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1

Kyoto University Reactor diagnostic system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For the safety of a nuclear reactor, it is very important that the operators and manager make exact judgement about the various conditions of the nuclear reactor occurring at times. The research is advanced for the purpose of adopting a computer system for the research reactor of Kyoto University (KUR), offering effective information to operators and maintenance workers, making the advice for exactly judging the conditions of the reactor by sufficiently grasping them, consequently, developing the system for increasing the safety of the reactor. For the development of this system, also technical officials took part positively and cooperated in the research and development based on the experience of the maintenance and operation of the research reactor carried out daily. The system comprises the data acquisition part, data base, abnormality diagnostic part, man-machine interface part, and individual dealing part. The abnormality of the reactor is identified by the judgement of operators by referring to the data memorized in the data base, then, the reactor is operated. The constitution of the computer system used is shown. The CPU is a minicomputer ECLIPSE S-140, and the main memory is 512 kB. The auxiliary memories are a fixed disk equipment of 73 MB, two floppy disk equipments and a magnetic tape equipment. Respective subsystems are explained. (Kako, I.)

2

Status of AMS system of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We are developing Accelerator Mass Spectrometer (AMS) using 8 MV tandem accelerator of Faculty of Science, Kyoto University to measure long life heavy radio- isotope with high sensitivity. The multi target sputter ion source mounted 59 samples. A slit was installed in front of negative ion source to decrease beam emittance. The 3 ?m aluminum foil was used to separate 13C4+ and 14N4+, 7Li2)4+ in the silicon semiconductor detector. Successive injection is realized by changing the magnetic field of injection section. The test sample was at first to become CO2. After purification, it was de oxidized by Hydrogen with Fe catalysis. The ratio of 14C/12C was obtained after estimation of the ion permeability efficiency. The tandem accelerator was not exclusive for the mass spectrometer. Therefore, we installed the second stripper (5 ?m Mylar) between the 90 degrees analyzing magnet and the steering magnet to cancel out background signals. After all, this modification enabled to measure 14C by successive injection method. The reproducibility of data is less than 1 - 2 %, which is mainly due to the fluctuation of the electric current measurement. The chain operation time is about 2500 hours in a year. Meantime, the main trouble is a deterioration of cooling water quality. Exchanges of pipes and cleaning by chemicals were needed after the deterioration of water quality. Further optimization of detector system is being continued to increase sensitivity. (Y. Tanaka)

3

Light-water moderator core of Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Kyoto University Critical Assembly KUCA is of new type with three cores which consist of highly enriched uranium and solid moderator or light water moderator. The first critical experiment of KUCA was performed in August, 1974. In the present report, the basic concepts of the system and the construction of the light water moderator assembly are described, including the design policy and the matters which demand special attention in its construction. The design of KUCA was done on the basis of the original and unique idea and of the experience of the operation, maintenance and improvement of more than ten years in the research reactor at Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. Any compromise was excluded from the viewpoint of reactor safety. (author)

4

Polarized ionic source of the tandem accelerator in Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A polarized ion source developed under the National Laboratory of High Energy Physics was transferred to the tandem accelerator in Kyoto University at beginning of 1993 to constitute a displacement of incidence into the accelerator. This was an atomic beam type polarized ion source, which is designed to adopt permanent magnets for 6 poles magnet to polarize the electron, to take out atomic nucleus on a shape of positive ion by ECR ionizer after transferring its polarization through transition using radio frequency (RFT), to make it negative ion by charge conversion using alkaline metal vapor, and to put it into the tandem accelerator. Test of the positive ion was finished at the National Laboratory of High Energy Physics, and test in Kyoto University was required after its negative ionization. As the estimated cost was unsufficient and entrance into the ion source facility in the tandem accelerator building was limited in Kyoto University, step of development was slow. Here is reported on present state of the ion source which is now operating stably. (G.K.)

5

UCN-VCN facility and experiments in Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An ultracold and very cold neutron facility was installed in Kyoto University Reactor (KUR). The facility consists of a very cold neutron (VCN) guide tube, a VCN bender, a supermirror neutron turbine and experimental equipments with ultracold neutrons (UCN). The properties of each equipments are presented. UCN is generated by a supermirror neutron turbine combined with the cold neutron source operated with liquid deuterium, and the UCN output spectrum was measured by the time-of-flight method. A gravity analyzer for high resolution spectroscopy and a neutron bottle for decay experiments are now developing as the UCN research in KUR. (author)

6

Safety and interlock system of Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

KUCA (Kyoto University Critical Assembly) is an entirely new type of critical facility which is composed of three independent highly enriched uranium cores, two with solid moderators and the other with a light water moderator. These three cores share many common facilities such as control rod drive mechanism, instrumentation system, and various experimental facilities. To secure safety and smooth operation of this multi-core system, a safety and interlock system was developed based on the ten years experiences in design, construction, and operation of research reactors at the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. The first critical experiment with KUCA was performed in August 1974. Since then, this safety and interlock system have served as the nucleus of the network of KUCA. This document provides with the basic concept of the safety and interlock system together with various experiences in its construction and operation. Safety logics and system flow charts in various operational procedures are explained with many figures and tables. (Aoki, K.)

7

Aseismatic design of Kyoto University No.2 reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University, the additional installation of a high neutron flux reactor (hereinafter, called KUHFR) with thermal output of 30,000 kW was approved in 1978, and at present, the deliberation is continued in the nuclear reactor problem council of Osaka Prefecture. In this report, the aseismatic design of the facility is mainly reported, which is one of the safety evaluations carried out at the time of the application for the approval of the installation of the KUHFR. In case of the reactor facilities for research, the thermal output is smaller than power reactors, and also the temperature and pressure in the primary system are lower, but the aseismatic design of the KUHFR is as severe as that of power reactors. The investigation of the ground in the site of the expected construction, the classification of the importance of the facilities, the determination of the earthquake motion for design, the analysis of the earthquake response of the reactor building, and the examination of the aseismatic safety of the supporting ground are reported. It is required to determine the earthquake motion for design by adequately evaluating the vibration characteristics peculiar to the place of location. For the purpose, the observation of earthquakes simultaneously at many points has been carried out since 1982 at the Kyoto University reactor. (Kako, I.)

8

Accelerator-Driven Subcritical Reactors in Japanese Universities: Experimental Study Using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A series of basic experiments for an accelerator-driven sub-critical reactor (ADSR) was officially launched in financial year 2000 at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) as a joint-use program among Japanese universities. These experiments are closely related to the future plan of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute. A final goal of this plan is to establish a next-generation neutron source as a substitute for the 5-MW Kyoto University Reactor and based on the ADSR concept to promote joint research among Japanese universities. An attractive point of the ADSR system is that either pulsed or steady neutrons can be provided depending on the accelerator's operation mode

9

Accelerator-Driven Subcritical Reactors in Japanese Universities: Experimental Study Using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A series of basic experiments for an accelerator-driven sub-critical reactor (ADSR) was officially launched in financial year 2000 at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) as a joint-use program among Japanese universities. These experiments are closely related to the future plan of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute. A final goal of this plan is to establish a next-generation neutron source as a substitute for the 5-MW Kyoto University Reactor and based on the ADSR concept to promote joint research among Japanese universities. An attractive point of the ADSR system is that either pulsed or steady neutrons can be provided depending on the accelerator's operation mode.

Shiroya, S.; Unesaki, H.; Misawa, T.

2001-06-17

10

PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ON RHIC SPIN PHYSICS III AND IV, POLARIZED PARTONS AT HIGH Q2 REGION, AUGUST 3, 2000 AT BNL, OCTOBER 14, 2000 AT KYOTO UNIVERSITY.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

International workshop on II Polarized Partons at High Q2 region 11 was held at the Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan on October 13-14, 2000, as a satellite of the international conference ''SPIN 2000'' (Osaka, Japan, October 16-21,2000). This workshop was supported by RIKEN (The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) and by Yukawa Institute. The scientific program was focused on the upcoming polarized collider RHIC. The workshop was also an annual meeting of RHIC Spin Collaboration (RSC). The number of participants was 55, including 28 foreign visitors and 8 foreign-resident Japanese participants, reflecting the international nature of the RHIC spin program. At the workshop there were 25 oral presentations in four sessions, (1) RHIC Spin Commissioning, (2) Polarized Partons, Present and Future, (3) New Ideas on Polarization Phenomena, (4) Strategy for the Coming Spin Running. In (1) the successful polarized proton commissioning and the readiness of the accelerator for the physics program impressed us. In (2) and (3) active discussions were made on the new structure function to be firstly measured at RHIC, and several new theoretical ideas were presented. In session (4) we have established a plan for the beam time requirement toward the first collision of polarized protons. These proceedings include the transparencies presented at the workshop. The discussion on ''Strategy for the Coming Spin Running'' was summarized by the chairman of the session, S. Vigdor and G. Bunce.

BUNCE, G.; VIGDOR, S.

2001-03-15

11

Some experiences of upgrading research reactor performance for effective utilization in Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute (KURRI), the heavy water facility of the Kyoto University research Reactor (KUR) was remodeled in order to upgrade the performance of Neutron Capture Therapy (NCT) in the fiscal year 1995. A new materials irradiation facility was installed in the KUR during fiscal year 1996-1998. These facilities have been used effectively to promote the joint use program among Japanese universities. (author)

12

Radioactive waste management in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The joint utilization by the researchers of the universities and others in whole Japan of the reactor facilities in Kyoto University was begun in 1965. The facility for abandoning radioactive waste was constructed in fiscal year 1963, and comprises 500 kg/h vaporization and concentration facility, 2 systems of 5 m{sup 3}/h flocculation, precipitation and filtration facility, and 2 systems of 5 m{sup 3}/h ion exchange facility for liquid waste, 50x10{sup 3} kg pressing capacity, four-column type press for reducing volume of solid waste, and waste store for 400 standard drums. Radioactive Waste Treatment Department was organized, and the stipulations on security and radiation injury prevention were enforced in 1964. Liquid and solid wastes have been accepted since 1964. The radioactivity in discharged water in each year is shown. About 600 m{sup 3} of waste liquid has been accepted in one year since 1980. The trust of solid waste treatment to Japan Radioisotope Association has been carried out 51 times. The radioactive waste which is temporarily stored in the waste store is reported. Hereafter, the construction of the facility for storing large finished equipment and the appearance of waste treatment enterprises are desirable. (K.I.)

Shimoura, Kazukuni [Kyoto Univ., Kumatori, Osaka (Japan). Research Reactor Inst.

1997-02-01

13

l=1 helical axis heliotron device in Kyoto university  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Helical systems are an attractive candidate for magnetic fusion reactor. Recently, there has been great progress in theoretical research of three dimensional magnetic field structures, resulting in several kinds of confinement optimization being proposed for toroidal magnetic confinement system. For example, some sophisticated ideas have appeared on stage such as quasi-helical symmetry and quasi-isodynamic system. To find experimentally which way is the best Optimisation, a new helical axis heliotron device, so called 'Heliotron J', is under construction in the Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Japan. In this conference, the basic concept and the present status will be presented. In the conventional plane axis helical system, it was difficult to have both good particle confinement and good MHD stability simultaneously. The goal of Heliotron J project is to clarify their compatibility in the spatial axis toroidal device. The best way for Optimising the helical magnetic field configuration will be explored by investigating the plasma response to the change in the field components. The main subjects for plasma experiment are: demonstration of the existence of good magnetic flux surfaces, reduction of neoclassical transport in collisionless regime, MHD Stabilisation in high ? plasma, controllability of bootstrap current, good confinement of high energy particles

14

Ion and electron Van de Graaff accelerators of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two Van de Graaff accelerators are available at the Uji campus of Kyoto University. One is a 4MV machine, which is used for heavy ion acceleration, while the other is a 2MV machine for electron acceleration. These machines have been modified in various parts and currently used very actively in many fields of investigation. Important modifications of the 4MV machine are: use of a newly developed accelerating tube, addition of a charge-changer before the analyzing magnet, renewal of the charging belt, and development of a microbeam system for PIXE and RBS analysis. An attempt is now being made to accelerate micro-particles using the 2MV machine. The new accelerating tube has bucket type electrodes with large accelerating apertures. By charge-changing the accelerated 1+ ions to higher charge states, 2+, 3+, ..., at the entrance of the analyzing magnet, Ar ions with energies of up to 2.73, 6.21, .... MeV can be deflected to the duct. Scanning microbeam PIXE and RBS are powerful tools for analysis of spatial elemental distribution. Calculations suggest that a beam size of about 3 ?m can be attained by using an object aperture of 10?m in diameter and controlling the beam divergence within 10? rad in both directions. (N.K.)

15

Operational safety and reactor life improvements of Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent important experience in improving the operational safety and life of a reactor are described. The Kyoto University Reactor (KUR) is a 25-year-old 5 MW light water reactor provided with two thermal columns of graphite and heavy water as well as other kinds of experimental facilities. In the graphite thermal column, noticeable amounts of neutron irradiation effects had accumulated in the graphite blocks near the core. Before the possible release of the stored energy, all the graphite blocks in the column were successfully replaced with new blocks using the opportunity provided by the installation of a liquid deuterium cold neutron source in the column. At the same time, special seal mechanisms were provided for essential improvements to the problem of radioactive argon production in the column. In the heavy-water thermal column we have accomplished the successful repair of a slow leak of heavy water through a thin instrumentation tube failure. The repair work included the removal and reconstructions of the lead and graphite shielding layers and welding of the instrumentation tube under radiation fields. Several mechanical components in the reactor cooling system were also exchanged for new components with improved designs and materials. On-line data logging of almost all instrumentation signals is continuously performed with a high speed data analysis system to diagnose operational conditions of the reactor. Furthermore, through detailed investigations on critical components, operational safety during further extended reactor life will be supported by well scheduled maintenance programs

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Annual report of Radiation Laboratory Department of Nuclear Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This publication is the collection of the papers presented research activities of Radiation laboratory, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyoto University during the 1992 academic/fiscal year (April, 1992 - March, 1993). The 48 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

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Annual report of Radiation Laboratory Department of Nuclear Engineering Kyoto University for fiscal 1993  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This publication is the collection of the papers presented research activities of Radiation Laboratory, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyoto University during the 1993 academic/fiscal year (April, 1993 - March, 1994). The 47 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

18

Zero-Carbon Energy Kyoto 2011 : Special Edition of Jointed Symposium of Kyoto University Global COE “Energy Science in the Age of Global Warming” and Ajou University BK21  

CERN Document Server

The nuclear plant accident at Fukushima in the wake of the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami has had a major impact on the energy strategy of Japan and the world. From a global perspective, approach to energy is of greater and greater consequence. The Global Center of Excellence (COE) Program of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan, with the support of university faculty members, has established an international education and research platform to foster educators, researchers, and policy makers who can develop technologies and propose policies for establishing a CO2 zero-emission society no longer dependent on fossil fuels by the year 2100. Since 2008, a program called “Energy Science in the Age of Global Warming—Toward a CO2 Zero-Emission Energy System” has been in progress at Kyoto University. A third international symposium, titled “Zero-Carbon Energy, Kyoto 2011,” was held jointly with Ajou University, Korea, in August 2011, and this book is a compila...

2012-01-01

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Measurement and analysis of gamma-ray distributions in Kyoto University Critical Assembly, KUCA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Gamma-ray distributions in an undermoderated core of the Kyoto University Critical Assembly, KUCA-B, were measured with four thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLDs), magnesium, strontium and barium orthosilicate (Mg2SiO4 (Tb), Sr2SiO4(Tb) and Ba2SiO4(Tb)); and calcium sulfate (CaSO4(Tm)). In advance of the measurements, the response of these TLDs to gamma-rays was calibrated with a 60Co source and that of Mg2SiO4(Tb) to neutrons was tested. The neutron and gamma-ray flux distributions in the core of KUCA were simultaneously calculated by a transport code ANISN-JR, using a combined cross section set generated by RADHEAT-V3. The distribution of the gamma-rays from fission products was independently calculated. In order to obtain the absorbed dose of each TLD, the following three components were summed up: (1) prompt gamma-rays, (2) fission product gamma-rays and (3) neutrons. All data were normalized by the reaction rate of 58Ni(n,p) 58Co at the core center. In general, the absolute values and the shape of the absorbed dose distribution measured with the four TLDs agree with the calculated ones very well. However, the measured values in the reflector region with Sr2SiO4(Tb), Ba2SiO4(Tb) and CaSO4(Tm) are considerably larger than the calculated resultslts

20

Data base of reactor physics experimental results in Kyoto University critical assembly experimental facilities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto University critical assembly experimental facilities belong to the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, and are the versatile critical assembly constructed for experimentally studying reactor physics and reactor engineering. The facilities are those for common utilization by universities in whole Japan. During more than ten years since the initial criticality in 1974, various experiments on reactor physics and reactor engineering have been carried out using many experimental facilities such as two solidmoderated cores, a light water-moderated core and a neutron generator. The kinds of the experiment carried out were diverse, and to find out the required data from them is very troublesome, accordingly it has become necessary to make a data base which can be processed by a computer with the data accumulated during the past more than ten years. The outline of the data base, the data base CAEX using personal computers, the data base supported by a large computer and so on are reported. (Kako, I.)

 
 
 
 
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Vitiligo vulgaris and autoimmune diseases in Japan: A report from vitiligo clinic in Kyoto University Hospital  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We reviewed the causes of “loss of skin color” in 144 patients, who visited Vitiligo Clinic of Kyoto University Hospital between April 2005 and August 2008. The numbers of patients with generalized and segmental Vitiligo vulgaris were 98 (68.1%) and 26 (18.1%), respectively. Small numbers of the patients suffered from Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, piebaldism, congenital albinism, Hypomelanosis of Ito, post-inflammatory hypopigmentation, white leaf-shaped macules associated with tuberous s...

Tanioka, Miki; Yamamoto, Yosuke; Katoh, Mayumi; Takahashi, Kenzo; Miyachi, Yoshiki

2009-01-01

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Safety system and 10 years experience in the maintenance of Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) is a new type facility for joint use program among universities and research institutes. It consists of two solid-moderated cores and a water-moderated core. In order to keep safe operation of the critical assembly, safety system has been designed to meet the complex operating systems. The first critical experiment of KUCA was performed in August 1974. Since then, this safety system has served for the safety operation of KUCA. In the present report, the outline of this system and the maintenance are described. (author)

23

Experimental Study on Accelerator Driven Subcritical Reactor in the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (kuca)  

Science.gov (United States)

A series of basic experiments for an accelerator driven subcritical reactor (ADSR) has been performed at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) by combining a critical assembly with a Cockcroft-Walton type accelerator in view of a future plan to establish a new neutron source for research. By injecting 14 MeV neutrons into the subcritical assembly, the neutron multiplication and the prompt neutron decay constant were measured mainly by an optical fiber detector system as a function of subcriticality. Through the present study, it was strongly recognized that the present tools for the neutronics design calculation are not accurate enough to predict the nuclear parameters in the ADSR.

Shiroya, Seiji; Unesaki, Hironobu; Ichihara, Chihiro; Nakamura, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Keiji; Misawa, Tsuyoshi; Ikeda, Takuji; Nakano, Shinichi; Komeda, Masao; Miyoshi, Khoji

2003-06-01

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Interim report on construction of data base for atomic energy science documents (concerning Kyoto University Reactor)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute was established in 1963 as a research institute for all universities in Japan utilizing the facilities in common. The construction of a document data base has been undertaken in commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the institute. The data base concerns the research works performed at the institute and also the publications and reports on the research made by the personnel belonging to the institute. Input data are gathered from concerned researchers. In this interim report, the structure and contents of this data base are shortly described. One of the features of this data base is that it handles data with both Japanese and English at the same time. (Aoki, K.)

25

Earthquake and micro-tremor observation in the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report mainly provides the earthquake propagation characteristics in soil deposits derived from the observation of earthquakes in the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. The observation of earthquake has been carried out at several locations on the surface grounds, rock outcropping and in the reactor building from about three years ago. Up to the present, fifty four earthquakes were observed. The analysis of earthquake response in soil deposits was performed with the application of the one-dimensional wave propagation method (computer code, SHAKE). Besides, the observation of micro-tremors was carried out at the same points to find the relationship between the predominant period of earthquake motion and that of micro-tremors. Several results are summarized as follows. (author)

26

Biomedical irradiation system for boron neutron capture therapy at the Kyoto University reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Physics studies related to radiation source, spectroscopy, beam quality, dosimetry, and biomedical applications using the Kyoto University Reactor Heavy Water Facility are described. Also, described are a Nickel Mirror Neutron Guide Tube and a Super Mirror Neutron Guide Tube that are used both for the measurement of boron concentration in phantom and living tissue and for precise measurements of neutron flux in phantom in the presence of both light and heavy water. Discussed are: (1) spectrum measurements using the time of flight technique, (2) the elimination of gamma rays and fast neutrons from a thermal neutron irradiation field, (3) neutron collimation without producing secondary gamma rays, (4) precise neutron flux measurements, dose estimation, and the measurement of boron concentration in tumor and its periphery using guide tubes, (5) the dose estimation of boron-10 for the first melanoma patient, and (6) special-purpose biological irradiation equipment. Other related subjects are also described

27

Clinical experience of BNCT for brain and skin tumors at Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research nuclear reactor of Kyoto University (KUR), which was established in 1963, has the power of 5 MW and has rendered services to scientists in various fields including biology and medicine. The first clinical application was carried out on a brain tumor patient by Professor Hatanaka in 1974. Eight Japanese, 2 German and one American patients were treated. The ages of patients were 9-66 years and all were male. Skin tumors were irradiated at KUR to measure 10B content in the tissues by Nickel Mirror Neutron Guide Tube (NMNGT) attached to KUR, before BNCT. Except in a few cases, patients had recurrent tumours after previous treatment by chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgical treatments. The absorbed dose used in the previous radiotherapy before BNCT was a curative dose. The time intervals between previous radiotherapy and BNCT varied. The treated skin tumours included various grades of melanoma. Some cases appeared to be astrocytoma grade IV

28

Conceptional study of remodeling of the heavy water facility of the Kyoto University reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The heavy water facility of the Kyoto University reactor is required to be remodelled in order to improve the safety of the whole facility. The main objectives of the remodeling are: 1) easy maintenance, 2) no leakage of heavy water or light water for cooling of the heavy water tank, and 3) to enable medical irradiation during continuous operation of the reactor. Improvement of the performance as a thermal neutron irradiation field is also intended. The outline of the present heavy water thermal neutron facility is described, and conceptional study of the remodeling is presented. A shutter system enabling the use during continuous operation is mentioned. The method and procedure of the remodeling is examined and outlined. (T.H.)

29

Development of a mono-energetic positron beam line at the Kyoto University Research Reactor  

Science.gov (United States)

Positron beam facilities are widely used for solid state physics and material science studies. A positron beam facility has been constructed at the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR) in order to expand its application range. The KUR is a light-water-moderated tank-type reactor operated at a rated thermal power of 5 MW. A positron beam has been transported successfully from the reactor to the irradiation chamber. The total moderated positron rate was greater than 1.4 × 106/s while the reactor operated at a reduced power of 1 MW. Special attention was paid for the design of the in-pile position source to prevent possible damage of the reactor in case of severe earthquakes.

Sato, K.; Xu, Q.; Yoshiie, T.; Sano, T.; Kawabe, H.; Nagai, Y.; Nagumo, K.; Inoue, K.; Toyama, T.; Oshima, N.; Kinomura, A.; Shirai, Y.

2015-01-01

30

Summary reports of activities under visiting research program in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, 1988  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Technical Report of Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, is published on occasion summarizing in the form of prompt report the results of the functional test on various experimental facilities, the test results of the articles made for trial, the circumstance of radiation control and waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the remarkable results obtained amid research, new method, the discussion on other papers and reports and others. In this report, 40 summaries of the Visiting Research Projects utilizing the KUR and 13 summaries of those utilizing the KUCA in 1988, and 2 unreported summaries before 1988 are collected. In each summary, the number of adoption, title, the names of reporters and the gist of report are given. (K.I.)

31

Construction of 100 MeV electron linac in Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An electron linear accelerator and a compact storage ring have been constructed at Kyoto University. The beam energy of the storage ring is 300 MeV and will be utilized as a synchrotron radiation source. The output beam energy of the linac is 100 MeV and the designed beam current is 100 mA at the pulse width of 1 ?sec. The construction of the linac had been finished and the test is under going. The electron beam of 300 mA is extracted from the electron gun and the peak RF power of 20 MW is successfully fed to the accelerating structures at the pulse width of 2 ?sec. (author)

32

Characteristics of the Kyoto University Lead Slowing-down Spectrometer (KULS) coupled to an electron linac  

Science.gov (United States)

A lead slowing-down spectrometer coupled to a 46 MeV electron linear accelerator (linac) was installed at Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University (KURRI). The size of this Kyoto University Lead Slowing-down Spectrometer (KULS) is 1.5 × 1.5 × 1.5 m 3, and it is covered with Cd sheets 0.5 mm thick. One of the eleven experimental holes in the KULS is covered with 10 to 15 cm thick bismuth layers to suppress high energy capture gamma-rays from lead. The characteristics of this KULS have been experimentally obtained and the results are compared with the predicted values by Monte Carlo calculations using the MCNP code. 1) The slowing-down constant K in the relation E = {K}/{t 2} between the neutron slowing-down time t and energy E is 190±2 (keV ?s 2) for the bismuth hole and 156±2 (keV ?s 2) for an ordinary lead hole, respectively. The K values agree with the calculated ones. 2) The measured energy resolution {?E}/{E} at full-width-at-half-maximum (FWHM) was about 40% for both holes, while the calculated values were lower by about 10% than the measured ones in the relevant energy region. 3) The neutron energy spectrum from 0.01 eV to 20 MeV and the spatial distribution of neutrons in the KULS were measured by the foil activation method. The angular neutron spectrum perpendicular to the linac electron beam was also obtained experimentally in the energy range from a few eV to about 10 MeV by the neutron time-of-flight (TOF) method. The measured results are compared with the calculated ones in which we have used the three evaluated nuclear data JENDL-3, ENDL-85 and ENDF/B-IV for lead. Through the comparison a check on the nuclear data has been performed.

Kobayashi, Katsuhei; Yamamoto, Shuji; Yamanaka, Akihiro; Nakagome, Yoshihiro; Fujita, Yoshiaki; Kanazawa, Satoshi; Kimura, Itsuro

1997-02-01

33

Progress review of accelerator-driven system at Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is going ahead with a research project on the accelerator-driven system (ADS) using the fixed field alternating gradient (FFAG) accelerator. The goal of the research project is to demonstrate the basic feasibility of ADS as an energy amplifier system using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) coupled with the FFAG accelerator. A series of basic ADS experiments on nuclear reactor physics has been carried out using a solid-moderated and reflected core (A-core) with 14 MeV pulsed neutrons generated by deuterium-tritium reactions. Static and kinetic experiments have been conducted for examination of the neutronic characteristics in the subcritical systems: reaction rate distribution and neutron spectrum using the foil activation method; subcriticality using several methods; neutron decay constant and neutron multiplication using the optical fibre detection systems. In the new ADS experiments using the FFAG accelerator (protons: 100 MeV energy; 5 pA intensity), the high-energy neutrons generated at a tungsten target were successfully injected into the KUCA A-core in March 2009. In March 2010, thorium-loaded ADS experiments (100 MeV energy; 30 pA intensity) were carried out to conduct a feasibility study on neutron multiplication by thorium fission reactions generated by the high-energy neutrons. In the future, on the basis of the experiments conducted in the past at KUCA relating to the minor actinides (MA) of 2ting to the minor actinides (MA) of 237Np and 241Am, ADS experiments with 150 MeV protons are planned to be carried out to investigate the MA characteristics through their reaction rate analyses, and to examine the feasibility of ADS with MA in high-energy neutron spectrum combined with several fuels (highly-enriched uranium, natural uranium and thorium) and reflectors (polyethylene, aluminium, graphite and beryllium). (authors)

34

Transmutation research and fuel cycle (report on discussion at Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A symposium was held on a topic of 'Transmutation Research' on Dec. 21 and 22, 1999 at Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University. This meeting was held as a joint-meeting of KUR's specialist meeting and Tokyo University's activity supported by the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research of Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture of Japan. This paper describes the overview of the discussions of this joint-meeting, and interprets their significance. Major themes discussed are, needed discussions on the transmutation research, policy and concepts of the organizations doing transmutation researches, a view from university side, transmutation researches in the oversea countries, opinions from various standpoints of the nuclear fuel cycle, conclusive discussions. 'the meanings of the transmutation research should be discussed together with the geological disposal and fast reactor system', 'transmutation may be a cooperative option for the disposal, thus, they should not be in a independent relation', and Balance evaluation will be needed' are the examples of the conclusive remarks of this meeting. (author)

35

Research on reactor physics using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) was constructed for the purpose of carrying out the basic research on the nuclear characteristics of reactors, the research for development, and education and training, and it is the research facilities used by the universities in whole Japan in common. As the initial concrete objective of use, the basic research on high neutron flux reactors, the basic research on intermediate neutron reactors, the basic research on tritium breeder reactors, the research as the extension of subcritical experiment, the education and training of the students majoring in atomic energy and so on were listed. This experimental facilities are the type with plural racks, which are rare in the world, and are composed of two solid moderator racks, on light water moderator rack and one additional accelerator. The initial criticality was attained in 1974. The critical assembly special research group has played extremely large role in the research on reactor physics. The research on reactor physics at KUCA, for example tritium breeder reactors and tight lattice reactors, the research on criticality safety and so on are reported. (K.I.)

36

Vitiligo vulgaris and autoimmune diseases in Japan: A report from vitiligo clinic in Kyoto University Hospital.  

Science.gov (United States)

We reviewed the causes of "loss of skin color" in 144 patients, who visited Vitiligo Clinic of Kyoto University Hospital between April 2005 and August 2008. The numbers of patients with generalized and segmental Vitiligo vulgaris were 98 (68.1%) and 26 (18.1%), respectively. Small numbers of the patients suffered from Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, piebaldism, congenital albinism, Hypomelanosis of Ito, post-inflammatory hypopigmentation, white leaf-shaped macules associated with tuberous sclerosis and nevus hypopigmentosus. One forth of the patients with generalized vitiligo had complications, while no complications were found in the patients with segmental vitiligo. Among the complications, autoimmune diseases dominated 43% (10 of 23 cases). Autoimmune thyroid diseases explained for the most of the complicated autoimmune diseases and were associated with 7.4% of the patients with generalized vitiligo. Minor autoimmune complications include myasthenia gravis, Sjogren syndrome and autoimmune nephritis. Reflecting the condition that our clinic is located in a university hospital, vitiligo patients with end-stage non-melanoma cancers of internal organs accounted for 8.4% of the patients of generalized vitiligo. PMID:20046588

Tanioka, Miki; Yamamoto, Yosuke; Katoh, Mayumi; Takahashi, Kenzo; Miyachi, Yoshiki

2009-01-01

37

Early period of particle accelerator development and nuclear physics experiments at Taihoku Imperial University and Kyoto University (1/2)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 1926 Dr. Arakatsu was appointed Professor to Taipei Imperial University in Taiwan which was under the government by Japan in that time, and stared the construction of an electrostatic accelerator in 1930 for nuclear transmutations. He measured the detailed branching ratio of deuteron-lithium reaction following the investigation by Lawrence and Rutherford. In 1936 he was transferred to the physics laboratory of Kyoto University, and constructed a 600kV accelerator of Cockcroft-Walton type. His team studied photo-nuclear reactions using gamma rays produced by the proton-lithium reaction. In 1942 he started on the construction of a cyclotron, which was taken away by US army after the war. He participated in the investigation of the atomic bomb to Hiroshima. (K.Y.)

38

Research on the reactor physics using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto University Critical Assembly [KUCA] is a multi-core type critical assembly established in 1974, as a facility for the joint use study by researchers of all universities in Japan. Thereafter, many reactor physics experiments have been carried out using three cores (A-, B-, and C-cores) in the KUCA. In the A- and B-cores, solid moderator such as polyethylene or graphite is used, whereas light-water is utilized as moderator in the C-core. The A-core has been employed mainly in connection with the Cockcroft-Walton type accelerator installed in the KUCA, to measure (1) the subcriticality by the pulsed neutron technique for the critical safety research and (2) the neutron spectrum by the time-of-flight technique. Recently, a basic study on the tight lattice core has also launched using the A-core. The B-core has been employed for the research on the thorium fuel cycle ever since. The C-core has been employed (1) for the basic studies on the nuclear characteristics of light-water moderated high-flux research reactors, including coupled-cores, and (2) for a research related to reducing enrichment of uranium fuel used in research reactors. The C-core is being utilized in the reactor laboratory course experiment for students of ten universities in Japan. The data base of the KUCA critical experiments is generated so far on the basis of approximately 350 experimental reports accumulated in the KUCA. Besides, the assessed KUCA code system has been established through analyses on the various KUCA experiments. In addition to the KUCA itself, both of them are provided for the joint use study by researchers of all universities in Japan. (author)

39

Summary report of activities under visiting research program in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, second half of 1989  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Technical Report is published on occasion by summarizing in the form of prompt report the data required at the time of research and experiment, such as the results of the functional test on various experimental facilities, the test results for the articles made for trial, the state of radiation control and waste treatment, the reports of study meetings and so on, or the remarkable results and new methods obtained in research, the discussion on other papers and reports and others in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University. In this report, the gists of 69 studies carried out by using the Research Reactor and 15 studies by using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly are collected. Adoption number, classification, title, the names of reporters and gist are given for each report. (K.I.)

40

Study on high frame-rate neutron radiography by using Kyoto University Research Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The feasibility of high frame-rate neutron radiography by using a steady thermal neutron beam with 1.2 x 106 n/(cm2s) generated from the Kyoto University Research Reactor was investigated and the application of this technique to fluid visualization was examined. The imaging system for the high frame-rate neutron radiography with the steady thermal neutron beam was constructed by combining a high sensitivity scintillator 6LiF/ZnS:Ag, a high-speed video which could take images with the light intensity of 1.5 lux at the recording speed of 1000 frames/s and an image booster whose gain was about 100. Visualization of air-water two-phase flows in a rectangular duct with 2.4 mm gap and 40 mm width were successfully performed with the steady thermal neutron beam and this imaging system at the recording speed of up to 500 frames/s. In view of the measurement error of neutrons, limit of the high frame-rate imaging was clarified. It was shown from this study that the high frame-rate neutron radiography by the steady neutron flux on the order of 106 n/(cm2s) has a good possibility. (author)

 
 
 
 
41

Water flow characteristics of Baumkuchen type fuel elements for Kyoto University high neutron flux reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto University high neutron flux reactor is a light water-moderated and cooled, divided core type reactor with heavy water reflector. In the core, six inside fuel elements and twelve outside fuel elements are arranged in double ring form, and two cylindrical, divided cores are placed at 15 cm distance. The flow rate distribution and pressure loss in the fuel elements constitute the base of the thermo-hydraulic design of the core, therefore the model fuel elements of full size were made, and the water flow experiment was carried out to examine their characteristics. It was found that the flow velocity in channels was strongly affected by the accuracy of channel gaps. The calculation of pressure loss in fuel elements, the experiments on inside fuel elements and outside fuel elements, and the results of experiments such as the calibration of the cooling channels in outside fuel elements, the relation between total flow rate and pressure loss, and the characteristics of flow at the time of reverse flow are reported. The general characteristics of flow in fuel elements were in good agreement with the prediction. In the pressure loss in fuel elements, the friction between fuel plates and the resistance of nozzles were the controlling factors under the rated operating conditions of the HFR. (Kako, I.)

42

Preliminary analysis on nonuniformly-loaded cores of the Kyoto University Critical Assembly, KUCA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Special safety measures are required in reprocessing facilities, where various physical and chemical forms of fissionable materials are involved in various processes. In particular, special care should be given to the systems handling solutions. In these solution-handling systems, inhomogeneous conditions are very likely to occur due to concentration gredients cause by gravity and local accumulation of solvents and fuel substances. A plan has been worked out for study on the inhomogeneity in these systems by using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). The present report describes a preliminary analysis of nonuniformly-loaded cores by Monte Carlo Calculation. Calculations are made to determine: (1) effect of the ratio II-U-235 on the infinite multiplication factor of a homogeneous model consisting of basic elements (fuel plate + polyethylene plate) as unit cells and (2) effective multiplication factor of a model consisting of inhomogeneous fuel units and polyethyle reflectors. Results show that some inhomogeneous models can give a larger effective multiplication factor than that for the homogeneous model. (Nogami, K.)

43

KYOTO project  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

El proyecto Kyoto construye un sistema de información independiente del lenguaje para un dominio específico (medio ambiente, ecología y diversidad) basado en una ontología independiente del lenguaje que estará enlazada a Wordnets en siete idiomas.

Agirre Bengoa, Eneko; Casillas Rubio, Arantza; Di?az Ilarraza Sa?nchez, Arantza; Estarrona Ibarloza, Ainara; Ferna?ndez Terrones, Enrique; Gojenola Galletebeitia, Koldobika; Laparra Marti?n, Egoitz; Rigau Claramunt, German; Soroa Etxabe, Aitor

2009-01-01

44

Report of research by common utilization in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, in first half of fiscal 1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the technical report, the data required for research and experiment, such as the result of functional test of various experimental facilities, the test results of the products manufactured for trial, the state of radiation control and waste treatment, and the reports of study meetings, or the remarkable results and new methods obtained in research, and the discussion on other papers and reports in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, are summarized as prompt report. The subject, reporters and synopsis of 54 papers are reported in this publication. (Kako, I.)

45

Report of research by common utilization in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, in latter half of fiscal 1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the technical report, the data required for research and experiment, such as the result of functional test of various experimental facilities, the test results of the products manufactured for trial, the state of radiation control and waste treatment, and the reports of study meetings, or the remarkable results and new methods obtained in research and the discussion on other papers and reports in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, are summarized as prompt report. The subject, reporters and synopsis of 69 papers are reported in this publication. (Kako, I.)

46

Safety Re-evaluation of Kyoto University Research Reactor by reflecting the Accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR) is a light-water moderated tank-type reactor operated at rated thermal power of 5MW. After the accident of Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, we have settled a 40-ton water tank near the reactor room, and prepared a mobile fire pump and a mobile power generator as additional safety measures for beyond design basis accidents (BDBAs). We also have conducted the safety re-evaluation of KUR, and confirmed that the integrity of KUR fuels could be kept against the BDBA with the use of the additional safety measures when the several restrictions were imposed on the reactor operation.

Nakajima, K.; Yamamoto, T. [Kyoto Univ., Kyoto (Japan)

2013-07-01

47

Report of researches by common utilization of facilities in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, latter half of fiscal year 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The technical report of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is published any time to immediately report on the results of the functional tests of various experimental facilities, the test results for the products made for trial, radiation control, the situation of waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the conspicuous results obtained amid researches, new processes, and the discussion on other papers and reports. In this report, the title, the names of reporters and the summary of 61 researches carried out by the common utilization of the facilities in the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute are collected. The themes of the researches are such as radioactivation analysis of trace elements in rocks and minerals, anodic oxidation films of GaAs and structure, measurement of yield of uranium isotopes produced by reactor neutron irradiation of thorium, geochemical study of trace elements in hydrosphere by radio-activation analysis, various diseases and variation of elements in rat furs, Moessbauer spectroscopic study of gold compounds with singular coupling by Au-197, measurement of grass-eating quantity and rate of digestion of cows using Au and Eu, sickness biochemical study of trace elements in hair samples of patients and others. (Kako, I.)

48

Report of researches by common utilization of facilities in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, first half of fiscal year 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The technical report of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is published any time to immediately report on the results of the functional tests of various experimental facilities, the test results for the products made for trial, radiation control, the situation of waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the conspicuous results obtained amid researches, new processes, and the discussion on other papers and reports. In this report, the title, the names of reporters and the summary of 57 researches carried out by the common utilization of the facilities in the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute are collected. The themes of the researches are such as neutron radiography using a research reactor, measurement of Zr/Hf ratio in zirconium, interstitial germanium atoms in thermal neutron irradiation study, measurement of induced radioactivity due to neutrons in Nagasaki and Hiroshima atomic bombings, properties of semiconductor electrons in radiation study, induction of mutation in crops by neutron irradiation and utilization for breeding, thermal fluorescence mechanism of alkali halide and MgO single crystals, atomic configuration in PZT rhombohedron phase, modulated structure of Cu-Co alloys, excitation of nuclei by positron annihilation and others. (Kako, I.)

49

Report of researches by common utilization of facilities in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, latter half of fiscal year 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The technical report of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is published any time to immediately report on the results of the functional tests of various experimental facilities, the test results for the products made for trial, radiation control, the situation of waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the conspicuous results obtained amid researches, new processes, and the discussion on other papers and reports. In this report, the title, the names of reporters and the summary of 65 researches carried out by the common utilization of the facilities in the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute are collected. The themes of the researches are such as Moessbauer spectroscopic study of ferrocene and its derivative iodides by I-129, decomposition of cadmium telluride during heat treatment, element distribution in resource living things and environmental substances produced in northern ocean, radioactivation analysis of trace elements in blood of tumor-bearing animals, radioactivation analysis of noble metal elements in geochemical samples, relaxation phenomena by gamma-gamma perturbation angle correlation, separation of components in Allende meteorite and their radioactivation analysis, measurement of cross section of Pa-231 (n, gamma) reaction and others. (Kako, I.)

50

Beta Cell Workshop 2013 Kyoto  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The very modern Kyoto International Conference Center provided the site for the 8th workshop on Beta cells on April 23-26, 2013. The preceding workshops were held in Boston, USA (1991); Kyoto, Japan (1994); Helsingør, Denmark (1997); Helsinki, Finland (2003); El Perello, Spain (2006); Peebles, Scotland (2009); and Helsingør, Denmark (2011). The Kyoto meeting drew more than 200 attendees from 18 different countries. There were 47 main oral presentations, and approximately 75 posters covered virtually all aspects of the pancreas function, development and genetics of disease. Here we will review some of the newest highlights.

Heller, R Scott; Madsen, Ole D

2013-01-01

51

Criticality analysis of highly enriched uranium fueled, polyethylene-moderated/reflected thermal spectrum cores of Kyoto University critical assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper provides the results of criticality analysis of highly enriched uranium fueled, polyethylene-moderated/reflected thermal spectrum cores performed at the solid moderated cores of Kyoto University Critical Assembly. Results of critical experiments with wide variety of neutron spectra as well as different effective uranium enrichment have been used in the analysis. Criticality analyses have been performed by MVP code using libraries based on JENDL-3.2 and JENDL-3.3. The C/E values for criticality (k-effective) have been significantly improved by use of JENDL-3.3. It was observed that the C/E values based on JENDL-3.3 still show some notable trends such as the C/E values for highly enriched systems are larger than those for systems with lower effective enrichment, and the C/E values tend to increase with H/235U ratio. (author)

52

The remodelling outline of the neutron irradiation facility of the Kyoto University research reactor mainly for neutron capture therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Heavy Water Thermal Neutron Facility of the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR, full power: 5 MW) was wholly updated in March 1996 mainly for neutron capture therapy (NCT). The performance as a neutron irradiation facility was improved using the epithermal neutron moderator of the aluminum-heavy water mixture (AI/D20=80/20 in volume percent), the neutron energy spectrum shifter of heavy water whose thickness changed from 0 cm to 60 cm, and the thermal neutron filters of 1 mm-thick cadmium and 6.4 mm-thick boral plates. The clinical irradiation utilisation under the full-power continuous KUR operation was realised employing both the Radiation Shielding System, and the Remote Carrying System for a patient. The safety and utility of the facility were improved due to the Safety Observation System. The KUR Advanced Irradiation System for NCT was organised. (author)

53

77 FR 60012 - University Transportation Centers Program  

Science.gov (United States)

...grant applications for national university transportation Centers, regional university transportation Centers, and Tier I university transportation Centers as set...for a critical transportation knowledge base outside of the...

2012-10-01

54

Present status of research reactor and accelerator driven subcritical reactor project in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute KURRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At the end of the last year, Kyoto University formally decided to continue the operation of a 5 MW research reactor KUR for a period of around 10 years in consideration of demands for the clinical irradiation and the activation analysis by taking advantage of the change in the acceptance policy of the United States for the U.S.-origin spent fuel of research reactors existed in other countries. After a period of few years which is necessary for the licensing procedure to convert KUR fuel from the High Enriched Uranium (HEU) to the Low Enriched one (LEU), the KUR will be operated again to promote the joint use program among Japanese universities. On the other hand, a project related to the development of an Accelerator Driven Subcritical Reactor (ADSR) is now in progress and the first experiment on ADSR in the world will be started in this fiscal year by combining an Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (FFAG) proton synchrotron and a critical assembly KUCA

55

Present status of research reactor and accelerator driven subcritical reactor project in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute KURRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

At the end of the last year, Kyoto University formally decided to continue the operation of a 5 MW research reactor KUR for a period of around 10 years in consideration of demands for the clinical irradiation and the activation analysis by taking advantage of the change in the acceptance policy of the United States for the U.S.-origin spent fuel of research reactors existed in other countries. After a period of few years which is necessary for the licensing procedure to convert KUR fuel from the High Enriched Uranium (HEU) to the Low Enriched one (LEU), the KUR will be operated again to promote the joint use program among Japanese universities. On the other hand, a project related to the development of an Accelerator Driven Subcritical Reactor (ADSR) is now in progress and the first experiment on ADSR in the world will be started in this fiscal year by combining an Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (FFAG) proton synchrotron and a critical assembly KUCA.

Shiroya, Seiji [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Osaka (Japan)

2005-07-01

56

Experimental analyses for accelerator driven subcritical reactor in Kyoto University critical assembly by using foil activation method  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) has a future plan to perform the accelerator driven subcritical reactor (ADSR) by using the Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (FFAG) accelerator of synchrotron-type for establishment of a new high-energy neutron source. The objective of this work is to examine neutronics characteristics for subcritical system in critical thermal reactor by using Monte Carlo calculation code MCNP and nuclear data library JENDL-3.3. As one of basic experiments of the ADSR with the FFAG accelerator, reaction rate distribution and neutron spectrum were measured by using foil activation method in a solid-moderated and -reflected core with pulsed neutron generator of the KUCA. In these KUCA experiments, collimator and streaming void were installed in core and reflector regions for leading the high-energy neutrons of 14 MeV, which were generated by D-T reactions in target located in outside of the core, as much as possible to the core region. Comparing with results of the experiments, those of both MCNP eigenvalues and point-source calculations were found to be in good agreement for obtaining sub-criticalities and reaction rate distributions, respectively. From the results in experiments and calculations, it was recognized that the installation of the collimator and the streaming void was experimentally valid for the ADSR of the KUCA, and that Monte Carlo calculation MCNP with JENDL-3.3 was executed accurately in neutron design study for the ADSR of the KUCA. (authors)

Pyeon, C.H.; Misawa, T.; Unesaki, H.; Shiroya, S. [Kyoto Univ., Nuclear Engineering Science Div., Research Reactor Institute (Japan); Tagei, H.; Wada, K.; Iwasaki, T. [Tohoku Univ., Dept. of Quantum Science and Energy Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering (Japan)

2005-07-01

57

Summary reports of activities under visiting research program in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, first half of 1989  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This book contains 56 brief reports of studies carried out at the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. These reports deal with 'Neutron Transmutation Doping on Compound Semiconductor', 'Study on the Influence of the Neutron Irradiation on the Low Temperature Strength of Various Welded Joint of Dissimilar Materials', 'Low Temperature Irradiation Effect on Iron-Alloys and Ceramics', 'Luminescent Phenomena from Some Kinds of Rock and Mineral Slices Accompanied with Gamma-irradiation', 'Study of Irradiation Effects on Simulated Waste Glass Irradiated Using 10B(n,?)7Li Reaction', 'Neutron Spectrometry with CR-39 Track Detector', 'Performance Study on Superconducting Magnet Materials in Thermonuclear Fusion Conditions', 'Fast Neutron Radiography with KUR-Linac', 'Study of Photo-Excited Metastable State and Their Relaxation of Irradiation Defects in Silicon and Diamond by Using a SQUID Magnetometer', 'Moessbauer Study on Radiation Damage of Metals and Alloys', 'Radiation Damages in Super Ionic Conductors', 'Basic Study on 74As Production by (?,n) Reaction', etc. (N.K.)

58

Installation modification of nuclear reactor (adding high neutron flux research reactor) in Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The head of Japan Atomic Energy Commission submitted to the Prime Minister the report that the safety of the high neutron flux research reactor being installed in the Nuclear Experimental Laboratory of Kyoto University can be secured sufficiently, on September 29, 1978, annexing the evaluating report that had been deliberated by the Nuclear Reactor Safety Evaluation Committee. This high neutron flux research reactor will be constructed newly for the sake of science research, education and medical irradiation in addition to the KUCA and KUR which had been already constructed and operated. The core of this reactor is light water-moderated and cooled and heavy water-reflected type with thermal output of 30,000 kW. As the special feature in this reactor, the core has two separate regions where a double annular fuel subassembly is contained in each reactor vessel of 400 mm in diameter. These two reactor vessels are set in one spherical heavy water tank of about 2.7 m in diameter, and the thermal neutron flux of about 1015 n/cm2.s is obtained in the gap between the two reactor vessels. The maximum excess reactivity is 8% ?k/k, and the outlet temperature of primary cooling water is lower than 65 deg C in the reactor vessel. The fuel is plate type made of uranium aluminum alloy with about 93% enriched uranium. The key equipment specifications in this reactor are enumerated. Concerning the safety evaluation report, the philosophy and the procedure of the, the philosophy and the procedure of the evaluation are described at first, then the concrete evaluated items, for example, the conditions of location including the site ground, earthquakes, weather condition and the social environment, the safety evaluation including the aseismatic design, the core design, the reactor proper, the cooling system, the instrumentation and control system, the waste disposal system, the radiation control system and the electric system, etc., are written. (Nakai, Y.)

59

Measurement of large negative reactivity of an accelerator-driven system in the Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Large negative reactivity of a subcritical system driven by a pulsed 14 MeV neutron source has been measured in the Kyoto University Critical Assembly. The subcriticality of the accelerator-driven system (ADS) ranged in effective multiplication factor roughly from 0.98 to 0.92, which corresponded to an operational range of an actual ADS proposed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency. As the measurement technique, pulsed neutron method, power spectral analysis for pulsed neutron source, accelerator-beam trip method were employed. From neutron count decay data obtained by the pulsed neutron experiment, not only the prompt-neutron decay constant of fundamental mode but also a higher spatial mode could be derived. The subcriticality was also determined from the fundamental decay constant. The measured cross-power spectral density consisted of a familiar correlated reactor-noise component and many uncorrelated delta-function-like peaks at the integral multiple of pulse repetition frequency. The fundamental prompt-neutron decay constant, i.e., the subcriticality determined from the latter uncorrelated peaks was consistent with that obtained by the above pulsed neutron experiment. However, the magnitude of the former correlated component was reduced with an increase in the subcriticality and eventually this component became almost white at deeply subcritical state ranging in the multiplication factor under 0.95. Consequently, the determination of the decay constant from the correlated component was impossible under such a subcritical state. As data analysis method for the beam trip experiment, both the conventional integral count method and the least-squares inverse kinetics method (LSIKM) were employed. The LSIKM analysis led to the consistent subcriticality with that obtained by the pulsed neutron experiment, while the integral count method significantly underestimated the subcriticality. This underestimation originated from a residual background count, which was maintained after the beam trip. The LSIKM was mostly not influenced by such a slight count rate. (author)

60

A report of the research works in joint use of Kyoto University's Research Reactor Institute for the period of October 1977 to March 1978  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the report of the results of each investigation performed in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, during the second half of fiscal year 1977. It includes 61 reports. It is briefly divided into 5 reports on radiation proper, 11 reports on biology and medicine and 45 reports on physics, chemistry and mineralogy. In the last 45 reports, 6 reports on material, 10 reports on activation analysis and 1 report on dating are included. Since each report is limited to the abstract of 1 page using the same format, details of the contents are not known. However, general trends of Investigations may be known. (Wakatsuki, Y.)

 
 
 
 
61

The survey on the supporting ground on the construction site of High Flux Reactor Building in Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As part of the seismic design of the High Flux Reactor building which is planned to be constructed by Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, the stability of the supporting ground has been analyzed. This report concerns the ground survey which has been carried out to obtain the basic data on the supporting ground. The outline of the ground around the construction site of High Flux Reactor has been already made clear by the last survey. Therefore, the purpose of this ground survey is mainly to make clear the mechanical properties of the soil. The survey has been carried out concerning the supporting ground and several layers deeper than that. The main items obtained are as follows. (1) modulus of deformation (2) breaking strength and creep strength (3) coefficient of permeability (4) ground water level. (author)

62

Analysis of integral experiment on erbia-loaded thermal spectrum cores using Kyoto University critical assembly by MCNP code with various cross section libraries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Under the project on high burnup nuclear fuel development using erbium as a burnable poison, a series of experiments were performed at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly. The experimental results have formed the basis for this study which aims to analyze the suitability of various evaluated nuclear data libraries for using them in neutronic calculations under the project. The MCNP code was used for the analysis. Calculation model geometry was fully detailed, and ENDF, JENDL, JEFF, and TENDL libraries were used during calculation. For the cross sections of erbium nuclides, the analysis revealed that calculated results upon all the libraries corresponded with experimental data within the errors. However, in some libraries, significant differences were found in case of carbon and uranium nuclides under certain conditions. (author)

63

University of Cincinnati Medical Center: integrating information.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The University of Cincinnati Medical Center has combined five existing units into a new organization responsible for initiating an Integrated Academic Information Management System (IAIMS). This new organization, Medical Center Information and Communications, was reorganized into nine departments, which now provide a variety of information services. Ultimate goals for IAIMS include a patient-centered database, a decision-support system, and a knowledge network. The IAIMS prototype, currently ...

Lorenzi, N. M.; Marks, E. B.

1988-01-01

64

Kyotos helte og skurke  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

USA blev på Kyoto-konferencen i december kritiseret af energi- og miljøminister Svend Auken for at ville tjene på et globalt CO2-marked. Men håndhæves dette effektivt af FN, kommer det alle til gode. Et globalt CO2-marked kan blive et banebrydende styringsmiddel, som kan løse globale miljøproblemer i fremtiden. Udgivelsesdato: 7. januar

Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

1998-01-01

65

Surveying studies on the geology and ground around the construction site of high flux reactor in Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the construction of a reactor container and its enclosure building, it is important to investigate the geology and ground of the destination site. This report is concerned to the outline of the site survey which has been conducted under the plan of the construction of High Flux Reactor in Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. The survey was carried out about drawing up the stratgraphical map based on the sounding of boring at 10 positions near the destination site, the estimation of the ground supporting force, the dip of the ground and the stability of stratgraphy. The main results are as follows. (1) the stratgraphy near the destination site is inclined by a few degrees of an angle to the north-west direction, and consists of the layered soils of sand and clay which are a few meter depth, (2) the ground under the basis of the container is firm as the N-values are greater than 50, though it is loose near the surface soil, (3) the supporting force of the ground under the basis was estimated as about 400 t/m2, (4) the dip of the ground is small enough to disregard for the design load of 20 t/m2, and the disparity dip can not be foreseen as the depth of clayey layer is nearly uniform, (5) the sliding of the ground along the stratgraphy is not expected as the inner rubbing angle of soil is greater than the gradient of the stratgraphy. (auth.)

66

Preliminary study on the thorium-loaded accelerator-driven system with 100 MeV protons at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? Spallation neutrons generated by high-energy protons are injected into the thorium-loaded systems. ? The ADS experiments are carried out using the spallation neutrons generated by 100 MeV protons at an intensity of 30 pA. ? Prompt neutron behavior and thorium fission reactions are attained through the experiments and calculations, respectively. ? Additional experiments need to be improved to attain further neutron multiplication using the variation of fuels and moderators. - Abstract: At the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA), spallation neutrons generated by high-energy proton beams are injected into the thorium-loaded systems on March 2010. By combining the Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (FFAG) accelerator with the thorium-loaded system at KUCA, a series of the ADS experiments is carried out under conditions whereby the spallation neutrons are generated at a tungsten target by 100 MeV protons at an intensity of 30 pA. Prompt neutron behavior in the time evolution is observed and thorium fission reactions are attained through the experiments and calculations, respectively. And the effects of neutron leakage and spectrum softening are experimentally observed through the neutron multiplication and reaction rate analyses. From the experimental and numerical analyses, in the future, experimental conditions need to be improved to attain further neutron multiplication using the variation of fuels (thorium, highly-enriched and natural uranium)ghly-enriched and natural uranium) and moderators (graphite, polyethylene, aluminum and beryllium).

67

University of Vermont Center for Biomedical Imaging  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This grant was awarded in support of Phase 2 of the University of Vermont Center for Biomedical Imaging. Phase 2 outlined several specific aims including: The development of expertise in MRI and fMRI imaging and their applications The acquisition of peer reviewed extramural funding in support of the Center The development of a Core Imaging Advisory Board, fee structure and protocol review and approval process.

Bernstein, Dr. Ira [University of Vermont and State Agricultural College

2013-08-02

68

Boston University: Center for Polymer Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

Boston University promotes the Center for Polymer Studies' involvement in the research of polymer, random, and fractal systems and the development of experimental and computational materials for high school and undergraduate education. Users can find concise descriptions, colorful images, and abstracts of publications for the Center's many research projects including Physics of Disordered Media and Econophysics. Along with explanations of science education projects, educators and students can find software tools to help individuals "visualize atomic motion, manipulate atomic interactions, and quantitatively investigate the resulting macroscopic properties of biological, chemical, and physical systems." Because of the Center's bringing together of research and education, this website will be especially beneficial to educators.

69

Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center is a leading academic cancer research center in the United States. It is located in Indianapolis on the IU School of Medicine campus.Established in 1992 as the Indiana University (IU) Cancer Center, the IU center became an NCI-designated cancer center in 1999. The center was renamed the Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center in 2006.

70

University of Montana: Avian Science Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Montana's Avian Science Center promotes ecological awareness and informed decision making through the collection, synthesis, and dissemination of science-based information on birds of the western United States. The center's website features information on its research programs (coordinated monitoring, habitat restoration, avian fire research, and others), including downloadable versions of publications. There are also discussions on syntheses of research and knowledge about avian habitat relationships and fire effects on ecosystems in the Northern Rocky Mountains. The center's education page features information on professional development opportunities for teachers and a fire ecology program for students, as well as college-level courses at the university, information on graduate students, workshops and field trips, and links to online resources for teachers and students. Other materials include resources for birdwatchers, including checklists of Montana birds, and discussions of conservation issues and initiatives.

71

The study on the stability of the supporting ground on the construction site of High Flux Reactor building in Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report provides the results of the study on the stability of the supporting gwound which has been carried out as a part of the seismic design of the High Flux Reactor building which is planned to be constructed by Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute. In this work the finite element method is used. The stresses and displacements of the ground are calculated under the following conditions; (1) Stress-strain relationships for the individual elements are linear. (2) The problem is analyzed on two-dimensional plane strain distributions. (3) No-tension analysis is applied to the calculation for earthquake load. (4) The mechanical properties of the ground are obtained from the soil survey which has been performed at the construction site of High Flux Reactor building. The results are summarized as follows; (1) The settlement of the building is estimated to be about 2 -- 5 cm for long-time loading, including the result from elastic theory, while the relative settlement is about 0.3 cm at both ends of the building. (2) Safety factor is larger than 1.4 for long-time loading. (3) Maximum angle of the deformation of the building due to the earthquake load is estimated to be about 9.2 x 10-3 degree (1.6 x 10-4 rad). (4) Safety factor is larger than 1.2 -- 1.3 for earthquake load. Judging from these results described above, the ground at the construction site of the High Flux Reactor is appropriate for the supporting ground of the reactor building, and the mat foundation can be adopted for the foundation form. (author)

72

Present status of reactor physics in the United States and Japan-IV. 6. Accelerator-Driven Subcritical Reactors in Japanese Universities: Experimental Study Using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A series of basic experiments for an accelerator-driven subcritical reactor (ADSR) was officially launched in financial year 2000 at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) as a joint-use program among Japanese universities. These experiments are closely related to the future plan of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute. A final goal of this plan is to establish a next-generation neutron source as a substitute for the 5-MW Kyoto University Reactor and based on the ADSR concept to promote joint research among Japanese universities. An attractive point of the ADSR system is that either pulsed or steady neutrons can be provided depending on the accelerator's operation mode. In this series of experiments, a solid moderator core among the KUCA's three cores (A, B, and C) is combined with a Cockcroft-Walton-type pulsed neutron generator installed in the KUCA. A polyethylene moderated and reflected core loaded with 93% enriched uranium-aluminum (U-Al) alloy fuel is assembled at the A-core position. The fuel rod consists of polyethylene and U-Al plates 5.08 x 5.08 cm (2 x 2 in.) square with upper and lower polyethylene reflectors of >50 cm, respectively. The active height of the core is ?35 cm. The neutron spectrum of the core can be varied by changing a combination of ?1.6-mm ((1/16-in.)-thick U-Al plates and ?3.2-mm (1/8-in.)-thick polyethylene plates in the fuel rod. The deuteron beam accelerated up to 200 keV is led to a tritium target to generate 1ed to a tritium target to generate 14-MeV pulsed neutrons. These pulsed neutrons are injected into the assembly maintained at the subcritical state as shown in Fig. 1. An optical-fiber detector system is utilized to measure the neutron flux distribution and the behavior of neutron decay. A mixture of 6Li-enriched LiF and ZnS(Ag) scintillator is pasted on one end of a 1-mm-diam optical fiber with the instant adhesive. A fiber detector of ThO2 in place of LiF is employed to monitor generated 14-MeV neutrons. By varying the subcriticality with adjusting the stroke of the control rod insertion or the number of fuel rods loaded in the core, experiments are carried out. The subcriticality was measured by the area ratio method of the pulsed neutron technique. The analyses of these experiments are executed with the MVP continuous Monte Carlo code based on the JENDL-3.2 library. So far, this has been a joint study of Prof. Yoshihiro Yamane's group at Nagoya University and Prof. Toshikazu Takeda's group at Osaka University. Through the analysis, it has become strongly recognized that the accuracy of the keff calculation is essential to examine the neutron multiplication in the ADSR system as well as that of the subcriticality measurement. The calculated neutron decay constant agreed well with the measured one, although the correction for the effect of delayed neutrons is necessary because of the current limitation in the MVP code on their treatment. (authors)

73

Harvard University: Center for Public Leadership  

Science.gov (United States)

Created in 2000 with funding from the Wexner Foundation, the Center for Public Leadership at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government is "dedicated to excellence in leadership education and research." The Center serves those persons in government, business, and nonprofits by providing access to a number of publications and research reports, along with various courses, seminars, and public events. Of course, those who cannot make it to Cambridge, Massachusetts will certainly appreciate this site, as access to a number of their publications is included on this site. Visitors will want to take a look at their in-house journal, Compass, which contains articles on leadership and leadership studies. For those with a scholarly penchant for leadership studies and allied research, the site also features a working papers archive that contains material all the way back to 2003.

74

Center for Social Media at American University  

Science.gov (United States)

The mission statement for the Center for Social Media states that it "showcases and analyzes strategies to use media as creative tools for public knowledge and action. It focuses on social documentaries for civil society and democracy, and on the public media environment that supports them. The Center is part of the School of Communication at American University." The website provides a wealth of resources in its library ranging from policy issues such as copyright and fair use, funding social media and policy issues. The site also includes to teaching materials on fair use as well as syllabi and tips submitted by professors in the broadcast field. Furthermore, the site includes online videos and related links for each of its many resources.

75

Centers and Institutes for the "Resource-Challenged" Catholic University  

Science.gov (United States)

Founded in 2001, the Center for Religion and Public Discourse at Saint Xavier University, Chicago, illustrates how centers and institutes can express Catholic identity and serve the university community and society by providing opportunities for thoughtful and civil discourse. Although the Center does not currently support basic research or fund…

Sanders, Susan M.; Clough, Joy

2011-01-01

76

Kyoto valed prioriteedid / Bjorn Lomborg  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Raamatu "Skeptiline keskkonnakaitsja" autor ütleb, et Kyoto protokolliga kulutab maailm 150 miljardit aastas, tehes vähe heategusid. ÜRO on seisukohal, et poolega sellest summast suudaksime hankida puhta joogivee, kanalisatsiooni, elementaarse tervishoiusüsteemi ja hariduse igale inimesele maailmas

Lomborg, Bjorn

2005-01-01

77

The University of Mississippi Geoinformatics Center (UMGC)  

Science.gov (United States)

The overarching goal of the University of Mississippi Geoinformatics Center (UMGC) is to promote application of geospatial information technologies through technology education, research support, and infrastructure development. During the initial two- year phase of operation the UMGC has successfully met those goals and is uniquely positioned to continue operation and further expand the UMGC into additional academic programs. At the end of the first funding cycle, the goals of the UMGC have been and are being met through research and educational activities in the original four participating programs; Biology, Computer and Information Science, Geology and Geological Engineering, and Sociology and Anthropology, with the School of Business joining the UMGC in early 2001. Each of these departments is supporting graduate students conducting research, has created combination teaching and research laboratories, and supported faculty during the summer months.

Easson, Gregory L.

2003-01-01

78

GAME ANALYSIS OF KYOTO AND POST-KYOTO SCHEMES  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Kyoto protocol, put in force in Feb. 2005, is criticized from both sides, those demanding a stricter target for GHG (green house gas) emission reduction on the one side, and those claiming for more flexible and comprehensive controls of the emission on the other side, for its modest target and narrow coverage. Even though its value could be that of a mere precedent and experimentation, Kyoto protocol includes very special experimentation to assist the world wide cooperation for a mitigation of climate change, i.e. the introduction of three mechanisms, emissions trading, joint implementation, and clean development mechanism (CDM). Together, they are called Kyoto mechanisms. Evaluation of mechanisms is one important role of microeconomics and the game theory is a major tool for it. We shall scrutinize these mechanisms from such viewpoint. A special attention is placed on CDM, as it is the novel mechanism introduced by Kyoto protocol, and gives a unique link between Annex I nations (mostly developed countries) and non-Annex I nations (mostly developing countries). Next, we examine some of the currently proposed schemes after 2013, the post Kyoto schemes. One of the chief issues is the possibility of making a comprehensive agreement including both the USA and large developing countries with rapidly increasing emission levels of GHG like China and India. Adding to these, not only the proposed schemes themselves, but the process of negotiation itself inspired several researches in cooperative game theory and in particular, coalition formation theory. We shall touch upon this issue separately, and examine how successfully they predicted the outcome leading to Kyoto, retrospectively. Finally, we end our discussion with a brief consideration over the underlining normative argument concerning these schemes.

Haruo Imai [Kyoto Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto (Japan)

2008-09-30

79

Center for Space Power and Advanced Electronics, Auburn University  

Science.gov (United States)

The union of Auburn University's Center for Space Power and Advanced Electronics and the Westinghouse Science and Technology Center to form a Center for the Commercial Development of Space (CCDS) is discussed. An area of focus for the CCDS will be the development of silicon carbide electronics technology, in terms of semiconductors and crystal growth. The discussion is presented in viewgraph form.

Deis, Dan W.; Hopkins, Richard H.

1991-01-01

80

Venemaa vehib Kyoto trumpässaga / Jüri Piirisild  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

1997. aastal vastuvõetud Kyoto protokoll, mis peaks panema piiri Maa atmosfääri saastamisele ja sellega otseselt seotud kliima soojenemisele, pole siiani vajalikku arvu ratifitseerimisallkirju saanud. Kui Venemaa lepingule alla kirjutab, saab vajalik arv allkirju kokku ning Kyoto lepingu täitmine muutub kohustuslikuks

Piirisild, Jüri

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Industry/University Cooperative Fellowship Supplement to the Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) Program Solicitation (NSF 01-116)  

Science.gov (United States)

... and Centers Industry/University Cooperative Research Center Program Industry/University ... Supplement to the Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) Program Solicitation (NSF ...

82

Memphis State University Center for Nuclear Studies progress report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This quarterly report outlines the progress made by the Center for Nuclear Studies at Memphis State University in the development of specialized educational programs for the nuclear industry through the month of February, 1976

83

University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston  

Science.gov (United States)

The primary project is to focus upon translation of imaging agents and devices developed at The Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) and translated in Phase I studies at The Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Administration Medical Center (MEDVAMC) as well as at Ben Taub General Hospital (BTGH).

84

Do University Centers Produce Comparable Teacher Education Candidates?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the effectiveness of a two-plus-two university center teacher education program. In this program, the entire curriculum is delivered on community college campuses; community college faculty members deliver the general education coursework, and university faculty members deliver coursework in the teacher education program…

Locklear, Christopher D.; Davis, Mary Lynne; Covington, Vivian Martin

2009-01-01

85

The Syracuse University Center for Training and Research in Hypersonics  

Science.gov (United States)

In Fall 1993, NASA Headquarters established Centers for Hypersonics at the University of Maryland, the University of Texas-Arlington, and Syracuse University. These centers are dedicated to research and education in hypersonic technologies and have the objective of educating the next generation of engineers in this critical field. At the Syracuse University Center for Hypersonics this goal is being realized by focusing resources to: Provide an environment in which promising undergraduate students can learn the fundamental engineering principles of hypersonics so that they may make a seamless transition to graduate study and research in this field; Provide graduate students with advanced training in hypersonics and an opportunity to interact with leading authorities in the field in both research and instructional capacities; and Perform fundamental research in areas that will impact hypersonic vehicle design and development.

LaGraff, John; Blankson, Isaiah (Technical Monitor); Robinson, Stephen K. (Technical Monitor); Walsh, Michael J. (Technical Monitor); Anderson, Griffin Y. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

86

Darling Marine Center of University of Maine  

Science.gov (United States)

Located in Walpole, Maine, the Center functions year round as a research and educational facility serving the marine interests of faculty, staff, students, and visiting investigators from around the world. Lab research interests range from microbial ecology, biogeochemistry and marine archaeology, to invertebrate taxonomy and ecology, deep-sea biology, and phytoplankton physiology. Undergraduate and K-12 opportunities are available both during the school year and summer. Species lists and downloadable data are also available.

87

Austraalia uus valitsus ühines Kyoto lepinguga  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Austraalia uus peaminister Kevin Rudd ratifitseeris kasvuhoonegaaside õhkupaiskamist piirava Kyoto lepingu. Austraalia senine valitsus on olnud seisukohal, et heitgaaside piiramine kahjustab riigi majandust

2007-01-01

88

University of Tokyo: Volcano Research Center (VRC)  

Science.gov (United States)

This website discusses the Volcano Research Center's (VRC) work to improve predictions of volcanic eruptions by conducting research on volcanic processes. Users can find out about Asama, Kirishima, Izu-Oshima, and other VRC volcano observatories. The website features information on many continuing and recent eruptions in Japan. Visitors can view many images of volcanic eruptions and disaster relief missions. Researchers can learn about the international cooperative drilling operation at the Unzen Volcano to understand the eruption mechanisms and magnetic activity. This site is also reviewed in the February 20, 2004 _NSDL Physical Sciences Report_.

89

Universe outline by the expansion center model according to Dirac  

Science.gov (United States)

The expansion center model (Lorenzi 2000a,b), as expressively referred to the Milky Way position within the framework of a spherical homogeneous and isotropic inner Universe radially decelerated towards the expansion center, allows to picture a local Universe outline according to Dirac's theory (1937), the so-called large numbers hypothesis (LNH), which is based on possible simple relations between cosmological and microphysical quantities. Among the most significant results are to cite: t0=1/(3 H_0) and G~ t-1 + ?dots .

Lorenzi, L.

90

Report of Heavy-Ion Medical Center in Gunma University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Proof-of-Principe of the world-standard type heavy-ion medical facility in Gunma University (Gunma University Heavy-ion Medical Center: GHMC) was started in April 2006. GHMC was built in March 2009 and operation was started in August 2009. The GHMC started cancer therapy from March 16, 2010. This report shows the current operation report of accelerator component of the GHMC. (author)

91

UAE University Students’ Awareness of Using the Writing Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Writing has always been regarded as playing a prominent role in learning a second language. UAE university writing center provides a key support service within the institution, and as such must find ways to evaluate the impact of the instruction they provide. However, many studies of tutorial effectiveness lack adequate analyses of tutorial services and of both student and tutor awareness and outcomes. The purpose of the study is to explore the effectiveness of the writing center and its proposed services to improve students’ academic writing skills. The study combined quantitative and qualitative strategies involving surveying 50 students followed by in-depth interview with the supervisor of the UAEU’s writing center. Some major findings are that the study indicated that some students who visit the writing center are not aware of how to use it effectively. The study shows that 76% of students stated that the role of the writing center is to edit their assignments. The study indicates that 32% of students who visited the writing center were encouraged by their instructors to visit the writing center. This study implies some strategies to raise the students’ awareness of the writing center purpose and services.

Ghadah Al Murshidi

2014-05-01

92

Utah State University Developmental Center for Handicapped Persons.  

Science.gov (United States)

The article cites projects and activities of the Utah State University Developmental Center, including the use of applied technology, in preschool, academic, and social curricula; the use of "expert systems" for special education consultation and decision making; a cost-effectiveness study; early intervention; and an interdisciplinary training…

Fifield, Marvin; Casto, Glendon

1986-01-01

93

Reaction rate analyses for an accelerator-driven system with 14 MeV neutrons in the Kyoto University critical assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neutron spectrum experiments on the Accelerator-Driven System (ADS) are conducted by combining a critical assembly of a solid-moderated and solid-reflected core with a Cockcroft-Walton-type accelerator. Neutrons (14 MeV) generated from the accelerator are injected into a subcritical system and the reaction rates are measured by the foil activation method to obtain neutronic spectrum data. The numerical calculations are executed by MCNP-4C3 with JENDL-3.3 and JENDL/D-99 libraries to evaluate the reaction rates of activation foils set in the core center and at the target. In the present study, the measured and calculated (JENDL/D-99) reaction rates in all the activation foils at the target reveal around a difference of 10% in C/E values, while a bigger discrepancy between the results of the experiments and the calculations is observed in the center of the core. On the other hand, a special mention is made of the fact that the reaction rate analyses for the neutron spectrum in the subcritical systems demonstrate apparently subcriticality dependence on the C/E values. Based on these results, further improvement is anticipated in the reaction rates obtained by both the experiments and the MCNP-4C3 calculations, as well as in the effects of subcriticality and the nuclear data on reaction rate evaluation. (author)

94

How to make progress post-Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document provides papers presented during the workshop on ''how to make progress post-Kyoto'', hold at the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) in Paris on march 19, 2003. The following topics were presented: reflections on Kyoto, guidance for the future, how to make progress post-kyoto, the lessons from the past; the Bonn voyage; US climate policy after Kyoto, elements of success; preparing for widening and deepening the kyoto protocol; capping emissions and costs; absolute versus intensity-based emissions caps; intensity targets in perspective; negotiating commitments for further emission reductions; exploring new tools; defining meaningful participation of developing countries in climate change mitigation; economic and environmental effectiveness of a technology-based climate regime; US participation in the linkage between research and development and climate cooperation; designing a technology strategy; ''greening'' economic development; some critical comments post-Kyoto; the foreign policy perspective of climate negotiations; Kyoto and the double spiral; burden-sharing rules for stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations and their equity implications. (A.L.B.)

NONE

2003-07-01

95

University of Alabama in Huntsville: Earth System Science Center (ESSC)  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Alabama in Huntsville created the Earth System Science Center (ESSC) "to encourage interdisciplinary study of the Earth as an integrated system across traditional boundaries." This website offers innumerable links to research projects associated with the Center. Users can learn about studies to understand the accumulation of ozone and other oxidants near the ground, the use of advanced radar in meteorological investigations, the employment of remote sensing to understand how aerosols and clouds affect climate and air quality, and much more. Researchers can find meteorological and modeling data sets, publications, and information on recent and upcoming events.

96

The Universe Observation Center: an educational center devoted to Astronomy in Catalonia  

Science.gov (United States)

The Universe Observation Center (in Catalan language, Centre d'Observació de l'Univers, COU) is located in close proximity to the Montsec Astronomical Observatory (Observatori Astronòmic del Montsec, OAM), in eastern Catalonia (Spain). Both centers comprise the Montsec Astronomical Park (Parc Astronòmic Montsec, PAM), managed by the Consorci del Montsec. Montsec Mountain remains the finest location for astronomical observation in Catalonia, as demonstrated by a site-testing campaign conducted by the Astronomy and Meteorology Department of the University of Barcelona. The COU consists of a Central Building (including a permanent exhibition and three classrooms possessing broadband Internet access), the Telescope Park (two astronomical domes equipped with medium-size telescopes, a coelostat for solar observation, and a portable telescope park), the Eye of Montsec (a digital planetarium and, at the same time, an extremely innovative platform for sky observation) and the Garden of the Universe (a tour of the land surrounding the COU, visiting several areas within it). The COU will offer to the Spanish academic community a host of fascinating and unique activities in the fields of astronomy and geology. The Center is open not only to students (from primary school through university), but also to amateur astronomers, people interested in science and the general public.

Fernández, D.

97

Summary of dose plan system for boron neutron capture therapy 'SERA' and it's application at Kyoto University Reactor (KUR)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It is difficult for epithermal neutron irradiation to measure doses of thermal and fast neutron at near the surface of body in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). Dose plan system for the BNCT, 'SERA' (Simulation Environment for Radiotherapy Applications) was developed by the groups of INEEL (Idaho National Engineering and Environment Laboratory) and MSU (Montana State University) in USA. The SERA system consists of seven modules in which contain image data of CT or MRI, three dimensional image data, two or three dimensional calculation, Monte Carlo simulation calculation, plan of irradiation conditions including boron concentration, one dimensional dose distribution and dose-volume histogram, and two dimensional dose distribution each. The BNCT using epithermal neutron irradiation and the SERA system was carried out to eight patients of tumor, six persons of oral tumor and two persons of brain tumor, in the KUR during Dec. 2001 - Oct. 2002. Thermal neutron flux, epithermal neutron flux and gamma ray doses are measured by phantom experiments. The calculated results of the SERA system give good agreement with the values obtained by the phantom experiments, within accuracy of 10%. (M. Suetake)

Sakurai, Y.; Ono, K.; Kobayashi, T. [Kyoto Univ., Kumatori, Osaka (Japan). Research Reactor Institute; Katoh, I. [Osaka Univ., Graduate School of Dentistry, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Miyatake, S. [Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Osaka (Japan); Ohmae, M. [Rinku General Medical Center, Izumisano Hospital, Sano, Osaka (Japan)

2003-01-01

98

Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center. Evolution of carbon therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cancer treatments with high energy carbon beams have been initiated at Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center, GHMC, in March of this year. Aiming the wide spread of the carbon therapy, the grand design of the facility and a variety of R and D studies were conducted by HIMAC group of National Institute of Radiological Sciences, NIRS, in collaboration with Gunma University. The design concepts of the facility include the high reliability, high efficiency, and low construction and operation cost. The success of the facility will open up new era of the carbon therapy. (author)

99

Implementation of the Boston University Space Physics Acquisition Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The tasks carried out during this grant achieved the goals as set forth in the initial proposal. The Boston University Space Physics Acquisition CEnter (BUSPACE) now provides World Wide Web access to data from a large suite of both space-based and ground-based instruments, archived from different missions, experiments, or campaigns in which researchers associated with the Center for Space Physics (CSP) at Boston University have been involved. These archival data sets are in digital form and are valuable for retrospective data analysis studies of magnetospheric as well as ionospheric, thermospheric, and mesospheric physics. We have leveraged our grass-roots effort with the NASA seed money to establish dedicated hardware (computer and hard disk augmentation) and student support to grow and maintain the system. This leveraging of effort now permits easy access by the space physics community to many underutilized, yet important data sets, one example being that of the SCATHA satellite.

Spence, Harlan E.

1998-01-01

100

The Leo Strauss Center: The University of Chicago  

Science.gov (United States)

Revered by some, criticized by others, Leo Strauss remains a very important and influential figure in a number of academic fields, including political philosophy, classics, and Jewish studies. For twenty years, Strauss was a faculty member at the University of Chicago, and the Leo Strauss Center at that institution was created in order "to promote the serious study of Leo Strauss's thought primarily through the preservation and publication of the unpublished written and audio record that he left behind." On the Center's site, visitors can make their way through sections titled "Strauss's Publications", "On Strauss's Thought", "Strauss Archives", and a biographical sketch. In the "Strauss's Publications" area visitors can read a detailed bibliography compiled by Heinrich Meier. The "Strauss Archives" section contains a finding aid to the Leo Strauss Papers held at the Special Collections Research Center in the University of Chicago Library. Moving on, the "Audio of a Meno Class" section contains an audio recording of Strauss's class on Plato's Meno from the spring of 1966. The site is rounded out by a search engine and information about the persons responsible for the administration of the Center.

 
 
 
 
101

Kyoto and the carbon content of trade  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A unilateral tax on CO2 emissions may drive up indirect carbon imports from non-committed countries, leading to carbon leakage. Using a gravity model of carbon trade, we analyze the effect of the Kyoto Protocol on the carbon content of bilateral trade. We construct a novel data set of CO2 emissions embodied in bilateral trade flows. Its panel structure allows dealing with endogenous selection of countries into the Protocol. We find strong statistical evidence for Kyoto commitments to af...

Aichele, Rahel; Felbermayr, Gabriel

2010-01-01

102

Kyoto and the Carbon Footprint of Nations  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A country?s carbon footprint refers to the CO2 emissions caused by domestic absorptionactivities. Trade in goods drives a wedge between the footprint and local emissions. Weprovide a panel database on carbon footprints and carbon net trade. Using a differencesin-differences IV estimation strategy, we evaluate the Kyoto Protocol?s effects on carbonfootprints and emissions. Instrumenting countries? Kyoto commitment by their participationin the International Criminal Court, we show...

Aichele, Rahel; Felbermayr, Gabriel

2011-01-01

103

76 FR 19996 - Cooperative Agreement With the University of Mississippi's National Center for Natural Products...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FDA-2011-N-0012] Cooperative Agreement With the University of Mississippi's National Center for...of a cooperative agreement with the University of Mississippi's National Center for...based on safety concerns, trends, and knowledge of botanicals being marketed in...

2011-04-11

104

University of Maryland component of the Center for Multiscale Plasma Dynamics: Final Technical Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Center for Multiscale Plasma Dynamics (CMPD) was a five-year Fusion Science Center. The University of Maryland (UMD) and UCLA were the host universities. This final technical report describes the physics results from the UMD CMPD.

Dorland, William [University of Maryland

2014-11-18

105

The Universe Observing Center a modern center to teach and communicate astronomy  

Science.gov (United States)

The Universe Observing Center is one of the parts of the Parc Astronòmic Montsec (PAM). PAM is an initiative of the Catalan government, through the Consorci del Montsec (Montsec Consortium), to take advantage of the capabilities and potential of the Montsec region to develop scientific research, training and outreach activities, particularly in the field of Astronomy. The choice of the Montsec mountains to install the PAM was motivated by the magnificent conditions for observing the sky at night; the sky above Montsec is the best (natural sky free of light pollution) in Catalonia for astronomical observations. The PAM has two main parts: the Observatori Astronòmic del Montsec (OAdM) and the Universe Observing Center (COU). The OAdM is a professional observatory with an 80-cm catadioptric telescope (Joan Oró Telescope). This telescope is a robotic telescope that can be controlled from anywhere in the world via the Internet. The COU is a large multipurpose center which is intended to become an educational benchmark for teaching and communicate astronomy and other sciences in Catalonia. The management of the COU has three main goals: 1) Teach primary and secondary school students in our Educational Training Camp. 2) Teach university students housing the practical astronomy lectures of the universities. 3) Communicate astronomy to the general public. The COU comprises special areas for these purposes: the Telescopes Park with more than 20 telescopes, a coelostat for solar observations and two dome containing full-automated telescopes. The most special equipment is ``The Eye of Montsec'', with its 12m dome containing a multimedia digital planetarium and a platform for direct observation of the sky and the environment. During 2009 we expect around 10000 visitors in Montsec area to enjoy science with Montsec dark skies and an special natural environment.

Ribas, Salvador J.

2011-06-01

106

University Reactor Conversion Lessons Learned Workshop for Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center Reactor  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objectives of this meeting were to capture the observations, insights, issues, concerns, and ideas of those involved in the Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center (TAMU NSC) TRIGA Reactor Conversion so that future efforts can be conducted with greater effectiveness, efficiency, and with fewer challenges. This workshop was held in conjunction with a similar workshop for the University of Florida Reactor Conversion. Some of the generic lessons from that workshop are included in this report for completeness.

Eric C. Woolstenhulme; Dana M. Meyer

2007-04-01

107

Cancer Research Institute, Loma Linda University Medical Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) DOE/EA-0975, evaluating the construction, equipping and operation of the Cancer Research Institute (CRI) at the Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC) on its campus in Loma Linda, California. Based on the analysis in the EA, the DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement is not required. This document describes alternatives, the affected environment and environmental consequences of the proposed action.

NONE

1994-08-01

108

Oklahoma State University proposed Advanced Technology Research Center. Environmental Assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) evaluating the construction and equipping of the proposed Advanced Technology Research Center (ATRC) at Oklahoma State University (OSU) in Stillwater, Oklahoma. Based on the analysis in the EA, the DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement is not required.

NONE

1995-06-01

109

Morphological observations in normal primary palate and cleft lip embryos in the Kyoto collection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Normal developmental events during human primary palate formation and alterations associated with cleft lip remain poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to analyze serially sectioned human embryos to identify morphological changes during normal palatal closure and alterations associated with failure of palatal formation. Normal and cleft embryos from the histological collection at the Congenital Anomaly Research Center at the University of Kyoto were studied and photographed for detailed evaluation. Seven serially sectioned cleft lip embryos of stages shortly after primary palate formation (Streeter-O'Rahilly stages 19, 20, and 22) with unilateral or bilateral clefts with varying degrees of clefting were studied. In the normal Kyoto embryos, initial nasal fin (epithelial seam) formation was observed between the medial nasal process and the lateral nasal and maxillary processes at stage 17. During stages 18 and 19, the nasal fin epithelium was replaced by an enlarging mesenchymal bridge, as the maxillary processes united with the medial nasal processes to form the primary palate. The most prominent features observed in the cleft embryos were a reduced thickness of mesenchymal bridging between the medial nasal and maxillary processes, with an excessive amount of epithelium at the junctions between these processes. With ingrowth of the maxillary processes, greater cell dispersion and apparent extracellular matrix accumulation were observed in the medial nasal region. During closure of the primary palate, terminal branches of the maxillary nerve crossed the mesenchymal bridge to the medial nasal region. The partial clefts had reduced maxillary ingrowth and smaller union areas with the medial nasal process. Detailed studies of experimental animal models are required to identify regional growth required for contact between the facial prominences, to clarify the mechanisms of mesenchymal ingrowth and epithelial displacement during palatal formation, and to identify local and/or general factors causing alterations that lead to primary palatal clefting. PMID:2353315

Diewert, V M; Shiota, K

1990-06-01

110

A Crucial Dipole Test of the Expansion Center Universe  

CERN Document Server

The expansion center Universe gives a dipole anisotropy to the Hubble law, at any Hubble depth D. After a long series of successful dipole tests on the nearby Universe, using historic data sets of about half a century, and that carried out on 53 SCP SNe Ia ranging around the average redshift =0.5 (ECM paper VI: SAIt2004 in Milan), here is a crucial multiple dipole test at z bins centred on the mean =1.0, or Hubble depth D=c/H0, and based on data from SCP Union compilation (SCPU: Kowalski et al. 2008) and SCP Union2 (SCPU2: Amanullah et al. 2010), including those obtained within "The new wedge-shaped Hubble diagram of 398 SCP supernovae..." (ECM paper IX: SAIt2010 in Naples). Table 5abc lists data of two main samples, with 48 SCPU SNe Ia and 58 SCPU2 SNe Ia respectively. The confirmed dipole anisotropy, shown by 6 primary sample tests and by another 27 from 9 encapsulated z bins with D=DL/(1+z), gives a model independent result, in full accordance with the expansion center model. This means a maximum cz range ...

Lorenzi, Luciano

2011-01-01

111

Klimadiplomatiets afveje i Kyoto-processen  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Operationaliseringen af de i 1992 i Rio indgåede forpligtelser i forhold til UNFCCC (FNs Rammekonventionom klimaforandringerne) blev siden COP3 i Kyoto under dominerende indflydelse af USAs forhandlere. Kritik af resultaterne kom allerede i 1998 fra den tyske regerings rådgivere i WGBU, men blev tilsidesat. Efter USAs vægring mod at ratificere Kyoto-aftalen burde cirkusset have standset for at undgå de huller, der viser sig f.eks. hvad angår international handel med skovbaserede brændsler, hvor regnskabet ikke går op. En Plan B ligesom den tidligere forhandler fra EU-side i Kyoto, Jørgen Henningsen, allerede foreslog i 2009 er stadigvæk nødvendig, hvor man fokuserer på enkelte sektorer og enes om reduktionsmåder af drivhusgasser.

Czeskleba-Dupont, Rolf

2014-01-01

112

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Annual Report covers the research activities and the technical developments of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, for the period from April 1988 to March 1989. Laborious work of refreshing 12UD has continued throughout the year, in parallel with the regular machine-time service. Almost 95% of the work has been completed by the end of March 1989. At the time of writing this manuscript, 12UD is running up modestly beyond 11.0MV, raising joyous murmur of pellet chains. She has recovered up to the hilt. In spite of the considerable time consumed by the refreshing, the total machine-time has exceeded 3,000 hours. Activities at the Center covered a wide area of research field, viz. 1) nuclear spectroscopy of transitional nuclei, 2) heavy ion fusion and fission processes, 3) polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions, 4) charge exchange process in atomic collisions, 5) application of energetic heavy ions to investigating solid-state physics, and 6) effect of ion-irradiation on the fatigue properties of metal. Theoretical work pertinent to the nuclear structure is also included in this report. Prospects for a project attempting to equip the Center with a crystal-ball spectrometer is, at least, not gloomy. First streaks of light seems to begin glimmering. (author)

113

Venemaa avas tee Kyoto protokolli jõustumiseks / Arko Olesk  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Kuigi USA on 1997. aastal sõlmitud globaalse soojenemise vastu suunatud Kyoto protokolli vastu, võib see rakenduda, sest Venemaa valitsus kiitis 30. septembril leppe heaks. Lisa: Venemaa Kyoto protokolli kaalukeelena

Olesk, Arko, 1981-

2004-01-01

114

Kyoto leppe jõustumine toob Eestile kasu / Tõnis Arnover  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Kyoto protokollist, mis kohustab sellega ühinenud riike vähendama kasvuhoonegaase. Eesti võttis endale leppe ratifitseerimisel kohustuse vähendada aastaks 2012 heitekogust 1990. aastaga võrreldes 8%. Lisa: Eestile Kyoto lepe raskusi ei valmista

Arnover, Tõnis, 1952-

2005-01-01

115

University Hospitals Case Medical Center presents promising data for novel pancreatic cancer vaccine  

Science.gov (United States)

Scientists from University Hospitals Case Medical Center’s Seidman Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine presented results of a Phase 2 clinical trial in patients with pancreatic cancer testing the Algenpantucel-L vaccine today at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract, part of Digestive Disease Week in San Diego.

116

Climate Change And The Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The problem of global warming is addressed. Changes in earth surface temperature, emission of CO2 and other four major green house gases are presented. Effect of global warming on weather, ocean, and ecosystem is discussed. A brief history of the Kyoto protocol starting from the 151 Earth Summit in 1972 is outlined. An overview of the protocol and a brief summary are given

117

Teadlased : USA liitub Kyoto protokolliga / Neeme Raud  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

USA ja Austraalia on ainsad riigid, mis pole Kyoto protokollile alla kirjutanud. Princetoni ülikooli professori Michael Oppenheimeri arvates võib USA president George W. Bush oma seisukohti keskkonnaküsimustes muuta, sest teiseks ametiajaks valitud presidendid ei pea mõtlema uuele kampaaniale ning püüavad enne Valgest Majast lahkumist oma mainet maailma silmis parandada

Raud, Neeme, 1969-

2004-01-01

118

New Mexico State University Arrowhead Center PROSPER Project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document is the final technical report of the Arrowhead Center Prosper Project at New Mexico State University. The Prosper Project was a research and public policy initiative funded by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The Prosper project (DOE Grant Number DE-NT0004397) began on October 1, 2008 (FY2009, Quarter 1) and ended on December 31, 2012 (FY2013, Quarter 1). All project milestones were completed on time and within the budget. This report contains a summary of ten technical reports resulting from research conducted during the project. This report also contains a detailed description of the research dissemination and outreach activities of the project including a description of the policy impacts of the project. The report also describes project activities that will be maintained after the end of the project.

Peach, James

2012-12-31

119

Joint development utility and university and utility and research center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper shows the background acquired by CEMIG in dealing with projects associated with R and D (Research and Development), carried out as a result of the establishment of contracts or governants with universities and research center for direct application on the solution of problems related to the operation of the system, within the scope of electrical operation planning. The various aspects of a project of this nature such as legal questions, characterization of a contract or a covenant, main developments and new opportunity areas should be covered. Finally the subject shall be dealt with under the Total Quality approach, involving the proposition of control items associated to the process and goals to be reached. (author) 7 refs., 2 figs.

Pinto, Roberto del Giudice R.; Valgas, Helio Moreira [Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais (CEMIG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

1994-12-31

120

Status report of Gunma University Heavy-Ion Medical Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In March 2010 cancer therapy of several body regions, including prostate, H and N, lung and liver, started at the Gunma University Heavy-ion Medical Center. Our Radiology Information System has been refined to ensure a stable control and a smooth treatment schedule. In order to increase the number of yearly patients, a third treatment room is available from this fiscal year on. Variations of the beam profile have been investigated in a year and tests for stable operation and well controlled irradiation were performed which allows for a highly efficient cancer treatment. In a fourth treatment room, the preparations for a scanning irradiation system have commenced and are still in progress. In order to verify the system, accelerator tuning experiments were performed in this year with the National Institute of Radiological Sciences and the Mitsubishi Electric Corporation. We successfully improved the time structure of the extraction beam. (author)

 
 
 
 
121

University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center opportunities for improvement project.  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center (UMCCC) Opportunities for Improvement project involved a detailed patient-level medical record review, feedback to medical providers and clinical leadership, and discussion of potential predictors of discordant or delayed care. The medical record review revealed that reasons for discordant or delayed care were well documented by clinical providers, and medical comorbidity was the most common predisposing factor. Another common theme was the difficulty in obtaining treatment records for patients who received a portion of their care outside UMCCC. The project provided a valuable opportunity to examine established processes of care and data collection and consider how the newly implemented electronic health record might support future efforts aimed at improving efficiency and communication among providers. PMID:24614046

Breslin, Tara M; Waldinger, Marcy; Silver, Samuel M

2014-02-01

122

The Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania  

Science.gov (United States)

Established in 1994, the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania conducts research on a variety of topics, including political communication, journalism, and the role of the media in the lives of developing children. With offices in Philadelphia and Washington, D.C., the Center is well poised to also disseminate its research findings to various governmental organizations and other policy groups. The siteâÂÂs homepage provides direct link to some of their more recent work, which includes excerpts from a talk by National Intelligence Director John D. Negroponte and Geneva OverholserâÂÂs compelling report, âÂÂOn Behalf of Journalism: A Manifesto for ChangeâÂÂ. While visitors can just scroll down through the homepage to review these documents, they may also wish to click on the tabs near the top of the page to move directly to a thematic area of interest. The site is rounded out by a number of links to other Annenberg-sponsored sites, such as âÂÂJustice LearningâÂÂ, which is a joint project sponsored by National Public Radio and the New York Times Learning Network.

123

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Annual Report covers the research activities and the technical developments of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, for the period from April 1989 to March 1990. Laborious but promising work of refreshing 12UD has continued throughout the year, in the intervals of the regular machine-time service. The terminal voltage of 12UD has gone beyond 12MV. At the time of writing this manuscript, 12UD is running up stably around 12.4MV, the loss current being essentially zero. She has recovered and further begins to flesh up without a surgical operation of grafting 'compressed tubes'. In the course of conditioning, the voltage has reached to 12.78MV. In spite of the considerable time consumed by the refreshing, the total machine-time has exceeded 2,000 hours. In addition to the improvement of 12UD, activities at the Center covered a wide area of research field, viz. 1) nuclear spectroscopy of transitional nuclei, 2) heavy ion fusion and fission processes, 3) polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions, 4) charge exchange process in atomic collisions, 5) application of energetic heavy ions investigating solid-state physics, and 6) effect of ion-irradiation on the fatigue properties of metal. Theoretical work pertinent to the nuclear structure is also included in this report. (author)

124

EU CLIMATE POLICY FROM KYOTO TO DURBAN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The risks posed by climate change are real and its impacts are already taking place. The biggest challenge about climate change is that there is no one single answer, no one single solution. This characteristic, together with the long history of political frictions and disputes worsened by environmental stresses suggests that global climatic changes have the potential to exacerbate existing international tensions. On December 31, 2012, the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period will expire. Unless states agree to a second commitment period, requiring a further round of emissions cuts, the Protocol will no longer impose any quantitative limits on states' greenhouse gas emissions. Although, as a legal matter, the Protocol will continue in force, it will be a largely empty shell, doing little if anything to curb global warming. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol negotiations, which focused exclusively on developed country emissions, the ongoing negotiations on a post-2012 climate change regime have also addressed developing country mitigation actions, without which a solution to the climate change problem is impossible. This has made the current negotiations as much between developed and developing countries as between the U.S. and the European Union. Key issues include: Legal Form; Regulatory approach; and Differentiation. By the Durban conference in December 2011 the EU needs to decide whether - and how - it will sign-up to a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol. This article focuses on the European Union needs to decide whether – and – how it will sign- up a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol. Because asking, whether others will act is the wrong question. The real question is whether signing- up to some form of second Kyoto commitment period will support Europe’s fundamental interests.

ELENA ANDREEVSKA

2012-05-01

125

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA ? CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY (UC-CEIN)  

Science.gov (United States)

EPA GRANT NUMBER: 0830117 Title: University of California ? Center for Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology (UC-CEIN) Investigator: Andre E. Nel Institution: University of California - Los Angeles EPA Project Officer: Nor...

126

Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers: Model Partnerships (Revised 7/96)  

Science.gov (United States)

Title: Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers: Model Partnerships (NSF 93-97, Revised 7/96 ... to all parties (with NSF and industry sharing costs). Industry/University Cooperative Research ...

127

The University of New Mexico Center for Molecular Discovery.  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of New Mexico Center for Molecular Discovery (UNMCMD) is an academic research center that specializes in discovery using high throughput flow cytometry (HTFC) integrated with virtual screening, as well as knowledge mining and drug informatics. With a primary focus on identifying small molecules that can be used as chemical probes and as leads for drug discovery, it is a central core resource for research and translational activities at UNM that supports implementation and management of funded screening projects as well as "up-front" services such as consulting for project design and implementation, assistance in assay development and generation of preliminary data for pilot projects in support of competitive grant applications. The HTFC platform in current use represents advanced, proprietary technology developed at UNM that is now routinely capable of processing bioassays arrayed in 96-, 384- and 1536-well formats at throughputs of 60,000 or more wells per day. Key programs at UNMCMD include screening of research targets submitted by the international community through NIH's Molecular Libraries Program; a multi-year effort involving translational partnerships at UNM directed towards drug repurposing - identifying new uses for clinically approved drugs; and a recently established personalized medicine initiative for advancing cancer therapy by the application of "smart" oncology drugs in selected patients based on response patterns of their cancer cells in vitro. UNMCMD discoveries, innovation, and translation have contributed to a wealth of inventions, patents, licenses and publications, as well as startup companies, clinical trials and a multiplicity of domestic and international collaborative partnerships to further the research enterprise. PMID:24409953

Edwards, Bruce S; Gouveia, Kristine; Oprea, Tudor I; Sklar, Larry A

2014-03-01

128

The Center for Aerospace Research: A NASA Center of Excellence at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University  

Science.gov (United States)

This report documents the efforts and outcomes of our research and educational programs at NASA-CORE in NCA&TSU. The goal of the center was to establish a quality aerospace research base and to develop an educational program to increase the participation of minority faculty and students in the areas of aerospace engineering. The major accomplishments of this center in the first year are summarized in terms of three different areas, namely, the center's research programs area, the center's educational programs area, and the center's management area. In the center's research programs area, we focus on developing capabilities needed to support the development of the aerospace plane and high speed civil transportation system technologies. In the educational programs area, we developed an aerospace engineering option program ready for university approval.

Lai, Steven H.-Y.

1992-01-01

129

Cancer Research Center Indiana University School of Medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to authorize the Indiana School of Medicine to proceed with the detailed design, construction and equipping of the proposed Cancer Research Center (CRC). A grant was executed with the University on April 21, 1992. A four-story building with basement would be constructed on the proposed site over a 24-month period. The proposed project would bring together, in one building, three existing hematology/oncology basic research programs, with improved cost-effectiveness through the sharing of common resources. The proposed site is currently covered with asphaltic pavement and is used as a campus parking lot. The surrounding area is developed campus, characterized by buildings, walkways, with minimal lawns and plantings. The proposed site has no history of prior structures and no evidence of potential sources of prior contamination of the soil. Environmental impacts of construction would be limited to minor increases in traffic, and the typical noises associated with standard building construction. The proposed CRC project operation would involve the use radionuclides and various hazardous materials in conducting clinical studies. Storage, removal and disposal of hazardous wastes would be managed under existing University programs that comply with federal and state requirements. Radiological safety programs would be governed by Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) license and applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations. There are no other NEPA reviews currently active which are in relationship to this proposed site. The proposed project is part of a Medical Campus master plan and is consistent with applicable local zoning and land use requirements

130

Kyoto protocol and Nepal's energy sector  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nepal has recently ratified Kyoto Protocol, which considers justifiable use of resources to limit or reduce the emission of gases that contribute to green house gas inventory in the atmosphere. Nepal's per capita green gas (GHG) emission from energy use is insignificant. However, it is important for Nepal to adopt environmentally friendly energy options based on local resources like hydropower and biomass. Nepal can benefit from the provisions of clean development mechanism (CDM) under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) or carbon funds being promoted by various organizations in order to obtain funding for new projects that reduce GHG emissions (ER). Funding can be generated through Carbon trading in international market as well. In this paper, the country's current contribution to GHG due to energy consumption is evaluated. Options for promoting more sustainable and environmentally friendly projects have also been discussed

131

NAFTA's shadow hangs over Kyoto's implementation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Canadian government recently stated that it will not meet its Kyoto targets by the end of the first period in 2012, and instead proposed a twofold solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The solutions involve the development of a Clean Air Act that will seek a 50 per cent reduction in emissions by 2050; and, participation in negotiations to determine the next steps for the Kyoto Protocol, post-2012. It was noted that as a ratified member of the Kyoto Protocol, Canada is still legally obligated to achieve its reduction requirements. However, as a co-signatory of the North American Free-Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canada may be impeded from introducing and maintaining GHG reducing initiative since there are elements of NAFTA which may be used to block efforts that are considered discriminatory to trade. Chapter 11 of NAFTA assigns rights to Canadian, American and Mexican private investors to promote investment, ensure equal treatment and protect their investments against discrimination by NAFTA governments other than their own. These rights may challenge independent action by member states to reduce environmental risks. The authors emphasized that in order to avoid the possibility of legal challenges through Chapter 11 of NAFTA, it is important for the Canadian government to address various aspects of the flexibility mechanisms in the Kyoto Protocol. Three of these mechanisms were designed to reduce the financial burden and technological capacity issues associatedd technological capacity issues associated with mitigating GHG emissions. These include emissions trading system, clean development mechanism, and joint implementation. The authors presented some policy recommendations to avoid future conflict. 26 refs

132

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report covers the work carried out at the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, during fiscal year 1984. The 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator was operated very stably. In addition, the heavy ion post accelerator with interdigital-H structure has worked well, providing additional energy of 2 MeV per charge for heavy ions. The constructions of a new Lamb-shift polarized ion source, a multi-computer control system for the ion sources of the UTTA, an electrostatic inflection system of incident ions for the UTTA, a new beam bunching system, and a new SF6 gas handling system were under way. The development and performance test of various radiation detector systems were carried out. Two thirds of the research works were performed by using the beam from the Lamb-shift polarized ion source (PIS). A newly constructed fast spin state interchange control system for the PIS made polarization experiment more effective and accurate. The research activities in the fields of nuclear physics, atomic and solid state physics, and biology and medical science are reported. (Kako, I.)

133

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report includes the research activities and the technical developments carried out at the Tandem Accelerator Center in University of Tsukuba for the period from April 1991 to March 1992. Research activities covered the following subjects. Experimental investigations were made on 1) nuclear spectroscopy of high-spin rotational states and high-spin isomers in odd-odd nuclei, anomalous Fermi-coupling constant in the ? decay of 35Ar and the search for new isotopes around the mass number 90; 2) polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions; 3) the application of energetic heavy ions to solid state physics; 4) the properties of defects in metal produced by proton irradiation; 5) the magnetic properties of LiVO2 by NMR; 6) off line Moessbauer studies; and 7) the mechanism of micro-cluster formation at the surface of material by heavy-ion bombardment. Theoretical work pertinent to the nuclear collective motion and the relativistic mean-field theory is also included in this report. (J.P.N.)

134

Two roads to Kyoto: more or less  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

According to this author, in implementing the Kyoto Protocol Canadians are faced with two alternatives: one is consuming less, driving less, and turning down the thermostat, the other is to follow the route of using energy more efficiently, which would allow us to continue to do what we like to do, including driving and staying warm in the winter. The author contends that the federal government's plan relies too heavily on moral suasion, guilt-tripping consumers into reducing their driving and reducing their GHG emissions by turning down their thermostats. The method more likely to succeed would be to encourage fuel-efficient technologies, providing incentives to promote the early commercial production in Canada of low-emission vehicles, along with tax incentives and mandatory market penetration targets. Sensible measures to push automakers to continue improving the average fuel efficiency of new vehicles, shaping and regulating the auto industry to speed up the development of hybrid fuel vehicles and other technological innovations such as continuously variable transmissions, variable valve control and direct injection technologies in engines would also advance the cause of energy efficiency. Regulations regarding motor vehicle recycling, other policies to promote steel recycling, incentives, including higher gasoline taxes, and measures which would mesh with a broader strategy to help Canadians to meet their own Kyoto challenges, are also badly needed. The right decisions on these matters will determine whether ratifying the Kyoto Protocol will be beneficial or detrimental to the Canadian economy.

Stanford, J. [Canadian Auto Workers Union (Canada)

2003-01-01

135

[Dr. Michiharu Matsuoka, founder of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyoto University, and his achievements. (Part 7: The academic carrier of Dr. Michiharu Matsuoka--from elementary school to the graduate school, Imperial University of Tokyo)].  

Science.gov (United States)

The background of the higher education of Dr. Michiharu Matsuoka shown on the official resume was disclosed by Dr. Kazuo Naito in 1986, but the courses of the elementary and secondary schools were not described in it. In regard to his lower educational courses, the author referred to the laws and regulations issued by the Ministry of Education of the Japan Government and the Yamaguchi Prefectural Office. Those were often revised with times. The author presumed the elementary school (Murozumi Primary School [the first established primary school at the birthplace; Murozumi, Hikari-City, Yamaguchi Prefecture]) and middle schools (Prefectural Yamaguchi Middle School and Yamaguchi High School) to which he had been admitted. These presumptions were made to explain his whole educational course without unreasonableness. After finishing the first school year of the Yamaguchi High School, he was transferred to the Preparatory Course of the Yamaguchi Higher School (Yamaguchi Kotô Chugakkô, Yoka), because of the amendment of the educational system. Then he was transferred to the Preparatory Course of the Daisan Higher School (Daisan Kotô Chugakkô, Yoka), and to the Preparatory Course of Daiichi Higher School (Daiichi Kotô Chugakkô, Yoka). After his graduation from the Regular Course of the Daiichi Higher School (Daiichi Kotô Chugakkô, Honka), he was admitted to the Medical College of the Imperial University from which he graduated in 1897. In addition, he was a medical student of the Graduate School of the Imperial University of Tokyo just before he left Japan for studying abroad. The whole academic carrier of Dr. Matsuoka is not only clearly clarified, but it is also indicated that he was one of the successful examples of the educational system proposed by Yamaguchi Prefecture in Meiji era which articulated the local primary and middle schools with the Imperial University of Tokyo. PMID:22586890

Hirotani, Hayato

2011-12-01

136

The Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland: the first complementary and alternative medicine center in a US medical school  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract: The Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland was founded in 1991 and was the first center dedicated to evaluating complementary and alternative medicine at a US medical school. The center has been a National Institutes of Health center of excellence since 1995 focused on evaluating the efficacy, safety and mechanism of action of traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, and mind-body modalities including Qigong and mindfulness meditation. The Center functions as an interdisciplinary center in the university and is composed of four main areas—research, patient care, informatics, and education—that mutually enhance each other and create a cohesive unit. The Center has recently increased its international collaboration on acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine research, particularly with universities in China such as Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM and other TCM universities.

Lixing LAO

2008-11-01

137

Space Monitoring Data Center at Moscow State University  

Science.gov (United States)

Space monitoring data center of Moscow State University provides operational information on radiation state of the near-Earth space. Internet portal http://swx.sinp.msu.ru/ gives access to the actual data characterizing the level of solar activity, geomagnetic and radiation conditions in the magnetosphere and heliosphere in the real time mode. Operational data coming from space missions (ACE, GOES, ELECTRO-L1, Meteor-M1) at L1, LEO and GEO and from the Earth’s surface are used to represent geomagnetic and radiation state of near-Earth environment. On-line database of measurements is also maintained to allow quick comparison between current conditions and conditions experienced in the past. The models of space environment working in autonomous mode are used to generalize the information obtained from observations on the whole magnetosphere. Interactive applications and operational forecasting services are created on the base of these models. They automatically generate alerts on particle fluxes enhancements above the threshold values, both for SEP and relativistic electrons using data from LEO orbits. Special forecasting services give short-term forecast of SEP penetration to the Earth magnetosphere at low altitudes, as well as relativistic electron fluxes at GEO. Velocities of recurrent high speed solar wind streams on the Earth orbit are predicted with advance time of 3-4 days on the basis of automatic estimation of the coronal hole areas detected on the images of the Sun received from the SDO satellite. By means of neural network approach, Dst and Kp indices online forecasting 0.5-1.5 hours ahead, depending on solar wind and the interplanetary magnetic field, measured by ACE satellite, is carried out. Visualization system allows representing experimental and modeling data in 2D and 3D.

Kalegaev, Vladimir; Bobrovnikov, Sergey; Barinova, Vera; Myagkova, Irina; Shugay, Yulia; Barinov, Oleg; Dolenko, Sergey; Mukhametdinova, Ludmila; Shiroky, Vladimir

138

Costs and results of the implementation of the Kyoto Mechanisms  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Onbeperkte toepassing van de Kyoto Mechanismen kan de kosten van uitvoering van het Kyoto Protocol substantieel verlagen. Vrije emissiehandel tussen Annex-I landen vermindert de kosten met meer dan een derde terwijl mondiale emissiehandel de kosten substantieel verder doet dalen tot een fractie van het bedrag wanneer landen hun Kyoto-doelen op eigen kracht moeten halen. In absolute termen kunnen de totale kosten door mondiale handel tot $300 miljard worden verminderd. ...

Aog, Moor; Jc, Bollen

2012-01-01

139

Ihatud ja vihatud Kyoto kliimalepe jõustus viimaks / Kaivo Kopli  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Kaheksa aastat peale sõlmimist jõustus Kyoto protokoll ehk ülemaailmne kliimakokkulepe kasvuhoonegaaside õhkupaiskamise vähendamiseks. ÜRO peasekretäri Kofi Annani läkitusest, lepingu nõrkadest külgedest ning kliimalepingu täitmisest. Lisa: Võitlus kasvuhoonegaasidega

Kopli, Kaivo

2005-01-01

140

The Kyoto Protocol. An economic appraisal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper examines the overall economics of the Kyoto Protocol on climate change, in three main parts. The first part explores the structure of the Protocol and how this matches against classical economic criteria of an 'optimal' climate change agreement. This discussion also considers the nature of and reasons for shortcomings, and the prospects for its evolution. Given the various flexibilities in the agreement, the Kyoto Protocol is far more economically efficient in its structure than any previous global environmental agreement. The central conclusion is that, from an economic perspective, the Protocol's structure for industrialised country commitments is as good as could reasonably be expected. The second part of the paper explores more closely the economics of the commitments themselves and how they combine with the various flexibilities, briefly reviewing the available literature and using a simple spreadsheet model of how the commitments might combine with trading mechanisms under a range of assumptions. Flexibility is intrinsic and necessary, but it is argued that the allocations to Russia and Ukraine in particular mean that unlimited flexibility could render the Protocol's commitments weaker in their impacts than is economically desirable to address climate change. It is argued that, should this prove to be the case, access to the large surplus in the transition economies could be used as a control valve to limit the costs of the Protocol to within acceptabe costs of the Protocol to within acceptable limits. Finally, the paper considers the issues of developing country involvement in the Kyoto Protocol, and the Protocol's longer-term impact and evolution, including its impact on technological evolution and dissemination and the evolution of future commitments. It is argued that taking account of such issues critically affects views of the Protocol

 
 
 
 
141

Meeting concentration targets in the post-Kyoto world. Does Kyoto further a least cost strategy?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Preliminary analysis based on an aggregate model of global carbon emissions suggests that constraining emissions to the levels that would be imposed by compliance with the results of the Kyoto negotiations can increase the discounted cost of ultimately limiting atmospheric concentrations. Kyoto targets can be either too restrictive or too permissive depending upon the (currently unknown) trajectory of carbon emissions over the near - to medium - term and the (as yet unspecified) concentration target that frames long-term policy. The discounted cost of meeting low concentration targets like 450 ppmv. is diminished by allowing large sinks and/or by imposing more restrictive near-term emissions benchmarks (even if only Annex B countries are bound by the Kyoto accord). Conversely, the cost of achieving high concentration targets like 650 ppmv. is diminished by disallowing sinks and/or by imposing less restrictive emissions benchmarks. Intermediate concentration targets like 550 ppmv. look like high concentration targets (favoring no sinks and expanded near-term emissions) along low emissions paths; but they look like low concentration targets (favoring the opposite) along high emissions paths. Emissions trajectories that lie above the median, but no excessively so, represent cases for which adjustments in the Kyoto emissions benchmarks and/or negotiated allowances for sinks have the smallest effect on the cost of mitigation. 22 refs.

Yohe, G.; Jacobsen, M. [Department of Economics, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT (United States)

1999-08-01

142

Karl Popper: antes y después de Kyoto  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Not available.En su último libro sobre Karl Popper, Mariano Artigas plantea una hermenéutica revolucionaria: muestra que la ética de Popper es el fundamento de su epistemología, y que el fundamento de esa ética está lejos del «conjeturalismo» que suele atribuirse a Popper. Artigas analiza qué significa en Popper la «fe irracional en la razón» y utiliza, como fuente inédita, el dramático relato que hace Popper de su relación con W. W. Bartley, por primera vez, en Kyoto, en 1992. Sea cual fuere la opinión del lector, el libro de Artigas divide la hermenéutica de Popper en un antes y un después.

Zanotti, Gabriel

1999-06-01

143

13 CFR 306.7 - Performance evaluations of University Centers.  

Science.gov (United States)

13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01...Centers. 306.7 Section 306.7 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT...for the following Investment Assistance cycle. (c) For peer review, EDA...

2010-01-01

144

Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers Program (I/UCRC)  

Science.gov (United States)

... a supporting role in their development and evolution. Each center is established to conduct research ... s): 47.074 --- Biological Sciences 47.070 --- Computer and Information Science and Engineering ...

145

Global post-Kyoto scenario analyses at PSI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Scenario analyses are described here using the Global MARKAL-Macro Trade (GMMT) model to study the economic implications of the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Convention on Climate change. Some conclusions are derived in terms of efficient implementations of the post-Kyoto extensions of the Protocol. (author) 2 figs., 5 refs.

Kypreos, S. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)

1999-08-01

146

University Hospitals Case Medical Center researchers develop new radiation therapy for gynecologic cancers  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers from University Hospitals Case Medical Center have developed a more effective way to treat gynecologic cancers, shortening radiation treatment time from five weeks to three days. The method was published in the Journal of Visualized Experiments on April 17. The new method, stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has been used on other types of cancer, but University Hospitals Case Medical Center is the first treatment facility to apply it to gynecologic cancers.

147

Integrating Student-Centered Learning in Finance Courses: The Case of a Malaysian Research University  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The student-centered learning (SCL) approach is an approach to education that focuses on learners and their needs, rather than relying upon the input of the teacher's. The present paper examines how the SCL approach is integrated as a learner-centered paradigm into finance courses offered at a business school in a research university in Malaysia. Specifically, this paper identifies how a learner-centered environment is integrated into teaching methods, learning activities and evaluation tools...

Hawati Janor; Ruzita Abdul Rahim; Aisyah Abdul Rahman; Noor Azryani Auzairy; Noor Azuan Hashim; Muhamad Zain Yusof

2013-01-01

148

NASA University Research Centers Technical Advances in Education, Aeronautics, Space, Autonomy, Earth and Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

This first volume of the Autonomous Control Engineering (ACE) Center Press Series on NASA University Research Center's (URC's) Advanced Technologies on Space Exploration and National Service constitute a report on the research papers and presentations delivered by NASA Installations and industry and Report of the NASA's fourteen URC's held at the First National Conference in Albuquerque, New Mexico from February 16-19, 1997.

Jamshidi, M. (Editor); Lumia, R. (Editor); Tunstel, E., Jr. (Editor); White, B. (Editor); Malone, J. (Editor); Sakimoto, P. (Editor)

1997-01-01

149

Advancing Mental Health Research: Washington University's Center for Mental Health Services Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Research centers have become a key component of the research infrastructure in schools of social work, including the George Warren Brown School of Social Work at Washington University. In 1993, that school's Center for Mental Health Services Research (CMHSR) received funding from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) as a Social Work…

Proctor, Enola K.; McMillen, Curtis; Haywood, Sally; Dore, Peter

2008-01-01

150

The Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland: the first complementary and alternative medicine center in a US medical school  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract: The Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland was founded in 1991 and was the first center dedicated to evaluating complementary and alternative medicine at a US medical school. The center has been a National Institutes of Health center of excellence since 1995 focused on evaluating the efficacy, safety and mechanism of action of traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, and mind-body modalities including Qigong and mindfulness meditation. The Center functions a...

Lao, Lixing

2008-01-01

151

Center on Religion and Democracy at the University of Virginia  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the Center on Religion and Democracy is "to provide timely and empirically ground scholarship that stimulates public learning, strengthens public policy considerations, and helps religious communities themselves re-envision a constructive role in the public square of democracy." Given this ambitious mission, it is not surprising that their site offers a wide range of materials detailing their own scholarly and public activities, coupled with influential primary texts that deal with the ordering of public life and its intersection with religion. Information in the first two sections of the site give visitors a brief overview of the academic and professional staff working at the center and the Center's partnerships with organizations such as the Etext and Pew Centers. The third section of the site deals with the public outreach programs of the Center, including conferences, lectures, and information for potential fellows. Perhaps most compelling is the Library section of the site that offers a searchable archive of crucial texts dealing with social theory, religion, and legal questions. Finally, these documents (which include the Confessions of St. Augustine, John Locke's Two Treatises on Government, and many others) are available in several different formats, including for use with PDAs.

152

State University of New York (Binghamton) Translation Center  

Science.gov (United States)

A brief description of the instructional programs and objectives of the translation center at SUNY Binghamton. The program is built around a core course, the workshop, which is open to students who have mastered foreign language learning and which integrates instruction with service to the community. (AMH)

Rose, Marilyn Gaddis

1976-01-01

153

The Syracuse Transformation: On Becoming a Student-Centered Research University.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines efforts at Syracuse University since winning the 1996 Hesburgh Award for transforming into a "student-centered research university." Concludes that the institution has been successful in creating consensus for its redefined mission, building supporting infrastructure, and changing its campus culture. Asserts that it can serve as a model…

Wright, Barbara D.

2001-01-01

154

University of Colorado Cancer Center genetically sequences most common bladder cancer:  

Science.gov (United States)

In an article published online this week in Nature Genetics, a University of Colorado Cancer Center team in partnership with universities in China and Denmark, reports the first genetic sequencing of urothelial (transitional) carcinoma, the most prevalent type of bladder cancer.

155

Van Kyoto tot aan Den Haag - Europese perspectieven om het Kyoto Protocol te doen slagen  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Verslag van de 2e Klimaatbeleid workshop in het kader van EFIEA, gehouden in Amsterdam van 18-19 april 2000. Over een aantal van de belangrijkste onderwerpen voor COP6 (Den Haag) werd hier gediscussieerd met wetenschappers, beleidsmakers en belanghebbenden: EU leiderschap, Kyoto Mechanismen, binnenlandse implementatie maatregelen en putten (sinks). De workshop en het rapport dienen ter voorbereiding voor COP6 in november 2000.

Metz B; Faber A; Mm, Berk; Mtj, Kok; Jg, Minnen; de Moor A

2012-01-01

156

May the Kyoto protocol produce results?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A not well managed drastic reduction of greenhouse emissions might result in significant decrease of living standards, but without such reduction efforts, climate change might have five to twenty times higher costs. Thus, while indicating estimated consequences or evolutions of greenhouse emissions and temperature, the author stresses the need of emission reduction. She discusses the role of economic instruments which can be used in policies aimed at the struggle against climate change. She recalls the emission reduction commitments specified in the Kyoto protocol, discusses the present status, operation and results of the international emission trading scheme, the lessons learned after the first years of operation, comments the involvement of emerging countries in relationship with another mechanism defined in the protocol: the Clean Development Mechanism

157

The center of excellence on elder abuse and neglect at the University of California, Irvine.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center of Excellence on Elder Abuse and Neglect at the University of California, Irvine, integrates the work of five discrete but interacting domains related to elder mistreatment. These domains are local projects, research, training and education, technical assistance, and policy and advocacy. The Center is structured in such a way as to maximize information sharing and cross-pollination between the domains, build on lessons learned, and explore new ideas. This article describes the history of the Center, offers examples that highlight how the Center works, and considers the future of this model for the field of elder mistreatment. PMID:20711912

Chen, Elaine A; Twomey, Mary S; Mosqueda, Laura

2010-07-01

158

Marathon Group Therapy: Potential for University Counseling Centers and Beyond  

Science.gov (United States)

A descriptive analysis of marathon group therapy was conducted, specifying issues of set-up, screening, preparation, start-up, introduction to group process, facilitating therapeutic moments throughout the weekend, termination, and follow-up. Factors and dynamics unique to this modality are outlined for marathon groups in university counseling…

Stanger, Thomas; Harris, Rafael S., Jr.

2005-01-01

159

What will be the fate of the Kyoto protocol?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

n this paper authors deal with the Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 as well as with Kyoto protocol. For the Slovak Republic the Convention on Climate Change took effect in November 1994. For Slovakia arised from Kyoto Protocol to the Convention, that in the period of 2008-2012 the level of emissions cannot exceed the amount from 1990, reduced by 8 per cent (as well as whole Europe). In the next part authors describe mechanisms of flexibility in the frame of Kyoto protocol, principles for realisation of trade with greenhouse carbon dioxide and supported projects. (author)

160

Impact of Urban Disaster on a University Trauma Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

On the eve of the 1984 Summer Olympics, a deranged man drove his car at high speed onto a pedestriancrowded sidewalk in a suburb of Los Angeles. The UCLA Medical Center, located two blocks from the scene, received 17 of 51 casualties. One patient arrived in full cardiac arrest and could not be resuscitated. Six had minor injuries or temporary hysteria and did not require admission to hospital. The mean injury severity score of the 10 patients who were admitted was 13.6 (range 3 to 48). Three ...

Hiatt, Jonathan R.; Larmon, Baxter

1988-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Energy Efficient Industrialized Housing Research Program, Center for Housing Innovation, University of Oregon and the Florida Solar Energy Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This research program addresses the need to increase the energy efficiency of industrialized housing. Two research centers have responsibility for the program: the Center for Housing Innovation at the University of Oregon and the Florida Solar Energy Center, a research institute of the University of Central Florida. The two organizations provide complementary architectural, systems engineering, and industrial engineering capabilities. In 1989 we worked on these tasks: (1) the formation of a steering committee, (2) the development of a multiyear research plan, (3) analysis of the US industrialized housing industry, (4) assessment of foreign technology, (5) assessment of industrial applications, (6) analysis of computerized design and evaluation tools, and (7) assessment of energy performance of baseline and advanced industrialized housing concepts. The current research program, under the guidance of a steering committee composed of industry and government representatives, focuses on three interdependent concerns -- (1) energy, (2) industrial process, and (3) housing design. Building homes in a factory offers the opportunity to increase energy efficiency through the use of new materials and processes, and to increase the value of these homes by improving the quality of their construction. Housing design strives to ensure that these technically advanced homes are marketable and will meet the needs of the people who will live in them.

Brown, G.Z.

1990-01-01

162

Center for Space Power, Texas A and M University  

Science.gov (United States)

Johnson Controls is a 106 year old company employing 42,000 people worldwide with $4.7 billion annual sales. Though we are new to the aerospace industry we are a world leader in automobile battery manufacturing, automotive seating, plastic bottling, and facilities environment controls. The battery division produces over 24,000,000 batteries annually under private label for the new car manufacturers and the replacement market. We are entering the aerospace market with the nickel hydrogen battery with the help of NASA's Center for Space Power at Texas A&M. Unlike traditional nickel hydrogen battery manufacturers, we are reaching beyond the space applications to the higher volume markets of aircraft starting and utility load leveling. Though space applications alone will not provide sufficient volume to support the economies of scale and opportunities for statistical process control, these additional terrestrial applications will. For example, nickel hydrogen batteries do not have the environmental problems of nickel cadmium or lead acid and may someday start your car or power your electric vehicle. However you envision the future, keep in mind that no manufacturer moves into a large volume market without fine tuning their process. The Center for Space Power at Texas A&M is providing indepth technical analysis of all of the materials and fabricated parts of our battery as well as thermal and mechanical design computer modeling. Several examples of what we are doing with nickel hydrogen chemistry to lead to these production efficiencies are presented.

Jones, Ken

163

Center for Space Power, Texas A and M University  

Science.gov (United States)

Johnson Controls is a 106 year old company employing 42,000 people worldwide with $4.7 billion annual sales. Though we are new to the aerospace industry we are a world leader in automobile battery manufacturing, automotive seating, plastic bottling, and facilities environment controls. The battery division produces over 24,000,000 batteries annually under private label for the new car manufacturers and the replacement market. We are entering the aerospace market with the nickel hydrogen battery with the help of NASA's Center for Space Power at Texas A&M. Unlike traditional nickel hydrogen battery manufacturers, we are reaching beyond the space applications to the higher volume markets of aircraft starting and utility load leveling. Though space applications alone will not provide sufficient volume to support the economies of scale and opportunities for statistical process control, these additional terrestrial applications will. For example, nickel hydrogen batteries do not have the environmental problems of nickel cadmium or lead acid and may someday start your car or power your electric vehicle. However you envision the future, keep in mind that no manufacturer moves into a large volume market without fine tuning their process. The Center for Space Power at Texas A&M is providing indepth technical analysis of all of the materials and fabricated parts of our battery as well as thermal and mechanical design computer modeling. Several examples of what we are doing with nickel hydrogen chemistry to lead to these production efficiencies are presented.

Jones, Ken

1991-01-01

164

Miks on täna jõustuv Kyoto protokoll oluline? / Liisi Poll  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

1997. aastal vastu võetud Kyoto protokollist, selle üle toimunud läbirääkimistest, leppe ratifitseerimisest riikides. USA vastuseisust leppele. Autori sõnul peaks selleks, et lepe tõesti mõjus oleks, selle eesmärke veelgi karmistama ning seda ka arenguriikidele laiendama. Diagramm: Kasvuhoonegaaside kogused

Poll, Liisi, 1980-

2005-01-01

165

Center for Molecular Electronics, University of Missouri, St. Louis. Environmental Assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to authorize the University of Missouri, St. Louis to proceed with the detailed design and construction of the proposed Center for Molecular Electronics. The proposed Center would consist of laboratories and offices housed in a three-story building on the University campus. The proposed modular laboratories would be adaptable for research activities principally related to physics, chemistry, and electrical engineering. Proposed research would include the development and application of thin-film materials, semi-conductors, electronic sensors and devices, and high-performance polymers. Specific research for the proposed Center has not yet been formulated, therefore, specific procedures for any particular process or study cannot be described at this time. The proposed construction site is an uncontaminated panel of land located on the University campus. This report contains information about the environmental assessment that was performed in accordance with this project.

1994-06-01

166

Annual report of Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, for fiscal 1975  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Tandem Accelerator Center (TAC) is a research center of the University of Tsukuba established mainly for interdisciplinary research. Its principal apparatus is a 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator of which assembling was completed in fiscal 1975. Activities of the TAC for the period of April 1975 to March 1976 are reported: accelerator and beam transport system, general equipments, equipment development, and heavy-ion reactions. (Mori, K.)

167

The University of North Carolina Pain Center-I. Organization and Function  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The University of North Carolina Comprehensive Pain Center, which has been in existence since 1972, is a pain evaluation, treatment and research program based upon individual diagnosis, comprehensive evaluation, and individualized therapy. This is done within the framework of a concurrent program involving anesthesiologists, oral surgeons, neurosurgeons, psychiatrists, physicians from family medicine, clinical psychologists, social workers and specialized nurses. The Center is organized in bo...

Ghia, Jawahar N.; Gregg, John M.

1982-01-01

168

Klimawandel: Internationaler Emissionshandel nach den Regeln des Kyoto-Protokolls  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Die völkerrechtliche Vorlesung „ Internationaler Emissionshandel nach den Regeln des Kyoto- Protokolls“ - begleitet von einer Power Point Präsentation -stellt die These auf und führt den Nachweis, dass für den ab 01.Januar 2005 vorgesehenen Europäischen Emissionshandel sich ein faktisches völkerrechtlich verbindliches Normengefüge des Kyoto Protokolls von 1997 entwickelt hat, obwohl das Protokoll selbst im Januar 2004 noch nicht in Kraft getreten ist. Die Vorlesung fand auf Einlad...

Pletsch, Michael W.

2004-01-01

169

Past and Future of the Kyoto Protocol. Final report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present report reflects findings from a study on the realization of and prospects for the Kyoto Protocol. The purpose of the study was (1) to obtain insights into the factors that enabled the realization of the Kyoto Protocol, in particular the interactions among major parties involved; (2) to assess the future opportunities and threats of the Kyoto Protocol, in particular against the backdrop of an increasingly globalised world. The study was conducted from February up to December 2003 by (a) reviewing the literature, especially publications on the negotiation history of the Kyoto process, the social interactions enabling the realization of the Protocol, analyses of strengths and weaknesses, and future climate regimes; (b) conducting a series of interviews with representatives from government, academia, non-governmental organisations, and business, who have been - directly or indirectly - involved in the Kyoto process; (c) internal discussions,brainstorming and analysing the Protocol's strengths and weaknesses, possible future scenarios (including policy options), and the management of a possible failure of the Kyoto Protocol. The present report reflects and integrates the different sources. The first section deals with the past and the present. It discusses how the Kyoto Protocol could be realized despite the divergent interests, reflects on its architecture, and analyses major strengths and weaknesses. In the second section, we present possible future scenariostion, we present possible future scenarios. We explore how different combinations of domestic and international commitment provide possible realities that national government may face when crafting climate policy. The third section provides an in-depth analysis of the possible event that the Kyoto Protocol fails. We discuss its definition and policy implications. The final section is reserved for overall conclusions and policy recommendations

170

Determination of the service quality among sport and fitness centers of the selected universities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose of this study was to determine the service quality among sport and fitness centers of universities. Participants of the study were constituted of 484 (194 female and 290 male) persons who are students, academics and administrative staffs attending to sport and fitness centers of seven universities in Ankara. The mean age of the participants was 22.45 ± 5.14. The SQAS-T (The Turkish Version of the Service Quality Assessment Scale) was used as instrument. In the statistical analysis, d...

Murat Aslan; Settar Koc?ak, M.

2011-01-01

171

Meteor radar study of ionospheric wind at Kyoto  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes the results of meteor radar observations which have been carried out at Kyoto University since December, 1977. The radar, a coherent pulse doppler radar with a transmitting frequency of 31.57 MHz and a nominal peak power of 10 kW, is able to detect wind fields at meteor regions of 80 - 110 km. The solar semidiurnal tide generally dominates the wind oscillations at these heights, while a diurnal tide of comparable magnitude reveals itself in a less regular manner. Some anomalies in the amplitude and phase characteristics of the tides are shown, which might be related to a possible interaction with winds and waves, or to some disturbed conditions in the earth's atmosphere. Also planetary scale waves such as quasi-2-day oscillations and resonantly magnified gravity-mode waves have also been found there. Hence, the meteor radar, together with its cooperation with other observations, will helps us understand the dynamical process of atmospheric waves on a global scale. (author)

172

Emission Trading under the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report discusses the potential gains from emission trading and raises some crucial questions. It shows that the total costs of the Kyoto Protocol could be reduced by about 95% through emission trading. Emission trading is an option also in the domestic arenas. The governments of the Annex B countries may allocate emission quotas to local enterprises as emission permits. Thus new markets for greenhouse gas emission quotas may emerge, domestically and internationally. It is emphasized that emission trading at the national and international levels must be discussed separately. The Nordic governments, for example, will find several good reasons for supporting emission trading at the international level if not necessarily domestically. The Nordic countries have already implemented domestic taxes on CO{sub 2} emissions and this tax policy could be sustained while these governments support and take part in emission trading at the international level.The report also considers a possible side effect of emission trading: free emission trading among Annex B countries could reduce the total abatement compared to a non-tradable policy as a consequence of the fact that some of the countries that are in transition to a market economy may be given emission limitations above their business-as-usual emissions. 40 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs.

Holtsmark, Bjart; Hagem, Cathrine

1998-12-01

173

Climate economics: post-Kyoto tracks  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Commitments obtained by the Kyoto protocol will end in 2012. An impressive series of conferences - Bali (2007), Copenhagen (2009), Cancun (2010) to mention the main ones - were organised to prepare the post-2012 regime. Everything was supposed to be decided at the Copenhagen meeting but the state representatives came up against the obstacle. The pre-Copenhagen hope has given place to disillusion and has led to a turn-off towards a weekly coordinated regime which requires a strategic revision of approaches. This book presents the lessons learnt from the relative failure of these negotiations and proposes new paths for the future. It puts forward some strategic stakes that have to be taken into account for the future: the equity between very heterogeneous countries and populations, the industrial competitiveness, the carbon leaks and the violation of the most ambitious climate policies due to the heterogeneity of commitment levels, and the geopolitical reality. The world will have to live for a long time with heterogeneous carbon prices, themselves reflecting heterogeneous commitment levels. New modalities have to be defined which would manage to combine justice and efficiency. Two complementary paths are developed in this book: the establishing of adjustment mechanisms at borders and of international sectoral agreements. (J.S.)

174

Critical limits (alert values) for physician notification: universal or medical center specific limits?  

Science.gov (United States)

The concept of critical limits (alert values), defined as an imminent life threatening laboratory result requiring immediate physician notification, has been widely adopted as a standard of good laboratory practice. Although virtually all laboratories have tests with critical limits, surveys have shown that there is no universal alert value list. Recently, nine VA medical centers in the New England region, which now constitute one consolidated entity, were surveyed with the objective of summarizing critical limits. Universal (100 percent) critical limit tests for clinical chemistry were: Calcium; mean low/high, 6.5/12.4 mg/dL: Glucose 48/432 mg/dL: Potassium 2.8/6.1 mmol/L: Sodium 121/159 mmol/L. Universal hematology tests included: Hematocrit 22.2/59.7 percent: Platelet count 61K/983K: white blood count 1.9K/29K. Although there was universal agreement that abnormal coagulation tests (PT, PTT) should be included on the hematology critical limit list, there was wide variation in the reporting of coagulation tests (seconds and INR) and patient therapeutic status (anticoagulant or no-anticoagulant). Universal alert values for microbiology were: Positive blood culture: Positive cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) culture: Positive CSF Gram stain. There was no universal agreement regarding critically high (potentially toxic) therapeutic drugs, with two medical centers declining to notify physicians of any abnormally high therapeutic drug level. No other qualitative critical limits for other laboratory sections, such as physician notification of an unexpected malignancy (surgical pathology) were universal. Medical center specific critical limits, designed to meet the clinical needs of each facility, are the norm in the nine medical centers. Laboratories do need periodically to review their critical limit lists with appropriate clinical input to avoid including critical limits for laboratory tests not required for urgent physician notification and patient evaluation and treatment. PMID:9784826

Lum, G

1998-01-01

175

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE STUDENT POPULATION, UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA RESIDENT CENTER, HUNTSVILLE, ALABAMA.  

Science.gov (United States)

THE MAIN PURPOSE OF THIS 1959 SURVEY WAS TO ANALYZE SOME OF THE BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA RESIDENT CENTER, HUNTSVILLE. FINDINGS WERE TABULATED IN SUMMARY FORM AND BY MAJOR FIELDS OF ACADEMIC INTEREST. OF THE STUDENTS (LARGELY YOUNG ADULTS), 51 PERCENT WERE IN ENGINEERING. ONLY 16 PERCENT WERE FEMALE. MOST…

FRANKLIN, ELTON

176

Implementing the Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity in University Counseling Center Internships  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the potential contribution of the "Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity" (henceforth the "Values Statement") to predoctoral internship training programs housed in university counseling centers. The purpose of this article is to present recommendations for how to best implement the Values…

Illfelder-Kaye, Joyce; Lese-Fowler, Karen; Bursley, Kevin; Reyes, Elizabeth; Bieschke, Kathleen J.

2009-01-01

177

The Medical Library and Media Center of Keio University in Tokyo: report on a visit.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Medical Library and Media Center at Keio University in Tokyo offers many facilities to its users: access to medical information within a large catalog of monographs and journals, online searching and CD-ROM databases, and a dynamic interlibrary loan service. This article is a report of a professional visit to the library on September 30, 1993.

Accart, J. P.

1995-01-01

178

Primary Care Screening of Depression and Treatment Engagement in a University Health Center: A Retrospective Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: This retrospective study analyzed a primary care depression screening initiative in a large urban university health center. Depression detection, treatment status, and engagement data are presented. Participants: Participants were 3,713 graduate and undergraduate students who presented consecutively for primary care services between…

Klein, Michael C.; Ciotoli, Carlo; Chung, Henry

2011-01-01

179

The Learning Research and Development Center at the University of Pittsburgh.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Learning Research and Development Center, an institute composed of faculty from the University of Pittsburgh, has as its general purpose the scientific study of the problems of learning and instruction. Particular attention is given to the nature of the educational and psychological environment required to maximize the potential of the…

Yeager, John L.; Glaser, Robert

180

The Atlanta University Center: A Consortium-Based Dual Degree Engineering Program  

Science.gov (United States)

The Atlanta University Center (AUC) comprises five historically black colleges and a centralized library. All are separate institutions, each having its own board of directors, president, infrastructure, students, faculty, staff, and traditions. To encourage coordination of effort and resources, the AUC was formed and the first formal cooperative…

Jackson, Marilyn T.

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

A project for increasing the rate of participation in mammographic breast cancer screening in Kyoto prefecture to 50%  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The rate of participation in breast cancer screening carried out by inspection and palpation associated with mammography in Kyoto Prefecture has been still low. In order to decrease the rate of breast cancer death, a high rate of screening participation must be achieved. We have organized the Kyoto Executive Committee of Pink Ribbon Activity aiming at the goal of achieving a 50% rate of participation in mammography screening by the end of 2010, and undertaken the following campaign activities: performing free screening, distribution and display of posters and leaflets about breast cancer screening, cooperation with various media to spread educational and informative messages, cooperation with a commercial institute in Kyoto City to distribute useful information, performing free breast cancer screening, and holding public lecture meetings, distribution of leaflets at student festivals at universities and colleges in Kyoto, and holding a ''Pink Ribbon symposium'' in a cosponsored company. All the above projects were performed successfully and many participants attended. We will continue these activities until the 50% participation rate is achieved. (author)

182

The Influence of Lifestyle on Cardio-metabolic Risk in Students from Timisoara University Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study is a part of the activities in a cross border cooperation project that has proposed the management of obesity and cardiometabolic risk at students from Timisoara and Szeged university centres. The target group of Timisoara University Center was formed out of 600 students enrolled in the four major universities from Timisoara; target group students were questioned about their lifestyle and were evaluated anthropometric parameters, body composition and arterial stiffness; based on questionnaires was determine too the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and/or diabetes mellitus type II. Analysis of the results revealed the strong correlations between lifestyle and cardio-metabolic risk in these students.

Mihaela ORAVI?AN

2013-12-01

183

Just transition : a labour perspective on the Kyoto jobs debate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Communications, Energy and Paperworkers Union of Canada (CEP) represents workers in the oil, gas, petrochemicals, electricity, uranium and related industries. In a recent national convention in 2002, the CEP voted to support ratification of the Kyoto Protocol. The decision was made after an 18 month process that included research, debate, and a look at their responsibilities to defend members in addressing environmental issues. This paper presents a labour perspective of the impact of the Kyoto Accord and the Canada Climate Change Action Plan. It was emphasized that a broad social analysis is needed to understand the implications of climate change and the Kyoto Protocol on labour and society. The CEP seriously considered the claims made by the Canadian Manufacturers and Exporters Association which predicted major job losses resulting from ratification of Kyoto. It also examined the link between energy supplies and the opposition by some energy industries to the Kyoto Protocol. The CEP decided that responsibility to the environment must come before concerns over economic impacts on members, but by the same token did not accept claims of major job losses. The Analysis and Modeling Group of the National Climate Change Process has projected that 1.26 million new jobs will be created in Canada over the period 2002 to 2010, which is 60,000 less jobs than would have been created in the Business as Usual Scenario. It was emphasized that the impacts of Kyoto compliance on d that the impacts of Kyoto compliance on Canada will be modest in comparison with the normal activities of a trillion dollar economy. 5 refs., 1 tab

184

The Preparation of Master's-Level Professional Counselors for Positions in College and University Counseling Centers  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated college and university counseling center directors' perceptions of the adequacy of the preparation of master's-level counselors for work in college and university counseling centers. Results indicated that counselors were rated on average as prepared; however, many directors had concerns about counselors'…

Shaw, Brian M.; Remley, Theodore P., Jr.; Ward, Christine

2014-01-01

185

Carbon Sequestered, Carbon Displaced and the Kyoto Context  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The integrated system that embraces forest management, forest products, and land-use change impacts the global carbon cycle - and hence the net emission of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide - in four fundamental ways. Carbon is stored in living and dead biomass, carbon is stored in wood products and landfills, forest products substitute in the market place for products made from other materials, and forest harvests can be used wholly or partially to displace fossil fuels in the energy sector. Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change would result in the creation of international markets for carbon dioxide emissions credits, but the current Kyoto text does not treat all carbon identically. We have developed a carbon accounting model, GORCAM, to examine a variety of scenarios for land management and the production of forest products. In this paper we explore, for two simple scenarios of forest management, the carbon flows that occur and how these might be accounted for under the Kyoto text. The Kyoto protocol raises questions about what activities can result in emissions credits, which carbon reservoirs will be counted, who will receive the credits, and how much credit will be available? The Kyoto Protocol would sometimes give credits for carbon sequestered, but it would always give credits when fossil-fuel carbon dioxide emissions are displaced

186

Carbon Sequestered, Carbon Displaced and the Kyoto Context  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The integrated system that embraces forest management, forest products, and land-use change impacts the global carbon cycle - and hence the net emission of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide - in four fundamental ways. Carbon is stored in living and dead biomass, carbon is stored in wood products and landfills, forest products substitute in the market place for products made from other materials, and forest harvests can be used wholly or partially to displace fossil fuels in the energy sector. Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change would result in the creation of international markets for carbon dioxide emissions credits, but the current Kyoto text does not treat all carbon identically. We have developed a carbon accounting model, GORCAM, to examine a variety of scenarios for land management and the production of forest products. In this paper we explore, for two simple scenarios of forest management, the carbon flows that occur and how these might be accounted for under the Kyoto text. The Kyoto protocol raises questions about what activities can result in emissions credits, which carbon reservoirs will be counted, who will receive the credits, and how much credit will be available? The Kyoto Protocol would sometimes give credits for carbon sequestered, but it would always give credits when fossil-fuel carbon dioxide emissions are displaced.

Marland, G.; Schlamadinger, B.

1999-04-18

187

Center for Nuclear Medicine Research in Alzheimer`s Disease Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University. Environmental Assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Environmental Assessment (EA) of the Center for Nuclear Medicine Research in Alzheimer`s Disease (CNMR) at the Health Sciences Center, at West Virginia University in Morgantown, West Virginia for the construction and operation was prepared by DOE. The EA documents analysis of the environmental and socioeconomic impacts that might occur as a result of these actions, and characterizes potential impacts on the environment. In the EA, DOE presents its evaluation of potential impacts of construction and operation of the CNMR on health and safety of both workers and the public, as well as on the external environment. Construction impacts include the effects of erosion, waste disposal, air emissions, noise, and construction traffic and parking. Operational impacts include the effects of waste generation (domestic, sanitary, hazardous, medical/biological, radioactive and mixed wastes), radiation exposures, air emissions (radioactive, criteria, and air toxics), noise, and new workers. No sensitive resources (wetlands, special sources of groundwater, protected species) exist in the area of project effect.

1994-04-01

188

Possibilities and conditions for joint implementation after Kyoto; Muligheter og betingelser for felles gjennomfoering etter Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report discusses the consequences of the Kyoto Protocol for joint implementation projects. These are projects where actors from one country funds measures that give reduced emissions of climate gases in another country (host country). The investor may use the reduction obtained to meet his own climate commitment. The report discusses some of the main types of such projects, surveys current prices of joint implementation projects and the main categories of host countries. The report tries to give a general impression of joint implementation projects rather than to give details of individual projects. It is pointed out that there are still many unanswered questions around joint implementations and a strong need for the development of rules and procedures. Forest projects seem to be economically competitive with industrial projects, but this may change with time. 33 refs., 3 figs., 8 tabs.

Ringius, Lasse; Naess, Lars Otto; Torvanger, Asbjoern

1998-11-01

189

Evaluation of Courses and Programs Offered Under the Auspices of Wayne State University and the University of Michigan at the University Center for Adult Education, Detroit, Michigan.  

Science.gov (United States)

By use of interviews, questionnaires, and observation, the courses and programs offered by the University Center for Adult Education, in Detroit, were evaluated. The courses concerned Communication and Language Art, Environment, Practical Economics, Behavioral Science, Technology, Extension Courses, and Special Events. Evaluation findings show…

Dada, Paul O. A.

190

Research and educational initiatives at the Syracuse University Center for Hypersonics  

Science.gov (United States)

The Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Manufacturing Engineering and the Northeast Parallel Architectures Center of Syracuse University have been funded by NASA to establish a program to educate young engineers in the hypersonic disciplines. This goal is being achieved through a comprehensive five-year program that includes elements of undergraduate instruction, advanced graduate coursework, undergraduate research, and leading-edge hypersonics research. The research foci of the Syracuse Center for Hypersonics are three-fold; high-temperature composite materials, measurements in turbulent hypersonic flows, and the application of high-performance computing to hypersonic fluid dynamics.

Spina, E.; Lagraff, J.; Davidson, B.; Bogucz, E.; Dang, T.

1995-01-01

191

Asian School of Urology, Young Leaders' Workshop, Kyoto 2010.  

Science.gov (United States)

PREFACE: As part of the 20th Anniversary Celebration of the Urological Association of Asia (UAA), the Asian School of Urology, Young Leaders' Workshop was held in Kyoto, 23-25 April 2010. The workshop focused on future national Asian leaders in the field of Urology and was arranged by the Asian School of Urology (ASU), an educational branch of the UAA, and Dr Osamu Ogawa, the workshop Organizer. Urologists from several Japanese universities contributed to the workshop as advisors, taskforce members, and group members. The workshop was also actively supported by Dr Allen Chiu (Taiwan) and Dr Stephen Lim (Singapore). A younger generation of urologists was invited to attend the workshop and, in all, 29 delegates from 17 countries (Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam), chosen on the basis of recommendations from local councils, attended. The purpose of the workshop was to open channels of communication between future Asian leaders in Urology. The workshop topic was "Asian Clinical Guidelines". Workshop participants were divided into five groups addressing distinct issues associated with the notion of clinical guidelines: Group A, General Problems; Group B, Prostate Cancer; Group C, Stone Disease; Group D, Infectious Diseases; and Group E, Bladder Cancer. The workshop consisted of an introductory session, followed by three main sessions, each of which consisted of a group discussion of specific problems associated with the establishment of Asian Guidelines for Urological Diseases and how best to deal with them, followed by a plenary presentation of the outcomes. PMID:21198942

Ogawa, Osamu

2011-01-01

192

Asian Universities' Collaboration for Advanced Environmental Engineering via Simultaneous Distant Learning Classes Using Video Playback  

Science.gov (United States)

Three international simultaneous lectures of the post graduate level in the field of environmental science and engineering are under preparation in Kyoto University. They are planned to be opened in three Asian universities (Tsinghua University in China, University of Malaya in Malaysia, and Kyoto University in Japan) as formal courses. The contents of the lectures, purpose of the project and technical problems are reported.

Araki, Mituhiko; Nakamura, Yuichi; Fujii, Shigeo; Tsuno, Hiroshi

193

Report: demonstrable progresses of the France according the Kyoto protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document constitutes the report of the France on the demonstrable progresses according the application of the 3 article of the Kyoto protocol. The first chapter is a description of the french climatic policy, as the second presents the tendencies and the projections concerning the greenhouse effect gases emissions. The chapter 3 details the policies effects and the measures ( energy, transport, industry and wastes). The last chapter is devoted to the respect of the other engagements articles 10 and 11 of the Kyoto protocol. (A.L.B.)

194

Kyoto protocol and its implementation in pakistan: hurdles and expectations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 1997 Kyoto protocol was adopted at the third session of Conference of the parties of UNFCC in Kyoto, Japan. This protocol restricts the industrialized countries and those in transition to a market economy agreed to limit or reduce their emissions. In Pakistan the government is also taking steps to reduce the pollution. This paper discusses the possible low carbon emitting electricity generation options by keeping in view the current energy scenario of Pakistan and the new energy policy announced by the Government of Pakistan for renewable energy promotion. (author)

195

Establishment of a university academic spine center: from concept to reality.  

Science.gov (United States)

In fewer than five years, the University of Kansas Hospital Spine Center became the largest and most comprehensive spine care facility in the greater metropolitan Kansas City area. The 22,000-square-foot facility has 27 exam rooms, four specialized diagnostic rooms, 11 pre-/post-interventional procedure rooms, and a 4000-square-foot outpatient rehabilitation gym. Patients can meet with their physicians, undergo diagnostic tests and treatment, and attend therapy sessions in one location. The multidisciplinary Spine Center brings together orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, neurologists, physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians, psychiatrists, psychologists, pain-management anesthesiologists, radiologists, and physical and occupational therapists. The Spine Center became successful because a group of physicians bought into the philosophy of a comprehensive interdisciplinary program, were willing to sacrifice some territorial claims, and were willing to put patient care and the good of the institution above individual egos. PMID:23547494

Arnold, Paul M; Burton, Douglas C; Khan, Talal W; Dixon, Kimberly A; Asher, Marc A; Varghese, George

2013-01-01

196

Experience with multimodality telepathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Several modes of telepathology exist including static (store-and-forward), dynamic (live video streaming or robotic microscopy), and hybrid technology involving whole slide imaging (WSI). Telepathology has been employed at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) for over a decade at local, national, and international sites. All modes of telepathology have been successfully utilized to exploit our institutions subspecialty expertise and to compete for pathology services. This articl...

Pantanowitz, Liron; Wiley, Clayton A.; Demetris, Anthony; Lesniak, Andrew; Ahmed, Ishtiaque; Cable, William; Contis, Lydia; Parwani, Anil V.

2012-01-01

197

Risk of colon perforation during colonoscopy at Baylor University Medical Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Colonoscopy is an important procedure in preventing colon cancer. The risk of colonic perforation during colonoscopy at the Baylor University Medical Center (BUMC) Gastrointestinal Laboratory was chosen as a surrogate marker for the safety of colonoscopy. A recent 2-year experience at BUMC was examined and compared with reports in the medical literature. The results are presented here along with a discussion of problems inherent with different health care systems and their ability to accurate...

Polter, Daniel E.

2015-01-01

198

Burns at the Soroka University Medical Center - a Two-Year Experience  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background. Burn trauma is a major public health concern, with increased risk for burns in children. Objectives. To characterize the profile of injured burn patients and to identify patients who are prone to burn injury. Methods. This is a cross-sectional study including all patients who were admitted to the Burns and Plastic Surgery Department, Soroka University Medical Center, Israel, between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2002. Results. Five hundred and fifty-eight patients...

Gurfinkel, R.; Cohen, A. D.; Glezinger, R.; Krieger, Y.; Yancolevich, N.; Rosenberg, L.

2007-01-01

199

The Center of Excellence for Hypersonics Training and Research at the University of Texas at Austin  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the period of this grant (1986-92), 23 graduate students were supported by the Center and received education and training in hypersonics through MS and Ph.D. programs. An additional 8 Ph.D. candidates and 2 MS candidates, with their own fellowship support, were attracted to The University of Texas and were recruited into the hypersonics program because of the Center. Their research, supervised by the 10 faculty involved in the Center, resulted in approximately 50 publications and presentations in journals and at national and international technical conferences. To provide broad-based training, a new hypersonics curriculum was created, enabling students to take 8 core classes in theoretical, computational, and experimental hypersonics, and other option classes over a two to four semester period. The Center also developed an active continuing education program. The Hypersonics Short Course was taught 3 times, twice in the USA and once in Europe. Approximately 300 persons were attracted to hear lectures by more than 25 of the leading experts in the field. In addition, a hypersonic aerodynamics short course was offered through AIAA, as well as short courses on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and advanced CFD. The existence of the Center also enabled faculty to leverage a substantial volume of additional funds from other agencies, for research and graduate student training. Overall, this was a highly successful and highly visible program.

Dolling, David S.

1993-01-01

200

The Physics Learning Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison  

Science.gov (United States)

The Physics Learning Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison provides academic support and small-group supplemental instruction to students studying introductory algebra-based and calculus-based physics. These classes are gateway courses for majors in the biological and physical sciences, pre-health fields, engineering, and secondary science education. The Physics Learning Center offers supplemental instruction groups twice weekly where students can discuss concepts and practice with problem-solving techniques. The Center also provides students with access on-line resources that stress conceptual understanding, and to exam review sessions. Participants in our program include returning adults, people from historically underrepresented racial/ethnic groups, students from families in lower-income circumstances, students in the first generation of their family to attend college, transfer students, veterans, and people with disabilities, all of whom might feel isolated in their large introductory course and thus have a more difficult time finding study partners. We also work with students potentially at-risk for having academic difficulty (due to factors academic probation, weak math background, low first exam score, or no high school physics). A second mission of the Physics Learning Center is to provide teacher training and leadership experience for undergraduate Peer Mentor Tutors. These Peer Tutors lead the majority of the weekly group sessions in close supervision by PLC staff members. We will describe our work to support students in the Physics Learning Center, including our teacher-training program for our undergraduate Peer Mentor Tutors

Nossal, S. M.; Watson, L. E.; Hooper, E.; Huesmann, A.; Schenker, B.; Timbie, P.; Rzchowski, M.

2013-03-01

 
 
 
 
201

Making it work: Kyoto, trade and politics : Executive summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this document, the author examines the constraints that would be placed on policy makers in the event of the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, and how it would affect trade agreements and federalism in Canada. A description of the Protocol and the concessions (carbon sinks and international emissions trading) gained by Canada are presented at the beginning of the document. The author offers several conclusions that could disturb both proponents and opponents of the Kyoto Protocol. It is said that the implementation of Kyoto can take a route other than that of drastic domestic emissions reductions, and this position is explored in the second section. The author indicates that corporate competitiveness could be boosted by strict environmental regulations. A range of policies that could be adopted by Canada, as proposed by numerous organizations, are highlighted in the third section of the document. The point of the World Trade Organization and the constraints imposed are not necessarily preventing all types of actions. However, the author is of the opinion that the North America Free Trade Agreement represents a real threat to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Finally, it is indicated that Canada requires a national electricity policy, where big hydro utilities and public investment have major roles to play.

Urquhar, I.

2002-11-01

202

Costs and results of the implementation of the Kyoto Mechanisms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Unrestricted use of the Kyoto Mechanisms yields substantial cost savings on the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Annex-I emission trading can cut compliance costs by more than a third while global trading can further reduce costs to a fraction of the amount without emission trading. In absolute terms, emission trading may reduce compliance costs up to $300 billion and bring down the permit price below $5 t/CO2. Restricting the use of the Kyoto Mechanisms, such as ceiling on the sales or purchases of emission permits wipes out a substantial part of these cost savings. A ceiling on permits sales has probably a larger impact on emission trading than limiting purchases; mainly the buyers suffer since they have to pay more for emission permits as well as take more expensive domestic measures to reduce emissions. The EU-proposal for a ceiling on both permit sales and purchases favours the USA but harms the EU, a result opposite the negotiating positions of both parties on this subject. Market power and market segmentation also imply limiting the flexibility of emission trading and hence increase compliance costs. The Kyoto Mechanisms have a strong but varying impact on carbon leakage. Without emission trading, carbon leakage is about 10-20% but since Annex-I trading lowers the permit price, the impact on energy prices is lower and hence carbon leakage is only 3-7%. CDM on the other hand increases carbon leakage to 30-40%

203

Making it work: Kyoto, trade and politics : Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this document, the author examines the constraints that would be placed on policy makers in the event of the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, and how it would affect trade agreements and federalism in Canada. A description of the Protocol and the concessions (carbon sinks and international emissions trading) gained by Canada are presented at the beginning of the document. The author offers several conclusions that could disturb both proponents and opponents of the Kyoto Protocol. It is said that the implementation of Kyoto can take a route other than that of drastic domestic emissions reductions, and this position is explored in the second section. The author indicates that corporate competitiveness could be boosted by strict environmental regulations. A range of policies that could be adopted by Canada, as proposed by numerous organizations, are highlighted in the third section of the document. The point of the World Trade Organization and the constraints imposed are not necessarily preventing all types of actions. However, the author is of the opinion that the North America Free Trade Agreement represents a real threat to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Finally, it is indicated that Canada requires a national electricity policy, where big hydro utilities and public investment have major roles to play

204

Publications of the University of Karlsruhe (T.H.) and the Nuclear Research Center Karlsruhe 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the 14th volume of the joint list of publications of the University of Karlsruhe (T.H.), the Nuclear Research Center Karlsruhe and some institutions which are closely linked to the University. It contains the publications of the year 1981 as well as some addenda from 1980. Included were books and journals, journal articles and contributions from compilations, research reports, dissertations and habilitation theses which were written or published by these institutions, their bodies and institutes as well as their teachers and scientific staff, and also patents. Not included were, as a rule, diploma theses, newspaper articles, reviews, internal reports and bulletins. The list of publications from University is mainly based on entries made by the institutes and chairs; its completeness can not be granted here. (orig./RW)

205

The center for plant and microbial complex carbohydrates at the University of Georgia Complex Carbohydrate Research Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research from the Complex Carbohydrates Research Center at the University of Georgia is presented. Topics include: Structural determination of soybean isoflavones which specifically induce Bradyrhizobium japonicum nodD1 but not the nodYABCSUIJ operon; structural analysis of the lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) from symbiotic mutants of Bradyrhizobium japonicum; structural characterization of lipooligosaccharides from Bradyrhizobium japonicum that are required for the specific nodulation of soybean; structural characterization of the LPSs from R. Leguminosarum biovar phaseoli, the symbiont of bean; characterization of bacteroid-specific LPS epitopes in R. leguminosarum biovar viciae; analysis of the surface polysaccharides of Rhizobium meliloti mutants whose lipopolysaccharides and extracellular polysaccharides can have the same function in symbiosis; characterization of a polysaccharide produced by certain Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains within soybean nodules; structural analysis of a streptococcal adhesin polysaccharide receptor; conformational studies of xyloglucan, the role of the fucosylated side chain in surface-specific cellulose-xyloglucan interactions; the structure of an acylated glucosamine oligosaccharide signal molecule (nod factor) involved in the symbiosis of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae with its host Vicia sativa; investigating membrane responses induced by oligogalacturonides in cultured cells; the polygalacturonase inhibitor protein; characterization of the self-incompatability glycoproteins from Petunia hybrida; investigation of the cell wall polysaccharide structures of Arabidopsis thaliana; and the glucan inhibition of virus infection of tabacco.

Albersheim, P.; Darvill, A.

1991-08-01

206

Ocean iron fertilization in the context of the Kyoto protocol and the post-Kyoto process  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ocean iron fertilization is currently discussed as a potential measure to mitigate climate change by enhancing oceanic CO2 uptake. Its mitigation potential is not yet well explored, and carbon offsets generated through iron fertilization activities could currently not be traded on regulated carbon markets. Still, commercial interests in ocean iron fertilization already exist, which underlines the need to investigate a possible regulatory framework for it. To this end, I first discuss important basic aspects of ocean iron fertilization, namely its scientific background, quantitative potential, side effects, and costs. In a second step, I review regulatory aspects connected to ocean iron fertilization, like its legal status and open access issues. Moreover, I analyze how the regulations for afforestation and reforestation activities within the framework of the Kyoto Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) could be applied to ocean iron fertilization. Main findings are that the quantitative potential of ocean iron fertilization is limited, that costs are higher than initially hoped, and that potential adverse side effects are severe. Moreover, the legal status of ocean iron fertilization is currently not well defined, open access might cause inefficiencies, and the CDM regulations could not be easily applied to ocean iron fertilization.

207

Reconstruction of pneumatic irradiation facility in Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There are three pneumatic sub-facilities in KUR allowing simultaneous irradiation of three samples. The Pn facility is sub-divided as follows, hot cave room (Pn-1), junior cave room (Pn-2), chemical laboratory (Pn-3). The capsule to be tested is sent into the KUR core, via the Pn facility by CO2 gas pressure and irradiated by neutrons and gamma rays in the KUR core. After irradiation, the capsule returns to the desired Pn station by similar means. The dispatch-return mechanism for the capsules was altered during this reconstruction. One major alteration in the system was the replacement of the one machine used for dispatch and return, by two machines for despatch and return. In consequence of this new design, the dispatch machine has a capsule setting box, and the return machine has a return ball valve. The electric circuitry for this system was improved at this time. A new emergency return circuit was added, and the photodetector system that indicated the insertion of the capsule into the core was refined. In addition, the CO2 gas tank, use for the capsule propulsion, was transfered from the reactor basement to the rear area of the hot laboratory. This was done to facilitate easy access to the gas tank for future repressurization of low CO2 gas tank pressures. (author)

208

Annual review of Plasma Physics Laboratory, Kyoto University, April, 1983  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The devices for additionally heating joul-heated plasma in the Heliotron E, such as electron cyclotron resonance heating and neutral beam injection, were in operation in 1982. In the ECRH experiment, the microwaves of 200 kW at 28 GHz were generated by a gyrotron, but the pulse width was extended from 10 ms to 40 ms this year. By this, a currentless plasma of Te-1 keV was achieved. In the NB1 experiment, the neutral beam of about 1.5 MW was injected into joule-heated plasma, and the plasma of Ti(O)-950 eV, Te(O)-800 eV and Ne = 3 x 1019/m3 was attained. The first experiment to inject neutral beam into ECRH currentless plasma was carried out. By this method, the density of the plasma increased as well as the ion temperature and electron temperature. As to the theory, a critical beta was calculated by using stellarator expansion, which should be 3 to 7 % in the Heliotron E. Two gyrotrons of 200 kW at 53 GHz each and an ion cyclotron resonance heating equipment of 1.5 MW at 26.7 MHz are prepared. As to the reactor study, the design of Heliotron H in the first phase was completed. The location of impurity sources in NB1 ion sources and beam lines was found. (Kako, I.)

209

Annual review of Plasma Physics Laboratory, Kyoto University, July, 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The construction of the Heliotron E was completed in June, 1980. After the preliminary examination for two months and the improvement of the power supply, the Joule heating experiment was carried out from September, 1980, to January, 1981. The experiment of electron cyclotron resonance heating was also carried out in January, 1981. Then, experiment was stopped to install the neutral beam injection apparatus. The results obtained by both experiments are reported. The target may be attained by producing high density plasma with low plasma current, and heating the plasma by NBI additionally. In the ECRH experiment, plasma was produced and heated successfully without Joule heating current, by the Gyrotron with 200 kW power output. The favorable results of the confinement experiment with current-free plasma indicate the possibility of a stationary fusion reactor of Heliotron type. The Heliotron magnetic field configuration was proposed in 1959, and since then, the experiments of Heliotron A, B, C, D and DM were carried out in succession. Now, the purpose of the experiment to prove the principle is being achieved with Heliotron E. Hope is placed on the NBI experiment in preparation. (Kako, I.)

210

Columbia University Medical Center researchers find that a new computational approach finds gene that drives aggressive brain cancer  

Science.gov (United States)

Columbia University Medical Center researchers have combined existing computational tools with a new algorithm called DIGGIT, which 'walks' backward from the master regulators to find the genetic events that drive brain cancer.

211

Costs and results of the implementation of the Kyoto Mechanisms; Kosten en gevolgen bij de toepassing van de Kyoto Mechanismen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Unrestricted use of the Kyoto Mechanisms yields substantial cost savings on the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Annex-I emission trading can cut compliance costs by more than a third while global trading can further reduce costs to a fraction of the amount without emission trading. In absolute terms, emission trading may reduce compliance costs up to $300 billion and bring down the permit price below $5 t/CO2. Restricting the use of the Kyoto Mechanisms, such as ceiling on the sales or purchases of emission permits wipes out a substantial part of these cost savings. A ceiling on permits sales has probably a larger impact on emission trading than limiting purchases; mainly the buyers suffer since they have to pay more for emission permits as well as take more expensive domestic measures to reduce emissions. The EU-proposal for a ceiling on both permit sales and purchases favours the USA but harms the EU, a result opposite the negotiating positions of both parties on this subject. Market power and market segmentation also imply limiting the flexibility of emission trading and hence increase compliance costs. The Kyoto Mechanisms have a strong but varying impact on carbon leakage. Without emission trading, carbon leakage is about 10-20% but since Annex-I trading lowers the permit price, the impact on energy prices is lower and hence carbon leakage is only 3-7%. CDM on the other hand increases carbon leakage to 30-40%. [Dutch] Onbeperkte toepassing van de Kyoto Mechanismen kan de kosten van uitvoering van het Kyoto Protocol substantieel verlagen. Vrije emissiehandel tussen Annex-I landen vermindert de kosten met meer dan een derde terwijl mondiale emissiehandel de kosten substantieel verder doet dalen tot een fractie van het bedrag wanneer landen hun Kyoto-doelen op eigen kracht moeten halen. In absolute termen kunnen de totale kosten door mondiale handel tot $300 miljard worden verminderd. De prijs van emissie-eenheden ligt tussen $7 en $25 per ton CO2 bij Annex-I handel en onder de $5 per ton CO2 bij mondiale handel. Beperkingen op de toepassing van de Kyoto Mechanismen, zoals plafonds op aan- en verkopen van emissie-eenheden, impliceren echter hogere kosten om aan het Kyoto Protocol te voldoen. Een handelsplafond op verkopen is mogelijk meer van invloed omdat de gevolgen eerder merkbaar zijn. Vooral de vragers zullen hierbij de nadelen ervaren omdat zij zowel een hogere prijs op de emissiemarkt moeten betalen als meer en duurdere binnenlandse maatregelen moeten treffen. Het EU-voorstel voor een plafond op zowel aan- als verkopen werkt in het voordeel van de USA en het nadeel van de EU, een resultaat dat tegengesteld is aan de onderhandelingsposities die beide partijen hierover innemen. Ook marktmacht en marktsegmentatie betekenen een beperking op vrije emissiehandel en dus hogere kosten. De Kyoto Mechanismen hebben een sterke maar wisselende invloed op het CO2-weglekeffect. Zonder handel bedraagt dit effect 10-20%, maar Annex-I handel verlaagt dit tot 3-7% omdat de lagere prijs van emissie-eenheden de doorwerking op de energieprijs verkleint. Het CDM daarentegen vergroot het weglek-effect tot 30-40%.

De Moor, A.O.G.; Bollen, J.C.

2001-05-01

212

Non-Kyoto Radiative Forcing in Long-Run Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Climate Change Scenarios  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Climate policies designed to achieve climate change objectives must consider radiative forcing from the Kyoto greenhouse gas, as well as other forcing constituents, such as aerosols and tropospheric ozone. Net positive forcing leads to global average temperature increases. Modeling of non-Kyoto forcing is a relatively new component of climate management scenarios. Five of the nineteen models in the EMF-27 Study model both Kyoto and non-Kyoto forcing. This paper describes and assesses current non-Kyoto radiative forcing modeling within these integrated assessment models. The study finds negative forcing from aerosols masking significant positive forcing in reference non-climate policy projections. There are however large differences across models in projected non-Kyoto emissions and forcing, with differences stemming from differences in relationships between Kyoto and non-Kyoto emissions and fundamental differences in modeling structure and assumptions. Air pollution and non-Kyoto forcing decline in the climate policy scenarios. However, non-Kyoto forcing appears to be influencing mitigation results, including allowable carbon dioxide emissions, and further evaluation is merited. Overall, there is substantial uncertainty related to non-Kyoto forcing that must be considered.

Rose, Steven K.; Richels, Richard G.; Smith, Steven J.; Riahi, Keywan; Stefler, Jessica; Van Vuuren, Detlef

2014-04-27

213

Program Director for the Industry University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) Program, ENG/EEC (Open Until Filled)  

Science.gov (United States)

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 4201 WILSON BOULEVARD ARLINGTON, VA 22230 Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) Program Director Employment Opportunities -- Dear Colleague Letter Date: November 15, 2004 Dear Colleague: The Division of Engineering Education and Centers (EEC) announce a nationwide search for a qualified candidate to fill a Program Director position for the Industry University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) Program at the National Science Foundation (NSF).

214

The Emergence of University-Based Education Policy Centers. ERIC/CEM Trends and Issues Series, Number 2.  

Science.gov (United States)

A closeup look is provided of a trend in the field of educational policy in the 1980's: the establishment of university-based centers that have a mission of providing state policymakers with nonpartisan, reliable data on education policy options. The development and characteristics of education policy centers are examined. The first section…

McCarthy, Martha M.; Hall, Gayle C.

215

Ambulatory Research and Education Center Oregon Health Science University. Environmental Assesment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-0921) evaluating the proposed construction and operation of the Ambulatory Research and Education Center (AREC), which would be located on the top seven floors of the existing NeuroSensory Research Center (NRC) on the campus of the Oregon Health Sciences University (OHSU) at Portland, Oregon. The proposed action would combine activities scattered across the campus into a central facility. Based on the analysis in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969, 42 USC 4321 et seq. Therefore, an environmental impact statement (EIS) is not required and the Department is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

1994-03-21

216

Integrating Student-Centered Learning in Finance Courses: The Case of a Malaysian Research University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The student-centered learning (SCL approach is an approach to education that focuses on learners and their needs, rather than relying upon the input of the teacher's. The present paper examines how the SCL approach is integrated as a learner-centered paradigm into finance courses offered at a business school in a research university in Malaysia. Specifically, this paper identifies how a learner-centered environment is integrated into teaching methods, learning activities and evaluation tools. Since the adoption of the SCL approach is partly to cater for the needs of the research university, the analysis of the courses is supported with responses from the respective lecturers. This study finds that the lecturers of the five courses examined have used active/interactive learning and group project approaches as standard teaching methods under the SCL approach which includes projects, class discussion and presentation. Alongside these standard methods, some of the courses use additional methods under the SCL approach, including real life experiential learning and case studies. For example, students of the Investment and Portfolio Analysis course are exposed to the real world investment decision making by investing funds in selected stocks listed on Bursa Malaysia. In terms of course evaluations, the courses place greater weight on continuous assessment based on group projects and presentations, while reduce the emphasis on examinations. Overall, implementing the SCL approach requires a careful design of the learning process, which includes the classroom setting; flexibility of the curriculum; teaching methods; evaluation policies; and course content. In general, the study demonstrates that SCL has great potential to function as an effective learning tool in an environment where the labor market demands generically skilled job candidates and in which universities are demanding further resources to be devoted to efforts relating to research and publications.

Hawati Janor

2013-05-01

217

Climate Change and Politics: The US Abandons Kyoto  

Science.gov (United States)

Last week, the Bush administration announced that it would not sign the Kyoto Protocol, provoking harsh criticism around the world and in the US. Immediately following the Bush announcement, the Senate voted against Bush's wish to cut funding for climate change programs. The Kyoto Protocol, a 1997 addition to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, is an international agreement that seeks to curb global warming through several means, primarily by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases on a country-specific basis. Although a signed treaty would need to be ratified in order to take effect -- a big step which all parties agree contains uncertainty -- the important first step is to sign the treaty. Quite simply, without the Kyoto Protocol, there seems to be little domestic action to decrease greenhouse gas emissions, and no coordinated global approach. The countries that have signed the Protocol have made a public commitment to the future global environment by agreeing to impose unpopular restrictions on polluters at home. The Bush administration, however, has refused to sign, seeking a different "proactive solution" which currently exempts the US from regulation (the details of that proactive solution have yet to be revealed). Meanwhile, the Bush administration is justifying self-exemption in several ways: first, by highlighting the debate over whether global warming exists (a debate that many in the scientific community have abandoned, agreeing that global warming is indeed real, though its causes have yet to be established). Second, by claiming that existing US forests should exempt the US from regulatory actions because trees "soak up" unwanted greenhouse gases. One problem that the 84 nations/ signatories have with the US proposal is that it seems like a non-proposal; scientific experiments suggest that trees alone cannot curb global warming and that reductions in current emission levels are absolutely necessary (but can only be accomplished through strong political will). Perhaps more significantly, the refusal of the most powerful nation on earth to commit to the Kyoto Protocol, in contrast to the commitments of others, has sparked strong resentment abroad and from some US groups. The recognition that global warming could wreak havoc on earth's ecosystems (through sea level rise, spread of disease, unfavorable climate for agriculture, etc.) has led current signatories of the Protocol to seek new measures and greater flexibility, in order to encourage the US to sign. But the future of the Kyoto Protocol, and indeed, the willingness of nations to cooperate in a global effort to reduce pollution, is uncertain. This week's In The News takes a look at the recent events and provides background information on the Kyoto Protocol and the science behind global warming.

Payne, Laura X.

218

Submission to the British Columbia government on the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Business Council provided its comments concerning the Kyoto Protocol and climate change to the government of British Columbia, recommending that a clear position be established quickly on the matter. The adopted position should also be disseminated broadly to allow stake holders sufficient time to prepare for the upcoming meetings of the Joint Ministers and First Ministers. The federal government has announced that the decision on whether to ratify the Kyoto Protocol will be made before the end of 2002, and this decision will have numerous effects on the people of British Columbia, businesses, workers, and consumers alike. The Business Council of British Columbia believes that the unique interests of the province can best be protected by a proactive approach. Actions plans are being prepared by several of the other provinces and territories, who have already stated their position concerning the Kyoto Protocol. The long-term risks of climate change for British Columbia have not been determined nor have the elements of a provincial approach. The following elements should be included in British Columbia's position on the Kyoto Protocol, according to the Business Council of British Columbia: (1) a credible and cost-effective implementation plan that does not unduly burden the province and other jurisdictions must be developed before Canada decides to ratify the Protocol. British Columbia should go on the record stating it does not support the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in its present form. (2) the province should advocate for a national approach to climate change that can be achieved within a reasonable time frame, reflects the long-term nature of the problem, and is in agreement with the economic development objectives of British Columbia, (3) a plan detailing how the province intends to deal with the growth of greenhouse gas emissions should supplement and support the position of the province on the Kyoto Protocol. Consumers and business should be engaged in the development of measures to reduce the intensity of emissions of the province's economy.

NONE

2002-09-01

219

University of California -- Davis: Fruit and Nut Research and Information Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The Fruit and Nut Research and Information Center (FNRIC) aids in the "coordination and dissemination of University of California (UC) research-based information, accomplishments, and statewide research and extension activities related to fruit and nut crops." The site contains a wide variety of information for many fruits and nuts including avocados, macadamia nuts, strawberries, and walnuts -- just to name a few. Most of the individual crop pages link to a handful of general publications as well as information about production management, production economics, meetings, related organizations, and more. The site also links to sections for UCCE Pomology Farm Advisor Newsletters and Publications, Pomology Weather Services, California Backyard Orchard services, and related links.

220

Taking a Stand as a Student-Centered Research University: Active and Collaborative Learning Meets Scholarship of Teaching at the University of Alabama  

Science.gov (United States)

This article introduces the University of Alabama, outlines efforts in the scholarship of teaching and active and collaborative learning, and describes plans for continuing the instructional focus as a student-centered research university, where teaching is viewed as a scholarly activity and students are actively engaged in their learning.

Bonner, Judy

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

From Kyoto to The Hague. European perspectives on making the Kyoto Protocol work  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Results are presented of the second EFIEA Climate Policy workshop, which was held under the auspices of the European Forum on Integrated Environmental Assessment (EFIEA), financed by the Dutch National Research Programme on Climate Change and Global Air Pollution (NRP or NOP/MLK, abbreviated in Dutch), and hosted by the National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection (RIVM). The EFIEA is a concerted action of the Environment and Climate Programme of the Research Directorate of the European Commission. It is an initiative to improve the current practice of the International Energy Agency (IEA) by means of a network of some 50 European research groups, policy advisers, stakeholders and decision-makers. The aim of the Forum is to strengthen the science-policy interface. In the workshop the focus was on the issues relevant for reaching agreement on the Kyoto Protocol. The findings are particularly relevant for the meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework on Climate Change (COP-6 in The Hague, November 2000). This summary report discusses the most controversial policy questions; it presents consensus views as well as the conflicting issues. It concludes with new perspectives on European Leadership in international climate policies. The report highlights the main arguments and findings from the European research community, it addresses specific proposals from industry, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and governments. It provides an up-to-date overview of the facts, opinions and scientific analysis . It sets the stage for the challenging international negotiations on climate change policies in November 2000 in The Hague. This report can be seen as a guidebook for the Conference and beyond. 18 refs.

Metz, B.; Faber, A.; Berk, M.; Van Minnen, J.; De Moor, A. [National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection RIVM, Bilthoven (Netherlands); Kok, M.T.J. [Dutch National Programme on Global Air Pollution and Climate Change NRP, Bilthoven (Netherlands)

2000-10-01

222

Can Equity Enhance Efficiency? Lessons from the Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper analyses the relationship between different equity rules and the incentives to sign and ratify a climate agreement. A widespread conjecture suggests that a more equitable ex-ante distribution of the burden of reducing emissions would provide the right incentives for more countries - particularly big emitters - to accept an emission reduction scheme defined within an international climate agreement. This paper shows that this conjecture is only partly supported by the empirical evidence that can be derived from the Kyoto Protocol. Even though more equitable burden sharing rules provide better incentives to sign and ratify a climate agreement than the burden-sharing rule implicit in the Kyoto Protocol, a stable global agreement cannot be achieved. A possible strategy to achieve a global agreement without free-riding incentives is a policy mix in which global emission trading is coupled with a transfer mechanism designed to offset ex-post incentives to free ride

223

Strain differences in baroceptor reflex in adult wistar kyoto rats  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVES: A subset of normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats show lower baroreflex sensitivity; however, no previous study investigated whether there are differences in baroreflex sensitivity within this subset. Our study compared baroreflex sensitivity among conscious rats of this specific subtype. METHODS: Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats (16 weeks old) were studied. Cannulas were inserted into the abdominal aortic artery through the right femoral artery to measure mean arterial pressure (MAP) and ...

Valenti, Vitor E.; Luiz Carlos de Abreu; Caio Imaizumi; Márcio Petenusso; Celso Ferreira

2010-01-01

224

Kyoto Protocol Objectives in Croatia Energy Planning: Nuclear Scenario  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Croatia as an Annex I country of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and a country that has pledged in the Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol to reduce its greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions by 5% from the pre-transition level by the budget period 2008-12, will have to envisage a new energy strategy. Compared to the energy consumption collapse in some transitional countries like Russia and Ukraine, Croatia has passed through a relatively limited long term reduction of GHG emissions since 1990 because of higher efficiency of its pre-transition economy. It is expected that in case of business as usual scenario it will breach the Kyoto target in 2003 since the demand for energy will be high, especially as the income continues to rise, particularly in domestic use for heating, for transport and for electricity generation. Several scenarios of developing energy system are compared from the point of view of GHG emissions. The energy sector that will most probably be the most influenced by the UNFCCC objectives is electricity generation. Several scenarios are compared. The cost-effective scenario expects a mixture of coal and gas fired power plants to be built to satisfy the new demand and to replace the old power plants that are being decommissioned. More Kyoto friendly scenario envisages the construction of mostly nuclear power plants in the future, while decommissioning the old ones as planned, and is compared to the others from the GHG emissions point of view. The conclusion is that by measures tackling only electricity generation it will not be possible to keep GHG emission under the Kyoto target level, but that choosing the nuclear option might reduce significantly the cost of compliance. (author)

225

A Comment on Kyoto and Electricity Generation in Croatia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Kyoto convention signed in December 1997 will, pending ratification, introduce legal obligations to countries of Annex I of the Convention to reduce CO2 emission. Reductions will be obligatory for a number of small and medium European countries. Croatia will have to reduce its emission to 95% of the 1990 level. Possibility to meet this target without the use of new nuclear facility is doubtful. (author)

226

Is Kyoto Fatally Flawed? An Analysis with MacGEM  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper we present some numerical simulations with the MacGEM model to evaluate the consequences of the recent Marrakesh agreements and the defection of the USA for the Kyoto Protocol. MacGEM is a global marginal abatement cost model for carbon emissions from fossil fuel use based on the GEM-E3-World general equilibrium. Nonparticipation of the USA causes the equilibrium carbon price in Annex B countries to fall by approximately 50% since an important share of permit demand falls out. Carbon sinks enhancement activities enable Parties to fulfil their reduction commitment at lower compliance costs and cause the equilibrium permit price to decrease by 40%. Finally, it is shown that the former Soviet Union and central European countries have substantial monopoly power in the Kyoto carbon permit market. We conclude that the recent accords have eroded completely the Kyoto Protocol's emission targets but that they have the merit to have saved the international climate change negotiation framework

227

Rethinking the options. Kyoto's flexible mechanisms and nuclear power  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cutting emissions of greenhouse gases is a major aim of the Kyoto Protocol that countries have adopted in december 1997. But the cuts will not be easy to achieve, reductions of the magnitude postulated in the Protocol would involve a substantial restructuring of energy production and use in most industrialised countries. In November this year, the Sixth Conference of Parties will continue negotiating the rules and regulations for the flexible mechanisms of Kyoto Protocol. Previous Conferences of Parties avoided a formal debate about a nuclear role. It remains to be seen whether nuclear power will be included as a clean and sustainable technology. The role of nuclear power needs to be reconsidered, given the potential risk of climatic change, and the very technically and economically feasible means of drastically mitigating greenhouse gases emission in the short run. Nuclear energy can generate cost-effective tradable emissions credits and it would be highly discriminatory not to allow developing countries to exercise similar options as the industrialised ones, like Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) modeled after the concept of Joint Implementation adopted at the Kyoto Conference. The CDM reinforces the key role developing countries can play in solving the problem of limiting future emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, while meeting their justifiable needs for economic development. Financing nuclear power projects in developing countries in exchange jects in developing countries in exchange for emission credits meets both goals

228

Commission Review of a Proposal by California State University Bakersfield to Establish the CSUB Antelope Valley Educational Center. Commission Report 03-07  

Science.gov (United States)

This report reviews a proposal by the California State University Board of Trustees and California State University, Bakersfield, to establish a permanent Stated-approved education center in Antelope Valley. The proposed center would be named the CSU Bakersfield Antelope Valley Education Center, and it would serve the growing populations of…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2003

2003-01-01

229

The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Facility  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC), in partnership with Sanders Morris Harris Inc., a Texas-based investment banking firm, and The Styles Company, a developer and manager of hospitals and healthcare facilities, is building a proton therapy facility near the MDACC main complex at the Texas Medical Center in Houston, Texas USA. The MDACC Proton Therapy Center will be a freestanding, investor-owned radiation oncology center offering state-of-the-art proton beam therapy. The facility will have four treatment rooms: three rooms will have rotating, isocentric gantries and the fourth treatment room will have capabilities for both large and small field (e.g. ocular melanoma) treatments using horizontal beam lines. There will be an additional horizontal beam room dedicated to physics research and development, radiation biology research, and outside users who wish to conduct experiments using proton beams. The first two gantries will each be initially equipped with a passive scattering nozzle while the third gantry will have a magnetically swept pencil beam scanning nozzle. The latter will include enhancements to the treatment control system that will allow for the delivery of proton intensity modulation treatments. The proton accelerator will be a 250 MeV zero-gradient synchrotron with a slow extraction system. The facility is expected to open for patient treatments in the autumn of 2005. It is anticipated that 675 patients will be treated during the first full year of operation, while full capacity, reached in the fifth year of operation, will be approximately 3,400 patients per year. Treatments will be given up to 2-shifts per day and 6 days per week.

Smith, Alfred; Newhauser, Wayne; Latinkic, Mitchell; Hay, Amy; McMaken, Bruce; Styles, John; Cox, James

2003-08-01

230

The Project Based Mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol. Credible Instruments or Challenges to the Integrity of the Kyoto Protocol?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The project based mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol are innovative instruments which allow projects to earn credits for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The credits can in turn be used by countries to reach their emissions targets according to the Kyoto Protocol. The Project based mechanisms are known as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and the Joint Implementation (JI). If the project based mechanisms are to be effective policy instruments they must ensure the integrity of the Kyoto Protocol, and their ability to promote and prove real emission reductions is critical. The environmental credibility of the project based mechanisms will also ensure their ability to promote cost effectiveness. Key concepts in this context are environmental and project additionality, and their role and value for the project based mechanisms are analyzed. Environmental additionality is established by comparing a project's emissions to a baseline. The baseline's credibility is thus vital. The concept of project additionality is somewhat controversial, but is nonetheless of equal importance. The case studies of CDM approved methodologies (AMs) and proposed projects suggest that there are credibility issues that need to be addressed if the project based mechanisms are to promote real emissions reductions.

Takeuchi Waldegren, Linn

2006-03-15

231

Annual report 1992 of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report includes the research activities and the technical developments carried out at the Tandem Accelerator Center in University of Tsukuba for the period from April 1992 to March 1993. New experimental investigations were made on (1) nuclear spectroscopy was initiated by a new ? ray spectrometer; (2) polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions; (3) the application of energetic heavy ions to solid state physics; (4) the behavior of self interstitial atoms and its migration mechanism in Mo metal (5) the studies on electronic conduction of metal oxides and bronzes by NMR; (6) Moessbauer studies on Fe-Cr alloy and the RBS analysis of YBCO superconductor films; and (7) a new field was challenged on the micro cluster physics. Nuclear collective motion and the relativistic mean-field theory is also included in this report. (J.P.N.)

232

Building Bob: A Project Exploring the Human Body at Western Illinois University Preschool Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available When the children at Western Illinois University Preschool Center embarked on a study of human bodies, they decided to build a life-size model of a body, organ by organ from the inside out, to represent some of the things they were learning. This article describes the building of "Bob," the human body model, highlighting the children's problem solving at various points in the construction process. The article also explains other activities that the class engaged in during the three phases of project work. The project culminated in the creation of a classroom book, written and illustrated by all of the children, which could be shared with families and visitors to the classroom.

Scott Brouette

2008-01-01

233

Research and education at the NASA Fisk University Center for Photonic Materials and Devices  

Science.gov (United States)

In 1992, NASA awarded Fisk University a 5 year grant to establish a center for research and education on photonic materials are synthesized, characterized and, in some cases, developed into devices with applications in the fields of radiation detectors and nonlinear optical crystals, glasses and nanomaterials. The educational components include participation in the research by 3 types of students majoring in Physics, Chemistry and Biology: 1) Fisk undergraduates participating during the academic year. 2) Fisk graduates performing their Maser Thesis research. 3) Fisk and other HBCU's and Minority Institutions' undergraduates attending a 10 week summer workshop with a very rigorous program of study, research and progress reporting. Funds are available for supporting participating students. Prerequisite, schedules of activities, evaluation procedures and typical examples of the outcome are presented.

Silberman, Enrique

1996-07-01

234

Nutritional management of enterocutaneous fistula: a retrospective study at a Malaysian university medical center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Manal MH Badrasawi,1 Suzana Shahar,1 Ismail Sagap2 1Dietetics Program, School of Health Care Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, 2Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, UKM Medical Center, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Abstract: Enterocutaneous fistula is a challenging clinical condition with serious complications and considerable morbidity and mortality. Early nutritional support has been found to decrease these complications and to improve the clinical outcome. Location of the fistula and physiological status affect the nutrition management plan in terms of feeding route, calories, and protein requirements. This study investigated the nutritional management procedures at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, and attempted to determine factors that affect the clinical outcome. Nutritional management was evaluated retrospectively in 22 patients with enterocutaneous fistula seen over a 5-year period. Medical records were reviewed to obtain data on nutritional status, biochemical indices, and route and tolerance of feeding. Calories and protein requirements are reported and categorized. The results show that surgery was the predominant etiology and low output fistula was the major physiological category; anatomically, the majority were ileocutaneous. The spontaneous healing rate was 14%, the total healing rate was 45%, and the mortality rate was 22%, with 14% due to fistula-associated complications. There was a significant relationship between body mass index/serum albumin levels and fistula healing; these parameters also had a significant relationship with mortality. Glutamine was used in 50% of cases; however, there was no significant relationship with fistula healing or mortality rate. The nutritional status of the patient has an important impact on the clinical outcome. Conservative management that includes nutrition support is very important in order to improve nutritional status before surgical repair of the fistula. Keywords: enterocutaneous fistula, nutritional management, retrospective study 

Badrasawi MMH

2014-08-01

235

Spin S = 1 centers: a universal type of paramagnetic defects in nanodiamonds of dynamic synthesis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Intrinsic paramagnetic defects in ?5 nm sized nanodiamonds, produced by various dynamic synthesis (DySND) techniques (detonation, shock-wave, pulsed laser ablation of solid carbon containing targets), have been studied by multi-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). X-band (9-10 GHz) EPR spectra of DySND, in addition to the main intensive singlet Lorentzian-like EPR signal, reveal a low intensity doublet pattern within the half-field (HF) region (g ? 4). On transferring spectra to the Q-band (34 GHz) the shape of the HF pattern changes and splitting between doublet components is reduced from 10.4 to 2.6 mT. The HF patterns observed are attributed to the ‘forbidden’ ?MS = 2 transitions between the Zeeman levels of some spin-triplet (S = 1) centers. The model of two triplet centers with g ? 2.003 and zero-field splitting parameters D1 = 0.095 cm-1 (TR1) and D2 = 0.030 cm-1 (TR2) satisfactorily describes experimental results at both microwave frequencies. The spin-triplet-type defects are observed in a wide variety of DySND samples irrespective of industrial supplier, cooling and carbon soot refinement methods, initial purity, disintegration, or subsequent targeted chemical modification. This indicates that the intrinsic defects with S = 1 in DySND systems are of universal origin. (paper)

236

Spin S = 1 centers: a universal type of paramagnetic defects in nanodiamonds of dynamic synthesis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intrinsic paramagnetic defects in ?5 nm sized nanodiamonds, produced by various dynamic synthesis (DySND) techniques (detonation, shock-wave, pulsed laser ablation of solid carbon containing targets), have been studied by multi-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). X-band (9-10 GHz) EPR spectra of DySND, in addition to the main intensive singlet Lorentzian-like EPR signal, reveal a low intensity doublet pattern within the half-field (HF) region (g ? 4). On transferring spectra to the Q-band (34 GHz) the shape of the HF pattern changes and splitting between doublet components is reduced from 10.4 to 2.6 mT. The HF patterns observed are attributed to the 'forbidden' ?M(S) = 2 transitions between the Zeeman levels of some spin-triplet (S = 1) centers. The model of two triplet centers with g ? 2.003 and zero-field splitting parameters D(1) = 0.095 cm(-1) (TR1) and D(2) = 0.030 cm(-1) (TR2) satisfactorily describes experimental results at both microwave frequencies. The spin-triplet-type defects are observed in a wide variety of DySND samples irrespective of industrial supplier, cooling and carbon soot refinement methods, initial purity, disintegration, or subsequent targeted chemical modification. This indicates that the intrinsic defects with S = 1 in DySND systems are of universal origin. PMID:22551526

Shames, A I; Yu Osipov, V; von Bardeleben, H J; Vul', A Ya

2012-06-01

237

[Implementation of the Kyoto obligation and the climate change debate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The importance of cooperative international implementation mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol was emphasized. In December 1997, more than 50 countries signed the Protocol, although to date, none has ratified it. Canada agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by six per cent below 1990 levels by 2008-2012. Implications of this commitment and Canada's ability to make good on the commitment were assessed. The federal government has launched several initiatives to build awareness among Canadians to the climate change issue, and some 450 of the best experts are engaged in trying to identify the obstacles that need to be overcome, the prime opportunities that could be seized, the best practices and how they might be more broadly applied, and to find options in all the sectors of the economy that could bring us to '1990 minus 6'. The objective is clear: an implementation strategy that is effective and meets our Kyoto obligation, is compatible with sustained growth of the economy and maintains or increases our international competitiveness in a number of areas. While an effective implementation strategy will most likely include major changes in lifestyle, in energy efficiency and in energy utilization, the author's view is that Canada has the expertise, the means and the collective will to achieve the target. Canada should also increase its efforts to ensure that some of the key developing countries cooperate in the post Kyoto process. This will not be easy since it involves . This will not be easy since it involves working with the largest greenhouse gas emitters in the developing world

238

Options for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study assesses available options for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. The study includes the following sections: An introduction, an overview of proposals and establishing a network, analysis of interests of countries, selected country case studies, an overview of the issues to be considered, options for adaptation to climate change, a new approach ''Common but Differentiated Convergence'', an update of the Triptych approach, a comprehensive compromise proposal, the comparison of emission allowances under various approaches and a negotiation strategy for the EU and Germany. (orig.)

Hoehne, Niklas; Phylipsen, Dian; Ullrich, Simone; Blok, Kornelis

2005-02-15

239

Global property rights. The Kyoto protocol and the knowledge revolution  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper is about the origin of today's global environmental problems, and how to resolve them. At stake are catastrophic risks from global warming and damage to the world's biodiversity that ranks as the planet' sixth great extinction. The origin of today's global environmental problems is a historic difference in property rights regimes between industrial and developing countries, the North and the South. The solutions we suggest involve redefining property rights in the use of the global environment as well as in knowledge. We discuss the Kyoto Protocol's new systems of property rights on the use of the planet's atmosphere, and propose a parallel system of property rights on knowledge. Resources such as forests and oil and other mineral deposits are owned as private property in industrial countries but they are treated as common or government property in developing countries. Ill-defined protected property rights lead to the over-extraction of resources in the South, such as timber and oil. They are exported at low prices to the North that over-consumes them. The international market amplifies the tragedy of the commons, leading to inferior solutions for the world economy as a whole (Chichilnisky 1994). Updating property rights on resources in developing countries would face formidable opposition. The lack of property rights in inputs to production, such as timber and oil, could be compensated by assigning property rights on by-products of outputs. The 1997 Kyoto Protocol provides an example as it limits the countries' rights to emit carbon, a by-product of burning fossil fuels. Our suggestions for trading emissions rights (Chichilnisky 1995, 96) was adopted in the Kyoto Protocol, yet the atmosphere's carbon concentration is a global public good, which makes trading tricky. Trading rights to forests' carbon sequestration services or to genetic blueprints would also be trading global public goods. Markets that trade public goods have been shown to require a measure of equity to ensure efficiency (Chichilnisky 1996, Chichilnisky and Heal 2002). This conclusion has been validated theoretically and is also in line with what was agreed by 160 nations in the Kyoto Protocol. Somewhat surprisingly, the same conclusion applies also to trading knowledge goods. Knowledge is a global public good. This paper proposes a new property rights regimes for knowledge goods and for environmental assets that seem crucial for economic progress in the era of the Knowledge RevolutionTM. (author)

240

Genome Science: A Video Tour of the Washington University Genome Sequencing Center for High School and Undergraduate Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Sequencing of the human genome has ushered in a new era of biology. The technologies developed to facilitate the sequencing of the human genome are now being applied to the sequencing of other genomes. In 2004, a partnership was formed between Washington University School of Medicine Genome Sequencing Center's Outreach Program and Washington University Department of Biology Science Outreach to create a video tour depicting the processes involved in large-scale sequencing. “Sequencing a Geno...

Flowers, Susan K.; Easter, Carla; Holmes, Andrea; Cohen, Brian; Bednarski, April E.; Mardis, Elaine R.; Wilson, Richard K.; Elgin, Sarah C. R.

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

The road from Kyoto : A U.S. industry view  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An American industry perspective of the Kyoto Protocol and its ability to produce a viable solution to global warming was offered. The Protocol would require most industrialized nations (including Canada and the United States) to cut their carbon dioxide emissions by 6 to 8 per cent below 1990 levels by year 2008 to 2012. Developing countries would not have to meet this target. It was argued that this set of targets and timetables assumes that climate risks are known with great certainty, when in fact, the long term risks of climate change are highly uncertain and near-term risks are small. It was also argued that developing countries account for more than half of the growth in CO2 emissions, therefore, their exemption from the Kyoto Protocol would make the Protocol ineffective against even a moderate warming scenario. Furthermore, the Protocol has the potential to create reactionary incentives for energy-intensive industries to move their facilities and jobs to countries without the curbs on CO2 emissions. It was suggested that a better climate policy would include all countries in CO2 reductions. It would be less expensive to achieve a target CO2 atmospheric concentration by curbing emissions slowly at first, developing technology to do so more cheaply and moving more aggressively in later years. The reality is that if the climate policy is too expensive, it is less practical and more difficult to achieve, both economicallore difficult to achieve, both economically and politically. 1 tab., 2 figs

242

The compatibility of flexible instruments under the Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The compatibility of the Kyoto Protocol flexible instruments and the lessons that can be learned form the AIJ-phase (AIJ stands for Activities Implemented Jointly) are discussed. The key point to be made is that there may be various applications of flexible instruments which can create situations where the various instruments would crowd out each other. On the other hand, applying flexible instruments may create a leverage for Parties in terms of achieving domestic environmental objectives. In addition, several issues related to the implementation of Joint Implementation (JI) , Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and international emissions trading are discussed. The issues concern mainly those that have been included in the working programme on flexible instruments for CoP4 and CoP5 (CoP stands for Convention of Parties). As such the report discusses the consequences of possible negotiations outcomes at CoP for the effectiveness of flexible instruments, Parties' capabilities to achieve their Kyoto Protocol commitments cost-effectively, and the role of the private sector on the national and international credits markets(s). 106 refs

243

Implementing the Kyoto Protocol. The role of environmental agreements  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report examines under what circumstances voluntary agreements to curb greenhouse gas emissions could be an attractive policy option from the government`s perspective. The report begins by defining the term Environmental Agreement (EA) and then explores EAs in three steps: (1) Advantages and disadvantages of EAs compared to other policy tools (direct regulation, taxes and tradable permits), based on theoretical studies and experience from practical use, (2) The potential of EAs as an international policy tool, either in a bilateral or regional setting, (3) The attractiveness of EAs to implement the Kyoto Protocol, and the relation to joint implementation and international emissions trading. The main conclusions are: (1) Experience from OECD countries suggests that EAs are most attractive as a supplement to traditional command and control, or to market-based policy tools. (2) Skillful design of EAs can improve their efficiency. (3) Bilateral EAs is an interesting policy option to regulate pollution from other countries. (4) Regional EAs are rare but could have important advantages. (5) EAs can play a role in a soft transition stage from traditional command and control to domestic emission trading, and further on to a Kyoto Protocol regime of emission trading and joint implementation. 52 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Torvanger, Asbjoern; Skodvin, Tora

1999-09-01

244

Educational Entrepreneurism in Higher Education: A Comparative Case Study of Two Academic Centers within One Land-Grant University  

Science.gov (United States)

This research explored the relationship of educational entrepreneurism and organizational culture in the creation and evolution of academic centers within one Midwestern land-grant university facing resource constraints. Particular attention was given to: (a) synthesizing current entrepreneurial and organizational culture and evolution theory as…

Wilcox, Lori

2009-01-01

245

An Enduring Voice in American Indian Education: The Arizona State University Center for Indian Education, 1959-1999.  

Science.gov (United States)

Arizona State University's Center for Indian Education has pursued its goals of research, teacher training, community outreach, policy advisement, leadership development, and student recruitment through such efforts as founding the Journal of American Indian Education, tribally controlled schools, and community-focused college programs;…

Trujillo, Octaviana V.; Shepherd, Jeffrey P.

1999-01-01

246

Pilot plant wastewater treatment project status at the University of North Dakota Energy Research Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The slagging fixed-bed gasifier (SFBG) pilot plant provides the only large-scale source of lignite-derived effluents for subsequent characterization and treatment studies. The principal goal of the gasification research at University of North Dakota Energy Research Center (UNDERC) is to develop public environmental data on effluents from the fixed-bed gasification of lignite, focusing on waste water treatment. The level of treatment is dictated by end use, which in water-deficient regions such as the Western United States, will undoubtedly be makeup for a cooling tower. A major area of uncertainty surrounding the reuse of wastewater centers around the cooling tower. The extent of treatment needed to produce a satisfactory makeup for the cooling tower is unknown, and the environmental and economic risks are substantial. The most cost effective approach is to provide minimal treatment. In order to assess the effectiveness of extraction and stripping alone in treating wastewater for cooling tower use, UNDERC has installed a pilot-scale wastewater treatment train consisting of solvent extraction and ammonia stripping to prepare stripped gas liquor for testing as makeup to a small cooling tower. Approximately 28,000 gallons of wastewater have been pretreated by solvent extraction and ammonia stripping are being fed to a counter-flow cooling tower and attendant test heat exchangers as part of a two-month assessment of the environmental and operating problems associated with the use of stripped gas liquor as cooling tower makeup. Wastewater pretreatment was performed within the limits of the public data for GPGA design, and the cooling tower system was designed to simulate heat duties and tube velocities reported for the GPGA design.

Willson, W.G.; Hendrikson, J.G.; Mann, M.D.; Mayer, G.G.; Olson, E.S.

1983-01-01

247

Upgrading the Center for Lightweighting Automotive Materials and Processing - a GATE Center of Excellence at the University of Michigan-Dearborn  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Center for Lightweighting Materials and Processing (CLAMP) was established in September 1998 with a grant from the Department of Energy’s Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) program. The center received the second round of GATE grant in 2005 under the title “Upgrading the Center for Lightweighting Automotive Materials and Processing”. Using the two grants, the Center has successfully created 10 graduate level courses on lightweight automotive materials, integrated them into master’s and PhD programs in Automotive Systems Engineering, and offered them regularly to the graduate students in the program. In addition, the Center has created a web-based lightweight automotive materials database, conducted research on lightweight automotive materials and organized seminars/symposia on lightweight automotive materials for both academia and industry. The faculty involved with the Center has conducted research on a variety of topics related to design, testing, characterization and processing of lightweight materials for automotive applications and have received numerous research grants from automotive companies and government agencies to support their research. The materials considered included advanced steels, light alloys (aluminum, magnesium and titanium) and fiber reinforced polymer composites. In some of these research projects, CLAMP faculty have collaborated with industry partners and students have used the research facilities at industry locations. The specific objectives of the project during the current funding period (2005 – 2012) were as follows: (1) develop new graduate courses and incorporate them in the automotive systems engineering curriculum (2) improve and update two existing courses on automotive materials and processing (3) upgrade the laboratory facilities used by graduate students to conduct research (4) expand the Lightweight Automotive Materials Database to include additional materials, design case studies and make it more accessible to outside users (5) provide support to graduate students for conducting research on lightweight automotive materials and structures (6) provide industry/university interaction through a graduate certificate program on automotive materials and technology idea exchange through focused seminars and symposia on automotive materials.

Mallick, P. K.

2012-08-30

248

Medication therapy management clinic: perception of healthcare professionals in a University medical center setting  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To determine the overall perception and utilization of the pharmacist managed medication therapy management (MTM clinic services, by healthcare professionals in a large, urban, university medical care setting.Methods: This was a cross-sectional, anonymous survey sent to 195 healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, and pharmacists at The University of Illinois Outpatient Care Center to determine their perception and utilization of the MTM clinic. The survey consisted of 12 questions and was delivered through a secure online application. Results: Sixty-two healthcare professionals (32% completed the survey. 82% were familiar with the MTM clinic, and 63% had referred patients to the clinic. Medication adherence and disease state management was the most common reason for referral. Lack of knowledge on the appropriate referral procedure was the prominent reason for not referring patients to the MTM clinic. Of the providers that were aware of MTM services, 44% rated care as ‘excellent’, 44% as ‘good’, 5% as ‘fair’, and 0% stated ‘poor’. Strengths of MTM clinic identified by healthcare providers included in-depth education to patients, close follow-up, and detailed medication reconciliation provided by MTM clinic pharmacists. Of those familiar with MTM clinic, recommendations included; increase marketing efforts to raise awareness of the MTM clinic service, create collaborative practice agreements between MTM pharmacists and physicians, and ensure that progress notes are more concise.Conclusion: In a large, urban, academic institution MTM clinic is perceived as a valuable resource to optimize patient care by providing patients with in-depth education as it relates to their prescribed medications and disease states. These identified benefits of MTM clinic lead to frequent patient referrals specifically for aid with medication adherence and disease state management.

Shah M

2013-09-01

249

Medication therapy management clinic: perception of healthcare professionals in a University medical center setting  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective To determine the overall perception and utilization of the pharmacist managed medication therapy management (MTM) clinic services, by healthcare professionals in a large, urban, university medical care setting. Methods This was a cross-sectional, anonymous survey sent to 195 healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, and pharmacists at The University of Illinois Outpatient Care Center to determine their perception and utilization of the MTM clinic. The survey consisted of 12 questions and was delivered through a secure online application. Results Sixty-two healthcare professionals (32%) completed the survey. 82% were familiar with the MTM clinic, and 63% had referred patients to the clinic. Medication adherence and disease state management was the most common reason for referral. Lack of knowledge on the appropriate referral procedure was the prominent reason for not referring patients to the MTM clinic. Of the providers that were aware of MTM services, 44% rated care as ‘excellent’, 44% as ‘good’, 5% as ‘fair’, and 0% stated ‘poor’. Strengths of MTM clinic identified by healthcare providers included in-depth education to patients, close follow-up, and detailed medication reconciliation provided by MTM clinic pharmacists. Of those familiar with MTM clinic, recommendations included; increase marketing efforts to raise awareness of the MTM clinic service, create collaborative practice agreements between MTM pharmacists and physicians, and ensure that progress notes are more concise. Conclusions In a large, urban, academic institution MTM clinic is perceived as a valuable resource to optimize patient care by providing patients with in-depth education as it relates to their prescribed medications and disease states. These identified benefits of MTM clinic lead to frequent patient referrals specifically for aid with medication adherence and disease state management. PMID:24223083

Shah, Mansi; Markel Vaysman, Anna; Wilken, Lori

250

Pain, Work-related Characteristics, and Psychosocial Factors among Computer Workers at a University Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

[Purpose] Complaint of pain is common in computer workers, encouraging the investigation of pain-related workplace factors. This study investigated the relationship among work-related characteristics, psychosocial factors, and pain among computer workers from a university center. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen subjects (median age, 32.0?years; interquartile range, 26.8-34.5?years) were subjected to measurement of bioelectrical impedance; photogrammetry; workplace measurements; and pain complaint, quality of life, and motivation questionnaires. [Results] The low back was the most prevalent region of complaint (76.9%). The number of body regions for which subjects complained of pain was greater in the no rest breaks group, which also presented higher prevalences of neck (62.5%) and low back (100%) pain. There were also observed associations between neck complaint and quality of life; neck complaint and head protrusion; wrist complaint and shoulder angle; and use of a chair back and thoracic pain. [Conclusion] Complaint of pain was associated with no short rest breaks, no use of a chair back, poor quality of life, high head protrusion, and shoulder angle while using the mouse of a computer. PMID:24764635

Mainenti, Míriam Raquel Meira; Felicio, Lilian Ramiro; Rodrigues, Erika de Carvalho; Ribeiro da Silva, Dalila Terrinha; Vigário Dos Santos, Patrícia

2014-04-01

251

Iowa State University's undergraduate minor, online graduate certificate and resource center in NDE  

Science.gov (United States)

Nondestructive evaluation is a `niche' subject that is not yet offered as an undergraduate or graduate major in the United States. The undergraduate minor in NDE offered within the College of Engineering at Iowa State University (ISU) provides a unique opportunity for undergraduate aspiring engineers to obtain a qualification in the multi-disciplinary subject of NDE. The minor requires 16 credits of course work within which a core course and laboratory in NDE are compulsory. The industrial sponsors of Iowa State's Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, and others, strongly support the NDE minor and actively recruit students from this pool. Since 2007 the program has graduated 10 students per year and enrollment is rising. In 2011, ISU's College of Engineering established an online graduate certificate in NDE, accessible not only to campus-based students but also to practicing engineers via the web. The certificate teaches the fundamentals of three major NDE techniques; eddy-current, ultrasonic and X-ray methods. This paper describes the structure of these programs and plans for development of an online, coursework-only, Master of Engineering in NDE and thesis-based Master of Science degrees in NDE.

Bowler, Nicola; Larson, Brian F.; Gray, Joseph N.

2014-02-01

252

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, 1987  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report covers the research activities and technical developments of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, in the period from April, 1987 to March, 1988. In the field of nuclear physics, the elastic and inelastic scattering of polarized protons from even-even medium weight nuclei was investigated systematically by light ion beam experiment. A QDQ type magnetic spectrograph for double scattering experiment was almost complete. The studies on heavy ion-induced fission reaction advanced by measuring anisotropy in fission angular distribution, and a view on the mechanism of the reaction was acquired. A new, ingenious technique enabled to identify prompt characteristics X-ray accompanying the fusion reaction induced by heavy ions. In the field of atomic and solid state physics, a strange dependence of equilibrium charge state on the atomic number of projectile heavy ions has been elucidated. The research on ion beam shadowing effect on the emission of ion-induced secondary electrons was continued. The Rutherford backscattering of O4+ ions was applied to determine the composition of Y-Ba-Cu oxide film, and it shed light on the condition governing the nature of superconductive materials. The 12 UD Pelletron was operated quite satisfactorily. (Kako, I.)

253

Twenty years' experience at the Heart Transplant Center, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Objectives. The Heart Transplantation Center, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, now has 20 years' experience with heart transplantation (HTX). This study aims to evaluate long-term outcome after HTX including incidences of cancer and severe renal dysfunction. Design. Outcomes were reviewed using the transplant database of our department, the Scandiatransplant database, hospital medical records, and national database of biopsies. Results. From December 31, 1992 to February 27, 2013, a total of 258 patients underwent index HTX. Survival for the whole patient cohort at 1 month and 1 year was 95% and 88%. Long-term survival estimates of 5, 10, 15, and 20 years were 80%, 70%, 55%, and 40%, respectively. Median survival time was 15.6 years. Significant improvement in survival was observed from the 1992-1998 vs. 1999-2005 era and the 1992-1998 vs. the 2006-2012 era. Three patients (1%) underwent renal transplantation, and 29 patients (11%) developed severe renal dysfunction requiring dialysis. Sixty-four (25%) patients developed cancer, with skin cancer being most common. Conclusion. HTX is an excellent treatment for selected patients with end-stage heart failure. The prognosis has improved in the latest transplantation eras. With balanced immunosuppressive treatment, severe renal dysfunction and cancer can be limited to an acceptable level.

Clemmensen, Tor Skibsted; Munk, Kim

2013-01-01

254

Breathing-synchronized radiotherapy program at the University of California Davis Cancer Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we present a complete description of the breathing synchronized radiotherapy (BSRT) system, which has been jointly developed between the University of California Davis Cancer Center and Varian Associates. BSRT is a description of an emerging radiation oncology procedure, where simulation, CT scan, treatment planning, and radiation treatment are synchronized with voluntary breath-hold, forced breath-hold, or breathing gating. The BSRT system consists of a breathing monitoring system (BMOS) and a linear accelerator gating hardware and software package. Two methods, a video camera-based method and the use of wraparound inductive plethysmography (RespiTrace), generate the BMOS signals. The BMOS signals and the synchronized fluoroscopic images are simultaneously recorded in the simulation room and are later analyzed to define the ideal treatment point (ITP) where organ motion is stationary. The BMOS signals at ITP can be used to gate a CT scanner or a linear accelerator to maintain the same organ configuration as in the simulation. The BSRT system allows breath-hold or gating. This dual role allows the system to be applicable for a variety of patients, i.e., the breath-hold method for those patients who can maintain and reproduce the ITP, and the forced breath-hold or gating method for those who are not ideal for voluntary breath-hold. PMID:10718138

Kubo, H D; Len, P M; Minohara, S; Mostafavi, H

2000-02-01

255

Japan Nuclear Reaction Data Center (JCPRG), Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Steering Committee progress report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Japan Nuclear Reaction Data Center (JCPRG) was approved as an organisation of Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University and established on April 1, 2007. In addition to nuclear data activities carried out by JCPRG (Japan-Charged Particle Nuclear Reaction Data Group), the centre is concerned with the evaluation of nuclear reaction data in nucleosynthesis in the universe. In order efficiently to compile reaction data obtained by using radioactive ion beam, the centre signed a research contract with RIKEN Nishina Center. We are scanning 16 journals for Japanese charged-particle and photo-nuclear nuclear reaction data compilation. From April 2006 to March 2007, CPND and PhND in 45 references (453 records, 1.83 MB) have been newly compiled for NRDF. Usually new data are released at the JCPRG web site several months prior to EXFOR. Since the 2006 NRDC meeting, we have made 104 new entries and have revised or deleted 142 old entries. Intensive numerical data compilations have been done. These data were shown in tabular form in dissertations which are (partially) published in Journals. About 30 new entries were compiled from these data. We have prepared CINDA batches for CPND published in Japan every half year. Each batch covers 6 issues of each of 4 Japanese journals JPJ, PTP, NST and JNRS. Bibliographies for neutron induced reaction data have been compiled by JAEA Nuclear Data Center as before. A new web-based NRDF search and plot system on MySQL was released in July, 200 system on MySQL was released in July, 2007. New compilation, which has been finalized for NRDF, but not for EXFOR, can be obtained from this site. DARPE (another NRDF search and plot system written in Perl) is also available at http://www.jcprg.org/darpe/. EXFOR/ENDF (http://www.jcprg.org/exfor/) search and plot system is available. We have also developed following utilities: PENDL (http://www.jcprg.org/endf/) and RENORM (http://www.jcprg.org/renorm). We are developing a new search system of CINDA. This is an extension of EXFOR/ENDF search system mentioned above. A preliminary version of the system is available at http://www.jcprg.org/cinda/. A Java-based digitizing system GSYS has been updated and released as GSYS Ver.2.2. We are interested in describing nuclear reaction data in XML (Extensible Markup Language), which might be a common (meta-) format of nuclear reaction data for various libraries (NRDF, EXFOR, ENDF etc.) and enable us to have common bases of software. We provide Japanese researchers in the fields of nuclear physics and nuclear engineering with nuclear reaction data. For more information, we published the Annual Report of Nuclear Reaction Data File Vol.20 in March 2007 (Japanese + English abstract, http://www.jcprg.org/annual/annual-e.html). We have also issued a list of newly added data into EXFOR every month (http://www.jcprg.org/exfor/info/recentdata.html) in a CINDA like format. We have received many comments on EXFOR compilation from Japanese users (mainly JENDL evaluators). These comments have been listed to a table (http://www.jcprg.org/exfor/info/feedbacks.html), and forwarded to other centres

256

Kyoto Protocol, constraint or opportunity for coal based electricity producers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Coming into force of Kyoto Protocol (KP) in February 2005, as a result of its signing by Russian Federation, created the lawfulness of its provisions and mechanisms in order to reduce the average emission of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) at a global level down to 5.2 %. Passing this environment problem from a constrained area (regulations, directives) to an opportunity area (business) created the possibility that the achievement of KP objectives to be not an exclusive financial task of 'polluting actors', but opened the opportunity of bringing on stage all the necessary elements of a modern business environment: banks, investments from founds companies, consultants, buyers, sellers, stocks exchange. Until now, the investments and emissions transactions based by KP mechanisms at the worldwide level was focused on renewable energy area. Because for the most of countries, including Romania, the production of electricity based on fossil fuels (special coal) is one of the main option, bringing the KP mechanisms in operation in this area is difficult for at least two reasons: - the investments are huge; - the emissions reduction is not spectacular. In these circumstances, this paper gives an overview of the present GHG emission market, transaction mechanisms on this market and of the ways through which coal based electricity producers from Romania can access this market. We consider that the filtration of the information in this area from electricity producer point of view makes telectricity producer point of view makes the content of this paper a good start for a new approach of environment management and its conversion from constraint (financial resources consumer) to opportunity ( financial resources producer). The paper contains are as follows: 1. Kyoto Protocol at a glance; 2. Emission trading mechanisms; 2.1. Transaction mechanisms under KP; 2.1.1. Joint Implementation (JI); 2.1.2 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM); 2.1.3. Emissions Trading (ET); 2.2. Other transactions mechanisms; 2.2.1. European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU-ETS); 2.2.2. Green Investment Scheme (GIS); 3. GHG emissions reduction present market; 3.1. The projects based market; 3.2. Permissions market; 4. Romanian coal based energy producers, which way to follow up?; 5. Conclusions. In conclusion, in the present paper authors make an analysis of environmental constraints to opportunities transformation, suggesting the directions and possibilities to finance the environmental projects using the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms in the particular case of coal based energy producers from Oltenia area. The authors, consider that for these large producers the most suitable mechanism is at the moment the Green Investments Scheme and after adhesion of Romania to EU, the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme

257

Enforcing the Kyoto Protocol: sanctions and strategic behavior  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Because the sanction mechanisms under the Marrakesh Accords affect the economy of complying countries, strategic considerations may play a role in decisions taken by members of the Enforcement Branch of the Kyoto Protocol. We show that members of the Enforcement Branch might face various incentives to not punish a non-compliant country, and that these incentives will differ between members from different countries. We further demonstrate that these differing incentives mean that a certain composition of the Enforcement Branch could decide that one country is not in compliance and impose sanctions, while another composition might decide that the same country is in compliance. Likewise, two different countries that display equivalent forms of non-compliance may receive different verdicts depending on the Enforcement Branch's composition

258

The Kyoto Summit: December 1997: The OECD and Climate Change  

Science.gov (United States)

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has assembled a collection of resources in conjunction with the third United Nations Framework Conference on Climate Change (UNFCC) in Kyoto, Japan. The main objective of the site is to help visitors "understand how economic, environmental, social and development policies can best reinforce each other" to achieve the goal of sustainable development. The OECD suggests that policy and subsidy reforms in the energy and transportation sector, together with a system of international trading in greenhouse gas emission, be used to counter the effects of global warming. The web site provides a large number of papers (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format) written on the issue of global change.

1997-01-01

259

Research on fabrication of aspheres at the Center of Optics Technology (University of Applied Science in Aalen); Techical Digest  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center of Optics Technology at the University of Applied Science, founded in 2003, is part of the School of Optics & Mechatronics. It completes the existing optical engineering department with a full optical fabrication and metrology chain and serves in parallel as a technology transfer center, to provide area industries with the most up-to-date technology in optical fabrication and engineering. Two examples of research work will be presented. The first example is the optimizing of the grinding process for high precision aspheres, the other is generating and polishing of a freeform optical element which is used as a phase plate.

Boerret, Rainer; Burger, Jochen; Bich, Andreas; Gall, Christoph; Hellmuth, Thomas

2005-05-01

260

Nasopharyngeal cancer in the Middle East: Experience of the American University of Beirut Medical Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To review the data of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated at the American University of Beirut Medical Center and reflect on the characteristics and treatment outcome of NPC in the Middle East compared with those of Western countries and countries in which NPC is endemic. Methods and Materials: Between 1966 and 1998, 151 patients with the diagnosis of NPC received definitive radiotherapy at the American University of Beirut Medical Center. Of the 151 patients, 111 were males (gender ratio, 2.78); the median age was 45 years (range, 11-75 years). Most (95%) patients (n = 144) were Lebanese, 4 were Syrians, and 3 were from the Gulf countries. Most (60%) patients (n = 91) had Stage IV disease, 27% had Stage III, and 13% had Stage I or II disease; nodal disease was present in 117 patients (77%). The pathologic type was predominantly lymphoepithelioma or World Health Organization type III (95 patients, 63%). Treatment consisted of definitive radiotherapy alone for 116 patients (77%). All others received induction chemotherapy, primarily with cisplatin-containing regimens. The median radiation dose was 66 Gy (range, 47-73 Gy) to the primary and 67 Gy (range, 49-85 Gy) to involved neck nodes given at 2 Gy/fraction. The average follow-up was 3.02 years (range, 0.1-24.5 years). Results: The 5-year and 10-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 46%. Using univariate analyses, the following factors significantly affected DFS: node size (6 cm; p = 0.S: node size (6 cm; p = 0.01), node level (upper vs. mid vs. lower neck; p = 0.004), and duration of radiotherapy (p = 0.002). However, T stage, age, gender, radiation dose, use of chemotherapy, and histologic features had no statistically significant influence on DFS. The actuarial rate of local control at 5 and 10 years was 81% and 73%. T stage, N stage, and histologic features were statistically significant variables for local control in the univariate analyses. Using a Cox regression model, N stage (N1-N2 vs. N3; relative risk 2.09, p = 0.004) was identified as an independent variable for DFS, and N stage and pathologic features were identified as independent variables for local control. The actuarial rate of distant metastases was 32% at both 5 and 10 years. Distant metastases were only affected by N stage (upper-mid vs. lower neck; p = 0.004). Six patients (4%) were reported to have Grade 4 late complications. Conclusion: Our results indicate that the characteristics of NPC patients in Lebanon and their parameters of outcome are comparable to those reported in Western series, particularly for the relative frequency and effect of lymphoepithelial histologic type. Because of potential confounding factors, no definite conclusions about induction chemotherapy could be drawn from this retrospective study

 
 
 
 
261

Experience with multimodality telepathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several modes of telepathology exist including static (store-and-forward), dynamic (live video streaming or robotic microscopy), and hybrid technology involving whole slide imaging (WSI). Telepathology has been employed at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) for over a decade at local, national, and international sites. All modes of telepathology have been successfully utilized to exploit our institutions subspecialty expertise and to compete for pathology services. This article discusses the experience garnered at UPMC with each of these teleconsultation methods. Static and WSI telepathology systems have been utilized for many years in transplant pathology using a private network and client-server architecture. Only minor clinically significant differences of opinion were documented. In hematopathology, the CellaVision(®) system is used to transmit, via email, static images of blood cells in peripheral blood smears for remote interpretation. While live video streaming has remained the mode of choice for providing immediate adequacy assessment of cytology specimens by telecytology, other methods such as robotic microscopy have been validated and shown to be effective. Robotic telepathology has been extensively used to remotely interpret intra-operative neuropathology consultations (frozen sections). Adoption of newer technology and increased pathologist experience has improved accuracy and deferral rates in teleneuropathology. A digital pathology consultation portal (https://pathconsult.upmc.com/) was recently created at our institution to facilitate digital pathology second opinion consults, especially for WSI. The success of this web-based tool is the ability to handle vendor agnostic, large image files of digitized slides, and ongoing user-friendly customization for clients and teleconsultants. It is evident that the practice of telepathology at our institution has evolved in concert with advances in technology and user experience. Early and continued adoption of telepathology has promoted additional digital pathology resources that are now being leveraged for other clinical, educational, and research purposes. PMID:23372986

Pantanowitz, Liron; Wiley, Clayton A; Demetris, Anthony; Lesniak, Andrew; Ahmed, Ishtiaque; Cable, William; Contis, Lydia; Parwani, Anil V

2012-01-01

262

Proposed center for advanced industrial processes. Washington State University, College of Engineering and Architecture  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The DOE proposes to authorize Washington State University (WSU) to proceed with the detailed design, construction, and equipping of the proposed Center for Advanced Industrial Processes (CAIP). The proposed project would involve construction of a three story building containing laboratories, classrooms, seminar rooms, and graduate student and administrative office space. Existing buildings would be demolished. The proposed facility would house research in thermal/fluid sciences, bioengineering, manufacturing processes, and materials processing. Under the {open_quotes}no-action{close_quotes} DOE would not authorize WSU to proceed with construction under the grant. WSU would then need to consider alternatives for proceeding without DOE funds. Such alternatives (including delaying or scaling back the project), would result in a postponement or slight reduction in the minor adverse environmental, safety and health Impacts of the project evaluated in this assessment. More importantly, these alternatives would affect the important environmental, safety, health, and programmatic benefits of the projects. The surrounding area is fully urbanized and the campus is intensely developed around the proposed site. The buildings scheduled for demolition do not meet State energy codes, are not air conditioned, and lack handicapped access. Sensitive resources (historical/archeological, protected species/critical habitats, wetlands/floodplains, national forests/parks/trails, prime farmland and special sources of water) would not be affected as they do not occur on or near the proposed site. Cumulative impacts would be small. The proposed action is not related to other actions being considered under other NEPA reviews. There is no conflict between the proposed action and any applicable Federal, State, regional or local land use plans and policies.

NONE

1995-03-01

263

Annual report of Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University. April 1, 1993 - March 31, 1994  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This volume of the RCNP annual report gives briefly research activities of the RCNP (Research Center for Nuclear Physics), Osaka University, in the academic year of 1993 (April 1993 - March 1994). RCNP is a national nuclear physics laboratory with the AVF cyclotron and the ring cyclotron. This annual report includes major research activities at RCNP as follows. 1) Low-energy nuclear physics by means of the K=140 MeV AVF cyclotron. Nuclear reactions and nuclear structures were studied. 2) Medium-energy nuclear physics by means of the 0.4 GeV ring cyclotron. The new ring cyclotron is in full operation, and several new progresses in the medium energy nuclear physics have been made. In particular, spin-isospin responses for discrete states, giant resonances and for quasi-free scattering processes have been studied by means of charge exchange reactions. 3) Heavy-ion physics with the secondary radio-active nuclear beams. It includes production of radioactive nuclei with large spin-polarization and studies of snow-balls. 4) Non-accelerator physics programs have started in collaboration with the Dept. Phys. group. Neutrino studies by means of double beta decays and dark matter searches by means of scintillators are under progress at the Kamioka underground laboratory. 5) Theoretical works on nuclear structures and nuclear reactions. The RCNP computers are widely used for theoretical studies all over Japan. 6) Developments of accelerators and detector systems. The new external ion-source and the new axial injection line are build in order to increase beam currents. (J.P.N.)

264

Kyoto and the economics of global warming; Kyoto et l'economie de l'effet de serre  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report sheds light on the economic issues surrounding climate change. The objective is to fuel a longer term reflexions. The greenhouse effect raises many questions dealing with economic policy. In particular what is the right agenda for action taking into account the low reversibility of the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases? What about the Kyoto protocol architecture? How to deal with countries that will not participate in the effort for controlling emissions, while enjoying the benefits of the preservation of the climate, a collective good? How to protect the competitiveness of countries that impose environmental constraints on their producers? This report is then discussed by P. Champsaur and A. Lipietz. (A.L.B.)

Guesnerie, R.

2003-07-01

265

Kyoto or non-Kyoto - people or politics: results of recent public opinion surveys on energy and climate change  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: We present the results of a survey of an Australian public opinion survey in the area of climate change and energy technologies and compare the results with similar studies conducted in the other major non-Kyoto-adherent party, the United States, as well as to Kyoto-adherent countries including the UK, Japan, Sweden and Spain. We explore some of the differences and similarities in attitudes and understandings. In our survey, Australians place environment, health care and petrol prices as the most important issues facing their country, while in America it is terrorism, health care and the economy and in the UK it is asylum seekers, crime and health care. In many other areas, the differences are considerably smaller and there are some remarkable similarities. Whereas climate change is increasingly cited as the leading environmental issue in most countries surveyed, in Australia, climate change is second to water availability as the top environmental concern. The study examines where climate change and energy technologies fit within these broader national and environmental priorities and identifies the general public's preferred solutions. We find clear support in Australia and the other countries surveyed for renewable energy technologies, particularly solar energy and to a lesser extent wind and biomass energy. We also find considerable disagreement in all countries regarding the future of nuclear power as well as with regard to carbon dioxide capture and stth regard to carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies (albeit the latter with much larger uncertainty). The paper also explores the current knowledge levels of the general public in a number of countries about carbon dioxide emissions and how much as individuals, they are prepared to pay to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. We find that, in general, at a more detailed level in terms of both attitudes and understandings of energy and climate issues there is considerable agreement across disparate countries Gudged on their national climate policies)

266

Evolution of a Patient Information Management System in a Local Area Network Environment at Loyola University of Chicago Medical Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Department of Medicine at Loyola University Medical Center (LUMC) of Chicago has implemented a local area network (LAN) based Patient Information Management System (PIMS) as part of its integrated departmental database management system. PIMS consists of related database applications encompassing demographic information, current medications, problem lists, clinical data, prior events, and on-line procedure results. Integration into the existing departmental database system permits PIMS to...

Price, Ronald N.; Chandrasekhar, Arcot J.; Tamirisa, Balaji

1990-01-01

267

Evaluation of the mental problems of menopausal women referred to the health care centers of Ilam University of Medical Sciences  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Menopause, the permanent cessation of menstruation, is an important event in the long process of climactrium, signaling a change from the years of fertility to infertility. Postmenopausal women have many physical and mental problems. Materials and Methods: The objective of this study was to determine the mental problems of menopausal women referred to the health care centers of Ilam University of Medical Sciences in 2003. The research tools in this analytical-descriptive study w...

Rasooli; Haj Amiry, F.; Mahmoudi, P.; Shohani, M.; M.

2004-01-01

268

Historic collections of the Medical Library of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and their deacidification  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

[english] The Medical Library of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf holds considerable special collections. This article introduces the library’s three most significant collections of medical history and informs about recent activities in preservation aiming at preserving these collections in the long term as well as improving accessibility.[german] Die Ärztliche Zentralbibliothek (ÄZB) am Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE) verfügt über bedeutende Spezialsamm...

Kintzel, Melanie; Knittel, Meike; Krutky, Tanja

2012-01-01

269

Effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy: An evaluation of therapies provided by trainees at a university psychotherapy training center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

At the psychotherapy training center at Karlstad University, a study was carried out to examine the levels of symptom change and satisfaction with therapy in a heterogeneous population of clients treated using cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) by less experienced trainee therapists with limited theoretical education. The clients received an average of 11 therapy sessions. The results suggested that CBT performed by less experienced trainee therapists can be effective. According to client est...

Hiltunen, Arto J.; Kocys, Elo; Perrin-wallqvist, Rene?e

2013-01-01

270

Accreditation the Education Development Centers of Medical-Sciences Universities: Another Step toward Quality Improvement in Education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: : In order to improve the quality of education in universities of medical sciences (UMS), and because of the key role of education development centers (EDCs), an accreditation scheme was developed to evaluate their performance.Method: A group of experts in the medical education field was selected based on pre-defined criteria by EDC of Ministry of Health and Medical education. The team, worked intensively for 6 months to develop a list of essential standards to assess the performa...

Mohagheghi, M.; Shoghi, F.; Momtazmanesh, N.; Aa, Haghdoost; Mh, Mehrolhassani

2013-01-01

271

University of Colorado Cancer Center study finds misidentified and contaminated cell lines lead to faulty cancer science  

Science.gov (United States)

Modern cancer therapies start in cells – researchers compare cancer samples to healthy cells to discover how cancer is genetically different, and use cell lines to test promising new drugs. However, a University of Colorado Cancer Center study published this week in the journal Gynecologic Oncology shows that due to a high rate of contamination, misidentification and redundancy in widely available cell lines, researchers may be drawing faulty conclusions.

272

High Throughput and High Content Screening Capabilities of the University of Cincinnati Drug Discovery Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Drug Discovery Center collaborates with a wide range of academic and industrial research centers to facilitate the identification of active small molecules with high potential for use as biological probes or as starting points for drug discovery programs. The DDC operates state-of-the-art high throughput and high content screening instrumentation and a diverse 350,000 compound library. The center's personnel provide collaborators with advice in assay design, analytical technology selectio...

Kirby, Jason; Tang, Hong; Najm, Fadi J.; Tesar, Paul J.; Greis, Ken; Seibel, William; Papoian, Ruben; Rathore, Rakesh

2013-01-01

273

The Peer-Interactive Writing Center at the University of New Mexico  

Science.gov (United States)

The one-on-one format of tutoring, which is the norm for "writing" centers, can foster the much-maligned view of a "writing center" as a fix-it shop and undermine the role of the tutor as a co-learner and facilitator of peer-to-peer interactions. The peer-interactive "writing center approach", presented here, moves away from the one-on-one model…

Sanford, Daniel

2012-01-01

274

Update and Expansion of the Center of Automotive Technology Excellence Under the Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville has completed its seventh year of operation under this agreement, its thirteenth year in total. During this period the Center has involved eleven GATE Fellows and three GATE Research Assistants in preparing them to contribute to advanced automotive technologies in the center’s focus area: Advanced Hybrid Propulsion and Control Systems. In addition to the impact that the Center has had on the students and faculty involved, the presence of the center has led to the acquisition of resources that probably would not have been obtained if the GATE Center had not existed. Significant industry interaction such as equipment donations, and support for GATE students has been realized. The value of the total resources brought to the university (including related research contracts) exceeds $2,000,000.

Irick, David

2012-08-30

275

Implementation of the Provisions of the Kyoto Protocol as Precondition of Recovery from the Economic Recession ?????????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????????????? ???????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article substantiates the hypothesis that the compliance with the provisions of the Kyoto Protocol must play the decisive role in acceleration of recovery from the economic recession.? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ???, ??? ???????? ???? ? ????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????.

Zima Aleksandr G.

2010-02-01

276

WW instituudi direktor Christopher Flavin : Kyoto protokoll viiakse ellu Bushita / Christopher Flavin ; interv. Tarmo Virki  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

World Watch Instituudi direktor leiab, et maailm vajaks globaalset keskkonnaorganisatsiooni, mis tasakaalustaks Maailma Kaubandusorganisatsiooni mõju. Euroopa Liit ja Jaapan suudavad Kyoto protokolli ratifitseerimise ellu viia ka ilma USA-ta. Lisa: Tuumaenergia pole lahendus

Flavin, Christopher

2002-01-01

277

Center of excellence at Kathmandu University for R and D and test certification of hydraulic turbines  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Growth in global demand of clean energy has also increased hydropower development activities. This has also increased the necessity of overall efficiency improvements in hydropower plants for producing larger power with same site conditions. Efficiency improvement by design optimization of turbines is primary task in elevating performance of any hydropower projects. Institutional laboratory test facilities, which are expensive and demand high level of proficiency, are needed to certify performance of turbines. Due to the lack of well equipped and standard test facilities at South Asia region, efficiency measurement of turbines is mostly done at project sites. Kathmandu University (KU) is an autonomous, not-for-profit, non-government institution dedicated to maintain high standards of academic excellence. With technical support from Norwegian Institute of Science and Technology (NTNU), KU has been upgrading its competency to support the ambitious plan of Government of Nepal (2010) to develop 38,000 MW of Hydropower in 25 years. KU is collaborating with national and international experts and institutions for this venture. Turbine Testing Laboratory (TTL), under construction at KU with financial assistance from NORAD, Norway, aims to deliver its facilities to local and international developers and consultants by the mid of 2011. With 30 meter open head and 150 meter closed head, TTL is capable of testing different range prototypes up to 300kW and conduct model tests for larger sizes. Internationally recognized certification endorsed by International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC-60193) will be maintained at TTL for model tests. The technical support for the laboratory will be provided by Waterpower Laboratory, NTNU which has experience of turbine testing for almost 100 years. In coming years, TTL intends to include state of the art technologies such as Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Finite Element Method (FEM) analysis for new design or upgrading existing turbines, innovative design of hydro-mechanical components for power plants, and specialized training to engineers and technicians. This paper elaborates the utility of TTL in South Asia region with its objectives and specifications. Scope and partnerships for developing a center of excellence at TTL for R and D of hydraulic turbines are also presented. Need and possibilities of creating a new turbine manufacturer in Nepal, by the combined effort of academic institutions and manufacturing industries has been analyzed. Beside these, the progress of design optimization of Francis turbine at Jhimruk power plant for reduction of adverse impact of sediment erosion has been discussed. (author)

Thapa, Biraj Singh [Kathmandu University (KU), Dhulikhel (Nepal). Mechanical Engineering Department], E-mail: bst@ku.edu.np; Thapa, Bhola [The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway). Department of Mechanical Engineering], E-mail: bhola@ku.edu.np; Dahlhaug, Ole G. [The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway). Waterpower Laboratory], E-mail: ole.g.dahlhaug@ntnu.no

2011-07-15

278

Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, annual report 1998. April 1, 1998 - March 31, 1999  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The operation of the 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerators was very stable until December 12, 1998. A total beam time for experiments is 2383 hours. This report describes the activities at Tandem Accelerator Center of the University of Tsukuba in fiscal year 1998. The 32 reports are presented in the 4 categories; that are (1) Accelerator and Experimental Facilities (7 reports), (2) Nuclear Physics (12 reports), (3) Atomic and Solid State Physics, and Cluster Science (10 reports), (4) Ion Beam Application (3 reports). New development of experimental instruments were made on a proton polarimeter at very low energies, a detector of atomic cluster at low velocity, a long focal-plane position sensitive detector, and a liquid-helium-free superconducting solenoid for an Ecr ion source. In the field of nuclear physics, progresses were made in proton total-reaction cross sections, the continuum discretized coupled channel (CDCC) theory, (d, ?X) reactions, 7Li breakup reactions, hole states via (p, d) reaction, and nuclear structure physics by means of in-beam ? ray spectroscopy. New approaches were initiated on the precise measurement of proton-proton elastic scattering to search for magnetic monopole, and on perturbed angular correlations to measure nuclear g-factors in the pico second region. The investigation of ion-induced secondary electron is made in the binary-encounter electron emission from crystalline and non crystalline targets. An applicability of ion-induced Auger electrons to structure analysis was also demonstrated. An experiments of Br and I ions opened a new approach to the study of structural defects in amorphous silica. The study of deuteron implantation into silicon single crystal resulted in an interpretation of macroscopic migration. Microscopic migration was investigated on some metals. In atomic cluster physics, angular distributions of several noble-gas ions were measured to derive a new interaction potential. Mass spectra of semiconductor and 3d-transition metal clusters were also studied. A careful test experiment of PIXE was performed on the trace element analysis of single fluid inclusions in minerals. (Y. Tanaka)

279

Kyoto, the oil sands and the GHG emissions market  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper reviews uncertainties in the oil sands industry in relation to climate change, greenhouse gas emissions and the Kyoto Protocol. Other issues contributing to uncertainties in the industry were also discussed, including water and natural gas issues, refinery capacity and markets, price and exchange rates as well as capital availability and project cost overruns. The potential economic impact of the Kyoto Protocol on oil sands was outlined with prices per barrel. Government regulations were examined in the context of the evolving expectations of the Canadian public. U.S. actions on climate change were examined at the federal and state level. Emissions trading systems were reviewed with reference to a post 2012 regime. The 2005 budget was discussed, along with the Canadian legislative agenda and domestic offsets program, as well as the regulatory agenda in June of 2005. Post 2012 issues were examined, including discussions on the next commitment period, with reference to the fact that there was no support for new commitments among developing countries but that domestic pressures was building in the U.S. for air and climate regulations. Pressures from shareholders and the scientific community were discussed. Emissions trading in the European Union was reviewed. Stabilization goals will mean significant cuts to emissions in order to accommodate growth. Scenario planning and climate change uncertainties were also reviewed. The benefits of scenario planning in comp The benefits of scenario planning in complex situations were outlined and were seen to encourage the development of strategic options. Issues concerning environmental stewardship and possible responses by the Unites States were discussed. Three scenarios were outlined: that climate change is not man-made and all the problems will go away; that technology will evolve to accommodate changes; and that policy will be insensitive to the economy, technology will lag and the energy sector will be faced with much higher costs. Various risk management strategies were reviewed, including the determining of risk exposures; an evaluation of internal options; hedging of deemed risk via market mechanisms, investments and divestments; and an incorporation of scenarios and market information into capital allocation and operating decisions. A Natsource buyer's pool was presented, with a pool of $200 million to purchase project based compliance instruments aimed at lowest cost compliance. Seven entities are currently committed with $70 million raised. tabs, figs

280

Report: demonstrable progresses of the France according the Kyoto protocol; Rapport: progres demontrables de la France selon le protocole de Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document constitutes the report of the France on the demonstrable progresses according the application of the 3 article of the Kyoto protocol. The first chapter is a description of the french climatic policy, as the second presents the tendencies and the projections concerning the greenhouse effect gases emissions. The chapter 3 details the policies effects and the measures ( energy, transport, industry and wastes). The last chapter is devoted to the respect of the other engagements articles 10 and 11 of the Kyoto protocol. (A.L.B.)

NONE

2006-06-15

 
 
 
 
281

Global SF6 emission estimates inferred from atmospheric observations - a test case for Kyoto reporting  

Science.gov (United States)

Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) is one of the strongest greenhouse gases per molecule in the atmosphere. SF6 emissions are also one of the six greenhouse gases targeted for reduction under the Kyoto Protocol. Here we present a long-term data set of globally distributed high-precision atmospheric SF6 observations which show an increase in mixing ratios from near zero in the 1970s to a global mean value of 6.3 ppt by the end of 2007. Because of its long atmospheric lifetime of around 3000 years, the accumulation of SF6 in the atmosphere is a direct measure of its global emissions: Analysis of our long-term data records implies a decrease of global SF6 sources after 1995, most likely due to emission reductions in industrialised countries. However, after 1998 the global SF6 source increases again, which is probably due to enhanced emissions from transition economies such as in China and India. Moreover, observed north-south concentration differences in SF6 suggest that emissions calculated from statistical (bottom-up) information and reported by Annex II parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) may be too low by up to 50%. This clearly shows the importance and need for atmospheric (top-down) validation of Kyoto reporting which is only feasible with a dense world-wide observational network for greenhouse and other trace gases. Other members of the Global SF6 Trends Team: R. Heinz (1), D. Osusko (1), E. Cuevas (2), A. Engel (3), J. Ilmberger (1), R.L. Langenfelds (4), B. Neininger (5), C.v. Rohden (1), L.P. Steele (4), A. Varlagin (6), R. Weller (7), D.E. Worthy (8), S.A. Zimov (9) (1) Institut für Umweltphysik, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany, (2) Centro de Investigación Atmosférica de Izaña, Instituto Nacional de Meteorología (INM), 38071 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, (3) Institut für Atmosphäre und Umwelt, J.W. Goethe Universität Frankfurt, 60438 Frankfurt/Main, Germany, (4) Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research / CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (CMAR), Aspendale, Victoria 3195, Australia, (5) MetAir AG, 6313 Menzingen, Switzerland, (6) Svertsov Institute for Evolutionary and Ecological Problems (IPEE), 117071 Moscow, Russia, (7) Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, 27568 Bremerhaven, Germany, (8) Environment Canada, Climate Research Division / CCMR, Toronto, ON M3H 5T4, Canada, (9) Cherskii, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia

Levin, I.; Naegler, T.

2009-04-01

282

The Kyoto mechanisms and the diffusion of renewable energy technologies in the BRICS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper examines whether the Kyoto mechanisms have stimulated the diffusion of renewable energy technologies in the BRICS, i.e. Brazil, Russian, India China and South Africa. We examine the patterns of diffusion of renewable energy technologies in the BRICS, the factors associated with their diffusion, and the incentives provided by the Kyoto mechanisms. Preliminary analysis suggests that the Kyoto mechanisms may be supporting the spread of existing technologies, regardless if such technologies are still closely tied to environmental un-sustainability, rather than the development and diffusion of more sustainable variants of renewable energy technologies. This raises questions about the incentives provided by the Kyoto mechanisms for the diffusion of cleaner variants of renewable energy technologies in the absence of indigenous technological efforts and capabilities in sustainable variants, and national policy initiatives to attract and build on Kyoto mechanism projects. We provide an empirical analysis using aggregated national data from the World Development Indicators, the International Energy Agency, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and secondary sources. - Highlights: ? The Kyoto mechanisms may be supporting the diffusion of existing technologies. ? They may not be supporting the diffusion of sustainable renewable energy technologies. ? In the absence of appropriate capabilities and policies further diffusion is limited.rther diffusion is limited.

283

DCCPS: HCIRB: CECCR: Penn’s Center of Excellence in Cancer Communication Research, University of Pennsylvania  

Science.gov (United States)

Skip Navigation Twitter Multimedia Home About Key Initiatives Funding Resources Tools Cancer Control & Population Sciences Home Behavioral Research Program Home Health Communication and Informatics Research Home Center of Excellence in Cancer Communication

284

Hot air in Kyoto, cold air in The Hague  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Why did the climate negotiations in The Hague fail? Our contribution is to argue that the conflict between the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) stems mainly from disagreement on the cost issue. We argue that three main concerns promoted by the EU in The Hague. First, a 50% national emission ceiling (the supplementarity principle), second the use of carbon sinks, and third an international market control system. These issues can be solved by removing all restrictions on free greenhouse gas (GHG) trade and by establishing the World Trade Organization as an international authority. The US will face considerably higher costs than foreseen at the negotiations in Kyoto and will have strong incentives to free ride. Our main hypothesis is that the EU proposal on supplementarity made the US turn to free riding. Thus, to make the US stay in an international GHG emission-trading scheme, the EU must reconsider and acknowledge US claims for cheaper reduction options and the right to trade 'hot air.' This point is important. If the US does not participate, the increase in emissions will be much higher than the emission reduction following the EU supplementarity proposal. Udgivelsesdato: OCT

Brandt, Urs Steiner; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

2002-01-01

285

Strain differences in baroceptor reflex in adult Wistar Kyoto rats  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: A subset of normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats show lower baroreflex sensitivity; however, no previous study investigated whether there are differences in baroreflex sensitivity within this subset. Our study compared baroreflex sensitivity among conscious rats of this specific subtype. MET [...] HODS: Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats (16 weeks old) were studied. Cannulas were inserted into the abdominal aortic artery through the right femoral artery to measure mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). Baroreflex gain was calculated as the ratio between change in HR and MAP variation (?HR/?MAP) in response to a depressor dose of sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 50 µg/kg, i.v.) and a pressor dose of phenylephrine (PE, 8 µg/kg, i.v.). Rats were divided into four groups: 1) low bradycardic baroreflex (LB), baroreflex gain (BG) between -1 and -2 bpm/mmHg tested with PE; 2) high bradycardic baroreflex (HB), BG

Vitor E., Valenti; Luiz Carlos de, Abreu; Caio, Imaizumi; Márcio, Petenusso; Celso, Ferreira.

286

When the library is located in prime real estate: a case study on the loss of space from the Duke University Medical Center Library and Archives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Duke University Medical Center Library and Archives is located in the heart of the Duke Medicine campus, surrounded by Duke Hospital, ambulatory clinics, and numerous research facilities. Its location is considered prime real estate, given its adjacency to patient care, research, and educational activities. In 2005, the Duke University Library Space Planning Committee had recommended creating a learning center in the library that would support a variety of educational activities. However,...

Thibodeau, Patricia L.

2010-01-01

287

The Sensitivity of Hela Kyoto Cell Line Transfected with Sensor HyPer2 to Cisplatin  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the investigation is to compare by means of MTT assay cytotoxic effect of cisplatin on the cells of HeLa Kyoto line and HeLa Kyoto line containing genetically-encoded sensor of hydrogen peroxide HyPer2 (HeLa Kyoto–HyPer2 line, and using staining by trypan blue to identify the doses of cisplatin causing cell death at different exposure time. Materials and Methods. A HeLa Kyoto cell line of human cervical carcinoma and HeLa Kyota line transfected with the cytoplasmic sensor of hydrogen peroxide (HeLa Kyoto–HyPer2 were used in the study. The analysis of cytotoxic and antiproliferative action of cisplatin in relation to the given cells was performed using MTT assay. Cell viability was determined after 24 h of incubation with the preparation at concentrations from 0 to 50 ?mol/L, then within the period from 0 to 24 h with an interval of 2 h at concentration of IC50; and also after 2, 4, 6, 8 h at concentrations from 9.3 to 833.3 ?mol/L a quantity of live and destructed cells was counted using staining by trypan blue. Results. After cisplatin expose the dose-response curves for cell viability of Hela Kyoto and HeLa Kyoto–HyPer2 cell lines were built according to MTT assay data. It was established that concentration of IC50 corresponding to the dose causing a loss of viability of 50% of cells is 1.3 times lower for HeLa Kyoto–HyPer2 compared to HeLa Kyoto. The results of staining by a vital agent trypan blue showed that inhibiting effects of cisplatin in concentration of IC50 by 24 h are mainly linked with the delay of cell division but not with their death. At concentrations up to 52 ?mol/L damage of the membranes does not occur during 8 h, and at superhigh concentrations — 416.7 ?mol/L — the damage is possible already 4 h after the exposure. Conclusion. Comparison of sensibility of the two cell lines to the effect of cisplatin showed that transfection of the cells with the fluorescent protein results in the increase of the sensitivity to cisplatin. When HeLa Kyoto–HyPer2 cells are exposed to the preparation at concentration of IC50 during 24 h, inhibition of cell division is observed; higher concentrations of the preparation cause increase of the number of dead cells and diminish the terms of their destruction.

A.S. Belova

2015-01-01

288

The role of university hospitals as centers of excellence for shared health-care-delivery of in- and outpatients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Problem. Health care delivery in Germany has to face severe challenges that will lead to a closer integration of services for in- and out-patients. University hospitals play an important role due to their activities in research, education and health care delivery. They are requested to promote and evaluate new means and ways for health care delivery. Methods. The Institute of Clinical Radiology at the University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University started teleradiological services for hospitals and general practices in January 1999 in the framework of the ''Imaging services - teleradiological center of excellence''. Legal, technical and organizational prerequisites were analyzed. Results. Networks between university hospitals and general practices are not likely to solve all future problems. They will, however, increase the availability of the knowledge of experts even in rural areas and contribute to a quality ensured health care at the patients home. Future developments may lead to international co-operations and such services may be available to patients abroad. Conclusion. Legal, technical and organizational obstacles have to be overcome to create a framework for high quality telemedical applications. University hospitals will play an important role in promoting and evaluating teleradiological services. (orig.)

289

Marquette University Department of Public Safety Implements New Command Information Center Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

Marquette University, established in 1881, is a private Catholic, Jesuit institution located in the heart of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The university has a student population of more than 11,000 and more than 2,000 faculty and staff. In its effort to continually improve crime prevention and emergency preparedness Marquette's Department of Public…

Cooper, Sue

2008-01-01

290

Managing Disaster Recovery Centers on Campus: The Experience of Southeastern Louisiana University  

Science.gov (United States)

When Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast in August 2005, Southeastern Louisiana University was spared the brunt of the storm and was fortunate that most structures on campus remained intact. However, the storm still affected the campus for weeks. This article reflects on the experiences of university leaders and facility managers as they provided…

Lawrence, Heather; Shafer, Duane

2007-01-01

291

Proceeding of the symposium on the plan for establishment of Health Physics Research Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purposes of the establishment of the Health Physics Research Center are for much more development of health physics researches in higher level and systematic educations for the younger researchers. This research center was planned out for the co-operative research institute where can be used by not only visiting researchers of universities and academic institutions in Japan but also foreign researchers. The establishment of the Research Center has been authorized by the Japan Academy of Science in 1983, and the requests for obtaining the funds of the establishment has been carried out by the Kyoto University Authority to the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, Japanese Government in 1984. In this academic year, 1989, a symposium on the plan for the establishment of the Health Physics Research Center was held as one of the activities of Health Physics Research Meeting at Research Reactor Institute. The attendants was more than 120 scientists, and many valuable comments have been stated for the plan on the establishment. This report includes these comments. We editors many tank to the commentators and discussors. We hope to give much more cooperation and supports to the plan for the establishment of the Health Physics Research Center. (author)

292

Bali: an agreement in principle for post-Kyoto negotiations but no emissions reduction targets - Panorama 2008  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ten years have passed since December 1997, when the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was signed in Kyoto. It's been a decade of tough international negotiations, leading to the beginnings of an international CO2 emissions trading market, whose future past 2012 remains uncertain. The December negotiations in Bali may not have produced a successor to the Kyoto Protocol, but they did get all parties to the Convention to sign an agreement in principle to post- Kyoto negotiations

293

Melter performance during surrogate vitrification campaigns at the DOE/Industrial Center for Vitrification Research at Clemson University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes the results from seven melter campaigns performed at the DOE/Industrial Center for Vitrification Research at Clemson University. A brief description of the EnVitco EV-16 Joule heated glass melter and the Stir-Melter WV-0.25 stirred melter are included for reference. The report discusses each waste stream examined, glass formulations developed and utilized, specifics relating to melter operation, and a synopsis of the results from the campaigns. A `lessons learned` section is included for each melter to emphasize repeated processing problems and identify parameters which are considered extremely important to successful melter operation

Marra, J.C. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States); Overcamp, T.J.

1995-10-05

294

A universal relation for the stress dependence of activation energy for slip in body-centered cubic crystals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

By analyzing experimental data in the literature, the activation energy H for slip in body-centered cubic metals is found to approximately obey the simple relation H?0.1 ?b3(1 - t)2, where t is the applied stress normalized by the zero-temperature Peierls stress, ? is the ?111? shear modulus, and b the 1/2?111? Burgers vector. Such universal relation is explained by analyzing the activation processes of kink-pair generation and expansion along threefold screw dislocations using th...

Ngan, Ahw; Zhang, Hf

1999-01-01

295

Final Report for The University of Texas at Arlington Optical Medical Imaging Section of Advanced Imaging Research Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The goal of this project was to create state-of-the-art optical medical imaging laboratories for the Biomedical Engineering faculty and student researchers of the University of Texas at Arlington (UTA) on the campus of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UTSW). This has been successfully achieved. These laboratories provide an unprecedented opportunity for the bioengineers (from UTA) to bring about new breakthroughs in medical imaging using optics. Specifically, three major laboratories have been successfully established and state-of-the-art scientific instruments have been placed in the labs. As a result of this grant, numerous journal and conference publications have been generated, patents for new inventions have been filed and received, and many additional grants for the continuation of the research has been received.

Khosrow Behbehani

2013-02-26

296

Strain differences in baroceptor reflex in adult Wistar Kyoto rats  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: A subset of normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats show lower baroreflex sensitivity; however, no previous study investigated whether there are differences in baroreflex sensitivity within this subset. Our study compared baroreflex sensitivity among conscious rats of this specific subtype. METHODS: Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY rats (16 weeks old were studied. Cannulas were inserted into the abdominal aortic artery through the right femoral artery to measure mean arterial pressure (MAP and heart rate (HR. Baroreflex gain was calculated as the ratio between change in HR and MAP variation (?HR/?MAP in response to a depressor dose of sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 50 µg/kg, i.v. and a pressor dose of phenylephrine (PE, 8 µg/kg, i.v.. Rats were divided into four groups: 1 low bradycardic baroreflex (LB, baroreflex gain (BG between -1 and -2 bpm/mmHg tested with PE; 2 high bradycardic baroreflex (HB, BG < -2 bpm/mmHg tested with PE; 3 low tachycardic baroreflex (LT, BG between -1 and -2 bpm/mmHg tested with SNP and; 4 high tachycardic baroreflex (HT, BG < -2 bpm/mmHg tested with SNP. Significant differences were considered for p < 0.05. RESULTS: Approximately 37% of the rats showed a reduced bradycardic peak, bradycardic reflex and decreased bradycardic gain of baroreflex while roughly 23% had a decreased basal HR, tachycardic peak, tachycardic reflex and reduced sympathetic baroreflex gain. No significant alterations were noted with regard to basal MAP. CONCLUSION: There is variability regarding baroreflex sensitivity among WKY rats from the same laboratory.

Vitor E. Valenti

2010-01-01

297

Endogenous induced technical change and the costs of Kyoto  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many predictions and conclusions in the climate change literature have been made and drawn on the basis of theoretical analyses and quantitative models that are either static or that allow for simple forms of changes in technology, often along exogenously given time paths. It is therefore not clear a priori whether those conclusions and policy recipes still hold in the more realistic case of endogenously evolving technologies. In this paper, a quantitative tool with the features of an endogenous growth model is presented, which also accounts for the possibility that technical change can be induced by environmental policy measures. Both the output production technology and the emission-output ratio depend upon the stock of knowledge, which accumulates through R and D activities. R and D is thus an additional policy variable that comes into play along with pollution abatement and capital investment. Two versions of this climate model are studied, one with endogenous technical change but exogenous environmental technical change (i.e. no induced technical change) and the other with both endogenous and induced technical change. Hence, in both models technical change evolves endogenously as far as the production technology is concerned, but endogenous environmental (or induced) technical change is only accounted for in the second version. Finally, a third version of the model also captures technological spillover effects. As an application, the three versions of the model aication, the three versions of the model are simulated allowing for trade of pollution permits as specified in the Kyoto Protocol and assessing the implications in terms of cost efficiency, economic growth and R and D efforts of the three different specifications of technical change

298

A Case Study: An ACT Stress Management Group in a University Counseling Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) stress management group in a college counseling center setting. This study explored (a) the effectiveness of ACT in increasing participants' ability to tolerate distress, which directly affects their ability to function in a stressful college…

Daltry, Rachel M.

2015-01-01

299

A School-Based Health Center-University Nursing Partnership: How We Filled in the GAPS  

Science.gov (United States)

Young adolescents, age 10-15 years, have increasing psychosocial and biomedical health care needs, yet are some of the lowest users of conventional health services. In eastern North Carolina, school-based health centers (SBHCs) provide primary health care to thousands of school-age children in the most rural, medically underserved areas. SBHCs…

Larson, Kim; Clark, Amy; Colborn, Brittanie; Perez, Ashley; Engelke, Martha K.; Hill, Phyllis

2011-01-01

300

Projektarbejde i fremmedsprogene: Rapport fra seminar pa Roskilde Universitetscenter (Project Work in Foreign Languages: Report from a Seminar at Roskilde University Center). ROLIG-papir 38.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes a seminar at Roskilde University Center (Denmark) on project work in foreign languages, which brought together language teachers and theorists from different schools, including universities, business schools, technical schools, merchants schools, and high schools, to discuss their experiences with project work in foreign…

Jakobsen, Karen Sonne, Ed.

 
 
 
 
301

The ALOS Kyoto &Carbon Initiative Wetlands Products: New Datasets for Wetlands Mapping and Monitoring  

Science.gov (United States)

The successsful launch on January 24, 2006 of the Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) initiated the acquisition of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) datasets dedicated to monitoring the world's major wetland regions. The Japanese Earth Resources Satellite (JERS-1, operational from 1992 to 1998, demonstrated the unique capabilities of L-band SAR for mapping wetland hydrology. While inundation and freeze-thaw mapping were successfully carried out over the Amazon and Congo basins and the boreal forest region through the Global Rainforest and Boreal Forest Mapping Projects using 1990s-era JERS-1 mosaics, the limited temporal coverage of these datasets did not permit full characterization of seasonal inundation or freeze-thaw dynamics. The ALOS Kyoto & Carbon Initiative of JAXA's Earth Observation Research and Applications Center has designed an acquisition plan for ALOS Phased Array L-band SAR (PALSAR) datasets specifically aimed at seasonal mapping of wetland hydrology. Observations with the ScanSAR mode (~150 m resolution, 350 km swath width) are targeted to the major wetland regions of the globe at a 45-day repeat interval. Planned datasets to be derived from PALSAR include wetland extent, vegetation structure, and seasonal inundation or freeze-thaw extent for the tropical and boreal regions, and mapping and assessment of key wetland functional types such as mangroves, tropical peatlands, paddy rice, and lakes. These products will provide the basis for science applications such as trace gas and hydrologic modeling, as well as for habitat mapping for biodiversity assessment and conservation planning.

Hess, L. L.; McDonald, K.; Rosenqvist, A.; Shimada, M.

2006-12-01

302

Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2012. Tracking progress towards Kyoto and 2020 targets  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

At the end of 2011, almost all European countries were on track towards their Kyoto targets for 2008-2012. The EU-15 also remained on track to achieve its Kyoto target. Italy, however, was not on track. Spain plans to acquire a large quantity of Kyoto units through the KP's flexible mechanisms to achieve its target. With emission caps already set for the economic sectors under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), emissions reductions during 2012 in the sectors outside the EU ETS together with reductions by carbon sinks will set the frame for how many Kyoto units Member States need to acquire to reach their individual targets. Hence, both the development and delivery of adequate plans to acquire enough Kyoto credits is becoming increasingly important. ETS emissions from 2008 to 2011 were on average 5 % below these caps, which results in an oversupply of allowances. The EU ETS is undergoing important changes in view of the third trading phase from 2013 to 2020. Most EU Member States project that in 2020, their emissions outside the EU ETS will be lower than their national targets set under the Climate and Energy Package. However, further efforts will be necessary to achieve longer term reductions. (Author)

Gores, S.; Scheffler, M.; Graichen, V. [Oeko-Institut (Oeko), Freiburg (Germany)] [and others

2012-10-15

303

The center for plant and microbial complex carbohydrates at the University of Georgia Complex Carbohydrate Research Center. Annual report, September 15, 1990--December 31, 1991  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research from the Complex Carbohydrates Research Center at the University of Georgia is presented. Topics include: Structural determination of soybean isoflavones which specifically induce Bradyrhizobium japonicum nodD1 but not the nodYABCSUIJ operon; structural analysis of the lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) from symbiotic mutants of Bradyrhizobium japonicum; structural characterization of lipooligosaccharides from Bradyrhizobium japonicum that are required for the specific nodulation of soybean; structural characterization of the LPSs from R. Leguminosarum biovar phaseoli, the symbiont of bean; characterization of bacteroid-specific LPS epitopes in R. leguminosarum biovar viciae; analysis of the surface polysaccharides of Rhizobium meliloti mutants whose lipopolysaccharides and extracellular polysaccharides can have the same function in symbiosis; characterization of a polysaccharide produced by certain Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains within soybean nodules; structural analysis of a streptococcal adhesin polysaccharide receptor; conformational studies of xyloglucan, the role of the fucosylated side chain in surface-specific cellulose-xyloglucan interactions; the structure of an acylated glucosamine oligosaccharide signal molecule (nod factor) involved in the symbiosis of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae with its host Vicia sativa; investigating membrane responses induced by oligogalacturonides in cultured cells; the polygalacturonase inhibitor protein; characterization of the self-incompatability glycoproteins from Petunia hybrida; investigation of the cell wall polysaccharide structures of Arabidopsis thaliana; and the glucan inhibition of virus infection of tabacco.

Albersheim, P.; Darvill, A.

1991-08-01

304

Students’ Common Writing Problems & Practices at King Abdulaziz University: An Inquiry to Move a Writing Center From Conception Towards Conceptualization  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study reports the results of a quantitative investigation of the most shared writing problems and practices King Abdulaziz University (KAU students have in common, the students’ attitudes towards the teaching of basic writing and research methods, their readiness and attitude towards the kinds of activities writing centers usually have, and their self-perceptions with regards to writing skills. The study also attempts to shed some light on how the student service centers (SSC affect students’ self-reliance and their academic achievement. The study also examines the feasibility of using the concept of writing center at King Abdulaziz. Findings of the questionnaire to which 543 subjects have responded rendered indications that a history of seeking help from SSCs exists among students, who also pointed out the need for professional academic help to be provided on campus, and the determination to use such services if conceptualized. The study also found that a US model of WCs is feasible and reliable to adopt. A number of recommendations conclude the study.

Khalid Mohammed Abalhassan

2014-12-01

305

On the Universality of Jordan Centers for Estimating Infection Sources in Tree Networks  

CERN Document Server

Finding the infection sources in a network when we only know the network topology and infected nodes, but not the rates of infection, is a challenging combinatorial problem, and it is even more difficult in practice where the underlying infection spreading model is usually unknown a priori. In this paper, we are interested in finding a source estimator that is applicable to various spreading models, including the Susceptible-Infected (SI), Susceptible-Infected-Recovered (SIR), Susceptible-Infected-Recovered-Infected (SIRI), and Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible (SIS) models. We show that under the SI, SIR and SIRI spreading models and with mild technical assumptions, the Jordan center is the infection source associated with the most likely infection path in a tree network with a single infection source. This conclusion applies for a wide range of spreading parameters, while it holds for regular trees under the SIS model with homogeneous infection and recovery rates. Since the Jordan center does not depend on t...

Luo, Wuqiong; Leng, Mei

2014-01-01

306

Building a Creative-Arts Therapy Group at a University Counseling Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Creative-arts therapy groups offer university students powerful ways to address intrapersonal and interpersonal concerns. These groups combine the strengths of a traditional process group with the benefits of participation in the expressive arts. The creative process draws students in, invites insight and introspection, and facilitates outward…

Boldt, Randal W.; Paul, Sherin

2011-01-01

307

IDEAL: Integrating Computerized Educational Methods at the University of Washington Health Sciences Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

At the University of Washington, the IAIMS initiative has helped the six Health Sciences schools integrate the use of computers into their curricula. This presentation will describe these efforts, focusing on a multi-tiered approach to computer based instructional development and on the Innovations in Health Sciences Teaching awards.

Solomon, Clifford E.; Barrett, Jim E.

1998-01-01

308

A Collaborative Effort at Marketing the University: Detailing a Student-Centered Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the authors describe the use of an experiential team-based project in a capstone marketing management course. In the project, students worked with the university administration to develop a marketing plan for the Admissions Office's Tour Guide Program. The authors discuss why such marketing activities are important to colleges and…

Washburn, Judith H.; Petroshius, Susan M.

2004-01-01

309

An example of a DOE [Department of Energy]/university partnership: South Carolina Pilot Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A consortium of educational institutions in South Carolina proposed to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in July 1989 a working partnership for mutual improvement of technical capability in the environmental restoration and waste management fields. The institutions forming the consortium are Clemson University, the University of South Carolina, the Medical University of South Carolina, and South Carolina State College. A major component of the partnership is applied research closely coupled with the problems and issues of the Savannah River site regarding demonstration of waste management processes and concepts of disposal and disposal site closure. A primary benefit to DOE from this partnership is expected to be improved public perception of the actions being taken by DOE to protect the public, particularly in areas of environmental restoration and waste management. It is evident at the Savannah River site that this is a key factor in successfully achieving the site's mission. The strength of the interest of the South Carolina institutions in developing initiatives in waste management forecasts a healthy long-term prospect for the partnership. The State of South Carolina has established a hazardous waste research fund of approximately $650 thousand annually for research by the partnership universities to seek better ways to maintain a healthy environment and to reduce, dispose of, or store waste products safely

310

DCCPS: HCIRB: CECCR: Center for Health Communication Research, University of Michigan  

Science.gov (United States)

Dr. Strecher founded the University of Michigan’s Health Media Research Laboratory (HMRL), a multidisciplinary team of behavioral scientists, health educators, instructional designers, computer engineers, graphic artists, project managers, and students from a wide variety of disciplines (public health, epidemiology, psychology, computer engineering, information science, art, music, and others). The HMRL, along with Dr.

311

Environmental and Natural Resource Science and Learner-Centered, Integrative Education at Humboldt State University  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Three recent workshops by three different organizations: 1. Project Kaleidoscope Assemblies, “Taking Advantage of New Opportunities for Environmental Sciences”; 2. Renewable Natural Resources Foundation, “Conference on Personnel Trends, Education Policy, and Evolving Roles of Federal and State Natural Resources Agencies”; 3. Association of American Colleges and Universities, “Achieving Greater Expectations” have synergistically made the compelling argument for integrative learning...

Carlson, Steven A.

2004-01-01

312

Emission trading in Slovakia is not bound to Kyoto  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

After Pentagon published its report problems related to changes in climate became an important discussion topic again. The report indicates that future temperature increase could have fatal impacts like flooding of Netherlands. Representatives of Slovak National Climate Program do not completely share this view. They consider it to be the worst scenario - catastrophic scenario. And they are also positive that the emissions of greenhouse gases that are the main reason for these changes of climate will decrease. EU is currently working on Directives that will support one of the possible solutions - emission trading and will make this trade independent from ratification of the Kyoto protocol. The basic principle is simple - a country with production of the greenhouse gases below the legally set level or below the level set out by international agreement on climatic changes will have some spare emission quotas that can be traded i.e. sold to a country that produces more gases then allowed. And based on such an agreement signed between a Slovak and Japanese company, Japan will be allowed to produce more greenhouse gases if it can prove that there is an area in the world where the production is below the limit. But, at the same time, it will have to pay for this over-production. Starting next year over 12-thousand companies will be allowed to participate in this business. At the moment an act on emission trading is being prepared in Slovakia. It should have been completed b Slovakia. It should have been completed by end of January but the approval process is being delayed. Similar acts are under preparation also in other countries and not even the EU member states have passed them yet. The National Allocation Plan in Slovakia should distribute the emission quotas to about 200 companies. Many European politicians consider the emission trade an effective economic tool provided it will be used as motivation for decrease of greenhouse gas production. And so all companies participating in this project will handle in accordance with European Commission Directives and the future Slovak Act on Emission Trading

313

Emission Trading and the Kyoto protocol: Are they efficient economic instruments?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto Protocol establishes a tradeable permits market for green house gases -GHG- emissions to reduce the costs of meeting the Protocol obligations. Economic theory provides the arguments to support the creation of GHG tradeable permits. Several economic researches have shown that vis-a-vis command and control regulations, tradeable permits induce economic agents to achieve environmental goals at a minimum cost. However, the conditions to minimize costs through tradeable permits are stringent. Tradeable permits require well functioning markets, e.g. perfect competition and perfect information. The tradeable permits market created by the Kyoto Protocol hardly meet these necessary conditions. Some countries like Japan, Great Britain and the United Stated are large emitters and thus may exert market power. Price manipulation may have implications over the static and dynamic efficiency of the permits. This paper takes a first look to the consequences of imperfect markets on the tradeable permit system of the Kyoto Protocol

314

The roles of parties with different commitments under the Kyoto Protocol and implications for NAFTA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A government perspective on climate change negotiations was presented with particular reference to Canada's cleaner energy exports, the Kyoto mechanism and the second commitment period. The author emphasized the importance of cleaner energy exports for Canada, although progress is likely to be slow in this area because of the opposition among other Parties. Whatever approach the United States takes to trading, it must be compatible with the Kyoto Protocol. Eligibility for trading in North America was discussed with reference to what effect Canada's ratification of the Protocol would have on energy exports. It was noted that if Canada ratifies, it could be both a buyer and a seller, whereas the United States could only buy and Mexico could only sell. The author also suggested that developing countries or major emitters should take on commitments in order to provide greater compatibility in the North American context, especially if the United States rejoined the Kyoto Protocol

315

Market-based implementation of Kyoto commitments: how the financial/insurance sector can support industry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The implementation of the Kyoto Protocol in the context of the Framework Convention on Climate Change will probably lead to economic winners and losers in various sectors of the economy. Especially carbon intensive industries will need to develop hedging strategies to prevent potential negative effects and to optimise market opportunities. Such strategies can be based on technological innovation, market and product diversification, and on financial/legal offsets. The Kyoto Protocol has introduced new market-based instruments, which can, in a near future provide such hedging opportunities. These include joint implementation, the so-called clean development mechanism, and international emissions trading. The financial services and insurance sector are the natural partners of industry in designing tailored hedging strategies. It is recommended that industry, financial services and insurance companies take a more proactive role in further developing the market-based instruments established by the Kyoto Protocol. (Author)

316

Corrosion Research Center of the University of Minnesota. Progress report, July 1, 1980-December 31, 1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At present, the research ranges from the quantum mechanics of the corrosion unit reactions, organic and inorganic coatings, surface reactions on polymers, metals and semiconductors to high-temperature chemistry of interest to solar-energy conversion. A second objective of the Center is to increase the utilization of corrosion data by the technical community through education and through the dissemination of appropriately formatted information. At present, two projects are in the planning stage for the near future. One is a pedagogical symposium on corrosion in microelectronic components and systems; the other is a series of lectures and videotapes, as well as a workshop on cathodic protection

317

Corrosion Research Center of the University of Minnesota. Progress report, January 1-December 31, 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many of the projects which began with the inception of the Corrosion Research Center in early 1980 have progressed from the stage of acquisition and assembly of apparatus to that of generation of research results. In the area of research on surface reactions, notable progress has been made on the microscopic theory of corrosion, most importantly the recognition that the quantum mechanical depletion layer at the metal layer makes an appreciable contribution to the potential drop across the metal-electrolyte interface and to the capacitance of the interface

318

Beyond Kyoto :CO2 permit prices and the markets for fossil fuels  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper analyses the markets for fossil fuels given that the limits that the Kyoto Protocol sets on CO2 emissions from Annex B countries extend beyond 2008-2012. To our knowledge we are the first to apply a forward-looking model with endogenous prices for fossil fuels in analysis of specific CO2 emission targets, under different assumptions concerning OPEC behaviour. We calculate both the time-path of the international permit prices needed for the Kyoto targets as well as the implications ...

Lindholt, Lars

1999-01-01

319

Luther contre le protocole de Kyoto ou le retour des « indulgences ».  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Le 16 février 2005 a marqué la mise en œuvre du Protocole de Kyoto. En fait, depuis l’annonce par la Russie, le 25 octobre 2004, de sa décision de ratifier ce protocole, l’affaire était entendue. Menacé depuis le refus des États-Unis, l’un des plus grands pollueurs de la planète, de ne pas le ratifier pour des raisons purement économiques alors que ce pays produit à lui seul 40 % des gaz à effet de serre ( ges , l’accord survenu à Kyoto en 1997 est enfin entériné et ...

Bernard Jouve

2005-05-01

320

Prospective analysis of beyond Kyoto climate policy: a sequential game framework  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This article proposes a sequential game methodology to analyse the long-term climate policy prospects. Players can sequentially choose the best policy, among a series of policy options, while reacting to past moves of the other players. In order to illustrate the game methodology, a numerical optimisation exercise is made, based on a simple integrated assessment model. The non-cooperative equilibrium arising from a five-stage sequential game with two large players (Annex B and non-Annex B regions), which tries to replicate the Kyoto and beyond Kyoto scenarios, is studied

 
 
 
 
321

The role of nuclear energy in Lithuania under various post-Kyoto climate change mitigation regimes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The article aims to evaluate the potential role of nuclear energy in Lithuania under various post-Kyoto climate change mitigation regimes. Seeking to achieve this target the analysis of possible energy sector development scenarios in Lithuania was performed and CO2 emission projections for these scenarios were developed. The analysis of post-Kyoto climate change mitigation architectures was performed and the requirements of these possible climate change mitigation regimes for greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction in Lithuania were assessed. Based on these assessments the potential role of new nuclear power in Lithuania was identified under various future climate change mitigation regimes

322

EFFECTIVENESS OF RISK MANAGEMENT IN DIRECTLY RAW MILK SELLING AT “E. AVANZI” CENTER OF PISA UNIVERSITY  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Authors show the results about the effectiveness verification of prevention measures adopted in raw milk directly selling at “E. Avanzi” Centre of Pisa University. The good hygienic practices applied during production, storage and selling phases demonstrated to guarantee, in raw milk, conditions complying to hygienic criteria provided for the current regulation in Tuscany. The effectiveness verification about risk communication, carried out interviewing a sample of buyers, shows a...

Rindi, S.; Forzale, F.; Nuvoloni, R.; D’ascenzi, C.; Nicodemi, L.; Pedonese, F.

2010-01-01

323

Japan Nuclear Reaction Data Center (JCPRG), Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Steering Committee. Progress report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Japan Nuclear Reaction Data center (JCPRG) started at Apri1, 2007. The center has three main tasks: 1) database activities, 2) data evaluations and 3) Asian network activities. We are continuing data compilation for charged-particle nuclear reaction data obtained in Japan. We are scanning 17 journals for Japanese charged-particle and photo-nuclear nuclear reaction data compilation: PR/C, PRL, PL/B, EPJ/A, NST, NIM/A, NIM/B, JPJ, ARI, RCA, JRN, KPS, NSTS, CPL, ZP/A, PAN and JNRS. After Memo CP-E No.136, we newly found up 6 mistakes (Memo CP-E No.137) of the CINDA master file in bibliographic information. These 2 memos were reviewed at NEA Data Bank (A45, NRDC 2008). Cooperating with them, we verified error propagation from EXFOR to CINDA. Actually that had happened in the 34 lines (Memo CP-D No.561). Current EXFOR or NRDF Format is specific to itself. We suppose that a nuclear data exchange format of the next generation should be defined based on XML. If the exchange format was redefined based on XML, the data available from libraries (EXFOR, NRDF, etc.) would enable us to have wider common bases for our various software applications. We highly appreciate the presentation of Viktor Zerkin and discussions held in Sapporo, on March, 2009. To achieve an exchange format agreed, we will continue to gain various experiences with using XML and to apply the IntelligentPad technology for EXFOR systems

324

Observation of immuno-labeled cells at high resolution using soft X-ray microscope at Ritsumeikan University SR Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Mouse fibroblast cell line NIH3T3 cells were labeled with the heavy metal (silver and gold) and observed intracellular structure under an X-ray microscope. Microtubules, Golgi apparatus and early endosomes of NIH3T3 cells were stained with immuno-gold nanoparticles, and immuno-staining was intensified by silver or gold enhancement procedure. Using a transmission soft X-ray microscope beamline (BL12) at Ritsumeikan University SR center, we observed immuno-stained NIH3T3 cells with several wavelengths just below and above oxygen edge (? = 2.32 nm). Using this method, cytoskeleton (microtubules) and organelles (Golgi apparatus and early endosomes) were successfully imaged with high resolution. Thus, immuno-gold silver and gold enhancement technique is useful for specific labeling of intracellular structure under an X-ray microscope.

325

Observation of immuno-labeled cells at high resolution using soft X-ray microscope at Ritsumeikan University SR Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Mouse fibroblast cell line NIH3T3 cells were labeled with the heavy metal (silver and gold) and observed intracellular structure under an X-ray microscope. Microtubules, Golgi apparatus and early endosomes of NIH3T3 cells were stained with immuno-gold nanoparticles, and immuno-staining was intensified by silver or gold enhancement procedure. Using a transmission soft X-ray microscope beamline (BL12) at Ritsumeikan University SR center, we observed immuno-stained NIH3T3 cells with several wavelengths just below and above oxygen edge ({lambda} = 2.32 nm). Using this method, cytoskeleton (microtubules) and organelles (Golgi apparatus and early endosomes) were successfully imaged with high resolution. Thus, immuno-gold silver and gold enhancement technique is useful for specific labeling of intracellular structure under an X-ray microscope.

Yamamoto, A [Nagahama Institute of Bio-Science and Technology, 1266, Tamura-cho, Nagahama, Shiga, 526-0829 (Japan); Takemoto, K; Kihara, H [Department of Physics, Kansai Medical University, 18-89 Uyamahigashi, Hirakata, Osaka, 573-1136 (Japan); Fukui, T; Yoshimura, Y; Namba, H [Department of Physical Science, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1, Noji-Higashi, Kusatsu, Shiga, 525-8577 (Japan); Okuno, K, E-mail: takemoto@makino.kmu.ac.j [SR Center, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1, Noji-Higashi Kusatsu, Shiga, 525-8577 (Japan)

2009-09-01

326

Observation of immuno-labeled cells at high resolution using soft X-ray microscope at Ritsumeikan University SR Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Mouse fibroblast cell line NIH3T3 cells were labeled with the heavy metal (silver and gold) and observed intracellular structure under an X-ray microscope. Microtubules, Golgi apparatus and early endosomes of NIH3T3 cells were stained with immuno-gold nanoparticles, and immuno-staining was intensified by silver or gold enhancement procedure. Using a transmission soft X-ray microscope beamline (BL12) at Ritsumeikan University SR center, we observed immuno-stained NIH3T3 cells with several wavelengths just below and above oxygen edge (? = 2.32 nm). Using this method, cytoskeleton (microtubules) and organelles (Golgi apparatus and early endosomes) were successfully imaged with high resolution. Thus, immuno-gold silver and gold enhancement technique is useful for specific labeling of intracellular structure under an X-ray microscope.

Yamamoto, A.; Takemoto, K.; Fukui, T.; Yoshimura, Y.; Okuno, K.; Namba, H.; Kihara, H.

2009-09-01

327

Future trends in pulsed power technology at the Center for Electromechanics at the University of Texas at Austin  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the past decade, the feasibility of using rotating electrical machines as pulsed power supplies has been demonstrated. Tokomaks, laser-flash lamps, and electromagnetic (EM) accelerators are examples of devices successfully powered by pulsed generators. Although they are not well suited for driving all loads, i.e., very high voltages (MVs) or microsecond pulse widths, for applications that require a large amount of energy (multi-MJs) and/or field portability, pulsed generators are an attractive alternative. Future trends at the Center for Electromechanics at The University of Texas at Austin (CEM-UT) are reported. They include improving energy density, power density, and shaping current and voltage waveforms as required for specific applications

328

X-ray imaging of picoplankton in Lake Biwa by soft X-ray microscope at Ritsumeikan University SR Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lake Biwa is the largest lake in Japan. Recently, its chemical oxygen demand (COD) index is increasing in spite of a decrease in the values of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) index. In order to elucidate the mechanism, the first X-ray of a microstructure of picoplanktons inhabiting Lake Biwa was taken. After chemical fixation treatment, the laboratory-cultured Synechococcus cells were observed by soft X-ray microscope (BL12) of Ritsumeikan University SR Center. Each cell shows a dark sub-micron core. The low contrast region around the core can be interpreted as agar layers. The cells were estimated as 0.7?m in diameter and agar layers were estimate as 1.2?m in diameter. Namely the agar layer increases the quantification of organic compounds by factor of 1.7.

329

Development of low emittance electron-gun system for linac in Research Center for Electron Photon Science, Tohoku University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new electron gun with low emittance using a LaB6 thermionic cathode and low voltage but high field gradient has been developed for use injection into old 300 MeV linac in Research Center for Electron Photon Science Tohoku University. A maximum energy of 50 kV, a current of up to 300 mA , pulse width of 1-5 ?s and repetition rate of up to 300 pps were obtained respectively. The normalized emittance were measured to be less than 2?mm mrad. Moreover, an S-bund prebuncher was fabricated for the new electron gun. An integrated long run operating was examined which has satisfied the most strict requirements. (author)

330

Annual Report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, Nuclear and Solid State Research Project, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 1977, 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator has been operated by the University's researchers and engineers. Except for the tank opening for regular inspection we met twice the troubles which forced to change the accelerating tube. The experiences teach us that it needs about 20 days to finish the conditioning after changing the accelerating tube. A sputter ion source of new version is now being installed on the top floor. Two devices for the detection of X-rays were tested. An apparatus for bombardment of samples in air for biological and medical sciences has been successfully used. The subjects of researches on nuclear physics cover the light-ion reactions, heavy-ion reactions and nuclear spectroscopy. A special emphasis has been put on the measurements on vector- and tensor-analyzing powers in the light-ion reactions, because of a higher efficiency of the polarized ion source. Elaborate works on the heavy-ion reactions including the angular correlation patterns and excitation functions have been made in parallel. Papers of these works are now being prepared, a few having been published already. Moreover, in the University of Tsukuba, a new research system, called Special Research Project on Nuclear and Solid State Sciences Using Accelerated Beams (Nuclear and Solid State Research Project) started in 1978 and will continue for five years. In this research project, researchers from various Institutes in the University of Tsukuba, as well as visiting researchers from other institutions in Japan and from abroad, participate. Using a variety of accelerated beams, i.e. of heavy, light and polarized beams, this research project aims mainly at the high excitation, short life, transient and inhomogeneous states both in nuclear and extra-nuclear world. It covers both fundamental research in nuclear, atomic and solid state sciences as well as their application in various fields. (J.P.N.)

331

Cost saving methods in University/Health Center radioactive waste disposal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A brief description is given of the various measures that have been, are being, and will soon be instituted by the Radiation Safety Office of Temple University, Philadelphia to reduce the volume of radioactive waste transferred to commercial handlers. The categories of waste considered are 1) liquid scintillation vials containing 3H or 14C in concentrations 3H or 14C in average concentrations 3H or 14C and 5) nuclear medicine waste. The alternative radioactive waste processing procedures will result in a 47% reduction in expenditure. (U.K.)

332

Texas A and M University Nuclear Science Center. Twenty-first progress report, January 1-December 31, 1984  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nuclear Science Center is operated by the Texas Engineering Experiment Station as a service to the Texas A and M University System and the State of Texas. The facility is available to the University, other educational institutions, governmental agencies, and private organizations and individuals. Reactor utilization decreased from 1983 as indicated by a slightly smaller number of samples irradiated and of total irradiations. Core VIII, established in December 1982, was used throughout 1984. Several major facility projects modifications, and improvements were completed during the past year. Experimentally the Beam Port No. 4 reflector and shutter was improved, the pulsing instrumentation is being expanded, and the pneumatic system controller developed for Lab No. 4 is now in use in the Center for Trace Characterization (CTC) and Shell Development labs. Several operational problems occurred in 1984 but did not result in a significant loss of reactor operating time. During this reporting period there were no changes made to the site area; however, there has been made a proposal to extend the runway at nearby Easterwood Airport such tha larger aircraft can be accommodated. This extension should occur in 1985 and should have no affect on the air traffic patterns relative to the NSC. Administratively during 1984 efforts have been made to stabilize the reactor operations staff following the mid year resignations of both a Reactor Supervisor and Manager of Reactor Operations. A long term replacement has been hired to fill the vacated Reactor Supervisor position; however, the manager position has not yet been filled and those duties have been assumed by the Assistant Director

333

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program: Center of Automotive Technology Excellence in Advanced Hybrid Vehicle Technology at West Virginia University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes the technical and educational achievements of the Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center at West Virginia University (WVU), which was created to emphasize Advanced Hybrid Vehicle Technology. The Center has supported the graduate studies of 17 students in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and the Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering. These students have addressed topics such as hybrid modeling, construction of a hybrid sport utility vehicle (in conjunction with the FutureTruck program), a MEMS-based sensor, on-board data acquisition for hybrid design optimization, linear engine design and engine emissions. Courses have been developed in Hybrid Vehicle Design, Mobile Source Powerplants, Advanced Vehicle Propulsion, Power Electronics for Automotive Applications and Sensors for Automotive Applications, and have been responsible for 396 hours of graduate student coursework. The GATE program also enhanced the WVU participation in the U.S. Department of Energy Student Design Competitions, in particular FutureTruck and Challenge X. The GATE support for hybrid vehicle technology enhanced understanding of hybrid vehicle design and testing at WVU and encouraged the development of a research agenda in heavy-duty hybrid vehicles. As a result, WVU has now completed three programs in hybrid transit bus emissions characterization, and WVU faculty are leading the Transportation Research Board effort to define life cycle costs for hybrid transit buses. Research and enrollment records show that approximately 100 graduate students have benefited substantially from the hybrid vehicle GATE program at WVU.

Nigle N. Clark

2006-12-31

334

Strong leadership and teamwork drive culture and performance change: Ohio State University Medical Center 2000-2006.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several characteristics of academic health centers have the potential to create high levels of internal conflict and misalignment that can pose significant leadership challenges. In September 2000, the positions of Ohio State University (OSU) senior vice president for health sciences, dean of the medical school, and the newly created position of chief executive officer of the OSU Medical Center (OSUMC) were combined under a single leader to oversee the OSUMC. This mandate from the president and trustees was modeled after top institutions with similar structures. The leader who assumed the role was tasked with improving OSUMC's academic, clinical, and financial performance. To achieve this goal, the senior vice president and his team employed the service value chain model of improving performance, based on the premise that leadership behavior/culture drives employee engagement/satisfaction, leading to customer satisfaction and improved organizational performance. Implementing this approach was a seven-step process: (1) selecting the right leadership team, (2) assessing the challenges and opportunities, (3) setting expectations for performance and leadership behavior, (4) aligning structures and functions, (5) engaging constituents, (6) developing leadership skills, and (7) defining strategies and tracking goals. The OSUMC setting during this period provides an observational case study to examine how these stepwise changes, instituted by strong leadership and teamwork, were able to make and implement sound decisions that drove substantial and measurable improvements in the engagement and satisfaction of faculty and staff; the satisfaction of students and patients; and academic, clinical, and financial performance. PMID:18728440

Sanfilippo, Fred; Bendapudi, Neeli; Rucci, Anthony; Schlesinger, Leonard

2008-09-01

335

Patient dose from radiographic rejects/repeats in radiology centers of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Medical diagnostic X-rays are the largest manmade source of ionizing radiation received by the members of the general public. The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiographic reject/repeat rate and also to determine dose to the patients from radiographic rejects/repeats in radiology centers of Urmia University of Medical Sciences. During a 4 month period the most frequently examinations were chosen in three radiology centers. A form was designed as a reject/repeat analysis form for radiographers to complete each time a film was rejected by radiologists or repeated. The collected data were compiled at the end of each week and entered into a computer for analysis at the end of study. The results of this study showed that highest and lowest repetition rates were for pelvis, 14.01% and upper limb, 4.17%, respectively. The main reasons of repetition of radiographs were due to exposure (54% and positioning (18% errors. The average repeat rate in all three hospitals was 7.20%. It was found that human error has important role to repetition of radiographs. It is demonstrated that those patients having repeated radiographs received an average of 3.23 Gy·cm2. Based on the findings of this study it must be remembered that the highest repetition rate was for pelvis. Considering the radiosensitive organs related to pelvis especially in pediatric patients some special considerations must be applied for pelvis examinations.

Leili Rahmatnezhad

2012-02-01

336

University 4.4 – A Development Strategy for Education and Research Centers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Due to increased demand for qualified human resources, for 'new & rare skills', for software solutions, reliable products and services in the field of applied informatics, there are large available financial funds that can be accessed by Informatics and Cybernetics schools. Edu-cational and research departments must capitalize funds provided by the Europe-an/international institutions and private companies, by supporting the creation of spin-off en-tities that will conduct technology transfer projects. These funds must be used to increase the quality of teaching and to improve research results by assuring the financial needs and tech-nical resources of teachers (project based payments, students (scholarships projects and the community (public available projects. The presented strategy, University 4.4 describes four development directions for a four years period. It has been developed by Catalin Boja, Razvan Bologa, Marius Popa and Cristian Toma and since November 2011 it represents the assumed development strategy of The Department of Economic Informatics and Cybernetics (DICE from The Bucharest University of Economic Studies.

Catalin BOJA

2011-01-01

337

Hurricane Public Health Research Center at Louisiana State University a Case of Academia Being Prepared  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent floods along the Atlantic and Gulf seaboards and elsewhere in the world before Katrina had demonstrated the complexity of public health impacts including trauma; fires; chemical, sewerage, and corpse contamination of air and water; and diseases. We realized that Louisiana's vulnerability was exacerbated because forty percent of the state is coastal zone in which 70% of the population resides. Ninety percent of this zone is near or below sea level and protected by man-made hurricane-protection levees. New Orleans ranked among the highest in the nation with respect to potential societal, mortality, and economic impacts. Recognizing that emergency responders had in the past been unprepared for the extent of the public health impacts of these complex flooding disasters, we created a multi-disciplinary, multi-campus research center to address these issues for New Orleans. The Louisiana Board of Regents, through its millennium Health Excellence Fund, awarded a 5-year contract to the Center in 2001. The research team combined the resources of natural scientists, social scientists, engineers, and the mental health and medical communities. We met annually with a Board of Advisors, made up of federal, state, local government, and non-governmental agency officials, first responders and emergency managers. Their advice was invaluable in acquiring various datasets and directing aspects of the various research efforts. Our center developed detailed models for assessment and amelioration of public health impacts due to hurricanes and major floods. Initial research had showed that a Category 3 storm would cause levee overtopping, and that most levee systems were unprotected from the impacts of storm-induced wave erosion. Sections of levees with distinct sags suggested the beginnings of foundation and subsidence problems. We recognized that a slow moving Cat 3 could flood up to the eaves of houses and would have residence times of weeks. The resultant mix of sewage, corpses and chemicals in these standing flood waters would set the stage for massive disease outbreaks and prolonged chemical exposure. Before Katrina, population evacuation behavior had been determined, computer models could be used to predict storm surge flooding, government databases and GIS technology allowed documentation of at-risk areas, probable chemical and sewerage release sites had been mapped, tropical disease experts and social scientists had determined possible public health impacts; that injured and displaced animal pets and wild animals would be a major problem had been identified; and, an interactive GIS database was available for utilization in all aspects of the assessment and remediation post landfall. The value of this project has been many-fold. First, before Katrina it had a positive impact on emergency preparedness in the state of Louisiana. Second, during the hurricane Katrina catastrophe the project offered a major service to the state as the various data sets and research outputs were extensively used throughout the flooding thus reducing deaths, disease, pain, and suffering. Third, the model of academia aiding in disaster science and management is being exported nationally and internationally. Finally, our research results are applicable to other complex disasters such as earthquakes, tornadoes, chemical spills or terrorism.

van Heerden, I. L.

2006-12-01

338

EFFECTIVENESS OF RISK MANAGEMENT IN DIRECTLY RAW MILK SELLING AT “E. AVANZI” CENTER OF PISA UNIVERSITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Authors show the results about the effectiveness verification of prevention measures adopted in raw milk directly selling at “E. Avanzi” Centre of Pisa University. The good hygienic practices applied during production, storage and selling phases demonstrated to guarantee, in raw milk, conditions complying to hygienic criteria provided for the current regulation in Tuscany. The effectiveness verification about risk communication, carried out interviewing a sample of buyers, shows as, beside a predominant attitude towards attention to potential hygienic risks, overstay areas of reduced awareness about food risk and the ways to manage prevention. Authors hope for, in this context, such as in other similar productions, the approach yet launched towards continuous improvement of good hygienic practices adopted by businesses, could be extended to risk communication, with the aim to promote conscious and responsable choices of consumer.

S. Rindi

2010-03-01

339

Industrial output restriction and the Kyoto protocol. An input-output approach with application to Canada  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this paper is to assess the economic impacts of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by decreasing industrial output in Canada to a level that will meet the target set out in the Kyoto Protocol. The study uses an ecological-economic Input-Output model combining economic components valued in monetary terms with ecologic components - GHG emissions - expressed in physical terms. Economic and greenhouse gas emissions data for Canada are computed in the same sectoral disaggregation. Three policy scenarios are considered: the first one uses the direct emission coefficients to allocate the reduction in industrial output, while the other two use the direct plus indirect emission coefficients. In the first two scenarios, the reduction in industrial sector output is allocated uniformly across sectors while it is allocated to the 12 largest emitting industries in the last one. The estimated impacts indicate that the results vary with the different allocation methods. The third policy scenario, allocation to the 12 largest emitting sectors, is the most cost effective of the three as the impacts of the Kyoto Protocol reduces Gross Domestic Product by 3.1% compared to 24% and 8.1% in the first two scenarios. Computed economic costs should be considered as upper-bounds because the model assumes immediate adjustment to the Kyoto Protocol and because flexibility mechanisms are not incorporated. The resulting upper-bound impact of the third scenario may seem to contradict those who claim that the Kyoto Protocol would place an unbearable burden on the Canadian economy. (author)

Lixon, Benoit [A.D.E Consulting Services, Rue de Clairvaux, 40/101, 1348 Louvain-La-Neuve (Belgium); Thomassin, Paul J. [Department of Agricultural Economics, McGill University, Montreal (Canada); Hamaide, Bertrand [Faculty of Economics, Social and Political Sciences, Facultes Universitaires Saint-Louis, 43 boulevard du jardin botanique, 1000 Brussels (Belgium)

2008-12-01

340

Estimates of the costs of Kyoto: Marrakesh versus the McKibbin-Wilcoxen blueprint  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper, we update our earlier estimates of the cost of the Kyoto Protocol using the G-Cubed model, taking into account the new sink allowances from recent negotiations as well as allowing for multiple gases and new land clearing estimates. We then compare the protocol to an alternative policy outlined in McKibbin et al. (Brookings Policy Brief, No. 17. June, The Brookings Institution, Washington, 1997; Climate Change Policy After Kyoto: A Blueprint for a Realistic Approach, The Brookings Institution, Washington, 2002a; J. Econom. Perspect. 16(2) (2002b) 107) that does not impose rigid emissions targets. We focus particular attention on the sensitivity of compliance costs under each policy to unexpected changes in future economic conditions. To illustrate the issue, we evaluate the policies under two plausible alternative assumptions about a single aspect of the future world economy: the rate of productivity growth in Russia. We find that moderate growth in Russia would raise the cost of the Kyoto Protocol by as much as 50 percent but would have little effect on the cost of the alternative policy. We conclude that the Kyoto Protocol is inherently unstable because unexpected future events could raise compliance costs substantially and place enormous pressure on governments to abrogate the agreement. The alternative policy would be far more stable because it does not subject future governments to adverse shocks in compliance costsce costs

 
 
 
 
341

Evaluation of climate policy in the Netherlands 2005. On the way to Kyoto  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An evaluation of climate policy in the Netherlands aimed at the realization of targets as formulated in the Kyoto Protocol. The Dutch target is to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases by 6% for the period 2008-2012, compared to the emission in 1990

342

Reading the Kyoto Protocol. Ethical aspects of the convention on climate change  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by urging the international community to take measures preventing 'dangerous man-made interference with the climate system'. Since its publication in 1997, the Kyoto Protocol has triggered heated debates among scientists and politicians. According to a number of critics, the questions as to whether global warming is caused by human intervention, and whether taking appropriate measures could reduce the trend, has not yet been conclusively answered. In a limited number of countries, this situation has led to a delay in the ratification process. Only when these disputes were settled in February 2005 the Kyoto Protocol became legally binding on all the signatories. If predictions are accurate, measures have to be taken to prevent a global catastrophe. This leads to another, much overlooked, but no less important question, namely how mankind can be motivated to accept the burden attached to the measures proposed by the Kyoto Protocol; in other words, how do we find and formulate an ethical basis for measures forcing us to sacrifice some of our wealth and riches, for a cleaner, more sustainable world?

343

Museum as an integrated imaging device: visualization of ancient Kyoto cityscape from folding screen artifact  

Science.gov (United States)

Museums hold cultural resources such as artworks, historical artifacts, and folklore materials. The National Museum of Japanese History holds over 200,000 of the cultural resources. A role of museum is to exhibit the cultural resources, therefore a museum could be referred to as a visualization device for the information society. In this research, visualization of a history image from cultural resources with interactive user interface will be mentioned. The material focused on is the oldest extant version of a genre of folding screen paintings that depict the thriving city of Kyoto in the four seasons, named Rekihaku's "Scenes In and Around Kyoto" designated as a nationally important cultural property in Japan. Over 1,400 people and a lot of residences, temples, and houses are drawn, and those are also information resource telling us about city scenes and people's life in Kyoto at that time. Historical researches were done by using a high resolution digital image obtained by a large scaled scanner, and scanned images are used for computer programs to visualize a history image of ancient Kyoto. Combinations between real materials and information provided by using the computer programs are also described in this research.

Miyata, Kimiyoshi; Oyabu, Umi; Kojima, Michihiro

2012-03-01

344

Una mirada realista al mecanismo de observancia y cumplimiento del Protocolo de Kyoto  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Esta monografía busca determinar la capacidad que tiene el Mecanismo para imponer su mandato sobre los Estados y lograr la ejecución de los compromisos pactados, a través de un estudio de caso: Japón. Partiendo de que se considerará el Protocolo de Kyoto como un Régimen Internacional, visto desde la teoría del Realismo Liberal.

Romero Calle, Ana Catalina

2008-01-01

345

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba. April 1, 1996 - March 31, 1997  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator has been operated successfully from April, 1996 to January, 1997. Although the operation of the accelerator became unstable in the middle of January, it was a short period. The research in the Tandem Accelerator Center covers wide fields, that is, polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions, the nonresonant breakup of Li-7, the further refinement of the CDCC theory, fusion and fission in heavy ion reactions, nuclear structure physics by means of in-beam {gamma} ray spectroscopy, solid state physics using fast ion bemas, Moessbauer effect, NMR, the application of accelerated ion beams to PIXE, and accelerator mass spectrometry. In addition, two major installations were carried out in this academic year. One is a small tandem accelerator which was moved from Electrotechnical Laboratory in Tsukuba, and the other is a system for the production and analysis of atomic clusters. The research activities at the accelerator and experimental facilities and on experimental nuclear physics, theoretical nuclear physics, atomic and solid state physics, cluster science, and ion beam application are reported in this book. Also the list of the publications by these groups is given. Ph. D. and M. Sc. theses are listed, and the speakers and the titles of seminars are reported. (K.I.)

NONE

1997-06-01

346

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba. April 1, 1996 - March 31, 1997  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator has been operated successfully from April, 1996 to January, 1997. Although the operation of the accelerator became unstable in the middle of January, it was a short period. The research in the Tandem Accelerator Center covers wide fields, that is, polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions, the nonresonant breakup of Li-7, the further refinement of the CDCC theory, fusion and fission in heavy ion reactions, nuclear structure physics by means of in-beam ? ray spectroscopy, solid state physics using fast ion bemas, Moessbauer effect, NMR, the application of accelerated ion beams to PIXE, and accelerator mass spectrometry. In addition, two major installations were carried out in this academic year. One is a small tandem accelerator which was moved from Electrotechnical Laboratory in Tsukuba, and the other is a system for the production and analysis of atomic clusters. The research activities at the accelerator and experimental facilities and on experimental nuclear physics, theoretical nuclear physics, atomic and solid state physics, cluster science, and ion beam application are reported in this book. Also the list of the publications by these groups is given. Ph. D. and M. Sc. theses are listed, and the speakers and the titles of seminars are reported. (K.I.)

347

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba. April 1, 1997 - March 31, 1998  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report briefly described the investigations performed during the period from April 1997 to March 1998 in Tandem Accelerator Center. The 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator was reconstructed and the first beam test was carried out in Nov. 1997. In nuclear physics, the measurement of total reaction cross sections, the non-resonant breakup of {sup 7}Li and {sup 9}Be, the investigation of hole states via (p,d) reaction, nuclear structure physics by means of in-beam {gamma} ray spectroscopy and the study of the three dimensional cranking model have been performed. In interdisciplinary fields, the development of AMS system has been continued. The trace element analysis of mineral samples has been carried out by means of PIXE with the proton beam which was focused on the sample as narrow as 50 {mu}m{sup 2}. The hydrogen analysis using H({sup 19}F,{alpha}{gamma}) reaction has been started aiming at the extension of the measurement of depth profile down to a few tens of {mu}m deep region. (M.N.)

NONE

1998-06-01

348

Accreditation the Education Development Centers of Medical-Sciences Universities: Another Step toward Quality Improvement in Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: : In order to improve the quality of education in universities of medical sciences (UMS, and because of the key role of education development centers (EDCs, an accreditation scheme was developed to evaluate their performance.Method: A group of experts in the medical education field was selected based on pre-defined criteria by EDC of Ministry of Health and Medical education. The team, worked intensively for 6 months to develop a list of essential standards to assess the performance of EDCs. Having checked for the content validity of standards, clear and measurable indicators were created via consensus. Then, required information were collected from UMS EDCs; the first round of accreditation was carried out just to check the acceptability of this scheme, and make force universities to prepare themselves for the next factual round of accreditation.Results: Five standards domains were developed as the conceptual framework for defining main categories of indicators. This included: governing and leadership, educational planning, faculty development, assessment and examination and research in education. Nearly all of UMS filled all required data forms precisely with minimum confusion which shows the practicality of this accreditation scheme.Conclusion: It seems that the UMS have enough interest to provide required information for this accreditation scheme. However, in order to receive promising results, most of universities have to work intensively in order to prepare minimum levels in all required standards. However, it seems that in long term, implementation of a valid accreditation scheme plays an important role in improvement of the quality of medical education around the country.

M Mohagheghi

2013-01-01

349

Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2011. Tracking progress towards Kyoto and 2020 targets  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

At the end of 2010, the EU-15 was on track to achieve its Kyoto target but three EU-15 Member States (Austria, Italy and Luxembourg) were not on track to meet their burden-sharing targets. These countries must therefore seriously consider further action to ensure compliance, in particular revising their plans on using flexible mechanisms. Among the EEA member countries outside the EU, Liechtenstein and Switzerland were not on track to achieve their Kyoto target at the end of 2009. All other European countries are on track to meet their targets, either based on domestic emissions only or with the assistance of Kyoto mechanisms. The economic recession had a significant impact on the EU's total greenhouse gas (GHG) emission trends but a more limited effect on progress towards Kyoto targets. This is because emissions in the sectors covered by the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), which were most affected by the crisis, do not affect Kyoto compliance once ETS caps have been set. With existing national measures, Member States do not project enough emission reductions for the EU to meet its unilateral 20 % reduction commitment in 2020. Additional measures currently planned by Member States will help further reduce emissions but will be insufficient to achieve the important emission cuts needed in the longer term. By 2020 Member States must enhance their efforts to reduce emissions in non-EU ETS sectors, such as the residential, transport or agriculture sectors, where legally binding national targets have been set under the EU's 2009 climate and energy package. (Author)

Busche, J.; Scheffler, M.; Graichen, V. (Umweltbundesamt, Vienna (Austria)) (and others)

2011-10-15

350

The Kyoto Protocol Emissions Trading Mechanisms - A Model for financing future nuclear development in Romania  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At the beginning of 2001 Romania ratified the Kyoto Protocol (Law 3/2001) thus becoming the first European country to do so. The mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol are now opening new ways to sponsor the financing of nuclear projects. In May 2001 Societatea Nationala Nuclearoelectrica S.S. (SNN) and Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and ANSALDO of Italy signed a contract to complete the second CANDU unit at Cernavoda thus giving a new momentum to the nuclear program in Romania. The Government of Romania has indicated its desire to proceed with the completion of the other units on the Cernavoda site and is open to explore every potential financing mechanism to make this a reality. Although the Kyoto Protocol was not ratified by those countries that have the greatest need to reduce emissions, a market for emissions trading has developed, Canada being one of the important players in this market. Since the emission reduction per dollar invested in the Romanian nuclear program would bring much more reduction than the marginal reduction per dollar invested in environmental protection programs in Canada, where the saturation effect is already taking place, we consider that the application of the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms represents a realistic source for a sustainable cooperation of the two countries. This trend is in line with the latest activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This paper analyzes the impact that the use of emissions credits would have on a use of emissions credits would have on a typical financing scheme for a future CANDU project in Romania given the present situation and also proposes a model for the structure of the emissions trade that would generate a source of funding for the project. The conclusion is that there is real potential in using Kyoto Protocol mechanisms for financing nuclear development with benefits for both Romania and Canada. (authors)

351

Bali: an agreement in principle for post-Kyoto negotiations but no emissions reduction targets - Panorama 2008; Bali: un accord de principe pour des negociations post-Kyoto mais pas d'objectif de reduction - Panorama 2008  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Ten years have passed since December 1997, when the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was signed in Kyoto. It's been a decade of tough international negotiations, leading to the beginnings of an international CO{sub 2} emissions trading market, whose future past 2012 remains uncertain. The December negotiations in Bali may not have produced a successor to the Kyoto Protocol, but they did get all parties to the Convention to sign an agreement in principle to post- Kyoto negotiations.

NONE

2008-07-01

352

PENERAPAN KONSEP FUZZY DALAM VARIABLE-CENTERED INTELLIGENT RULE SYSTEM (Studi Kasus: Pemilihan Jurusan di Chinese University of Hongkong  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Variable-Centered Intelligent Rule System (VCIRS is a system which is inspired by Rule-based System (RBS and Ripple Down Rules (RDR. The system architecture is adapted from RBS, while from RDR this system obtained its advantages. The system organized Rule Base (RB in a special structure so that easy knowledge building, powerful knowledge inferencing and evolutionally system performance refining can be obtained in the same time. In this paper, the architecture of VCIRS is used to build an expert system for helping students to choose a department at a university. The application of this expert system is able to handle fuzzy concepts (e.g., such as good, high or rather high which is a prominent part of sentences in natural language. This system is able to cope with exact values, fuzzy (or inexact values and combined reasoning, allowing fuzzy and normal terms to be freely mixed in the rules and facts. An application example in this paper is a RBS which is employed fuzzy logic and fuzzy number for inexact reasoning. It uses two inexact basic concepts, i.e., fuzziness and uncertainty. A case study presented here is the department admission at Chinese University of Hongkong, formed in a RB containing with fuzzy and normal terms. From experiments performed, there's the proper result obtained comparing with the result from Z-II system (i.e., a comprehensive expert system builder tool developed by Chinese University of Hongkong which is this paper refers to. So that the conclusion is a fuzzy VCIRS proposed here, is working properly and producing the right and true results. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Variable-Centered Intelligent Rule System (VCIRS adalah sistem yang terinspirasi dari Rule-based System (RBS dan Ripple Down Rules (RDR. Arsitektur sistem diadaptasi dari RBS dan ia mengambil kelebihan-kelebihan dari RDR. Sistem ini mengorganisasikan basis aturan dalam sebuah struktur yang spesial sehingga kemudahan pembangunan pengetahuan, penelusuran pengetahuan yang kuat, dan perbaikan unjuk kerja sistem yang selalu berkembang dapat diperoleh pada waktu yang sama. Dalam paper ini, arsitektur VCIRS dimanfaatkan untuk membangun sebuah sistem pakar yang dapat membantu calon mahasiswa memilih jurusan pada suatu Perguruan Tinggi. Aplikasi sistem pakar ini dapat menangani konsep fuzzy seperti good, high, atau rather high, yang merupakan bagian kalimat yang sangat berarti dalam bahasa sehari-hari. Sistem ini dapat menangani nilai yang tepat/teliti, nilai fuzzy (atau tidak tepat/tidak teliti, dan jenis pertimbangan gabungan, serta mengijinkan istilah fuzzy dan istilah normal untuk digabungkan secara bebas dalam aturan dan fakta. Contoh aplikasi dalam paper ini adalah sebuah sistem berbasis aturan yang menggunakan logika fuzzy dan bilangan fuzzy untuk jenis pertimbangan yang tidak tepat/tidak teliti. Sistem ini menggunakan dua konsep dasar ketidaktepatan/ketidaktelitian, yaitu fuzziness dan uncertainty. Kasus dalam penelian ini adalah pemilihan jurusan di Chinese University of Hongkong dalam bentuk basis aturan yang didalamnya mengandung istilah fuzzy dan istilah normal. Dari uji coba yang dilakukan, didapat hasil yang sesuai dengan hasil dari sistem Z-II, yaitu alat bantu pembangun sistem pakar komprehensif yang dikembangkan di Chinese University of Hongkong, yang menjadi acuan dari paper ini. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa fuzzy VCIRS dapat bekerja dengan baik, serta memberikan hasil yang benar dan dapat dipercaya. Kata kunci: rule-based systems, VCIRS, knowledge building, knowledge inferencing, knowledge refining, logika fuzzy, bilangan fuzzy.

Irfan Subakti

2006-01-01

353

Evaluation of the "Learning by Doing" Faculty Development Program for the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities (MnSCU) Center for Teaching and Learning. Final Report Summary.  

Science.gov (United States)

Funded in 1999, the "Learning by Doing" (LBD) program of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities system Center for Teaching and Learning was designed to increase faculty knowledge, skills, and confidence in using active learning strategies. This report marks the end of an in-depth evaluation study of active learning and the effects of LBD on…

Schmitz, Connie C.; Luxenberg, Michael G.

354

Desegregation and Equal Educational Opportunity: Local Dilemmas and Government Mandates (May 24, 25, 26, 1970, University of California Conference Center, Lake Arrowhead). Conference Proceedings.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center for the Study of Intergroup Relations (University of California at Riverside) sponsored a conference on "Desegregation and Equal Educational Opportunity" in the Spring of 1970. At the conference, concerned school superintendents, school board members, researchers in the behavioral sciences, and government officials shared their…

California Univ., Riverside.

355

The Potential of the PSI and SCL-90R Subscales To Predict Post-Intake Client Return at a University Counseling Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study sought to identify differential psychological symptom status and demographic variability between male/female returners and non-returners to a university counseling center. Data were collected during intake interviews over a 9-month period (N=261). The information analyzed consisted of nine distinct subscale scores of the Symptomatic…

McCabe, Kathryn A.; Gold, Joshua M.

356

Annual report of Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University. 1994 (April 1, 1994 - March, 31, 1995)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report is a compilation of the research activities and operations of the Research Center For Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University, during the period of the academic year 1994, April 1994 to March 1995. RCNP is the national laboratory for nuclear physics in Japan. The AVF cyclotron with K = 0.14GeV and the ring cyclotron with K = 0.4GeV and EP = 0.4GeV are the major user facilities at RCNP. They have been extensively used for studying nuclear nucleon-meson systems. All facilities are open for users from universities and research institutes in Japan as well as those in foreign countries. The research activities at the RCNP cyclotron laboratory include studies of nuclear interactions and nuclear potentials, spin isospin excitations and decays nuclear reaction dynamics and others. Studies of solid state and atomic physics and medical applications were carried out also at the cyclotron laboratory. New external ion sources have been instaled for the injector cyclotron. New extensions of the RCNP research activities are under progress. One is the possible use of the 8 GeV electron storage ring built at the synchrotron radiation laboratory SPring-8. It is located 100 Km west of Osaka. It is expected to start its operation in 1997. The Compton back-scattering of laser photons from the 8 GeV electron beam provides 1-3.5 GeV ?-rays, which are very promising for studying nuclear quark and meson systems. Other is the non-accelerator physics for ultra-rare nuclear processes at the new under ground laboratory 'Ohto Cosmo Observatory'. It is located 100 km south of Osaka. Neutrino studies by investigating double beta decays, dark matter studies by investigating nuclear responses to them, and studies of other weak processes are planned to be studied there. (J.P.N.)

357

Survey of environmental radiation dose rates in Kyoto and Shiga prefectures, Japan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have measured environmental radiation dose rates in several Prefectures, such as Ai chi Prefecture, Gifu Prefecture, and Mie Prefecture, in central Japan. Recently, we measured the environmental radiation dose rates in Kyoto and Shiga Prefectures that are also located in central Japan with a car-borne survey system. At the time of measurement, Kyoto Prefecture (area: 4,613 km2) had a total of 36 districts, and Shiga Prefecture (area: 3,387 km2) a total of 26. Terrestrial gamma ray dose rates and secondary cosmic ray dose rates were measured by a 2 inches ? x 2 inches NaI(Tl) scintillation counter and a handy-type altimeter (GPS eTrex Legend by Gamin), respectively. The following factors were taken into consideration the shielding effect of the car body, the effect of the road pavement, radon progeny borne by precipitation, and increases in tunnels and near the walls. Terrestrial gamma ray dose rates in Kyoto and Shiga Prefectures were estimated to be 51.7 ± 6.0 n Gy/h (district average: 52.4 ± 4.7 n Gy/h), 52.2 ± 10.5 n Gy/h (district average: 51.9 ± 8.1 n Gy/h), respectively. Secondary cosmic ray dose rates in Kyoto and Shiga Prefectures were 30.0 ± 0.6 n Gy/h (district average: 29.9 ±0.3 n Gy/h), 30.1 ± 0.3 n Gy/h (district average: 30.0 ± 0.2 n Gy/h), respectively. The environmental radiation dose rates due to the sum dose rates of terrestrial gamma ray and secondary cosmic ray in Kyoto and Shiga Prefectures were 81.7 ± 6.2 n Gy/h (district average: 82.3 ± 4.8 n Gy/h), 82.3 ± 10.6 n Gy/h (district average: 82.0 ± 8.1 n Gy/h), respectively. We confirmed that the environmental radiation dose rates in Kyoto and Shiga Prefectures mainly depended on the change of the terrestrial gamma ray dose rates, since the secondary cosmic ray dose rates had little change. Therefore, radiation dose-rate maps of the terrestrial gamma rays as well as maps of the environmental radiation dose-rate were drawn. (author)

358

Evaluation of the mental problems of menopausal women referred to the health care centers of Ilam University of Medical Sciences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Menopause, the permanent cessation of menstruation, is an important event in the long process of climactrium, signaling a change from the years of fertility to infertility. Postmenopausal women have many physical and mental problems. Materials and Methods: The objective of this study was to determine the mental problems of menopausal women referred to the health care centers of Ilam University of Medical Sciences in 2003. The research tools in this analytical-descriptive study were a questionnaire, record sheet and standard tests composed of Beck and Cattle scales. The data were collected by interview. The samples consisted of 150 menopausal women who had been selected by random sampling method. The data analysis was done by SPSS software. Results: The results showed that short-term memory disorder (39.3%, mild depression (32% and mild anxiety (27.7% were the most common mental problems. There was a significant relationship between depression and marital status (p=0.029 and having knowledge about menopause (p = 0.04. Anxiety had no relationship with any variables (p>0.05 but there was an association between depression and anxiety (p = 0.002. Conclusion: The findings show that the menopausal women suffer from mental problems, which influence their quality of life and community health. Thus, planning educational and health care programs to help them overcome these obstacles is essential.

Rasooli

2004-08-01

359

Wafer and bulk high-purity silicon trace element analysis at the Texas A and M University Nuclear Science Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A trace element analysis program for wafer and bulk high-purity silicon (Si) samples has been operating at the Texas A and M University Nuclear Science Center (TAMU NSC) since 1996. Samples are irradiated in the NSC's 1-MW TRIGA research reactor at a thermal neutron fluence rate of 1013 n/cm2/s for 14 hours. After an appropriate decay length, bulk samples are chemically etched to remove surface contamination while wafer surfaces are first rinsed with acid to determine surface contamination and then etched to obtain epitaxial layer contamination information. All samples, along with the appropriate etching solutions are analyzed using gamma-ray spectroscopy to quantitatively determine the various radioisotopes created during irradiation. Elements typically determined are antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), bromine (Br), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), gallium (Ga), gold (Au), iron (Fe), molybdenum (Mo), potassium (K), silver (Ag), sodium (Na) tungsten (W) and zinc (Zn). The potential exists to also determine cesium (Cs), iridium (Ir), lanthanum (La), mercury (Hg), rubidium (Rb), scandium (Sc), and zirconium (Zr). Detection limits range from 1014 down to 107 atoms/cm2 in surface analysis and 1013 down to 108 atoms/cm3 in bulk Si

360

Kyoto Protocol: Debate on environment and development in the discussions on Climate Change  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The climatic behavior of the planet and its consequences has favored debates about the models of development of the countries responsible for the accelerated deterioration of the atmosphere and of the natural phenomena by these recurrent days. Nevertheless, countries as United States, after signing commitments as the Convention on Climatic Change, refuse to acquire the obligations of the Kyoto Protocol, from fear of undergoing deterioration in their economies. In this setting, where the nation responsible for the emission of approximately 36% of the turned out effect greenhouse gases result of the human action in the planet does not commit itself to adopt restrictive policies to make its models of production but friendly with the nature although these measures begin to be imposed to other nations as determining factors in the international commercial negotiations, seems to be that the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol for developing countries as Colombia is not absolutely beneficial

 
 
 
 
361

Driving factors of carbon dioxide emissions and the impact from Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the last two decades increasing attention has been paid to the relationship between environmental degradation and economic development. According to the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis this relationship may be described by an inverted-U curve. However, recent evidence rejects the EKC hypothesis for GHG emissions in a broad sense. In this paper we aim to investigate whether the EKC behavior for CO2 emissions could be proved on the behalf of institutional regulations. We analyze the driving factors of CO2 for developed and developing countries to test the theory of the EKC in the context of environmental regulations using a static and dynamic panel data model. We consider the Kyoto Protocol and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). The results from this study indicate that the Kyoto obligations have a reducing effect on CO2 emissions in developed and developing countries. (orig.)

Grunewald, Nicole [Goettingen Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Economics; Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada [Jaume I Univ. (Spain). International Economics Institute

2009-08-15

362

Reducing Deforestation and Trading Emissions: Economic Implications for the post-Kyoto Carbon Market  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper quantitatively assesses the economic implications of crediting carbon abatement from reduced deforestation for the emissions market in 2020 by linking a numerical equilibrium model of the global carbon market with a dynamic partial equilibrium model of the forestry sector. We find that integrating avoided deforestation in international emissions trading considerably decreases the costs of post-Kyoto climate policy – even when accounting for conventional abatement options of devel...

Sathaye, Jayant A.; Anger, Niels

2008-01-01

363

Kyoto Protocol implementation in Serbia as precognition of sustainable energetic and economic development  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper gives reasons for low energy efficiency typical of the Serbian economy, which is based on outdated and dirty technologies. The comparison of selected economic indicators and indicators of energy efficiency in both Serbia and the European Union points out the benefits of the Kyoto Protocol implementation due to the growth of competitiveness in the global market. Serbia has no obligation to reduce GHG emissions, the authors point to the proposals whose implementation along with the mechanisms of the Protocol can enable Serbia the access to markets that trade GHG emissions and the access to dedicated funds, self-financing or attracting foreign investments to raise energy efficiency, which will be accompanied by adequate economic benefits. A similar principle can be applied in all countries that are not obliged to reduce GHG emissions. The application of different mechanisms aiming to increase energy efficiency in Serbia, could contribute to the increase of GDP annual growth rate from 5% to 7%, which cannot be achieved by any other economic instrument. Energy efficiency, which is actually a question of competitiveness of each economy, can finance itself through the mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol by selling excess emissions resulting from improved energy efficiency. - Research highlights: ? Serbia is a country with the outdated technology and low energy efficiency values. ? Sustainable economic and energetic growth can be stirred by inserting Kyoto Protocolbe stirred by inserting Kyoto Protocol. ? By investing in modern technology Serbia could lessen emission into the atmosphere. ? Cut of emission in the atmosphere could help reaching certain carbon credit values. ? By selling the carbon credit Serbia could do economic growth of 5-7% on a year level.

364

25th Taniguchi International Symposium and the Conference held in Kyoto  

CERN Document Server

In the Teichmüller theory of Riemann surfaces, besides the classical theory of quasi-conformal mappings, vari- ous approaches from differential geometry and algebraic geometry have merged in recent years. Thus the central subject of "Complex Structure" was a timely choice for the joint meetings in Katata and Kyoto in 1989. The invited participants exchanged ideas on different approaches to related topics in complex geometry and mapped out the prospects for the next few years of research.

Ohsawa, Takeo

1991-01-01

365

Mutagenicity of surface soil from residential areas in Kyoto city, Japan, and identification of major mutagens.  

Science.gov (United States)

To clarify the mutagenic potential of surface soil in residential areas in Kyoto city, surface soil samples were collected twice or three times from 12 sites, and their organic extracts were examined by the Ames/Salmonella assay. Almost all (>92%) samples showed mutagenicity in TA98 without and with S9 mix, and 8/25 (32%) samples showed high (1000-10,000 revertants/g of soil) or extreme (>10,000 revertants/g of soil) activity. Moreover, to identify the major mutagens in surface soil in Kyoto, a soil sample was collected at a site where soil contamination with mutagens was severe and continual. The soil extract, which showed potent mutagenicity in TA98 without S9 mix, was fractionated by diverse column chromatography methods. Five major mutagenic constituents were isolated and identified to be 1,6-dinitropyrene (DNP), 1,8-DNP, 1,3,6-trinitropyrene (TNP), 3,9-dinitrofluoranthene (DNF), and 3,6-dinitrobenzo[e]pyrene (DNBeP) by co-chromatography using high performance liquid chromatography and spectral analysis. Contribution ratios of 1,6-DNP, 1,8-DNP, 1,3,6-TNP, 3,9-DNF, and 3,6-DNBeP to total mutagenicity of the soil extract in TA98 without S9 mix were 3, 10, 10, 10, and 6%, respectively. These nitroarenes were detected in surface soil samples collected from four different residential sites in other prefectures, and their contribution ratios to soil mutagenicity were from 0.7 to 22%. These results suggest that surface soil in residential areas in Kyoto was widely contaminated with mutagens and there were some sites where surface soils were heavily polluted. 1,6-DNP, 1,8-DNP, 1,3,6-TNP, 3,9-DNF, and 3,6-DNBeP may be major mutagenic constituents that contaminate surface soil in Kyoto and other residential areas. PMID:17964847

Watanabe, Tetsushi; Takahashi, Kazuhiko; Konishi, Erina; Hoshino, Yuri; Hasei, Tomohiro; Asanoma, Masaharu; Hirayama, Teruhisa; Wakabayashi, Keiji

2008-01-01

366

The Clean Development Mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol and the "low-hanging fruits" issue  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Kyoto Protocol has introduced the so-called Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under which industrialized countries are allowed to fulfill part of their obligations through the use of emission credits generated by emission reduction projects undertaken in developing countries. Developing countries have been reluctant to participate in the CDM, fearing that the CDM will use up most of their cheap abatement options (the "low-hanging fruits" problem). In this paper we show that developing cou...

Bre?chet, Thierry; Germain, Marc; Steenberghe, Vincent

2004-01-01

367

Risky business : how Canada is avoiding Kyoto action with controversial projects in developing countries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes Canada's participation in a controversial project at a eucalyptus tree plantation in Brazil. The Kyoto Protocol includes the Clean Development Mechanism which is designed to help industrialized countries, such as Canada, meet their greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets while promoting sustainable development in developing countries. The Plantar project in Minas Gerais, Brazil claims it qualifies for carbon credits because the eucalyptus plantation acts as a carbon sink and the charcoal produced from eucalyptus is less carbon-intensive than coal. However, the author argues that Canada's large polluters are investing in cheap projects in developing countries to avoid reducing their own greenhouse gas emissions. This shifts the responsibility for greenhouse gas reductions by Canadian industry to taxpayers by investing in carbon sink projects through the special World Bank Prototype Carbon Fund. The Plantar is partially funded by Canadian dollars. The forested region was clear-cut and the native forest replaced with eucalyptus plantations in the 1960s-1970s. Plantar is one of the first projects seeking qualification for carbon credits as a sink project in the developing world. If accepted, Canada will get carbon credits and use them towards its Kyoto target. The author cautioned that the final rules of the Kyoto Protocol must contain environmental and social safeguards. 18 refs., 3 figs.

NONE

2003-10-01

368

Turkish support to Kyoto Protocol: A reality or just an illusion  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The long-term increase in Earth's temperature is known as the global warming or the greenhouse effect. Taking into account the fact that the ice age only involved a global temperature variation of around 4 C, it is clear climate change is arguably one of the greatest environmental threats the world is facing today. The impacts of disruptive change leading to catastrophic events such as storms, droughts, sea level rise and floods are already being felt across the world. In this context, the signing of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997 has been argued to be a historic step in reversing the inexorable increase in the emission of the greenhouse gases. The primary achievement of the Protocol has been so-called commitment of countries referred in the Annex I of the Protocol to reduce their emission of GHGs some 5% below their country specific 1990 level. On February 5, 2009, Turkish Parliament ratified an agreement to sign the Kyoto Protocol after intense pressure from both the European Union and international environmental organizations; however, so far it has not taken any step to bring about real reductions in emissions. In short, Turkey simply signed but ignored the Protocol. Present paper investigates Turkish position vis-a-vis Kyoto Protocol and critically questions Turkish policies in that area. (author)

Erdogdu, Erkan [Energy Market Regulatory Authority, Ziyabey Cad. No. 19, 06520 Balgat, Ankara (Turkey); University of Cambridge, Judge Business School, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1AG (United Kingdom)

2010-04-15

369

The colombian private sector and climate change: the road from kyoto  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Because of its profound economic implications, the Kyoto Protocol merits careful study and active, continued participation on the part of the Colombian private sector. The article presents a brief summary of the main elements of the Protocol and its implications for Colombian business. For the business sector in Colombia, Joint implementation has been a key theme in motivating interest and participation on the issue of climate change. Now, after Kyoto, a new instrument has been created, the Clean Development Mechanism, which may permit international investment in forestry and energy projects that reduce greenhouse gas GHG- emissions. The Kyoto Protocol reduces the risk that Colombia need to assume new emissions reductions commitments, and in this new phase it is logical to focus on the opportunities created by the Protocol and the Framework Convention, especially the Clean Development Mechanism. Colombian business leaders should continue to participate actively in the international negotiations that will establish the rules of the game and in the development of private projects in industry, energy and forestry that capture

370

Determination of Greenhouse Gases Base Year for Hrvatska elektroprivreda (HEP) in Accordance with Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto Protocol obliges the Republic of Croatia to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 5 percent till the year 2010, taking a base year from the period between 1985 and 1990. Thermal power plants of Hrvatska Elektroprivreda (HEP) represent significant source of the most important greenhouse gas - CO2 - and consequently HEP is expected to make a significant contribution to the national activities aiming to meet the Kyoto Protocol requirements. This issue is of particular importance, as Croatia has not submitted its base year to the Conference of the Parties in form of The National Communication on Climate Change, which is one of the requirements of UN Climate Change Convention and the Kyoto Protocol. Related to this, it is interesting to include emissions from the thermal power plants located in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia (650 MWe) that had supplied electricity to the Croatian power supply system in the base year period and on which HEP claims legal ownership. This article presents HEP greenhouse gas emissions from the period of 1985 to 1990, as well as its contribution in total greenhouse gas emissions of Croatia. Furthermore, future HEP greenhouse gas emissions, according to its business development scenario till the year 2010, will be estimated. (author)

371

Level and Trend Uncertainties of Kyoto Relevant Greenhouse Gases in Poland. Interim Report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto Protocol is often described as a good first step towards reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions into the atmosphere. The Protocol endorses emissions trading, joint implementation including 'bubbling' between Annex 1 Parties, and a clean development mechanism that allows Annex 1 and non-Annex 1 Parties to act together to reduce emissions. However, the anticipated permit market will not function if uncertainties are not rigorously assessed and considered in any compliance process. With no reliable verification tool, it is impossible to effectively assess the different mechanisms and activities mentioned under the Protocol. Thus, it is very important to study the uncertainties underlying the Kyoto relevant GHGs, here with reference to Poland, because without the consideration of uncertainty robust verification can not occur. This paper presents information about the data used in the calculations as well as the methods favored by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The so-called Tier 1 method of the IPCC for the evaluation of uncertainties is described in more detail. This paper also provides a first quantitative overview on the Polish uncertainties of three Kyoto relevant GHGs, namely CO2, CH4, and N2O, for 1988, 1990 and 1999. The main goals of the paper are to present the analytical calculations as well as additional calculations that are carried out to improve the evaluation of uncertainties. Recommendations are presented to reach these gomendations are presented to reach these goals

372

Nuclear power for greenhouse gas mitigation under the Kyoto protocol: The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At the 43rd regular session of the IAEA General Conference, Member States requested the IAEA to help countries in assessing nuclear power's role in light of global environmental challenges and energy needs. Such assistance should include support for implementing national case studies, and facilitating access to relevant information about nuclear power's role in achieving sustainable development in developing countries and in mitigating GHG emissions. The dissemination of information on CDM is of particular importance to developing countries, so as to enable Member States interested in the mechanism to take an active and informed role in the debate regarding the Kyoto Protocol and eligible CDM technologies. Therefore, the Secretariat organized a series of information seminars, workshops and training courses for Member States on the Kyoto Protocol, the Clean Development Mechanism, Joint Implementation and Emissions Trading with particular emphasis on the potential role of nuclear power for GHG mitigation. On request, the Secretariat also provided training and assistance to several Member States in the preparation of national case studies that explore the potential role of nuclear power as a CDM technology. These case studies will be presented by the respective national study teams during this side event at the 44th IAEA General Conference. Within the general criteria included in the Kyoto Protocol, the decision on which technologies are eligible for GHG mitigation under the flexibility mechanisms is a sovereign decision of each country

373

A study on abdomen ultrasonography classified by particular disease practiced in health promotion center of a university hospital  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study is to get preliminary data for an effectiveness evaluation of abdominal examination and improvement of it. Abnormal cases of abdominal ultrasonography are classified by sex, frequency, diagnosis and age, 4.924 examinees were included at a university hospital of health promotion center from January to December in 1999. The results are as follow. According to the distribution of sex, there are more male patients(55.0%) than females patients (48.0%). for men, 40's showed the highest percentage among examinees. For women, 50's were the highest. The reason that 'they visited the health promotion center was that they wanted to check their health status'. This answers were reported the highest (59.3%). Patients that had abnormal cases of abdominal ultrasonography were 48.3%. Liver, kidney, gallbladder showed the highest percentage of abnormal cases in order of organs. Additionally, abnormal cases were discovered in liver cases. According to the frequency of abnormal cases among examinees, the slight fatty liver were the highest regardless of sex. Men had the slight fatty liver, kidney simple cyst, liver calcification and liver simple cyst in order of abnormal cases. Women showed the slight fatty liver kidney simple cyst, kidney calcification, liver simple cyst, and blood vessel tumor in order of abnormal cases. For the abnormal cases of live by sex and age, the 50's reported the highest number of abnormal cases in men (299 patients). In addition, 60's had the high patients). In addition, 60's had the highest of disease rata 47.8%. For women, 50's reported the highest number of abnormal cases (361 patients).. Over 70's patients had the highest of disease rata 52.6%. For kidney, men and women showed the highest number of abnormal cases -62 vs 44 respectively. Over 70's patients had the highest percentage of disease rata -23.2% vs 14.0% respectively. For gallbladder, the number of abnormal cases were the most in men's 60's (31 patients) and in women's in the same age group (32 patients). According to malignant tumor, 17 patients were liver cancer, 2 patients stomach ca and 1pt kidney cancer. The relationship between the malignant tumor and the examination motive was that 'they wanted to check their health status (41.0%)' and 'regular checkup (24.0%)'

374

A study on abdomen ultrasonography classified by particular disease practiced in health promotion center of a university hospital  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study is to get preliminary data for an effectiveness evaluation of abdominal examination and improvement of it. Abnormal cases of abdominal ultrasonography are classified by sex, frequency, diagnosis and age, 4.924 examinees were included at a university hospital of health promotion center from January to December in 1999. The results are as follow. According to the distribution of sex, there are more male patients(55.0%) than females patients (48.0%). for men, 40's showed the highest percentage among examinees. For women, 50's were the highest. The reason that 'they visited the health promotion center was that they wanted to check their health status'. This answers were reported the highest (59.3%). Patients that had abnormal cases of abdominal ultrasonography were 48.3%. Liver, kidney, gallbladder showed the highest percentage of abnormal cases in order of organs. Additionally, abnormal cases were discovered in liver cases. According to the frequency of abnormal cases among examinees, the slight fatty liver were the highest regardless of sex. Men had the slight fatty liver, kidney simple cyst, liver calcification and liver simple cyst in order of abnormal cases. Women showed the slight fatty liver kidney simple cyst, kidney calcification, liver simple cyst, and blood vessel tumor in order of abnormal cases. For the abnormal cases of live by sex and age, the 50's reported the highest number of abnormal cases in men (299 patients). In addition, 60's had the highest of disease rata 47.8%. For women, 50's reported the highest number of abnormal cases (361 patients).. Over 70's patients had the highest of disease rata 52.6%. For kidney, men and women showed the highest number of abnormal cases -62 vs 44 respectively. Over 70's patients had the highest percentage of disease rata -23.2% vs 14.0% respectively. For gallbladder, the number of abnormal cases were the most in men's 60's (31 patients) and in women's in the same age group (32 patients). According to malignant tumor, 17 patients were liver cancer, 2 patients stomach ca and 1pt kidney cancer. The relationship between the malignant tumor and the examination motive was that 'they wanted to check their health status (41.0%)' and 'regular checkup (24.0%)'.

Kim, Nam Hee; Choi, Jong Hak [College of Health Sciences, Korea Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2001-06-01

375

[An analysis of mental disorders of international students visiting the Mental Health Service at Tsukuba University Health Center].  

Science.gov (United States)

With the expected increase in the number of international students coming to Japan as part of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science & Technology's "300,000 Foreign Student (Global 30) Plan", the demands on university mental health facilities will also increase. However, the rate of mental disorders of recent international students has not been fully evaluated. As part of an initiative to establish effective treatment measures for the mental health of international students, we investigated the present status and recent trends of these students who visited the Mental Health Service (MHS) in the Tsukuba University Health Center. The demographic characteristics, pathway, stress, and diagnosis of international students who visited the MHS from 2005 to 2010 were investigated retrospectively based on medical records. The subjects were 59 international students (15 male, 44 female; mean age: 28.4). The consultation rate of international students was significantly lower than that of Japanese students each year. Although the rate is almost stable in Japanese students (2.1-2.5%), it has increased significantly in international students, from 0.5% in 2005 to 1.4% in 2010. A larger percentage of the subjects were from Asia (66%), compared to the former Soviet Union (10%) and Europe (7%). A greater proportion of the subjects were graduate students (67%). The diagnoses were as follows: depression (34%), adjustment disorder (32%), insomnia (15%), and schizophrenia (9%). The percentage requiring emergency consultation was 24%, including the most severe cases that had to return to their home country. Sixty-nine percent of the subjects stayed in Japan for more than 1 year. Half of the subjects decided to visit the MHS themselves. The results of the present study show that the consultation rate of international students was lower than that of Japanese students in spite of the "culture shock" experienced by international students. This result is in agreement with previous reports. Among international students, however, there is a trend indicating an increase of visits to the MHS in recent years, approaching the rate for Japanese students. Preparations for emergency consultation are still important. PMID:22420147

Hori, Takafumi; Tachikawa, Hirokazu; Ishii, Terumi; Shimada, Naoko; Takemori, Tadashi; Lebowitz, Adam; Asadas, Takashi

2012-01-01

376

Prevalence of ductal carcinoma insitu of the breast in Tehran university medical centers: evaluation of 2244 cases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Detection rate of Ductal Carcinoma Insitu of the breast (DCIS have increased rapidly over the past decade, which is generally attributed to the widespread use of screening mammography. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of ductal carcinoma in situ in patients who had been referred to Tehran university medical centers."n"nMethods: In a retrospective study, medical records of the patients with diagnosis of breast cancer in 3 teaching hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (Cancer Institute, Sina and Shariati Hospitals between 1994-2003 were reviewed and records with ductal carcinoma in situ were selected and analyzed."n"nResults: Between 2244 medical records of breast cancer 23 patients had DCIS (1.02%. Mean age was 47.3 years just one patient had been detected by screening mammography and others had clinical symptoms. 48% of patients had mass with mean size of 3.3cm. All had undergone open biopsy (four incisional, 19 excisional. Treatment included 65.2% modified radical mastectomy, 30.4% lumpectomy with axillary dissections and 3.8% lumpectomy alone. Nine patients had radiotherapy after surgery and ten took tamoxifen as hormonal therapy. Two patients (8.6% in lumpectomy group had recurrence in follow ups. Median follow up time was 84 months."n"nConclusion: This study shows that the Prevalence of early stages of breast cancer especially ductal carcinoma in situ is extremely low. (DCIS was 1.02 in comparison with 15-30% in western countries. These findings indicate the need for increasing public information about breast cancer in Iran and improving screening programs of breast cancer.

Omranipour R

2009-10-01

377

Molecular identification of adenovirus causing respiratory tract infection in pediatric patients at the University of Malaya Medical Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background There are at least 51 adenovirus serotypes (AdV known to cause human infections. The prevalence of the different human AdV (HAdV serotypes varies among different regions. Presently, there are no reports of the prevalent HAdV types found in Malaysia. The present study was undertaken to identify the HAdV types associated primarily with respiratory tract infections (RTI of young children in Malaysia. Methods Archived HAdV isolates from pediatric patients with RTI seen at the University of Malaya Medical Center (UMMC, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 1999 to 2005 were used. Virus isolates were inoculated into cell culture and DNA was extracted when cells showed significant cytopathic effects. AdV partial hexon gene was amplified and the sequences together with other known HAdV hexon gene sequences were used to build phylogenetic trees. Identification of HAdV types found among young children in Malaysia was inferred from the phylograms. Results At least 2,583 pediatric patients with RTI sought consultation and treatment at the UMMC from 1999 to 2005. Among these patients, 48 ( Conclusions HAdV-1 and HAdV-2 were the most common HAdV isolated from pediatric patients who sought treatment for RTI at the UMMC from 1999 to 2005. HAdV-B, mainly HAdV-3, was recovered from ~22% of the patients. These findings provide a benchmark for future studies on the prevalence and epidemiology of HAdV types in Malaysia and in the region.

AbuBakar Sazaly

2010-07-01

378

Seven years of experience in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension in Ege University Hospital: diagnostic approach of a single center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH is a term used to define a variety of progressive conditions that have in common, increased pulmonary vascular resistance leading to right heart failure and death. There has been considerable decrease in mortality and morbidity with the advances in PAH treatment over the past decade. However, since there is no epidemiologic study in Turkey, the prevalence of PAH and its importance is not known yet. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic clinical experience of Ege University Medical School Cardiology Department with PAH patients. Methods: We evaluated the diagnostic approach to patients referred to our department with the diagnosis of PAH since 2000 by retrospective analysis method.Results: The diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension was definite in 70 patients (mean age 47±16 years, 61% women. Etiology from most prevalent to least was as following: congenital heart diseases (27%, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (24%, connective tissue diseases-scleroderma (14%, idiopathic PAH (8%, diastolic dysfunction (3%, pulmonary disease (3%, pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (2%, hepatopulmonary hypertension (1%, and HIV-infection associated PAH (1%. At diagnosis, 68% of patients were in NYHA functional class-III or IV. Six-minute walk test was 263±127m. Mean pulmonary artery pressure was 65±20 mmHg. The rognostic marker pro-BNP (brain natriuretic peptid level was 3208±4145 pg/ml.Conclusion: Our practice shows that PAH is diagnosed late in the course of the disease in Turkey. This can be overcome with structured management in designated centers with ultidisciplinary team-working in a shared care approach. There is also an urgent need for an epidemiological registry in order to determine the burden of PAH in Turkey and increase the awareness of doctors.

Meral Kayikcioglu

2008-08-01

379

Restoration of accelerator facilities damaged by Great East Japan Earthquake at cyclotron and radioisotope center, Tohoku University.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Cyclotron and Radioisotope Center (CYRIC) of Tohoku University is a joint-use institution for education and research in a wide variety of fields ranging from physics to medicine. Accelerator facilities at the CYRIC provide opportunities for implementing a broad research program, including medical research using positron emission tomography (PET), with accelerated ions and radioisotopes. At the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011, no human injuries occurred and a smooth evacuation was made in the CYRIC, thanks to the anti-earthquake measures such as the renovation of the cyclotron building in 2009 mainly to provide seismic strengthening, fixation of shelves to prevent the falling of objects, and securement of the width of the evacuation route. The preparation of an emergency response manual was also helpful. However, the accelerator facilities were damaged because of strong shaking that continued for a few minutes. For example, two columns on which a 930 cyclotron was placed were damaged, and thereby the 930 cyclotron was inclined. All the elements of beam transport lines were deviated from the beam axis. Some peripheral devices in a HM12 cyclotron were broken. Two shielding doors fell from the carriage onto the floor and blocked the entrances to the rooms. The repair work on the accelerator facilities was started at the end of July 2011. During the repair work, the joint use of the accelerator facilities was suspended. After the repair work was completed, the joint use was re-started at October 2012, one and a half years after the earthquake. PMID:25030295

Wakui, Takashi; Itoh, Masatoshi; Shimada, Kenzi; Yoshida, Hidetomo P; Shinozuka, Tsutomu; Sakemi, Yasuhiro

2014-01-01

380

Un ente innovativo di ricerca e di servizi per la informazione geospaziale: GIS Research Center della Feng-Chia University di Taiwan (GIS.FCU)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

La storia di un Laboratorio GIS a Taiwan nato da un accordo tra Feng-Chia University e la Università di Roma “LaSapienza” oggi tra i primi nel mondo nel settore dell’informazione geospaziale per la ricerca nell’ambito dei testdell’interoperabilità.A body of research and innovative services for geospatial infor-mation: GIS Research Center of Feng-Chia University in Taiwan (GIS.FCU)The story of a GIS laboratory in Taiwan born on an agreement betwe...

Mauro Salvemini

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Why company investments into the nuclear education at universities and research center in Germany will pay off in the future. The view of a plant manufacturer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Due to the political decision towards a renaissance of nuclear energy the interest of industry, authorities and surveyors for scientific technical personnel is increasing. The author describes the engagement of AREVA in the nuclear education. The concept includes in Germany the AREVA Nuclear Professional School at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), cooperation contracts with the research center Rossendorf, the technical university Dresden and the technical university in Zittau/Goerlitz. The further operation of nuclear installations in Germany including retrofitting activities will need a sound technical-scientific base of educational efforts within the nuclear education.

382

Major Factors Affecting on the Productivity of Faculty Members and their Ranking using Multiple Criteria Decision Method. Case Study: Universities and Higher Education Centers of the Ardabil  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This research has examined differences between factors affecting productivity of faculty of universities and higher education centers of the Ardabil based on three groups involved means faculty, staff of educational and research units and students, and are considered as basis of rankings. Based on components of NASIRI POUR model (2011) and using ANOVA test unanimity of different aspects affecting efficiency in terms of the three groups studied. Due to significant differences in means, LSD pos...

Delshad Namin Shirin; Mirzaei Daryani Shahram; Sattari Ardabili Farzad

2013-01-01

383

Management of a comprehensive radiation safety program in a major American University and affiliated academic medical center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Duke University, which operates under eight radiation licenses issued by the State of North Carolina, consists of a leading medical center including extensive inpatient and outpatient facilities, a medical school, biomedical research labs, and an academic campus including two major accelerator facilities. The Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Oncology departments handle over 40,000 diagnostic and therapeutic procedures annually, including approximately 160 radioiodine therapeutic cases. In biomedical research labs, about 300 professors are authorized to use radioactive materials. Over 2,000 radiation workers are identified on campus. Over the past two years, we have transformed the existing radiation safety program into a more responsive and more accountable one. Simultaneously, the institutional 'culture' changed, and the Radiation Safety Division came to be viewed as a helpful ally by investigators. The purpose of this paper is to present our experiences that have made this transformation possible. Our initiatives included; (a) defining short-term and long-term goals; (b) establishing a definitive chain of authority; (c) obtaining an external review by a consultant Health Physicist; (d) improving existing radiation safety programs; (e) reorganizing the Radiation Safety Division, with creation of multidisciplinary professional staff positions; (f) implementing campus-wide radiation safety training, (g) increasing technician positions; (h) establishing monthly medical cetions; (h) establishing monthly medical center radiation safety executive meeting. As a result progress made at the Divisional level includes; (a) culture change by recruiting professionals with academic credentials and recent college graduates; (b) implementing weekly staff meetings and monthly quality assurance meetings; (c) achieving academic prominence by publishing and presenting papers in national meetings; (d) senior staff achieving faculty appointments with academic departments; (e) senior staff participating in graduate student lectures, and instituting a seminar series. Progress made at the institutional level includes; (a) implementing training programs; (b) developing an in-house TLD program; (c) initiating in-house diagnostic x-ray machine testing for units outside the Radiology Department; (d) centralizing radioactive package distribution; (e) simplifying the radiation licensing application process; (f) implementing written lab operating procedures in individual labs; (g) developing radioactive package order and receipt software; (h) implementing special shielding design and radioiodine patient waste management projects. We conclude: (1) involvement of executive management is critical for radiation protection management in multidisciplinary institutions; (2) consultant review is useful in guiding management support of RSO initiatives; (3) increased visibility of the radiation safety program, through training sessions and grand rounds, increases cooperation from users and subsequently improves regulatory compliance; (4) radiation safety division quality assurance meetings help identify weaknesses and provide motivation for improvement; (5) a clear chain of authority is critical in program oversight; (6) open participation in division projects by staff members fosters an intellectually stimulating environment in the group; (7) participation of senior administrators from Occupational and Environmental Safety Office (OESO) in the radiation safety staff meetings helps maintain a professional working relationship between the Radiation Safety Officer and the Director of OESO. (author)

384

The center for plant and microbial complex carbohydrates at the University of Georgia Complex Carbohydrate Research Center. Five-year report, September 15, 1987--December 31, 1992  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Complex Carbohydrate Research Center (CCRC) is the home of ten independent but complementary interdisciplinary research groups led by nine regular faculty and one adjunct faculty. The research of these groups represents a broad spectrum of interests, and they are involved in about 90 collaborations with their CCRC and UGA colleagues and with scientists at other institutions and companies in the US, Canada, Europe, Israel, and Japan. The hallmark of the CCRC is the collaborative, interactive environment encouraged by its directors, faculty and tong-term staff. Newcomers to the CCRC or short-term members soon learn that everyone benefits from this process. The team-oriented approach in carbohydrate science translates into the day-today generous giving of one's time and expertise to the work of others, whether it be in sharing specialized instrumentation, participating in the design of experiments and interpretalon of data, providing service to scientists outside the CCRC, or joining collaborative projects. The CCRC is founded on the principle that the cross-fertilization of ideas and know-how leads to the synergistic advancement of science. This report contains a series of appendices that document the extent and breadth of the Plant and Microbial Carbohydrate Center's contributions to collaborative research and education. Several collaborative research projects that have received postdoctoral research associate support from the Grant are highlighted, as these projects are particularly illustrative of the wide-ranging collaborations that have evolved as a result of this Grant and the quality of the science that the Grant enables.

Albersheim, Peter; Darvill, Alan

1992-05-01

385

Measurement of neutron spectrum at irradiation facilities of Kyoto University Reactor, KUR  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

By unfolding multi-foil activation data with NEUPAC code, neutron energy spectra at the irradiation facilities (hydraulic conveyoy tube, long irradiation plug, graphite thermal neutron column, low temperature loop and pneumatic tubes) of KUR have been obtained in the energy region from 0.01 eV to 16.4 MeV. Transport calculations by ANISN code have been also made, and agreed with the measured spectra, in general. By using the neutron spectra measured above, the spectrum-averaged cross section for the 54Fe(n,p)54Mn reaction has been obtained as a basic datum to estimate the neutron fluence at the irradiation facilities. Neutron spectra at the low temperature loop and the pneumatic tubes have been also measured for the special core of KUR, whose fuel configuration was changed so that the exposure tube E-4 (low temperature loop) could directly see the fuel elements. (author)

386

Development of control rod driving mechanism for high neutron flux reactor in Kyoto University (KUHFR)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

KUHFR is a coupling type reactor of 30 MW power output, which have two light-water-moderated and cooled cores inside the heavy water reflector. There are six sets of control rod driving mechanism (CRDM) in each core, each set driving one control rod. The newly developed driving system for CRDM is a unique one not employed in any other reactor. The main specifications required are as follows: Drive length 650 mm, driving speed 100 mm/min; control rod magnet deenergizing time 0.3 sec or less, control rod falling time to 90% stroke 1 sec or less, finished O.D. 190 mm or less. There were difficulties in selecting the driving system, because various control rod driving systems adopted in power and research reactors have both merits and demerits. As a result of investigation, three systems have been produced for trial, experimented and compared, and the moving coil type CRDM has been employed because it is suitable in many points, e.g. it allows continuous motion of control rods. The construction of moving coil type CRDM is explained. In the progress of development from No. 1 to No. 3 system is described, starting at the magnetic circuit calculation. As the running performance of the CRDM, the relationship between the plunger shift in a coil and upward force, and the differential linear running performance, following properties and stopping characteristics of control rods for coil movement are described. (Wakatsuki, Y.)

387

Benchmark experiments of accelerator-driven systems (ADS) in Kyoto university critical assembly (KUCA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The ADS benchmark problems in the KUCA were based on both the 14-MeV neutrons generated from pulsed neutron generator and 150-MeV protons generated from the FFAG accelerator. Among the benchmark problems, the valuable and important information on the neutron spectrum measurement of 14-MeV neutrons using the foil activation method was described. The experiments and the numerical analyses by MCNP-4C2 with ENDF/B-VI.2 revealed that the 27Al foil was experimentally confirmed to be one of suitable activation foils for obtaining the neutron spectrum information in the ADSR. For the high-energy protons generated from FFAG accelerator, the foil activation method was found to be a useful measuring technique for examining the neutron spectrum of the ADSR through the reaction rates obtained by MCNPX with LA150 and the unfolding analyses by SANDII with ENDh/B-V1.2. (authors)

388

Emisiones de compuestos, incluidos o no en el protocolo de Kyoto, climáticamente activos, durante la producción de etanol de caña de azúcar / Emissões de compostos, incluidos ou não no protocolo de Kyoto, climaticamente ativos, durante a produção de etanol de cana de açucar / Potential emissions of Kyoto and Non-Kyoto climate active compounds in the production of sugarcane ethanol  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El etanol producido de caña de azúcar es el biocombustible más desarrollado comercialmente. En este trabajo se evalúan las emisiones de compuestos climáticamente activos, incluidos y no incluidos en el Protocolo de Kyoto. Se consideran varios escenarios, tales como bajas o altas emisiones de N2O por [...] fertilización con N, inclusión o no de quema pre-cosecha, emisiones controladas o no en las calderas que utilizan bagazo, y horizontes de 20 o 100 años en los GWPs. El CO2 emitido en la combustión de bioetanol es reciclado en la resiembra de la caña de azúcar y no cuenta como gas de invernadero. Sin embargo, a pesar de muchas incertidumbres, la información disponible permite estimar que las emisiones de CO2-eq son altas cuando se realiza quema precosecha y no hay control de las emisiones de las calderas. En estos escenarios ocurrirían emisiones de CO2-eq mayores que las correspondientes a la combustión de una cantidad equivalente de gasolina. Eliminar la quema precosecha no sería suficiente para revertir la situación, especialmente cuando se considera un horizonte de 20 años. Solo si se realizasen procedimientos ambientales más amigables habría ahorro significativo en emisiones de CO2-eq (a 20 y 100 años). En todos los escenarios, los compuestos no incluidos en el Protocolo de Kyoto contribuyen significativamente. Por ello, para evaluar el impacto real de los compuestos climáticamente activos es crucial incluir estos compuestos en los estudios de ciclo de vida. Para reducir las incertidumbres, especialmente las relacionadas con compuestos no incluidos en el Protocolo, se requieren investigaciones adicionales. Abstract in english Sugarcane ethanol is the most commercially developed liquid biofuel. The potential emissions of Kyoto and non-Kyoto Protocol climate active compounds in the production of sugarcane ethanol in agricultural lands are evaluated herein. Various scenarios are considered, such as low or high N2O emission [...] from N-fertilizers, inclusion or not of pre-harvest burning, uncontrolled or controlled emissions in bagasse based boilers, and 20 or 100 years time horizons in GWPs. The CO2 emitted in ethanol fuel combustion is recycled during sugarcane "re-growing" and does not count as greenhouse gas. However, even though many uncertainties remain, the available information allows estimating that CO2-eq emissions are very large when ethanol production is based on pre-harvest burning and there is non-controlled particle emission in boilers. In these scenarios, compared with the combustion of equivalent amounts of gasoline, higher CO2-eq emission would take place. Halting sugarcane field burning would not be sufficient to revert the situation, especially in a 20-years time horizon. Only when more environmental friendly procedures are applied, a significant saving of CO2-eq emissions occurs at 20 and 100-years horizon scenarios. In all scenarios, non-Kyoto Protocol compounds make an important net contribution. Therefore, if a real evaluation of climate active compounds emissions is to be reached, it would be crucial to include these compounds in life cycles studies. To reduce uncertainties, especially of non-Kyoto compounds, additional research is needed.

Eugenio, Sanhueza.

2009-01-01

389

[Offsets under the Kyoto Protocol : a perspective on COP 4 negotiations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The achievements of the Kyoto Protocol were highlighted. These achievements include recognition of the need for Annex 1 countries (developed countries) to define concrete emissions reduction targets to be accomplished by 2012; recognition of specific needs of developing countries; need for measures to anticipate, prevent or minimize the causes of climate change; recognition of the need that climate change policies and measures be cost effective; taking into account that economic development is essential for adopting measures to address climate change; recognition of the principle that corporations should promote a supportive and open international economic system leading to sustainable growth; and recognition that measures taken to combat climate change should not lead to unjustifiable discrimination in international trade. If the targets set at Kyoto are achieved, there will be an effective reduction in greenhouse gases of 5.2 per cent in relation to 1990 levels. The meeting in Buenos Aires should focus on strengthening the guidelines for actions agreed upon in Kyoto. Other major issues on the Buenos Aires Conference of Parties (COP 4) agenda should be to discuss ways and means to helping developing countries to deal with climate change issues within their own territories, agreement about definitive status of the Global Environmental Fund, arriving at a more precise definition of the Clean Development Mechanism, and first and foremost the development of credible nati foremost the development of credible national systems (i.e. Annex 1 countries) for the estimation of anthropogenic emission sources and removal by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol on the Ozone Layer, and shaping an adequate non-compliance system

390

An assessment of the economic and environmental implications for Canada of the Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The National Climate Change Process was launched in April 1998 to examine the feasibility and implications of Canada's commitment to the Kyoto Protocol. The Analysis Modelling Group (AMG) was designated to assess the economic and environmental consequences for Canada in achieving the target. This report summarizes the analytical approach, the assumptions, the results and the main findings of the AMG's efforts to analyse the macro-/micro-economic, social, health and environmental implications of the Kyoto Protocol. The role of the AMG was to provide policymakers with guidance on some issues such as the economic implications of different broad policy approaches, the potential costs of greater access to the Kyoto flexibility mechanisms, the sectoral and regional distributions of emissions reductions, and the degree to which Canada's competitive position could be affected by the achievement of the Protocol. The relative importance of greenhouse gas reduction was also discussed along with a review of actions that offer significant potential for emissions reductions. The AMG examined five policy packages or Paths which are differentiated by different degrees of reliance on specific measures and tradable permit systems and by the imposition of sectoral versus national targets. It was concluded that at the national level, attainment of the target results in sustained, long-term negative economic impacts. In the long run, the reduction in gross domestic product (GDP) relative in gross domestic product (GDP) relative to the business-as-usual case, ranges from 0 to 3 per cent depending on the path-scenario combination. It was emphasized that it is important to provide perspective on these estimates. 37 refs., 64 figs

391

GHG emissions, GDP growth and the Kyoto Protocol: A revisit of Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Protocol attempts through political negotiations to guide participating industrialized countries' greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from a positive growing trend, to reach a peak point (or turning point), and then be reduced to a negative growth. That means the relationship between decreasing GHG emissions and economic growth may be described by an inverted-U curve (or called a bell-shaped curve), which is consistent with the concept of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis. This research observed that the economic development and GHG emissions in Economies in Transition (EITs) exhibit a hockey-stick curve trend (or called quasi-L-shape curve), that also generates a lot of 'hot air' which is significant to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. In addition, through the analysis of single-country time series data and GDP data, this research demonstrated that statistical data for most of the Annex II countries do not possess evidence that supports the EKC hypothesis for GHG emissions. The results from this study also indicated that the 38 industrialized countries are unable to meet their targets under the Kyoto Protocol within the specified time period, which are probably caused by the econometric method's inability to predict accurately the extents and development of innovative technologies and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects. If the international community truly wants to reduce the GHG emissions, the effectiveness of the existing international framework for emissions reduction needs to be reconsidered seriously, and the global cooperation mechanism also needs to be greatly enhanced. (author)

Huang, Wei Ming; Lee, Grace W.M. [Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, 71, Chou-Shan Road, Taipei 106 (China); Wu, Chih Cheng [Energy and Air Pollution Control Section, New Materials R and D Department, China Steel Corporation, 1, Chung-Kang Road, Siaogang District, Kaohsiung 81233 (China)

2008-01-15

392

GHG emissions, GDP growth and the Kyoto Protocol: A revisit of Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Protocol attempts through political negotiations to guide participating industrialized countries' greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from a positive growing trend, to reach a peak point (or turning point), and then be reduced to a negative growth. That means the relationship between decreasing GHG emissions and economic growth may be described by an inverted-U curve (or called a bell-shaped curve), which is consistent with the concept of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis. This research observed that the economic development and GHG emissions in Economies in Transition (EITs) exhibit a hockey-stick curve trend (or called quasi-L-shape curve), that also generates a lot of 'hot air' which is significant to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. In addition, through the analysis of single-country time series data and GDP data, this research demonstrated that statistical data for most of the Annex II countries do not possess evidence that supports the EKC hypothesis for GHG emissions. The results from this study also indicated that the 38 industrialized countries are unable to meet their targets under the Kyoto Protocol within the specified time period, which are probably caused by the econometric method's inability to predict accurately the extents and development of innovative technologies and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects. If the international community truly wants to reduce the GHG emissions, the effectiveness of the existing international framework for emissions reduction needs to be reconsidered seriously, and the global cooperation mechanism also needs to be greatly enhanced.

Huang Weiming [Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, 71, Chou-Shan Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Lee, Grace W.M. [Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, 71, Chou-Shan Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: gracelee@ntu.edu.tw; Wu Chihcheng [Energy and Air Pollution Control Section, New Materials R and D Department, China Steel Corporation, 1, Chung-Kang Road, Siaogang District, Kaohsiung 81233, Taiwan (China)

2008-01-15

393

GHG emissions, GDP growth and the Kyoto Protocol: A revisit of Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto Protocol attempts through political negotiations to guide participating industrialized countries' greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from a positive growing trend, to reach a peak point (or turning point), and then be reduced to a negative growth. That means the relationship between decreasing GHG emissions and economic growth may be described by an inverted-U curve (or called a bell-shaped curve), which is consistent with the concept of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis. This research observed that the economic development and GHG emissions in Economies in Transition (EITs) exhibit a hockey-stick curve trend (or called quasi-L-shape curve), that also generates a lot of 'hot air' which is significant to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. In addition, through the analysis of single-country time series data and GDP data, this research demonstrated that statistical data for most of the Annex II countries do not possess evidence that supports the EKC hypothesis for GHG emissions. The results from this study also indicated that the 38 industrialized countries are unable to meet their targets under the Kyoto Protocol within the specified time period, which are probably caused by the econometric method's inability to predict accurately the extents and development of innovative technologies and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects. If the international community truly wants to reduce the GHG emissions, the effectiveness of the existing intern, the effectiveness of the existing international framework for emissions reduction needs to be reconsidered seriously, and the global cooperation mechanism also needs to be greatly enhanced

394

The Kyoto Protocol: one more stage in the climate change negotiations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This article notices on the internal difficulties that will be generated around the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in developed countries as United States, Canada and Japan, given the position of industries like the vehicles and the energetic, that try to dilate the commitments assumed in December of 1997. It is emphasized in the North American case, taking into account their contribution in the global greenhouse gases emissions and the importance of their participation in an international agreement on the topic of the climate change, assuming a critical position about the Senate's decision of conditioning the agreement's ratification to the assumption of commitments of developing countries

395

On the road to Bali: operationalising the Kyoto Protocol Adaptation Fund  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Adaptation Fund was created under the Kyoto Protocol to support adaptation measures on the ground, particularly in very vulnerable countries. It is unique both in the way it is financed and in the potential scale of money generated. As such, we believe it will be best served with a 'stand-alone' operating entity and a decision-making format that genuinely guarantees the authority of the Protocol's Meeting of Parties over the Fund. This may mean a delay in setting up and running the Fund – but given the importance of getting its governance and management right, we feel this is an acceptable risk.

Sopoaga, Enele; Greyling, Lydia; Lesolle, David; Massawa, Emily; Miquez, Jose

2007-10-15

396

Morphological description of two bucephalid trematodes collected from freshwater fishes in the Uji River, Kyoto, Japan.  

Science.gov (United States)

The morphology of two species of bucephalids (Bucephalidae; Digenea; Trematoda), which since 1999 has caused a fish disease at the Uji River, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan, is described. Parabucephalopsis parasiluri Wang, 1985 was first recorded in the Uji River in 2000, and Prosorhynchoides ozakii (Nagaty, 1937) in 2005. The definitive host of both species is the Lake Biwa catfish (Silurus biwaensis), and the second intermediate hosts include many fish species from several families. P. parasiluri is an introduced parasite that invaded with its first intermediate host, golden mussels (Limnoperna fortunei), from the Asian continent. P. ozakii may also be an introduced species, although its first intermediate host has not been identified. PMID:17590385

Urabe, Misako; Ogawa, Kazuo; Nakatsugawa, Toshio; Nakai, Kentaro; Tanaka, Masaharu; Wang, Guitang

2007-12-01

397

The Global Trend of Energy Saving and Carbon Reducing in Post-Kyoto Protocol Era  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In recent years, with increased focus on extreme global climates, the drastic population growth, and the exhaustion of resources, humanity has a greater need for and reliance on intelligent, technology-enhanced living, as well as more effective means of production. Being sustainable, green, and environmentally friendly is becoming more and more a global priority. Energy saving and carbon reduction are the keys to achieving intelligent living, clean production, and environmental responsibility. The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED convened in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. One hundred and fifty five countries jointly signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC. This treaty and the Conference of the Parties are the origins of the Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol became effective in February, 2005, and required 38 industrially developed countries in the European Union and the United States to reduce emissions of six kinds of greenhouse gases, including CO2, from their 1990 levels by a further 5.2%, which equates to about 12.86 billion tons between 2008 and 2012. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC stated in the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4 [1], issued in 2007, that global warming resulted from anthropogenic global warming (AGW. In addition, AGW further caused extreme climates, melting icecaps, and rising sea levels. Although the causes and effects have been debated among nations, it is undeniable that global warming resulted in the wheat-producing areas of the world moving north, as well as the clear opening of the Northwest Passage, which has facilitated the exploitation of the resources in the polar region. Russia, the United States, Canada, Denmark, and Norway have all longed to benefit from the resources in the polar region. Sustainability and development are now not only environmental issues, but also political and economic battlefields for nations.In 2012, with the expiration date of Kyoto Protocol approaching, how should people set goals toward energy saving and carbon reduction in the post-Kyoto Protocol era? The future is full of uncertainties because of the scrambling for benefits between countries and groups. The intelligent living and the developments of automation and energy saving technologies based on the theory of energy saving and carbon reduction are also turbulent. The COP17 of UNFCCC will be held in Durban, South Africa in November, where it is possible to end the present dissent.

Chih-Lun Chen

2011-12-01

398

The obligations of the Kyoto Protocol for Italy and the impact on the national economic system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Unione Petrolifera shares the Kyoto Protocol that defines the objectives for the developed countries and represents a clear indication for the developing countries that in the near future will become the largest contributors of greenhouse gas emissions. But equally clearly must be stressed that the obligations negotiated by the Environment Ministry for Italy are very strong and not balanced at Community level. Therefore the oil industry asks for measures more balanced at Community level taking into account the results already reached by the Italian energy sector in terms of efficiency and specific CO2 emissions

399

Correlation of Managers' Value Systems and Students' Moral Development in High Schools and Pre-University Centers  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this research was to understand the managers' value system, the students' moral development, and their relationship in the high schools and pre-universities of District One in Kerman City. The research method used was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population was composed of high school and pre-university managers and…

Alavi, Hamid Reza; Rahimipoor, Tahereh

2010-01-01

400

Commissioning of the discrete spot scanning proton beam delivery system at University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Proton Therapy Center, Houston  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To describe a summary of the clinical commissioning of the discrete spot scanning proton beam at the Proton Therapy Center, Houston (PTC-H). Methods: Discrete spot scanning system is composed of a delivery system (Hitachi ProBeat), an electronic medical record (Mosaiq V 1.5), and a treatment planning system (TPS) (Eclipse V 8.1). Discrete proton pencil beams (spots) are used to deposit dose spot by spot and layer by layer for the proton distal ranges spanning from 4.0 to 30.6 g/cm2 and over a maximum scan area at the isocenter of 30x30 cm2. An arbitrarily chosen reference calibration condition has been selected to define the monitor units (MUs). Using radiochromic film and ion chambers, the authors have measured spot positions, the spot sizes in air, depth dose curves, and profiles for proton beams with various energies in water, and studied the linearity of the dose monitors. In addition to dosimetric measurements and TPS modeling, significant efforts were spent in testing information flow and recovery of the delivery system from treatment interruptions. Results: The main dose monitors have been adjusted such that a specific amount of charge is collected in the monitor chamber corresponding to a single MU, following the IAEA TRS 398 protocol under a specific reference condition. The dose monitor calibration method is based on the absolute dose per MU, which is equivalent to the absolute dose per particle, the approach used by other scan particle, the approach used by other scanning beam institutions. The full width at half maximum for the spot size in air varies from approximately 1.2 cm for 221.8 MeV to 3.4 cm for 72.5 MeV. The measured versus requested 90% depth dose in water agrees to within 1 mm over ranges of 4.0-30.6 cm. The beam delivery interlocks perform as expected, guarantying the safe and accurate delivery of the planned dose. Conclusions: The dosimetric parameters of the discrete spot scanning proton beam have been measured as part of the clinical commissioning program, and the machine is found to function in a safe manner, making it suitable for patient treatment.

 
 
 
 
401

Post-Kyoto energy consumption strategies for the Greek interconnected electric system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The liberalization of the Greek electric market (Law 2773/99, updated with Laws 3175/2003 and 3426/2005 for incorporating Directive 2003/54 into the Greek legislation) is in its final structural transformation, which includes the fact that from 1.7.2007 each customer can select its electricity provider. This new status together with the procedure towards the formation of a post-Kyoto plan, raise the need of examining different energy saving strategies in the consumption side for evaluating their economic and environmental consequences. Such strategies may be useful for the decision makers or the electricity retail companies. This paper examines the influence of several post-Kyoto electricity consumption strategies in the Greek interconnected electric system for the period 2005-2025. The aim of the paper is to be used as a decision makers' tool for investigating the potential of electricity consumption policies. The results show that policies related either to seasonal peak demand control, or targeting at the total electric consumption lead to significant gains and emission reduction. Moreover the influence of factors, such as the weather conditions, the discount rate of the energy investments, the fuel prices evolution and the consumers' behavior linkage with oil prices are examined

402

Impacts of the Kyoto protocol on U.S. energy markets and economic activity  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Program in 1988 to assess the available scientific, technical, and socioeconomic information in the field of climate change. The most recent report of the IPCC concluded that ``Our ability to quantify the human influence on global climate is currently limited because the expected signal is still emerging from the noise of natural variability, and because there are uncertainties in key factors. These include the magnitudes and patterns of long-term variability and the time-evolving pattern of forcing by, and response to, changes in concentrations of greenhouse gases and aerosols, and land surface changes. Nevertheless the balance of evidence suggests that there is a discernible human influence on global climate. The first and second Conference of the Parties in 1995 and 1996 agreed to address the issue of greenhouse gas emissions for the period beyond 2000, and to negotiate quantified emission limitations and reductions for the third Conference of the Parties. On December 1 through 11, 1997, representatives from more than 160 countries met in Kyoto, Japan, to negotiate binding limits on greenhouse gas emissions for developed nations. The resulting Kyoto Protocol established emissions targets for each of the participating developed countries--the Annex 1 countries--relative to their 1990 emissions levels. 114 refs., 138 figs., 33 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01

403

Present state of Accelerator Driven Subcritical Reactor (ADSR) project in Kyoto Univ. Research Reactor Inst. (KURRI)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto Univ. Research Reactor Inst. (KURRI) has a plan to operate the Accelerator Driven Subcritical Reactor (ADSR) by using the Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (Fag) accelerator, which is a synchrotron-type accelerator developed in the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) of Japan. In this ADSR, high-energy neutrons generated by interaction of 150 MeV proton beam with heavy metal will be injected into a solid-moderated and -reflected thermal core (A-core) of the Kyoto Univ. Critical Assembly (KUCA) in the KURRI. At the A-core, a series of preliminary experiments had been carried out for examination of neutronic characteristics in the ADSR by using 14 MeV pulsed neutron generator combined with the A-core. The static and dynamic parameters were evaluated in the subcritical systems: neutron multiplication, neutron decay constant, reaction rate distribution, neutron spectrum and subcriticality. The numerical analyses for the experiments had been executed by using Monte Carlo calculation code MCNP-4C3 coupling with nuclear data libraries: ENDF/B-VI.2 and JENDL-3.3. From the comparison between the experiments and the calculations, it was obtained with the results very important and valuable for a new ADSR with the FFAG accelerator. After the injection by the FFAG accelerator, both new experiments and numerical simulations could be conducted for the high-energy neutrons generated by 150 MeV proton beam. (authors)

404

Impacts of the Kyoto protocol on U.S. energy markets and economic activity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Program in 1988 to assess the available scientific, technical, and socioeconomic information in the field of climate change. The most recent report of the IPCC concluded that ''Our ability to quantify the human influence on global climate is currently limited because the expected signal is still emerging from the noise of natural variability, and because there are uncertainties in key factors. These include the magnitudes and patterns of long-term variability and the time-evolving pattern of forcing by, and response to, changes in concentrations of greenhouse gases and aerosols, and land surface changes. Nevertheless the balance of evidence suggests that there is a discernible human influence on global climate. The first and second Conference of the Parties in 1995 and 1996 agreed to address the issue of greenhouse gas emissions for the period beyond 2000, and to negotiate quantified emission limitations and reductions for the third Conference of the Parties. On December 1 through 11, 1997, representatives from more than 160 countries met in Kyoto, Japan, to negotiate binding limits on greenhouse gas emissions for developed nations. The resulting Kyoto Protocol established emissions targets for each of the participating developed countries--the Annex 1 countries--relative to their 1990 emissions levels. 114 refs., 138 figs., 33 tabs

405

On the Consequences of the U.S. Withdrawal from the Kyoto/Bonn Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The US decision not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and the recent outcomes of the Bonn and Marrakech Conferences of the Parties have important implications for both the effectiveness and the efficiency of future climate policies. Among these implications, those related with technical change and with the functioning of the international market for carbon emissions are particularly relevant, because these variables have the largest impact on the overall abatement cost to be borne by Annex B countries in the short and in the long run. This paper analyses the consequences of the US decision to withdraw from the Kyoto/Bonn Protocol both on technological innovation and on the price of emission permits (and, as a consequence, on abatement costs). A first goal is to assess the impact of the US defection on the price of permits and compliance costs when technological innovation and diffusion is taken into account (the model embodies international technological spillovers). A second goal is to understand for what reasons in the presence of endogenous and induced technical change the reduction of the price of permits is lower than in most empirical analyses recently circulated. A third goal is to assess the role of Russia in climate negotiations, its increased bargaining power and its eventual incentives to follow the US defections

406

Increased Energy Efficiency in Slovenian Industry - A Contribution to the Kyoto Target  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In Slovenia the actual fast growth of greenhouse emissions will require substantial efforts to fulfil the target set in Kyoto. The end-use emissions in the in the industrial sectors represented one third of the total CO2 emissions in the country in 1996. The cost-effective potential in the sector for CO2 emission reduction is significant. In the paper, the most important ongoing energy efficiency activities in the industrial sector are presented: information and awareness building, energy advising to larger industrial consumers, energy audition programme, demonstration programme of energy efficiency technologies, financial incentives for energy efficiency investment and the energy efficiency investment fund. A CO2 tax has been in force since 1997. The results of an evaluation of energy efficiency strategies in industry in the frame of the project 'Integrated resource planning for the energy efficiency in Slovenia' are discussed from the viewpoint of greenhouse gases reduction targets set by Slovenia, and a brief information on the ongoing and expected post Kyoto activities and studies is given. The most important points of the future GHG reduction strategy related to industrial sector in Slovenia will be focused on intensified energy efficiency programme, increased combined heat and power production (CHP), and the effects of incentives through the CO2 tax. (author)

407

Present state of Accelerator Driven Subcritical Reactor (ADSR) project in Kyoto Univ. Research Reactor Inst. (KURRI)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Univ. Research Reactor Inst. (KURRI) has a plan to operate the Accelerator Driven Subcritical Reactor (ADSR) by using the Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (Fag) accelerator, which is a synchrotron-type accelerator developed in the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) of Japan. In this ADSR, high-energy neutrons generated by interaction of 150 MeV proton beam with heavy metal will be injected into a solid-moderated and -reflected thermal core (A-core) of the Kyoto Univ. Critical Assembly (KUCA) in the KURRI. At the A-core, a series of preliminary experiments had been carried out for examination of neutronic characteristics in the ADSR by using 14 MeV pulsed neutron generator combined with the A-core. The static and dynamic parameters were evaluated in the subcritical systems: neutron multiplication, neutron decay constant, reaction rate distribution, neutron spectrum and subcriticality. The numerical analyses for the experiments had been executed by using Monte Carlo calculation code MCNP-4C3 coupling with nuclear data libraries: ENDF/B-VI.2 and JENDL-3.3. From the comparison between the experiments and the calculations, it was obtained with the results very important and valuable for a new ADSR with the FFAG accelerator. After the injection by the FFAG accelerator, both new experiments and numerical simulations could be conducted for the high-energy neutrons generated by 150 MeV proton beam. (authors)

Pyeon, C. H.; Misawa, T.; Unesaki, H.; Shiroya, S. [Div. of Nuclear Engineering Science, Research Reactor Inst., Kyoto Univ., Asashiro-nishi, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 590-0494 (Japan)

2006-07-01

408

The Role of Nuclear Energy in Meeting the Kyoto Protocol Commitments of the Croatian Power Sector  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It is analysed here how the Croatian power system can meet its CO2 emission reduction commitments, in case the Kyoto Protocol is ratified. Several scenarios of medium-term power system development are designed, based on the forecasted electricity demand growth and the retirement schedule of the existing power plants. Scenarios differ in natural gas constraints and the treatment of nuclear power (whether nuclear is allowed among expansion options or not). An optimal power system expansion plan for each scenario is found, together with the electricity generation mix and the corresponding SO2, NOx, particulates and CO2 emissions. If the calculated CO2 emissions do not comply with the anticipated Kyoto quota, various measures are simulated (such as early retirement of the high carbon-emitting power plants, or introducing more nuclear power), in order to achieve compliance. Furthermore, the existence of a CO2 cap-and-trade system is assumed, where each ton of CO2 above the allocated quota is charged with a penalty in the range of 5-30 US$. The latter is the expected price range for CO2 emission allowances on the soon-to-be-launched European Union emissions market. The expected yearly costs i.e. revenues associated with the assumed cap-and-trade system are calculated for the period 2008-2012, for the analysed power system development scenarios. (author)

409

Financing hydropower projects using the mechanisms provided by the Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One of the most serious and current environmental global problems is the Climate Change generated by the increasing of Green House gas (GHG) level. Romania has signed the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change and is the first country listed in Convention Annex I which ratified Kyoto Protocol. Romania committed itself to lower the level of GHG emissions with 8% as compared with the GHG emissions level in 1989, what is similar to the commitment of EU countries. In order to satisfy the requirements of accession to the European Union, Romania has also developed several national strategies to promote sustainable development. Hidroelectrica's Environmental Policy includes international partnership to finance the hydropower projects under Kyoto Protocol of United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change. Hidroelectrica has submitted Joint Implementation projects to the PCF program of World Bank and ERUPT programs of Dutch Government. The paper reflects Hidroelectrica's experience in that field: the actions necessary to initiate and promote such projects, the steps recommended in developing their implementation, difficulties and barriers, results obtained, learned lessons. (author)

410

Gas, benefits and question marks. The Oklo reactors: 100 % natural. The Kyoto protocol: use it or lose it?. Small hydro power: a great leap forward. The energy mix of South Korea  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This issue of Alternatives newsletter contains a main press-kit about natural gas economics worldwide and 4 articles dealing with the Oklo natural reactor, the Kyoto protocol, the small hydro-power in China, and the energy mix of South Korea: 1 - 'Gas benefits and question marks': The world's most widely distributed fossil fuel, natural gas is also the fastest-growing energy source of the past thirty years. Its position as the fuel of choice in the global energy mix is due in large part to its many domestic and industrial applications. 2 - 'The Oklo reactors: 100% natural': Another look at this extraordinary 2 billion year-old phenomenon in words and pictures: the nuclear fission reaction that created the natural reactors of Gabon. 3 - 'The Kyoto Protocol: use it or lose it?': Nearly eight years after its signature, the Kyoto Protocol is still hotly debated. Two experts give us their views: Spencer Abraham, former U.S. Secretary for Energy, and Jean-Charles Hourcade of CIRED, the international center for research on the environment and development. 4 - 'Small hydro power: a great leap forward': The Chinese government has responded to the need for rural electrification with an aid program for the country's poorest cantons. Enter the small hydro plant in northern Guangxi province. 5 - 'The energy mix of South Korea': Faced with continuing strong economic growth and energy demand, South Korea has multiplied its projects, from hydropower to tidal power to nuclear and evenropower to tidal power to nuclear and even hydrogen in the longer term

411

Development of an auto-focusing imaging system in the soft X-ray microscope beamline of the SR center in Ritsumeikan University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An X-ray microscope beamline (BL-12) was installed in the SR center, Ritsumeikan University, in 1996 and has been operated for 12 years. After XRM2005, an automated CZP positioning system has been used for daily observation. Using this system, several unique biological samples were observed. In 2007, we started a new project to develop an auto-focusing imaging system in the beamline. The system can be controlled by a single finger and makes possible to perform the multi-wavelength imaging in a wide wavelength region from 1.73 to 4.73 nm. With this system, an edge absorption imaging can be easily applied to many elements.

412

Research, Education and Service Utilizations of Borazole Nuclear Reactor at the Radiation Science and Engineering Center at the Pennsylvania State University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Radiation Science and Engineering Center (RSEC) facilities at the Pennsylvania State University include Penn State Breazeale Reactor (PSBR), gamma irradiation facilities, several radiation detection and measurement laboratories and neutron irradiation facilities. The PSBR is a 1 MW, TRIGA with moveable core in a large pool with pulsing capabilities. A variety of dry tubes and fixtures are available for in or near core irradiations. The RSEC facilities are heavily used for nuclear science and engineering research, education and services. Examples of multidisciplinary nuclear science and engineering research, educational as well as industrial service utilizations at the RSEC will be presented

413

Medizinhistorische Buchbestände am Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf und ihre Entsäuerung [Historic collections of the Medical Library of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and their deacidification  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available [english] The Medical Library of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf holds considerable special collections. This article introduces the library’s three most significant collections of medical history and informs about recent activities in preservation aiming at preserving these collections in the long term as well as improving accessibility.[german] Die Ärztliche Zentralbibliothek (ÄZB am Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE verfügt über bedeutende Spezialsammlungen. Der vorliegende Aufsatz informiert über die drei wichtigsten medizinhistorischen Spezialsammlungen und berichtet von den Aktivitäten im Bereich Bestandserhaltung, die die ÄZB in den vergangenen Jahren unternommen hat und aktuell durchführt, um die Bestände langfristig zu erhalten und die Zugänglichkeit zu verbessern.

Kintzel, Melanie

2012-09-01

414