promote wellbeing and factors assumed to adversely influence wellbeing were associated with self-reported wellbeing in school. Methods Children from five schools, 230 boys and 189 girls in grades 1-10, responded to the same set of questions. We used proportional odds logistic regression to assess the associations of promoting and restraining factors with school wellbeing. Results In a multivariable analysis, degree of school wellbeing in boys was strongly and positively related to enjoying school work (odds ratio, 3.84, 95% CI 2.38 to 6.22 and receiving necessary help (odds ratio, 3.55, 95% CI 2.17 to 5.80 from teachers. In girls, being bothered during lessons was strongly and negatively associated with school wellbeing (odds ratio, 0.43, 95% CI 0.22 to 0.85. Conclusions Different factors may determine school wellbeing in boys and girls, but for both genders, factors relevant for lessons may be more important than factors related to recess. Especially in boys, the student-teacher relationship may be of particular importance.

Løhre Audhild

2010-09-01

245

The attitude of school children towards the functional foods  

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The aim of this thesis was to examine closely the extent to which students know the concept of functional foods and their attitude towards them. We also tried to find out if there were any differences between children, that live in urban environment and visit schools in cities and children, that live in rural environment and visit schools in villages in understanding that term. We got the data from questionnaire that was answered by 122 students of sixth class in two schools, one in urban and...

2013-01-01

246

Improving children’s health and education by working together on school health and nutrition (SHN) programming in Nepal  

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Although the school-age children’s mortality rate is low, they face diseases that keep them from succeeding in school; therefore, the objective of a School Health and Nutrition (SHN) program is to improve the health and nutrition status of school children which leads to improved school performance. The program activities include iron supplementation and deworming; health and nutrition education; capacity building of partners, teachers, and students; and provision of safe drinking water and ...

Chandra Rai; Lee, Seunghee F.; Hari Bahadur Rana; Bharat Kumar Shrestha

2010-01-01

247

The experience of Chinese American parents of children with life-limiting illness: a comprehensive review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Life-limiting childhood illness is a traumatic experience presenting parents with psychological, physical, and social challenges. While cultural influences affect all parents coping with the life-limiting illness and end-of-life period of their child, little is known about the experiences of Chinese American parents. The purpose of this comprehensive literature review was to describe Chinese American parents' experiences during their children's end-of-life period from a culturally informed perspective. Important themes in the literature are revealed including culture-based phenomena regarding philosophy of life and illness that can affect treatment choices, cultural mores that influence parental behaviour in Western health-care systems, specific communication patterns within families and between families and providers, certain coping risks, and gender-based roles and caregiving activities that have implications for provider communication patterns. The findings are consonant with the larger literature regarding the impact of traditional culture and values on Chinese family and health behaviours. Health professionals must be sensitive to Chinese American parents' communication styles, unspoken concerns, and unresolved cultural conflicts in American health-care settings. Educational interventions may be very helpful in this regard. PMID:24273812

Wang, Jinjiao; Kearney, Joan A

2013-07-01

248

School meals, school milk and height of primary school children in England and Scotland in the eighties.  

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In a nutritional surveillance system of primary school children in England and Scotland we assessed the possible effects on height gain of changes in school meals and school milk policies following the 1980 Education Act (No. 2). Mean height and height gain were estimated separately for English and Scottish samples from 1982 to 1984, and for a selective sample of inner city areas with a high proportion of ethnic minorities from 1983 to 1985 in children from 5.00 to 9.99 years. Children receiv...

Rona, R. J.; Chinn, S.

1989-01-01

249

Emotional intelligence and academic achievement of school children.  

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Full Text Available In this research paper researcher tried to find out whether there is a relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement of school children who have not yet reached the adolescent age. The sample for the study consisted of 240 children (120 boys and 120 girls of class 5th having age range 10-11 years from various schools of Jammu city (East. High and low achiever (60 boys and 60 girls in each were differentiated based on their percentage in the last two consecutive examination results. In this study it is found that positive correlation between emotional intelligence & academic achievement of school children in all the four areas. It also seems that those children who have high emotional intelligence will also be high academic achievers. Girls are emotionally intelligent than boys. It may help them in perceiving assimilating, understanding and managing of emotions than boys

Satish Kumar Kalhotra

2012-03-01

250

School Readiness among Low-Income, Latino Children Attending Family Childcare versus Centre-Based Care  

Science.gov (United States)

Latino children often struggle in school. Early childhood education programmes are seen as critical for fostering children's school readiness. Latino families often choose family childcare (FCC) over centre-based childcare (CBC), yet little is known about the school readiness of Latino children attending FCC. We compared school readiness over the…

Ansari, Arya; Winsler, Adam

2012-01-01

251

Prevalence of intolerance to food additives among Danish school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The prevalence of intolerance to food additives was assessed in a group of unselected school children aged 5-16 years. A study group of 271 children was selected on the basis of the results of a questionnaire on atopic disease answered by 4,274 (86%) school children in the municipality of Viborg, Denmark. The children in the study group followed an elimination diet for two weeks before they were challenged with a mixture of food preservatives, colourings and flavours. The challenge was open and the additives were prepared as a fizzy lemonade. If the open challenge was positive, a double-blind placebo controlled challenge with gelatine capsules was performed. The study included 281 children, 10 were excluded, and the remaining 271 children were given the open challenge (98 healthy controls and 173 with atopic symptoms). The open challenge was negative in all 98 healthy control children who had not reported any atopic symptoms. Of the 173 children reporting present or previous atopic disease 17 had a positive open challenge. Of these 17 children 1 experienced gastrointestinal symptoms, 13 reacted with aggravation of atopic eczema, and 3 with urticaria. Twelve of these 17 children went through the double-blind challenge which was positive in 6 cases. Five of these 6 children had positive reactions to synthetic colourings and 1 to citric acid. No serious reactions were seen. Based upon calculations of the results from this study and an earlier multi-center study in children referred to hospital clinics, the prevalence of intolerance to food additives in school children is estimated to be 1-2%. PMID:8220800

Fuglsang, G; Madsen, C; Saval, P; Osterballe, O

1993-08-01

252

Children's Books in a High School Library? A Risky Question Worth Asking.  

Science.gov (United States)

An online survey seeking librarians' opinions about including children's books in the high school library returned many positive responses. Lists ways children's books could be used in high school. Discusses the new wave of children's literature; children's books made into movies; commonality of high school libraries having collections of…

Johnson, Keith

2001-01-01

253

School Children's Happiness Inventory: The Validity and Reliability Study  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to carry out the validity and the reliability study of the School Children’s Happiness Inventory. 358 Elementary school students, 195 (55% of which were female and 163 (45% male, participated in the research. The School Children’s Happiness Inventory, Depression Scale for Children and Scale of Positive and Negative Experience were used as data collection instruments in the research. For the validity study of the inventory, structure validity and criterion dependent validity were checked. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was calculated to identify reliability. At the end of the exploratory factor analysis carried out in order to determine the factor structure of the inventory, the inventory was composed of two factors, as is present in its original form. According to the confirmatory factor analysis, the fit indexes of the scale were determined to be at the acceptable level. At the end of the criterion dependent validity study, it was seen that there was a negatively significant relationship between the School Children’s Happiness Inventory and depression and negative experiences, and a positively significant relationship between the inventory and the positive experiences. At the end of the reliability study, it was seen that Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of the inventory was quite high. As a result of this validity and reliability study, it can be said that the inventory is a valid and reliable assessment instrument for evaluating the happiness of schoolchildren.

Bülent Baki Telef

2014-04-01

254

Seroprevalence of hepatitis e virus among primary school children  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: To investigate the seroprevalence of anti-hepatitis E virus antibody among primary school children in the two different areas of Denizli, Turkey. Methodology : Anti-HEV antibodies were investigated in 185 primary school children (91 from rural areas and 94 from urban areas of Denizli). The children were divided into two age groups as seven-year old group and fourteen-year old group. Samples were tested for anti-HEV Ab by an enzyme-linked immunoassay. Results : A total of 23 primary school children were anti-HEV Ab positive, giving a prevalence of 12.4%. The seroprevalence rate was 13.1% in rural areas and 11.7% in urban areas. The difference in the seropositive rates was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Among 185 primary school children, Anti-HEV antibodies were positive 17 (18.1%) in seven-year old group, and 6 (6.6%) in fourteen-year old group. The difference in the seropositive rates was statistically significant (p<0.05). Conclusions : There was no association between the anti-HEV Ab and gender, socioeconomic level, parental educational level, rural or urban areas. Anti-HEV Ab seroprevalence was higher in seven-year old children than fourteen-year old children.

Cevahir, Nural; Demir, Melek; Bozkurt, Ali Ihsan; Ergin, Ahmet; Kaleli, Ilknur

2013-01-01

255

Children's body mass index, participation in school meals, and observed energy intake at school meals  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Data from a dietary-reporting validation study with fourth-grade children were analyzed to investigate a possible relationship of body mass index (BMI with daily participation in school meals and observed energy intake at school meals, and whether the relationships differed by breakfast location (classroom; cafeteria. Methods Data were collected in 17, 17, and 8 schools during three school years. For the three years, six, six, and seven of the schools had breakfast in the classroom; all other schools had breakfast in the cafeteria. Information about 180 days of school breakfast and school lunch participation during fourth grade for each of 1,571 children (90% Black; 53% girls was available in electronic administrative records from the school district. Children were weighed and measured, and BMI was calculated. Each of a subset of 465 children (95% Black; 49% girls was observed eating school breakfast and school lunch on the same day. Mixed-effects regression was conducted with BMI as the dependent variable and school as the random effect; independent variables were breakfast participation, lunch participation, combined participation (breakfast and lunch on the same day, average observed energy intake for breakfast, average observed energy intake for lunch, sex, age, breakfast location, and school year. Analyses were repeated for BMI category (underweight/healthy weight; overweight; obese; severely obese using pooled ordered logistic regression models that excluded sex and age. Results Breakfast participation, lunch participation, and combined participation were not significantly associated with BMI or BMI category irrespective of whether the model included observed energy intake at school meals. Observed energy intake at school meals was significantly and positively associated with BMI and BMI category. For the total sample and subset, breakfast location was significantly associated with BMI; average BMI was larger for children with breakfast in the classroom than in the cafeteria. Significantly more kilocalories were observed eaten at breakfast in the classroom than in the cafeteria. Conclusions For fourth-grade children, results provide evidence of a positive relationship between BMI and observed energy intake at school meals, and between BMI and school breakfast in the classroom; however, BMI and participation in school meals were not significantly associated.

Mackelprang Alyssa J

2010-03-01

256

Quality Education through Child-Friendly Schools: Resource Allocation for the Protection of Children’s Rights  

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Full Text Available The paper discusses the idea and purpose of Child-Friendly Schools (CFSs initiated by the UNICEF. It analyses the implications of CFSs in terms of improving children’s health and nutrition, promoting gender equality, protecting children’s rights, re-defining education quality and creating positive psycho-emotional environment at schools.

Mariam ORKODASHVILI

2013-06-01

257

A survey of learning problems in black primary school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of the prevalence and types of learning disorders among Black primary school children was undertaken on the East Rand. Class teachers were given a questionnaire and asked to identify the number of children in their class with learning problems and the number of those with specific disabilities such as poor eyesight or hearing, epilepsy, physical handicaps or mental retardation. There were 7516 children in the classes surveyed; 1692 (22,4%) of them were identified by their teachers as having learning problems, while 666 (8,7%) had a physical or mental handicap. The prevalence and present status of children with learning disability need to be defined before plans to improve their education can be established. Our data show that at present classes are large and the prevalence of children with learning problems is high. Improving teachers' skills and reducing the number of children per class might improve the education of children with learning problems. PMID:7209735

Cartwright, J D; Jukes, C; Wilson, A; Xaba, D

1981-03-28

258

Differences in lifestyle behaviors, dietary habits, and familial factors among normal-weight, overweight, and obese Chinese children and adolescents  

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Abstract Background Pediatric obesity has become a global public health problem. Data on the lifestyle behaviors, dietary habits, and familial factors of overweight and obese children and adolescents are limited. The present study aims to compare health-related factors among normal-weight, overweight, and obese Chinese children and adolescents. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study consisted of 4262 children and adolescents aged 5–18 years old from rura...

Guo Xiaofan; Zheng Liqiang; Li Yang; Yu Shasha; Sun Guozhe; Yang Hongmei; Zhou Xinghu; Zhang Xingang; Sun Zhaoqing; Sun Yingxian

2012-01-01

259

A school-based comprehensive lifestyle intervention among chinese kids against obesity (CLICK-Obesity: rationale, design and methodology of a randomized controlled trial in Nanjing city, China  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The prevalence of childhood obesity among adolescents has been rapidly rising in Mainland China in recent decades, especially in urban and rich areas. There is an urgent need to develop effective interventions to prevent childhood obesity. Limited data regarding adolescent overweight prevention in China are available. Thus, we developed a school-based intervention with the aim of reducing excess body weight in children. This report described the study design. Methods/design We designed a cluster randomized controlled trial in 8 randomly selected urban primary schools between May 2010 and December 2013. Each school was randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group (four schools in each group. Participants were the 4th graders in each participating school. The multi-component program was implemented within the intervention group, while students in the control group followed their usual health and physical education curriculum with no additional intervention program. The intervention consisted of four components: a classroom curriculum, (including physical education and healthy diet education, b school environment support, c family involvement, and d fun programs/events. The primary study outcome was body composition, and secondary outcomes were behaviour and behavioural determinants. Discussion The intervention was designed with due consideration of Chinese cultural and familial tradition, social convention, and current primary education and exam system in Mainland China. We did our best to gain good support from educational authorities, school administrators, teachers and parents, and to integrate intervention components into schools’ regular academic programs. The results of and lesson learned from this study will help guide future school-based childhood obesity prevention programs in Mainland China. Trial registration Registration number: ChiCTR-ERC-11001819

Xu Fei

2012-06-01

260

Can Future Uncertainty Keep Children Out of School?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

There is little doubt in the literature, that poverty and liquidity constraints can drive children out of school and into child labour in developing countries. But are there other important explanations for low primary school enrolment rates? The child labour and schooling literature often ignores that uncertainty about future returns results in a need for risk diversification, that children function as old-age security providers when there are no available pension systems, that the human capital investment decision of one child is likely to be influenced by that of his/her siblings, and that rural parents face a choice of investing in either specific or general human capital of their children. In this paper, I investigate the effects of future income uncertainty on the joint human capital investment decision of children in a household. I develop and calibrate a simple illustrative human capital portfolio model and show that existing levels of uncertainty can indeed result in less than full school enrolment within a household, even in a world of perfect credit markets. The paper thus offers an alternative explanation for why it might be optimal for rural parents not to send all of their children to school.

Lilleør, Helene Bie

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Content Analysis of People with Disabilities in Chinese-Language Elementary School Textbooks  

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Full Text Available Textbooks are able to shape the attitude of students. The descriptions of people with disabilities in textbooks would influence students’ attitude to people with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to analyze people with disabilities described in Chinese-language elementary school textbooks, including the prevalence of categories of disabilities, the development of their character, significant others and inclusive education. The results of study include: (1 People with disabilities are significantly underrepresented in Chinese-language elementary school textbooks. The most prevalent disabilities found in textbooks focused on physical disabilities in nature. Four categories of disabilities neglected in textbooks including hearing impairment, autism, emotional disabilities, and developmental retardation. (2 Textbooks tended to emphasize the character development of well-known people with disabilities. (3 Significant others for people with disabilities including parents, teachers, and their peers. (4 Only two compositions regarding to inclusive education in textbooks. The themes focused on the participation of physically and mentally disabled students in class activities and experiencing disabilities.

Tsuey-Ling Lee

2011-06-01

262

Longitudinal Analysis of Chinese High School Student's Stress in School and Academic Achievement  

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In previous research, few studies have examined the effects of adolescents' stress in school on the change rates of their academic achievement. In the present study, we seek to examine the longitudinal relationships between adolescents' stress in school and the change rates of their academic achievement. The results indicated that for those whose…

Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

2011-01-01

263

Predicting internalizing problems in Chinese children: the unique and interactive effects of parenting and child temperament.  

Science.gov (United States)

The additive and interactive relations of parenting styles (authoritative and authoritarian parenting) and child temperament (anger/frustration, sadness, and effortful control) to children's internalizing problems were examined in a 3.8-year longitudinal study of 425 Chinese children (aged 6-9 years) from Beijing. At Wave 1, parents self-reported on their parenting styles, and parents and teachers rated child temperament. At Wave 2, parents, teachers, and children rated children's internalizing problems. Structural equation modeling indicated that the main effect of authoritative parenting and the interactions of Authoritarian Parenting × Effortful Control and Authoritative Parenting × Anger/Frustration (parents' reports only) prospectively and uniquely predicted internalizing problems. The above results did not vary by child sex and remained significant after controlling for co-occurring externalizing problems. These findings suggest that (a) children with low effortful control may be particularly susceptible to the adverse effect of authoritarian parenting and (b) the benefit of authoritative parenting may be especially important for children with high anger/frustration. PMID:23880383

Muhtadie, Luma; Zhou, Qing; Eisenberg, Nancy; Wang, Yun

2013-08-01

264

The Productive Vocabulary Development in the Written Chinese of the Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking Children  

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Full Text Available This paper reports a longitudinal investigation into the productive vocabulary development in the written Chinese of the Cantonese-speaking elementary children in Hong Kong. Data gathering took place using two vocabulary tests which selected prescriptive vocabulary from the textbooks and the 2007 Vocabulary List. The two assessment tests also included vocabulary from the two classes of words in Chinese, namely, the content and the function words. Data were collected in a senior elementary class in 2008 and 2009 respectively. The phonological, orthographical, syntactic and semantic dimensions of the children’s productive vocabulary knowledge in both year four and year five were examined. The longitudinal data of these four linguistic dimensions were scored under respective conditions. The results indicate that the syntactic dimension of the function words is the weakest aspect in vocabulary growth. This may suggest that the syntactic acquisition of the function words seems to take a longer time. Furthermore, two relatively independent aspects of vocabulary knowledge, namely, the phonological-orthographical and the syntactic-semantic, emerge in the vocabulary development.

Emily Yee Man Cheung

2011-10-01

265

Family School Connectedness: An Examination of Participation for Foster Care Families with Children in Schools  

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Research (Henderson & Mapp, 2002) suggests the participation of teachers and families as partners in the education of students builds stronger foundations for the future development of children. This dissertation examined the participation of foster care families in schools and factors that contribute to their participation in the school setting…

Baehr, Katherine Bradley

2009-01-01

266

A Controlled Evaluation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention in Turkish School Children  

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This research was conducted to assess the effect of a weight management program in Turkish school children with overweight and obesity. Forty one students formed the intervention group while 40 students formed the control group in two elementary schools. Students in intervention group were given seven training sessions in a period of 2.5 months.…

Toruner, Ebru Kilicarslan; Savaser, Sevim

2010-01-01

267

School Nurse Interventions in Managing Functional Urinary Incontinence in School-Age Children  

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Uncomplicated urinary incontinence (UI) in school-age children is a prevalent yet underrecognized problem that has remained in the shadow of other concerns commonly perceived as more prominent or urgent. There is good evidence that functional UI in children can be treated and managed effectively. When there is no structural or neurologic…

Rivers, Charisse L.

2010-01-01

268

The association between socioeconomic status and traditional chinese medicine use among children in Taiwan  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM utilization is common in Asian countries. Limited studies are available on the socioeconomic status (SES associated with TCM use among the pediatric population. We report on the association between SES and TCM use among children and adolescents in Taiwan. Methods A National Health Interview Survey was conducted in Taiwan in 2001 that included 5,971 children and adolescents. We assessed the children's SES using the head of household's education, occupation and income. This information was used to calculate pediatric SES scores, which in turn were divided into quartiles. Children and adolescents who visited TCM in the past month were defined as TCM users. Results Compared to children in the second SES quartile, children in the fourth SES quartile had a higher average number of TCM visits (0.12 vs. 0.06 visits, p = 0.027 and higher TCM use prevalence (5.0% vs. 3.6%, p = 0.024 within the past month. The adjusted odds ratio (OR for TCM use was higher for children in the fourth SES quartile than for those in the first SES quartile (OR 1.49; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-2.17. The corresponding OR was 2.17 for girls (95% CI 1.24-3.78. The highest-SES girls (aged 10-18 years were most likely to visit TCM practices (OR 2.47; 95% CI 1.25-4.90. Conclusions Children and adolescents with high SES were more likely to use TCM and especially girls aged 10-18 years. Our findings point to the high use of complementary and alternative medicine among children and adolescents.

Shih Chun-Chuan

2012-02-01

269

Young Children’s Video/Computer Game Use: Relations with School Performance and Behavior  

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This study examined the amount and content of children’s video game playing in relation with behavioral and academic outcomes. Relationships among playing context, child gender, and parental monitoring were explored. Data were obtained through parent report of child’s game play, behavior, and school performance. Results revealed that time spent playing games was related positively to aggression and negatively to school competence. Violent content was correlated positively and educational ...

2009-01-01

270

Temporal trends and recent correlates in sedentary behaviours in Chinese children  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Sedentary behaviours (television, video and computer are related to health outcomes independent of physical activity. Few studies have examined trends and correlates of sedentary behaviours among youth in developing nations. The current study is to examine temporal trends in sedentary behaviours and recent correlates of screen use in Chinese children during a period of economic transition. Methods Secondary analysis of China Health and Nutrition Surveys. Cross-sectional data on sedentary behaviours including screen use among children aged 6-18 years from four surveys in 1997 (n = 2,469, 2000 (n = 1,838, 2004 (n = 1,382 and 2006 (n = 1,128. Temporal trends in screen use by socio-demographic characteristics were examined. The correlates of spending more than 2 hours per day on screen time in the most recent survey data (2006, n = 986 were analysed using survey logistic regression analysis. Results Daily screen time significantly increased in each subgroup by age, sex and urban/rural residence, with the largest increase for urban boys aged 13-18 years from 0.5 hours to 1.7 hours, and for rural boys aged 6-12 years from 0.7 hours to 1.7 hours (p Conclusion This study confirms sedentary behaviour has increased over the last decade in Chinese children. Efforts to ensure Chinese youth meet screen time guidelines include limiting access to screen technologies and encouraging parents to monitor their own screen time and to set limits on their child's screen time.

Dibley Michael J

2011-08-01

271

Associations between School Meals Offered through the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program and Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Ethnically Diverse, Low-Income Children  

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Background: Despite evidence in support of the health benefits associated with fruit and vegetable (FV) intake, national data indicate that FV consumption among school-aged children is below recommended levels, particularly among low-income children. School meals offered through the School Breakfast Program and National School Lunch Program can…

Robinson-O'Brien, Ramona; Burgess-Champoux, Teri; Haines, Jess; Hannan, Peter J.; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

2010-01-01

272

Hair and scalp mycobiota in school children in Nablus area.  

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Hair and scalp mycobiota of 1389 clinically normal children aged 6-12 years attending 12 schools in the Nablus District, Palestinian Authority, was assessed on three occasions over 8-month period (October 1998-May 1999) using the hair brush technique. One hundred and one fungal species belonging to 33 genera were recovered: 6 dermatophytes, 16 dermatophyte-like keratinophilic fungi, and 79 other keratinophilic fungal species. Species varied considerably in their frequency of occurrence and abundance based on their relative importance values (RIVs). The most frequent and abundant species were: Cladosporium cladosporioides, Cl. herbarum, Penicillium chrysogenum and Aspergillus flavus, Microsporum canis, Aphanoascus fulvescence and Chrysosporum sulfureum were the most frequent and abundant species of all dermatophytes and dermatophyte-like keratinophilic fungi recovered. The most frequent and abundant dermatophytes in different communities were M. canis in rural (RIV 0.87) and urban children (0.45), and Trichophyton violaceum (1.41) in refugee camp children. Chrysosporium species were the most frequent and abundant dermatophyte-like keratinophilic fungus in children from all localities followed by Aphanoascus fulvescence. Comparable results on the frequency and abundance of human hair and scalp mycobiota component fungi were obtained based on age group and sex of children. Higher number of species was recovered in spring months (73 species) than in autumn (57) and winter (44) months. Similar occurrence pattern was also noted for dermatophyte-like keratinophilic species and dermatophytes. Higher percentages of children with moderate (11-50) and heavy (< or = 50) spore loads (7.54 and 0.73, respectively) were found in urban school children community than in rural and refugee camp school children (4.7 and 0.1, respectively). Also significantly higher light (1-10) spore load percentages were found in rural (63.67) and refugee camp (62.9) than in urban children (52.6). Of all localities, school children with light spore load comprised the highest percentage of the children examined (37.4), followed by moderate (6.13), and heavy (0.41) spore load categories. However, children with undetected spore load comprised 36.05% of all children. Spore load distribution did not show clear seasonal variations in the study period. Higher percentages of moderate and heavy spore loads were found in male children (8.72 and 0.69, respectively) than in female children (3.4 and 0.1, respectively). However, higher percentages of undetected (38.3) or light spore loads (58.4) were found in females than in males (34.04 and 56.53, respectively). PMID:11469760

Ali-Shtayeh, M S; Salameh, A A; Abu-Ghdeib, S I; Jamous, R M

2001-01-01

273

Prevalence of atopic disease among Danish school children.  

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As a result of a 1990 survey by questionnaire, the symptoms of atopy among all 4,952 school children aged 5 to 16 years in the municipal district of Viborg, Denmark, were registered. Random checks, made among children who were recorded as having symptoms, and others who were recorded as having none, accorded well with the information supplied by the parents about symptoms and the clinical diagnosis of a specialist; 10.5% of all school children had rhinitis, 7% had atopic eczema, 3.2% had urticaria and 4.5% had asthma; 1/4 of all those questioned had shown symptoms within the last year, and a further 13% of all the children were reported as having had atopic symptoms that had disappeared more than a year previously. Of the children showing symptoms within the last year before the survey, 2/3 had gone to a doctor. Of the children with present symptoms, largely asthma, 1/4 had been referred to a hospital allergy clinic. For 1/3 of the children with present symptoms, these had led to no contact with a doctor. Of the cases with present symptoms, 6.5% had had contact with natural healers or chiropractors. Rhinitis and asthma were most frequent among boys, while atopic eczema was most frequent among girls. For both sexes, the frequency of rhinitis increased during their years at school, while the frequency of skin symptoms fell. PMID:8220799

Saval, P; Fuglsang, G; Madsen, C; Osterballe, O

1993-08-01

274

Bully/victim problems among middle school children.  

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Bully/victim problems among six classes of 8-9 year-old and six classes of 11-12 year-old children, attending three middle schools, were investigated by means of Olweus's self-report Bullying Inventory. About 21 per cent of the children reported being bullied, and about 17 per cent reported bullying others, "sometimes" or more often. Reports of both bullying and being bullied were more prevalent among boys than among girls, and among the younger group than among the older group. The two most common forms of bullying were reported to be teasing and hitting/kicking. Fewer of the younger group than the older group reported being bullied by same-age pupils, and more of the former reported being bullied by older pupils. Most boys were bullied by other boys only, whereas girls were more likely to be bullied by children of either sex. Besides being bullied in school, children also reported that this happened on the journey to/from school and in other places such as in the street near where they live. Many children expressed negative attitudes towards bullying, although nearly a third said that they could understand why it happens. The majority of the children who reported being bullied/bullying others had not been spoken to about this by teachers or by someone at home. Victims of bullying, but not bullies, were found to be most likely to report feeling unhappy and lonely at school, and to report having fewer good friends. In Study 2, children identified as bullies, victims and not involved in this type of problem were interviewed to find out why certain children and/or themselves bully/get bullied by others, and the feelings of the children involved. The pattern of responses by the three groups differed in some important ways. PMID:1558813

Boulton, M J; Underwood, K

1992-02-01

275

Longitudinal, cross-cohort comparison of physical activity patterns in Chinese mothers and children  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background There is limited evidence comparing adult and child physical activity (PA trends and examining parent–child PA associations within a newly industrialized country setting. PA research within a newly industrialized country setting is particularly important given the negative effects of rapid urbanization, socioeconomic growth, and technological advances on PA behaviors. The purpose of our study was to examine trends and associations in PA behaviors in Chinese mother-child pairs and to investigate relationships between PA behaviors and socioeconomic variables in this dyad. Methods We studied PA behaviors in 2 separate cohorts of mother-child pairs (n?=?353 followed over a 2–4?year time period using longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (2000 Cohort: 2000–2004; 2004 Cohort: 2004–2006. Comparable mother-child PA behaviors included total metabolic equivalent hours per week (MET-hrs/wk from active commuting, leisure-time sports, and sedentary behaviors. Logistic regression models were used to examine associations between mother and child PA and relationships between PA behaviors and socioeconomic variables. Results Children experienced increases in active commuting and leisure-time sports activities with increasing child age, whereas mothers experienced temporal declines in active commuting and minimal change in leisure-time sports activity. Sedentary behavior was high for children and mothers over time. Mother-child associations were positive for active commuting and leisure-time sports activities and negative for sedentary behavior (P?P? Conclusion Efforts to reduce sedentary behavior in Chinese mothers and children are imperative. While increased leisure-time and active commuting activities in children is encouraging, continued PA promotion in children and more intensive efforts to promote leisure-time sports and active commuting in mothers is needed.

Dearth-Wesley Tracy

2012-04-01

276

The Chinese Number Naming System and Its Impact on the Arithmetic Performance of Pre-Schoolers in Hong Kong  

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Asian children, including Chinese children, perform better than their English-speaking peers in cross-national mathematics studies. This superior Asian performance is attributed to several factors including cultural beliefs, educational systems and practices, and the Chinese number naming system. Given the limited empirical evidence on pre-school

Ng, Sharon Sui Ngan

2012-01-01

277

Significance of Ear Wax Impaction in School Children  

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Background: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of school children with impacted ear wax.

Patients and methods: The subjects included representative sample of 1344 seven to ten years old school children attending I-IV grade of primary school in community Kalesija, Bosnia and Herzuegowina. Methods were parental interview and otoscopy.

Results: Three hundred and twenty eight children (24.4% had ear wax impaction. There were not significant differencies in prevalence of ear wax impaction in boys and girls. Use of cotton-tipped swabs did not caused production of more ear wax.

Conclusion: Routine correct removal of ear wax is recommended because watchfull waiting is possible erroneus and potentially dangerous.

Fuad Brkic

2010-06-01

278

Likeable children, uneasy children: Growing up Muslim in small-town Danish schools  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Drawing on fieldwork in small-town schools with children of Muslim background whose families came to Denmark as United Nation refugees, the chapter explores how pedagogical ideologies of school-based peer sociability inflect childrenâ??s experiences of â??being Muslim.â?? Danish provincial schools, with their permanent classes, emphasis on class-based sociability, and particular understandings of what constitutes religion, represent a particular context for childrenâ??s school experiences. An analysis of two contrasting cases reveals that participation in peer sociability in and beyond school tends to erase a childâ??s personal religiosity, whereas not participating conjures up images of really religious families.

Anderson, Sally Dean

2014-01-01

279

Impact of Parental History of Myopia on the Development of Myopia in Mainland China School-Aged Children  

Science.gov (United States)

BACKGROUND Myopia is a very common condition and a significant public health problem in China. The objective of the study was to explore the genetic influence on myopia in Mainland China school-aged children in Beijing. METHODS In 2008, the data from 15,316 Chinese school students aged 6–18 years from 19 randomized schools in Beijing were analyzed to evaluate genetic influence on myopia in children. Heritability was calculated by mid-parent–offspring regression and parent–offspring regression. RESULTS The estimate of heritability was 0.30 (95% CI, 0.27–0.33) for refractive value (RV). The adjusted mean refractive error was ?2.33D (95% CI, ?2.45 to ?2.21) in children with two myopic parents compared with ?1.13D (95% CI, ?1.78 to ?1.08) in children with no parental myopia. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) was 2.83 (95% CI, 2.47–3.24) in children with two myopic parents compared with no parental myopia. CONCLUSION The study found a strong association between parental history of myopia and genesis of myopia in the offspring even after adjusting for environmental factors.

Lim, Lik Thai; Gong, Yanhong; Ah-kee, Elliott Y; Xiao, Gexin; Zhang, Xiulan; Yu, Shicheng

2014-01-01

280

Intergenerational influence and rituals - children’s behaviour with new school year  

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After Christmas, back-to-school is the most important season for all retailers. Yet, consumer behavior research overlooks this ritual. This paper presents findings from observational and interview data collected at Borovo shoe stores in Croatia in 2010. It considers how research from the back-to-school context contributes to the theories of intergenerational influence for brands and children as marketplace actors.

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Teachers’ Perceptions of Sex Education of Primary School Children  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Sex education of children, a complex issue in any culture, has always been a controversial subject. Schools can play a vital role in imparting sex education to children, particularly in more conservative communities. The objective of this study was to find out primary school teachers beliefs, attitudes, values, and understandings regarding sex education of school pupils. Materials and Methods: In this qualitative study we employed a community-based approach to design the project. Purposeful, voluntary and maximum variation sampling was used to recruit 22 teachers from selected schools in Western Tehran (21 female and 1 male teacher. Information was collected in 4 focus-group discussion sessions. Grounded theory and thematic analysis were used.Results: Findings revealed three major themes: 1 organizational role, 2 institution construction, and 3 individual characteristics. These themes were described by subthemes as follows: 1. for organizational role: organizational culture and policies; 2. for institution construction: family and educational institutions; 3. for individual characteristics: biology, gender, instincts, curiosity, knowledge, and behaviors.Conclusion: From the participants point of views, the school and the family are two important institutions in children sex education. However, teachers are not sufficiently competent in sex behavior education. Inappropriate policies, resource limitations, and the family cultural structure are obstacles in sex education of children in schools. The participants believe the following are priorities in childrens sex education: changing cultural attitudes in organizations and institutions, such as cultural diffusion; sound training approaches in sex-related topics; providing sufficient resources; improving knowledge and skills of teachers in the area of sex education of pupils; and effective interaction between families and school authorities.

H Taghdissi

2010-09-01

282

Self discipline and obesity in Bangkok school children  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Childhood obesity has become an important public health problem in Thailand. This study aimed to determine the relationship between self discipline and obesity in Bangkok school children. Methods A case control study was conducted. 140 cases (obese children and 140 controls (normal weight children were randomly chosen from grades 4-6 students in 4 Bangkok public schools. Questionnaire responses regarding general characteristics and child self-discipline were obtained from children and their parents. Results Self discipline in eating habits, money management and time management were reported at significantly lower levels among the obese group (p Conclusions It was recommended that parents and teachers participate in child self-discipline guidance, particularly with regard to eating habits, money management and time management in a supportive environment that both facilitates prevention of obesity and simultaneously develops a child's personal control.

Srisorrachatr Suwat

2011-03-01

283

A Psychological Research on Characters in Middle School Chinese Textbooks in China  

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This study made a statistical study and analysis of the Chinese textbooks for six-year-system students. The results showed: (1 in terms of nationality, the number of characters of the Han nationality was 4 times as many as that of minority nationalities. 74.3 per cent of the students can’t tell the differences. In comparison, in primary school Chinese textbooks (The People’s Education Press, in 1993[1], the progress had been made without doubt; (2 in terms of countries, the number of Chinese characters was 3.98 times as many as that of foreigners and the description of foreigners did not meet well the requirement of times development; (3 in terms of genders, characters of male were 2.4 times as many as female; (4 in terms of live environment, the proportion of the characters living in ancient was 46.7%. So the description of the contemporary and rural circumstance was not enough;(5 concerning identity and occupation, they focus on men of letters and so on, but pay little attention to ordinary people occupation.
Key words: Middle School Chinese Textbooks, Students, Character’s Feature
Résumé: Cette etude a fait des statistiques et l’analyse de matériels chinois pour les élèves du cycle de 6 ans d’études . Le résultat a montré: (1 En terme de nationalité, le nombre de caractères de la nationalité Han était de 4 fois celui des groupes minorités. 74.3 % des élèves ne parviennt pas à dire les différences. Comme comparaison, dans les écoles primaries, les matériels chinois (la Presse d’ Education du peuple, en 1993[1], il est indoutable qu’ils ont connu un progrès; (2 En terme de pays,le nombre de caractères chinois était de 3.98 fois celui des étrangers dont la description n’ont pas satisfait les demandes du développement; (3 en terme de genre, les caractères masculins étaient de 2.4 fois ceux des féminins; (4 En terme de l’environnement de vie, la proportion de caractères anciens était de 46.7%. Donc la description de la contemporaine and la circomstance rurale n’était pas suffisante;(5 Concernant l’identité et l’occupation, ils mettent un accentt sur les hommes de letttres etc, mais mettent très peu d’attention à l’ occupation des gens ordinaires.
Mots clés: Matériels Chinois dans les Ecoles Secondaires, Elèves, caractéristiques des caractères

Ben-xian YAO

2009-12-01

284

Cognitive functioning of educationaly deprived pre-school children  

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The research has included 96 Roma elementary-school pupils from the first grade, 7 years and 6 months old on average, and 78 pre-school children, (6 years and 1 month old on average), out of which number there were 37 Roma pupils and 41 non-Roma pupils. The cognitive functioning has been tested with a battery consisted of 5 tests, which was based on the (adapted) Wechsler’s scales and the linguistic competence test. The results have shown a significant lagging of Roma children behind the co...

Biro Mikloš; Novovi? Zdenka; Tovilovi? Snežana

2006-01-01

285

VOCABULARY PROBLEMS OF THE LIGHTLY MENTALLY RETARDED SCHOOL AGED CHILDREN  

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Full Text Available The main research objectives are the problems in the vocabulary of school aged, lightly mentally retarded children. Results of the research indicate which are the most important factors that have impact of the vocabulary and language competence of these persons. The research variables are: sex, IQ, chronological age and school age. Comics-like stories were used as an examination instrument in this research. Their interpretation is helpful in determining the vocabulary level of every single examine. At the end of the research some suggestions are presented, whose goal is to enrich children's vocabulary.

Vesna KOSTIC

2000-06-01

286

Respiratory symptoms in children at schools near a foundry.  

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A survey was carried out in response to complaints of increased respiratory symptoms in children at schools near a foundry in Walsall, West Midlands. Air monitoring around the factory had shown concentrations of formaldehyde most of which were orders of magnitude below the current occupational exposure limit of 2.5 mg/m3, although concentrations up to 0.3 mg/m3 had been recorded over short periods. The study sample comprised children aged 6.8-7.8 years from 39 schools in the borough. Informat...

Symington, P.; Coggon, D.; Holgate, S.

1991-01-01

287

Diabetes Risk Factors in Middle Income Pakistani School Children  

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To assess the risk factors for diabetes such as dietary habits, physical fitness score, physical activity, body mass index (BMI) and family history of diabetes amongst school children. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 103 children (ages 8-12 years), from middle-income families from two schools of Karachi. Data of physical fitness score was taken by a physical fitness test and BMI was calculated by measuring weight and height. Dietary records were taken by 24 hours self reported diet r...

Zafar Iqbal Hydrie, M.; Abdul Basit; Naeema Badruddin; Yakoob Ahmedani, M.

2004-01-01

288

Prevalence of Parasomnia in School aged Children in Tehran  

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"nObjectives: Parasomnias can create sleep disruption; in this article we assessed parasomnias in school-aged children in Tehran. "nMethods: In spring 2005, a total of 6000 sleep questionnaires were distributed to school-aged children in 5 districts of Tehran (Iran). A modified Pediatrics sleep questionnaire with 34 questions was used. "nResults: Parasomnias varied from 0.5% to 5.7% among the subjects as follows: 2.7% sleep talking, 0.5% sleepwalking, 5.7% bruxism, 2.3% enuresis, and nightmar...

Mirfarhad Ghalebandi; Mohammad Salehi; Maryam Rasoulain; Mitra Hakim Shooshtari; Morteza Naserbakht; Mohammad Hosien Salarifar

2011-01-01

289

A tuberculin skin test survey among Ghanaian school children  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Ghana has not conducted a national tuberculin survey or tuberculosis prevalence survey since the establishment of the National Tuberculosis Control Programme. The primary objective of this study was therefore to determine the prevalence of tuberculin skin sensitivity in Ghanaian school children aged 6-10 years in 8 out of 10 regions of Ghana between 2004 and 2006. Methods Tuberculin survey was conducted in 179 primary schools from 21 districts in 8 regions. Schools were purposively selected so as to reflect the proportion of affluent private and free tuition public schools as well as the proportion of small and large schools. Results Of the 24,778 children registered for the survey, 23,600 (95.2% were tested of which 21,861 (92.6% were available for reading. The age distribution showed an increase in numbers of children towards older age: 11% of the children were 6 years and 25%, 10 years. Females were 52.5% and males 47.5%. The proportion of girls was higher in all age groups (range 51.4% to 54.0%, p Conclusion Tuberculosis infection is still a public health problem in Ghana and to monitor the trend, the survey needs to be repeated at 5 years interval.

Bonsu Christian

2010-01-01

290

Employing Microsoft Live@edu Cloud Platform to Assist in Teaching Chinese Reading for Junior High School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to investigate junior high school students' learning attitudes and learning effectiveness through administering Microsoft Live@edu to assist in teaching Chinese reading. Quasi-experimental approach was used and a total of 63 eighth grade students were divided into the experimental group (N = 32) and control group (N = 31).…

Shih, Ru-Chu; Cho, Chia-Liang; Tsai, Chih-Cheng; Lou, Shi-Jer

2013-01-01

291

Portfolio Development for In-Service Teachers to Learn the New Chinese Language Teaching Pedagogy in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

The primary focus of this study is the use of portfolio development in an in-service teacher education course that aimed to help primary school teachers develop a better understanding of, and ability to implement, an innovative teaching approach--namely, task-based learning (TBL)--in Chinese language. It explores the impact of portfolio…

Liu, Pui Lee

2009-01-01

292

Getting southern Sudanese children to school  

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Full Text Available The Government of Southern Sudan’s Go to School Initiative,supported by UNICEF, which seeks to get 1.6 millionchildren back in school by the end of 2007, incorporateskey elements of the INEE Minimum Standards for Educationin Emergencies, Chronic Crises and Early Reconstruction.

Sibeso Luswata

2006-07-01

293

VOCABULARY PROBLEMS OF THE LIGHTLY MENTALLY RETARDED SCHOOL AGED CHILDREN  

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The main research objectives are the problems in the vocabulary of school aged, lightly mentally retarded children. Results of the research indicate which are the most important factors that have impact of the vocabulary and language competence of these persons. The research variables are: sex, IQ, chronological age and school age. Comics-like stories were used as an examination instrument in this research. Their interpretation is helpful in determining the vocabulary level of every single ex...

2000-01-01

294

Children approach to a prevention of violence at school  

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THE TOPIC OF THE DISCUSSION: “ Children approach to a prevention of violence at school” SUPERVISOR: Dr. Ieva Kuginyt? VILNIUS PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY, VILNIUS, 2005 Violence at school is very actual problem not only in Lithuania also worldwide. There is a lot of prevention programmes at this moment witch could reduce such phenomenon spread. The aim of this paper is to evaluate pupils’ opinion to violence prevention. First part of this paper analyzes violence prevalence. The author gives...

2005-01-01

295

Dutch elementary school children’s attribution of meaning to written pseudowords  

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Grade two through six elementary school Dutch children were asked to perform a lexical decision task including 90 pseudowords constructed by changing one or two letters in a Dutch word. Subsequently, the children were asked about the meaning of pseudowords they had not crossed out and that they, apparently, had considered to be words. Multiple regression analyses on the lexical decision task showed that the older children were more hindered by the morphemic structure of a pseudoword than by i...

Tellings, Agnes; Bouts, Lex

2011-01-01

296

Multilingual home environment and specific language impairment: a case-control study in Chinese children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Specific language impairment (SLI) is a common developmental disorder in young children. To investigate the association between multilingual home environment and SLI, we conducted a case-control study in Hong Kong Chinese children over a 4-year period in the Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital. Consecutive medical records of all new referrals below 5 years of age were reviewed and children diagnosed with SLI (case) were compared with those referred with other developmental and behavioural problems who had been assessed as having normal language and overall development (control) using the Griffiths Mental Developmental Scale. SLI was defined as those with a language quotient more than one standard deviation below the mean and below the general developmental quotient in children with normal general developmental quotient, but without neurological or other organic diseases. We used binary and ordinal logistic regression to assess any association between SLI and multilingual exposure at home, adjusting for age and gender of subjects, parental age, education level and occupational status, number of siblings, family history of language delay and main caregiver at home. Multivariable linear regression was used to examine the effect of covariates on the language comprehension and expression standard scores assessed by the Reynell Developmental Language Scale. A total of 326 cases and 304 controls were included. The mean ages of cases and controls were 2.56 and 2.89 years respectively. Boys predominated in both groups (cases, 75.2%; controls, 60.2%). The children were exposed to between one and four languages at home, the major ones being Cantonese Chinese followed by English. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) of SLI was 2.94; [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.82, 4.74] for multilingual compared with monolingual exposure. A significant linear dose-response relationship was found (OR of SLI = 2.58 [1.72, 3.88] for each additional language to which the child was exposed). Male gender (OR = 1.88 [1.24, 2.87]), positive family history (OR = 2.01 [1.17, 3.47]), lower education levels of parents (P = 0.028 for father, P = 0.038 for mother) and lower occupational status of father (P = 0.005) were also risk factors for SLI. Multilingual exposure also significantly reduced the language quotient (P = 0.012) and language comprehension standard score (P = 0.016) of children with SLI, but not of normal children. We concluded that multilingual home environment is associated with SLI with a dose-response relationship. Exposure to multiple languages might adversely affect subsequent language ability. PMID:15958153

Cheuk, Daniel Ka Leung; Wong, Virginia; Leung, Gabriel Matthew

2005-07-01

297

Children's literature in the school health education program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children's literature covers a wide range of topics, themes and issues that can help children in the elementary school health education program develop an awareness of personal and public health. A model for selecting and evaluating fictional stories and informational books that deal with topics included in the health education curriculum, giving particular attention to book selections that treat nutrition and environmental issues, is presented in this paper. PMID:6366367

Manna, A L

1984-01-01

298

Correlations among adiposity measures in school-aged children  

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Background: Given that it is not feasible to use dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or other reference methods to measure adiposity in all pediatric clinical and research settings, it is important to identify reasonable alternatives. Therefore, we sought to determine the extent to which other adiposity measures were correlated with DXA fat mass in school-aged children. Methods: In 1110 children aged 6.5-10.9 years in the pre-birth cohort Project Viva, we calculated Spearman correlation coefficie...

Boeke, Caroline E.; Oken, Emily; Kleinman, Ken P.; Rifas-shiman, Sheryl L.; Taveras, Elsie M.; Gillman, Matthew W.

2013-01-01

299

Primary School Children's Vision Screening Project, Mozambique  

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Students on the BSc in Optometry who volunteer with the Mozambique Eyecare Project do vision screenings with local children, supervised by DIT lecturers. These screenings are accredited as part of the students’ learning, and benefit both the children and the students.

2012-01-01

300

School-Based Counseling of Abused Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Abused children experience high rates of behavior, emotional, and learning problems but infrequently receive treatment. Most services provided to abused children and their families are not based on any clear evidence that they work. A number of evidence-based treatments (EBTs), demonstrated to be safe and effective in treating a range of…

Brassard, Marla R.; Rivelis, Erin; Diaz, Vielka

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Ophthalmic Morbidity in School Children in Hilly Areas of Uttarakhand  

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Full Text Available Introduction: School children constitute about one fourth of population of India. Early detection and treatment of various eye diseases helps in avoiding many complications. The magnitude of blindness is 3-4 times greater in developing countries. Very few studies have been conducted in Uttarakhand revealing the ophthalmic morbidity in school children or general population. Hilly areas especially the remote ones face various problems like, poor transportation facilities, distant health facilities, use of traditional methods for treatment, faith healing, customs and belief system, lack of information.  Moreover   water supply, poor personal hygiene and other factors also add up to these problems. Aim: To study the ophthalmic morbidities in school children in 3 schools of Thatyur block. Methodology: It was a cross sectional study. Result: A total of 705 students were enrolled. Permission from school authorities was seeked before the start of study. Schools were visited twice in a week current and preliminary information was taken from the students & teacher regarding education, occupation, income etc. General examination and ophthalmic examination was done with day & torch light along with refraction, with the help of standard Snellen’s chart. Each eye was examined separately. A vision of 6/6 was considered as normal. Near vision was tested with new vision Snellen’s chart at 12-14 inches away from eye.

Surekha Kishore

2014-03-01

302

Formation of concept of decimal system in Mexican school children  

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Full Text Available The present study deals with initial formation of concept of decimal system in second year of education at primary school in Mexico (City of Puebla. Our research is based on Activity Theory conception of teaching-learning process and of gradual introduction of scientific concepts in school age. The method has been designed and worked out with the help of actions in which logic, symbolic, spatial and mathematical aspects were implemented. All actions were introduced within divided activity of children in group guided by adult. A pretest-posttest design was used with an experimental group of Mexican school children. The results showed that children have developed the significant skills necessary for understanding the concept of decimal number system. They were also able to apply this concept for new kind if activity al the end of school year. Such new activity was solving of mathematic problems, which was not included in official school program. We consider that proposed method can be an approximation for solution of common difficulties which arise at primary school concerning teaching of mathematics.

L. Quintanar Rojas

2013-04-01

303

Korean Immigrant Mothers' Perspectives: The Meanings of a Korean Heritage Language School for Their Children's American Early Schooling Experiences  

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This study examines what a Korean heritage language school means to Korean immigrant families and their children, considering Korean immigrant mothers' perspectives on American early schooling. As part of an ethnographic research project on Korean-American children's peer culture in a heritage school, seven mothers, two guardians (grandmothers),…

Kim, Jinhee

2011-01-01

304

Memory performance in Brazilian school-age children  

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Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to investigate different memory systems among children of different school ages. Ninety children who attend schools within the Rio de Janeiro municipality school system, ages 6 to 10 years, were studied. The study excluded children with learning disabilities. All children underwent a neuropsychological evaluation. A two-way analysis of variance revealed significant gender differences in the free delay episodic memory. Age differences were found for the free delay episodic memory and recognition on the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT as well as the recall of the Rey Figure. Semantic memory correlated with Semantic Verbal Fluency. Working Memory as measured by Digit Span subtest of the WISC correlated with the first list learning of the RAVLT. Overall, study results indicated a lower performance among 6-year-old children and gender differences in children 8 and 10 years of age. Data are consistent with the literature and show a distinction in the evolution of different memory systems throughout life.

Luciana Brooking

2012-12-01

305

Visiting Again? Subjective Well-Being of Children in Elementary School and Repeated Visits to School Health Nurses  

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Background: Children with vague complaints are without chronic illness, and who repeatedly visit the school nurse may be at risk for limited academic success. This study compares student reports of subjective well-being between children who do and do not repeatedly visit the school nurse with vague complaints. Methods: Children in grades 4 through…

Leaver, Cynthia A.

2014-01-01

306

Action Schools! BC: A Socioecological Approach to Modifying Chronic Disease Risk Factors in Elementary School Children  

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Full Text Available Background Childhood physical inactivity and obesity are serious public health threats. Socioecological approaches to addressing these threats have been proposed. The school is a critical environment for promoting children’s health and provides the opportunity to explore the impact of a socioecological approach. Context Thirty percent of children in British Columbia, Canada, are overweight or obese, and 50% of youths are not physically active enough to yield health benefits. Methods Action Schools! BC, a socioecological model, was developed to create 1 an elementary school environment where students are provided with more opportunities to make healthy choices and 2 a supportive community and provincial environment to facilitate change at the school and individual levels. Consequences The environment in British Columbia for school- and provincial-level action on health behaviors improved. Focus group and project tracking results indicated that the Action Schools! BC model enhanced the conceptual use of knowledge and was an influencing factor. Political will and public interest were also cited as influential factors. Interpretation The Action Schools! BC model required substantial and demanding changes in the approach of the researchers, policy makers, and support team toward health promotion. Despite challenges, Action Schools! BC provides a good example of how to enhance knowledge exchange and multilevel intersectoral action in chronic disease prevention.

Patti-Jean Naylor, PhD

2006-03-01

307

Diabetes Risk Factors in Middle Income Pakistani School Children  

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Full Text Available To assess the risk factors for diabetes such as dietary habits, physical fitness score, physical activity, body mass index (BMI and family history of diabetes amongst school children. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 103 children (ages 8-12 years, from middle-income families from two schools of Karachi. Data of physical fitness score was taken by a physical fitness test and BMI was calculated by measuring weight and height. Dietary records were taken by 24 hours self reported diet recall charts of two weekdays. Health knowledge was obtained by a questionnaire given to children and a separate questionnaire was given to mothers to get this information. Majority of the children took less healthy food from the choice given to them; according to the self reported dietary intakes, 88% had poor intake of vegetables, 84% had poor intake of milk while 80% had poor intake of fruits. More than 40% of the children consumed soft drinks and fast foods daily. A child on the average watched 2.9 hours of TV/per day on weekdays and 3.5 hours of TV of weekends. Physical fitness score of 45% of the children was unsatisfactory while 29% of children had BMI > 20 Kg/m2. Eighty four percent of the children had first or second degree relative with diabetes. Majority of the children had high risk factors for diabetes with unhealthy diet and low physical activity patterns augmented by strong family history of diabetes. This shows that these children are at increased risk of developing diabetes in later years and preventive measures are required early in life, including lifestyle and behavioral changes to save our future generations from developing diabetes. This information will help in designing interventions for better lifestyle and eating habits which may reduce the later incidence of diabetes in children at adulthood.

M. Zafar Iqbal Hydrie

2004-01-01

308

The Pyramid Club Elementary School-Based Intervention: Testing the Circle Time Technique to Elicit Children’s Service Satisfaction  

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Children’s views of the social-emotional health services they use are important to service evaluation and development. However, often it is parental or clinician feedback that is gathered. In the current study Circle Time groups were run to identify children’s satisfaction with the Pyramid Club School-based intervention and to test the salience of this technique in eliciting children’s views. Children evaluated Clubs positively, reported no adverse effects and suggested ways to develop ...

2013-01-01

309

Social Acceptability of Retarded Children in Nongraded Schools Differing in Architecture. Volume 2, Number 28.  

Science.gov (United States)

The social position of integrated and segregated educable mentally handicapped (EMR) children in a traditional school building was compared to that of EMR children in a no-interior wall school. The results indicated that while EMR children in the unwalled school were known more often by their nonEMR peers, they were not chosen as friends more…

Gottlieb, Jay; Budoff, Milton

310

Cultural Relay in Early Childhood Education: Methods of Teaching School Behavior to Low-Income Children  

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There is a distinct class difference in the way that children are taught school behavior. Teachers in affluent schools use more implicit teaching techniques while teachers of low-income children are more explicit in their teaching of behavior. This stems largely from the alignment of the home culture of middle class children to school behavior and…

Smith, Stephanie C.

2012-01-01

311

Prevention of depressive symptoms in school children.  

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This paper describes the development and preliminary efficacy of a program designed to prevent depressive symptoms in at-risk 10-13 year-olds, and relates the findings to the current understanding of childhood depression. The treatment targets depressive symptoms and related difficulties such as conduct problems, low academic achievement, low social competence, and poor peer relations, by proactively teaching cognitive techniques. Children were identified as 'at-risk' based on depressive symptoms and their reports of parental conflict. Sixty-nine children participated in treatment groups and were compared to 73 children in control groups. Depressive symptoms were significantly reduced and classroom behavior was significantly improved in the treatment group as compared to controls at post-test. Six-month follow-up showed continued reduction in depressive symptoms, as well as significantly fewer externalizing conduct problems, as compared to controls. The reduction in symptoms was most pronounced in the children who were most at risk. PMID:7993324

Jaycox, L H; Reivich, K J; Gillham, J; Seligman, M E

1994-11-01

312

Logical reasoning and fantasy contexts: eliminating differences between children with and without experience in school  

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Full Text Available An experiment investigated the effect of a make-believe fantasy mode of problem presentation on reasoning about valid conditional syllogisms in three groups of 5-year-old children: a school children from middle-class families in England; b school children from middle-class families in Brazil; and, c children from low SES families in Brazil who had never gone to school. Previous investigations had reported that the use of a fantasy context elicited significantly more logically appropriate responses from school children than did other contexts, and that children with school experiences made significantly more logically appropriate responses than did children without school experience. The present investigation extended these findings to show that the beneficial effects of a fantasy context extended to lower-class illiterate children who never had been exposed to schooling

Maria da Graça B. B. Dias

2005-01-01

313

Lead concentration in deciduous teeth from Danish school children.  

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Deciduous teeth were collected from school children in the first grade in six Danish municipalities; 2,033 teeth were received from 1,848 children. The geometric mean for the largest group (from Arhus) was 8.4 micrograms/g. The lead concentrations were similar in two Copenhagen suburbs with a secondary lead and a lead battery factory (geometric means, 9.6 and 9.9 micrograms/g, respectively). Increased lead concentrations were seen in children of low social class, in those whose fathers were automechanics or shipyard workers. Another part of the study showed that children residing in areas with heavy traffic also were at risk for increased lead retention. Thus, automobile exhausts and indirect occupational exposure appear to be important sources of lead retention in children, while a contribution from industrial emissions could not be detected. PMID:2026055

Lyngbye, T; Hansen, O N; Grandjean, P

1991-02-01

314

School Needs of Single-Parent Children in the Middle Grades: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis.  

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The research goals of this study were to determine the special school needs of single-parent children; the effectiveness of schools in addressing those needs; and school policies, programs, and practices that would better address the needs of these children. Subjects were principals of Iowa schools with seventh and eighth grades; single parents of…

Wanat, Carolyn L.

315

Hyperopia in preschool and school children  

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Full Text Available Hypermetropia (hyperopia is a refractive error of the eye in which parallel light rays focus behind the macula luthea without accommodation giving an unclear retinal image. The involvement of accommodation in correction of far-sightedness leads to the following three clinical types of hyperopia: total, latent and manifest. Minor hyperopias can be successfully corrected by accommodation higher than +3.0D. If not corrected timely, they may cause amblyopia and esotropia, while high hyperopic anisometropia of a hyperopic eye, usually results in an amblyopic eye. The study included 200 children (400 eyes within the age range of 3 to 18 years, and it was done following the assigned protocol in the course of clinical ophthalmologic check-ups. The most frequent refractive error in the examined children was hyperopia with hyperopic astigmatism, while anisometropia was found in 22% of children but the frequency was reduced in older children. Refractive family history was found in 60.50% of children. Hyperopia can result in poor visual development, occurrence of amblyopia and strabismus and therefore it represents a significant public health problem. As one of the most frequent amblyogenic factors in children, it can be eliminated/prevented by a screening program and adequate treatment providing prevention of amblyopia, which is a form of blindness. .

Bolinovska Sofija

2007-01-01

316

Effects of Divorce on Children, Traits of Resiliency and School Intervention.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gaining an awareness of the needs of children of divorce and how children achieve resilience should help students become well-adjusted and productive. This paper explores ways in which school systems and school counselors can meet the needs of these children. It portrays the effects of divorce on children by drawing on the literature, observations…

Ackerman, Betty J.

317

A Hidden Minority Becomes Visible: Romani Refugee Children in the Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses educational concerns of Roma, or Gypsy, children in Canada. Provides background information on this minority group and discusses Roma attitudes toward education and Romani children's experiences in Eastern European schools. Provides suggestions for welcoming Romani children into new schools, including developing children's first and…

Tamas, Judit

2001-01-01

318

Academic Activities after School That Help Secondary School Children’s Cognitive Development through Hermeneutic Analysis  

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This research is an effort to look into academic activities after school that help secondary school students in cognition development through Hermeneutic analyse for students of Pantai Remis Secondary School, Perak. This research is also to show that Hermeneutic understanding method can be applied effectively to identify academic activities after school that help secondary school students in their cognition development. This research involved 20 secondary school students from Form 1 to Form 3...

Suppiah Nachiappan; Veeramani Marimuthu; Hari Krishnan Andi; Veeran, Velayudhan P. K.

2012-01-01

319

Lesbian Mothers' Bids for Normalcy in Their Children's Schools  

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Albeit growing in number, lesbian mothers and their children remain a statistical minority in schools. Lesbian mothers in this study described their families as "normal" or "just like any other family." From the perspective of queer theory, normal is a socially constructed and insidious concept. This study analyzes both the strategies participants…

Bower, Laura A.; Klecka, Cari L.

2009-01-01

320

Profile of children with poor school performance in Mumbai.  

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We report on the etiology of poor school performance (PSP) in children assessed at a learning disability clinic in western India over 12 months. Specific learning disabilities (dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia) were the commonest cause of PSP (72.76%), followed by borderline intellectual functioning (8.94%), language barrier (8.54%), and mental retardation (4.88%). PMID:23665607

Karande, S; Doshi, B; Thadhani, A; Sholapurwala, R

2013-04-01

 
 
 
 
321

Children's School Achievement and Parental Work: An Analysis for Sweden  

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Data from Statistics Sweden on 70 000 students entering upper secondary school in 1994 are used along with socioeconomic characteristics from the 1990 census to explore the relationship between market work by parents in Sweden and their children's educational achievement, measured as the Grade Point Average. The results show that there is a…

Norberg-Schonfeldt, Magdalena

2008-01-01

322

"Adopt-a-School"--Program of Eye Care for Children.  

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Describes a program in which community organizations (such as the Lions Club) adopted 20 Ohio schools for six weeks to teach primary grade children the importance of eye care and safety. Materials used in the program (developed by the National Society for the Prevention of Blindness) are outlined. (PHR)

Benton, Virginia H.; Truelove, Nancy

1978-01-01

323

Epidemiologic survey of eye in Cangzhou school children  

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Full Text Available AIM:To investigate the common ocular diseases in school children age of 6 to 14 years old in Cangzhou, Hebei, China and find the relative risk factors. METHODS:From March 2011 to October 2012, 20 schools including 1 and 6 grade school children were randomly selected as survey venues by Cangzhou Eye Hosipital. Then, 3 150 people as the selected residents were enrolled, which was figured out through the random cluster sampling procedure. Every participant completed questionnaire, and a series of examination. SPSS 16.0 was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS:Totally 3 150 residents finally took part in this study.(1There were 2672 eyes suffered lower vision CONCLUSION:The rate of low vision in school children is higher, among these the rate of myopia is the highest. All these result suggested: Family and community should pay sufficient attention to conduct children's eye health and prepare a balanced behaviour, to prevent the occurrence of ophthalmopathy.

Li-Dong Yang

2014-05-01

324

Children and Natural Disasters: A Primer for School Psychologists  

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Worldwide children are impacted by natural disasters, including hurricanes, floods, tornadoes, earthquakes, wildfires, landslides and sandstorms, winter and severe storms, heat waves, volcanoes and tsunamis. School psychologists should understand natural disaster effects, such as economic loss, relocation and health concerns and mental health…

Evans, Linda; Oehler-Stinnett, Judy

2006-01-01

325

Home Environments and Young Latino Children's School Readiness  

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This exploratory study examined the relations among characteristics of children's home environments and two school readiness skills: their oral language and social functioning. Low SES Latino mothers of 122 (65 girls; 57 boys) preschoolers (39-49 months (M=45.00; S.D.=5.40) completed questionnaires about their family demography, their home…

Farver, Jo Ann M.; Xu, Yiyuan; Eppe, Stefanie; Lonigan, Christopher J.

2006-01-01

326

Perfectionism and Self Concept among Primary School Children in Egypt  

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Introduction: The main purpose of this study is to explore the correlation between dimensions of perfectionism and self-concepts among school aged students in Egypt. Method: Two hundred-eighty four children (fifth and sixth graders) participated in this study. The mean age of the participants was 144.37 months, SD 6.36. Pearson correlation…

Tofaha, Gamal Al Sayed; Ramon, Patricia Robledo

2010-01-01

327

Communication Skills Training for Fathers of School-Aged Children.  

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A communication skills training program for fathers of school-aged children was developed and evaluated. Eleven fathers, recruited from announcements distributed by community organizations serving a Boston neighborhood, participated in the program. A "non-equivalent" control group, similarly recruited, was also utilized. The program consisted of…

Levant, Ronald F.; Doyle, Gregory F.

328

Does Poor Handwriting Conceal Literacy Potential in Primary School Children?  

Science.gov (United States)

Handwriting is a complex skill that, despite increasing use of computers, still plays a vital role in education. It is assumed that children will master letter formation at a relatively early stage in their school life, with handwriting fluency developing steadily until automaticity is attained. The capacity theory of writing suggests that as…

McCarney, Debra; Peters, Lynne; Jackson, Sarah; Thomas, Marie; Kirby, Amanda

2013-01-01

329

Orthographic Word Knowledge Growth in School-Age Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: Natural reading experiences provide an opportunity for the development of orthographic word knowledge as well as other forms of partial word knowledge. The purpose of this study was to compare the orthographic word knowledge growth of school-age children with relatively low language skills (LL group) to that of age- and gender-matched…

Wagovich, Stacy A.; Pak, Youngju; Miller, Margaret D.

2012-01-01

330

Chinese Mathematics  

Science.gov (United States)

The School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of St. Andrews Scotland offers this website on the history of Chinese Mathematics. Key features highlighted in the overview include: a discussion of the Chinese version of Pythagoras's theorem, a famous Chinese mathematics book commonly known as the Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, and the work of several Chinese mathematicians. Visitors to the website can also browse a chronological listing of several Chinese mathematicians and read about their careers. Other features of the website include a section summarizing each chapter from the Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, a section highlighting ten other mathematical classics, a review of the Chinese numeral system, and a collection of Chinese problems, which are extracted from various articles in their archive.

331

Prevalence of gingival enlargement in Karnataka school going children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Periodontal diseases affect more people all over the world than dental caries. Increase in size of gingiva is known as gingival hyperplasia or gingival enlargement. Gingival swelling is almost universally the result of Fluid accumulation within the tissues. Enlargement and even aesthetically disfiguring over growth of the gingival tissue, is also a common finding of leukemia, scurvy and subjects undergoing the hormonal changes of puberty, pregnancy, menopause and drugs. Materials & Methods: A sample size of 1500 was taken. All children who were between the chronological age of 5-12 years from selected schools were included in the study.Three age groups were selected for the study, Group I: 5-7yrs, Group II: 7-9 yrs, Group III 9-12yrs. Each group comprised of 500 students. The examination of gingival enlargement was made according to Gingival Enlargement Index. The oral hygiene status of the child was examined using Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified. Results: The prevalence of Gingival Enlargement increased with the increase of age. Though the Prevalence of GE in female children (15.1%) was more than male children (13.4%), it was not statistically significant. Female children (1.6%) had a higher prevalence of epilepsy than male children (0.29%) in this present study. Conclusion: The prevalence of gingival enlargement was predominantly inflammatory, showing that the oral hygiene status of the oral Children in Karnataka was far from satisfactory. Further studies need to be undertaken regarding the prevalence if GE in School going children. How to cite the article: Krishna KB, Raju PK, Chitturi RR, Smitha G, Vijai S, Srinivas BV. Prevalence of gingival enlargement in Karnataka school going children. J Int Oral Health 2014;6(1):106-10. PMID:24653613

Krishna, K Bala; Raju, P Krishnam; Chitturi, Radha Raani; Smitha, G; Vijai, S; Srinivas, B V V

2014-02-01

332

Prevalence of Parasomnia in School aged Children in Tehran  

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Full Text Available "nObjectives: Parasomnias can create sleep disruption; in this article we assessed parasomnias in school-aged children in Tehran. "nMethods: In spring 2005, a total of 6000 sleep questionnaires were distributed to school-aged children in 5 districts of Tehran (Iran. A modified Pediatrics sleep questionnaire with 34 questions was used. "nResults: Parasomnias varied from 0.5% to 5.7% among the subjects as follows: 2.7% sleep talking, 0.5% sleepwalking, 5.7% bruxism, 2.3% enuresis, and nightmare 4%. A group of children showed parasomnias occasionally- this was 13.1% for sleep talking, 1.4% for sleepwalking, 10.6% for bruxism, 3.1% for enuresis and 18.4% for nightmares. "nConclusion: A high proportion of children starting school suffer from sleep problems. In many cases this is a temporary, developmentally related phenomenon, but in 6% of the children the disorder is more serious and may be connected with various stress factors and further behavioral disturbances.

Morteza Naserbakht

2011-06-01

333

Impact of allergic rhinitis in school going children  

Science.gov (United States)

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common chronic pediatric disorder. The International Study for Asthma and Allergies in Childhood phase III found that the global average of current rhinoconjunctivitis symptoms in the 13-14 year age-group was 14.6% and the average prevalence of rhinoconjunctivitis symptoms in the 6-7 year age-group was 8.5%. In addition to classical symptoms, AR is associated with a multidimensional impact on the health related quality of life in children. AR affects the quality of sleep in children and frequently leads to day-time fatigue as well as sleepiness. It is also thought to be a risk factor for sleep disordered breathing. AR results in increased school absenteeism and distraction during class hours. These children are often embarrassed in school and have decreased social interaction which significantly hampers the process of learning and school performance. All these aspects upset the family too. Multiple co-morbidities like sinusitis, asthma, conjunctivitis, eczema, eustachian tube dysfunction and otitis media are generally associated with AR. These mostly remain undiagnosed and untreated adding to the morbidity. To compound the problems, medications have bothersome side effects which cause the children to resist therapy. Children customarily do not complain while parents and health care professionals, more often than not, fail to accord the attention that this not so trivial disease deserves. AR, especially in developing countries, continues to remain a neglected disorder.

Mir, Elias; Panjabi, Chandramani

2012-01-01

334

Impact of allergic rhinitis in school going children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common chronic pediatric disorder. The International Study for Asthma and Allergies in Childhood phase III found that the global average of current rhinoconjunctivitis symptoms in the 13-14 year age-group was 14.6% and the average prevalence of rhinoconjunctivitis symptoms in the 6-7 year age-group was 8.5%. In addition to classical symptoms, AR is associated with a multidimensional impact on the health related quality of life in children. AR affects the quality of sleep in children and frequently leads to day-time fatigue as well as sleepiness. It is also thought to be a risk factor for sleep disordered breathing. AR results in increased school absenteeism and distraction during class hours. These children are often embarrassed in school and have decreased social interaction which significantly hampers the process of learning and school performance. All these aspects upset the family too. Multiple co-morbidities like sinusitis, asthma, conjunctivitis, eczema, eustachian tube dysfunction and otitis media are generally associated with AR. These mostly remain undiagnosed and untreated adding to the morbidity. To compound the problems, medications have bothersome side effects which cause the children to resist therapy. Children customarily do not complain while parents and health care professionals, more often than not, fail to accord the attention that this not so trivial disease deserves. AR, especially in developing countries, continues to remain a neglected disorder. PMID:22701858

Mir, Elias; Panjabi, Chandramani; Shah, Ashok

2012-04-01

335

Bone Mineral Density of the Spine in 11,898 Chinese Infants and Young Children: A Cross-Sectional Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Bone mineral density (BMD) increases progressively during childhood and adolescence and is affected by various genetic and environmental factors. The aim of this study was to establish reference values for lumbar BMD in healthy Chinese infants and young children and investigate its influencing factors. Methods and Findings: Healthy children aged 0 to 3 years who underwent regular physical examinations at the Child Health Care Clinic of Hubei Maternal and Child Health Hospital (N =...

Xu, Haiqing; Zhao, Zhiwei; Wang, Hong; Ding, Ming; Zhou, Aiqin; Wang, Xiaoyan; Zhang, Ping; Duggan, Christopher; Hu, Frank B.

2013-01-01

336

Psychometric Validation and Normative Data of a Second Chinese Version of the Hooper Visual Organization Test in Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The Hooper Visual Organization Test (HVOT) is a measure of visuosynthetic ability. Previously, the psychometric properties of the HVOT have been evaluated for Chinese-speaking children aged 5-11 years. This study reports development and further evidence of reliability and validity for a second version involving an extended age range of healthy…

Lin, Yueh-Hsien; Su, Chwen-Yng; Guo, Wei-Yuan; Wuang, Yee-Pay

2012-01-01

337

The Significance of Bilingual Chinese, Malay, and Tamil Children's English Network Patterns on Community Language Use Patterns.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveyed groups of Chinese, Malay and Tamil families, their use of community languages or mother tongue, and their speaking, reading, and writing proficiency. Found that when parents' community language proficiency in speaking is lower they tend to choose English as preferred language. Children's language confidence affected their language choice.…

Saravanan, Vanithamani

2001-01-01

338

Content Analysis of Free-Response Narratives to Personal Meanings of Death among Chinese Children and Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

The study explores development of the concept of death among 204 Chinese children and adolescents and analyzes the relationships between death concept development and background variables. A coding manual for content analysis of death constructs adapted from R. A. Neimeyer et al. (1983) was used to classify each construct in the paragraphs written…

Yang, Shu Ching; Chen, Shih-Fen

2006-01-01

339

School playground facilities as a determinant of children's daily activity:a cross-sectional study of Danish primary school children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background Previous work has suggested that the number of permanent play facilities in school playgrounds and school-based policies on physical activity can influence physical activity in children. However, few comparable studies have used objective measures of physical activity or have had little adjustment for multiple confounders. Methods Physical activity was measured by accelerometry over 5 recess periods and 3 full school days in 441 children from 16 primary schools in Dunedin, New Ze...

Nielsen, Glen; Bugge, Anna; Hermansen, Bianca; Svensson, Jesper; Andersen, Lars Bo

2011-01-01

340

ATTITUDES OF HEALTHY CHILDREN PARENTS TOWARDS HANDICAPPED CHILDREN AT THE PRE-SCHOOL AGE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since the 1970-ties, in the USA and Western and Eastern Europe, the model of segregated education has been abandoned, and nowadays the handicapped children attend regular schools all together with other healthy pupils. This , so called Integrative Pedagogy, proceeds from the mental hygiene aspects according to which the restrictive environment in special schools has not been a favorable one for the development of those children.The integrational process of these children in preschool institutions and schools has rather been difficult due to a number of reasons. As one of them, already mentioned and found in literature , has been the negative attitude of non-handicapped children parents towards those handicapped in their development.The problem of this research is to check and test the attitude of healthy children parents towards handicapped children at preschool age. This research shall also tend to analyze the origin of the such attitudes i. e. , whether they have been a result of an insufficient information and ignorance of the obstacles during development, or been produced by imitation of the environment, or due to an empathy, or even because of the fear that “ such a thing better never enter their home”, etc.We sincerely believe that, revealing the above parents’ attitudes and their origin, would certainly bring finding ways of their successful socialization and making the integrational process of handicapped children with their normal mates in preschool institutions easier.

Ruzica KERAMICIEVA

1997-03-01

 
 
 
 
341

Schools' health education in Portugal: A case study on children's relations with school meals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Given mounting concerns about overweight and obesity levels in Portugal among children, policy strategies regarding health education through school meals have been implemented to respond to this problem. This article analyses the evolution of health education policies on school meals since the implementation of the democratic political regime in Portugal (1974) paying attention to the rationale behind these policies. It also examines how these policies, which have changed the contents of scho...

Truninger, Mo?nica; Teixeira, Jose?; Horta, Ana; Silva, Vanda Aparecida; Alexandre, Si?lvia

2013-01-01

342

Introducing Science Research to Elementary School Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Suggests that elementary school students should be introduced to science research by involving them in group projects. Argues that this type of collaborative approach is more motivating for the students, and produces less anxiety and a better understanding of the steps involved in scientific methodology. (TW)

Fields, Steve

1987-01-01

343

Secondary Schooling for Children of the Poor.  

Science.gov (United States)

Uses Atlanta's George Washington Carver Comprehensive High School as an example to critique education for disadvantaged youth. The author found both academic and vocational training there inadequate to help students escape the limitations of their socio-economic backgrounds. For journal availability, see SO 509 295. (AM)

Jackson, Philip W.

1981-01-01

344

Resistance Training for Elementary School Age Children  

Science.gov (United States)

It is essential for physical education teachers to utilize a foundation of physiological principles to design and monitor appropriate, safe, and effective exercise for their students. Adult training programs are not appropriate for children. Teachers should consider individual levels of maturation, motor skill ability, and affective needs when…

Langford, George A.; McCurdy, Kevin W.

2005-01-01

345

How do children at special schools and their parents perceive their HRQoL compared to children at open schools?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background There has been some debate in the past as to who should determine values for different health states for economic evaluation. The aim of this study was to compare the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL in children attending open schools (OS and children with disabilities attending a special school (SS and their parents in Cape Town South Africa. Methods The EQ-5D-Y and a proxy version were administered to the children and their parents were requested to fill in the EQ-5D-Y proxy version without consultation with their children on the same day. Results A response rate of over 20% resulted in 567 sets of child/adult responses from OS children and 61 responses from SS children. Children with special needs reported more problems in the "Mobility" and "Looking after myself" domains but their scores with regard to "Doing usual activities", "Pain or discomfort" and "Worried, sad or unhappy" were similar to their typically developing counterparts. The mean Visual Analogue Scale (VAS score of SS children was (88.4, SD18.3, range 40-100 which was not different to the mean score of the OS respondents (87.9, SD16.5, range 5-100. The association between adult and child scores was fair to moderate in the domains. The correlations in VAS scores between Open Schools children and female care-givers' scores significant but low (r = .33, p Discussion It would appear that children with disabilities do not perceive their HRQoL to be worse than their able bodied counterparts, although they do recognise their limitations in the domains of "Mobility" and "Doing usual activities". Conclusions This finding lends weight to the argument that valuation of health states by children affected by these health states should not be included for the purpose of economic analysis as the child's resilience might result in better values for health states and possibly a correspondingly smaller resource allocation. Conversely, if HRQoL is to be used as a clinical outcome, then it is preferable to include the children's values as proxy report does not appear to be highly correlated with the child's own perceptions.

Ramma Lebogang

2010-07-01

346

Albendazole treatment for Giardia intestinalis infections in school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

A randomized controlled trial, 113 school children with Giardia intestinalis infection were treated with albendazole or tinidazole. Albendazole 400 mg once a day x 3 days and tinidazole 50 mg/kg single dose were given orally to 62 and 51 children, respectively. Parasitological cure was documented when there were > or = 2 times negative stool examination for G. intestinalis at 1-2 weeks after therapy. Thirty-one of 62 (50%) children treated with albendazole and 49 of 51 (96.1%) children treated with tinidazole had parasitological cure (p side effects were observed except one case in tinidazole group had severe headache for 30 hours. Albendazole appears to be safe and produced a moderate cure rate for G. intestinalis infection when a 3 day anthelmintic regimen is given. PMID:10695793

Pengsaa, K; Sirivichayakul, C; Pojjaroen-anant, C; Nimnual, S; Wisetsing, P

1999-03-01

347

LIFESTYLE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS IN EARLY SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim of the study: the aim of the study was determining relation between selected health behaviour aspects and level of physical fitness in 1 st - 3 rd grade pupils at primary school in Malbork (Pomorskie province. Materials and Methods: the research was conducted in 2009 among 153 children aged 7-10 years. The research group consisted of 80 girls and 73 boys. The diagnostic survey method with use of a questionnaire technique and a set of indirect motor trials was applied. Results: the research has shown that the health behaviours of young Polish children do not differ from their peers in other countries. The largest percentage of early school-age children in Malbork achieved the average level of physical fitness (57.0%, while the percentage of students with low (22.0% and high (21.0% level was similar. Conclusions: the connection between pro-health attitudes of early school-age children (i.e., leisure activities, own health condition, nutrition and the use of drugs and the level of their physical fitness was not ascertained.

Podstawski Robert

2014-04-01

348

[Bone mineralization and calcium intake in Chilean school children].  

Science.gov (United States)

Bone mineralization was evaluated in 36 school age children with calcium intake below 50% of Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA), and compared with 28 school age children with calcium intake higher than 100% of the RDA. The total group was aged between 86 and 178 months. The calcium intake was evaluated by 24 hours recordatory survey. Height for age and weight for height were evaluated according to WHO tables. Puberal development was evaluated according to Tanner stages. Bone mineral density (BMD) and total bone mass (TBM) of whole body, spine and femoral neck were measured with Norland 2600 densitometer. School age children with intakes below 50% of RDA had lower height for age adequation (97.7 +/- 4.0%), whole body TBM adequation (98.9 +/- 17.9%) and BMD adequation (97.8 +/- 7.9%) than those ingesting more than 100% of the RDA (115.9 +/- 17.4%), (109.7 +/- 18.0%) and (104.7 +/- 11.1%) respectively. In spine, however, there was a clear tendency to be lower, there were no significant differences between both groups. There were no differences in femoral necks BMD adequation, or TBM adequation between both groups. These results show that children with calcium intake below 50% of the recommendation has lower adequation of statural growth and bone mineralization. The role of calcium in the differences found in this study is discussed. PMID:9382676

Leiva, L; Burrows, R; Lillo, R; Pumarino, H; Muzzo, S

1995-09-01

349

Girls versus boys? Factors associated with children's schooling in rural Malawi  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The decision on whether to send children to school or not is essentially one made by the household. Recent research has increasingly focused on how intra-household bargaining affects the school participation decision, and with special focus on the mother’s position relative to the father. In this thesis I have sought to identify factors affecting children’s schooling, with special focus on child’s gender, parents’ role and preferences and how the school participation outcome may be re...

Nina, Bruvik Westberg

2012-01-01

350

Prevalence and Determinants of Obesity among Primary School Children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Childhood obesity has increased dramatically and has become a public health concern worldwide. Childhood obesity is likely to persist through adulthood and may lead to early onset of NCDs. However, there is paucity of data on obesity among primary school children in Tanzania. This study assessed the prevalence and determinants of obesity among primary school children in Dar es Salaam. A cross sectional study was conducted among school age children in randomly selected schools in Dar es Salaam...

2013-01-01

351

The Implications of Early Attentional Regulation for School Success among Low-Income Children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examined the longitudinal associations between attentional regulation in preschool and children’s school success in later elementary school within an at-risk sample (N = 2,595). Specifically, two facets of attention (focused attention and lack of impulsivity) at age 5 were explored as independent predictors of children’s achievement and behavioral competence at age 9. Overall, the pattern of results indicates specificity between the facets of attention and school success, such ...

2012-01-01

352

NPHS1 and NPHS2 gene mutations in Chinese children with sporadic nephrotic syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent discoveries indicate that the molecules in glomerular podocytes and slit diaphragms may play an important role in the development of proteinuria and nephrotic syndrome. Mutational analyses of NPHS1 and NPHS2 were performed to verify this hypothesis in sporadic nephrotic syndrome (NS) patients. Clinical characteristics and DNA samples were collected from 38 Chinese children with sporadic steroid-sensitive NS, 22 with steroid-resistant NS and 30 controls. Direct sequencing was performed after PCR amplification of all 29 and 8 exons of the NPHS1 and NPHS2 genes, respectively. In NPHS1, 4 patients had heterozygous missense mutations leading to amino acid substitutions (R800C, Q453R). Furthermore, 3 known single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) were found (T741T, V763V, S1105S). In NPHS2, 3 patients had novel heterozygous allelic variants leading to amino acid substitutions (S206I, E188D), while 1 patient was found to carry a novel nonsense mutation leading to a truncated protein product (Glu237STOP). Two known polymorphisms were also found (A318A, L346L). The results demonstrate that NPHS1 and NPHS2 mutations are also present in Chinese sporadic NS patients, suggesting that genetic changes of nephrin and podocin may play pathogenetic roles in some patients with sporadic steroid resistant NS. PMID:17211152

Mao, Jianhua; Zhang, Yang; Du, Lizhong; Dai, Yuwen; Gu, Weizhong; Liu, Ai'min; Shang, Shiqiang; Liang, Li

2007-01-01

353

Interparental Conflict and Children’s School Adjustment: The Explanatory Role of Children’s Internal Representations of Interparental and Parent–Child Relationships  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examined how children’s insecure internal representations of interparental and parent–child relationships served as explanatory mechanisms in multiple pathways linking interparental conflict and parent emotional unavailability with the emotional and classroom engagement difficulties the children had in their adjustment to school. With their parents, 229 kindergarten children (127 girls and 102 boys, mean age = 6.0 years, SD = .50, at Wave 1) participated in this multimethod, 3-...

Sturge-apple, Melissa L.; Davies, Patrick T.; Winter, Marcia A.; Cummings, E. Mark; Schermerhorn, Alice

2008-01-01

354

Oral performance of children in nursery school and first grade of primary school  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

My thesis entitled Oral performance of children in nursery school and first grade of primary school consists of a theoretical and empirical part. In the theoretical part I focused on the term 'rhetoric', which is a synonym of the term 'elocution'. The term has changed during different periods and with it also oral preformance in public and in primary school as well. The aim of the thesis is to determine the opinions and points of view of the teachers about the oral performance of their pu...

Vlas?ic?, Katja

2013-01-01

355

A School-Based Intervention Program as a Context for Promoting Socioemotional Development in Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated the role of a school-based intervention program, called the Integrated School Day, in the socioemotional development of Finnish children during their first years of school. The 3-year program involved the restructuring of the school day by adding in extracurricular activities, which were organized on school premises,…

Metsapelto, Riitta-Leena; Pulkkinen, Lea; Tolvanen, Asko

2010-01-01

356

Intergenerational influence and rituals - children’s behaviour with new school year  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available After Christmas, back-to-school is the most important season for all retailers. Yet, consumer behavior research overlooks this ritual. This paper presents findings from observational and interview data collected at Borovo shoe stores in Croatia in 2010. It considers how research from the back-to-school context contributes to the theories of intergenerational influence for brands and children as marketplace actors.

Katharine C. Sredl

2012-07-01

357

School based working memory training: Preliminary finding of improvement in children’s mathematical performance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Working memory is a complex cognitive system responsible for the concurrent storage and processing of information. Ggiven that a complex cognitive task like mental arithmetic clearly places demands on working memory (e.g., in remembering partial results, monitoring progress through a multi-step calculation), there is surprisingly little research exploring the possibility of increasing young children’s working memory capacity through systematic school-...

Witt, Marcus

2011-01-01

358

Nocturnal asthma in school children of south punjab, pakistan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At the present time, the epidemiology of the childhood asthma is of considerable interest. There is an understandable concern that changes in the geographical area, lifestyle, and environment. This study was conducted to find the prevalence of nocturnal asthma, in school children of south Punjab, Pakistan. It was a cross sectional, questionnaire based, descriptive survey of the children aged 3-18 years, in randomly selected primary and secondary schools, from October 2002 to March 2003. The data was analysed with Statistical Analysis System (SAS). Of 6120 questionnaire sent to the parents/guardians, we received 3180 back (52%). Of the 3180 respondents, 1767 (56%) were for boys and 1413 (44%) were for girls. The median age was 8.25 years. Around 71% of children were between 4 to 11 years of age. The parents reported nocturnal asthma in 177 (6%) of their children with an equal prevalence in boys and girls, i.e., (3% each, rounded off to nearest whole number). Of these 177 children with nocturnal asthma, 99 (56%) were boys and 78 (44%) were girls. Of the 1767 boys and 1413 girls, the nocturnal asthma reported by parents was 6% each (99 and 78 respectively). The nocturnal asthma was not reported in 14-18 years age group of females. The asthma is taken as a stigma in our society and as such is not reported or disclosed rather denied. An extensive educational media campaign is required for awareness of the masses. (author)

2008-01-01

359

Children's Perception Of Parenting Styles In Relation To Schooling Background  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A parenting style is a psychological construct representing standard strategies that parents use in their child rearing. Parents create their own style from a combination of factors, and these may evolve over time as the children develop their own personalities and move through life's stages. A total sample of 210 children in the age group of 8-10 years were chosen for the study which was equally divided among 3 different schools i.e. Municipal, Private, & Aided with the help of purposive sampling. Aself- structured questionnaire was prepared on children's perception on parenting styles with 10 hypothetical statements. The tool was validated and the reliability of the tool was found Father: r = 0.979, Mother: r= 0.983. The data was quantitatively analyzed. The findings indicate that the schooling background doesn't affect the parenting styles. Most of the parents use authoritative parenting styles, want their children to be responsive and mature, they develop a sense of independence in their children, but still have limits and consequences.

Asha Menon

2013-09-01

360

Active commuting to school among NSW primary school children: implications for public health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Regular active commuting by walking/cycling can help maintain an active lifestyle. The frequency, duration and correlates of school active commuting were examined for primary school children in NSW, Australia. Walking/cycling-only and in combination with bus/car were of short duration (median 7 or 4 min, respectively) and their frequency dropped within a short distance (>0.75 km) from school. Apart from distance, child's age, school affiliation and perceived safety, regular walking/cycling (10 trips, 22%) was associated with parents' travel mode to work and with father taking the child to school. Frequent walking/cycling (5 trips, 37%) was associated with child's level of independence and the perceived benefits of active commuting. Behaviour change in this setting requires multi-level strategies. PMID:16263323

Merom, Dafna; Tudor-Locke, Catrine; Bauman, Adrian; Rissel, Chris

2006-12-01

 
 
 
 
361

Blood lead levels of primary school children in Dhaka, Bangladesh.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Dhaka, Bangladesh, has one of the highest air lead levels in the world. In February 2000, we evaluated children at five primary schools in Dhaka to determine blood lead (BPb) levels, sources of environmental exposure, and potential risk factors for lead poisoning. Selected schools represented a range of geographic and socioeconomic strata. A total of 779 students 4-12 years of age participated. The mean BPb level was 15.0 microg/dL (range 4.2-63.1 microg/dL). Most students (87.4%) had BPb lev...

Kaiser, R.; Henderson, A. K.; Daley, W. R.; Naughton, M.; Khan, M. H.; Rahman, M.; Kieszak, S.; Rubin, C. H.

2001-01-01

362

Asymptomatic Giardiasis in school children in Rey city  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken to know the rate of intestinal parasites infestations in our school children population. A sum of 1155 fecal samples were analyzed from an equal number of children whose age were between 6-11 years old. The percentage of infestations were: Giardia lamblia (14.11%), hymenolepis nana (1.21%), ascaris lumbricoides (0.08%) and enterobius vermicularis (0.08%). We found no differences with regard to sex, age, father and mother levels of educatio...

Rafiei M; Torkaman M; Sharbatdar Alaei MR

2000-01-01

363

Children's Perception Of Parenting Styles In Relation To Schooling Background  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A parenting style is a psychological construct representing standard strategies that parents use in their child rearing. Parents create their own style from a combination of factors, and these may evolve over time as the children develop their own personalities and move through life's stages. A total sample of 210 children in the age group of 8-10 years were chosen for the study which was equally divided among 3 different schools i.e. Municipal, Private, & Aided with the help of purposive sam...

2013-01-01

364

Measuring health-related quality of life in children with cancer living in mainland China: feasibility, reliability and validity of the Chinese mandarin version of PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales and 3.0 Cancer Module  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL is widely used instrument to measure pediatric health-related quality of life (HRQOL for children aged 2 to 18 years. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the feasibility, reliability and validity of the Chinese mandarin version of the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales and 3.0 Cancer Module in a group of Chinese children with cancer. Methods The PedsQL 4.0 Genetic Core Scales and the PedsQL 3.0 Cancer Module were administered to children with cancer (aged 5-18 years and parents of such children (aged 2-18 years. For comparison, a survey on a demographically group-matched sample of the general population with children (aged 5-18 and parents of children (aged 2-18 years was conducted with the PedsQL 4.0 Genetic Core Scales. Result The minimal mean percentage of missing item responses (except the School Functioning scale supported the feasibility of the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales and 3.0 Cancer Module for Chinese children with cancer. Most of the scales showed satisfactory reliability with Cronbach's ? of exceeding 0.70, and all scales demonstrated sufficient test-retest reliability. Assessing the clinical validity of the questionnaires, statistically significant difference was found between healthy children and children with cancer, and between children on-treatment versus off-treatment ?12 months. Positive significant correlations were observed between the scores of the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scale and the PedsQL 3.0 Cancer Module. Exploratory factor analysis demonstrated sufficient factorial validity. Moderate to good agreement was found between child self- and parent proxy-reports. Conclusion The findings support the feasibility, reliability and validity of the Chinese Mandarin version of PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales and 3.0 Cancer Module in children with cancer living in mainland China.

Ji Yi

2011-11-01

365

Recommendations for Working with African American Parents of Primary School Children in Low-Resourced Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to provide a strength-based discussion of the relationship between parenting values of low-income African Americans and the academic performance of their school-aged children. Using resilience theory as a framework (Seccombe, 2002), the authors suggest that African American parents in low-resourced communities have…

Mehta, Sejal; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Sanders, Tiffany; Goodman, Rachael

2007-01-01

366

Tracing Cultures behind the Struggling Experience of a Chinese High School Student Writing Application Letters in English  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

By examining the affect, behavior and cognition (the ABCs) involved in the writing process of a Chinese high school student composing application essays in English (a foreign language) as a case study by means of ethnographic approach and under the notion of small culture, this study aims to illustrate how different cultural forces interact with one another and how they come to play in the shaping of rhetorical differences between learner's native language (L1/NL )and second or foreign langua...

Liqiu Wei; Ji Liu

2012-01-01

367

Effects of Cross-Language Transfer on First-Language Phonological Awareness and Literacy Skills in Chinese Children Receiving English Instruction  

Science.gov (United States)

The present investigation consists of two studies examining the effects of cross-language transfer on the development of phonological awareness and literacy skills among Chinese children who received different amounts of English instruction. Study 1 compared Chinese students in regular English programs (92 first graders and 93 third graders) with…

Chen, Xi; Xu, Fen; Nguyen, Thien-Kim; Hong, Guanglei; Wang, Yun

2010-01-01

368

Reducing Children's Exposure to School Bus Diesel Exhaust in One School District in North Carolina  

Science.gov (United States)

Children who are exposed to diesel exhaust from idling school buses are at increased risk of asthma exacerbation, decreased lung function, immunologic reactions, leukemia, and increased susceptibility to infections. Policies and initiatives that aim to protect school children from the harmful effects of exposure to diesel exhaust range from…

Mazer, Mary E.; Jacobson Vann, Julie C.; Lamanna, Beth F.; Davison, Jean

2014-01-01

369

Caregivers' moral narratives of their African American children's out-of-school suspensions: implications for effective family-school collaborations.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this qualitative study, the authors examined the culturally nuanced meanings of out-of-school suspensions for 30 lower income caregivers of African American children suspended from school. Caregivers were invited to describe their experiences of their children's suspensions during in-depth, individual, audiotaped interviews. Caregivers generally valued their children's school success, recognized when their children had misbehaved, and supported educators' imposition of appropriate consequences. Out-of-school suspensions, however, were rarely viewed as appropriate consequences. On the contrary, caregivers produced emotionally laden moral narratives that generally characterized their children's suspensions as unjust; harmful to children; negligent in helping children with underlying problems such as bullying; undermining parents' racial socialization; and, in general, racially problematic. Suspensions also contributed to some families' withdrawal from participation in their schools. Understanding how caregivers experience children's out-of-school suspensions provides important clues to how families and schools can work together to effectively reduce racial disparities in out-of-school suspensions. PMID:24032307

Gibson, Priscilla A; Haight, Wendy

2013-07-01

370

Use of traditional Chinese medicine in Singapore children: perceptions of parents and paediatricians.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

INTRODUCTION: In a country dominated by western healthcare, interest in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is growing. The increasing popularity of TCM, occasionally used with conventional medicine, needs to be assessed, especially in a vulnerable paediatric population. This paper sought to evaluate the use of TCM in children, mainly to determine the common conditions they seek TCM, the pattern of acupuncture or herbal usage for various age groups, the extent of concurrent usage of TCM and conventional medicine, and the reasons for TCM use. Paediatricians\\' perceptions of TCM will allow us to gauge the acceptability of TCM by those who practise conventional medicine. These are assessed in another arm of this study, with a set of predictive characteristics for their personal TCM use, their perceptions of herb\\/acupuncture safety, and their own referral to TCM eventually determined. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was administered on 300 parents awaiting consultation at a large TCM clinic. Next, a separate qualitative questionnaire survey form was posted to 100 paediatricians. RESULTS: Herb usage in children is very common (84.3 percent) and 80 percent of parents admitted concurrent usage of TCM and conventional medicine for their children. Drug-herb interactions was an issue of concern for paediatricians. Paediatricians with a higher level of self-reported TCM knowledge were more likely to refer for a cure. CONCLUSION: This was the first study to determine the characteristics of children attending a large TCM clinic in a country which is dominated by western healthcare. It also provided insight into the perceptions of TCM among paediatricians in Singapore. Specifically, it gave us an idea of the predictor traits that determine their referral patterns to TCM and their perceptions of herb and acupuncture safety.

Loh, C H

2009-12-01

371

Local school children curious about CMS  

CERN Multimedia

Imagine the scene: about 20-30 schoolchildren aged 8-11 and about 1.25 m tall; a couple of adults, let’s say on average 1.75 m tall, and then one high-energy physics experiment 15 m tall. This is what you could have seen on 2, 6 and 9 February in the CMS cavern, as two local schools participated in the “Be a scientist!” programme.   "I think they've got it..." Two classes from the primary school in the village of Cessy, where CMS is located, took part in the visits on 2 and 9 February, and all 36 pupils from CM2 (Year 6) at the Ecole des Bois in nearby Ornex took part in the visit on 6 February. “They asked so many questions,” says Sandrine Saison Marsollier, CERN’s educational officer for the local community, who accompanied some of the classes to CMS. “Most of them had practical questions about what they saw, for example how big and how heavy the experiment is, and which bit goes where. But some ...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

372

Dalit children's experiences and perspectives regarding school participation in Nepal  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The caste based discrimination has been a matter of great discussion in societal and governmental level in Nepal. Several scholars have discussed this matter focusing on how people have been discriminated in the ground of caste in society, and other social and governmental institutions. There are also some contributions focusing in particular on how dalit people have been excluded from education. It has been noticed, however, that children perspectives and voices about their schooling experie...

2013-01-01

373

Prevalence of Dental Fluorosis in School Children of Jodhpur City  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aims and objectives: The present study was carried out to know the prevalence of dental fluorosis and the relation of dental fluorosis at varying degree of fluoride concentration in drinking water among the study subjects. Methodology: The study population was selected by stratified cluster random sampling methodology. A total of 1810 school children were screened for dental fluorosis. Data was entered into computer and analyzed using (SPSS 11.5 version). Chi square test was used for co...

Jitender Solanki; Jyothi Dundappa; Nagendra Babu K

2011-01-01

374

Factors Associated with Cigaret Smoking in Elementary School Children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A survey of 625 elementary school children in an urban area for substance use, specifically, cigarets, alcohol and drugs, and the social factors associated with such use, revealed 38 admitted smokers in this age range, strongly influenced by parents, siblings and peers who smoked. Cigaret use was also associated with drug and alcohol use. These findings corroborate those from studies of teenagers who smoke, showing that peer pressure is not the sole factor in starting to smoke, as several oth...

1983-01-01

375

Program for increasing reading fluency of primary school children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Reading fluency is a crucial component of reading as its elements form preconditions for reading comprehension. In this thesis we researched the reading of 4th grade children with specific focus on the reading fluency. We prepared a program for increasing reading fluency focusing on reading technique and speed. The program was applied on six 4th grade students of the Središ?e ob Dravi primary school. The program included 9 sessions, with parent involvement in homework each other week. T...

Kanic?, Silvia

2011-01-01

376

THE IMPACT OF DIVORCE ON SCHOOL PERFORMANCE OF CHILDREN  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the thesis, we present the descriptive method of different definitions of divorce, separation, divorce affects on child, and the impact of divorce on children and their school performance. We focuse on the child's experience of divorce, his response in primary and secondary education and his gender. Moreover, we also shed light on the consequences of divorce with regard to a child. When it comes to academic achievements and their factors, we focuse on the parents' involvement in their chil...

2014-01-01

377

Video games and problem solving effectiveness of primary school children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose is to find out whether video games can have positive effects on children and whether we can use those effects for educational purposes at school. The thesis contains theories of the leading authors of developmental psychology in the field of cognitive development as well as an insight into the processes of learning and using problem solving skills. In the second half of the theoretical part, the essential information on video games, their effects researched until now and the means...

Jakos?, Andrej

2012-01-01

378

Social inclusion of children with ADHD in primary school  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis deals with social inclusion of pupils with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in primary school, as most children with ADHD (52–82%) also have notable and hindering social difficulties, but the problems are usually not recognised appropriately. The quality of peer relationships and thus also social inclusion is largely bound to the effectiveness of pupils in making contact with their peers, which is reflected in the use of social skills (Košir Pe?jak 2002). Childr...

Remic, Erika

2012-01-01

379

DISTAL RADIAL EPIPHYSEAL FRACTURES IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Distal radial epiphyseal fractures represent about 6% of fracture in school aged children and happen mostly in boys. Several therapeutic solutions have been proposed; both conservative and surgical approaches showed good results. The aim of the present study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically patients affected by distal radial epiphyseal fractures treated with Kirschner wires and cast immobilization in order to verify its validity.

Giorgia Martina Costanzo

2007-01-01

380

GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES OF SCHOOL CHILDREN IN BENIN CITY, NIGERIA  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Examination of faecal samples of 6,430 school children aged between 2 and 20 years, for gastrointestinal parasites using sedimentation and Kato smear techniques was carried out in Benin City, Nigeria between January 1997 and December 1998. Four thousand two hundred and thirty six (65.8%) were infected. Three species of protozoa and 8 species of helminths were recorded as follows: Entamoeba histolytica (6%), Entomoeba coli (4.8%), Giardia lamblia (5.2%), Schistosoma mansoni (2.4%), Fasciola gi...

Ce, Okaka; Ao, Awharitoma; Jn, Okonji

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Children's Eating Behavior: The Importance of Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: To enhance the impact of school nutrition programs on children's health, more information is needed on the associations between healthy and unhealthy food offerings during school lunch periods and children's eating behavior. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the contributions of food offerings and participation in school lunch…

Bevans, Katherine B.; Sanchez, Betty; Teneralli, Rachel; Forrest, Christopher B.

2011-01-01

382

Dietary Diversity as a Correlate of Undernutrition among School-Age Children in Southwestern Nigeria  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose/Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the association between undernutrition and dietary diversity among school-age children in southwestern Nigeria. Methods: A total of 600 school children were randomly selected from six private and six public schools in the region. A standardized FAO-published 24-hour diet recall…

Olumakaiye, M. F.

2013-01-01

383

Helping School Districts Develop Programs for Fulfilling the Educational Needs of Homeless Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three objectives were developed to help school districts deliver effective educational services to homeless children at two suburban elementary schools in Pinellas County, Florida. The strategies included an individualized tutorial approach to increase daily school attendance among targeted homeless children, a teacher inservice training program…

Brown, Harry T., Jr.

384

Non-Overweight and Overweight Children's Physical Activity during School Recess  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Little research has investigated children's physical activity levels during school recess and the contribution of recess to school day physical activity levels by weight status. The aims of this study were to examine non-overweight and overweight children's physical activity levels during school recess, and examine the…

Ridgers, Nicola D.; Saint-Maurice, Pedro F.; Welk, Gregory J.; Siahpush, Mohammad; Huberty, Jennifer L.

2014-01-01

385

Can Alternative Education Increase Children's Early School Engagement? A Longitudinal Study from Kindergarten to Third Grade  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examines the impact of alternative education on children's early school engagement in terms of school enjoyment and independent participation. A sample of 2,776 children from traditional (e.g., mainstream) and alternative (Freinet and Waldorf) Flemish schools was followed from their 3rd year of kindergarten until 3rd grade. The…

de Bilde, Jerissa; Van Damme, Jan; Lamote, Carl; De Fraine, Bieke

2013-01-01

386

A National UK Census of Applied Behavior Analysis School Provision for Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

Over more than a decade, specialist Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) schools or classes for children with autism have developed in the UK and Ireland. However, very little is known internationally about how ABA is defined in practice in school settings, the characteristics of children supported in ABA school settings, and the staffing structures…

Griffith, G. M.; Fletcher, R.; Hastings, R. P.

2012-01-01

387

Childhood Fears, Neurobehavioral Functioning and Behavior Problems in School-Age Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective is to examine underlying associations between childhood fears, behavior problems and neurobehavioral functioning (NBF) in school-age children. Healthy, regular school children (N = 135), from second, fourth and sixth grade classes were assessed. Data regarding children's fears and behavioral problems were obtained with the Revised…

Kushnir, Jonathan; Sadeh, Avi

2010-01-01

388

Pre-school Children’s Food Habits and Meal Situation : Factors Influencing the Dietary Intake at Pre-school in a Swedish Municipality  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A pre-school-based dietary survey, using seven-day records, focus group interviews and semi-structured interviews, was carried out in a suburban area of Stockholm. The overall objective was to investigate the individual food and nutrient intake of pre-school children at all meals during the day, as well as factors that might influence children’s intake. The average energy and nutrient intake per day for the whole week was satisfactory for the 109 pre-school children, but the temporal distr...

Sepp, Hanna

2002-01-01

389

Analyses of body composition charts among younger and older Chinese children and adolescents aged 5 to 18 years  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Childhood obesity has become a major public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of age and sex on the relationship between fat-free mass (FFM and fat mass (FM, fat-free mass index (FFMI and fat mass index (FMI in Chinese children using body composition chart analysis, and to compare the changing pattern with Caucasian and Japanese counterparts. Methods A total of 1458 children (790 boys and 668 girls between 5 and 18 years of age were studied to determine a body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis. The relationship of FFM and FM, FFMI and FMI were delineated by body composition charts. Results Different changing patterns in body composition were observed during 5-11y (younger age group, and 12-18y (older age group, with non-significant sex difference with FM and FMI for the younger age group and significant sex and age differences for the older age group. For the younger age group, simultaneous increase of FFM and FM was found in both genders. However, for the older age group, the increase in weight and BMI with age is largely due to the increment of FFM and FFMI in boys, and of FM and FMI in girls. In addition, different changing patterns in body composition exist between Chinese children and their Caucasian and Japanese counterparts, largely due to the higher fat mass component in Chinese subjects. Conclusions Our results indicate that age- and gender-related changing patterns of body composition in Chinese children may differ at different growth stage, and differ with those in Caucasian and Japanese children at the same age period. Such changing patterns should be considered when designing the intervention proposal for childhood obesity in China.

Xiong Kai-Yu

2012-10-01

390

Air pollution and school absenteeism among children in Mexico City  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To determine the acute effects of ozone exposure, the authors conducted a short follow-up study of respiratory illness in a population of 111 preschool children frequently exposed to ozone levels that regularly exceed 0.120 parts per million (ppm). The children attended a private kindergarten in the southwestern part of Mexico City. Parents completed a questionnaire on demographic data, medical history, and potential sources of indoor air pollution. To determine the relation of ozone and respiratory-related school absenteeism, the authors used a logistic regression model for longitudinal data. During the 3-month follow-up, 50% of the children had at least one respiratory-related absenteeism period, and 11.7% had two or more. Children exposed for 2 consecutive days to high ozone levels (> or = 0.13 ppm) had a 20% increment in the risk of respiratory illness. For children exposed for 2 consecutive days to a high ozone level and the previous day to low temperature (< or = 5.1 degrees C), the risk reached 40% (odds ratio = 1.44, 95% confidence interval 1.37-1.52). This study suggests that ozone exposure might be positively associated with the risk of respiratory illness in children and that it may have an interactive effect with low temperature exposure.

Romieu, I.; Lugo, M.C.; Velasco, S.R.; Sanchez, S.; Meneses, F.; Hernandez, M. (Pan American Health Organization, Mexico City (Mexico))

1992-12-15

391

Factors associated with children being driven to school: implications for walk to school programs.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we examined factors associated with children being driven to school. Participants were 1603 students (aged 9-11 years) and their parents from 24 public primary schools in inner western Sydney, Australia. Students recorded their modes of travel to and from school for 5 days in a student survey. Parents recorded their demographic data, their attitudes to travel, and their modes of travel to work, using a self-administered survey. An analysis of the two linked data sets found that 41% of students travelled by car to or from school for more than 5 trips per week. Almost a third (32%) of students walked all the way. Only 1% of students rode a bike and 22% used more than one mode of travel. Of those who were driven, 29% lived less than 1 km and a further 18% lived between 1 and 1.5 km from school. Factors associated with car travel (after adjusting for other potential confounders) were mode of parents' travel to work, parent attitudes, number of cars in the household, and distance from home to school. To be effective, walk to school programs need to address the link between parent journey to work and student journey to school. PMID:17884835

Wen, Li Ming; Fry, Denise; Rissel, Chris; Dirkis, Helen; Balafas, Angela; Merom, Dafna

2008-04-01

392

Chinese Children’s Literature in the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In China’s Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), childhood was portrayed as a battlefield in which opposing classes strived to fulfil the political impetus of training their heirs. In order to represent the new socialist morality, the few stories produced for children had to shift their focus to the space of the adult world, where there were more activities of “revolution” and “class struggle”. Consequently in these stories, the child protagonists talked and behaved like adult polit...

Bi, Lijun

2013-01-01

393

Health status of working children in Jordan: Comparison between working and nonworking children at schools and industrial sites  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to explore the psychosocial and physical health impact of child labor and in Jordan and compare between working and nonworking children at schools and industrial sites. Methods: A sample of 4008 children at schools and industrial sites answered the self-report questionnaires that include physical and psychosocial health concerns, health screening survey, anger expression ...

Hamdan-mansour, Ayman M.; Ekhlas Al-Gamal; Sultan, Mai K.; Reema Matrouk; Maram Al Nawaiseh

2013-01-01

394

Prevalence of Various Dermatoses in School Children of Anand District  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Skin diseases are common in children. School survey is a useful yardstick as it is easy to conduct, less time consuming and large number of children of particular age group can be screened for presence of diseases. Method: This study was conducted in 48 schools (32 urban and semi urban schools,16 rural school of Anand district over a period of 5 years from Jan 2006 to Dec 2010. Total 26177 students comprising 15248 male and 10929 female from KG to 12th standard were examined. Result: Out of 26,177 students, 15.41 %( 4035 students were found to have skin disorders. Out of this, 18.14% (732 had infectious dermatoses, 79.60% (3212 had non-infectious dermatoses and 2.26%(91 had nutritional dermatoses. Discussion: The prevalence of skin disease (15.41% reported in our study is quite less than other studies. Infectious disease showed low incidence compared to other studies due to proper hygienic condition.

Rita Vora, Nishit Bodiwala, Shivang Patel

2012-01-01

395

Gas cooking and reduced lung function in school children  

Science.gov (United States)

RationaleOutdoor nitrogen dioxide (NO 2) is associated with reduced respiratory health. This could be due to a unique biological effect of this gaseous pollutant or because it serves as a surrogate of fine particles from incineration sources. Cooking with gas in small kitchens produces high concentrations of gaseous irritants (mainly nitrogen dioxide), but not fine particles. ObjectivesTo study the relative impact of cooking with gas on lung function parameters in a cross sectional study of school children. MethodsNearly all elementary school children (2898 children aged 6-10 years) living in the city of Linz (capital of Upper Austria) underwent lung function testing. In a questionnaire administered simultaneously to their parents, information on household conditions including cooking and tobacco smoke exposure was collected. Impact of cooking with gas on lung function controlling for various confounders was analyzed using loglinear multiple regression. ResultsGas cooking reduced lung function parameters ranging from 1.1% (not significant) for MEF 25 up to 3.4% ( p=0.01) for peak expiratory flow (PEF). ConclusionsGas stoves can have an adverse impact on children's respiratory health. Parents and caretakers should be advised to insure good ventilation while and after cooking, especially in small and poorly ventilated rooms. This study adds to the growing evidence that gaseous pollutants from incineration sources affect respiratory health directly.

Moshammer, Hanns; Hutter, Hans-Peter; Neuberger, Manfred

396

Dental fluorosis severity in a group of school children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction and objective: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis in a group of school children in the city of Campo do Tenente (Parana, Brazil in order to compare the mean fluoride concentration in public water supply and discuss the effective values for fluoridation of water supply, as well as, the need of control of fluoride concentration within the water consumed by population. Material and methods: Firstly, 362 children enrolled in regular public schools, at elementary level, were examined by a single researcher, previously calibrated for Dean’s index application. From these, 90 children were affected by some degree of fluorosis, but only 40 returned the signed free and clarified consent form for participating in the research. Results: It was found that 42.5% of the children presented mild fluorosis and 32.5% moderate fluorosis. Moreover, it was observed that the average fluoride concentration in public water supply, in 2004, was 1.7 ppm of fluoride. Conclusion: These results demonstrate the need of a closer supervision of the city situation, by the inclusion of fluoridation external control and constant monitoring of the oral health status of the population.

Susy Yukie Fujibayashi

2011-04-01

397

The Everyday Practice of School Bullying : Children's participation in peer group activities and school-based anti-bullying initiatives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis explores the everyday practice of school bullying by examining children's participation in peer group activities as well as in school-based anti-bullying activities within an educational setting. The empirical material is drawn from a long-term (1 year) ethnographic study conducted among preadolescent children in a 5th grade class in a Swedish elementary school. An ethnomethodological approach is used in analysis of ethnographically based fieldnotes, and in detailed analysis of vi...

2012-01-01

398

Cognitive functioning of educationaly deprived pre-school children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research has included 96 Roma elementary-school pupils from the first grade, 7 years and 6 months old on average, and 78 pre-school children, (6 years and 1 month old on average, out of which number there were 37 Roma pupils and 41 non-Roma pupils. The cognitive functioning has been tested with a battery consisted of 5 tests, which was based on the (adapted Wechsler’s scales and the linguistic competence test. The results have shown a significant lagging of Roma children behind the control group and test norms. The Analyses of Covariance have pointed to a significant influence of the father’s educational background on the test score, but the difference between groups remained notable even when that variable was kept under control. However, the Item Analyses revealed a number of items that turned out to be evidently "unfair" toward Roma children, and their elimination contributed to the annulling of differences among groups in the Analyses of Covariance for a particular number of tests. The data has been interpreted by the authors as a proof of necessity and possibility to adapt tests for the needs of testing the educationally neglected children. The fact that the greatest differences have been noticed in the tests saturated with the factors of visual-motor coordination and memory has been justified by the authors with the Roma children’s lack of experience of manipulation with toys and possible attention deficit as a consequence of absence of stimulative environment.

Biro Mikloš

2006-01-01

399

Modern diagnostic method of microelementosis of school age children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Human and animal pathology stipulated by deficiency of vitally important (or 'essential') microelements or their excess, has got its combined name microelementosis [1]. In connection with high biological activity of microelements in organism in different physiologic and pathologic status the quantitative determination of several metals in biomedium of organism is of great importance in the study of microelement metabolism. However, objective and representative data on estimation of school children's provision with microelements are practically absent. The objective of the study was to investigate contents of microelements connected with deficiency of biometals participating in hemopoiesis (Cu, Zn, Co, Mn) in biomedium of the organism of school children in Zarafshan region of the Republic of Uzbekistan. We have applied the method of neutron-activation analysis for determination of microelements (Fe, Zn, Cu, Co, Mn) in hair, whole blood, blood serum, urine, saliva, food-stuff samples and in more than 20 elements of other biomedia, as per designed method in Nuclear Physics Institute, Republic of Uzbekistan [4]. The study was carried out on 245 practically healthy children aged 7-17, 131 boys and 33 girls living in four different areas of Samarkand region. According to the designed method the determination of Mn, Cu was done as follows: samples together with standards were packed in polyethylene container and underwent irradiation in vertical channel of the reactor by neutron flow 5x1013 neutron cm-2 sec-1, (for 15 seconds). The measurement of direct activity was conducted in 2 hours for determining of Cu and Mn. For determining of iron, cobalt, zinc the irradiation test measurement was done within 15 hours one month after irradiation by the corresponding radionuclides. In all measurement of element contents different standards were applied: Intralaboratory data was received by fixing a certain number of elements on ashless filter paper and comparison standard sample IAEA NN and NN-1 (hair homogenate) as well as comparative method. Accuracy of analysis results of the applied method made up from 7 to 30% depended on concentration and nuclear-physical characteristics. Results and Discussion: Obtained results showed that microelemental contents in hairs and other liquids in children of school age somehow differed from that of in adults. So, contents of iron in children's hair are significantly higher (three times - 81.38±8.55 mkg/g). In erythrocytes of 22 examined sound children the contents of the iron equaled to 2964±52 mg/l, in saliva - 584 351.7 mg/l. In the study of Zn contents in blood of healthy children it was equal to 59 mkg/g, in formed elements of blood it was equal to 32.3 mkg/g which was much less than similar index in adults [3]. According to our data the contents of Zn in blood made up 39.25±4.30 mkg/g which was significantly low compared with similar index in adults (according to V.V.Nasolodin, 1987 the contents of zinc in plasma varies from 86 to 106 mkg/g). In 20 examined children the contents of Zn in erythrocytes equaled to 32.3±1.5 mkg/g. The contents of Zn in saliva of sound children of school age was 518.0±54.17 mkg/g and in urine 386±18.24 mkg/g. In practically sound school children of Zarafshan valley the contents of Zn in hair made up 182.9±6.6 mkg/g. It was established that the contents of Zn in sound school children of Zarafshan valley is in middle position amongst similar data referred in scientific articles [2]. The contents of Cu in hairs of practically sound school children in Zarafshan valley was 9.24±0.84 mkg/g which was low (two times) compared with adults. We found out that the contents of Cu in hairs of healthy school children in Zarafshan valley was lower compared with the data presented by other authors [2] and other regions respectively. A low content of Cu in hairs probably depends on the food-stuff ingredients and peculiarities of the natural condition in biogeochemical area. The obtained results have shown that practically sound school children in Zarafshan valley th

2006-09-01

400

Including Local Priorities To Assess School Quality: The Case of Save the Children Community Schools in Mali.  

Science.gov (United States)

Supported by Save the Children, the Mali Community School project helped fund school construction in previously unserved villages and accommodated community priorities: instruction in Bambara rather than French, integration of local knowledge into traditional subject areas, and school schedules adapted to agricultural needs. Project evaluation…

Muskin, Joshua A.

1999-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Asthma Hospitalization Rates among Children, and School Building Conditions, by New York State School Districts, 1991-2001  

Science.gov (United States)

School-age children spend a significant portion of their day at school where they can be exposed to asthma triggers, but little information exists regarding potential relationships between childhood asthma and school environmental factors. This study examined patterns of asthma hospitalization and possible factors contributing to asthma…

Belanger, Erin; Kielb, Christine; Lin, Shao

2006-01-01

402

From Margins to Mainstream: Private School Outreach Inclusion Processes for Out-of-School Children in India  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper centres upon understanding processes involved in mainstreaming 'out-of-school' children from non-formal education programmes to formal schooling. Three 'private school outreach' initiatives in India provide the empirical base for the discussion, with the focal point being a key dilemma faced by their managements: between providing…

Ashley, L.D.

2005-01-01

403

Academic Activities after School That Help Secondary School Children’s Cognitive Development through Hermeneutic Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research is an effort to look into academic activities after school that help secondary school students in cognition development through Hermeneutic analyse for students of Pantai Remis Secondary School, Perak. This research is also to show that Hermeneutic understanding method can be applied effectively to identify academic activities after school that help secondary school students in their cognition development. This research involved 20 secondary school students from Form 1 to Form 3. They were asked to write a reflective essay about academic activities that they did after school hours. Their reflective essays were made a research text that will be using Hermeneutic analyse to find out academic activities that help their cognition development. This research shows that if a student can do positive activities after school such as doing revision, going for tuition, attending classes, doing homework, studying at home, doing module paper, involving school work, carrying out exercises, attending extra classes, involving in ritual study, going to class and attending study with teacher, involving in preparation class, doing mathematic exercises, reading, doing notes, going to library to study, reading geography, reading notes from internet, watching Astro channel that shows education programmes and reading books, thus they can help their cognition development and become excellent students in academic.

Suppiah Nachiappan

2012-09-01

404

Is the Earth Flat or Round? Primary School Children’s Understandings of the Planet Earth: The Case of Turkish Children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to explore primary school children’s understandings about the shape of the Earth. The sample is consisted of 124 first-graders from five primary schools located in an urbancity of Turkey. The data of the study were collected through children’s drawings and semi-structured interviews. Results obtained from the drawings showed that only one third of the participants havedrawn scientifically acceptable images of the earth. However, the subsequent semi-structured ...

2012-01-01

405

Factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aims of this study were to examine the factor structure, internal consistency, 1-month test-retest reliability, and congruent validity of the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire (C-SBEQ). Study 1, in which 5751 Taiwanese adolescents in Southern Taiwan participated, examined the adequacy of the original four-factor structure of the C-SBEQ using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and internal-consistency reliability using Cronbach ?. Study 2, in which 108 adolescents in Southern Taiwan participated, examined the 1-month test-retest reliability using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). We examined the congruent validity of the C-SBEQ by examining the consistency between self-reported and teacher- and classmate-nominated experiences of bullying involvement in Study 2. The results of CFA supported the four-factor structure of the C-SBEQ in Taiwanese adolescents. The test-retest and internal reliability values of all subscales of the C-SBEQ were at acceptable to satisfactory levels. Nominated adolescents had significantly higher self-reported scores on three C-SBEQ subscales than non-nominated ones, and the levels of agreement between self-reported and nominated victims were moderate. The results of this study indicate that the C-SBEQ is appropriate for assessing bullying experiences in Taiwanese adolescents. PMID:22974670

Yen, Cheng-Fang; Kim, Young-Shin; Tang, Tze-Chun; Wu, Yu-Yu; Cheng, Chung-Ping

2012-09-01

406

Imageability predicts the age of acquisition of verbs in Chinese children*  

Science.gov (United States)

Verbs are harder to learn than nouns in English and in many other languages, but are relatively easy to learn in Chinese. This paper evaluates one potential explanation for these findings by examining the construct of imageability, or the ability of a word to produce a mental image. Chinese adults rated the imageability of Chinese words from the Chinese Communicative Development Inventory (Tardif et al., in press). Imageability ratings were a reliable predictor of age of acquisition in Chinese for both nouns and verbs. Furthermore, whereas early Chinese and English nouns do not differ in imageability, verbs receive higher imageability ratings in Chinese than in English. Compared with input frequency, imageability independently accounts for a portion of the variance in age of acquisition (AoA) of verb learning in Chinese and English.

Ma, Weiyi; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy; McDonough, Colleen; Tardif, Twila

2010-01-01

407

Imageability predicts the age of acquisition of verbs in Chinese children*  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Verbs are harder to learn than nouns in English and in many other languages, but are relatively easy to learn in Chinese. This paper evaluates one potential explanation for these findings by examining the construct of imageability, or the ability of a word to produce a mental image. Chinese adults rated the imageability of Chinese words from the Chinese Communicative Development Inventory (Tardif et al., in press). Imageability ratings were a reliable predictor of age of acquisition in Chines...

Ma, Weiyi; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Hirsh-pasek, Kathy; Mcdonough, Colleen; Tardif, Twila

2009-01-01

408

Imageability Predicts the Age of Acquisition of Verbs in Chinese Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Verbs are harder to learn than nouns in English and in many other languages, but are relatively easy to learn in Chinese. This paper evaluates one potential explanation for these findings by examining the construct of imageability, or the ability of a word to produce a mental image. Chinese adults rated the imageability of Chinese words from the…

Ma, Weiyi; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy; McDonough, Colleen; Tardif, Twila

2009-01-01

409

Social software supported children's education out of school: informality and transition of learning  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis is motivated to harness UK children’s enthusiasm and energy on using social software to connect with each other. The overarching research aim of this thesis is to investigate how social software can cultivate children aged 11 – 14 as a community of learners out of school, in order to support their education. Two key issues: informality of out-of-school learning and transitions of learning practices across home and school, are identified as research challenges. Community of Pra...

Yang, Yang

2011-01-01

410

Nutritional Status of Newly Enrolled Primary School Children in Jos-Plateau, Nigeria  

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Nutritional assessment of newly enrolled school children is needful to identify children with poor nutritional status. Poor nutrition as evidenced by poor growth and small stature could affect development, intellectual performance and intellectual achievement. Poor nutrition in school aged children is also likely to negatively affect their participation in normal school activities. Seven hundred and sixty four apparently healthy newly enrolled pupils were randomly selected using a multi stage...

2010-01-01

411

Prevalence of Stunting, Underweight and Obesity in School Aged Children in Uyo, Nigeria  

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There is a paucity of data on the prevalence and trends of the risk factors associated with diet related chronic diseases in school-aged children in Nigeria. Using international reference standards, we determined the prevalence of underweight, stunting and obesity in school aged children in both privately owned and public schools in a fast growing state capital in the South-south region of Nigeria in a cross sectional prevalence survey. The height and weight measurements of 985 children aged ...

Opara, D. C.; Ikpeme, E. E.; Ekanem, U. S.

2010-01-01

412

Ready or Not: Predicting High and Low School Readiness Among Teen Parents’ Children*  

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Past research has documented compromised development for teenage mothers’ children compared to others, but less is known about predictors of school readiness among these children or among teenage fathers’ children. Our multidimensional measures of high and low school readiness incorporated math, reading, and behavior scores and parent-reported health. Using parent interviews and direct assessments from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, we predicted high and low school r...

Mollborn, Stefanie; Dennis, Jeff A.

2012-01-01

413

Effects of a 12-week, school-based obesity management program on obese primary school children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose:This study was designed to determine the effects of a school-based obesity-management program on obese primary school children. Methods:A total of 995 children (6&#8211;12 years old in a primary school were screened in March 2008, and of those, 101 obese students (44 boys and 57 girls, body mass index (BMI ?#249;5 percentile were enrolled for a study group. The school- based, obesity management program, which includes physical exercise and nutritional education, was conducted as part of an extracurricular program for 12 weeks. The measurement of height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure (BP, and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA was performed before and after the program. Results:Height and weight increased significantly (P&lt;0.05. The BMI and obesity index decreased significantly (P&lt;0.01. Systolic and diastolic BP decreased significantly (P&lt;0.01. BMI decreased in 61.4% of boys and 66.7% of girls. Protein and basal metabolic rate (BMR increased significantly on the BIA (P&lt;0.01. Fat decreased significantly (P&lt;0.05. The total body water (TBW and percent body fat (PBF decreased significantly (P&lt;0.01. The changes in protein, fat, TBW, PBF, and BMR significantly correlated to the change in BMI (P&lt;0.05. In a multiple logistic regression analysis, BMI change was significantly correlated to the changes in protein and fat content (P&lt;0.01. Conclusion:The school-based obesity management program is a very effective way to manage obesity for obese primary school children.

Han Gyu Kim

2010-03-01

414

Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms of Chinese Rural Children and Adolescents Surviving the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake Assessed Using CRIES  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Posttraumatic stress symptoms in Chinese rural children and adolescents were examined after the May 12 Wenchuan earthquake. Analysis showed that three factors were identified, namely, avoidance, intrusion and arousal, resembling those in the studies with Western samples. Gender difference on the posttraumatic stress symptoms was not significant. Moderate negative correlation coefficients between posttraumatic stress symptoms scores and mental health scores were found, indicating that the severer the posttraumatic stress symptoms were, the worse the mental health was.

Tao, Ting; Duan, Xiaoju

2014-01-01

415

Making The socialization process for pre-school children effective using the art activity  

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The aim of the work – to examine internals of the efficiency using the art activity for socialization process for pre-school children. 114 pedagogues and 131 parents of Kaunas city pre-school institutions took part in this poll.

2006-01-01

416

Late Immersion and Language of Instruction (English vs. Chinese) in Hong Kong High Schools: Achievement Growth in Language and Nonlanguage Subjects.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines how instruction in the first language (L1), Chinese, and in the second language (L2), English, affects a large sample of students' academic achievement in L1, L2, and content, nonlanguage school subjects, including mathematics, science, geography, and history, in their first 3 years of high school. For all four content area…

Hau, Kit-Tai; Marsh, Herbert W.; Kong, Chit-Kwong; Poon, Andrew Chung-Shing

417

Asymptomatic Giardiasis in school children in Rey city  

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Full Text Available This cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken to know the rate of intestinal parasites infestations in our school children population. A sum of 1155 fecal samples were analyzed from an equal number of children whose age were between 6-11 years old. The percentage of infestations were: Giardia lamblia (14.11%, hymenolepis nana (1.21%, ascaris lumbricoides (0.08% and enterobius vermicularis (0.08%. We found no differences with regard to sex, age, father and mother levels of education, family size, body mass index (BMI and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ER between the stools positive and the stools negative cases. Nearly all cases of giardiasis (99.4% were symptomatic. Eosinophilia was seen in (5.5% of the infested children with giardiasis and in (0.5% of the non-infested children, the difference was statistically non-significant (P=0.056. All cases of giardiasis (N=163 were treated with metronidazole 15 mg/kg/day in 3 divided doses for 7 days. Metronidazole was effective in (92.2% of the treated children

Rafiei M

2000-06-01

418

Dynamic Assessment of School-Age Children's Narrative Ability  

Science.gov (United States)

Two experiments examined reliability and classification accuracy of a narration-based dynamic assessment task. Purpose The first experiment evaluated whether parallel results were obtained from stories created in response to 2 different wordless picture books. If so, the tasks and measures would be appropriate for assessing pretest and posttest change within a dynamic assessment format. The second experiment evaluated the extent to which children with language impairments performed differently than typically developing controls on dynamic assessment of narrative language. Method In the first experiment, 58 1st- and 2nd-grade children told 2 stories about wordless picture books. Stories were rated on macrostructural and microstructural aspects of language form and content, and the ratings were subjected to reliability analyses. In the second experiment, 71 children participated in dynamic assessment. There were 3 phases: a pretest phase, in which children created a story that corresponded to 1 of the wordless picture books from Experiment 1; a teaching phase, in which children attended 2 short mediation sessions that focused on storytelling ability; and a posttest phase, in which children created a story that corresponded to a second wordless picture book from Experiment 1. Analyses compared the pretest and posttest stories that were told by 2 groups of children who received mediated learning (typical and language impaired groups) and a no-treatment control group of typically developing children from Experiment 1. Results The results of the first experiment indicated that the narrative measures applied to stories about 2 different wordless picture books had good internal consistency. In Experiment 2, typically developing children who received mediated learning demonstrated a greater amount of pretest to posttest change than children in the language impaired and control groups. Classification analysis indicated better specificity and sensitivity values for measures of response to intervention (modifiability) and posttest storytelling than for measures of pretest storytelling. Observation of modifiability was the single best indicator of language impairment. Posttest measures and modifiability together yielded no misclassifications. Conclusion The first experiment supported the use of 2 wordless picture books as stimulus materials for collecting narratives before and after mediation within a dynamic assessment paradigm. The second experiment supported the use of dynamic assessment for accurately identifying language impairments in school-age children.

Pena, Elizabeth D.; Gillam, Ronald B.; Malek, Melynn; Ruiz-Felter, Roxanna; Resendiz, Maria; Fiestas, Christine; Sabel, Tracy

2008-01-01

419

Schooling Poor Minority Children: New Segregation in the Post-"Brown" Era  

Science.gov (United States)

"Schooling Poor Minority Children: New Segregation in the Post-Brown Era" explores the "redesign of school segregation" and explains why resegregation of schools in the post-"Brown" era is so destructive for poor minority students. The book provides an answer to why schools that serve predominately poor minority students remain "low performing" or…

Bireda, Martha R.

2011-01-01

420

Homelessness Comes to School: How Homeless Children and Youths Can Succeed  

Science.gov (United States)

Homelessness is a complex and layered phenomenon, but schools can be effective in reducing its educational consequences. Schools currently are not doing enough. The next step is to consider the services that are needed for students as they arrive on the school campus. Taking care of homeless children in school systems involves seven provisos:…

Murphy, Joseph F.; Tobin, Kerri J.

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
421

Family–school connections and internalizing problems among children living with asthma in urban, low-income neighborhoods  

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Children with asthma living in urban environments are at risk for experiencing internalizing problems and difficulties at school due to social context and health-related stressors. Parent confidence and participation in the school and children’s attitudes about school were explored in association with children’s depressed mood and school anxiety. Forty-five parent–child dyads were recruited from urban community health centers. most participants were members of ethnic minority groups. Hi...

2009-01-01

422

A chinese mind-body exercise improves self-control of children with autism: a randomized controlled trial.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-control problems commonly manifest as temper outbursts and repetitive/rigid/impulsive behaviors, in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), which often contributes to learning difficulties and caregiver burden. The present study aims to compare the effect of a traditional Chinese Chan-based mind-body exercise, Nei Yang Gong, with that of the conventional Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) technique in enhancing the self-control of children with ASD. Forty-six age- and IQ-matched ASD children were randomly assigned to receive group training in Nei Yang Gong (experimental group) or PMR (control group) twice per week for four weeks. The participants' self-control was measured by three neuropsychological tests and parental rating on standardized questionnaires, and the underlying neural mechanism was assessed by the participants' brain EEG activity during an inhibitory-control task before and after intervention. The results show that the experimental group demonstrated significantly greater improvement in self-control than the control group, which concurs with the parental reports of reduced autistic symptoms and increased control of temper and behaviors. In addition, the experimental group showed enhanced EEG activity in the anterior cingulate cortex, a region that mediates self-control, whereas the PMR group did not. The present findings support the potential application of Chinese Chan-based mind-body exercises as a form of neuropsychological rehabilitation for patients with self-control problems. Chinese Clinical Trial Registry; Registration No.: ChiCTR-TRC-12002561; URL: www.chictr.org. PMID:23874533

Chan, Agnes S; Sze, Sophia L; Siu, Nicolson Y; Lau, Eliza M; Cheung, Mei-Chun

2013-01-01

423

Biochemical Risk Factors for Stone Formation in Healthy School Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Prevalence of urolithiasis in childhood is increasing. The wide geographic variation in the incidence of lithiasis in childhood is related to climatic, dietary, and socioeconomic factors. Many children with stone disease have a metabolic abnormality. In Southeast Asia, urinary calculi are endemic and are related to dietary factors. The main aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of renal stone, urine metabolic abnormality, control of blood pressure and demographic character in elementary school children of Qom. A cross sectional study was performed on 110 primary school children (56 girls and 54 boys aged 7 to 11 years old. Demographic data such as age, height, weight were gathered, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure, Urine analysis and culture, urinary levels of calcium, creatinine, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, uric acid, cystine, citrate, oxalate, protein and sonographic findings were evaluated. The mean (±SD of age was 8.85?1.51 years. Only one child had renal stone (1%, but the prevalence of abnormal renal sonography was 7%. The most prevalent urine metabolic abnormalities were hypercalciuria (23% and hypocitraturia (100%. 11.2% of children had positive urine culture that all were female. The prevalence of high blood pressure was 7.1% for girls and 11.1% for boys. The prevalence of renal stone in children in this study was 1%, which means the accurate judgment about the prevalence of renal stone in Qom city needs more comprehensive studies. Similar to other studies in Iran this study shows that the prevalence of hypercalciuria is significantly higher comparing to other countries, it may be associated with excessive intake of sodium.

Maasumeh Mohkam

2012-12-01

424

Sleep Patterns of School-Age Children with Asperger Syndrome or High-Functioning Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

Sleep patterns of 32 school-age children with Asperger syndrome (AS) and high-functioning autism (HFA) were compared to those of 32 typically developing age- and gender-matched children, using parent survey and one week of diary and actigraphic monitoring. Parents of children with AS/HFA more commonly reported that their children had difficulty…

Allik, Hiie; Larsson, Jan-Olov; Smedje, Hans

2006-01-01

425

Speaking Rate Characteristics of Elementary-School-Aged Children Who Do and Do Not Stutter  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: To compare articulation and speech rates of school-aged children who do and do not stutter across sentence priming, structured conversation, and narration tasks and to determine factors that predict children's speech and articulation rates. Method: 34 children who stutter (CWS) and 34 age- and gender-matched children who do not stutter…

Logan, Kenneth J.; Byrd, Courtney T.; Mazzocchi, Elizabeth M.; Gillam, Ronald B.

2011-01-01

426

The role of anxiety symptoms in school performance in a community sample of children and adolescents  

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Abstract Background Anxiety symptoms are relatively common among children and adolescents and can interfere with functioning. The prevalence of anxiety and the relationship between anxiety and school performance were examined among elementary, middle, and high school students. Methods Samples of elementary (N = 131, age 8–10 years), middle (N = 267, age 11–13 years), and high school (N = 80, age 14–16 years) children were recruited from four public schools...

Mazzone Luigi; Ducci Francesca; Scoto Maria Cristina; Passaniti Eleonora; Arrigo Valentina, D.; Vitiello Benedetto

2007-01-01

427

Competing food messages and its appropriation by children at schools and its surroundings  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

School menus represent a rational approach to eating, following nutritional expertise and food safety standards, but children are exposed to food offers that compete with the school menus. In this paper we intend to understand how competing and contradictory rationalities related to food are expressed in concrete visual sights and representations of food, made available to children in school canteens and food shops in the surroundings of schools, and appropriated by them. The empirical dat...

Horta, Ana; Alexandre, Si?lvia; Truninger, Mo?nica; Teixeira, Jose?; Aparecida, Vanda

2012-01-01

428

Body mass index and health related quality of life in elementary school children: a pilot study  

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Abstract Background We investigated the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) indicated by baseline health status in elementary school children. Methods Data were obtained via parents whose children enrolled in an elementary school, kindergarten to fourth grade, in southern Mississippi in spring 2004. Parents completed the SF-10 for Children™, a brief 10-item questionnaire designed to measure children's ...

2008-01-01

429

Effects of periodical publications of the socialization of pre-school age children  

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The paper analyzed the effects of periodical publications in preschool children's socialization. Goal of study – theoretical and empirical base of socialization effects of magazines for pre-school children. Hypothesis: periodicals affect preschool children's socialization. Tasks of the study: To analyze the scientific literature on media effects on preschool children's socialization. To assess the demand for various periodicals in the pre-school age groups. To find the opinion of teachers o...

2010-01-01

430

Rumination syndrome in children and adolescents: a school survey assessing prevalence and symptomatology  

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Abstract Background Rumination syndrome (RS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGD) increasingly recognized in children and adolescents. The epidemiology of this condition in school aged children is poorly understood. The main objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of rumination and other related associations in a cohort of Sri Lankan children. Methods Children aged 10-16?years were randomly selected from 8 schools in 4 provinces in Sri ...

Rajindrajith Shaman; Devanarayana Niranga; Crispus Perera Bonaventure

2012-01-01

431

English as a Third Language - The teaching of English to bilingual children in Danish primary schools  

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In this report I wish to investigate whether or not bilingual children in Denmark are faced with specific challenges in the Danish primary school when learning English as a third language. My focus is bilingual children whose parents primarily speak a different mother tongue than Danish, which means that the children have learned Danish in institutional settings such as kindergarten and school. I am interested in looking into what specific challenges these children and especially their teache...

Hodal, Trine

2005-01-01

432

Scoliosis in school children aged from 7 to 8 and conditions in primary and secondary schools in Kragujevac  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction. Scoliosis, a lateral curvature of the spine, is the most frequent deformity of the spinal column. It is additionally aggravated by the inadequate environmental conditions in schools, such as unadjusted furniture, teaching aids and most of all, school bag and bad lighting. Material and methods. This investigation was carried out during the years 2005 and 2006 on the territory of the city of Kragujevac and included school children attending 22 primary and 8 secondary schools, whos...

?onovi? Nela; Mili? ?aslav; Koci? Sanja; Radovanovi? Snežana

2009-01-01

433

Immigrant and Native Children's Cognitive Outcomes and the Effect of Ethnic Concentration in Danish Schools  

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This paper uses a unique and very rich PISA dataset from Denmark to investigate how the ethnic concentration in the school in.uences cognitive out-comes for both immigrant and native Danish children. We .nd that immigrant children from non-Western countries have lower reading test scores than native Danish children, and that children in schools with a high ethnic concentration score signi.cantly lower in the reading test than children in schools with a low ethnic concentration. These results ...

Jensen, Peter; Wurtz Rasmussen, Astrid

2008-01-01

434

More schooling, more children: Compulsory schooling reforms and fertility in Europe  

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We study the relationship between education and fertility, exploiting compulsory schooling reforms in Europe as source of exogenous variation in education. Using data from 8 European countries, we assess the causal effect of education on the number of biological kids and the incidence of childlessness. We find that more education causes a substantial decrease in childlessness and an increase in the average number of children per woman. Our findings are robust to a number of falsification chec...

Fort, Margherita; Schneeweis, Nicole; Winter-ebmer, Rudolf

2011-01-01

435

More Schooling, More Children: Compulsory Schooling Reforms and Fertility in Europe  

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We study the relationship between education and fertility, exploiting compulsory schooling reforms in Europe as source of exogenous variation in education. Using data from 8 European countries, we assess the causal effect of education on the number of biological kids and the incidence of childlessness. We find that more education causes a substantial decrease in childlessness and an increase in the average number of children per woman. Our findings are robust to a number of falsification chec...

Fort, Margherita; Schneeweis, Nichole; Winter-ebmer, Rudolf

2011-01-01

436

Scoliosis in school children aged from 7 to 8 and conditions in primary and secondary schools in Kragujevac  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Scoliosis, a lateral curvature of the spine, is the most frequent deformity of the spinal column. It is additionally aggravated by the inadequate environmental conditions in schools, such as unadjusted furniture, teaching aids and most of all, school bag and bad lighting. Material and methods. This investigation was carried out during the years 2005 and 2006 on the territory of the city of Kragujevac and included school children attending 22 primary and 8 secondary schools, whose medical records were obtained from school children health centres, the counseling centre for scoliosis at the Orthopedic Department of the Hospital in Kragujevac and the Institute of Public Health in Kragujevac. Results. The statistical analysis of these data showed that a significantly higher number of children with scoliosis was detected in 2005, being ?²=11.6, p<0.01 for primary schools. Scoliosis was more frequent in girls than in boys: in 2005 it was ?²=10.54, p<0.01 and in 2006 ?²=10.72, p<0.01 in primary schools, whereas no difference was found in secondary schools in 2005 -c2=4.14, p>0.05, but in 2006 scoliosis was more frequent in girls ?²=49.51, p<0.01. Conclusion. Scoliosis is extremely important in both primary and secondary schools and therefore, it is necessary to intensify preventive systematic examinations of school children.

?onovi? Nela

2009-01-01

437

Anthropometry and body composition of school children in Bahrain  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was conducted because of the lack of a comprehensive nationwide assessment of data on the anthropometric status and related health problems in Bahraini school children aged 6 to 18 years. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on the anthropometric status of school children enrolled in the primary, intermediate and secondary government schools in all populated regions of Bahrain. The sample size included 2594 students (1326 girls and 1268 boys) representing 2.5% of the total student population. For sample selection, a multi-stage sampling design was chosen that combined multi-cluster and simple random sampling methods. Anthropometric measurements included height, weight, mid-arm circumference and skin fold thickness at two sites (triceps and subscapular). Anthropometric indices derived were body mass index (BMI) and arm muscle area. The WHO reference standards (2007) and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2 data were used for comparison. Compared to WHO reference standards, the median height of Bahraini children and adolescents in the age range of 6 to 18 years was close to the 25th percentile or lower, while the median BMI during adolescent years was comparable in boys, but higher than WHO standards in girls, reaching the 75th percentile. The cutoff values of BMI for overweight/obesity status (85th and 95th percentile) were higher by 3-6 kg/m2 compared to WHO standards. While skin fold thicknesses were also higher in Bahraini adolescents compared to their American counterparts (NHANES 2), arm muscularity was substantially lower. Current study findings for BMI as well as skin fold thicknesses suggest an increased trend toward adiposity among Bahraini adolescents, especially in girls, which puts this age group at a high risk of adult obesity and its consequences. A need for urgent intervention program is emphasized. (author)

2009-01-01

438

NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN BLIND CHILDREN: ISFAHAN ABABASIR BOARDING SCHOOL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Inadequate dietary intake causes malnutrition associated with poor physical and mental development, specially in children. This study evaluated the nutritional status in blind children in Ababasir Boarding Center (a boarding school in Isfahan city. Methods: A 72 hours food regimen survey was measured in 50 subjects (boys and girls by weighting method. The anthropometric data was collected to compare with NCHS normal data. Results: Energy intake was less than 75 percent RDA in all the subjects and the amounts of animal protein intake was also little. Chronic malnutrition was more prevalent. Discussion: Althought the energy intake was lower than RDA, but it did not cause under weight among them probably because of reduced physical activity due to their disability and inadequate high quality protein and other nutrients probably could be the major cause in chronic malnutrition.

M RAJAI

2001-06-01

439

Prevalence of Dental Fluorosis in School Children of Jodhpur City  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aims and objectives: The present study was carried out to know the prevalence of dental fluorosis and the relation of dental fluorosis at varying degree of fluoride concentration in drinking water among the study subjects. Methodology: The study population was selected by stratified cluster random sampling methodology. A total of 1810 school children were screened for dental fluorosis. Data was entered into computer and analyzed using (SPSS 11.5 version. Chi square test was used for comparison of fluorosis and various levels of fluoride concentration in drinking water. Results: It was observed that number of children affected with dental fluorosis increases with the increase in level of concentration of fluoride in drinking water. The results of the study indicated that dental fluorosis exists irrespective of levels of fluoride concentration in drinking water.

Jitender Solanki

2011-10-01

440

The Eraser Challenge Among School-age Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Skin-related, self-destructive behaviors are being increasingly reported among school-age children. Often disguised as innocuous "challenges," these disturbing actions may have the potential for serious and permanent sequelae. Interest and subsequent participation in these behaviors may also be spread "virally," facilitated by social networking sites that allow participants-regardless of age-to share photographs or videos of the activities in question. Consequently, parents and health care providers must learn to recognize signs and symptoms of these disturbing behaviors and make concerted efforts to protect this uniquely vulnerable population of pediatric patients. PMID:24765224

Deklotz, Cynthia M C; Krakowski, Andrew C

2013-12-01