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Kyoto University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper discusses how Kyoto University facilities are involved in research in fusion nuclear technology. In the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the main campus in Kyoto, research is being done on plasma/wall interaction, plasma-driven tritium permeation, reactor, neutronics, heat extraction technologies, and tritium recovery. At the Institute of Atomic Energy at the Uji campus, plasma direct energy conversion, liquid-metal burial dump pumping, advanced fuel reactor studies, and thermochemistry of lithium-containing ceramics are being studied. At the Research Reactor Institute in the Kumatori area in Osaka prefecture, fusion neutronics for basic nuclear data, integral experiments and analyses, fusion-fission hybrid neutronics, and material development for fusion reactors are being researched on the 5-MV Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR), an intense 14-MeV neutron source, and a linear electron accelerator.

Yoshikawa, K. (Kyoto Univ., Institute of Atomic Energy, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611 (JP))

1990-03-01

2

Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper discusses how Kyoto University facilities are involved in research in fusion nuclear technology. In the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the main campus in Kyoto, research is being done on plasma/wall interaction, plasma-driven tritium permeation, reactor, neutronics, heat extraction technologies, and tritium recovery. At the Institute of Atomic Energy at the Uji campus, plasma direct energy conversion, liquid-metal burial dump pumping, advanced fuel reactor studies, and thermochemistry of lithium-containing ceramics are being studied. At the Research Reactor Institute in the Kumatori area in Osaka prefecture, fusion neutronics for basic nuclear data, integral experiments and analyses, fusion-fission hybrid neutronics, and material development for fusion reactors are being researched on the 5-MV Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR), an intense 14-MeV neutron source, and a linear electron accelerator

1990-01-01

3

PIXE analysis using Kyoto University cyclotron  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The PIXE analysis using an external proton beam have been investigated at Kyoto University cyclotron. Here discussed is the usefulness of the external beam PIXE as an analytical tool in the study of elements. A detection limit of 7 x 10"-"8 g for iron was obtained. Examples of applications of PIXE to environmental, biological, archaeological and electrochemical problems are given. (author)

1980-01-01

4

Present status of Kyoto University MIR-FEL facility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have developed a linac based Mid Infrared Free electron Laser (MIR-FEL) facility in Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University. The Kyoto University Free electron laser (KU-FEL) consists of 4.5-cell thermionic RF gun, S-band accelerator tube and Halbach undulator. The lasing wavelength is 12-14 ?m at present. The limitation of the lasing wavelength mainly comes from instability of the thermionic RF gun and performance of the undulator. In order to extend tuning range of wavelength and improve stability we have been working on the study of electron source, beam diagnostic and control, and replacement of the undulator. As a pilot application to evaluate selective phonon excitation processes in solid materials by irradiating with MIR-FEL, a PL measurement system was installed and we have started test measurement. In 2011, the Joint Usage/Research Center program 'The core research center program on Zero-Emission Energy' was authorized by the MEXT and the KU-FEL facility is open for users through the program. (author)

2011-08-01

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Light-water moderator core of Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Kyoto University Critical Assembly KUCA is of new type with three cores which consist of highly enriched uranium and solid moderator or light water moderator. The first critical experiment of KUCA was performed in August, 1974. In the present report, the basic concepts of the system and the construction of the light water moderator assembly are described, including the design policy and the matters which demand special attention in its construction. The design of KUCA was done on the basis of the original and unique idea and of the experience of the operation, maintenance and improvement of more than ten years in the research reactor at Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. Any compromise was excluded from the viewpoint of reactor safety. (author)

1978-01-01

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Reactor physics experiment using Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A critical assembly (KUCA) was constructed at the Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. Three holding frames were prepared for assembling the cores of the assembly, namely two for the solid-moderated cores and one for the light water-moderated core. The thermal output power is 100 W. The fuel of the assembly is 93 percent enriched uranium. An ion accelerator of 300 kV is provided to inject pulsed neutrons into the cores of the assembly. The assembly has been used for 5 years for various purposes. The experiments which have been made are the initial experiment on the characteristics of the assembly, the fundamental experiments on the light water-moderated core, the preliminary experiments for the construction of the second reactor of Kyoto University, the experiments on the simulated core of the second reactor, and the experiments on the solid-moderated cores containing Th. The second reactor of Kyoto University will be a heavy water-reflected reactor with two-division core. The reactivity and criticality were carefully measured with the KUCA. The critical experiment was performed in comparison with the computer analysis. Neutron flux distribution, the suppression effect of control rods, the temperature coefficient and the dynamic characteristics were also measured. Integral experiments on the neutron cross section data of Th were performed with the KUCA. The experiments were carried out with the solid-moderated core. The KUCA was used for the reactor training course for the students of graduate schools. (Kato, T.)

1979-01-01

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Polarized ionic source of the tandem accelerator in Kyoto University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A polarized ion source developed under the National Laboratory of High Energy Physics was transferred to the tandem accelerator in Kyoto University at beginning of 1993 to constitute a displacement of incidence into the accelerator. This was an atomic beam type polarized ion source, which is designed to adopt permanent magnets for 6 poles magnet to polarize the electron, to take out atomic nucleus on a shape of positive ion by ECR ionizer after transferring its polarization through transition using radio frequency (RFT), to make it negative ion by charge conversion using alkaline metal vapor, and to put it into the tandem accelerator. Test of the positive ion was finished at the National Laboratory of High Energy Physics, and test in Kyoto University was required after its negative ionization. As the estimated cost was unsufficient and entrance into the ion source facility in the tandem accelerator building was limited in Kyoto University, step of development was slow. Here is reported on present state of the ion source which is now operating stably. (G.K.)

Nakamura, Masanobu; Kuwamoto, Shuichi; Takahashi, Seiji [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics] [and others

1997-02-01

8

Model experiments for rf structure of Kyoto University superconducting cyclotron  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The superconducting cyclotron is being developed at Chalk River and at Michigan State University, the model test for the superconducting magnet of the cyclotron was performed at the University of Milan, and also proposals were presented by Berkeley and Oak Ridge. The idea of these machines is to adopted superconducting coils to the main field coils of isochronous cyclotrons. The using the high field generated by these coils lead to a reduction in physical size, and give promise of savings both in construction and operation costs. The Kyoto University superconducting cyclotron is a prototype machine for establishing the basic feasibility of the superconducting cyclotron. The k-value of the cyclotron is 14 MeV and is a three-dee structure. The design studies are going on, and a superconducting coil is under construction at a company, and the coil will be completed in march of 1980. The full scale model experiments for the rf structure were performed at Kyoto University recently. (author)

1980-01-01

9

UCN-VCN facility and experiments in Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An ultracold and very cold neutron facility was installed in Kyoto University Reactor (KUR). The facility consists of a very cold neutron (VCN) guide tube, a VCN bender, a supermirror neutron turbine and experimental equipments with ultracold neutrons (UCN). The properties of each equipments are presented. UCN is generated by a supermirror neutron turbine combined with the cold neutron source operated with liquid deuterium, and the UCN output spectrum was measured by the time-of-flight method. A gravity analyzer for high resolution spectroscopy and a neutron bottle for decay experiments are now developing as the UCN research in KUR. (author)

1993-11-01

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Satellite pulsed tiny neutron source at Kyoto University, Sakyo  

Science.gov (United States)

A pulsed neutron source facility will be constructed at Kyoto University, where the accelerated 3.5 MeV proton beam will bombard a Li or Be target to generate neutrons. The average current, the pulse width and the typical repetition rate are 100 ?A, 100 ?s and 70 Hz, respectively. The purposes of the system are neutron imaging, material science, fundamental physics, etc. This kind of compact facility, which can be distributed at modest cost, will help to incubate new ideas and promote growth of neutron science worldwide.

Iwashita, Y.; Nagae, T.; Tanimori, T.; Fujioka, H.; Shimizu, H. M.

2011-04-01

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Safety and interlock system of Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

KUCA (Kyoto University Critical Assembly) is an entirely new type of critical facility which is composed of three independent highly enriched uranium cores, two with solid moderators and the other with a light water moderator. These three cores share many common facilities such as control rod drive mechanism, instrumentation system, and various experimental facilities. To secure safety and smooth operation of this multi-core system, a safety and interlock system was developed based on the ten years experiences in design, construction, and operation of research reactors at the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. The first critical experiment with KUCA was performed in August 1974. Since then, this safety and interlock system have served as the nucleus of the network of KUCA. This document provides with the basic concept of the safety and interlock system together with various experiences in its construction and operation. Safety logics and system flow charts in various operational procedures are explained with many figures and tables. (Aoki, K.)

1977-01-01

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Data base for experiment in Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The critical assembly in Kyoto University (KUCA) is used commonly by many Japanese universities. Since various independent short term (about a week) experiments are undertaken, there has been a strong need for preparing a common data base of the information about the experiment. In these circumstances, a personal computer-based information retrieval system has been constructed. This system is composed of three major sub-systems; CAEX, KUGRAPH, and KUJWP. The core arrangement of the retrieved experiment is graphically displayed on a color tube by KUGRAPH. The details of the report concerning the experiment are also displayed in Japanese by KUJWP sub-system. In this report, some details of these sub-systems are described together with some examples of the actual use of the system. Future probelms that must be solved, for example, the interchangeability between different types of personal computers and the memory capacity for the data base are also briefly discussed. (Aoki, K.)

1983-05-01

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Neutron standard field at Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neutron fields and the method of neutron measurements at the Research Reactor Institute (KUR) of Kyoto University are described. The neutron fields are a thermal neutron field with Maxwell distribution and a U-235 fission field of fission plate. Those are obtained at the heavy water facility of KUR. The neutron spectrum in the reactor core is similar to the standard fission spectrum for the energy above 1.5 MeV. The I/E type spectrum can be obtained at a graphite assembly. The standard methods of neutron measurement at KUR are foil activation method, the time of flight method and proton recoil method. The average cross sections of various threshold reactions for fission neutrons and thermal neutrons have been measured by these facilities. (Kato, T.)

1979-02-23

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Positron beam facility at Kyoto University Research Reactor  

Science.gov (United States)

A positron beam facility is presently under construction at the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR), which is a light-water moderated tank-type reactor operated at a rated thermal power of 5 MW. A cadmium (Cd) - tungsten (W) source similar to that used in NEPOMUC was chosen in the KUR because Cd is very efficient at producing ?-rays when exposed to thermal neutron flux, and W is a widely used in converter and moderator materials. High-energy positrons are moderated by a W moderator with a mesh structure. Electrical lenses and a solenoid magnetic field are used to extract the moderated positrons and guide them to a platform outside of the reactor, respectively. Since Japan is an earthquake-prone country, a special attention is paid for the design of the in-pile positron source so as not to damage the reactor in the severe earthquake.

Xu, Q.; Sato, K.; Yoshiie, T.; Sano, T.; Kawabe, H.; Nagai, Y.; Nagumo, K.; Inoue, K.; Toyama, T.; Oshima, N.; Kinomura, A.; Shirai, Y.

2014-04-01

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Accelerator mass analysis at tandem accelerator in Kyoto University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Tandem accelerator in Science Faculty, Kyoto University was renewed from 5 MV in the highest terminal voltage of Van de Graaff to 8 MV of Peletron in 1992. And, AMS effective for cosmic ray, dating, environment measurement and so forth is determined to a column of collaborative studies by universities and institutes in Japan. On this renewal, because of using high energy beam transportation of the present tandem accelerator, super high sensitivity measurement of long half-life radioactive isotopes of heavy elements such as {sup 36}Cl, {sup 41}Ca, {sup 129}I and so forth is aimed, although having some limitations due to small magnet. The accelerator is active in characteristics of the middle size tandem accelerator, and developing {sup 14}C measurement for its standard technology, as aiming at {sup 36}Cl measurement, at first. As a result, in this tandem accelerator stable and high beam transmittance could be obtained by adding a slit at negative ion source to make emittance of incident beam smaller. {sup 14}C/{sup 12}C ratio of Modan`s sample obtained by graphitizing NBS oxalic acid and Ded`s sample consisting of mineral graphite produced in Sri Lanka are measured to confirm better reproductivity of this system. Future development of successive incident method is planned to test actual carbon samples. (G.K.)

Nakamura, Masanobu; Tazawa, Yuji; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Hirose, Masanori [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Science; Ogino, Koya; Kohno, Masuchika; Funaba, Hiroyuki

1996-12-01

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Nuclear and process instrumentations of Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) is a new type critical assembly with three cores which consist of highly enriched uranium and of solid moderator or light water moderator. Three fission chambers, three un-compensated ionization chambers and co-axial cables connected to preamplifiers or to a cable junction box are located at each core assembly. By the junction box near at the entrance of the reactor room, each channel of amplifier, high voltage and some interlock cables are connected to a set of six neutron detectors of the operating core. The basic role of the operating staff of a nuclear research reactor is, of course, to operate the reactor safety and efficiently. In achieving this, the philosophy of ''fail safe'', ''fool proof'', ''high reliability'' and many other contrivances are employed in designing the nuclear instrumentation. the initial critical experiment of KUCA was performed in August 1974. Since then, several troubles occured in the first one year, e.g. spurious scram LOG-N amplifier, but these troubles have been solved. In a whole, the nuclear instrumention has been operated as expected. In the present report, the basic concept of instrumentation, its construction, and the operation experience are described. (author)

1978-01-01

17

Ion and electron Van de Graaff accelerators of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two Van de Graaff accelerators are available at the Uji campus of Kyoto University. One is a 4MV machine, which is used for heavy ion acceleration, while the other is a 2MV machine for electron acceleration. These machines have been modified in various parts and currently used very actively in many fields of investigation. Important modifications of the 4MV machine are: use of a newly developed accelerating tube, addition of a charge-changer before the analyzing magnet, renewal of the charging belt, and development of a microbeam system for PIXE and RBS analysis. An attempt is now being made to accelerate micro-particles using the 2MV machine. The new accelerating tube has bucket type electrodes with large accelerating apertures. By charge-changing the accelerated 1+ ions to higher charge states, 2+, 3+, ..., at the entrance of the analyzing magnet, Ar ions with energies of up to 2.73, 6.21, .... MeV can be deflected to the duct. Scanning microbeam PIXE and RBS are powerful tools for analysis of spatial elemental distribution. Calculations suggest that a beam size of about 3 ?m can be attained by using an object aperture of 10?m in diameter and controlling the beam divergence within 10? rad in both directions. (N.K.)

1990-05-01

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Metallic ion linear accelerator at Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new project of constructing a metallic ion linear accelerator is in progress at Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University. The budget was approved in 1978. The accelerator consists of a metallic ion injector, a Wideroe type linear accelerator, and a beam analyser. The injector is a Cockcroft-Walton type accelerator with a metal ion source. The ion source is a PIG type one. The energy of the multi-charge ions from the ion source is 12 keV/A. The frequencies of the two-stage accelerating cavity of the linear accelerator are 25 and 50 MHz. The kinds of ions which can be accelerated are from helium ions to silver ions. The energy gain is from 12 to 90 keV/A and from 90 to 140 keV/A, respectively. The accelerated ion beam is analysed by a double-focus analysing magnet. Various kinds of experiments concerning solid state physics, radiation damage, ion implantation and so on are proposed. (Kato, T.)

1980-01-01

19

Studies on laser isotope separation in Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report presents a historical summary of studies on laser isotope separation which have been conducted in Kyoto University, Japan. Separation of isotopes can be carried out by selective excitation of molecular vibration. An attempt was first made to separate adsorbed molecules by selectively exciting their vibrations using a CO_2 laser, but satisfactory results were not obtained. The matrix isolation method was then used to migrate molecules selectively in an Xe solid matrix at low temperatures. The separation factor was greater than 15 for "1"1BCl_3-"1"0BCl_3 separation. Another study showed that the position of an infrared absorption peak can be varied by changing the composition of a binary matrix, making it possible to adjust the peak position to the laser vibration. It is also found that unexcited molecules, rather than excited ones, were released from a solidified rare gas matrix when a pulse wave of CO_2 laser is applied (laser sputtering). This apparently unusual phenomenon is briefly discussed in relation to the mechanism of Xe sublimation, concluding that it is attributed to the fact that the sublimation is suppressed by laser irradiation. The report also describes an effect of laser irradiation on gas permeability of polymer films and methods for selective separation by taking advantage of this effect. (Nogami, K.)

1986-01-01

20

l=1 helical axis heliotron device in Kyoto university  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Helical systems are an attractive candidate for magnetic fusion reactor. Recently, there has been great progress in theoretical research of three dimensional magnetic field structures, resulting in several kinds of confinement optimization being proposed for toroidal magnetic confinement system. For example, some sophisticated ideas have appeared on stage such as quasi-helical symmetry and quasi-isodynamic system. To find experimentally which way is the best Optimisation, a new helical axis heliotron device, so called 'Heliotron J', is under construction in the Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Japan. In this conference, the basic concept and the present status will be presented. In the conventional plane axis helical system, it was difficult to have both good particle confinement and good MHD stability simultaneously. The goal of Heliotron J project is to clarify their compatibility in the spatial axis toroidal device. The best way for Optimising the helical magnetic field configuration will be explored by investigating the plasma response to the change in the field components. The main subjects for plasma experiment are: demonstration of the existence of good magnetic flux surfaces, reduction of neoclassical transport in collisionless regime, MHD Stabilisation in high ? plasma, controllability of bootstrap current, good confinement of high energy particles

1999-02-08

 
 
 
 
21

Operational safety and reactor life improvements of Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent important experience in improving the operational safety and life of a reactor are described. The Kyoto University Reactor (KUR) is a 25-year-old 5 MW light water reactor provided with two thermal columns of graphite and heavy water as well as other kinds of experimental facilities. In the graphite thermal column, noticeable amounts of neutron irradiation effects had accumulated in the graphite blocks near the core. Before the possible release of the stored energy, all the graphite blocks in the column were successfully replaced with new blocks using the opportunity provided by the installation of a liquid deuterium cold neutron source in the column. At the same time, special seal mechanisms were provided for essential improvements to the problem of radioactive argon production in the column. In the heavy-water thermal column we have accomplished the successful repair of a slow leak of heavy water through a thin instrumentation tube failure. The repair work included the removal and reconstructions of the lead and graphite shielding layers and welding of the instrumentation tube under radiation fields. Several mechanical components in the reactor cooling system were also exchanged for new components with improved designs and materials. On-line data logging of almost all instrumentation signals is continuously performed with a high speed data analysis system to diagnose operational conditions of the reactor. Furthermore, through detailed investigations on critical components, operational safety during further extended reactor life will be supported by well scheduled maintenance programs

1990-03-01

22

Toroidal machine for RF heating in Kyoto University, WT-3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research on high frequency heating and current driving has achieved the rapid development, as the former investigates into the heating of core plasma, and the latter into the feasibility of steady tokamak reactors. In order to make the pioneering and synthetic basic studies on the wave phenomena in high temperature plasma and others, a toroidal machine for the RF heating of plasma, WT-3, is installed in Kyoto University. In this report, the outline of the WT-3, the objective and the subjects of the research are described. By 1990, it is expected to realize the critical plasma in the large scale tokamaks of magnetic field holding type. In the research on plasma heating, neutral beam injection heating and RF heating accomplished remarkable results. The authors have studied on electron cyclotron heating and low region hybrid heating, and successfully formed tokamak plasma by raising plasma current with only high frequency power. It is an important subject to investigate into the feasibility of applying RF heating and current driving to core plasma by advancing the physical research and technical development. (Kako, I.)

1985-01-01

23

Some experiences of upgrading research reactor performance for effective utilization in Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute (KURRI), the heavy water facility of the Kyoto University research Reactor (KUR) was remodeled in order to upgrade the performance of Neutron Capture Therapy (NCT) in the fiscal year 1995. A new materials irradiation facility was installed in the KUR during fiscal year 1996-1998. These facilities have been used effectively to promote the joint use program among Japanese universities. (author)

2006-03-01

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PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ON RHIC SPIN PHYSICS III AND IV, POLARIZED PARTONS AT HIGH Q2 REGION, AUGUST 3, 2000 AT BNL, OCTOBER 14, 2000 AT KYOTO UNIVERSITY.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

International workshop on II Polarized Partons at High Q2 region 11 was held at the Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan on October 13-14, 2000, as a satellite of the international conference ''SPIN 2000'' (Osaka, Japan, October 16-21,2000). This workshop was supported by RIKEN (The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) and by Yukawa Institute. The scientific program was focused on the upcoming polarized collider RHIC. The workshop was also an annual meeting of RHIC Spin Collaboration (RSC). The number of participants was 55, including 28 foreign visitors and 8 foreign-resident Japanese participants, reflecting the international nature of the RHIC spin program. At the workshop there were 25 oral presentations in four sessions, (1) RHIC Spin Commissioning, (2) Polarized Partons, Present and Future, (3) New Ideas on Polarization Phenomena, (4) Strategy for the Coming Spin Running. In (1) the successful polarized proton commissioning and the readiness of the accelerator for the physics program impressed us. In (2) and (3) active discussions were made on the new structure function to be firstly measured at RHIC, and several new theoretical ideas were presented. In session (4) we have established a plan for the beam time requirement toward the first collision of polarized protons. These proceedings include the transparencies presented at the workshop. The discussion on ''Strategy for the Coming Spin Running'' was summarized by the chairman of the session, S. Vigdor and G. Bunce.

BUNCE, G.; VIGDOR, S.

2001-03-15

25

Management of radioactive liquid and solid wastes at the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, (3)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this report, the management of radioactive liquid and solid wastes at the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University during past 6 years, from April in 1971 to March in 1977 are reviewed. (auth.)

1977-01-01

26

Annual report of Radiation Laboratory Department of Nuclear Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This publication is the collection of the papers presented research activities of Radiation laboratory, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyoto University during the 1992 academic/fiscal year (April, 1992 - March, 1993). The 48 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

1993-01-01

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Annual report of Radiation Laboratory Department of Nuclear Engineering Kyoto University for fiscal 1993  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This publication is the collection of the papers presented research activities of Radiation Laboratory, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyoto University during the 1993 academic/fiscal year (April, 1993 - March, 1994). The 47 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

1994-01-01

28

Data base of reactor physics experimental results in Kyoto University critical assembly experimental facilities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto University critical assembly experimental facilities belong to the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, and are the versatile critical assembly constructed for experimentally studying reactor physics and reactor engineering. The facilities are those for common utilization by universities in whole Japan. During more than ten years since the initial criticality in 1974, various experiments on reactor physics and reactor engineering have been carried out using many experimental facilities such as two solidmoderated cores, a light water-moderated core and a neutron generator. The kinds of the experiment carried out were diverse, and to find out the required data from them is very troublesome, accordingly it has become necessary to make a data base which can be processed by a computer with the data accumulated during the past more than ten years. The outline of the data base, the data base CAEX using personal computers, the data base supported by a large computer and so on are reported. (Kako, I.)

1986-02-01

29

Present status of Kyoto University reactor research result data base KURRIP  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The construction of KURRIP data base was begun in 1982, and in 1983, the data base concerning the literatures published in five years from 1978 to 1982 was set up in the Kyoto University Large Computer Center, and it has become available generally. In fiscal year 1984, the data concerning the literatures published from 1974 to 1977 and in 1983 were added. Moreover in this fiscal year, the work is carried out to input the data concerning the literatures published from 1970 to 1973 and in 1984. The data retrievable at present are those for ten years from 1974 to 1983. The results of having retrieved these data about a number of items are reported in this paper. The classification according to the places of employment of authors, the classification according to the kinds of literatures, the classification according to the languages used, the classification according to the installations used, the classification according to the fields of research, and the classification according to the magazines which printed the data are reported. (Kako, I.)

1986-02-01

30

Kyoto University contribution on tokamaks - RF heating and current drive on WT-2 tokamak  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the WT-2 tokamak at Kyoto University, lower hybrid and electron cyclotron waves have been applied separately or in combination to initiate or to maintain a toroidal plasma current, and a tokamak plasma was formed by RF only without OH power. Electron cyclotron waves have also been applied to suppress an anisotropy-driven instability that appears in plasmas with LH-driven current. (author)

1985-09-01

31

Measurement and analysis of gamma-ray distributions in Kyoto University Critical Assembly, KUCA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Gamma-ray distributions in an undermoderated core of the Kyoto University Critical Assembly, KUCA-B, were measured with four thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLDs), magnesium, strontium and barium orthosilicate (Mg_2SiO_4 (Tb), Sr_2SiO_4(Tb) and Ba_2SiO_4(Tb)); and calcium sulfate (CaSO_4(Tm)). In advance of the measurements, the response of these TLDs to gamma-rays was calibrated with a "6"0Co source and that of Mg_2SiO_4(Tb) to neutrons was tested. The neutron and gamma-ray flux distributions in the core of KUCA were simultaneously calculated by a transport code ANISN-JR, using a combined cross section set generated by RADHEAT-V3. The distribution of the gamma-rays from fission products was independently calculated. In order to obtain the absorbed dose of each TLD, the following three components were summed up: (1) prompt gamma-rays, (2) fission product gamma-rays and (3) neutrons. All data were normalized by the reaction rate of "5"8Ni(n,p) "5"8Co at the core center. In general, the absolute values and the shape of the absorbed dose distribution measured with the four TLDs agree with the calculated ones very well. However, the measured values in the reflector region with Sr_2SiO_4(Tb), Ba_2SiO_4(Tb) and CaSO_4(Tm) are considerably larger than the calculated results

1993-09-03

32

Heavy-ion microbeam system for cell irradiation at Kyoto University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We have developed a heavy-ion microbeam system for cell irradiation that uses an 8-MV tandem Van de Graaff accelerator at Kyoto University. Using a pair of apertures as the final collimator, microbeams of carbon, fluorine, and silicon were extracted to the atmosphere with few background particles. We used a thin transmission scintillator and a photomultiplier detector to accurately measure the number of extracted particles. To examine beam spreading, the beam profile was measured by observing tracks of an irradiated CR-39 track detector. The two disks with holes which were added to the collimating apertures reduced background radiation due to secondary X-rays and electrons from the apertures.

Nakamura, M., E-mail: nakamura@wakayama-med.ac.jp [School of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, Mikazura, Wakayama 641-0011 (Japan); Imai, K.; Hirose, M.; Matsumoto, H. [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Tosaki, M.; Ohsawa, D. [Radioisotope Research Center, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Makino, S. [School of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, Mikazura, Wakayama 641-0011 (Japan)

2011-12-15

33

Alteration in reactor installation (research reactor) of Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University (report)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A report by the Nuclear Safety Commission to Prime Minister, concerning the alteration in reactor installation in Kyoto University's Research Reactor Institute, is presented; the personnel technical capabilities and safety after the alteration are confirmed by NSC. Safety examination made by NSC's Committee on Examination of Reactor Safety on the alteration is described. Alteration is as follows. (1) The existing graphite thermal neutron facility is remodeled and replaced by a cold neutron source facility (confirmation on adequacy of the design). (2) A spent fuel storage room for the research reactor is additionally installed (confirmation on adequacy of the design). (Mori, K.)

1985-01-01

34

Heavy-ion microbeam system for cell irradiation at Kyoto University  

Science.gov (United States)

We have developed a heavy-ion microbeam system for cell irradiation that uses an 8-MV tandem Van de Graaff accelerator at Kyoto University. Using a pair of apertures as the final collimator, microbeams of carbon, fluorine, and silicon were extracted to the atmosphere with few background particles. We used a thin transmission scintillator and a photomultiplier detector to accurately measure the number of extracted particles. To examine beam spreading, the beam profile was measured by observing tracks of an irradiated CR-39 track detector. The two disks with holes which were added to the collimating apertures reduced background radiation due to secondary X-rays and electrons from the apertures.

Nakamura, M.; Imai, K.; Hirose, M.; Matsumoto, H.; Tosaki, M.; Ohsawa, D.; Makino, S.

2011-12-01

35

A helium-jet type ISOL at the Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A He-jet type ISOL was constructed and installed at the Kyoto University Reactor as a test apparaturs of the ISOL for a planned new high flux reactor. The results of the test experiments on the performances of the He-jet rapid transport system, ion sources and mass analyzing system are presented together with the construction details. Nuclear spectroscopic studies are now being performed on short-lived alkali elements down to 0.38 s "9"5Rb which are obtained with sufficient intensities. (orig.)

1981-07-01

36

Summary reports of activities under visiting research program in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, 1988  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Technical Report of Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, is published on occasion summarizing in the form of prompt report the results of the functional test on various experimental facilities, the test results of the articles made for trial, the circumstance of radiation control and waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the remarkable results obtained amid research, new method, the discussion on other papers and reports and others. In this report, 40 summaries of the Visiting Research Projects utilizing the KUR and 13 summaries of those utilizing the KUCA in 1988, and 2 unreported summaries before 1988 are collected. In each summary, the number of adoption, title, the names of reporters and the gist of report are given. (K.I.)

37

Some observations using meteorological balloons at the Kyoto University Reactor site  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Some observations were carried out using constant volume balloons, free and captive balloons carrying a special type of radiosonde in warm period of 1973 and 1974 at the Kyoto University Reactor site. Significant results obtained are as follows: (1) Trajectories of constant volume balloons are meandering significantly both horizontally and vertically over hilly terrain in the daytime, dissimilar to streamline flow along topographic profile. (2) Air layer of almost neutral stability observed in the lowest few hundred meters of the atmosphere in the daytime becomes shallower in the afternoon than in the morning, over which air layer having subadiabatic lapse rate exists. (3) Well-defined inversion is observed in the lowest few tens of meters layer, which grows more marked with southerly surface wind. These results may give some of basic data to the diffusion climatological research for the site. (auth.)

1975-01-01

38

Conceptional study of remodeling of the heavy water facility of the Kyoto University reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The heavy water facility of the Kyoto University reactor is required to be remodelled in order to improve the safety of the whole facility. The main objectives of the remodeling are: 1) easy maintenance, 2) no leakage of heavy water or light water for cooling of the heavy water tank, and 3) to enable medical irradiation during continuous operation of the reactor. Improvement of the performance as a thermal neutron irradiation field is also intended. The outline of the present heavy water thermal neutron facility is described, and conceptional study of the remodeling is presented. A shutter system enabling the use during continuous operation is mentioned. The method and procedure of the remodeling is examined and outlined. (T.H.)

1994-06-01

39

Construction of 100 MeV electron linac in Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An electron linear accelerator and a compact storage ring have been constructed at Kyoto University. The beam energy of the storage ring is 300 MeV and will be utilized as a synchrotron radiation source. The output beam energy of the linac is 100 MeV and the designed beam current is 100 mA at the pulse width of 1 ?sec. The construction of the linac had been finished and the test is under going. The electron beam of 300 mA is extracted from the electron gun and the peak RF power of 20 MW is successfully fed to the accelerating structures at the pulse width of 2 ?sec. (author)

1995-10-01

40

Developments in cold and ultracold neutron research and the utility of Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Several examples of researches on cold and ultracold neutrons carried out in these 30 years in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University are introduced, and some investigations are tried on the relations of these researches with those in the pioneering countries in these research fields, such as Western Europe, United States and Russia. Further, several common factors which played important roles in promoting these research activities are briefly discussed. The researches described here are neutron wave propagation, neutron optics and neutron guide tube developments, neutron scattering model analyses on liquid hydrogen and deuterium, cold and very cold neutron sources, supermirror developments and a supermirror turbine as its applied apparatus, and finally ultracold neutron bottle experiments. (author)

1995-02-01

 
 
 
 
41

Reactor physics group constants for the C-core of the Kyoto University critical assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To facilitate theoretical analyses of Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA), reactor physics group constants were prepared. In this report we describe the procedures of the preparation, and verify the feasibility of the resulting constants through criticality calculations. For this purpose we first use computer code ''UGMG-42'' for fast group constant production, and ''THERMOS'' for thermal group constant production. With these constants as inputs, criticality calculation is carried out by a two-dimensional code ''EQUIPOISE-3''. The difference between the criticality calculation and experiment proves to be in the range 1.0 -- 1.5%. In addition, comparison is made between the theoretical prediction and measured values of temperature coefficient, which is one of the fundamental characteristics of the Assembly. The calculation, which is performed with a one-dimensional code ''EXPANDA-25-IMPORT,'' reproduces successfully the experimental lattice-pitch dependence of this quantity. (author)

1980-01-01

42

Earthquake and micro-tremor observation in the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report mainly provides the earthquake propagation characteristics in soil deposits derived from the observation of earthquakes in the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. The observation of earthquake has been carried out at several locations on the surface grounds, rock outcropping and in the reactor building from about three years ago. Up to the present, fifty four earthquakes were observed. The analysis of earthquake response in soil deposits was performed with the application of the one-dimensional wave propagation method (computer code, SHAKE). Besides, the observation of micro-tremors was carried out at the same points to find the relationship between the predominant period of earthquake motion and that of micro-tremors. Several results are summarized as follows. (author)

1985-01-01

43

Batan-2diff and -3diff diffusion codes validation on Kyoto University critical assembly (KUCA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Validation of Batan's standard multidimensional, multigroup diffusion code, Batan-2diff and -3diff, on the C-type cores (uranium fueled and water moderated) of the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) have been successfully conducted. Three kinds of fuel assemblies of different pitch dimensions, i.e. C30, C35 and C45 were used to assemblies ten core configurations (three, four, and three core configurations used C30, C35 and C45 fuel assemblies, respectively). Four neutron energy group cross section sets for the diffusion calculations were generated by WIMS/D4 cell calculation code. For all core configurations considered, the keff values calculated by Batan-2diff and -3diff codes with WIMS/D4 library were very close to the experimental values and had maximum deviation from the experimental keff of 2.65% and 2.38%, respectively, which proved the validation of the codes. (author)

1998-01-01

44

Research on reactor physics using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) was constructed for the purpose of carrying out the basic research on the nuclear characteristics of reactors, the research for development, and education and training, and it is the research facilities used by the universities in whole Japan in common. As the initial concrete objective of use, the basic research on high neutron flux reactors, the basic research on intermediate neutron reactors, the basic research on tritium breeder reactors, the research as the extension of subcritical experiment, the education and training of the students majoring in atomic energy and so on were listed. This experimental facilities are the type with plural racks, which are rare in the world, and are composed of two solid moderator racks, on light water moderator rack and one additional accelerator. The initial criticality was attained in 1974. The critical assembly special research group has played extremely large role in the research on reactor physics. The research on reactor physics at KUCA, for example tritium breeder reactors and tight lattice reactors, the research on criticality safety and so on are reported. (K.I.)

1988-07-01

45

Research on the reactor physics using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto University Critical Assembly [KUCA] is a multi-core type critical assembly established in 1974, as a facility for the joint use study by researchers of all universities in Japan. Thereafter, many reactor physics experiments have been carried out using three cores (A-, B-, and C-cores) in the KUCA. In the A- and B-cores, solid moderator such as polyethylene or graphite is used, whereas light-water is utilized as moderator in the C-core. The A-core has been employed mainly in connection with the Cockcroft-Walton type accelerator installed in the KUCA, to measure (1) the subcriticality by the pulsed neutron technique for the critical safety research and (2) the neutron spectrum by the time-of-flight technique. Recently, a basic study on the tight lattice core has also launched using the A-core. The B-core has been employed for the research on the thorium fuel cycle ever since. The C-core has been employed (1) for the basic studies on the nuclear characteristics of light-water moderated high-flux research reactors, including coupled-cores, and (2) for a research related to reducing enrichment of uranium fuel used in research reactors. The C-core is being utilized in the reactor laboratory course experiment for students of ten universities in Japan. The data base of the KUCA critical experiments is generated so far on the basis of approximately 350 experimental reports accumulated in the KUCA. Besides, the assessed KUCA code system has been established through analyses on the various KUCA experiments. In addition to the KUCA itself, both of them are provided for the joint use study by researchers of all universities in Japan. (author)

1986-01-01

46

Present status of tandem accelerator in Department of Science, Kyoto University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 8UDH tandem accelerator in Department of Science, Kyoto University, has been utilized for six and a half years since the start, and at present, the joint utilization in the first half of fiscal year 1996 is carried out. Also in this year, experiment is carried out by limiting terminal voltage to below 7 MV for general users. Accelerator Group is developing by placing emphasis on a nuclear physics project PIS and an interdisciplinary project AMS, subsequently to the last fiscal year. The terminal voltage and the time of operation of pellet chains in the operation from October, 1995 to July, 1996 are shown. The course of the improvement, troubles and the repair from July, 1995 to June, 1996 is reported. The countermeasures to the damage of column tension rods did not end, and the new parts will be attached in coming autumn. Two large and four small chain tension pulleys were replaced. The surfaces of nylon rods were scratched and repaired. The belts driving the SF6 gas blower have been exchanged every about 8000 hours operation. A maniford was attached to the ion source for mixing gases. As the utilization from October 1995 to March 1996, 23 subjects for 83 days were adopted, and from April to October, 1996, the subjects for 65 days were adopted. (K.I.)

Takahashi, Seiji; Nakamura, Masanobu; Murakami, Tetsuya; Osoi, Yu; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Hirose, Masanori; Takimoto, Kiyohiko; Sakaguchi, Harutaka; Imai, Kenichi [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics

1996-12-01

47

Analysis of critical experiments using medium-enriched-uranium fuel in Kyoto University critical assembly (KUCA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The critical experiments using medium-enriched-uranium (MEU) fuel in the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA), a light-water-moderated and heavy-water-reflected cylindrical core, were started in May 1981, as a part of the international Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors (RERTR) program. The following KUCA critical experiments were analyzed: (1) the criticality measurements for high-enriched-uranium (HEU) and MEU cores and (2) the reactivity effect measurements of boron burnable-poison (BP) for MEU cores. Five-group constants were generated using the EPRI-CELL code, and two-dimensional diffusion calculations were performed using a conventional finite-difference code DIF3D(2D), and a finite-element code 2D-FEM-KUR. Some of the results from the two diffusion codes were compared with each other. Advantage was taken of the finite-element method for the application of the 2D-FEM-KUR code to a detailed analysis of the BP effect measurements. Differences between the results of calculations and experiments were less than 1.8 % in C/E ratios for eigenvalues. The agreement between the results obtained using the DIF3D(2D) code and the 2D-FEM-KUR code was excellent. The calculated results of the BP effects with use of the 2D-FEM-KUR code approximately agreed with the experiments. (author)

1985-01-01

48

Study on high frame-rate neutron radiography by using Kyoto University Research Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The feasibility of high frame-rate neutron radiography by using a steady thermal neutron beam with 1.2 x 10"6 n/(cm"2s) generated from the Kyoto University Research Reactor was investigated and the application of this technique to fluid visualization was examined. The imaging system for the high frame-rate neutron radiography with the steady thermal neutron beam was constructed by combining a high sensitivity scintillator "6LiF/ZnS:Ag, a high-speed video which could take images with the light intensity of 1.5 lux at the recording speed of 1000 frames/s and an image booster whose gain was about 100. Visualization of air-water two-phase flows in a rectangular duct with 2.4 mm gap and 40 mm width were successfully performed with the steady thermal neutron beam and this imaging system at the recording speed of up to 500 frames/s. In view of the measurement error of neutrons, limit of the high frame-rate imaging was clarified. It was shown from this study that the high frame-rate neutron radiography by the steady neutron flux on the order of 10"6 n/(cm"2s) has a good possibility. (author)

1995-02-01

49

Tentative set of group constants for C-core of Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A tentative set of group constants is presented for the C-core of the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA), which is light-water moderated, and which can furnish loadings of three different pitches (2.96, 3.49 and 4.54 mm). The fast group constants were prepared by the familiar computer code ''UGMG-42'', which employs continuous slowing-down model; thermal group constants by ''THERMOS''. Special care has been taken so that the buckling as input data of UGMG is chosen consistently with the leakage in the stage of criticality calculation. With the resulting constants as input, criticality calculation is carried out by a two-dimensional code ''EQUIPOISE-3''. The difference between criticality calculation and experiment proves to be 0.7 -- 2.2%. The effect of diffusion constant on neutron flux is examined by intentionally giving different values of this quantity. In view of the considerable effect, it is concluded that the procedures of producing the thermal diffusion constant for the core has to be further investigated. The exponential attenuation constant of fast neutron flux in the reflector has to be incorporated adequately in future in the fast constant preparation. (author)

1980-01-01

50

Reactor Physics Experiments by Korean Under-Graduate Students in Kyoto University Critical Assembly Program (KUGSiKUCA Program)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Reactor Laboratory Course for Korean Under-Graduate Students in Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUGSiKUCA) program has been launched from 2003, as one of international collaboration programs of Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute (KURRI). This program was suggested by Department of Nuclear Engineering, College of Advanced Technology, Kyunghee University (KHU), and was adopted by Ministry of Science and Technology of Korean Government as one of among Nuclear Human Resources Education and Training Programs. On the basis of her suggestion for KURRI, memorandum for academic corporation and exchange between KHU and KURRI was concluded on July 2003. The program has been based on the background that it is extremely difficult for any single university in Korea to have her own research or training reactor. Up to this 2006, total number of 61 Korean under-graduate school students, who have majored in nuclear engineering of Kyunghee University, Hanyang University, Seoul National University, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Chosun University and Cheju National University in all over the Korea, has taken part in this program. In all the period, two professors and one teaching assistant on the Korean side led the students and helped their successful experiments, reports and discussions. Due to their effort, the program has succeeded in giving an effective and unique course, taking advantage of their collaboration

2006-11-02

51

A survey of attitudes toward clinical research among physicians at Kyoto University Hospital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Japan, only clinical research related to investigational new drug trials must be notified to regulatory bodies, and this lack of a uniform standard for clinical research has caused a number of difficulties. The objective of this study was to assess the willingness of physicians to participate in clinical research and to identify effective methods to promote and enhance clinical research. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey by administrating questionnaires to physicians in 31 departments in Kyoto University Hospital from October through November 2007. Results A total of 51.5% (310 of 602 of physicians completed the questionnaire. More than two-thirds of them reported currently participating in clinical research, and nearly all believed that clinical research is necessary for physicians. Less than 20% of respondents had specific training regarding clinical research, and most reported a need to acquire concepts and skills regarding clinical research, especially those related to statistics. "Paperwork was complicated and onerous" was the most frequently cited obstacle in conducting clinical research, followed by "few eligible patients" and "lack of time". Previous participation in and prospective participation in clinical research, previous writing a research protocol were positively associated with current participation in clinical research. Conclusions Physicians in university hospitals need more training regarding clinical research, particularly in biostatistics. They also require administrative assistance. Our findings indicate that the quality of clinical research could be improved if training in clinical research methodology and biostatistics were provided, and if greater assistance in the preparation of study documents requested by the institutional Independent Ethics Committee were available.

Yokode Masayuki

2009-12-01

52

A design study on hyper-thermal neutron irradiation field for neutron capture therapy at Kyoto University Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A study about the installation of a hyper-thermal neutron converter to a clinical collimator was performed, as a series of the design study on a hyper-thermal neutron irradiation field at the Heavy Water Neutron Irradiation Facility of Kyoto University Reactor. From the parametric-surveys by Monte Carlo calculation, it was confirmed that the practical irradiation field of hyper-thermal neutrons would be feasible by the modifications of the clinical collimator and the bismuth-layer structure. (author)

2000-10-01

53

Characteristics of neutron irradiation facility and dose estimation method for neutron capture therapy at Kyoto University research reactor institute  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The neutron irradiation characteristics of the Heavy Water Neutron Irradiation Facility (HWNIF) at the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute (KIJRRI) for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), is described. The present method of dose measurement and its evaluation at the KURRI, is explained. Especially, the special feature and noticeable matters were expounded for the BNCT with craniotomy, which has been applied at present only in Japan. (author)

2001-05-01

54

Report of research by common utilization in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, in first half of fiscal 1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the technical report, the data required for research and experiment, such as the result of functional test of various experimental facilities, the test results of the products manufactured for trial, the state of radiation control and waste treatment, and the reports of study meetings, or the remarkable results and new methods obtained in research, and the discussion on other papers and reports in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, are summarized as prompt report. The subject, reporters and synopsis of 54 papers are reported in this publication. (Kako, I.)

1982-01-01

55

Report of research by common utilization in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, in latter half of fiscal 1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the technical report, the data required for research and experiment, such as the result of functional test of various experimental facilities, the test results of the products manufactured for trial, the state of radiation control and waste treatment, and the reports of study meetings, or the remarkable results and new methods obtained in research and the discussion on other papers and reports in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, are summarized as prompt report. The subject, reporters and synopsis of 69 papers are reported in this publication. (Kako, I.)

1982-01-01

56

Report of researches by common utilization of facilities in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, first half of fiscal year 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The technical report of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is published any time to immediately report on the results of the functional tests of various experimental facilities, the test results for the products made for trial, radiation control, the situation of waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the conspicuous results obtained amid researches, new processes, and the discussion on other papers and reports. In this report, the title, the names of reporters and the summary of 57 researches carried out by the common utilization of the facilities in the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute are collected. The themes of the researches are such as neutron radiography using a research reactor, measurement of Zr/Hf ratio in zirconium, interstitial germanium atoms in thermal neutron irradiation study, measurement of induced radioactivity due to neutrons in Nagasaki and Hiroshima atomic bombings, properties of semiconductor electrons in radiation study, induction of mutation in crops by neutron irradiation and utilization for breeding, thermal fluorescence mechanism of alkali halide and MgO single crystals, atomic configuration in PZT rhombohedron phase, modulated structure of Cu-Co alloys, excitation of nuclei by positron annihilation and others. (Kako, I.)

1983-01-01

57

Report of researches by common utilization of facilities in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, latter half of fiscal year 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The technical report of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is published any time to immediately report on the results of the functional tests of various experimental facilities, the test results for the products made for trial, radiation control, the situation of waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the conspicuous results obtained amid researches, new processes, and the discussion on other papers and reports. In this report, the title, the names of reporters and the summary of 61 researches carried out by the common utilization of the facilities in the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute are collected. The themes of the researches are such as radioactivation analysis of trace elements in rocks and minerals, anodic oxidation films of GaAs and structure, measurement of yield of uranium isotopes produced by reactor neutron irradiation of thorium, geochemical study of trace elements in hydrosphere by radio-activation analysis, various diseases and variation of elements in rat furs, Moessbauer spectroscopic study of gold compounds with singular coupling by Au-197, measurement of grass-eating quantity and rate of digestion of cows using Au and Eu, sickness biochemical study of trace elements in hair samples of patients and others. (Kako, I.)

1983-01-01

58

Report of researches by common utilization of facilities in Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, first half of fiscal year 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The technical report of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute is published any time to immediately report on the results of the functional tests of various experimental facilities, the test results for the products made for trial, radiation control, the situation of waste treatment, the data required for research and experiment such as the reports of study meetings, the conspicuous results obtained amid researches, new processes, and the discussion on other papers and reports. In this report, the title, the names of reporters and the summary of 47 researches carried out by the common utilization of the facilities in the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute are collected. The themes of the researches are such as diffusion of impurities ion-implanted in silicon into natural oxide films, origin of igneous rocks by trace element distribution study, element distribution in black ore and its accompanying rocks and origin of black ore, reprocessing of molten salt fuel of thorium group, forerunning martensite transformation of Fe-Pt invar alloy, change of nucleic acid component to recoil tritium at cryogenic temperature, gamma irradiation effect of KC1 containing Pb2+, radiation effect on cadmium halide crystals and impurity metallic ions and others. (Kako, I.)

1983-01-01

59

Reactor laboratory course for Korean under-graduate students in Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUGSiKUCA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Reactor Laboratory Course for Korean Under-Graduate Students has been carried out at Kyoto University Critical Assembly of Japan. This course has been launched from fiscal year 2003 and has been founded by Ministry of Science and Technology of Korean Government. Since then, the total number of 43 Korean under-graduate students, who have majored in nuclear engineering of 6 universities in all over the Korea, has been taken part in this course. The reactor physics experiments have been performed in this course, such as Approach to criticality, Control rod calibration, Measurement of neutron flux and power calibration, and Educational reactor operation. As technical tour of Japan, nuclear site tour has been taken during their stay in Japan, such as PWR, FBR, nuclear fuel company and some institutes

2005-04-11

60

KYOTO project  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

El proyecto Kyoto construye un sistema de información independiente del lenguaje para un dominio específico (medio ambiente, ecología y diversidad) basado en una ontología independiente del lenguaje que estará enlazada a Wordnets en siete idiomas.

Agirre Bengoa, Eneko; Casillas Rubio, Arantza; Di?az Ilarraza Sa?nchez, Arantza; Estarrona Ibarloza, Ainara; Ferna?ndez Terrones, Enrique; Gojenola Galletebeitia, Koldobika; Laparra Marti?n, Egoitz; Rigau Claramunt, German; Soroa Etxabe, Aitor

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Performance of the 100 MeV injector linac for the electron storage ring at Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An electron linear accelerator has been constructed as an injector of a 300 MeV electron storage ring (Kaken Storage Ring, KSR) at Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University. The output beam energy of the linac is 100 MeV and the designed beam current is 100 mA at the 1 ?sec long pulse mode. The transverse and longitudinal emittance are measured to evaluate the beam quality for the beam injection into the KSR. They are observed by the profile monitors combined with quadrupole magnets or an RF accelerator. The results are that the normalized transverse emittance is 120 ?.mm.mrad. The longitudinal emittance is 15 ?.deg.MeV and the energy spread is ±2.2 %. (author)

1996-11-15

62

Criticality analysis of highly enriched uranium fueled, polyethylene-moderated/reflected thermal spectrum cores of Kyoto University critical assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper provides the results of criticality analysis of highly enriched uranium fueled, polyethylene-moderated/reflected thermal spectrum cores performed at the solid moderated cores of Kyoto University Critical Assembly. Results of critical experiments with wide variety of neutron spectra as well as different effective uranium enrichment have been used in the analysis. Criticality analyses have been performed by MVP code using libraries based on JENDL-3.2 and JENDL-3.3. The C/E values for criticality (k-effective) have been significantly improved by use of JENDL-3.3. It was observed that the C/E values based on JENDL-3.3 still show some notable trends such as the C/E values for highly enriched systems are larger than those for systems with lower effective enrichment, and the C/E values tend to increase with H/235U ratio. (author)

2003-10-01

63

The remodelling outline of the neutron irradiation facility of the Kyoto University research reactor mainly for neutron capture therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Heavy Water Thermal Neutron Facility of the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR, full power: 5 MW) was wholly updated in March 1996 mainly for neutron capture therapy (NCT). The performance as a neutron irradiation facility was improved using the epithermal neutron moderator of the aluminum-heavy water mixture (AI/D_20=80/20 in volume percent), the neutron energy spectrum shifter of heavy water whose thickness changed from 0 cm to 60 cm, and the thermal neutron filters of 1 mm-thick cadmium and 6.4 mm-thick boral plates. The clinical irradiation utilisation under the full-power continuous KUR operation was realised employing both the Radiation Shielding System, and the Remote Carrying System for a patient. The safety and utility of the facility were improved due to the Safety Observation System. The KUR Advanced Irradiation System for NCT was organised. (author)

2001-05-01

64

Application of heavy-ion microbeam system at Kyoto University: Energy response for imaging plate by single ion irradiation  

Science.gov (United States)

A heavy-ion microbeam system for cell irradiation has been developed using an accelerator at Kyoto University. We have successfully developed proton-, carbon-, fluorine- and silicon-beams in order to irradiate a micro-meter sized area with ion counting, especially single ion irradiation. In the heavy-ion microbeam system, an imaging plate (IP) was utilized for beam diagnostics on the irradiation. The IP is widely used for radiography studies in biology. However, there are a few studies on the low linear energy transfer (LET) by single ions, i.e., low-intensity exposure. Thus we have investigated the energy response for the IP, which can be utilized for microbeam diagnostics.

Tosaki, M.; Nakamura, M.; Hirose, M.; Matsumoto, H.

2011-12-01

65

Saint Louis University Earthquake Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The Saint Louis University (SLU) Earthquake Center provides recent Midwest earthquake locations, the history of central U.S. earthquakes, a link for reporting an earthquake, historic earthquake and instrument photographs, and explanations of the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale. There are earthquake information flyers, links to course websites and course notes, a textbook description, computer tools and earthquake catalogs, and recent theses and dissertations. There are also links to seismic systems and networks as well as SLU network reports.

66

Summary reports of activities under visiting research program in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, first half of 1989  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This book contains 56 brief reports of studies carried out at the Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University. These reports deal with 'Neutron Transmutation Doping on Compound Semiconductor', 'Study on the Influence of the Neutron Irradiation on the Low Temperature Strength of Various Welded Joint of Dissimilar Materials', 'Low Temperature Irradiation Effect on Iron-Alloys and Ceramics', 'Luminescent Phenomena from Some Kinds of Rock and Mineral Slices Accompanied with Gamma-irradiation', 'Study of Irradiation Effects on Simulated Waste Glass Irradiated Using "1"0B(n,?)"7Li Reaction', 'Neutron Spectrometry with CR-39 Track Detector', 'Performance Study on Superconducting Magnet Materials in Thermonuclear Fusion Conditions', 'Fast Neutron Radiography with KUR-Linac', 'Study of Photo-Excited Metastable State and Their Relaxation of Irradiation Defects in Silicon and Diamond by Using a SQUID Magnetometer', 'Moessbauer Study on Radiation Damage of Metals and Alloys', 'Radiation Damages in Super Ionic Conductors', 'Basic Study on "7"4As Production by (?,n) Reaction', etc. (N.K.)

1989-01-01

67

Experimental analyses of spallation neutrons generated by 100 MeV protons at the Kyoto University critical assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neutron spectrum analyses of spallation neutrons are conducted in the accelerator-driven system (ADS) facility at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). High-energy protons (100 MeV) obtained from the fixed field alternating gradient accelerator are injected onto a tungsten target, whereby the spallation neutrons are generated. For neutronic characteristics of spallation neutrons, the reaction rates and the continuous energy distribution of spallation neutrons are measured by the foil activation method and by an organic liquid scintillator, respectively. Numerical calculations are executed by MCNPX with JENDL/HE-2007 and ENDF/B-VI libraries to evaluate the reaction rates of activation foils (bismuth and indium) set at the target and the continuous energy distribution of spallation neutrons set in front of the target. For the reaction rates by the foil activation method, the C/E values between the experiments and the calculations are found around a relative difference of 10%, except for some reactions. For continuous energy distribution by the organic liquid scintillator, the spallation neutrons are observed up to 45 MeV. From these results, the neutron spectrum information on the spallation neutrons generated at the target are attained successfully in injecting 100 MeV protons onto the tungsten target.

2013-02-01

68

Visit to the facility of tandem electrostatic accelerator of Kyoto university  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presented a document of the visit in the title and a brief description of the authors' cell irradiation experiment performed there. The accelerator was an 8 MV machine (8UDH pelletron) manufactured by National Electrostatics Corp, was laid laterally in the facility of the Faculty of Science of the University, and was to be moved to Kyushu University just after this visit. Various modifications and improvements of the machine had been conducted after the initial setup, and the document recorded those processes as well as the appearance and laboratory arrangement including the structure and property of the present macinery. Its vessel had a diameter 3 m x 13.6 m length and was filled with SF6 insulating gas at the maximal 6 kg/cm2, in which there existed the accelerator consisting from the pellet-chain conveyer and the cesium-beam sputter source (High Voltage Engineering Europa B.V.) for producing ions. Authors conducted the experiment for confirmation of sniping the 42 MeV heavy C6+ beam at a single cell, of the irradiated particle number and of visualization of yielded DNA double strand break (DSB). It was confirmed that 100 C ions had been irradiated to a cell present in a circle of the diameter 50 mc-m, which had given the evidence of DSB yield by immunocytochemistry. (T.T)

2012-02-01

69

Beta Cell Workshop 2013 Kyoto  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The very modern Kyoto International Conference Center provided the site for the 8th workshop on Beta cells on April 23-26, 2013. The preceding workshops were held in Boston, USA (1991); Kyoto, Japan (1994); Helsingør, Denmark (1997); Helsinki, Finland (2003); El Perello, Spain (2006); Peebles, Scotland (2009); and Helsingør, Denmark (2011). The Kyoto meeting drew more than 200 attendees from 18 different countries. There were 47 main oral presentations, and approximately 75 posters covered virtually all aspects of the pancreas function, development and genetics of disease. Here we will review some of the newest highlights.

Heller, R Scott; Madsen, Ole D

2013-01-01

70

Photovoltaic power generation field test project at the Yagi Town Disaster Prevention Center (Yagi town, Kyoto prefecture); Yagichoritsu bosai center taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo (Kyotofu Yagimachi)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

At the Yagi Town Disaster Prevention Center in Kyoto prefecture, a photovoltaic power system was installed in fiscal 1996 using the south slope of the building. The specifications are as follows: system capacity of 10kW, low pressure system interconnection type, independent operation function, storage battery, and back flow function. The array structure is 7 series, 7 paralells and 2 systems, the number of module is 98, the array angle is 26.6deg, and the azimuth is 22deg. The solar cell module is a polycrystal type, the operating temperature -40degC - +90degC, the cell size 10cm{sup 2}, and the cell series number 72. At irradiance of 1kW/m{sup 2} and element temperature of 25degC, the conversion efficiency is 12.6%, the optimum operating voltage 33.8V, the optimum operating current 3.20A, and the maximum output 108.2W. The system has an appearance which matches scenes of the streets because the idea was integrated into the design from the beginning. 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Nakagawa, Y. [Yagi Town Office, Kyoto (Japan)

1997-05-30

71

A report of the research works in joint use of Kyoto University's Research Reactor Institute for the period of October 1977 to March 1978  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the report of the results of each investigation performed in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, during the second half of fiscal year 1977. It includes 61 reports. It is briefly divided into 5 reports on radiation proper, 11 reports on biology and medicine and 45 reports on physics, chemistry and mineralogy. In the last 45 reports, 6 reports on material, 10 reports on activation analysis and 1 report on dating are included. Since each report is limited to the abstract of 1 page using the same format, details of the contents are not known. However, general trends of Investigations may be known. (Wakatsuki, Y.)

1978-01-01

72

Universes with and without a center  

CERN Multimedia

Two types of universe, with and without a center, are discussed; and their implications for the observed cmb (cosmic microwave background radiation) dipole are described. Theorems useful for understanding the cause for a cmb dipole are presented.

Tomozawa, Yukio

2011-01-01

73

Cornell University Life Sciences Core Laboratories Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Cornell University Life Sciences Core Laboratories Center (CLC) provides an array of genomics, proteomics, imaging and informatics shared research resources and services to the university community and to outside investigators. The CLC includes fee-for-service research, technology testing and development, and educational components. The Center has seven core facilities, including genomics (DNA sequencing, genotyping, and microarrays), epigenomics, proteomics and mass spectrometry, microsc...

2011-01-01

74

University of Cincinnati Medical Center: integrating information.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The University of Cincinnati Medical Center has combined five existing units into a new organization responsible for initiating an Integrated Academic Information Management System (IAIMS). This new organization, Medical Center Information and Communications, was reorganized into nine departments, which now provide a variety of information services. Ultimate goals for IAIMS include a patient-centered database, a decision-support system, and a knowledge network. The IAIMS prototype, currently ...

Lorenzi, N. M.; Marks, E. B.

1988-01-01

75

Increasing Counseling Center Utilization: Yeshiva University's Experience  

Science.gov (United States)

Yeshiva University established a counseling center during the 2004-2005 academic year. As a religiously based institution, the administration recognized that there would likely be significant impediments to utilization of on-campus mental health services as a result of negative attitudes about mental illness and its treatment--stigma. To combat…

Schwartz, Victor; Nissel, Chaim; Eisenberg, Daniel; Kay, Jerald; Brown, Joshua T.

2012-01-01

76

Measurements of 237Np/235U fission rate ratio in cores with various moderator-to-fuel volume ratios at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At the Kyoto University Critical Assembly, 237Np/235U fission rate ratios were measured by a back-to-back type double fission chamber to examine the nuclear data and the computational method for the transmutation of minor actinides in light water reactors. Neutron spectra of cores were systematically varied by changing moderator-to-fuel volume ratios. The measured data were compared with the calculated results by the SRAC code system on the basis of three different nuclear data for 237Np fission cross sections. It was indicated from the present result of comparison that the use of JENDL-3.2 is better than that of JENDL-3.1 or ENDF/B-VI. (author)

1997-01-01

77

The survey on the supporting ground on the construction site of High Flux Reactor Building in Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As part of the seismic design of the High Flux Reactor building which is planned to be constructed by Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, the stability of the supporting ground has been analyzed. This report concerns the ground survey which has been carried out to obtain the basic data on the supporting ground. The outline of the ground around the construction site of High Flux Reactor has been already made clear by the last survey. Therefore, the purpose of this ground survey is mainly to make clear the mechanical properties of the soil. The survey has been carried out concerning the supporting ground and several layers deeper than that. The main items obtained are as follows. (1) modulus of deformation (2) breaking strength and creep strength (3) coefficient of permeability (4) ground water level. (author)

1981-01-01

78

Analysis of integral experiment on erbia-loaded thermal spectrum cores using Kyoto University critical assembly by MCNP code with various cross section libraries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Under the project on high burnup nuclear fuel development using erbium as a burnable poison, a series of experiments were performed at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly. The experimental results have formed the basis for this study which aims to analyze the suitability of various evaluated nuclear data libraries for using them in neutronic calculations under the project. The MCNP code was used for the analysis. Calculation model geometry was fully detailed, and ENDF, JENDL, JEFF, and TENDL libraries were used during calculation. For the cross sections of erbium nuclides, the analysis revealed that calculated results upon all the libraries corresponded with experimental data within the errors. However, in some libraries, significant differences were found in case of carbon and uranium nuclides under certain conditions. (author)

2012-01-01

79

Kyoto university-Tohoku pioneer: Acetylene base containing phenol plastic is synthesized; Kyodai-tohoku paionia: asechiren ki gan'yu fuenoru jishi wo gosei  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As for the joint research group of the Shiro Kobayashi professor of Kyoto university graduate school engineering graduate course, the Hiroshi Uyama, assistant, and Tohoku pioneer, by using the reduction enzyme which is contained and which oxidizes, acetylene base, a new contained phenol plastic is synthesized, this It succeeded in the composition of amorphous carbon which has the structure that was made. This acetylene base containing phenol plastic can't be realized with the phenol plastic, which passed through the general polymeric process, that it oxidized. And, a polymeric lets me do acetylene base with being maintained. It is a new carbonization process in comparison with the usual thing. Specially, application as a high function electronic material can be expected because it can get the thing whose hygroscopicity is very poor as a paste material for the print circuit board and so on from being the polymers which has acetylene base. (translated by NEDO)

NONE

1999-07-30

80

The educational document of operation and management for Kyoto-University nuclear research reactor facility. Experience of operation and management for 40 years (No.1)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author has worked as an operator and a maintenance man in the research reactor and its auxiliary facilities of Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute (KURRI) for 40 years. For the purpose of future education of the members in research reactor division, I have arranged this report based on my past experience of 40 years. In this report, a lot of valuable experiences on the phenomena and the omens of accident, etc., which were happened beyond our imagination in the research reactor, are included. The management of a nuclear reactor facility always links with the radioactivity issues. Any small accident will cause a great social problem and influences the life of the people greatly. Therefore, we should be very prudent and should avoid making any mistakes in the operation and routine management. This report covers the information on the original research reactor construction, the first record of the critical stage of the research reactor, the first record of the achievement of 5 MW in nominal maximum power, as well as the phenomena beyond our imagination and the information on the radioactive leak accidents, etc., within the past 40 years. It takes me 40 years to obtain these experiences of operation and management. I am thinking that I should transfer these experiences to the younger generation. That is the reason I wrote this report. In order to change the high enriched uranium fuel assemblies into the low enriched uranium fuel assemblies, Kyoto University research Reactor (KUR) is under maintenance now. KUR will be re-started to operate in the coming future, if the maintenance and other preparation are completed smoothly. I will be very happy if this report can play some roles in the future research reactor operation and maintenances. (author)

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

The Russian Federation and the Kyoto Protocol  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This book brings together the results of two conferences: 'The Kyoto Protocol and beyond: A legal perspective', organised by the University of Siena on 10-11 June 2006, and 'Tackling Climate Change: An appraisal of the Kyoto Protocol and options for the future', held at the T.M.C. Asser Institute in The Hague on 30-31 March 2007. These conferences focused on the legal aspects of the Kyoto Protocol implementation and the post-2012 regime. Experts in European and international environmental law...

Douma, W. T.; Ratsiborinskaya, D.

2007-01-01

82

Measurement and Analysis of Capture Reaction Rate of 237Np in Various Thermal Neutron Fields by Critical Assembly and Heavy Water Thermal Neutron Facility of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Capture reaction rate ratios of 237Np relative to 197Au were measured in 11 thermal neutron fields provided by the Kyoto University Critical Assembly and the Kyoto University Reactor Heavy Water Neutron Irradiation Facility. In the measurement, both samples of 237Np and 197Au were irradiated at the same time, and their gamma activities were measured. The typical experimental error was 3.5%. The analysis was performed by three steps: full-core calculation, self-shielding correction of the sample, and perturbation correction of the sample. Three full-core calculations by a continuous-energy Monte Carlo code (MVP), a transport code (TWOTRAN), and a diffusion code (CITATION) were made with the JENDL-3.2 library. The self-shielding factors were derived by an analytical formula, and the perturbation factors were calculated by another MVP calculation. The reaction rates were derived by multiplying the neutron spectrum, the two correction factors, and the capture cross sections of 237Np and 197Au.As a result, the three full-core calculations provided almost the same neutron spectra at the sample position and gave almost the same calculated-to-experimental values (C/Es) for the capture reaction rate ratios of 237Np relative to 197Au. Based on the capture cross section of 237Np taken from the JENDL-3.2 library, the C/Es were between 0.97 and 1.04, and the average C/E among the 11 cores was 1.01. On the other hand, the C/Es using the ENDF/B-VI and the JEF-2.2 were 1.02 to 1.06 for harder spectrum cores, whereas the C/Es for the softer spectrum cores were 1.08 to 1.16. It is concluded that the JENDL-3.2 library has good accuracy for the capture cross section of 237Np but the ENDF/B-VI and the JEF-2.2 libraries overestimate that of 237Np >10% in the thermal neutron energy region

2000-11-01

83

University of Southern California: Tsunami Research Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tsunami Research Center at the University of Southern California "is actively involved with all aspects of tsunami research; inundation field surveys, numerical and analytical modeling, and hazard assessment, mitigation and planning." The website supplies interactive maps and chilling images of the destruction caused by the December 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean. Visitors can find out the latest tsunami news and research. Students and educators can view animations of seismic activity, landslides, and additional tsunami-related activity in various locations across the globe. Researchers can find abstracts and lists of publications of papers discussing field surveys, physical models, numerical methods, tsunami hazards, and more.

84

University of Miami Industrial Assessment Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report documents all activity of the University of Miami Industrial Assessment Center (MIIAC) grant awarded by the United States Department of Energy (USDOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Industrial Technology Program (ITP). This grant was coordinated through a collaborative effort with the Center for Advanced Energy Systems (CAES) located at Rutgers University in New Jersey (www.caes.rutgers.edu) which acted as the program’s Field Manager. The grant’s duration included fiscal years 2003-2006 (September 2002 – August 2006), and operated under the direction of Dr. Shihab Asfour, Director (MIIAC). MIIAC’s main goal was to provide energy assessments for local manufacturing firms. Energy consumption, productivity enhancement, and waste management were the focus of each assessment. Energy savings, cost savings, implementation costs, and simple payback periods were quantified using scientific methodologies and techniques. Over the four-year period of the grant, the total number of industrial assessments conducted was 91, resulting in 604 assessment recommendations and the following savings: 73,519,747 kWh, 435,722 MMBTU, and $10,024,453 in cost savings. A total of 16 undergraduate and graduate students were trained on energy assessment. Companies in over 40 different zip codes were assessed.

Asfour, Shihab, S.

2007-01-29

85

Measurement of 237Np fission rate ratio relative to 235U fission rate in cores with various thermal neutron spectrum at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Integral measurements of 237Np fission rate ratio relative to 235U fission rate have been performed at Kyoto University Citrical Assembly. The fission rates have been measured using the back-to back type double fission chamber at five thermal cores with different H/235U ratio so that the neutron spectra of the cores were systematically varied. The measured fission rate ratio per atom was 0.00439 to 0.0298, with a typical uncertainty of 2 to 3%. The measured data were compared with the calculated results using SRAC/TWOTRAN and MVP based on JENDL-3.2, which gave the averaged C/E values of 0.93 and 0.95, respectively. Obtained results of C/E using 237Np cross sections from JENDL-3/2, ENDF/B-VI.5 and JEF2.2 show that the latter two gave smaller results than JENDL-3.2 by about 4%, which clearly reflects the discrepancy in the evaluated cross section among the libraries. This difference arises from both fast fission and resonance region. Although further improvement is recommended, 237Np fission cross section in JENDL-3.2 is considered to be superior to those in the other libraries and can be adopted for use in design calculations for minor actinide transmutation system using thermal reactors with prediction precision of 237Np fission rate with in 10%. (author)

2000-08-01

86

Kyoto, Italy, carbon tax  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The measures under discussion for the achievement of the Kyoto objective and the carbon tax introduced by the 1999 Budget Law make useful some consideration. The Kyoto target implies and effort that, considering the huge financial resources involved, forces to be very cautious in defining new energy policy. The carbon tax is more simply confirming the leadership of Italy as the country with one of the highest taxation of energy

1998-12-01

87

The study on the stability of the supporting ground on the construction site of High Flux Reactor building in Research Reactor Institute of Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report provides the results of the study on the stability of the supporting gwound which has been carried out as a part of the seismic design of the High Flux Reactor building which is planned to be constructed by Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute. In this work the finite element method is used. The stresses and displacements of the ground are calculated under the following conditions; (1) Stress-strain relationships for the individual elements are linear. (2) The problem is analyzed on two-dimensional plane strain distributions. (3) No-tension analysis is applied to the calculation for earthquake load. (4) The mechanical properties of the ground are obtained from the soil survey which has been performed at the construction site of High Flux Reactor building. The results are summarized as follows; (1) The settlement of the building is estimated to be about 2 -- 5 cm for long-time loading, including the result from elastic theory, while the relative settlement is about 0.3 cm at both ends of the building. (2) Safety factor is larger than 1.4 for long-time loading. (3) Maximum angle of the deformation of the building due to the earthquake load is estimated to be about 9.2 x 10"-"3 degree (1.6 x 10"-"4 rad). (4) Safety factor is larger than 1.2 -- 1.3 for earthquake load. Judging from these results described above, the ground at the construction site of the High Flux Reactor is appropriate for the supporting ground of the reactor building, and the mat foundation can be adopted for the foundation form. (author)

1981-01-01

88

New library buildings: Creighton University Bio-Information Center.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In May 1977 the newly constructed Creighton University Bio-Information Center, costing over $4 million and containing more than 57,000 square feet of space, officially began to provide services. This facility houses three educational support programs--the Health Sciences Library, the Learning Resources Center, and the Biomedical Communications Center--that primarily serve the University's health sciences schools of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing, and allied health, and the University'...

Wannarka, M. B.

1980-01-01

89

Present status of reactor physics in the United States and Japan-IV. 6. Accelerator-Driven Subcritical Reactors in Japanese Universities: Experimental Study Using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A series of basic experiments for an accelerator-driven subcritical reactor (ADSR) was officially launched in financial year 2000 at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) as a joint-use program among Japanese universities. These experiments are closely related to the future plan of the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute. A final goal of this plan is to establish a next-generation neutron source as a substitute for the 5-MW Kyoto University Reactor and based on the ADSR concept to promote joint research among Japanese universities. An attractive point of the ADSR system is that either pulsed or steady neutrons can be provided depending on the accelerator's operation mode. In this series of experiments, a solid moderator core among the KUCA's three cores (A, B, and C) is combined with a Cockcroft-Walton-type pulsed neutron generator installed in the KUCA. A polyethylene moderated and reflected core loaded with 93% enriched uranium-aluminum (U-Al) alloy fuel is assembled at the A-core position. The fuel rod consists of polyethylene and U-Al plates 5.08 x 5.08 cm (2 x 2 in.) square with upper and lower polyethylene reflectors of >50 cm, respectively. The active height of the core is ?35 cm. The neutron spectrum of the core can be varied by changing a combination of ?1.6-mm ((1/16-in.)-thick U-Al plates and ?3.2-mm (1/8-in.)-thick polyethylene plates in the fuel rod. The deuteron beam accelerated up to 200 keV is led to a tritium target to generate 14-MeV pulsed neutrons. These pulsed neutrons are injected into the assembly maintained at the subcritical state as shown in Fig. 1. An optical-fiber detector system is utilized to measure the neutron flux distribution and the behavior of neutron decay. A mixture of 6Li-enriched LiF and ZnS(Ag) scintillator is pasted on one end of a 1-mm-diam optical fiber with the instant adhesive. A fiber detector of ThO2 in place of LiF is employed to monitor generated 14-MeV neutrons. By varying the subcriticality with adjusting the stroke of the control rod insertion or the number of fuel rods loaded in the core, experiments are carried out. The subcriticality was measured by the area ratio method of the pulsed neutron technique. The analyses of these experiments are executed with the MVP continuous Monte Carlo code based on the JENDL-3.2 library. So far, this has been a joint study of Prof. Yoshihiro Yamane's group at Nagoya University and Prof. Toshikazu Takeda's group at Osaka University. Through the analysis, it has become strongly recognized that the accuracy of the keff calculation is essential to examine the neutron multiplication in the ADSR system as well as that of the subcriticality measurement. The calculated neutron decay constant agreed well with the measured one, although the correction for the effect of delayed neutrons is necessary because of the current limitation in the MVP code on their treatment. (authors)

2001-06-17

90

Status of Tsukuba University tandem accelerator center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Tandem Accelerator Center of Tsukuba University was established on 1974. The 12UD pelletron tandem accelerator started its operation on 1976. In 1999, the operation times of the accelerator and beam use times were 2905 and 2316 hours, respectively. The new electrostatic quadra-pole lens was installed on March 1999. On July 1999, troubles happened in corona needles under 11 MV conditioning. The 25 years old SF{sub 6} compressor was to meet regular overhauling. There were three types of ion sources; those were 1) sputter ion source for hydrogen and deuterium, 2) polarized ion source and 3) AMS (Accelerator Mass Spectroscopy) ion source. The operation time of sputter ion source took up 34% of total operation time. The operation time of the AMS ion source was approximately 6%. The time for experiments on nuclear physics took up 60%. However, the experiments on material physics using the AMS ion source were increasing. Developments of {sup 129}I measurement are scheduled on 2000. The 20% of the total operation time was dedicated to on terrestrial science as the higher priority research. There was a use for bachelor students in the summer school. The 1 MV tandetron started its operation on the fiscal year of 1999. We had two type of ion source; those were 1) sputter ion source and 2) duo-plasmatron ion source for He acceleration. There are 5 beam lines, in which RBS (Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy) and PIXE (Photon-Induced X-ray Emission) had been commissioned. The beam-line for micro-PIXE and others are under construction. The beam operation times were 225 hours in 1999, due to many troubles in duo-plasmatron cooling system and so on. On the other hand, many users are expecting experiments on crystal physics using He beams. (Y. Tanaka)

Sasa, Kimikazu; Ishii, Satoshi; Oshima, Hiroyuki [Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki (Japan)] (and others)

2001-02-01

91

Center for International Development at Harvard University  

Science.gov (United States)

Established in 1998 by the Harvard Institute for International Development and the Kennedy School of Government, the Center for International Development (CID) is Harvard's primary center for research on sustainable international development. The CID is currently headed by Professor Dani Rodrik, who provides oversight and direction for the Center. On the site, visitors can learn about upcoming international development conferences sponsored by the Center, read about the various persons working at the Center, learn about various research programs, along with reading various reports associated with each area of inquiry. The site also contains a host of links to online research data sets for persons working in the field of international development, and to the Center's working papers and special reports. Some of the more compelling working papers address the situation of sustainable development in sub-Saharan Africa and the rise and fall of the Indonesian economy.

92

Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes  

Science.gov (United States)

The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, an ongoing project from Kyoto University, has recently updated this collection of molecular interaction information. The Introduction section provides substantial information on the project background and data, as well as user guides and manuals to help users orient themselves to the database. Users can search for information on specific interactions in selected species, or browse to find metabolic pathways or gene sequences of interest. Computational tools include the ability to find similar sequences and generate possible reactions between compounds.

2002-01-01

93

Center for Space Power and Advanced Electronics, Auburn University  

Science.gov (United States)

The union of Auburn University's Center for Space Power and Advanced Electronics and the Westinghouse Science and Technology Center to form a Center for the Commercial Development of Space (CCDS) is discussed. An area of focus for the CCDS will be the development of silicon carbide electronics technology, in terms of semiconductors and crystal growth. The discussion is presented in viewgraph form.

Deis, Dan W.; Hopkins, Richard H.

1991-01-01

94

78 FR 69173 - University Transportation Centers Program  

Science.gov (United States)

...institution of a consortium that receives a...or a member of a consortium for a Regional Center. A member of a consortium that receives a...transportation research and education...research in an area of focus from...

2013-11-18

95

Purdue University Center for Cancer Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Purdue is an interdisciplinary cancer research center. Its mission is to promote discovery in the areas of biological phenomena, new chemical entities, and newtechnology that leads to the development of innovative instrumentation, new diagnostic tools, and noveltherapeutics. By studying cancers at the cellular level, researchers are discovering how such diseases develop, progress, and respond to treatment. The goal is to find ways to detect cancer sooner and treat it more effectively.

96

Establishing a University-Based Mars Mission Research Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

Outlines one university's process of planning and preparing a successful proposal for a space research center which focused on a broad, cross-disciplinary study. States that as a result of the center, four new graduate courses were offered and a higher than average enrollment was attracted to the school. (RT)

DeJarnette, Fred R.

1988-01-01

97

Romberg Tiburon Center for Environmental Studies (San Francisco State University)  

Science.gov (United States)

Located in Tiburon, California, the Romberg Tiburon Center is San Francisco State University's marine field station located 30 minutes north of San Francisco on the Tiburon Peninsula. The Center's mission is to perform basic scientific research and educate and train the next generation of scientists (undergraduate and Masters level). Site provides information on all the Center's latest news and research, as well as information on teacher workshops and outreach activities.

98

77 FR 59661 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Stanford University Archaeology Center, Stanford, CA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Inventory Completion: Stanford University Archaeology Center, Stanford, CA AGENCY: National...SUMMARY: The Stanford University Archaeology Center has completed an inventory of...may contact the Stanford University Archaeology Center. Repatriation of the human...

2012-09-28

99

77 FR 59660 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Stanford University Archaeology Center, Stanford, CA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Inventory Completion: Stanford University Archaeology Center, Stanford, CA AGENCY: National...SUMMARY: The Stanford University Archaeology Center has completed an inventory of...may contact the Stanford University Archaeology Center. Repatriation of the human...

2012-09-28

100

77 FR 59968 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Stanford University Archaeology Center, Stanford, CA  

Science.gov (United States)

...Cultural Items: Stanford University Archaeology Center, Stanford, CA AGENCY: National...SUMMARY: The Stanford University Archaeology Center, in consultation with the appropriate...may contact the Stanford University Archaeology Center. DATES: Representatives...

2012-10-01

 
 
 
 
101

The University of Chicago Martin Marty Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The idea for establishing an institute for the advanced study of religion at the University of Chicago originated in the early 1970s, and it seemed to be a natural fit for the school. After all, the oldest part of the University was the Divinity School. Just such an institute was established in 1979, and in 1998, it was renamed after Professor Martin Marty, who had served as a professor in the Divinity School since 1963. On the site, visitors can learn about their various programs, including public conferences, publications, and faculty research projects. Within the publications area of the site, there are two important initiatives that should not be overlooked. The first is "Sightings", which is a bi-weekly email report on the role of religion in public life. Visitors can view the current edition here, or peruse the archive all the way back to April 30, 1999. Also, there is the Religion & Culture Web Forum, which presents a series of online dialogues with scholars about such topics as the religious identities of Latin American immigrants and intelligent design.

102

Axisymmetric Galaxy Distribution and the Center of the Universe  

CERN Document Server

The validity of Hubble's law defies the determination of the center of the big bang expansion, even if it exists. Every point in the expanding universe looks like the center from which the rest of the universe flies away. In this article, the author shows that the distribution of apparently circular galaxies is not uniform in the sky and that there exists a special direction in the universe in our neighborhood. The data is consistent with the assumption that the tidal force due to the mass distribution around the universe center causes the deformation of galactic shapes depending on its orientation and location relative to the center and our galaxy. The location of the center is estimated to be at a distance ~0.88/h Gpc in the direction of l=135 +/- 30 degrrs and b = -35 +/- 20 degrees in galactic coordinates (alpha = 01h 36m, delta = +26d 50m in equatorial J2000.0 or in the direction of the Constellation Pisces). Further study of the deformation of galaxies such as triaxial galaxies and non-axisymmetric spir...

Tomozawa, Y

2001-01-01

103

Integrating Mindfulness Meditation within a University Counseling Center Setting  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper documents the development of a mindfulness meditation component within a University Counseling Center setting. The specific focus is upon the inclusion of meditation as it pertains to both organizational structure and psychotherapy training. The integration of a meditation practice into any organization is a slow process that poses…

Kurash, Cheryl; Schaul, Jonathan

2006-01-01

104

User-Centered Design in Practice: The Brown University Experience  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents a case study in user-centered design that explores the needs and preferences of undergraduate users. An analysis of LibQual+ and other user surveys, interviews with public service staff, and a formal American with Disabilities Act accessibility review served as the basis for planning a redesign of the Brown University

Bordac, Sarah; Rainwater, Jean

2008-01-01

105

Rice University: Building an Academic Center for Nonprofit Education  

Science.gov (United States)

According to the author, the setting for their nonprofit education center was close to ideal: Support from a dean who cares deeply about nonprofit organizations; encouragement from the university and its renewed focus on reaching beyond its walls on the eve of its centennial; and a generous gift from alumni who have been affiliated with the…

Seaworth, Angela

2012-01-01

106

University Center and Community Hospital: Problems in Integration.  

Science.gov (United States)

A case study of the University of Chicago Medical Center highlights the tensions, strains, and resistances that inhibit the development of an urban health care system. It raises questions about the role of the research and teaching hospital in regional health care planning, especially as suburban facilities are drawing away patients. (Author/LBH)

Tarlov, Alvin R.; And Others

1979-01-01

107

Final Report: New Mexico State University Arrowhead Center PROSPER Project.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document is the final technical report of the Arrowhead Center Prosper Project at New Mexico State University. The Prosper Project was a research and public policy initiative funded by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) of the U.S. Depa...

J. Peach

2013-01-01

108

Off-center observers versus supernovae in inhomogeneous pressure universes  

CERN Document Server

Exact luminosity distance and apparent magnitude formulas are applied to Union2 557 supernovae sample in order to constrain possible position of an observer outside of the center of symmetry in spherically symmetric inhomogeneous pressure Stephani universes which are complementary to inhomogeneous density Lema\\^itre-Tolman-Bondi (LTB) void models. Two specific models are investigated. The first which allows a barotropic equation of state at the center of symmetry with no scale factor function being specified (model IIA), and the second which has no barotropic equation of state at the center, but has an explicit dust-like scale factor evolution (model IIB). It is shown that even at $3\\sigma$ CL, an off-center observer cannot be further than about 3-4 Gpc away from the center of symmetry which is comparable to the reported size of a void in LTB models with the most likely value of the distance from the center about 270 Mpc for Model IIA. The off-center observer cannot be farther away from the center than about ...

Balcerzak, Adam; Denkiewicz, Tomasz

2013-01-01

109

The coal market after Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The contribution comprises OHP slides/viewgraphs from the talk, with a copy of an attachment on the World Coal Institute. The topic is the effect of the Kyoto agreement on the international market for coal.

Knapp, R. [World Coal Institute, London (United Kingdom)

1998-12-31

110

Center for Genome Research and Biocomputing at Oregon State University  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Center for Genome Research and Biocomputing (CGRB) Core Lab at Oregon State University provides services for fee in genomic technologies (DNA sequencing, DNA genotyping (fragment analysis)) and in functional genomic technologies (microarray). We manage a Zeiss LSM510Meta confocal microscope as a multi-user instrument; training is required and assistance is available, both for fee. Sequencing is provided both for traditional Sanger sequencing on an AB 3730 and ultra high throughput sequenc...

2011-01-01

111

Kyoto Protocol one step closer  

Science.gov (United States)

The European Union (EU) could soon decide to ratify the Kyoto Protocol on climate change, following a 4 March meeting of the European Commissions environment council to approve the treaty.European Commission President Romani Prodi said the council's move enables the 15 EU member states to take the steps toward simultaneous ratification together with the commission before 1 June."I urge our partners both in the developed and in the developing countries to also ratify the Kyoto Protocol soon," he said.

Showstack, Randy

112

University Reactor Conversion Lessons Learned Workshop for Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center Reactor  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objectives of this meeting were to capture the observations, insights, issues, concerns, and ideas of those involved in the Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center (TAMU NSC) TRIGA Reactor Conversion so that future efforts can be conducted with greater effectiveness, efficiency, and with fewer challenges. This workshop was held in conjunction with a similar workshop for the University of Florida Reactor Conversion. Some of the generic lessons from that workshop are included in this report for completeness.

Eric C. Woolstenhulme; Dana M. Meyer

2007-04-01

113

The Leo Strauss Center: The University of Chicago  

Science.gov (United States)

Revered by some, criticized by others, Leo Strauss remains a very important and influential figure in a number of academic fields, including political philosophy, classics, and Jewish studies. For twenty years, Strauss was a faculty member at the University of Chicago, and the Leo Strauss Center at that institution was created in order "to promote the serious study of Leo Strauss's thought primarily through the preservation and publication of the unpublished written and audio record that he left behind." On the Center's site, visitors can make their way through sections titled "Strauss's Publications", "On Strauss's Thought", "Strauss Archives", and a biographical sketch. In the "Strauss's Publications" area visitors can read a detailed bibliography compiled by Heinrich Meier. The "Strauss Archives" section contains a finding aid to the Leo Strauss Papers held at the Special Collections Research Center in the University of Chicago Library. Moving on, the "Audio of a Meno Class" section contains an audio recording of Strauss's class on Plato's Meno from the spring of 1966. The site is rounded out by a search engine and information about the persons responsible for the administration of the Center.

114

The Stocker AstroScience Center at Florida International University  

Science.gov (United States)

The new Stocker AstroScience Center located on the MMC campus at Florida International University in Miami Florida represents a unique facility for STEM education that arose from a combination of private, State and university funding. The building, completed in the fall of 2013, contains some unique spaces designed not only to educate, but also to inspire students interested in science and space exploration. The observatory consists of a 4-story building (3 floors) with a 24” ACE automated telescope in an Ash dome, and an observing platform above surrounding buildings. Some of the unique features of the observatory include an entrance/exhibition hall with a 6-ft glass tile floor mural linking the Florida climate to space travel, a state-of-the art telescope control that looks like a starship bridge, and displays such as “Music from the universe”. The observatory will also be the focus of our extensive public outreach program that is entering its 20 year.

Webb, James R.

2014-01-01

115

University of Colorado at Boulder: Discovery Learning Center (DLC)  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Colorado at Boulder established the Engineering Center Complex in order to support Discovery Learning, a project in which "undergraduates work alongside graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, faculty, and industry representatives, as collaborative partners on original research." Summer research internships and other opportunities are also available for the K-12 community. The website devotes significant attention to the (elaborate) Discovery Learning Center (DLC) building design by including Architectural Diagrams and Floorplans and a photo gallery of the facility. The DLC is "designed to support vertically integrated research teams working on interdisciplinary projects, ranging from genomics-based research to the latest in space experiments." The Research section provides links to the websites of the eleven projects within this facility: Biotechnology/Biomaterials Discovery Laboratory, Center for Drinking Water Optimization, Center for LifeLong Learning and Design, Colorado Center for Information Storage, Colorado Space Grant Consortium, Coleman Computing Discovery House, Interdisciplinary Telecommunications Systems Laboratory, Small Communicating Computer Laboratory, Space Experiments Institute, Micro/Nano Electro- Mechanical Systems, and BP 3-D Visualization Laboratory Biotech/Biolab.

116

GAME ANALYSIS OF KYOTO AND POST-KYOTO SCHEMES  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Kyoto protocol, put in force in Feb. 2005, is criticized from both sides, those demanding a stricter target for GHG (green house gas) emission reduction on the one side, and those claiming for more flexible and comprehensive controls of the emission on the other side, for its modest target and narrow coverage. Even though its value could be that of a mere precedent and experimentation, Kyoto protocol includes very special experimentation to assist the world wide cooperation for a mitigation of climate change, i.e. the introduction of three mechanisms, emissions trading, joint implementation, and clean development mechanism (CDM). Together, they are called Kyoto mechanisms. Evaluation of mechanisms is one important role of microeconomics and the game theory is a major tool for it. We shall scrutinize these mechanisms from such viewpoint. A special attention is placed on CDM, as it is the novel mechanism introduced by Kyoto protocol, and gives a unique link between Annex I nations (mostly developed countries) and non-Annex I nations (mostly developing countries). Next, we examine some of the currently proposed schemes after 2013, the post Kyoto schemes. One of the chief issues is the possibility of making a comprehensive agreement including both the USA and large developing countries with rapidly increasing emission levels of GHG like China and India. Adding to these, not only the proposed schemes themselves, but the process of negotiation itself inspired several researches in cooperative game theory and in particular, coalition formation theory. We shall touch upon this issue separately, and examine how successfully they predicted the outcome leading to Kyoto, retrospectively. Finally, we end our discussion with a brief consideration over the underlining normative argument concerning these schemes.

Haruo Imai [Kyoto Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto (Japan)

2008-09-30

117

The Kyoto conference: French perspective  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present article approaches the problem of the climate change from a French perspective, describing the process that let the topic acquire importance in the national government level. Also, they stand out the difficulties generated in the negotiations of the Kyoto Protocol, because the opposing positions have United States and the European block

1997-12-01

118

Axion search experiment in Kyoto  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Progress in dark matter axion search in Kyoto with the Rydberg-atom cavity detector is reported. Based on the prototype apparatus CARRACK1, a new experimental apparatus CARRACK2 was constructed to search for axions over a wide range of axion mass, 2 ?eV to 30 ?eV. Status of the apparatus and axion search is presented. (author)

1999-03-09

119

Kyoto Mechanisms Table options paper  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol contains the emission targets for 38 countries listed in Annex I of the Framework Convention on Climate Change. If the Protocol is ratified by 55% of Parties to the Convention, incorporating 55% of overall Annex B emissions, those industrialized countries would commit to reducing their overall greenhouse gas emissions during the 2008-2012 time period to a level that is 5.2% below 1990 levels. Canada agreed to cut its net emissions below 6% of its 1990 levels. The three Kyoto Mechanisms: are (1) 'Emissions trading', [Article 17] that allows industrialized countries to transfer among themselves portions of their national emission budgets to achieve compliance during the 2008-2012 commitment period; (2) 'Joint Implementation', that allows individual emission reduction or sink enhancement projects in industrialized countries to lead to international transfers of emission reduction units; and (3) the Clean Development Mechanism, that allows the issuance of certified emissions credits for emission reductions and potential enhancements produced by projects undertaken in developing countries. The Mechanisms offer a potentially powerful tool for stimulating new, cleaner technologies and ensuring that potential users in developing countries can access these technologies. The Kyoto Mechanisms Table was convened to address international emissions trading and related domestic trading issues. The Kyoto Mechanisms allow action to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions at lower cost by providing flexibility in the timing, location and method of reductions. 19 refs., 3 tabs., 2 figs.

Baltacioglu, Y; Peirce, C.

1999-10-22

120

New Mexico State University Arrowhead Center PROSPER Project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document is the final technical report of the Arrowhead Center Prosper Project at New Mexico State University. The Prosper Project was a research and public policy initiative funded by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The Prosper project (DOE Grant Number DE-NT0004397) began on October 1, 2008 (FY2009, Quarter 1) and ended on December 31, 2012 (FY2013, Quarter 1). All project milestones were completed on time and within the budget. This report contains a summary of ten technical reports resulting from research conducted during the project. This report also contains a detailed description of the research dissemination and outreach activities of the project including a description of the policy impacts of the project. The report also describes project activities that will be maintained after the end of the project.

Peach, James

2012-12-31

 
 
 
 
121

Stanford University School of Medicine: Center for Narcolepsy  

Science.gov (United States)

Scientific studies of sleep patterns and behaviors have been around for decades, and the Stanford University Sleep Clinic was the first medical clinic established to examine sleep disorders. Since its founding, it has given rise to the Stanford Center for Narcolepsy. For visitors looking for information about their research and this illness, their website provides ample material. First-time visitors might do well to begin by reading the review essay, "A Hundred Years of Research", which provides some background on the ways in which researchers have explored the causes and etiology of this condition. Moving on, visitors can also learn about which medications are used to treat the condition, and also read about their innovative brain donation program.

122

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Annual Report covers the research activities and the technical developments of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, for the period from April 1989 to March 1990. Laborious but promising work of refreshing 12UD has continued throughout the year, in the intervals of the regular machine-time service. The terminal voltage of 12UD has gone beyond 12MV. At the time of writing this manuscript, 12UD is running up stably around 12.4MV, the loss current being essentially zero. She has recovered and further begins to flesh up without a surgical operation of grafting 'compressed tubes'. In the course of conditioning, the voltage has reached to 12.78MV. In spite of the considerable time consumed by the refreshing, the total machine-time has exceeded 2,000 hours. In addition to the improvement of 12UD, activities at the Center covered a wide area of research field, viz. 1) nuclear spectroscopy of transitional nuclei, 2) heavy ion fusion and fission processes, 3) polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions, 4) charge exchange process in atomic collisions, 5) application of energetic heavy ions investigating solid-state physics, and 6) effect of ion-irradiation on the fatigue properties of metal. Theoretical work pertinent to the nuclear structure is also included in this report. (author)

1990-01-01

123

Kyoto : implications for utility regulation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author provided a historical perspective of energy use and the role of carbon in the western hemisphere by displaying a series of graphs showing carbon intensity of energy, carbon emissions from energy, and the long path to green power. The 1990s represented a decade of progress. Almost three times as much wind capacity as nuclear capacity was added worldwide in 2001. The main challenge for the 21st century will be to bring under-developed countries into the fold while perpetuating the economic and human progress of the twentieth century. It was emphasized that environmental damage caused by utilities must be reversed. The contemporary context for the Kyoto Protocol was reviewed. Canada's commitment under the Kyoto Protocol is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 6 per cent below 1990 levels. The challenge for utility regulators to meet this commitment was examined. The costs are not entirely excessive. Some of the regulatory issues were discussed, namely revising a broad rate making framework, cost recovery and others. The Kyoto compliance plan was also reviewed with reference to internal options, external options, identification of regulatory barriers, and consideration of greenhouse gas credit markets. figs

2003-05-04

124

Cancer Research Center Indiana University School of Medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to authorize the Indiana School of Medicine to proceed with the detailed design, construction and equipping of the proposed Cancer Research Center (CRC). A grant was executed with the University on April 21, 1992. A four-story building with basement would be constructed on the proposed site over a 24-month period. The proposed project would bring together, in one building, three existing hematology/oncology basic research programs, with improved cost-effectiveness through the sharing of common resources. The proposed site is currently covered with asphaltic pavement and is used as a campus parking lot. The surrounding area is developed campus, characterized by buildings, walkways, with minimal lawns and plantings. The proposed site has no history of prior structures and no evidence of potential sources of prior contamination of the soil. Environmental impacts of construction would be limited to minor increases in traffic, and the typical noises associated with standard building construction. The proposed CRC project operation would involve the use radionuclides and various hazardous materials in conducting clinical studies. Storage, removal and disposal of hazardous wastes would be managed under existing University programs that comply with federal and state requirements. Radiological safety programs would be governed by Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) license and applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations. There are no other NEPA reviews currently active which are in relationship to this proposed site. The proposed project is part of a Medical Campus master plan and is consistent with applicable local zoning and land use requirements

1994-01-01

125

Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center Incorrectly Billed Medicare for the Biological Drug Myozyme.  

Science.gov (United States)

During our audit period (January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2011), Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center (the Medical Center) received payments from Medicare totaling $717,648 for 12 line items for Myozyme administered to one beneficiary. Of ...

2012-01-01

126

 An Audit of Hypertension at University Health Center in Oman  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available  Objectives: To audit the documentation of medical care provided to hypertensive patients and to evaluate the management of hypertension in a primary healthcare center, Family Medicine Staff Clinic, Sultan Qaboos University (SQU in Oman.Methods: An audit of electronic medical records (EMR was carried out during 2007and 2008 on a representative sample of 150 patients, selected randomly using a simple randomization method. The mean age of the patients was 54.8 /- 9.9 years. The majority were Omanis; 53.3?0were female, 46.7?0were male. All patients’ records were reviewed for proper recording in a pre designed structured form. Re-auditing was done in 2008. McNemar’s test was used to compare data in 2007 with data in 2008.Results: Age, gender, blood pressure recording, renal function tests, and lipid levels were sufficiently recorded (>75?20in the computer system. Histories of pertinent symptoms and smoking history were poorly recorded (<1? Fifty-five percent of the hypertensive patients were sufficiently controlled (BP<140/90. There were significant differences between 2007 and 2008 with respect to documentation and recording of pertinent symptoms (p<0.001 and renal function tests (p=0.026.Conclusion: Conducting an audit of EMR is essential to evaluate clinical performance and to determine what changes should be made to improve quality of care. There was significant improvement in documentation of pertinent symptoms in the second audit.

Syed Rizvi

2011-07-01

127

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report includes the research activities and the technical developments carried out at the Tandem Accelerator Center in University of Tsukuba for the period from April 1991 to March 1992. Research activities covered the following subjects. Experimental investigations were made on 1) nuclear spectroscopy of high-spin rotational states and high-spin isomers in odd-odd nuclei, anomalous Fermi-coupling constant in the ? decay of "3"5Ar and the search for new isotopes around the mass number 90; 2) polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions; 3) the application of energetic heavy ions to solid state physics; 4) the properties of defects in metal produced by proton irradiation; 5) the magnetic properties of LiVO_2 by NMR; 6) off line Moessbauer studies; and 7) the mechanism of micro-cluster formation at the surface of material by heavy-ion bombardment. Theoretical work pertinent to the nuclear collective motion and the relativistic mean-field theory is also included in this report. (J.P.N.)

1992-01-01

128

Key elements of Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A Kyoto Protocol was adopted on December 11, 1997 at the Third Conference of the Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change. The agreement on the legally binding protocol called for industrialized countries to reduce their collective emissions of six greenhouse gases to 5.2 per cent below 1990 emission levels between the years 2008 and 2012. The 5.2 per cent reduction in total developed country emissions will be realized through targets for national reductions ranging from 8 per cent to 10 per cent. Canada`s binding target is a reduction of 6 per cent. The six major greenhouses gases are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride. The right for parties to trade emissions reductions credits to meet their commitments was included in the protocol. This mechanism was seen as a good way to share the burden of global emissions while keeping costs down. It was recognized that the response to the Kyoto Protocol will require the participation of all levels of government, the public sector, the private sector, and non-government organizations. The agreement permits national flexibility on the means to implement commitments, meaning that countries retain full flexibility to pursue those policies and measures which, while adequate to achieve commitments are, at the same time, most appropriate for specific national circumstances.

Irish, J. [Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

1998-09-01

129

Climate change : Kyoto and beyond  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The commitment undertaken by Canada at Kyoto means an effective reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of between 20 and 25 per cent from current levels. The inclusion of emissions trading among developed countries was considered an important first step. The importance of the roles of the federal and provincial governments in enforcing the assumed commitment was emphasized. Unfortunately, the Kyoto Protocol failed to bring about meaningful involvement from the developing world, even though it is recognized that in the longer term no global effort in greenhouse gas emission reduction can be successful without developing world involvement. For Canada to achieve the commitments undertaken, there is great need for a portfolio of stringent measures and new and innovative policy approaches since the voluntary action plans that are currently in place are not enough to address climate change. From the point of view of the Canadian Wind Energy Association (CanWEA) the most important next steps in the near term were more stress on the climate change benefits of wind energy, an effective marketing strategy for green power, working towards changes to the tax system, and the effective use of economic instruments. Clarification of the issues surrounding emission trading was also considered important.

Hornung, R. [Pembina Institute, Calgary, AB (Canada)

1997-12-31

130

New markets for kyoto mechanisms; Nye markeder for Kyoto mekanismer  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Initiatives in reducing greenhouse gas emissions have been taken since the mid 1990's. After the commitment to the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, industries and authorities have shown an increasing interest in testing Joint Implementation (JI) and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). JI and CDM enable a country to finance projects abroad and use the emission reductions created to fulfil its own commitments. CO{sub 2} trading has been effected, but in a smaller scale. This note describes experiences and characteristics of the growing market focusing on JI. The aim is to elucidate current project types, and point out some barriers for starting projects. Furthermore, the note throws light on the current trade prices, and the actors' expectations to future prices. (ba)

NONE

2003-02-01

131

Bush criticism on Kyoto cuts ice  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

According to the authors the president of the USA, George W. Bush, has some relevant objections to the Kyoto Protocol. Some of the short-comings of the Protocol are discussed and recommendations are made for the best strategy of the European Union to 're-involve' the US in the Kyoto Protocol. 8 refs

2001-06-08

132

Kyoto survives - after extensive care  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

180 countries, but not the US, agreed to a compromise political solution to break the deadlock between two groups of countries who face targets under the Kyoto Protocol meeting in late July. The article discusses how this could affect the coal trade, quoting largely from a paper by Mark O'Neill, director of Sustainable Development at the Australian Coal Association, presented at CoalTrans Asia 2001. He considered that it is a fossil fuel fantasy to say all fossil fuels are bad, their use must be ended as soon as possible and they have no role to play in sustainable development. He agreed that a policy framework should recognise the need to develop emission reduction solutions from fossil fuels. 2 photos.

NONE

2001-08-01

133

Natural disturbances and Kyoto protocol  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A recent letter published in Nature (Kurz et al. 2008a reports an outbreak of mountain pine beetles in British Columbia, destroying millions of trees; according to the authors, by 2020, the beetles will have done so much damage that the forest is expected to release more carbon dioxide than it absorbs. All those natural disturbances could overwhelmed all the efforts made by Canada to influence the carbon balance through forest management. Considering that Canada decided not to elect forest management within the Kyoto Protocol, it is clear that future climate mitigation agreements, aimed to encourage changes in forest management, should account for and protect against the impacts of natural disturbances.

Teobaldelli M

2008-06-01

134

[Dr. Michiharu Matsuoka, founder of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyoto University, and his achievements. (Part 7: The academic carrier of Dr. Michiharu Matsuoka--from elementary school to the graduate school, Imperial University of Tokyo)].  

Science.gov (United States)

The background of the higher education of Dr. Michiharu Matsuoka shown on the official resume was disclosed by Dr. Kazuo Naito in 1986, but the courses of the elementary and secondary schools were not described in it. In regard to his lower educational courses, the author referred to the laws and regulations issued by the Ministry of Education of the Japan Government and the Yamaguchi Prefectural Office. Those were often revised with times. The author presumed the elementary school (Murozumi Primary School [the first established primary school at the birthplace; Murozumi, Hikari-City, Yamaguchi Prefecture]) and middle schools (Prefectural Yamaguchi Middle School and Yamaguchi High School) to which he had been admitted. These presumptions were made to explain his whole educational course without unreasonableness. After finishing the first school year of the Yamaguchi High School, he was transferred to the Preparatory Course of the Yamaguchi Higher School (Yamaguchi Kotô Chugakkô, Yoka), because of the amendment of the educational system. Then he was transferred to the Preparatory Course of the Daisan Higher School (Daisan Kotô Chugakkô, Yoka), and to the Preparatory Course of Daiichi Higher School (Daiichi Kotô Chugakkô, Yoka). After his graduation from the Regular Course of the Daiichi Higher School (Daiichi Kotô Chugakkô, Honka), he was admitted to the Medical College of the Imperial University from which he graduated in 1897. In addition, he was a medical student of the Graduate School of the Imperial University of Tokyo just before he left Japan for studying abroad. The whole academic carrier of Dr. Matsuoka is not only clearly clarified, but it is also indicated that he was one of the successful examples of the educational system proposed by Yamaguchi Prefecture in Meiji era which articulated the local primary and middle schools with the Imperial University of Tokyo. PMID:22586890

Hirotani, Hayato

2011-12-01

135

University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center  

Science.gov (United States)

... Sarcoma) Liver Cancer Lung Cancer Lymphoma – Adult (see Non–Hodgkin’s Lymphoma) Lymphoma – Childhood Male Breast Cancer (see Breast ... Malignant Mesothelioma (see Mesothelioma) Mantle Cell Lymphoma (see non-Hodgkins Lymphoma) Mediastinal Tumors (treated in Thoracic Center) Medulloblastoma – ...

136

Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics at Harvard University  

Science.gov (United States)

Practical ethics are the focus of this appealing website from Harvard's Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics. Practical ethics courses were rare when the Center opened its doors 30 years ago, but the founders wisely felt the need to focus on it. Those visitors who are unfamiliar with practical ethics should start by clicking on "Center" found on the top right side of the homepage. From there, visitors can click on "What is Practical Ethics". After this introduction to the field, visitors should skip down to the "News & Events" link, also on the right side of the page, and then go to the "Lectures & Events" category. A thorough summary of each lecture from the Center's free public lecture series, is accessible by clicking on "More", at the bottom of each lecture description. Visitors interested in searching the lectures from earlier years can click on "Past Lectures & Events" located below the "Lectures & Events" category. The "Research & Publications" link has "Working Papers", "Publications", and "Reports" to view, along with the "Prandial Philosophy Post", a brief argument raised during one of the center's lunch seminars or at one of their public lectures.

137

Center on Religion and Democracy at the University of Virginia  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the Center on Religion and Democracy is "to provide timely and empirically ground scholarship that stimulates public learning, strengthens public policy considerations, and helps religious communities themselves re-envision a constructive role in the public square of democracy." Given this ambitious mission, it is not surprising that their site offers a wide range of materials detailing their own scholarly and public activities, coupled with influential primary texts that deal with the ordering of public life and its intersection with religion. Information in the first two sections of the site give visitors a brief overview of the academic and professional staff working at the center and the Center's partnerships with organizations such as the Etext and Pew Centers. The third section of the site deals with the public outreach programs of the Center, including conferences, lectures, and information for potential fellows. Perhaps most compelling is the Library section of the site that offers a searchable archive of crucial texts dealing with social theory, religion, and legal questions. Finally, these documents (which include the Confessions of St. Augustine, John Locke's Two Treatises on Government, and many others) are available in several different formats, including for use with PDAs.

138

Master's Level Graduate Training in Medical Physics at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the master's degree program in medical physics developed at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. Required courses for the program, and requirements for admission are included in the appendices. (HM)

Ibbott, Geoffrey S.; Hendee, William R.

1980-01-01

139

Final Technical Report for Industrial Assessment Center at West Virginia University.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) program at West Virginia University (WVU), which is funded by the Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) in the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), has provided a ...

B. Gopalakrishnan

2008-01-01

140

PREFACE: Beyond Kyoto - the necessary road  

Science.gov (United States)

The Beyond Kyoto conference in Aarhus March 2009 was organised in collaboration with other knowledge institutions, businesses and authorities. It brought together leading scientists, policy-makers, authorities, intergovernmental organisations, NGO's, business stakeholders and business organisations. The conference was a joint interdisciplinary project involving many academic areas and disciplines. These conference proceedings are organised in central and recurring themes that cut across many debates on climate change, the climatic challenges as well as the solutions. In the front there is a short presentation of the conference concept. Part I of the proceedings focuses on issues related to the society - covering climate policy, law, market based instruments, financial structure, behaviour and consumption, public participation, media communication and response from indigenous peoples etc. Part II of the proceedings concerns the scientific knowledge base on climate related issues - covering climate change processes per se, the potential impacts of projected climate change on biodiversity and adaptation possibilities, the interplay between climate, agriculture and biodiversity, emissions, agricultural systems, increasing pressure on the functioning of agriculture and natural areas, vulnerability to extreme weather events and risks in respect to sea-level rise etc. The conference proceedings committee consists of four professors from Aarhus University: Jens-Christian Svenning, Jørgen E Olesen, Mads Forchhammer and Ellen Margrethe Basse. Aarhus University's Climate Secretariat has had the overall responsibility for coordinating the many presentations, as well as the practical side of arranging the conference and supporting the publication of papers. As Head of the Climate Secretariat and Chair of Aarhus University's Climate Panel, I would like to thank everyone for their contribution. This applies both to the scientific and the practical efforts. Special thanks to Project Manager Henrik Dalgaard for his excellent editorial services and to stud.mag. Nanna Katrine Lüders Kaalund for her practical assistance with the proceedings. The European Commission under the Regional Development Fund has funded the conference and the publication of the proceedings.

Margrethe Basse, Ellen

2009-03-01

 
 
 
 
141

CLUSTER: University-Science Center Partnership for Science Teacher Preparation  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to describe and present results from the fourth year of a five-year collaborative research project between an interactive science center and a local college. The purpose of the project is not only to recruit and train approximately 50 highly qualified science teachers who will teach in New York City public schools, but…

Saxman, Laura J.; Gupta, Preeti; Steinberg, Richard N.

2010-01-01

142

Learning Centered Universities: The Changing Face of Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Universities across the United States are beginning to systematically implement a paradigm shift in the way faculty are expected to teach and how students learn. Moving away from viewing the traditional role of the teacher as one whose primary job is to deliver lessons ("fill the pail" of students' brains), many college campuses are recognizing…

Scott, Whitney; Lisagor, Terri; Marachi, Roxana

2009-01-01

143

Implementing RECONSIDER, a diagnostic prompting computer system, at the Georgetown University Medical Center.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

RECONSIDER, a computer program for diagnostic prompting developed at the University of California, San Francisco, has been implemented at the Georgetown University Medical Center as part of the Integrated Academic Information Management System Model Development grant project supported by the National Library of Medicine. The system is available for student use in the Biomedical Information Resources Center of the Dahlgren Memorial Library. Instruction on use of the computer system is provided...

Broering, N. C.; Corn, M.; Ayers, W. R.; Mistry, P.

1988-01-01

144

Implementing Kyoto: risks and choices  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Risks, costs, benefits and opportunities faced by Canadians over the coming decades in transition to a low carbon future are assessed in the aftermath of Canada signing the Kyoto Accord. Signing the Accord means commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to six per cent below 1990 levels during the period 2008 to 2012. Concentrating in this paper on risks, four sets of risks are identified and discussed: Risk No.1 is that Canada will fall short of its 240 megatonnes annual reduction target by as much as 60 megatonnes in each of the five years of the first commitment period. The reason for this is that the current Canadian plan assumes a credit for 60 megatonnes in each of the five years for 'clean energy exports' of natural gas and hydroelectricity to the United States, however, the authors consider such claims most unlikely to be recognized. Risk No. 2 exists because of the continued uncertainty over the implementation plan which is widely seen as having a depressing effect on investment in the Canadian energy sector. This view persists despite government assurances designed to remove the most significant barriers to investments. Risk No. 3 is related, in that it is assumed that increased energy costs associated with compliance with commitments under the Kyoto Accord will shift new investment and production outside Canada. Risk No. 4 results from the assumption that the focus on this decade's commitment will impede development of custom-tailored long-term strategies that will meet specific Canadian needs. The paper provides some detail about each of these risks, outlines government actions to date to mitigate them, and makes recommendations as to further actions that may be required to create clear and credible short-term and long-term plans to achieve the commitments undertaken by signing the Accord. Beyond these risks there is also the well-founded concern that without action by the United States and the large developing nations such as China, India and Brazil, the benefits of eliminating Canada's two per cent contribution to the world's man-made GHG emissions would be lost quickly by emissions growth in non-ratifying nations. 22 end-notes.

Howatson, A.; Rheaume, G.

2003-01-01

145

The Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland: the first complementary and alternative medicine center in a US medical school  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract: The Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland was founded in 1991 and was the first center dedicated to evaluating complementary and alternative medicine at a US medical school. The center has been a National Institutes of Health center of excellence since 1995 focused on evaluating the efficacy, safety and mechanism of action of traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, and mind-body modalities including Qigong and mindfulness meditation. The Center functions as an interdisciplinary center in the university and is composed of four main areas—research, patient care, informatics, and education—that mutually enhance each other and create a cohesive unit. The Center has recently increased its international collaboration on acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine research, particularly with universities in China such as Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM and other TCM universities.

Lixing LAO

2008-11-01

146

Final Technical Report for University of Michigan Industrial Assessment Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The UM Industrial Assessment Center assisted 119 primary metals, automotive parts, metal casting, chemicals, forest products, agricultural, and glass manufacturers in Michigan, Ohio and Indiana to become more productive and profitable by identifying and recommending specific measures to improve energy efficiency, reduce waste and increase productivity. This directly benefits the environment by saving a total of 309,194 MMBtu of energy resulting in reduction of 0.004 metric tons of carbon emissions. The $4,618,740 implemented cost savings generated also saves jobs that are evaporating from the manufacturing industries in the US. Most importantly, the UM Industrial Assessment Center provided extremely valuable energy education to forty one UM graduate and undergraduate students. The practical experience complements their classroom education. This also has a large multiplier effect because the students take the knowledge and training with them.

Atreya, Arvind

2007-04-17

147

NASA University Research Centers Technical Advances in Education, Aeronautics, Space, Autonomy, Earth and Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

This first volume of the Autonomous Control Engineering (ACE) Center Press Series on NASA University Research Center's (URC's) Advanced Technologies on Space Exploration and National Service constitute a report on the research papers and presentations delivered by NASA Installations and industry and Report of the NASA's fourteen URC's held at the First National Conference in Albuquerque, New Mexico from February 16-19, 1997.

Jamshidi, M. (Editor); Lumia, R. (Editor); Tunstel, E., Jr. (Editor); White, B. (Editor); Malone, J. (Editor); Sakimoto, P. (Editor)

1997-01-01

148

Renata Adler Memorial Research Center for Child Welfare and Protection, Tel-Aviv University  

Science.gov (United States)

The Renata Adler Memorial Research Center for Child Welfare and Protection operates within the Bob Shapell School of Social Work at Tel-Aviv University in Israel. The main aims of this research center are to facilitate study and knowledge about the welfare of children experiencing abuse or neglect or children at risk and to link such knowledge to…

Ronen, Tammie

2011-01-01

149

Enhancing User Satisfaction with University Computing Center Services. IR Applications, Volume 13, July 31, 2007  

Science.gov (United States)

To provide quality education, a university needs to make available a well-equipped computing center. However, such centers are expensive, and their provision is a problem for administrators when budgets are tight. Hence, it is important that money be invested in services that will enhance user satisfaction the most. This study explores the…

Liu, Chung-Tzer; Du, Timon C.; Kuo, Fonchu

2007-01-01

150

Structure and Functions of the Continuing Education Centers at Turkish Universities  

Science.gov (United States)

Continuing education centers mainly organize activities for the society in the fields that have gained importance on the improvement of individuals with a view of career building, improving professional knowledge and skills, achieving new skills and supplying individual development needs. Such centers have been established within universities

Arslan, Mehmet Metin

2008-01-01

151

Advancing Mental Health Research: Washington University's Center for Mental Health Services Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Research centers have become a key component of the research infrastructure in schools of social work, including the George Warren Brown School of Social Work at Washington University. In 1993, that school's Center for Mental Health Services Research (CMHSR) received funding from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) as a Social Work…

Proctor, Enola K.; McMillen, Curtis; Haywood, Sally; Dore, Peter

2008-01-01

152

Columbia University to Open Network of International Collaborative-Research Centers  

Science.gov (United States)

In what university officials say represents a new approach to the internationalization of higher education, Columbia University is building a network of six to eight research institutes in capitals around the world. The Columbia Global Centers, as they are called, are designed for faculty members and students from various disciplines to…

Labi, Aisha

2009-01-01

153

Latest approaches of Kyoto protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently EURELECTRIC welcome the proposal of new EC Directive concerning the inclusion in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) of credits from the project mechanisms - Joint Implementation (JI) and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). The proposed Directive is an amendment to the EU Emissions Trading Directive adopted in June 2003. EURELECTRIC calls for unlimited use of credits in ETS. The draft Directive provides for the application of these mechanisms to begin as of 2008, on condition that the Kyoto Protocol does actually enter into force, an event which is still dependent on Russia's ratification. Such ratification has been subject to contradictory statements from the Russian Government, and the question of whether their signature to the Protocol is forthcoming is still fraught with uncertainty. Although it is not anticipated that significant quantities of JI or CDM certified credits will be available in the period 2005-2007, those that do become available would provide some additional liquidity in the emissions trading market. There is a direct relation between the coming ETS and electricity pricing: environmental policy is the driver, based on the need to switch to a low-carbon future and manage the necessary investments in a rational manner - and emissions trading is the best solution available. Romania has good opportunities to be involved in the greenhouse gases market, both in ETS and JI mechanisms. Some JI projects between Romanian and The Netherlands are already done or underway. (author)

2004-06-11

154

Integrating Student-Centered Learning in Finance Courses: The Case of a Malaysian Research University  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The student-centered learning (SCL) approach is an approach to education that focuses on learners and their needs, rather than relying upon the input of the teacher's. The present paper examines how the SCL approach is integrated as a learner-centered paradigm into finance courses offered at a business school in a research university in Malaysia. Specifically, this paper identifies how a learner-centered environment is integrated into teaching methods, learning activities and evaluation tools...

2013-01-01

155

Kyoto and the carbon content of trade  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A unilateral tax on CO2 emissions may drive up indirect carbon imports from non-committed countries, leading to carbon leakage. Using a gravity model of carbon trade, we analyze the effect of the Kyoto Protocol on the carbon content of bilateral trade. We construct a novel data set of CO2 emissions embodied in bilateral trade flows. Its panel structure allows dealing with endogenous selection of countries into the Protocol. We find strong statistical evidence for Kyoto commitments to affect c...

Aichele, Rahel; Felbermayr, Gabriel

2010-01-01

156

Kyoto and the Carbon Footprint of Nations  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A country?s carbon footprint refers to the CO2 emissions caused by domestic absorptionactivities. Trade in goods drives a wedge between the footprint and local emissions. Weprovide a panel database on carbon footprints and carbon net trade. Using a differencesin-differences IV estimation strategy, we evaluate the Kyoto Protocol?s effects on carbonfootprints and emissions. Instrumenting countries? Kyoto commitment by their participationin the International Criminal Co...

Aichele, Rahel; Felbermayr, Gabriel

2011-01-01

157

Center for Molecular Electronics, University of Missouri, St. Louis. Environmental Assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to authorize the University of Missouri, St. Louis to proceed with the detailed design and construction of the proposed Center for Molecular Electronics. The proposed Center would consist of laboratories and offices housed in a three-story building on the University campus. The proposed modular laboratories would be adaptable for research activities principally related to physics, chemistry, and electrical engineering. Proposed research would include the development and application of thin-film materials, semi-conductors, electronic sensors and devices, and high-performance polymers. Specific research for the proposed Center has not yet been formulated, therefore, specific procedures for any particular process or study cannot be described at this time. The proposed construction site is an uncontaminated panel of land located on the University campus. This report contains information about the environmental assessment that was performed in accordance with this project.

1994-06-01

158

Neutron and gamma-ray scattering at the University of Missouri Research Reactor Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The neutron and gamma-ray scattering facilities at the University of Missouri Research Reactor Center include six elastic and inelastic neutron scattering instruments currently in operation and three additional ones under construction. A gamma-ray diffraction and quasi-elastic spectrometer are also available. The Center has no formal user program, but encourages external collaborative work particularly that involves graduate student thesis research.

Rhyne, J.J. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States). Research Reactor Center

1995-12-31

159

Annual report of Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, for fiscal 1975  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Tandem Accelerator Center (TAC) is a research center of the University of Tsukuba established mainly for interdisciplinary research. Its principal apparatus is a 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator of which assembling was completed in fiscal 1975. Activities of the TAC for the period of April 1975 to March 1976 are reported: accelerator and beam transport system, general equipments, equipment development, and heavy-ion reactions. (Mori, K.)

1976-01-01

160

Annual report of Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, for fiscal 1976  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A research center of the University of Tsukuba, Tandem Accelerator Center (TAC) has a 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator as its principal apparatus; of which acceptance test was finished in July 1976. Activities of the TAC for the period of April 1976 to March 1977 are reported: accelerator and beam transport system, general equipments, equipment development, nuclear physics, chemistry, and biological and medical Science. (Mori, K.)

1977-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Ever-changing Space. Spatial Design Guidelines for Aalto University Learning Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis introduces spatial design guidelines for Aalto University Learning Center that could also be used as a platform for upgrading the existing facilities of the University. The work was driven by a vision of an ideal learning environment – a space that always meets the needs of its occupants and embraces constant transformation as an essential part of its nature. The concept of an “Ever-changing Space” was developed through observation, experimentation, and reflection. First...

Gryada, Valeria

2012-01-01

162

A University-based Forensics Training Center as a Regional Outreach, Education, and Research activity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes a university-based Forensics Training Center (FTC) established by a Department of Justice grant for the purpose of improving the ability of state and local law enforcement in the Southeastern part of the United States to address the rising incidence of computer based crime. The FTC effort is described along with supporting evidence of its need. The program is not only a service activity, but also contributes to the Mississippi State University (MSU) security program pedag...

Vaughn, Rayford B.; Dampier, David A.

2009-01-01

163

Klimadiplomatiets afveje i Kyoto-processen  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Operationaliseringen af de i 1992 i Rio indgåede forpligtelser i forhold til UNFCCC (FNs Rammekonventionom klimaforandringerne) blev siden COP3 i Kyoto under dominerende indflydelse af USAs forhandlere. Kritik af resultaterne kom allerede i 1998 fra den tyske regerings rådgivere i WGBU, men blev tilsidesat. Efter USAs vægring mod at ratificere Kyoto-aftalen burde cirkusset have standset for at undgå de huller, der viser sig f.eks. hvad angår international handel med skovbaserede brændsler, hvor regnskabet ikke går op. En Plan B ligesom den tidligere forhandler fra EU-side i Kyoto, Jørgen Henningsen, allerede foreslog i 2009 er stadigvæk nødvendig, hvor man fokuserer på enkelte sektorer og enes om reduktionsmåder af drivhusgasser.

Czeskleba-Dupont, Rolf

2014-01-01

164

Greenhouse Effect International Cooperation: Rethink Kyoto Protocol  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The greenhouse gas emission has the closed relation with the economic growth in the every country, therefore reducing the greenhouse gas emission level or decreasing its increasing speed affect the national economic growth. If developed countries take the unconcern of the developing countries as the reason, they didn’t adopt any measurements. If developing countries think the developed countries must be responsible for the climate change, they reject any action, also including Kyoto protocol. Every country governments lack national support so that the promise can’t be realized in the international negotiates. Whether Kyoto Protocol finally can formally become effective depends on the economy and sustainable development.

Longlong Guo

2009-06-01

165

The Influence of Lifestyle on Cardio-metabolic Risk in Students from Timisoara University Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study is a part of the activities in a cross border cooperation project that has proposed the management of obesity and cardiometabolic risk at students from Timisoara and Szeged university centres. The target group of Timisoara University Center was formed out of 600 students enrolled in the four major universities from Timisoara; target group students were questioned about their lifestyle and were evaluated anthropometric parameters, body composition and arterial stiffness; based on questionnaires was determine too the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and/or diabetes mellitus type II. Analysis of the results revealed the strong correlations between lifestyle and cardio-metabolic risk in these students.

Mihaela ORAVI?AN

2013-12-01

166

Obstacles and Solutions of Commercialization of University Research: Case Study of Small Businesses Development Center of University of Tehran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the entrepreneurship mission incorporated into the education and research missions of universities, their role in the economic and social development in societies has increased. Thus, subjects revolving around academic entrepreneurship and knowledge commercialization have drawn the attention of many researchers and politicians in different countries in the world. In Iran, too, the knowledge commercialization phenomenon is in its prime and is in its early stages of taking shape and development. Therefore, this paper aims to identify obstacles and solutions in the commercialization of university research in Iran. The qualitative research method has been used in the form of a case study. The research data collection tools consist of semi-structured interviews. As a compliment of data collection tools, some evidence and documents were also studies. The research statistical population includes all the individuals engaged in knowledge commercialization in the University of Tehran. Twenty six interviews were conducted before data saturation reached. The results of the qualitative research indicate that the organizational, environmental/institutional and internal university research commercialization impeding factors are critical obstacles in the Small Business Development Center (SBDC of the University of Tehran and policy makers should devise proper strategies in light of these factors.

Jahangir Yadolahi FARSI

2011-12-01

167

The changing face of academic health centers: a path forward for the University of Colorado Denver.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes a decade of major changes at an academic health center (AHC) and university. The authors describe two major changes undertaken at the University of Colorado and its AHC during the past 10 years and the effects of these changes on the organization as a whole. First, the AHC's four health professional schools and two partner hospitals were completely relocated from a space-limited urban campus to a closed Army base. The impact of that change and the management of its potential disruption of academic programs are discussed in detail. In the middle of this total relocation, the AHC campus was consolidated with a general academic campus within the University of Colorado system, compounding the challenge. The authors describe the strategies employed to implement this major consolidation, including changing the organizational structure and selecting the new name of the university--the University of Colorado Denver. PMID:18728441

Wilson, M Roy; Krugman, Richard D

2008-09-01

168

The Medical Library and Media Center of Keio University in Tokyo: report on a visit.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Medical Library and Media Center at Keio University in Tokyo offers many facilities to its users: access to medical information within a large catalog of monographs and journals, online searching and CD-ROM databases, and a dynamic interlibrary loan service. This article is a report of a professional visit to the library on September 30, 1993.

Accart, J. P.

1995-01-01

169

New library buildings: the University of Michigan Medical Library and Learning Resource Center.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The University of Michigan opened a new medical library in July 1980. The five-story structure combines the library with a learning-resources center. Overall, the building has operated smoothly and has been well accepted. The combining of two facilities designed to support the teaching and learning objectives of the health sciences curriculum will ensure long-term cooperation between them.

Wulff, L. Y.; Calhoun, J. G.

1984-01-01

170

An Evaluation of the Training Activities Provided by Videoconferencing in a University Hospital Center  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents the results of some research that was intended to evaluate the use of videoconferencing as a teaching and learning tool in the context of doctoral training in medicine at a Canadian university hospital center. The evaluation was conducted by identifying the factors that influence the training of students, their satisfaction…

Raffelini, Chiara

2006-01-01

171

Have the Presenting Problems of Clients at University Counseling Centers Increased in Severity?  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined changes in severity level for personal, vocational, and educational problems demonstrated by college students (between 1,444 and 1,575 each year) seen in a university counseling services center using intake records. Found that, when counselors spoke of severity of problems, they usually referred to personal problems. Data did not show…

Sharf, Richard S.

1989-01-01

172

Content Area Reading. Proceedings of the Reading Center Conference (West Virginia University, 1979).  

Science.gov (United States)

This collection contains the 30 papers presented at the 1979 Reading Center Conference on content area reading held at West Virginia University. The papers are presented under the following topics: aiding reading/thinking skills, reading in specific content areas, motivating extended reading, meeting student needs, and administering content area…

Fairbanks, Marilyn M., Ed.; And Others

173

The Kyoto protocol in a global perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

The global climate has changed notably since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gasses (GHG have increased dramatically followed by an increase in global average temperature. In order to avoid negative potential outcomes of global warming, countries have adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that has so far been ratified by 192 countries. In 1997 the Kyoto Protocol, a binding GHG reduction plan, was adopted and entered into force in 2005. But several countries, including the USA, have had doubts about the potential negative consequences of the planned 5% global joint reduction of GHG. However, studies generally show that on a macroeconomic level: (1 welfare loss in terms of GDP and lost growth in EU is low; (2 it differs among economies; and (3 permit trading and permit price (in either global or regional markets is highly correlated with the welfare loss. The main objective of the paper is to describe the attitudes and responses to the Kyoto Protocol from a global perspective. The paper has three objectives. First, to provide an overview of global greenhouse gas emissions and the big drivers behind these emissions. Second, to present where different countries, both developed and less developed countries, such as India, China and the countries of South-east Europe currently stand as regards their efforts to achieve the Kyoto Protocol requirements. Third, to analyse the responses and attitudes to the Kyoto Protocol from a country development perspective.

Matjaž Koman

2010-11-01

174

Setting the stage: Outcome from Kyoto  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The commitment of the upstream oil and gas industry to implement actions to help Canadians become more efficient in their use of energy was discussed. The goals of the Rio Framework convention revolved around achieving greenhouse gas emissions reductions in the least costly manner. The industrial sector responded to that challenge through voluntary efforts to reduce greenhouse gases. However, from an industry perspective, the VCR (voluntary challenge registry) performance was inconsistent. While the upstream oil and gas industry participated aggressively, other industrial sectors, particularly the transportation sector, failed to participate. Progress was too slow and too late. The Third Conference of the Parties in Kyoto, resulted in a binding commitment of between 20 and 25 per cent per annum reduction for Canada. Emissions trading among developed countries is also included in the Kyoto Protocols. The speaker considered the reduction commitment of 20 to 25 per cent for Canada unrealistic, and suggested that the Kyoto protocol may be flawed, if only because so many of the details have not been spelled out. The importance of the roles of the federal and provincial governments in enforcing their consultative processes was emphasized. In the view of this speaker and that of the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, the biggest disappointments coming out of Kyoto, was the failure to gain meaningful involvement from the developing world. A global effort to reduce emissions cannot be achieved without the participation of the developing countries

1998-02-02

175

Meteor Observation by the Kyoto Meteor Radar.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Kyoto Meteor Radar is a monostatic coherent pulsed Doppler radar operating on the frequency of 31.57 MH. The system is computer controlled and uses radio interferometry for echo height determination. The antenna, an improvement, can be directed either...

S. Kato T. Tsuda

1987-01-01

176

Kyoto: silver bullet or the great train robbery?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper addresses the controversies surrounding the Kyoto Protocol, arguably one of the most highly contested international environmental agreements ever. It addresses the issues: will Kyoto's provisions have a significant impact on global warming?, how should one view the current US position? what are the relative economic impacts of Kyoto if global warming is not a threat? 32 refs., 3 photos.

DeIuliis, N. [CONSOL Energy, Inc. (United States)

2004-05-01

177

EU CLIMATE POLICY FROM KYOTO TO DURBAN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The risks posed by climate change are real and its impacts are already taking place. The biggest challenge about climate change is that there is no one single answer, no one single solution. This characteristic, together with the long history of political frictions and disputes worsened by environmental stresses suggests that global climatic changes have the potential to exacerbate existing international tensions. On December 31, 2012, the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period will expire. Unless states agree to a second commitment period, requiring a further round of emissions cuts, the Protocol will no longer impose any quantitative limits on states' greenhouse gas emissions. Although, as a legal matter, the Protocol will continue in force, it will be a largely empty shell, doing little if anything to curb global warming. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol negotiations, which focused exclusively on developed country emissions, the ongoing negotiations on a post-2012 climate change regime have also addressed developing country mitigation actions, without which a solution to the climate change problem is impossible. This has made the current negotiations as much between developed and developing countries as between the U.S. and the European Union. Key issues include: Legal Form; Regulatory approach; and Differentiation. By the Durban conference in December 2011 the EU needs to decide whether - and how - it will sign-up to a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol. This article focuses on the European Union needs to decide whether – and – how it will sign- up a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol. Because asking, whether others will act is the wrong question. The real question is whether signing- up to some form of second Kyoto commitment period will support Europe’s fundamental interests.

ELENA ANDREEVSKA

2012-05-01

178

Present status of the accelerator in Research Center for Electron Photon Science, Tohoku University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Research Center for Electron Photon Science was reorganized from Laboratory of Nuclear Science (LNS) at Tomizawa Campus of the Tohoku University in December 2009. The main purpose of this research center is Accelerator Science /Beam physics, Nuclear Physics and Materials Science with Radioisotopes. The center carried on all these electron accelerators from LNS. Moreover, the THz light source program has begun to attract the great attention. Such impressive advances have been supported by advanced developments of beam-delivery and accelerator technologies and by maintenance works for high-reliability operation. The report describes the status of the accelerators and the development of accelerator technologies for the Research Center for Electron Photon Science. (author)

2010-08-04

179

CMB anisotropies seen by an off-center observer in a spherically symmetric inhomogeneous universe  

CERN Document Server

The current authors have previously shown that inhomogeneous, but spherically symmetric universe models containing only matter can yield a very good fit to the SNIa data and the position of the first CMB peak. In this work we examine how far away from the center of inhomogeneity the observer can be located in these models and still fit the data well. Furthermore, we investigate whether such an off-center location can explain the observed alignment of the lowest multipoles of the CMB map. We find that the observer has to be located within a radius of 15 Mpc from the center for the induced dipole to be less than that observed by the COBE satellite. But for such small displacements from the center, the induced quadru- and octopoles turn out to be insufficiently large to explain the alignment.

Alnes, H; Alnes, Havard; Amarzguioui, Morad

2006-01-01

180

CMB anisotropies seen by an off-center observer in a spherically symmetric inhomogeneous universe  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The current authors have previously shown that inhomogeneous, but spherically symmetric universe models containing only matter can yield a very good fit to the SNIa data and the position of the first cosmic microwave background (CMB) peak. In this work we examine how far away from the center of inhomogeneity the observer can be located in these models and still fit the data well. Furthermore, we investigate whether such an off-center location can explain the observed alignment of the lowest multipoles of the CMB map. We find that the observer has to be located within a radius of ?15 Mpc from the center for the induced dipole to be less than that observed by the COBE satellite. But for such small displacements from the center, the induced quadru- and octopoles turn out to be insufficiently large to explain the alignment

2006-11-15

 
 
 
 
181

Die Ärztliche Zentralbibliothek des Universitätsklinikums Hamburg-Eppendorf / The Medical Library of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article introduces the Medical Library of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf. Firstly, history, role and status of the library within the University Medical Center are illustrated, followed by a description of the library’s facilities and services. Finally, recent projects are presented as well as a selection of key figures.

Kintzel, Melanie

2009-12-01

182

Center for plant and microbial complex carbohydrates at the University of Georgia Complex Carbohydrate Research Center. Annual report, September 15, 1990--December 31, 1991.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research from the Complex Carbohydrates Research Center at the University of Georgia is presented. Topics include: Structural determination of soybean isoflavones which specifically induce Bradyrhizobium japonicum nodD1 but not the nodYABCSUIJ operon; str...

P. Albersheim A. Darvill

1991-01-01

183

Sports hernia: the experience of Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Groin injuries in high-performance athletes are common, occurring in 5% to 28% of athletes. Athletic pubalgia syndrome, or so-called sports hernia, is one such injury that can be debilitating and sport ending in some athletes. It is a clinical diagnosis of chronic, painful musculotendinous injury to the medial inguinal floor occurring with athletic activity. Over the past 12 years, we have operated on >100 patients with this injury at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas. These patients...

Preskitt, John T.

2011-01-01

184

An Epidemiological Study of Hyperhidrosis Patients Visiting the Ajou University Hospital Hyperhidrosis Center in Korea  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Hyperhidrosis is a disorder of perspiration in excess of the body's physiologic need and significantly impacts one's occupational, physical, emotional, and social life. The purpose of our study was to investigate the characteristics of primary hyperhidrosis in 255 patients at Ajou University Hospital Hyperhidrosis Center from March 2006, to February 2008. Information collected from the medical records was: sex, sites of hyperhidrosis, age at visit, age of onset, aggravating factors, hyperhidr...

Park, Eun Jung; Han, Kyung Ream; Choi, Ho; Kim, Do Wan; Kim, Chan

2010-01-01

185

Prevalence of hospital-acquired infections in the university medical center of Rabat, Morocco  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The aims of this study were to determine the hospital-acquired infections (HAI) prevalence in all institutions of Rabat University Medical Center, to ascertain risk factors, to describe the pathogens associated with HAI and their susceptibility profile to antibiotics. Materials and methods Point-prevalence survey in January 2010 concerning all patients who had been in the hospital for at least 48 hours. At bedside, 27 investigators filled a s...

Razine Rachid; Azzouzi Abderrahim; Barkat Amina; Khoudri Ibtissam; Hassouni Fadil; Chefchaouni Almontacer; Abouqal Redouane

2012-01-01

186

Mushroom poisonings reported to the Dokuz Eylul University drug and poison information center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: Poisonings concerning mushrooms that were reported to Dokuz Eylul University Drug and Poison Information Center (DPIC) between 1993 and 2006 were analyzed.Methods: Age, sex, mushroom type, route and reason for the poisoning, clinical effects and outcome of the poisoned patients were recorded on standard data forms, then entered into a computerized database program. Results: Mushroom ingestions accounted 1.2 % (799 cases of 65,176) of all poisonings were reported to DPIC. More than ...

2010-01-01

187

A universal scaling of planar fault energy barriers in face-centered cubic metals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Minimum energy paths for generating intrinsic, extrinsic and twin planar faults were calculated for a number of face-centered cubic (fcc) metals via ab initio techniques. It is found that when the lattice is faulted sequentially, the interaction with the existing fault tends to remain minimal for nearly all the fcc metals. Accordingly, a universal scaling law may be deduced based on a single parameter, namely the ratio between the intrinsic stacking fault energy and the relevant energy barrier.

Jin, Z. H.; Dunham, S. T.; Gleiter, H.; Hahn, H.; Gumbsch, P.

2011-01-01

188

The new library building at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The new University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Library opened in June 1983, replacing the 1968 library building. Planning a new library building provides an opportunity for the staff to rethink their philosophy of service. Of paramount concern and importance is the need to convey this philosophy to the architects. This paper describes the planning process and the building's external features, interior layouts, and accommodations for technology. Details of the move to the bui...

1985-01-01

189

The Kyoto Protocol Is Cost-effective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Despite recent advances, there is a high degree of uncertainty concerning the climate change that would result from increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. Also, opponents of the Kyoto Protocol raised the key objection that reducing emissions would impose an unacceptable economic burden on businesses and consumers. Based on an analysis of alternative scenarios for electricity generation in Italy, we show that if the costs in terms of damage to human health, material goods, agriculture, and the environment caused by greenhouse gas emissions are included in the balance, the economic argument against Kyoto is untenable. Most importantly, the argument holds true even if we exclude global external costs (those due to global warming, and account for local external costs only (such as those due to acidic precipitation and lung diseases resulting from air pollution.

Giulio A. De Leo

2002-06-01

190

Kyoto protocol and Nepal's energy sector  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nepal has recently ratified Kyoto Protocol, which considers justifiable use of resources to limit or reduce the emission of gases that contribute to green house gas inventory in the atmosphere. Nepal's per capita green gas (GHG) emission from energy use is insignificant. However, it is important for Nepal to adopt environmentally friendly energy options based on local resources like hydropower and biomass. Nepal can benefit from the provisions of clean development mechanism (CDM) under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) or carbon funds being promoted by various organizations in order to obtain funding for new projects that reduce GHG emissions (ER). Funding can be generated through Carbon trading in international market as well. In this paper, the country's current contribution to GHG due to energy consumption is evaluated. Options for promoting more sustainable and environmentally friendly projects have also been discussed

2007-04-01

191

State University of New York Health Science Center at Syracuse Leasing Practices. Report No. 95-S-80.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document presents results of an audit of the leasing practices of the State University of New York (SUNY) Health Science Center at Syracuse covering the period April 1, 1993 through June 30, 1995. The audit investigated whether the Center and the Center's Clinical Practice Management Plan members engage in appropriate and economic leasing…

New York State Office of the Comptroller, Albany.

192

NAFTA's shadow hangs over Kyoto's implementation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Canadian government recently stated that it will not meet its Kyoto targets by the end of the first period in 2012, and instead proposed a twofold solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The solutions involve the development of a Clean Air Act that will seek a 50 per cent reduction in emissions by 2050; and, participation in negotiations to determine the next steps for the Kyoto Protocol, post-2012. It was noted that as a ratified member of the Kyoto Protocol, Canada is still legally obligated to achieve its reduction requirements. However, as a co-signatory of the North American Free-Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canada may be impeded from introducing and maintaining GHG reducing initiative since there are elements of NAFTA which may be used to block efforts that are considered discriminatory to trade. Chapter 11 of NAFTA assigns rights to Canadian, American and Mexican private investors to promote investment, ensure equal treatment and protect their investments against discrimination by NAFTA governments other than their own. These rights may challenge independent action by member states to reduce environmental risks. The authors emphasized that in order to avoid the possibility of legal challenges through Chapter 11 of NAFTA, it is important for the Canadian government to address various aspects of the flexibility mechanisms in the Kyoto Protocol. Three of these mechanisms were designed to reduce the financial burden and technological capacity issues associated with mitigating GHG emissions. These include emissions trading system, clean development mechanism, and joint implementation. The authors presented some policy recommendations to avoid future conflict. 26 refs

2007-09-01

193

Emission trading under the Kyoto Protocol  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

On 11 December 1997, delegates to the third conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change agreed upon the Kyoto Protocol. The protocol sets binding emission targets for developed nations (Annex B countries). The Protocol states that Annex B countries may participate in emission trading. The rules for emission trading are to be discussed at the fourth Conference of the Parties in November 1998. differentiation of targets among countries, but not in any systematic...

Holtsmark, Bjart; Hagem, Cathrine

2003-01-01

194

The Kyoto protocol in a global perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The global climate has changed notably since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gasses (GHG) have increased dramatically followed by an increase in global average temperature. In order to avoid negative potential outcomes of global warming, countries have adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that has so far been ratified by 192 countries. In 1997 the Kyoto Protocol, a binding GHG reduction plan, was adopted ...

Andreja Cirman; Polona Domadenik; Matjaž Koman; Tjaša Redek

2009-01-01

195

Jackson State University's Center for Spatial Data Research and Applications: New facilities and new paradigms  

Science.gov (United States)

Jackson State University recently established the Center for Spatial Data Research and Applications, a Geographical Information System (GIS) and remote sensing laboratory. Taking advantage of new technologies and new directions in the spatial (geographic) sciences, JSU is building a Center of Excellence in Spatial Data Management. New opportunities for research, applications, and employment are emerging. GIS requires fundamental shifts and new demands in traditional computer science and geographic training. The Center is not merely another computer lab but is one setting the pace in a new applied frontier. GIS and its associated technologies are discussed. The Center's facilities are described. An ARC/INFO GIS runs on a Vax mainframe, with numerous workstations. Image processing packages include ELAS, LIPS, VICAR, and ERDAS. A host of hardware and software peripheral are used in support. Numerous projects are underway, such as the construction of a Gulf of Mexico environmental data base, development of AI in image processing, a land use dynamics study of metropolitan Jackson, and others. A new academic interdisciplinary program in Spatial Data Management is under development, combining courses in Geography and Computer Science. The broad range of JSU's GIS and remote sensing activities is addressed. The impacts on changing paradigms in the university and in the professional world conclude the discussion.

Davis, Bruce E.; Elliot, Gregory

1989-01-01

196

Center for Nuclear Medicine Research in Alzheimer`s Disease Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University. Environmental Assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Environmental Assessment (EA) of the Center for Nuclear Medicine Research in Alzheimer`s Disease (CNMR) at the Health Sciences Center, at West Virginia University in Morgantown, West Virginia for the construction and operation was prepared by DOE. The EA documents analysis of the environmental and socioeconomic impacts that might occur as a result of these actions, and characterizes potential impacts on the environment. In the EA, DOE presents its evaluation of potential impacts of construction and operation of the CNMR on health and safety of both workers and the public, as well as on the external environment. Construction impacts include the effects of erosion, waste disposal, air emissions, noise, and construction traffic and parking. Operational impacts include the effects of waste generation (domestic, sanitary, hazardous, medical/biological, radioactive and mixed wastes), radiation exposures, air emissions (radioactive, criteria, and air toxics), noise, and new workers. No sensitive resources (wetlands, special sources of groundwater, protected species) exist in the area of project effect.

1994-04-01

197

The Physics Learning Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison  

Science.gov (United States)

The Physics Learning Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison provides academic support and small-group supplemental instruction to students studying introductory algebra-based and calculus-based physics. These classes are gateway courses for majors in the biological and physical sciences, pre-health fields, engineering, and secondary science education. The Physics Learning Center offers supplemental instruction groups twice weekly where students can discuss concepts and practice with problem-solving techniques. The Center also provides students with access on-line resources that stress conceptual understanding, and to exam review sessions. Participants in our program include returning adults, people from historically underrepresented racial/ethnic groups, students from families in lower-income circumstances, students in the first generation of their family to attend college, transfer students, veterans, and people with disabilities, all of whom might feel isolated in their large introductory course and thus have a more difficult time finding study partners. We also work with students potentially at-risk for having academic difficulty (due to factors academic probation, weak math background, low first exam score, or no high school physics). A second mission of the Physics Learning Center is to provide teacher training and leadership experience for undergraduate Peer Mentor Tutors. These Peer Tutors lead the majority of the weekly group sessions in close supervision by PLC staff members. We will describe our work to support students in the Physics Learning Center, including our teacher-training program for our undergraduate Peer Mentor Tutors

Nossal, S. M.; Watson, L. E.; Hooper, E.; Huesmann, A.; Schenker, B.; Timbie, P.; Rzchowski, M.

2013-03-01

198

Digital Forensics and Cyber Security Center at the University of Rhode Island  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at the University of Rhode Island, the Digital Forensics and Cyber Security Center (DFCSC) "supports state, national, and international public welfare through education, research, training, and service in forensic investigations and securing information systems." The website provides access to news from the fields of digital forensics and cyber security, along with working papers, materials on ongoing research projects, and academic programs. In the "Resources" area, visitors can look over information from the Department of Homeland Security, along with a collection of free cyber security tools. In the "Academics" area, visitors can learn about the Center's academic degree and certificate programs. Finally, the "Research" area contains their technical reports and student theses on a diverse set of topics.

2012-06-15

199

Ambulatory Research and Education Center Oregon Health Science University. Environmental Assesment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-0921) evaluating the proposed construction and operation of the Ambulatory Research and Education Center (AREC), which would be located on the top seven floors of the existing NeuroSensory Research Center (NRC) on the campus of the Oregon Health Sciences University (OHSU) at Portland, Oregon. The proposed action would combine activities scattered across the campus into a central facility. Based on the analysis in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969, 42 USC 4321 et seq. Therefore, an environmental impact statement (EIS) is not required and the Department is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

1994-03-21

200

Present status of the accelerator in Research Center for Electron Photon Science, Tohoku University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Research Center for Electron Photon Science (RCEPS) was established in December 2009 in the Mikamine Campus of the Tohoku University as an Electron Photon Science User Facility. The center carried on all electron accelerators from Laboratory of Nuclear Science (LNS). Such impressive advances have been supported by advanced developments of beam-delivery and accelerator technologies and by maintenance works for high-reliability operation. Furthermore, it was authorized as a base research facility of the national collaboration use from 1 April 2011 by Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. However, the accelerators ware serious damaged by the 11 March 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake. We had no effect of tsunami and no one was injured. It is predicted, unfortunately, that a considerably long period would be required until the accelerators could resume operations. The report describes the status of the accelerators and recovery of the damaged accelerators for RCEPS. (author)

2011-08-01

 
 
 
 
201

Introductory Astronomy Student-Centered Active Learning at the George Washington University  

Science.gov (United States)

The Physics Department at the George Washington University has been successfully using student-centered active learning (SCALE-UP) in physics classes since 2008. Recently (since fall 2011), we have been developing and implementing introductory (non-majors) astronomy classes taught in the student-centered active learning mode. Class time is devoted to engaging in hands-on activities and laboratories and tackling questions and problems in a workbook. Students work in small groups, and multiple instructors circulate to answer questions and engage students in the material. Research has shown that students who are engaged in this manner have an increased conceptual understanding of the material. In developing our “Stars, Planets and Life” course into an interactive class, we encountered many challenges, but there have also been positive outcomes. Improvements to this class are ongoing, and in fall of 2013 we will begin full implementation of SCALE-UP in our “Introduction to the Cosmos” course.

Cobb, B. E.

2014-07-01

202

Report Exposes Flaws and Fraud in Kyoto'  

... Haya notes that many carbon market insiders will privately admit that CDM project applications are rife with deceptions and manipulation. “What will be the impact on the credibility of the CDM, and the Kyoto Protocol in general when word leaks out of the [conference] hallways?” asks Haya. “How wise is it for the main mechanism supporting climate change mitigation in developing countries to be standing on a foundation of lies?” The CDM is the main global carbon trading vehicle. Its credits are expected to be widely used ...

203

Meteor wind observation at Kyoto Station  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Meteor wind observation at Kyoto Station has now collected a fairly large amount of data enough to enable to know the basic dynamic state at meteor heights over the station. Tidal and prevailing winds have been detected and their behavior seems now well understood on daily and seasonal basis. A comparison with observations at other stations suggests classical tidal theory to be relevant to explain the average state. Deviations from the mean present problems on the existence of various causes including hydromagnetic effects. Gravity waves would be an interesting subject in future study. (author)

1979-11-01

204

The road from Kyoto commitments to compliance  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A World Bank/Swiss financed study-series assist various EIT (countries with an economy in transition) and Non-annex 1 countries in developing their national strategies for climate change, in particular the participation in programs using the three flexible instruments foreseen by the Kyoto Protocol (KP): JI (Art.6), CDM (Art.12) and ET (Art.17). National expert teams cooperated with international advisory experts, supervised by a steering Committee. The paper discusses key problems expected on the long road from the KP (1997) to compliance with the KP commitments in the period 2008-2012. (Author)

Mauch, Samuel P. [Mauch Consulting, Oberlunkhofen (Germany); Stokar, Thomas von; North, Nicole [INFRAS, Zurich (Switzerland)

1999-07-01

205

Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance Report Number TA-77-13, West Virginia University Medical Center, Morgantown, West Virginia.  

Science.gov (United States)

In response to a request made by the Director of the Operating Room of the West Virginia University Medical Center School of Medicine, personnel of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) performed environmental evaluations to de...

S. W. Lenhart

1980-01-01

206

The Doreen B. Townsend Center for the Humanities at the University of Berkeley  

Science.gov (United States)

Located at the University of Berkeley and established in 1987, the Doreen B. Townsend Center "is distinguished by its broad definition of the humanities and its energetic reaching out to different sectors within the campus and the larger public." Visitors interested in the important mission of this Center will find information on the site about the various fellowships, public programs, and publications that support these endeavors. The site includes a strong section of online humanities resources for persons looking for funding opportunities, either for dissertation work or those foundations and organizations that actively support the humanities. The publication section is particularly strong, as visitors can view the Townsend Center's newsletter, peruse its online magazine (titled Framing the Questions), or browse the published proceedings of various events sponsored by the Center. These proceedings contain some real gems, such as The Novel in Africa by J.M. Coetzee, Sounding Lines: The Art of Translating Poetry (a conversation between Seamus Heaney and Robert Haas), and Michael Pollan's musings on The Botany of Desire.

207

A new apparatus at hyper irradiation research facility at the Atomic Research Center, University of Tokyo  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the hyper irradiation research facility at the Atomic Research Center, the University of Tokyo, following apparatuses were newly installed for accelerator relating apparatus on 1995 fiscal year; (1) Hyper ion microbeam analysis apparatus, (2) Fourier conversion infrared microscopy, (3) Pico second two-dimensional fluorescence measuring apparatus, (4) Femto second wave-length reversible pulse laser radiation apparatus, and others. In addition to double irradiation, pulse beam irradiation experiment and so forth characteristic in conventional hyper irradiation research apparatus, upgrading of material irradiation experiments using these new apparatuses are intended. (G.K.)

Shibata, Hiromi; Iwai, Takeo; Narui, Makoto; Omata, Takao [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Research Center for Nuclear Science and Technology

1996-12-01

208

The neutron therapy facility at the University of Pennsylvania-Fox Chase Cancer Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The fusion of deuterium and tritium nuclei results in the formation of a helium-4 nucleus and a 14 MEV neutron. This reaction readily takes place when deuterium and tritium ions are accelerated to potentials between 150-200 kV. These energy ions can be obtained in a moderate size accelerator. A DT neutron facility has been installed in the radiation therapy department of the University of Pennsylvania Hospital-Fox Chase Cancer Center. The system is being commissioned in a hospital setting to test the efficacy of fast neutron radiotherapy

1983-01-01

209

The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Chemistry Learning Center's online demonstrations  

Science.gov (United States)

Observing chemical experiments is always helpful when learning difficult chemical concepts. The Chemistry Learning Center at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign makes it easier to view experiments without having to actually use chemicals. Utilizing Windows Media Player and QuickTime, the online lecture demonstrations cover a variety of chemistry topics including the combustion of methanol, the electrolysis of water, and the reaction of aluminum with bromine. To better understand the videos, students and educators can find short explanations of what they will observe.

210

Center for Space Telemetering and Telecommunications Systems, New Mexico State University  

Science.gov (United States)

This viewgraph presentation gives an overview of the Center for Space Telemetering and Telecommunications Systems activities at New Mexico State University. Presentations cover the following topics: (1) small satellite communications, including nanosatellite radio and virtual satellite development; (2) modulation and detection studies, including details on smooth phase interpolated keying (SPIK) spectra and highlights of an adaptive turbo multiuser detector; (3) decoupled approaches to nonlinear ISI compensation; (4) space internet testing; (4) optical communication; (5) Linux-based receiver for lightweight optical communications without a laser in space, including software design, performance analysis, and the receiver algorithm; (6) carrier tracking hardware; and (7) subband transforms for adaptive direct sequence spread spectrum receivers.

Horan, Stephen; DeLeon, Phillip; Borah, Deva; Lyman, Ray

2002-01-01

211

Kyoto protocol: at last the agreement has been reached; Protocole de Kyoto: un accord enfin conclu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

After more than 3 years of negotiations, 180 countries agreed at Bonn on the application of the Kyoto protocol to fight the climatic warming. The main aspects of this agreement are discussed: the carbon wells, the tools of the pollution control for the developed countries and the financial help to the developing countries. (A.L.B.)

NONE

2001-07-01

212

Negotiated covenants : doing business under Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

TransAlta Utility Corporation is Canada's largest private sector electrical utility operating in Alberta, Ontario, United States, Mexico and Australia. Each of these jurisdictions has a different climate change regime under the Kyoto Protocol. TransAlta generates electricity from coal, natural gas, hydro, wind and geothermal energy. The utility was involved in the early planning stages of emissions trading and clean coal technology. It has carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) offset projects in North and Latin America, Africa and Asia. The impact of the Kyoto Protocol on the Canadian thermal electricity sector and petrochemicals was discussed with reference to business risks, fuel switching, price interdependency, and the events that lead to covenants. A covenant is a new way to design and execute environmental policy. It is a legally binding negotiated agreement between a company and government. Both parties are obligated to deliver, otherwise they are subjected to penalties for non-compliance. The covenant issues facing Alberta and Canada include huge policy uncertainties, allocation issues between sectors and provinces, definition issues between industry and governments, competitiveness issues, the role of international credits, and carbon accounting.

Page, B. [Transalta Utilities Corp., Calgary, AB (Canada)

2003-07-01

213

Employee Communication at a University-Based R & D Center: An Analysis Using Grunig's Theory of Communication Behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

About 80% of the 282 employees at a university-based educational research and development center completed questionnaires based on J.E. Grunig's theory of communication behavior in a study to define communication types, discover communication patterns, and make recommendations for improving the center's communication program. Grunig's theory…

Schneider, Larissa J.

214

73 FR 33834 - Notice Designating the University of Rhode Island as a DHS Center of Excellence for Explosives...  

Science.gov (United States)

...The criteria for designation for this new Center of Excellence (COE) for Explosives Detection Mitigation and Response...Education Lead Institution for the Explosives Detection Mitigation and Response Center...University (the Research Lead), New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology...and transformational research and on explosives-related issues including......

2008-06-13

215

Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity: University of Michigan Addiction Research Center (UMARC): Development, Evolution, and Direction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A historical summary is provided of the evolution of the University of Michigan Addiction Research Center (UMARC) since its origins in 1988. Begun as an NIH research center within a Department of Psychiatry and focused solely on alcohol and aging, early work emphasized treatment efficacy, differential outcome studies, and characterization of the neurophysiological and behavioral manifestations of chronic alcoholism.

Zucker, Robert A.

2010-01-01

216

The birth of the RCMI Clinical Research Center is a joint venture of the University of Hawaii and Kapiolani Health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hawaii established a Clinical Research Center with collaboration from the University of Hawaii Pacific Biomedical Research Center, the John A. Burns School of Medicine and Kapiolani Health via a five year award from the Research Centers in Minority Institutions of the National Institutes of Health. Support offered includes consultative services for protocol design; epidemiological and biostatistical analysis; design of study forms; and data and specimen collection and analysis. PMID:9149491

Trockman, C; Pelke, S; Skidmore, H; Greenwood, F; Easa, D

1997-04-01

217

Challenges for Study Centers in an Electronic Age: A case study of the Center for Distance Education at Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg in Germany  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports on developments in study centers in Germany and in particular the experience of the Center for Distance Education at Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg. Emphasis in this paper has been placed on the challenges faced by German universities in the electronic age, which in its early stages began in 1995. The purpose of this paper is to ground the establishment of open and distance study centres vis-à-vis the unique cultural and institutional circumstances characteristic of Germany and its institutions of higher education.

Ulrich Bernath

2003-04-01

218

The University of Maine's Advanced Manufacturing Center: Lessons Learned During the First Two Years of Operation  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Maine's College of Engineering has created an Advanced Manufacturing Center with a student-oriented mission. This center provides a distinctive engineering approach to solving manufacturing problems and gives Engineering Technology students hands-on experience working on engineering and manufacturing projects. With much of the centers work coming from off-campus businesses; the students gain practical experience with client communication, teamwork, business and project management and presentations in addition to technical skills. The program provides a paid internship opportunity for undergraduate students to gain skills in machining, manufacturing processes and fabrication by being involved in these projects. Students usually start by fabricating parts under supervision, move on to training and supervising other students and by the time they're seniors, they will likely be running projects on their own. The objective is to graduate students who have an entrepreneurial vision, combined with experience on industrial machining and fabricating equipment acquired through involvement in this unique experience of an on-campus internship in a real workplace environment. The paper will discuss the experiences and lessons learned in the first two years of operation with dozens of students participating and hundreds of projects being completed.

Christensen, Thomas E.; Dunning, Scott C.

2009-08-04

219

Rams Head Center : an innovative vegetative roof plaza at the University of North Carolina  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A newly constructed vegetative roof plaza on the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill campus serves as a link between 2 sides of the campus. The multi-use Rams Head Center is a green roof plaza constructed over a large parking garage. As part of the campus's expansion plans, the University set rigorous environmental goals, such as balancing growth with preservation of natural drainage systems; managing stormwater as an opportunity instead of a problem; managing total stormwater volume on-site; enhancing and protecting the water quality of streams; and, reinforcing the University as a role model. During large storms, the entire green roof system discharges into a bioswale, a stormwater infiltration bed, and a recreated stream segment. The 40,000 square foot green roof plaza includes a 56,000 gallon cistern and a permanent water storage zone under the planting soil to support trees and shrubs. Visual stormwater connections and signs are placed to raise community awareness of water resource issues. This paper reviewed the basic design principles for the remainder of non-cistern areas of the green roof. Issues regarding landscape design, seasonal operation and maintenance were also discussed. 7 refs., 14 figs.

Adams, M.; Potts, A. [Cahill Associates Inc., West Chester, PA (United States)

2006-07-01

220

Global post-Kyoto scenario analyses at PSI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Scenario analyses are described here using the Global MARKAL-Macro Trade (GMMT) model to study the economic implications of the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Convention on Climate change. Some conclusions are derived in terms of efficient implementations of the post-Kyoto extensions of the Protocol. (author) 2 figs., 5 refs.

Kypreos, S. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)

1999-08-01

 
 
 
 
221

The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Facility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC), in partnership with Sanders Morris Harris Inc., a Texas-based investment banking firm, and The Styles Company, a developer and manager of hospitals and healthcare facilities, is building a proton therapy facility near the MDACC main complex at the Texas Medical Center in Houston, Texas USA. The MDACC Proton Therapy Center will be a freestanding, investor-owned radiation oncology center offering state-of-the-art proton beam therapy. The facility will have four treatment rooms: three rooms will have rotating, isocentric gantries and the fourth treatment room will have capabilities for both large and small field (e.g. ocular melanoma) treatments using horizontal beam lines. There will be an additional horizontal beam room dedicated to physics research and development, radiation biology research, and outside users who wish to conduct experiments using proton beams. The first two gantries will each be initially equipped with a passive scattering nozzle while the third gantry will have a magnetically swept pencil beam scanning nozzle. The latter will include enhancements to the treatment control system that will allow for the delivery of proton intensity modulation treatments. The proton accelerator will be a 250 MeV zero-gradient synchrotron with a slow extraction system. The facility is expected to open for patient treatments in the autumn of 2005. It is anticipated that 675 patients will be treated during the first full year of operation, while full capacity, reached in the fifth year of operation, will be approximately 3,400 patients per year. Treatments will be given up to 2-shifts per day and 6 days per week

2003-08-26

222

Kyoto commitments: CHP will help the UK  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to meet the United Kingdom's targets for carbon dioxide emissions reduction, agreed at the Kyoto Summit, the UK Government is promoting the use of combined heat and power (CHP) plants. Such schemes need to offer over 70% efficiency, have on-site or nearby heat uses, and allow flexibility for the export of electricity where this is appropriate. Electricity trading arrangements will need to be re-organised in line with similar commodities, in order to facilitate and promote the growth of CHP and renewable energy schemes. Financial incentives and regulation of electricity prices will also contribute to the promotion of CHP schemes, ultimately leading to reduced CO2 pollution as a result of the growth in the UK's CHP capacity. (UK)

1998-12-01

223

Meteor observation by the Kyoto meteor radar  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto Meteor Radar is a monostatic coherent pulsed Doppler radar operating on the frequency of 31.57 MH. The system is computer controlled and uses radio interferometry for echo height determination. The antenna, an improvement, can be directed either to the north or the east. The system has been continuously collecting data on winds at meteor heights by radar observation. The meteor echo rate was also measured, the echo rate distribution with height and the daily variation in height integrated echo rate are discussed. Investigations of atmospheric tides are being pursued by cooperative observations. A novel approach to the study of gravity waves was attempted using the meteor radar which is able to detect the horizontal propagation of the waves by observing the changing phase through the region illuminated by the radar

1987-08-01

224

Trading carbon emissions and the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Emissions trading was included in the Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change at the insistence of the United States with the objective of reducing the cost of controlling greenhouse gas emissions by introducing flexibility. The paper explains the concept of emission trading and mentions the related experience of the mechanism in trading SO{sub 2} in the USA. The net result of emission trading and the other flexibility mechanisms of joint implementation and the clean development mechanism should be the creation of a global market in greenhouse gas emissions. The commodities created by the mechanisms will be denominated in tonnes of carbon dioxide and could lead to billions of dollars of international trade. However, without stringent rules the emissions targets of the Protocol could be undermined through trading loopholes and creative accounting. 3 photos.

Sorrell, S. [University of Sussex, Brighton (United Kingdom). Science and Technology Policy Research

1999-10-01

225

Kyoto discord: who bears the cost?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since 1990, Canada's greenhouse gas emissions are up 20 per cent, meaning that Canada must reduce its emissions by 30 per cent between 2005 and 2010 to meet its commitment under the Kyoto Protocol. Ottawa has indicated that no one sector of the economy should bear the burden of this adjustment. The energy production sector accounts for almost 40 per cent of all greenhouse gas emissions. Our per capita emissions have risen 50 per cent faster than emissions in the United States. The authors compared our situation to that of Europe, where only a 5 per cent reduction is required, which can be explained by high taxes on energy users, and the closure of obsolete East German capacity which led to reductions of 100 million tonne in carbon dioxide emissions. Transportation is the second largest generator of greenhouse gas emissions with approximately 16 per cent. A quick overview of the energy sector was provided, touching on topics such as electric power generation, including coal-fired electrical production, and tar sands with its increasing importance to Canada's economy. Ottawa has released a plan in October 2002, where it indicates that industrial emitters will be required to cut 80 million tonnes through investments in more efficient technology. Tighter vehicle fuel and home insulation standards would account for 35 to 40 million tonnes of reduction, and 40 million tonnes would come from agriculture and forest management. It means there is a 60 million shortfall, and the tar sands industry will more than likely have to adjust, raising investor uncertainty over further development in that area. Climate change is unlikely to be modified by meeting the objectives of the Kyoto Protocol. The authors questioned whether the government shouldn't instead devote its resources to addressing the actual impact of climate change. 9 figs

2002-11-20

226

Building Bob: A Project Exploring the Human Body at Western Illinois University Preschool Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available When the children at Western Illinois University Preschool Center embarked on a study of human bodies, they decided to build a life-size model of a body, organ by organ from the inside out, to represent some of the things they were learning. This article describes the building of "Bob," the human body model, highlighting the children's problem solving at various points in the construction process. The article also explains other activities that the class engaged in during the three phases of project work. The project culminated in the creation of a classroom book, written and illustrated by all of the children, which could be shared with families and visitors to the classroom.

Scott Brouette

2008-01-01

227

Annual report 1992 of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report includes the research activities and the technical developments carried out at the Tandem Accelerator Center in University of Tsukuba for the period from April 1992 to March 1993. New experimental investigations were made on (1) nuclear spectroscopy was initiated by a new ? ray spectrometer; (2) polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions; (3) the application of energetic heavy ions to solid state physics; (4) the behavior of self interstitial atoms and its migration mechanism in Mo metal (5) the studies on electronic conduction of metal oxides and bronzes by NMR; (6) Moessbauer studies on Fe-Cr alloy and the RBS analysis of YBCO superconductor films; and (7) a new field was challenged on the micro cluster physics. Nuclear collective motion and the relativistic mean-field theory is also included in this report. (J.P.N.)

1993-01-01

228

The supernova Hubble diagram for off-center observers in a spherically symmetric inhomogeneous universe  

CERN Multimedia

We have previously shown that spherically symmetric, inhomogeneous universe models can explain both the supernova data and the location of the first peak in the CMB spectrum without resorting to dark energy. In this work, we investigate whether it is possible to get an even better fit to the supernova data by allowing the observer to be positioned away from the origin in the spherically symmetric coordinate system. In such a scenario, the observer sees an anisotropic relation between redshifts and the luminosity distances of supernovae. The level of anisotropy allowed by the data will then constrain how far away from the origin the observer can be located, and possibly even allow for a better fit. Our analysis shows that the fit is indeed improved, but not by a significant amount. Furthermore, it shows that the supernova data do not place a rigorous constraint on how far off-center the observer can be located.

Alnes, H; Alnes, Havard; Amarzguioui, Morad

2006-01-01

229

Supernova Hubble diagram for off-center observers in a spherically symmetric inhomogeneous universe  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have previously shown that spherically symmetric, inhomogeneous universe models can explain both the supernova data and the location of the first peak in the spectrum of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) without resorting to dark energy. In this work, we investigate whether it is possible to get an even better fit to the supernova data by allowing the observer to be positioned away from the origin in the spherically symmetric coordinate system. In such a scenario, the observer sees an anisotropic relation between redshifts and the luminosity distances of supernovae. The level of anisotropy allowed by the data will then constrain how far away from the origin the observer can be located, and possibly even allow for a better fit. Our analysis shows that the fit is indeed improved, but not by a significant amount. Furthermore, we find that the supernova data do not place a rigorous constraint on how far off-center the observer can be located

2007-01-15

230

The University of Vermont Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives: Fletcher Family  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Vermont Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives has continued to add to their online offerings in recent years. This latest collection is quite a pip, and it contains family correspondence from the Fletcher Family of Vermont. The family correspondence begins in 1826, and it is primarily focused around several family members who moved west to New York, Ohio, and other parts of the heartland. Throughout these letters, the various correspondents detail the process of creating and managing their new farms and the documents leave no fact (or price) unexplored as they discuss the land, grains, stock, and groceries. All told, there are 139 letters in the collection, and visitors can click on the "Browse the Collection" section to view the letters listed by author. Additionally, visitors can search the collection by keyword, title, or subject.

231

Annual review of Plasma Physics Laboratory, Kyoto University, April, 1983  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The devices for additionally heating joul-heated plasma in the Heliotron E, such as electron cyclotron resonance heating and neutral beam injection, were in operation in 1982. In the ECRH experiment, the microwaves of 200 kW at 28 GHz were generated by a gyrotron, but the pulse width was extended from 10 ms to 40 ms this year. By this, a currentless plasma of Te-1 keV was achieved. In the NB1 experiment, the neutral beam of about 1.5 MW was injected into joule-heated plasma, and the plasma of Ti(O)-950 eV, Te(O)-800 eV and Ne = 3 x 10"1"9/m"3 was attained. The first experiment to inject neutral beam into ECRH currentless plasma was carried out. By this method, the density of the plasma increased as well as the ion temperature and electron temperature. As to the theory, a critical beta was calculated by using stellarator expansion, which should be 3 to 7 % in the Heliotron E. Two gyrotrons of 200 kW at 53 GHz each and an ion cyclotron resonance heating equipment of 1.5 MW at 26.7 MHz are prepared. As to the reactor study, the design of Heliotron H in the first phase was completed. The location of impurity sources in NB1 ion sources and beam lines was found. (Kako, I.)

1983-01-01

232

The science behind Kyoto: the role of universities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Part two of a series advocates the need for continuing scientific research into climate change to reduce the level of uncertainty. With a background in economics, business and policy, the Executive Vice President of the American Petroleum Institute suggests that there is no need to react quickly to the problem of climate change and that nothing the USA can do during the next decade will have much of an impact on the concentrations of greenhouse gases in the year 2020. Decisions on accelerated reductions in emissions can, he says, be safely postponed. He puts forward other rules to adapt under such conditions of uncertainty: to invest in information; to adapt no regrets principles; and to consider alternatives. The scientific community must hold firm to scientific habits of mind in addressing the climate issue.

O`Keefe, W.F. [American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC (United States)

1999-10-01

233

Annual review of Plasma Physics Laboratory, Kyoto University, July, 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The construction of the Heliotron E was completed in June, 1980. After the preliminary examination for two months and the improvement of the power supply, the Joule heating experiment was carried out from September, 1980, to January, 1981. The experiment of electron cyclotron resonance heating was also carried out in January, 1981. Then, experiment was stopped to install the neutral beam injection apparatus. The results obtained by both experiments are reported. The target may be attained by producing high density plasma with low plasma current, and heating the plasma by NBI additionally. In the ECRH experiment, plasma was produced and heated successfully without Joule heating current, by the Gyrotron with 200 kW power output. The favorable results of the confinement experiment with current-free plasma indicate the possibility of a stationary fusion reactor of Heliotron type. The Heliotron magnetic field configuration was proposed in 1959, and since then, the experiments of Heliotron A, B, C, D and DM were carried out in succession. Now, the purpose of the experiment to prove the principle is being achieved with Heliotron E. Hope is placed on the NBI experiment in preparation. (Kako, I.)

1981-01-01

234

Wave heating tokamak, WT-III, in Kyoto University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

WT-III is a research tokamak for studying steady-state operation, combined RF heating, by using ECH, LHH and ICH. The main body vacuum vessel has ports as large as possible between all toroidal coils; the automatic lip-seal welding/cutting technique, which is under development for a fusion reactor, has been applied to minimizing the working space on the final assembly. Regarding the power supply and control equipment, contrivance has been exerted to save energy by effective operation and to increase reliability. The heating system, incorporating the high-power gyrotron and klystron developed originally by Toshiba, has effected an increase in the system's output. This equipment is scheduled to be installed and tested at the site in this fiscal year, and good results are expected to be obtained. (author)

1985-01-01

235

Reward Systems and NSF University Research Centers: The Impact of Tenure on University Scientists' Valuation of Applied and Commercially Relevant Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past three decades, U.S. science policy has shifted from decentralized support of small, investigator-initiated research projects to more centralized, block grant-based, multidisciplinary research centers. No matter one's take on the "revolutionary" nature of this shift, a major consequence is that university scientists, now more than…

Boardman, P. Craig; Ponomariov, Branco L.

2007-01-01

236

Spin S = 1 centers: a universal type of paramagnetic defects in nanodiamonds of dynamic synthesis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Intrinsic paramagnetic defects in ?5 nm sized nanodiamonds, produced by various dynamic synthesis (DySND) techniques (detonation, shock-wave, pulsed laser ablation of solid carbon containing targets), have been studied by multi-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). X-band (9-10 GHz) EPR spectra of DySND, in addition to the main intensive singlet Lorentzian-like EPR signal, reveal a low intensity doublet pattern within the half-field (HF) region (g ? 4). On transferring spectra to the Q-band (34 GHz) the shape of the HF pattern changes and splitting between doublet components is reduced from 10.4 to 2.6 mT. The HF patterns observed are attributed to the ‘forbidden’ ?MS = 2 transitions between the Zeeman levels of some spin-triplet (S = 1) centers. The model of two triplet centers with g ? 2.003 and zero-field splitting parameters D1 = 0.095 cm-1 (TR1) and D2 = 0.030 cm-1 (TR2) satisfactorily describes experimental results at both microwave frequencies. The spin-triplet-type defects are observed in a wide variety of DySND samples irrespective of industrial supplier, cooling and carbon soot refinement methods, initial purity, disintegration, or subsequent targeted chemical modification. This indicates that the intrinsic defects with S = 1 in DySND systems are of universal origin. (paper)

2012-06-06

237

An overview of multidisciplinary research resources at the Osaka University Center for Twin Research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Osaka University Center for Twin Research is currently organizing a government-funded, multidisciplinary research project using a large registry of aged twins living in Japan. The purpose of the project is to collect various information as well as biological resources from registered twins, and to establish a biobank and databases for preserving and managing these data and resources. The Center is collecting data from twin pairs, both of whom have agreed to participate in a one-day comprehensive medical examination. The following data are being collected: physical data (e.g., height, body mass, blood pressure, theoretical visceral fat, pulse wave velocity, and bone density), data regarding epidemiology (e.g., medical history, lifestyle, quality of life, mood status, cognitive function, and nutrition), electrocardiogram, ultrasonography (carotid artery and thyroid), dentistry, plastic surgery, positron emission tomography, magnetoencephalogram, and magnetic resonance imaging of brain. These data are then aggregated and systematically stored in specific databases. In addition, peripheral blood is obtained from the participants, and then genomic DNA is purified and sera are stored. A wide variety of studies are ongoing, and more are in the planning stage. PMID:23298684

Hayakawa, Kazuo; Iwatani, Yoshinori

2013-02-01

238

Materials Research Center, University of Pittsburgh. Final report, 1 November 1991-28 February 1994  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The research and related activities at the Materials Research Center (MRC) of the University of Pittsburgh under AFOSR Grant 91-0441 are summarized. The research program has progressed in four technical areas. Nine projects under the heading of High-Performance Materials are discussed and include degradation of intermetallics and composites at elevated temperatures, deformation behavior of alloys during processing and service, and development of polymers with improved mechanical properties through microstructure control. Thirteen projects have involved Electro-optics. The development of new organic optoelectronic materials employing the design and synthesis of molecules, polymers, and molecular clusters is described and the tailoring of materials in specific device structures, such as IR detectors, light emitters, or filters is discussed. Five projects involve investigations related to Biotechnology where bioactive proteins as smart materials, viral proteins as templates for bioactive materials, and molecular recognition elements have been studied. In the Catalysis technical area, the results from studies on decomposition of nerve gases, and catalysts related to alternate fuels are presented. Educational aspects of the Center are also summarized. New equipment capabilities are reviewed, as well as internal and external collaborations of the MRC. Finally, the future plans for the MRC are addressed.

Hercules, D.M.; Pettit, F.S.; Mayer, G.

1994-04-29

239

A longitudinal person-centered examination of nonsuicidal self-injury among university students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Little is known about the development and maintenance of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) over time; however, identifying individuals at risk for NSSI onset or its recurrent engagement is of critical importance for developing effective prevention and intervention strategies. To address this important gap in the literature, we used a person-centered approach to study patterns of change among self-injurers (i.e., new beginners, recovered injurers, relapsers, desisters, and persistent injurers). Undergraduate students (N = 666, 71.1 % female, M age = 19.15) from a mid-sized Canadian university participated in the two-wave study (assessments were 1 year apart). Participants completed the Inventory of Statements about Self-Injury (ISAS, Klonsky and Glenn in J Psychopathol Behav Assess 31:215-219, 2009) at Time 1, and a measure of past year NSSI frequency 1 year later. Participants also completed several measures of psychosocial risk (e.g., problem behaviors, problems with parents) at both time points. Consistent with Nock's (Ann Rev Clin Psychol 6:339-363, 2010) model on the development of NSSI over time, individuals who continued to engage in NSSI across the university years (i.e., persistent injurers) reported greater levels of psychosocial risk as compared to those in the other groups. Moreover, a discriminant function analysis revealed that new beginners, relapsed injurers, and persistent injurers were differentiated from recovered injurers and desisters by increases over time in problem behaviors, problems with parents, internalizing behaviors, and suicidal ideation. Our findings provide new insight into the course of NSSI engagement across the university years, and offer clinicians ways to discriminate among individuals with varying longitudinal patterns of NSSI (i.e., on measures of psychosocial risk, and motivations to stop self-injuring). PMID:23933867

Hamza, Chloe A; Willoughby, Teena

2014-04-01

240

Predicting Attrition from Counseling in a University Counseling Center Sample Using the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background Premature termination from counseling is a pervasive problem across college campuses; thus, predicting counseling dropout may encourage counseling centers to develop methods to reduce the risk of attrition from counseling. This study examined the relationship between psychological distress and premature termination from therapy in counseling center clients, as measured by the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2. Method Archival data were collected from a student counseling center at a large Midwestern university. Across the previous five year period, 70 male and 128 female client files were grouped by attrition status (intake only, premature termination, planned termination. Results There was a significant gender by termination status interaction for symptom distress. Women with higher symptom distress scores were at a higher risk for premature dropout from counseling. Conclusions These results suggest the importance of considering the potential impact of symptom distress on early dropout in university counseling centers.

Lindsay T. Murn

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

God and Gays at Georgetown: Observations on Gay Rights Coalition of Georgetown University Law Center v. Georgetown University.  

Science.gov (United States)

A case in which a Georgetown University gay student group sued the institution for its refusal to allow use of university facilities is discussed, focusing on the conflicts between freedom of religious exercise and statutory civil rights and between libertarian and egalitarian values. (MSE)

Dutile, Ferdinand N.

1988-01-01

242

Genome Science: A Video Tour of the Washington University Genome Sequencing Center for High School and Undergraduate Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Sequencing of the human genome has ushered in a new era of biology. The technologies developed to facilitate the sequencing of the human genome are now being applied to the sequencing of other genomes. In 2004, a partnership was formed between Washington University School of Medicine Genome Sequencing Center's Outreach Program and Washington University Department of Biology Science Outreach to create a video tour depicting the processes involved in large-scale sequencing. “Sequencing a Geno...

2005-01-01

243

Construction of an 8 MV tandem accelerator at Kyushu University. Present status report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An 8 MV tandem accelerator is being installed at Center for Accelerator and Beam Applied Science, Kyushu University. The tandem accelerator will be operated as a heavy-ion injector to the main FFAG accelerator. The tandem accelerator can be also used independently for AMS, student experiments, RI beam production, and low-energy heavy-ion experiments. Originally, the tandem accelerator had been operated at Faculty of Science, Kyoto University until 2011, when the accelerator was shut down. The accelerator components have been sent to Kyushu University. The accelerator will be reconstructed in FY2012 and tuned in FY2013 for the first beam. (author)

2012-08-08

244

Meteor radar study of ionospheric wind at Kyoto  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes the results of meteor radar observations which have been carried out at Kyoto University since December, 1977. The radar, a coherent pulse doppler radar with a transmitting frequency of 31.57 MHz and a nominal peak power of 10 kW, is able to detect wind fields at meteor regions of 80 - 110 km. The solar semidiurnal tide generally dominates the wind oscillations at these heights, while a diurnal tide of comparable magnitude reveals itself in a less regular manner. Some anomalies in the amplitude and phase characteristics of the tides are shown, which might be related to a possible interaction with winds and waves, or to some disturbed conditions in the earth's atmosphere. Also planetary scale waves such as quasi-2-day oscillations and resonantly magnified gravity-mode waves have also been found there. Hence, the meteor radar, together with its cooperation with other observations, will helps us understand the dynamical process of atmospheric waves on a global scale. (author)

1979-01-01

245

Proceedings of the Kyoto international symposium : the jubilee of the meson theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Kyoto international symposium: The Jubilee of the Meson Theory was held at Kyoto International Conference Hall from August 15 to 17, 1985, under the auspices of the Research Institute for Fundamental Physics, the Faculty of Science and the College of Liberal Arts of Kyoto University, in cooperation with many organizations concerned. Meson theory was proposed by Hideki Yukawa in 1935, only a decade after the birth of quantum mechanics. At that time, much confusion prevailed about the applicability of quantum theory. Yukawa's meson theory indicated the right direction for developing particle physics, and established that quantum field theory is the correct theory even inside a nucleus. Thus it may be said that particle physics began with Yukawa's meson theory. The purpose of this symposium was to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Yukawa's meson theory, to review the development of particle physics during these 50 years and the application of meson physics to various fields, and to discuss current topics in particle physics in order to obtain some insight into its future progress in the fundamental theory of space-time and matter. 88 foreign physicists from 18 countries and 172 Japanese scientists participated, and 32 interesting talks were given. (Kako, I.)

1986-03-01

246

Kyoto agreement: coal's challenge, Australia's opportunity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Member countries to the Framework Convention on Climate Change met in Kyoto, Japan in December 1997 to set targets for greenhouse gas emission reductions. This review looks at how the target might be met and identifies some opportunities it presents. This meeting was critical for Australia. Of the so-called Annex 1 countries (OECD countries and some eastern European economies) that are bound by the agreed targets and commitments, only Australia has an economy that is almost totally based on fossil fuels. Together with its position as the world's largest coal exporter, the economic cost to Australia of meeting any target will exceed that of most other countries. Australia played an active role in the negotiations and achieved an outcome that allows it to assume emission limitation commitments that reflect its economic dependence on fossil fuels. The extent of its contribution to the debate was demonstrated by the convention's adoption of Australia's proposal for the negotiation of differentiated targets. Based on each country's particular circumstances, differentiation, it was argued, would not only deliver fairness and equity: it would also do so more efficiently and cost effectively

1998-04-01

247

Emission Trading under the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report discusses the potential gains from emission trading and raises some crucial questions. It shows that the total costs of the Kyoto Protocol could be reduced by about 95% through emission trading. Emission trading is an option also in the domestic arenas. The governments of the Annex B countries may allocate emission quotas to local enterprises as emission permits. Thus new markets for greenhouse gas emission quotas may emerge, domestically and internationally. It is emphasized that emission trading at the national and international levels must be discussed separately. The Nordic governments, for example, will find several good reasons for supporting emission trading at the international level if not necessarily domestically. The Nordic countries have already implemented domestic taxes on CO{sub 2} emissions and this tax policy could be sustained while these governments support and take part in emission trading at the international level.The report also considers a possible side effect of emission trading: free emission trading among Annex B countries could reduce the total abatement compared to a non-tradable policy as a consequence of the fact that some of the countries that are in transition to a market economy may be given emission limitations above their business-as-usual emissions. 40 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs.

Holtsmark, Bjart; Hagem, Cathrine

1998-12-01

248

Standardized ultrasound evaluation of carotid stenosis for clinical trials: University of Washington Ultrasound Reading Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Serial monitoring of patients participating in clinical trials of carotid artery therapy requires noninvasive precision methods that are inexpensive, safe and widely available. Noninvasive ultrasonic duplex Doppler velocimetry provides a precision method that can be used for recruitment qualification, pre-treatment classification and post treatment surveillance for remodeling and restenosis. The University of Washington Ultrasound Reading Center (UWURC provides a uniform examination protocol and interpretation of duplex Doppler velocity measurements. Methods Doppler waveforms from 6 locations along the common carotid and internal carotid artery path to the brain plus the external carotid and vertebral arteries on each side using a Doppler examination angle of 60 degrees are evaluated. The UWURC verifies all measurements against the images and waveforms for the database, which includes pre-procedure, post-procedure and annual follow-up examinations. Doppler angle alignment errors greater than 3 degrees and Doppler velocity measurement errors greater than 0.05 m/s are corrected. Results Angle adjusted Doppler velocity measurements produce higher values when higher Doppler examination angles are used. The definition of peak systolic velocity varies between examiners when spectral broadening due to turbulence is present. Examples of measurements are shown. Discussion Although ultrasonic duplex Doppler methods are widely used in carotid artery diagnosis, there is disagreement about how the examinations should be performed and how the results should be validated. In clinical trails, a centralized reading center can unify the methods. Because the goals of research examinations are different from those of clinical examinations, screening and diagnostic clinical examinations may require fewer velocity measurements.

Beach Kirk W

2010-09-01

249

Takeshi Sasaki (center), president of the University of Tokyo, visited CERN on 29 July when the renewal of the memorandum for the academic exchange agreement between the university and CERN was signed  

CERN Multimedia

Takeshi Sasaki (center), president of the University of Tokyo, visited CERN on 29 July when the renewal of the memorandum for the academic exchange agreement between the university and CERN was signed

Patrice Loïez

2003-01-01

250

Past and Future of the Kyoto Protocol. Final report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present report reflects findings from a study on the realization of and prospects for the Kyoto Protocol. The purpose of the study was (1) to obtain insights into the factors that enabled the realization of the Kyoto Protocol, in particular the interactions among major parties involved; (2) to assess the future opportunities and threats of the Kyoto Protocol, in particular against the backdrop of an increasingly globalised world. The study was conducted from February up to December 2003 by (a) reviewing the literature, especially publications on the negotiation history of the Kyoto process, the social interactions enabling the realization of the Protocol, analyses of strengths and weaknesses, and future climate regimes; (b) conducting a series of interviews with representatives from government, academia, non-governmental organisations, and business, who have been - directly or indirectly - involved in the Kyoto process; (c) internal discussions,brainstorming and analysing the Protocol's strengths and weaknesses, possible future scenarios (including policy options), and the management of a possible failure of the Kyoto Protocol. The present report reflects and integrates the different sources. The first section deals with the past and the present. It discusses how the Kyoto Protocol could be realized despite the divergent interests, reflects on its architecture, and analyses major strengths and weaknesses. In the second section, we present possible future scenarios. We explore how different combinations of domestic and international commitment provide possible realities that national government may face when crafting climate policy. The third section provides an in-depth analysis of the possible event that the Kyoto Protocol fails. We discuss its definition and policy implications. The final section is reserved for overall conclusions and policy recommendations

2004-01-01

251

What a Difference Kyoto Made: Evidence from Instrumental Variables Estimation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Kyoto Protocol?s success or failure should be evaluated against the unobserved counterfactual of no treatment. This requires instrumental variables. We find that countries? membership in the International Criminal Court (ICC) predicts Kyoto ratification in a panel model. Both multilateral policy initiatives triggered concerns about national sovereignty in many countries. We argue that ICC membership can be excluded from second-stage regressions explaining emissions and other out...

Aichele, Rahel; Felbermayr, Gabriel

2011-01-01

252

Seeking Help in a Foreign Land: International Students' Use Patterns for a U.S. University Counseling Center  

Science.gov (United States)

This archival study examined the use of a university counseling center's services by international students during a 5-year period. Variables analyzed included clients' presenting concerns, students' demographic characteristics, number of counseling sessions attended, and reasons for termination. Implications for counselor training, outreach…

Yakushko, Oksana; Davidson, M. Meghan; Sanford-Martens, Tiffany C.

2008-01-01

253

Genome Science: A Video Tour of the Washington University Genome Sequencing Center for High School and Undergraduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Sequencing of the human genome has ushered in a new era of biology. The technologies developed to facilitate the sequencing of the human genome are now being applied to the sequencing of other genomes. In 2004, a partnership was formed between Washington University School of Medicine Genome Sequencing Center's Outreach Program and Washington…

Flowers, Susan K.; Easter, Carla; Holmes, Andrea; Cohen, Brian; Bednarski, April E.; Mardis, Elaine R.; Wilson, Richard K.; Elgin, Sarah C. R.

2005-01-01

254

Sports hernia: the experience of Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas.  

Science.gov (United States)

Groin injuries in high-performance athletes are common, occurring in 5% to 28% of athletes. Athletic pubalgia syndrome, or so-called sports hernia, is one such injury that can be debilitating and sport ending in some athletes. It is a clinical diagnosis of chronic, painful musculotendinous injury to the medial inguinal floor occurring with athletic activity. Over the past 12 years, we have operated on >100 patients with this injury at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas. These patients have included professional athletes, collegiate athletes, competitive recreational athletes, and the occasional "weekend warrior." The repair used is an open technique using a lightweight polypropylene mesh. Patient selection is important, as is collaboration with other experienced and engaged sports health care professionals, including team trainers, physical therapists, team physicians, and sports medicine and orthopedic surgeons. Of the athletes who underwent surgery, 98% have returned to competition. After a minimum of 6 weeks for recovery and rehabilitation, they have usually returned to competition within 3 months. PMID:21566750

Preskitt, John T

2011-04-01

255

Desert architecture for educational buildings, a case study: A center for training university graduates  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A new program for training graduates in desert development is being implemented by the Desert Development Center (DDC) of the American University in Cairo. The facilities consist of fifty bed/sitting rooms for accommodating 100 students. Each unit consists of two rooms and a bathroom for the use of 4 students; a lecture theater which can house 120 students, with adjoining office for trainers as well as necessary facilities; a general cafeteria which can serve 120--150 persons and an adjoining dining room for teaching staff. The cafeteria building also houses the kitchen; a cold storage area; a laundry room, storerooms, sleeping quarters and services for the labor force of the building complex; a system of solar water heaters; and a special sanitary sewage system for treatment of waste water produced by the building`s activities. When designing and implementing this complex, architectural elements and building philosophy based on the concept of integrating with the environment were considered. Elements included orientation heights and building materials suited to the desert environment, thick walls, outer and inner finishing materials, roofs, malkafs, floors, colors, solar heaters, lighting, green areas, windbreaks, terraces, and furniture. The paper includes a general evaluation of this educational building based on the PRA approach (Participatory Rapid Appraisal) involving those living and working in it. As a result of her position with the project, the author was able to evaluate the original designs, recommend modifications, and evaluate their implementation and fulfillment of the original goals of the projects.

Ebeid, M. [Ain Shams Univ., Cairo (Egypt). Inst. of Environmental Studies and Research

1996-10-01

256

Iowa State University's undergraduate minor, online graduate certificate and resource center in NDE  

Science.gov (United States)

Nondestructive evaluation is a `niche' subject that is not yet offered as an undergraduate or graduate major in the United States. The undergraduate minor in NDE offered within the College of Engineering at Iowa State University (ISU) provides a unique opportunity for undergraduate aspiring engineers to obtain a qualification in the multi-disciplinary subject of NDE. The minor requires 16 credits of course work within which a core course and laboratory in NDE are compulsory. The industrial sponsors of Iowa State's Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, and others, strongly support the NDE minor and actively recruit students from this pool. Since 2007 the program has graduated 10 students per year and enrollment is rising. In 2011, ISU's College of Engineering established an online graduate certificate in NDE, accessible not only to campus-based students but also to practicing engineers via the web. The certificate teaches the fundamentals of three major NDE techniques; eddy-current, ultrasonic and X-ray methods. This paper describes the structure of these programs and plans for development of an online, coursework-only, Master of Engineering in NDE and thesis-based Master of Science degrees in NDE.

Bowler, Nicola; Larson, Brian F.; Gray, Joseph N.

2014-02-01

257

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, 1987  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report covers the research activities and technical developments of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, in the period from April, 1987 to March, 1988. In the field of nuclear physics, the elastic and inelastic scattering of polarized protons from even-even medium weight nuclei was investigated systematically by light ion beam experiment. A QDQ type magnetic spectrograph for double scattering experiment was almost complete. The studies on heavy ion-induced fission reaction advanced by measuring anisotropy in fission angular distribution, and a view on the mechanism of the reaction was acquired. A new, ingenious technique enabled to identify prompt characteristics X-ray accompanying the fusion reaction induced by heavy ions. In the field of atomic and solid state physics, a strange dependence of equilibrium charge state on the atomic number of projectile heavy ions has been elucidated. The research on ion beam shadowing effect on the emission of ion-induced secondary electrons was continued. The Rutherford backscattering of O4+ ions was applied to determine the composition of Y-Ba-Cu oxide film, and it shed light on the condition governing the nature of superconductive materials. The 12 UD Pelletron was operated quite satisfactorily. (Kako, I.)

1988-01-01

258

Impact of 5 years of lean six sigma in a University Medical Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lean Six Sigma (LSS) is an originally industry-based methodology for cost reduction and quality improvement. In more recent years, LSS was introduced in health care as well. This article describes the experiences of the University Medical Center Groningen, the second largest hospital in the Netherlands, with LSS. It was introduced in 2007 to create the financial possibility to develop innovations. In this article, we describe how LSS was introduced, and how it developed in the following years. We zoom in at the traumatology department, where all main processes have been analyzed and improved. An evaluation after 5 years shows that LSS helped indeed reducing cost and improving quality. Moreover, it aided the transition of the organization from purely problem oriented to more process oriented, which in turn is helpful in eliminating waste and finding solutions for difficult problems. A major benefit of the program is that own employees are trained to become project leaders for improvement. Several people from the primary process were thus stimulated and equipped to become role models for continuous improvement. PMID:23011073

Niemeijer, Gerard C; Trip, Albert; de Jong, Laura J; Wendt, Klaus W; Does, Ronald J M M

2012-01-01

259

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, Nuclear and Solid State Research Project, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the fifth annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, as well as the third of the Nuclear and Solid State Research Project at the University of Tsukuba. It contains the short descriptions of the activities during the period from April, 1979, to March, 1980. The 12 UD Pelletron has worked well and was utilized over 2900 hours as the time of beam on targets. The performance of the polarized ion source has been quite good, and it produced the beams of polarized protons and deuterons as well as of alpha particles. The sputter ion source (TUNIS) replaced the direct extraction duoplasmatron in most cases, and it produced the beams of isotopes of O, F, Si, Cl, Ni, Cu, etc., without gas injection. The construction of the second measuring room has been completed, and four beam courses are equipped with a general purpose scattering chamber, the devices for perturbed angular correlation, inner and outer shell ionization, and biological studies. The beam pulsing system was installed on the accelerator, and will be in operation soon. Further efforts have been made to develop detection and data processing systems. The examples of the recent researches mainly under the program of the NSSRP in various fields are enumerated. The exchange and collaboration with other institutions were active. (Kako, I.)

1980-01-01

260

Carcinoma of the uterine cervix: review of experience at University of Kansas Medical Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A total of 211 patients with a diagnosis of carcinoma of uterine cervix, managed by radiotherapy at the University of Kansas Medical Center between 1969-1975 was reviewed. There were 90 patients in Stage I, 65 in Stage II, 43 in Stage III, and 13 with Stage IV disease. Squamous cell carcinoma was found to be the most common histologic type. Twenty-three patients had shown uterine extension of the disease; of these, eight had adenocarcinoma. The majority of the patients received external whole-pelvic telecobalt therapy followed by a variety of intracavitary radium applications. The combined dose to point A ranged from 5000-13,000 rad. There were 166 patients followed for five or more years. Overall five-year survival was 74% (124/166). Survival by stage: IA--92% (12/13); IB--88% (55/62); IIA2--74% (23/31); IIB--58% (14/24); IIIAandB--64% (18/28); and IV--25% (2/8). The overall three-year survival was 73% (155/211). Thirty-three patients (33/211 . 16%) developed local recurrence, and five of these patients were salvaged by surgery. Surgery for complications was required in nine patients. Rectovaginal and vesicovaginal fistulae occurred in three patients (1.5%). Local recurrence and complications vs. dose and system used were analyzed

1981-04-01

 
 
 
 
261

Annual report of Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University. 1979 ed.  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Research Center for Nuclear Physics is an inter-university laboratory, and engages mainly in the researches on fundamental nuclear physics. The experimental studies have been carried out since 1976 by both inside and outside users. This report is described on the scientific researches which were carried out in the period from April 1, 1979, to March 31, 1980. The cyclotron and all the experimental facilities were operated satisfactorily this year. The main subjects of the nuclear researches made in the RCNP were (1) scattering of polarized protons and deuterons by complex nuclei, (2) few nucleon problems, (3) breakup of deuterons and He-3, (4) giant multipole resonances, (5) high resolution studies of hole, hole analogue and particle hole states, (6) highly excited states and pre-equilibrium deexcitation processes, and (7) reaction mechanism in heavy ion reactions. The on-line mass separation of radioisotopes, nuclear chemistry and applied nuclear physics were also investigated. The development studies on cyclotrons and experimental apparatuses including the high resolution spectrograph RAIDEN were carried out. The improvement and development have been made in the acceleration of polarized ions and heavy ions. In this report, the studies in the fields described above are outlined. (J.P.N.)

1980-01-01

262

[Emergencies at a hospital center and university in a tropical area. An anesthesiologist's point of view].  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the profile of medical emergencies and their management in a university hospital center in a tropical area. Between July 1 and December 31, 2001, all patients examined in a medical and surgical emergency room were included. Obstetrical emergencies, pediatric emergencies, emergencies admitted directly to the cardiology, ORL emergencies and urologic emergencies were not included. A total of 6740 patients were examined for medical/surgical emergencies during the 6-month study period. Mean patient age was 23 +/- 7 years. Most patients were male with a sex ratio of 3.4. Patients were from the city of Dakar in 50% of cases, suburbs of Dakar in 35% and other regions in 15%. The mean delay between the onset of emergency and admission was 17 +/- 9 hours. Patients were transferred to the hospital in 78% of cases by private transportation. Gastrointestinal events accounted for 20.23% of cases, cardiovascular events for 9.12%, respiratory events of 8.56%, metabolic events for 1.78%, trauma for 48.20% and infectious disease for 12.09%. Surgical mortality was 2.41%. Most problems facing the intensivist treating medical emergencies in a tropical setting involved resuscitation. PMID:12244921

Ka Sall, B; Kane, O; Diouf, E; Beye, M D

2002-01-01

263

Twenty years' experience at the Heart Transplant Center, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Objectives. The Heart Transplantation Center, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, now has 20 years' experience with heart transplantation (HTX). This study aims to evaluate long-term outcome after HTX including incidences of cancer and severe renal dysfunction. Design. Outcomes were reviewed using the transplant database of our department, the Scandiatransplant database, hospital medical records, and national database of biopsies. Results. From December 31, 1992 to February 27, 2013, a total of 258 patients underwent index HTX. Survival for the whole patient cohort at 1 month and 1 year was 95% and 88%. Long-term survival estimates of 5, 10, 15, and 20 years were 80%, 70%, 55%, and 40%, respectively. Median survival time was 15.6 years. Significant improvement in survival was observed from the 1992-1998 vs. 1999-2005 era and the 1992-1998 vs. the 2006-2012 era. Three patients (1%) underwent renal transplantation, and 29 patients (11%) developed severe renal dysfunction requiring dialysis. Sixty-four (25%) patients developed cancer, with skin cancer being most common. Conclusion. HTX is an excellent treatment for selected patients with end-stage heart failure. The prognosis has improved in the latest transplantation eras. With balanced immunosuppressive treatment, severe renal dysfunction and cancer can be limited to an acceptable level.

Clemmensen, Tor Skibsted; Munk, Kim

2013-01-01

264

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba. April 1, 1993 - March 31, 1994  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this annual report, the research activities and the technical developments carried out at the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, for the period from April, 1993 to March, 1994 are described. The tandem accelerator worked with high stability, and provided with sufficient beam time for experiments till the middle of November, however, one of the charging chains broke on November 18. The replacement of the chain was finished in a short time, and experiments were continued to the end of December. From January, 1994, the operation of the accelerator was shut down to replace the cooling towers for building air conditioning and to reconstruct the cooling system for the accelerator. In this book, the activities in the accelerator and experimental facilities and the departments of the experiment and theory on nuclear physics, atomic and solid state physics, and ion beam application are reported. As the new development of experimental instruments, a new rf amplifier for the heavy ion postaccelerator was constructed, and with a liquid helium polarimeter, test experiments are in progress. (K.I.)

1994-01-01

265

Kyoto's enemy:the american oil industry's influence in the signing and non-ratification of the Kyoto protocol  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Executive Summary This study is an empirical and theoretical analysis of the influence obtained by the American oil industry in the United States decision to first sign and then not ratify the Kyoto Protocol. The purpose of the study is to explore and measure the influence the industry managed to obtain and then compare the period before the signing to the period between the signing and the decision to not ratify Kyoto. By employing theoretical framework, the empirical data collected will ...

Andresen, Anne Cecilie

2006-01-01

266

Annual report of Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University. April 1, 1993 - March 31, 1994  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This volume of the RCNP annual report gives briefly research activities of the RCNP (Research Center for Nuclear Physics), Osaka University, in the academic year of 1993 (April 1993 - March 1994). RCNP is a national nuclear physics laboratory with the AVF cyclotron and the ring cyclotron. This annual report includes major research activities at RCNP as follows. 1) Low-energy nuclear physics by means of the K=140 MeV AVF cyclotron. Nuclear reactions and nuclear structures were studied. 2) Medium-energy nuclear physics by means of the 0.4 GeV ring cyclotron. The new ring cyclotron is in full operation, and several new progresses in the medium energy nuclear physics have been made. In particular, spin-isospin responses for discrete states, giant resonances and for quasi-free scattering processes have been studied by means of charge exchange reactions. 3) Heavy-ion physics with the secondary radio-active nuclear beams. It includes production of radioactive nuclei with large spin-polarization and studies of snow-balls. 4) Non-accelerator physics programs have started in collaboration with the Dept. Phys. group. Neutrino studies by means of double beta decays and dark matter searches by means of scintillators are under progress at the Kamioka underground laboratory. 5) Theoretical works on nuclear structures and nuclear reactions. The RCNP computers are widely used for theoretical studies all over Japan. 6) Developments of accelerators and detector systems. The new external ion-source and the new axial injection line are build in order to increase beam currents. (J.P.N.)

1994-01-01

267

Mushroom poisonings reported to the Dokuz Eylul University drug and poison information center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Poisonings concerning mushrooms that were reported to Dokuz Eylul University Drug and Poison Information Center (DPIC between 1993 and 2006 were analyzed.Methods: Age, sex, mushroom type, route and reason for the poisoning, clinical effects and outcome of the poisoned patients were recorded on standard data forms, then entered into a computerized database program. Results: Mushroom ingestions accounted 1.2 % (799 cases of 65,176 of all poisonings were reported to DPIC. More than half of the calls to DPIC involved adults (64.8%, 518 and females dominated in adults this is the opposite in children (57.9%, 292 and 47.6%, 100 for adults and children, respectively. Mean age of adults and children were 39.1±0.7 and 9.5±0.4 years, respectively. Most of the poisonings occurred in autumn (49.7%. Median time elapsed from mushroom poisoning to telephone call was 6 h (68.2%, mean 13.5±21.5 h. Type of the mushrooms were classified as suspicious toxic mushrooms (Amanita phalloides etc, 2.9%, other mushrooms (66.7% and unknown (30.4%. Mild symptoms were found to be higher in patients who presented to a health facility within in first 6 hours after ingestion than that of patients presented more than six hours after ingestion (p<0.0001. Clinical effects were graded as asymptomatic (7.4%, moderate (6.3% or severe (2.0% poisoning. Nausea with vomiting was the most common sign (32.6% followed by vomiting alone (22.0%, diarrhea (12.5% and abdominal colic (9.3%. One patients died (0.1% from unknown wild mushroom ingestion. Conclusions: Although poisonings concerning mushroom ingestion reported to our DPIC were common, most of them were mild poisonings. Mushroom poisoning cases with late presentation should be evaluated carefully by emergency physicians for deadly poisonous mushroom ingestions.

Yesim TUNCOK

2010-01-01

268

Final Technical Report for Industrial Assessment Center at West Virginia University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) program at West Virginia University (WVU), which is funded by the Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) in the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), has provided a unique opportunity to enhance efficient energy utilization in small to medium-sized manufacturers. It has also provided training to engineering students in the identification and analysis of efficient energy use in each aspect of the manufacturing process and associated supporting elements. The outcomes of the IAC Program at WVU have assisted the manufacturers and the students in having a heightened sensitivity to industrial energy conservation, waste reduction, and productivity improvement, as well as a better understanding of the technical aspects of manufacturing processes and the supporting elements through which efficient energy utilization can be enhanced. The IAC at WVU has conducted 101 energy assessments from 2002 until 2006. The focus of the industrial assessments has been on energy savings. It has been the IAC’s interest to strongly focus on energy savings and on waste minimization and productivity improvements that strictly have an impact on energy. The IAC at WVU was selected as the Center of the year in 2005 from amongst 26 centers and has obtained a ranking within the top 5 in the previous few years. From 2002 to 2006, the total recommended energy savings produced by the IAC at WVU is 1,214,414 MMBtu, of which the electricity accounts for 93,826,067 kWh (equivalent to 320,226 MMBtu) and natural gas for 871,743 MMBtu. The balance is accounted for in savings in other fuels, mainly coal and wood. This results in an average recommended energy savings of 928,971 kWh from electricity and 8,631 MMBtu from natural gas per facility. The total CO2 emissions saved from 2002 to 2006 is 154,462 tons, with an average of 1,529.3 tons per facility. The average recommended energy cost savings per facility is $135,036. The overall implementation rate of the assessment recommendations is 60.6% for the 101 industrial assessments conducted since 2002. The implemented recommendations resulted in total energy savings of 62,328,006 kWh from electricity, 295,241 MMBtu from natural gas, and 43,593 MMBtu from other fuels, totaling 551,557 MMBtu. The average implemented energy savings per industrial facility is 5,461 MMBtu and the average implemented energy cost savings is $ 59,879. The average implemented energy and productivity cost savings exceeds the program average of $ 60,000 per assessment. The IAC at WVU has produced a variety of energy efficiency recommendations in areas of industrial energy consumption such as Boilers and Steam systems (19), Air Compressors (15), HVAC (4), Chillers (12), Furnaces and Ovens (17), Motors (8), Lighting (20), Insulation (3), CHP and Cogeneration (4), and Process Equipment (7). The project has benefited the public by enabling the reduction of CO2 emissions by 89,726 tons due to the implemented energy saving recommendations at 101 small and medium sized manufacturing facilities. Since CO2 is a green house gas, its reduction will improve the quality of the environment significantly. The reduction in operating costs for the manufacturing facilities in terms of energy cost savings will increase the manufacturing facilities’ profits and improve their competitive edge, thus causing possible expansion in the manufacturing activities, leading to increase in good paying jobs.

Gopalakrishnan, Bhaskaran

2008-01-09

269

The center for plant and microbial complex carbohydrates at The University of Georgia Complex Carbohydrate Research Center (CCRC)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Complex Carbohydrate research Center (CCRC) has about 90 faculty, staff, postdoctoral research associates, and graduate students. The center grant funds are used to support training of graduate students, collaborative carbohydrate research projects with other institutions, service, and equipment maintenance. The subjects extend from oligosaccharides that protect plants against viruses to oligosaccharides that induce explants to flower, from receptors for oligosaccharides that elicit phytoalexins to oligosaccharides that regulate cation transport across plasma membranes, from the structures of pectic and hemicellulosic polysaccharides to the ability of pathogenesis-related enzymes to release phytoalexin elicitors from fungal cell walls, from the cloning of carbohydrate-degrading enzymes to the cloning of glycanase inhibitors, from the identification of oligosaccharides that kill plant cells to the cloning of receptors that perceive those oligosaccharides that inhibit root formation and stimulate flower formation, from characterization of bacterial polysaccharides that have useful physical characteristics to characterization of complex carbohydrates involved in Rhizobium symbioses, and from developing analytical methods to purify and characterize carbohydrates to the development of computer methods to reduce the need to structurally characterize carbohydrates. The CCRC's progress in collaborative research, training, and service is summarized in the appendices accompanying this report.

Albersheim, P.; Darvill, A.

1990-06-01

270

Possibilities and conditions for joint implementation after Kyoto; Muligheter og betingelser for felles gjennomfoering etter Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report discusses the consequences of the Kyoto Protocol for joint implementation projects. These are projects where actors from one country funds measures that give reduced emissions of climate gases in another country (host country). The investor may use the reduction obtained to meet his own climate commitment. The report discusses some of the main types of such projects, surveys current prices of joint implementation projects and the main categories of host countries. The report tries to give a general impression of joint implementation projects rather than to give details of individual projects. It is pointed out that there are still many unanswered questions around joint implementations and a strong need for the development of rules and procedures. Forest projects seem to be economically competitive with industrial projects, but this may change with time. 33 refs., 3 figs., 8 tabs.

Ringius, Lasse; Naess, Lars Otto; Torvanger, Asbjoern

1998-11-01

271

Sixteenth progress report of the Texas A and M University Nuclear Science Center, January 1, 1979-December 31, 1979  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nuclear Science Center is operated by the Texas Engineering Experiment Station as a service to Texas A and M University and the State of Texas. The facility is available to the University, other educational institutions, governmental agencies, and private organizations and individuals. Reactor utilization continued to grow during 1979 with an increase in the total number of irradiations, sample irradiation hours, number of samples irradiated, and total experiment hours. Reactor operation of 85.71 Mw-days for 1979 was essentially the same as the previous year. The reactor was not pulsed during the reporting period due to a restriction on pulsing until the fuel damage study is completed

272

Astrophysics Conducted by the Lunar University Network for Astrophysics Research (LUNAR) and the Center for Lunar Origins (CLOE)  

CERN Document Server

[Abridged] The Moon is a unique platform from and on which to conduct astrophysical measurements. The Lunar University Network for Astrophysics Research (LUNAR) and the Center for Lunar Origins and Evolution (CLOE) teams within the NASA Lunar Science Institute (NLSI) are illustrating how the Moon can be used as a platform to advance important goals in astrophysics. Of relevance to Astrophysics and aligned with NASA strategic goals, all three of the primary research themes articulated by New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy & Astrophysics are being addressed by LUNAR and CLOE, namely Probing Cosmic Dawn, Understanding New Worlds, and Physics of the Universe

Burns, Jack O; Bottke, William

2012-01-01

273

Number Theory : A Seminar held at the Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York  

CERN Document Server

The New York Number Theory Seminar was organized in 1982 to provide a forum for the presentation and discussion of recent advances in higher arithmetic and its applications. Papers included in this volume are based on the lectures presented by their authors at the Seminar at the Graduate Center of C.U.N.Y. in 1985-88. Papers in the volume cover a wide spectrum of number theoretic topics ranging from additive number theory and diophantine approximations to algebraic number theory and relations with algebraic geometry and topology.

Chudnovsky, Gregory; Cohn, Harvey; Nathanson, Melvyn

1989-01-01

274

Upgrading the Center for Lightweighting Automotive Materials and Processing - a GATE Center of Excellence at the University of Michigan-Dearborn  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Center for Lightweighting Materials and Processing (CLAMP) was established in September 1998 with a grant from the Department of Energy’s Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) program. The center received the second round of GATE grant in 2005 under the title “Upgrading the Center for Lightweighting Automotive Materials and Processing”. Using the two grants, the Center has successfully created 10 graduate level courses on lightweight automotive materials, integrated them into master’s and PhD programs in Automotive Systems Engineering, and offered them regularly to the graduate students in the program. In addition, the Center has created a web-based lightweight automotive materials database, conducted research on lightweight automotive materials and organized seminars/symposia on lightweight automotive materials for both academia and industry. The faculty involved with the Center has conducted research on a variety of topics related to design, testing, characterization and processing of lightweight materials for automotive applications and have received numerous research grants from automotive companies and government agencies to support their research. The materials considered included advanced steels, light alloys (aluminum, magnesium and titanium) and fiber reinforced polymer composites. In some of these research projects, CLAMP faculty have collaborated with industry partners and students have used the research facilities at industry locations. The specific objectives of the project during the current funding period (2005 – 2012) were as follows: (1) develop new graduate courses and incorporate them in the automotive systems engineering curriculum (2) improve and update two existing courses on automotive materials and processing (3) upgrade the laboratory facilities used by graduate students to conduct research (4) expand the Lightweight Automotive Materials Database to include additional materials, design case studies and make it more accessible to outside users (5) provide support to graduate students for conducting research on lightweight automotive materials and structures 4 (6) provide industry/university interaction through a graduate certificate program on automotive materials and technology idea exchange through focused seminars and symposia on automotive materials.

Mallick, P. K.

2012-08-30

275

An overview of the comprehensive proton therapy machine quality assurance procedures implemented at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Center-Houston  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The number of proton and carbon ion therapy centers is increasing; however, since the publication of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements report, there has been no dedicated report dealing with proton therapy quality assurance. The purpose of this article is to describe the quality assurance procedures performed on the passively scattered proton therapy beams at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Center in Houston. The majorities of these procedures are either adopted from procedures outlined in the American Association of Physicists in Medical Task Group (TG) 40 report or are a modified version of the TG 40 procedures. In addition, new procedures, which were designed specifically to be applicable to the synchrotron at the author's center, have been implemented. The authors' procedures were developed and customized to ensure patient safety and accurate operation of synchrotron to within explicit limits. This article describes these procedures and can be used by others as a guideline for developing QA procedures based on particle accelerator specific parameters and local regulations pertinent to any new facility.

2009-06-01

276

An overview of the comprehensive proton therapy machine quality assurance procedures implemented at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Center-Houston.  

Science.gov (United States)

The number of proton and carbon ion therapy centers is increasing; however, since the publication of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements report, there has been no dedicated report dealing with proton therapy quality assurance. The purpose of this article is to describe the quality assurance procedures performed on the passively scattered proton therapy beams at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Center in Houston. The majorities of these procedures are either adopted from procedures outlined in the American Association of Physicists in Medical Task Group (TG) 40 report or are a modified version of the TG 40 procedures. In addition, new procedures, which were designed specifically to be applicable to the synchrotron at the author's center, have been implemented. The authors' procedures were developed and customized to ensure patient safety and accurate operation of synchrotron to within explicit limits. This article describes these procedures and can be used by others as a guideline for developing QA procedures based on particle accelerator specific parameters and local regulations pertinent to any new facility. PMID:19610316

Arjomandy, Bijan; Sahoo, Narayan; Zhu, X Ronald; Zullo, John R; Wu, Richard Y; Zhu, Mingping; Ding, Xiaoning; Martin, Craig; Ciangaru, George; Gillin, Michael T

2009-06-01

277

Building automation and electrical installations at the Medical Center of Aachen University; Gebaeudeautomations- und Elektroinstallationstechniken in der Universitaetsklinik Aachen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Medical Center of Aachen University consists of many different institutes with a high functionality and good infrastructure. To maintain and improve the achieved high standard of patient care is a constant challenge. One of several important prerequisites are firms that accompany the incessant and innovative technical changes in the buildings and contribute to finding interesting space HVAC problem solutions which help to save energy and protect the environment. (orig.)

Deppe, H.D. [Johnson Controls JCI Regelungstechnik GmbH Aachen, Herzogenrath (Germany)

1997-10-01

278

Evolution of a Patient Information Management System in a Local Area Network Environment at Loyola University of Chicago Medical Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Department of Medicine at Loyola University Medical Center (LUMC) of Chicago has implemented a local area network (LAN) based Patient Information Management System (PIMS) as part of its integrated departmental database management system. PIMS consists of related database applications encompassing demographic information, current medications, problem lists, clinical data, prior events, and on-line procedure results. Integration into the existing departmental database system permits PIMS to...

Price, Ronald N.; Chandrasekhar, Arcot J.; Tamirisa, Balaji

1990-01-01

279

The effect of stress on communication of staff of the University Clinical Center Tuzla according to length of service  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aim To investigate the characteristics and distribution of stressas a factor that affects communication in healthcare, as well asthe significance of length of professional experience in drivingthe attitude toward the importance of stress on communication.Methods The study included 56 participants employed at theUniversity Clinical Center Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina,who were officiated heads of medical nurses/technicians and/or leading nurses/technicians. Professional experience of allpartic...

2013-01-01

280

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Remains Tracker: A novel application for tracking decedents and improving the autopsy workflow  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

All hospitals deal with patient deaths. Multiple departments and personnel must be coordinated to ensure that decedents are safely managed. Prior to 2004, at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), when a patient passed away, the process of alerting involved personnel, transporting the decedent, and tracking the completion of clinical documents was cumbersome and inefficient. In order to address these concerns, UPMC Remains Tracker, a web-based application, was developed to improv...

Smith, Matthew A.; Roy, Somak; Nestler, Rick; Augustine, Beth; Miller, David; Parwani, Anil; Nichols, Lawrence

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

University of Colorado Cancer Center study finds misidentified and contaminated cell lines lead to faulty cancer science  

Science.gov (United States)

Modern cancer therapies start in cells – researchers compare cancer samples to healthy cells to discover how cancer is genetically different, and use cell lines to test promising new drugs. However, a University of Colorado Cancer Center study published this week in the journal Gynecologic Oncology shows that due to a high rate of contamination, misidentification and redundancy in widely available cell lines, researchers may be drawing faulty conclusions.

282

Center of excellence at Kathmandu University for R and D and test certification of hydraulic turbines  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Growth in global demand of clean energy has also increased hydropower development activities. This has also increased the necessity of overall efficiency improvements in hydropower plants for producing larger power with same site conditions. Efficiency improvement by design optimization of turbines is primary task in elevating performance of any hydropower projects. Institutional laboratory test facilities, which are expensive and demand high level of proficiency, are needed to certify performance of turbines. Due to the lack of well equipped and standard test facilities at South Asia region, efficiency measurement of turbines is mostly done at project sites. Kathmandu University (KU) is an autonomous, not-for-profit, non-government institution dedicated to maintain high standards of academic excellence. With technical support from Norwegian Institute of Science and Technology (NTNU), KU has been upgrading its competency to support the ambitious plan of Government of Nepal (2010) to develop 38,000 MW of Hydropower in 25 years. KU is collaborating with national and international experts and institutions for this venture. Turbine Testing Laboratory (TTL), under construction at KU with financial assistance from NORAD, Norway, aims to deliver its facilities to local and international developers and consultants by the mid of 2011. With 30 meter open head and 150 meter closed head, TTL is capable of testing different range prototypes up to 300kW and conduct model tests for larger sizes. Internationally recognized certification endorsed by International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC-60193) will be maintained at TTL for model tests. The technical support for the laboratory will be provided by Waterpower Laboratory, NTNU which has experience of turbine testing for almost 100 years. In coming years, TTL intends to include state of the art technologies such as Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Finite Element Method (FEM) analysis for new design or upgrading existing turbines, innovative design of hydro-mechanical components for power plants, and specialized training to engineers and technicians. This paper elaborates the utility of TTL in South Asia region with its objectives and specifications. Scope and partnerships for developing a center of excellence at TTL for R and D of hydraulic turbines are also presented. Need and possibilities of creating a new turbine manufacturer in Nepal, by the combined effort of academic institutions and manufacturing industries has been analyzed. Beside these, the progress of design optimization of Francis turbine at Jhimruk power plant for reduction of adverse impact of sediment erosion has been discussed. (author)

Thapa, Biraj Singh [Kathmandu University (KU), Dhulikhel (Nepal). Mechanical Engineering Department], E-mail: bst@ku.edu.np; Thapa, Bhola [The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway). Department of Mechanical Engineering], E-mail: bhola@ku.edu.np; Dahlhaug, Ole G. [The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway). Waterpower Laboratory], E-mail: ole.g.dahlhaug@ntnu.no

2011-07-15

283

Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, annual report 1998. April 1, 1998 - March 31, 1999  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The operation of the 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerators was very stable until December 12, 1998. A total beam time for experiments is 2383 hours. This report describes the activities at Tandem Accelerator Center of the University of Tsukuba in fiscal year 1998. The 32 reports are presented in the 4 categories; that are (1) Accelerator and Experimental Facilities (7 reports), (2) Nuclear Physics (12 reports), (3) Atomic and Solid State Physics, and Cluster Science (10 reports), (4) Ion Beam Application (3 reports). New development of experimental instruments were made on a proton polarimeter at very low energies, a detector of atomic cluster at low velocity, a long focal-plane position sensitive detector, and a liquid-helium-free superconducting solenoid for an Ecr ion source. In the field of nuclear physics, progresses were made in proton total-reaction cross sections, the continuum discretized coupled channel (CDCC) theory, (d, ?X) reactions, 7Li breakup reactions, hole states via (p, d) reaction, and nuclear structure physics by means of in-beam ? ray spectroscopy. New approaches were initiated on the precise measurement of proton-proton elastic scattering to search for magnetic monopole, and on perturbed angular correlations to measure nuclear g-factors in the pico second region. The investigation of ion-induced secondary electron is made in the binary-encounter electron emission from crystalline and non crystalline targets. An applicability of ion-induced Auger electrons to structure analysis was also demonstrated. An experiments of Br and I ions opened a new approach to the study of structural defects in amorphous silica. The study of deuteron implantation into silicon single crystal resulted in an interpretation of macroscopic migration. Microscopic migration was investigated on some metals. In atomic cluster physics, angular distributions of several noble-gas ions were measured to derive a new interaction potential. Mass spectra of semiconductor and 3d-transition metal clusters were also studied. A careful test experiment of PIXE was performed on the trace element analysis of single fluid inclusions in minerals. (Y. Tanaka)

1999-01-01

284

Submission to the British Columbia government on the Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Business Council provided its comments concerning the Kyoto Protocol and climate change to the government of British Columbia, recommending that a clear position be established quickly on the matter. The adopted position should also be disseminated broadly to allow stake holders sufficient time to prepare for the upcoming meetings of the Joint Ministers and First Ministers. The federal government has announced that the decision on whether to ratify the Kyoto Protocol will be made before the end of 2002, and this decision will have numerous effects on the people of British Columbia, businesses, workers, and consumers alike. The Business Council of British Columbia believes that the unique interests of the province can best be protected by a proactive approach. Actions plans are being prepared by several of the other provinces and territories, who have already stated their position concerning the Kyoto Protocol. The long-term risks of climate change for British Columbia have not been determined nor have the elements of a provincial approach. The following elements should be included in British Columbia's position on the Kyoto Protocol, according to the Business Council of British Columbia: (1) a credible and cost-effective implementation plan that does not unduly burden the province and other jurisdictions must be developed before Canada decides to ratify the Protocol. British Columbia should go on the record stating it does not support the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in its present form. (2) the province should advocate for a national approach to climate change that can be achieved within a reasonable time frame, reflects the long-term nature of the problem, and is in agreement with the economic development objectives of British Columbia, (3) a plan detailing how the province intends to deal with the growth of greenhouse gas emissions should supplement and support the position of the province on the Kyoto Protocol. Consumers and business should be engaged in the development of measures to reduce the intensity of emissions of the province's economy

2002-01-01

285

Dismantling of a Breakthrough: The Kyoto Protocol – Just Symbolic Policy!  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We show that U.S. withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol is straightforward under political economy considerations. The reason is that U.S. compliance costs exceed low willingness to pay for dealing with global warming in the U.S. The withdrawal had a crucial impact on the concretion of the Protocol prior to its likely ratification at the end of 2002. Remaining non-EU Parties to the Kyoto Protocol gained veto bargaining power and, thus, were successful in asserting far reaching concessions from t...

2002-01-01

286

The Status of Nutrition Education in ACHA College and University Health Centers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Study investigated the status of student health center nutrition services. Surveys completed by directors of 168 centers indicated that 79 percent provided some nutrition education and 96 percent had one-to-one counseling. Larger institutions were more likely to have nutrition programs. Registered dietitians were the typical service providers. (SM)

Kessler, Lisa; And Others

1992-01-01

287

73 FR 33828 - Notice Designating the Northeastern University as a DHS Center of Excellence for Explosives...  

Science.gov (United States)

...The criteria for designation for this new Center of Excellence for Explosives Detection Mitigation and Response...the Research Lead Institution for the Explosives Detection Mitigation and Response Center...Rhode Island (the Education Lead), New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology...and develop educational programs on explosives-related issues including......

2008-06-13

288

At University of Chicago, Dispute over Friedman Center Continues to Simmer  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on the dispute about the creation of an institute named for the late economist and free-market advocate Milton Friedman at the University of Chicago. Five months after the University of Chicago announced plans to invest $200-million in an economics institute named for the late Milton Friedman, the project is still generating…

Glenn, David

2008-01-01

289

Managing Disaster Recovery Centers on Campus: The Experience of Southeastern Louisiana University  

Science.gov (United States)

When Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast in August 2005, Southeastern Louisiana University was spared the brunt of the storm and was fortunate that most structures on campus remained intact. However, the storm still affected the campus for weeks. This article reflects on the experiences of university leaders and facility managers as they provided…

Lawrence, Heather; Shafer, Duane

2007-01-01

290

Operation of the Nuclear Radiation Center as an all-university facility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The TRIGA at WSU is part of an all university research unit and its structure and work organization are presented. The facility seeks users from the university and from outside the university. In many cases projects are jointly sponsored by NRC faculty together with faculty from elsewhere on campus. In other cases neutrons or free use of other equipment is provided. The promotional efforts are rather sharply focused on environmental and health related problems. The effects of the institutional arrangement on the operation of the Centre are discussed

1972-02-21

291

Protocolos de Montreal e Kyoto: pontos em comum e diferenças fundamentais Montreal and Kyoto Protocols: common points and essential differences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os Protocolos de Montreal e Kyoto, tratados internacionais de defesa do meio ambiente e da vida, controlam gases que provocam o buraco na camada de ozônio e o efeito estufa, respectivamente, resultantes de atividades industriais e uso da terra. O artigo enfatiza pontos comuns e diferenças entre eles, fornecendo atualização dos protocolos.Montreal and Kyoto Protocols, international treaties, aim at safeguarding the environment and life by controlling the use of gases which deplete the ozone layer and cause the greenhouse effect, respectively, due to industrial and land use activities. The article highlights common points and differences and provides an update discussion about the protocols.

Darly Henriques da Silva

2009-12-01

292

The role of university hospitals as centers of excellence for shared health-care-delivery of in- and outpatients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Problem. Health care delivery in Germany has to face severe challenges that will lead to a closer integration of services for in- and out-patients. University hospitals play an important role due to their activities in research, education and health care delivery. They are requested to promote and evaluate new means and ways for health care delivery. Methods. The Institute of Clinical Radiology at the University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University started teleradiological services for hospitals and general practices in January 1999 in the framework of the ''Imaging services - teleradiological center of excellence''. Legal, technical and organizational prerequisites were analyzed. Results. Networks between university hospitals and general practices are not likely to solve all future problems. They will, however, increase the availability of the knowledge of experts even in rural areas and contribute to a quality ensured health care at the patients home. Future developments may lead to international co-operations and such services may be available to patients abroad. Conclusion. Legal, technical and organizational obstacles have to be overcome to create a framework for high quality telemedical applications. University hospitals will play an important role in promoting and evaluating teleradiological services. (orig.)

2002-02-01

293

The Kyoto mechanisms. Opportunities and barriers for the trade  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Kyoto Mechanisms are the basis for emerging global markets for greenhouse gas emission permits. This paper explores opportunities arising for companies in greenhouse gas emitting industries, and discusses possible barriers. Starting point is an examination of the basic nature of Joint Implementation, Clean Development Mechanism and International Emissions Trading

2001-03-01

294

The Kyoto Protocol and the coal industry in Colombia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this article is studied the possible incidence of the commitments reached in the Kyoto Protocol on the coal market, making emphasis in the Colombian case. Projections, made in a study of Hill y Associates, points out that in a scenario of greenhouse gases emissions reduction, the market of the thermal coal will be seriously affected by the incidence on their demand

1997-12-01

295

Making it work: Kyoto, trade and politics : Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this document, the author examines the constraints that would be placed on policy makers in the event of the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, and how it would affect trade agreements and federalism in Canada. A description of the Protocol and the concessions (carbon sinks and international emissions trading) gained by Canada are presented at the beginning of the document. The author offers several conclusions that could disturb both proponents and opponents of the Kyoto Protocol. It is said that the implementation of Kyoto can take a route other than that of drastic domestic emissions reductions, and this position is explored in the second section. The author indicates that corporate competitiveness could be boosted by strict environmental regulations. A range of policies that could be adopted by Canada, as proposed by numerous organizations, are highlighted in the third section of the document. The point of the World Trade Organization and the constraints imposed are not necessarily preventing all types of actions. However, the author is of the opinion that the North America Free Trade Agreement represents a real threat to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Finally, it is indicated that Canada requires a national electricity policy, where big hydro utilities and public investment have major roles to play

2002-01-01

296

Costs and results of the implementation of the Kyoto Mechanisms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Unrestricted use of the Kyoto Mechanisms yields substantial cost savings on the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Annex-I emission trading can cut compliance costs by more than a third while global trading can further reduce costs to a fraction of the amount without emission trading. In absolute terms, emission trading may reduce compliance costs up to $300 billion and bring down the permit price below $5 t/CO2. Restricting the use of the Kyoto Mechanisms, such as ceiling on the sales or purchases of emission permits wipes out a substantial part of these cost savings. A ceiling on permits sales has probably a larger impact on emission trading than limiting purchases; mainly the buyers suffer since they have to pay more for emission permits as well as take more expensive domestic measures to reduce emissions. The EU-proposal for a ceiling on both permit sales and purchases favours the USA but harms the EU, a result opposite the negotiating positions of both parties on this subject. Market power and market segmentation also imply limiting the flexibility of emission trading and hence increase compliance costs. The Kyoto Mechanisms have a strong but varying impact on carbon leakage. Without emission trading, carbon leakage is about 10-20% but since Annex-I trading lowers the permit price, the impact on energy prices is lower and hence carbon leakage is only 3-7%. CDM on the other hand increases carbon leakage to 30-40%

2001-01-01

297

Making it work: Kyoto, trade and politics : Executive summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this document, the author examines the constraints that would be placed on policy makers in the event of the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, and how it would affect trade agreements and federalism in Canada. A description of the Protocol and the concessions (carbon sinks and international emissions trading) gained by Canada are presented at the beginning of the document. The author offers several conclusions that could disturb both proponents and opponents of the Kyoto Protocol. It is said that the implementation of Kyoto can take a route other than that of drastic domestic emissions reductions, and this position is explored in the second section. The author indicates that corporate competitiveness could be boosted by strict environmental regulations. A range of policies that could be adopted by Canada, as proposed by numerous organizations, are highlighted in the third section of the document. The point of the World Trade Organization and the constraints imposed are not necessarily preventing all types of actions. However, the author is of the opinion that the North America Free Trade Agreement represents a real threat to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Finally, it is indicated that Canada requires a national electricity policy, where big hydro utilities and public investment have major roles to play.

Urquhar, I.

2002-11-01

298

Ocean iron fertilization in the context of the Kyoto protocol and the post-Kyoto process  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Ocean iron fertilization is currently discussed as a potential measure to mitigate climate change by enhancing oceanic CO{sub 2} uptake. Its mitigation potential is not yet well explored, and carbon offsets generated through iron fertilization activities could currently not be traded on regulated carbon markets. Still, commercial interests in ocean iron fertilization already exist, which underlines the need to investigate a possible regulatory framework for it. To this end, I first discuss important basic aspects of ocean iron fertilization, namely its scientific background, quantitative potential, side effects, and costs. In a second step, I review regulatory aspects connected to ocean iron fertilization, like its legal status and open access issues. Moreover, I analyze how the regulations for afforestation and reforestation activities within the framework of the Kyoto Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) could be applied to ocean iron fertilization. Main findings are that the quantitative potential of ocean iron fertilization is limited, that costs are higher than initially hoped, and that potential adverse side effects are severe. Moreover, the legal status of ocean iron fertilization is currently not well defined, open access might cause inefficiencies, and the CDM regulations could not be easily applied to ocean iron fertilization. (author)

Bertram, Christine [Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Duesternbrooker Weg 120, 24105 Kiel (Germany)

2010-02-15

299

Ocean fertilization, carbon credits and the Kyoto Protocol  

Science.gov (United States)

Commercial interest in ocean fertilization as a carbon sequestration tool was excited by the December 1997 agreement of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Convention on Climate Change. The Protocol commits industrialized countries to caps on net greenhouse gas emissions and allows for various flexible mechanisms to achieve these caps in the most economically efficient manner possible, including trade in carbon credits from projects that reduce emissions or enhance sinks. The carbon market was valued at 64 billion in 2007, with the bulk of the trading (50 billion) taking place in the highly regulated European Union Emission Trading Scheme, which deals primarily in emission allowances in the energy sector. A much smaller amount, worth $265 million, was traded in the largely unregulated "voluntary" market (Capoor and Ambrosi 2008). As the voluntary market grows, so do calls for its regulation, with several efforts underway to set rules and standards for the sale of voluntary carbon credits using the Kyoto Protocol as a starting point. Four US-based companies and an Australian company currently seek to develop ocean fertilization technologies for the generation of carbon credits. We review these plans through the lens of the Kyoto Protocol and its flexible mechanisms, and examine whether and how ocean fertilization could generate tradable carbon credits. We note that at present, ocean sinks are not included in the Kyoto Protocol, and that furthermore, the Kyoto Protocol only addresses sources and sinks of greenhouse gases within national boundaries, making open-ocean fertilization projects a jurisdictional challenge. We discuss the negotiating history behind the limited inclusion of land use, land use change and forestry in the Kyoto Protocol and the controversy and eventual compromise concerning methodologies for terrestrial carbon accounting. We conclude that current technologies for measuring and monitoring carbon sequestration following ocean fertilization are unlikely to meet the Kyoto Protocol's verification and accounting standards for trading carbon credits on the regulated market. The marketability of ocean fertilization in the voluntary carbon marketplace will likely depend on companies' efforts to minimize environmental risks and consumers' willingness to accept remaining risks.

Westley, M. B.; Gnanadesikan, A.

2008-12-01

300

Update and Expansion of the Center of Automotive Technology Excellence Under the Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville has completed its seventh year of operation under this agreement, its thirteenth year in total. During this period the Center has involved eleven GATE Fellows and three GATE Research Assistants in preparing them to contribute to advanced automotive technologies in the center’s focus area: Advanced Hybrid Propulsion and Control Systems. In addition to the impact that the Center has had on the students and faculty involved, the presence of the center has led to the acquisition of resources that probably would not have been obtained if the GATE Center had not existed. Significant industry interaction such as equipment donations, and support for GATE students has been realized. The value of the total resources brought to the university (including related research contracts) exceeds $2,000,000.

Irick, David

2012-08-30

 
 
 
 
301

Public Outreach at Appalachian State University's Dark Sky Observatory Cline Visitor Center  

Science.gov (United States)

With the recent completion of the Cline Visitor Center we have begun a program of public nights at our Dark Sky Observatory's 32-inch telescope. Events are ticketed online using an inexpensive commercial ticketing service and are limited to two groups of 60 visitors per night that arrive for 1.5-hour sessions. We are installing two large (70-inch) flat panel displays in the Center and planning additional exhibits to entertain visitors while they await their turn at the telescope's eyepiece. The facility is fully ADA compliant, with eyepiece access via a DFM Engineering Articulated Relay Eyepiece, and a wheelchair lift if needed. We present some of our experiences in this poster and encourage readers to offer suggestions. The Visitor Center was established with the support of Mr. J. Donald Cline, for which we are very grateful. The telescope was partially funded by the National Science Foundation.

Caton, Daniel B.; Hawkins, L.; Smith, A. B.

2012-01-01

302

Costs and results of the implementation of the Kyoto Mechanisms; Kosten en gevolgen bij de toepassing van de Kyoto Mechanismen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Unrestricted use of the Kyoto Mechanisms yields substantial cost savings on the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Annex-I emission trading can cut compliance costs by more than a third while global trading can further reduce costs to a fraction of the amount without emission trading. In absolute terms, emission trading may reduce compliance costs up to $300 billion and bring down the permit price below $5 t/CO2. Restricting the use of the Kyoto Mechanisms, such as ceiling on the sales or purchases of emission permits wipes out a substantial part of these cost savings. A ceiling on permits sales has probably a larger impact on emission trading than limiting purchases; mainly the buyers suffer since they have to pay more for emission permits as well as take more expensive domestic measures to reduce emissions. The EU-proposal for a ceiling on both permit sales and purchases favours the USA but harms the EU, a result opposite the negotiating positions of both parties on this subject. Market power and market segmentation also imply limiting the flexibility of emission trading and hence increase compliance costs. The Kyoto Mechanisms have a strong but varying impact on carbon leakage. Without emission trading, carbon leakage is about 10-20% but since Annex-I trading lowers the permit price, the impact on energy prices is lower and hence carbon leakage is only 3-7%. CDM on the other hand increases carbon leakage to 30-40%. [Dutch] Onbeperkte toepassing van de Kyoto Mechanismen kan de kosten van uitvoering van het Kyoto Protocol substantieel verlagen. Vrije emissiehandel tussen Annex-I landen vermindert de kosten met meer dan een derde terwijl mondiale emissiehandel de kosten substantieel verder doet dalen tot een fractie van het bedrag wanneer landen hun Kyoto-doelen op eigen kracht moeten halen. In absolute termen kunnen de totale kosten door mondiale handel tot $300 miljard worden verminderd. De prijs van emissie-eenheden ligt tussen $7 en $25 per ton CO2 bij Annex-I handel en onder de $5 per ton CO2 bij mondiale handel. Beperkingen op de toepassing van de Kyoto Mechanismen, zoals plafonds op aan- en verkopen van emissie-eenheden, impliceren echter hogere kosten om aan het Kyoto Protocol te voldoen. Een handelsplafond op verkopen is mogelijk meer van invloed omdat de gevolgen eerder merkbaar zijn. Vooral de vragers zullen hierbij de nadelen ervaren omdat zij zowel een hogere prijs op de emissiemarkt moeten betalen als meer en duurdere binnenlandse maatregelen moeten treffen. Het EU-voorstel voor een plafond op zowel aan- als verkopen werkt in het voordeel van de USA en het nadeel van de EU, een resultaat dat tegengesteld is aan de onderhandelingsposities die beide partijen hierover innemen. Ook marktmacht en marktsegmentatie betekenen een beperking op vrije emissiehandel en dus hogere kosten. De Kyoto Mechanismen hebben een sterke maar wisselende invloed op het CO2-weglekeffect. Zonder handel bedraagt dit effect 10-20%, maar Annex-I handel verlaagt dit tot 3-7% omdat de lagere prijs van emissie-eenheden de doorwerking op de energieprijs verkleint. Het CDM daarentegen vergroot het weglek-effect tot 30-40%.

De Moor, A.O.G.; Bollen, J.C.

2001-05-01

303

Universe  

Science.gov (United States)

The Universe SciPack explores the ways scientists learn about the universe and the current ideas about the origins and formation of the universe. The focus is on Standards and Benchmarks related to the universe including how the universe was formed, formation and destruction of stars and characteristics of the sun and stars in terms of size and composition.In addition to comprehensive inquiry-based learning materials tied to Science Education Standards and Benchmarks, the SciPack includes the following additional components:� Pedagogical Implications section addressing common misconceptions, teaching resources and strand maps linking grade band appropriate content to standards. � Access to one-on-one support via e-mail to content "Wizards".� Final Assessment which can be used to certify mastery of the concepts.Learning Outcomes:Universe: How We Know What We Know� Select the right instrument given something specific to learn about the universe.� Describe, in simple terms, how scientists analyze light to learn about objects in the universe.� Describe what the study of light can tell us about objects in the universe.� Understand the various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum and how the various wavelengths can provide astronomers with different information.� Recognize that astronomers study a wide range of electromagnetic waves, not restricted to visible light.Universe: The Sun as a Star� Reject common misconceptions, such as stars are bits of the Sun. � List characteristics of the Sun that match the definition of a star.� Accurately compare and contrast the characteristics of the Sun with other stars (e.g., mass, distance, size, color).� Recognize the rough ratio of the distance to the Sun and the distance to the next nearest stars on a human scale (i.e., if the sun is 10 feet away, roughly how far is the next nearest star?).� Select the rough estimate of the travel time (at speed of light) to next nearest star from a list.� Describe how astronomers determined that the stars were just like the Sun.Universe: Birth, Life, and Death of Stars� Recount key aspects of the stellar life cycle. � Recognize the variables and conditions that would be needed to make predictions about the life cycle of a star, including the prominent role of initial mass. � Determine whether a reasonable prediction can be made, given certain knowns and unknowns.� Explain how the elements that compose our planet and solar system (and the rest of the universe) were formed.� Explain where the energy released by our Sun and other stars comes from.Universe: The Universe Beyond our Solar System� Arrange various objects in order of size and distance, ranging from space probes and moons to galaxies and galactic clusters.� Catalogue, in simple terms, the objects within a galaxy.� Generally explain "what is within what" (planetary systems, star clusters, galaxies, etc.).� Describe the location of our solar system within the Milky Way galaxy.� Describe the limitations of using parallax, radar, and brightness to measure the distance of objects from Earth, and classify objects whose distance from Earth could be accurately measured using each type of measurement strategy.Universe: The Origin and Evolution of the Universe� Provide a basic description of the conditions at the beginning of the universe.� Give the approximate age of the universe.� Recognize the scientific account of the current state of the universe given different explanations.� Explain the evidence for an expanding universe.� Describe, in simple terms, how scientists use observations of position and motion to learn about objects in the universe.

National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)

2007-03-21

304

The Federal Collection Center and its contribution in building the library collection of the National and University Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The transfer of library collections from the disbanded Austrian monasteries to lyceum and university libraries at the end of 18th century stimulated the development of these libraries and also the development of the Ljubljana Lyceum Library similar phenomena happened shortly after World War II, when some 400.000 books, mostly from con fiscated private libraries, ended up in state libraries - a number of them in The National and University Library. The preserved documents prove that The Book Office of the Federal Collection Center, which was executing the transfer and distribution of library material, tried to put some sense of order into the elemental forces of the post war period and its endeavours contributed to the preservation of this library material.

Eva Kodri?-Da?i?

2000-01-01

305

Final Report for The University of Texas at Arlington Optical Medical Imaging Section of Advanced Imaging Research Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The goal of this project was to create state-of-the-art optical medical imaging laboratories for the Biomedical Engineering faculty and student researchers of the University of Texas at Arlington (UTA) on the campus of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UTSW). This has been successfully achieved. These laboratories provide an unprecedented opportunity for the bioengineers (from UTA) to bring about new breakthroughs in medical imaging using optics. Specifically, three major laboratories have been successfully established and state-of-the-art scientific instruments have been placed in the labs. As a result of this grant, numerous journal and conference publications have been generated, patents for new inventions have been filed and received, and many additional grants for the continuation of the research has been received.

Khosrow Behbehani

2013-02-26

306

Developing an Ongoing Collaboration between Metropolitan Nashville-Davidson County Health Department and Vanderbilt University Medical Center Clinicians. Abstract, Executive Summary and Final Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

This project was a collaboration between the Metropolitan Nashville/Davidson County Health Department and Vanderbilt University Medical Center Clinicians. The goal was to begin bridging the gap between community practitioners, academia and public health i...

P. A. Chapdelaine

1998-01-01

307

Improvement of cryogenic 3-dimensional observation system of soft x-ray microscope at the SR center of Ritsumeikan University  

Science.gov (United States)

The improvements of a soft x-ray microscope beamline (BL-12) at the SR center of Ritsumeikan University are reported. A wedge-shaped slit and Si plane mirror were newly introduced. The better energy resolution was expected and the +2nd order diffraction from the CZP (1.2 nm at 2.4 nm observation) was suppressed. A new sample holding fixture allows the sample to be replaced quickly and accurately. A new sample cooling system allowed a stable cryogenic x-ray imaging.

Takemoto, K.; Usui, K.; Ohigashi, T.; Fujii, H.; Yoshimura, M.; Namba, H.; Kihara, H.

2013-10-01

308

A Three Year Undergraduate Program (B.SC) in Medical Radiation Physics in the Ariel University Center of Samaria  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A three year undergraduate program (B.Sc.) in Medical Radiation Physics was established in the Ariel University Center of Samaria. The program was submitted to the Council of Higher Education (MALAG) in 2003 and was finally approved by the Council on October 2005. Registration for the first class was announced in January 2006. Studies started on October 2006. Of 24 candidates who applied, 16 were admitted. 12 of the 16 students completed their study duties in the first year. All of them started their second year studies in October 2007

2008-02-19

309

Enjoying the Roller Coaster Ride: Directors' Perspectives on Fostering Staff Morale in University Counseling Centers  

Science.gov (United States)

The demand for mental health services in higher education settings continues to increase and places more pressure on staff, highlighting further the importance of good staff morale in these agencies. This task of bolstering staff morale is often placed primarily on the shoulders of counseling center directors. The present article outlines several…

Eells, Gregory T.; Seals, Tom; Rockett, Jeri; Hayes, Denise

2005-01-01

310

Building a Creative-Arts Therapy Group at a University Counseling Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Creative-arts therapy groups offer university students powerful ways to address intrapersonal and interpersonal concerns. These groups combine the strengths of a traditional process group with the benefits of participation in the expressive arts. The creative process draws students in, invites insight and introspection, and facilitates outward…

Boldt, Randal W.; Paul, Sherin

2011-01-01

311

An example of a DOE [Department of Energy]/university partnership: South Carolina Pilot Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A consortium of educational institutions in South Carolina proposed to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in July 1989 a working partnership for mutual improvement of technical capability in the environmental restoration and waste management fields. The institutions forming the consortium are Clemson University, the University of South Carolina, the Medical University of South Carolina, and South Carolina State College. A major component of the partnership is applied research closely coupled with the problems and issues of the Savannah River site regarding demonstration of waste management processes and concepts of disposal and disposal site closure. A primary benefit to DOE from this partnership is expected to be improved public perception of the actions being taken by DOE to protect the public, particularly in areas of environmental restoration and waste management. It is evident at the Savannah River site that this is a key factor in successfully achieving the site's mission. The strength of the interest of the South Carolina institutions in developing initiatives in waste management forecasts a healthy long-term prospect for the partnership. The State of South Carolina has established a hazardous waste research fund of approximately $650 thousand annually for research by the partnership universities to seek better ways to maintain a healthy environment and to reduce, dispose of, or store waste products safely

1990-06-01

312

When the library is located in prime real estate: a case study on the loss of space from the Duke University Medical Center Library and Archives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Duke University Medical Center Library and Archives is located in the heart of the Duke Medicine campus, surrounded by Duke Hospital, ambulatory clinics, and numerous research facilities. Its location is considered prime real estate, given its adjacency to patient care, research, and educational activities. In 2005, the Duke University Library Space Planning Committee had recommended creating a learning center in the library that would support a variety of educational activities. However,...

Thibodeau, Patricia L.

2010-01-01

313

Submission to the British Columbia government on the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Business Council provided its comments concerning the Kyoto Protocol and climate change to the government of British Columbia, recommending that a clear position be established quickly on the matter. The adopted position should also be disseminated broadly to allow stake holders sufficient time to prepare for the upcoming meetings of the Joint Ministers and First Ministers. The federal government has announced that the decision on whether to ratify the Kyoto Protocol will be made before the end of 2002, and this decision will have numerous effects on the people of British Columbia, businesses, workers, and consumers alike. The Business Council of British Columbia believes that the unique interests of the province can best be protected by a proactive approach. Actions plans are being prepared by several of the other provinces and territories, who have already stated their position concerning the Kyoto Protocol. The long-term risks of climate change for British Columbia have not been determined nor have the elements of a provincial approach. The following elements should be included in British Columbia's position on the Kyoto Protocol, according to the Business Council of British Columbia: (1) a credible and cost-effective implementation plan that does not unduly burden the province and other jurisdictions must be developed before Canada decides to ratify the Protocol. British Columbia should go on the record stating it does not support the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in its present form. (2) the province should advocate for a national approach to climate change that can be achieved within a reasonable time frame, reflects the long-term nature of the problem, and is in agreement with the economic development objectives of British Columbia, (3) a plan detailing how the province intends to deal with the growth of greenhouse gas emissions should supplement and support the position of the province on the Kyoto Protocol. Consumers and business should be engaged in the development of measures to reduce the intensity of emissions of the province's economy.

NONE

2002-09-01

314

Analytic formulae for the off-center CMB anisotropy in a general spherically symmetric universe  

CERN Document Server

The local void model has recently attracted considerable attention because it can explain the apparent accelerated expansion of the present universe without introducing dark energy. However, in order to justify this model as an alternative to the standard $\\Lambda$CDM cosmology, the model should be tested by various observations, such as the CMB temperature anisotropy, besides the distance-redshift relation of SNIa. For this purpose, we derive analytic formulae for the dipole and quadrupole moments of the CMB temperature anisotropy that hold for any spherically symmetric universe model and can be used to compare consequences of such a model with observations of the CMB temperature anisotropy rigorously. We check that our formulae are consistent with the numerical studies previously made for the CMB temperature anisotropy in the void model. We also update the constraints concerning the location of the observers in the void model by applying our analytic dipole formula with the latest WMAP data.

Kodama, Hideo; Ishibashi, Akihiro

2010-01-01

315

Non-Kyoto Radiative Forcing in Long-Run Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Climate Change Scenarios  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Climate policies designed to achieve climate change objectives must consider radiative forcing from the Kyoto greenhouse gas, as well as other forcing constituents, such as aerosols and tropospheric ozone. Net positive forcing leads to global average temperature increases. Modeling of non-Kyoto forcing is a relatively new component of climate management scenarios. Five of the nineteen models in the EMF-27 Study model both Kyoto and non-Kyoto forcing. This paper describes and assesses current non-Kyoto radiative forcing modeling within these integrated assessment models. The study finds negative forcing from aerosols masking significant positive forcing in reference non-climate policy projections. There are however large differences across models in projected non-Kyoto emissions and forcing, with differences stemming from differences in relationships between Kyoto and non-Kyoto emissions and fundamental differences in modeling structure and assumptions. Air pollution and non-Kyoto forcing decline in the climate policy scenarios. However, non-Kyoto forcing appears to be influencing mitigation results, including allowable carbon dioxide emissions, and further evaluation is merited. Overall, there is substantial uncertainty related to non-Kyoto forcing that must be considered.

Rose, Steven K.; Richels, Richard G.; Smith, Steven J.; Riahi, Keywan; Stefler, Jessica; Van Vuuren, Detlef

2014-04-27

316

The supernova Hubble diagram for off-center observers in a spherically symmetric inhomogeneous universe  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We have previously shown that spherically symmetric, inhomogeneous universe models can explain both the supernova data and the location of the first peak in the CMB spectrum without resorting to dark energy. In this work, we investigate whether it is possible to get an even better fit to the supernova data by allowing the observer to be positioned away from the origin in the spherically symmetric coordinate system. In such a scenario, the observer sees an anisotropic relatio...

Alnes, Havard; Amarzguioui, Morad

2006-01-01

317

Neurosurgery at the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem.  

Science.gov (United States)

Henrietta Szold founded the Hadassah Women's Organization in the United States in 1912 to alleviate widespread disease and poverty in Jerusalem. In 1918, the Rothschild-Hadassah Hospital and the Hadassah School of Nursing opened in central Jerusalem. Chaim Weizmann and Albert Einstein, together with a small group of visionaries, founded the Hebrew University in 1923. After 1933, many physicians and scientists fled from Europe to Jerusalem, where they carried on their tradition of academic research at the university and Hadassah, and British military doctors joined medical rounds and lectures at Hadassah beginning in the 1930s. Young physicians who had graduated from European medical schools were trained in the subspecialties at Hadassah beginning in the 1940s, and the Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School enrolled its first class in 1949. These were the first academic institutions of their kind in Israel. The Department of Neurosurgery at Hadassah was established in 1941 under the leadership of Dr. Henry Wigderson, who was recruited from the United States. Dr. Aaron Beller became chairman in 1951, Dr. Mordechai Shalit became chairman in 1977, and Dr. Felix Umansky, the current chairman, was appointed in 1993. Today, more than 900 neurosurgical procedures spanning the spectrum of subspecialties and using state-of-the-art techniques and equipment are performed annually. PMID:15854262

Segal, Ricardo; Shoshan, Yigal; Israel, Zvi; Spektor, Sergey; Cohen, Jose; Fraifeld, Shifra; Umansky, Felix

2005-05-01

318

Quality assessment of family planning counseling in health and treatment centers, affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study is a descriptive one made for the purpose of quality assessment of family planning counseling in health and treatment centers affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences in year 2000. 410 client of the Family Planning Social Services who had attended 25 health and treatment centers affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences were participated in this research study. A checklist was completed through the observation of family planning counseling sessions. The finding and results of this study showed that personnel's behaviour and the quality of family planning counseling for the majority of samples in the first section have been suitable. In the section of the history taking from clients helping them to select suitable method and to determine next appointment, data for the majority of samples in this study have been in an average level. In the section of need understanding of clients introductory methods providing information the audiovisual training equipments used during family planning counseling, explanation of way of utilizing the selected method, and finally the environment for family planning counseling have not been suitable for majority of the samples. The findings of this study can be beneficial for public health planning in order to improve the quality of the family planning services.

Pakgohar

2002-11-01

319

Analyzing the economic cost of the Kyoto protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper examines the cost of meeting the Kyoto Protocol commitments under alternative assumptions regarding technology and technical change. Real GDP is modeled as a function of the capital, labor, and energy inputs. The analysis is based on data for 23 Annex 1 countries from 1965 to 1999. Two important results emerge. First, the standard assumption of Hicks neutral technical change and time and scale independent output elasticities is not supported by the data. Second, when technical change is allowed to be biased in favor of the energy and capital inputs, and when the output elasticities vary with the level of factor use and over time, the loss in real GDP due to the Kyoto commitments rises substantially. On average, the loss in real GDP is one and a half times higher than obtained under the standard assumptions. 26 refs

2001-07-01

320

Can Equity Enhance Efficiency? Lessons from the Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper analyses the relationship between different equity rules and the incentives to sign and ratify a climate agreement. A widespread conjecture suggests that a more equitable ex-ante distribution of the burden of reducing emissions would provide the right incentives for more countries - particularly big emitters - to accept an emission reduction scheme defined within an international climate agreement. This paper shows that this conjecture is only partly supported by the empirical evidence that can be derived from the Kyoto Protocol. Even though more equitable burden sharing rules provide better incentives to sign and ratify a climate agreement than the burden-sharing rule implicit in the Kyoto Protocol, a stable global agreement cannot be achieved. A possible strategy to achieve a global agreement without free-riding incentives is a policy mix in which global emission trading is coupled with a transfer mechanism designed to offset ex-post incentives to free ride

2001-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Strain differences in baroceptor reflex in adult Wistar Kyoto rats  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVES: A subset of normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats show lower baroreflex sensitivity; however, no previous study investigated whether there are differences in baroreflex sensitivity within this subset. Our study compared baroreflex sensitivity among conscious rats of this specific subtype. METHODS: Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats (16 weeks old) were studied. Cannulas were inserted into the abdominal aortic artery through the right femoral artery to measure mean arterial pressure (MAP) and ...

Valenti, Vitor E.; Luiz Carlos de Abreu; Caio Imaizumi; Márcio Petenusso; Celso Ferreira

2010-01-01

322

An evaluation of business implications of the Kyoto Protocol  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This report has been commissioned by Norsk Hydro ASA and written in November-December 2001. The aim of the report is to present and analyze the newest developments in the climate negotiations, particularly the seventh Conference of the Parties to the Climate Convention in Marrakech, Morocco, in October/November 2001, and to provide an evaluation of what the finalized Kyoto Protocol means for business. The report is organized as a collection of slides with supporting text explaining the backgr...

Torvanger, Asbjørn

2001-01-01

323

Protocole de Kyoto : aménagement du territoire, mobilité et urbanisme  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

L'ouvrage analyse différentes mesures pour faciliter l'adhésion de la Région wallonne au Protocole de Kyoto. Trois types de mesures sont présentées en vue de réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre : des mesures pour limiter la croissance de la mobilité en voiture; pour améliorer les performances énergétiques en matière d'urbanisme et pour limiter les effets de la modification des régimes hydriques.

2005-01-01

324

Program of Research in Flight Dynamics, The George Washington University at NASA Langley Research Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The program objectives are fully defined in the original proposal entitled Program of Research in Flight Dynamics in GW at NASA Langley Research Center, which was originated March 20, 1975, and in the renewals of the research program from January 1, 2003 to September 30, 2005. The program in its present form includes three major topics: 1. the improvement of existing methods and development of new methods for wind tunnel and flight data analysis, 2. the application of these methods to wind tunnel and flight test data obtained from advanced airplanes, 3. the correlation of flight results with wind tunnel measurements, and theoretical predictions.

Murphy, Patrick C. (Technical Monitor); Klein, Vladislav

2005-01-01

325

Corrosion Research Center of the University of Minnesota. Progress report, January 1-December 31, 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many of the projects which began with the inception of the Corrosion Research Center in early 1980 have progressed from the stage of acquisition and assembly of apparatus to that of generation of research results. In the area of research on surface reactions, notable progress has been made on the microscopic theory of corrosion, most importantly the recognition that the quantum mechanical depletion layer at the metal layer makes an appreciable contribution to the potential drop across the metal-electrolyte interface and to the capacitance of the interface

1982-01-01

326

Corrosion Research Center of the University of Minnesota. Progress report, July 1, 1980-December 31, 1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At present, the research ranges from the quantum mechanics of the corrosion unit reactions, organic and inorganic coatings, surface reactions on polymers, metals and semiconductors to high-temperature chemistry of interest to solar-energy conversion. A second objective of the Center is to increase the utilization of corrosion data by the technical community through education and through the dissemination of appropriately formatted information. At present, two projects are in the planning stage for the near future. One is a pedagogical symposium on corrosion in microelectronic components and systems; the other is a series of lectures and videotapes, as well as a workshop on cathodic protection

1981-01-01

327

Cost saving methods in University/Health Center radioactive waste disposal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A brief description is given of the various measures that have been, are being, and will soon be instituted by the Radiation Safety Office of Temple University, Philadelphia to reduce the volume of radioactive waste transferred to commercial handlers. The categories of waste considered are 1) liquid scintillation vials containing 3H or 14C in concentrations 3H or 14C in average concentrations 3H or 14C and 5) nuclear medicine waste. The alternative radioactive waste processing procedures will result in a 47% reduction in expenditure. (U.K.)

1982-01-01

328

As if Kyoto mattered: The clean development mechanism and transportation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Transportation is a major source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the most rapidly growing anthropogenic source. In the future, the developing world will account for the largest share of transport GHG increases. Four basic components drive transportation energy consumption and GHG emissions: activities (A), mode share (S), fuel intensity (I) and fuel choice (F) (ASIF). Currently, the Kyoto Protocol's clean development mechanism (CDM) serves as the main international market-based tool designed to reduce GHG emissions from the developing world. Theoretically, the CDM has the dual purpose of helping developing countries achieve 'sustainable development' goals and industrialized countries meet their Kyoto emissions reduction commitments. This paper reviews overall CDM activities and transportation CDM activities to date and then presents findings from three case studies of transportation CDM possibilities examined with the ASIF framework in Santiago de Chile. The analysis suggests that bus technology switch (I) provides a fairly good project fit for the CDM, while options aimed at inducing mode share (S) to bicycle, or modifying travel demand via land use changes (ASI) face considerable challenges. The implications of the findings for the CDM and the 'post-Kyoto' world are discussed

2007-10-01

329

[Implementation of the Kyoto obligation and the climate change debate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The importance of cooperative international implementation mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol was emphasized. In December 1997, more than 50 countries signed the Protocol, although to date, none has ratified it. Canada agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by six per cent below 1990 levels by 2008-2012. Implications of this commitment and Canada's ability to make good on the commitment were assessed. The federal government has launched several initiatives to build awareness among Canadians to the climate change issue, and some 450 of the best experts are engaged in trying to identify the obstacles that need to be overcome, the prime opportunities that could be seized, the best practices and how they might be more broadly applied, and to find options in all the sectors of the economy that could bring us to '1990 minus 6'. The objective is clear: an implementation strategy that is effective and meets our Kyoto obligation, is compatible with sustained growth of the economy and maintains or increases our international competitiveness in a number of areas. While an effective implementation strategy will most likely include major changes in lifestyle, in energy efficiency and in energy utilization, the author's view is that Canada has the expertise, the means and the collective will to achieve the target. Canada should also increase its efforts to ensure that some of the key developing countries cooperate in the post Kyoto process. This will not be easy since it involves working with the largest greenhouse gas emitters in the developing world

1998-09-30

330

Rethinking the options. Kyoto's flexible mechanisms and nuclear power  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cutting emissions of greenhouse gases is a major aim of the Kyoto Protocol that countries have adopted in december 1997. But the cuts will not be easy to achieve, reductions of the magnitude postulated in the Protocol would involve a substantial restructuring of energy production and use in most industrialised countries. In November this year, the Sixth Conference of Parties will continue negotiating the rules and regulations for the flexible mechanisms of Kyoto Protocol. Previous Conferences of Parties avoided a formal debate about a nuclear role. It remains to be seen whether nuclear power will be included as a clean and sustainable technology. The role of nuclear power needs to be reconsidered, given the potential risk of climatic change, and the very technically and economically feasible means of drastically mitigating greenhouse gases emission in the short run. Nuclear energy can generate cost-effective tradable emissions credits and it would be highly discriminatory not to allow developing countries to exercise similar options as the industrialised ones, like Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) modeled after the concept of Joint Implementation adopted at the Kyoto Conference. The CDM reinforces the key role developing countries can play in solving the problem of limiting future emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, while meeting their justifiable needs for economic development. Financing nuclear power projects in developing countries in exchange for emission credits meets both goals

2000-06-01

331

ARCC@UWM: The Arecibo Remote Command Center at the University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee  

Science.gov (United States)

A low frequency stochastic background of gravitational waves could be detected by pulsar timing experiments in the next five to ten years. Increasing the number of time of arrival data sets available for gravitational wave searches will improve the sensitivity of a pulsar based gravitational wave detector. To achieve this goal, a group of faculty, staff, postdoctoral researchers, and a graduate student at the University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee are participating in a broad effort to increase the number of known stable pulsars collecting and analyzing the pulsar Arecibo L-band Feed Array (P-ALFA) survey data, and the Green Bank Northern Celestial Cap survey data. We have followed the pioneering model started at the University of Texas-Brownsville (UTB) to involve undergraduate and high school students in this research. In close collaboration with the group at UTB we have engaged two local high school teachers, several high school students, and about 15 UWM undergraduates in remotely commanding and observing using the Arecibo radio telescope and the Green Bank telescope, in searches in the collected data for new candidate pulsars, and follow-up observations of of potential pulsar candidates. In addition, the group is using its expertise in LIGO data analysis to improve gravitational wave searches in pulsar timing data.

Siemens, Xavier; Biwer, C.; Clayton, J.; Creighton, J.; Day, D.; Erb, D.; Gustavson, K.; Jenet, F.; Kaplan, D.; Karr, R.; Rohr, M.; Stovall, K.

2011-01-01

332

Kyoto mechanisms: opportunities and barriers for industries; Meccanismi di Kyoto. Opportunita' e ostacoli per le imprese  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Mechanisms are the basis for emerging global markets for greenhouse gas emission permits. This paper explores opportunities arising for companies in greenhouse gas emitting industries, and discusses possible barriers. Starting point is an examination of the basic nature of Joint Implementation, Clean Development Mechanism and International Emissions Trading. [Italian] I meccanismi di Kyoto sono la base dei mercati globali per le riduzioni di emissioni di gas serra. Questo articolo esplora le opportunita' che si aprono per le imprese, e discute possibili ostacoli. Punto di partenza e' l'esame delle qualita' essenziali e distintive della Joint Implementation, del Clean Development Mechanism e dell'International Emissions Trading.

Janssen, J. [S. Gallo Univ., S. Gallo (Switzerland). Ist. per l' Economia e l' Ambiente

2001-03-01

333

EFFECTIVENESS OF RISK MANAGEMENT IN DIRECTLY RAW MILK SELLING AT “E. AVANZI” CENTER OF PISA UNIVERSITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Authors show the results about the effectiveness verification of prevention measures adopted in raw milk directly selling at “E. Avanzi” Centre of Pisa University. The good hygienic practices applied during production, storage and selling phases demonstrated to guarantee, in raw milk, conditions complying to hygienic criteria provided for the current regulation in Tuscany. The effectiveness verification about risk communication, carried out interviewing a sample of buyers, shows as, beside a predominant attitude towards attention to potential hygienic risks, overstay areas of reduced awareness about food risk and the ways to manage prevention. Authors hope for, in this context, such as in other similar productions, the approach yet launched towards continuous improvement of good hygienic practices adopted by businesses, could be extended to risk communication, with the aim to promote conscious and responsable choices of consumer.

C. D’Ascenzi

2013-02-01

334

The Project Based Mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol. Credible Instruments or Challenges to the Integrity of the Kyoto Protocol?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The project based mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol are innovative instruments which allow projects to earn credits for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The credits can in turn be used by countries to reach their emissions targets according to the Kyoto Protocol. The Project based mechanisms are known as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and the Joint Implementation (JI). If the project based mechanisms are to be effective policy instruments they must ensure the integrity of the Kyoto Protocol, and their ability to promote and prove real emission reductions is critical. The environmental credibility of the project based mechanisms will also ensure their ability to promote cost effectiveness. Key concepts in this context are environmental and project additionality, and their role and value for the project based mechanisms are analyzed. Environmental additionality is established by comparing a project's emissions to a baseline. The baseline's credibility is thus vital. The concept of project additionality is somewhat controversial, but is nonetheless of equal importance. The case studies of CDM approved methodologies (AMs) and proposed projects suggest that there are credibility issues that need to be addressed if the project based mechanisms are to promote real emissions reductions.

Takeuchi Waldegren, Linn

2006-03-15

335

X-ray imaging of picoplankton in Lake Biwa by soft X-ray microscope at Ritsumeikan University SR Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lake Biwa is the largest lake in Japan. Recently, its chemical oxygen demand (COD) index is increasing in spite of a decrease in the values of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) index. In order to elucidate the mechanism, the first X-ray of a microstructure of picoplanktons inhabiting Lake Biwa was taken. After chemical fixation treatment, the laboratory-cultured Synechococcus cells were observed by soft X-ray microscope (BL12) of Ritsumeikan University SR Center. Each cell shows a dark sub-micron core. The low contrast region around the core can be interpreted as agar layers. The cells were estimated as 0.7{mu}m in diameter and agar layers were estimate as 1.2{mu}m in diameter. Namely the agar layer increases the quantification of organic compounds by factor of 1.7.

Takemoto, K; Ichikawa, M; Kihara, H [Department of Physics, Kansai Medical University, 18-89 Uyamahigashi, Hirakata, Osaka, 573-1136 (Japan); Ichise, S [Lake Biwa Environmental Research Institute. 5-34 Yanagasaki, Otsu, Shiga, 520-0022 (Japan); Namba, H, E-mail: takemoto@makino.kmu.ac.j [Department of Physical Science, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1, Noji-Higashi Kusatsu, Shiga, 525-8577 (Japan)

2009-09-01

336

Introduction of a learning management system for medical education at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Connected with the introduction of a learning management system at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf three different learning management systems were evaluated. Based on the purposes and demands of modern medical education the systems WebCT CE 4.0, ILIAS 3.6 and Moodle 1.5.3 were testet and evaluated.This comparison led to an installation of the learning management system Moodle, which is now used by pilot projects and is getting prepared for normal student access in autumn 2006. First experiences under practical conditions are denoted. Finally prospective subjects like the concept of support and further options of use, even in the research domain, are discussed.

Handels, Heinz

2006-11-01

337

Experimental results from solid armature tests at the Center for Electromechanics at the University of Texas at Austin  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center for Electromechanics at the University of Texas at Austin has conducted a number of solid armature tests in the 90 mm gun facility over the past two years. Several different base-push and midbody drive armatures and projectile packages have been tested in the 50 m deep vertical test range. Results from some of those tests, including in-flight photographs and X-rays, are here presented. The C-shaped armature's evolution from a base push monolithic aluminum slug to a midbody drive, two-piece armature/sabot will be discussed. Issues involved with both base push and two-part armature/sabots, and ways to deal with those issues, are addressed.

Hayes, R. J.; Hayden, T. E.

1993-01-01

338

Development of low emittance electron-gun system for linac in Research Center for Electron Photon Science, Tohoku University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new electron gun with low emittance using a LaB6 thermionic cathode and low voltage but high field gradient has been developed for use injection into old 300 MeV linac in Research Center for Electron Photon Science Tohoku University. A maximum energy of 50 kV, a current of up to 300 mA , pulse width of 1-5 ?s and repetition rate of up to 300 pps were obtained respectively. The normalized emittance were measured to be less than 2?mm mrad. Moreover, an S-bund prebuncher was fabricated for the new electron gun. An integrated long run operating was examined which has satisfied the most strict requirements. (author)

2011-08-01

339

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba. April 1, 1996 - March 31, 1997  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator has been operated successfully from April, 1996 to January, 1997. Although the operation of the accelerator became unstable in the middle of January, it was a short period. The research in the Tandem Accelerator Center covers wide fields, that is, polarization phenomena in nuclear reactions, the nonresonant breakup of Li-7, the further refinement of the CDCC theory, fusion and fission in heavy ion reactions, nuclear structure physics by means of in-beam ? ray spectroscopy, solid state physics using fast ion bemas, Moessbauer effect, NMR, the application of accelerated ion beams to PIXE, and accelerator mass spectrometry. In addition, two major installations were carried out in this academic year. One is a small tandem accelerator which was moved from Electrotechnical Laboratory in Tsukuba, and the other is a system for the production and analysis of atomic clusters. The research activities at the accelerator and experimental facilities and on experimental nuclear physics, theoretical nuclear physics, atomic and solid state physics, cluster science, and ion beam application are reported in this book. Also the list of the publications by these groups is given. Ph. D. and M. Sc. theses are listed, and the speakers and the titles of seminars are reported. (K.I.)

1997-01-01

340

Beam Optics for a Scanned Proton Beam at Loma Linda University Medical Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Beam scanning in proton therapy is a medical technique to lower the dose to healthy tissue while irradiating a tumor volume. Scanned proton beams for proton radiation therapy require small beam sizes at the tumor location. In beam scanning, a small beam usually less than 1 cm diameter is swept across the tumor volume with two magnets located several meters upstream of the patient. In general, all proton beams in a therapy facility must be transported from the accelerator to the treatment rooms where the scanning systems are located. This paper addresses the problem of transporting the beam without losses to the patient and achieving a small beam at the tumor location in the patient. The strengths of the beam line quadrupoles were allowed to vary to produce the desired beam sizes along the beam lines. Quadrupole strengths were obtained using the beam simulation program TRANSPORT originally from Stanford Linear Accelerator Center in Palo Alto, CA. An enhanced version of the original program by Accel Soft Inc. in San Diego, CA has been used for these studies. Beam size measurements were used for comparison with TRANSPORT to verify the predictions of TRANSPORT calculations

2003-08-26

 
 
 
 
341

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba. April 1, 1997 - March 31, 1998  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report briefly described the investigations performed during the period from April 1997 to March 1998 in Tandem Accelerator Center. The 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator was reconstructed and the first beam test was carried out in Nov. 1997. In nuclear physics, the measurement of total reaction cross sections, the non-resonant breakup of "7Li and "9Be, the investigation of hole states via (p,d) reaction, nuclear structure physics by means of in-beam ? ray spectroscopy and the study of the three dimensional cranking model have been performed. In interdisciplinary fields, the development of AMS system has been continued. The trace element analysis of mineral samples has been carried out by means of PIXE with the proton beam which was focused on the sample as narrow as 50 ?m"2. The hydrogen analysis using H("1"9F,??) reaction has been started aiming at the extension of the measurement of depth profile down to a few tens of ?m deep region. (M.N.)

1997-04-00

342

Postoperative pain management at Tirana university hospital center -Mother Teresa-, Tirana, Albania.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is no or little evidence on postoperative pain assessment and treatment in Albanian hospitals. This study is based on our every day work and aims to highlight our experience. We conducted a descriptive drug utilization study which implied data collection over 6 months. Evidence of the enrolled patients was kept by maintaining records and the completed structured questionnaires. Postoperative pain was assessed through a five-category verbal rating scale (VRS). Metamizole was the most prescribed and administered analgesic drug as single therapy and in combination therapy, and acetaminophen was the least prescribed drug. The compliance between the prescribed dosages and those administered was higher in patients treated with a single analgesic compared to multiple therapies. A few patients reported adverse events (4.2 percent). There is much variability in postoperative pain management methods used by medical staff within the Tirana University Hospital. In Albania to date there is no standard protocol for postoperative pain treatment. This study shows that there are no essential differences in patient outcomes in terms of efficacy of analgesic treatment. This leads to the conclusion that a postoperative protocol/guideline for pain management should be prepared, based on our local study findings and also on international experience. Moreover, the guidelines should consider use of balanced analgesia. PMID:23034273

Dibra, A; Kellici, S; Akshija, I

2012-01-01

343

Texas A and M University Nuclear Science Center. Twenty-first progress report, January 1-December 31, 1984  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nuclear Science Center is operated by the Texas Engineering Experiment Station as a service to the Texas A and M University System and the State of Texas. The facility is available to the University, other educational institutions, governmental agencies, and private organizations and individuals. Reactor utilization decreased from 1983 as indicated by a slightly smaller number of samples irradiated and of total irradiations. Core VIII, established in December 1982, was used throughout 1984. Several major facility projects modifications, and improvements were completed during the past year. Experimentally the Beam Port No. 4 reflector and shutter was improved, the pulsing instrumentation is being expanded, and the pneumatic system controller developed for Lab No. 4 is now in use in the Center for Trace Characterization (CTC) and Shell Development labs. Several operational problems occurred in 1984 but did not result in a significant loss of reactor operating time. During this reporting period there were no changes made to the site area; however, there has been made a proposal to extend the runway at nearby Easterwood Airport such tha larger aircraft can be accommodated. This extension should occur in 1985 and should have no affect on the air traffic patterns relative to the NSC. Administratively during 1984 efforts have been made to stabilize the reactor operations staff following the mid year resignations of both a Reactor Supervisor and Manager of Reactor Operations. A long term replacement has been hired to fill the vacated Reactor Supervisor position; however, the manager position has not yet been filled and those duties have been assumed by the Assistant Director

1985-01-01

344

Application of the Kyoto Mechanisms in Finland's climate policy. Report of the Finnish Committee on the Kyoto mechanisms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

By the flexible mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol are meant project-specific Joint Implementation, JI, intended for emissions reduction in the industrialised countries and the Clean Development Mechanism, CDM, designed for emissions reduction in the developing countries. Joint Implementation Projects can be found particularly in the economies-in-transition The flexible mechanisms under the Protocol also include Emissions Trading, ET, which States - and according to the view of several parties, enterprises, too - can conduct subject to rules to be later agreed upon in connection with emissions rights The international climate negotiations on the Kyoto Protocol and on drafting more detailed rules on the use of the mechanisms are still pending. In fact, the Working Group thinks that the uncertainties so far connected with the flexible mechanisms will lead to a situation in which the national climate policy must, at this stage, be primarily based on domestic reduction measures. Even if Finland were prepared to meet her climate policy obligations through domestic measures, there is, in the Working Group's opinion, skill reason to continue the preparations for the possibilities of using the Kyoto flexible mechanisms, too. The prime goal of the flexible mechanisms is an internationally cost-efficient climate policy, which creates the preconditions for the gradual tightening of emission limitations in a manner that will hinder economic and other societal activity as little as possible. Thus the flexible mechanisms can become more important during later commitment periods. According to model calculations, using the mechanisms would probably be inexpensive compared to the domestic emission reduction measures. It seems that the international markets for assigned amount units obtained through the use of the mechanisms would be big enough in view of the relatively limited immediate needs of the Finnish Climate Policy. The larger the group of countries and operators trading in the mechanisms is, the bigger cost benefits for the entire area would be achieved with the mechanisms. However, many uncertainties are connected with the picture given by the model calculations on the inexpensiveness of the project-specific mechanisms. In the opinion of the Working Group, preparations should be made for the use of the flexible mechanisms. The aim should be that the use of the Kyoto mechanisms would be based in the longer term on well functioning international markets on which enterprises can buy and sell assigned amount units within the limits laid down by the parties to the Kyoto Protocol. The Working Group suggests that a task force be set up at the beginning of 2001 to prepare for the bureaucracy related to the use of the mechanisms and to make a draft for legislation concerning the organisation of these bureaucratic functions. The Working Group proposes that a broadly-based body be set up to prepare for the operating models for the use of the mechanisms and to draft the necessary legislation no later than at the stage when the main principles and rules on the use of the Kyoto mechanisms have been agreed upon in international negotiations. The Working Group states that it is important to analyse the various options for emissions trading and project-specific mechanisms in terms of their implementation. The preparedness of taking a position to possible emissions trading on the EU level and to the issues related to the Kyoto mechanisms coming up in international negotiations must be improved. The Working Group proposes that, while drafting the Finnish positions, such broadly-based analysis work on the mechanisms could be utilised more than before in which the expertise and views of the different authorities and operators would be made avail of Interaction between the authorities and operators should be increased. (orig.)

2001-01-01

345

Increasing Internal Stakeholder Consensus about a University Science Center's Outreach Policies and Procedures  

Science.gov (United States)

For decades the United States has tried to increase the number of students pursuing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education and careers. Educators and policy makers continue to seek strategies to increase the number of students in the STEM education pipeline. Public institutions of higher education are involved in this effort through education and public outreach (EPO) initiatives. Arizona State University opened its largest research facility, the new Interdisciplinary Science and Technology Building IV (ISTB4) in September, 2012. As the new home of the School of Earth & Space Exploration (SESE), ISTB4 was designed to serve the school's dedication to K-12 education and public outreach. This dissertation presents a menu of ideas for revamping the EPO program for SESE. Utilizing the Delphi method, I was able to clarify which ideas would be most supported, and those that would not, by a variety of important SESE stakeholders. The study revealed that consensus exists in areas related to staffing and expansion of free programming, whereas less consensus exist in the areas of fee-based programs. The following most promising ideas for improving the SESE's EPO effort were identified and will be presented to SESE's incoming director in July, 2013: (a) hire a full-time director, theater manager, and program coordinator; (b) establish a service-learning requirement obligating undergraduate SESE majors to serve as docent support for outreach programs; (c) obligate all EPO operations to advise, assist, and contribute to the development of curricula, activities, and exhibits; (d) perform a market and cost analysis of other informational education venues offering similar programming; (3) establish a schedule of fee-based planetarium and film offerings; and (f) create an ISTB4 centric, fee-based package of programs specifically correlated to K12 education standards that can be delivered as a fieldtrip experience.

Fisher, Richard D.

346

The role of the universally conserved A2450-C2063 base pair in the ribosomal peptidyl transferase center.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the fact that all 23S rRNA nucleotides that build the ribosomal peptidyl transferase ribozyme are universally conserved, standard and atomic mutagenesis studies revealed the nucleobase identities being non-critical for catalysis. This indicates that these active site residues are highly conserved for functions distinct from catalysis. To gain insight into potential contributions, we have manipulated the nucleobases via an atomic mutagenesis approach and have utilized these chemically engineered ribosomes for in vitro translation reactions. We show that most of the active site nucleobases could be removed without significant effects on polypeptide production. Our data however highlight the functional importance of the universally conserved non-Watson-Crick base pair at position A2450-C2063. Modifications that disrupt this base pair markedly impair translation activities, while having little effects on peptide bond formation, tRNA drop-off and ribosome-dependent EF-G GTPase activity. Thus it seems that disruption of the A2450-C2063 pair inhibits a reaction following transpeptidation and EF-G action during the elongation cycle. Cumulatively our data are compatible with the hypothesis that the integrity of this A-C wobble base pair is essential for effective tRNA translocation through the peptidyl transferase center during protein synthesis. PMID:20375101

Chirkova, Anna; Erlacher, Matthias D; Clementi, Nina; Zywicki, Marek; Aigner, Michaela; Polacek, Norbert

2010-08-01

347

Informing Science (IS and Science and Technology Studies (STS: The University as Decision Center (DC for Teaching Interdisciplinary Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Students of history and philosophy of science courses at my University are either naïve robust realists or naïve relativists in relation to science and technology. The first group absorbs from culture stereotypical conceptions, such as the value-free character of the scientific method, that science and technology are impervious to history or ideology, and that science and religion are always at odds. The second believes science and technology were selected arbitrarily by ideologues to have privileged world views of reality to the detriment of other interpretations. These deterministic outlooks must be challenged to make students aware of the social importance of their future roles, be they as scientists and engineers or as science and technology policy decision makers. The University as Decision Center (DC not only reproduces the social by teaching standard solutions to well-defined problems but also provides information regarding conflict resolution and the epistemological, individual, historical, social, and political mechanisms that help create new science and technology. Interdisciplinary research prepares students for roles that require science and technology literacy, but raises methodological issues in the context of the classroom as it increases uncertainty with respect to apparently self-evident beliefs about scientific and technological practices.

Teresa Castelao-Lawless

2001-01-01

348

Accreditation the Education Development Centers of Medical-Sciences Universities: Another Step toward Quality Improvement in Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: : In order to improve the quality of education in universities of medical sciences (UMS, and because of the key role of education development centers (EDCs, an accreditation scheme was developed to evaluate their performance.Method: A group of experts in the medical education field was selected based on pre-defined criteria by EDC of Ministry of Health and Medical education. The team, worked intensively for 6 months to develop a list of essential standards to assess the performance of EDCs. Having checked for the content validity of standards, clear and measurable indicators were created via consensus. Then, required information were collected from UMS EDCs; the first round of accreditation was carried out just to check the acceptability of this scheme, and make force universities to prepare themselves for the next factual round of accreditation.Results: Five standards domains were developed as the conceptual framework for defining main categories of indicators. This included: governing and leadership, educational planning, faculty development, assessment and examination and research in education. Nearly all of UMS filled all required data forms precisely with minimum confusion which shows the practicality of this accreditation scheme.Conclusion: It seems that the UMS have enough interest to provide required information for this accreditation scheme. However, in order to receive promising results, most of universities have to work intensively in order to prepare minimum levels in all required standards. However, it seems that in long term, implementation of a valid accreditation scheme plays an important role in improvement of the quality of medical education around the country.

M Mohagheghi

2013-01-01

349

Universe  

CERN Multimedia

The Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that is correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-8. The Britannica Illustrated Science Library is a visually compelling set that covers earth science, life science, and physical science in 16 volumes.  Created for ages 10 and up, each volume provides an overview on a subject and thoroughly explains it through detailed and powerful graphics-more than 1,000 per volume-that turn complex subjects into information that students can grasp.  Each volume contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary help

2008-01-01

350

Center for Extended Magnetohydrodynamic Modeling (CEMM) University of Utah SAPP 2007 Final Status Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the third and final period of this grant, our goal was to refine the algorithmic approaches used to detect and visualize magnetic islands and their corresponding null points within both the NIMROD and M3D data sets. We refined our geometric approach, which gave a greater confidence in the accuracy of the Poincareplots created. The final results are best demonstrated through Figures 2-6 attached to the report. Technical details this work was reported in both the Physics and Visualization communities. The algorithms used to analyze the magnetic field lines and detect magnetic islands have been packaged into a library and were used within the SCIRun Problem Solving Environment which is being used by members of the CEMM for visualization. In addition, the library interface was developed so that it could be used by both the NIMROD and M3D codes directly. Thus allowing the fusion scientist to perform this analysis while their simulations were actively running. The use of the library for analysis and visualization was not limited to just within the CEMM SciDAC. Other groups such as the SciDAC for the Simulation of Wave Interactions with Magnetohydrodynamics using Silo code have used the tools for the analysis of their simulations, Figure 1. Though the funding of this project had concluded there is still much work to be performed on this analysis. The techniques developed are fast and robust when not in the presence of chaos. Magnetic field lines that are near the separatrices where chaos is most often present can be difficult to analyze yet these are the field lines that are greatest interest. We believe that investigating and developing techniques based on time frequency analysis may hold some promise. Two other issues that need to be address is the ability to automatically search for the magnetic islands and the ability to track the development of the magnetic islands over time. Our initial effort into automatically searching for the islands did not prove as robust as hoped and required more effort than could be allocated. These areas as well as other issues related to 'orbit analysis' are of interest to many members within of each of the Fusion SciDAC Centers and should be the subject of continuing SAPs such as this one.

Allen R. Sanderson; Christopher R. Johnson

2007-12-04

351

[Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease in liver transplant recipients--Merkur University Hospital single center experience].  

Science.gov (United States)

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is an increasingly recognized condition as the number of solid organ and bone marrow transplant recipients increases. It can be a life threatening fulminant disorder and affects approximately 8% of solid organ transplant recipients. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is closely involved in the pathogenesis of PTLD and the majority of PTLD cases arise in response to primary infection with EBV or to re-activation of previously acquired EBV. The principal risk factors underlying the development of PTLD are the degree of overall immunosuppression and EBV serostatus of the recipient. The most commonly used pathologic classification of PTLD is the World Health Organization classification, which divides PTLD into three categories: early lesions, polymorphic PTLD, and monomorphic PTLD. Early lesions are characterized by reactive plasmacytic hyperplasia. Polymorphic PTLD may be either polyclonal or monoclonal and is characterized by destruction of the underlying lymphoid architecture, necrosis, and nuclear atypia. In monomorphic PTLD, the majority of cases (>80%) arise from B cells, similar to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in immunocompetent hosts. The most common subtype is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, but Burkitt's/Burkitt's-like lymphoma and plasma cell myeloma are also seen. Rarely T-cell variants occur, which include peripheral T-cell lymphomas and, rarely, other uncommon types, including gamma/delta T-cell lymphoma and T-natural killer (NK) cell varieties. Hodgkin's disease-like lymphoma is very unusual. An accurate diagnosis of PTLD requires a high index of suspicion, since the disorder may present subtly and/or extranodally. Radiologic evidence of a mass or the presence of elevated serum markers (such as increased LDH levels) are suggestive of PTLD, with positive finding on ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance and/or positron emission tomography scanning (possibly indicating metabolically active areas) also favoring the diagnosis. The management of PTLD poses a major therapeutic challenge and although there is reasonable agreement about the overall principles of treatment, there is still considerable controversy about the optimal treatment of individual patients. EBV-related PTLDs are a significant cause of mortality in patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation with the observed mortality rate of up to 50%. This paper presents the experience acquired at Merkur University Hospital in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with liver transplantation and PTLD. PMID:23126028

Filipec-Kanizaj, Tajana; Budimir, Jelena; Coli?-Cvrlje, Vesna; Kardum-Skelin, Ika; Susterci?, Dunja; Naumovski-Mihali?, Slavica; Mrzljak, Anna; Koloni?, Slobodanka Ostoji?; Sobocan, Nikola; Bradi?, Tihomir; Doli?, Zrinka Miseti?; Kocman, Branislav; Katici?, Miroslava; Zidovec-Lepej, Snjezana; Vince, Adriana

2011-09-01

352

Flexible Global Carbon Pricing: A Backward-Compatible Upgrade for the Kyoto Protocol  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Kyoto Protocol’s approach of assigning emission targets, or “caps,” promises certainty that it cannot deliver, because it exacerbates problems with international cooperation and commitment. Global carbon pricing addresses these problems and, with less risk and more reward, can generate and sustain stronger policies. This paper proposes a system, “flexible global carbon pricing,” designed to replace the Kyoto Protocol. It provides backward-compatibility with the Kyoto Protocol by...

Stoft, Steven

2009-01-01

353

Estimating the effects of Kyoto on bilateraltrade flows using matching econometrics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many Kyoto countries fear a loss of competitiveness due to unilateral climate policyefforts; policymakers therefore call for carbon-related border tax adjustments. With thispaper we attempt to estimate the treatment effect of Kyoto commitment on bilateralexport flows using regression-adjusted differences-in-differences matching techniques.The gravity and international environmental agreement formation literatures provideguidelines for the choice of matching variables. We find that Kyoto count...

Aichele, Rahel; Felbermayr, Gabriel J.

2011-01-01

354

After Kyoto - and the Implications for the Energy Industry  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This presentation discusses some conclusions arrived at in the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). From an international political perspective, the Kyoto Protocol was a major achievement. As a follow-up, WBCS will focus on how business can help to make the agreements work and contribute further to those issues, which were left open at Kyoto. Kyoto has moved the climate issue from a general policy debate to quantified emission targets for 38 countries and established principles for a framework for action. WBCSD encourages a global perspective on climate change and wants to make market-based policies as effective as possible. Innovation will be a key to success. Some of the major environmental challenges the last two decades that have been handled internationally are acid rain, ozone-depleting substances, and emissions that cause local environmental damage. Successful industrial companies have shown their ability to achieve ambitious goals related to environmental performance. These achievements are also relevant with respect to the development of environmentally sound solutions and practices regarding the greenhouse gases. Individual companies should encourage the free flow of best practices, stimulate creativity, and adapt their strategies to environmental `realities`. An example of the transformation of these statements into action is Norsk Hydro`s Hydrokraft, a gas-fired power plant concept. Greenhouse gas emission trading will promote technology development and the implementation of cost-effective solutions. Joint Implementation and especially the Clean Development Mechanism will occur mainly through work on technology transfer. Finally, the presentation discusses some specific Norwegian issues. 3 figs.

Myklebust, Egil [Norsk Hydro, Oslo (Norway)

1998-12-31

355

Sinks in the Kyoto Protocol : challenges and opportunities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This PowerPoint presentation discussed concerns about the inclusion of forest sinks in the Kyoto Protocol and ways to address those concerns. The paper outlined articles 3.3, 3.4 and 12 with reference to the distinction between Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects and forest management. Carbon sequestration versus carbon storage was also discussed. It was noted that storage is more significant that sequestration in the long term. Common concerns include additionality, leakage, and socio-economic impacts. Conservation opportunities lie in the shelterbelts and urban forests. Other conservation opportunities exist in forest restoration, plantations for biomass, and plantations that generation conservation gains elsewhere on the landscape.

Von Mirbach, M. [Sierra Club of Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

2001-07-01

356

An evaluation of business implications of the Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report has been commissioned by Norsk Hydro ASA and written in November-December 2001. The aim of the report is to present and analyze the newest developments in the climate negotiations, particularly the seventh Conference of the Parties to the Climate Convention in Marrakech, Morocco, in October/November 2001, and to provide an evaluation of what the finalized Kyoto Protocol means for business. The report is organized as a collection of slides with supporting text explaining the background and contents of each slide. (author)

2001-01-01

357

Options for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study assesses available options for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. The study includes the following sections: An introduction, an overview of proposals and establishing a network, analysis of interests of countries, selected country case studies, an overview of the issues to be considered, options for adaptation to climate change, a new approach ''Common but Differentiated Convergence'', an update of the Triptych approach, a comprehensive compromise proposal, the comparison of emission allowances under various approaches and a negotiation strategy for the EU and Germany. (orig.)

Hoehne, Niklas; Phylipsen, Dian; Ullrich, Simone; Blok, Kornelis

2005-02-15

358

Nuclear power ... clean sustainable energy to meet Canada's Kyoto commitment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nuclear energy is a source of power that avoids greenhouse gas emissions. This paper will examine the effects of nuclear power on Canada's emissions reductions target required by the Kyoto Protocol and Climate Change. It will consider the contribution that can be made: from existing domestic facilities; through new construction; and through exports of nuclear reactors and uranium. Since climate change measures will be taking place during a period of deregulating the electricity markets, the paper will outline the competitive aspects of nuclear power, and the regulatory climate required for nuclear investment in such a deregulated market. (author)

1999-11-17

359

Global property rights. The Kyoto protocol and the knowledge revolution  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper is about the origin of today's global environmental problems, and how to resolve them. At stake are catastrophic risks from global warming and damage to the world's biodiversity that ranks as the planet' sixth great extinction. The origin of today's global environmental problems is a historic difference in property rights regimes between industrial and developing countries, the North and the South. The solutions we suggest involve redefining property rights in the use of the global environment as well as in knowledge. We discuss the Kyoto Protocol's new systems of property rights on the use of the planet's atmosphere, and propose a parallel system of property rights on knowledge. Resources such as forests and oil and other mineral deposits are owned as private property in industrial countries but they are treated as common or government property in developing countries. Ill-defined protected property rights lead to the over-extraction of resources in the South, such as timber and oil. They are exported at low prices to the North that over-consumes them. The international market amplifies the tragedy of the commons, leading to inferior solutions for the world economy as a whole (Chichilnisky 1994). Updating property rights on resources in developing countries would face formidable opposition. The lack of property rights in inputs to production, such as timber and oil, could be compensated by assigning property rights on by-products of outputs. The 1997 Kyoto Protocol provides an example as it limits the countries' rights to emit carbon, a by-product of burning fossil fuels. Our suggestions for trading emissions rights (Chichilnisky 1995, 96) was adopted in the Kyoto Protocol, yet the atmosphere's carbon concentration is a global public good, which makes trading tricky. Trading rights to forests' carbon sequestration services or to genetic blueprints would also be trading global public goods. Markets that trade public goods have been shown to require a measure of equity to ensure efficiency (Chichilnisky 1996, Chichilnisky and Heal 2002). This conclusion has been validated theoretically and is also in line with what was agreed by 160 nations in the Kyoto Protocol. Somewhat surprisingly, the same conclusion applies also to trading knowledge goods. Knowledge is a global public good. This paper proposes a new property rights regimes for knowledge goods and for environmental assets that seem crucial for economic progress in the era of the Knowledge RevolutionTM. (author)

2006-01-01

360

Global property rights. The Kyoto protocol and the knowledge revolution  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper is about the origin of today's global environmental problems, and how to resolve them. At stake are catastrophic risks from global warming and damage to the world's biodiversity that ranks as the planet' sixth great extinction. The origin of today's global environmental problems is a historic difference in property rights regimes between industrial and developing countries, the North and the South. The solutions we suggest involve redefining property rights in the use of the global environment as well as in knowledge. We discuss the Kyoto Protocol's new systems of property rights on the use of the planet's atmosphere, and propose a parallel system of property rights on knowledge. Resources such as forests and oil and other mineral deposits are owned as private property in industrial countries but they are treated as common or government property in developing countries. Ill-defined protected property rights lead to the over-extraction of resources in the South, such as timber and oil. They are exported at low prices to the North that over-consumes them. The international market amplifies the tragedy of the commons, leading to inferior solutions for the world economy as a whole (Chichilnisky 1994). Updating property rights on resources in developing countries would face formidable opposition. The lack of property rights in inputs to production, such as timber and oil, could be compensated by assigning property rights on by-products of outputs. The 1997 Kyoto Protocol provides an example as it limits the countries' rights to emit carbon, a by-product of burning fossil fuels. Our suggestions for trading emissions rights (Chichilnisky 1995, 96) was adopted in the Kyoto Protocol, yet the atmosphere's carbon concentration is a global public good, which makes trading tricky. Trading rights to forests' carbon sequestration services or to genetic blueprints would also be trading global public goods. Markets that trade public goods have been shown to require a measure of equity to ensure efficiency (Chichilnisky 1996, Chichilnisky and Heal 2002). This conclusion has been validated theoretically and is also in line with what was agreed by 160 nations in the Kyoto Protocol. Somewhat surprisingly, the same conclusion applies also to trading knowledge goods. Knowledge is a global public good. This paper proposes a new property rights regimes for knowledge goods and for environmental assets that seem crucial for economic progress in the era of the Knowledge Revolution{sup TM}. (author)

Chichilnisky, G. [Columbia Univ., New York (United States)

2006-07-01

 
 
 
 
361

EU Kyoto doubts go public | EurActiv  

...  Dead man walking At the same meeting, Henry Derwent, CEO of the IETA, described the Kyoto agreement as 'a ...dead man walking'. The IETA is an influential global business lobbying association on emissions trading. Any possible weakening of the EU's commitment ... Climate-KIC EU commissioner launches Nordic climate innovation centre Greens-EFA Group Call for binding EU climate and energy targets for 2030 must be heeded ... Climate-KIC EU commissioner launches Nordic climate innovation centre Send us your press release Advertising Network: CZ DE ES FR IT PL RO ...

362

An evaluation of business implications of the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report has been commissioned by Norsk Hydro ASA and written in November-December 2001. The aim of the report is to present and analyze the newest developments in the climate negotiations, particularly the seventh Conference of the Parties to the Climate Convention in Marrakech, Morocco, in October/November 2001, and to provide an evaluation of what the finalized Kyoto Protocol means for business. The report is organized as a collection of slides with supporting text explaining the background and contents of each slide. (author)

Torvanger, Asbjoern

2001-12-01

363

Kyoto and Beyond: How the banking rule affects emission, cost and price  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this thesis I investigate numerically how three different scenarios of a Post-Kyoto agreement for the commitment period 2013-2017 affect the overall emission abatement, the cost of compliance and the price for emission permits in both the Kyoto (2008-2012) and the Post-Kyoto periods. The scenarios affect both periods through the banking rule; one of the compliance rules governing the emission trade mechanism in the Kyoto Protocol. In my results, banking reduces the overall cost of abatemen...

Kvamme, Lars

2008-01-01

364

5 years of experience implementing a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus search and destroy policy at the largest university medical center in the Netherlands  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a rigorous search and destroy policy for controlling methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection or colonization. DESIGN: Hospital-based observational follow-up study. SETTING: Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, a 1,200-bed tertiary care center in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. METHODS: Outbreak control was accomplished by the use of active surveillance cultures for persons at risk, by the preemptive isolation of patients at ...

Vos, M. C.; Behrendt, M. D.; Melles, D. C.; Mollema, F. P. N.; Groot, W.; Parlevliet, G.; Ott, A.; Horst-kreft, D.; Belkum, A. F.; Verbrugh, H. A.

2009-01-01

365

Impact of emergency medical helicopter transport directly to a university hospital trauma center on mortality of severe blunt trauma patients until discharge  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

IntroductionThe benefits of transporting severely injured patients by helicopter remain controversial. This study aimed to analyze the impact on mortality of helicopter compared to ground transport directly from the scene to a University hospital trauma center.MethodsThe French Intensive Care Research for Severe Trauma cohort study enrolled 2,703 patients with severe blunt trauma requiring admission to University hospital intensive care units within 72 hours. Pre-hospital an...

Desmettre, Thibaut; Yeguiayan, Jean-michel; Coadou, Herve?; Jacquot, Claude; Raux, Mathieu; Vivien, Benoit; Martin, Claude; Bonithon-kopp, Claire; Freysz, Marc

2012-01-01

366

Taking advantage of the Kyoto mechanisms in the natural gas industry; Benefices des mecanismes de Kyoto pour l'industrie du gaz naturel  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Protocol has laid the basis of global markets for greenhouse gas emission reductions. By means of the Kyoto Mechanisms Joint Implementation, the Clean Development Mechanism and International Emissions Trading it will be possible to produce abroad and trade internationally the greenhouse gas emission reductions needed to satisfy cost-efficiently the respective demand of industrialized countries. The paper analyses options available in the natural gas sector for realizing Joint Implementation and Clean Development Mechanism projects. Furthermore, it examines strategies that might be economically viable for companies operating in the natural gas sector for taking advantage of the Kyoto Mechanisms. (author)

Janssen, J. [Institute for Economy and the environment at the University of St. Gallen, IWOe-HSG (Switzerland)

2000-07-01

367

Kyoto and what it means for the forest sector  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The global sustainability picture for fossil fuels and the new opportunities for the forest sector in the wake of the Kyoto Accord in the form of green energy from wood waste, are discussed. The attractiveness of wood waste as a renewable and carbon-neutral alternative to fossil fuels is described, citing recent calculations from climatology literature, which show that the conversion of solar radiation to electricity is about 5000 times more efficient by burning biomass than it is by burning oil, and more than five times more efficient than burning coal. It is shown that of the 250 megatonnes of greenhouse gases that Canada must eliminate annually under the Kyoto Accord, enough surplus wood waste is generated by the Canadian forestry industry to offset 6.7 megatonnes of carbon dioxide by displacing fossil fuel that would otherwise be used for generating electricity. To show its commitment to a cleaner environment, the Canadian pulp and paper industry has cut total carbon dioxide emissions by 28 per cent over the past 12 years. The Forest Products Association of Canada has undertaken to reduce green house gas emissions by a further 1.4 megatonnes of carbon dioxide, the first such commitment by any Canadian industrial sector.

Bradley, M.; Garner, A.

2005-04-01

368

Annual report of Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University. 1994 (April 1, 1994 - March, 31, 1995)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report is a compilation of the research activities and operations of the Research Center For Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University, during the period of the academic year 1994, April 1994 to March 1995. RCNP is the national laboratory for nuclear physics in Japan. The AVF cyclotron with K = 0.14GeV and the ring cyclotron with K = 0.4GeV and EP = 0.4GeV are the major user facilities at RCNP. They have been extensively used for studying nuclear nucleon-meson systems. All facilities are open for users from universities and research institutes in Japan as well as those in foreign countries. The research activities at the RCNP cyclotron laboratory include studies of nuclear interactions and nuclear potentials, spin isospin excitations and decays nuclear reaction dynamics and others. Studies of solid state and atomic physics and medical applications were carried out also at the cyclotron laboratory. New external ion sources have been instaled for the injector cyclotron. New extensions of the RCNP research activities are under progress. One is the possible use of the 8 GeV electron storage ring built at the synchrotron radiation laboratory SPring-8. It is located 100 Km west of Osaka. It is expected to start its operation in 1997. The Compton back-scattering of laser photons from the 8 GeV electron beam provides 1-3.5 GeV ?-rays, which are very promising for studying nuclear quark and meson systems. Other is the non-accelerator physics for ultra-rare nuclear processes at the new under ground laboratory 'Ohto Cosmo Observatory'. It is located 100 km south of Osaka. Neutrino studies by investigating double beta decays, dark matter studies by investigating nuclear responses to them, and studies of other weak processes are planned to be studied there. (J.P.N.)

369

Summary of the Script and Program Review of Sesame Street by the Chicano Study Center, University of California in Los Angeles.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Sesame Street research staff summarizes comments on the fourth season of the program by the Chicano Study Center of the University of California at Los Angeles. Included are reviews of Sesame Street scripts and programs containing Spanish content; sex role observations; examples of modeling behavior; and comments on segments which challenge…

Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.

370

A Comparative Study of Illinois State University Elementary Teacher Graduates of the Regular Student Teaching and the Joliet Teacher Education Center Programs 1970-71.  

Science.gov (United States)

Student graduates' opinions regarding their teacher preparation programs were surveyed, compared, and evaluated. The two programs studied were the regular student teaching program at Illinois State University (I.S.U.) and the Joliet Teaching Education Center Program (J.T.E.C.). Participants were 75 J.T.E.C. students and 75 students from the I.S.U.…

Fitch, Thomas; Klima, Kenneth

371

Client Adherence to Asian Cultural Values, Common Factors in Counseling, and Session Outcome with Asian American Clients at a University Counseling Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on data from 61 Asian American clients at a university counseling center, the study found that client-perceived match on client-counselor belief about problem etiology was related to counselor credibility, empathy, and cross-cultural competence; the client-counselor working alliance; session depth; and the likelihood of the client…

Kim, Bryan S. K.; Ng, Gladys F.; Ahn, Annie J.

2009-01-01

372

Galaxy Halo Formation in the Absence of Violent Relaxation and a Universal Density Profile of the Halo Center  

Science.gov (United States)

While N-body simulations testify to a cuspy profile of the central region of dark matter halos, observations favor a shallow, cored density profile of the central region of at least some spiral galaxies and dwarf spheroidals. We show that a central profile, very close to the observed one, inevitably forms in the center of dark matter halos if we make a supposition about a moderate energy relaxation of the system during the halo formation. If we assume the energy exchange between dark matter particles during the halo collapse is not too intensive, the profile is universal: it depends almost not at all on the properties of the initial perturbation and is very akin, but not identical, to the Einasto profile with a small Einasto index n ~ 0.5. We estimate the size of the "central core" of the distribution, i.e., the extent of the very central region with a respectively gentle profile, and show that the cusp formation is unlikely, even if the dark matter is cold. The obtained profile is in good agreement with observational data for at least some types of galaxies but clearly disagrees with N-body simulations.

Baushev, A. N.

2014-05-01

373

The effect of stress on communication of staff of the University Clinical Center Tuzla according to length of service  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim To investigate the characteristics and distribution of stressas a factor that affects communication in healthcare, as well asthe significance of length of professional experience in drivingthe attitude toward the importance of stress on communication.Methods The study included 56 participants employed at theUniversity Clinical Center Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina,who were officiated heads of medical nurses/technicians and/or leading nurses/technicians. Professional experience of allparticipants was categorized in four groups according to lengthof professional experience: up to 10 years, 11 – 20, 21 – 30and more than 30 years. The method of theoretical analysiswas used for processing of collected data and the data interpretation.Results The scale on the presence of stress as a factor in attitudetoward communication in healthcare among participantsindicated the highest rank of the item 1 “It is difficult for me tothink about the problems at work during the time after workand during the weekend off from work time”, while the item14 ‘’I rarely communicate with my colleagues’’ had the lowestrank. The study results indicate that the length of employmentwas not a statistically significant factor in driving the differencesof the impact of stress on communication in healthcare(F-score of 1.019.Conclusion A length of employment or equivalent professionalexperience (divided according to the total employmentduration did not show statistically significant correlation withthe observed differences in attitude toward communications inhealthcare.

Munib Smajovi?

2013-11-01

374

Materials science and engineering research and education at the Center for Irradiation of Materials of Alabama A and M University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Center for Irradiation of Materials at AAMU (http://cim.aamu.edu) established in 1990 to serve the University in its research, education and services the need of the local community and Industry. CIM irradiation capabilities oriented around two tandem type ion accelerators with seven beam lines providing high resolution Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), MeV focus ion beam, high energy ion implantation and irradiation damage studies, particle induced x-ray emission (PIXE), particle induced gamma emission (PIGE), and ion induced nuclear reaction analysis in addition to fully automated ion channeling. One of the two tandem ion accelerators designed to produce high flux ion beam for high fluence MeV ion implantation and high fluence ion irradiation damage study. The facility is well equipped with variety of surface analysis systems, such as SEM, ESCA, as well as scanning micro-Raman analysis, UV-VIS Spectrometry, luminescence spectroscopy, Thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, IV/CV systems, Mechanical test systems, AFM, FTIR, Voltmetry analysis as well as low energy implaters, Ion Beam Assisted Deposition and MBE systems. In this presentation we will demonstrate how the facility provides services to schools, industries and how CIM has contributed to the recent invention of fabrication of highly efficient thermoelectric materials. Sponsors: Supported in part by AAMU Research Institute, NASA, DOE, NSF and industries. (author)

2009-05-04

375

[Sexual violence: a descriptive study of rape victims and care in a university referral center in São Paulo State, Brazil].  

Science.gov (United States)

Rape is a global public health problem, and steps have been taken to encourage studies on the issue and propose interventions for its prevention and appropriate care. This study aimed to characterize the population of female rape victims and describe the characteristics of the sexual assault and the care provided at a university referral center. This was a quantitative retrospective study of care provided to female rape victims from June 2006 to December 2010. The majority of the women (n = 687) were white, single, had no children, with a mean age of 23.7 years and primary to secondary schooling, employed, and practiced a religion. One-fourth of the victims reported no sexual intercourse prior to the sexual assault. Rape occurred mainly at night, on the street, perpetrated by a single stranger, with vaginal penetration, and with threatened or actual force. Most of the victims had reported the rape to someone and felt supported. Early care occurred for almost 90% of women, allowing preventive measures. From 2006 to 2010 there was an increase in the proportion of women that sought help. Better knowledge of the characteristics of this group and the event itself can help improve the structure and functioning of models to assist rape victims. PMID:23702995

Facuri, Cláudia de Oliveira; Fernandes, Arlete Maria Dos Santos; Oliveira, Karina Diniz; Andrade, Tiago Dos Santos; Azevedo, Renata Cruz Soares de

2013-05-01

376

To ratify or not to ratify. Australia and the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Premiers of NSW, Victoria and South Australia have established an advisory group to examine the costs and benefits to the Australian economy from ratifying the Kyoto Protocol compared to non-ratification. This article reviews the recent report of the group entitled 'Report of the Kyoto Ratification Advisory Group - a risk assessment'. 2 refs.

Gray, M. [Australian Emissions Trading Forum (AETF), Braddon, ACT (Australia)

2003-05-01

377

Kyoto Protocol, constraint or opportunity for coal based electricity producers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Coming into force of Kyoto Protocol (KP) in February 2005, as a result of its signing by Russian Federation, created the lawfulness of its provisions and mechanisms in order to reduce the average emission of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) at a global level down to 5.2 %. Passing this environment problem from a constrained area (regulations, directives) to an opportunity area (business) created the possibility that the achievement of KP objectives to be not an exclusive financial task of 'polluting actors', but opened the opportunity of bringing on stage all the necessary elements of a modern business environment: banks, investments from founds companies, consultants, buyers, sellers, stocks exchange. Until now, the investments and emissions transactions based by KP mechanisms at the worldwide level was focused on renewable energy area. Because for the most of countries, including Romania, the production of electricity based on fossil fuels (special coal) is one of the main option, bringing the KP mechanisms in operation in this area is difficult for at least two reasons: - the investments are huge; - the emissions reduction is not spectacular. In these circumstances, this paper gives an overview of the present GHG emission market, transaction mechanisms on this market and of the ways through which coal based electricity producers from Romania can access this market. We consider that the filtration of the information in this area from electricity producer point of view makes the content of this paper a good start for a new approach of environment management and its conversion from constraint (financial resources consumer) to opportunity ( financial resources producer). The paper contains are as follows: 1. Kyoto Protocol at a glance; 2. Emission trading mechanisms; 2.1. Transaction mechanisms under KP; 2.1.1. Joint Implementation (JI); 2.1.2 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM); 2.1.3. Emissions Trading (ET); 2.2. Other transactions mechanisms; 2.2.1. European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU-ETS); 2.2.2. Green Investment Scheme (GIS); 3. GHG emissions reduction present market; 3.1. The projects based market; 3.2. Permissions market; 4. Romanian coal based energy producers, which way to follow up?; 5. Conclusions. In conclusion, in the present paper authors make an analysis of environmental constraints to opportunities transformation, suggesting the directions and possibilities to finance the environmental projects using the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms in the particular case of coal based energy producers from Oltenia area. The authors, consider that for these large producers the most suitable mechanism is at the moment the Green Investments Scheme and after adhesion of Romania to EU, the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme

2006-06-11

378

Industry/University Cooperative Fellowship Supplement to the Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) Program Solicitation (NSF 01-116)  

Science.gov (United States)

... Supplements to encourage research interactions between universities and industry. These supplements ... Request 4. Choose the award to be supplemented. The supplement request must not exceed three pages ...

379

International emissions trading under the Kyoto Protocol: credit trading  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Kyoto Protocol allows emissions trading between countries but does not specify how such trade is to take place. So far two options have been discussed: government trading and permit trading. This paper discusses a third option: credit trading. Credit trading is based on abatement projects, but differs from joint implementation in that it does not require direct foreign investment. Credit trading can be implemented both domestically and internationally. The main advantage of credit trading are that it excludes trading in hot air, while it still makes trade between private entities possible. However, the environmental effectiveness is doubtful, especially when it is based on relative targets. The paper shows that several interest groups prefer credit trading based on relative targets to permit trading. Also governments may have reasons to prefer credit trading to permit trading. The political acceptability of credit trading is larger than that of permit trading, making it more likely that credit trading will be allowed than permit trading. 35 refs.

Boom, J.-T. [University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands). Dept. of Economics and Public Finance, Faculty of Law

2001-06-01

380

A study on abdomen ultrasonography classified by particular disease practiced in health promotion center of a university hospital  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study is to get preliminary data for an effectiveness evaluation of abdominal examination and improvement of it. Abnormal cases of abdominal ultrasonography are classified by sex, frequency, diagnosis and age, 4.924 examinees were included at a university hospital of health promotion center from January to December in 1999. The results are as follow. According to the distribution of sex, there are more male patients(55.0%) than females patients (48.0%). for men, 40's showed the highest percentage among examinees. For women, 50's were the highest. The reason that 'they visited the health promotion center was that they wanted to check their health status'. This answers were reported the highest (59.3%). Patients that had abnormal cases of abdominal ultrasonography were 48.3%. Liver, kidney, gallbladder showed the highest percentage of abnormal cases in order of organs. Additionally, abnormal cases were discovered in liver cases. According to the frequency of abnormal cases among examinees, the slight fatty liver were the highest regardless of sex. Men had the slight fatty liver, kidney simple cyst, liver calcification and liver simple cyst in order of abnormal cases. Women showed the slight fatty liver kidney simple cyst, kidney calcification, liver simple cyst, and blood vessel tumor in order of abnormal cases. For the abnormal cases of live by sex and age, the 50's reported the highest number of abnormal cases in men (299 patients). In addition, 60's had the highest of disease rata 47.8%. For women, 50's reported the highest number of abnormal cases (361 patients).. Over 70's patients had the highest of disease rata 52.6%. For kidney, men and women showed the highest number of abnormal cases -62 vs 44 respectively. Over 70's patients had the highest percentage of disease rata -23.2% vs 14.0% respectively. For gallbladder, the number of abnormal cases were the most in men's 60's (31 patients) and in women's in the same age group (32 patients). According to malignant tumor, 17 patients were liver cancer, 2 patients stomach ca and 1pt kidney cancer. The relationship between the malignant tumor and the examination motive was that 'they wanted to check their health status (41.0%)' and 'regular checkup (24.0%)'

2001-06-01

 
 
 
 
381

A study on abdomen ultrasonography classified by particular disease practiced in health promotion center of a university hospital  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study is to get preliminary data for an effectiveness evaluation of abdominal examination and improvement of it. Abnormal cases of abdominal ultrasonography are classified by sex, frequency, diagnosis and age, 4.924 examinees were included at a university hospital of health promotion center from January to December in 1999. The results are as follow. According to the distribution of sex, there are more male patients(55.0%) than females patients (48.0%). for men, 40's showed the highest percentage among examinees. For women, 50's were the highest. The reason that 'they visited the health promotion center was that they wanted to check their health status'. This answers were reported the highest (59.3%). Patients that had abnormal cases of abdominal ultrasonography were 48.3%. Liver, kidney, gallbladder showed the highest percentage of abnormal cases in order of organs. Additionally, abnormal cases were discovered in liver cases. According to the frequency of abnormal cases among examinees, the slight fatty liver were the highest regardless of sex. Men had the slight fatty liver, kidney simple cyst, liver calcification and liver simple cyst in order of abnormal cases. Women showed the slight fatty liver kidney simple cyst, kidney calcification, liver simple cyst, and blood vessel tumor in order of abnormal cases. For the abnormal cases of live by sex and age, the 50's reported the highest number of abnormal cases in men (299 patients). In addition, 60's had the highest of disease rata 47.8%. For women, 50's reported the highest number of abnormal cases (361 patients).. Over 70's patients had the highest of disease rata 52.6%. For kidney, men and women showed the highest number of abnormal cases -62 vs 44 respectively. Over 70's patients had the highest percentage of disease rata -23.2% vs 14.0% respectively. For gallbladder, the number of abnormal cases were the most in men's 60's (31 patients) and in women's in the same age group (32 patients). According to malignant tumor, 17 patients were liver cancer, 2 patients stomach ca and 1pt kidney cancer. The relationship between the malignant tumor and the examination motive was that 'they wanted to check their health status (41.0%)' and 'regular checkup (24.0%)'.

Kim, Nam Hee; Choi, Jong Hak [College of Health Sciences, Korea Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2001-06-01

382

Molecular identification of adenovirus causing respiratory tract infection in pediatric patients at the University of Malaya Medical Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background There are at least 51 adenovirus serotypes (AdV known to cause human infections. The prevalence of the different human AdV (HAdV serotypes varies among different regions. Presently, there are no reports of the prevalent HAdV types found in Malaysia. The present study was undertaken to identify the HAdV types associated primarily with respiratory tract infections (RTI of young children in Malaysia. Methods Archived HAdV isolates from pediatric patients with RTI seen at the University of Malaya Medical Center (UMMC, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 1999 to 2005 were used. Virus isolates were inoculated into cell culture and DNA was extracted when cells showed significant cytopathic effects. AdV partial hexon gene was amplified and the sequences together with other known HAdV hexon gene sequences were used to build phylogenetic trees. Identification of HAdV types found among young children in Malaysia was inferred from the phylograms. Results At least 2,583 pediatric patients with RTI sought consultation and treatment at the UMMC from 1999 to 2005. Among these patients, 48 ( Conclusions HAdV-1 and HAdV-2 were the most common HAdV isolated from pediatric patients who sought treatment for RTI at the UMMC from 1999 to 2005. HAdV-B, mainly HAdV-3, was recovered from ~22% of the patients. These findings provide a benchmark for future studies on the prevalence and epidemiology of HAdV types in Malaysia and in the region.

AbuBakar Sazaly

2010-07-01

383

Kyoto and the economics of global warming; Kyoto et l'economie de l'effet de serre  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report sheds light on the economic issues surrounding climate change. The objective is to fuel a longer term reflexions. The greenhouse effect raises many questions dealing with economic policy. In particular what is the right agenda for action taking into account the low reversibility of the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases? What about the Kyoto protocol architecture? How to deal with countries that will not participate in the effort for controlling emissions, while enjoying the benefits of the preservation of the climate, a collective good? How to protect the competitiveness of countries that impose environmental constraints on their producers? This report is then discussed by P. Champsaur and A. Lipietz. (A.L.B.)

Guesnerie, R.

2003-07-01

384

Kyoto or non-Kyoto - people or politics: results of recent public opinion surveys on energy and climate change  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: We present the results of a survey of an Australian public opinion survey in the area of climate change and energy technologies and compare the results with similar studies conducted in the other major non-Kyoto-adherent party, the United States, as well as to Kyoto-adherent countries including the UK, Japan, Sweden and Spain. We explore some of the differences and similarities in attitudes and understandings. In our survey, Australians place environment, health care and petrol prices as the most important issues facing their country, while in America it is terrorism, health care and the economy and in the UK it is asylum seekers, crime and health care. In many other areas, the differences are considerably smaller and there are some remarkable similarities. Whereas climate change is increasingly cited as the leading environmental issue in most countries surveyed, in Australia, climate change is second to water availability as the top environmental concern. The study examines where climate change and energy technologies fit within these broader national and environmental priorities and identifies the general public's preferred solutions. We find clear support in Australia and the other countries surveyed for renewable energy technologies, particularly solar energy and to a lesser extent wind and biomass energy. We also find considerable disagreement in all countries regarding the future of nuclear power as well as with regard to carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies (albeit the latter with much larger uncertainty). The paper also explores the current knowledge levels of the general public in a number of countries about carbon dioxide emissions and how much as individuals, they are prepared to pay to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. We find that, in general, at a more detailed level in terms of both attitudes and understandings of energy and climate issues there is considerable agreement across disparate countries Gudged on their national climate policies)

2007-10-02

385

Diversity and Writing; Dialogue within a Modern University. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Writing (1st, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 16-19, 1990). Monograph Series No. 2.  

Science.gov (United States)

This monograph is a report of the first annual conference sponsored by the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Writing at the University of Minnesota. Both the conference and the monograph support the University's goal of fostering diversity within its academic community and also focus on one of the Center's goals: exploring the effects of…

Batchelder, Susan, Ed.

386

STRUCTURAL DIMENSIONS AND FUNCTIONS OF STUDENTS CENTERS IN THE OPEN UNIVERSITY PRACTICES: Three Metropolis Samplings - Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Open Education Faculty Students Centers have been offering many services to students in Turkey since 1982. Building up bridges between students and faculties; student’s centers have had technological improvements since 1998 and thereafter quality of services have been increased and services given to students at the student’s center have been variated by implementing a low-cost computer network. Operations of the student’s centers in The Open Education system, modifications taking place in the automation systems of the centers and qualifications of services given to students have been examined comprehensively in this article.

Ergun TUNCKAN

2007-10-01

387

EFRC:CST at the University of Texas at Austin - A DOE Energy Frontier Research Center (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

'EFRC:CST at the University of Texas at Austin - A DOE Energy Frontier Research Center' was submitted by the EFRC for Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials (EFRC:CST) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. EFRC:CST is directed by Xiaoyang Zhu at the University of Texas at Austin in partnership with Sandia National Laboratories. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Zhu, Xiaoyang (Director, Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials); CST Staff

2011-05-01

388

Orifice diseases project - experience of the "Hospital das Clínicas" University of São Paulo Medical Center in day-hospital of anorectal disease  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The treatment of malignant or benign colorectal pathologies that require more complex management are priorities in tertiary hospitals such as "Hospital das Clínicas" University of São Paulo Medical Center (HCFMUSP). Therefore, benign, uncomplicated orifice conditions are relegated to second place. The number of patients with hemorrhoids, perianal fistulas, fissures, condylomas and pilonidal cysts who seek treatment at the HFMUSP is very great, resulting in over-crowding in the outpa...

1999-01-01

389

Creating the integrated information infrastructure for the 21st century at the University of Washington Warren G. Magnuson Health Sciences Center.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Successful integrated information systems implementation requires an effective marriage of technology and information resources in response to critical institutional needs. The University of Washington technical infrastructure, developed over the past five years, includes ubiquitous, high-speed network access throughout the Health Sciences Center and hospitals, agreement on network standards and protocols, uniform interface to common databases (character-based and GUI) and network availabilit...

Fuller, S.

1993-01-01

390

Outbreak of Infection with Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Carrying blaIMP-8 in a University Medical Center in Taiwan  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Klebsiella pneumoniae strains with the transferable carbapenem-hydrolyzing metallo-?-lactamases, which include IMP- and VIM-type enzymes, remain extremely rare. To investigate whether IMP- or VIM-producing K. pneumoniae isolates had spread at a university medical center in Taiwan, a total of 3,458 clinical isolates of K. pneumoniae consecutively collected in 1999 and 2000 were tested by the agar diffusion method, colony hybridization, PCR, and nucleotide sequencing. A total of 40 isolates (1...

Yan, Jing-jou; Ko, Wen-chien; Tsai, Shu-huei; Wu, Hsiu-mei; Wu, Jiunn-jong

2001-01-01

391

Making lemonade from lemons: a case study on loss of space at the Dolph Briscoe, Jr. Library, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The setting for this case study is the Dolph Briscoe, Jr. Library, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, a health sciences campus with medical, dental, nursing, health professions, and graduate schools. During 2008–2009, major renovations to the library building were completed including office space for a faculty development department, multipurpose classrooms, a 24/7 study area, study rooms, library staff office space, and an information commons. The impetus for changes...

Tobia, Rajia C.; Feldman, Jonquil D.

2010-01-01

392

Kyoto, the oil sands and the GHG emissions market  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper reviews uncertainties in the oil sands industry in relation to climate change, greenhouse gas emissions and the Kyoto Protocol. Other issues contributing to uncertainties in the industry were also discussed, including water and natural gas issues, refinery capacity and markets, price and exchange rates as well as capital availability and project cost overruns. The potential economic impact of the Kyoto Protocol on oil sands was outlined with prices per barrel. Government regulations were examined in the context of the evolving expectations of the Canadian public. U.S. actions on climate change were examined at the federal and state level. Emissions trading systems were reviewed with reference to a post 2012 regime. The 2005 budget was discussed, along with the Canadian legislative agenda and domestic offsets program, as well as the regulatory agenda in June of 2005. Post 2012 issues were examined, including discussions on the next commitment period, with reference to the fact that there was no support for new commitments among developing countries but that domestic pressures was building in the U.S. for air and climate regulations. Pressures from shareholders and the scientific community were discussed. Emissions trading in the European Union was reviewed. Stabilization goals will mean significant cuts to emissions in order to accommodate growth. Scenario planning and climate change uncertainties were also reviewed. The benefits of scenario planning in complex situations were outlined and were seen to encourage the development of strategic options. Issues concerning environmental stewardship and possible responses by the Unites States were discussed. Three scenarios were outlined: that climate change is not man-made and all the problems will go away; that technology will evolve to accommodate changes; and that policy will be insensitive to the economy, technology will lag and the energy sector will be faced with much higher costs. Various risk management strategies were reviewed, including the determining of risk exposures; an evaluation of internal options; hedging of deemed risk via market mechanisms, investments and divestments; and an incorporation of scenarios and market information into capital allocation and operating decisions. A Natsource buyer's pool was presented, with a pool of $200 million to purchase project based compliance instruments aimed at lowest cost compliance. Seven entities are currently committed with $70 million raised. tabs, figs

2004-09-01

393

Management of a comprehensive radiation safety program in a major American University and affiliated academic medical center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Duke University, which operates under eight radiation licenses issued by the State of North Carolina, consists of a leading medical center including extensive inpatient and outpatient facilities, a medical school, biomedical research labs, and an academic campus including two major accelerator facilities. The Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Oncology departments handle over 40,000 diagnostic and therapeutic procedures annually, including approximately 160 radioiodine therapeutic cases. In biomedical research labs, about 300 professors are authorized to use radioactive materials. Over 2,000 radiation workers are identified on campus. Over the past two years, we have transformed the existing radiation safety program into a more responsive and more accountable one. Simultaneously, the institutional 'culture' changed, and the Radiation Safety Division came to be viewed as a helpful ally by investigators. The purpose of this paper is to present our experiences that have made this transformation possible. Our initiatives included; (a) defining short-term and long-term goals; (b) establishing a definitive chain of authority; (c) obtaining an external review by a consultant Health Physicist; (d) improving existing radiation safety programs; (e) reorganizing the Radiation Safety Division, with creation of multidisciplinary professional staff positions; (f) implementing campus-wide radiation safety training, (g) increasing technician positions; (h) establishing monthly medical center radiation safety executive meeting. As a result progress made at the Divisional level includes; (a) culture change by recruiting professionals with academic credentials and recent college graduates; (b) implementing weekly staff meetings and monthly quality assurance meetings; (c) achieving academic prominence by publishing and presenting papers in national meetings; (d) senior staff achieving faculty appointments with academic departments; (e) senior staff participating in graduate student lectures, and instituting a seminar series. Progress made at the institutional level includes; (a) implementing training programs; (b) developing an in-house TLD program; (c) initiating in-house diagnostic x-ray machine testing for units outside the Radiology Department; (d) centralizing radioactive package distribution; (e) simplifying the radiation licensing application process; (f) implementing written lab operating procedures in individual labs; (g) developing radioactive package order and receipt software; (h) implementing special shielding design and radioiodine patient waste management projects. We conclude: (1) involvement of executive management is critical for radiation protection management in multidisciplinary institutions; (2) consultant review is useful in guiding management support of RSO initiatives; (3) increased visibility of the radiation safety program, through training sessions and grand rounds, increases cooperation from users and subsequently improves regulatory compliance; (4) radiation safety division quality assurance meetings help identify weaknesses and provide motivation for improvement; (5) a clear chain of authority is critical in program oversight; (6) open participation in division projects by staff members fosters an intellectually stimulating environment in the group; (7) participation of senior administrators from Occupational and Environmental Safety Office (OESO) in the radiation safety staff meetings helps maintain a professional working relationship between the Radiation Safety Officer and the Director of OESO. (author)

2000-05-01

394

Global SF6 emission estimates inferred from atmospheric observations - a test case for Kyoto reporting  

Science.gov (United States)

Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) is one of the strongest greenhouse gases per molecule in the atmosphere. SF6 emissions are also one of the six greenhouse gases targeted for reduction under the Kyoto Protocol. Here we present a long-term data set of globally distributed high-precision atmospheric SF6 observations which show an increase in mixing ratios from near zero in the 1970s to a global mean value of 6.3 ppt by the end of 2007. Because of its long atmospheric lifetime of around 3000 years, the accumulation of SF6 in the atmosphere is a direct measure of its global emissions: Analysis of our long-term data records implies a decrease of global SF6 sources after 1995, most likely due to emission reductions in industrialised countries. However, after 1998 the global SF6 source increases again, which is probably due to enhanced emissions from transition economies such as in China and India. Moreover, observed north-south concentration differences in SF6 suggest that emissions calculated from statistical (bottom-up) information and reported by Annex II parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) may be too low by up to 50%. This clearly shows the importance and need for atmospheric (top-down) validation of Kyoto reporting which is only feasible with a dense world-wide observational network for greenhouse and other trace gases. Other members of the Global SF6 Trends Team: R. Heinz (1), D. Osusko (1), E. Cuevas (2), A. Engel (3), J. Ilmberger (1), R.L. Langenfelds (4), B. Neininger (5), C.v. Rohden (1), L.P. Steele (4), A. Varlagin (6), R. Weller (7), D.E. Worthy (8), S.A. Zimov (9) (1) Institut für Umweltphysik, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany, (2) Centro de Investigación Atmosférica de Izaña, Instituto Nacional de Meteorología (INM), 38071 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, (3) Institut für Atmosphäre und Umwelt, J.W. Goethe Universität Frankfurt, 60438 Frankfurt/Main, Germany, (4) Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research / CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (CMAR), Aspendale, Victoria 3195, Australia, (5) MetAir AG, 6313 Menzingen, Switzerland, (6) Svertsov Institute for Evolutionary and Ecological Problems (IPEE), 117071 Moscow, Russia, (7) Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, 27568 Bremerhaven, Germany, (8) Environment Canada, Climate Research Division / CCMR, Toronto, ON M3H 5T4, Canada, (9) Cherskii, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia

Levin, I.; Naegler, T.

2009-04-01

395

The energy supply industry still have to reckon with the Kyoto Protocol; Energieversorger muessen weiterhin mit ''Kyoto'' rechnen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The preparatory activities with respect to the carbon dioxide mitigation policy of Germany and the self-commitment of the German industry, and approaches for meeting the emission reduction targets defined in the Kyoto Protocol, probably to be ratified by European countries at the forthcoming meeting, still are of topical relevance to the emission-intensive generation companies in Germany. The article discusses recommendable corporate strategies and approaches, including as a general approach to learn to understand the role and scope of uncertainties and the price mechanisms involved. (orig./CB) [German] Die Vorbereitung auf die Kyoto-(oder Kyoto-aehnlichen) Reduktionsziele und -mechanismen ist fuer emissionsintensive Unternehmen weiterhin von betraechtlicher Relevanz. Dabei empfiehlt sich als grundsaetzliche Vorgehensweise, zunaechst Unsicherheiten und Preismechanismen verstehen zu lernen und dann auf dieser Basis Strategien und Aktionen festzulegen. (orig./CB)

Flatnitzer, K.H. [Accenture GmbH, Wien (Austria). Bereich Energiehandel und Risikomanagement; Herrmann, M. [Accenture GmbH, Frankfurt am Main (Germany). Bereich Energiehandel und Risikomanagement; Mohnhaupt, M. [Accenture GmbH, Hamburg (Germany). Bereich Industrieentwicklung und Geschaeftsstrategien fuer Energie- und Versorgungsunternehmen; Scholtissek, S. [Accenture GmbH, Muenchen (Germany)

2001-06-01

396

A post-Kyoto analysis with the ERIS model prototype  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Electricity generation technologies are examined in a global context with a multi-regional version of the ERIS model prototype with endogenous technological learning curves, developed within the EU/TEEM project. Impacts of Kyoto-like CO{sub 2} constraints are analysed considering the effects of allowing or not trade of emission permits. Complementary stochastic analyses addressing the uncertainty of emission constraints, demand and learning rates and a preliminary assessment of the effects of the geographical scale of learning are also presented. When technology dynamics are endogenous, mitigation policies stimulate technological learning of emerging marginal low carbon technologies driving the model to their early deployment. Trade of emission permits allows some of the constrained regions to take more moderate actions, but provides opportunities for penetration of learning technologies in different regions, contributing to their long term cost competitiveness. Early action appears to be effective in terms of long term costs and emission profiles. Uncertainties in emission targets and demands may stimulate technological learning as a preparation for future contingencies. (orig.)

Barreto, L.; Kypreos, S. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland). Energy Modelling Group

2000-07-01

397

Strain differences in baroceptor reflex in adult Wistar Kyoto rats  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: A subset of normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats show lower baroreflex sensitivity; however, no previous study investigated whether there are differences in baroreflex sensitivity within this subset. Our study compared baroreflex sensitivity among conscious rats of this specific subtype. MET [...] HODS: Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats (16 weeks old) were studied. Cannulas were inserted into the abdominal aortic artery through the right femoral artery to measure mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). Baroreflex gain was calculated as the ratio between change in HR and MAP variation (?HR/?MAP) in response to a depressor dose of sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 50 µg/kg, i.v.) and a pressor dose of phenylephrine (PE, 8 µg/kg, i.v.). Rats were divided into four groups: 1) low bradycardic baroreflex (LB), baroreflex gain (BG) between -1 and -2 bpm/mmHg tested with PE; 2) high bradycardic baroreflex (HB), BG

Vitor E., Valenti; Luiz Carlos de, Abreu; Caio, Imaizumi; Márcio, Petenusso; Celso, Ferreira.

398

Resolving issues on terrestrial biospheric sinks in the Kyoto Protocol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the Kyoto Protocol, all Annex I countries have agreed to reduce their carbon dioxide emissions with a certain percentage in 2008-2012 compared to 1990. To achieve that target, some direct human induced activities initiated in the Land-use Change and Forestry sector since 1990, may be used. However, the wording in the Protocol has caused confusion on what is exactly meant in the Protocol, which activities may be included, whether soils should be included and whether any additional measures may be included in the future. Also, the way of monitoring, verification and reporting is unclear. In this NRP project the implications of a choice for a certain definition, additional compartments of the C cycle, and feasibility of monitoring are assessed for a limited number of countries. This is done by applying those definitions and additional measures to the countries` C budget on the latest data. The forest related matters are handled by the Institute for Forestry and Nature Research (IBN-DLO), the soil related matters are handled by the Research Institute for Agrobiology and Soil fertility (AB-DLO), the monitoring and verification matters are handled by the Winand Staring Centre for Integrated Land, Soil and Water Research (SC-DLO). 120 refs.

Nabuurs, G.J.; Verkaik, E.; Mohren, G.M.J. [DLO Institute for Forestry and Nature Research IBN-DLO, Wageningen (Netherlands); Dolman, A.J.; Kabat, P. [DLO Winand Staring Centre SC-DLO, Wageningen (Netherlands); Whitmore, A.P.; Oenema, O. [DLO Institute for Agrobiology AB-DLO, Wageningen (Netherlands); Daamen, W.P. [Consulatancy Daamen, Schoonderwoerd and De Klein, Kesteren (Netherlands)

1999-08-01

399

Hot air in Kyoto, cold air in The Hague  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Summary: Why did the climate negotiations in The Hague fail? Our contribution is to argue that the conflict between the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) stems mainly from disagreement on the cost issue. We argue that three main concerns promoted by the EU in The Hague. First, a 50% national emission ceiling (the supplementarity principle), second the use of carbon sinks, and third an international market control system. These issues can be solved by removing all restrictions on free greenhouse gas (GHG) trade and by establishing the World Trade Organization as an international authority. The US will face considerably higher costs than foreseen at the negotiations in Kyoto and will have strong incentives to free ride. Our main hypothesis is that the EU proposal on supplementarity made the US turn to free riding. Thus, to make the US stay in an international GHG emission-trading scheme, the EU must reconsider and acknowledge US claims for cheaper reduction options and the right to trade 'hot air.'This point is important. If the US does not participate, the increase in emissions will be much higher than the emission reduction following the EU supplementarity proposal.

Steiner, Urs; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

2001-01-01

400

The Pacific Pact: A political fig leaf or an alternative to the Kyoto Protocol  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The article discusses the consequences of the Kyoto Protocol and the necessity for an expanded approach as seen in the beginning Oceania work represented by the Asia-Pacific-Partnership. Some possibilities for pollution limiting aspects are also discussed

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Transparency in the implementation of Kyoto Protocol for the forestry sector in Italy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Authors make a critic comment on the Carbo-Italy project, in that they think it is not properly designed to provide official data for carbon accounting, as required by the Kyoto Protocol.

Mollicone D

2007-01-01

402

Report: demonstrable progresses of the France according the Kyoto protocol; Rapport: progres demontrables de la France selon le protocole de Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document constitutes the report of the France on the demonstrable progresses according the application of the 3 article of the Kyoto protocol. The first chapter is a description of the french climatic policy, as the second presents the tendencies and the projections concerning the greenhouse effect gases emissions. The chapter 3 details the policies effects and the measures ( energy, transport, industry and wastes). The last chapter is devoted to the respect of the other engagements articles 10 and 11 of the Kyoto protocol. (A.L.B.)

NONE

2006-06-15

403

Cooling down hot air: a global CGE analysis of post-Kyoto carbon abatement strategies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Kyoto Protocol marks a break-through in global warming mitigation policies as it sets legally binding emissions targets for major emitting regions. However, realisation of the Protocol depends on the clarification of several issues one of which is the permissible scope of international emissions trading between signatory countries. Unrestricted trade produces hot air when signatory countries whose Kyoto targets are well above their business as usual emissions trade in larger amounts of "a...

Bo?hringer, Christoph

1999-01-01

404

The Kyoto Protocol without USA and Australia - with the Russian Federation as a strategic permit seller  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract:After the U.S. and Australian withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol, and the extension of national quotas in the Bonn- and Marrakesh-agreements, meager environmental effects and a low price of emission permits is likely to be the outcome of implementation. This paper provides an analysis of these prospects for the Kyoto Protocol and the international permit market based on different assumptions related to the baseline scenario. Possible strategic behavior in the permit market is emphasi...

Holtsmark, Bjart

2003-01-01

405

The Kyoto Protocol without USA and Australia - with the Russian Federation as a strategic permit seller  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract: After the U.S. and Australian withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol, and the extension of national quotas in the Bonn- and Marrakesh-agreements, meager environmental effects and a low price of emission permits is likely to be the outcome of implementation. This paper provides an analysis of these prospects for the Kyoto Protocol and the international permit market based on different assumptions related to the baseline scenario. Possible strategic behavior in the permit market is emphas...

Holtsmark, Bjart

2003-01-01

406

From small to insignificant:climate impact of the Kyoto Protocol with and without US  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

American president George W. Bush has declared that he will not ask the Senate to ratify the Kyoto Protocol. This commentary explores the potential impact of implementing the Kyoto Protocol without the participation of the United States. Because, in practice, the United States would have taken on a relatively large share of the Protocol?s abatement commitments, we conclude that implementing the Protocol without the participation of United States will lead to significantly less reductions...

Hagem, Cathrine; Holtsmark, Bjart

2001-01-01

407

The Kyoto mechanisms and the quest for compliance:unresolved issues and potential pitfalls  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this paper is to illuminate potential problems with the flexibility mechanism in the Kyoto Protocol connected to the establishment of an enforcement system. The Kyoto mechanisms are emission trading, Joint Implementation with other Annex B countries and finally the Clean Development Mechanism. With regard to emission trading, we discuss new challenges for monitoring, reporting and verification, the issue of supplementarity, intertemporal emission trading, the ?hot-air”...

Malvik, Henrik; Westskog, Hege

2001-01-01

408

The Kyoto mechanisms and the diffusion of renewable energy technologies in the BRICS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper examines whether the Kyoto mechanisms have stimulated the diffusion of renewable energy technologies in the BRICS, i.e. Brazil, Russian, India China and South Africa. We examine the patterns of diffusion of renewable energy technologies in the BRICS, the factors associated with their diffusion, and the incentives provided by the Kyoto mechanisms. Preliminary analysis suggests that the Kyoto mechanisms may be supporting the spread of existing technologies, regardless if such technologies are still closely tied to environmental un-sustainability, rather than the development and diffusion of more sustainable variants of renewable energy technologies. This raises questions about the incentives provided by the Kyoto mechanisms for the diffusion of cleaner variants of renewable energy technologies in the absence of indigenous technological efforts and capabilities in sustainable variants, and national policy initiatives to attract and build on Kyoto mechanism projects. We provide an empirical analysis using aggregated national data from the World Development Indicators, the International Energy Agency, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and secondary sources. - Highlights: ? The Kyoto mechanisms may be supporting the diffusion of existing technologies. ? They may not be supporting the diffusion of sustainable renewable energy technologies. ? In the absence of appropriate capabilities and policies further diffusion is limited.

2012-03-01

409

Kyoto digital database of 44-year synoptic observation of solar chromosphere  

Science.gov (United States)

Solar activity is known to cyclically change in 11 years. However, the amplitude of the variation is not constant but modulated in long term span. The long term variation of solar activity is thought as one of the origin of the global warming or cooling of the earth. In Kyoto University, a continuous synoptic observation of solar chromospheres in CaIIK monochromatic light had been done during the years 1926-1969. CaIIK spectroheliographic images and white light images had been taken on daily base. All the images were recorded in photographic plates. In view of the long term span of the data and the uniqueness of full solar disk images, we think that the data is scientifically a very valuable one. Since we have a risk of aging and degradation of these old photographic plates, we have started a project to digitize all the plates and develop a digital image database for public use via IUGONET (Inter-university Upper atmosphere Global Observation NETwork) system. Our plan of the project consists of six stages. (1) Compilation of meta-database and its publication. (2) Digitization of all the plates and development of image database. (3) Visualization of long term solar chromospheric variation. (4) Measurement of solar plage area and brightness. (5) Comparative study between variations of sunspot number and plage activity. (6) Study on the long term character of terrestrial upper atmosphere heating with the solar plage activity as a proxy of solar EUV irradiation. In the present paper, we will give the basic plan, the present status of our project and some preliminary scientific results.

Kitai, Reizaburo; Asai, Ayumi; Hayashi, Hiroo; Ueno, Satoru

2012-07-01

410

Scientific, legal and economical consequences of the Kyoto protocol; Consequences scientifiques, juridiques et economiques du protocole de Kyoto  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Since about 20 years, the international community worries about the consequences of the continuous increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The French Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences have organized joint working groups in order to discuss some important topics such as the legal impact of some international summits, and in particular of the Kyoto protocol signed in December 1997 in the framework of the United Nations convention about climate changes. The aim of this protocol is to reach at least a 5.2% reduction of greenhouse gases worldwide between 2008 and 2012, with respect to the 1990 level. It appears that the legal aspects cannot be considered alone because of the existing tight links between the legal, scientific and economic problems. On the other hand, it is not possible to consider all the elements of this huge problem altogether. Thus the working group decided to stress on some aspects for which the French authorities will necessarily and rapidly have to take position and decisions. After a presentation of carbon stocks and fluxes, the report shows the legal, political and economical problems. Then it presents its conclusions and recommendations about the need for additional studies and for urgent and long-term actions. (J.S.)

NONE

2001-07-01

411

Strain differences in baroceptor reflex in adult Wistar Kyoto rats  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: A subset of normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats show lower baroreflex sensitivity; however, no previous study investigated whether there are differences in baroreflex sensitivity within this subset. Our study compared baroreflex sensitivity among conscious rats of this specific subtype. METHODS: Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY rats (16 weeks old were studied. Cannulas were inserted into the abdominal aortic artery through the right femoral artery to measure mean arterial pressure (MAP and heart rate (HR. Baroreflex gain was calculated as the ratio between change in HR and MAP variation (?HR/?MAP in response to a depressor dose of sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 50 µg/kg, i.v. and a pressor dose of phenylephrine (PE, 8 µg/kg, i.v.. Rats were divided into four groups: 1 low bradycardic baroreflex (LB, baroreflex gain (BG between -1 and -2 bpm/mmHg tested with PE; 2 high bradycardic baroreflex (HB, BG < -2 bpm/mmHg tested with PE; 3 low tachycardic baroreflex (LT, BG between -1 and -2 bpm/mmHg tested with SNP and; 4 high tachycardic baroreflex (HT, BG < -2 bpm/mmHg tested with SNP. Significant differences were considered for p < 0.05. RESULTS: Approximately 37% of the rats showed a reduced bradycardic peak, bradycardic reflex and decreased bradycardic gain of baroreflex while roughly 23% had a decreased basal HR, tachycardic peak, tachycardic reflex and reduced sympathetic baroreflex gain. No significant alterations were noted with regard to basal MAP. CONCLUSION: There is variability regarding baroreflex sensitivity among WKY rats from the same laboratory.

Vitor E. Valenti

2010-01-01

412

A solar station in Ica - Mutsumi Ishitsuka: a research center to improve education at the university and schools  

Science.gov (United States)

The San Luis Gonzaga National University of Ica has built a solar station, in collaboration with the Geophysical Institute of Peru, the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and the Hida Observatory. The Solar Station has the following equipment: a digital Spectrograph Solar Refractor Telescope Takahashi 15 cm aperture, 60 cm reflector telescope aperture, a magnetometer-MAGDAS/CPNM and a Burst Monitor Telescope Solar-FMT (Project CHAIN). These teams support the development of astronomical science and Ica in Peru, likewise contributing to science worldwide. The development of basic science will be guaranteed when university students, professors and researchers work together. The Solar Station will be useful for studying the different levels of university education and also for the general public. The Solar Station will be a good way to spread science in the region through public disclosure.

Terrazas-Ramos, Raúl

2012-07-01

413

Medizinhistorische Buchbestände am Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf und ihre Entsäuerung [Historic collections of the Medical Library of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and their deacidification  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available [english] The Medical Library of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf holds considerable special collections. This article introduces the library’s three most significant collections of medical history and informs about recent activities in preservation aiming at preserving these collections in the long term as well as improving accessibility.[german] Die Ärztliche Zentralbibliothek (ÄZB am Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE verfügt über bedeutende Spezialsammlungen. Der vorliegende Aufsatz informiert über die drei wichtigsten medizinhistorischen Spezialsammlungen und berichtet von den Aktivitäten im Bereich Bestandserhaltung, die die ÄZB in den vergangenen Jahren unternommen hat und aktuell durchführt, um die Bestände langfristig zu erhalten und die Zugänglichkeit zu verbessern.

Kintzel, Melanie

2012-09-01

414

Induced Abortion in the Midtrimester in Adolescents and Young Women at the Department of Ob&Gyn at University Clinical Center Tuzla  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Between March 2008 and November 2009, we carried out a prospective study among adolescent and young women (14 - 24 years old) terminating a pregnancy at 13-23 weeks of gestation at Department of Ob&Gyn at University Clinical Center Tuzla. A total of 31 women were included into the study. The women were categorized into two groups: the study group of those who had procedure with application of laminaria alone (N=18) and the control group of those who had preparation with Pg gel in addition...

Azra Hadzimehmedovic; Azur Tulumovic

2010-01-01

415

Nuclear Energy Department of Federal University of Pernambuco: the only nuclear research center of the North and Northeast regions of Brazil  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This work describes the activities of the Nuclear Energy Department of the Federal University of Pernambuco, the only nuclear research center of the North and Northeast regions of Brazil. Analyzing its various activities one may emphasize the continuous increase of the scientific production, the consolidation of its research lines, the widening of the scientific production, the consolidation of its research lines, the widening of its teaching activities at the graduate and undergraduate levels, and the diversification of its interaction with community through the development of services and specialized courses. Finally, it presents the wide range of national and international technical cooperation in its research fields. (author). 3 figs

1995-08-07

416

Development of an auto-focusing imaging system in the soft X-ray microscope beamline of the SR center in Ritsumeikan University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An X-ray microscope beamline (BL-12) was installed in the SR center, Ritsumeikan University, in 1996 and has been operated for 12 years. After XRM2005, an automated CZP positioning system has been used for daily observation. Using this system, several unique biological samples were observed. In 2007, we started a new project to develop an auto-focusing imaging system in the beamline. The system can be controlled by a single finger and makes possible to perform the multi-wavelength imaging in a wide wavelength region from 1.73 to 4.73 nm. With this system, an edge absorption imaging can be easily applied to many elements.

2009-09-01

417

Universal behavior of an isolated phase-slip center: experiment and time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For the first phase-slip center in superconducting whiskers of different materials the normalized normal-like length and zero-voltage intercept have been plotted as a function of the pair-breaking parameter. A comparison is made with the prediction of the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory

1987-01-01

418

Learner-Centered Assessment: A Comparison of Faculty Practices in US Colleges and Universities 1993 to 2004  

Science.gov (United States)

Over a decade ago, Barr and Tagg (1995) declared that a shift had occurred in higher education from an instruction paradigm to a learning paradigm. A central element in this new paradigm is learner-centered assessment. While a growing body of literature suggests that this approach to assessment is a best practice in higher education pedagogy, it…

Webber, Karen L.; Tschepikow, Kyle

2011-01-01

419

Student-Centered Reliability, Concurrent Validity and Instructional Sensitivity in Scoring of Students' Concept Maps in a University Science Laboratory  

Science.gov (United States)

Student-centered approach of scoring the concept maps consisted of three elements namely symbol system, individual portfolio and scoring scheme. We scored student-constructed concept maps based on 5 concept map criteria: validity of concepts, adequacy of propositions, significance of cross-links, relevancy of examples, and interconnectedness. With…

Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Kilic, Ziya

2004-01-01