WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Kyoto University Reactor diagnostic system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] For the safety of a nuclear reactor, it is very important that the operators and manager make exact judgement about the various conditions of the nuclear reactor occurring at times. The research is advanced for the purpose of adopting a computer system for the research reactor of Kyoto University (KUR), offering effective information to operators and maintenance workers, making the advice for exactly judging the conditions of the reactor by sufficiently grasping them, consequently, developing the system for increasing the safety of the reactor. For the development of this system, also technical officials took part positively and cooperated in the research and development based on the experience of the maintenance and operation of the research reactor carried out daily. The system comprises the data acquisition part, data base, abnormality diagnostic part, man-machine interface part, and individual dealing part. The abnormality of the reactor is identified by the judgement of operators by referring to the data memorized in the data base, then, the reactor is operated. The constitution of the computer system used is shown. The CPU is a minicomputer ECLIPSE S-140, and the main memory is 512 kB. The auxiliary memories are a fixed disk equipment of 73 MB, two floppy disk equipments and a magnetic tape equipment. Respective subsystems are explained. (Kako, I.)

1987-01-01

2

Status of AMS system of Kyoto University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We are developing Accelerator Mass Spectrometer (AMS) using 8 MV tandem accelerator of Faculty of Science, Kyoto University to measure long life heavy radio-isotope with high sensitivity. The multi target sputter ion source mounted 59 samples. A slit was installed in front of negative ion source to decrease beam emittance. The 3 {mu}m aluminum foil was used to separate {sup 13}C{sup 4+} and {sup 14}N{sup 4+}, {sup 7}Li{sub 2}{sup 4+} in the silicon semiconductor detector. Successive injection is realized by changing the magnetic field of injection section. The test sample was at first to become CO{sub 2}. After purification, it was de oxidized by Hydrogen with Fe catalysis. The ratio of {sup 14}C/{sup 12}C was obtained after estimation of the ion permeability efficiency. The tandem accelerator was not exclusive for the mass spectrometer. Therefore, we installed the second stripper (5 {mu}m Mylar) between the 90 degrees analyzing magnet and the steering magnet to cancel out background signals. After all, this modification enabled to measure {sup 14}C by successive injection method. The reproducibility of data is less than 1 - 2 %, which is mainly due to the fluctuation of the electric current measurement. The chain operation time is about 2500 hours in a year. Meantime, the main trouble is a deterioration of cooling water quality. Exchanges of pipes and cleaning by chemicals were needed after the deterioration of water quality. Further optimization of detector system is being continued to increase sensitivity. (Y. Tanaka)

Nakamura, Masanobu; Tazawa, Yuji; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Takahashi, Seiji; Hirose, Masanori; Ogino, Koya [Kyoto Univ. (Japan)

2001-02-01

3

Pew Center on Global Climate Change: Beyond Kyoto  

Science.gov (United States)

The Pew Center on Global Climate Change "brings together business leaders, policy makers, scientists, and other experts to bring a new approach to a complex and often-controversial issue." Visitors to this Pew Center Web site will find six downloadable working papers from former Kyoto Protocol negotiators and other climate experts as part of a new initiative titled Beyond Kyoto: Advancing the International Effort Against Climate Change. For the rest of August, readers may review and offer feedback on these working papers, which are intended as "think pieces" to explore the challenges facing the international climate effort. The site includes a useful glossary of important terms.

4

Polarized ionic source of the tandem accelerator in Kyoto University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A polarized ion source developed under the National Laboratory of High Energy Physics was transferred to the tandem accelerator in Kyoto University at beginning of 1993 to constitute a displacement of incidence into the accelerator. This was an atomic beam type polarized ion source, which is designed to adopt permanent magnets for 6 poles magnet to polarize the electron, to take out atomic nucleus on a shape of positive ion by ECR ionizer after transferring its polarization through transition using radio frequency (RFT), to make it negative ion by charge conversion using alkaline metal vapor, and to put it into the tandem accelerator. Test of the positive ion was finished at the National Laboratory of High Energy Physics, and test in Kyoto University was required after its negative ionization. As the estimated cost was unsufficient and entrance into the ion source facility in the tandem accelerator building was limited in Kyoto University, step of development was slow. Here is reported on present state of the ion source which is now operating stably. (G.K.)

Nakamura, Masanobu; Kuwamoto, Shuichi; Takahashi, Seiji [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics] [and others

1997-02-01

5

UCN-VCN facility and experiments in Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An ultracold and very cold neutron facility was installed in Kyoto University Reactor (KUR). The facility consists of a very cold neutron (VCN) guide tube, a VCN bender, a supermirror neutron turbine and experimental equipments with ultracold neutrons (UCN). The properties of each equipments are presented. UCN is generated by a supermirror neutron turbine combined with the cold neutron source operated with liquid deuterium, and the UCN output spectrum was measured by the time-of-flight method. A gravity analyzer for high resolution spectroscopy and a neutron bottle for decay experiments are now developing as the UCN research in KUR. (author)

1993-01-01

6

Experiments of low temperature irradiations in Kyoto University reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The existing Kyoto University reactor (KUR) is of power output 5000 kW and fast neutron flux 1 x 1012 fn/cm2 sec, and will commemorate the 20 years anniversary of the criticality in June, 1984. The low temperature irradiation facility installed in the E-4 experimental hole of the KUR has been used for 14 years for common utilization experiments. The renewal of the compressor and refrigerator and the repair of the safety system of the vacuum system were carried out in 1973. The results of the research on the low temperature irradiation facility of the KUR and the themes of the common utilization experiments using the facility show the demand of users penetrating into diverse fields. The plan of the Kyoto University high neutron flux reactor (KUHFR) has been advanced to meet the demand, but the consent of the related community was not able to be obtained. The plan of installing the vertical low temperature irradiation facility as well as the cold neutron source in the KUR is forwarded. The existing low temperature irradiation facility carries out the continuous irradiation for 80 hours at 20 K. The necessity of the vertical low temperature irradiation facility, the outline of its equipment and the contents of research are described. (Kako, I.).

1983-11-02

7

Safety and interlock system of Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

KUCA (Kyoto University Critical Assembly) is an entirely new type of critical facility which is composed of three independent highly enriched uranium cores, two with solid moderators and the other with a light water moderator. These three cores share many common facilities such as control rod drive mechanism, instrumentation system, and various experimental facilities. To secure safety and smooth operation of this multi-core system, a safety and interlock system was developed based on the ten years experiences in design, construction, and operation of research reactors at the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. The first critical experiment with KUCA was performed in August 1974. Since then, this safety and interlock system have served as the nucleus of the network of KUCA. This document provides with the basic concept of the safety and interlock system together with various experiences in its construction and operation. Safety logics and system flow charts in various operational procedures are explained with many figures and tables. (Aoki, K.).

1977-01-01

8

Neutron standard field at Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neutron fields and the method of neutron measurements at the Research Reactor Institute (KUR) of Kyoto University are described. The neutron fields are a thermal neutron field with Maxwell distribution and a U-235 fission field of fission plate. Those are obtained at the heavy water facility of KUR. The neutron spectrum in the reactor core is similar to the standard fission spectrum for the energy above 1.5 MeV. The I/E type spectrum can be obtained at a graphite assembly. The standard methods of neutron measurement at KUR are foil activation method, the time of flight method and proton recoil method. The average cross sections of various threshold reactions for fission neutrons and thermal neutrons have been measured by these facilities. (Kato, T.)

1979-02-23

9

Accelerator mass analysis at tandem accelerator in Kyoto University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Tandem accelerator in Science Faculty, Kyoto University was renewed from 5 MV in the highest terminal voltage of Van de Graaff to 8 MV of Peletron in 1992. And, AMS effective for cosmic ray, dating, environment measurement and so forth is determined to a column of collaborative studies by universities and institutes in Japan. On this renewal, because of using high energy beam transportation of the present tandem accelerator, super high sensitivity measurement of long half-life radioactive isotopes of heavy elements such as {sup 36}Cl, {sup 41}Ca, {sup 129}I and so forth is aimed, although having some limitations due to small magnet. The accelerator is active in characteristics of the middle size tandem accelerator, and developing {sup 14}C measurement for its standard technology, as aiming at {sup 36}Cl measurement, at first. As a result, in this tandem accelerator stable and high beam transmittance could be obtained by adding a slit at negative ion source to make emittance of incident beam smaller. {sup 14}C/{sup 12}C ratio of Modan`s sample obtained by graphitizing NBS oxalic acid and Ded`s sample consisting of mineral graphite produced in Sri Lanka are measured to confirm better reproductivity of this system. Future development of successive incident method is planned to test actual carbon samples. (G.K.)

Nakamura, Masanobu; Tazawa, Yuji; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Hirose, Masanori [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Science; Ogino, Koya; Kohno, Masuchika; Funaba, Hiroyuki

1996-12-01

10

Nuclear and process instrumentations of Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) is a new type critical assembly with three cores which consist of highly enriched uranium and of solid moderator or light water moderator. Three fission chambers, three un-compensated ionization chambers and co-axial cables connected to preamplifiers or to a cable junction box are located at each core assembly. By the junction box near at the entrance of the reactor room, each channel of amplifier, high voltage and some interlock cables are connected to a set of six neutron detectors of the operating core. The basic role of the operating staff of a nuclear research reactor is, of course, to operate the reactor safety and efficiently. In achieving this, the philosophy of ''fail safe'', ''fool proof'', ''high reliability'' and many other contrivances are employed in designing the nuclear instrumentation. the initial critical experiment of KUCA was performed in August 1974. Since then, several troubles occured in the first one year, e.g. spurious scram LOG-N amplifier, but these troubles have been solved. In a whole, the nuclear instrumention has been operated as expected. In the present report, the basic concept of instrumentation, its construction, and the operation experience are described. (author)

1978-01-01

11

Operational safety and reactor life improvements of Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent important experience in improving the operational safety and life of a reactor are described. The Kyoto University Reactor (KUR) is a 25-year-old 5 MW light water reactor provided with two thermal columns of graphite and heavy water as well as other kinds of experimental facilities. In the graphite thermal column, noticeable amounts of neutron irradiation effects had accumulated in the graphite blocks near the core. Before the possible release of the stored energy, all the graphite blocks in the column were successfully replaced with new blocks using the opportunity provided by the installation of a liquid deuterium cold neutron source in the column. At the same time, special seal mechanisms were provided for essential improvements to the problem of radioactive argon production in the column. In the heavy-water thermal column we have accomplished the successful repair of a slow leak of heavy water through a thin instrumentation tube failure. The repair work included the removal and reconstructions of the lead and graphite shielding layers and welding of the instrumentation tube under radiation fields. Several mechanical components in the reactor cooling system were also exchanged for new components with improved designs and materials. On-line data logging of almost all instrumentation signals is continuously performed with a high speed data analysis system to diagnose operational conditions of the reactor. Furthermore, through detailed investigations on critical components, operational safety during further extended reactor life will be supported by well scheduled maintenance programs

1990-01-01

12

RF source for proton linear accelerator in Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Construction of a 433 MHz, 7 MeV proton linear accelerator is currently underway in Kyoto University under a three-year plan starting in 1986. The ion source, power source for it, RFQ main unit, WR2100 waveguide and a set of klystrons for RFQ were installed last year, or the first year of the plan, and the power source for the klystrons for RFQ, a set of klystrons for STL, DTL main unit, etc., are planned to be installed this year. Operation has not started yet because of the absence of the power source for the klystrons. Thus this report is focused on the considerations made in selecting the acceleration frequency of 433 MHz, specifications of the klystrons and the structure of the power sources for them. Based on considerations of the efficiency and cost of the accelerating tubes and RF sources to be used, the acceleration frequencies of 433.33 MHz and 1,300 MHz were adopted. The klystron selected is Litton L5773, which has a peak power output of 1.25 Mw, average power output of 75 kW, maximum pulse width of 2,000 ?S and duty of 6 percent, and it consists of four cavities. The structure and characteristics of a klystron are also described. (Nogami, K.)

1987-01-01

13

PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ON RHIC SPIN PHYSICS III AND IV, POLARIZED PARTONS AT HIGH Q2 REGION, AUGUST 3, 2000 AT BNL, OCTOBER 14, 2000 AT KYOTO UNIVERSITY.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

International workshop on II Polarized Partons at High Q2 region 11 was held at the Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan on October 13-14, 2000, as a satellite of the international conference ''SPIN 2000'' (Osaka, Japan, October 16-21,2000). This workshop was supported by RIKEN (The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) and by Yukawa Institute. The scientific program was focused on the upcoming polarized collider RHIC. The workshop was also an annual meeting of RHIC Spin Collaboration (RSC). The number of participants was 55, including 28 foreign visitors and 8 foreign-resident Japanese participants, reflecting the international nature of the RHIC spin program. At the workshop there were 25 oral presentations in four sessions, (1) RHIC Spin Commissioning, (2) Polarized Partons, Present and Future, (3) New Ideas on Polarization Phenomena, (4) Strategy for the Coming Spin Running. In (1) the successful polarized proton commissioning and the readiness of the accelerator for the physics program impressed us. In (2) and (3) active discussions were made on the new structure function to be firstly measured at RHIC, and several new theoretical ideas were presented. In session (4) we have established a plan for the beam time requirement toward the first collision of polarized protons. These proceedings include the transparencies presented at the workshop. The discussion on ''Strategy for the Coming Spin Running'' was summarized by the chairman of the session, S. Vigdor and G. Bunce.

BUNCE, G.; VIGDOR, S.

2001-03-15

14

Research on neutron radiography in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University and activities related to it  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research on neutron radiography in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University was begun in 1974 using the E-2 experimental hole which was designed for neutron irradiation. It was reconstructed for the excellent performance as neutron radiography facility by fixing aluminum plugs, a collimator and so on. The research activities thereafter are briefly described. In 1989, the cold neutron facility was installed in the graphite thermal neutron facility, and the experiment on cold neutron radiography became feasible. The reactor in Kyoto University is of the thermal output of 5 MW, and is put to the joint utilization by universities and research institutes in whole Japan. The experimental items carried out so far are enumerated. At present, the main subjects of research are the development of the standard for establishing image evaluation method, the analysis of gas-liquid two-phase flow, the construction of the data base for the literatures and images of neutron radiography, the application of cold neutron radiography, the development of the imaging method using fast neutrons and so on. The thermal neutron radiography and the cold neutron radiography facilities of Kyoto University research reactor are described. The research and activities at Kyoto University research reactor and the investigation of problems are reported. (K.I.) 56 refs.

1994-01-01

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Annual report of Radiation Laboratory Department of Nuclear Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This publication is the collection of the papers presented research activities of Radiation laboratory, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyoto University during the 1992 academic/fiscal year (April, 1992 - March, 1993). The 48 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

1993-01-01

16

Annual report of Radiation Laboratory Department of Nuclear Engineering Kyoto University for fiscal 1993  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This publication is the collection of the papers presented research activities of Radiation Laboratory, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyoto University during the 1993 academic/fiscal year (April, 1993 - March, 1994). The 47 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

1994-01-01

17

Present status of Kyoto University reactor research result data base KURRIP  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The construction of KURRIP data base was begun in 1982, and in 1983, the data base concerning the literatures published in five years from 1978 to 1982 was set up in the Kyoto University Large Computer Center, and it has become available generally. In fiscal year 1984, the data concerning the literatures published from 1974 to 1977 and in 1983 were added. Moreover in this fiscal year, the work is carried out to input the data concerning the literatures published from 1970 to 1973 and in 1984. The data retrievable at present are those for ten years from 1974 to 1983. The results of having retrieved these data about a number of items are reported in this paper. The classification according to the places of employment of authors, the classification according to the kinds of literatures, the classification according to the languages used, the classification according to the installations used, the classification according to the fields of research, and the classification according to the magazines which printed the data are reported. (Kako, I.)

1985-07-22

18

Experiments on the Accelerator-Driven System (ADS) in the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is going ahead with an innovative research project on the accelerator-driven system (ADS) using a Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (FFAG) accelerator. The goal of the research project was to demonstrate the basic feasibility of ADS as a next-generation neutron source using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) coupled with the FFAG accelerator. At the ADS using the FFAG accelerator, the high-energy neutrons generated by spallation reactions with 100 MeV protons, which had a few pA intensity at a tungsten target, were successfully injected into a highly-enriched uranium (U) and polyethylene-moderated core (Fig. 1) of thermal neutron field at KUCA in 2009. In addition, the experiments on thorium (Th)-loaded ADS were also conducted by the injection of spallation neutrons generated by 100 MeV protons with 30 pA in 2010

Pyeon, Cheol Ho; Lim, Jae Yong; Yagi, Takahiro; Misawa, Tsuyoshi [Kyoto University, Osaka (Japan)

2011-05-15

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Cold and very cold neutron radiography for high contrast neutron imaging in Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neutron radiography is a developed nondestructive research method. The neutron total cross sections of light elements, especially hydrogen, make it quite unique as compared to X-ray radiography. The cold and very cold neutron radiography facilities in Kyoto University Reactor (KUR) are used to take a high contrast neutron images with very low energy neutrons. They are used especially for the agricultural research to show a small change of water distribution in plants. (author)

2005-01-01

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Safety system and 10 years experience in the maintenance of Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) is a new type facility for joint use program among universities and research institutes. It consists of two solid-moderated cores and a water-moderated core. In order to keep safe operation of the critical assembly, safety system has been designed to meet the complex operating systems. The first critical experiment of KUCA was performed in August 1974. Since then, this safety system has served for the safety operation of KUCA. In the present report, the outline of this system and the maintenance are described. (author).

1985-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Long time irradiation facility of Kyoto University Reactor (KUR) and its performance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the Kyoto University Reactor (KUR), the in-core long time irradiation has been installed since the early stage of the reactor. About 15 years ago, the remote welding apparatus was introduced, and then it has been improved several times. The dual aluminium capsule as a long time irradiation capsule has been used. In this report, the flow chart of procedures, irradiation facility, welding apparatus, welding process, neutron energy spectrum, helium exchange, leak detection, X-ray radiography inspection and other works are described. Also irradiation temperature measurements of the capsule have been carried out by using the shape memory alloys. (author).

1991-01-01

22

Earthquake and micro-tremor observation in the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report mainly provides the earthquake propagation characteristics in soil deposits derived from the observation of earthquakes in the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. The observation of earthquake has been carried out at several locations on the surface grounds, rock outcropping and in the reactor building from about three years ago. Up to the present, fifty four earthquakes were observed. The analysis of earthquake response in soil deposits was performed with the application of the one-dimensional wave propagation method (computer code, SHAKE). Besides, the observation of micro-tremors was carried out at the same points to find the relationship between the predominant period of earthquake motion and that of micro-tremors. Several results are summarized as follows. (author)

1985-01-01

23

Summary reports of activities under visiting research program in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, 1988  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Technical Report of Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, is published on occasion summarizing in the form of prompt report the results of the functional test on various experimental facilities, the test results of the articles made for trial, the circumstance of radiation control and waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the remarkable results obtained amid research, new method, the discussion on other papers and reports and others. In this report, 40 summaries of the Visiting Research Projects utilizing the KUR and 13 summaries of those utilizing the KUCA in 1988, and 2 unreported summaries before 1988 are collected. In each summary, the number of adoption, title, the names of reporters and the gist of report are given. (K.I.).

24

Research on the reactor physics using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto University Critical Assembly [KUCA] is a multi-core type critical assembly established in 1974, as a facility for the joint use study by researchers of all universities in Japan. Thereafter, many reactor physics experiments have been carried out using three cores (A-, B-, and C-cores) in the KUCA. In the A- and B-cores, solid moderator such as polyethylene or graphite is used, whereas light-water is utilized as moderator in the C-core. The A-core has been employed mainly in connection with the Cockcroft-Walton type accelerator installed in the KUCA, to measure (1) the subcriticality by the pulsed neutron technique for the critical safety research and (2) the neutron spectrum by the time-of-flight technique. Recently, a basic study on the tight lattice core has also launched using the A-core. The B-core has been employed for the research on the thorium fuel cycle ever since. The C-core has been employed (1) for the basic studies on the nuclear characteristics of light-water moderated high-flux research reactors, including coupled-cores, and (2) for a research related to reducing enrichment of uranium fuel used in research reactors. The C-core is being utilized in the reactor laboratory course experiment for students of ten universities in Japan. The data base of the KUCA critical experiments is generated so far on the basis of approximately 350 experimental reports accumulated in the KUCA. Besides, the assessed KUCA code system has been established through analyses on the various KUCA experiments. In addition to the KUCA itself, both of them are provided for the joint use study by researchers of all universities in Japan. (author)

1986-01-01

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Preliminary analysis on nonuniformly-loaded cores of the Kyoto University Critical Assembly, KUCA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Special safety measures are required in reprocessing facilities, where various physical and chemical forms of fissionable materials are involved in various processes. In particular, special care should be given to the systems handling solutions. In these solution-handling systems, inhomogeneous conditions are very likely to occur due to concentration gredients cause by gravity and local accumulation of solvents and fuel substances. A plan has been worked out for study on the inhomogeneity in these systems by using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). The present report describes a preliminary analysis of nonuniformly-loaded cores by Monte Carlo Calculation. Calculations are made to determine: (1) effect of the ratio II-U-235 on the infinite multiplication factor of a homogeneous model consisting of basic elements (fuel plate + polyethylene plate) as unit cells and (2) effective multiplication factor of a model consisting of inhomogeneous fuel units and polyethyle reflectors. Results show that some inhomogeneous models can give a larger effective multiplication factor than that for the homogeneous model. (Nogami, K.)

1987-01-01

26

Present status of tandem accelerator in Department of Science, Kyoto University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 8UDH tandem accelerator in Department of Science, Kyoto University, has been utilized for six and a half years since the start, and at present, the joint utilization in the first half of fiscal year 1996 is carried out. Also in this year, experiment is carried out by limiting terminal voltage to below 7 MV for general users. Accelerator Group is developing by placing emphasis on a nuclear physics project PIS and an interdisciplinary project AMS, subsequently to the last fiscal year. The terminal voltage and the time of operation of pellet chains in the operation from October, 1995 to July, 1996 are shown. The course of the improvement, troubles and the repair from July, 1995 to June, 1996 is reported. The countermeasures to the damage of column tension rods did not end, and the new parts will be attached in coming autumn. Two large and four small chain tension pulleys were replaced. The surfaces of nylon rods were scratched and repaired. The belts driving the SF6 gas blower have been exchanged every about 8000 hours operation. A maniford was attached to the ion source for mixing gases. As the utilization from October 1995 to March 1996, 23 subjects for 83 days were adopted, and from April to October, 1996, the subjects for 65 days were adopted. (K.I.)

Takahashi, Seiji; Nakamura, Masanobu; Murakami, Tetsuya; Osoi, Yu; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Hirose, Masanori; Takimoto, Kiyohiko; Sakaguchi, Harutaka; Imai, Kenichi [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics

1996-12-01

27

Present status of tandem accelerator in Department of Science, Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 8UDH tandem accelerator in Department of Science, Kyoto University, has been utilized for six and a half years since the start, and at present, the joint utilization in the first half of fiscal year 1996 is carried out. Also in this year, experiment is carried out by limiting terminal voltage to below 7 MV for general users. Accelerator Group is developing by placing emphasis on a nuclear physics project PIS and an interdisciplinary project AMS, subsequently to the last fiscal year. The terminal voltage and the time of operation of pellet chains in the operation from October, 1995 to July, 1996 are shown. The course of the improvement, troubles and the repair from July, 1995 to June, 1996 is reported. The countermeasures to the damage of column tension rods did not end, and the new parts will be attached in coming autumn. Two large and four small chain tension pulleys were replaced. The surfaces of nylon rods were scratched and repaired. The belts driving the SF6 gas blower have been exchanged every about 8000 hours operation. A maniford was attached to the ion source for mixing gases. As the utilization from October 1995 to March 1996, 23 subjects for 83 days were adopted, and from April to October, 1996, the subjects for 65 days were adopted. (K.I.).

1996-01-01

28

Summary report of activities under visiting research program in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, second half of 1989  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Technical Report is published on occasion by summarizing in the form of prompt report the data required at the time of research and experiment, such as the results of the functional test on various experimental facilities, the test results for the articles made for trial, the state of radiation control and waste treatment, the reports of study meetings and so on, or the remarkable results and new methods obtained in research, the discussion on other papers and reports and others in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University. In this report, the gists of 69 studies carried out by using the Research Reactor and 15 studies by using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly are collected. Adoption number, classification, title, the names of reporters and gist are given for each report. (K.I.)

1990-01-01

29

A survey of attitudes toward clinical research among physicians at Kyoto University Hospital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Japan, only clinical research related to investigational new drug trials must be notified to regulatory bodies, and this lack of a uniform standard for clinical research has caused a number of difficulties. The objective of this study was to assess the willingness of physicians to participate in clinical research and to identify effective methods to promote and enhance clinical research. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey by administrating questionnaires to physicians in 31 departments in Kyoto University Hospital from October through November 2007. Results A total of 51.5% (310 of 602) of physicians completed the questionnaire. More than two-thirds of them reported currently participating in clinical research, and nearly all believed that clinical research is necessary for physicians. Less than 20% of respondents had specific training regarding clinical research, and most reported a need to acquire concepts and skills regarding clinical research, especially those related to statistics. "Paperwork was complicated and onerous" was the most frequently cited obstacle in conducting clinical research, followed by "few eligible patients" and "lack of time". Previous participation in and prospective participation in clinical research, previous writing a research protocol were positively associated with current participation in clinical research. Conclusions Physicians in university hospitals need more training regarding clinical research, particularly in biostatistics. They also require administrative assistance. Our findings indicate that the quality of clinical research could be improved if training in clinical research methodology and biostatistics were provided, and if greater assistance in the preparation of study documents requested by the institutional Independent Ethics Committee were available.

Sumi Eriko; Murayama Toshinori; Yokode Masayuki

2009-01-01

30

Report of research by common utilization in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, in first half of fiscal 1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In the technical report, the data required for research and experiment, such as the result of functional test of various experimental facilities, the test results of the products manufactured for trial, the state of radiation control and waste treatment, and the reports of study meetings, or the remarkable results and new methods obtained in research, and the discussion on other papers and reports in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, are summarized as prompt report. The subject, reporters and synopsis of 54 papers are reported in this publication. (Kako, I.)

1982-01-01

31

Report of researches by common utilization of facilities in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, latter half of fiscal year 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The technical report of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is published any time to immediately report on the results of the functional tests of various experimental facilities, the test results for the products made for trial, radiation control, the situation of waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the conspicuous results obtained amid researches, new processes, and the discussion on other papers and reports. In this report, the title, the names of reporters and the summary of 65 researches carried out by the common utilization of the facilities in the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute are collected. The themes of the researches are such as Moessbauer spectroscopic study of ferrocene and its derivative iodides by I-129, decomposition of cadmium telluride during heat treatment, element distribution in resource living things and environmental substances produced in northern ocean, radioactivation analysis of trace elements in blood of tumor-bearing animals, radioactivation analysis of noble metal elements in geochemical samples, relaxation phenomena by gamma-gamma perturbation angle correlation, separation of components in Allende meteorite and their radioactivation analysis, measurement of cross section of Pa-231 (n, gamma) reaction and others. (Kako, I.)

1983-01-01

32

Report of researches by common utilization of facilities in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, latter half of fiscal year 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The technical report of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is published any time to immediately report on the results of the functional tests of various experimental facilities, the test results for the products made for trial, radiation control, the situation of waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the conspicuous results obtained amid researches, new processes, and the discussion on other papers and reports. In this report, the title, the names of reporters and the summary of 61 researches carried out by the common utilization of the facilities in the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute are collected. The themes of the researches are such as radioactivation analysis of trace elements in rocks and minerals, anodic oxidation films of GaAs and structure, measurement of yield of uranium isotopes produced by reactor neutron irradiation of thorium, geochemical study of trace elements in hydrosphere by radio-activation analysis, various diseases and variation of elements in rat furs, Moessbauer spectroscopic study of gold compounds with singular coupling by Au-197, measurement of grass-eating quantity and rate of digestion of cows using Au and Eu, sickness biochemical study of trace elements in hair samples of patients and others. (Kako, I.)

1983-01-01

33

Report of researches by common utilization of facilities in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, first half of fiscal year 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The technical report of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is published any time to immediately report on the results of the functional tests of various experimental facilities, the test results for the products made for trial, radiation control, the situation of waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the conspicuous results obtained amid researches, new processes, and the discussion on other papers and reports. In this report, the title, the names of reporters and the summary of 47 researches carried out by the common utilization of the facilities in the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute are collected. The themes of the researches are such as diffusion of impurities ion-implanted in silicon into natural oxide films, origin of igneous rocks by trace element distribution study, element distribution in black ore and its accompanying rocks and origin of black ore, reprocessing of molten salt fuel of thorium group, forerunning martensite transformation of Fe-Pt invar alloy, change of nucleic acid component to recoil tritium at cryogenic temperature, gamma irradiation effect of KC1 containing Pb2+, radiation effect on cadmium halide crystals and impurity metallic ions and others. (Kako, I.)

1983-01-01

34

Report of researches by common utilization of facilities in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, first half of fiscal year 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The technical report of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is published any time to immediately report on the results of the functional tests of various experimental facilities, the test results for the products made for trial, radiation control, the situation of waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the conspicuous results obtained amid researches, new processes, and the discussion on other papers and reports. In this report, the title, the names of reporters and the summary of 57 researches carried out by the common utilization of the facilities in the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute are collected. The themes of the researches are such as neutron radiography using a research reactor, measurement of Zr/Hf ratio in zirconium, interstitial germanium atoms in thermal neutron irradiation study, measurement of induced radioactivity due to neutrons in Nagasaki and Hiroshima atomic bombings, properties of semiconductor electrons in radiation study, induction of mutation in crops by neutron irradiation and utilization for breeding, thermal fluorescence mechanism of alkali halide and MgO single crystals, atomic configuration in PZT rhombohedron phase, modulated structure of Cu-Co alloys, excitation of nuclei by positron annihilation and others. (Kako, I.)

1983-01-01

35

The remodelling outline of the neutron irradiation facility of the Kyoto University research reactor mainly for neutron capture therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The Heavy Water Thermal Neutron Facility of the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR, full power: 5 MW) was wholly updated in March 1996 mainly for neutron capture therapy (NCT). The performance as a neutron irradiation facility was improved using the epithermal neutron moderator of the aluminum-heavy water mixture (AI/D20=80/20 in volume percent), the neutron energy spectrum shifter of heavy water whose thickness changed from 0 cm to 60 cm, and the thermal neutron filters of 1 mm-thick cadmium and 6.4 mm-thick boral plates. The clinical irradiation utilisation under the full-power continuous KUR operation was realised employing both the Radiation Shielding System, and the Remote Carrying System for a patient. The safety and utility of the facility were improved due to the Safety Observation System. The KUR Advanced Irradiation System for NCT was organised. (author)

2001-01-01

36

Performance of the 100 MeV injector linac for the electron storage ring at Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An electron linear accelerator has been constructed as an injector of a 300 MeV electron storage ring (Kaken Storage Ring, KSR) at Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University. The output beam energy of the linac is 100 MeV and the designed beam current is 100 mA at the 1 ?sec long pulse mode. The transverse and longitudinal emittance are measured to evaluate the beam quality for the beam injection into the KSR. They are observed by the profile monitors combined with quadrupole magnets or an RF accelerator. The results are that the normalized transverse emittance is 120 ?.mm.mrad. The longitudinal emittance is 15 ?.deg.MeV and the energy spread is ±2.2 %. (author)

1996-11-15

37

Recent Measurements of Neutron Capture Cross Sections for Minor Actinides by a Jnc and Kyoto University Group  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent activities on the measurement of neutron capture cross sections by a Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) and Kyoto university group is reviewed focusing on 237Np and 238Np. Firstly, an experimental issue on the measurement of thermal-neutron capture cross section and resonance integral of 237Np is discussed. In second, the effectiveness of utilizing a double-neutron capture reaction for the measurement of the neutron capture cross section for short-lived nuclei 238Np is discussed. In third, the measurements of the energy dependence of the neutron capture cross section of 237Np are reviewed focusing on the experimental progress, including a total-energy detector and a flash-ADC based data-taking system. The experimental results were compared each other and also with some nuclear data libraries to make the problems clear.

Harada, Hideo; Sakane, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Shoji; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hori, Jun-Ichi; Fujii, Toshiyuki; Yamana, Hajimu

2006-04-01

38

Photovoltaic power generation field test project at the Kyoto Agricultural Resource Research Center (Seika town, Kyoto prefecture); Kyotofu nogyo shigen kenkyu center taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo (Kyotofu Seikamachi)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

At the Kyoto Agricultural Resource Research Center located in the Kansai cultural scientific research center, a photovoltaic power system to which attention is paid as a clean energy system was installed in fiscal 1996. The specifications are as follows: system capacity of 150kW, high voltage system interconnection type, no storage batteries, no independent operation function, and with back flow function. The array structure is 18 series and 72 parallels, and the number of modules is 1296. The array angle is 30deg, and the azimuth is 0deg. The solar cell module is a polycrystal type, the operating temperature is -40degC - +90degC, the size of cell is 15cmtimes15cm, and the number of cell series is 36. At irradiance of 1kW/m{sup 2} and element temperature of 25degC, the conversion efficiency is 12.8%, the optimum operating voltage 16.9V, the optimum operating current 7.10A, and the maximum output 120.0W. Hereafter, verification of applicability and stability of the power system and collection of various data are conducted. 17 figs., 3 tabs.

Aramaki, T. [Kyoto Prefectural Government Office, Kyoto (Japan)

1997-05-30

39

SATELLITE AERONAVIGATION CENTER OF NATIONAL AVIATION UNIVERSITY ??????????? ????????????????? ????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available  Satellite Aeronavigation Center of National Aviation University is presented: research directions, laboratory practicum, research equipment, developed problems. ?????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ????? ????????????? ???????????? ????????????: ??????????? ??????? ????????????, ???????????? ??????????, ???????????? ??? ????????????, ??????????? ??????????. ?????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????: ??????? ???????? ??????????, ??????????? ??????????, ?????????? ??? ??????????, ????????? ????????.

V.P. Kharchenko; V.V. Konin

2005-01-01

40

Kyoto mistakes  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Protocol conflicts with a rational view of what short-term climate policy should achieve. Chosen emission reduction targets conflict with individual and social interests, and will therefore be hard to reach. Possibilities to cheat on the agreement are plentiful. Methane emission reduction may help to meet the short-term aims, but does not contribute to the ultimate objective.

Tol, R.S.J. [Vrije University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands). Inst. of Environmental Studies

1998-12-31

 
 
 
 
41

Summary reports of activities under visiting research program in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, first half of 1989  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This book contains 56 brief reports of studies carried out at the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. These reports deal with 'Neutron Transmutation Doping on Compound Semiconductor', 'Study on the Influence of the Neutron Irradiation on the Low Temperature Strength of Various Welded Joint of Dissimilar Materials', 'Low Temperature Irradiation Effect on Iron-Alloys and Ceramics', 'Luminescent Phenomena from Some Kinds of Rock and Mineral Slices Accompanied with Gamma-irradiation', 'Study of Irradiation Effects on Simulated Waste Glass Irradiated Using 10B(n,?)7Li Reaction', 'Neutron Spectrometry with CR-39 Track Detector', 'Performance Study on Superconducting Magnet Materials in Thermonuclear Fusion Conditions', 'Fast Neutron Radiography with KUR-Linac', 'Study of Photo-Excited Metastable State and Their Relaxation of Irradiation Defects in Silicon and Diamond by Using a SQUID Magnetometer', 'Moessbauer Study on Radiation Damage of Metals and Alloys', 'Radiation Damages in Super Ionic Conductors', 'Basic Study on 74As Production by (?,n) Reaction', etc. (N.K.)

1989-01-01

42

[Measures to reduce turnaround time (TAT): attempts for on blood cultures in Kyoto University Hospital].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Because the detection of bacteremia is an important indication for subsequent treatment and prognosis, blood culture-positive results should be reported as soon as possible. Here, we present our attempts to promptly report the results of blood culture-positive samples and successive support systems for medical examinations. The BacT/ALERT system is used for culturing blood in our hospital. If a positive blood culture is obtained, medical technologists at the microbiological laboratory of our university hospital immediately contact the corresponding ward regarding the results of Gram staining and simultaneously inform the infectious disease physicians at the Department of Infection Control and Prevention. By using the positive blood cultures obtained from January 2003 to December 2004 (the period during which only day shifts on weekdays was supported), we determined the time required from blood specimen collection to obtaining positive samples from the culture system. When the samples were inserted into the system on the day following blood collection or later, the average time required was 48 hours. On the other hand, when the samples were inserted into the system on the day of blood collection, the average time required was 33 hours. After consideration of the importance of blood cultures, the examination system at the microbiological laboratory was changed to support day shifts every day in May 2008. The time taken from blood specimen collection for blood cultures to obtaining positive samples from the system was 40 hours on an average when day shifts were supported only on weekdays (during the above mentioned period), whereas the average time required was 31 hours when day shifts were supported every day (from May to June 2008). Since January 2002, the Department of Infection Control and Prevention have supported medical examinations for infectious diseases, including blood culture-positive cases. Compared between before and after the establishment of the support system (in 2001 and 2007), the 30-day mortality rates from bloodstream infections with Staphylococcus aureus and Candida spp. have improved from 30% to 17% and 56% to 23%, respectively. As indicated in our results, it is important to immediately deliver blood culture samples to the laboratory, start blood cultures (insert into the system), promptly report the results of Gram staining after the positive samples are obtained, and administer suitable antibiotic treatment.

Saito T

2009-01-01

43

[Measures to reduce turnaround time (TAT): attempts for on blood cultures in Kyoto University Hospital].  

Science.gov (United States)

Because the detection of bacteremia is an important indication for subsequent treatment and prognosis, blood culture-positive results should be reported as soon as possible. Here, we present our attempts to promptly report the results of blood culture-positive samples and successive support systems for medical examinations. The BacT/ALERT system is used for culturing blood in our hospital. If a positive blood culture is obtained, medical technologists at the microbiological laboratory of our university hospital immediately contact the corresponding ward regarding the results of Gram staining and simultaneously inform the infectious disease physicians at the Department of Infection Control and Prevention. By using the positive blood cultures obtained from January 2003 to December 2004 (the period during which only day shifts on weekdays was supported), we determined the time required from blood specimen collection to obtaining positive samples from the culture system. When the samples were inserted into the system on the day following blood collection or later, the average time required was 48 hours. On the other hand, when the samples were inserted into the system on the day of blood collection, the average time required was 33 hours. After consideration of the importance of blood cultures, the examination system at the microbiological laboratory was changed to support day shifts every day in May 2008. The time taken from blood specimen collection for blood cultures to obtaining positive samples from the system was 40 hours on an average when day shifts were supported only on weekdays (during the above mentioned period), whereas the average time required was 31 hours when day shifts were supported every day (from May to June 2008). Since January 2002, the Department of Infection Control and Prevention have supported medical examinations for infectious diseases, including blood culture-positive cases. Compared between before and after the establishment of the support system (in 2001 and 2007), the 30-day mortality rates from bloodstream infections with Staphylococcus aureus and Candida spp. have improved from 30% to 17% and 56% to 23%, respectively. As indicated in our results, it is important to immediately deliver blood culture samples to the laboratory, start blood cultures (insert into the system), promptly report the results of Gram staining after the positive samples are obtained, and administer suitable antibiotic treatment. PMID:20528095

Saito, Takashi

2009-01-01

44

Static and kinetic experiments on accelerator-driven system with 14 MeV neutrons in Kyoto University critical assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In preparation for connecting a Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (FFAG) accelerator at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA), static and kinetic experimental and numerical analyses of Accelerator Driven System (ADS) are envisaged. Improvement of source multiplication by the implementation of a neutron guide is expected to affect the characteristics of the ADS core. The effects on reactivity and neutron flux distribution are investigated by measurements of the subcriticality and the reaction rate distributions of indium wire, respectively, using the KUCA core and the current 14 MeV pulsed neutron generator. A comparison of the results of static measurements with those of calculations provides an estimation of MCNP-4C3 precision with JENDL-3.3 and ENDF/B-VI.2 for the basic research on ADS with 14 MeV neutrons at KUCA. The neutron guide has proved to be experimentally effective in improving external source when it is extended into the fuel region. Since the reactivity range of the actual ADS operation is expected to be around 3%?k/k, the validity of both measurements and calculations has been demonstrated up to 6%?k/k for the current KUCA cores. The prompt neutron decay constant is obtained by the pulsed neutron method, and subcriticality by the area ratio method, using an optical fiber detection system developed at KUCA. The optical fiber detector has been assessed as a promising original tool for the measurements of the subcriticality and prompt neutron decay constant, through ADS kinetic experiments with 14 MeV neutrons. (author)

2008-01-01

45

Role Strain in University Research Centers  

Science.gov (United States)

One way in which university faculty members' professional lives have become more complex with the advent of contemporary university research centers is that many faculty have taken on additional roles. The authors' concern in this article is to determine the extent to which role strain is experienced by university faculty members who are…

Boardman, Craig; Bozeman, Barry

2007-01-01

46

Beta Cell Workshop 2013 Kyoto.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The very modern Kyoto International Conference Center provided the site for the 8th workshop on Beta cells on April 23-26, 2013. The preceding workshops were held in Boston, USA (1991); Kyoto, Japan (1994); Helsingør, Denmark (1997); Helsinki, Finland (2003); El Perello, Spain (2006); Peebles, Scotland (2009); and Helsingør, Denmark (2011). The Kyoto meeting drew more than 200 attendees from 18 different countries. There were 47 main oral presentations, and approximately 75 posters covered virtually all aspects of the pancreas function, development and genetics of disease. Here we will review some of the newest highlights.

Heller RS; Madsen OD; Nielsen JH

2013-06-01

47

Kyoto Mechanisms  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The current status of Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM) are reviewed within the context of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change of 1992, the Kyoto Protocol of 1997, and in light of the progress on the mechanisms and convention issues made at the CoP5 (Conference of Parties, 5th Meeting) in 1999 and subsequent discussions. Prospects for CoP6 in November 2000 in the Hague are also reviewed, with emphasis on baselines and additionality, project eligibility, project financing, and banking and trading of certified emission reductions (CERs). The roles of CoP versus the Executive Board and operational entities are explored. Likely steps in CDM development and JI (joint implementation) issues at CoP6 and beyond, and the overall questions regarding the implementation of the Kyoto Mechanisms, particularly CDM and JI, are discussed. Benefits of CDM and JI globally, for host countries, and for individual companies are outlined along with special opportunities in the energy sector in the areas of energy efficiency improvements, fuel switching, electric power generation and transmission, renewable energy sources, oil and gas and demand-side management. Opportunities for other sectors, such as transportation, waste management, construction, forestry and agriculture are examined. Various examples of AIJ projects in biomass generation (Belize), rural electrification (Bolivia), hydroelectric power generation (Costa Rica), fuel switching for district heating (Czech Republic), reduced impact logging (Indonesia), reforestation and fugitive gas capture (Russia) are reviewed. An overview of the role and activities of Canada's CDM and JI Office, and a series of questions that project proponents should ask of themselves about the value and impact of their project are also provided.

Gera, S. [Government of Canada, Dept. of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

2000-07-01

48

Texas Tech University Fire Ecology Center  

Science.gov (United States)

This site features the Fire Ecology Center at Texas Tech University. The Fire Ecology Center focuses on the role of fire in grassland ecosystems and their website contains information on current research, publications, managing pastures, managing problem plants, and more. There are also video demonstrations and a collection of fire photographs.

2008-09-17

49

The industrial Center at Mississippi State University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Mississippi State University Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) is one of 26 centers supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at universities across the country. The Mississippi State University IAC in existence since 1994 provides plant assessments at no cost to eligible small and mid-sized manufacturers categorized in Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Codes 20-39. Client eligibility is based on gross sales below $100 million, fewer than 500 employees at the plant, annual utility bills more than $100,000 and less than $2 million, and no in-house professional staff to perform an assessment. IAC assessment benefits include no cost to the clients, increased profitability and competitiveness, confidentiality, non-regulatory, nonobligatory, and student involvement.

b.K. Hodge; Mary C. Emplaincourt

2007-04-30

50

The survey on the supporting ground on the construction site of High Flux Reactor Building in Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As part of the seismic design of the High Flux Reactor building which is planned to be constructed by Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, the stability of the supporting ground has been analyzed. This report concerns the ground survey which has been carried out to obtain the basic data on the supporting ground. The outline of the ground around the construction site of High Flux Reactor has been already made clear by the last survey. Therefore, the purpose of this ground survey is mainly to make clear the mechanical properties of the soil. The survey has been carried out concerning the supporting ground and several layers deeper than that. The main items obtained are as follows. (1) modulus of deformation (2) breaking strength and creep strength (3) coefficient of permeability (4) ground water level. (author)

1981-01-01

51

The educational document of operation and management for Kyoto-University nuclear research reactor facility. Experience of operation and management for 40 years (No.1)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author has worked as an operator and a maintenance man in the research reactor and its auxiliary facilities of Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute (KURRI) for 40 years. For the purpose of future education of the members in research reactor division, I have arranged this report based on my past experience of 40 years. In this report, a lot of valuable experiences on the phenomena and the omens of accident, etc., which were happened beyond our imagination in the research reactor, are included. The management of a nuclear reactor facility always links with the radioactivity issues. Any small accident will cause a great social problem and influences the life of the people greatly. Therefore, we should be very prudent and should avoid making any mistakes in the operation and routine management. This report covers the information on the original research reactor construction, the first record of the critical stage of the research reactor, the first record of the achievement of 5 MW in nominal maximum power, as well as the phenomena beyond our imagination and the information on the radioactive leak accidents, etc., within the past 40 years. It takes me 40 years to obtain these experiences of operation and management. I am thinking that I should transfer these experiences to the younger generation. That is the reason I wrote this report. In order to change the high enriched uranium fuel assemblies into the low enriched uranium fuel assemblies, Kyoto University research Reactor (KUR) is under maintenance now. KUR will be re-started to operate in the coming future, if the maintenance and other preparation are completed smoothly. I will be very happy if this report can play some roles in the future research reactor operation and maintenances. (author)

2006-01-01

52

University of Pennsylvania: Center for Bioethics  

Science.gov (United States)

This website presents the University of Pennsylvania's Center for Bioethics, "a leader in bioethics research and its deployment in the ethical, efficient, and compassionate practice of the life sciences and medicine." The website offers information about the Center's programs as well as information regarding faculty and staff contact information, research interests, and selected publications. The Faculty & Staff section also links to a number of downloadable faculty publications including "Are We Ready for Mass Genetic Testing: Ethical and Social Hurdles" by Arthur Caplan, "Bioethics and History" by Bob Baker, and "Toward a New Vocabulary of Human Genetic Variation" by Mildred Cho and Pamela Sankar. The current Center Programs include The Ethics of Gene Patenting, Toward as Understanding of Benefit Sharing, and the Penn High School Bioethics Project.

53

Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Established in 1992 as the Indiana University (IU) Cancer Center, the IU Center became an NCI-designated cancer center in 1999. The name was changed to the Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center in 2006. The Center’s mission is to advance the understanding, prevention, and treatment of cancer with patient-centered care, acceleration of promising science, and collaborative educational programs.

54

Center for Social Media at American University  

Science.gov (United States)

The mission statement for the Center for Social Media states that it "showcases and analyzes strategies to use media as creative tools for public knowledge and action. It focuses on social documentaries for civil society and democracy, and on the public media environment that supports them. The Center is part of the School of Communication at American University." The website provides a wealth of resources in its library ranging from policy issues such as copyright and fair use, funding social media and policy issues. The site also includes to teaching materials on fair use as well as syllabi and tips submitted by professors in the broadcast field. Furthermore, the site includes online videos and related links for each of its many resources.

2006-12-27

55

Harvard University: Center for Public Leadership  

Science.gov (United States)

Created in 2000 with funding from the Wexner Foundation, the Center for Public Leadership at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government is "dedicated to excellence in leadership education and research." The Center serves those persons in government, business, and nonprofits by providing access to a number of publications and research reports, along with various courses, seminars, and public events. Of course, those who cannot make it to Cambridge, Massachusetts will certainly appreciate this site, as access to a number of their publications is included on this site. Visitors will want to take a look at their in-house journal, Compass, which contains articles on leadership and leadership studies. For those with a scholarly penchant for leadership studies and allied research, the site also features a working papers archive that contains material all the way back to 2003.

56

Photographic Resource Center at Boston University  

Science.gov (United States)

The Boston Globe once referred to the Photographic Resource Center (PRC) at Boston University as "one-stop shopping for the photo buff". For visitors who can't make it into the Hub, the PRC website offers a cornucopia of visually elegant online exhibits, coupled with more basic information about their various programs and educational resources. First-time users of the site may wish to stop by the "Northeast Exposure Online" area, which offers a web-based showcase of emerging photographic artists from New England as selected by staff members at the PRC. Those persons interested in visiting the PRC should take a look at their "Exhibition" section, where they can also find look over some of their recent online exhibitions such as the excellent "Document: Contemporary Social Documentary Work from Greater Boston".

57

Subcritical Multiplication Parameters of the Accelerator-Driven System with 100?MeV Protons at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Basic experiments on the accelerator-driven system (ADS) at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly are carried out by combining a solid-moderated and -reflected core with the fixed-field alternating gradient accelerator. The reaction rates are measured by the foil activation method to obtain the subcritical multiplication parameters. The numerical calculations are conducted with the use of MCNPX and JENDL/HE-2007 to evaluate the reaction rates of activation foils set in the core region and at the location of the target. Here, a comparison between the measured and calculated eigenvalues reveals a relative difference of around 10% in C/E values. A special mention is made of the fact that the reaction rate analyses in the subcritical systems demonstrate apparently the actual effect of moving the tungsten target into the core on neutron multiplication. A series of further ADS experiments with 100 MeV protons needs to be carried out to evaluate the accuracy of subcritical multiplication parameters.

2012-01-01

58

Surveying studies on the ground water around the construction site of high flux reactor in Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The construction of High Flux Reactor has been projected at Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. This report is on the phenomena pertaining to the ground water around the destination site, which was investigated as one of the environmental studies. This study is useful for the estimation of the ground supporting force, the condition of stratgraphy and the behavior of radionuclides into the ground which are accidentally released from nuclear facilities. The main results obtained are as follows, (1) the permeability coefficient in the penetrated confined aquifer of the deep layer is about 1 x 10-2 cm/sec, (2) the ground water around the destination site flows to the north direction with the permeability coefficient of 2 -- 3 x 10-3 cm/sec and the velocity of the penetrated non-confined water is about 0.2 -- 0.4 m/day, (3) the fluctuation of the ground water level for one year is about 1 -- 4 m, except for the small area where the fallen rain gathers locally. (auth.)

1977-01-01

59

The 6 m point-focusing small-angle X-ray scattering camera at the High-Intensity X-ray Laboratory of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A new multipurpose X-ray small-angle scattering camera system consisting of a rotating-anode X-ray generator, a double-focusing collimator and a two-dimensional position-sensitive detector has been developed at the High-Intensity X-ray Laboratory of Kyoto University. The overall camera length is 6 m, and the sample-to-detector distance can be varied in 0.5 m increments up to 3 m to cover scattering angles ranging from 0.001 to 0.18 rad. The collimator consists of a pair of crossed-plane total-reflection mirrors of 40 cm in length. The mirrors, which are mechanically bent to form cylindrical surfaces, provide point collimation free of collimation error. Gemeral-purpose sample holders equipped with a programmable temperature controller are provided for both transmission and scattering measurements; the temperature is maintained within ±0.1 K in the range of 223-573 K. A cryostat for measurements down to 20 K, a dynamic sample deformation apparatus, and a temperature-jump equipment are also available. The multi-wire delay-line position-sensitive proportional counter has an active area of 128x128 mm with a spatial resolution of 0.5x1.0 mm. The data acquisition is controlled by a real-time front-end processor though a CAMAC interface. The data are recorded in a dual-port histogramming memory of 32 bit x 1 Mwords, which enables direct access to the data from the main computer for real-time monitoring and analysis. The performance of the camera is demonstrated with some selected examples: Diffraction patterns from carp lateral line nerve myelin and chicken-tendon collagen fibrils, a Guinier plot of the scattering from polystryrene in dilute solution, and time-resolved measurements of polypropylene during the annealing process. (orig.)

1988-08-01

60

The Social Work Research Center at Colorado State University  

Science.gov (United States)

The Social Work Research Center is an innovative university-community partnership within the School of Social Work in the College of Applied Human Sciences at Colorado State University. The center is focused on working with county and state child welfare agencies to generate applied research that translates into evidence-based practice for serving…

Winokur, Marc A.; Valentine, Deborah P.; Drendel, James M.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Center for Catalysis at Iowa State University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The overall objective of this proposal is to enable Iowa State University to establish a Center that enjoys world-class stature and eventually enhances the economy through the transfer of innovation from the laboratory to the marketplace. The funds have been used to support experimental proposals from interdisciplinary research teams in areas related to catalysis and green chemistry. Specific focus areas included: • Catalytic conversion of renewable natural resources to industrial materials • Development of new catalysts for the oxidation or reduction of commodity chemicals • Use of enzymes and microorganisms in biocatalysis • Development of new, environmentally friendly reactions of industrial importance These focus areas intersect with barriers from the MYTP draft document. Specifically, section 2.4.3.1 Processing and Conversion has a list of bulleted items under Improved Chemical Conversions that includes new hydrogenation catalysts, milder oxidation catalysts, new catalysts for dehydration and selective bond cleavage catalysts. Specifically, the four sections are: 1. Catalyst development (7.4.12.A) 2. Conversion of glycerol (7.4.12.B) 3. Conversion of biodiesel (7.4.12.C) 4. Glucose from starch (7.4.12.D) All funded projects are part of a soybean or corn biorefinery. Two funded projects that have made significant progress toward goals of the MYTP draft document are: Catalysts to convert feedstocks with high fatty acid content to biodiesel (Kraus, Lin, Verkade) and Conversion of Glycerol into 1,3-Propanediol (Lin, Kraus). Currently, biodiesel is prepared using homogeneous base catalysis. However, as producers look for feedstocks other than soybean oil, such as waste restaurant oils and rendered animal fats, they have observed a large amount of free fatty acids contained in the feedstocks. Free fatty acids cannot be converted into biodiesel using homogeneous base-mediated processes. The CCAT catalyst system offers an integrated and cooperative catalytic system that performs both esterification (of free fatty acids) and transesterification (of soybean oil) in a one-pot fashion. This will allow the biodiesel producers to use the aforementioned cheap feedstocks without any pretreatment. In addition, the catalyst system is heterogeneous and is highly recyclable and reusable. Although markets currently exist for glycerin, concern is mounting that the price of glycerin may plummet to $.05 - $.10 per pound if future production exceeds demand. Developing a system to make high value chemicals such as 1,3-propanediol from the glycerin stream will add value for biodiesel producers who implement the new technology. Given the fact that both DuPont and Shell chemicals have announced the commercialization of two new PDO-based polymers, a rapid increase of market demand for a cheaper PDO source is very likely. 4. Comparison of actual accomplishments with goals and objectives From our progress reports, the four areas are: 1. Catalyst development (7.4.12.A) 2. Conversion of glycerol (7.4.12.B) 3. Conversion of biodiesel (7.4.12.C) 4. Glucose from starch (7.4.12.D)

Kraus, George A.

2006-10-17

62

Designing Organizational Structure for Entrepreneurship Centers in Medical Sciences Universities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Entrepreneurship is a long term educational and training process which necessitates the planning in Iran's educational system especially in universities and higher education institutes. Thereby since 2001, the KARAD project (Entrepreneurship Development in Universities) was started by ministry of sciences, research and technology. However in universities affiliated to health ministry, there are no similar settings with defined organizational structure.  Methods: This is a comparative and cross-sectional study carried out to developing organizational structure of entrepreneurship centers in universities affiliated to Ministry of Health (MOH).. The study population included 12 entrepreneurship centers affiliated to Ministry of Sciences, Research and Technology in Iran; and 10 centers from selected universities in USA, Netherlands, and Malaysia. Interview and observation methods were used to collect data, and the study tool was a valid and reliable questionnaire. Results: Present study identified the organizational structure, goals, duties, programs, resources, appraisal methods, strengths, and weaknesses of selected entrepreneurship centers. The above-mentioned organizational structures were tested and confirmed by Delphi Technique. At last, considering mentioned variables, health ministry structure, and related socioeconomic conditions, we designed an applied organizational structure to initialize an entrepreneurship center in medical sciences universities. Conclusion: Our findings showed that it is necessary to establishment of entrepreneurship centers in medical sciences universities. The organizational structure of these centers should be scientific, dynamic, and flexible; and conform to mission of center. The model designed in present research, can help to initiating the entrepreneurship centers in medical sciences universities in Iran and it is important for entrepreneurship development for health fields.

A Barati Marnani; S Tourani; M Zahiri

2006-01-01

63

The Kyoto protocol development; La viabilite du protocole de Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

From the author R. Cooper point of view the Kyoto Protocol is a flawed concept. The reasons for dropping Kyoto are presented in this paper insisting that rejecting Kyoto not means to imply that global climate change is not a serious problem. After a presentation of the US policy facing the Climatic Change, some concluding propositions are proposed. (A.L.B.)

Cooper, R. [Harvard Univ., Barrow, AK (United States); Guesneris, R. [College de France, 75 - Paris (France)

2002-04-01

64

University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston  

Science.gov (United States)

The primary project is to focus upon translation of imaging agents and devices developed at The Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) and translated in Phase I studies at The Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Administration Medical Center (MEDVAMC) as well as at Ben Taub General Hospital (BTGH).

65

Kyoto - threat or opportunity?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Australia has the potential to be a significant net exporter of emission credits during the first Kyoto commitment period, 2008-2012. This is one of the conclusions from an analysis of Australia's largest greenhouse gas inventory and its implications under alternative policy settings. 1 fig.

Beck, T.; Gray, M. [Australasian Emissions Trading Forum (AETF), Braddon, ACT (Australia)

2003-11-01

66

Kyotos helte og skurke  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

USA blev på Kyoto-konferencen i december kritiseret af energi- og miljøminister Svend Auken for at ville tjene på et globalt CO2-marked. Men håndhæves dette effektivt af FN, kommer det alle til gode. Et globalt CO2-marked kan blive et banebrydende styringsmiddel, som kan løse globale miljøproblemer i fremtiden. Udgivelsesdato: 7. januar

Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

1998-01-01

67

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (MD Anderson) was established by the Texas State Legislature in 1941. In 1971, after the passage of the National Cancer Act, MD Anderson became one of the nation’s first NCI-designated comprehensive cancer centers.

68

77 FR 59660 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Stanford University Archaeology Center, Stanford, CA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Inventory Completion: Stanford University Archaeology Center, Stanford, CA AGENCY: National...SUMMARY: The Stanford University Archaeology Center has completed an inventory of...may contact the Stanford University Archaeology Center. Repatriation of the human...

2012-09-28

69

Operation and management of University reactor centers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Since the 1970s, an appreciable number of researach reactors at universities as well as national institutes has been closed down. It this trend continues, it will become detrimental for maintaining scientific competence in fields such as reactor physics and nuclear engineering and the education in these fields. Moreover, it will be a limiting factor for the further development of reactor associated research techniques. Therefore, th4 facilities still in operation have to develop strategies aimed at ensuring their activities and at further development of reactor and associated experimental facilities. Key aspects of such strategies will be discussed. 1 refs.; 6 tabs

1996-01-01

70

Smartphone use at a university health science center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article describes the results of a survey of library patrons conducted by librarians and information technology specialists at the Health Science Center Libraries at the University of Florida. The purpose of the survey was to learn if and how library patrons were using smartphones to perform their work-related tasks and how patrons felt the library could support smartphone use at the Health Science Center.

Bushhousen E; Norton HF; Butson LC; Auten B; Jesano R; David D; Tennant MR

2013-01-01

71

THE OUTPATIENTS? SATISFACTION AT TWO HEALTH CENTERS OF A UNIVERSITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To determine the outpatients? satisfaction at two health center of a university. Materials and methods: In this descriptive study, 40 % of the patients participated out of 980 patients who applied to the health centers within a week. Results: The majority of the participants were between 20-24 ages. The patients who applied for examination were 71.4% and 79.6% respectively for the first and the second health centers. One of four of the patients were not satisfied with the working hours of both centers. 52.6 % of the patients in the first and 59.7% of the patients in the second health center told that no preventive messages were given by the physcians. 69.3% of the applicants of the first center stated that they were generally satisfied with the health care given where as this percent was 80.6 for the second student health center. General satisfaction was higher for the second health center (p=0.01) and higher percent of the students would prefer the II. Health center for their families (p=0.000). Recommendations: A standard student satisfaction form developed and evaluated regularly for these health centers may be helpful to improve the health care services. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2005; 4(1.000): 25-36

Songul Acar VAIZOÐLU; N. Ercument BEYHUN; Fusun CAKMAK; Sibel DOÐAN; Sozen DOÐAN; Sebnem EREN; Serdar KIRIKKANAT; Ismail ERSAN; Cagatay GULER

2005-01-01

72

Operations improvement and reengineering at Ohio State University Medical Center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Rising costs and increasing competition have forced hospitals to respond to the needs of their customers. At Ohio State University Medical Center, operations improvement and reengineering are being used to redesign processes and to position the medical center competitively in today's changing environment. An operations improvement team identified business processes with the greatest opportunity for positive impact based on the goals of the medical center. Next, these areas were prioritized and teams appointed to begin the reengineering process. Reengineering methods focused on specific outcomes, including improved patient satisfaction, reduced cost, and improved clinical and service quality. Throughout the process, the goals and successes of reengineering were communicated to the organization and community.

Marsh G; Guanciale T; Simon M

1995-08-01

73

Educational Technology Center at the University of California, Irvine.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the history, philosophy, and outcomes of work at the Educational Technology Center at the University of California, Irvine, with particular emphasis on the activities of the Physics Computer Development Project. Ten years of evolution for the physics projects and its basis of grant support are examined, and a series of…

Bork, Alfred

74

Integrating Mindfulness Meditation within a University Counseling Center Setting  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper documents the development of a mindfulness meditation component within a University Counseling Center setting. The specific focus is upon the inclusion of meditation as it pertains to both organizational structure and psychotherapy training. The integration of a meditation practice into any organization is a slow process that poses…

Kurash, Cheryl; Schaul, Jonathan

2006-01-01

75

The value of a writing center at a medical university.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Students often enter graduate healthcare/biomedical schools with insufficient undergraduate instruction in effective writing, yet the ability to write well affects their career opportunities in health care and in scientific research. PURPOSE: The present study was conducted to determine the value and effectiveness of instruction by faculty with expertise in teaching writing at a writing center at an academic health science center. METHODS: Two separate sources of data were collected and analyzed. First, an anonymous campus-wide survey assessed students' satisfaction and utilization of the university's Writing Center. Second, a nonexperimental objective study was conducted comparing a subsample of students who used versus those who did not receive instruction at the Writing Center on quality of writing, as determined by an evaluator who was blind to students' utilization status. RESULTS: From the campus-wide survey, more than 90% of respondents who used the center (which was 26% of the student body) agreed that it was a valuable and effective resource. From the objective study of writing quality, students who used the Writing Center were twice as likely as students who did not to receive an A grade on the written assignment, and the blinded evaluator accurately estimated which students used the Writing Center based on the clarity of writing. CONCLUSIONS: The instruction at the Writing Center at our university is highly valued by students, and its value is further supported by objective evidence of efficacy. Such a center offers the opportunity to provide instruction that medical and other healthcare students increasingly need without requiring additions to existing curricula. By developing competency in writing, students prepare for scholarly pursuits, and through the process of writing, they engage critical thinking skills that can make them more attuned to narrative and more reflective and empathetic in the clinical setting.

Ariail J; Thomas S; Smith T; Kerr L; Richards-Slaughter S; Shaw D

2013-04-01

76

Kyoto and other tales  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The worsening ecological crisis, as part of the multidimensional crisis, was in the limelight again this week when the Kyoto protocol came into force among futile, if not disorientating, celebrations by the ‘progressive’ part of the transnational elite. Some 141 countries - which account for about 55% of greenhouse gas emissions thought by most experts to be the cause of drastic climatic change - have ratified the treaty, which pledges to cut these emissions by 5.2% by 2012. Still, the USA and Australia, which, together with China and India in the periphery, are mainly responsible for the remaining 45% of the greenhouse gas emissions, have put themselves outside the treaty’s framework, assigning greater priority to the market economy’s dynamic and its complement, the growth economy[1], rather than to the threatening climatic disaster.

Takis Fotopoulos

2005-01-01

77

Climate policy after Kyoto  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto Convention recommends reductions in emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases, to mitigate the rate of climate change. Lively debate has taken place in many countries, not least over the political and economic implications. The basis for the Kyoto discussions was a set of studies commissioned, compiled and published by the UN's International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). At first glance this scientific foundation plainly shows that significant climate change will occur unless emissions of greenhouse gases are sharply curtailed. On closer examination, the scientific evidence provided in the IPCC material is far from clear. Reputable scientists have expressed critical views about the interpretation of the scientific results and, even more, of the way the material is being used for policy purposes. The main purpose of this book is to voice this critique. To give the reader some context, a central section from the IPCC's basic document is presented first. There follow nine papers, by prominent natural and social scientists, in which the reasons for their sceptical attitudes are developed. A final paper by Professor Bert Bolin, chairman of the IPCC during the time when most of the material was produced, provides a response and commentary to the critique. The aim of the editor and authors, in presenting the material in this way, rather than as a polemical tract, is to leave open to the reader the question: Is global warming a consequence of man's activities, or are there other reasons; if so, is adopting policies with significant economic consequences, a reasonable response? (Author)

2002-01-01

78

The Greenville Hospital System University Medical Center Department of Surgery.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Despite its modest surgical heritage, the Greenville Hospital System University Medical Center Department of Surgery has evolved into a progressive, academic hybrid, well-suited to deliver mission-based surgical care to an expanding regional population. It not only is well positioned clinically, academically, and financially to successfully implement organized processes to improve quality and control cost, but is also well positioned to assume financial accountability for these outcomes in the future.

Taylor SM

2009-11-01

79

University Reactor Conversion Lessons Learned Workshop for Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center Reactor  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objectives of this meeting were to capture the observations, insights, issues, concerns, and ideas of those involved in the Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center (TAMU NSC) TRIGA Reactor Conversion so that future efforts can be conducted with greater effectiveness, efficiency, and with fewer challenges. This workshop was held in conjunction with a similar workshop for the University of Florida Reactor Conversion. Some of the generic lessons from that workshop are included in this report for completeness.

Eric C. Woolstenhulme; Dana M. Meyer

2007-04-01

80

Kyoto at the North Sea; Kyoto aan de Noordzee  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A brief overview is given of how local governments in the Netherlands can translate decisions, taken or recommendations formulated at the Rio and the Kyoto conference on climatic change, into energy saving measures for their own local situation

Didde, R. [ed.

1997-12-01

 
 
 
 
81

University of Colorado at Boulder: Discovery Learning Center (DLC)  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Colorado at Boulder established the Engineering Center Complex in order to support Discovery Learning, a project in which "undergraduates work alongside graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, faculty, and industry representatives, as collaborative partners on original research." Summer research internships and other opportunities are also available for the K-12 community. The website devotes significant attention to the (elaborate) Discovery Learning Center (DLC) building design by including Architectural Diagrams and Floorplans and a photo gallery of the facility. The DLC is "designed to support vertically integrated research teams working on interdisciplinary projects, ranging from genomics-based research to the latest in space experiments." The Research section provides links to the websites of the eleven projects within this facility: Biotechnology/Biomaterials Discovery Laboratory, Center for Drinking Water Optimization, Center for LifeLong Learning and Design, Colorado Center for Information Storage, Colorado Space Grant Consortium, Coleman Computing Discovery House, Interdisciplinary Telecommunications Systems Laboratory, Small Communicating Computer Laboratory, Space Experiments Institute, Micro/Nano Electro- Mechanical Systems, and BP 3-D Visualization Laboratory Biotech/Biolab.

82

76 FR 37191 - Notice of Competition for University Transportation Centers (UTC) Program Grants  

Science.gov (United States)

...for University Transportation Centers (UTC) Program Grants AGENCY: Research and Innovative...for University Transportation Centers (UTC) Program grants for the purpose of performing...other research activities of RITA. The UTC Program will adhere to the structure...

2011-06-24

83

Climate policy after Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The basis for discussions leading to the Kyoto Protocol was a set of studies commissioned, compiled and published by the UN's International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). At first glance this scientific foundation plainly shows that significant climate change will occur unless emissions of greenhouse gases are sharply curtailed. On closer examination, the scientific evidence provided in the IPCC material is far from clear. Reputable scientists have expressed critical views about the interpretation of the scientific results and, even more of the way the material is being used for policy purposes. The main purpose of this book is to voice this critique. To give the reader some context, a central section from the IPCC's basic document is presented first. There follow nine papers, by prominent natural and social scientists, in which the reasons for their sceptical attitudes are developed. A final paper by Professor Bert Bolin, chairman of the IPCC during the time when most of the material was produced, provides a response and commentary to the critique.

Gerholm, T.R. [ed.

1999-11-01

84

Kyoto target: scenarios and evaluations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

How far the Kyoto target is for the different countries? Which countries are in a very weak position? Are the efforts required to the different countries similar? The analysis, focusing on 15 industrialised countries, links CO2 emissions to four main variables and proposes five attainability scenarios. The results show the existence of strong differences among countries, some of which are called to extraordinary improvements of their energy-environmental efficiency in order to respect the Kyoto constraint.

1998-01-01

85

Oklahoma State University proposed Advanced Technology Research Center. Environmental Assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) evaluating the construction and equipping of the proposed Advanced Technology Research Center (ATRC) at Oklahoma State University (OSU) in Stillwater, Oklahoma. Based on the analysis in the EA, the DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement is not required.

NONE

1995-06-01

86

Cancer Research Institute, Loma Linda University Medical Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) DOE/EA-0975, evaluating the construction, equipping and operation of the Cancer Research Institute (CRI) at the Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC) on its campus in Loma Linda, California. Based on the analysis in the EA, the DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement is not required. This document describes alternatives, the affected environment and environmental consequences of the proposed action.

NONE

1994-08-01

87

A Crucial Dipole Test of the Expansion Center Universe  

CERN Document Server

The expansion center Universe gives a dipole anisotropy to the Hubble law, at any Hubble depth D. After a long series of successful dipole tests on the nearby Universe, using historic data sets of about half a century, and that carried out on 53 SCP SNe Ia ranging around the average redshift =0.5 (ECM paper VI: SAIt2004 in Milan), here is a crucial multiple dipole test at z bins centred on the mean =1.0, or Hubble depth D=c/H0, and based on data from SCP Union compilation (SCPU: Kowalski et al. 2008) and SCP Union2 (SCPU2: Amanullah et al. 2010), including those obtained within "The new wedge-shaped Hubble diagram of 398 SCP supernovae..." (ECM paper IX: SAIt2010 in Naples). Table 5abc lists data of two main samples, with 48 SCPU SNe Ia and 58 SCPU2 SNe Ia respectively. The confirmed dipole anisotropy, shown by 6 primary sample tests and by another 27 from 9 encapsulated z bins with D=DL/(1+z), gives a model independent result, in full accordance with the expansion center model. This means a maximum cz range ...

Lorenzi, Luciano

2011-01-01

88

Reaction rate analyses for an accelerator-driven system with 14 MeV neutrons in the Kyoto University critical assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neutron spectrum experiments on the Accelerator-Driven System (ADS) are conducted by combining a critical assembly of a solid-moderated and solid-reflected core with a Cockcroft-Walton-type accelerator. Neutrons (14 MeV) generated from the accelerator are injected into a subcritical system and the reaction rates are measured by the foil activation method to obtain neutronic spectrum data. The numerical calculations are executed by MCNP-4C3 with JENDL-3.3 and JENDL/D-99 libraries to evaluate the reaction rates of activation foils set in the core center and at the target. In the present study, the measured and calculated (JENDL/D-99) reaction rates in all the activation foils at the target reveal around a difference of 10% in C/E values, while a bigger discrepancy between the results of the experiments and the calculations is observed in the center of the core. On the other hand, a special mention is made of the fact that the reaction rate analyses for the neutron spectrum in the subcritical systems demonstrate apparently subcriticality dependence on the C/E values. Based on these results, further improvement is anticipated in the reaction rates obtained by both the experiments and the MCNP-4C3 calculations, as well as in the effects of subcriticality and the nuclear data on reaction rate evaluation. (author)

2009-01-01

89

Joint development utility and university and utility and research center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper shows the background acquired by CEMIG in dealing with projects associated with R and D (Research and Development), carried out as a result of the establishment of contracts or governants with universities and research center for direct application on the solution of problems related to the operation of the system, within the scope of electrical operation planning. The various aspects of a project of this nature such as legal questions, characterization of a contract or a covenant, main developments and new opportunity areas should be covered. Finally the subject shall be dealt with under the Total Quality approach, involving the proposition of control items associated to the process and goals to be reached. (author) 7 refs., 2 figs.

Pinto, Roberto del Giudice R.; Valgas, Helio Moreira [Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais (CEMIG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

1994-12-31

90

Stanford University School of Medicine: Center for Narcolepsy  

Science.gov (United States)

Scientific studies of sleep patterns and behaviors have been around for decades, and the Stanford University Sleep Clinic was the first medical clinic established to examine sleep disorders. Since its founding, it has given rise to the Stanford Center for Narcolepsy. For visitors looking for information about their research and this illness, their website provides ample material. First-time visitors might do well to begin by reading the review essay, "A Hundred Years of Research", which provides some background on the ways in which researchers have explored the causes and etiology of this condition. Moving on, visitors can also learn about which medications are used to treat the condition, and also read about their innovative brain donation program.

91

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Annual Report covers the research activities and the technical developments of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, for the period from April 1989 to March 1990. Laborious but promising work of refreshing 12UD has continued throughout the year, in the intervals of the regular machine-time service. The terminal voltage of 12UD has gone beyond 12MV. At the time of writing this manuscript, 12UD is running up stably around 12.4MV, the loss current being essentially zero. She has recovered and further begins to flesh up without a surgical operation of grafting 'compressed tubes'. In the course of conditioning, the voltage has reached to 12.78MV. In spite of the considerable time consumed by the refreshing, the total machine-time has exceeded 2,000 hours. In addition to the improvement of 12UD, activities at the Center covered a wide area of research field, viz. 1) nuclear spectroscopy of transitional nuclei, 2) heavy ion fusion and fission processes, 3) polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions, 4) charge exchange process in atomic collisions, 5) application of energetic heavy ions investigating solid-state physics, and 6) effect of ion-irradiation on the fatigue properties of metal. Theoretical work pertinent to the nuclear structure is also included in this report. (author)

1990-01-01

92

The Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania  

Science.gov (United States)

Established in 1994, the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania conducts research on a variety of topics, including political communication, journalism, and the role of the media in the lives of developing children. With offices in Philadelphia and Washington, D.C., the Center is well poised to also disseminate its research findings to various governmental organizations and other policy groups. The siteÂs homepage provides direct link to some of their more recent work, which includes excerpts from a talk by National Intelligence Director John D. Negroponte and Geneva OverholserÂs compelling report, ÂOn Behalf of Journalism: A Manifesto for ChangeÂ. While visitors can just scroll down through the homepage to review these documents, they may also wish to click on the tabs near the top of the page to move directly to a thematic area of interest. The site is rounded out by a number of links to other Annenberg-sponsored sites, such as ÂJustice LearningÂ, which is a joint project sponsored by National Public Radio and the New York Times Learning Network.

93

Stanford University: Center for the Study of Language and Information  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI) "is devoted to research in the emerging science of information, computing, and cognition." This "new science" is an interdisciplinary project that developed through a shared interest among computer scientists, linguists, logicians, philosophers, psychologists, and artificial intelligence researchers "in how agents, whether biological or artificial, acquire, process, and convey information." The Center, initiated by researchers from Stanford, SRI International, and Xerox PARC, now also collaborates with researchers from other universities, laboratories, and companies around the world. The website provides information on projects from the Interface Laboratory and the Research in the Cognitive Sciences program. Projects from the Interface Laboratory "constitute a concerted effort at CSLI to address human/computer interface problems emerging in the world of telecommunications, information processing, and consumer electronics." Research in the Cognitive Sciences program addresses interdisciplinary projects that cover a range of topics in computer science, linguistics, logic and semantics, philosophy, psychology, and education. The Publications section includes proceedings from annual conferences, a few older technical reports, and a one-page summary of all publications, including several books available for purchase.

94

Accuracy of reaction rates in the accelerator-driven system with 14 MeV neutrons at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? Reaction rate experiments on ADS are conducted at the KUCA core with 14 MeV neutrons. ? The C/E values are found well within about 30% error in all foils up to 1.05 %?k/k. ? An improvement is observed in the accuracy, demonstrating the importance of material impurity. - Abstract: Reaction rate experiments on the accelerator-driven system (ADS) are conducted by combining a critical assembly of a solid-moderated and -reflected core with a pulsed neutron generator. Neutrons (14 MeV) generated from the accelerator are injected into a subcritical system and the reaction rates are measured by the foil activation method to obtain neutronic spectrum data. The numerical calculations are executed by MCNPX with ENDF/B-VI.8, JENDL-3.3 and JENDL/D-99 libraries to evaluate the reaction rates of activation foils set in the center of the core. For the ADS experiments with 14 MeV neutrons, the C/E values between the experiments and the calculations are found to be well within the relative difference of about 30% in all foils up to subcriticality 1.05%?k/k. The reaction rates do not depend on the subcriticality level in cases of 115In, 56Fe (purity 99.99%), 27Al, whereas subcriticality dependence is observed in 93Nb. In the critical experiments carried out in the A, B and C cores, special mention should be made of the remarkable effect of the composition rate of 56Fe material. Thus a remarkable improvement is observed in the accuracy of experimental and numerical reaction rates, demonstrating the importance of material impurity for subcritical experiments.

2012-01-01

95

Kyoto Protocol: What can Norway do.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Kyoto Protocol of 1997 regulates many issues, however, according to this document, much detailed work remains to be done, notably on rules and procedures for trading emission quotas and on joint implementations of climate measures. The Kyoto Protocol ...

K. H. Alfsen

1998-01-01

96

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA â?? CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY (UC-CEIN)  

Science.gov (United States)

EPA GRANT NUMBER: 0830117 Title: University of California â?? Center for Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology (UC-CEIN) Investigator: Andre E. Nel Institution: University of California - Los Angeles EPA Project Officer: Nor...

97

Promoting one health: the University of Missouri Research Center for Human/Animal Interaction.  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Missouri's College of Veterinary Medicine is home to the Research Center for Human-Animal Interaction. This center uniquely addresses a growing area of research that focuses on how the human-animal bond impacts health in people and animals. This article highlights the One Health basis for the center, several research projects, and future goals for the center. PMID:23829101

Johnson, Rebecca A

98

Cancer Research Center Indiana University School of Medicine  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to authorize the Indiana School of Medicine to proceed with the detailed design, construction and equipping of the proposed Cancer Research Center (CRC). A grant was executed with the University on April 21, 1992. A four-story building with basement would be constructed on the proposed site over a 24-month period. The proposed project would bring together, in one building, three existing hematology/oncology basic research programs, with improved cost-effectiveness through the sharing of common resources. The proposed site is currently covered with asphaltic pavement and is used as a campus parking lot. The surrounding area is developed campus, characterized by buildings, walkways, with minimal lawns and plantings. The proposed site has no history of prior structures and no evidence of potential sources of prior contamination of the soil. Environmental impacts of construction would be limited to minor increases in traffic, and the typical noises associated with standard building construction. The proposed CRC project operation would involve the use radionuclides and various hazardous materials in conducting clinical studies. Storage, removal and disposal of hazardous wastes would be managed under existing University programs that comply with federal and state requirements. Radiological safety programs would be governed by Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) license and applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations. There are no other NEPA reviews currently active which are in relationship to this proposed site. The proposed project is part of a Medical Campus master plan and is consistent with applicable local zoning and land use requirements.

1994-08-01

99

Cancer Research Center Indiana University School of Medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to authorize the Indiana School of Medicine to proceed with the detailed design, construction and equipping of the proposed Cancer Research Center (CRC). A grant was executed with the University on April 21, 1992. A four-story building with basement would be constructed on the proposed site over a 24-month period. The proposed project would bring together, in one building, three existing hematology/oncology basic research programs, with improved cost-effectiveness through the sharing of common resources. The proposed site is currently covered with asphaltic pavement and is used as a campus parking lot. The surrounding area is developed campus, characterized by buildings, walkways, with minimal lawns and plantings. The proposed site has no history of prior structures and no evidence of potential sources of prior contamination of the soil. Environmental impacts of construction would be limited to minor increases in traffic, and the typical noises associated with standard building construction. The proposed CRC project operation would involve the use radionuclides and various hazardous materials in conducting clinical studies. Storage, removal and disposal of hazardous wastes would be managed under existing University programs that comply with federal and state requirements. Radiological safety programs would be governed by Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) license and applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations. There are no other NEPA reviews currently active which are in relationship to this proposed site. The proposed project is part of a Medical Campus master plan and is consistent with applicable local zoning and land use requirements

1994-01-01

100

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report covers the work carried out at the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, during fiscal year 1984. The 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator was operated very stably. In addition, the heavy ion post accelerator with interdigital-H structure has worked well, providing additional energy of 2 MeV per charge for heavy ions. The constructions of a new Lamb-shift polarized ion source, a multi-computer control system for the ion sources of the UTTA, an electrostatic inflection system of incident ions for the UTTA, a new beam bunching system, and a new SF6 gas handling system were under way. The development and performance test of various radiation detector systems were carried out. Two thirds of the research works were performed by using the beam from the Lamb-shift polarized ion source (PIS). A newly constructed fast spin state interchange control system for the PIS made polarization experiment more effective and accurate. The research activities in the fields of nuclear physics, atomic and solid state physics, and biology and medical science are reported. (Kako, I.)

1985-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

 An Audit of Hypertension at University Health Center in Oman  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available  Objectives: To audit the documentation of medical care provided to hypertensive patients and to evaluate the management of hypertension in a primary healthcare center, Family Medicine Staff Clinic, Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) in Oman.Methods: An audit of electronic medical records (EMR) was carried out during 2007and 2008 on a representative sample of 150 patients, selected randomly using a simple randomization method. The mean age of the patients was 54.8 /- 9.9 years. The majority were Omanis; 53.3?0were female, 46.7?0were male. All patients’ records were reviewed for proper recording in a pre designed structured form. Re-auditing was done in 2008. McNemar’s test was used to compare data in 2007 with data in 2008.Results: Age, gender, blood pressure recording, renal function tests, and lipid levels were sufficiently recorded (>75?20in the computer system. Histories of pertinent symptoms and smoking history were poorly recorded (<1? Fifty-five percent of the hypertensive patients were sufficiently controlled (BP<140/90). There were significant differences between 2007 and 2008 with respect to documentation and recording of pertinent symptoms (p<0.001) and renal function tests (p=0.026).Conclusion: Conducting an audit of EMR is essential to evaluate clinical performance and to determine what changes should be made to improve quality of care. There was significant improvement in documentation of pertinent symptoms in the second audit.

Thuraya Ahmed Al-Shidhani; Kamlesh Bhargava; Syed Rizvi

2011-01-01

102

Texas A&M University Industrial Assessment Center Final Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This project benefited the public by assisting manufacturing plants in the United States to save costly energy resources and become more profitable. Energy equivalent to over 75,000 barrels of oil was conserved. The Texas A&M University Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) visited 96 manufacturing plants and spent 101 days in those plants during the contract period from August 9, 2002, through November 30, 2006. Recommended annual energy savings for manufacturers were 37,400,000 kWh (127,600 MMBtu—site basis) of electricity and 309,000 MCF (309,000 MMBtu) of natural gas. Each manufacturer subsequently was surveyed, and based on these surveys reportedly implemented 79% of the electricity savings and 36% of the natural gas savings for an overall energy savings of 48% of recommended. Almost 800 (798) projects were recommended to manufacturers, and they accomplished two-thirds of the projects. Cost savings recommended were $12.3 million and implemented savings were $5.7 million or 47%. During the contract period our average time between site visit and report submittal averaged 46 days; and decreased from 48 days in 2003 to 44 days in 2006. Serving clients well and promptly has been a priority. We visited five ESA overflow clients during FY 06. The Texas A&M University IAC pioneered the presentation of air pollution information in reports, and includes NOx and CO2 reductions due to energy savings in all reports. We also experimented with formal PowerPoint BestPractices presentations called Lunchtime/Showtime in each plant and with delivering electronic versions of the report. During the period of the contract, the director served on the Texas Industries of the Future (IOF) Refining and Chemicals Committee, which oversaw the showcases in 2003 and 2006. The assistant director was the Executive Director of the International Energy Technology Conference held annually. The director and assistant director became qualified specialists in the Process Heating Assessment Scoping Tool and the Steam System Scoping Tool, respectively. Research was performed relating to energy conservation and IAC needs, resulting in a paper presented at the ACEEE meeting in 2005, and an internet software tool through the Texas IOF office.

Heffington, Warren M.; Eggebrecht, James A.

2007-02-24

103

Globalization, transportation and Kyoto; Globalisatie, transport en Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Globalization of the economy will probably coincide with more transport, as a result of which the environmental burden will increase. Thus, the Kyoto standards will be difficult to realize. Based on four economic scenarios with different levels of globalization insight is gained into the possible consequences of future developments (economic development, investment, consumption, (regional) specializations, and trade up to 2020) in the transportation sector, focusing on the Netherlands. Those developments have been made concrete by means of the Worldscan model, developed by the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB). 8 refs.

Rodenburg, C.A.; Ubbels, B. [Afdeling Ruimtelijke Economie, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Nijkamp, P. [Economische Faculteit, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

2000-12-08

104

Peripheries and Centers: Research Universities in Developing Countries  

Science.gov (United States)

|The research university is a central institution of the twenty-first century--providing access to global science, producing basic and applied research, and educating leaders of the academe and society. Worldwide, there are very few research universities--they are expensive to develop and support, and the pressures of massification have placed…

Altbach, Philip G.

2009-01-01

105

Kyoto meeting with vague outcome  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

While agreements were made to reduce greenhouse gases in Kyoto, such agreements varied widely in their effects. Europe and the USA are to reduce their emissions, while Australia, Ireland and Norway are allowed to raise theirs. Since emissions have already fallen in comparison with 1990 figures the extra to be achieved is only 0.6%. Emissions trading will also lessen the impact of the agreement on the USA, Canada and Japan as they buy permits off the Russian Federation. It is also difficult to see when the protocol will come into force. 2 refs.

Elvingson, P.

1998-03-01

106

Food Safety Grants: University of Mississippi National Center ...  

Science.gov (United States)

... Applicants must have a valid Dun and Bradstreet Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number in order to begin each of the following registrations. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/newsevents/foodsafetygrants

107

University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center  

Science.gov (United States)

... Doing Business Vendors & Suppliers Partners & Affiliates State of Texas State of Texas Home Page Statewide Search (TRAIL) State Comptroller - Where the Money Goes Texas Homeland Security The University of Texas System Institution ...

108

Key elements of Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A Kyoto Protocol was adopted on December 11, 1997 at the Third Conference of the Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change. The agreement on the legally binding protocol called for industrialized countries to reduce their collective emissions of six greenhouse gases to 5.2 per cent below 1990 emission levels between the years 2008 and 2012. The 5.2 per cent reduction in total developed country emissions will be realized through targets for national reductions ranging from 8 per cent to 10 per cent. Canada`s binding target is a reduction of 6 per cent. The six major greenhouses gases are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride. The right for parties to trade emissions reductions credits to meet their commitments was included in the protocol. This mechanism was seen as a good way to share the burden of global emissions while keeping costs down. It was recognized that the response to the Kyoto Protocol will require the participation of all levels of government, the public sector, the private sector, and non-government organizations. The agreement permits national flexibility on the means to implement commitments, meaning that countries retain full flexibility to pursue those policies and measures which, while adequate to achieve commitments are, at the same time, most appropriate for specific national circumstances.

Irish, J. [Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

1998-09-01

109

Climate change : Kyoto and beyond  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The commitment undertaken by Canada at Kyoto means an effective reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of between 20 and 25 per cent from current levels. The inclusion of emissions trading among developed countries was considered an important first step. The importance of the roles of the federal and provincial governments in enforcing the assumed commitment was emphasized. Unfortunately, the Kyoto Protocol failed to bring about meaningful involvement from the developing world, even though it is recognized that in the longer term no global effort in greenhouse gas emission reduction can be successful without developing world involvement. For Canada to achieve the commitments undertaken, there is great need for a portfolio of stringent measures and new and innovative policy approaches since the voluntary action plans that are currently in place are not enough to address climate change. From the point of view of the Canadian Wind Energy Association (CanWEA) the most important next steps in the near term were more stress on the climate change benefits of wind energy, an effective marketing strategy for green power, working towards changes to the tax system, and the effective use of economic instruments. Clarification of the issues surrounding emission trading was also considered important.

Hornung, R. [Pembina Institute, Calgary, AB (Canada)

1997-12-31

110

75 FR 1681 - University Transportation Centers (UTC) Program Grants (49 U.S.C. 5506); Suspension of Competitions  

Science.gov (United States)

...Administration University Transportation Centers (UTC) Program Grants (49 U.S.C. 5506...its University Transportation Centers (UTC) Program grants (49 USC 5506) pending...future grants. DATES: Dates for future UTC competitions are not known at this...

2010-01-12

111

The history of neurological surgery at rush university medical center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The history of neurosurgery at Rush University is tightly linked to the emergence of neurological surgery in the city of Chicago. Rush Medical College (RMC) was chartered in 1837 and in 1898 began an affiliation with the newly founded University of Chicago (UC), which proceeded to full union in 1923 as the Rush Medical College of the University of Chicago (RMC/UC). Percival Bailey founded neurosurgery at the RMC/UC and started a neurosurgery training program at the South Side campus in 1928. In 1935, Adrien Ver Brugghen started the first neurosurgical training program at the West Side campus at the Presbyterian Hospital/RMC. The major alliances with RMC have involved the Cook County Hospital, the Presbyterian Hospital, the UC, the University of Illinois, and St. Luke's Hospital. Those affiliations significantly shaped Rush neurosurgery. The RMC/UC union was dissolved in 1941, and an affiliation was formed with the University of Illinois in Chicago (UI). In 1959, Eric Oldberg, the founder and Chairman of Neurosurgery at the UI, became the next chairman of neurosurgery at Presbyterian-St. Luke's Hospital, incorporating it into the UI program. He was succeeded in 1970 by Walter Whisler, who founded the first independent and board-approved neurosurgery residency program in 1972 at the newly reactivated Rush Medical College. Whisler was chairman until 1999, when Leonard Cerullo, founder of the Chicago Institute of Neurosurgery and Neuroresearch, became chairman at Rush. Richard Byrne, appointed in 2007, is the current chairman of the Rush University neurosurgery department.

Boco T; Jobe KW; O'Leary ST; Byrne RW; Whisler WW

2010-10-01

112

Center on Religion and Democracy at the University of Virginia  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the Center on Religion and Democracy is "to provide timely and empirically ground scholarship that stimulates public learning, strengthens public policy considerations, and helps religious communities themselves re-envision a constructive role in the public square of democracy." Given this ambitious mission, it is not surprising that their site offers a wide range of materials detailing their own scholarly and public activities, coupled with influential primary texts that deal with the ordering of public life and its intersection with religion. Information in the first two sections of the site give visitors a brief overview of the academic and professional staff working at the center and the Center's partnerships with organizations such as the Etext and Pew Centers. The third section of the site deals with the public outreach programs of the Center, including conferences, lectures, and information for potential fellows. Perhaps most compelling is the Library section of the site that offers a searchable archive of crucial texts dealing with social theory, religion, and legal questions. Finally, these documents (which include the Confessions of St. Augustine, John Locke's Two Treatises on Government, and many others) are available in several different formats, including for use with PDAs.

113

Kyoto Protocol: trade versus the environment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Could the signatories to the Kyoto Protocol find themselves up against the WTO? This paper examines how the climate change agreement could conflict with trade rules, and shows that there are potentially serious conflicts in the interface between the WTO and the Kyoto Protocol. It argues for dialogue and debate before it is too late. (author)

Loose, H.

2001-07-01

114

The Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland: the first complementary and alternative medicine center in a US medical school  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract: The Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland was founded in 1991 and was the first center dedicated to evaluating complementary and alternative medicine at a US medical school. The center has been a National Institutes of Health center of excellence since 1995 focused on evaluating the efficacy, safety and mechanism of action of traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, and mind-body modalities including Qigong and mindfulness meditation. The Center functions as an interdisciplinary center in the university and is composed of four main areas—research, patient care, informatics, and education—that mutually enhance each other and create a cohesive unit. The Center has recently increased its international collaboration on acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine research, particularly with universities in China such as Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and other TCM universities.

Lixing LAO

2008-01-01

115

Energy Efficient Service Delivery in Clouds in Compliance with the Kyoto Protocol  

CERN Multimedia

Cloud computing is revolutionizing the ICT landscape by providing scalable and efficient computing resources on demand. The ICT industry - especially data centers, are responsible for considerable amounts of CO2 emissions and will very soon be faced with legislative restrictions, such as the Kyoto protocol, defining caps at different organizational levels (country, industry branch etc.) A lot has been done around energy efficient data centers, yet there is very little work done in defining flexible models considering CO2. In this paper we present a first attempt of modeling data centers in compliance with the Kyoto protocol. We discuss a novel approach for trading credits for emission reductions across data centers to comply with their constraints. CO2 caps can be integrated with Service Level Agreements and juxtaposed to other computing commodities (e.g. computational power, storage), setting a foundation for implementing next-generation schedulers and pricing models that support Kyoto-compliant CO2 trading ...

Lucanin, Drazen; Mastelic, Toni; Brandic, Ivona

2012-01-01

116

Kyoto protocol: the unfinished agenda  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The groups and negotiations at the Third Conference of Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change in Kyoto are described. The lobbying groups included: the fossil fuel industry; the environmentalist groups. the Europeans; the Developing world; and the USA. The compromise reached. The author considered that all countries should be involved in the reduction of emissions, but this may best be done by transferring highly efficient new technologies to developing countries, thus leapfrogging the older highly polluting type of plant. Funds for the leapfrogging could best be provide by carbon taxes, permits would not raise revenue in the same way. Carbon taxes could also be used to fund environmental protection or restoration initiatives. Any new institutions should be flexible in their approach. 46 refs.

1998-01-01

117

Kyoto protocol: the unfinished agenda  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The groups and negotiations at the Third Conference of Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change in Kyoto are described. The lobbying groups included: the fossil fuel industry; the environmentalist groups. the Europeans; the Developing world; and the USA. The compromise reached. The author considered that all countries should be involved in the reduction of emissions, but this may best be done by transferring highly efficient new technologies to developing countries, thus leapfrogging the older highly polluting type of plant. Funds for the leapfrogging could best be provide by carbon taxes, permits would not raise revenue in the same way. Carbon taxes could also be used to fund environmental protection or restoration initiatives. Any new institutions should be flexible in their approach. 46 refs.

Schneider, S.H. [Stanford University, Stanford, CA (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences

1998-05-01

118

Natural disturbances and Kyoto protocol  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A recent letter published in Nature (Kurz et al. 2008a) reports an outbreak of mountain pine beetles in British Columbia, destroying millions of trees; according to the authors, by 2020, the beetles will have done so much damage that the forest is expected to release more carbon dioxide than it absorbs. All those natural disturbances could overwhelmed all the efforts made by Canada to influence the carbon balance through forest management. Considering that Canada decided not to elect forest management within the Kyoto Protocol, it is clear that future climate mitigation agreements, aimed to encourage changes in forest management, should account for and protect against the impacts of natural disturbances.

Teobaldelli M

2008-01-01

119

Predicting Early Center Care Utilization in a Context of Universal Access  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports predictors for center care utilization prior to 18 months of age in Norway, a country with a welfare system providing up to one-year paid parental leave and universal access to subsidized and publicly regulated center care. A community sample of 1103 families was interviewed about demographics, family, and child characteristics…

Zachrisson, Henrik Daae; Janson, Harald; Naerde, Ane

2013-01-01

120

Final Technical Report for University of Michigan Industrial Assessment Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The UM Industrial Assessment Center assisted 119 primary metals, automotive parts, metal casting, chemicals, forest products, agricultural, and glass manufacturers in Michigan, Ohio and Indiana to become more productive and profitable by identifying and recommending specific measures to improve energy efficiency, reduce waste and increase productivity. This directly benefits the environment by saving a total of 309,194 MMBtu of energy resulting in reduction of 0.004 metric tons of carbon emissions. The $4,618,740 implemented cost savings generated also saves jobs that are evaporating from the manufacturing industries in the US. Most importantly, the UM Industrial Assessment Center provided extremely valuable energy education to forty one UM graduate and undergraduate students. The practical experience complements their classroom education. This also has a large multiplier effect because the students take the knowledge and training with them.

Atreya, Arvind

2007-04-17

 
 
 
 
121

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE CONTINUING EDUCATION CENTERS AT TURKISH UNIVERSITIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ABSTRACT Continuing education centers mainly organize activities for the society in the fields that have gained importance on the improvement of individuals with a view of career building, improving professional knowledge and skills, achieving new skills and supplying individual development needs. Such centers have been established within universities through the principle of making continuing education accessible to everyone as a starting point for a lifelong learning process. These centers which aim at providing continuing education, implement more flexible programs compared to those executed at higher education institutions. In this study, the structure and functions of Continuing Education Centers at Turkish Universities are investigated. The scope of the study includes all the centers that have web pages established under state and public universities in Turkey. Data pertaining to structure and functions of the centers meeting this criterion, the number of which is 43 in total comprising 34 state and 9 private universities, have been evaluated. As a result of the study it was discovered that these centers had very similar foundation principles and organizational structures.

Mehmet Metin ARSLAN

2008-01-01

122

How to make progress post-Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document provides papers presented during the workshop on ''how to make progress post-Kyoto'', hold at the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) in Paris on march 19, 2003. The following topics were presented: reflections on Kyoto, guidance for the future, how to make progress post-kyoto, the lessons from the past; the Bonn voyage; US climate policy after Kyoto, elements of success; preparing for widening and deepening the kyoto protocol; capping emissions and costs; absolute versus intensity-based emissions caps; intensity targets in perspective; negotiating commitments for further emission reductions; exploring new tools; defining meaningful participation of developing countries in climate change mitigation; economic and environmental effectiveness of a technology-based climate regime; US participation in the linkage between research and development and climate cooperation; designing a technology strategy; ''greening'' economic development; some critical comments post-Kyoto; the foreign policy perspective of climate negotiations; Kyoto and the double spiral; burden-sharing rules for stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations and their equity implications. (A.L.B.)

NONE

2003-07-01

123

IR-FEL research center at Tokyo University of Science  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Device, light properties and researches of Mid-Infrared-Free Electron Laser (MIR-FEL) at Tokyo University of Science are explained. Outline, the outside appearance of MIR-FEL device, electron source, and formation of electron beam are described. Parameters of MIR-FEL device and the light properties are shown. As examples of researches using IR-FEL, vibration excitation of CO molecules, vibration excitation of the ?2 mode of NH3, isomer separation of bis(trifluoromethyl)benzene, and photoinduced process of solid aromatic compounds such as anthracene, tetracene and perylene are reported. (S.Y.)

2006-01-01

124

PREFACE: Beyond Kyoto - the necessary road  

Science.gov (United States)

The Beyond Kyoto conference in Aarhus March 2009 was organised in collaboration with other knowledge institutions, businesses and authorities. It brought together leading scientists, policy-makers, authorities, intergovernmental organisations, NGO's, business stakeholders and business organisations. The conference was a joint interdisciplinary project involving many academic areas and disciplines. These conference proceedings are organised in central and recurring themes that cut across many debates on climate change, the climatic challenges as well as the solutions. In the front there is a short presentation of the conference concept. Part I of the proceedings focuses on issues related to the society - covering climate policy, law, market based instruments, financial structure, behaviour and consumption, public participation, media communication and response from indigenous peoples etc. Part II of the proceedings concerns the scientific knowledge base on climate related issues - covering climate change processes per se, the potential impacts of projected climate change on biodiversity and adaptation possibilities, the interplay between climate, agriculture and biodiversity, emissions, agricultural systems, increasing pressure on the functioning of agriculture and natural areas, vulnerability to extreme weather events and risks in respect to sea-level rise etc. The conference proceedings committee consists of four professors from Aarhus University: Jens-Christian Svenning, Jørgen E Olesen, Mads Forchhammer and Ellen Margrethe Basse. Aarhus University's Climate Secretariat has had the overall responsibility for coordinating the many presentations, as well as the practical side of arranging the conference and supporting the publication of papers. As Head of the Climate Secretariat and Chair of Aarhus University's Climate Panel, I would like to thank everyone for their contribution. This applies both to the scientific and the practical efforts. Special thanks to Project Manager Henrik Dalgaard for his excellent editorial services and to stud.mag. Nanna Katrine Lüders Kaalund for her practical assistance with the proceedings. The European Commission under the Regional Development Fund has funded the conference and the publication of the proceedings.

Margrethe Basse, Ellen

2009-03-01

125

University of Kentucky, Center for Applied Energy Research 2002  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The annual report of the Center for Applied Energy Research for the fiscal year 2000/2001 describes research projects carried out during the year and gives a financial summary of income and expenditure. It reports organizational changes, research programs, technology transfer and service, and outside participation. Research reported includes work on: Fischer-Tropsch catalysis; developing a membrane process for purification of hydrogen demand from fossil fuel for use in a fuel cell; recovery of wasted fuel and aggregates from coal combustion waste ponds; establishing guidelines for allowable amounts of ammonia in fly ash and establishing diffusion of ammonia out of concrete; studying whether ammonia reacts with fly ash components to form salts; evaluation of techniques for remaining hazardous air pollutants from coal before combustion; producing carbon nanotubes (as an alternative use for coal); producing pitch and chemicals from coal; and removing carbon dioxide from flue gas using nanotubes.

NONE

2002-07-01

126

Quantum Stephani Universe in vicinity of the symmetry center  

CERN Document Server

We study a class of spherically symmetric Stephani cosmological models in the presence of a self-interacting scalar field in both classical and quantum domains. We discuss the construction of `canonical' wave packets resulting from the solutions of a class of Wheeler-DeWitt equations in the Stephani Universe. We suggest appropriate initial conditions which result in wave packets containing some desirable properties, most importantly good classical and quantum correspondence. We also study the situation from de-Broglie Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics to recover the notion of time and compare the classical and Bohmian results. We exhibit that the usage of the canonical prescription and appropriate choices of expansion coefficients result in the suppression of the quantum potential and coincidence between classical and Bohmian results. We show that, in some cases, contrary to Friedmann-Robertson-Walker case, the bound state solutions also exist for all positive values of the cosmological constant.

Pedram, Pouria

2008-01-01

127

[Midodrine (Gutron) prescription practice at a University Hospital Center].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A historical study of the prescription of midodrine was carried out at the university hospital of Toulouse (France) between 1994 and 1998. The aim was to compare the observed prescriptions and the ideal prescriptions in accordance with the Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC). The analysis of 97 consecutive medical reports found discrepancies in prescription concerning the non-respect of contraindications and of potentially hazardous drug associations. Fifty-four (55.7 per cent) patients would have been excluded from prescription if the physicians had strictly respected the SPC. The inappropriate prescription of midodrine was associated with an increase in adverse drug reactions (ADRs). ADRs occurred in 34.0 per cent of cases overall and required drug discontinuation in 15.5 per cent.

Desboeuf K; Senard JM; Pavy-Le-Traon A; Brefel C; Clanet M; Géraud G; Montastruc JL

2000-09-01

128

[Midodrine (Gutron) prescription practice at a University Hospital Center].  

Science.gov (United States)

A historical study of the prescription of midodrine was carried out at the university hospital of Toulouse (France) between 1994 and 1998. The aim was to compare the observed prescriptions and the ideal prescriptions in accordance with the Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC). The analysis of 97 consecutive medical reports found discrepancies in prescription concerning the non-respect of contraindications and of potentially hazardous drug associations. Fifty-four (55.7 per cent) patients would have been excluded from prescription if the physicians had strictly respected the SPC. The inappropriate prescription of midodrine was associated with an increase in adverse drug reactions (ADRs). ADRs occurred in 34.0 per cent of cases overall and required drug discontinuation in 15.5 per cent. PMID:11201976

Desboeuf, K; Senard, J M; Pavy-Le-Traon, A; Brefel, C; Clanet, M; Géraud, G; Montastruc, J L

129

[Trends in interhospital transfers from a Swiss university hospital center].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Research on interhospital transfers provides a basis for describing and quantifying patient flow and its evolution over time, offering an insight into hospital organization and management and hospital overcrowding. The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative and quantitative analysis of patient flow and to examine trends over an eight-year period. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study of interhospital transfers was conducted between 2003 and 2011 based on an analysis of demographic, medical and operational characteristics. Ambulance transfers and transfers requiring physician assistance were analyzed separately. RESULTS: The number of interhospital transfers increased significantly over the study period,from 4,026 in 2003 to 6,481 in 2011 (+60.9%). The number of ambulance transfers increased by almost 300% (616 in 2003 compared to 2,460 in 2011). Most of the transfers (98%) were to hospitals located less than 75 km from the university hospital (median: 24 km, 5-44). In 2011, 24% of all transfers were to psychiatric institutions. 26% of all transfer cases were direct transfers from the emergency department. An increasing number of transfers required physician assistance. 18% of these patients required ventilatory support, whole 9.8% required vasoactive drugs. 11.6% of these transfers were due to hospital overcrowding. Conclusion: The study shows that there has been a significant increase in interhospital transfers. This increase is related to hospital overcrowding and to the network-based systems governing patient care strategies.

Carron PN; Meylan N; Yersin B; Wasserfallen JB; Vallotton L

2013-01-01

130

[Evaluation of pain management at a university hospital center].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: A hospital-wide evaluation of the process and results of pain management was set up at the Bordeaux University Hospital, France, as part of a pain management quality improvement program. The methods and the main results of a cross-sectional survey are reported. METHODS: All hospitalized patients, all nurses, and all head physicians the day of the survey were interviewed in a "given day" cross-sectional study. Six validated self-assessment or behavioral rating scales of pain were administered by three trained interviewers. Six process and result indicators were elaborated by a multiple-professional working group to allow simple and rapid feedback to the wards. RESULTS: A total of 2254 patients (87% of the population), age range 1 day to 101 years, and 203 physicians and 314 nurses in 140 wards participated in the survey. Two processes were satisfactorily performed: delivery of information on pain control at the arrival of the patient and rapidity of medication administration. On the contrary, two out of three painful patients were not detected by both nurses and physicians; one out of three patients were given no treatment in medical wards and one out of five in surgical wards. These proportions were greater for patients unable to self-assess their pain. Nearly 40% did not understand the information on their pain medication. One out of two patients felt that their pain was unrelieved by the treatment. The prevalence of pain was nearly 50% except in geriatric wards (21%) and in pediatric patients aged 5 to 15 years (26%). Patient satisfaction was good for 75% of the adult patients. CONCLUSION: A complete evaluation kit was developed for this first hospital-wide study in France on pain management. The individual and global results, sent to each ward, were designed to help all healthcare workers to become more aware of the urgent need to improve pain management and to serve as a basis for future evaluations.

Michel P; de Sarasqueta AM; Cambuzat E; Henry P

2001-10-01

131

Center for Molecular Electronics, University of Missouri, St. Louis. Environmental Assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to authorize the University of Missouri, St. Louis to proceed with the detailed design and construction of the proposed Center for Molecular Electronics. The proposed Center would consist of laboratories and offices housed in a three-story building on the University campus. The proposed modular laboratories would be adaptable for research activities principally related to physics, chemistry, and electrical engineering. Proposed research would include the development and application of thin-film materials, semi-conductors, electronic sensors and devices, and high-performance polymers. Specific research for the proposed Center has not yet been formulated, therefore, specific procedures for any particular process or study cannot be described at this time. The proposed construction site is an uncontaminated panel of land located on the University campus. This report contains information about the environmental assessment that was performed in accordance with this project.

1994-06-01

132

Annual report of Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, for fiscal 1975  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Tandem Accelerator Center (TAC) is a research center of the University of Tsukuba established mainly for interdisciplinary research. Its principal apparatus is a 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator of which assembling was completed in fiscal 1975. Activities of the TAC for the period of April 1975 to March 1976 are reported: accelerator and beam transport system, general equipments, equipment development, and heavy-ion reactions. (Mori, K.).

1976-01-01

133

Focus on: University Hospital & Health Sciences Center SUNY at Stony Brook Biomedical Engineering Department.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Clinical Engineering is practiced within the Biomedical Engineering Department (BME) at University Hospital, a modern, 536-bed, tertiary care teaching hospital. The 30-member department delivers a full range of clinical engineering services within the Stony Brook academic medical center. Major clinical engineering advances have been made in the areas of technology management, productivity and cost effectiveness, medical device safety, education, and research. University Hospital provides care for 2.5 million people in Suffolk County and other parts of Long Island.

Dyro JF

1993-03-01

134

Universal quantum controlled phase gate on photonic qubits based on nitrogen vacancy centers and microcavity resonators.  

Science.gov (United States)

Here we investigate a physical implementation of the universal quantum controlled phase (CPHASE) gate operation on photonic qubits by using nitrogen vacancy (N-V) centers and microcavity resonators. The quantum CPHASE gate can be achieved by sending the photons through the microcavity and interacting with the N-V center. The proposed scheme can be further used for scalable quantum computation. We show that this technique provides us a deterministic source of cluster state generation on photonic qubits. In this scheme, only single photons and single N-V center are required and the proposed schemes are feasible with the current experimental technology. PMID:23938842

Wang, Chuan; Zhang, Yong; Jiao, Rong-Zhen; Jin, Guang-Sheng

2013-08-12

135

Universal quantum controlled phase gate on photonic qubits based on nitrogen vacancy centers and microcavity resonators.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Here we investigate a physical implementation of the universal quantum controlled phase (CPHASE) gate operation on photonic qubits by using nitrogen vacancy (N-V) centers and microcavity resonators. The quantum CPHASE gate can be achieved by sending the photons through the microcavity and interacting with the N-V center. The proposed scheme can be further used for scalable quantum computation. We show that this technique provides us a deterministic source of cluster state generation on photonic qubits. In this scheme, only single photons and single N-V center are required and the proposed schemes are feasible with the current experimental technology.

Wang C; Zhang Y; Jiao RZ; Jin GS

2013-08-01

136

Obstacles and Solutions of Commercialization of University Research: Case Study of Small Businesses Development Center of University of Tehran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the entrepreneurship mission incorporated into the education and research missions of universities, their role in the economic and social development in societies has increased. Thus, subjects revolving around academic entrepreneurship and knowledge commercialization have drawn the attention of many researchers and politicians in different countries in the world. In Iran, too, the knowledge commercialization phenomenon is in its prime and is in its early stages of taking shape and development. Therefore, this paper aims to identify obstacles and solutions in the commercialization of university research in Iran. The qualitative research method has been used in the form of a case study. The research data collection tools consist of semi-structured interviews. As a compliment of data collection tools, some evidence and documents were also studies. The research statistical population includes all the individuals engaged in knowledge commercialization in the University of Tehran. Twenty six interviews were conducted before data saturation reached. The results of the qualitative research indicate that the organizational, environmental/institutional and internal university research commercialization impeding factors are critical obstacles in the Small Business Development Center (SBDC) of the University of Tehran and policy makers should devise proper strategies in light of these factors.

Jahangir Yadolahi FARSI; Meisam MODARRESI; Hadi ZAREA

2011-01-01

137

Students' Perceptions of Their Past English Study at Kansas University's Applied English Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated former students' perceptions of their past studies at the University of Kansas' Applied English Center (AEC). Sixty-one former AEC full-time students who had proven English proficiency since 1983 were interviewed using a questionnaire with 25 open-ended questions. The interviews focused on general program satisfaction,…

Gottschalk, Barbara

138

Implementing the Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity in University Counseling Center Internships  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the potential contribution of the "Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity" (henceforth the "Values Statement") to predoctoral internship training programs housed in university counseling centers. The purpose of this article is to present recommendations for how to best implement the Values…

Illfelder-Kaye, Joyce; Lese-Fowler, Karen; Bursley, Kevin; Reyes, Elizabeth; Bieschke, Kathleen J.

2009-01-01

139

Building "Bob": A Project Exploring the Human Body at Western Illinois University Preschool Center  

Science.gov (United States)

|When the children at Western Illinois University Preschool Center embarked on a study of human bodies, they decided to build a life-size model of a body, organ by organ from the inside out, to represent some of the things they were learning. This article describes the building of "Bob," the human body model, highlighting the children's problem…

Brouette, Scott

2008-01-01

140

Preliminary Evidence on the Effectiveness of Psychological Treatments Delivered at a University Counseling Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Treatment data from a university counseling center (UCC) that utilized the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2 (OQ-45; M. J. Lambert et al., 2004), a self-report general clinical symptom measure, was compared against treatment efficacy benchmarks from clinical trials of adult major depression that utilized similar measures. Statistical analyses suggested…

Minami, Takuya; Davies, D. Robert; Tierney, Sandra Callen; Bettmann, Joanna E.; McAward, Scott M.; Averill, Lynnette A.; Huebner, Lois A.; Weitzman, Lauren M.; Benbrook, Amy R.; Serlin, Ronald C.; Wampold, Bruce E.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Authority in an Agency-Centered, Inquiry-Based University Calculus Classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

Authority roles among teachers and students have traditionally been hierarchal and centered with the expertise and power of the teacher limiting opportunities for students to act with autonomy to build and justify mathematics. In this paper we discuss authority roles for teachers and students that have been realized in an inquiry-based university,…

Gerson, Hope; Bateman, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

142

The new library building at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The new University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Library opened in June 1983, replacing the 1968 library building. Planning a new library building provides an opportunity for the staff to rethink their philosophy of service. Of paramount concern and importance is the need to convey t...

Kronick, D A; Bowden, V M; Olivier, E R

143

The University of Kentucky Center for Research on Violence Against Women: science inspired by women's stories.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Research in the violence against women area has been undertaken for more than 30 years, but individual researchers who have made these scholarly contributions have not been advantaged by adequate attention, funding, or organizational structure within the university setting. This article offers a detailed description of a model of an interdisciplinary research center designed to provide an academic architecture within which research on intimate partner violence, sexual assault, stalking, and other forms of violence against women can flourish and advance. The article describes the impetus for creation of the University of Kentucky Center for Research on Violence Against Women, its current mission, organizational structure, financial operations, and initiatives related to research, education, and public service. Practical strategies for establishing and sustaining a center of this type are offered.

Jordan CE

2011-09-01

144

The Kyoto mechanisms and technological innovation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Climate change response, including the implementation of the Kyoto targets as the first step, calls for technological innovation of future sustainable energy systems. Based on the Danish case, this paper evaluates the type of technological change necessary. During a period of 30 years, Denmark managed to stabilize primary energy supply, and CO2 emissions decreased by 10%, during a period of 20 years. However, after the introduction of the Kyoto Mechanisms, Denmark has changed its strategy. Instead of continuing the domestic CO2 emission controls, Denmark plans to buy CO2 reductions in other countries. Consequently, the innovative technological development has changed. This paper evaluates the character of such change and makes preliminary recommendations for policies to encourage the use of the Kyoto Mechanisms as an acceleration of the necessary technological innovation. (author)

2006-01-01

145

The National Osteopathic Research Center at the University of North Texas Health Science Center: inception, growth, and future.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The osteopathic profession has long recognized the need to carry out research in order to improve clinical care. Osteopathic physicians have a particular obligation to carry out research in areas, such as osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM), that are unique to osteopathic medicine. OMM is similar to manual therapy that is performed by other types of practitioners, but it has some distinctive characteristics. Osteopathic doctors also use OMM to treat infectious disease-not just musculoskeletal disorders.In 2001, several osteopathic professional organizations agreed to jointly fund a national osteopathic research center at one of the osteopathic medical colleges. Five osteopathic colleges submitted research proposals in response to a request for applications. The University of North Texas Health Science Center (UNTHSC) was chosen to be the site for the Osteopathic Research Center (ORC) and was funded for four years with $1.1M. Between 2002 and 2007, the ORC received an additional $11M in research support from multiple sources including federal funds. With this support, it has made substantive contributions to science. These include oversight of the recently completed four-year, $1.5M multicenter study on the efficacy of OMM as a treatment for pneumonia in the elderly and a three-year, $1.9M National Institutes of Health-funded developmental research center to perform mechanistic studies of some OMM actions.The authors discuss the long-term costs, benefits, and sustainability of the national ORC at UNTHSC in the contexts of research accomplished, the training of new medical osteopathic researchers, and an effort to develop other successful regional osteopathic research centers.

Stoll ST; McCormick J; Degenhardt BF; Hahn MB

2009-06-01

146

CMB anisotropies seen by an off-center observer in a spherically symmetric inhomogeneous universe  

CERN Multimedia

The current authors have previously shown that inhomogeneous, but spherically symmetric universe models containing only matter can yield a very good fit to the SNIa data and the position of the first CMB peak. In this work we examine how far away from the center of inhomogeneity the observer can be located in these models and still fit the data well. Furthermore, we investigate whether such an off-center location can explain the observed alignment of the lowest multipoles of the CMB map. We find that the observer has to be located within a radius of 15 Mpc from the center for the induced dipole to be less than that observed by the COBE satellite. But for such small displacements from the center, the induced quadru- and octopoles turn out to be insufficiently large to explain the alignment.

Alnes, H; Alnes, Havard; Amarzguioui, Morad

2006-01-01

147

Greenhouse Effect International Cooperation: Rethink Kyoto Protocol  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The greenhouse gas emission has the closed relation with the economic growth in the every country, therefore reducing the greenhouse gas emission level or decreasing its increasing speed affect the national economic growth. If developed countries take the unconcern of the developing countries as the reason, they didn’t adopt any measurements. If developing countries think the developed countries must be responsible for the climate change, they reject any action, also including Kyoto protocol. Every country governments lack national support so that the promise can’t be realized in the international negotiates. Whether Kyoto Protocol finally can formally become effective depends on the economy and sustainable development.

Longlong Guo; Hongbo Ma

2009-01-01

148

Performance evaluation of extension education centers in universities based on the balanced scorecard.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study aims at developing a set of appropriate performance evaluation indices mainly based on balanced scorecard (BSC) for extension education centers in universities by utilizing multiple criteria decision making (MCDM). Through literature reviews and experts who have real practical experiences in extension education, adequate performance evaluation indices have been selected and then utilizing the decision making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) and analytic network process (ANP), respectively, further establishes the causality between the four BSC perspectives as well as the relative weights between evaluation indices. According to this previous result, an empirical analysis of the performance evaluation of extension education centers of three universities at Taoyuan County in Taiwan is illustrated by applying VlseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (VIKOR). From the analysis results, it indicates that "Learning and growth" is the significant influential factor and it would affect the other three perspectives. In addition, it is discovered that "Internal process" perspective as well as "Financial" perspective play important roles in the performance evaluation of extension education centers. The top three key performance indices are "After-sales service", "Turnover volume", and "Net income". The proposed evaluation model could be considered as a reference for extension education centers in universities to prioritize their improvements on the key performance indices after performing VIKOR analyses.

Wu HY; Lin YK; Chang CH

2011-02-01

149

A University-based Forensics Training Center as a Regional Outreach, Education, and Research activity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes a university-based Forensics Training Center (FTC) established by a Department of Justice grant for the purpose of improving the ability of state and local law enforcement in the Southeastern part of the United States to address the rising incidence of computer based crime. The FTC effort is described along with supporting evidence of its need. The program is not only a service activity, but also contributes to the Mississippi State University (MSU) security program pedagogy, and research effort.

Rayford B. Vaughn; David A. Dampier

2009-01-01

150

Kyoto - the impact on fossil fuels  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The effects of the Kyoto conference on environmental policies on greenhouse gases, and on the consumption of fossil fuels, is discussed. Coal consumption is likely to be particularly heavily affected. Nonetheless, coal consumption is likely to remain high in Asia for some while to come.

Hodgson, S.

1998-04-01

151

The Kyoto protocol in a global perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The global climate has changed notably since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gasses (GHG) have increased dramatically followed by an increase in global average temperature. In order to avoid negative potential outcomes of global warming, countries have adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that has so far been ratified by 192 countries. In 1997 the Kyoto Protocol, a binding GHG reduction plan, was adopted and entered into force in 2005. But several countries, including the USA, have had doubts about the potential negative consequences of the planned 5% global joint reduction of GHG. However, studies generally show that on a macroeconomic level: (1) welfare loss in terms of GDP and lost growth in EU is low; (2) it differs among economies; and (3) permit trading and permit price (in either global or regional markets) is highly correlated with the welfare loss. The main objective of the paper is to describe the attitudes and responses to the Kyoto Protocol from a global perspective. The paper has three objectives. First, to provide an overview of global greenhouse gas emissions and the big drivers behind these emissions. Second, to present where different countries, both developed and less developed countries, such as India, China and the countries of South-east Europe currently stand as regards their efforts to achieve the Kyoto Protocol requirements. Third, to analyse the responses and attitudes to the Kyoto Protocol from a country development perspective.

Andreja Cirman; Polona Domadenik; Matjaž Koman; Tjaša Redek

2010-01-01

152

The Kyoto protocol in a global perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The global climate has changed notably since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gasses (GHG) have increased dramatically followed by an increase in global average temperature. In order to avoid negative potential outcomes of global warming, countries have adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that has so far been ratified by 192 countries. In 1997 the Kyoto Protocol, a binding GHG reduction plan, was adopted and entered into force in 2005. But several countries, including the USA, have had doubts about the potential negative consequences of the planned 5% global joint reduction of GHG. However, studies generally show that on a macroeconomic level: (1) welfare loss in terms of GDP and lost growth in EU is low; (2) it differs among economies; and (3) permit trading and permit price (in either global or regional markets) is highly correlated with the welfare loss. The main objective of the paper is to describe the attitudes and responses to the Kyoto Protocol from a global perspective. The paper has three objectives. First, to provide an overview of global greenhouse gas emissions and the big drivers behind these emissions. Second, to present where different countries, both developed and less developed countries, such as India, China and the countries of South-east Europe currently stand as regards their efforts to achieve the Kyoto Protocol requirements. Third, to analyse the responses and attitudes to the Kyoto Protocol from a country development perspective.

Andreja Cirman; Polona Domadenik; Matjaž Koman; Tjaša Redek

2009-01-01

153

The forest projects in the Kyoto mechanisms; Les projets forestiers dans les mecanismes de Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This text studies the impact of the application of the Kyoto protocol to the forest projects. It proposes a plan of application to these projects, by remedying to the disadvantages of their inclusion in Clean Development Mechanism. Kyoto joins the commitment of industrialized countries to reduce their greenhouse gases emissions with the flexibility mechanisms. It is an exit door for the countries that cannot meet their 's obligations by domestic measures. It concerns United states and Japan. (N.C.)

Blaustein, E

1999-11-01

154

Post Kyoto energetic and environmental scenarios; Scenari energetico-ambientali post-Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto agreement of developed countries binds to reduce greenhouse gases within 2010 of 5%. In this paper are reported various scenarios to reach this objective. [Italian] L'accordo di Kyoto sull'impegno dei paesi sviluppati e delle economie in transizione a ridurre per il 2010 le emissioni di gas serra del 5% circa rispetto a quelle del 1990 costituisce un fatto nuovo la cui importanza supera la materia d'accordo.

Tosato, G.C.; Contaldi, M.; Simbolotti, G.; Menna, P.; Dalla Costa, M.; De Lauretis, R.; Liburdi, R.; Bonanni, P.; Presutto, M. [ENEA, Dipt. Ambiente, Rome (Italy)

1998-07-01

155

EU CLIMATE POLICY FROM KYOTO TO DURBAN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The risks posed by climate change are real and its impacts are already taking place. The biggest challenge about climate change is that there is no one single answer, no one single solution. This characteristic, together with the long history of political frictions and disputes worsened by environmental stresses suggests that global climatic changes have the potential to exacerbate existing international tensions. On December 31, 2012, the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period will expire. Unless states agree to a second commitment period, requiring a further round of emissions cuts, the Protocol will no longer impose any quantitative limits on states' greenhouse gas emissions. Although, as a legal matter, the Protocol will continue in force, it will be a largely empty shell, doing little if anything to curb global warming. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol negotiations, which focused exclusively on developed country emissions, the ongoing negotiations on a post-2012 climate change regime have also addressed developing country mitigation actions, without which a solution to the climate change problem is impossible. This has made the current negotiations as much between developed and developing countries as between the U.S. and the European Union. Key issues include: Legal Form; Regulatory approach; and Differentiation. By the Durban conference in December 2011 the EU needs to decide whether - and how - it will sign-up to a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol. This article focuses on the European Union needs to decide whether – and – how it will sign- up a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol. Because asking, whether others will act is the wrong question. The real question is whether signing- up to some form of second Kyoto commitment period will support Europe’s fundamental interests.

ELENA ANDREEVSKA

2012-01-01

156

Publications of the University of Karlsruhe (T.H.) and the Nuclear Research Center Karlsruhe 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the 14th volume of the joint list of publications of the University of Karlsruhe (T.H.), the Nuclear Research Center Karlsruhe and some institutions which are closely linked to the University. It contains the publications of the year 1981 as well as some addenda from 1980. Included were books and journals, journal articles and contributions from compilations, research reports, dissertations and habilitation theses which were written or published by these institutions, their bodies and institutes as well as their teachers and scientific staff, and also patents. Not included were, as a rule, diploma theses, newspaper articles, reviews, internal reports and bulletins. The list of publications from University is mainly based on entries made by the institutes and chairs; its completeness can not be granted here. (orig./RW)

1981-01-00

157

Center for Nuclear Medicine Research in Alzheimer`s Disease Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University. Environmental Assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Environmental Assessment (EA) of the Center for Nuclear Medicine Research in Alzheimer`s Disease (CNMR) at the Health Sciences Center, at West Virginia University in Morgantown, West Virginia for the construction and operation was prepared by DOE. The EA documents analysis of the environmental and socioeconomic impacts that might occur as a result of these actions, and characterizes potential impacts on the environment. In the EA, DOE presents its evaluation of potential impacts of construction and operation of the CNMR on health and safety of both workers and the public, as well as on the external environment. Construction impacts include the effects of erosion, waste disposal, air emissions, noise, and construction traffic and parking. Operational impacts include the effects of waste generation (domestic, sanitary, hazardous, medical/biological, radioactive and mixed wastes), radiation exposures, air emissions (radioactive, criteria, and air toxics), noise, and new workers. No sensitive resources (wetlands, special sources of groundwater, protected species) exist in the area of project effect.

1994-04-01

158

The University of California at San Francisco Fetal Treatment Center: a personal perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Today, the Fetal Treatment Center at the University of California, San Francisco is premier not only for its innovative and cutting-edge developments in fetal diagnosis and therapy, but in its delivery of excellent clinical care to patients from within and outside the United States. Indeed it is recognized as the pioneering institution for fetal surgery. But, the road to success and international recognition has been torturous and often tumultuous. From a personal perspective, Dr. Michael Harrison recounts the center's 25-year history--an evolution that has seen a 'California fault zone' become an epicenter of excellence for fetal therapy. Along the way, Dr. Harrison recalls the best and worst of times in the center's history particularly as they relate to fetal surgery, recalls the initial principal payers and subsequent cadre of professionals responsible for developing the center and providing the medical and surgical expertise that is the hallmark of the UCSF Fetal Treatment Center, provides a subjective assessment, a 'report card', of where they stand in fetal therapy today, and finally, gives well-deserved credit to the many talented research fellows, whom he calls the 'heart and soul' of the enterprise, whose 'fingerprints' are borne on all the advances in fetal treatment. PMID:15539877

Harrison, Michael R

159

The University of California at San Francisco Fetal Treatment Center: a personal perspective.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Today, the Fetal Treatment Center at the University of California, San Francisco is premier not only for its innovative and cutting-edge developments in fetal diagnosis and therapy, but in its delivery of excellent clinical care to patients from within and outside the United States. Indeed it is recognized as the pioneering institution for fetal surgery. But, the road to success and international recognition has been torturous and often tumultuous. From a personal perspective, Dr. Michael Harrison recounts the center's 25-year history--an evolution that has seen a 'California fault zone' become an epicenter of excellence for fetal therapy. Along the way, Dr. Harrison recalls the best and worst of times in the center's history particularly as they relate to fetal surgery, recalls the initial principal payers and subsequent cadre of professionals responsible for developing the center and providing the medical and surgical expertise that is the hallmark of the UCSF Fetal Treatment Center, provides a subjective assessment, a 'report card', of where they stand in fetal therapy today, and finally, gives well-deserved credit to the many talented research fellows, whom he calls the 'heart and soul' of the enterprise, whose 'fingerprints' are borne on all the advances in fetal treatment.

Harrison MR

2004-11-01

160

Kyoto protocol and Nepal's energy sector  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nepal has recently ratified Kyoto Protocol, which considers justifiable use of resources to limit or reduce the emission of gases that contribute to green house gas inventory in the atmosphere. Nepal's per capita green gas (GHG) emission from energy use is insignificant. However, it is important for Nepal to adopt environmentally friendly energy options based on local resources like hydropower and biomass. Nepal can benefit from the provisions of clean development mechanism (CDM) under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) or carbon funds being promoted by various organizations in order to obtain funding for new projects that reduce GHG emissions (ER). Funding can be generated through Carbon trading in international market as well. In this paper, the country's current contribution to GHG due to energy consumption is evaluated. Options for promoting more sustainable and environmentally friendly projects have also been discussed.

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Global climate change: the Kyoto protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Protocol specifies that the 38 Annex 1 countries should reduce emissions of greenhouse gases in the commitment period 2008-2012 by an average of 5.2% below 1990 levels. The article summarizes the major provisions of the Kyoto Protocol, adopted by the third conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in December 1997, and assesses the prospects of its ratification. The agreement reached on emission trading, joint implementation and the clean development mechanisms (CDM) are only conceptual and `modalities, rules, procedures and guidelines` are to be developed. The author is of the opinion that the US Senate may delay ratification of the Protocol until the rules of emission trading, and CDM are agreed upon. 4 refs.

Mathai, C.V. [Arizona Public Service Company, Phoeniz, AZ (United States)

1998-02-01

162

The Kyoto Protocol Is Cost-effective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Despite recent advances, there is a high degree of uncertainty concerning the climate change that would result from increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. Also, opponents of the Kyoto Protocol raised the key objection that reducing emissions would impose an unacceptable economic burden on businesses and consumers. Based on an analysis of alternative scenarios for electricity generation in Italy, we show that if the costs in terms of damage to human health, material goods, agriculture, and the environment caused by greenhouse gas emissions are included in the balance, the economic argument against Kyoto is untenable. Most importantly, the argument holds true even if we exclude global external costs (those due to global warming), and account for local external costs only (such as those due to acidic precipitation and lung diseases resulting from air pollution).

Marino Gatto; Andrea Caizzi; Luca Rizzi; Giulio A. De Leo

2002-01-01

163

From Kyoto to Copenhagen and back again  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper presents a framework for measuring cooperation in terms of whether parties reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by more than what they would have done unilaterally, i.e. in the absence of international targets. The framework is applied to the Kyoto Protocol. The findings suggest that the negotiations can be conceptualized as a prisoner's dilemma; that only a few parties behave cooperatively; and that the scope for international cooperation is limited.

Jepsen, Henrik

164

NAFTA's shadow hangs over Kyoto's implementation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Canadian government recently stated that it will not meet its Kyoto targets by the end of the first period in 2012, and instead proposed a twofold solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The solutions involve the development of a Clean Air Act that will seek a 50 per cent reduction in emissions by 2050; and, participation in negotiations to determine the next steps for the Kyoto Protocol, post-2012. It was noted that as a ratified member of the Kyoto Protocol, Canada is still legally obligated to achieve its reduction requirements. However, as a co-signatory of the North American Free-Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canada may be impeded from introducing and maintaining GHG reducing initiative since there are elements of NAFTA which may be used to block efforts that are considered discriminatory to trade. Chapter 11 of NAFTA assigns rights to Canadian, American and Mexican private investors to promote investment, ensure equal treatment and protect their investments against discrimination by NAFTA governments other than their own. These rights may challenge independent action by member states to reduce environmental risks. The authors emphasized that in order to avoid the possibility of legal challenges through Chapter 11 of NAFTA, it is important for the Canadian government to address various aspects of the flexibility mechanisms in the Kyoto Protocol. Three of these mechanisms were designed to reduce the financial burden and technological capacity issues associated with mitigating GHG emissions. These include emissions trading system, clean development mechanism, and joint implementation. The authors presented some policy recommendations to avoid future conflict. 26 refs.

2007-01-01

165

Climate Change And The Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The problem of global warming is addressed. Changes in earth surface temperature, emission of CO2 and other four major green house gases are presented. Effect of global warming on weather, ocean, and ecosystem is discussed. A brief history of the Kyoto protocol starting from the 151 Earth Summit in 1972 is outlined. An overview of the protocol and a brief summary are given

2007-01-01

166

Integrating Student-Centered Learning in Finance Courses: The Case of a Malaysian Research University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The student-centered learning (SCL) approach is an approach to education that focuses on learners and their needs, rather than relying upon the input of the teacher's. The present paper examines how the SCL approach is integrated as a learner-centered paradigm into finance courses offered at a business school in a research university in Malaysia. Specifically, this paper identifies how a learner-centered environment is integrated into teaching methods, learning activities and evaluation tools. Since the adoption of the SCL approach is partly to cater for the needs of the research university, the analysis of the courses is supported with responses from the respective lecturers. This study finds that the lecturers of the five courses examined have used active/interactive learning and group project approaches as standard teaching methods under the SCL approach which includes projects, class discussion and presentation. Alongside these standard methods, some of the courses use additional methods under the SCL approach, including real life experiential learning and case studies. For example, students of the Investment and Portfolio Analysis course are exposed to the real world investment decision making by investing funds in selected stocks listed on Bursa Malaysia. In terms of course evaluations, the courses place greater weight on continuous assessment based on group projects and presentations, while reduce the emphasis on examinations. Overall, implementing the SCL approach requires a careful design of the learning process, which includes the classroom setting; flexibility of the curriculum; teaching methods; evaluation policies; and course content. In general, the study demonstrates that SCL has great potential to function as an effective learning tool in an environment where the labor market demands generically skilled job candidates and in which universities are demanding further resources to be devoted to efforts relating to research and publications.

Hawati Janor; Ruzita Abdul Rahim; Aisyah Abdul Rahman; Noor Azryani Auzairy; Noor Azuan Hashim; Muhamad Zain Yusof

2013-01-01

167

Ambulatory Research and Education Center Oregon Health Science University. Environmental Assesment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-0921) evaluating the proposed construction and operation of the Ambulatory Research and Education Center (AREC), which would be located on the top seven floors of the existing NeuroSensory Research Center (NRC) on the campus of the Oregon Health Sciences University (OHSU) at Portland, Oregon. The proposed action would combine activities scattered across the campus into a central facility. Based on the analysis in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969, 42 USC 4321 et seq. Therefore, an environmental impact statement (EIS) is not required and the Department is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

1994-03-21

168

The Doreen B. Townsend Center for the Humanities at the University of Berkeley  

Science.gov (United States)

Located at the University of Berkeley and established in 1987, the Doreen B. Townsend Center "is distinguished by its broad definition of the humanities and its energetic reaching out to different sectors within the campus and the larger public." Visitors interested in the important mission of this Center will find information on the site about the various fellowships, public programs, and publications that support these endeavors. The site includes a strong section of online humanities resources for persons looking for funding opportunities, either for dissertation work or those foundations and organizations that actively support the humanities. The publication section is particularly strong, as visitors can view the Townsend Center's newsletter, peruse its online magazine (titled Framing the Questions), or browse the published proceedings of various events sponsored by the Center. These proceedings contain some real gems, such as The Novel in Africa by J.M. Coetzee, Sounding Lines: The Art of Translating Poetry (a conversation between Seamus Heaney and Robert Haas), and Michael Pollan's musings on The Botany of Desire.

169

A new apparatus at hyper irradiation research facility at the Atomic Research Center, University of Tokyo  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the hyper irradiation research facility at the Atomic Research Center, the University of Tokyo, following apparatuses were newly installed for accelerator relating apparatus on 1995 fiscal year; 1) Hyper ion microbeam analysis apparatus, 2) Fourier conversion infrared microscopy, 3) Pico second two-dimensional fluorescence measuring apparatus, 4) Femto second wave-length reversible pulse laser radiation apparatus, and others. In addition to double irradiation, pulse beam irradiation experiment and so forth characteristic in conventional hyper irradiation research apparatus, upgrading of material irradiation experiments using these new apparatuses are intended. (G.K.).

1996-01-01

170

A new apparatus at hyper irradiation research facility at the Atomic Research Center, University of Tokyo  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the hyper irradiation research facility at the Atomic Research Center, the University of Tokyo, following apparatuses were newly installed for accelerator relating apparatus on 1995 fiscal year; (1) Hyper ion microbeam analysis apparatus, (2) Fourier conversion infrared microscopy, (3) Pico second two-dimensional fluorescence measuring apparatus, (4) Femto second wave-length reversible pulse laser radiation apparatus, and others. In addition to double irradiation, pulse beam irradiation experiment and so forth characteristic in conventional hyper irradiation research apparatus, upgrading of material irradiation experiments using these new apparatuses are intended. (G.K.)

Shibata, Hiromi; Iwai, Takeo; Narui, Makoto; Omata, Takao [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Research Center for Nuclear Science and Technology

1996-12-01

171

Hydrologic characterization of the unconfined aquifer at the University of Alabama Student Recreation Center, Tuscaloosa, Alabama  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) involves storing thermal energy such as winter chill, summer heat, and industrial waste heat for future use in heat and/or cooling buildings or for industrial processes. Widespread development and implementation of STES would significantly reduce the need to generate primary energy in the United States. Recent data indicate that STES is technically suitable for providing 5% to 10% of the nation`s energy, with major contributions in the commercial and industrial sectors and in district heating and cooling applications. This report describes aquifer characterization at the University of Alabama Student Recreation Center in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. The purpose of the testing is to provide design data for the University`s use in modifying and expanding an existing ATES well field. The aquifer characterization work was conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program) in cooperation with the University of Alabama as part of efforts to assess the use of chill ATES for space cooling.

Hall, S.H.; Newcomer, D.R.

1992-02-01

172

The center for plant and microbial complex carbohydrates at the University of Georgia Complex Carbohydrate Research Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research from the Complex Carbohydrates Research Center at the University of Georgia is presented. Topics include: Structural determination of soybean isoflavones which specifically induce Bradyrhizobium japonicum nodD1 but not the nodYABCSUIJ operon; structural analysis of the lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) from symbiotic mutants of Bradyrhizobium japonicum; structural characterization of lipooligosaccharides from Bradyrhizobium japonicum that are required for the specific nodulation of soybean; structural characterization of the LPSs from R. Leguminosarum biovar phaseoli, the symbiont of bean; characterization of bacteroid-specific LPS epitopes in R. leguminosarum biovar viciae; analysis of the surface polysaccharides of Rhizobium meliloti mutants whose lipopolysaccharides and extracellular polysaccharides can have the same function in symbiosis; characterization of a polysaccharide produced by certain Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains within soybean nodules; structural analysis of a streptococcal adhesin polysaccharide receptor; conformational studies of xyloglucan, the role of the fucosylated side chain in surface-specific cellulose-xyloglucan interactions; the structure of an acylated glucosamine oligosaccharide signal molecule (nod factor) involved in the symbiosis of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae with its host Vicia sativa; investigating membrane responses induced by oligogalacturonides in cultured cells; the polygalacturonase inhibitor protein; characterization of the self-incompatability glycoproteins from Petunia hybrida; investigation of the cell wall polysaccharide structures of Arabidopsis thaliana; and the glucan inhibition of virus infection of tabacco.

Albersheim, P.; Darvill, A.

1991-08-01

173

Kyoto target: scenarios and evaluations; Vincoli di Kyoto: scenari e confronti  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

How far the Kyoto target is for the different countries? Which countries are in a very weak position? Are the efforts required to the different countries similar? The analysis, focusing on 15 industrialised countries, links CO{sub 2} emissions to four main variables and proposes five attainability scenarios. The results show the existence of strong differences among countries, some of which are called to extraordinary improvements of their energy-environmental efficiency in order to respect the Kyoto constraint. [Italiano] Quanto e` distante il vincolo di Kyoto per i diversi paesi e quali sono in posizione di maggiore debolezza? Sono richiesti sforzi di entita` simile? Questa analisi, condotta su 15 paesi industrializzati, riconduce le emissioni di CO{sub 2} a quattro variabili fondamentali e propone cinque scenari di raggiungibilita` del target: ne emerge una forte eterogeneita` tra i paesi, per alcuni dei quali il raggiungimento dell`obiettivo comporta miglioramenti assolutamente straordinari dell`efficienza energetico-ambientale.

Cozzi, L.; Di Giulio, E. [ENI, Scuola Superiore `Enrico Mattei` (Italy)

1998-12-01

174

Providing medical information to college health center personnel: a circuit Librarian Service at the University of Illinois.  

Science.gov (United States)

College health center personnel are no different from other health practitioners in their need for medical information. To help meet this need, the McKinley Health Center, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, developed a partnership in 1997 with the Library of the Health Sciences-Urbana, a regional site library of the University of Illinois at Chicago campus. This partnership led to the adoption of circuit librarianship, a dynamic outreach model, to enhance access to health information for McKinley Health Center personnel. A circuit librarian consults with health center personnel during regularly scheduled on-site visits to the center and its satellite office. Upon returning to the resource library, the circuit librarian conducts research for clinical information on behalf of the center's personnel, then sees that articles, books, and relevant Web sites are identified and delivered to assist in answering questions regarding disease management, drug therapy, wellness, and health administration. PMID:14765763

Stumpff, Julia C

175

Planning and Implementing a Disaster Recovery Capability for a Mainframe-Based Hospital Information System: Duke University Medical Center's Experience  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Since October 1986, the Medical Center Information Systems Department at Duke University Medical Center (DUMC) has been developing and implementing a plan to provide for the continuation of the functions performed by Duke Hospital's central computing system in the event of a disaster that would disa...

Kirby, J. David; Walker, L. Phillip; Aaron, Walter H.; Whitesell, Judy J.; Stead, William W.

176

Challenges for Study Centers in an Electronic Age: A case study of the Center for Distance Education at Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg in Germany  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports on developments in study centers in Germany and in particular the experience of the Center for Distance Education at Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg. Emphasis in this paper has been placed on the challenges faced by German universities in the electronic age, which in its early stages began in 1995. The purpose of this paper is to ground the establishment of open and distance study centres vis-à-vis the unique cultural and institutional circumstances characteristic of Germany and its institutions of higher education.

Ulrich Bernath; Axel Kleinschmidt; Christine Walti; Olaf Zawacki; Carl von Ossietzky

2003-01-01

177

Hydrologic characterization of the unconfined aquifer at the University of Alabama Student Recreation Center, Tuscaloosa, Alabama  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) involves storing thermal energy such as winter chill, summer heat, and industrial waste heat for future use in heat and/or cooling buildings or for industrial processes. Widespread development and implementation of STES would significantly reduce the need to generate primary energy in the United States. Recent data indicate that STES is technically suitable for providing 5% to 10% of the nation's energy, with major contributions in the commercial and industrial sectors and in district heating and cooling applications. This report describes aquifer characterization at the University of Alabama Student Recreation Center in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. The purpose of the testing is to provide design data for the University's use in modifying and expanding an existing ATES well field. The aquifer characterization work was conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program) in cooperation with the University of Alabama as part of efforts to assess the use of chill ATES for space cooling.

Hall, S.H.; Newcomer, D.R.

1992-02-01

178

Kyoto: nuclear power against greenhouse effect  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Among the different possibilities to slow down the increase of greenhouse gas emissions, several participants of the Kyoto conference (December 11, 1997) held the nuclear power resort in a good position. This short paper reports on some extracts of talks given during the conference by participants who take a definite position in favour of the development of nuclear power: FORATOM (European Atomic Forum), Nuclear Energy Institute (US), Japan Atomic Industrial Forum, the Uranium Institute, WONUC (World Council of Nuclear Workers) and SFEN (French Society of Nuclear Energy). (J.S.)

1997-01-01

179

The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Facility  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC), in partnership with Sanders Morris Harris Inc., a Texas-based investment banking firm, and The Styles Company, a developer and manager of hospitals and healthcare facilities, is building a proton therapy facility near the MDACC main complex at the Texas Medical Center in Houston, Texas USA. The MDACC Proton Therapy Center will be a freestanding, investor-owned radiation oncology center offering state-of-the-art proton beam therapy. The facility will have four treatment rooms: three rooms will have rotating, isocentric gantries and the fourth treatment room will have capabilities for both large and small field (e.g. ocular melanoma) treatments using horizontal beam lines. There will be an additional horizontal beam room dedicated to physics research and development, radiation biology research, and outside users who wish to conduct experiments using proton beams. The first two gantries will each be initially equipped with a passive scattering nozzle while the third gantry will have a magnetically swept pencil beam scanning nozzle. The latter will include enhancements to the treatment control system that will allow for the delivery of proton intensity modulation treatments. The proton accelerator will be a 250 MeV zero-gradient synchrotron with a slow extraction system. The facility is expected to open for patient treatments in the autumn of 2005. It is anticipated that 675 patients will be treated during the first full year of operation, while full capacity, reached in the fifth year of operation, will be approximately 3,400 patients per year. Treatments will be given up to 2-shifts per day and 6 days per week.

Smith, Alfred; Newhauser, Wayne; Latinkic, Mitchell; Hay, Amy; McMaken, Bruce; Styles, John; Cox, James

2003-08-01

180

The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Facility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC), in partnership with Sanders Morris Harris Inc., a Texas-based investment banking firm, and The Styles Company, a developer and manager of hospitals and healthcare facilities, is building a proton therapy facility near the MDACC main complex at the Texas Medical Center in Houston, Texas USA. The MDACC Proton Therapy Center will be a freestanding, investor-owned radiation oncology center offering state-of-the-art proton beam therapy. The facility will have four treatment rooms: three rooms will have rotating, isocentric gantries and the fourth treatment room will have capabilities for both large and small field (e.g. ocular melanoma) treatments using horizontal beam lines. There will be an additional horizontal beam room dedicated to physics research and development, radiation biology research, and outside users who wish to conduct experiments using proton beams. The first two gantries will each be initially equipped with a passive scattering nozzle while the third gantry will have a magnetically swept pencil beam scanning nozzle. The latter will include enhancements to the treatment control system that will allow for the delivery of proton intensity modulation treatments. The proton accelerator will be a 250 MeV zero-gradient synchrotron with a slow extraction system. The facility is expected to open for patient treatments in the autumn of 2005. It is anticipated that 675 patients will be treated during the first full year of operation, while full capacity, reached in the fifth year of operation, will be approximately 3,400 patients per year. Treatments will be given up to 2-shifts per day and 6 days per week.

2003-08-26

 
 
 
 
181

Kyoto protocol: at last the agreement has been reached; Protocole de Kyoto: un accord enfin conclu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

After more than 3 years of negotiations, 180 countries agreed at Bonn on the application of the Kyoto protocol to fight the climatic warming. The main aspects of this agreement are discussed: the carbon wells, the tools of the pollution control for the developed countries and the financial help to the developing countries. (A.L.B.)

NONE

2001-07-01

182

[Prospective study about predictive factors of bed sore occurrence in a university hospital center].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: The aims of the study are to search the correlation between risk factors and occurrence of bed sores in a university hospital center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Transversal retrospective study on hospital files of patients presenting bed sores. Data collection and statistics are done using Microsoft Excel 2003 and SPSS v13.0 softwares. RESULTS: 249 declarations of bed sores. Descriptive analysis. Age: 68 +/- 17 years. Male predominance: 57.5%. High risk patients : 60%. Number of risk factors 2 +/- 1 including in decreasing frequency : circulatory troubles, bed rest, diabetes, neurologic deficiency, nutritional deficiency, dementia, incontinency. Average number of bed sores: 2 +/-1. One or 2 locations: 76%. Univariable analysis--The correlation between the risk factors (bed sore risk score, incontinency, circulatory troubles and dementia) and the bed sore characteristics is significatively important with p < 0.05. CONCLUSION: The study shows the predictive risk factors of bed sore. These factors must be taken into consideration in the evaluation of patients.

Ghoussoub K; Kareh I; Ferran F; Majdalani M; Karam L; Sleilaty G

2011-04-01

183

Measuring service quality at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Evaluates the service quality of four clinics at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center using a questionnaire methodology. The SERVQUAL instrument was administered to patients of the Medical Breast, Leukemia, Medical Gastroenterology and Bone Marrow Aspiration clinics. Results show that, according to the service gap methodology of comparing expectations and perceptions, across all four clinics the issues of billing accuracy and waiting times are deemed by patients as significant problems. In comparing the individual clinics, the Medical Gastroenterology and Leukemia clinics are best performers and the Medical Breast clinic is the worst. However, these differences in performance are due to differences in patients' expectations of service quality, rather than differences in perceptions. Concludes that customer expectations can have a strong impact on a firm's evaluation of its service quality.

Anderson EA; Zwelling LA

1996-01-01

184

The supernova Hubble diagram for off-center observers in a spherically symmetric inhomogeneous universe  

CERN Document Server

We have previously shown that spherically symmetric, inhomogeneous universe models can explain both the supernova data and the location of the first peak in the CMB spectrum without resorting to dark energy. In this work, we investigate whether it is possible to get an even better fit to the supernova data by allowing the observer to be positioned away from the origin in the spherically symmetric coordinate system. In such a scenario, the observer sees an anisotropic relation between redshifts and the luminosity distances of supernovae. The level of anisotropy allowed by the data will then constrain how far away from the origin the observer can be located, and possibly even allow for a better fit. Our analysis shows that the fit is indeed improved, but not by a significant amount. Furthermore, it shows that the supernova data do not place a rigorous constraint on how far off-center the observer can be located.

Alnes, H; Alnes, Havard; Amarzguioui, Morad

2006-01-01

185

Annual report 1992 of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report includes the research activities and the technical developments carried out at the Tandem Accelerator Center in University of Tsukuba for the period from April 1992 to March 1993. New experimental investigations were made on (1) nuclear spectroscopy was initiated by a new ? ray spectrometer; (2) polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions; (3) the application of energetic heavy ions to solid state physics; (4) the behavior of self interstitial atoms and its migration mechanism in Mo metal (5) the studies on electronic conduction of metal oxides and bronzes by NMR; (6) Moessbauer studies on Fe-Cr alloy and the RBS analysis of YBCO superconductor films; and (7) a new field was challenged on the micro cluster physics. Nuclear collective motion and the relativistic mean-field theory is also included in this report. (J.P.N.).

1993-01-01

186

Building Bob: A Project Exploring the Human Body at Western Illinois University Preschool Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available When the children at Western Illinois University Preschool Center embarked on a study of human bodies, they decided to build a life-size model of a body, organ by organ from the inside out, to represent some of the things they were learning. This article describes the building of "Bob," the human body model, highlighting the children's problem solving at various points in the construction process. The article also explains other activities that the class engaged in during the three phases of project work. The project culminated in the creation of a classroom book, written and illustrated by all of the children, which could be shared with families and visitors to the classroom.

Scott Brouette

2008-01-01

187

Materials Research Center, University of Pittsburgh. Final report, 1 November 1991-28 February 1994  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The research and related activities at the Materials Research Center (MRC) of the University of Pittsburgh under AFOSR Grant 91-0441 are summarized. The research program has progressed in four technical areas. Nine projects under the heading of High-Performance Materials are discussed and include degradation of intermetallics and composites at elevated temperatures, deformation behavior of alloys during processing and service, and development of polymers with improved mechanical properties through microstructure control. Thirteen projects have involved Electro-optics. The development of new organic optoelectronic materials employing the design and synthesis of molecules, polymers, and molecular clusters is described and the tailoring of materials in specific device structures, such as IR detectors, light emitters, or filters is discussed. Five projects involve investigations related to Biotechnology where bioactive proteins as smart materials, viral proteins as templates for bioactive materials, and molecular recognition elements have been studied. In the Catalysis technical area, the results from studies on decomposition of nerve gases, and catalysts related to alternate fuels are presented. Educational aspects of the Center are also summarized. New equipment capabilities are reviewed, as well as internal and external collaborations of the MRC. Finally, the future plans for the MRC are addressed.

Hercules, D.M.; Pettit, F.S.; Mayer, G.

1994-04-29

188

An overview of multidisciplinary research resources at the Osaka University Center for Twin Research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Osaka University Center for Twin Research is currently organizing a government-funded, multidisciplinary research project using a large registry of aged twins living in Japan. The purpose of the project is to collect various information as well as biological resources from registered twins, and to establish a biobank and databases for preserving and managing these data and resources. The Center is collecting data from twin pairs, both of whom have agreed to participate in a one-day comprehensive medical examination. The following data are being collected: physical data (e.g., height, body mass, blood pressure, theoretical visceral fat, pulse wave velocity, and bone density), data regarding epidemiology (e.g., medical history, lifestyle, quality of life, mood status, cognitive function, and nutrition), electrocardiogram, ultrasonography (carotid artery and thyroid), dentistry, plastic surgery, positron emission tomography, magnetoencephalogram, and magnetic resonance imaging of brain. These data are then aggregated and systematically stored in specific databases. In addition, peripheral blood is obtained from the participants, and then genomic DNA is purified and sera are stored. A wide variety of studies are ongoing, and more are in the planning stage.

Hayakawa K; Iwatani Y

2013-02-01

189

Placement of a permanent birth control device at a university medical center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the Essure placement failure rate and analyze factors associated with failure in an urban, nonstudy population at a university medical center. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted of women who underwent attempted Essure hysteroscopic sterilization at the Detroit Medical Center (DMC) from January 1, 2003, to June 30, 2007. RESULTS: There were 316 Essure procedures attempted at the DMC from January 2003 through June 2007. Of the 316 attempted procedures, there were 22 device placement failures and 3 documented post-Essure pregnancies. Of the 22 placement failures, 11 were attributed to difficulty visualizing the tubal ostia. Other causes of failure included device malfunction, uterine perforation, tubal perforation, expulsion of the device, tubal spasm, tubal ostia too large for the device and unspecified. Difficulty visualizing the ostia (p < 0.001) and a longer procedure time (p = 0.008) were significantly associated with failure. CONCLUSION: The rate of successful placement of the Essure permanent birth control device at the DMC is 92.1%, with a post-Essure pregnancy rate of 0.95%. The majority of placement failures may be attributed to difficulty visualizing the tubal ostia.

Shavell VI; Abdallah ME; Diamond MP; Berman JM

2009-04-01

190

Translational oncology toward benefiting cancer patients: the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center experience.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC) is currently conducting many translational studies to improve cancer patients' condition through early diagnosis, discovering new treatments, improving treatment outcomes, and better classification and prognosis of cancer. SYSUCC is a leading institution for treating nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and carrying out research into the disease. The center has performed several large-scale studies that have produced new insights, such as a genome-wide analysis study, which has allowed researchers to identify new genetic risk factors for NPC; the findings are significant toward building a risk prediction model for NPC. Other researchers are using molecular biological methods to identify new biomarkers, which will allow a better classification and prognosis of this disease. Drug discovery, especially for molecular targeted therapy, is also an active field of research at SYSUCC, not only for NPC treatment, but also for, among others, cancers of the head, neck, and liver. As an alternative to Western medicine, scientists also use derivatives of natural products from Traditional Chinese Medicine to develop new compounds. The tumor biobank at SYSUCC, one of the largest in China, play an essential role in producing clinical applications from research findings. Translational oncology is a promising field, and scientists and clinicians from SYSUCC will continue to work in synergy to develop new anticancer therapies.

Guerin M; Qian C; Zhong Q; Cui Q; Guo Y; Bei J; Shao J; Zhu X; Huang W; Wu J; Liu R; Liu Q; Wang J; Jia W; Zheng X; Zeng Y

2012-11-01

191

A Longitudinal Person-Centered Examination of Nonsuicidal Self-injury Among University Students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Little is known about the development and maintenance of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) over time; however, identifying individuals at risk for NSSI onset or its recurrent engagement is of critical importance for developing effective prevention and intervention strategies. To address this important gap in the literature, we used a person-centered approach to study patterns of change among self-injurers (i.e., new beginners, recovered injurers, relapsers, desisters, and persistent injurers). Undergraduate students (N = 666, 71.1 % female, M age  = 19.15) from a mid-sized Canadian university participated in the two-wave study (assessments were 1 year apart). Participants completed the Inventory of Statements about Self-Injury (ISAS, Klonsky and Glenn in J Psychopathol Behav Assess 31:215-219, 2009) at Time 1, and a measure of past year NSSI frequency 1 year later. Participants also completed several measures of psychosocial risk (e.g., problem behaviors, problems with parents) at both time points. Consistent with Nock's (Ann Rev Clin Psychol 6:339-363, 2010) model on the development of NSSI over time, individuals who continued to engage in NSSI across the university years (i.e., persistent injurers) reported greater levels of psychosocial risk as compared to those in the other groups. Moreover, a discriminant function analysis revealed that new beginners, relapsed injurers, and persistent injurers were differentiated from recovered injurers and desisters by increases over time in problem behaviors, problems with parents, internalizing behaviors, and suicidal ideation. Our findings provide new insight into the course of NSSI engagement across the university years, and offer clinicians ways to discriminate among individuals with varying longitudinal patterns of NSSI (i.e., on measures of psychosocial risk, and motivations to stop self-injuring).

Hamza CA; Willoughby T

2013-08-01

192

Global post-Kyoto scenario analyses at PSI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Scenario analyses are described here using the Global MARKAL-Macro Trade (GMMT) model to study the economic implications of the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Convention on Climate change. Some conclusions are derived in terms of efficient implementations of the post-Kyoto extensions of the Protocol. (author) 2 figs., 5 refs.

Kypreos, S. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)

1999-08-01

193

Uncertainty in subsidies as a threat for the Kyoto target; Subsidieonzekerheid bedreigt Kyoto-doelstelling  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The success of the so-called Environmental Quality of Power Generation (MEP) regulation in the Netherlands resulted in a considerable rise of the prices for electricity. Therefore, the Dutch Minister of Economic Affairs decided to put a maximum on the incentive ('ceiling') for systems powered by renewable electricity. However, it might jeopardize the targets for the Netherlands as formulated in the Kyoto Protocol. [Dutch] EZ-Minister Brinkhorst wil het risico van oversubsidiring voorkomen door een algemeen MEP-subsidieplafond (Milieukwaliteit Elektriciteitsproduktie) in te stellen en de maximale subsidie per installatie vast te stellen. Daarnaast wil hij de regeling flexibiliseren. Deze wijzigingen kunnen echter de doelstellingen van het Kyoto Protocol in gevaar brengen.

Gaastra, A. [Loyens en Loeff, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

2005-12-01

194

Will OPEC lose from the Kyoto Protocol?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A range of energy-economy models forecast losses to members of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) should the Kyoto Protocol come into force. These forecasts are a powerful influence in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change negotiations. They are used by OPEC to advance the agenda on the impacts of response measures, covertly arguing for compensation for lost oil revenues arising from implementation of the Protocol. This paper discusses this issue, and explores the key assumptions of these models and their uncertainties. Assumptions about carbon leakage, future availability of oil reserves, substitution, innovation, and capital turnover are considered. The paper suggests that losses will not affect OPEC countries equally, and that these losses are not likely to be as substantial as the models forecast. A range of policy measures are proposed to lessen any impact the Protocol may have on OPEC

2004-01-01

195

Canada and the Kyoto protocol on GHGs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Canada has become a world leader in the field of environmental policy ever since the involvement of the international community originated some time in the 1970s. The authors examined the trajectory followed by Canada to attain this prominence in the field, with an eye on the national policies in the perspective of the global progress made in the implementation of the recommendations of the Rio Summit in 1992. From the authors' viewpoint, it became evident that there was divergence between national policies and the country's official international position. However the recent decision by the United States not to ratify the provisions of the Kyoto protocol could be construed as being a second chance offered to Canada to work towards reducing its emissions of greenhouse gases. refs.

Prestre, P. Le; Dufault, E. [Quebec Univ., Montreal, PQ (Canada)

2001-12-31

196

Kyoto commitments: CHP will help the UK  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In order to meet the United Kingdom's targets for carbon dioxide emissions reduction, agreed at the Kyoto Summit, the UK Government is promoting the use of combined heat and power (CHP) plants. Such schemes need to offer over 70% efficiency, have on-site or nearby heat uses, and allow flexibility for the export of electricity where this is appropriate. Electricity trading arrangements will need to be re-organised in line with similar commodities, in order to facilitate and promote the growth of CHP and renewable energy schemes. Financial incentives and regulation of electricity prices will also contribute to the promotion of CHP schemes, ultimately leading to reduced CO2 pollution as a result of the growth in the UK's CHP capacity. (UK)

1998-01-01

197

Reconstruction of pneumatic irradiation facility in Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There are three pneumatic sub-facilities in KUR allowing simultaneous irradiation of three samples. The Pn facility is sub-divided as follows, hot cave room (Pn-1), junior cave room (Pn-2), chemical laboratory (Pn-3). The capsule to be tested is sent into the KUR core, via the Pn facility by CO2 gas pressure and irradiated by neutrons and gamma rays in the KUR core. After irradiation, the capsule returns to the desired Pn station by similar means. The dispatch-return mechanism for the capsules was altered during this reconstruction. One major alteration in the system was the replacement of the one machine used for dispatch and return, by two machines for despatch and return. In consequence of this new design, the dispatch machine has a capsule setting box, and the return machine has a return ball valve. The electric circuitry for this system was improved at this time. A new emergency return circuit was added, and the photodetector system that indicated the insertion of the capsule into the core was refined. In addition, the CO2 gas tank, use for the capsule propulsion, was transfered from the reactor basement to the rear area of the hot laboratory. This was done to facilitate easy access to the gas tank for future repressurization of low CO2 gas tank pressures. (author).

1980-01-01

198

Center for Energy and Environment Research as a catalyst for industry/university research at the University of Puerto Rico  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

CEER's special institutional situation, by crossing different campuses and research faculties and reporting directly to the President of the University of Puerto Rico, has enabled it to foster more direct collaboration internally and with industries. Factors are delineated for setting up more effective and potentially successful cooperative arrangements between university and industry. (DLC)

Bonnet, J.A. Jr.

1984-12-01

199

The Kyoto Protocol: What can Norway do?; Kyoto-avtalen: Hva kan Norge gjoere?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Protocol of 1997 regulates many issues, however, according to this document, much detailed work remains to be done, notably on rules and procedures for trading emission quotas and on joint implementations of climate measures. The Kyoto Protocol is summed up in five points. The Norwegian emissions are largely determined by the offshore petroleum activities and are expected to reach their peak values around the year 2010. The challenge for Norway is to reduce the emissions in 2010 by 10 million ton CO2 equivalents. In addition to a veriety of large and small energy conservation measures in households and industry, there are some major measures connected with: (1) methane from land-fills, (2) pollution from the aluminium and magnesium industries, (3) carbon emission from other energy-intensive industries and from the oil- and gas activities, (4) increased fixation in forests, (5) trading emission quotas, (6) transport sector. Domestic measures to meet the agreement are not expected to be particularly expensive for Norway and will not adversely affect the economy of people in general. But the Kyoto Protocol can only be a first step, and meeting stronger requirements in years to come requires new technology and revision of the carbon-intensive production- and consumption pattern. 8 figs., 5 tabs.

Alfsen, Knut H.

1998-11-01

200

Medication therapy management clinic: perception of healthcare professionals in a University medical center setting  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To determine the overall perception and utilization of the pharmacist managed medication therapy management (MTM) clinic services, by healthcare professionals in a large, urban, university medical care setting.Methods: This was a cross-sectional, anonymous survey sent to 195 healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, and pharmacists at The University of Illinois Outpatient Care Center to determine their perception and utilization of the MTM clinic. The survey consisted of 12 questions and was delivered through a secure online application. Results: Sixty-two healthcare professionals (32%) completed the survey. 82% were familiar with the MTM clinic, and 63% had referred patients to the clinic. Medication adherence and disease state management was the most common reason for referral. Lack of knowledge on the appropriate referral procedure was the prominent reason for not referring patients to the MTM clinic. Of the providers that were aware of MTM services, 44% rated care as ‘excellent’, 44% as ‘good’, 5% as ‘fair’, and 0% stated ‘poor’. Strengths of MTM clinic identified by healthcare providers included in-depth education to patients, close follow-up, and detailed medication reconciliation provided by MTM clinic pharmacists. Of those familiar with MTM clinic, recommendations included; increase marketing efforts to raise awareness of the MTM clinic service, create collaborative practice agreements between MTM pharmacists and physicians, and ensure that progress notes are more concise.Conclusion: In a large, urban, academic institution MTM clinic is perceived as a valuable resource to optimize patient care by providing patients with in-depth education as it relates to their prescribed medications and disease states. These identified benefits of MTM clinic lead to frequent patient referrals specifically for aid with medication adherence and disease state management.

Shah M; Markel Vaysman A; Wilken L

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Evolution of a Patient Information Management System in a Local Area Network Environment at Loyola University of Chicago Medical Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Department of Medicine at Loyola University Medical Center (LUMC) of Chicago has implemented a local area network (LAN) based Patient Information Management System (PIMS) as part of its integrated departmental database management system. PIMS consists of related database applications encompassin...

Price, Ronald N; Chandrasekhar, Arcot J; Tamirisa, Balaji

202

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, Nuclear and Solid State Research Project, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the fifth annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, as well as the third of the Nuclear and Solid State Research Project at the University of Tsukuba. It contains the short descriptions of the activities during the period from April, 1979, to March, 1980. The 12 UD Pelletron has worked well and was utilized over 2900 hours as the time of beam on targets. The performance of the polarized ion source has been quite good, and it produced the beams of polarized protons and deuterons as well as of alpha particles. The sputter ion source (TUNIS) replaced the direct extraction duoplasmatron in most cases, and it produced the beams of isotopes of O, F, Si, Cl, Ni, Cu, etc., without gas injection. The construction of the second measuring room has been completed, and four beam courses are equipped with a general purpose scattering chamber, the devices for perturbed angular correlation, inner and outer shell ionization, and biological studies. The beam pulsing system was installed on the accelerator, and will be in operation soon. Further efforts have been made to develop detection and data processing systems. The examples of the recent researches mainly under the program of the NSSRP in various fields are enumerated. The exchange and collaboration with other institutions were active. (Kako, I.)

1980-01-01

203

Prevalence of hospital-acquired infections in the university medical center of Rabat, Morocco.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to determine the hospital-acquired infections (HAI) prevalence in all institutions of Rabat University Medical Center, to ascertain risk factors, to describe the pathogens associated with HAI and their susceptibility profile to antibiotics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Point-prevalence survey in January 2010 concerning all patients who had been in the hospital for at least 48 hours. At bedside, 27 investigators filled a standardized questionnaire from medical records, temperature charts, radiographs, laboratory reports and by consultation with the ward's collaborating health professionals. Risk factors were determined using logistic regression. RESULTS: 1195 patients involved, occupancy rate was 51%. The prevalence of HAI was 10.3%. Intensive care units were the most affected wards (34.5%). Urinary tract infection was the most common infected site (35%). Microbiological documentation was available in 61% of HAI. Staphylococcus was the organism most commonly isolated (18.7%) and was methicillin-resistant in 50% of cases. In multivariate analysis, risk factors associated with HAI were advanced age, longer length of hospital stay, presence of comorbidity, invasive devices and use of antibiotic use. CONCLUSION: HAI prevalence was high in this study. Future prevention program should focus on patients with longer length of stay, invasive devices, and overprescribing antibiotics.

Razine R; Azzouzi A; Barkat A; Khoudri I; Hassouni F; Chefchaouni AC; Abouqal R

2012-01-01

204

Carbon Ion Radiotherapy at the Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center: New Facility Set-up  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Carbon ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) offers superior dose conformity in the treatment of deep-seated tumors compared with conventional X-ray therapy. In addition, carbon ion beams have a higher relative biological effectiveness compared with protons or X-ray beams. C-ion RT for the first patient at Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center (GHMC) was initiated in March of 2010. The major specifications of the facility were determined based on the experience of clinical treatments at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), with the size and cost being reduced to one-third of those at NIRS. The currently indicated sites of cancer treatment at GHMC are lung, prostate, head and neck, liver, rectum, bone and soft tissue. Between March 2010 and July 2011, a total of 177 patients were treated at GHMC although a total of 100 patients was the design specification during the period in considering the optimal machine performance. In the present article, we introduce the facility set-up of GHMC, including the facility design, treatment planning systems, and clinical preparations.

Tatsuya Ohno; Tatsuaki Kanai; Satoru Yamada; Ken Yusa; Mutsumi Tashiro; Hirofumi Shimada; Kota Torikai; Yukari Yoshida; Yoko Kitada; Hiroyuki Katoh; Takayoshi Ishii; Takashi Nakano

2011-01-01

205

Impact of 5 years of lean six sigma in a University Medical Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lean Six Sigma (LSS) is an originally industry-based methodology for cost reduction and quality improvement. In more recent years, LSS was introduced in health care as well. This article describes the experiences of the University Medical Center Groningen, the second largest hospital in the Netherlands, with LSS. It was introduced in 2007 to create the financial possibility to develop innovations. In this article, we describe how LSS was introduced, and how it developed in the following years. We zoom in at the traumatology department, where all main processes have been analyzed and improved. An evaluation after 5 years shows that LSS helped indeed reducing cost and improving quality. Moreover, it aided the transition of the organization from purely problem oriented to more process oriented, which in turn is helpful in eliminating waste and finding solutions for difficult problems. A major benefit of the program is that own employees are trained to become project leaders for improvement. Several people from the primary process were thus stimulated and equipped to become role models for continuous improvement. PMID:23011073

Niemeijer, Gerard C; Trip, Albert; de Jong, Laura J; Wendt, Klaus W; Does, Ronald J M M

206

Impact of 5 years of lean six sigma in a University Medical Center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Lean Six Sigma (LSS) is an originally industry-based methodology for cost reduction and quality improvement. In more recent years, LSS was introduced in health care as well. This article describes the experiences of the University Medical Center Groningen, the second largest hospital in the Netherlands, with LSS. It was introduced in 2007 to create the financial possibility to develop innovations. In this article, we describe how LSS was introduced, and how it developed in the following years. We zoom in at the traumatology department, where all main processes have been analyzed and improved. An evaluation after 5 years shows that LSS helped indeed reducing cost and improving quality. Moreover, it aided the transition of the organization from purely problem oriented to more process oriented, which in turn is helpful in eliminating waste and finding solutions for difficult problems. A major benefit of the program is that own employees are trained to become project leaders for improvement. Several people from the primary process were thus stimulated and equipped to become role models for continuous improvement.

Niemeijer GC; Trip A; de Jong LJ; Wendt KW; Does RJ

2012-10-01

207

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba. April 1, 1993 - March 31, 1994  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In this annual report, the research activities and the technical developments carried out at the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, for the period from April, 1993 to March, 1994 are described. The tandem accelerator worked with high stability, and provided with sufficient beam time for experiments till the middle of November, however, one of the charging chains broke on November 18. The replacement of the chain was finished in a short time, and experiments were continued to the end of December. From January, 1994, the operation of the accelerator was shut down to replace the cooling towers for building air conditioning and to reconstruct the cooling system for the accelerator. In this book, the activities in the accelerator and experimental facilities and the departments of the experiment and theory on nuclear physics, atomic and solid state physics, and ion beam application are reported. As the new development of experimental instruments, a new rf amplifier for the heavy ion postaccelerator was constructed, and with a liquid helium polarimeter, test experiments are in progress. (K.I.)

1994-01-01

208

Prevalence of hospital-acquired infections in the university medical center of Rabat, Morocco  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The aims of this study were to determine the hospital-acquired infections (HAI) prevalence in all institutions of Rabat University Medical Center, to ascertain risk factors, to describe the pathogens associated with HAI and their susceptibility profile to antibiotics. Materials and methods Point-prevalence survey in January 2010 concerning all patients who had been in the hospital for at least 48 hours. At bedside, 27 investigators filled a standardized questionnaire from medical records, temperature charts, radiographs, laboratory reports and by consultation with the ward’s collaborating health professionals. Risk factors were determined using logistic regression. Results 1195 patients involved, occupancy rate was 51%. The prevalence of HAI was 10.3%. Intensive care units were the most affected wards (34.5%). Urinary tract infection was the most common infected site (35%). Microbiological documentation was available in 61% of HAI. Staphylococcus was the organism most commonly isolated (18.7%) and was methicillin-resistant in 50% of cases. In multivariate analysis, risk factors associated with HAI were advanced age, longer length of hospital stay, presence of comorbidity, invasive devices and use of antibiotic use. Conclusion HAI prevalence was high in this study. Future prevention program should focus on patients with longer length of stay, invasive devices, and overprescribing antibiotics.

Razine Rachid; Azzouzi Abderrahim; Barkat Amina; Khoudri Ibtissam; Hassouni Fadil; Chefchaouni Almontacer; Abouqal Redouane

2012-01-01

209

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, 1987  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report covers the research activities and technical developments of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, in the period from April, 1987 to March, 1988. In the field of nuclear physics, the elastic and inelastic scattering of polarized protons from even-even medium weight nuclei was investigated systematically by light ion beam experiment. A QDQ type magnetic spectrograph for double scattering experiment was almost complete. The studies on heavy ion-induced fission reaction advanced by measuring anisotropy in fission angular distribution, and a view on the mechanism of the reaction was acquired. A new, ingenious technique enabled to identify prompt characteristics X-ray accompanying the fusion reaction induced by heavy ions. In the field of atomic and solid state physics, a strange dependence of equilibrium charge state on the atomic number of projectile heavy ions has been elucidated. The research on ion beam shadowing effect on the emission of ion-induced secondary electrons was continued. The Rutherford backscattering of O4+ ions was applied to determine the composition of Y-Ba-Cu oxide film, and it shed light on the condition governing the nature of superconductive materials. The 12 UD Pelletron was operated quite satisfactorily. (Kako, I.).

1988-01-01

210

Pre-post pilot study of noise levels at a university hospital center pharmacy department.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Context: Noise interferes with attention, speech understanding, detection of other auditory stimuli, and leads to interruptions. Objectives: This is a pre-post cross-sectional observational study aimed at measuring noise levels in a 500-bed mother-child university hospital center pharmacy department after the implementation of corrective measures, such as work zone reorganization, digitization of the prescription process, and education about the impact of some work habits. Results: A total of 24 measurement points (70 noise level measurements) were taken in 2007 (pre) compared to 30 measurement points (59 noise level measurements) in 2012 (post). There was a statistically significant difference in the average values of the day and night noise measurements (day 59.4 ± 5.3 dB(A) vs night 52.3 ± 8.0 dB(A); P < .001). There were no statistically significant differences in the average values of the noise measurements taken during daytime between the prestudy and poststudy phases (pre 59.4 ± 5.3 vs post 58.07 ± 6.01 dB(A); P = .22). Conclusion: Few data exist on the noise levels in hospital pharmacy departments. In spite of the corrective measures implemented, reducing noise levels in pharmacy departments was difficult to achieve. Average values of approximately 60 dB(A) seem to be unacceptable for work that requires a high level of attention.

Guérin A; Leroux T; Bussières JF

2013-08-01

211

University of Illinois at Chicago's interdisciplinary center for research on violence: changing systems to prevent violence in Chicago and beyond.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes an interdisciplinary center at the University of Illinois at Chicago focused on collaborative research on violence. Our center is unique in its emphasis on developing infrastructure and distinctive processes for overcoming obstacles to interdisciplinary research; the involvement of outside policy makers, advocates, and service providers in jointly discussing and developing research proposals; the breadth of commitments from leading violence researchers and administrators across five colleges; and the innovativeness of proposed research projects that support interdisciplinary activity and show promise for funding. The center has developed an infrastructure to address violence-related issues in both research and teaching. This article discusses the challenges of implementation and boundary spanning in a university context and makes recommendations for sustainability. PMID:21914681

Schewe, Paul; Bell, Carl C; Bennett, Larry; Goldstein, Paul J; Gordon, Rebecca; Mattaini, Mark; O'Brien, Patricia; Riger, Stephanie; Risser, Heather J; Rosenbaum, Dennis P; Schuck, Amie M; Simmons, Barbara; Ullman, Sarah E

2011-09-13

212

University of Illinois at Chicago's interdisciplinary center for research on violence: changing systems to prevent violence in Chicago and beyond.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article describes an interdisciplinary center at the University of Illinois at Chicago focused on collaborative research on violence. Our center is unique in its emphasis on developing infrastructure and distinctive processes for overcoming obstacles to interdisciplinary research; the involvement of outside policy makers, advocates, and service providers in jointly discussing and developing research proposals; the breadth of commitments from leading violence researchers and administrators across five colleges; and the innovativeness of proposed research projects that support interdisciplinary activity and show promise for funding. The center has developed an infrastructure to address violence-related issues in both research and teaching. This article discusses the challenges of implementation and boundary spanning in a university context and makes recommendations for sustainability.

Schewe P; Bell CC; Bennett L; Goldstein PJ; Gordon R; Mattaini M; O'Brien P; Riger S; Risser HJ; Rosenbaum DP; Schuck AM; Simmons B; Ullman SE

2011-09-01

213

Japan Nuclear Reaction Data Center (JCPRG), Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Steering Committee progress report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Japan Nuclear Reaction Data Center (JCPRG) was approved as an organisation of Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University and established on April 1, 2007. In addition to nuclear data activities carried out by JCPRG (Japan-Charged Particle Nuclear Reaction Data Group), the centre is concerned with the evaluation of nuclear reaction data in nucleosynthesis in the universe. In order efficiently to compile reaction data obtained by using radioactive ion beam, the centre signed a research contract with RIKEN Nishina Center. We are scanning 16 journals for Japanese charged-particle and photo-nuclear nuclear reaction data compilation. From April 2006 to March 2007, CPND and PhND in 45 references (453 records, 1.83 MB) have been newly compiled for NRDF. Usually new data are released at the JCPRG web site several months prior to EXFOR. Since the 2006 NRDC meeting, we have made 104 new entries and have revised or deleted 142 old entries. Intensive numerical data compilations have been done. These data were shown in tabular form in dissertations which are (partially) published in Journals. About 30 new entries were compiled from these data. We have prepared CINDA batches for CPND published in Japan every half year. Each batch covers 6 issues of each of 4 Japanese journals JPJ, PTP, NST and JNRS. Bibliographies for neutron induced reaction data have been compiled by JAEA Nuclear Data Center as before. A new web-based NRDF search and plot system on MySQL was released in July, 2007. New compilation, which has been finalized for NRDF, but not for EXFOR, can be obtained from this site. DARPE (another NRDF search and plot system written in Perl) is also available at http://www.jcprg.org/darpe/. EXFOR/ENDF (http://www.jcprg.org/exfor/) search and plot system is available. We have also developed following utilities: PENDL (http://www.jcprg.org/endf/) and RENORM (http://www.jcprg.org/renorm). We are developing a new search system of CINDA. This is an extension of EXFOR/ENDF search system mentioned above. A preliminary version of the system is available at http://www.jcprg.org/cinda/. A Java-based digitizing system GSYS has been updated and released as GSYS Ver.2.2. We are interested in describing nuclear reaction data in XML (Extensible Markup Language), which might be a common (meta-) format of nuclear reaction data for various libraries (NRDF, EXFOR, ENDF etc.) and enable us to have common bases of software. We provide Japanese researchers in the fields of nuclear physics and nuclear engineering with nuclear reaction data. For more information, we published the Annual Report of Nuclear Reaction Data File Vol.20 in March 2007 (Japanese + English abstract, http://www.jcprg.org/annual/annual-e.html). We have also issued a list of newly added data into EXFOR every month (http://www.jcprg.org/exfor/info/recentdata.html) in a CINDA like format. We have received many comments on EXFOR compilation from Japanese users (mainly JENDL evaluators). These comments have been listed to a table (http://www.jcprg.org/exfor/info/feedbacks.html), and forwarded to other centres

2007-01-01

214

Enterococci resistant to multiple antimicrobial agents, including vancomycin. Establishment of endemicity in a university medical center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the distribution of and risk factors for colonization and infection with vancomycin-resistant enterococci; to evaluate the molecular epidemiology of these strains; and to assess the effect of interventions, including 1) strict adherence to infection control procedures and 2) restricted use of vancomycin. DESIGN: Problem identification based on descriptive studies, point-prevalence surveys, and case-control studies and followed by specific interventions and evaluation of the response to these interventions. SETTING: University medical center. PARTICIPANTS: All patients hospitalized between May 1992 and June 1994 (59,196 admissions). MAIN RESULTS: 75 active infections attributed to vancomycin-resistant enterococci were identified. Thirty-one patients (41%) had bloodstream infections and 6 (8%) died. The incidence of active infection was highest in the organ transplantation unit (13.2 infections/1000 admissions). In the point-prevalence studies, vancomycin-resistant enterococci were isolated from 20% of a random sample of hospitalized patients in July, August, and September 1993 (adjusted prevalence, 16.9%). Case-control studies showed significant associations between colonization and infection and 1) receipt of antimicrobial agents, particularly vancomycin, and 2) severity of illness. Although several small case clusters had isolates with identical banding patterns on pulsed field gel electrophoresis, at least 45 different banding patterns were noted among medical center isolates. Interventions took place in November and December 1993. Vancomycin restriction policies resulted in a 59% decrease in intravenous vancomycin use and an 85% decrease in oral vancomycin use. Point-prevalence surveys done in April, May, and June 1994 showed a consistent 20% level of colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci strains (adjusted prevalence, 18.7%). No significant changes were seen in rates of vancomycin-resistant enterococci infection. CONCLUSIONS: Vancomycin-resistant enterococci are an important cause of illness and death in the study institution, particularly among organ transplant recipients and other seriously ill persons; they have also become a common intestinal colonizer among hospitalized patients. The diversity of isolates (based on molecular typing studies) suggests that resistant organisms have been introduced from multiple sources. Interventions that effectively lower the overall level of colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci must still be identified.

Morris JG Jr; Shay DK; Hebden JN; McCarter RJ Jr; Perdue BE; Jarvis W; Johnson JA; Dowling TC; Polish LB; Schwalbe RS

1995-08-01

215

The creation and early implementation of a high speed fiber optic network for a university health sciences center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In late 1989 the University of Missouri Health Sciences Center began the process of creating an extensive fiber optic network throughout its facilities, with the intent to provide networked computer access to anyone in the Center desiring such access, regardless of geographic location or organizational affiliation. A committee representing all disciplines within the Center produced and, in conjunction with independent consultants, approved a comprehensive design for the network. Installation of network backbone components commenced in the second half of 1990 and was completed in early 1991. As the network entered its initial phases of operation, the first realities of this important new resource began to manifest themselves as enhanced functional capacity in the Health Sciences Center. This paper describes the development of the network, with emphasis on its design criteria, installation, early operation, and management. Also included are discussions on its organizational impact and its evolving significance as a medical community resource.

Schueler JD; Mitchell JA; Forbes SM; Neely RC; Goodman RJ; Branson DK

1991-01-01

216

Transaction costs of the Kyoto Mechanisms  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Transaction costs will reduce the attractiveness of the Kyoto Mechanisms compared to domestic abatement options. Especially the project-based mechanisms Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI) are likely to entail considerable costs of baseline development, verification and certification. The Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ) pilot phase and the Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) programme give indications about the level of these costs. Under current estimates of world market prices for greenhouse gas emission permits, projects with annual emission reductions of less than 50,000 t CO{sub 2} equivalent are unlikely to be viable; for micro projects transaction costs can reach several hundred euro per t CO{sub 2} equivalent. Thus, the Marrakech Accord rule to have special rules for small scale CDM projects makes sense, even if the thresholds chosen advantage certain project types; projects below 1000 t CO{sub 2} equivalent per year should get further exemptions. An alternative solution with no risk for the environmental credibility of the projects would be to subsidise baseline setting and charge lower, subsidised fees for small projects for the different steps of the CDM/second track JI project cycle. (author)

Michaelowa, A. [Hamburg Institute for International Economics (Germany); Stronzik, M.; Eckermann, F. [Centre for European Economic Research, Mannheim (Germany); Hunt, A. [Metroeconimica Ltd., Bath (United Kingdom)

2003-09-01

217

Climate economics: post-Kyoto tracks  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Commitments obtained by the Kyoto protocol will end in 2012. An impressive series of conferences - Bali (2007), Copenhagen (2009), Cancun (2010) to mention the main ones - were organised to prepare the post-2012 regime. Everything was supposed to be decided at the Copenhagen meeting but the state representatives came up against the obstacle. The pre-Copenhagen hope has given place to disillusion and has led to a turn-off towards a weekly coordinated regime which requires a strategic revision of approaches. This book presents the lessons learnt from the relative failure of these negotiations and proposes new paths for the future. It puts forward some strategic stakes that have to be taken into account for the future: the equity between very heterogeneous countries and populations, the industrial competitiveness, the carbon leaks and the violation of the most ambitious climate policies due to the heterogeneity of commitment levels, and the geopolitical reality. The world will have to live for a long time with heterogeneous carbon prices, themselves reflecting heterogeneous commitment levels. New modalities have to be defined which would manage to combine justice and efficiency. Two complementary paths are developed in this book: the establishing of adjustment mechanisms at borders and of international sectoral agreements. (J.S.)

2011-01-01

218

Emission Trading under the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report discusses the potential gains from emission trading and raises some crucial questions. It shows that the total costs of the Kyoto Protocol could be reduced by about 95% through emission trading. Emission trading is an option also in the domestic arenas. The governments of the Annex B countries may allocate emission quotas to local enterprises as emission permits. Thus new markets for greenhouse gas emission quotas may emerge, domestically and internationally. It is emphasized that emission trading at the national and international levels must be discussed separately. The Nordic governments, for example, will find several good reasons for supporting emission trading at the international level if not necessarily domestically. The Nordic countries have already implemented domestic taxes on CO{sub 2} emissions and this tax policy could be sustained while these governments support and take part in emission trading at the international level.The report also considers a possible side effect of emission trading: free emission trading among Annex B countries could reduce the total abatement compared to a non-tradable policy as a consequence of the fact that some of the countries that are in transition to a market economy may be given emission limitations above their business-as-usual emissions. 40 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs.

Holtsmark, Bjart; Hagem, Cathrine

1998-12-01

219

Interface of Montreal Protocol with Kyoto Protocol. Some issues  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The presentation identifies some of the issues relating to the interface between the Montreal Protocol and the Kyoto Protocol with special attention for the use of CFCs by the refrigerating and air conditioning sector in India.

Sharma, V.; Bagai, A. [Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi (India)

1999-07-01

220

Fiscal 1998 achievement report on welfare technosystem research and development. Kyoto; 1998 nendo walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Kyoto) seika hokokusho  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To be ready for the computing-everywhere age to come, it is necessary to create environments in which the barrier-free utilization is ensured of various apparatuses of the daily routine, such as various bodily function substituting apparatuses capable of compensating for the degraded functions of disabled or aged individuals. Under the circumstances, a system for building man-machine interfaces in the home or the like is required, and fundamental technologies of architecture and information infrastructure have to be established on which the development of technologies for the field involved will proceed. Concerning the technologies already in existence in this field of research, a survey is conducted of the status of research and development of information interface techniques primarily at Stanford University, and a report is made thereon. Also reported is the information obtained at Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference 1999. The result of a survey of the trend of research and development of the smart house under the TIDE (Technology Initiative for Disabled and Elderly People) project and the result of a survey of an information standardization project for equipment control in Europe are reported, and the result of a survey of the approach of Kyoto's welfare apparatus distributors to the development of equipment is made known. (NEDO)

NONE

1999-03-01

 
 
 
 
221

The Margaret Sloss Women's Center at Iowa State University: A Model.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Presents the Margaret Sloss Women's Center as a model to assist in the continued development of campus-based women's centers. Discusses the purpose and mission of the center and describes areas of advocacy, information and referrals, programming, and organizational structure. (Author/NB)|

Lonnquist, M. Peg; Reesor, Loraine M.

1987-01-01

222

Experience with multimodality telepathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Several modes of telepathology exist including static (store-and-forward), dynamic (live video streaming or robotic microscopy), and hybrid technology involving whole slide imaging (WSI). Telepathology has been employed at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) for over a decade at local, national, and international sites. All modes of telepathology have been successfully utilized to exploit our institutions subspecialty expertise and to compete for pathology services. This article discusses the experience garnered at UPMC with each of these teleconsultation methods. Static and WSI telepathology systems have been utilized for many years in transplant pathology using a private network and client-server architecture. Only minor clinically significant differences of opinion were documented. In hematopathology, the CellaVision(®) system is used to transmit, via email, static images of blood cells in peripheral blood smears for remote interpretation. While live video streaming has remained the mode of choice for providing immediate adequacy assessment of cytology specimens by telecytology, other methods such as robotic microscopy have been validated and shown to be effective. Robotic telepathology has been extensively used to remotely interpret intra-operative neuropathology consultations (frozen sections). Adoption of newer technology and increased pathologist experience has improved accuracy and deferral rates in teleneuropathology. A digital pathology consultation portal (https://pathconsult.upmc.com/) was recently created at our institution to facilitate digital pathology second opinion consults, especially for WSI. The success of this web-based tool is the ability to handle vendor agnostic, large image files of digitized slides, and ongoing user-friendly customization for clients and teleconsultants. It is evident that the practice of telepathology at our institution has evolved in concert with advances in technology and user experience. Early and continued adoption of telepathology has promoted additional digital pathology resources that are now being leveraged for other clinical, educational, and research purposes.

Pantanowitz L; Wiley CA; Demetris A; Lesniak A; Ahmed I; Cable W; Contis L; Parwani AV

2012-01-01

223

Experience with multimodality telepathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several modes of telepathology exist including static (store-and-forward), dynamic (live video streaming or robotic microscopy), and hybrid technology involving whole slide imaging (WSI). Telepathology has been employed at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) for over a decade at local, national, and international sites. All modes of telepathology have been successfully utilized to exploit our institutions subspecialty expertise and to compete for pathology services. This article discusses the experience garnered at UPMC with each of these teleconsultation methods. Static and WSI telepathology systems have been utilized for many years in transplant pathology using a private network and client-server architecture. Only minor clinically significant differences of opinion were documented. In hematopathology, the CellaVision(®) system is used to transmit, via email, static images of blood cells in peripheral blood smears for remote interpretation. While live video streaming has remained the mode of choice for providing immediate adequacy assessment of cytology specimens by telecytology, other methods such as robotic microscopy have been validated and shown to be effective. Robotic telepathology has been extensively used to remotely interpret intra-operative neuropathology consultations (frozen sections). Adoption of newer technology and increased pathologist experience has improved accuracy and deferral rates in teleneuropathology. A digital pathology consultation portal (https://pathconsult.upmc.com/) was recently created at our institution to facilitate digital pathology second opinion consults, especially for WSI. The success of this web-based tool is the ability to handle vendor agnostic, large image files of digitized slides, and ongoing user-friendly customization for clients and teleconsultants. It is evident that the practice of telepathology at our institution has evolved in concert with advances in technology and user experience. Early and continued adoption of telepathology has promoted additional digital pathology resources that are now being leveraged for other clinical, educational, and research purposes. PMID:23372986

Pantanowitz, Liron; Wiley, Clayton A; Demetris, Anthony; Lesniak, Andrew; Ahmed, Ishtiaque; Cable, William; Contis, Lydia; Parwani, Anil V

2012-12-20

224

Annual report of Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University. April 1, 1993 - March 31, 1994  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This volume of the RCNP annual report gives briefly research activities of the RCNP (Research Center for Nuclear Physics), Osaka University, in the academic year of 1993 (April 1993 - March 1994). RCNP is a national nuclear physics laboratory with the AVF cyclotron and the ring cyclotron. This annual report includes major research activities at RCNP as follows. 1) Low-energy nuclear physics by means of the K=140 MeV AVF cyclotron. Nuclear reactions and nuclear structures were studied. 2) Medium-energy nuclear physics by means of the 0.4 GeV ring cyclotron. The new ring cyclotron is in full operation, and several new progresses in the medium energy nuclear physics have been made. In particular, spin-isospin responses for discrete states, giant resonances and for quasi-free scattering processes have been studied by means of charge exchange reactions. 3) Heavy-ion physics with the secondary radio-active nuclear beams. It includes production of radioactive nuclei with large spin-polarization and studies of snow-balls. 4) Non-accelerator physics programs have started in collaboration with the Dept. Phys. group. Neutrino studies by means of double beta decays and dark matter searches by means of scintillators are under progress at the Kamioka underground laboratory. 5) Theoretical works on nuclear structures and nuclear reactions. The RCNP computers are widely used for theoretical studies all over Japan. 6) Developments of accelerators and detector systems. The new external ion-source and the new axial injection line are build in order to increase beam currents. (J.P.N.)

1994-01-01

225

Mushroom poisonings reported to the Dokuz Eylul University drug and poison information center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Poisonings concerning mushrooms that were reported to Dokuz Eylul University Drug and Poison Information Center (DPIC) between 1993 and 2006 were analyzed.Methods: Age, sex, mushroom type, route and reason for the poisoning, clinical effects and outcome of the poisoned patients were recorded on standard data forms, then entered into a computerized database program. Results: Mushroom ingestions accounted 1.2 % (799 cases of 65,176) of all poisonings were reported to DPIC. More than half of the calls to DPIC involved adults (64.8%, 518) and females dominated in adults this is the opposite in children (57.9%, 292 and 47.6%, 100 for adults and children, respectively). Mean age of adults and children were 39.1±0.7 and 9.5±0.4 years, respectively. Most of the poisonings occurred in autumn (49.7%). Median time elapsed from mushroom poisoning to telephone call was 6 h (68.2%, mean 13.5±21.5 h). Type of the mushrooms were classified as suspicious toxic mushrooms (Amanita phalloides etc, 2.9%), other mushrooms (66.7%) and unknown (30.4%). Mild symptoms were found to be higher in patients who presented to a health facility within in first 6 hours after ingestion than that of patients presented more than six hours after ingestion (p<0.0001). Clinical effects were graded as asymptomatic (7.4%), moderate (6.3%) or severe (2.0%) poisoning. Nausea with vomiting was the most common sign (32.6%) followed by vomiting alone (22.0%), diarrhea (12.5%) and abdominal colic (9.3%). One patients died (0.1%) from unknown wild mushroom ingestion. Conclusions: Although poisonings concerning mushroom ingestion reported to our DPIC were common, most of them were mild poisonings. Mushroom poisoning cases with late presentation should be evaluated carefully by emergency physicians for deadly poisonous mushroom ingestions.

Nil HOCAOGLU; Sule KALKAN; Yesim TUNCOK

2010-01-01

226

THE INCIDENCE OF CAESAREAN SECTIONS IN THE UNIVERSITY CLINICAL CENTER OF KOSOVO  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: As in most countries of the world also at Kosovo the rate of Cesarean section from year to year is increasing. Aim: The main purpose of this paper was to present the incidence of births completed by Caesarean section at the Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics of University Clinical Center of Kosovo in Prishtinë. Material and methods: This study is retrospective, namely its made by collecting epidemiological data from patients’ histories that completed birth by Caesarean section for the period 2000-2006 in this clinic. Results and discussion: During this period, 14 maternal deaths were recorded during or after Caesarean section. Besides this, 14 lethal outcomes, the object of our study was 84 mothers which completed birth by Caesarean section and which are best used as a control group. The average age of mothers who died during or after Caesarean section was 32.1 years (SD ± 4.9). Youngest in this group was 24 years old and oldest 42 years. While the average age of mothers from the control group was 30.6 years (SD ± 5.9). Youngest was 19 and oldest 43 years, without significant difference. Most mothers included in the survey had more than one indication for Caesarean section. The most frequent indication was PIH syndrome with 33.7% and previous Caesarean section in 32.7%. Then with the participation of 12.2% were abruption of the placenta and disproportio feto pelvinea, 11.2% pelvinea and placenta praevia presentation, 10.2% parturiens while other indications were much rarer with less than 10% participation. Conclusion: Based on this we can conclude that the risk of the Caesarean section is high.

Elshani, Brikene; Daci, Armond; Gashi, Sanije; Lulaj, Shefqet

2012-01-01

227

The incidence of caesarean sections in the university clinical center of kosovo.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: As in most countries of the world also at Kosovo the rate of Cesarean section from year to year is increasing. AIM: The main purpose of this paper was to present the incidence of births completed by Caesarean section at the Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics of University Clinical Center of Kosovo in Prishtinë. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study is retrospective, namely its made by collecting epidemiological data from patients' histories that completed birth by Caesarean section for the period 2000-2006 in this clinic. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: During this period, 14 maternal deaths were recorded during or after Caesarean section. Besides this, 14 lethal outcomes, the object of our study was 84 mothers which completed birth by Caesarean section and which are best used as a control group. The average age of mothers who died during or after Caesarean section was 32.1 years (SD ± 4.9). Youngest in this group was 24 years old and oldest 42 years. While the average age of mothers from the control group was 30.6 years (SD ± 5.9). Youngest was 19 and oldest 43 years, without significant difference. Most mothers included in the survey had more than one indication for Caesarean section. The most frequent indication was PIH syndrome with 33.7% and previous Caesarean section in 32.7%. Then with the participation of 12.2% were abruption of the placenta and disproportio feto pelvinea, 11.2% pelvinea and placenta praevia presentation, 10.2% parturiens while other indications were much rarer with less than 10% participation. CONCLUSION: Based on this we can conclude that the risk of the Caesarean section is high.

Elshani B; Daci A; Gashi S; Lulaj S

2012-12-01

228

Final Technical Report for Industrial Assessment Center at West Virginia University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) program at West Virginia University (WVU), which is funded by the Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) in the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), has provided a unique opportunity to enhance efficient energy utilization in small to medium-sized manufacturers. It has also provided training to engineering students in the identification and analysis of efficient energy use in each aspect of the manufacturing process and associated supporting elements. The outcomes of the IAC Program at WVU have assisted the manufacturers and the students in having a heightened sensitivity to industrial energy conservation, waste reduction, and productivity improvement, as well as a better understanding of the technical aspects of manufacturing processes and the supporting elements through which efficient energy utilization can be enhanced. The IAC at WVU has conducted 101 energy assessments from 2002 until 2006. The focus of the industrial assessments has been on energy savings. It has been the IAC’s interest to strongly focus on energy savings and on waste minimization and productivity improvements that strictly have an impact on energy. The IAC at WVU was selected as the Center of the year in 2005 from amongst 26 centers and has obtained a ranking within the top 5 in the previous few years. From 2002 to 2006, the total recommended energy savings produced by the IAC at WVU is 1,214,414 MMBtu, of which the electricity accounts for 93,826,067 kWh (equivalent to 320,226 MMBtu) and natural gas for 871,743 MMBtu. The balance is accounted for in savings in other fuels, mainly coal and wood. This results in an average recommended energy savings of 928,971 kWh from electricity and 8,631 MMBtu from natural gas per facility. The total CO2 emissions saved from 2002 to 2006 is 154,462 tons, with an average of 1,529.3 tons per facility. The average recommended energy cost savings per facility is $135,036. The overall implementation rate of the assessment recommendations is 60.6% for the 101 industrial assessments conducted since 2002. The implemented recommendations resulted in total energy savings of 62,328,006 kWh from electricity, 295,241 MMBtu from natural gas, and 43,593 MMBtu from other fuels, totaling 551,557 MMBtu. The average implemented energy savings per industrial facility is 5,461 MMBtu and the average implemented energy cost savings is $ 59,879. The average implemented energy and productivity cost savings exceeds the program average of $ 60,000 per assessment. The IAC at WVU has produced a variety of energy efficiency recommendations in areas of industrial energy consumption such as Boilers and Steam systems (19), Air Compressors (15), HVAC (4), Chillers (12), Furnaces and Ovens (17), Motors (8), Lighting (20), Insulation (3), CHP and Cogeneration (4), and Process Equipment (7). The project has benefited the public by enabling the reduction of CO2 emissions by 89,726 tons due to the implemented energy saving recommendations at 101 small and medium sized manufacturing facilities. Since CO2 is a green house gas, its reduction will improve the quality of the environment significantly. The reduction in operating costs for the manufacturing facilities in terms of energy cost savings will increase the manufacturing facilities’ profits and improve their competitive edge, thus causing possible expansion in the manufacturing activities, leading to increase in good paying jobs.

Gopalakrishnan, Bhaskaran

2008-01-09

229

Weathering the political and environmental climate of the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper examines various aspects of the Kyoto Protocol, beginning with the science of the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. It also explains how policy-makers evaluate a wide range of scientific arguments. In particular, it examines how climate change affects the delicate prairie ecosystem of Saskatchewan and offers suggestions that address climate change in a manner which protects human health and quality of life. The role that technology and renewable energy sources play in reducing greenhouse gas emissions was also discussed with particular emphasis on using fossil fuels more efficiently, or capturing or storing the emissions before they reach the atmosphere. The paper emphasizes that implementing the Kyoto Protocol and regulating climate change in Canada is both a scientific and socio-economic issue. The six chapters featured in this paper were entitled: science, public policy and the Kyoto Protocol; climate change and Saskatchewan's environment; policy implications of climate change, Kyoto and health; innovative technological solutions for Kyoto; social capital climate change strategies; and, constitutional perspectives on implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. refs., tabs.

Blake, R.B.; Diaz, P.; Piwowar, J.; Polanyi, M.; Robinson, R.; Whyte, J.D.; Wilson, M.

2004-01-01

230

Sixteenth progress report of the Texas A and M University Nuclear Science Center, January 1, 1979-December 31, 1979  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nuclear Science Center is operated by the Texas Engineering Experiment Station as a service to Texas A and M University and the State of Texas. The facility is available to the University, other educational institutions, governmental agencies, and private organizations and individuals. Reactor utilization continued to grow during 1979 with an increase in the total number of irradiations, sample irradiation hours, number of samples irradiated, and total experiment hours. Reactor operation of 85.71 Mw-days for 1979 was essentially the same as the previous year. The reactor was not pulsed during the reporting period due to a restriction on pulsing until the fuel damage study is completed

231

An overview of the comprehensive proton therapy machine quality assurance procedures implemented at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Center-Houston  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The number of proton and carbon ion therapy centers is increasing; however, since the publication of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements report, there has been no dedicated report dealing with proton therapy quality assurance. The purpose of this article is to describe the quality assurance procedures performed on the passively scattered proton therapy beams at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Center in Houston. The majorities of these procedures are either adopted from procedures outlined in the American Association of Physicists in Medical Task Group (TG) 40 report or are a modified version of the TG 40 procedures. In addition, new procedures, which were designed specifically to be applicable to the synchrotron at the author's center, have been implemented. The authors' procedures were developed and customized to ensure patient safety and accurate operation of synchrotron to within explicit limits. This article describes these procedures and can be used by others as a guideline for developing QA procedures based on particle accelerator specific parameters and local regulations pertinent to any new facility.

Arjomandy, Bijan; Sahoo, Narayan; Zhu, X. Ronald; Zullo, John R.; Wu, Richard Y.; Zhu Mingping; Ding Xiaoning; Martin, Craig; Ciangaru, George; Gillin, Michael T. [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1840 Old Spanish Trail, Houston, Texas 77025 (United States)

2009-06-15

232

The Center for the Holographic Arts Begins a New Artist Workshop and Residency Program in Conjunction with Ohio State University  

Science.gov (United States)

This year the Center for the Holographic Arts (Holocenter) kicked off a new Artist Workshop and Residency Program in conjunction with Ohio State University. The newly renovated holography facility houses the Holocenter's pulse laser camera and two recording tables with continuous wave lasers. This facility is being utilized for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Art and Technology as well as the Artist Workshop and Residency Program.

Mrongovius, Martina; Kagan, Harris; Moree, Sam

2013-02-01

233

Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, annual report 1998. April 1, 1998 - March 31, 1999  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The operation of the 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerators was very stable until December 12, 1998. A total beam time for experiments is 2383 hours. This report describes the activities at Tandem Accelerator Center of the University of Tsukuba in fiscal year 1998. The 32 reports are presented in the 4 categories; that are (1) Accelerator and Experimental Facilities (7 reports), (2) Nuclear Physics (12 reports), (3) Atomic and Solid State Physics, and Cluster Science (10 reports), (4) Ion Beam Application (3 reports). New development of experimental instruments were made on a proton polarimeter at very low energies, a detector of atomic cluster at low velocity, a long focal-plane position sensitive detector, and a liquid-helium-free superconducting solenoid for an Ecr ion source. In the field of nuclear physics, progresses were made in proton total-reaction cross sections, the continuum discretized coupled channel (CDCC) theory, (d, ?X) reactions, 7Li breakup reactions, hole states via (p, d) reaction, and nuclear structure physics by means of in-beam ? ray spectroscopy. New approaches were initiated on the precise measurement of proton-proton elastic scattering to search for magnetic monopole, and on perturbed angular correlations to measure nuclear g-factors in the pico second region. The investigation of ion-induced secondary electron is made in the binary-encounter electron emission from crystalline and nline targets. An applicability of ion-induced Auger electrons to structure analysis was also demonstrated. An experiments of Br and I ions opened a new approach to the study of structural defects in amorphous silica. The study of deuteron implantation into silicon single crystal resulted in an interpretation of macroscopic migration. Microscopic migration was investigated on some metals. In atomic cluster physics, angular distributions of several noble-gas ions were measured to derive a new interaction potential. Mass spectra of semiconductor and 3d-transition metal clusters were also studied. A careful test experiment of PIXE was performed on the trace element analysis of single fluid inclusions in minerals. (Y. Tanaka)

1999-01-01

234

Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers: Model Partnerships (Revised 7/96)  

Science.gov (United States)

... including State governments, National Laboratories, and other Federal agencies. Most universities ... can be done in place rather than at the laboratory, saving both time and money while perhaps ...

235

Establishing a minority-based community clinical oncology program: the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School-university Hospital Cancer Center experience.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Minority-Based Community Clinical Oncology Program (MB-CCOP) at University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School-University Hospital Cancer Center was established to serve an unmet need in a medically, educationally, and socioeconomically underserved community of primarily African American and Latino patients in Newark and Essex County, New Jersey. The MB-CCOP was built on an existing infrastructure of multidisciplinary teams of cancer specialists who collaborated in patient care and an existing clinical research program, which included multilingual staff and a breast cancer navigator. This article highlights some of the unique opportunities and challenges involved in the startup of an MB-CCOP specifically relevant to an academic setting. We present a guide to the necessary infrastructure and institutional support that must be in place before considering such a program and some of the steps an institution can take to overcome barriers preventing successful enrollment of patients onto clinical trials.

Wieder R; Teal R; Saunders T; Weiner BJ

2013-03-01

236

Possibilities and conditions for joint implementation after Kyoto; Muligheter og betingelser for felles gjennomfoering etter Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report discusses the consequences of the Kyoto Protocol for joint implementation projects. These are projects where actors from one country funds measures that give reduced emissions of climate gases in another country (host country). The investor may use the reduction obtained to meet his own climate commitment. The report discusses some of the main types of such projects, surveys current prices of joint implementation projects and the main categories of host countries. The report tries to give a general impression of joint implementation projects rather than to give details of individual projects. It is pointed out that there are still many unanswered questions around joint implementations and a strong need for the development of rules and procedures. Forest projects seem to be economically competitive with industrial projects, but this may change with time. 33 refs., 3 figs., 8 tabs.

Ringius, Lasse; Naess, Lars Otto; Torvanger, Asbjoern

1998-11-01

237

Carbon Sequestered, Carbon Displaced and the Kyoto Context  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The integrated system that embraces forest management, forest products, and land-use change impacts the global carbon cycle - and hence the net emission of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide - in four fundamental ways. Carbon is stored in living and dead biomass, carbon is stored in wood products and landfills, forest products substitute in the market place for products made from other materials, and forest harvests can be used wholly or partially to displace fossil fuels in the energy sector. Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change would result in the creation of international markets for carbon dioxide emissions credits, but the current Kyoto text does not treat all carbon identically. We have developed a carbon accounting model, GORCAM, to examine a variety of scenarios for land management and the production of forest products. In this paper we explore, for two simple scenarios of forest management, the carbon flows that occur and how these might be accounted for under the Kyoto text. The Kyoto protocol raises questions about what activities can result in emissions credits, which carbon reservoirs will be counted, who will receive the credits, and how much credit will be available? The Kyoto Protocol would sometimes give credits for carbon sequestered, but it would always give credits when fossil-fuel carbon dioxide emissions are displaced.

Marland, G.; Schlamadinger, B.

1999-04-18

238

Operation of the Nuclear Radiation Center as an all-university facility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The TRIGA at WSU is part of an all university research unit and its structure and work organization are presented. The facility seeks users from the university and from outside the university. In many cases projects are jointly sponsored by NRC faculty together with faculty from elsewhere on campus. In other cases neutrons or free use of other equipment is provided. The promotional efforts are rather sharply focused on environmental and health related problems. The effects of the institutional arrangement on the operation of the Centre are discussed

1972-01-01

239

The role of university hospitals as centers of excellence for shared health-care-delivery of in- and outpatients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Problem. Health care delivery in Germany has to face severe challenges that will lead to a closer integration of services for in- and out-patients. University hospitals play an important role due to their activities in research, education and health care delivery. They are requested to promote and evaluate new means and ways for health care delivery. Methods. The Institute of Clinical Radiology at the University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University started teleradiological services for hospitals and general practices in January 1999 in the framework of the ''Imaging services - teleradiological center of excellence''. Legal, technical and organizational prerequisites were analyzed. Results. Networks between university hospitals and general practices are not likely to solve all future problems. They will, however, increase the availability of the knowledge of experts even in rural areas and contribute to a quality ensured health care at the patients home. Future developments may lead to international co-operations and such services may be available to patients abroad. Conclusion. Legal, technical and organizational obstacles have to be overcome to create a framework for high quality telemedical applications. University hospitals will play an important role in promoting and evaluating teleradiological services. (orig.)

2002-01-01

240

Clinical characteristics of dental emergencies and prevalence of dental trauma at a university hospital emergency center in Korea.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics of dental emergency patients who visited a university hospital emergency center and to evaluate the incidence of dental trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients with dental complaints and who visited the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital (SNUBH) emergency center in Gyeonggi-do, Korea, from January 2009 to December 2009 was conducted. Information regarding age, gender, the time, day, and month of presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and follow up was collected and analyzed. RESULTS: One thousand four hundred twenty-five patients with dental problems visited the SNUBH emergency center. Dental patients accounted for 1.47% of the total 96,708 patients at the emergency center. The male-to-female ratio was 1.68:1, with a considerably larger number of male patients (62.7%). The age distribution peak was at 0-9 years (27.5%), followed by patients in their forties (14.1%). The number of patients visiting the dental emergency center peaked in May (14.2%), on Sundays (22.4%), and between 2100 and 2400 h (20.8%). The patients' chief complaints were as follows: dental trauma, dental infection, oral bleeding, and temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD). The prevalence of dental trauma was 66%. CONCLUSIONS: The reasons for dental emergency visits included the following: dental trauma, dental infection, oral bleeding, and TMD, with 66% of the patients requiring management of dental trauma. It is important that dentists make a prompt, accurate diagnosis and initiate effective treatment in case of dental emergencies, especially dental trauma.

Bae JH; Kim YK; Choi YH

2011-10-01

 
 
 
 
241

[Analysis of antineoplastic drugs used in Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University, during the period of 1996-2005].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Lately, the prevention, treatment and research of cancer have developed rapidly. Antineoplastic drugs have become one of the major measures for cancer therapy. Many new antineoplastic drugs have been discovered and prepared, and used to treat tumors. Cancer Center of Sun Yat-sen University is one of the biggest cancer hospitals in South China. The use of antineoplastic drugs of this center can reflect changes in this area. This study was to analyze and evaluate the situation and trend of antineoplastic drugs used in Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University from 1996 and 2005, in order to provide references for the rational use of drugs in clinical application. METHODS: Consumption of antineoplastic drugs was analyzed by sum and defined daily dose (DDDs) ranking. RESULTS: The costs of antineoplastic drugs occupied 31.0%-48.8% of all drugs from 1996 to 2005; and the average increasing ratio is 21.5%. The cost rate of anti-cancer vegetable drugs and other genus increased the quickest, while the total costs of alkylate increased the slowest during the ten years. Some new monoantibodies and gene drugs were continuously applied in clinical use. CONCLUSION: The direction of the research and development of antineoplastic drugs is towards high efficiency, low toxicity and individualized use.

Zhong JT; Huang HB; Lin ZC; Liu T; Lin PL

2006-08-01

242

Submission to the British Columbia government on the Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The Business Council provided its comments concerning the Kyoto Protocol and climate change to the government of British Columbia, recommending that a clear position be established quickly on the matter. The adopted position should also be disseminated broadly to allow stake holders sufficient time to prepare for the upcoming meetings of the Joint Ministers and First Ministers. The federal government has announced that the decision on whether to ratify the Kyoto Protocol will be made before the end of 2002, and this decision will have numerous effects on the people of British Columbia, businesses, workers, and consumers alike. The Business Council of British Columbia believes that the unique interests of the province can best be protected by a proactive approach. Actions plans are being prepared by several of the other provinces and territories, who have already stated their position concerning the Kyoto Protocol. The long-term risks of climate change for British Columbia have not been determined nor have the elements of a provincial approach. The following elements should be included in British Columbia's position on the Kyoto Protocol, according to the Business Council of British Columbia: (1) a credible and cost-effective implementation plan that does not unduly burden the province and other jurisdictions must be developed before Canada decides to ratify the Protocol. British Columbia should go on the record stating it does not support the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in its present form. (2) the province should advocate for a national approach to climate change that can be achieved within a reasonable time frame, reflects the long-term nature of the problem, and is in agreement with the economic development objectives of British Columbia, (3) a plan detailing how the province intends to deal with the growth of greenhouse gas emissions should supplement and support the position of the province on the Kyoto Protocol. Consumers and business should be engaged in the development of measures to reduce the intensity of emissions of the province's economy

2002-01-01

243

Thirty years of derivation of geomagnetic indices at the WDC for geomagnetism, Kyoto and lessons learnt  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Complete text of publication follows. The derivation of AE, Dst and ASY/SYM indices started at the WDC for Geomagnetism, Kyoto, in 1978, 1985 and 1990, respectively. Before we started derivation of the AE indices, they were derived at the University of Alaska and then at NOAA. On the Dst index, it was derived and distributed by Prof. Masahisa Sugiura for long time at NASA/GSFC and when he moved to Kyoto University, we succeeded the service. The method of derivation of the AE and the Dst indices had been established when we succeeded derivation and they were rather simple. Most of the problems we had so far relate to obtaining the data used for the derivation. It is essential to get continuous data with high quality, however, it is not so easy for each observatory to keep the quality high under severe conditions in economic, political or technical aspects. International supports such as IAGA resolutions helped very much to improve the situation and continue derivation. Another problem we experienced was the change (or variety) of needs. Progress in space weather research or many new satellite programs requested more quick (or real-time) derivation of the indices, and our efforts were devoted to near real-time data transfer and derivation since middle of 1990's. The efforts still continue under the collaboration with various groups, institutions and observatories. In this talk, we report our current status.

2009-01-01

244

Report: demonstrable progresses of the France according the Kyoto protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document constitutes the report of the France on the demonstrable progresses according the application of the 3 article of the Kyoto protocol. The first chapter is a description of the french climatic policy, as the second presents the tendencies and the projections concerning the greenhouse effect gases emissions. The chapter 3 details the policies effects and the measures ( energy, transport, industry and wastes). The last chapter is devoted to the respect of the other engagements articles 10 and 11 of the Kyoto protocol. (A.L.B.)

2006-01-01

245

Final Report for The University of Texas at Arlington Optical Medical Imaging Section of Advanced Imaging Research Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The goal of this project was to create state-of-the-art optical medical imaging laboratories for the Biomedical Engineering faculty and student researchers of the University of Texas at Arlington (UTA) on the campus of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UTSW). This has been successfully achieved. These laboratories provide an unprecedented opportunity for the bioengineers (from UTA) to bring about new breakthroughs in medical imaging using optics. Specifically, three major laboratories have been successfully established and state-of-the-art scientific instruments have been placed in the labs. As a result of this grant, numerous journal and conference publications have been generated, patents for new inventions have been filed and received, and many additional grants for the continuation of the research has been received.

Khosrow Behbehani

2013-02-26

246

A Three Year Undergraduate Program (B.SC) in Medical Radiation Physics in the Ariel University Center of Samaria  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A three year undergraduate program (B.Sc.) in Medical Radiation Physics was established in the Ariel University Center of Samaria. The program was submitted to the Council of Higher Education (MALAG) in 2003 and was finally approved by the Council on October 2005. Registration for the first class was announced in January 2006. Studies started on October 2006. Of 24 candidates who applied, 16 were admitted. 12 of the 16 students completed their study duties in the first year. All of them started their second year studies in October 2007.

2008-02-19

247

Protocolos de Montreal e Kyoto: pontos em comum e diferenças fundamentais Montreal and Kyoto Protocols: common points and essential differences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os Protocolos de Montreal e Kyoto, tratados internacionais de defesa do meio ambiente e da vida, controlam gases que provocam o buraco na camada de ozônio e o efeito estufa, respectivamente, resultantes de atividades industriais e uso da terra. O artigo enfatiza pontos comuns e diferenças entre eles, fornecendo atualização dos protocolos.Montreal and Kyoto Protocols, international treaties, aim at safeguarding the environment and life by controlling the use of gases which deplete the ozone layer and cause the greenhouse effect, respectively, due to industrial and land use activities. The article highlights common points and differences and provides an update discussion about the protocols.

Darly Henriques da Silva

2009-01-01

248

Protocolos de Montreal e Kyoto: pontos em comum e diferenças fundamentais/ Montreal and Kyoto Protocols: common points and essential differences  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Os Protocolos de Montreal e Kyoto, tratados internacionais de defesa do meio ambiente e da vida, controlam gases que provocam o buraco na camada de ozônio e o efeito estufa, respectivamente, resultantes de atividades industriais e uso da terra. O artigo enfatiza pontos comuns e diferenças entre eles, fornecendo atualização dos protocolos. Abstract in english Montreal and Kyoto Protocols, international treaties, aim at safeguarding the environment and life by controlling the use of gases which deplete the ozone layer and cause the greenhouse effect, respectively, due to industrial and land use activities. The article highlights common points and differences and provides an update discussion about the protocols.

Silva, Darly Henriques da

2009-12-01

249

A systematic strategic planning process focused on improved community engagement by an academic health center: the University of Kansas Medical Center's story.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A growing number of academic health centers (AHCs) are considering approaches to expand collaboration with their communities in order to address complex and multisystem health concerns. In 2010, internal leaders at the University of Kansas Medical Center undertook a strategic planning process to enhance both community engagement activities and the scholarship resulting from these engagement activities. The authors describe the strategic planning process, recommendations, and actions associated with elevating community engagement within the AHC's mission and priorities. The strategic planning process included conducting an inventory of community engagement activities within the AHC; analyzing strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats for community engagement work; and identifying goals and strategies to improve future community engagement activities and scholarship. The resulting road map for enhancing community engagement at their institution through 2015 consists of four main strategies: emphasize scholarship in community engagement, revise organizational structures to better facilitate community engagement, prioritize current engagement activities to ensure appropriate use of resources, and enhance communication of engagement initiatives to further develop stakeholder relationships.The authors also discuss implementation of the plan to date and highlight lessons learned that may inform other AHCs as they enhance and expand similar endeavors.

Cook DC; Nelson EL; Ast C; Lillis T

2013-05-01

250

A systematic strategic planning process focused on improved community engagement by an academic health center: the University of Kansas Medical Center's story.  

Science.gov (United States)

A growing number of academic health centers (AHCs) are considering approaches to expand collaboration with their communities in order to address complex and multisystem health concerns. In 2010, internal leaders at the University of Kansas Medical Center undertook a strategic planning process to enhance both community engagement activities and the scholarship resulting from these engagement activities. The authors describe the strategic planning process, recommendations, and actions associated with elevating community engagement within the AHC's mission and priorities. The strategic planning process included conducting an inventory of community engagement activities within the AHC; analyzing strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats for community engagement work; and identifying goals and strategies to improve future community engagement activities and scholarship. The resulting road map for enhancing community engagement at their institution through 2015 consists of four main strategies: emphasize scholarship in community engagement, revise organizational structures to better facilitate community engagement, prioritize current engagement activities to ensure appropriate use of resources, and enhance communication of engagement initiatives to further develop stakeholder relationships.The authors also discuss implementation of the plan to date and highlight lessons learned that may inform other AHCs as they enhance and expand similar endeavors. PMID:23524916

Cook, David C; Nelson, Eve-Lynn; Ast, Cori; Lillis, Teresa

2013-05-01

251

77 FR 59968 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Stanford University Archaeology Center, Stanford, CA  

Science.gov (United States)

...2200-1100-665] Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Stanford University Archaeology...Indian tribes, has determined that the cultural items meet the definition of sacred object...to be culturally affiliated with the cultural items may contact the Stanford...

2012-10-01

252

Universal energy-dispersive EXAFS spectrometer on the SR beam at the 'Kurchatov Institute' National Center  

CERN Multimedia

The scheme of the energy-dispersive EXAFS spectrometer is discussed. The spectrometer will be used for solid-state investigations on the Kurchatov Synchrotron Radiation Source (KSRS). The main elements of the universal station are described, including the results of the position-sensitive X-ray-detector testing.

Aksenov, V; Ivanov, I; Jeludeva, S; Kovalchiuk, M; Kovalenko, M; Minashkin, V F; Scintee, N; Shalyapin, V N; Skadorov, V V; Tiutiunnikov, S

2000-01-01

253

Universal energy-dispersive EXAFS spectrometer on the SR beam at the ``Kurchatov Institute'' National Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The scheme of the energy-dispersive EXAFS spectrometer is discussed. The spectrometer will be used for solid-state investigations on the Kurchatov Synchrotron Radiation Source (KSRS). The main elements of the universal station are described, including the results of the position-sensitive X-ray-detector testing.

Aksenov, V.; Gyngazov, L.; Ivanov, I.; Jeludeva, S.; Kovalchiuk, M.; Kovalenko, M.; Minashkin, V.; Scintee, N.; Shaliapin, V.; Skadorov, V.; Tiutiunnikov, S.

2000-06-01

254

An example of a DOE [Department of Energy]/university partnership: South Carolina Pilot Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A consortium of educational institutions in South Carolina proposed to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in July 1989 a working partnership for mutual improvement of technical capability in the environmental restoration and waste management fields. The institutions forming the consortium are Clemson University, the University of South Carolina, the Medical University of South Carolina, and South Carolina State College. A major component of the partnership is applied research closely coupled with the problems and issues of the Savannah River site regarding demonstration of waste management processes and concepts of disposal and disposal site closure. A primary benefit to DOE from this partnership is expected to be improved public perception of the actions being taken by DOE to protect the public, particularly in areas of environmental restoration and waste management. It is evident at the Savannah River site that this is a key factor in successfully achieving the site's mission. The strength of the interest of the South Carolina institutions in developing initiatives in waste management forecasts a healthy long-term prospect for the partnership. The State of South Carolina has established a hazardous waste research fund of approximately $650 thousand annually for research by the partnership universities to seek better ways to maintain a healthy environment and to reduce, dispose of, or store waste products safely

1990-01-01

255

Yoga for Stress Management Program as a Complementary Alternative Counseling Resource in a University Counseling Center  

Science.gov (United States)

A Yoga for Stress Management Program (YSMP) that served as a complementary alternative therapy resource was successfully implemented at a midsize, predominantly undergraduate university. It was offered in addition to traditional treatments for student mental health. Counselors, Residence Life staff, and faculty found that the program was useful…

Milligan, Colleen K.

2006-01-01

256

A Collaborative Effort at Marketing the University: Detailing a Student-Centered Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

|In this article, the authors describe the use of an experiential team-based project in a capstone marketing management course. In the project, students worked with the university administration to develop a marketing plan for the Admissions Office's Tour Guide Program. The authors discuss why such marketing activities are important to colleges…

Washburn, Judith H.; Petroshius, Susan M.

2004-01-01

257

Building a Creative-Arts Therapy Group at a University Counseling Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Creative-arts therapy groups offer university students powerful ways to address intrapersonal and interpersonal concerns. These groups combine the strengths of a traditional process group with the benefits of participation in the expressive arts. The creative process draws students in, invites insight and introspection, and facilitates outward…

Boldt, Randal W.; Paul, Sherin

2011-01-01

258

The new E.ON Energy Research Center at RWTH Aachen University; Das neue E.ON Energy Research Center an der RWTH Aachen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The new E.ON Energy Research Center at RWTH Aachen university is a unique project of E.ON AG and RWTH Aachen in the context of a public private partnership. The research centre was founded in 2006 for the purpose of interdisciplinary research on innovative solution for future power supply, with particular interest in systematic investigations of a more general kind. Since the beginning of the winter semester of 2007/2008, five institutes of different disciplines have been cooperating in investigating problems of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and climate protection. The extent and quality of cooperative research between universities and private business organisation was unheard-of so far. At the core of the cooperation, there are two departments of RWTH (Power Generation and Storage Systems/Prof. Rik W. De Doncker and Applied Geophysics and Geothermal Energy/Prof. Christoph Clauser) and three E.ON partner institutes (Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior/Prof. Reinhard Madlener, Energy Efficient Buildings and Indoor Climate/Prof. Dirk Mueller and Automation of Complex Power Systems/N.N.). For a period of ten years, E.ON will provide a total of 40 million Euros. The funds are not funds in the usual sense but Spenden, i.e. the results will be made available to the public. This will make it possible to implement important research projects for which third party funds would be difficult to acquire otherwise. (orig.)

Sweekhorst, Rolf [Redaktionsbuero Dr. Rolf Sweekhorst, Aachen (Germany)

2008-07-01

259

Kyoto and the greenhouse effect economy. CEA report n.39  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This economic analysis deals with the necessary efforts to fight the climatic change and the kyoto protocol efficiency. In this framework this study shows how, in this domain, the economic calculation is important for the decision making. (A.L.B.)

2003-01-01

260

Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol without Russian participation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract:All Annex B parties but Russia, Australia and USA, have ratified the Kyoto Protocol so far. It is still anopen question whether Russia will ratify and secure that the Protocol enters into force. This papertherefore analyzes consequences of some proposed alternatives if the Russians decide n...

Holtsmark, Bjart; Alfsen, Knut H.

 
 
 
 
261

The costs and benefits of early action before Kyoto compliance  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Transaction costs have negative effects on emissions trading. Recent debates on the Kyoto Protocol have emphasized the potential threat of transaction costs to the implementation of emissions trading for the Protocol and consequently to the successful implementation of the Protocol. One way to suppress transaction costs is to use experience. In line with the EU Green Paper, we propose that an experimental early action before the Kyoto period could be helpful to reduce the transaction costs in emissions trading for the Kyoto compliance. However, because early action will incur additional costs, the final gain due to early action will be the cost-saving net of the costs of early action. This paper explores the relationship between the transaction costs in emissions trading and the early action effort to reduce transaction costs in the case of Kyoto Protocol. We find that in general early action can effectively offset transaction costs and thus are economically efficient. Only in the case of high transaction costs and constantly slow learning process, early action may become inefficient. (author)

Haoran Pan [University of Cambridge (United Kingdom). Dept. of Applied Economics; Regemorter, D. van [University of Leuven (Belgium). Dept. of Economics

2004-09-01

262

Making it work: Kyoto, trade and politics : Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In this document, the author examines the constraints that would be placed on policy makers in the event of the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, and how it would affect trade agreements and federalism in Canada. A description of the Protocol and the concessions (carbon sinks and international emissions trading) gained by Canada are presented at the beginning of the document. The author offers several conclusions that could disturb both proponents and opponents of the Kyoto Protocol. It is said that the implementation of Kyoto can take a route other than that of drastic domestic emissions reductions, and this position is explored in the second section. The author indicates that corporate competitiveness could be boosted by strict environmental regulations. A range of policies that could be adopted by Canada, as proposed by numerous organizations, are highlighted in the third section of the document. The point of the World Trade Organization and the constraints imposed are not necessarily preventing all types of actions. However, the author is of the opinion that the North America Free Trade Agreement represents a real threat to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Finally, it is indicated that Canada requires a national electricity policy, where big hydro utilities and public investment have major roles to play

2002-01-01

263

Making it work: Kyoto, trade and politics : Executive summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this document, the author examines the constraints that would be placed on policy makers in the event of the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, and how it would affect trade agreements and federalism in Canada. A description of the Protocol and the concessions (carbon sinks and international emissions trading) gained by Canada are presented at the beginning of the document. The author offers several conclusions that could disturb both proponents and opponents of the Kyoto Protocol. It is said that the implementation of Kyoto can take a route other than that of drastic domestic emissions reductions, and this position is explored in the second section. The author indicates that corporate competitiveness could be boosted by strict environmental regulations. A range of policies that could be adopted by Canada, as proposed by numerous organizations, are highlighted in the third section of the document. The point of the World Trade Organization and the constraints imposed are not necessarily preventing all types of actions. However, the author is of the opinion that the North America Free Trade Agreement represents a real threat to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Finally, it is indicated that Canada requires a national electricity policy, where big hydro utilities and public investment have major roles to play.

Urquhar, I.

2002-11-01

264

Projektarbejde i fremmedsprogene: Rapport fra seminar pa Roskilde Universitetscenter (Project Work in Foreign Languages: Report from a Seminar at Roskilde University Center). ROLIG-papir 38.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes a seminar at Roskilde University Center (Denmark) on project work in foreign languages, which brought together language teachers and theorists from different schools, including universities, business schools, technical schools, merchants schools, and high schools, to discuss their experiences with project work in foreign…

Jakobsen, Karen Sonne, Ed.

265

Ocean iron fertilization in the context of the Kyoto protocol and the post-Kyoto process  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Ocean iron fertilization is currently discussed as a potential measure to mitigate climate change by enhancing oceanic CO{sub 2} uptake. Its mitigation potential is not yet well explored, and carbon offsets generated through iron fertilization activities could currently not be traded on regulated carbon markets. Still, commercial interests in ocean iron fertilization already exist, which underlines the need to investigate a possible regulatory framework for it. To this end, I first discuss important basic aspects of ocean iron fertilization, namely its scientific background, quantitative potential, side effects, and costs. In a second step, I review regulatory aspects connected to ocean iron fertilization, like its legal status and open access issues. Moreover, I analyze how the regulations for afforestation and reforestation activities within the framework of the Kyoto Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) could be applied to ocean iron fertilization. Main findings are that the quantitative potential of ocean iron fertilization is limited, that costs are higher than initially hoped, and that potential adverse side effects are severe. Moreover, the legal status of ocean iron fertilization is currently not well defined, open access might cause inefficiencies, and the CDM regulations could not be easily applied to ocean iron fertilization. (author)

Bertram, Christine [Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Duesternbrooker Weg 120, 24105 Kiel (Germany)

2010-02-15

266

Ocean iron fertilization in the context of the Kyoto protocol and the post-Kyoto process  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ocean iron fertilization is currently discussed as a potential measure to mitigate climate change by enhancing oceanic CO2 uptake. Its mitigation potential is not yet well explored, and carbon offsets generated through iron fertilization activities could currently not be traded on regulated carbon markets. Still, commercial interests in ocean iron fertilization already exist, which underlines the need to investigate a possible regulatory framework for it. To this end, I first discuss important basic aspects of ocean iron fertilization, namely its scientific background, quantitative potential, side effects, and costs. In a second step, I review regulatory aspects connected to ocean iron fertilization, like its legal status and open access issues. Moreover, I analyze how the regulations for afforestation and reforestation activities within the framework of the Kyoto Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) could be applied to ocean iron fertilization. Main findings are that the quantitative potential of ocean iron fertilization is limited, that costs are higher than initially hoped, and that potential adverse side effects are severe. Moreover, the legal status of ocean iron fertilization is currently not well defined, open access might cause inefficiencies, and the CDM regulations could not be easily applied to ocean iron fertilization.

2010-01-01

267

Ocean fertilization, carbon credits and the Kyoto Protocol  

Science.gov (United States)

Commercial interest in ocean fertilization as a carbon sequestration tool was excited by the December 1997 agreement of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Convention on Climate Change. The Protocol commits industrialized countries to caps on net greenhouse gas emissions and allows for various flexible mechanisms to achieve these caps in the most economically efficient manner possible, including trade in carbon credits from projects that reduce emissions or enhance sinks. The carbon market was valued at 64 billion in 2007, with the bulk of the trading (50 billion) taking place in the highly regulated European Union Emission Trading Scheme, which deals primarily in emission allowances in the energy sector. A much smaller amount, worth $265 million, was traded in the largely unregulated "voluntary" market (Capoor and Ambrosi 2008). As the voluntary market grows, so do calls for its regulation, with several efforts underway to set rules and standards for the sale of voluntary carbon credits using the Kyoto Protocol as a starting point. Four US-based companies and an Australian company currently seek to develop ocean fertilization technologies for the generation of carbon credits. We review these plans through the lens of the Kyoto Protocol and its flexible mechanisms, and examine whether and how ocean fertilization could generate tradable carbon credits. We note that at present, ocean sinks are not included in the Kyoto Protocol, and that furthermore, the Kyoto Protocol only addresses sources and sinks of greenhouse gases within national boundaries, making open-ocean fertilization projects a jurisdictional challenge. We discuss the negotiating history behind the limited inclusion of land use, land use change and forestry in the Kyoto Protocol and the controversy and eventual compromise concerning methodologies for terrestrial carbon accounting. We conclude that current technologies for measuring and monitoring carbon sequestration following ocean fertilization are unlikely to meet the Kyoto Protocol's verification and accounting standards for trading carbon credits on the regulated market. The marketability of ocean fertilization in the voluntary carbon marketplace will likely depend on companies' efforts to minimize environmental risks and consumers' willingness to accept remaining risks.

Westley, M. B.; Gnanadesikan, A.

2008-12-01

268

[Relationship between phacoemulsification and extracapsular cataract extraction at University Department of Ophthalmology, Split University Hospital Center, during the 1997-2009 period].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the study was to show the relationship between phacoemulsification and extracapsular cataract extraction at University Department of Ophthalmology, Split University Hospital Center (assessing the length of postoperative hospital stay and postoperative visual acuity), during the 1997-2009 period. We also wanted to explore the tendency of using different types of intraocular lenses. The study was designed as a retrospective analysis of operative records. Data were collected on all patients operated for cataract at our Department during the study period. We compared the mean duration of postoperative hospital stay and mean postoperative visual acuity between 1997/1998 (more than 90% were treated with ECCE technique) and 2007/2008 (more than 90% were treated with PHACO technique). Information was also collected on the type of lenses implanted. The rate of cataract extraction by phacoemulsification was less than 10% in 1997/1998, then progressively rising to reach 99.2% in 2009. The mean hospital stay was 5.73 (range 2-19) days in 1997/1998 as compared with 1.99 (range 0.02-1) days in 2007/2008. The mean uncorrected postoperative visual acuity was 0.71 (range 0.01-1.0) in 2007/2008. In conclusion, the number of cataract patients operated on by the phacoemulsification technique progressively and significantly increased during the 1997-2009 period, confirming the method as the most acceptable and less traumatic technique that is applicable in most of cataract patients.

Bu?an K; Medi? A; Znaor L; Stani? R; Galetovi? D; Ivanisevi? M; Karaman K; Rogosi? V; Karlica D

2010-07-01

269

Quality assessment of family planning counseling in health and treatment centers, affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study is a descriptive one made for the purpose of quality assessment of family planning counseling in health and treatment centers affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences in year 2000. 410 client of the Family Planning Social Services who had attended 25 health and treatment centers affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences were participated in this research study. A checklist was completed through the observation of family planning counseling sessions. The finding and results of this study showed that personnel's behaviour and the quality of family planning counseling for the majority of samples in the first section have been suitable. In the section of the history taking from clients helping them to select suitable method and to determine next appointment, data for the majority of samples in this study have been in an average level. In the section of need understanding of clients introductory methods providing information the audiovisual training equipments used during family planning counseling, explanation of way of utilizing the selected method, and finally the environment for family planning counseling have not been suitable for majority of the samples. The findings of this study can be beneficial for public health planning in order to improve the quality of the family planning services.

Pakgohar; M. (M.Sc); Rahimikian; F. (M.Sc); Mehran; A. (M.Sc); Mohammadi; T. (M.Sc).

2002-01-01

270

Liver transplantation at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis, Tennessee: the current era 2006-2012.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Transplantation at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis, which began at the William F. Bowld Hospital and transferred to Methodist University Hospital in 2004, includes pediatric transplantation at LeBonheur Children's Medical Center. The multidisciplinary institute is dedicated to the treatment of patients with end-stage liver and kidney disease and allows those patients access to the integrated expertise of transplant surgeons, hepatologists, and nephrologists. The current, and most successful, era for the program began in 2006, when a change in leadership and clinical vision led to a dramatic increase in clinical activity. These changes have included wider acceptance of potential recipients for liver transplantation and broader use of marginal donor allografts. Streamlined surgical techniques have decreased operative times and have limited blood product usage. Additionally, the program uses an innovative immunosuppression protocol with the world's largest reported series of steroid-free, rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin induction and delayed introduction of tacrolimus in an effort to limit adverse effects of immunosuppression. Such adverse effects may include: infections, post-transplant diabetes mellitus, bone disease, and accelerated fibrosis from recurrent HCV related to steroids and impaired renal function from tacrolimus. These changes have resulted in aggressive donor usage with low complication rates and excellent outcomes.

Vanatta JM; Dryn O; Berkley T; Nair S; Eason JD

2012-01-01

271

A person-centered approach to individualizing a school-based universal preventive intervention.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This manuscript focuses on how individualized components may be embedded within a universal preventive intervention (TimeWise: Taking Charge of Leisure Time) to make program delivery more effective. Leisure related variables (motivation, boredom/interest and peer and parental influence) were used to suggest ways to individualize the program. METHODS: Latent Class Analysis was used to develop individualized risk and strength profiles of adolescents (N = 617). Comparisons were made between a treatment and control group. RESULTS: Four classes were identified: undifferentiated high, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation/amotivation, undifferentiated low. These classes were related to substance use. Membership in the intrinsic class was associated with intervention group while the extrinsic class was related to the control group. CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Results were useful in suggesting ways to tailor a universal prevention program.

Caldwell LL; Bradley S; Coffman D

2009-01-01

272

High Throughput and High Content Screening Capabilities of the University of Cincinnati Drug Discovery Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The Drug Discovery Center collaborates with a wide range of academic and industrial research centers to facilitate the identification of active small molecules with high potential for use as biological probes or as starting points for drug discovery programs. The DDC operates state-of-the-art high throughput and high content screening instrumentation and a diverse 350,000 compound library. The center's personnel provide collaborators with advice in assay design, analytical technology selection, and library design via cheminformatics and/or structure-based approaches. Typical programs are exemplified by an HTS program targeting the identification of novel atypical PKC inhibitors for potential use in cancer and an HCS program targeting the identification of stimulators of the differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells to oligodendrocytes for potential use in multiple sclerosis. Activities of atypical PKCs, PKCiota and PKCzeta, were measured using both fluorescent detection of ADP production and MALDI-TOF detection of substrate phosphorylation. 30,000 compounds were screened for their effect on PKC activity using these orthogonal detection methods to identify potential inhibitors. Oligodendrocyte differentiation was measured in a High Content Screen by pairing a selective marker of oligodendrocytes with Alexa Fluor 488 secondary antibody for the detection of mature ODs. DAPI stain was used for nucleus detection. Confocal microscope images were acquired and analyzed using an algorithm for neurite outgrowth adapted for the characterization of oligodendrocyte processes. Three measurements: Mean Maximum Process Length per Cell, Mean Process Signal Intensity per Cell, and Percentage Differentiated Cells per Well, were quantified by the image analysis script and afforded a statistically significant separation of promoter controls and inhibitor controls from non-treated (neutral) controls with Mean Maximum Process Length as measurement.

Kirby, Jason; Tang, Hong; Najm, Fadi J.; Tesar, Paul J; Greis, Ken; Seibel, William; Papoian, Ruben; Rathore, Rakesh

2013-01-01

273

Corrosion Research Center of the University of Minnesota. Progress report, January 1-December 31, 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many of the projects which began with the inception of the Corrosion Research Center in early 1980 have progressed from the stage of acquisition and assembly of apparatus to that of generation of research results. In the area of research on surface reactions, notable progress has been made on the microscopic theory of corrosion, most importantly the recognition that the quantum mechanical depletion layer at the metal layer makes an appreciable contribution to the potential drop across the metal-electrolyte interface and to the capacitance of the interface

1982-01-01

274

Ash research at the University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The coal combustion by-products (CCB) research program at the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) began in the mid-1970s. Research projects have generally fallen into three basic categories: utilization, environmental impact, and characterization. A key area in coal-ash research has been determining the environmental impacts of CCBs, particularly those of leaching. Several advanced characterization techniques are also routinely employed to understand ash behaviour, in particular, ash hydration reactions. A list of new research topics is given. 1 fig.

Hassett, D.J. [University of North Dakota, Grand Forks ND (United States). Energy and Environmental Research Center

1996-11-01

275

EV car sharing/rental pilot project in Kyoto : an outline of the project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presented a demonstration project in the City of Kyoto, Japan, which is aimed at determining if a Public Car System is an economically viable option for the twenty first century. The Kyoto electric vehicle (EV) car sharing project comprises advanced systems for EV reservation, check-out and return, and fleet operation and management. The most unique feature of this project is that it utilizes the ever expanding Internet and advanced mobile phones with Internet capabilities. Initially, 35 two-seater EVs will be shared by employees and visitors for business-related trips on weekdays and by tourists on weekends. The car sharing will be only short-term for only a single trip. The EV can be checked out and returned to any service depot located at railroad stations, major business centers and tourist attractions for user convenience. The ultimate goal of the project is to promote energy and resource conservation while providing adequate levels of mobility for people. Converting existing fleets to EVs which produce no exhaust gases is considered to be a viable solution to the problem of air pollution caused by traffic jams. tabs., figs.

Kitamura, R. [Kyoto Univ., (Japan). Dept. of Civil Engineering Systems; Masunaga, K. [Japan Electric Vehicle Association, Minato, Tokyo (Japan)

2000-07-01

276

Annual Report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, Nuclear and Solid State Research Project, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 1977, 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator has been operated by the University's researchers and engineers. Except for the tank opening for regular inspection we met twice the troubles which forced to change the accelerating tube. The experiences teach us that it needs about 20 days to finish the conditioning after changing the accelerating tube. A sputter ion source of new version is now being installed on the top floor. Two devices for the detection of X-rays were tested. An apparatus for bombardment of samples in air for biological and medical sciences has been successfully used. The subjects of researches on nuclear physics cover the light-ion reactions, heavy-ion reactions and nuclear spectroscopy. A special emphasis has been put on the measurements on vector- and tensor-analyzing powers in the light-ion reactions, because of a higher efficiency of the polarized ion source. Elaborate works on the heavy-ion reactions including the angular correlation patterns and excitation functions have been made in parallel. Papers of these works are now being prepared, a few having been published already. Moreover, in the University of Tsukuba, a new research system, called Special Research Project on Nuclear and Solid State Sciences Using Accelerated Beams (Nuclear and Solid State Research Project) started in 1978 and will continue for five years. In this research project, researchers from various Institutes in the University of Tsukuba, as well as visiting researchers from other institutions in Japan and from abroad, participate. Using a variety of accelerated beams, i.e. of heavy, light and polarized beams, this research project aims mainly at the high excitation, short life, transient and inhomogeneous states both in nuclear and extra-nuclear world. It covers both fundamental research in nuclear, atomic and solid state sciences as well as their application in various fields. (J.P.N.).

1978-01-01

277

Costs and results of the implementation of the Kyoto Mechanisms; Kosten en gevolgen bij de toepassing van de Kyoto Mechanismen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Unrestricted use of the Kyoto Mechanisms yields substantial cost savings on the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Annex-I emission trading can cut compliance costs by more than a third while global trading can further reduce costs to a fraction of the amount without emission trading. In absolute terms, emission trading may reduce compliance costs up to $300 billion and bring down the permit price below $5 t/CO2. Restricting the use of the Kyoto Mechanisms, such as ceiling on the sales or purchases of emission permits wipes out a substantial part of these cost savings. A ceiling on permits sales has probably a larger impact on emission trading than limiting purchases; mainly the buyers suffer since they have to pay more for emission permits as well as take more expensive domestic measures to reduce emissions. The EU-proposal for a ceiling on both permit sales and purchases favours the USA but harms the EU, a result opposite the negotiating positions of both parties on this subject. Market power and market segmentation also imply limiting the flexibility of emission trading and hence increase compliance costs. The Kyoto Mechanisms have a strong but varying impact on carbon leakage. Without emission trading, carbon leakage is about 10-20% but since Annex-I trading lowers the permit price, the impact on energy prices is lower and hence carbon leakage is only 3-7%. CDM on the other hand increases carbon leakage to 30-40%. [Dutch] Onbeperkte toepassing van de Kyoto Mechanismen kan de kosten van uitvoering van het Kyoto Protocol substantieel verlagen. Vrije emissiehandel tussen Annex-I landen vermindert de kosten met meer dan een derde terwijl mondiale emissiehandel de kosten substantieel verder doet dalen tot een fractie van het bedrag wanneer landen hun Kyoto-doelen op eigen kracht moeten halen. In absolute termen kunnen de totale kosten door mondiale handel tot $300 miljard worden verminderd. De prijs van emissie-eenheden ligt tussen $7 en $25 per ton CO2 bij Annex-I handel en onder de $5 per ton CO2 bij mondiale handel. Beperkingen op de toepassing van de Kyoto Mechanismen, zoals plafonds op aan- en verkopen van emissie-eenheden, impliceren echter hogere kosten om aan het Kyoto Protocol te voldoen. Een handelsplafond op verkopen is mogelijk meer van invloed omdat de gevolgen eerder merkbaar zijn. Vooral de vragers zullen hierbij de nadelen ervaren omdat zij zowel een hogere prijs op de emissiemarkt moeten betalen als meer en duurdere binnenlandse maatregelen moeten treffen. Het EU-voorstel voor een plafond op zowel aan- als verkopen werkt in het voordeel van de USA en het nadeel van de EU, een resultaat dat tegengesteld is aan de onderhandelingsposities die beide partijen hierover innemen. Ook marktmacht en marktsegmentatie betekenen een beperking op vrije emissiehandel en dus hogere kosten. De Kyoto Mechanismen hebben een sterke maar wisselende invloed op het CO2-weglekeffect. Zonder handel bedraagt dit effect 10-20%, maar Annex-I handel verlaagt dit tot 3-7% omdat de lagere prijs van emissie-eenheden de doorwerking op de energieprijs verkleint. Het CDM daarentegen vergroot het weglek-effect tot 30-40%.

De Moor, A.O.G.; Bollen, J.C.

2001-05-01

278

Submission to the British Columbia government on the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Business Council provided its comments concerning the Kyoto Protocol and climate change to the government of British Columbia, recommending that a clear position be established quickly on the matter. The adopted position should also be disseminated broadly to allow stake holders sufficient time to prepare for the upcoming meetings of the Joint Ministers and First Ministers. The federal government has announced that the decision on whether to ratify the Kyoto Protocol will be made before the end of 2002, and this decision will have numerous effects on the people of British Columbia, businesses, workers, and consumers alike. The Business Council of British Columbia believes that the unique interests of the province can best be protected by a proactive approach. Actions plans are being prepared by several of the other provinces and territories, who have already stated their position concerning the Kyoto Protocol. The long-term risks of climate change for British Columbia have not been determined nor have the elements of a provincial approach. The following elements should be included in British Columbia's position on the Kyoto Protocol, according to the Business Council of British Columbia: (1) a credible and cost-effective implementation plan that does not unduly burden the province and other jurisdictions must be developed before Canada decides to ratify the Protocol. British Columbia should go on the record stating it does not support the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in its present form. (2) the province should advocate for a national approach to climate change that can be achieved within a reasonable time frame, reflects the long-term nature of the problem, and is in agreement with the economic development objectives of British Columbia, (3) a plan detailing how the province intends to deal with the growth of greenhouse gas emissions should supplement and support the position of the province on the Kyoto Protocol. Consumers and business should be engaged in the development of measures to reduce the intensity of emissions of the province's economy.

NONE

2002-09-01

279

Japan Nuclear Reaction Data Center (JCPRG), Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Steering Committee. Progress report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Japan Nuclear Reaction Data center (JCPRG) started at Apri1, 2007. The center has three main tasks: 1) database activities, 2) data evaluations and 3) Asian network activities. We are continuing data compilation for charged-particle nuclear reaction data obtained in Japan. We are scanning 17 journals for Japanese charged-particle and photo-nuclear nuclear reaction data compilation: PR/C, PRL, PL/B, EPJ/A, NST, NIM/A, NIM/B, JPJ, ARI, RCA, JRN, KPS, NSTS, CPL, ZP/A, PAN and JNRS. After Memo CP-E No.136, we newly found up 6 mistakes (Memo CP-E No.137) of the CINDA master file in bibliographic information. These 2 memos were reviewed at NEA Data Bank (A45, NRDC 2008). Cooperating with them, we verified error propagation from EXFOR to CINDA. Actually that had happened in the 34 lines (Memo CP-D No.561). Current EXFOR or NRDF Format is specific to itself. We suppose that a nuclear data exchange format of the next generation should be defined based on XML. If the exchange format was redefined based on XML, the data available from libraries (EXFOR, NRDF, etc.) would enable us to have wider common bases for our various software applications. We highly appreciate the presentation of Viktor Zerkin and discussions held in Sapporo, on March, 2009. To achieve an exchange format agreed, we will continue to gain various experiences with using XML and to apply the IntelligentPad technology for EXFOR systems

2009-01-01

280

Trends in the diagnosis of melanoma at a university center over time.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to show data regarding trends in the diagnosis of melanoma over the last ten years by looking at the University Clinic of Dermatology in Vienna as an example. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All excised melanocytic lesions from 1998 to 2008 were included. RESULTS: The ratio of excisions of benign to malignant lesions fell from 7:1 (1998) to 4:1 (2008). The mean percentage of in situ melanomas was 39% in 1998 and did not change significantly over time and no change was seen in tumor thickness of invasive melanomas. The median invasion depth was 0.7 mm in 1998 and 0.65 mm in 2008. The absolute number of diagnosed melanomas did not change significantly over time. CONCLUSION: The proportion of in situ melanomas was consistently high. Tumor thickness stayed at a low level, whereas the number of excised benign melanocytic lesions decreased significantly.

Tschandl P; Pehamberger H; Kittler H

2013-03-01

 
 
 
 
281

The center for plant and microbial complex carbohydrates at the University of Georgia Complex Carbohydrate Research Center. Annual report, September 15, 1990--December 31, 1991  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research from the Complex Carbohydrates Research Center at the University of Georgia is presented. Topics include: Structural determination of soybean isoflavones which specifically induce Bradyrhizobium japonicum nodD1 but not the nodYABCSUIJ operon; structural analysis of the lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) from symbiotic mutants of Bradyrhizobium japonicum; structural characterization of lipooligosaccharides from Bradyrhizobium japonicum that are required for the specific nodulation of soybean; structural characterization of the LPSs from R. Leguminosarum biovar phaseoli, the symbiont of bean; characterization of bacteroid-specific LPS epitopes in R. leguminosarum biovar viciae; analysis of the surface polysaccharides of Rhizobium meliloti mutants whose lipopolysaccharides and extracellular polysaccharides can have the same function in symbiosis; characterization of a polysaccharide produced by certain Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains within soybean nodules; structural analysis of a streptococcal adhesin polysaccharide receptor; conformational studies of xyloglucan, the role of the fucosylated side chain in surface-specific cellulose-xyloglucan interactions; the structure of an acylated glucosamine oligosaccharide signal molecule (nod factor) involved in the symbiosis of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae with its host Vicia sativa; investigating membrane responses induced by oligogalacturonides in cultured cells; the polygalacturonase inhibitor protein; characterization of the self-incompatability glycoproteins from Petunia hybrida; investigation of the cell wall polysaccharide structures of Arabidopsis thaliana; and the glucan inhibition of virus infection of tabacco.

Albersheim, P.; Darvill, A.

1991-08-01

282

Introduction of a learning management system for medical education at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Connected with the introduction of a learning management system at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf three different learning management systems were evaluated. Based on the purposes and demands of modern medical education the systems WebCT CE 4.0, ILIAS 3.6 and Moodle 1.5.3 were testet and evaluated.This comparison led to an installation of the learning management system Moodle, which is now used by pilot projects and is getting prepared for normal student access in autumn 2006. First experiences under practical conditions are denoted. Finally prospective subjects like the concept of support and further options of use, even in the research domain, are discussed.

Wollatz, Marc; Münch-Harrach, Dieter; Sunderbrink, Norbert; Peimann, Claus-J.; Handels, Heinz

2006-01-01

283

Interprofessional Academic Health Center Leadership Development: The Case of the University of Alabama at Birmingham's Healthcare Leadership Academy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The study describes the genesis of the University of Alabama at Birmingham's Healthcare Leadership Academy (HLA), highlights the HLA's outcomes, discloses how the HLA has changed, and delineates future directions for academic health center (AHC) interprofessional leadership training. BACKGROUND: While interprofessional training is recognized as an important component of the professional education for health professionals, AHCs have not focused on interprofessional leadership training to prepare future AHC leaders. As professional bureaucracies, AHCs require leadership distributed across different professions; these leaders not only should be technical experts, but also skilled at interprofessional teamwork and collaborative governance. METHODS: The HLA is examined using the case method, which is supplemented with a descriptive analysis of program evaluation data and outcomes. RESULTS: The HLA has created a networked community of AHC leaders; the HLA's interprofessional team projects foster innovative problem solving. CONCLUSIONS: Interprofessional leadership training expands individuals' networks and has multiple organizational benefits.

Savage GT; Duncan WJ; Knowles KL; Nelson K; Rogers DA; Kennedy KN

2013-08-01

284

[Action research and clinical governance: the example of the project "psychiatry and migrants" at the Vaudois University Medical Center  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Action research is a useful instrument for the organization health care and the clinical governance of psychiatric institutions. What this type of research offers can be illustrated by the cohort study of migrant patients without health insurance who consulted the Department of Psychiatry of the Vaudois university medical center (CHUV) in 2008. While giving greater visibilty to the psychological suffering and social distress of these patients, the study also enabled the authors to determine which clinical procedures were actually offered to these patients and the amount these procedures cost the department. The small number of cases that were identified as well as their uneven distribution amongst the different services of the department suggest that considerable efforts must still be made to improve access for this population to public psychiatric services.

Faucherre F; Weber O; Reeves D; Bonvin E; Guex P

2009-09-01

285

Satellite Remote Sensing of Harmful Algal Blooms at the University of Miami Center for Oceans and Human Health  

Science.gov (United States)

As part of the NSF-NIEHS Center for Oceans and Human Health at the University of Miami, research is being conducted into the remote sensing of ocean color signatures associated with the occurrence of Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs). Data from the MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) are down-linked at the University of Miami's Center for Southeastern Tropical Advanced Remote Sensing (CSTARS) and processed in near-real time to produce mapped fields of water leaving radiance in the ocean color bands, derived quantities including inherent optical properties (IOPs) of seawater, chlorophyll concentration, and sea-surface temperature. Images of these fields are available in near-real time on a web-server. The server also provides access to the data files themselves. One of the applications currently being researched using these data is the identification of HABs over the Central West Florida Shelf where blooms of the toxic dinoflagellate Karenia brevis have a nearly annual occurance. Since chlorophyll concentration alone cannot be used as a unique variable to determine algal taxonomy, other spectral features or optical properties must be brought into play to discriminate among different phytoplankton types. A published technique developed for SeaWiFS (Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor) to detect K. brevis (based on high concentration of chlorophyll and low particulate backscatter) was transitioned to measurements of Terra MODIS and replicated the results. These were confirmed by comparisons with in situ measurements. This technique is currently being applied to a multi-year time series of remote measurements from the Aqua MODIS and tested against ship-based data.

Minnett, P. J.; Carvalho, G.; Baringer, W.; Banzon, V.

2007-05-01

286

Tropical Deforestation and the Kyoto Protocol. An Editorial Essay  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The current annual rates of tropical deforestation from Brazil and Indonesia alone would equal four-fifths of the emissions reductions gained by implementing the Kyoto Protocol in its first commitment period, jeopardizing the goal of Protocol to avoid 'dangerous anthropogenic interference' with the climate system. We propose the novel concept of 'compensated reduction', whereby countries that elect to reduce national level deforestation to below a previously determined historical level would receive post facto compensation, and commit to stabilize or further reduce deforestation in the future. Such a program could create large-scale incentives to reduce tropical deforestation, as well as for broader developing country participation in the Kyoto Protocol, and leverage support for the continuity of the Protocol beyond the 2008-2012 first commitment period.

Santilli, M. [Instituto Socioambiental ISA., Brasilia DF (Brazil); Moutinho, P.; Nepstad, D. [Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazonia IPAM Belem (Brazil); Schwartzman, S. [Environmental Defense, Washington, DC (United States); Nepstad, D. [Woods Hole Research Center, Woods Hole, MA (United States); Curran, L. [Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT (United States); Nobre, C. [Centro de Previsao de Tempo e Estudos Climaticos INPE, Cachoeira Paulista, SP (Brazil)

2005-08-01

287

Tropical deforestation and the Kyoto Protocol. An editorial essay  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The current annual rates of tropical deforestation from Brazil and Indonesia alone would equal four-fifths of the emissions reductions gained by implementing the Kyoto Protocol in its first commitment period, jeopardizing the goal of Protocol to avoid 'dangerous anthropogenic interference' with the climate system. We propose the novel concept of 'compensated reduction', whereby countries that elect to reduce national level deforestation to below a previously determined historical level would receive post facto compensation, and commit to stabilize or further reduce deforestation in the future. Such a program could create large-scale incentives to reduce tropical deforestation, as well as for broader developing country participation in the Kyoto Protocol, and leverage support for the continuity of the Protocol beyond the 2008-2012 first commitment period.

Santilli, M. [Instituto Socioambiental ISA., Brasilia DF (Brazil); Moutinho, P.; Nepstad, D. [Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazonia IPAM, Belem (Brazil); Schwartzman, S. [Environmental Defense, Washington, DC (United States); Curran, L. [Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT (United States); Nobre, C. [Centro de Previsao de Tempo e Estudos Climaticos INPE, Cachoeira Paulista, SP (Brazil)

2005-07-01

288

The Kyoto agreement not that expensive for Norway  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] It will not be that expensive for Norway to reduce the climatic gas discharges at home and buy quotas abroad. The development in the oil and gas markets internationally will be more significant for the Norwegian economy than the Kyoto agreement. The article discusses specific Norwegian problems and concludes with that the total Norwegian costs for reducing the climatic gas discharges internally and buy sufficient quotas abroad will not be alarmingly high. The distribution of the costs on various sectors may create serious problems for parts of the Norwegian economy and for certain local communities in Norway even if the total costs do not seem alarming. The political costs of the Kyoto demands may become higher than the costs measured in NOK. 7 figs

2000-01-01

289

Homocysteine in lipoprotein apheresis patients--retrospective data analysis in apheresis center of a university hospital.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: There is an obvious contrast between the data from the epidemiological studies on hyperhomocysteinemia and the negative results of the homocysteine-lowering clinical trials. Moderate hyperhomocysteinemia might only be relevant in certain subgroups of subjects. The current study was focused on lipoprotein apheresis patients; the study goals were to determine the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia, to identify the association between homocysteine levels and cardiovascular events and to test the effects of lipoprotein apheresis and of the conventional homocysteine-lowering therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients from our Lipoprotein Apheresis Center (37 males, 23 females, age 63.1 ± 10.8 years) were included in the study. All patients' records were reviewed with respect to age, sex, BMI, dyslipidemias, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus and incidence of vascular events in coronaries, carotids and lower extremities. Homocysteine was measured before and immediately after the apheresis procedure. We also observed the effects of conventional homocysteine-lowering therapy. RESULTS: The prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia was 50%. Homocysteine levels correlated positively with number of cardiovascular events (p < 0.03) and serum creatinine (p < 0.0001) and negatively with serum HDL-cholesterol (p < 0.03). Neither oral nor intravenous medication with vitamin B and folic acid showed a significant homocysteine lowering effect. The median relative change value of homocysteine after apheresis session was -12% but was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia in lipoprotein apheresis patients is high. Neither apheresis nor more conventional methods appear to markedly influence homocysteine serum levels.

Tselmin S; Rodionov RN; Müller G; Bornstein S; Julius U

2013-01-01

290

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba. April 1, 1996 - March 31, 1997  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator has been operated successfully from April, 1996 to January, 1997. Although the operation of the accelerator became unstable in the middle of January, it was a short period. The research in the Tandem Accelerator Center covers wide fields, that is, polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions, the nonresonant breakup of Li-7, the further refinement of the CDCC theory, fusion and fission in heavy ion reactions, nuclear structure physics by means of in-beam {gamma} ray spectroscopy, solid state physics using fast ion bemas, Moessbauer effect, NMR, the application of accelerated ion beams to PIXE, and accelerator mass spectrometry. In addition, two major installations were carried out in this academic year. One is a small tandem accelerator which was moved from Electrotechnical Laboratory in Tsukuba, and the other is a system for the production and analysis of atomic clusters. The research activities at the accelerator and experimental facilities and on experimental nuclear physics, theoretical nuclear physics, atomic and solid state physics, cluster science, and ion beam application are reported in this book. Also the list of the publications by these groups is given. Ph. D. and M. Sc. theses are listed, and the speakers and the titles of seminars are reported. (K.I.)

NONE

1997-06-01

291

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba. April 1, 1996 - March 31, 1997  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator has been operated successfully from April, 1996 to January, 1997. Although the operation of the accelerator became unstable in the middle of January, it was a short period. The research in the Tandem Accelerator Center covers wide fields, that is, polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions, the nonresonant breakup of Li-7, the further refinement of the CDCC theory, fusion and fission in heavy ion reactions, nuclear structure physics by means of in-beam ? ray spectroscopy, solid state physics using fast ion bemas, Moessbauer effect, NMR, the application of accelerated ion beams to PIXE, and accelerator mass spectrometry. In addition, two major installations were carried out in this academic year. One is a small tandem accelerator which was moved from Electrotechnical Laboratory in Tsukuba, and the other is a system for the production and analysis of atomic clusters. The research activities at the accelerator and experimental facilities and on experimental nuclear physics, theoretical nuclear physics, atomic and solid state physics, cluster science, and ion beam application are reported in this book. Also the list of the publications by these groups is given. Ph. D. and M. Sc. theses are listed, and the speakers and the titles of seminars are reported. (K.I.)

1997-01-01

292

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba. April 1, 1997 - March 31, 1998  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report briefly described the investigations performed during the period from April 1997 to March 1998 in Tandem Accelerator Center. The 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator was reconstructed and the first beam test was carried out in Nov. 1997. In nuclear physics, the measurement of total reaction cross sections, the non-resonant breakup of 7Li and 9Be, the investigation of hole states via (p,d) reaction, nuclear structure physics by means of in-beam ? ray spectroscopy and the study of the three dimensional cranking model have been performed. In interdisciplinary fields, the development of AMS system has been continued. The trace element analysis of mineral samples has been carried out by means of PIXE with the proton beam which was focused on the sample as narrow as 50 ?m2. The hydrogen analysis using H(19F,??) reaction has been started aiming at the extension of the measurement of depth profile down to a few tens of ?m deep region. (M.N.)

1997-04-00

293

Mapping Land Use Changes for the Kyoto Reporting  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Kyoto-rapportering til De Forenede Nationers rammekonvention om klimaændringer (UNFCCC) omfatter en sammenligning af arealanvendelsen i 1990, 2005 og 2008-2012, som er nødvendig for at identificere de ændringer i arealanvendelsen og til at beregne de mulige ændringer i kulstoflagrene. For at udføre rapporteringen til UNFCCC er pålidelige og nøjagtige oplysninger om areal og areal ændringer derfor afgørende vigtigt for udviklingen af kulstoflagrene. Dette paper beskriver de bestræbelser på at udvikle en metode til at opfylde disse krav i Danmark.

Pedersen, Birger Faurholt

294

Patient dose from radiographic rejects/repeats in radiology centers of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Medical diagnostic X-rays are the largest manmade source of ionizing radiation received by the members of the general public. The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiographic reject/repeat rate and also to determine dose to the patients from radiographic rejects/repeats in radiology centers of Urmia University of Medical Sciences. During a 4 month period the most frequently examinations were chosen in three radiology centers. A form was designed as a reject/repeat analysis form for radiographers to complete each time a film was rejected by radiologists or repeated. The collected data were compiled at the end of each week and entered into a computer for analysis at the end of study. The results of this study showed that highest and lowest repetition rates were for pelvis, 14.01% and upper limb, 4.17%, respectively. The main reasons of repetition of radiographs were due to exposure (54%) and positioning (18%) errors. The average repeat rate in all three hospitals was 7.20%. It was found that human error has important role to repetition of radiographs. It is demonstrated that those patients having repeated radiographs received an average of 3.23 Gy·cm2. Based on the findings of this study it must be remembered that the highest repetition rate was for pelvis. Considering the radiosensitive organs related to pelvis especially in pediatric patients some special considerations must be applied for pelvis examinations.

Nasrollah Jabbari; Ahad Zeinali; Leili Rahmatnezhad

2012-01-01

295

As if Kyoto mattered: The clean development mechanism and transportation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Transportation is a major source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the most rapidly growing anthropogenic source. In the future, the developing world will account for the largest share of transport GHG increases. Four basic components drive transportation energy consumption and GHG emissions: activities (A), mode share (S), fuel intensity (I) and fuel choice (F) (ASIF). Currently, the Kyoto Protocol's clean development mechanism (CDM) serves as the main international market-based tool designed to reduce GHG emissions from the developing world. Theoretically, the CDM has the dual purpose of helping developing countries achieve 'sustainable development' goals and industrialized countries meet their Kyoto emissions reduction commitments. This paper reviews overall CDM activities and transportation CDM activities to date and then presents findings from three case studies of transportation CDM possibilities examined with the ASIF framework in Santiago de Chile. The analysis suggests that bus technology switch (I) provides a fairly good project fit for the CDM, while options aimed at inducing mode share (S) to bicycle, or modifying travel demand via land use changes (ASI) face considerable challenges. The implications of the findings for the CDM and the 'post-Kyoto' world are discussed

2007-01-01

296

Is Kyoto Fatally Flawed? An Analysis with MacGEM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this paper we present some numerical simulations with the MacGEM model to evaluate the consequences of the recent Marrakesh agreements and the defection of the USA for the Kyoto Protocol. MacGEM is a global marginal abatement cost model for carbon emissions from fossil fuel use based on the GEM-E3-World general equilibrium. Nonparticipation of the USA causes the equilibrium carbon price in Annex B countries to fall by approximately 50% since an important share of permit demand falls out. Carbon sinks enhancement activities enable Parties to fulfil their reduction commitment at lower compliance costs and cause the equilibrium permit price to decrease by 40%. Finally, it is shown that the former Soviet Union and central European countries have substantial monopoly power in the Kyoto carbon permit market. We conclude that the recent accords have eroded completely the Kyoto Protocol's emission targets but that they have the merit to have saved the international climate change negotiation framework.

Eyckmans, J.; Van Regemorter, D.; Van Steenberghe, V. [Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven (Netherlands)

2002-06-01

297

[Prevention of hepatitis C at Center for Haemodialisys of Clinical Centre of University of Sarajevo].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

GOAL: The patients with the chronical programm for haemodialisys have the higher risk from getting ill virus hepatitis C in the realtion to the rest population. AIM OF THE WORK: Was the evaluation of the prevalence and incidence of hepatitis C at the Center for Haemodialisys CCU Sarajevo and the effect of the prevalentive measures on the incidence of the serum conversion of hepatitis C, in the period from 2002 till 2004 year. MATERIAL AND METHOD: By the examening is comprehended 155 patients aged 54,58 +/- 14,797 years, with the aproximative length of the haemodialisys 58,9 +/- 53,9 months. Patients at the chronic programm of the bicarbonite haemodialisys taree times per week, and antibodies on the hepatitis C were determined III generation. Also was determined PCR. RESULTS: During the periiod of examination the dialized population was increased also 2002 year the prevalence of hepatitis C was 23,87% (37/155), in 2003 year 29,29% (46/157) and 2004 year the pregalence amounted 26,28% (46/175). Incidence of hepatitis C was significantly decreased in the course of the period of followup and in 2002 year was 16,21%, in 2003 year 13,04%, that in 2004 year would amount 4,34%, that is only in two patients occurred the serum conversion on hepatitis C. CONCLUSION: By applying of the corresponding protocoles and their strict realization (desinfection of the hands, wearing of gloves, apparatus desinfection) and separation of the dialyzed monitors for anti HCV positive and anti HCV negative patients dicreased significantly the hepatitis C incidence in our dialyzed population. The strict application of the preventive measures can completely prevent the speading occurrence of hepatitis C on haemodialisys.

Miselji? S; Resi? H; Avdi? E; Osmi? I; Hela?-Cvijeti? D; Sahovi? V; Avdagi? M; Barhawi H; Cori? A; Miselji? N; Ajanovi? S

2005-01-01

298

Problem-solving capacity for vitreoretinal diseases in a university health center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the tertiary care delivered to patients with vitreoretinal diseases in a defined urban population; to substantiate the planning and allocation of resources in order to improve the tertiary eye care delivery system in a specific area. METHODS: Data were collected from consecutive first-time patients between June 1, 2003 and July 31, 2004 in the Department of Ophthalmology, State University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Problem-solving capacity values were calculated for vitreoretinal surgery and photocoagulation. Data were entered into the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 10.0). RESULTS: Of the 7500 patients referred to the Department, 641 were deemed suitable for analysis. The diagnoses analyzed were retinal detachment (26.0%), diabetic retinopathy (21.0%), and vitreous hemorrhage (7.7%). The median ages were 52, 59 and 57.5, respectively. Of all patients referred for retinal detachment, 26.5% were inoperable. The values obtained for the problem-solving capacity (PSC) showed that 38.1%, 33.0% and 93.5% of those eligible for an ophthalmic intervention (for retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage and diabetic retinopathy) had obtained treatment. The main reason for not giving treatment was the unavailability of operating room time and photocoagulation time (87.1%). CONCLUSIONS: This was the first study of tertiary eye care service performance in Latin America. Sight-threatening conditions such as retinal detachment and diabetic retinopathy are not thoroughly covered by the health system in this area. Various ways to reduce the problem are considered. The study has provided valuable information on planning high-complexity eye services in the population in question.

Limeira-Soares PH; Lira RP; Lupinacci A; Paccola M; Inoue L; Kara-José N; Arieta CE

2006-10-01

299

Pattern of presentation in type 1 diabetic patients at the diabetes center of a university hospital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major health problem worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the pattern of presentation and complications of pediatric diabetes. Design and Setting: Retrospective study of children treated at a diabetes clinic at a university hospitalfor diabetes over 12-year period. Patients and Methods: We collected data on the age at onset, sex, clinical presentation, duration of symptoms before diagnosis, and partial remission rate that were obtained from the hospital medical records, the National Diabetes Registry, and the statistics department. Results: Of 369 diabetic children, most (n=321) children had polyuria (92%) 321/369=87% as the presenting symptom; other symptoms included polydipsia (310 patients, 88.8% 310/369=84%), weight loss (292 patients, 83.9%), nocturia (240 patients, 68.8% 240/369=65%), diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) (174 patients, 49.9% 174/369=47.20%), and abdominal pain (172 patients, 49.3% 174/369=46.6%). Presenting symptoms were missing in 20 files, so the percentages were calculated among 349 patients. Most patients had acute diabetic complications such as hypoglycemia (222 patients, 62%) and DKA (88 patients, 38.1%, but none had severe complications such as coma and cerebral edema. Chronic complications included retinopathy (4 patients, 1.3%), neuropathy (2 patients, 0.6%), coronary heart disease (2 patients, 0.6%), and nephropathy (1 patient, 0.4%). Conclusion: The pattern of presentation of type 1 diabetes has changed as the incidence of DKA has decreased; unlike in previous studies, DKA was not the most common presenting symptom in this study. Chronic complications of diabetes, such as retinopathy, neuropathy, coronary heart disease, and nephropathy are mostly rare but still present. These complications might be prevented by achieving better awareness of the need for glycemic control.

Al Rashed Abdulaziz

2011-01-01

300

Epidemiological aspects of melanoma at a university hospital dermatology center over a period of 20 years.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The incidence of melanoma has been steadily rising in past decades. Although it accounts for only 3% of all skin cancers, it is responsible for 75% of deaths. OBJECTIVE: to describe the epidemiological aspects of melanoma in a university hospital setting over a period of 20 years. METHODS: A total of 166 patients were analyzed between January 1990 and January 2010 for clinical and histological variables and correlations between them. A 5% level of significance was adopted. RESULTS: The majority of patients were Caucasians (74%), females (61%), with a mean age at diagnosis of 55. The predominant histological type was lentigo maligna/lentigo maligna melanoma (35.7%) and the head and neck was the most affected site (30.7%). Among non-Caucasians, the acral region was the most affected. Most tumors were in situ (41.1%). Growth of the lesion was the most frequent complaint (58.1%) and bleeding was most frequently associated with melanomas with a depth > 4mm. There were seven deaths (4.2%), with a high risk among men, non-Caucasians and those under 20 years of age, with a Breslow's depth > 2mm, with lentiginous acral melanoma and with a history of growth and bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Our sample differs from most of the studies in the predominant location (head and neck), histological type (lentigo maligna/ lentigo maligna melanoma) and a major risk of death under the age of 20, which could be with a reflex of regional variation. Broader studies are necessary for validation of the results.

Brandão FV; Pereira AF; Gontijo B; Bittencourt FV

2013-05-01

 
 
 
 
301

Accreditation the Education Development Centers of Medical-Sciences Universities: Another Step toward Quality Improvement in Education.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: In order to improve the quality of education in universities of medical sciences (UMS), and because of the key role of education development centers (EDCs), an accreditation scheme was developed to evaluate their performance. METHOD: A group of experts in the medical education field was selected based on pre-defined criteria by EDC of Ministry of Health and Medical education. The team, worked intensively for 6 months to develop a list of essential standards to assess the performance of EDCs. Having checked for the content validity of standards, clear and measurable indicators were created via consensus. Then, required information were collected from UMS EDCs; the first round of accreditation was carried out just to check the acceptability of this scheme, and make force universities to prepare themselves for the next factual round of accreditation. RESULTS: Five standards domains were developed as the conceptual framework for defining main categories of indicators. This included: governing and leadership, educational planning, faculty development, assessment and examination and research in education. Nearly all of UMS filled all required data forms precisely with minimum confusion which shows the practicality of this accreditation scheme. CONCLUSION: It seems that the UMS have enough interest to provide required information for this accreditation scheme. However, in order to receive promising results, most of universities have to work intensively in order to prepare minimum levels in all required standards. However, it seems that in long term, implementation of a valid accreditation scheme plays an important role in improvement of the quality of medical education around the country.

Haghdoost A; Momtazmanesh N; Shoghi F; Mohagheghi M; Mehrolhassani M

2013-01-01

302

Universe  

CERN Multimedia

The Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that is correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-8. The Britannica Illustrated Science Library is a visually compelling set that covers earth science, life science, and physical science in 16 volumes.  Created for ages 10 and up, each volume provides an overview on a subject and thoroughly explains it through detailed and powerful graphics-more than 1,000 per volume-that turn complex subjects into information that students can grasp.  Each volume contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary help

2008-01-01

303

Universe  

CERN Multimedia

Updated for 2011, the Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that covers today's most popular science topics, from digital TV to microchips to touchscreens and beyond. Perennial subjects in earth science, life science, and physical science are all explored in detail. Amazing graphics-more than 1,000 per title-combined with concise summaries help students understand complex subjects. Correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-9, each title also contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary.

2011-01-01

304

Center for Extended Magnetohydrodynamic Modeling (CEMM) University of Utah SAPP 2007. Final Status Report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] During the third and final period of this grant, our goal was to refine the algorithmic approaches used to detect and visualize magnetic islands and their corresponding null points within both the NIMROD and M3D data sets. We refined our geometric approach, which gave a greater confidence in the accuracy of the Poincareplots created. The final results are best demonstrated through Figures 2-6 attached to the report. Technical details this work was reported in both the Physics and Visualization communities. The algorithms used to analyze the magnetic field lines and detect magnetic islands have been packaged into a library and were used within the SCIRun Problem Solving Environment which is being used by members of the CEMM for visualization. In addition, the library interface was developed so that it could be used by both the NIMROD and M3D codes directly. Thus allowing the fusion scientist to perform this analysis while their simulations were actively running. The use of the library for analysis and visualization was not limited to just within the CEMM SciDAC. Other groups such as the SciDAC for the Simulation of Wave Interactions with Magnetohydrodynamics using Silo code have used the tools for the analysis of their simulations, Figure 1. Though the funding of this project had concluded there is still much work to be performed on this analysis. The techniques developed are fast and robust when not in the presence of chaos. Magnetic field lines that are near the separatrices where chaos is most often present can be difficult to analyze yet these are the field lines that are greatest interest. We believe that investigating and developing techniques based on time frequency analysis may hold some promise. Two other issues that need to be address is the ability to automatically search for the magnetic islands and the ability to track the development of the magnetic islands over time. Our initial effort into automatically searching for the islands did not prove as robust as hoped and required more effort than could be allocated. These areas as well as other issues related to 'orbit analysis' are of interest to many members within of each of the Fusion SciDAC Centers and should be the subject of continuing SAPs such as this one.

2007-01-01

305

Center for Extended Magnetohydrodynamic Modeling (CEMM) University of Utah SAPP 2007 Final Status Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the third and final period of this grant, our goal was to refine the algorithmic approaches used to detect and visualize magnetic islands and their corresponding null points within both the NIMROD and M3D data sets. We refined our geometric approach, which gave a greater confidence in the accuracy of the Poincareplots created. The final results are best demonstrated through Figures 2-6 attached to the report. Technical details this work was reported in both the Physics and Visualization communities. The algorithms used to analyze the magnetic field lines and detect magnetic islands have been packaged into a library and were used within the SCIRun Problem Solving Environment which is being used by members of the CEMM for visualization. In addition, the library interface was developed so that it could be used by both the NIMROD and M3D codes directly. Thus allowing the fusion scientist to perform this analysis while their simulations were actively running. The use of the library for analysis and visualization was not limited to just within the CEMM SciDAC. Other groups such as the SciDAC for the Simulation of Wave Interactions with Magnetohydrodynamics using Silo code have used the tools for the analysis of their simulations, Figure 1. Though the funding of this project had concluded there is still much work to be performed on this analysis. The techniques developed are fast and robust when not in the presence of chaos. Magnetic field lines that are near the separatrices where chaos is most often present can be difficult to analyze yet these are the field lines that are greatest interest. We believe that investigating and developing techniques based on time frequency analysis may hold some promise. Two other issues that need to be address is the ability to automatically search for the magnetic islands and the ability to track the development of the magnetic islands over time. Our initial effort into automatically searching for the islands did not prove as robust as hoped and required more effort than could be allocated. These areas as well as other issues related to 'orbit analysis' are of interest to many members within of each of the Fusion SciDAC Centers and should be the subject of continuing SAPs such as this one.

Allen R. Sanderson; Christopher R. Johnson

2007-12-04

306

The Study of Quality of Life in Aphasic Stroke Patients in University- Medical Centers of Hamedan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and ObjectivesAs clinical improvement of patients surviving stroke is frequently incomplete and is followed by residual neurologic deficit, evaluation of the consequent function of these patients in three respects i.e; physical, social and emotional, which are considered as quality of life is useful in decision making for health care providers. Since few studies have been carried out in this regard, the aim of the present study was to obtain the average life quality score in four levels in aphasic stroke patients and comparing it with the quality of life score of the healthy population which is 5.Methods This study was a descriptive-cross sectional research carried out on 105 aphasic stroke patients referring to medical centers in Hamadan, Iran. Their diagnoses were confirmed by clinical and radiological findings. These patients were eligible for the study and had survived the stroke for at least six months. Sampling was non randomized and goal-oriented. Dependent variables included psychological, communicational, energy and physical status of the patients measured quantitatively. Data were gathered using the SAQOL-39 questionnaire.Results In this study the female population (58.1%) was greater than the male. The greater number of the aphasic patients (42%) was between 71 to 85 years old and the smallest number (6.7%) was between 39 to 50 years old. The greatest average score of life quality in the studied patients was related to the psychological state (2.17), while the smallest was related to the energy state (1.49). Average score of the life quality in the total population of the studied patients was calculated to be (1.88).ConclusionThe findings of the present study can lead to special supportive measures with the aim of improving life quality in aphasic stroke patients. We suggest that life quality of the patient after stroke should be compared to his/her own quality of life before stroke. Because there is no special service for care providers of stroke patients, an international program should be planned so that by reducing stress, they could have a better relation with the patients.Keywords: Life Quality; Stroke; Aphasia.

M. Mazdeh; A. Yaghobi

2009-01-01

307

The Study of Quality of Life in Aphasic Stroke Patients in University- Medical Centers of Hamedan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and ObjectivesAs clinical improvement of patients surviving stroke is frequently incomplete and is followed by residual neurologic deficit, evaluation of the consequent function of these patients in three respects i.e; physical, social and emotional, which are considered as quality of life is useful in decision making for health care providers. Since few studies have been carried out in this regard, the aim of the present study was to obtain the average life quality score in four levels in aphasic stroke patients and comparing it with the quality of life score of the healthy population which is 5. Methods This study was a descriptive-cross sectional research carried out on 105 aphasic stroke patients referring to medical centers in Hamadan, Iran. Their diagnoses were confirmed by clinical and radiological findings. These patients were eligible for the study and had survived the stroke for at least six months. Sampling was non randomized and goal-oriented. Dependent variables included psychological, communicational, energy and physical status of the patients measured quantitatively. Data were gathered using the SAQOL-39 questionnaire. Results In this study the female population (58.1%) was greater than the male. The greater number of the aphasic patients (42%) was between 71 to 85 years old and the smallest number (6.7%) was between 39 to 50 years old. The greatest average score of life quality in the studied patients was related to the psychological state (2.17), while the smallest was related to the energy state (1.49). Average score of the life quality in the total population of the studied patients was calculated to be (1.88). ConclusionThe findings of the present study can lead to special supportive measures with the aim of improving life quality in aphasic stroke patients. We suggest that life quality of the patient after stroke should be compared to his/her own quality of life before stroke. Because there is no special service for care providers of stroke patients, an international program should be planned so that by reducing stress, they could have a better relation with the patients.

M Mazdeh

2012-01-01

308

Impacto de los escenarios post-Kyoto en España/ Economic impact of Post-Kyoto scenarios in Spain  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Los costos de mitigación de los gases de efecto invernadero (GEIS) en el largo plazo estarán muy influenciados por parámetros de carácter tecnológico y económico. Sin embargo existen variables de carácter político que tienen una gran importancia y que es preciso investigar. Este artículo se centra en analizar el efecto de la elección de los objetivos de mitigación y el establecimiento de plazos o timing. Para ello utiliza un modelo de equilibrio general aplicad (more) o (MEGA) dinámico tipo Ramsey y lo aplica al caso concreto de España. Los resultados muestran que los costos de mitigación en la fase post-Kyoto pueden mantenerse en niveles aceptables, si se inducen medidas para avanzar hacia una economía baja en carbono. También se observa que la influencia de retrasar los plazos no es significativa comparada con la importancia de endurecer los objetivos. Si la tecnología progresase al ritmo actual, un objetivo de reducción de emisiones un 15% mayor que el fijado en Kyoto supondría doblar los costos de mitigación. Abstract in english The costs of greenhouse effect gases (GHG) mitigation in the long run will be heavily influenced by technological and economic parameters. However, there are other variables of a political nature that are of great importance and which need to be investigated. This article focuses on analyzing the effect on the choice of mitigation targeting and timing. With this purpose, a Ramsey type dynamic applied general equilibrium model (AGE) is used to the case of Spain. The result (more) s show that the costs of post-Kyoto phase can be maintained at acceptable levels, if the necessary steps towards a low-carbon economy are induced. It also notes that the influence of the timing is not significant compared with the relevance of stronger targets. However, provided that technology advances at the current levels, a reduction of emissions 15% above Kyoto levels implies a doubling of the mitigation costs in the future.

González-Eguino, Mikel

2010-03-01

309

PENERAPAN KONSEP FUZZY DALAM VARIABLE-CENTERED INTELLIGENT RULE SYSTEM (Studi Kasus: Pemilihan Jurusan di Chinese University of Hongkong)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Variable-Centered Intelligent Rule System (VCIRS) is a system which is inspired by Rule-based System (RBS) and Ripple Down Rules (RDR). The system architecture is adapted from RBS, while from RDR this system obtained its advantages. The system organized Rule Base (RB) in a special structure so that easy knowledge building, powerful knowledge inferencing and evolutionally system performance refining can be obtained in the same time. In this paper, the architecture of VCIRS is used to build an expert system for helping students to choose a department at a university. The application of this expert system is able to handle fuzzy concepts (e.g., such as good, high or rather high) which is a prominent part of sentences in natural language. This system is able to cope with exact values, fuzzy (or inexact) values and combined reasoning, allowing fuzzy and normal terms to be freely mixed in the rules and facts. An application example in this paper is a RBS which is employed fuzzy logic and fuzzy number for inexact reasoning. It uses two inexact basic concepts, i.e., fuzziness and uncertainty. A case study presented here is the department admission at Chinese University of Hongkong, formed in a RB containing with fuzzy and normal terms. From experiments performed, there's the proper result obtained comparing with the result from Z-II system (i.e., a comprehensive expert system builder tool developed by Chinese University of Hongkong) which is this paper refers to. So that the conclusion is a fuzzy VCIRS proposed here, is working properly and producing the right and true results. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Variable-Centered Intelligent Rule System (VCIRS) adalah sistem yang terinspirasi dari Rule-based System (RBS) dan Ripple Down Rules (RDR). Arsitektur sistem diadaptasi dari RBS dan ia mengambil kelebihan-kelebihan dari RDR. Sistem ini mengorganisasikan basis aturan dalam sebuah struktur yang spesial sehingga kemudahan pembangunan pengetahuan, penelusuran pengetahuan yang kuat, dan perbaikan unjuk kerja sistem yang selalu berkembang dapat diperoleh pada waktu yang sama. Dalam paper ini, arsitektur VCIRS dimanfaatkan untuk membangun sebuah sistem pakar yang dapat membantu calon mahasiswa memilih jurusan pada suatu Perguruan Tinggi. Aplikasi sistem pakar ini dapat menangani konsep fuzzy seperti good, high, atau rather high, yang merupakan bagian kalimat yang sangat berarti dalam bahasa sehari-hari. Sistem ini dapat menangani nilai yang tepat/teliti, nilai fuzzy (atau tidak tepat/tidak teliti), dan jenis pertimbangan gabungan, serta mengijinkan istilah fuzzy dan istilah normal untuk digabungkan secara bebas dalam aturan dan fakta. Contoh aplikasi dalam paper ini adalah sebuah sistem berbasis aturan yang menggunakan logika fuzzy dan bilangan fuzzy untuk jenis pertimbangan yang tidak tepat/tidak teliti. Sistem ini menggunakan dua konsep dasar ketidaktepatan/ketidaktelitian, yaitu fuzziness dan uncertainty. Kasus dalam penelian ini adalah pemilihan jurusan di Chinese University of Hongkong dalam bentuk basis aturan yang didalamnya mengandung istilah fuzzy dan istilah normal. Dari uji coba yang dilakukan, didapat hasil yang sesuai dengan hasil dari sistem Z-II, yaitu alat bantu pembangun sistem pakar komprehensif yang dikembangkan di Chinese University of Hongkong, yang menjadi acuan dari paper ini. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa fuzzy VCIRS dapat bekerja dengan baik, serta memberikan hasil yang benar dan dapat dipercaya. Kata kunci: rule-based systems, VCIRS, knowledge building, knowledge inferencing, knowledge refining, logika fuzzy, bilangan fuzzy.

Irfan Subakti; Oky Wijayanto

2006-01-01

310

The Project Based Mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol. Credible Instruments or Challenges to the Integrity of the Kyoto Protocol?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The project based mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol are innovative instruments which allow projects to earn credits for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The credits can in turn be used by countries to reach their emissions targets according to the Kyoto Protocol. The Project based mechanisms are known as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and the Joint Implementation (JI). If the project based mechanisms are to be effective policy instruments they must ensure the integrity of the Kyoto Protocol, and their ability to promote and prove real emission reductions is critical. The environmental credibility of the project based mechanisms will also ensure their ability to promote cost effectiveness. Key concepts in this context are environmental and project additionality, and their role and value for the project based mechanisms are analyzed. Environmental additionality is established by comparing a project's emissions to a baseline. The baseline's credibility is thus vital. The concept of project additionality is somewhat controversial, but is nonetheless of equal importance. The case studies of CDM approved methodologies (AMs) and proposed projects suggest that there are credibility issues that need to be addressed if the project based mechanisms are to promote real emissions reductions.

Takeuchi Waldegren, Linn

2006-03-15

311

Neurosurgical injuries resulting from the 2011 tornados in Alabama: the experience at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Medical Center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECT: The April 27, 2011, tornados that affected the southeastern US resulted in 248 deaths in the state of Alabama. The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Medical Center, the largest Level I trauma center in the state, triaged and treated a large number of individuals who suffered traumatic injuries during these events, including those requiring neurosurgical assessment and treatment. METHODS: A retrospective review of all adult patients triaged at UAB Medical Center during the April 27, 2011, tornados was conducted. Those patients who were diagnosed with and treated for neurosurgical injuries were included in this cohort. RESULTS: The Division of Neurosurgery at UAB Medical Center received 37 consultations in the 36 hours following the tornado disaster. An additional patient presented 6 days later, having suffered a lumbar spine fracture that ultimately required operative intervention. Twenty-seven patients (73%) suffered injuries as a direct result of the tornados. Twenty-three (85%) of these 27 patients experienced spine and spinal cord injuries. Four patients (15%) suffered intracranial injuries and 2 patients (7%) suffered combined intracranial and spinal injuries. The spinal fractures that were evaluated and treated were predominantly thoracic (43.5%) and lumbar (43.5%). The neurosurgery service performed 14 spinal fusions, 1 ventriculostomy, 2 halo placements, 1 diagnostic angiogram, 1 endovascular embolectomy, and 1 wound debridement and lavage. Twenty-two patients (81.5%) were neurologically intact at discharge and all but 4 had 1 year of follow-up. Three patients had persistent deficits from spinal cord injuries and there was 1 death in a patient with multisystem injuries in whom no procedures were performed. Two patients experienced postoperative complications in the form of 1 wound infection and 1 stroke. CONCLUSIONS: The April 27, 2011, tornados in Alabama produced significant neurosurgical injuries that primarily involved the spine. There were a disproportionate number of patients with thoracolumbar fractures, a finding possibly due to the county medical examiner's postmortem findings that demonstrated a high prevalence of fatal cervical spine and traumatic brain injuries. The UAB experience can be used to aid other institutions in preparing for the appropriate allotment of resources in the event of a similar natural disaster.

Miller JH; Zywicke HA; Fleming JB; Griessenauer CJ; Whisenhunt TR; Okor MO; Harrigan MR; Pritchard PR; Hadley MN

2013-06-01

312

Annual report of Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University. 1994 (April 1, 1994 - March, 31, 1995)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report is a compilation of the research activities and operations of the Research Center For Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University, during the period of the academic year 1994, April 1994 to March 1995. RCNP is the national laboratory for nuclear physics in Japan. The AVF cyclotron with K = 0.14GeV and the ring cyclotron with K = 0.4GeV and EP = 0.4GeV are the major user facilities at RCNP. They have been extensively used for studying nuclear nucleon-meson systems. All facilities are open for users from universities and research institutes in Japan as well as those in foreign countries. The research activities at the RCNP cyclotron laboratory include studies of nuclear interactions and nuclear potentials, spin isospin excitations and decays nuclear reaction dynamics and others. Studies of solid state and atomic physics and medical applications were carried out also at the cyclotron laboratory. New external ion sources have been instaled for the injector cyclotron. New extensions of the RCNP research activities are under progress. One is the possible use of the 8 GeV electron storage ring built at the synchrotron radiation laboratory SPring-8. It is located 100 Km west of Osaka. It is expected to start its operation in 1997. The Compton back-scattering of laser photons from the 8 GeV electron beam provides 1-3.5 GeV ?-rays, which are very promising for studying nuclear quark and meson systems. Other is the non-accelerator physics for ultra-rare nuclear processes at the new under ground laboratory 'Ohto Cosmo Observatory'. It is located 100 km south of Osaka. Neutrino studies by investigating double beta decays, dark matter studies by investigating nuclear responses to them, and studies of other weak processes are planned to be studied there. (J.P.N.)

313

Summary of the Script and Program Review of Sesame Street by the Chicano Study Center, University of California in Los Angeles.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Sesame Street research staff summarizes comments on the fourth season of the program by the Chicano Study Center of the University of California at Los Angeles. Included are reviews of Sesame Street scripts and programs containing Spanish content; sex role observations; examples of modeling behavior; and comments on segments which challenge…

Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.

314

The Potential of the PSI and SCL-90R Subscales To Predict Post-Intake Client Return at a University Counseling Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study sought to identify differential psychological symptom status and demographic variability between male/female returners and non-returners to a university counseling center. Data were collected during intake interviews over a 9-month period (N=261). The information analyzed consisted of nine distinct subscale scores of the Symptomatic…

McCabe, Kathryn A.; Gold, Joshua M.

315

Making lemonade from lemons: a case study on loss of space at the Dolph Briscoe, Jr. Library, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The setting for this case study is the Dolph Briscoe, Jr. Library, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, a health sciences campus with medical, dental, nursing, health professions, and graduate schools. During 2008–2009, major renovations to the library building were completed in...

Tobia, Rajia C.; Feldman, Jonquil D.

316

Ratifying Kyoto - is the developed world ready to act on climate change?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This article focuses on the commitments made at the Kyoto conference and the UK Governments undertaking to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. The size of the problem is considered, and improvements in energy efficiency , the attributing of 30% of the greenhouse gases to transport , the need for flexible global solutions , the steps to the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol, the need for developed countries to take the lead, and major problems to be overcome before countries can ratify Kyoto are discussed. (UK)

Harrison, James [Institute of Energy (United Kingdom)

1999-08-01

317

Global property rights. The Kyoto protocol and the knowledge revolution  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper is about the origin of today's global environmental problems, and how to resolve them. At stake are catastrophic risks from global warming and damage to the world's biodiversity that ranks as the planet' sixth great extinction. The origin of today's global environmental problems is a historic difference in property rights regimes between industrial and developing countries, the North and the South. The solutions we suggest involve redefining property rights in the use of the global environment as well as in knowledge. We discuss the Kyoto Protocol's new systems of property rights on the use of the planet's atmosphere, and propose a parallel system of property rights on knowledge. Resources such as forests and oil and other mineral deposits are owned as private property in industrial countries but they are treated as common or government property in developing countries. Ill-defined protected property rights lead to the over-extraction of resources in the South, such as timber and oil. They are exported at low prices to the North that over-consumes them. The international market amplifies the tragedy of the commons, leading to inferior solutions for the world economy as a whole (Chichilnisky 1994). Updating property rights on resources in developing countries would face formidable opposition. The lack of property rights in inputs to production, such as timber and oil, could be compensated by assigning property rights on by-products of outputs. The 1997 Kyoto Protocol provides an example as it limits the countries' rights to emit carbon, a by-product of burning fossil fuels. Our suggestions for trading emissions rights (Chichilnisky 1995, 96) was adopted in the Kyoto Protocol, yet the atmosphere's carbon concentration is a global public good, which makes trading tricky. Trading rights to forests' carbon sequestration services or to genetic blueprints would also be trading global public goods. Markets that trade public goods have been shown to require a measure of equity to ensure efficiency (Chichilnisky 1996, Chichilnisky and Heal 2002). This conclusion has been validated theoretically and is also in line with what was agreed by 160 nations in the Kyoto Protocol. Somewhat surprisingly, the same conclusion applies also to trading knowledge goods. Knowledge is a global public good. This paper proposes a new property rights regimes for knowledge goods and for environmental assets that seem crucial for economic progress in the era of the Knowledge RevolutionTM. (author)

2006-01-01

318

Options for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study assesses available options for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. The study includes the following sections: An introduction, an overview of proposals and establishing a network, analysis of interests of countries, selected country case studies, an overview of the issues to be considered, options for adaptation to climate change, a new approach ''Common but Differentiated Convergence'', an update of the Triptych approach, a comprehensive compromise proposal, the comparison of emission allowances under various approaches and a negotiation strategy for the EU and Germany. (orig.)

Hoehne, Niklas; Phylipsen, Dian; Ullrich, Simone; Blok, Kornelis

2005-02-15

319

Global warming: Kyoto Protocol meeting is `business as usual`  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Representatives of 168 countries met in Buenos Aires to plan the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol intended to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The meeting achieved little but demonstrated that the global warming issue remains a threat to coal. Topics of discussion at the meeting are described, including the gases to be reduced, the position of the US, the economic impacts of greenhouse gas emission reduction, the reaction of the G77 group of developing countries to the adoption of emission limits, the lack of scientific proof for global warming from carbon dioxide, and the greenhouse gas reduction policy of the United Kingdom. 3 photos.

NONE

1998-12-01

320

On the quality of compliance mechanisms in the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this paper we evaluate the compliance mechanisms in the Kyoto Protocol as agreed at the seventh Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Marrakech. We differ from the literature since we concentrate on the complete set of compliance rules agreed in Marrakech and, as a new element, we systematically discuss these compliance incentives in conjunction with the implicit compliance incentives: reputation protection, emission trading and banking. We conclude that effectiveness and efficiency go hand in hand for all explicit and implicit compliance incentives except one - emission trading. Trading improves efficiency but this can also occur at the cost of increasing non-compliance. (Author)

Nentjes, Andries [Groningen Univ., Dept. of Economics and Public Finance, Groningen (Netherlands); Klaassen, Ger [International Inst. for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg (Austria)

2004-03-01

 
 
 
 
321

Carbon emissions: the economic benefits of the Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The third Conference of the Parties in Kyoto set the target of reducing greenhouse-gas emissions by an average of 5.3 per cent with respect to 1990 values by 2008 - 2012. One of the main objections to the protocol's ratification is that compliance would pose an unbearable economic burden on the countries involved. But we show here that this is not the case if costs apart from the direct costs of energy production are also considered. Costs are also incurred in rectifying damage to human health, material goods, agriculture and the environment related to greenhouse-gas emissions. (author)

2001-10-04

322

An evaluation of business implications of the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report has been commissioned by Norsk Hydro ASA and written in November-December 2001. The aim of the report is to present and analyze the newest developments in the climate negotiations, particularly the seventh Conference of the Parties to the Climate Convention in Marrakech, Morocco, in October/November 2001, and to provide an evaluation of what the finalized Kyoto Protocol means for business. The report is organized as a collection of slides with supporting text explaining the background and contents of each slide. (author)

Torvanger, Asbjoern

2001-12-01

323

An evaluation of business implications of the Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This report has been commissioned by Norsk Hydro ASA and written in November-December 2001. The aim of the report is to present and analyze the newest developments in the climate negotiations, particularly the seventh Conference of the Parties to the Climate Convention in Marrakech, Morocco, in October/November 2001, and to provide an evaluation of what the finalized Kyoto Protocol means for business. The report is organized as a collection of slides with supporting text explaining the background and contents of each slide. (author)

2001-01-01

324

The Kyoto Protocol : Canada's risky rush to judgement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper outlined the 4 proposed policy options to implement the Kyoto Protocol in Canada and presented reasons why the Canadian timetable to ratify the Kyoto Protocol is an unrealistic and unsound policy. The Canadian Prime Minister will ask Parliament to ratify the agreement before the end of 2002 but the authors claim that before any decision regarding ratification is made, the government should cost out all relevant options, under all reasonable contingencies. For policy purposes, this paper focuses on reductions of carbon dioxide. Canada's obligation is to reduce them 6 per cent below 1990 levels by 2010, but because of economic growth, emissions among participating countries may be 30 per cent above their aggregate target. In addition, the withdrawal of the United States means that about two-thirds of the world's emissions are not covered by Kyoto. The first policy option involves the selling of emission permits covering about 80 per cent of domestic emitters. It results in 16 MT of domestic emissions reductions being accomplished and 128 MT of foreign permits being purchased. This first option is considered to be the least costly of the four. The second option relies on command-and-control measures in which 104 MT worth of new targeted measures are forced through. Although the government has not provided cost estimates for option 2, it is likely to be much more costly than option 1. The third option slightly adjusts the mix of permits trading and command-and-control measures, and distributes the permits freely instead of selling them. Only the large emitters are involved in the trading system, covering 40 per cent of domestic emission sources. The cost of emissions reductions would be lower than under option 1. The fourth and final option combines tradable permits systems in which only large emitters are involved, but where permits are distributed according to sectoral emission reduction costs, expected future emission growth rates as well as economic, social and environmental goals. It is concluded that all 4 options include targeted measures that are not likely to be cost-effective in any way, in fact, they require a lot of domestic emissions reductions that are needlessly costly. The authors emphasized that more information is needed to understand the economic consequences and risks of accepting the Kyoto target as legally binding. refs., tabs., figs.

325

Evaluation of the mental problems of menopausal women referred to the health care centers of Ilam University of Medical Sciences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Menopause, the permanent cessation of menstruation, is an important event in the long process of climactrium, signaling a change from the years of fertility to infertility. Postmenopausal women have many physical and mental problems. Materials and Methods: The objective of this study was to determine the mental problems of menopausal women referred to the health care centers of Ilam University of Medical Sciences in 2003. The research tools in this analytical-descriptive study were a questionnaire, record sheet and standard tests composed of Beck and Cattle scales. The data were collected by interview. The samples consisted of 150 menopausal women who had been selected by random sampling method. The data analysis was done by SPSS software. Results: The results showed that short-term memory disorder (39.3%), mild depression (32%) and mild anxiety (27.7%) were the most common mental problems. There was a significant relationship between depression and marital status (p=0.029) and having knowledge about menopause (p = 0.04). Anxiety had no relationship with any variables (p>0.05) but there was an association between depression and anxiety (p = 0.002). Conclusion: The findings show that the menopausal women suffer from mental problems, which influence their quality of life and community health. Thus, planning educational and health care programs to help them overcome these obstacles is essential.

Rasooli; F. Haj Amiry; P. Mahmoudi; M. Shohani; M.

2004-01-01

326

[Sexual violence: a descriptive study of rape victims and care in a university referral center in Sao Paulo State, Brazil].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Rape is a global public health problem, and steps have been taken to encourage studies on the issue and propose interventions for its prevention and appropriate care. This study aimed to characterize the population of female rape victims and describe the characteristics of the sexual assault and the care provided at a university referral center. This was a quantitative retrospective study of care provided to female rape victims from June 2006 to December 2010. The majority of the women (n = 687) were white, single, had no children, with a mean age of 23.7 years and primary to secondary schooling, employed, and practiced a religion. One-fourth of the victims reported no sexual intercourse prior to the sexual assault. Rape occurred mainly at night, on the street, perpetrated by a single stranger, with vaginal penetration, and with threatened or actual force. Most of the victims had reported the rape to someone and felt supported. Early care occurred for almost 90% of women, allowing preventive measures. From 2006 to 2010 there was an increase in the proportion of women that sought help. Better knowledge of the characteristics of this group and the event itself can help improve the structure and functioning of models to assist rape victims.

Facuri Cde O; Fernandes AM; Oliveira KD; Andrade Tdos S; Azevedo RC

2013-05-01

327

[Sexual violence: a descriptive study of rape victims and care in a university referral center in São Paulo State, Brazil].  

Science.gov (United States)

Rape is a global public health problem, and steps have been taken to encourage studies on the issue and propose interventions for its prevention and appropriate care. This study aimed to characterize the population of female rape victims and describe the characteristics of the sexual assault and the care provided at a university referral center. This was a quantitative retrospective study of care provided to female rape victims from June 2006 to December 2010. The majority of the women (n = 687) were white, single, had no children, with a mean age of 23.7 years and primary to secondary schooling, employed, and practiced a religion. One-fourth of the victims reported no sexual intercourse prior to the sexual assault. Rape occurred mainly at night, on the street, perpetrated by a single stranger, with vaginal penetration, and with threatened or actual force. Most of the victims had reported the rape to someone and felt supported. Early care occurred for almost 90% of women, allowing preventive measures. From 2006 to 2010 there was an increase in the proportion of women that sought help. Better knowledge of the characteristics of this group and the event itself can help improve the structure and functioning of models to assist rape victims. PMID:23702995

Facuri, Cláudia de Oliveira; Fernandes, Arlete Maria Dos Santos; Oliveira, Karina Diniz; Andrade, Tiago Dos Santos; Azevedo, Renata Cruz Soares de

2013-05-01

328

[Lung disease and HIV infection in children at the Charles de Gaulle university pediatric hospital center in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To compare the clinical and radiological aspects of lung diseases in HIV-positive and HIV-negative children, we conducted a retrospective case control study covering a 3-year period from January 2003 through December 2005 at Charles de Gaulle University Pediatric Hospital Center in Ouagadougou. HIV-positive patients hospitalised for lung disease were matched to HIV-negative patients controls, hospitalised for the same symptoms, by age and date of hospitalisation. The study included 186 patients (93 HIV-positive and 93 HIV-negative) and collected data on age, sex, clinical signs, radiological signs and short-term course. Of the 93 HIV-positive children suspected to have been contaminated by mother-to-child transmission, 92 had HIV1 and 1 had a double infection of HIV1 and 2. The mean age in both groups was 48 months. Clinically severe lung disease (44%) was more common in HIV-positive children. Radiology showed that interstitial syndrome was significantly more common in HIV-positive children (p=0001) with a sensitivity of 71% and a specificity of 60%. The case-fatality rate was 4.2% among HIV-positive children. This study allows us to remind paediatricians of the importance of lung disease in HIV-infected children. Moreover, the vertical transmission responsible for disease in all our patients shows the need to accelerate the scaling up of the program for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in our country.

Kouéta F; Yé D; Dao L; Zoungrana-Kaboré A; Ouédraogo SA; Napon M; Sawadogo A

2008-01-01

329

DUKE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER  

Science.gov (United States)

Text Version... Detection of TPN contamination of dried blood spots used in newborn and metabolic screening and its impact on quantitative measurement of ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

330

Lessons from the Kyoto Protocol Lições do Protocolo de Quioto  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to undertake a critical evaluation of the Kyoto Protocol. The evolution of the discussions that produced the final document is sketched through the analysis of official documents of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), relevant papers and material from the press. We also discuss the factors that cast doubts on the continuation and feasibility of the Protocol and the prospects for the post-Kyoto period and a new compromise.O objetivo deste trabalho é fazer uma avaliação crítica do Protocolo de Quioto. Descreve-se inicialmente a evolução das discussões que produziram o documento final, utilizando como fontes documentos oficiais da Convenção-Quadro das Nações Unidas para Mudança do Clima (CQNUMC), artigos importantes e material jornalístico. Enfatizam-se a seguir os fatores que colocam em dúvida a continuidade e a factibilidade do Protocolo. Discutem-se em último lugar as expectativas para o período pós-Quioto e para um novo acordo.

Eliezer Martins Diniz

2007-01-01

331

Lessons from the Kyoto Protocol/ Lições do Protocolo de Quioto  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho é fazer uma avaliação crítica do Protocolo de Quioto. Descreve-se inicialmente a evolução das discussões que produziram o documento final, utilizando como fontes documentos oficiais da Convenção-Quadro das Nações Unidas para Mudança do Clima (CQNUMC), artigos importantes e material jornalístico. Enfatizam-se a seguir os fatores que colocam em dúvida a continuidade e a factibilidade do Protocolo. Discutem-se em último lugar as expectativas para o período pós-Quioto e para um novo acordo. Abstract in english The purpose of this paper is to undertake a critical evaluation of the Kyoto Protocol. The evolution of the discussions that produced the final document is sketched through the analysis of official documents of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), relevant papers and material from the press. We also discuss the factors that cast doubts on the continuation and feasibility of the Protocol and the prospects for the post-Kyoto period and a new compromise.

Diniz, Eliezer Martins

2007-01-01

332

Lessons from the Kyoto Protocol/ Lições do Protocolo de Quioto  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho é fazer uma avaliação crítica do Protocolo de Quioto. Descreve-se inicialmente a evolução das discussões que produziram o documento final, utilizando como fontes documentos oficiais da Convenção-Quadro das Nações Unidas para Mudança do Clima (CQNUMC), artigos importantes e material jornalístico. Enfatizam-se a seguir os fatores que colocam em dúvida a continuidade e a factibilidade do Protocolo. Discutem-se em último lugar as expectativas para o período pós-Quioto e para um novo acordo. Abstract in english The purpose of this paper is to undertake a critical evaluation of the Kyoto Protocol. The evolution of the discussions that produced the final document is sketched through the analysis of official documents of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), relevant papers and material from the press. We also discuss the factors that cast doubts on the continuation and feasibility of the Protocol and the prospects for the post-Kyoto period and a new compromise.

Diniz, Eliezer Martins

2007-06-01

333

A study on abdomen ultrasonography classified by particular disease practiced in health promotion center of a university hospital  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study is to get preliminary data for an effectiveness evaluation of abdominal examination and improvement of it. Abnormal cases of abdominal ultrasonography are classified by sex, frequency, diagnosis and age, 4.924 examinees were included at a university hospital of health promotion center from January to December in 1999. The results are as follow. According to the distribution of sex, there are more male patients(55.0%) than females patients (48.0%). for men, 40's showed the highest percentage among examinees. For women, 50's were the highest. The reason that 'they visited the health promotion center was that they wanted to check their health status'. This answers were reported the highest (59.3%). Patients that had abnormal cases of abdominal ultrasonography were 48.3%. Liver, kidney, gallbladder showed the highest percentage of abnormal cases in order of organs. Additionally, abnormal cases were discovered in liver cases. According to the frequency of abnormal cases among examinees, the slight fatty liver were the highest regardless of sex. Men had the slight fatty liver, kidney simple cyst, liver calcification and liver simple cyst in order of abnormal cases. Women showed the slight fatty liver kidney simple cyst, kidney calcification, liver simple cyst, and blood vessel tumor in order of abnormal cases. For the abnormal cases of live by sex and age, the 50's reported the highest number of abnormal cases in men (299 patients). In addition, 60's had the highest of disease rata 47.8%. For women, 50's reported the highest number of abnormal cases (361 patients).. Over 70's patients had the highest of disease rata 52.6%. For kidney, men and women showed the highest number of abnormal cases -62 vs 44 respectively. Over 70's patients had the highest percentage of disease rata -23.2% vs 14.0% respectively. For gallbladder, the number of abnormal cases were the most in men's 60's (31 patients) and in women's in the same age group (32 patients). According to malignant tumor, 17 patients were liver cancer, 2 patients stomach ca and 1pt kidney cancer. The relationship between the malignant tumor and the examination motive was that 'they wanted to check their health status (41.0%)' and 'regular checkup (24.0%)'.

Kim, Nam Hee; Choi, Jong Hak [College of Health Sciences, Korea Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2001-06-01

334

Launching a Permanent Out-of-Hour Interventional Radiology Service: Single-Center Experience from a German University Hospital.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility, frequency of use, types of intervention and labor costs of a formal round-the-clock interventional radiology on-call service.Materials and Methods: In 11/2011 a formal and permanent out-of-hour interventional radiology rota in addition to the general radiology out-of-hour rota (OOHR) was established. We retrospectively screened the interventional radiology database for procedures completed outside regular working hours, reviewed all interventions and manually selected cases in which the on-call interventionist was called in from home. We determined the type, frequency of use and costs (€/year and procedure) of this service between 1/2012 and 12/2012. The referring physicians' (sub-) specialties were evaluated.Results: During the 12-month period, the on-call interventionists (n = 3) performed 92 procedures OOH. The procedures included angiography and hemorrhage control (n = 36, 39.1 %), angiography and intervention for acute limb ischemia (n = 25, 27.2 %), percutaneous biliary drainage (PTCD) (n = 10, 10.9 %), angiography for non-occlusive ischemia (n = 7, 7.6 %), and other (n = 14, 15.3 %). The total labor costs for the OOHR were € 42,312.21 (€ 32,982.60 lump sum for stand-by, € 9,329.61 for hours spent on procedures). The labor costs per procedure totaled € 459.92. The referring physicians' specialties were general/visceral (n = 25), vascular surgery (n = 24), internal medicine (n = 21), cardiac/thoracic vascular (n = 9), trauma surgery (n = 5), urology (n = 5), and anesthesiology (n = 3).Conclusion: A formal interventional OOHR is practicable in a university hospital setting. Most procedures were requested by general, vascular, and thoracic surgery as well as internal medicine with a focus on hemorrhage control, treatment of acute limb ischemia, and PTCD. The overall labor costs for the OOHR appear moderate.Key points:Citation Format:Goltz JP, Janssen H, Petritsch B et al. Launching a Permanent Out-of-Hour Interventional Radiology Service: Single-Center Experience from a German University Hospital. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2013; DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1350401.

Goltz JP; Janssen H; Petritsch B; Kickuth R

2013-08-01

335

Prevalence of ductal carcinoma insitu of the breast in Tehran university medical centers: evaluation of 2244 cases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Detection rate of Ductal Carcinoma Insitu of the breast (DCIS) have increased rapidly over the past decade, which is generally attributed to the widespread use of screening mammography. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of ductal carcinoma in situ in patients who had been referred to Tehran university medical centers."n"nMethods: In a retrospective study, medical records of the patients with diagnosis of breast cancer in 3 teaching hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (Cancer Institute, Sina and Shariati Hospitals between 1994-2003) were reviewed and records with ductal carcinoma in situ were selected and analyzed."n"nResults: Between 2244 medical records of breast cancer 23 patients had DCIS (1.02%). Mean age was 47.3 years just one patient had been detected by screening mammography and others had clinical symptoms. 48% of patients had mass with mean size of 3.3cm. All had undergone open biopsy (four incisional, 19 excisional). Treatment included 65.2% modified radical mastectomy, 30.4% lumpectomy with axillary dissections and 3.8% lumpectomy alone. Nine patients had radiotherapy after surgery and ten took tamoxifen as hormonal therapy. Two patients (8.6%) in lumpectomy group had recurrence in follow ups. Median follow up time was 84 months."n"nConclusion: This study shows that the Prevalence of early stages of breast cancer especially ductal carcinoma in situ is extremely low. (DCIS was 1.02 in comparison with 15-30% in western countries). These findings indicate the need for increasing public information about breast cancer in Iran and improving screening programs of breast cancer.

Omranipour R; Fattahi AS

2009-01-01

336

Un ente innovativo di ricerca e di servizi per la informazione geospaziale: GIS Research Center della Feng-Chia University di Taiwan (GIS.FCU)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La storia di un Laboratorio GIS a Taiwan nato da un accordo tra Feng-Chia University e la Università di Roma “LaSapienza” oggi tra i primi nel mondo nel settore dell’informazione geospaziale per la ricerca nell’ambito dei testdell’interoperabilità.A body of research and innovative services for geospatial infor-mation: GIS Research Center of Feng-Chia University in Taiwan (GIS.FCU)The story of a GIS laboratory in Taiwan born on an agreement between the Feng-Chia University and the University of Rome "La Sapienza" now among the first in the world in the field of information for research for geospatial application.

Mauro Salvemini

2012-01-01

337

Kyoto PLUS: Efficient global emission trade for an effective future climate policy; Kyoto PLUS: Effizienter globaler Emissionshandel fuer eine zukuenftig wirksame Weltklimapolitik  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The majority of climate protection experts believe that the Kyoto Protocol in its present version provides a basis for preventing the climate change from taking on disastrous dimensions. In the meantime however a mainstream of opinion has developed which advocates the establishment of a functioning global climate protection system for the post-Kyoto phase. Kyoto Plus, a global climate certification system, is a concept developed by the author of three expert opinions for the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg which takes the principles of the Kyoto Protocol a step forward while striving to eliminate its weaknesses and which has matured sufficiently to be put into practice. Systems of this or a similar kind could enable Germany to make a decisive additional contribution to global climate protection, as the author stated at the BT Hearing on 23 May 2007.

Wicke, L. [Inst. fuer Umwelt-Management (IfUM) an der ESCP-EAP, Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)

2007-08-15

338

Molecular identification of adenovirus causing respiratory tract infection in pediatric patients at the University of Malaya Medical Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background There are at least 51 adenovirus serotypes (AdV) known to cause human infections. The prevalence of the different human AdV (HAdV) serotypes varies among different regions. Presently, there are no reports of the prevalent HAdV types found in Malaysia. The present study was undertaken to identify the HAdV types associated primarily with respiratory tract infections (RTI) of young children in Malaysia. Methods Archived HAdV isolates from pediatric patients with RTI seen at the University of Malaya Medical Center (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 1999 to 2005 were used. Virus isolates were inoculated into cell culture and DNA was extracted when cells showed significant cytopathic effects. AdV partial hexon gene was amplified and the sequences together with other known HAdV hexon gene sequences were used to build phylogenetic trees. Identification of HAdV types found among young children in Malaysia was inferred from the phylograms. Results At least 2,583 pediatric patients with RTI sought consultation and treatment at the UMMC from 1999 to 2005. Among these patients, 48 ( Conclusions HAdV-1 and HAdV-2 were the most common HAdV isolated from pediatric patients who sought treatment for RTI at the UMMC from 1999 to 2005. HAdV-B, mainly HAdV-3, was recovered from ~22% of the patients. These findings provide a benchmark for future studies on the prevalence and epidemiology of HAdV types in Malaysia and in the region.

Abd-Jamil Juraina; Teoh Boon-Teong; Hassan Eddy H; Roslan Nuruliza; AbuBakar Sazaly

2010-01-01

339

Seven years of experience in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension in Ege University Hospital: diagnostic approach of a single center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a term used to define a variety of progressive conditions that have in common, increased pulmonary vascular resistance leading to right heart failure and death. There has been considerable decrease in mortality and morbidity with the advances in PAH treatment over the past decade. However, since there is no epidemiologic study in Turkey, the prevalence of PAH and its importance is not known yet. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic clinical experience of Ege University Medical School Cardiology Department with PAH patients. Methods: We evaluated the diagnostic approach to patients referred to our department with the diagnosis of PAH since 2000 by retrospective analysis method.Results: The diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension was definite in 70 patients (mean age 47±16 years, 61% women). Etiology from most prevalent to least was as following: congenital heart diseases (27%), chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (24%), connective tissue diseases-scleroderma (14%), idiopathic PAH (8%), diastolic dysfunction (3%), pulmonary disease (3%), pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (2%), hepatopulmonary hypertension (1%), and HIV-infection associated PAH (1%). At diagnosis, 68% of patients were in NYHA functional class-III or IV. Six-minute walk test was 263±127m. Mean pulmonary artery pressure was 65±20 mmHg. The rognostic marker pro-BNP (brain natriuretic peptid) level was 3208±4145 pg/ml.Conclusion: Our practice shows that PAH is diagnosed late in the course of the disease in Turkey. This can be overcome with structured management in designated centers with ultidisciplinary team-working in a shared care approach. There is also an urgent need for an epidemiological registry in order to determine the burden of PAH in Turkey and increase the awareness of doctors.

Meral Kayikcioglu; Hakan Kultursay

2008-01-01

340

A Monte Carlo model system for core analysis and epithermal neutron beam design at the Washington State University Radiation Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Monte Carlo Model System (MCMS) for the Washington State University (WSU) Radiation Center provides a means through which core criticality and power distributions can be calculated, as well as providing a method for neutron and photon transport necessary for BNCT epithermal neutron beam design. The computational code used in this Model System is MCNP4A. The geometric capability of this Monte Carlo code allows the WSU system to be modeled very accurately. A working knowledge of the MCNP4A neutron transport code increases the flexibility of the Model System and is recommended, however, the eigenvalue/power density problems can be run with little direct knowledge of MCNP4A. Neutron and photon particle transport require more experience with the MCNP4A code. The Model System consists of two coupled subsystems; the Core Analysis and Source Plane Generator Model (CASP), and the BeamPort Shell Particle Transport Model (BSPT). The CASP Model incorporates the S(?, ?) thermal treatment, and is run as a criticality problem yielding, the system eigenvalue (keff), the core power distribution, and an implicit surface source for subsequent particle transport in the BSPT Model. The BSPT Model uses the source plane generated by a CASP run to transport particles through the thermal column beamport. The user can create filter arrangements in the beamport and then calculate characteristics necessary for assessing the BNCT of the given filter want. Examples of the characteristics to be calculated are: neutron fluxes, neutron currents, fast neutron KERMAs and gamma KERMAs. The MCMS is a useful tool for the WSU system. Those unfamiliar with the MCNP4A code can use the MCMS transparently for core analysis, while more experienced users will find the particle transport capabilities very powerful for BNCT filter design.

1996-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

A Monte Carlo model system for core analysis and epithermal neutron beam design at the Washington State University Radiation Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Monte Carlo Model System (MCMS) for the Washington State University (WSU) Radiation Center provides a means through which core criticality and power distributions can be calculated, as well as providing a method for neutron and photon transport necessary for BNCT epithermal neutron beam design. The computational code used in this Model System is MCNP4A. The geometric capability of this Monte Carlo code allows the WSU system to be modeled very accurately. A working knowledge of the MCNP4A neutron transport code increases the flexibility of the Model System and is recommended, however, the eigenvalue/power density problems can be run with little direct knowledge of MCNP4A. Neutron and photon particle transport require more experience with the MCNP4A code. The Model System consists of two coupled subsystems; the Core Analysis and Source Plane Generator Model (CASP), and the BeamPort Shell Particle Transport Model (BSPT). The CASP Model incorporates the S({alpha}, {beta}) thermal treatment, and is run as a criticality problem yielding, the system eigenvalue (k{sub eff}), the core power distribution, and an implicit surface source for subsequent particle transport in the BSPT Model. The BSPT Model uses the source plane generated by a CASP run to transport particles through the thermal column beamport. The user can create filter arrangements in the beamport and then calculate characteristics necessary for assessing the BNCT potential of the given filter want. Examples of the characteristics to be calculated are: neutron fluxes, neutron currents, fast neutron KERMAs and gamma KERMAs. The MCMS is a useful tool for the WSU system. Those unfamiliar with the MCNP4A code can use the MCMS transparently for core analysis, while more experienced users will find the particle transport capabilities very powerful for BNCT filter design.

Burns, T.D. Jr.

1996-05-01

342

To ratify or not to ratify. Australia and the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Premiers of NSW, Victoria and South Australia have established an advisory group to examine the costs and benefits to the Australian economy from ratifying the Kyoto Protocol compared to non-ratification. This article reviews the recent report of the group entitled 'Report of the Kyoto Ratification Advisory Group - a risk assessment'. 2 refs.

Gray, M. [Australian Emissions Trading Forum (AETF), Braddon, ACT (Australia)

2003-05-01

343

Why company investments into the nuclear education at universities and research center in Germany will pay off in the future. The view of a plant manufacturer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Due to the political decision towards a renaissance of nuclear energy the interest of industry, authorities and surveyors for scientific technical personnel is increasing. The author describes the engagement of AREVA in the nuclear education. The concept includes in Germany the AREVA Nuclear Professional School at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), cooperation contracts with the research center Rossendorf, the technical university Dresden and the technical university in Zittau/Goerlitz. The further operation of nuclear installations in Germany including retrofitting activities will need a sound technical-scientific base of educational efforts within the nuclear education.

2010-01-01

344

Kyoto Protocol, constraint or opportunity for coal based electricity producers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Coming into force of Kyoto Protocol (KP) in February 2005, as a result of its signing by Russian Federation, created the lawfulness of its provisions and mechanisms in order to reduce the average emission of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) at a global level down to 5.2 %. Passing this environment problem from a constrained area (regulations, directives) to an opportunity area (business) created the possibility that the achievement of KP objectives to be not an exclusive financial task of 'polluting actors', but opened the opportunity of bringing on stage all the necessary elements of a modern business environment: banks, investments from founds companies, consultants, buyers, sellers, stocks exchange. Until now, the investments and emissions transactions based by KP mechanisms at the worldwide level was focused on renewable energy area. Because for the most of countries, including Romania, the production of electricity based on fossil fuels (special coal) is one of the main option, bringing the KP mechanisms in operation in this area is difficult for at least two reasons: - the investments are huge; - the emissions reduction is not spectacular. In these circumstances, this paper gives an overview of the present GHG emission market, transaction mechanisms on this market and of the ways through which coal based electricity producers from Romania can access this market. We consider that the filtration of the information in this area from electricity producer point of view makes the content of this paper a good start for a new approach of environment management and its conversion from constraint (financial resources consumer) to opportunity ( financial resources producer). The paper contains are as follows: 1. Kyoto Protocol at a glance; 2. Emission trading mechanisms; 2.1. Transaction mechanisms under KP; 2.1.1. Joint Implementation (JI); 2.1.2 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM); 2.1.3. Emissions Trading (ET); 2.2. Other transactions mechanisms; 2.2.1. European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU-ETS); 2.2.2. Green Investment Scheme (GIS); 3. GHG emissions reduction present market; 3.1. The projects based market; 3.2. Permissions market; 4. Romanian coal based energy producers, which way to follow up?; 5. Conclusions. In conclusion, in the present paper authors make an analysis of environmental constraints to opportunities transformation, suggesting the directions and possibilities to finance the environmental projects using the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms in the particular case of coal based energy producers from Oltenia area. The authors, consider that for these large producers the most suitable mechanism is at the moment the Green Investments Scheme and after adhesion of Romania to EU, the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme

2006-01-01

345

UNFINISHED BUSINESS: The Economics of The Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) was completed on the morning of December 11, 1997, following over two years of negotiations. The product of these deliberations is a complex and incomplete document knitting together the diversity of interests and perspectives represented by the more than 150 delegations. Because the document is complex, its implications are not immediately obvious. If it enters into force, the Kyoto Protocol will have far-reaching implications for all nations--both nations with obligations under the Protocol and those without obligations. National energy systems, and the world's energy system, could be forever changed. In this paper the authors develop an assessment of the energy and economic implications of achieving the goals of the Kyoto Protocol. They find that many of the details of the Protocol that remain to be worked out introduce critical uncertainties affecting the cost of compliance. There are also a variety of uncertainties that further complicate the analysis. These include future non-CO{sub 2} greenhouse gas emissions and the cost of their mitigation. Other uncertainties include the resolution of negotiations to establish rules for determining and allocating land-use emissions rights, mechanisms for Annex 1 trading, and participation by non-Annex 1 members in the Clean Development Mechanism. In addition, there are economic uncertainties, such as the behavior of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union in supplying emissions credits under Annex 1 trading. These uncertainties in turn could affect private sector investments in anticipation of the Protocol's entrance into force. The longer the nature of future obligations remains unclear, the less able decision makers will be to incorporate these rules into their investment decisions. They find that the cost of implementing the Protocol in the US can vary by more than an order of magnitude. The marginal cost could be as low as $26 per tonne of carbon if a global system of emissions mitigation could be quickly and effectively implemented. But it could also exceed $250 per tonne of carbon if the US must meet its emissions limitations entirely through domestic actions, and if mitigation obligations are not adequately anticipated by decision-makers.

JA Edmonds; CN MacCracken; RD Sands; SH Kim

2000-07-06

346

EFRC:CST at the University of Texas at Austin - A DOE Energy Frontier Research Center (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

'EFRC:CST at the University of Texas at Austin - A DOE Energy Frontier Research Center' was submitted by the EFRC for Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials (EFRC:CST) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. EFRC:CST is directed by Xiaoyang Zhu at the University of Texas at Austin in partnership with Sandia National Laboratories. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Zhu, Xiaoyang (Director, Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials); CST Staff

2011-05-01

347

Kyoto and beyond: Meeting the climate change challenge  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In response to Canada's weak performance in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and the international negotiations in Kyoto regarding such emissions, the Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development has examined the current situation with respect to climate change efforts in Canada. This report begins with background information on global climate change, previous Canadian and international commitments to protect the atmosphere and address the climate change problem, and previous work by the Standing Committee regarding climate change issues. Current government measures to reduce greenhouse gases are then reviewed at Natural Resources Canada, Public Works and Government Services, the Dept. of Finance, and other departments. Finally, recommendations are made which the Committee believes will assist the government in meeting Canada's climate change obligations

1997-01-01

348

Climate negotiations beyond Kyoto: developing countries concerns and interests  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Five years down the road from Kyoto, the Protocol that bears that city's name still awaits enough qualifying ratifications to come into force. While attention has been understandably focussed on the ratification process, it is time to begin thinking about the next steps for the global climate regime, particularly in terms of a deeper inclusion of developing countries' concerns and interests. This paper begins doing so from the perspective of the developing countries. The principal argument is that we need to return to the basic principles outlined in the Framework Convention on Climate Change in searching for a north-south bargain on climate change. Such a bargain may be achievable if we can realign the policy architecture of the climate regime to its original stated goals of sustainable development. (author)

Adil Najam [Tufts University, Medford, MA (United States). Fletcher School of law and Diplomacy; Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Islamabad (Pakistan); Saleemul Huq [International Institute for Environment and Development, London (United Kingdom); Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies, Dhaka (Bangladesh); Youba Sokona [ENDA Environment et Developpement du Tiers Monde, Dhaka (Senegal)

2003-09-01

349

Strain differences in baroceptor reflex in adult Wistar Kyoto rats  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: A subset of normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats show lower baroreflex sensitivity; however, no previous study investigated whether there are differences in baroreflex sensitivity within this subset. Our study compared baroreflex sensitivity among conscious rats of this specific subtype. METHODS: Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats (16 weeks old) were studied. Cannulas were inserted into the abdominal aortic artery through the right femoral artery to measure mean arteria (more) l pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). Baroreflex gain was calculated as the ratio between change in HR and MAP variation (?HR/?MAP) in response to a depressor dose of sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 50 µg/kg, i.v.) and a pressor dose of phenylephrine (PE, 8 µg/kg, i.v.). Rats were divided into four groups: 1) low bradycardic baroreflex (LB), baroreflex gain (BG) between -1 and -2 bpm/mmHg tested with PE; 2) high bradycardic baroreflex (HB), BG

Valenti, Vitor E.; Abreu, Luiz Carlos de; Imaizumi, Caio; Petenusso, Márcio; Ferreira, Celso

2010-01-01

350

Regimes de atmosfera controlada para o armazenamento de caqui ?Kyoto?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de regimes de atmosfera controlada associados ou não com o uso de baixa umidade relativa e com a aplicação pós-colheita de fungicida sobre a conservação da qualidade de caqui ?Kyoto?. Após o período de dois meses de armazenamento refrigerado a -0,5degreesC mais cinco dias a 20masculineC, a firmeza de polpa manteve-se mais elevada nos frutos submetidos a 0,5kPa de O2 e 5kPa de CO2. A maior incidência de podridões ocorreu nos frutos armazenados a 2kPa de O2 + 10kPa de CO2. Baixa umidade relativa (90%) ou pressões parciais elevadas de CO2 (10 a 15kPa) aumentaram o escurecimento da epiderme.

Brackmann Auri; Freitas Sérgio Tonetto de; Giehl Ricardo Fabiano Hettwer; Mello Anderson Machado de; Benedetti Marlova; Oliveira Viviani Ruffo de; Guarienti Affonso José Wietzke

2004-01-01

351

International emissions trading under the Kyoto Protocol: credit trading  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Protocol allows emissions trading between countries but does not specify how such trade is to take place. So far two options have been discussed: government trading and permit trading. This paper discusses a third option: credit trading. Credit trading is based on abatement projects, but differs from joint implementation in that it does not require direct foreign investment. Credit trading can be implemented both domestically and internationally. The main advantage of credit trading are that it excludes trading in hot air, while it still makes trade between private entities possible. However, the environmental effectiveness is doubtful, especially when it is based on relative targets. The paper shows that several interest groups prefer credit trading based on relative targets to permit trading. Also governments may have reasons to prefer credit trading to permit trading. The political acceptability of credit trading is larger than that of permit trading, making it more likely that credit trading will be allowed than permit trading. 35 refs.

Boom, J.-T. [University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands). Dept. of Economics and Public Finance, Faculty of Law

2001-06-01

352

Management of a comprehensive radiation safety program in a major American University and affiliated academic medical center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Duke University, which operates under eight radiation licenses issued by the State of North Carolina, consists of a leading medical center including extensive inpatient and outpatient facilities, a medical school, biomedical research labs, and an academic campus including two major accelerator facilities. The Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Oncology departments handle over 40,000 diagnostic and therapeutic procedures annually, including approximately 160 radioiodine therapeutic cases. In biomedical research labs, about 300 professors are authorized to use radioactive materials. Over 2,000 radiation workers are identified on campus. Over the past two years, we have transformed the existing radiation safety program into a more responsive and more accountable one. Simultaneously, the institutional 'culture' changed, and the Radiation Safety Division came to be viewed as a helpful ally by investigators. The purpose of this paper is to present our experiences that have made this transformation possible. Our initiatives included; (a) defining short-term and long-term goals; (b) establishing a definitive chain of authority; (c) obtaining an external review by a consultant Health Physicist; (d) improving existing radiation safety programs; (e) reorganizing the Radiation Safety Division, with creation of multidisciplinary professional staff positions; (f) implementing campus-wide radiation safety training, (g) increasing technician positions; (h) establishing monthly medical center radiation safety executive meeting. As a result progress made at the Divisional level includes; (a) culture change by recruiting professionals with academic credentials and recent college graduates; (b) implementing weekly staff meetings and monthly quality assurance meetings; (c) achieving academic prominence by publishing and presenting papers in national meetings; (d) senior staff achieving faculty appointments with academic departments; (e) senior staff participating in graduate student lectures, and instituting a seminar series. Progress made at the institutional level includes; (a) implementing training programs; (b) developing an in-house TLD program; (c) initiating in-house diagnostic x-ray machine testing for units outside the Radiology Department; (d) centralizing radioactive package distribution; (e) simplifying the radiation licensing application process; (f) implementing written lab operating procedures in individual labs; (g) developing radioactive package order and receipt software; (h) implementing special shielding design and radioiodine patient waste management projects. We conclude: (1) involvement of executive management is critical for radiation protection management in multidisciplinary institutions; (2) consultant review is useful in guiding management support of RSO initiatives; (3) increased visibility of the radiation safety program, through training sessions and grand rounds, increases cooperation from users and subsequently improves regulatory compliance; (4) radiation safety division quality assurance meetings help identify weaknesses and provide motivation for improvement; (5) a clear chain of authority is critical in program oversight; (6) open participation in division projects by staff members fosters an intellectually stimulating environment in the group; (7) participation of senior administrators from Occupational and Environmental Safety Office (OESO) in the radiation safety staff meetings helps maintain a professional working relationship between the Radiation Safety Officer and the Director of OESO. (author)

2000-01-01

353

Kyoto and the economics of global warming; Kyoto et l'economie de l'effet de serre  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report sheds light on the economic issues surrounding climate change. The objective is to fuel a longer term reflexions. The greenhouse effect raises many questions dealing with economic policy. In particular what is the right agenda for action taking into account the low reversibility of the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases? What about the Kyoto protocol architecture? How to deal with countries that will not participate in the effort for controlling emissions, while enjoying the benefits of the preservation of the climate, a collective good? How to protect the competitiveness of countries that impose environmental constraints on their producers? This report is then discussed by P. Champsaur and A. Lipietz. (A.L.B.)

Guesnerie, R.

2003-07-01

354

Regimes de atmosfera controlada para o armazenamento de caqui ‘Kyoto’ Controlled atmosphere conditions for ‘Kyoto’ persimmon storage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de regimes de atmosfera controlada associados ou não com o uso de baixa umidade relativa e com a aplicação pós-colheita de fungicida sobre a conservação da qualidade de caqui ‘Kyoto’. Após o período de dois meses de armazenamento refrigerado a -0,5°C mais cinco dias a 20ºC, a firmeza de polpa manteve-se mais elevada nos frutos submetidos a 0,5kPa de O2 e 5kPa de CO2. A maior incidência de podridões ocorreu nos frutos armazenados a 2kPa de O2 + 10kPa de CO2. Baixa umidade relativa (90%) ou pressões parciais elevadas de CO2 (10 a 15kPa) aumentaram o escurecimento da epiderme.This work aimed to evaluate the effect of different partial pressures of O2 and CO2, combined or not with the use of low relative humidity (RH) and the postharvest fungicide application, on the quality of ‘Kyoto’ persimmons during controlled atmosphere (CA) storage. After two months of storage at -0.5°C plus five days at 20ºC, the highest flesh firmness was obtained in fruits stored in CA conditions of 0.5kPa of O2 and 5kPa of CO2. The highest rot incidence was observed in fruits stored at 2kPa O2 + 10kPa CO2. Low RH (90%) or high CO2 levels (10 to 15kPa) led to increased skin blackening.

Auri Brackmann; Sérgio Tonetto de Freitas; Ricardo Fabiano Hettwer Giehl; Anderson Machado de Mello; Marlova Benedetti; Viviani Ruffo de Oliveira; Affonso José Wietzke Guarienti

2004-01-01

355

Modified two-layer preservation method (M-Kyoto/PFC) improves islet yields in islet isolation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Islet allotransplantation can achieve insulin independence in patients with type I diabetes. Recent reports show that the two-layer method (TLM), which employs oxygenated perfluorochemical (PFC) and UW solution, is superior to simple cold storage in UW for pancreas preservation in islet transplantation. However, UW solution has several disadvantages, including the inhibition of Liberase activity. In this study, we investigated the features of a new solution, designated M-Kyoto solution. M-Kyoto solution contains trehalose and ulinastatin as distinct components. Trehalose has a cytoprotective effect against stress, and ulinastatin inhibits trypsin. In porcine islet isolation, islet yield was significantly higher in the M-Kyoto/PFC group compared with the UW/PFC group. There was no significant difference in ATP content in the pancreas between the two groups, suggesting that different islet yields are not due to their differences as energy sources. Compared with UW solution, M-Kyoto solution significantly inhibited trypsin activity in the digestion step; moreover, M-Kyoto solution inhibited collagenase digestion less than UW solution. In conclusion, the advantages of M-Kyoto solution are trypsin inhibition and less collagenase inhibition. Based on these data, we now use M-Kyoto solution for clinical islet transplantation from nonheart-beating donor pancreata.

Noguchi H; Ueda M; Nakai Y; Iwanaga Y; Okitsu T; Nagata H; Yonekawa Y; Kobayashi N; Nakamura T; Wada H; Matsumoto S

2006-03-01

356

Modified two-layer preservation method (M-Kyoto/PFC) improves islet yields in islet isolation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Islet allotransplantation can achieve insulin independence in patients with type I diabetes. Recent reports show that the two-layer method (TLM), which employs oxygenated perfluorochemical (PFC) and UW solution, is superior to simple cold storage in UW for pancreas preservation in islet transplantation. However, UW solution has several disadvantages, including the inhibition of Liberase activity. In this study, we investigated the features of a new solution, designated M-Kyoto solution. M-Kyoto solution contains trehalose and ulinastatin as distinct components. Trehalose has a cytoprotective effect against stress, and ulinastatin inhibits trypsin. In porcine islet isolation, islet yield was significantly higher in the M-Kyoto/PFC group compared with the UW/PFC group. There was no significant difference in ATP content in the pancreas between the two groups, suggesting that different islet yields are not due to their differences as energy sources. Compared with UW solution, M-Kyoto solution significantly inhibited trypsin activity in the digestion step; moreover, M-Kyoto solution inhibited collagenase digestion less than UW solution. In conclusion, the advantages of M-Kyoto solution are trypsin inhibition and less collagenase inhibition. Based on these data, we now use M-Kyoto solution for clinical islet transplantation from nonheart-beating donor pancreata. PMID:16468958

Noguchi, H; Ueda, M; Nakai, Y; Iwanaga, Y; Okitsu, T; Nagata, H; Yonekawa, Y; Kobayashi, N; Nakamura, T; Wada, H; Matsumoto, S

2006-03-01

357

The Kyoto Protocol impact on developing country HFC policies for implementing the Montreal Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Hydrofluorocarbons were developed as alternatives to CFCs which were controlled under the Montreal Protocol. Under the Kyoto Protocol these were included in a basket of greenhouse gases to be controlled. Though the Multilateral Fund has funded developing countries to change over to HFC-based technologies to eliminate CFCs, many developed countries have changed over to hydrocarbons as refrigerants despite their flammability. With the controls on HFC emissions under the Kyoto Protocol, developing countries may face a situation in the future of restricted supplies of HFCs. A second change over to eliminate the use of HFCs in developing countries may require a separate fund set up under the Kyoto Protocol. 9 refs.

Ratnasiri, J. [Ministry of Forestry and Environment, Colombo (Sri Lanka)

1999-07-01

358

The astronomical observatory of the University of Havana. A project for its rehabilitation as a center for science popularisation  

Science.gov (United States)

The project aims to recover the Astronomical Observatory of the University of Havana (AOUH) for science outreach at the national level, in order to help increasing the interest in science primarily among children and youth.

de la Guardia Durán, Mónica

2011-06-01

359

Global SF6 emission estimates inferred from atmospheric observations - a test case for Kyoto reporting  

Science.gov (United States)

Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) is one of the strongest greenhouse gases per molecule in the atmosphere. SF6 emissions are also one of the six greenhouse gases targeted for reduction under the Kyoto Protocol. Here we present a long-term data set of globally distributed high-precision atmospheric SF6 observations which show an increase in mixing ratios from near zero in the 1970s to a global mean value of 6.3 ppt by the end of 2007. Because of its long atmospheric lifetime of around 3000 years, the accumulation of SF6 in the atmosphere is a direct measure of its global emissions: Analysis of our long-term data records implies a decrease of global SF6 sources after 1995, most likely due to emission reductions in industrialised countries. However, after 1998 the global SF6 source increases again, which is probably due to enhanced emissions from transition economies such as in China and India. Moreover, observed north-south concentration differences in SF6 suggest that emissions calculated from statistical (bottom-up) information and reported by Annex II parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) may be too low by up to 50%. This clearly shows the importance and need for atmospheric (top-down) validation of Kyoto reporting which is only feasible with a dense world-wide observational network for greenhouse and other trace gases. Other members of the Global SF6 Trends Team: R. Heinz (1), D. Osusko (1), E. Cuevas (2), A. Engel (3), J. Ilmberger (1), R.L. Langenfelds (4), B. Neininger (5), C.v. Rohden (1), L.P. Steele (4), A. Varlagin (6), R. Weller (7), D.E. Worthy (8), S.A. Zimov (9) (1) Institut für Umweltphysik, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany, (2) Centro de Investigación Atmosférica de Izaña, Instituto Nacional de Meteorología (INM), 38071 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, (3) Institut für Atmosphäre und Umwelt, J.W. Goethe Universität Frankfurt, 60438 Frankfurt/Main, Germany, (4) Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research / CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (CMAR), Aspendale, Victoria 3195, Australia, (5) MetAir AG, 6313 Menzingen, Switzerland, (6) Svertsov Institute for Evolutionary and Ecological Problems (IPEE), 117071 Moscow, Russia, (7) Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, 27568 Bremerhaven, Germany, (8) Environment Canada, Climate Research Division / CCMR, Toronto, ON M3H 5T4, Canada, (9) Cherskii, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia

Levin, I.; Naegler, T.

2009-04-01

360

Prof. Ohama of Nihon University was commended to ACI Fellow; Nichidai {center_dot} Ohama kyoju {center_dot} ACI Fellow ni  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the Spring Meeting of ACI (America Concrete Institute) held in Chicago in March, 1999, Prof. Ohama of Nihon University (Architecture Section of Faculty of Engineering) was commended to Fellow of ACI. Fellow system of ACI was established in 1973. ACI Fellow is awarded to researchers and engineers who showed remarkable contribution to concrete system materials, production and construction of concrete products and structures, use of concrete in the fields of education, research, development, design, construction and management. This time 20 persons from U.S.A., 2 from Canada, 1 each from Japan, Germany, Columbia and United Arab Emirates were commended. ACI is a famous advance concrete research institute in the world, and very few persons were commended to ACI Fellow. Wide research activities on concrete polymer composite materials were evaluated by ACI. (translated by NEDO)

NONE

1999-07-10

 
 
 
 
361

Options for greenhouse emissions abatement - underground solutions after Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Australia`s commitment to the Kyoto Protocol allows for 8% growth above 1990 levels by 2012, but this amount is still a considerable reduction below the nation`s anticipated growth. It is unlikely that massive reductions in fossil fuel use will be the most cost-effective means of reducing emissions so alternative measures are being examined. These are: underground disposal of carbon dioxide, emissions trading, and the creation of carbon sinks. Six companies are involved in a project put together by the Australian Petroleum Cooperative Research Centre (APCRC) called GEODISC, to compress CO{sub 2} to its supercritical state and inject it into saline reservoirs. Greenhouse gas emissions trading is seen as a relatively low cost policy instrument and is being considered by the Australian Government within its overall greenhouse gas abatement policy framework. The article outlines the various options for these systems. A national emissions trading system could incorporate carbon sinks which sequester CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere. Carbon credits could be generated by carbon sink operators based on the amount of carbon sequestered. These credits could be sold or used to offset an operator`s CO{sub 2} emissions in other areas within Australia. This latter course has already been chosen by BP Amoco in Western Australia and by oil shale companies Southern Pacific Petroleum/Central Pacific Minerals in Queensland. 7 figs., 3 photos.

NONE

1999-11-01

362

The Kyoto negotiations on climate change: an economic perspective  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fewer countries have devoted more time and verbosity to the construction of an 'alternative energy system' than Sweden, and fewer have less to show for it. Now it appears that a Swedish-type energy model although it is a travesty of economic logic has been partially adopted by the Kyoto Conference on Climate Change (or COP 3). In this article I attempt to extend some of the comments on environmental matters that I make in Energy Economics: A Modern Introduction (Banks, 2000). This includes clarifying why it seems reasonable to accept the position of Gelbspan (1997) and others that climate warming may constitute a genuine danger to this planet. On the other hand, given the levels of unemployment, underemployment, and even poverty in many parts of the world, I see no point in amateurish experimentation with low-energy scenarios, nor an exaggerated faith in 'alternative technologies'. For the present, within a framework of stricter environmental controls, energy consumption must continue to expand. (Author)

Banks, F.E.

2000-07-01

363

Hot air in Kyoto, cold air in The Hague  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Summary: Why did the climate negotiations in The Hague fail? Our contribution is to argue that the conflict between the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) stems mainly from disagreement on the cost issue. We argue that three main concerns promoted by the EU in The Hague. First, a 50% national emission ceiling (the supplementarity principle), second the use of carbon sinks, and third an international market control system. These issues can be solved by removing all restrictions on free greenhouse gas (GHG) trade and by establishing the World Trade Organization as an international authority. The US will face considerably higher costs than foreseen at the negotiations in Kyoto and will have strong incentives to free ride. Our main hypothesis is that the EU proposal on supplementarity made the US turn to free riding. Thus, to make the US stay in an international GHG emission-trading scheme, the EU must reconsider and acknowledge US claims for cheaper reduction options and the right to trade 'hot air.'This point is important. If the US does not participate, the increase in emissions will be much higher than the emission reduction following the EU supplementarity proposal.

Steiner, Urs; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

2001-01-01

364

Transparency in the implementation of Kyoto Protocol for the forestry sector in Italy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Authors make a critic comment on the Carbo-Italy project, in that they think it is not properly designed to provide official data for carbon accounting, as required by the Kyoto Protocol.

Mollicone D; Federici S

2007-01-01

365

Report: demonstrable progresses of the France according the Kyoto protocol; Rapport: progres demontrables de la France selon le protocole de Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document constitutes the report of the France on the demonstrable progresses according the application of the 3 article of the Kyoto protocol. The first chapter is a description of the french climatic policy, as the second presents the tendencies and the projections concerning the greenhouse effect gases emissions. The chapter 3 details the policies effects and the measures ( energy, transport, industry and wastes). The last chapter is devoted to the respect of the other engagements articles 10 and 11 of the Kyoto protocol. (A.L.B.)

NONE

2006-06-15

366

The Kyoto Protocol: tradable emissions credits and compensatory solutions under the Bonn Resolutions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Protocol to the climate framework convention contains regulations on emissions trading and on various compensatory solutions. After a brief introduction to these instruments, the Climate Convention of 1992 and the Kyoto Protocol of 1997, this contribution examines the ways in which the Bonn Resolutions' of July 2001 have put the flexible instruments of the Protocol in more concrete terms: the recognition of sinks, joint fulfilment, joint Implementation, the Clean Development Mechanism and emissions trading. (author)

Corino, C.

2001-10-01

367

The Kyoto Protocol in the forest sector: state of the art and perspectives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The first anniversary of the Kyoto Protocol's entry into force is the occasion to overview the implementation status of this global treaty in the Italian forest sector. We illustrate the national actions aimed at promoting the carbon uptake by the LULUCF (Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry) activities, the status of the negotiation concerning the elegibility of the activities under 3.4 article as well as some future perspectives of this sector in the post-Kyoto scenario.

Tedeschi V; Lumicisi A

2006-01-01

368

Exploring the ancillary benefits of the Kyoto protocol for air pollution in Europe  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report explores the potential ancillary benefits for air pollution - in terms of reductions in pollutant emissions and changes in control costs and environmental impacts - resulting from different ways of implementing the Kyoto climate change protocol in Europe. It is based on a comparison of three climate policy scenarios, which differ in their use of the Kyoto mechanisms, with a baseline scenario for 2010. (au)

Vuuren, D.P. van; Eerens, H.; Elzen, M. den [RIVM, National Inst. for Public Health and the Environment (Netherlands); Cofala, J.; Oosenrijk, R.; Heyes, C.; Amann, M. [IIASA, International Inst. for Integrated System Analysis (Austria)

2004-07-01

369

Education and making human resources activities in japanese universities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Education systems of Japanese Universities for developing human resources in nuclear industry are described. As examples, the present nuclear engineering curricula of the University of Tokyo, of the Tokyo Institute of Technology and of the Osaka University are presented. The experimental courses on reactor physics using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly, the Kinki University Training Reactor, and the Joyo reactor and Monju are also presented. (authors)

Toshikazu, Takeda [Osaka Univ., Div. of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Suita Osaka (Japan); Yoshiaki, Oka [Tokyo Univ., Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Management (Japan); Seiji, Shiroya [Kyoto Univ., Research Reactor Institute, Osaka (Japan)

2007-07-01

370

Education and making human resources activities in japanese universities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Education systems of Japanese Universities for developing human resources in nuclear industry are described. As examples, the present nuclear engineering curricula of the University of Tokyo, of the Tokyo Institute of Technology and of the Osaka University are presented. The experimental courses on reactor physics using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly, the Kinki University Training Reactor, and the Joyo reactor and Monju are also presented. (authors)

2007-01-01

371

Proceeding of the symposium on the plan for establishment of Health Physics Research Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purposes of the establishment of the Health Physics Research Center are for much more development of health physics researches in higher level and systematic educations for the younger researchers. This research center was planned out for the co-operative research institute where can be used by not only visiting researchers of universities and academic institutions in Japan but also foreign researchers. The establishment of the Research Center has been authorized by the Japan Academy of Science in 1983, and the requests for obtaining the funds of the establishment has been carried out by the Kyoto University Authority to the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, Japanese Government in 1984. In this academic year, 1989, a symposium on the plan for the establishment of the Health Physics Research Center was held as one of the activities of Health Physics Research Meeting at Research Reactor Institute. The attendants was more than 120 scientists, and many valuable comments have been stated for the plan on the establishment. This report includes these comments. We editors many tank to the commentators and discussors. We hope to give much more cooperation and supports to the plan for the establishment of the Health Physics Research Center. (author).

1989-08-08

372

PENERAPAN KONSEP FUZZY DALAM VARIABLE-CENTERED INTELLIGENT RULE SYSTEM (Studi Kasus: Pemilihan Jurusan di Chinese University of Hongkong)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Variable-Centered Intelligent Rule System (VCIRS) is a system which is inspired by Rule-based System (RBS) and Ripple Down Rules (RDR). The system architecture is adapted from RBS, while from RDR this system obtained its advantages. The system organized Rule Base (RB) in a special structure so that...

Irfan Subakti; Oky Wijayanto

373

Patient dose from radiographic rejects/repeats in radiology centers of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Iran  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Medical diagnostic X-rays are the largest manmade source of ionizing radiation received by the members of the general public. The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiographic reject/repeat rate and also to determine dose to the patients from radiographic rejects/repeats in radiology centers of...

Nasrollah Jabbari; Ahad Zeinali; Leili Rahmatnezhad

374

Universal behavior of an isolated phase-slip center: experiment and time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For the first phase-slip center in superconducting whiskers of different materials the normalized normal-like length and zero-voltage intercept have been plotted as a function of the pair-breaking parameter. A comparison is made with the prediction of the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory.

Tidecks, R.; Werner, Th.

1987-05-01

375

Cogeneration system at city hotel `Ibaraki Kyoto Hotel`; City hotel `Ibaraki Kyoto hotel` ni okeru cogeneration system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper introduces a gas cogeneration system (CGS) at Ibaraki Kyoto Hotel, a city hotel of Ibaraki City, Osaka Prefecture. The hotel introduced cogeneration for energy conservation and combined energy supply since the stop of hotel facilities is not be allowed because of their electricity/heat loads existing for 24 hours. Two of a 200kW generator were interconnected to the 1000kW commercial power system. Gas engines were used for usual use, and diesel engines in case of emergency. Exhaust gas from engines is used for hot water supply/heating and cooling as heat source of the absorption type water cooling/heating device. The rate of CGS to the amount of electric power consumption was 41%. Concerning economical efficiency, the adoption of CGS reduced the annual energy cost by 17.3% and the amount of primary energy consumption by about 4% as compared with the conventional system. The CGS operation brought a favorable result in terms of the utilization of exhaust gas, and it can be said that the exhaust gas from CGS is fully used for the demand for hot water supply and heating. 9 figs., 4 tabs.

Inoue, S. [Taisei Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

1996-03-29

376

Il Centro Audio-visivo della Facolta di Lingue e Letterature Straniere della Universita di Trieste (Sede di Udine) (The Audiovisual Center of the Department of Foreign Languages and Literature at the University of Trieste in Udine)  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article describes the development and use of an audiovisual center at the University of Trieste in Udine, Italy. The hardware and software of the Center are described in detail. The courses in French, Spanish, Russian, English, and German are listed. (Text is in Italian). (CFM)|

Perini, Nereo

1977-01-01

377

Kyoto and liberalization ongoing transformation of the energy market  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

COGEN Europe believes that the single most important influence on the electricity sector in the future will be the policy response to climate change and that cogeneration offers one of the very best, prospects for cutting emissions in the power sector. In the EU, cogeneration was put at the head of the list of Policies and Measures laid down before Kyoto as the means of achieving its then progressive target of a 15% reduction in emissions by 2010 over 1990. COGEN Europe has estimated that EU-15 as a whole could reach a 30% cogeneration share of total electricity production by 2010. Indeed, three of the 15 countries have already reached 30% (Denmark, The Netherlands and Finland). On a conservative basis this would save 221 Mt of CO{sub 2}/yr by 2010, or 46% of the EU 15% negotiating target agreed in 1997. This also represents 30% of the 'gap' between the achievement of the 15% target and the 8% increase in emissions anticipated for 2010 in the absence of abatement measures. Most, if not all, of these savings would be based on zero or negative cost investments. COGEN Europe supports the trend towards liberalization and the European Commission's efforts to introduce competition into electricity and gas markets for the simple reason that they provide the best means to remove market and monopoly barriers to the development of high efficiency cogeneration. This paper presents a COGEN Europe vision for meeting and overcoming the challenges of global climate change - and some suggestions for governments which can help them achieve that elusive double dividend: environmental improvement and economic competitiveness. Governments should: where possible use the market to achieve your environmental objectives; avoid detailed regulation; avoid subsidizing pollution; set clear and ambitious CO{sub 2} objectives; redouble political pressure to achieve international consensus on internalization of environmental costs.

Minett, S.

1998-07-01

378

Center for Labor Research and Education (The Labor Center)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center for Labor Research and Education (The Labor Center) at University of California, Berkeley, offers information about our Center as well as a few back issues of their newsletter/journal - The Labor Center Reporter.

379

The Public Nights Program at Appalachian State University's Dark Sky Observatory Cline Visitor Center: Our First Year’s Results  

Science.gov (United States)

We have completed our first year of public nights at our Dark Sky Observatory’s 32-inch telescope and the adjacent Cline Visitor Center. Our monthly public nights are composed of two groups of 60 visitors each that arrive for 1.5-hour sessions. Shorter summer nights limit us to one session. We use two large (70-inch) flat panel displays in the Center for a brief pre-observing discussion and to entertain visitors while they await their turn at the telescope’s eyepiece. One of them runs a Beta version of Microsoft’s Worldwide Telescope for Kinect. While the facility is fully ADA compliant, with eyepiece access via a DFM Engineering Articulated Relay Eyepiece, and a wheelchair lift if needed, we have only had one occasion to use this capability. We present some of our experiences in this poster and encourage readers to offer suggestions. The Visitor Center was established with the support of Mr. J. Donald Cline, for which we are very grateful. The Kinect system was donated by Marley Gray, at Microsoft/Charlotte. The telescope was partially funded by the National Science Foundation.

Caton, Daniel B.; Smith, A. B.; Hawkins, R. L.

2013-01-01

380

[Biomedical research in the Netherlands: high quality due to cooperation between University Medical Centers and non-academic large teaching hospitals].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Most of the biomedical research is performed in University Medical Centers (UMC's). Increasingly, however, biomedical research is also done in non-academic large teaching hospitals, united in the Organization for Topclinical Hospitals (STZ) in the Netherlands. The objective of this study was to compare citation scores of biomedical publications from UMC's and STZ hospitals. DESIGN: Bibliometric analysis. METHOD: The Center for Science and Technology Studies of the University of Leiden, the Netherlands, annually analyzes the volume and quality (reflected by normalized citation scores) of the publications of all UMC's in the Netherland. Recently, also for STZ hospitals a similar analysis has been performed. RESULTS: Research publications from UMC's in the Netherland have normalized mean citation scores that are far above the mean world average. The normalized mean citation score of publications from STZ hospitals is lower when research is done independent of a UMC, whereas research that is a combined effort of UMC's and STZ hospitals has a very high mean normalized citation score. CONCLUSION: The Netherlands produces a relatively large volume of biomedical research and publications. Based on citation analysis research done in collaboration between UMC's and STZ hospitals has a very high quality. As most STZ hospitals mostly collaborate with a neighbouring UMC, the formation of research networks that overlap with existing teaching and training networks, could provided the necessary infrastructure for further stimulating this collaborative research.

Levi M; Sluiter HE; van Leeuwen T; Rook M; Peeters G

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Evaluation of the Drug Prescription Status Based on the WHO Indices in Pharmacies of Health Care Centers Affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: As a major responsibility, health authorities must control rational prescription of drugs (RUD). A way to analyze the regional status of drug prescription is the WHO’s recommended indices. The purpose of the study was to determine the status of drug prescriptions in pharmacies of healthcare centers under the authority of Tehran University of Medical Sciences based on the WHO indices. Methods: In this study, 28 pharmacies of health care centers under the supervision of Tehran University of Medical Sciences were selected and 3420 drug prescriptions were examined. Results: the study revealed that the average number of drug per prescription was 3.03 (SD=0.72). 56.49% of prescriptions contained at least one antibiotic. Moreover, at least one injectable drug was prescribed in 28.96% of prescriptions. Conclusion: Health authorities must play pivotal role in improving rational use of drugs. General practitioners are the major chain in RUD cycle. Results showed that we need to design some educational programs such as holding workshops on the RUD for physicians, public education and also producing related printed materials and advertising in the Media. These programs may improve the status based on the WHO indices which for example refers to the percentage of prescription of antibiotics & injections in the region.

Afsaneh Mosleh; Shiva Khoshnevis Ansari; Maryam Sorush; Ali Eghbalpor; Seifolah Babaeian

2011-01-01

382

Overview of the preparation and analytical methods of peat at the University of North Dakota Energy Research Center. [2401 samples from 13 states; summary values only  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1979, the US DOE funded a State Peat Resource Grant Program in which 14 states have participated. Grand Forks Energy Technology Center contributed to the program by providing program management and established a contract with the University of North Dakota Engineering Experiment Station to provide personnel to perform chemical analysis on 2401 peat samples provided by 13 of the participating states. This work provides a uniform chemical data base on the peat samples. These analyses, which are nearly complete, have been done in the laboratory facilities at GFETC (now the University of North Dakota Energy Research Center) and are the topic of this paper. The analytical data base consists of proximate, ultimate, and Btu values. The elemental analyses have been done on commercial C, H, N, and S analyzers. Details of the techniques are given in the paper as well as a discussion of the experimental difficulties encountered. Laboratory personnel are in the process of evaluating the methods used in the program. The original guidelines for the program were that the samples be treated as much like coal samples as possible.

Schelkoph, G.M.; Mitchell, M.J.; Gallahan, D.P.; Hassett, D.J.

1983-01-01

383

Hubblesite NewsCenter 1998: Gamma-Ray Burst Found to be Most Energetic Event in Universe  

Science.gov (United States)

In an astounding development, images from the Italian/Dutch BeppoSAX satellite and Compton Gamma Ray Observatory satellite have detected a "cosmic gamma ray burst [that] released a hundred times more energy than previously theorized, making it the most powerful explosion since the creation of the universe in the Big Bang." According to Professor George Djorgovski of the California Institute of Technology, "For about one or two seconds, this burst was as luminous as all the rest of the entire universe." The burst, which is about 12 billion light-years away, may prompt scientists to rethink the theory of gamma ray bursts. The Space Telescope Science site contains captioned images in several formats and other supplemental information.

1998-01-01

384

Hungary's Initial Report under the Kyoto Protocol. Calculation of Assigned Amount  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol Hungary has an obligation to submit a report determining assigned amount to the UNFCCC by 31 December 2006 latest. According to decision 10/CMP.1 Parties should submit their report determining their assigned amount 16 months before their eligibility for the use of international emission trading and ability to transfer and/or acquire ERUs under the joint implementation mechanism. This requirement was also set down in Article 23 of a Commission decision laying down rules implementing Decision 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning a mechanism for monitoring Community greenhouse gas emissions and for implementing the Kyoto Protocol. This report represents fulfillment of Hungary's obligation under Article 23 and is submitted in accordance with the guidelines set out by the Commission Decision and relevant guidelines under the Kyoto Protocol. This report contains the following information, or references to such information where it has been previously submitted to the secretariat with regard to Hungary: (1) Complete inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol for all years from 1990, or the approved base period under Article 3, paragraph 5 of the Kyoto Protocol, to the most recent year available, prepared in accordance with Article 5, paragraph 2 of the Kyoto Protocol, and relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP), taking into account any relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties (COP); (2) Identification of its selected base year for hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride in accordance with Article 3, paragraph 8 of the Kyoto Protocol; (3) Calculation of its assigned amount pursuant to Article 3, paragraphs 7 and 8 of the Kyoto Protocol, on the basis of its inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol; (4) Calculation of its commitment period reserve in accordance with decision 11/CMP.1 (Article 17); (5) Identification of its selection of single minimum values for tree crown cover, land area and tree height for use in accounting for its activities under Article 3, paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Kyoto Protocol, together with a justification of the consistency of those values with the information that has been historically reported to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations or other international bodies, and in the case of difference, an explanation of why and how such values were chosen, in accordance with decision 16/CMP.1; (6) Identification of its election of activities under Article 3, paragraph 4 of the Kyoto Protocol, for inclusion in its accounting for the first commitment period, together with information on how its national system under Article 5, paragraph 1 of the Kyoto Protocol, will identify land areas associated with the activities, in accordance with decision 16/CMP.1 (Land use, land-use change and forestry); (7) Identification of whether, for each activity under Article 3, paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Kyoto Protocol, it intends to account annually or for the entire commitment period; (8) A description of its national system in accordance with Article 5, paragraph 1, reported in accordance with the guidelines for the preparation of the information required under Article 7 of the Kyoto Protocol; (9) A description of its national registry, reported in accordance with the guidelines for the preparation of the information required under Article 7 of the Kyoto Protocol.

NONE

2006-08-15

385

Temporal trends in treatment and outcomes for advanced heart failure with reduced ejection fraction from 1993-2010: findings from a university referral center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Randomized trials have demonstrated the efficacy of several new therapies for heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction over the preceding 2 decades. This study investigates whether these therapeutic advances have translated into improvement in outcomes for patients with advanced HF referred to a heart transplant center. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with HF (n=2507) referred to a single university center were analyzed in three 6-year eras during which medical and device therapies were evolving: 1993 to 1998 (era 1), 1999 to 2004 (era 2), and 2005 to 2010 (era 3). Impaired hemodynamics and comorbidities were more frequent at time of referral in later eras, whereas other HF severity parameters where similar or improved. Successive eras had greater usage of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers, ?-blockers, aldosterone antagonists, implantable cardioverter defibrillators, and cardiac resynchronization therapy, consistent with evolving evidence and guideline recommendations over the study period. All-cause mortality and sudden death were significantly lower in era 2 and 3 compared with era 1. After multivariable risk adjustment, era 3 had significantly decreased 2- and 3-year all-cause mortality risk and significantly decreased 1- and 3-year sudden death risk compared with era 1. However, progressive HF death and the combined outcome of mortality/urgent transplant/ventricular assist device were modestly increased in the latter eras. CONCLUSIONS: Over the past 2 decades, patients with advanced HF referred to and managed at a tertiary university referral center have benefited from advances in HF medications and devices, as evidenced by improvements in overall survival and sudden death risk.

Loh JC; Creaser J; Rourke DA; Livingston N; Harrison TK; Vandenbogaart E; Moriguchi J; Hamilton MA; Tseng CH; Fonarow GC; Horwich TB

2013-05-01

386

When the library is located in prime real estate: a case study on the loss of space from the Duke University Medical Center Library and Archives.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Duke University Medical Center Library and Archives is located in the heart of the Duke Medicine campus, surrounded by Duke Hospital, ambulatory clinics, and numerous research facilities. Its location is considered prime real estate, given its adjacency to patient care, research, and educational activities. In 2005, the Duke University Library Space Planning Committee had recommended creating a learning center in the library that would support a variety of educational activities. However, the health system needed to convert the library's top floor into office space to make way for expansion of the hospital and cancer center. The library had only five months to plan the storage and consolidation of its journal and book collections, while working with the facilities design office and architect on the replacement of key user spaces on the top floor. Library staff worked together to develop plans for storing, weeding, and consolidating the collections and provided input into renovation plans for users spaces on its mezzanine level. The library lost 15,238 square feet (29%) of its net assignable square footage and a total of 16,897 (30%) gross square feet. This included 50% of the total space allotted to collections and over 15% of user spaces. The top-floor space now houses offices for Duke Medicine oncology faculty and staff. By storing a large portion of its collection off-site, the library was able to remove more stacks on the remaining stack level and convert them to user spaces, a long-term goal for the library. Additional space on the mezzanine level had to be converted to replace lost study and conference room spaces. While this project did not match the recommended space plans for the library, it underscored the need for the library to think creatively about the future of its facility and to work toward a more cohesive master plan. PMID:20098649

Thibodeau, Patricia L

2010-01-01

387

When the library is located in prime real estate: a case study on the loss of space from the Duke University Medical Center Library and Archives.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Duke University Medical Center Library and Archives is located in the heart of the Duke Medicine campus, surrounded by Duke Hospital, ambulatory clinics, and numerous research facilities. Its location is considered prime real estate, given its adjacency to patient care, research, and educational activities. In 2005, the Duke University Library Space Planning Committee had recommended creating a learning center in the library that would support a variety of educational activities. However, the health system needed to convert the library's top floor into office space to make way for expansion of the hospital and cancer center. The library had only five months to plan the storage and consolidation of its journal and book collections, while working with the facilities design office and architect on the replacement of key user spaces on the top floor. Library staff worked together to develop plans for storing, weeding, and consolidating the collections and provided input into renovation plans for users spaces on its mezzanine level. The library lost 15,238 square feet (29%) of its net assignable square footage and a total of 16,897 (30%) gross square feet. This included 50% of the total space allotted to collections and over 15% of user spaces. The top-floor space now houses offices for Duke Medicine oncology faculty and staff. By storing a large portion of its collection off-site, the library was able to remove more stacks on the remaining stack level and convert them to user spaces, a long-term goal for the library. Additional space on the mezzanine level had to be converted to replace lost study and conference room spaces. While this project did not match the recommended space plans for the library, it underscored the need for the library to think creatively about the future of its facility and to work toward a more cohesive master plan.

Thibodeau PL

2010-01-01

388

Customer-Centered Structuring in University Libraries and Personnel Satisfaction Üniversite Kütüphanelerinde Mü?teri Merkezli Yap?lanma ve Personel Memnuniyeti  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Total Quality Management (TQM) aims at creating a client-centered organization and providing customer satisfaction. This study reviews TQM and its applications in university libraries and examines employees' satisfaction with their work respectively. It was hypothesized that library personnel is not satisfied because university libraries lack customer-centered (users and personnel) structuring. Survey method was used to gather data. The questionnaire was administered to the 66 employees of Hacettepe University (HU) libraries. High-level administrators of HU libraries were also interviewed. Data were analyzed using "t test" and "one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)". Toplam Kalite Yönetimi (TKY), mü?teri merkezli organizasyon yap?s? kurmay? ve mü?teri memnuniyeti sa?lamay? amaç edinen bir yönetim sistemidir. Bu çal??mada, TKY ve üniversite kütüphanelerindeki uygulamalar? incelenmi?; ve ayr?ca kütüphane personelinin çal??ma ya?am?ndan duyduklar? memnuniyet düzeyi ara?t?r?lm??t?r. Ülkemizdeki üniversite kütüphanelerinde mü?teri merkezli (kullan?c? ve personel) hizmet yap?lanmas? olmad??? için, kütüphane personelinin çal??ma ya?am?ndan memnun olmad?klar? ?eklindeki hipotez ba?lam?nda yap?lan çal??mada, betimleme yöntemi kullan?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rmada Hacettepe Üniversitesi (HÜ) kütüphanelerinde çal??an 66 ki?iye anket uygulanm??, ayr?ca, üst düzey yöneticilerle görü?meler yap?lm??t?r. Verilerin de?erlendirilmesinde, "t testi" ve "tek yönlü varyans analizi (ANOVA)" yöntemleri kullan?lm??t?r.

Erol Y?lmaz

2004-01-01

389

The accident of stereotaxic radiosurgery at the University hospital center of Toulouse. Expert report n.2. Dosimetric and clinical evaluation. Risk analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The regional center of stereotaxic radiosurgery (C.R.R.S.) of the University hospital center (C.H.U.) of Toulouse is equipped since april 2006 with a Novalis accelerator (Brainlab) devoted to radiosurgery and intra skull stereotaxic radiotherapy.In april 2007, during an intercomparison of dosimetry files coming from various sites, the Brainlab society detects an anomaly. The analysis made by the society concludes to the use of an unsuited detector for the measurement of a dosimetry parameter during the accelerator initial calibration. Following this error, 145 patients (on 172 patients treated since the center opening) suffer of an overdose whom importance is variable. On the 26. june 2007 the Authority of nuclear safety (Asn) requires an expertise on the following points: checking of the experimental protocols of micro-beams calibration before and after correction of the dysfunction; analysis at the theoretical level of the neurological complications risk at long term for the exposed patients. The second point of this request is the subject of this report. It gives the synthesis of the whole of information, at the clinical and dosimetric level and outlines successively: the expertise methodology; the cohort of patients treated at the C.R.R.S.; the parameters of the risk analysis of neurological complications; the different risk analysis according the pathologies treated at the C.R.R.S.; the recommendations. (N.C.)

2008-01-01

390

The establishment of the School of Public Health at the State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center: the first nationally accredited school of public health in a public university in New York City.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The State University of New York (SUNY), Downstate Medical Center initiated a Master of Public Health (MPH) degree program in July 2001 following planning efforts that began in 1995. Twelve students entered the program in June 2002, and currently some 110 MPH students and 12 Doctor of Public Health (DrPH) students are enrolled. This article describes the long and complex process of transforming the original MPH degree program, with its single focus on urban and immigrant health, with a student enrollment of 12 and 8 full-time faculty, into a school of public health with a large student enrollment of 122 students, 25 full-time faculty, five MPH degree tracks, and four DrPH degree tracks. The process of establishing the SUNY Downstate School of Public Health in 2009 from its inception as an MPH program in 2001 spanned a period of 8 years. This process was guided by a commitment to two basic principles. The first was to maintain the original 2005 program accreditation by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH). The second was to sequentially secure accreditation for all subsequent four MPH and four DrPH degree tracks through CEPH's procedure of substantive change approval. This policy assured continuous national CEPH accreditation of the original Urban and Immigrant Health MPH degree track and all added degree programs. The 5-year period following the initial CEPH accreditation of the MPH program in 2005 was one of intense development during which all of the essential elements for CEPH accreditation of a school of public health were put into place. This rapid development was made possible by the vision and full support of Downstate's president, John C. LaRosa, MD, FACP, and the dedicated efforts of many. This included the students, faculty, staff, and administrators of the School of Public Health, the school's Community Advisory Group, several external advisors, and many in the medical center's Central Administration, College of Medicine, School of Graduate Studies, College of Nursing, College of Health Related Professions, and the University Hospital of Brooklyn. From the very beginning of the planning phase for an MPH program and through the ultimate accreditation of the School of Public Health in 2010, broad participation was solicited from all major units in the medical center. Thus, the MPH program became a center-wide initiative and not merely that of the College of Medicine's Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health. This broad participation has been continuously maintained through the involvement of leaders of other medical center academic units and the University Hospital of Brooklyn in the program's and then the school's standing and ad hoc committees, and in other activities as well. Similarly, community representation has been maintained, some through formal linkages relevant to the practical field experiences required of all students. In October 2010, the Board of Councilors of CEPH accredited the SUNY Downstate School of Public Health for a 5-year period through 31 December 2015. The accreditation of the school was a major milestone for Downstate, Brooklyn, and New York City. The SUNY Downstate School of Public Health is the first CEPH accredited school of public health in the history of Brooklyn, and only the second such school in New York City. It is also the first CEPH accredited school of public health at a publicly supported university in New York City. The school has already had a major impact on improving the health and well-being of the people of Brooklyn through its numerous collaborative community-based health promotion and disease prevention programs.

Imperato PJ; LaRosa JH; Kavaler F; Benker K; Schechter L

2011-02-01

391

The Relationship Between Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Staffs Empowerment in Health Centers of Tehran University of Medical Sciences: 2010  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Nowadays the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) has attracted managers and researcher’s attention. Considering such behaviors that has not been much emphasized one way to increase organizational effectiveness. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between OCB with its four dimensions on staff empowerment. Methods: This is an applied-descriptive study, carried out in 2010.The study Population are 162 staffs in TUMS health centers. Data are collected using Padsakoof model questionnaire, and analyzed using the SPSS software, and ?, and Friedman test; and Spearman coefficient. Results: In TUMS health centers among OCB dimensions altruism, conscientiousness and sportsmanship dimensions were in an appropriate level, but civic virtue dimension was in a lowest level than appropriate level. Conscientiousness dimension was in the highest level. There is significant correlation between OCB and staff empowerment. (P=0.00, r=0.628). Discussion: Paying attention to the OCB concept and its establishment in organizations, and its significant relationship with staff empowerment, may be useful to grow up for human resources.

N Khalesi; A Ghaderi; M Khoshgam; VR Borhani Nejad; M Toroski

2011-01-01

392

Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2012. Tracking progress towards Kyoto and 2020 targets  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

At the end of 2011, almost all European countries were on track towards their Kyoto targets for 2008-2012. The EU-15 also remained on track to achieve its Kyoto target. Italy, however, was not on track. Spain plans to acquire a large quantity of Kyoto units through the KP's flexible mechanisms to achieve its target. With emission caps already set for the economic sectors under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), emissions reductions during 2012 in the sectors outside the EU ETS together with reductions by carbon sinks will set the frame for how many Kyoto units Member States need to acquire to reach their individual targets. Hence, both the development and delivery of adequate plans to acquire enough Kyoto credits is becoming increasingly important. ETS emissions from 2008 to 2011 were on average 5 % below these caps, which results in an oversupply of allowances. The EU ETS is undergoing important changes in view of the third trading phase from 2013 to 2020. Most EU Member States project that in 2020, their emissions outside the EU ETS will be lower than their national targets set under the Climate and Energy Package. However, further efforts will be necessary to achieve longer term reductions. (Author)

Gores, S.; Scheffler, M.; Graichen, V. [Oeko-Institut (Oeko), Freiburg (Germany)] [and others

2012-10-15

393

Climate policy beyond Kyoto: Quo vadis? A computable general equilibrium analysis based on expert judgements  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Despite of the apparent failure of the Kyoto Protocol with respect to environmental effectiveness, it has established a broad international mechanism that might be able to provide a global reduction of greenhouse gas emissions during a second commitment period. In this paper we investigate the likely future of post-Kyoto policies. Our primary objective is to identify policy-relevant abatement scenarios and to quantify the associated economic implications across major world regions. Based on a cross-impact analysis we first evaluate an expert poll to select the most likely post-Kyoto climate policy scenarios. We then use a computable general equilibrium model to assess the economic implications of these key scenarios. We find that post-Kyoto agreements are likely to cover only small reductions in global greenhouse gas emissions with abatement duties predominantly assigned to the industrialized countries while developing countries do not make any commitments, but can sell emission abatement to the industrialized world. Equity rules to allocate abatement duties are mainly based on the sovereignty principle or ability-to-pay. Global adjustment costs arising from post-Kyoto policies are very moderate but fuel exporting countries are likely to face quite considerable costs because of adverse terms-of-trade effects on fossil fuel markets. (orig.)

Boehringer, C.; Loeschel, A.

2003-07-01

394

Steps to success: introducing PDAs at the University of Connecticut Health Center School of Medicine / Der Weg zum Erfolg: Einführung von PDAs an der Health Center School of Medicine der Universität Connecticut  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The LM Stowe Library helps implement and support a personal digital assistant (PDA) program for the School of Medicine at the University of Connecticut Health Center in Farmington, Connecticut. This article describes the role of the library and the library staff in purchasing and supporting PD